WorldWideScience

Sample records for weekends

  1. Weekend therapy in diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalra, Sanjay; Gupta, Yashdeep

    2016-05-01

    This article introduces the concept of "weekend therapy", which has now become reality in diabetes. It briefly describes injectable and oral drugs which are currently available, or are in advanced stages of development, for use in once weekly administration. These include dulaglutide, exenatide QW, semaglutide, omarigliptin and trelagliptin.

  2. A Plan for My Weekend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    I love weekends. I have made a plan for this weekend. On Saturday morning I will get up at 7 o'clock. Then I will do some shopping with my mother. We will spend half a day in shopping. That is my favorite activity. In the afternoon, I will go to movies with my friends and then go to the beach. I think we will be relaxed there. In the evening I will watch TV with my parents. On Sunday, I plan to wash my clottles first. After that I will go to my aunt's house and eat delicious food with my cousin. My aunt likes me very much. I decide to have a good rest at home in the afternoon. This is my weekend plan. I love it very much.

  3. Study of ozone "weekend effect" in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG WenYuan; ZHAO ChunSheng; GENG FuHai; PENG Li; ZHOU GuangQiang; GAO Wei; XU JianMing; TIE XueXi

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of observed ozone data in 2006 from five monitoring sites (Xujiahui, Chongming, Baoshan, Pudong, Jinshan) in Shanghai reveals that ozone (O3) concentrations in Xujiahui are higher at weekends than those on weekdays, despite the fact that emissions of ozone precursor substances, such as oxides of nitrogen (NOX), carbon monoxide (CO) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are lower at weekends than those on weekdays.The possible chemical cause of ozone "weekend effect" is that NO2/NO ratio increases at weekends by 25.61% compared with those on weekdays.In addition, because of an average 12.13% reduction in NOx (NO + NO2) in the early morning (05:00-09:00) at weekends compared with that on weekdays, the ozone inhibition period ends 0.5 h earlier at weekends resulting in the longer duration of ozone accumulation and the higher ozone production rate.The rate of ozone production is a function of VOCs and NOx in the atmosphere.VOCs/NOx ratio in Xujiahui is 4.55 at weekends, and 4.37 on weekdays, belonging to the "NOx-limited".The increasing VOCs/NOx ratio at weekends leads to ozone enhancement from 73 ppbv to 80 ppbv, which are consistent with ozone "weekend effect" in Xujiahui.Furthermore, combining with MICAPS cloud amount data, the fact that ozone "weekend effect" in Xujiahui weakens gradually along with the increasing of cloud amount indicates that ozone photochemical production leads to ozone "weekend effect" in Xujiahui of Shanghai.

  4. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: WHITSUNTIDE WEEKEND

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Whitsuntide weekend are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30. DATE RESTAURANT No. Opening times Saturday, June 7 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 and 3 closed Sunday, June 8 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 and 3 closed Monday, June 9 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 and 3 closed SATELLITE CAFETERIAS (Bldgs. 30, 40, 54) and the KIOSK will be closed on 7, 8 and 9 June.

  5. Should Exams Be Given on Weekends?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ China's national college entrance exam, which is set down for June 7 and 8, oc-curred on Monday and Tuesday this year. The exam caused extensive traffic jams in cities and many parents had to take two days off work to accompany their chil-dren to the exam. Some people suggest the college entrance exam be given on the first weekend in June. The Ministry of Education says it will consider the sugges-tion.

  6. The "weekend effect" in pediatric surgery - increased mortality for children undergoing urgent surgery during the weekend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Seth D; Papandria, Dominic J; Aboagye, Jonathan; Salazar, Jose H; Van Arendonk, Kyle; Al-Omar, Khaled; Ortega, Gezzer; Sacco Casamassima, Maria Grazia; Abdullah, Fizan

    2014-07-01

    For a number of pediatric and adult conditions, morbidity and mortality are increased when patients present to the hospital on a weekend compared to weekdays. The objective of this study was to compare pediatric surgical outcomes following weekend versus weekday procedures. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and the Kids' Inpatient Database, we identified 439,457 pediatric (Pediatric patients undergoing common urgent surgical procedures during a weekend admission have a higher adjusted risk of death, blood transfusion, and procedural complications. While the exact etiology of these findings is not clear, the timing of surgical procedures should be considered in the context of systems-based deficiencies that may be detrimental to pediatric surgical care. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Study of ozone “weekend effect” in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Analysis of observed ozone data in 2006 from five monitoring sites (Xujiahui, Chongming, Baoshan, Pudong, Jinshan) in Shanghai reveals that ozone (O3) concentrations in Xujiahui are higher at week-ends than those on weekdays, despite the fact that emissions of ozone precursor substances, such as oxides of nitrogen (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are lower at weekends than those on weekdays. The possible chemical cause of ozone "weekend effect" is that NO2/NO ratio increases at weekends by 25.61% compared with those on weekdays. In addition, because of an average 12.13% reduction in NOx (NO + NO2) in the early morning (05:00-09:00) at weekends compared with that on weekdays, the ozone inhibition period ends 0.5 h earlier at weekends resulting in the longer duration of ozone accumulation and the higher ozone production rate. The rate of ozone production is a function of VOCs and NOx in the atmosphere. VOCs/NOx ratio in Xujiahui is 4.55 at weekends, and 4.37 on weekdays, belonging to the "NOx-limited". The increasing VOCs/NOx ratio at weekends leads to ozone enhancement from 73 ppbv to 80 ppbv, which are consistent with ozone "weekend effect" in Xujiahui. Furthermore, combining with MICAPS cloud amount data, the fact that ozone "weekend effect" in Xujiahui weakens gradually along with the increasing of cloud amount indicates that ozone photochemical production leads to ozone "weekend effect" in Xujiahui of Shanghai.

  8. A time and motion study of junior doctor work patterns on the weekend: a potential contributor to the weekend effect?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, L C; Lehnbom, E C; Baysari, M T; Walter, S R; Day, R O; Westbrook, J I

    2016-07-01

    Patients admitted to hospital on weekends have a greater risk of mortality compared to patients admitted on weekdays. Junior medical officers (JMO) make up the majority of medical staff on weekends. No previous study has quantified JMO work patterns on weekends. To describe and quantify JMO work patterns on weekends and compare them with patterns previously observed during the week. Observational time and motion study of JMO working weekends using the Work Observation Method by Activity Timing (WOMBAT; Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia) software. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the proportion of total observed time spent in tasks. Weekend JMO predominately spent time in indirect care (32.0%), direct care (23.0%) and professional communication (22.1%). JMO spent 20.9% of time multitasking and were interrupted, on average, every 9 min. Weekend JMO spent significantly more time in direct care compared with weekdays (13.0%; P pattern of JMO work could be a potential contributing factor to the weekend effect in terms of JMO abilities to respond safely and adequately to care demands. © 2016 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  9. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE : ASCENSION AND WHITSUNTIDE WEEKENDS

    CERN Document Server

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2002-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30.   RESTAURANT SATELLITE CAFETERIAS KIOSQUE No. Opening times Usual opening times ASCENSION Thursday 9 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00 Friday 10 May 1 2 3   07h00 - 21h00 07h00 - 18h00 Bldg. 40 Bldg. 30, 54 Bldg. 864 08h00 - 17h00     Saturday 11 May 1 2 3 07h00 - 23h00     Sunday 12 May 1 2 3 07h00 - 23h00     WHITSUNTIDE Saturday 18 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00     Sunday 19 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00     Monday 20 May 1 2 3 08h00 - 21h00     Restaurant Supervisory Committee Tel. 77551

  10. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: ASCENSION AND WHITSUNTIDE WEEKENDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2001-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30. RESTAURANT CAFETERIAS PERIPHERIQUES SATELLITE CAFETERIAS KIOSQUE No. Horaire Opening times Horaire : comme d'habitude Usual opening times   ASCENSION         Jeudi 24 mai 1       Thursday, May 24 2 08h00 - 21h00 3           Vendredi 25 mai 1   Bâts. /Bldgs 6 13 17 40Bâts. /Bldgs. 30 54 Bâts. /Bldgs 864 08h00 — 17h00 Friday, May 25 2 07h00 - 21h00   3 07h00 - 18h00           Samedi 26 mai 1 07h00 - 23h00     Saturday, May 26 2   3           Dimanche 27 mai 1 07h00 - 23h00     Sunday, May 27 2   3                   PENTECOTE WHITSUNTIDE         Samedi 2 juin 1 08h00 - 21h00     Saturday, June 2 2   3           Dimanche 3 juin 1 08h00 — 21h00     Sunday, Jun...

  11. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: ASCENSION AND WHITSUNTIDE WEEKENDS

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Details of the arrangements to ensure the provision of a restaurant service during the Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends are given below. On all the days indicated, hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and 18h00 to 19h30. DATERESTAURANT No.Opening times ASCENSION Thursday, May 29 1 2 08h00 - 21h00 3 Friday, May 30 1 2 07h00 - 21h00 3 07h00 - 18h00 Saturday, May 31 1 2 09h00 - 20h00 3 Sunday, June 1st 1 2 09h00 - 20h00 3 WHITSUNTIDE Saturday, June 7 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 3 Sunday, June 8 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 3 Monday, June 9 1 08h00 - 21h00 2 3 SATELLITE CAFETERIAS (Bldgs. 30, 40, 54) will open at the usual hours on Friday 30 May only. The KIOSK will open from 8:00 to 17:00 hrs on Friday 30 May.

  12. Decrease in weekend number of steps in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Vašíčková

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The activities with which young people spend the weekends do not support the prevalence of an active and healthy lifestyle enough. There are research evidence-based results that physical activity performed during weekend days is lower than physical activity in weekdays. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to find out to what extent young people achieve recommended levels of physical activity on weekends and to identify possible differences with regard to nationality or gender. METHODS: Research was realised between 2008 and 2011 at randomly selected schools in the Czech Republic and in Poland. The week long step count monitoring had 786 participants in the Czech Republic and 673 participants in Poland aged 15–16 years. The online system INDARES was used to answer questionnaires and gather data from pedometers. RESULTS: Results showed that young people on average record lower numbers of steps on weekends compared to schooldays (difference is 1356 step/day; F(1, 1458 = 147.61; p ≈ .000; ω2 = .232***. The most critical day of the week is Sunday. The simplified recommended amount of 11,000 steps/day is achieved by 65.93% of Czech boys and 64.73% of Czech girls (49.28% of Polish boys and 42.92% of Polish girls on schooldays, whereas only by 42.59% of Czech boys and 43.8% of Czech girls (40.1% of Polish boys and 39.27% of Polish girls on weekends. There were no significant differences between boys and girls in terms of average number of steps per day. CONCLUSION: Reducing the weekend would certainly not secure effective advancement of physical activity and healthy lifestyle among young people, yet a change of their values and creating a habit of spending weekends actively is imperative. Use of the internet mainly in boys and use of pedometers mainly in girls are some of the tools to stimulate physical activity and healthy lifestyle in youth.

  13. Weekday vs. weekend repair of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayari, Arash J; Tashiro, Jun; Wang, Bo; Perez, Eduardo A; Lasko, David S; Sola, Juan E

    2016-05-01

    We hypothesize that weekend esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) repair has worse outcomes compared to procedures performed on weekdays. Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2009) was searched for EA/TEF in infants admitted at analysis (MVA) compared complications, mortality, and resource utilization (length of stay [LOS] total charges [TC]) between weekday and weekend procedures. Overall, 861 EA/TEF cases with known day of repair were identified. Cohort survival was 96%. On risk-adjusted MVA, complication rates were higher with EA/TEF repair on a weekend (OR: 2.2) compared to a weekday. Additionally, complications (OR: 6.5) and LOS (OR: 9.3) were found to be higher among African American children compared to Caucasians. LOS was higher in patients with Medicaid (OR: 2.4) and repairs performed at non-teaching hospitals (OR: 3.2). Weekend vs. weekday procedure had no significant effect on mortality or resource utilization. By risk-adjusted MVA, increased complication rates for EA/TEF are seen in patients undergoing repair on weekends compared to weekdays. Additionally, African American children experienced higher complication rates compared to Caucasians. LOS after repair varies according to race, payer status, and hospital characteristics. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Efektivitas Layanan Weekend Banking (Studi BMI KCP PIM .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifa Farhah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Effectiveness of Weekend Banking Services (Study at BMI KCP PIM. The aim of this research is to analyze the effectiveness of weekend banking services at Bank Muamalat Indonesia. The method that used in this research is linier regression and. The result shown that the value of adjusted R-squared was 0.313409. It means that customer’s preference (dependent variable was influenced by location, brand image, and, product and services in the amount of 31.34% and the others 68.66% was influenced by the others factor. From the paired sample t-test shown that the weekend banking services still not effective to increase the third party funds  DOI:10.15408/aiq.v6i1.1370

  15. The "weekend warrior": fact or fiction for major trauma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Derek J; Ouellet, Jean-Francois; McBeth, Paul B; Kirkpatrick, Andrew W; Dixon, Elijah; Ball, Chad G

    2014-06-01

    The "weekend warrior" engages in demanding recreational sporting activities on weekends despite minimal physical activity during the week. We sought to identify the incidence and injury patterns of major trauma from recreational sporting activities on weekends versus weekdays. We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Alberta Trauma Registry comparing all adults who were severely injured (injury severity score [ISS] ≥ 12) while engaging in physical activity on weekends versus weekdays between 1995 and 2009. Among the 351 identified patients (median ISS 18; median hospital stay 6 d; mortality 6.6%), significantly more were injured on the weekend than during the week (54.8% v. 45.2%, p = 0.016). Common mechanisms were motocross (23.6%), hiking or mountain/rock climbing (15.4%), skateboarding or rollerblading (12.3%), hockey/ice-skating (10.3%) and aircraft- (9.9%) and water-related (7.7%) activities. This distribution was similar regardless of the day of the week. Most patients were injured as a result of a ground-level (21.9%) or higher fall while hiking, mountain climbing or rock climbing (25.9%); motocross-related incidents (24.2%); or collision with a tree, person, man-made object or moving vehicle (14.0%). Injury patterns were similar across both groups (all p > 0.05): head (55.8%), spine (35.1%), chest (35.0%), extremities (31.1%), face (17.4%), abdomen (13.1%). Surgical intervention was required in 41% of patients: 15.1% required open reduction and internal fixation, 8.3% spinal fixation, 7.4% craniotomy, 5.1% facial repair and 4.3% laparotomy. The weekend warrior concept may be a validated entity for major trauma.

  16. How to Spend the Two-day Weekend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴士玉

    2000-01-01

    Perhaps you are a freshman and at a loss how to make the best use of theweekend. After all, the weekend on campus is very different from that in highschool. To tell the truth, I met with the same trouble as you when I entereduniversity. However, little by little, I learned how to spend the weekend. HereI'd like to give you some advice.1. Have a good rest. We can't always put ourselves under heavy pressure,for example, studying day and night. Remember: we are not machines. Afterfive days' hard work, we are v...

  17. Cholecystectomy During the Weekend Increases Patients' Length of Hospital Stay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothman, Josephine Philip; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian;

    2016-01-01

    30 days between week time and weekend time. A longer postoperative length of stay was observed for patients operated on Fridays and Saturdays even though surgical complication rates were alike between weekdays. Patients with acute cholecystitis had a longer length of stay on Saturdays. CONCLUSION: We...

  18. Independent Study: A Planning Booklet for an Educational Weekend. Emphasis: Winter Weekend. Taft Campus Occasional Paper No. 34.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landis, Deborah Lee

    A Winter Weekend experiential learning seminar was organized in 1980 by 13 graduate assistants at the Northern Illinois University Taft Campus, for college outdoor education students to learn winter activities (sleigh rides, cross-country skiing, snow shoeing and snow shoe making, winter animal track and habitat identification, igloo building,…

  19. A Process-Analysis Based Study of the Ozone Weekend Effect

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tonse, Shaheen R.; Brown, Nancy J.; Harley, Robert A.; Jin, Ling

    2008-05-09

    We have used the 3D photochemical model CMAQ to simulate the ozone weekend effect, a phenomenon in which urban areas can have higher ozone concentrations on weekends than on weekdays even though NO{sub x} emissions are usually lower on weekends. A simulation containing a weekend is compared to hypothetical simulations in which the anthropogenic emissions for the weekend have been replaced by weekday emissions. The simulations are identical in all other respects. Process analysis is used to explain the results. We find that the weekend effect can be decomposed into an ozone titration component and an odd oxygen component, each contributing about half of the excess weekend ozone. The titration component simply requires that there be lower weekend NO{sub x} emissions. The odd oxygen component additionally requires that on weekends there be a higher rate of OH + (VOC or CO) reactions, brought about by one or more of lower nitric acid formation, higher OH formation from O{sub 3} photolysis, and higher VOC emissions. This causes higher weekend peroxy radical formation. The odd oxygen component also requires sufficiently high NO concentration even on the lower-NO{sub x} weekends to propagate this higher rate of peroxy formation back to higher weekend OH formation.

  20. Restaurant opening times for the Ascension and Whitsun weekends

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    For the Ascension weekend (from Thursday, 17 May to Sunday, 20 May inclusive) and the Whitsun weekend (from Saturday, 26 May to Monday, 28 May inclusive), the restaurant opening times will be as follows: Restaurant No.1 will be open from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m., with hot meals being served from 11.30 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6.30 p.m. to 8 p.m. (except Friday 18 May, when the restaurant will be open as normal). Restaurant No.2 will be closed (except Friday 18 May, when the restaurant will be open as normal). Restaurant No.3 will be closed.

  1. Planning ahead: Improving escalation plans before the weekend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarkali, Angeliki; Black, Duncan; Smee, Elizabeth; Deshraj, Anshul; Smallwood, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Handover is the system by which responsibility for patient care is transferred between healthcare professionals. A significant aspect of handover is the existence of an escalation plan for each patient in case of deterioration over the weekend. According to the Royal College of Physicians, all patients should have a clear escalation plan documented in the notes before a weekend, since parent medical teams (Consultant team in charge of care) are best placed to make these decisions. If left to on-call teams, at a time of deterioration over a weekend, they might not have all available information, the patient might be unable to be involved in the decisions, and the family might not be consulted. With this is mind, we decided to analyse the existing handover process in a medium sized district general hospital, with the aim of improving the process and the documentation of escalation plans. The results from our retrospective analysis of the system in place revealed a significant lack of documentation of escalation plans in the medical notes. Three sample wards were selected to analyse the current handover system and test proposed measures before hospital-wide implementation. After trialling of a physical handover meeting in addition to the existing intranet system and a proforma for the Friday ward round, the documentation of escalation plans in the patients' notes improved from 9.1% to 41.1%. Based on these results, as well as formal feedback from junior doctors and informal feedback from other staff, the physical handover meeting and Friday ward round proforma will be implemented throughout the Trust. Our interventions led to an improvement in the documentation of escalation plans in our hospital, thus saving precious time in the event of a patient's deterioration. This also ensures that families and patients are involved in the decision making process and kept informed, and reduces the burden for the weekend on-call teams.

  2. CERN Webfest: A weekend for science on the web

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2013-01-01

    Are you passionate about science? Do you like communicating that passion to the general public? Then come along to the CERN Summer Student Webfest on the weekend of 3-4 August! It is a grassroots initiative by the summer students, open to all staff and users, and aims to spark new ideas that could innovate the future of web-based education about CERN, the LHC and particle physics.   The CERN Summer Student Webfest is a weekend of online web-based creativity modelled on the gatherings (sometimes called hackfests or hackathons) that energize many open-source communities. You can work with like-minded students and CERN staff to design and build demos of the web apps you would like to see online. Prizes will be awarded to the best projects, with a Grand Prize winner receiving a trip to the Mozilla Festival in London! Participants in the CERN Summer Student Webfest will work in teams and design neat applications that encourage the public to learn more about science and, in particular, CE...

  3. Association Between Weekend Catch-up Sleep and Lower Body Mass: Population-Based Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, Hee-Jin; Baek, Shin-Hye; Chu, Min Kyung; Yang, Kwang Ik; Kim, Won-Joo; Park, Seong-Ho; Thomas, Robert J; Yun, Chang-Ho

    2017-07-01

    To determine if weekend catch-up sleep (CUS) impacts body mass index (BMI) in the general population. A stratified random sample (2156 subjects; age 19-82 years old, 43.0 ± 14.5; 1183 male) from the general population was evaluated, in 2010, using face-to-face interviews about sociodemographic characteristics, height, weight, habitual sleep duration, and time-in-bed at night on weekdays and weekend, sleep-related profiles, mood and anxiety scales, and comorbid-medical conditions. Weekend CUS was identified when nocturnal sleep extension occurred over the weekend, and this was quantified. Average sleep duration, BMI, and chronotype were determined. The association of BMI with the presence and the amount of weekend CUS was analyzed, independent of average sleep duration, chronotype, and sociodemographic factors. BMI and average sleep duration was 23.0 ± 3.0 kg/m2 and 7.3 ± 1.2 hours, respectively. The weekend CUS group consisted of 932 subjects (43.1%) who slept longer on weekend than weekdays by 1.8 ± 1.1 hours. Weekend CUS subjects had a significantly lower BMI (22.8 ± 0.19 kg/m2) than the non-CUS (23.1 ± 0.19 kg/m2) group, after adjustment for age, sex, average sleep duration, chronotype, other sociodemographic factors, and anxiety/mood status (p = .01) The relationship between weekend CUS and BMI was dose-dependent (p = 0.02): Every additional hour of weekend CUS was associated with a decrease of 0.12 kg/m2 in BMI (95% confidence interval, -0.23 to -0.02). Weekend sleep extension may have biological protective effects in preventing sleep-restriction induced or related obesity. The results suggest a simple population-level strategy to minimize effects of sleep loss.

  4. A cool Web challenge on a hot weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    The CERN Summer Student Webfest took place last weekend and brought dozens of young web enthusiasts to the Main Auditorium. Fifteen projects were presented in the Friday pitching session and after that the challenge was launched. And the winner is…   Five of the six members of the team behind the “Mother hunting” project during a brainstorming session. Image: Jiannan Zhang. … the “Mother hunting” game! An end-state particle explores CERN to try to reconstruct his (or her) family history of decay mothers and ancestors. Along the way, the particle meets famous physicists who teach it physics. A globe sphinx asks physics questions before the player can progress to various stages (read the game description on the dedicated page). Targeted at high school students, the game features very appealing 3D graphics, which accurately reproduce the layout of CERN. “Mother hunting” was one of the 15 projects presented at the...

  5. Celebrating Benedict Kiely 2007 Benedict Kiely Weekend Keynote Address

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pierce

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Benedict Kiely (1919-2007 has an annual weekend devoted to his memory as one ofIreland’s leading writers in the modern period. The sixth such event was held in the newly-built Strule Arts Centre in Omagh in September 2007. Kiely lived most of his life in Dublin, pursuing a career as a journalist and a writer, but his roots were in County Tyrone. Educated by the Christian Brothers in Omagh, he embarked on a Jesuit novitiate in the Irish Midlands but this was cut short by a spinal injury, which meant a year of confinement on the broad of his back. Subsequently, he went on to read English and History at University College Dublin. His journalistic career took him first to the Irish Independent and then to the Irish Press, where he was literary editor. In the 1960s he took up visiting professorships at several North American colleges in Oregon and Tennessee. On his return he became well-known on Irish radio for talks and discussion programmes, and he was a regular contributor to Sunday Miscellany. A sharp observer of the Northern scene, he was particularly disturbed by the upsurge in violence in the recent Troubles, airing his grievances in imaginative works such as Proxopera (1977 andNothing Happens in Carmincross (1985. He died in Dublin on 9 February 2007 after a short illness, and after Requiem mass in Donnybrook he was laid to rest in the Dublin Road Cemetery in Omagh. The following is the text of the opening address I was invited to give at the sixth annual weekend. I spoke about Kiely’s sense of connection running through his writings.

  6. Mortality after discharge from the intensive care unit during the early weekend period

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Obel, N.; Schierbeck, J.; Pedersen, L.

    2007-01-01

    -Meier analysis and Cox's proportional-hazards regression to compute survival curves and risk ratio estimates. RESULTS: There were 228 patients in the weekend group and 555 patients in the non-weekend group. Crude and adjusted 28-day risk ratio of the combined endpoint was 1.50 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1...

  7. Where are the Sunday babies? II. Declining weekend birth rates in Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerchl, Alexander; Reinhard, Sarah C.

    2008-02-01

    Birth dates from almost 3 million babies born between 1969 and 2005 in Switzerland were analyzed for the weekday of birth. As in other countries but with unprecedented amplitude, a very marked non-random distribution was discovered with decreasing numbers of births on weekends, reaching -17.9% in 2005. While most of this weekend births avoidance rate is due to fewer births on Sundays (up to -21.7%), the downward trend is primarily a consequence of decreasing births on Saturdays (up to -14.5%). For 2005, these percentages mean that 3,728 fewer babies are born during weekends than could be expected from equal distribution. Most interestingly and surprisingly, weekend birth-avoiding rates are significantly correlated with birth numbers ( r = 0.86), i.e. the lower the birth number per year, the lower the number of weekend births. The increasing avoidance of births during weekends is discussed as being a consequence of increasing numbers of caesarean sections and elective labor induction, which in Switzerland reach 29.2 and 20.5%, respectively, in 2004. This hypothesis is supported by the observation that both primary and secondary caesarean sections are significantly correlated with weekend birth avoidance rates. It is therefore likely that financial aspects of hospitals are a factor determining the avoidance of weekend births by increasing the numbers of caesarean sections.

  8. Drinking Plans and Drinking Outcomes: Examining Young Adults' Weekend Drinking Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trim, Ryan S.; Clapp, John D.; Reed, Mark B.; Shillington, Audrey; Thombs, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    This study examined relationships among drinking intentions, environments, and outcomes in a random sample of 566 undergraduate college students. Telephone interviews were conducted with respondents before and after a single weekend assessing drinking intentions for the coming weekend related to subsequent drinking behaviors. Latent class analyses…

  9. Short-term mortality in hip fracture patients admitted during weekends and holidays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, N B; Kehlet, H

    2006-01-01

    Acute surgical admission during weekends, with reduced staffing levels, has been associated with increased risk of mortality, but the effect of longer vacation/holiday periods has not been studied. We therefore examined early postoperative mortality in hip fracture patients admitted during weekends...

  10. Agent-based simulation for weekend-extension strategies to mitigate influenza outbreaks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mao Liang

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Non-pharmaceutical strategies are vital in curtailing impacts of influenza and have been intensively studied in public health. However, few strategies have explicitly utilized the weekend effect, which has been widely reported to be capable of reducing influenza infections. This study aims to explore six weekend-extension strategies against seasonal and pandemic flu outbreaks. Methods The weekend-extension strategies were designed to extend regular two-day weekend by one, two and three days, respectively, and in combination with either a continuous or discontinuous pattern. Their effectiveness was evaluated using an established agent-based spatially explicit simulation model in the urbanized area of Buffalo, NY, US. Results If the extensions last more than two days, the weekend-extension strategies can remarkably reduce the overall disease attack rate of seasonal flu. Particularly, a three-day continuous extension is sufficient to suppress the epidemic and confine the spread of disease. For the pandemic flu, the weekend-extension strategies only produce a few mitigation effects until the extensions exceed three days. Sensitivity analysis indicated that a compliance level above 75% is necessary for the weekend-extension strategies to take effects. Conclusion This research is the first attempt to incorporate the weekend effect into influenza mitigation strategies. The results suggest that appropriate extensions of the regular two-day weekend can be a potential measure to fight against influenza outbreaks, while minimizing interruptions on normal rhythms of socio-economy. The concept of weekend extension would be particularly useful if there were a lack of vaccine stockpiles, e.g., in countries with limited health resources, or in the case of unknown emerging infectious diseases.

  11. Photochemical aging of volatile organic compounds in the Los Angeles basin: Weekday-weekend effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warneke, Carsten; Gouw, Joost A.; Edwards, Peter M.; Holloway, John S.; Gilman, Jessica B.; Kuster, William C.; Graus, Martin; Atlas, Elliot; Blake, Don; Gentner, Drew R.; Goldstein, Allen H.; Harley, Robert A.; Alvarez, Sergio; Rappenglueck, Bernhard; Trainer, Michael; Parrish, David D.

    2013-05-01

    During the CalNex (California Research at the Nexus of Air Quality and Climate Change) field study in May-June 2010, measurements of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were performed in the Los Angeles (LA) basin onboard a NOAA research aircraft and at a ground site located in Pasadena. A weekday-weekend effect in ozone, caused by lower NOx emissions due to reduced diesel truck traffic in the weekends, has been previously observed in Los Angeles and other cities. Measurements in the Caldecott tunnel show that emission ratios of VOCs do not vary with the day of the week, but measurements during CalNex2010 show a VOC weekday-weekend effect through faster photochemical processing at lower ambient NOx mixing ratios. Ambient VOC enhancement ratios of long-lived species such as benzene are the same between weekdays and weekends, whereas enhancement ratios of short-lived species, such as trimethyl benzene, are up to a factor of three lower on weekends. Based upon the observed differences in VOC enhancement ratios to CO, we determine that photochemical processing was on average 65%-75% faster on weekends during CalNex2010, which indicates that ambient OH radical concentrations were larger by this factor causing the observed change in VOC composition. A box model calculation based on the Master Chemical Mechanism was used to verify the increase in photochemical processing in the weekends.

  12. Head Impact Exposure During a Weekend Youth Soccer Tournament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrisman, Sara P D; Mac Donald, Christine L; Friedman, Seth; Andre, Jalal; Rowhani-Rahbar, Ali; Drescher, Sara; Stein, Elizabeth; Holm, Matthew; Evans, Nicole; Poliakov, Andrew V; Ching, Randal P; Schwien, Christina C; Vavilala, Monica S; Rivara, Frederick P

    2016-07-01

    Concussion is a known risk in youth soccer, but little is known about subconcussive head impacts. The authors provided a prospective cohort study measuring frequency and magnitude of subconcussive head impacts using accelerometry in a middle school-age soccer tournament, and association between head impacts and changes in (1) symptoms, (2) cognitive testing, and (3) advanced neuroimaging. A total of 17 youth completed the study (41% female, mean 12.6 years). There were 73 head impacts >15g measured (45% headers) and only 2 had a maximum peak linear acceleration >50g No youth reported symptoms consistent with concussion. After correction for multiple comparisons and a sensitivity analysis excluding clear outliers, no significant associations were found between head impact exposure and neuropsychological testing or advanced neuroimaging. The authors conclude that head impacts were relatively uncommon and low in acceleration in youth playing a weekend soccer tournament. This study adds to the limited data regarding head impacts in youth soccer. © The Author(s) 2016.

  13. Outcomes are Worse in US Patients Undergoing Surgery on Weekends Compared With Weekdays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glance, Laurent G; Osler, Turner; Li, Yue; Lustik, Stewart J; Eaton, Michael P; Dutton, Richard P; Dick, Andrew W

    2016-06-01

    Increasing surgical access to previously underserved populations in the United States may require a major expansion of the use of operating rooms on weekends to take advantage of unused capacity. Although the so-called weekend effect for surgery has been described in other countries, it is unknown whether US patients undergoing moderate-to-high risk surgery on weekends are more likely to experience worse outcomes than patients undergoing surgery on weekdays. The aim of this study was to determine whether patients undergoing surgery on weekends are more likely to die or experience a major complication compared with patients undergoing surgery on a weekday. Using all-payer data, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 305,853 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery, colorectal surgery, open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm, endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm, and lower extremity revascularization. We compared in-hospital mortality and major complications for weekday versus weekend surgery using multivariable logistic regression analysis. After controlling for patient risk and surgery type, weekend elective surgery [adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=3.18; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.26-4.49; Psurgery (AOR=2.11; 95% CI, 1.68-2.66; Psurgery. Weekend elective (AOR=1.58; 95% CI, 1.29-1.93; Psurgery (AOR=1.61; 95% CI, 1.42-1.82; Psurgery. Patients undergoing nonemergent major cardiac and noncardiac surgery on the weekends have a clinically significantly increased risk of death and major complications compared with patients undergoing surgery on weekdays. These findings should prompt decision makers to seek to better understand factors, such physician and nurse staffing, which may contribute to the weekend effect.

  14. Weekday/weekend differences in gasoline related hydrocarbons at coastal PAMS sites due to recreational boating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Robert F.

    2013-08-01

    Analysis of PAMS (Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations) data at several coastal sites reveals large weekday/weekend differences in gasoline related hydrocarbons. Elevated concentrations of gasoline related constituents, including alkanes, alkenes, and aromatics, are observed on weekends at the PAMS monitors at Sherwood Island State Park in Westport, CT and at Newbury, MA. An analysis of the ratio of the concentrations of 2,3-dimethylbutane to 2,2-dimethylbutane indicates these compounds are freshly emitted, and an investigation in conjunction with wind data shows that the elevated concentrations are associated primarily with onshore winds. These elevated concentrations are most likely due to weekend recreational boating.

  15. Differences in Danish children's diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Hoppe, Camilla

    2012-01-01

    ) as well as energy density were compared between weekdays, Fridays and weekend days for each gender in three age groups (4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years) using Tobit analysis to account for zero intakes. Setting The Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–2008. Subjects Children (n...... appeared as a mix of the diets on weekdays and weekend days. Conclusions Significant differences and distinct characteristic patterns were found in children's diet quality during weekdays, Fridays and weekend days. The present study suggests that in prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, more......Objective To compare differences in children's diet quality on weekdays (Monday–Thursday), Fridays and weekend days. Design A representative cross-sectional study in which participants completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Mean intakes of energy, macronutrients and selected food items (g/10 MJ...

  16. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service : Rocky Mountain Arsenal : Interim Plan for Weekend Visitor Access

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an interim plan for weekend visitors designed to provide for the safety of visitors to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal during its remediation and transition to a...

  17. Is mortality after hip fracture associated with surgical delay or admission during weekends and public holidays?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daugaard, Cecilie Laubjerg; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Riis, Troels

    2012-01-01

    Hip fractures are associated with high mortality, but the cause of this is still not entirely clear. We investigated the effect of surgical delay, weekends, holidays, and time of day admission on mortality in hip fracture patients.......Hip fractures are associated with high mortality, but the cause of this is still not entirely clear. We investigated the effect of surgical delay, weekends, holidays, and time of day admission on mortality in hip fracture patients....

  18. Ozone weekend effects in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan area, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y. H.; Hu, B.; Ji, D. S.; Liu, Z. R.; Tang, G. Q.; Xin, J. Y.; Zhang, H. X.; Song, T.; Wang, L. L.; Gao, W. K.; Wang, X. K.; Wang, Y. S.

    2014-03-01

    The ozone weekend effect (OWE) was first investigated in the metropolitan area of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), China, using in situ measurements from the Atmospheric Environment Monitoring Network from July 2009 to August 2011. The results indicate that there is an obvious weekly periodical variation in the surface ozone concentration. There is a lower ozone concentration from Wednesday to Friday (weekday) and a higher concentration from Saturday to Monday (weekend) at all the locations of the study. NOx also displays a weekly cycle, with the maximum level occurring on weekdays and the minimum level on weekends, especially later on Sunday night and early Monday morning. This pattern may be responsible for the higher concentration of ozone on weekends. Additionally, the vertical variations in O3 and NOx from the 8 m, 47 m, 120 m and 280 m observation platforms on the 325 m Beijing meteorological tower displayed obvious weekly cycles that corresponded to the surface results. A smaller decrease in volatile organic compounds (VOCs; using CO as a proxy) and much lower NOx concentrations on the weekend may lead to higher VOC / NOx ratio, which can enhance the ozone production efficiency in VOC-limited regime areas. Additionally, a clear weekly cycle in the fine aerosol concentration was observed, with maximum values occurring on weekdays and minimum values occurring on weekends. Higher concentrations of aerosol on weekdays can reduce the UV radiation flux by scattering or absorbing, which leads to a decrease in the ozone production efficiency. A significant weekly cycle in UV radiation, consistent with the aerosol concentration, was discovered at the Beijing meteorological tower site (BJT), validating the assumption. A comprehensive understanding of the ozone weekend effect in the BTH area can provide deep insights into controlling photochemical pollution.

  19. Ozone weekend effects in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei metropolitan area, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. H. Wang

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The ozone weekend effect (OWE was first investigated in the metropolitan area of Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH, China, using in situ measurements from the Atmospheric Environment Monitoring Network from July 2009 to August 2011. The results indicate that there is an obvious weekly periodical variation in the surface ozone concentration based on 24 h averaged value. There is a lower ozone concentration from Wednesday to Friday (weekday and a higher concentration from Saturday to Monday (weekend over the entire study area. NOx also displays weekly cycle, with the maximum level occurring on weekdays and the minimum level on weekends, especially later on Sunday night and early Monday morning. This pattern may be responsible for the higher concentration of ozone on weekends. Additionally, the vertical variations in O3 and NOx from the 8 m 47 m, 120 m and 280 m observation platforms on the 325 m Beijing meteorological tower displayed obvious weekly cycles that corresponded to the surface results. A smaller decrease in VOCs (a proxy for CO and much lower NOx concentrations on the weekend may lead to higher VOC/NOx ratio, which can enhance the ozone production efficiency in VOC-regime areas. Additionally, a clear weekly cycle in the fine aerosol concentration was observed, with maximum values occurring on weekdays and minimum values occurring on weekends. Higher concentrations of aerosol on weekdays can reduce the UV radiation flux by absorption or scattering, which leads to a decrease in the ozone production efficiency. A significant weekly cycle in UV radiation, in consistent with the aerosol concentration, was discovered at the BJT site, validating the assumption. A comprehensive understanding of the ozone weekend effect in the BTH area can provide deep insights into controlling photochemical pollution.

  20. Where are the Sunday babies? III. Caesarean sections, decreased weekend births, and midwife involvement in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerchl, Alexander

    2008-02-01

    A previous study has shown a marked and continuing decline in weekend births in Germany between 1988 and 2003 (Lerchl, Naturwissenschaften 92:592-594, 2005). The present study was performed to investigate the possible influence of caesarean sections (CS) on weekend birth number and on the involvement of midwives in births for all 16 German states for the year 2003. In total, data from 706,721 births were sorted according to weekday of births and state, respectively, and the weekend births avoidance rates were calculated. Weekend births were consistently less frequent than births during the week, with an average of -15.3% for all states and due to fewer births on Saturdays (-13.6%) and Sundays (-16.7%). Between the states, weekend births avoidance rates ranged from -11.6% (Bremen) to -24.2% (Saarland). The proportion of CS was 25.5% for all states, ranging from 19.2% (Sachsen and Sachsen-Anhalt) to 30.5% (Saarland). CS and weekend births avoidance rates were significantly correlated, consistent with the hypothesis that primary (planned) CS are regularly scheduled on weekdays. The number of births per midwife (BPM) was calculated according to the number of active members in the states’ professional midwives’ organizations. The mean number of BPM was 59.5, ranging from 45.2 (Bremen) to 82.4 (Sachsen-Anhalt). CS and BPM were significantly correlated, consistent with the hypothesis that higher CS ratios are associated with lower midwife involvement in births. It is concluded that the decline in weekend births and lower involvement of midwives are caused, at least in part, by an increased number of caesarean sections.

  1. Weekend Compared with Weekday Presentations of Peritoneal Dialysis-Associated Peritonitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, David W.; Clayton, Philip; Cho, Yeoungjee; Badve, Sunil V.; Hawley, Carmel M.; McDonald, Stephen; Boudville, Neil; Wiggins, Kathryn J.; Bannister, Kym; Brown, Fiona

    2012-01-01

    ♦ Objective: Management of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis requires timely intervention by experienced staff, which may not be uniformly available throughout the week. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of weekend compared with weekday presentation on peritonitis outcomes. ♦ Methods: The study, which used data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, included all Australian patients receiving PD between 1 October 2003 and 31 December 2008. The independent predictors of weekend presentation and subsequent peritonitis outcomes were assessed by multivariate logistic regression. ♦ Results: Peritonitis presentation rates were significantly lower on Saturdays [0.46 episodes per year; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.42 to 0.49 episodes per year] and on Sundays (0.43 episodes per year; 95% CI: 0.40 to 0.47 episodes per year) than all other weekdays; they peaked on Mondays (0.76 episodes per year; 95% CI: 0.72 to 0.81 episodes per year). Weekend presentation with a first episode of peritonitis was independently associated with lower body mass index and residence less than 100 km away from the nearest PD unit. Patients presenting with peritonitis on the weekend were significantly more likely to be hospitalized [adjusted odds ratio (OR): 2.32; 95% CI: 1.85 to 2.90], although microbial profiles and empiric antimicrobial treatments were comparable between the weekend and weekday groups. Antimicrobial cure rates were also comparable (79% vs 79%, p = 0.9), with the exception of cure rates for culture-negative peritonitis, which were lower on the weekend (80% vs 88%, p = 0.047). Antifungal prophylaxis was less likely to be co-prescribed for first peritonitis episodes presenting on weekdays (OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.05 to 0.89). ♦ Conclusions: Patients on PD are less likely to present with peritonitis on the weekend. Nevertheless, the microbiology, treatment, and outcomes of weekend and weekday PD peritonitis

  2. Feasibility of a Nurse-Led Weekend Group Exercise Program for People after Stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharine Scrivener

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Additional physical activity including repetitive task practice can improve outcomes after stroke. The additional practice can be facilitated by therapists and family members or could also be delivered by nursing staff. Objective. To investigate the feasibility of a nurse-led weekend exercise program after stroke. Participants. Individuals after stroke, who participated in a weekend exercise program during their hospital admission. Methods. A retrospective audit of the number of referrals to and amount of exercise repetitions achieved in a nurse-led weekend exercise program was undertaken. The weekend exercise program occurs on each Saturday and Sunday for one hour. The repetitions of exercise completed during each class were documented by staff. An audit was conducted to ascertain the amount and type of exercise completed within the class. Results. During the study period 284 people were referred to the exercise program. The mean number of exercise repetitions completed per participant in each class was 180.7 (SD 205.4. The number of exercise repetitions completed by participants was highly variable ranging from 0 to 1190 per class. Conclusion. The amount of average exercise repetitions completed in the Weekend Warrior program was large but with significant variability. A nurse-led exercise class is a feasible method of delivering exercise opportunities to individuals in hospital after stroke.

  3. Feasibility of a Nurse-Led Weekend Group Exercise Program for People after Stroke

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tourany, Raymond; McNamara-Holmes, Mary; Schurr, Karl; Dorsch, Simone; Dean, Catherine

    2017-01-01

    Background. Additional physical activity including repetitive task practice can improve outcomes after stroke. The additional practice can be facilitated by therapists and family members or could also be delivered by nursing staff. Objective. To investigate the feasibility of a nurse-led weekend exercise program after stroke. Participants. Individuals after stroke, who participated in a weekend exercise program during their hospital admission. Methods. A retrospective audit of the number of referrals to and amount of exercise repetitions achieved in a nurse-led weekend exercise program was undertaken. The weekend exercise program occurs on each Saturday and Sunday for one hour. The repetitions of exercise completed during each class were documented by staff. An audit was conducted to ascertain the amount and type of exercise completed within the class. Results. During the study period 284 people were referred to the exercise program. The mean number of exercise repetitions completed per participant in each class was 180.7 (SD 205.4). The number of exercise repetitions completed by participants was highly variable ranging from 0 to 1190 per class. Conclusion. The amount of average exercise repetitions completed in the Weekend Warrior program was large but with significant variability. A nurse-led exercise class is a feasible method of delivering exercise opportunities to individuals in hospital after stroke. PMID:28243482

  4. Weakening of the weekend ozone effect over California's South Coast Air Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baidar, S.; Hardesty, R. M.; Kim, S.-W.; Langford, A. O.; Oetjen, H.; Senff, C. J.; Trainer, M.; Volkamer, R.

    2015-11-01

    We have observed lower nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) during a hot weekend (summer 2010) from aircraft over the entire South Coast Air Basin (SoCAB). Surface concentrations of NO2, O3, and temperature from 1996 to 2014 corroborate that this lower O3 on weekends is increasingly likely in recent years. While higher surface O3 on the weekends (weekend ozone effect, WO3E) remains widespread, the spatial extent and the trend in the probability of WO3E occurrences (PWO3E) have decreased significantly compared to a decade ago. This decrease is mostly the result of lower O3 on hot weekends in recent years. PWO3E is lowest in the eastern SoCAB. The major decrease happened during the 2008 economic recession, after which PWO3E has stabilized at a 15-25% lower level throughout most of the basin. Future NOx reductions are likely to be increasingly effective at reducing O3 pollution initially under hot conditions in the coming decade.

  5. The “weekend warrior”: Fact or fiction for major trauma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Derek J.; Ouellet, Jean-Francois; McBeth, Paul B.; Kirkpatrick, Andrew W.; Dixon, Elijah; Ball, Chad G.

    2014-01-01

    Background The “weekend warrior” engages in demanding recreational sporting activities on weekends despite minimal physical activity during the week. We sought to identify the incidence and injury patterns of major trauma from recreational sporting activities on weekends versus weekdays. Methods We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Alberta Trauma Registry comparing all adults who were severely injured (injury severity score [ISS] ≥ 12) while engaging in physical activity on weekends versus weekdays between 1995 and 2009. Results Among the 351 identified patients (median ISS 18; median hospital stay 6 d; mortality 6.6%), significantly more were injured on the weekend than during the week (54.8% v. 45.2%, p = 0.016). Common mechanisms were motocross (23.6%), hiking or mountain/rock climbing (15.4%), skateboarding or rollerblading (12.3%), hockey/ice-skating (10.3%) and aircraft- (9.9%) and water-related (7.7%) activities. This distribution was similar regardless of the day of the week. Most patients were injured as a result of a ground-level (21.9%) or higher fall while hiking, mountain climbing or rock climbing (25.9%); motocross-related incidents (24.2%); or collision with a tree, person, man-made object or moving vehicle (14.0%). Injury patterns were similar across both groups (all p > 0.05): head (55.8%), spine (35.1%), chest (35.0%), extremities (31.1%), face (17.4%), abdomen (13.1%). Surgical intervention was required in 41% of patients: 15.1% required open reduction and internal fixation, 8.3% spinal fixation, 7.4% craniotomy, 5.1% facial repair and 4.3% laparotomy. Conclusion The weekend warrior concept may be a validated entity for major trauma. PMID:24869618

  6. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Andersen, L. F.

    2013-01-01

    with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected in significantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P ...·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary...

  7. Analysis of the Weekend Effect on the Markets of 121 Equity Indices and 29 Commodities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Borowski

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The problem of efficiency of financial markets, especially the weekend effect has always fascinated scientists. The issue is significant from the point of view of assessing the portfolio management effectiveness and behavioral finance. This paper tests the hypothesis of weekend effects of the market of 121 equity indices and 29 commodities with the following four approaches: Friday close – Monday open, Friday close – Monday close, Friday close – Tuesday open and Friday close – Tuesday close prices. Calculations presented in this paper indicate the presence of the monthly effect in the following cases: 36 (I approach, 58 (II approach, 57 (III approach and 66 (IV approach.

  8. Create your own website using WordPress in a weekend

    CERN Document Server

    Moore, Alannah

    2013-01-01

    Having a website built can be a complicated and expensive undertaking. For large businesses this is a necessary expense, but for the ever-increasing number of independents and small businesses, this can easily be handled by the intrepid amateur. In Create Your Own Website Using WordPress in a Weekend, author Alannah Moore draws on her extensive experience to show how, in just a weekend, almost anyone can create a website in WordPress that looks professional and is entirely tailored to their needs and preferences. Through carefully structured step-by-step tutorials, the book takes the

  9. Publication of the Bulletin for ‘Ascension’ and restaurant closure Ascension and Whitsuntide weekends

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    Thursday 21 May will be a public holiday (Ascension), so items for publication in this edition (22-23/2009) should reach the Publication Section or the Staff Association, as appropriate, before midday on Monday 18 May. Thank you for your understanding. Publication Section - DSU-CO Tel. 73830 ~Restaurants closureRestaurant No. 2 and Restaurant No. 3 will be closed from Thursday 21 May 2009 to Sunday 24 May 2009 for the ‘ascension’ weekend and on 1st June 2009 for Whitsuntide. Restaurant No. 1 will remain open throughout although with weekend opening hours on 21 May and 1st June.

  10. Low-Income Mothers' Nighttime and Weekend Work: Daily Associations with Child Behavior, Mother-Child Interactions, and Mood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassman-Pines, Anna

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated low-income mothers' daily nighttime and weekend work and family outcomes. Sixty-one mothers of preschool-aged children reported daily on work hours, mood, mother-child interaction, and child behavior for two weeks (N = 724 person-days). Although nighttime and weekend work are both nonstandard schedules, results showed…

  11. A 'busy day' effect on perinatal complications of delivery on weekends: a retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Jonathan M; Kozhimannil, Katy Backes; Muoto, Ifeoma; Caughey, Aaron B; McConnell, K John

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate whether busy days on a labour and delivery unit are associated with maternal and neonatal complications of childbirth in California hospitals, accounting for weekday/weekend births. This is a population-based retrospective cohort study. Linked vital statistics/patient discharge data for California births between 2009 and 2010 from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. All singleton, cephalic, non-anomalous California births between 2009 and 2010 (N=724 967). The key exposure was high daily obstetric volume, defined as giving birth on a day when the number of births exceeded the hospital-specific 75th percentile of daily delivery volume. Outcomes were a range of maternal and neonatal complications. Several maternal and neonatal complications were increased on high-volume days and weekends following adjustment for maternal demographics, annual hospital birth volume and teaching hospital status. For example, compared with low-volume weekdays, the odds of Apgar <7 on low-volume weekend days and high-volume weekend days were 11% (adjusted OR (aOR) 1.11, CI 1.03 to 1.21) and 29% higher (aOR 1.29, CI 1.10 to 1.52), respectively. High volume was associated with increased odds of neonatal seizures on weekdays (aOR 1.33, CI 1.01 to 1.71) and haemorrhage on weekends (aOR 1.11, CI 1.01 to 1.22). After accounting for between-hospital variation, weekend delivery remained significantly associated with increased odds of Apgar score <7, neonatal intensive care unit admission, prolonged maternal length of stay and the odds of neonatal seizures remained increased on high-volume weekdays. Our findings suggest that weekend delivery is a consistent risk factor for a range of perinatal complications and there may be variability in how well hospitals handle surges in volume. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  12. Differences between weekend and weekday ozone levels over rural and urban sites in Southern Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schipa, Ilenia; Tanzarella, Annalisa; Mangia, Cristina

    2009-09-01

    Air quality data from a network of 11 monitoring stations in the Apulia region of southern Italy during the summer of 2005 reveal a high frequency of ozone law limit violations. Since ozone is a secondary pollutant, air quality control strategies aimed at reducing ozone concentration are not immediate. Herein, we analyse weekly changes in concentration levels of ozone (O(3)), nitrogen oxides (NO(x)), carbon monoxide (CO), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and evaluate how the differences in primary emissions cause changes in the production of ozone. The comparison between weekend and weekday levels of O(3) and its precursors are direct evidence for the existence of the "ozone weekend effect." This effect was observed at all stations with a considerable variation in the overall ozone magnitude, including both traffic stations and non-traffic stations. Data from VOC measurements at traffic stations primarily indicated elevated levels of benzene, toluene, and xylenes (BTX); all of these substances showed an overall decrease over the weekend. A single station indicated levels of non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) and PM10, both of which did not demonstrate any weekly cycle. Analysis of weekly and diurnal cycles of O(3), NO(x), CO, NMHC, and PM10 indicates that higher weekend ozone levels result from a reduction in the emission of nitrogen oxides on weekends in VOC-sensitive regimes. This indicates that a reduction in VOC and NO(x) levels would be more effective than NO(x) reduction alone. Our results underscore the need for improved and more efficient VOC measurements.

  13. Weekday/Weekend differences in ambient air pollutant concentrations in atlanta and the southeastern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanchard, Charles L; Tanenbaum, Shelley

    2006-03-01

    The authors quantified changes between mean weekday and weekend ambient concentrations of ozone (O3) precursors (volatile organic compounds [VOC], carbon monoxide [CO], nitric oxide, and oxides of nitrogen [NOx]) in Atlanta and surrounding areas to observe how weekend precursor emission levels influenced ambient O3 levels. The authors analyzed CO, nitric oxide (NO), and NO, measurements from 1998 to 2002 and speciated VOC from 1996 to 2003. They observed a strong weekend effect in the Atlanta region, with median daytime (6:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time) decreases of 62%, 57%, and 31%, respectively, in the ambient levels of NO, NOx, and CO from Wednesdays to Sundays, during the ozone season (March to October). They also observed significant decreases in ambient VOC levels between Wednesdays and Sundays, with decreases of 28% for the sum of aromatic compounds and 19% for the sum of Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations target compounds. Despite large reductions in O3 precursor levels on weekends, day-of-week differences in O3 mixing ratios in and near Atlanta were much smaller. Averaging overall O3-season days, the 1-hr and 8-hr mean peak daily O3 maxima on Sundays were 4.5% and 2.3% lower, respectively, than their mean levels on Wednesdays (median of 14 site differences), with no sites showing statistically significant Wednesday-to-Sunday differences. When restricted to high-O3 days (highest 3 peak O3 days per day of week per site per year), the 1-hr and 8-hr Sunday O3 mixing ratios were 11% and 10% lower, respectively, than their mean peak levels on Wednesdays (median of 14 site differences), with 6 of 14 sites showing statistically significant Wednesday-to-Sunday differences. The analyses of weekday/weekend differences in O3 precursor concentrations show that different emission reductions than normally take place each weekend will be required to achieve major reductions in ambient ozone levels in the Atlanta area.

  14. Hospital mortality among major trauma victims admitted on weekends and evenings: a cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laupland Kevin B

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient care may be inconsistent during off hours. We sought to determine whether victims of major trauma admitted to hospital on evenings, nights, and weekends suffer increased mortality rates. All victims of major trauma admitted to all four major acute care hospitals in the Calgary Health Region between April 1, 2002 and March 31, 2006 were included. Clinical and outcome information was obtained from regional databases. Weekends were defined as anytime Saturday or Sunday, evenings as 18:00–22:59, and nights as 23:00–07:59. Results Four thousand patients were included; 2,901 (73% were male, the median age was 39.5 [inter-quartile range (IQR, 22.4–58.2] years, and the median injury severity score (ISS was 20 (IQR, 16–26. Thirty-five percent (1,405 of patients were admitted on a weekend, 30% (1,197 during evenings, and 36% (1,422 at night. Seventy-eight percent (3,106 of cases presented during the "after hours" (evenings, nights, and/or weekends. The in-hospital case-fatality rate was 447 (11%, and was not significantly different during daytime (165/1,381; 37%, evening (128/1,197; 30%, and night (154/1,422; 36% admissions (p = 0.53, or among patients admitted on weekends as compared to weekdays (157/1,405; 11% vs. 290/2,595; 11%; p = 1.0. Admission during the after hours as compared to business hours (343/3,106; 11% vs. 104/894; 12%; p = 0.63 did not increased risk. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed to assess factors associated with in-hospital death (n = 3,891. Neither admission on weekends nor on evenings or nights increased the risk for in-hospital mortality. Conclusion In our region, the time of admission during the day or day of the week does not influence the risk for adverse outcome and may reflect our highly developed multi-hospital acute care and trauma system.

  15. A Retrospective Evaluation of Critical Care Blood Culture Yield - Do Support Services Contribute to the "Weekend Effect"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Ben; Nagaraja, Shankara; Collins, Andrea; Pennington, Shaun H; Blakey, John D

    2015-01-01

    The "weekend effect" describes an increase in adverse outcomes for patients admitted at the weekend. Critical care units have moved to higher intensity working patterns to address this with some improved outcomes. However, support services have persisted with traditional working patterns. Blood cultures are an essential diagnostic tool for patients with sepsis but yield is dependent on sampling technique and processing. We therefore used blood culture yield as a surrogate for the quality of support service provision. We hypothesized that blood culture yields would be lower over the weekend as a consequence of reduced support services. We performed a retrospective observational study examining 1575 blood culture samples in a university hospital critical care unit over a one-year period. Patients with positive cultures had, on average, higher APACHE II scores (p = 0.015), longer durations of stay (p = 0.03), required more renal replacement therapy (pculture yield decreased with repeated sampling with an increased proportion of contaminants. Blood cultures were 26.7% less likely to be positive if taken at the weekend (p = 0.0402). This effect size is the equivalent to the impact of sampling before and after antibiotic administration. Our study demonstrates that blood culture yield is lower at the weekend. This is likely caused by delays or errors in incubation and processing, reflecting the reduced provision of support services at the weekend. Reorganization of services to address the "weekend effect" should acknowledge the interdependent nature of healthcare service delivery.

  16. The weekend effect alters the procurement and discard rates of deceased donor kidneys in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Sumit; Foley, Karl; Chiles, Mariana C; Dube, Geoffrey K; Patzer, Rachel E; Pastan, Stephen O; Crew, R John; Cohen, David J; Ratner, Lloyd E

    2016-07-01

    Factors contributing to the high rate of discard among deceased donor kidneys remain poorly understood and the influence of resource limitations of weekends on kidney transplantation is unknown. To quantify this we used data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and assembled a retrospective cohort of 181,799 deceased donor kidneys recovered for transplantation from 2000-2013. We identified the impact of the day of the week on the procurement and subsequent utilization or discard of deceased donor kidneys in the United States, as well as report the geographic variation of the impact of weekends on transplantation. Compared with weekday kidneys, organs procured on weekends were significantly more likely to be discarded than transplanted (odds ratio: 1.16; 95% confidence interval: 1.13-1.19), even after adjusting for organ quality (adjusted odds ratio: 1.13; 95% confidence interval: 1.10-1.17). Weekend discards were of a significantly higher quality than weekday discards (Kidney Donor Profile Index: 76.5% vs. 77.3%). Considerable geographic variation was noted in the proportion of transplants that occurred over the weekend. Kidneys available for transplant over the weekend were significantly more likely to be used at larger transplant centers, be shared without payback, and experienced shorter cold ischemia times. Thus, factors other than kidney quality are contributing to the discard of deceased donor kidneys, particularly during weekends. Policy prescriptions, administrative or organizational solutions within transplant programs may potentially mitigate against the recent increase in kidney discards.

  17. Nonparametric factorial analysis of daily weigh-in-motion traffic: implications for the ozone "weekend effect" in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Oliver H.; Holmén, Britt A.; Niemeier, Debbie A.

    The Ozone Weekend Effect (OWE) has become increasingly more frequent and widespread in southern California since the mid-1970s. Although a number of hypotheses have been suggested to explain the effect, there remains uncertainty associated with the root factors contributing to elevated weekend ozone concentrations. Targeting the time window of the 1997 Southern California Ozone Study (SCOS97), this paper examines traffic activity data for 14 vehicle classes at 27 weigh-in-motion (WIM) stations in southern California. Nonparametric factorial analyses of light-duty vehicle (LDV) and heavy-duty truck (HDT) traffic volumes indicate significant differences in daily volumes by day of week and between the weekly patterns of daily LDV and HDT volumes. Across WIM stations, the daily LDV volume was highest on Friday and decreased by 10% on weekends compared to that on midweek days. In contrast, daily HDT volumes showed dramatic weekend drops of 53% on Saturday and 64% on Sunday. As a result, LDV to HDT ratios increased by 145% on weekends. Nonparametric tests also suggest that weekly traffic patterns varied significantly between WIM stations located close to (central) and far from (peripheral) the Los Angeles Metro area. Weekend increases in LDV/HDT ratios were more pronounced at central WIM sites due to greater weekend declines of HDT relative to LDV traffic. The implications of these weekly traffic patterns for the OWE in southern California were investigated by estimating daily WIM traffic on-road running exhaust emissions of total organic gas (TOG) and oxides of nitrogen (NO x) using EMFAC2002 emission factors. The results support the California Air Resource Board's (CARB's) NO x reduction hypothesis that greater weekend NO x reductions relative to volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions, in combinations with the VOC-limited ozone system, contribute to the OWE observed in the region. The results from this study can be used to develop weekend on-road mobile emission

  18. Contributions of a retreat weekend to the healing and coping of cancer patients' relatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaert, Antonia; Gabos, Theresa; Ballenas, Vincent; Rutledge, Robert D H

    2010-02-01

    Relatives play a key role in the daily support and care of cancer patients. This role, however, can negatively affect relatives physically, psychologically, emotionally, and spiritually, challenging their health and well-being. Consequently, this could inhibit relatives' abilities to continue in their roles as caregivers. Although various studies have examined different interventions for the relatives of cancer patients, no formal research has been published on the role that retreat weekends play in their cancer journeys. In this qualitative study we used semistructured interviews to explore the experiences of 8 relatives who attended a "Skills for Healing Retreat Weekend" in Ontario, Canada. The findings indicate that the retreat, in bringing people together to partake in discussions and activities, fostered a sense of community among the participants. The retreat also had enduring effects, contributing to relatives' ongoing processes of healing as well as providing them with strategies for coping in their roles as caregivers.

  19. Make a 2D RPG in a weekend with RPG maker VX Ace

    CERN Document Server

    Perez, Darrin

    2015-01-01

    Make a 2D RPG in a Weekend shows you how to create your very own dungeon crawler game in RPG Maker VX Ace in a single weekend. The entire process, from start to finish, is covered within this book. You will see a variety of dungeon maps and events, all broken down for your convenience. One of the hardest parts of game development is actually finishing a game, but it is also one of the most important steps on the way to becoming a game developer. If you have yet to finish a game, this book will give you the confidence and resources you need to finally be able to create your very own RPG. Once

  20. "Chase CRP", "Review patient": Improving the Quality of Weekend Medical Handover at a London Teaching Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saifuddin, Aamir; Magee, Lucia; Barrett, Rachael

    2015-01-01

    Clinical handover has been identified as a "major preventable cause of harm" by the Royal College of Physicians (RCP). Whilst working at a London teaching hospital from August 2013, we noted substandard weekend handover of medical patients. The existing pro forma was filled incompletely by day doctors so it was difficult for weekend colleagues to identify unwell patients, with inherent safety implications. Furthermore, on-call medical staff noted that poor accessibility of vital information in patients' files was affecting acute clinical management. We audited the pro formas over a six week period (n=83) and the Friday ward round (WR) entries for medical inpatients over two weekends (n=84) against the RCP's handover guidance. The results showed poor documentation of several important details on the pro formas, for example, ceiling of care (4%) and past medical history (PMH) (23%). Problem lists were specified on 62% of the WR entries. We designed new handover pro formas and 'Friday WR sheets' to provide prompts for this information and used Medical Meetings and emails to explain the project's aims. Re-audit demonstrated significant improvement in all parameters; for instance, PMH increased to 52% on the pro formas. Only 10% of Friday WR entries used our sheet. However, when used, outcomes were much better, for example, problem list documentation increased to 100%. In conclusion, our interventions improved the provision of crucial information needed to prioritise and manage patients over the weekend. Future work should further highlight the importance of safe handover to all doctors to induce a shift in culture and optimise patient care.

  1. Family and home influences on children's after-school and weekend physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMinn, Alison M; Griffin, Simon J; Jones, Andrew P; van Sluijs, Esther M F

    2013-10-01

    Family- and home-related factors have been shown to be associated with children's physical activity (PA), but may be time-dependent. Here we investigate whether family- and home-related correlates of children's PA are different for the after-school period on weekdays than for the weekend. Data on 21 family- and home-related variables and objectively measured PA (Actigraph GT1M) were available from 1608 Year 5 children (9-10 years old) from 92 schools in Norfolk participating in the SPEEDY (Sport, Physical activity and Eating behaviour: Environmental Determinants in Young people) study. Multi-level multiple linear regression was used to quantify cross-sectional associations between the family/home variables and average min per day of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA, ≥2000 counts/min) after school on weekdays and at the weekend. Models were additionally adjusted for age, sex, BMI z-score and registered accelerometer wear time. After-school MVPA was associated with parent education (ß: -1.1; 95% CI -2.0 to -0.2), being allowed to play out in the neighbourhood (ß: 1.3; 0.7-1.8), restrictions on walking/cycling to friends' houses (ß: -1.1; -1.6 to -0.7), restrictions on sedentary behaviour (ß: -0.3; -0.5 to -0.02) and family social support (ß: 1.0; 0.7-1.3). Weekend MVPA was associated with number of siblings (ß: 2.6; 0.5-4.8), family encouragement (ß: 1.1; 0.2-2.0) and family social support (ß: 1.5; 0.5-2.5). Family social support is positively associated with children's out-of-school PA both at weekdays and in weekends. However, rules and restrictions appear to be important only on weekdays. The results of this study merit consideration when identifying appropriate timing of PA-promotion strategies.

  2. Circadian Entrainment to the Natural Light-Dark Cycle across Seasons and the Weekend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stothard, Ellen R; McHill, Andrew W; Depner, Christopher M; Birks, Brian R; Moehlman, Thomas M; Ritchie, Hannah K; Guzzetti, Jacob R; Chinoy, Evan D; LeBourgeois, Monique K; Axelsson, John; Wright, Kenneth P

    2017-02-20

    Reduced exposure to daytime sunlight and increased exposure to electrical lighting at night leads to late circadian and sleep timing [1-3]. We have previously shown that exposure to a natural summer 14 hr 40 min:9 hr 20 min light-dark cycle entrains the human circadian clock to solar time, such that the internal biological night begins near sunset and ends near sunrise [1]. Here we show that the beginning of the biological night and sleep occur earlier after a week's exposure to a natural winter 9 hr 20 min:14 hr 40 min light-dark cycle as compared to the modern electrical lighting environment. Further, we find that the human circadian clock is sensitive to seasonal changes in the natural light-dark cycle, showing an expansion of the biological night in winter compared to summer, akin to that seen in non-humans [4-8]. We also show that circadian and sleep timing occur earlier after spending a weekend camping in a summer 14 hr 39 min:9 hr 21 min natural light-dark cycle compared to a typical weekend in the modern environment. Weekend exposure to natural light was sufficient to achieve ∼69% of the shift in circadian timing we previously reported after a week's exposure to natural light [1]. These findings provide evidence that the human circadian clock adapts to seasonal changes in the natural light-dark cycle and is timed later in the modern environment in both winter and summer. Further, we demonstrate that earlier circadian timing can be rapidly achieved through natural light exposure during a weekend spent camping.

  3. Restaurant opening hours during the Jeûne Genevois weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2011-01-01

    Restaurant No. 1: Thursday, 8 September from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m., Friday, 9 September from 6-30 a.m. to 12 midnight, and at the weekend from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. Restaurant No. 2: closed from Thursday, 8 September to Sunday, 11 September. Restaurant No. 3: closed from Thursday, 8 September to Sunday, 11 September.

  4. Improving patient care over weekends by reducing on-call work load and better time management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardezi, Syed Anjum Ali

    2014-01-01

    The Royal College of Physicians states that "handover, particularly of temporary 'on-call' responsibility, has been identified as a point at which errors are likely to occur."[1] Working a weekend on-call covering medical wards is often busy and stressful for all junior doctors. The high volume of routine and unplanned tasks make the situation even worse. In Nevill Hall hospital Abergavenny, we measured the workload on a junior doctor for medical ward cover on weekends by counting the number of times he/she was bleeped for routine tasks. Initial study demonstrated that on average 30-40% of time on a long day shift was spent on jobs which could have been done on the preceding Friday. The "FRIDAYS" checklist was introduced for clinical staff (particularly junior doctors) to identify these jobs. According to this model, all the junior doctors were encouraged to review: F: Phlebotomy R: Rewriting drug charts I: IV fluids D: discharge summaries A: Antibiotic review Y: Yellow book/Warfarin dose S: Status of resuscitation and escalation plans before leaving the wards on Friday afternoon. This implementation successfully showed reduction in weekend workload, allowing the ward cover to be focused on care and safety of comparatively sick patients while at the same time reducing the stress for the on-call team.

  5. Compensation for Adolescents’ School Mental Load by Physical Activity on Weekend Days

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Kudláček

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Increasing mental load and inadequate stress management significantly affect the efficiency, success and safety of the educational/working process in adolescents. The objective of this study is to determine the extent that adolescents compensate for their school mental load by physical activity (PA on weekend days and, thus, to contribute to the objective measurement of mental load in natural working conditions. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2013 and April 2014. A set of different methods was employed—self-administered questionnaire (IPAQ-long questionnaire, objective measurements—pedometers, and accelerometers (ActiTrainers. They was distributed to 548 students from 17 high schools. Participants’ mental load was assessed based on the difference between PA intensity and/or physical inactivity and heart rate range. Results: The participants with the highest mental load during school lessons do not compensate for this load by PA on weekend days. Conclusions: Adolescents need to be encouraged to be aware of their subjective mental load and to intentionally compensate for this load by PA on weekend days. It is necessary to support the process of adopting habits by sufficient physical literacy of students, as well as teachers, and by changes in the school program.

  6. Working at the weekend: Supermarket and shopping centre workers in Salford/Manchester (UK) and Porto (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Sofia Alexandra Cruz; Jill Ebrey

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly discusses the origins and importance of the weekend¿ in the industrial¿ cities of Manchester (UK) and Porto (Portugal). Drawing on previous work specifically focused on this subject, it examines the spatio-temporal shifts evident during the industrial revolution, which produced a more disciplined¿ labour process. Work and leisure were, thereafter, constituted as separate domains, the weekend being a designated leisure time and space. We consider the more recent temporal shi...

  7. Unit9 How was your weekend?词汇教学教案设计(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴淑繁

    2014-01-01

    <正>Teaching aims and demands:1.Knowledge Objects:Key Vocabulary:was,did,went,visit,test,stay,have,practice,past Target Language:What did you do last weekend?On Saturday morning I played tennis.2.Ability Object:(1)Train students the ability of learning the new words.(2)Train students’listening and speaking skills by past form.3.Moral Object:Make students know to arrange meaningful weekends Teaching Difficulties:Train students’listening and speaking skills;

  8. My Weekend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴启文

    2007-01-01

    Last Saturday morning,I got up later than my parents.After breakfast,I went for a walk in the street.I met my grandma and my little brother.He is my uncle's son and he is only four years old.But he is very lovely and we all like him very much.They would go to my house,so we went to my home together.At home, we watched TV and had a chat.

  9. Chronotype influences activity circadian rhythm and sleep: differences in sleep quality between weekdays and weekend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale, Jacopo A; Roveda, Eliana; Montaruli, Angela; Galasso, Letizia; Weydahl, Andi; Caumo, Andrea; Carandente, Franca

    2015-04-01

    Several studies have shown the differences among chronotypes in the circadian rhythm of different physiological variables. Individuals show variation in their preference for the daily timing of activity; additionally, there is an association between chronotype and sleep duration/sleep complaints. Few studies have investigated sleep quality during the week days and weekends in relation to the circadian typology using self-assessment questionnaires or actigraphy. The purpose of this study was to use actigraphy to assess the relationship between the three chronotypes and the circadian rhythm of activity levels and to determine whether sleep parameters respond differently with respect to time (weekdays versus the weekend) in Morning-types (M-types), Neither-types (N-types) and Evening-types (E-types). The morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ) was administered to 502 college students to determine their chronotypes. Fifty subjects (16 M-types, 15 N-types and 19 E-types) were recruited to undergo a 7-days monitoring period with an actigraph (Actiwacth® actometers, CNT, Cambridge, UK) to evaluate their sleep parameters and the circadian rhythm of their activity levels. To compare the amplitude and the acrophase among the three chronotypes, we used a one-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey-Kramer post-hoc test. To compare the Midline Estimating Statistic of Rhythm (MESOR) among the three chronotypes, we used a Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test followed by pairwise comparisons that were performed using Dunn's procedure with a Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. The analysis of each sleep parameter was conducted using the mixed ANOVA procedure. The results showed that the chronotype was influenced by sex (χ(2) with p = 0.011) and the photoperiod at birth (χ(2) with p sleep parameters: Sleep end, Assumed Sleep, Immobility Time and Sleep Efficiency. Sleep Efficiency showed the same patterns as did Assumed Sleep and Immobility Time: the Sleep

  10. [The structure of the nourishment of preschoolers during the weekend (short report)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapeshkina, N V

    2014-01-01

    To study the feeding of 190 children aged 3-7 years attending 4 preschool educational institutions in the city Mezhdurechensk, Kemerovo region, at home on weekends questionnaires were conducted by the parents. Studies have shown that multiple meals in 57% of children was 5 times a day, 43% of children--4 times a day, including snacks; 97% of children have at breakfast main dish, drinks and sandwiches and only 3% of children have breakfast that did not meet standards for structure and was insufficient and inadequate to cover subsistence expenses of energy, because consisted of a sandwich and a drink. Only 7% of preschooler's lunch met recommendations on its structure and included the first, main dish, salad and drink, lunch of 93% of children included only one hot dish (first course, or the second). Dinner in volume, compared with the recommended standards, was redundant on average 57% of preschoolers since consisted of sandwiches, salad, meat dish and side, drink. Children's snacking during the day included the following suite of products: sandwiches (with sausage, cheese, butter), tea with sweets (candies, chocolate), fermented milk drink, fruits. When examining the frequency of meals during the day on weekends, there is a tendency to use the same dishes (what children ate for lunch, they eat at dinner on the same day, and then for breakfast on Sunday). The study of the structure of meals in pre-school children at home during the days of the week (evening meal) found that in most cases (67.8%) their dinner was irrational, the structure was identical to the structure of the adults of the family (fried dishes: fried pies, fried potatoes, sodas). Irrationally organized meals for children at the weekend showed inadequate knowledge of parents on the healthy diet for their child at home.

  11. A Retrospective Evaluation of Critical Care Blood Culture Yield – Do Support Services Contribute to the “Weekend Effect”?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Ben; Nagaraja, Shankara; Collins, Andrea; Pennington, Shaun H.; Blakey, John D.

    2015-01-01

    Background The “weekend effect” describes an increase in adverse outcomes for patients admitted at the weekend. Critical care units have moved to higher intensity working patterns to address this with some improved outcomes. However, support services have persisted with traditional working patterns. Blood cultures are an essential diagnostic tool for patients with sepsis but yield is dependent on sampling technique and processing. We therefore used blood culture yield as a surrogate for the quality of support service provision. We hypothesized that blood culture yields would be lower over the weekend as a consequence of reduced support services. Methods We performed a retrospective observational study examining 1575 blood culture samples in a university hospital critical care unit over a one-year period. Results Patients with positive cultures had, on average, higher APACHE II scores (p = 0.015), longer durations of stay (p = 0.03), required more renal replacement therapy (p<0.001) and had higher mortality (p = 0.024). Blood culture yield decreased with repeated sampling with an increased proportion of contaminants. Blood cultures were 26.7% less likely to be positive if taken at the weekend (p = 0.0402). This effect size is the equivalent to the impact of sampling before and after antibiotic administration. Conclusions Our study demonstrates that blood culture yield is lower at the weekend. This is likely caused by delays or errors in incubation and processing, reflecting the reduced provision of support services at the weekend. Reorganization of services to address the “weekend effect” should acknowledge the interdependent nature of healthcare service delivery. PMID:26492559

  12. A Retrospective Evaluation of Critical Care Blood Culture Yield - Do Support Services Contribute to the "Weekend Effect"?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Morton

    Full Text Available The "weekend effect" describes an increase in adverse outcomes for patients admitted at the weekend. Critical care units have moved to higher intensity working patterns to address this with some improved outcomes. However, support services have persisted with traditional working patterns. Blood cultures are an essential diagnostic tool for patients with sepsis but yield is dependent on sampling technique and processing. We therefore used blood culture yield as a surrogate for the quality of support service provision. We hypothesized that blood culture yields would be lower over the weekend as a consequence of reduced support services.We performed a retrospective observational study examining 1575 blood culture samples in a university hospital critical care unit over a one-year period.Patients with positive cultures had, on average, higher APACHE II scores (p = 0.015, longer durations of stay (p = 0.03, required more renal replacement therapy (p<0.001 and had higher mortality (p = 0.024. Blood culture yield decreased with repeated sampling with an increased proportion of contaminants. Blood cultures were 26.7% less likely to be positive if taken at the weekend (p = 0.0402. This effect size is the equivalent to the impact of sampling before and after antibiotic administration.Our study demonstrates that blood culture yield is lower at the weekend. This is likely caused by delays or errors in incubation and processing, reflecting the reduced provision of support services at the weekend. Reorganization of services to address the "weekend effect" should acknowledge the interdependent nature of healthcare service delivery.

  13. A ‘busy day’ effect on perinatal complications of delivery on weekends: a retrospective cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Jonathan M; Kozhimannil, Katy Backes; Muoto, Ifeoma; Caughey, Aaron B; McConnell, K John

    2017-01-01

    Objective To evaluate whether busy days on a labour and delivery unit are associated with maternal and neonatal complications of childbirth in California hospitals, accounting for weekday/weekend births. Design This is a population-based retrospective cohort study. Setting Linked vital statistics/patient discharge data for California births between 2009 and 2010 from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. Participants All singleton, cephalic, non-anomalous California births between 2009 and 2010 (N=724 967). Main outcomes The key exposure was high daily obstetric volume, defined as giving birth on a day when the number of births exceeded the hospital-specific 75th percentile of daily delivery volume. Outcomes were a range of maternal and neonatal complications. Results Several maternal and neonatal complications were increased on high-volume days and weekends following adjustment for maternal demographics, annual hospital birth volume and teaching hospital status. For example, compared with low-volume weekdays, the odds of Apgar <7 on low-volume weekend days and high-volume weekend days were 11% (adjusted OR (aOR) 1.11, CI 1.03 to 1.21) and 29% higher (aOR 1.29, CI 1.10 to 1.52), respectively. High volume was associated with increased odds of neonatal seizures on weekdays (aOR 1.33, CI 1.01 to 1.71) and haemorrhage on weekends (aOR 1.11, CI 1.01 to 1.22). After accounting for between-hospital variation, weekend delivery remained significantly associated with increased odds of Apgar score <7, neonatal intensive care unit admission, prolonged maternal length of stay and the odds of neonatal seizures remained increased on high-volume weekdays. Conclusions Our findings suggest that weekend delivery is a consistent risk factor for a range of perinatal complications and there may be variability in how well hospitals handle surges in volume. PMID:27472947

  14. The effect of weekend and after-hours surgery on morbidity and mortality rates in pediatric neurosurgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, Virendra; Gonda, David; Ryan, Sheila L; Briceño, Valentina; Lam, Sandi K; Luerssen, Thomas G; Syed, Sohail H; Jea, Andrew

    2015-12-01

    Several studies have indicated that the 30-day morbidity and mortality risks are higher among pediatric and adult patients who are admitted on the weekends. This "weekend effect" has been observed among patients admitted with and for a variety of diagnoses and procedures, including myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, stroke, peptic ulcer disease, and pediatric surgery. In this study, morbidity and mortality outcomes for emergency pediatric neurosurgical procedures carried out on the weekend or after hours are compared with emergency surgical procedures performed during regular weekday business hours. A retrospective analysis of operative data was conducted. Between December 1, 2011, and August 20, 2014, a total of 710 urgent or emergency neurosurgical procedures were performed at Texas Children's Hospital in children younger than than 18 years of age. These procedures were then stratified into 3 groups: weekday regular hours, weekday after hours, and weekend hours. By cross-referencing these events with a prospectively collected morbidity and mortality database, the impact of the day and time on complication incidence was examined. Outcome metrics were compared using logistic regression models. The weekday regular hours and after-hours (weekday after hours and weekends) surgery groups consisted of 341 and 239 patients and 434 and 276 procedures, respectively. There were no significant differences in the types of cases performed (p = 0.629) or baseline preoperative health status as determined by American Society of Anesthesiologists classifications (p = 0.220) between the 2 cohorts. After multivariate adjustment and regression, children undergoing emergency neurosurgical procedures during weekday after hours or weekends were more likely to experience complications (p = 0.0227). Weekday after-hours and weekend emergency pediatric neurosurgical procedures are associated with significantly increased 30-day morbidity and

  15. CERN Summer Student Webfest: a weekend for science and creativity | 29 - 31 July 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Are you passionate about science? Do you like communicating that passion to the general public? Then come along to the CERN Summer Student Webfest on the weekend of 29-31 July! It is a grassroots initiative, open to all, that aims to spark new ideas that could innovate the future of web-based education about CERN, the LHC, particle physics, humanitarian matters and health.   The CERN Summer Student Webfest is a weekend of online web-based creativity modelled on the gatherings (sometimes called hackfests or hackathons) that energize many open-source communities. Participants will work in teams and design neat applications that encourage the public to learn more about science. The projects can range from designing online games for kids to crafting citizen science projects and developing low-cost mobile-phone-based cosmic ray detectors. You do not have to be a software or hardware expert to contribute: many types of skill sets are needed to develop a fun project, from writing and designing ...

  16. Prognosis and treatment in patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction on weekends and weekdays from 1997 to 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Wadt; Hvelplund, Anders; Abildstrøm, Steen Zabell

    2012-01-01

    using proportional hazards Cox regression. RESULTS: Mortality rates were higher on weekends within seven days of admission in 1997-99 (absolute difference ranging from 0.8 to 1.1%). Weekend-weekday hazard-ratios were 1.13 (1.03-1.23) at day 2 and 1.10 (1.01-1.18) at day 7. There were no significant...... differences in 2000-09 and estimates suggested an attenuation of the initial 'weekend-effect'. Overall, the use of coronary angiography (34.9% vs. 72.3%) and percutaneous coronary intervention (6.6% vs. 51.0%) within 30days increased, as did the use of statins (49.9% vs. 80.1%.) and clopidogrel (26.7% vs. 72...

  17. Additional weekend therapy may reduce length of rehabilitation stay after stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Coralie; Shields, Nora; Brusco, Natasha K; Taylor, Nicholas F; Watts, Jennifer J; Peiris, Casey; Bernhardt, Julie; Crotty, Maria; Esterman, Adrian; Segal, Leonie; Hillier, Susan

    2016-07-01

    Among people receiving inpatient rehabilitation after stroke, does additional weekend physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy reduce the length of rehabilitation hospital stay compared to those who receive a weekday-only service, and does this change after controlling for individual factors? Does additional weekend therapy improve the ability to walk and perform activities of daily living, measured at discharge? Does additional weekend therapy improve health-related quality of life, measured 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation? Which individual, clinical and hospital characteristics are associated with shorter length of rehabilitation hospital stay? This study pooled individual data from two randomised, controlled trials (n=350) using an individual patient data meta-analysis and multivariate regression. People with stroke admitted to inpatient rehabilitation facilities. Additional weekend therapy (physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy) compared to usual care (5 days/week therapy). Length of rehabilitation hospital stay, independence in activities of daily living measured with the Functional Independence Measure, walking speed and health-related quality of life. Participants who received weekend therapy had a shorter length of rehabilitation hospital stay. In the un-adjusted analysis, this was not statistically significant (MD -5.7 days, 95% CI -13.0 to 1.5). Controlling for hospital site, age, walking speed and Functional Independence Measure score on admission, receiving weekend therapy was significantly associated with a shorter length of rehabilitation hospital stay (β=7.5, 95% CI 1.7 to 13.4, p=0.001). There were no significant between-group differences in Functional Independence Measure scores (MD 1.9 points, 95% CI -2.8 to 6.6), walking speed (MD 0.06 m/second, 95% CI -0.15 to 0.04) or health-related quality of life (SMD -0.04, 95% CI -0.26 to 0.19) at discharge. Modest evidence indicates that additional weekend therapy might reduce

  18. Additional weekend therapy may reduce length of rehabilitation stay after stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coralie English

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Questions: Among people receiving inpatient rehabilitation after stroke, does additional weekend physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy reduce the length of rehabilitation hospital stay compared to those who receive a weekday-only service, and does this change after controlling for individual factors? Does additional weekend therapy improve the ability to walk and perform activities of daily living, measured at discharge? Does additional weekend therapy improve health-related quality of life, measured 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation? Which individual, clinical and hospital characteristics are associated with shorter length of rehabilitation hospital stay? Design: This study pooled individual data from two randomised, controlled trials (n = 350 using an individual patient data meta-analysis and multivariate regression. Participants: People with stroke admitted to inpatient rehabilitation facilities. Intervention: Additional weekend therapy (physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy compared to usual care (5 days/week therapy. Outcome measures: Length of rehabilitation hospital stay, independence in activities of daily living measured with the Functional Independence Measure, walking speed and health-related quality of life. Results: Participants who received weekend therapy had a shorter length of rehabilitation hospital stay. In the un-adjusted analysis, this was not statistically significant (MD –5.7 days, 95% CI –13.0 to 1.5. Controlling for hospital site, age, walking speed and Functional Independence Measure score on admission, receiving weekend therapy was significantly associated with a shorter length of rehabilitation hospital stay (β = 7.5, 95% CI 1.7 to 13.4, p = 0.001. There were no significant between-group differences in Functional Independence Measure scores (MD 1.9 points, 95% CI –2.8 to 6.6, walking speed (MD 0.06 m/second, 95% CI –0.15 to 0.04 or health-related quality of life (SMD –0.04, 95% CI

  19. Interventions on central computing services during the weekend of 21 and 22 August

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As part of the planned upgrade of the computer centre infrastructure to meet the LHC computing needs, approximately 150 servers, hosting in particular the NICE home directories, Mail services and Web services, will need to be physically relocated to another part of the computing hall during the weekend of the 21 and 22 August. On Saturday 21 August, starting from 8:30a.m. interruptions of typically 60 minutes will take place on the following central computing services: NICE and the whole Windows infrastructure, Mail services, file services (including home directories and DFS workspaces), Web services, VPN access, Windows Terminal Services. During any interruption, incoming mail from outside CERN will be queued and delivered as soon as the service is operational again. All Services should be available again on Saturday 21 at 17:30 but a few additional interruptions will be possible after that time and on Sunday 22 August. IT Department

  20. Weekend settlements: The case of Sićevačka gorge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinović Marija

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present an analysis of the impact of an intensive process of building rest and recreation houses and the establishment of settlements in the Sićevačka gorge, Serbia, from the 1960s to the beginning of the 20th, century. The analysis is based on field research conducted in 2001/2002nd, as well as official statistical data. In this paper, settlements are defined by their spatial distribution, characteristics of the local position within the existing territory (Atari, and basic trends in development and advanced geospatial changes. Special attention is devoted to the consideration of how the density of temporary settlements (weekend has impacted the permanent (continuous population as well as the territorial and population development of existing rural settlements. .

  1. Survey questions about sleep duration: does asking separately about weekdays and weekends matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauderdale, Diane S

    2014-03-04

    There is no standard way to ask about sleep duration in surveys, and little is known about the comparability of different questions. This article reports on a randomized survey experiment designed to test 1 type of variation: 1 question about usual sleep hours versus 2 questions separately asking about weekday and weekend sleep. Mean sleep duration was significantly shorter (7.03 hr vs. 7.28 hr) for the single question than a weighted average from 2 questions, and race and ethnicity contrasts differed by question format. Correlations between sleep duration and reported sleep need were significantly higher for the 2-question format. These results demonstrate that question wording can affect reported sleep duration in complicated ways, making it difficult to compare studies that use different questions.

  2. Diet quality is lower and energy intake higher on weekends compared to weekdays in midlife women: A one-year cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background: Differences in energy and macronutrient intakes by weekday and weekend have been reported, but there are little data on differences in food group consumption and indices of diet quality. Objective: To describe dietary intake by day and on weekends compared to weekdays. Design: One-year c...

  3. Drinking to have fun and to get drunk: motives as predictors of weekend drinking over and above usual drinking habits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Cooper, M Lynne

    2010-08-01

    Most evidence on the motives-alcohol use link has come from cross-sectional research using retrospective assessments. It remains also to be demonstrated whether motives predict drinking in particular circumstances. In the present study, drinking motives assessed 2 weeks prior to a diary study were used to predict the number of drinks on weekend days as reported via short message service (SMS). Multilevel regression models were estimated based on 391 reports from 55 participants (mean age 22.7). The results revealed that enhancement motives but not gender, age, or social, coping, or conformity motives predicted weekend drinking over and above usual consumption. Consumption and motives together explained more than three-quarters of the inter-individual variance in weekend drinking. To conclude, this study points to a heavy episodic weekend drinking culture of young people who drink large quantities on Friday and Saturday nights apparently because they are seeking fun and excitement. Preventive measures should aim to counteract young people's drinking at peak times and in high-risk situations. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. When yesterday's consumption strikes back: Deviation from usual consumption inversely predicts amounts consumed the next weekend evening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Labhart, F.; Kuntsche, E.N.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction and Aims. Young adults' weekend alcohol consumption is characterised by heavy episodic drinking (HED) with low alcohol use in between. This study investigates whether consuming a lower or higher number of drinks than usual on a given evening predicts consumption the following evening. D

  5. Predicting Success for Nontraditional Students in an Afternoon and Evening/Weekend Associate Degree in Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Hernani Luison, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Mount St. Mary's College has offered a nontraditional Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) Program since 1992. The program has an afternoon and evening/weekend format. There has been one previous research study published in 2005 that described the student population that Mount St. Mary's College serves. This present study will examine the…

  6. SWAT (Student Weekend Arborist Team): A Model for Land Grant Institutions and Cooperative Extension Systems to Conduct Street Tree Inventories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowett, F.D.; Bassuk, N.L.

    2012-01-01

    SWAT (Student Weekend Arborist Team) is a program affiliated with Cornell University and Extension founded to conduct street tree inventories in New York State communities with 10,000 residents or fewer, a group of communities underserved in community forestry planning. Between 2002 and 2010, SWAT conducted 40 inventories, and data from these…

  7. Predicting Success for Nontraditional Students in an Afternoon and Evening/Weekend Associate Degree in Nursing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledesma, Hernani Luison, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Mount St. Mary's College has offered a nontraditional Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) Program since 1992. The program has an afternoon and evening/weekend format. There has been one previous research study published in 2005 that described the student population that Mount St. Mary's College serves. This present study will examine the…

  8. Diversity and Similarity of Anesthesia Procedures in the United States During and Among Regular Work Hours, Evenings, and Weekends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, Franklin; Epstein, Richard H; Dutton, Richard P; Kordylewski, Hubert; Ledolter, Johannes; Rosenberg, Henry; Hindman, Bradley J

    2016-12-01

    Anesthesiologists providing care during off hours (ie, weekends or holidays, or cases started during the evening or late afternoon) are more likely to care for patients at greater risk of sustaining major adverse events than when they work during regular hours (eg, Monday through Friday, from 7:00 AM to 2:59 PM). We consider the logical inconsistency of using subspecialty teams during regular hours but not during weekends or evenings. We analyzed data from the Anesthesia Quality Institute's National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry (NACOR). Among the hospitals in the United States, we estimated the average number of common types of anesthesia procedures (ie, diversity measured as inverse of Herfindahl index), and the average difference in the number of common procedures between 2 off-hours periods (regular hours versus weekends, and regular hours versus evenings). We also used NACOR data to estimate the average similarity in the distributions of procedures between regular hours and weekends and between regular hours and evenings in US facilities. Results are reported as mean ± standard error of the mean among 399 facilities nationwide with weekend cases. The distributions of common procedures were moderately similar (ie, not large, 2x the number of common procedures calculated by facility). The numbers of procedures commonly performed at most facilities are fewer in number than those that are commonly performed nationally. Thus, decisions on anesthesia specialization should be based on quantitative analysis of local data rather than national recommendations using pooled data. By facility, the number of different procedures that take place during regular hours and off hours (diversity) is essentially the same, but there is only moderate similarity in the procedures performed. Thus, at many facilities, anesthesiologists who work principally within a single specialty during regular work hours will likely not have substantial contemporary experience with many

  9. Drinking with mixed-gender groups is associated with heavy weekend drinking among young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrul, Johannes; Labhart, Florian; Kuntsche, Emmanuel

    2017-03-01

    To investigate how gender composition of the drinking group affects young adults' alcohol consumption on weekend evenings over and above the effect of drinking-group size. Using the internet-based cellphone-optimized assessment technique (ICAT), participants completed online questionnaires on their cell phones every hour from 8 p.m. to midnight on Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings during five consecutive weekends. French-speaking Switzerland. Convenience sample of 183 young adults (53.0% female, mean age = 23.1) who completed a total of 4141 hourly assessments. Alcohol consumption and number of male and female friends present assessed at 8 p.m., 9 p.m., 10 p.m., 11 p.m. and midnight. Results of three-level negative binomial regression analyses showed that women consumed significantly more drinks per hour when drinking in mixed-gender groups (Z-values ranging from 2.9 to 5.3, all P < 0.01) and significantly fewer drinks when drinking with men only (Z = -2.7, P < 0.01), compared with drinking with women only. Men reported consuming more drinks per hour in mixed-gender groups of equal gender composition (Z = 2.4, P < 0.05) or mixed-gender groups with men in the majority (Z = 2.2, P < 0.05) and fewer hourly drinks when drinking with women only (Z = -4.9, P < 0.001), compared with drinking with men only. Drinking-group size predicted the hourly number of drinks for women (Z = 6.0, P < 0.001) and men (Z = 5.5, P < 0.001). Drinking-group gender composition is associated with number of drinks consumed per hour, over and above the impact of the drinking-group size. Young adults report consuming more drinks per hour when drinking with mixed-gender groups than with same-gender groups. © 2016 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  10. Differences in Spatial Physical Activity Patterns between Weekdays and Weekends in Primary School Children: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Accelerometry and Global Positioning System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahel Bürgi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Targeting the weekend to promote physical activity (PA in children seems to be promising given that they tend to be less physically active and, particularly, as the age-related decline in PA is more marked during weekends. Considering the ambiguity of why children are not able to maintain their PA level on weekends, the aim of the present study was to objectively investigate differences in children’s spatial PA patterns between week and weekend days using the combination of Global Positioning System (GPS and accelerometry. Seventy-four second graders (aged 7–9 years and 98 sixth graders (aged 11–14 years wore an accelerometer and GPS sensor for seven consecutive days to determine where children spend time and engage in PA. Time-matched accelerometer and GPS data was mapped with a geographic information system and multilevel analyses accounting for the hierarchical structure of the data were conducted. Differences between weekdays and weekends regarding the total time spent and the absolute and relative level of PA in various settings were found in both age groups. The findings support previous research pointing to the importance of targeting weekend PA, especially when children grow older. Future interventions should encourage children to use outdoor spaces more frequently on weekends, rather than stay at home, and to commute actively to destinations other than school.

  11. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE : First two week-ends in September, 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee, tel. 77551

    2001-01-01

    Saturday / Sunday, September 1st / 2nd Restaurant no 1 (COOP - building 501, Meyrin site) will be closed exceptionally during the week-end of 1 and 2 September 2001. In order to ensure the continuity of a restaurant service, restaurant no 2 (DSR - building 504, Meyrin site) will be open on both the Saturday and Sunday between 8h00 and 21h00, hot meals being served from 11h30 to 14h00, then from 18h00 to 19h30. 'Jeûne Genevois' On Thursday 6 September 2001, all restaurants, cafétérias and kiosques will be closed except for restaurant no. 1 and its cafétéria (COOP - building 50 - Meyrin) which will provide a limited service from 8h00 to 21h00. Hot meals will be served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. For technical reasons, restaurant no. 2 and its cafétéria (DSR - building 504 - Meyrin) as well as the cafétérias in buildings 30 and 54 will remain closed on Friday 7 September. They will resume their norm...

  12. "Weekend-effect" evidence for intensification of storms by pollution over U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, T. L.; Rosenfeld, D.; Kim, K.-M.; Hahnenberger, M.

    2006-01-01

    Aerosols change the way precipitating clouds evolve, due to their effect on condensation and ice formation. The net effect of aerosols on precipitation varies depending on the local environment and synoptic situation, the types of aerosols, and also on how far downstream one looks for effects. Repeated experiments with controlled release of aerosols would be helpful in unraveling how aerosols affect precipitation. The weekly variation in human activity may provide just such a set of experiments. Using the rainfall estimates from the passive microwave instrument on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), which has been orbiting for over eight years and can view areas as far north as about 40 degs, we find that there is indeed a weekly variation in summer (JJA) rainfall over the southeastern U.S. land area, with the average rain rate peaking in the middle of the week (Tue-Thu). Rainfall over nearby oceanic areas, on the other hand, seems to peak on weekends. A bootstrap statistical test indicates that the variations are unlikely to be due to chance. Physically related weekly variations in the statistics of ground-based measurements and model reanalysis data are found. The midweek peak in rainfall over land coincides with the well documented midweek peak in pollution around much of the U.S., and is unlikely to be due to other weekly variations in human influence. The midweek increase is also unlikely to be a consequence of the radiative heating or cooling of the atmosphere by the aerosols.

  13. Preventing physician quality of life from impinging on patient quality of care:Weakening the weekend effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marc D Basson

    2007-01-01

    Imprecise or delayed care can reflect many factors,including straightforward difficulties in physician judgment and false negative tests. However, the movement toward decreasing physician work hours also leads to delays in care caused by inadequate staffing or inadequate communication between staffing, which must be addressed if quality of care is to remain high.The demonstration of delays in the management of anastomotic leaks over weekends or in association with false positive radiologic studies exemplifies this challenge.

  14. A qualitative study exploring the psychosocial value of weekend camping experiences for children and adolescents with complex heart defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, P P; Sutton, L J; Staley, M D; Hannon, D W

    2014-07-01

    Children living with complex heart defects (CHD) are likely to have ongoing social, emotional, physical, and health concerns, and are in need of additional psychosocial support. Summer camps can provide therapeutic benefits. Little research exists regarding the value of shorter camping experiences from the perspectives of children with CHD. The aim of our study was to explore what children and adolescents with CHD considered meaningful when attending a therapeutic camping weekend in the company of peers with similar medical diagnoses. Engaging a phenomenological approach we used participant generated photography and reflective semi-structured interviews to explore participants' lived experience and value derived from their weekend camping experiences. The study was completed with thirteen participants ranging in age from 9 to 16 years. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using Van Manen's guidelines. Three themes reflecting the camp experiences were generated from the data. Meaningful experiences spanned three outcomes which had some overlapping influences: (i) Developing relationships and feeling accepted by peers and counsellors at camp; (ii) Enjoying and learning during the weekend; and (iii) Experiencing the natural and human-built therapeutic environmental features of camp. The camping programme features, inputs, and processes as identified by the participants in contributing to these outcomes are described. This qualitative study showed that children living with complex CHD valued the opportunity for participating in weekend camping experiences in the company of peers with similar heart defects. Findings contribute to a better understanding of what programme features and processes were considered meaningful. Given the scarcity of resources to devote to such social support activities, the findings may help professionals to plan effective interventions to maximize benefits during a shorter camping experience. © 2013 John Wiley

  15. Daily variations in ambulance calls for selected causes in Arkhangelsk, Russia: potential role of excessive alcohol consumption on weekends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei N. Drachev

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To assess daily variations in ambulance calls for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs, mental and behavioral disorders, and external causes in Arkhangelsk, Northwest Russia, in 2000–2008. Study design. A population-based study. Methods. Data about all ambulance calls during the years 2000–2008 were obtained from the Arkhangelsk ambulance station. Information about patient's gender, age, doctor's diagnosis according to International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, and the date of call were recorded. Pearson's Chi-squared tests were used for comparing proportions of ambulance calls across the week for CVDs (I00-99, mental and behavioral disorders (F00-F99, and external causes (S00-T98, V01-Y98. The ratio of incidence of ambulance calls on Saturday, Sunday, and Monday versus the rest of week was also calculated. Results. There is a significant daily variation (p < 0.001 in calls for CVDs in men and women aged 18–59 and women aged 60 years and older, with increased numbers of calls on weekends and Mondays varying between 2 and 3% excess calls. For mental and behavioral disorders, a similar pattern was found in the age group of 18–59 year-olds. Ratios for the number of calls during weekends and Mondays vs. the rest of the week were 1.05 (95% CI: 1.02–1.08 among women and 1.02 (95% CI: 1.00–1.05 among men. For external causes, a significant variation and an increase in ambulance calls during Saturdays, Sundays, and Mondays from 4 to 17% excess calls was observed for both age and gender groups. Conclusions. The observed daily variations in ambulance calls with an increased number of calls on weekends and Mondays for CVDs, mental and behavioral disorders, and external causes may be associated with excessive alcohol consumption on the weekends. Further research using data on individual levels of alcohol consumption are warranted.

  16. Social and Physical Environmental Correlates of Adults’ Weekend Sitting Time and Moderating Effects of Retirement Status and Physical Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veerle Van Holle

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Emerging research suggests that prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB is detrimental to health. Changes in SB patterns are likely to occur during particular life stages, for example at retirement age (55–65-year-old. Evidence on socio-ecological SB correlates is scarce and inconsistent in this age group. Moreover, the influence of socio-ecological correlates may vary depending on health and retirement status. This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sitting among adults at or approaching retirement age, and moderating effects of perceived physical health and retirement status. Baseline data from the Wellbeing, Eating and Exercise for a Long Life study in 2839 Australian adults (55–65-year-old were analysed. Participants self-reported proximal social factors, neighbourhood social and physical environment, physical health and retirement status. MLwiN multilevel regression analyses were conducted. In the multivariable model, only social support from friends/colleagues to discourage sitting (B = −0.891; p = 0.036 was associated with overall weekend day sitting. No moderation of retirement status, nor physical health were found in the multivariable results. Results from this study suggest the importance of social factors in relation to weekend day sitting among 55–65-year-old adults. Health promotion initiatives in this age group should pay special attention to enhancing social interaction opportunities. Moreover, findings suggest that SB-specific correlates may need to be examined in future research.

  17. Social and physical environmental correlates of adults' weekend sitting time and moderating effects of retirement status and physical health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Holle, Veerle; McNaughton, Sarah A; Teychenne, Megan; Timperio, Anna; Van Dyck, Delfien; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Salmon, Jo

    2014-09-19

    Emerging research suggests that prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is detrimental to health. Changes in SB patterns are likely to occur during particular life stages, for example at retirement age (55-65-year-old). Evidence on socio-ecological SB correlates is scarce and inconsistent in this age group. Moreover, the influence of socio-ecological correlates may vary depending on health and retirement status. This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sitting among adults at or approaching retirement age, and moderating effects of perceived physical health and retirement status. Baseline data from the Wellbeing, Eating and Exercise for a Long Life study in 2839 Australian adults (55-65-year-old) were analysed. Participants self-reported proximal social factors, neighbourhood social and physical environment, physical health and retirement status. MLwiN multilevel regression analyses were conducted. In the multivariable model, only social support from friends/colleagues to discourage sitting (B = -0.891; p = 0.036) was associated with overall weekend day sitting. No moderation of retirement status, nor physical health were found in the multivariable results. Results from this study suggest the importance of social factors in relation to weekend day sitting among 55-65-year-old adults. Health promotion initiatives in this age group should pay special attention to enhancing social interaction opportunities. Moreover, findings suggest that SB-specific correlates may need to be examined in future research.

  18. Effects of work stress on work-related rumination, restful sleep, and nocturnal heart rate variability experienced on workdays and weekends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vahle-Hinz, Tim; Bamberg, Eva; Dettmers, Jan; Friedrich, Niklas; Keller, Monika

    2014-04-01

    The present study reports the lagged effects of work stress on work-related rumination, restful sleep, and nocturnal heart rate variability experienced during both workdays and weekends. Fifty employees participated in a diary study. Multilevel and regression analyses revealed a significant relationship between work stress measured at the end of a workday, work-related rumination measured during the evening, and restful sleep measured the following morning. Work stress, measured as the mean of 2 consecutive workdays, was substantially but not significantly related to restful sleep on weekends. Work stress was unrelated to nocturnal heart rate variability. Work-related rumination was related to restful sleep on weekends but not on workdays. Additionally, work-related rumination on weekends was positively related to nocturnal heart rate variability during the night between Saturday and Sunday. No mediation effects of work stress on restful sleep or nocturnal heart rate variability via work-related rumination were confirmed.

  19. Changes in behaviour and faecal glucocorticoid levels in response to increased human activities during weekends in the pin-tailed sandgrouse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Fabián; Benítez-López, Ana; Tarjuelo, Rocío; Barja, Isabel; Viñuela, Javier; García, Jesús T.; Morales, Manuel B.; Mougeot, Francois

    2016-12-01

    Human recreational activities are becoming increasingly widespread and frequent, a fact that may potentially exacerbate their effects on wildlife. These human-related disturbances on animals may induce behavioural and physiological changes that can ultimately affect their fitness, showing a similar anti-predator response that against natural predator or other threats. Here, we combine the use of behavioural and physiological approaches to assess the potential effect of winter human activities on a threatened farmland bird in Europe, the pin-tailed sandgrouse ( Pterocles alchata). We compared before, during and after weekend variations in human activity rates, pin-tailed sandgrouse behaviour (flocking and flying behaviour, interspecific association in mixed flocks and habitat use) and faecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations. Human disturbances, in particular those associated with hunting activities, peaked during weekends. Sandgrouse showed significant behavioural changes (increased sandgrouse-only flock sizes, increased proportion of birds flying and changes in habitat use) during weekends and higher faecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations after the weekends compared with during or before weekends. Therefore, physiological stress levels could be modulated by behavioural adjustments such as increased flock sizes and changes in habitat use that may allow sandgrouse to cope with increased human disturbance rates during weekends. Nevertheless, temporal and spatial organization of hunting days among groups of estates might be good strategies to buffer these potential adverse effects on wintering pin-tailed sandgrouse and other steppe species of conservation concern, while preserving a socio-economically important activity such as hunting.

  20. New York City International Polar Weekend at the American Museum of Natural History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfirman, S.; Turrin, M.; Macphee, R.

    2008-12-01

    The American Museum of Natural History, in partnership with Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Earth Institute of Columbia University and Barnard College, is featuring the International Polar Year through a New York City International Polar Weekend (NYC-IPW) in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The event showcases current polar research, polar environmental changes, history and culture during two days of family programs and activities, performances, and lectures. The goal of the NYC-IPW is to engage diverse audiences and enhance the public understanding of polar science, in particular IPY research, through close interactions with polar experts. Activities for the public include many disciplines, ranging from the physical sciences and cultural anthropology to music and art, and are presented in many forms, from lectures, panels and films to posters and play. Highlights of the NYC-IPW include: 1) A polar fair for youth and adults, showcasing scientists, artists, and educators who have worked at one or both poles and including many interactive exhibits featuring such topics as life in New York at the end of the last Ice Age, how Arctic sea ice is changing, and life on and under the ice. 2) Performances and presentations oriented towards children and families, including Inuit Throat Singers, Central Park Zoo Theater Group, and a northern lights show. 3) Lectures showcasing current IPY research and addressing such issues as the possible effects of climate change on the poles and the rest of the world, as well as polar poetry, art and film. 4) A partnership with New York City Urban Advantage program for Middle School students in the city to meet with scientists, teachers and students who had participated in polar research and travel. 5) Norwegian Consulate sponsorship of science presenters and Sami performers. The March 2007 event involved 85 presenters and volunteers from 22 institutions, and attracted ca. 3,500 visitors. Approximately 5,000 visitors attended the February 2008

  1. The Development of Thung Fa Bot Weekend Market into Cultural Tourism Attraction in San Pa Tong District, Chiang Mai Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuwanatwichit Thongchai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate for the socio-cultural and economic context, along with the issues of tourism potentiality of Thung Fa Bot weekend market into the cultural tourism attraction in San Pa Tong District, Chiang Mai Province. A study was created containing Mixed Methodology Research. The data collection was focus group and in-depth interviews from the target population and questionnaires of stakeholders. The study was determined that context of socio-cultural and economic structure,which was relying on farming in the past. The potentiality level to be the cultural tourist attraction in overall was moderate.the aspect of tourist Attraction and Spirit of a community were in high level. On the other hand Accessibility, Activities and Participation civil organizations were in moderate level. There were only the Amenities and Ancillary Services had shown on low level. The results suggested the need to develop its potentiality of cultural tourist attraction in [1] Amenities and Ancillary Services management at the tourist spots and tourism promoting and [2] Linking network with government agencies, private sectors, and communities to join in tourism management in order to enlarge Thung Fha Bod Weekend Market becoming the greater cultural tourism attraction for the tourists.

  2. Differences between Weekday and Weekend Air Pollutant Levels in Atlanta; Baltimore; Chicago; Dallas-Fort Worth; Denver; Houston; New York; Phoenix; Washington, DC; and Surrounding Areas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, C. L.; Tanenbaum, S.; Lawson, D. R.

    2008-12-01

    We evaluated day-of-week differences in mean concentrations of ozone (O3) precursors (nitric oxide NO), nitrogen oxides NOx, carbon monoxide CO, and volatile organic compounds VOCs at monitoring sites in 23 states comprising seven geographic focus areas over the period 1998- 2003. Data for VOC measurements were available for six metropolitan areas in five regions. We used Wednesdays to represent weekdays and Sundays to represent weekends; we also analyzed Saturdays. At many sites, NO, NOx, and CO mean concentrations decreased at all individual hours from 6:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on Sundays compared with corresponding Wednesday means. Statistically significant (p 0.01) weekend decreases in ambient concentrations were observed for 92% of NOx sites, 89% of CO sites, and 23% of VOC sites. Nine-hour (6:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.) mean concentrations of NO, NOx, CO, and VOCs declined by 65, 49, 28, and 19%, respectively, from Wednesdays to Sundays (median site responses). Despite the large reductions in ambient NOx and moderate reductions in ambient CO and VOC concentrations on weekends, ozone and particulate matter (PM) nitrate did not exhibit large changes from weekdays to weekends. The median differences between Wednesday and Sunday mean ozone concentrations at all monitoring sites ranged from 3% higher on Sundays for peak 8-hr concentrations determined from all monitoring days to 3.8% lower on Sundays for peak 1-hr concentrations on extreme-ozone days. Eighty-three percent of the sites did not show statistically significant differences between Wednesday and weekend mean concentrations of peak ozone. Statistically significant weekend ozone decreases occurred at 6% of the sites and significant increases occurred at 11% of the sites. Average PM nitrate concentrations were 2.6% lower on Sundays than on Wednesdays. Statistically significant Sunday PM nitrate decreases occurred at one site and significant increases occurred at seven sites.

  3. Symptomatic or prophylactic treatment of weekend migraine: an open-label, nonrandomized, comparison study of frovatriptan versus naproxen sodium versus no therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guidotti M

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mario Guidotti,1 Caterina Barrilà,1 Serena Leva,1 Claudio De Piazza,1 Stefano Omboni21Department of Neurology, Valduce Hospital, Como, 2Italian Institute of Telemedicine, Varese, ItalyBackground: Migraine often occurs during weekends. The efficacy of frovatriptan, naproxen sodium, or no therapy for the acute or prophylactic treatment of weekend migraineurs was tested in an open-label, nonrandomized pilot study.Methods: Twenty-eight subjects (mean age 36 ± 12 years, including 18 females suffering from migraine without aura were followed up for six consecutive weekends. No treatment was administered during the first two weekends. On the third and fourth weekends, patients were given frovatriptan 2.5 mg and on the fifth and sixth weekends naproxen sodium 500 mg. Treatment was taken on Saturday and Sunday morning, regardless of the occurrence of migraine. Efficacy was evaluated through a diary, where patients reported the severity of migraine on a scale from 0 (no migraine to 10 (severe migraine and use of rescue medication.Results: The migraine severity score was significantly lower with frovatriptan (4.8 [95% confidence interval (CI 3.8–5.9] than with naproxen sodium (5.7 [CI 5.1–6.4], P < 0.05 versus frovatriptan or no therapy (6.6 [6.2–7.0], P < 0.01 versus frovatriptan. The difference in favor of frovatriptan was more striking in patients not taking rescue medication (frovatriptan, 1.9 [1.5–2.3] versus naproxen sodium 3.6 [3.0–4.2], P < 0.001 and versus no therapy (5.1 [4.4–5.8], P < 0.001 and on the second day of treatment. The rate of use of rescue medication was significantly (P < 0.05 lower on frovatriptan (12.5% than on naproxen sodium (31.3% or no therapy (56.3%.Conclusion: This pilot study provides the first evidence of the efficacy of a second-generation triptan as symptomatic or prophylactic treatment for weekend migraine.Keywords: migraine, frovatriptan, naproxen sodium, weekend

  4. Facilitating the transition to practice: a weekend retreat curriculum for business-of-medicine education of United States anesthesiology residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holak, Elena J; Kaslow, Olga; Pagel, Paul S

    2010-10-01

    Anesthesiology residents in the United States (US) not only must develop the clinical skills needed to provide independent patient care, but also are required to become familiar with the business aspects of the modern health care system. Unfortunately, practice management education may be inadequate during anesthesiology residency training. The authors describe the design and implementation of a weekend retreat curriculum in business-of-medicine education for anesthesiology residents. Experts were recruited to discuss interviewing skills, contract law and negotiation, billing and reimbursement, insurance, malpractice, and financial planning. A strict lecture didactic format was avoided, and presentations were designed to encourage speaker-audience interaction. The program was relatively simple to design and implement, satisfied several Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education core competencies for US anesthesiology education, may be altered as practice management evolves, and may be adapted to accommodate the needs of programs in other countries.

  5. Is there a weekend bias in clutch-initiation dates from citizen science? Implications for studies of avian breeding phenology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Caren B.

    2014-09-01

    Accurate phenology data, such as the timing of migration and reproduction, is important for understanding how climate change influences birds. Given contradictory findings among localized studies regarding mismatches in timing of reproduction and peak food supply, broader-scale information is needed to understand how whole species respond to environmental change. Citizen science—participation of the public in genuine research—increases the geographic scale of research. Recent studies, however, showed weekend bias in reported first-arrival dates for migratory songbirds in databases created by citizen-science projects. I investigated whether weekend bias existed for clutch-initiation dates for common species in US citizen-science projects. Participants visited nests on Saturdays more frequently than other days. When participants visited nests during the laying stage, biased timing of visits did not translate into bias in estimated clutch-initiation dates, based on back-dating with the assumption of one egg laid per day. Participants, however, only visited nests during the laying stage for 25 % of attempts of cup-nesting species and 58 % of attempts in nest boxes. In some years, in lieu of visit data, participants provided their own estimates of clutch-initiation dates and were asked "did you visit the nest during the laying period?" Those participants who answered the question provided estimates of clutch-initiation dates with no day-of-week bias, irrespective of their answer. Those who did not answer the question were more likely to estimate clutch initiation on a Saturday. Data from citizen-science projects are useful in phenological studies when temporal biases can be checked and corrected through protocols and/or analytical methods.

  6. Nothing good ever happens after midnight : observed exposure and alcohol use during weekend nights among young male drivers carrying passengers in a late licensing country

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houwing, S. & Twisk, D.A.M.

    2014-01-01

    Similar to other countries, also in the Netherlands young male drivers (ages between 18 and 24 years) are overrepresented in crashes during weekend nights, thereby fatally injuring one or more of their passengers. This overrepresentation may be due to two contributing factors: (a) a higher

  7. "Drop-Outs" or "Heritage Learners"? Competing Mentalities of Governmentality and Invested Meanings at a Weekend Japanese Language School in the USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerr, Neriko Musha; Lee, Kiri

    2012-01-01

    Based on fieldwork at a weekend Japanese language school in the USA in 2007-2009, this article illustrates the ways in which different regimes of government arise from an activity depending on meanings individuals invest in it. We examine how two students in the same classroom experienced two different regimes of government: one of a low-track…

  8. Heritage Language Education without Inheriting Hegemonic Ideologies: Shifting Perspectives on "Korea" in a Weekend Japanese-Language School in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerr, Neriko Musha; Lee, Kiri

    2016-01-01

    Learning a heritage language can be celebrated to enhance marginalized groups' self-esteem, but a heritage can also encompass ideologies prevalent in the groups' original homeland. Based on ethnographic fieldwork (2007-2011) at a weekend Japanese-language school in the United States, this article investigates how ideologies on race politics…

  9. Does School-Based Health Promotion Affect Physical Activity on Weekends? And, Does It Reach Those Students Most in Need of Health Promotion?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry A Bastian

    Full Text Available To determine whether a school-based health promotion program affects children's weekend physical activity and whether this effect varies according to socioeconomic-status.This was a quasi-experimental trial of school-based programs on physical activity levels implemented in disadvantaged neighborhoods in Alberta, Canada. In 2009 and 2011, 7 full days of pedometer data were collected from cross-sectional samples of grade 5 students (age 10-11 years from 10 intervention schools in low-socioeconomic neighbourhoods and 20 comparison schools in middle-socioeconomic neighbourhoods. Multilevel models assessed differences in step-counts between intervention and comparison groups over-time by weight (objectively measured and socioeconomic status subgroups.In 2009, children from intervention schools were less active on weekends relative to comparison schools (9212 vs. 11186 steps/day p<0.01. Two years later, daily step-counts on weekend days among children in low socioeconomic intervention schools increased such that they approximated those of children from middle socioeconomic comparison schools (12148 vs. 12121 steps/day p = 0.96. The relative difference in steps between intervention and comparison schools on weekends reduced from -21.4% to 0.2% following the intervention. The normalization of weekend step counts was similar for normal weight (-21.4% to +2.0% and overweight (-19.1 to +3.9% children, and was balanced across socioeconomic subgroups.These data suggest that school-based health promotion is effective for reducing inequities in physical activity levels outside school hours. Investments in school-based health promotion lead to behavior modification beyond the school environment.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01914185.

  10. The Weekend Effect for Precipitation Over Eastern U.S.: Evidence for Midweek Storm Intensification by Pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Every week the U.S. population carries out a climate-change experiment by varying their activities with the day of the week. It is well documented that pollution levels vary on a weekly basis. Particulate aerosol pollution is generally a maximum in the middle of the week and a minimum on weekends. It is also well known that aerosols can affect precipitation, although whether they suppress or enhance storm development depends on many factors. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite has provided evidence that rain statistics change with the day of the week over the southeast U.S. and neighboring waters during the summer months (JJA) of 1998-2005. There is a midweek increase in both rain area and intensity over land, and a midweek decrease over the nearby Atlantic and perhaps the Gulf of Mexico. Statistical tests suggest that the weekly variations are very unlikely to be due to the random behavior of weather. We will discuss the TRMM evidence. Wind data from model reanalysis, rain-gauge data, and TRMM radar data all appear to be consistent with the picture that aerosols are causing summertime storms to grow more vigorously and to produce more rainfall.

  11. Does School-Based Health Promotion Affect Physical Activity on Weekends? And, Does It Reach Those Students Most in Need of Health Promotion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastian, Kerry A; Maximova, Katerina; McGavock, Jonathan; Veugelers, Paul

    2015-01-01

    To determine whether a school-based health promotion program affects children's weekend physical activity and whether this effect varies according to socioeconomic-status. This was a quasi-experimental trial of school-based programs on physical activity levels implemented in disadvantaged neighborhoods in Alberta, Canada. In 2009 and 2011, 7 full days of pedometer data were collected from cross-sectional samples of grade 5 students (age 10-11 years) from 10 intervention schools in low-socioeconomic neighbourhoods and 20 comparison schools in middle-socioeconomic neighbourhoods. Multilevel models assessed differences in step-counts between intervention and comparison groups over-time by weight (objectively measured) and socioeconomic status subgroups. In 2009, children from intervention schools were less active on weekends relative to comparison schools (9212 vs. 11186 steps/day pchildren in low socioeconomic intervention schools increased such that they approximated those of children from middle socioeconomic comparison schools (12148 vs. 12121 steps/day p = 0.96). The relative difference in steps between intervention and comparison schools on weekends reduced from -21.4% to 0.2% following the intervention. The normalization of weekend step counts was similar for normal weight (-21.4% to +2.0%) and overweight (-19.1 to +3.9%) children, and was balanced across socioeconomic subgroups. These data suggest that school-based health promotion is effective for reducing inequities in physical activity levels outside school hours. Investments in school-based health promotion lead to behavior modification beyond the school environment. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01914185.

  12. Mortality Associated with Night and Weekend Admissions to ICU with On-Site Intensivist Coverage: Results of a Nine-Year Cohort Study (2006-2014).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunot, Vincent; Landreau, Liliane; Corne, Philippe; Platon, Laura; Besnard, Noémie; Buzançais, Aurèle; Daubin, Delphine; Serre, Jean Emmanuel; Molinari, Nicolas; Klouche, Kada

    2016-01-01

    The association between mortality and time of admission to ICU has been extensively studied but remains controversial. We revaluate the impact of time of admission on ICU mortality by retrospectively investigating a recent (2006-2014) and large ICU cohort with on-site intensivist coverage. All adults (≥ 18 years) admitted to a tertiary care medical ICU were included in the study. Patients' characteristics, medical management, and mortality were prospectively collected. Patients were classified according to their admission time: week working days on- and off-hours, and weekends. ICU mortality was the primary outcome and adjusted Hazard-ratios (HR) of death were analysed by multivariate Cox model. 2,428 patients were included: age 62±18 years; male: 1,515 (62%); and median SAPSII score: 38 (27-52). Overall ICU mortality rate was 13.7%. Admissions to ICU occurred during open-hours in 680 cases (28%), during night-time working days in 1,099 cases (45%) and during weekends in 649 cases (27%). Baseline characteristics of patients were similar between groups except that patients admitted during the second part of night (00:00 to 07:59) have a significantly higher SAPS II score than others. ICU mortality was comparable between patients admitted during different time periods but was significantly higher for those admitted during the second part of the night. Multivariate analysis showed however that admission during weeknights and weekends was not associated with an increased ICU mortality as compared with open-hours admissions. Time of admission, especially weeknight and weekend (off-hour admissions), did not influence the prognosis of ICU patients. The higher illness severity of patients admitted during the second part of the night (00:00-07:59) may explain the observed increased mortality.

  13. Mortality Associated with Night and Weekend Admissions to ICU with On-Site Intensivist Coverage: Results of a Nine-Year Cohort Study (2006-2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunot, Vincent; Landreau, Liliane; Corne, Philippe; Platon, Laura; Besnard, Noémie; Buzançais, Aurèle; Daubin, Delphine; Serre, Jean Emmanuel; Molinari, Nicolas; Klouche, Kada

    2016-01-01

    Background The association between mortality and time of admission to ICU has been extensively studied but remains controversial. We revaluate the impact of time of admission on ICU mortality by retrospectively investigating a recent (2006–2014) and large ICU cohort with on-site intensivist coverage. Patients and Methods All adults (≥ 18 years) admitted to a tertiary care medical ICU were included in the study. Patients' characteristics, medical management, and mortality were prospectively collected. Patients were classified according to their admission time: week working days on- and off-hours, and weekends. ICU mortality was the primary outcome and adjusted Hazard-ratios (HR) of death were analysed by multivariate Cox model. Results 2,428 patients were included: age 62±18 years; male: 1,515 (62%); and median SAPSII score: 38 (27–52). Overall ICU mortality rate was 13.7%. Admissions to ICU occurred during open-hours in 680 cases (28%), during night-time working days in 1,099 cases (45%) and during weekends in 649 cases (27%). Baseline characteristics of patients were similar between groups except that patients admitted during the second part of night (00:00 to 07:59) have a significantly higher SAPS II score than others. ICU mortality was comparable between patients admitted during different time periods but was significantly higher for those admitted during the second part of the night. Multivariate analysis showed however that admission during weeknights and weekends was not associated with an increased ICU mortality as compared with open-hours admissions. Conclusion Time of admission, especially weeknight and weekend (off-hour admissions), did not influence the prognosis of ICU patients. The higher illness severity of patients admitted during the second part of the night (00:00–07:59) may explain the observed increased mortality. PMID:28033395

  14. The Art of Building Reception: Aris Konstantinidis behind the Global Published Life of his Weekend House in Anavyssos (1962–2014)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Aris Konstantinidis’s Weekend House in Anavyssos (1962–1964) holds an emblematic place within his oeuvre. This article uncovers the architect’s own role in building the global reception of this project through a tripartite account of its global published life from the printed page to the digital website over the last five decades (1962–2014). Konstantinidis created a uniquely hermetic zone around his work by adopting a publishing practice that combines his own photographs as narrative and his...

  15. Introduction of a Microsoft Excel-based unified electronic weekend handover document in Acute and General Medicine in a DGH: aims, outcomes and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostelec, Pablo; Emanuele Garbelli, Pietro; Emanuele Garbelli, Pietro

    2017-01-01

    On-call weekends in medicine can be a busy and stressful time for junior doctors, as they are responsible for a larger pool of patients, most of whom they would have never met. Clinical handover to the weekend team is extremely important and any communication errors may have a profound impact on patient care, potentially even resulting in avoidable harm or death. Several senior clinical bodies have issued guidelines on best practice in written and verbal handover. These include: standardisation, use of pro forma documents prompting doctors to document vital information (such as ceiling of care/resuscitation status) and prioritisation according to clinical urgency. These guidelines were not consistently followed in our hospital site at the onset of 2014 and junior doctors were becoming increasingly dissatisfied with the handover processes. An initial audit of handover documents used across the medical division on two separate weekends in January 2014, revealed high variability in compliance with documentation of key information. For example, ceiling of care was documented for only 14-42% of patients and resuscitation status in 26-72% of patients respectively. Additionally, each ward used their own self-designed pro forma and patients were not prioritised by clinical urgency. Within six months from the introduction of a standardised, hospital-wide weekend handover pro forma across the medical division and following initial improvements to its layout, ceiling of therapy and resuscitation status were documented in approximately 80% of patients (with some minor variability). Moreover, 100% of patients in acute medicine and 75% of those in general medicine were prioritised by clinical urgency and all wards used the same handover pro forma.

  16. Parent-Child Associations in Pedometer-Determined Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour on Weekdays and Weekends in Random Samples of Families in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar Sigmundová

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates whether more physically active parents bring up more physically active children and whether parents’ level of physical activity helps children achieve step count recommendations on weekdays and weekends. The participants (388 parents aged 35–45 and their 485 children aged 9–12 were randomly recruited from 21 Czech government-funded primary schools. The participants recorded pedometer step counts for seven days (≥10 h a day during April–May and September–October of 2013. Logistic regression (Enter method was used to examine the achievement of the international recommendations of 11,000 steps/day for girls and 13,000 steps/day for boys. The children of fathers and mothers who met the weekend recommendation of 10,000 steps were 5.48 (95% confidence interval: 1.65; 18.19; p < 0.01 and 3.60 times, respectively (95% confidence interval: 1.21; 10.74; p < 0.05 more likely to achieve the international weekend recommendation than the children of less active parents. The children of mothers who reached the weekday pedometer-based step count recommendation were 4.94 times (95% confidence interval: 1.45; 16.82; p < 0.05 more likely to fulfil the step count recommendation on weekdays than the children of less active mothers.

  17. Zeigarnik's sleepless nights: How unfinished tasks at the end of the week impair employee sleep on the weekend through rumination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrek, Christine J; Weigelt, Oliver; Peifer, Corinna; Antoni, Conny H

    2017-04-01

    It is almost common sense that work stress leads to sleep impairment, but the question of how work-related stressors impair employee sleep remains open. This study focuses on the role of rumination as the underlying mechanism for sleep impairment. Specifically, the authors contribute to recent research differentiating affective rumination from problem-solving pondering and examine the impact of both forms of rumination on the stressor-sleep relationship. Following theories of rumination and the Zeigarnik effect, they focus on unfinished tasks as a key onset for rumination. Unfinished tasks have received much research attention in the memory context but have been neglected as a stressor that can impact recovery. Drawing on theory, differential indirect links between unfinished tasks and sleep through affective rumination versus problem-solving pondering are examined. Further, the number of unfinished tasks extending over a 3-month period may impair employee sleep more than unfinished tasks within the acute phase. In this study, intraindividual links in a diary study supplemented by depicting between-person effects of unfinished tasks over a period of 3 months are examined. The authors matched 357 Friday and Monday observations over a 12-week interval for 59 employees. The results of the multilevel analysis suggest that the within-person relationship between unfinished tasks and sleep is mediated by affective rumination. Although problem-solving pondering was negatively related to sleep impairment, the indirect effect was not significant. Finally, beyond the acute effect, the authors found higher levels of unfinished tasks over 3 months are related to increased sleep impairment on the weekend. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. Week-end Trip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pluto(翻译)

    2007-01-01

    远离城市的喧嚣,去做自己最喜欢的事情,或者悠闲自在地晃几个小时,随性的周末,选择有点野性略带性感的田园色调,充满自然韵味的轻便服装,令人心情舒畅

  19. Effect upon mortality of the extension to holidays and weekends of the "ICU without walls" project. A before-after study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abella, A; Enciso, V; Torrejón, I; Hermosa, C; Mozo, T; Molina, R; Janeiro, D; Díaz, M; Homez, M; Gordo, F; Salinas, I

    2016-01-01

    To determine whether extension to holidays and weekends of the protocol for the early proactive detection of severity in hospital ("ICU without walls" project) results in decreased mortality among patients admitted to the ICU during those days. A quasi-experimental before-after study was carried out. A level 2 hospital with 210 beds and a polyvalent ICU with 8 beds. The control group involved no "ICU without walls" activity on holidays or weekends and included those patients admitted to the ICU on those days between 1 January 2010 and 30 April 2013. The intervention group in turn extended the "ICU without walls" activity to holidays and weekends, and included those patients admitted on those days between 1 May 2013 and 31 October 2014. Patients arriving from the operating room after scheduled surgery were excluded. An analysis was made of the demographic variables (age, gender), origin (emergency room, hospital ward, operating room), type of patient (medical, surgical), reason for admission, comorbidities and SAPS 3 score as a measure of severity upon admission, stay in the ICU and in hospital, and mortality in the ICU and in hospital. A total of 389 and 161 patients were included in the control group and intervention group, respectively. There were no differences between the 2 groups except as regards cardiovascular comorbidity (49% in the control group versus 33% in the intervention group; P<.001), severity upon admission (median SAPS 3 score 52 [percentiles 25-75: 42-63) in the control group versus 48 [percentiles 25-75: 40-56] in the intervention group; P=.008) and mortality in the ICU (11% in the control group [95% CI 8-14] versus 3% [95% CI 1-7] in the intervention group; P=.003). In the multivariate analysis, the only 2 factors associated to mortality in the ICU were the SAPS 3 score (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.06-1.11) and inclusion in the intervention group (OR 0.33; 95% CI 0.12-0.89). Extension of the "ICU without walls" activity to holidays and weekends results

  20. The difference of level CO2 emissions from the transportation sector between weekdays and weekend days on the City Centre of Pemalang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawitri, E.; Hardiman, G.; Buchori, I.

    2017-06-01

    The high growth of human activity potentially increases the number of vehicles and the use of fossil fuels that contribute the increase of CO2 emissions in atmosphere. Controlling CO2 emission that causes greenhouse effect becomes the main agenda of Indonesian Government. The first step control CO2 emissions is by measuring the level of CO2 emissions, especially CO2 emissions from fossil fuel consumption in the transport sector. This research aims to assess the level of CO2 emissions from transportation sector on the main roads in the city centre of Pemalang both in weekdays and weekend days. The methods applied to calculate CO2 emissions using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 method. For this, a survey on the number of vehicles passing through the main roads using hand tally counter is firstly done. The results, CO2 emissions in working day, i.e. 49,006.95 tons/year compared to weekend i.e. 38,865.50 tons/year.

  1. Muusika : Kaljuste Madalmaade kooriga USAs. Weekend Guitar Trio Lüneburgis. Petrovi koor Iirimaal ja Norras. Poola kvintett Tallinna Raekojas. Esineb Tatjana Smelova. "improvizz'01" Tartus. "Klassikaraadio" Wagnerit avastamas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tõnu Kaljuste käis Madalmaade kammerkooriga USAs. Weekend Guitar Trio esineb Lüneburgis. Õigeusu Vaimuliku Muusika Kammerkoor Valeri Petrovi juhatusel käis Iirimaal ja Norras esinemas. Poola keelpillikvintett MultiCamerata esines Tallinna Raekojas. Eestis annab kontserte pianist Tatjana Smelova. 8.-10. nov. toimub Tartus "improvizz'01" . "Klassikaraadio" Wagnerit avastamas

  2. Circadian period and the timing of melatonin onset in men and women: predictors of sleep during the weekend and in the laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazar, Alpar S; Santhi, Nayantara; Hasan, Sibah; Lo, June C-Y; Johnston, Jonathan D; Von Schantz, Malcolm; Archer, Simon N; Dijk, Derk-Jan

    2013-04-01

    Sleep complaints and irregular sleep patterns, such as curtailed sleep during workdays and longer and later sleep during weekends, are common. It is often implied that differences in circadian period and in entrained phase contribute to these patterns, but few data are available. We assessed parameters of the circadian rhythm of melatonin at baseline and in a forced desynchrony protocol in 35 participants (18 women) with no sleep disorders. Circadian period varied between 23 h 50 min and 24 h 31 min, and correlated positively (n = 31, rs  = 0.43, P = 0.017) with the timing of the melatonin rhythm relative to habitual bedtime. The phase of the melatonin rhythm correlated with the Insomnia Severity Index (n = 35, rs  = 0.47, P = 0.004). Self-reported time in bed during free days also correlated with the timing of the melatonin rhythm (n = 35, rs  = 0.43, P = 0.01) as well as with the circadian period (n = 31, rs  = 0.47, P = 0.007), such that individuals with a more delayed melatonin rhythm or a longer circadian period reported longer sleep during the weekend. The increase in time in bed during the free days correlated positively with circadian period (n = 31, rs  = 0.54, P = 0.002). Polysomnographically assessed latency to persistent sleep (n = 34, rs  = 0.48, P = 0.004) correlated with the timing of the melatonin rhythm when participants were sleeping at their habitual bedtimes in the laboratory. This correlation was significantly stronger in women than in men (Z = 2.38, P = 0.017). The findings show that individual differences in circadian period and phase of the melatonin rhythm associate with differences in sleep, and suggest that individuals with a long circadian period may be at risk of developing sleep problems.

  3. 周末玩家:我们是去打高尔夫还是追寻幸福--WEEKEND PLAYERS 《PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ 石康在说,我在幼儿园看孩子们玩我曾热衷的游戏,滑滑梯,跷跷板……一轮又一轮,我们怎么就不懂厌倦呢? 有人在此气定神闲的说,幸福本来就是无穷无尽的游戏. 这是一支清醒的组合,来自英伦首席电气组合Groove Armada本尊之一Andy Cato与诺丁罕五人爵士乐队Shod之女歌手Rachel Foster发展出的清新双人组.他们甚至用的目标作为专辑的名字.封面是平直空旷的公路,清晰地通向无尽的远方,略有超现实主义的橙色与紫色交织的天空,诉说极简的浪漫和哀伤.而我们的主角们,拥有一个闲适的有些玩世不恭的名字:weekend players(周末玩家,部分译周末演奏者).

  4. The Art of Building Reception: Aris Konstantinidis behind the Global Published Life of his Weekend House in Anavyssos (1962–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stylianos Giamarelos

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Aris Konstantinidis’s Weekend House in Anavyssos (1962–1964 holds an emblematic place within his oeuvre. This article uncovers the architect’s own role in building the global reception of this project through a tripartite account of its global published life from the printed page to the digital website over the last five decades (1962–2014. Konstantinidis created a uniquely hermetic zone around his work by adopting a publishing practice that combines his own photographs as narrative and his accompanying text as an architectural manifesto of his regional modernism. Highlighting turning points in the published life of this building, the article relates the original gaze of the architect to the gaze adopted by each subsequent researcher of his work. The conclusion recalibrates the gaze of the contemporary architectural historian towards an architectural work that has effectively been doubly built to be received as canonical, as well as an architectural persona that is often easily romanticised in its dominant interpretations.

  5. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE : EASTER WEEKEND

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2002-01-01

    As Friday, March 29 and Monday, April 1st, 2002 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (COOP : Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (Avenance : Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain so on Saturday and Sunday, March 30 - 31. They will reopen on Tuesday, April 2 at 7h00. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (DSR : Bldg. 504 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. On Thursday, March 28, all three restaurants will operate according to the usual times except for restaurant no. 1 which will close at 21h00 instead of 1 o'clock in the morning.   Restaurant Supervisory Committee, tel. 77551

  6. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE : EASTER WEEKEND

    CERN Multimedia

    Restaurant Supervisory Committee

    2002-01-01

    As Friday 29 March and Monday 1st April 2002 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (COOP, bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (Avenance, bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain so on Saturday and Sunday 30-31 March. They will reopen on Tuesday 2 April at 7h00. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (DSR, bldg. 504 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. On Thursday 28 March, all three restaurants will operate according to the usual times except for restaurant no. 1 which will close at 21h00 instead of 1 o'clock in the morning. Restaurant Supervisory Committee Tel. 77551

  7. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE : EASTER WEEKEND

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    As Friday, April 18 and Monday, April 21, 2003 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (COOP : Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (AVENANCE : Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain so on Saturday and Sunday, April 19 - 20. They will reopen on Tuesday, April 22 at 7h00. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (DSR : Bldg. 504 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30. On Thursday, April 17, all three restaurants will operate according to the usual times except for restaurant no. 1 which will close at 21h00 instead of 1 o'clock in the morning.

  8. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: EASTER WEEKEND

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    As Friday, April 18 and Monday, April 21, 2003 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (COOP : Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (AVENANCE : Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain so on Saturday and Sunday, April 19 - 20. They will reopen on Tuesday, April 22 at 7h00. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (DSR : Bldg. 504 - Meyrin) from 8h00 to 21h00 with hot meals served from 11h30 to 14h00 and from 18h00 to 19h30.

  9. 太原市市民双休日公园体育健身现状研究%Study on Weekend Park Sports Fitness Activity of Citizens in Taiyuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晋升; 华建军

    2012-01-01

    Based on the literature review, site visits and questionnaire surveys and other methods, taking the people participating in fitness activity in Taiyuan Municipal Park at weekend as the object of study, conducting a survey to the people participating in fitness activity in park at weekend to learn the status of fitness activity in park at weekend and to make analysis about some of the status quo. The results shows that centering on the park, the park has gradually became an important place for fitness activity of community residents; the fitness exercisers are mainly elderly population; most exercisers have maintained outdoor venue fitness habit of "strengthen the fitness with amount of money" for many years. It is recommended that emphasizing on the introduction of park management and sports guidance personnel; carrying out fitness -themed cultural activities at weekend; increasing the number and of fitness equipment placement, management and maintenance.%通过文献资料法、实地考察法和问卷调查等方法,以太原市政公园的双休日健身人群作为研究对象,对参与双休日公园健身的锻炼人群进行调查,了解双休日公园健身的现状,对其中的若干现状加以分析。结果显示:以公园为中心来说,公园逐渐成为附近社区居民健身锻炼的重要场所;锻炼人群以中老年人为主;多数健身者已经保持了多年“花小钱,强身体”的室外场地健身习惯等。建议:重视引进公园体育的管理与指导型人才;双休日要开展以健身为主题的文化活动;增加健身器械安置数量及管理与维护。

  10. Avoidance of weekend oocyte retrievals during GnRH antagonist treatment by simple advancement or delay of hCG administration does not adversely affect IVF live birth outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tremellen, K P; Lane, M

    2010-05-01

    The use of GnRH antagonists in IVF treatment has many advantages over agonist long down-regulation, yet its uptake has been hampered by an inability to program the start date for gonadotrophin stimulation so as to minimize weekend oocyte retrievals (ORs). In this study, we retrospectively analyzed whether conducting a strict Monday to Friday OR program impacts on IVF outcomes. A total of 1642 non-programmed IVF antagonist cycles were analyzed to determine if advancing or delaying the OR by 1 day from 'ideal' to avoid Saturday or Sunday OR, respectively, had any impact on IVF outcomes. The IVF outcomes of Tuesday to Thursday served as a control as no modification in OR timing was required on these days. Advancing the OR by 1 day from the ideal resulted in a small but significant decrease in the number of oocytes collected and embryos created. Delaying the OR by 1 day from ideal resulted in a small increase in the number of oocytes collected and embryos created. However, deviation from the ideal day of OR had no significant effect on live birth rates. It is possible to safely avoid weekend ORs during GnRH antagonist cycles by simply advancing an ideal Saturday OR to Friday, and delaying an ideal Sunday OR to Monday, without adversely impacting on IVF live birth outcomes.

  11. Short-selling and Weekend Effect-Evidence from the Shanghai and Shenzhen A Stocks Market%融券卖空与周末效应--来自A股市场的经验证据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱民武

    2015-01-01

    利用沪深A股数据研究融券卖空与周末效应间的关系,检验了Chen &Signal(2003)的理论假说在A股市场的适用性。研究结果显示:样本研究期间存在显著的周末效应,周五的股票日收益率均值显著高于周一,不过股票日收益率最高均值出现在周三;股票日收益率和股票波动性与融券卖空率负相关,股票日交易量则与融券卖空率正相关,且均在统计上高度显著;混合回归模型回归结果显示基本支持Chen &Signal(2003)的研究假说,分位数回归的结果则更加稳健。%Chen &Signal (2003 )hypothesize that the behavior of speculative short sellers close out their position on Friday and reopen their position on the following Monday,therefore,adding to the weekend effect.Short sale transactions data of Shanghai and Shenzhen A share markets are used to examine the relation between short selling and the weekend effect. We find that there is significant weekend effect during the sample period,but the highest mean stock return and short sale volume occurred in the middle of the week;we find that the positive correlation between stock trading volume and short selling,but negative correlation between stock return and short selling,stock volatility and short selling;and the empirical results based on pooled OLS support the Chen &Signal (2003 )hypothesis,moreover,the results based on quantile regression are more robust.

  12. 无层流手术室周末不同方法空气消毒效果比较%Have no layer to flow operating room over the weekend different method air disinfection effect comparison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高翔; 王娟; 张诗琪

    2013-01-01

      Objective Research has no layer flow operating room weekend air disinfect of the best method.Method Once adopted the oxygen acetic acid spray method, ultraviolet ray to project light upon, the air disinfect machine the static state monitor and effect comparison of the air disinfection is to the surgical operation of the weekend, and 3 sets after all being thoroughly cleaning up the surgical operation start disinfection.Result Three kinds of air disinfect the method have already shown Zhao to put out germ effect to all the operating room air, and is aller small than the operating room air of the promulgation of health department germ quantity the≤200 cfus/m3, have no statistics to learn meaning(P >0.05).The air disinfects putting out of machine the germ contain the best effect, the germ kills to put out a rate>(98.879 ± 0.72)%;The ultraviolet ray irradiation germ kills to put out a rate>(92.78 ± 1.87)%;Lead the oxygen acetic acid spray method to kill to put out a rate>(89.76 ± 0.87)%. But is very strong to stimulate to the human body breath way, and eyes,etc.Conclusion Grass-roots hospital can use the air of appropriate brand to disinfect in order to have no layer to flow operating room to provide effective air disinfection, machine also disinfect effect is stronger than other air disinfection method, for lower to be infected to provide a dependable guarantee inside the hospital.%  目的研究无层流手术室周末空气的消毒最佳方法。方法用过氧乙酸喷雾、紫外线照射、空气消毒机对周末手术间空气消毒静态监测和效果进行对比,而且三组都在彻底清扫手术间以后开始消毒。结果三种空气消毒的方法对手术室空气都有显著的灭菌效果,而且均小于卫生部颁布的手术室空气细菌量(200cfu/m3),不具有统计学差异(P>0.05)。空气消毒机灭菌效果是最好的,细菌杀灭率>(98.879±0.72)%;紫外线照射细菌杀灭率>(92.78±1

  13. 上海轨道交通8号线双休日运营组织模式优化%Optimization of Weekend Passenger Transport Organization on Shanghai Rail Transit Line 8

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡威; 陆志坚

    2016-01-01

    Shanghai metro Line 8 is a rapid N-S traffic aisle,it undertakes heavy passenger transport task every day.Because of the design deficiencies in early stage and rapid urban development,requests for present transport or-ganization mode keep on increasing. So, the operating company should consider the special and timely demands of passengers at different time periods to promote the opera-tion quality and service level after meeting the needs of dai-ly work.In this paper,some optimization plans to enhance operation quality based on weekend transit and passenger features,also on the space-time distribution analysis of Line 8 are proposed.%上海轨道交通8号线作为一条南北走向的城市快速通道,每天承担着繁重的客运任务。但由于先期设计缺陷及后期城市发展,给当下的日常运营组织提出了多方面的运营需求。作为运营企业在满足日常运量需求的基础上,更应积极考虑不同时段客运需求的特殊性与时效性,从而提升运营企业的运营质量及服务品质。针对当下8号线节假日运营客流出行特点及分布时空提出了运营组织优化方案,以提升运营质量。

  14. Limited restaurant service over the Easter weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    As Friday, 25 March and Monday, 28 March 2005 are CERN holidays, restaurants No. 1 (Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and No. 3 (Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain closed on Saturday, 26 March and Sunday, 27 March. They will re-open on Tuesday, 29 March at 7.00 a.m. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant No. 2 (Bldg. 504 - Meyrin): on Friday and Monday from 8 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. and on Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. Hot meals will be served from 12.00 p.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. They will be served at the self-service restaurant on the first floor on Friday and at the cafeteria on the ground floor on Saturday, Sunday and Monday. On Thursday, March 24, all three restaurants will operate according to their usual opening times except for restaurant No. 1, which will close at 9 p.m. instead of 1 a.m.

  15. Limited restaurant service over the Easter weekend

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    As Friday, 25 March and Monday, 28 March 2005 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain closed on Saturday, 26 March and Sunday, 27 March. They will re-open on Tuesday, 29 March. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (Bldg. 504 - Meyrin): on Friday and Monday from 8 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. and on Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. Hot meals will be served from 12.00 p.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. They will be served at the self-service restaurant on the first floor on Friday and at the cafeteria on the ground floor on Saturday, Sunday and Monday. On Thursday, March 24, all three restaurants will operate according to their usual opening times except for restaurant no. 1 which will close at 9 p.m. instead of 1 a.m.

  16. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: EASTER WEEK-END

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As Friday April 9 and Monday April 12 2004 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain closed on Saturday and Sunday, April 10 - 11. They will reopen on Tuesday, April 13 at 7 a.m. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (Bldg. 504 - Meyrin): on Friday and Monday from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. and on Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. Hot meals will be served from 11.30 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.

  17. LIMITED RESTAURANT SERVICE: EASTER WEEK-END

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As Friday April 9 and Monday April 12 2004 are CERN holidays, restaurants no. 1 (Bldg. 501- Meyrin) and no. 3 (Bldg. 866 - Prévessin) will be closed and will remain closed on Saturday and Sunday, April 10 - 11. They will reopen on Tuesday, April 13 at 7 a.m. During these four days, a limited service will be provided by restaurant no. 2 (Bldg. 504 - Meyrin): on Friday and Monday from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. and on Saturday and Sunday from 9 a.m. to 8.30 p.m. Hot meals will be served from 11.30 a.m. to 2 p.m. and from 6 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. On Thursday, April 8, all three restaurants will operate according to the usual times except for restaurant no. 1 which will close at 9 p.m. instead of 1 a.m.

  18. Do Weekend Deliveries Pose Risks for Moms?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the vagina and anus (perineum). In addition, neonatal intensive care unit admissions, neonatal seizures and antibiotic use all ... Dr. Mitchell Kramer, chairman of the department of obstetrics and gynecology at Northwell Health's Huntington Hospital in ...

  19. Should Exams Be Given on Weekends?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China’s national college entrance exam,which is set down for June 7 and 8,occurred on Monday and Tuesday this year.The exam caused extensive traffic jams incities and many parents had to take two days off work to accompany their children to the exam.

  20. Weekend alcoholism in youth and neurocognitive aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanhueza, Claudia; García-Moreno, Luis M; Expósito, Javier

    2011-04-01

    Numerous studies have shown that alcohol intake causes neuropsychological disorders that affect various brain structures. The «premature ageing» hypothesis proposes that the brain areas of alcoholics undergo deterioration similar to that observed in old age. We investigated whether alcohol abuse by young people (binge drinking) causes alterations comparable to some found in elderly people. Ninety-one people were divided into four groups: a) young people who abused alcohol; b) young people who drank alcohol in moderation; c) young people who did not drink alcohol; and d) elderly adults without any significant cognitive deterioration. All of them were assessed with a neuropsychological battery. We observed some similarities in the results obtained by young drinkers and the elderly participants, which would provide some support for the hypothesis of premature aging. The tasks that young drinkers performed worse were those related to executive functions, in which the prefrontal cortex plays an essential role. We also found differences between the two groups of young drinkers (moderate and high consumption), which leads us to believe that the amount of alcohol consumed and the pattern of consumption are factors to consider in relation to cognitive impairment.

  1. 中国8省(自治区、直辖市)儿童上学日与周末睡眠时间差异分析%Difference on sleeping between school-days and weekends in elementary school children, data from 8 provinces in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石文惠; 翟屹; 李伟荣; 沈冲; 施小明

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the differences on sleeping-time between school-days and weekends among elementary school children.Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted from September to November,2010.A stratified random cluster sampling strategy was used to select the participants,under diverse geographical and economic levels in eight provinces,municipalities or autonomous regions,in mainland China.A total number of 20 603 elementary school children aged from 6-12 years old were chosen as research subjects to record their time of sleeping during school-days or weekends.Results Among the 6-12 year old,their time of sleeping was longer on weekends than that on school-days,while the average sleeping time during the weekends was longer in boys than in girls (t=3.35,P<0.05).However,there was no linearly decreasing trend along with the increase of age regarding the time of sleeping on weekends,in girls.Proportions of serious lack of sleep,lack of sleep or with sufficient sleep during the weekends were 13.63% (2 809/20 603),27.27% (5 618/20 603) and 59.10% (12 176/20 603).The proportion of sufficient sleep (over 50%) was significantly higher on weekends than that on school-days (less than 30%),however,nearly one third of the first grade primary school children were sleep insufficiently even on weekends.Nearly 10.00% of the children under seriously or moderately lack of sleep on school-days were still in a serious lack of sleep state on weekends.The three groups who were categorized as serious lack of sleep (less than 9 h),lack of sleep (9-10 h) or having sufficient (over 10 h) sleep on school-days accounted for 29.75%,64.48%,86.44%,respectively,when compared with the national regulation set as 10 h daily sleep for the children in China.The proportions of those whose time of sleep on weekends was less than school-days in the three groups as the same,moderate (within 1 h),with 1 h caught-up or over,were 9.41%,22.77%,43.32%,24.50

  2. On Environmental News Reports of Southern Weekend under the View of the Framework Theory-Based on the Sampled Data of 2011-2013%框架理论视域下的《南方周末》环境新闻报道研究--基于2011-2013年的样本数据分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚芳敏; 刘媛

    2015-01-01

    以《南方周末》2011—2013年期间的417篇环境新闻报道为分析样本,在框架理论的视域下,运用定性与定量相结合的方法,从报道数量、报道议题、报道体裁、正负面新闻比例、信源等五个维度对《南方周末》的环境新闻进行系统分析,在此基础上总结了《南方周末》环境新闻报道的成功经验和存在的不足,进一步揭示了《南方周末》环境新闻报道对其他媒体从事环境新闻报道、培养受众环保意识、督促政府出台环境法规所具有的理论启示和现实意义。%Under the view of the framework theory,417 pieces of environmental news reports in Southern Weekend from 2011 to 2013 are used as the analysis samples. By means of the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods,the systematic analysis about the environment news reports of Southern Weekend is car-ried out from five dimensions,including report numbers,report issues,report genre,proportion of positive and negative news,and sources of information. Then the successful experiences and deficiencies of environmental news reports of Southern Weekend are summarized based on the above analysis. Finally,it is revealed that envi-ronmental news reports of Southern Weekend have certain theoretical enlightenment and practical significance in the promotion of other media engaged in environmental news reports,the cultivation of public environment protection awareness,and the supervision for the government to establish environment law and regulation.

  3. 中国股市周末效应实证研究--基于上证指数、深证成指变动分析%An Empirical Study of Weekend Effect in China's Stock Market:Based on Analysis of Shanghai and Shenzhen Composite Index Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玲娟; 陈园

    2016-01-01

    The major weekend effect is the phenomenon of stock market cannot be ignored , the research on the ef-ficient market hypothesis was significant , and gets the academic attention and discussion .Based on the history of the Shanghai and shenzhen stock market in 1990-2016 data for an object , first by using descriptive statistics and K-S single sample inspection of the Shanghai index , yield is not a normal distribution , the conclusion , then US-ES the Kruskal-Wallis test confirmed that the weekend effect exist in Shanghai and shenzhen stock market , got effect after using the Mann-Whitney test mode , the f test is used to analyze the yield variance , ultimately proved respectively in Shanghai and shenzhen stock market “four or five” effect and “Thursday” effect, and on the basis of the stock market in recent years , the dynamic the cause of the weekend effect are put forward .%周末效应是各大股市不可忽视的现象,对有效市场假说研究作用显著,并得到各国学术界的广泛关注及讨论。本文以1990-2016年的沪深股票市场的历史数据为对象,首先利用描述统计和单样本K-S检验得出沪市指数日收益率不是正态分布的结论,随后采用Kruskal—Wallis检验证实了周末效应存在于沪深股市,之后利用Mann-Whitney检验得到了效应模式,最后采用方差齐性检验来对收益率方差进行分析,最终证明沪深股市分别存在“四、五”效应和“周四”效应,并依据近几年股市动态提出了导致周末效应产生的原因。

  4. Server usage in small and medium-sized companies: an empirical investigation into the actual need for network servers during the night and over weekends/holidays in small and medium-sized companies in the German-speaking part of Switzerland; Servernutzung in Klein- und Mittelbetrieben: eine empirische Untersuchung zum effektiven Bedarf von Netzwerk-Servern in der Nacht und an Wochenenden/Feiertagen in Klein- und Mittelbetrieben in der Deutschschweiz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gubler, M.; Peters, M.

    2000-07-01

    In order to acquire a representative statement about the effective number of network servers required for nighttime and weekend/public holidays in small and medium-sized companies, a telephone survey was conducted among 400 relevant companies in German-speaking Switzerland. Results: 1) Nowadays, around 80% of small and medium-sized companies in German-speaking Switzerland have an electronic data processing network. 2) The majority of those who have a network leave all their servers running at night (94%) and at the weekend/on public holidays (90%), although about one quarter of the units left on do nothing during the night and almost half do nothing at weekends. 3) About two thirds of the servers which function and carry out tasks during the night need less than three hours to do so. 4) An automatic switching on and off system would be welcomed: 57% of the respondents think the possibility of switching a server on automatically at a specific time or for a specific event would be good. 46% thought the possibility of automatic switch-off of a server when not in use and the simultaneous possibility of switching it on from the workplace. 5) In contrast, the reasons for rejecting these possibilities were rarely based on practical or technical matters but were caused by uncertainties, habits and previously gained convictions or doubts about the technical feasibility. Conclusion: There is a great deal of room to manoeuvre for the introduction of an automatic switch-on and -off system for network servers. Whether this room to manoeuvre can be utilized - alongside of the provision for technologically mature solutions - depends on the success of efforts to convince those responsible for its technical feasibility, its ecological desirability and economical benefits. (author)

  5. School and weekend physical activity of 15-16 year-old Czech, Slovak and Polish adolescents [Školní a víkendová pohybová aktivita 15-16letých českých, polských a slovenských adolescentů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viera Bebčáková

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: When it comes to physical activity, adolescents are the group at the highest risk. When monitoring physical activity in adolescents, it is necessary to differentiate school and weekend days. School days are crucial in adolescents’ weekly physical activity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify to what extent the school day and weekend physical activity levels differ in Czech, Polish and Slovakian boys and girls with different cultural and education backgrounds in Central Europe. METHODS: The research was carried out in the Czech Republic in Moravia (11 schools, 383 participants, in Poland in the Katowice region (11 schools, 327 participants and in Slovakia in the Prešov region (8 schools, 252 participants. In total, 421 boys and 541 girls participated in the study. Participants wore YAMAX pedometers for seven days and recorded measured values onto a record sheet and into the internet Indares system. The results were processed using repeated ANOVA analyses and contingent charts. RESULTS: Czech, Polish, and Slovak boys and girls showed a significantly higher number of steps on school days than on weekend days. No difference between boys and girls was found on any day of the week in any of the states. The lowest number of steps was found, both in girls and boys, on Sundays. The highest number of daily steps was measured in Czech boys (n = 14015 steps • day-1, Polish girls (n = 12074 steps • day-1 and Slovakian girls (n = 12040 steps • day-1 on Fridays. CONCLUSIONS: Boys and girls in all three states were more physically active on school days than on weekend days. Wearing pedometers eliminated the differences between weekly physical activity in boys and girls in the Czech Republic, Poland and in Slovakia. Under Central European conditions, it was proven that wearing pedometers positively influences physical activity in girls.[VÝCHODISKA: Z hlediska poklesu pohybové aktivity jsou za nejvíce rizikovou skupinu ozna

  6. Radiation-Free Weekend Rescued! Continuous Accelerated Irradiation of 7-Days per Week Is Equal to Accelerated Fractionation With Concomitant Boost of 7 Fractions in 5-Days per Week: Report on Phase 3 Clinical Trial in Head-and-Neck Cancer Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skladowski, Krzysztof, E-mail: skladowski@io.gliwice.pl [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and the Institute of Oncology, Branch in Gliwice (Poland); Hutnik, Marcin; Wygoda, Andrzej; Golen, Maria; Pilecki, Boleslaw; Przeorek, Wieslawa; Rutkowski, Tomasz; Lukaszczyk-Widel, Beata; Heyda, Alicja; Suwinski, Rafal; Tarnawski, Rafal; Maciejewski, Boguslaw [Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center and the Institute of Oncology, Branch in Gliwice (Poland)

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: To report long-term results of randomized trial comparing 2 accelerated fractionations of definitive radiation therapy assessing the need to irradiate during weekend in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Methods and Materials: A total of 345 patients with SCC of the oral cavity, larynx, and oro- or hypo-pharynx, stage T2-4N0-1M0, were randomized to receive continuous accelerated irradiation (CAIR: once per day, 7 days per week) or concomitant accelerated boost (CB: once per day, 3 days per week, and twice per day, 2 days per week). Total dose ranged from 66.6-72 Gy, dose per fraction was 1.8 Gy, number of fractions ranged from 37-40 fractions, and overall treatment time ranged from 37-40 days. Results: No differences for all trial end-points were noted. At 5 and 10 years, the actuarial rates of local-regional control were 63% and 60% for CAIR vs 65% and 60% for CB, and the corresponding overall survival were 40% and 25% vs 44% and 25%, respectively. Confluent mucositis was the main acute toxicity, with an incidence of 89% in CAIR and 86% in CB patients. The 5-year rate of grade 3-4 late radiation morbidity was 6% for both regimens. Conclusions: Results of this trial indicate that the effects of accelerated fractionation can be achieve by delivering twice-per-day irradiation on weekday(s). This trial has also confirmed that an accelerated, 6-weeks schedule is a reasonable option for patients with intermediate-stage head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma because of the associated high cure rate and minimal severe late toxicity.

  7. CERN restaurant opening times during the Easter weekend

    CERN Document Server

    FP Department

    2011-01-01

    Restaurants No. 1 (NOVAE) and No. 3 (AVENANCE) will be closed from Friday 22 April to Monday 25 April 2011 inclusive. Restaurant No. 2 (DSR) will be open from 8.30 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. on Friday 22 April 2011 and from 9.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. on Saturday 23 April, Sunday 24 April and Monday 25 April 2011. Hot meals will be served from 11.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. and from 6.00 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.  

  8. Why do Tornados and Hail Storms Rest on Weekends?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Daniel; Bell, Thomas L.

    2010-01-01

    When anthropogenic aerosols over the eastern USA during summertime are at their weekly mid-week peak, tornado and hail storm activity there is also near its weekly maximum. The weekly cycle in storm activity is statistically significant and unlikely to be due to natural variability. The pattern of variability supports the hypothesis that air pollution aerosols invigorate deep convective clouds in a moist, unstable atmosphere, to the extent of inducing production of large hailstones and tornados. This is caused by the effect of aerosols on cloud-drop nucleation, making cloud drops smaller, delaying precipitation-forming processes and their evaporation, and hence affecting cloud dynamics.

  9. CERN restaurant opening times during the Easter weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Restaurants No. 1 and No. 3 will be closed from Friday 29 March to Monday 1 April 2013 inclusive. Restaurant No. 2 will be open from 7.00 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. on Friday 29 March. It will be closed from Saturday 30 March to Monday 1 April 2013 inclusive. Building 40 will be open from 8.30 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. on Friday 29, Saturday 30, Sunday 31 March and Monday 1 April 2013.

  10. Opening times for CERN restaurants over the Easter weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Restaurants No. 1 and No. 3 will be closed from Friday 18 April to Monday 21 April 2014 inclusive.   Restaurant No. 2 will be open from 7.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m. on Friday 18 April (catering on the ground floor). It will be closed from Saturday 19 April to Monday 21 April 2014 inclusive.   The snack point at Building 40 will be open from 8.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. on Friday 18, Saturday 19, Sunday 20 and Monday 21 April 2014.

  11. CERN restaurant opening times during the Easter weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    FP Department

    2012-01-01

    Restaurants 1 and 3 will be closed from Friday 6 April to Monday 9 April 2012 inclusive. Restaurant 2 will be open from 8.30 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. on Friday 6 April 2012 and from 9.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. on Saturday 7 April, Sunday 8 April and Monday 9 April 2012. Hot meals will be served from 11.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. and from 6.00 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.

  12. A New Drill Weekend for the Information Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    speed wireless networks (3G/4G) made it possible for these programs, as well as many others to become mobile. Because of these innovations, personal...broadband services by bringing laptops and using public wireless networks to complete computer-based training in the armories. Yet, the latest...speed of 5G networks may reach a gigabit. Based on the release dates of previous generations, 5G availability could occur in 2021. Figure 1 illustrates

  13. Há aumento do peso corporal nos finais de semana e nas festas de final de ano? Análise em participantes de programa de exercício supervisionado ¿Hay aumento del peso corporal en las fiestas de final de año? Análisis en participantes de un programa de ejercicio supervisado Are there increases on the body weight during weekends and New Year celebrations? Analysis on participants in a supervised exercise program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paloma Gomes

    2004-06-01

    corporal. El peso corporal fue registrado antes de cada sesión, siendo registrado en dos semanas del mes de noviembre y en dos sesiones pre y post dias de las fiestas de fin de año. RESULTADOS: Hubo estabilidad en el peso corporal (media ± error padrón 74,6 ± 1,7 vs. 74,6 ± 1,7 kg -, respectivamente, antes y después del final de semana (p = 0,382, en cuanto hubo un aumento pequeño, por significativo, con las fiestas de fin de año - 74,3 ± 1,7 vs. 74,9 ± 1,7 kg - (p OBJECTIVE: It is believed that adults' body weight (BW tends to increase during weekend days, either through the higher ingestion or through the reduction of exercises. We had as objective to verify whether or not the BW increases during weekend days and New Year celebrations. METHODS: We analyzed, retrospectively, data from 53 adults (36 men with ages ranging from 38 to 81 years (64 ± 10, who attended a supervised exercise program three to six weekly 60-minute sessions, including aerobic exercises, muscular strengthening and flexibility, individually prescribed. Those who missed over than 25% of sessions, more than two consecutive weeks or those who made use of diuretic or other remedies capable to affect the BW were excluded from the study. The BW was recorded before each session. Data from two weeks recorded during the month of November and from two pre and post-New Year celebration sessions were recorded. RESULTS: The BW was stable (average ± standard deviation 74.6 ± 1.7 vs. 74.6 ± 1.7 kg -, respectively, before and after the weekend days (p = 0.382, while a small but significant increase during the New Year celebrations was observed 74.3 ± 1.7 vs. 74.9 ± 1.7 kg - (p < 0.001. Gains above 1 and 2% of the BW (individual maximum of 3.8% during the New Year celebrations were observed, respectively, in only nine (16.9% and six (11.3% of individuals, with higher absolute variations in the heaviest individuals. DISCUSSION: In adults who attended a supervised exercise program, the impact of the

  14. A participação da comunidade no Projeto Escola Aberta no Rio Grande do Sul: o uso da escola pública nos finais de semana La participación de la comunidad en el Proyecto Escola Aberta en RS: el uso de la escuela pública en fines de semana The community's participation in the Project Escola Aberta in RS: the use of the public schools on the weekends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdelaine Mendes

    2009-09-01

    en la apertura de las escuelas a las comunidades; c la relación entre la permanencia en la escuela y la reducción de la violencia; d el carácter voluntario de la oferta de acciones en el Proyecto. El acercamiento metodológico adoptado en esta investigación fue de naturaleza cualitativa. El trabajo del campo entero se desarrolló por el año de 2006. Con este estudio fue identificado que hay el deseo, por parte de las poblaciones que viven en el entorno de las escuelas cuentan, para realizar actividades en fines de semana, configurando la institución como espacio de que sirve, al mismo tiempo, para la diversión y para la formación.This research aimed to analyze the actions developed by the Projeto Escola Aberta in five state schools in Rio Grande do Sul, seeking to understand how the participants have perceived the Project and their own participation in the activities developed on the weekends. This investigation has also aimed to identify the kinds of activities and the responsibility for their coordination. This article discusses four aspects that stood out in the analysis of the Escola Aberta actions : a the meaning attributed by the communities to the use of the schools on weekends; b the directors' roles in the opening of the schools to the communities; c the relationship between permanence in school and reduction of violence; d the voluntary characteristic of the Project actions. The qualitative method was adopted in this research. The whole field work was developed in 2006. This study has showed that the populations who live around the schools have a strong desire to realize the activities on weekends, confirming the institutions as leisure centers which serve, at the same time, for both diversion and formation.

  15. Restaurant opening hours during the Jeûne Genevois weekend

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Restaurant No. 1: open on Thursday, 5 September from 7.00 a.m. until 10.00 p.m. (hot meals served 11.30 a.m. to 2.00 p.m. and 6.30 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.) and open normal hours on Friday, 6 September.   Restaurant No. 2: closed Thursday, 5 and Friday, 6 September.   Restaurant No. 3: closed Thursday, 5 and Friday, 6 September.

  16. 29 CFR 778.205 - Premiums for weekend and holiday work-example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS OVERTIME COMPENSATION Payments That May Be Excluded From the âRegular Rateâ Extra Compensation Paid for Overtime §...

  17. Weekend Effect" in Summertime U.S. Rainfall: Evidence for Midweek Intensification of Storms by Pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Thomas L.; Rosenfeld, Daniel; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Hahnenberger, Maura

    2006-01-01

    Persistent and strong dependence of rain rate on the day of the week has been found in Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite estimates of summer afternoon rainfall over the southeast U.S. and the nearby Atlantic from 1998 to 2005. Midweek (Tue-Thu) rain rates and rain area appear to increase over land, and this increase is accompanied by a corresponding diminution of rainfall over nearby waters. Reanalysis data from atmospheric models, suggest that there is a corresponding weekly variation in atmospheric winds consistent with the changes in rainfall. These variations are almost certainly caused by weekly variations in human activity. The most likely cause of the observed changes in rainfall is the well documented weekly variation in atmospheric pollution. Particulate pollution is highest in the middle of the week. Considerable observational and modeling evidence has accumulated concerning the effects of aerosols on precipitation. Most of this evidence relates to the suppression of precipitation by aerosols, but it has been argued that storms in highly unstable moist environments can be invigorated by aerosols, and some modeling studies seem to confirm this. The strong weekly cycle in rainfall observed over the southeast U.S. along with what appears to be dynamical suppression of rainfall over the nearby Atlantic, and the lack of an observable cycle over the southwest U.S., are consistent with this theory.

  18. A pilot study of a weekend retreat intervention for family survivors of homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuck, Inez; Baliko, Beverly; Schubert, Christine M; Anderson, Lorraine

    2012-10-01

    Homicide causes negative unintended consequences for family survivors. Family survivors face complicated grief and overwhelming loss with minimal support from others. The authors offered a retreat intervention as a way to ameliorate the effects of the homicidal death for family survivors of homicide. An exploratory longitudinal pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and explored the impact of the TOZI© Healing intervention on participants' distress symptoms. Eight family members participated in the 2-day retreat and completed surveys at five time intervals over 30 months. Descriptive statistics and correlations were used to analyze the data. Although sample sizes were too small to achieve statistical significance, changes on selected holistic health outcomes, supported by overwhelmingly positive focus group responses to the intervention, affirm the need for further study.

  19. For one weekend, CERN takes a stand at Geneva’s Nuit de la science

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    CERN took part in the seventh year of the Nuit de la science on 5-6 July dedicated to the theme of Time. Some 30 000 visitors filed through the 52 stands set up around the Perle du Lac park. The Geneva ‘Musée d’histoire des sciences’, the heart of the event (Copyright MHS - Photo: Philippe Wagneur). Michel Boffard, a CERN guide, makes a simple experiment to show super-conductivity (Photo: Claude Guérin).Two aspects of the LHC were presented in the display. The technical principles on which the machine is based were illustrated using a bell jar, liquid nitrogen and visually striking experiments. Meanwhile, under the heading ‘The Time Machine’, posters and mockups were used to explain the theoretical side of the LHC and its scientific aims. Benefitting from the adjacent photography exhibition, ‘CERN through the lens of Peter Ginter’, the stand attracted a steady stream of intere...

  20. "Tallinn Jazz Weekend" tõi kultuuripealinna Euroopa jazzielu korraldajad / Marje Ingel, Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ingel, Marje

    2011-01-01

    Jazziorganisatsioonist Europe Jazz Network ja selle aastakonverentsist Tallinnas ning J. Sang selle raames Von Krahli teatris toimunud Tallinn Jazz Weekendi eesti jazzmuusika showcase-festivalist lühidalt

  1. "Tallinn Jazz Weekend" tõi kultuuripealinna Euroopa jazzielu korraldajad / Marje Ingel, Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ingel, Marje

    2011-01-01

    Jazziorganisatsioonist Europe Jazz Network ja selle aastakonverentsist Tallinnas ning J. Sang selle raames Von Krahli teatris toimunud Tallinn Jazz Weekendi eesti jazzmuusika showcase-festivalist lühidalt

  2. Mars Weekend: A Panel and Games at the Museum of Science Boston

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, J. P.; Ding, W.; Sable, J.; Li, R.; Stepinski, T.

    2012-03-01

    This ongoing outreach project uniquely combines the data, systems, and resources of four existing NASA-funded research projects: MER Participating Scientist project, ExoMars PanCam project, AISR Crater Detection project, and lunar mapping.

  3. 76 FR 24837 - Regulated Navigation Area; Columbus Day Weekend, Biscayne Bay, Miami, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ...-mail Lieutenant Paul A. Steiner, Sector Miami Prevention Department, Coast Guard; telephone 305-535-8724, e-mail Paul.A.Steiner@uscg.mil . If you have questions on viewing or submitting material to the.... Steiner, Sector Miami Prevention Department, Coast Guard; telephone 305-535- 8724, e-mail...

  4. Workdays, in-between workdays and the weekend: A diary study on effort and recovery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooff, M.L.M.; Geurts, S.A.E.; Kompier, M.A.J.; Taris, T.W.

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: Effort-recovery theory (Meijman and Mulder in Handbook of work and organizational psychology, Psychology Press/Erlbaum, Hove, pp 5-33, 1998 proposes that effort expenditure may have adverse consequences for health in the absence of sufficient recovery opportunities. Thus, insight in the

  5. Study on the Social Responsibility of Science Communication Subject from the Perspective of Public Understanding Science-An Empirical Analysis Based on the GM Reports of the Newspapers of People’s Daily and the Southern Weekend%公众理解科学视角下科学传播主体社会责任研究--基于《人民日报》、《南方周末》关于转基因报道的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱振华; 杨甲璞; 刘文霞

    2016-01-01

    文章以公众理解科学理论为研究基础,以文献收集法、典型抽样调查法和最小二乘回归计量模型( OLS)为主要研究方法,对《人民日报》和《南方周末》2003—2014共12年间关于转基因的相关报道进行实证分析,数据显示科学新闻的报道受到科学传播主体的影响较大,尤其政府对于科学传播内容的主导意见十分明显,科学家和媒体形成舆论倾向,另一方面由于自身职业素质和责任的不明确,导致科学传播未能落到实处,未能将科学技术知识通过合适的渠道传播到社会与公众之中,使得公众对于转基因的态度出现“反转”潮。由此分析科学传播主体未履行责任的原因,找出问题的症结,通过各个科学传播主体的协作配合来解决中国科学传播现今所面临的问题,实现科学传播的顺利进行和公众科学素质的整体提高。%Based on the public understanding of science theory, using literature collection method, typical sampling method and least squares regression model ( OLS) as the main research method, this paper takes an empirical analysis based on the GM reports of the newspapers of People’s Daily and the Southern Weekend ( 2003-2014) . The result shows that science news re-ports are greatly influenced by the main body of science communication, especially government views on science communication content are very obvious. On the one hand,scientists and the media are subject to government and they are afraid to speak. On the other hand,due to their own professional quality and responsibility are not clear, it leads to the unfully realization of science communication, then they failed to spread science and technology knowledge in society and the public through the appropriate channels.This makes the public’s attitudes towards genetically modified (gm) “reverse” wave. From this point, this paper ana-lyses of the reasons that the subjects of science

  6. Bringing You More than the Weekend: Union Membership and Self-Rated Health in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Megan M.; Brady, David

    2012-01-01

    Previous research suggests that higher incomes, safe workplaces, job security and healthcare access all contribute to favorable health. Reflecting the interest of economic and political sociologists in power relations and institutions, union membership has been linked with many such influences on health. Nevertheless, the potential relationship…

  7. Weekend Warriors: DeLillo’s “The Uniforms,” Players, and Film-to-Page Reappearance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Luter

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that what DeLillo refers to as the “radical intent” attached to the early short story “The Uniforms” does not point to political radicalism but instead to a new way of thinking about adaptation. This aesthetically radical form of film-to-page adaptation does not privilege the source text, oftentimes subverting the source’s original purpose outright. This decentering of the cinematic source text also lets DeLillo expresses doubt about what film can accomplish politically, while emphasizing that the basic grammar of cinema can do things that literature cannot.

  8. Weekend Warriors for Water: Combating Water Scarcity in West Africa with United States Army National Guard and Reserve Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    6 Definitions and Terms...Link Between Poverty , Water, and the Environment ......................................52 Figure 12. Water Scarcity Targets...improve access to clean water across the continent. Water resources are scarce for areas of the population stricken by poverty , and water cleanliness

  9. A bright weekend: THE Port develops a better solution for the “Children of the Night”

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    THE Port Hackathon took place at CERN and Geneva’s Campus Biotech from 2 to 4 October. Among the various prototypes presented at the final event was a novel solution for the special mask that children suffering from xeroderma pigmentosum have to wear to reduce their risk of getting skin cancer. The whole initiative was triggered by an article published in one of the summer issues of the Bulletin.   Developing and testing the mask prototype at THE Port Hackathon, 2015. (Images: Andrey Loginov, Pierre Freyermuth, Antonio Bellotta/ THE Port)   “The improvements are really substantial and have made the president of the French Children of the Night Association really happy!” says Andy Butterworth from the team that worked on developing a prototype for a new mask during THE Port Hackathon. In his “normal” professional life, Andy is a radio-frequency expert working in the Beams department. During the hackathon, he worked with colleagues from CE...

  10. 76 FR 47441 - Safety Zone; Apache Pier Labor Day Weekend Fireworks Display, Atlantic Ocean, Myrtle Beach, SC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ..., call or e-mail Chief Warrant Officer Robert B. Wilson, Coast Guard Sector Charleston Waterways Management Division at telephone: 843-740-3188, e-mail Robert.B.Wilson@uscg.mil . If you have questions on... notice of the safety zone by Marine Safety Information Bulletin, Broadcast Notice to Mariners, and...

  11. Drinking to have fun and to get drunk: Motives as predictors of weekend drinking over and above usual drinking habits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuntsche, E.N.; Cooper, M.L.

    2010-01-01

    Most evidence on the motives-alcohol use link has come from cross-sectional research using retrospective assessments. It remains also to be demonstrated whether motives predict drinking in particular circumstances. In the present study, drinking motives assessed 2 weeks prior to a diary study were u

  12. Energy resource management under the influence of the weekend transition considering an intensive use of electric vehicles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sousa, T.; Morais, Hugo; Pinto, T.

    2015-01-01

    Energy resource scheduling is becoming increasingly important, as the use of distributed resources is intensified and of massive electric vehicle is envisaged. The present paper proposes a methodology for day-ahead energy resource scheduling for smart grids considering the intensive use...... of distributed generation and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G). This method considers that the energy resources are managed by a Virtual Power Player (VPP) which established contracts with their owners. It takes into account these contracts, the users' requirements subjected to the VPP, and several discharge price steps...

  13. Automated external defibrillators inaccessible to more than half of nearby cardiac arrests in public locations during evening, nighttime, and weekends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Carolina Malta; Wissenberg, Mads; Weeke, Peter

    2013-01-01

    . Of 552 registered AEDs, 9.1% (n=50) were accessible at all hours, and 96.4% (n=532) were accessible during the daytime on all weekdays. Regardless of AED accessibility, 28.8% (537 of 1864) of all cardiac arrests were covered by an AED. Limited AED accessibility decreased coverage of cardiac arrests by 4...

  14. 76 FR 38015 - Safety Zones; July 4th Weekend Fireworks Displays Within the Captain of the Port St. Petersburg...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... fireworks will be launched, located on the Gulf of Mexico just offshore of Sand Bar Restaurant in Anna Maria... safety zone will be enforced for a maximum of two hours and 15 minutes; (2) vessel traffic in the...

  15. Weekday and weekend food advertising varies on children's television in the USA but persuasive techniques and unhealthy items still dominate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilaro, M J; Barnett, T E; Watson, A M; Merten, J W; Mathews, A E

    2017-01-01

    In 2006, food industry self-regulatory efforts aimed to balance the mix of food advertisements to limit children's exposure to unhealthy food products. An update to these efforts proposed to eliminate all unhealthy advertisements during peak child viewing times and implement uniform nutrition criteria by December, 2013. Marketing techniques are not currently addressed in self-regulatory efforts. The food industry's pledge prompted researchers to conduct a content analysis to assess nutritional quality and presence of persuasive marketing techniques in child-directed food and beverage advertisements. Content analysis. 32 h of children's television programming were recorded in February, 2013. Three independent coders assessed the nutritional content of food and beverage advertisements using the UK Nutrition Profiling System and assessed presence of persuasive techniques (PTs) using a rating form developed for this study. Overall, 13.75% of advertisements promoted a food or beverage product. Most food advertisements, 54.6%, represented unhealthy products and 95.48% of food advertisements contained at least one PT. The number of PTs was not significantly different for healthy (M = 4.98, SD = 2.07) and unhealthy food advertisements (M = 4.66, SD = 1.82) however food advertisements aimed at children used significantly more PTs (M = 5.5, SD = 1.43) than those targeting adults (M = 1.52, SD = 1.54), t (153) = 11.738, P marketing techniques in food advertising intended for children. Copyright © 2016 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Contesting Heritage: Language, Legitimacy, and Schooling at a Weekend Japanese-Language School in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerr, Neriko Musha; Lee, Kiri

    2009-01-01

    Researchers have shown that the maintenance of a minority language has positive effects on the minority students' view of self, educational attainment, and career opportunities (Cho 2000; Wright and Taylor 1995). In the research for this article, however, we found that such a focus on the effects of heritage-language education on the students is…

  17. The Study of News Conception and Agenda-setting of Nanfang Weekend%浅析《南方周末》的新闻理念与议题设置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢迎安

    2003-01-01

    作为国内一家影响很大的城市周末报,已有较为成熟和独特的新闻理念,在议题设置方面也有鲜明特点.通过对该报内容的分析,文章从新闻理念和议题设置两个方面对进行了个案研究.

  18. Chinese Week-end Schools in Switzerland as A Mean to Ensure A Cosmopolite Social Mobility Strategy%瑞士周末华文学校——一种全球性的社会迁移策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霈; 胡修雷

    2010-01-01

    本文根据对瑞士华文学校和华文夏令营的观察和对瑞士华人和台湾教师的访谈,描述了华人移民瑞士的主要情况及其多样化的网络和社会性;介绍了传授华文的组织机构概况和大陆与台湾在支持华文教育举措上的异同;分析探讨了在不同背景下认同类型的变化;意图反映受访者对"文化"和"语言"这两个概念的不同理解和阐释.主要观点是,保持这种被认定为统一的"华人"认同,是一种全球性的社会迁移策略,有助于他们更好地融入瑞士或者中国.

  19. The Angel-Woman and the Eve-Woman as the Others in "Weekend" by Fay Weldon (Fay Weldon'ın "Weekend" (Hafta Sonu Adlı Öyküsünde "Melek Kadın" ve Baştan Çıkarıcı Kadın" Olarak Ötekileşmiş Kadınlar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zerrin EREN

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available As in all patriarchal societies, in England, women face with the problems stemming from gender inequality. In order to struggle with these problems, women should come together, and say ‘we’. However, due to various reasons, women cannot say ‘we’. This paper aims at discussing that middle class women in England do not say ‘we’ since they have been split up into two groups as the Angle-woman and the Eve-woman, and while the Angel-woman and the Eve-woman are competing for the interest of the man, they regard each other as the other. For this purpose, a short-story by Fay Weldon entitled “Weekend” has been studied.In this short-story, Weldon presents the female characters representing the Angle-woman and the Eve-woman, and displays the conflict between these two estranged groups. At the end of the study, it has been seen that since each group others the rival group, women cannot say ‘we’.

  20. The Angel-Woman and the Eve-Woman as the Others in "Weekend" by Fay Weldon (Fay Weldon'ın "Weekend" (Hafta Sonu) Adlı Öyküsünde "Melek Kadın" ve Baştan Çıkarıcı Kadın" Olarak Ötekileşmiş Kadınlar)

    OpenAIRE

    Zerrin EREN

    2011-01-01

    As in all patriarchal societies, in England, women face with the problems stemming from gender inequality. In order to struggle with these problems, women should come together, and say ‘we’. However, due to various reasons, women cannot say ‘we’. This paper aims at discussing that middle class women in England do not say ‘we’ since they have been split up into two groups as the Angle-woman and the Eve-woman, and while the Angel-woman and the Eve-woman are competing for the interest of the man...

  1. Importance of Family Routines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Structure Your Child's Nighttime Routine . Weekends: Weekends are good times for family togetherness. You might go grocery shopping as a family, visit museums and zoos, do chores​ that everyone participates in, go on ...

  2. Drinking pattern and mortality in Danish nurses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morch, L.S.; Johansen, D.; Lokkegaard, E.;

    2008-01-01

    -3 drinks per week was associated with the lowest risk of death. Intake above six drinks per weekend (Friday through Sunday) increased risk of death from all causes by 3% for each additional drink consumed per weekend (corresponding to an increased risk by 9% per drink per weekend day). Consumption of one...

  3. 新媒体事件中纸媒的新闻调度——以《南方周末》为例%News Dispatch of Paper Media in the New Media Events——Taking "Southern Weekend" for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖燕雄; 方姝阳

    2009-01-01

    在近年来出现的"孙志刚事件"、"重庆钉子户事件"、"厦门PX事件"、"邱兴华事件"、"许霆事件"等新媒体事件中,逐渐产生了一种新的现象--新闻调度.其中,通过突破数量、深度挖掘、报道创新和稿件的有效配置来实现新闻调度,使新闻成功地得以展示和升值.

  4. Attracting the Potentialities of Railway Passenger Traffic from Students' Parents at Weekends, Developing Short-distance Passenger Transport New Market%吸引双休日学生家长客流开拓短途客运新市场

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2003-01-01

    针对铁路短途客运有所下降的现象,建议开发双休日旅游列车,并分析其可行性与必要性,认为以初中及小学生家长为目标市场,两家长免一学生票,可以激活双休日市场,开辟短途客运新市场.

  5. Morningness-eveningness and sleep habits among adolescents: age and gender differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado Mateo, M José; Díaz-Morales, Juan Francisco; Escribano Barreno, Cristina; Delgado Prieto, Pedro; Randler, Christoph

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has indicated the need to use large samples in different cultural contexts in order to clarify age and gender differences on morningness-eveningness and sleep habits. The goal of our research was to study the relationship between morningness-eveningness and sleep habits in a large sample of 2,649 adolescents between 12 and 16 years. The Morningness- Eveningness Scale for Children and an adaptation of the School Sleep Habits Survey measures were used. Results indicated a greater tendency toward eveningness with age and higher eveningness in 13- and 14-year-old girls. Older adolescents claimed later rising time on weekends, later bedtime and shorter sleep length, and greater social jetlag, weekend rise time delay, and weekend bedtime delay. Girls reported earlier rising time on weekdays, later rising time on weekends, longer sleep length on weekends, and greater social jetlag and weekend rising time delay. Lastly, evening oriented adolescents claimed later rising time and bedtime, shorter sleep length on weekdays but longer sleep duration on weekends, and greater social jetlag, weekend rising time delay, and weekend bedtime delay.

  6. 78 FR 71712 - Petition for Waiver of Compliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... Super Bowl weekend. Specifically, NJTR is requesting relief from the mandatory time off requirements of... (65 FR 19477). Robert C. Lauby, Associate Administrator for Railroad Safety, Chief Safety...

  7. Djembe Fever

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Yang

    2011-01-01

    THERE are a hundred ways to enjoy a weekend in Beijing.Strolling through fast-disappearing hutongs or sipping tea while pondering Chinese tranquility are tried-and-true methods.African drumming sessions,though,have also entered denizens' weekend repertoires.

  8. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Park Hyatt Beijing All You Can Eat Weekend Kitchen Party at IFW Every weekend and public holiday,enjoy an all-you-can-eat menu featuring more than 48 delectable appetizers,rice,noodles,dump-lings,stir-fry and desserts served with free-flowing

  9. 76 FR 34848 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway (AIWW), Elizabeth River, Southern...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-15

    ... traffic congestion during the weekday and weekend daytime hours while still providing for the reasonable... traffic congestion without providing any additional benefit to vessel traffic. Background and Purpose The... weekends, we anticipated a decrease in vehicular traffic congestion during the daytime hours....

  10. 50 CFR 622.34 - Gulf EEZ seasonal and/or area closures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Martin Luther King Jr. Federal holiday. The gillnet fishery also is closed during all subsequent weekends and observed Federal holidays, except for the first weekend following the Martin Luther King Jr... of the Gulf group king mackerel gillnet fishery. The gillnet fishery for Gulf group king mackerel...

  11. BRIKS. Vækstøkonomier svinger taktstok i G20

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søborg, Henrik; Fleming, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The weekend's G20 meeting was to come to nothing when the hosts would exclude Russia. The BRICS would it differently - and so it turned out.......The weekend's G20 meeting was to come to nothing when the hosts would exclude Russia. The BRICS would it differently - and so it turned out....

  12. Between- and within-day variability in physical activity and inactivity in 9- and 15-year-old European children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, A; Anderssen, S A; Andersen, Lars Bo;

    2008-01-01

    To examine differences in levels of physical activity (PA), time spent at moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) and time spent sedentary between and within days in children from four European countries, 1954 9 - and 15-year-olds were included. PA was measured during 2 weekdays and 2 weekend days...... using the manufacturing technology-incorporated (MTI) accelerometer. Average count per minute, time spent sedentary, time spent at MVPA and the proportion of children accumulating >/=60 min of MVPA were calculated. Data were compared between weekdays and weekend days and between school time and leisure....... Few children (4-31%) accumulated >/=60 min of MVPA either during school time or during leisure-time. Differences in activity patterns between weekdays and weekend days are explained by less accumulated time in MVPA during weekend days. Weekend days and leisure-time during weekdays seem appropriate...

  13. Vox Clamantis esines Belgias ja Prantsusmaal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Vokaalansambli Vox Clamantise osalemisest 22.-25. maini Watou rahvusvahelisel gregoriaanifestivalil Belgias ja kontserdidt 31. mail Prantsusmaal XII sajandist pärit tsistertslaste kloostris Pontignys. Prantsuse plaadifirmalt Mirare ilmus ansamblil Weekend Guitar Trioga ühisplaat "Stella matutina"

  14. Shipwreck! The floating inferno: Yarmouth Castle

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Armstrong, J; Ramer, H

    1998-01-01

    The Yarmouth Castle embarked on an overnight trip from Miami to the Bahamas every weekend - until November, 1965, when this midnight cruise to paradise became a floating inferno that left 87 passengers dead...

  15. 76 FR 67416 - Executive-led Business Development Mission to Kabul, Afghanistan, September 2011 (Dates Are...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... in 2010. Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan, situated in Kabul Province. With a total metropolitan... Day One (weekend) Travel Day--Depart U.S. on evening flight. Day Two Travel Day--Participants arrive...

  16. Plaadid / Heidi Purga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purga, Heidy, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Gang Starr "Mass Appeal: The Best Of", Nas "Hiphop Is Dead", The Beatles "Love", Block Party " A Weekend In The City", Pet Shop Boys "Concrete", Keith Urban "Love, Pain & the Whole Crazy Thing", 2Marquess"

  17. 45 CFR 2400.3 - Eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-time study during summers or in evening or weekend programs; (7) Agree to attend the Foundation's four... full-time study; (7) Agree to attend the Foundation's four-week Summer Institute on the...

  18. Plaadid / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Klaus König "Black Moments", Weekend Players "Pursuit Of Happiness", Da Buzz "Wanna Be With Me?", Covenant "Northern Light", Tracy Chapman "Lett It Rain", Jeff "Tain" Watts "Bar Talk", Marco "Anna aega", Cassius "Aau Reve"

  19. Elu on Rock 'n' roll! / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2007-01-01

    Üritusesarjast "The 1st Tallinn Rocknroll Weekend Party" (korraldaja Eero Palusalu) Tallinnas Rock Cafés. Inglise rockansamblitest Matchbox ja Crazy Cavan & The Rhythm Rockers (kontsert 15. sept. Rock Cafés)

  20. 76 FR 55779 - Labor Day, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... middle class. It is the reason we have a minimum wage, weekends away from work to rest and spend time... and a strong middle class. This year has seen a vigorous fight to protect these rights and values, and...

  1. Elu on Rock 'n' roll! / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2007-01-01

    Üritusesarjast "The 1st Tallinn Rocknroll Weekend Party" (korraldaja Eero Palusalu) Tallinnas Rock Cafés. Inglise rockansamblitest Matchbox ja Crazy Cavan & The Rhythm Rockers (kontsert 15. sept. Rock Cafés)

  2. 76 FR 40984 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... waters, with high-quality catering provided. As a professional oceanographer I will be sharing my... Excursions, with high-quality catering. Up-close fireworks displays will be seen on weekend evenings when...

  3. Abstract Résumé

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (physicians, nurses, a pharmacist, a nutritionist, clinical officers), administrators ..... 'More education about needs to shift risky culture-driven behaviors like engaging in sexual relationships with ... weekends and nights.' (D). • 'The person in ...

  4. High-energy physics laboratory reaches out to Chicago-area neighbors

    CERN Document Server

    Grady, W

    2004-01-01

    "A meeting this weekend with neighbors might be as important to the future of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory as the improvements in recent years to exotic equipment that sends millions of subatomic particles whizzing through its tunnels" (1 page)

  5. Ataxia-Telangiectasia Children's Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... CURE TEAM Walt Disney World® Marathon Weekend Star Wars™ Half Marathon - The Dark Side ... America New Insights Into Inflammation, Swallowing, and Aging in A-T Testing Drugs to Protect A-T Brain Cells from DNA ...

  6. New York Operation: Military Kids Afterschool Universe Cosmic Camps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaff, N.

    2010-08-01

    The Cornell Center for Radiophysics and Space Research education and public outreach program and the New York State Operation: Military Kids program partnered to plan four weekend "Cosmic Camps" for youth from military families using the NASA Afterschool Universe program.

  7. Los barrios parque y de fin de semana en el mapa de la expansión metropolitana. Buenos Aires, 1910-1950

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ana Gómez

    2015-01-01

      Between 1910 and 1950, the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area experienced a particular type of urban sprawl based on the growth in the construction of garden suburbs and weekend housing developments...

  8. Physical activity level behavior according to the day of the week in postmenopausal women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Eduardo Rossi

    2017-06-01

    Conclusion: Obese post-menopausal women presented decreasing physical activity moderate, vigorous, moderate–vigorous and overall number of counts at the weekends compared to the weekdays and an increase in physical activity light.

  9. Teen Diabetes Quiz

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... physical activity by just: Watching TV and playing video games Going for a walk on the weekend Swimming ... friends All of the above Source: National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) Winter 2008 Issue: Volume 3 Number ...

  10. Certificate program in meeting and event planning to be offered spring 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Felker, Susan B.

    2009-01-01

    Virginia Tech Continuing and Professional Education will again offer a four-weekend-long certificate program in meeting and event planning in spring 2009. This is the second time the program will be available since its inaugural offering in 2008.

  11. Does Cupping = Success for Olympic Athletes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... news/fullstory_160301.html Does 'Cupping' = Success for Olympic Athletes? Telltale red circles of ancient Chinese practice ... Eyebrows raised in Rio over the weekend when Olympic athletes like swimmer Michael Phelps started showing up ...

  12. Kuu plaat : Frida Hyvönen "Hyvönen". Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Linda Hyvönen "Until Death Comes", Pia Fraus "Nature Heart Software", Weekend Guitar Trio "Lava", Arctic Monkeys "Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not", Blacky "See on me meeltele"

  13. 78 FR 12955 - Final Requirements, Definitions, and Selection Criteria-Native American Career and Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... the instructional term (a defined period, such as a semester, trimester, or quarter, within the...; (2) Coaching/mentoring, support services, and extra help for students after school, on weekends...

  14. Let's Talk...and Listen

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... provider communication and increased involvement of patients in decision-making are associated with improved behavioral, biological and quality ... on the weekends, but I don’t feel good about walking the mile to the lake,” and ...

  15. Achilles Tendinitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... people who play sports, such as tennis or basketball, only on the weekends. Most cases of Achilles ... soft tissues such as tendons, they may help rule out other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. ...

  16. Plaadid / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Klaus König "Black Moments", Weekend Players "Pursuit Of Happiness", Da Buzz "Wanna Be With Me?", Covenant "Northern Light", Tracy Chapman "Lett It Rain", Jeff "Tain" Watts "Bar Talk", Marco "Anna aega", Cassius "Aau Reve"

  17. Kuu plaat : Frida Hyvönen "Hyvönen". Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Linda Hyvönen "Until Death Comes", Pia Fraus "Nature Heart Software", Weekend Guitar Trio "Lava", Arctic Monkeys "Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not", Blacky "See on me meeltele"

  18. Information transfer to out-of-hours co-operatives: a survey of general practitioners' views in relation to palliative patients.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kiely, Fiona

    2013-12-01

    In Ireland, weekend and night medical cover for community based patients is largely provided by general practice co-operatives. Doctors working in this service do not have direct access to patients\\' medical records which challenges continuity of care.

  19. Plaadid / Heidi Purga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purga, Heidy, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Gang Starr "Mass Appeal: The Best Of", Nas "Hiphop Is Dead", The Beatles "Love", Block Party " A Weekend In The City", Pet Shop Boys "Concrete", Keith Urban "Love, Pain & the Whole Crazy Thing", 2Marquess"

  20. housing tenure, residential moves and children's educational ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, KNUST, Kumasi. ABSTRACT ... ing of parents and whether residential moves experienced during ... prisingly large advantage of home ownership in .... completed over the weekend and returned the.

  1. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Courtyard by Marriott Beijing Weekend Delights Close to the Beijing train station, the Temple of Heaven and the famous Hongqiao Market, the Courtyard by Marriott Beijing is the ideal place to stay. From now until May 2006, check into a superior room for only 700 yuan net per night during the weekend (Friday, Saturday, Sunday) and enjoy complimentary buffet breakfast for up to two people.

  2. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Days Hotel & Suites Beijing Weekend Seafood Buffet Pamper yourself with sumptuous seafood delicacies for a delightful weekend! With a wide variety of well chosen fresh seafood, including lobster, shark's fin, oysters and sashimi, tuck into our specially created seafood buffet featuring a huge selection of cold and hot seafood dishes, grilled seafood tailored to your personal taste and many sorts of delicate seafood soups, accompanied by an assortment of Chinese

  3. Stroke Mortality, Clinical Presentation and Day of Arrival: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily C. O'Brien

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Recent studies report that acute stroke patients who present to the hospital on weekends have higher rates of 28-day mortality than similar patients who arrive during the week. However, how this association is related to clinical presentation and stroke type has not been systematically investigated. Methods and Results. We examined the association between day of arrival and 28-day mortality in 929 validated stroke events in the ARIC cohort from 1987–2004. Weekend arrival was defined as any arrival time from midnight Friday until midnight Sunday. Mortality was defined as all-cause fatal events from the day of arrival through the 28th day of followup. The presence or absence of thirteen stroke signs and symptoms were obtained through medical record review for each event. Binomial logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (OR; 95% CI for the association between weekend arrival and 28-day mortality for all stroke events and for stroke subtypes. The overall risk of 28-day mortality was 9.6% for weekday strokes and 10.1% for weekend strokes. In models controlling for patient demographics, clinical risk factors, and event year, weekend arrival was not associated with 28-day mortality (0.87; 0.51, 1.50. When stratified by stroke type, weekend arrival was not associated with increased odds of mortality for ischemic (1.17, 0.62, 2.23 or hemorrhagic (0.37; 0.11, 1.26 stroke patients. Conclusions. Presence or absence of thirteen signs and symptoms was similar for weekday patients and weekend patients when stratified by stroke type. Weekend arrival was not associated with 28-day all-cause mortality or differences in symptom presentation for strokes in this cohort.

  4. A fatal blow to Sunday driving in 1973

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Michael

    2011-01-01

    The Yom Kippur war in October 1973 resulted in an oil embargo from OPEC (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) and as a consequence for eleven weekends it was strictly forbidden to drive on Sundays in Denmark –similar measures were taken in western Germany and the Netherlands. The ban...... was in effect from 25 November 1973 and lasted for eleven weekends, to 19 February 1974, although 23 December was the exception to this rule – well it was Christmas, after all....

  5. Are short daily trips compensated by higher leisure mobility?

    OpenAIRE

    Petter Næss

    2006-01-01

    Studies in several cities have shown that inner-city residents travel shorter distances and use cars less for local transport than suburbanites do. However, according to some authors, a low daily amount of travel is likely to be compensated through more extensive leisure mobility at weekends and on holidays. On the basis of a study of residential location and travel in the Copenhagen metropolitan area, this paper addresses the phenomenon of compensatory travel. For travel within ‘weekend trip...

  6. The Influence of Time Spent in Outdoor Play on Daily and Aerobic Step Count in Costa Rican Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morera Castro, Maria del Rocio

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of time spent in outdoor play (i.e., on weekday and weekend days) on daily (i.e., average step count) and aerobic step count (i.e., average moderate to vigorous physical activity [MVPA] during the weekdays and weekend days) in fifth grade Costa Rican children. It was hypothesized that: (a)…

  7. Effect of the time of diagnosis on outcome in patients with acute venous thromboembolism. Findings from the RIETE Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecumberri, Ramón; Soler, Silvia; Del Toro, Jorge; Barba, Raquel; Rosa, Vladimir; Ciammaichella, Maurizio M; Monreal, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    The influence of the day of diagnosis (weekends vs. weekdays) on outcome in patients with acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) has not been thoroughly studied. We used the RIETE database to compare the clinical characteristics, treatment details, and mortality rate at 7 and 30 days, of all patients diagnosed with acute VTE on weekends versus those diagnosed on weekdays. Up to January 2010, 30,394 patients were included in RIETE, of whom 5,479 (18%) were diagnosed on weekends. Most clinical characteristics were similar in both groups, but patients diagnosed on weekends had less often cancer (20% vs. 22%; p=0.004), and presented more likely with pulmonary embolism (PE) than those diagnosed on weekdays (52% vs. 47%; p <0.001). Most patients in both groups received initial therapy with low-molecular-weight heparin (90% and 91%, respectively; p=0.01), then switched to vitamin K antagonists (72% and 71%, respectively; p=0.007). The 7-day mortality rate in patients presenting with PE was 2.75% in those diagnosed on weekends versus 3.00% in those diagnosed on weekdays (p=0.49). At 30 days, the mortality rate was 6.51% versus 6.06%, respectively (p=0.38). In patients presenting with deep vein thrombosis alone, the 7-day mortality rate in those diagnosed on weekends was 1.04% versuss 0.66% in those diagnosed on weekdays (p=0.053). The mortality rate at 30 days was of 3.41% versus 2.88% (p=0.14), respectively. In RIETE, the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies, and 7- and 30-day mortality rates of patients diagnosed on weekends were similar to those in patients diagnosed on weekdays.

  8. The relationship between media use in the bedroom, sleep habits and symptoms of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunborg, Geir Scott; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Molde, Helge; Myrseth, Helga; Skouverøe, Knut Joachim Mår; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Pallesen, Ståle

    2011-12-01

    This postal questionnaire study investigated the use of media in the bedroom and its relationships with sleep habits and symptoms of insomnia. The sample comprised 2500 individuals aged 16-40 years drawn randomly from the Norwegian national register. A total of 816 (34.0%) completed and returned the questionnaire. Respondents were asked how often they used computers, television sets, DVD players, game consoles and mobile telephones and listened to music/radio in their bedrooms. They also reported sleep habits on weekdays and at weekends/days off and symptoms of insomnia. After controlling for gender, age, anxiety and depression, the respondents who used a computer in the bedroom 'often' compared to 'rarely' rose later on weekdays and at weekends/days off, turned off the lights to go to sleep later at weekends/days off, slept more hours at weekends/days off and had a greater discrepancy between turning off the lights to go to sleep on weekdays and at weekends/days off. Respondents who used a mobile telephone in their bedrooms at night 'often' compared to 'rarely' turned off the lights to go to sleep later on weekdays and at weekends/days off, and rose later at weekends/days off. No such differences were found with the use of the other media. There were also no significant differences in symptoms of insomnia. This study indicates that the use of computers and mobile telephones in the bedroom are related to poor sleep habits, but that media use in the bedroom seems to be unrelated to symptoms of insomnia.

  9. Influence of percutaneous stimulation of hepatic region with mid-frequency pulse current on the activity of serum GSH-PX, SOD, T-AOC and the content of malondialdehyde in exercise-induced fatigued soldiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng-yi DAI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To explore the influence of percutaneous stimulation of the hepatic region with mid-frequency pulsed current on the serum activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX, superoxide dismutase (SOD and total antioxidant capacity and content of malondialdehyde (MDA in exercise-induced fatigued soldiers. Methods  Sixty healthy male recruits without training history were randomly divided into control group and stimulation group (n=30. Subjects in both groups received intensive training for 5 weeks (trained from Monday to Saturday, and rest on Sunday to establish an exercise-induced fatigue model. The recruits in stimulation group received rehabilitation therapy of percutaneous stimulation of the hepatic region with mid-frequency pulse current (frequency was 1024Hz, dynamic cycle 1s, stimulation time 20min, output intensity ≤80mA after the training immediately. In every Sunday morning of the 1st, 3rd and 5th week, venous blood samples were obtained from recruits of both groups for determination of the serum activity of GSH-PX, SOD and T-AOC and content of MDA. Results  In both groups, the serum activity of GSH-PX and T-AOC on 5th weekend was lower than that of 1st and 3rd weekends, and the serum activity of GSH-PX and T-AOC on 3rd weekend was lower than that of 1st weekend (P0.05; the serum MDA content on 5th weekend was higher than that of 3rd and 1st weekends, and the content on 3rd weekend was higher than that of 1st weekend (P<0.01. The activity of GSH-PX, SOD and T-AOC increased and the MDA content decreased on 1st, 3rd and 5th weekends in stimulation group when compared with control group (P<0.05, P<0.01. Conclusions  The percutaneous stimulation of the hepatic region by mid-frequency pulsed current in exercise-induced fatigued soldiers may improve the activity of antioxidant enzymes in the liver, enhance the function of antioxidant system, promote free radical scavenging, delay the occurrence of and promote the recovery from

  10. The Influence of Photolysis Rate Constants in Ozone Production for the Paso del Norte Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becerra, Fernando; Fitzgerald, Rosa

    2012-03-01

    In this research work we are focusing on understanding the relationship between photolysis rates and the photochemical ozone changes observed in the Paso del Norte region. The city of El Paso, Texas together with Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, forms the largest contiguous bi-national metropolitan area. This region suffers year-round ozone pollution events, and a better understanding is needed to mitigate them. Previous studies have found that ambient ozone concentrations tend to be higher on weekends rather than on weekdays, this phenomenon being referred to, as the ``weekend effect.'' If the ozone standard is exceeded more frequently on weekends, then this phenomenon must be considered in the design of ozone control strategies. In this work we investigate some of the most representative weekend ozone episodes at El Paso, TX, during the years 2009, 2010 and 2011 using the ozone photolysis rates. In this research the TUV radiative-transfer model is used to calculate the local photolysis rates and a UV MFRSR instrument is used to obtain experimental parameters. Seasonal variations and the weekday-weekend effect is studied. The results of this research will help to understand the underlying behavior of the photolysis rate constants when different atmospheric conditions are present.

  11. An investigation into the minimum accelerometry wear time for reliable estimates of habitual physical activity and definition of a standard measurement day in pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hislop, Jane; Law, James; Rush, Robert; Grainger, Andrew; Bulley, Cathy; Reilly, John J; Mercer, Tom

    2014-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the number of hours and days of accelerometry data necessary to provide a reliable estimate of habitual physical activity in pre-school children. The impact of a weekend day on reliability estimates was also determined and standard measurement days were defined for weekend and weekdays.Accelerometry data were collected from 112 children (60 males, 52 females, mean (SD) 3.7 (0.7)yr) over 7 d. The Spearman-Brown Prophecy formula (S-B prophecy formula) was used to predict the number of days and hours of data required to achieve an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.7. The impact of including a weekend day was evaluated by comparing the reliability coefficient (r) for any 4 d of data with data for 4 d including one weekend day.Our observations indicate that 3 d of accelerometry monitoring, regardless of whether it includes a weekend day, for at least 7 h  d(-1) offers sufficient reliability to characterise total physical activity and sedentary behaviour of pre-school children. These findings offer an approach that addresses the underlying tension in epidemiologic surveillance studies between the need to maintain acceptable measurement rigour and retention of a representatively meaningful sample size.

  12. Drinking pattern and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seppä, K; Laippala, P; Sillanaukee, P

    1994-03-01

    Large amounts of alcohol are known to increase blood pressure. There is little evidence about the effect of binge drinking of alcohol on blood pressure, although this is the dominant style of alcohol drinking in several countries. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between binge drinking and blood pressure using daily heavy drinkers as a reference group. We examined 260 consecutive nonalcoholic 40- and 45-year-old men participating in a health screening. There were 37 teetotalers, 147 social drinkers, 62 weekend heavy drinkers attending the health screening 2 to 7 days after binge drinking, and 14 men who drank heavily every day. Group division was made using self-reported alcohol consumption and a structured alcohol questionnaire. Blood pressure was measured manually by a mercury manometer. BMDP statistical software was used in the statistical analysis of the material. The diastolic blood pressure of weekend heavy drinkers (mean intake during the weekend, 289 g) did not differ from that found in teetotalers but systolic blood pressure was slightly higher (5 mm Hg, P = .04). In contrast, daily heavy drinkers (mean intake during the weekend [Friday to Saturday], 151 g) had significantly higher systolic (8 mm Hg, P = .04) and diastolic (6 mm Hg, P = .05) blood pressure values than teetotalers. We conclude that different drinking habits seem to have different effects on blood pressure, those of daily heavy drinking being more prominent than those of weekend heavy drinking.

  13. Objectively Measured Patterns of Activities of Different Intensity Categories and Steps Taken Among Working Adults in a Multi-ethnic Asian Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Riemenschneider, Falk; Ng, Sheryl Hui Xian; Koh, David; Chu, Anne Hin Yee

    2016-06-01

    To objectively assess sedentary behavior (SB), light- and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), and steps among Singaporean office-based workers across days of the week. A convenience sample of office-based employees of a public University was recruited. Time spent for SB, light-, and MVPA using different validated accelerometry counts per minute (CPM), and step count were determined. Depending on applied CPM for SB (less than 100, less than 150 and less than 200 CPM), 107 working adults spent between 69.2% and 76.4% of their daily wakeful time in SB. Time spent in SB and MVPA were higher on weekdays than weekends. The hourly analysis highlights patterns of greater SB during usual working hours on weekdays but not on weekends. SB at work contributes greatly toward total daily sitting time. Low PA levels and high SB levels were found on weekends.

  14. Daily School Context of Adolescents' Single Best Friendship and Adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witkow, Melissa R; Rickert, Nicolette P; Cullen, Laura E

    2017-01-01

    Research on adolescent best friendships typically focuses on school-based friendships, ignoring important differences between classroom-based and out-of-school friendships. With data from 156 ninth-grade students, many of whom named more than 1 best friend across the 14-day period, the authors examined associations between the daily school context of one's best friendship and adjustment. Benefits of in-grade best friendships were found in academic engagement when a composite was assessed across the 2-week period. Daily findings were more complex and were different between weekends and school days. Out-of-grade best friends were named more frequently on weekends, and on weekend days in which they named an out-of-school best friend participants spent more time with that friend but felt like less of a good student. Implications for our understanding of friendship context and for the measurement of friendship itself are discussed.

  15. Weekly variation of atmospheric particle micromorphology and chemistry in Brussels urban environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaady, Eli; Carati, D; Brenig, L; Vanderstraeten, P; Lénelle, Y; Meurrens, A; Offer, Z Y

    2010-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of urban activities on airborne particle dynamics during weekend periods in Brussels urban area. Differences in the granulometry and micromorphology between particles sampled on working days and weekends were studied. We quantified the area, size, number, and the chemistry parameters of the airborne particles and compared between Saturday, Sunday, and Monday. We report and analyze data on airborne particles up to PM10, measured in the Brussels region from October 2002 to September 2003. Our investigation reveals detailed information regarding chemical composition of the airborne particles over the weekend period in the Brussels urban area. Furthermore, the majority of the airborne particles in the Brussels region may belong to sources geographically outside the (in situ) Brussels area.

  16. Patterns of habitual physical activity in youth with and without Prader-Willi Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castner, Diobel M; Tucker, Jared M; Wilson, Kathleen S; Rubin, Daniela A

    2014-11-01

    Children classified as overweight or obese and those with disabilities are at a greater risk of not meeting the minimum recommendation of 60 min a day of moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA). Youth with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) appear to participate in less PA compared to nonsyndromal children, likely due to syndrome-related factors. However, description of PA patterns in youth with PWS is lacking. The purpose of this study was to characterize PA in youth with PWS and to compare it to PA in children with nonsyndromal obesity. Twenty-four youth with PWS (ages 8-16 years) and 40 obese children without PWS (OB) (ages 8-11 years) wore accelerometers for eight consecutive days. Data were screened for compliance and classified into PA intensities: sedentary behavior (SED), light (LPA), moderate (MPA), vigorous (VPA) and moderate plus vigorous (MVPA). Youth with PWS spent 19.4% less time in weekly LPA (p=0.007) and 29.8% less time in weekly VPA compared to OB controls (p=0.036). All other intensities were similar between groups. In addition, PWS participated in less LPA and VPA during the weekends compared to OB, and less LPA on weekdays when compared to OB. There was also a trend towards PWS participating in less MVPA during the weekends and less VPA during the weekends than OB controls. There was a trend towards PWS participating in less VPA on weekends compared to weekdays, while OB participated similarly in VPA on weekdays and weekend days. On average, neither PWS nor OB children met minimum MVPA recommendations. The results suggest there is a need to design exercise programs for PWS youth that focus on integrating vigorous intensity activities, especially during the weekends when structured PA may not be available. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Admission to hospital with community-onset bloodstream infection during the 'after hours' is not associated with an increased risk for death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laupland, Kevin B

    2010-12-01

    Several studies conducted in diverse patient populations have found that patients presenting with acute illness during weekends or evening/nights are at increased risk for death. This study was conducted to examine whether patients with community-onset bloodstream infections who are admitted during evenings, nights, and weekends suffer increased mortality rates. All residents within the Calgary area who had first admissions with community-onset bloodstream infections during 2000-2008 were included. One thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight (27%) patients were admitted on a weekend. Among all admissions, 2753 (40%) were during the hours of 08:00-17:59, 1996 (29%) during 18:00-22:59, and 2174 (31%) during 23:00-07:59. More than two-thirds (n = 4867; 70%) of cases were admitted during the 'after hours' (evenings, nights, and/or weekends). The 30-day case-fatality rate was 13% (882/6923) and did not significantly vary between daytime (364/2753; 13%), evening (246/1996; 12%), and night (272/2174; 13%) admissions (p = 0.6), or with patients admitted on weekends as compared to weekdays (252/1878 (13%) vs. 630/5045 (12%); p = 0.3). Admission during the after hours (weekends and evenings/nights) was not associated with increased risk for death in logistic regression analysis (odds ratio 0.99, 95% confidence interval 0.83-1.16; p = 0.88). Admission with community-onset bloodstream infection during the after hours is not associated with adverse outcome in this region.

  18. Sedentary Behavior among National Elite Rowers during Off-Training—A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Billy Sperlich

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this pilot study was to analyze the off-training physical activity (PA profile in national elite German U23 rowers during 31 days of their preparation period. The hours spent in each PA category (i.e., sedentary: <1.5 metabolic equivalents (MET; light physical activity: 1.5–3 MET; moderate physical activity: 3–6 MET and vigorous intense physical activity: >6 MET were calculated for every valid day (i.e., >480 min of wear time. The off-training PA during 21 weekdays and 10 weekend days of the final 11-week preparation period was assessed by the wrist-worn multisensory device Microsoft Band II (MSBII. A total of 11 rowers provided valid data (i.e., >480 min/day for 11.6 week days and 4.8 weekend days during the 31 days observation period. The average sedentary time was 11.63 ± 1.25 h per day during the week and 12.49 ± 1.10 h per day on the weekend, with a tendency to be higher on the weekend compared to weekdays (p = 0.06; d = 0.73. The average time in light, moderate and vigorous PA during the weekdays was 1.27 ± 1.15, 0.76 ± 0.37, 0.51 ± 0.44 h per day, and 0.67 ± 0.43, 0.59 ± 0.37, 0.53 ± 0.32 h per weekend day. Light physical activity was higher during weekdays compared to the weekend (p = 0.04; d = 0.69. Based on our pilot study of 11 national elite rowers we conclude that rowers display a considerable sedentary off-training behavior of more than 11.5 h/day.

  19. Flying To Mars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周铭杨

    2015-01-01

    <正>Do you know"Mars migration programme"by SpaceX?It’s an immigrant plan to a planet—Mars,Sounds incredible,isn’t it?After two-round tests,Li Dapeng,graduating from Handan NO.1 high school in 2001,was selected.There entered four Chinese in final test.To be more precise,Li is the only one who comes from the mainland of China.Last weekend,Li came to our school for a speech.Driven by

  20. The Cobra group on a visit to Bregnerød

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baumeister, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the Cobra-meeting in Bregnerød. It exemplifies the interior painting of the weekend retreat of the Royal academy´s architecture students and contextualizes the event within the European postwar discourse of a synthesis of the arts.......This article describes the Cobra-meeting in Bregnerød. It exemplifies the interior painting of the weekend retreat of the Royal academy´s architecture students and contextualizes the event within the European postwar discourse of a synthesis of the arts....

  1. Cobra-Gruppens besøg i Bregnerød

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baumeister, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the Cobra-meeting in Bregnerød. It exemplifies the interior painting of the weekend retreat of the Royal academy´s architecture students and contextualizes the event within the European postwar discourse of a synthesis of the arts.......This article describes the Cobra-meeting in Bregnerød. It exemplifies the interior painting of the weekend retreat of the Royal academy´s architecture students and contextualizes the event within the European postwar discourse of a synthesis of the arts....

  2. 度洛西汀与帕罗西汀治疗抑郁症对照分析%A comparative study of duloxetine and paroxetine in the treatment of patients with depression.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安旭光; 杜建艳; 左津淮; 陈新英

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate efficacy and safety of duloxetine and paroxetine for patients with depression.Methods A total of 58 patients with depression were randomized into duloxetine group with 28 patients and paroxetine group with 30 patients for 6 - week treatment. They were assessed with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale - 17 items (HAMD -17) for clinical efficacy and Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) for side effects at the baseline, 1st weekend, 2nd weekend, 4th weekend and 6th weekend. Results Compared with the baseline, the scores of HAMD -17 in two groups significantly decreased at the 1st weekend and lasting to the 6th weekend (P <0.05). At the 6th weekend, the effective rates in duloxetine group and paroxetine group were 73.3% and 78.8% respectively (P >0.05), the clinical cure rates were 53.3% and 57.6% respectively (P>0.05). Score of HAMD in duloxetine group was significantly lower than that in paroxetine group at the 1st weekend (P < 0.05 ). The most common adverse effects in duloxetine group were insomnia, dizziness, nausea, and hyperhidrosis. Conclusion Duloxetine is as effective as paroxetine for treatment of depression, and takes effect rapidly with high safety and slight adverse effects.%目的 探讨度洛西汀和帕罗西汀对抑郁症的疗效及安全性.方法 58例符合CCMD-3诊断标准的抑郁症患者随机分为度洛西汀组28例和帕罗西汀组30例,共治疗6周,用汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD,17项)评定疗效,不良反应量表(TESS)评定治疗中出现的不良反应.结果 两组HAMD评分从治疗1周起明显下降(P0.05).治疗第l周末度洛西汀组HAMD评分显著低于帕罗西汀组(P<0.05).度洛西汀最常见的不良反应为失眠、头晕、恶心、多汗.结论 度洛西汀治疗抑郁症疗效与帕罗西汀相当,且起效快、不良反应轻微、安全性高.

  3. Implementation plan for the Operations Center Upgrade project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pope, N.G.; Brown, R.E.; Turner, W.J.; Courtney, K.; Joseph, E.L.; Jones, D.; Pruett, S.

    1996-06-01

    The crossover from the existing TA-55 Facility Control System to a newly constructed system will be implemented over a four-month period beginning the first week in January, 1997. Personnel requirements and task duration have been established using planning and scheduling project management techniques. Each facility subsystem will be crossed over on individual four-day maintenance weekends during which building PF-4 will be exclusively reserved for these tasks. Each subsystem will be validated prior to the resumption of normal programmatic activities. PF-4 will be open for normal activities between each four-day maintenance weekend. Crossover will not begin until specifically outlined tasks are completed.

  4. Don't miss the Announcements and Events sections of the Bulletin!

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    There you'll find information on the new EDMS, the 37th CERN School of Computing, the Safety Bulletin 2014-2, the opening times for CERN restaurants over the Easter weekend, the 2014 Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics, the Diversity in Action Workshop, the Raspberry Pi programming day... this information is FOR YOU!

  5. Muusika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Weekend Guitar trio osales kahel rahvusvahelisel festivalil. 5. X toimus Jõhvi kontserdimaja ehituse alustamise pidulik tseremoonia. Rakvere gümnaasiumis saavad kokku muusikakoolide õpetajad üle Eestimaa. 9. X toimuvast raadiokontserdist "Tallinn Jazz Studio". 8. - 9. X toimub Tallinnas kontrabassifestival "Ludvig Juht 110". Pärnu Linnavalitsus andis Pärnu linna 2004. aasta muusikapreemia Ave Sopile. Algas sari "Raekontsert"

  6. Noobel: Nõmme Lunastaja kirik / Jüri Kuuskemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuskemaa, Jüri, 1942-

    2009-01-01

    Nõmme Lunastaja kirikust (arhitekt Robert Natus, valmis 1936). Eesti taasiseseisvumisel kingiti krunt ja hooned Nõmme eesti luterlaste Rahu kogudusele. Restaureerimisprojekti kirikule ja pastoraadile tegi Fredi Tomps, kes kavandas ka uue altari, kantsli ja seinapaneelid. Osteti uus orel ja pingistik. 20. augustil annavad kirikus kontserdi Kadri Hunt ja Weekend Guitar Trio

  7. Effects of hospital delivery during off-hours on perinatal outcome in several subgroups: a retrospective cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gijsen, R.; Hukkelhoven, C.W.; Schipper, C.M.; Ogbu, U.C.; Bruin-Kooistra, M. de; Westert, G.P.

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated a higher risk of adverse outcomes among infants born or admitted during off-hours, as compared to office hours, leading to questions about quality of care provide during off-hours (weekend, evening or night). We aim to determine the relationship betwee

  8. Particles are back in the LHC!

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Last weekend (23-25 October) particles once again entered the LHC after the one-year interruption following the incident of September 2008. Particles travelled through one sector clockwise and one anticlockwise. ALICE and LHCb, the two experiments sitting along the portion of the beam lines in question, were able to observe the first effects of real beams in the machine.

  9. Balancing the Equation: The Effect of Alternate Course Formats on Retention and Performance of Adult Elementary Algebra Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Jeremiah A.

    2010-01-01

    With the rise of nontraditional students at the college level, nontraditional course formats have been added to address student need. These alternate course formats include online, weekend, short-term, and computer assisted instruction courses. The purpose of this study was to look at the effect of these alternate course formats on student…

  10. MIND OVER MATTER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Fu

    2012-01-01

    It was the first weekend of Oc- tober, New York was still toasty and rosy, Chelsea still a month from the brunt of Hurricane Sandy, and we, relishing both the weather and our mobility, moseyed on up to Long Is- land City for the seventh annual NY Art Book Fair.

  11. An Empirical Investigation of the MBA Admission Criteria for Nontraditional Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, M. Robert, Jr.; King, Thomas E.

    1994-01-01

    An off-campus MBA program involved 467 nontraditional students in individual assignments and 2 intensive weekend classes. Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) scores, undergraduate grade point average, and work experience were the best predictors of success in the program. For those admitted as exceptions, GMAT score and undergraduate…

  12. The Consumption of Convenience Foods : Reference Groups and Eating Situations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verlegh, P.W.J.; Candel, M.J.J.M.

    1999-01-01

    The theory of reasoned action was applied to study situational influence on the consumption of TV dinners. We investigated five situations, which were either time-related (weekdays vs weekends) or social (''dinner alone'', ''dinner with family'', and ''dinner with friends''). The intention to use a

  13. Brief Report: Association between Socio-Demographic Factors, Screen Media Usage and Physical Activity by Type of Day in Spanish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devis-Devis, Jose; Peiro-Velert, Carmen; Beltran-Carrillo, Vicente J.; Tomas, Jose Manuel

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between socio-demographic factors, screen media time usage, and light, moderate and vigorous activities on weekdays and weekends. Cross-sectional data was collected from 323 Spanish adolescents (mean age 13.59 years) who completed an interview administered recall questionnaire. Structural equation models…

  14. The Classroom Animal: Snails.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, David S.

    1985-01-01

    Points out that snails are interesting and easily-managed classroom animals. One advantage of this animal is that it requires no special attention over weekends or holidays. Background information, anatomy, reproduction, and feeding are discussed, along with suggestions for housing aquatic and/or land snails. (DH)

  15. Practical Wisdom in Horse Racing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGKEPING

    2003-01-01

    JUNE is a significant month in China, as this is when the state university entrance exams take place. In Beijing over 80,000 participated in this highly competitive event on the June 7/8 weekend. Prior to the exams the media carried a wealth of brainstorming suggestions as

  16. A Standard of Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheat, Dave; Cramer, James E.; Cramer, Mary Kay

    2000-01-01

    Principals can support teachers' pursuit of National Board of Professional Teaching Standards certification by learning about the NBPTS's certification process, putting candidates in contact with NBPTS support programs, facilitating access to technology, providing building access on weekends, volunteering to photocopy or obtain needed materials,…

  17. 6 Project-Management Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demski, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    When it comes to project management, the IT department is typically its own worst enemy. When project requests are pushed through the budgeting process by different departments, it's up to IT to make them all work. The staff is required to be "heroic" to get the project load done. People get to work over weekends and postpone their vacations. The…

  18. Associations of Truancy, Perceived School Performance, and Mental Health with Alcohol Consumption among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtes, Muriel; Bannink, Rienke; Joosten-van Zwanenburg, Evelien; van As, Els; Raat, Hein; Broeren, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    Background: This study examined associations of truancy, perceived school performance, and mental health with adolescents' week, weekend, and binge drinking. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1167 secondary school students of Dutch ethnicity (mean age, 15.9 years, SD?=?0.69). Alcohol consumption, truancy, perceived school…

  19. A Life-Saving Cause

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    As more people donate blood, the government is working to ensure that the nation's blood supply is safe, for both donors and recipients After a long winter, shopping areas in downtown Beijing began to revive their festive weekend atmosphere in March, as spring returned. Sun Ying joined the hustle and bustle to window shop in Xidan, a commercial dis-

  20. Connecting Children's Worlds: Creating a Multilingual Syncretic Curriculum through Partnership between Complementary and Mainstream Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenner, Charmian; Ruby, Mahera

    2013-01-01

    Children from minority-language backgrounds have multiple sites of learning: home, community, mainstream school, and in some cases complementary school where they study their mother tongue after school or at weekends. However, due to the institutional constraints of an education system based on monolingual principles, mainstream teachers are often…

  1. Daily Associations of Stress and Eating in Mother-Child Dyads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunton, Genevieve F.; Dzubur, Eldin; Huh, Jimi; Belcher, Britni R.; Maher, Jaclyn P.; O'Connor, Sydney; Margolin, Gayla

    2017-01-01

    Background and Aims. This study used Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) in mother-child dyads to examine the day-level associations of stress and eating. Method. Mothers and their 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 167 dyads) completed between three (weekday) and eight (weekend) EMA survey prompts per day at random nonschool times across 8 days.…

  2. Correlates of physical activity in 2-year-old toddlers: The generation R study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, A.I.; Kooijman, M.N.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Vries, S.I. de; Henrichs, J.; Jansen, W.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Hofman, A.; Moll, H.A.; Raat, H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design: A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information o

  3. The cafeteria terrace

    CERN Document Server

    1987-01-01

    The large terrace area outside Restaurant 1 at CERN is a hive of activity in the summer. Visitors and staff members meet here for breaks from work. Often the air is filled with discussion in many different accents and languages on topics from theoretical physics to the weekend's activities.

  4. Football: Action on the Gridiron

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Phyllis

    2010-01-01

    On any fall weekend across the United States, football reigns as the nation's favorite sport. Thousands of high school teams, the pride of communities from coast to coast, compete under the lights on Friday nights. Saturdays feature the tradition and pageantry of college football. Sundays belong to the 32 professional teams that play in the major…

  5. Zhu Yanyan—a White-collar Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    EACH weekend Shanghai people refresh themselves after their work week by listening to the sweet and soft voice narrating a special travel program on the Shanghai Broadcasting Station. They follow the narrator as she explains the history, the present situations and the development

  6. A spot of bother

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Simon Pirie

    2007-01-01

    @@ That Easter weekend I was on four night shifts. The first night was busy, and I went to sleep early the next day, but typically I was awake again within an hour and a half: a fire alarm had been set off by someone cooking in the hospital accommodation. "Good start," I thought.

  7. An Empirical Investigation of the MBA Admission Criteria for Nontraditional Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carver, M. Robert, Jr.; King, Thomas E.

    1994-01-01

    An off-campus MBA program involved 467 nontraditional students in individual assignments and 2 intensive weekend classes. Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) scores, undergraduate grade point average, and work experience were the best predictors of success in the program. For those admitted as exceptions, GMAT score and undergraduate…

  8. Online Branches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2002-01-01

    Many people dislike walking to the bank and standing in long lines. They are dissatisfied with their bank's limited hours, too. They want to do some banking at night, and on weekends. For such people, their problems may soon be over.

  9. Outdoor Workers' Use of Sun Protection at Work and Leisure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheryl E. Peters

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: This high-participation rate cohort helps characterize sun protection behaviors among outdoor workers. Workers practiced better sun protection at work than on weekends, suggesting that workplace policies supportive of sun protection could be useful for skin cancer prevention in the construction industry.

  10. The organizational structure of an intensive care unit influences treatment of hypotension among critically ill patients: A retrospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boone, M Dustin; Massa, Jennifer; Mueller, Ariel; Jinadasa, Sayuri P; Lee, Joon; Kothari, Rishi; Scott, Daniel J; Callahan, Julie; Celi, Leo Anthony; Hacker, Michele R

    2016-06-01

    Prior studies report that weekend admission to an intensive care unit is associated with increased mortality, potentially attributed to the organizational structure of the unit. This study aims to determine whether treatment of hypotension, a risk factor for mortality, differs according to level of staffing. Using the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care database, we conducted a retrospective study of patients admitted to an intensive care unit at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center who experienced one or more episodes of hypotension. Episodes were categorized according to the staffing level, defined as high during weekday daytime (7 am-7 pm) and low during weekends or nighttime (7 pm-7 am). Patients with a hypotensive event on a weekend were less likely to be treated compared with those that occurred during the weekday daytime (P = .02). No association between weekday daytime vs weekday nighttime staffing levels and treatment of hypotension was found (risk ratio, 1.02; 95% confidence interval, 0.98-1.07). Patients with a hypotensive event on a weekend were less likely to be treated than patients with an event during high-staffing periods. No association between weekday nighttime staffing and hypotension treatment was observed. We conclude that treatment of a hypotensive episode relies on more than solely staffing levels. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Barriers to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Within the Military Healthcare System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    1997). Barriers encountered in osteoporosis prevention are related to the fear that estrogen therapy is harmful (Salamone, Barriers to Health...immunization, mammography, cervical Papanicolaou smear, and physical examination (Dutton, 1986; Elnicki, Morris, & Shockcor, 1995). Provider-Consumer...waiting times at appointments, lack of evening and weekend appointments, inadequate physical space, and inadequate facilities for child care also

  12. School attendance and daily respiratory symptoms in children: influence of moisture damage.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Casas, L.; Espinosa, A.; Pekkanen, J.; Asikainen, A.; Borràs-Santos, A.; Jacobs, J.; Krop, E.; Täubel, M.; Hyvärinen, A.; Heederik, D.; Zock, J.P.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: We investigated the effect of weekends and school holidays on the daily frequency and severity of respiratory and other symptoms among children attending schools with (index) or without (reference) moisture damage in Spain, the Netherlands and Finland. Methods: Throughout one year, paren

  13. Correlates of Physical Activity in 2-Year-Old Toddlers : The Generation R Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, Anne I.; Kooijman, Marjolein N.; Kiefte-de Jong, Jessica C.; de Vries, Sanne I.; Henrichs, Jens; Jansen, Wilma; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V.; Hofman, Albert; Moll, Henriette A.; Raat, Hein

    2013-01-01

    Objective To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information on

  14. Leadership Handbook for the Armor Officer. Volume 2. Headaches, Heartbeats, and Hamstrings: A Guide to Company Level Duties and Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    rctcs 8h reaiztiotathe s ollwi. cors ththsbeucssu o tesi imlrcr mtne !-- ",/,,"-,. bolsters.’.-’ his.. confdene ad.ecouage.h. to.. adhere... Vulcan - Antiaircraft Weapon System w -With wa- Weather I WESS - Weapons Effect Signature Simulator WESTCC14 - US Army Western Command WETS - Weekend

  15. Special radio call signal, HW6SPS, used on the SPS Inauguration Day

    CERN Document Server

    Sagnell, Bengt

    1977-01-01

    CERN had been given a special French call sign for the occasion - HW6SPS - which was used over the weekend to contact a large number of amateur stations in Europe and world-wide to spread the happy message. The stations were manned by ~10 licensed amateur radio operators in SPS.

  16. The influence of the day of the week of hospital admission on the prognosis of stroke patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Juliana B; Goulart, Alessandra Carvalho; Alencar, Airlane P; Lotufo, Paulo A; Bensenor, Isabela M

    2013-04-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the weekday and weekend distribution of stroke case hospital admissions and their respective prognosis based on a sample from the Estudo de Mortalidade e Morbidade do Acidente Vascular Cerebral (EMMA), a cohort of stroke patients admitted to a community hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. We ascertained all consecutive cases of first-time strokes between April 2006 and December 2008 and performed a subsequent one-year follow-up. No association was found between frequency of hospital admissions due to ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes and the specific day of the week on which the admission occurred. However, ten-day and twelve-month case-fatality was higher in hemorrhagic stroke patients admitted at the weekend. We also found that intracerebral hemorrhage patients admitted on weekends had a worse survival rate (50%) compared with those admitted during weekdays (25.6%, P log-rank = 0.03). We found a multivariate hazard ratio of 2.49 (95%CI: 1.10-5.81, P trend = 0.03) for risk of death at the weekend compared to weekdays for intracerebral hemorrhage cases. No difference in survival was observed with respect to the overall sample of stroke or ischemic stroke patients.

  17. Build a Better Future with Love——On Kasukabe City Japan-China Friendship Association’s Donation of a Hope Primary School in Gouxicun Village

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>"If everybody dedicates a little love to others,the world will become a delightful Eden."On a winter weekend,bright sunshine warmed my room.When I turned on the radio,a familiar song wafted from the speaker.The passion of the performer in singing the above words took my mind back to a certain group of

  18. Campus Gyms Offer New Options for Public Body Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YanZhou; Yizhuang

    2003-01-01

    It was 5 Pm on Friday and a nice weekend came again,Mr.Gao changed his sports suit in his office in the downtown area and heaed for Qinghua University in the northern suburb.Gao,graduation from college last june,arranged with his former classmates to swim and play badminton inthe gym in Qinghua.Gao

  19. 40 CFR 91.607 - Test procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... weekends or holidays. (iii) If the manufacturer's service or target is less than the minimum rate specified... target. (3) Service accumulation must be completed on a sufficient number of test engines during... nonroad engine sales for the United States market for the applicable year of 7,500 or greater must...

  20. 40 CFR 89.508 - Test procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rate does not apply on weekends or holidays. (iii) If the manufacturer's service or target is less than... the manufacturer's service target. (3) Service accumulation must be completed on a sufficient number... the Administrator. (1) A manufacturer with projected nonroad engine sales for the United States market...

  1. A Comparison of Student Outcomes and Student Satisfaction in Three MBA Human Resource Management Classes Based on Traditional vs. Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Jane Whitney

    2008-01-01

    The author taught three MBA Human Resource Management classes in the spring term of 2007 at a large private university in Florida. Two of the classes were taught in a 100% online format while the third was taught off campus in a university-owned building in Orlando where students met in a face-to-face, weekend setting. This traditional class was…

  2. Professional bodybuilding and the business of ‘Extreme’ Bodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liokaftos, Dimitrios

    2014-01-01

    -developed leisure industries that thrive there: in packaging the Mr. Olympia as a lifestyle weekend in ‘Sin City,’ bodybuilding entrepreneurs capitalize on Las Vegas' reputation and the various networks and infrastructures of its show, event, tourism, and night-life entertainment industries. Through this discussion...

  3. Conference-Courses for Academic Credit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobes, Marvin

    1979-01-01

    The Wayne State University Studies/Weekend College Program demonstrates a cost effective, flexible model for conference courses. Designed to give adult, part-time students short-term intensive learning experiences, the conference course adapts typical conference activities (guest speakers, films, workshops) to a single or multidisciplinary theme,…

  4. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    SPECIAL OFFER FOR OUR MEMBERS Prices Spring and Summer 2013 Day ticket: same price weekends, public holidays and weekdays: Children from 5 to 15 years old: 30 CHF instead of 39 CHF Adults from 16 years old: 36 CHF instead of 49 CHF Bonus! Free for children under 5 Tickets available at the Staff Association Secretariat.

  5. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2013-01-01

    SPECIAL OFFER FOR OUR MEMBERS Prices Spring and Summer 2013 Day ticket: same price weekends, public holidays and weekdays: – Children from 5 to 15 years old: 30 CHF instead of 39 CHF – Adults from 16 years old: 36 CHF instead of 49 CHF – Bonus! Free for children under 5 Tickets available at the Staff Association Secretariat.

  6. Say "No"to Ecstasy--Ecstasy Use Triggers Deep Depression%拒绝毒品--服用摇头丸,引发抑郁症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jo Revill; 王启国

    2003-01-01

    @@ Just two tablets enough to cause long-term health problems, psychologists ( 心理学家 ) are told Ecstasy ( 摇头丸), the so-called(所谓的) love drug taken by hundreds of thousands each weekend, can result in crippling depression after just a couple of tablets, a study revealed.

  7. Reserve Recruiting and the College Market: Is a New Educational Benefit Needed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asch, Beth; Loughran, David

    2005-01-01

    Rising college enrollment may put college attendance in direct competition with the reserve components. Individuals can easily join a reserve unit while attending college because reservists are generally only obligated to drill one weekend per month and two weeks during the summer. However, reserve participation entails an increasingly high risk…

  8. Reserve Recruiting and the College Market: Is a New Educational Benefit Needed? Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asch, Beth; Loughran, David

    2005-01-01

    Rising college enrollment may put college attendance in direct competition with the reserve components. Individuals can easily join a reserve unit while attending college because reservists are generally only obligated to drill one weekend per month and two weeks during the summer. However, reserve participation entails an increasingly high risk…

  9. Formalizing Knowledge Used in Spectrogram Reading: Acoustic and Perceptual Evidence from Stops

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    questions, but maybe some sushi dinners and ski weekends will help! Keith North for keeping things running smoothly and Dave Shipman, Scott Cyphers...database that is specific to a particular task. The inference engine keeps track of current hypotheses, applicable rules, and a history of rules that

  10. Environmental Educational Youth Action Task Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ab Rahman, Nik Norulaini Nik; Omar, Fatehah Mohd; Kalia, Noorliza; Hasmi, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    An educational environmental youth camp was held comprising of fifty one 16-year old secondary students and facilitated by volunteers from the university and Friends of the Earth, a non profit organization in Penang. A weekend camp on youth action task program was held at an isolated beach packed with activities that were structured towards…

  11. 78 FR 46573 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Opportunity To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... August for the following periods: \\1\\ Or the next business day, if the deadline falls on a weekend... Large Power Transformers A-580-867 2/16/12-7/31/13 Romania: Carbon and Alloy Seamless Standard, Line, 8... Carrier Bags A-549-821. 8/1/12-7/31/13 The People's Republic of China: Floor-Standing, Metal-Top...

  12. Beverage Consumption Patterns among Norwegian Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulsen, Mari Mohn; Myhre, Jannicke Borch; Andersen, Lene Frost

    2016-09-13

    Beverages may be important contributors for energy intake and dietary quality. The purpose of the study was to investigate how beverage consumption varies between different meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper/evening meal, snacks) and between weekdays and weekend-days in Norwegian adults. A cross-sectional dietary survey was conducted among Norwegian adults (n = 1787) in 2010-2011. Two telephone-administered 24 h recalls were used for dietary data collection. Breakfast was the most important meal for milk and juice consumption, dinner for sugar-sweetened beverages and wine, and snacks for water, coffee, artificially sweetened beverages, and beer. Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages did not differ between weekdays and weekend-days among consumers. The average intake of wine and beer (men only) was higher on weekend-days. Higher age was positively associated with wine consumption and negatively associated with consumption of water, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened beverages. Higher education was associated with consumption of water, beer, and wine, whereas lower education was associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Beverage consumption patterns among Norwegian adults vary between different meal types and in subgroups of the population. Alcohol consumption was higher on weekend-days. Knowledge regarding beverage consumption patterns in the population should be considered when revising dietary guidelines in the future.

  13. Work-related stress: A survey of Indian anesthesiologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumitra Ganesh Bakshi

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: The majority of participants rated their stress as moderate-extreme and was higher in anesthesiologists working long hours, over the weekend and those handling high-risk patients. A majority of participants felt the survey made them think about work-related stress and expressed their willingness to participate in stress management programs.

  14. A Cross-cultural Comparison of Weekend–trips in Religious Tourism: Insights from two cultures, two countries (India and Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran A. Shinde

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explains peculiarities, significance, and universality of weekend-trips as significant form of religious tourism using a comparative analysis of this phenomenon in two pilgrimage sites from two different cultures (and countries, namely, Vrindavan in India and the Shrine of Santimissi Medici in Italy. The findings derived from a case-study approach and visitors’ survey method confirm that religious tourism falls under the more general category of leisure and that visitors who flock to these places on weekends do not coincide either with general models proposed in the extant literature, nor can they be assimilated to the conventional categories of pilgrims and/or tourists. While highlighting the similarities and differences in the two cases, the paper proposes that weekend visitors are best described as religious tourists: visitors who use tourism as a means to fulfill a predominant religious motive in visiting a destination they consider religious or sacred. The analysis based on the concept of weekend-trips helps to explore nuances of religious tourism which can be used for better planning and management in religious tourism destinations.

  15. Influence of caffeine and caffeine withdrawal on headache and cerebral blood flow velocities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couturier, EGM; Laman, DM; vanDuijn, MAJ; vanDuijn, H

    Caffeine consumption may cause headache, particularly migraine. Its withdrawal also produces headaches and may be related to weekend migraine attacks. Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) has shown changes in cerebral blood flow velocities (BFV) during and between attacks of migraine. In order to

  16. Invloedsfactoren voor rijden onder invloed van alcohol en regionale verschillen daarin : een verkennende analyse.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijleveld, F.D. Houwing, S. Duivenvoorden, C.W.A.E. & Bos, N.M.

    2013-01-01

    Influence factors of driving under the influence of alcohol and their regional differences : an exploratory analysis. Since the 1970s, studies are made in the Netherlands into driving under the influence of alcohol during weekend nights. Partly based on the results of these studies, the influence of

  17. Stylized Figures: Inspired by Native American Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Susie B.

    2013-01-01

    Teaching elementary-level art in the Pacific Northwest makes it natural for the author to develop a lesson based on Native American art of the area. The designs of the Northwest Indians can sometimes be a bit too sophisticated for the students to grasp, however, and it can be frustrating when developing such a project. Over a Labor Day weekend,…

  18. A Good Man Is Hard to Find

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VALERIE; SARTOR

    2007-01-01

    Like most expats my life in China has been both stimulat- ing and frustrating.To be fifty and read no better than a Chinese preschooler,to suffer indignities with my digestive system and to periodi- cally fall prey to homesickness—all these woes and more magically lifted recently when a misfortune befell me. After a long weekend in Inner

  19. DMSO, Hobby Shops and the FDA: The Diffusion of a Health Policy Dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstock, Edward; Davis, Phillip

    1985-01-01

    Despite being banned by the FDA, DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide) usage has spread rapidly among arthritic victims and weekend athletes. This study looked at current and past users to learn how they discovered DMSO, their reactions to buying an illegal drug, and possible implications for public health policy. (MT)

  20. Scully : võin ka lolli mängida / Gillian Anderson ; tõlk. Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anderson, Gillian

    2008-01-01

    USA sarjale "The X-Files" põhinev teine järjefilm "Salatoimikud: Ma tahan uskuda" ("The X-Files: I Want to Believe") : režissöör Chris Carter : peaosades David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Kanada 2008. Intervjuu ilmus juulis portaalis USA Weekend

  1. 47 CFR 25.701 - Public interest obligations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., premium priced class of time sold only to candidates. DBS providers may sell higher priced non preemptible... more than 10.5 minutes of commercial matter per hour during children's programming on weekends, or more that 12 minutes of commercial matter per hour on week days. (2) This rule shall not apply to...

  2. Decrease in Suicide Rates after a Change of Policy Reducing Access to Firearms in Adolescents: A Naturalistic Epidemiological Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubin, Gad; Werbeloff, Nomi; Halperin, Demian; Shmushkevitch, Mordechai; Weiser, Mark; Knobler, Haim Y.

    2010-01-01

    The use of firearms is a common means of suicide. We examined the effect of a policy change in the Israeli Defense Forces reducing adolescents' access to firearms on rates of suicide. Following the policy change, suicide rates decreased significantly by 40%. Most of this decrease was due to decrease in suicide using firearms over the weekend.…

  3. Sleep No More

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平

    1994-01-01

    It’s the weekend, and you’re looking forward to sleeping in. But when 7 a. m. rolls around, your eyes pop open. The reason, researchers are now saying, is that you have an alarm clock in your brain.

  4. 75 FR 18413 - 2009-2010 Refuge-Specific Hunting and Sport Fishing Regulations-Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-12

    ...(s); Properly manage the fish and wildlife resource(s); Protect other refuge values; Ensure refuge... provide enhanced weekend hunting opportunities. Response 4: Mathews Brake has long had the reputation of... system, and helps limit disturbance to the wildlife resource values of Mathews Brake. We do allow up...

  5. Investments in painting: the interaction between monetary returns and psychic income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fase, M.M.G.

    2001-01-01

    The financial press gives very regular attention to art and culture in their many forms. Business newspapers such as the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal, Het Financieele Dagblad and De Financieel Economische Tijd give over plenty of space in their weekend editions to news of art auction pri

  6. Action Planning for Prevention and Recovery: A Self-Help Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fun for the evening or weekend  write some letters  go to support group That’s the first section of the book. Cross out items if they stop working for you, and add new items as you think of them. You even can tear out whole pages and write some ...

  7. Wilderness experience quality: Effects of use density depend on how experience is conceived

    Science.gov (United States)

    David N. Cole; Troy E. Hall

    2012-01-01

    Different conceptions of experience and experience quality can explain ambiguous relationships among use density, crowding, experience and experience quality. We employed multiple methods to quantify experiential dimensions at a popular lake in the Alpine Lakes Wilderness, WA. Comparing weekdays to weekends, when use density is typically four times as high, we assessed...

  8. Weaving Wisdom with Hard Work: Accomplished Student Learns, Grows, and Gives Back

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhl, Eleanor

    2010-01-01

    Linda Taylor (Dine) raises sheep and horses, creates sculpture, paints, teaches traditional weaving classes, hunts solo for elk and deer, and volunteers at the Methodist Thrift Shop. In the past, she has also cared for Native children in need, and she is currently applying to foster a Navajo girl. On weekends, she sells bales of hay at the…

  9. Influence of a portable air treatment unit on health-related quality indicators of indoor air in a classroom.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheepers, P.T.J.; Cremers, R.G.H.M.; Hout, S.P. van; Anzion, R.B.M.

    2012-01-01

    During periods of two weeks in February and June 2010 the performance of portable air treatment units (PATUs) was evaluated in a primary school classroom using indicators of indoor air quality. Air samples were collected in an undisturbed setting on weekend days and in an occupied setting during tea

  10. Nonstandard Work Schedules, Couple Desynchronization, and Parent-Child Interaction : A Mixed-Methods Analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taeht, Kadri; Mills, Melinda

    Many children live in households where either one or both parents work nonstandard schedules in the evening, night, or weekend. This study tests two competing hypotheses of whether nonstandard schedules result in lower levels of parent-child interaction or in more time with children. Using the first

  11. Living With an American Family: A Guide for Vietnamese Youth. (Song Trong Mot Gia Dinh Hoa Ky: Cam nang cho thieu nien Viet Nam.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dye, Dale; And Others

    This booklet was written for Vietnamese adolescents who are living with American families. The booklet describes, in both Vietnamese and English, the structure and mores of American family and social life. Concerns common to teenagers are also discussed. Among the topics addressed are: school; typical weekdays and weekends; forms of address;…

  12. On Twitter, Donald Trump has been paying little lip service to issues important to women.

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Throughout the presidential election campaign Heather Evans, Kayla Brown, and Tiffany Wimberly have collected and coded tweets from both Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. In their latest analysis, and in light of the release of the ‘Trump tapes’ this weekend, they find that Trump is largely ignoring ‘female issues’ while Clinton has talked about them significantly more often.

  13. United-Unidos: Mathematics and Science for Hispanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triana, Estrella M.; Rodriguez, Manuel Gomez

    Professional and community organizations gathered for a weekend summit in May 1992 to articulate how the National Education Goal 4 ("U.S. students will be first in the world in science and mathematics achievement") could be achieved within the Hispanic community. This publication summarizes the major education issues, and highlights the…

  14. Evaluating Brief Group Interventions in Sexuality Education and Enhancement: Do Workshops Really Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barratt, Barnaby B.

    2008-01-01

    Despite the growing popularity of brief group interventions (weekend workshops, sexuality attitude reassessment seminars, and other formats) since the 1960s, there is a paucity of evaluative evidence as to their effectiveness. An abundance of anecdotal testimony suggests these interventions may have powerful and lasting impact on individual…

  15. Geneva summit aims to bridge 'digital divide'

    CERN Multimedia

    Williams, F

    2003-01-01

    "With almost all the political hurdles swept aside in negotiations last weekend, the huge World Summit on the Information Society that opens in Geneva today will be clearly focused on its initial objective - boosting the use of information and communication technologies in the developing world" (1 page).

  16. Essential Outdoor Sun Safety Tips for Winter

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ve Got Skin in the Game Anti-Aging Vitamin D Related: What Is Skin Cancer? | True Stories | Ask the Experts Blog Events ... Weekend Warriors expand/collapse Golf: You've Got Skin in the Game expand/collapse Vitamin D Essential Outdoor Sun Safety Tips for Winter ...

  17. University status - After 30 years. (Leader, Potchefstroom Herald, March 16, 1951.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Office

    1951-03-01

    Full Text Available The extensive ceremonies this week-end in connection with theelevation of the Potchefstroom University College to the full status of anindependent University are of considerable significance not only toPotchefstroom and the Transvaal but also in the wider field of SouthAfrica, where Christian Higher Education in the Afrikaans medium is ofvery great interest and importance.

  18. Drainage of ice-dammed lakes and glacier retreat - a link

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Kristian Kjellerup; Kjaer, K. H.; Rysgaard, Søren

    2011-01-01

    warm salty water to the glacier front. In early September 2009, the lake Illuliartôq, dammed by the Narssap Sermia glacier in Godthåbsfjorden, drained during a weekend. Large amounts of cold fresh meltwater draining into the fjord at the base of the glacier where it contributed to the water circulation...

  19. Investments in painting: the interaction between monetary returns and psychic income

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fase, M.M.G.

    2001-01-01

    The financial press gives very regular attention to art and culture in their many forms. Business newspapers such as the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal, Het Financieele Dagblad and De Financieel Economische Tijd give over plenty of space in their weekend editions to news of art auction

  20. Page 1 ~'--------------------- Pritnary care in South Africa Reflections on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    shift an emphasis from secondary and tertiary care to primary care. However ... vate practice, local clinics (staffed by nurses and possibly a GP), and the outpatient .... at night and over the weekends, children in need of care during these rimes ...

  1. Impact of irregular working hours

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwieten, M. van

    2012-01-01

    Data from the Netherlands Working Conditions Survey 2010 indicate that a quarter of Dutch employees worked overtime as part of their normal working week, about a quarter regularly worked evenings and nights, and about 30% regularly worked at weekends. The data also show that 13% of Dutch employees r

  2. Work schedules, childcare and well-being : Essays on the associations between modern-day job characteristics, childcare arrangements and the well-being of parents and children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoef, M.

    2017-01-01

    Arranging care for children can be challenging for working parents, especially when parents do not work a nine-to-five weekday schedule. With the recent increase in the proportion of parents who work during evenings, nights and weekends, so-called nonstandard hours, the timing of parental work has

  3. Scully : võin ka lolli mängida / Gillian Anderson ; tõlk. Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anderson, Gillian

    2008-01-01

    USA sarjale "The X-Files" põhinev teine järjefilm "Salatoimikud: Ma tahan uskuda" ("The X-Files: I Want to Believe") : režissöör Chris Carter : peaosades David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Kanada 2008. Intervjuu ilmus juulis portaalis USA Weekend

  4. 情景对话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪莉

    2011-01-01

    Spring comes. The weather is so good. It is weekend again. Mum takes Jane for an outing(郊游 ). After playing the whole day, Janefeels so hungry. Mum takes her to a restaurant,在餐馆里,我们应该如何使用英文呢?Read on.please!

  5. 75 FR 5745 - Pacific Halibut Fisheries; Catch Sharing Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... action will be announced by NMFS via an update to the recreational halibut hotline. If after the Labor... the Labor Day weekend, the IPHC, NMFS, and ODFW will consult to determine whether increasing the... to have an IPHC license to retain halibut. Specific data on the economics of halibut...

  6. Infusion of casein hydrolizates into the mammary gland simulates the omission of one daily milking in goats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Rubattu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Suppression of one daily milking at weekends, even though socially desirable, may reduce milk yield. These losses have been attributed to a short-term mechanism: the filling of the cistern and ductal-alveolar system with milk which contains a peptide called feedback inhibitor of lactation (FIL (Wilde and Peaker, 1990.

  7. Game Jams: Community, Motivations, and Learning among Jammers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Jon A.; Chastine, Jeff; O'Donnell, Casey; Tseng, Tony; MacIntyre, Blair

    2012-01-01

    Game jams are events that allow game designers to develop innovative games in a time-constrained environment, typically within a 48-hour period during a weekend. Jams provide participants an opportunity to improve their skills, collaborate with their peers, and advance research and creativity in the field of game design. Having coordinated…

  8. Lots of Physicists Are Nervous about the Speed of Light%Lots of Physicists Are Nervous about the Speed of Light

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eric Randall

    2011-01-01

    [1] Physicists spent their weekends walking back media hype over an experiment that at first glance seems to disprove Einstein's famed theory of relativity. They preached dispassionate skepticism, but behind all that careful cynicism, there seemed a lot of hand-wringing.

  9. Camping CAN Make a Difference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee, Greg

    1987-01-01

    During 1985-86, Storer Camps conducted 23 leadership weekend camp workshops for groups of 25-40 Jackson, Michigan, adolescents to develop self-esteem. Special activities involved name tags, a cooperative obstacle course, discussions on stereotypes and walls, and a canoe-rowboat relay. (NEC)

  10. Influence of caffeine and caffeine withdrawal on headache and cerebral blood flow velocities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couturier, EGM; Laman, DM; vanDuijn, MAJ; vanDuijn, H

    1997-01-01

    Caffeine consumption may cause headache, particularly migraine. Its withdrawal also produces headaches and may be related to weekend migraine attacks. Transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) has shown changes in cerebral blood flow velocities (BFV) during and between attacks of migraine. In order to e

  11. How Family Background Influences Student Achievement: Can Schools Narrow the Gap?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egalite, Anna J.

    2016-01-01

    On the weekend before the Fourth of July 1966, the U.S. Office of Education quietly released a 737-page report that summarized one of the most comprehensive studies of American education ever conducted. Encompassing some 3,000 schools, nearly 600,000 students, and thousands of teachers, and produced by a team led by Johns Hopkins University…

  12. 完形填空三则(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    (A)Most adults ( 成年人) once studied at school, had classes and didtheir homework every day. The same sub>1sub> is going on at school now.sub>2sub> it seems that doing weekend homework is sub>3sub> problem for themodern students.

  13. LHC News : Half way round the LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video Productions

    2009-01-01

    Particles are smoothly making their way around the 27 km circumference of the LHC. Last weekend (7-8 November), the first bunches of injection energy protons completed their journey (anti-clockwise) through three octants of the LHC’s circumference and were dumped in a collimator just before entering the CMS cavern.

  14. original article assessment of quality of care delivered for infectious ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abrham

    schedule of sputum smear microscopy, conformity to DOTS drug regimen during both intensive and continuation ..... 371(92.9%), were in the age group 15–60 years. Males were .... TB drugs on weekends and size of the building in relation to ...

  15. Field Research Studying Whales in an Undergraduate Animal Behavior Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLaren, R. David; Schulte, Dianna; Kennedy, Jen

    2012-01-01

    This work describes a new field research laboratory in an undergraduate animal behavior course involving the study of whale behavior, ecology and conservation in partnership with a non-profit research organization--the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation (BOS). The project involves two weeks of training and five weekend trips on whale watch…

  16. Franklin Pierce College's Fire Department: 17 Student Volunteers and a Vintage Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Thomas J.

    1985-01-01

    Seventeen student volunteers form the Franklin Pierce College Fire Department. When the firefighters are on duty, they must carry electronic pagers at all times. They also participate in dormitory inspections and attend weekend sessions at a local firefighters' training school. (MLW)

  17. Even Sewage Is a Resource...for "Appropriate Technology."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hand, Marge

    1980-01-01

    Recounts highlights of a 1980 weekend course at Queens College Environmental Center (New York) focusing on lessons from history and other cultures in using overlooked resources to develop "Appropriate Technology." Practical and innovative energy alternatives discussed include solar energy, wind power, indoor hydroponic farming, shellfish…

  18. Decrease in Suicide Rates after a Change of Policy Reducing Access to Firearms in Adolescents: A Naturalistic Epidemiological Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubin, Gad; Werbeloff, Nomi; Halperin, Demian; Shmushkevitch, Mordechai; Weiser, Mark; Knobler, Haim Y.

    2010-01-01

    The use of firearms is a common means of suicide. We examined the effect of a policy change in the Israeli Defense Forces reducing adolescents' access to firearms on rates of suicide. Following the policy change, suicide rates decreased significantly by 40%. Most of this decrease was due to decrease in suicide using firearms over the weekend.…

  19. The Backpack Food Program's Effects on U.S. Elementary Students' Hunger and On-Task Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, Meghan E.; Sifers, Sarah K.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the BackPack Food Program's effectiveness in combating students' hunger over the weekends and school breaks, as well as analyze the program's effects on students' on-task behavior in the classroom. Additionally, this study examined program satisfaction from students, parents, and…

  20. Vanakaamera fotograafide tegus nädalavahetus Hollandis / Kaisa Keizars, Tarmo Virves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keizars, Kaisa

    2013-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline üritus European Collodion Weekend 4.-5. maini Hollandis Veldhovenis, kus vanakaameraid kasutavad fotograafid valmistasid märgplaadi tehnikas ambrotüüpe ja ferrotüüpe. Eestlastest osalesid Tarmo Virves, Kaisa Keizars, Käty Tarkpea, Andres Palm

  1. Learning and Identity in Overlapping Communities of Practice: Surf Club, School and Sports Clubs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Light, Richard; Nash, Melanie

    2006-01-01

    Large numbers of children and young people spend their weekends and holidays engaged in the activities of over 300 surf clubs across Australia each summer. Long term membership in these clubs, beginning from as young as five years of age, forms a significant part of children's and young people's development yet surf clubs have yet to receive…

  2. CommuniCAT(E)ing with NCTE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Younglove, Bill

    2011-01-01

    This article features the California Association of Teachers of English (CATE) Board, a state affiliate of the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), whose members en(and de)plane traditionally four times a year for weekend board meetings. An important and influential state affiliate, CATE serves California teachers and students as well…

  3. Drink driving policy and road safety in the Netherlands : a retrospective analysis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mathijssen, M.P.M.

    2005-01-01

    In 1970, SWOV started periodic nationwide roadside surveys aimed at assessing the BAC distribution of Dutch motorists during weekend nights. The goal of these surveys was to get an insight in drink driving patterns, thus enabling policy makers to take drink driving countermeasures and to evaluate th

  4. The Backpack Food Program's Effects on U.S. Elementary Students' Hunger and On-Task Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ecker, Meghan E.; Sifers, Sarah K.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the BackPack Food Program's effectiveness in combating students' hunger over the weekends and school breaks, as well as analyze the program's effects on students' on-task behavior in the classroom. Additionally, this study examined program satisfaction from students,…

  5. Communication Skills Training for Divorcees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Arthur W.; Thiessen, Jake D.

    1982-01-01

    Examined the effects of a weekend communication skills training program for divorced persons. Subjects in the experimental group (N=13) received interpersonal skills training, while the control group (N=14) received no training. Results indicated experimentals significantly increased their perceived level of social support, self-disclosure and…

  6. An Awkward Transition for Chinese Ballet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    AT weekends the normally peaceful BeijingDance Academy is alive with people. The roadbefore its gate is partly blocked by cars andbicycles parked on both sides, leaving a nar-row path where still more cars and bicycles jamtogether, trying to push their way through. These peo-

  7. Wonderfully Made: Preparing Children To Learn and Succeed. Worship, Educational, Community Outreach, and Advocacy Resources for Protestant, Catholic, Jewish and Other Faith Traditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daley-Harris, Shannon

    This booklet provides resource materials for the National Observance of Children's Sabbaths, a weekend of worship, education, outreach, and advocacy that proclaims and responds to a faith-based call to meet the needs of children. The theme of 1999's Children's Sabbath focuses on getting all children ready to learn and succeed. The booklet's…

  8. The Consumption of Convenience Foods : Reference Groups and Eating Situations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verlegh, P.W.J.; Candel, M.J.J.M.

    1999-01-01

    The theory of reasoned action was applied to study situational influence on the consumption of TV dinners. We investigated five situations, which were either time-related (weekdays vs weekends) or social (''dinner alone'', ''dinner with family'', and ''dinner with friends''). The intention to use a

  9. Fast or slow food? Explaining trends in food-related time in the Netherlands, 1975-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mandemakers, J.J.; Roeters, A.

    2015-01-01

    The current study analysed trends in the time spent preparing and consuming food and the frequency of outsourcing (going out for dinner and take-out) in the Netherlands from 1975 to 2005. We investigated differences between trends on week and weekend days and for different socio-demographic groups.

  10. Fast or slow food? Explaining trends in food-related time in the Netherlands, 1975–2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mandemakers, J.J.; Roeters, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The current study analysed trends in the time spent preparing and consuming food and the frequency of outsourcing (going out for dinner and take-out) in the Netherlands from 1975 to 2005. We investigated differences between trends on week and weekend days and for different socio-demographic groups.

  11. Lower level of drink-driving in The Netherlands coincides with increased drug-driving.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mathijssen, M.P.M.

    2000-01-01

    Drink-driving in The Netherlands has dropped significantly since the mid-eighties. In 1983, 12% of car drivers during weekend-nights were over the legal BAC-limit of 0.5 g/l. In the first half of the 1990s, this proportion had dropped to around 4%. In the second half of the 1990s, the proportion of

  12. 76 FR 27284 - Special Local Regulation; Partnership in Education, Dragon Boat Race; Maumee River, Toledo, OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ..., Dragon Boat Race; Maumee River, Toledo, OH AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed... during the Dragon Boat Races which take place during the third or fourth weekend in July each year. This... from other vessel traffic. The Captain of the Port Detroit has determined dragon boat races in...

  13. Part-time and full-time medical specialists, are there differences in allocation of time?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, J.D. de; Heiligers, P.; Groenewegen, P.P.; Hingstman, L.

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: An increasing number of medical specialists prefer to work part-time. This development can be found worldwide. Problems to be faced in the realization of part-time work in medicine include the division of night and weekend shifts, as well as communication between physicians and

  14. Great Lake beach-goer behavior during a retrospectively detected bloom of cyanobacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cyanobacteria blooms pose a potential health risk to beachgoers. We conducted a prospective study of weekend beachgoers at a public Great Lake site during July – September 2003. We recorded each person’s health status and activity during their beach visit. We measured...

  15. Help!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Caralee

    2006-01-01

    This article presents ten time-saving ideas for teachers. One great time-saving tip is to come in an hour early once or twice a week for grading papers. It is also a great idea if teachers will not give tests on Friday in order to reduce their weekend work.

  16. Inside and outside views of Restaurant 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    These images are taken in Restaurant 1 at CERN. The restaurant is a place where many people meet for dinner or just a chat. Accents from all over the world can be heard discussing everything from particle physics to the weekend's activities. The restaurant opens up onto a large terrace area which is usually filled during the summer months.

  17. 76 FR 13345 - Notice of Contract Proposal (NOCP) for Payments to Eligible Advanced Biofuel Producers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... of Agriculture in the Rural Development mission area). Contract Proposal Title: Advanced Biofuel... actual deadline falls on a weekend or a Federally- observed holiday, the deadline is the next Federal..., please contact a USDA Rural Development Energy Coordinator, as provided in the SUPPLEMENTARY...

  18. Correlates of physical activity in 2-year-old toddlers: The generation R study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijtzes, A.I.; Kooijman, M.N.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Vries, S.I. de; Henrichs, J.; Jansen, W.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Hofman, A.; Moll, H.A.; Raat, H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To describe and identify correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior in 2-year-old toddlers. Study design: A total of 347 children participating in a birth cohort study wore a unaxial ActiGraph accelerometer during 1 weekday and 1 weekend day. Information

  19. Sunrise on Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casto, James E.

    1994-01-01

    Sunrise Museum's Science Hall in Charleston, WV, offers 30 hands-on exhibits that introduce children to science. Museum programs use a 9-foot soft-sculptured, unzippable doll to teach children about nutrition and basic anatomy and recruit representatives from local businesses and industry to conduct weekend science workshops. (LP)

  20. How to get a perfect SAT score%如何可获得SAT高分

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Katherine Tam

    2007-01-01

    @@ Probably the most important thing to remember is that practice tests are your best friends. There's really no substitute for taking just a few hours out of a weekend to sit down and go through an entire practice test under realistic testing conditions.

  1. 如何可获得SAT高分

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Katherine; Tam

    2007-01-01

    Probably the most important thing to remember is that practice tests are your best friends. There's really no substitute for taking just a few hours out of a weekend to sit down and go through an entire practice test under realistic testing conditions.……

  2. 78 FR 39710 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Opportunity To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... regulation provides that the Department may extend this time if it is reasonable to do so. In order to... July for the following periods: \\1\\ Or the next business day, if the deadline falls on a weekend... Proceedings FINLAND: Carboxymethylcellulose A-405-803 7/1/12-6/30/13 INDIA: Polyethylene Terephthalate...

  3. Not Your Parents' Marching Bands: The History of HONK!, Pedagogy and Music Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garofalo, Reebee

    2011-01-01

    The HONK! Festival of Activist Street Bands (honkfest.org) is an independent, grassroots, non-commercial weekend festival held each autumn in Somerville, Massachusetts. It is a moving spectacle of colourful marching bands, gigantic puppets, creative bikers, jugglers, hoopers, flag twirlers and stilt walkers, interspersed with unions, activist…

  4. Weaving Wisdom with Hard Work: Accomplished Student Learns, Grows, and Gives Back

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhl, Eleanor

    2010-01-01

    Linda Taylor (Dine) raises sheep and horses, creates sculpture, paints, teaches traditional weaving classes, hunts solo for elk and deer, and volunteers at the Methodist Thrift Shop. In the past, she has also cared for Native children in need, and she is currently applying to foster a Navajo girl. On weekends, she sells bales of hay at the…

  5. Now, voyager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Daniel

    2008-02-01

    Diana Athill, now 90, has spent a life in books. As a writer, editor and publisher she has, as expected, a way with words, employed to great effect in A Final Farewell to Sex, published in The Guardian Weekend magazine ( http://tinyurl.com/2gg20y ).

  6. Islam, Islamism, and Democratic Values. Footnotes. Volume 11, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2006-01-01

    On May 6-7, 2006 FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 16 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about Islam. Speakers were drawn from the disciplines of religious studies, anthropology, political science, history, law, and journalism. The institute, held in Bryn Mawr, Pa., was…

  7. Going Local

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Becoming more Chinese is the key to success in China, according to top foreign brands Ma Mingyu and her husband have spent the last few weekends shuttling between auto dealer-ships in Beijing to choose their first family car. And they've noticed a common selling point in the brochures for almost every foreign auto: a

  8. 泰勒与贾斯汀为赛琳娜争风吃醋!%Talyor and Justin Fight over Selena!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    I was so excited when my BFF Selena Gomez came home to Texas for the weekend. But I was so shocked when she surprised me by bringing her friends Taylor Lautner and Justin Bieber with her. I gave them a shy smile as Selena pulled me upstairs.

  9. Neural Consequences of Chronic Short Sleep: Reversible or Lasting?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengqing Zhao

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Approximately one-third of adolescents and adults in developed countries regularly experience insufficient sleep across the school and/or work week interspersed with weekend catch up sleep. This common practice of weekend recovery sleep reduces subjective sleepiness, yet recent studies demonstrate that one weekend of recovery sleep may not be sufficient in all persons to fully reverse all neurobehavioral impairments observed with chronic sleep loss, particularly vigilance. Moreover, recent studies in animal models demonstrate persistent injury to and loss of specific neuron types in response to chronic short sleep (CSS with lasting effects on sleep/wake patterns. Here, we provide a comprehensive review of the effects of chronic sleep disruption on neurobehavioral performance and injury to neurons, astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes and discuss what is known and what is not yet established for reversibility of neural injury. Recent neurobehavioral findings in humans are integrated with animal model research examining long-term consequences of sleep loss on neurobehavioral performance, brain development, neurogenesis, neurodegeneration, and connectivity. While it is now clear that recovery of vigilance following short sleep requires longer than one weekend, less is known of the impact of CSS on cognitive function, mood, and brain health long term. From work performed in animal models, CSS in the young adult and short-term sleep loss in critical developmental windows can have lasting detrimental effects on neurobehavioral performance.

  10. FAKTOR-FAKTOR SEBAGAI PERTIMBANGAN KONSUMEN DALAM MELAKUKAN PEMBELIAN DI SUPERMARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Tri Cahyono

    2009-06-01

    the economies of scale. Supermarkets adopt a number of pricing and non-pricing strategies to attract customers such as price limits, predatory pricing, and intertemporal price discrimination, for example, discounts at the end of the week and at certain other times. Their non-pricing strategies include advertising, longer opening hours (especially on weekends, bundling or tying (combined purchases, and free parking.

  11. Great Lake beach-goer behavior during a retrospectively detected bloom of cyanobacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cyanobacteria blooms pose a potential health risk to beachgoers. We conducted a prospective study of weekend beachgoers at a public Great Lake site during July – September 2003. We recorded each person’s health status and activity during their beach visit. We measured...

  12. The decline of DWI and of alcohol related accidents in The Netherlands, 1983-1991.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mathijssen, M.P.M. & Noordzij, P.C.

    1993-01-01

    This paper discusses the decline of drink driving in The Netherlands during 1983-1991, with special reference to a new method for studying the alcohol consumption of Dutch motorists during weekend nights. There was a sharp drop in drinking and driving, and the number of motorists, shown to have an e

  13. Farming Far Jay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    EVERY weekend,the Green FoodHome beside Jingshun Road in theeastern suburbs of Beijing welcomes agroup of townspeople who have cometo take care of the vegetable fields.They are all members of the Home,paying 800 yuan per year for the rightto plant a plot of land.

  14. 78 FR 67028 - Safety Zones; Recurring Events in Captain of the Port Boston Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... Fireworks, the Boston Harbor Triathlon, and the Boston Harbor Sharkfest Swim. C. Discussion of Comments... CFR 165.118 as (6.5) Hull Youth Football Carnival Fireworks, (8.8) The Boston ] Triathlon, and (9.7... weekend of June each year. The Boston Triathlon safety zone will consist of all waters of Boston...

  15. Evaluation of a Self-Instructional Mini-Course on Empathic Responding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozma, Robert B.; Bertcher, Harvey

    Studies of interpersonal helping processes have identified accurate empathic understanding as a skill significantly associated with effective helping. In recent years empathy training has become something of a fad, often involving expensive, time consuming marathon weekends. In reaction to this trend a self-instructional package was designed to…

  16. Formation of a Virtual Professional Learning Community in a Combined Local and Distance Doctoral Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Lance; Branch, Gracie; Moore, George

    2008-01-01

    A phenomenological study was conducted with a group of doctoral students preparing to be technology leaders. Students and faculty participated in weekend-intensive course work in which the faculty and some students attended classes on campus, and another group of students attended classes through distance technologies. Using some of these very…

  17. Building Bonds to High School Graduation: Dropout Intervention with Seventh and Eighth Graders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelan, William T.

    1992-01-01

    A principal at a Lowell (Massachusetts) school collaborated with the University of Massachusetts-Lowell to develop a dropout intervention program for seventh and eighth grade students. Small classes met alternate Saturday mornings at the university. Additional field trips and two overnight weekends helped strengthen the bond between students and…

  18. Do associations between objectively-assessed physical activity and neighbourhood environment attributes vary by time of the day and day of the week?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cerin, Ester; Mitáš, Josef; Cain, Kelli L

    2017-01-01

    , intersection density and land use mix were stronger in the mornings of weekdays and the afternoon/evening periods of both weekdays and weekend days. Associations between number of parks and MVPA were stronger in the mornings and afternoon/evenings irrespective of day of the week. Public transport density...

  19. Chicago Mothers on Finding and Using Child Care during Nonstandard Work Hours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoll, Marcia; Alexander, David; Nicpon, Christine

    2015-01-01

    Few issues confound child care policy more than the fact that very large numbers of mothers work evenings, overnight, or weekend hours when fewer child care programs operate. The authors interviewed 50 single Chicago mothers with nontraditional work hours about their experiences finding and using child care. Participants' responses addressed…

  20. Fast or slow food? Explaining trends in food-related time in the Netherlands, 1975–2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mandemakers, J.J.; Roeters, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The current study analysed trends in the time spent preparing and consuming food and the frequency of outsourcing (going out for dinner and take-out) in the Netherlands from 1975 to 2005. We investigated differences between trends on week and weekend days and for different socio-demographic groups.

  1. Fast or slow food? Explaining trends in food-related time in the Netherlands, 1975-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mandemakers, J.J.; Roeters, A.

    2015-01-01

    The current study analysed trends in the time spent preparing and consuming food and the frequency of outsourcing (going out for dinner and take-out) in the Netherlands from 1975 to 2005. We investigated differences between trends on week and weekend days and for different socio-demographic groups.

  2. Alternatives to Institutionalization: A Definitive Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brantley, James R., Comp.

    This bibliography catalogs all the literature in the National Criminals Justice Reference Service database on the topic of alternatives to institutionalization. The materials represented pertain to such diverse alternatives as juvenile training schools, pre-release centers, halfway houses, work-release programs, weekend sentencing, restitution,…

  3. A Place To Grow: Evaluation of the New York City Beacons. Summary Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Constancia; Feist, Michelle; Nevarez, Nancy

    This study examined six Beacon centers, which are community centers located in public school buildings that offer a range of activities and services to participants of all ages, before and after school, in the evenings, and on weekends. Individual Beacons are managed by community-based organizations. The study examined how the Beacons provided…

  4. Respite Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... provided in a home, an adult day-care program or over a weekend in a nursing home or an assisted living facility. For more information on the NFCSP visit the Administration on Aging website at http://www.aoa.gov/ ...

  5. Playing It Straight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Reginald

    2012-01-01

    This article profiles Gwen Ifill, a reporter-anchor Monday through Wednesday for "The News Hour," the daily in-depth news reporting program on PBS, and managing editor and moderator of "Washington Week," the widely-respected and watched weekend news and analysis program, also on PBS. With a resume that boasts experience as a reporter for "The…

  6. Beijing Getaways to Soak Up the Summer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ With summer well and truly on its way,many people will be thinking about coming out of labernaticn,casting then DVD boosets and take away pizza boxes aside and taking a weekend break,International Talent Monthly brings you some of the best getaway bcations around Beijing.

  7. Vanakaamera fotograafide tegus nädalavahetus Hollandis / Kaisa Keizars, Tarmo Virves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keizars, Kaisa

    2013-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline üritus European Collodion Weekend 4.-5. maini Hollandis Veldhovenis, kus vanakaameraid kasutavad fotograafid valmistasid märgplaadi tehnikas ambrotüüpe ja ferrotüüpe. Eestlastest osalesid Tarmo Virves, Kaisa Keizars, Käty Tarkpea, Andres Palm

  8. Beverage Consumption Patterns among Norwegian Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mari Mohn Paulsen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Beverages may be important contributors for energy intake and dietary quality. The purpose of the study was to investigate how beverage consumption varies between different meals (breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper/evening meal, snacks and between weekdays and weekend-days in Norwegian adults. A cross-sectional dietary survey was conducted among Norwegian adults (n = 1787 in 2010–2011. Two telephone-administered 24 h recalls were used for dietary data collection. Breakfast was the most important meal for milk and juice consumption, dinner for sugar-sweetened beverages and wine, and snacks for water, coffee, artificially sweetened beverages, and beer. Consumption of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages did not differ between weekdays and weekend-days among consumers. The average intake of wine and beer (men only was higher on weekend-days. Higher age was positively associated with wine consumption and negatively associated with consumption of water, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened beverages. Higher education was associated with consumption of water, beer, and wine, whereas lower education was associated with sugar-sweetened beverage consumption. Beverage consumption patterns among Norwegian adults vary between different meal types and in subgroups of the population. Alcohol consumption was higher on weekend-days. Knowledge regarding beverage consumption patterns in the population should be considered when revising dietary guidelines in the future.

  9. 75 FR 16325 - Child and Adult Care Food Program: At-Risk Afterschool Meals in Eligible States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... eligible children. FNS supports physical activity as an important component in encouraging healthy... meal may be served (breakfast, lunch, or supper) per day on weekends and vacations during the regular... meals are reimbursed at the respective free rates for breakfast, lunch, or supper. (o) * * * (2)...

  10. Teaching India. Footnotes. Volume 11, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2006-01-01

    On March 11-12, 2006 the FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 16 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about India. Sessions included: (1) Why It's Important to Know about India (Ainslie T. Embree); (2) Early Indian History (Richard H. Davis); (3) Modern Indian History (Marc…

  11. 6 Project-Management Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demski, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    When it comes to project management, the IT department is typically its own worst enemy. When project requests are pushed through the budgeting process by different departments, it's up to IT to make them all work. The staff is required to be "heroic" to get the project load done. People get to work over weekends and postpone their vacations. The…

  12. Fundamental movement skills training to promote physical activity in children with and without disability: A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine M. Capio

    2015-09-01

    Conclusion: The findings suggest that improved FMS proficiency could potentially contribute to heightened PA and decreased sedentary time during weekends for children. Such effect of improved FMS proficiency on PA appears to be greater in those with physical disability than in those without disability. It is recommended that the findings of this pilot study should be further examined in future research.

  13. Associations of Truancy, Perceived School Performance, and Mental Health with Alcohol Consumption among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtes, Muriel; Bannink, Rienke; Joosten-van Zwanenburg, Evelien; van As, Els; Raat, Hein; Broeren, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    Background: This study examined associations of truancy, perceived school performance, and mental health with adolescents' week, weekend, and binge drinking. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1167 secondary school students of Dutch ethnicity (mean age, 15.9 years, SD?=?0.69). Alcohol consumption, truancy, perceived school…

  14. How ERP (Enterprise-Resource-Planning) - systems reduce energy consumption during manufacturing; Wie ERP-Systeme in der Fertigung den Energieverbrauch reduzieren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walz, Reinhold [Gewatec Systemloesungen GmbH, Wehingen (Germany); Ruesing, Eduard

    2011-05-30

    A precision manufacturer is presented, who utilize energy management for data of machine tools and operational data acquisition. The pilot center shuts down automatically the ventilation system for exhaust air of CNC-machines during nighttime and weekend. (orig./GL)

  15. Redesigning a Library Space for Collaborative Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbard, Ralph B.; Kaiser, Anthony; Kaunelis, David

    2007-01-01

    The reference desk at Indiana State University's (ISU) library offers an excellent view of student work areas on the first floor. From this vantage point, the reference librarians noticed students, especially in the evening and on weekends, huddled together in small groups, with one student at the keyboard of a laptop or desktop computer. The…

  16. El trabajador de fin de semana en la sociedad del ocio. Tiempo de trabajo y calidad de vida en el sector servicios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bericat, Eduardo

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results coming from a qualitative research carried out to reveal the emergent consequences that weekend work has on the life style and quality of life of workers. Until now, the sociology of work, and also political and social agents, has paid very little attention to weekend work, if any. On the contrary, there are many more studies on evenings and nights shifts. Weekend work is very relevant because it implies a radical interchange between leisure time and work time. While weekend workers are working, the rest of the people are enjoying their free or leisure time. On the contrary, when the weekend worker has his free time, the rest of the people are working. In fact, this asynchrony of his social time explains the most part of the negative consequences which come from weekend work. Weekend work reveals what we could name as the labor paradox of leisure society. In this society it is impossible that everybody enjoys free time simultaneously. Leisure society is a myth that masks a radical social inequality Characteristic of postmodern societies.

    En este artículo se exponen los resultados de una investigación cualitativa cuya finalidad era estudiar las consecuencias que el hecho de trabajar los fines de semana tiene sobre la calidad de vida de los trabajadores. El trabajo de fin de semana, a diferencia del trabajo nocturno y del trabajo por turnos, ha recibido hasta ahora muy poca atención tanto por parte de la sociología del trabajo, como por parte de los agentes políticos y sociales. El trabajo de fin de semana implica una fuerte inversión de los tiempos de trabajo y de ocio. Cuando el trabajador de fin de semana trabaja, el resto de las personas están disfrutando de su tiempo de ocio. A la inversa, cuando el trabajador dispone de tiempo libre, las demás personas están trabajando. Esta inversión o asincronía de su tiempo social explica la mayor parte de las consecuencias negativas

  17. The association of parent's outcome expectations for child TV viewing with parenting practices and child TV viewing: an examination using path analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Lauren; Chen, Tzu-An; Hughes, Sheryl O; O'Connor, Teresia M

    2015-05-28

    Television (TV) viewing has been associated with many undesirable outcomes for children, such as increased risk of obesity, but TV viewing can also have benefits. Although restrictive parenting practices are effective in reducing children's TV viewing, not all parents use them and it is currently unclear why. The current study examined parenting practices related to TV viewing in the context of social- cognitive theory. Specifically, we hypothesized that positive and negative Parental Outcome Expectations for child's TV Viewing (POETV) would be associated with social co-viewing and restrictive parenting practices, and that POETV and parenting practices influence the amount of TV viewed by child. Data were collected from an internet survey of 287 multi-ethnic parents and their 6-12 year old children on participants' sociodemographic information, parenting practices related to TV use, POETV, and parent and child TV viewing. Path analysis was used to examine the relationship amongst variables in separate models for weekday and weekend TV viewing. controlling for child age, household education, and parental TV viewing. The results provided partial support for the hypotheses, with notable differences between weekday and weekend viewing. The models explained 13.6% and 23.4% of the variance in children's TV viewing on weekdays and weekends respectively. Neither positive nor negative POETV were associated with restrictive TV parenting in either model. One subscale each from positive and negative POETV were associated with social co-viewing parenting on both weekends and weekdays in the expected direction. Restrictive parenting practices were directly negatively associated with children's TV viewing on weekdays, but not weekends. Social co-viewing parenting was directly positively associated with children's TV viewing on weekends, but not weekdays. The strongest influence on children's TV viewing was having a TV in the child's bedroom. Negative POETV was weakly associated

  18. Measurements of hydroxyl and hydroperoxy radicals during CalNex-LA: Model comparisons and radical budgets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, S. M.; Hansen, R. F.; Dusanter, S.; Michoud, V.; Gilman, J. B.; Kuster, W. C.; Veres, P. R.; Graus, M.; Gouw, J. A.; Roberts, J.; Young, C.; Washenfelder, R.; Brown, S. S.; Thalman, R.; Waxman, E.; Volkamer, R.; Tsai, C.; Stutz, J.; Flynn, J. H.; Grossberg, N.; Lefer, B.; Alvarez, S. L.; Rappenglueck, B.; Mielke, L. H.; Osthoff, H. D.; Stevens, P. S.

    2016-04-01

    Measurements of hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxy (HO2*) radical concentrations were made at the Pasadena ground site during the CalNex-LA 2010 campaign using the laser-induced fluorescence-fluorescence assay by gas expansion technique. The measured concentrations of OH and HO2* exhibited a distinct weekend effect, with higher radical concentrations observed on the weekends corresponding to lower levels of nitrogen oxides (NOx). The radical measurements were compared to results from a zero-dimensional model using the Regional Atmospheric Chemical Mechanism-2 constrained by NOx and other measured trace gases. The chemical model overpredicted measured OH concentrations during the weekends by a factor of approximately 1.4 ± 0.3 (1σ), but the agreement was better during the weekdays (ratio of 1.0 ± 0.2). Model predicted HO2* concentrations underpredicted by a factor of 1.3 ± 0.2 on the weekends, while measured weekday concentrations were underpredicted by a factor of 3.0 ± 0.5. However, increasing the modeled OH reactivity to match the measured total OH reactivity improved the overall agreement for both OH and HO2* on all days. A radical budget analysis suggests that photolysis of carbonyls and formaldehyde together accounted for approximately 40% of radical initiation with photolysis of nitrous acid accounting for 30% at the measurement height and ozone photolysis contributing less than 20%. An analysis of the ozone production sensitivity reveals that during the week, ozone production was limited by volatile organic compounds throughout the day during the campaign but NOx limited during the afternoon on the weekends.

  19. A longitudinal assessment of sleep timing, circadian phase, and phase angle of entrainment across human adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Stephanie J; Van Reen, Eliza; LeBourgeois, Monique K; Acebo, Christine; Tarokh, Leila; Seifer, Ronald; Barker, David H; Carskadon, Mary A

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this descriptive analysis was to examine sleep timing, circadian phase, and phase angle of entrainment across adolescence in a longitudinal study design. Ninety-four adolescents participated; 38 (21 boys) were 9-10 years ("younger cohort") and 56 (30 boys) were 15-16 years ("older cohort") at the baseline assessment. Participants completed a baseline and then follow-up assessments approximately every six months for 2.5 years. At each assessment, participants wore a wrist actigraph for at least one week at home to measure self-selected sleep timing before salivary dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) phase - a marker of the circadian timing system - was measured in the laboratory. Weekday and weekend sleep onset and offset and weekend-weekday differences were derived from actigraphy. Phase angles were the time durations from DLMO to weekday sleep onset and offset times. Each cohort showed later sleep onset (weekend and weekday), later weekend sleep offset, and later DLMO with age. Weekday sleep offset shifted earlier with age in the younger cohort and later in the older cohort after age 17. Weekend-weekday sleep offset differences increased with age in the younger cohort and decreased in the older cohort after age 17. DLMO to sleep offset phase angle narrowed with age in the younger cohort and became broader in the older cohort. The older cohort had a wider sleep onset phase angle compared to the younger cohort; however, an age-related phase angle increase was seen in the younger cohort only. Individual differences were seen in these developmental trajectories. This descriptive study indicated that circadian phase and self-selected sleep delayed across adolescence, though school-day sleep offset advanced until no longer in high school, whereupon offset was later. Phase angle changes are described as an interaction of developmental changes in sleep regulation interacting with psychosocial factors (e.g., bedtime autonomy).

  20. A longitudinal assessment of sleep timing, circadian phase, and phase angle of entrainment across human adolescence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie J Crowley

    Full Text Available The aim of this descriptive analysis was to examine sleep timing, circadian phase, and phase angle of entrainment across adolescence in a longitudinal study design. Ninety-four adolescents participated; 38 (21 boys were 9-10 years ("younger cohort" and 56 (30 boys were 15-16 years ("older cohort" at the baseline assessment. Participants completed a baseline and then follow-up assessments approximately every six months for 2.5 years. At each assessment, participants wore a wrist actigraph for at least one week at home to measure self-selected sleep timing before salivary dim light melatonin onset (DLMO phase - a marker of the circadian timing system - was measured in the laboratory. Weekday and weekend sleep onset and offset and weekend-weekday differences were derived from actigraphy. Phase angles were the time durations from DLMO to weekday sleep onset and offset times. Each cohort showed later sleep onset (weekend and weekday, later weekend sleep offset, and later DLMO with age. Weekday sleep offset shifted earlier with age in the younger cohort and later in the older cohort after age 17. Weekend-weekday sleep offset differences increased with age in the younger cohort and decreased in the older cohort after age 17. DLMO to sleep offset phase angle narrowed with age in the younger cohort and became broader in the older cohort. The older cohort had a wider sleep onset phase angle compared to the younger cohort; however, an age-related phase angle increase was seen in the younger cohort only. Individual differences were seen in these developmental trajectories. This descriptive study indicated that circadian phase and self-selected sleep delayed across adolescence, though school-day sleep offset advanced until no longer in high school, whereupon offset was later. Phase angle changes are described as an interaction of developmental changes in sleep regulation interacting with psychosocial factors (e.g., bedtime autonomy.

  1. Mortality associated with timing of admission to and discharge from ICU: a retrospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laupland Kevin B

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although the association between mortality and admission to intensive care units (ICU in the "after hours" (weekends and nights has been the topic of extensive investigation, the timing of discharge from ICU and outcome has been less well investigated. The objective of this study was to assess effect of timing of admission to and discharge from ICUs and subsequent risk for death. Methods Adults (≥18 years admitted to French ICUs participating in Outcomerea between January 2006 and November 2010 were included. Results Among the 7,380 patients included, 61% (4,481 were male, the median age was 62 (IQR, 49-75 years, and the median SAPS II score was 40 (IQR, 28-56. Admissions to ICU occurred during weekends (Saturday and Sunday in 1,708 (23% cases, during the night (18:00-07:59 in 3,855 (52%, and on nights and/or weekends in 4,659 (63% cases. Among 5,992 survivors to ICU discharge, 903 (15% were discharged on weekends, 659 (11% at night, and 1,434 (24% on nights and/or weekends. After controlling for a number of co-variates using logistic regression analysis, admission during the after hours was not associated with an increased risk for death. However, patients discharged from ICU on nights were at higher adjusted risk (odds ratio, 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.11 for death. Conclusions In this study, ICU discharge at night but not admission was associated with a significant increased risk for death. Further studies are needed to examine whether minimizing night time discharges from ICU may improve outcome.

  2. Determinants of change in children's sedentary time.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew J Atkin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Understanding the determinants of sedentary time during childhood contributes to the development of effective intervention programmes. PURPOSE: To examine family and home-environmental determinants of 1-year change in objectively measured sedentary time after-school and at the weekend. METHODS: Participants wore accelerometers at baseline and 1 year later. Longitudinal data for after-school and weekend analyses were available for 854 (41.5%male, mean ± SD age 10.2 ± 0.3 years and 718 (41.8%male, age 10.2 ± 0.3 years participants. Information on 26 candidate determinants, including socioeconomic status (SES, availability of electronic media and parental rules for sedentary behaviours was self-reported by children or their parents at baseline. Change in the proportion of registered time spent sedentary was used as the outcome variable in multi-level linear regression models, adjusted for age, sex, body mass index and baseline sedentary time. Simple and multiple models were run and interactions with sex explored. RESULTS: Children from higher socioeconomic status families exhibited greater increases in after-school (beta; 95% CI for change in % time spent sedentary 1.02; 0.37, 1.66 and weekend (1.42; 0.65, 2.18 sedentary time. Smaller increases in after-school sedentary time were observed in children with more siblings (-1.00; -1.69, -0.30, greater availability of electronic media (-0.81; -1.29, -0.33 and, for boys, more frequent family visits to the park (-1.89; -3.28, -0.51 and family participation in sport (-1.28; -2.54, -0.02. Greater maternal weekend screen-time (0.45; 0.08, 0.83 and, in girls, greater parental restriction on playing outside (0.91; 0.08, 1.74 were associated with larger increases in weekend sedentary time. The analytical sample was younger, more likely to be female, had lower BMI and was of higher SES than the original baseline sample. CONCLUSIONS: Intervention strategies aimed at reducing parents' weekend

  3. Exploring parents' screen-viewing behaviours and sedentary time in association with their attitudes toward their young child's screen-viewing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Solomon-Moore

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Sedentary time and screen-viewing (SV are associated with chronic disease risk in adults. Parent and child sedentary time and SV are associated. Parents influence children's SV through parenting styles and role modelling. Understanding whether parents' attitudes toward child SV are associated with their own SV and sedentary time will aid development of family interventions to reduce sedentary behaviours. Cross-sectional data with 809 parents from Bristol, UK were collected in 2012–2013 and analysed in 2016. Parental total sedentary time was derived from accelerometer data. Parents self-reported daily television viewing, use of computers, games consoles, and smartphone/tablets (none, 1–59 min, 1–2 h, >2 h and attitudes toward child SV. Adjusted linear and logistic regression models were used to examine associations, separately for weekdays and weekend days. Having negative attitudes toward child SV was associated with lower weekend sedentary time (Coeff: −6.41 [95% CI: −12.37 to −0.45] min/day. Limiting behaviours and having negative attitudes toward child SV were associated with lower weekday television viewing (OR: 0.72 [0.57–0.90] and 0.57 [0.47–0.70] respectively, weekend television viewing (0.75 [0.59–0.95] and 0.61 [0.50–0.75], and weekend computer use (0.73 [0.58–0.92] and 0.80 [0.66–0.97]. Negative attitudes were also associated with lower smartphone use on weekdays (0.70 [0.57–0.85] and weekends (0.70 [0.58–0.86]. Parent self-efficacy for limiting child SV and setting SV rules were not associated with sedentary time or SV. Reporting negative attitudes toward child SV was associated with lower accelerometer-assessed weekend total sedentary time and self-reported SV behaviours, while limiting child SV was also associated with lower self-reported SV.

  4. Movement Behaviors in Children and Indicators of Adverse Health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Mads Fiil

    The prevalence of overweight children is high and increasing numbers of children now show features of metabolic syndrome. Various aspects of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and lack of good-quality sleep have all been linked to this recent development of overweight and cardio-metabolic risk...... at reducing obesity and its associated metabolic complications in adulthood. In my PhD thesis I assessed objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep in 8- to 11-year-old Danish children and related these movement behaviors to indicators of adverse health (dietary intake, adiposity...... of the children did not meet international screen time, physical activity, and sleep recommendations. Physical activity was lower and sedentary time was higher during winter and during weekends and sleep duration was also lowest during weekends indicating that these periods might serve as key intervention periods...

  5. Information regarding restaurants 1 and 2

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Please note that Restaurant 1 will be closed during the Easter weekend from Friday 6th April until Monday 9th April inclusive. Restaurant 2 will remain open during this period. See http://resto2.web.cern.ch/resto2/Events/easter2007.html for more information. Restaurant 1 will also be closed for technical reasons during the weekend of 5th-6th May. Restaurant 2 will be open on Saturday 5th May from 8.00-20.00 and on Sunday 6th May from 9.00-20.00. Hot meals will be served on both days from 12.00-14.00 and from 18.00-19.30. See http://resto2.web.cern.ch/resto2/Events/5-6May2007.html for more information. Thank you for your understanding.

  6. Video game genre preference, physical activity and screen-time in adolescent boys from low-income communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorne, Hayden T; Smith, Jordan J; Morgan, Philip J; Babic, Mark J; Lubans, David R

    2014-12-01

    The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between the types of video games played by adolescent boys and their participation in physical activity and recreational screen-time. Participants were 320 boys (mean age = 12.7, ±0.5 years) from 14 secondary schools located in low-income areas of New South Wales, Australia. Outcomes included height, weight, physical activity (accelerometers), total screen-time, and video game genre preference. Significant differences in both weekday and weekend screen-time were found between video game genre groups. In addition, significant differences in overall activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were found between genre groups on weekdays. Between-group differences in physical activity on weekends were not statistically significant. This cross-sectional study has demonstrated that video game genre preference is associated with physical activity and screen-time in adolescent boys from low-income communities.

  7. Seasonal variation in objectively measured physical activity, sedentary time, cardio-respiratory fitness and sleep duration among 8–11 year-old Danish children: a repeated-measures study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Mads F.; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Michaelsen, Kim

    2013-01-01

    and total physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sleep duration (boys only) were lower during weekends at all seasons (P ≤ 0.01). Intraclass correlation coefficients between seasons ranged from 0.47-0.74, leaving 45-78% to seasonal variation. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, sedentary time...... was, therefore, to examine between-season and within-week variation in physical activity, sedentary behaviour, cardio-respiratory fitness and sleep duration among 8–11 year-old children. METHODS: A total of 1021 children from nine Danish schools were invited to participate and 834 accepted. Due...... was higher and physical activity lower during winter and during weekends. The most accurate and unbiased estimates of physical activity came from autumn; however, the considerable intra-individual variation suggests that a single measurement may not adequately characterise children’s habitual sleep...

  8. Mental time travel, life story coherence and cultural life scripts in youths with anxiety disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramsgaard, Stine; Thastum, Mikael; Bohn, Annette

    2016-01-01

    The ability to remember one’s personal past and imagine one’s future serves important social and life defining functions like maintaining identity. Here, 34 youths diagnosed with anxiety disorders (age 10-17) and 34 community based controls wrote about their past weekends, their past and future...... life stories, and generated cultural life scripts. Replicating findings from non-clinical samples, past life stories were longer, and contained more negative events and fewer life script events than future life stories in both groups. Different from earlier findings the anxiety group had less coherent...... past and future life stories than the control group. Weekend stories did not differ in length and coherence between groups, suggesting that differences in life story coherence are not due to differences in general narrative ability. The control group mentioned more life script events in their future...

  9. [Daily number of births in Norway 1989-93. Variations across months, day of week, phase of the moon and changes in leave entitlements].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ytterstad, E; Brenn, T

    1997-03-20

    The variation in the daily numbers of births across month, day of week, phase of the moon and maternity leave entitlements have been studied for all births in Norway between 1989 and 1993, a total of 302,209 newborn children. The number of births was highest in the spring and lowest in November and December. A secondary birth maximum was observed in September, possibly related to activities during Christmas and New Year celebrations nine months before. Furthermore, births were least numerous at weekends and were concentrated in the middle of the week. This pattern probably reflects less active obstetric intervention at weekends. The number of births does not seem to vary with phase of the moon. At the time of the latest, and largest increase in national birth maternity leave entitlements, fewer births occurred in the days before and correspondingly more births in the days immediately after the date when the change came into force.

  10. Successful synchronization of the LHC's clockwise beam transfer system

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    LHC synchronization test successful The synchronization of the LHC's clockwise beam transfer system and the rest of CERN's accelerator chain was successfully achieved last weekend. Tests began on Friday 8 August when a single bunch of a few particles was taken down the transfer line from the SPS accelerator to the LHC. After a period of optimization, one bunch was kicked up from the transfer line into the LHC beam pipe and steered about 3 kilometres around the LHC itself on the first attempt. On Saturday, the test was repeated several times to optimize the transfer before the operations group handed the machine back for hardware commissioning to resume on Sunday. The anti-clockwise synchronization systems will be tested over the weekend of 22 August.

  11. LHC synchronization test successful

    CERN Multimedia

    The synchronization of the LHC's clockwise beam transfer system and the rest of CERN's accelerator chain was successfully achieved last weekend. Tests began on Friday 8 August when a single bunch of a few particles was taken down the transfer line from the SPS accelerator to the LHC. After a period of optimization, one bunch was kicked up from the transfer line into the LHC beam pipe and steered about 3 kilometres around the LHC itself on the first attempt. On Saturday, the test was repeated several times to optimize the transfer before the operations group handed the machine back for hardware commissioning to resume on Sunday. The anti-clockwise synchronization systems will be tested over the weekend of 22 August.Picture:http://lhc-injection-test.web.cern.ch/lhc-injection-test/

  12. Differences in outcomes between ICU attending and senior resident physician led medical emergency team responses✩

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, David S.; Schweickert, William; Holena, Daniel; Handzel, Robert; Sims, Carrie; Pascual, Jose L.; Sarani, Babak

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Although rapid response systems (RRS) have been shown to decrease the incidence of cardiac arrest (CA), there are no studies evaluating optimal staffing. We hypothesize that there are no outcome differences between ICU physician and senior resident led events. Methods A retrospective study of the RRS database at a single, academic hospital was performed from July 1, 2006 to May 31, 2010. Surgical patients and those in the ICU were excluded. Daytime (D) was defined as 7 am–5 pm Monday through Friday, and weekends were defined as 5 pm on Friday to 6:59 am on Monday. The nurse to patient ratio is constant during all shifts. An ICU physician leads daytime events on weekdays whereas night/weekend (NW) events are led by residents. NW events were compared against D events using chi square or Fischer’s exact test. Significance was defined as p ideal team composition. PMID:22841611

  13. 新形势下高职学生周末教育的必要性与实效性探究--以重庆财经职业学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟霖瑜; 郭帅

    2015-01-01

    新形势下,高职学生层次出现多元化,质量参差不齐,这对于高职院校学生管理工作都是新的挑战,为了切实加强高职学生的教育和管理,认真落实周末教育制度,探究提升其实效性的有效途径具有一定的现实意义。%Under the new situation, vocational student level appears pluralism, of varying quality, which for the management about College students are new challenges, in order to strengthen the vocational students' education and management, it has certain practical significance to earnestly implement the weekend education system and explore ef-fective way to improve weekend education actually effect.

  14. INFORMATION FROM THE BANK

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    The UBS will be integrating its two computer platforms during the weekend of 24 April.This operation involves changing your account card and Eurocheque card, which will be sent to you by post.Those who receive their bank correspondence at CERN may obtain their codes from the branch there.The security and rapidity of this procedure will be helped by the presentation of an identity document.Despite the precautions taken, problems may be experienced with the operation of the cash-points during that weekend.The bank's staff would like to offer apologies in advance for any difficulties and are at your disposal for any information you may need.UBS

  15. Single-machine scheduling with family setup times in a manufacturing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wen-Jinn

    2008-06-01

    This study considers a single-machine scheduling problem with sequence-dependent setup times. Specifically, this article discusses the problem with several families. In this research, the study assumes that the job being processed must be stopped if workers do not want to work at the weekend. This article calls the weekend period 'vacation'. Owing to complications in the production system, the setup time will be affected if the setup time is interrupted due to vacations. An efficient heuristic is developed to solve the problem of minimizing the maximum tardiness, subject to the family-setup time and vacation constraints. The article presents a heuristic to solve large-sized problems. A branch-and-bound algorithm that utilizes several theorems is also proposed to find the optimal schedules for the problem. Computational results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the heuristic.

  16. Teen Ambassador Leadership Kit (TALK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donna R. Gillespie

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Teen Ambassador Leadership Kit, (TALK, is an annual weekend retreat designed for teens interested in promoting and marketing 4-H in their communities. TALK organizers felt teens would benefit from an intensive weekend retreat focused on communication. TALK produces a network of educated and excited 4-H teens that are available to help with 4-H promotion and marketing. Participants arrive on Friday evening for team building activities, on Saturday they participate in one of the workshops offered and on Sunday morning each workshop group has the opportunity to share their completed projects and what they learned. At the conclusion of the retreat, teens are designated "County 4-H Ambassadors" and certificates of completion, professional business cards and polo shirts are presented. The TALK teen participants return home to share what they learned with their local county 4-H staff and help promote and market 4-H in their communities.

  17. Uber and Metropolitan Traffic Fatalities in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brazil, Noli; Kirk, David S

    2016-08-01

    Uber and similar rideshare services are rapidly dispersing in cities across the United States and beyond. Given the convenience and low cost, Uber has been characterized as a potential countermeasure for reducing the estimated 121 million episodes of drunk driving and the 10,000 resulting traffic fatalities that occur annually in the United States. We exploited differences in the timing of the deployment of Uber in US metropolitan counties from 2005 to 2014 to test the association between the availability of Uber's rideshare services and total, drunk driving-related, and weekend- and holiday-specific traffic fatalities in the 100 most populated metropolitan areas in the United States using negative binomial and Poisson regression models. We found that the deployment of Uber services in a given metropolitan county had no association with the number of subsequent traffic fatalities, whether measured in aggregate or specific to drunk-driving fatalities or fatalities during weekends and holidays.

  18. Are short daily trips compensated by higher leisure mobility?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næss, Petter

    2006-01-01

    Studies in several cities have shown that inner-city residents travel shorter distances and use cars less for local transport than suburbanites do. However, according to some authors, a low daily amount of travel is likely to be compensated through more extensive leisure mobility at weekends...... and on holidays. On the basis of a study of residential location and travel in the Copenhagen metropolitan area, this paper addresses the phenomenon of compensatory travel. For travel within ‘weekend trip distance’ from the residence, inner-city living appears to have a certain compensatory effect in the form...... of a higher frequency of medium-distance leisure trips. Probably, this reflects a shortage of nature in the immediate surroundings of the dwelling as well as less leisure time tied to gardening and house maintenance. These compensatory trips imply a slight reduction of the transport-reducing effect of inner...

  19. Jüri Kasel on väljas kaks suurt näitust : ...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Kuni 6. I 2006 saab Belgias Liege'i kaasaegse kunsti keskuses vaadata Jüri Kase suuri maale, paarisadat joonistust ning objekti ja kuni 12. XII Inglismaal Oxfordi Jacqueline du Pre muusikahoones maale. Liege'i näitusel on väljas ka Jaanus Miku tehtud video "Pinta pilte". 22.-26. XI Eesti kultuuripäevadel Oxfordis esines Weekend Guitar Trio, Kristiina Ehin luges luulet, näidati Priit Tenderi ja Ülo Pikkovi animafilme

  20. A prospective examination of children's time spent outdoors, objectively measured physical activity and overweight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleland, V; Crawford, D; Baur, L A; Hume, C; Timperio, A; Salmon, J

    2008-11-01

    This study aimed to determine whether time spent outdoors was associated with objectively measured physical activity, body mass index (BMI) z-score and overweight in elementary-school aged children, cross-sectionally and prospectively over 3 years. Three-year cohort study with data collected during 2001 and 2004. Nineteen randomly selected state elementary schools across Melbourne, Australia. One hundred and eighty eight 5-6-year-old and 360 10-12-year-old children. Baseline parent reports of children's time spent outdoors during warmer and cooler months, on weekdays and weekends. At baseline and follow-up, children's moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was objectively assessed by accelerometry, and BMI z-score and overweight was calculated from measured height and weight. Cross-sectionally, each additional hour outdoors on weekdays and weekend days during the cooler months was associated with an extra 27 min week(-1) MVPA among older girls, and with an extra 20 min week(-1) MVPA among older boys. Longitudinally, more time outdoors on weekends predicted higher MVPA on weekends among older girls and boys (5 min week(-1)). The prevalence of overweight among older children at follow-up was 27-41% lower among those spending more time outdoors at baseline. Encouraging 10-12-year-old children to spend more time outdoors may be an effective strategy for increasing physical activity and preventing increases in overweight and obesity. Intervention research investigating the effect of increasing time outdoors on children's physical activity and overweight is warranted.

  1. Editorial Commentary: Put Me in Coach! Hip Arthroscopy Gets Patients Back in the Game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Patrick; Philippon, Marc J

    2017-04-01

    A significant proportion of patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement are athletes attempting to return to sport. Emerging data suggest hip arthroscopy has a high success rate in athletes returning to play at all competitive levels and ages. Although several factors are important in determining return to athletics, the results of hip arthroscopy appear promising in all athletes, from weekend warriors to elite professionals.

  2. Summertime weekly cycles of observed and modeled NOx and O3 concentrations as a function of land use type and ozone production sensitivity over the Continental United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Lee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Simulation results from the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ model version 4.7.1 over the Conterminous United States (CONUS for August 2009 are analyzed to evaluate how satellite-derived O3 sensitivity regimes capture weekly cycles of the U.S. EPA's Air Quality System (AQS observed ground-level concentrations of ozone (O3. AQS stations are classified according to a geographically-based land use designation or an O3-NOx-VOC chemical sensitivity regime. Land use designations are derived from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR global land cover characteristic data representing three features: urban regions, forest regions, and other regions. The O3 chemical regimes (NOx-saturated, mixed, and NOx-sensitive are inferred from low to high values of photochemical indicators based on the ratio of the HCHO to NO2 column density from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment 2 (GOME-2 and CMAQ. Both AQS-observed weekly cycles of NOx at measurement sites over AVHRR geographical regions and GOME-2 sensitivity regimes show high NOx on weekdays and low NOx on weekends. However, the AQS-observed O3 weekly cycle at sites over the GOME-2 NOx-saturated regime is noticeably different from that over the AVHRR urban region. Whereas the high weekend O3 anomaly is clearly shown at sites over the GOME-2 NOx-saturated regime in both AQS and CMAQ, the weekend effect is not captured at other sites over the AVHRR urban region. In addition, the weekend effect from AQS is more clearly discernible at sites above the GOME-2 NOx-saturated regime than at other sites above the CMAQ NOx-saturated regime. This study suggests that chemical classifications of GOME-2 chemical regime stations produces better results for weekly O3 cycles than either the CMAQ chemical or AVHRR geographical classifications.

  3. Having fun at THE Port Hackathon@CERN: Sophy team

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    THE Port problem-solving workshop - also known as a hackathon / makeathon - took place at CERN during the weekend of 14th-15th October. This year I had the opportunity to participate as member of the Pier58, more popularly known as Sophy team. What humanitarian problem did hack? Did we manage to carry out the project? And the most important what were our impressions about The Port experience?

  4. Cinematic creativity and production budgets: Does money make the movie?

    OpenAIRE

    Simonton, Dean Keith

    2005-01-01

    Although filmmaking requires substantial capital investment, it is not known whether cinematic creativity is positively correlated with the size of the film's budget. Therefore, budgetary impact was investigated in a sample of feature films released between 1997 and 2001. Although production costs were positively related to box office success (as measured by both first weekend and gross), such expenditures had no correlation with best picture awards and were negatively correlated with critica...

  5. Career in the bank for collection in times of financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Ioana Florentina BUDU

    2009-01-01

    Staffing a collection call centre, in a period of crisis, requires more than hiring the most qualified applicants. Collection managers must define a recruiting, hiring and staffing plan to meet inbound call service levels and maximize outbound calling during optimal customer contact times, usually on nights and weekends. Job candidates who have prior telephone job experience, especially in telemarketing or customer service, have proven to be successful collectors because of their skill sets a...

  6. Energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Meghan A.; Howatson, Glyn; Quin, Edel; Redding, Emma; Stevenson, Emma J.

    2017-01-01

    Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded. Mean daily energy intake and expenditure were different over the 7-day period (P = 0.014) equating to an energy deficit of -356 ± 668 kcal·day-1 (or -1.5 ± 2.8 MJ·day-1). Energy expenditure was not different when comparing week and weekend days (P = 0.297). However daily energy intake (P = 0.002), energy availability (P = 0.003), and energy balance (P = 0.004) were lower during the week compared to the weekend, where energy balance became positive. The percentage contribution of macronutrients to total energy intake also differed; with higher fat (P = 0.022) and alcohol (P = 0.020), and lower carbohydrate (P = 0.001) and a trend for lower protein (P = 0.051) at the weekend. Energy balance and appropriate macronutrient intake are essential for maintaining the demands of training, performance and recovery. Whilst aesthetics are important, female contemporary dancers may be at risk of the numerous health and performance impairments associated with negative energy balance, particularly during periods of scheduled training. PMID:28212449

  7. Ever Wondered What Playing Video Games Does to Your Brain?

    OpenAIRE

    Anaya,; Bavelier, Daphne

    2013-01-01

    Children today interact with media an average of 7 hours a day, every day including weekends. That is more than the weekly time adults spend at work. What is the impact of so much media consumption? Research in this field is still in its infancy, but an emerging field on video game and the brain suggests that we are in for some surprises.

  8. Day-of-the-week effect on doctors' response to a postal questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Andreasen, A.H.

    1995-01-01

    Formålet med dette lille metodearbejde var at undersøge, om svarprocenten på spørgeskemaundersøgelser til alment praktiserende læger og speciallæger kan øges ved at sørge for, at skemaet modtages lige før en week-end. I det randomiserede forsøg var der imidlertid ingen forskel på, om spørgeskemae...

  9. Patterns of physical activity in Spanish children: A descriptive pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Aznar Laín, Susana; Naylor, P. J.; Silva, Pedro; Pérez Ruiz, Margarita; Angulo, T.; Laguna, María; Lara, M. T.; López Chicharro, José

    2011-01-01

    The majority of Spanish adults and children do not engage in enough physical activity to be beneficial for health. There is a need for objective and accurate assessment of the proportion of children meeting the physical activity recommendation for health. Assessing patterns of physical activity both between days (during weekdays and weekend days) and within days is of interest to improve our understanding of the variation in Spanish children's physical activity and to provide efficient interv...

  10. Assessing volume of accelerometry data for reliability in preschool children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinkley, Trina; O'Connell, Eoin; Okely, Anthony D; Crawford, David; Hesketh, Kylie; Salmon, Jo

    2012-12-01

    This study examines what volume of accelerometry data (h·d) is required to reliably estimate preschool children's physical activity and whether it is necessary to include weekday and weekend data. Accelerometry data from 493 to 799 (depending on wear time) preschool children from the Melbourne-based Healthy Active Preschool Years study were used. The percentage of wear time each child spent in total (light-vigorous) physical activity was the main outcome. Hourly increments of daily data were analyzed. t-tests, controlling for age and clustering by center of recruitment, assessed the differences between weekday and weekend physical activity. Intraclass correlation coefficients estimated reliability for an individual day. Spearman-Brown prophecy formula estimated the number of days required to reach reliability estimates of 0.7, 0.8, and 0.9. The children spent a significantly greater percentage of time being physically active on weekend compared with weekdays regardless of the minimum number of hours included (t = 12.49-16.76, P 8 d of data were required to reach a reliability estimate of 0.7 with 10 or more hours of data per day; 3.3-3.4 d were required to meet the same reliability estimate for days with 7 h of data. Future studies should ensure they include the minimum amount of data (hours per day and number of days) as identified in this study to meet at least a 0.7 reliability level and should report the level of reliability for their study. In addition to weekdays, at least one weekend day should be included in analyses to reliably estimate physical activity levels for preschool children.

  11. Play Ball!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CORRIE; DOSH

    2008-01-01

    Major league baseball revives a century-old sport in China On the weekend of March 15,two American major league baseball teams met in Beijing for two ex- hibition games to show Chinese crowds just how exciting America’s favorite pastime can be.The San Diego Padres faced the Los Angeles Dodgers,in front of a near sellout crowd of 12,224 at the new Olympic venue.Vendors plied the crowd with hot

  12. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    SPECIAL OFFER FOR OUR MEMBERS Prices Spring and Summer 2012 Half-day ticket: 5 hours, same price weekends, public holidays and weekdays. Children from 5 to 15 years old: 26 CHF instead of 35 CHF Adults from 16 years old: 32 CHF instead of 43 CHF Bonus! Free for children under 5. Aquaparc Les Caraïbes sur Léman 1807 Le Bouveret (VS)

  13. A Farewell to Leap Forward Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the evening of July 23,a deadly crash involving two high-speed trains in east China killed dozens,including children and expectant mothers.The tragedy was a shock to the whole country.Chen Bin,a commentator at Southern Weekend,believes China has paid a heavy price for its "leap-forward development" of a high-speed railway,and this mode of development should be abandoned to avoid huge risks in the future.

  14. Practical Look at the CPC Blueprint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Economic Observer and Nanfang Weekend respectively conducted interviews with Pan Yue,Vice Minister of the State Environmental Protection Administration,and Professor Justin Yifu Lin,Director of the China Center for Economic Research,Peking University,on how they view comments made in General Secretary of the Communist Party of China)CPC)Hu Jintao’s report at the 17th National Congress of the Party.Interviews are reproduced here.

  15. Weekly patterns of México City's surface concentrations of CO, NOx, PM10 and O3 during 1986–2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Muñoz

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Surface pollutant concentrations in México City show a distinct pattern of weekly variations similar to that observed in many other cities of the world. Measurements of the concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO, nitrogen oxides (NOx=NO+NO2, particulate matter smaller than 10 μm (PM10, and ozone (O3 collected hourly over 22 years (1986–2007 at 39 urban monitoring locations were analyzed. Morning concentrations of CO, NOx, and PM10 are lower on Saturdays and even more so on Sundays, compared to workdays (Monday–Friday, while afternoon O3 concentrations change minimally and are occasionally even higher. This weekend effect is empirical evidence that photochemical O3 production is NOx-inhibited, and to the extent that emissions of CO are proportional to those of reactive volatile organic compounds (VOCs, it is VOC-limited, at least in the urban areas for which the monitoring stations are representative. The VOC-limitation has increased in the past decade, due to decreases in the concentrations of CO (and presumably VOCs and consequent decreases in the CO/NOx and VOC/NOx ratios. Enhancements of photolysis frequencies resulting from smaller weekend aerosol burdens are not negligible, but fall short of being an alternate explanation for the observed weekend effect. The strength of the weekend effect indicates that local radical termination occurs primarily via formation of nitric acid and other NOx-related compounds, some of which (e.g. peroxy acyl nitrates can contribute to the regional NOx budget. While VOC emission reductions would be most effective in reducing local O3 production, NOx emission reduction may be more important for controlling regional oxidants.

  16. Weekly patterns of México City's surface concentrations of CO, NOx, PM10 and O3 during 1986–2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Retama

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Surface pollutant concentrations in México City show a distinct pattern of weekly variations similar to that observed in many other cities of the world. Measurements of the concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO, nitrogen oxides (NOx=NO+NO2, particulate matter smaller than 10 μm (PM10, and ozone (O3 collected hourly over 22 years (1986–2007 at 32 urban monitoring locations were analyzed. Morning concentrations of CO, NOx, and PM10 are lower on Saturdays and even more so on Sundays, compared to workdays (Monday–Friday, while afternoon O3 concentrations change minimally and are occasionally even higher. This weekend effect is empirical evidence that photochemical O3 production is NOx-inhibited, and to the extent that emissions of CO are correlated with reactive volatile organic compounds (VOCs, it is VOC-limited, at least in the urban areas for which the monitoring stations are representative. The VOC-limitation has increased in the past decade, due to decreases in the concentrations of CO (and presumably VOCs and consequent decreases in the CO/NOx and VOC/NOx ratios. Enhancements of photolysis frequencies resulting from smaller weekend aerosol burdens are not negligible, but fall short of being an alternate explanation for the observed weekend effect. The strength of the weekend effect indicates that local radical termination occurs primarily via formation of nitric acid and other NOx-related compounds, some of which (e.g. peroxy acyl nitrates can contribute to the regional NOx budget. While VOC emission reductions would be most effective in reducing local O3 production, NOx emission reduction may be more important for controlling regional oxidants.

  17. Analysis of Facilities’ Energy Use Patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    79, 74 69 ’S X60 ~64 49 3S 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 OLDG149 WEEKDAYS PEAIODS-24,12.S,6 HOUJRS 84 79 74 69- 49- 0LDG148 WEEKENDS PERIODS...Houston 78234 Tyndall API , FL 32403Norh enral 6005Fort Lewis 98433 AFESC/Engineering A Service LabMorth Pacific 97208 Fort McCoy 54656Ohio River

  18. Â Sentimental Preferences and the Organizational Regime of Betting Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Â Egon Franck; Â Erwin Verbeek; Â Stephan Nuesch

    2010-01-01

    Â We analyze the price impact of sentimental bettor preferences within a bookmaker betting market. Our model demonstrates that, under reasonable assumptions about the nature of demand in a market with strong competition, the bookmaker will offer lower prices for bets with comparatively stronger demand. Using a sample of more than 16,000 English soccer matches we find evidence that more favorable odds are extended to bets on more popular clubs and that this effect is amplified on weekends when...

  19. The effect of flexion distraction therapy of the lumbar spine on the electromyographic activity of the erector spinae muscle

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    M.Tech. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the electromyographic effect of flexion distraction therapy of the lumbar spine on the Erector Spinae muscles in participants with lumbar facet dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Thirty participants with lumbar facet dysfunction underwent 6 flexion distraction therapy treatments on alternate days over a 2-week period (excluding weekends) to test the electromyographic effect on the Erector Spinae muscle. SETTING: University of Johannesburg C...

  20. 初三英语限时阅读训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王久琴

    2001-01-01

    @@ Where's the Missing Dollar? Mr Knight was the Hianager(经理)of a hotel(饭店).One weekend all of the hotels in the city were full because there was a large meeting.On Friday night,three men came into the hotel and asked for rooms.Mr Knight explained(解释)that because of the meeting,there were no roonls ready tbr use.The men were very unhappy because they had no place to stay.

  1. Sleep in Adolescents With Bipolar I Disorder: Stability and Relation to Symptom Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gershon, Anda; Singh, Manpreet K

    2017-01-01

    Sleep disturbances are common features of bipolar disorder (BD), yet little is known about trajectories of sleep disturbances in youth with BD. Using longitudinal data, this study assessed the stability of sleep disturbances and their ability to predict symptom progression in adolescents diagnosed with BD compared to controls. Thirteen- to 19-year-olds meeting diagnostic criteria for BD I (n = 19, 16.2 ± 1.75 years, 57.9 % female, 68.4% Caucasian) and psychiatrically healthy age-comparable controls (n = 21, 15.7 ± 1.48 years. 52.4% female, 57.1% Caucasian) were assessed for sleep onset latency, number of awakenings, and wake time, separately for weekdays and weekends using a self-report questionnaire. Sleep indices and symptoms of mania (Young Mania Rating Scale) and depression (Children's Depression Rating Scale) were assessed at two time points, T1 and T2, approximately 12 months apart. Correlations were used to examine stability of sleep indices across time points and regression models to examine the effects of T1 sleep on T2 symptoms. Adolescents with BD showed low stability on most sleep indices, whereas controls showed high stability on all sleep indices. After controlling for T1 depression symptoms, more T1 weekend awakenings and weekend wake time predicted significantly greater T2 depression symptoms in youth with BD but not in controls. No significant associations were found between T1 sleep and T2 mania symptoms. These findings suggest that increased awakenings and wakefulness on weekends may represent an important therapeutic target for reducing depression in adolescents with BD.

  2. Indicators for energy use in buildings; Nyckeltal foer energianvaendning i byggnader

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, Peter; Storm, Martin

    2001-10-01

    On behalf of the Ministry of the Environment a study was performed in order to suggest energy consumption indicators (ratios) for buildings. The amount of energy supplied for space heating, hot water, cooling and operation of buildings is measured for each energy source (electricity, district heating, fuel oil, gas, coal, peat, wood fuels or other) and per useful floor space. The indicators should be separately accounted for different types of buildings (houses, apartment buildings, weekend residences, schools, offices, hospitals, industry etc)

  3. Advanced Pediatric Brain Imaging Research and Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Given that Dr. York was unable to continue his training on site following the military travel moratorium, we organized remote video conferencing ...have also set up remote video conferencing capabilities to allow Dr. York and others to participate in these seminars when they are off-site. This is a...learning solutions, such as video conferencing with several onsite meetings per year that would be limited to long weekends. In addition, we suggested

  4. Forex markets: technical analysis and algorithmic trading

    OpenAIRE

    Klepić, Igor

    2013-01-01

    Technical analysis is an efficient way for analysing financial markets such as forex where currencies are being traded. Forex market is the biggest market among all of them which is closed only during weekends. Analysis uses past behaviour of the market and with different mathematical methods tries to predict the future movement of the market. With the help of technical analysis forex market allows individuals as well as large financial corporations to efficiently manage their wealth while th...

  5. Physical Activity Patterns in University Students: Do They Follow the Public Health Guidelines?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemente, Filipe Manuel; Nikolaidis, Pantelis Theodoros; Martins, Fernando Manuel Lourenço; Mendes, Rui Sousa

    2016-01-01

    Physical activity is associated with health. The aim of this study was (a) to access if Portuguese university students meet the public health recommendations for physical activity and (b) the effect of gender and day of the week on daily PA levels of university students. This observational cross-sectional study involved 126 (73 women) healthy Portuguese university students aged 18-23 years old. Participants wore the ActiGraph wGT3X-BT accelerometer for seven consecutive days. Number of steps, time spent sedentary and in light, moderate and vigorous physical activity were recorded. The two-way MANOVA revealed that gender (p-value = 0.001; η2 = 0.038; minimum effect) and day of the week (p-value = 0.001; η2 = 0.174; minimum effect) had significant main effects on the physical activity variables. It was shown that during weekdays, male students walked more steps (65.14%), spent less time sedentary (6.77%) and in light activities (3.11%) and spent more time in moderate (136.67%) and vigorous activity (171.29%) in comparison with weekend days (p students walked more steps (51.18%) and spent more time in moderate (125.70%) and vigorous (124.16%) activities during weekdays than in weekend days (p students did not achieve the recommended 10,000 steps/day on average during weekdays and weekend days. Only male students achieved this recommendation during weekdays. In summary, this study showed a high incidence of sedentary time in university students, mainly on weekend days. New strategies must be adopted to promote physical activity in this population, focusing on the change of sedentary behaviour.

  6. Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) birth patterns and human presence in zoological settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtycz, Laura M B; Ross, Stephen R

    2015-11-01

    There is some evidence to suggest that zoo visitors may have a disruptive impact on zoo-housed animals, especially primates. While some consider western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) to be particularly reactive to large crowds, the evidence of these effects is mixed, and is likely highly influenced by exhibit design, and group composition. While the majority of studies have focused on behavioral responses to human presence, there is the potential for physiological effects as well, including the possibility of affecting the timing of parturition. Such effects have been demonstrated in laboratory-housed callitrichids and chimpanzees, but unlike laboratory settings where human presence is lowest during the weekends, human presence might peak during weekends in public zoo settings. However, in a study of zoo-housed chimpanzees, there were no significant differences between the number of chimpanzee births that occurred on weekdays compared to weekends [Wagner and Ross, 2008], and we sought to test these questions with gorillas. We analyzed the timing of 336 live gorilla births and 48 stillbirths at 53 accredited North American zoos from 1985-2014, and similarly to chimpanzees, found no weekend or weekday effect on number of births (live births: G = 0.000, p = 1; stillbirths: G = 0.166, p < 0.684). These data add to our understanding of the potential influence of human presence on primate behavior and physiology, and add to evidence suggesting that the effects of zoo visitors on exhibited species may be less profound than previously assumed.

  7. Energy Beverages: Content and Safety

    OpenAIRE

    Higgins, John P.; Tuttle, Troy D.; Higgins, Christopher L.

    2010-01-01

    Exercise is making a resurgence in many countries, given its benefits for fitness as well as prevention of obesity. This trend has spawned many supplements that purport to aid performance, muscle growth, and recovery. Initially, sports drinks were developed to provide electrolyte and carbohydrate replacement. Subsequently, energy beverages (EBs) containing stimulants and additives have appeared in most gyms and grocery stores and are being used increasingly by “weekend warriors” and those see...

  8. Final Environmental Assessment: Proposed Composite Aircraft Inspection Facilities, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-02

    taking many exposures using tripods or mechanical booms during nights and weekends. X-ray technicians receive exposures to ionizing radiation that...equipment and other controls to ensure that occupational exposures to hazardous agents do not adversely affect health and safety, and acquisition of...characterized as non hazardous). Wipes from wiping developer would fill approximately one 55-gallon drum per year, would contain talc and alcohol

  9. Creating and developing a non-profit community-outreach healthcare clinic in the developing world: lessons learnt in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favara, D M

    2014-05-01

    Chesed Children's Clinic is a non-profit, non-governmental, volunteer-run primary care paediatric-outreach clinic servicing the severely under-resourced informal settlement of Mzamomhle within South Africa's impoverished Eastern Cape Province. Founded in May 2011 by a group of junior medical professionals and volunteers, the clinic has been successfully operating a weekend clinic on alternate Sundays since September 2011. This paper discusses 10 points of essential consideration for individuals and organisations intent on pursuing similar projects.

  10. Report on Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event UMESE0501Sp: Multispecies Mass Stranding of Pilot Whales (Globicephala macrorhynchus), Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), and Dwarf Sperm Whales (Kogia sima) in North Carolina on 15-16 January 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Aleta A. Hohn; Rotstein, David S.; Harms, Craig A.; Southall, Brandon L.

    2006-01-01

    On 15-16 January 2005, three offshore species of cetaceans (33 short-finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchus, one minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, and two dwarf sperm whales, Kogia sima) stranded alive on the beaches of North Carolina. The pilot whales stranded near Oregon Inlet, the minke whale in northern North Carolina, and the dwarf sperm whales near Cape Hatteras. Live strandings of three species in one weekend was unique in North Carolina and qualified as an Unusual Mort...

  11. JPRS Report, Arms Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    one more launch as successful as that of Sonda IV, fired off last weekend at the Barreira do Inferno launch base close to Natal, RN, Brazil will be...computers for performance anal- ysis. Also, the precision radar system—at Barreira do Inferno there are two, should one fail—monitored the entire...already built, and require only the installation of equipment. This does not mean, though, that the launch base at Barreira do Inferno will be

  12. Optimizing Daytime Short Sleep Episodes to Maximize Performance in a Stressful Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    in light, temperature, cultural habit or social pressure) adolescent males is not sinusoidal but asymmetric and unevenly distributed. Below-average...napping habits of the United States Military Academy Class of 2007. This portion of a four-year longitudinal study examines data collected on 62 Cadets...most frequently on weekdays. This finding contrasts with research of other samples of adolescent college students. Weekend naps were shorter in

  13. USAF Cyber Capability Development: A Vision for Future Cyber Warfare & a Concept for Education of Cyberspace Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    they may behave if implanted capabilities are triggered. Conficker, a self-spreading worm in the news recently 18 , highlights a pedagogical cyber...Conficker, a self-spreading worm in the news recently 34 , highlights a pedagogical cyber threat—the armies of compromised networked computers known as...several places at the same time. Given the quiet weekend, the NCO in charge decides that it must be a system glitch, runs a quick diagnostic , notes

  14. Far-field radiation patterns of aperture antennas by the Winograd Fourier transform algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisler, R.

    1978-01-01

    A more time-efficient algorithm for computing the discrete Fourier transform, the Winograd Fourier transform (WFT), is described. The WFT algorithm is compared with other transform algorithms. Results indicate that the WFT algorithm in antenna analysis appears to be a very successful application. Significant savings in cpu time will improve the computer turn around time and circumvent the need to resort to weekend runs.

  15. Parental influences on adolescent video game play: a study of accessibility, rules, limit setting, monitoring, and cybersafety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Lisa J; Gradisar, Michael; King, Daniel L

    2015-05-01

    Adolescents' video gaming is increasing at a rapid rate. Yet, little is known about what factors contribute toward more hours of gaming per week, as well as what factors may limit or protect adolescents from excessive gaming. The aim of the present study was to examine associations between adolescents' accessibility to video gaming devices, the locations played (i.e., bedroom, shared rooms), parental regulation of technology use, and the amount of hours spent video gaming during the week (weekdays vs. weekends). Adolescents (N=422; age 16.3±2.0 years, 41% male) completed an online questionnaire battery, including demographics, video gaming behaviors (e.g., hours played weekdays/weekends, time of day played, devices owned, locations played, etc.), and a questionnaire measuring aspects of parents' regulation of game playing (e.g., rules, limit setting, co-gaming). Accessibility to the adolescents' own devices, but not shared devices or device portability, was predictive of hours gaming on weekdays and weekends. Location (i.e., bedroom) was associated with increased gaming across the week. Parents discussing cybersafety was predictive of lower hours of gaming (weekdays and weekends). However, limit setting, monitoring, and co-gaming showed no significant effects. Adolescents' access to their own gaming equipped devices, as well as gaming in their bedrooms, were linked to increased hours of gaming. The findings suggest that in order to curb the increase in hours gaming, parents are advised to delay the ownership of adolescents' devices, encourage use in shared rooms, and discuss aspects of cybersafety with their teenage children.

  16. [Sleeping habits and sleep disorders during adolescence: relation to school performance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salcedo Aguilar, F; Rodríguez Almonacid, F M; Monterde Aznar, M L; García Jiménez, M A; Redondo Martínez, P; Marcos Navarro, A I

    2005-05-15

    To determine the prevalence of sleep disorders in adolescence. To describe sleeping habits of adolescents in relation to sleep disorders and associated factors. To determine the relation between sleep disorders/inappropiate sleeping habits and school performance. Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. Secondary school of Cuenca (city in Spain). 1293 school children of first and fourth curses of secondary education. Structured questionnaire with opened and closed questions on sleeping habits during weekdays and at weekends and sleep disorders to be answered by the adolescents anonymously and on their own. Student's school performance with relation with to sleeping habits and sleep disorders were determined. 1155 students out of 1293 (response rate 89.33%) answered the questionnaire, 537 (45.9%) boys and 618 (54.1%) girls, 14 years old on average (between 11-18 years). On weekdays students went to bed at 23.17 h and got up at 7.46 h (average sleeping time =8 hours and 18 minutes). At weekends they went to bed at 1.02 h and got up at 10.42 h (average sleeping time =9 hours and 40 minutes). 45.4% of students said to sleep badly on Sunday night's. On average the number of subjects failed in class is higher with adolescents who complain about sleep (2.28 vs 1.91; P=.04), who are tired at waking up time (2.17 vs 1.97; P=.048) and who have morning sleepiness (2.17 vs 1.75; P=.004). Schools hours cause deficit sleeping time during weekdays which is partly made up for at weekend. At weekends there is an interruption of the adolescent's sleeping habits. School performance of adolescents with sleep disorders is lower.

  17. Forex markets: technical analysis and algorithmic trading

    OpenAIRE

    Klepić, Igor

    2013-01-01

    Technical analysis is an efficient way for analysing financial markets such as forex where currencies are being traded. Forex market is the biggest market among all of them which is closed only during weekends. Analysis uses past behaviour of the market and with different mathematical methods tries to predict the future movement of the market. With the help of technical analysis forex market allows individuals as well as large financial corporations to efficiently manage their wealth while th...

  18. Flying Freely in a Black-and-White World——Young photographer Wen Hengmin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YiRen; PhotobyWenHengmin

    2002-01-01

    Foreign tourists to Beijing aspire to do three things -?climb the Great Wall, eat Beijing roast duck and visit the Panjiayuan flea market. On weekends, the Panjiayuan market attracts thousands of shoppers, both Chinese and foreign. In one corner a unique stand sells pictures. Displayed on one wall and grouped on a table are dozens of black-and-white photographs of folk customs in simple but elegant frames, just like at a photographic exhibition. Many people - young

  19. Camp Raising Spirits: An Oncology Nursing Society Chapter Leadership Success Story
.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennimore, Laura; Burgunder, Mary; Lee Schafer, Sandra; Jameson, Gayle S

    2017-08-01

    Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) members share a unique passion for the people they serve and frequently commit to projects that make a difference. Camp Raising Spirits, a weekend retreat for adults with cancer, has made a difference in southwestern Pennsylvania for hundreds of people with cancer and their caregivers for 24 consecutive years. This article will describe how an ONS chapter capitalized on the leadership attributes of partnership, creativity, and commitment to sustain an important community service program. 
.

  20. Air Pollution alongside Bike-Paths in Bogota - Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Felipe Franco

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The study we present in this paper aims at characterizing the range of fine particulate matter (PM2.5 and black carbon (BC concentrations to which bike-path users in Bogotá are exposed to. Using a bike equipped with a DustTrak and a micro-aethalometer we measured PM2.5 and BC concentration levels along bike-paths corridors, during weekdays and weekends. Experiments were conducted in fours streets, representing four typical configurations of bike-paths in the city. Traffic data for workdays was also available from local mobility authority. Results indicate that bike-paths users in Bogota are exposed to air pollution levels far exceeding the threshold values established as potentially dangerous for human health. Average concentrations for PM2.5 ranged between 80 and 136 ug/m3 in workdays and between 30 and 72 ug/m3 in weekends. BC mean concentrations were between 16 and 38 µg/m3 during workdays and in the range 10 to 32 µg/m3 during weekends. A statistically significant difference exists in the levels of pollutants concentrations measured during workdays and weekends for all the considered bike paths. According to our results, both traffic volume and diffusions conditions, which are affected by many factors including street geometry, affect bike-path user’s exposure levels. Taking into account the important role that bicycling is playing as an alternative transport mode in Latin American cities, we consider these results provide useful insights to increase the appreciation of the excessive bikers´ exposure to air pollution in Bogotá. Moreover, these findings contribute with technical elements that should lead to the inclusion of air quality variable when designing and planning sustainable urban mobility infrastructures.

  1. Patterns of objectively measured physical activity in normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals (20-85 years: a cross-sectional study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjørge Herman Hansen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The magnitude of the association between physical activity (PA and obesity has been difficult to establish using questionnaires. The aim of the study was to evaluate patterns of PA across BMI-defined weight categories and to examine the independent contribution of PA on weight status, using accelerometers. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional population-based study of 3,867 adults and older people aged 20-85 years, living in Norway. PA was assessed for seven consecutive days using the ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer. Anthropometrical data was self-reported and overweight and obesity was defined as having a body mass index (BMI of 25-<30 and ≥30 kg/m(2, respectively. RESULTS: Overweight and obese participants performed less overall PA and PA of at least moderate intensity and took fewer steps, compared to normal weight participants. Although overall PA did not differ between weekdays and weekends, an interaction between BMI category and type of day was present, indicating a larger difference in overall PA between BMI categories on weekends compared to weekdays. Obese participants displayed 19% and 25% lower overall physical activity compared to normal weight participants, on weekdays and weekends, respectively. Participants in the most active quintile of overall PA had a 53% lower risk (OR 0.47, 95% CI: 0.37 to 0.60 for having a BMI above or below 25 kg/m(2, and a 71% lower risk (OR: 0.29, 95% CI: 0.20 to 0.44 for having a BMI above or below 30 kg/m(2. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obese participants engaged in less overall PA and moderate and vigorous PA compared with normal weight individuals. The weight related differences in overall PA were most pronounced on the weekend and the risk of being overweight or obese decreases across quintiles of PA.

  2. Sleep in Adolescents with Bipolar I Disorder: Stability and Relation to Symptom Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gershon, Anda; Singh, Manpreet K.

    2016-01-01

    Objective Sleep disturbances are common features of bipolar disorder (BD) yet little is known about trajectories of sleep disturbances in youth with BD. Using longitudinal data, this study assessed the stability of sleep disturbances and their ability to predict symptom progression in adolescents diagnosed with BD compared to controls. Method Thirteen to nineteen year olds meeting diagnostic criteria for BD I (n = 19, 16.2 ±1.75 years, 57.9 % female, 68.4% Caucasian) and psychiatrically healthy age-comparable controls (n = 21, 15.7 ±1.48 years. 52.4% female, 57.1% Caucasian) were assessed for sleep onset latency, number of awakenings, and wake time, separately for weekdays and weekends using a self-report questionnaire. Sleep indices and symptoms of mania (Young Mania Rating Scale) and depression (Children's Depression Rating Scale) were assessed at two time points, T1 and T2, approximately twelve months apart. Correlations were used to examine stability of sleep indices across time points and regression models to examine the effects of T1 sleep on T2 symptoms. Results Adolescents with BD showed low stability on most sleep indices, whereas controls showed high stability on all sleep indices. After controlling for T1 depression symptoms, more T1 weekend awakenings and weekend wake time predicted significantly greater T2 depression symptoms in youth with BD but not in controls. No significant associations were found between T1 sleep and T2 mania symptoms. Conclusions These findings suggest that increased awakenings and wakefulness on weekends may represent an important therapeutic target for reducing depression in adolescents with BD. PMID:27472039

  3. Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-16

    the Middle East, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Israel. This report focuses on the following...Israel’s anxiety over the extent to which it can rely on its geographically distant superpower partner to actively thwart potential threats Israel... Relaxing Weekend in the Sights of Hezbollah,” Tablet, July 12, 2016; Avi Isaacharoff, “10 years after the Second Lebanon War, Israel isn’t in Hezbollah’s

  4. Meeting Air Training Command’s Future Airspace Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-08-01

    involvement in any activity must always be balanced in a democratic society . The debate ovor passage of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 highlighted the...aircraft type. The first, the JVX, will replaco the Navy and Marine CH-46 and the Army Mohawk aircraft. One candidate for this program is a version of...that Air Guard people, with their equip- ment, "can no longer be considered just ’weekend warriors ,’ but have evolved into a fuliltime contingency force

  5. Summary of the Budget and Economic Outlook: 2016 to 2026

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-19

    on the price index for personal consumption expenditures; the core rate excludes prices for food and energy . Data are annual. For real GDP growth and...105 billion more than the deficit recorded last year (see Summary Table 1). At 2.9 percent of gross domestic product ( GDP ), the expected...weekend.1 If not for that shift, the projected deficit in 2016 would be $500 billion, or 2.7 percent of GDP . The 2016 deficit that CBO currently projects

  6. Massive Joint Multinational Exercise Planning to Solve Army Warfighting Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    overtime costs. One example: if an exercise ended on a weekend and pallet- banding services were needed from IMCOM to facilitate the shipment of...days for exercise recovery. Additional recovery days would allow the unit to conduct banding operations the following weekday and save money by not...bin/Get TRDoc?Location= U2 &doc=GetTRDoc.pdf&AD=ADA587810, 1. 78 Ibid., 2. 79 Ibid., 3. 46 understanding and decision-making. The outcome of the

  7. Interval between insulin injection and breakfast in diabetes.

    OpenAIRE

    Sackey, A H; Jefferson, I G

    1994-01-01

    The relationship between the insulin-breakfast interval, postprandial increase in blood glucose, and glycaemic control was studied in 58 children with diabetes. Patients recorded insulin-breakfast intervals in a home diary over a seven day period, and during a 24 hour period at the weekend provided eight serial capillary dried blood spots for glucose analysis. The highest mean blood glucose value occurred two hours after breakfast and showed a significant correlation with fructosamine concent...

  8. Case Studies of Predictive Analysis Applications in Law Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    streets in a beat-up sedan. The viewer sees both characters checking their wristwatches, and brief clips of a convenience store clerk preparing a...night deposit bag. The commercial ends when the criminal arrives at the convenience store, putting on leather gloves as he exits his vehicle. The... restaurants  Bus stops  Public health information  Areas with physical decay  Payday schedules  Time of day  Weekend vs. weekday  Seasonal

  9. 北京夜生活(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    fitness Clubs健身俱乐部Looking for a place to keep fit? Check out these places:The Spa Fitness ClubOffered: Swimming, gym facilities, aerobics, massage, steambathTel: 85251818Add: Floor B1, China Renshou Mansion, No. 16, ChaowaiStreet, Chaoyang DistrictTime: 06:30-22:30, 09:00-21 :00 on weekendsMembership Card: 6,500 yuan/year

  10. Energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Meghan A; Howatson, Glyn; Quin, Edel; Redding, Emma; Stevenson, Emma J

    2017-01-01

    Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded. Mean daily energy intake and expenditure were different over the 7-day period (P = 0.014) equating to an energy deficit of -356 ± 668 kcal·day-1 (or -1.5 ± 2.8 MJ·day-1). Energy expenditure was not different when comparing week and weekend days (P = 0.297). However daily energy intake (P = 0.002), energy availability (P = 0.003), and energy balance (P = 0.004) were lower during the week compared to the weekend, where energy balance became positive. The percentage contribution of macronutrients to total energy intake also differed; with higher fat (P = 0.022) and alcohol (P = 0.020), and lower carbohydrate (P = 0.001) and a trend for lower protein (P = 0.051) at the weekend. Energy balance and appropriate macronutrient intake are essential for maintaining the demands of training, performance and recovery. Whilst aesthetics are important, female contemporary dancers may be at risk of the numerous health and performance impairments associated with negative energy balance, particularly during periods of scheduled training.

  11. Improving Intensive Care Unit and Ward Utilization by Adapting Master Surgery Schedules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fügener, Andreas; Edenharter, Guenther Michael; Kiefer, Paskal; Mayr, Ulrike; Schiele, Julian; Steiner, Fabian; Kolisch, Rainer; Blobner, Manfred

    2016-03-15

    With increasing organizational and financial pressure on hospitals, each individual surgical treatment has to be reviewed and planned thoroughly. Apart from the expensive operating room facilities, proper staffing and planning of downstream units, like the wards or the intensive care units (ICUs), should be considered as well. In this article, we outline the relationship between a master surgery schedule (MSS), i.e., the assignment of surgical blocks to medical specialties, and the bed demand in the downstream units using an analytical model. By using historical data retrieved from the clinical information system and a patient flow model, we applied a recently developed algorithm for predicting bed demand based on the MSSs for patients of 3 surgical subspecialties of a hospital. Simulations with 3 different MSSs were performed. The impact on the required amount of beds in the downstream units was analyzed. We show the potential improvements of the current MSS considering 2 main goals: leveling workload among days and reduction of weekend utilization. We discuss 2 different MSSs, one decreasing the weekend ICU utilization by 20% and the other one reducing maximum ward bed demand by 7%. A test with 12 months of real-life data validates the results. The application of the algorithm provides detailed insights for the hospital into the impact of MSS designs on the bed demand in downstream units. It allowed creating MSSs that avoid peaks in bed demand and high weekend occupancy levels in the ICU and the ward.

  12. Alcohol consumption, sleep, and academic performance among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton, Royce A; Wolfson, Amy R

    2009-05-01

    Three independent lines of inquiry have found associations between alcohol use and academic performance, sleep and academic performance, and alcohol use and sleep. The present study bridges this research by examining the links among alcohol use, sleep, and academic performance in college students. Personal interview surveys were conducted with a random sample of 236 students (124 women) at a liberal arts college. The interviews measured alcohol consumption, gender, academic class, weekday and weekend bedtimes and rise times, and daytime sleepiness; 95% of the sample granted permission to obtain grade-point average (GPA) and Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores from official college records. Ordinary least squares regressions showed that alcohol consumption was a significant predictor of four sleep patterns: the duration of sleep, the timing of sleep, the difference between weekday and weekend nighttime sleep hours (oversleep), and the difference between weekday and weekend bedtimes (bedtime delay). Women and students with late sleep schedules were more apt to report daytime sleepiness. SAT score was the strongest predictor of GPA. However, gender, alcohol consumption, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness also were significant predictors when other variables were controlled. In addition to alcohol's direct relationship with GPA, mediational analysis indicated that alcohol had indirect effects on sleepiness and GPA, primarily through its effect on sleep schedule. The findings show how alcohol use among college students is related to sleep-wake patterns and further support the connection between alcohol use and grades.

  13. The Intricacies of Children’s Physical Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brusseau Timothy A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the physical activity patterns of youth is an essential step in preparing programming and interventions needed to change behavior. To date, little is known about the intricacies of youth physical activity across various physical activity segments (i.e. in school, out of school, recess, classroom physical activity, physical education, weekends, etc.. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine the physical activity patterns of elementary school children across various segments and during two seasons. A total of 287 fourth and fifth graders from the Southwest US wore the Yamax Digiwalker SW-200 pedometer for 7 consecutive days during the Fall and Spring seasons. Children were prompted to record their step counts when arriving and leaving school, before and after physical education and recess, as well as on the weekends. Means and standard deviations were calculated and ANOVAs and t tests were utilized to examine difference by sex, season, and segment. Youth were more active outside of school and on weekdays (p<0.05. Boys were generally more active than girls and all youth were more active during the milder Spring season. There is a clear need for Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programming and weekend physical activity opportunities. Furthermore, greater emphasis is needed on PE and across other activity segments for girls to increase their physical activity levels.

  14. Administrative Supervisors: A Qualitative Exploration of Their Perceived Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Susan H; Lindgren, Teri

    2016-01-01

    The administrative supervisor, who is the nurse manager present on the night and weekend shifts, can be found in hospitals throughout the United States. Yet, very little research has been published about this role on weekend and night shifts in acute care hospitals. The objective of this qualitative research study was to gain a better understanding of the administrative supervisor role. In-depth interviews with administrative supervisors were conducted at acute care hospitals in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Thematic analysis was used to reduce the data and identify codes and themes. Administrative supervisors experience and described their role within a "different" hospital world on weekends and at night. The administrative supervisors consistently stated that they oversee and are responsible for staffing and patient flow, crisis management, and management support for the staff. That administrative supervision is a challenging position for nurses is particularly evident as researchers seek to obtain a better understanding of how nurse leaders make a difference. This research delineates these different supervisor role responsibilities to provide a better understanding of management during the "off-shift." Nurse leaders can utilize this information to assist in justifying the need for this shift management role at their institutions.

  15. Effectiveness of body wipes as an adjunct to reducing skin infections in high school wrestlers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, B J

    2012-09-01

    To compare soap-and-water body wipes and 70% isopropyl alcohol (IPA) body wipes to a CONTROL (no treatment) in reducing skin infections in high school wrestlers competing in weekend tournaments. Repeated measures study evaluating a soap-and-water body wipe, a 70% IPA body wipe, and no-treatment CONTROL during 2 weekend tournaments. High school wrestling tournaments in Minneapolis-St Paul and surrounding communities of Minnesota. Each team was randomly assigned to use either wipe or serve as CONTROL during each tournament. Presence of skin infections that developed the following week after a weekend tournament. A total of 151 athletes competed in a total of 474 individual matches. Thirteen athletes tested positive afterward for skin infections. The odds of infection for the tested group compared with the CONTROL group were 0.089 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.01-0.75; P = 0.026] for the soap-and-water group and 0.44 (95% CI, 0.11-1.69; P = 0.23) for 70% IPA group. Soap-and-water wipes seem to be more effective in reducing skin infections compared with the no-treatment group.

  16. YACHTING CLUB

    CERN Multimedia

    YACHTING CLUB

    2010-01-01

    The Dinghy weekend A recent full weekend was run for dinghies: thanks to dedicated help from regular dinghy sailors and teachers, a lot of people overcame their uncertainty or lack of knowledge about dinghies, getting wet, what the gennaker actually does (and why it’s different from a spinnaker), and had good fun. Our trusty Surveillance boat put in a lot of hours (and petrol!) ensuring no-one came to any harm, thanks Christian (pictured) and Rob. It has to be admitted, winds were not, errr, challenging, for most of that weekend: we old salts know that as soon as the weather gets hot, winds abandon us until the autumn. That is a slight exaggeration but remains fact-based - like the old chestnut that if Mont Blanc is wearing a hat of clouds, it’ll rain soon! It was still wet-suit weather, for safety and because voluntary capsizes were on the programme - until you have done a few, you do not overcome a natural fear of them and they are an integral part of sailing a small dinghy compe...

  17. Reassessing After-Hour Arrival Patterns and Outcomes in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Langabeer, James

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Differences in after-hours capability or performance of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI centers has the potential to impact outcomes of patients presenting outside of regular hours. Methods: Using a prospective observational study, we analyzed all 1,247 non-transfer STEMI patients treated in 15 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI facilities in Dallas, Texas, during a 24-month period (2010-2012. Controlling for confounding factors through a variety of statistical techniques, we explored differences in door-to-balloon (D2B and in-hospital mortality for those presenting on weekends vs. weekdays and business vs. after hours. Results: Patients who arrived at the hospital on weekends had larger D2B times compared to weekdays (75 vs. 65 minutes; KW=48.9; p16 minutes longer than those who arrived during business hours and a higher likelihood of mortality (OR 2.23, CI [1.15-4.32], p<0.05. Conclusion: Weekends and after-hour PCI coverage is still associated with adverse D2B outcomes and in-hospital mortality, even in major urban settings. Disparities remain in after-hour STEMI treatment. [West J Emerg Med. 2015;16(3:388–394.

  18. Changes in Eating Behaviours among Czech Children and Adolescents from 2002 to 2014 (HBSC Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voráčová, Jaroslava; Sigmund, Erik; Sigmundová, Dagmar; Kalman, Michal

    2015-12-15

    Many children skip breakfast, consume soft drinks/sweets and do not eat the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables. Poor eating habits in children tend to be carried over into adulthood. The changes in eating behaviours of Czech 11-, 13- and 15-year-old children were examined by frequency of breakfast (on weekdays and weekends), fruit, vegetable, sweet and soft drink consumption using data obtained from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) surveys in 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014. Logistic regression was used to analyze changes in eating behaviours. The findings showed a significant increase (only in girls, p ≤ 0.001) in prevalence of breakfast consumption (on weekdays) and a decrease in daily consumption of soft drinks (in boys and girls, p ≤ 0.001), sweets (in boys and girls, p ≤ 0.01) and fruit (in boys, p ≤ 0.01; in girls, p ≤ 0.001) between 2002 and 2014. Daily vegetable and breakfast on weekends consumption remained statistically unchanged over time. More frequent daily fruit, vegetable and breakfast (on weekends) consumption was reported by girls and younger children, whereas daily soft drink intake was more prevalent in boys and older children. There is a need for re-evaluation of current policies and new initiatives to improve the eating habits of Czech children.

  19. Temporal variability of pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in wastewater and the effects of a major sporting event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerrity, Daniel; Trenholm, Rebecca A; Snyder, Shane A

    2011-11-01

    Diurnal variations in wastewater flows are common phenomena related to peak water use periods. However, few studies have examined high-resolution temporal variability in trace organic contaminant (TOrC) concentrations and loadings. Even fewer have assessed the impacts of a special event or holiday. This study characterizes the temporal variability associated with a major sporting event using flow data and corresponding mass loadings of a suite of prescription pharmaceuticals, potential endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), and illicit drugs. Wastewater influent and finished effluent samples were collected during the National Football League's Super Bowl, which is a significant weekend for tourism in the study area. Data from a baseline weekend is also provided to illustrate flows and TOrC loadings during "normal" operational conditions. Some compounds exhibited interesting temporal variations (e.g., atenolol), and several compounds demonstrated different loading profiles during the Super Bowl and baseline weekends (e.g., the primary cocaine metabolite benzoylecgonine). Interestingly, the influent mass loadings of prescription pharmaceuticals were generally similar in magnitude to those of the illicit drugs and their metabolites. However, conventional wastewater treatment was more effective in removing the illicit drugs and their metabolites. Total influent and effluent mass loadings are also provided to summarize treatment efficacy and environmental discharges. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Getting Business Insights through Clustering Online Behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jounghae Bang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to explore the online users’ behaviors. Since the Internet was introduced to the market, the various and frequent online activities have increased, and it becomes more important for the businesses to understand the online users. Therefore this study analyzed the online users’ behaviors and segmented the users by using K-means clustering method using actual clickstream data. There were four different research questions and, thus, four different sets of segmentations. It was found that many people find much of entertaining from online using SNS, games, and so on. In addition, some people only have access to a few specific websites. Some use the online service regularly every day while others use it in a very irregular pattern. People were divided into two groups, weekday group and weekend group. People are likely to be using the Internet either on weekdays or at weekend. Teenagers and people in their 50s are more likely to use it during weekend. In addition, teenagers also show different time zone (e.g., overnight to use the Internet from other age groups. These results can shed light on understanding what consumers do online and what they are interested in currently and on decision making in marketing strategy.

  1. College Student Affect and Heavy Drinking: Variable Associations Across Days, Semesters, and People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Andrea L.; Patrick, Megan E.; Maggs, Jennifer L.

    2014-01-01

    This study tested associations between positive and negative affect and heavy drinking in 734 college students who completed daily diaries in 14-day bursts once per semester over 7 semesters (≤98 days per person). Three-level multilevel models tested whether affect and heavy drinking were linked across days, semesters, and persons. Higher daily, between-semester, and between-person positive affect were each associated with a greater odds of heavy drinking on weekdays and on weekend days. A significant interaction with semester in college showed that the association between daily positive affect and heavy drinking on weekend days became stronger over time. That is, heavy drinking on a weekend day with higher positive affect was more likely in later years of college (OR=2.93, Fall of 4th year), compared to earlier in college (OR=1.80, Fall of 1st year). A similar interaction was found for between-semester positive affect and heavy drinking on weekdays. Higher daily negative affect was associated with a greater odds of heavy drinking on weekdays only for students who first began drinking in 7th grade or earlier (OR=2.36). Results of this study highlight the importance of varied time spans in studying the etiology, consequences, and prevention of heavy drinking. Harm-reduction strategies that target positive affect-related drinking by encouraging protective behaviors during celebratory events may become increasingly important as students transition to later years of college. PMID:25347017

  2. Accelerometer data treatment for adolescents: Fitting a piece of the puzzle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melody Smith

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the differences in participant retention and associations between physical activity and key variables when a range of accelerometer data inclusion criteria are employed. Data were drawn from 204 adolescents of Pacific Island heritage (survey, body composition, 7-day accelerometry and their parents (date of birth, socioeconomic status between October 2014 and February 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. Data wear time criteria for inclusion were as follows: A > =10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 5 days (at least one weekend day; B > =10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 4 days; C > =7 h/day, > = 3 days; D > =10 h/day, > = 1 day. Overall, 49%, 62%, 88%, and 96% of participants met the criteria, respectively. Adjusted odds of meeting each criterion were examined using a multivariable logistic regression model. Almost 50% of participants were excluded by the most stringent inclusion criteria. Increased body fat percentage and proportion of time in moderate-to-vigorous activity were associated with decreased odds of meeting Criterions A and B. This research contributes to a growing understanding of the impact of differing accelerometer reduction approaches to sample retention and bias in adolescent physical activity research.

  3. Need for a hands-on approach to hand-offs: A study of nursing handovers in an Indian Neurosciences Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Parmeshwar; Jithesh, Vishwanathan; Vij, Aarti; Gupta, Shakti Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Standardized nursing handovers have been known to improve outcome, reduce error, and enhance communication. Few, if any, studies on nursing handovers have been conducted in the India. The aim was to study nursing handover practices in a Neurosciences Center in India. This study was conducted in a 200 bedded public sector Neurosciences Center in New Delhi, to assess nursing handover practices across five wards, all shifts, weekdays, and weekends using a pretested checklist. Ten elements were observed under the categories of time, duration, process, nurse interaction, and patient communication. Analysis of variance, Z-test, and Spearman's correlation coefficient. Totally, 525 nursing handovers revealed varying compliance levels among (63%) time, place (76%), process (82%), staff interaction (53%), and patient communication (44%) related elements. Poorer compliance was seen in morning shifts and weekends; the difference being statistically significant. Bedside handovers were more frequent during weekends and night shifts and were positively correlated with increased staff interaction and patient communication and negatively related to handover duration. Though nurses showed better adherence to process related elements, background patient information, and assessment was explained less frequently. Differences between wards were insignificant except in categories of nurse interaction and patient communication which was better in the neurosurgery than neurology wards. Study revealed a need for a system change and standardization of handovers. Greater administrative commitment, use of technology, training, and leadership development will aid in continuity of care, promote patient safety, and ensure better outcomes.

  4. Sleep habits and circadian preference in Italian children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Paolo M; Bruni, Oliviero; Lucidi, Fabio; Ferri, Raffaele; Violani, Cristiano

    2007-06-01

    Sleep habits and circadian preference (morningness/eveningness, M/E) have been extensively analyzed in adolescents and young adults, while few studies were conducted on children and early adolescents. Aim of the present study was to investigate the developmental changes of circadian preference and to analyze its relationship with sleep habits, sleep problems and circadian preference in a large sample by means of a school-based survey. One thousand seventy-three participants (50.8% boys and 49.2% girls; mean age = 10.6; range = 8-14 years), recruited from four schools randomly extracted within the district of Rome, completed a modified version of School Sleep Habits Survey developed by Carskadon et al. The questionnaire included items about sleep habits during schooldays and weekends; a Sleepiness Scale; a Sleep-Wake Problems Behaviour Scale; a Morningness/Eveningness scale. The results show a consistent age-related change in sleep habits, particularly in the weekends. The difference in sleep duration between schooldays and weekends increases linearly with age. No gender difference was observed in morningness/eveningness, while a significant linear increase in evening preference was found with increasing ages. M/E total scores correlated significantly with both self-reported sleep/wake problems and daytime sleepiness indicating a higher prevalence of sleep complaints in evening-type subjects. Overall, the present results support the existence of consistent age-related changes in sleep habits and M/E dimension in the 8- to 14-year age range.

  5. Problems of Boarding Students at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM, Malaysia: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imtiaz Ahmed Chandio

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study is carried out to determine the problems of transportation service and canteen facility available to the students of kolej-15-16 (hostels at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM, Malaysia. A set of questionnaire was designed and distributed randomly to the selected respondents of the study area. The collected data was analyzed in the “Statistical Programme for Social Sciences (SPSS”. Simple frequency distribution analysis and chi-square t-test analysis are applied to study the level of problem. The hypothesis is tested in chi-square. The findings and results of chi-square analysis indicated that hypothesis can not be rejected during weekend, short semester and holidays between these variables i.e. waiting time on bus stop and general satisfaction of transportation service, canteen facility and general satisfaction of canteen service and transportation service and general satisfaction of transportation. The hypothesis rejects the two variables concerning canteen facility and general satisfaction of canteen service during weekend. The main purpose of this study was to investigate problems of transportation service and food around study area. The overall findings of the study indicated that students are facing the problems of transportation service and food during weekend and holidays.

  6. Localized indoor air quality monitoring for indoor pollutants' healthy risk assessment using sub-principal component analysis driven model and engineering big data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shi, Honglan; Kim, MinJeong; Lee, SeungChul; Pyo, SeHee; Esfahani, Iman Janghorban; Yoo, ChangKyoo [Kyung Hee University, Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    Indoor air quality (IAQ) in subway systems shows periodic dynamics due to the number of passengers, train schedules, and air pollutants accumulated in the system, which are considered as an engineering big data. We developed a new IAQ monitoring model using a sub-principal component analysis (sub-PCA) method to account for the periodic dynamics of the IAQ big data. In addition, the IAQ data in subway systems are different on the weekdays and weekend due to weekly effect, since the patterns of the number of passengers and their access time on the weekdays and weekend are different. Sub-PCA-based local monitoring was developed for separating the weekday and weekend environmental IAQ big data, respectively. The monitoring results for the test data at the Y-subway station clearly showed that the proposed method could analyze an environmental IAQ big data, improve the monitoring efficiency and greatly reduce the false alarm rate of the local on-line monitoring by comparison with the multi-way PCA.

  7. Changes in Eating Behaviours among Czech Children and Adolescents from 2002 to 2014 (HBSC Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslava Voráčová

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Many children skip breakfast, consume soft drinks/sweets and do not eat the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables. Poor eating habits in children tend to be carried over into adulthood. The changes in eating behaviours of Czech 11-, 13- and 15-year-old children were examined by frequency of breakfast (on weekdays and weekends, fruit, vegetable, sweet and soft drink consumption using data obtained from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC surveys in 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014. Logistic regression was used to analyze changes in eating behaviours. The findings showed a significant increase (only in girls, p ≤ 0.001 in prevalence of breakfast consumption (on weekdays and a decrease in daily consumption of soft drinks (in boys and girls, p ≤ 0.001, sweets (in boys and girls, p ≤ 0.01 and fruit (in boys, p ≤ 0.01; in girls, p ≤ 0.001 between 2002 and 2014. Daily vegetable and breakfast on weekends consumption remained statistically unchanged over time. More frequent daily fruit, vegetable and breakfast (on weekends consumption was reported by girls and younger children, whereas daily soft drink intake was more prevalent in boys and older children. There is a need for re-evaluation of current policies and new initiatives to improve the eating habits of Czech children.

  8. Continuity of care by cardiothoracic nurse practitioners: impact on outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southey, Dawn; Mishra, Pankaj Kumar; Nevill, Alan; Aktuerk, Dincer; Luckraz, Heyman

    2014-10-01

    There have been recent reports on increased mortality in British National Health Service hospitals during weekends. This study aimed to assess the impact on patient care following the introduction of nurse practitioner cover for the cardiothoracic ward, including weekends. Prospectively collected and validated data of patients operated on from January 2005 to October 2011 were analyzed. The patients were grouped according to era: before (n = 2385) and after (n = 3910) the introduction of nurse practitioners in October 2007. There were no significant differences in preoperative patient characteristics such as age, logistic EuroSCORE, sex, smoking, and extracardiac vascular problems. There were more patients from an Asian background (p cardiac surgery (p nurse practitioner grade, there was a decrease in the rate of cardiac intensive care unit readmission from 2.6% to 1.9% (p = 0.05) and length of hospital stay from 10 to 8 days (p cardiac surgery from 96.5% to 98.0% (p nurse practitioners on the ward was the strongest predictor of survival with an odds ratio of 1.9 (95% confidence interval: 1.23-3.01). The introduction of the nurse practitioner grade to provide continuity in patient care including at weekends has been confirmed to improve patient outcomes including survival after cardiac surgery. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  9. Understanding Urban Spatial Structure of Shanghai Central City Based on Mobile Phone Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Niu; Xinyi; Ding; Liang; Song; Xiaodong; Zhang; Qingfei

    2015-01-01

    Taking Shanghai Central City as its case study, this paper presents an approach to exploring the urban spatial structure through mobile phone positioning data. Firstly, based on base station location data and mobile phone signaling data, the paper analyses the number of users connecting to each base station, and further generates the maps of mobile phone user density through kernel density analysis. We move on to calculate the multi-day average user density based on a time frame of 10:00 and 23:00 at workdays and 15:00 and 23:00 at weekends for Shanghai Central City. Then, through spatial aggregation and density classifi cation on the density maps of 10:00 at workdays and 15:00 at weekends, we identify the ranks and functions of public centers within Shanghai Central City. Lastly, we identify residential areas, business off ice areas, and leisure areas in Shanghai Central City and measure the degree of functional mix by comparing the ratio of day and night user density as well as the user density at nighttime of workdays and weekends.

  10. Excessive TV Viewing Time and Associated Factors in Brazilian Adolescents from a Rural Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fronza Fernanda Cerveira Abuana Osório

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Sedentary behavior has been identified as a risk factor for chronic non-communicable diseases. This study identified the prevalence of excessive TV viewing time during the week and weekend and associated factors in adolescents living in a small urban and rural area. Methods. A cross-sectional study involving 283 students (aged 10-19 years from Brazil was conducted in 2010. Data on TV viewing time and sociodemographic information were collected by questionnaires, cardiorespiratory fitness was evaluated by the 20-m shuttle run test, and anthropometric characteristics were obtained by measuring waist circumference and skinfold thickness. Statistical analysis involved binary logistic regression. Results. The prevalence of excessive TV viewing time ( 2 h was 76.7% during on weekdays and 78.4% on the weekend. Adolescents aged 10-12 years (OR = 6.20; 95% CI = 2.91, 13.19; p < 0.001 and 13-15 years (OR = 2.57; 95% CI = 1.28, 5.18; p = 0.008 were more exposed to excessive TV viewing time during the week. No associations were found for excessive TV viewing time on the weekend. Conclusions. Approximately 8 in 10 adolescents presented excessive TV viewing time; excessive TV viewing time during the week was associated with age.

  11. Objectively determined physical activity levels of primary school children in south-west Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kettner, Sarah; Kobel, Susanne; Fischbach, Nanette; Drenowatz, Clemens; Dreyhaupt, Jens; Wirt, Tamara; Koch, Benjamin; Steinacker, Jürgen Michael

    2013-09-28

    Only a small proportion of children and adolescents meet current recommendations of at least 60 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) daily. Most of the available data, however, relies on subjective reports; there is limited objective data on physical activity (PA) levels in German primary school children. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to accurately determine how much time children spend undertaking different intensities of PA and being sedentary during weekdays and weekend using objective assessment tools. Gender-specific and age-related differences were examined along with differences between normal weight and overweight/obese children. Children's height and weight were measured according to standard procedures and objective PA measurements were determined in a sub-cohort of 384 primary school children (20% of the whole cohort), participating in a large school-based intervention study in south-west Germany (n = 1947). Baseline data collection occurred on six consecutive days, including weekend days, using multi-sensor accelerometry (Actiheart, CamNtech Ltd., Cambridge UK). 318 children (7.1 ± 0.6 years, male: 50%, first grade: 51%) provided data for at least 3 days including one weekend day. According to the amount of energy expended, defined as metabolic equivalents (METs), different activity intensities were categorised as follows: sedentary 6.0 METs. Average wear time was 1403 ± 94 min/day. Children spent 808 ± 97 min/day being sedentary; 497 ± 72 min/day in light; 128 ± 54 min/day in moderate, and 8 ± 10 min/day in vigorous intensity. 48% of children met the current MVPA guidelines. MVPA was significantly higher on weekdays compared to weekend days (144 ± 66 vs. 113 ± 66 min/day; p children in the study met current PA recommendations, emphasising the necessity for early intervention to promote PA. Consistent with previous research, PA levels were higher in boys and during weekdays. These results indicate that PA levels of

  12. Quality control methods in accelerometer data processing: defining minimum wear time.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carly Rich

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: When using accelerometers to measure physical activity, researchers need to determine whether subjects have worn their device for a sufficient period to be included in analyses. We propose a minimum wear criterion using population-based accelerometer data, and explore the influence of gender and the purposeful inclusion of children with weekend data on reliability. METHODS: Accelerometer data obtained during the age seven sweep of the UK Millennium Cohort Study were analysed. Children were asked to wear an ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer for seven days. Reliability coefficients(r of mean daily counts/minute were calculated using the Spearman-Brown formula based on the intraclass correlation coefficient. An r of 1.0 indicates that all the variation is between- rather than within-children and that measurement is 100% reliable. An r of 0.8 is often regarded as acceptable reliability. Analyses were repeated on data from children who met different minimum daily wear times (one to 10 hours and wear days (one to seven days. Analyses were conducted for all children, separately for boys and girls, and separately for children with and without weekend data. RESULTS: At least one hour of wear time data was obtained from 7,704 singletons. Reliability increased as the minimum number of days and the daily wear time increased. A high reliability (r = 0.86 and sample size (n = 6,528 was achieved when children with ≥ two days lasting ≥10 hours/day were included in analyses. Reliability coefficients were similar for both genders. Purposeful sampling of children with weekend data resulted in comparable reliabilities to those calculated independent of weekend wear. CONCLUSION: Quality control procedures should be undertaken before analysing accelerometer data in large-scale studies. Using data from children with ≥ two days lasting ≥10 hours/day should provide reliable estimates of physical activity. It's unnecessary to include only children

  13. Measurements of the impact of atmospheric aging on physical and optical properties of ambient black carbon particles in Los Angeles

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    Krasowsky, Trevor S.; McMeeking, Gavin R.; Wang, Dongbin; Sioutas, Constantinos; Ban-Weiss, George A.

    2016-10-01

    Understanding how physical and optical properties of atmospheric black carbon (BC) particles vary in time and space is critical for reducing uncertainty in climate forcing estimates from ambient BC. In this study, ambient BC was measured in Rubidoux, California, approximately 90 km (55 miles) downwind of downtown Los Angeles. Collocated NOx and NOy measurements were used to estimate the photochemical age of the sampled air. Sampling was conducted throughout entire days between February 3, 2015 and March 12, 2015 to capture diurnal and daily variations in ambient BC. Both ambient and thermally-denuded air was sampled in 15-min cycles to compare the physical and optical properties of coated versus uncoated BC particles. Physical properties of individual BC particles including mass and coating thickness were measured using a Single-Particle Soot Photometer (SP2), and BC optical properties were measured using a Photoacoustic Extinctiometer (PAX) at 870 nm. The mean BC mass concentration (±standard deviation) for the campaign was 0.12 ± 0.08 μg m-3. BC mass concentrations were higher on weekdays than weekends, though only differences between 11:00 and 17:00 h were statistically distinguishable. The fraction of total BC particles that were thickly-coated (f) was found to be relatively low, with a mean of 0.05 ± 0.02 over the campaign. Values for f peaked in the afternoon when photochemical pollutant concentrations are also generally at a maximum. Further, f at 15:00-16:00 h was found to be statistically higher on weekends than weekdays, potentially due to a higher relative amount of ambient SOA to BC on weekends versus weekdays, which would enhance SOA coating of primary BC particles as they age during transport from the western Los Angeles basin to our sampling site on weekends. Differences at other hours during the photochemically active period of the day (10:00-14:00 h) were not statistically different although the weekend values were systematically higher

  14. Use of an administrative data set to determine optimal scheduling of an alcohol intervention worker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Timothy A; Desmond, Jeffrey S; Cunningham, Rebecca

    2012-06-01

    Brief alcohol interventions are efficacious in reducing alcohol-related consequences among emergency department (ED) patients. Use of non-clinical staff may increase alcohol screening and intervention; however, optimal scheduling of an alcohol intervention worker (AIW) is unknown. Determine optimal scheduling of an AIW based on peak discharge time of alcohol-related ED visits. Discharge times for consecutive patients with an alcohol-related diagnosis were abstracted from an urban ED's administrative data set from September 2005 through August 2007. Queuing theory was used to identify optimal scheduling. Data for weekends and weekdays were analyzed separately. Stationary independent period-by-period analysis was performed for hourly periods. An M/M/s queuing model, for Markovian inter-arrival time/Markovian service time/and potentially more than one server, was developed for each hour assuming: 1) a single unlimited queue; 2) 75% of patients waited no longer than 30 min for intervention; 3) AIW spent an average 20 min/patient. Estimated average utilization/hour was calculated; if utilization/hour exceeded 25%, AIW staff was considered necessary. There were 2282 patient visits (mean age 38 years, range 11-84 years). Weekdays accounted for 45% of visits; weekends 55%. On weekdays, one AIW from 6:00 a.m.-9:00 a.m. (max utilization 42%/hour) would accommodate 28% of weekday alcohol-related patients. On weekends, 5:00 a.m.-11:00 a.m. (max utilization 50%), one AIW would cover 54% of all weekend alcohol-related visits. During other hours the utilization rate falls below 25%/hour. Evaluating 2 years of discharge data revealed that 30 h of dedicated AIW time--18 weekend hours (5:00 a.m.-11:00 a.m.), 12 weekday hours (6:00 a.m.-9:00 a.m.)--would allow maximal patient alcohol screening and intervention with minimal additional burden to clinical staff. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. PM2.5 Indoor Air Quality at Two Sites in London Ontario - A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mates, A. V.; Xu, X.; Gilliland, J.; Maltby, M. J.

    2010-12-01

    Studies have shown an association between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and health impacts, particularly for the elderly and children. As part of a larger study, PM2.5 concentrations were measured using the DustTrak (Model 8520, TSI, St. Paul, MN, USA) at two schools within the city of London, Ontario (Canada). Site A was in a suburban environment while site B was in an urban setting. Monitoring took place for 3 weeks during winter (Feb. 16 - Mar. 8) and 3 weeks during spring (May 05 - 25) of 2010. The winter campaign monitored indoor PM2.5 only, while the spring campaign added outdoor monitors (PM2.5 and CO2) after the first week. Ten min. concentrations were used for analysis. Indoor measurements were split into weekday and weekend. For the same time interval, the outdoor concentrations showed mean values of 18 and 21 μg/m3 for sites A & B, respectively, both under the Canada Wide Standard of 30 μg/m3. Measurements at the two sites showed good associations (R^2 = 0.44), during the spring campaign. This indicates that the outdoor PM2.5 had similar sources. For indoor concentrations, Site B showed a significantly different mean concentration 5 times higher compared to site A during the winter ( 8.1 vs. 1.5 μg/m3 ) and 3 times higher (11.9 vs. 3.7 μg/m3) during the spring campaign. Since the outdoor concentrations were similar the large difference in indoor concentrations could be attributed to the following factors: site B being an older building, and the different physical characteristics between the two sites. The spring measurements showed an increase of 50% from weekday to weekend for site A and 22% for site B. The higher level of PM2.5 during weekends is possibly due to the infiltration of outdoor air while the ventilation/filtration system is shut off. During the winter campaign, Site A showed a 14% higher concentration during weekdays compared to weekends while site B weekend concentrations were 17% higher compared to weekday, which will be

  16. Association of Light Exposure on Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Young People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Aggio

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: To investigate whether light exposure was associated with objectively measured physical activity (PA and sedentary behaviour in young people. Methods: Participants (n = 229, 46.7% female were young people (mean 8.8 years [SD ± 2.2] from the borough of Camden, UK. Daily sedentary time, moderate and vigorous PA (MVPA and light exposure were measured using a tri-axial accelerometer with an ambient light sensor during the summer. Multiple linear regression models examined associations between average daily light exposure, sedentary time and time in MVPA. Models were repeated investigating weekdays and weekend days separately. Analyses were adjusted for pre-specified covariables, including age, sex, device wear time, ethnic group, school and body fat. Results: There were significant associations between average daily light exposure and time sedentary (β coefficient = −11.2, 95% CI, −19.0 to −3.4 and in MVPA (β coefficient = 3.5, 95% CI, 1.2 to 5.9. Light exposure was significantly associated with weekend sedentary time (β coefficient = −10.0, 95% CI, −17.6, −2.4, weekend MVPA (β coefficient = 3.7, 95% CI, 1.7, 5.7, weekday sedentary time (β coefficient = −15.0, 95% CI, −22.7 to −7.2, but not weekday MVPA (β coefficient = 2.0, 95% CI, −0.5 to 4.5. Conclusion: Average daily light exposure is positively associated with time in MVPA and negatively associated with sedentary time. Increasing daylight exposure may be a useful intervention strategy for promoting physical activity.

  17. Study protocol of physical activity and sedentary behaviour measurement among schoolchildren by accelerometry - Cross-sectional survey as part of the ENERGY-project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    te Velde Saskia J

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Physical activity and sedentary behaviour among children should be measured accurately in order to investigate their relationship with health. Accelerometry provides objective and accurate measurement of body movement, which can be converted to meaningful behavioural outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the best evidence for the decisions on data collection and data processing with accelerometers among children resulting in a standardized protocol for use in the participating countries. Methods/Design This cross-sectional accelerometer study was conducted as part of the European ENERGY-project that aimed to produce an obesity prevention intervention among schoolchildren. Five countries, namely Belgium, Greece, Hungary, Switzerland and the Netherlands participated in the accelerometer study. We used three different Actigraph models-Actitrainers (triaxial, GT3Xs and GT1Ms. Children wore the device for six consecutive days including two weekend days. We selected an epoch length of 15 seconds. Accelerometers were placed at children's waist at the right side of the body in an elastic belt. In total, 1082 children participated in the study (mean age = 11.7 ± 0.75 y, 51% girls. Non-wearing time was calculated as periods of more than 20 minutes of consecutive zero counts. The minimum daily wearing time was set to 10 hours for weekdays and 8 hours for weekend days. The inclusion criterion for further analysis was having at least three valid weekdays and one valid weekend day. We selected a cut-point (count per minute (cpm of 5200 cpm for vigorous physical activity. We also created time filters for school-time during data cleaning in order to explore school-time physical activity and sedentary behaviour patterns in particular. Discussion This paper describes the decisions for data collection and processing. Use of standardized protocols would ease future use of accelerometry and the comparability of results between studies.

  18. Combination of ozone therapy and effective microorganismnal in the treatment of diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome%三氧疗法联合微生态制剂经结肠途径治疗腹泻型肠易激综合征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭莉琼; 耿焱; 梁仲惠

    2011-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of combination of ozone therapy and effective microorganisms on the treatment of diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome. Methods A totul of 120 inpatients were randomly assigned into three groups that taken ozone therapy and effective microorganisms via colon therapy system or taken antibiotic and effective microorganisms via colon therapy or taken effective microorganisms via oral. The efficacy of each treatment was observed at the first weekend and the second weekend, respectively. Results In comparison with other groups, combination of ozone therapy and effective microorganisms via colon therapy system appeared more effective, especially at the second weekend.Conclusion Combination of ozone therapy and effective microorganisms in the treatment of diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome via colon therapy system is effective and feasible.%目的 观察三氧疗法联合微生态制剂经结肠途径治疗腹泻型肠易激综合征(IBS)的效果.方法 A组40例,予三氧配合微生态制剂经结疗机治疗;B组40例,采用抗生素配合微生态制剂经结疗机治疗;C组40例,采用单纯口服微生态制剂治疗.观察治疗后第1、2周的疗效.结果 A、B组疗效均优于C组,且A组疗效优于B组,尤以第2周明显.结论 三氧疗法配合微生态制剂经结肠途径治疗腹泻型IBS有效可行.

  19. Vaccinations administered during off-clinic hours at a national community pharmacy: implications for increasing patient access and convenience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goad, Jeffery A; Taitel, Michael S; Fensterheim, Leonard E; Cannon, Adam E

    2013-01-01

    Approximately 50,000 adults die annually from vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States. Most traditional vaccine providers (eg, physician offices) administer vaccinations during standard clinic hours, but community pharmacies offer expanded hours that allow patients to be vaccinated at convenient times. We analyzed the types of vaccines administered and patient populations vaccinated during off-clinic hours in a national community pharmacy, and their implications for vaccination access and convenience. We retrospectively reviewed data for all vaccinations given at the Walgreens pharmacy chain between August 2011 and July 2012. The time of vaccination was categorized as occurring during traditional hours (9:00 am-6:00 pm weekdays) or off-clinic hours, consisting of weekday evenings, weekends, and federal holidays. We compared demographic characteristics and types of vaccine. We used a logistic regression model to identify predictors of being vaccinated during off-clinic hours. During the study period, pharmacists administered 6,250,402 vaccinations, of which 30.5% were provided during off-clinic hours: 17.4% were provided on weekends, 10.2% on evenings, and 2.9% on holidays. Patients had significantly higher odds of off-clinic vaccination if they were younger than 65 years of age, were male, resided in an urban area, and did not have any chronic conditions. A large proportion of adults being vaccinated receive their vaccines during evening, weekend, and holiday hours at the pharmacy, when traditional vaccine providers are likely unavailable. Younger, working-aged, healthy adults, in particular, a variety of immunizations during off-clinic hours. With the low rates of adult and adolescent vaccination in the United States, community pharmacies are creating new opportunities for vaccination that expand access and convenience.

  20. Unhealthy food advertising directed to children on New Zealand television: extent, nature, impact and policy implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandevijvere, Stefanie; Soupen, Alanna; Swinburn, Boyd

    2017-05-26

    To comprehensively assess the extent, nature and impact of unhealthy food advertising targeted to children on New Zealand television. Four weekdays and four weekend days were randomly selected over the period June-August 2015. Programming was recorded from 06.00 to 00.00 hours (midnight), for a total of 432 h. Audience ratings were used to identify children's peak viewing times. New Zealand. The three major free-to-air channels. The majority of foods advertised (n 1807) were unhealthy; 68·5 % of food advertisements included at least one food not permitted to be marketed to children according to the WHO nutrient profiling model. The mean hourly rate of unhealthy food advertising was 9·1 (sd 5·2). One-third of unhealthy food advertisements included a promotional character and one-third a premium offer. About 88 % of unhealthy food advertisements were shown during children's peak viewing times. If unhealthy food advertisements were to be restricted during times when at least 25 % of children are watching television, this would reduce the average unhealthy food advertising impact by 24 % during weekdays and 50 % during weekend days, and if the WHO instead of the current nutrient profiling model were used to restrict unhealthy food advertising to children, the average impact would be reduced by 24 % during weekdays and 29 % during weekend days. Current self-regulation is ineffective in protecting children from exposure to unhealthy food advertising on television. The WHO nutrient profiling model needs to be used to restrict unhealthy food advertising, especially during children's peak viewing times.