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Sample records for weak disorder asymptotics

  1. Weakly asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Allen, Paul T; Lee, John M; Allen, Iva Stavrov

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a class of "weakly asymptotically hyperbolic" geometries whose sectional curvatures tend to $-1$ and are $C^0$, but are not necessarily $C^1$, conformally compact. We subsequently investigate the rate at which curvature invariants decay at infinity, identifying a conformally invariant tensor which serves as an obstruction to "higher order decay" of the Riemann curvature operator. Finally, we establish Fredholm results for geometric elliptic operators, extending the work of Rafe Mazzeo and John M. Lee to this setting. As an application, we show that any weakly asymptotically hyperbolic metric is conformally related to a weakly asymptotically hyperbolic metric of constant negative curvature.

  2. Asymptotic theory of weakly dependent random processes

    CERN Document Server

    Rio, Emmanuel

    2017-01-01

    Presenting tools to aid understanding of asymptotic theory and weakly dependent processes, this book is devoted to inequalities and limit theorems for sequences of random variables that are strongly mixing in the sense of Rosenblatt, or absolutely regular. The first chapter introduces covariance inequalities under strong mixing or absolute regularity. These covariance inequalities are applied in Chapters 2, 3 and 4 to moment inequalities, rates of convergence in the strong law, and central limit theorems. Chapter 5 concerns coupling. In Chapter 6 new deviation inequalities and new moment inequalities for partial sums via the coupling lemmas of Chapter 5 are derived and applied to the bounded law of the iterated logarithm. Chapters 7 and 8 deal with the theory of empirical processes under weak dependence. Lastly, Chapter 9 describes links between ergodicity, return times and rates of mixing in the case of irreducible Markov chains. Each chapter ends with a set of exercises. The book is an updated and extended ...

  3. Weak disorder in Fibonacci sequences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben-Naim, E [Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Krapivsky, P L [Department of Physics and Center for Molecular Cybernetics, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)

    2006-05-19

    We study how weak disorder affects the growth of the Fibonacci series. We introduce a family of stochastic sequences that grow by the normal Fibonacci recursion with probability 1 - {epsilon}, but follow a different recursion rule with a small probability {epsilon}. We focus on the weak disorder limit and obtain the Lyapunov exponent that characterizes the typical growth of the sequence elements, using perturbation theory. The limiting distribution for the ratio of consecutive sequence elements is obtained as well. A number of variations to the basic Fibonacci recursion including shift, doubling and copying are considered. (letter to the editor)

  4. Weak and strong convergence theorems for two finite families of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Hao, Xiaoshuang Wang, Aihua Tong

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper,  an implicit iterative process with mixed errors for two finite family of asymptotically nonexpansive  mappings is considered. Weak and strong  convergence theorems for common fixed points of two finite family of asymptotically nonexpansive  mappings are established in a uniformly convex Banach space.

  5. An Asymptotic Derivation of Weakly Nonlinear Ray Theory

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Phoolan Prasad

    2000-11-01

    Using a method of expansion similar to Chapman–Enskog expansion, a new formal perturbation scheme based on high frequency approximation has been constructed. The scheme leads to an eikonal equation in which the leading order amplitude appears. The transport equation for the amplitude has been deduced with an error (2) where is the small parameter appearing in the high frequency approximation. On a length scale over which Choquet–Bruhat's theory is valid, this theory reduces to the former. The theory is valid on a much larger length scale and the leading order terms give the weakly nonlinear ray theory (WNLRT) of Prasad, which has been very successful in giving physically realistic results and also in showing that the caustic of a linear theory is resolved when nonlinear effects are included. The weak shock ray theory with infinite system of compatibility conditions also follows from this theory.

  6. Asymptotic behavior of a weakly forced dry friction oscillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Ildefonso Diaz

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This note is devoted to stick-slip aspects of the motion of a dry friction damped oscillator under weak irregular forcing. Our main result complements [10, Theorem 3.(a] and is also related to [1], where a non-Lipschitz model for Coulomb friction was consider in the unforced case. We provide sufficient conditions guaranteeing that solutions stabilizing in finite time, but observe also an infinite succession of ``stick-slip'' behavior. The last section discusses an extension to certain systems of such oscillators.

  7. Asymptotic theory for weakly non-linear wave equations in semi-infinite domains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chirakkal V. Easwaran

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions of a class of weakly non-linear wave equations in a semi-infinite region $0le x$, $t< L/sqrt{|epsilon|}$ under arbitrary initial and boundary conditions. We also establish the asymptotic validity of formal perturbation approximations of the solutions in this region.

  8. Weak and Strong Convergence for Fixed Points of Asymptotically Non-expansive Mappings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ze Qing LIU; Shin Min KANG

    2004-01-01

    A few weak and strong convergence theorems of the modified three-step iterative sequence with errors and the modified Ishikawa iterative sequence with errors for asymptotically non-expansive mappings in any non-empty closed convex subsets of uniformly convex Banach spaces are established.The results presented in this paper substantially extend the results due to Chang (2001), Osilike and Aniagbosor (2000), Rhoades (1994) and Schu (1991).

  9. Weak asymptotic solution for a non-strictly hyperbolic system of conservation laws-II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manas Ranjan Sahoo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we introduce a concept of entropy weak asymptotic solution for a system of conservation laws and construct the same for a prolonged system of conservation laws which is highly non-strictly hyperbolic. This is first done for Riemann type initial data by introducing $\\delta,\\delta',\\delta''$ waves along a discontinuity curve and then for general initial data by piecing together the Riemann solutions.

  10. Theory of tunneling ionization of molecules: Weak-field asymptotics including dipole effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tolstikhin, Oleg I.; Morishita, Toru; Madsen, Lars Bojer

    2011-01-01

    The formulation of the parabolic adiabatic expansion approach to the problem of ionization of atomic systems in a static electric field, originally developed for the axially symmetric case [ Phys. Rev. A 82 023416 (2010)], is generalized to arbitrary potentials. This approach is used to rederive...... the asymptotic theory of tunneling ionization in the weak-field limit. In the atomic case, the resulting formulas for the ionization rate coincide with previously known results. In addition, the present theory accounts for the possible existence of a permanent dipole moment of the unperturbed system and, hence......, applies to polar molecules. Accounting for dipole effects constitutes an important difference of the present theory from the so-called molecular Ammosov-Delone-Krainov theory. The theory is illustrated by comparing exact and asymptotic results for a set of model polar molecules and a realistic molecular...

  11. Critical level statistics for weakly disordered graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amanatidis, E; Kleftogiannis, I; Katsanos, D E; Evangelou, S N

    2014-04-16

    In two dimensions chaotic level statistics with the Wigner spacing distribution P(S) is expected for massless fermions in the Dirac region. The obtained P(S) for weakly disordered finite graphene samples with zigzag edges turns out, however, to be neither chaotic (Wigner) nor localized (Poisson). It is similar to the intermediate statistics at the critical point of the Anderson metal-insulator transition. The quantum transport of finite graphene for weak disorder, with critical level statistics can occur via edge states as in topological insulators, and for strong disorder, graphene behaves as an ordinary Anderson insulator with Poisson statistics.

  12. Asymptotic solution for a class of weakly nonlinear singularly perturbed reaction diffusion problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Rong-rong

    2009-01-01

    Under appropriate conditions, with the perturbation method and the theory of differential inequalities, a class of weakly nonlinear singularly perturbed reaction diffusion problem is considered. The existence of solution of the original problem is proved by constructing the auxiliary functions. The uniformly valid asymptotic expansions of the solution for arbitrary mth order approximation are obtained through constructing the formal solutions of the original problem, expanding the nonlinear terms to the power in small parameter e and comparing the coefficient for the same powers of ε. Finally, an example is provided, resulting in the error of O(ε2).

  13. First-order correction terms in the weak-field asymptotic theory of tunneling ionization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trinh, Vinh H.; Tolstikhin, Oleg I.; Madsen, Lars Bojer

    2013-01-01

    The weak-field asymptotic theory (WFAT) of tunneling ionization in a static electric field is developed to the next order in field. The first-order corrections to the ionization rate and transverse momentum distribution of the ionized electrons are derived. This extends the region of applicability...... of the WFAT at the quantitative level toward stronger fields, practically up to the boundary between tunneling and over-the-barrier regimes of ionization. The results apply to any atom or molecule treated in the single-active-electron and frozen-nuclei approximations. The theory is illustrated by calculations...... for hydrogen and noble-gas atoms....

  14. First-order correction terms in the weak-field asymptotic theory of tunneling ionization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trinh, Vinh H.; Tolstikhin, Oleg I.; Madsen, Lars Bojer;

    2013-01-01

    The weak-field asymptotic theory (WFAT) of tunneling ionization in a static electric field is developed to the next order in field. The first-order corrections to the ionization rate and transverse momentum distribution of the ionized electrons are derived. This extends the region of applicability...... of the WFAT at the quantitative level toward stronger fields, practically up to the boundary between tunneling and over-the-barrier regimes of ionization. The results apply to any atom or molecule treated in the single-active-electron and frozen-nuclei approximations. The theory is illustrated by calculations...

  15. Traveling waves in trimer granular lattice II: Asymptotic prediction of weakly attenuated pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiffer, A.; Jayaprakash, K. R.; Starosvetsky, Y.

    2017-02-01

    In the present study we consider the impulsive response of perfectly aligned, uncompressed, tri-atomic (trimer) granular lattice. In this study, we demonstrate that under particular choice of the system parameters - impulsively loaded, trimer granular lattice can support formation of highly localized, weakly attenuated pulses. These pulses are manifested by the completely non-symmetric wave profiles and can be attributed to the special family of solitary like waves forming in the non-homogenous, periodic trimer granular lattice in the state of acoustic vacuum. Using the recently developed analytical procedure based on the singular, multi-scale perturbation analysis, we derive a simplified reduced order model predicting the special regions in the space of the system parameters corresponding to the formation of the weakly attenuated pulses. Predictions of the asymptotical model are found to be in very good agreement with the results of numerical simulations of the full trimer granular lattice. From a practical point of view, these results can have important implications in complex, structural optimization problems of wave manipulation in the repetitive granular metamaterials.

  16. Weak and Strong Convergence of an Algorithm for the Split Common Fixed-Point of Asymptotically Quasi-Nonexpansive Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yazheng Dang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by the Moudafi (2010, we propose an algorithm for solving the split common fixed-point problem for a wide class of asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive operators and the weak and strong convergence of the algorithm are shown under some suitable conditions in Hilbert spaces. The algorithm and its convergence results improve and develop previous results for split feasibility problems.

  17. Application of the weak-field asymptotic theory to the analysis of tunneling ionization of linear molecules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lars Bojer; Tolstikhin, Oleg I.; Morishita, Toru

    2012-01-01

    The recently developed weak-field asymptotic theory [ Phys. Rev. A 84 053423 (2011)] is applied to the analysis of tunneling ionization of a molecular ion (H2+), several homonuclear (H2, N2, O2) and heteronuclear (CO, HF) diatomic molecules, and a linear triatomic molecule (CO2) in a static...

  18. Weakly disordered two-dimensional Frenkel excitons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boukahil, A.; Zettili, Nouredine

    2004-03-01

    We report the results of studies of the optical properties of weakly disordered two- dimensional Frenkel excitons in the Coherent Potential Approximation (CPA). An approximate complex Green's function for a square lattice with nearest neighbor interactions is used in the self-consistent equation to determine the coherent potential. It is shown that the Density of States is very much affected by the logarithmic singularities in the Green's function. Our CPA results are in excellent agreement with previous investigations by Schreiber and Toyozawa using the Monte Carlo simulation.

  19. First-order correction terms in the weak-field asymptotic theory of tunneling ionization in many-electron systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinh, Vinh H.; Tolstikhin, Oleg I.; Morishita, Toru

    2016-10-01

    The many-electron weak-field asymptotic theory of tunneling ionization including the first-order correction terms in the asymptotic expansion of the ionization rate in field strength was highlighted in our recent fast track communication (Trinh et al 2015 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 061003) by demonstrating its performance for two-electron atoms. Here we present a thorough derivation of the first-order terms omitted in the previous publication and provide additional numerical illustrations of the theory.

  20. Asymptotic Behavior of Global Classical Solutions of Quasilinear Non-strictly Hyperbolic Systems with Weakly Linear Degeneracy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenrong DAI

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of global classical solutions of the Cauchy problem for general quasilinear hyperbolic systems with constant multiple and weakly linearly degenerate characteristic fields. Based on the existence of global classical solution proved by Zhou Yi et al., we show that, when t tends to infinity, the solution approaches a combination of C1 travelling wave solutions, provided that the total variation and the L1 norm of initial data are sufficiently small.

  1. Future asymptotics and geodesic completeness of polarized T2-symmetric spacetimes with weak regularity

    CERN Document Server

    LeFloch, Philippe G

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the late-time asymptotics of future expanding, polarized vacuum Einstein spacetimes with T2-symmetry on T3, which, by definition, admit two spacelike Killing fields. Our main result is the existence of a stable asymptotic regime within this class, that is, we provide here a full description of the late-time asymptotics of the solutions to the Einstein equations when the initial data set is close to the asymptotic regime. Our proof is based on several energy functionals with lower order corrections (as is standard for such problems) and the derivation of a simplified model which we exhibit here. Roughly speaking, the Einstein equations in the symmetry class under consideration consists of a system of wave equations coupled to constraint equations plus a system of ordinary differential equations. The unknowns involved in the system of ordinary equations are blowing up in the future timelike directions. One of our main contributions is the derivation of novel effective equations for suitably renor...

  2. Universal breaking point asymptotic for energy spectrum of Riemann waves in weakly nonlinear non-dispersive media

    CERN Document Server

    Kartashova, Elena

    2013-01-01

    In this Letter we study the form of the energy spectrum of Riemann waves in weakly nonlinear non-dispersive media. For quadratic and cubic nonlinearity we demonstrate that the deformation of an Riemann wave over time yields an exponential energy spectrum which turns into power law asymptotic with the slope being approximately -8/3 at the last stage of evolution before breaking. We argue, that this is the universal asymptotic behaviour of Riemann waves in any nonlinear non-dispersive medium at the point of breaking. The results reported in this Letter can be used in various non-dispersive media, e.g. magneto-hydro dynamics, physical oceanography, nonlinear acoustics.

  3. Weak Uniform Normal Structure and Fixed Points of Asymptotically Regular Semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Chuan ZENG

    2004-01-01

    Let X be a Banach space with a weak uniform normal structure and C a non-empty convexweakly compact subset of X. Under some suitable restriction, we prove that every asymptoticallyregular semigroup T = {T(t): t ∈ S} of selfmappings on C satisfyinglim inf |‖T(t)‖| < WCS(X)S(∈)t→∞has a common fixed point, where WCS(X) is the weakly convergent sequence coefficient of X, and |‖T(t) ‖ | is the exact Lipschitz constant of T(t).

  4. Application of the weak-field asymptotic theory to the analysis of tunneling ionization of linear molecules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lars Bojer; Tolstikhin, Oleg I.; Morishita, Toru

    2012-01-01

    electric field. The dependence of the ionization rate on the angle between the molecular axis and the field is determined by a structure factor for the highest occupied molecular orbital. This factor is calculated using a virtually exact discrete variable representation wave function for H2+, very accurate...... Hartree-Fock wave functions for the diatomics, and a Hartree-Fock quantum chemistry wave function for CO2. The structure factors are expanded in terms of standard functions and the associated structure coefficients, allowing the determination of the ionization rate for any orientation of the molecule......The recently developed weak-field asymptotic theory [ Phys. Rev. A 84 053423 (2011)] is applied to the analysis of tunneling ionization of a molecular ion (H2+), several homonuclear (H2, N2, O2) and heteronuclear (CO, HF) diatomic molecules, and a linear triatomic molecule (CO2) in a static...

  5. Degenerate U- and V-statistics under weak dependence: Asymptotic theory and bootstrap consistency

    CERN Document Server

    Leucht, Anne

    2012-01-01

    We devise a general result on the consistency of model-based bootstrap methods for U- and V-statistics under easily verifiable conditions. For that purpose, we derive the limit distributions of degree-2 degenerate U- and V-statistics for weakly dependent $\\mathbb{R}^d$-valued random variables first. To this end, only some moment conditions and smoothness assumptions concerning the kernel are required. Based on this result, we verify that the bootstrap counterparts of these statistics have the same limit distributions. Finally, some applications to hypothesis testing are presented.

  6. Density of states of Frenkel excitons in weakly disordered systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boukahil, Abdelkrim; Zettili, Nouredine

    2002-04-01

    We present the calculation of the density of states of Frenkel excitons in weakly disordered one , two , and three-dimensional systems. A random distribution of transition frequencies with variance s2 characterizes the disorder. The Coherent Potential Approximation (CPA) calculations show that the density of states (DOS) is very sensitive to any variations in the disorder parameter s. Our calculations are in good agreement with previous work based on the Monte Carlo simulation. One of us (AB) acknowldges the support of the University of Wisconsin--Whitewater for this work through a university research grant.

  7. Transport in weak dynamic disorder: a unified theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Bin; Li, Tiejun

    2013-11-01

    For quantum particles, it is well known that static disorder would lead to Anderson localization (AL) while dynamic (evolving) disorder would destroy AL and facilitate the transport. In this article, we study the transport behavior of a quantum particle in weak dynamic disorder. Based on Wigner representation, we obtain the radiative transfer equation (a linear Boltzmann equation) in the weak dynamic disorder limit, which could lead to not only all the existing transport behaviors in the literature but also new transport behaviors (for example, Lévy flight in momentum space). Furthermore, for dimensions greater than one, though we can formally derive the diffusive transport approximation, we argue that this diffusive transport is not physical but the nondiffusive transport should persist forever. This provides a possible resolution for the long-standing puzzle whether diffusive or nondiffusive transport would prevail in the long time limit. Our result would have major implications for the hypertransport of light, matter wave dynamics in disordered media, and directed polymer problems.

  8. Weak point disorder in strongly fluctuating flux-line liquids

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Panayotis Benetatos; M Cristina Marchetti

    2006-01-01

    We consider the effect of weak uncorrelated quenched disorder (point defects) on a strongly fluctuating flux-line liquid. We use a hydrodynamic model which is based on mapping the flux-line system onto a quantum liquid of relativistic charged bosons in 2 + 1 dimensions [P Benetatos and M C Marchetti, Phys. Rev. B64, 054518 (2001)]. In this model, flux lines are allowed to be arbitrarily curved and can even form closed loops. Point defects can be scalar or polar. In the latter case, the direction of their dipole moments can be random or correlated. Within the Gaussian approximation of our hydrodynamic model, we calculate disorder-induced corrections to the correlation functions of the flux-line fields and the elastic moduli of the flux-line liquid. We find that scalar disorder enhances loop nucleation, and polar (magnetic) defects decrease the tilt modulus.

  9. Elastic Wave Propagation in Two-Dimensional Ordered and Weakly Disordered Phononic Crystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Zuo-Dong; CHENG Jian-Chun

    2005-01-01

    @@ Elastic wave propagation in two-dimensional solid-solid ordered and weakly disordered phononic crystals is studied by using finite-difference time-domain method.Theoretical results show that obvious band gaps in the ordered crystal could be found, while in the weakly disordered ones the band gaps could partially vanish.Furthermore,with increase of disorder, band gaps are destructed badly and prominently in the high frequency regime while slightly in the low regime.Comparing the energy transmission dependent on time, we find that the coda wave phenomenon is prominent in the ordered crystal while weakened in the weakly disordered ones, and the physical properties are discussed.

  10. Observation of electron weak localization and correlation effects in disordered graphene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    We have studied the electron transport properties of a disordered graphene sample, where the disorder was intentionally strengthened by Ga+ ion irradiation. The magneto-conductance of the sample exhibits a typical two-dimensional electron weak localization behavior, with electron-electron interaction as the dominant dephasing mechanism. The absence of electron anti-weak localization in the sample implies strong intersublattice and/or intervalley scattering caused by the disorders. The temperature and bias-voltage dependencies of conductance clearly reveal the suppression of conductance at low energies, indicating opening of a Coulomb gap due to electron-electron interaction in the disordered graphene sample.

  11. Polynomial Asymptotes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, David E.

    2010-01-01

    This note develops and implements the theory of polynomial asymptotes to (graphs of) rational functions, as a generalization of the classical topics of horizontal asymptotes and oblique/slant asymptotes. Applications are given to hyperbolic asymptotes. Prerequisites include the division algorithm for polynomials with coefficients in the field of…

  12. Weak Pullback Attractors for Asymptotically Upper Semicompact Nonautonomous Multivalued Semiflow%渐近上半紧的非自治多值半流的弱拉回吸引子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李挺; 廖公夫

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 Introduction In this paper we study the existence of pullback attractors for multivalued nonantonomous and multivalued random semiflow. In [1] and [2], the authors have proved the existence of pullback attractors of multivalued nonautonomous semiflow (random semiflow) under the assumption of the existence of compact absorbing set. In [3], the authors have proved the existence of pullback attractors of multivalued nonautonomous semiflow and random semiflow under the assumptions of uniformly pullback asymptotically upper semicompact and closed graph. In [4], the authors consider the existence of pullback attractor of singlevalued nonautonomous semiflow and random semiflow under the assumption of pullback asymptotic compactness. Instead of these assumptions, we consider multivalued nonautonomous semiflow and multivalued random semiflow with weak pullback asymptotic upper semi-compactness and prove the existence of pullback attractors.

  13. Zero Energy Anomaly in One-Dimensional Anderson Lattice with Exponentially Correlated Weak Diagonal Disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宗国; 覃绍京; 康凯; 王垂林

    2012-01-01

    We calculated numerically the localization length of one-dimensional Anderson model with correlated diagonal disorder. For zero energy point in the weak disorder limit, we showed that the localization length changes continuously as the correlation of the disorder increases. We found that higher order terms of the correlation must be included into the current perturbation result in order to give the correct localization length, arid to connect smoothly the anomaly at zero correlation with the perturbation result for large correlation.

  14. Effect of site disorder on the magnetic properties of weak itinerant ferromagnet Ni75Al25

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anita Semwal; S N Kaul

    2003-03-01

    Detailed study of Ni75Al25 samples with varying degree of site disorder reveals that site disorder promotes magnetic excitations such as spin waves and local spin-density fluctuations and thereby reduces both spin-wave stiffness and Curie temperature. Irreversibility lines in the - phase diagram of the weak itinerant ferromagnet Ni75Al25 have been determined for the first time and the effect of site disorder on them has been ascertained.

  15. Observation of electron weak localization and correlation effects in disordered graphene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN ChangLing; TAN ZhenBing; MA Li; QU FanMing; YANG Fan; CHEN Jun; LIU GuangTong; YANG HaiFang; YANG ChangLi; LU Li

    2009-01-01

    We have studied the electron transport properties of a disordered graphene sample,where the disorder was intentionally strengthened by Ga+ ion irradiation.The magneto-conductance of the sample exhibits a typical two-dimensional electron weak localization behavior,with electron-electron interaction as the dominant dephasing mechanism.The absence of electron anti-weak localization in the sample implies strong intersublattice and/or intervalley scattering caused by the disorders.The temperature and bias-voltage dependencies of conductance clearly reveal the suppression of conductance at low ener-gies,indicating opening of a Coulomb gap due to electron-electron interaction in the disordered gra-phene sample.

  16. Current flow in random resistor networks: the role of percolation in weak and strong disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zhenhua; López, Eduardo; Buldyrev, Sergey V; Braunstein, Lidia A; Havlin, Shlomo; Stanley, H Eugene

    2005-04-01

    We study the current flow paths between two edges in a random resistor network on a L X L square lattice. Each resistor has resistance e(ax) , where x is a uniformly distributed random variable and a controls the broadness of the distribution. We find that: (a) The scaled variable u identical with u congruent to L/a(nu) , where nu is the percolation connectedness exponent, fully determines the distribution of the current path length l for all values of u . For u > 1, the behavior corresponds to the weak disorder limit and l scales as l approximately L, while for u < 1 , the behavior corresponds to the strong disorder limit with l approximately L(d(opt) ), where d(opt) =1.22+/-0.01 is the optimal path exponent. (b) In the weak disorder regime, there is a length scale xi approximately a(nu), below which strong disorder and critical percolation characterize the current path.

  17. Optical linewidths of Frenkel excitons in weakly disordered three-dimensional systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boukahil, A.; Huber, D. L.

    1991-10-01

    A calculation of the optical linewidth of a Frenkel exciton in a weakly disordered, three-dimensional array is presented. The disorder is reflected in a random distribution of transition frequencies with variance σ 2. An analysis based on the coherent potential approximation leads to a linewidth proportional to σ 3. The predictions of the theory are in quantitative agreement with the numerical simulation data of Schreiber and Toyozawa.

  18. Small-core photonic crystal fibres with weakly disordered air-hole cladding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Asger; Nielsen, Martin Dybendal; Folkenberg, Jacob Riis;

    2004-01-01

    Motivated by recent experimental work by Folkenberg et al (2003 Opt. Lett. 28 1882–4) we consider the effect of weak disorder in the air-hole lattice of small-core photonic crystal fibres. We find that the broken symmetry leads to higher-order modes which have generic intensity distributions rese...

  19. Lyapounov exponents of products of random matrices: weak disorder expansion. Application to localisation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derrida, B.; Mecheri, K.; Pichard, J.L.

    1987-05-01

    We derive the weak disorder expansion of the Lyapounov exponents of a product of random matrices. The condition for this expansion to be valid is that in the limit of zero disorder, the matrix has all its eigenvalues with different moduli. As an example, we study the problem of localisation on strips in the limit of weak disorder. We show that our expansion agrees very well with numerical simulations in the region where the condition on the moduli is satisfied which corresponds to energies outside the conduction band. In that region, we find a limiting density of Lyapounov exponents when the strip width goes to infinity. Inside the band, our expansion cannot be valid unless one adds an imaginary part to the energy.

  20. Ion-mediated interactions between net-neutral slabs: Weak and strong disorder effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghodrat, Malihe; Naji, Ali; Komaie-Moghaddam, Haniyeh; Podgornik, Rudolf

    2015-12-01

    We investigate the effective interaction between two randomly charged but otherwise net-neutral, planar dielectric slabs immersed in an asymmetric Coulomb fluid containing a mixture of mobile monovalent and multivalent ions. The presence of charge disorder on the apposed bounding surfaces of the slabs leads to substantial qualitative changes in the way they interact, as compared with the standard picture provided by the van der Waals and image-induced, ion-depletion interactions. While, the latter predict purely attractive interactions between strictly neutral slabs, we show that the combined effects from surface charge disorder, image depletion, Debye (or salt) screening, and also, in particular, their coupling with multivalent ions, give rise to a more diverse behavior for the effective interaction between net-neutral slabs at nano-scale separations. Disorder effects show large variation depending on the properly quantified strength of disorder, leading either to non-monotonic effective interaction with both repulsive and attractive branches when the surface charges are weakly disordered (small disorder variance) or to a dominating attractive interaction that is larger both in its range and magnitude than what is predicted from the van der Waals and image-induced, ion-depletion interactions, when the surfaces are strongly disordered (large disorder variance).

  1. Ion-mediated interactions between net-neutral slabs: Weak and strong disorder effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghodrat, Malihe; Naji, Ali; Komaie-Moghaddam, Haniyeh; Podgornik, Rudolf

    2015-12-21

    We investigate the effective interaction between two randomly charged but otherwise net-neutral, planar dielectric slabs immersed in an asymmetric Coulomb fluid containing a mixture of mobile monovalent and multivalent ions. The presence of charge disorder on the apposed bounding surfaces of the slabs leads to substantial qualitative changes in the way they interact, as compared with the standard picture provided by the van der Waals and image-induced, ion-depletion interactions. While, the latter predict purely attractive interactions between strictly neutral slabs, we show that the combined effects from surface charge disorder, image depletion, Debye (or salt) screening, and also, in particular, their coupling with multivalent ions, give rise to a more diverse behavior for the effective interaction between net-neutral slabs at nano-scale separations. Disorder effects show large variation depending on the properly quantified strength of disorder, leading either to non-monotonic effective interaction with both repulsive and attractive branches when the surface charges are weakly disordered (small disorder variance) or to a dominating attractive interaction that is larger both in its range and magnitude than what is predicted from the van der Waals and image-induced, ion-depletion interactions, when the surfaces are strongly disordered (large disorder variance).

  2. [Iliopsoas muscle syndrome. Functional disorders: shortening, spasm and weakness of a structurally unchanged muscle].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grgić, Vjekoslav

    2009-01-01

    Functional (non-organic) disorders of the iliopsoas muscle (IPM), i.e. the shortening, spasm and weakness of the structurally unchanged IPM, can be manifested as abdominal and/or pelvic pain, pain in areas of the thoracolumbar (ThL) and lumbosacral (LS) spine, sacroiliac (SI) joint, hip, groin and anterior thigh on the side of the affected muscle as well as gait disturbances (iliopsoas muscle syndrome). By clinical examination of the IPM, including the transabdominal palpation, stretch and strength tests, pathological masses, shortening, painful spasm, weakness and tendon tenderness of that muscle can be diagnosed. The IPM is, like other postural muscles, inclined to shortening. The weakness of the IPM can be a consequence of the lesion of the lumbar plexus or femoral nerve that innervate the IPM, as well as a consequence of certain organic diseases of the IPM. Painful stimuli coming from somatic and visceral structures that are innervated from Th12-L4 nerve roots, from which the IPM segmental innervation also originates, can cause a reflex spasm of the IPM. A painful spasm of the IPM caused by disorders of the ThL and LS spine, SI and hip joint, can mimic diseases of the abdominal and pelvic organs. In the differential diagnosis of the IPM painful spasm, organic diseases of that muscle should be considered foremost (abscess, hematoma, tumor, metastase), as they can result in spasm, and the diseases of the abdominal and pelvic organs that can cause an IPM reflex spasm. The IPM functional disorders, which are not rare, are often overlooked during a clinical examination of a patient. Reasons for overlooking these disorders are: 1) a nonspecific and variable clinical picture presenting the IPM functional disorders, 2) the IPM functional disorders are a neglected source of pain, 3) the inaccessibility of the IPM for inspection, 4) the lack of knowledge of the IPM examination techniques and 5) the IPM functional disorders cannot be discovered by radiological

  3. Density of States of Weakly Disordered Two-Dimensional Frenkel Excitons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zettili, Nouredine; Boukahil, A.

    2005-03-01

    The Coherent Potential Approximation (CPA) is used to study the optical properties of weakly disordered two-dimensional Frenkel exciton systems with nearest neighbor interactions. The transition frequencies are assumed to have Gaussian distribution. An approximate complex logarithmic Green's function for a square lattice with nearest neighbor interactions is used in the CPA self-consistent equation to determine the coherent potential. We show that the CPA results are in excellent agreement with previous numerical investigations.

  4. Decay of the resonance fluorescence following pulsed excitation of a weakly disordered excitonic system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boukahil, A.; Huber, D. L.

    1993-12-01

    A study is made of the decay of the resonance fluorescence following pulsed excitation of a weakly disordered system whose optical excitations are Frenkel excitons. The disorder is characterized by a Gaussian distribution of optical transition frequencies with no correlation between different sites. The duration of the resonant pulse is taken to be short in comparison with the reciprocal of the optical linewidth, and the wavelength of the light is assumed to be large in comparison with either the size of the array or the exciton mean free path associated with the disorder. In the limit where σ, the standard deviation of the Gaussian distribution, is much less than the exciton bandwidth, the integrated intensity of the fluorescence decays non-exponentially and is characterized by universal functions of σ xt, where x= 4/3, 2, and 4 in one, two, and three dimensions, respectively. Analytic approximations to the scaling functions in two and three dimensions are presented.

  5. Enhancing the sensitivity of mesoscopic light reflection statistics in weakly disordered media by interface reflections

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Daniel J; Backman, Vadim

    2016-01-01

    Reflection statistics have not been well studied for optical random media whose mean refractive indices do not match with the refractive indices of their surrounding media. Here, we theoretically study how this refractive index mismatch between a one dimensional (1D) optical sample and its surrounding medium affects the reflection statistics in the weak disorder limit, when the fluctuation part of the refractive index (dn) is much smaller than the mismatch as well as the mean refractive index of the sample (dn ). In the theoretical derivation, we perform a detailed calculation that results in the analytical forms of mean and standard deviation (STD) of the reflectance in terms of disorder parameters (dn and lc) in an index mismatched backscattering system. Particularly, the orders of disorder parameters in STD of the reflectance for index mismatched systems is shown to be lower ( ( lc )^1/2 ) than that of the matched systems ( lc). By comparing STDs of the reflection coefficient of index matched and mismatche...

  6. Deriving real delay time statistics from the complex delay time statistics in weakly disordered optical media

    OpenAIRE

    Pradhan, Prabhakar; Sahay, Peeyush; Almabadi, Huda M.

    2016-01-01

    Considering the complex reflection amplitude R=|R|exp(i{\\theta}) of a light wave, real delay time {\\tau}_r (i.e., sojourn or Wigner delay time), which is the energy derivative of the real phase ({\\tau}_r =d{\\theta}/cdk), and complex delay time {\\tau}_i , which is the energy derivative of the reflection coefficient ({\\tau}_i=d{\\theta}_i/cdk, |R|=r^1/2=exp(-{\\theta}_i)), have the same statistical form and a mirror image with a shift in time in weak disorder and short length regime. Real delay t...

  7. Elephants in Pyjamas: Testing the Weak Central Coherence Account of Autism Spectrum Disorders Using a Syntactic Disambiguation Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riches, N. G.; Loucas, T.; Baird, G.; Charman, T.; Simonoff, E.

    2016-01-01

    According to the weak central coherence (CC) account individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) exhibit enhanced local processing and weak part-whole integration. CC was investigated in the verbal domain. Adolescents, recruited using a 2 (ASD status) by 2 (language impairment status) design, completed an aural forced choice comprehension…

  8. Conductivity of weakly disordered strange metals: from conformal to hyperscaling-violating regimes

    CERN Document Server

    Lucas, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    We present a semi-analytic method for constructing holographic black holes that interpolate from anti-de Sitter space to hyperscaling-violating geometries. These are holographic duals of conformal field theories in the presence of an applied chemical potential, $\\mu$, at a non-zero temperature, $T$, and allow us to describe the crossover from `strange metal' physics at $T \\ll \\mu$, to conformal physics at $T \\gg \\mu$. Our holographic technique adds an extra gauge field and exploits structure of the Einstein-Maxwell system to manifestly find 1-parameter families of solutions of the Einstein-matter system in terms of a small family of functions, obeying a nested set of differential equations. Using these interpolating geometries, we re-consider holographically some recent questions of interest about hyperscaling-violating field theories. Our focus is a more detailed holographic computation of the conductivity of strange metals, weakly perturbed by disorder coupled to scalar operators, including both the average...

  9. Sleep-disordered breathing in unilateral diaphragm paralysis or severe weakness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steier, J; Jolley, C J; Seymour, J; Kaul, S; Luo, Y M; Rafferty, G F; Hart, N; Polkey, M I; Moxham, J

    2008-12-01

    Few data exist concerning sleep in patients with hemidiaphragm paralysis or weakness. Traditionally, such patients are considered to sustain normal ventilation in sleep. In the present study, diaphragm strength was measured in order to identify patients with unilateral paralysis or severe weakness. Patients underwent polysomnography with additional recordings of the transoesophageal electromyogram (EMG) of the diaphragm and surface EMG of extra-diaphragmatic respiratory muscles. These data were compared with 11 normal, healthy subjects matched for sex, age and body mass index (BMI). In total, 11 patients (six males, mean+/-sd age 56.5+/-10.0 yrs, BMI 28.7+/-2.8 kg x m(-2)) with hemidiaphragm paralysis or severe weakness (unilateral twitch transdiaphragmatic pressure 3.3+/-1.7 cmH(2)O (0.33+/-0.17 kPa) were studied. They had a mean+/-sd respiratory disturbance index of 8.1+/-10.1 events x h(-1) during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and 26.0+/-17.8 events x h(-1) during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep (control groups 0.4+/-0.4 and 0.7+/-0.9 events x h(-1), respectively). The diaphragm EMG, as a percentage of maximum, was double that of the control group in NREM sleep (15.3+/-5.3 versus 8.9+/-4.9% max, respectively) and increased in REM sleep (20.0+/-6.9% max), while normal subjects sustained the same level of activation (6.2+/-3.1% max). Patients with unilateral diaphragm dysfunction are at risk of developing sleep-disordered breathing during rapid eye movement sleep. The diaphragm electromyogram, reflecting neural respiratory drive, is doubled in patients compared with normal subjects, and increases further in rapid eye movement sleep.

  10. Feasibility of Diagrammatic Monte-Carlo based on weak-coupling expansion in asymptotically free theories: case study of $O(N)$ sigma-model in the large-$N$ limit

    CERN Document Server

    Buividovich, P V

    2015-01-01

    We discuss the feasibility of applying Diagrammatic Monte-Carlo algorithms to the weak-coupling expansions of asymptotically free quantum field theories, taking the large-$N$ limit of the $O(N)$ sigma-model as the simplest example where exact results are available. We use stereographic mapping from the sphere to the real plane to set up the perturbation theory, which results in a small bare mass term proportional to the coupling $\\lambda$. Counting the powers of coupling associated with higher-order interaction vertices, we arrive at the double-series representation for the dynamically generated mass gap in powers of both $\\lambda$ and $\\log(\\lambda)$, which converges quite quickly to the exact non-perturbative answer. We also demonstrate that it is feasible to obtain the coefficients of these double series by a Monte-Carlo sampling in the space of Feynman diagrams. In particular, the sign problem of such sampling becomes milder at small $\\lambda$, that is, close to the continuum limit.

  11. Conductivity of weakly disordered strange metals: From conformal to hyperscaling-violating regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Lucas

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a semi-analytic method for constructing holographic black holes that interpolate from anti-de Sitter space to hyperscaling-violating geometries. These are holographic duals of conformal field theories in the presence of an applied chemical potential, μ, at a non-zero temperature, T, and allow us to describe the crossover from ‘strange metal’ physics at T≪μ, to conformal physics at T≫μ. Our holographic technique adds an extra gauge field and exploits structure of the Einstein–Maxwell system to manifestly find 1-parameter families of solutions of the Einstein-matter system in terms of a small family of functions, obeying a nested set of differential equations. Using these interpolating geometries, we re-consider holographically some recent questions of interest about hyperscaling-violating field theories. Our focus is a more detailed holographic computation of the conductivity of strange metals, weakly perturbed by disorder coupled to scalar operators, including both the average conductivity as well as sample-to-sample fluctuations. Our findings are consistent with previous scaling arguments, though we point out logarithmic corrections in some special (holographic cases. We also discuss the nature of superconducting instabilities in hyperscaling-violating geometries with appropriate choices of scalar couplings.

  12. Conductivity of weakly disordered strange metals: From conformal to hyperscaling-violating regimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Andrew; Sachdev, Subir

    2015-03-01

    We present a semi-analytic method for constructing holographic black holes that interpolate from anti-de Sitter space to hyperscaling-violating geometries. These are holographic duals of conformal field theories in the presence of an applied chemical potential, μ, at a non-zero temperature, T, and allow us to describe the crossover from 'strange metal' physics at T ≪ μ, to conformal physics at T ≫ μ. Our holographic technique adds an extra gauge field and exploits structure of the Einstein-Maxwell system to manifestly find 1-parameter families of solutions of the Einstein-matter system in terms of a small family of functions, obeying a nested set of differential equations. Using these interpolating geometries, we re-consider holographically some recent questions of interest about hyperscaling-violating field theories. Our focus is a more detailed holographic computation of the conductivity of strange metals, weakly perturbed by disorder coupled to scalar operators, including both the average conductivity as well as sample-to-sample fluctuations. Our findings are consistent with previous scaling arguments, though we point out logarithmic corrections in some special (holographic) cases. We also discuss the nature of superconducting instabilities in hyperscaling-violating geometries with appropriate choices of scalar couplings.

  13. Weak disorder in the stochastic mean-field model of distance II

    CERN Document Server

    Bhamidi, Shankar; Hooghiemstra, Gerard

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study the complete graph $K_n$ with $n$ vertices, where we attach an i.i.d.~weight to each of the $n(n-1)/2$ edges. We focus on the weight $W_n$ and the number of edges $H_n$ of the minimal weight path between vertex $1$ and vertex $n$. It is shown in \\cite{BH09} that when the weights on the edges are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) with distribution equal to $E^s$, where $s>0$ is some parameter and $E$ has an exponential distribution with mean 1, then $H_n$ is asymptotically normal with asymptotic mean $s\\log n$ and asymptotic variance $s^2\\log n$. In this paper, we analyze the situation when the weights have distribution $E^{-s},\\, s>0$, where the behavior of $H_n$ is markedly different as $H_n$ is a tight sequence of random variables. More precisely, we use Stein's method for Poisson approximation to show that, for almost all $s>0$, the hopcount $H_n$ converges in probability to the nearest integer of $s+1$ greater than or equal to 2, and identify the limiting distributio...

  14. Asymptotics of trimmed CUSUM statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Berkes, István; Schauer, Johannes; 10.3150/10-BEJ318

    2012-01-01

    There is a wide literature on change point tests, but the case of variables with infinite variances is essentially unexplored. In this paper we address this problem by studying the asymptotic behavior of trimmed CUSUM statistics. We show that in a location model with i.i.d. errors in the domain of attraction of a stable law of parameter $0<\\alpha <2$, the appropriately trimmed CUSUM process converges weakly to a Brownian bridge. Thus, after moderate trimming, the classical method for detecting change points remains valid also for populations with infinite variance. We note that according to the classical theory, the partial sums of trimmed variables are generally not asymptotically normal and using random centering in the test statistics is crucial in the infinite variance case. We also show that the partial sums of truncated and trimmed random variables have different asymptotic behavior. Finally, we discuss resampling procedures which enable one to determine critical values in the case of small and mo...

  15. Magnetic relaxation in a three-dimensional ferromagnet with weak quenched random-exchange disorder

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S N Kaul; Anita Semwal

    2003-12-01

    Isothermal remanent magnetization decay, r(), and `in-field’ growth of zero-field-cooled magnetization, ZFC(), with time have been measured over four decades in time at temperatures ranging from 0.25 c to 1.25 c (where c is the Curie temperature, determined previously for the same sample from static critical phenomena measurements) for a nearly ordered intermetallic compound Ni3Al, which is an experimental realization of a three-dimensional (= 3) ferromagnet with weak quenched random-exchange disorder. None of the functional forms of r() predicted by the existing phenomenological models of relaxation dynamics in spin systems with quenched randomness, but only the expressions r()=0[1 \\exp(-/1)+(/2)-] and ZFC()='0[1-\\{'1\\exp(-/'1)+(/'2)-'] closely reproduce such data in the present case. The most striking features of magnetic relaxation in the system in question are as follows: Aging effects are absent in both r() and ZFC() at all temperatures in the temperature range covered in the present experiments. A cross-over in equilibrium dynamics from the one, characteristic of a pure = 3 ferromagnet with complete atomic ordering and prevalent at temperatures away from c, to that, typical of a = 3 random-exchange ferromagnet, occurs as → c. The relaxation times 1()('1()) and 2()('2()) exhibit logarithmic divergence at critical temperatures $^{_{1}}_{\\text{c}}(^{'_{1}}_{\\text{c}}(H))$ and $^{_{2}}_{\\text{c}}(^{'_{2}}_{\\text{c}}(H))$; $^{'_{1}}_{\\text{c}}$ and $^{'_{2}}_{\\text{c}}$ both increase with the external magnetic field strength, , such that at any given field value, $^{'_{1}}_{\\text{c}}=^{'_{2}}_{\\text{c}}$. The exponent characterizing the logarithmic divergence in $'_{1}()$ and $'_{2}()$ possesses a field-independent value of ≃ 16 for both relaxation times. Of all the available theoretical models, the droplet fluctuation model alone provides a qualitative explanation for some aspects of the present magnetic relaxation data.

  16. Confinement versus asymptotic freedom

    CERN Document Server

    Dubin, A Yu

    2002-01-01

    I put forward the low-energy confining asymptote of the solution $$ (valid for large macroscopic contours C of the size $>>1/\\Lambda_{QCD}$) to the large N Loop equation in the D=4 U(N) Yang-Mills theory with the asymptotic freedom in the ultraviolet domain. Adapting the multiscale decomposition characteristic of the Wilsonean renormgroup, the proposed Ansatz for the loop-average is composed in order to sew, along the lines of the bootstrap approach, the large N weak-coupling series for high-momentum modes with the $N\\to{\\infty}$ limit of the recently suggested stringy representation of the 1/N strong-coupling expansion Dub4 applied to low-momentum excitations. The resulting low-energy stringy theory can be described through such superrenormalizable deformation of the noncritical Liouville string that, being devoid of ultraviolet divergences, does not possess propagating degrees of freedom at short-distance scales $<<1/{\\sqrt{\\sigma_{ph}}}$, where $\\sigma_{ph}\\sim{(\\Lambda_{QCD})^{2}}$ is the physical s...

  17. Reflection statistics of weakly disordered optical medium when its mean refractive index is different from an outside medium

    OpenAIRE

    Pradhan, Prabhakar; Park, Daniel John; Capoglu, Ilker; Subramanian, Hariharan; Damania, Dhwanil; Cherkezyan, Lusik; Taflove, Allen; Backman, Vadim

    2015-01-01

    Based on the difference between mean background of an optical sample refractive index n_0 and an outside medium, n_out, different than n_0, we study the reflection statistics of a one-dimensional weakly disordered optical medium with refractive index n(x)=n_0+dn(x). Considering dn(x) as color noise with the exponential spatial correlation decay length l_c and k as the incident wave vector, our results show that for the small correlation length limit, i.e. k*l_c

  18. Asymptotically Safe Dark Matter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sannino, Francesco; Shoemaker, Ian M.

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a new paradigm for dark matter (DM) interactions in which the interaction strength is asymptotically safe. In models of this type, the coupling strength is small at low energies but increases at higher energies, and asymptotically approaches a finite constant value. The resulting...... searches are the primary ways to constrain or discover asymptotically safe dark matter....

  19. Asymptotically Safe Dark Matter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sannino, Francesco; Shoemaker, Ian M.

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a new paradigm for dark matter (DM) interactions in which the interaction strength is asymptotically safe. In models of this type, the coupling strength is small at low energies but increases at higher energies, and asymptotically approaches a finite constant value. The resulting...... searches are the primary ways to constrain or discover asymptotically safe dark matter....

  20. Absence of localization in disordered two-dimensional electron gas at weak magnetic field and strong spin-orbit coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Ying; Wang, C.; Avishai, Y.; Meir, Yigal; Wang, X. R.

    2016-09-01

    The one-parameter scaling theory of localization predicts that all states in a disordered two-dimensional system with broken time reversal symmetry are localized even in the presence of strong spin-orbit coupling. While at constant strong magnetic fields this paradigm fails (recall the quantum Hall effect), it is believed to hold at weak magnetic fields. Here we explore the nature of quantum states at weak magnetic field and strongly fluctuating spin-orbit coupling, employing highly accurate numerical procedure based on level spacing distribution and transfer matrix technique combined with one parameter finite-size scaling hypothesis. Remarkably, the metallic phase, (known to exist at zero magnetic field), persists also at finite (albeit weak) magnetic fields, and eventually crosses over into a critical phase, which has already been confirmed at high magnetic fields. A schematic phase diagram drawn in the energy-magnetic field plane elucidates the occurrence of localized, metallic and critical phases. In addition, it is shown that nearest-level statistics is determined solely by the symmetry parameter β and follows the Wigner surmise irrespective of whether states are metallic or critical.

  1. The value of 'positive' clinical signs for weakness, sensory and gait disorders in conversion disorder: a systematic and narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daum, Corinna; Hubschmid, Monica; Aybek, Selma

    2014-02-01

    Experts in the field of conversion disorder have suggested for the upcoming DSM-V edition to put less weight on the associated psychological factors and to emphasise the role of clinical findings. Indeed, a critical step in reaching a diagnosis of conversion disorder is careful bedside neurological examination, aimed at excluding organic signs and identifying 'positive' signs suggestive of a functional disorder. These positive signs are well known to all trained neurologists but their validity is still not established. The aim of this study is to provide current evidence regarding their sensitivity and specificity. We conducted a systematic search on motor, sensory and gait functional signs in Embase, Medline, PsycINfo from 1965 to June 2012. Studies in English, German or French reporting objective data on more than 10 participants in a controlled design were included in a systematic review. Other relevant signs are discussed in a narrative review. Eleven controlled studies (out of 147 eligible articles) describing 14 signs (7 motor, 5 sensory, 2 gait) reported low sensitivity of 8-100% but high specificity of 92-100%. Studies were evidence class III, only two had a blinded design and none reported on inter-rater reliability of the signs. Clinical signs for functional neurological symptoms are numerous but only 14 have been validated; overall they have low sensitivity but high specificity and their use should thus be recommended, especially with the introduction of the new DSM-V criteria.

  2. Pre- and Perinatal Risk for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Does Neuropsychological Weakness Explain the Link?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggs, Kelsey; Elmore, Alexis L; Nigg, Joel T; Nikolas, Molly A

    2016-11-01

    Etiological investigations of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behavior problems support multiple causal pathways, including involvement of pre- and perinatal risk factors. Because these risks occur early in life, well before observable ADHD and externalizing symptoms emerge, the relation between risk and symptoms may be mediated by neurodevelopmental effects that manifest later in neuropsychological functioning. However, potential dissociable effects of pre/perinatal risk elements on ADHD and familial confounds must also be considered to test alternative hypotheses. 498 youth aged 6-17 years (55.0 % male) completed a multi-stage, multi-informant assessment including parent and teacher symptom reports of symptoms and parent ratings of pre/perinatal health risk indicators. Youth completed a neuropsychological testing battery. Multiple mediation models examined direct effects of pre- and perinatal health risk on ADHD and other disruptive behavior disorder symptoms and indirect effects via neuropsychological functioning. Parental ADHD symptoms and externalizing status was covaried to control for potential familial effects. Effects of prenatal substance exposure on inattention were mediated by memory span and temporal processing deficits. Further, effects of perinatal health risk on inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and ODD were mediated by deficits in response variability and temporal processing. Further, maternal health risks during pregnancy appeared to exert direct rather than indirect effects on outcomes. Results suggest that after controlling for familial relatedness of ADHD between parent and child, early developmental health risks may influence ADHD via effects on neuropsychological processes underpinning the disorder.

  3. Between order and disorder: a 'weak law' on recent electoral behavior among urban voters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borghesi, Christian; Chiche, Jean; Nadal, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    A new viewpoint on electoral involvement is proposed from the study of the statistics of the proportions of abstentionists, blank and null, and votes according to list of choices, in a large number of national elections in different countries. Considering 11 countries without compulsory voting (Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Switzerland), a stylized fact emerges for the most populated cities when one computes the entropy associated to the three ratios, which we call the entropy of civic involvement of the electorate. The distribution of this entropy (over all elections and countries) appears to be sharply peaked near a common value. This almost common value is typically shared since the 1970s by electorates of the most populated municipalities, and this despite the wide disparities between voting systems and types of elections. Performing different statistical analyses, we notably show that this stylized fact reveals particular correlations between the blank/null votes and abstentionists ratios. We suggest that the existence of this hidden regularity, which we propose to coin as a 'weak law on recent electoral behavior among urban voters', reveals an emerging collective behavioral norm characteristic of urban citizen voting behavior in modern democracies. Analyzing exceptions to the rule provides insights into the conditions under which this normative behavior can be expected to occur.

  4. Between Order and Disorder: A ‘Weak Law’ on Recent Electoral Behavior among Urban Voters?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borghesi, Christian; Chiche, Jean; Nadal, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    A new viewpoint on electoral involvement is proposed from the study of the statistics of the proportions of abstentionists, blank and null, and votes according to list of choices, in a large number of national elections in different countries. Considering 11 countries without compulsory voting (Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Switzerland), a stylized fact emerges for the most populated cities when one computes the entropy associated to the three ratios, which we call the entropy of civic involvement of the electorate. The distribution of this entropy (over all elections and countries) appears to be sharply peaked near a common value. This almost common value is typically shared since the 1970s by electorates of the most populated municipalities, and this despite the wide disparities between voting systems and types of elections. Performing different statistical analyses, we notably show that this stylized fact reveals particular correlations between the blank/null votes and abstentionists ratios. We suggest that the existence of this hidden regularity, which we propose to coin as a ‘weak law on recent electoral behavior among urban voters’, reveals an emerging collective behavioral norm characteristic of urban citizen voting behavior in modern democracies. Analyzing exceptions to the rule provides insights into the conditions under which this normative behavior can be expected to occur. PMID:22848365

  5. Reflection statistics of weakly disordered optical medium when its mean refractive index is different from an outside medium

    CERN Document Server

    Pradhan, Prabhakar; Capoglu, Ilker; Subramanian, Hariharan; Damania, Dhwanil; Cherkezyan, Lusik; Taflove, Allen; Backman, Vadim

    2015-01-01

    Based on the difference between mean background of an optical sample refractive index n_0 and an outside medium, n_out, different than n_0, we study the reflection statistics of a one-dimensional weakly disordered optical medium with refractive index n(x)=n_0+dn(x). Considering dn(x) as color noise with the exponential spatial correlation decay length l_c and k as the incident wave vector, our results show that for the small correlation length limit, i.e. k*l_c proportional to l_c. However, the standard deviation of r is proven to be std(r(dn,l_c)) proportional to sqrt(l_c), which is different from the matched case. Applications to light scattering from layered media and biological cells are discussed

  6. Weak network efficiency in young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence from a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yanwei; Yu, Dongchuan

    2016-10-01

    Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is particularly suited for the young population and ecological measurement. However, thus far, not enough effort has been given to the clinical diagnosis of young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) by using fNIRS. The current study provided some insights into the quantitative analysis of functional networks in young children (ages 4.8-8.0years old) with and without ASD and, in particular, investigated the network efficiency and lobe-level connectivity of their functional networks while watching a cartoon. The main results included that: (i) Weak network efficiency was observed in young children with ASD, even for a wide range of threshold for the binarization of functional networks; (ii) A maximum classification accuracy rate of 83.3% was obtained for all participants by using the k-means clustering method with network efficiencies as the feature parameters; and (iii) Weak lobe-level inter-region connections were uncovered in the right prefrontal cortex, including its linkages with the left prefrontal cortex and the bilateral temporal cortex. Such results indicate that the right prefrontal cortex might make a major contribution to the psychopathology of young children with ASD at the functional network architecture level, and at the functional lobe-connectivity level, respectively.

  7. Individual common variants exert weak effects on the risk for autism spectrum disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anney, Richard; Klei, Lambertus; Pinto, Dalila; Almeida, Joana; Bacchelli, Elena; Baird, Gillian; Bolshakova, Nadia; Bölte, Sven; Bolton, Patrick F.; Bourgeron, Thomas; Brennan, Sean; Brian, Jessica; Casey, Jillian; Conroy, Judith; Correia, Catarina; Corsello, Christina; Crawford, Emily L.; de Jonge, Maretha; Delorme, Richard; Duketis, Eftichia; Duque, Frederico; Estes, Annette; Farrar, Penny; Fernandez, Bridget A.; Folstein, Susan E.; Fombonne, Eric; Gilbert, John; Gillberg, Christopher; Glessner, Joseph T.; Green, Andrew; Green, Jonathan; Guter, Stephen J.; Heron, Elizabeth A.; Holt, Richard; Howe, Jennifer L.; Hughes, Gillian; Hus, Vanessa; Igliozzi, Roberta; Jacob, Suma; Kenny, Graham P.; Kim, Cecilia; Kolevzon, Alexander; Kustanovich, Vlad; Lajonchere, Clara M.; Lamb, Janine A.; Law-Smith, Miriam; Leboyer, Marion; Le Couteur, Ann; Leventhal, Bennett L.; Liu, Xiao-Qing; Lombard, Frances; Lord, Catherine; Lotspeich, Linda; Lund, Sabata C.; Magalhaes, Tiago R.; Mantoulan, Carine; McDougle, Christopher J.; Melhem, Nadine M.; Merikangas, Alison; Minshew, Nancy J.; Mirza, Ghazala K.; Munson, Jeff; Noakes, Carolyn; Nygren, Gudrun; Papanikolaou, Katerina; Pagnamenta, Alistair T.; Parrini, Barbara; Paton, Tara; Pickles, Andrew; Posey, David J.; Poustka, Fritz; Ragoussis, Jiannis; Regan, Regina; Roberts, Wendy; Roeder, Kathryn; Roge, Bernadette; Rutter, Michael L.; Schlitt, Sabine; Shah, Naisha; Sheffield, Val C.; Soorya, Latha; Sousa, Inês; Stoppioni, Vera; Sykes, Nuala; Tancredi, Raffaella; Thompson, Ann P.; Thomson, Susanne; Tryfon, Ana; Tsiantis, John; Van Engeland, Herman; Vincent, John B.; Volkmar, Fred; Vorstman, JAS; Wallace, Simon; Wing, Kirsty; Wittemeyer, Kerstin; Wood, Shawn; Zurawiecki, Danielle; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bailey, Anthony J.; Battaglia, Agatino; Cantor, Rita M.; Coon, Hilary; Cuccaro, Michael L.; Dawson, Geraldine; Ennis, Sean; Freitag, Christine M.; Geschwind, Daniel H.; Haines, Jonathan L.; Klauck, Sabine M.; McMahon, William M.; Maestrini, Elena; Miller, Judith; Monaco, Anthony P.; Nelson, Stanley F.; Nurnberger, John I.; Oliveira, Guiomar; Parr, Jeremy R.; Pericak-Vance, Margaret A.; Piven, Joseph; Schellenberg, Gerard D.; Scherer, Stephen W.; Vicente, Astrid M.; Wassink, Thomas H.; Wijsman, Ellen M.; Betancur, Catalina; Buxbaum, Joseph D.; Cook, Edwin H.; Gallagher, Louise; Gill, Michael; Hallmayer, Joachim; Paterson, Andrew D.; Sutcliffe, James S.; Szatmari, Peter; Vieland, Veronica J.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Devlin, Bernie

    2012-01-01

    While it is apparent that rare variation can play an important role in the genetic architecture of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), the contribution of common variation to the risk of developing ASD is less clear. To produce a more comprehensive picture, we report Stage 2 of the Autism Genome Project genome-wide association study, adding 1301 ASD families and bringing the total to 2705 families analysed (Stages 1 and 2). In addition to evaluating the association of individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), we also sought evidence that common variants, en masse, might affect the risk. Despite genotyping over a million SNPs covering the genome, no single SNP shows significant association with ASD or selected phenotypes at a genome-wide level. The SNP that achieves the smallest P-value from secondary analyses is rs1718101. It falls in CNTNAP2, a gene previously implicated in susceptibility for ASD. This SNP also shows modest association with age of word/phrase acquisition in ASD subjects, of interest because features of language development are also associated with other variation in CNTNAP2. In contrast, allele scores derived from the transmission of common alleles to Stage 1 cases significantly predict case status in the independent Stage 2 sample. Despite being significant, the variance explained by these allele scores was small (Vm< 1%). Based on results from individual SNPs and their en masse effect on risk, as inferred from the allele score results, it is reasonable to conclude that common variants affect the risk for ASD but their individual effects are modest. PMID:22843504

  8. Asymptotics of Random Contractions

    CERN Document Server

    Hashorva, Enkelejd; Tang, Qihe

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of random contractions $X=RS$, where $R$, with distribution function $F$, is a positive random variable independent of $S\\in (0,1)$. Random contractions appear naturally in insurance and finance. Our principal contribution is the derivation of the tail asymptotics of $X$ assuming that $F$ is in the max-domain of attraction of an extreme value distribution and the distribution function of $S$ satisfies a regular variation property. We apply our result to derive the asymptotics of the probability of ruin for a particular discrete-time risk model. Further we quantify in our asymptotic setting the effect of the random scaling on the Conditional Tail Expectations, risk aggregation, and derive the joint asymptotic distribution of linear combinations of random contractions.

  9. ASYMPTOTIC QUANTIZATION OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Klaus P(o)tzelberger

    2003-01-01

    We give a brief introduction to results on the asymptotics of quantization errors.The topics discussed include the quantization dimension,asymptotic distributions of sets of prototypes,asymptotically optimal quantizations,approximations and random quantizations.

  10. Reflection statistics of weakly disordered optical medium when its mean refractive index is different from an outside medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradhan, Prabhakar; John Park, Daniel; Capoglu, Ilker; Subramanian, Hariharan; Damania, Dhwanil; Cherkezyan, Lusik; Taflove, Allen; Backman, Vadim

    2017-06-01

    Statistical properties of light waves reflected from a one-dimensional (1D) disordered optical medium [n(x) = n0+ dn(x), dn(x)>=0] have been well studied, however, most of the studies have focused on the situation when the mean refractive index of the optical medium matched with the outside medium, i.e., n0= nout=1. Further, considering dn(x) as a Gaussian color noise refractive index medium with exponential spatial correlation decay length lc and k as the incident wave vector, it has been shown that for smaller correlation length limit, i.e., klc and std of r, σ(r), have same value, and they follow the relation = σ(r) ∝ dn2> lc. However, when the refractive index of the sample medium is different from the outside medium, the reflection statistics may have interesting features, which has not been well studied or understood. We studied the reflection statistics of a 1D weakly disordered optical medium with the mean background refractive index n0 being different from the outside medium nout (≠n0), to see the effect of mismatching (i.e., value of n0- nout) on the reflection statistics. In the mismatched case, the results show that the mean reflection coefficient follows a form similar to that of the matched refractive-index case, i.e., dn, lc)>∝ dn2> lc, with a linear increased shift, which is due to 1D uniform background reflection from a slab. However, σ(r) is shown to be σ(r) ∝ (dn2>lc)1/2, which is different from the matched case. This change in std of r is attributed to the interference between the mismatched-crerated edge mediated multiple scattering that are coupled with the random scattering. Applications to light scattering from random layered media and biological cells are discussed.

  11. Nonstandard asymptotic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Berg, Imme

    1987-01-01

    This research monograph considers the subject of asymptotics from a nonstandard view point. It is intended both for classical asymptoticists - they will discover a new approach to problems very familiar to them - and for nonstandard analysts but includes topics of general interest, like the remarkable behaviour of Taylor polynomials of elementary functions. Noting that within nonstandard analysis, "small", "large", and "domain of validity of asymptotic behaviour" have a precise meaning, a nonstandard alternative to classical asymptotics is developed. Special emphasis is given to applications in numerical approximation by convergent and divergent expansions: in the latter case a clear asymptotic answer is given to the problem of optimal approximation, which is valid for a large class of functions including many special functions. The author's approach is didactical. The book opens with a large introductory chapter which can be read without much knowledge of nonstandard analysis. Here the main features of the t...

  12. ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR FOR COMMUTATIVE SEMIGROUPS OF ALMOST ASYMPTOTICALLY NONEXPANSIVE TYPE MAPPINGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Luchuan

    2006-01-01

    This article introduces the concept of commutative semigroups of almost asymptotically nonexpansive-type mappings in a Ban ach space X which has the Opial property and whose norm is UKK, and establishes the weak convergence theorems for almostorbits of this class of commutative semigroups. The author improves, extends and develops some recent and earlier results.

  13. Involatile nanodroplets: an asymptotic analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarymowycz, Lucien B; Ortoleva, Peter J

    2006-06-21

    The structure of nanometer-scale droplets of weakly volatile liquids arises through the interplay of strong intermolecular attraction, and core intermolecular repulsion, interfacial forces, and the large, negative chemical potential of the low density vapor with which it is in equilibrium. Using a van der Waals equation of state and a mesoscopic multiphase model, the structure of such nanodroplets is determined via an asymptotic analysis in terms of the ambient to critical temperature ratio. The structure of a spherical droplet is obtained as the solution of a simple "shooting" problem. The intradroplet pressure profile and a minimal droplet size are determined. The high pressure in the core of the droplet gives evidence for the preferred melting there for systems like water with a negative volume of melting. Our methodology can be generalized to multiphase droplets, as well as to composite structures wherein viruses or other nanoparticles are embedded.

  14. Theorems for Asymptotic Safety of Gauge Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Bond, Andrew D

    2016-01-01

    We classify the weakly interacting fixed points of general gauge theories coupled to matter and explain how the competition between gauge and matter fluctuations gives rise to a rich spectrum of high- and low-energy fixed points. The pivotal role played by Yukawa couplings is emphasized. Necessary and sufficient conditions for asymptotic safety of gauge theories are also derived, in conjunction with strict no go theorems. Implications for phase diagrams of gauge theories and physics beyond the Standard Model are indicated.

  15. Theorems for asymptotic safety of gauge theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bond, Andrew D.; Litim, Daniel F. [University of Sussex, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brighton (United Kingdom)

    2017-06-15

    We classify the weakly interacting fixed points of general gauge theories coupled to matter and explain how the competition between gauge and matter fluctuations gives rise to a rich spectrum of high- and low-energy fixed points. The pivotal role played by Yukawa couplings is emphasised. Necessary and sufficient conditions for asymptotic safety of gauge theories are also derived, in conjunction with strict no go theorems. Implications for phase diagrams of gauge theories and physics beyond the Standard Model are indicated. (orig.)

  16. Computation and Asymptotics

    CERN Document Server

    Ramnath, Rudrapatna V

    2012-01-01

    This book addresses the task of computation from the standpoint of asymptotic analysis and multiple scales that may be inherent in the system dynamics being studied. This is in contrast to the usual methods of numerical analysis and computation. The technical literature is replete with numerical methods such as Runge-Kutta approach and its variations, finite element methods, and so on. However, not much attention has been given to asymptotic methods for computation, although such approaches have been widely applied with great success in the analysis of dynamic systems. The presence of differen

  17. Asymptotic freedom, asymptotic flatness and cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Kiritsis, Elias

    2013-01-01

    Holographic RG flows in some cases are known to be related to cosmological solutions. In this paper another example of such correspondence is provided. Holographic RG flows giving rise to asymptotically-free $\\beta$-functions have been analyzed in connection with holographic models of QCD. They are shown upon Wick rotation to provide a large class of inflationary models with logarithmically soft inflaton potentials. The scalar spectral index is universal and depends only on the number of e-foldings. The ratio of tensor to scalar power depends on the single extra real parameter that defines this class of models. The Starobinsky inflationary model as well as the recently proposed models of T-inflation are members of this class. The holographic setup gives a completely new (and contrasting) view to the stability and other problems of such inflationary models.

  18. 轴向运动三参数黏弹性梁弱受迫振动的渐近分析%Asymptotic Analysis on Weakly Forced Vibration of an Axially Moving Viscoelastic Beam Constituted by Standard Linear Solid Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波

    2012-01-01

    研究了轴向运动三参数黏弹性梁的弱受迫振动.建立了轴向运动三参数黏弹性梁受迫振动的控制方程.使用多尺度法渐近分析了运动梁的稳态响应,导出了解稳定性边界方程、稳态振幅的表达式以及稳态响应非零解的存在条件.依据Routh-Hurwitz定律决定了非线性稳态响应非零解的稳定性.%The weakly forced vibration of an axially moving viscoelastic beam was investigated.The viscoelastic material of beams was constituted by the standard linear solid model with the material time derivative involved.The nonlinear equations governing the transverse vibration were derived from dynamical,constitutive,and geometrical relations.The method of multiple scales was applied to determine the steady-state response.The modulation equation was derived from the solvability condition of eliminating secular terms.Closed-form expressions of the amplitude and existence condition of nontrivial steady-state response were derived from the modulation equation.The stability of nontrivial steady-state response was examined via Routh-Hurwitz criterion.

  19. Facial-muscle weakness, speech disorders and dysphagia are common in patients with classic infantile Pompe disease treated with enzyme therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gelder, C M; van Capelle, C I; Ebbink, B J; Moor-van Nugteren, I; van den Hout, J M P; Hakkesteegt, M M; van Doorn, P A; de Coo, I F M; Reuser, A J J; de Gier, H H W; van der Ploeg, A T

    2012-05-01

    Classic infantile Pompe disease is an inherited generalized glycogen storage disorder caused by deficiency of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase. If left untreated, patients die before one year of age. Although enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) has significantly prolonged lifespan, it has also revealed new aspects of the disease. For up to 11 years, we investigated the frequency and consequences of facial-muscle weakness, speech disorders and dysphagia in long-term survivors. Sequential photographs were used to determine the timing and severity of facial-muscle weakness. Using standardized articulation tests and fibreoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing, we investigated speech and swallowing function in a subset of patients. This study included 11 patients with classic infantile Pompe disease. Median age at the start of ERT was 2.4 months (range 0.1-8.3 months), and median age at the end of the study was 4.3 years (range 7.7 months -12.2 years). All patients developed facial-muscle weakness before the age of 15 months. Speech was studied in four patients. Articulation was disordered, with hypernasal resonance and reduced speech intelligibility in all four. Swallowing function was studied in six patients, the most important findings being ineffective swallowing with residues of food (5/6), penetration or aspiration (3/6), and reduced pharyngeal and/or laryngeal sensibility (2/6). We conclude that facial-muscle weakness, speech disorders and dysphagia are common in long-term survivors receiving ERT for classic infantile Pompe disease. To improve speech and reduce the risk for aspiration, early treatment by a speech therapist and regular swallowing assessments are recommended.

  20. Asymptotic Stability of Uniformly Bounded Nonlinear Switched Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Jouan, Philippe; Naciri, Said

    2012-01-01

    We study the asymptotic stability properties of nonlinear switched systems under the assumption of the existence of a common weak Lyapunov function. We consider the class of nonchaotic inputs, which generalize the different notions of inputs with dwell-time, and the class of general ones. For each of them we provide some sufficient conditions for asymptotic stability in terms of the geometry of certain sets. The results, which extend those of Balde, Jouan about linear systems, are illustrated...

  1. Asymptotic freedom of Yang-Mills theory with gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Folkerts, Sarah; Pawlowski, Jan M

    2011-01-01

    We study the high energy behaviour of Yang-Mills theory under the inclusion of gravity. In the weak-gravity limit, the running gauge coupling receives no contribution from the gravitational sector, if all symmetries are preserved. This holds true with and without cosmological constant. We also show that asymptotic freedom persists in general field-theory-based gravity scenarios including gravitational shielding as well as asymptotically safe gravity.

  2. Asymptotic freedom of Yang-Mills theory with gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Folkerts, Sarah, E-mail: Sarah.Folkerts@physik.uni-muenchen.de [Institut f. Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Litim, Daniel F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH (United Kingdom); Pawlowski, Jan M. [Institut f. Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); ExtreMe Matter Inst. EMMI, GSI, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2012-03-19

    We study the behaviour of Yang-Mills theory under the inclusion of gravity. In the weak-gravity limit, the running gauge coupling receives no contribution from the gravitational sector, if all symmetries are preserved. This holds true with and without cosmological constant. We also show that asymptotic freedom persists in general field-theory-based gravity scenarios including gravitational shielding as well as asymptotically safe gravity.

  3. Asymptotically hyperbolic connections

    CERN Document Server

    Fine, Joel; Krasnov, Kirill; Scarinci, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    General Relativity in 4 dimensions can be equivalently described as a dynamical theory of SO(3)-connections rather than metrics. We introduce the notion of asymptotically hyperbolic connections, and work out an analog of the Fefferman-Graham expansion in the language of connections. As in the metric setup, one can solve the arising "evolution" equations order by order in the expansion in powers of the radial coordinate. The solution in the connection setting is arguably simpler, and very straightforward algebraic manipulations allow one to see how the obstruction appears at third order in the expansion. Another interesting feature of the connection formulation is that the "counter terms" required in the computation of the renormalised volume all combine into the Chern-Simons functional of the restriction of the connection to the boundary. As the Chern-Simons invariant is only defined modulo large gauge transformations, the requirement that the path integral over asymptotically hyperbolic connections is well-d...

  4. Asymptotic safety guaranteed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Litim, Daniel F.; Sannino, Francesco

    2014-01-01

    We study the ultraviolet behaviour of four-dimensional quantum field theories involving non-abelian gauge fields, fermions and scalars in the Veneziano limit. In a regime where asymptotic freedom is lost, we explain how the three types of fields cooperate to develop fully interacting ultraviolet ...... fixed points, strictly controlled by perturbation theory. Extensions towards strong coupling and beyond the large-N limit are discussed.......We study the ultraviolet behaviour of four-dimensional quantum field theories involving non-abelian gauge fields, fermions and scalars in the Veneziano limit. In a regime where asymptotic freedom is lost, we explain how the three types of fields cooperate to develop fully interacting ultraviolet...

  5. Thermal conductivity of nonlinear waves in disordered chains

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sergej Flach; Mikhail Ivanchenko; Nianbei Li

    2011-11-01

    We present computational data on the thermal conductivity of nonlinear waves in disordered chains. Disorder induces Anderson localization for linear waves and results in a vanishing conductivity. Cubic nonlinearity restores normal conductivity, but with a strongly temperature-dependent conductivity (). We find indications for an asymptotic low-temperature ∼ 4 and intermediate temperature ∼ 2 laws. These findings are in accord with theoretical studies of wave packet spreading, where a regime of strong chaos is found to be intermediate, followed by an asymptotic regime of weak chaos (Laptyeva et al, Europhys. Lett. 91, 30001 (2010)).

  6. Asymptotic safety guaranteed

    CERN Document Server

    Litim, Daniel F

    2014-01-01

    We study the ultraviolet behaviour of four-dimensional quantum field theories involving non-abelian gauge fields, fermions and scalars in the Veneziano limit. In a regime where asymptotic freedom is lost, we explain how the three types of fields cooperate to develop fully interacting ultraviolet fixed points, strictly controlled by perturbation theory. Extensions towards strong coupling and beyond the large-N limit are discussed.

  7. Asymptotically hyperbolic connections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Joel; Herfray, Yannick; Krasnov, Kirill; Scarinci, Carlos

    2016-09-01

    General relativity in four-dimensions can be equivalently described as a dynamical theory of {SO}(3)˜ {SU}(2)-connections rather than metrics. We introduce the notion of asymptotically hyperbolic connections, and work out an analogue of the Fefferman-Graham expansion in the language of connections. As in the metric setup, one can solve the arising ‘evolution’ equations order by order in the expansion in powers of the radial coordinate. The solution in the connection setting is arguably simpler, and very straightforward algebraic manipulations allow one to see how the unconstrained by Einstein equations ‘stress-energy tensor’ appears at third order in the expansion. Another interesting feature of the connection formulation is that the ‘counter terms’ required in the computation of the renormalised volume all combine into the Chern-Simons functional of the restriction of the connection to the boundary. As the Chern-Simons invariant is only defined modulo large gauge transformations, the requirement that the path integral over asymptotically hyperbolic connections is well-defined requires the cosmological constant to be quantised. Finally, in the connection setting one can deform the 4D Einstein condition in an interesting way, and we show that asymptotically hyperbolic connection expansion is universal and valid for any of the deformed theories.

  8. Composite asymptotic expansions

    CERN Document Server

    Fruchard, Augustin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of these lecture notes is to develop a theory of asymptotic expansions for functions involving two variables, while at the same time using functions involving one variable and functions of the quotient of these two variables. Such composite asymptotic expansions (CAsEs) are particularly well-suited to describing solutions of singularly perturbed ordinary differential equations near turning points. CAsEs imply inner and outer expansions near turning points. Thus our approach is closely related to the method of matched asymptotic expansions. CAsEs offer two unique advantages, however. First, they provide uniform expansions near a turning point and away from it. Second, a Gevrey version of CAsEs is available and detailed in the lecture notes. Three problems are presented in which CAsEs are useful. The first application concerns canard solutions near a multiple turning point. The second application concerns so-called non-smooth or angular canard solutions. Finally an Ackerberg-O’Malley resonance pro...

  9. Asymptotic black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Pei-Ming

    2017-04-01

    Following earlier works on the KMY model of black-hole formation and evaporation, we construct the metric for a matter sphere in gravitational collapse, with the back-reaction of pre-Hawking radiation taken into consideration. The mass distribution and collapsing velocity of the matter sphere are allowed to have an arbitrary radial dependence. We find that a generic gravitational collapse asymptote to a universal configuration which resembles a black hole but without horizon. This approach clarifies several misunderstandings about black-hole formation and evaporation, and provides a new model for black-hole-like objects in the universe.

  10. Asymptotic Black Holes

    CERN Document Server

    Ho, Pei-Ming

    2016-01-01

    Following earlier works on the KMY model of black-hole formation and evaporation, we construct the metric for a matter sphere in gravitational collapse, with the back-reaction of pre-Hawking radiation taken into consideration. The mass distribution and collapsing velocity of the matter sphere are allowed to have an arbitrary radial dependence. We find that a generic gravitational collapse asymptote to a universal configuration which resembles a black hole but without horizon. This approach clarifies several misunderstandings about black-hole formation and evaporation, and provides a new model for black-hole-like objects in the universe.

  11. Asymptotics of thermal spectral functions

    CERN Document Server

    Caron-Huot, S

    2009-01-01

    We use operator product expansion (OPE) techniques to study the spectral functions of currents at finite temperature, in the high-energy time-like region $\\omega\\gg T$. The leading corrections to the spectral function of currents and stress tensors are proportional to $\\sim T^4$ expectation values in general, and the leading corrections $\\sim g^2T^4$ are calculated at weak coupling, up to one undetermined coefficient in the shear viscosity channel. Spectral functions in the asymptotic regime are shown to be infrared safe up to order $g^8T^4$. The convergence of sum rules in the shear and bulk viscosity channels is established in QCD to all orders in perturbation theory, though numerically significant tails $\\sim T^4/(\\log\\omega)^3$ are shown to exist in the bulk viscosity channel and to have an impact on sum rules recently proposed by Kharzeev and Tuchin. We argue that the spectral functions of currents and stress tensors in strongly coupled $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills do not receive any medium-dependent...

  12. Research on temperature profiles of honeycomb regenerator with asymptotic analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AI Yuan-fang; MEI Chi; HUANG Guo-dong; JIANG Shao-jian; CHEN Hong-rong

    2006-01-01

    An asymptotic semi-analytical method for heat transfer in counter-flow honeycomb regenerator is proposed. By introducing a combined heat-transfer coefficient between the gas and solid phase, a heat transfer model is built based on the thin-walled assumption. The dimensionless thermal equation is deduced by considering solid heat conduction along the passage length. The asymptotic analysis is used for the small parameter of heat conduction term in equation. The first order asymptotic solution to temperature distribution under weak solid heat conduction is achieved after Laplace transformation through the multiple scales method and the symbolic manipulation function in MATLAB. Semi-analytical solutions agree with tests and finite-difference numerical results. It is proved possible for the asymptotic analysis to improve the effectiveness, economics and precision of thermal research on regenerator.

  13. Robust methods and asymptotic theory in nonlinear econometrics

    CERN Document Server

    Bierens, Herman J

    1981-01-01

    This Lecture Note deals with asymptotic properties, i.e. weak and strong consistency and asymptotic normality, of parameter estimators of nonlinear regression models and nonlinear structural equations under various assumptions on the distribution of the data. The estimation methods involved are nonlinear least squares estimation (NLLSE), nonlinear robust M-estimation (NLRME) and non­ linear weighted robust M-estimation (NLWRME) for the regression case and nonlinear two-stage least squares estimation (NL2SLSE) and a new method called minimum information estimation (MIE) for the case of structural equations. The asymptotic properties of the NLLSE and the two robust M-estimation methods are derived from further elaborations of results of Jennrich. Special attention is payed to the comparison of the asymptotic efficiency of NLLSE and NLRME. It is shown that if the tails of the error distribution are fatter than those of the normal distribution NLRME is more efficient than NLLSE. The NLWRME method is appropriate ...

  14. Asymptotic Symmetries from finite boxes

    CERN Document Server

    Andrade, Tomas

    2015-01-01

    It is natural to regulate an infinite-sized system by imposing a boundary condition at finite distance, placing the system in a "box." This breaks symmetries, though the breaking is small when the box is large. One should thus be able to obtain the asymptotic symmetries of the infinite system by studying regulated systems. We provide concrete examples in the context of Einstein-Hilbert gravity (with negative or zero cosmological constant) by showing in 4 or more dimensions how the Anti-de Sitter and Poincar\\'e asymptotic symmetries can be extracted from gravity in a spherical box with Dirichlet boundary conditions. In 2+1 dimensions we obtain the full double-Virasoro algebra of asymptotic symmetries for AdS$_3$ and, correspondingly, the full Bondi-Metzner-Sachs (BMS) algebra for asymptotically flat space. In higher dimensions, a related approach may continue to be useful for constructing a good asymptotically flat phase space with BMS asymptotic symmetries.

  15. Combining Strengths and Weaknesses in Visual Perception of Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: Perceptual Matching of Facial Expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evers, Kris; Noens, Ilse; Steyaert, Jean; Wagemans, Johan

    2011-01-01

    Background: Children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are known to have an atypical visual perception, with deficits in automatic Gestalt formation and an enhanced processing of visual details. In addition, they are sometimes found to have difficulties in emotion processing. Methods: In three experiments, we investigated whether 7-to-11-year…

  16. Thermodynamics of Asymptotically Conical Geometries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvetič, Mirjam; Gibbons, Gary W; Saleem, Zain H

    2015-06-12

    We study the thermodynamical properties of a class of asymptotically conical geometries known as "subtracted geometries." We derive the mass and angular momentum from the regulated Komar integral and the Hawking-Horowitz prescription and show that they are equivalent. By deriving the asymptotic charges, we show that the Smarr formula and the first law of thermodynamics hold. We also propose an analog of Christodulou-Ruffini inequality. The analysis can be generalized to other asymptotically conical geometries.

  17. Asymptotic curved interface models in piezoelectric composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serpilli, Michele

    2016-10-01

    We study the electromechanical behavior of a thin interphase, constituted by a piezoelectric anisotropic shell-like thin layer, embedded between two generic three-dimensional piezoelectric bodies by means of the asymptotic analysis in a general curvilinear framework. After defining a small real dimensionless parameter ε, which will tend to zero, we characterize two different limit models and their associated limit problems, the so-called weak and strong piezoelectric curved interface models, respectively. Moreover, we identify the non-classical electromechanical transmission conditions at the interface between the two three-dimensional bodies.

  18. Rapid Linguistic Ambiguity Resolution in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Eye Tracking Evidence for the Limits of Weak Central Coherence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Noemi; Snedeker, Jesse; Rabagliati, Hugh

    2015-12-01

    Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have often been reported to have difficulty integrating information into its broader context, which has motivated the Weak Central Coherence theory of ASD. In the linguistic domain, evidence for this difficulty comes from reports of impaired use of linguistic context to resolve ambiguous words. However, recent work has suggested that impaired use of linguistic context may not be characteristic of ASD, and is instead better explained by co-occurring language impairments. Here, we provide a strong test of these claims, using the visual world eye tracking paradigm to examine the online mechanisms by which children with autism resolve linguistic ambiguity. To address concerns about both language impairments and compensatory strategies, we used a sample whose verbal skills were strong and whose average age (7; 6) was lower than previous work on lexical ambiguity resolution in ASD. Participants (40 with autism and 40 controls) heard sentences with ambiguous words in contexts that either strongly supported one reading or were consistent with both (John fed/saw the bat). We measured activation of the unintended meaning through implicit semantic priming of an associate (looks to a depicted baseball glove). Contrary to the predictions of weak central coherence, children with ASD, like controls, quickly used context to resolve ambiguity, selecting appropriate meanings within a second. We discuss how these results constrain the generality of weak central coherence.

  19. WEAK CONVERGENCE OF HENSTOCK INTEGRABLE SEQUENCES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LuisaDiPiazza

    1994-01-01

    Some relationships between pointwise and weak convergence of a sequence of Henstock integrable functions are studied, In particular it is provided an example of a sequence of Henstock integrable functions whose pointwise limit is different from the weak one. By introducing an asymptotic version of the Henstock equiintegrability notion it is given a necessary and sufficient condition in order that a pointwisely convergent sequence of Henstock integrable functions is weakly convergent to its pointwise limit.

  20. System of Schwinger-Dyson equations and asymptotic behavior in the Euclidean region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rochev, V. E., E-mail: vladimir.rochev@ihep.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Institute for High Energy Physics (Russian Federation)

    2015-05-15

    A system of Schwinger-Dyson equations for the model of scalar-field interaction is studied in a deep Euclidean region. It is shown that there exists a critical coupling constant that separates the weak-coupling region characterized by the asymptotically free behavior and the strong-coupling region, where the asymptotic behavior of field propagators becomes ultralocal.

  1. Asymptotic Properties of the Maximum Likelihood Estimate in Generalized Linear Models with Stochastic Regressors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jie Li DING; Xi Ru CHEN

    2006-01-01

    For generalized linear models (GLM), in case the regressors are stochastic and have different distributions, the asymptotic properties of the maximum likelihood estimate (MLE)(β^)n of the parameters are studied. Under reasonable conditions, we prove the weak, strong consistency and asymptotic normality of(β^)n.

  2. Convergence results for two asymptotically quasi-I-nonexpansive mappings and equilibrium problem in Banach spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinod Kumar Sahu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we consider an implicit iterative scheme for two asymptotically quasi-I-nonexpansive mappings T1, T2 and two asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mapping I1, I2 in Banach spaces. We prove weak and strong convergence results for considered iteration to common fixed point of such mappings. Our main results improve and compliment some known results.

  3. Hilbert manifold structure for asymptotically hyperbolic relativistic initial data

    CERN Document Server

    Fougeirol, Jérémie

    2016-01-01

    We provide a Hilbert manifold structure {\\`a} la Bartnik for the space of asymptotically hyperbolic initial data for the vacuum constraint equations. The adaptation led us to prove new weighted Poincar{\\'e} and Korn type inequalities for AH manifolds with inner boundary and weakly regular metric.

  4. DISSIPATION AND DISPERSION APPROXIMATION TO HYDRODYNAMICAL EQUATIONS AND ASYMPTOTIC LIMIT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hsiao Ling; Li Hailiang

    2008-01-01

    The compressible Euler equations with dissipation and/or dispersion correction are widely used in the area of applied sciences, for instance, plasma physics,charge transport in semiconductor devices, astrophysics, geophysics, etc. We consider the compressible Euler equation with density-dependent (degenerate) viscosities and capillarity, and investigate the global existence of weak solutions and asymptotic limit.

  5. Asymptotically safe grand unification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajc, Borut; Sannino, Francesco

    2016-12-01

    Phenomenologically appealing supersymmetric grand unified theories have large gauge representations and thus are not asymptotically free. Their ultraviolet validity is limited by the appearance of a Landau pole well before the Planck scale. One could hope that these theories save themselves, before the inclusion of gravity, by generating an interacting ultraviolet fixed point, similar to the one recently discovered in non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories. Employing a-maximization, a-theorem, unitarity bounds, as well as positivity of other central charges we nonperturbatively rule out this possibility for a broad class of prime candidates of phenomenologically relevant supersymmetric grand unified theories. We also uncover candidates passing these tests, which have either exotic matter or contain one field decoupled from the superpotential. The latter class of theories contains a model with the minimal matter content required by phenomenology.

  6. Asymptotically Safe Grand Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Bajc, Borut

    2016-01-01

    Phenomenologically appealing supersymmetric grand unified theories have large gauge representations and thus are not asymptotically free. Their ultraviolet validity is limited by the appearance of a Landau pole well before the Planck scale. One could hope that these theories save themselves, before the inclusion of gravity, by generating an interacting ultraviolet fixed point, similar to the one recently discovered in non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories. Employing a-maximization, a-theorem, unitarity bounds, as well as positivity of other central charges we nonperturbatively rule out this possibility for a broad class of prime candidates of phenomenologically relevant supersymmetric grand unified theories. We also uncover candidates passing these tests, which have either exotic matter or contain one field decoupled from the superpotential. The latter class of theories contains a model with the minimal matter content required by phenomenology.

  7. Weak Convergence and Weak Convergence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narita Keiko

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we deal with weak convergence on sequences in real normed spaces, and weak* convergence on sequences in dual spaces of real normed spaces. In the first section, we proved some topological properties of dual spaces of real normed spaces. We used these theorems for proofs of Section 3. In Section 2, we defined weak convergence and weak* convergence, and proved some properties. By RNS_Real Mizar functor, real normed spaces as real number spaces already defined in the article [18], we regarded sequences of real numbers as sequences of RNS_Real. So we proved the last theorem in this section using the theorem (8 from [25]. In Section 3, we defined weak sequential compactness of real normed spaces. We showed some lemmas for the proof and proved the theorem of weak sequential compactness of reflexive real Banach spaces. We referred to [36], [23], [24] and [3] in the formalization.

  8. On the Convergence of Implicit Iterative Processes for Asymptotically Pseudocontractive Mappings in the Intermediate Sense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolong Qin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An implicit iterative process is considered. Strong and weak convergence theorems of common fixed points of a finite family of asymptotically pseudocontractive mappings in the intermediate sense are established in a real Hilbert space.

  9. Existence and Asymptotic Stability of Solutions for Hyperbolic Differential Inclusions with a Source Term

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Jong Yeoul

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence of global weak solutions for a hyperbolic differential inclusion with a source term, and then investigate the asymptotic stability of the solutions by using Nakao lemma.

  10. Effect of pinning and driving force on the metastability effects in weakly pinned superconductors and the determination of spinodal line pertaining to order-disorder transition

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A D Thakur; S S Banerjee; M J Higgins; S Ramakrishnan; A K Grover

    2006-01-01

    We explore the effect of varying drive on metastability features exhibited by the vortex matter in single crystals of 2H-NbSe2 and CeRu2 with varying degree of random pinning. The metastable nature of vortex matter is reflected in the path dependence of the critical current density, which in turn is probed in a contact-less way via AC-susceptibility measurements. The sinusoidal AC magnetic field applied during AC susceptibility measurements appears to generate a driving force on the vortex matter. In a nascent pinned single crystal of 2H-NbSe2, where the peak effect (PE) pertaining to the order-disorder phenomenon is a sharp first-order-like transition, the supercooling feature below the peak temperature is easily wiped out by the reorganization caused by the AC driving force. In this paper, we elucidate the interplay between the drive and the pinning which can conspire to make the path-dependent AC-susceptibility response of different metastable vortex states appear identical. An optimal balance between the pinning and driving force is needed to view the metastability effects in typically weakly pinned specimen of low temperature superconductors. As one uses samples with larger pinning in order to differentiate the response of different metastable vortex states, one encounters a new phenomenon, viz., the second magnetization peak (SMP) anomaly prior to the PE. Supercooling/superheating can occur across both the PE and the SMP anomalies and both of these are known to display non-linear characteristics as well. Interplay between the path dependence in the critical current density and the non-linearity in the electromagnetic response determine the metastability effects seen in the first and the third harmonic response of the AC susceptibility across the temperature regions of the SMP and the PE. The limiting temperature above which metastability effects cease can be conveniently located in the third harmonic data, and the observed behavior can be rationalized within

  11. A Note on Asymptotic Contractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Arav

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available We provide sufficient conditions for the iterates of an asymptotic contraction on a complete metric space X to converge to its unique fixed point, uniformly on each bounded subset of X.

  12. A Note on Asymptotic Contractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo Santos Francisco Eduardo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide sufficient conditions for the iterates of an asymptotic contraction on a complete metric space to converge to its unique fixed point, uniformly on each bounded subset of .

  13. Weak Force

    CERN Multimedia

    Without the weak force, the sun wouldn't shine. The weak force causes beta decay, a form of radioactivity that triggers nuclear fusion in the heart of the sun. The weak force is unlike other forces: it is characterised by disintegration. In beta decay, a down quark transforms into an up quark and an electron is emitted. Some materials are more radioactive than others because the delicate balance between the strong force and the weak force varies depending on the number of particles in the atomic nucleus. We live in the midst of a natural radioactive background that varies from region to region. For example, in Cornwall where there is a lot of granite, levels of background radiation are much higher than in the Geneva region. Text for the interactive: Move the Geiger counter to find out which samples are radioactive - you may be surprised. It is the weak force that is responsible for the Beta radioactivity here. The electrons emitted do not cross the plastic cover. Why do you think there is some detected radioa...

  14. Asymptotic Dynamics of Monopole Walls

    CERN Document Server

    Cross, R

    2015-01-01

    We determine the asymptotic dynamics of the U(N) doubly periodic BPS monopole in Yang-Mills-Higgs theory, called a monopole wall, by exploring its Higgs curve using the Newton polytope and amoeba. In particular, we show that the monopole wall splits into subwalls when any of its moduli become large. The long-distance gauge and Higgs field interactions of these subwalls are abelian, allowing us to derive an asymptotic metric for the monopole wall moduli space.

  15. Weak Markov Processes as Linear Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gohm, Rolf

    2012-01-01

    A noncommutative Fornasini-Marchesini system (a multi-variable version of a linear system) can be realized within a weak Markov process (a model for quantum evolution). For a discrete time parameter this is worked out systematically as a theory of representations of structure maps of a system by a weak process. We introduce subprocesses and quotient processes which can be described naturally by a suitable category of weak processes. A corresponding notion of cascade for processes induces a represented cascade of systems. We study the control theoretic notion of observability which turns out to be particularly interesting in connection with a cascade structure. As an application we gain new insights into stationary Markov chains where observability for the system is closely related to asymptotic completeness in the scattering theory of the chain. This motivates a general definition of asymptotic completeness in the category of weak processes.

  16. Equivariant spectral asymptotics for h-pseudodifferential operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weich, Tobias

    2014-10-01

    We prove equivariant spectral asymptotics for h-pseudodifferential operators for compact orthogonal group actions generalizing results of El Houakmi and Helffer ["Comportement semi-classique en présence de symétries: Action d'un groupe de Lie compact," Asymp. Anal. 5(2), 91-113 (1991)] and Cassanas ["Reduced Gutzwiller formula with symmetry: Case of a Lie group," J. Math. Pures Appl. 85(6), 719-742 (2006)]. Using recent results for certain oscillatory integrals with singular critical sets [P. Ramacher, "Singular equivariant asymptotics and Weyl's law: On the distribution of eigenvalues of an invariant elliptic operator," J. Reine Angew. Math. (Crelles J.) (to be published)], we can deduce a weak equivariant Weyl law. Furthermore, we can prove a complete asymptotic expansion for the Gutzwiller trace formula without any additional condition on the group action by a suitable generalization of the dynamical assumptions on the Hamilton flow.

  17. Nonabelian Higgs models: paving the way for asymptotic freedom

    CERN Document Server

    Gies, Holger

    2016-01-01

    Asymptotically free renormalization group trajectories can be constructed in nonabelian Higgs models with the aid of generalized boundary conditions imposed on the renormalized action. We detail this construction within the languages of simple low-order perturbation theory, effective field theory, as well as modern functional renormalization group equations. We construct a family of explicit scaling solutions using a controlled weak-coupling expansion in the ultraviolet, and obtain a standard Wilsonian RG relevance classification of perturbations about scaling solutions. We obtain global information about the quasi-fixed function for the scalar potential by means of analytic asymptotic expansions and numerical shooting methods. Further analytical evidence for such asymptotically free theories is provided in the large-N limit. We estimate the long-range properties of these theories, and identify initial/boundary conditions giving rise to a conventional Higgs phase.

  18. Polynomial Asymptotes of the Second Kind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, David E.

    2011-01-01

    This note uses the analytic notion of asymptotic functions to study when a function is asymptotic to a polynomial function. Along with associated existence and uniqueness results, this kind of asymptotic behaviour is related to the type of asymptote that was recently defined in a more geometric way. Applications are given to rational functions and…

  19. Efficient bootstrap with weakly dependent processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bravo, Francesco; Crudu, Federico

    2012-01-01

    The efficient bootstrap methodology is developed for overidentified moment conditions models with weakly dependent observation. The resulting bootstrap procedure is shown to be asymptotically valid and can be used to approximate the distributions of t-statistics, the J-statistic for overidentifying

  20. Efficient bootstrap with weakly dependent processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bravo, Francesco; Crudu, Federico

    2012-01-01

    The efficient bootstrap methodology is developed for overidentified moment conditions models with weakly dependent observation. The resulting bootstrap procedure is shown to be asymptotically valid and can be used to approximate the distributions of t-statistics, the J-statistic for overidentifying

  1. Quantum mechanical calculations on weakly interacting complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijmen, T.G.A.

    1998-01-01

    Symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) has been applied to compute the intermolecular potential energy surfaces and the interaction-induced electrical properties of weakly interacting complexes. Asymptotic (large R) expressions have been derived for the contributions to the collision-induced pr

  2. 空间中渐近非扩张型映射的渐近行为%Asymptotic Behavior of Asymptotically Nonexpansive Type Mappings in Banach Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱兰萍; 李刚

    2009-01-01

    Let X be a uniformly convex Banach space X such that its dual X* has the KK property.Let C be a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of X and G be a directed system.Let ={Tt:t ∈G} be a family of asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings on C.In this paper,we investigate the asymptotic behavior of {TtXO:t∈G} and give its weak convergence theorem.

  3. Asymptotic behavior of subradiant states in homonuclear diatomic molecules

    CERN Document Server

    McGuyer, Bart H; Iwata, Geoffrey Z; Tarallo, Marco G; Skomorowski, Wojciech; Moszynski, Robert; Zelevinsky, Tanya

    2014-01-01

    Weakly bound molecules have physical properties without atomic analogues, even as the bond length approaches dissociation. In particular, the internal symmetries of homonuclear diatomic molecules result in the formation of two-body superradiant and subradiant excited states. While superradiance has been demonstrated in a variety of systems, subradiance is more elusive due to the inherently weak interaction with the environment. Transition mechanisms that are strictly forbidden for atoms become allowed just below the dissociation asymptote due to new selection rules associated with the subradiant states. Here we directly probe deeply subradiant states in ultracold diatomic strontium molecules and characterize their properties near the intercombination atomic asymptote via optical spectroscopy of doubly-forbidden transitions with intrinsic quality factors exceeding 10^(13). This precision measurement of subradiance is made possible by tightly trapping the molecules in a state-insensitive optical lattice and ach...

  4. Asymptotic aspects of Cayley graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Dejter, Italo J

    2011-01-01

    Arising from complete Cayley graphs $\\Gamma_n$ of odd cyclic groups $\\Z_n$, an asymptotic approach is presented on connected labeled graphs whose vertices are labeled via equally-multicolored copies of $K_4$ in $\\Gamma_n$ with adjacency of any two such vertices whenever they are represented by copies of $K_4$ in $\\Gamma_n$ sharing two equally-multicolored triangles. In fact, these connected labeled graphs are shown to form a family of graphs of largest degree 6 and diameter asymptotically of order $|V|^{1/3}$, properties shared by the initial member of a collection of families of Cayley graphs of degree $2m\\geq 6$ with diameter asymptotically of order $|V|^{1/m}$, where $3\\leq m\\in\\Z$.

  5. Asymptotic analysis and boundary layers

    CERN Document Server

    Cousteix, Jean

    2007-01-01

    This book presents a new method of asymptotic analysis of boundary-layer problems, the Successive Complementary Expansion Method (SCEM). The first part is devoted to a general comprehensive presentation of the tools of asymptotic analysis. It gives the keys to understand a boundary-layer problem and explains the methods to construct an approximation. The second part is devoted to SCEM and its applications in fluid mechanics, including external and internal flows. The advantages of SCEM are discussed in comparison with the standard Method of Matched Asymptotic Expansions. In particular, for the first time, the theory of Interactive Boundary Layer is fully justified. With its chapter summaries, detailed derivations of results, discussed examples and fully worked out problems and solutions, the book is self-contained. It is written on a mathematical level accessible to graduate and post-graduate students of engineering and physics with a good knowledge in fluid mechanics. Researchers and practitioners will estee...

  6. Asymptotic vacua with higher derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spiros Cotsakis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We study limits of vacuum, isotropic universes in the full, effective, four-dimensional theory with higher derivatives. We show that all flat vacua as well as general curved ones are globally attracted by the standard, square root scaling solution at early times. Open vacua asymptote to horizon-free, Milne states in both directions while closed universes exhibit more complex logarithmic singularities, starting from initial data sets of a possibly smaller dimension. We also discuss the relation of our results to the asymptotic stability of the passage through the singularity in ekpyrotic and cyclic cosmologies.

  7. Asymptotic vacua with higher derivatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cotsakis, Spiros, E-mail: skot@aegean.gr [Department of Mathematics, American University of the Middle East, P.O. Box 220 Dasman, 15453 (Kuwait); Kadry, Seifedine, E-mail: Seifedine.Kadry@aum.edu.kw [Department of Mathematics, American University of the Middle East, P.O. Box 220 Dasman, 15453 (Kuwait); Kolionis, Georgios, E-mail: gkolionis@aegean.gr [Research group of Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Cosmology, University of the Aegean, Karlovassi 83200, Samos (Greece); Tsokaros, Antonios, E-mail: atsok@aegean.gr [Research group of Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Cosmology, University of the Aegean, Karlovassi 83200, Samos (Greece)

    2016-04-10

    We study limits of vacuum, isotropic universes in the full, effective, four-dimensional theory with higher derivatives. We show that all flat vacua as well as general curved ones are globally attracted by the standard, square root scaling solution at early times. Open vacua asymptote to horizon-free, Milne states in both directions while closed universes exhibit more complex logarithmic singularities, starting from initial data sets of a possibly smaller dimension. We also discuss the relation of our results to the asymptotic stability of the passage through the singularity in ekpyrotic and cyclic cosmologies.

  8. Expansions and Asymptotics for Statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Small, Christopher G

    2010-01-01

    Providing a broad toolkit of analytical methods, this book shows how asymptotics, when coupled with numerical methods, becomes a powerful way to acquire a deeper understanding of the techniques used in probability and statistics. It describes core ideas in statistical asymptotics; covers Laplace approximation, the saddle-point method, and summation of series; and, includes vignettes of various people from statistics and mathematics whose ideas have been instrumental in the development of the subject. The author also supplements some topics with relevant Maplea commands and provides a list of c

  9. Asymptotic Rayleigh instantaneous unit hydrograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troutman, B.M.; Karlinger, M.R.

    1988-01-01

    The instantaneous unit hydrograph for a channel network under general linear routing and conditioned on the network magnitude, N, tends asymptotically, as N grows large, to a Rayleigh probability density function. This behavior is identical to that of the width function of the network, and is proven under the assumption that the network link configuration is topologically random and the link hydraulic and geometric properties are independent and identically distributed random variables. The asymptotic distribution depends only on a scale factor, {Mathematical expression}, where ?? is a mean link wave travel time. ?? 1988 Springer-Verlag.

  10. Asymptotics for dissipative nonlinear equations

    CERN Document Server

    Hayashi, Nakao; Kaikina, Elena I; Shishmarev, Ilya A

    2006-01-01

    Many of problems of the natural sciences lead to nonlinear partial differential equations. However, only a few of them have succeeded in being solved explicitly. Therefore different methods of qualitative analysis such as the asymptotic methods play a very important role. This is the first book in the world literature giving a systematic development of a general asymptotic theory for nonlinear partial differential equations with dissipation. Many typical well-known equations are considered as examples, such as: nonlinear heat equation, KdVB equation, nonlinear damped wave equation, Landau-Ginzburg equation, Sobolev type equations, systems of equations of Boussinesq, Navier-Stokes and others.

  11. Higher dimensional nonclassical eigenvalue asymptotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camus, Brice; Rautenberg, Nils

    2015-02-01

    In this article, we extend Simon's construction and results [B. Simon, J. Funct. Anal. 53(1), 84-98 (1983)] for leading order eigenvalue asymptotics to n-dimensional Schrödinger operators with non-confining potentials given by Hn α = - Δ + ∏ i = 1 n |x i| α i on ℝn (n > 2), α ≔ ( α 1 , … , α n ) ∈ ( R+ ∗ ) n . We apply the results to also derive the leading order spectral asymptotics in the case of the Dirichlet Laplacian -ΔD on domains Ωn α = { x ∈ R n : ∏ j = 1 n }x j| /α j α n < 1 } .

  12. Asymptotic Normality of Quadratic Estimators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, James; Li, Lingling; Tchetgen, Eric; van der Vaart, Aad

    2016-12-01

    We prove conditional asymptotic normality of a class of quadratic U-statistics that are dominated by their degenerate second order part and have kernels that change with the number of observations. These statistics arise in the construction of estimators in high-dimensional semi- and non-parametric models, and in the construction of nonparametric confidence sets. This is illustrated by estimation of the integral of a square of a density or regression function, and estimation of the mean response with missing data. We show that estimators are asymptotically normal even in the case that the rate is slower than the square root of the observations.

  13. Asymptotic geometric analysis, part I

    CERN Document Server

    Artstein-Avidan, Shiri

    2015-01-01

    The authors present the theory of asymptotic geometric analysis, a field which lies on the border between geometry and functional analysis. In this field, isometric problems that are typical for geometry in low dimensions are substituted by an "isomorphic" point of view, and an asymptotic approach (as dimension tends to infinity) is introduced. Geometry and analysis meet here in a non-trivial way. Basic examples of geometric inequalities in isomorphic form which are encountered in the book are the "isomorphic isoperimetric inequalities" which led to the discovery of the "concentration phenomen

  14. TIME-ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF SOLUTIONS FOR GENERAL NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS IN EVEN SPACE-DIMENSION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Hongmei

    2001-01-01

    We study the time-asymptotic behavior of solutions to general NavierStokes equations in even and higher than two space-dimensions. Through the pointwise estimates of the Green function of the linearized system, we obtain explicit expressions of the time-asymptotic behavior of the solutions. The result coincides with weak Huygan's principle.

  15. Weak relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Selleri, Franco

    2015-01-01

    Weak Relativity is an equivalent theory to Special Relativity according to Reichenbach’s definition, where the parameter epsilon equals to 0. It formulates a Neo-Lorentzian approach by replacing the Lorentz transformations with a new set named “Inertial Transformations”, thus explaining the Sagnac effect, the twin paradox and the trip from the future to the past in an easy and elegant way. The cosmic microwave background is suggested as a possible privileged reference system. Most importantly, being a theory based on experimental proofs, rather than mutual consensus, it offers a physical description of reality independent of the human observation.

  16. Weak KAM theory for a weakly coupled system of Hamilton–Jacobi equations

    KAUST Repository

    Figalli, Alessio

    2016-06-23

    Here, we extend the weak KAM and Aubry–Mather theories to optimal switching problems. We consider three issues: the analysis of the calculus of variations problem, the study of a generalized weak KAM theorem for solutions of weakly coupled systems of Hamilton–Jacobi equations, and the long-time behavior of time-dependent systems. We prove the existence and regularity of action minimizers, obtain necessary conditions for minimality, extend Fathi’s weak KAM theorem, and describe the asymptotic limit of the generalized Lax–Oleinik semigroup. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  17. Thermodynamics of gravity favours Weak Censorship Conjecture

    CERN Document Server

    Acquaviva, Giovanni; Hamid, Aymen I M; Maharaj, Sunil D

    2015-01-01

    We use the formulation of thermodynamics of gravity as proposed by Clifton, Ellis and Tavakol on the gravitational collapse of dustlike matter, that violates the strong or weak cosmic censorship conjecture depending on the initial data. We transparently demonstrate that the gravitational entropy prefers the scenario where the stronger version is violated but the weak censorship conjecture is satisfied. This is a novel result, showing the weak cosmic censorship and hence the future asymptotically simple structure of spacetime, is being validated by the nature of gravity, without imposing any extra constraint on the form of matter.

  18. Ruin problems and tail asymptotics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønn-Nielsen, Anders

    The thesis Ruin Problems and Tail Asymptotics provides results on ruin problems for several classes of Markov processes. For a class of diffusion processes with jumps an explicit expression for the joint Laplace transform of the first passage time and the corresponding undershoot is derived...

  19. Inaccurate usage of asymptotic formulas

    CERN Document Server

    Maj, R; Maj, Radoslaw; Mrowczynski, Stanislaw

    2004-01-01

    The asymptotic form of the plane-wave decomposition into spherical waves, which is often used, in particular, to express the scattering amplitude through the phase shifts, is incorrect. We precisely explain why it is incorrect and show how to circumvent mathematical inconsistency.

  20. Thermodynamics of asymptotically safe theories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rischke, Dirk H.; Sannino, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the thermodynamic properties of a novel class of gauge-Yukawa theories that have recently been shown to be completely asymptotically safe, because their short-distance behaviour is determined by the presence of an interacting fixed point. Not only do all the coupling constants freeze...

  1. On transfinite extension of asymptotic dimension

    OpenAIRE

    Radul, Taras

    2006-01-01

    We prove that a transfinite extension of asymptotic dimension asind is trivial. We introduce a transfinite extension of asymptotic dimension asdim and give an example of metric proper space which has transfinite infinite dimension.

  2. Muscle Weakness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Kaissi, Ali; Ryabykh, Sergey; Ochirova, Polina; Kenis, Vladimir; Hofstätter, Jochen G.; Grill, Franz; Ganger, Rudolf; Kircher, Susanne Gerit

    2017-01-01

    Marked ligamentous hyperlaxity and muscle weakness/wasting associated with awkward gait are the main deficits confused with the diagnosis of myopathy. Seven children (6 boys and 1 girl with an average age of 8 years) were referred to our department because of diverse forms of skeletal abnormalities. No definitive diagnosis was made, and all underwent a series of sophisticated investigations in other institutes in favor of myopathy. We applied our methodology through the clinical and radiographic phenotypes followed by targeted genotypic confirmation. Three children (2 boys and 1 girl) were compatible with the diagnosis of progressive pseudorheumatoid chondrodysplasia. The genetic mutation was correlated with the WISP 3 gene actively expressed by articular chondrocytes and located on chromosome 6. Klinefelter syndrome was the diagnosis in 2 boys. Karyotyping confirmed 47,XXY (aneuploidy of Klinefelter syndrome). And 2 boys were finally diagnosed with Morquio syndrome (MPS type IV A) as both showed missense mutations in the N-acetylgalactosamine-sulfate sulfatase gene. Misdiagnosis can lead to the initiation of a long list of sophisticated investigations. PMID:28210640

  3. Composite Operators in Asymptotic Safety

    CERN Document Server

    Pagani, Carlo

    2016-01-01

    We study the role of composite operators in the Asymptotic Safety program for quantum gravity. By including in the effective average action an explicit dependence on new sources we are able to keep track of operators which do not belong to the exact theory space and/or are normally discarded in a truncation. Typical examples are geometric operators such as volumes, lengths, or geodesic distances. We show that this set-up allows to investigate the scaling properties of various interesting operators via a suitable exact renormalization group equation. We test our framework in several settings, including Quantum Einstein Gravity, the conformally reduced Einstein-Hilbert truncation, and two dimensional quantum gravity. Finally, we briefly argue that our construction paves the way to approach observables in the Asymptotic Safety program.

  4. Remarks on asymptotically safe inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tye, S.-H. Henry; Xu, Jiajun

    2010-12-01

    We comment on Weinberg’s interesting analysis of asymptotically safe inflation [S. Weinberg, Phys. Rev. DPRVDAQ1550-7998 81, 083535 (2010).10.1103/PhysRevD.81.083535]. We find that even if the gravity theory exhibits an ultraviolet fixed point, the energy scale during inflation is way too low to drive the theory close to the fixed point value. We choose the specific renormalization group flow away from the fixed point towards the infrared region that reproduces the Newton’s constant and today’s cosmological constant. We follow this renormalization group flow path to scales below the Planck scale to study the stability of the inflationary scenario. Again, we find that some fine-tuning is necessary to get enough e folds of inflation in the asymptotically safe inflationary scenario.

  5. Asymptotic safety goes on shell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedetti, Dario

    2012-01-01

    It is well known in quantum field theory that the off-shell effective action depends on the gauge choice and field parametrization used in calculating it. Nevertheless, the typical scheme in which the scenario of asymptotically safe gravity is investigated is an off-shell version of the functional renormalization group equation. Working with the Einstein-Hilbert truncation as a test bed, we develop a new scheme for the analysis of asymptotically safe gravity in which the on-shell part of the effective action is singled out and we show that the beta function for the essential coupling has no explicit gauge dependence. In order to reach our goal, we introduce several technical novelties, including a different decomposition of the metric fluctuations, a new implementation of the ghost sector and a new cut-off scheme. We find a nontrivial fixed point, with a value of the cosmological constant that is independent of the gauge-fixing parameters.

  6. Asymptotic Excisions of Metric Spaces and Ideals of Asymptotic Coarse Roe Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jin-xiu; WANG Qin

    2006-01-01

    We introduce in this note the notions of asymptotic excision of proper metric spaces and asymptotic equivalence relation for subspaces of metric spaces, which are relevant in characterizing spatial ideals of the asymptotic coarse Roe algebras. We show that the lattice of the asymptotic equivalence classes of the subspaces of a proper metric space is isomorphic to the lattice of the spatial ideals of the asymptotic Roe algebra. For asymptotic excisions of the metric space, we also establish a Mayer-Vietoris sequence in K-theory of the asymptotic coarse Roe algebras.

  7. On the Asymptotic Regimes and the Strongly Stratified Limit of Rotating Boussinesq Equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babin, A.; Mahalov, A.; Nicolaenko, B.; Zhou, Y.

    1997-01-01

    Asymptotic regimes of geophysical dynamics are described for different Burger number limits. Rotating Boussinesq equations are analyzed in the asymptotic limit, of strong stratification in the Burger number of order one situation as well as in the asymptotic regime of strong stratification and weak rotation. It is shown that in both regimes horizontally averaged buoyancy variable is an adiabatic invariant for the full Boussinesq system. Spectral phase shift corrections to the buoyancy time scale associated with vertical shearing of this invariant are deduced. Statistical dephasing effects induced by turbulent processes on inertial-gravity waves are evidenced. The 'split' of the energy transfer of the vortical and the wave components is established in the Craya-Herring cyclic basis. As the Burger number increases from zero to infinity, we demonstrate gradual unfreezing of energy cascades for ageostrophic dynamics. The energy spectrum and the anisotropic spectral eddy viscosity are deduced with an explicit dependence on the anisotropic rotation/stratification time scale which depends on the vertical aspect ratio parameter. Intermediate asymptotic regime corresponding to strong stratification and weak rotation is analyzed where the effects of weak rotation are accounted for by an asymptotic expansion with full control (saturation) of vertical shearing. The regularizing effect of weak rotation differs from regularizations based on vertical viscosity. Two scalar prognostic equations for ageostrophic components (divergent velocity potential and geostrophic departure ) are obtained.

  8. Supersymmetric asymptotic safety is not guaranteed

    CERN Document Server

    Intriligator, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    It was recently shown that certain perturbatively accessible, non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories have UV asymptotic safety, without asymptotic freedom: the UV theory is an interacting RG fixed point, and the IR theory is free. We here investigate the possibility of asymptotic safety in supersymmetric theories, and use unitarity bounds, and the a-theorem, to rule it out in broad classes of theories. The arguments apply without assuming perturbation theory. Therefore, the UV completion of a non-asymptotically free susy theory must have additional, non-obvious degrees of freedom, such as those of an asymptotically free (perhaps magnetic dual) extension.

  9. Asymptotic integration of differential and difference equations

    CERN Document Server

    Bodine, Sigrun

    2015-01-01

    This book presents the theory of asymptotic integration for both linear differential and difference equations. This type of asymptotic analysis is based on some fundamental principles by Norman Levinson. While he applied them to a special class of differential equations, subsequent work has shown that the same principles lead to asymptotic results for much wider classes of differential and also difference equations. After discussing asymptotic integration in a unified approach, this book studies how the application of these methods provides several new insights and frequent improvements to results found in earlier literature. It then continues with a brief introduction to the relatively new field of asymptotic integration for dynamic equations on time scales. Asymptotic Integration of Differential and Difference Equations is a self-contained and clearly structured presentation of some of the most important results in asymptotic integration and the techniques used in this field. It will appeal to researchers i...

  10. Weak Convergence Theorems for Nonself Mappings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Yong-quan; Guo Wei-ping; Ji You-qing

    2015-01-01

    Let E be a real uniformly convex and smooth Banach space, and K be a nonempty closed convex subset of E with P as a sunny nonexpansive retrac-tion. Let T1, T2 : K → E be two weakly inward nonself asymptotically nonexpan-sive mappings with respect to P with a sequence {k(i)n } ⊂ [1,∞) (i = 1, 2), and F := F (T1)∩F (T2) = ∅. An iterative sequence for approximation common fixed points of the two nonself asymptotically nonexpansive mappings is discussed. If E has also a Fr´echet differentiable norm or its dual E∗ has Kadec-Klee property, then weak convergence theorems are obtained.

  11. Asymptotics for Associated Random Variables

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, Paulo Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    The book concerns the notion of association in probability and statistics. Association and some other positive dependence notions were introduced in 1966 and 1967 but received little attention from the probabilistic and statistics community. The interest in these dependence notions increased in the last 15 to 20 years, and many asymptotic results were proved and improved. Despite this increased interest, characterizations and results remained essentially scattered in the literature published in different journals. The goal of this book is to bring together the bulk of these results, presenting

  12. Asymptotics of robust utility maximization

    CERN Document Server

    Knispel, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    For a stochastic factor model we maximize the long-term growth rate of robust expected power utility with parameter $\\lambda\\in(0,1)$. Using duality methods the problem is reformulated as an infinite time horizon, risk-sensitive control problem. Our results characterize the optimal growth rate, an optimal long-term trading strategy and an asymptotic worst-case model in terms of an ergodic Bellman equation. With these results we propose a duality approach to a "robust large deviations" criterion for optimal long-term investment.

  13. Asymptotics of Lagged Fibonacci Sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Mertens, Stephan

    2009-01-01

    Consider "lagged" Fibonacci sequences $a(n) = a(n-1)+a(\\lfloor n/k\\rfloor)$ for $k > 1$. We show that $\\lim_{n\\to\\infty} a(kn)/a(n)\\cdot\\ln n/n = k\\ln k$ and we demonstrate the slow numerical convergence to this limit and how to deal with this slow convergence. We also discuss the connection between two classical results of N.G. de Bruijn and K. Mahler on the asymptotics of $a(n)$.

  14. Qualitative and Asymptotic Theory of Detonations

    KAUST Repository

    Faria, Luiz

    2014-11-09

    Shock waves in reactive media possess very rich dynamics: from formation of cells in multiple dimensions to oscillating shock fronts in one-dimension. Because of the extreme complexity of the equations of combustion theory, most of the current understanding of unstable detonation waves relies on extensive numerical simulations of the reactive compressible Euler/Navier-Stokes equations. Attempts at a simplified theory have been made in the past, most of which are very successful in describing steady detonation waves. In this work we focus on obtaining simplified theories capable of capturing not only the steady, but also the unsteady behavior of detonation waves. The first part of this thesis is focused on qualitative theories of detonation, where ad hoc models are proposed and analyzed. We show that equations as simple as a forced Burgers equation can capture most of the complex phenomena observed in detonations. In the second part of this thesis we focus on rational theories, and derive a weakly nonlinear model of multi-dimensional detonations. We also show, by analysis and numerical simulations, that the asymptotic equations provide good quantitative predictions.

  15. Extended Analytic Device Optimization Employing Asymptotic Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Jonathan; Sehirlioglu, Alp; Dynsys, Fred

    2013-01-01

    Analytic optimization of a thermoelectric junction often introduces several simplifying assumptionsincluding constant material properties, fixed known hot and cold shoe temperatures, and thermallyinsulated leg sides. In fact all of these simplifications will have an effect on device performance,ranging from negligible to significant depending on conditions. Numerical methods, such as FiniteElement Analysis or iterative techniques, are often used to perform more detailed analysis andaccount for these simplifications. While numerical methods may stand as a suitable solution scheme,they are weak in gaining physical understanding and only serve to optimize through iterativesearching techniques. Analytic and asymptotic expansion techniques can be used to solve thegoverning system of thermoelectric differential equations with fewer or less severe assumptionsthan the classic case. Analytic methods can provide meaningful closed form solutions and generatebetter physical understanding of the conditions for when simplifying assumptions may be valid.In obtaining the analytic solutions a set of dimensionless parameters, which characterize allthermoelectric couples, is formulated and provide the limiting cases for validating assumptions.Presentation includes optimization of both classic rectangular couples as well as practically andtheoretically interesting cylindrical couples using optimization parameters physically meaningful toa cylindrical couple. Solutions incorporate the physical behavior for i) thermal resistance of hot andcold shoes, ii) variable material properties with temperature, and iii) lateral heat transfer through legsides.

  16. Convergence Theorem for a Family of Generalized Asymptotically Nonexpansive Semigroup in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bashir Ali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Let be a real reflexive and strictly convex Banach space with a uniformly Gâteaux differentiable norm. Let ={(∶≥0} be a family of uniformly asymptotically regular generalized asymptotically nonexpansive semigroup of , with functions ,∶[0,∞→[0,∞. Let ∶=(=∩≥0((≠∅ and ∶→ be a weakly contractive map. For some positive real numbers and satisfying +>1, let ∶→ be a -strongly accretive and -strictly pseudocontractive map. Let {} be an increasing sequence in [0,∞ with lim→∞=∞, and let {} and {} be sequences in (0,1] satisfying some conditions. Strong convergence of a viscosity iterative sequence to common fixed points of the family of uniformly asymptotically regular asymptotically nonexpansive semigroup, which also solves the variational inequality ⟨(−,(−⟩≤0, for all ∈, is proved in a framework of a real Banach space.

  17. Asymptotically Free Gauge Theories. I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilczek, Frank; Gross, David J.

    1973-07-01

    Asymptotically free gauge theories of the strong interactions are constructed and analyzed. The reasons for doing this are recounted, including a review of renormalization group techniques and their application to scaling phenomena. The renormalization group equations are derived for Yang-Mills theories. The parameters that enter into the equations are calculated to lowest order and it is shown that these theories are asymptotically free. More specifically the effective coupling constant, which determines the ultraviolet behavior of the theory, vanishes for large space-like momenta. Fermions are incorporated and the construction of realistic models is discussed. We propose that the strong interactions be mediated by a "color" gauge group which commutes with SU(3)xSU(3). The problem of symmetry breaking is discussed. It appears likely that this would have a dynamical origin. It is suggested that the gauge symmetry might not be broken, and that the severe infrared singularities prevent the occurrence of non-color singlet physical states. The deep inelastic structure functions, as well as the electron position total annihilation cross section are analyzed. Scaling obtains up to calculable logarithmic corrections, and the naive lightcone or parton model results follow. The problems of incorporating scalar mesons and breaking the symmetry by the Higgs mechanism are explained in detail.

  18. Asymptotic safety goes on shell

    CERN Document Server

    Benedetti, Dario

    2011-01-01

    It is well known in quantum field theory that the off-shell effective action depends on the gauge choice and field parametrization used in calculating it. Nevertheless, the typical scheme in which the scenario of asymptotically safe gravity is investigated is an off-shell version of the functional renormalization group equation. Working with the Einstein-Hilbert truncation as a test bed, we develop a new scheme for the analysis of asymptotically safe gravity in which the on-shell part of the effective action is singled out and we show that the beta function for the essential coupling has no explicit gauge-dependence. In order to reach our goal, we introduce several technical novelties, including a different decomposition of the metric fluctuations, a new implementation of the ghost sector, and a new cut-off scheme. We find a non-trivial fixed point, with a value of the cosmological constant which is independent of the gauge-fixing parameters.

  19. Asymptotic properties of the C-Metric

    CERN Document Server

    Sladek, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this article is to analyze the asymptotic properties of the C-metric, using a general method specified in work of Tafel and coworkers, [1], [2], [3]. By finding an appropriate conformal factor $\\Omega$, it allows the investigation of the asymptotic properties of a given asymptotically flat spacetime. The news function and Bondi mass aspect are computed, their general properties are analyzed, as well as the small mass, small acceleration, small and large Bondi time limits.

  20. Linearized asymptotic stability for fractional differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Cong

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We prove the theorem of linearized asymptotic stability for fractional differential equations. More precisely, we show that an equilibrium of a nonlinear Caputo fractional differential equation is asymptotically stable if its linearization at the equilibrium is asymptotically stable. As a consequence we extend Lyapunov's first method to fractional differential equations by proving that if the spectrum of the linearization is contained in the sector $\\{\\lambda \\in \\mathbb{C} : |\\arg \\lambda| > \\frac{\\alpha \\pi}{2}\\}$ where $\\alpha > 0$ denotes the order of the fractional differential equation, then the equilibrium of the nonlinear fractional differential equation is asymptotically stable.

  1. Supersymmetric asymptotic safety is not guaranteed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Intriligator, Kenneth; Sannino, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    It was recently shown that certain perturbatively accessible, non-supersymmetric gauge-Yukawa theories have UV asymptotic safety, without asymptotic freedom: the UV theory is an interacting RG fixed point, and the IR theory is free. We here investigate the possibility of asymptotic safety...... in supersymmetric theories, and use unitarity bounds, and the a-theorem, to rule it out in broad classes of theories. The arguments apply without assuming perturbation theory. Therefore, the UV completion of a non-asymptotically free susy theory must have additional, non-obvious degrees of freedom, such as those...

  2. The General Iterative Methods for Asymptotically Nonexpansive Semigroups in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabian Wangkeeree

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce the general iterative methods for finding a common fixed point of asymptotically nonexpansive semigroups which is a unique solution of some variational inequalities. We prove the strong convergence theorems of such iterative scheme in a reflexive Banach space which admits a weakly continuous duality mapping. The main result extends various results existing in the current literature.

  3. Approximating common random fixed point for two finite families of asymptotically nonexpansive random mappings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A. Rashwan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study weak and strong convergence of an implicit random iterative process with errors to a common random fixed point of two finite families of asymptotically nonexpansive random mappings in a uniformly convex separable Banach space.

  4. Viscosity Approximation Method for Infinitely Many Asymptotically Nonexpansive Maps in Banach Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruo Feng RAO

    2011-01-01

    In the framework of reflexive Banach spaces satisfying a weakly continuous duality map,the author uses the viscosity approximation method to obtain the strong convergence theorem for iterations with infinitely many asymptotically nonexpansive mappings.The main results obtained in this paper improve and extend some recent results.

  5. Asymptotic expansions in nonlinear rotordynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, William B.

    1987-01-01

    This paper is an examination of special nonlinearities of the Jeffcott equations in rotordynamics. The immediate application of this analysis is directed toward understanding the excessive vibrations recorded in the LOX pump of the SSME during hot-firing ground testing. Deadband, side force, and rubbing are three possible sources of inducing nonlinearity in the Jeffcott equations. The present analysis initially reduces these problems to the same mathematical description. A special frequency, named the nonlinear natural frequency, is defined and used to develop the solutions of the nonlinear Jeffcott equations as singular asymptotic expansions. This nonlinear natural frequency, which is the ratio of the cross-stiffness and the damping, plays a major role in determining response frequencies.

  6. Weak Galois and Weak Cocleft Coextensions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.N. Alonso (A)lvarez; J.M. Fernández Vilaboa; R. González Rodríguez; A.B. Rodríguez Raposo

    2007-01-01

    For a weak entwining structure (A, C,ψ) living in a braided monoidal category with equalizers and coequalizers, we formulate the notion of weak A-Galois coextension with normal basis and we show that these Galois coextensions are equivalent to the weak A-cocleft coextensions introduced by the authors.

  7. Einstein Constraints on Asymptotically Euclidean Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Choquet-Bruhat, Y; York, J W; Choquet-Bruhat, Yvonne; Isenberg, James; York, James W.

    2000-01-01

    We consider the Einstein constraints on asymptotically euclidean manifolds $M$ of dimension $n \\geq 3$ with sources of both scaled and unscaled types. We extend to asymptotically euclidean manifolds the constructive method of proof of existence. We also treat discontinuous scaled sources. In the last section we obtain new results in the case of non-constant mean curvature.

  8. An asymptotic model of the F layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, W. L.

    2012-01-01

    A model of the F layer of the ionosphere is presented that consists of a bottomside asymptote that ignores transport and a topside asymptote that ignores chemistry. The asymptotes connect at the balance height dividing the chemistry and transport regimes. A combination of these two asymptotes produces a good approximation to the true F layer. Analogously, a model of F layer response to an applied vertical drift is presented that consists of two asymptotic responses, one that ignores transport and one that ignores chemistry. The combination of these asymptotic responses produces a good approximation to the response of the true F layer. This latter response is identical to the “servo” response of Rishbeth et al. (1978), derived from the continuity equation. The asymptotic approach bypasses the continuity equation in favor of “force balance” arguments and so replaces a differential equation with simpler algebraic equations. This new approach provides a convenient and intuitive mean for first-order estimates of the change in F layer peak height and density in terms of changes in neutral density, composition, temperature, winds, and electric fields. It is applicable at midlatitudes and at magnetically quiet times at high latitudes. Forensic inverse relations are possible but are not unique. The validity of the asymptotic relations is shown through numerical simulation.

  9. PERIODIC SOLUTIONS OF ASYMPTOTICALLY LINEAR HAMILTONIAN SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FEIGUIHUA; QIUQINGJIU

    1997-01-01

    The authors establish the existence of nontrival periodic solutions of the asymptotically linear Hamiltomian systems in the general case that the asymptotic matrix may be degenerate and time-dependent.This is done by using the critical point theory,Galerkin approximation procedure and the Maslov-type index theory introduced and generalized by Conley,Zehnder and Long.

  10. Term structure modeling and asymptotic long rate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yao, Y.

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines the dynamics of the asymptotic long rate in three classes of term structure models. It shows that, in a frictionless and arbitrage-free market, the asymptotic long rate is a non-decreasing process. This gives an alternative proof of the same result of Dybvig et al. (Dybvig, P.H.,

  11. Asymptotic properties of random matrices and pseudomatrices

    CERN Document Server

    Lenczewski, Romuald

    2010-01-01

    We study the asymptotics of sums of matricially free random variables called random pseudomatrices, and we compare it with that of random matrices with block-identical variances. For objects of both types we find the limit joint distributions of blocks and give their Hilbert space realizations, using operators called `matricially free Gaussian operators'. In particular, if the variance matrices are symmetric, the asymptotics of symmetric blocks of random pseudomatrices agrees with that of symmetric random blocks. We also show that blocks of random pseudomatrices are `asymptotically matricially free' whereas the corresponding symmetric random blocks are `asymptotically symmetrically matricially free', where symmetric matricial freeness is obtained from matricial freeness by an operation of symmetrization. Finally, we show that row blocks of square, lower-block-triangular and block-diagonal pseudomatrices are asymptotically free, monotone independent and boolean independent, respectively.

  12. Penrose type inequalities for asymptotically hyperbolic graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Dahl, Mattias; Sakovich, Anna

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we study asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds given as graphs of asymptotically constant functions over hyperbolic space $\\bH^n$. The graphs are considered as subsets of $\\bH^{n+1}$ and carry the induced metric. For such manifolds the scalar curvature appears in the divergence of a 1-form involving the integrand for the asymptotically hyperbolic mass. Integrating this divergence we estimate the mass by an integral over an inner boundary. In case the inner boundary satisfies a convexity condition this can in turn be estimated in terms of the area of the inner boundary. The resulting estimates are similar to the conjectured Penrose inequality for asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds. The work presented here is inspired by Lam's article concerning the asymptotically Euclidean case.

  13. Universal asymptotic umbrella for hydraulic fracture modeling

    CERN Document Server

    Linkov, Aleksandr M

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents universal asymptotic solution needed for efficient modeling of hydraulic fractures. We show that when neglecting the lag, there is universal asymptotic equation for the near-front opening. It appears that apart from the mechanical properties of fluid and rock, the asymptotic opening depends merely on the local speed of fracture propagation. This implies that, on one hand, the global problem is ill-posed, when trying to solve it as a boundary value problem under a fixed position of the front. On the other hand, when properly used, the universal asymptotics drastically facilitates solving hydraulic fracture problems (both analytically and numerically). We derive simple universal asymptotics and comment on their employment for efficient numerical simulation of hydraulic fractures, in particular, by well-established Level Set and Fast Marching Methods.

  14. Pulverization of the flux line lattice, the phase coexistence and the spinodal temperature of the order-disorder transition in a weakly pinned crystal of Yb3Rh4Sn13

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Sarkar; C V Tomy; A D Thakur; G Balakrishnan; D McK Paul; S Ramakrishnan; A K Grover

    2006-01-01

    We have studied metastability effects pertaining to the peak effect (PE) in critical current density (c) via isofield scans in AC susceptibility measurements in a weakly pinned single crystal of Yb3Rh4Sn13 (c(0) ≈ 7.6 K). The order-disorder transition in this specimen proceeds in a multi-step manner. The phase coexistence regime between the onset temperature of the PE and the spinodal temperature (where metastability effects cease) seems to comprise two parts, where ordered and disordered regions dominate the bulk behavior, respectively. The PE line in the vortex phase diagram is argued to terminate at the low field end at a critical point in the elastic (Bragg) glass phase.

  15. Local asymptotic normality and asymptotical minimax efficiency of the MLE under random censorship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王启华; 荆炳义

    2000-01-01

    Here we study the problems of local asymptotic normality of the parametric family of distri-butions and asymptotic minimax efficient estimators when the observations are subject to right censor-ing. Local asymptotic normality will be established under some mild regularity conditions. A lower bound for local asymptotic minimax risk is given with respect to a bowl-shaped loss function, and fur-thermore a necessary and sufficient condition is given in order to achieve this lower bound. Finally, we show that this lower bound can be attained by the maximum likelihood estimator in the censored case and hence it is local asymptotic minimax efficient.

  16. Local asymptotic normality and asymptotical minimax efficiency of the MLE under random censorship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Here we study the problems of local asymptotic normality of the parametric family of distributions and asymptotic minimax efficient estimators when the observations are subject to right censoring. Local asymptotic normality will be established under some mild regularity conditions. A lower bound for local asymptotic minimax risk is given with respect to a bowl-shaped loss function, and furthermore a necessary and sufficient condition is given in order to achieve this lower bound. Finally, we show that this lower bound can be attained by the maximum likelihood estimator in the censored case and hence it is local asymptotic minimax efficient.

  17. Facial-muscle weakness, speech disorders and dysphagia are common in patients with classic infantile Pompe disease treated with enzyme therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.M. Van Gelder (Carin); C.I. van Capelle (Carine); B.J. Ebbink; I. Moor-van Nugteren; J.M.P. van den Hout (Johanna); M.M. Hakkesteegt (Marieke); P.A. van Doorn (Pieter); I.F.M. de Coo (René); A.J.J. Reuser (Arnold); H.H.W. de Gier (Henriette); A.T. van der Ploeg (Ans)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractClassic infantile Pompe disease is an inherited generalized glycogen storage disorder caused by deficiency of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase. If left untreated, patients die before one year of age. Although enzyme-replacement therapy (ERT) has significantly prolonged lifespan, it has also

  18. Peripheral facial weakness (Bell's palsy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basić-Kes, Vanja; Dobrota, Vesna Dermanović; Cesarik, Marijan; Matovina, Lucija Zadro; Madzar, Zrinko; Zavoreo, Iris; Demarin, Vida

    2013-06-01

    Peripheral facial weakness is a facial nerve damage that results in muscle weakness on one side of the face. It may be idiopathic (Bell's palsy) or may have a detectable cause. Almost 80% of peripheral facial weakness cases are primary and the rest of them are secondary. The most frequent causes of secondary peripheral facial weakness are systemic viral infections, trauma, surgery, diabetes, local infections, tumor, immune disorders, drugs, degenerative diseases of the central nervous system, etc. The diagnosis relies upon the presence of typical signs and symptoms, blood chemistry tests, cerebrospinal fluid investigations, nerve conduction studies and neuroimaging methods (cerebral MRI, x-ray of the skull and mastoid). Treatment of secondary peripheral facial weakness is based on therapy for the underlying disorder, unlike the treatment of Bell's palsy that is controversial due to the lack of large, randomized, controlled, prospective studies. There are some indications that steroids or antiviral agents are beneficial but there are also studies that show no beneficial effect. Additional treatments include eye protection, physiotherapy, acupuncture, botulinum toxin, or surgery. Bell's palsy has a benign prognosis with complete recovery in about 80% of patients, 15% experience some mode of permanent nerve damage and severe consequences remain in 5% of patients.

  19. Continuum Coupling and Pair Correlation in Weakly Bound Deformed Nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Oba, Hiroshi

    2009-01-01

    We formulate a new Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method applicable to weakly bound deformed nuclei using the coordinate-space Green's function technique. An emphasis is put on treatment of quasiparticle states in the continuum, on which we impose the correct boundary condition of the asymptotic out-going wave. We illustrate this method with numerical examples.

  20. Analytical solutions of weakly coupled map lattices using recurrence relations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sotelo Herrera, Dolores, E-mail: dsh@dfmf.uned.e [Applied Maths, EUITI, UPM, Ronda de Valencia, 3-28012 Madrid (Spain); San Martin, Jesus [Applied Maths, EUITI, UPM, Ronda de Valencia, 3-28012 Madrid (Spain); Dep. Fisica Matematica y de Fluidos, UNED, Senda del Rey 9-28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2009-07-20

    By using asymptotic methods recurrence relations are found that rule weakly CML evolution, with both global and diffusive coupling. The solutions obtained from these relations are very general because they do not hold restrictions about boundary conditions, initial conditions and number of oscilators in the CML. Furthermore, oscillators are ruled by an arbitraty C{sup 2} function.

  1. Self-similar cosmological solutions with dark energy. I. Formulation and asymptotic analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Tomohiro; Maeda, Hideki; Carr, B. J.

    2008-01-01

    Based on the asymptotic analysis of ordinary differential equations, we classify all spherically symmetric self-similar solutions to the Einstein equations which are asymptotically Friedmann at large distances and contain a perfect fluid with equation of state p=(γ-1)μ with 0antigravity. This extends the previous analysis of spherically symmetric self-similar solutions for fluids with positive pressure (γ>1). However, in the latter case there is an additional parameter associated with the weak discontinuity at the sonic point and the solutions are only asymptotically “quasi-Friedmann,” in the sense that they exhibit an angle deficit at large distances. In the 0<γ<2/3 case, there is no sonic point and there exists a one-parameter family of solutions which are genuinely asymptotically Friedmann at large distances. We find eight classes of asymptotic behavior: Friedmann or quasi-Friedmann or quasistatic or constant-velocity at large distances, quasi-Friedmann or positive-mass singular or negative-mass singular at small distances, and quasi-Kantowski-Sachs at intermediate distances. The self-similar asymptotically quasistatic and quasi-Kantowski-Sachs solutions are analytically extendible and of great cosmological interest. We also investigate their conformal diagrams. The results of the present analysis are utilized in an accompanying paper to obtain and physically interpret numerical solutions.

  2. Practical calculation of the beam scintillation index based on the rigorous asymptotic propagation theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charnotskii, Mikhail; Baker, Gary J.

    2011-06-01

    Asymptotic theory of the finite beam scintillations (Charnotskii, WRM, 1994, JOSA A, 2010) provides an exhaustive description of the dependence of the beam scintillation index on the propagation conditions, beam size and focusing. However the complexity of the asymptotic configuration makes it difficult to apply these results for the practical calculations of the scintillation index (SI). We propose an estimation technique and demonstrate some examples of the calculations of the scintillation index dependence on the propagation path length, initial beam size, wavelength and turbulence strength for the beam geometries and propagation scenarios that are typical for applications. We suggest simple analytic bridging approximations that connect the specific asymptotes with the accuracy sufficient for the engineering estimates. Proposed technique covers propagation of the wide, narrow, collimated and focused beams under the weak and strong scintillation conditions. Direct numeric simulation of the beam waves propagation through turbulence expediently complements the asymptotic theory being most efficient when the governing scales difference is not very large. We performed numerical simulations of the beam wave propagation through turbulence for conditions that partially overlap with the major parameter space domains of the asymptotic theory. The results of the numeric simulation are used to confirm the asymptotic theory and estimate the accuracy of the bridging approximations.

  3. Asymptotics of Simple Branching Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huillet, Thierry; Kłopotowski, Andrzej; Porzio, Anna

    1995-09-01

    In this paper we study a simple deterministic tree structure: an initial individual generates a finite number of offspring, each of which has given integer valued lifetime, iterating the same procedure when dying. Three asymptotic distributions of this asynchronous deterministic branching procedure are considered: the generation distribution, the ability of individuals to generate offspring and the age distribution. Thermodynamic formalism is then developped to reveal the multifractal nature of the mass splitting associated to our process. On considère l'itération d'une structure déterministe arborescente selon laquelle un ancêtre engendre un nombre fini de descendants dont la durée de vie (à valeurs entières) est donnée. Dans un premier temps on s'intéresse aux trois distributions asymptotiques suivantes : répartition des générations, aptitude à engendrer des descendants et répartition selon l'âge. Ensuite nous développons le formalisme thermodynamique pour mettre en évidence le caractère multifractal de la scission d'une masse unitaire associée à cette arborescence.

  4. Ultraviolet asymptotics of glueball propagators

    CERN Document Server

    Bochicchio, M

    2013-01-01

    We point out that perturbation theory in conjunction with the renormalization group (RG) puts a severe constraint on the structure of the large-N non-perturbative glueball propagators in SU(N) pure YM, in QCD and in n=1 SUSY QCD with massless quarks, or in any confining asymptotically-free gauge theory massless in perturbation theory. For the scalar and pseudoscalar glueball propagators in pure YM and QCD with massless quarks we check in detail the RG-improved estimate to the order of the leading and next-to-leading logarithms by means of a remarkable three-loop computation by Chetyrkin et al. We investigate as to whether the aforementioned constraint is satisfied by any of the scalar or pseudoscalar glueball propagators computed in the framework of the AdS String/ large-N Gauge Theory correspondence and of a recent proposal based on a Topological Field Theory underlying the large-N limit of YM. We find that none of the proposals for the scalar or the pseudoscalar glueball propagators based on the AdS String/...

  5. Time—periodic weak solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Henriques de Brito

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available In continuing from previous papers, where we studied the existence and uniqueness of the global solution and its asymptotic behavior as time t goes to infinity, we now search for a time-periodic weak solution u(t for the equation whose weak formulation in a Hilbert space H isddt(u′,v+δ(u′,v+αb(u,v+βa(u,v+(G(u,v=(h,vwhere: ′=d/dt; (′ is the inner product in H; b(u,v, a(u,v are given forms on subspaces U⊂W, respectively, of H; δ>0, α≥0, β≥0 are constants and α+β>0; G is the Gateaux derivative of a convex functional J:V⊂H→[0,∞ for V=U, when α>0 and V=W when α=0, hence β>0; v is a test function in V; h is a given function of t with values in H.

  6. Implicit predictor-corrector iteration process for finitely many asymptotically (quasi-nonexpansive mappings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wong NC

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We study an implicit predictor-corrector iteration process for finitely many asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive self-mappings on a nonempty closed convex subset of a Banach space . We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for the strong convergence of this iteration process to a common fixed point of these mappings. In the case is a uniformly convex Banach space and the mappings are asymptotically nonexpansive, we verify the weak (resp., strong convergence of this iteration process to a common fixed point of these mappings if Opial's condition is satisfied (resp., one of these mappings is semicompact. Our results improve and extend earlier and recent ones in the literature.

  7. Zeros and logarithmic asymptotics of Sobolev orthogonal polynomials for exponential weights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz Mendoza, C.; Orive, R.; Pijeira Cabrera, H.

    2009-12-01

    We obtain the (contracted) weak zero asymptotics for orthogonal polynomials with respect to Sobolev inner products with exponential weights in the real semiaxis, of the form , with [gamma]>0, which include as particular cases the counterparts of the so-called Freud (i.e., when [phi] has a polynomial growth at infinity) and Erdös (when [phi] grows faster than any polynomial at infinity) weights. In addition, the boundness of the distance of the zeros of these Sobolev orthogonal polynomials to the convex hull of the support and, as a consequence, a result on logarithmic asymptotics are derived.

  8. Asymptotic Safety, Emergence and Minimal Length

    CERN Document Server

    Percacci, R

    2010-01-01

    There seems to be a common prejudice that asymptotic safety is either incompatible with, or at best unrelated to, the other topics in the title. This is not the case. In fact, we show that 1) the existence of a fixed point with suitable properties is a promising way of deriving emergent properties of gravity, and 2) there is a precise sense in which asymptotic safety implies a minimal length. In so doing we also discuss possible signatures of asymptotic safety in scattering experiments.

  9. ASYMPTOTIC STABILITIES OF STOCHASTIC FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Yi; JIANG Ming-hui; LIAO Xiao-xin

    2006-01-01

    Asymptotic characteristic of solution of the stochastic functional differential equation was discussed and sufficient condition was established by multiple Lyapunov functions for locating the limit set of t he solution. Moreover, from them many effective criteria on stochastic asymptotic stability, which enable us to construct the Lyapunov functions much more easily in application, were obtained. The results show that the wellknown classical theorem on stochastic asymptotic stability is a special case of our more general results. In the end, application in stochastic Hopfield neural networks is given to verify our results.

  10. On Weak Regular *-semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong Hua LI; Hai Bin KAN; Bing Jun YU

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, a special kind of partial algebras called projective partial groupoids is defined.It is proved that the inverse image of all projections of a fundamental weak regular *-semigroup under the homomorphism induced by the maximum idempotent-separating congruence of a weak regular *-semigroup has a projective partial groupoid structure. Moreover, a weak regular *-product which connects a fundamental weak regular *-semigroup with corresponding projective partial groupoid is defined and characterized. It is finally proved that every weak regular *-product is in fact a weak regular *-semigroup and any weak regular *-semigroup is constructed in this way.

  11. Asymptotic silence in loop quantum cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Mielczarek, Jakub

    2012-01-01

    The state of asymptotic silence, characterized by causal disconnection of the space points, emerges from various approaches aiming to describe gravitational phenomena in the limit of large curvatures. In particular, such behavior was anticipated by Belinsky, Khalatnikov and Lifshitz (BKL) in their famous conjecture put forward in the early seventies of the last century. While the BKL conjecture is based on purely classical considerations, one can expect that asymptotic silence should have its quantum counterpart at the level of a more fundamental theory of quantum gravity, which is the relevant description of gravitational phenomena in the limit of large energy densities. Here, we summarize some recent results which give support to such a possibility. More precisely, we discuss occurrence of the asymptotic silence due to polymerization of space at the Planck scale, in the framework of loop quantum cosmology. In the discussed model, the state of asymptotic silence is realized at the energy density $\\rho = \\rho...

  12. Nonsymmetric gravity does have acceptable global asymptotics

    CERN Document Server

    Cornish, N J

    1994-01-01

    "Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated" - Mark Twain. We consider the claim by Damour, Deser and McCarthy that nonsymmetric gravity theory has unacceptable global asymptotics. We explain why this claim is incorrect.

  13. Asymptotic Evolution of Random Unitary Operations

    CERN Document Server

    Novotny, J; Jex, I

    2009-01-01

    We analyze the asymptotic dynamics of quantum systems resulting from large numbers of iterations of random unitary operations. Although, in general, these quantum operations cannot be diagonalized it is shown that their resulting asymptotic dynamics is described by a diagonalizable superoperator. We prove that this asymptotic dynamics takes place in a typically low dimensional attractor space which is independent of the probability distribution of the unitary operations applied. This vector space is spanned by all eigenvectors of the unitary operations involved which are associated with eigenvalues of unit modulus. Implications for possible asymptotic dynamics of iterated random unitary operations are presented and exemplified in an example involving random controlled-not operations acting on two qubits.

  14. The Lorentzian proper vertex amplitude: Asymptotics

    CERN Document Server

    Engle, Jonathan; Zipfel, Antonia

    2015-01-01

    In previous work, the Lorentzian proper vertex amplitude for a spin-foam model of quantum gravity was derived. In the present work, the asymptotics of this amplitude are studied in the semi-classical limit. The starting point of the analysis is an expression for the amplitude as an action integral with action differing from that in the EPRL case by an extra `projector' term which scales linearly with spins only in the asymptotic limit. New tools are introduced to generalize stationary phase methods to this case. For the case of boundary data which can be glued to a non-degenerate Lorentzian 4-simplex, the asymptotic limit of the amplitude is shown to equal the single Feynman term, showing that the extra term in the asymptotics of the EPRL amplitude has been eliminated.

  15. Hermite polynomials and quasi-classical asymptotics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ali, S. Twareque, E-mail: twareque.ali@concordia.ca [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec H3G 1M8 (Canada); Engliš, Miroslav, E-mail: englis@math.cas.cz [Mathematics Institute, Silesian University in Opava, Na Rybníčku 1, 74601 Opava, Czech Republic and Mathematics Institute, Žitná 25, 11567 Prague 1 (Czech Republic)

    2014-04-15

    We study an unorthodox variant of the Berezin-Toeplitz type of quantization scheme, on a reproducing kernel Hilbert space generated by the real Hermite polynomials and work out the associated quasi-classical asymptotics.

  16. Large Deviations and Asymptotic Methods in Finance

    CERN Document Server

    Gatheral, Jim; Gulisashvili, Archil; Jacquier, Antoine; Teichmann, Josef

    2015-01-01

    Topics covered in this volume (large deviations, differential geometry, asymptotic expansions, central limit theorems) give a full picture of the current advances in the application of asymptotic methods in mathematical finance, and thereby provide rigorous solutions to important mathematical and financial issues, such as implied volatility asymptotics, local volatility extrapolation, systemic risk and volatility estimation. This volume gathers together ground-breaking results in this field by some of its leading experts. Over the past decade, asymptotic methods have played an increasingly important role in the study of the behaviour of (financial) models. These methods provide a useful alternative to numerical methods in settings where the latter may lose accuracy (in extremes such as small and large strikes, and small maturities), and lead to a clearer understanding of the behaviour of models, and of the influence of parameters on this behaviour. Graduate students, researchers and practitioners will find th...

  17. The trouble with asymptotically safe inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Fang, Chao

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the perturbation theory of the asymptotically safe inflation and we find that all modes of gravitational waves perturbation become ghosts in order to achieve a large enough number of e-folds. Formally we can calculate the power spectrum of gravitational waves perturbation, but we find that it is negative. It indicates that there is serious trouble with the asymptotically safe inflation.

  18. A Shortcut to LAD Estimator Asymptotics

    OpenAIRE

    1990-01-01

    Using generalized functions of random variables and generalized Taylor series expansions, we provide almost trivial demonstrations of the asymptotic theory for the LAD estimator in a regression model setting. The approach is justified by the smoothing that is delivered in the limit by the asymptotics, whereby the generalized functions are forced to appear as linear functionals wherein they become real valued. Models with fixed and random regressors, autoregressions and autoregressions with in...

  19. Parallelism, Uniqueness, and Large-Sample Asymptotics for the Dantzig Selector

    CERN Document Server

    Dicker, Lee

    2012-01-01

    The Dantzig selector (Candes and Tao, 2007) is a popular l1-regularization method for variable selection and estimation in linear regression. We present a very weak geometric condition on the observed predictors which is related to parallelism and, when satisfied, ensures the uniqueness of Dantzig selector estimators. The condition holds with probability 1, if the predictors are drawn from a continuous distribution. We discuss the necessity of this condition for uniqueness and also provide a closely related condition which ensures uniqueness of lasso estimators (Tibshirani, 1996). Large sample asymptotics for the Dantzig selector, i.e. almost sure convergence and the asymptotic distribution, follow directly from our uniqueness results and a continuity argument. The limiting distribution of the Dantzig selector is generally non-normal. Though our asymptotic results require that the number of predictors is fixed (similar to (Knight and Fu, 2000)), our uniqueness results are valid for an arbitrary number of pred...

  20. The Helmholtz decomposition of decreasing and weakly increasing vector fields

    CERN Document Server

    Petrascheck, D

    2015-01-01

    Helmholtz decomposition theorem for vector fields is presented usually with too strong restrictions on the fields. Based on the work of Blumenthal of 1905 it is shown that the decomposition of vector fields is not only possible for asymptotically weakly decreasing vector fields, but even for vector fields, which asymptotically increase sublinearly. Use is made of a regularizatin of the Greens function and the mathematics of the proof is formulated as simply as possible. We also show a few examples for the decomposition of vector fields including the electric dipole radiation.

  1. Low temperature vibrational spectroscopy. II. Evidence for order–disorder phase transitions due to weak C–H···Cl hydrogen bonding in tetramethylammonium hexachloroplatinate (IV), -tellurate (IV), and -stannate (IV) and the related perdeuterated compounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Rolf W.

    1978-01-01

    torsions and other noncubic features play a role, especially in spectra at low temperatures. Possible site symmetries of the [PtCl6]2− ion, which cannot have strictly Oh symmetry in either phase, have been deduced. The spectra of a mixed Pt : Te compound showed that the hexachlorometallate anions vibrate...... approximately independent of each other. The results have been compared with von der Ohe's recent extensive low temperature Raman study on protonated compounds with M=U, Sn, and Zr, and his conclusions are discussed. It is shown that crystals of this kind can be characterized by methyl–chlorine interaction...... and it is suggested that the phase transitions are caused by an ordering of rotationally disordered methyl groups via the formation of weak C–H···Cl hydrogen bonds at low temperatures. The transition temperatures and hence the interactions are shown to depend on both the kind of hydrogen isotope and metal present...

  2. The strong side of weak topological insulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, Yaacov; Ringel, Zohar; Stern, Ady

    2012-02-01

    Three-dimensional topological insulators are classified into ``strong'' (STI) and ``weak'' (WTI) according to the nature of their surface states. While the surface states of the STI are topologically protected, in the WTI they are believed to be very fragile to disorder. In this work we show that the WTI surface states are actually protected from any random perturbation which does not break time-reversal symmetry, and does not close the bulk energy gap. Consequently, the conductivity of metallic surfaces in the clean system will remain finite even in the presence of strong disorder of this type. In the weak disorder limit the surfaces are perfect metals, and strong surface disorder only acts to push them inwards. We find that WTI's differ from STI's primarily in their anisotropy, and that the anisotropy is not a sign of their weakness but rather of their richness.

  3. Self-similar cosmological solutions with dark energy I: formulation and asymptotic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Harada, Tomohiro; Carr, B J

    2007-01-01

    Based on the asymptotic analysis of ordinary differential equations, we classify all spherically symmetric self-similar solutions to the Einstein equations which are asymptotically Friedmann at large distances and contain a perfect fluid with equation of state $p=(\\gamma -1)\\mu$ with $01$). However, in the latter case there is an additional parameter associated with the weak discontinuity at the sonic point and the solutions are only asymptotically ``quasi-Friedmann'', in the sense that they exhibit an angle deficit at large distances. In the $0<\\gamma<2/3$ case, there is no sonic point and there exists a one-parameter family of solutions which are {\\it genuinely} asymptotically Friedmann at large distances. We find eight classes of asymptotic behavior: Friedmann or quasi-Friedmann or quasi-static or constant-velocity at large distances, quasi-Friedmann or positive-mass singular or negative-mass singular at small distances, or quasi-Kantowski-Sachs at intermediate distances. The self-similar asymptotica...

  4. Cofinitely weak supplemented modules

    OpenAIRE

    Alizade, Rafail; Büyükaşık, Engin

    2003-01-01

    We prove that a module M is cofinitely weak supplemented or briefly cws (i.e., every submodule N of M with M/N finitely generated, has a weak supplement) if and only if every maximal submodule has a weak supplement. If M is a cws-module then every M-generated module is a cws-module. Every module is cws if and only if the ring is semilocal. We study also modules, whose finitely generated submodules have weak supplements.

  5. GENERALIZED WEAK FUNCTIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁夏畦; 罗佩珠

    2004-01-01

    In this paper the authors introduce some new ideas on generalized numbers and generalized weak functions. They prove that the product of any two weak functions is a generalized weak function. So in particular they solve the problem of the multiplication of two generalized functions.

  6. Reverse Smoothing Effects, Fine Asymptotics, and Harnack Inequalities for Fast Diffusion Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonforte Matteo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate local and global properties of positive solutions to the fast diffusion equation in the good exponent range , corresponding to general nonnegative initial data. For the Cauchy problem posed in the whole Euclidean space , we prove sharp local positivity estimates (weak Harnack inequalities and elliptic Harnack inequalities; also a slight improvement of the intrinsic Harnack inequality is given. We use them to derive sharp global positivity estimates and a global Harnack principle. Consequences of these latter estimates in terms of fine asymptotics are shown. For the mixed initial and boundary value problem posed in a bounded domain of with homogeneous Dirichlet condition, we prove weak, intrinsic, and elliptic Harnack inequalities for intermediate times. We also prove elliptic Harnack inequalities near the extinction time, as a consequence of the study of the fine asymptotic behavior near the finite extinction time.

  7. The optimal homotopy asymptotic method engineering applications

    CERN Document Server

    Marinca, Vasile

    2015-01-01

    This book emphasizes in detail the applicability of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method to various engineering problems. It is a continuation of the book “Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Engineering: Some Approximate Approaches”, published at Springer in 2011, and it contains a great amount of practical models from various fields of engineering such as classical and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, nonlinear oscillations, electrical machines, and so on. The main structure of the book consists of 5 chapters. The first chapter is introductory while the second chapter is devoted to a short history of the development of homotopy methods, including the basic ideas of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method. The last three chapters, from Chapter 3 to Chapter 5, are introducing three distinct alternatives of the Optimal Homotopy Asymptotic Method with illustrative applications to nonlinear dynamical systems. The third chapter deals with the first alternative of our approach with two iterations. Five application...

  8. Lectures on renormalization and asymptotic safety

    CERN Document Server

    Nagy, Sandor

    2012-01-01

    A short introduction is given on the functional renormalization group method, putting emphasis on its nonperturbative aspects. The method enables to find nontrivial fixed points in quantum field theoretic models which make them free from divergences and leads to the concept of asymptotic safety. It can be considered as a generalization of the asymptotic freedom which plays a key role in the perturbative renormalization. We summarize and give a short discussion of some important models, which are asymptotically safe such as the Gross-Neveu model, the nonlinear $\\sigma$ model, the sine-Gordon model, and the model of quantum Einstein gravity. We also give a detailed analysis of infrared behavior of the models where a spontaneous symmetry breaking takes place. The deep infrared behavior of the broken phase cannot be treated within the framework of perturbative calculations. We demonstrate that there exists an infrared fixed point in the broken phase which creates a new scaling regime there, however its structure ...

  9. Asymptotic analysis of outwardly propagating spherical flames

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun-Chao Wu; Zheng Chen

    2012-01-01

    Asymptotic analysis is conducted for outwardly propagating spherical flames with large activation energy.The spherical flame structure consists of the preheat zone,reaction zone,and equilibrium zone.Analytical solutions are separately obtained in these three zones and then asymptotically matched.In the asymptotic analysis,we derive a correlation describing the spherical flame temperature and propagation speed changing with the flame radius.This correlation is compared with previous results derived in the limit of infinite value of activation energy.Based on this correlation,the properties of spherical flame propagation are investigated and the effects of Lewis number on spherical flame propagation speed and extinction stretch rate are assessed.Moreover,the accuracy and performance of different models used in the spherical flame method are examined.It is found that in order to get accurate laminar flame speed and Markstein length,non-linear models should be used.

  10. Nanofluid surface wettability through asymptotic contact angle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vafaei, Saeid; Wen, Dongsheng; Borca-Tasciuc, Theodorian

    2011-03-15

    This investigation introduces the asymptotic contact angle as a criterion to quantify the surface wettability of nanofluids and determines the variation of solid surface tensions with nanofluid concentration and nanoparticle size. The asymptotic contact angle, which is only a function of gas-liquid-solid physical properties, is independent of droplet size for ideal surfaces and can be obtained by equating the normal component of interfacial force on an axisymmetric droplet to that of a spherical droplet. The technique is illustrated for a series of bismuth telluride nanofluids where the variation of surface wettability is measured and evaluated by asymptotic contact angles as a function of nanoparticle size, concentration, and substrate material. It is found that the variation of nanofluid concentration, nanoparticle size, and substrate modifies both the gas-liquid and solid surface tensions, which consequently affects the force balance at the triple line, the contact angle, and surface wettability.

  11. Relations between asymptotic and Fredholm representations

    CERN Document Server

    Manuilov, V M

    1997-01-01

    We prove that for matrix algebras $M_n$ there exists a monomorphism $(\\prod_n M_n/\\oplus_n M_n)\\otimes C(S^1) \\to {\\cal Q} $ into the Calkin algebra which induces an isomorphism of the $K_1$-groups. As a consequence we show that every vector bundle over a classifying space $B\\pi$ which can be obtained from an asymptotic representation of a discrete group $\\pi$ can be obtained also from a representation of the group $\\pi\\times Z$ into the Calkin algebra. We give also a generalization of the notion of Fredholm representation and show that asymptotic representations can be viewed as asymptotic Fredholm representations.

  12. On generalized Nariai solutions and their asymptotics

    CERN Document Server

    Beyer, Florian

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the class of generalized Nariai solutions of Einstein's field equations in vacuum with a positive cosmological constant. According to the cosmic no-hair conjecture, generic expanding solutions isotropize and approach the de-Sitter solution asymptotically, at least locally in space. The generalized Nariai solutions, however, show quite unusual asymptotics and hence should be non-generic in some sense. In the first part of the paper, we list the necessary facts and characterize the asymptotic behavior geometrically. In the second part, we study the question of non-genericity, which we are able to confirm within the class of spatially homogeneous solutions. It turns out that perturbations of the three isometry classes of generalized Nariai solutions are related to different mass regimes of Schwarzschild de-Sitter solutions. In subsequent papers, we will continue this research in more general classes of solutions.

  13. On a Fully Nonlinear Parabolic Equation and the Asymptotic Behaviour of its Solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    and Universidad Complutense de Madrid , SPAIN " Sponsored by the United States Army under Contract No flAAG29-80-C-0041. l opy VNSPECrc>/ A2...weakly in H (Q), when t + ¶, to a function 0 * Universidad de Santander and Universidad Complutense de Madrid , SPAIN Sponsored hy the United States Army...variational inequality ’i accretive operator, asymptotic behaviour / . ~, 4, Work Unit Number 1 (Applied Analysis) " / . / " *• Universidad de Santander

  14. Asymptotic normality and strong consistency of maximum quasi-likelihood estimates in generalized linear models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN; Changming; ZHAO; Lincheng; WEI; Chengdong

    2006-01-01

    In a generalized linear model with q × 1 responses, the bounded and fixed (or adaptive) p × q regressors Zi and the general link function, under the most general assumption on the minimum eigenvalue of ∑ni=1 ZiZ'i, the moment condition on responses as weak as possible and the other mild regular conditions, we prove that the maximum quasi-likelihood estimates for the regression parameter vector are asymptotically normal and strongly consistent.

  15. On the Conditions for the Orbitally Asymptotical Stability of the Almost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@This paper studies the behaviors of the solutions in the vicinity of a givenalmost periodic solution of the autonomous system x′=f(x), x Rn , (1) where f C1 (Rn ,Rn ). Since the periodic solutions of the autonomous system are not Liapunov asymptotic stable, we consider the weak orbitally stability.   For the planar autonomous systems (n=2), the classical result of orbitally stability about its periodic solution with period w belongs to Poincare, i.e.

  16. The n-th prime asymptotically

    CERN Document Server

    de Reyna, Juan Arias

    2012-01-01

    A new derivation of the classic asymptotic expansion of the n-th prime is presented. A fast algorithm for the computation of its terms is also given, which will be an improvement of that by Salvy (1994). Realistic bounds for the error with $\\li^{-1}(n)$, after having retained the first m terms, for $1\\le m\\le 11$, are given. Finally, assuming the Riemann Hypothesis, we give estimations of the best possible $r_3$ such that, for $n\\ge r_3$, we have $p_n> s_3(n)$ where $s_3(n)$ is the sum of the first four terms of the asymptotic expansion.

  17. Asymptotics of a horizontal liquid bridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, M.; O'Brien, S. B. G.; Benilov, E. S.

    2016-04-01

    This paper uses asymptotic techniques to find the shape of a two dimensional liquid bridge suspended between two vertical walls. We model the equilibrium bridge shape using the Laplace-Young equation. We use the Bond number as a small parameter to deduce an asymptotic solution which is then compared with numerical solutions. The perturbation approach demonstrates that equilibrium is only possible if the contact angle lies within a hysteresis interval and the analysis relates the width of this interval to the Bond number. This result is verified by comparison with a global force balance. In addition, we examine the quasi-static evolution of such a two dimensional bridge.

  18. Semiclassical Asymptotics on Manifolds with Boundary

    CERN Document Server

    Koldan, Nilufer; Shubin, Mikhail

    2008-01-01

    We discuss semiclassical asymptotics for the eigenvalues of the Witten Laplacian for compact manifolds with boundary in the presence of a general Riemannian metric. To this end, we modify and use the variational method suggested by Kordyukov, Mathai and Shubin (2005), with a more extended use of quadratic forms instead of the operators. We also utilize some important ideas and technical elements from Helffer and Nier (2006), who were the first to supply a complete proof of the full semi-classical asymptotic expansions for the eigenvalues with fixed numbers.

  19. Asymptotic Methods for Solitary Solutions and Compactons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Huan He

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an elementary introduction to some new asymptotic methods for the search for the solitary solutions of nonlinear differential equations, nonlinear differential-difference equations, and nonlinear fractional differential equations. Particular attention is paid throughout the paper to giving an intuitive grasp for the variational approach, the Hamiltonian approach, the variational iteration method, the homotopy perturbation method, the parameter-expansion method, the Yang-Laplace transform, the Yang-Fourier transform, and ancient Chinese mathematics. Hamilton principle and variational principles are also emphasized. The reviewed asymptotic methods are easy to be followed for various applications. Some ideas on this paper are first appeared.

  20. Asymptotic expansions for the Gaussian unitary ensemble

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haagerup, Uffe; Thorbjørnsen, Steen

    2012-01-01

    Let g : R ¿ C be a C8-function with all derivatives bounded and let trn denote the normalized trace on the n × n matrices. In Ref. 3 Ercolani and McLaughlin established asymptotic expansions of the mean value ¿{trn(g(Xn))} for a rather general class of random matrices Xn, including the Gaussian...... Unitary Ensemble (GUE). Using an analytical approach, we provide in the present paper an alternative proof of this asymptotic expansion in the GUE case. Specifically we derive for a random matrix Xn that where k is an arbitrary positive integer. Considered as mappings of g, we determine the coefficients...

  1. Asymptotic stability of singularly perturbed differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artstein, Zvi

    2017-02-01

    Asymptotic stability is examined for singularly perturbed ordinary differential equations that may not possess a natural split into fast and slow motions. Rather, the right hand side of the equation is comprised of a singularly perturbed component and a regular one. The limit dynamics consists then of Young measures, with values being invariant measures of the fast contribution, drifted by the slow one. Relations between the asymptotic stability of the perturbed system and the limit dynamics are examined, and a Lyapunov functions criterion, based on averaging, is established.

  2. Common fixed points of new iterations for two asymptotically nonexpansive nonself-mappings in a Banach space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thianwan, Sornsak

    2009-02-01

    In this paper, we introduce a new two-step iterative scheme for two asymptotically nonexpansive nonself-mappings in a uniformly convex Banach space. Weak and strong convergence theorems are established for the new two-step iterative scheme in a uniformly convex Banach space.

  3. Convergence Theorems on a New Iteration Process for Two Asymptotically Nonexpansive Nonself-Mappings with Errors in Banach Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Ozdemir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a new two-step iterative scheme for two asymptotically nonexpansive nonself-mappings in a uniformly convex Banach space. Weak and strong convergence theorems are established for this iterative scheme in a uniformly convex Banach space. The results presented extend and improve the corresponding results of Chidume et al. (2003, Wang (2006, Shahzad (2005, and Thianwan (2008.

  4. Some stationary weak solutions to inhomogeneous Landau-Lifshitz equations in three dimensions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG Dao-yuan; LI Tai-long; XUE Ru-ying

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we describe several stationary conditions on weak solutions to the inhomogeneous Landau-Lifshitz equation, which ensure the partial regularity. For certain class of proper stationary weak solutions, a compactness result of the solutions, a finite Hausdorff measure result of the t-slice energy concentration sets and an asymptotic limit result of the Radon measures are proved. We also present a subtle rectifiability result for the energy concentration set of certain sequence of strong stationary weak solutions.

  5. ON THE EXISTENCE OF FIXED POINTS FOR MAPPINGS OF ASYMPTOTICALLY NONEXPANSIVE TYPE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Luchuan

    2004-01-01

    Let C be a nonempty weakly compact convex subset of a Banach space X, and T: C → C a mapping of asymptotically nonexpansive type. Then there hold the following conclusions: (I) if X has uniform normal structure and limsup |||TjN||| <√N(X), where j→∞ |||TjN||| is the exact Lipschitz constant of TjN , N is some positive integer, and N(X) is the normal structure coefficient of X, then T has a fixed point; (ii) if X is uniformly convex in every direction and has weak uniform normal structure, then T has a fixed point.

  6. On Weakly Semicommutative Rings*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN WEI-XING; CUI SHU-YING

    2011-01-01

    A ring R is said to be weakly scmicommutative if for any a, b ∈ R,ab = 0 implies aRb C_ Nil(R), where Nil(R) is the set of all nilpotcnt elements in R.In this note, we clarify the relationship between weakly semicommutative rings and NI-rings by proving that the notion of a weakly semicommutative ring is a proper generalization of NI-rings. We say that a ring R is weakly 2-primal if the set of nilpotent elements in R coincides with its Levitzki radical, and prove that if R is a weakly 2-primal ring which satisfies oα-condition for an endomorphism α of R (that is, ab = 0 (←→) aα(b) = 0 where a, b ∈ R) then the skew polynomial ring R[π; αα]is a weakly 2-primal ring, and that if R is a ring and I is an ideal of R such that I and R/I are both weakly semicommutative then R is weakly semicommutative.Those extend the main results of Liang et al. 2007 (Taiwanese J. Math., 11(5)(2007),1359-1368) considerably. Moreover, several new results about weakly semicommutative rings and NI-rings are included.

  7. Asymptotic Distributions for Tests of Combined Significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Betsy Jane

    This paper discusses distribution theory and power computations for four common "tests of combined significance." These tests are calculated using one-sided sample probabilities or p values from independent studies (or hypothesis tests), and provide an overall significance level for the series of results. Noncentral asymptotic sampling…

  8. Breaking a magnetic zero locus: asymptotic analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Raymond, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    25 pages; This paper deals with the spectral analysis of the Laplacian in presence of a magnetic field vanishing along a broken line. Denoting by $\\theta$ the breaking angle, we prove complete asymptotic expansions of all the lowest eigenpairs when $\\theta$ goes to $0$. The investigation deeply uses a coherent states decomposition and a microlocal analysis of the eigenfunctions.

  9. Asymptotic iteration approach to supersymmetric bistable potentials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H. Ciftci; O. ozer; P. Roy

    2012-01-01

    We examine quasi exactly solvable bistable potentials and their supersymmetric partners within the framework of the asymptotic iteration method (AIM).It is shown that the AIM produces excellent approximate spectra and that sometimes it is found to be more useful to use the partner potential for computation. We also discuss the direct application of the AIM to the Fokker-Planck equation.

  10. The conformal approach to asymptotic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Nicolas, Jean-Philippe

    2015-01-01

    This essay was written as an extended version of a talk given at a conference in Strasbourg on "Riemann, Einstein and geometry", organized by Athanase Papadopoulos in September 2014. Its aim is to present Roger Penrose's approach to asymptotic analysis in general relativity, which is based on conformal geometric techniques, focusing on historical and recent aspects of two specialized topics~: conformal scattering and peeling.

  11. An asymptotically optimal nonparametric adaptive controller

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雷; 谢亮亮

    2000-01-01

    For discrete-time nonlinear stochastic systems with unknown nonparametric structure, a kernel estimation-based nonparametric adaptive controller is constructed based on truncated certainty equivalence principle. Global stability and asymptotic optimality of the closed-loop systems are established without resorting to any external excitations.

  12. Asymptotic symmetry algebra of conformal gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Irakleidou, M

    2016-01-01

    We compute asymptotic symmetry algebras of conformal gravity. Due to more general boundary conditions allowed in conformal gravity in comparison to those in Einstein gravity, we can classify the corresponding algebras. The highest algebra for non-trivial boundary conditions is five dimensional and it leads to global geon solution with non-vanishing charges.

  13. On the Asymptotic Distribution of Signal Fraction

    CERN Document Server

    Volobouev, Igor

    2016-01-01

    Condition of the asymptotic normality of the signal fraction estimate by maximum likelihood is derived under the null hypothesis of no signal. Consequences of this condition for determination of signal significance taking in to account the look elsewhere effect are discussed.

  14. Large degree asymptotics of generalized Bessel polynomials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.L. López; N.M. Temme (Nico)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractAsymptotic expansions are given for large values of $n$ of the generalized Bessel polynomials $Y_n^\\mu(z)$. The analysis is based on integrals that follow from the generating functions of the polynomials. A new simple expansion is given that is valid outside a compact neighborhood of the

  15. THE COMPLETE ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSION FOR BASKAKOV OPERATORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chungou Zhang; Quane Wang

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we derive the complete asymptotic expansion of classical Baskakov itly in terms of Stirling number of the first and second kind and another number G(I, p). As a corollary, we also get the Voronovskaja-type result for the operators.

  16. Fixed Point Theorems for Asymptotically Contractive Multimappings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Djedidi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We present fixed point theorems for a nonexpansive set-valued mapping from a closed convex subset of a reflexive Banach space into itself under some asymptotic contraction assumptions. Some existence results of coincidence points and eigenvalues for multimappings are given.

  17. Couplings and Asymptotic Exponentiality of Exit Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassesco, S.; Olivieri, E.; Vares, M. E.

    1998-10-01

    The goal of this note is simply to call attention to the resulting simplification in the proof of asymptotic exponentiality of exit times in the Freidlin-Wentzell regime (as proved by F. Martinelli et al.) by using the coupling proposed by T. Lindvall and C. Rogers.

  18. Toeplitz Quantization and Asymptotic Expansions: Geometric Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Englis

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available For a real symmetric domain G_R/K_R, with complexification G_C/K_C, we introduce the concept of ''star-restriction'' (a real analogue of the ''star-products'' for quantization of Kähler manifolds and give a geometric construction of the G_R-invariant differential operators yielding its asymptotic expansion.

  19. On iterative procedures of asymptotic inference

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.O. Dzhaparidze (Kacha)

    1983-01-01

    textabstractAbstract  An informal discussion is given on performing an unconstrained maximization or solving non‐linear equations of statistics by iterative methods with the quadratic termination property. It is shown that if a miximized function, e.g. likelihood, is asymptotically quadratic, then f

  20. Asymptotically periodic solutions of Volterra integral equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad N. Islam

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We study the existence of asymptotically periodic solutions of a nonlinear Volterra integral equation. In the process, we obtain the existence of periodic solutions of an associated nonlinear integral equation with infinite delay. Schauder's fixed point theorem is used in the analysis.

  1. Asymptotic estimates for generalized Stirling numbers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chelluri, R.; Richmond, L.B.; Temme, N.M.

    1999-01-01

    Uniform asymptotic expansions are given for the Stirling numbers of the first kind for integral arguments and for the second kind as defined for real arguments by Flajolet and Prodinger. The logconcavity of the resulting real valued function of Flajolet and Prodinger is established for a range inclu

  2. On an asymptotically linear elliptic Dirichlet problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhitao Zhang

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Under very simple conditions, we prove the existence of one positive and one negative solution of an asymptotically linear elliptic boundary value problem. Even for the resonant case at infinity, we do not need to assume any more conditions to ensure the boundness of the (PS sequence of the corresponding functional. Moreover, the proof is very simple.

  3. Discrete Energy Asymptotics on a Riemannian circle

    CERN Document Server

    Brauchart, J S; Saff, E B

    2009-01-01

    We derive the complete asymptotic expansion in terms of powers of $N$ for the geodesic $f$-energy of $N$ equally spaced points on a rectifiable simple closed curve $\\Gamma$ in ${\\mathbb R}^p$, $p\\geq2$, as $N \\to \\infty$. For $f$ decreasing and convex, such a point configuration minimizes the $f$-energy $\\sum_{j\

  4. Asymptotic inversion of the Erlang B formula

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. van Leeuwaarden; N.M. Temme (Nico)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe Erlang B formula represents the steady-state blocking probability in the Erlang loss model or $M/M/s/s$ queue. We derive asymptotic expansions for the offered load that matches, for a given number of servers, a certain blocking probability. In addressing this inversion problem we mak

  5. Resonance asymptotics in the generalized Winter model

    CERN Document Server

    Exner, P; Exner, Pavel; Fraas, Martin

    2006-01-01

    We consider a modification of the Winter model describing a quantum particle in presence of a spherical barrier given by a fixed generalized point interaction. It is shown that the three classes of such interactions correspond to three different types of asymptotic behaviour of resonances of the model at high energies.

  6. Linear Approximation and Asymptotic Expansion of Solutions for a Nonlinear Carrier Wave Equation in an Annular Membrane with Robin-Dirichlet Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Thi Phuong Ngoc

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is devoted to the study of a nonlinear Carrier wave equation in an annular membrane associated with Robin-Dirichlet conditions. Existence and uniqueness of a weak solution are proved by using the linearization method for nonlinear terms combined with the Faedo-Galerkin method and the weak compact method. Furthermore, an asymptotic expansion of a weak solution of high order in a small parameter is established.

  7. Idiopathic isolated orbicularis weakness

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacVie, O P; Majid, M A; Husssin, H M; Ung, T; Manners, R M; Ormerod, I; Pawade, J; Harrad, R A

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Orbicularis weakness is commonly associated with seventh nerve palsy or neuromuscular and myopathic conditions such as myotonic dystrophy and myasethenia gravis. We report four cases of idiopathic isolated orbicularis weakness. Methods All four cases were female and the presenting symptoms of ocular irritation and epiphora had been present for over 7 years in three patients. All patients had lagophthalmos and three had ectropion. Three patients underwent full investigations which excluded known causes of orbicularis weakness. Two patients underwent oribularis oculi muscle biopsy and histological confirmation of orbicularis atrophy. Results All patients underwent surgery to specifically address the orbicularis weakness with satisfactory outcomes and alleviation of symptoms in all cases. Isolated orbicularis weakness may be a relatively common entity that is frequently overlooked. Conclusion Early recognition of this condition may lead to better management and prevent patients undergoing unnecessary surgical procedures. PMID:22322997

  8. Asymptotic expansion of the wavelet transform with error term

    OpenAIRE

    Pathak, R.S.; Pathak, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    UsingWong's technique asymptotic expansion for the wavelet transform is derived and thereby asymptotic expansions for Morlet wavelet transform, Mexican Hat wavelet transform and Haar wavelet transform are obtained.

  9. Muscle Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Your muscles help you move and help your body work. Different types of muscles have different jobs. There are many problems that can affect muscles. Muscle disorders can cause weakness, pain or even ...

  10. Locally Asymptotic-norming Property and Kadec Property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建华

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we study the three new asymptotic-norming properties which are called locally asymptotic-norming property κ, κ=Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,and discuss the relationship between the locally asymptotic-norming property and the Kadec Property.

  11. Preheating in an asymptotically safe quantum field theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Ole; Moghaddam, Hossein Bazrafshan; Brandenberger, Robert

    2016-01-01

    We consider reheating in a class of asymptotically safe quantum field theories recently studied in [D. F. Litim and F. Sannino, Asymptotic safety guaranteed, J. High Energy Phys. 12 (2014) 178; D. F. Litim, M. Mojaza, and F. Sannino, Vacuum stability of asymptotically safe gauge-Yukawa theories, ...

  12. Generalized gradient approximation exchange energy functional with correct asymptotic behavior of the corresponding potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carmona-Espíndola, Javier, E-mail: jcarmona-26@yahoo.com.mx [Departamento de Química, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, México D. F. 09340, México (Mexico); Gázquez, José L., E-mail: jlgm@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Química, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, México D. F. 09340, México (Mexico); Departamento de Química, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 2508, México D. F. 07360, México (Mexico); Vela, Alberto [Departamento de Química, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 2508, México D. F. 07360, México (Mexico); Trickey, S. B. [Quantum Theory Project, Department of Physics and Department of Chemistry, University of Florida, P.O. Box 118435, Gainesville, Florida 32611-8435 (United States)

    2015-02-07

    A new non-empirical exchange energy functional of the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) type, which gives an exchange potential with the correct asymptotic behavior, is developed and explored. In combination with the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) correlation energy functional, the new CAP-PBE (CAP stands for correct asymptotic potential) exchange-correlation functional gives heats of formation, ionization potentials, electron affinities, proton affinities, binding energies of weakly interacting systems, barrier heights for hydrogen and non-hydrogen transfer reactions, bond distances, and harmonic frequencies on standard test sets that are fully competitive with those obtained from other GGA-type functionals that do not have the correct asymptotic exchange potential behavior. Distinct from them, the new functional provides important improvements in quantities dependent upon response functions, e.g., static and dynamic polarizabilities and hyperpolarizabilities. CAP combined with the Lee-Yang-Parr correlation functional gives roughly equivalent results. Consideration of the computed dynamical polarizabilities in the context of the broad spectrum of other properties considered tips the balance to the non-empirical CAP-PBE combination. Intriguingly, these improvements arise primarily from improvements in the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals, and not from shifts in the associated eigenvalues. Those eigenvalues do not change dramatically with respect to eigenvalues from other GGA-type functionals that do not provide the correct asymptotic behavior of the potential. Unexpected behavior of the potential at intermediate distances from the nucleus explains this unexpected result and indicates a clear route for improvement.

  13. Asymptotic behavior of marginally trapped tubes in spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Catherine M.

    We begin by reviewing some fundamental features of general relativity, then outline the mathematical definitions of black holes, trapped surfaces, and marginally trapped tubes, first in general terms, then rigorously in the context of spherical symmetry. We describe explicitly the reduction of Einstein's equation on a spherically symmetric 4-dimensional Lorentzian manifold to a system of partial differential equations on a subset of 2-dimensional Minkowski space. We discuss the asymptotic behavior of marginally trapped tubes in the Schwarzschild, Vaidya, and Reisner-Nordstrom solutions to Einstein's equations in spherical symmetry, as well as in Einstein-Maxwell-scalar field black hole spacetimes generated by evolving certain classes of asymptotically flat initial data. Our first main result gives conditions on a general stress-energy tensor Talphabeta in a spherically symmetric black hole spacetime that are sufficient to guarantee that the black hole will contain a marginally trapped tube which is eventually achronal, connected, and asymptotic to the event horizon. Here "general" means that the matter model is arbitrary, subject only to a certain positive energy condition. A certain matter field decay rate, known as Price law decay in the literature, is not required per se for this asymptotic result, but such decay does imply that the marginally trapped tube has finite length with respect to the induced metric. In our second main result, we give two separate applications of the first theorem to self-gravitating Higgs field spacetimes, one using weak Price law decay, the other certain strong smallness and monotonicity assumptions.

  14. Weak decays. [Lectures, phenomenology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wojcicki, S.

    1978-11-01

    Lectures are given on weak decays from a phenomenological point of view, emphasizing new results and ideas and the relation of recent results to the new standard theoretical model. The general framework within which the weak decay is viewed and relevant fundamental questions, weak decays of noncharmed hadrons, decays of muons and the tau, and the decays of charmed particles are covered. Limitation is made to the discussion of those topics that either have received recent experimental attention or are relevant to the new physics. (JFP) 178 references

  15. Monotone Hybrid Projection Algorithms for an Infinitely Countable Family of Lipschitz Generalized Asymptotically Quasi-Nonexpansive Mappings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watcharaporn Cholamjiak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We prove a weak convergence theorem of the modified Mann iteration process for a uniformly Lipschitzian and generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mapping in a uniformly convex Banach space. We also introduce two kinds of new monotone hybrid methods and obtain strong convergence theorems for an infinitely countable family of uniformly Lipschitzian and generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings in a Hilbert space. The results improve and extend the corresponding ones announced by Kim and Xu (2006 and Nakajo and Takahashi (2003.

  16. Black holes and asymptotically safe gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Falls, Kevin; Raghuraman, Aarti

    2010-01-01

    Quantum gravitational corrections to black holes are studied in four and higher dimensions using a renormalisation group improvement of the metric. The quantum effects are worked out in detail for asymptotically safe gravity, where the short distance physics is characterized by a non-trivial fixed point of the gravitational coupling. We find that a weakening of gravity implies a decrease of the event horizon, and the existence of a Planck-size black hole remnant with vanishing temperature and vanishing heat capacity. The absence of curvature singularities is generic and discussed together with the conformal structure and the Penrose diagram of asymptotically safe black holes. The production cross section of mini-black holes in energetic particle collisions, such as those at the Large Hadron Collider, is analysed within low-scale quantum gravity models. Quantum gravity corrections imply that cross sections display a threshold, are suppressed in the Planckian, and reproduce the semi-classical result in the deep...

  17. Asymptotic dynamics of three-dimensional gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Donnay, Laura

    2016-01-01

    These are the lectures notes of the course given at the Eleventh Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics, 2015, aimed at PhD candidates and junior researchers in theoretical physics. We review in details the result of Coussaert-Henneaux-van Driel showing that the asymptotic dynamics of $(2+1)$- dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant is described at the classical level by Liouville theory. Boundary conditions implement the asymptotic reduction in two steps: the first set reduces the $SL(2,\\mathbb R)\\times SL(2,\\mathbb R)$ Chern-Simons action, equivalent to the Einstein action, to a non-chiral $SL(2,\\mathbb R)$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model, while the second set imposes constraints on the WZW currents that reduce further the action to Liouville theory. We discuss the issues of considering the latter as an effective description of the dual conformal field theory describing AdS$_3$ gravity beyond the semi-classical regime.

  18. Asymptotic Markov inequality on Jordan arcs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Totik, V.

    2017-03-01

    Markov's inequality for the derivative of algebraic polynomials is considered on C^2-smooth Jordan arcs. The asymptotically best estimate is given for the kth derivative for all k=1,2,\\dots . The best constant is related to the behaviour around the endpoints of the arc of the normal derivative of the Green's function of the complementary domain. The result is deduced from the asymptotically sharp Bernstein inequality for the kth derivative at inner points of a Jordan arc, which is derived from a recent result of Kalmykov and Nagy on the Bernstein inequality on analytic arcs. In the course of the proof we shall also need to reduce the analyticity condition in this last result to C^2-smoothness. Bibliography: 21 titles.

  19. On asymptotic flatness and Lorentz charges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Compere, Geoffrey [KdV Institute for Mathematics, Universiteit van Amsterdam (Netherlands); Dehouck, Francois; Virmani, Amitabh, E-mail: gcompere@uva.nl, E-mail: fdehouck@ulb.ac.be, E-mail: avirmani@ulb.ac.be [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles (Belgium)

    2011-07-21

    In this paper we establish two results concerning four-dimensional asymptotically flat spacetimes at spatial infinity. First, we show that the six conserved Lorentz charges are encoded in two unique, distinct, but mutually dual symmetric divergence-free tensors that we construct from the equations of motion. Second, we show that the integrability of Einstein's equations in the asymptotic expansion is sufficient to establish the equivalence between counter-term charges defined from the variational principle and charges defined by Ashtekar and Hansen. These results clarify earlier constructions of conserved charges in the hyperboloid representation of spatial infinity. In showing this, the parity condition on the mass aspect is not needed. Along the way in establishing these results, we prove two lemmas on tensor fields on three-dimensional de Sitter spacetime stated by Ashtekar-Hansen and Beig-Schmidt and state and prove three additional lemmas.

  20. Brane model with two asymptotic regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubo, Musongela

    2005-02-01

    Some brane models rely on a generalization of the Melvin magnetic universe including a complex scalar field among the sources. We argue that the geometric interpretation of Kip. S. Thorne of this geometry restricts the kind of potential a complex scalar field can display to keep the same asymptotic behavior. While a finite energy is not obtained for a Mexican hat potential in this interpretation, this is the case for a potential displaying a broken phase and an unbroken one. We use for technical simplicity and illustrative purposes an ad hoc potential which however shares some features with those obtained in some supergravity models. We construct a sixth dimensional cylindrically symmetric solution which has two asymptotic regions: the Melvin-like metric on one side and a flat space displaying a conical singularity on the other. The causal structure of the configuration is discussed. Unfortunately, gravity is not localized on the brane.

  1. Asymptotically anti-de Sitter Proca Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Duarte, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    We show that complex, massive spin-1 fields minimally coupled to Einstein's gravity with a negative cosmological constant, admit asymptotically anti-de Sitter self-gravitating solutions. Focusing on 4-dimensional spacetimes, we start by obtaining analytical solutions in the test-field limit, where the Proca field equations can be solved in a fixed anti-de Sitter background, and then find fully non-linear solutions numerically. These solutions are a natural extension of the recently found asymptotically flat Proca stars and share similar properties with scalar boson stars. In particular, we show that they are stable against spherically symmetric linear perturbations for a range of fundamental frequencies limited by their point of maximum mass. We finish with an overview of the behavior of Proca stars in $5$ dimensions.

  2. Optimization of Parameters of Asymptotically Stable Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Guerman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with numerical methods of parameter optimization for asymptotically stable systems. We formulate a special mathematical programming problem that allows us to determine optimal parameters of a stabilizer. This problem involves solutions to a differential equation. We show how to chose the mesh in order to obtain discrete problem guaranteeing the necessary accuracy. The developed methodology is illustrated by an example concerning optimization of parameters for a satellite stabilization system.

  3. Asymptotic Existence of Nearly Kirkman Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈灏; 储文松

    1994-01-01

    It is proved in this paper that,for any given positive integer k≥2,there exists a constant v0=v0(k) such that for v≥v0,the necessary condition v=0 (mod k(k-)) for the existence of a nearly Kirkman system NKS (2,k,v) is also sufficient.Thus we have completely determined the asymptotic existence of NKS.

  4. Asymptotics of high order noise corrections

    CERN Document Server

    Sondergaard, N; Pálla, G; Voros, A; Sondergaard, Niels; Vattay, Gabor; Palla, Gergely; Voros, Andre

    1999-01-01

    We consider an evolution operator for a discrete Langevin equation with a strongly hyperbolic classical dynamics and noise with finite moments. Using a perturbative expansion of the evolution operator we calculate high order corrections to its trace in the case of a quartic map and Gaussian noise. The leading contributions come from the period one orbits of the map. The asymptotic behaviour is investigated and is found to be independent up to a multiplicative constant of the distribution of noise.

  5. Asymptotic Behaviour Near a Nonlinear Sink

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, Matt S

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we will explore an iterative procedure to determine the detailed asymptotic behaviour of solutions of a certain class of nonlinear vector differential equations which approach a nonlinear sink as time tends to infinity. This procedure is indifferent to resonance in the eigenvalues. Moreover, we will address the writing of one component in terms of the other in the case of a planar system. Examples will be given, notably the Michaelis-Menten mechanism of enzyme kinetics.

  6. Asymptotic analysis of the Forward Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Søren; Nielsen, Bent

    The Forward Search is an iterative algorithm concerned with detection of outliers and other unsuspected structures in data. This approach has been suggested, analysed and applied for regression models in the monograph Atkinson and Riani (2000). An asymptotic analysis of the Forward Search is made....... The argument involves theory for a new class of weighted and marked empirical processes, quantile process theory, and a fixed point argument to describe the iterative element of the procedure....

  7. Asymptotic modal analysis and statistical energy analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowell, Earl H.

    1988-07-01

    Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) is defined by considering the asymptotic limit of Classical Modal Analysis, an approach called Asymptotic Modal Analysis (AMA). The general approach is described for both structural and acoustical systems. The theoretical foundation is presented for structural systems, and experimental verification is presented for a structural plate responding to a random force. Work accomplished subsequent to the grant initiation focusses on the acoustic response of an interior cavity (i.e., an aircraft or spacecraft fuselage) with a portion of the wall vibrating in a large number of structural modes. First results were presented at the ASME Winter Annual Meeting in December, 1987, and accepted for publication in the Journal of Vibration, Acoustics, Stress and Reliability in Design. It is shown that asymptotically as the number of acoustic modes excited becomes large, the pressure level in the cavity becomes uniform except at the cavity boundaries. However, the mean square pressure at the cavity corner, edge and wall is, respectively, 8, 4, and 2 times the value in the cavity interior. Also it is shown that when the portion of the wall which is vibrating is near a cavity corner or edge, the response is significantly higher.

  8. Asymptotic Enumeration of RNA Structures with Pseudoknots

    CERN Document Server

    Jin, Emma Y

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we present the asymptotic enumeration of RNA structures with pseudoknots. We develop a general framework for the computation of exponential growth rate and the sub exponential factors for $k$-noncrossing RNA structures. Our results are based on the generating function for the number of $k$-noncrossing RNA pseudoknot structures, ${\\sf S}_k(n)$, derived in \\cite{Reidys:07pseu}, where $k-1$ denotes the maximal size of sets of mutually intersecting bonds. We prove a functional equation for the generating function $\\sum_{n\\ge 0}{\\sf S}_k(n)z^n$ and obtain for $k=2$ and $k=3$ the analytic continuation and singular expansions, respectively. It is implicit in our results that for arbitrary $k$ singular expansions exist and via transfer theorems of analytic combinatorics we obtain asymptotic expression for the coefficients. We explicitly derive the asymptotic expressions for 2- and 3-noncrossing RNA structures. Our main result is the derivation of the formula ${\\sf S}_3(n) \\sim \\frac{10.4724\\cdot 4!}{n(n...

  9. Asymptotically flat space-times: an enigma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Ezra T.

    2016-07-01

    We begin by emphasizing that we are dealing with standard Einstein or Einstein-Maxwell theory—absolutely no new physics has been inserted. The fresh item is that the well-known asymptotically flat solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell theory are transformed to a new coordinate system with surprising and (seemingly) inexplicable results. We begin with the standard description of (Null) asymptotically flat space-times described in conventional Bondi-coordinates. After transforming the variables (mainly the asymptotic Weyl tensor components) to a very special set of Newman-Unti (NU) coordinates, we find a series of relations totally mimicking standard Newtonian classical mechanics and Maxwell theory. The surprising and troubling aspect of these relations is that the associated motion and radiation does not take place in physical space-time. Instead these relations takes place in an unusual inherited complex four-dimensional manifold referred to as H-space that has no immediate relationship with space-time. In fact these relations appear in two such spaces, H-space and its dual space \\bar{H}.

  10. Strange Weak Values

    CERN Document Server

    Hosoya, Akio

    2010-01-01

    We develop a formal theory of the weak values with emphasis on the consistency conditions and a probabilistic interpretation in the counter-factual processes. We present the condition for the choice of the post-selected state to give a negative weak value of a given projection operator and strange values of an observable in general. The general framework is applied to Hardy's paradox and the spin $1/2$ system to explicitly address the issues of counter-factuality and strange weak values. The counter-factual arguments which characterize the paradox specifies the pre-selected state and a complete set of the post-selected states clarifies how the strange weak values emerge.

  11. asymptoticMK: A Web-Based Tool for the Asymptotic McDonald-Kreitman Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haller, Benjamin C; Messer, Philipp W

    2017-03-24

    The McDonald-Kreitman (MK) test is a widely used method for quantifying the role of positive selection in molecular evolution. One key shortcoming of this test lies in its sensitivity to the presence of slightly deleterious mutations, which can severely bias its estimates. An asymptotic version of the MK test was recently introduced that addresses this problem by evaluating polymorphism levels for different mutation frequencies separately, and then extrapolating a function fitted to that data. Here we present asymptoticMK, a web-based implementation of this asymptotic McDonald-Kreitman test. Our web service provides a simple R-based interface into which the user can upload the required data (polymorphism and divergence data for the genomic test region and a neutrally evolving reference region). The web service then analyzes the data and provides plots of the test results. This service is free to use, open-source, and available at http://benhaller.com/messerlab/asymptoticMK.html. We provide results from simulations to illustrate the performance and robustness of the asymptoticMK test under a wide range of model parameters.

  12. Weakly Asymmetric Bridges and the KPZ Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labbé, Cyril

    2017-08-01

    We consider the corner growth dynamics on discrete bridges from (0, 0) to (2 N, 0), or equivalently, the weakly asymmetric simple exclusion process with N particles on 2 N sites. We take an asymmetry of order N -α with α ∈ (0, 1) and provide a complete description of the asymptotic behaviour of this model. In particular, we show that the hydrodynamic limit of the density of particles is given by the inviscid Burgers equation with zero-flux boundary condition. When the interface starts from the flat initial profile, we show that KPZ fluctuations occur whenever α ∈ (0, 1/3]. In the particular regime α = 1/3, these KPZ fluctuations suddenly vanish at a deterministic time.

  13. Order-disorder transition and weak ferromagnetism in the perovskite metal formate frameworks of [(CH3)2NH2][M(HCOO)3] and [(CH3)2ND2][M(HCOO)3] (M = Ni, Mn).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mączka, Mirosław; Gągor, Anna; Macalik, Bogusław; Pikul, Adam; Ptak, Maciej; Hanuza, Jerzy

    2014-01-06

    We report the synthesis, crystal structure, thermal, dielectric, Raman, infrared, and magnetic properties of hydrogen and deuterated divalent metal formates, [(CH3)2NH2][M(HCOO)3] and [(CH3)2ND2][M(HCOO)3], where M = Ni, Mn. On the basis of Raman and IR data, assignment of the observed modes to respective vibrations of atoms is proposed. The thermal studies show that for the Ni compounds deuteration leads to a decrease of the phase transition temperature Tc by 5.6 K, whereas it has a negligible effect on Tc in the Mn analogues. This behavior excludes the possibility of proton (deuteron) movement along the N-H···O (N-D···O) bonds as the microscopic origin of the first-order phase transition observed in these crystals below 190 K. According to single-crystal X-ray diffraction, the dimethylammonium (DMA) cations are dynamically disordered at room temperature, because the hydrogen bonds between the NH2 (ND2) groups and the metal-formate framework are disordered. The highly dynamic nature of hydrogen bonds in the high-temperature phases manifests in the Raman and IR spectra through very large bandwidth of modes involving vibrations of the NH2 (ND2) groups. The abrupt decrease in the bandwidth and shifts of modes near Tc signifies the ordering of hydrogen bonds and DMA(+) cations as well as significant distortion of the metal-formate framework across the phase transition. However, some amount of motion is retained by the DMA(+) cation in the ferroelectric phase and a complete freezing-in of this motion occurs below 100 K. The dielectric studies reveal pronounced dielectric dispersion that can be attributed to slow dynamics of large DMA(+) cations. The low-temperature studies also show that magnetic properties of the studied compounds can be explained assuming that they are ordered ferrimagnetically with nearly compensated magnetic moments of Ni and Mn. IR data reveal weak anomalies below 40 K that arise due to spin-phonon coupling. Our results also show that due to

  14. Asymptotic properties of a stochastic n-species Gilpin-Ayala competitive model with Lévy jumps and Markovian switching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qun

    2015-09-01

    In this paper, a stochastic n-species Gilpin-Ayala competitive model with Lévy jumps and Markovian switching is proposed and studied. Some asymptotic properties are investigated and sufficient conditions for extinction, non-persistence in the mean and weak persistence are established. The threshold between extinction and weak persistence is obtained. The results illustrate that the asymptotic properties of the considered system have close relationships with Lévy jumps and the stationary distribution of the Markovian chain. Moreover, some simulation figures are presented to confirm our main results.

  15. Asymptotically extremal polynomials with respect to varying weights and application to Sobolev orthogonality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz Mendoza, C.; Orive, R.; Pijeira Cabrera, H.

    2008-10-01

    We study the asymptotic behavior of the zeros of a sequence of polynomials whose weighted norms, with respect to a sequence of weight functions, have the same nth root asymptotic behavior as the weighted norms of certain extremal polynomials. This result is applied to obtain the (contracted) weak zero distribution for orthogonal polynomials with respect to a Sobolev inner product with exponential weights of the form e-[phi](x), giving a unified treatment for the so-called Freud (i.e., when [phi] has polynomial growth at infinity) and Erdös (when [phi] grows faster than any polynomial at infinity) cases. In addition, we provide a new proof for the bound of the distance of the zeros to the convex hull of the support for these Sobolev orthogonal polynomials.

  16. Asymptotic Expansions of Backward Equations for Two-time-scale Markov Chains in Continuous Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G Yin; Dung Tien Nguyen

    2009-01-01

    This work develops asymptotic expansions for solutions of systems of backward equations of timeinhomogeneons Markov chains in continuous time. Owing to the rapid progress in technology and the increasing complexity in modeling, the underlying Markov chains often have large state spaces, which make the computational tasks infeasible. To reduce the complexity, two-time-scale formulations are used. By introducing a small parameter ε> 0 and using suitable decomposition and aggregation procedures, it is formulated as a singular perturbation problem. Both Markov chains having recurrent states only and Markov chains including also transient states are treated. Under certain weak irreducibility and smoothness conditions of the generators, the desired asymptotic expansions are constructed. Then error bounds are obtained.

  17. Asymptotic Behaviors of the Solutions to Scalar Viscous Conservation Laws on Bounded Interval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Quansen Jiu; Tao Pan

    2003-01-01

    This paper concerns the asymptotic behaviors of the solutions to the initial-boundary value problem for scalar viscous conservations laws ut + f(u)x = uxx on [0, 1], with the boundary condition u(0, t) =u_,u(1,t) = u+ and the initial data u(x, 0) = u0(x), where u_ ≠ u+ and f is a given function satisfying f″ (u) > 0 for u under consideration. By means of energy estimates method and under some more regular conditions on the initial data, both the global existence and the asymptotic behavior are obtained. When u_ < u+, which corresponds to rarefaction waves in inviscid conservation laws, no smallness conditions are needed. While for u_ > u+, which corresponds to shock waves in inviscid conservation laws, it is established for weak shock waves, which means that |u_ - u+| is small. Moreover, exponential decay rates are both given.

  18. Strings from Massive Higher Spins: The Asymptotic Uniqueness of the Veneziano Amplitude

    CERN Document Server

    Caron-Huot, Simon; Sever, Amit; Zhiboedov, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    We consider weakly-coupled theories of massive higher-spin particles. This class of models includes, for instance, tree-level String Theory and Large-N Yang-Mills theory. The S-matrix in such theories is a meromorphic function obeying unitarity and crossing symmetry. We discuss the (unphysical) regime $s,t \\gg 1$, in which we expect the amplitude to be universal and exponentially large. We develop methods to study this regime and show that the amplitude necessarily coincides with the Veneziano amplitude there. In particular, this implies that the leading Regge trajectory, $j(t)$, is asymptotically linear in Yang-Mills theory. Further, our analysis shows that any such theory of higher-spin particles has stringy excitations and infinitely many asymptotically parallel subleading trajectories. More generally, we argue that, under some assumptions, any theory with at least one higher-spin particle must have strings.

  19. Viscosity Methods of Asymptotically Pseudocontractive and Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings for Variational Inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xionghua Wu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Let {}⊂(0,1 be such that →1 as →∞, let and be two positive numbers such that +=1, and let be a contraction. If be a continuous asymptotically pseudocontractive self-mapping of a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of a real reflexive Banach space with a uniformly Gateaux differentiable norm, under suitable conditions on the sequence {}, we show the existence of a sequence {} satisfying the relation =(1−/(+(/ and prove that {} converges strongly to the fixed point of , which solves some variational inequality provided is uniformly asymptotically regular. As an application, if be an asymptotically nonexpansive self-mapping of a nonempty bounded closed convex subset of a real Banach space with a uniformly Gateaux differentiable norm and which possesses uniform normal structure, we prove that the iterative process defined by 0∈,+1=(1−/(+(/+(/ converges strongly to the fixed point of .

  20. Coherence for weak units

    CERN Document Server

    Joyal, André

    2009-01-01

    We define weak units in a semi-monoidal 2-category $\\CC$ as cancellable pseudo-idempotents: they are pairs $(I,\\alpha)$ where $I$ is an object such that tensoring with $I$ from either side constitutes a biequivalence of $\\CC$, and $\\alpha: I \\tensor I \\to I$ is an equivalence in $\\CC$. We show that this notion of weak unit has coherence built in: Theorem A: $\\alpha$ has a canonical associator 2-cell, which automatically satisfies the pentagon equation. Theorem B: every morphism of weak units is automatically compatible with those associators. Theorem C: the 2-category of weak units is contractible if non-empty. Finally we show (Theorem E) that the notion of weak unit is equivalent to the notion obtained from the definition of tricategory: $\\alpha$ alone induces the whole family of left and right maps (indexed by the objects), as well as the whole family of Kelly 2-cells (one for each pair of objects), satisfying the relevant coherence axioms.

  1. Strong side of weak topological insulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringel, Zohar; Kraus, Yaacov E.; Stern, Ady

    2012-07-01

    Three-dimensional topological insulators are classified into “strong” (STI) and “weak” (WTI) according to the nature of their surface states. While the surface states of the STI are topologically protected from localization, this does not hold for the WTI. In this work, we show that the surface states of the WTI are actually protected from any random perturbation that does not break time-reversal symmetry, and does not close the bulk energy gap. Consequently, the conductivity of metallic surfaces in the clean system remains finite even in the presence of strong disorder of this type. In the weak disorder limit, the surfaces are found to be perfect metals, and strong surface disorder only acts to push the metallic surfaces inwards. We find that the WTI differs from the STI primarily in its anisotropy, and that the anisotropy is not a sign of its weakness but rather of its richness.

  2. Asymptotic problems for stochastic partial differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salins, Michael

    Stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) can be used to model systems in a wide variety of fields including physics, chemistry, and engineering. The main SPDEs of interest in this dissertation are the semilinear stochastic wave equations which model the movement of a material with constant mass density that is exposed to both determinstic and random forcing. Cerrai and Freidlin have shown that on fixed time intervals, as the mass density of the material approaches zero, the solutions of the stochastic wave equation converge uniformly to the solutions of a stochastic heat equation, in probability. This is called the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation. In Chapter 2, we investigate some of the multi-scale behaviors that these wave equations exhibit. In particular, we show that the Freidlin-Wentzell exit place and exit time asymptotics for the stochastic wave equation in the small noise regime can be approximated by the exit place and exit time asymptotics for the stochastic heat equation. We prove that the exit time and exit place asymptotics are characterized by quantities called quasipotentials and we prove that the quasipotentials converge. We then investigate the special case where the equation has a gradient structure and show that we can explicitly solve for the quasipotentials, and that the quasipotentials for the heat equation and wave equation are equal. In Chapter 3, we study the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation in the case where the material is electrically charged and exposed to a magnetic field. Interestingly, if the system is frictionless, then the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation does not hold. We prove that the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation is valid for systems exposed to both a magnetic field and friction. Notably, we prove that the solutions to the second-order equations converge to the solutions of the first-order equation in an Lp sense. This strengthens previous results where convergence was proved in probability.

  3. Asymptotics for a generalization of Hermite polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Alfaro, M; Peña, A; Rezola, M L

    2009-01-01

    We consider a generalization of the classical Hermite polynomials by the addition of terms involving derivatives in the inner product. This type of generalization has been studied in the literature from the point of view of the algebraic properties. Thus, our aim is to study the asymptotics of this sequence of nonstandard orthogonal polynomials. In fact, we obtain Mehler--Heine type formulas for these polynomials and, as a consequence, we prove that there exists an acceleration of the convergence of the smallest positive zeros of these generalized Hermite polynomials towards the origin.

  4. New asymptotically flat phantom wormhole solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Lobo, Francisco S N; Riazi, Nematollah

    2012-01-01

    A possible cause of the late-time cosmic acceleration is an exotic fluid with an equation of state lying within the phantom regime, i.e., $w=p/\\rho 0. Thus, there is no need to surgically paste the interior wormhole geometry to an exterior vacuum spacetime. We also consider the "volume integral quantifier", which provides useful information regarding the total amount of energy condition violating matter, and show that, in principle, it is possible to construct asymptotically flat wormhole solutions with an arbitrary small amount of energy condition violating matter.

  5. Lectures on the asymptotic theory of ideals

    CERN Document Server

    Rees, D

    1988-01-01

    In this book Professor Rees introduces and proves some of the main results of the asymptotic theory of ideals. The author's aim is to prove his Valuation Theorem, Strong Valuation Theorem, and Degree Formula, and to develop their consequences. The last part of the book is devoted to mixed multiplicities. Here the author develops his theory of general elements of ideals and gives a proof of a generalised degree formula. The reader is assumed to be familiar with basic commutative algebra, as covered in the standard texts, but the presentation is suitable for advanced graduate students. The work

  6. The ADM mass of asymptotically flat hypersurfaces

    CERN Document Server

    de Lima, Levi Lopes

    2011-01-01

    We provide integral formulae for the ADM mass of asymptotically flat hypersurfaces in Riemannian manifolds with a certain warped product structure in a neighborhood of infinity, thus extending Lam's recent results on Euclidean graphs to this broader context. As applications we exhibit, in any dimension, new classes of manifolds for which versions of the Positive Mass and Riemannian Penrose inequalities hold and discuss a notion of quasi-local mass in this setting. The proof explores a novel connection between the co-vector defining the ADM mass of a hypersurface as above and the Newton tensor associated to its shape operator, which takes place in the presence of an ambient Killing field.

  7. Taming perturbative divergences in asymptotically safe gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benedetti, Dario, E-mail: dbenedetti@perimeterinstitute.c [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N, N2L 2Y5, Waterloo ON (Canada); Machado, Pedro F., E-mail: p.f.machado@uu.n [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University, 3508 TD Utrecht (Netherlands); Saueressig, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Saueressig@cea.f [Institut de Physique Theorique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France); CNRS URA 2306, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

    2010-01-01

    We use functional renormalization group methods to study gravity minimally coupled to a free scalar field. This setup provides the prototype of a gravitational theory which is perturbatively non-renormalizable at one-loop level, but may possess a non-trivial renormalization group fixed point controlling its UV behavior. We show that such a fixed point indeed exists within the truncations considered, lending strong support to the conjectured asymptotic safety of the theory. In particular, we demonstrate that the counterterms responsible for its perturbative non-renormalizability have no qualitative effect on this feature.

  8. BIHARMONIC EQUATIONS WITH ASYMPTOTICALLY LINEAR NONLINEARITIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Yue; Wang Zhengping

    2007-01-01

    This article considers the equation △2u = f(x, u)with boundary conditions either u|(a)Ω = (a)u/(a)n|(a)Ω = 0 or u|(a)Ω = △u|(a)Ω = 0, where f(x,t) is asymptotically linear with respect to t at infinity, and Ω is a smooth bounded domain in RN, N > 4. By a variant version of Mountain Pass Theorem, it is proved that the above problems have a nontrivial solution under suitable assumptions of f(x, t).

  9. Homogenization and asymptotics for small transaction costs

    CERN Document Server

    Soner, H Mete

    2012-01-01

    We consider the classical Merton problem of lifetime consumption-portfolio optimization problem with small proportional transaction costs. The first order term in the asymptotic expansion is explicitly calculated through a singular ergodic control problem which can be solved in closed form in the one-dimensional case. Unlike the existing literature, we consider a general utility function and general dynamics for the underlying assets. Our arguments are based on ideas from the homogenization theory and use the convergence tools from the theory of viscosity solutions. The multidimensional case is studied in our accompanying paper using the same approach.

  10. Vacuum Potential and its Asymptotic Variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahal, Pravin

    2016-09-01

    The possible form of existence of dark energy is explained and the relation for its asymptotic variation is given. This has two huge implications in the understanding of the Universe. The first is that the theory predicts that the Universe should be in negative pressure state in the very early period as required for inflation and spontaneous symmetry breaking. The second is that the theory gives the reasonable answer to the astrophysical evidence of dark energy dominating the Universe. The author is presenting his research in the nature of dark energy. Some of the work is submitted for publication in the journal and is currently under review.

  11. Singular asymptotic expansions in nonlinear rotordynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, W. B.

    1985-01-01

    During hot firing ground testing of the Space shuttle's Main Engine, vibrations of the liquid oxygen pump occur at frequencies which cannot be explained by the linear Jeffcott model of the rotor. The model becomes nonlinear after accounting for deadband, side forces, and rubbing. Two phenomena present in the numerical solutions of the differential equations are unexpected periodic orbits of the rotor and tracking of the nonlinear frequency. A multiple scale asymptotic expansion of the differential equations is used to give an analytic explanation of these characteristics.

  12. On Weak Plane Couette and Poiseuille Flows of Rigid Rod and Platelet Ensembles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    SIAM J. APPL. MATH. c© 2006 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 66, No. 4, pp. 1227–1260 ON WEAK PLANE COUETTE AND POISEUILLE FLOWS ...anisotropic elasticity; to compare Couette versus Poiseuille flow ; and to consider dynamics and stability of these steady states within the asymptotic model...On Weak Plane Couette and Poiseuille Flows of Rigid Rod and Platelet Ensembles 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6

  13. On the theory of weak turbulence for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

    CERN Document Server

    Escobedo, M

    2015-01-01

    The authors study the Cauchy problem for a kinetic equation arising in the weak turbulence theory for the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation. They define suitable concepts of weak and mild solutions and prove local and global well posedness results. Several qualitative properties of the solutions, including long time asymptotics, blow up results and condensation in finite time are obtained. The authors also prove the existence of a family of solutions that exhibit pulsating behavior.

  14. WEAK CONVERGENCE OF SOME SERIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    This paper continues the study of [1] on weak functions.The weak convergence theory is investigated in complex analysis,Fourier transform and Mellin transform.A Mobius inverse formula of weak functions is obtained.

  15. On Weak Markov's Principle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich Wilhelm

    2002-01-01

    We show that the so-called weak Markov's principle (WMP) which states that every pseudo-positive real number is positive is underivable in E-HA + AC. Since allows one to formalize (atl eastl arge parts of) Bishop's constructive mathematics, this makes it unlikely that WMP can be proved within the...

  16. Homogenization-Based Numerical Mathods, Homogenization, Asymptotic Analysis, Asymptotic Expansion, Numerical Simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Frenod, Emmanuel

    2013-01-01

    In this note, a classification of Homogenization-Based Numerical Methods and (in particular) of Numerical Methods that are based on the Two-Scale Convergence is done. In this classification stand: Direct Homogenization-Based Numerical Methods; H-Measure-Based Numerical Methods; Two-Scale Numerical Methods and TSAPS: Two-Scale Asymptotic Preserving Schemes.

  17. On closed weak supplemented modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Qing-yi; SHI Mei-hua

    2006-01-01

    A module M is called closed weak supplemented if for any closed submodule N of M, there is a submodule K of M such that M=K+N and K(c)N<<M. Any direct summand of closed weak supplemented module is also closed weak supplemented.Any nonsingular image of closed weak supplemented module is closed weak supplemented. Nonsingular V-rings in which all nonsingular modules are closed weak supplemented are characterized in Section 4.

  18. Uniform in Time Description for Weak Solutions of the Hopf Equation with Nonconvex Nonlinearity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Olivas Martinez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the Riemann problem for the Hopf equation with concave-convex flux functions. Applying the weak asymptotics method we construct a uniform in time description for the Cauchy data evolution and show that the use of this method implies automatically the appearance of the Oleinik E-condition.

  19. Laser-pulse-shape control of photofragmentation in the weak-field limit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiwari, Ashwani Kumar; Dey, Diptesh; Henriksen, Niels Engholm

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate theoretically that laser-induced coherent quantum interference control of asymptotic states of dissociating molecules is possible even in the (one-photon) weak-field limit starting from a single vibrational eigenstate. Thus, phase dependence in the interaction with a fixed energy...

  20. Efficient topological compilation for a weakly integral anyonic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocharov, Alex; Cui, Xingshan; Kliuchnikov, Vadym; Wang, Zhenghan

    2016-01-01

    A class of anyonic models for universal quantum computation based on weakly-integral anyons has been recently proposed. While universal set of gates cannot be obtained in this context by anyon braiding alone, designing a certain type of sector charge measurement provides universality. In this paper we develop a compilation algorithm to approximate arbitrary n -qutrit unitaries with asymptotically efficient circuits over the metaplectic anyon model. One flavor of our algorithm produces efficient circuits with upper complexity bound asymptotically in O (32 nlog1 /ɛ ) and entanglement cost that is exponential in n . Another flavor of the algorithm produces efficient circuits with upper complexity bound in O (n 32 nlog1 /ɛ ) and no additional entanglement cost.

  1. Regular black hole metrics and the weak energy condition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balart, Leonardo, E-mail: leonardo.balart@ufrontera.cl [I.C.B. – Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, UMR 5209, CNRS, Faculté des Sciences Mirande, Université de Bourgogne, 9 Avenue Alain Savary, BP 47870, 21078 Dijon Cedex (France); Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad de La Frontera, Casilla 54-D, Temuco (Chile); Vagenas, Elias C., E-mail: elias.vagenas@ku.edu.kw [Theoretical Physics Group, Department of Physics, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969, Safat 13060 (Kuwait)

    2014-03-07

    In this work we construct a family of spherically symmetric, static, charged regular black hole metrics in the context of Einstein-nonlinear electrodynamics theory. The construction of the charged regular black hole metrics is based on three requirements: (a) the weak energy condition should be satisfied, (b) the energy–momentum tensor should have the symmetry T{sub 0}{sup 0}=T{sub 1}{sup 1}, and (c) these metrics have to asymptotically behave as the Reissner–Nordström black hole metric. In addition, these charged regular black hole metrics depend on two parameters which for specific values yield regular black hole metrics that already exist in the literature. Furthermore, by relaxing the third requirement, we construct more general regular black hole metrics which do not behave asymptotically as a Reissner–Nordström black hole metric.

  2. Asymptotic behaviour of electro-$\\Lambda$ spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Saw, Vee-Liem

    2016-01-01

    We derive the asymptotic solutions for vacuum spacetimes with non-zero cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ coupled to Maxwell fields, using the Newman-Penrose formalism. This extends a recent work that dealt with the vacuum Einstein (Newman-Penrose) equations with $\\Lambda=0$. Using these asymptotic solutions, we discuss the mass-loss of an isolated electro-gravitating system with cosmological constant. In a universe with $\\Lambda>0$, the physics of electromagnetic (EM) radiation is relatively straightforward compared to those of gravitational radiation: 1) It is clear that outgoing EM radiation results in a decrease to the Bondi mass of the isolated system. 2) It is also perspicuous that if any incoming EM radiation from elsewhere is present, those beyond the isolated system's cosmological horizon would eventually arrive at the spacelike $\\mathcal{I}$ and increase the Bondi mass of the isolated system. Hence, the (outgoing and incoming) EM radiation fields do not couple with the Bondi mass-loss formula in any un...

  3. Vacuum polarization in asymptotically Lifshitz black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Quinta, Gonçalo M; Lemos, José P S

    2016-01-01

    There has been considerable interest in applying the gauge/gravity duality to condensed matter theories with particular attention being devoted to gravity duals (Lifshitz spacetimes) of theories that exhibit anisotropic scaling. In this context, black hole solutions with Lifshitz asymptotics have also been constructed aiming at incorporating finite temperature effects. The goal here is to look at quantum polarization effects in these spacetimes, and to this aim, we develop a way to compute the coincidence limit of the Green's function for massive, non-minimally coupled scalar fields, adapting to the present situation the analysis developed for the case of asymptotically anti de Sitter black holes. The basics are similar to previous calculations, however in the Lifshitz case one needs to extend previous results to include a more general form for the metric and dependence on the dynamical exponent. All formulae are shown to reduce to the AdS case studied before once the value of the dynamical exponent is set to...

  4. Vacuum polarization in asymptotically Lifshitz black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinta, Gonçalo M.; Flachi, Antonino; Lemos, José P. S.

    2016-06-01

    There has been considerable interest in applying the gauge-gravity duality to condensed matter theories with particular attention being devoted to gravity duals (Lifshitz spacetimes) of theories that exhibit anisotropic scaling. In this context, black hole solutions with Lifshitz asymptotics have also been constructed, focused on incorporating finite temperature effects. The goal here is to look at quantum polarization effects in these spacetimes and, to this aim, we develop a way to compute the coincidence limit of the Green's function for massive, nonminimally coupled scalar fields, adapting to the present situation the analysis developed for the case of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes. The basics are similar to previous calculations; however, in the Lifshitz case, one needs to extend the previous results to include a more general form for the metric and dependence on the dynamical exponent. All formulas are shown to reduce to the anti-de Sitter (AdS) case studied before once the value of the dynamical exponent is set to unity and the metric functions are accordingly chosen. The analytical results we present are general and can be applied to a variety of cases, in fact, to all spherically symmetric Lifshitz black hole solutions. We also implement the numerical analysis choosing some known Lifshitz black hole solutions as illustration.

  5. Lattice Quantum Gravity and Asymptotic Safety

    CERN Document Server

    Laiho, J; Coumbe, D; Du, D; Neelakanta, J T

    2016-01-01

    We study the nonperturbative formulation of quantum gravity defined via Euclidean dynamical triangulations (EDT) in an attempt to make contact with Weinberg's asymptotic safety scenario. We find that a fine-tuning is necessary in order to recover semiclassical behavior. Such a fine-tuning is generally associated with the breaking of a target symmetry by the lattice regulator; in this case we identify the target symmetry as the Hamiltonian canonical symmetry, which is closely related to, but not identical to, four-dimensional diffeomorphism invariance. After introducing and fine-tuning a non-trivial local measure term, we find no barrier to taking a continuum limit, and we find evidence that four-dimensional, semiclassical geometries are recovered at long distance scales in the continuum limit. We also find that the spectral dimension at short distance scales is consistent with 3/2, a value that could resolve the tension between asymptotic safety and the holographic entropy scaling of black holes. We argue tha...

  6. Relaxing the parity conditions of asymptotically flat gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compère, Geoffrey; Dehouck, François

    2011-12-01

    Four-dimensional asymptotically flat spacetimes at spatial infinity are defined from first principles without imposing parity conditions or restrictions on the Weyl tensor. The Einstein-Hilbert action is shown to be a correct variational principle when it is supplemented by an anomalous counterterm which breaks asymptotic translation, supertranslation and logarithmic translation invariance. Poincaré transformations as well as supertranslations and logarithmic translations are associated with finite and conserved charges which represent the asymptotic symmetry group. Lorentz charges as well as logarithmic translations transform anomalously under a change of regulator. Lorentz charges are generally nonlinear functionals of the asymptotic fields but reduce to well-known linear expressions when parity conditions hold. We also define a covariant phase space of asymptotically flat spacetimes with parity conditions but without restrictions on the Weyl tensor. In this phase space, the anomaly plays classically no dynamical role. Supertranslations are pure gauge and the asymptotic symmetry group is the expected Poincaré group.

  7. Liapunov structure and asymptotic expressions of linear differential systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高维新

    1996-01-01

    With a view to the researches on asymptotic properties for linear differential systems,the characteristic number is transformed into functional dass which can indicate the change trend of the norm for solution,so the invariant structure is given under Liapunov changes and feasible computational method of asymptotic expressions for linear differential systems with variant coefficients,and various asymptotic conclusions induding the necessary and sufllcient conditions of stability are got.

  8. Asymptotic analysis of the Nörlund and Stirling polynomials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Daniel Ward

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available We provide a full asymptotic analysis of the N{\\"o}rlund polynomials and Stirling polynomials. We give a general asymptotic expansion---to any desired degree of accuracy---when the parameter is not an integer. We use singularity analysis, Hankel contours, and transfer theory. This investigation was motivated by a need for such a complete asymptotic description, with parameter 1/2, during this author's recent solution of Wilf's 3rd (previously Unsolved Problem.

  9. ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSION AND ESTIMATE OF THE LANDAU CONSTANT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Eisinberg; G.Franzè; N.Salerno

    2001-01-01

    Properties of Landau constant are investigated in this note.A new representation in terms of a hypergeometric function 3F2 is given and a property defining the family of asymptotic sequences of Landau constant is formalized.Moreover,we give an other asymptotic expansion of Landau constant by using asymptotic expansion of the ratio of gamma functions in the sense of Poincaré due to Tricomi and Erdélyi.

  10. Coulomb string tension, asymptotic string tension, and the gluon chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greensite, Jeff; Szczepaniak, Adam P.

    2015-02-01

    We compute, via numerical simulations, the nonperturbative Coulomb potential of pure SU(3) gauge theory in Coulomb gauge. We find that the Coulomb potential scales nicely in accordance with asymptotic freedom, that the Coulomb potential is linear in the infrared, and that the Coulomb string tension is about four times larger than the asymptotic string tension. We explain how it is possible that the asymptotic string tension can be lower than the Coulomb string tension by a factor of four.

  11. Strong Convergence of Hybrid Algorithm for Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings in Hilbert Spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juguo Su

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The hybrid algorithms for constructing fixed points of nonlinear mappings have been studied extensively in recent years. The advantage of this methods is that one can prove strong convergence theorems while the traditional iteration methods just have weak convergence. In this paper, we propose two types of hybrid algorithm to find a common fixed point of a finite family of asymptotically nonexpansive mappings in Hilbert spaces. One is cyclic Mann's iteration scheme, and the other is cyclic Halpern's iteration scheme. We prove the strong convergence theorems for both iteration schemes.

  12. Asymptotic regimes for the partition into colonies of a branching process with emigration

    CERN Document Server

    Bertoin, Jean

    2009-01-01

    We consider a spatial branching process with emigration in which children either remain at the same site as their parents or migrate to new locations and then found their own colonies. We are interested in asymptotics of the partition of the total population into colonies for large populations with rare migrations. Under appropriate regimes, we establish weak convergence of the rescaled partition to some random measure that is constructed from the restriction of a Poisson point measure to a certain random region, and whose cumulant solves a simple integral equation.

  13. Asymptotic normality of the size of the giant component via a random walk

    CERN Document Server

    Bollobas, Bela

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we give a simple new proof of a result of Pittel and Wormald concerning the asymptotic value and (suitably rescaled) limiting distribution of the number of vertices in the giant component of $G(n,p)$ above the scaling window of the phase transition. Nachmias and Peres used martingale arguments to study Karp's exploration process, obtaining a simple proof of a weak form of this result. Here we use slightly different martingale arguments to obtain the full result of Pittel and Wormald with little extra work.

  14. On the asymptotic ergodic capacity of FSO links with generalized pointing error model

    KAUST Repository

    Al-Quwaiee, Hessa

    2015-09-11

    Free-space optical (FSO) communication systems are negatively affected by two physical phenomenon, namely, scintillation due to atmospheric turbulence and pointing errors. To quantize the effect of these two factors on FSO system performance, we need an effective mathematical model for them. Scintillations are typically modeled by the log-normal and Gamma-Gamma distributions for weak and strong turbulence conditions, respectively. In this paper, we propose and study a generalized pointing error model based on the Beckmann distribution. We then derive the asymptotic ergodic capacity of FSO systems under the joint impact of turbulence and generalized pointing error impairments. © 2015 IEEE.

  15. ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSIONS OF ZEROS FOR KRAWTCHOUK POLYNOMIALS WITH ERROR BOUNDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Xiao-feng; LI Xiu-chun

    2006-01-01

    Krawtchouk polynomials are frequently applied in modern physics. Based on the results which were educed by Li and Wong, the asymptotic expansions of Krawtchouk polynomials are improved by using Airy function, and uniform asymptotic expansions are got. Furthermore, the asymptotic expansions of the zeros for Krawtchouk polynomials are again deduced by using the property of the zeros of Airy function, and their corresponding error bounds are discussed. The obtained results give the asymptotic property of Krawtchouk polynomials with their zeros, which are better than the results educed by Li and Wong.

  16. Asymptotic variance of grey-scale surface area estimators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svane, Anne Marie

    Grey-scale local algorithms have been suggested as a fast way of estimating surface area from grey-scale digital images. Their asymptotic mean has already been described. In this paper, the asymptotic behaviour of the variance is studied in isotropic and sufficiently smooth settings, resulting...... in a general asymptotic bound. For compact convex sets with nowhere vanishing Gaussian curvature, the asymptotics can be described more explicitly. As in the case of volume estimators, the variance is decomposed into a lattice sum and an oscillating term of at most the same magnitude....

  17. Weak Polarized Electron Scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Erler, Jens; Mantry, Sonny; Souder, Paul A

    2014-01-01

    Scattering polarized electrons provides an important probe of the weak interactions. Precisely measuring the parity-violating left-right cross section asymmetry is the goal of a number of experiments recently completed or in progress. The experiments are challenging, since A_{LR} is small, typically between 10^(-4) and 10^(-8). By carefully choosing appropriate targets and kinematics, various pieces of the weak Lagrangian can be isolated, providing a search for physics beyond the Standard Model. For other choices, unique features of the strong interaction are studied, including the radius of the neutron density in heavy nuclei, charge symmetry violation, and higher twist terms. This article reviews the theory behind the experiments, as well as the general techniques used in the experimental program.

  18. Composite weak bosons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, M.

    1988-04-01

    Dynamical mechanism of composite W and Z is studied in a 1/N field theory model with four-fermion interactions in which global weak SU(2) symmetry is broken explicitly by electromagnetic interaction. Issues involved in such a model are discussed in detail. Deviation from gauge coupling due to compositeness and higher order loop corrections are examined to show that this class of models are consistent not only theoretically but also experimentally.

  19. Asymptotic representation of relaxation oscillations in lasers

    CERN Document Server

    Grigorieva, Elena V

    2017-01-01

    In this book we analyze relaxation oscillations in models of lasers with nonlinear elements controlling light dynamics. The models are based on rate equations taking into account periodic modulation of parameters, optoelectronic delayed feedback, mutual coupling between lasers, intermodal interaction and other factors. With the aim to study relaxation oscillations we present the special asymptotic method of integration for ordinary differential equations and differential-difference equations. As a result, they are reduced to discrete maps. Analyzing the maps we describe analytically such nonlinear phenomena in lasers as multistability of large-amplitude relaxation cycles, bifurcations of cycles, controlled switching of regimes, phase synchronization in an ensemble of coupled systems and others. The book can be fruitful for students and technicians in nonlinear laser dynamics and in differential equations.

  20. Asymptotic analysis of ultra-relativistic charge

    CERN Document Server

    Burton, D A; Tucker, R W; Burton, David A.; Gratus, Jonathan; Tucker, Robin W.

    2006-01-01

    This article offers a new approach for analysing the dynamic behaviour of distributions of charged particles in an electromagnetic field. After discussing the limitations inherent in the Lorentz-Dirac equation for a single point particle a simple model is proposed for a charged continuum interacting self-consistently with the Maxwell field in vacuo. The model is developed using intrinsic tensor field theory and exploits to the full the symmetry and light-cone structure of Minkowski spacetime. This permits the construction of a regular stress-energy tensor whose vanishing divergence determines a system of non-linear partial differential equations for the velocity and self-fields of accelerated charge. Within this covariant framework a particular perturbation scheme is motivated by an exact class of solutions to this system describing the evolution of a charged fluid under the combined effects of both self and external electromagnetic fields. The scheme yields an asymptotic approximation in terms of inhomogeneo...

  1. Asymptotic charged BTZ black hole solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendi, S. H.

    2012-03-01

    The well-known (2 + 1)-dimensional Reissner-Nordström (BTZ) black hole can be generalized to three dimensional Einstein-nonlinear electromagnetic field, motivated from obtaining a finite value for the self-energy of a pointlike charge. Considering three types of nonlinear electromagnetic fields coupled with Einstein gravity, we derive three kinds of black hole solutions which their asymptotic properties are the same as charged BTZ solution. In addition, we calculate conserved and thermodynamic quantities of the solutions and show that they satisfy the first law of thermodynamics. Finally, we perform a stability analysis in the canonical ensemble and show that the black holes are stable in the whole phase space.

  2. Modeling of nanoplastic by asymptotic homogenization method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张为民; 何伟; 李亚; 张平; 张淳源

    2008-01-01

    The so-called nanoplastic is a new simple name for the polymer/layered silicate nanocomposite,which possesses excellent properties.The asymptotic homogenization method(AHM) was applied to determine numerically the effective elastic modulus of a two-phase nanoplastic with different particle aspect ratios,different ratios of elastic modulus of the effective particle to that of the matrix and different volume fractions.A simple representative volume element was proposed,which is assumed that the effective particles are uniform well-aligned and perfectly bonded in an isotropic matrix and have periodic structure.Some different theoretical models and the experimental results were compared.The numerical results are good in agreement with the experimental results.

  3. Chiral fermions in asymptotically safe quantum gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meibohm, J. [Gothenburg University, Department of Physics, Goeteborg (Sweden); Universitaet Heidelberg, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Heidelberg (Germany); Pawlowski, J.M. [Universitaet Heidelberg, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Heidelberg (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, Darmstadt (Germany)

    2016-05-15

    We study the consistency of dynamical fermionic matter with the asymptotic safety scenario of quantum gravity using the functional renormalisation group. Since this scenario suggests strongly coupled quantum gravity in the UV, one expects gravity-induced fermion self-interactions at energies of the Planck scale. These could lead to chiral symmetry breaking at very high energies and thus to large fermion masses in the IR. The present analysis which is based on the previous works (Christiansen et al., Phys Rev D 92:121501, 2015; Meibohm et al., Phys Rev D 93:084035, 2016), concludes that gravity-induced chiral symmetry breaking at the Planck scale is avoided for a general class of NJL-type models. We find strong evidence that this feature is independent of the number of fermion fields. This finding suggests that the phase diagram for these models is topologically stable under the influence of gravitational interactions. (orig.)

  4. Asymptotic Sharpness of Bounds on Hypertrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Yi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The hypertree can be defined in many different ways. Katona and Szabó introduced a new, natural definition of hypertrees in uniform hypergraphs and investigated bounds on the number of edges of the hypertrees. They showed that a k-uniform hypertree on n vertices has at most (nk−1$\\left( {\\matrix{n \\cr {k - 1} } } \\right$ edges and they conjectured that the upper bound is asymptotically sharp. Recently, Szabó verified that the conjecture holds by recursively constructing an infinite sequence of k-uniform hypertrees and making complicated analyses for it. In this note we give a short proof of the conjecture by directly constructing a sequence of k-uniform k-hypertrees.

  5. Motion Parallax is Asymptotic to Binocular Disparity

    CERN Document Server

    Stroyan, Keith

    2010-01-01

    Researchers especially beginning with (Rogers & Graham, 1982) have noticed important psychophysical and experimental similarities between the neurologically different motion parallax and stereopsis cues. Their quantitative analysis relied primarily on the "disparity equivalence" approximation. In this article we show that retinal motion from lateral translation satisfies a strong ("asymptotic") approximation to binocular disparity. This precise mathematical similarity is also practical in the sense that it applies at normal viewing distances. The approximation is an extension to peripheral vision of (Cormac & Fox's 1985) well-known non-trig central vision approximation for binocular disparity. We hope our simple algebraic formula will be useful in analyzing experiments outside central vision where less precise approximations have led to a number of quantitative errors in the vision literature.

  6. Asymptotic methods in mechanics of solids

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Svetlana M; Smirnov, Andrei L; Tovstik, Petr E; Vaillancourt, Rémi

    2015-01-01

    The construction of solutions of singularly perturbed systems of equations and boundary value problems that are characteristic for the mechanics of thin-walled structures are the main focus of the book. The theoretical results are supplemented by the analysis of problems and exercises. Some of the topics are rarely discussed in the textbooks, for example, the Newton polyhedron, which is a generalization of the Newton polygon for equations with two or more parameters. After introducing the important concept of the index of variation for functions special attention is devoted to eigenvalue problems containing a small parameter. The main part of the book deals with methods of asymptotic solutions of linear singularly perturbed boundary and boundary value problems without or with turning points, respectively. As examples, one-dimensional equilibrium, dynamics and stability problems for rigid bodies and solids are presented in detail. Numerous exercises and examples as well as vast references to the relevant Russi...

  7. Asymptotic sampling formulae for Lambda-coalescents

    CERN Document Server

    Berestycki, Julien; Limic, Vlada

    2012-01-01

    We present a robust method which translates information on the speed of coming down from infinity of a genealogical tree into sampling formulae for the underlying population. We apply these results to population dynamics where the genealogy is given by a Lambda-coalescent. This allows us to derive an exact formula for the asymptotic behavior of the site and allele frequency spectrum and the number of segregating sites, as the sample size tends to infinity. Some of our results hold in the case of a general Lambda-coalescent that comes down from infinity, but we obtain more precise information under a regular variation assumption. In this case, we obtain results of independent interest for the time at which a mutation uniformly chosen at random was generated. This exhibits a phase transition at \\alpha=3/2, where \\alpha \\in(1,2) is the exponent of regular variation.

  8. Universality and asymptotic scaling in drilling percolation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassberger, Peter

    2017-01-01

    We present simulations of a three-dimensional percolation model studied recently by K. J. Schrenk et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 055701 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.055701], obtained with a new and more efficient algorithm. They confirm most of their results in spite of larger systems and higher statistics used in the present Rapid Communication, but we also find indications that the results do not yet represent the true asymptotic behavior. The model is obtained by replacing the isotropic holes in ordinary Bernoulli percolation by randomly placed and oriented cylinders, with the constraint that the cylinders are parallel to one of the three coordinate axes. We also speculate on possible generalizations.

  9. Dimensionally reduced gravity theories are asymptotically safe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niedermaier, Max E-mail: max@phys.univ-tours.fr

    2003-11-24

    4D Einstein gravity coupled to scalars and abelian gauge fields in its 2-Killing vector reduction is shown to be quasi-renormalizable to all loop orders at the expense of introducing infinitely many essential couplings. The latter can be combined into one or two functions of the 'area radius' associated with the two Killing vectors. The renormalization flow of these couplings is governed by beta functionals expressible in closed form in terms of the (one coupling) beta function of a symmetric space sigma-model. Generically the matter coupled systems are asymptotically safe, that is the flow possesses a non-trivial UV stable fixed point at which the trace anomaly vanishes. The main exception is a minimal coupling of 4D Einstein gravity to massless free scalars, in which case the scalars decouple from gravity at the fixed point.

  10. Holographic Renormalization of Asymptotically Flat Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Miok

    2012-01-01

    We compute the boundary stress tensor associated with Mann-Marolf counterterm in asymptotic flat and static spacetime for cylindrical boundary surface as $r \\rightarrow \\infty$, and find that the form of the boundary stress tensor is the same as the hyperbolic boundary case in 4 dimensions, but has additional terms in higher than 4 dimensions. We find that these additional terms are impotent and do not contribute to conserved charges. We also check the conservation of the boundary stress tensor in a sense that $\\mathcal{D}^a T_{ab} = 0$, and apply our result to the ($n+3$)-dimensional static black hole solution. As a result, we show that the stress boundary tensor with Mann-Marolf counterterm works well in standard boundary surfaces.

  11. Chiral fermions in asymptotically safe quantum gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Meibohm, Jan

    2016-01-01

    We study the consistency of dynamical fermionic matter with the asymptotic safety scenario of quantum gravity using the functional renormalisation group. Since this scenario suggests strongly coupled quantum gravity in the UV, one expects gravity-induced fermion self-interactions at energies of the Planck-scale. These could lead to chiral symmetry breaking at very high energies and thus to large fermion masses in the IR. The present analysis which is based on the previous works \\cite{Christiansen:2015rva, Meibohm:2015twa}, concludes that gravity-induced chiral symmetry breaking at the Planck scale is avoided for a general class of NJL-type models, regardless of the number of fermion flavours. This suggests that the phase diagram for these models is topologically stable under the influence of gravitational interactions.

  12. Grassmann scalar fields and asymptotic freedom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palumbo, F. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Rome (Italy)

    1996-03-01

    The authors extend previous results about scalar fields whose Fourier components are even elements of a Grassmann algebra with given index of nilpotency. Their main interest in particle physics is related to the possibility that they describe fermionic composites analogous to the Copper pairs of superconductivity. The authors evaluate the free propagators for arbitrary index of nilpotency and they investigate a {phi}{sup 4} model to one loop. Due to the nature of the integral over even Grassmann fields such as a model exists for repulsive as well as attractive self interaction. In the first case the {beta}-function is equal to that of the ordinary theory, while in the second one the model is asymptotically free. The bare mass has a peculiar dependence on the cutoff, being quadratically decreasing/increasing for attractive/repulsive self interaction.

  13. Asymptotic stability of steady compressible fluids

    CERN Document Server

    Padula, Mariarosaria

    2011-01-01

    This volume introduces a systematic approach to the solution of some mathematical problems that arise in the study of the hyperbolic-parabolic systems of equations that govern the motions of thermodynamic fluids. It is intended for a wide audience of theoretical and applied mathematicians with an interest in compressible flow, capillarity theory, and control theory. The focus is particularly on recent results concerning nonlinear asymptotic stability, which are independent of assumptions about the smallness of the initial data. Of particular interest is the loss of control that sometimes results when steady flows of compressible fluids are upset by large disturbances. The main ideas are illustrated in the context of three different physical problems: (i) A barotropic viscous gas in a fixed domain with compact boundary. The domain may be either an exterior domain or a bounded domain, and the boundary may be either impermeable or porous. (ii) An isothermal viscous gas in a domain with free boundaries. (iii) A h...

  14. Asymptotic properties of restricted naming games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacherjee, Biplab; Datta, Amitava; Manna, S. S.

    2017-07-01

    Asymptotic properties of the symmetric and asymmetric naming games have been studied under some restrictions in a community of agents. In one version, the vocabulary sizes of the agents are restricted to finite capacities. In this case, compared to the original naming games, the dynamics takes much longer time for achieving the consensus. In the second version, the symmetric game starts with a limited number of distinct names distributed among the agents. Three different quantities are measured for a quantitative comparison, namely, the maximum value of the total number of names in the community, the time at which the community attains the maximal number of names, and the global convergence time. Using an extensive numerical study, the entire set of three power law exponents characterizing these quantities are estimated for both the versions which are observed to be distinctly different from their counter parts of the original naming games.

  15. The asymptotic safety scenario in quantum gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saueressig, Frank [Institute of Physics, University of Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Asymptotic safety offers the possibility that gravity constitutes a consistent and predictive quantum field theory within Wilsons generalized framework of renormalization. The key ingredient of this scenario is a non-trivial fixed point of the gravitational renormalization group flow which governs the UV behavior of the theory. The fixed point itself thereby guarantees the absence of unphysical UV divergences while its associated finite-dimensional UV-critical surface ensures the predictivity of the resulting quantum theory. This talk summarizes the evidence for the existence of such a fixed point, which emerged from the flow equation for the effective average action, the gravitational beta-functions in 2+{epsilon} dimensions, the 2-Killing vector reduction of the gravitational path-integral and lattice simulations. Possible phenomenological consequences are discussed in detail.

  16. Hydrodynamics, resurgence and trans-asymptotics

    CERN Document Server

    Basar, Gokce

    2015-01-01

    The second-order hydrodynamical description of a homogeneous conformal plasma that undergoes a boost- invariant expansion is given by a single nonlinear ordinary differential equation, whose resurgent asymptotic properties we study, developing further the recent work of Heller and Spalinski [Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 072501 (2015)]. Resurgence clearly identifies the non-hydrodynamic modes that are exponentially suppressed at late times, analogous to the quasi-normal-modes in gravitational language, organizing these modes in terms of a trans-series expansion. These modes are analogs of instantons in semi-classical expansions, where the damping rate plays the role of the instanton action. We show that this system displays the generic features of resurgence, with explicit quantitative relations between the fluctuations about different orders of these non-hydrodynamic modes. The imaginary part of the trans-series parameter is identified with the Stokes constant, and the real part with the freedom associated with init...

  17. Asymptotic Linear Stability of Solitary Water Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pego, Robert L.; Sun, Shu-Ming

    2016-12-01

    We prove an asymptotic stability result for the water wave equations linearized around small solitary waves. The equations we consider govern irrotational flow of a fluid with constant density bounded below by a rigid horizontal bottom and above by a free surface under the influence of gravity neglecting surface tension. For sufficiently small amplitude waves, with waveform well-approximated by the well-known sech-squared shape of the KdV soliton, solutions of the linearized equations decay at an exponential rate in an energy norm with exponential weight translated with the wave profile. This holds for all solutions with no component in (that is, symplectically orthogonal to) the two-dimensional neutral-mode space arising from infinitesimal translational and wave-speed variation of solitary waves. We also obtain spectral stability in an unweighted energy norm.

  18. Entropy Production during Asymptotically Safe Inflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Reuter

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Asymptotic Safety scenario predicts that the deep ultraviolet of Quantum Einstein Gravity is governed by a nontrivial renormalization group fixed point. Analyzing its implications for cosmology using renormalization group improved Einstein equations, we find that it can give rise to a phase of inflationary expansion in the early Universe. Inflation is a pure quantum effect here and requires no inflaton field. It is driven by the cosmological constant and ends automatically when the renormalization group evolution has reduced the vacuum energy to the level of the matter energy density. The quantum gravity effects also provide a natural mechanism for the generation of entropy. It could easily account for the entire entropy of the present Universe in the massless sector.

  19. Asymptotically thermal responses for smoothly switched detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Fewster, Christopher J; Louko, Jorma

    2015-01-01

    Thermal phenomena in quantum field theory can be detected with the aid of particle detectors coupled to quantum fields along stationary worldlines, by testing whether the response of such a detector satisfies the detailed balance version of the KMS condition at a constant temperature. This relation holds when the interaction between the field and the detector has infinite time duration. Operationally, however, detectors interact with fields for a finite amount of time, controlled by a switching function of compact support, and the KMS detailed balance condition cannot hold exactly for finite time interactions at arbitrarily large detector energy gap. In this large energy gap regime, we show that, for an adiabatically switched Rindler detector, the Unruh temperature emerges asymptotically after the detector and the field have interacted for a time that is polynomially long in the large energy. We comment on the significance of the adiabaticity assumption in this result.

  20. Asymptotic Behavior of Excitable Cellular Automata

    CERN Document Server

    Durrett, R; Durrett, Richard; Griffeath, David

    1993-01-01

    Abstract: We study two families of excitable cellular automata known as the Greenberg-Hastings Model (GHM) and the Cyclic Cellular Automaton (CCA). Each family consists of local deterministic oscillating lattice dynamics, with parallel discrete-time updating, parametrized by the range of interaction, the "shape" of its neighbor set, threshold value for contact updating, and number of possible states per site. GHM and CCA are mathematically tractable prototypes for the spatially distributed periodic wave activity of so-called excitable media observed in diverse disciplines of experimental science. Earlier work by Fisch, Gravner, and Griffeath studied the ergodic behavior of these excitable cellular automata on Z^2, and identified two distinct (but closely-related) elaborate phase portraits as the parameters vary. In particular, they noted the emergence of asymptotic phase diagrams (and Euclidean dynamics) in a well-defined threshold-range scaling limit. In this study we present several rigorous results and som...

  1. Introduction to Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Eid, Mounib F.

    2016-04-01

    A brief introduction on the main characteristics of the asymptotic giant branch stars (briefly: AGB) is presented. We describe a link to observations and outline basic features of theoretical modeling of these important evolutionary phases of stars. The most important aspects of the AGB stars is not only because they are the progenitors of white dwarfs, but also they represent the site of almost half of the heavy element formation beyond iron in the galaxy. These elements and their isotopes are produced by the s-process nucleosynthesis, which is a neutron capture process competing with the β- radioactive decay. The neutron source is mainly due to the reaction 13C(α,n)16O reaction. It is still a challenging problem to obtain the right amount of 13 C that can lead to s-process abundances compatible with observation. Some ideas are presented in this context.

  2. The Weak Haagerup Property II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haagerup, Uffe; Knudby, Søren

    2015-01-01

    The weak Haagerup property for locally compact groups and the weak Haagerup constant were recently introduced by the second author [27]. The weak Haagerup property is weaker than both weak amenability introduced by Cowling and the first author [9] and the Haagerup property introduced by Connes [6......] and Choda [5]. In this paper, it is shown that a connected simple Lie group G has the weak Haagerup property if and only if the real rank of G is zero or one. Hence for connected simple Lie groups the weak Haagerup property coincides with weak amenability. Moreover, it turns out that for connected simple...... Lie groups the weak Haagerup constant coincides with the weak amenability constant, although this is not true for locally compact groups in general. It is also shown that the semidirect product R2 × SL(2,R) does not have the weak Haagerup property....

  3. Weak martingale Hardy spaces and weak atomic decompositions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU; Youliang; REN; Yanbo

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we define some weak martingale Hardy spaces and three kinds of weak atoms. They are the counterparts of martingale Hardy spaces and atoms in the classical martingale Hp-theory. And then three atomic decomposition theorems for martingales in weak martingale Hardy spaces are proved. With the help of the weak atomic decompositions of martingale, a sufficient condition for a sublinear operator defined on the weak martingale Hardy spaces to be bounded is given. Using the sufficient condition, we obtain a series of martingale inequalities with respect to the weak Lp-norm, the inequalities of weak (p ,p)-type and some continuous imbedding relationships between various weak martingale Hardy spaces. These inequalities are the weak versions of the basic inequalities in the classical martingale Hp-theory.

  4. Asymptotic freedom in a string model of high temperature QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Awada, M

    1995-01-01

    Recently we have shown that a phase transition occurs in the leading and subleading approximation of the large N limit in rigid strings coupled to long range Kalb-Ramond interactions. The disordered phase is essentially the Nambu-Goto-Polyakov string theory while the ordered phase is a new theory. In this letter we compute the free energy per unit length of the interacting rigid string at finite temperature. We show that the mass of the winding states solves that of QCD strings in the limit of high temperature. We obtain a precise identification of the QCD coupling constant and those of the interacting rigid string. The relation we obtain is Ng_{QCD}^2 = ({8\\pi^2 (D-2)\\over 9})^2{1\\over 3\\kappa} where \\kappa = {D t \\alpha\\over \\pi \\mu_{c}} is the ratio of the extrinsic curvature coupling constant t, the Kalb-Ramond coupling constant \\alpha, and the critical string tension \\mu_{c}. The running beta function of \\kappa reproduces correctly the asymptotic behaviour of QCD.

  5. Error estimates in horocycle averages asymptotics: challenges from string theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cardella, M.A.

    2010-01-01

    For modular functions of rapid decay, a classical result connects the error estimate in their long horocycle average asymptotic to the Riemann hypothesis. We study similar asymptotics, for modular functions with not that mild growing conditions, such as of polynomial growth and of exponential growth

  6. An asymptotic solution of large-$N$ $QCD$

    CERN Document Server

    Bochicchio, Marco

    2014-01-01

    We find an asymptotic solution for two-, three- and multi-point correlators of local gauge-invariant operators, in a lower-spin sector of massless large-$N$ $QCD$, in terms of glueball and meson propagators, in such a way that the solution is asymptotic in the ultraviolet to renormalization-group improved perturbation theory, by means of a new purely field-theoretical technique that we call the asymptotically-free bootstrap, based on a recently-proved asymptotic structure theorem for two-point correlators. The asymptotically-free bootstrap provides as well asymptotic $S$-matrix amplitudes in terms of glueball and meson propagators. Remarkably, the asymptotic $S$-matrix depends only on the unknown particle spectrum, but not on the anomalous dimensions, as a consequence of the $LSZ$ reduction formulae. Very many physics consequences follow, both practically and theoretically. In fact, the asymptotic solution sets the strongest constraints on any actual solution of large-$N$ $QCD$, and in particular on any strin...

  7. Asymptotic Behavior of Solutions to a Linear Volterra Integrodifferential System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue-Wen Cheng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the asymptotic behavior of solutions to a linear Volterra integrodifferential system , We show that under some suitable conditions, there exists a solution for the above integrodifferential system, which is asymptotically equivalent to some given functions. Two examples are given to illustrate our theorem.

  8. Echoes of asymptotic silence in causal set quantum gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichhorn, Astrid; Mizera, Sebastian; Surya, Sumati

    2017-08-01

    We explore the idea of asymptotic silence in causal set theory and find that causal sets approximated by continuum spacetimes exhibit behavior akin to asymptotic silence. We make use of an intrinsic definition of spatial distance between causal set elements in the discrete analogue of a spatial hypersurface. Using numerical simulations for causal sets approximated by \

  9. Reduction Arguments for Geometric Inequalities Associated With Asymptotically Hyperboloidal Slices

    CERN Document Server

    Cha, Ye Sle; Sakovich, Anna

    2016-01-01

    We consider several geometric inequalities in general relativity involving mass, area, charge, and angular momentum for asymptotically hyperboloidal initial data. We show how to reduce each one to the known maximal (or time symmetric) case in the asymptotically flat setting, whenever a geometrically motivated system of elliptic equations admits a solution.

  10. An asymptotic solution of large-N QCD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bochicchio Marco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We find an asymptotic solution for two-, three- and multi-point correlators of local gauge-invariant operators, in a lower-spin sector of massless large-N QCD, in terms of glueball and meson propagators, in such a way that the solution is asymptotic in the ultraviolet to renormalization-group improved perturbation theory, by means of a new purely field-theoretical technique that we call the asymptotically-free bootstrap, based on a recently-proved asymptotic structure theorem for two-point correlators. The asymptotically-free bootstrap provides as well asymptotic S-matrix amplitudes in terms of glueball and meson propagators. Remarkably, the asymptotic S-matrix depends only on the unknown particle spectrum, but not on the anomalous dimensions, as a consequence of the LS Z reduction formulae. Very many physics consequences follow, both practically and theoretically. In fact, the asymptotic solution sets the strongest constraints on any actual solution of large-N QCD, and in particular on any string solution.

  11. Small-x asymptotics of structure function $g_2$

    CERN Document Server

    Ermolaev, B I

    1997-01-01

    Nonsinglet structure function g_2(x) for deep inelastic scattering of a lepton on a constituent quark is calculated in the double logarithmic approximation at x<<1. Small-x asymptotics of g_2 is shown to have the same singular behaviour as asymptotics of the nonsinglet structure function g_1.

  12. Strong Convergence Theorems for Mixed Typ e Asymptotically Nonexpansive Mappings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Shi-long; Guo Wei-ping

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study a new two-step iterative scheme with mean errors of mixed type for two asymptotically nonexpansive self-mappings and two asymptotically nonexpansive nonself-mappings and prove strong convergence theorems for the new two-step iterative scheme in uniformly convex Banach spaces.

  13. Asymptotic Hyperstability of Dynamic Systems with Point Delays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. De la Sen

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available It is proved that a linear time-invariant system with internal point delays is asymptotically hyperstable independent of the delays if an associate delay-free system is asymptotically hyperstable and the delayed dynamics are sufficiently small.

  14. The asymptotic variance of departures in critically loaded queues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Al Hanbali; M.R.H. Mandjes (Michel); Y. Nazarathy (Yoni); W. Whitt

    2010-01-01

    htmlabstractWe consider the asymptotic variance of the departure counting process D(t) of the GI/G/1 queue; D(t) denotes the number of departures up to time t. We focus on the case that the system load rho equals 1, and prove that the asymptotic variance rate satisfies lim_t Var D(t)/t = lambda

  15. Asymptotic expansions for high-contrast linear elasticity

    KAUST Repository

    Poveda, Leonardo A.

    2015-03-01

    We study linear elasticity problems with high contrast in the coefficients using asymptotic limits recently introduced. We derive an asymptotic expansion to solve heterogeneous elasticity problems in terms of the contrast in the coefficients. We study the convergence of the expansion in the H1 norm. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

  16. Asymptotic symmetries of de Sitter space-time

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chrusciel, P.T. (Polska Akademia Nauk, Warsaw. Inst. Fizyki)

    1981-01-01

    The general form of the metric of an axially-symmetrical asymptotically de Sitter space-time fulfilling a radiation condition was found. Using the Bondi-Metzner method, the group of asymptotic symmetries of de Sitter space-time was found. The results obtained in this work agree only partially with Penrose's theory.

  17. Numerical and asymptotic aspects of parabolic cylinder functions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Temme, N.M.

    2000-01-01

    Several uniform asymptotics expansions of the Weber parabolic cylinder functions are considered, one group in terms of elementary functions, another group in terms of Airy functions. Starting point for the discussion are asymptotic expansions given earlier by F.W.J. Olver. Some of his results are

  18. Large Time Asymptotics for Solutions of Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations

    CERN Document Server

    Sachdev, PL

    2010-01-01

    A large number of physical phenomena are modeled by nonlinear partial differential equations, subject to appropriate initial/boundary conditions. This title presents the constructive mathematical techniques. It deals with the asymptotic methods which include self-similarity, balancing argument, and matched asymptotic expansions

  19. Global asymptotic stability of cellular neural networks with multiple delays

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Global asymptotic stability (GAS) is discussed for cellular neural networks (CNN) with multiple time delays. Several criteria are proposed to ascertain the uniqueness and global asymptotic stability of the equilibrium point for the CNN with delays. These criteria can eliminate the difference between the neuronal excitatory and inhibitory effects. Two examples are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the criteria.

  20. Inversion assuming weak scattering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xenaki, Angeliki; Gerstoft, Peter; Mosegaard, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    The study of weak scattering from inhomogeneous media or interface roughness has long been of interest in sonar applications. In an acoustic backscattering model of a stationary field of volume inhomogeneities, a stochastic description of the field is more useful than a deterministic description...... due to the complex nature of the field. A method based on linear inversion is employed to infer information about the statistical properties of the scattering field from the obtained cross-spectral matrix. A synthetic example based on an active high-frequency sonar demonstrates that the proposed...

  1. The Weak Neutral Current

    CERN Document Server

    Erler, Jens

    2013-01-01

    This is a review of electroweak precision physics with particular emphasis on low-energy precision measurements in the neutral current sector of the electroweak theory and includes future experimental prospects and the theoretical challenges one faces to interpret these observables. Within the minimal Standard Model they serve as determinations of the weak mixing angle which are competitive with and complementary to those obtained near the Z-resonance. In the context of new physics beyond the Standard Model these measurements are crucial to discriminate between models and to reduce the allowed parameter space within a given model. We illustrate this for the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model with or without R-parity.

  2. Measurement of weak radioactivity

    CERN Document Server

    Theodorsson , P

    1996-01-01

    This book is intended for scientists engaged in the measurement of weak alpha, beta, and gamma active samples; in health physics, environmental control, nuclear geophysics, tracer work, radiocarbon dating etc. It describes the underlying principles of radiation measurement and the detectors used. It also covers the sources of background, analyzes their effect on the detector and discusses economic ways to reduce the background. The most important types of low-level counting systems and the measurement of some of the more important radioisotopes are described here. In cases where more than one type can be used, the selection of the most suitable system is shown.

  3. Weakly broken galileon symmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pirtskhalava, David [Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Santoni, Luca; Trincherini, Enrico [Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Pisa, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy); Vernizzi, Filippo [Institut de Physique Théorique, Université Paris Saclay, CEA, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette cédex, F-91191 (France)

    2015-09-01

    Effective theories of a scalar ϕ invariant under the internal galileon symmetryϕ→ϕ+b{sub μ}x{sup μ} have been extensively studied due to their special theoretical and phenomenological properties. In this paper, we introduce the notion of weakly broken galileon invariance, which characterizes the unique class of couplings of such theories to gravity that maximally retain their defining symmetry. The curved-space remnant of the galileon’s quantum properties allows to construct (quasi) de Sitter backgrounds largely insensitive to loop corrections. We exploit this fact to build novel cosmological models with interesting phenomenology, relevant for both inflation and late-time acceleration of the universe.

  4. Eigenvalue spectrum of the spheroidal harmonics: A uniform asymptotic analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hod, Shahar

    2015-06-01

    The spheroidal harmonics Slm (θ ; c) have attracted the attention of both physicists and mathematicians over the years. These special functions play a central role in the mathematical description of diverse physical phenomena, including black-hole perturbation theory and wave scattering by nonspherical objects. The asymptotic eigenvalues {Alm (c) } of these functions have been determined by many authors. However, it should be emphasized that all the previous asymptotic analyzes were restricted either to the regime m → ∞ with a fixed value of c, or to the complementary regime | c | → ∞ with a fixed value of m. A fuller understanding of the asymptotic behavior of the eigenvalue spectrum requires an analysis which is asymptotically uniform in both m and c. In this paper we analyze the asymptotic eigenvalue spectrum of these important functions in the double limit m → ∞ and | c | → ∞ with a fixed m / c ratio.

  5. On the asymptotics of the α-Farey transfer operator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kautzsch, J.; Kesseböhmer, M.; Samuel, T.; Stratmann, B. O.

    2015-01-01

    We study the asymptotics of iterates of the transfer operator for non-uniformly hyperbolic α-Farey maps. We provide a family of observables which are Riemann integrable, locally constant and of bounded variation, and for which the iterates of the transfer operator, when applied to one of these observables, is not asymptotic to a constant times the wandering rate on the first element of the partition α. Subsequently, sufficient conditions on observables are given under which this expected asymptotic holds. In particular, we obtain an extension theorem which establishes that, if the asymptotic behaviour of iterates of the transfer operator is known on the first element of the partition α, then the same asymptotic holds on any compact set bounded away from the indifferent fixed point.

  6. Eigenvalue spectrum of the spheroidal harmonics: A uniform asymptotic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Hod, Shahar

    2015-01-01

    The spheroidal harmonics $S_{lm}(\\theta;c)$ have attracted the attention of both physicists and mathematicians over the years. These special functions play a central role in the mathematical description of diverse physical phenomena, including black-hole perturbation theory and wave scattering by nonspherical objects. The asymptotic eigenvalues $\\{A_{lm}(c)\\}$ of these functions have been determined by many authors. However, it should be emphasized that all previous asymptotic analyzes were restricted either to the regime $m\\to\\infty$ with a fixed value of $c$, or to the complementary regime $|c|\\to\\infty$ with a fixed value of $m$. A fuller understanding of the asymptotic behavior of the eigenvalue spectrum requires an analysis which is asymptotically uniform in both $m$ and $c$. In this paper we analyze the asymptotic eigenvalue spectrum of these important functions in the double limit $m\\to\\infty$ and $|c|\\to\\infty$ with a fixed $m/c$ ratio.

  7. Asymptotic admissibility of priors and elliptic differential equations

    CERN Document Server

    Hartigan, J A

    2010-01-01

    We evaluate priors by the second order asymptotic behavior of the corresponding estimators.Under certain regularity conditions, the risk differences between efficient estimators of parameters taking values in a domain D, an open connected subset of R^d, are asymptotically expressed as elliptic differential forms depending on the asymptotic covariance matrix V. Each efficient estimator has the same asymptotic risk as a 'local Bayes' estimate corresponding to a prior density p. The asymptotic decision theory of the estimators identifies the smooth prior densities as admissible or inadmissible, according to the existence of solutions to certain elliptic differential equations. The prior p is admissible if the quantity pV is sufficiently small near the boundary of D. We exhibit the unique admissible invariant prior for V=I,D=R^d-{0). A detailed example is given for a normal mixture model.

  8. Asymptotics for Nonlinear Transformations of Fractionally Integrated Time Series

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The asymptotic theory for nonlinear transformations of fractionally integrated time series is developed. By the use of fractional Occupation Times Formula, various nonlinear functions of fractionally integrated series such as ARFIMA time series are studied, and the asymptotic distributions of the sample moments of such functions are obtained and analyzed. The transformations considered in this paper includes a variety of functions such as regular functions, integrable functions and asymptotically homogeneous functions that are often used in practical nonlinear econometric analysis. It is shown that the asymptotic theory of nonlinear transformations of original and normalized fractionally integrated processes is different from that of fractionally integrated processes, but is similar to the asymptotic theory of nonlinear transformations of integrated processes.

  9. Asymptotic Correction Schemes for Semilocal Exchange-Correlation Functionals

    CERN Document Server

    Pan, Chi-Ruei; Chai, Jeng-Da

    2013-01-01

    Aiming to remedy the incorrect asymptotic behavior of conventional semilocal exchange-correlation (XC) density functionals for finite systems, we propose an asymptotic correction scheme, wherein an exchange density functional whose functional derivative has the correct (-1/r) asymptote can be directly added to any semilocal density functional. In contrast to semilocal approximations, our resulting exchange kernel in reciprocal space exhibits the desirable singularity of the type O(-1/q^2) as q -> 0, which is a necessary feature for describing the excitonic effects in non-metallic solids. By applying this scheme to a popular semilocal density functional, PBE [J. P. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996)], the predictions of the properties that are sensitive to the asymptote are significantly improved, while the predictions of the properties that are insensitive to the asymptote remain essentially the same as PBE. Relative to the popular model XC potential scheme, our scheme is sig...

  10. Trabalhador com deficiência física: fragilidades e agravos autorreferidos Trabajador con discapacidad física: debilidades y daños auto percibidos Worker with physical disability: weaknesses and disorders self referred

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Ribas Leal

    2013-02-01

    ón de personas con discapacidad en sus ambientes de trabajo.This study aimed to investigate weaknesses and disorders experienced by workers with physical disabilities in their work environment. It is a descriptive case study, with qualitative approach. Data were collected from eight workers with physical disabilities and analyzed using thematic analysis. Most of the subjects surveyed reported having encountered difficulties in finding employment and mentioned the prejudice and obstacles to accessibility. Most of them do not identify risks for disease in the workplace. People with disabilities should have knowledge about their rights and about the occupational hazards they are exposed, in order to facilitate means for consolidating a society increasingly inclusive and to promote healthy ambience. Health professionals should make a profound reflection on the subject, so that can collaborate for the healthy inclusion of people with disabilities in their jobs.

  11. Weak Decay of Hypernuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Alberico, W M

    2004-01-01

    The focus of these Lectures is on the weak decay modes of hypernuclei, with special attention to Lambda-hypernuclei. The subject involves many fields of modern theoretical and experimental physics, from nuclear structure to the fundamental constituents of matter and their interactions. The various weak decay modes of Lambda-hypernuclei are described: the mesonic mode and the non-mesonic ones. The latter are the dominant decay channels of medium--heavy hypernuclei, where, on the contrary, the mesonic decay is disfavoured by Pauli blocking effect on the outgoing nucleon. In particular, one can distinguish between one-body and two-body induced decays. Theoretical models employed to evaluate the (partial and total) decay widths of hypernuclei are illustrated, and their results compared with existing experimental data. Open problems and recent achievements are extensively discussed, in particular the determination of the ratio Gamma_n/Gamma_p, possible tests of the Delta I=1/2 rule in non-mesonic decays and the pu...

  12. ICU-Acquired Weakness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolley, Sarah E; Bunnell, Aaron E; Hough, Catherine L

    2016-11-01

    Survivorship after critical illness is an increasingly important health-care concern as ICU use continues to increase while ICU mortality is decreasing. Survivors of critical illness experience marked disability and impairments in physical and cognitive function that persist for years after their initial ICU stay. Newfound impairment is associated with increased health-care costs and use, reductions in health-related quality of life, and prolonged unemployment. Weakness, critical illness neuropathy and/or myopathy, and muscle atrophy are common in patients who are critically ill, with up to 80% of patients admitted to the ICU developing some form of neuromuscular dysfunction. ICU-acquired weakness (ICUAW) is associated with longer durations of mechanical ventilation and hospitalization, along with greater functional impairment for survivors. Although there is increasing recognition of ICUAW as a clinical entity, significant knowledge gaps exist concerning identifying patients at high risk for its development and understanding its role in long-term outcomes after critical illness. This review addresses the epidemiologic and pathophysiologic aspects of ICUAW; highlights the diagnostic challenges associated with its diagnosis in patients who are critically ill; and proposes, to our knowledge, a novel strategy for identifying ICUAW. Copyright © 2016 American College of Chest Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Reverse Smoothing Effects, Fine Asymptotics, and Harnack Inequalities for Fast Diffusion Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Luis Vazquez

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available We investigate local and global properties of positive solutions to the fast diffusion equation ut=Δum in the good exponent range (d−2+/dweak Harnack inequalities and elliptic Harnack inequalities; also a slight improvement of the intrinsic Harnack inequality is given. We use them to derive sharp global positivity estimates and a global Harnack principle. Consequences of these latter estimates in terms of fine asymptotics are shown. For the mixed initial and boundary value problem posed in a bounded domain of ℝd with homogeneous Dirichlet condition, we prove weak, intrinsic, and elliptic Harnack inequalities for intermediate times. We also prove elliptic Harnack inequalities near the extinction time, as a consequence of the study of the fine asymptotic behavior near the finite extinction time.

  14. Weak Quantum Ergodicity

    CERN Document Server

    Kaplan, L

    1998-01-01

    We examine the consequences of classical ergodicity for the localization properties of individual quantum eigenstates in the classical limit. We note that the well known Schnirelman result is a weaker form of quantum ergodicity than the one implied by random matrix theory. This suggests the possibility of systems with non-gaussian random eigenstates which are nonetheless ergodic in the sense of Schnirelman and lead to ergodic transport in the classical limit. These we call "weakly quantum ergodic.'' Indeed for a class of "slow ergodic" classical systems, it is found that each eigenstate becomes localized to an ever decreasing fraction of the available state space, in the semiclassical limit. Nevertheless, each eigenstate in this limit covers phase space evenly on any classical scale, and long-time transport properties betwen individual quantum states remain ergodic due to the diffractive effects which dominate quantum phase space exploration.

  15. Solvable Optimal Velocity Models and Asymptotic Trajectory

    CERN Document Server

    Nakanishi, K; Igarashi, Y; Bando, M

    1996-01-01

    In the Optimal Velocity Model proposed as a new version of Car Following Model, it has been found that a congested flow is generated spontaneously from a homogeneous flow for a certain range of the traffic density. A well-established congested flow obtained in a numerical simulation shows a remarkable repetitive property such that the velocity of a vehicle evolves exactly in the same way as that of its preceding one except a time delay $T$. This leads to a global pattern formation in time development of vehicles' motion, and gives rise to a closed trajectory on $\\Delta x$-$v$ (headway-velocity) plane connecting congested and free flow points. To obtain the closed trajectory analytically, we propose a new approach to the pattern formation, which makes it possible to reduce the coupled car following equations to a single difference-differential equation (Rondo equation). To demonstrate our approach, we employ a class of linear models which are exactly solvable. We also introduce the concept of ``asymptotic traj...

  16. Truly Minimal Unification Asymptotically Strong Panacea ?

    CERN Document Server

    Aulakh, Charanjit S

    2002-01-01

    We propose Susy GUTs have a UV {\\it{attractor}} at $E\\sim \\Lambda_{cU} \\sim 10^{17} GeV $ where gauge symmetries ``confine'' forming singlet condensates at scales $E\\sim\\Lambda_{cU}$. The length $l_U\\sim \\Lambda_{cU}^{-1}$ characterizies the {\\it{size}} of gauge non- singlet particles yielding a picture dual to the Dual Standard model of Vachaspati. This Asymptotic Slavery (AS) fixed point is driven by realistic Fermion Mass(FM) Higgs content which implies AS. This defines a dynamical morphogenetic scenario dependent on the dynamics of UV strong N=1 Susy Gauge-Chiral(SGC) theories. Such systems are already understood in the AF case but ignored in the AS case. Analogy to the AFSGC suggests the perturbative SM gauge group of the Grand Desert confines at GUT scales i.e GUT symmetry is ``non-restored''. Restoration before confinement and self-inconsistency are the two other (less likely) logical possibilities. Truly Minimal (TM) SU(5) and SO(10) models with matter and FM Higgs only are defined; AM (adjoint multip...

  17. Asymptotic dynamics of inertial particles with memory

    CERN Document Server

    Langlois, Gabriel Provencher; Haller, George

    2014-01-01

    Recent experimental and numerical observations have shown the significance of the Basset--Boussinesq memory term on the dynamics of small spherical rigid particles (or inertial particles) suspended in an ambient fluid flow. These observations suggest an algebraic decay to an asymptotic state, as opposed to the exponential convergence in the absence of the memory term. Here, we prove that the observed algebraic decay is a universal property of the Maxey--Riley equation. Specifically, the particle velocity decays algebraically in time to a limit that is $\\mathcal O(\\epsilon)$-close to the fluid velocity, where $0<\\epsilon\\ll 1$ is proportional to the square of the ratio of the particle radius to the fluid characteristic length-scale. These results follows from a sharp analytic upper bound that we derive for the particle velocity. For completeness, we also present a first proof of existence and uniqueness of global solutions to the Maxey--Riley equation, a nonlinear system of fractional-order differential equ...

  18. Asymptotics of Heavy-Meson Form Factors

    CERN Document Server

    Grozin, A.G.; Grozin, Andrey G.; Neubert, Matthias

    1997-01-01

    Using methods developed for hard exclusive QCD processes, we calculate the asymptotic behaviour of heavy-meson form factors at large recoil. It is determined by the leading- and subleading-twist meson wave functions. For $1\\ll |v\\cdot v'|\\ll m_Q/\\Lambda$, the form factors are dominated by the Isgur--Wise function, which is determined by the interference between the wave functions of leading and subleading twist. At $|v\\cdot v'|\\gg m_Q/\\Lambda$, they are dominated by two functions arising at order $1/m_Q$ in the heavy-quark expansion, which are determined by the leading-twist wave function alone. The sum of these contributions describes the form factors in the whole region $|v\\cdot v'|\\gg 1$. As a consequence, there is an exact zero in the form factor for the scattering of longitudinally polarized $B^*$ mesons at some value $v\\cdot v'\\sim m_b/\\Lambda$, and an approximate zero in the form factor of $B$ mesons in the timelike region ($v\\cdot v'\\sim -m_b/\\Lambda$). We obtain the evolution equations and sum rules ...

  19. An asymptotic model of unsteady airway reopening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naire, S; Jensen, O E

    2003-12-01

    We consider a simple physical model for the reopening of a collapsed lung airway involving the unsteady propagation of a long bubble of air, driven at a prescribed flow-rate, into a liquid-filled channel formed by two flexible membranes that are held under large longitudinal tension and are confined between two parallel rigid plates. This system is described theoretically using an asymptotic approximation, valid for uniformly small membrane slopes, which reduces to a fourth-order nonlinear evolution equation for the channel width ahead of the bubble tip, from which the time-evolution of the bubble pressure pb* and bubble speed may be determined. The model shows that there can be a substantial delay between the time at which the bubble starts to grow in volume and the time at which its tip starts to move. Under certain conditions, the start of the bubble's motion is accompanied by a transient overshoot in pb*, as seen previously in experiment; the model predicts that the overshoot is greatest in narrow channels when the bubble is driven with a large volume flux. It is also shown how the threshold pressure for steady bubble propagation in wide channels has distinct contributions from the capillary pressure drop across the bubble tip and viscous dissipation in the channel ahead of the bubble.

  20. Asymptotic Solutions of Serial Radial Fuel Shuffling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue-Nong Chen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the mechanism of traveling wave reactors (TWRs is investigated from the mathematical physics point of view, in which a stationary fission wave is formed by radial fuel drifting. A two dimensional cylindrically symmetric core is considered and the fuel is assumed to drift radially according to a continuous fuel shuffling scheme. A one-group diffusion equation with burn-up dependent macroscopic coefficients is set up. The burn-up dependent macroscopic coefficients were assumed to be known as functions of neutron fluence. By introducing the effective multiplication factor keff, a nonlinear eigenvalue problem is formulated. The 1-D stationary cylindrical coordinate problem can be solved successively by analytical and numerical integrations for associated eigenvalues keff. Two representative 1-D examples are shown for inward and outward fuel drifting motions, respectively. The inward fuel drifting has a higher keff than the outward one. The 2-D eigenvalue problem has to be solved by a more complicated method, namely a pseudo time stepping iteration scheme. Its 2-D asymptotic solutions are obtained together with certain eigenvalues keff for several fuel inward drifting speeds. Distributions of the neutron flux, the neutron fluence, the infinity multiplication factor kinf and the normalized power are presented for two different drifting speeds.

  1. ASYMPTOTICS OF MEAN TRANSFORMATION ESTIMATORS WITH ERRORS IN VARIABLES MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Hengjian

    2005-01-01

    This paper addresses estimation and its asymptotics of mean transformation θ = E[h(X)] of a random variable X based on n iid. Observations from errors-in-variables model Y = X + v, where v is a measurement error with a known distribution and h(.) is a known smooth function. The asymptotics of deconvolution kernel estimator for ordinary smooth error distribution and expectation extrapolation estimator are given for normal error distribution respectively. Under some mild regularity conditions, the consistency and asymptotically normality are obtained for both type of estimators. Simulations show they have good performance.

  2. Asymptotic failure rate of a continuously monitored system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grall, A. [Institut des Sciences et Technologies de l' Information de Troyes (CNRS-FRE 2732), Equipe de Modelisation et de Surete des Systemes, Universite de Technologie de Troyes, 12 rue Marie Curie, BP 2060, 10010 Troyes Cedex (France)]. E-mail: antoine.grall@utt.fr; Dieulle, L. [Institut des Sciences et Technologies de l' Information de Troyes (CNRS-FRE 2732), Equipe de Modelisation et de Surete des Systemes, Universite de Technologie de Troyes, 12 rue Marie Curie, BP 2060, 10010 Troyes Cedex (France)]. E-mail: laurence.dieulle@utt.fr; Berenguer, C. [Institut des Sciences et Technologies de l' Information de Troyes (CNRS-FRE 2732), Equipe de Modelisation et de Surete des Systemes, Universite de Technologie de Troyes, 12 rue Marie Curie, BP 2060, 10010 Troyes Cedex (France)]. E-mail: christophe.berenguer@utt.fr; Roussignol, M. [Laboratoire d' Analyse et de Mathematiques Appliquees, Universite de Marne la Vallee, 5 bd Descartes, Champs sur Marne, 77454 Marne la Vallee, Cedex 2 (France)]. E-mail: michel.roussignol@univ-mlv.fr

    2006-02-01

    This paper deals with a perfectly continuously monitored system which gradually and stochastically deteriorates. The system is renewed by a delayed maintenance operation, which is triggered when the measured deterioration level exceeds an alarm threshold. A mathematical model is developed to study the asymptotic behavior of the reliability function. A procedure is proposed which allows us to identify the asymptotic failure rate of the maintained system. Numerical experiments illustrate the efficiency of the proposed procedure and emphasize the relevance of the asymptotic failure rate as an interesting indicator for the evaluation of the control-limit preventive replacement policy.

  3. Uniform Asymptotic Expansion for the Incomplete Beta Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemes, Gergő; Olde Daalhuis, Adri B.

    2016-10-01

    In [Temme N.M., Special functions. An introduction to the classical functions of mathematical physics, A Wiley-Interscience Publication, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1996, Section 11.3.3.1] a uniform asymptotic expansion for the incomplete beta function was derived. It was not obvious from those results that the expansion is actually an asymptotic expansion. We derive a remainder estimate that clearly shows that the result indeed has an asymptotic property, and we also give a recurrence relation for the coefficients.

  4. Asymptotic Solution of the Theory of Shells Boundary Value Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Andrianov

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of asymptotic methods in the theory of plates and shells. Asymptotic methods of solving problems related to theory of plates and shells have been developed by many authors. The main features of our paper are: (i it is devoted to the fundamental principles of asymptotic approaches, and (ii it deals with both traditional approaches, and less widely used, new approaches. The authors have paid special attention to examples and discussion of results rather than to burying the ideas in formalism, notation, and technical details.

  5. Articular Contact Mechanics From an Asymptotic Modeling Perspective: a Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Argatov

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper we review the current state-of-the-art in asymptotic modeling of articular contact. Particular attention has been given to the knee joint contact mechanics with a special emphasis on implications drawn from the asymptotic models, including average characteristics for articular cartilage layer. By listing a number of complicating effects such as transverse anisotropy, nonhomogeneity, variable thickness, nonlinear deformations, shear loading, and bone deformation, which may be accounted for by asymptotic modeling, some unsolved problems and directions for future research are also discussed.

  6. Weakly nonlinear electrophoresis of a highly charged colloidal particle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnitzer, Ory; Zeyde, Roman; Yavneh, Irad; Yariv, Ehud

    2013-05-01

    At large zeta potentials, surface conduction becomes appreciable in thin-double-layer electrokinetic transport. In the linear weak-field regime, where this effect is quantified by the Dukhin number, it is manifested in non-Smoluchowski electrophoretic mobilities. In this paper we go beyond linear response, employing the recently derived macroscale model of Schnitzer and Yariv ["Macroscale description of electrokinetic flows at large zeta potentials: Nonlinear surface conduction," Phys. Rev. E 86, 021503 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.021503] as the infrastructure for a weakly nonlinear analysis of spherical-particle electrophoresis. A straightforward perturbation in the field strength is frustrated by the failure to satisfy the far-field conditions, representing a non-uniformity of the weak-field approximation at large distances away from the particle, where salt advection becomes comparable to diffusion. This is remedied using inner-outer asymptotic expansions in the spirit of Acrivos and Taylor ["Heat and mass transfer from single spheres in Stokes flow," Phys. Fluids 5, 387 (1962), 10.1063/1.1706630], with the inner region representing the particle neighborhood and the outer region corresponding to distances scaling inversely with the field magnitude. This singular scheme furnishes an asymptotic correction to the electrophoretic velocity, proportional to the applied field cubed, which embodies a host of nonlinear mechanisms unfamiliar from linear electrokinetic theories. These include the effect of induced zeta-potential inhomogeneity, animated by concentration polarization, on electro-osmosis and diffuso-osmosis; bulk advection of salt; nonuniform bulk conductivity; Coulomb body forces acting on bulk volumetric charge; and the nonzero electrostatic force exerted upon the otherwise screened particle-layer system. A numerical solution of the macroscale model validates our weakly nonlinear analysis.

  7. Exactification of the Poincaré asymptotic expansion of the Hankel integral: spectacularly accurate asymptotic expansions and non-asymptotic scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galapon, Eric A; Martinez, Kay Marie L

    2014-02-08

    We obtain an exactification of the Poincaré asymptotic expansion (PAE) of the Hankel integral, [Formula: see text] as [Formula: see text], using the distributional approach of McClure & Wong. We find that, for half-integer orders of the Bessel function, the exactified asymptotic series terminates, so that it gives an exact finite sum representation of the Hankel integral. For other orders, the asymptotic series does not terminate and is generally divergent, but is amenable to superasymptotic summation, i.e. by optimal truncation. For specific examples, we compare the accuracy of the optimally truncated asymptotic series owing to the McClure-Wong distributional method with owing to the Mellin-Barnes integral method. We find that the former is spectacularly more accurate than the latter, by, in some cases, more than 70 orders of magnitude for the same moderate value of b. Moreover, the exactification can lead to a resummation of the PAE when it is exact, with the resummed Poincaré series exhibiting again the same spectacular accuracy. More importantly, the distributional method may yield meaningful resummations that involve scales that are not asymptotic sequences.

  8. Weak Cat-Operads

    CERN Document Server

    Dosen, K

    2010-01-01

    An operad (this paper deals with non-symmetric operads) may be conceived as a partial algebra with a family of insertion operations, Gerstenhaber's circle-i products, which satisfy two kinds of associativity, one of them involving commutativity. A Cat-operad is an operad enriched over the category Cat of small categories, as a 2-category with small hom-categories is a category enriched over Cat. The notion of weak Cat-operad is to the notion of Cat-operad what the notion of bicategory is to the notion of 2-category. The equations of operads like associativity of insertions are replaced by isomorphisms in a category. The goal of this paper is to formulate conditions concerning these isomorphisms that ensure coherence, in the sense that all diagrams of canonical arrows commute. This is the sense in which the notions of monoidal category and bicategory are coherent. The coherence proof in the paper is much simplified by indexing the insertion operations in a context-independent way, and not in the usual manner. ...

  9. Autoresonance versus localization in weakly coupled oscillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovaleva, Agnessa; Manevitch, Leonid I.

    2016-04-01

    We study formation of autoresonance (AR) in a two-degree of freedom oscillator array including a nonlinear (Duffing) oscillator (the actuator) weakly coupled to a linear attachment. Two classes of systems are studied. In the first class of systems, a periodic force with constant (resonance) frequency is applied to a nonlinear oscillator (actuator) with slowly time-decreasing stiffness. In the systems of the second class a nonlinear time-invariant oscillator is subjected to an excitation with slowly increasing frequency. In both cases, the attached linear oscillator and linear coupling are time-invariant, and the system is initially engaged in resonance. This paper demonstrates that in the systems of the first type AR in the nonlinear actuator entails oscillations with growing amplitudes in the linear attachment while in the system of the second type energy transfer from the nonlinear actuator is insufficient to excite high-energy oscillations of the attachment. It is also shown that a slow change of stiffness may enhance the response of the actuator and make it sufficient to support oscillations with growing energy in the attachment even beyond the linear resonance. Explicit asymptotic approximations of the solutions are obtained. Close proximity of the derived approximations to exact (numerical) results is demonstrated.

  10. Asymptotics, structure, and integration of sound-proof atmospheric flow equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Rupert

    2009-07-01

    Relative to the full compressible flow equations, sound-proof models filter acoustic waves while maintaining advection and internal waves. Two well-known sound-proof models, an anelastic model by Bannon and Durran’s pseudo-incompressible model, are shown here to be structurally very close to the full compressible flow equations. Essentially, the anelastic model is obtained by suppressing ∂ t ρ in the mass continuity equation and slightly modifying the gravity term, whereas the pseudo-incompressible model results from dropping ∂ t p from the pressure equation. For length scales small compared to the density and pressure scale heights, the anelastic model reduces to the Boussinesq approximation, while the pseudo-incompressible model approaches the zero Mach number, variable density flow equations. Thus, for small scales, both models are asymptotically consistent with the full compressible flow equations, yet the pseudo-incompressible model is more general in that it remains valid in the presence of large density variations. For the relatively small density variations found in typical atmosphere-ocean flows, both models are found to yield very similar results, with deviations between models much smaller than deviations obtained when using different numerical schemes for the same model. This in agreement with Smolarkiewicz and Dörnbrack (Int J Numer Meth Fluids 56:1513-1519, 2007). Despite these useful properties, neither model can be derived by a low-Mach number asymptotic expansion for length scales comparable to the pressure scale height, i.e., for the regime they were originally designed for. Derivations of these models via scale analysis ignore an asymptotic time scale separation between advection and internal waves. In fact, only the classical Ogura and Phillips model, which assumes weak stratification of the order of the Mach number squared, can be obtained as a leading-order model from systematic low Mach number asymptotic analysis. Issues of formal

  11. Kolmogorov turbulence by matched asymptotic expansions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundgren, Thomas S.

    2003-04-01

    The Kolmogorov [Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 30, 299 (1941), hereafter K41] inertial range theory is derived from first principles by analysis of the Navier-Stokes equation using the method of matched asymptotic expansions without assuming isotropy or homogeneity and the Kolmogorov (K62) [J. Fluid Mech. 13, 82 (1962)] refined theory is analyzed. This paper is an extension of Lundgren [Phys. Fluids 14, 638 (2002)], in which the second- and third-order structure functions were determined from the isotropic Karman-Howarth [Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 164, 192 (1938)] equation. The starting point for the present analysis is an equation for the difference in velocity between two points, one of which is a Lagrangian fluid point and the second, slaved to the first by a fixed separation r, is not Lagrangian. The velocity difference, so defined, satisfies the Navier-Stokes equation with spatial variable r. The analysis is carried out in two parts. In the first part the physical hypothesis is made that the mean dissipation is independent of viscosity as viscosity tends to zero, as assumed in K41. This means that the mean dissipation is finite as Reynolds number tends to infinity and leads to the K41 inertial range results. In the second part this dissipation assumption is relaxed in an attempt to duplicate the K62 theory. While the K62 structure is obtained, there are restrictions, resulting from the analysis which shows that there can be no inertial range intermittency as Reynolds number tends to infinity, and therefore the mean dissipation has to be finite as Reynolds number tends to infinity, as assumed in part one. Reynolds number-dependent corrections to the K41 results are obtained in the form of compensating functions of r/λ, which tend to zero slowly like Rλ-2/3 as Rλ→∞.

  12. Perturbatively charged holographic disorder

    CERN Document Server

    O'Keeffe, Daniel K

    2015-01-01

    Within the framework of holography applied to condensed matter physics, we study a model of perturbatively charged disorder in D=4 dimensions. Starting from initially uncharged AdS_4, a randomly fluctuating boundary chemical potential is introduced by turning on a bulk gauge field parameterized by a disorder strength and a characteristic scale k_0. Accounting for gravitational backreaction, we construct an asymptotically AdS solution perturbatively in the disorder strength. The disorder averaged geometry displays unphysical divergences in the deep interior. We explain how to remove these divergences and arrive at a well behaved solution. The disorder averaged DC conductivity is calculated and is found to contain a correction to the AdS result. The correction appears at second order in the disorder strength and scales inversely with k_0. We discuss the extension to a system with a finite initial charge density. The disorder averaged DC conductivity may be calculated by adopting a technique developed for hologr...

  13. Asymptotic expansions of Feynman integrals of exponentials with polynomial exponent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kravtseva, A. K.; Smolyanov, O. G.; Shavgulidze, E. T.

    2016-10-01

    In the paper, an asymptotic expansion of path integrals of functionals having exponential form with polynomials in the exponent is constructed. The definition of the path integral in the sense of analytic continuation is considered.

  14. Asymptotic Theory for Extended Asymmetric Multivariate GARCH Processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Asai (Manabu); M.J. McAleer (Michael)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractThe paper considers various extended asymmetric multivariate conditional volatility models, and derives appropriate regularity conditions and associated asymptotic theory. This enables checking of internal consistency and allows valid statistical inferences to be drawn based on empirical

  15. Modified Ricci flow and asymptotically non-flat spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Chatterjee, Shubhayu

    2013-01-01

    The present work extends the application of a modified Ricci flow equation to an asymptotically non flat space, namely Marder's cylindrially symmetric space. It is found that the flow equation has a solution at least in a particular case.

  16. Asymptotics of 6j and 10j symbols

    CERN Document Server

    Freidel, L; Freidel, Laurent; Louapre, David

    2003-01-01

    It is well known that the building blocks for state sum models of quantum gravity is given by 6j and 10j symbols. In this work we study the asymptotics of these symbols by using their expressions as group integrals. We carefully describe the measure involved in terms of invariant variables and develop new technics in order to study their asymptotics. Using these technics we recover the Ponzano-Regge formula for the SU(2) 6j-symbol. We show how the asymptotics of the various Lorentzian $6j$-symbols can be obtained by the same methods. Finally we compute the asymptotic expansion of the 10j symbol which is shown to be non-oscillating in agreement with a recent result of Baez et al. We discuss the physical origin of these behavior and a way to modify the Barrett-Crane model to cure this disease.

  17. Black hole thermodynamics from a variational principle: Asymptotically conical backgrounds

    CERN Document Server

    An, Ok Song; Papadimitriou, Ioannis

    2016-01-01

    The variational problem of gravity theories is directly related to black hole thermodynamics. For asymptotically locally AdS backgrounds it is known that holographic renormalization results in a variational principle in terms of equivalence classes of boundary data under the local asymptotic symmetries of the theory, which automatically leads to finite conserved charges satisfying the first law of thermodynamics. We show that this connection holds well beyond asymptotically AdS black holes. In particular, we formulate the variational problem for $\\mathcal{N}=2$ STU supergravity in four dimensions with boundary conditions corresponding to those obeyed by the so called `subtracted geometries'. We show that such boundary conditions can be imposed covariantly in terms of a set of asymptotic second class constraints, and we derive the appropriate boundary terms that render the variational problem well posed in two different duality frames of the STU model. This allows us to define finite conserved charges associat...

  18. Semilocal density functional theory with correct surface asymptotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantin, Lucian A.; Fabiano, Eduardo; Pitarke, J. M.; Della Sala, Fabio

    2016-03-01

    Semilocal density functional theory is the most used computational method for electronic structure calculations in theoretical solid-state physics and quantum chemistry of large systems, providing good accuracy with a very attractive computational cost. Nevertheless, because of the nonlocality of the exchange-correlation hole outside a metal surface, it was always considered inappropriate to describe the correct surface asymptotics. Here, we derive, within the semilocal density functional theory formalism, an exact condition for the imagelike surface asymptotics of both the exchange-correlation energy per particle and potential. We show that this condition can be easily incorporated into a practical computational tool, at the simple meta-generalized-gradient approximation level of theory. Using this tool, we also show that the Airy-gas model exhibits asymptotic properties that are closely related to those at metal surfaces. This result highlights the relevance of the linear effective potential model to the metal surface asymptotics.

  19. Asymptotical Properties for Parabolic Systems of Neutral Type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Bao-tong; HAN Mao-an

    2005-01-01

    Asymptotical properties for the solutions of neutral parabolic systems with Robin boundary conditions were analyzed by using the inequality analysis. The oscillations problems for the neutral parabolic systems were considered and some oscillation criteria for the systems were established.

  20. Asymptotic distributions in the projection pursuit based canonical correlation analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, associations between two sets of random variables based on the projection pursuit (PP) method are studied. The asymptotic normal distributions of estimators of the PP based canonical correlations and weighting vectors are derived.

  1. Asymptotical stability analysis of linear fractional differential systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chang-pin; ZHAO Zhen-gang

    2009-01-01

    It has been recently found that many models were established with the aid of fractional derivatives, such as viscoelastic systems, colored noise, electrode-electrolyte polarization, dielectric polarization, boundary layer effects in ducts,electromagnetic waves, quantitative finance, quantum evolution of complex systems, and fractional kinetics. In this paper, the asymptotical stability of higher-dimensional linear fractional differential systems with the Riemann-Liouville fractional order and Caputo fractional order were studied. The asymptotical stability theorems were also derived.

  2. Asymptotic-induced numerical methods for conservation laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbey, Marc; Scroggs, Jeffrey S.

    1990-01-01

    Asymptotic-induced methods are presented for the numerical solution of hyperbolic conservation laws with or without viscosity. The methods consist of multiple stages. The first stage is to obtain a first approximation by using a first-order method, such as the Godunov scheme. Subsequent stages of the method involve solving internal-layer problems identified by using techniques derived via asymptotics. Finally, a residual correction increases the accuracy of the scheme. The method is derived and justified with singular perturbation techniques.

  3. ASYMPTOTIC BEHAVIOR OF ECKHOFF'S METHOD FOR FOURIER SERIES CONVERGENCE ACCELERATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The current paper considers the problem of recovering a function using a limited number of its Fourier coefficients. Specifically, a method based on Bernoulli-like polynomials suggested and developed by Krylov, Lanczos, Gottlieb and Eckhoff is examined.Asymptotic behavior of approximate calculation of the so-called "jumps" is studied and asymptotic L2 constants of the rate of convergence of the method are computed.

  4. Asymptotic symmetries and charges in de Sitter space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anninos, Dionysios; Ng, Gim Seng; Strominger, Andrew, E-mail: gng@fas.harvard.edu [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2011-09-07

    The asymptotic symmetry group (ASG) at future null infinity (I{sup +}) of asymptotically four-dimensional de Sitter spacetimes is defined and shown to be given by the group of three-dimensional diffeomorphisms acting on I{sup +}. Finite charges are constructed for each choice of ASG generator together with a two-surface on I{sup +}. A conservation equation is derived relating the evolution of the charges with the radiation flux through I{sup +}.

  5. Asymptotic behaviour of extinction probability of interacting branching collision processes

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Anyue; Li, Junping; Chen, Yiqing; Zhou, Dingxuan

    2014-01-01

    Although the exact expressions for the extinction probabilities of the Interacting Branching Collision Processes (IBCP) were very recently given by Chen et al. [4], some of these expressions are very complicated; hence, useful information regarding asymptotic behaviour, for example, is harder to obtain. Also, these exact expressions take very different forms for different cases and thus seem lacking in homogeneity. In this paper, we show that the asymptotic behaviour of these extr...

  6. Discrete Weighted Pseudo Asymptotic Periodicity of Second Order Difference Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhinan Xia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We define the concept of discrete weighted pseudo-S-asymptotically periodic function and prove some basic results including composition theorem. We investigate the existence, and uniqueness of discrete weighted pseudo-S-asymptotically periodic solution to nonautonomous semilinear difference equations. Furthermore, an application to scalar second order difference equations is given. The working tools are based on the exponential dichotomy theory and fixed point theorem.

  7. An asymptotically exact theory of functionally graded piezoelectric shells

    CERN Document Server

    Le, Khanh Chau

    2016-01-01

    An asymptotically exact two-dimensional theory of functionally graded piezoelectric shells is derived by the variational-asymptotic method. The error estimation of the constructed theory is given in the energetic norm. As an application, analytical solution to the problem of forced vibration of a functionally graded piezoceramic cylindrical shell with thickness polarization fully covered by electrodes and excited by a harmonic voltage is found.

  8. An asymptotically exact theory of smart sandwich shells

    CERN Document Server

    Le, Khanh Chau

    2016-01-01

    An asymptotically exact two-dimensional theory of elastic-piezoceramic sandwich shells is derived by the variational-asymptotic method. The error estimation of the constructed theory is given in the energetic norm. As an application, analytical solution to the problem of forced vibration of a circular elastic plate partially covered by two piezoceramic patches with thickness polarization excited by a harmonic voltage is found.

  9. Singularity-free gravitational collapse and asymptotic safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, Ramón, E-mail: ramon.torres-herrera@upc.edu

    2014-06-02

    A general class of quantum improved stellar models with interiors composed of non-interacting (dust) particles is obtained and analyzed in a framework compatible with asymptotic safety. First, the effective exterior, based on the Quantum Einstein Gravity approach to asymptotic safety is presented and, second, its effective compatible dust interiors are deduced. The resulting stellar models appear to be devoid of shell-focusing singularities.

  10. Quick asymptotic expansion aided by a variational principle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hameiri, Eliezer [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012 (United States)

    2013-02-15

    It is shown how expanding asymptotically a variational functional can yield the asymptotic expansion of its Euler equation. The procedure is simple but novel and requires taking the variation of the expanded functional with respect to the leading order of the originally unknown function, even though the leading order of this function has already been determined in a previous order. An example is worked out that of a large aspect ratio tokamak plasma equilibrium state with relatively strong flows and high plasma beta.

  11. On the Asymptotics of Bessel Functions in the Fresnel Regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-10

    We introduce a version of the asymptotic expansions for Bessel functions Jν(z), Yν(z) that is valid whenever |z| > ν (which is deep in the Fresnel...equations, to be reported at a later date. On the asymptotics of Bessel functions in the Fresnel regime Z. Heitman‡ , J. Bremer?⊕, V. Rokhlin‡ , B...48109 ‡ Dept. of Mathematics, Yale University, New Haven CT 06511 Approved for public release: distribution is unlimited. Keywords: Bessel Functions

  12. The asymptotic variance of departures in critically loaded queues

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad; Mandjes, M.R.H.; Nazarathy, Y.; Whitt, W.

    2011-01-01

    We consider the asymptotic variance of the departure counting process D(t) of the GI/G/1 queue; D(t) denotes the number of departures up to time t. We focus on the case where the system load ϱ equals 1, and prove that the asymptotic variance rate satisfies limt→∞varD(t) / t = λ(1 - 2 / π)(ca2 +

  13. Relaxing the Parity Conditions of Asymptotically Flat Gravity

    OpenAIRE

    Compère, Geoffrey; Dehouck, François

    2011-01-01

    Four-dimensional asymptotically flat spacetimes at spatial infinity are defined from first principles without imposing parity conditions or restrictions on the Weyl tensor. The Einstein-Hilbert action is shown to be a correct variational principle when it is supplemented by an anomalous counter-term which breaks asymptotic translation, supertranslation and logarithmic translation invariance. Poincar\\'e transformations as well as supertranslations and logarithmic translations are associated wi...

  14. High-order topological asymptotic expansion for Stokes equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Abdelwahed

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We use the topological sensitivity analysis method to solve various optimization problems. It consists of studying the asymptotic expansion of the objective function relative to a perturbation of the domain topology. This expansion becomes insufficient in some applications when it is limited to the first order topological derivative. We present a new topological sensitivity analysis for the Stokes equations based on a high order asymptotic expansion. The derived result is valid for different class of shape functions.

  15. High frequency asymptotics of antenna/structure interactions

    OpenAIRE

    Coats, J.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis is motivated by the need to calculate the electromagnetic fields produced by sources radiating in the presence of conductors. We begin by reviewing existing theory concerning sources in the presence of flat structures. Various extensions to the canonical Sommerfeld problem are considered. In particular we investigate the asymptotic solution for a finite source that focusses its energy at a point. In chapter 5 we review and extend the asymptotic results concerning illuminat...

  16. Probabilistic and asymptotic methods with the Perron Frobenius's operator

    CERN Document Server

    Cirier, Guy

    2012-01-01

    We give a new global presentation of our results on the asymptotic behavior of an iteration. This paper brings many improvements and corrections to our previous preprints on the subject.Among the applications, we use new methods to compute asymptotic results of PDE like Lorenz or Navier-Stokes equations. New questions as the resonance are studied.Perron-Frobenius;resolving deviation;Julia's sets;Plancherel-Rotach'function;Lorenz andNavier-Sto kes equations;resonance;

  17. Asymptotic behaviour for a diffusion equation governed by nonlocal interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Ovono, Armel Andami

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we study the asymptotic behaviour of a nonlocal nonlinear parabolic equation governed by a parameter. After giving the existence of unique branch of solutions composed by stable solutions in stationary case, we gives for the parabolic problem $L^\\infty $ estimates of solution based on using the Moser iterations and existence of global attractor. We finish our study by the issue of asymptotic behaviour in some cases when $t\\to \\infty$.

  18. Asymptotics of perturbed soliton for Davey-Stewartson; 2, equation

    CERN Document Server

    Gadylshin, R R

    1998-01-01

    It is shown that, under a small perturbation of lump (soliton) for Davey-Stewartson (DS-II) equation, the scattering data gain the nonsoliton structure. As a result, the solution has the form of Fourier type integral. Asymptotic analysis shows that, in spite of dispertion, the principal term of the asymptotic expansion for the solution has the solitary wave form up to large time.

  19. Random attractors for asymptotically upper semicompact multivalue random semiflows

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The present paper studied the dynamics of some multivalued random semiflow. The corresponding concept of random attractor for this case was introduced to study asymptotic behavior. The existence of random attractor of multivalued random semiflow was proved under the assumption of pullback asymptotically upper semicompact, and this random attractor is random compact and invariant. Furthermore, if the system has ergodicity, then this random attractor is the limit set of a deterministic bounded set.

  20. Weak Total Resolvability In Graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casel Katrin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available A vertex v ∈ V (G is said to distinguish two vertices x, y ∈ V (G of a graph G if the distance from v to x is di erent from the distance from v to y. A set W ⊆ V (G is a total resolving set for a graph G if for every pair of vertices x, y ∈ V (G, there exists some vertex w ∈ W − {x, y} which distinguishes x and y, while W is a weak total resolving set if for every x ∈ V (G−W and y ∈ W, there exists some w ∈ W −{y} which distinguishes x and y. A weak total resolving set of minimum cardinality is called a weak total metric basis of G and its cardinality the weak total metric dimension of G. Our main contributions are the following ones: (a Graphs with small and large weak total metric bases are characterised. (b We explore the (tight relation to independent 2-domination. (c We introduce a new graph parameter, called weak total adjacency dimension and present results that are analogous to those presented for weak total dimension. (d For trees, we derive a characterisation of the weak total (adjacency metric dimension. Also, exact figures for our parameters are presented for (generalised fans and wheels. (e We show that for Cartesian product graphs, the weak total (adjacency metric dimension is usually pretty small. (f The weak total (adjacency dimension is studied for lexicographic products of graphs.

  1. The two-sample problem for Poisson processes: adaptive tests with a non-asymptotic wild bootstrap approach

    CERN Document Server

    Reynaud-Bouret, Patricia; Laurent, Béatrice

    2012-01-01

    Considering two independent Poisson processes, we address the question of testing equality of their respective intensities. We construct multiple testing procedures from the aggregation of single tests whose testing statistics come from model selection, thresholding and/or kernel estimation methods. The corresponding critical values are computed through a non-asymptotic wild bootstrap approach. The obtained tests are proved to be exactly of level $\\alpha$, and to satisfy non-asymptotic oracle type inequalities. From these oracle type inequalities, we deduce that our tests are adaptive in the minimax sense over a large variety of classes of alternatives based on classical and weak Besov bodies in the univariate case, but also Sobolev and anisotropic Nikol'skii-Besov balls in the multivariate case. A simulation study furthermore shows that they strongly perform in practice.

  2. Global existence, asymptotic behavior and blowup of solutions for a class of nonlinear wave equations with dissipative term

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhijian, Yang

    The paper studies the global existence, asymptotic behavior and blowup of solutions to the initial boundary value problem for a class of nonlinear wave equations with dissipative term. It proves that under rather mild conditions on nonlinear terms and initial data the above-mentioned problem admits a global weak solution and the solution decays exponentially to zero as t→+∞, respectively, in the states of large initial data and small initial energy. In particular, in the case of space dimension N=1, the weak solution is regularized to be a unique generalized solution. And if the conditions guaranteeing the global existence of weak solutions are not valid, then under the opposite conditions, the solutions of above-mentioned problem blow up in finite time. And an example is given.

  3. Weak compactness of biharmonic maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shenzhou Zheng

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article shows that if a sequence of weak solutions of a perturbed biharmonic map satisfies $Phi_ko 0$ in $(W^{2,2}^*$ and $u_kightharpoonup u$ weakly in $W^{2,2}$, then $u$ is a biharmonic map. In particular, we show that the space of biharmonic maps is sequentially compact under the weak-$W^{2,2}$ topology.

  4. Approximation of weak adjoints by reverse automatic differentiation of BDF methods

    CERN Document Server

    Beigel, Dörte; Wirsching, Leonard; Bock, Hans Georg

    2011-01-01

    With this contribution, we shed light on the relation between the discrete adjoints of multistep backward differentiation formula (BDF) methods and the solution of the adjoint differential equation. To this end, we develop a functional-analytic framework based on a constrained variational problem and introduce the notion of weak adjoint solutions. We devise a finite element Petrov-Galerkin interpretation of the BDF method together with its discrete adjoint scheme obtained by reverse internal numerical differentiation. We show how the finite element approximation of the weak adjoint is computed by the discrete adjoint scheme and prove its asymptotic convergence in the space of normalized functions of bounded variation. We also obtain asymptotic convergence of the discrete adjoints to the classical adjoints on the inner time interval. Finally, we give numerical results for non-adaptive and fully adaptive BDF schemes. The presented framework opens the way to carry over the existing theory on global error estimat...

  5. On the asymptotic behaviour of solutions of an asymptotically Lotka-Volterra model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attila Dénes

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We make more realistic our model [Nonlinear Anal. 73(2010, 650-659] on the coexistence of fishes and plants in Lake Tanganyika. The new model is an asymptotically autonomous system whose limiting equation is a Lotka-Volterra system. We give conditions for the phenomenon that the trajectory of any solution of the original non-autonomous system "rolls up"' onto a cycle of the limiting Lotka-Volterra equation as $t\\to\\infty$, which means that the limit set of the solution of the non-autonomous system coincides with the cycle. A counterexample is constructed showing that the key integral condition on the coefficient function in the original non-autonomous model cannot be dropped. Computer simulations illustrate the results.

  6. Numerical and asymptotic studies of delay differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, Mohit Hemchandra

    Two classes of differential delay equations exhibiting diverse phenomena are studied. The first one is a singularly perturbed delay differential equation which is used to model selected physical systems involving feedback where relaxation effects are combined with nonlinear driving from the past. In the limit of fast relaxation, the differential equation reduces to a difference equation or a map, due to the presence of the delay. A basic question in this field is how the behavior of the map is reflected in the behavior of the solutions of the delay differential equation. In this work, a generic logistic form is used for the underlying map and the above question is studied in the first period-doubling regime of the map. Using an efficient numerical algorithm, the shape and the period of the corresponding asymptotically stable periodic solution is studied first, for various values of the delay. In the limit of large delay, these solutions resemble square-waves of period close to twice the value of the delay, with sharp transition layers joining flat plateau-like regions. A Poincare-Lindstedt method involving a two-parameter perturbation expansion is applied to solve equations representing these layers and accurate expressions for the shape and the period of these solutions, in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions, are obtained. A similar approach is used to obtain leading order expressions for sub-harmonic solutions of shorter periods, but it is shown that while they are extremely long-lived for large values of delay, they eventually decay to the fundamental solutions mentioned above. The spectral algorithm used for the numerical integration is tested by comparing its accuracy and efficiency in obtaining stiff solutions of linear delay equations, with that of a current state-of-the-art time-stepping algorithm for integrating delay equations. Effect of delay on the synchronization of two nerve impulses traveling along two parallel nerve fibers, is the second question

  7. Asymptotics of bivariate generating functions with algebraic singularities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Torin

    Flajolet and Odlyzko (1990) derived asymptotic formulae the coefficients of a class of uni- variate generating functions with algebraic singularities. Gao and Richmond (1992) and Hwang (1996, 1998) extended these results to classes of multivariate generating functions, in both cases by reducing to the univariate case. Pemantle and Wilson (2013) outlined new multivariate ana- lytic techniques and used them to analyze the coefficients of rational generating functions. After overviewing these methods, we use them to find asymptotic formulae for the coefficients of a broad class of bivariate generating functions with algebraic singularities. Beginning with the Cauchy integral formula, we explicity deform the contour of integration so that it hugs a set of critical points. The asymptotic contribution to the integral comes from analyzing the integrand near these points, leading to explicit asymptotic formulae. Next, we use this formula to analyze an example from current research. In the following chapter, we apply multivariate analytic techniques to quan- tum walks. Bressler and Pemantle (2007) found a (d + 1)-dimensional rational generating function whose coefficients described the amplitude of a particle at a position in the integer lattice after n steps. Here, the minimal critical points form a curve on the (d + 1)-dimensional unit torus. We find asymptotic formulae for the amplitude of a particle in a given position, normalized by the number of steps n, as n approaches infinity. Each critical point contributes to the asymptotics for a specific normalized position. Using Groebner bases in Maple again, we compute the explicit locations of peak amplitudes. In a scaling window of size the square root of n near the peaks, each amplitude is asymptotic to an Airy function.

  8. Size Matters: Individual Variation in Ectotherm Growth and Asymptotic Size

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Richard B.

    2016-01-01

    Body size, and, by extension, growth has impacts on physiology, survival, attainment of sexual maturity, fecundity, generation time, and population dynamics, especially in ectotherm animals that often exhibit extensive growth following attainment of sexual maturity. Frequently, growth is analyzed at the population level, providing useful population mean growth parameters but ignoring individual variation that is also of ecological and evolutionary significance. Our long-term study of Lake Erie Watersnakes, Nerodia sipedon insularum, provides data sufficient for a detailed analysis of population and individual growth. We describe population mean growth separately for males and females based on size of known age individuals (847 captures of 769 males, 748 captures of 684 females) and annual growth increments of individuals of unknown age (1,152 males, 730 females). We characterize individual variation in asymptotic size based on repeated measurements of 69 males and 71 females that were each captured in five to nine different years. The most striking result of our analyses is that asymptotic size varies dramatically among individuals, ranging from 631–820 mm snout-vent length in males and from 835–1125 mm in females. Because female fecundity increases with increasing body size, we explore the impact of individual variation in asymptotic size on lifetime reproductive success using a range of realistic estimates of annual survival. When all females commence reproduction at the same age, lifetime reproductive success is greatest for females with greater asymptotic size regardless of annual survival. But when reproduction is delayed in females with greater asymptotic size, lifetime reproductive success is greatest for females with lower asymptotic size when annual survival is low. Possible causes of individual variation in asymptotic size, including individual- and cohort-specific variation in size at birth and early growth, warrant further investigation. PMID

  9. Chiral Disorder and Random Matrix Theory with Magnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Nowak, Maciej A; Zahed, Ismail

    2013-01-01

    We revisit the concept of chiral disorder in QCD in the presence of a QED magnetic field |eH|. Weak magnetism corresponds to |eH| < 1/rho^2 with rho\\approx (1/3) fm the vacuum instanton size, while strong magnetism the reverse. Asymptotics (ultra-strong magnetism) is in the realm of perturbative QCD. We analyze weak magnetism using the concept of the quark return probability in the diffusive regime of chiral disorder. The result is in agreement with expectations from chiral perturbation theory. We analyze strong and ultra-strong magnetism in the ergodic regime using random matrix theory including the effects of finite temperature. The strong magnetism results are in agreement with the currently reported lattice data in the presence of a small shift of the Polyakov line. The ultra-strong magnetism results are consistent with expectations from perturbative QCD. We suggest a chiral random matrix effective action with matter and magnetism to analyze the QCD phase diagram near the critical points under the infl...

  10. Asymptotic Floquet states of open quantum systems: the role of interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, M.; Poletti, D.; Ivanchenko, M.; Denisov, S.; Hänggi, P.

    2017-08-01

    When a periodically modulated many-body quantum system is weakly coupled to an environment, the combined action of these temporal modulations and dissipation steers the system towards a state characterized by a time-periodic density operator. To resolve this asymptotic non-equilibrium state at stroboscopic instants of time, we use the dissipative propagator over one period of modulations, ‘Floquet map’, and evaluate the stroboscopic density operator as its invariant. Particle interactions control properties of the map and thus the features of its invariant. In addition, the spectrum of the map provides insight into the system relaxation towards the asymptotic state and may help to understand whether it is possible (or not) to construct a stroboscopic time-independent Lindblad generator which mimics the action of the original time-dependent one. We illustrate the idea with a scalable many-body model, a periodically modulated Bose-Hubbard dimer. We contrast the relations between the interaction-induced bifurcations in a mean-field description with the numerically exact stroboscopic evolution and discuss the characteristics of the genuine quantum many-body state vs the characteristics of its mean-field counterpart.

  11. Asymptotic preserving IMEX finite volume schemes for low Mach number Euler equations with gravitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bispen, Georgij; Lukáčová-Medvid'ová, Mária; Yelash, Leonid

    2017-04-01

    In this paper we will present and analyze a new class of the IMEX finite volume schemes for the Euler equations with a gravity source term. We will in particular concentrate on a singular limit of weakly compressible flows when the Mach number M ≪ 1. In order to efficiently resolve slow dynamics we split the whole nonlinear system in a stiff linear part governing the acoustic and gravity waves and a non-stiff nonlinear part that models nonlinear advection effects. For time discretization we use a special class of the so-called globally stiffly accurate IMEX schemes and approximate the stiff linear operator implicitly and the non-stiff nonlinear operator explicitly. For spatial discretization the finite volume approximation is used with the central and Rusanov/Lax-Friedrichs numerical fluxes for the linear and nonlinear subsystem, respectively. In the case of a constant background potential temperature we prove theoretically that the method is asymptotically consistent and asymptotically stable uniformly with respect to small Mach number. We also analyze experimentally convergence rates in the singular limit when the Mach number tends to zero.

  12. Asymptotics for the multiple pole solutions of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiebold, Cornelia

    2017-07-01

    Multiple pole solutions consist of groups of weakly bound solitons. For the (focusing) nonlinear Schrödinger equation the double pole solution was constructed by Zakharov and Shabat. In the sequel particular cases have been discussed in the literature, but it has remained an open problem to understand multiple pole solutions in their full complexity. In the present work this problem is solved, in the sense that a rigorous and complete asymptotic description of the multiple pole solutions is given. More precisely, the asymptotic paths of the solitons are determined and their position- and phase-shifts are computed explicitly. As a corollary we generalize the conservation law known for the N-solitons. In the special case of one wave packet, our result confirms a conjecture of Olmedilla. Our method stems from an operator theoretic approach to integrable systems. To facilitate comparison with the literature, we also establish the link to the construction of multiple pole solutions via the inverse scattering method. The work is rounded off by many examples and Mathematica plots and a detailed discussion of the transition to the next level of degeneracy.

  13. Asymptotic ideal observers and surrogate figures of merit for signal detection with list-mode data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarkson, Eric

    2012-10-01

    The asymptotic form for the likelihood ratio is derived for list-mode data generated by an imaging system viewing a possible signal in a randomly generated background. This calculation provides an approximation to the likelihood ratio that is valid in the limit of large number of list entries, i.e., a large number of photons. These results are then used to derive surrogate figures of merit, quantities that are correlated with ideal-observer performance on detection tasks, as measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, but are easier to compute. A key component of these derivations is the determination of asymptotic forms for the Fisher information for the signal amplitude in the limit of a large number of counts or a long exposure time. This quantity is useful in its own right as a figure of merit (FOM) for the task of estimating the signal amplitude. The use of the Fisher information in detection tasks is based on the fact that it provides an approximation for ideal-observer detectability when the signal is weak. For both the fixed-count and fixed-time cases, four surrogate figures of merit are derived. Two are based on maximum likelihood reconstructions; one uses the characteristic functional of the random backgrounds. The fourth surrogate FOM is identical in the two cases and involves an integral over attribute space for each of a randomly generated sequence of backgrounds.

  14. [Systemic lupus erythematosus and weakness].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinagre, Filipe; Santos, Maria José; da Silva, José Canas

    2006-01-01

    We report a case of a 13-year old young girl, with Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and recent onset of muscle weakness. Investigations lead to the diagnosis of Myasthenia Gravis. The most important causes of muscle weakness in lupus patients are discussed.

  15. asymptotics for open-loop window flow control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur W. Berger

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available An open-loop window flow-control scheme regulates the flow into a system by allowing at most a specified window size W of flow in any interval of length L. The sliding window considers all subintervals of length L, while the jumping window considers consecutive disjoint intervals of length L. To better understand how these window control schemes perform for stationary sources, we describe for a large class of stochastic input processes the asymptotic behavior of the maximum flow in such window intervals over a time interval [0,T] as T and Lget large, with T substantially bigger than L. We use strong approximations to show that when T≫L≫logT an invariance principle holds, so that the asymptotic behavior depends on the stochastic input process only via its rate and asymptotic variability parameters. In considerable generality, the sliding and jumping windows are asymptotically equivalent. We also develop an approximate relation between the two maximum window sizes. We apply the asymptotic results to develop approximations for the means and standard deviations of the two maximum window contents. We apply computer simulation to evaluate and refine these approximations.

  16. Superradiant instabilities of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Stephen R.; Hollands, Stefan; Ishibashi, Akihiro; Wald, Robert M.

    2016-06-01

    We study the linear stability of asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes in general relativity in spacetime dimension d≥slant 4. Our approach is an adaptation of the general framework of Hollands and Wald, which gives a stability criterion in terms of the sign of the canonical energy, { E }. The general framework was originally formulated for static or stationary and axisymmetric black holes in the asymptotically flat case, and the stability analysis for that case applies only to axisymmetric perturbations. However, in the asymptotically anti-de Sitter case, the stability analysis requires only that the black hole have a single Killing field normal to the horizon and there are no restrictions on the perturbations (apart from smoothness and appropriate behavior at infinity). For an asymptotically anti-de Sitter black hole, we define an ergoregion to be a region where the horizon Killing field is spacelike; such a region, if present, would normally occur near infinity. We show that for black holes with ergoregions, initial data can be constructed such that { E }\\lt 0, so all such black holes are unstable. To obtain such initial data, we first construct an approximate solution to the constraint equations using the WKB method, and then we use the Corvino-Schoen technique to obtain an exact solution. We also discuss the case of charged asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes with generalized ergoregions.

  17. Black hole thermodynamics from a variational principle: asymptotically conical backgrounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Ok Song; Cvetič, Mirjam; Papadimitriou, Ioannis

    2016-03-01

    The variational problem of gravity theories is directly related to black hole thermodynamics. For asymptotically locally AdS backgrounds it is known that holographic renormalization results in a variational principle in terms of equivalence classes of boundary data under the local asymptotic symmetries of the theory, which automatically leads to finite conserved charges satisfying the first law of thermodynamics. We show that this connection holds well beyond asymptotically AdS black holes. In particular, we formulate the variational problem for {N}=2 STU supergravity in four dimensions with boundary conditions corresponding to those obeyed by the so called `subtracted geometries'. We show that such boundary conditions can be imposed covariantly in terms of a set of asymptotic second class constraints, and we derive the appropriate boundary terms that render the variational problem well posed in two different duality frames of the STU model. This allows us to define finite conserved charges associated with any asymptotic Killing vector and to demonstrate that these charges satisfy the Smarr formula and the first law of thermodynamics. Moreover, by uplifting the theory to five dimensions and then reducing on a 2-sphere, we provide a precise map between the thermodynamic observables of the subtracted geometries and those of the BTZ black hole. Surface terms play a crucial role in this identification.

  18. Asymptotic orbits in the ( N+1)-body ring problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, K. E.

    2009-10-01

    In this paper we study the asymptotic solutions of the ( N+1)-body ring planar problem, N of which are finite and ν= N-1 are moving in circular orbits around their center of masses, while the Nth+1 body is infinitesimal. ν of the primaries have equal masses m and the Nth most-massive primary, with m 0= β m, is located at the origin of the system. We found the invariant unstable and stable manifolds around hyperbolic Lyapunov periodic orbits, which emanate from the collinear equilibrium points L 1 and L 2. We construct numerically, from the intersection points of the appropriate Poincaré cuts, homoclinic symmetric asymptotic orbits around these Lyapunov periodic orbits. There are families of symmetric simple-periodic orbits which contain as terminal points asymptotic orbits which intersect the x-axis perpendicularly and tend asymptotically to equilibrium points of the problem spiraling into (and out of) these points. All these families, for a fixed value of the mass parameter β=2, are found and presented. The eighteen (more geometrically simple) families and the corresponding eighteen terminating homo- and heteroclinic symmetric asymptotic orbits are illustrated. The stability of these families is computed and also presented.

  19. Asymptotic orbits in the restricted four-body problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadakis, K. E.

    2007-07-01

    This paper studies the asymptotic solutions of the restricted planar problem of four bodies, three of which are finite, moving in circular orbits around their center of masses, while the fourth is infinitesimal. Two of the primaries have equal mass and the most-massive primary is located at the origin of the system. We found the invariant unstable and stable manifolds around the hyperbolic Lyapunov periodic orbits which emanate from the collinear equilibrium points Li,i=1,…,4, as well as the invariant manifolds from the Lagrangian critical points L5 and L6. We construct numerically, applying forward and backward integration from the intersection points of the appropriate Poincaré cuts, homo- and hetero-clinic, symmetric and non-symmetric asymptotic orbits. We present the characteristic curves of the 24 families which consist of symmetric simple-periodic orbits of the problem for a fixed value of the mass parameter b. The stability of the families is computed and also presented. Sixteen families contain as terminal points asymptotic periodic orbits which intersect the x-axis perpendicularly and tend asymptotically to L5 for t→+∞ and to L6 for t→-∞, spiralling into (and out of) these points. The corresponding 16 terminating heteroclinic asymptotic orbits, for b=2, are illustrated.

  20. Preheating in an asymptotically safe quantum field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svendsen, Ole; Moghaddam, Hossein Bazrafshan; Brandenberger, Robert

    2016-10-01

    We consider reheating in a class of asymptotically safe quantum field theories recently studied in [D. F. Litim and F. Sannino, Asymptotic safety guaranteed, J. High Energy Phys. 12 (2014) 178; D. F. Litim, M. Mojaza, and F. Sannino, Vacuum stability of asymptotically safe gauge-Yukawa theories, J. High Energy Phys. 01 (2016) 081]. These theories allow for an inflationary phase in the very early universe. Inflation ends with a period of reheating. Since the models contain many scalar fields which are intrinsically coupled to the inflaton there is the possibility of parametric resonance instability in the production of these fields, and the danger that the induced curvature fluctuations will become too large. Here we show that the parametric instability indeed arises, and that hence the energy transfer from the inflaton condensate to fluctuating fields is rapid. Demanding that the curvature fluctuations induced by the parametrically amplified entropy modes do not exceed the upper observational bounds puts a lower bound on the number of fields which the model followed in [D. F. Litim and F. Sannino, Asymptotic safety guaranteed, J. High Energy Phys. 12 (2014) 178; D. F. Litim, M. Mojaza, and F. Sannino, Vacuum stability of asymptotically safe gauge-Yukawa theories, J. High Energy Phys. 01 (2016) 081] must contain. This bound also depends on the total number of e -foldings of the inflationary phase.

  1. Asymptotic properties for the semiparametric regression model with randomly censored data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王启华; 郑忠国

    1997-01-01

    Suppose that the patients’ survival times,Y,are random variables following the semiparametric regression model Y=Xβ+g(T)+ε,where (X,T) is a radom vector taking values in R×[0,1],β is an unknown parameter,g(·) is an unknown smooth regression function and εis the random error with zero mean and variance σ2.It is assumed that (X,T) is independent of ε.The estimators βn and gm(·) ofβ and g(·) are defined,respectively,when the observations are randomly censored on the right and the censoring distribution is unknown.Moreover,it isshown that βm is asymptotically normal and gm(·) is weak consistence with rate Op(n-1/3).

  2. Asymptotic reductions and solitons of nonlocal nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equations

    CERN Document Server

    Horikis, Theodoros P

    2016-01-01

    Asymptotic reductions of a defocusing nonlocal nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger model in $(3+1)$-dimensions, in both Cartesian and cylindrical geometry, are presented. First, at an intermediate stage, a Boussinesq equation is derived, and then its far-field, in the form of a variety of Kadomtsev-Petviashvilli (KP) equations for right- and left-going waves, is found. KP models include versions of the KP-I and KP-II equations, in Cartesian and cylindrical geometry. Solitary waves solutions, planar or ring-shaped, and of dark or anti-dark type, are also predicted to occur. Their nature and stability is determined by a parameter defined by the physical parameters of the original nonlocal system. It is thus found that (dark) anti-dark solitary waves are only supported by a weak (strong) nonlocality, and are unstable (stable) in higher-dimensions. Our analytical predictions are corroborated by direct numerical simulations.

  3. BOOTSTRAP WAVELET IN THE NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION MODEL WITH WEAKLY DEPENDENT PROCESSES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林路; 张润楚

    2004-01-01

    This paper introduces a method of bootstrap wavelet estimation in a nonparametric regression model with weakly dependent processes for both fixed and random designs. The asymptotic bounds for the bias and variance of the bootstrap wavelet estimators are given in the fixed design model. The conditional normality for a modified version of the bootstrap wavelet estimators is obtained in the fixed model. The consistency for the bootstrap wavelet estimator is also proved in the random design model. These results show that the bootstrap wavelet method is valid for the model with weakly dependent processes.

  4. Asymptotic Behaviour of Solutions to the Navier-stokes Equations of a Two-dimensional Compressible Flow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying-hui ZHANG; Zhong TAN

    2011-01-01

    In this paper,we are concerned with the asymptotic behaviour of a weak solution to the NavierStokes equations for compressible barotropic flow in two space dimensions with the pressure function satisfying p(ρ) =a(ρ)logd(ρ) for large (ρ).Here d > 2,a > 0.We introduce useful tools from the theory of Orlicz spaces and construct a suitable function which approximates the density for time going to infinity.Using properties of this function,we can prove the strong convergence of the density to its limit state.The behaviour of the velocity field and kinetic energy is also briefly discussed.

  5. Asymptotic chaos expansions in finance theory and practice

    CERN Document Server

    Nicolay, David

    2014-01-01

    Stochastic instantaneous volatility models such as Heston, SABR or SV-LMM have mostly been developed to control the shape and joint dynamics of the implied volatility surface. In principle, they are well suited for pricing and hedging vanilla and exotic options, for relative value strategies or for risk management. In practice however, most SV models lack a closed form valuation for European options. This book presents the recently developed Asymptotic Chaos Expansions methodology (ACE) which addresses that issue. Indeed its generic algorithm provides, for any regular SV model, the pure asymptotes at any order for both the static and dynamic maps of the implied volatility surface. Furthermore, ACE is programmable and can complement other approximation methods. Hence it allows a systematic approach to designing, parameterising, calibrating and exploiting SV models, typically for Vega hedging or American Monte-Carlo. Asymptotic Chaos Expansions in Finance illustrates the ACE approach for single underlyings (suc...

  6. Asymptotic behaviour of zeros of exceptional Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Gómez-Ullate, David; Milson, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The location and asymptotic behaviour for large n of the zeros of exceptional Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials are discussed. The zeros of exceptional polynomials fall into two classes: the regular zeros, which lie in the interval of orthogonality and the exceptional zeros, which lie outside that interval. We show that the regular zeros have two interlacing properties: one is the natural interlacing between consecutive polynomials as a consequence of their Sturm-Liouville character, while the other one shows interlacing between the zeros of exceptional and classical polynomials. A generalization of the classical Heine-Mehler formula is provided for the exceptional polynomials, which allows to derive the asymptotic behaviour of their regular zeros. We also describe the location and the asymptotic behaviour of the exceptional zeros, which converge for large n to fixed values.

  7. Fast evaluation of asymptotic waveforms from gravitational perturbations

    CERN Document Server

    Benedict, Alex G; Lau, Stephen R

    2012-01-01

    In the context of blackhole perturbation theory, we describe both exact evaluation of an asymptotic waveform from a time series recorded at a finite radial location and its numerical approximation. From the user's standpoint our technique is easy to implement, affords high accuracy, and works for both axial (Regge-Wheeler) and polar (Zerilli) sectors. Our focus is on the ease of implementation with publicly available numerical tables, either as part of an existing evolution code or a post-processing step. Nevertheless, we also present a thorough theoretical discussion of asymptotic waveform evaluation and radiation boundary conditions, which need not be understood by a user of our methods. In particular, we identify (both in the time and frequency domains) analytical asymptotic waveform evaluation kernels, and describe their approximation by techniques developed by Alpert, Greengard, and Hagstrom. This paper also presents new results on the evaluation of far-field signals for the ordinary (acoustic) wave equa...

  8. Asymptotics of the QMLE for General ARCH(q) Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Dennis; Rahbek, Anders Christian

    2009-01-01

    Asymptotics of the QMLE for Non-Linear ARCH Models Dennis Kristensen, Columbia University Anders Rahbek, University of Copenhagen Abstract Asymptotic properties of the quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) for non-linear ARCH(q) models -- including for example Asymmetric Power ARCH and log......-ARCH -- are derived. Strong consistency is established under the assumptions that the ARCH process is geometrically ergodic, the conditional variance function has a finite log-moment, and finite second moment of the rescaled error. Asymptotic normality of the estimator is established under the additional assumption...... that certain ratios involving the conditional variance function are suitably bounded, and that the rescaled errors have little more than fourth moment. We verify our general conditions, including identification, for a wide range of leading specific ARCH models....

  9. Spherical convective dynamos in the rapidly rotating asymptotic regime

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Julien; Fournier, Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    Self-sustained convective dynamos in planetary systems operate in an asymptotic regime of rapid rotation, where a balance is thought to hold between the Coriolis, pressure, buoyancy and Lorentz forces (the MAC balance). Classical numerical solutions have previously been obtained in a regime of moderate rotation where viscous and inertial forces are still significant. We define a unidimensional path in parameter space between classical models and asymptotic conditions from the requirements to enforce a MAC balance and to preserve the ratio between the magnetic diffusion and convective overturn times (the magnetic Reynolds number). Direct numerical simulations performed along this path show that the spatial structure of the solution at scales larger than the magnetic dissipation length is largely invariant. This enables the definition of large-eddy simulations resting on the assumption that small-scale details of the hydrodynamic turbulence are irrelevant to the determination of the large-scale asymptotic state...

  10. Asymptotics of a singularly perturbed GUE partition function

    CERN Document Server

    Mezzadri, F

    2010-01-01

    We study the double scaling asymptotic limit for large matrix dimension N of the partition function of the unitary ensemble with weight exp(-z^2/2x^2 + t/x - x^2/2). We derive the asymptotics of the partition function when z and t are of O(N^(-1/2)). Our results are obtained using the Deift-Zhou steepest descent method and are expressed in terms of a solution of a fourth order nonlinear differential equation. We also compute the asymptotic limit of such a solution when zN^(1/2) -> 0. The behavior of this solution, together with fact that the partition function is an odd function in the variable t, allows us to reduce such a fourth order differential equation into a second order nonlinear ODE.

  11. A new class of asymptotically non-chaotic vacuum singularities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klinger, Paul, E-mail: paul.klinger@univie.ac.at

    2015-12-15

    The BKL conjecture, stated in the 1960s and early 1970s by Belinski, Khalatnikov and Lifschitz, proposes a detailed description of the generic asymptotic dynamics of spacetimes as they approach a spacelike singularity. It predicts complicated chaotic behaviour in the generic case, but simpler non-chaotic one in cases with symmetry assumptions or certain kinds of matter fields. Here we construct a new class of four-dimensional vacuum spacetimes containing spacelike singularities which show non-chaotic behaviour. In contrast with previous constructions, no symmetry assumptions are made. Rather, the metric is decomposed in Iwasawa variables and conditions on the asymptotic evolution of some of them are imposed. The constructed solutions contain five free functions of all space coordinates, two of which are constrained by inequalities. We investigate continuous and discrete isometries and compare the solutions to previous constructions. Finally, we give the asymptotic behaviour of the metric components and curvature.

  12. Holography of 3D Asymptotically Flat Black Holes

    CERN Document Server

    Fareghbal, Reza

    2014-01-01

    We study the asymptotically flat rotating hairy black hole solution of a three-dimensional gravity theory which is given by taking flat-space limit (zero cosmological constant limit) of New Massive Gravity (NMG). We propose that the dual field theory of the flat-space limit of NMG can be described by a Contracted Conformal Field Theory (CCFT). Using Flat/CCFT correspondence we construct a stress tensor which yields the conserved charges of the asymptotically flat black hole solution. Furthermore, by taking appropriate limit of the Cardy formula in the parent CFT, we find a Cardy-like formula which reproduces the Wald's entropy of the 3D asymptotically flat black hole.

  13. Asymptotic symmetries of QED and Weinberg's soft photon theorem

    CERN Document Server

    Campiglia, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Various equivalences between so-called soft theorems which constrain scattering amplitudes and Ward identities related to asymptotic symmetries have recently been established in gauge theories and gravity. So far these equivalences have been restricted to the case of massless matter fields, the reason being that the asymptotic symmetries are defined at null infinity. The restriction is however unnatural from the perspective of soft theorems which are insensitive to the masses of the external particles. In this work we remove the aforementioned restriction in the context of scalar QED. Inspired by the radiative phase space description of massless fields at null infinity, we introduce a manifold description of time-like infinity on which the asymptotic phase space for massive fields can be defined. The "angle dependent" large gauge transformations are shown to have a well defined action on this phase space, and the resulting Ward identities are found to be equivalent to Weinberg's soft photon theorem.

  14. Scalar hairy black holes and solitons in asymptotically flat spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Nucamendi, U; Nucamendi, Ulises; Salgado, Marcelo

    2003-01-01

    A numerical analysis shows that a class of scalar-tensor theories of gravity with a scalar field minimally and nonminimally coupled to the curvature allows static and spherically symmetric black hole solutions with scalar-field hair in asymptotically flat spacetimes. In the limit when the horizon radius of the black hole tends to zero, regular scalar solitons are found. The asymptotically flat solutions are obtained provided that the scalar potential $V(\\phi)$ of the theory is ``finetuned'' such that its local minimum is also a zero of the potential, the scalar field settling asymptotically at that minimum. The configurations, although unstable under spherically symmetric linear perturbations, are regular and thus can serve as counterexamples to the no-scalar-hair conjecture.

  15. Detailed ultraviolet asymptotics for AdS scalar field perturbations

    CERN Document Server

    Evnin, Oleg

    2016-01-01

    We present a range of methods suitable for accurate evaluation of the leading asymptotics for integrals of products of Jacobi polynomials in limits when the degrees of some or all polynomials inside the integral become large. The structures in question have recently emerged in the context of effective descriptions of small amplitude perturbations in anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime. The limit of high degree polynomials corresponds in this situation to effective interactions involving extreme short-wavelength modes, whose dynamics is crucial for the turbulent instabilities that determine the ultimate fate of small AdS perturbations. We explicitly apply the relevant asymptotic techniques to the case of a self-interacting probe scalar field in AdS and extract a detailed form of the leading large degree behavior, including closed form analytic expressions for the numerical coefficients appearing in the asymptotics.

  16. Detailed ultraviolet asymptotics for AdS scalar field perturbations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evnin, Oleg [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University,Thanon Phayathai, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Theoretische Natuurkunde, Vrije Universiteit Brussel and The International Solvay Institutes,Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Jai-akson, Puttarak [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University,Thanon Phayathai, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)

    2016-04-11

    We present a range of methods suitable for accurate evaluation of the leading asymptotics for integrals of products of Jacobi polynomials in limits when the degrees of some or all polynomials inside the integral become large. The structures in question have recently emerged in the context of effective descriptions of small amplitude perturbations in anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime. The limit of high degree polynomials corresponds in this situation to effective interactions involving extreme short-wavelength modes, whose dynamics is crucial for the turbulent instabilities that determine the ultimate fate of small AdS perturbations. We explicitly apply the relevant asymptotic techniques to the case of a self-interacting probe scalar field in AdS and extract a detailed form of the leading large degree behavior, including closed form analytic expressions for the numerical coefficients appearing in the asymptotics.

  17. The unitary conformal field theory behind 2D Asymptotic Safety

    CERN Document Server

    Nink, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Being interested in the compatibility of Asymptotic Safety with Hilbert space positivity (unitarity), we consider a local truncation of the functional RG flow which describes quantum gravity in $d>2$ dimensions and construct its limit of exactly two dimensions. We find that in this limit the flow displays a nontrivial fixed point whose effective average action is a non-local functional of the metric. Its pure gravity sector is shown to correspond to a unitary conformal field theory with positive central charge $c=25$. Representing the fixed point CFT by a Liouville theory in the conformal gauge, we investigate its general properties and their implications for the Asymptotic Safety program. In particular, we discuss its field parametrization dependence and argue that there might exist more than one universality class of metric gravity theories in two dimensions. Furthermore, studying the gravitational dressing in 2D asymptotically safe gravity coupled to conformal matter we uncover a mechanism which leads to a...

  18. Contact mechanics of articular cartilage layers asymptotic models

    CERN Document Server

    Argatov, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    This book presents a comprehensive and unifying approach to articular contact mechanics with an emphasis on frictionless contact interaction of thin cartilage layers. The first part of the book (Chapters 1–4) reviews the results of asymptotic analysis of the deformational behavior of thin elastic and viscoelastic layers. A comprehensive review of the literature is combined with the authors’ original contributions. The compressible and incompressible cases are treated separately with a focus on exact solutions for asymptotic models of frictionless contact for thin transversely isotropic layers bonded to rigid substrates shaped like elliptic paraboloids. The second part (Chapters 5, 6, and 7) deals with the non-axisymmetric contact of thin transversely isotropic biphasic layers and presents the asymptotic modelling methodology for tibio-femoral contact. The third part of the book consists of Chapter 8, which covers contact problems for thin bonded inhomogeneous transversely isotropic elastic layers, and Cha...

  19. Holography of 3D asymptotically flat black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fareghbal, Reza; Hosseini, Seyed Morteza

    2015-04-01

    We study the asymptotically flat rotating hairy black hole solution of a three-dimensional gravity theory which is given by taking the flat-space limit (zero cosmological constant limit) of new massive gravity. We propose that the dual field theory of the flat-space limit of new massive gravity can be described by a contracted conformal field theory which is invariant under the action of the BMS3 group. Using the flat/contracted conformal field theory correspondence, we construct a stress tensor which yields the conserved charges of the asymptotically flat black hole solution. We check that our expressions of the mass and angular momentum fit with the first law of black hole thermodynamics. Furthermore, by taking the appropriate limit of the Cardy formula in the parent conformal field theory, we find a Cardy-like formula which reproduces the Wald's entropy of the 3D asymptotically flat black hole.

  20. Exact and Asymptotic Measures of Multipartite Pure State Entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, C H; Rohrlich, D E; Smolin, J A; Thapliyal, A V; Bennett, Charles H.; Popescu, Sandu; Rohrlich, Daniel; Smolin, John A.; Thapliyal, Ashish V.

    1999-01-01

    In an effort to simplify the classification of pure entangled states of multi (m) -partite quantum systems, we study exactly and asymptotically (in n) reversible transformations among n'th tensor powers of such states (ie n copies of the state shared among the same m parties) under local quantum operations and classical communication (LOCC). With regard to exact transformations, we show that two states whose 1-party entropies agree are either locally-unitarily (LU) equivalent or else LOCC-incomparable. Asymptotic transformations result in a simpler classification than exact transformations. We show that m-partite pure states having an m-way Schmidt decomposition are simply parameterizable, with the partial entropy across any nontrivial partition representing the number of standard ``Cat'' states (|0^m>+|1^m>) asymptotically interconvertible to the state in question. For general m-partite states, partial entropies across different partitions need not be equal, and since partial entropies are conserved by asymp...

  1. (渐近)非扩张映象的不动点的迭代逼近%ITERATIVE APPROXIMATION OF FIXED POINTS OF (ASYMPTOTICALLY) NONEXPANSIVE MAPPINGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Let E be a uniformly convex Banach space which satisfies Opial's condition or has a Frechet differentiable norm,and C be a bounded closed convex subset of E. If T∶C→C is (asymptotically)nonexpansive,then the modified Ishikawa iteration process defined byxn+1=tnTnsnTnxn+1-snxn+(1-tn)xn,converges weakly to a fixed point of T,where {tn} and {sn} are sequences in [0,1] with some restrictions.

  2. On a new approach to asymptotic stabilization problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanchikov, A. A.; Kornev, A. A.; Ozeritskii, A. V.

    2009-12-01

    A numerical algorithm for solving the asymptotic stabilization problem by the initial data to a fixed hyperbolic point with a given rate is proposed and justified. The stabilization problem is reduced to projecting the resolving operator of the given evolution process on a strongly stable manifold. This approach makes it possible to apply the results to a wide class of semidynamical systems including those corresponding to partial differential equations. By way of example, a numerical solution of the problem of the asymptotic stabilization of unstable trajectories of the two-dimensional Chafee-Infante equation in a circular domain by the boundary conditions is given.

  3. Selected asymptotic methods with applications to electromagnetics and antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Fikioris, George; Bakas, Odysseas N

    2013-01-01

    This book describes and illustrates the application of several asymptotic methods that have proved useful in the authors' research in electromagnetics and antennas. We first define asymptotic approximations and expansions and explain these concepts in detail. We then develop certain prerequisites from complex analysis such as power series, multivalued functions (including the concepts of branch points and branch cuts), and the all-important gamma function. Of particular importance is the idea of analytic continuation (of functions of a single complex variable); our discussions here include som

  4. Asymptotic control theory for a system of linear oscillators

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorov, Aleksey; Ovseevich, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    We present an asymptotic control theory for a system of an arbitrary number of linear oscillators under a common bounded control. We suggest a design method of a feedback control for this system. By using the DiPerna-Lions theory of singular ODEs, we prove that the suggested control law correctly defines the motion of the system. The obtained control is asymptotically optimal: the ratio of the motion time to zero under this control to the minimum one is close to 1 if the initial energy of the...

  5. Asymptotic Density of Eigenvalue Clusters for the Perturbed Landau Hamiltonian

    CERN Document Server

    Pushnitski, Alexander; Villegas-Blas, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    We consider the Landau Hamiltonian (i.e. the 2D Schroedinger operator with constant magnetic field) perturbed by an electric potential V which decays sufficiently fast at infinity. The spectrum of the perturbed Hamiltonian consists of clusters of eigenvalues which accumulate to the Landau levels. Applying a suitable version of the anti-Wick quantization, we investigate the asymptotic distribution of the eigenvalues within a given cluster as the number of the cluster tends to infinity. We obtain an explicit description of the asymptotic density of the eigenvalues in terms of the Radon transform of the perturbation potential V.

  6. Asymptotic dynamics, large gauge transformations and infrared symmetries

    CERN Document Server

    Gomez, Cesar

    2016-01-01

    Infrared finite S matrices enjoy an infinite family of symmetries, namely decoupling of asymptotic soft modes with arbitrary direction. The infrared structure of the theory manifests itself in the form of vacuum degeneracy and in nontrivial asymptotic dynamics. These two ingredients are unified in the infrared finite S matrix symmetries and can be disentangled as soft and hard components of corresponding charges. When these two components are disentangled, the nontrivial role of large gauge transformations becomes manifest. The soft decoupling symmetry of the physical S matrix leads to relations between the corresponding soft/hard decompositions for the in and out states that can encode crucial nontrivial information about the scattering process.

  7. The Asymptotic Limit for the 3D Boussinesq System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Lin-rui; WANG Ke; HONG Ming-li

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we show the asymptotic limit for the 3D Boussinesq system with zero viscosity limit or zero diffusivity limit. By the classical energy method, we prove that as viscosity(or diffusivity) coefficient goes to zero the solutions of the fully viscous equations converges to those of zero viscosity(or zero diffusivity) equations, which extend the previous results on the asymptotic limit under the conditions of the zero parameter(zero viscosityν=0 or zero diffusivityη=0) in 2D case separately.

  8. EVANS FUNCTIONS AND ASYMPTOTIC STABILITY OF TRAVELING WAVE SOLUTIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper studies the asymptotic stability of traveling wave solutions of nonlinear systems of integral-differential equations. It has been established that linear stability of traveling waves is equivalent to nonlinear stability and some “nice structure” of the spectrum of an associated operator implies the linear stability. By using the method of variation of parameter, the author defines some complex analytic function, called the Evans function. The zeros of the Evans function corresponds to the eigenvalues of the associated linear operator. By calculating the zeros of the Evans function, the asymptotic stability of the travling wave solutions is established.

  9. Scalar and Asymptotic Scalar Derivatives Theory and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Isac, George

    2008-01-01

    This book is devoted to the study of scalar and asymptotic scalar derivatives and their applications to some problems in nonlinear analysis, Riemannian geometry and applied mathematics. The theoretical results are developed in particular with respect to the study of complementarity problems, monotonicity of nonlinear mappings and the non-gradient type monotonicity on Riemannian manifolds. Scalar and Asymptotic Derivatives: Theory and Applications also presents the material in relation to Euclidean spaces, Hilbert spaces, Banach spaces, Riemannian manifolds, and Hadamard manifolds. This book is

  10. Asymptotic distributions for a class of generalized $L$-statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Borovskikh, Yuri V; 10.3150/09-BEJ240

    2010-01-01

    We adapt the techniques in Stigler [Ann. Statist. 1 (1973) 472--477] to obtain a new, general asymptotic result for trimmed $U$-statistics via the generalized $L$-statistic representation introduced by Serfling [Ann. Statist. 12 (1984) 76--86]. Unlike existing results, we do not require continuity of an associated distribution at the truncation points. Our results are quite general and are expressed in terms of the quantile function associated with the distribution of the $U$-statistic summands. This approach leads to improved conditions for the asymptotic normality of these trimmed $U$-statistics.

  11. On the asymptotic distribution of block-modified random matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arizmendi, Octavio, E-mail: octavius@cimat.mx [Department of Probability and Statistics, CIMAT, Guanajuato (Mexico); Nechita, Ion, E-mail: nechita@irsamc.ups-tlse.fr [Zentrum Mathematik, M5, Technische Universität München, Boltzmannstrasse 3, 85748 Garching, Germany and CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, IRSAMC, Université de Toulouse, UPS, F-31062 Toulouse (France); Vargas, Carlos, E-mail: obieta@math.tugraz.at [Department of Mathematical Structure Theory, Technische Universität Graz, Steyrergasse 30/III, 8010 Graz (Austria)

    2016-01-15

    We study random matrices acting on tensor product spaces which have been transformed by a linear block operation. Using operator-valued free probability theory, under some mild assumptions on the linear map acting on the blocks, we compute the asymptotic eigenvalue distribution of the modified matrices in terms of the initial asymptotic distribution. Moreover, using recent results on operator-valued subordination, we present an algorithm that computes, numerically but in full generality, the limiting eigenvalue distribution of the modified matrices. Our analytical results cover many cases of interest in quantum information theory: we unify some known results and we obtain new distributions and various generalizations.

  12. Asymptotic teleportation scheme as a universal programmable quantum processor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishizaka, Satoshi; Hiroshima, Tohya

    2008-12-12

    We consider a scheme of quantum teleportation where a receiver has multiple (N) output ports and obtains the teleported state by merely selecting one of the N ports according to the outcome of the sender's measurement. We demonstrate that such teleportation is possible by showing an explicit protocol where N pairs of maximally entangled qubits are employed. The optimal measurement performed by a sender is the square-root measurement, and a perfect teleportation fidelity is asymptotically achieved for a large N limit. Such asymptotic teleportation can be utilized as a universal programmable processor.

  13. Asymptotic zero distribution of a class of hypergeometric polynomials

    OpenAIRE

    Driver, K.A.; Johnston, S. J.

    2011-01-01

    We prove that the zeros of ${}_2F_1(-n,\\frac{n+1}{2};\\frac{n+3}{2};z)$ asymptotically approach the section of the lemniscate $\\{z: |z(1-z)^2|=4/27; \\textrm{Re}(z)>1/3\\}$ as $n\\rightarrow \\infty$. In recent papers (cf. \\cite{KMF}, \\cite{orive}), Mart\\'inez-Finkelshtein and Kuijlaars and their co-authors have used Riemann-Hilbert methods to derive the asymptotic zero distribution of Jacobi polynomials $P_n^{(\\alpha_n,\\beta_n)}$ when the limits $\\ds A=\\lim_{n\\rightarrow \\infty}\\frac{\\alpha_n}{n}...

  14. Vacuum energy in asymptotically flat 2+1 gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Miskovic, Olivera; Roy, Debraj

    2016-01-01

    We compute the vacuum energy of three-dimensional asymptotically flat space based on a Chern-Simons formulation for the Poincare group. The equivalent action is nothing but the Einstein-Hilbert term in the bulk plus half of the Gibbons-Hawking term at the boundary. The derivation is based on the evaluation of the Noether charges in the vacuum. We obtain that the vacuum energy of this space has the same value as the one of the asymptotically flat limit of three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space.

  15. Vacuum energy in asymptotically flat 2 + 1 gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miskovic, Olivera; Olea, Rodrigo; Roy, Debraj

    2017-04-01

    We compute the vacuum energy of three-dimensional asymptotically flat space based on a Chern-Simons formulation for the Poincaré group. The equivalent action is nothing but the Einstein-Hilbert term in the bulk plus half of the Gibbons-Hawking term at the boundary. The derivation is based on the evaluation of the Noether charges in the vacuum. We obtain that the vacuum energy of this space has the same value as the one of the asymptotically flat limit of three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space.

  16. Asymptotic Bifurcation Solutions for Perturbed Kuramoto-Sivashinsky Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Qiong-Wei; TANG Jia-Shi

    2011-01-01

    Stability and dynamic bifurcation in the perturbed Kuramoto-Sivashinsky (KS) equation with Dirichlet boundary condition are investigated by using central manifold reduction procedure.The result shows, as the bifurcation parameter crosses a critical value, the system undergoes a pitchfork bifurcation to produce two asymptotically stable solutions.Furthermore, when the distance from bifurcation is of comparable order ∈2 (|∈| (≤) 1), the first two terms in e-expansions for the new asymptotic bifurcation solutions are derived by multiscale expansion method.Such information is useful to the bifurcation control.

  17. Asymptotic Marginal Tax Rate of Individual Income Tax in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENYA; LIU; WU; YANG; DAVID; DICKINSON

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the asymptotic marginal rate of individual income tax which maximizes China’s social welfare through numerical simulation based on the elasticity of China’s labor supply, income distribution and the social objectives of redistribution in accordance with the optimal direct taxation theory. Taking advantage of the optimal direct taxation model with consideration of the income effect, it comes to the conclusion that combined with China’s reality, the asymptotic marginal rate of individual labor income tax in China should be between 35% and 40%.

  18. Asymptotic traveling wave solution for a credit rating migration problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Jin; Wu, Yuan; Hu, Bei

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, an asymptotic traveling wave solution of a free boundary model for pricing a corporate bond with credit rating migration risk is studied. This is the first study to associate the asymptotic traveling wave solution to the credit rating migration problem. The pricing problem with credit rating migration risk is modeled by a free boundary problem. The existence, uniqueness and regularity of the solution are obtained. Under some condition, we proved that the solution of our credit rating problem is convergent to a traveling wave solution, which has an explicit form. Furthermore, numerical examples are presented.

  19. Asymptotic Distribution of the Jump Change-Point Estimator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changchun TAN; Huifang NIU; Baiqi MIAO

    2012-01-01

    The asymptotic distribution of the change-point estimator in a jump changepoint model is considered.For the jump change-point model Xi =a + θI{[nTo] < i ≤n} + εi,where εi (i =1,…,n) are independent identically distributed random variables with Eεi=0 and Var(εi) < oo,with the help of the slip window method,the asymptotic distribution of the jump change-point estimator (T) is studied under the condition of the local alternative hypothesis.

  20. On an Asymptotic Behavior of Exponential Functional Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Soon Mo JUNG

    2006-01-01

    The stability problems of the exponential (functional) equation on a restricted domain will be investigated, and the results will be applied to the study of an asymptotic property of that equation. More precisely, the following asymptotic property is proved: Let X be a real (or complex)normed space. A mapping f : X → C is exponential if and only if f(x + y) - f(x)f(y) → 0 as ‖x‖ + ‖y‖→∞ under some suitable conditions.

  1. Counting spanning trees on fractal graphs and their asymptotic complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anema, Jason A.; Tsougkas, Konstantinos

    2016-09-01

    Using the method of spectral decimation and a modified version of Kirchhoff's matrix-tree theorem, a closed form solution to the number of spanning trees on approximating graphs to a fully symmetric self-similar structure on a finitely ramified fractal is given in theorem 3.4. We show how spectral decimation implies the existence of the asymptotic complexity constant and obtain some bounds for it. Examples calculated include the Sierpiński gasket, a non-post critically finite analog of the Sierpiński gasket, the Diamond fractal, and the hexagasket. For each example, the asymptotic complexity constant is found.

  2. Asymptotic analysis of the Ponzano-Regge model for handlebodies

    CERN Document Server

    Dowdall, R; Hellmann, Frank

    2009-01-01

    Using the coherent state techniques developed for the analysis of the EPRL model we give the asymptotic formula for the Ponzano-Regge model amplitude for non-tardis triangulations of handlebodies in the limit of large boundary spins. The formula produces a sum over all possible immersions of the boundary triangulation and its value is given by the cosine of the Regge action evaluated on these. Furthermore the asymptotic scaling registers the existence of flexible immersions. We verify numerically that this formula approximates the 6j-symbol for large spins.

  3. The Asymptotic Limits of Zero Modes of Massless Dirac Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saitō, Yoshimi; Umeda, Tomio

    2008-01-01

    Asymptotic behaviors of zero modes of the massless Dirac operator H = α · D + Q( x) are discussed, where α = (α1, α2, α3) is the triple of 4 × 4 Dirac matrices, D = 1/i nabla_x, and Q( x) = ( q jk ( x)) is a 4 × 4 Hermitian matrix-valued function with | q jk ( x) | ≤ C -ρ, ρ > 1. We shall show that for every zero mode f, the asymptotic limit of | x|2 f ( x) as | x| → + ∞ exists. The limit is expressed in terms of the Dirac matrices and an integral of Q( x) f ( x).

  4. Asymptotic heat transfer model in thin liquid films

    CERN Document Server

    Chhay, Marx; Gisclon, Marguerite; Ruyer-Quil, Christian

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we present a modelling of heat transfer occuring through a liquid film flowing down a vertical wall. This model is formally derived thanks to asymptotic developpment, by considering the physical ratio of typical length scales of the study. A new Nusselt thermal solution is proposed, taking into account the hydrodynamic free surface variations and the contributions of the higher order terms in the asymptotic model are numerically pointed out. The comparisons are provided against the resolution of the full Fourier equations in a steady state frame.

  5. Conformal Phase Diagram of Complete Asymptotically Free Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Pica, Claudio; Sannino, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the ultraviolet and infrared fixed point structure of gauge-Yukawa theories featuring a single gauge coupling, Yukawa coupling and scalar self coupling. Our investigations are performed using the two loop gauge beta function, one loop Yukawa beta function and one loop scalar beta function. We provide the general conditions that the beta function coefficients must abide for the theory to be completely asymptotically free while simultaneously possessing an infrared stable fixed point. We also uncover special trajectories in coupling space along which some couplings are both asymptotically safe and infrared conformal.

  6. Phases of (Asymptotically) Safe Chiral Theories with(out) Scalars

    CERN Document Server

    Molgaard, Esben

    2016-01-01

    We unveil the dynamics of four dimensional chiral gauge-Yukawa theories featuring several scalar degrees of freedom transforming according to distinct representations of the underlying gauge group. We consider generalized Georgi-Glashow and Bars-Yankielowicz theories. We determine, to the maximum known order in perturbation theory, the phase diagram of these theories and further disentangle their ultraviolet asymptotic nature according to whether they are asymptotically free or safe. We therefore extend the number of theories that are known to be fundamental in the Wilsonian sense to the case of chiral gauge theories with scalars.

  7. Precise Asymptotics for Random Matrices and Random Growth Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong Gen SU

    2008-01-01

    The author considers the largest eigenvalues of random matrices from Gaussian unitary ensemble and Laguerre unitary ensemble, and the rightmost charge in certain random growth models.We obtain some precise asymptotics results, which are in a sense similar to the precise asymptotics for sums of independent random variables in the context of the law of large numbers and complete convergence. Our proofs depend heavily upon the upper and lower tail estimates for random matrices and random growth models. The Tracy-Widom distribution plays a central role as well.

  8. Weak turbulence theory for rotating magnetohydrodynamics and planetary dynamos

    CERN Document Server

    Galtier, Sebastien

    2014-01-01

    A weak turbulence theory is derived for magnetohydrodynamics under rapid rotation and in the presence of a large-scale magnetic field. The angular velocity $\\Omega_0$ is assumed to be uniform and parallel to the constant Alfv\\'en speed ${\\bf b_0}$. Such a system exhibits left and right circularly polarized waves which can be obtained by introducing the magneto-inertial length $d \\equiv b_0/\\Omega_0$. In the large-scale limit ($kd \\to 0$; $k$ being the wave number), the left- and right-handed waves tend respectively to the inertial and magnetostrophic waves whereas in the small-scale limit ($kd \\to + \\infty$) pure Alfv\\'en waves are recovered. By using a complex helicity decomposition, the asymptotic weak turbulence equations are derived which describe the long-time behavior of weakly dispersive interacting waves {\\it via} three-wave interaction processes. It is shown that the nonlinear dynamics is mainly anisotropic with a stronger transfer perpendicular ($\\perp$) than parallel ($\\parallel$) to the rotating a...

  9. Precision Metrology Using Weak Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lijian; Datta, Animesh; Walmsley, Ian A.

    2015-05-01

    Weak values and measurements have been proposed as a means to achieve dramatic enhancements in metrology based on the greatly increased range of possible measurement outcomes. Unfortunately, the very large values of measurement outcomes occur with highly suppressed probabilities. This raises three vital questions in weak-measurement-based metrology. Namely, (Q1) Does postselection enhance the measurement precision? (Q2) Does weak measurement offer better precision than strong measurement? (Q3) Is it possible to beat the standard quantum limit or to achieve the Heisenberg limit with weak measurement using only classical resources? We analyze these questions for two prototypical, and generic, measurement protocols and show that while the answers to the first two questions are negative for both protocols, the answer to the last is affirmative for measurements with phase-space interactions, and negative for configuration space interactions. Our results, particularly the ability of weak measurements to perform at par with strong measurements in some cases, are instructive for the design of weak-measurement-based protocols for quantum metrology.

  10. Precision metrology using weak measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lijian; Datta, Animesh; Walmsley, Ian A

    2015-05-29

    Weak values and measurements have been proposed as a means to achieve dramatic enhancements in metrology based on the greatly increased range of possible measurement outcomes. Unfortunately, the very large values of measurement outcomes occur with highly suppressed probabilities. This raises three vital questions in weak-measurement-based metrology. Namely, (Q1) Does postselection enhance the measurement precision? (Q2) Does weak measurement offer better precision than strong measurement? (Q3) Is it possible to beat the standard quantum limit or to achieve the Heisenberg limit with weak measurement using only classical resources? We analyze these questions for two prototypical, and generic, measurement protocols and show that while the answers to the first two questions are negative for both protocols, the answer to the last is affirmative for measurements with phase-space interactions, and negative for configuration space interactions. Our results, particularly the ability of weak measurements to perform at par with strong measurements in some cases, are instructive for the design of weak-measurement-based protocols for quantum metrology.

  11. Acute muscular weakness in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Pablo Javier Erazo Torricelli

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Acute muscle weakness in children is a pediatric emergency. During the diagnostic approach, it is crucial to obtain a detailed case history, including: onset of weakness, history of associated febrile states, ingestion of toxic substances/toxins, immunizations, and family history. Neurological examination must be meticulous as well. In this review, we describe the most common diseases related to acute muscle weakness, grouped into the site of origin (from the upper motor neuron to the motor unit. Early detection of hyperCKemia may lead to a myositis diagnosis, and hypokalemia points to the diagnosis of periodic paralysis. Ophthalmoparesis, ptosis and bulbar signs are suggestive of myasthenia gravis or botulism. Distal weakness and hyporeflexia are clinical features of Guillain-Barré syndrome, the most frequent cause of acute muscle weakness. If all studies are normal, a psychogenic cause should be considered. Finding the etiology of acute muscle weakness is essential to execute treatment in a timely manner, improving the prognosis of affected children.

  12. Myotonic Disorders and Channelopathies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Colin; Salajegheh, Mohammad Kian

    2015-08-01

    Myotonic dystrophies and channelopathies are rare but important causes of muscle diseases which may present with myotonia, episodic attacks of weakness, fixed muscle weakness, and atrophy or their combination. Here, the authors provide an overview of these disorders and describe their clinical and pathophysiological features, diagnostic methods, and management. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  13. Theory of weakly nonlinear self-sustained detonations

    KAUST Repository

    Faria, Luiz M.

    2015-11-03

    We propose a theory of weakly nonlinear multidimensional self-sustained detonations based on asymptotic analysis of the reactive compressible Navier-Stokes equations. We show that these equations can be reduced to a model consisting of a forced unsteady small-disturbance transonic equation and a rate equation for the heat release. In one spatial dimension, the model simplifies to a forced Burgers equation. Through analysis, numerical calculations and comparison with the reactive Euler equations, the model is demonstrated to capture such essential dynamical characteristics of detonations as the steady-state structure, the linear stability spectrum, the period-doubling sequence of bifurcations and chaos in one-dimensional detonations and cellular structures in multidimensional detonations.

  14. Gravitational force in weakly correlated particle spatial distributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrielli, Andrea; Masucci, Adolfo Paolo; Labini, Francesco Sylos

    2004-03-01

    We study the statistics of the gravitational (Newtonian) force in a particular class of weakly correlated spatial distributions of pointlike and unitary mass particles generated by the so-called Gauss-Poisson point processes. In particular we extend to these distributions the analysis that Chandrasekhar introduced for purely Poisson processes. In this way we can find the explicit asymptotic behavior of the probability density function of the force for both large and small values of the field as a generalization of the Holtzmark statistics. In particular, we show how the modifications at large fields depend on the density correlations introduced at small scales. The validity of the introduced approximations is positively tested through a direct comparison with the analysis of the statistics of the gravitational force in numerical simulations of Gauss-Poisson processes.

  15. Evolution of weak shock waves in non-ideal magnetogasdynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nath, Triloki; Gupta, R. K.; Singh, L. P.

    2017-04-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the main features of weakly non-linear waves propagating in a compressible, inviscid, non-ideal gas with infinite electrical conductivity modelled by van der Waals equation of state permeated by transverse magnetic field. An asymptotic approach is used to derive the evolution equation, which characterizes the wave phenomena in a high frequency domain. The growth equation of an acceleration wave is derived as a special case. Further, we also discuss the propagation of disturbances in the form of sawtooth profile. The effect of magnetic field and van der Waals parameter on the decay of sawtooth profile is presented. A remarkable difference between planar and nonplanar flows in magnetic case and nonmagnetic case has been drawn. Also the variation in velocity profile between planar and nonplanar flows has been discussed.

  16. Asymptotic stability of solutions to elastic systems with structural damping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxia Fan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we study the asymptotic stability of solutions for the initial value problems of second order evolution equations in Banach spaces, which can model elastic systems with structural damping. The discussion is based on exponentially stable semigroups theory. Applications to the vibration equation of elastic beams with structural damping are also considered.

  17. Asymptotic Distribution of Coefficients of Skewness and Kurtosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narges Abbasi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In literature, a classic method which has been used to recognize the distribution so far is the measurement of its skewedness and kurtosis. However, there remains a question: how would these measurements work for skewed normal distribution when the size of the sample is large? Approach: This research aimed to determine the asymptotic distribution of skewedness and kurtosis measures in skewed normal distribution. In conducting this research, two groups of inferential findings will help. First, skewed normal distribution which has already been studied by a lot of researchers and we apply its characteristics. Second, there is the U-statistics theory which guides us to the determining of asymptotic distribution measures for skewedness and kurtosis. The combination of these two will solve the problem of this study. Results: Asymptotic distribution of measures for skewdness and kurtosis falls in the normal families. With the size of large samples, the values of expectation of these measures are also determined. By letting zero for skewedness parameter, asymptotic distribution for normal distribution can also be obtained. Conclusion: The findings of this study show new characteristics for skew normal distribution and this results in a new way for skew normal distribution recognition.

  18. Hitchin Equation, Irregular Singularity, and $N=2$ Asymptotical Free Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Nanopoulos, Dimitri

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study irregular singular solution to Hitchin's equation and use it to describe four dimensional $N=2$ asymptotically free gauge theories. For $SU(2)$ $A$ type quiver, two kinds of irregular singularities besides one regular singularity are needed for the solution of Hitchin's equation; We then classify irregular singularities needed for the general $SU(N)$ $A$ type quiver.

  19. Geometry of exponential family nonlinear models and some asymptotic inference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦博成

    1995-01-01

    A differential geometric framework in Euclidean space for exponential family nonlinear models is presented. Based on this framework, some asymptotic inference related to statistical curvatures and Fisher information are studied. This geometric framework can also be extended to more genera) dass of models and used to study some other problems.

  20. Strong asymptotics for Lp extremal polynomials off a complex curve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabah Khaldi

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the asymptotic behavior of Lp(σ extremal polynomials with respect to a measure of the form σ=α+γ, where α is a measure concentrated on a rectifiable Jordan curve in the complex plane and γ is a discrete measure concentrated on an infinite number of mass points.