WorldWideScience

Sample records for welfare equipment technology

  1. Electronic equipment packaging technology

    CERN Document Server

    Ginsberg, Gerald L

    1992-01-01

    The last twenty years have seen major advances in the electronics industry. Perhaps the most significant aspect of these advances has been the significant role that electronic equipment plays in almost all product markets. Even though electronic equipment is used in a broad base of applications, many future applications have yet to be conceived. This versatility of electron­ ics has been brought about primarily by the significant advances that have been made in integrated circuit technology. The electronic product user is rarely aware of the integrated circuits within the equipment. However, the user is often very aware of the size, weight, mod­ ularity, maintainability, aesthetics, and human interface features of the product. In fact, these are aspects of the products that often are instrumental in deter­ mining its success or failure in the marketplace. Optimizing these and other product features is the primary role of Electronic Equipment Packaging Technology. As the electronics industry continues to pr...

  2. Achievement report on research and development of medical and welfare equipment technology. Esophageal speech aid system; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shokudo hassei hojo sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    Research and development of an esophageal speech aid system is carried out to assist patients with the vocal chords lost in pharyngectomy. The goal is to develop a device to enable people, who have had their pharynges removed but can communicate under noiseless circumstances, to communicate easily even in the noisy street. The study involves the development of a voice pickup means, speech signal processing technology, integrated circuit dedicated to the present purpose, esophageal speech signal analyzer, and improvement on the user's comfort. The effort results in a highly directional microphone and a small, high-output loudspeaker. Several real-time signal processing algorithms are developed, including one related to the bandwidth division type analysis and synthesis technique that ensures stable voice conversion. An esophageal speech database is built. A portable esophageal speech aid system is manufactured by way of experiment, which is equipped with the functions of analog simple voice magnification and digital voice conversion. This device serves concurrently as a telephone speech aid system. (NEDO)

  3. Market Integration, Choice of Technology and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller

    2010-01-01

    This paper develops an international trade model where firms in a duopoly may diversify their technologies for strategic reasons. The firms face the same set of technologies given by a tradeoff between marginal costs and fixed costs, but depending on trade costs firms may choose different...... technologies. Market integration may induce a technological restructuring where firms either diversify their technologies or switch to a homogeneous technology. In general, market integration improves welfare. However, a small decrease of trade costs which induces a switch from heterogeneous technologies...

  4. Information technology equipment cooling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Mark D.

    2014-06-10

    According to one embodiment, a system for removing heat from a rack of information technology equipment may include a sidecar indoor air to liquid heat exchanger that cools warm air generated by the rack of information technology equipment. The system may also include a liquid to liquid heat exchanger and an outdoor heat exchanger. The system may further include configurable pathways to connect and control fluid flow through the sidecar heat exchanger, the liquid to liquid heat exchanger, the rack of information technology equipment, and the outdoor heat exchanger based upon ambient temperature and/or ambient humidity to remove heat from the rack of information technology equipment.

  5. Technology Equipment Rooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, C. William

    2001-01-01

    Examines telecommunications equipment room design features that allow for growth and can accommodate numerous equipment replacements and upgrades with minimal service disruption and with minimal cost. Considerations involving the central hub, power and lighting needs, air conditioning, and fire protection are discussed. (GR)

  6. Information technology equipment cooling method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schultz, Mark D.

    2015-10-20

    According to one embodiment, a system for removing heat from a rack of information technology equipment may include a sidecar indoor air to liquid heat exchanger that cools air utilized by the rack of information technology equipment to cool the rack of information technology equipment. The system may also include a liquid to liquid heat exchanger and an outdoor heat exchanger. The system may further include configurable pathways to connect and control fluid flow through the sidecar heat exchanger, the liquid to liquid heat exchanger, the rack of information technology equipment, and the outdoor heat exchanger based upon ambient temperature and/or ambient humidity to remove heat generated by the rack of information technology equipment.

  7. Fiscal 1998 survey report. Welfare equipment (Development of human friendly care support intelligent equipment / Development of home welfare equipment system); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Fukushi kiki (human friendly kaigo shien chino kiki kaihatsu / zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Since disabled persons increase with a progress of an aging society, while a care power decreases with a decrease in birth rate, development and practical use of the welfare equipment contributing to self-support of aged and handicapped persons, reduction of doctors' or therapists' burdens, and as a result, reduction of medical care costs are desirable. Among them, R and D and practical use are expected of the advanced welfare equipment and system based on human engineering technology contributing to improvement of lives of aged and handicapped persons, and support of nurses and cares of disabled persons. In fiscal 1998, on both human friendly care support intelligent equipment and home welfare equipment system, this project clarified essential technical issues based on the future view, selected some themes to be newly developed in the future, and surveyed and evaluated the details of their R and D concretely. For the former, 'heart disease diagnosis and treatment total support system,' and for the latter, 'body function rehabilitation support system' were surveyed. (NEDO)

  8. [Equipment and technology in robotics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Declan; Challacombe, Ben; Nedas, Tim; Elhage, Oussama; Althoefer, Kaspar; Seneviratne, Lakmal; Dasgupta, Prokar

    2007-05-01

    We review the evolution and current status of robotic equipment and technology in urology. We also describe future developments in the key areas of virtual reality simulation, mechatronics and nanorobotics. The history of robotic technology is reviewed and put into the context of current systems. Experts in the associated fields of nanorobotics, mechatronics and virtual reality simulation simulation review the important future developments in these areas.

  9. [Voluntary testing procedures of farm animal housing equipment according to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesse, D; Knierim, U; von Borell, E; Herrmann, H; Koch, L; Müller, C; Rauch, H W; Sachser, N; Schwabenbauer, K; Zerbe, F

    1999-04-01

    Before its broad application in practice, housing equipment should be tested, in particular with regard to animal welfare. The differing positions of the German Federal Council (Bundesrat) and the German Federal Parliament (Bundestag), whether such testing should be mandatory or voluntary, have been conciliated in the amended animal welfare act by empowering the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries (BML) to fix official standards for voluntary testing procedures by regulation. On request of the BML, a report as scientific basis for a draft regulation is currently prepared by the scientific animal welfare committee of the German Agricultural Society (DLG). The scientific animal welfare committee has been appointed by the DLG in order to provide support in the effort to strengthen animal welfare aspects in the DLG-utility testing procedure of housing equipment, which is in place since 1953. The committee elaborates standards concerning testing methods, assessment criteria and the necessary size of investigations. As required, the scientific animal welfare committee may support the DLG-testing bodies in the implementation of the animal welfare part of the testing procedure. It will, moreover, be involved in the welfare assessment based on the testing results. The amendments of the already established testing procedure will help to fulfill the general requirements on an acceptable animal welfare testing procedure. While keeping in mind that there are certain limits in what can be achieved by a voluntary testing procedure, the enhanced consideration of animal welfare aspects within the DLG-utility testing procedure has the advantage to be relatively unbureaucratic and in line with EU legislation, and is, therefore, an appropriate tool for a contibrution to improved animal welfare in livestock housing.

  10. Improved animal welfare, the right technology and increased business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Støier, S; Larsen, H D; Aaslyng, M D; Lykke, L

    2016-10-01

    Animal welfare is receiving increasing attention from the authorities, the public and NGOs. For this reason, the improvement of animal welfare and animal handling systems is of the utmost importance for the meat industry. Technological developments have led to more animal friendly systems that handle animals on the day of slaughter, and these developments will be even more important as consideration for animal welfare and sustainability is no longer just a trend but a licence to operate. Improvement of animal welfare also leads to a higher value of the carcasses due to higher product quality, less cut-off caused by fewer injuries, and reduced working load, which leads to increased business opportunities. Therefore, good animal welfare is good business, and the development and implementation of new technology is the way to obtain improved animal welfare. These subjects will be addressed using examples and cases from the pork and broiler production industry.

  11. Fiscal 1997 research report on the survey on public test and evaluation organizations for development of welfare equipment; 1997 nendo fukushi kiki kaihatsu ni kakawaru koteki shiken hyoka kikan chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This research studies the construction policy of public test and evaluation systems for future development and practical use of welfare equipment, through survey on the current methods for development, practical test and evaluation of welfare equipment in countries advanced in welfare, and preparation of basic data for promoting establishment of public test and evaluation functions in Japan. Infrastructure preparation for standards and public test and evaluation organizations for developing welfare equipment is being promoted by Technical Laboratory of Bicycle Industry Promotion Association and some national organizations such as Product Evaluation Technical Center, Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, National Institute of Bioscience and Human Technology, and Living and JIS Center. However, preparation of objective and across test and evaluation systems for developing welfare equipment is still insufficient. Product Evaluation Technical Center is now approaching to evaluation and standardization of welfare equipment. Public test and evaluation organizations of the UK, Sweden and Denmark are presented. (NEDO)

  12. Welfare Technology and Surveillance in Care Work for Elderly Citizens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Agnete Meldgaard; Kamp, Annette; Grosen, Sidsel Lond;

    Welfare technologies’ are increasingly used in a variety of settings in the Danish welfare state (Mortensen 2015), where they are envisioned as leading to a new and smarter form of welfare state service delivery, promising increased efficiency, better quality, and citizen empowerment (Finansmini......‘Welfare technologies’ are increasingly used in a variety of settings in the Danish welfare state (Mortensen 2015), where they are envisioned as leading to a new and smarter form of welfare state service delivery, promising increased efficiency, better quality, and citizen empowerment...... (Finansministeriet 2014). Based on two ethnographic field studies we discuss how selected technologies facilitate care and surveillance of citizens in different manners and with different consequences for care relationships between citizens and eldercare professionals. We focus on ‘intelligent floors...

  13. Introduction of Soft Computing Techniques to Welfare Equipment

    OpenAIRE

    Hideyuki, Takagi; Kamohara, Shin'ichi; Kamohara, Shinichi; TAKEDA, Takashi

    1999-01-01

    This paper introduces our research into the use of soft computing techniques for hearing impairment compensation and physical rehabilitation. Evolutionary computation (EC) is used for fitting hearing aids based on an interactive EC and the user's preferences for sound. This technology allows hearing aid users to optimize their hearing aids in any acoustic environment without professional assistance. The virtual reality (VR) system for physical rehabilitation allows patients to train their mus...

  14. Italy-Japan international project-based learning for developing human resources using design of welfare equipment as a subject.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanafusa, A; Komeda, T; Ito, K; Zobel, P Beomonte

    2015-08-01

    Project-based learning (PBL) is effective for developing human resources of young students. The design of welfare equipment, such as wheelchairs and gait assistive devices, is taken as the subject in this study because these devices must be fit to their environment, users, and method of use; students must consider the circumstances of each country concerned. The program commenced in 2012 at L'Aquila, Italy, and the Shibaura Institute of Technology, Japan and has been continuing for three years. Students were divided into four groups and discussions were held on how to adapt the equipment to the user and environment. After discussion, they designed and simulated a model of the equipment using CAD. Finally, they presented their designs to each other. Through the program, students had fruitful discussions, exchanged ideas from different cultures, and learned from each other. Furthermore, friendships among the students were nurtured. It is believed that the objective of the program was satisfactorily accomplished.

  15. Investigational research on welfare equipment needs/seeds adaptation; Fukushi kiki needs seeds tekigo chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    At the advent of the aging society, investigated are images of welfare equipment to be developed. In the range where the use of welfare equipment is to be studied, the following are included: self care, excretion, transfer, and support of work other than care, as assistance to daily life; exercise function, communication function, and environment arrangement, as assistance to social participation. Of the images of the welfare equipment classified by the overall evaluation, the following are cited as what supports daily life: a lift usable even in the existing houses, a bump remover by which bumps in the house are removed without making large repairs, a urine collector for females, a training device to prevent urinary incontinence, reduction in the bed-fast elderly, a device to prevent bedsore, a system for safely watching demented old people, a system in which clothes are automatically washed, dried, and hanged on a hanger, etc. What supports social participation are a system for sports experience by virtual reality, sound user interface, etc. For the aged to be healthy physically and mentally, it is essential to be taken good care of and create things to live for by participating the society. For this, it is necessary that the government establish the public policies and that a people be conscious of welfare. 9 figs., 33 tabs.

  16. Development of nuclear equipment qualification technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Heon O; Kim, Wu Hyun; Kim, Jin Wuk; Kim, Jeong Hyun; Lee, Jeong Kyu; Kim, Yong Han; Jeong, Hang Keun [Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Taejon (Korea)

    1999-03-01

    In order to enhance testing and evaluation technologies, which is one of the main works of the Chanwon branch of KIMM(Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials), in addition to the present work scope of the testing and evaluation in the industrial facilities such as petroleum and chemical, plants, the qualification technologies of the equipments important to safety used in the key industrial facilities such as nuclear power plants should be localized: Equipments for testing and evaluation is to be set up and the related technologies must be developed. In the first year of this study, of vibration aging qualification technologies of equipments important to safety used in nuclear power plants have been performed. (author). 27 refs., 81 figs., 17 tabs.

  17. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Unified system of diagnosis and treatment for heart diseases; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinshikkan shindan chiryo togo shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    The items to be subjected to research and development are (1) technology of surgical operation support by a maneuverable manipulator system, (2) shape change compensation technology, (3) high speed 3-dimensional ultrasonic measurement technology, (4) image processing technology, (5) surgical planning, and (6) intraoperative micro-manipulation support technology. This fiscal year, a conceptual design is prepared of the titled system by making the below-named studies. Before the examination of the items to be developed, the research and development program is divided into several phases, sample cases for the new system to treat and the techniques it will use at each phase are studied, and research and development policies for each element at each phase are deliberated. Under item (1), a study is made about the manipulator to operate under the MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) environment from the viewpoints of engineering and medicine. Under item (2), the shape and dimensions of a stabilizer and stabilizing method are studied for a conceptual design. Under item (3), the effect of the materials of a scanning probe on the MRI image is studied. Under item (4), a prototype software program is developed for image processing, and a study is made about techniques for correcting endoscopic image distortion. Under item (5), a concept design is prepared relative to the basic functions necessary for information display. Under item (6), a study is made about the concept design framework. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Home rehabilitation system for aphasia patients; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shitsugosho zaitaku rehabilitation shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    Element technologies under development involve (1) an authoring system for assistance program processing, (2) self-training system for supporting home rehabilitation, (3) human interface for aphasia patients and caregivers, (4) remote rehabilitation evaluation and diagnosis supporting system, and (5) a communication assisting system. Under item (1), a material incorporating interface, training contents layout and combination function, and general-purpose interface specifications are determined, and a one-piece system is designed and developed. Under item (2), a self-training player that behaves in compliance with the authoring specifications is designed and developed. Under item (3), a secondary unit is fabricated on the assumption of its use at an actual treatment scene. Under item (4), remotely controlled two-way face-to-face communication, camera control, shared operation of a training player, training scenario transfer component, etc., are developed and, furthermore, a one-piece system is designed and developed to support the therapist's rehabilitation assessment and diagnosis in coordination with the above-mentioned remotely controlled functions. Under item (5), a network communication component and an auxiliary function using voice synthesis are added for designing and developing a one-piece system that enables long-distance communication between the therapist and patients. (NEDO)

  19. Result of R and D of medical welfare equipment technology in fiscal 1994. Part 6. Therapeutic training system for preventing incontinence of urine; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1994 nendo seika hokokusho. 6. Nyoshikkin boshi kunren sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    A portable system was developed so as to prevent the urinary incontinence and enable the aged persons and patients to live their comfortable life. In the measurement of urinary volume, its correlativity with the change in impedance was confirmed with a small and light-weight prototype. As a result of improvement of the ultrasonic method, the measurement accuracy was heightened with miniaturization. The usefulness and safety could be clinically confirmed in the urination control by electric stimulation. Based on the above element technologies, the total system was then studied by interlinking the intravesical urinary volume measurement system and urination control system. Particularly for the patients of urgent urinary incontinence, an in vitro test was conducted with a system into which the electric stimulator was integrated. As a result, this system was good as a nursing system. Through an animal experiment on iontophoresis, the urination was known to be controllable with skin-permeating drugs. However, it was known that those drugs are pharmaceutically classified into the new DDS group by the Drugs, Cosmetics and Instruments Act. Therefore, the clinical application plan was partially revised for the present system using them and made to be a subject of future study.

  20. Measuring and Test Equipment through barcode technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crockett, J.D.; Carr, C.C.

    1993-06-01

    Over the past several years, the use, trace methodology, and documentation of Measuring and Test Equipment has become a major concern. Current regulations are forcing companies to develop new policies, providing use history and traceability of Measuring and Test Equipment. The US Department of Energy and Environmental Organizations are driving Westinghouse Hanford Company to comply with the more stringent environmental guidelines and recent modifications in Department of Energy Orders. This paper discusses how the Fast Flux Test Facility at Westinghouse Hanford Company overcame these obstacles by using a computerized system through barcode technology.

  1. FY 1998 annual report on the compilation of database of experts for development of welfare equipment. Surveys for collecting information of institutes supporting, e.g., welfare equipment research and development; 1998 nendo fukushi yogu no kaihatsu ni kakawaru senmonteki chiken wo yushita jinzai database no kochiku chosa hokokusho. Fukushi yogu kenkyu kaihatsu nado shien kikan joho seibi chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to promote supply of high-quality, inexpensive welfare equipment, the data about public testing and research institutes throughout Japan are collected for their organizations, research themes, expertized areas, relations with welfare equipment, future activity guidelines and the like, and expert employees, so that enterprises can have adequate advises from them, when they plan to start researches on and development of related equipment. Information was obtained by means of questionnaires returned back from a total of 127 institutes related to industrial testing and researches, and 61 institutes, e.g., rehabilitation centers, deeply related to welfare equipment. This reports compiles information on 48 institutes which are conducting researches or the like on welfare equipment. The compiled lists of the local institutes supporting welfare equipment research and development activities describe, e.g., their total expenses, numbers of technical experts, conditions of windows responsible for welfare equipment or the like, percentages of expenses related to welfare equipment on total expenses, percentages of numbers of technical experts responsible for welfare equipment on total numbers of technical experts, and major research themes on welfare equipment. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1998 annual report on the compilation of database of experts for development of welfare equipment. Surveys for collecting information of institutes supporting, e.g., welfare equipment research and development; 1998 nendo fukushi yogu no kaihatsu ni kakawaru senmonteki chiken wo yushita jinzai database no kochiku chosa hokokusho. Fukushi yogu kenkyu kaihatsu nado shien kikan joho seibi chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to promote supply of high-quality, inexpensive welfare equipment, the data about public testing and research institutes throughout Japan are collected for their organizations, research themes, expertized areas, relations with welfare equipment, future activity guidelines and the like, and expert employees, so that enterprises can have adequate advises from them, when they plan to start researches on and development of related equipment. Information was obtained by means of questionnaires returned back from a total of 127 institutes related to industrial testing and researches, and 61 institutes, e.g., rehabilitation centers, deeply related to welfare equipment. This reports compiles information on 48 institutes which are conducting researches or the like on welfare equipment. The compiled lists of the local institutes supporting welfare equipment research and development activities describe, e.g., their total expenses, numbers of technical experts, conditions of windows responsible for welfare equipment or the like, percentages of expenses related to welfare equipment on total expenses, percentages of numbers of technical experts responsible for welfare equipment on total numbers of technical experts, and major research themes on welfare equipment. (NEDO)

  3. NEDO medical and welfare equipment development subcommittee. 18th project report meeting; NEDO iryo fukushi kiki kaihatsu bunkakai. Dai 18 kai jigyo hokokukai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    Outlining the development of medical and welfare equipment, Masanori Fujita, a NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) director, introduces 13 themes, including a trace cell information detection system, a highly sensitive DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) optical inspection device, and a very high speed high-precision cerebral function measuring MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) apparatus. In relation with the welfare techno-house project, it is reported that techno-houses are complete at 13 locations across Japan and that development of welfare systems for home care was carried out by use of techno-houses. A report is delivered concerning the practical welfare apparatus development promotion project, which refers to subsidies for development being granted and to the commercialization of items falling under 21 themes. Panel discussion is conducted over teeth and health, the discussed themes covering the 'completion of the effort to develop the oral device engineering system for the next generation,' 'physical health and dental health,' 'dental health and aesthetics,' 'denture manufacturer's view of dental health,' and so forth. (NEDO)

  4. Hyperbaric intensive care technology and equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millar, Ian L

    2015-03-01

    In an emergency, life support can be provided during recompression or hyperbaric oxygen therapy using very basic equipment, provided the equipment is hyperbaric-compatible and the clinicians have appropriate experience. For hyperbaric critical care to be provided safely on a routine basis, however, a great deal of preparation and specific equipment is needed, and relatively few facilities have optimal capabilities at present. The type, size and location of the chamber are very influential factors. Although monoplace chamber critical care is possible, it involves special adaptations and inherent limitations that make it inappropriate for all but specifically experienced teams. A large, purpose-designed chamber co-located with an intensive care unit is ideal. Keeping the critically ill patient on their normal bed significantly improves quality of care where this is possible. The latest hyperbaric ventilators have resolved many of the issues normally associated with hyperbaric ventilation, but at significant cost. Multi-parameter monitoring is relatively simple with advanced portable monitors, or preferably installed units that are of the same type as used elsewhere in the hospital. Whilst end-tidal CO₂ readings are changed by pressure and require interpretation, most other parameters display normally. All normal infusions can be continued, with several examples of syringe drivers and infusion pumps shown to function essentially normally at pressure. Techniques exist for continuous suction drainage and most other aspects of standard critical care. At present, the most complex life support technologies such as haemofiltration, cardiac assist devices and extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation remain incompatible with the hyperbaric environment.

  5. Report for fiscal 1998 on the international joint research project of medical welfare equipment; Iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In connection with the international joint research project of medical welfare, a report was made on the results of the investigation conducted in 1998 concerning the technology of overseas medical welfare equipment. In the investigation of china, observation was made on the actual state of the representative medial institutions, with opinions exchanged. Obsolete equipment and old technology are the present state in China, which is strongly desirous of exchanging information with Japan. In Taiwan, being full of venture spirit, an ultrasonic thermal treatment apparatus and an ultrasonic echo device have been produced for example. In Europe, an observation tour was conducted on a German manipulator and process robot while an investigative visit and exchange of opinions were made on the living environment and facilities in Italian training center for physically handicapped persons. Japan's self-supporting and assisting system for excretion attracted many questions and comments. In the investigation in the U.S., views were exchanged concerning '{sup 13}C-MRS device for non-invasion brain metabolic measurement' in research institutions such as universities. A machine developed in Japan received a high evaluation in that {sup 13}C spectrum was obtained from a substantial depth. (NEDO)

  6. COHERENT EFFORT FOR COPD PATIENTS  WITH A SPECIAL FOCUS ON WELFARE TECHNOLOGY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard*, Kitt; Bagger, Bettan; Jensen, Lars Heegaard

    2014-01-01

    is given by health professionals whom they have feel safe with and related to. Some expressed that they did not feel familiar with technology and therefore do not expect to use it in their daily life. Others felt that the new experiences with technological aid would make them feel more secure in daily life......Background: Welfare technology is considered to be cost effective, promoting consistent quality in health care (1, 2), including the care pathways for individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Welfare technology has been found to ensure more freedom and responsibility for ones...... own illness leading to prevention of hospitalizations (3, 4). Technologies therefore are assumed to enhance the quality and consistency of treatment programs for patients with COPD. Prior to implementation of welfare technology in the Region of Zealand, Denmark, University College Zealand and COPD...

  7. Poster COHERENT EFFORT FOR COPD PATIENTS  WITH A SPECIAL FOCUS ON WELFARE TECHNOLOGY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard*, Kitt; Bagger, Bettan; Bech, Lone

    2014-01-01

    is given by health professionals whom they have feel safe with and related to. Some expressed that they did not feel familiar with technology and therefore do not expect to use it in their daily life. Others felt that the new experiences with technological aid would make them feel more secure in daily life......Background: Welfare technology is considered to be cost effective, promoting consistent quality in health care (1, 2), including the care pathways for individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Welfare technology has been found to ensure more freedom and responsibility for ones...... own illness leading to prevention of hospitalizations (3, 4). Technologies therefore are assumed to enhance the quality and consistency of treatment programs for patients with COPD. Prior to implementation of welfare technology in the Region of Zealand, Denmark, University College Zealand and COPD...

  8. Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Commercial Lawn Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-10-10

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program produced this guide to help inform the commercial mowing industry about product options and potential benefits. This guide provides information about equipment powered by propane, ethanol, compressed natural gas, biodiesel, and electricity, as well as advanced engine technology. In addition to providing an overview for organizations considering alternative fuel lawn equipment, this guide may also be helpful for organizations that want to consider using additional alternative fueled equipment.

  9. Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Commercial Lawn Equipment (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program produced this guide to help inform the commercial mowing industry about product options and potential benefits. This guide provides information about equipment powered by propane, ethanol, compressed natural gas, biodiesel, and electricity, as well as advanced engine technology. In addition to providing an overview for organizations considering alternative fuel lawn equipment, this guide may also be helpful for organizations that want to consider using additional alternative fueled equipment.

  10. Disciplinary Technologies and Pupil Redisposition: School Equipment and Homework Diaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaborowski, Katrin U.; Breidenstein, Georg

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores disciplinary technologies and pupil redisposition through school and teacher focus on school equipment and homework diaries. During our field research in two contrasting secondary schools, we experienced the importance of missing school equipment to teacher and school control. We also concluded that forgotten or missing school…

  11. Analysis on Technology Roadmap of Agricultural Equipment Industry in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chongjing; TAN; Jin; YE; Shi; YANG

    2014-01-01

    Since the subsidizing agricultural machine purchase was launched in 2004,the agriculture equipment industry in Chongqing has progressed by leaps and bounds,but it is still faced with a few urgent problems,which requires the coordination of stakeholders,with an aim to establish a clear direction of the development of industry and a technology route. With planting industry as an example,this paper applies the principle and method of industry technology roadmap to analyse the market demand,industry target,technology barrier and R & D demand of agricultural equipment industry in Chongqing. Based on the results,the top technology R & D items of agricultural equipment industry in Chongqing are obtained. Finally,the following suggestions are put forward: integrating resources,constructing platform and improving innovation ability; constructing agricultural industry park and promoting clustered development of agricultural equipment industry; strengthening finance and taxation support; strengthening construction of agricultural mechanization infrastructure; substantially developing socialized service of agricultural machinery.

  12. Roadmap for Process Equipment Materials Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2003-10-01

    This Technology Roadmap addresses the ever-changing material needs of the chemical and allied process industries, and the energy, economic and environmental burdens associated with corrosion and other materials performance and lifetime issues. This Technology Roadmap outlines the most critical of these R&D needs, and how they can impact the challenges facing today’s materials of construction.

  13. Developing Public Policies for New Welfare Technologies – A Case Study of Telemedicine and Telehomecare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben

    2012-01-01

    Technology has for long been predicted to be a key development factor in answering the difficult questions on how to secure welfare in industrialised countries as life expectancy increases and the working population and taxpayers diminish. This is particularly assumed for information...... of policies have critical social implications in development of future technology-based welfare systems....... (normalisation). This article provides two case studies from Denmark; one case with hypertension monitoring at a local level and another case on national policy implementation through funding of selected demonstration projects. Among the findings are that policy-making processes certainly face major challenges...

  14. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Engineering & Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-10

    when our machine shop made a fixture from free-hand sketches by an innovative milling machine operator here. It was smaller than a stool , even...aesthetically or ergonomically . The main thing is that it perform its technological function. And if the primary Gidroavtomatika products were to reach the

  15. Super plastic forming technology applied to aeroengine and space equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandai, Katsumi

    1992-03-01

    Titanium alloys, especially Ti-6Al-4V, are widely used for the aeroengine and space equipment because of their high strength ratio and excellent resistance to heat and corrosion. But this material is difficult to manufacture by conventional plastic forming technology. It has been reported that Ti-6Al-4V shows extensive ductility (superplasticity), more than 1000 percent under the condition of both low straining rate and high temperature ranges. Superplastic forming technology applying this characteristic is widely known as one of the most cost-effective methods to save material. At the plant, gas argon blowing equipment for the superplastic forming technology has been developed and 'V2500 nose fairing' and 'fuel tank of the H-II rocket second stage reaction control system' have been manufactured. This paper describes the superplastic forming equipment and the two products above.

  16. Study on Modern Agriculture Equipment and Technology Coordinating Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weilong; WANG; Zulin; DA

    2013-01-01

    As the material foundation of agriculture modernization, the modernization level of agricultural equipment and technology is the significant signal of agricultural modernization, and the advancement of agricultural modernization is the important content of building a well-off society in an all-around way. Upgrading key technology research ability and promoting agricultural mechanization and industry development not only can shorten the gap between agricultural development level in China and that in developed countries, but also can advance the modernization process of China.

  17. Optimal deployment of emissions reduction technologies for construction equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bari, Muhammad Ehsanul; Zietsman, Josias; Quadrifoglio, Luca; Farzaneh, Mohamadreza

    2011-06-01

    The objective of this research was to develop a multiobjective optimization model to deploy emissions reduction technologies for nonroad construction equipment to reduce emissions in a cost-effective and optimal manner. Given a fleet of construction equipment emitting different pollutants in the nonattainment (NA) and near -nonattainment (NNA) counties of a state and a set of emissions reduction technologies available for installation on equipment to control pollution/emissions, the model assists in determining the mix of technologies to be deployed so that maximum emissions reduction and fuel savings are achieved within a given budget. Three technologies considered for emissions reduction were designated as X, Y, and Z to keep the model formulation general so that it can be applied for any other set of technologies. Two alternative methods of deploying these technologies on a fleet of equipment were investigated with the methods differing in the technology deployment preference in the NA and NNA counties. The model having a weighted objective function containing emissions reduction benefits and fuel-saving benefits was programmed with C++ and ILOG-CPLEX. For demonstration purposes, the model was applied for a selected construction equipment fleet owned by the Texas Department of Transportation, located in NA and NNA counties of Texas, assuming the three emissions reduction technologies X, Y, and Z to represent, respectively, hydrogen enrichment, selective catalytic reduction, and fuel additive technologies. Model solutions were obtained for varying budget amounts to test the sensitivity of emissions reductions and fuel-savings benefits with increasing the budget. Different mixes of technologies producing maximum oxides of nitrogen (NO(x)) reductions and total combined benefits (emissions reductions plus fuel savings) were indicated at different budget ranges. The initial steep portion of the plots for NO(x) reductions and total combined benefits against budgets

  18. Exploring resistance to implementation of welfare technology in municipal healthcare services - a longitudinal case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, Etty R; Dugstad, Janne; Eide, Hilde; Gullslett, Monika Knudsen; Eide, Tom

    2016-11-15

    Industrialized and welfare societies are faced with vast challenges in the field of healthcare in the years to come. New technological opportunities and implementation of welfare technology through co-creation are considered part of the solution to this challenge. Resistance to new technology and resistance to change is, however, assumed to rise from employees, care receivers and next of kin. The purpose of this article is to identify and describe forms of resistance that emerged in five municipalities during a technology implementation project as part of the care for older people. This is a longitudinal, single-embedded case study with elements of action research, following an implementation of welfare technology in the municipal healthcare services. Participants included staff from the municipalities, a network of technology developers and a group of researchers. Data from interviews, focus groups and participatory observation were analysed. Resistance to co-creation and implementation was found in all groups of stakeholders, mirroring the complexity of the municipal context. Four main forms of resistance were identified: 1) organizational resistance, 2) cultural resistance, 3) technological resistance and 4) ethical resistance, each including several subforms. The resistance emerges from a variety of perceived threats, partly parallel to, partly across the four main forms of resistance, such as a) threats to stability and predictability (fear of change), b) threats to role and group identity (fear of losing power or control) and c) threats to basic healthcare values (fear of losing moral or professional integrity). The study refines the categorization of resistance to the implementation of welfare technology in healthcare settings. It identifies resistance categories, how resistance changes over time and suggests that resistance may play a productive role when the implementation is organized as a co-creation process. This indicates that the importance of

  19. The effects of improved maize technology on household welfare in Buruku, Benue State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria I. Audu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to determine the welfare effects of improved maize technology in Buruku Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. The study also examined the determinants of the adoption of improved maize technology. Structured questionnaires were used in collecting the primary data for the study. A multi-stage random technique was used in selecting 125 farm households for the study. The Logit and ordinary least square (OLS models were used in analyzing the data. The OLS results show that adoption of improved maize varieties is positively and significantly related to household welfare and thus has contributed to moving farm households out of poverty. Other variables found to be statistically significant in explaining household welfare are education, household size, and landholding. The Logit results show that age, household size, off-farm income, and education were found to be significant in influencing farmers’ adoption decisions. Some robustness checks were performed with different specifications of the Logit and OLS models as well as re-estimation with propensity matching score approach. Overall, the results are robust to different specifications.

  20. Developing Public Policies for New Welfare Technologies – A Case Study of Telemedicine and Telehomecare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben

    2012-01-01

    Technology has for long been predicted to be a key development factor in answering the difficult questions on how to secure welfare in industrialised countries as life expectancy increases and the working population and taxpayers diminish. This is particularly assumed for information and communic......Technology has for long been predicted to be a key development factor in answering the difficult questions on how to secure welfare in industrialised countries as life expectancy increases and the working population and taxpayers diminish. This is particularly assumed for information...... and communication-based technologies (ICT) for homecare and monitoring (telemedicine, telehomecare). Despite major investments and national commitment, public policies have not yet found a general approach to move from technological and clinical opportunity and into large-scale regular use of the technology...... (normalisation). This article provides two case studies from Denmark; one case with hypertension monitoring at a local level and another case on national policy implementation through funding of selected demonstration projects. Among the findings are that policy-making processes certainly face major challenges...

  1. The formalization of innovative processes of food technology equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Panfilov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Improving the efficiency of scientific and engineering work to develop methods for converting agricultural raw materials into food is the most important condition of output processing and food sectors of agriculture in the sixth technological structure. The purpose of this article is to formalize the process of creating a progressive technique of food technologies. The process of self-organizing technological systems, presents a model of dual mechanism of control with regard to the processes of food technology. It is shown that in the process of adaptation development of the technological system as purposefully improving the structure and functioning of the system: increases the efficiency of interaction with the external environment. This smoothed out the contradictions of the technological system and its the main thing, the main technical contradiction: «productivity – quality». The steps to be taken to ensure that the technological system of conditions for intensive development. It is concluded that the potential development of some technological systems is hidden in the perspective of automation, and others – is associated with adaptive development processes, in particular machines, devices and bioreactors. The paper shows that innovative and truly breakthrough developments leading to the creation of fundamentally new equipment and new generations of technological systems, possible only with the establishment of patterns of organization, structure, functioning and development of open systems, which are modern technologies of agriculture. The mechanism of control of technological object acts as a core of adaptive development, which implements the anti-entropic entity management object, formalizing the innovation process of innovative food processing technologies.

  2. Cold Atmospheric Plasma Technology for Decontamination of Space Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Hubertus; Rettberg, Petra; Shimizu, Tetsuji; Thoma, Markus; Morfill, Gregor; Zimmermann, Julia; Müller, Meike; Semenov, Igor

    2016-07-01

    Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) technology is very fast and effective in inactivation of all kinds of pathogens. It is used in hygiene and especially in medicine, since the plasma treatment can be applied to sensitive surfaces, like skin, too. In a first study to use CAP for the decontamination of space equipment we could show its potential as a quite promising alternative to the standard "dry heat" and H2O2 methods [Shimizu et al. Planetary and Space Science, 90, 60-71. (2014)]. In a follow-on study we continue the investigations to reach high application level of the technology. First, we redesign the actual setup to a plasma-gas circulation system, increasing the effectivity of inactivation and the sustainability. Additionally, we want to learn more about the plasma chemistry processes involved in the inactivation. Therefore, we perform detailed plasma and gas measurements and compare them to numerical simulations. The latter will finally be used to scale the decontamination system to sizes useful also for larger space equipment. Typical materials relevant for space equipment will be tested and investigated on surface material changes due to the plasma treatment. Additionally, it is planned to use electronic boards and compare their functionality before and after the CAP expose. We will give an overview on the status of the plasma decontamination project funded by the Bavarian Ministry of Economics.

  3. III-Nitride advanced technologies and equipment for microelectronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrov, S. I.; Alexeev, A. N.; Mamaev, V. V.; Krasovitsky, D. M.; Chaly, V. P.

    2016-12-01

    Using of complex equipment SemiTEq shown in example of a closed cycle of basic technological operations for production of high-power field microwave transistors based on gallium nitride in the "Svetlana-Rost" JSC. Basic technological operations are shown: MBE growth of heterostructures, metal deposition of contacts using electron-beam evaporation system, thermal annealing of ohmic contacts, meza-isolation plasma-chemical etching and dielectric plasma deposition. The main problems during the technological route as well as ways to solve are discussed. In particular, ways to reduce the dislocation density in the active region of the transistor heterostructures grown on the mismatched substrates are described in detail. Special attention given to the homogeneity and reproducibility both after some manufacturing operations and applied to the end product.

  4. Technology of milking with milking robot in relationship to dairy welfare

    OpenAIRE

    KOUTEK, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The theme of this bachelor thesis is focused on evaluation of influence of milking technology by milk machine on welfare milk cow. Ethologic displays of milk cows after milking and various parameters related to milking were found out. The main parameters were the amount of attempts to place teat-cups, the time from milk cow?s entering into the robot to successful placing all four teat-cups, the whole time of milking and the time between every single milking. Further, the need of fluid and foo...

  5. Advanced technology options for industrial heating equipment research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, R.C.

    1992-10-01

    This document presents a strategy for a comprehensive program plan that is applicable to the Combustion Equipment Program of the DOE Office of Industrial Technologies (the program). The program seeks to develop improved heating equipment and advanced control techniques which, by improvements in combustion and beat transfer, will increase energy-use efficiency and productivity in industrial processes and allow the preferred use of abundant, low grade and waste domestic fuels. While the plan development strategy endeavors to be consistent with the programmatic goals and policies of the office, it is primarily governed by the needs and concerns of the US heating equipment industry. The program, by nature, focuses on energy intensive industrial processes. According to the DOE Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), the industrial sector in the US consumed about 21 quads of energy in 1988 in the form of coal, petroleum, natural gas and electricity. This energy was used as fuels for industrial boilers and furnaces, for agricultural uses, for construction, as feedstocks for chemicals and plastics, and for steel, mining, motors, engines and other industrial use over 75 percent of this energy was consumed to provide heat and power for manufacturing industries. The largest consumers of fuel energy were the primary metals, chemical and allied products, paper and allied products, and stone, clay and glass industry groups which accounted for about 60% of the total fuel energy consumed by the US manufacturing sector.

  6. Innovative Mechanical Engineering Technologies, Equipment and Materials-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilnaz Izailovich, Fayrushin; Nail Faikovich, Kashapov; Mahmut Mashutovich, Ganiev

    2014-12-01

    In the period from 25 to 27 September 2013 the city of Kazan hosted the International Scientific Conference "Innovative mechanical engineering technologies, equipment and materials - 2013" (IRTC "IMETEM - 2013"). The conference was held on the grounds of "Kazanskaya Yarmarka" (Kazan). The conference plenary meeting was held with the participation of the Republic of Tatarstan, breakout sessions, forum "Improving the competitiveness and efficiency of engineering enterprises in the WTO" and a number of round tables. Traditionally, the event was followed by the 13th International specialized exhibition "Engineering. Metalworking. Kazan ", in which were presented the development of innovative enterprises in the interests of the Russian Federation of Industry of Republic of Tatarstan, to support the "Foundation for Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises in Science and Technology" and the 8th specialized exhibition "TechnoWelding". Kashapov Nail, D.Sc., professor (Kazan Federal University)

  7. Care to Share? Social innovation through low-budget, high impact welfare technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asboe, Mark; Grönvall, Erik; Lassen, Henry Michael

    2011-01-01

    The Western welfare model is under pressure and finding new ways of providing care is a key issue to maintain a reasonable service level for elderly people spending their last years at a nursing home. Personal care at nursing homes tends to (quite reasonably) have high priority at the expense...... of social activities, thus creating situations where a number of elderly people experience loneliness. This paper presents ongoing work that focuses on developing Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for nursing homes that brings together professional care activities and family initiated care. We...... a successful implementation of more costly technologies. We present a concept named Care to Share? that seeks to bring together professional and family initiated care and that assists in the articulation work of social activities in a nursing home....

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Surgery support system for brain tumors and other conditions (Rationalization for energy profit); 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Noshuyo nado shujutsu shien system (energy shiyo gorika)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    In the second phase of experimental micro-manipulator fabrication, insertion parts equipped with three manipulators and operation input units are built and evaluated. The system comprises three input units and a console with a built-in controller etc., and the console is checked for shape and operability. A high resolution and high brightness stereoscopic viewer is developed for clinical use by surgical operators, and is examined for practicality. The positioning system for the intraoperative vision instrument are improved relative to its attachment method, accuracy, and sterilization tolerance. The result is evaluated, and then further improvement is made. Some functions are added to the surgical planning software program. Software programs are constructed for the real-time control and operation of the viewing system. For the micro-manipulator system to serve as a total system, the forceps are extended, tips are developed for the suction device and incision device, and their functions as members of the system are evaluated. (NEDO)

  9. Precision livestock farming technologies for welfare management in intensive livestock systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berckmans, D

    2014-04-01

    The worldwide demand for meat and animal products is expected to increase by at least 40% in the next 15 years. The first question is how to achieve high-quality, sustainable and safe meat production that can meet this demand. At the same time, livestock production is currently facing serious problems. Concerns about animal health in relation to food safety and human health are increasing. The European Union wants improved animal welfare and has made a significant investment in it. At the same time, the environmental impact of the livestock sector is a major issue. Finally, it is necessary to ask how the farmer, who is the central figure in this process, will make a living from more sustainable livestock production systems. One tool that might provide real opportunities is precision livestock farming (PLF). In contrast to previous approaches, PLF systems aim to offer a real-time monitoring and management system that focuses on improving the life of the animals by warning when problems arise so that the farmer may take immediate action. Continuous, fully automatic monitoring and improvement of animal health and welfare, product yields and environmental impacts should become possible. This paper presents examples of systems that have already been developed in order to demonstrate the potential benefits of this technology.

  10. Technology Roadmaps: Energy-efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    Buildings account for almost a third of final energy consumption globally and are an equally important source of CO2 emissions. Currently, both space heating and cooling as well as hot water are estimated to account for roughly half of global energy consumption in buildings. Energy-efficient and low/zero-carbon heating and cooling technologies for buildings have the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 2 gigatonnes (Gt) and save 710 million tonnes oil equivalent (Mtoe) of energy by 2050. Most of these technologies -- which include solar thermal, combined heat and power (CHP), heat pumps and thermal energy storage -- are commercially available today. The Energy-Efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment Roadmap sets out a detailed pathway for the evolution and deployment of the key underlying technologies. It finds that urgent action is required if the building stock of the future is to consume less energy and result in lower CO2 emissions. The roadmap concludes with a set of near-term actions that stakeholders will need to take to achieve the roadmap's vision.

  11. Technology review of commercial food service equipment - final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rahbar, S.; Krsikapa, S. [Canadian Gas Research Inst., Don Mills, ON (Canada); Fisher, D.; Nickel, J.; Ardley, S.; Zabrowski, D. [Fisher Consultants (Canada); Barker, R.F. [ed.

    1996-05-15

    Market and technical information on gas fired equipment used in the commercial food service sector in Canada and in each province or territory was presented. Results of a market study and technology review were integrated to establish energy consumption and energy saving potential in this sector. Eight categories of commercial cooking appliances were studied. They were: fryers, griddles, broilers, ranges, ovens, tilting skillets, steam kettles and steamers. Focus was on gas fired appliances, although electric appliances were also included. The total energy consumption of the appliances was estimated at 76,140.37 GBtu in 1994. Gas appliances accounted for 63 per cent of the total inventory and consumed 83 per cent of the total energy used. Cooking energy efficiencies for the gas fired commercial cooking equipment ranged from 10 per cent to 60 per cent. The electric appliances had cooking energy efficiencies ranging from 35 per cent to 95 per cent. A list of recommendations were made for the many opportunities to introduce higher efficiency commercial cooking appliances, essential to slow down or to stabilize the energy consumption of cooking appliances over the next decade. 66 refs., 14 tabs., 18 figs.

  12. Assessment of conducting polymer applications in power equipment technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoch, K.F. Jr.; Bennett, A.I.; Burghardt, R.R.; Cookson, A.H.; Kennedy, W.N.; Oommen, T.V.; Saunders, H.E.; Smith, J.D.B.; Voshall, R.E. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA)); Fort, E.M. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (USA)); Robbins, B. (Reynolds Metals Co., Richmond, VA (USA))

    1991-05-01

    This report describes for the first time the state-of-the-art in conducting polymer technology specifically relating to electric power apparatus for transmission, distribution and generation. Thirty-two new applications in power equipment are proposed and assessed. The areas of the proposed applications include solid dielectric cable, oil-filled cable, capacitors, transformers, rotating machines, bushings, surge supressors, vacuum interrupters, gas-insulated equipment, and miscellaneous applications. The best applications will result in improved reliability and efficiency, design innovations, and simpler manufacturing procedures by taking advantage of the particular characteristics of conducting polymers. These characteristics include good control of conductivity over a range of 10{sup {minus}8} to 10{sup 3} S/cm, compatibility with organic compounds, simple preparation and development of anisotropic conductivity by polymer orientation. The proposed applications were evaluated according to technical impact, probability of success, economic impact, and time frame for implementation. The state-of-the-art of conducting polymers is also reviewed and areas requiring further research for these applications are discussed. Because of substantial recent progress is developing more practical conducting polymer materials, now is an excellent time to pursue the additional research needed. 37 refs., 16 figs., 15 tabs.

  13. Latest Technologies and Equipment to Obtain High Quality Drinking Water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goncharuk, V.V.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A principally new concept of providing the Ukrainian population with quality drinking water have been proposed. It is based on a system of autonomous complexes for water purification in places of direct consumption. Water treatment autonomous complexes for collective and individual use with biotesting and analytical quality control of drinking water have been developed. The choice of the cleaning methods of tap and other waters up to the quality of genetic safe is performed in accordance with its composition and is based on a block concept that provides the possibility of varying the number of units depending on the composition of the source water. The proposed technology and equipment at cost and complex problems to be solved have no analogues in the world. Over thousand of modular installations «Vega» and disinfecting vehicles «Promin» are implemented in many settlement in all regions of Ukraine.

  14. Smart technologies for detecting animal welfare status and delivering health remedies for rangeland systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutter, S M

    2014-04-01

    Although the emerging field of precision livestock farming (PLF) is predominantly associated with intensive animal production, there is increasing interest in applying smart technologies in extensive rangeland systems. Precision livestock farming technologies bring the possibility of closely monitoring the behaviour, liveweight and other parameters of individual animals in free-ranging systems. 'Virtual fencing', ideally based on positive reinforcement, i.e. rewarding animals for moving in a specified direction, has the potential to gently guide foraging livestock towards areas of vegetation identified by remote sensing. As well as reducing hunger, this could be integrated with weather forecasting to help ensure that animals are automatically directed to areas with appropriate shelter when adverse weather is forecast. The system could also direct animals towards handling facilities when required, reducing the fear and distress associated with being mustered. The integration of the various data collected by such a 'virtual shepherd' system should be able to rapidly detect disease and injury, and sick animals could then be automatically shepherded to an enclosure for treatment. In general, rangeland livestock already have the freedom to express normal behaviour, but PLF technologies could facilitate this. By bringing levels of monitoring and control normally associated with intensive production to rangeland systems, PLF has the potential, with appropriate adoption, to enhance the capacity of rangeland livestock production systems to meet key areas of welfare concern highlighted by the Five Freedoms.

  15. Research Group Introduction : Welfare System Laboratory, Dept.of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Chiba Institute of Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    関, 弘和

    Welfare system laboratory in Chiba Institute of Technology consists of twenty students. The research subjects include the driving control system of electric powered wheelchairs, myoelectric hand control based on EMG signal analysis and non-daily behavior detection monitoring system for elderly people.

  16. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Survey consigned to NEDO of the development of energy use rationalization home welfare equipment systems; 1997 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa. Itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of constructing new home welfare equipment systems of an energy effective use type, an investigational analysis was conducted of characteristics of the structure of houses considered of aged people, characteristics of the use of home welfare equipment, etc. As to the subject on space warming/cooling, it was found that the hour of stay-at-home of the aged tends to be longer, and the hour to be required for warming/cooling is longer, that the aged gradually lose senses regarding the peripheral environmental temperature, and the temperature to be considered should be at warmer/cooler levels, and that they are weak in heat shock, and the space of house where the temperature is uneven should be removed. Further, from the study in each welfare techno-house, possibilities were pointed out of further energy conservation in houses considered of the aged and home welfare equipment systems like the weight reduction of home welfare equipment systems and reduction of stand-by power, high air-tightness/high thermal insulation of houses for the aged, use of waste heat from air conditioners, introduction of solar energy to stand-by power and electrically-driven wheel chairs. 257 figs., 89 tabs.

  17. DESIGNING FEATURES OF POWER OPTICAL UNITS FOR TECHNOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Y. Afanasiev

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the question of an optical unit designing for transmitting power laser radiation through an optical fiber. The aim of this work is designing a simple construction unit with minimized reflection losses. The source of radiation in the optical unit described below is an ultraviolet laser with diode pumping. We present the general functioning scheme and designing features for the three main parts: laser beam deflecting system, laser beam dump and optical unit control system. The described laser beam deflection system is composed of a moving flat mirror and a spherical scattering mirror. Comparative analysis of the production technology for such mirrors was carried out, and, as a result, the decision was made to produce both mirrors of 99.99 % pure molybdenum without coating. A moving mirror deflects laser emission from a source through a fiber or deflects it on a spherical mirror and into the laser beam dump, moreover, switching from one position to another occurs almost immediately. It is shown that a scattering mirror is necessary, otherwise, the absorbing surface of the beam dump is being worn out irregularly. The laser beam dump is an open conical cavity, in which the conical element with its spire turned to the emission source is placed. Special microgeometry of the internal surface of the beam dump is suggested for the better absorption effect. An optical unit control system consists of a laser beam deflection system, laser temperature sensor, deflection system solenoid temperature sensor, and deflection mirror position sensor. The signal processing algorithm for signals coming from the sensors to the controller is described. The optical unit will be used in special technological equipment.

  18. Effects of climate uncertainties on welfare optimal investment streams into mitigation technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Held, H.; Kriegler, E.; Lessmann, K.; Lorenz, A.

    2009-04-01

    We discuss a stylised portfolio of climate change mitigation options and ask the following question: what is the intertemporally optimal mix of these options under the boundary condition of a climate guardrail and uncertainty about the temperature response to rising carbon dioxide concentrations? We impose a guardrail that requires the increase of global mean temperature T to be limited to 2K with at least a minimum probability P (e.g., P=0.75). The uncertainty about the temperature response is captured by a PDF for climate sensitivity and ocean heat uptake. For economic optimisation, we use an ensemble-version of the growth model MIND [1]. As a key results we show that robust climate protection paths will require aggressive mitigation measures [2]. In this context it is also possible to ask for the economic potential of reducing uncertainty in climate sensitivity [3] and ocean heat uptake [4] that is generically by orders of magnitude larger than the costs induced by the related research programmes. References [1] O. Edenhofer., N. Bauer, E. Kriegler: The Impact of Technological Change on Climate Protection and Welfare: Insights from the Model MIND. Ecological Economics, 54 (2-3): 277-292 (2005). [2] H. Held, E. Kriegler, K. Lessmann, O. Edenhofer, Efficient Climate Policies under Technology and Climate Uncertainty, Energy Economics, in press. [3] T. Schneider von Deimling, H. Held, A. Ganopolski, S. Rahmstorf, Climate sensitivity estimated from ensemble simulations of glacial climates, Climate Dynamics 27, 149-163, DOI 10.1007/s00382-006-0126-8 (2006). [4] A. Lorenz, Diploma Thesis, U Potsdam (2007).

  19. Technology review of commercial food service equipment - final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rahbar, S.; Krsikapa, S. [Canadian Gas Research Inst., Don Mills, ON (Canada); Fisher, D.; Nickel, J.; Ardley, S.; Zabrowski, D. [Fisher Consultants (Canada); Barker, R.F. [ed.

    1996-05-15

    Technical information on commercial gas cooking appliances was presented. This second volume provided an appliance-by-appliance comprehensive assessment of the energy performance of commercial food service equipment. Energy assessments were made for the following categories of cooking equipment: fryers, griddles, broilers, ranges, Chinese ranges, ovens, steamers, steam kettles, and braising pans. Recommendations were made for improving the energy efficiency and overall performance of gas appliances to support of the Canadian gas utilities marketing and energy conservation initiatives. 71 refs., 37 tabs., 58 figs.

  20. Municipal solid waste disposal by using metallurgical technologies and equipments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiuju Cai, Wenqiang Sun

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pyrolysis of municipal solid waste can take full advantage of energy and resource and avoid producing hazardous material during this period. In combination with mature metallurgical technologies of coking by coke oven, regenerative flame furnace technology and melting by electric arc furnace, technologies of regenerative fixed bed pyrolysis technology for household waste, co-coking technology for waste plastic and blend coal, and incineration ash melting technology by electric arc technology for medical waste were respectively developed to improve current unsatisfied sorting status of waste. The investigation results of laboratory experiments, semi-industrial experiments and industrial experiments as well as their economic benefits and environmental benefits for related technologies were separately presented.

  1. Technologcal Literacy in welfare professions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busch-Jensen, Peter; Kondrup, Sissel

    to be ‘welfare technological literate’ – both generally as well as within specific welfare professions. Secondly to support the development of a helpful educational framework that enables students to develop welfare technological literacy. This paper discusses some difficulties and preliminary findings...

  2. Care to Share? Social innovation through low-budget, high impact welfare technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asboe, Mark; Grönvall, Erik; Lassen, Henry Michael

    2011-01-01

    The Western welfare model is under pressure and finding new ways of providing care is a key issue to maintain a reasonable service level for elderly people spending their last years at a nursing home. Personal care at nursing homes tends to (quite reasonably) have high priority at the expense of ...

  3. United States geothermal technology: Equipment and services for worldwide applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    This document has two intended audiences. The first part, ``Geothermal Energy at a Glance,`` is intended for energy system decision makers and others who are interested in wide ranging aspects of geothermal energy resources and technology. The second part, ``Technology Specifics,`` is intended for engineers and scientists who work with such technology in more detailed ways. The glossary at the end of the document defines many of the specialized terms. A directory of US geothermal industry firms who provide goods and services for clients around the world is available on request.

  4. Offshore Equipment Industry Won the First Prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The "key design and manufacturing technology of deep sea cylinder type drilling unit with high stability" researched and developed by COSCOShipyard Group Co., Ltd. won the first prize of 2011 annual national science and technology progress award in the national science and technology awards conference held on February 14, 2012. This is the first national technology award for domestic offshore engineering equipment manufacturing enterprises, which indicates that China's deep sea drilling equipment design has achieved significant breakthrough. It will promote the development of advanced offshore engineering manufacturing industry, and will have profound influence on China's deep sea energy development strategy and national energy security strategy.

  5. Scientific Bases of Innovation Technology of Drill-Hole Equipment by Cryogenic-Gravel Filters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Коzhevnikov, А.А.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing technologies of cryogenic-gravel filter element and equipment of drill-hole water receiving part by a cryogenic-gravel filter are described. Compoundings of mineral binder and cryogenically-gravel composition are substantiated. Patterns of physical fields influence on the change of their properties and technological operations of equipping drill-hole water receiving part on changes of physical, mechanical, thermal and technological properties of experimental cryogenic gravel filter element are established. Parameters of delivery technology of cryogenicgravel filter to drill-hole water receiving part are theoretically and experimentally worked out.

  6. 77 FR 41930 - Bleed Air Cleaning and Monitoring Equipment and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... an opportunity to participate in #0;the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules. #0; #0... Equipment and Technology ACTION: Notice; request for information. SUMMARY: The FAA seeks information from industry developers, manufacturers, and the public related to effective air cleaning technology and...

  7. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Sapporo); 2000 nendo Welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Sapporo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Activities are conducted on system technologies for ensuring comfortable living circumstances and thereby helping aged or handicapped people live independently in snowy cold regions. The research and development efforts center about the three fields of (1) in-house systems to help aged or handicapped people live an independent life, (2) in-home care equipment systems suitable for advanced welfare oriented residences, and (3) user interface controllers to improve on operating sensation in a motor driven wheelchair. In field (1), studies involve the development of low floor residences for snowy cold regions, improvement on entrances for independent residences helping the inhabitants lead an independent life, and functionally excellent designs for handrails for steps, stairs, or bathrooms. In field (2), surveys are conducted concerning design improvements and their acceptability relative to a universal welfare equipment controller, optimum sound that welfare equipment alarms should produce, and transfer devices. In field (3), studies are made about motor driven wheelchair controllers. (NEDO)

  8. Equipment Maintenance: Interservice of Technical Manuals and Related Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    TX 78241-5990 (d) Sacramento ALC/MMEDT McClellan AFB CA 95652-5990 (e) Warner Robins ALC/MMEDT Robins AFB GA 31098-5990 Appendix B Attachment 2 Section...the chairperson, Interservice Group on the Exchange of Technical Manual Technology, HQ AFLC/MMERD, Wright-Patter- son AFB OH 45433-5001. b. Joint...MMEDU, Tinker AFB OK 73145- 5979, except when the requesting activity has an assigned Technical Order Distribution Office (TODO) Code (Account). b

  9. Technology and equipment for processing diamond materials of modern electronics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mityagin A. Yu.

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The methods of selection and sorting of diamonds according to their physical properties by modern physical methods of the analysis are developed, as well as the technologies of precision laser cutting of diamonds, their processing on a basis of thermochemical reactions in gas environment. The experimental installation for polishing and grinding of diamond plates, installation for slicing, installation for plasma-chemical processing are created. The techniques of surface roughness measurement of the processed plates and control of roughness parameters are developed. Some experimental results are given.

  10. Frontiers of Offshore Oil Equipment and Engineering Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ From a worldwide perspective, offshore gas and oil fields account for about 60% of the total. At present, more than 100 countries are going in for offshore oil and gas exploration, among which over 50 countries are exploring ocean floor. With the continuous innovation of engineering technology, the exploration of submarine oil and gas will develop toward deep water area. The reserves are expected to continue to increase in the future. The discovery rate of oil and gas in China's sea area merely amounts to 18.5% and 9.2% respectively. Compared with land exploration,offshore exploration has a great potential.

  11. Putting agricultural equipment and digital technologies at the cutting edge of agroecology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bellon Maurel Véronique

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The agro-ecological transition is an ambitious challenge. It can be met by implementing the fundamentals of agroecology (use of biodiversity, integration of agriculture in landscapes, closure of flow loops in the context of a broad and renewed offer of technologies: agro-equipment, biotechnology, digital technologies… This article explores the role that agro-equipment and digital services can play in this transition. These technologies contribute through various levers to the agro-ecological transition: by improving farming efficiency (more service rendered for the same environmental impact, by precision farming (adaptation of the operations to the needs of the plant or the animal based on a monitoring–diagnosis–recommendation cycle and by the development of specialized machinery helping the farmer to achieve “flow loop-closing” (at the plot level, by maintaining the soil quality, or at the farm level, with the recycling of organic effluents or to take advantage of biodiversity (e.g., with agro-equipment adapted to mixed crops. The technological bricks that are requested and for which advances are expected are: sensors (to measure plant or animal needs and associated digital technologies (information transfer, data processing, precision technologies for input application, robotics, specialized machines to manage soil cover and weeds, or for agroforestry. The brakes and engines for innovation in agro-equipment are studied. The brakes are the generally small structure of the farm manufacturing companies, the deficit of the demand from farmers and the complexity − either real or perceived − of these equipments. To encourage innovation, several levers are to be used: involving users in the design of agro-equipments, creating financial incentives for innovative equipment purchase, and training end-users, prescribers and dealers to the high potential of these new technologies. In conclusion, putting agro-equipment and digital technology

  12. Understanding attitudes toward information and communication technology in home-care: Information and communication technology as a market good within Norwegian welfare services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Øyen, Karianne Røssummoen; Sunde, Olivia Sissil; Solheim, Marit; Moricz, Sara; Ytrehus, Siri

    2017-05-16

    The aim of this study was to better understand nurses' and other staff members' attitudes toward the usefulness of information and communication technology in home-care settings. Research has found that beliefs about the expected benefits of information and communication technology impact the use of technology. Furthermore, inexperience with using information and communication technology may cause negative attitudes. This article is based on a questionnaire to 155 nurses and other staff members in home-care in Sogn og Fjordane county in Norway. The results revealed minimal use of information and communication technology at work; however, participants had positive attitudes regarding the potential benefits of information and communication technology use in home-care. Individuals' extensive use of and familiarity with different solutions in private lives could be an important context for explaining employees' attitudes. Given that information and communication technology is both a welfare service and a market good, this may explain individuals' positive attitudes toward information and communication technology despite their lack of experience with it at work. Experiences with information and communication technology as a market good and the way new technologies can affect work routines will affect the implementation of information and communication technology in home-care.

  13. Composite technology in radar equipment. Dopler Meteo radar reflector device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Shumov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted features of the application composite materials in radar technology for example adjustment of the development technology of the reflector antenna device DMRL-S - radar for monitoring meteorological conditions.Russian and foreign analogues DMRL-S are made of aluminum, which no longer meets modern requirements for strength and weight. Also aluminum reflectors are not temperature stable. Composite materials are characterized by higher values of specific characteristics: temporary resistance, endurance limit, stiffness, elastic modulus, and less prone to cracking. The use of such materials improves the strength, rigidity and durability.For the manufacture of the DMRL-C reflector used composite materials based on epoxy resins reinforced with fiberglass (both unidirectional and woven. To increase the rigidity and weight reflector is made in the form of three-layer sandwich fiberglass panels with honeycomb core variable height. Design work was carried out in a CAD Siemens NX8.0 / Unigraphics, through which was established mathematical model layered reflector, as well as all accessories used in the manufacture. With the program NX Nastran was held strength calculation and analysis of stiffness on the finite element method.After the manufacture of the product, we measured the standard deviation of the working surface of the reflector from the theoretical surface using a three-dimensional laser scanner. Measurements were made at different angular positions of the reflector, and when loading. It is shown that the maximum strain in the operating modes of operation across the surface of the product does not exceed 4%, which will provide the most accurate operation of the product in any position of the antenna system.As a result of this work reflector design was developed, created and verified by experimental data calculation model. Reflector antenna device of the DMRL-S was manufactured and tested. The reflector was made of reinforced

  14. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MODERN LOGISTICS OF MILITARY SYSTEMS/EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile ŞERBĂNESCU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The nations that achieve cyberpower will command influence in global affairs economically, culturally, militarily, and politically in the decades ahead. Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyberspace to operational concepts to accomplish military objectives and missions, and influence operations, as well as warfighting. Infotronics Technologies intertwine advanced information and electronics systems intelligence and enable autonomous business functions and objectives through the use of internet and other tether-free technologies (i.e. wireless, web,…. The modern logistics of military systems / equipment imply core technologies such as Watchdog Agent for Predictive Prognostics, Web-enabled Smart D2B (device to business, Platform and Tools for Data Transformation, Optimization, and Synchronization, Applied Wireless Technologies and Logistics Infotronics Agent (LIA. The hereby article argues that traceability, predictability and diagnosticability through advanced technologies will lead the armed forces to the life cycle logistics approach for interoperability and optimal cost of military systems / equipment.

  15. DECISION ANALYSIS SCIENCE MODELING FOR APPLICATION AND FIELDING SELECTION APPLIED TO EQUIPMENT DISMANTLEMENT TECHNOLOGIES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

    1999-01-01

    The dismantlement of radioactively contaminated process equipment is a major concern during the D&D process. There are an estimated 1,200 buildings in the DOE-EM complex that will require the dismantlement of equipment and various metal structures. As buildings undergo the D&D process, this metallic equipment contaminated with radionuclides such as uranium and plutonium must be size-reduced before final disposal. A single information source comparing dismantlement technologies in the areas of safety, cost, and performance is needed by DOE managers and is not currently available. The selection of the appropriate technologies to meet the dismantlement objectives for a given site is a difficult process in the absence of comprehensive and comparable data. Choosing the wrong technology could result in increased exposure of personnel to contaminants and an increase in D&D project costs. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate commercially available and innovative technologies for equipment dismantlement and provide a comprehensive source of information to the D&D community in the areas of technology performance, cost, and health and safety.

  16. Technological Process and Equipment for Electric-local Softening Soil of Different Strength and Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizun, A.R.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Electric-discharge technology for soil local softening is developed; the pre-production model of mobile high-energy electric-discharge generator with the controlled energy release is produced. Application of the proposed equipment and technology will allow essentially reduce construction materials and cost of the installation and construction works, in particular, capital investments in alternative energy, industrial, residential construction, and hydraulic engineering in general.

  17. TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT IN THE PUBLIC HEALTH SECTOR: PROFESSIONAL VIEW FROM EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE EXPERTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.O. Kachieng’a

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available South Africa has tried various strategies to improve access, quality and cost-efficiency in the health care delivery systems. However it is clear that the optimal approach has yet to be found. It has been recognised that health technology is an important element of this transformation, and will continue to play a vital role.
    It is almost evident that the way health technology is managed in health care institutions directly affects the quality of treatment patients receive. Although strategic importance of technology in health care has been documented widely in scientific literature; technology planning, procurement and management have not received the attention they deserve in the transformation of health care services in the country.
    The survey discussed in this paper investigated health care equipment maintenance problems and associated technological constraints from point of view of health technology managers, biomedical and clinical engineers. It also provides recommendations for competitive utilisation of technology in the public health sector.

  18. Design and farm animal welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, W T

    1976-07-24

    Farm animal welfare and the design of farm buildings and equipment are interrelated. The animals' requirements and preferences should first be estimated and ways in which this can be done are discussed, as are methods of assessment of their environment. Some examples of the influence which housing and equipment design can have are given. Attention is drawn to the difficulties inherent in the assessment of farm animal welfare and the postulation made that the veterinarian is well fitted to carry out such assessments.

  19. New development of longwall mining equipment based on automation and intelligent technology for thin seam coal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo-fa WANG

    2013-01-01

    The paper introduced complete sets of automatic equipment and technology used in thin seam coal face,and proposed the comprehensive mechanization and automation of safe and high efficiency mining models based on the thin seam drum shearer.The key technology of short length and high power thin seam drum shearer,and new type roof support with big extension ratio and plate canopy were introduced.The new research achievement on automatic control system of complete sets of equipment for the thin seam coal,which composed of electronic-hydraulic system,compact thin seam roof supports,high effective shearer with intelligent control system,and characterized by automatical follow-up and remote control technology,was described in this paper..

  20. Wanted: rotary drilling technology for in situ mining systems. [Suggestions for imaginative use of technology and equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laswell, G.W.

    1976-01-01

    It is pointed out that although available equipment and technology are not adequate for the varied requirements of the long-range in-situ recovery of our natural resources, effective programs can be accomplished now with innovative drill programs and equipment planning. The necessity of considering new and unusual techniques in order to ensure the success of an in-situ recovery program is emphasized. Three drilling concepts that are not being utilized but have in-situ applicability are discussed. They are underreaming, or chambering, dual-concentric drillpipe, and downhole tricone percussion. Various circulation media for use with in-situ drilling methods are discussed. (JGB)

  1. ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN CUTTING PROCESS OF COMPONENT BILLET SURFACE ON ANALYSIS BASIS FOR ENERGY-CONSUMPTION INDICES OF TECHNOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Adamenko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper contains investigation results and proposes a method for calculation of optimum cutting rate. The method takes into account energy-consumption indices of technological equipment that permits to improve technological energy efficiency of cutting process.

  2. Gunite and Associated Tanks Treatability Study Equipment Testing at the Tanks Technology Cold Test Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burks, BL

    2001-02-27

    This report provides a summary of the cold tests performed on the equipment to be used in the Gunite and Associated Tanks Treatability Study. The testing was performed from June 1996 to May 1997 at the Tanks Technology Cold Test Facility located at the 7600 complex at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Testing of specific equipment grouped into the following sections: (1) Modified Light-Duty Utility Arm Testing, (2) Remotely Operated Vehicle Testing, (3) Waste Dislodging and Conveyance System and Balance of Plant Equipment Testing, (4) Camera and Lighting System Testing, and (5) Characterization End-Effector Testing. Each section contains descriptions of a series of tests that summarize the test objectives, testing performed, and test results. General conclusions from the testing are also provided.

  3. Improving the Thermal Testing Technology of Technological Equipment of Autonomous Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Chugunkov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The environmental conditions of autonomous objects of different-purpose technical complexes are in close relationship with increased values of operating temperatures. This requires thermal pretesting of the process equipment. The publication [1] considers the thermal test conditions in which the equipment elements under test are placed in a heated water tank covered by the globe insulators where, under automatic temperature control using a block of heaters, they are then kept for a specified period of time at a specified temperature range. Such an approach to the thermal tests of equipment allows us to reduce, but not eliminate completely the mass flows of water from evaporation with reducing power consumption of test equipment.Despite the results achieved, even a little bit of water vapor available when conducting the thermal tests may cause a failure of equipment. Therefore, there is a need in test equipment modernization for complete eliminating the fluxes of mass water and better power consumption in the test process. To this end, it is proposed to place a three-layer bubble wrap on the open surface of water.To justify an efficiency of the proposed option was developed a mathematical model of heat and mass transfer processes that occur during thermal tests, taking into account the geometric and thermo-physical characteristics of test tank, polymer film, and equipment. Using the laws and equations of heat and mass transfer enabled us to determine the required capacities for heating the tank with water and equipment to the required temperature range for a specified time, as well as the mass flows of water when evaporating from the tank surface.The efficiency of the three-layer bubble film as compared with the globe insulators as the elements for covering the test tank the surface has been analysed on the basis of the results obtained.The proposed film coating allowed almost complete elimination of evaporation losses of water mass and almost 8

  4. Use of technological equipment in critical care units: nurses' perceptions in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiekkas, Panagiotis; Karga, Maria; Poulopoulou, Maria; Karpouhtsi, Irini; Papadoulas, Vasileios; Koutsojannis, Constantinos

    2006-02-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of nurses who work in critical care units about positive and negative effects related to the use of technological equipment and identify relationships between these perceptions and demographic characteristics of participants. Previous researchers have investigated the perceptions of nursing personnel about the effects of technology on clinical practice. However, most of them focus on specific negative effects. Positive and negative effects have never been studied as a whole. Critical care nurses were surveyed to elicit their perceptions regarding the use of technological equipment. The instrument comprised a 14-item questionnaire and a series of demographic characteristics. A five-point Likert scale was used for each of these 14 questions. The questionnaire was administered to 122 nurses working at the four critical care units of a major academic hospital in Patras, Greece, from 1/10/2003 to 31/12/2003. The completion of the questionnaires was achieved by means of a personal interview. A total of 118 questionnaires were completed. The majority of nurses recognized the positive effects of equipment regarding patient care and clinical practice. At the same time, they agreed that use of equipment possibly leads to increased risk due to human errors or mechanical faults, increased stress and restricted autonomy of nursing personnel. The use of machines does not add to nursing prestige and this may be related to decreased autonomy. Human errors, mechanical faults and increased stress do not seem to come as a result of time constriction but rather of inadequate education. Undergraduate and continuing education should respond efficiently to the needs of contemporary critical care. Recognition of positive and negative effects of machines through the investigation of perceptions of nurses is the first step before looking for ways of maximizing advantages and facing disadvantages of equipment use.

  5. Development of an Improved Process for Installation Projects of High Technology Manufacturing Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quintana, Sarah V. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2014-04-30

    High technology manufacturing equipment is utilized at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to support nuclear missions. This is undertaken from concept initiation where equipment is designed and then taken through several review phases, working closely with system engineers (SEs) responsible for each of the affected systems or involved disciplines (from gasses to HVAC to structural, etc.). After the design is finalized it moves to procurement and custom fabrication of the equipment and equipment installation, including all of the paperwork involved. Not only are the engineering and manufacturing aspects important, but also the scheduling, financial forecasting, and planning portions that take place initially and are sometimes modified as the project progresses should requirements, changes or additions become necessary. The process required to complete a project of this type, including equipment installation, is unique and involves numerous steps to complete. These processes can be improved and recent work on the Direct Current Arc (DC Arc) Glovebox Design, Fabrication and Installation Project provides an opportunity to identify some important lessons learned (LL) that can be implemented in the future for continued project improvement and success.

  6. The application of active noise control technology to reduce noise from air pollution control equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Depies, C. R.; Kapsos, D. W.

    1996-08-01

    The basic concept of active noise control, i. e. to create a noise field in a space in order to destructively interfere with an existing noise, and in the process create a quieter space, was explained. The manner in which noise control technology can be used in air pollution control equipment was described and guidelines for application were provided. A number of case studies were used to illustrate the suitability of active noise control for low frequency noise problems, especially in the area of air pollution control equipment. Impressive reduction of low frequency noise, energy efficiency, ability to retrofit into an existing duct system, and the hardware`s insensitivity to dirty exhaust environments were cited as the principal reasons for the success of active noise control technology over more traditional in-line passive silencers. 1 ref., 8 figs.

  7. [Survey of analytical work done for drugs at the emergency and critical care centers equipped with high-performance instruments provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (at present: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) in fiscal 1998].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hori, Yasushi; Iseki, Ken; Suzuki, Koichiro; Namera, Akira; Fukumoto, Mariko; Fuke, Chiaki; Mori, Hiromi; Soma, Kazui

    2010-09-01

    A questionnaire was sent to 73 emergency and critical care centers where high-performance instruments for analyzing drugs and chemicals were provided by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (currently Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare) in fiscal 1998. 52 centers (71.2%) responded to the questionnaire. Among these, the instruments have been in operation at 36 centers. This means that analytical work has been performed in at least 49.3% (36/73) of facilities with the instruments. A positive correlation was observed between the annual number of patients tested for drugs and chemicals and analytical work hours at the 36 facilities. The results indicated that 150 cases may be tested for drugs and chemicals in a year on the condition that 100 hours a month of analytical work are secured, and 200 or more cases may be tested if 200 hours a month are secured. As for the running costs required for the operation of the instruments, the instrument maintenance and repair cost was estimated at 2 million yen a year, and it was calculated that 100 cases could be handled with a maximum annual supply expense of 1 million yen and 150 cases could be handled with a maximum annual supply expense of 2 million yen. These results suggest that the instrument running cost would be fully covered at nationwide emergency and critical care centers if the additional 5,000 NHI points (1 point = 10 yen) for hospital admission, which is approved for advanced emergency and critical care centers, were applicable to all facilities. Among the 36 facilities, the implementation of analysis varied for each of the 15 toxic substances recommended for analysis by the Japanese Society for Clinical Toxicology. Further research will be necessary to investigate and assess the frequency of analysis requests and combination of simple qualitative and instrumental analyses for each of the 15 substances, in order to evaluate the approach to the 15 substances in analytical work.

  8. Welfare Effects of Agricultural Technology adoption: the case of improved groundnut varieties in rural Malawi

    OpenAIRE

    Simtowe, Franklin; Kassie, Menale; Asfaw, Solomon; Shiferaw, Bekele A.; Monyo, Emmanuel; Siambi, Moses

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies a program evaluation technique to assess the causal effect of the adoption of improved groundnut technologies on consumption expenditure and poverty measured by headcount, poverty gap and poverty severity indices. The paper is based on a cross-sectional farm household level data collected in 2008 from a sample of 594 households in rural Malawi. A sensitivity analysis is conducted to test the robustness of the propensity score based results using the rbounds test and the mea...

  9. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION COATINGS AND COATING EQUIPMENT PROGRAM (ETV CCEP), FINAL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS GROUP TAGNITE--TESTING AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN (T/QAP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The overall objective of the Environmental Testing and Verification Coatings and Coating Equipment Program is to verify pollution prevention and performance characteristics of coating technologies and make the results of the testing available to prospective coating technology use...

  10. Photovoltaics as a renewable energy technology in Bangladesh and its potential for increasing welfare, gender equity, and environmental sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Sarwat

    Situated in the northeast corner of the South Asian sub-continent, Bangladesh is a developing country with high population density, low life expectancy, low rate of literacy and extremely low access to modern energy sources. Lack of access to electrification remains a major constraint to the country's economic development. In this context, as in other countries, Bangladeshi development practitioners have tended to pursue outputs that rely on new technologies as a means to leapfrog to higher levels of development. However, independent analysis of such efforts, in terms of achieving sustainable development outcomes, remains lacking. The full potential of renewable energy technologies in Bangladesh has yet to attract widespread recognition from policy makers. In this thesis, I review solar PV technology since it has already been attempted as a rural off-grid electrification option in Bangladesh. I argue that the applications of technology should follow, and not precede, considerations for human well-being. It is also important to have a more holistic perspective on human welfare, which should include the basic dimensions of choice and opportunities, and not just income levels. The Government of Bangladesh and its development partners need to expand support to renewable energy technologies and so redirect the focus of policy formulation and implementation to sustainable human development. I emphasize that people-centered public policy has a key role to play in the introduction of a technology such as the solar photovoltaics pioneered by Grameen Shakti, a not-for-profit company in Bangladesh. While equity in terms of a fair distribution of wealth and income may continue to be an illusion, innovations such as solar PV are indeed promising with respect to opening up opportunities and possible benefits for women, the environment and---more generally---human well-being. This thesis is based on work in rural areas complementary to various professional responsibilities that I

  11. Development of mining technology and equipment for seafloor massive sulfide deposits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shaojun; Hu, Jianhua; Zhang, Ruiqiang; Dai, Yu; Yang, Hengling

    2016-09-01

    Seafloor massive sulfide(SMS) deposits which consist of Au, Ag, Cu, and other metal elements, have been a target of commercial mining in recent decades. The demand for established and reliable commercial mining system for SMS deposits is increasing within the marine mining industry. The current status and progress of mining technology and equipment for SMS deposits are introduced. First, the mining technology and other recent developments of SMS deposits are comprehensively explained and analyzed. The seafloor production tools manufactured by Nautilus Minerals and similar mining tools from Japan for SMS deposits are compared and discussed in turn. Second, SMS deposit mining technology research being conducted in China is described, and a new SMS deposits mining tool is designed according to the environmental requirement. Finally, some new trends of mining technology of SMS deposits are summarized and analyzed. All of these conclusions and results have reference value and guiding significance for the research of SMS deposit mining in China.

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION COATINGS AND COATING EQUIPMENT PROGRAM (ETV CCEP) HIGH TRANSFER EFFICIENCE SPRAY EQUIPMENT--GENERIC VERIFICATION PROTOCOL

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program has been established to verify the performance characteristics of innovative environmental technologies and report this objective information, thus, accelerating the entrance of these new technologies into the marketplace. V...

  13. Operation and technology development of the radioactive xenon and krypton detection equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Wanno; Choi, Sangdo; Ji, Youngyong; Lim, Jong Myoung; Cho, Young Hyun; Kang, Han Beul; Lee, Hoon; Kang, Moon Ja; Choi, Kun Sik

    2013-03-15

    Operation and technology development of the radioactive xenon and krypton detection equipment - Advancement, independence of operation technology for BfS-IAR system(the simultaneous analysis of xenon and krypton) installed after North Korea nuclear tests in 2006 and establishment of background base-line for xenon and krypton radioactivity. - Enhanced detection and analysis capabilities for neighborhood nuclear activities through advanced research of noble gas detection technology. Results of the Project · The operation of xenon and krypton analysis system (BfS-IAR) · Operation of fixed adsorption system. · Operation of portable adsorption system · Exercise of emergency response and proficiency test with SAUNA. · Measurement of noble gas background at specific region in Korea. - Radioxenon levels at Dongdu Cheon is approximately 1.6 mBq/m{sup 3} · Development of automation filling system for absorber cooling.

  14. Research on the Crucial Technology in Virtual Training System of Engineering Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Tianhe

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The virtual training system involves a large number of technical problems which affect the promotion and application in our country. In this work, several key techniques for the development of engineering equipment virtual training system are addressed. Firstly, the reconstruction method for three views of machine parts is proposed based on rapid 3D surface fitting as well as NURBS composite surface. Then, the interactive control techniques for the 3D visualization interactive assembly are studied in detail. The key technology of collision detection is also illuminated in the last part. The entire engineering equipment support training system, that includes structure expressing, principle demonstration, panoramic roaming, disassembly training as well as maintenance and repair training, is developed. This facilitates the trainees in learning the support training procedures step by step, and quickly improves their technical skills.

  15. Management and Evaluation of Public Welfare Agricultural Science and Technology Projects%公益性农业科技项目的管理和评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨闯; 王敬华

    2011-01-01

    The public welfare agricultural science and technology projects play a leading and supporting role on the development of modern agriculture.The connotation,feature,function orientation,management mode at home and abroad,evaluation principle and evaluation types of public welfare agricultural science and technology projects were reviewed and analyzed in the paper.Measures to strengthen the management and evaluation of public welfare agricultural science and technology projects and to do the job better were put forward,which includes promoting construction of research team and the innovation system,promoting international cooperation and exchanges,innovating evaluation mechanism for public welfare agricultural science and technology projects.%公益性农业科技项目对现代农业的发展起着引领与支撑作用。文章对公益性农业科技项目的内涵、特点、功能定位、国内外的管理模式、评价原则和评价类型进行了综述和分析,提出了促进科研团队与创新体系建设、促进国际合作与交流、创新公益性农业科技项目评价机制等措施,以期进一步做好公益性农业科技项目管理和评价工作。

  16. Fiscal 1998 survey report. Medical equipment (Development of fine sampling/analysis system for blood / Development of high-precision 3-D image diagnosis system / Development of low-invasion operation support system / Total development of artificial internal organ technologies); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Iryo kiki (ketsuekinado biryo saishu, biryo bunseki system kaihatsu/koseido sanjigen eizo shindan system kaihatsu/teishinshu shujutsu shien system kaihatsu/jinko zoki gijutsu sogo kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For efficient medical care supply systems, the R and D of advanced medical care technology and equipment largely contribute to productivity improvement for medical care services. Among them, a progress of medical care technology is becoming important for preparation of efficient and fair supply systems. MITI thus established 'Medical care and welfare equipment development project' in 1994, and has promoted the strategic long-term R and D project of medical care and welfare equipment as joint R and D project of NEDO and private enterprises. In fiscal 1998, on the development of the fine sampling/analysis system for blood, the high- precision 3-D image diagnosis system, the low-invasion operation support system, and the artificial internal organ technologies since fiscal 1996, this project clarified essential technical issues based on the future view, selected some themes to be newly developed in the future, and surveyed and evaluated the details of their R and D concretely. (NEDO)

  17. Environmental Technology Verification Coatings and Coating Equipment Program (ETV CCEP) High Transfer Efficiency Spray Equipment--Generic Verification Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program has been established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to verify the performance characteristics of innovative environmental technologies across all media and report this objective information to the states, ...

  18. NEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR RESTORATION AND PROTECTION OF POWER EQUIPMENT WITH THE AID OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. O. Ischenko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of possible variants of reconstruction of the power equipment is fulfilled and the conclusion concerning the prospects of such work with the use of composite materials is reached. The data on the technical characteristics of composite repair materials for various purposes are presented, the results of repairs of power equipment, in particular the technology for the recovery of the boarding surfaces of the diffuser rings and protection of the pumps D1250 casings are provided. The technology of the recovery pneumatic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder rod, as well as the unique technology of restoration of working surfaces of the impeller vanes of transfer pump, that had been destroyed by corrosion in conjunction with the cavitation processes and were considered as not restorable is described. The restored impeller was in operation during a year and only thereafter it was removed for restoration. Another composite material discussed in the article – diagum – makes it possible to perform a series of repairs associated with restoration of the rubber-covered surfaces of pump casings as well as with restoration of various surfaces of the conveyor belts. Taking the excellent adhesive properties of this composite into account, restoration of worn stainless steel sieve screens to remove abrasive material was fulfilled with the aid of it. The restoration was accomplished via the use of the conveyor belt which application time had expired, that was glued to a metal sieve with diagum. The use of the composites is economically justified, because the application of them in repairs reduces, firstly, terms of restoration work and, secondly, the price of repairs. Third, equipment that was damaged beyond repair is being commissioned by the use of the mentioned composites. 

  19. Equipment Design and Cost Estimation for Small Modular Biomass Systems, Synthesis Gas Cleanup, and Oxygen Separation Equipment; Task 9: Mixed Alcohols From Syngas -- State of Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nexant Inc.

    2006-05-01

    This deliverable is for Task 9, Mixed Alcohols from Syngas: State of Technology, as part of National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Award ACO-5-44027, ''Equipment Design and Cost Estimation for Small Modular Biomass Systems, Synthesis Gas Cleanup and Oxygen Separation Equipment''. Task 9 supplements the work previously done by NREL in the mixed alcohols section of the 2003 technical report Preliminary Screening--Technical and Economic Assessment of Synthesis Gas to Fuels and Chemicals with Emphasis on the Potential for Biomass-Derived Syngas.

  20. [Rational choice of technologies and equipment in the logistic support of a pathomorphology laboratory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mal'kov, P G; Frank, G A; Sidorova, V P

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present communication is to provide specialists with the comparative characteristics of the most important user qualities of the major histological labware by the world's leading manufacturers introduced on the market. These are comparatively estimated solely from technologically significant criteria on the basis of the materials of open references, general public technical documents, and the authors' experience. Fabric processors, embedding complexes, microtomes, autostainers, and coverslippers are comparatively characterized from the viewpoint of a practical user. The presented materials may be useful to specialties to take decisions on logistics and re-equipment of morphological laboratories.

  1. Coal-fueled diesel technology development -- Fuel injection equipment for coal-fueled diesel engines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R.N.; Hayden, H.L.

    1994-01-01

    Because of the abrasive and corrosive nature of coal water slurries, the development of coal-fueled diesel engine technology by GE-Transportation Systems (GE-TS) required special fuel injection equipment. GE-Corporate Research and Development (GE-CRD) undertook the design and development of fuel injectors, piston pumps, and check valves for this project. Components were tested at GE-CRD on a simulated engine cylinder, which included a cam-actuated jerk pump, prior to delivery to GE-TS for engine testing.

  2. Elementary Analysis on the Technological Features of an Engineering Equipment Facile Diagnosis System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    From the point of systemic engineering, the general properties of an engineering equipment fault diagnosis system and the studying object of diagnosis engineering were discussed. With the developing course of fault diagnosis technology, the relationship be-tween facile diagnosis system and diagnosis engineering were also discussed. The basic structure and feature of a facile diagnosis system were discussed, and the isomorphic of a facile diagnosis system and precise diagnosis system was presented. The facile diagnosis requires the perfection of method, pertinence and apriority of knowledge , adaptability of the object being diagnosed and the approach to the aim of the diagnosis result, as well as the outstanding of main functions.

  3. Ensuring Energy Efficient 5G User Equipment by Technology Evolution and Reuse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Mads; Berardinelli, Gilberto; Sørensen, Troels Bundgaard

    2014-01-01

    Research on fifth generation (5G) radio access technology (RAT) is ramping up, with the goal of significantly improving user data rates and latency compared to previous radio generations. While energy efficiency (EE) of the user equipment (UE) was not a key optimization parameter for the current...... standards, it is anticipated to become a distinguishing factor for 5G. In this paper, we analyze established and emerging technological solutions for features such as waveform, frame structure, duplexing and multiple antenna transmission from an EE perspective. Our contribution is to identify and discuss...... the features’ pros and cons in achieving high performance in terms of data rate and/or latency while limiting their effect on the UE power consumption. Based on the discussion we give general recommendations for an energy efficient 5G design in the context of a previously proposed RAT concept....

  4. Technology and complete set of the equipment of air-plasma method for synthesis of nanoaerosols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopytin, Yurii D.; Novikov, O. G.

    2004-02-01

    The paper is aimed at studying synthesis and construction, as well as physical-chemical characteristics of nanoaerosols. The technology and product line of the Air-plasma method for synthesis of metal oxide nanopowders to obtain high-performance ceramics (PSNP) is hot and set at manufacturing different-types zirconium ceramics stabilized by yttrium and magnesium oxides, as well as other dopes. For the available equipment, the technologies of producing nanopowders of other metal oxides alongside with circonium oxide and composite oxides (Al203, Ti02, CuO, SiO2, Fe2O2, ZnO, CoO, Cr2O3, PbO, MnO, MgO, CaO, CeO, etc.) are developed and adapted.

  5. Report on the fiscal 1996 result of the research on the promotion scheme toward establishment of an international cooperation system for development of welfare equipment; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho fukushi yogu kaihatsunado no kokusai kyoryoku taisei kakuritsu ni mukete no suishin hosaku no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In order to support the progress and international activity of a Japanese welfare industry, research was made on a concrete approach to establishment of a Japanese international cooperation system on the basis of the activity trend of welfare organizations and groups in North European countries and Japan. Introduction of standards and a mark system for welfare equipment is under investigation in North European countries, and movement for unified standards is also becoming active among these countries. TIDE project called socioeconomic integrated engineering already exists for handicapped and aged persons in Europe, while a rehabilitation act was enforced in the U.S.A. in 1973. Japan participated in ISO and IEC for promotion of a welfare equipment industry. Rehabilitation Engineering Society of Japan (RESJA) for equipment development and technical support, and Japan Wellness and Welfare Industry Association (JWA) for promotion of the related industries were also established. In Europe, North America and Australia, rehabilitation engineering associations are already in action. 8 figs., 17 tabs.

  6. Electric Ground Support Equipment Advanced Battery Technology Demonstration Project at the Ontario Airport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tyler Gray; Jeremy Diez; Jeffrey Wishart; James Francfort

    2013-07-01

    The intent of the electric Ground Support Equipment (eGSE) demonstration is to evaluate the day-to-day vehicle performance of electric baggage tractors using two advanced battery technologies to demonstrate possible replacements for the flooded lead-acid (FLA) batteries utilized throughout the industry. These advanced battery technologies have the potential to resolve barriers to the widespread adoption of eGSE deployment. Validation testing had not previously been performed within fleet operations to determine if the performance of current advanced batteries is sufficient to withstand the duty cycle of electric baggage tractors. This report summarizes the work performed and data accumulated during this demonstration in an effort to validate the capabilities of advanced battery technologies. This report summarizes the work performed and data accumulated during this demonstration in an effort to validate the capabilities of advanced battery technologies. The demonstration project also grew the relationship with Southwest Airlines (SWA), our demonstration partner at Ontario International Airport (ONT), located in Ontario, California. The results of this study have encouraged a proposal for a future demonstration project with SWA.

  7. Modern wireless telecommunication technologies and their electromagnetic compatibility with life-supporting equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallin, Mats K E B; Marve, Therese; Hakansson, Peter K

    2005-11-01

    Hospitals rely on pagers and ordinary telephones to reach staff members in emergency situations. New telecommunication technologies such as General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), the third generation mobile phone system Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS), and Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) might be able to replace hospital pagers if they are electromagnetically compatible with medical devices. In this study, we sought to determine if GPRS, UMTS (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access-Frequency Division Duplex [WCDMA FDD]), and WLAN (IEEE 802.11b) transmitted signals interfere with life-supporting equipment in the intensive care and operating room environment. According to United States standard, ANSI C63.18-1997, laboratory tests were performed on 76 medical devices. In addition, clinical tests during 11 operations and 100 h of intensive care were performed. UMTS and WLAN signals caused little interference. Devices using these technologies can be used safely in critical care areas and during operations, but direct contact between medical devices and wireless communication devices ought to be avoided. In the case of GPRS, at a distance of 50 cm, it caused an older infusion pump to alarm and stop infusing; the pump had to be reset. Also, 10 cases of interference with device displays occurred. GPRS can be used safely at a distance of 1 m. Terminals/cellular phones using these technologies should be allowed without restriction in public areas because the risk of interference is minimal.

  8. Power Saving Strategies and Technologies in Network Equipment Opportunities and Challenges, Risk and Rewards

    CERN Document Server

    Ceuppens, Luc; Kharitonov, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Drawing from todays best-in-class solutions, we identify power-saving strategies that have succeeded in the past and look forward to new ideas and paradigms. We strongly believe that designing energy-efficient network equipment can be compared to building sports cars, task-oriented, focused and fast. However, unlike track-bound sports cars, ultra-fast and purpose-built silicon yields better energy efficiency when compared to more generic family sedan designs that mitigate go-to-market risks by being the masters of many tasks. Thus, we demonstrate that the best opportunities for power savings come via protocol simplification, best-of-breed technology, and silicon and software optimization, to achieve the least amount of processing necessary to move packets. We also look to the future of networking from a new angle, where energy efficiency and environmental concerns are viewed as fundamental design criteria and forces that need to be harnessed to continually create more powerful networking equipment.

  9. Study on the key technologies of the Transfer Equipment Cask for Tokamak Equator Port Plug

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Buyun, E-mail: ayun@iim.ac.cn [Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); Robot Sensors and Human-Machine Interaction Laboratory, Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Gao, Lifu [Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); Robot Sensors and Human-Machine Interaction Laboratory, Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Cao, Huibin; Sun, Jian [Robot Sensors and Human-Machine Interaction Laboratory, Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China); Sun, Yuxiang; Song, Quanjun; Ma, Chengxue; Chang, Li; Shuang, Feng [Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); Robot Sensors and Human-Machine Interaction Laboratory, Institute of Intelligent Machines, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031 (China)

    2014-12-15

    Highlights: • Design on Intelligent Air Transfer System (IATS) for Transfer Equipment Cask (TECA). • A rhombic-like parallel robot for docking with minimum misalignment. • Design on electro-hydraulic servo system of the TECA for Tokamak Equator Port Plug (TEPP) manipulation. • A control architecture with several algorithms and information acquired from sensors could be used by the TECA for Remote Handling (RH). - Abstract: The Transfer Equipment Cask (TECA) is a key solution for Remote Handling (RH) in Tokamak Equator Port Plug (TEPP) operations. From the perspectives of both engineering and technical designs of effective experiments on the TEPP, key technologies on these topics covering the TECA are required. According to conditions in ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) and features of the TEPP, this paper introduces the design of an Intelligent Air Transfer System (IATS) with an adaptive attitude and high precision positioning that transports a cask system of more than 30 tons from the Tokamak Building (TB) to the Hot Cell Building (HCB). Additionally, different actuators are discussed, and the hydraulic power drive is eventually selected and designed. A rhombic-like parallel robot is capable of being used for docking with minimum misalignment. Practical mechanisms of the cask system are presented for hostile environments. A control architecture with several algorithms and information acquired from sensors could be used by the TECA. These designs yield realistic and extended applications for the RH of ITER.

  10. Complex of automated equipment and technologies for waveguides soldering using induction heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murygin, A. V.; Tynchenko, V. S.; Laptenok, V. D.; Emilova, O. A.; Bocharov, A. N.

    2017-02-01

    The article deals with the problem of designing complex automated equipment for soldering waveguides based on induction heating technology. A theoretical analysis of the problem, allowing to form a model of the «inductor-waveguide» system and to carry out studies to determine the form of inducing wire, creating a narrow and concentrated heat zone in the area of the solder joint. Also solves the problem of the choice of the temperature control means, the information from which is used later to generate the effective management of induction soldering process. Designed hardware complex in conjunction with the developed software system is a system of automatic control, allowing to manage the process of induction heating, to prevent overheating and destruction of the soldered products, improve the stability of induction soldering process, to improve the quality of products, thereby reducing time and material costs for the production.

  11. Pb-free production of telecommunication network equipment: Technological and logistical challenges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, H.J. [Siemens AG, ICN M and L TDC CE MC, Bruchsal (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    Legislation in Europe and China will ban the use of SnPb solder in electronic devices by July 2006. Even though there will be an exemption for telecommunication network infrastructure equipment, component market and supply chain issues will nevertheless affect such high-tech products, and strongly influence logistics during the transition to ''Pb-free.'' The Siemens group ''Information and Communication Networks'' (ICN) produces high-technology modules for telecommunication networks. To prepare for cost-effective conversion to lead-free within ICN, an interdisciplinary team was formed. The presentation highlights critical issues and shows how the team is proceeding to confront them. (orig.)

  12. Technological review on endoscopic submucosal dissection: available equipment, recent developments and emerging techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavrogenis, Georgios; Hochberger, Juergen; Deprez, Pierre; Shafazand, Morteza; Coumaros, Dimitri; Yamamoto, Katsumi

    2017-04-01

    Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is widely practiced in Japan and the Eastern World and is rapidly expanding in western countries for the management of early malignancies of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tube. In addition, novel therapeutic applications deriving from ESD have emerged including the treatment of achalasia, of submucosal tumors, of diverticula, of strictures and of reflux disease. An ESD procedure necessitates not only skills and specific training, but also familiarization with a vast spectrum of devices (endoscopes, high-frequency generators and their settings, endoknives, hoods, irrigation devices) and techniques (such as countertraction, artificial ulcer closure), that render the procedure faster, more efficient and safer. This technological article gives an overview on current and novel equipment for an ESD and associated techniques.

  13. The management and welfare of working animals: identifying problems, seeking solutions and anticipating the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abul Rahman, S; Reed, K

    2014-04-01

    Working animals, mainly equids, camelids and bovids, are draught animals that perform transport and traction activities. In developed countries technological development has resulted in animal power being minimised, however, in developing countries most agricultural operations are still being conducted by animals, and animal welfare is a major concern. Inadequate knowledge and inappropriate attitudes and practices regarding the management and welfare of working animals are the main contributory factors to welfare problems. The paper highlights the situation of working animals in developing countries, especially those of equids in Africa and Asia and bullocks in India, which are examined as examples. There is much room for improvement in the welfare of working animals, via the provision of basic veterinary care, technical advice on health and husbandry, including foot care, improved design and maintenance of harnesses and other equipment, and the development of appropriate policies and legislation. The paper discusses the role of the World Organisation for Animal Health in addressing these issues.

  14. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Osaka); 2000 nendo welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Osaka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts were made to develop welfare equipment systems capable of satisfying local requirements for helping those in need of nursing care live an independent life, for supporting social welfare activities, and for relieving the loads imposed upon care givers. Efforts were made to develop (1) technologies for improving on the urban type residential space according to the degree of handicap that aged people suffered, (2) a comprehensive self-subsistence assisting system, and (3) a system for monitoring aged people and a system for reporting. Under item (1), flooring materials, flooring systems, residence modification, and welfare equipment were examined for securing a residential space suitable for each of the handicapped persons living in the urban space. Under item (2), efforts were made to develop an integrated assisting system for motor driven wheelchair equipment with a wheelchair regarded as the inevitable partner of a handicapped person, and to develop a toilet seat provided with an automatic elevator capable of sensing human presence. Under item (3), the toilet was assumed to be an accident frequented location, and a system was developed capable of detecting and reporting anomalies in a person seated still. (NEDO)

  15. Ontology-Based Gap Analysis for Technology Selection: A Knowledge Management Framework for the Support of Equipment Purchasing Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macris, Aristomenis M.; Georgakellos, Dimitrios A.

    Technology selection decisions such as equipment purchasing and supplier selection are decisions of strategic importance to companies. The nature of these decisions usually is complex, unstructured and thus, difficult to be captured in a way that will be efficiently reusable. Knowledge reusability is of paramount importance since it enables users participate actively in process design/redesign activities stimulated by the changing technology selection environment. This paper addresses the technology selection problem through an ontology-based approach that captures and makes reusable the equipment purchasing process and assists in identifying (a) the specifications requested by the users' organization, (b) those offered by various candidate vendors' organizations and (c) in performing specifications gap analysis as a prerequisite for effective and efficient technology selection. This approach has practical appeal, operational simplicity, and the potential for both immediate and long-term strategic impact. An example from the iron and steel industry is also presented to illustrate the approach.

  16. Discuss the impact technological advances in equipment and materials have made on the delivery and outcome of endodontic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lababidi, Emad Aldin

    2013-12-01

    Recent advances in endodontic equipment and materials have considerably changed the manner in which endodontic treatment is delivered. Specific technological advances, including nickel-titanium instruments, ultrasonic instruments and the dental operating microscope have been associated with increased efficiency and efficacy of treatment and simplification of delivery. The effects of most of these changes have been tested via in vitro studies and case reports. Ongoing studies should constantly investigate what effects technological advances might have on the outcome of endodontic treatment.

  17. Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Commercial Lawn Equipment (Spanish version); Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Erik

    2015-06-01

    Powering commercial lawn equipment with alternative fuels or advanced engine technology is an effective way to reduce U.S. dependence on petroleum, reduce harmful emissions, and lessen the environmental impacts of commercial lawn mowing. Numerous alternative fuel and fuel-efficient advanced technology mowers are available. Owners turn to these mowers because they may save on fuel and maintenance costs, extend mower life, reduce fuel spillage and fuel theft, and demonstrate their commitment to sustainability.

  18. TECHNOLOGICAL COMPLEX OF EQUIPMENT FOR REFINING AND CASTING OF STEEL AND ALLOYS IN THE FOUNDRY AND STEEL INDUSTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Zolotukhin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Vulcan TM is a small innovative company, specializing in the manufacture of steel and alloys casting systems and refractory accessories.Available for foundry and metallurgical industries, special technological equipment, designed and manufactured by LLC NPP “Vulkan-TM.”

  19. Removal of Contaminants from Equipment and Debris and Waste Minimization Using the TECHXTRACT(TM) Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jorg Schwitzgebel; Klaus Schwitzgebel; Michael W. Bonem; Ronald E. Borah

    1998-12-09

    From September, 1996 through July, 1997, EET, Inc. conducted a series of experiments under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Program Research and Development Agreement (PRDA). This project, entitled "Removal of Contaminants from Equipment and Debris and Waste Minimization Using the TECHXTRACT â Technology" was conducted under DOE Contract DE-AC21- 96MC33138, administered by the Federal Energy Technology Center. The contract is divided into two phases - a base phase during which bench scale testing was conducted; and an optional phase for a field demonstration of a full-scale system. This report documents the results from the base phase of the contract. The base phase included the following major elements: - Evaluation of the effectiveness of various decontamination options, using both surrogate and radioactively contaminated samples. - Evaluation of various methods for the treatment of the secondary waste streams from the preferred decontamination system(s). - Evaluation of decontamination effectiveness for concrete rubble. - Preliminary engineering design and cost estimation for a full-scale system. - Preliminary economic analysis of the proposed system versus other currently available options for disposition of the materials. Results from the base phase, which are described in the following report, are very positive. Testing has shown that free release requirements and extremely high decontamination factors can be achieved for a variety of materials and radionuclides. Results for concrete rubble decontamination were less conclusive. The bench scale testing has led to the design of two different systems, both based on the TECHXTRACT â chemistry, for potential full-scale demonstration. Based on the preliminary economic analysis, this system compares favorably with currently available commercial options, including disposal.

  20. STUDY ABOUT A FURNITURE COMPANY THAT USES NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND COMPUTERIZED EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PUSTIANU Monica

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, there are companies that uses new technologies and computerized equipment leading to obtaining high quality products and profit. Furniture industry has continuously developed due to high demand for diversified products for all age groups. Romanian goods shall be delivered both in the country and abroad. The tapestries furniture made in our country, classical or modern, by leather in different colours or with textile coating materials fashionable chosen is already enjoying much attention from the external and internal customers. The workforce employed in the furniture manufacturing industry is qualified, managed to shape the wood into complex and elegant products that are able to give full satisfaction to all consumers SWOT analysis is defined as a complex research of economic aspects, technical, sociological, legal and managerial aspects that characterize the activity of a company and allows the formulation of an opinion on the past and present condition of the company. SWOT analysis may be carried out both at the level of functional areas of the company: financial, commercial, production, human resources, research and development, management and at the level of firm as a whole. By this analysis was obtained a clear picture of the current state of the analysed company, helping to knowledge and understanding of the general context in which the company operates. Key words: quality, furniture, management, production, analysis, SWOT

  1. Not-In-Kind Technologies for Residential and Commercial Unitary Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, S.K.

    2001-01-11

    This project was initiated by the Department of Energy in response to a request from the HVAC industry for consolidated information about alternative heating and cooling cycles and for objective comparisons of those cycles in space conditioning applications. Twenty-seven different heat pumping technologies are compared on energy use and operating costs using consistent operating conditions and assumptions about component efficiencies for all of them. This report provides a concise summary of the underlying principals of each technology, its advantages and disadvantages, obstacles to commercial development, and economic feasibility. Both positive and negative results in this study are valuable; the fact that many of the cycles investigated are not attractive for space conditioning avoids any additional investment of time or resources in evaluating them for this application. In other cases, negative results in terms of the cost of materials or in cycle efficiencies identify where significant progress needs to be made in order for a cycle to become commercially attractive. Specific conclusions are listed for many of the technologies being promoted as alternatives to electrically-driven vapor compression heat pumps using fluorocarbon refrigerants. Although reverse Rankine cycle heat pumps using hydrocarbons have similar energy use to conventional electric-driven heat pumps, there are no significant energy savings due to the minor differences in estimated steady-state performance; higher costs would be required to accommodate the use of a flammable refrigerant. Magnetic and compressor-driven metal hydride heat pumps may be able to achieve efficiencies comparable to reverse Rankine cycle heat pumps, but they are likely to have much higher life cycle costs because of high costs for materials and peripheral equipment. Both thermoacoustic and thermionic heat pumps could have lower life cycle costs than conventional electric heat pumps because of reduced equipment and

  2. Development of Technology and Equipment of the Automated Laser Welding for Manufacturing Heat Exchanger Details of Marine Engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shelyagin, V.D.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on the developed automated laser welding technology for flat tubes of copper-nickel alloys laser welding complex technological equipment, which can be applied on the enterprises of machine building, aerospace, shipbuilding and automobile industries, was designed and created. To control the integrity of welded flat tubes a technique, which consists in testing sample pressure and finding defective sections by laser interferometry in the automated mode, was developed. Specialized welding head was designed and manufactured for the industrial use of the developed laser welding technology.

  3. A Failing Grade for WEEE Take-Back Programs for Information Technology Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Nina; Vanderburg, Willem H.

    2005-01-01

    Product take-back (also called extended producer responsibility) has become a trend for dealing with the garbage resulting from categories of problematic products. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is one such category with computer equipment being of particular significance. This article provides a description of the European…

  4. WORKING OUT OF TECHNOLOGY OF PREPARATION PREMIX AND THE EQUIPMENT FOR ITS REALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Afanas’ev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. The article describes validation and development of technology of vitamin, mineral and complex premixes with the introduction of vegetable oil and a set of equipment for its implementation. The two-component mixture was used for research. Crushed wheat was used as the main component, and the metal admixture with magnetic properties, vitamin B2 and salt of micronutrients MnSO4 as key components. Quality of the final mixture was determined by the homogeneity test. Trace components dosing accuracy was determined by dosing vitamins B5 , E, A, and trace-element salts MnSO4 , FeSO4 , CuSO4 . Also introduction of vegetable oil in the filler was researched. When the oil was entering the mixer in an amount of 2 % homogeneity of the filler and oil mixture was 94 %. The oil fine spray was provided by special nozzles design. A pilot mixer consisting of a body having a lower portion of the shape of the double trough and lid is developed for conducting research in mixing vitamins, salts of trace elements with the filler. Inside the case, there are two horizontal shafts, rotating in opposite directions. Each shaft has four rows of blades. In the upper part of the mixer above paddle shafts manifold with injectors is located. The studies found that the accuracy of dosing vitamins B5 , E and A in amounts of 0,02 and 0,2%, does not exceed 1 % of a set weight of component; accuracy of dosing of trace components salts MnSO4, FeSO4, CuSO4 in amounts of 0,2 % does not exceed 1 % of a set weight of component; high quality of mixing provided by a mixer design that implements the fluidized mixing method.

  5. Development of Advanced Surface Enhancement Technology for Decreasing Wear and Corrosion of Equipment Used for Mineral Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniel Tao; Craig A. Blue

    2004-08-01

    Equipment wear is a major concern in the mineral processing industry, which dramatically increases the maintenance cost and adversely affects plant operation efficiency. In this research, wear problems of mineral processing equipment including screens, sieve bends, heavy media vessel, dewatering centrifuge, etc., were identified. A novel surface treatment technology, high density infrared (HDI) surface coating process was proposed for the surface enhancement of selected mineral processing equipment. Microstructural and mechanical properties of the coated samples were characterized. Laboratory-simulated wear tests were conducted to evaluate the tribological performance of the coated components. Test results indicate that the wear resistance of AISI 4140 and ASTM A36 steels can be increased 3 and 5 folds, respectively by the application of HDI coatings.

  6. State Welfarism and Social Welfare in Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Indra P TIWARI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper has analyzed and discussed the social welfare policies of the Asian countries—the responsibilities of international activist institutions and the State towards individuals in terms of state welfarism and social and economic protection, and the conventional family system, which was and still is the core responsible institution for the well-being of its members. The paper has presented economic and poverty indicators (19, demographic, social and economic indicators associated social welfarism (16, satisfaction related indicators (7, and funding related indicators that have association with social welfarism (9. This has also analyzed and discussed the gap between the international propaganda on social welfare, social policies of the Government and its actual delivery and the situation of vacuum being created due to the moribund family system of slothful state welfarism, in the new living context created by the notion of right-prone individualism. The study has identified along with their history of starting social security provisions the present state major workfare and welfare and welfare protection in the Asian countries, thereby explored countries falling into five levels of social welfare system by taking a combined state of poverty, vulnerable employment, and government expenditure on education, health and social protection, namely (i early stage of welfare system; (ii transition to take-off stage of welfare system; (iii take-off stage of welfare system; (iv transition to drive to maturity stage of welfare system; and (v the drive to maturity stage of welfare system. Finally, the paper has presented the critical areas for dialogue where the synergy of the propagandist international activism, state slothfulness, moribund family dynamics, and right-prone individualism interface for a reliable and sustainable social welfare with affection, protection, nurturance, and protection thereby live in peace and harmony with dignity.

  7. Key Technology of Intelligent Coal Mining Equipment%智能化采煤装备的关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛世荣

    2014-01-01

    Based on an idea of an unmanned coal mining technology,the paper introduced the orientation of an intelligent mining develop-ment in underground coal mine and provided the definition and technical connotation of the intelligent mining and excavation in coal mine. The paper reviewed the development and present status of the intelligent coal mining equipment and technology in China and pointed out that China would have an opportunity to take a commanding point of the intelligent mining and excavation equipment and technology.The paper stated the three perceptive and three adaptive technical architecture and had an outlook on breakthrough directions of the key tech-nology related to the high efficient and adaptive coal and rock cutting technology,adaptive control technology of the hydraulic powered sup-port,adaptive regulation technology of power transmission,intelligent recognition technology of coal-rock interface,intelligent diagnosis technology of the coal mining equipment and adaptive cruise control technology of the coal mining equipment.%基于无人化采矿技术理念,介绍了煤矿井下智能化开采发展方向,提出了煤矿智能化采掘的定义及技术内涵。回顾了我国智能化采煤装备技术发展及现状,指出我国有抢占智能采掘装备技术制高点的机遇。阐述了智能化采煤装备的“三个感知,三个自适”技术构架,展望了与其相关的煤岩高效自适应截割技术、液压支架自适应控制技术、动力传递自适应调控技术、煤岩界面智能识别技术、采煤装备智能诊断技术、采煤装备自主巡航技术等6项关键技术的突破方向。

  8. 机械设备技改方法及分析%Technological transformation and analysis of mechanical equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈奇峰

    2015-01-01

    Along with the continuous development of China's economy, the continuous improvement of the level of science and technology,various enterprises under the impact of the new situation,facing both great opportunities are also faced with severe challenges.Under the condition of market economy,the competition between enterprises increasingly deepened,facing the diversified demands of the market and high-end manufacturing technology, the enterprise for the number of mechanical equipment and technical renovation of equipment is an important task.An important aspect of improving the enterprise competitiveness is to improve the technological transformation of the equipment and increase the technical content of the equipment.This paper mainly expounds the contents of technological transformation of the mechanical equipment in China, and the evaluation and analysis of the technical innovation method, which is of great significance for improving the technological transformation of machinery and equipment.%随着我国经济的不断发展,科学技术水平的不断提高,各个企业在这种新形势的冲击下,既面临着重大的机遇同时也面临着严峻的挑战.市场经济条件下,企业之间的竞争日益加深,面对多样化的市场需求和高端的制造技术,企业对于机械设备数量和设备技改是一项重要的任务.提高企业竞争力的一个重要方面就是提高设备的技术改造,增加设备的技术含量.本文主要阐述了目前我国机械设备的技术改造的内容,并对设备技改方法进行了评价和分析,对提高机械设备技改有着重要的参考意义.

  9. Application technology in coffee (Coffea arabica L.: effect of air assistance with manually driven equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Miguel Francisco Ruas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Small farmers in various parts of Brazil, based the application of pesticides exclusively by a coastal manual sprayers. How it is simple equipment, there are few resources available to improve the quality of the application. The aim of this paper was to study the effect of air assistance, with manual override, in the deposition and percentage of coverage applied on the leaves of coffee plants, situated internally and externally. The equipment consisted of a sprayer coastal pressurized by CO2 attached to an air assistance equipment. At the exit of air assistance equipment a hose was adapted for driving the air flow emitted to the nozzle of the sprayer coastal (XR 110-02, expanded jet plane. It was used a solution of water + potassium chloride + fluorescent dye to the application. The levels of deposits were measured by electrical conductivity of the solution from the washing leaves and the percentage of coverage by ultraviolet light. The deposition was higher in leaves positioned externally to the plant, as well as the coverage percentage. The percentage of coverage was greater for the adaxial side of the coffee leaves. There was no difference for the use or not of the air assistance. Improvements in the generation and distribution of air in manually equipments may be necessary, in order to improve its use in the application of spray liquids.

  10. RESEARCH OF RUSSIAN HIGH TECHNOLOGY MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET: THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otstavnov Stanislav Sergeevich

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the data obtained from comprehensive study of russian hi-tech medical equipment market. The size and the structure of Russian medical equipment market in 2005-2011 were investigated and market size forecast for 2012-2015 was given. Priority segments of Russian high-tech medical equipment market were identified (products with a high degree of visualization, anesthetic and ventilation equipment, patient monitors based on the analysis of literature sources and morbidity structure. Key players in key segments of the market were identified and their financial performance such as number of employees, revenue, net profit, researches and development expenses were compared (according to actual annual reports. Research allowed to draw the following conclusion: today in the key segments of Russian high-tech medical equipment market the leadership of foreign companies (Hitachi, Philips, Siemens, Toshiba, General Electric, Dräger is indisputable, objective preconditions for the fundamental change of the situation are absent. Import substitution requires the consolidation of domestic producers, adequate funding and human resource. The results can be used in practice by medical industry companies and State authorities on purpose to upgrade the medical industry.

  11. RESEARCH OF RUSSIAN HIGH TECHNOLOGY MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MARKET: THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Станислав Сергеевич Отставнов

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the data obtained from comprehensive study of russian hi-tech medical equipment market. The size and the structure of Russian medical equipment market in 2005-2011 were investigated and market size forecast for 2012-2015 was given. Priority segments of Russian high-tech medical equipment market were identified (products with a high degree of visualization, anesthetic and ventilation equipment, patient monitors  based on the analysis of literature sources and morbidity structure. Key players in key segments of the market were identified and their financial performance such as number of employees, revenue, net profit, researches and development expenses were compared (according to actual annual reports.Research allowed to draw the following conclusion: today in the key segments of Russian high-tech medical equipment market the leadership of foreign companies  (Hitachi, Philips, Siemens, Toshiba, General Electric, Dräger is indisputable, objective preconditions for the fundamental change of the situation are absent. Import substitution requires the consolidation of domestic producers, adequate funding and human resource.The results can be used in practice by medical industry companies and State authorities on purpose to upgrade the medical industry.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-1-31

  12. Ultra-High Voltage DC Convertor Station Equipment Condition Data Access Technology Based on multi-Source Heterogeneous Fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Feng; Zhang, Bo-wen; Han, Shuai; Ren, Wei; Xu, Hai-jun; Fu, Long-ming

    2017-07-01

    With the large-scale construction of special high-voltage project, as well as power supply reliability, security, economic and other increasingly demanding, state monitoring equipment involved in more and more monitoring projects and more and more monitoring data, because these data exist in multiple isolated systems in the Ultra-High Voltage(UHV) AC-DC substation, there is no data sharing mechanism, so a holistic analysis, application and sharing approach for the data set will need a deep consideration. In this paper, the equipment condition monitoring system frame of the UHV converter station and the scheme of the equipment state data access of UHV converter station based on the multi-source and heterogeneous data fusion are presented. Then, data exchange technology of UHV equipment state early warning center was introduced, and a data access and conversion device in the Zhongzhou converter station was deployed to solve the timeliness and functionality difficult of the existing system to meet the requirements of UHV operation and maintenance support.

  13. Application of electron beam equipment based on a plasma cathode gun in additive technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galchenko, N. K.; Kolesnikova, K. A.; Semenov, G. V.; Rau, A. G.; Raskoshniy, S. Y.; Bezzubko, A. V.; Dampilon, B. V.; Sorokova, S. N.

    2016-11-01

    The paper discusses the application of electron beam equipment based on a plasma cathode gun for three-dimensional surface modification of metals and alloys. The effect of substrate surface preparation on the adhesion strength of gas thermal coatings has been investigated.

  14. 无人战机的装备技术与发展%Equipment Technology and Development of Drones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旻

    2016-01-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicle is mainly from the past to perform aerial reconnaissance ,battlefield surveillance , and battle damage assessment tasks such as operational support equipment ,upgrade become able to carry out suppression of enemy air defense system ,ground attack ,and even can be performed on one of the main combat equipment of air combat mis -sion .The article summarizes the drone technology ,unmanned aircraft system .Finally discusses the drone equipment tech-nology and development of the analysis .%无人机从过去主要是执行空中侦察、战场监视和战斗毁伤评估等任务的作战支援装备,升级成为能执行压制敌防空系统、对地攻击,甚至可以执行对空作战任务的主要作战装备之一。文章概述了无人战机技术、无人战机系统。最后论述了无人战机的装备技术与发展分析。

  15. Animal welfare assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vučinić Marijana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with animal welfare definitions and animal welfare assessment. Animal welfare is a prolonged mental state, resulting from how the animal experiences its environment over time. There are different methods for animal welfare assessment. The four basic criteria for animal welfare assessment are feeding, housing, health and appropriate behavior. Therefore, criteria used to assess animal welfare are not direct measures of the mental state but only parameters that need to be interpreted in terms of welfare. The immediate housing environment and feeding may influence animal welfare either positively, when most of the important requirements are respected, or negatively, when animals are exposed to various stress factors and unpleasant emotions that contribute to animal disease, injuries or inappropriate behavior. Therefore, animal welfare is a unique link between housing conditions, feeding and watering on one side, and animal health status and behavior on the other side.

  16. Robotics for social welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Fernández Cossío

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Supported by developments in the field of social robotics, virtual worlds and ICT tools it is possible to build new solutions in health and welfare. Two projects are described in this article. They are intended to improve efficiency and quality of current therapeutic procedures. The ESTIMULO project improves emotional and cognitive status of people with dementia using a reactive pet-robot. The ELDERTOY project modifies the classical concept from the toy industry to develop a new solution for the aged people. ELDERTOY involves a double purpose, fun and therapeutic. In a complementary way, these projects aim to be an example of the breaking of the technology gap both of seniors and of people with disabilities. Therefore, the ultimate goal is to promote and adapt scientific and technological knowledge to be applied to improve significantly the standard of quality of life in society.

  17. Development of Advanced Surface Enhancement Technology for Decreasing Wear and Corrosion of Equipment Used for Mineral Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniel Tao; R. Honaker; B. K. Parekh

    2007-09-20

    Equipment wear is a major concern in the mineral processing industry, which dramatically increases the maintenance cost and adversely affects plant operation efficiency. In this research, novel surface treatment technologies, High Density Infrared (HDI) and Laser Surface Engineering (LSE) surface coating processes were developed for the surface enhancement of selected mineral and coal processing equipment. Microstructural and mechanical properties of the coated specimens were characterized. Laboratory-simulated wear tests were conducted to evaluate the tribological performance of the coated components. Test results indicate that the wear resistance of ASTM A36 (raw coal screen section) and can be significantly increased by applying HDI and LSE coating processes. Field testing has been performed using a LSE-treated screen panel and it showed a significant improvement of the service life.

  18. Development of Advanced Surface Enhancement Technology for Decreasing Wear and Corrosion of Equipment Used for Mineral Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniel Tao; Craig A. Blue

    2006-07-20

    Equipment wear is a major concern in the mineral processing industry, which dramatically increases the maintenance cost and adversely affects plant operation efficiency. In this research, novel surface treatment technologies, High Density Infrared (HDI) and Laser Surface Engineering (LSE) surface coating processes were developed for the surface enhancement of selected mineral processing equipment. Microstructural and mechanical properties of the coated specimens were characterized. Laboratory-simulated wear tests were conducted to evaluate the tribological performance of the coated components. Test results indicate that the wear resistance of ASTM A36 (raw coal screen section) and can be significantly increased by applying HDI and LSE coating processes. Field testing has been performed using a LSE-treated screen panel and it showed a 2 times improvement of the service life.

  19. Creation of a library tour application for mobile equipment using iBeacon technology

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    We describe the design, development, and deployment of a library tour application utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy devices know as iBeacons. The tour application will serve as library orientation for incoming students. The students visit stations in the library with mobile equipment running a special tour app. When the app detects a beacon nearby, it automatically plays a video that describes the current location. After the tour, students are assessed according to the defined learning objective...

  20. Magnetic fields and the technology challenges they pose to beam-based equipment: a semiconductor perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esqueda, Vincent; Montoya, Julian A.

    2005-08-01

    As semiconductor devices shrink in size to accommodate faster processing speeds, the need for higher resolution beam-based metrology equipment and beam-based writing equipment will increase. The electron and ion beams used within these types of equipment are sensitive to very small variations in magnetic force applied to the beam. This phenomenon results from changes in Alternating Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) magnetic flux density at the beam column which causes deflections of the beam that can impact equipment performance. Currently the most sensitive beam-based microscope manufacturers require an ambient magnetic field environment that does not have variations that exceed 0.2 milli-Gauss (mG). Studies have shown that such low levels of magnetic flux density can be extremely difficult to achieve. As examples, scissor lifts, vehicles, metal chairs, and doors moving in time and space under typical use conditions can create distortions in the Earth's magnetic field that can exceed 0.2 mG at the beam column. In addition it is known that changes in the Earth's magnetic field caused by solar flares, earthquakes, and variations in the Earth's core itself all cause changes in the magnetic field that can exceed 0.2 mG. This paper will provide the reader with the basic understanding of the emerging problem, will discuss the environmental and facility level challenges associated in meeting such stringent magnetic field environments, will discuss some of the mitigation techniques used to address the problem, and will close by discussing needs for further research in this area to assure semiconductor and nanotechnology industries are pre-positioned for even more stringent magnetic field environmental requirements.

  1. Research cooperation project on environmentally friendly technology for highly efficient mineral resources extraction and treatment. Detail design for pilot plant (Purchased equipment)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper prepared plans of the purchased equipment in the detailed design of a pilot plant in the joint research project on the environmental protection technology for highly efficient mineral resource extraction and treatment. (NEDO)

  2. Technology adaptation and employment in the agricultural tools and equipment industry of Bangladesh.

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad QK; Rahman KM; Islam Kmn; Ali ME

    1984-01-01

    ILO pub-WEP pub. Working paper on employment and choice of technology in agricultural machinery and other small scale industries in Bangladesh - examines industrial structure, industrial workers' age, sex, educational level, on the job training and working conditions; reviews capital investment, productivity, sources and availability of raw materials, financing and marketing problems; discusses technology transfer. Statistical tables.

  3. A method and technical equipment for an acute human trial to evaluate retinal implant technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornig, Ralf; Laube, Thomas; Walter, Peter; Velikay-Parel, Michaela; Bornfeld, Norbert; Feucht, Matthias; Akguel, Harun; Rössler, Gernot; Alteheld, Nils; Lütke Notarp, Dietmar; Wyatt, John; Richard, Gisbert

    2005-03-01

    This paper reports on methods and technical equipment to investigate the epiretinal stimulation of the retina in blind human subjects in acute trials. Current is applied to the retina through a thin, flexible microcontact film (microelectrode array) with electrode diameters ranging from 50 to 360 µm. The film is mounted in a custom-designed surgical tool that is hand-held by the surgeon during stimulation. The eventual goal of the work is the development of a chronically implantable retinal prosthesis to restore a useful level of vision to patients who are blind with outer retinal degenerations, specifically retinitis pigmentosa and macular degeneration.

  4. Remote Expertise for Maintenance: An Application of Telecommunications Technology to Improve Shipboard Equipment Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    34°’’ ’^^"^-^ ’’’’’ shore-based’ ; xpert maintLa’nce tec’niSnf de?p ^in. th^’^ M ^^l" ■’■^"’°’^ ’’’^ troubleshooting; and (3) conducting studies to 1,1...Survey Respondents 7 2. Applicability Scores for Telecommunications Accessory Devices Within and Across Categories of Equipment Components...maintenance personnel. The two telecommunications linkage configurations tested in this study were audio plus video and audio with video as needed

  5. Sustainable energy conversion for electricity and coproducts principles, technologies, and equipment

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    Provides an introduction to energy systems going on to describe various forms of energy sources Provides a comprehensive and a fundamental approach to the study of sustainable fuel conversion for the generation of electricity and for coproducing synthetic fuels and chemicals Covers the underlying principles of physics and their application to engineering including thermodynamics of combustion and power cycles, fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer Details the coproduction of fuels and chemicals including key equipment used in synthesis and specific examples of coproduction in integrated

  6. The Danish Welfare Commission

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerding, Allan Næs

    2006-01-01

    The paper deals with the main report of the Danish Welfare Commission and the one-hundred-and-nine proposals on the structure of the future Danish welfare state that the com-mission has put forward. Following upon a brief review of the discussion on the work of the Danish Welfare Commission...

  7. FARM ANIMAL WELFARE ECONOMICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.T. CZISZTER

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the literature regarding the economics of the farm animal welfare. The following issues are addressed: productions costs and savings of the animal welfare regulations, benefits of improved animal welfare, and consumers’ willingness to pay for animal-friendly products.

  8. Technology of Measuring equipment for Air Pollution. Development of Mobile Air Pollution monitoring system (LIDAR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cha, Hyung Ki; Song, Ky Seok; Rhee, Young Joo; Kim, Duck Hyun; Yang, Ki Ho; Lee, Jong Min; Cha, Byung Heon; Lee, Kang Soo

    1999-01-01

    Most air pollution monitoring technologies accompany a time-consuming sample treatment process and provides pollution information only for a local area. Thus, they have a critical restriction in monitoring time-dependent pollution variation effectively over the wide range of area both in height and in width. LIDAR (Light detection and ranging) is a new technology to overcome such drawbacks of the existing pollution monitoring technologies and has long been investigated in the advanced countries. The goal of this project is to develop the mobile air pollution monitoring system and to apply the system to the detection of various pollutants, such as ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and aerosols.

  9. Investigations of perspective technologies, equipment and sanitary - hygienic means for Life-Support System of new generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumilina, I. V.

    Creation of optimal sanitary - hygienic conditions allows to keep health and capacity of the crewmembers work at increase of space flight duration. There is a wide application experience of means, methods and equipment for sanitary - hygienic supply, which were developed and experimentally tested for space flights. However, about 800 kg personal hygiene means (napkins and towels are made with water and delivered with the Earth) are necessary for 3 crewmembers per one year. For long orbital and interplanetary flights (without an opportunity of stocks updating) it is necessary to increase a degree of Life-Support System isolation and optimization of goods turnover. Washing combined with water regeneration system is most perspective for sanitary - hygienic procedures. Therefore, creation of space equipment for washing with sanitary - hygienic water (SHW) regeneration system is especially important. The researches have shown, that to processes, which can be applied for SHW regeneration in space conditions and require insignificant quantity of additional materials (as against sorption), concern membrane methods (reverse osmosis, nanofiltration etc.). Two-step membrane unit for SHW regeneration recovered no less than 85 % of permeate with the organic and inorganic selectivity of 82-95 %. The tests of two-step membrane unit for SHW regeneration carried out on mock up solutions and real SHW, containing detergents really used in space flight conditions. The researches on a substantiation of an opportunity of clothing washing, clothing drying and the estimation of an opportunity of application of various detergents for clothing washing are urgent. The tests of water extraction technology from textile materials are carried out. Is established, that at conditional time of contact 1s, humidity of a leaving air flow from clothing drying unit comes nearer to 100 %. It is necessary to solve the problem for creation of Life-Support System of new generation for long-term space

  10. Scandinavian Model of Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamson, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Within the so-called welfare modeling business Scandinavia stands out as a space with a particular welfare regime. It is a peculiar combination of market, state, and civil societal interventions into people's social life, that define this welfare regime. The particular welfare mix emphasizes...... of conditions with respect to political culture and ethnic homogeneity. The East Asian welfare regime resembles that of Southern Europe, characterized as it is by a high degree of informality regarding care for children, fragile elderly and the handicapped....

  11. Creation of a Library Tour Application for Mobile Equipment using iBeacon Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Bradley

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We describe the design, development, and deployment of a library tour application utilizing Bluetooth Low Energy devices know as iBeacons. The tour application will serve as library orientation for incoming students. The students visit stations in the library with mobile equipment running a special tour app. When the app detects a beacon nearby, it automatically plays a video that describes the current location. After the tour, students are assessed according to the defined learning objectives. Special attention is given to issues encountered during development, deployment, content creation, and testing of this application that depend on functioning hardware, and the necessity of appointing a project manager to limit scope, define priorities, and create an actionable plan for the experiment.

  12. Development of extrusion equipment and technology for the production of cereals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. Abramov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available As a result, an integrated approach has been optimized structure designed muesli bars, represented by the modernized technology of their production, developed a mathematical model of motion of the molten product in the form of channels and extrusion of the matrix on the basis of the data presented molding construction site.

  13. Technology of repair of selected equipment in the power plant type VVER 440

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barborka, J.; Magula, V. [Welding Research Inst. (WRI), Bratislava (Slovakia)

    1998-11-01

    This article is divided in two parts: The first part is studying the effect of individual parameters by the usual and pulsed welding of 15CH2MFA steel. It can be concluded that by use of mechanized or automatic TIG process in PC position with addition of a cold wire with high nickel content the desired quality of repair welded joints of a pressure vessel of VVER 440 reactor can be achieved. Based on the results of the second laboratory study of the renovation technology applied for the rotary surfaces of pressure-tight cover and spindle of the main closing armature type DN 500 it can be concluded, that the developed technology for surfacing the sealing surfaces by TIG process with addition of a high-nickel cold wire the functional capability of the mentioned parts can be fully restored.

  14. Ultrasonic technology for enhanced oil recovery from failing oil wells and the equipment for its implemention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramov, Vladimir O; Mullakaev, Marat S; Abramova, Anna V; Esipov, Igor B; Mason, Timothy J

    2013-09-01

    A new method for the ultrasonic enhancement of oil recovery from failing wells is described. The technology involves lowering a source of power ultrasound to the bottom of the well either for a short treatment before removal or as a permanent placement for intermittent use. In wells where the permeability is above 20 mD and the porosity is greater than 15% ultrasonic treatment can increase oil production by up to 50% and in some cases even more. For wells of lower permeability and porosity ultrasonic treatment alone is less successful but high production rates can be achieved when ultrasound is applied in conjunction with chemicals. An average productivity increase of nearly 3 fold can be achieved for this type of production well using the combined ultrasound with chemical treatment technology. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Discussion on maintenance technology of medical equipment electronic equipment%医疗器械电子设备的维修技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄扬; 蒋延丰

    2016-01-01

    随着我国社会主义现代化建设的不断发展,我国的医疗卫生水平得到了极大的提升。作为医院日常工作中极为重要的组成部分,医疗器械电子设备的维修与管理直接影响着临床工作的顺利开展,其在医院的诊断与治疗过程中发挥着不可替代的作用,引起了医学界的高度重视。本文将着重对医疗器械电子设备普遍存在的问题进行深入分析,并提出相应的维修技术策略,为医院的医疗器械电子设备的维修提供一个参考与借鉴。%With thecontinuous development of China's socialist modernization construction,China's medical and health level has been greatly improved.The daily work of the hospital as a very important part, maintenance and management of medical equipment electronic equipment directly affects the smooth development of clinical work,the in the process of diagnosis and treatment of hospital plays a irreplaceable role,caused the great attention of the medical profession.This article will focus on the medical equipment,electronic equipment,the general problems of the in-depth analysis,and put forward the corresponding technical strategies for the maintenance of medical equipment for the hospital to provide a reference for the maintenance of electronic equipment.

  16. Key Residential Building Equipment Technologies for Control and Grid Support PART I (Residential)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

    2011-09-01

    Electrical energy consumption of the residential sector is a crucial area of research that has in the past primarily focused on increasing the efficiency of household devices such as water heaters, dishwashers, air conditioners, and clothes washer and dryer units. However, the focus of this research is shifting as objectives such as developing the smart grid and ensuring that the power system remains reliable come to the fore, along with the increasing need to reduce energy use and costs. Load research has started to focus on mechanisms to support the power system through demand reduction and/or reliability services. The power system relies on matching generation and load, and day-ahead and real-time energy markets capture most of this need. However, a separate set of grid services exist to address the discrepancies in load and generation arising from contingencies and operational mismatches, and to ensure that the transmission system is available for delivery of power from generation to load. Currently, these grid services are mostly provided by generation resources. The addition of renewable resources with their inherent variability can complicate the issue of power system reliability and lead to the increased need for grid services. Using load as a resource, through demand response programs, can fill the additional need for flexible resources and even reduce costly energy peaks. Loads have been shown to have response that is equal to or better than generation in some cases. Furthermore, price-incentivized demand response programs have been shown to reduce the peak energy requirements, thereby affecting the wholesale market efficiency and overall energy prices. The residential sector is not only the largest consumer of electrical energy in the United States, but also has the highest potential to provide demand reduction and power system support, as technological advancements in load control, sensor technologies, and communication are made. The prevailing loads

  17. Effects of Job Characteristics on Performance of Advanced Manufacturing Technology:an Empirical Examination to Equipment-manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Dashuang; WANG Dongbo; SONG Jinbo

    2006-01-01

    Advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) is pivotal for firms to gain manufacturing performance and competitive advantage. Job characteristics, as a kind of important factors affecting the implementation effects of AMT, have become the focus in the field of academy. Based on a literature review, this study refines the implementation effects of AMT into operational performance, satisfaction and competitive performance, and reclassifies the job characteristics of AMT into job autonomy, job responsibility, job complexity and job significance. With a large sample of 307 equipment-manufacturing firms selected from the 2005 China International Equipment and Manufacturing Exposition, linear structural equation analysis (LIEREL) is performed to examine the relationships between job characteristics and the implementation effects of AMT. The results show that job responsibility and job significance have positive effects on satisfaction; satisfaction is positively correlated with operational performance; operational performance positively affects competitive performance. The findings provide the guide for firms to improve satisfaction, achieve higher operational performance and further gain higher competitive by reasonable job redesign.

  18. Interactive push-button: elaborations main automation and miscellaneous applications equipment statements of museums of science and technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osmar Henrique Moura da Silva

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In Brazil there is a growing trend in the number of informal education settings such as Museums of Science and Technology (MCT and others them. A recent survey indicated about 190 of them in the country, considered a relatively small number to serve over five thousand municipalities. Indeed, this represents heterogeneous group, in that, together with environments, which comparatively are still in early stages of development and expansion of their interactive activities. This activities, recognized for this differences in relation of those formal education activities, are routinely canned out by the visitors from the perspective of free choice, by handling cranks or grip buttons. In this context, this work aims to contribute to those committed with the places of informal education touting major electronic devices that can be easily mounted to the coveted automation equipment interactive push-button, whose applicability in different direction are also discussed.

  19. Frontier Study on Military Logistics Equipment and Technological System%军事物流装备与技术内容体系及发展前沿

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛世成; 徐景麟; 刘泓浩

    2015-01-01

    结合军事物流装备与技术的概念,建立了军事物流装备与技术的内容体系,并根据我军物流装备与技术的发展概况,对军事物流装备与技术的发展前沿进行了分析探究。指出军事物流装备与技术的发展要注重实战化、标准化、一体化和信息化,为军事物流的发展奠定物质和技术基础。%In this paper, in connection with the concept of the military logistics equipment and technologies, we built the military logistics equipment and technological system, then according to the situation of the development of the logistics equipment and technologies of the Chinese army, analyzed the development frontier of the development of the military logistics equipment and technologies, and at the end, pointed out that during the development of the military logistics equipment and technologies, the emphasis should be placed on practicality, standardization, integration and informatization.

  20. Welfare Professions in Transition

    OpenAIRE

    Annette Kamp

    2016-01-01

    Welfare professions constitute one of the backbones in the development of the Nordic welfare states. Working in the public sector was for decades associated with high status; public sector employees were trusted employees. Through their work, they had important responsibilities for the welfare state and its citizens. To provide job security—through employment as officials—was a part of ensuring the stability of the state (Åkerstrøm, 2001), and we saw the establishment of what could be called ...

  1. Achievement report on research and development of medical and welfare equipment technology. Comprehensive wheelchair supporting system; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kurumaisu sogo shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    A comprehensive wheelchair supporting system is developed, which is a combination of a system for supporting the prescription, design, and manufacture of a wheelchair and a system for supporting the movement of the wheelchair. In the development of a motorchair prescription supporting system, a database is constructed containing wheelchair prescription experts' know-how and decision-making criteria, and their prescriptions are standardized. Since the motorchair users are heavily handicapped, an expert system is constructed on the basis of 14 types of basic wheelchairs. A design/manufacture assisting system is developed, which automatedly works out, using data collected in the prescription assisting process, a side view, rear view, and drawings for all parts that are required for the manufacture of a wheelchair. In the development of the movement supporting system, a wheelchair structure is developed, which allows a user to operate the wheelchair unaided in climbing a stairway or stepped passage. In the development of safety devices, a right angle approach automatic control mechanism, askew drive stop mechanism, emergency stop mechanism, start and stop mechanism, auxiliary system to respond upon receiving guidance signals from the wall, and a fastening device are now complete. (NEDO)

  2. Achievement report on research and development of medical and welfare equipment technology. Optical tomographic imaging method; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hikari danso imaging system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    The aim is to develop a method of processing oxygen concentration distribution in human organs into an image by computed tomography using near infrared rays capable of transmitting through living tissues. Since the photoabsorption spectra of hemoglobin etc. in blood vary according to the degree of their oxidation, an oxygen concentration level is determined by measuring the magnitude of the variation. In the imaging method named in the title, the object is irradiated with picosecond-level near infrared pulses from all directions successively, the pulses after transmission through the object are measured at all directions at a picosecond-level time resolution, and the distribution of pulse scattering and absorption characteristics are subjected to algorithmic calculation, the outcome is converted into oxygen concentration levels, and an image is obtained. A 64-channel time resolution measurement system is constructed, and is applied to living tissue models (phantoms) and animals, and an image is obtained and evaluated. On the basis of the result, a patient is examined for clinical evaluation, and an image reflecting the distribution of variations in hemoglobin oxygen concentration is obtained for the head of the adult patient. A spatial resolution of 1cm is achieved in case of a phantom 10cm in diameter. In the case of 64 channels, measurement takes approximately 20 minutes and mapping image data measurement takes approximately 7 minutes. (NEDO)

  3. Development of Adaptive Welfare Equipment in Medicine-engineering Collaboration with Robot Technology : Study of a Skeleton Type Myoelectric Prosthetic Hand by Using Digital Fabrication

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the development method of a simple myoelectric prosthetic hand by using the two type digital fabrication machines, which are a three dimensional printer and a laser cutting machine. The performance of both machines to developing the prosthetic hand is compared in terms of the difficulty of manufacturing and assembly, experimentally. Results demonstrated these digital fabrication capabilities of the prosthetic hand.

  4. Welfare in horse breeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, M.L.H.; Sandøe, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Welfare problems related to the way horses are bred, whether by coitus or by the application of artificial reproduction techniques (ARTs), have been given no discrete consideration within the academic literature. This paper reviews the existing knowledge base about welfare issues in horse breeding...... and identifies areas in which data is lacking. We suggest that all methods of horse breeding are associated with potential welfare problems, but also that the judicious use of ARTs can sometimes help to address those problems. We discuss how negative welfare effects could be identified and limited and how...

  5. Welfare in horse breeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, M.L.H.; Sandøe, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Welfare problems related to the way horses are bred, whether by coitus or by the application of artificial reproduction techniques (ARTs), have been given no discrete consideration within the academic literature. This paper reviews the existing knowledge base about welfare issues in horse breeding...... and identifies areas in which data is lacking. We suggest that all methods of horse breeding are associated with potential welfare problems, but also that the judicious use of ARTs can sometimes help to address those problems. We discuss how negative welfare effects could be identified and limited and how...

  6. Key Residential Building Equipment Technologies for Control and Grid Support PART I (Residential)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

    2011-09-01

    Electrical energy consumption of the residential sector is a crucial area of research that has in the past primarily focused on increasing the efficiency of household devices such as water heaters, dishwashers, air conditioners, and clothes washer and dryer units. However, the focus of this research is shifting as objectives such as developing the smart grid and ensuring that the power system remains reliable come to the fore, along with the increasing need to reduce energy use and costs. Load research has started to focus on mechanisms to support the power system through demand reduction and/or reliability services. The power system relies on matching generation and load, and day-ahead and real-time energy markets capture most of this need. However, a separate set of grid services exist to address the discrepancies in load and generation arising from contingencies and operational mismatches, and to ensure that the transmission system is available for delivery of power from generation to load. Currently, these grid services are mostly provided by generation resources. The addition of renewable resources with their inherent variability can complicate the issue of power system reliability and lead to the increased need for grid services. Using load as a resource, through demand response programs, can fill the additional need for flexible resources and even reduce costly energy peaks. Loads have been shown to have response that is equal to or better than generation in some cases. Furthermore, price-incentivized demand response programs have been shown to reduce the peak energy requirements, thereby affecting the wholesale market efficiency and overall energy prices. The residential sector is not only the largest consumer of electrical energy in the United States, but also has the highest potential to provide demand reduction and power system support, as technological advancements in load control, sensor technologies, and communication are made. The prevailing loads

  7. Survey of available technology for the improvement of gas-fired residential heating equipment. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Putnam, A.A.; Talbert, S.G.; Vergara, R.D.; Levy, A.; DeWerth, D.W.; Norris, T.R.

    1979-08-01

    Available technology was surveyed as to possible application to more efficient gas-fired comfort heating and water heating in residences. Objectives were (1) to evaluate energy saving modifications and design approaches, including both retrofit and new systems, and (2) to identify RD and D required to bring to the marketplace those concepts that have a reasonable payback period. Over 60 concepts, including both retrofit devices and new designs, were identified on the basis of the study of the technical literature and discussions with various segments of industry. After evaluating each concept on the basis of expected initial cost, energy consumption, and operating cost, those concepts with a reasonably short payback period were considered from the point of view of RD and D needs. A principal recommendation covering several specific concepts was the study of condensing heat-exchanger systems. RD and D was recommended on both mechanical and aerodynamically valved pulse combustors, radiant burners, catalytic systems, heat pipe systems, self-powered heating units, and gas-fired heat pumps. Relative to retrofit concepts, recommendations covered the effects of derating on furnace corrosion and the methodology for predicting savings in individual homes. Need was also indicated for a methodology to optimize sizing of heating units and for data on energy demand requirements for integrated appliances. General recommendations related to systems control analysis, minimum venting requirements, and combustion air requirements in tight homes.

  8. APPLIANCES, TECHNOLOGIES AND EQUIPMENT FOR HAULING OF FRUIT OUT THE GARDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uspensky I. A.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available An integral part of technological process for the cultivation of agricultural crop is the transportation issues. For their execution, we require significant energy and labor costs. The statistics show that the proportion of expenses for transportation of goods in agriculture reaches 25-40% of the total costs for ready-to-sale production, when the proportion of farm tractor transportations reaches 60% of the total. Thus, there are considerable losses of production, reaching in separate cases up to 50%. They are especially great in the harvesting and post-harvest cycles of crop production which is connected with crop damage during transportation. Large losses of fruit and vegetable products when transporting might be connected with their mechanical damage level during loading, unloading and transportation. This causes the urgency of the problem of preservation when transporting fruit and vegetables. One of the prior national issues is "... the development of directions to improve road transport maintenance with the aim of improving the quality of the transport process, which includes increasing commercial speed of freight flows by 2-3 times, increase productivity and profitability of road transport systems by 2-3 times, reducing the environmental load on nature by 20% ... " and others mentioned in the "Transport Strategy of Russia until 2020"

  9. A NOVEL SEPARATION TECHNOLOGY FOR NANO PARTICLES AT DISCHARGE OF COMBUSTION AND INCINERATION EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Accornero

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Still today, the issue of safely and efficiently avoiding the atmospheric release of the nano-particles produced by combustion and incineration processes is a critical and open challenge. This study addresses the conception, the technological realization and the first experimental testing of a new device suitable for in-duct filtration and separation of nano particles dispersed into flue-gas streams. The active filtering material is a membrane made from ptfe foil, in origin impermeable but suitable to allow creation, once properly stretched, of an inner texture of permeable micro- and nano-tubes, thus inducing activation of van der Waals effects to the advantage of improved particles’ sticking. The experimental tests confirm attainment of a remarkable filtration capacity, way better than the so-called ‘absolute filters’. Moreover, the filtration material allows to undergo a simple and safe “regeneration cleaning”  process by which the particles can be re-collected off-duct without any filter dismantling.

  10. Technology for Trusted IP Access Control Equipment%IP设备可信接入控制技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛晓滨; 许剑

    2011-01-01

    Trusted IP equipment proposed access control technology is proposed in this paper. The adoption of this technology can achieve a medium-sized enterprise information network for all IP devices in the management and control of access behavior. The system based on Linux system Python language to develop and management of end users in the Web interface through the IP visual resource planning, allocation, and can be used to develop a variety of IP strategy.The system realizes the information network for all IP devices on the access behavior of the control, in control, thus enhancing the security of information networks.%提出了IP设备可信接入控制技术.通过该技术的应用,实现了大中型企业信息网络中所有IP设备的接入行为的管理与控制,系统采用基于Linux系统的Python语言进行开发,用户在Web管理端通过可视化的界面进行IP资源的规划、分配,同时可以制定各种IP使用策略.系统实现了对信息网所有IP设备接入行为的可控、在控,从而提高了信息网络的安全性.

  11. Double Twisting Technology Development and Equipment Selection%倍捻技术发展与设备选型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘荣清

    2012-01-01

    探讨倍捻技术发展状况及设备选型依据.系统阐述了倍捻机的分类、结构特点和单锭传动等新技术的应用,并与传统捻线机进行了利弊对比分析,提出了选型依据.指出:倍捻机具有产量高、卷装大、结头少、劳动生产率高等优点,选型中重点应关注产品质量、耗电、占地面积、万米结头数、劳动生产率等指标.认为,倍捻机研发的主攻方向是减少电耗和占地面积,扩大产品的适应范围,增加使用的经济效益.应加强技术研发,创造出更多具有自主知识产权的倍捻机新产品.%Development status and equipment selection foundation of double twisting technology were discussed-Classification and structure property of double twister were introduced systematically as well as spindle drive et al new technology application. Double twister was contrasted with traditional twister,selection basis was put forward. It is pointed out that advantages of double twister are larger volume and output,less knots,higher labor productivity et al. Indexes of product quality,power consumption,covering area,knots number per 100 000 meters and labor productivity should be paid special attention to in equipment selection. It is considered that the main R & D direction of double twister should be reducing power consumption and covering area,increasing product range,adding economic benefits. Technology R & D should be strengthened to create more double twister with independent intellectual property.

  12. Policing Welfare: Risk, Gender and Criminality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scarlet Wilcock

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the last three decades, welfare states across the West have embraced a host of new technologies and initiatives in the name of fighting welfare abuse and fraud (see Cook 1989, 2006; Wacquant 2001, 2009. Increasingly, these practices of ‘welfare policing’ are graduated according to risk; particular welfare populations considered at greater risk of welfare fraud are subject to more intense scrutiny. Drawing on interview research with compliance staff from the Australian Department of Human Services, this paper critically explores how the rationality of risk figures in the process of welfare surveillance in Australia. It pays particular attention to the ways in which risk formulations are embedded in gender and class politics, and how this has led to the characterisation of single mothers and unemployed recipients as more ‘risky’ than the general welfare population, a point that is often overlooked in the literature. But, far from being immutable, this paper also considers how the politics of risk are open to reformulation with often unexpected results.

  13. The Danish Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jørgen Elm; Bengtsson, Tea Torbenfeldt; Frederiksen, Morten

    The Danish Welfare State analyzes a broad range of areas, such as globalization, labor marked, family life, health and social exclusion, the book demonstrates that life in a modern welfare state is changing rapidly, creating both challenges and possibilities for future management....

  14. The Danish welfare state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jørgen Elm; Bengtsson, Tea Torbenfeldt; Frederiksen, Morten

    The Danish Welfare State analyzes a broad range of areas, such as globalization, labor marked, family life, health and social exclusion, the book demonstrates that life in a modern welfare state is changing rapidly, creating both challenges and possibilities for future management....

  15. The Child Welfare Cartel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoesz, David

    2016-01-01

    The probity of the Children's Bureau's National Child Welfare Workforce Institute (NCWWI) is examined with respect to the status of child welfare as well as the performance of social work education. By requiring that funding go only to accredited schools of social work, which is not authorized by relevant provisions of the Social Security Act,…

  16. The Child Welfare Cartel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoesz, David

    2016-01-01

    The probity of the Children's Bureau's National Child Welfare Workforce Institute (NCWWI) is examined with respect to the status of child welfare as well as the performance of social work education. By requiring that funding go only to accredited schools of social work, which is not authorized by relevant provisions of the Social Security Act,…

  17. Wellbeing or welfare benefits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handlos, Line Neerup; Kristiansen, Maria; Nørredam, Marie Louise

    2016-01-01

    This debate article debunks the myth that migrants are driven primarily by the size of the welfare benefits in the host country, when they decide where to migrate to. We show that instead of welfare benefits, migrants are driven by a desire for safety, wellbeing, social networks and opportunities...

  18. Market Access and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Woodland, Alan D.

    2015-01-01

    Well known tariff reform rules that are guaranteed to increase welfare will not necessarily increase market access, while rules that are guaranteed to increase market access will not necessarily increase welfare. The present paper proposes a new set of tariff reforms that can achieve both...

  19. 浅谈先进制造技术与现代装备价值管理%Advanced Manufacturing Technology and Value Management of Modern Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙志平

    2013-01-01

      文章通过介绍当今机械先进制造技术以及在先进制造技术基础上生产的现代装备的特征,进而阐述现代装备价值管理的具体思路。%The article presents the current advanced manufacturing technology and the features of modern equipment by advanced manufacturing technology, and then discusses the idea of value management of modern equipment.

  20. The Scandinavian Welfare States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte

    1987-01-01

    that the Scandinavian welfare states are the most advanced in relation to women and dicusses both the potentialities and the dangers in the Scandinavian welfare states in relation to women. The paper points to the need to integrate gender relations in the theoretical model for an analysis of the welfare state...... and emphasises the need to explore the relationship between the family and the state ( and the family and the economy) in difefrent wefare states. The paper emphasises that the qualitative difference in the organization of care work are important for understanding the institutional differences for between...... the welfare states, and especially the Scandinavian welfare states, where motherhood and care work has to day bef´come part of social citizenship The auther argues that even though women have in important ways been empowered in the Scandinavian woefare states as mothers, workers and citizens, they have...

  1. Nationalism, Gender and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte; Stoltz, Pauline

    is associated with ‘social democratic’ perceptions of welfare and gender equality. Brochmann and Hagelund (2010) have pointed towards a specific form of Scandinavian welfare nationalism which is challenged by globalization and increased migration. We add that gender equality is a key aspect of the Scandinavian...... politics of belonging and that this has implications for our understanding of the challenges which can be recognised in the contemporary politics of gender and welfare in Scandinavia. This point is illustrated by exploring the problematic ways in which contemporary nationalist parties in Sweden, Denmark...... and Norway have linked national belongings with support for the welfare state and gender equality politics. These observations in turn raise theoretical, normative and analytical questions about understandings and conceptualizations of the nationalism, welfare and gender.The article aims to explore what...

  2. Drivers for Welfare Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    Innovation has become a key goal towards which teaching and workplace learning needs to be directed. Now perceived as germane and even necessary in almost all kinds of welfare work, the innovation potential in everyday practices and ways of allowing for employer creativity have become a highly...... on the empirical material, the paper proposes a ‘driver’ model for context sensitive research of innovation in welfare workplaces. The model involves three elements which can be regarded as drivers for innovation: i) craft (i.e. professional skills and knowledge), ii) levers (i.e. experiments and adjustment...... that are not necessarily perceived, performed, and changed in phases. A pragmatic and situated perspective on welfare innovation suggests a conception of welfare innovation which is not translated from firm innovation, but derived directly from welfare contexts....

  3. Removal of contaminants from equipment and debris and waste minimization using TechXtract{reg_sign} technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonem, M.W. [EET, Inc., Bellaire, TX (United States)

    1997-10-01

    Under this Program Research and Development Agreement (PRDA), EET, Inc., is extending its proprietary TechXtract{reg_sign} chemical decontamination technology into an effective, economical, integrated contaminant removal system. This integrated system will consist of a series of decontamination baths using the TechXtract{reg_sign} chemical formulas, followed by a waste treatment process that will remove the contaminants from the spent chemicals. Sufficient decontamination will result so that materials can be released without restriction after they have been treated, even those materials that have traditionally been considered to be {open_quotes}undecontaminable.{close_quotes} The secondary liquid waste will then be treated to separate any hazardous and radioactive contaminants, so that the spent chemicals and wastewater can be discharged through conventional, permitted outlets. The TechXtract{reg_sign} technology is a unique process that chemically extracts hazardous contaminants from the surface and substrate of concrete, steel, and other solid materials. This technology has been used successfully to remove contaminants as varied as PCBs, radionuclides, heavy metals, and hazardous organics. The process` advantage over other alternatives is its effectiveness in safe and consistent extraction of subsurface contamination. TechXtract{reg_sign} is a proprietary process developed, owned, and provided by EET, Inc. The objective of the PRDA is to demonstrate on a full-scale basis an economical system for decontaminating equipment and debris, with further treatment of secondary waste streams to minimize waste volumes. Contaminants will be removed from the contaminated items to levels where they can be released for unrestricted use. The entire system will be designed with maximum flexibility and automation in mind.

  4. Global perspectives on animal welfare: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporale, V; Alessandrini, B; Dalla Villa, P; Del Papa, S

    2005-08-01

    Effective implementation and enforcement of legislation is essential to ensure animal welfare. In the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) European Region the well-established body of national and European Union laws in existence is growing continuously. The growth is due to various factors, such as new technology in animal farming and experimentation, exploitation of wildlife, new understanding of animal needs, and increasing public awareness and concern. The latter, in particular, determines the need for new animal welfare legislation to regulate and discipline the 'use' of animals for different purposes, such as food production, companionship, work and leisure. This paper intends to provide an overview of the more relevant activities carried out by the Council of Europe and the European Union in the field of animal welfare. The authors identify eLearning as a tool to harmonise the interpretation and the implementation of animal welfare legislation.

  5. Research on confected rice and its processing technology and equipment%配米工艺及设备的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄淑娟; 李春雷; 柳轶明

    2012-01-01

    The definition,classification and technology of confected rice were researched.Major confected rice equipments were introduced including the advantages and disadvantages of different confected rice technology.%探讨了配米的定义、分类和工艺,分析了不同配米工艺的优缺点,介绍了主要配米设备。

  6. Animal welfare and eggs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Laura Mørch

    This paper identifies revealed willingness to pay for animal welfare using a panel mixed logit model allowing for correlation between willingness to pay for different types of production. We utilize a unique household level panel, combining real purchases with survey data on perceived public...... and private good attributes of different types of eggs. We find that the estimated correlations are consistent with the levels of animal welfare, and that consumers perceiving a stronger connection between animal welfare and the organic label have higher willingness to pay for organic eggs, even when we...

  7. Animal welfare and eggs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Laura Mørch

    This paper identifies revealed willingness to pay for animal welfare using a panel mixed logit model allowing for correlation between willingness to pay for different types of production. We utilize a unique household level panel, combining real purchases with survey data on perceived public...... and private good attributes of different types of eggs. We find that the estimated correlations are consistent with the levels of animal welfare, and that consumers perceiving a stronger connection between animal welfare and the organic label have higher willingness to pay for organic eggs, even when we...

  8. Market Access and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Woodland, Alan D.

    According to the literature, well known tariff reform rules that are guaranteed to increase welfare will not necessarily increase market access, while rules that are guaranteed to increase market access will not necessarily increase welfare. Such conflict between welfare and market access...... objectives of trade policy is problematic and calls for finding alternative tariff reform rules that can achieve both objectives at the same time. The present paper contributes to this aim by using a new set of tariff reforms that are based on local optimality. Using such reforms it is shown that market...

  9. Management of Meteorological Equipment Warehouse Based on RFID Tags Technology%基于RFID电子标签的气象装备库管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郎东梅; 王连华

    2013-01-01

    根据我国气象装备库业务管理现状,结合RFID电子标签技术,开展气象装备库现代化管理的研究.通过对RFID电子标签构成和工作原理的研究认识,设计一套基于电子标签技术的气象装备库管理系统,介绍该系统各部分组成和信息流程,重点介绍气象装备信息录入硬件子系统设计及其工作原理.归纳总结出RFID电子标签技术给气象装备库管理带来的改进,并对该技术应用在气象装备库管理中将发挥的作用和效益进行展望.%The modern management technology of meteorological equipment warehouse is discussed according to the present management situation of meteorological equipment warehouses,combined with RFID tag technology.Based on the composition and working principles of RFID electronic tags,a meteorological equipment management system was designed,and the system components and information flow are introduced,emphatically the system design and working principles of the meteorological equipment information input subsystem.A summary of improvements in meteorological equipment management relied on tag technology is given.The future application and benefits of tag technology in meteorological equipment warehouse management is explored.

  10. Technology and Equipment of Waste Heat Recovery in Dryer Section of Paper Machine%纸机干燥部余热回收技术与设备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀文

    2012-01-01

    Some waste heat recovery technology and equipment used in dryer section of paper machine at home and abroad were introduced in this paper.%介绍一些国际、国内余热回收技术和设备,供同行分析、研究和借鉴.

  11. New networks of technological creation in energy industries: reassessment of the roles of equipment suppliers and operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacquier-Roux, V. [Institut de Recherche Economique sur la Production et le Developpement -IREPD, Universite Pierre Mendes-France, 38 - Grenoble (France); Bourgeois, B. [Institut d' Economie et de Politique de l' Energie - IEPE-CNRS/ Universite Pierre Mendes-France, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2002-12-01

    Within a financial context of selection inducing either a decrease or a drop of their home research and development expenditures, energy industries companies have succeeded to maintain and even to increase their knowledge production during the last 15 years (1985 - 1998). To understand these apparently paradoxical changes, elements of analysis are looked for within an evolutionary framework, and more specially referring to the related developments to network-firms, user-supplier relationship, and interactive nature of innovation processes. Empirical data are set on granted patents to a sample of the top 15 world largest companies on both sides of operators and equipment suppliers, and for the two industries of oil production and power generation. Interpretation of the results suggests that two dynamics ought to be distinguished. On one side, dynamics of the networks of technological creation is characterized by an upstream going-up of the head of the network towards suppliers. On the other side networks of creation of competitive advantages and bargaining power continues to be based on the operators and their strategies of adaptation to the constraints and opportunities of their institutional, financial and competitive environment. (author)

  12. Comprehensive Child Welfare Information System. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    This final rule replaces the Statewide and Tribal Automated Child Welfare Information Systems (S/TACWIS) rule with the Comprehensive Child Welfare Information System (CCWIS) rule. The rule also makes conforming amendments in rules in related requirements. This rule will assist title IV-E agencies in developing information management systems that leverage new innovations and technology in order to better serve children and families. More specifically, this final rule supports the use of cost-effective, innovative technologies to automate the collection of high-quality case management data and to promote its analysis, distribution, and use by workers, supervisors, administrators, researchers, and policy makers.

  13. Laser Technology and Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    5W CW Diode-Pumped Solid-State Green Laser;QCW Diode-Pumped Solid-State Green Laser;High Beam Quality Diode-Pumped In-Frared Laser;High Beam Quality Diode-Pumped Infrared Laser;QCW Diode-Pumped Solid-State UV Laser;

  14. Zoo Animal Welfare Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koene, P.

    2012-01-01

    Species with specific environmental adaptations may show specific behavioral adaptations, difficulty in adapting to a new environment, and hence suboptimal functioning and fitness. Discrepancy between natural behavioral adaptations and behavioral possibilities in captivity may cause welfare problems

  15. Welfare Undominated Groves Mechanisms

    CERN Document Server

    Apt, Krzysztof R; Guo, Mingyu; Markakis, Evangelos

    2008-01-01

    A common objective in mechanism design is to choose the outcome (for example, allocation of resources) that maximizes the sum of the agents' valuations, without introducing incentives for agents to misreport their preferences. The class of Groves mechanisms achieves this; however, these mechanisms require the agents to make payments, thereby reducing the agents' total welfare. In this paper we introduce a measure for comparing two mechanisms with respect to the final welfare they generate. This measure induces a partial order on mechanisms and we study the question of finding minimal elements with respect to this partial order. In particular, we say a non-deficit Groves mechanism is welfare undominated if there exists no other non-deficit Groves mechanism that always has a smaller or equal sum of payments. We focus on two domains: (i) auctions with multiple identical units and unit-demand bidders, and (ii) mechanisms for public project problems. In the first domain we analytically characterize all welfare und...

  16. Trade, Environment & Animal Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morrison, Peter; Nielsen, Laura

    2013-01-01

    Regulation of animal welfare and the environment under the WTO GATT and GATS Agreements - including introduction of the innovative idea of limiting consumption abroad (mode 2) for e.g. bull fights.......Regulation of animal welfare and the environment under the WTO GATT and GATS Agreements - including introduction of the innovative idea of limiting consumption abroad (mode 2) for e.g. bull fights....

  17. Welfare Professions in Transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Kamp

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Welfare professions constitute one of the backbones in the development of the Nordic welfare states. Working in the public sector was for decades associated with high status; public sector employees were trusted employees. Through their work, they had important responsibilities for the welfare state and its citizens. To provide job security—through employment as officials—was a part of ensuring the stability of the state (Åkerstrøm, 2001, and we saw the establishment of what could be called a public ethos, a special morality aimed at serving the needs of the citizens and the state (Hoggett, 2005. The term welfare professions is widely used, referring to public sector employees in the field of, for example, health, education, care, and social work. So this term covers professionals who work directly in contact with patients, citizens, clients, students, etc. (Brante, 1990; Järvinen & Mik-Meyer, 2012. Along with the development and modernization of the welfare state, a number of new welfare professions, such as pedagogues, social works, physiotherapists, social care assistants, and auxiliary nurses have joined the existing ones like nurses, teachers, psychologists, and physicians. At the same time, however, the public sector has undergone dramatic changes as part of a neoliberal transformation of the welfare state. With the New Public Management (NPM wave from 1980s and onwards efforts to restructure public institutions and introduce market-like relationships between them, to outsource and privatize public services and to transform citizens to customers in a market have prevailed (Busch, 2005; Christensen & Lægreid, 2007; Greve, 2008. Within this reform strategy, welfare professionals are perceived as part of the problem that NPM is created to solve, namely an uncontrollable and wildly growing bureaucracy (Clarke & Newman, 1997 (...

  18. Key technologies and equipment for a fully mechanized top-coal caving operation with a large mining height at ultra-thick coal seams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jinhua Wang; Bin Yu; Hongpu Kang; Guofa Wang; Debing Mao; Yuntao Liang; Pengfei Jiang

    2015-01-01

    Thick and ultra-thick coal seams are main coal seams for high production rate and high efficiency in Chinese coal mines, which accounts for 44%of the total minable coal reserve. A fully mechanized top-coal caving mining method is a main underground coal extraction method for ultra-thick coal seams. The coal extraction technologies for coal seams less than 14 m thick were extensively used in China. However, for coal seams with thickness greater than 14 m, there have been no reported cases in the world for underground mechanical extraction with safe performance, high efficiency and high coal recovery ratio. To deal with this case, China Coal Technology&Engineering Group, Datong Coal Mine Group, and other 15 organizations in China launched a fundamental and big project to develop coal mining technologies and equipment for coal seams with thicknesses greater than 14 m. After the completion of the project, a coal extraction method was developed for top-coal caving with a large mining height, as well as a ground control theory for ultra-thick coal seams. In addition, the mining technology for top-coal caving with a large mining height, the ground support technology for roadway in coal seams with a large cross-section, and the prevention and control technology for gas and fire hazards were developed and applied. Furthermore, a hydraulic support with a mining height of 5.2 m, a shearer with high reliability, and auxiliary equipment were developed and manufactured. Practical implication on the technologies and equipment developed was successfully completed at the No. 8105 coal face in the Tashan coal mine, Datong, China. The major achievements of the project are summarized as follows:1. A top-coal caving method for ultra-thick coal seams is proposed with a cutting height of 5 m and a top-coal caving height of 15 m. A structural mechanical model of overlying strata called cantilever beam-articulated rock beam is established. Based on the model, the load resistance of the

  19. Medical equipment management

    CERN Document Server

    Willson, Keith; Tabakov, Slavik

    2013-01-01

    Know What to Expect When Managing Medical Equipment and Healthcare Technology in Your Organization As medical technology in clinical care becomes more complex, clinical professionals and support staff must know how to keep patients safe and equipment working in the clinical environment. Accessible to all healthcare professionals and managers, Medical Equipment Management presents an integrated approach to managing medical equipment in healthcare organizations. The book explains the underlying principles and requirements and raises awareness of what needs to be done and what questions to ask. I

  20. 蛙人运载装备体系发展现状及关键技术%Current Status of Swimmer Delivery Equipment System and Key Technologies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 刘涛

    2012-01-01

    Swimmer delivery equipment is a new type of weapon equipment applied in special naval forces nowadays. Various countries have paid great attention to the development of the equipment since the end of World War II. First the current status of swimmer delivery equipment system including diver propulsion vehicle (DPV) , swimmer/SEAL delivery vehicle (SDV) , dry deck shelter (DDS) and advanced SEAL delivery system (ASDS ) is reviewed. Then the key technologies of swimmer delivery equipment at present stage are listed in detail.%蛙人运载装备是海军特种部队的新型武器装备,在二次世界大战后受到各国广泛重视.首先对近年来国外蛙人运载装备体系包含的小型蛙人推进装置( DPV)、湿式蛙人输送艇(SDV)、干甲板掩蔽舱(DDS)以及大型干式蛙人运载器(ASDS)的研制现状进行综述,然后详细列举了现阶段蛙人运载装备的关键技术.

  1. The Nordic Welfare Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Helle; Thrane, Claus

    2011-01-01

    to include maternity/paternity leave, benefits, childcare and leave to take care of sick children. The aim of this paper is to increase awareness and elucidate the impact of welfare policies on women’s entrepreneurship because it may impact on women’s entrepreneurial behaviour. The paper investigates...... entrepreneurs. The implications for policy makers are that if they are serious about increasing the number of female entrepreneurs, and achieving equality in the labour market, then future Welfare Models should be tailored to the needs of this group of individuals. So far it has been taken for granted...... that the initiation of public childcare would facilitate increased entrepreneurship among women. Our study shows that this is not necessarily so, that women utilize ‘babystrapping’ strategies, and that there is a schism between welfare models that facilitate employment and those that facilitate entrepreneurship....

  2. From Vikings to Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gert Tinggaard, Svendsen; Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    The Scandinavian welfare states hold the highest social trust scores in the world. Why? Based on the stationary bandit model by Olson (1993), we first demonstrate that early state building during Viking Age facilitated public good provision and extensive trade. Social trust were probably not dest......The Scandinavian welfare states hold the highest social trust scores in the world. Why? Based on the stationary bandit model by Olson (1993), we first demonstrate that early state building during Viking Age facilitated public good provision and extensive trade. Social trust were probably...... not destroyed but rather accumulated in the following centuries up till the universal welfare state of the 20th century. Focusing on the case of Denmark, our tentative argument is that social trust was not destroyed through five subsequent phases of state building but rather enhanced. Long-run political...

  3. The Nordic Welfare Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Helle; Thrane, Claus

     The aim of this paper is to elucidate the impact of welfare policies on women's entrepreneurship because the benefits of these policies do not reflect in the numbers of female entrepreneurs. These are consistently similar to those in other countries that do not have a similar welfare model. Hence...... this article seeks to investigate the reasons underlying this apparent anomaly so that future policies in Scandinavia nd Europe may be tailored to suit the needs of female entrepreneurs. We are addressing this through the analytical lens of a gender regime model which shows that hierarchical gender patterns...... have proven remarkably resilient and that social context matters. The results of the analysis shows that there is a schism between welfare models that facilitate employment and those that facilitate   entrepreneurship and that in order to overcome the obstacles female entrepreneurs 'babystrap'....

  4. Welfare of broiler chickens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Sirri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Broiler chickens have been selected for their rapid growth rate as well as for high carcass yields, with particular regard to the breast, and reared in intensive systems at high stocking density ranging from 30 to 40 kg live weight/m2. These conditions lead to a worsening of the welfare status of birds. In Europe a specific directive for the protection of broiler chickens has been recently approved whereas in Italy there is not yet any regulation. The EU directive lays down minimum rules for the protection of chickens kept for meat production and gives indications on management practices with particular focus on stocking density, light regimen and air quality, training and guidance for people dealing with chickens, as well as monitoring plans for holding and slaughterhouse. In this review the rearing factors influencing the welfare conditions of birds are described and detailed information on the effects of stocking density, light regimen, litter characteristic and air quality (ammonia, carbon dioxide, humidity, dust are provided. Moreover, the main health implications of poor welfare conditions of the birds, such as contact dermatitis, metabolic, skeletal and muscular disorders are considered. The behavioural repertoire, including scratching, dust bathing, ground pecking, wing flapping, locomotor activity, along with factors that might impair these aspects, are discussed. Lastly, farm animal welfare assessment through physiological and behavioural indicators is described with particular emphasis on the “Unitary Welfare Index,” a tool that considers a wide range of indicators, including productive traits, in order to audit and compare the welfare status of chickens kept in different farms.

  5. From Vikings to Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gert Tinggaard, Svendsen; Svendsen, Gunnar Lind Haase

    The Scandinavian welfare states hold the highest social trust scores in the world. Why? Based on the stationary bandit model by Olson (1993), we first demonstrate that early state building during Viking Age facilitated public good provision and extensive trade. Social trust were probably not dest......The Scandinavian welfare states hold the highest social trust scores in the world. Why? Based on the stationary bandit model by Olson (1993), we first demonstrate that early state building during Viking Age facilitated public good provision and extensive trade. Social trust were probably...

  6. East Asian welfare regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamson, Peter

    2017-01-01

    . Political science studies tend to conclude that the region has left the old legacies behind and are now welfare states comparable to European states including them either in the conservative type (e.g. Japan), the liberal type (e.g. Korea) or even as a tendency in the Nordic type (e.g. China), while studies......The paper asks if East Asian welfare regimes are still productivist and Confucian? And, have they developed public care policies? The literature is split on the first question but (mostly) confirmative on the second. Care has to a large, but insufficient extent, been rolled out in the region...

  7. Who cares about fish welfare?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellingsen, Kristian; Grimsrud, Kristine; Nielsen, Hanne Marie

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is threefold: first, to assess how concerned Norwegians are about fish welfare; second, to investigate Norwegians’ willingness to pay for salmon filet made from welfare-assured farmed fish with high levels of welfare; and third, to examine Norwegian opinions ab...... concern about animal welfare is growing in the western world, very little attention has been given to the welfare of fish. This paper aims to make up for this by presenting a study of how Norwegians view the welfare of farmed salmon....

  8. 滚动体加工工艺技术与装备发展方向%Machining Process Technology and Development Direction of Equipment for Rolling Elements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永乾

    2015-01-01

    The machining process technology and equipment are introduced for rolling elements in China,and the cur-rent situation and existing main problems about machining process for rolling elements in China are analyzed.The de-velopment direction of machining process technology for rolling elements is discussed.%通过对国内滚动体加工工艺技术及装备的介绍,分析了我国滚动体加工工艺现状及存在的主要问题,探讨了滚动体加工工艺技术的发展方向。

  9. Welfare issues of modern laying hen farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Ferrante

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This review starts with a brief outline of poultry behaviour and biology and a description of the present laying hen farming situation in Italy. Moreover, it points out the situation of EU legislation currently in effect for laying hen welfare. It then reviews the main welfare issues of layer farming. The following aspects are considered: rearing system (e.g. stocking density, light intensity and photoperiod, equipment and facilities and some health aspects. All these aspects represent important issues for farmed species, but special attention should be paid when we deal with intensively farmed species like poultry, where a lot of potential stressors may impair the welfare with consequences on health and production. The adoption of suitable housing systems and of adequate management techniques, as well as the presence of well trained stockpersons with a sound knowledge of poultry physiology and behaviour, are particularly important in guaranteeing a sufficient welfare level to poultry. Therefore, the adoption of specific codes of recommendations is highly desirable.

  10. Power and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mik-Meyer, Nanna; Villadsen, Kaspar

    approaches, their weaknesses and indicates some possibilities of theoretical integration. Including case studies of patients, nursing home residents, unemployed people, homeless people, and young offenders, from the USA, Denmark, France, Sweden, Canada, and Australia, Power and Welfare is designed...... for students and researchers of social policy, sociology, anthropology, political science, education, nursing and social work....

  11. Power and welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mik-Meyer, Nanna; Villadsen, Kasper

    approaches, their weaknesses and indicates some possibilities of theoretical integration. Including case studies of patients, nursing home residents, unemployed people, homeless people, and young offenders, from the USA, Denmark, France, Sweden, Canada, and Australia, Power and Welfare is designed...... for students and researchers of social policy, sociology, anthropology, political science, education, nursing and social work....

  12. Farm animal welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandøe, Peter; Christiansen, Stine Billeschou; Appleby, M. C.

    2003-01-01

    An experimental survey was undertaken to explore the links between the characteristics of a moral issue, the degree of moral intensity/moral imperative associated with the issue (Jones, 1991), and people’s stated willingness to pay (wtp) for policy to address the issue. Two farm animal welfare...

  13. Activating Welfare States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvist, Jon

    This paper investigates how welfare states may actively contribute to promote employment opportunities, i.e. participation in the labour market through various operations and policies. The principal operations concern in particular the de-familiarisation of caring tasks through social services...

  14. Modelling Farm Animal Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Lisa M; Part, Chérie E

    2013-05-16

    The use of models in the life sciences has greatly expanded in scope and advanced in technique in recent decades. However, the range, type and complexity of models used in farm animal welfare is comparatively poor, despite the great scope for use of modeling in this field of research. In this paper, we review the different modeling approaches used in farm animal welfare science to date, discussing the types of questions they have been used to answer, the merits and problems associated with the method, and possible future applications of each technique. We find that the most frequently published types of model used in farm animal welfare are conceptual and assessment models; two types of model that are frequently (though not exclusively) based on expert opinion. Simulation, optimization, scenario, and systems modeling approaches are rarer in animal welfare, despite being commonly used in other related fields. Finally, common issues such as a lack of quantitative data to parameterize models, and model selection and validation are discussed throughout the review, with possible solutions and alternative approaches suggested.

  15. Modelling Farm Animal Welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chérie E. Part

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The use of models in the life sciences has greatly expanded in scope and advanced in technique in recent decades. However, the range, type and complexity of models used in farm animal welfare is comparatively poor, despite the great scope for use of modeling in this field of research. In this paper, we review the different modeling approaches used in farm animal welfare science to date, discussing the types of questions they have been used to answer, the merits and problems associated with the method, and possible future applications of each technique. We find that the most frequently published types of model used in farm animal welfare are conceptual and assessment models; two types of model that are frequently (though not exclusively based on expert opinion. Simulation, optimization, scenario, and systems modeling approaches are rarer in animal welfare, despite being commonly used in other related fields. Finally, common issues such as a lack of quantitative data to parameterize models, and model selection and validation are discussed throughout the review, with possible solutions and alternative approaches suggested.

  16. Farm animal welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandøe, Peter; Christiansen, Stine Billeschou; Appleby, M. C.

    2003-01-01

    An experimental survey was undertaken to explore the links between the characteristics of a moral issue, the degree of moral intensity/moral imperative associated with the issue (Jones, 1991), and people’s stated willingness to pay (wtp) for policy to address the issue. Two farm animal welfare...

  17. The Nordic Welfare Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Helle; Thrane, Claus

    have proven remarkably resilient and that social context matters. The results of the analysis shows that there is a schism between welfare models that facilitate employment and those that facilitate   entrepreneurship and that in order to overcome the obstacles female entrepreneurs 'babystrap'....

  18. Advanced technologies for maintenance of electrical systems and equipment at the Savannah River Site Defense Waste Processing Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husler, R.O. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)); Weir, T.J. (Pentek, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States))

    1991-01-01

    An enhanced maintenance program is being established to characterize and monitor cables, components, and process response at the Savannah River Site, Defense Waste Processing Facility. This facility was designed and constructed to immobilize the radioactive waste currently stored in underground storage tanks and is expected to begin operation in 1993. The plant is initiating the program to baseline and monitor instrument and control (I C) and electrical equipment, remote process equipment, embedded instrument and control cables, and in-cell jumper cables used in the facility. This program is based on the electronic characterization and diagnostic (ECAD) system which was modified to include process response analysis and to meet rigid Department of Energy equipment requirements. The system consists of computer-automated, state-of-the-art electronics. The data that are gathered are stored in a computerized database for analysis, trending, and troubleshooting. It is anticipated that the data which are gathered and trended will aid in life extension for the facility.

  19. Equipment Monitoring and Diagnostic Technology%设备监测与诊断技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵凌俊

    2009-01-01

    According to the characteristics of the power industry, power plants in the Aetna Group, set up a system of monitoring and diagnosis of equipment failure, the operation and management of equipment and played a good effect, that the equipment monitoring and diagnostic teehniques applied in the enterprise.%根据电力行业的特点,在安泰集团发电厂建立了相应的设备故障监测诊断体系,对设备的运行管理起到了较好的效果,指出设备监测与诊断技术在企业中应用的必要性.

  20. Application of Step Control Technology on Rolling Lines Equipment System%步进控制技术在绕线设备系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯军

    2014-01-01

    In order to satisfy the requirements of stable and precise rolling for the rolling lines equipment sys-tem, the rolling lines equipment system based on step control technology is developed .After brief description the technology characteristics of step motor , step driver and step controller , the application of the step control technology on the rolling lines equipment system is discussed .The system constitution , working principle , technology characteristics and software and hardware implementation methods of the rolling lines equipment are introduced , and the electrical system wiring diagram and part of the control program block are given .Practical use indicates that the rolling lines equipment control system using step control technology has good real time property .The auto-parameters can be configured flexibly .The system has stable performance and high rolling precision , satisfying the technical requirements .%为了满足绕线设备系统的稳定精密绕制要求,研制了基于步进控制技术的绕线设备系统。在简述步进电机、步进驱动器及步进控制器技术特点的基础上,讲述了步进控制技术在绕线设备系统中的应用,介绍了绕线设备的系统组成、工作原理、技术特点和软硬件实现方法,并给出了设备电气系统接线图和部分系统控制程序段。使用结果表明,采用步进控制技术的绕线设备控制系统实时性好,自动参数可以灵活设置。系统性能稳定,绕线精度高,能满足工艺使用要求。

  1. Mercury Pollution Control Technology of Mercury Containing Equipment%含汞设备汞污染控制技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛瑞; 蒋洪; 陈倩

    2016-01-01

    Mercury pollutants in natural gas not only cause pollution and corrosion of equip-ment, the impact of production efficiency, but also on the human body and the environ-ment there is a definite harm. Equipment of mercury exists mainly in the form of elemental mercury, particle size, adsorption and permeation on the inner wall of the equipment, or with the oil, furring together adhesion on the inner wall. Mercury will cause corrosion to equipment, especially for aluminum equipment. This paper summarizes the general methods of domestic and foreign experience and metal cleaning,proposed containing mercury remov-al methods including artificial jet cleaning method,the steam cleaning method,cyclic chem-ical cleaning method. According to the device type and mercury pollution degree, choose suitable mercury cleaning method, and puts forward equipment for mercury technical re-quirements, of containing mercury pollution control, Recommended when mercury envi-ronment homework allows contact concentration (the PEL) for 20 μg/m3. At run time, mercury containing equipment should be timely detection and cleaning,in order to avoid the harm from mercury.%天然气中的汞不仅对设备造成污染和腐蚀,而且对人体及环境都有一定的危害。设备内的汞主要以单质汞的形式存在,颗粒大小不一,吸附渗透在设备内壁或与油污、水垢等一起黏附在内壁上。汞会对设备造成腐蚀,尤其是铝制设备。归纳并综合国内外经验和金属清洗的一般方法,提出了含汞设备的汞清除方法,包括人工喷射清洗法、蒸汽清洗法、循环化学清洗法等,根据设备类型和汞污染程度选择合适的清汞方法;提出了设备清汞的技术要求,推荐含汞环境作业时的允许接触浓度(PEL)为20μg/m3。含汞设备在运行时应及时检测汞含量,定期清汞,以避免汞带来的危害。

  2. The Gentrification of Public Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dattalo, Patrick

    1992-01-01

    Notes that public welfare agencies are serving middle-class Americans. Examines six factors that may contribute to gentrification of public welfare agencies: growing demands for services from nontraditional clients; restructuring of public welfare's service delivery system; declining resources; increasing emphasis on child protective services;…

  3. Welfare assessment in pet rabbits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepers, F.; Koene, P.; Beerda, B.

    2009-01-01

    One million pet rabbits are kept in The Netherlands, but there are no data available on their behaviour and welfare. This study seeks to assess the welfare of pet rabbits in Dutch households and is a first step in the development of a welfare assessment system. In an internet survey, housing

  4. The Gentrification of Public Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dattalo, Patrick

    1992-01-01

    Notes that public welfare agencies are serving middle-class Americans. Examines six factors that may contribute to gentrification of public welfare agencies: growing demands for services from nontraditional clients; restructuring of public welfare's service delivery system; declining resources; increasing emphasis on child protective services;…

  5. Nuclear Technology. Course 32: Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Techniques II. Module 32-4, Operation of Magnetic Particle Test Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groseclose, Richard

    This fourth in a series of six modules for a course titled Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Techniques II describes the specific technique variables and options which are available to the test technician, provides instructions for selecting and operating the appropriate test equipment, describes physical criteria for detectable discontinuities,…

  6. CURRENT STATE OF AUTOMOTIVE LIGHTING EQUIPMENT WITH NON-REPLACEABLE LIGHT SOURCES ON BASIS OF LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sernov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper contains information on the current state of automotive lighting equipment. Different designs of automotive lighting devices, their merits and demerits are described in the paper. The paper includes a substantiation of expediency of developing light-emitting diode lighting and proposes recommendations about optimization of their design.

  7. Automation Technology and Equipment for Welding Boiler Pressure Vessel%锅炉压力容器焊接自动化技术及装备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范逸

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the development in automatic welding technology and equipment of boiler's pressure vessel in China, including the membrane wall tube joint welding machine, straight joint welding machine, saddle shaped welding machine, box girth TI automatic back run welding workstation, narrow gap submerged arc welder, pipeline welding workstation, and welding equipment so as to provide reference for improving welding automation technology and equipment manufacturing level.%介绍我国锅炉压力容器自动焊接领域的技术和装备发展情况,包括膜式壁焊机、直管接长焊机、马鞍形焊机、集箱环缝TI自动封底焊接工作站、窄间隙埋弧焊机、管道预制焊接工作站、堆焊设备等,为提高焊接自动化技术及装备制造水平提供参考。

  8. The European Welfare Model. Is Romania a Welfare State?!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pop-Radu, I.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the various interpretations of the social model and welfare regime concepts. In order to observe Romania’s position within the European welfare regimes, the paper presents a short analysis of the main characteristics of the welfare regimes identified in Europe – i.e. the corporatist welfare regime, the liberal welfare regime and the social democratic/Scandinavian welfare system. We analyze the dynamics of several indicators relevant for establishing the performance of the Romanian welfare regime. Using the results of this study, the current research might offer a new approach on proving that Romania’s case is a particular one among the CEE countries and its sustainability could become a model for other countries.

  9. Renewal of radiological equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    In this century, medical imaging is at the heart of medical practice. Besides providing fast and accurate diagnosis, advances in radiology equipment offer new and previously non-existing options for treatment guidance with quite low morbidity, resulting in the improvement of health outcomes and quality of life for the patients. Although rapid technological development created new medical imaging modalities and methods, the same progress speed resulted in accelerated technical and functional obsolescence of the same medical imaging equipment, consequently creating a need for renewal. Older equipment has a high risk of failures and breakdowns, which might cause delays in diagnosis and treatment of the patient, and safety problems both for the patient and the medical staff. The European Society of Radiology is promoting the use of up-to-date equipment, especially in the context of the EuroSafe Imaging Campaign, as the use of up-to-date equipment will improve quality and safety in medical imaging. Every healthcare institution or authority should have a plan for medical imaging equipment upgrade or renewal. This plan should look forward a minimum of 5 years, with annual updates. Teaching points • Radiological equipment has a definite life cycle span, resulting in unavoidable breakdown and decrease or loss of image quality which renders equipment useless after a certain time period.• Equipment older than 10 years is no longer state-of-the art equipment and replacement is essential. Operating costs of older equipment will be high when compared with new equipment, and sometimes maintenance will be impossible if no spare parts are available.• Older equipment has a high risk of failure and breakdown, causing delays in diagnosis and treatment of the patient and safety problems both for the patient and the medical staff.• Every healthcare institution or authority should have a plan for medical imaging equipment upgrade or replacement. This plan should look forward a

  10. 滴灌技术与装备进一步发展的思考%Thinking about further development of drip irrigation technology and equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩启彪; 冯绍元; 曹林来; 黄修桥; 范永申; 李浩

    2015-01-01

    For drip irrigation technology,product and equipment to develop better in China,the popu-larization and application of the technology in future are the problems that should be considered and summarized currently.The overall advance trend of drip irrigation technology is analyzed by combining with new situation of agricultural production,and it is shown that the future application scope of drip irrigation will be even broader,and the concept of technology integration and intelligent irrigation will be reflected more substantially,and the efficient use of energy resources will be paid significantly more attention.Further,the development in theory,technology,equipment and manufacturing of drip irri-gation has been thought and stressed to some degree.It is considered that the network optimization the-ory,massed water drip irrigation technology and low -energy irrigation technology need to be streng-thened in the drip irrigation theory and technology.In the product research and development,high flow filters,precision fertilization equipment,new type of emitters,intelligent hardware and software,drip tape recovery equipment and other innovative products should be paid significant attention.Meantime, the establishment of drip grassroots service team is called.This paper could provide a technical support for the further development of drip irrigation technology and equipment.%为了未来中国滴灌技术与滴灌产品、装备更好地发展、推广和应用是灌溉行业需要思考总结的问题。文中结合中国农业生产的新形势,分析了滴灌技术总体发展趋势,认为未来滴灌应用范围会更广阔,将更加体现技术集成和智能灌溉理念,更加强调能源资源的高效利用。在此基础上,对滴灌理论与技术以及滴灌装备与制造等方面的发展进行了若干思考和总结:认为在理论技术上,需加强管网优化、多水源滴灌系统、低能耗滴灌等方面研究;而在产品研发上

  11. Farmers on Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Ann-Christina

    the member states of the European Community from 1958 onward. That story holds that the political priority given to the CAP, as well as its long-term stability, resides in a basic devil's bargain between French agriculture and German industry. In Farmers on Welfare, a landmark new account of the making...... of the single largest European policy ever, Ann-Christina L. Knudsen suggests that this accepted narrative is too neat. In particular, she argues, it neglects how a broad agreement was made in the 1960s that related to the national welfare state policies aiming to improve incomes for farmers. Drawing...... of deep archival research with nuanced political analysis makes it required reading for both historians and political scientists interested in this cornerstone of European integration." Helen Wallace, Centennial Professor, European Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science. "Farmers...

  12. Application of 3D Printing Technology in Electronic Equipment Industry%3D打印技术在电子设备行业的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱安超

    2015-01-01

    3D打印是最近几年开始流行的,以成形速度快为特点的打印新技术,最基本的组成元件,就是数字模型,能够按照实物本身的特点和结构,进行分层次的打印,最终形成实际产品,这项技术涉及信息技术、材料科学、精密机械等多个学科领域。在电子设备行业中,3D打印技术也得到了广泛的应用,文章将对3D打印技术进行简单介绍,并对3D技术在电子设备行业中所发挥的作用和应用进行简单探讨。%3D printing is the most popular in recent years, with the characteristics of forming speed printing new technology, the most basic components, is the digital model, can be in accordance with the characteristics and structure of the material itself, the level of printing, eventually forming the actual product, the technology involved in information technology, materials science, precision machinery and other ifelds. In the electronic equipment industry, 3D printing technology has been widely used, the article will be a brief introduction to 3D printing technology, and the role and application of 3D technology in the electronic equipment industry is simply discussed.

  13. Peace, welfare, culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2011-01-01

    and multiculturalism – pitted in opposition. By analytically focusing on “security narratives”, the article details how initial narratives of Muslims as threats to culture, welfare and societal peace merged and morphed to award surprising new roles to the state and multiculturalism. The re-evaluation of cultural...... difference implied in a recent strategy to counter radicalization, however, does not amount to a de-securitization of Muslims – rather it installs a need for surveillance and control of the Muslim difference....

  14. Robotics for social welfare

    OpenAIRE

    Lucía Fernández Cossío; Jesús Manuel López Salvador; Sergio Fínez Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Supported by developments in the field of social robotics, virtual worlds and ICT tools it is possible to build new solutions in health and welfare. Two projects are described in this article. They are intended to improve efficiency and quality of current therapeutic procedures. The ESTIMULO project improves emotional and cognitive status of people with dementia using a reactive pet-robot. The ELDERTOY project modifies the classical concept from the toy industry to develop a new solution for ...

  15. Robotics for social welfare

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Cossío, Lucía; López Salvador, Jesús Manuel; Fínez Martínez, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    Supported by developments in the field of social robotics, virtual worlds and ICT tools it is possible to build new solutions in health and welfare. Two projects are described in this article. They are intended to improve efficiency and quality of current therapeutic procedures. The ESTIMULO project improves emotional and cognitive status of people with dementia using a reactive pet-robot. The ELDERTOY project modifies the classical concept from the toy industry to develop a new solution for ...

  16. Creating science and technology superiority,increasing marine equipment manufacturing capability to build China into world No.1 shipbuilding country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xiangmu

    2004-01-01

    @@ China's shipbuilding industry faces a historic development opportunity right at the beginning of the new century. Attaching great importance to the development of the shipbuilding industry, the Chinese government has given a series of instructions, which set up the grand goal of building China into the world number one shipbuilding country. To achieve this goal, we must solve two key problems, that is, scientific and technical innovation, and marine equipment production.

  17. Advanced technologies for maintenance of electrical systems and equipment at the Savannah River Site Defense Waste Processing Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husler, R.O. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Weir, T.J. [Pentek, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States)

    1991-12-31

    An enhanced maintenance program is being established to characterize and monitor cables, components, and process response at the Savannah River Site, Defense Waste Processing Facility. This facility was designed and constructed to immobilize the radioactive waste currently stored in underground storage tanks and is expected to begin operation in 1993. The plant is initiating the program to baseline and monitor instrument and control (I&C) and electrical equipment, remote process equipment, embedded instrument and control cables, and in-cell jumper cables used in the facility. This program is based on the electronic characterization and diagnostic (ECAD) system which was modified to include process response analysis and to meet rigid Department of Energy equipment requirements. The system consists of computer-automated, state-of-the-art electronics. The data that are gathered are stored in a computerized database for analysis, trending, and troubleshooting. It is anticipated that the data which are gathered and trended will aid in life extension for the facility.

  18. Impact of Mars sand on dust on the design of space suits and life support equipment: A technology assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonds, Charles H.

    1991-01-01

    Space suits and life support equipment will come in intimate contact with Martian soil as aerosols, wind blown particles and material thrown up by men and equipment on the Martian surface. For purposes of this discussion the soil is assumed to consist of a mixture of cominuted feldspar, pyroxene, olivine, quartz, titanomagnetite and other anhydrous and hydrous iron bearing oxides, clay minerals, scapolite and water soluble chlorides and sulfates. The soil may have photoactivated surfaces that acts as a strong oxidizer with behavior similar to hydrogen peroxide. The existing data about the Mars soil suggests that the dust and sand will require designs analogous to those uses on equipment exposed to salty air and blowing sand and dust. The major design challenges are in developing high performance radiators which can be cleaned after each EVA without degradation, designing seals that are readily cleaned and possibly in selecting materials which will not be degraded by any strong oxidants in the soil. The magnitude of the dust filtration challenge needs careful evaluation in terms of the trade off between fine-particle dust filters with low pressure drop that are either physically large and heavy, like filter baghouses require frequent replacement of filter elements, of low volume high pressure thus power consumption approaches, or washable filters. In the latter, filter elements are cleaned with water, as could the outsides of the space suits in the airlock.

  19. Development of Lab-to-Fab Production Equipment Across Several Length Scales for Printed Energy Technologies, Including Solar Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hösel, Markus; Dam, Henrik Friis; Krebs, Frederik C

    2015-01-01

    We describe and review how the scaling of printed energy technologies not only requires scaling of the input materials but also the machinery used in the processes. The general consensus that ultrafast processing of technologies with large energy capacity can only be realized using roll-to-roll m......We describe and review how the scaling of printed energy technologies not only requires scaling of the input materials but also the machinery used in the processes. The general consensus that ultrafast processing of technologies with large energy capacity can only be realized using roll...

  20. Progress on Frontier of Equipment Technology for Sea-cage Aquaculture%深水网箱养殖装备技术前沿进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭根喜; 陶启友; 黄小华; 胡昱

    2011-01-01

    上世纪七十年代末,海水鱼类养殖其中最重要的一项技术成果是发明了深水网箱,持续数十年的研究与开发应用,使现代海洋农业有了新的诠释.随着深水网箱装备技术的进步,围绕“一条鱼”养殖工程技术的种质、养成、营养、管理、环境、加工、物流、信息以及养殖配套装备等技术链日益完善,深水网箱已成为现代海洋农业不可或缺的重要装备.%At the end of the 1970's, sea-cage was the most important technical achievement in marine fish aquaculture. The sustainable investigation and application for several decades made the modern marine agriculture have a new interpretation. Along with the progress on equipment technologies of sea-cage, technology around the industry chain of "one fish" aqua-cultural engineering, such as germplasm, farming, nutrition, management, environment, processing, logistics, information and facility technology has become perfect day by day. Sea-cage is a indispensable and important equipment in modern sea aquaculture.

  1. Learning and technological capability building in emerging economies: The case of the biomass power equipment industry in Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ulrich Elmer; Ockwell, David

    2014-01-01

    There is increasing recognition that the transfer of foreign technology to developing countries should be considered in light of broader processes of learning, technological capability, formation and industrial development. Previous studies that have looked at this in the context of cleantech...

  2. Remanufacturing Technology in Continuous Casting Core Equipment and Its Application%连铸关键设备再制造技术及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯峰岩; 任乔华; 高锦岩

    2012-01-01

    连铸关键设备的再制造是高效、绿色钢铁发展的重要方向.介绍了连铸结晶器和连铸辊的失效形式、表面处理技术以及结构设计技术在结晶器和连铸辊上的研究与应用;分析总结了各种表面涂层的热稳定性能、耐磨损性能和实际应用寿命;运用有限元解析技术对结晶器铜板和连铸辊的结构、服役条件进行分析,并对其进行各种优化设计,与优异的表面处理技术相配合,提高连铸设备的整体使用寿命.实践表明借助再制造工程体系的先进表面技术和先进设计与管理方法,可以使连铸设备不断得到性能恢复和技术改造升级,延长其寿命和报废期限,提高连铸设备的档次和附加值,具有良好的经济和社会效益.%Remanufacturing of continuous casting core equipment is an important direction for efficient devel-opment of green steel. The failure mode of continuous casting mold and roller was described. Surface technol-ogy and structural design techniques for continuous casting core equipment were introduced. Thermal stabili-ty, wear resistant and life of all type coatings were analyzed. Finite element analytical techniques were used to analyze the structure and service condition of continuous casting mold and roller. Designs were optimized and matched the excellent surface technology to improve the overall life of the continuous casting equipment. Prac-tice show that the performance and technology of continuous casting equipment are improved through advanced surface technology, design and management of the remanufacturing engineering system. The life expectancy and retirement period are extended and the quality and added value are improved, resulting in good social and economical benefits.

  3. 45 CFR 95.707 - Equipment management and disposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Equipment management and disposition. 95.707 Section 95.707 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE...

  4. 有机过氧化物交联电缆的工艺及设备相关技术研究%Research on Technology and Equipment of Organic Peroxide Cross-linked Cable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宁红

    2012-01-01

    The productive technologies and equipments of organic peroxide cross-linking are discussed.And the international advanced crosslinking production equipment and improved technology are introduced.%讨论了有机过氧化物交联的生产工艺、设备,介绍了目前国际先进的交联生产设备和改进工艺.

  5. Political Parties’ Welfare Image, Electoral Punishment and Welfare State Retrenchment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schumacher, Gijs; Vis, Barbara; van Kersbergen, Kees

    2013-01-01

    Will voters punish the government for cutting back welfare state entitlements? The comparative literature on the welfare state suggests that the answer is yes. Unless governments are effectively employing strategies of blame avoidance, retrenchment leads to vote loss. Because a large majority...... of voters supports the welfare state, the usual assumption is that retrenchment backfires equally on all political parties. This study contributes to an emerging body of research that demonstrates that this assumption is incorrect. On the basis of a regression analysis of the electoral fate of the governing...... parties of 14 OECD countries between 1970 and 2002, we show that most parties with a positive welfare image lose after they implemented cutbacks, whereas most parties with a negative welfare image do not. In addition, we show that positive welfare image parties in opposition gain votes, at the expense...

  6. [Key technologies and implementation of the medical equipment road transportation simulation platform based on 6-DOF parallel robots].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Yidong; Pei, Baoqing; Li, Hui; Fan, Yubo

    2013-01-01

    In view of the shortage of medical equipment road transportation simulation platform, we put forward a road transportation simulation method based on 6-DOF parallel robots. A 3D road spectrum model was built by the improvement of the harmonic superposition method. The simulation model was then compared with the standard model to verify its performance. Taking the road spectrum as the excitation, we could get the robot motion data to control the parallel robot through the S-shaped linear interpolation of the absolute position. It can simulate the movement of vehicles with different speed under various road conditions efficiently and accurately.

  7. Remanufacturing strategy for chemical equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xian-cheng; XU Bin-shi; WANG Hai-dou; JIANG Yi; WU Yi-xiong; GONG Jian-ming; TU Shan-dong

    2005-01-01

    Failure, especially induced by cracks, usually occurred in the service process of chemical equipment, which could cause the medium leakage, fire hazard and explosion and induced the personnel casualty and economic losses. To assure the long-term and safety service, it is necessary to apply the remanufacturing technology on the chemical equipment containing cracks. The recent research advances on the remanufacturing, the failure modes and the life extension technology for chemical equipment were reviewed. The engineering strategy of the remanufacturing for the chemical equipment was proposed, which could provide a reasonable and reliable technical route for the remanufacturing operation of chemical equipment. In the strategy, the redesign was also been considered.

  8. Instrument Automation Equipment Failures and Maintenance Technology%仪表自动化设备故障与维护技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明

    2015-01-01

    随着经济的发展,我国石油化工企业的作用越来越重要,油气运输的相关技术和设备也更加先进,在石油化工企业运行的过程中,仪表自动化设备能够很好地提高其生产效率。我们必须做好自动化设备故障维修方面的工作,提高其工作效率。%With the development of economy, the role of China’s petrochemical enterprises increasingly important oil and gas-related technologies and equipment transportation are also more advanced in the process of petrochemical companies operating in instrument automation equipment can well improve its production efficiency . We must do a good job of automation equipment maintenance failures, improve their work efficiency.

  9. Some aspects of chicken behavior and welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LS Costa

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Brazil is the world leader in broiler production and export. It achieved this position mainly to its excellent supply chain structure and climate, which favor poultry and grain production throughout its territory. Although Brazilian egg production is not as important as broiler production, this segment presents great potential of increasing its share in the global market. However, as elsewhere in the world, Brazilian poultry production faces the challenge to balance two elements within its supply chain: cruelty and productivity. The consumers of the European Union (EU are very concerned with animal welfare issues. In order to increase its share in the European market, and eventually in the world market, Brazilian poultry producers must understand the effects of production systems on poultry welfare, and try to develop systems that are suited for its climate and other production conditions. There is a consensus that the natural behaviors performed by poultry in intensive production systems allow better welfare. This objective of this review is to present scientific research studies that relate different behaviors to chicken welfare. Poultry behavior is a reflex of their welfare status at a particular moment, and it is related to internal (physiological and external (environmental factors. Several natural behaviors that favor welfare, as well as undesirable behaviors, may be stimulated by environmental enrichment. The correct interpretation of the behaviors expressed by poultry, including their frequency, duration, and sequence, may be used to estimate their welfare. Animal production is an import sector of Brazilian economy. It significantly contributes to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP, in terms of products destined both to domestic consumption and exports. New technologies applied to products and management practices have been developed for field application, aiming at improving producers' productivity and profitability. In order to comply

  10. Overseas Coal Gasification Equipment Technology and Its Application in China%国外煤气化设备技术及在中国的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱伯章

    2016-01-01

    对几种煤气化炉炉型进行了技术对比。论述了煤气化技术的选用原则。分析了我国煤气化技术装备需要解决的一些问题。通过实例较详细地介绍了国外煤气化技术在中国的应用。%The technical comparison between different types of the coal gasification furnaces is presented and the selection principal of the coal gasification technology is discussed. Furthermore, the unsolved problems in the coal gasification equipment of Chinese enterprises are analyzed. The applications of the overseas coal gasification technology in China are introduced through case study.

  11. RIA Technology Application in Medical Equipment Repair System%RIA技术在医疗设备报修系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋友好; 彭文; 蒋宁峰; 孔令伟; 马力; 殷佩浩; 孙成

    2013-01-01

      RIA富互联网应用具有高度互动性、丰富用户体验以及功能强大的客户端。在介绍R IA技术的概念、特点以及技术平台的基础上,指出RIA方式应该是医院医疗设备管理信息系统建设的最优先考虑方案。%RIA(Rich Internet Applications) have highly interactive,rich user experience and powerful clients. Based on introducing the concept, features, and technology platform of the RIA technology, we proposed that RIA should be the highest priority in hospital medical equipment management information system construction.

  12. Creating science and technology superiority,increasing marine equipment manufacturing capability to build China into world No.1 shipbuilding country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    The creation of science and technol-ogy superiority is the basic driving forceto push forward the development ofChina’s shipbuilding Industry by leaps andbounds,and achieve the goal of buildingChina into the world number one ship-building country. 1.The strength of science and tech-nology is the decisive factor affecting ourcompetitiveness in the world market The shipbuilding industry is a labour-intensive,capital-intensive and technology-intensive industry.However,ever since the90’s of the last century,with the wide ap-plication of new technology and new manu-facturing process,the productivity of shipconstruction has increased significantly,therole of primary production elements suchas low-priced labor has weakened dramati-cally in the market competition.With thecontinuous increase of technology inten-siveness in the shipbuilding industry,thestrength of science and technology is becoming the most important factor of mar-ket competitiveness.In the last ten years,in order to strengthen their technical sup

  13. Peace, welfare, culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2011-01-01

    and multiculturalism – pitted in opposition. By analytically focusing on “security narratives”, the article details how initial narratives of Muslims as threats to culture, welfare and societal peace merged and morphed to award surprising new roles to the state and multiculturalism. The re-evaluation of cultural......This article analyzes how Muslims are implied to constitute threats in the official Danish discourse of the centre-right government since 2001. It does so to provide a more nuanced picture of Danish debates on integration than the usual presentation of two discourses – culturalism...

  14. Social Welfare in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rutten, Koen

    of China’s economic growth, the long and midterm sustainability of its economic development model and the implications thereof for social stability and political legitimacy. An immediate priority has been to formulate and implement a response to mitigate the disruptive effects of the transition to a market...... to meet China’s social challenges. In this paper, I provide a summary of the academic literature on post-reform development of the welfare system. I will give an overview of its most salient problems, initiatives and their preliminary outcomes. Finally, I will present some concluding remarks and provide...

  15. OPC UA技术在冶金设备监测系统中的应用%Application of OPC UA Technology in Monitoring System for Metallurgical Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜泽苗; 孔庆奎; 范瑜

    2014-01-01

    OPC UA技术在工业控制方面有着不可替代的优势,主要体现在其跨平台性和实时性上,可以方便地解决工业现场监控过程中各个子系统和底层设备之间互操作以及互通信的难题。结合冶金现场设备监测系统的搭建,对OPC UA技术规范进行了研究,开发了OPC UA客户端和服务器,实现了对冶金设备运行状态的实时监测并及时制定故障应对方案的目的。 OPC UA技术在信息建模与跨平台方面的强大优势预示着基于OPC UA技术的集成系统必将成为今后的开发热点。%The technology of OPC UA has irreplaceable superior in industrial control area, especially its cross platform and real time performance;the difficulties of the interoperability and intercommunication among all the subsystems and bottom layer equipment in industrial field monitoring. The specifications of OPC US technology is researched combining with the establishment of monitoring system for metallurgy field equipment;and client and server of OPC UA are developed for implementing real time monitoring for the operation status of metallurgy equipment and failure timely responded scheme. The outstanding superior of OPC UA in information modeling and cross-platform indicates that the integrated systems based on OPC UA will definitely become the hot spots of development in the future.

  16. Rents in a welfare state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paldam, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This chapter describes rents in Denmark, a developed welfare state in which the private sector is sharply delimitated and kept efficient by secure property rights and markets including free trade. In the public sector, rents in the form of excess costs that provide benefits are difficult to measure......, but in a number of cases as described in this chapter, the rents are revealed. The implicit welfare coalition, defined as voters receiving their income from the public budget, is the majority, placing the median voter within the welfare coalition. Rents are created and protected by the welfare coalition. Non...

  17. 炮烟净化技术装备研究%Research on Equipment of Gun Smoke Purification Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢占洋

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the gun smoke poisonous gases on the human body and the harm to the environment, and find the methods to deal with these harmful gases from theory, puts forward the design method to solve the problem of the design of gun smoke purifying mine in the confined space and can realize products and equipment.%分析了炮烟中有毒有害气体对人体以及环境的危害,然后从理论上分析了处理这些危害气体的方法,进而提出解决矿井下密闭空间中炮烟净化问题的设计思路以及能够实现装备产品的设计方法。

  18. Customer familiarity with new industrial product technology and its influence on adoption: The case of De Beers diamond extraction equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabbie, A.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available An investigation was conducted into the influence of industry customers familiarity with new technology on their decisions when purchasing discontinuous industrial products. This was done in the context where the supplier and customer organisations are entities in the same company. Even in this favourable context, continuous products remained successful despite a better solution being available. Literature on this close type of relationship is sparse, mostly because information on such internal processes is generally regarded as competitive. The case investigated was the DebTech division of De Beers, and their experience with products that they design and manufacture for the global diamond mining industry. Product developer and customer data from applicable projects was analysed, and interviews and observations were conducted. The results indicate that familiarity with the product technology favourably influences perceptions of newness, safety, and the ease of integration of a product. Familiarity increases customers propensity to recommend and purchase new-technology products.

  19. The technology of layer-specific rotary soil cultivation for forest crops and equipment for its implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Orlovskiy

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Influence of existing methods and technologies of soil processing for forest crops on establishment and growth of cultivated tree species was studied. It was found that furrow plough processing of soil can interfere with the cultivated trees’ ecological peculiarities, because the furrow floor, where trees are planted, often constitutes the lower part of the turf or the upper part of the ashen-gray layers having unfavorable water-physical conditions and decreased crop-producing power. Whenever conifer trees grow on the bottom of a furrow excavated in medium and heavy clay loam, their growth is significantly decreased and accompanied by remarkable changes in morphology. Processing of shallow humus thickness soil with multiple cutter results in mixing of A0, A1 and A2 (ashen-gray layers. Consequently, the processed horizon obtains a lower amount of fertile substances than the vegetable soil on non-processed places. An apparatus for graded soil tillage, its construction, working principle and usage technology are described. The major peculiarity of the device consists in the ability not to crumbl the soil, but to shake down vegetable earth cut by subsurface plow from beneath. The technology involves removing roots and grass outside cultivated land, so that it cannot be then overgrown with weeds. It was found that exploitation of the device improves soil pulverization quality, enhances percentage of separates less than 10 mm and 10–50 mm, decreases content of the separate larger than 50 mm, and reduced specific energy output almost three-fold. Vertical displacement of control particles while soil processing with common cutter machines and the suggested device was studied. Establishment and growth of Siberian pine was determined in experimental productive cultures at different planting technologies. It was shown that under the suggested technology, forest plants furrow sowing can be done while soil processing, so that making nurseries becomes

  20. 中国玉米收获技术与装备发展研究%Development of Technology and Equipment of Corn Harvester in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志; 郝付平; 王锋德; 苏文凤; 崔俊伟

    2012-01-01

    阐述了中国玉米种植模式、收获工艺及收获装备与发达国家的差异,以及中国玉米收获机械的研发历程和主要机型.阐述摘穗、剥皮及茎秆处理等通用技术与装置的特点,以及中国在不分行玉米收获技术方面的研究与探索.分析了当前制约中国玉米收获机械化发展的主要因素、国外玉米联合收获机的发展趋势和中国各玉米产区种植与收获特点,指出了中国应在农机农艺融合的基础上,因地制宜地开发适合本地区的玉米联合收获装备.%The differences of corn planting-harvesting process and harvesting equipment between China and developed countries, corn harvester developing process and major model were introduced. The general technology and equipment of snapping, husking and straw treatment of corn harvesting machine, and the research and exploration of corn harvesting technology regardless of row in China were expatiated. The major factor for restricting development of corn harvest mechanization in China, the development trend of foreign corn harvester, and planting and harvesting characteristics of Chinese corn producing areas were analyzed. Finally, it pointed out that the corn harvester should be designed with combination of agricultural machinery and technology to suit local condition in China.

  1. Load controlling walk aiding apparatus. Report on results of research and development on medical and welfare device technologies; Kaju seigyoshiki hoko hojo sochi. Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    This paper reports a load controlling walk aiding apparatus developed by the Technology Research Association and the Medical and Welfare Device Research Institute under a consignment from NEDO. The development was purposed for physically handicapped people with remarkably deteriorated leg functions. This apparatus consists of a body trunk section with reduced size and weight, a reciprocating mechanism to facilitate moving out of a free leg, a stay varying mechanism to vary leg lengths, driving power supply and controls. The apparatus has realized smoother reciprocal walking motions than with conventional walk aiding systems by having the leg length of a free leg contract and extend matching with walking rhythms when the free leg is moved out. This paper describes the apparatus by dividing it into the following items: the course of research and development works (basic plans, execution of the research and development works, corporations taking charges, organizations, and committees), summary of the research and development (the summary of the developed system, and results of the walking tests), achievements (comparison of the targeted specifications with the results, practical usability, and commercial production), publicization of the research and the state of patent acquisition. 16 figs., 7 tabs.

  2. Thermal-hydraulics, physical chemistry, and technology at nuclear power stations equipped with fast-neutron sodium-cooled reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseev, V. V.; Efanov, A. D.; Kozlov, F. A.; Sorokin, A. P.

    2007-12-01

    Main results of investigations aimed at developing a verified system of computer codes that take into account the interrelation among nuclear-physical, thermal-hydraulic, physicochemical, thermal-mechanical, mass-transfer, and technological processes in nuclear power installations and at substantiating the models used as the core of these codes are presented together with the results of tests carried out to obtain data for verifying the codes.

  3. High-fidelity simulator technology may not be superior to traditional low-fidelity equipment for neonatal resuscitation training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finan, E; Bismilla, Z; Whyte, H E; Leblanc, V; McNamara, P J

    2012-04-01

    Despite completing accredited resuscitation training, neonatal trainees often feel unprepared to deal with real-life clinical emergencies. High-fidelity simulator (HFS) technology offers the potential of recreating a realistic stressful clinical environment to aid training and evaluation. To date, there are limited data examining the physiological impact of this training modality in comparison to less costly alternatives. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of low-fidelity simulator (LFS) versus HFS technology on performance levels, objective and subjective measures of stress in neonatal trainees. Sixteen neonatal fellows were invited to participate in a prospective randomized study. Subjects were divided into pairs and randomized to LFS or HFS for completion of scenario I. After an interval of 1 month, fellow teams crossed over to complete scenario II using the alternative simulator technology. Technical and non-technical skills were assessed using validated resuscitation scoring tools. Participants recorded subjective stress at sequential time points before and after each simulation. Buccal cortisol was measured at each corresponding time point and comparison between HFS and LFS groups was made. The mean overall resuscitation performance score was 75.8%±10, but there was no difference in performance between HFS and LFS groups. There was also no significant difference in non-technical skills performance between groups. Salivary cortisol increased over the duration of the simulated experience, but there were no differences between the two groups (P=0.001, two-way repeated measures analysis of variance). We also identified changes in subjective measures of stress (P<0.001, analysis of variance) over time, but again there were no differences between groups. Simulated neonatal resuscitations induce a significant stress response in neonatal trainees; however, we were unable to identify any difference in stress measures between HFS and LFS. These

  4. Le CERN fait equipe avec des leaders des technologies de l'information pour construire une gigantesque grille de calcul

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Press Office. Geneva

    2001-01-01

    PR11.01 24.09.2001 CERN teams up CERN*, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, in Geneva, Switzerland announced today the creation of the CERN openlab for DataGrid applications. Three leading Information Technology firms: Enterasys Networks, Intel and KPNQwest have joined CERN to push forward this groundbreaking project in advanced distributed computing. Each company will invest 2.5 MCHF ($1.5M) over a period of 3 years to help CERN achieve its ambitious objectives.

  5. Animal welfare impact assessments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandøe, Peter; Gamborg, Christian

    2017-01-01

    aimed at dealing with wild animals. McCulloch and Reiss argue that this could be remedied by means of a “mandatory application of formal and systematic Animal Welfare Impact Assessment (AWIA)”. Optimistically, they consider that an AWIA could help to resolve controversies involving wild animals. The aim......Control of wild animals may give rise to controversy, as is seen in the case of badger control to manage TB in cattle in the UK. However, it is striking that concerns about the potential suffering of the affected animals themselves are often given little attention or completely ignored in policies...... of this paper is to evaluate the potential of AWIA. We begin by showing how ideas akin to AWIA already play a significant role in other animal ethics controversies, particularly those concerning laboratory animal use and livestock production; and we bring in lessons learnt from these controversies. Then we...

  6. 初馏塔设备负载安全仪表技术研究%The Primary Tower Equipment Load Safety Instrument Technology Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓峰; 齐志辉; 张军; 秦攀峰

    2012-01-01

    The oil is currently the world's most important energy, primary tower equipment load safety instrument technology in oil refining industry is one of the most important two processing technology in oil refining industry, important place is had in production. The primary distillation tower equipment load safety instrumentation technology of crude oil processing in the two most important process, liquefied petroleum gas, gasoline, kerosene and diesel fuel is the main means of production, play a decisive role in refinery occupies the position. The primary distillation tower equipment load safety instrument general to decompression distillated oil and coker gas oil as raw material, but with the crude oil becoming heavier growth trend and market demand for light oil refinery began mixing part, vacuum residue, or even directly to the atmospheric residue as cracking raw material.%石油是目前世界上最主要的能源.初馏塔设备负载安全仪表技术是炼油工业中最重要的一种二次加工工艺,在炼油工业生产中占有重要地位.初馏塔设备负载安全仪表技术是原油二次加工中最重要的加工过程,是液化石油气、汽油、煤油和柴油的主要生产手段,在炼油厂中占有举足轻重的地位.初馏塔设备负载安全仪表技术一般以减压馏分油和焦化蜡油为原料,但是随着原油的日趋变重的增长趋势和市场对轻质油品的大量需求,部分炼油厂开始掺炼减压渣油,甚至直接以常压渣油作为裂化原料.

  7. Welfare reform in European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Immervoll, Herwig; Kleven, Henrik Jacobsen; Kreiner, Claus Thustrup;

    2007-01-01

    microsimulation model to estimate current marginal and participation tax rates. We quantify the equity-efficiency trade-off for a range of elasticity parameters. In most countries, because of large existing welfare programmes with high phase-out rates, increasing traditional welfare is undesirable unless...

  8. METHODS FOR CALF WELFARE EVALUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.T. CZISZTER

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the welfare assessment with reference to calves. Assessment methods were divided into individual level and farm (system level. At the farm level the ANI 35L is discussed and the ANSVSA, Romanian evaluation from is presented. Also, the EFSA opinion on poor welfare in intensive calf farming systems is presented.

  9. The science of animal welfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    People differ in their culture, education, economic status, and values; thus they may view an animal’s welfare status as good or poor based on their individuality. However, regardless of these human differences in perception the actual state of welfare for the animal does exist in a range from good ...

  10. The Child Welfare Cartel, "Redux"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoesz, David

    2016-01-01

    In response to "The Child Welfare Cartel," defenders of the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute (NCWWI) make three errors: First, restricting federal funds to schools of social work is "not" authorized by the statute cited in the creation of NCWWI. Second, social work is "not" the only discipline engaged in…

  11. Rescaling Welfare Policies in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haddad Thorgaard, Camilla; Vinter, Henrik

    The report is a contribution to the research project ”Rescaling of Social Welfare Policies: a comparative study on the path towards multilevel governance in Europe”, which is coordinated by the European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research. The report is a background paper for the project...

  12. Governance Strategies and Welfare Effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trifkovic, Neda

    Using an original dataset from the Vietnamese catfish sector, we study the impact of vertical coordination options on household welfare and the implications of different stages of vertical coordination for the success of the whole sector. The welfare gain from contract farming and employment...

  13. The Child Welfare Cartel, "Redux"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoesz, David

    2016-01-01

    In response to "The Child Welfare Cartel," defenders of the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute (NCWWI) make three errors: First, restricting federal funds to schools of social work is "not" authorized by the statute cited in the creation of NCWWI. Second, social work is "not" the only discipline engaged in…

  14. ABOUT WELFARE IN CULTURAL CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelica-Nicoleta NECULĂESEI

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to briefly analyze the research efforts on measuring welfare indices in terms of cultural relativism. It presents the limitations of GDP and some of the proposed alternatives over time, to understand the wideness and interest in this topic, but also the consequences of imposing a certain type of indicators to reflect the progress and welfare of a country. To provide a coherent overview on the proposed subject, the approach starts with the presentation of general acceptation of the welfare concept. Further, the literature review reveals many concerns about the welfare and progress, but also the difficulties associated with this effort. Critical comments generally reflect the need to consider the culture factor in the debate on welfare.

  15. Equipment Remote Control Technology of Longwall Mine Face%综采工作面装备远程控制技术进展报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李首滨; 黄曾华; 王旭鸣; 冯银辉; 王峰

    2016-01-01

    可完全替代进口技术和产品,对我国煤矿装备制造业有着重要的现实意义。综采工作面装备远程控制技术大幅提升了综采成套装备的智能化水平,带动了我国在煤机装备自动化、智能化方面的整体技术进步,为建设大型现代化矿井提供了保障,有力地推动了我国煤炭工业的转型升级。%Because of the harsh environment and limited space in the fully mechanized work face of the coal mine, and the operator working in close distance to equipment, there isn’t refuge space,in case of emergencies. In addition, the on-site noise and dust also affect workers’ health. There is an urgent need to freeing workers from the production environment of the high risk. It is of great practical significance to study on remote control technology of fully mechanized equipment for coal mine safety, high efficiency production, labor environment improvement and the labor intensity of workers reduction. In this project, remote control technology of fully mechanized equipment is studied. The successful implementation of the unmanned operation technology of fully mechanized coal make the fewer people attended safe and efficient automation production realized. The breakthrough of core technologies of intelligent control system for fully mechanized coal mining equipment are reached. The monitoring hosts and the console located in underground equipment train or ground scheduling command center can remotely control the work face equipment start-stop, automation production and artificial intervention, combining fully mining equipment run data and the face video system. It is achieved that in normal production process mining machine memory cut coal is mainly performed, artificial remote intervention supplemented;the supporter following mining machine automati-cally action is mainly performed, artificial remote intervention supplemented.The automation control is mainly performed, local control supplemented

  16. 45 CFR 2543.34 - Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award... not use equipment acquired with Federal funds to provide services to non-Federal outside organizations...

  17. Research Progress of Recycling Technology for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipments%我国电子废弃物回收工艺研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周蕾; 许振明

    2012-01-01

    The recycling technology for waste electrical and electronic equipments attracts domestic and international attentions. The basic recycling methods and their characteristics are summaizedi and the new recycling processes for waste electrical and electronic equipments are reviewed, especially the integrated recycling processes for waste domestic appliances, waste batteries and waste PCBs. Some new trends and potential problems are also discussed.%总结了处理电子废弃物的传统基本技术及其特点.针对传统工艺的缺陷综述了我国具有处理流程简单、成本低、资源利用率较高等优点的电子废弃物回收新工艺的研究进展,重点介绍了机械物理复合工艺处理废旧家电、废旧电池及废旧PCB板.同时提出了我国电子废弃物资源化方面的一些新动向和潜在的问题.

  18. The Application of CNC Technology in Pipe Bending Equipment%多轴数控技术在弯管设备中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓钦俊

    2015-01-01

    本文主要针对普及型数控弯管机的技术原理进行研究分析,成功将高性价比的嵌入式多轴数控系统应用于老旧故障弯管机,实现了机器控制系统的升级改造,为车间盘活了闲置设备,提升生产力。%This paper mainly studies and analyzes the technology of general CNC pipe bender. In order to rehab the idle equipment and increase the plant productivity, it successfully uses the multi-axis CNC system which has high per-formance price ratio for broken-downpipe bender. It is carried out to rebuild the control system of machine.

  19. Application of RFID Technology in the Medical Equipment Information Management%RFID技术在医疗设备信息化管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧学颖

    2015-01-01

    医疗设备信息化管理是医院管理的重要组成部分,直接关系到诊疗水平高低和医疗技术安全与否。本研究重点分析目前医疗设备信息化管理面临的问题,针对性地提出利用RFID技术予以解决,并指出相关注意事项。%This research focuses on the problems of medical equipment information management, and proposals how to solve these problems with RFID technology, and points out the possible risks we should pay attention.

  20. Research on processing technology and equipment of biomass pellet fuel%木质颗粒燃料加工技术与装备研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强; 朱典想; 郭东升

    2012-01-01

    As an important mode of biomass energy’s conversion, wood pallet has drawn more and more attention. The paper discussed the processing technology and equipment of wood pallet fuel, focused on the summery of the whole procedure and pointed out the existing problems that could be improved in the future so as to get the best effect in actual production.%木质颗粒燃料作为生物质能源转化的一个重要领域,越来越受到人们的关注。本文主要对木质颗粒燃料的加工技术和关键设备进行说明,探讨了实际生产中存在的一些问题,并对木煤设备未来研发方向做了总结。

  1. High-tech cargo : logistics technologies are evolving to help improve efficiencies in moving oil and gas equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stastny, P.

    2007-10-15

    Like electronic data interchange (EDI), radio frequency identification (RFID) is a logistics tool developed to aid companies in managing their assets efficiently. RFID is used by companies improve shipment tracking, as well as to improve supply chain efficiencies. The technology uses tiny devices called RFID tags or transponders encoded with specific data about shipments. The tag emits a signal that is read by remote control as it passes through a warehouse gate. While RFID is currently used for pallets, it is hoped that the technology will soon be used for individual objects. Web-based systems are now being used to directly trace and monitor shipments as well as to identify potential delays. Schenker International has recently introduced a transportation management system (TMS) for oil and gas clients. The system is a website that manages shipments from purchase order to site delivery, and functions as a forum for all parties to each shipment. It was concluded that use of the TMS allows oil and gas operators to improve planning efficiencies. 1 fig.

  2. Analysis of Application of Installation Technology of Building Automation Electrical and Mechanical Equipment%建筑自动化机电设备安装技术探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢海洋

    2016-01-01

    文章主要研究建筑自动化机电设备安装技术,介绍了建筑自动化机电设备的特点和现阶段机电设备安装施工中存在的问题,并对建筑自动化机电设备安装技术进行了讨论。%The paper mainly researches building automation electrical and mechanical equipment installation technology,in-troduces the features of building automation mechanical and electrical equipment and the present problems existing in the electri-cal and mechanical equipment installation construction,and discusses the technology of building automation electrical and me-chanical equipment installation.

  3. Study on Reconstruction Technology of Continuous Casting Equipment%论连铸关键设备再制造技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕健

    2013-01-01

    我国的钢铁制造倡导高效、绿色的发展方式,连铸关键设备的再制造就是钢铁产业发展的关键,本文就对连铸技术中结构设计问题以及表面处理技术等做出了分析研究,并且在对各种表面涂层的稳定性分析方面作了总结,对于连铸钢铁表面的图层的实际耐磨损程度和使用寿命做出了预算.大量实践经验证明,提高连铸设备的使用年限和报废期限对取得良好的经济和社会效益具有重要作用.%The high efficiency,green development pattern is advocated by Steelmaker in China,and remanufacturing of continuous casting key equipment is the key to the development of steel industry.The author analyses and researches the structural design problem in the continuous casting technology and surface treatment technology,and summarizes the stability analysis of varieties of surface coatings,and budgets actual wear resistance and service life for surface layer of continuous casting of steel.A great deal of practical experience proved that it was important to improve the lifespan and scrap period of the continuous casting equipment for obtaining good economic and social benefits.

  4. [30 years animal welfare legislation: what has been achieved?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiger, A

    2008-09-01

    The contribution deals with history and effects of the Swiss animal welfare legislation of 1978. Special descriptions concern the development and increasing dissemination of animal friendly housing systems for cattle, swine, rabbits and poultry, the realization of the prohibition of the usual cages for laying hens until the end of 1991 and the development of aviary systems, the examination and improvement of many housing systems and equipment for farm animals, adaptations of many enclosures for wild animals in zoos and circuses, improvements in animal experimentation and also in housing of companion animals. The new animal welfare law of 2005 and the animal welfare ordinance of 2008 filled loopholes in the legislation. Animal friendly housing forms may also have economic advantages.

  5. Design of Assemble or Disassemble Equipment System Based on VR Technology%基于VR技术的设备拆装系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡畔; 姜睐; 李依桐

    2012-01-01

    To solve the problem of showing and virtually operating the assemble and disassemble process of the equipments,a VR(Virtual Reality) training system based on virtual reality technology in which students can assemble or disassemble equipments was designed by a new, simple and quick software solution of "modeling software + programming language". 3DMAX software are adopted to build the virtual training scenarios and virtual devices modeling, C programming language was used to achieve display the scene and model in real-time, produce special effects and interactive control function, ultimately complete the virtual device assemble or disassembly process. After the actual use of trainees, it show that the system has the characteristics of good interaction and strong immersion, the process of assemble or disassemble is realistic, efficient and convenient,achieved its purpose of assemble or disassemble e-quipments training, and it is a preparation and complement to assemble or disassemble actual equipments.%为解决在虚拟环境中对设备拆装过程进行演示和虚拟操作的问题,设计构建基于虚拟现实技术的设备拆装实训系统,给出一种新的、简单、快捷的软件解决方案,即“模型文件十开发包”的方法.用3DMAX实现虚拟实训场景及其中虚拟设备的建模,用VC编程实现场景及模型的实时显示、特殊效果产生、人机交互控制等功能,最终实现虚拟的设备拆装实训系统设计.受训者的实际使用表明,该系统具有良好的交互性和较强的沉浸感,拆装过程逼真、高效、便捷,达到了设备拆装实训教学的训练目的,是对实物拆装实训的有益准备和补充.

  6. New Development on Technology and Equipment of Sheet Hydroforming%板材液压成形技术与装备新进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑世剑; 刘伟; 徐永超

    2015-01-01

    With the development of sheet metal parts on large size, thin-wall, deep cavity, complicated curved-surface and hard forming materials, the manufacturing industries, such as aviation, aerospace and automobile industry, have pald more attentions to the low-cost and high flexible sheet hydroforming technology, which is up agalnst new opportunities and challenges. The state-of-the-art of sheet hydroforming technology is introduced, and the new developing technologies, including hydromechanical deep drawing with independent radial hydraulic pressure, pre-bulging hydromechanical deep drawing, hydromechanical deep drawing with double-side hydraulic pressures, double sheets hydroforming and warn sheet hydroforming, are presented in detall. The current application statements of domestic and foreign on the domalns of automobile, aerospace and others are summarized, the progress of R&D on sheet hydroforming equipments are reviewed, and the words’ largest sheet hydroforming equipment with tonnage of 150 MN and liquid volume of 5 m3 is introduced, the development tendency of sheet hydroforming technology is prospected.%随着板材零件向大尺寸、薄壁、深腔、复杂曲面以及难变形材料方向发展,具有低成本、高柔性的板材液压成形技术在航空、航天、汽车等制造业受到高度重视,并面临新的机遇和挑战。介绍板材液压成形技术的发展现状,重点介绍近年发展的径向主动加压充液拉深、预胀充液拉深、正反向加压充液拉深、双板成对液压成形和热态液压成形技术。分析国内外板材液压成形技术在汽车、航空航天等领域的应用现状,综述板材液压成形装备的研制进展,介绍正在研制的世界最大的吨位为150 MN、液体容积为5 m3的液压成形装备,对板材液压成形技术的发展趋势进行展望。

  7. 食品微波冻干技术及装备研究进展%Research progress on technology and equipment for freeze - drying food by microwave

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉川; 张慜

    2016-01-01

    Freeze - drying technology used in food drying can maximize the retention of nutrients in food. The foods dried by freeze - drying are mainly exported at present since long drying period,large energy consumption and high cost. Microwave has the characteristics of inner heat source. Microwave freeze -drying technology is developed by the combination of microwave heating technology and traditional freeze- drying technology,which has been widely concerned by foreign scholars and business community since the middle of the last century. But the key technical problem has been restricting its commercial applica-tion because of the phenomenon of very obvious uneven and low - pressure gas discharge. In recent years,microwave freeze drying technology and the theory has been continuously improved due to the rapid development of science and technology and the interdisciplinary intersection and mutual penetration, which provide technical and economic support for research of the key technologies,equipment develop-ment and commercial application. The research progress of microwave drying technology at home and a-broad in high efficiency,energy saving,uniform and equipment is summarized.%冻干技术能够最大限度地保留食品的营养成分,在我国食品干燥行业得到了一定的应用。由于冻干技术存在干燥周期长、能耗大、成本高等缺点,目前我国冻干食品以出口为主。微波具有内热源特性,采用微波高效加热技术与传统冻干技术相结合而发展的微波冻干技术从上世纪中期已受到国外学者与企业界广泛关注。但是,微波冻干存在非常明显的不均匀与低压气体放电现象,这一关键技术问题一直以来制约其商业化应用。近些年来,由于科学技术的迅猛发展和学科领域的交叉、相互渗透,为微波冻干关键技术的研究、装备开发及商业化应用提供了技术及经济支撑,微波冻干技术、理论得到不断完善。综

  8. Welfare standards in hospital mergers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katona, Katalin; Canoy, Marcel

    2013-08-01

    There is a broad literature on the consequences of applying different welfare standards in merger control. Total welfare is usually defined as the sum of consumer and provider surplus, i.e., potential external effects are not considered. The general result is then that consumer welfare is a more restrictive standard than total welfare, which is advantageous in certain situations. This relationship between the two standards is not necessarily true when the merger has significant external effects. We model mergers on hospital markets and allow for not-profit-maximizing behavior of providers and mandatory health insurance. Mandatory health insurance detaches the financial and consumption side of health care markets, and the concept consumer in merger control becomes non-evident. Patients not visiting the merging hospitals still are affected by price changes through their insurance premiums. External financial effects emerge on not directly affected consumers. We show that applying a restricted interpretation of consumer (neglecting externality) in health care merger control can reverse the relation between the two standards; consumer welfare standard can be weaker than total welfare. Consequently, applying the wrong standard can lead to both clearing socially undesirable and to blocking socially desirable mergers. The possible negative consequences of applying a simple consumer welfare standard in merger control can be even stronger when hospitals maximize quality and put less weight on financial considerations. We also investigate the implications of these results for the practice of merger control.

  9. An intra-household approach to the welfare costs of inflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cysne Rubens Penha

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The literature on the welfare costs of inflation universally assumes that the many-person household can be treated as a single economic agent. This paper explores what the heterogeneity of the agents in a household might imply for such welfare analyses. First, we show that allowing for a one-person or for a many-person transacting technology impacts the money demand function and, therefore, the welfare costs of inflation. Second, more importantly, we derive sufficient conditions under which welfare assessments which depart directly from the knowledge of the money demand function (as in Lucas, 2000 are robust (invariant under the number of persons considered in the household. Third, we show that Bailey?s (1956 partial-equilibrium measure of the welfare costs of inflation can be obtained as a first-order approximation of the general-equilibrium welfare measure derived in this paper using a many-person transacting technology.

  10. Monotonicity of social welfare optima

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers the problem of maximizing social welfare subject to participation constraints. It is shown that for an income allocation method that maximizes a social welfare function there is a monotonic relationship between the incomes allocated to individual agents in a given coalition...... (with at least three members) and its participation constraint if and only if the aggregate income to that coalition is always maximized. An impossibility result demonstrates that there is no welfare maximizing allocation method in which agents' individual incomes monotonically increase in society......'s income. Thus, for any such allocation method, there are situations where some agents have incentives to prevent society in becoming richer....

  11. Governance Strategies and Welfare Effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trifkovic, Neda

    Using an original dataset from the Vietnamese catfish sector, we study the impact of vertical coordination options on household welfare and the implications of different stages of vertical coordination for the success of the whole sector. The welfare gain from contract farming and employment...... on processor-owned estate farms is estimated using a maximum simulated likelihood estimator. Our results show positive welfare effects from participating in contract farming, but not from employment on processor-owned estate farms. The results imply that contract farming presents opportunities for economic...

  12. Programmatic approaches to assessing and improving animal welfare in zoos and aquariums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Joseph C E

    2009-11-01

    There continues to be intense public, professional, and scientific focus on the welfare of animals in zoos and aquariums, but implementing welfare assessment tools consistently throughout this community remains challenging. Indirect measures can be used to assess "welfare potential"-the potential that animals will experience good welfare based on the care that they are provided with. Zoos and aquariums focus on welfare potential with their continued commitment to develop animal care guidelines (e.g. Animal Care Manuals) that can play a role within institutional accreditation or certification. The Association of Zoos and Aquariums Animal Welfare Committee has been pursuing approaches to maximize welfare potential by developing the concept of an integrated welfare approach or framework-an attempt to identify recommended animal care programs (e.g. enrichment, nutrition, veterinary care, research, and animal training programs) and their programmatic components. Objectively assessing the influence that animal care recommendations have on the welfare of individual animals is important to determine the efficacy of programmatic approaches. The future of welfare assessment within zoos and aquariums will include population-level evaluations-tracking emerging trends in health and behavior that come from both formal and informal institutional animal reports. Sharing this information, and performing meta-analyses of the data using epidemiological approaches, will become easier with advances in technology and database management software. Identifying welfare "red/green flags" throughout captive populations will provide direction for more focused assessments that will ultimately inform the design of more effective animal care programs.

  13. Slowed ageing, welfare, and population problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wareham, Christopher

    2015-10-01

    Biological studies have demonstrated that it is possible to slow the ageing process and extend lifespan in a wide variety of organisms, perhaps including humans. Making use of the findings of these studies, this article examines two problems concerning the effect of life extension on population size and welfare. The first--the problem of overpopulation--is that as a result of life extension too many people will co-exist at the same time, resulting in decreases in average welfare. The second--the problem of underpopulation--is that life extension will result in too few people existing across time, resulting in decreases in total welfare. I argue that overpopulation is highly unlikely to result from technologies that slow ageing. Moreover, I claim that the problem of underpopulation relies on claims about life extension that are false in the case of life extension by slowed ageing. The upshot of these arguments is that the population problems discussed provide scant reason to oppose life extension by slowed ageing.

  14. Prospect on key equipments and technologies for superfine iron ore dressing%微细粒铁矿选矿关键装备技术和展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国旺; 周岳远; 辛业薇; 肖骁; 黄礼龙

    2012-01-01

    The key equipments and technologies for superfine iron ore dressing in recent years were reviewed in detail, and the development of the high intensity magnetic separator, fine mill and flotation column was also introduced. In addition, the latest development of the tower mil and the application of fine grinding technology to iron ore grinding were introduced, and study application and development of the high intensity magnetic separator as well as the application prospect of the flotation column to reverse flotation of superfine iron ore dressing were narrated also.%对近年来微细粒铁矿选矿的关键装备技术进行了详细评述,并对强磁选、细磨和浮选柱等装备的发展方向进行了展望。着重介绍了塔磨机的最新进展及细磨技术在铁矿中的应用,强磁选机的研究应用及发展,以及浮选柱在微细粒铁矿反浮选的应用前景。

  15. European welfare states beyond neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamson, Peter

    2010-01-01

    to order European welfare states. Hence, I agree with Francis Castles and Herbert Obinger (2008: 321) when they write: “Our main conclusions are that country clustering is, if anything, more pronounced than in the past, that it is, in large part, structurally determined and that the EU now contains a quite...... distinct post-Communist family of nations.” A superficial overview of spending on social protection in both relative and absolute terms from 1980 (1990 in Eastern Europe) to 2005 reveals no signs of retrenchment in any regime. But such summary indicators may mask a different distributional profile...... of benefits and an increase in risks and coverage. Therefore, the remainder of the paper discusses in more detail particular welfare reforms within each of the five welfare regimes. It is concluded that problems of welfare state development differ within the different regimes, but a strong commitment...

  16. Child Welfare Outcomes Data Portal

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The most current Child Welfare Outcomes data is featured on this site. Through the site, you can view the data before the full report is published. The most recently...

  17. European welfare states beyond neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamson, Peter

    2010-01-01

    After the golden age of welfare state development in Europe, the glorious thirty years from 1945 to 1974, perceptions changed and the welfare state was interpreted to be in crisis. One solution to the crisis was a neo-liberal approach emphasizing privatization and retrenchment. And at least...... rhetorically this perspective gained ground during the 1980s in Northwestern Europe and during the 1990s in the newly emerging market economies of Central and Eastern Europe. However, on the whole, social science literature has been more concerned about trying to explain welfare state resilience to change than...... identifying retrenchment even if parts of the literature do argue for such a perspective. This seeming contradiction within the scholarly community calls for a more precise definition of all three import concepts: What should be understood by neo-liberal reform or a neo-liberal approach? Which welfare...

  18. 终端设备物理隔离技术策略研究%Study on Technology and Strategy of Terminal Equipment Physical Isolation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵毅

    2013-01-01

    为防范来自网络和本地针对计算机信息的侵害,本文对现有的物理隔离技术进行较为详尽的分析,强调处理涉密信息的终端设备硬盘必须与连接网络的硬盘物理隔离.根据计算机信息安全对身份鉴别的要求,借鉴门禁与汽车防盗技术,提出使用身份卡、汽车防盗遥控器作为身份鉴别的凭证,将其系统模块与物理隔离部件集成为一个产品的新技术策略,同步实现防范来自远程和本地的侵害.新策略是对现有成熟技术的整合,完全可行并值得推广.%Aiming to prevent the damage of information in computer from Internet and local network, the existing physical isolation technology is analyzed, specially for the situation, that the hard drive of the terminal equipment carried privileged information has to connect with Internet. Based on computer information security to identification, referenced of the lesson on access control and automotive anti-theft technology, a new technical strategy is proposed, which combines system modules with physical isolated parts as one production by using identity cards, car alarm remote control as the certificate of authentication, to avoid remote and local aggression. The new strategy is the integration of existing mature technology, therefore it' s entirely feasible and worthy of promotion.

  19. Welfare Reform Will Create More Misery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanley, James

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the effects of welfare reform on American Indian families and college students. Contends that, under the new federal welfare program, tribes that choose to administer welfare will lose matching funds from state governments, resulting in a 30-50% loss of welfare benefits for eligible recipients. (JDI)

  20. Improving Animal Welfare in Livestock Operations

    OpenAIRE

    International Finance Corporation

    2014-01-01

    In the past decade, animal welfare has been increasingly recognized in importance in commercial livestock operations. Governments, academic institutions, and animal welfare professionals are addressing animal welfare at different points in the agricultural supply chain, while consumers are demanding higher standards for food safety and animal welfare. Meanwhile, regional and global initiat...

  1. Analysis on installation new technology of super high-rise buildings electrical and mechanical equipments%超高层建筑机电设备的安装新技术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李维国

    2014-01-01

    主要介绍了高层建筑机电设备安装新技术的特点,分析了高层建筑机电设备安装中存在的种种问题,提出了高层建筑机电设备安装技术的改进措施,最后介绍了超高层建筑机电设备的安装新技术,以促进机电设备安装质量的提高。%Introduced the characteristics of installation new technology of electrical and mechanical equipment of high-rise buildings,analyzed the existing various problems in mechanical and electrical equipment installation of high-rise buildings,put forward the improvement measures of electrical and mechanical equipment installation technology of high-rise buildings,finally introduced the installation new technology of electrical and mechanical equipment of super high-rise buildings,promote the improvement of installation quality of electrical and mechanical equipments.

  2. 45 CFR 95.641 - Applicability of rules for charging equipment in Subpart G of this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS) Automatic Data Processing Equipment and Services-Conditions... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicability of rules for charging equipment in Subpart G of this part. 95.641 Section 95.641 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES...

  3. Immune responses to improving welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berghman, L R

    2016-09-01

    The relationship between animal welfare and the immune status of an animal has a complex nature. Indeed, the intuitive notion that "increased vigilance of the immune system is by definition better" because it is expected to better keep the animal healthy, does not hold up under scrutiny. This is mostly due to the fact that the immune system consists of 2 distinct branches, the innate and the adaptive immune system. While they are intimately intertwined and synergistic in the living organism, they are profoundly different in their costs, both in terms of performance and wellbeing. In contrast to the adaptive immune system, the action of the innate immune system has a high metabolic cost as well as undesirable behavioral consequences. When a pathogen breaches the first line of defense (often a mucosal barrier), that organism's molecular signature is recognized by resident macrophages. The macrophages respond by releasing a cocktail of pro-inflammatory cytokines (including interleukin-1 and -6) that signal the brain via multiple pathways (humoral as well as neural) of the ongoing peripheral innate immune response. The behavioral response to the release of proinflammatory cytokines, known as "sickness behavior," includes nearly all the behavioral aspects that are symptomatic for clinical depression in humans. Hence, undesired innate immune activity, such as chronic inflammation, needs to be avoided by the industry. From an immunological standpoint, one of the most pressing poultry industry needs is the refinement of our current veterinary vaccine arsenal. The response to a vaccine, especially to a live attenuated vaccine, is often a combination of innate and adaptive immune activities, and the desired immunogenicity comes at the price of high reactogenicity. The morbidity, albeit limited and transient, caused by live vaccines against respiratory diseases and coccidiosis are good examples. Thankfully, the advent of various post-genomics technologies, such as DNA

  4. Composting equipment design and technology for rural refuse disposal%处理农村生活垃圾装置的研制及工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文国来; 王德汉; 李俊飞; 邹璇; 孙艳军

    2011-01-01

    为了探索农村生活垃圾的处理途径,该文研究了一种新型一体化处理生活垃圾的装置及工艺,以广州市番禺区猛涌村生活垃圾为研究对象,进行了2个月的中试试验.研制的堆肥装置分4个小仓,每个小仓容纳垃圾1.56 m3,总容积6.24 m3,抽风机功率为1.1 kW/h,抽风频率为1 d 10次,每次30 min,总时间为5 h,每天总耗电量5.5 kW,能耗低.通过12 d高温发酵,24 d编织袋二次发酵的处理方式,温度能达到60℃的天数在5 d以上,出仓时减容约为40%,堆肥产品质量符合要求,且整个处理过程无二次污染,结果表明该装置及工艺可以用来处理农村生活垃圾,可充分做到垃圾减量化、无害化和资源化.%The environmental risk caused by the rural refuse increasingly is proved to be a big issue because there is not enough place for landfill. A new kind of composting equipment and technology was studied for dealing with such a problem in this paper. The composting equipment, which is composed of 4 bins with 1.56 m3 volume of each bin, was tested for 2 months at the municipal solid waste transfer station at Mengyong village, Panyu district in Guangzhou. The power of exhaust fan was 1.1 kW/h, the operation frequency was 10 times per day, 30 minutes per time, so the total operation time was 5 hours a day, the energy cost of the whole compost was 5.5kW. Through 12 days of high temperature fermentation followed by 24 days of bag fermentation, the temperature could be up to 60 °C for at least 5 days, the volume reduction rate of the rural refuse could reach up to 40% after 12 days, and there was no secondary pollution in the whole compost. The results showed that the composting equipment and technology was a feasible way to realize quantitative reduction, harmlessness and resources recovery of the rural refuse.

  5. 数据仓库与数据挖掘技术用于煤矿设备预测检修%Data Warehouse and Data Mining Technology for Coal Mine Equipment Forecast Overhaul

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱芙菁

    2013-01-01

    随着科学技术的发展,煤矿设备系统运行检测技术不断得到提高,设备的维护经验也日益丰富。而作为整个企业管理信息系统的一个子系统,当前煤矿设备预测检修体系具有良好的数据共享性,能够和其它管理系统进行联接,实现信息共享,提高管理的高效性和准确性。文章首先概述了预测检修与数据库技术,建立了数据仓库与数据挖掘技术用于煤矿设备预测检修体系,然后提出了相关配套措施:健全大型煤矿设备检修制度、尽可能地升级煤矿设备和提高检修人员的技术水平。%With the development of science and technology, coal mining equipment system runs detection technology constantly improve equipment maintenance experience increasingly rich. As a subsystem of the entire enterprise management information system, the current coal mining equipment predictive maintenance system has good data sharing, connection and other management systems, information sharing, improve management efficiency and accuracy. This paper begins with an overview of predictive maintenance and database technology, the establishment of a data warehouse and data mining technology for coal mining equipment predictive maintenance system, then supporting measures: the sound of a large coal mine equipment maintenance system, as much as possible to upgrade coal mining equipment and increase maintenance personnel technical level.

  6. 焦炉推焦粉尘治理工艺选择及设备配置%Technological Selection of Dust Treatment and Equipment Collocation While Coking in Coke Oven

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜乃斌; 邢显昌

    2012-01-01

      The article probes into the technological selection of dust treatment and equipment col ocation while coke choosing in coke oven; makes focus on and analyzes the three main topics of flue dust col ection, transportation and dust filter-ing of dust treatment in coke oven tapping.

  7. 纸机干燥部余热回收技术与设备(续)%Technology and Equipment of Waste Heat Recovery in Dryer Section of Paper Machine (Continuous)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀文

    2012-01-01

    Some waste heat recovery technology and equipment used in dryer section of paper machine at home and abroad were introduced in this paper.%介绍一些国际、国内余热回收技术和设备,供同行分析、研究和借鉴.

  8. 电视照明技术与先进设备的融合%Television Lighting Technology and Advanced Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏济舟

    2014-01-01

    在早期的电视作品创作之中,照明工作主要是为场景提供一个合适的色温与照度以方便摄像机工作,这时体现到的是其较为实用的一面,如今的电视照明工作不仅具有以上实用性,更多的是在为作品的渲染环境和创造意境方面发挥作用,体现了其艺术性的一面,之所以照明技术取得这样大的进步,很大程度取决于先进的技术设备在影视照明领域的运用。%Works created in the early days of TV , lighting the work is mainly to provide a suitable color tem-perature and the intensity of illumination for the camera work , at this time to reflect is the more practical side , today′s TV lighting not only has more practical , more is in the works for rendering environment , play a role to create artistic conception , embodies the artistic side of the lighting technologies have made such great pro-gress, largely depends on the use of advanced technology and equipment in the field of film and television lighting.

  9. Security of supply in electricity markets: Improving cost efficiency of supplying security and possible welfare gains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klinge Jacobsen, Henrik; Grenaa Jensen, Stine

    2012-01-01

    by possible welfare gains. From a welfare perspective it is possible that security levels are too high and obtained with too high costs. Adjusting the effort so that marginal cost for securing supply is at similar levels in generation capacity and in network maintenance could increase welfare even without......In liberalised markets the ability to maintain security of electricity supply is questioned because security is characterised as a public good. We discuss if this property can be modified with changing technology. Furthermore, we examine if construction of markets for security can be justified...... the need to construct markets. Secondarily, a consumer defined average level of security might improve welfare. Finally, different willingness to pay among customers and construction of advanced markets might increase welfare further. We argue that several cost and welfare improvements can be achieved...

  10. The effectiveness of using the combined-cycle technology in a nuclear power plant unit equipped with an SVBR-100 reactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasilov, V. F.; Dudolin, A. A.; Gospodchenkov, I. V.

    2015-05-01

    The design of a modular SVBR-100 reactor with a lead-bismuth alloy liquid-metal coolant is described. The basic thermal circuit of a power unit built around the SVBR-100 reactor is presented together with the results of its calculation. The gross electrical efficiency of the turbine unit driven by saturated steam at a pressure of 6.7 MPa is estimated at η{el/gr} = 35.5%. Ways for improving the efficiency of this power unit and increasing its power output by applying gas-turbine and combined-cycle technologies are considered. With implementing a combined-cycle power-generating system comprising two GE-6101FA gas-turbine units with a total capacity of 140 MW, it becomes possible to obtain the efficiency of the combined-cycle plant equipped with the SVBR-100 reactor η{el/gr} = 45.39% and its electrical power output equal to 328 MW. The heat-recovery boiler used as part of this power installation generates superheated steam with a temperature of 560°C, due to which there is no need to use a moisture separator/steam reheater in the turbine unit thermal circuit.

  11. Theoretical and experimental fundamentals of designing promising technological equipment to improve efficiency and environmental safety of highly viscous oil recovery from deep oil reservoirs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moiseyev, V. A.; Nazarov, V. P.; Zhuravlev, V. Y.; Zhuykov, D. A.; Kubrikov, M. V.; Klokotov, Y. N.

    2016-12-01

    The development of new technological equipment for the implementation of highly effective methods of recovering highly viscous oil from deep reservoirs is an important scientific and technical challenge. Thermal recovery methods are promising approaches to solving the problem. It is necessary to carry out theoretical and experimental research aimed at developing oil-well tubing (OWT) with composite heatinsulating coatings on the basis of basalt and glass fibers. We used the method of finite element analysis in Nastran software, which implements complex scientific and engineering calculations, including the calculation of the stress-strain state of mechanical systems, the solution of problems of heat transfer, the study of nonlinear static, the dynamic transient analysis of frequency characteristics, etc. As a result, we obtained a mathematical model of thermal conductivity which describes the steady-state temperature and changes in the fibrous highly porous material with the heat loss by Stefan-Boltzmann's radiation. It has been performed for the first time using the method of computer modeling in Nastran software environments. The results give grounds for further implementation of the real design of the OWT when implementing thermal methods for increasing the rates of oil production and mitigating environmental impacts.

  12. Data availability and the need for research to localize, quantify and recycle critical metals in information technology, telecommunication and consumer equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chancerel, Perrine; Rotter, Vera Susanne; Ueberschaar, Maximilian; Marwede, Max; Nissen, Nils F; Lang, Klaus-Dieter

    2013-10-01

    The supply of critical metals like gallium, germanium, indium and rare earths elements (REE) is of technological, economic and strategic relevance in the manufacturing of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE). Recycling is one of the key strategies to secure the long-term supply of these metals. The dissipation of the metals related to the low concentrations in the products and to the configuration of the life cycle (short use time, insufficient collection, treatment focusing on the recovery of other materials) creates challenges to achieve efficient recycling. This article assesses the available data and sets priorities for further research aimed at developing solutions to improve the recycling of seven critical metals or metal families (antimony, cobalt, gallium, germanium, indium, REE and tantalum). Twenty-six metal applications were identified for those six metals and the REE family. The criteria used for the assessment are (i) the metal criticality related to strategic and economic issues; (ii) the share of the worldwide mine or refinery production going to EEE manufacturing; (iii) rough estimates of the concentration and the content of the metals in the products; (iv) the accuracy of the data already available; and (v) the occurrence of the application in specific WEEE groups. Eight applications were classified as relevant for further research, including the use of antimony as a flame retardant, gallium and germanium in integrated circuits, rare earths in phosphors and permanent magnets, cobalt in batteries, tantalum capacitors and indium as an indium-tin-oxide transparent conductive layer in flat displays.

  13. Processing Technology and Equipment of Color Peanut Chocolate%彩色花生巧克力豆加工工艺技术及设备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王威

    2014-01-01

    Equipments and their basic working principle, structure and usage for peanut chocolate were intro-duced. Technology requirements and formula of color chocolate were discussed. Taking peanut as core material, peanut chocolate could be made with a percentage of cocoa powder, cocoa butter, sugar powder, lecithin, pigment and polish-ing agent. Products had bright color, rich nutrition and unique flavor.%本文介绍了制作花生巧克力所需设备以及设备的基本工作原理、构造和使用方法;探讨了彩色巧克力豆制作过程的工艺条件和配方。采用巧克力花生豆成套设备,以花生为芯料,可可粉、可可脂、糖粉、卵磷脂、色素和抛光剂按一定的比例,可制作出来色泽光亮、营养丰富、风味独特的花生巧克力豆。

  14. 用新型设备配置的废纸OCC制浆工艺%Waste Paper OCC Pulping Technology of Using New Equipment Configuration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永龙

    2012-01-01

    waste paper-pulping is a collection of stripped between the fiber and fiber, fiber and impurities, the purification and upgrading of the fiber quality, the washing of pulp, the classification of fiber, hot dispersion and refining processing as one of the pulping process.the most suitable operation method and equipment were chosen in operation units to reach the best processing effect. And then, the entire stock preparation technology of the production line and design must be due a higher product quality and cost-efficient and low-carbon economy requires.%废纸制浆是集纤维与纤维,纤维与杂质之间的剥离、纤维质量的净化及提升、浆料的洗涤浓缩、纤维的分级、纤维的热分散和磨浆处理为一体的制浆过程。各操作单元中选择最适用的操作方法和设备,来达到最好的处理效果。所以整条浆料制备生产线的技术及设计方案必须应有较高的产品档次及成本效率和符合低磁经济要求。

  15. Invertebrate welfare: an overlooked issue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelsey Horvath

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available While invertebrates make up the majority of animal species, their welfare is overlooked compared to the concern shown to vertebrates. This fact is highlighted by the near absence of regulations in animal research, with the exception of cephalopods in the European Union. This is often justified by assumptions that invertebrates do not experience pain and stress while lacking the capacity for higher order cognitive functions. Recent research suggests that invertebrates may be just as capable as vertebrates in experiencing pain and stress, and some species display comparable cognitive capacities. Another obstacle is the negative view of invertebrates by the public, which often regards them as pests with no individual personalities, gastronomic entities, or individuals for scientific experimentation without rules. Increasingly, studies have revealed that invertebrates possess individual profiles comparable to the personalities found in vertebrates. Given the large economic impact of invertebrates, developing certain attitude changes in invertebrate welfare may be beneficial for producers while providing higher welfare conditions for the animals. While the immense number and type of species makes it difficult to suggest that all invertebrates will benefit from increased welfare, in this review we provide evidence that the topic of invertebrate welfare should be revisited, more thoroughly investigated, and in cases where appropriate, formally instituted.

  16. Comparative research on technological innovation and technological diffusion of magnates in communication equipment industry%通信设备巨头技术创新布局与扩散比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋天华; 于光; 石春生

    2011-01-01

    专利引文是衡量技术创新的重要指标。以著名的德温特(DII)创新系统的数据,对通信设备行业两家重要企业思科与华为的专利引文进行分析。结果显示,一些中国高技术企业经过多年的技术创新,其研发效率已经追上世界一流的跨国企业;中国企业的技术扩散主要是在国内,国际间技术扩散刚刚起步,影响力较小;而跨国企业技术扩散是全球性的,影响力处于龙头地位;追赶型企业技术创新是力求突破的锥型布局,领先企业是平衡型的哑铃布局;企业的技术创新布局主导着它们的技术扩散方向,中国企业技术创新与扩散的宽度大,但是优势技术少,技术深度低。而跨国企业优势技术多,技术扩散的深度高,技术专业化程度比较高。%Patent citation is one of important indicators surveying technological innovation. By analyzing DII' S patent citations of two top enterprises Cisco and Huawei in communications equipments industry, their innovation and technology diffusion are explored. Results argue that through long - term innovation, the efficiency of some Chinese high - technological firms in R&D has caught up with that of some top multinationals; Technological diffusion of Chinese enterprises mainly distributes in domestic firms. Its technological internationalization just starts now and has the weak influence. And the multinational technological diffusion is global and has the strong influence; Technological innovation of the pursuing enterprise displays a awl - shaped distribution, and technological innovation of the advanced enterprise shows a dumbbell distribution; the distribution of technological innovation leads the direction of technological diffusion; The distribution width of technological innovation and diffusion for Chinese enterprises are widen, however, its top technologies are fewer, the technical specialization level is low, and multinational

  17. Main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Abeni

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this review is to summarise the main causes of poor welfare in intensively reared dairy cows. Intensive farming systems are considered, both from a structural and a managerial point of view, for their constraints that may limit animal welfare: possible physical activity; acceptable interactions with humans and other animals; feeding and watering, protection from climate, parasites, and diseases. The dairy farms managed according to the organic rules do not always guarantee, per se, better welfare conditions; organic or low input dairy farming needs to consider the right interaction among cattle breed and herd management, focusing on the actual quality of feedstuffs meet face cow requirements. The considered structural aspects evidence how special care must be given to the rest area (straw yard or cubicle; to the floors that should be not too hard or abrasive and not slippery; to the cubicle bedding material to ensure hygiene, softness, and dryness; to the feeding (and watering area to reduce conflicts; to a microclimate control system, to avoid heat stress during summer time. The importance of proper management for animal welfare is evidenced for buildings and equipment, to have clean and comfortable stables and well functioning milking machines; nutritive and storage quality of feeds; diet suitability (energy, protein, physically efficient fibre, buffers etc., in the different phases of a dairy cow’s life (dry period, close-up, transition, and lactation; feed distribution (frequency and time, and 24h availability. Special attention has to be paid to the social aspects, regarding both animal competition (stocking density, group size, and human/animal interactions (methods of management and manipulation. The interaction between welfare and health requires special attention. Poor welfare can cause immune depression, thus increasing the risk of disease. In turn, any disease that causes an inflammatory response may determine depression

  18. ADVANCES IN ANIMAL WELFARE FOR FREE-LIVING ANIMALS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    Over several decades, animal welfare has grown into its own free-standing field of scientific study, from its early beginnings in laboratory animal research to eventually include exhibited animals and farm animals. While it has always been present to some degree, consideration of animal welfare for free-ranging animals has lagged behind, developing as a field of study in the last 20 yr or so. Part of that increase was that animal welfare legislation was finally applied to studies being done on free-ranging animals. But it is the appreciation by the biologists and veterinarians working on wild animals, in which the quality of their results is largely controlled by the quality of the animals they use in their studies, which has resulted in increased attention to the well-being or welfare of the animals that they use. Other important influences driving the recognition of wildlife welfare have been changes in the public's expectations of how wild animals are dealt with, a shift in focus of wildlife professionals from managing animals that can be hunted or angled to include nongame species, the decrease in participation in hunting and fishing by members of the public, and the entry of large numbers of women into fish and wildlife agencies and departments and into veterinary medicine. Technical improvements have allowed the safe capture and handling of large or dangerous animals as immobilization drugs and equipment have been developed. The increasing use of sedating drugs allows for handling of animals with reduced stress and other impacts. A number of topics, such as toe-clipping, branding, defining which taxa can or cannot feel pain, catch-and-release fishing, and more, remain controversial within wildlife science. How we treat the wild animals that we deal with defines who we are as wildlife professionals, and animal welfare concerns and techniques for free-ranging animals will continue to develop and evolve.

  19. Welfare-Reducing Trade Liberalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schröder, Philipp J.H.; Jørgensen, Jan G.

    Recent literature on the workhorse model of intra-industry trade has explored heterogeneous cost structures at the firm level. These approaches have proven to add realism and predictive power. This paper shows, however, that this added realism also implies that there may exist a positive bilateral...... tariff that maximizes national and world welfare. Applying one of the simplest specifications possible, namely a symmetric two-country intra-industry trade model with fixed export costs that are heterogeneous across firms, we find that the reciprocal reduction of small tariffs reduces welfare....

  20. Welfare-Reducing Trade Liberalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schröder, Philipp J.H.; Jørgensen, Jan G.

    Recent literature on the workhorse model of intra-industry trade has explored heterogeneous cost structures at the firm level. These approaches have proven to add realism and predictive power. This note shows, however, that this added realism also implies that there may exist a positive bilateral...... tariff that maximizes national and world welfare. Applying one of the simplest specifications possible, namely a symmetric two-country intra-industry trade model with fixed export costs that are heterogeneous across firms, we find that the reciprocal reduction of small tariffs reduces welfare. We explore...

  1. Crafting the English Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ydesen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    administrators in England during the constitutive years of English welfare state formation. Using Birmingham local education administration as an empirical and historical case, the influential Children Acts of 1948 and 1963 serve to demarcate the period treated. The theoretical framework is drawn from Bourdieu...... and Wacquant’s concept of state, with the key concept being ‘state-crafting’. The article contributes knowledge about the imaginaries, and the manufacturing and managing of ‘the public good’ – understood as a referent for modern governing – of the English welfare state. The article concludes...

  2. Assessment of welfare in pigs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Antonella Volpelli

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the definition given by Appleby (1996, animal welfare represents the state of well-being brought about by meeting the physical, environmental, nutritional, behavioural and social needs of the animal or groups of animals under the care, supervision or influence of people. Suitable husbandry techniques and disease control (in which man is directly involved may satisfy an animal’s physical, environmental and nutritive needs. However, it cannot be stated that people’s supervision or influence always guarantee the satisfaction of behavioural and social needs. Thus, special attention must be paid to these factors in intensive husbandry. This paper calls attention to the main factors characterizing pig welfare on the basis of productive, physiological, pathological and behavioural indicators; to the behavioural needs, which are characterised by several peculiar traits (it is noteworthy that, since the beginning, all categories of reared pigs have been involved in welfare legislation; to all categories of pigs that often show the effects of negative stimuli on their behaviour (limitations, variations; to the main critical points on the farm likely to cause welfare impairment or stress including buildings, inner facilities, space allowance, microclimate, lighting systems, environmental stressors, feeding management, mutilations, weaning, social factors, and stockmanship; and to environmental stressors including dust, odours (especially ammonia and noises. This paper takes into account sources, effects and possible solutions for noises; the positive effect of fibrous feeding; environmental enrichment and other possible techniques for improving social status and for preventing/reducing stereotypic behaviour and abnormal reactions (e.g. tail biting. The scientific/objective evaluation of welfare for intensively reared pigs may be carried out by means of direct observation of the animals themselves (animal-based or encompassing performance

  3. 以高新医疗设备推动技术创新提升服务质量%Promoting Technological Innovation and Improving Service Quality with the Application of High-tech Medical Equipments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永昌; 汪春晖; 干振华; 杨国斌

    2012-01-01

    The role of medical equipments for diagnosis has transformed from assistant tools to important means. With the development of medical equipments, technological innovation has been promoted, which improves the quality of medical services. The important roles of high-lech medical equipments in promoting technological innovation and improving the quality of medical services will be discussed in this article. The problems which should be paid attention to during the introduction and application of the medical equipments with high technology will also be presented in terms of innovation promotion and quality improvement of medical services.%医疗设备已从过去作为疾病诊治的辅助工具,逐渐变为重要手段.医疗设备的发展,推动了技术创新,促进了医疗服务质量提升.本文主要阐述了高新医疗设备在推动技术创新、提升服务质量中的意义,剖析了各类高新医疗设备的作用,以及它们发挥作用的主要体现,并从推动技术创新、提升服务质量视角,对引进和应用高新医疗设备应注意的问题进行了探讨.

  4. Mobile Money, Smallholder Farmers, and Household Welfare in Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Kikulwe, Enoch M.; Elisabeth Fischer; Matin Qaim

    2014-01-01

    The use of mobile phones has increased rapidly in many developing countries, including in rural areas. Besides reducing the costs of communication and improving access to information, mobile phones are an enabling technology for other innovations. One important example are mobile phone based money transfers, which could be very relevant for the rural poor, who are often underserved by the formal banking system. We analyze impacts of mobile money technology on the welfare of smallholder farm h...

  5. Present Status and Prospects of Modernized Mining Technology and Equipment in China Coal Mine%中国煤矿现代化开采技术装备现状及其展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金华

    2011-01-01

    总结了近10年来中国煤机装备先进的技术成果,以及大采高综采、大采高综放开采、短壁开采等现代化开采技术现状及其应用.我国现代化开采方法与煤机装备的协调快速发展,大幅推进了煤矿"高产、高效、安全、洁净"的发展进程,形成了具有中国特色的现代化开采技术与装备体系.对中国煤矿现代化开采技术与装备的发展趋势进行了前瞻性展望,认为我国现代化开采技术在快速发展的同时,工作面装备智能化技术,成套装备系统高可靠性综合技术,安全、环境与采煤协调开采技术,高强度开采条件下围岩活动规律等仍需进行进一步深入研究.%The paper summarized the advanced technical achievements of the coal machinery equipment in China in the passed 10 years,including the present status and application of the high mining height fully mechanized coal mining, high mining height mechanized top coal caving mining, shortwall coal mining and other modernized coal mining technology. The coordinative rapid development of the modernized mining method and the coal machinery equipment in China had highly pushed the progress of the “mine high production, high efficiency, safety and clean” development and had formed the modernized mining technology and equipment system with China characteristics. The paper had a prospective outlook on the development tendency of the modernized mining technology and equipment in China. The paper held that meanwhile the modern coal mining technology in China was rapidly developing, a further deep study on the intelligent technology of the coal mining face equipment, the high reliability comprehensive technology of the completed equipment system, safety, environment and coal mining coordinated mining technology, the surrounding rock activity law under the high intensified mining conditions shall be conducted.

  6. Outlook of Weaving Equipment and Technology- An Overview of the Weaving Equipment Exhibited on ITMA 2015%织造装备技术的最新进展-- ITMA 2015参展织造装备评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马磊

    2016-01-01

    本文简要概述了ITMA 2015展会上展出的剑杆织机、喷气织机、地毯织机、特种窄幅织机等织造装备的性能特点,指出织造装备正在朝着高效节能、自动化、差异化的方向发展,设备稳定性和可靠性不断提升,品种适应性和应用领域不断拓展。%This paper brielfy summarized the characteristics of weaving equipment exhibited on ITMA 2015, including rapier loom, air jet loom, carpet weaving machine, special narrow fabric weaving machine and so on. It points out that the development direction of weaving equipment is high efifciency, energy saving, automation and differentiation. In addition, the equipment stability and reliability is improving, the variety adaptability and application ifeld is expanding.

  7. Welfare assessment in transgenic pigs expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huber, Reinhard C.; Remuge, Liliana; Carlisle, Ailsa

    2012-01-01

    Since large animal transgenesis has been successfully attempted for the first time about 25 years ago, the technology has been applied in various lines of transgenic pigs. Nevertheless one of the concerns with the technology—animal welfare—has not been approached through systematic assessment...... and statements regarding the welfare of transgenic pigs have been based on anecdotal observations during early stages of transgenic programs. The main aim of the present study was therefore to perform an extensive welfare assessment comparing heterozygous transgenic animals expressing GFP with wildtype animals...... months. The absence of significant differences between GFP and wildtype animals in the parameters observed suggests that the transgenic animals in question are unlikely to suffer from deleterious effects of transgene expression on their welfare and thus support existing anecdotal observations of pigs...

  8. Equipment Operational Requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenwalt, B; Henderer, B; Hibbard, W; Mercer, M

    2009-06-11

    The Iraq Department of Border Enforcement is rich in personnel, but poor in equipment. An effective border control system must include detection, discrimination, decision, tracking and interdiction, capture, identification, and disposition. An equipment solution that addresses only a part of this will not succeed, likewise equipment by itself is not the answer without considering the personnel and how they would employ the equipment. The solution should take advantage of the existing in-place system and address all of the critical functions. The solutions are envisioned as being implemented in a phased manner, where Solution 1 is followed by Solution 2 and eventually by Solution 3. This allows adequate time for training and gaining operational experience for successively more complex equipment. Detailed descriptions of the components follow the solution descriptions. Solution 1 - This solution is based on changes to CONOPs, and does not have a technology component. It consists of observers at the forts and annexes, forward patrols along the swamp edge, in depth patrols approximately 10 kilometers inland from the swamp, and checkpoints on major roads. Solution 2 - This solution adds a ground sensor array to the Solution 1 system. Solution 3 - This solution is based around installing a radar/video camera system on each fort. It employs the CONOPS from Solution 1, but uses minimal ground sensors deployed only in areas with poor radar/video camera coverage (such as canals and streams shielded by vegetation), or by roads covered by radar but outside the range of the radar associated cameras. This document provides broad operational requirements for major equipment components along with sufficient operational details to allow the technical community to identify potential hardware candidates. Continuing analysis will develop quantities required and more detailed tactics, techniques, and procedures.

  9. Reverse logistic of eletrical and eletronic equipment waste from information technology sector: reality, perspectives and challenges in Natal-RN, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Albuquerque Adriano da Silva

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to diagnose the situation of electrical and electronic equipment waste (WEEE across the information technology sector (trade and technical assistance from Natal (capital of Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeast of Brazil from reverse logistic perspective as well as to analyze how these companies have been preparing for the adjustments demanded by new Brazilian law concerning the waste management (National Policy on Waste Management. This is a quantitative and descriptive study on which was adopted a structured questionnaire with 23 variables divided into four groups (i the awareness level on WEEE, (ii WEEE management, (iii environmental management and (iv profile of companies  which was applied to 20 companies in the IT sector from Natal / RN. Concerning the results, it was observed that companies have experienced a huge number of deficiencies in infrastructure, information and articulation related to reverse logistic, which helps to explain the fact that 65% of the sample believed that customers are little or no interested in solid waste management issues in the company. Also in reference to the waste management, 35% throw away the WEEE  for recycling, providing the waste stream by the secondary markets. In addition, 60% of the sample were included in the group responsible for collecting and treatment of WEEE and 40% of companies have implemented the management plan and / or maintenance. In conclusion, it was observed that some companies are little attentive to the waste law and its impact on their business. Thus, the logistic reverse and the compliance with WEEE management are hampered by lack of WEEE management plans.

  10. 基于SAR的装备维修手册生成技术%Research on Generation Technology of Equipment Maintenance Handbook Based on Supportability Analysis Record

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文江; 胡起伟; 朱宁; 王业

    2014-01-01

    保障性分析记录(Supportability Analysis Record,SAR)是维修手册编写的基础数据来源,针对传统纸质维修手册存在的缺陷以及维修手册编写中SAR的利用率不高等问题,提出了以保障性分析记录建立底层数据环境直接生成维修手册的设计思想,构建了基于SAR的装备维修手册生成技术框架,突破了基于XML的SAR表示技术。该框架充分利用SAR数据生成维修手册,提高了分析数据的可重用性,避免了重复分析,降低了工作量,提高了维修手册生成效率。%Supportability analysis record is the basal data source of the maintenance handbook. For the limitation of traditional papery maintenance handbook and the low utilization of supportability analysis record when writing the maintenance handbook,the underlying data environment is established based on supportability analysis record,then the maintenance handbook created directly. In this paper, a technical framework of equipment maintenance handbook is built based on supportability analysis record,in which the supportability analysis record is fully utilized,and the technology of SAR expressing based on XML is broken through. So the reusability of the data is improved,repeated analysis is avoided,the workload is decreased,the efficiency of creating maintenance handbook is improved.

  11. A Reinforcement Learning Model Equipped with Sensors for Generating Perception Patterns: Implementation of a Simulated Air Navigation System Using ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez de Toledo, Santiago; Anguera, Aurea; Barreiro, José M; Lara, Juan A; Lizcano, David

    2017-01-19

    Over the last few decades, a number of reinforcement learning techniques have emerged, and different reinforcement learning-based applications have proliferated. However, such techniques tend to specialize in a particular field. This is an obstacle to their generalization and extrapolation to other areas. Besides, neither the reward-punishment (r-p) learning process nor the convergence of results is fast and efficient enough. To address these obstacles, this research proposes a general reinforcement learning model. This model is independent of input and output types and based on general bioinspired principles that help to speed up the learning process. The model is composed of a perception module based on sensors whose specific perceptions are mapped as perception patterns. In this manner, similar perceptions (even if perceived at different positions in the environment) are accounted for by the same perception pattern. Additionally, the model includes a procedure that statistically associates perception-action pattern pairs depending on the positive or negative results output by executing the respective action in response to a particular perception during the learning process. To do this, the model is fitted with a mechanism that reacts positively or negatively to particular sensory stimuli in order to rate results. The model is supplemented by an action module that can be configured depending on the maneuverability of each specific agent. The model has been applied in the air navigation domain, a field with strong safety restrictions, which led us to implement a simulated system equipped with the proposed model. Accordingly, the perception sensors were based on Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) technology, which is described in this paper. The results were quite satisfactory, and it outperformed traditional methods existing in the literature with respect to learning reliability and efficiency.

  12. A Reinforcement Learning Model Equipped with Sensors for Generating Perception Patterns: Implementation of a Simulated Air Navigation System Using ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Álvarez de Toledo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades, a number of reinforcement learning techniques have emerged, and different reinforcement learning-based applications have proliferated. However, such techniques tend to specialize in a particular field. This is an obstacle to their generalization and extrapolation to other areas. Besides, neither the reward-punishment (r-p learning process nor the convergence of results is fast and efficient enough. To address these obstacles, this research proposes a general reinforcement learning model. This model is independent of input and output types and based on general bioinspired principles that help to speed up the learning process. The model is composed of a perception module based on sensors whose specific perceptions are mapped as perception patterns. In this manner, similar perceptions (even if perceived at different positions in the environment are accounted for by the same perception pattern. Additionally, the model includes a procedure that statistically associates perception-action pattern pairs depending on the positive or negative results output by executing the respective action in response to a particular perception during the learning process. To do this, the model is fitted with a mechanism that reacts positively or negatively to particular sensory stimuli in order to rate results. The model is supplemented by an action module that can be configured depending on the maneuverability of each specific agent. The model has been applied in the air navigation domain, a field with strong safety restrictions, which led us to implement a simulated system equipped with the proposed model. Accordingly, the perception sensors were based on Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B technology, which is described in this paper. The results were quite satisfactory, and it outperformed traditional methods existing in the literature with respect to learning reliability and efficiency.

  13. 信息技术设备电磁泄漏建模与防护%Modeling and security protection on electromagnetic compromising emanations of information technology equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利涛; 郁滨

    2013-01-01

    The electromagnetic compromising emanations of information technology equipment and its protection are researched with the help of modeling. Electromagnetic interference and electromagnetic compromising emanations are comparatively analyzed. And it is found that electromagnetic interference emphasized the consequence of electromagnetic energy transfer, while electromagnetic compromising emanations pay more attention to the unintentional information leakage via electromagnetic waves. Modeling of electromagnetic compromising emanations is done with reference to the communication system. The concept of channel capacity is introduced and the conditions that should be met for information eavesdropping and recovery are given. On this basis , the security protection of electromagnetic compromising emanations is studied from the aspects of source and path. Research conclusions can give directions to the security protection and provide comprehensive insurance to information security.%通过建模方法对信息技术设备存在的电磁泄漏及其安全防护问题开展了研究.对比分析了电磁干扰和电磁泄漏两类问题,确定两者区别在于电磁干扰注重电磁能量转移造成的后果,而电磁泄漏则侧重于电磁波形式无意的信息传输.通过与通信系统进行对照分析,建立电磁泄漏模型,引入信道容量的概念并给出了窃收还原需要满足的条件.在此基础上深入分析了泄漏源与泄漏路径上的防护方法,研究结果可指导电磁泄漏防护的实践,为信息安全提供更全面的保障.

  14. A Reinforcement Learning Model Equipped with Sensors for Generating Perception Patterns: Implementation of a Simulated Air Navigation System Using ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez de Toledo, Santiago; Anguera, Aurea; Barreiro, José M.; Lara, Juan A.; Lizcano, David

    2017-01-01

    Over the last few decades, a number of reinforcement learning techniques have emerged, and different reinforcement learning-based applications have proliferated. However, such techniques tend to specialize in a particular field. This is an obstacle to their generalization and extrapolation to other areas. Besides, neither the reward-punishment (r-p) learning process nor the convergence of results is fast and efficient enough. To address these obstacles, this research proposes a general reinforcement learning model. This model is independent of input and output types and based on general bioinspired principles that help to speed up the learning process. The model is composed of a perception module based on sensors whose specific perceptions are mapped as perception patterns. In this manner, similar perceptions (even if perceived at different positions in the environment) are accounted for by the same perception pattern. Additionally, the model includes a procedure that statistically associates perception-action pattern pairs depending on the positive or negative results output by executing the respective action in response to a particular perception during the learning process. To do this, the model is fitted with a mechanism that reacts positively or negatively to particular sensory stimuli in order to rate results. The model is supplemented by an action module that can be configured depending on the maneuverability of each specific agent. The model has been applied in the air navigation domain, a field with strong safety restrictions, which led us to implement a simulated system equipped with the proposed model. Accordingly, the perception sensors were based on Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) technology, which is described in this paper. The results were quite satisfactory, and it outperformed traditional methods existing in the literature with respect to learning reliability and efficiency. PMID:28106849

  15. Animal welfare concepts and strategy for poultry production: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DJ Moura

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Well being of animals had been historically a public concern, since the beginning of human kind history. As world's population grows there is a need for food including meat. In the last decades there has been a great improvement in poultry production based on the careful control of several aspects, among which nutrition and management (environment, health and rearing systems. Nowadays, the search for good welfare conditions is a global tendency in animal production; however issues surrounding farm animal welfare or well-being, such as definitions, measurements, interpretation, and perception, continue to be controversial. It is known that the result of a broiler not adequately housed is a direct loss in production which leads towards a thought that health, welfare and productivity are intimately connected. In the other hand hints are found in the observation of behavioral responses as well as vocalization, which may provide more precise assessment to welfare. This has been possible due to the use of information technology applied to the field of ethology as well as the multidisciplinary view of the problem. This text provides a review on broiler's welfare issues since its definition to several way of trying to assess it adequately.

  16. Intercultural Health Care and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ben

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen har fokus på undervisning, planlægning, udvikling og evaluering af et internationalt tværfagligt valgfag Intercultural Health Care and Welfare, der udbydes på Det Sundhedsfaglige og Teknologiske Fakultet på Professionshøjskolen Metropol. Ifølge den tysk-amerikanske professor Iris Varner og...

  17. Air quality and human welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundseth K.

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Human welfare is generally referring to allocation of resources to fit the well being of humans. If high standard of well-being is to be maintained, the concerns for a healthy environment must be balanced against requirements of economic growth. In a natural capital system, human welfare is best served by improving the quality and flow of desired services delivered rather than merely increasing the total money flow. An ecosystem based management of living and natural resource use will steer this progress to the best of human welfare while the efficiency of ecosystem based management depends strongly on the availability of integrated assessment tools that will combine environmental models and monitoring data with ecological economic valuation methods. In applied welfare economics, the methodological approach to assess resource allocations towards societal optimality and thereby establish criteria for government intervention is often linked to tools as Cost-ffectiveness Analysis (CEA, Cost-Benefit Assessment (CBA or Multi-criteria Analysis (MCA. By illustrating an assessment on costs and benefits of the implementation of Hg emission reduction measures in the coal sector, it becomes obvious that for a full analysis of societal costs and benefits, several aspects of Hg pollution, sources, impacts and co-benefits need to be considered.

  18. STRESS AND ANIMAL-WELFARE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WIEPKEMA, PR; KOOLHAAS, JM

    1993-01-01

    When individual vertebrates loose grip on their life conditions stress symptoms appear and their welfare becomes problematic. Present day research supports the view that stress can originate when an organism experiences a substantial reduction of predictability and/or controllability (P/C) of releva

  19. Jobs and welfare in Mozambique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Sam; Tarp, Finn

    Mozambique has achieved remarkable macroeconomic success over recent decades, boasting one of the world’s highest rates of GDP growth. However, absolute poverty remains persistent, spilling over into social unrest. To better understand the link between aggregate growth and household welfare...

  20. Crafting the English Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ydesen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    administrators in England during the constitutive years of English welfare state formation. Using Birmingham local education administration as an empirical and historical case, the influential Children Acts of 1948 and 1963 serve to demarcate the period treated. The theoretical framework is drawn from Bourdieu...

  1. Measuring Welfare of Productive Consumers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Tinbergen (Jan)

    1987-01-01

    textabstractIn the last few decades an increasing number of economists have contributed to new methods of welfare (or utility) measurement. As set out in this journal (Tinbergen, 1985) three groups of economists have been active in this field since 1968, initially relatively independently; an Americ

  2. Environmental Sustainability based on Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    2005-01-01

    The paper argues that the Scandinavian countries have some traditions of equity and social welfare, which are essential for reaching a truly environmentally sustainable society. But for the highly polluting Denmark, this would require a dramatic change in the political visions. Maintaining the pr...

  3. Ethnicization in Welfare State Politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Frederik Georg

    , but also why it is more likely for some issues (such as European integration or crime) than others (such as welfare). The dissertation includes four stand-alone articles illustrating the influence of group identities in political cognition. Compared to the existing literature, they suggest...

  4. Jobs and welfare in Mozambique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Sam; Tarp, Finn

    Mozambique has achieved remarkable macroeconomic success over recent decades, boasting one of the world’s highest rates of GDP growth. However, absolute poverty remains persistent, spilling over into social unrest. To better understand the link between aggregate growth and household welfare...

  5. Faces of the Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mette-Louise

    2012-01-01

    the welfare State and other realms of life, such as their family and neighborhood, threatening to take away their children (to crime, to prison, to foster families or to the divorced partner, etc). The paper conceptualizes immobility and confinement as embedded in the contrary; a continuous spatial placement...

  6. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Surgery support system for brain tumors and other conditions; 1999 nendo iro fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Noshuyo nado shujutsu shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    A function of coordinated operation of two manipulators by a single operating lever and a function of detecting interference between manipulators are incorporated into a micro-manipulator system, and the new functions are found to work. A function of detecting, and displaying information on, any operation beyond the effective range is installed, and this improves on operability. A video microscope system is evaluated by experiments with phantoms and clinical applications, and it is found that it is serviceable. An adjustable arm stand is fabricated for the stereoscopic viewer, and its serviceability is verified. A variable convergence stereoscopic display for surgical operators is manufactured experimentally for practical application at clinical operations. Measurement error is evaluated of the positioning system installed on the second trial microscope. As for the micro-manipulator system, its operability and forceps operations are tested and evaluated on an experimentally built system. A display system is developed for endoscope images and micro-manipulator information. The surgical vision system is integrated with the micro-manipulator system, and the result is highly evaluated by surgical operators. (NEDO)

  7. 45 CFR 95.705 - Equipment costs-Federal financial participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Equipment costs-Federal financial participation. 95.705 Section 95.705 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-GRANT PROGRAMS (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE, MEDICAL ASSISTANCE AND STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH...

  8. New Trends in School Science Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Norman K., Ed.

    This four-part volume examines trends, problems, and issues related to school science equipment. Part 1 focuses on laboratory work and practical activities in science and technology education, considering equipment and curriculum development, equipment development related to curricula in Brazil, uses of local resources for practical work,…

  9. Prediction on Technological Transformation of Substation Primary Equipment Based on Assets Wall%基于资产墙的变电一次主设备技改投资预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玺; 陈杏; 宋依群; 杨镜非; 温晓昇; 陈志峰

    2015-01-01

    Concentrated transformation caused for reason of intensive commissioning of electric power equipments may bring great financial pressure and reliability risk,therefore,this paper discusses scientific prediction on future technological trans-formation scale of electric power equipments. Total scale of technological transformation of the electric power company is the total of technological transformation of all equipments,in allusion to individual differences,the paper studies assets wall projecting model based on random simulation which comprehensively considers overall unity and individual randomness of the equipments and may improve reasonability and veracity of predicting outcomes. The asset projecting model and Monte Carlo simulation was used for predicting investment scale of technological transformation of four types substation primary main e-quipments of 1 1 0 kV and above voltage level in Jiangmen power supply bureau of Guangdong power grid co.,ltd..Expected value of investment scale of medium and long term technological transformation of existing equipments in this power supply bureau was predicted as well and fluctuation interval of investment on technological transformation was provided according to different confidence levels.%电力设备密集投运所导致的集中改造将给电力公司带来较大的资金压力和可靠性风险,基于此,对电力设备未来技改规模的科学预测进行了探讨。电力公司技改总规模是所有设备技改的总和,针对设备的个体差异,研究基于随机模拟的资产墙投映模型,综合考虑设备的整体统一性和个体随机性,可提高预测结果的合理性和准确性。利用资产投映模型和蒙特卡罗模拟,对广东电网有限责任公司江门供电局110 kV及以上的四类变电一次主设备的技改投资规模进行预测,预测了该供电局现有设备中长期技改投资规模的期望值,并根据不同的置信水平给出技改投资的波动区间。

  10. Final model of multicriterionevaluation of animal welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Marianne; Botreau, R; Bracke, MBM

    One major objective of Welfare Quality® is to propose harmonized methods for the overall assessment of animal welfare on farm and at slaughter that are science based and meet societal concerns. Welfare is a multidimensional concept and its assessment requires measures of different aspects. Welfar......, acceptable welfare and not classified. This evaluation model is tuned according to the views of experts from animal and social sciences, and stakeholders....... Quality® proposes a formal evaluation model whereby the data on animals or their environment are transformed into value scores that reflect compliance with 12 subcriteria and 4 criteria of good welfare. Each animal unit is then allocated to one of four categories: excellent welfare, enhanced welfare...

  11. 3D 打印技术对装备维修保障的影响与对策%Influence of 3D Printing Technology on Equipment Maintenance Support and Relevant Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭继周; 吴集; 邓启文

    2016-01-01

    随着3D 打印技术的迅速发展和打印材料种类不断增多,3D 打印在装备维修保障领域已呈现出良好的应用前景。针对3D 打印技术的快速发展,科学分析了3D 打印技术为信息化战争装备维修保障带来的发展机遇,系统研究了3D打印技术发展对信息化战争装备维修保障的影响,提出了推进3D 打印技术在装备维修保障领域应用的对策建议。%With fast development of 3D printing technologies and increasing of printing materials, 3D printing has shown good application prospect in equipment maintenance field.Aiming at the rapid development of 3D printing technologies,the paper scientifically researches on the opportunities the 3D technology has offered for equipment maintenance support of information-based warfare,system-atically studies on the influence of such technology on the equipment maintenance support of informa-tion-based warfare and brings out some countermeasures and suggestions on how to facilitate the ap-plications of 3D printing technology in equipment maintenance support.

  12. Design of a Precise Medical Equipment Positioning System Based on Internet of Things Technology%基于物联网技术的医疗设备精确定位系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高峰; 张胜; 刘惠欣; 杨友良; 马翠红; 汤园园

    2016-01-01

    Objective To develop an accurate medical equipment positioning system based on Internet-of-things (IoT) technology so as to strengthen the management of medical equipment and prevent the loss of hospital’s ifxed assets. Methods The RFID (Radio Frequency Identiifcation) electronic tag was instal ed in the medical equipment and the RFID reader was instal ed in important areas of the hospital, which enabled the real-time transmission of the mobile trajectory of the medical equipment to the server so as to realize accurate positioning of the medical equipment. Results The system solved the dififculties in tracking and management of medical equipment and made it easy to make an inventory of the ifxed assets of the hospital and improve informatization level of medical equipment management. Conclusion The IoT-technology-based accurate medical equipment positioning system demonstrated its practicality, stability and extensibility in the accurate location of the medical equipment.%目的:基于物联网技术开发医疗设备精确定位系统,加强对医院医疗设备的管理,防止医院固定资产丢失。方法在医疗设备上安装射频识别(RFID)电子标签,在医院的重要区域安装RFID阅读器,将医疗设备的移动轨迹实时地发送至服务器,从而实现对医疗设备的精确定位。结果该系统的应用基本解决了医疗设备跟踪管理的困难,方便了医院固定资产盘点核对,提高了医疗设备管理的信息化水平。结论基于物联网技术的医疗设备精确定位系统,具有良好的实用性、稳定性和扩展性。

  13. The Future of the Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Bent

    This book challenges the common beliefs that the European welfare states are already in or are heading towards crisis and that the process of globalisation necessarily takes away any hopes of eventual worldwide welfare.......This book challenges the common beliefs that the European welfare states are already in or are heading towards crisis and that the process of globalisation necessarily takes away any hopes of eventual worldwide welfare....

  14. Drilling equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voyevodin, Yu.M.; Kholosha, Ye.G.; Leshchenko, A.G.; Timchenko, A.I.

    1979-01-10

    The invention refers to units designed for extracting minerals by mechanical action on the face by a cutting tool. There is a known drills which includes a pulse device which contains a combustion chamber, cylinder, piston-percussion tool and cutting tool. The combustion chamber and the sub-piston cavity of the cylinder are connected by a channel in which there is a distributor. Its shortcoming is the fact that the pulse device does not guarantee the necessary motion of the actuating mechanism for its velocity and frequency of the shocks on the cutting tool. This reduces the efficiency of the operation and limits the area of application. The purpose of the proposed invention is to improve productivity of the device. This is achieved because the head of the drill is equipped with a 2-piston pulse device which contains 2-combustion chambers, 2 working cylinders, 2 piston percussion instruments, a rod with gas-conducting and connecting channels for interconnection of the sub-piston cavities and combustion chambers of both cylinders. The spent gases of one cylinder are used for closing the combustion chamber of the second cylinder.

  15. Welfare Rights in the Liberal Tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Thomas A.

    1990-01-01

    Maintains that welfare rights are not incompatible with liberalism's commitment to private property and freedom. Argues that students need to be aware of liberalism's favorable historical position on welfare. Examines the positions of John Locke, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mills on poverty, welfare, and the role of the state. (RW)

  16. 77 FR 895 - Tribal Child Welfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... 45 CFR Parts 1355 and 1356 Tribal Child Welfare; Interim Final Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 77... Welfare AGENCY: Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF), Administration for Children and... submitted via email to CBComments@acf.hhs.gov . Please include ``Tribal Child Welfare'' in the subject...

  17. Welfare Reform and Reducing Teen Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawhill, Isabel V.

    2000-01-01

    Most adolescent mothers are unmarried and on welfare. Congress enacted new welfare legislation that emphasizes reducing teen pregnancy and requiring work, but states are reluctant to meet this challenge. Discusses child poverty's new face, public policy and culture wars, welfare reform, and social norms. Concludes that reducing unwed parenthood…

  18. Has the Nordic Welfare Model Been Transformed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Bent; Kvist, Jon

    2011-01-01

    The Nordic welfare model is undergoing a fundamental transformation. Using Denmark we show how a universal welfare state model is gradually being transformed into an emergent multi-tiered welfare state. Whereas the Danish pension system's having become multi-tiered in the 1990s, with private...

  19. Welfare Rights in the Liberal Tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Thomas A.

    1990-01-01

    Maintains that welfare rights are not incompatible with liberalism's commitment to private property and freedom. Argues that students need to be aware of liberalism's favorable historical position on welfare. Examines the positions of John Locke, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mills on poverty, welfare, and the role of the state. (RW)

  20. Application of the 3D Printing Technology in the Maintenance of Medical Equipment%三维打印技术在医疗器械维修中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐路钊; 张华伟; 吴书铭; 刘成友; 蒋红兵

    2016-01-01

    The application of the three-dimensional printing technology in the medical ifeld has become widely used. The technology can be used in the production of customer-specified surgical models, implants, prosthesesand customized surgical equipment for a particular surgery. Yet the application of three-dimensional printing technology in the maintenance of the medical equipment is not common. In the daily maintenance of equipment, the deifciency and the high price of the spare parts has brought much inconvenience to the maintenance work. By analyzing the different cases in routine equipment maintenance, this paper used different modeling methods to conduct three-dimensional reduction of the existing or missing parts. The paper also compared the three-dimensional molded parts with the original parts and veriifed the effectiveness of the application in the medical equipment maintenance.%三维打印技术在医疗领域的应用范围越来越广泛,能够定制特定手术模型、植入物、假肢和个性化手术设备等,但三维打印技术在医疗设备维修中的应用却较少。在日常的设备维修保养中,设备零配件的缺失和高昂的价格给维修工作带来了诸多不便。本文结合日常维修实例,对已有或缺失的零配件使用不同的建模方法进行三维还原,比较了三维成型件与原零配件的特性,并通过实验验证了三维打印技术在医疗设备维修中的应用价值。

  1. The Paradigmatic Struggle for Legitimacy of the Danish Welfare State regarding the Provision of Welfare Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, John Storm; Nielsen, Anna Lyneborg; Rendtorff, Jacob Dahl

    2014-01-01

    The Danish welfare state constitutes a paradigmatic case of the welfare struggle of modern welfare states. Taking care of vulnerable children and youths is used as a case study here, to illustrate the efforts of the welfare state to acquire legitimacy as a body of public administration. That is, ...

  2. Corporate Welfare: The Third Stage of Welfare in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoesz, David

    1986-01-01

    Corporate involvement in social welfare represents a third stage in the evolution of welfare institutions in the United States, following the voluntary sector and the welfare state. Examining health and welfare corporations reveals rapid growth and consolidation in nursing homes, hospital management, health maintenance organizations, child care,…

  3. Comparing Drug Use between Welfare-Receiving Arrestees and Non-Welfare-Receiving Arrestees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacoubian, George S., Jr.; Peters, Ronald J., Jr.; Urbach, Blake J.; Johnson, Regina J.

    2002-01-01

    Compares drug-positive rates between welfare-receiving arrestees, non-welfare receiving arrestees living below the poverty level, and non-welfare arrestees living above the poverty level. Welfare-receiving arrestees were more likely to be female, older, less educated, and to test positive for opiates and benzodiazepines than the other subgroups.…

  4. 物联网技术在浙江省地震台站设备管理中的应用%Application of the internet of things technology in the equipment management of the seismic stations in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈吉锋; 陈军辉; 张帆

    2015-01-01

    According to the status that seismic stations have increased while the shortage is existed in equipment management, we designed an intelligent management system, which was based on the technology of radio frequency identifi cation (RFID) and modern communication technology, to achieve the real-time monitoring and inventory of seismic equipment. Compared with the traditional management situation,this system can ensure the equipment management accurate and effi cient operation of seismic stations, at the same time, it helps to provide evidence for the analysis of the seismic equipment failure.%针对目前浙江省地震监测台站不断增多,地震设备管理存在严重不足的现状,设计一种基于射频识别(RFID)技术及现代通信技术的地震设备物联网化智能管理系统,实现对台站设备从采购、仓储、安装、维修、报废等整个生命周期的实时监控与盘点。与传统资产管理模式相比,该系统能确保地震台站设备管理精确和高效运行,并可为地震台站设备故障原因分析提供依据。

  5. 模辊式生物质燃料成型技术及设备的研究进展%Research Progress of Biomass Pellet Fuel Solidification Technology and Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝玲; 祖宇; 董良杰

    2012-01-01

    从模辊式生物质燃料成型技术的起源、设备类型与特点以及影响因素、成型机理、设备和关键部件的研究现状等方面进行了总结,分析了模辊式生物质燃料成型技术与设备的发展潜力、遇到的问题及研究成果,并对今后研究方向及设备结构的优化提出了看法.%With the summary of these aspects which are the origin of the mould and roller biomass fuel forming technology, types and characteristics of the equipment and the research status of its influence factors, formation mechanism, equipment and key components, this paper analyzed the development potential of the mould and roller biomass fuel forming technology and equipment, problems and results in the research, and gave suggestions of the future direction in research and the optimization of equipment.

  6. Welfarism and extra-welfarism: a critical overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brayan Viegas Seixas

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Rules and principles for guiding decision-making in the health care sector have been debated for decades. Here, we present a critical appraisal of the two most important paradigms in this respect: welfarism and extra-welfarism. While the former deals with the maximization of the overall sum of individual utilities as its primary outcome, the latter has been focusing on the maximization of the overall health status. We argue that welfarism has three main problems: (1 its central idea of overall sum of individual utilities does not capture societal values decisively relevant in the context of health; (2 the use of the Potential Pareto Improvement brings an unresolvable separation between efficiency and equity; and (3 individual utility may not be a good measure in the health sector, given that individuals might value things that diminish their overall health. In turn, the extra-welfarist approach is criticized regarding four main limitations: (1 the advocated expansion of the evaluative space, moving from utility to health, may have represented in reality a narrowing of it; (2 it operates using non-explicit considerations of equity; (3 it still holds the issue of “inability to desire” of unprivileged people being considered the best judges of weighing the criteria used to building the health measures; and (4 there is controversial empirical evidence about society members’ values that support its assumptions. Overall, both paradigms show significant weaknesses, but the debate has still been within the realm of welfare economics, and even the new approaches to resource allocation in health care systems appear to be unable to escape from these boundaries.

  7. The Struggle for Recognition: Embracing the Islamic Welfare Effort in Indonesian Welfare System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirojudin Abbas

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the struggle of Indonesian Muslims to integrate Islam welfare programs into the statutory social welfare policy and provisions in Indonesia. Indonesia Muslims have gone through a long process of political struggle and negotiation to be able to embrace religious based social welfare programs as one element of a pluralistic social welfare system. The enactment of Law number 38/1999 on zakat administration and its utilization of Islamic welfare purposes signifies the formal accomodation of Islamic welfare effort into social welfare policies in Indonesia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i1.645

  8. Aquatic Equipment Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sova, Ruth

    Equipment usually used in water exercise programs is designed for variety, intensity, and program necessity. This guide discusses aquatic equipment under the following headings: (1) equipment design; (2) equipment principles; (3) precautions and contraindications; (4) population contraindications; and (5) choosing equipment. Equipment is used…

  9. Welfare Reform: Employers' Perceptions of Factors Associated with Virginia's Initiative for Employment Not Welfare

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Bernice B. Jr.

    1998-01-01

    Welfare Reform: Employers' Perceptions of Factors Associated with Virginia's Initiative for Employment Not Welfare by Bernice B. Wilson Daisy L. Stewart, Chair Vocational and Technical Education (ABSTRACT) Welfare reform has been an issue in America for many years. The need to make positive changes to the welfare system escalated to the point that federal legislation was passed in 1996. This legislation mandated that each state establish welfare-t...

  10. Bill E. Kunkle Interdisciplinary Beef Symposium: Practical developments in managing animal welfare in beef cattle: what does the future hold?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyles, J L; Calvo-Lorenzo, M S

    2014-12-01

    Interest in the welfare of cattle in the beef industry has intensified over time because of ethical concerns and varying societal perceptions that exist about the treatment and living conditions of farm animals. The definition of welfare will vary according to an individual's philosophies (how one defines and prioritizes what is "good"), experiences (societal and cultural influences of animal roles and relationships), and involvement in the livestock industry (knowledge of how livestock operations work and why). Many welfare concerns in the beef industry could be mitigated by enhancing traditional husbandry practices that utilize practical improvements to alleviate or eliminate heat stress, pain from routine husbandry procedures, negative cattle handling, and the transitional effects of weaning, dry feeding, transportation, and comingling of calves. Recent concerns about the potential welfare effects of feeding technologies such as β-adrenergic agonists (BAA) have emerged and led to industry-wide effects, including the removal of a single BAA product from the market and the development of BAA-specific welfare audits. Altogether, the beef industry continues to be challenged by welfare issues that question a large range of practices, from traditional husbandry to newer technological advancements. As welfare awareness increases, efforts to improve livestock care and management must focus on scientific investigations, practical solutions, consumer perceptions, and educational tools that advance knowledge and training in livestock welfare. Furthermore, the future of beef cattle welfare must align welfare concerns with other aspects of sustainable beef production such as environmental quality, profitability, food safety, and nutritional quality.

  11. 呼气检测技术与设备的研究进展%Progress in Technology and Equipment of Exhaled Breath Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林丽泉; 董浩; 王福园; 陈星

    2016-01-01

    As an important physiological process for human beings, breathing is one of the most important ways to exchange substances between the human body environment and the outside world. Various studies suggested that the type and concentration of the exhaled breath that contains a large number of metabolic products, have close relationships with human health. Nitric oxide, one kind of exhaled gas, is an internationally recognized molecular markers of airway inflammation. Through detecting the exhaled markers, we can promptly detect the body's health condition, and monitor the occurrence and development of diseases, so as to achieve the purpose of disease prevention. Due to the non-invasive, exhaled breath detection technology and equipment emerged in large numbers both at home and abroad.%呼吸作为人体重要的生理过程,是人体内环境与外界交换物质的途径之一。呼出气体中包含着大量人体新陈代谢的产物,各项研究表明呼出物的种类和浓度在一定程度上能反映人体健康状态。通过检测呼出气中的标志物能及时诊断人体的健康状态,对疾病的发生、发展过程进行监测,从而达到疾病预防的目的。由于呼气检测的无损性,国内外涌现出了许多呼吸检测技术和设备,本文主要介绍了气体采样、进样及预处理技术与设备,复杂混合气体、特定标识物、呼出气中冷凝物的检测技术和设备的研究进展。

  12. Intelligent Robot Warehouse Equipment Key Technology%智能仓储机器人装备关键技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建雄; 孟特

    2016-01-01

    Intelligent Storage System is a major technology and equipment to complete the task of automated transport and logistics robot access.Its foldable rack,double U-shaped frame new structural design,can easily walk through from the bottom shelf,high utilization of space,which can be distributed in accordance with the work area RFID radio frequency identification code and two -dimensional sensor set,accurate calculation and Analyzing the current position and expected tasks from the corresponding control algorithm,pose estimation and reference models feature matching and complete accurate positioning between the station and warehouse shelves of independent walking.Logistics robot represents the development direction of modern logistics,logistics and distribution to accelerate the reaction rate,reduce infrastructure costs and service costs,the traditional logistics enterprise management and business processes to be radically improved.%智能仓储系统中的主要技术和装备是完成自动搬运和存取任务的仓储物流机器人。其采用可折叠机架、双U型框架新型结构设计,可方便的从货架底部穿行,空间利用率高,其可根据分布在工作区域RFID射频、二维识别码和传感器检测集,准确计算和判断当前位置和预期任务,由相应的控制算法、位姿估计和参考模型特征匹配而完成精确定位,在工位和仓库货架之间自主行走。仓储物流机器人代表着现代物流的发展方向,能够加快物流配送的反应速度,降低基建成本及服务成本,使传统物流企业的管理和业务流程得到根本性的提升。

  13. Post-Communist Welfare Pathways

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cerami, Alfio; Vanhuysse, Pieter

    This collection adopts novel theoretical approaches to study the diverse welfare state pathways that have evolved across Central and Eastern Europe since the fall of communism in 1989. Going beyond existing path dependency and neo-institutionalist explanations, it highlights the role of explanatory...... factors such as micro-causal mechanisms, ideas, discourses, path departures, power politics, and elite strategies. This book includes contributions from leading international Experts such as Claus Offe, Robert Kaufman, Stefan Haggard, Tomasz Inglot, and Mitchell Orenstein, to examine welfare in specific...... or oppose reform, and national or supranational ideas and discourse that frame those reform efforts.' - Vivien A. Schmidt, Jean Monnet Professor of European Integration, Boston University ‘Quite an extraordinary book. One rarely reads an edited volume in which contributors engage each other the way they do...

  14. The ethics of fish welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, J C

    2009-12-01

    The topic of fish welfare in the context of commercial fisheries is a difficult one. From traditionally anthropocentric or human-centred perspectives, fishes are simply objects for humans to use as they see fit. When it is argued that anthropocentrism is arbitrary, it may appear that a strong animal rights position is the only recourse, with the result that humans ought not to use animals in the first place, if it is at all possible. It can be argued that both positions fail to view human beings as part of the natural world. If human beings are viewed as part of the world from which they live, then it has to be asked what it means to be respectful of the animals which humans use and from which they live. From this perspective, concern for the welfare of the fishes humans eat is simply what should be expected from humans as good citizens in the community of living creatures.

  15. Gender and Welfare Regimes Revised

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamson, Peter

    2015-01-01

    demographic patterns, with more elderly persons in need of both care and support, coupled with smaller working-age populations to deliver that care and support. Mapping and comparing the combinations of welfare regarding care for the elderly in China and Denmark reveals serious inequalities of class, gender......China and Denmark could hardly be more different cases for comparison: a huge developing one-party state set against a small post-industrial plural state. Despite these significant and categorical differences, however, both states are faced with similar challenges when it comes to changing...... and generation, but also with respect to class. The conclusion is that Denmark and China are converging towards a model of welfare combinations set within an overall framework of universalism. The most important lines of conflict revolve around generation, though class and gender also remain influential....

  16. Housing Welfare Policies in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lotte

    2013-01-01

    that the institutional differences between the Swedish model of municipal ownership and the Danish model of independent cooperative social housing associations provides different sources of resistance to the prospective dismantlement of social housing as we know it. The fifth section presents the recent Danish reform......It is commonplace to refer to the Nordic countries of Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland as a distinctive and homogenous welfare regime. As far as social housing is concerned, however, the institutional heritage of the respective countries significantly frames the ways in which social...... housing is understood, regulated and subsidized, and, in turn, how housing regimes respond to the general challenges to the national welfare states. The paper presents a historical institutionalist approach to understanding the diversity of regime responses in the modern era characterized by increasing...

  17. Animal Welfare in Air Transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Popović

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Animal welfare is becoming an evermore-important factorfor air carriers from the economical viewpoint, due to its importantimpact on the carrier public image. High standard care hasto be taken of animals during transport in order to satisfy an importantsegment of airline customers, either the Business/Firstclass passengers travelling with pets, or influential shippers ofracing horses, dogs, Zoo species etc.Air transp011 of animals, disregarding other advantages,may pose a threat to their health and welfare being a significantmultifactorial stressor. Along with cardiovascular, endocrineand metabolic abe1mtions, it affects the immune response ofan animal and increases susceptibility to infection. Therefore,strict conditions for air transport of eve1y animal species havebeen imposed. Transport of only healthy animals is approved,as it is necessG/y to prevent the spread of disease during transportand to provide satisfactOJy environment for animals to betransported.

  18. Welfare Dynamics under Time Limits

    OpenAIRE

    Jeff Grogger; Charles Michalopoulos

    2003-01-01

    Among the most important changes brought about by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is the imposition of time limits. In this paper, we analyze a simple model in which a potential welfare recipient chooses how to allocate her time-limited endowment of benefits so as to maximize her expected lifetime utility. Not surprisingly, the model reveals that time limits provide an incentive for the consumer to conserve, or bank, her benefits. More inte...

  19. Assessment of welfare in pigs

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    According to the definition given by Appleby (1996), animal welfare represents the state of well-being brought about by meeting the physical, environmental, nutritional, behavioural and social needs of the animal or groups of animals under the care, supervision or influence of people. Suitable husbandry techniques and disease control (in which man is directly involved) may satisfy an animal’s physical, environmental and nutritive needs. However, it cannot be stated that people’s s...

  20. Human cloning and child welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burley, J; Harris, J

    1999-01-01

    In this paper we discuss an objection to human cloning which appeals to the welfare of the child. This objection varies according to the sort of harm it is expected the clone will suffer. The three formulations of it that we will consider are: 1. Clones will be harmed by the fearful or prejudicial attitudes people may have about or towards them (H1); 2. Clones will be harmed by the demands and expectations of parents or genotype donors (H2); 3. Clones will be harmed by their own awareness of their origins, for example the knowledge that the genetic donor is a stranger (H3). We will show why these three versions of the child welfare objection do not necessarily supply compelling reasons to ban human reproductive cloning. The claim that we will develop and defend in the course of our discussion is that even if it is the case that a cloned child will suffer harms of the type H1-H3, it is none the less permissible to conceive by cloning so long as these cloning-induced welfare deficits are not such as to blight the existence of the resultant child, whoever this may be. PMID:10226914

  1. The welfare of dairy buffalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Winckler

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper addresses the issue of buffalo welfare. Firstly, the biological characteristics and behavioural needs of buffalo are considered. Subsequently, the effects of intensive farming and some animalrelated indicators, to be used for a monitoring scheme of buffalo welfare at farm level, are described. The attention was focused on the following indicators: excessive thinning or fattening assessed with Body Condition Score (BCS systems; cleanliness (the presence of mud may be considered positively, whereas a thick and compact layer of dung may be regarded negatively; health status (lameness, hoof overgrowth, injuries, etc.; social, aggressive, oral abnormal behaviours; animal-human relationship (avoidance distance at manger; positive indicators (qualitative assessment of behaviour, etc.; housing factors. The indicators are discussed on the basis of their validity (meaningful with respect to animal welfare, reliability (reflecting the tendency to give the same results on repeated measurements and feasibility (concerning time and money consumed. For some aspects, the differences between buffalo and dairy cattle are also highlighted.

  2. Evaluating the Welfare of Index Insurance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrison, Glenn W.; Martínez-Correa, Jimmy; Ng, Jia Min

    accounting for their risk preferences, and structurally decompose the sources of the welfare effects of index insurance. Our results show that the compound risk in index insurance decreases the welfare of index insurance choices made by individuals. The behavioral inability to process compound risks...... decreases welfare when there is a compound risk of loss, whereas loss probability, basis risk and premium only impact the welfare of insurance choices when the risk of loss is expressed in its reduced, non-compound form. We also see, again, that take-up is not a reliable indicator of welfare. Furthermore......, the drivers of increased welfare from index insurance are not be the same drivers of increased take-up, so take-up is not even a useful proxy for guiding policy to improve welfare....

  3. Remote monitoring of electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram, and behavior during controlled atmosphere stunning in broilers: Implications for welfare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenen, A.M.L.; Lankhaar, J.A.C.; Lowe, J.C.; McKeegan, D.

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the welfare implications of euthanizing broilers with 3 gas mixtures relevant to the commercial application of controlled atmosphere stunning (CAS). Birds were implanted/equipped with electrodes to measure brain activity (electroencephalogram, EEG) and heart rate. These signals w

  4. Welfare Analysis of Lifting the GM Ban in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Chetvertakov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Use of genetically modified crops is prohibited in Russia, however, Russian politicians are currently discussing this technology. This article evaluates the potential welfare effects of adopting genetically modified crops in Russia, focusing on the potential benefits to Russian producers who adopt herbicide tolerant corn and soybeans. Calculations are based on supply and demand functions of current market situations and their potential shifts. The results quantify the potential monetary gains from open markets to genetic engineering technology and explain the potential additional costs related to technology adoption.

  5. 装备制造企业突破性创新与技术创新绩效的关系研究%Research on Technological Innovation in Equipment Manufacturing Enterprise with Radical Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐建中; 贾大风; 吕希琛; 杨慧兰

    2015-01-01

    Rapidly changing market demands and technological change incentives make radical innovation a strategic tool for China’s equipment manufacturing enterprises to leap forward in technology.Equipment manufacturing enterprises with radical innovation can receive superiority and advantage in technology,product,market and competitiveness.At the same time,equipment manufacturing enterprises with radical innovation enhance their innovation management capabilities and tacit knowledge absorption capacity so as to improve technological innovation output performance and process performance.Improving policy mechanisms’enhancing support system and strengthening the enterprises’dominant innovation position with the lead of radical innovation can enhance the technological innovation performance.%市场需求快速变化和技术变革动荡的双重诱因,使得突破性创新成为我国装备制造企业实现技术跨越的战略工具。装备制造企业开展突破性创新可以获得技术优势、产品优势、市场优势及竞争优势,提升企业的创新管理能力和隐性知识吸收能力,进而影响装备制造企业技术创新的产出绩效与过程绩效。完善突破性创新政府政策机制、完善突破性创新支撑体系和强化企业突破性创新主体地位等能有效提升我国装备制造企业技术创新绩效。

  6. Fault diagnosis methods and technology of electrical equipments%电气设备的故障诊断方法与技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永飚

    2015-01-01

    分析了常用电气设备故障诊断方法。包括电气设备故障的种类及特点,查找电气故障的方法及手段,电气设备维修的十项基本原则等。%The fault diagnosis methods of commonly used electrical equipments are analyzed, which include the types and characteristics, finding methods and means of electrical faults, and ten basic principles of electrical equipment maintenance, etc..

  7. 玉米半湿法提胚关键工艺与设备研究综述%Research Overview on Key Technology and Equipments for Corn Germ Extraction with Semi-wet Milling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任宁; 阮竞兰

    2013-01-01

      对玉米半湿法提胚关键工艺与设备进行综述,阐述了玉米半湿法提胚原理;指出充分调质、高效脱胚和合理提胚是玉米半湿法提胚的三个关键工艺环节,水汽调节机、玉米脱胚机和玉米提胚机是玉米半湿法提胚的关键设备,并对各设备的优缺点进行了分析;最后指出必须研制具有自主知识产权且具有较高科技含量的玉米提胚关键设备,才能提高我国玉米深加工与综合利用的水平与质量。%The key technology and equipments for the corn germ extraction with semi-wet milling was sum-marized,and its extraction principle was explained in this paper .It was pointed that adequate conditioning ,effi-cient degerming , and reasonable germ extraction were the key technology for the corn germ extraction with semi-wet milling;and water conditioner ,degerminator;and device for germ extraction were its key equipments . The advantages and disadvantages of the equipments were analyzed .It was pointed out in the last that the key equipments for corn germ extraction with proprietary intellectual property rights and higher technology content must be researched in order to improve the level and quality of the deep processing and comprehensive utiliza -tion for corns.

  8. The Research on Improving the Technological Innovation Ability of Equipment Manufacturing Industry in the Post- crisis Era%后危机时代提升我国装备制造业技术创新能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景刚; 耿慧敏

    2011-01-01

    “十二五”规划建议中指出了要坚持走中国特色新型工业化道路,此次金融危机加快了世界产业格局的调整,对于我国装备制造业企业而言,抓住机遇,提升企业的技术创新能力,保持长期的竞争优势,显得尤为重要.虽然改革开放以来,我国装备制造业得到长足发展,在一些领域已达到世界领先水平,但也存在着产品技术含量低、自主创新能力差等方面的不足.这就需要提高我国装备制造企业技术创新能力,增强产业核心竞争力,推进产业升级,促进装备制造业持续稳定增长.%"Twelve Five - Year" plan proposed the need to adhere to the new path of industrialization with Chinese charac teristics. The financial crisis has accelerated the adjustment of industrial structure in the world. For the equipment manu facturing enterprises in China, it is particularly important to seize opportunities, enhance corporate technological innovation ability and maintain long - term competitive advantage. Since reform and opening, Chinas equipment manufacturing indus try has made rapid progress and reached world leading level in some areas, but there are also low technological content of products and poor capacity of independent innovation gaps. So equipment manufacturing enterprises should improve the technological innovation capability, enhance the industry's core competitiveness, promote industrial upgrading, and promote the sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry.

  9. Present situation and Countermeasures of management of mechanical and electrical equipment maintenance technology in coal mine%煤矿机电设备维修技术管理的现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超

    2016-01-01

    Coal Mine Electrical and mechanical equipment maintenance in place, proper maintenance will greatly improve work efifciency, prolong the use of coal mine mechanical and electrical equipment in a certain extent for a long time, so coal mine electrical and mechanical equipment maintenance technology in the present stage of production and life is very important. However, there are still many problems in the coal mining enterprises, coal mining machinery and electrical equipment maintenance. to solve these problems is an important prerequisite for the healthy and safe development of coal mine enterprises.%煤矿机电设备养护到位、维修得当是提高其工作效率的根本保证,也会在一定程度上延长煤矿机电设备的使用寿命。但是在煤矿企业,煤矿机电设备的维修管理仍然存在许多问题,解决这些问题是煤矿企业健康、安全发展的重要前提。

  10. Effect of Cooperative Learning and Traditional Methods on Students' Achievements and Identifications of Laboratory Equipments in Science-Technology Laboratory Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Suleyman

    2011-01-01

    Science lessons taught via experiments motivate the students, and make them more insistent on learning science. This study aims to examine the effects of cooperative learning on students' academic achievements and their skills in identifying laboratory equipments. The sample for the study consisted of a total of 43 sophomore students in primary…

  11. 既有通信传输设备扩容施工技术%Construction Technology of the Existing Communication Transmission Equipment Expansion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭政平

    2015-01-01

    Based on the Datong-Baotou railway electrification reconstruction engineering expanding communication trans-mission equipment,the paper introduces how to carry on the business in both the transmission equipment and capacity. Through the organization and implementation of the plan,it can not only ensure the transmission equipment expansion one-time across all sites,but also ensure the normal operation of the existing equipment very well.%以在大包线电气化改造工程中进行既有传输设备扩容为例,对如何在既有传输设备上进行业务的扩容进行了阐述。通过该扩容方案的组织和实施,既保证了全线所有站点传输设备一次性扩容完成,又很好地保证了既有设备正常运行。

  12. Chemical-mechanical cleaning technology of ferrous sulfide in oil field equipment%油田设备中硫化亚铁的化学-机械清洗技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新强

    2012-01-01

    A cleaning technology combined by JY -01 ferrous sulfide elimination agent and mechanical three-dimensional rotated cleaning is discussed. It can be used to solve the problem about elimination of ferrous sulfide in some equipments, such as oil storage tanks. This technology is characterized by high cleaning speed and no corrosion on equipments. The hidden trouble in safety generated by self-ignition of ferrous sulfide in the process of oil field equipment maintenance, overhaul and tank cleaning can be solved effectively by that.%介绍了一种将JY—01除硫化亚铁药剂与机械三维旋转清洗相结合的清洗技术,来解决油田储罐等设备中硫化亚铁清除的问题。该技术清洗速度快,对设备不产生腐蚀,能够有效解决油田设备维修、检修及清罐过程中硫化亚铁自燃带来的重大安全隐患。

  13. 基于虚拟技术的矿山设备维修训练系统设计研究%Design of maintenance training system for mining equipments based on virtualization technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金葵

    2011-01-01

    以改进矿山设备维修训练手段为目的,通过对矿山设备虚拟维修系统开发关键技术的分析,提出了基于虚拟技术的矿山设备维修训练系统结构设计思路;并将建立好的设备训练系统应用于矿山维修训练中,达到了降低训练费用、缩短训练时间及提高训练效果的目的.%In order to improve the maintenance training methods for mining equipments, after analysing key technologies of developing virtual maintenance system for mining equipments, the ideas of designing the structure of maintenance training system for mining equipments based on virtualization technology are proposed.In addition, the established maintenance training system is applied to maintenance training in a mine, thus training costs decrease, training duration shortens and training effects improve.

  14. Animal welfare and use of silkworm as a model animal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekimizu, N; Paudel, A; Hamamoto, H

    2012-08-01

    Sacrificing model animals is required for developing effective drugs before being used in human beings. In Japan today, at least 4,210,000 mice and other mammals are sacrificed to a total of 6,140,000 per year for the purpose of medical studies. All the animals treated in Japan, including test animals, are managed under control of "Act on Welfare and Management of Animals". Under the principle of this Act, no person shall kill, injure, or inflict cruelty on animals without due cause. "Animal" addressed in the Act can be defined as a "vertebrate animal". If we can make use of invertebrate animals in testing instead of vertebrate ones, that would be a remarkable solution for the issue of animal welfare. Furthermore, there are numerous advantages of using invertebrate animal models: less space and small equipment are enough for taking care of a large number of animals and thus are cost-effective, they can be easily handled, and many biological processes and genes are conserved between mammals and invertebrates. Today, many invertebrates have been used as animal models, but silkworms have many beneficial traits compared to mammals as well as other insects. In a Genome Pharmaceutical Institute's study, we were able to achieve a lot making use of silkworms as model animals. We would like to suggest that pharmaceutical companies and institutes consider the use of the silkworm as a model animal which is efficacious both for financial value by cost cutting and ethical aspects in animals' welfare.

  15. Method of estimation of selected hens welfare elements in an alternative maintenance system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Domagalski

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Broody hens welfare in an alternative maintenance system was the focus of the undertaken attempt. Both behavioural and health aspects, as well as numerous physiological indicators are taken into consideration while applying animal welfare estimation methods. The described evaluation complies with the EU recommendations for the applied spot method TG-200. It serves to evaluate the conformity of both buildings and technology of breeding with the requirements of regulations and those defined in the process of the carried out hens research. The following functional areas were focused on while assessing the welfare: terms of mobility, feed intake, herding behaviour, resting conditions, comfort of living, nesting conditions, herd health and care.

  16. Reciprocity, World Prices and Welfare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Woodland, Alan D.

    We examine in detail the circumstances under which reciprocity, as defined in Bagwell and Staiger (1999), leads to fixed world prices. We show that a change of tariffs satisfying reciprocity does not necessarily imply constant world prices in a world of many goods and countries. While...... it is possible to find tariff reforms that are consistent with both reciprocity and constant world prices, these reforms do not follow from the reciprocity condition, but rather from the requirement of unchanged world prices. We propose an alternative reciprocity rule that is guaranteed to raise the welfare...

  17. Welfare State Changes and Outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    . The conclusion of this article is that income inequality has been steadily increasing in Danish society; while in Portugal, despite improvements in many social domains (healthcare, poverty alleviation, unemployment protection), problems of inequality remain deeply embedded in the country’s social......It is well known that welfare states ensure a certain level of social protection affecting levels of well-being and the extent of inequalities in society. Changes within crucial domains of social policy, such as education, health, or social protection, have, therefore, a major effect upon...

  18. Welfare Gains from Financial Liberalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Robert M; Ueda, Kenichi

    2010-08-01

    Financial liberalization has been a controversial issue, as empirical evidence for growth enhancing effects is mixed. Here, we find sizable welfare gains from liberalization (cost to repression), though the gain in economic growth is ambiguous. We take the view that financial liberalization is a government policy that alters the path of financial deepening, while financial deepening is endogenously chosen by agents given a policy and occurs in transition towards a distant steady state. This history-dependent view necessitates the use of simulation analysis based on a growth model. Our application is a specific episode: Thailand from 1976 to 1996.

  19. Welfare Economics: A Story of Existence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Iqbal

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore that, despite severe challenges, welfare economics still exists. This descriptive study is conducted through some specific time line developments in this field. Economists are divided over the veracity and survival of the welfare economics. Welfare economics emphasizes on the optimum resource and goods allocation with the objective of better living standard, materialistic gains, social welfare and ethical decisions. It origins back to the political economics and utilitarianism. Adam Smith, Irving Fisher and Pareto contributed significantly towards it. During 1930 to 1940, American and British approaches were developed. Many economists tried to explore the relationship between level of income and happiness. Amartya Sen gave the comparative approach and Tinbergen pioneered the theory of equity. Contemporarily the futuristic restoration of welfare economics is on trial and hopes are alive. This study may be useful to understand the transitional and survival process of welfare economics.

  20. A Universal Animal Welfare Framework for Zoos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kagan, Ron; Carter, Scott; Allard, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    The Detroit Zoological Society's (DZS) Center for Zoo Animal Welfare (CZAW) was created to advance the science and policy of the welfare of exotic nonhuman animals in captivity. This important part of the DZS mission is achieved through assessments of, and research on, the welfare of animals in zoos; by recognizing extraordinary achievement in the advancement of animal welfare; by widely sharing knowledge through a bibliographic resource center; by conducting professional training for animal care staff; and by convening important discussions in the form of international symposia. This special issue of the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science features selected papers from the most recent international CZAW symposium held at the Detroit Zoo in November 2014, as well as a universal framework for zoo animal welfare developed by the DZS.

  1. European Integration between Equity, Efficiency and Welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Marchis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Throughout this article I tried to highlight the path for improving the Europeans standards ofliving. Poverty, inequality and efficiency are the key concepts of the welfare economic. Similar to many otherarticles about equity, efficiency and welfare, this article offers an account of the challenges facing theEuropean Union welfare in a context of global economy assessing the ability of different components of thewelfare governance to respond to these challenges. The welfare of European Union is analyzed under themultidimensional aspects of integration, such as: internal versus external integration and multilevelintegration. Aging, changes in the labor market, increased mobility are particular aspects that characterize EUand under the fundamental reform of Europe 2020 Strategy, welfare economic becomes a priority even if thepolitical integration comes first to the economic one. As Europe grows more diverse, the welfare economictranslates from desire to necessity.

  2. Measuring zoo animal welfare: theory and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Sonya P; Broom, Donald M

    2009-11-01

    The assessment of animal welfare relates to investigations of how animals try to cope with their environment, and how easy or how difficult it is for them to do so. The use of rigorous scientific methods to assess this has grown over the past few decades, and so our understanding of the needs of animals has improved during this time. Much of the work in the field of animal welfare has been conducted on farm animals, but it is important to consider how the methods and approaches used in assessing farm animal welfare have been, and can be, adapted and applied to the measurement of welfare in animals in other domains, such as in zoos. This is beneficial to our understanding of both the theoretical knowledge, and the practicability of methods. In this article, some of the commonly-used methods for measuring animal welfare will be discussed, as well as some practical considerations in assessing the welfare of zoo animals.

  3. Bonding Technology and Equipment Of Capacitive Touch Screen Based On Glass%玻璃结构电容式触摸屏邦定工艺及设备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马增刚

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: In recent years capacitive touch screens based on glass are widely used in various fields, Bonding technology is the key technology in manufacturing process of capacitive touch screen based on glass. The article introduced in detail bonding technology of capacitive touch screen based on glass, made a comparative analysis of several types of common bonding equipment.%摘要:近年来玻璃结构电容式触摸屏广泛应用于各个领域.邦定工艺是玻璃结构电容式触摸屏生产制造过程中的关键工艺。介绍了玻璃结构电容式触摸屏的邦定工艺流程.并对常用的几类邦定设备进行了分析、比较。

  4. The practical application analysis on building mechanical and electrical engineering equipment installation technology%建筑机电工程设备安装技术实际应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2016-01-01

    Discussed the characteristics of building mechanical and electrical engineering equipment installation technology,from the technical personnel,drawing design,infrastructure and other aspects,analyzed the existing problems in building mechanical and electrical engineering e-quipment installation,and put forward specific solutions,to effectively improve the installation quality of mechanical and electrical engineering.%论述了建筑机电工程设备安装技术的特点,从技术人员、图纸设计、基础设施等方面,分析了建筑机电工程设备安装中存在的问题,并提出了具体的解决措施,以有效提高机电工程的安装质量。

  5. Analysis of Green Technology for Automatic PET Bottle Stretch Blow Molding Equipment%全自动PET瓶拉吹成型设备绿色化技术浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈思红; 张友根

    2012-01-01

    The green technology of automatic PET bottle stretch blow molding equipment mainly reflects in improving energy efficiency, reducing molding processing costs, reducing environmental pollution, improving the cleanliness, and multi-functional, specialization and intelligent control et al. The high-speed is a sign of green technical level of automatic PET bottle stretch blow molding equipment.%全自动PET瓶拉吹成型设备绿色化技术主要体现在提高能源利用效率、降低成型加工成本、减少对环境的污染、提高清洁度、多功能化、专用化、控制智能 化等方面.高速化是全自动PET瓶拉吹成型设备绿色化技术水平的标志.

  6. Drivers for animal welfare policies in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalla Villa, P; Matthews, L R; Alessandrini, B; Messori, S; Migliorati, G

    2014-04-01

    The European region has been, and remains, a global leader in the development of animal welfare policies. The region has a great diversity of cultures and religions, different levels of socio-economic development, and varied legislation, policies and practices. Nevertheless, there are common drivers for animal welfare policy based on a history of animal welfare ethics and obligations to animal users and society in general. A unifying goal of countries in the region is to achieve sustainable compliance with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) standards on animal health and welfare. Ethics isthe overarching driver, supported by the actions of governmental, inter-governmental and non-governmental activities, markets and trade, science and knowledge. Historically, organisations involved in promoting animal welfare have tended to act in isolation. For example, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have run campaigns to influence retailers and the welfare policies of their farmer suppliers. Increasingly, different organisations with common or complementary goals are working together. For example, competent authorities, inter-governmental bodies and NGOs have combined their efforts to address dog population control across several countries in the region. Also, animal welfare is becoming integrated into the corporate social responsibility targets of private companies. Science and knowledge, as drivers and tools, are assisting with the harmonisation of welfare standards, e.g. by providing a common basis for measuring welfare impacts through animal-based measures and widespread sharing of this information. Current trends suggest that there will be greater collaboration among the organisations driving change, and increasing convergence of animal welfare strategies and welfare assessment tools. The result will be increased harmonisation of animal welfare standards throughout the region.

  7. Rawlsian justice and welfare-state capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Yuen, Ho-yin; 袁浩然

    2014-01-01

    Rawls emphasizes in his later writings that his theory of justice as fairness is not a defense of welfare-state capitalism. He argues that welfare-state capitalism cannot be an acceptable regime for justice as fairness because its ideal institutional description fails to satisfy the two principles of justice in various ways. Against Rawls, I argue in this thesis that his rejection of welfare-state capitalism is not justified. I begin by clarifying an ambiguity regarding what arrangements...

  8. Trust, Welfare States and Income Equality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergh, Andreas; Bjørnskov, Christian

    2014-01-01

    . Using a structural equation model estimated on a large country sample, we find that trust has a positive effect on both market and net income equality. Larger welfare states lead to higher net equality but neither net income equality nor welfare state size seems to have a causal effect on trust. We...... conclude that while trust facilitates welfare state policies that may reduce net inequality, this decrease in inequality does not increase trust....

  9. What Characterise the Nordic Welfare State Model

    OpenAIRE

    Bent Greve

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the main distinctive characteristics of the Nordic welfare states. These include, for example, full employment, high degree of equality, a high level of taxes and a high level of public spending on welfare. The article further presents data, which enables the reader to a comparison with welfare states in Europe and to analyse whether we are witnessing convergence in Europe and/or the withering away of the Nordic Model. The conclusion being that the Nordic Model is here t...

  10. Promotion mode for some special agriculture technology and equipments based on multi-parts cooperation%基于多方协作的特色农机技术推广模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林江娇; 赖伟梁; 朱立学; 刘光华; 骆少明; 刘少达

    2016-01-01

    针对特色农机技术与装备的区域推广难题,分析了其面临的困难和有利条件,提出了一种以地方政府扶持,行业协会指导,农机推广部门配合,科研机构支持的多方协作农机技术推广模式,并以银杏分级脱壳成套技术装备、鱼塘增氧机和蜜桔分拣机在广东地区的推广模式为例,探讨了政产学研用相结合的小规模非通用型专业农机技术与装备的示范推广新路径。%To overcome the difficulties of market promotion of some special agriculture technology and equipments in a district, main situation and advantages were discussed. A promotion mode based on multi-parts coordination was proposed including the support from government, instructed by the industry associates, the help of agriculture mechanization organization, and the sustaining of scientific depart-ments. Some adaptable practices such as the market promotion of ginkgo crush machine, fishing equip-ment of increasing oxygen and a grading package machine in the Guangdong province were illustrated as assistant to analysis a new way, which had multi-societies of different industry, in order to promote some special agriculture technology and equipment in a small sale products.

  11. Experiment Research on Decarburization Technology of 80 t Single Snorkel Vacuum Refining Equipment%80t单嘴真空精炼装置脱碳工艺试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段建平; 张永亮; 杨学民; 成国光; 张鉴; 郭汉杰

    2011-01-01

    Single snorkel vacuum refining equipment is a new style refining equipment. One hundred twenty seven heats experiments on decarburization were carried out by 80 t single snorkel vacuum refining equipment. The results indicate that single snorkel vacuum refining equipment can obtain better decarburization effect. The minimum content of carbon is 10 × 10^-6. The experiment process of single snorkel vacuum refining equipment is introduced in this text, and analyzing different inflation factors for results of decarburization. The factors contain flow ration of ladle bottom blowing, thickness of slag in the ladle, free space height of ladle, treating time, temperature and component of steel liquid. The reasonable technology parameters were suggested.%单嘴真空精炼装置是一种新型的炉外精炼设备。采用80t单嘴真空精炼装置进行了127炉脱碳工业试验,试验结果表明,单嘴真空精炼装置可以获得较好的脱碳效果,试验最低碳质量分数为10×10^-6。主要介绍了单嘴精炼装置的试验情况,分析了钢包底吹气体流量、钢包内渣层厚度、钢包自由空间高度、脱碳时间、钢水温度及成分对脱碳效果的影响,并提出了合理的工艺参数。

  12. Welfare work addressing immigrants and refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øland, Trine

    these integrationist visions in their quest to protect immigrants’ and refugees’ fundamental wellbeing and status as human beings with equal rights, group life and history. These opposing elements generate ambiguity and contradiction within integrationist welfare work. The ambition of the presentation is to enquire......In this presentation I will discuss the ways in which welfare workers addressing immigrants and refugees (re)produce integrationist visions, symbolizing society as an integrated whole and immigrants/refugees as a distraction to that whole. Paradoxically, welfare workers also oppose......, nurses and more) addressing immigrants and refugees and their families and descendants in the Danish welfare nation-state....

  13. Study on Maintenance of Combat Readiness Medical Equipment Based on RFID Technology%基于RFID技术的战储卫生装备维护保养应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉明; 葛剑徽; 谢迅雷; 李成; 李传军; 许军

    2011-01-01

    目的:研究一种基于RFID技术的战储卫生装备维护保养管理系统,为卫生装备的仓储管理和卫勤保障提供决策依据.方法:通过RFID读写器实现了对电子标签的读写,即用利射频信号通过无线传输的方式,在读写器和电子标签之间进行数据交换和目标识别.结果:建立了基于RFID技术的战储卫生装备维护保养管理系统框架模型,提出了RFID应用中需要注意解决的一些问题.结论:RFID技术可以有效解决装备分散数据采集的瓶颈问题,将RFID技术应用于战储卫生装备维护管理中.可以提高管理效率,实现战储卫生装备信息的动态管理.%Objective To study the maintenance management system for combat readiness medical equipment based on RFID in order to make a valuable reference to the warehouse management of medical equipment and the decision-making of medical organization for the further medical support. Methods Reading and writing operation was done by using the electronic tag through RFID reader which exchanged data and distinguished object between the reader and the electronic tag by using radio frequency signals via wireless transmission means. Results The model of maintenance management system based on RFID was established for the medical equipment of combat readiness. Some problems to be settled in the future were put forward based on the- discussion. Conclusion RFID technology can resolve the bottleneck problem in acquiring scattered data for the equipments. By using RFID technology in medical equipment, managing efficiency can be improved and dynamic information management of medical equipment of combat readiness can be realized.

  14. Highlighting ethical decisions underlying the scoring of animal welfare in the Welfare Quality® scheme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veissier, I.; Jensen, Karsten Klint; Botreau, R.;

    2011-01-01

    dimension of scoring and labelling does not mean that we should reject them, but it does mean that we need to make the normative and ethical background explicit. The Welfare Quality® scoring system is used as a case study in order to highlight the role of underlying value-based decisions. In this scoring......), and any welfare scoring system will reflect a focus upon one or other definition. In Welfare Quality® 12 welfare criteria were defined, and the entire list of criteria was intended to cover relevant definitions of animal welfare. Second, two dimensions can structure an overall evaluation of animal welfare...... state of the animals or give priority to worse-off animals. In the Welfare Quality® scoring system the worse-off animals are treated as much more important than the others, but all welfare problems, major or minor, count. Fourth, one has to decide whether good scores on certain criteria can compensate...

  15. Popular Support for Welfare State Reforms: On Welfare State Preferences and Welfare State Reforms in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Raven (Judith)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe aim of this research is to better understand what is meant by general support for the welfare state. At the start of this study, I observed an alleged discrepancy between people’s preferences and welfare state policies. Whereas on the one hand various studies demonstrate that public

  16. 紫外成像检测技术在高压电力设备带电检测中的应用%Application of Ultraviolet Imaging Detection Technology in Electrification Detection for High Voltage Power Equipments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱金菊; 王锐; 黄振; 彭向阳; 林茂

    2016-01-01

    Combining vast data information obtained from ultraviolet imaging detection in present years,this paper discusses characteris-tics of ultraviolet imaging detection technology in fault diagnosis for power system.Proceeding from basic principles of ultraviolet ima-ging detection technology,it analyzes main factors affecting ultraviolet imaging detection results and states operational approach of using ultraviolet imaging detection technology to detect corona discharge defect of high voltage power equipment.It also analyzes main rea-sons for causing corona discharge by combining actual cases of ultraviolet imaging detection for power transmission and transformation equipments and proposes corresponding overhaul suggestions.Actual application cases indicate that this method is able to effectively complete electrification detection for high voltage power equipments.%结合近年来获得的大量紫外成像检测诊断的数据资料,探讨了紫外成像检测技术在电力系统故障诊断应用中的特点。基于此,从紫外成像检测技术的基本原理出发,分析影响紫外成像检测结果的主要因素,并阐述了利用紫外成像检测技术检测高压电力设备电晕放电缺陷的操作方法;结合输变电电力设备紫外成像检测的实际案例,分析了引起设备电晕放电的主要原因,并给出相应的检修建议。实际应用案例表明该方法可有效地对高压电力设备进行带电检测。

  17. Three worlds of educational welfare states? A comparative study of higher education systems across welfare states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Willemse; P. de Beer

    2012-01-01

    Although education is generally considered to be an important part of the welfare state, it is largely absent in the comparative welfare state literature. This article tries to fill this void by applying the central concepts of welfare state analysis of decommodification and stratification, as propo

  18. Societal Factors Impacting Child Welfare: Validating the Perceptions of Child Welfare Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auerbach, Charles; Zeitlin, Wendy; Augsberger, Astraea; McGowan, Brenda G.; Claiborne, Nancy; Lawrence, Catherine K.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: This research examines the psychometric properties of the Perceptions of Child Welfare Scale (PCWS). This instrument is designed to assess child welfare workers' understanding of how society views their role and their work. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was utilized to analyze data on 538 child welfare workers. Results:…

  19. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare Quality (R) project)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scott, K.; Binnendijk, G.P.; Edwards, S.A.; Gu, J.H.; Wijhe-Kiezebrink, van M.C.; Vermeer, H.M.

    2009-01-01

    The Welfare Quality(R) project aims to develop a European on-form welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The

  20. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare Quality (R) project)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scott, K.; Binnendijk, G.P.; Edwards, S.A.; Gu, J.H.; Wijhe-Kiezebrink, van M.C.; Vermeer, H.M.

    2009-01-01

    The Welfare Quality(R) project aims to develop a European on-form welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The prototy

  1. The relationship between mental representations of welfare recipients and attitudes toward welfare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brown-Iannuzzi, J.L.; Dotsch, R.; Cooley, E.; Payne, B.K.

    2017-01-01

    Scholars have argued that opposition to welfare is, in part, driven by stereotypes of African Americans. This argument assumes that when individuals think about welfare, they spontaneously think about Black recipients. We investigated people's mental representations of welfare recipients. In Studies

  2. The Relationship Between Mental Representations of Welfare Recipients and Attitudes Toward Welfare

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L; Dotsch, Ron; Cooley, Erin; Payne, B Keith

    2016-01-01

    Scholars have argued that opposition to welfare is, in part, driven by stereotypes of African Americans. This argument assumes that when individuals think about welfare, they spontaneously think about Black recipients. We investigated people's mental representations of welfare recipients. In Studies

  3. A history of animal welfare science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broom, Donald M

    2011-06-01

    Human attitudes to animals have changed as non-humans have become more widely incorporated in the category of moral agents who deserve some respect. Parallels between the functioning of humans and non-humans have been made for thousands of years but the idea that the animals that we keep can suffer has spread recently. An improved understanding of motivation, cognition and the complexity of social behaviour in animals has led in the last 30 years to the rapid development of animal welfare science. Early attempts to define welfare referred to individuals being in harmony with nature but the first usable definition incorporated feelings and health as part of attempts to cope with the environment. Others considered that welfare is only about feelings but it is argued that as feelings are mechanisms that have evolved they are a part of welfare rather than all of it. Most reviews of welfare now start with listing the needs of the animal, including needs to show certain behaviours. This approach has used sophisticated studies of what is important to animals and has replaced the earlier general guidelines described as freedoms. Many measures of welfare are now used and indicate how good or how poor the welfare is. Naturalness is not a part of the definition of welfare but explains why some needs exist. In recent years, welfare has become established as one of various criteria used to decide on whether a system is sustainable because members of the public will not accept systems that cause poor welfare. The study of welfare has become part of the scientific basis upon which important political decisions are made.

  4. Research on on line monitoring and condition based maintenance technology of power primary equipment%电力一次设备的在线监测及其状态检修技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金兴武

    2016-01-01

    In this paper,the on-line monitoring and condition based maintenance technology of power primary equipment are studied,hoping that this research can promote the development of China's electric power industry to a certain extent.%本文就电力一次设备的在线监测及其状态检修技术进行了具体研究,希望这一研究能够在一定程度上推动我国电力事业的相关发展.

  5. Assessment of welfare of Brazilian and Belgian broiler flocks using the Welfare Quality protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuyttens, F A M; Federici, J F; Vanderhasselt, R F; Goethals, K; Duchateau, L; Sans, E C O; Molento, C F M

    2015-08-01

    The Welfare Quality consortium has proposed a science-based protocol for assessing broiler chicken welfare on farms. Innovative features make the protocols particularly suited for comparative studies, such as the focus on animal-based welfare measures and an integration procedure for calculating an overall welfare status. These protocols reflect the scientific status up to 2009 but are meant to be updated on the basis of inter alia implementation studies. Because only few such studies have been done, we applied the Welfare Quality protocol to compare the welfare of broiler flocks in Belgium (representing a typical European Union (EU) country which implies stringent animal welfare legislation) versus Brazil (the major broiler meat exporter to the EU and with minimal animal welfare legislation). Two trained observers performed broiler Welfare Quality assessments on a total of 22 farms in Belgium and south Brazil. All of the farms produced for the EU market. Although the overall welfare was categorized as 'acceptable' on all farms, many country differences were observed at the level of the welfare principles, criteria, and measures. Brazilian farms obtained higher scores for 3 of the 4 welfare principles: 'good feeding' (P = 0.007), 'good housing' (P potential of the protocol. The results also call for more research into the effect of animal welfare legislation as broiler welfare on the south Brazilian farms appeared to be superior to that on the Belgian farms. Animal-based welfare assessments on a larger sample of farms are needed to evaluate to what extent these findings may be generalized.

  6. The application of Audio technology in household equipment%音响技术在家用设备中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林宇衡

    2013-01-01

    The article analyzes the use of audio technology in broadcasting,as timbre processing a major example ,to illustrate the use and development of audio technology. Bass replay technology and the standing wave suppression technology are used in HDTV, the Sound effects of HDTV have been significantly improved. Finally,this article used the audio technology In TV applications,listed Surround sound technology,SPS-3D,Surround biomimetic approach,Dolby Pro Logic surround sound manner,Fully digital Dolby Surround AC-3 technology in TV applications.%  文章分析了音响技术在广播中的运用,以音色处理为主要例子来说明了音响技术的运用和发展。在HDTV中运用了低音重放技术和驻波抑制技术,对HDTV的音响效果有了显著提高。最后以音响技术在电视中的应用为例,列举了环绕声技术、SPS一3D环绕声仿生方式、杜比定向逻辑环绕声方式、全数字杜比环绕声AC-3等技术在电视中的运用。

  7. Equipment. Out of order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, C

    2000-08-17

    The NHS has underinvested in equipment for more than 20 years. Most hospitals have inadequate equipment inventories. More than half the anaesthetic machines in use are more than five years old and should be replaced. Almost a fifth of the equipment used in cancer treatment is obsolete. Current accounting systems act as a disincentive to replacing old equipment.

  8. Social Welfare Activism in Jordan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Marie Juul

    , this interest tends to focus on secular organisations and institutions, overlooking religious ones, although these make up a large part of Jordanian civil society. Particularly interesting are the country's many Muslim social welfare organisations, engaged in activities such as education, health care...... and financial assistance to the poor. This brief asks whether these organisations can be considered potential agents of democratic change or rather as preservers of the status quo. Moreover, do they employ Islam as a means of control or empowerment? Attempting to answer these questions, the brief discusses...... the organisations' positions on a number of concepts often associated with "democratisation", namely women's rights, participation and pluralism, paying particular attention to the role of Islam....

  9. We Develop Welfare Together - Locally

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flindt, Helle; Carlsbæk, Poul Hornshøj

    2016-01-01

    to take care of themselves and each other. This should result in citizens becoming co-producers in an organised community, which goes beyond the individual. The students practise taking initiative to co-creation between civic groups, professionals, private corporations and volunteer organisations....... The students must form a collaboration with a local community and test a limited, concrete welfare benefit initiative for this particular community. The students experience to act in the professional world where it is important to cede control and at the same time ensure the quality. Their point of departure...... is in the challenges in the local society - not the participants that will be a part of the solution. Feedback from the communities is an essential part of the foundation for the examination. Here the group shall reflect upon the interprofessional and intersectorial collaboration including whether co...

  10. Welfare Reform and Children's Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltagi, Badi H; Yen, Yin-Fang

    2016-03-01

    This study investigates the effect of the Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF) program on children's health outcomes using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation over the period 1994 to 2005. The TANF policies have been credited with increased employment for single mothers and a dramatic drop in welfare caseload. Our results show that these policies also had a significant effect on various measures of children's medical utilization among low-income families. These health measures include a rating of the child's health status reported by the parents, the number of times that parents consulted a doctor, and the number of nights that the child stayed in a hospital. We compare the overall changes of health status and medical utilization for children with working and nonworking mothers. We find that the child's health status as reported by the parents is affected by the maternal employment status. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  11. Effects of Welfare Participation on Marriage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teitler, Julien O.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Garfinkel, Irwin

    2009-01-01

    We investigated the widely held premise that welfare participation causes women to refrain from marriage. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,219), we employed an event history approach to study transitions to marriage among mothers who have had a nonmarital birth. We found that welfare participation reduces the…

  12. Rights, solidarity and the animal welfare state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harfeld, Jes

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that aspects of the animal rights view can be constructively modulated through a communitarian approach and come to promote animal welfare through the social contexts of expanded caring communities. The Nordic welfare state is presented as a conceivable caring community within...... which animals could be viewed and treated appropriately as co-citizens with solidarity based rights and duties....

  13. Social Service Organizations and Welfare Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Barbara; Widom, Rebecca

    The Project on Devolution and Urban Change conducted a study to learn how new welfare policies and funding mechanisms, especially devolution and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grants, affect human service agencies in neighborhoods with high concentrations of welfare recipients and people living in poverty. Key personnel at 106…

  14. Does the Minimum Wage Affect Welfare Caseloads?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Marianne E.; Spetz, Joanne; Millar, Jane

    2005-01-01

    Although minimum wages are advocated as a policy that will help the poor, few studies have examined their effect on poor families. This paper uses variation in minimum wages across states and over time to estimate the impact of minimum wage legislation on welfare caseloads. We find that the elasticity of the welfare caseload with respect to the…

  15. Welfare States and Labour Market Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Bent

    2017-01-01

    between being on the labour market, access to a variety of welfare benefits and the ability to finance welfare states. It uses concepts such as under-employment and new forms of jobs as indicators of change. These changes implying, more than ever, that having a job does not necessarily entail...

  16. Flexible Employment, Risk and the Welfare State

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.P.S. Dekker (Fabian)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ In most developed countries, the welfare state provides some form of protection for its citizens. The provision of social arrangements differs substantially between countries but, on the basis of institutional characteristics such as the level of spending on welfare pro

  17. The Role of the Welfare Advocate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jermany, Catherine Day

    The paper, part of the paralegal training materials prepared by the National Paralegal Institution, discusses the role of the welfare advocate, a type of legal assistant: the right and responsibility to refuse a case; competency to provide adequate representation; informal advocacy vs. formal advocacy in welfare; arranging the negotiation setting…

  18. The Climate of Child Welfare Employee Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahalane, Helen; Sites, Edward W.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes differences in perceptions of the child welfare work environment among Title IV-E educated individuals who remain within public child welfare and those who sought employment elsewhere after fulfilling a legal work commitment. Job satisfaction, emotional exhaustion, and personal accomplishment were predictive of staying…

  19. Towards a Dynamic (Schumpeterian) Welfare Economics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.A. Dolfsma (Wilfred)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractFor an economy where knowledge plays an increasingly important role in shaping its dynamics, economics needs a dynamic (Schumpeterian) welfare theory. This paper sketches the role of knowledge in an economy and argues that a static Paretian welfare economics is inadequate, or at least

  20. Animal Welfare in organic framing systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spoolder, H.A.M.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of farm animal welfare can, for practical purposes, be translated into the so-called Five Freedoms.[1] Organic farming aims to meet animal welfare needs and should therefore comply with these Freedoms. The first Freedom, from hunger and thirst, is met in any system properly managed to or

  1. Animal Welfare: What's coming down the pipe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Concern for farm animal welfare is not a new concept. However, increased public pressure and an increasingly entangled global economy are effecting change across the world. The conversation about farm animal welfare is difficult because the world’s population has become disconnected from agricultur...

  2. Reconsidering Schools and the American Welfare State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Miriam

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses her comparative study of the history of the welfare state in the United States, England, and France, she studies some of the usual features of the welfare state, which include important entitlement programs, such as social insurance, and protective labor legislation, but she also focuses on the development of…

  3. Rights, solidarity and the animal welfare state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harfeld, Jes

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that aspects of the animal rights view can be constructively modulated through a communitarian approach and come to promote animal welfare through the social contexts of expanded caring communities. The Nordic welfare state is presented as a conceivable caring community within...... which animals could be viewed and treated appropriately as co-citizens with solidarity based rights and duties....

  4. The globalisation of farm animal welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, D

    2014-04-01

    Animal welfare has achieved significant global prominence for perhaps three reasons. First, several centuries of scientific research, especially in anatomy, evolutionary biology and animal behaviour, have led to a gradual narrowing of the gap that people perceive between humans and other species; this altered perception has prompted grass-roots attention to animals and their welfare, initially in Western countries but now more globally asthe influence of science has expanded. Second, scientific research on animal welfare has provided insights and methods for improving the handling, housing and management of animals; this 'animal welfare science' is increasingly seen as relevant to improving animal husbandry worldwide. Third, the development and use of explicit animal welfare standards has helped to integrate animal welfare as a component of national and international public policy, commerce and trade. To date, social debate about animal welfare has been dominated bythe industrialised nations. However, as the issue becomes increasingly global, it will be important for the non-industrialised countries to develop locally appropriate approaches to improving animal welfare, for example, by facilitating the provision of shelter, food, water and health care, and by improving basic handling, transportation and slaughter.

  5. Bioethical Problems: Animal Welfare, Animal Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    March, B. E.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses various bioethical issues and problems related to animal welfare and animal rights. Areas examined include: Aristotelian views; animal welfare legislation; Darwin and evolutionary theory; animal and human behavior; and vegetarianism. A 14-point universal declaration of the rights of animals is included. (JN)

  6. Flexible Employment, Risk and the Welfare State

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.P.S. Dekker (Fabian)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ In most developed countries, the welfare state provides some form of protection for its citizens. The provision of social arrangements differs substantially between countries but, on the basis of institutional characteristics such as the level of spending on welfare pro

  7. Indian Child Welfare Act Proceedings. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-14

    This final rule adds a new subpart to the Department of the Interior's (Department) regulations implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), to improve ICWA implementation. The final rule addresses requirements for State courts in ensuring implementation of ICWA in Indian child-welfare proceedings and requirements for States to maintain records under ICWA.

  8. The institutional logic of welfare attitudes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian Albrekt

    by combining the literature on deservingness criteria and the welfare regime theory. The basic ideas is that three regime characteristics 1) the degree of universalism in welfare policy, 2) the differences in economic resources between ‘the bottom’ and ‘the majority’, and 3) the degree of job opportunities...

  9. The institutional logic of welfare attitudes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian Albrekt

    2008-01-01

    by combining the literature on deservingness criteria and the welfare regime theory. The basic ideas is that three regime characteristics 1) the degree of universalism in welfare policy, 2) the differences in economic resources between ‘the bottom’ and ‘the majority’, and 3) the degree of job opportunities...

  10. RFID技术在高校实验设备资产管理中的应用%Application of RFID technology in experimental equipment assets management in colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王声革; 郭建宏

    2013-01-01

    利用RFID自动识别技术,通过互联网实现实验设备固定资产的信息化管理.该应用技术可改变高校实验设备固定资产的手工管理方式,有效解决资产清查效率低、资产清查难度大、难以监控等问题,显著提高高校资产管理的效率和水平,保证教学科研工作正常运行.%The laboratory equipment assets exist daily management benefit low, asset inventory difficult, difficult to control, and other problems. Using RFID automatic identification technology, through the Internet it can realize the informationization management of experimental equipment of fixed assets, may change the university experimental equipment fixed assets manual management way, can effectively solve the asset inventory problems related to low efficiency, can improve the efficiency of college asset management and level, and can ensure the normal operation of the teaching and scientific research.

  11. Study and application of harmonic mitigation technology of electrical and mechanical equipment%机电加工设备谐波抑制方法的研究和应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋德明

    2009-01-01

    随着电力电子技术的迅速发展,大量新型电力电子设备在机电加工行业获得了广泛应用,给电网带来了严重的谐波污染,引起一系列用电质量问题,严重地危害了电网的安全可靠运行.为解决电力电子装置应用中带来的谐波污染问题,介绍了利用数字有源电力滤波器装置来治理谐波污染的方法,很好地解决了电力电子设备对机电设备的谐波污染问题.%With the development of the technology of power electronics, plenty of power electronic equipments have been widely used in the field of the electrical and mechanical manufacture today. It has brought a series of power quality problem and heavy harmonic pollution to power systems, and has lessened the security running of power systems. For the purpose of solving the harmonic pollution by the application of power electronic devices, this paper introduces a method of using digital active power filter, therefore the harmonic pollution problem of power electronic equipment to the electrical and mechanical equipment is well solved.

  12. Technology Research of Railway Lines and Signal Equipment Three-dimensional Modeling Based on Creator%基于Creator的铁路线路及信号设备三维建模技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳; 王志伟

    2012-01-01

    采用虚拟现实仿真技术,针对实现列控设备功能验证和仿真的需求,提出了一套完整的列车运行铁路线路及信号设备的三维建模方法,并利用Creator软件具体实现,同时介绍了Creator软件的Road工具、OpenFlight格式、纹理和特殊节点Switch的使用,以及LOD的设置等.该建模方法能正确验证列控设备的功能特性,为铁路安全行车提供保障.%For train-control equipment simulation and function verification, a set of railway lines and signal equipment three-dimensional modeling method was elaborated with virtual-reality simulation technology, and the method was realized with the software of Creator. Road module, OpenFlight format, texture and special node of Switch, and setting of LOD of Creator were introduced. The modeling method can verify function and characteristic of train-control equipment, which ensures safety of railway travel.

  13. Consumer preferences for pig welfare - can the market accommodate more than one level of welfare pork?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denver, Sigrid; Sandøe, Peter; Christensen, Tove

    2017-01-01

    level of animal welfare became available. The study was based on an online questionnaire with a choice experiment involving 396 Danish respondents. The results indicated that the Danish market could accommodate more than one pork product with a welfare label but the price differential separating medium...... and high level animal welfare pork will have to be quite narrow. In addition, full willingness-to-pay of consumers who want to buy high level welfare pork cannot be relied upon to incentivise new consumers to buy medium welfare pork. Further, raising brand awareness in the shopping situation and improving...

  14. Application of new control technology during the maintenance of equipment in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant; Aplicacion de nueva tecnologia de control durante el mantenimiento de equipos en la CLV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ojeda R, M. A. [CFE, Central Laguna Verde, Subgerencia General de Operacion, Veracruz (Mexico)]. e-mail: mario.ojeda@cfe.gob.mx

    2008-07-01

    In the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, in normal operation and recharges are carried out activities of preventive maintenance and corrective to different equipment, due to the one displacement of radioactive materials from the vessel of the reactor until the one system of vapor, different radiation levels are generated (from low until very high) in the circuits of vapor and water, the particles can be incrusted on those interior surfaces of the pipes and equipment, creating this way a potential risk of contamination and exhibition during the maintenance of equipment. To help to optimize the dose to the personnel the use of new technology the has been implemented which besides contributing an absolute control of the work, it offers bigger comfort to the one worker during the development of their work, also contributing a supervision more effective of the same one. Using the captured and processed information of the work developed you can use for the personnel's capacitation and feedback of the work for the continuous improvement of the same one. During a reduction of programmed power and normal operation are carried out maintenance correctives and specific works to preserve the readiness and ability of the equipment and with this to maintain the security of the nuclear power plant. The development of the theme it is showing the advances and commitments of personnel to take to excellence to the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde showing to the obtained results of the dose and benefits of 2 works carried out in the nuclear power plant where tools ALARA were applied as well as the use of the new technology (Video Equipment of Tele dosimetry and Audio 'VETA') in works carried out in the building of purification level 10.15, change and cuts of filter of the prefilters of system G16, as well as,the retirement and transfer for its decay of High Integrity Container (HIC) of the building of purification level -0.55 to the Temporary Warehouse in Site

  15. Animal welfare education: development and prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broom, Donald M

    2005-01-01

    Animal welfare has developed rapidly as a scientific discipline since the 1980s. Concepts have been refined, methodologies for assessment developed, and links made to other areas of science. Changes in the subject and in its teaching are required. Since 1986, a series of senior academic teaching posts in the subject have been created, especially in the last 10 years. Veterinary and animal science students should receive a specific course on animal welfare, in addition to mention of the subject in other courses. In the future, more allusion to developments in understanding of welfare in relation to disease and brain measures of welfare is likely. The central role of animal welfare in veterinary and animal science teaching will become more firmly established.

  16. Social Media Use in Child Welfare Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd Edward Sage

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The scholarly child welfare literature offers little information about the use of social media by child welfare workers. We conducted a study of 171 child welfare workers across several states using an online survey. The resulting data offer insights from workers about current practices related to social media use in a child welfare work setting. Most respondents see social media as an acceptable tool for conducting child welfare assessments. Respondents describe strains and benefits of social media use. It is recommended that agencies provide guidance on ethical decision-making for using social media as a work-related tool. Agencies should also provide policy clearly defining social media use and misuse.

  17. 中石油装备制造业务技术创新发展与展望%Advance and Prospect of Technology Innovation of CNPC’s Equipment Manufacturing Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晗亮; 罗超; 刘兆黎; 秦莲香

    2016-01-01

    石油装备制造是石油行业的重要支撑性产业,先进的技术装备是勘探开发和炼油化工水平提升的前提和保证。面临长期低油价,中石油装备制造业务发展何去何从,是亟待思考的问题。介绍了中石油装备制造业务技术创新成果和存在的不足,通过分析指出:中石油装备制造业务应以满足油气主业发展需要为出发点,以提高自主创新能力为核心,以市场为导向,加强绿色、深层、海洋、非常规等高端替代进口装备研发和现有优势传统主导产品技术升级,加快产品结构调整,加快向服务延伸,打造技术竞争优势。%The petroleum equipment manufacturing is an important supportive industry for the petroleum in⁃dustry. Advanced equipment is the premise and the guarantee of promoting the exploitation and refining level. The development of CNPC equipment manufacturing business has been an urgent issue under the long term low oil price environment. The CNPC equipment manufacturing technology innovation products and the shortcomings have been introduced. Analyses show that, the CNPC equipment manufacturing business should set satisfying the main petro⁃leum business development as target, improving independent innovation as the core, taking the market as the trend guide, so that to enhance research and development of high⁃end equipment for green, deep formation, offshore and unconventional oil and gas reservoir development, improve upgrade of the main conventional products, promote ad⁃justment of products structure and stretching into service, thus establish the technical competitive advantage.

  18. 化工设备使用与保养技术分析%Analysis on the Technology of Chemical Equipment Use and Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董鑫

    2015-01-01

    化工行业是我国工业发展的重要组成部分,是我国重要的产业类型。化工设备安全平稳运行是保证企业完成生产任务的重要因素,也是保证企业安全生产和利益最大化的基础。本文对化工设备产生故障的原因、故障出现的规律及保养维护措施等进行了探讨分析。%Chemical industry is an important component of our country industry development,it is an important type of industry in our country. Safe and stable operation of chemical equipment is an important factor guaranteeing the completion of the production task for enterprises,and also the foundation to guarantee the safe production and the maximization of profit for enterprises.. In this paper,the cause of the failure of chemical equipment,the law of the failure and maintenance measures are discussed and analyzed..

  19. Experimental Equipment and Basic Technological Methods of Obtaining Cavitation Protective Coatings on Working Surfaces of Steam Turbine Blades Made of Titanium Alloy VT6 in Order to Replace Imports of Similar Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilous, V.A.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The experimental equipment and basic technological methods of obtaining сavitation protective coatings on the working surfaces of blades of steam turbines from titanium alloy VT6 have been created. The selection and the basis of the composition and conditions of synthesis of optimal coating for hardening blades have been justified. The parameters of deposition process of coatings on the blade model have been worked, the experimental technological deposition process of hardening coatings has been created. The tests of titanium alloy VT6 samples with the preferred coatings in simulation conditions close to operational have been conducted. The coatings on the blade model of length up to 130 cm and weight up to 30 kg have been deposited. The velocity of the TiN coating depositing was 10 mkm/h.

  20. [Metrological software of laser medical equipment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romashkov, A P; Glazov, A I; Tikhomirov, S V

    2001-01-01

    The paper considers the laser medical equipment situation that has established in Russia and that is characterized by the wide medical application of laser technologies and appropriate software and by inadequate development and imperfection of required metrological software and maintenance of laser equipment.

  1. MAGNETIC FLUID BEARINGS OF MINING EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Gorlov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers a problem pertaining to selection friction pair materials for plain bearings of mining equipment which are lubricated with  nano-dispersed magnetic oil. Methodology for equipment tests, technology for obtaining new anti-friction materials (polymer, ceramic, amorphous and investigation results are presented in the paper.

  2. Highlighting ethical decisions underlying the scoring of animal welfare in the Welfare Quality® scheme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veissier, I.; Jensen, Karsten Klint; Botreau, R.

    2011-01-01

    of criteria to which the unit complies vs does not comply). Welfare Quality® opted for the second alternative to facilitate the provision of advice to farmers on solving the welfare problems associated with their farms. Third, one has to decide whether the overall welfare assessment should reflect the average...... for bad scores on others. In the opinion of most people, welfare scores do not compensate each other. This was taken into account in the Welfare Quality® scoring system by using a specific operator instead of mere weighted sums. Finally, a scoring system may either reflect societal demands for high levels......, but the rules governing the assignment of an animal unit to a category take into account what had been observed on European farms. The scientists behind Welfare Quality® are keen to make the value-based choices underlying assessments of animal welfare transparent. This is essential to allow stakeholder groups...

  3. Images of welfare in law and society: the British welfare state in comparative perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wincott, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Designed by Beveridge and built by Attlee's post-war Labour government, the welfare state was created during the 1940s. Britain has been seen – in domestic debates and internationally – as a world first: the place where both the idea and the practice of the welfare state were invented. I draw together comparative welfare state analysis with law and society scholarship (previously largely developed in isolation from one another) – as well as using British political cartoons as a source – to develop a revisionist historical critique of this conventional wisdom. First, the British welfare state has always been comparatively parsimonious. Second, the idea of the welfare state seems to have its origins outside the United Kingdom and this terminology was adopted relatively late and with some ambivalence in public debate and scholarly analysis. Third, a large body of socio-legal scholarship shows that robust ‘welfare rights’ were never embedded in the British ‘welfare state’.

  4. 高压输电线路设备红外诊断与检测技术分析%Analysis of high voltage transmission line equipment of infrared diagnosis and detection technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗昳昀

    2013-01-01

    近年来,电力项目工程规模不断扩大,高压输电线路设备也在不断完善,输电线路设备红外诊断在高压输电中的应用,极大地提升了高压输电线路维护工作的质量和效率。本文主要介绍高压输电线路设备红外诊断与检测原理,同时还分析了设备故障发热对高压输电线路的危害,然后介绍了几种高压输电线路红外诊断与检测技术,希望能帮助相关工作人员提升工作质量和效率。%In recent years,the electric power project of the expanding scale,high voltage transmission line equipment is being perfected,application of electric equipment of infrared diagnosis in high voltage power transmission line in high voltage transmission line,improve work great maintenance work quality and efficiency.This paper mainly introduces the high voltage transmission line equipment of infrareddiagnosis and detection principle,and also analyses the harm of equipment fault heating on high voltage transmission line,and then introducedthe infrared detection and diagnosis technology of high voltage transmission line, the hope can help staff to improve work quality and efficiency.

  5. Integration Technology of Thermal Vacuum Test and Thermal Balance Test for Electronic Equipment%电子学设备热真空/热平衡试验一体化技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维春

    2012-01-01

    Thermal vacuum test and thermal balance test of electronic equipment for space remote sensor are performed during development. In this paper an integration technology of thermal vacuum test and thermal balance test for electronic equipment is presented. The thermal balance test can be arranged reasonably and the development efficiency be inproved. The inherent relationship between the two thermal tests is analyzed deeply, and a test method is proposed that the two thermal tests are conducted at a time by using a set of thermal boundary simulation device,in order to research the realization of integration of the two thermal tests. Subsequently, the feasibility of realization of thermal balance test is analyzed, and the integration technology is validated by taking an electronic equipment as an example.%航天遥感相机电子学设备在研制过程中需要进行热真空试验与热平衡试验。电子学设备热真空试验与热平衡试验的一体化技术能够更为合理地组织热试验进程并进一步提高研制效率。为了研究两种热试验一体化技术的可实现性,文章分析了两种热试验的内在联系.提出了采用一套热边界模拟装置在一次试验中先后完成两种热试验的试验方法。在此基础上,文章以某项目电子学设备为仿真实例,重点分析了热平衡试验的可实现性,从而验证了一体化技术的正确性。

  6. 基于红外热成像技术的电气设备预知维护专家系统%Predictive Maintenance Expert System for ElectricalEquipments Based on Infrared Thermal Imaging Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓东; 李书臣

    2011-01-01

    介绍了一种以红外热成像技术为基础的电气设备预知维护专家系统的应用设计方案,对电气设备运行维护的现状、预知维护的概念和红外热成像技术进行了简要分析,详细说明了预知维护专家系统的构成、开发过程和实际应用作,重点阐述了如何利用红外热成像技术,建立状态分析专家系统,实现电气设备的预知维护.%The application scheme for electrical equipments predictive maintenance expert system based on infrared thermal imaging technology was introduced, including the concept of predictive maintenance and infrared thermal imaging technology, and the structure of predictive maintenance expert system, and its development and application; then a state analysis expert system was built to implement predictive maintenance of e-lectrical equipments.

  7. Technologies and equipments of the individual decontamination for medicinal rescue against bioterrorism attack%反生物恐怖袭击医学救援中人员洗消技术与装备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹勇平; 贾德胜

    2012-01-01

    This paper made a discussion an the realistic threats of bioterrorism attack in the world and China,the principles and the basic methods of mass decontamination of individuals during a bioterrorism attack incident,the re-search developments at home and abroad and the existing problems in our nation on technology and equipment of de-contamination against bioterrorism attack, in order to provide the references for further improving the preparedness of emergency rescue and carrying out the research on technology and equipment of individual decontamination against bioterrorism attack.%本文探讨了生物恐怖袭击在世界和我国威胁的现实性、反生物恐怖袭击大量人员洗消的原则和基本方法、反生物恐怖袭击洗消技术和装备的研究进展以及我国在反生物恐怖袭击洗消技术和装备存在的问题,为进一步做好反生物恐怖袭击应急救援准备工作和开展生防人员洗消技术装备研究提供参考.

  8. 家纺用化学纤维生产技术与装备的发展现状与趋势%Technology and Equipment Development of Chemical Fiber Used in Home Textiles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦长椿

    2015-01-01

    本文介绍了家纺用化学纤维几个品种的生产方法和技术特征,包括膨体连续长丝(BCF)、空气变形丝(ATY)以及采用一步法工艺生产的地毯用短纤维。目前国内铺敷织物用纤维生产基本靠进口设备,技术与装备的国产化已势在必行。而随着人们消费理念的变化,亦要考虑建筑环境标准和生态认证对家用纺织品市场的影响。%Process and technology characterics of various types of chemical fiber used in home textiles are introduced in this article, including bulking continuous filament (BCF) , air textured yarn (ATY) as well as the staple fibers used for carpet with one-step process. Currently, the production of domestic chemical fiber used in carpet and flooring still relies on imported equipment, and localization of relative technology and equipment is urgent. Furthermore, with the consumption concept is changing, it is essential to pay attention to the impact of building environment standards and eco-labels on the home textile market.

  9. Analysis of Research and Application of Solar Greenhouse Technology and Equipment at Home and Abroad%国内外日光温室技术装备的研究与应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方虹

    2014-01-01

    Solar greenhouse is the unique type of a greenhouse in north China;it is a major component of facilities agriculture industry in our country. This paper examines the present state of research on and application of sunlight greenhouse technology and equipment both at home and abroad, analyzes the problems existing in the development of solar greenhouse technology and equipment in China, and defines the development direction so as to promote the sustained and rapid development of solar greenhouse industry in China.%日光温室是我国北方地区独有的一种温室类型,是我国设施农业产业中的主体。阐述国内外日光温室技术装备研究与应用现状,借鉴国外发达国家经验,分析我国日光温室技术装备发展中存在的问题,并指出发展方向,为促进我国日光温室产业持续快速发展提供参考。

  10. A communication standard between Dimensional Measurement Equipments and its implementation technology%尺寸检测设备的通讯标准DMIS及其实现技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔长彩; 车仁生; 罗小川; 王东; 李兵

    2001-01-01

    讨论了机械工业自动化测试与控制领域的一个重要问题:尺寸检测设备的通讯标准及其实现技术。介绍了尺寸测量接口标准(DMIS)的产生背景、用途、语法结构及其功能的扩展完善。文章最后简要介绍了最近几年出现的DMIS对象技术(DOT)和虚拟DMIS(Virtual-DMIS)。这对我国未来尺寸测试设备的发展和系统集成具有重要意义。%This paper proposes an important problem about automated measurement and control in the field of industry metrology: the communication standard between automated dimensional measurement equipment and its implementation technology, introduces the background, purpose, grammar structure and its expanded functionality of the Dimensional Measurement Interface Standard(DMIS), and then presents the latest DMIS Object Technology(DOT) and Virtual-DMIS. It is quite significant for developing dimensional measurement equipment and integrating automated systems in the future.

  11. Determination of Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb in plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with collision-reaction interface technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Mirian C; Nóbrega, Joaquim A; Cadore, Solange

    2011-06-15

    A procedure based on the use of a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer equipped with a collision-reaction interface (CRI) for control of spectral overlap interferences was developed for simultaneous determination of Cd, Cr, Hg, and Pb in plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE). The injection of H(2) and He (80 and 60 mL min(-1), respectively) into the sampled plasma, colliding and reacting with potentially interfering polyatomic ions, allows interference-free determination of chromium via its isotopes (52)Cr and (53)Cr that are freed from overlap due to the occurrence of (40)Ar(12)C(+), (40)Ar(12)C(1)H(+), (36)S(16)O(+) or (1)H(36)S(16)O(+). Cadmium, Hg and Pb were directly determined via their isotopes (110)Cd, (111)Cd, (112)Cd, (199)Hg, (200)Hg, (201)Hg, (202)Hg, (206)Pb, (207)Pb, and (208)Pb, without using CRI. The CRI can be quickly activated or deactivated before each analyte measurement. Limits of detection for (52)Cr were 0.04 or 0.14 μg L(-1) with He or H(2) injected in CRI. Cadmium and Pb have LODs between 0.02 and 0.08 μg L(-1) and Hg had 0.93-0.98 μg L(-1), without using CRI. Analyte concentrations for samples varied from 16 to 43, 1 to 11, 4 to 12, and 5 to 13 mg kg(-1) for Cr, Cd, Hg and Pb, respectively.

  12. An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlstead, Kathy; Mench, Joy A; Meehan, Cheryl; Brown, Janine L

    2013-01-01

    Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare outcomes, epidemiological approaches are needed as well as multifactorial assessments of welfare. Many questions have been raised about the housing and care of elephants in zoos and whether their environmental and social needs are being met in a manner that promotes good welfare. This article describes the background and rationale for a large-scale study of elephant welfare in North American zoos funded by the (U.S.) Institute of Museum and Library Services. The goals of this project are to document the prevalence of positive and negative welfare states in 291 elephants exhibited in 72 Association of Zoos and Aquariums zoos and then determine the environmental, management, and husbandry factors that impact elephant welfare. This research is the largest scale nonhuman animal welfare project ever undertaken by the zoo community, and the scope of environmental variables and welfare outcomes measured is unprecedented.

  13. WELFARE REGIMES IN LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melisa Campana-Alabarce

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a characterization of Latin American and Caribbean Welfare regimes in historiographical perspective. Firstly, it makes a review of the emergence conditions of Welfare States in Western Europe and its core features, with particular emphasis on its role as a method to regulate inequalities in industrial capitalism. Dialoguing with it, then stops in the specific configurations that welfare regimes have taken in Latin America during the course of the twentieth century. Finally, it provides a map of its contemporary features and the major challenges that the States of the region face in his capacity as right guarantors for the future.

  14. Behavior analysis and farm animal welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, T M; Temple, W; Poling, A

    1997-01-01

    This article demonstrates that there is a role for behavior-analytic techniques in the area of farm animal welfare and provides examples of the kinds of work that can be done. Behavior-analytic procedures, specifically those used in the study of psychophysics, preference, and demand, can provide answers to three questions people concerned with the welfare of farm animals are likely to ask: What can the animals detect? What do they like and dislike? What will they work to attain or preserve? Such information certainly is necessary for making reasonable decisions about animal welfare, although it is not sufficient in and of itself.

  15. Explaining convergence of oecd welfare states

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmitt, C.; Starke, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Existing studies have found only limited empirical evidence of welfare state convergence. Moreover, although there are good theoretical reasons both for and against welfare state convergence, there are virtually no studies that have explicitly tested the assumed effects. We argue that the concept....... First, we show that there is very strong evidence of convergence across all categories of social expenditure when conditional factors are taken into account. Second, we demonstrate that the speed of convergence is highly driven by globalization and European Union membership and shaped by existing...... welfare state structures. © The Author(s) 2011....

  16. Inequality, Social Justice and Welfare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena S. Averkieva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Researching the redistribution processes in the framework of welfare economics is primarily carried out through the analysis of implementation opportunity of the social justice principle. Distributive justice involves the redistribution of income and resources in proportion to certain criteria. However, there is still no consensus on these criteria, which would clearly judge the fairness of the distribution.Individual needs, rights, desert or specific contributions of citizens in the development of society, the product outcomes, and many others can be served as the justice criteria. According to an egalitarian tradition, if not identified relevant distinguishing criteria, we can talk about the existence of the presumption of equality. Establishing equality means the advantages elimination of one individual over others. The paper attempts to analyze the egalitarian policies measures to implementation of equal opportunities, treatment and results, which ideally should neutralize all negative effects of a high degree of social inequality and achieve the desired goals of social policy. The paper also provides the argument concerning the realization possibility of the general equality idea. The author focuses on the existence of the exclusions in the equality policy - on the idea of «positive discrimination», which determines the appearance of conflicts between individual and public interests.

  17. Gentling and welfare of lambs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Muscio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In traditional sheep production systems, lambs are suckled by their mothers and then gradually weaned at 35 days of age. However, the increased size of intensive dairy sheep flocks to obtain greater amounts of ovine milk for cheese making, is promoting the diffusion of artificial rearing programs involving early separation of lambs from their mothers. Maternal deprivation soon after birth can have detrimental effects on lamb immune functions, and lead to altered cortisol secretion and behavioural responses to isolation (Napolitano et al., 1995. Human-animal interactions have been documented to play a role in sustaining the welfare and production of domestic animals (Hemsworth, 2003. In addition, gentled animals are less difficult to be handled and less susceptible to the stress induced by management practices involving human contacts (Lensink et al., 2000. The aim of the present trial was to investigate the effects of gently handling newborn lambs on their behavioural, immune and endocrine responses, and on their growth rate when mothered or artificially reared.

  18. Social Welfare Policy in an Information Age: New Vision or More of the Same?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John G. McNutt

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available As we move into the 21st Century, the social policy enterprise stands as the nexus between technological, political and social forces that will undermine the base that contemporary programs and policies depend upon. Assumptions about work and the workforce, the nature of governance and the role of technology will radically change. If our social welfare system is to remain relevant, changes will be needed. This paper explores these changing systems and examines how they will influence the current system. It will also speculate on the types of changes that will be necessary if social welfare is to remain relevant to the society of the future.

  19. Common NICU Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... newborn intensive care unit (NICU) > Common NICU equipment Common NICU equipment E-mail to a friend Please ... Baby Caring for your baby Feeding your baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications ...

  20. 生物质规模化处理与输料装备技术研究报告%Research Report on Large-scale Biomass Processing and Transmission Equipments and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄会永; 张雁茹; 马岩; 董世平

    2016-01-01

    utilizing woody agricultural and forestry biomass in large scale, the research focuses on many new technologies of biomass processing, including: manipulator feedstock-fetching control, manipulator free swerving, forcible feeding, efficient abrasion-resistant shredding, efficient stump-cutting-parabolic sending technology, intertwisting and blocking prevention technology and stable, sustainable and even feeding technology in multiple feedstock transmission. The project has developed new equipments for processing and transmitting feedstock in large scale and can meet the requirements of feedstock characteristics and industrial utilization. These equipments has been applied in biomass demonstration projects that can consume biomass up to 200,000 tons per year, and has promoted high efficiency utilization and sustainable development of agricultural resources.(1)research on high-efficiency mobile shredding equipments technology: during shredding woody biomass, workers always face some difficulties, such as bad working environment, low-efficiency, unsafe, strong intensity, the project has conquered these problems and developed high-efficiency shredding equipment for harvesting woody biomass,(2)research on energy plant combine harvester equipments technology: has conquered efficient stumping and harvesting technology, smooth feeding, chopping and parabolic sending technology, developed combine harvester; integrated efficient saw-disc cutting, forcible grabbing and transmitting, low power consumption shredding and self-driven operating chassis technologies, and has solved the difficulty of salix and KorshinskPeashrub harvest;(3)research on woody biomass feedstock transmission technology: has emphasized the technology of intertwisting and blocking prevention and even distribution and feeding.

  1. Militarism, human welfare, and the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summers, Craig

    1992-01-01

    A case study is presented of the American Psychological Association (APA), as a health care organization that promotes human welfare. APA includes policies on human welfare in its Ethical Principles of Psychologists and even lists the advancement of psychology "as a means of promoting human welfare" on its letterhead. Nevertheless, APA has other policies and activities based on military and weapons work that appear to conflict with its promotion of human welfare. Although military work in and of itself may not necessarily be problematic, work that contributes to people purposely being harmed or killed should be squared with the association's ethical guidelines. The results presented here show that this may not be the case: There currently appears to be little justification in the Ethical Principles for work intended to harm people. APA's active lobbying, research, and development for the military are documented here, in relation to an analysis of the Ethical Principles. APA's uncritical support for Operation Desert Storm is examined specifically, with regard to weapons technology and therapeutic treatment of U.S. soldiers on the battlefield. This one-sided support for victims of the war is not in keeping with a Hippocratic health care ethic to treat patients needing care, and to do so with neutrality and impartiality. Similarities to a historical example of nationalistic mental health ethics are discussed, with a review of the development of the German Institute for Psychological Research and Psychotherapy and of the German Society for Psychology in the Nazi wartime effort and the Holocaust. The results here show similar deficiencies in APA's ethical standards, not the least of which is that the code applies to individual members but not to APA policies, committees, or activities. This article concludes with suggested criteria for the Ethical Principles that would at least (a) recognize the ambiguities in systematically developing and using weapons to hurt people

  2. Highlighting ethical decisions underlying the scoring of animal welfare in the Welfare Quality® scheme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veissier, I.; Jensen, Karsten Klint; Botreau, R.

    2011-01-01

    All systems of scoring animal units (groups, farms, slaughter plants, etc.) according to the level of the animals’ welfare are based inevitably on normative decisions. Similarly, all methods of labelling, in terms of acceptability, are based on choices reflecting ethical values. The evaluative...... dimension of scoring and labelling does not mean that we should reject them, but it does mean that we need to make the normative and ethical background explicit. The Welfare Quality® scoring system is used as a case study in order to highlight the role of underlying value-based decisions. In this scoring...... of welfare or be based on what can be achieved in practice – in other words, an absolute assessment or a relative one may be proposed. Welfare Quality® adopted an intermediate strategy: absolute limits between welfare categories (Not classified, Acceptable, Enhanced, or Excellent level of welfare) were set...

  3. "Concepts in animal welfare": a syllabus in animal welfare science and ethics for veterinary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boo, Jasmijn; Knight, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    Public attitudes toward animal welfare have improved with growing social affluence, and veterinarians are increasingly expected to be informed about animal welfare in a broader sense than health alone. However, animal welfare has not been a traditional component of the veterinary curriculum. To help address this lack, the World Society for the Protection of Animals(WSPA) and the University of Bristol School of Veterinary Science launched the ''Concepts in Animal Welfare'' syllabus in 2003. This comprehensive syllabus comprises seven core and 23 elective modules and covers a range of animal welfare issues, including farm and companion animal welfare, wildlife, and the use of animals in experiments. There are also modules on ethics and animal legislation. The syllabus is interactive, promotes critical analysis of issues from different angles, and may be adapted for use in any veterinary curriculum. WSPA provides training and workshops in developing countries and assists with the implementation of the syllabus.

  4. 筒子纱数字化自动染色成套技术与装备研究%Study of Digital Automatic Dyeing Packaged Technology and Equipment for Cheese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琳; 侯玉磊; 范伟

    2015-01-01

    阐述了筒子纱数字化自动染色工艺技术的开发、筒子纱数字化自动染色成套装备的研制以及筒子纱数字化染色生产全过程中央控制系统的研发,并在上述3个方面的研究基础上,建立起筒子纱数字化自动染色生产线。并将其主要技术参数及先进性与国内外同类技术产品进行了对比。结果表明,采用筒子纱数字化自动染色成套技术与装备达到了筒子纱染色高质高效、节能减排生产;筒子纱数字化自动染色生产线实现了筒子纱染色从原纱到成品的全过程数字化自动生产、筒子纱数字化染色车间现场无人化操作,推动了纺织行业数字化、自动化、智能化、清洁化的技术进步。%The development of cheese digital automatic dyeing technology,cheese digital automatic dyeing equip-ment and cheese digital automatic dyeing production overall process central control system was expounded. The cheese digital automatic dyeing production line was built, which was based on the above-mentioned three aspects. And its main technical parameters and advancement were compared with that of the same technology products at home and abroad. The results show that using cheese digital automatic dyeing packaged technology and equipment attains cheese dyeing production with high quality and efficiency and energy saving and emission reduction; cheese digital automatic dyeing production line realizes overall process digital automatic production of cheese dyeing from original yarn to the finished product and cheese digital dyeing workshop unmanned operation. And it promotes digi-tal, automatic, intelligent, clean technical advance in textile industry.

  5. 物联网技术在输变电设备状态监测中的应用%Application of the internet of things technology in power transmission equipments condition monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹一家; 何杰; 黄小庆; 张志丹

    2012-01-01

    Smart grid is one of the most important application fields in the internet of things (IOT). On the basis of integrated analysis of basic concept and research hotspot of IOT, the paper preliminary studies the application prospects of IOT in on-line monitoring of power transmission and distribution equipment, electric vehicle and smart home. Then, with intelligent monitoring, condition assessment and life cycle management of transmission and distribution equipment as background, architecture of the internet of power transmission and distribution equipment is proposed, including intelligent perception layer, data communication layer, information integration layer, smart application layer. Key technologies, such as integrated intelligent monitoring device, coding and labeling system, communication technology, panoramic information modeling, information processing, life cycle management, security problems and standardization, are further discussed in detail. And then research directions and existing problems of these technologies are finally given.%智能电网是物联网应用的最重要领域之一.在分析物联网概念及研究热点的基础上,初步探讨物联网在智能电网中输变电设备在线监测、电动汽车和智能家居的应用前景,以输变电设备智能监测、状态评估和全寿命周期管理为背景,提出包括智能感知层、数据通信层、信息整合层和智能应用层的输变电设备物联网体系架构,并详细探讨体系架构中所涉及到的若干关键技术,主要包括一体化智能监测装置、编码和标识体系、通信技术、全景信息建模、信息处理技术、全寿命周期管理、安全威胁与措施以及标准化,指出这些技术的研究方向和存在问题.

  6. Medical Equipment Maintenance Programme Overview WHO Medical device technical series

    CERN Document Server

    Organization, World Health

    2011-01-01

    WHO and partners have been working towards devising an agenda an action plan tools and guidelines to increase access to appropriate medical devices. This document is part of a series of reference documents being developed for use at the country level. The series will include the following subject areas: . policy framework for health technology . medical device regulations . health technology assessment . health technology management . needs assessment of medical devices . medical device procurement . medical equipment donations . medical equipment inventory management . medical equipment maint

  7. Child Support Enforcement and Welfare Caseloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chein-Chung Huang; Garfinkel, Irwin; Waldfogel, Jane

    2004-01-01

    Annual state panel data from 1980 to 1999 was examined to understand the effects of child support enforcement (CSE). However, in recent years, it has been found that the CSE among current and former welfare families are dramatically improved.

  8. Disability and the Worlds of Welfare Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rourke O’Brien

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A higher proportion of working- age persons receive disability assistance in the Nordic countries and the Netherlands than in other European countries. Whereas current research emphasizes the connection between disability assistance and rates of labor force exit, to date there has been no exploration of how welfare state context influences individual self-reported disability. Using nationally representative data from 15 countries (n = 88, 478, I find that residents of generous welfare states are significantly more likely to report a disability net of self-reported health, sociodemographic, and labor force characteristics and, notably, that this association extends to younger and more educated workers. I argue that welfare state context may directly shape what it means to be disabled, which may have consequences for evaluations of welfare state performance and social exclusion.

  9. Housing conditions in calves welfare risk assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Relić Renata R.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows results of calf welfare risk assessment at intensive breeding farms. Assessment has been conducted on the basis of housing conditions which can have negative influence on welfare of cattle, especially in calf category considering their needs. According to analysis results very good housing conditions were confirmed in open shed rearing stall (C and closed type rearing stall without feeding yard (A, whilst in closed rearing stall with feeding yard (B housing conditions were estimated as acceptable. Based on collected data about housing conditions, we have estimated that the least risk for calf welfare is at C farm, slightly higher at A farm and the highest at B farm. Data about housing conditions and analysis of potential welfare risk factors show possible causes for already present health and other problems with animals, which also can reappear in future. However for that reason, applying described methods can increase rearing conditions and increase production at cattle farms.

  10. THE ROLES OF INDUSTRY AND SCIENCE, INCLUDING GENETIC SELECTION, IN IMPROVING ANIMAL WELFARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.M. BROOM

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Animal producers have to predict future situations and be aware of changing public views. At present, those in the animal industry are often trying to fight off change rather than preparing for and pre-empting it. As a consequence, many animal producers have bad public images. It is better to be proactive than reactive. Producer groups should be aware of new developments in knowledge and in public attitudes to animal-related activities. They should inform their members about how to manage animals in such a way that the welfare of the animals is good and the people involved in animal care are well-respected in society. This is especially important also for those who design and manufacture housing and equipment and those who breed animals for they can have substantial effects on animal welfare. It is important for animal welfare scientists to provide objective information about the welfare of animals, so that decisions can be taken about how animals should be bred, housed and treated. Animals use a wide range of coping mechanisms and these involve high-level brain function, with associated good and bad feelings. Where welfare is poor, the best overall assessment of welfare is a function of how bad is the effect on the individual and the duration of that effect. Conventional breeding, cloning and transgenesis can all have effects on the welfare of the animals produced. Selection for fast growth and high feed conversion efficiency in broiler chickens and other meat producing animals leads to too high an incidence of leg and other disorders. Selection for high milk yield in dairy cows leads to poor welfare associated with leg disorders, mastitis and reproductive disorders. These effects should be evaluated using a range of animal welfare measures and if there are adverse effects of genetic engineering, the usage of the animals should not be permitted except for research. In the case of genetically modified or cloned animals, any effects on function

  11. Factors affecting welfare attitudes in different types of welfare states: personal interests and values

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Gryaznova

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effect of personal interests and basic human values on the degree of support for a welfare state. Data from the European Social Survey, round 4 (2008) for 29 European countries (total n = 56,752) was used for the study. Results show that values such as collectivism and altruism promote demand for state intervention in welfare, while values like individualism and egoism negatively affect it. Income has the strongest negative effect on support for a welfare state among a...

  12. The Nordic welfare model and welfare services - Can we maintain acceptable standards?

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Torben M.

    2015-01-01

    A key feature of the Nordic welfare model is provision of welfare services like care, education and health. They are individual entitlements, and collectively financed. It is a prerequisite that contemporary standards of services are provided; thus the public solution is not a second rate solution used only by those who cannot afford better solutions. Can the Nordic welfare model meet this objective in the future? Increasing productivity and wealth challenge this. Services tend to have lower ...

  13. Animal-based measures for welfare assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agostino Sevi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Animal welfare assessment can’t be irrespective of measures taken on animals. Indeed, housing parametersrelatedtostructures, designandmicro-environment, evenifreliable parameters related to structures, design and micro-environment, even if reliable and easier to take, can only identify conditions which could be detrimental to animal welfare, but can’t predict poor welfare in animals per se. Welfare assessment through animal-based measures is almost complex, given that animals’ responses to stressful conditions largely depend on the nature, length and intensity of challenges and on physiological status, age, genetic susceptibility and previous experience of animals. Welfare assessment requires a multi-disciplinary approach and the monitoring of productive, ethological, endocrine, immunological and pathological param- eters to be exhaustive and reliable. So many measures are needed, because stresses can act only on some of the mentioned parameters or on all of them but at different times and degree. Under this point of view, the main aim of research is to find feasible and most responsive indicators of poor animal welfare. In last decades, studies focused on the following parameters for animal wel- fare assessment indexes of biological efficiency, responses to behavioral tests, cortisol secretion, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte proliferation, production of antigen specific IgG and cytokine release, somatic cell count and acute phase proteins. Recently, a lot of studies have been addressed to reduce handling and constraint of animals for taking measures to be used in welfare assessment, since such procedures can induce stress in animals and undermined the reliability of measures taken for welfare assessment. Range of animal-based measures for welfare assessment is much wider under experimental condition than at on-farm level. In welfare monitoring on-farm the main aim is to find feasible measures of proved validity and reliability

  14. Welfare mix, CSR and social citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Fernández, Luis

    2010-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is an important undertaking by corporations in order to advance social citizenship. In the last decades a growing implication of businesses and NGOs in welfare development has run hand in hand with a noticeable increase of both: (a) the for-profit welfare provision of policies and services to the general public, and (b) those programmes made available by corporations to their employees. All these developments, together with the provision of social poli...

  15. Why Did Austrian Business Oppose Welfare Cuts?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paster, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    In recent decades, business interests became protagonists of welfare retrenchment in many countries. In contrast, Austria’s national business organization, the WKÖ (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich), defended welfare programs and social partnership against government initiatives to dismantle them...... than alternative explanations that focus on competitive advantages. The article identifies compulsory membership, equal voting rights, and encompassing organization as the relevant features of the institutional setup. These features shaped the WKÖ’s social policy attitudes in two ways: first...

  16. Implications of Animal Welfare on Toxicity Testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Otto A.

    1993-01-01

    The testing strategy for chemical substances is discussed with regard to obtaining improved quality of data for health assessment while respecting the ethical responsibility for consideration of the welfare of the animals involved. Ensuring animal welfare without indulging too much...... in anthropomorphism leads to better research/testing. Current trends in toxicity testing will result in tests involving more sophisticated techniques, better quality of laboratory animals, and eventually the use of fewer animals....

  17. Welfare Policies and Solidarity Toward the Elderly

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Alonso, Mercedes; Jaime Castillo, Antonio M.; Ortega Gaspar, Marta

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the effect of welfare policies oriented toward the elderly on solidarity toward the elderly in a sample of European countries. The research question is whether more generous welfare policies crowd out solidarity. For this purpose, we analyze four waves of the SHARE database. We use multilevel analysis to estimate the effect of national variables on transfers toward the elderly, controlling for individual level variables. At the national level we focus on the effect of...

  18. Liberalism, Multiculturalism, and the Welfare State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Selamé G.

    Full Text Available This article examines whether the politics of difference is consistent with the politics of redistribution that characterizes the welfare state. The paper also explains why Brian Barry’s version of multiculturalism is a caricature, and inquires whether the dichotomy between liberalism and multiculturalism allows for any conciliation. Finally, it revises the pertinence and relevance of the thesis that upholds the compatibility between multiculturalism and the welfare state.

  19. Animal Welfare: eine empirische Analyse landwirtschaftlicher Frames

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Nach den aktuellen Erkenntnissen der nutztierwissenschaftlichen Forschung rekurriert das Verständnis von Animal Welfare auf vier Kriterien: Haltungssystem, Management, Tiergesundheit und Tierverhalten (KEELING und KJ™RNES, 2009). Es ist jedoch unklar, inwieweit sich dieses Verständnis auch in der landwirtschaftlichen Praxis wiederfindet. In der vorliegenden empirischen Studie wird erstmals mit Hilfe einer Faktorenanalyse das Animal-Welfare-Verständnis konventioneller deutscher Schweinemäster ...

  20. Equipment energy efficiency energy-saving control technology and application%设备能效控制节能技术及实践应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹阳

    2013-01-01

    Saving energy and reducing consumption, building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society have an important role, and it can also promote the development of enterprises, improve the economic efficiency of enterprises. We took the benefits of six Sigma as the guiding ideology, from “value” perspective, examined equipment energy consumption. Through innovative thinking, we reviewed the “waste heat recovery and utilization”,“centralized energy supply”,“eliminate transition waste”,“eliminate the design margin”,“excellent process energy saving”,“frequency conversion control application of”,“new technology”as the 7 major technical methods of energy saving energy, we realized saving goals, played a good role in promotion.%  节能降耗,对建设资源节约型和环境友好型社会具有重要的推动作用,同时也是促进企业发展、提高企业经济效益的有效措施。我公司以精益六西格玛为指导思想,从“价值”角度,审视设备能耗点,通过创新思维,梳理总结了“余热回收利用”、“中央集中供能”、“消除过渡浪费”、“消除设计余量”、“优化工艺节能”、“变频控制应用”、“新技术引进”等7大技术节能方法,为节能降耗目标的实现,起到了良好的推动作用。