WorldWideScience

Sample records for waterfronts

  1. KONSEP WATERFRONT PADA PERMUKIMAN ETNIS KALI SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajeng Sarinastiti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Kali Semarang sebagai sungai bersejarah di Semarang, dahulu memiliki fungsi transportasi yang membelah perekonomian dan pertahanan kota. Bermacam etnis pedagang tinggal di sekitarnya hingga daerah tersebut menjadi permukiman etnis. Contohnya Kampung Melayu, etnis Tionghoa pada Kampung Pecinan, etnis Arab pada Kampung Kauman, serta Kampung Sekayu. Dan juga Kawasan Kota Lama sebagai daerah bersejarah dalam masa pemerintahan Kota Semarang. Kali Semarang memberi pengaruh fungsi waterfront pada permukiman tersebut.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konsep waterfront pada permukiman etnis Kali Semarang, yaitu Kampung Melayu, Kawasan Kota Lama, Kampung Pecinan, Kampung Kauman, dan Kampung Melayu. Diperlukan eksplorasi dan deskripsi keadaan yang mendalam untuk mengidentifikasikan informasi baru pada lokasi penelitian dengan konsep atau teori yang menjelaskan fenomena yang akan terjadi. Metode kualitatif rasionalistik digunakan dengan landasan teori mengenai waterfront dan permukiman etnis disertai dengan pengumpulan data melalui studi literatur dari berbagai sumber, observasi lapangan langsung, dan pertanyaan mendalam kepada key person. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hanya Kampung Melayu dan Kawasan Kota Lama yang pada awal mulanya menggunakan konsep waterfront karena lokasinya merupakan kawasan pelabuhan, pergudangan, dan perdagangan. Kampung Pecinan sebagai kawasan perdagangan, serta Kampung Kauman dan Kampung Sekayu sebagai permukiman tidak menggunakan konsep waterfront.[Title: Waterfront Concept on Ethnic Settlement in Kali Semarang] Kali Semarang, as a historical river in Semarang, has function as transportation to support the economy and city. Many ethnic traders settled around, so that area becomes ethnic settlement, such as Kampung Melayu, Chinese ethnic in Kampung Pecinan, Arabian ethnic in Kampung Kauman, and Kampung Sekayu, and Kota Lama areas as historical area in Semarang’s government era. The Kali Semarang giving influence

  2. A Sustainability Assessment Framework For Waterfront Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally Said Eldeeb

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available It is predicted that the global phenomena of Climate change will have far reaching effects and implications on different local urban systems. For incidence, global average sea levels are expected to rise between 7 and 36 cm by the 2050s, and between 9 and 69 cm by the 2080s. Waterfront communities are the first to be affected by such impacts putting them at high risk. Planning tools are needed to assist these communities and increase their adaptive and learning capacities in the face of diverse challenges to their urban sub-systems.  The research investigates a number of sustainability frameworks and assessment rating systems for neighbourhoods and communities. It investigates the sustainable evaluation criteria carried out by three assessment rating systems. First is the LEED (Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design, USA, the second is BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, UK, and the third is the Estidama PEARL rating system (UAE.Examples of waterfront communities which applied the previous rating systemsare analyzed in order to determine the applicability and relevance of these systems to waterfront communities in particular.  The research concludes with a proposed framework of indicators for waterfront communities. The similarities and differences between the different rating systems and featured indicators specific to waterfront planning applied in the analyzed examples, yet absent in the three rating systems, have informed the selection of indicators in the proposed assessment framework. The proposed framework could be an effective tool for the planning and development of a waterfront community in the MENA region. In order to validate the framework, theset of environmental and physical indicators were applied on the case study of Abu Qir waterfront, Alexandria, Egypt. Conclusions and recommendations  are made that would enhance the resilience of this waterfront community and provide a comprehensive

  3. The roles of planning in waterfront redevelopment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galland, Daniel; Hansen, C.J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper delves into the different styles and roles that planning adopts in contemporary waterfront redevelopment. Traditionally, waterfront redevelopment practices have consisted of an array of plan-led and market-driven planning styles upon which the derelict areas of post-industrial cities...... have been transformed. Typical examples from North America and Europe generally tend to focus on the successes that these processes have generated in connection with large-scale and emblematic projects. However, less attention has been devoted to the efforts of a more recent generation of cities...... in allowing these cities achieve their redevelopment aims. In adding to this emerging generation, the paper examines the nature of waterfront redevelopment processes in Aalborg, Denmark, wherein hybrid planning styles characterised by situation-dependent and relational planning processes have increasingly...

  4. The roles of planning in waterfront redevelopment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galland, Daniel; Hansen, C.J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper delves into the different styles and roles that planning adopts in contemporary waterfront redevelopment. Traditionally, waterfront redevelopment practices have consisted of an array of plan-led and market-driven planning styles upon which the derelict areas of post-industrial cities...... have been transformed. Typical examples from North America and Europe generally tend to focus on the successes that these processes have generated in connection with large-scale and emblematic projects. However, less attention has been devoted to the efforts of a more recent generation of cities...... in allowing these cities achieve their redevelopment aims. In adding to this emerging generation, the paper examines the nature of waterfront redevelopment processes in Aalborg, Denmark, wherein hybrid planning styles characterised by situation-dependent and relational planning processes have increasingly...

  5. Waterfront redevelopment processes in Aalborg, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galland, Daniel

    Waterfront redevelopment processes have been an important topic of research in the planning domain during the past decades. This has been particularly evident in the case of projects associated with large metropolitan areas such as London, To-ronto, Boston or Barcelona. However, planning research......, the paper takes on such planning processes through an in-depth analysis of different waterfront redevelopment sites. The pa-per attempts to elaborate an understanding of planning not only as a means to control development but also as a market-driven practice. In doing so, it provides descriptive...... and analytical accounts of a mixture of different plan-led and market-driven planning logics that emerge behind waterfront redevelopment practices in a Danish context....

  6. Waterfront redevelopment processes in Aalborg, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galland, Daniel

    , the paper takes on such planning processes through an in-depth analysis of different waterfront redevelopment sites. The pa-per attempts to elaborate an understanding of planning not only as a means to control development but also as a market-driven practice. In doing so, it provides descriptive......Waterfront redevelopment processes have been an important topic of research in the planning domain during the past decades. This has been particularly evident in the case of projects associated with large metropolitan areas such as London, To-ronto, Boston or Barcelona. However, planning research...... and analytical accounts of a mixture of different plan-led and market-driven planning logics that emerge behind waterfront redevelopment practices in a Danish context....

  7. Hirarki Wilayah Kota Ternate Pasca Pengembangan Kawasan Waterfront City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdawaty Marasabessy

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ternate waterfront city development 2006-2015 initiative was triggered by the limitation of land use due to high population increase, geographical, and topographical constraints of the region, the threat of catastrophic volcanic eruption as well as national and provincial development strategy. The purpose of this study was to analyse the urban service hierarchy inside the city. The methodology used in this research was scalogram analysis with infrastructure variable. The regional hierarchy analysis after the development of waterfront city (2005-2011 showed that there were aspect of the development of infrastructure and accessibility, where coastal village was more development than non coastal village has waterfront city area.

  8. Revitalizing urban waterfronts: identifying indicators for human well-being

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jungho Nam

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Waterfront cities worldwide have begun the process of regenerating and developing their formerly industrial waterfronts into land uses that reflect a post-industrial economic vision of mixed urban uses supporting a diverse economy and wide range of infrastructure. These revitalization projects require distinct planning and management tactics to determine project-defined successes inclusive of economic, ecological, and human well-being perspectives. While empirically developed templates for economic and ecological measures exist, the multi-dimensionality and subjective nature of human well-being is more difficult to assess. Through an extensive review of indicator frameworks and expert interviews, our research proposes an organizational, yet adaptable, human well-being indicators framework for the management and development of urban waterfront revitalization projects. We analyze the framework through the lens of two waterfront projects in the Puget Sound region of the United States and identify several key factors necessary to developing project-specific human well-being indicator frameworks for urban waterfront revitalization projects. These factors include: initially specify goals and objectives of a given project, acknowledge contextual conditions including prospective land uses and projected users, identify the stage of development or management to use appropriate indicators for that stage, and develop and utilize data sources that are at a similar scale to the size of the project.

  9. SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF WATERFRONT CITIES: COMPARISSON BETWEEN KENDARI AND MANADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Trisutomo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available As an archipelagic country, many cities in Indonesia exist and grow at the waterfronts. This research aims to explore comparatively the spatial structure of two waterfront cities: Kendari represents a bay-front with U-form coast line, and Manado as a sea-front with straight line coast line. The spatial structures are represented by spatial pattern, land use pattern, population density, road network, BCR and urban hierarchy. Data were collected through field survey, reading government documents and doing in-depth interview of some key informants. Descriptive and comparative analyses - both similarities and differences - on spatial structures were focused on the relationships between spatial structures with the existence of the waterfronts. The findings show that at the early period of growth, spatial structures of both cities were formed by the existence of the waterfront similarly. Influenced by physical development such as commercial facilities and housing settlements, the spatial structure recently spreads out to the mainland area created some new sub-centers. Understanding the character of spatial structures will be significant for directing and controlling the urban land use to create a sustainable waterfront city.

  10. Adaptive Planning for Resilient Coastal Waterfronts

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    Peter Christiaan van Veelen

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Many delta and coastal cities worldwide face increasing flood risk due to changing climate conditions and sea level rise. The question is how to develop measures and strategies for existing urban coastal areas that can anticipate these slowly changing conditions, such as gradually increasing sea levels and extreme river discharges.There is growing recognition that the increasing vulnerability of urbanised delta and coastal cities is strongly related to urbanisation, changing socio-economic conditions and human-induced land subsidence. Consequently, in response to climate change, it is likely to be most effective to adapt existing urban environments and urban assets, and promote flood sensitive behaviour in combination with prevention based approaches, aiming to improve the whole capacity of the urban system to deal with changing and more extreme conditions in the future. This approach is known as the resilience approach. Although there is much focus on resilience in research and practice, it still lacks knowledge on the effectiveness of measures, and increasing coastal flood resilience is mostly understood in terms of risk reduction and not yet as an opportunity for change and creating liveability. In addition, it lacks knowledge on processes of urban development, management and change at the neighbourhood level as an important condition for creating coastal flood risk resilience and to create added value. The main research question of this thesis is therefore twofold: “how can we adapt existing coastal urban waterfront areas to changing climatic circumstances and how can we take this adaptation process as an opportunity for creating added value?”When adapting urban environments three challenges can be identified. First of all, it is necessary to understand under what conditions coastal urban systems become less resilient and adaptation is needed, and what (combinations of measures are most effective to improve resilience. Secondly, key to

  11. 33 CFR 6.14-2 - Condition of waterfront facility a danger to vessel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Condition of waterfront facility a danger to vessel. 6.14-2 Section 6.14-2 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... of Waterfront Facilities and Vessels in Port § 6.14-2 Condition of waterfront facility a danger...

  12. Port Cities and Urban Waterfront: Transformations and Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oriana Giovinazzi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In the wide and complex panorama of urban transformation, waterfront revitalisation is one of the most interesting phenomena of urban renewal of the last decades, bringing ‘cities on water’ around the world to a new leadership. After years of oblivion, the presence of the natural element –water– have shown to be of great appeal as an attractive pole for the quality of every day’s life. In particular, the visual contact with water together with pedestrian paths along the waterfronts and the implementation of waterborne transports, where possible, are giving an added value to these areas, becoming even more interesting in terms of Real Estate. Now spread out and developed at a global dimensions, involving both, big cities but also medium and smallscale cities at all latitudes and in all continents, waterfront regeneration is in many cases the starting point for the regeneration of the city itself and of its relocation in the international context. Under this point of view, marine, port and fluvial cities can be considered laboratories for the process of urban renewal in terms of residential, transports, public spaces and quality of the environment, in view of both, the broad range of cases and the quality of the results. In light of its 20-year long activity in terms of monitoring and studying best practices in the field of waterfront revitalisation, the Centre Cities on Water carried-out an international overview, developing a comparative analysis of the key element for the success of these operation. To this regards, a selection of case-studies has been identified at international level, according to the main ‘ingredients’ for a sustainable cohabitation between ports and cities and for a lasting success in waterfront regeneration processes. Water quality, public and free access and to water, public spaces, gradual and flexible development and shared participation in the entire process as well as a mix of functions and uses and the

  13. Harbourscape Aalborg - Design Based Methods in Waterfront Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    How can city planners and developers gain knowledge and develop new sustainable concepts for water front developments? The waterfront is far too often threatened by new privatisation, lack of public access and bad architecture. And in a time where low growth rates and crises in the building indus...... in the regeneration of the harbour area, and a combination of methods and approaches used in order to achieve quality design and ownership from citizens as well as commitment from professionals....... industry is leaving great parts of the harbour as urban voids planners are in search of new tools for bridging the time gap until new projects can be a reality. This chapter presents the development of waterfront regeneration concepts that resulted from design based workshops, Harbourscape Aalborg in 2005...

  14. FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WATERFRONT PROJECTS IN PENANG ISLAND

    OpenAIRE

    WOO SUK WAH; ABDELNASER OMRAN

    2012-01-01

    The construction of waterfront projects in Penang Island is a new approach in bringing Penang Island to the next level of development. Projects involving reclamation of land by the edge of the river or the sea, through infrastructure or building projects, have progressed by leaps and bounds over the past few years. This paper aims to identify the factors contributing to the implementation of waterfront projects in Penang Island. Generally, implementation of the waterfront projects is led by f...

  15. 75 FR 29420 - Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... No. USCG-2007-27022] RIN 1625-AB13 Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements... requirements for waterfront facilities handling liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied hazardous gas (LHG... harmonize the Coast Guard's regulations for LNG with those established by the Federal Energy...

  16. 75 FR 54025 - Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-03

    ...-27022] RIN 1625-AB13 Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements AGENCY: Coast...) requirements for liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied hazardous gas (LHG) facilities. The amendment... entitled ``Revision of LNG and LHG Waterfront Facility General Requirements'' (75 FR 29420) amending...

  17. Riia võõrustas Waterfront Expot : 27.-29. september 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Waterfront Expo ühendab endas konverentsi ja näitust ning on kokkupuutepunkt erialaspetsialistidele, kes on seotud kaldapiirkondade projekteerimise, ehituse ja juhtimisega. Kolmanda iga-aastase Waterfront Expo konverentsist Riias, kolm situatsioonianalüüsi näidet

  18. Città portuali e waterfront urbani: trasformazioni e opportunità Cities and Urban Waterfront: Transformations and Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Moretti

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Nell’ambito del complesso e articolato quadro delle trasformazioni urbane, le città d’acqua – in molti casi, città portuali – hanno occupato, in questi ultimi decenni, un ruolo di assoluto protagonismo, dimostrando quanto la presenza dell’elemento acqua sia appetibile e funga da polo di attrazione per la qualità della vita di tutti i giorni. Il fenomeno della riqualificazione dei waterfront – ormai esteso ad una dimensione globale e che vede coinvolte le grandi città come quelle di medie e piccole dimensione in tutti i continenti – è in molti casi il vero punto di partenza e motore trainante dello sviluppo di intere porzioni di città – se non delle città stesse – riposizionandole in modo innovativo nel contesto internazionale. Il Centro Città d’Acqua di Venezia, alla luce dei suoi vent’anni di attività di monitoraggio e ricerca di ‘buone pratiche’ in questo ambito, intende porre l’accento sul tema della riqualificazione del waterfront, con particolare attenzione ad un’ottica internazionale, sviluppando al contempo un’analisi che tenga conto degli elementi di successo ma anche di alcuni punti di criticità di questo fenomeno. I casi-studio selezionati dimostrano, ciascuno con la propria specificità, come una convivenza sostenibile tra porto e città, sintetizzata nei 10 Principi per lo sviluppo sostenibile delle aree di waterfront urbano (Città d’Acqua, 2000, sia il cardine di una trasformazione allargata e condivisa da cui possano scaturire ricadute positive a scala urbana e territoriale.In the wide and complex panorama of urban transformation, waterfront revitalization is one of the most interesting phenomena of urban renewal of the last decades, bringing ‘cities on water’ around the world to a new leadership. After years of oblivion, the presence of the natural element –water – have shown to be of great appeal as an attractive pole for the quality of every day’s life. In particular, the

  19. The Victoria and Alfred Waterfront as playground for Capetonians

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    Sanette Ferreira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper contributes to the exploration and understanding of the social geographies of public space in the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront (V&AW in Cape Town. The aim is to understand Capetonians’ (visitors and employees perceptions of the V&AW as public, leisure, shopping and working spaces. The appropriate literature on waterfront developments in providing public, working and leisure space is reviewed. Two questionnaire surveys (visitors and employees as well as eight unstructured interviews with important role players in the tourism industry of Cape Town were conducted. Findings revealed the most important reasons for Capetonians to visit or use certain spaces in the V&AW, the public open spaces they liked and how they perceived the V&AW as an inclusive space. The research also sought the respondents’ views on how the certain public spaces can be improved; what new activities and retail shops can be introduced; their opinions about the affordability of restaurants and parking; and how the V&AW can improve to cater for the needs of the Waterfront’s employees. Recommendations are made for making the V&AW more functional and accessible to Capetonians.

  20. Rio de Janeiro's Waterfront: Urbanism and social representation of reality

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    Nara Iwata

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Post-modernity and economic globalization is inciting the competition among countries, regions and cities, in search of investments, consumers and resources. To pursue a new position in this global market, cities use new urban practices to re-discover and re-invent their identities and traditions, taken as attributes to attract consumers. In the city of Rio de Janeiro, the mythical dimension of the South Zone is inseparable and incorporated to its identity. In evaluating the history of Rio de Janeiro’s seaside, the social construction of its imagery and the projects that redesigned its urban signs, we can identify an intermittence of urban interventions, marked by the lack of a continuous management of the waterfront. We verify that, even though tourist marketing appraises the seaside as the main image of the city, it does not receive proportional attention from urban interventions, may be in account of not being understood as a social construction. We conclude that the importance of caring for the seaside must not be understood only as an esthetical question, but also as the valorization of Rio de Janeiro’s image, its inhabitants’ self-esteem and citizenship itself.

  1. Il progetto Waterfront: la riqualificazione del porto di Napoli

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    Robert Leonardi

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Nell'ultimo decennio Napoli ha riacquisito piena coscienza del valore della risorsa mare e le sue istituzioni ai vari livelli comunale, regionale, provinciale e dell'Autorità Portuale si sono attivate in un processo coordinato di interventi che, utilizzando gli strumenti urbanistici a tutela dell'integrità degli interventi stessi e con la partecipazione di progettisti di fama e di investitori privati, si propone di riagganciare la città al mare e di trovare nuove opportunità di crescita economica e di riscatto sociale. L’articolo descrive l’insieme di interventi che si stanno portando avanti per l’area portuale di Napoli, con particolare riferimento al progetto Waterfront, alla costituzione della società Nausicaa e al concorso internazionale per il porto di Napoli. Si specificano quindi gli attori del processo decisionale, le fasi, i contenuti delle scelte e si propone un’analisi delle ricadute d'impatto sulla città che gli interventi avranno a regime: rinnovamento civile, crescita funzionale, ricomposizione spaziale, leadership e capacità programmatica.

  2. Artificial Intelligence Design Waterfronts and Particular Places Management to Improve Relationships between People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shekufe Mottaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourist attraction was used to achieve a stable waterfront, while the fuzzy-logic added intelligence to the select strategy through an automatic selection of the tourist attraction coefficient. This paper examines the relationship between heritage sites, waterfronts, and relationships between people in present-day in urban culture. Urban waterfronts are important and special assets and that, when redeveloped, they often contribute to healthy traditional communities. Waterfronts can serve as a unifying force in a city or town and can be, and often are, a force for community enrichment. Further, vibrant communities are essential for environmental, economic and social advancement. There are several strategy specific principles as a way to improve of usage from particular places and waterfront city. Select and design the best strategy play important role to tourist attraction. Fuzzy logic inference system is used to select the best methodology and based on this research and fuzzy logic method, striped methodology is used to have a best performance.

  3. Flood-resilient waterfront development in New York City: bridging flood insurance, building codes, and flood zoning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aerts, J.C.J.H.; Botzen, W.J.W.

    2011-01-01

    Waterfronts are attractive areas for many—often competing—uses in New York City (NYC) and are seen as multifunctional locations for economic, environmental, and social activities on the interface between land and water. The NYC waterfront plays a crucial role as a first line of flood defense and in

  4. 77 FR 70886 - Reconsideration of Letters of Recommendation for Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    ... Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final... Captain of the Port regarding the suitability of a waterway for liquefied natural gas (LNG) or liquefied... Commission FR Federal Register LHG Liquefied hazardous gas LNG Liquefied natural gas LOI Letter of Intent...

  5. 76 FR 78188 - Reconsideration of Letters of Recommendation for Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ... Waterfront Facilities Handling LNG and LHG AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking... natural gas (LNG) or liquefied hazardous gas (LHG) marine traffic. It also proposes a separate process for... the Port DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register LHG Liquefied hazardous gas...

  6. 33 CFR 126.15 - What conditions must a designated waterfront facility meet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What conditions must a designated waterfront facility meet? 126.15 Section 126.15 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... safe storage; and kept clean and free of scrap materials, empty containers, soiled wiping rags,...

  7. The Evolution of the Coastal Economy: The Role of Working Waterfronts in the Alabama Gulf Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaoqi Zhang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the evolution of the coastal economy in Alabama and examines the driving forces of the sustainable economy in a historical context. The input-output model was applied to assess the direct and secondary effects of output and employment in the coastal region. Results suggest that state industries are heavily dependent on waterfront-related activities in this area, which have fueled much of their rapid development in the past few decades. Tourism, ship building and repairing and transportation are the three dominating sources contributing to the coastal economy. There are a few general problems of working waterfronts in the coastal Alabama area, but there are also some unique problems (e.g., Hurricane Katrina, Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Policies for future sustainable development are proposed.

  8. LIVERPOOL @ SHANGHAI, The waterfront as a brandscape in Liverpool Waters case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Attademo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Liverpool was an important maritime since the 18th century. In the 20th century this economic model declined and the waterfront started shrinking, eroding the core centre of the city. Since then Liverpool administration started stimulating new investments: the symbolic marine backgrounds, central places for the city of production, were turned into city of consumption benchmarks. Transforming into a brandscape the old waterscape perspective, Liverpool creates a twin-city relationship with Shanghai (China, trying to attract new investors from China to accelerate the regeneration. With the "One city, Nine towns" plan (2001, Shanghai provided itself of a branding strategy and of an efficacious urban planning perspective all at one time, using well-known European styles to realize its expansion areas along the waterfront.Working on this model, Liverpool Waters proposal re-designs the waterfront skyline in a Shanghai style, with disproportionate towers, refusing the city waterscape heritage, listed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The main landmark of the area, a skyscraper called Shanghai Tower, is not an attempt to embody Shanghai culture or urban environment, but rather to line up to its lifestyle and social-economic conditions, to put the city onto the global market with a positive etiquette.The overall proposal establishes a generic relation with water, neglecting Liverpool marine heritage, moving the attention from the old waterscape (with its core in the historic Pier Head to a new town brandscape. The entire city dematerializes itself on the back of the proposed new picture.The paper tries to evaluate the parallelism in this approach to branding strategies and related regeneration actions, according also to an analytical verification through a project: the proposal for a new tower in Shanghai waterfront to create a balance between the proposition of a successful, vibrant brandscape and the respect of geographical and historical factors.

  9. Application of ground-penetrating radar technique to evaluate the waterfront location in hardened concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Abad, Isabel; Klysz, Gilles; Martínez-Sala, Rosa; Balayssac, Jean Paul; Mené-Aparicio, Jesús

    2016-12-01

    The long-term performance of concrete structures is directly tied to two factors: concrete durability and strength. When assessing the durability of concrete structures, the study of the water penetration is paramount, because almost all reactions like corrosion, alkali-silica, sulfate, etc., which produce their deterioration, require the presence of water. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) has shown to be very sensitive to water variations. On this basis, the objective of this experimental study is, firstly, to analyze the correlation between the water penetration depth in concrete samples and the GPR wave parameters. To do this, the samples were immersed into water for different time intervals and the wave parameters were obtained from signals registered when the antenna was placed on the immersed surface of the samples. Secondly, a procedure has been developed to be able to determine, from those signals, the reliability in the detection and location of waterfront depths. The results have revealed that GPR may have an enormous potential in this field, because excellent agreements were found between the correlated variables. In addition, when comparing the waterfront depths calculated from GPR measurements and those visually registered after breaking the samples, we observed that they totally agreed when the waterfront was more than 4 cm depth.

  10. Flood-resilient waterfront development in New York City: bridging flood insurance, building codes, and flood zoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aerts, Jeroen C J H; Botzen, W J Wouter

    2011-06-01

    Waterfronts are attractive areas for many-often competing-uses in New York City (NYC) and are seen as multifunctional locations for economic, environmental, and social activities on the interface between land and water. The NYC waterfront plays a crucial role as a first line of flood defense and in managing flood risk and protecting the city from future climate change and sea-level rise. The city of New York has embarked on a climate adaptation program (PlaNYC) outlining the policies needed to anticipate the impacts of climate change. As part of this policy, the Department of City Planning has recently prepared Vision 2020: New York City Comprehensive Waterfront Plan for the over 500 miles of NYC waterfront (NYC-DCP, 2011). An integral part of the vision is to improve resilience to climate change and sea-level rise. This study seeks to provide guidance for advancing the goals of NYC Vision 2020 by assessing how flood insurance, flood zoning, and building code policies can contribute to waterfront development that is more resilient to climate change.

  11. Urban Waterfronts as a Deserted Heritage. Gubin-Guben Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oskar Amiri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the process of changing the shape of urban waterfronts by the Lusatian Neisse River in Gubin and Guben, comparing the post-war urban solutions with the pre-war ones. Among others, the elements of urban composition, first introduced by K. Wejchert and K. Lynch, have been applied in the analysis. What has been discovered is that visual openings, compositional dominants, possible connections and other urban bonds were ruined, which resulted in spatial fragmentation. The urban factors are presented taking into account the holistic background of the complex social and political situation of the divided city.

  12. Suburban waterfront with ecological and recreational function: planning based on network analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Fumagalli

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Urban fringe areas have multiple land uses and are places where sections of waterway, together with fragmented areas of natural vegetation, are often found passing through urban areas, transportation routes and gradually expanding rural areas. These overlapping functions are often the cause of an extremely disorderly landscape devoid of guiding connotative elements. In this context, the waterfront can be a guiding element for the redevelopment of the fringe areas between cities and the countryside. The purpose of this paper is the definition of a methodology for planning a suburban waterfront with an ecological function and bicycle paths for recreational use. The evaluation phases for resources and planning, conducted with tools for network analysis, have identified potential corridors based on current land uses and have addressed the issue of bicycle paths on an inter-municipal scale. The methodology is proposed for regional level planning and the validation of the method was achieved through its application to the stretch of the Lambro River between Monza Park and the city of Milan in the North of Italy.

  13. Assessment of waterfront location in hardened concrete by GPR within COST Action TU1208

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Abad, Isabel; Klysz, Gilles; Balayssac, Jean Paul; Pajewski, Lara

    2016-04-01

    This work focuses on the analysis of the capability of Ground-Penetrating radar (GPR) technique for evaluating how the water penetrates into concrete samples by means of the assessment of the waterfront advance. Research activities have been carried out during a Short-Term Scientific Missions (STSMs) funded by the COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 "Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar" in November 2015. The evaluation of water penetrability is crucial in most building materials, such us concrete, since, water and aggressive chemical agents dissolved therein contribute to the deterioration of the material. A number of techniques have been developed to measure their advance in concrete. Although the most common method for measuring water content is the gravimetric method by observing the change in mass, this method has a large number of disadvantages. In this context, non-destructive techniques as GPR play an interesting role. In particular, the application of GPR in the building materials area is providing very promising and interesting results regarding the building materials characterization and especially concrete deterioration evaluation [1-3]. In addition, recent experimental studies highlight the strong relation between wave propagation parameters (velocity and energy level) and water content advance [4-5]. Water content has a decisive influence on dielectric properties and those might be assessed by the study of the wave properties that are derived by using GPR. Therefore, the waterfront advance will result in a change on wave parameters. In line with this, this research is focused on the development of specific processing algorithms necessary to understand how the water penetrates and how the wave parameters will be affected regarding the location of the antenna in reference to the water absorption direction. For this purpose, concrete samples were manufactured, which after curing (90 days) and oven

  14. Synergetic Temporary Use for the Enhancement of Historic Centers: The Pilot Project for the Naples Waterfront

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    Alessandro Sgobbo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper reports the results of a phase of the research Project “Urban Eco-efficiency,” developed by the Architecture Department at the University of Naples Federico II, in collaboration with the regional section of the CeNSU. The thesis is the efficiency of incremental processes through temporary installations and uses in order to insert in historic centers innovative architectures and functions that are aimed at eco-efficient transformations. The experimentation conducted through the program for the enhancement of the historic Naples waterfront, in which the research group participated, allowed us to verify the thesis, in areas where the temporary dimension and bottom-up processes that typically characterize it are adequately coordinated in a unitary plan, with a sensitive de-escalation of the infighting, both institutional and between stakeholders.

  15. A Design competition as regeneration opportunity: the Fregene’s waterfront

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    Enrica Gialanella

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to present a reflection on  the ability which has a local government to be able to regenerate a part of the city through a design competition. To do this we take as a case study of Fregene (formerly elected as a case study during a research on the development of new urban coastal centers, for which it was organized in 2006  a design competition with object the redevelopment of the waterfront. What it was considered important to carry out in this study is an attempt to update the new instances of urban regeneration that occurred: in fact, due to the recent urban transformations and the pressing economic crisis (combined with reduced physical of  a large part of  the beach the framework to meet the needs of today is more complex.Therefore, we addressed to a study of the state of the town, arriving at the objectives related to the transformation hypothesis, desirable, starting from the promenade, center for the function  and important for the relationship that allows us to establish the natural character of the coastal environment. We did, therefore, a comparison between the objectives spelled out in the notice of the administration in 2006 and those that currently appear focal for an integrated development of Fregene, to try to understand how we could rework the announcement today, in the light of the new order came to take shape.The rethinking of the waterfront, in addition to being the topic still actual, could be integrated with new instances identified, useful to a designer who is faced with the complexity of the topic. In addition, the reflection wants to focus on how the instrument of competition may be useful to carry out a survey of the possible hypotheses of transformation, and how it can be supported by other procedural elements, needed to achieve  the objectives of  urban  regeneration.

  16. Replacement of the urban structure. Project of Viserba’s waterfront

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Morgagni

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays many seaside towns, economically based on marine tourism, need operations to reinvent and recovery their own image and to define a new strategy of urban development. The presence of the sea is of primary importance and it should be considered not only as an economic resource, but mainly as a strong element of identity that must interact with the urban landscape.The project of Viserba’s waterfront faces these issues and it tries to answer them through a unique urban plan. The renewal of the area comes through the replacement of large parts of urban fabric, characterized by the high density of construction and by a low architectural quality. The aim of the urban regeneration process of the Viserba’s seafront is to recreate the connection between the city and its marine environment and try to keep the whole urban system in balance from architectural, cultural, economic and social viewpoints. The main concept of the project is based on the theme of water that generates the idea of a waterfront with new tourist facilities oriented toward the sea and that becomes the common thread that links them together. The cohesiveness between sea and land takes place through the inclusion of a promenade, which links the beach with the built environment, and through the recovery of the historic port that becomes a focal point. Moreover, the strengthening of this unbreakable bond is stressed by the new skyline, by the residences that are inclined towards the sea, by the redevelopment of the town centre, based on a system of connected squares with the promenade and the sea, and by the building of a spa, which is opening onto the beach. The spa commemorates the origins of Viserba, once called “Queen of the Waters”.

  17. 城市滨水景观规划设计探讨%Discussion on urban waterfront landscape planning design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海源

    2015-01-01

    分析了城市滨水景观规划和建设存在的问题,提出了城市滨水景观规划的设计对策,并以左云县城段十里河二期工程滨水景观规划为例,阐述了构建生态亲水河道、构建生态自然群落、分区与组景的手法,既改善了河道的生态功能,又创造出了优美的自然景致。%This paper analyzed the existing problems in urban waterfront landscape planning and construction,put forward the design strategies of urban waterfront landscape planning,and taking the Shili River second phase project waterfront landscape planning in Zuoyun County section as an example,elaborated the method construction of ecological river,ecological group,sub district and landscape,both improved the ecological function of river,and created the beautiful natural landscape.

  18. Culturable bioaerosols along an urban waterfront are primarily associated with coarse particles

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    Angel Montero

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The source, characteristics and transport of viable microbial aerosols in urban centers are topics of significant environmental and public health concern. Recent studies have identified adjacent waterways, and especially polluted waterways, as an important source of microbial aerosols to urban air. The size of these aerosols influences how far they travel, their resistance to environmental stress, and their inhalation potential. In this study, we utilize a cascade impactor and aerosol particle monitor to characterize the size distribution of particles and culturable bacterial and fungal aerosols along the waterfront of a New York City embayment. We seek to address the potential contribution of bacterial aerosols from local sources and to determine how their number, size distribution, and taxonomic identity are affected by wind speed and wind direction (onshore vs. offshore. Total culturable microbial counts were higher under offshore winds (average of 778 CFU/m3 ± 67, with bacteria comprising the majority of colonies (58.5%, as compared to onshore winds (580 CFU/m3 ± 110 where fungi were dominant (87.7%. The majority of cultured bacteria and fungi sampled during both offshore winds (88% and onshore winds (72% were associated with coarse aerosols (>2.1 µm, indicative of production from local sources. There was a significant correlation (p < 0.05 of wind speed with both total and coarse culturable microbial aerosol concentrations. Taxonomic analysis, based on DNA sequencing, showed that Actinobacteria was the dominant phylum among aerosol isolates. In particular, Streptomyces and Bacillus, both spore forming genera that are often soil-associated, were abundant under both offshore and onshore wind conditions. Comparisons of bacterial communities present in the bioaerosol sequence libraries revealed that particle size played an important role in microbial aerosol taxonomy. Onshore and offshore coarse libraries were found to be most similar

  19. A View From The Sea The Regeneration of Marseille Waterfront: Iconic Buildings And Mediterranean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elena Buslacchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will discuss how the isomorphic trend of urban regeneration of waterfronts implies a modeling which is not free from critical points. If we focus on the growing use of art and culture as a tool, both in stable museum form both in ephemeral festival form, we must pair this tool with a local contextualization which requires a deep and multi-prospectic knowledge of the territory. In this context a view “from the sea” becomes fundamental when we think to renovate the identity of the port cities materially and, at the same time, symbolically. First a general introduction about the actual evolution of strategies for regeneration of coastal areas will be given. Then two fundamental specific case-studies in the regeneration of the city of Marseille  will be discussed: Vieux Port and the Esplanade - Fort St-Jean. These areas, studied during my Ph. D. thesis, are meaningful for the connection generated between the local reality and the original project, based on a general purpose model. This paper will try to employ ethnographic methodology to examine which functions have been associated to renewed areas and how these acquired functions can be connected with project steps and with already observed results in other cities. A descriptive approach is predominant in this work; anyway a critical judgment cannot be avoided. This sort of judgment is not to be extended to all the other effects which cannot be directly observed within the case-study.

  20. City/Sea Searching for a New Connection. Regeneration Proposal for Naples Waterfront Like an Harbourscape: Comparing Three Case Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelangelo Russo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The port is a strategic area of transition, where it is possible to perceive the territory-landscape and the urban front. However it lost its urban character, gradually becoming an high specialized independent machines, a sectorial infrastructure divided from the city: this phenomenon has created increasingly socio-economical marginalization.  Within a double view, lengthwise and transverse, we can describe the port as a space closed to the city and as an unfathomable barrier for the transverse flows that previously connected the waterfront to the city. The paper examines the case study of Naples, where the port expansion continues to grow without any integration with other parts of the city, distorting its “urban area” role, establishing its independence and making urban system compatibility conditions even weaker. The functional and physical division increases the perception of the port as a barrier rather than a filter. Turning the sense of these conditions aims at rethinking waterfront as a public space, a place where integration and specialization spaces become new open and accessible spatial devices. In some contemporary European and American cities (Aalborg, Oslo and Toronto we could see the port as multifunctional system, an interdisciplinary project that creates urban spaces integrated to the city and that allows the coexistence of different uses. The project of a new public space between the sea and the hinterland could involve all these conflicting functions creating, with different strategies, a potential multifunctional landscape. In Naples as well, where the waterfront is still waiting to be re-connected with the story of the city itself.

  1. 滨水景观的空间意象研究%Study on the spatial image of waterfront landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大亮; 吕桂菊

    2016-01-01

    从中国古典艺术和美国城市设计师凯文·林奇关于空间意象的理论入手,分析了意象理论在滨水空间的理论延伸部分,论述了景观结构和内在的文化内涵对滨水空间设计的重要性,并通过文登市杜营河道绿地规划设计案例,阐述了景观结构与文化内涵在具体工程设计中的应用。%Starting with the theory about the image space of Chinese classical art and the urban designer Kevin Lynch. Analysis the image theory in the theory of waterfront space extension and draw clearly landscape structure and intrinsic cultural connotation of waterfront space design im-portance,through the Camden Duying River green space planning and design case of explain the profound things in a simple way to explore the application of landscape structure,cultural connotation.

  2. Severity and exposure associated to tsunami actions in urban waterfronts. The case of Lisbon, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde, Daniel; Telhado, Maria J.; Viana Baptista, Maria A.; Antunes, Carlos M.; Ferreira, Rui M. L.

    2014-05-01

    The Tagus estuary is recognized as an exposed location to tsunami occurrences, given its proximity to tsunamigenic faults such as the Marquês de Pombal and the Horseshoe fault system. Lisbon, bordered by the Tagus estuary, is a critical point of Portugal's tsunami hazard map, having been affected by several tsunamis (Baptista and Miranda, 2009) including the notorious event of November 1st 1755, the last major natural disaster known to have inflicted massive destruction in Portugal. The main objective of this work, a joint initiative of CEHIDRO (IST - Universidade de Lisboa) and the Municipal Civil Protection Services of Lisbon, is to contribute to the quantification of severity and exposure of Lisbon waterfront to tsunami events. For that purpose, the propagation of a tsunami similar to that of the 1st November of 1755 in the Tagus estuary was numerically simulated. Several scenarios were considered, articulating the influence of tidal (low and high tides), atmospheric (increase in water level due to storm surges) and hydrological (flow discharge in Tagus river) conditions. Different initial and boundary conditions were defined for each modelling scenario but the magnitude of the tsunami remained what is believed to be an exceptional event. The extent of the inundation and relevant hydrodynamic quantities were registered for all scenarios. The employed simulation tool - STAV-2D - was developed at CEHIDRO (IST) and is based on a 2DH spatial (Eulerian) shallow-flow approach suited to complex and dynamic bottom boundaries. The discretization technique relies on a finite-volume scheme, based on a flux-splitting technique incorporating a reviewed version of the Roe Riemann solver (Canelas et al. 2013, Conde et al. 2013). STAV-2D features conservation equations for the finer solid phase of the flow and also a Lagrangian model for the advection of larger debris elements. The urban meshwork was thoroughly discretized with a mesh finer than average street width. This fine

  3. 谈城市滨河景观特色塑造策略和方法%On strategies and methods for shaping special urban waterfront landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳建华

    2011-01-01

    通过对湖北江陵县内荆河滨河景观的改造设计,探讨了城市内河在城市的快速发展过程中的景观规划策略,突出滨河景观建设的科学性、系统性、生态性,把握城市规划目标控制要求,在可持续发展的建设模式下,强调城市河道滨水景观特色塑造,发挥其名片效应,提升城市滨河景观与城市人的互动关系。%Through a renovation design on Neijing River waterfront landscape in Jiangling county of Hubei province,this thesis explores landscape planning strategies of internal urban river in fast urban development,which highlights scientific,systematical,and ecological waterfront landscape.Under grasping urban planning targets and constructing sustainable development mode,we emphasizes urban waterfront landscape shaping,plays its card effect,and enhancing interaction between urban waterfront landscape and citizens.

  4. A lagrangian-eulerian description of debris transport by a tsunami in the Lisbon waterfront

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde, Daniel; Canelas, Ricardo; Baptista, Maria Ana; João Telhado, Maria; Ferreira, Rui M. L.

    2013-04-01

    Several major tsunamis are known to have struck the Portuguese coast over the past millennia (Baptista and Miranda, 2009). The Tagus estuary has great exposure to tsunami occurrences and, being bordered by the largest metropolitan area in the country, is a particularly worrisome location in what concerns safety of populations and economic losses due to disruption of built infrastructures. The last major earthquake and tsunami combination known to have critically affected the Tagus estuary dates back to November 1st 1755. This catastrophe critically damaged Lisbon's infrastructures, led to numerous casualties and priceless heritage losses. The urban tissue of the present city still bears visible the effects of the catastrophe and of the ensuing protection measures. The objective of this work is to simulate the propagation of debris carried by a 1755-like tsunami along the present-day bathimetric and altimetric conditions of Lisbon waterfront. Particular emphasis was directed to the modeling of vehicles since the tsunami is likely to affect areas that are major traffic nodes such as Alcântara, with more than 1500 vehicles in road network of about 3 km. The simulation tool employed is based on a 2DH spatial (eulerian) shallow-flow approach suited to complex and dynamic bottom boundaries. The discretization technique relies on a finite-volume scheme, based on a flux-splitting technique incorporating a reviewed version of the Roe Riemann solver (Canelas et al. 2013). Two formulations were employed to model the advection of debris: a fully coupled continuum approach, where solid bodies are described by the concentration only and an uncoupled material (lagrangian) formulation where solid bodies are tracked between two time-steps once the flow field is determined by the eulerian solver. In the latter case, concentrations are updated after tracking the solid bodies thus correcting the mass and momentum balance to be used for the next time-step. The urban tissue was

  5. Principles of Waterfront Renovation to Decisive Spaces for Local Identity: A Study Case of Port Adelaide, South Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taher, S.; Haqi, F. I.

    2017-07-01

    If governments have an objective to participate in a globalized economy, they should address the challenges of blighted inner city and particularly older water front areas. In doing the latter there is often a degree of consistency in place making. While the processes and principles behind urban design and planning need to have an internal logic across different scales to create quality public realms, the outcome of these interventions are frequently unresponsive to regional diversities in culture and identity. This indifference can lead to changes in the built form through urban regeneration activities that do not respect, celebrate or represent the history and traditions of the local community associated with an inner harbour or other forms of urban waterfronts. This research was undertaken to develop a set of design principles for the Inner Harbour renewal project in Port Adelaide, South Australia that would be sensitive to the historical role of the water front and in particular to incorporate the sentiments and needs of long term residents for whom the character of the area and their attachment to it shapes their sense of identity. The research established a theoretical framework for the development of design principles such as functionality, accessibility, natural environment and culture, history and memory. The findings showed that the redevelopment did not significantly disrupt residents’ sense of place or sense of local identity however some more additional design attributes would nevertheless strengthen the capacity of the project to preserve local identity. This paper concludes with recommendations for preserving local identity for residents adjacent to waterfront renewal projects.

  6. Transformación y crisis identitaria de una ciudad portuaria en la era global. El Waterfront de Valparaíso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gino Bailey B.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El waterfront “Puerto Baron” forma parte de la transformación global que enfrenta el puerto de Valparaíso. Un aspecto modelar de las ciudades portuarias en la globalización, sin embargo, en su gestión, diseño y proceso (2011- actualidad el proyecto ha sido contradictorio respecto a la coherencia de la ciudad de Valparaíso. El waterfront “Puerto Barón” se presenta como el modo en que el puerto de Valparaíso dialoga globalmente y al mismo tiempo el fin del modelo patrimonial conferido por la UNESCO desde el año 2003. La regeneración del tradicional “Muelle Barón” en Waterfront global “Puerto Barón”, conllevaría eventuales consecuencias a nivel urbanístico y económico, pero de un modo más profundo, se observan contradicciones que inciden en la identidad de la ciudad puerto, de gran riqueza histórica y patrimonial, colocando en riesgo el imaginario histórico de ciudad portuaria y conflictuando sobre el destino actual de la Ciudad Patrimonio de la UNESCO (2003. Esto lo observamos al confrontar discursos de diversos actores influyentes cuando el debate comenzó a generarse en el año 2011.

  7. 滨水景观文脉元素与城市风貌探讨%Analysis of the Context Elements of Waterfront landscape and Urban Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张力

    2011-01-01

    Urban waterfront is often the birthplace of the city and the place with deepest history and culture, and can mostly demonstrate the urban style as well. In this paper, the history of the regional culture and the relationship between the waterfront landscape design are studied along with analysis of the problems existing in China's current urban waterfront landscape design. And the author combines with Qingyi River landscape design projects in Changge City to discuss urban waterfront landscape design concepts, principles, practices, etc. From the viewpoint of the Style building in the city waterfront landscape design, the author explores the reflection of the historical contextual elements on urban features and characteris- tics, and excavates the historic value and cultural connotation in the process of urban development, at the same time, attempts to resolve the city's image characteristics and thus confirms the style positioning, which has great significances for guiding today's urban image building.%通过对历史地域文化与滨水景观设计之间关系的研究,分析了我国现阶段城市滨水景观设计中存在的问题,结合长葛市清溟河景观设计项目,对城市滨水景观设计理念、原则、手法等进行了探讨。从城市风貌建设的角度来探讨滨水景观设计的历史文脉元素对城市风貌特色中的反映,指出了挖掘城市发展过程中的历史印记和文化内涵,尝试解析城市形象的特色,并由此确定城市风貌的定位,为当今城市形象建设提供参考。

  8. he role of waterfront areas for the historical city and the urban territory. Regeneration experiences in England and France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candida Cuturi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Several considerable processes of urban regeneration, carried out in the last decades, have particularly concerned brownfield areas, along sea, rivers and canals.Some operations, run in the wake of European policies for urban areas or programmes related to cultural and sport events, have actually contributed to the renaissance and vitality of territories in decline.Nevertheless, in a period of deep economic crisis and unemployment, urgent environmental emergencies, multiplicity and diversity of social instances, there is a real need for approaches more and more consistent with objectives of both physical/environmental and socio-economic regeneration.English and French experiences of waterfront regeneration are interesting, in different ways, in relation to the process activation/implementation (partnership organisational structure, private/public investment ratio, duration, as to enterprises, employment and innovation (office, retail and leisure space, enterprise localization, cultural attractions and urban design, with regard to local communities, services and cultural heritage (increase of population and local employment, accessibility to housing and integrated services, mobility and transport, conservation and valorisation of buildings and sites of architectural or historic interest, involvement and participation to local planning processes, as to the use of resources and pollution reduction (energy management, building recovery and brownfield regeneration, etc..

  9. Acoustic, Visual and Spatial Indicators for the Description of the Soundscape of Waterfront Areas with and without Road Traffic Flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Puyana Romero

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available High flows of road traffic noise in urban agglomerations can negatively affect the livability of squares and parks located at the neighborhood, district and city levels, therefore pushing anyone who wants to enjoy calmer, quieter areas to move to non-urban parks. Due to the distances between these areas, it is not possible to go as regularly as would be necessary to satisfy any needs. Even if cities are densely populated, the presence of a sea or riverfront offers the possibility of large restorative places, or at least with potential features for being the natural core of an urban nucleus after a renewal intervention. This study evaluates the soundscape of the Naples waterfront, presenting an overview of the most significant visual, acoustic and spatial factors related to the pedestrian areas, as well as areas open to road traffic and others where the road traffic is limited. The factors were chosen with feature selection methods and artificial neural networks. The results show how certain factors, such as the perimeter between the water and promenade, the visibility of the sea or the density of green areas, can affect the perception of the soundscape quality in the areas with road traffic. In the pedestrian areas, acoustic factors, such as loudness or the A-weighted sound level exceeded for 10% of the measurement duration (LA10, influence the perceived quality of the soundscape.

  10. Acoustic, Visual and Spatial Indicators for the Description of the Soundscape of Waterfront Areas with and without Road Traffic Flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puyana Romero, Virginia; Maffei, Luigi; Brambilla, Giovanni; Ciaburro, Giuseppe

    2016-09-21

    High flows of road traffic noise in urban agglomerations can negatively affect the livability of squares and parks located at the neighborhood, district and city levels, therefore pushing anyone who wants to enjoy calmer, quieter areas to move to non-urban parks. Due to the distances between these areas, it is not possible to go as regularly as would be necessary to satisfy any needs. Even if cities are densely populated, the presence of a sea or riverfront offers the possibility of large restorative places, or at least with potential features for being the natural core of an urban nucleus after a renewal intervention. This study evaluates the soundscape of the Naples waterfront, presenting an overview of the most significant visual, acoustic and spatial factors related to the pedestrian areas, as well as areas open to road traffic and others where the road traffic is limited. The factors were chosen with feature selection methods and artificial neural networks. The results show how certain factors, such as the perimeter between the water and promenade, the visibility of the sea or the density of green areas, can affect the perception of the soundscape quality in the areas with road traffic. In the pedestrian areas, acoustic factors, such as loudness or the A-weighted sound level exceeded for 10% of the measurement duration (LA10), influence the perceived quality of the soundscape.

  11. Planning and research on urban waterfront water system%城市滨水地区水系工程规划研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵高峰

    2012-01-01

    城市滨水地区的开发建设中,水系水体规划建设是重要的基础工作之一,它为实现滨水地区建设的总体目标提供有利的保障.水系水体规划需要充分考虑土地利用、场地竖向、城市景观、防洪排涝、水污染防治等方面之间的关系,综合协调规划水系平面、水系竖向、水系运行、水污染防治措施等,才能达到滨水地区的水系建设与城市功能定位相符的要求.文章结合规划设计实例,从水系平面、水系竖向、水系运行、水污染防治措施4个维度进行了研究.%In the process of development and construction for urban waterfront, water system planning is one of the crucial foundations, as it can provide the favorable protection for accomplishing the construction in waterfront. In order to match the water system construction with urban functional position in urban waterfront, such factors as the connects among land use, vertical site, city landscape, flood control and drainage, and control of water pollution, as well as the general coordination for water system horizontal layout, and vertical layout, water system operation and sewage prevention and control should be taken into consideration. The article carries out the study based on an empirical case of urban waterfront water system in Jiangmen from four aspects including water system horizontal layout, vertical layout, water system operation and water pollution prevention and control.

  12. 城市滨水区景观规划设计理论及应用研究%The Plan and Design Theory and Application Research of Urban Waterfront Landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴熙

    2014-01-01

    城市滨水区在城市生态环境和城市生活文化中饰演着不可替代的重要角色。目前,“城市滨水区景观规划”也受到越来越多国家和地区的关心。本文就对当前城市滨水区景观规划的现状和发展进行了简要分析。%Urban waterfront plays an irreplaceable important role in urban ecological environment and urban life culture. At present, the "urban waterfront landscape planning" has also been concerned by more and more countries and regions. This paper analyzed briefly on the current status and development of urban waterfront landscape planning.

  13. Strategies of the Waterfront Landscape Planning of Small Towns in China%我国小城镇滨水区的景观规划策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建国; 金倩

    2015-01-01

    讨论我国小城镇滨水区景观规划的实践情况,并从中发现问题,总结经验教训,合理运用到实际的项目操作中,并提出适宜我国小城镇滨水区景观规划的谋划策略。研究表明:该策略模式对于我国大部分小城镇具有普适性,当然不同地区的小城镇的实际情况不同,可根据当地的具体情况调整模式的内容,故具有一定的指导弹性。%The practical situations about the waterfront landscape planning of small towns in China were discussed,some problems were found,experience was summarized,and lesson was learned from the planning.Based on these results,the actual projects can be operated more reasonably.Furthermore,this paper also focused on proposing appropriate strategies about the waterfront landscape of small towns in China.There exists universality among.these strategy patterns.The contents of the planning patterns can be adjusted according to the specific local situation of the small towns in different ar-eas.So these strategy patterns have certain flexibility.

  14. Urban Blue Space and “The Project of the Century”: Doing Justice on the Seattle Waterfront and for Local Residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Taufen Wessells

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Urban blue space is increasingly embraced by cities as a specific and valuable genre of public space, valued for its economic, symbolic and experiential place attributes and essential to sustainable urban development. This article takes up the concept of urban blue space from a design perspective, extending and exploring it through a critical social science lens. Using the reconfiguration and redesign of the central Seattle waterfront as a case example, the idea of “doing justice” is enlisted to examine not just the design opportunities and formal characteristics of the site, but also the patterns of privilege, access and regional socio-ecological equity that are raised through its redesign. After situating the extraordinary design opportunity presented by this iconic urban blue space, and the imperative to do justice to the waterfront’s physical situation, the article presents the site from four additional and discrete perspectives: economic justice, environmental justice, social justice and tribal justice. By thus foregrounding the urban political ecology of the waterfront, the article demonstrates that the most important challenge of the site’s redevelopment is not technological, financial or administrative, although these are real, and significant challenges, but rather, the need to construct a place that works to counter established patterns of local and regional injustice. In Seattle as in other coastal port cities, urban blue space is a shared public and environmental good, with unique and demanding governance responsibilities for its conceptualization and sustainable development.

  15. Cellular Automata Modelling in Predicting the Development of Settlement Areas, A Case Study in The Eastern District of Pontianak Waterfront City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurhidayati, E.; Buchori, I.; Mussadun; Fariz, T. R.

    2017-07-01

    Pontianak waterfront city as water-based urban has the potential of water resources, socio-economic, cultural, tourism and riverine settlements. Settlements areas in the eastern district of Pontianak waterfront city is located in the triangle of Kapuas river and Landak river. This study uses quantitative-GIS methods that integrates binary logistic regression and Cellular Automata-Markov models. The data used in this study such as satellite imagery Quickbird 2003, Ikonos 2008 and elevation contour interval 1 meter. This study aims to discover the settlement land use changes in 2003-2014 and to predict the settlements areas in 2020. This study results the accuracy in predicting of changes in settlements areas shows overall accuracy (79.74%) and the highest kappa index (0.55). The prediction results show that settlement areas (481.98 Ha) in 2020 and the increasingly of settlement areas (6.80 Ha/year) in 2014-2020. The development of settlement areas in 2020 shows the highest land expansion in Parit Mayor Village. The results of regression coefficient value (0) of flooding variable, so flooding did not influence to the development of settlement areas in the eastern district of Pontianak because the building’s adaptation of rumah panggung’s settlements was very good which have adjusted to the height of tidal flood.

  16. On tourist landscapes planning for waterfront space in Lanzhou%谈兰州市滨河空间旅游景观规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任媛媛; 许新亚

    2012-01-01

    Based on the status for the tourist route and landscapes along Yellow River custom and tourist line, the paper points out some improvement suggestions for waterfront tourist landscapes in Lanzhou from the aspect of the tourist planning for the Yellow River custom and tourist line, so as to from the complete and systematic tourist line and profound and attractive humanity resorts and enhance the tourist environment for waterfront space in Lanzhou.%针对黄河风情线的观光线路与观光景观的现状,从兰州黄河风情线观光旅游规划的角度,对兰州滨河旅游景观提出了改造意见,以期形成完整、系统的观光线路和丰富、美观的人文景区,改善兰州滨河空间的旅游环境。

  17. Waterfront and urban regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Pirlone

    2016-12-01

    Our research brings from a debate among the different actors (University, Planning Section of the Municipality, Port Authority to an elaboration of some future proposals which underline the different meanings of the relationship with water in the west of Genoa, Prà-Voltri’s area: from walking on different levels, above and below the channel specially designed, the opportunity to live (as in previous years the beach for swimming, recreational and sporting appearance in a new Channel, in the continuation of activities in the existing Prà Channel. These elaborations are designed to determine the functions that the new Channel could take becoming in turn an urban redevelopment tool: the influence of the Channel, in fact, it should reach the city center reconnecting to historical paths and the promenade to become an integral part of the everyday life.

  18. 江汉运河滨水旅游开发的基本策略%Basic Strategies of Tourism Development of Jianghan Canal Waterfront

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世霞; 田至美

    2012-01-01

    随着江汉运河的开通,运河及其滨水区将形成独特的景观,并给运河沿岸地区的旅游开发带来新的机遇.本文从区域经济开发的角度对江汉运河滨水旅游资源进行了梳理,并提出了江汉运河滨水旅游开发的6项基本策略,即资源整合与优化,文化发掘与塑造,市场巩固与拓展,产品改造与升级,产业扩张与演进,区域协调与融合.并指出运河旅游开发中需要注意的问题:在水体旅游开发中以保护为重,谋求综合效益;注重组合开发,实施精品战略;注重文化内涵,推进深度旅游;注重整合开发,实施区域联合.%With the opening of Jianghan canal, the canal and its waterfront will form a unique landscape, and bring new opportunities for tourism development along the canal area. This paper sorts out the Jianghan Canal waterfront tourism resources from the perspective of regional economic development, and proposes six basic strategies of Jianghan Canal waterfront tourism development, namely integration and optimization of resources, cultural excavation an3 shaping, market consolidation and expansion, transform and upgrade the product, industrial expansion and evolution, regional coordination and integration. This papernotes that the development of canal tourism needs to pay attention to the problems; protection of water resources as the most important in the development of water tourism, and seeking comprehensive benefits; emphasizing portfolio development, and implementing product strategy; focus on the cultural connotation, and advancing tourism in depth; focus on integrated development, and implementing regional integration.

  19. 滨河国际大厦给排水工程设计%Design of water supply and drainage engineering of International Waterfront Mansion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志刚

    2012-01-01

    对滨河国际大厦给排水工程设计进行了详细介绍,分别阐述了该项目的给水系统、排水系统及消防给水系统的具体设置及管材选用情况,对今后同类公共建筑给排水设计具有一定指导意义。%The paper introduces the design of water supply and drainage engineering of International Waterfront Mansion in detail,and respectively describes the specific setting of water supply system,drainage system and fire protection water supply system and pipe material selection,which has certain guiding meaning for similar publish building water supply and drainage design in future.

  20. 通许县涡河滨水文化景观的提升与再造%Enhancement and reconstruction of the cultural landscape of Waterfront Park along the Guo River in Tongxu County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莹; 田国行

    2013-01-01

    Guo River is the inland river flowing through the whole center of TongXu County,the water -front landscape planning of its western line directly affects the development of the city.In the respect to the history and culture of TongXu County and protecting the ecological environment,making use of the ecological culture resources,integrating urban culture design elements,and presenting the space landscape features of Guo River waterfront will be the essence of the whole program.Concerning with the researches on historical and cultural connotation of TongXu County,and considering with the real life example of Waterfront Park of Guo River,this article elaborates the usage and upgrading of culture elements in waterfront landscape,and create the sustainable development of urban waterfront environment in TongXu County.%作为通许县一条贯穿整个城市中心的内河,涡河西支滨水景观规划直接影响城市的发展,在尊重通许历史文化和保护生态环境的前提下,利用生态文化资源,整合城市文化设计要素,展现涡河滨水空间景观特色,是整个项目的宗旨.本文通过研究通许历史文化内涵,结合涡河滨水公园景观实例,详细阐述了文化元素在滨水景观的应用与提升,为通许县创造出可持续发展的城市滨水环境.

  1. Creating the Urban Waterfront Landscape of the Plateau Tibetan Village in the Post-disaster Rebuilding of Yushu%在玉树灾后重建中营造高原藏乡城市滨水景观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁庄; 白杨; 魏巍

    2011-01-01

    With the starting point to promote the post-disaster recovery and rebuilding of Yushu and reflect the natural and cultural characteristics of Yushu, the core strategy of "integrating diverse functions, highlighting the Tibetan features, continuing the historical cultural context, and paying attention to people's livelihood" is made in the Yushu two-river landscape planning to guide the two-river waterfront landscape plan preparation. Through the summary of the Yushu two-river waterfront landscape belt planning, it is proposed to coordinate the waterfront areas, show the historical and cultural characteristics, respect the natural eco-environment, and balance economic and social benefits in urban waterfront landscape planning, which could be reference for similar planning in the future.%玉树两河景观规划以促进玉树灾后恢复重建、体现玉树自然文化特色为出发点.制定了"融合多样功能,突出藏乡特色,延续历史文脉,关注民牛权益"的核心对策,指导两河滨水景观规划编制工作.通过对玉树两河滨水景观带规划的总结,进一步提出城市滨水景观规划应统筹滨水景观地区、展现历史人文特色、尊重自然生态环境、平衡经济社会效益,为今后类似规划建设工作提供参考借鉴.

  2. 苏州运河与胥江滨水景观规划设计研究%Research on waterfront landscape design of Suzhou Canal and Xujiang River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亮; 黄启堂; 林征

    2014-01-01

    City waterfront landscape is an important subject of city construction.Inheritance of regional culture has become an indispensable task of the waterfront landscape design.Based on Suzhou's profound humane inside information and rich cultural heritage,by taking waterfront design of Suzhou Canal and Xujiang River as an example,according to the design concept of combination of space creation and heritage context,with “One Center and Two Axes”as the planning structure,the paper forms ten major theme landscape groups named “Five Melodies of Grand”and “Five Rhyme of Xujiang River”to show that we should excavate the deep cultural heritage in waterfront landscape design to achieve the high fit between design space and regional culture.%城市滨水区景观是城市建设的一项重要内容,而地域文化的传承已经成为滨水景观设计中不可或缺的任务。文章基于苏州深厚的人文底蕴及历史文化遗存,以苏州运河与胥江滨水景观规划设计为例,依据空间塑造与文脉传承相结合的设计理念,以“一心两轴”为规划结构,规划形成了“运河五律”、“胥江五韵”等十大主题景观组团,旨在强调滨水景观设计中需要挖掘场地深厚的文化底蕴,做到设计空间与地域文化的高度契合。

  3. Discussion on Several Ecological Problems for Waterfront Landscape Planning and Design in Heilongjiang Province%黑龙江省滨水景观规划设计中若干生态问题的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵斯野; 齐鑫

    2011-01-01

    Recently, Heilongjiang Province Communist Party Commission and Heilongjiang Province Government put forward a requirement for quickening the construction of the waterfront landscape and carrying out the planning and design of water- front landscape in order to increase the ability of comprehensive flood control in each city, improve the waterfront landscape and ecological environment along the river course and both banks of the cities, create a natural water embracing landscape and waterfront environment for the residents living on both banks around the whole province. There are some problems worthy of being discussed and thought over during the planning and design of urban waterfront landscape. In this study, major problems are analyzed, relevant ways and methods are introduced to solve these problems according to the theory of ecological water conservancy project and modern river controlling view on the harmonious relationship between human beings and water.%近期黑龙江省委和省政府提出了加快全省滨水城市建设的要求,各地开展了城市滨水景观的规划设计,以提高城市综合防洪能力,改善城市河道及其两岸水景观和生态环境,为两岸居民营造一个"亲水"的自然景观和水边环境。在城市滨水景观规划设计中遇到了一些值得研究和思考的问题,分析存在的主要问题,根据生态水利工程的理论和人水和谐的现代治河理念,探讨解决这些问题的途径和方法。

  4. Study on the Plant Communities of Waterfront Green Space in Liuzhou Dongdi Garden%柳州市东堤游园滨水绿地植物群落研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翠玉

    2011-01-01

    对柳州市东堤游园滨水绿地植物群落的物种组成(Simpson指数)、物种多样性指数(Shannon-Wiener指数)、群落相似性系数(Jaccard相似性系数)等进行分析研究.结果表明,东堤游园滨水绿地植物群落中乔灌木种类丰富,但地被植物种类较少,尤其是水生植物景观较单一.滨水绿地植物配置以乡土植物为主,其中观赏价值高的乔灌木的应用频率及物种多样性相对较高;不同植物群落间物种组成存在明显的差异.该研究为城市滨水绿地植物景观的生态建设与保护提供了一定的科学依据和参考借鉴.%Species of plant communities (Simpson index) , species diversity index (Shannon-Wiener index) , as well as community similarity index (Jaccard index) of waterfront green space plant communities of Dongdi garden in Liuzhou were analyzed. And the research result were as follow: the species of tree layer and shrub layer were abundant, but the ground cover plant layer was less, especially the aquatic plant landscape was relatively simple; most waterfront green space plant disposition was native plants, where there was relatively high application frequency of the high ornamental value trees and shrubs; the species were diversified and there were significant different species compositions between different plant communities. The study provided scientific basis and reference for the construction and protection of the urban waterfront green plants landscape.

  5. Waterfront Landscape Planning along the Yihe River in the New District of Luoyang City%伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观规划探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜虹; 陈茜; 张丹

    2012-01-01

    General situation of the Yihe River in the New District of Luoyang City and its evolution history were introduced and evaluated from 4 perspectives of water, embankment, vegetation and traffic accessibility. On this basis, orientation of waterfront landscape planning of the Yihe River in the overall urban planning of Luoyang City was proposed, and it was proposed that waterfront landscape planning in the study area should follow the ecological principle, cultural and regional principle, public service principle, accessible principle and human-centered principle. It was to provide references for the landscape planning and design of the Yibe River in the new district of Luoyang City, and to promote its waterfront landscape construction.%分析了伊河洛阳新区段的总体概况及其发展演变过程,从水体、驳岸、植被、交通可达性4个方面对伊河洛阳新区段的现状加以分析与评价.在此基础上,指出了伊河滨水景观规划在洛阳市城市总体规划中的定位,强调伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观规划应遵循生态性原则、文化性与地域性原则、公共服务性原则、可达性原则以及人本性原则.以期为伊河洛阳新区段景观规划设计工作提供参考,以此推动伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观的构建.

  6. Study on the pattern beauty of waterfront landscape along Tangwang River in Yichun city%伊春市汤旺河沿岸滨河景观的形式美研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程泊淞

    2012-01-01

    对伊春市汤旺河沿岸整体环境配置及区域进行了分析,根据文献研究以及实地调研情况,从环境整合方面进行了景观规划设计,确立了汤旺河沿岸景观规划设计的艺术形式美的处理方法和景观生态要素的营造手法等设计框架,从而维护沿河区域的生态平衡。%This paper analyzes overall environment distribution and region along Tangwang River in Yichun city. According literature review and in-situ survey, it carries out landscape planning and design from aspect of overall environment, and determines artistic pattern beauty processing method of waterfront landscape planning and design along Tangwang River and creation methods of ecological landscape factors and other design frames, so as to sustain the ecological balance of waterfront region

  7. 陕西沿渭重点示范镇滨水景观规划建设调研%Survey and study on waterfront landscape planning construction of major demonstration town in Yanwei of Shannxi province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝春艳; 冯保科; 李运军

    2014-01-01

    Combining with waterfront landscape planning construction conditions of major demonstration town of Yanwei in Shannxi province,the paper analyzes major waterfront landscape planning construction effects,summarizes planning construction problems including insufficient con-struction funds and landscape planning failure,and finally puts forward measures of strengthening planning,strengthening organization and con-trolling targets evaluation and so on,with a view to provide some guidance.%结合陕西沿渭重点示范镇的滨水景观规划建设情况,分析了滨水景观规划建设的主要成效,并总结了规划建设中存在的城建资金不足、景观规划缺乏特色等问题,并提出了强化规划引领、加强组织领导、强化目标考核等措施,以供参考。

  8. On the Waterfront: The Historic Waterfront Precinct, Dunedin, New Zealand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Trapeznik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the industrial and mercantile built heritage of New Zealand by considering a remarkable precinct in Dunedin of surviving commercial buildings from the second half of the nineteenth century. The city was then the country’s financial, commercial and industrial centre, having undergone a gold rush boom in the 1860s. A large industrial and commercial precinct was rapidly created on reclaimed land in the central city over the following three decades. This study seeks to emphasise the importance of the agricultural economy and the stock and station agency business in particular to urban growth; this urban-rural interdependency that shaped nineteenth-century Dunedin. This contradicts the common emphasis on the gold rush boom and its architectural legacy. This study adopts a landscapes approach, offering a holistic framework which recognises the inter-relationship of

  9. 古城扬州的城河关系演变及滨水空间整治概述%The city-river relationship evolution and waterfront space treatment summary in Yangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛长元

    2014-01-01

    Combining with the Yangzhou urban construction history, this paper made phase analysis on the development evolution of city-river re-lationship and city function, also refracted the development path of ancient city Yangzhou, and summarized the important measures and effects of present waterfront treatment, for reference.%结合扬州城建史,对其城河关系与城市功能的发展演变进行了阶段性分析,同时折射出古城扬州的发展轨迹,并对当前滨水区整治的重要措施和成效进行了概述,以供参考借鉴。

  10. Combination of SOHO Architecture and Waterfront Space--Conceptual Urban Design of Rudong Central Market and Surrounding Land Redevelopment%SOHO建筑与滨水空间的结合--以如东县中心市场及周边地块再开发概念性城市设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亦樵

    2014-01-01

    As a product of the Internet age, SOHO building boarded the stage of history and became more and more popular al over the country. Taking Rudong urban design project as an example, this paper analyzes the characteristics of SOHO and elaborates the advantages of the combination of SOHO architecture and waterfront space to probe the design methods to merge SOHO architectures with waterfront space.%SOHO建筑作为互联网时代的产物登上了历史舞台,在全国各地掀起SOHO热。本文分析了SOHO一族的特点,以如东城市设计项目为例阐述了SOHO建筑与滨水空间结合的优势,探索将SOHO建筑与滨水空间相互融合的设计方法。

  11. 城市滨水绿地生态规划设计研究——以佛堂江北绿地景观工程为例%Study on Urban Ecological Planning and Design of Waterfront Green Space——Taking the North of River Green Space Landscape Project of Fotang as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文辉; 黄俊

    2011-01-01

    以佛堂江北绿地景观工程为实例,通过生态分析、规划设计原则和措施,从设计定位、布局与功能分区、景观结构、植物群落和生态驳岸入手,提出相应的生态设计化对策.%This paper analyzes some of problems of the urban waterfront green space planning and design, and proposes urban waterfront green space and eco-design concept. Taking the North of River Green Space Landscape Project of Fotang as an example, it uses ecological analysis, planning and design principles and measures, which is from the design location, layout and functional zoning, landscape structure, plant communities and revetment to start, drawing the appropriate ecological measures.

  12. 城市滨水景观设计中“留白”的意境美——以上海世博会后滩公园为例%The Artistic Beauty of "Blank" in Urban Waterfront Landscape Design: Taking the Bay Beach Park of Shanghai World Expo for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何欣然

    2012-01-01

    “留白”是中国传统绘画中一种意境的表达手法,“留白”意境美的产生是一个从空间形态—空间意象—空间意境的复杂过程.该文将其引入滨水景观设计中,以上海世博会后滩公园为例,分析了“留白”的意境美在城市滨水空间中的体现.从而得出“留白”的应用可形成如诗如画的意境,增加城市滨水空间的感染力.%"Blank" is an expression method about artistic conception in traditional Chinese painting, the artistic beauty of "Blank" is a complex process which products from space form, space images to space mood. Taking the Bay Beach Park of Shanghai World Expo for example, we introduce the waterfront landscape design, analyze the artistic beauty of "Blank" which reflects in urban waterfront space. We draw a conclusion that the application of "blank" can form the picturesque and artistic conception , increase the appeal of urban waterfront space.

  13. 柳州市滨水绿地植物配置调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis on the Plant Disposition of Waterfront Green Land in Liuzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翠玉; 肖万娟; 杨善云

    2012-01-01

    对柳州市滨水绿地植物种类、植物配置模式、层次结构及景观效果等进行了调查与分析.结果表明,共有绿化植物122种,隶属56科106属;植物配置以本地特色植物为主,注重“乔木+灌木+草本植物”垂直结构的合理搭配,注重人性化植物造景的原则.但部分绿地出现植物种类不够丰富、观赏特性单一、养护管理不到位等现象.以上这些问题希望在今后的城市生态园林建设发展中逐步得到解决,以提高柳州市滨水绿地空间的利用率和公众参与性、互动性,从而营造可持续发展的城市园林生态空间.%A survey and analysis was conducted on the plant disposition of waterfront green land, including plant species, plant disposition mode, hierarchical structure and landscape effects in Liuzhou. The results showed that there were 122 species of green plants belonging to 56 families, 106 genera. In the plant disposition, most of them were plants with local characteristics focusing on "arbor + shrubs + herbs" vertical structure with a reasonable collocation and attention to the principle of humanity plant landscaping. But there were also some problems such as part of the green plant species were not e-nough, ornamental characteristics were single, and maintenance and management were unscientific in some green land. It was hoped that the urban ecological garden construction development could be gradually resolved in the future in order to improve the waterfront green space utilization and public participation, interaction in Liuzhou, thus creating a sustainable development of urban ecological garden space.

  14. Analysis of Public Space and Public Life on Traditional Waterfront A Case Study of Wuhan%浅议传统城市滨水公共空间与公共生活--以武汉为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒阳

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the public space on traditional waterfront. Trough a case study of Wuhan, it examines three public spaces:street, bank and water surface. It demonstrates the public life in these spaces and analyzes their spatial characters. This article tries to point out that the integration of public life with public space is a key to the traditional waterfront’s vitality.%本文聚焦传统城市滨水公共空间,以武汉这一典型滨水城市为例,选取最具代表性的三种滨水公共活动空间类型:滨水街道、堤岸和水面,逐一分析空间特征,考证滨水活动,探索滨水公共空间与公共生活的互动关系,为当前城市滨水区开发建设提供有益的借鉴与参考。

  15. The Carrier Of Port City Culture In Waterfront Revival--New Concepts In The Design Of Contemporary Cruise Terminal%海港城市滨水区复兴中的港城文化载体--当代邮轮码头客运站设计新理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋臻

    2013-01-01

    国际邮轮业的快速发展带动了一系列邮轮码头的建设,很大一部分相同类型的工程位于海港城市中心的旧港区。伴随着城市港区滨水地带的开发复兴,邮轮码头客运站在规划设计时更多地考虑了位于滨水区交通建筑的社会功能。本文从港城的文脉延续、滨水公共空间的构建以及港城滨水意象的塑造等方面解析了当代邮轮码头客运站设计中出现的新理念。%The rapid development of the global cruise industry led to a series of constructions of cruise terminal, the majority of the same type of projects are located in the old harbor district which is in the center of the port city. Accompanied by the revival of the waterfront in the urban harbor district, the planning and design of the cruise terminal is taken more into account of the social function of the waterfront traffic architecture. This article makes analysis of the new concepts in the design of contemporary cruise terminal from the point of views of continuation of the context of the port city, construction of the waterfront public space and the sculpturing of the imagery of the port city.

  16. 试论滨水公园植物配置原则与策略--以平阳县为例%The Principles and Strategies of Plant Configuration at Waterfront Parks:A Study Based on the Case of Pingyang County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅品幸

    2015-01-01

    滨水公园是城市发展建设的重要资源,其对提升城市的品位、环境质量、景观及社会经济的发展等起到极其重要的积极作用。以温州市平阳县为例,探讨滨水公园的设计理念及手法,明确提出特色化、人性化、生态化、资源再生及传承历史文脉的城市滨水公园设计方法,并侧重就植物配置角度对城市滨水公园的生态设计进行系统性阐述。%As important resources in urban development and construction, waterfront parks play an important role in improving the taste, environmental quality, urban landscape and social economic development of cities. Based on the case of Pingyang county, this paper discusses the ideas and method used in designing waterfront parks. It proposes the design techniques emphasizing special features, humanization, ecologicalization, resource recycling and carrying forward the historical contents. method the ecological design from the perspective of plant configuration. It also systematically expounds the design of ecological aspect from the prespective of plant configuration.

  17. Creating the Creative Urban Waterfront in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thelle, Mikkel

    2017-01-01

    this as a process of de- and eterritorialization, the harbour is approached as an assemblage with components ranging from global discourses over national urban systems to working culture and local material structures. The primary case will be the harbour of Aarhus, Denmark’s second largest city.......- ative users and inhabitants. The overall questions of this chapter are how these urban spaces become creative and how their creativity changes across the phase of deindustrialisation. How is the multitude of the industrial har- bour giving way to an intended or planned creative space? Conceptualising...

  18. Maritime Domain Awareness: A Waterfront View

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-27

    Foreign Intelligence Collection • Illegal Fishing • Drug Smuggling • Pollution • Illegal Immigration • Unauthorized Research • Whale , Seabird Protection...Oil Industry Monitoring • Eco- tourism & Arctic Sightings • Maritime Interdiction Operations • Search and Rescue “Sum Up” • The more we try to progress

  19. Degradation of Waterfront Reinforced Concrete Structures

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key words: Degradation, reinforced concrete, Dar es Salaam port. Abstract—One of the .... Plate 2. Typical cracks on concrete piers found on berth. 4 through 8. Plate 3. Exposed .... Rubaratuka, I. A. and Mulungu, D., 1999: Defects in reinforced ...

  20. Analysis of the Composition of Waterfront Architectural Space%滨水区建筑空间构成探析——以福清市图书馆、档案馆、科技馆综合体建筑设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽彬; 林从华; 林晓嵩; 蔡丽蓉

    2011-01-01

    通过对滨水区建筑空间的概念、特点的认知,以福清市图书馆、档案馆、科技馆综合体建筑设计为例,指出福清市图书馆、档案馆、科技馆综合体建筑自然地理空间、规划结构空间、传统院落空间、建筑室内空间的设计手法与特征.详细解析了“一心三轴”的三馆空间结构特点,充分考虑到建筑环境因素进行平面规划布局,塑造出半围合的“文化广场”空间、收放自如的“开放式庭院”序列空间以及错落有致的“立体生态庭院”空间,利用这些叠加空间营造出庭院化、园林化的阅读、休憩、娱乐、交友环境.希望能启发滨水区建筑的设计思路,创作出具有时代性和民族特色的滨水建筑.%After the understanding of the concept and characteristics of waterfront architectural space, by taking library, archive, and science and technology museum in Fuqing City for example, the paper had pointed out design techniques and features of their natural geological space, planning structure space, traditional courtyard space and architectural indoor space. It had illustrated their structure of "one center and three axes" in detail. Environmental factor had been regarded in plane planning layout. Semi-enclosed space of "cultural square" , sequential space of "open courtyard" , and well-arranged space of "vertical ecological courtyard" had been created. Based on these spaces, courtyard and garden environments for reading, rest, leisure and communication had been constructed. It was hoped to inspire design idea of waterfront architectures, so as to create waterfront architectures with temporal spirit and national feature.

  1. 岭南风华迎四方——广州亚运村滨河园林项目岭南水乡专题策划设计%The Lingnan Elegance Welcomes the World—The Special Plan and Design of Lingnan Water Region in the Guangzhou Asian Games Village Waterfront Landscape Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙卫国; 陆琦

    2011-01-01

    The formal types and various landscape elements of the waterfront landscape space of different sections of the Asian Games Village, as well as the cultural characteristics of Lingnan water region, are analyzed systematically, which provides elements for landscape creation. The integration of folk sport culture and Asian Games culture is emphasized and refined, and the landscape design themes and designing essentials of the different sections of the Asian Games Town are set to guide the bidding plans in line with the planning contents, which verifies the importance, scientific feature and necessity of the demonstration in the first-phase plan stage for key projects.%系统分析了亚运村各个地段的滨水景观空间形态类型和各类景观要素,分析了岭南水乡文化特色,为造景提供了创作素材,重点提炼民间体育文化与亚运文化的对接,设定了亚运城各个地段的景点设计主题和设计要点,引导按照策划内容进行的投标方案,验证了重点项目前期策划阶段论证的重要性、科学性与必要性.

  2. Discussion on the city waterfront landscape planning and design%浅谈城市滨水景观规划设计-以泮河泰肥铁路-泰山大街段东侧绿地带景观规划设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹金桂; 王秋晓

    2015-01-01

    taking Taishan Street on the east side of green space landscape planning and design of Pan River of Tai’an City Thai fertilizer railway as an example, summarizes the urban waterfront landscape planning and design principles of the original ecological landscape, especially the water resources are beneficial to explore and positive use of the ecological restoration design in accordance with the law of the sustainable development and the rest one, establish scientific artificial plant landscape, to create a beautiful landscape.%以泰安市泮河泰肥铁路—泰山大街段东侧绿地景观规划设计为例,归纳出城市滨水景观规划设计的原则,对其原有生态景观,特别是水体资源进行有益的发掘和积极的利用,按照可持续发展和人的休憩规律进行生态恢复性设计,建立科学的人工植物景观,创造优美的园林景观。

  3. 城市滨水区景观概念性规划设计浅析--以四川省泸州市沱江两岸景观概念性城市设计为例%Discussion on the conceptual planning design of city waterfront landscape--With the Urban Design of the conceptual planning design of both sides of Tuojiang River in Luzhou City,Sichuan ao an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛

    2014-01-01

    This article is from the characteristics of city waterfront landscape of the conceptual design,it unites concrete practice of Tuojiang River in Luzhou City of landscape conceptual plan and discuss the function,planning concept and the overal structure of space of both sides of Tuojiang River in Luzhou City.%文章从城市滨水区景观概念性设计的特点出发,结合泸州市沱江两岸景观概念性规划的具体实践,对泸州市沱江两岸的功能定位、规划构思、总体空间结构进行了探讨。

  4. Multi-dimension Influential Factors of Tourist Satisfaction in the Ancient Waterfront Towns in the South of the Changjiang River%江南水乡游客满意度的多维度影响因素测量模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟士恩; 章锦河; 丁蕾; 万绪才; 钟静; 吴丽敏

    2016-01-01

    以江南水乡实证为例,从资源价值维度、旅游功能维度、心理满足维度、场所环境维度、负面评价维度等5个维度,探讨江南水乡游客满意度的多维度影响因素。偏最小二乘法回归显示,就江南水乡这种特定类型的旅游地而言,各个维度的影响重要性依次是:资源价值维度(0.203)>场所环境维度(0.183)>旅游功能维度(0.179)>心理满足维度(0.173)>负面评价维度(0.072)。重要的实践指示意义在于,对不同类型的旅游地应该进行针对性的游客满意度测评,包括其多维度的影响因素设计,及其影响因素可能存在的不同影响重要性的组合顺序。%Tourist satisfaction is the core concept of tourism management and tourism research. As this concept is introduced from the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) in business discipline, which can be sum-marized as the“Expectations-Value-Quality”theory. ACSI’s suitability, especially its antecedents section, in tourism discipline is questioned in this article. The definition of the traditional tourist satisfaction and its ac-cording assessment have fallen into a serious risk of simplicity. This article points out that it needs to put tour-ism in its place, which is a characteristic human-land phenomenon, while not to put tourism just in business. The tourist satisfaction of a specific tourist place requires a specific index system. The positive research on the Ancient Waterfront Towns in the south of the Changjiang River, demonstrates that we should put tourist satis-faction in the specific tourist place. The index system of the positive research is made up of 5 dimensions, i.e., the heritage value dimension, the tourist function dimension, the psychological satisfaction dimension, the place environment dimension, and the negative evaluation dimension. The casual relationships among the 5 di-mensions and the dependent variable

  5. Winona, Minnesota Flood Control Project and Waterfront Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    8217Ioinship 111 %,north. Range 18 West; and for that portion of tlh AUlnuesota River from the mouth of the Pomme de Terre Ii er (’i( itnhip 12() Nw.1h. I’.ve...FROM AUSTIN 7C, Ti;E MINNESOTA-IOWA BORDER, THE MINNESOTA RIVER FROM THE MOUTH OF THE POMME DE rFh!RE RIVER AND INCLUDING MARSN LAKE TO MANKATO, AND

  6. General Criteria for Waterfront Construction. Design Manual 25.6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-01

    25.6-43 INCLINED qTIRRUPS , NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT SUPPORT- ._SUPPORT POSITIVE REINFOC ENT I) CONSTRUCTION CRACK N\\CRACKS LINES OF TENSILE STRESS...Pue to Cracking of Reinforced Co rrete Member 25.6-44 II STIRRU EAM NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT SU P RI Z.. .. SUPPORT POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT I

  7. Aed: kaldapealne = Garden: the waterfront / Eva Kedelauk, Maie Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kedelauk, Eva

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise osakonna III kursuse 2009-2012 aastail erialase projekteerimise raames loodud lahendus, kus Admiraliteedi basseini kaldal kulgeva promenaadi linna suunas deformeerumine loob raekoja ja projekt pakub välja linnaehitusliku tiheduse jätkamise

  8. Waterfront Damage Repair for Amphibious and Advanced Bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    training, and experience are required for the ultrasonic technician to obtain repeatable results.1 (2) Magnetic Particle Inspection ( MPI ) : The phenomenon...for testing metallic structures only. MPI is further restricted to detection of surface cracks of ferrous materials. These techniques may also be...r’IN- RICH Z--I STENT CIC AULV Figure 2-40 -Rubble Foundation (Ref. 10). 2-87 Table 2-28. Planning and Estimating for Rubble Foundation Description of

  9. Harbourscape Aalborg - Design Based Methods in Waterfront Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    an independent contribution to the visioning process on urban development, city life planning and landscaping, but this has to be based on a “non-dogmatic” approach in the architectural and urban space design. This involves, among other aspects, the combination of independent evaluation and discourse analyses...

  10. Aed: kaldapealne = Garden: the waterfront / Eva Kedelauk, Maie Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kedelauk, Eva

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise osakonna III kursuse 2009-2012 aastail erialase projekteerimise raames loodud lahendus, kus Admiraliteedi basseini kaldal kulgeva promenaadi linna suunas deformeerumine loob raekoja ja projekt pakub välja linnaehitusliku tiheduse jätkamise

  11. On the waterfront: water distribution, technology and agrarian change in a south India canal irrigation system.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mollinga, P.P.

    1998-01-01

    This book discusses water distribution in the Tungabhadra Left Bank Canal irrigation system in Raichur district, Karnataka, India. The system is located in interior South India, where rainfall is limited (approximately 600 mm annually) and extremely variable. The region suffered from failed harvests

  12. Environmental Assessment for Waterfront Facilities Maintenance and Improvements, Pearl Harbor Naval Complex, Oahu, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    species within the greater Pearl Harbor area include the hawksbill turtle (Eretomochelys imbricate) and the humpback whale ( Megaptera novaeangliae ...Branch), and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899, as appropriate. The No Action Alternative would not impact any of these resources

  13. Waterfront on the Martian Planitia: Algorithmic emergent catchments on disordered terrain

    CERN Document Server

    Handmer, Casey J

    2016-01-01

    Under a terraforming scenario, a reactivated hydrological cycle on Mars will result in upwards movement of water due to evaporation and precipitation. If Mars' embryonic fossilized catchments provide inadequate drainage, Mars' limited supplies of water may be absorbed entirely by crater lakes and glaciers, with negative consequences for the terraforming effort. We demonstrate a stable, convergent algorithm for the efficient modeling of water flow over disordered terrain. This model is applied to Mars Orbital Laser Altimeter data and successfully predicts the formation of fossilized waterways and canyons visible only at much higher resolution. This exploratory study suggests that despite its impossibly rugged appearance, ancient water flows have carved channels that provide effective drainage over the majority of Mars' surface. We also provide one possible reconstruction of a terraformed surface water distribution.

  14. On the waterfront : water distribution, technology and agrarian change in a South Indian canal irrigation system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mollinga, P.P.

    1998-01-01

    This book discusses water distribution in the Tungabhadra Left Bank Canal irrigation system in Raichur district, Karnataka, India. The system is located in interior South India, where rainfall is limited (approximately 600 mm annually) and extremely variable. The region suffered from failed

  15. Prime waterfront real estate: Apple snails choose wild taro for oviposition sites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Colin H. KYLE; Alexis W. KROPF; Romi L. BURKS

    2011-01-01

    While difficult to prevent introductions,scientific research can help guide control efforts of exotic,invasive species.South American island apple snails Pomacea insularum have quickly spread across the United States Gulf Coast and few control measures exist to delay their spread.Usually occupying cryptic benthic habitats,female apple snails crawl out of the water to deposit large,bright pink egg clutches on emergent objects.To help identify the most likely place to find and remove clutches,we conducted four lab experiments to investigate what specific object qualities (i.e.material; shape and height; plant species; natural and artificial) amacted P.insularum females to lay clutches.In our fourth experiment,we specifically examined the relationship between female size and reproductive output.To further understand reproductive output,we quantified experimental clutch characteristics (height above water,dimensions,mass,approximate volume,number of eggs,hatching efficiency).Pomacea insularum females laid more clutches on plant material,chose round over flat surfaces and failed to differentiate between tall and short structures.In comparison to a common native plant in the eastern US,Pontederia cordata,snails clearly preferred to lay clutches on a widely distributed exotic,invasive plant (wild taro,Colocasia esculenta).Unexpectedly,smaller snails showed higher overall total fecundity as well as more eggs per clutch than larger snails.Therefore,hand removal efforts of large females may not be enough to slow down clutch production.Collectively,our results indicate that conservationists and managers should search emergent plants for P.insularum clutches carefully to guard against established populations [Current Zoology 57 (5):630-641,2011].

  16. Prime waterfront real estate: Apple snails choose wild taro for oviposition sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin H. KYLE, Alexis W. KROPF, Romi L. BURKS

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available While difficult to prevent introductions, scientific research can help guide control efforts of exotic, invasive species. South American island apple snails Pomacea insularum have quickly spread across the United States Gulf Coast and few control measures exist to delay their spread. Usually occupying cryptic benthic habitats, female apple snails crawl out of the water to deposit large, bright pink egg clutches on emergent objects. To help identify the most likely place to find and remove clutches, we conducted four lab experiments to investigate what specific object qualities (i.e. material; shape and height; plant species; natural and artificial attracted P. insularum females to lay clutches. In our fourth experiment, we specifically examined the relationship between female size and reproductive output. To further understand reproductive output, we quantified experimental clutch chara- cteristics (height above water, dimensions, mass, approximate volume, number of eggs, hatching efficiency. Pomacea insularum females laid more clutches on plant material, chose round over flat surfaces and failed to differentiate between tall and short structures. In comparison to a common native plant in the eastern US, Pontederia cordata, snails clearly preferred to lay clutches on a widely distributed exotic, invasive plant (wild taro, Colocasia esculenta. Unexpectedly, smaller snails showed higher overall total fecundity as well as more eggs per clutch than larger snails. Therefore, hand removal efforts of large females may not be enough to slow down clutch production. Collectively, our results indicate that conservationists and managers should search emergent plants for P. insularum clutches carefully to guard against established populations [Current Zoology 57 (5: 630–641, 2011].

  17. Seafloor integrity down the harbor waterfront: the coralligenous shoals off Vado Ligure (NW Mediterranean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Gatti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last ten years, European Directives stressed the necessity to assess the ecological status of marine habitats by means of ecosystem or landscape indicators, rather than just species or chemical ones. In this paper, the seascape approach to characterise and assess the ecological quality of coralligenous rocky shoals of Vado Ligure (Savona, Italy is introduced. This approach integrates biological, mesological and geomorphological information collected with a Rapid Visual Assessment technique (RVA. The RVA also optimised underwater operations in deep waters where coralligenous reefs usually develop and provided a sufficient amount of data collected by direct inspection. The seascape approach results are appropriate for the characterisation of the coralligenous shoals studied and for the assessment of their ecological quality. The quality of the assemblages was in general low, mainly due to high sedimentary stress; however, some exceptions showing a high ecological quality indicate that, with proper manage- ment tools, they would still have good potentialities of recovery.

  18. 77 FR 19544 - Regulated Navigation Area, Zidell Waterfront Property, Willamette River, OR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... shipbuilding and dismantling, scrap metal operations, wire burning, aluminum smelting, and housing construction... will not limit vessels from transiting or using the waters covered, except for activities that may...) Regulated Navigation Area. The following area is a regulated navigation area: All waters within the...

  19. Kirju sadam : High Tech Center, Tammasaarenkatu, Helsingi = On the waterfront : High Tech Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Projekt koosneb viiest hoonest, millest neli asetsevad mere ääres Tammasaare tänaval ja viies Kaapeli väljakul. Projekteerija: arhitektibüroo Wartiainen, Evata Finland. Autor Kai Wartiainen. Valmis 2002. I korruse plaan, 4 välis ja 2 sisevaadet

  20. 查尔斯顿滨水公园%Charleston Waterfront Park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马太·麦克库恩; 胡宾

    2007-01-01

    在地方领导和Sasaki的密切合作下,查尔斯顿滨水公园树立了一个保护滨水区公共空间的典范。Sasaki的景观设计师们把公众的理想变成了现实。充满创意的设计将可持续发展和城市设计的理念融入了景观建筑。自公园建成以来,它一直是查尔斯顿市的投资催化剂.为这个城市创造了比私人开发更大的价值。现在.这个公园已经成为深受人们喜爱的城市变迁的象征。

  1. Kirju sadam : High Tech Center, Tammasaarenkatu, Helsingi = On the waterfront : High Tech Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Projekt koosneb viiest hoonest, millest neli asetsevad mere ääres Tammasaare tänaval ja viies Kaapeli väljakul. Projekteerija: arhitektibüroo Wartiainen, Evata Finland. Autor Kai Wartiainen. Valmis 2002. I korruse plaan, 4 välis ja 2 sisevaadet

  2. On the Waterfront: Truth and Fiction in Postcolonial Cinema from the South of Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ponzanesi, S.

    2016-01-01

    This essay deals with the role of postcolonial cinema in articulating and visualizing issues of migration, uprooting and alienation, with specific relation to Europe and the Southern Mediterranean shore. Cinema as a transnational medium is particularly suitable for conveying denunciation and social

  3. Synergetic Temporary Use for the Enhancement of Historic Centers: The Pilot Project for the Naples Waterfront

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandro Sgobbo; Francesco Domenico Moccia

    2016-01-01

    The paper reports the results of a phase of the research Project “Urban Eco-efficiency,” developed by the Architecture Department at the University of Naples Federico II, in collaboration with the regional section of the CeNSU. The thesis is the efficiency of incremental processes through temporary installations and uses in order to insert in historic centers innovative architectures and functions that are aimed at eco-efficient transformations. The experimentation conducted through the progr...

  4. 33 CFR 127.205 - Emergency shutdown.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Equipment § 127.205 Emergency shutdown. Each...

  5. 33 CFR 127.107 - Electrical power systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas § 127.107 Electrical power systems. (a) The...

  6. 33 CFR 127.309 - Operations Manual and Emergency Manual: Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SECURITY (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.309...

  7. 33 CFR 127.111 - Communications systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas § 127.111 Communications systems. (a) The...

  8. 33 CFR 127.311 - Motor vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.311 Motor vehicles. (a) The...

  9. 33 CFR 127.709 - Protective enclosures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Security § 127.709 Protective enclosures. The...

  10. 33 CFR 127.403 - Inspections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Maintenance § 127.403 Inspections. The operator...

  11. 33 CFR 127.113 - Warning signs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas § 127.113 Warning signs. (a) The marine transfer...

  12. 33 CFR 127.501 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Personnel Training § 127.501 Applicability. The...

  13. 33 CFR 127.609 - Dry chemical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.609 Dry chemical systems. (a)...

  14. 33 CFR 127.307 - Emergency Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.307 Emergency Manual. Each...

  15. 33 CFR 127.315 - Preliminary transfer inspection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.315 Preliminary...

  16. 33 CFR 127.401 - Maintenance: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Maintenance § 127.401 Maintenance: General. The...

  17. 33 CFR 127.607 - Fire main systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.607 Fire main systems. (a)...

  18. 33 CFR 127.313 - Bulk storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.313 Bulk storage. (a) The...

  19. 33 CFR 127.605 - Emergency outfits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.605 Emergency outfits. (a) There...

  20. 33 CFR 127.305 - Operations Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.305 Operations Manual. Each...

  1. 33 CFR 127.303 - Compliance with suspension order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.303 Compliance...

  2. 33 CFR 127.317 - Declaration of inspection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.317 Declaration...

  3. 33 CFR 127.701 - Security on existing facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Security § 127.701 Security on...

  4. 33 CFR 127.103 - Piers and wharves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas § 127.103 Piers and wharves. (a) If the...

  5. 33 CFR 127.601 - Fire equipment: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.601 Fire equipment: General. (a)...

  6. 33 CFR 127.603 - Portable fire extinguishers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.603 Portable...

  7. 33 CFR 127.503 - Training: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Personnel Training § 127.503 Training: General....

  8. 33 CFR 127.711 - Communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Security § 127.711 Communications. The marine...

  9. 33 CFR 127.207 - Warning alarms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Equipment § 127.207 Warning alarms. (a) The...

  10. 33 CFR 127.707 - Security personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Security § 127.707 Security personnel. The...

  11. The Waterfront of Naples in the New Master Plan Il fronte marittimo di Napoli nel nuovo Piano Regolatore Generale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Giannì

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available  The paper suggests a synthetic summary of the main elements involved in the complex process of requalification of Naples coastline, starting from the new general town plan. The requalification of the coastline and the reconstitution of a true relationship of city and sea is one of the crucial actions of the strategy established by the new Master Plan in order to offer an high urban quality to Naples. In the Master Plan the whole coastline, from La Pietra to Pietrarsa, is subjected to the approval of an Executive Plan (Piano Urbanistico Attuativo that, for few segments covered by environmental planning, such as Posillipo, is required also by the landscape plan in force, in order to suggest planning and operative solutions to the current safeguarding action. The development of the UIP is still in progress and the Municipal Urban Planning Department has been given the task of it. As it occurred in similar occasions, the operating choice consists in making an implementing planning for sections, placed anyway into a unitary basic design and formal framework which define the fundamental strategy and goals. The reconstitution of the relationship between city and sea is pursued in three different ways: a improvement of the accesses to the sea, which at present are forbidden in several stretches of the coast; b improvement of the coast infrastructure, on different levels, from swimming to harbour ones; c realization of a coast infrastructure and equipment system articulated and distributed in different ways: infrastructure specifically targeted to improve the mobility along the coast, characterized by high congestion of the metropolitan area; equipment specifically targeted to facilitate the use of the coast as unique, extraordinary infrastructure for free time, amusements and enjoyment of natural resources. All those modalities should be accomplished in accordance with the safeguard and exploitation of the many historic and environmental resources characterizing the Neapolitan coast. It should be mentioned too that the general town plan states that the coast equipment – starting from the landing places for recreational boating - should not be sized according to the need it expresses, but on the effective availability that the city territory can really offer, taking into account the safeguard of the prevailing requirements of historical, natural and environmental resources. Besides the general town plan hopes that the action on the city coast could be connected, on both sides, with similar initiatives outside the municipal borders. Five years after the approval of the new general town plan, the implementation of the carried out choices shows a combination of implementation planning initiatives and effective realizations that – although with difficulty – begin delineating a new scenario.Il contributo propone un riepilogo sintetico degli elementi salienti del complesso processo di riqualificazione della linea di costa di Napoli partendo dal nuovo piano regolatore. La riqualificazione della linea di costa e la ricostituzione di un rapporto concreto della città con il suo mare è infatti una delle manovre fondamentali della strategia che il nuovo piano regolatore generale si prefigge per dare a Napoli un’elevata qualità urbana. Il Prg assoggetta l’intera linea di costa, da La Pietra a Pietrarsa, all’approvazione di un piano urbanistico attuativo (Pua che, per alcuni tratti coperti da pianificazione ambientale, come Posillipo, è richiesto anche dal piano paesistico vigente, per dare soluzioni pianificatorie e operative all’azione di tutela oggi vigente. La formazione del Pua è attualmente in corso, affidata al dipartimento di pianificazione urbanistica comunale. Come in altre occasioni, la scelta operativa è di condurre una pianificazione attuativa per parti, collocata tuttavia in un disegno di base e in un quadro formale unitari, che definiscono la strategia e gli obiettivi fondamentali. La ricostituzione del rapporto tra la città e il mare si persegue con tre diverse modalità: a il miglioramento delle condizioni di accesso al mare, che oggi sono interdette in vasti settori della costa; b il miglioramento delle infrastrutture costiere, da quelle per la balneazione a quelle portuali, ai diversi livelli; c la formazione di un sistema di infrastrutture e attrezzature costiere, variamente articolato e distribuito: infrastrutture specie per migliorare la mobilità lungo la costa, dove si concentrano i maggiori fenomeni di congestione sul territorio dell’area metropolitana; attrezzature, in special modo quelle che consentano di usare la costa come un’unica, straordinaria infrastruttura per il tempo libero, la ricreazione, il godimento delle risorse naturali. L’insieme di queste modalità devono essere praticate compatibilmente con la tutela e la valorizzazione delle risorse storiche e ambientali di cui la costa napoletana è particolarmente ricca. E’ bene ricordare infatti che il Prg stabilisce che le attrezzature costiere –a cominciare dagli approdi per la nautica da diporto- non debbano essere dimensionate sul fabbisogno che esse esprimono, ma sulla reale disponibilità che il territorio cittadino può concretamente offrire, in ragione delle prevalenti esigenze di salvaguardia delle risorse storiche, naturalistiche e ambientali. Il piano regolatore auspica inoltre che l’azione sulla costa cittadina possa connettersi, su entrambi i versanti, con iniziative delle stesso segno fuori dai confini comunali. A circa cinque anni dall’approvazione del nuovo Prg, l’attuazione delle scelte compiute vede un intreccio di iniziative di pianificazione attuativa e di concrete realizzazioni che –sia pure faticosamente- cominciano a delineare il nuovo scenario.

  12. 33 CFR 127.407 - Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Maintenance § 127.407 Testing. (a) The operator shall pressure...

  13. 33 CFR 127.617 - Hotwork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.617 Hotwork. The operator shall ensure that...

  14. 33 CFR 127.405 - Repairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Maintenance § 127.405 Repairs. The operator shall ensure that—...

  15. Evaluation on the Tree Species of Park Waterfront Green Space in Nanning%南宁市公园滨水绿地树种应用评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马多; 林建勇; 郑羡; 陈心明

    2015-01-01

    对南宁市公园常见滨水绿地植物进行研究,通过AHP法和TOPSIS法构建评价模型,对扁桃(Mangifera persiciformis)、小叶榕(Ficus microcarpa)、含笑(Magnolia figo)等62种树种进行评价并得出综合排名.分析了成因,并为树种的选择及配置提出了建议.

  16. Electrial Resistance Probe Corrosion Sensors for In-Situ Assessment for Waterfront Structures, FY09 OSD Project F09NV04

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    saltwater and protect the connection from corrosion (Figures 2-3 and 2-4). 4 Figure 2-2. Schematic of ER probe installation Figure 2-3...to prevent water intrusion into the conduit system (Figure 2-6). The intent of this process was to ensure that this assembly would be installed such...that an open end of the conduit system would not be submerged below water during installation, thereby minimizing water intrusion into the conduit

  17. Urban Waterfront Renovation Strategy Study in Xiagang Area%厦门市厦港避风坞改造策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶怀仁

    2012-01-01

    This urban renewal project was conducted at the Xiagang District Harbor in Xiamen, China. This project attempts to salvage the village from befng demolished to make way for commercial development. Interviews and surveys were conducted with the local residents to determine their connection to the village Owing to the proximity of the site to a local art gallery, this project proposes that the village is re- imagined as an "artists' village." Extensive surveys were taken of the structures on the site, their overall condition, as we~l as other distinguishing features and landmarks. Some structures were deemed irreparable, owlng to their general state of decay, while others can be restored The final section details the process of planning for this new community.%这个城市更新与改造的项目位于厦门市厦港片区避风坞。由于港口八海口处新建的高槊桥。阻碍了船只的进出,导致了传统渔业的衰败,这个曾经一度熙熙攘攘的渔村如今已经残败不堪。本项目意图使渔村避免被碾为平地以用来作商业发展。由于基地临界一个当地美术馆的有利条件,提出了将场地童新改建为一个综合社医型的艺术家村落的建议。改建的过程中,对基地的建筑物和构筑物进行了洋尽的调研,包括它们的综合条件和各自突出的特点,眦厦具有地标性质的建筑或结构。其中一些结构已是病八膏肓无法挽回,而另外一些则可以被修复。文章的最后一部分则详细地说明了改建的过程。

  18. LATERAL DISPERSAL OF ADULT AQUATIC INSECTS FOLLOWING EMERGENCE FROM THE MIDDLE REACHES OF THE CHIKUMA RIVER(HONSHU ISLAND,JAPAN)IN RELATION TO WATERFRONT VEGETATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kimio; HIRABAYASHI; Goro; KIMURA; Yachiyo; FUKUNAGA; Kumiko; TSUKADA; Makoto; ANDO; Atsushi; HATTORI

    2006-01-01

    Adults of aquatic insects emerge fromstreamslive inthe nearby riparian zone where they can select streamsidevegetations as preferred sites in order to(a)completemetamorphosis,(b)rest while awaiting proper swarmingtime,(c)feedin order to produce eggs,or(d)mate toreproduce[1—3].Most adult aquatic insect dispersal studies have fo-cused on quantifying the degree of upstream move-ment[4,5].Some researchers have shown distinct patternsof upstreammovement related to post-mating ovipositionalbehavior[6],while there...

  19. 33 CFR 127.613 - Smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.613 Smoking. In the marine transfer area for...

  20. 33 CFR 127.615 - Fires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Firefighting § 127.615 Fires. In the marine transfer area for...

  1. 33 CFR 127.409 - Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Maintenance § 127.409 Records. (a) The operator shall keep on...

  2. On the Ecological Restoration Mode of Urban Water Revetment Landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yicheng; WANG; Hui; LIN

    2014-01-01

    Urban waterfront revetment is a special zone between water and land,with high ecological,economic and aesthetic value. Waterfront revetment landscape is not only an important part of urban water and land ecosystems,but also an integral part of the city. Based on the current situation of ecological environment of waterfront revetment landscape,we come up with different ecological restoration modes for different types of revetment,to achieve the organic integration of waterfront revetment landscape and ecology.

  3. 33 CFR 127.203 - Portable gas detectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Equipment § 127.203 Portable gas detectors. The marine... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Portable gas detectors....

  4. 33 CFR 127.201 - Sensing and alarm systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT FACILITIES WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND LIQUEFIED HAZARDOUS GAS Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Equipment § 127.201 Sensing and alarm systems. (a) Fixed sensors must have audio and visual alarms in the control room and audio alarms...

  5. El proceso de remodelación del waterfront de Génova y los proyectos de Renzo Piano desde los años 80 hasta el Blue Print

    OpenAIRE

    Gastaldi, Francesco; Camerin, Federico

    2017-01-01

    El trabajo se divide en tres partes: la primera describe la historia de la recuperación de las funciones urbanas del Puerto Antiguo de Génova, el llamado Porto Antico, por la Expo de 1992, la segunda y la tercera reconstruyen respectivamente las crónicas de las dos propuestas “Affresco” de 2004 y “Blue Print” de 2014 elaboradas por el arquitecto Renzo Piano para la reorganización general del frente marítimo. El Affresco se refiere al área de la Feria del Mar, hasta Voltri, el extremo oeste de...

  6. 77 FR 26745 - Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... and sustainability, working waterfronts, revisions to MAFAC's Vision 2020 report, and current protected resources issues. Updates will be presented on Gulf of Mexico restoration activities, National...

  7. 46 CFR 387.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., transshipment and receiving stations, marinas, foreign trade zones, shipyards, industrial property, fishing and aquaculture structures, mixed use waterfront complexes, connecting channels and port landside...

  8. 33 CFR 127.321 - Release of LNG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Release of LNG. 127.321 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.321 Release of LNG. (a) The operator of the waterfront facility handling LNG shall ensure that— (1) No person releases LNG into the...

  9. 33 CFR 127.319 - LNG transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false LNG transfer. 127.319 Section 127... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Operations § 127.319 LNG transfer. During LNG transfer operations, the following must be met: (a) The operator of the waterfront facility handling LNG shall...

  10. 75 FR 8427 - Civil Supersonic Aircraft Panel Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... America and NOISE-CON 2010 and it will be held at the Baltimore Marriott Waterfront Hotel, Grand Ballroom... Society of America and ] NOISE-CON 2010. It will be held at the Baltimore Marriott Waterfront Hotel, Grand... Space Administration (NASA), and industry to get feedback from interested persons. Public involvement...

  11. 33 CFR 125.23 - United States citizens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES IDENTIFICATION CREDENTIALS FOR PERSONS REQUIRING ACCESS TO WATERFRONT FACILITIES OR... this section in the order of its desirability; however, the Coast Guard will reject any evidence not believed to be authentic; (a) Birth certificate or certified copy thereof. (b) Certificate...

  12. 33 CFR 125.39 - Notice by Hearing Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES IDENTIFICATION CREDENTIALS FOR PERSONS REQUIRING ACCESS TO WATERFRONT FACILITIES OR... of the members of the Hearing Board, their occupations, and the businesses or organizations with... that if within 10 days after receipt of the notice he does not request an opportunity to appear...

  13. 77 FR 73311 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... waters of San Francisco Bay adjacent to the City of San Francisco waterfront in the vicinity of the... access to pier space and facilities along the City of San Francisco waterfront and to minimize other...-September 23, 2013). An image illustrating the location of the transit zone is available in the docket....

  14. RadTown USA: Basic Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Burbs Countryside Waterfront Downtown Did you know? RadTown Games Educational Materials Bring RadTown into the classroom with lesson ... click! Area Navigation Home Burbs Countryside Waterfront Downtown Educational Materials RadTown A to Z Games Link to Us Glossary Subscribe to Listserv News ...

  15. 33 CFR 126.28 - Ammonium nitrate, ammonium nitrate fertilizers, fertilizer mixtures, or nitro carbo nitrate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ammonium nitrate, ammonium nitrate fertilizers, fertilizer mixtures, or nitro carbo nitrate; general provisions. 126.28 Section 126...) WATERFRONT FACILITIES HANDLING OF DANGEROUS CARGO AT WATERFRONT FACILITIES § 126.28 Ammonium...

  16. 百年外滩,再塑经典——上海外滩滨水区城市设计暨修建性详细规划%Remodeled Classic, the Centenary Shanghai Bund: Detailed Plan of the Urban Design & Site Plan of Shanghai Bund Waterfront

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奚文沁; 徐玮

    2011-01-01

    @@ 外滩,坐落于黄浦江畔,是近代上海城市的发源地.在一个半世纪的历史中,外滩由开埠之初的滩涂码头,逐步发展成为上海最具标志性的景观区域和最负盛名的公共活动场所.

  17. The Change Pattern of the PM10 Concentrations of Waterfront Green Space Plant Communities of West Lake Scenic Area%西湖景区滨水绿地植物群落可吸入颗粒物PM10浓度变化规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵越; 金荷仙

    2012-01-01

    The representative water region plant communities of the Huagangguanyu Park, Prince Bay Park, and Turtle Pond Park were selected to measure and analyze PM10. The experiment showed the following results: 1) the change feature of PM10 diurnal variation trends from high to low and then gradually rise again, and it gets peaks from 9:00 to 10:00; 2) the order of plant communities' PM10 concentrations is: Autumn > Summer > Spring > Winter, and the winter PM10 concentration is 0.0491mg·m-3, which is close to the level 1 standard, and the air quality is very good; 3) the order of PM10 concentrations of different structures of plant communities is: contrast > lawn > shrub-grass > arbor-grass > arbor-bush-grass, and the PM10 figures of all kinds of green space types are obviously lower than that of road.%对杭州西湖景区花港观鱼、太子湾公园、乌龟潭等具有代表性滨水绿地植物群落的可吸入颗粒物PM10浓度进行了测定,并进行相关的分析.结果表明:1)PM10日变化规律中,PM10浓度变化趋势为由高到低再逐渐升高,在9:00-10:00时间段质量浓度最高;2)植物群落PM10年浓度变化排序为:秋季>夏季>春季>冬季,冬天PM10浓度平均值为0.049 1mg·m-3,接近一级标准,空气质量非常好;3)不同结构植物群落PM 10由高到低依次为:对照>草坪>灌草>乔草>乔灌草,PM10各种绿地类型明显低于道路.

  18. 历史场景中的都市生活--沪、汉两地近代城市滨水空间的建筑人类学比较研究%The Urban Life in Historical Settings:Architectural Anthropological Comparative Studies on Waterfront Spaces in Shanghai and Wuhan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严何

    2014-01-01

    From the angle of the metropolis anthropology, this paper analyze the two“Bund”between Wuhan& Shanghai by comparing the urban-culture character, architectural style, and setting. In this way, the author try to discuss the relationship between the historical urban-space and people.%本文通过对城市文化心理、建筑风格、场景事件的异同比较,以都市人类学的角度分析了近代上海、武汉的城市滨水空间特征,以此探讨作为布景的建筑环境与人之间的关系。

  19. Urban Design of Ecological&Comprehensive Urban Waterfront District--Regulatory Planning of Shanghai Qiantan Area, Huangpu River Side%生态型、复合性城市滨水区城市设计--以上海黄浦江沿岸前滩地区规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭鉴

    2012-01-01

      前滩地区的规划设计是落实上海城市整体发展目标的重要举措。从前滩地区三大规划理念为引导,结合地区特征和上海城市发展导向,介绍规划方案的目标确立、功能定位、理念落实等方面,希望能对类似地区的规划起到拓展思路、开拓视野的作用。%  The planning and design of Qiantan Area is an important measure to implement the city’s overal goal. This article expands from three design concepts of Qiantan Area, combined with regional characteristics and urban development, analyzes the project from the planning target, functional orientation and planning concept. And the article aims to expand ideas and opens up view for planning of similar areas.

  20. Extending History Context and Manifesting Region Culture --A Case Study of Plan Design of Waterfront Landscape of Qinhe River in Handan City%延续历史文脉体现地域文化——邯郸市沁河滨水景观规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继东; 杨思勇

    2012-01-01

    Taking the plan design of water landscape of Qinhe River in Handan City, Hebei Province as an ex ample, this paper discusses how to fully unearth the region culture characteristics and integrate the tradition al culture into the modern urban construction,in order to create people--oriented and full of local character istics water landscape.%以河北省邯郸市沁河滨水景观规划设计为例,探讨了在城市景观创造过程中,如何充分挖掘地域文化特性,将传统文化融入现代城市建设中,创造以人为本、富有地方特色的城市滨水景观。

  1. 滨水空间景观的生态改造--以水城河景观规划改造项目为例%The Eco-renovation of Waterfront landscape - A Riverine Landscape Design and Planning in Shuicheng (Phase I)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      河流作为城市空间格局和生态系统的重要组成部分,对城市生态环境和市民休闲游憩起着重要的作用。以六盘水市水城河景观改造一期项目为个案,从河道的区位环境等方面入手,分析其景观特点及景观改造的原则,重点关注其对原有沿岸景观的发现、保护和生态改造。尤其是将新景观融入河道周围环境的方法,在营造良好视觉和空间体验的同时,使改造设计具有本土性、地域性和场所性,其场地特点和地域生态得到重新的诠释和展现,使河道景观得到延续并产生综合生态效益。%Rivers are crucia limplements of shaping the space of city and maintaining ecological balance. Now the ‘urban river’ still plays an important role in improving urban ecological environment and providing recreational space for local residents. This research is based on a case study of a riverine landscape design and planning in Shuicheng (Phase I) and mainly focus on the process of searching, conserving and rejuvenating the original riverside ecosystems. The research also analyse the characteristics of the landscape and the principles of landscape renovation by investigating and observing the site. The primary design intention of this case study was to integrate the new landscape with the existing surroundings and to derive its poetics from the qualities of its natural landscape. The landscape design provides visitors an impressive virtual and spatial experience and creates a sense of aboriginality, regionalism and localization. The design also redefined the definition of site characters and local ecologies. Together, these features optimized the local ecosystems and extended its riverine landscape.

  2. 基于人体热舒适的厦门滨水公寓式住宅的气候适应性探究%The research on climate adaptation of apartment-style housing at Xiamen Waterfront based on human thermal comfort

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温大航; 申晓辉

    2013-01-01

    本文以厦门滨水板式公寓式住宅为研究客体,以气候适应性为研究对象,从人体的热舒适的角度分析问题,通过大量的数据分析,得出结论并将其指导应用于气候适应性设计,为地区的节能减排做出力所能及的贡献.

  3. Onderzoek naar de affecten van de aanleg van damwanden en grondverdichting op tandwalvissen in het Dolfinarium Harderwijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, de D.

    2013-01-01

    Voor het vaststellen van de effecten van de aanleg van damwandinstallaties en grondverdichting als onderdelen van het grootschalig bouwplan Waterfront Harderwijk van de gemeente Harderwijk werden op vijf verschillende locaties van het bouwplan installaties gesimuleerd en de geluidseffecten daarvan i

  4. Lagos, Nigeria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Glenna Gordon

    2015-01-01

    ...) because he likes hanging out with people -- whether it's taking them to Makoko, a slum on Lagos' waterfront that, he said, journalists always want to see, or escorting them to the sets of Nollywood...

  5. Sustainable Urban Waters: Opportunities to Integrate Environmental Protection in Multi-objective Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abstract: Nonpoint source pollution is an ongoing challenge for environmental agencies who seek to protect waters of the U.S. Urban stream and waterfront redevelopment projects present opportunities to achieve integrated environmental, economic, and social benefits in urban water...

  6. 2006 Marine Corps Systems Command Advanced Planning Briefing to Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-14

    WIN” Marriott Baltimore Waterfront Hotel Baltimore, Maryland April 13 - 14, 2006 Advanced Planning Briefing to Industry 2006 MARINE CORPS SYSTEMS...Planning Briefing to Industry Day April 13 - 14, 2006, at the Marriott Baltimore Waterfront Hotel , Baltimore, Maryland. The MCSC has not had an...or operations officers will be manning the displays. They will be able to answer questions and make appointments. This kiosk will be giving out MCSC

  7. Essence of Excellence - Lessons from Naval Executives About Superior Performing Tactical and Readiness Staffs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-01

    20 C. DOWN ON THE WATERFRONT .... ............ .21 D. STRONG LEADERSHIP WITH LEAN MANAGEMENT . . . . 22 E. ANY STYLE IS THE RIGHT STYLE, AS...this kind of staff onboard ships and down on the waterfront, not behind a desk waiting for work. These staffs practice leadership with lean management as...find answers." These staffs develop and provide answers to fleet operational problems and they improve overall readiness. D. STRONG LEADERSHIP WITH LEAN

  8. Direcţii generale în dezvoltarea frontului la apă urban – paradigma containerizării

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoş Horia Buhociu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The global transport systems were much improved from the endof the 1960s, through density and network development. In thecontemporary post-Fordist production system the productionfragmentation and the strict following of the just in time principle led to the rapid growth of transports at international level. This reality nurtured the need for proficient logistics, which took place apart from the historical waterfronts sites. With this change, the urban waterfront no longer realize the interface with the port-city in a direct way, but in a symbolic one.

  9. 33 CFR 125.25 - Aliens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aliens. 125.25 Section 125.25 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) WATERFRONT....25 Aliens. Alien registration records together with other papers and documents which indicated the...

  10. 33 CFR 127.1107 - Electrical systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Electrical systems. 127.1107... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Design and Construction § 127.1107 Electrical systems. Electrical equipment and wiring must be of the kind specified by, and must be installed in accordance...

  11. 33 CFR 127.1601 - Smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Smoking. 127.1601 Section 127.1601 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Fire Protection § 127.1601 Smoking. Each operator of...

  12. 33 CFR 127.1311 - Motor vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motor vehicles. 127.1311 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Operations § 127.1311 Motor vehicles. (a) When LHG is... operator shall ensure that no person— (1) Stops or parks a motor vehicle in a space other than a...

  13. 75 FR 11000 - Security Zone; Freeport LNG Basin, Freeport, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; Freeport LNG Basin, Freeport, TX AGENCY... in the Freeport LNG Basin. This security zone is needed to protect vessels, waterfront facilities... notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) entitled Security Zone; Freeport LNG Basin, Freeport, TX in...

  14. 78 FR 19502 - Information Collection Requests to Office of Management and Budget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    ... Handling Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Hazardous Gas (LHG) and 1625-0063, Marine Occupational...: Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Hazardous Gas (LHG). OMB Control Number: 1625-0049. Summary: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and other Liquefied......

  15. 78 FR 42534 - Collection of Information Under Review by Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-16

    ..., Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Hazardous Gas (LHG) and 1625-0063... Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Liquefied Hazardous Gas (LHG). OMB Control Number: 1625-0049. Type Of... facilities that transfer LNG or LHG. Abstract: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and other......

  16. 21st International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Shutthanandan, V.; Wang, Yongqiang; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Rout, Bibhudutta

    2014-08-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B contains the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis (IBA – 2013). This conference was held in Marriott Waterfront in Seattle, Washington, USA during June 23–28, 2013.

  17. Fires. A Joint Publication for U.S. Artillery Professionals. July - August 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    contractors, vendors and even shoppers that the city of Nu’maniyah has gone great lengths to restore its tourism industry by building along the waterfront...resbulletin Fires1 July-August 2010 • The Fires community is online 24/7. Fires Center of Excellence http://www.facebook.com

  18. The Westward Movement of Chinese Export Harbour Views : Significant Paintings with a Social Function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poel, van der R.H.M.

    2012-01-01

    Article (Chapter) in proceedings of the First Rombouts Graduate Conference Globalization and Glocalization in China, at Leiden University, held in Leiden on 6 and 7 September 2011. This article offers a closer examination of Chinese export harbour views and, in doing so, reveals that waterfronts and

  19. Assessing climate change impacts on the stability of small tidal inlet systems: Why and how?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duong, T.; Ranasinghe, Ranasinghe W M R J B; Walstra, D.J.R.; Roelvink, D.

    2016-01-01

    Coastal zones in the vicinity of tidal inlets are commonly utilised for navigation, fishing, sand mining, waterfront development and recreation and are under very high population pressure. Any negative impacts of climate change (CC) on inlet environment are therefore very likely to result in

  20. Evaluating Past and Future USCG Use of Ohmsett Test Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    knots) to simulate ocean current flow. The robust tow bridges are able to accommodate the torque and forces of the largest current turbines and wave...proximity to NWS Earle waterfront, both with service to Wall Street in New York City. Neither ferry allows cars . The Belford Ferry terminal (10 Harbor

  1. 33 CFR 126.27 - General permit for handling dangerous cargo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) in bulk, portable tanks, containers, or packagings, at designated waterfront facilities, conditioned... cargo in limited-quantity packaging. (e) Transport units and portable tanks containing dangerous cargo... in the event of an accident. Cargo not required to be segregated, when in break-bulk form, is...

  2. 76 FR 8372 - Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ... Portsmouth, Virginia to discuss various issues relating to safety in the commercial fishing industry. This... Committee will meet at the Renaissance Portsmouth Hotel and Waterfront Conference Center, 425 Water Street... Department of Homeland Security on matters relating to the safety of commercial fishing industry vessels...

  3. 75 FR 51374 - Regulated Navigation Areas, Safety Zones, Security Zones; Deepwater Ports in Boston Captain of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-20

    ... infrastructure within 1,000 meters of Neptune's STL buoys, and will prohibit vessels from commercial fishing or... regulation to safeguard vessels, harbors, ports, or waterfront facilities from destruction, loss, or injury.... The purpose of these regulated areas is to protect vessels and mariners from the potential...

  4. 75 FR 8491 - Security Zones; Brazos River, Freeport, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-25

    ... vessels, waterfront facilities, and surrounding areas from destruction, loss, or injury caused by... the Port of Freeport. Recreational and commercial fishing vessels are to transit the Brazos River...; Brazos River, Freeport, TX in the Federal Register (74 FR 61305). We received no comments on the...

  5. 77 FR 4501 - Special Local Regulation and Safety Zone; America's Cup Sailing Events, San Francisco, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-30

    ...: Inn Marin, 250 Entrada Dr., Novato, CA 94949; March 8, 2012: Waterfront Hotel, 10 Washington St... Francisco, they propose to take advantage of the natural amphitheater that the Central Bay and City... National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) (15 U.S.C. 272 note) directs agencies to use...

  6. 77 FR 19408 - Dynamic Mobility Applications and Data Capture Management Programs; Notice of Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... Joint Program Office, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department of... May 24, 2012 at the Gaylord National Hotel and Convention Center, 201 Waterfront Street, National... to high-quality, real-time and archived, multi-modal transportation data that is captured from...

  7. Climate change impacts on the stability of small tidal inlets: A numerical modelling study using Realistic Analogue approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duong, T.; Ranasinghe, R.; Luijendijk, A.; Dastgheib, A.; Roelvink, D.

    2012-01-01

    Tidal inlets are of great societal importance as they are often associated with ports and harbours, industry, tourism, recreation and prime waterfront real estate. Their behaviour is governed by the delicate balance of oceanic processes (tides, waves and mean sea level), and fluvial/estuarine proces

  8. Integrating Health and Fairness into Duluth’s Comprehensive Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cities of the Great Lakes are innovators in comprehensive ecosystem-focused urban planning. Beginning with the Plan of Chicago, comprehensive plans have been expressions of a community’s vision for the future, particularly regarding the use of waterfronts. Like Chicago in 1...

  9. 33 CFR 6.12-1 - General supervision and control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General supervision and control... GENERAL PROTECTION AND SECURITY OF VESSELS, HARBORS, AND WATERFRONT FACILITIES Supervision and Control of Explosives or Other Dangerous Cargo § 6.12-1 General supervision and control. The Captain of the Port...

  10. Implementing Engineering With Nature within the Corps: A Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Biology and Environmental Sciences Science Centre West Belfield Dublin 4...infrastructure, and the environment in Martin County FL. The Pocket, a long, narrow estuarine embayment lined with marinas and homes, contained shoals of...O’Leary, JJR, Ltd. Coastal habitat has been severely degraded or destroyed along most of the coasts from waterfront development, ports, marinas

  11. DUMBO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2015-01-01

    activity space, a public domain where different groups relax and observe each other’s celebrations, lunches, and leisure activities. “The role of the carousel along the waterfront cannot be underestimated. It is an example of how a successful collaboration between a private developer and a famous architect...

  12. 76 FR 20524 - Anchorage Regulations; Port of New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ..., Sandy Hook Pilots Association, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers New York District was held on August 31.... 19 West) from the eastern half of the Hudson River to the western half closer to the New Jersey shore... maintain the channel for commercial vessel traffic intending to access New Jersey waterfront and shore...

  13. Assessing climate change impacts on the stability of small tidal inlet systems: Why and how?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duong, T.; Ranasinghe, R.W.M.R.J.; Walstra, D.J.R.; Roelvink, D.

    2016-01-01

    Coastal zones in the vicinity of tidal inlets are commonly utilised for navigation, fishing, sand mining, waterfront development and recreation and are under very high population pressure. Any negative impacts of climate change (CC) on inlet environment are therefore very likely to result in signifi

  14. 77 FR 58913 - Veterans' Rural Health Advisory Committee, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... AFFAIRS Veterans' Rural Health Advisory Committee, Notice of Meeting The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) gives notice under Public Law 92-463 (Federal Advisory Committee Act) that the Veterans' Rural Health Advisory Committee will hold a meeting on October 25-26, 2012, at the Waterfront Place Hotel,...

  15. Statement of Facts for 1980 City-Wide Mock Trial Competitions. Albert Banks and Virginia Smallwood, for Herself and on Behalf of Her Minor Son, Dwayne Jones, Plaintiffs v. Potomac Properties, Inc., Thomas R. Baldwin, and Victoria Reese, Defendants. No. MT-80.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, Washington, DC.

    Prepared by the District of Columbia Street Law Project for its ninth annual city-wide mock trial competition, this instructional handout provides the material for a civil trial over housing discrimination. The plaintiffs are an unmarried couple with a disabled child whose application to live at Waterfront Gardens, a property owned by Potomac…

  16. 76 FR 12075 - Meeting of a Federal Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ...: Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center, 201 Waterfront St., National Harbor, MD 20745. FOR FURTHER CONTACT INFORMATION: Mail Delivery service through Recovering Warrior Task Force, Hoffman Building II, 200... Accountability and Marine Corps Support to Caregivers in the Marine Corps Wounded Warrior Regiment ] 11:30...

  17. 33 CFR 127.1305 - Operations Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operations Manual. 127.1305... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Operations § 127.1305 Operations Manual. Each Operations Manual must contain— (a) A description of each liquid-transfer system and vapor transfer...

  18. 33 CFR 127.1307 - Emergency Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency Manual. 127.1307... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Operations § 127.1307 Emergency Manual. (a) Each Emergency Manual must contain— (1) For each LHG handled— (i) A physical description of the LHG; (ii)...

  19. 33 CFR 127.1309 - Operations Manual and Emergency Manual: Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operations Manual and Emergency Manual: Use. 127.1309 Section 127.1309 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....1309 Operations Manual and Emergency Manual: Use. Each operator of a waterfront facility handling...

  20. Legitimate adaptive flood risk governance beyond the dikes: The cases of Hamburg, Helsinki and Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mees, H.L.P.

    2013-01-01

    This research entailed an international comparative case study on adaptive flood risk governance arrangements for urban waterfront regeneration projects. These projects apply flood risk strategies that aim to reduce the impacts of a flood in addition to preventing the occurrence of a flood so as to

  1. 33 CFR 127.705 - Security systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Security systems. 127.705 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas Security § 127.705 Security systems. The operator shall... manned television monitoring system is used, to detect— (a) Unauthorized personnel; (b) Fires; and (c...

  2. 33 CFR 127.109 - Lighting systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lighting systems. 127.109 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Natural Gas § 127.109 Lighting systems. (a) The marine transfer area for LNG must have a lighting system and separate emergency lighting. (b) All outdoor lighting must be...

  3. 33 CFR 127.1101 - Piping systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Piping systems. 127.1101 Section... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Design and Construction § 127.1101 Piping systems. Each piping system within the marine transfer area for LHG used for the transfer of LHG must meet the...

  4. Unmasking Vandalism: A Case of Social Justice Leadership Complexities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Hartej

    2013-01-01

    Waterfront Elementary School is located in a very affluent neighbourhood in a large urban multicultural school district. The school has some diversity in terms of its student population, but the majority of the students are White and come from upper middle-class families. Ms. Courtney Williams, the principal of the school was transferred to…

  5. The Westward Movement of Chinese Export Harbour Views : Significant Paintings with a Social Function

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poel, van der R.H.M.

    2012-01-01

    Article (Chapter) in proceedings of the First Rombouts Graduate Conference Globalization and Glocalization in China, at Leiden University, held in Leiden on 6 and 7 September 2011. This article offers a closer examination of Chinese export harbour views and, in doing so, reveals that waterfronts and

  6. 78 FR 75939 - Bay Delta Habitat Conservation Plan and Natural Community Conservation Plan, Sacramento, CA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    ...) of North American green sturgeon (Acipenser medirostris). The following 15 listed species are.... to 7 p.m., University Plaza Waterfront Hotel, 110 W Fremont Street, Stockton, CA 95202. 4. Wednesday.... Thursday, January 23, 2014, 3 p.m. to 7 p.m., Red Lion Hotel, 1830 Hilltop Drive, Redding, CA 96002. 6...

  7. 33 CFR 127.1105 - Layout and spacing of marine transfer area for LHG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Layout and spacing of marine transfer area for LHG. 127.1105 Section 127.1105 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF... Construction § 127.1105 Layout and spacing of marine transfer area for LHG. Each new waterfront...

  8. 33 CFR 127.1407 - Tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tests. 127.1407 Section 127.1407... Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Maintenance § 127.1407 Tests. (a) Each operator of a waterfront facility handling LHG shall conduct a static liquid-pressure test of the piping, hoses, and loading arms...

  9. 33 CFR 127.1302 - Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Training. 127.1302 Section 127... Waterfront Facilities Handling Liquefied Hazardous Gas Operations § 127.1302 Training. (a) Each operator of a... transfers for the facility has training in the following subjects: (1) Properties and hazards of each...

  10. Development of Urban Inundation Warning Model at Cyclic Artificial Water Way in Song-do International City, Republic of Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, T.; Lee, C.; Kim, H.

    2016-12-01

    Abstract Song-do international city was constructed by reclaiming land from the coastal waters of Yeonsu-gu, Incheon Metropolitan City, Republic of Korea. The □-shaped cyclic artificial water way has been considered for improving water quality, waterfront and internal drainage in Song-do international city. By improving water quality, various marine facilities, such as marina, artificial beach, marine terminal, and so on, will be set up around the artificial water way for the waterfront. Since the water stage of the artificial water way changes depending on water gates operations, it is necessary to develop an urban inundation warning model to evaluate safeties of the waterfront facilities and its passengers. By considering characteristics of urban watershed, we calculate discharge flowing into the water way using XP-SWMM model. As a result of estimating 100-year flood frequency, although there are slight differences in drainage sections, the maximum flood discharge occurs in 90-min rainfall duration. In order to consider impacts of tide and hydraulic structure, we establish Inland drainage plans through the analysis of unsteady flow using HEC-RAS. The urban inundation warning model is configured to issue a warning when the water plain elevation exceeds EL. 1.5m which is usually managed at EL. 1.0m. In this study, the design flood stage of artificial water way and urban inundation warning model are developed for Song-do international city, and therefore it is expected that a reliability of management and operation of the waterfront facilities is improved. Keywords : Artificial Water Way; Waterfront; Urban Inundation Warning Model. Acknowlegement This research was supported by a grant [MPSS-NH-2015-79] through the Disaster and Safety Management Institute funded by Ministry of Public Safety and Security of Korean government.

  11. The redevelopment of the Copenhagen harbourfront and recent planning strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Khani, Roudaina Al

    2001-01-01

    development principles has been attached to the planning of the redevelopment of the harborfront areas. Nevertheless, this paper shortly presents an evaluation of the urban conversion of the Copenhagen harborfront sites and of their redevelopment strategies with regards to their contribution to sustainable......-use planning policy or a compact city strategy. Promoting a coherent strategy that allocates a greater importance to the urban and regional contexts, to the democracy of the process and to the urban-architectural dimension is a main determinant of the outcome. This paper highlights the recent planning...... be reflected on waterfront redevelopment and its evaluation. It throws light on the redevelopment of the Copenhagen Harborfront and its planning policy and places an emphasis on the city's recent planning strategies. Furthermore, this paper presents an essay on the evaluation of waterfront development...

  12. Landscape design of Jin' an river and Guangming harbor in Fuzhou city%福州市晋安河及光明港景观设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹

    2012-01-01

    通过对福州市晋安河、光明港规划背景进行分析,就项目规划定位、设计理念、策略及构思进行了阐述,并综合考虑沿河城市地块的功能,挖掘滨河城市特色功能区域,从而实现滨河沿线的城市复兴。%Through analyzing the Jin' an river and Guangming harbor planning background in Fuzhou city, the paper describes the project planning orientation, design concept, strategies and concept, comprehensively considers functions of the urban lands along the river, and explores the special functional region of waterfront city, so as to realize the restoration of waterfront cities.

  13. TIPOLOGI SETTING DAN AKTIVITAS REKREASI DI SEPANJANG TUKAD BADUNG, KOTA DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nyoman Gema Endra Persada

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Revitalization of Badung River has provided a significant waterfront for Denpasar. Havingbeen used for irresponsibly disposed waste, this river has now emerged as a significant publicspace. It has promoted diverse recreational activities engaged by urban dwellers of both Denpasarand its surrounding areas. This paper analyses the relationship between numerous spatial settingsalong the river and their contained recreational activities. The potential attraction of each spatialsetting is evaluated by the presence of one or more of the following elements, visible sceneries;aesthetic plants; shade trees; fish; planned space; abandoned or/and vacant land. Meanwhile, typeof activities pertained to recreational function of this waterfront include relaxing; sitting around;fishing; chatting; snacking; resting after work; ceremonial activities; and food vendoring(permanent and non-permanent. The research then makes a connection between each spatialelement and activities to draw certain relationships between space and its use.

  14. Study on the Design of Hall Space with Features of Fitting Place in the Ancient Village%契合场所特征的古村落厅空间设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺鹏飞; 闫芳; 衡苛

    2016-01-01

    This article proposed design policy on hall space of ancient village in the perspective of the features of fitting place, specifically taking the design of waterfront hall space of Ding Li Bay ancient village in Henan as an example. Through analyzing the key place features in ancient villages of water natural elements of Ding Li Bay, the village space elements, waterfront hall space elements etc., this paper will describe the design of waterfront hall space from points of extraction of tea culture, abstract form of mountain, space function design of waterfront hall etc., and summarize the general idea of the village hall space design and implementation methods based on the features of fitting place in order to provide a reference for the ancient village fall space design.%文章以契合场所特征为视角,提出古村落厅空间的设计策略,具体以豫南丁李湾古村落滨水厅空间的设计为例进行研究,通过分析丁李湾的水乡自然要素、村落空间要素、滨水厅空间要素等古村落关键场所特征,从茶文化的提炼、山体形态的抽象、滨水厅空间功能设计等角度进行设计,总结村落厅空间在契合场所特征的基础上进行设计的总体思路和实施手段,以期对古村落厅空间的设计提供参考。

  15. The Shipping Industry Perspective: Implementing the Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-29

    orative software to fully capture industry perspectives and promote in-depth exploration. Representatives included fi rms involved in shipping, port...participants used a collaborative software tool called WebIQ© to enter ideas, comment on one another’s entries, and prioritize among alternatives...labor, and public disagreement over waterfront land use, such as the preference for residential condominiums over indus- trial facilities. One measure

  16. Design and Experimental Testing of Savonius Wind Turbine U Three Blades Type Performance as An Alternative Energy Resource

    OpenAIRE

    Arman, Rizky

    2017-01-01

    Indonesia is famous for its potential natural resource especially energy in the form of mining, water and air. Wind energy is a natural resource that can be obtained for free of charge among the most abundant and available continuously throughout the year. The issue of energy is one of the greatest challenges facing today's society in the world. The utilization of wind energy can be used in sloping areas, mountains, and the waterfront. The principle of conversion of wind energy into electrica...

  17. Landscape planning and design of small basins based on water ecological civilization%基于水生态文明的小流域景观规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐慧; 孟灵芳; 向龙

    2016-01-01

    探讨小流域水生态文明建设方案编制中的水景观规划设计,提出小流域水景观设计的基本原则、设计思路、内容以及具体流程,并以芦江河流域景观规划设计为实例,提出了该流域“一轴两带”的水景观设计方案。结果表明,小流域景观规划设计能将水生态与人们的生活有机融合,重现流域多姿多彩的人文风情和自然风貌,同时,小流域景观规划设计能推动水生态文明建设,两者相辅相成。%In this paper, we discuss waterfront landscape planning and design for the construction scheme of a water ecological civilization in small basins, and put forward the basic principles, design concept, and technical route for waterfront landscape planning and design in small basins.Using the Lujiang River Basin as a case study, we develop a waterfront landscape design scheme of two belts and one axis.The study shows that waterfront landscape planning and design in small basins can integrate the water ecosystem with people’ s lives and enables the reappearance of diverse cultural customs and natural landscapes.It can also propel the construction of a water ecological civilization;landscape planning and design is dependent on water ecological civilization, and vice versa.

  18. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    down clothes and t oys, we meet for coffee , we have neighborhood book clubs, walking and running groups, dinner moms, dads t hrowing footballs down... loyalty on this issue should not put me or my family in a situation where we must face the risk of t he value in our home being reduced or potential...community), and brand new luxury waterfront condos and townhouses. ALL OF THE DOWNTOWN area falls within the unot compatible with residential use" zone

  19. Implementation of Total Quality Leadership (TQL) at Long Beach Naval Shipyard and Future Perspectives for Implementation by the Hellenic Naval Stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    depending on their personality. Maslow postulated that people are rational beings with conscious desires, and the capability to fulfill these desires. He...distribution to all levels of the organizational pyramid , including waterfront employees was severely curtailed. The focus of assessing the TQL...the Hellenic Navy. In Greece there are three main Naval Stations. Salamina, Souda Bay, and Leros (the smallest). The organizational pyramids of these

  20. 浅析城市滨水景观塑造中人文艺术的延续

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海茜

    2014-01-01

    城市滨水区是有吸引力的空间,是城市的形象窗口。也是城市居民重要的活动场所之一。现代化城市滨水景观在追求设计美感与生态“和谐”的同时,更讲究艺术表现的人文内涵,本文以上海著名人工景区“滴水湖”为例,浅析如何在滨水景观塑造中保持人文艺术的延续。%Urban Waterfront Area is an attractive space,like the city's image window.Also is the Urban residents’ one of the important Activities. In the pursuit of design aesthetic and ecological "harmony" at the same time,Modern urban waterfront landscape take more attention to the cultural connotations of artistic expression,In this paper, Shanghai's famous scenic artificial "Dishuihu" as an example,Describes how to maintain waterfront landscape shaping continuation of Arts and Humanities.

  1. Alternative energy facility siting policies for urban coastal areas: executive summary of findings and policy recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morell, D; Singer, G

    1980-11-01

    An analysis was made of siting issues in the coastal zone, one of the nation's most critical natural resource areas and one which is often the target for energy development proposals. The analysis addressed the changing perceptions of citizens toward energy development in the coastal zone, emphasizing urban communities where access to the waterfront and revitalization of waterfront property are of interest to the citizen. The findings of this analysis are based on an examination of energy development along New Jersey's urban waterfront and along the Texas-Louisiana Gulf Coast, and on redevelopment efforts in Seattle, San Francisco, Boston, and elsewhere. The case studies demonstrate the significance of local attitudes and regional cooperation in the siting process. In highly urbanized areas, air quality has become a predominant concern among citizen groups and an influential factor in development of alternative energy facility siting strategies, such as consideration of inland siting connected by pipeline to a smaller coastal facility. The study addresses the economic impact of the permitting process on the desirability of energy facility investments, and the possible effects of the location selected for the facility on the permitting process and investment economics. The economic analysis demonstrates the importance of viewing energy facility investments in a broad perspective that includes the positive or negative impacts of various alternative siting patterns on the permitting process. Conclusions drawn from the studies regarding Federal, state, local, and corporate politics; regulatory, permitting, licensing, environmental assessment, and site selection are summarized. (MCW)

  2. "Economic heritage impact assessment" as a tool for evaluating the impacts on the great requalification project of the coastal cities, Unesco sites. The case study of Torre Annunziata, in the gulf of Naples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariarosaria Angrisano

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article starts from the study of the historic port cities, that today are facing the challenge of the urban waterfront requalification, through the preservation of the cultural and landscape heritage. The recommendations on the “Historic Urban Landscape”, and the operating tools promoted by the ICOMOS “Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessments for Cultural World Heritage Properties” of 2011, configure themselves as the most recent dispositions regarding the preservation, protection and enhancement of the cultural heritage (Fusco Girard, 2010. The ICOMOS Guide it was considered the most suitable tool for evaluating the impacts of the big requalification project of the urban waterfront on the cultural heritage. To fully understand this tool it was made an application for evaluating the impacts of Pompeii Great Project on the waterfront of Torre Annunziata, a coastal city in the Gulf of Naples, UNESCO Site. After this analysis phase it follows a reflection on how to improve the Heritage Impact Assessment as a tool able to evaluate not only the cultural impacts, but also the economic ones, so we can speak of “economy of the cultural heritage”. The last proposal is that of supporting the process of “Heritage Impact Assessment” with an evaluation of economic impacts, through an analysis of costs/benefits, for estimating in a monetary terms, the benefit of the investments into the preservation of the historic urban heritage of the coastal cities, proposing an “Economic Heritage Impact Assessment” (EHIA. This method was elaborated from the author, into the PHD thesis “The Historic Urban Landscape of the coastal cities: challenges and opportunities”. The case of Torre Annunziata offers the possibility to overcome the mere evaluation of the cultural impacts proposed by the ICOMOS.

  3. “Economic heritage impact assessment” come strumento per valutare gli impatti dei grandi progetti di riqualificazione delle città costiere siti Unesco. Il caso studio di Torre Annunziata nel golfo di Napoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariarosaria Angrisano

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Quest’articolo parte dallo studio delle città portuali storiche, siti UNESCO, che oggi affrontano la sfida della riqualificazione dei waterfront urbani attraverso la conservazione del patrimonio culturale e paesaggistico. Le raccomandazioni sull’ “Historic Urban Landscape”, e gli strumenti operativi promossi dall’ICOMOS “Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessments for Cultural World Heritage Properties” del 2011, si configurano come le più recenti disposizioni concernenti la conservazione, protezione e valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale (Fusco Girard, 2010. La Guida ICOMOS è stata considerata lo strumento più adatto per valutare gli impatti dei grandi progetti di riqualificazione dei waterfront urbani sul patrimonio culturale. Per comprendere al meglio tale strumento è stata fatta un’applicazione per valutare gli impatti del Grande Progetto Pompei sul waterfront di Torre Annunziata, città costiera nel Golfo di Napoli sito UNESCO. A questa fase di analisi segue una riflessione su come migliorare l’Heritage Impact Assessment, come strumento capace di valutare non soltanto gli impatti culturali ma anche quelli economici, per parlare di “economia del patrimonio culturale”. La proposta ultima è quella di affiancare al processo di “Heritage Impact Assessment” una valutazione degli impatti economici, attraverso un’analisi costi-benefici, per quantificare in termini monetari la convenienza degli investimenti nella conservazione del patrimonio storico urbano delle città costiere, proponendo una “Economic Heritage Impact Assessment” (EHIA. Tale metodo, elaborato dall’autrice all’interno della tesi di dottorato “Il paesaggio storico urbano delle città costiere: sfide e opportunità. Il caso Torre Annunziata”, offre la possibilità di superare la sola valutazione degli impatti culturali proposta dall’ICOMOS.

  4. Transformaciones de frentes de agua: la forma urbana como producto estándar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Talesnik

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Diversas ciudades han transformado sus antiguas zonas portuarias convirtiéndolas en renovados frentes de agua. A partir de cuatro casos seleccionados (Baltimore, Sidney, Barcelona y Buenos Aires, el artículo subraya la estandarización del diseño y de los programas ejecutados en importantes renovaciones de waterfronts. Se propone una analogía con la cadena norteamericana de café Starbucks, con la cadena de restoranes de fast food McDonald’s y con los parques de entretención Disney. De escalas diferentes, los emprendimientos mencionados se caracterizan por presentarse desligados de los lugares físicos donde se localizan y por construir una nueva experiencia. Se sostiene que en la mayoría de los casos escogidos, el frente de agua renovado es ajeno a su medio y parece tener más que ver con un centro comercial que con un nuevo espacio público en la ciudad. Sin embargo, con el tiempo, gran parte de los ejemplos han fundado una nueva categoría de espacio público, se han convertido en hitos dentro de las ciudades y responden a la necesidad del ciudadano de tener nuevos lugares de recreación y encuentroCountless cities throughout the world have renewed their old port areas turning them into new waterfronts. Starting from four selected cases (Baltimore, Sidney, Barcelona and Buenos Aires, this article underlines the fact that many of the new waterfronts have been renewed with standardized forms and programs. There is an analogy between Starbuck’s coffeshops, McDonald’s fastfood restaurants and Disney theme parks. In different scales the last three cases have the common characteristic of building a new experience, places unlinked to their physical environment. The majority of the chosen study cases are new waterfronts that appear to be strangers to their surroundings. These new places appear to have more in common with a shopping mall than with a public space by the water’s edge. However, as time has gone by, these locations have

  5. "O Brave New World": A Change in the Weather.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Haley

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available The concept of "Waterfronts" becomes a powerful poetic metaphor. A point of departure and arrival in understanding arts practises. The ebb and flow between definitions of Nature and Culture. The littoral from which evolutionary transition is made. Referencing The Tempest by William Shakespeare (1564 -1616 some paintings by Turner and the drawings of Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519, this presentation considers how Public Art in the context of urban and social development may start to engage the issue of Climate Change. It will also explore our relationship with water from different perspectives, as a learning process.

  6. DUMBO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2015-01-01

    In the DUMBO historic district between the Brooklyn Bridge and Manhattan Bridge – part of Brooklyn’s new waterfront – an old, beautifully restored carousel has been placed on an elevated concrete foundation in a transparent pavilion. Directly above the carousel is a circular window in the pavilion...... industry to a creative cultural growth area. Today, Jane’s Carousel functions as a popular meeting place, a magnet that attracts people from Manhattan across to Brooklyn, thereby creating a connection between the two boroughs across the East River. The area around the carousel has become a new dynamic...

  7. 滨河绿地景观设计初探--以瀑河平泉县城段滨河景观设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁丽伟; 刘铮

    2015-01-01

    The riverside green space is different from other city green space, which is the media of a variety of native biological habitat and spatial motion, the carrier of history and culture, the soul of city landscape beauty, and the important decisive factors to city waterfront design to the success. The waterfront landscape resources are paid more and more attention by the local governments. So building a harmonious natural riparian green landscape has gradually become the consensus of governments all over the country. Taking the section of the Baohe riverside in Pingquan County for an example, this paper states the waterfront green space landscape in the city’s status, the characteristics of zonal greenbelt, the practice of combining with landscape and lfood control indicators, and the effects of the riverside landscape design in Pingquan County section. We hope that can provide some references for the construction of city waterfront plant landscape transformation.%滨河绿地区别于其他城市绿地,是多种乡土生物栖息和空间运动的媒介,是历史文化的载体,是城市景观美的灵魂,是城市滨水设计是否成功的重要决定因素。滨河景观资源越来越受到各地政府的重视,因此营造和谐的自然的滨河绿地景观也逐步成为各地政府的共识。首先以瀑河平泉县城段滨河绿地景观设计为例,继而阐述滨河绿地景观在城市中的地位、带状绿地的特点、景观与防洪指标相结合的做法,最后介绍瀑河平泉县城段滨河绿地景观设计的做法和效果。希望能为城市滨河植物景观的改造建设提供一些借鉴。

  8. Transportul maritim global, element cheie în dezvoltarea oraşelor-port moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoş Horia Buhociu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The strong demand for Asian goods, especially tea, silk and China porcelain, along with need to avoid to Arab controlled merchant trails, pushed the Europeans to seek for direct maritime routes to Asia. They sailed around the world to establish key market spots, called entrepôts, which evolved to become modern port cities. Unlike the common freight or post ships, the passenger ships were focused on people and at the beginning of the 20th century passenger confort prevailed for the first time over speed. Maritime companies evolved in founding the modern cruise industry in the 1960s, fundamentally affecting port cities by modifications on their waterfronts.

  9. Proposal for World Exposition 2010 in Shanghai --A Visionary Valley of the Future, A Pathway of Opportunity%2010年上海世博会规划--赋予世界一个新未来,赋予上海一个新场域

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易道公司

    2005-01-01

    @@ The theme of World Expo 2010 in Shanghai is "Better City, Better Life". The site for World Expo 2010 will be located along both sides of Huangpu River, which covers a total planning area of 6.68square kilometers, with the waterfront extending to 8.3 kilometers. The proposal for the plan of World Expo 2010 is expected 1o not only cover a range of comprehensive aspects of functional operation, but also to ensure a long-lasting value for after-use.

  10. Green Streets: Urban Green and Birth Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abelt, Kathryn; McLafferty, Sara

    2017-07-13

    Recent scholarship points to a protective association between green space and birth outcomes as well a positive relationship between blue space and wellbeing. We add to this body of literature by exploring the relationship between expectant mothers' exposure to green and blue spaces and adverse birth outcomes in New York City. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the NYC Street Tree Census, and access to major green spaces served as measures of greenness, while proximity to waterfront areas represented access to blue space. Associations between these factors and adverse birth outcomes, including preterm birth, term birthweight, term low birthweight, and small for gestational age, were evaluated via mixed-effects linear and logistic regression models. The analyses were conducted separately for women living in deprived neighborhoods to test for differential effects on mothers in these areas. The results indicate that women in deprived neighborhoods suffer from higher rates adverse birth outcomes and lower levels of residential greenness. In adjusted models, a significant inverse association between nearby street trees and the odds of preterm birth was found for all women. However, we did not identify a consistent significant relationship between adverse birth outcomes and NDVI, access to major green spaces, or waterfront access when individual covariates were taken into account.

  11. Ecosystem health assessment of urban rivers and lakes-Case study of "the six lakes" in Beijing,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The assessment of the ecosystem health of urban rivers and lakes is the scientific basis for their management and ecological restoration.This study developed a three-level indicator system for its assessment.The results indicated that:Zhonghai and Nanhai are in the state of transition from unhealthy to critical state and all the other lakes are in unhealthy states.Water environmental quality,structure and function of the aquatic ecosystem,and the structure of waterfront areas were the constraints.Nanhai was ranked as poor and the others were all ranked as very poor.However,the ecological environment of Zhonghai and Nanhai were better than the others,the sums of the degree of membership to the healthy state and critical state were all close to 0.6.and the restorations of these lakes were moderate.The sums of the degree of membership to the healthy state and critical state of the other lakes were under 0.3,as it was difficult to restore these lakes.Some suggestions on scientific management and ecological restoration of the six lakes were improve the water quality of six lakes and the water ecosystem and waterfront areas.

  12. Personal and ambient exposures to air toxics in Camden, New Jersey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lioy, Paul J; Fan, Zhihua; Zhang, Junfeng; Georgopoulos, Panos; Wang, Sheng-Wei; Ohman-Strickland, Pamela; Wu, Xiangmei; Zhu, Xianlei; Harrington, Jason; Tang, Xiaogang; Meng, Qingyu; Jung, Kyung Hwa; Kwon, Jaymin; Hernandez, Marta; Bonnano, Linda; Held, Joann; Neal, John

    2011-08-01

    Personal exposures and ambient concentrations of air toxics were characterized in a pollution "hot spot" and an urban reference site, both in Camden, New Jersey. The hot spot was the city's Waterfront South neighborhood; the reference site was a neighborhood, about 1 km to the east, around the intersection of Copewood and Davis streets. Using personal exposure measurements, residential ambient air measurements, statistical analyses, and exposure modeling, we examined the impact of local industrial and mobile pollution sources, particularly diesel trucks, on personal exposures and ambient concentrations in the two neighborhoods. Presented in the report are details of our study design, sample and data collection methods, data- and model-analysis approaches, and results and key findings of the study. In summary, 107 participants were recruited from nonsmoking households, including 54 from Waterfront South and 53 from the Copewood-Davis area. Personal air samples were collected for 24 hr and measured for 32 target compounds--11 volatile organic compounds (VOCs*), four aldehydes, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and particulate matter (PM) with an aerodynamic diameter personal monitoring, ambient concentrations of the target compounds were measured at two fixed monitoring sites, one each in the Waterfront South and Copewood-Davis neighborhoods. To understand the potential impact of local sources of air toxics on personal exposures caused by temporal (weekdays versus weekend days) and seasonal (summer versus winter) variations in source intensities of the air toxics, four measurements were made of each subject, two in summer and two in winter. Within each season, one measurement was made on a weekday and the other on a weekend day. A baseline questionnaire and a time diary with an activity questionnaire were administered to each participant in order to obtain information that could be used to understand personal exposure to specific air toxics measured during

  13. 吉林市松花江沿江绿地木本植物群落树种组成与α多样性%Species Composition and Alpha Diversity of Woody Plant Community in Green Space along Songhua River in Jilin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马赛; 孙晓刚; 丁言

    2015-01-01

    采用样方法,对吉林市松花江沿江绿地木本植物群落进行了调查研究。结果表明:共调查木本植物998棵,隶属于20科、34属、56种。裸子植物门中松科物种最多,被子植物门中蔷薇科物种最多。在绿化带群落乔木、灌木中东北杏、玫瑰分别具有最大的重要值,在游园群落乔木、灌木中家榆、接骨木分别具有最大的重要值,在亲水群落乔木、灌木中旱柳、茶条槭分别具有最大的重要值。 Menhinick、Margalef、Shannon-Wiener和Simpson指数均表现为绿化带群落>亲水群落>游园群落,而修正的Hill指数和Pielou指数表现为亲水群落>绿化带群落>游园群落。%The author investigated the species composition and alpha diversity of woody plant community in green space along the Songhua River in Jilin city through using quadrat method .The results indicated that a total of 998 woody plants were investiga-ted, and they belonged to 56 species, 34 genera and 20 families.In gymnosperm, Pinaceae had the most species .In angiosperm, Rosaceae had the most species .Armeniaca mandshurica and Rosa rugosa had the highest importance value in green belt community;Ulmus pumila and Sambucus williamsii had the highest importance value in garden community;Salix matsudana and Acer ginnalahad the highest importance value in waterfront community .The Menhinick index , Margalef index , Shannon-Wiener index and Simpson index of various woody plant communities all showed the following sequence :green belt community>waterfront community>garden community, while the modified Hill index and the Pielou index revealed the following order:waterfront community>green belt com-munity>garden community .

  14. Smart Aarhus: Participatory Digital City Development in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin

    This talk will present and discuss some of the most prominent opportunities and challenges facing cities with an ambition to leverage the potential of digital technologies. The perspective is that of Aarhus, Denmark, a Scandinavian city situated in Nothern Europe in a conurbanized area...... of approximately one million people. Aarhus has recently announced a digital agenda, the Smart Aarhus Initiative. It will be formulated and implemented alongside unprecedented urban developments over the coming decade, the largest, relatively speaking, in the region, encompassing new constructions in central urban...... areas, the waterfront, an entire hospital city, large housing areas, as well as suburban areas. Aarhus has a dual purpose for its digital agenda: First, ICT (Information & Communication Technologies) will be a cornerstone in the coming transformation of the city and the region, with a focus on serving...

  15. Town Centre Redevelopment Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    as slum clearence and urban renewal. To a certain extent parallels are drawn to international experiences, especially where these are of such a nature that they can be assumed transferred to Danish connctions. Conclusively, the strategies are discussed in the light of the turn of Danish urban planning...... urban planning and design strategieswhich have been practised in most of the larger Danish towns: pedestrian streets, shopping centres, preservation of historic features, waterfronts, concentration of offices, conference and sports facilities, improvement og traffic and transport conditions as well...... during late years, where increased internationalisation is in focus and where it seems as if the social dimension of the town centre planning is slipping out of the hands of the urban planners....

  16. Architecture and Stages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans

    2009-01-01

    Architecture and Art as Fuel New development zones for shopping and entertainment and space for festivals inside the city CAN be coupled with art and architecture and become ‘open minded' public domains based on cultural exchange and mutual learning. This type of space could be labelled...... as "experiencescape" - a space between tourism, culture, learning and economy. Strategies related to these challenges involve new architectural concepts and art as ‘engines' for a change. New expressive architecture and old industrial buildings are often combined into hybrid narratives, linking the past...... with the future. But this is not enough. The agenda is to develop architectural spaces, where social interaction and learning are enhanced by art and fun. How can we develop new architectural designs in our inner cities and waterfronts where eventscapes, learning labs and temporal use are merged with everyday...

  17. The Value of Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skrede, Joar

    2014-01-01

    In Oslo, the capital of Norway, several urban development projects are in the making. One such project is the Fjord City project, which involves freeing up waterfront areas for housing, commerce, culture and recreation. It has been decided to relocate The Munch Museum to the area, and a new Opera...... documents and the public debate, it is evident that “culture” is vital in the urban development projects, but it is ambiguous what the value of “culture” consists of. Many citizens are questioning the disruption to historical continuity and they are confused about the political reasoning behind...... the decisions to abandon the old museum buildings. On the other hand, the relocation of the cultural institutions is intended to increase the city’s attractiveness and make it more interesting to investors, tourists and visitors. Against this backdrop, this thesis is devoted to the task of analysing – from...

  18. The reorientation of spatial planning in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galland, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    has been reoriented at national, regional and urban/local levels over time. The fundamental objective of the project is hence to explore and examine the history and evolution of Danish spatial planning through three embedded case studies from inception until most recent transformations. Respectively......, these studies embrace the reorientations of Danish national spatial planning; regional spatial planning in North Jutland; and urban planning and waterfront redevelopment in the city of Aalborg. In attaining its aim, the dissertation is guided by the general premise that the reorientations of spatial planning...... planning practices at different administrative levels. As a whole, the outcome of this dissertation confirms that there is an increasing policy and institutional mismatch between national, regional and urban/local planning practices. It further suggests that the lack of spatial reflexion embedded...

  19. Planning and design of a green city in Kaixian for population relocation of Three Gorges Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Wei; JIANG Jia-long; John KOCH-SCHULTE; Neol LEE

    2008-01-01

    We describe the green space system planning and design of a new Kaixian City for migrants in the Three Gorges Reservoir area of P.R.China. The goal of the project was to provide a high quality settlement for migrants relocated from the old Kaixian City that had a history of over one thousand years and from other places with different traditional cultures. Our efforts focused on conceiving affordable strategies to increase green areas, improve waterfront landscapes, deal with water level fluctuation,integrate diverse folk cultures, and encourage bicycling as an environmentally-friendly form of urban transportation.The new city is anticipated to benefit from the green space systems with an improved eco-environment, enriched tourism resources, cheap landscaping costs, relief from traffic pressure, and in other ways. The planning philosophies employed could be useful in the engineering and construction of other cities in the Three Gorges Reservoir area.

  20. Visual Assessment on Coastal Cruise Tourism: A Preliminary Planning Using Importance Performance Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trisutomo, S.

    2017-07-01

    Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) has been widely applied in many cases. In this research, IPA was applied to measure perceive on coastal tourism objects and its possibility to be developed as coastal cruise tourism in Makassar. Three objects, i.e. Akkarena recreational site, Losari public space at waterfront, and Paotere traditional Phinisi ships port, were selected and assessed visually from water area by a group of purposive resource persons. The importance and performance of 10 attributes of each site were scored using Likert scale from 1 to 5. Data were processed by SPSS-21 than resulted Cartesian graph which the scores were divided in four quadrants: Quadrant I concentric here, Quadrant II keep up the good work, Quadrant III low priority, and Quadrant IV possible overkill. The attributes in each quadrant could be considered as the platform for preliminary planning of coastal cruise tour in Makassar

  1. Introduction to the fifth Mars Polar Science special issue: key questions, needed observations, and recommended investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, Stephen M.; Yoshikawa, Kenji; Byrne, Shane; Durham, William; Fisher, David; Forget, Francois; Hecht, Michael; Smith, Peter; Tamppari, Leslie; Titus, Timothy; Zurek, Richard

    2013-01-01

    The Fifth International Conference on Mars Polar Science and Exploration – which was held from September 12–16, 2011, at the Pike’s Waterfront Lodge in Fairbanks, Alaska – is the latest in a continuing series of meetings that are intended to promote the exchange of knowledge and ideas between planetary and terrestrial scientists interested in Mars polar and climate research (http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/polar2011/polar20113rd.html). The conference was sponsored by the Lunar and Planetary Institute, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA’s Mars Program Office, University of Alaska Fairbanks, International Association of Cryospheric Sciences and the Centre for Research in Earth and Space Sciences at York University.

  2. Designing concepts and strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    In urban transformation some of the most interesting and complex design challenges are related to redevelopment of city centres and waterfronts. Here the conflicts between ‘the old’ and ‘the new’ are the largest, and here the potentials for mistakes are at a critical level. One of the problems is......, that new developments often employ very modest research on the subject and often very little has been done in order to challenge traditional concepts and to invent new sustainable concepts for redevelopment. In order to avoid mistakes in urban redevelopment we need to learn from research and evaluation...... and strategies are briefly described in the article, and the adaption by city planners and developers has been critical reviewed....

  3. Biogeochemistry of Estuaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdige, David J.

    2007-12-01

    Whether you are interested in material flux from the continents to the oceans or whether the oysters set down in front of you at a waterfront restaurant may have come from polluted waters, we know estuaries are important places. However, anyone attempting to summarize and synthesize the long and rich literature of estuarine research is presented with a daunting task. This is because beyond the concept of an estuary being the transition zone where ``fresh water meets seawater,'' the exact definition of an estuary is not uniformly agreed upon by scientists in this field. Also, estuaries-regardless of how they are defined-tend to be highly heterogeneous, in both space and time. Against this backdrop, Thomas Bianchi's Biogeochemistry of Estuaries successfully tackles its subject matter and is an exciting addition to the field of estuarine research.

  4. A Study of Water Accessibility Landscape of City Watercourses:A Case Study of River Bank Landscape Design along Xu Xiake Avenue,Ninghai%城市河道亲水景观研究——以宁海徐霞客大道大溪两岸景观设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倩倩; 马军山

    2012-01-01

    城市河道是特殊的滨水环境,文中以宁海徐霞客大道大溪两岸景观设计为例,阐述城市河道亲水景观设计的理念及其内容并提出亲水景观营造的方法。%Water is an element of vitality,and waterbody brings life and vigor to its surrounding environment.City watercourse is a special waterfront environment.Taking the river bank landscape design along Xu Xiake Avenue in Ninghai as the example,the paper described the concept and content of water accessibility landscape design along city watercourses,and elaborated the methods for the landscape building.

  5. Residential High-Rise Clusters as a Contemporary Planning Challenge in Manama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Wiedmann

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the different roots of current residential high-rise clusters emerging in new city districts along the coast of Bahrain’s capital city Manama, and the resulting urban planning and design challenges. Since the local real-estate markets were liberalized in Bahrain in 2003, the population grew rapidly to more than one million inhabitants. Consequently, the housing demand increased rapidly due to extensive immigration. Many residential developments were however constructed for the upper spectrum of the real-estate market, due to speculative tendencies causing a raise in land value. The emerging high-rise clusters are developed along the various waterfronts of Manama on newly reclaimed land. This paper explores the spatial consequences of the recent boom in construction boom and the various challenges for architects and urban planners to enhance urban qualities.

  6. 深圳地铁1号线续建工程机场东站设计%Design of east airport station of continuous constn~on engineering on Shenzhen subway lme No. 1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郄雪刚

    2012-01-01

    针对深圳地铁1号线续建工程机场东站的工程项目的特殊性,设计理念的先进性,探索了滨海城市轨道交通高架车站的建筑设计方向,通过机场东站技术成果的说明为相关项目的设计工作提供参考。%In light of the specialty of east airport station engineering project of Shenzhen subway line No. 1 and advancement of the design con- cept, the paper explores the design orientation of elevated track traffic station in waterfront city, and illustrated the technological achievements acquired in east airport, it has provided reference for the design of relevant project.

  7. Climate Change Impacts on the Stability of Small Tidal Inlets: A Numerical Modelling Study Using the Realistic Analogue Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trang Minh Duong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Tidal inlets are of great societal importance as they are often associated with ports and harbours, industry, tourism, recreation and prime waterfront real estate. Their behaviour is governed by the delicate balance of oceanic processes (tides, waves and mean sea level, and fluvial/estuarine processes (riverflow and heat fluxes, all of which can be significantly affected by climate change (CC processes. This study investigates the potential range of CC impacts on the stability (closed/open state and locational stability via the application of a sophisticated process based morphodynamic model (Delft3D to strategically selected schematized inlet morphologies and forcing conditions. Results show that, under worst case scenario conditions, the integrated effect of climate change driven increase in mean sea level, wave height and wave angle may significantly change inlet stability condition.

  8. Effect of neglecting geothermal gradient on calculated oil recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safari, Mehdi; Mohammadi, Majid; Sedighi, Mehdi

    2017-03-01

    Reduced recovery rate with time is a common challenge for most of the oil producing reservoirs. Water flooding is one of the most common methods used for enhanced oil recovery. Simulating water-flooding process is sometimes carried out without considering the effect of geothermal gradient, and an average temperature is assumed for all the grid blocks. However, the gradient plays a significant role on the reservoir fluid properties. So neglecting its effect might result in a large error in the calculated oil recovery results, especially for the thick reservoirs, which in theory can show significant variations in temperature with depth. In this paper, first, advancing the waterfront during injection into a geothermal oil reservoir is discussed. Then, the performance of considering either an average temperature or gradient temperature, are considered and compared with each other. The results suggest that assuming a fixed average reservoir temperature with no geothermal gradient, can lead to a pronounced error for calculated oil recovery.

  9. The issue of sustainable urban development in a neoliberal age. Discursive entanglements and disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joar Skrede

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of Oslo, the Norwegian capital, is in the midst of executing a huge urban waterfront project in Bjørvika. This project has triggered several years of public debate. A key concept in the development project is “sustainable development”, but it is unclear what the concept implies. Several interests are involved which emphasise different goals and different values. In this article, a discourse analysis of the concept, in this particular context, is conducted. Five discourses are identified, which overlap as well as collide. Special attention is paid to how the respective discourses are related to a neoliberal form of government, and as part of the analysis, a discussion of how cultural heritage is used to increase the city’s attractiveness is undertaken. This article concludes that planning for a sustainable use of cultural heritage should imply establishing a reflective cultural policy not subsumed under economic sustainability.

  10. MĚSTSKÝ DŮM NA NÁBŘEŽÍ V PŘEROVĚ

    OpenAIRE

    Mecnerová, Šárka

    2010-01-01

    Nároží tvoří dvě hmoty vzájemně propojené terasami. V přízemí jsou prostory určené pro obchod a kavárnu, v patrech se nalézá bydlení. Dům svou jednoduchou formou upevňuje blok a tvoří novou dominantu nábřeží. Two masses, each other interconected with terraces, forms the corner. Spaces for shop and coffe bar is downstairs. Housing is on the floors. Building with its easy form stabilize the pile and create new wiew point of the waterfront. B

  11. Feeding Behavior of Subadult Sixgill Sharks (Hexanchus griseus at a Bait Station.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryan McNeil

    Full Text Available This is the first in-situ study of feeding behaviors exhibited by bluntnose sixgill sharks. Bait was placed beneath the Seattle Aquarium pier situated on the waterfront in Elliott Bay, Puget Sound, Washington at 20m of water depth. Cameras and lights were placed around the bait box to record sixgill shark presence and behavior while feeding. Analysis of feeding behavior revealed that sixgills utilize a bite comparable to many other elasmobranchs and aquatic vertebrates, have the ability to protrude their upper jaw, change their feeding behavior based on the situation, and employ sawing and lateral tearing during manipulation. The versatility of their feeding mechanism and the ability of sixgills to change their capture and food manipulation behaviors may have contributed to the species' worldwide distribution and evolutionary success.

  12. 新北市、新水岸——新店溪流域景观设计%Urban Green Life and Leisure Blue Belt-Landscape Planning and Design for Shindian River Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宗旻

    2011-01-01

    River provides abundance of water resources and spacious area for leisure. It also represents the history trails of the urban civilization, society, and economic development. In order lo improve the waterfront of New Taipei City, this project aims to renovate the spaces of riverside parks and advance the functions of waterfront. In addition, the designers also tried to build a series of attractive points in the river spaces to create a beautiful outlook of more green, charming and eco-friendly riverside parks. In the near future, it could be predicted that people can return to a rather close relationship between men and rivers in the past.%河川具备吸引人的流动性.“水”资源,同时提供广阔的游憩空间,更代表了一个城市人文、社会及经济发展的历史痕迹.为提升新北市河川高滩地的整体水岸景观,本计划致力于河滨公园现有的空间重塑,并改善水岸空间的使用机能.除此之外,也整体性与全面性地打造一系列具有特色的河滨魅力据点,达到河滨绿化、美化、生态化的美丽愿景.注入新气象,让市民重新再回到与河川溪流紧紧依偎、密不可分的空间使用形态.

  13. 基于历史文化价值的城市更新研究--以上海虹口港城市更新为例%Urban Regeneration Based on Historical and Cultural Value--A Case Study of Hongkou Creek, Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡力骏

    2013-01-01

    The Purpose of urban renewal is the regeneration of urban function and vitality in order to improve the urban competitiveness. The waterfront area has being got more attention in urban renewal project. Humanistic quality and physical environment are both important for the world cities which paid more attention on the innovation environment. Those researches, which strengthening waterfront features and reflecting the diversity and individuality, can be helpful for the urban renewal project, based on historical and cultural value. It also benefits both humanities and material factor. Shanghai Hongkou Creek has its unique historical value. This article is the research of the urban renewal strategy based on the historical and cultural value .%  现代城市更新追求的是在城市功能和活力再生基础上提升城市竞争力,滨水区域一直是城市更新中比较重视的内容。对注重创新环境的世界性城市而言,人文素质与物质环境均很重要。基于历史文化价值的研究可以在城市更新过程中强化滨水区域特色,体现多样性和个性,对城市人文和物质两方面的提升均有裨益。上海虹口港具有独特的历史内涵,以历史文化价值为基础,对该区域城市更新策略进行研究。

  14. Port, city, territory: economic development and urban quality in the case study of Salerno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Annunziata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cities are the collective expression of a society and in seaside cities this phenomenon acquires peculiar values, since maritime communities share a unitary identity in the remarkable link with maritime essence, ships and navigation. Maritime urban landscape may be really perceived only from the sea and during navigation, through a dynamic perception able to give its complexity back. Architecture in seaside cities is rooted in the sea itself, which shapes the urban landscape, fosters the cultural evolution, affects social dynamics and makes economy be on the move. The ever rising sea trades, brought about markets’ globalization, fostered port’s development, which, if well run, is still today able to provide new opportunities for sea towns. The approach to an urban planning focused on a “from the sea” perspective suggests to deal with both the port and urban dimensions. Through this kind of approach, the Port may acquire a new leading role in the renewal of urban coastal areas, becoming, thus, the driving force of its (selfdevelopment and, at the same time, of the local urban sustainable development. Rather than being univocal, the relationship between city and port constitutes a quite complex continuous process, which calls for physical and cultural changes, often difficult to deal with and fulfill; a process in which different subjects and resources, often at odds, are involved. In this study approach we will focus on Salerno, where, through the cultural continuity of maritime tradition, the rise of port activities has been matched with an urban vision designed to reshape the urban waterfront (Fig.1. Salerno has identified policies and methods designed to undertake a renewal — along with Administration, Port Authority and Private Citizens — by sharing actions and projects to make waterfront more suitable and “tantalizing”, to improve the quality of urban life and, simultaneously, to take advantage of the potential of these

  15. The Existing Condition of Mangrove Region of Avicenia marina, Its: Distribution and Functional Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Herison

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mangrove ecosystem existence is important for environment and other organisms because of its ecological and economical values, so that management and preservation of mangrove ecosystem are needed. The purpose of this research was to determine the existing condition of mangrove, both its distribution and its functional transformation in Indah Kapuk Coastal Area. Avicennia marina  becomes important as wave attenuation,  a form of abrasion antidote. Transect-Square and Spot-Check methods were used to determine the existing condition of A.marina mangrove forests. Autocad program, coordinate converter, Google Earth, Google Map, and Arc View were applied in process of making mangrove distribution map. In western of research location exactly at Station 1 and Station 2, the density value of mangrove was 450 and 825 tree ha-1, respectively with  sparse category because they were contaminated by waste and litter. In eastern of research location namely Station 3, Station 4, and Station 5 the mangroves grow well with density value of 650 (sparse, 1,500 (very dense, and 1,200 tree ha-1 (fair, respectively, eventhough the contamination still happened. The mangrove forests around the stations do not function as wave attenuation because there were many waterfront constructions which have replaced the function of mangrove forests to damp the wave. In short, it can be stated that the mangrove's function has changed in a case of wave attenuation. The function of mangrove forests is not determined by mangrove forest density but it is determined by mangrove's free position.Keywords: Avicennia marina, mangrove, wave attenuation, waterfront constructions

  16. 创造富有地方特色的滨河景观--以岳阳市环城水系王家河风光带一期景观规划为例%Discussion on the First Phase Landscape Planning of the Wangjiahe River Scenic Belt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志刚

    2012-01-01

      随着城市的快速发展,许多原本属于郊野的河流演变为城市的中心区域;随着河流污染日益严重、河流面积不断被城市建筑挤压,河流的综合治理成为关注的焦点。怎样把握滨水景观规划设计原则、挖掘城市滨水空间的优势、创造有地域特色的生态滨水景观、实现水、城、人居环境与自然的和谐共生,成为园林景观设计师的重要课题。本案以岳阳王家河风光带一期工程的景观规划设计为例,进行有益地探索%  With the rapid development of the city, the comprehensive management of river has become the focus. Many rivers locate city center and are polluted increasingly seriously, and the area also decreased because of the building. How to hold the design principles of the waterfront landscape, dig the advantage, create ecological waterfront landscape with regional characteristics, and make water, city, living environment and nature be harmonious has become the important topic for landscape designer. This paper discusses the first phase landscape planning of the Wangjiahe river scenic belt to make beneficial exploration.

  17. Explanatory Factors of the Expansion of Recreation Function on the Bank of Danube River in Budapest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pál Szabó

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In a city's development a river and riverbank played important role, however in recent decades the functions of them have changed, transformed, especially in major cities in the more developed countries, so the city administration was faced with a new phenomenon and geographical space: the changing riverbanks, and the utilization, development, revitalization of them has become a key issue. The various real processes showed the direction that these areas should be provided to the people, and the recreation service will be important for the local residents and tourists. Overall, the urban waterfront development is an increasingly important researched topic and policy. The question is: can we realize it in Budapest also nowadays? In recent years, those processes took place in Budapest, which resulted in an increasing utilization of the Danube and its banks for recreational functions. On the one hand, local social and economic processes have led to the waterfront sites released, on the other hand the needs of the residential population and tourists using the river and the riverside for recreational purposes have increased, and thirdly, the new city administration decided to renew the banks of the Danube, mainly to create new recreational areas. In this paper, we analyze these three factors, focusing on a past short period, because there is an exceptional cohesion between the processes, the needs and the new development goals. Two case studies are in the paper also: the Margaret Island as the oldest traditional recreational area in Budapest, and the Kopaszi-dam, as the newest and successful recreational area of Budapest. The analysis of the processes is based on data and literature, the analysis of the needs is based on a survey, and the analysis of the goals is based on the different development documents.

  18. Reconstruir la ciudad sobre la ciudad. El Project Euroméditerranée en Marsella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Marotta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A finales del siglo XX, la ciudad de Marsella sufrió una fuerte crisis sobre la actividad portuaria que hasta entonces representaba el movimiento económico de la ciudad. Pese a esto, el puerto consiguió reaccionar adelantando nuevas estrategias económi­cas y urbanas, siendo el proyecto de recualificación urbana: Euroméditerranée, pro­pulsado por el Etablissement Public d’Aménagement Méditerranée un caso ejemplar. Euroméditerranée (1995-2015 regenera el waterfront sobre el patrimonio industrial abandonado y el casco antiguo del puerto. Gracias a esto, Marsella fue posteriormente designada como Capital Europea de la Cultura 2013. Euroméditerranée II (2008-2030 intenta insertar la variable de sostenibilidad a la regeneración del waterfront, que per­mitirá potenciar los barrios septentrionales y el antiguo barrio portuario de la ciudad. Euromed II tiene el objetivo de realizar una nueva eco-ciudad dentro de la ciudad. Los objetivos de estas nuevas estrategias urbanas son: el progreso económico y social, la valorización del patrimonio urbano a través de los principios de la sostenibilidad am­biental y del desarrollo del turismo cultural. Abstract At the end of XX century, the city of Marseille suffered a severe crisis caused by decline of industrial and port activities, on which was based city’s economy. Despite crisis, Mar­seille has reacted creating new economic and urban strategies. In particular, the arti­cle analyses two phases of Euroméditerranée redevelopment project, which has been promoted by the Etablissement Public d’Aménagement Méditerranée. The aim of this ambitious project is to set Marseille again in the core of its region and the whole Medi­terranean area. Euroméditerranée I project (1995-2015 deal with the requalification of waterfront and abandoned industrial heritage and the enhancement of historic city cen­tre. Moreover, due to this impressive work of urban transformation, Marseille has been

  19. Connecting Water Quality With Air Quality Through Microbial Aerosols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dueker, M. Elias

    Aerosol production from surface waters results in the transfer of aquatic materials (including nutrients and bacteria) to air. These materials can then be transported by onshore winds to land, representing a biogeochemical connection between aquatic and terrestrial systems not normally considered. In urban waterfront environments, this transfer could result in emissions of pathogenic bacteria from contaminated waters. Despite the potential importance of this link, sources, near-shore deposition, identity and viability of microbial aerosols are largely uncharacterized. This dissertation focuses on the environmental and biological mechanisms that define this water-air connection, as a means to build our understanding of the biogeochemical, biogeographical, and public health implications of the transfer of surface water materials to the near-shore environment in both urban and non-urban environments. The effects of tidal height, wind speed and fog on coastal aerosols and microbial content were first quantified on a non-urban coast of Maine, USA. Culture-based, culture-independent, and molecular methods were used to simultaneously sample microbial aerosols while monitoring meteorological parameters. Aerosols at this site displayed clear marine influence and high concentrations of ecologically-relevant nutrients. Coarse aerosol concentrations significantly increased with tidal height, onshore wind speed, and fog presence. Tidal height and fog presence did not significantly influence total microbial aerosol concentrations, but did have a significant effect on culturable microbial aerosol fallout. Molecular analyses of the microbes settling out of near-shore aerosols provided further evidence of local ocean to terrestrial transport of microbes. Aerosol and surface ocean bacterial communities shared species and in general were dominated by organisms previously sampled in marine environments. Fog presence strengthened the microbial connection between water and land through

  20. LA COSTANERA SUR, BUENOS AIRES - EDGE AND HORIZON OF THE CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustina Martire

    2008-10-01

    of the coastline was carried out during the eighties, producing a number of marinas, theme parks and reconstruction of historical sites, which tend more to the standardization that the diversification of spaces for use of citizens. But this phenomenon does not belong exclusively to the last decades of the last century. Early interventions in the urban coastal fronts began with the discovery of the coast and leisure in the mid-nineteenth century. The discovery of the coast and leisure had been born since the late eighteenth century with the loss of fear of water, the new value given to science and currents of thought of the Enlightenment and the Romanticism of the time, which would Grand Tour of Europe. This assessment of costs is not reached the industrial cities until the last decades of the 1800s. Several European cities had previously coastal walks, but these were not from a planned urban spaces shared with the port and its aim was solely that of a contemplative walk. In Buenos Aires, as in other American cases, the start of the use of the coast and leisure was very early, compared with its parallel in Europe. While in New York and Chicago Fredrick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux were imposing a new use of public space and urban nature in contrast to the growth of cities, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento raised the first projects for the Tres de Febrero Park, the first coastal park the city of Buenos Aires. The authorities, architects and engineers who worked on the draft coastal parks saw these spaces as places of opportunity, as horizons for action, being edges of the city provided a special place for the development of public space. From an aesthetic professionals in charge saw the horizon as a scenic attraction, while from the practical side, the waterfront was the edge, so the city and an area of conflict between national and municipal authorities. In this article we will look at one of the most significant projects for the coast of Buenos Aires at the beginning of

  1. Intensive Observation of Reservoirinduced Seismicity and Preliminary Analysis on the Causes of Earthquakes in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, Yangtze River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Wentao; Xu Changpeng; Yuan Jingli; Li Hai'ou; Xu Xiwei; Zhang Xindong; Zhang Lanfeng

    2011-01-01

    In accordance with the requirements of the National Key Technology R&D Program of the 11th "Five-year Plan", a densified seismic network consisting of 26 seismic stations was established at the Three Gorges Reservoir area in the section of Hubei Province in March 2009 (21 short-period seismographs, 5 broadband digital seismographs). From March to December, 2009, a total of 2,995 ML -0. 8 - 2. 9 earthquakes were detected during the trial impounding of the Three Gorges Reservoir ( water level rose from 145 m to 172.8m). Using the double difference earthquake location algorithm, 2,837 earthquakes were precisely re-located. The results show that the pattern of small local earthquake swarms in the Three Gorges Reservoir area took on a linear distribution or mass-like cluster distribution, the mass-like clusters of events were generally within a distance of 5 km from waterfront, and the linear distribution of the earthquakes could be extended to a distance of 16 km away from the waterfront. In the Hubei section of the Three Gorges Reservoir, earthquakes were mainly concentrated in the northern end of the Xiannvshan and Jiuwanxi faults near the Xiangxihe River, and along the banks of the Yangtze River at the west of Xietan township and the Shenlongxi area on the northern bank in the Badong region, with focal depths less than 10km, and 4km in average. Earthquake frequency in the reservoir region had a positive correlation with reservoir water level fluctuations, indicating that the seismicity belongs to reservoir induced earthquakes. Along the Shenlong River in the reservoir area, earthquakes showed three linear distributions in the northern Badong county, and distributed according to Karst distribution. There are underground rivers in the carbonate strata. When the reservoir was impounded, water permeated into the underground rivers, thus inducing earthquakes. Earthquakes in the areas on the crossriver segment of Xiannvshan fault, the Jiuwanxi fault and at

  2. Restoration Effects of the Riparian Forest on the Intertidal Fish Fauna in an Urban Area of the Amazon River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Stephen F.; Vasconcelos, Huann C. G.; Mendes-Junior, Raimundo N. G.; Araújo, Andrea S.; Costa-Campos, Carlos Eduardo; Nascimento, Walace S.; Isaac, Victoria J.

    2016-01-01

    Urbanization causes environmental impacts that threaten the health of aquatic communities and alter their recovery patterns. In this study, we evaluated the diversity of intertidal fish in six areas affected by urbanization (areas with native vegetation, deforested areas, and areas in process of restoration of vegetation) along an urban waterfront in the Amazon River. 20 species were identified, representing 17 genera, 14 families, and 8 orders. The different degrees of habitat degradation had a major effect on the composition of the fish fauna; the two least affected sectors were the only ones in that all 20 species were found. Eight species were recorded in the most degraded areas. The analysis revealed two well-defined groups, coinciding with the sectors in better ecological quality and degraded areas, respectively. The native vegetation has been identified as the crucial factor to the recovery and homeostasis of the studied ecosystem, justifying its legal protection and its use in the restoration and conservation of altered and threatened environments. These results reinforce the importance of maintaining the native vegetation as well as its restoration in order to benefit of the fish populations in intertidal zones impacted by alterations resulting from inadequate urbanization. PMID:27699201

  3. Restoration Effects of the Riparian Forest on the Intertidal Fish Fauna in an Urban Area of the Amazon River

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio C. Sá-Oliveira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization causes environmental impacts that threaten the health of aquatic communities and alter their recovery patterns. In this study, we evaluated the diversity of intertidal fish in six areas affected by urbanization (areas with native vegetation, deforested areas, and areas in process of restoration of vegetation along an urban waterfront in the Amazon River. 20 species were identified, representing 17 genera, 14 families, and 8 orders. The different degrees of habitat degradation had a major effect on the composition of the fish fauna; the two least affected sectors were the only ones in that all 20 species were found. Eight species were recorded in the most degraded areas. The analysis revealed two well-defined groups, coinciding with the sectors in better ecological quality and degraded areas, respectively. The native vegetation has been identified as the crucial factor to the recovery and homeostasis of the studied ecosystem, justifying its legal protection and its use in the restoration and conservation of altered and threatened environments. These results reinforce the importance of maintaining the native vegetation as well as its restoration in order to benefit of the fish populations in intertidal zones impacted by alterations resulting from inadequate urbanization.

  4. Patchwork or matrix: Testing the capacity of the contemporary city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stupar Aleksandra

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Being exposed to the multiple needs of their contemporary users, the cities from all over the world have been forced to activate all capacities in order to intensify their land use, adjust their urban structure and reinvent some forgotten segments (ex-industrial areas, traffic nodes, docks, waterfronts as generators of multilayered transformations and mutations. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare different approaches of this practice, as well as to emphasize the relation between the applied global imperatives/trends/myths, local conditions and limitations, and the outcomes. Consequently, the first part will be structured around four key-words which often "justify" and activate multifunctional and intensive land use - connectivity, profit, identity and sustainability. The second part will be focused on the case of Serbia, describing a unique postmodern example of the fusion of local and global influences. The multifunctional land use in this case is a result of numerous political and economic problems, the plurality of values and (illegal transformations of urban structure. This condition has finally affected the rising need for urban redesign, the re-organization and revitalization of city centers, fringe areas, devastated and degraded urban zones, as well as the development of existing transport and communication networks i.e. improvement of urban and regional connectivity. Additionally, the "model of territorial values" will be explained as a planning tool which could be used in order to increase the level of urban attractiveness, define urban parameters and estimate land values. .

  5. Building 'blue': An eco-engineering framework for foreshore developments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer-Pinto, M; Johnston, E L; Bugnot, A B; Glasby, T M; Airoldi, L; Mitchell, A; Dafforn, K A

    2017-03-15

    Urbanisation in terrestrial systems has driven architects, planners, ecologists and engineers to collaborate on the design and creation of more sustainable structures. Examples include the development of 'green infrastructure' and the introduction of wildlife corridors that mitigate urban stressors and provide positive ecological outcomes. In contrast, efforts to minimise the impacts of urban developments in marine environments have been far more restricted in their extent and scope, and have often overlooked the ecological role of the built environment as potential habitat. Urban foreshore developments, i.e. those built on the interface of intertidal and/or subtidal zones, have the potential to incorporate clear multi-functional outcomes, by supporting novel ecosystems. We present a step-by-step eco-engineering framework for 'building blue' that will allow coastal managers to facilitate planning and construction of sustainable foreshore developments. Adopting such an approach will incorporate ecological principles, thereby mitigating some of the environmental impacts, creating more resilient urban infrastructure and environments, and maximising benefits to the multiple stakeholders and users of marine urban waterfronts.

  6. Microbial sewage contamination associated with Superstorm Sandy flooding in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Mullan, G.; Dueker, M.; Sahajpal, R.; Juhl, A. R.

    2013-05-01

    The lower Hudson River Estuary commonly experiences degraded water quality following precipitation events due to the influence of combined sewer overflows. During Super-storm Sandy large scale flooding occurred in many waterfront areas of New York City, including neighborhoods bordering the Gowanus Canal and Newtown Creek Superfund sites known to frequently contain high levels of sewage associated bacteria. Water, sediment, and surface swab samples were collected from Newtown Creek and Gowanus Canal flood impacted streets and basements in the days following the storm, along with samples from the local waterways. Samples were enumerated for the sewage indicating bacterium, Enterococcus, and DNA was extracted and amplified for 16S ribosomal rRNA gene sequence analysis. Waterways were found to have relatively low levels of sewage contamination in the days following the storm. In contrast, much higher levels of Enterococci were detected in basement and storm debris samples and these bacteria were found to persist for many weeks in laboratory incubations. These data suggest that substantial sewage contamination occurred in some flood impacted New York City neighborhoods and that the environmental persistence of flood water associated microbes requires additional study and management attention.

  7. The Sustainability of Mediterranean Port Areas: Environmental Management for Local Regeneration in Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filomena Borriello

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Urban renovation projects, which have led to the conversion of port areas through a new vision of waterfronts as elements of the potential development of the urban system in its entirety, have spread since the early 1950s and now some port cities are able to trigger some mechanisms which, even if they are the result of some processes that have been activated for decades and which are still evolving, are able to amplify and to extend over time their generated positive impacts. These impacts also produce a system of relations in the context of the hinterland, attracted also by policies of economic, social, and cultural development. In the case of the city of Valencia, we have seen, in the last 50 years, a progressive spread of the urbanized area to the coasts, simultaneously with a process of renovation of the port area, which has been populated by important architectures, and which has been equipped by efficient infrastructures and subjected to numerous recovery and restoration operations of its historic buildings. However, the environmental conditions near the port area are not well suited to a good quality of life because ports are pollution producers, sites of urban decay, and of social degradation. A good plan can include some instruments to decrease those negative factors, leading to a close merging between the port area and the city hinterland, and generating new economies. The proposal of this research consists in a method of integrating the port planning with an environmental accounting system.

  8. Abundance and spatial-temporal distribution of the shrimp Xiphopenaeus kroyeri (Decapoda: Penaeidae): an exploited species in southeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, E R; Sancinetti, G S; Fransozo, A; Azevedo, A; Costa, R C

    2016-04-19

    This study evaluated the abundance and spatial-temporal distribution of the shrimp Xiphopenaeus kroyeri in the coastal region of Macaé, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Monthly samples were obtained from March 2008 to February 2010 in six stations located in Inner (5, 10 and 15m depth) and Outer (25, 35 and 45m depth) areas. It was used a commercial fishery boat equipped with an otter-trawl net (3.5 m mouth width, mesh size 20mm and 15mm in the cod end). Water samples were taken for determination of temperature and salinity, and sediment samples for determination of texture and organic matter content. A total of 7146 shrimps were sampled. About 95% of all shrimps were caught in the shallow area, i.e., depths <20m. Greatest abundances were recorded in winter and spring. No significant correlation was observed between sediment (phi) and abundance. The distribution of X. kroyeri in the studied area was closely related to seasonal cold waterfront of the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) and temperature was the main factor affecting the species abundance.

  9. Time-Location Patterns of a Population Living in an Air Pollution Hotspot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangmei (May Wu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study characterized the time-location pattern of 107 residents living in air pollution hotspots, the Waterfront South and Copewood/Davis Streets communities in Camden, NJ. Most residents in the two communities are minority and impoverished individuals. Results showed that employment status played the fundamental role in determining time-location patterns of this study population, and the variations of time-location pattern by season and by day-type were partially attributed to employment status. Compared to the National Human Activity Pattern Survey, the Camden cohort spent significantly more time outdoors (3.8 hours versus 1.8 hours and less time indoors (19.4 hours versus 20.9 hours than the general US population, indicating a higher risk of exposure to ambient air pollution for the Camden cohort. The findings of the study are important for understanding exposure routes and sources for the socioeconomically disadvantaged subgroup and ultimately help develop effective strategies to reduce community exposure to ambient air pollution in “hotspots”.

  10. A Universal Design Study on Vertical Access to Underground Spaces --Taking Underground Spaces of Springs Plaza in Jinan as an Example%地下空间垂直通行无障碍设计研究——以济南市泉城广场地下商业空间为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵忠超

    2012-01-01

    Since China promulgated the universal regulation, universal environment of urban public spaces has been greatly improved. However, interior universal problems still exist. This paper analyzes the universal design issues on vertical access to underground spaces with the case study of Springs Plaza in Jinan, points out the existing problems and their related reasons, and proposes the constructive solutions for underground garage, sinking square and waterfront plaza.%我国颁布实施无障碍法规以来,城市公共空间的无障碍环境得到了极大改善,但室内无障碍问题依然突出。基于此,本文以济南市泉城广场地下商业空间为研究对象,在简要介绍广场基本情况的基础上,分析地下空间垂直通行无障碍设施中存在的问题及主要原因,并针对地下车库、下沉广场和滨水广场的无障碍设计问题,分别探讨具体的解决方案。

  11. The Existing Condition of Mangrove Region of Avicenia marina, Its: Distribution and Functional Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Herison

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mangrove ecosystem existence is important for environment and other organisms because of its ecological and economical values, so that management and preservation of mangrove ecosystem are needed. The purpose of this research was to determine the existing condition of mangrove, both its distribution and its functional transformation in Indah Kapuk Coastal Area. Avicennia marina becomes important as wave attenuation, a form of abrasion antidote. Transect-Square and Spot-Check methods were used to determine the existing condition of A.marina mangrove forests. Autocad program, coordinate converter, Google Earth, Google Map, and Arc View were applied in process of making mangrove distribution map. In western of research location exactly at Station 1 and Station 2, the density value of mangrove was 450 and 825 tree ha-1, respectively with sparse category because they were contaminated by waste and litter. In eastern of research location namely Station 3, Station 4, and Station 5 the mangroves grow well with density value of 650 (sparse, 1,500 (very dense, and 1,200 tree ha-1 (fair, respectively, eventhough the contamination still happened. The mangrove forests around the stations do not function as wave attenuation because there were many waterfront constructions which have replaced the function of mangrove forests to damp the wave. In short, it can be stated that the mangrove's function has changed in a case of wave attenuation. The function of mangrove forests is not determined by mangrove forest density but it is determined by mangrove's free position.

  12. Random-walk mobility analysis of Lisbon's plans for the post-1755 reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sampayo, Mafalda Teixeira; Sousa-Rodrigues, David

    2016-11-01

    The different options for the reconstruction of the city of Lisbon in the aftermath of the 1755 earthquake are studied with an agent-based model based on randomwalks. This method gives a comparative quantitative measure of mobility of the circulation spaces within the city. The plans proposed for the city of Lisbon signified a departure from the medieval mobility city model. The intricacy of the old city circulation spaces is greatly reduced in the new plans and the mobility between different areas is substantially improved. The simulation results of the random-walk model show that those plans keeping the main force lines of the old city presented less improvement in terms ofmobility. The plans that had greater design freedom were, by contrast, easier to navigate. Lisbon's reconstruction followed a plan that included a shift in the traditional notions of mobility. This affected the daily lives of its citizens by potentiating an easy access to the waterfront, simplifying orientation and navigability. Using the random-walk model it is shown how to quantitatively measure the potential that synthetic plans have in terms of the permeability and navigability of different city public spaces.

  13. Marzamemi, an Interesting Case Study of Film-Induced Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Di Blasi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The economy of Marzamemi, a small fishing village in the territory of Pachino, has always been linked to the sea. In the past the main activities were those connected with the tonnara, with the salting of fish and with the maritime commerce of the agricultural products. Later, the village became an important beach resort on a local scale. In the second half of the 1980s, the redevelopment of the waterfront, in the south of Marzamemi, stimulated a mainly local demand from young people attracted by some newly opened outlets connected, above all, with drink and food services. Then, in 1993 the cinema industry arrived in Marzamemi. Since then the old architectural heritage of the historic centre has been restored and used for tourism. Over the last few years, from the last ten days of July until the end of August, the tiny streets and the piazzas of the village have appeared overcrowded with tourists. A dynamism that the official statistical surveys are not able to describe.

  14. Vulnerability of Mediterranean ecosystems to long-term changes along the coast of Israel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Kaniewski

    Full Text Available Although human activity is considered to be a major driving force affecting the distribution and dynamics of Mediterranean ecosystems, the full consequences of projected climate variability and relative sea-level changes on fragile coastal ecosystems for the next century are still unknown. It is unclear how these waterfront ecosystems can be sustained, as well as the services they provide, when relative sea-level rise and global warming are expected to exert even greater pressures in the near future (drought, habitat degradation and accelerated shoreline retreat. Haifa Bay, northern Israel, has recorded a landward sea invasion, with a maximum sea penetration 4,000 years ago, during an important period of urban development and climate instability. Here, we examine the cumulative pressure of climate shifts and relative sea-level changes in order to investigate the patterns and mechanisms behind forest replacement by an open-steppe. We provide a first comprehensive and integrative study for the southern Levant that shows that (i human impact, through urbanization, has been the main driver behind ecological erosion in the past 4,000 years; (ii climate pressures have reinforced this impact; and (iii local coastal changes have played a decisive role in eroding ecosystem resilience. These three parameters, which have closely interacted during the last 4,000 years in Haifa Bay, clearly indicate that for an efficient management of the coastal habitats, anthropogenic pressures linked to urban development must be reduced in order to mitigate the predicted effects of Global Change.

  15. Genetic connectivity between land and sea: the case of the beachflea Orchestia montagui (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Talitridae) in the Mediterranean Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavesi, Laura; Tiedemann, Ralph; De Matthaeis, Elvira; Ketmaier, Valerio

    2013-04-25

    We examined patterns of genetic divergence in 26 Mediterranean populations of the semi-terrestrial beachflea Orchestia montagui using mitochondrial (cytochrome oxidase subunit I), microsatellite (eight loci) and allozymic data. The species typically forms large populations within heaps of dead seagrass leaves stranded on beaches at the waterfront. We adopted a hierarchical geographic sampling to unravel population structure in a species living at the sea-land transition and, hence, likely subjected to dramatically contrasting forces. Mitochondrial DNA showed historical phylogeographic breaks among Adriatic, Ionian and the remaining basins (Tyrrhenian, Western and Eastern Mediterranean Sea) likely caused by the geological and climatic changes of the Pleistocene. Microsatellites (and to a lesser extent allozymes) detected a further subdivision between and within the Western Mediterranean and the Tyrrhenian Sea due to present-day processes. A pattern of isolation by distance was not detected in any of the analyzed data set. We conclude that the population structure of O. montagui is the result of the interplay of two contrasting forces that act on the species population genetic structure. On one hand, the species semi-terrestrial life style would tend to determine the onset of local differences. On the other hand, these differences are partially counter-balanced by passive movements of migrants via rafting on heaps of dead seagrass leaves across sites by sea surface currents. Approximate Bayesian Computations support dispersal at sea as prevalent over terrestrial regionalism.

  16. Beach debris on Aruba, Southern Caribbean: Attribution to local land-based and distal marine-based sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Scisciolo, Tobia; Mijts, Eric N; Becker, Tatiana; Eppinga, Maarten B

    2016-05-15

    Accumulation of marine (plastic) debris from local land-based and distal marine-based sources along coastlines is a pressing modern issue. Hitherto, assessing the relative contribution of pollution sources through beach surveys is methodologically challenging. We surveyed ten beaches along the leeward and windward coastlines of Aruba (southern Caribbean) to determine differences in macro- and meso-debris densities. Differences were quantified using three metrics: 1) the gradient in macro-debris density away from the waterfront; 2) the proportion of plastic within macro-debris; 3) the meso-:macro-debris ratio. Overall 42,585 macro-debris items and 884 meso-debris items were collected. The density of near-shore macro-debris, proportion of plastic debris herein, and meso-:macro-debris ratio were highest on the windward coastline. These results suggest that southern Caribbean windward coastlines are mainly exposed to debris originating from distal marine-based sources, and leeward coastlines to local land-based sources. Our metrics clearly reflect these differences, providing novel means to survey debris source origin.

  17. 基于健康湖泊理念的城市湖泊湖滨带生态建设与保护%Ecological Construction and Protection of Lakeside Based on Healthy Lake Idea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓敏; 徐慧; 张其成

    2013-01-01

    基于健康湖泊“形态合理、生态稳定、抗干扰能力强、景观优美”的理念,从湖滨带功能区划、岸线形态优化、环湖保护控制模式构建、湖滨带生态修复与保护及滨水景观塑造等方面,综合研究了城市湖泊滨水区的生态建设与保护,多角度探讨了湖泊生态建设和保护的思路及具体措施.%Based on the healthy lake concept of "reasonable shape, ecological stability, strong anti-interference capability", construction and protection of the urban lake waterfront is comprehensively studied by considering function division of lakeside, lake morphology optimization, lakeside protection and regulation model, ecological remediation and protection, and water landscape shaping. The ideas and specific measures for construction and protection of lake ecology are discussed.

  18. Understanding the allure of big infrastructure: Jakarta’s Great Garuda Sea Wall Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Colven

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In response to severe flooding in Jakarta, a consortium of Dutch firms in collaboration with the Indonesian government has designed the 'Great Garuda Sea Wall' project. The master plan proposes to construct a sea wall to enclose Jakarta Bay. A new waterfront city will be built on over 1000 hectares (ha of reclaimed land in the shape of the Garuda, Indonesia’s national symbol. By redeveloping North Jakarta, the project promises to realise the world-class city aspirations of Indonesia’s political elites. Heavily reliant on hydrological engineering, hard infrastructure and private capital, the project has been presented by proponents as the optimum way to protect the city from flooding. The project retains its allure among political elites despite not directly addressing land subsidence, understood to be a primary cause of flooding. I demonstrate how this project is driven by a techno-political network that brings together political and economic interests, world-class city discourses, engineering expertise, colonial histories, and postcolonial relations between Jakarta and the Netherlands. Due in part to this network, big infrastructure has long constituted the preferred state response to flooding in Jakarta. I thus make a case for provincialising narratives that claim we are witnessing a return to big infrastructure in water management.

  19. Mechanical performance of SiC three-layer cladding in PWRs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Angelici Avincola, Valentina, E-mail: valentina.avincola@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Guenoun, Pierre, E-mail: pguenoun@mit.edu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Shirvan, Koroush, E-mail: kshirvan@mit.edu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2016-12-15

    Highlights: • FEA calculations of the stress distribution in SiC three-layer cladding. • Simulation of SiC mechanical performance under operation and accident conditions. • Failure probability analysis of SiC in steady-state and accident conditions. - Abstract: The silicon carbide cladding concept is currently under investigation with regard to increasing the accident tolerance and economic performance of light-water reactor fuels. In this work, the stress fields in the multi-layered silicon carbide cladding for LWR fuels are calculated using the commercial finite element analysis software ADINA. The material properties under irradiation are implemented as a function of temperature. The cladding is studied under operating and accident conditions, specifically for the loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA). During the LOCA, the blowdown and the reflood phases are modeled, including the quench waterfront. The calculated stresses along the cladding thickness show a high sensitivity to the assumptions regarding material properties. The resulting stresses are compared with experimental data and the probability of failure is calculated considering a Weibull model.

  20. Human-biometeorological conditions and thermal perception in a Mediterranean coastal park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saaroni, Hadas; Pearlmutter, David; Hatuka, Tali

    2015-10-01

    This study looks at the interrelation of human-biometeorological conditions, physiological thermal stress and subjective thermal perception in the design and use of a new waterfront park in Tel-Aviv, Israel. Our initial assumption was that the park's design would embody a comprehensive response to the area's ever-increasing heat stress and water shortage. However, almost half of it is covered by grass lawns, irrigated with fresh water, while the remaining area is mainly covered with concrete paving, with minimal shading and sparse trees. We hypothesized that stressful thermal conditions would prevail in the park in the summer season and would be expressed in a high discomfort perception of its users. Thermo-physiological stress conditions in a typical summer month were compared with the subjective comfort perceptions of pedestrians surveyed in the park. It was found that even during mid-day hours, the level of thermal stress tends to be relatively mild, owing largely to the strong sea breeze and despite the high intensity of solar radiation. Moreover, it appears that the largely favorable perception of comfort among individuals may also result from socio-cultural aspects related to their satisfaction with the park's aesthetic attractiveness and in fact its very existence. Adaptive planning is proposed for such vulnerable regions, which are expected to experience further aggravation in thermal comfort due to global as well as localized warming trends.

  1. 基于EFDC模型的三白荡岸线生态设计%Shoreline Eco-design of Sanbai Lake Based on EFDC Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常进; 陈星; 张其成; 王卫平; 彭焱梅; 王君诺

    2013-01-01

    基于EFDC模型,模拟三白荡在现状和岸线形态调整条件下不同风向、不同风速的流场模式,并对调整后的湖泊岸线形态进行分析验证,从而提出在确定护岸方案时,应充分考虑生态性与景观性,并结合周边土地利用情况,对三白荡护坡进行分段设计,以构建其独特的滨水景观.%Under different wind direction and velocity,the EFDC model is applied to simulate the flow field mode of Sanbai Lake in terms of its current situation and shoreline's adjustment condition.And then the shoreline morphology after adjustment is validated.On the basis of shoreline morphology adjustment,it should fully consider the ecological of the revetment design and the surrounding land use to make segmented design of the Sanbai Lake revetment and build its unique waterfront landscape.

  2. Between Land and People: A Review of Socioeconomic Issues within the context of Rapid Development in Iskandar Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahid Sultan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In response to globalization and economic competitiveness, Malaysia launched six economic development corridors, covering all the potential areas in Malaysia, and Johor Bahru is one of them. Iskandar Malaysia was launched in 2006 for future economic development in the country as well as to cater the needs of Johor Bahru to modernize its urban and economic infrastructure. Situated in a strategic location and space, Iskandar Malaysia is targeted to be the player of catalytic investment role that will bring direct and indirect investment to Johor. The whole landscape of Johor Bahru is now transforming dramatically, thus worrying the locals and the environmentalists. Environmental issues as well as the concern for social inequality issues have been raised by the locals. Hence, the aim of this study is to address the issues created by the rapid development of Iskandar Malaysia, particularly in Johor Bahru and Nusajaya. The objectives of this paper are to assess the consequences of the coastal land reclamation for Danga Bay waterfront city development and to identify the impact of new-build gentrification towards the local people. The research identifies key social and economic issues and the impacts of these issues have also been identified. To achieve the objective of the study a detailed review on secondary data has been done. The study found that more cooperation and attention from the local authorities, stakeholders and public is needed to ensure urban regeneration and to achieve the objective of social inclusiveness as promised by the vision of Iskandar Malaysia.

  3. To Create a Beautiful Scenery Line of City--The Analysis of River Landscape Design%营造城市靓丽风景线--河流景观设计的探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧玉瑜

    2013-01-01

      城市河流是城市景观的重要组成部分,本文探讨了城市建设对城市河流等滨水区的影响。基于景观环境规划设计的三元素,提出城市河流景观效果可从防洪水利、自然生态、观赏娱乐、文化传承等四方面进行分析,简要介绍了城市河流景观设计的方法。%The urban river is an important part of city landsca-pes. This paper examines the impaction of city construction on city river waterfront. Based on the three elements of landscape planning and design, it proposes city river landscape effect can be analyzed from the flood control, ecological, ornamental and entertainment, cultural heritage and other four aspects, and briefly introduces the method of river city landscape design.

  4. 小议北方城市河流治理——以延吉市河流治理为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵静慧

    2012-01-01

      通过对延吉市的城市河流治理情况简介,阐述这些年来北方滨水城市对城区内河流治理改造的态度和方法。经过实践,我们的规划设计有那些不足和缺陷,在今后的城市河流景观规划设计中,避免因设计手法和思考方法不适当,对河流生态环境造成不利的影响。%  Yanji City of the urban river management briefings on the northern waterfront of these years in urban river regulation on the urban transformation of attitude and approach. After practice, planning and design of our shortcomings and deficiencies which, in the future planning of urban river landscape design, design to avoid improper practices and way of thinking, the ecological environment of rivers adverse effects.

  5. Gross Pollutant Traps: Wet Load Assessment at Sungai Kerayong, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohd Shah, M. R.; Zahari, N. M.; Said, N. F. Md; Sidek, L. M.; Basri, H.; Noor, M. S. F. Md; Husni, M. M. Mohammad; Jajarmizadeh, Milad; Roseli, ZA; Mohd. Dom, N.

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this project is to carry out assessment on the effectiveness and performance of Gross Pollutant Traps (GPTs) stormwater quality control in the urban areas. The study aims to provide a management and planning tool for effective management of the gross pollutants in the urban areas specifically in River of Life (ROL) project. ROL project is a Malaysian Government initiative under the Economic Transformation Program. One of the program in the greater Klang Valley is to transform Klang River into a vibrant and livable waterfront by the year 2020. The main river in ROL catchment is Sungai Klang (upper catchment), with main tributaries Sungai Gombak, Sungai Batu, Sungai Jinjang, Sungai Keroh, Sungai Bunus, Sungai Ampang and Sungai Kerayong. This paper objective is to study the gross pollutant wet load at Sungai Kerayong 1 and Sungai Kerayong 2 which is located at the downstream location of the ROL project. The result shows that Sungai Kerayong 2 produced higher gross pollutant wet load (8025.33 kg/ha/yr) than Sungai Kerayong 1 (4695.12 kg/ha/yr). This could be due to high contributions amounts of gross pollutant traps from residential area, the degree of develop area, and also the location of the river itself related to climate and rainfall.

  6. Urban Water System Planning in Pearl River Delta%珠江三角洲网河区的城市水系规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁励韵; 刘晖

    2012-01-01

    该文以佛山城市水系规划为例,总结了城市连绵区水系的自然特征和管理现状,探索在高度城市化的珠江三角洲网河区编制城市水系规划面临的难点和要解决的重点问题,从水体功能区划、岸线利用、滨水建设管理等方面提出若干规划对策.%Taking Foshan water system planning as an example, the paper sums up the metropolitan area's natural features and management of water status. It also studies the difficulties and key issues of the highly urbanized cities in the Pearl River Delta water system planning. A number of planning measures are made from the water function zoning, shoreline use, waterfront construction management, etc.

  7. The planning and design of Yayao river landscape belt%雅瑶水道滨水景观带规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡舜娜

    2016-01-01

    以雅瑶水道景观带规划设计为例,依据城市河道景观带的设计目标和理念,介绍了景观带的总体布局方式,阐述了雅瑶水道各景观段的设计思路,并对其园路及栈道设计进行了探讨,总结了植物景观的规划设计要点,以创造出充满自然生机和满足游赏休憩需求的滨水景观带。%Taking Yayao river landscape belt planning and design as an example,according to urban river landscape belt design targets and con-cepts,the paper introduces overall landscape belt layout methods,describes Yayao river landscape section design concepts,explores its garden path and gallery road design,and summarizes plant landscape planning and design points,so as to create waterfront landscape belt which not only possessing natural vitality but also meeting touring demands.

  8. Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, S P; Rosman, P C C; Alvarez, C; Schetini, C A F; Souza, R O; Vieira, R H S F

    2015-01-01

    An important tool in environmental management projects and studies due to the complexity of environmental systems, environmental modeling makes it possible to integrate many variables and processes, thereby providing a dynamic view of systems. In this study the bacteriological quality of the coastal waters of Fortaleza (a state capital in Northeastern Brazil) was modeled considering multiple contamination sources. Using the software SisBaHiA, the dispersion of thermotolerant coliforms and Escherichia coli from three sources of contamination (local rivers, storm drains and submarine outfall) was analyzed. The models took into account variations in bacterial decay due to solar radiation and other environmental factors. Fecal pollution discharged from rivers and storm drains is transported westward by coastal currents, contaminating strips of beach water to the left of each storm drain or river. Exception to this condition only occurs on beaches protected by the breakwater of the harbor, where counterclockwise vortexes reverse this behavior. The results of the models were consistent with field measurements taken during the dry and the rainy season. Our results show that the submarine outfall plume was over 2 km from the nearest beach. The storm drains and the Maceió stream are the main factors responsible for the poor water quality on the waterfront of Fortaleza. The depollution of these sources would generate considerable social, health and economic gains for the region.

  9. Abu Dhabi’s New Urban Islands and Shorefront Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El Amrousi Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abu Dhabi is in the process of urbanizing a group of Islands that surround its northern and eastern coastlines. Al-Lulu, Al-Saadiyat, Al- Maryah, Al-Reem and Yas Islands are all new urban enclaves that were desert islands and marshlands yet, have been developed over the past decade to urban islands that include epic and entertainment centres such as the Abu Dhabi Louvre, Guggenheim Museum, Ferrari World, NYU Abu Dhabi, the Paris Sorbonne Abu Dhabi in addition to iconic and exclusive waterfront residential units. These new islands re-brand the image of the main archipelago of Abu Dhabi that for decades retained a grid street pattern and pragmatic concrete blocks created in the late 1970s. The new urban islands transform Abu Dhabi’s image into a multinational modern Arab city seeking to become part of the global city network. Abu Dhabi’s new urban islands also act as breakwaters that protect the main archipelago’s coastline from erosion resulting from tidal change, because they are designed to include concrete and stone breakwater barriers. This paper represents a cross-disciplinary research between Civil Engineering and Architecture Departments in an attempt to explore the emerging infrastructure and urban expansion of Abu Dhabi from a multi-disciplinary perspective. We also highlight through simulating the effect of breakwaters on wave heights two scenarios for Al-Lulu Island the importance of these new barrier Islands on the urban expansion of Abu Dhabi.

  10. Study on the Sewage-received River Harness and Landscape Planning in City River%浅谈城市内排污河的治理与景观规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞

    2012-01-01

    文章介绍和比较了广东韶关市林桥坑采用覆盖建设小游园的方式、日本古川町从改变居民意识入手的长效方案和广州荔枝湾河涌有效而富有地方特色的景观营造方式,认为治理城市河涌的最有效方法是提高市民认知度和建立长效机制。%Three city facing the same problem about the sewage-received river has taken three different construct styles, Shaoguan Linqiao River selected building small garden on the concrete slab, and the Japanese Furukawa selected from a change in resident consciousness of long-term plan, while Guangzhou Lizhi River is taken the best way from the practice. The conclusion is that the difficult problem for the construction of waterfront landscape that how according to the local characteristics of city to the sewage-received river in city.

  11. Accidental and ideal island cities: islanding processes and urban design in Belize City and the urban archipelagos of Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Pigou-Dennis

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores processes of islanding, de-islanding, and re-islanding in the context of island cities. Although today popularly associated with rural, peripheral, and isolated landscapes, concepts of the ideal city coincided in Medieval and Renaissance Europe with emergent notions of the ideal island. Major European cities such as Amsterdam, Paris, and Copenhagen were established on densely urbanized small islands. In accordance with dominant political and military philosophies, they were subsequently developed through comprehensive urban design into vast yet coherent urban archipelagos. In contrast, the contemporary development of Belize City as an island city took place through piecemeal land reclamation, absent comprehensive urban design, resulting in a very different kind of urban archipelago. Neither the coherent European island cities nor Belize City are generally regarded as islands today, yet their histories of urban development evidence the impact of spatial attributes of islandness on urban form. Comprehensive urban design efforts are currently directed at land reclamation and waterfront revitalization in Belize City, aiming to restore Belize City’s island city status. We argue that cities can be islanded, de-islanded, and re-islanded in the minds of their inhabitants and that it is necessary to recognize the connection between ideal islands and ideal cities in order to understand the islanding process in full.

  12. Lines in the Sound : a regional approach to windfarm design and visualization in Howe Sound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flanders, D. [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada). Collaborative for Advanced Landscape Planning

    2008-07-01

    This presentation addressed the issue of designing wind farm to preserve the aesthetic integrity of the areas in which they are located. Designs for wind farms are becomingly increasingly landscape-informed. Wind farms can be designed to reflect the different values and priorities of their respective regions and communities. The author suggested that wind farms should be viewed of as more than just a type of industrial infrastructure. The presentation examined ways in which wind farm proponents in Copenhagen worked with the city's infrastructure to ensure that wind power projects responded to the city's design. Aerial surveys of British Columbia's Squamish waterfront were also presented in order to demonstrate how wind turbines can be placed in a way that enhances the area's aesthetic qualities. Wind farms on agricultural sites can be designed to ensure that they complement agricultural activities. The presentation also discussed wind power projects at the Alice Ridge designed to preserve the site's horizon and viewscape. The visual impacts of potential wind farms are often best assessed using 3-dimensional animation techniques. It was concluded that wind farms can be seen as visual reminders of changing attitudes towards environmental stewardship. tabs., figs.

  13. UAV and Computer Vision in 3D Modeling of Cultural Heritage in Southern Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrile, Vincenzo; Gelsomino, Vincenzo; Bilotta, Giuliana

    2017-08-01

    On the Waterfront Italo Falcomatà of Reggio Calabria you can admire the most extensive tract of the walls of the Hellenistic period of ancient city of Rhegion. The so-called Greek Walls are one of the most significant and visible traces of the past linked to the culture of Ancient Greece in the site of Reggio Calabria territory. Over the years this stretch of wall has always been a part, to the reconstruction of Reggio after the earthquake of 1783, the outer walls at all times, restored countless times, to cope with the degradation of the time and the adjustments to the technical increasingly innovative and sophisticated siege. They were the subject of several studies on history, for the study of the construction techniques and the maintenance and restoration of the same. This note describes the methodology for the implementation of a three-dimensional model of the Greek Walls conducted by the Geomatics Laboratory, belonging to DICEAM Department of University “Mediterranea” of Reggio Calabria. 3D modeling we made is based on imaging techniques, such as Digital Photogrammetry and Computer Vision, by using a drone. The acquired digital images were then processed using commercial software Agisoft PhotoScan. The results denote the goodness of the technique used in the field of cultural heritage, attractive alternative to more expensive and demanding techniques such as laser scanning.

  14. Succession of benthos and nutrient removal rate in the hydroponic culture system; Shokubutsu suiko saibaikei ni okeru konken seibutsu no henka to eiyoen no jokyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aizaki, M. [National Inst. for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan); Nakazato, H. [Biox Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-08-10

    Such nutrients as nitrogen and phosphorus discharged into lakes and rivers can cause organic contamination as a result of eutrophication in water areas if they are left as they are. However, they can be re-utilized as resources if they are utilized more effectively. This paper reports a hydroponic organism filtering method as a promising method of utilization thereof. It also explains transition in organism phase in rhizosphere and a water purification experiment. Such suspended matters as phytoplanktons in raw water are filtered and captured by roots of plants; such small animals as tendipedidae and physia live symbiotically in the rhizosphere; their excrements and nutrients are absorbed into and utilized by plants; and coexistence is made possible between diverse water-front environments including terrestrial systems and diverse living organisms. Cresson cultivation, observation on transition in the benthos composition, and a lake water purification experiment were carried out at the Kasumigaura Lake experimental facility. Various findings were acquired such that, in order to attain diverse coexistences including those with natural enemies and well-ventilated environments, a water channel of larger than a certain size is required. Results were also obtained that can be expected as an effective technique that may be used in public water areas. 3 refs., 4 figs.

  15. Model evaluation of faecal contamination in coastal areas affected by urban rivers receiving combined sewer overflows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, T; Kojima, K; Lee, S A; Furumai, H

    2014-01-01

    Odaiba seaside park is one of the most popular waterfronts in Tokyo Bay, but is easily affected by wet weather pollutant loads through combined sewer overflows (CSOs). The monitoring data of Escherichia coli clearly showed high faecal contamination after a rainfall event on 9-11 November 2007. We estimated the amounts of discharge volume and E. coli pollutant loads of urban rivers receiving CSO from rainfall chambers as well as pumping stations and primary effluent discharge. The result suggested that Sumida River and Meguro River were more influential to the Odaiba coastal area than other sources including the nearest wastewater treatment plant. Subsequently, we simulated the dynamic behaviour of E. coli by a three-dimensional (3D) hydro-dynamic and water quality model. The model simulation reproduced that E. coli concentration after the rainfall event increased rapidly at first and later gradually decreased. The simulations with and without inflow pollutant loads from urban rivers suggested that the E. coli concentration can be influenced by the Meguro River just after the rainfall event and Sumida River about 1 week later. From the spatial and temporal distribution of surface E. coli concentration, after at least 6 days from the rainfall event, high faecal contamination spread to the whole of the coastal area.

  16. Procedures for computing site seismicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferritto, John

    1994-02-01

    This report was prepared as part of the Navy's Seismic Hazard Mitigation Program. The Navy has numerous bases located in seismically active regions throughout the world. Safe effective design of waterfront structures requires determining expected earthquake ground motion. The Navy's problem is further complicated by the presence of soft saturated marginal soils that can significantly amplify the levels of seismic shaking as evidenced in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The Naval Facilities Engineering Command's seismic design manual, NAVFAC P355.l, requires a probabilistic assessment of ground motion for design of essential structures. This report presents the basis for the Navy's Seismic Hazard Analysis procedure that was developed and is intended to be used with the Seismic Hazard Analysis computer program and user's manual. This report also presents data on geology and seismology to establish the background for the seismic hazard model developed. The procedure uses the historical epicenter data base and available geologic data, together with source models, recurrence models, and attenuation relationships to compute the probability distribution of site acceleration and an appropriate spectra. This report discusses the developed stochastic model for seismic hazard evaluation and the associated research.

  17. Understanding the Geographies of Transport and Cultural Heritage: Comparing Two Urban Development Programs in Oslo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Tønnesen

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper elaborates on how policies and strategies for sustainable urban development can be understood and shows how development programs can be strategically important and flexible tools in the creation of the modern city. We examine two typical contemporary cases for urban development, inner city/waterfront and modernistic suburbs, using the two areas of transport and cultural heritage as prisms to explore divergences or convergences between the two programs, and ask: How come two urban development programs within the same city turn out so differently? By comparing these programs, urban development trends relating to entrepreneurialism are highlighted. There are clear differences between the two programs under study, and the paper tries to grasp their internal logic in order to shed light on their strengths and weaknesses. While the city center program has much to do with realizing the commercial potential of the area and strengthening sustainable transport through large-scale changes in infrastructure, such means seem to be outside the scope of the suburban program. Meanwhile, cultural heritage is interwoven with entrepreneurial projection-strategies in the city center, whereas heritage sites and projects are used more as a means for social cohesion in the suburb. The paper concludes that the programs vary in the two policy fields in accordance with the institutionalized and anticipated potential of the urban areas in question.

  18. Powers of ten

    CERN Multimedia

    Pyramid FILMS

    1977-01-01

    Powers of Ten is a 1977 short documentary film written and directed by Charles Eames and his wife, Ray. The film depicts the relative scale of the Universe in factors of ten (see also logarithmic scale and order of magnitude). The film begins with an aerial image of a man reclining on a blanket; the view is that of one meter across. The viewpoint, accompanied by expository voiceover, then slowly zooms out to a view ten meters across ( or 101 m in standard form), revealing that the man is picnicking in a park with a female companion. The zoom-out continues, to a view of 100 meters (102 m), then 1 kilometer (103 m), and so on, increasing the perspective—the picnic is revealed to be taking place near Soldier Field on Chicago's waterfront—and continuing to zoom out to a field of view of 1024 meters, or the size of the observable universe. The camera then zooms back in to the picnic, and then to views of negative powers of ten—10-1 m (10 centimeters), and so forth, until we are viewing a carbon nucl...

  19. Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Seward, Alaska: Chapter E in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemke, Richard W.

    1967-01-01

    Seward, in south-central Alaska, was one of the towns most devastated by the Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964. The greater part of Seward is built on an alluvial fan-delta near the head of Resurrection Bay on the southeast coast of the Kenai Peninsula. It is one of the few ports in south-central Alaska that is ice free all year, and the town’s economy is almost entirely dependent upon its port facilities. The Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964, magnitude approximately 8.3–8.4, began at 6:36 p.m. Its epicenter was in the northern part of the Prince William Sound area; focal depth was 20–50 km. Strong ground motion at Seward lasted 3–4 minutes. During the shaking, a strip of land 50–400 feet wide along the Seward waterfront, together with docks and other harbor facilities, slid into Resurrection Bay as a result of large-scale submarine landsliding. Fractures ruptured the ground for'severa1 hundred feet back from the landslide scarps. Additional ground was fractured in the Forest Acres subdivision and on the alluvial floor of the Resurrection River valley; fountaining and sand boils accompanied the ground fracturing. Slide-generated wares, possibly seiche waves, and seismic sea waves crashed onto shore; ware runup was as much as 30 feet above mean lower low water and caused tremendous damage; fire from burning oil tanks added to the destruction. Damage from strong ground motion itself was comparatively minor. Tectonic subsidence of about 3.6 feet resulted in low areas being inundated at high tide. Thirteen people were killed and five were injured as a result of the earthquake. Eighty-six houses were totally destroyed and 260 were heavily damaged. The harbor facilities were almost completely destroyed, and the entire economic base of the town was wiped out. The total cost to replace the destroyed public and private facilities was estimated at $22 million. Seward lies on the axis of the Chugach Mountains geosyncline. The main structural trend in the mapped

  20. 基于行为注记法的休闲街区夜间旅游活动研究%Empirical Research on Night Tourism Activities in Leisure Block Based on Behavioral Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾至欣; 陆明华; 张宁

    2016-01-01

    引入行为注记法对南京门东箍桶巷示范片区夜间旅游活动进行调研。通过分析旅游者行为与季节、节假日、夜晚时间点和休闲街区空间布局的相关性来研究夜游活动的时空规律。结果表明:人们习惯于在节假日、夏季夜晚出游,其中女性和中年旅游者比例最高,活动方式以动态活动为主,在19:30和20:30达到出游高峰;休闲街区人群密度与静态活动分布具有一致性,有多样吸引物的复合空间吸引力较大,女性对滨水空间、观影空间和手工艺展示区情有独钟,青少年偏爱滨水空间,而老年旅游者多集聚在亭廊空间中,中年人是户外咖啡座的主要使用人群。掌握不同旅游人群需求、拓展夜游时间广度、复合利用街区空间是休闲街区夜游开发应重视的问题。%Based on the behavioral mapping study theory, Nanjing Mendong Gutong Lane Demonstration Area was chosen as a sample to study night tourism activities. Correlation analysis of outdoor night tourism activities be-tween many indicators such as seasonal variation, holiday-weekdays variation, time rhythm, spatially layout and tour-ists feature were carried out. The research found that people used to do outdoor activities at holiday or summer night, women and middle-ager were the major parts of them, active tourists accounted for the main part of nighttime tourists. The number of nighttime tourists reached its peak in 19:30 and 20:30. Density of leisure block was coincided with spatial distribution of sedentary tourists. Complex spaces with diversity attractions were more attractive to tourists. Women were fond of waterfront space, movie space and crafts display area. The middle-age tourists were the main us-ers of the outdoor cafe. Teenagers preferred the waterfront space, while the elderly liked to gathered in the gallery space. The study shows that understanding the needs of tourists, expanding the time for night

  1. Grandi e piccoli eventi nelle città di mare per mutamenti urbani sostenibili: i casi studio di Lorient e Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Clemente

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In generale, i grandi eventi sono considerati dalle città come la possibilità di realizzare nuove architetture e infrastrutture, per migliorare gli spazi pubblici e dare risonanza internazionale alla città stessa. In molte città contemporanee, la ristrutturazione economica e la riqualificazione urbana posto gli eventi al centro delle strategie di cambiamento.Spesso, tuttavia, questi interventi richiedono un tempo molto breve e investimenti elevati, che non sempre hanno un effetto duraturo nel tempo, con edifici e spazi che, dopo l'evento, si trasformano in spazi pubblici inutilizzati o edifici che devono essere riqualificati.Le città costiere rappresentano un campo privilegiato di analisi per approfondire le dinamiche dei processi di sviluppo e di rigenerazione connessi ad eventi.Alcune città hanno potenziato la propria identità marittima sviluppando attività legate alla vela, eventi sportivi velici e la nautica da diporto, promuovendo la crescita sociale ed economica, nonché la riqualificazione delle aree dismesse. Il recupero di questa identità è il punto di partenza per migliorare la qualità urbana e attrarre grandi eventi, sviluppando la competitività in un circolo virtuoso.L'immagine di queste città è migliorata, a livello locale, nazionale e internazionale, promuovendo processi di riqualificazione che hanno coinvolto i responsabili politici, gli utenti della città e gli stakeolders.Nei casi di successo, i grandi e i piccoli eventi rappresentano tessere di un mosaico più ampio, una visione della città fondata sulla identità marittima e il progetto di riqualificazione del waterfront è stato in grado di rafforzare le relazioni con le aree urbane esistenti.Il saggio propone due casi di studio europei, le città di Lorient e Valencia, mettendo in evidenza il ruolo della pianificazione a lungo termine nei processi di rigenerazione.La città di Lorient, in linea con la sua storia, ha iniziato un processo di rigenerazione

  2. Mercury in Sediment, Water, and Biota of Sinclair Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington, 1989-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulson, Anthony J.; Keys, Morgan E.; Scholting, Kelly L.

    2010-01-01

    Historical records of mercury contamination in dated sediment cores from Sinclair Inlet are coincidental with activities at the U.S. Navy Puget Sound Naval Shipyard; peak total mercury concentrations occurred around World War II. After World War II, better metallurgical management practices and environmental regulations reduced mercury contamination, but total mercury concentrations in surface sediment of Sinclair Inlet have decreased slowly because of the low rate of sedimentation relative to the vertical mixing within sediment. The slopes of linear regressions between the total mercury and total organic carbon concentrations of sediment offshore of Puget Sound urban areas was the best indicator of general mercury contamination above pre-industrial levels. Prior to the 2000-01 remediation, this indicator placed Sinclair Inlet in the tier of estuaries with the highest level of mercury contamination, along with Bellingham Bay in northern Puget Sound and Elliott Bay near Seattle. This indicator also suggests that the 2000/2001 remediation dredging had significant positive effect on Sinclair Inlet as a whole. In 2007, about 80 percent of the area of the Bremerton naval complex had sediment total mercury concentrations within about 0.5 milligrams per kilogram of the Sinclair Inlet regression. Three areas adjacent to the waterfront of the Bremerton naval complex have total mercury concentrations above this range and indicate a possible terrestrial source from waterfront areas of Bremerton naval complex. Total mercury concentrations in unfiltered Sinclair Inlet marine waters are about three times higher than those of central Puget Sound, but the small numbers of samples and complex physical and geochemical processes make it difficult to interpret the geographical distribution of mercury in marine waters from Sinclair Inlet. Total mercury concentrations in various biota species were compared among geographical locations and included data of composite samples, individual

  3. A new GIS-based tsunami risk evaluation: MeTHuVA (METU tsunami human vulnerability assessment) at Yenikapı, Istanbul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cankaya, Zeynep Ceren; Suzen, Mehmet Lutfi; Yalciner, Ahmet Cevdet; Kolat, Cagil; Zaytsev, Andrey; Aytore, Betul

    2016-07-01

    Istanbul is a mega city with various coastal utilities located on the northern coast of the Sea of Marmara. At Yenikapı, there are critical vulnerable coastal utilities, structures, and active metropolitan life. Fishery ports, commercial ports, small craft harbors, passenger terminals of intercity maritime transportation, waterfront commercial and/or recreational structures with residential/commercial areas and public utility areas are some examples of coastal utilization that are vulnerable to marine disasters. Therefore, the tsunami risk in the Yenikapı region is an important issue for Istanbul. In this study, a new methodology for tsunami vulnerability assessment for areas susceptible to tsunami is proposed, in which the Yenikapı region is chosen as a case study. Available datasets from the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality and Turkish Navy are used as inputs for high-resolution GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) evaluation of tsunami risk in Yenikapı. Bathymetry and topography database is used for high-resolution tsunami numerical modeling where the tsunami hazard, in terms of coastal inundation, is deterministically computed using the NAMI DANCE numerical code, considering earthquake worst case scenarios. In order to define the tsunami human vulnerability of the region, two different aspects, vulnerability at location and evacuation resilience maps were created using the analytical hierarchical process (AHP) method of MCDA. A vulnerability at location map is composed of metropolitan use, geology, elevation, and distance from shoreline layers, whereas an evacuation resilience map is formed by slope, distance within flat areas, distance to buildings, and distance to road networks layers. The tsunami risk map is then computed by the proposed new relationship which uses flow depth maps, vulnerability at location maps, and evacuation resilience maps.

  4. 生态水景——规划设计是关键%Planning and Design: Key to Ecological Waterscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈跃中; 唐艳红

    2011-01-01

    Many cities across the world are striving to achieve a waterscape where there is ample visual and physical public access and at the same time is sustainable and ecological. Conventional design for waterscape usually results in high energy and maintenance cost. Landscape architect should seek all methods in their professional practice to create high water quality and aesthetic standards while minimizing maintenance and environmental cost. Successful design should be accessible, functional, sustainable, anticipatable and fair to the public; the key elements for waterfront design are plant material, edge of water and imagination. The design of the three recent projects in Beijing, the Tongzhou part of Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, Wenyu River Ecological Corridor (Chaoyang part), and Kunyu River Ecological Corridor has shown attempts to incorporate sustainable design method and cultural elements in a unique way.%许多城市的滨水景区既是视线焦点,也是公共区,景观设计应致力将其打造成可持续的生态水景,而不是常规的高耗能、高成本养护的水景设计,景观设计应兼顾可达性、实用性、生态性、参与性和公平性,其中以生态性尤为重要,营造生态水景可以从植物、驳岸设计和意境营造3个方而着手.以北京地区的京杭大运河北京通州段、北京温愉河生态走廊(朝阳段)和昆玉河生态水景走廊的设计为例解读城市生态廊道的营造实践.

  5. Deformation analysis and prediction of bank protection structure with river level fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Rui; Xing, Yixuan

    2017-04-01

    Bank structure is an important barrier to maintain the safety of the embankment. The deformation of bank protection structure is not only affected by soil pressure caused by the excavation of the riverway, but also by the water pressure caused river water level fluctuations. Thus, it is necessary to establish a coupled soil-water model to analyze the deformation of bank structure. Based on Druck-Prager failure criteria and groundwater seepage theory, a numerical model of bank protection structure with consideration of the pore water pressure of soil mass is established. According to the measured river level data with seasonal fluctuating, numerical analysis of the deformation of bank protection structure is implemented. The simulation results show that the river water level fluctuation has clear influence on the maximum lateral displacement of the pile. Meanwhile, the distribution of plastic zone is related to the depth of groundwater level. Finally, according to the river water level data of the recent ten years, we analyze the deformation of the bank structure under extreme river level. The result shows that, compared with the scenario of extreme high river level, the horizontal displacement of bank protection structure is larger (up to 65mm) under extreme low river level, which is a potential risk to the embankment. Reference Schweiger H F. On the use of drucker-prager failure criteria for earth pressure problems[J]. Computers and Geotechnics, 1994, 16(3): 223-246. DING Yong-chun,CHENG Ze-kun. Numerical study on performance of waterfront excavation[J]. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering,2013,35(2):515-521. Wu L M, Wang Z Q. Three gorges reservoir water level fluctuation influents on the stability of the slope[J]. Advanced Materials Research. Trans Tech Publications, 2013, 739: 283-286.

  6. Globalización y ciudad: la reinvención de espacios urbanos en América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luque Azcona, Emilio José

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyse some of the main effects that the phenomenon of globalization is having on Latin American urban environment, specifically how local authorities have been implementing large scale projects policies in urban areas in order to attract investors and visitors. With this purpose some characteristics of experiences of intervention in historic quarters and waterfronts are described, as these spaces constitute the new main showcases used by several cities for the construction of a more attractive image of themselves. A balance of the results obtained until now with these initiatives and some of the conflicts arising at the local level are also included.

    El presente trabajo analiza algunos de los principales efectos que el fenómeno de la globalización está teniendo sobre el medio urbano latinoamericano. Concretamente, la puesta en marcha por parte de gobiernos locales de proyectos de gran envergadura de cara a la atracción de inversiones y visitantes. Para ello, se describen las características principales de experiencias concretas de intervención, tanto en barrios y centros históricos como en antiguos frentes costeros urbanos, por constituir estos los principales marcos espaciales con los que algunas ciudades han pretendido la conformación de una imagen más atractiva de ellas mismas. Asimismo, se realiza un balance de los resultados obtenidos hasta el momento por este tipo de iniciativas y se tratan algunos de los conflictos que han generado en el ámbito de lo local.

  7. Quail egg safety and trade on beaches of Salvador (BA: a study from a child labor perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Permínio Oliveira Vidal Júnior

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the trade and microbiological quality of boiled quail eggs on the waterfront of Salvador , Bahia, Brazil, from the child labor perspective. METHODS: This cross-sectional study administered semi-structured questionnaires to 40 underage vendors and performed the microbiological assessment of 40 quail egg samples as follows: mesophilic aerobic microorganism count, coagulase-positive staphylococcus count, estimation of the most probable number of total and thermotolerant coliforms/Escherichia coli, and testing for Salmonella spp.. The results were compared with the standards provided by the Resolution RDC nº 12/2001, National Sanitary Surveillance Agency. RESULTS: The vendors were mostly female (57.5% students (95.0% aged 8 to 17 years. The most common reason for working was supplementation of the family income (57.5%. The mean gross income was R$38.31/day. Most of them presented inadequate personal hygiene but they recognized that foods could cause diseases. Many (47.5% vendors reported washing their hands up to twice daily. Mean mesophilic aerobic microorganism and coagulase-positive staphylococcus counts were 2.43 and 2.01 log colony-forming unit/g, respectively, and the estimated thermotolerant coliform contamination was 0.98 log most probable number/g. Escherichia coli was found in 15.0% of the samples and none contained Salmonella spp. Most (55.0% samples were noncompliant with the legislation. CONCLUSION: The results evidenced the presence of minors selling quail eggs on beaches of Salvador and suggest risk to consumers' health because of the detected contamination and vendors' ignorance of principles of hygiene.

  8. Isolation and identification of pathogenic free-living amoeba from surface and tap water of Shiraz City using morphological and molecular methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armand, B; Motazedian, M H; Asgari, Q

    2016-01-01

    Free-living amoebae (FLA) are the most abundant and widely distributed protozoa in the environment. An investigation was conducted to determine the presence of free-living amoebae (FLA), Acanthamoeba and Vermamoeba in waterfronts of parks and squares and tap water of Shiraz City, Iran. FLA are considered pathogenic for human. These ubiquitous organisms have been isolated from different environments such as water, soil, and air. Eighty-two water samples were collected from different places of Shiraz City during the summer of 2013. All samples were processed in Dept. of Parasitology and Mycology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Fars, Iran. Samples were screened for FLA and identified by morphological characters in the cultures, PCR amplification targeting specific genes for each genus and sequencing determined frequent species and genotypes base on NCBI database. Overall, 48 samples were positive for Acanthamoeba and Vermamoeba in non-nutrient agar culture based on morphological characteristics. The PCR examination was done successfully. Sequencing results were revealed T4 (62.96 %) genotypes as the most common genotype of Acanthamoeba in the Shiraz water sources. In addition, T5 (33.33 %) and T15 (3.71 %) were isolated from water supplies. Vermamoeba vermiformis was known the dominant species from this genus. The high frequency of Acanthamoeba spp. and Vermamoeba in different environmental water sources of Shiraz is an alert for the public health related to water sources. The result highlights a need for taking more attention to water supplies in order to prevent illnesses related to free-living amoebae.

  9. Variations in population vulnerability to tectonic and landslide-related tsunami hazards in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Nathan J.; Peters, Jeff

    2015-01-01

    Effective tsunami risk reduction requires an understanding of how at-risk populations are specifically vulnerable to tsunami threats. Vulnerability assessments primarily have been based on single hazard zones, even though a coastal community may be threatened by multiple tsunami sources that vary locally in terms of inundation extents and wave arrival times. We use the Alaskan coastal communities of Cordova, Kodiak, Seward, Valdez, and Whittier (USA), as a case study to explore population vulnerability to multiple tsunami threats. We use anisotropic pedestrian evacuation models to assess variations in population exposure as a function of travel time out of hazard zones associated with tectonic and landslide-related tsunamis (based on scenarios similar to the 1964 M w9.2 Good Friday earthquake and tsunami disaster). Results demonstrate that there are thousands of residents, employees, and business customers in tsunami hazard zones associated with tectonically generated waves, but that at-risk individuals will likely have sufficient time to evacuate to high ground before waves are estimated to arrive 30–60 min after generation. Tsunami hazard zones associated with submarine landslides initiated by a subduction zone earthquake are smaller and contain fewer people, but many at-risk individuals may not have enough time to evacuate as waves are estimated to arrive in 1–2 min and evacuations may need to occur during earthquake ground shaking. For all hazard zones, employees and customers at businesses far outnumber residents at their homes and evacuation travel times are highest on docks and along waterfronts. Results suggest that population vulnerability studies related to tsunami hazards should recognize non-residential populations and differences in wave arrival times if emergency managers are to develop realistic preparedness and outreach efforts.

  10. Caves of Steel: Mapping Hong Kong in the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan D. Solomon

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Hong Kong’s extraordinary density, the results of a unique geography, economy, and political history, is often represented in cramped housing conditions, unusual sectional conditions, and variations on building typologies. This paper argues that Hong Kong’s density, in combination with its climate and consumer economy, has in fact effected a wholesale interiorisation of public society unprecedented in contemporary urban form. 'Caves of Steel' is borrowed from the title of a 1954 novel by science fiction master Isaac Azimov, in which humanity has been divided into interior and exterior factions. The radical separation of public society in Hong Kong that accompanies the growing disparity of interior and exterior urban space is perhaps better understood through Manuel DeLanda’s (Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy, 2002 application of the terms ‘intensive’ and ‘extensive’ from the physical sciences to a description of abstract space. Through Reiser (Atlas of Novel Tectonics, 2005 ‘intensive’ and ‘extensive’ properties may be understood in the urban context as competing and collaborating ‘infrastructural’ and ‘topological’ conditions. In Hong Kong the infrastructural (dense interiorised infrastructure of multilevel shopping warrens and the topological (vast open topology of country parks, new towns, and industrial estates exist often in immediate proximity, while the gap between their respective public societies continues to grow. Recent proposals for the development of a variety of sites on Hong Kong’s Victoria Harbour waterfront are examined in detail as a case study of this condition and its attendant effects on mapping complex and three-dimensional urban conditions, on notions of post-colonial and post-industrial image and identity, and on the evolution of public space in an Asian context.

  11. City and the sea: maritime identity for urban sustainable regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Clemente

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary shape of cities by the sea is the result of the synthesis between urban culture and maritime culture – a synthesis that is full of charm and semantic values. The harmonious union of maritime culture and urban culture offers a different point of view – the one that Konvitz defined as “Urban maritime culture” (Konvitz, 1978 – for appreciating the coastal human settlements.Cities by the sea have been a really central theme in architectural and urban debate of last few decades. The suggestion behind the research is that to understand coastal and port cities we must move our point of view from the mainland on the sea – actually we must refer to maritime culture to understand urban culture in the city by the sea.The contribution describes the main research findings related to several studies that, since 2009, the Group "City and Architecture" in the National Research Council of Italy has carried out about the relationship between city and sea. The starting point is to consider the maritime interpretation of seaside cities as a relevant issue for an innovative research related to urban planning and design in coastal urban areas.The first phase of the research project has concerned with an original multidisciplinary methodology based on a mindful maritime re-interpretation of architectures and urban spaces and, more generally, of coastal urban areas. The second phase is aimed to refer the research results to real case studies with the broad involvement of multidisciplinary scholars, stakeholders and policy.The approach has permitted a review of the waterfront renewal processes – in ever greater numbers over the last fifty years – in a very different way. The objective is to define innovative methodologies and strategies for enhancing maritime identity as key tool for the urban sustainable regeneration of cities by the sea.

  12. The four things a service business must get right.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frei, Frances X

    2008-04-01

    Many of the management tools and techniques used in service businesses were designed to tackle the challenges of product companies. Although they are valuable to service managers, they aren't sufficient for success. In this article, Harvard Business School's Frei explains why and urges companies to add some new ones to the mix. After years of extensive research and analysis, she offers an approach for crafting a profitable service business based on four critical elements: the design of the offering, employee management, customer management, and the funding mechanism. Just like a product that's going to market, a service needs to be compellingly designed, and management must field a workforce capable of producing it at an attractive price. Additionally, however, service firms must manage their customers, who do not simply use the service but also can be integral to its production: Because customers' involvement as producers can wreak havoc on costs, companies must also develop creative ways to fund their distinctive offerings, by providing a self-service alternative, for example, or by offsetting expenses with operational savings. A close look at successful service businesses--Wal-Mart, Commerce Bank, the Cleveland Clinic, and others--reveals that effective integration of the four elements is key. There is no "right" way to combine them; the appropriate design of one depends upon the other three. If managers don't get all four pulling together, they risk pulling the enterprise apart. Incumbents can fend off attacks from highly focused upstarts by becoming multifocused--that is, by pursuing multiple niches through optimized service models rather than trying to cover the entire waterfront with one model. Shared services within a firm (functions such as HR and finance) can help, since they will enable it to generate economies of scale and experience across models.

  13. Place-based Learning Collaboration: Promoting climate, ocean and data literacy by hosting a CO2 buoy from NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Lab at the Exploratorium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, M. K.; Sabine, C. L.; Maenner, S.; Sutton, A.; Raleigh, C.

    2015-12-01

    The Exploratorium's new museum site on the San Francisco waterfront is a unique location for place-based learning about climate impacts on the ocean. With access to the Bay and surrounding environment, and strong partnerships with a national network of NOAA scientists and local researchers, the museum can serve as an educational node for a variety of atmosphere and ocean observing networks. The most visible and iconic instrument at the museum's Pier 15 location is a CO2 buoy from NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Lab in Seattle. Part of an international network of real-time ocean acidification sensors, the NOAA buoy streams temperature, salinity, atmospheric and surface water CO2 data from the Exploratorium location to NOAA. Near real-time and archived ocean and atmosphere carbon data is displayed in the museum's Bay Observatory along with other water quality, weather, and air quality conditions. Displaying both the instruments and the data they provide gives the public a better understanding of where climate data comes from, how scientists make meaning from time series data, and the value of long-term observation in understanding climate change and the ways that humans impact the environment. However, creating interactive exhibits from environmental data presents many challenges, including interpreting complex earth systems and biological and human interactions. What is the impact of the adjacent urban center and the estuary on the Bay's carbon content? How do we tease out long-term trends from the local variability? How do we connect the place-based learning to global processes and impacts? We'll address some of these challenges in the presentation and include the importance of collaborative partnerships between informal education institutions and researchers in place-based education about climate and environmental change.

  14. Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, on the communities of Kodiak and nearby islands: Chapter F in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachadoorian, Reuben; Plafker, George

    1967-01-01

    The great earthquake (Richter magnitude of 8.4–8.5) that struck south-central Alaska at 5:36 p.m., Alaska standard time, on March 27, 1964 (03:36, March 28, Greenwich mean time), was felt in every community on Kodiak Island and the nearby islands. It was the most severe earthquake to strike this part of Alaska in modern time, and took the lives of 18 persons in the area by drowning; this includes two in Kodiak and three at Kaguyak. Property damage and loss of income to the communities is estimated at more than $45 million. The largest community, Kodiak, had the greatest loss from the earthquake. Damage was caused chiefly by 5.6 feet of tectonic subsidence and a train of 10 seismic sea waves that inundated the low-lying areas of the town. The seismic sea waves destroyed all but one of the docking facilities and more than 215 structures; many other structures were severely damaged. The waves struck the town during the evening hours of March 27 and early morning hours of March 28. They moved from the southwest and northeast: and reached their maximum height of 20–30 feet above mean lower low water at Shahafka Cove between 11:00 and 11:45 p.m., March 27. The violently destructive seismic sea waves not only severely damaged homes, shops, and naval-station structures but also temporarily crippled the fishing industry in Kodiak by destroying the processing plants and most of the fishing vessels. The waves scoured out 10 feet of sediments in the channel between Kodiak Island and Near Island and exposed bedrock. This bedrock presented a major post-earthquake construction problem because no sediments remained into which piles could be driven for foundations of waterfront facilities. Because of tectonic subsidence, high tides now flood Mission and Potatopatch Lakes which, before the earthquake, had not been subject to tidal action. The subsidence also accelerated erosion of the unconsolidated sediments along the shoreline in the city of Kodiak. Seismic shaking lasted 4

  15. Scientists and Science Museums: Forging New Collaborations to Interpret the Environment and Engage Public Audiences in Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, M. K.; Bartels, D.; Schwartzenberg, S.; Andrews, M. S.

    2011-12-01

    The Exploratorium engages Americans on issues of climate change, and energy use and production in a distinctive way; using a multilayered approach emphasizing all of the Exploratorium's strengths, not simply exhibitions. Specifically, the institution gives people access to the latest science research and researchers, provides the inquiry skills and basic science needed to make sense of this research, studies perception and cognition and how we come to believe what we believe, and sets up social communities and spaces for people to test their ideas and understandings with others. Using exhibits, the web and other media, visualization technology, building architecture, physical spaces, classes and professional education the Exploratorium achieves this multilayered approach. This powerful combination enhances people's own ability to make sound, evidence-based decisions for themselves, their families, and their communities. In 2013, the Exploratorium will move from its current home in the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco to a waterfront campus with access to the bay and outdoor platforms for instrumentation and observation. This will allow program and exhibit development in the environmental sciences that focuses on natural phenomena and physical and biological systems. Some current and planned Exploratorium projects with an emphasis on global climate change and potential for further development in the new location: 1. An Observatory building, where visitors can investigate Bay waters and climate. 2. Wired Pier, a suite of environmental sensors that will track local conditions over time and connect to larger observing networks regionally and globally 3. NOAA education and climate science partnership, including a scientist-in-residence program for training front-line staff 4. Global Climate Change Research Explorer website enabling visitors to observe current climate data or analyze evidence. 5. The Ice Stories project which trained polar scientists in media

  16. As Práticas Turísticas na Orla Oeste da Ilha de Mosqueiro, Região Metropolitana de Belém, PA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willame de Oliveira Ribeiro

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 A Ilha do Mosqueiro pertence ao município de Belém, mas localiza-se a 77 km da sua sede. A Ilha teve seu processo de valorização para o Turismo iniciado no período áureo da economia da borracha e se acelerou com a implantação da ponte ligando-a ao continente, durante a década de 1970. Este artigo objetiva apresentar as práticas turísticas na orla oeste da Ilha de Mosqueiro, identificando o processo de des-re-territorialização de tais práticas e o viés do [eco] turismo como uma possibilidade de nova significação ao uso da orla oeste da ilha.  Tourist Practices in Waterfront West Island Mosqueiro, metropolitan region of Belém, PA, Brazil - The island Mosqueiro belonging to the municipality of Belem and it is located 77 km from the capital. The process for introduction of tourism practice started in the heyday of the rubber economy and it was accelerated during the 1970s with the build of the bridge connecting the island to the mainland. This article presents the tourism practices on the west of the Ilha do Mosqueiro, identifying the its process of de-re- territorialization and the [eco] tourism as a possibility for new meaning to the use of the western edge of the island.  

  17. Research on the Tourism Marketing Strategy of the New Countryside——"Auspicious Four Seasons" in Wuhan City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    ,strengthening construction of waterfront accessible space and enhancing connection and cooperation with travel agencies.

  18. 基于文化创意产业园的城市空间集聚研究——西方城市经验对武汉的启示%Spatial Agglomeration Study of City Based on Cultural Creative Industry Park:Experience and Inspiration of Western Cities to Wuhan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈铭; 笪玮; 伍超

    2013-01-01

    文化创意产业是当今世界的热点议题之一,国外学者从经济学、社会学、地理学对其进行了多元的探讨和研究.西方国家以促进经济持续繁荣为目标,致力于文化创意产业的发展,取得了丰硕的成果.该文首先从空间角度对发达国家文化创意产业集聚区的经验进行研究分析,发现其成功经验在于将文化创意产业园与城市文化遗产改造、城市滨水空间的营造、大学相结合,并依托城市地域特色和传统文化,寻求差异化的产业发展路径.进而提出对武汉市文化创意产业园规划的具体建议.%Cultural creative industry is one of the global hot topics today.Foreign scholars have done much study about it from economics,sociology,geography.Western cities have been devoted to developing cultural creative industry and have made some progress for promoting the sustainable development of economy.In this article,we analyze the experience about developed cities from spatial angle at first,and find that it's sucess attributed to the reformation about urban cultural heritage,the creating of city waterfront space,combined with universities and relying on city regional characteristics and traditional culture,to seek differentiated industrial development path.At last,we put forward the specific recommendations in cultural creative industry park planning in Wuhan.

  19. Application of a 2D shallow water model to analyze the flow and the use of groins to Project an area of the Amazon river estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves Secretan

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The waterfront of Belém, the capital of Pará State, Brazil, has undergone a beautification process whereby a hydraulic embankment is being executed at a section located at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. A two-way avenue and a leisure and tourist complex will be built on this filled area. Protection of the construction site may be required in order to minimize loss of material during the build up operation and it could serve to maintain the tourist complex as well. Other important point is the impact analysis of the construction on the global flow at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. Thus, a two-dimensional hydrodynamic finite elements model is used to simulate the velocities in the region for three configurations, namely: the first with the natural configuration of the area; the second where the work area is being protected by one groin; and the third one with two groins. The flow simulation for flood tide or ebb tide showed that for flood tide the velocities are higher than those in ebb tide. The simulated velocities with the presence of groins are slower than those simulated with the natural configuration model. Thus, it shows the efficacy of the groins to slow down the currents` velocities. In addition, the groins could protect the section of the revitalized Belém shore. In a general way, the construction does not change the global flow in the region.

  20. Application of a 2D shallow water model to analyze the flow and the use of groins to protect an area of the Amazon river estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel José dos Santos Sena

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The waterfront of Belém, the capital of Pará State, Brazil, has undergone a beautification process whereby a hydraulic embankment is being executed at a section located at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. A two-way avenue and a leisure and tourist complex will be built on this filled area. Protection of the construction site may be required in order to minimize loss of material during the build up operation and it could serve to maintain the tourist complex as well. Other important point is the impact analysis of the construction on the global flow at the confluence of the Guamá River and the Guajará Bay. Thus, a two-dimensional hydrodynamic finite elements model is used to simulate the velocities in the region for three configurations, namely: the first with the natural configuration of the area; the second where the work area is being protected by one groin; and the third one with two groins. The flow simulation for flood tide or ebb tide showed that for flood tide the velocities are higher than those in ebb tide. The simulated velocities with the presence of groins are slower than those simulated with the natural configuration model. Thus, it shows the efficacy of the groins to slow down the currents` velocities. In addition, the groins could protect the section of the revitalized Belém shore. In a general way, the construction does not change the global flow in the region.

  1. Historic Urban Landscape Approach and Port Cities Regeneration: Naples between Identity and Outlook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Di Palma

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to highlight some perspectives for the sustainable development of Naples, to direct future policies for the city. The proposed approach is based on the Historic Urban Landscape, which, being structurally integrated/systemic, allows the relationship between the historic center and the waterfront, as well as many contradictions, to be overcome, which in the city of Naples, have become particularly acute. The notion of Historic Urban Landscape (HUL is the latest contribution to the international debate concerning the identification, preservation and valorization of cultural heritage. This new category, in fact, refers to the notion of context to emphasize the systemic interrelation between economic, social, environmental and cultural factors and the complexity of the framework within which conservation policies are inserted. It is in this perspective that the experiences of planning taking place in Naples are read, as a starting point for an innovative approach to the issue of an integrated conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape and, more generally, of the regeneration of the city. The starting point is the study of the experiences of urban transformation in some European port cities in order to “learn from comparison” to develop a theoretic approach based on the understanding of reality. The comparative analysis of case studies, through the synthesis of the most significant aspects of each port city, allows the relationship that exists between a phenomenon and its context to be understood and the critical success factors to be identified, in order to transfer the knowledge gained from good practices in the processes of regeneration of the city of Naples. Naples, for its stratified urban fabric, rich in tangible and intangible cultural values, and for its particular nodal position within the Mediterranean basin, lends itself effectively to a different approach to urban regeneration, which focuses on the

  2. A Study of Highlighting the Regional Characteristics and Ecological Theme in Modern Landscape Design——Taking the City of Wuliduo Area in Kunming as an Example%彰显地域特色,突出生态主题的现代景观设计探析——以昆明市五里多片区城市更新为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江萍; 周利红

    2012-01-01

    近年来,遍及全国的景观设计方兴未艾,但是许多城市的景观设计抛弃和割裂了历史传统文化,失去了自己最为宝贵的城市个性,造成了城市景观的趋同。同时环境问题日益严峻,生态设计成为主流,因为只有生态的景观设计才能保证人类社会的可持续发展。本文以昆明市五里多片区为例,探讨了集历史文化、工业旧址、滨水空间等特点为一体的旧城片区,在城市更新过程中,如何通过现代景观设计的手段,来体现地域特色,突出生态主题。%In recent years,the landscape design is blooming throughout our country,but many urban landscape design abandoned the traditional national culture,and lost their own individualities,which caused the convergence of urban landscape.At the same time,the environment problem is becoming more and more serious,which makes ecological landscape design become the main stream,because only the ecological landscape design can ensure the sustainable development of human society.This paper takes the city of wu li duo area in Kunming as an example,discussing how to reflect the regional characteristics and highlight the ecological theme of the old areas which integrate the characteristics of history culture,industrial site,waterfront space and so on as a whole by using the modern landscape design means in the process of urban regeneration.

  3. Na-smectite s in the Cala de Tomate bentonite deposit (Spain): a natural analogue of the salinity effect on the bentonite barrier of a rad waste disposal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez del Villar, L.; Pelayo, M.; Fernandez, A.M.; Cozar, J.S. [CIEMAT - Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (CIEMAT/DIRE/CEAGP), Madrid (Spain); Delgado, A.; Reyes, E. [Ciencias de la Tierra y Quimica Ambiental Estacion Experimental del Zaidin Dpt., Granada (Spain); Fernandez-Soler, J.M. [Granada Univ., Dpt. de Mineralogia y Petrologia (Spain); Tsige, M. [Facultad de Ciencias Geologicas, Dpt. de Geodinamica, Madrid (Spain)

    2005-07-01

    Within the framework of the ENRESA programme for the assessment of the long-term behaviour of the bentonite-engineered barrier for a deep radwaste geological repository, analogue studies on several bentonite deposits are conducted at CIEMAT. Among these analogue studies, the thermal effect induced by volcanic intrusions on bentonite deposits is highlighted. In the Cabo de Gata volcanic region, there are several analogue scenarios where these studies have been performed, such as the Cala de Tomate bentonite deposit that was intruded by a pyroxene andesite volcanic dome. However, geological, mineralogical, physicochemical, geochemical and stable isotopic data obtained from the smectites do not allow to establish any analogy with the thermal effect expected on the bentonite-engineered barrier of a deep geological repository after burial. Thus, the bentonitisation processes took place after the intrusion of the dome, as a result of meteoric diagenesis intensively developed on faulting zone affecting the parent pyroclastic acid tuffs. This faulting process occurred after the dome intrusion. However, the physicochemical characteristics of these smectites, specially the exchangeable cations, allow to consider this bentonite deposit as a natural analogue of the saline effect on the clayey barrier. This analogy has been established because Na-smectites are present in this deposit and, up to our present knowledge, it is the first time that these smectites occur naturally in the Cabo de Gata-La Serrata de Nijar volcanic region. As a consequence, the main objectives of this work are: i) to characterise these smectites; ii) to establish their genesis and processes affecting them after their formation and iii) to identify the effects on the bentonite-engineered barrier should it were affected by a Na-rich saline waterfront. (authors)

  4. 芜湖古城的文化空间特征及再生策略——兼论古城保护规划中的历史评价与现实定位%Wuhu Old Town Cultural Space Characters And Regeneration Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李浈; 杨达

    2012-01-01

    Wuhu old town has privileged waterfront location and boasts long traditional cultures. The plan is based on the deliberation of the location, plurality, and uniqueness of historical culture. It raises three zones (ancient music culture zone, traditional customs zone, and preserved zone), three belts (traditional commercial belt, modern commercial belt, and Shenzhan ecological belt) concept from collective memories, cultural spaces, and spatial contexts, to exhibit historical resources, vitalize ancient city life, and improve old town spatial quality.%芜湖古城是距古徽州最近的长江商埠,由于贸易频繁带来的人口流动所产生的文化碰撞,芜湖古城的历史文化呈现多元共存的特征.研究在总结古城文化的群体记忆的集中呈现、文化空间的历史传承,以及经典与时尚的时空演绎三方面的空间特征的基础上,提出古城的再生策略,即以“三区”(古代典礼文化区、传统民俗风情区和保留整治区)、“三带”(传统商业风情带、现代商业延伸带和滨江生态景观带)为主题架构的古城保护规划,以期达到合理展示及利用芜湖古城的历史遗产资源,再现芜湖古城的活力的目的.

  5. Boussinesq Modeling of the 1975 Kitimat, British Columbia Landslide Tsunami

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murty, T.; Watts, P.; Fullarton, M.; Grilli, S. T.; Kirby, J. T.

    2003-12-01

    Mass failures near the head of Kitimat fjord in British Columbia produced water waves that caused severe destruction of waterfront facilities. We revisit this event with the latest numerical models in order to better understand the geological and tsunamigenic processes involved. Mass failure began around low tide near Moon Bay, possibly on account of construction activities taking place there. Retrogressive failure along the fjord floor proceeded over the next several minutes, until it reached the steep fjord head just underneath the Kitimat River. A mass on the steep slope then failed during a single event that is best characterized as an underwater slide in glacial sediments, resulting in an observed depression of the water within the middle of the fjord. This slide was much larger in volume than the initial mass failure, and consequently much more tsunamigenic. The Kitimat event presents many processes that appear to apply to tsunamis in fjords elsewhere. We examine the larger slide volume and linear dimensions based on the available bathymetry. The slide scar is relatively well discerned and extends along the entire slope, in what can be termed a typical fashion. We reproduce tsunami generation of the larger slide with TOPICS and simulate tsunami propagation and inundation with the Boussinesq model FUNWAVE. Our simulation results reproduce the tsunami runup observations, as well as the regions of damage incurred along the shoreline. We also reproduce far-field wave amplitude observations from fishing boats located further south. The agreement between the modeling results and observations suggests that landslide tsunamis in fjords are becoming well-studied events that can yield consistent processes and that can be accurately modeled.

  6. An Attempt at Captive Breeding of the Endangered Newt Echinotriton andersoni, from the Central Ryukyus in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igawa, Takeshi; Sugawara, Hirotaka; Tado, Miyuki; Nishitani, Takuma; Kurabayashi, Atsushi; Islam, Mohammed Mafizul; Oumi, Shohei; Katsuren, Seiki; Fujii, Tamotsu; Sumida, Masayuki

    2013-07-31

    Anderson's crocodile newt (Echinotriton andersoni) is distributed in the Central Ryukyu Islands of southern Japan, but environmental degradation and illegal collection over the last several decades have devastated the local populations. It has therefore been listed as a class B1 endangered species in the IUCN Red List, indicating that it is at high risk of extinction in the wild. The species is also protected by law in both Okinawa and Kagoshima prefectures. An artificial insemination technique using hormonal injections could not be applied to the breeding of this species in the laboratory. In this study we naturally bred the species, and tested a laboratory farming technique using several male and female E. andersoni pairs collected from Okinawa, Amami, and Tokunoshima Islands and subsequently maintained in near-biotopic breeding cages. Among 378 eggs derived from 17 females, 319 (84.4%) became normal tailbud embryos, 274 (72.5%) hatched normally, 213 (56.3%) metamorphosed normally, and 141 (37.3%) became normal two-month-old newts; in addition, 77 one- to three-year-old Tokunoshima newts and 32 Amami larvae are currently still growing normally. Over the last five breeding seasons, eggs were laid in-cage on slopes near the waterfront. Larvae were raised in nets maintained in a temperature-controlled water bath at 20 °C and fed live Tubifex. Metamorphosed newts were transferred to plastic containers containing wet sponges kept in a temperature-controlled incubator at 22.5 °C and fed a cricket diet to promote healthy growth. This is the first published report of successfully propagating an endangered species by using breeding cages in a laboratory setting for captive breeding. Our findings on the natural breeding and raising of larvae and adults are useful in breeding this endangered species and can be applied to the preservation of other similarly wild and endangered species such as E. chinhaiensis.

  7. Venice, the city and the lagoon: a lost relationship?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piero Pedrocco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In June 2011, the Venetians Engineers organized a conference entitled: The Eighth district. The Laguna as a connection matrix. In a world where the concept of “city”, which has become improper, applies to so-called historical centers that increasingly large conurbations, much of the Laguna is peripheral space, where inedited stories and resonant events living with full-blown environmental degradation and decay culture, make it a place of margin. Today, the lagoon and coastal areas are a continuous with the water spaces and islands that separate them, facing with unfinished waterfront towards brackish non-places. In this context, the debates and choices around the Laguna alternate without a unified design. Venice is always less connected with the surroundings by water, and the water itself become a limit to mobility, where, on the contrary, it was the element that guaranteed it.In the renewed debate on development strategies, realized the MOSE, it will be asked for which city it has been made. The conference drew attention to the rediscovery of the central role of the Lagoon. Between local development and global challenges, including heritage and environmental protection. Is it possible to envisage a revitalization of the lagoon system as a matrix of physical and cultural connection? Which opportunities are offered today to the city of Venice to rediscover its amphibious and cosmopolitan size and discover the Laguna as an Eighth District? A place of sites for residence, recreation, work, in a renovated urban dimension across the board, opened towards the spaces of the islands.

  8. Primary Exploration to Landscape Design in the Arid Area:A Case Study on Water System Planning and Landscape Design in Southern Area of Bole City, Xinjiang%干旱地区城市水景设计初探--以新疆博乐市南城水系规划及景观设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锐

    2013-01-01

    水是现实生活中人们最希望亲近、感受的,也是园林景观设计中重要的表达元素。“有水则灵”,表达了中国传统文化对水景重要性的高度概括。但对于干旱地区来说,城市水景的规划和设计却是个难题。以新疆博乐市南城水系规划及景观设计为例,立足整体、可持续发展的视角,在生态保护为先、合理利用水资源为重的基础上,对适应干旱地区城市水景的规划和设计进行了积极探索,以期更好地维系干旱地区水体的生态与平衡上,建构和谐共生的可持续水体系统,营造舒适、宜人的滨水景观空间,建设宜居城市。%Water, a life essential, is also a basic feature to deliver landscape design. According to Chinese culture,‘dynamic’ identify as a fundamental character of water. However, lack of water restricts landscape design in the arid area. This article takes water system planning and landscape design in southern area of Bole City, Xinjiang as a case to analyze an efficient way of using limit water resource to build a sustainable city. It involves in the relations between ecology system, sustainable water system, and waterfront landscape.

  9. Seasonal distribution and interactions between plankton and microplastics in a tropical estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, A. R. A.; Barletta, M.; Costa, M. F.

    2015-11-01

    The seasonal migration of a salt wedge and rainfall were the major factors influencing the spatiotemporal distribution of ichthyoplankton and microplastics along the main channel of the Goiana Estuary, NE Brazil. The most abundant taxa were the clupeids Rhinosardinia bahiensis and Harengula clupeola, followed by the achirid Trinectes maculatus (78.7% of the catch). Estuarine and mangrove larvae (e.g. Anchovia clupeoides, Gobionellus oceanicus), as well as microplastics were ubiquitous. During drier months, the salt wedge reaches the upper estuary and marine larvae (e.g. Cynoscion acoupa) migrated upstream until the zones of coastal waters influence. However, the meeting of waterfronts in the middle estuary forms a barrier that retains the microplastics in the upper and lower estuary most part of the year. During the late dry season, a bloom of zooplankton was followed by a bloom of fish larvae (12.74 ind. 100 m-3) and fish eggs (14.65 ind. 100 m-3) at the lower estuary. During the late rainy season, the high freshwater inflow flushed microplastics, together with the biota, seaward. During this season, a microplastic maximum (14 items 100 m-3) was observed, followed by fish larvae maximum (14.23 ind. 100 m-3) in the lower estuary. In contrast to fish larvae, microplastics presented positive correlation with high rainfall rates, being more strictly associated to flushing out/into the estuary than to seasonal variation in environmental variables. Microplastics represented half of fish larvae density. Comparable densities in the water column increase the chances of interaction between microplastics and fish larvae, including the ingestion of smaller fragments, whose shape and colour are similar to zooplankton prey.

  10. Spectral properties of plant leaves pertaining to urban landscape design of broad-spectrum solar ultraviolet radiation reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimura, Haruka; Zhu, Hui; Wu, Yunying; Ma, Ruijun

    2010-03-01

    Human exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation has important public health implications. Actual human exposure to solar UV radiation depends on ambient UV irradiance, and the latter is influenced by ground reflection. In urban areas with higher reflectivity, UV exposure occurs routinely. To discover the solar UV radiation regulation mechanism of vegetation, the spectral reflectance and transmittance of plant leaves were measured with a spectrophotometer. Typically, higher plants have low leaf reflectance (around 5%) and essentially zero transmittance throughout the UV region regardless of plant species and seasonal change. Accordingly, incident UV radiation decreases to 5% by being reflected and is reduced to zero by passing through a leaf. Therefore, stratified structures of vegetation are working as another terminator of UV rays, protecting whole terrestrial ecosystems, while vegetation at waterfronts contributes to protect aquatic ecosystems. It is possible to protect the human population from harmful UV radiation by urban landscape design of tree shade and the botanical environment. Even thin but uniformly distributed canopy is effective in attenuating UV radiation. To intercept diffuse radiation, UV screening by vertical structures such as hedges should be considered. Reflectivity of vegetation is around 2%, as foliage surfaces reduce incident UV radiation via reflection, while also eliminating it by transmittance. Accordingly, vegetation reduces incident UV radiation to around 2% by reflection. Vegetation influence on ambient UV radiation is broad-spectrum throughout the UV region. Only trees provide cool UV protective shade. Urban landscapes aimed at abating urban heat islands integrated with a reduction of human UV over-exposure would contribute to mitigation of climate change.

  11. Initially detected Eurytrema pancreaticum in Huainan areas of Anhui province%淮南发现胰阔盘吸虫

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙恩涛; 朱玉霞

    2013-01-01

    Objective :To investigate the infection status oi helminthes in the domesticated goat in Huainan areas oi Anhui province, China. Methods : We conducted a randomized biopsy oi the infected domesticated goat from the waterfront areas oi 1 aohe in Huainan city. The parasite specimens obtained were microscopically identified ioi the morphology after preparation by fixation and staining. Results : Six pieces oi adult worms were unexpectedly detected in the pancreatic duct oi domesticated goat, which were identified as Eurytrema pancreaticum. Conclusion: Eurytrema pancreaticum was initially found in the pancreatic duct oi the native goat ranged in Huainan areas, suggesting that it is necessary to call for the attention of public health authorities and farmers to prevent the infection of this helminthes species.%目的:了解淮南地区山羊寄生蠕虫的感染情况.方法:采用蠕虫学剖解法对淮南市窑河沿岸居民饲养的患羊进行随机剖检,获得的虫体经固定、染色后制片,镜下鉴定.结果:在患羊胰管内检出6条血色样的半透明虫体,经鉴定为胰阔盘吸虫成虫.结论:淮南地区居民饲养的山羊体内存在胰阔盘吸虫的感染,应加强胰阔盘吸虫的控制和宣传教育工作.

  12. The Revitalization of Declined Stream Landscape in Urban Regeneration%城市更新中河道退化景观的复育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳颐

    2012-01-01

    探讨了无序的工业化及城市化进程导致城市河道景观的退化及河道景观复育所依赖的理论如自然控制论、三重底线理念及生态与设计的辩证关系,旨在达到与自然的和谐,同时兼顾环境、社会与经济等方面。通过国内外成功实践的案例研究,提出景观复育的设计构想,从河岸景观设计如河岸开放空间、河道生态修复等方面综合复育城市河道的退化景观。%This paper discusses the declined urban stream landscape caused by irrational industrialization and urbanization, and studies the natural control theory, the triple bottom line concept, and the dialectical relationship between ecosystem and project design, which are applied in designing revitalization projects, to achieve harmony with the nature and coordination of environment, society and economy. Through case study of some successful practices at home and abroad, the paper puts forward the author' s concept in de- signing the revitalization of the declined urban stream landscape in the aspects of riverfront landscape de- sign, such as the design of waterfront open spaces and recovery of ecosystem.

  13. The 2nd International Conference on Water Resource and Environment (WRE 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhouli Liu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents 01 The eco-toxicological effects of cadmium stress on five ornamental plants Zhouli Liu, Wei Chen, Xingyuan He, Shuai Yu, Weihang Ding 02 Study on the formation and release mechanisms of hydrogen sulfide in Longtan coal mine Jianjun Liu, Yuliang Wu, Kaixiang Fan 03 Coral bleaching in the North Reef of China’s Xisha Islands in 2014 Yuanchao Li, Xinqing Zheng, Shiquan Chen, Haiqun Xie 04 Soil chemical characteristics in a Cunninghamia lanceolata stand suffering from ice-snow damage Jie Li, Zhuomin Wang, Li Xue 05 Diversity of understory vegetation was under a Cunninghamia lanceolata stand suffering from ice-snow damage Zhiyang Lie, Weilong Huang, Tongtong Zhou, Li Xue 06 The effect of water, nitrogen and harvesting time on yield and biomass allocation of Helianthus tuberosus L. Kai Gao, Tiexia Zhu 07 The vertical variation of microbial communities in the sediment of sea cucumber pond Weiteng Mao, Pei Yu, Xinfang Lv, Yunchun Li 08 Indicating significances of alpine plant functional groups to environmental change Peixi Su, Rui Shi 09 Research on the daily CH4 fluxes of soil in summer mangrove community at Yingluogang of Guangxi, China Yong Jiang, Xingbin Chen, Shichu liang 10 Beach protection structures in middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River Junfeng Xu 11 Social responsibility management of large dam project with owner as core: an empirical case in China Jiwei Zhu, Zhao Zhai, Linan Zhou, Yun Le, Li Cao 12 The ecological function value assessment analysis of urban waterfront Jiwei Zhu, Ping Lu, Zhiqian Huang, Bei Zhou 13 Mechanism of diurnal osmotic potential changes and adjustment of three Caragana species in different habitats of the Inner Mongolia Plateau Zhirong Zheng, Shihai Lv, Chaoyang Feng 14 Biodiversity of phytoplankton and environmental influences analysis of Longfeng Wetland, China Nan Song, Yan Liu, Xinxin Lu, Yawen Fan 15 The effect of human activities on culturable soil microbes from Yaoquan Mountain in

  14. Haptic and Olfactory Experiences of the Perth Foreshore: Case Studies in Sensory History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saren Reid

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The liminal zone where a city meets ‘the water’s edge’ is a place of heightened sensory experiences. In Australia, these settings have been continually reshaped and experienced, individually and collectively, both before and after European settlement, and so they provide a physical domain for reinterpreting Australian history. In Perth, Western Australia, at the turn of the twentieth century, two recreational buildings on the foreshore, the Perth City Baths (1898–1914 and the Water Chute (1905–unknown, promoted new aquatic leisure practices that provided heightened sensory experiences of the Swan River and the city foreshore. These buildings are examined from the perspective of ‘sensory history’, an alternative form of cultural and environmental analysis that has been garnering interest from a range of disciplines over the past several decades (see, for example, the work of Constance Classen, Alain Corbin, David Howes and Mark M Smith. Sensory history seeks to reveal through historical inquiry the informative and exploratory nature of the senses in specific contexts. The potential value of sensory history to studies of built and natural environments lies in drawing attention away from the overweening and frequently generalising dominance of ‘the visual’ as a critical category in humanities research. The case studies explore how evolving swimming practices at the City Baths and ‘shooting the chutes’ at the Water Chute provided novel, exciting and sometimes unpleasant haptic and olfactory experiences and consider how changing forms of recreation allowed for broadly sensuous rather than primarily visual experiences of the foreshore and Swan River. These case studies are part of a larger body of research that seeks to ‘make sense’ of the Perth foreshore and, more broadly, Australian urban waterfronts as sites of varied and evolving sensory experience.

  15. An Attempt at Captive Breeding of the Endangered Newt Echinotriton andersoni, from the Central Ryukyus in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masayuki Sumida

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Anderson’s crocodile newt (Echinotriton andersoni is distributed in the Central Ryukyu Islands of southern Japan, but environmental degradation and illegal collection over the last several decades have devastated the local populations. It has therefore been listed as a class B1 endangered species in the IUCN Red List, indicating that it is at high risk of extinction in the wild. The species is also protected by law in both Okinawa and Kagoshima prefectures. An artificial insemination technique using hormonal injections could not be applied to the breeding of this species in the laboratory. In this study we naturally bred the species, and tested a laboratory farming technique using several male and female E. andersoni pairs collected from Okinawa, Amami, and Tokunoshima Islands and subsequently maintained in near-biotopic breeding cages. Among 378 eggs derived from 17 females, 319 (84.4% became normal tailbud embryos, 274 (72.5% hatched normally, 213 (56.3% metamorphosed normally, and 141 (37.3% became normal two-month-old newts; in addition, 77 one- to three-year-old Tokunoshima newts and 32 Amami larvae are currently still growing normally. Over the last five breeding seasons, eggs were laid in-cage on slopes near the waterfront. Larvae were raised in nets maintained in a temperature-controlled water bath at 20 °C and fed live Tubifex. Metamorphosed newts were transferred to plastic containers containing wet sponges kept in a temperature-controlled incubator at 22.5 °C and fed a cricket diet to promote healthy growth. This is the first published report of successfully propagating an endangered species by using breeding cages in a laboratory setting for captive breeding. Our findings on the natural breeding and raising of larvae and adults are useful in breeding this endangered species and can be applied to the preservation of other similarly wild and endangered species such as E. chinhaiensis.

  16. Underwater: the relationship city-water in Zuid Holland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Francesco Errigo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Netherlands has a coastline of over 400 miles but they have always been characterized by an uneasy relationship with the sea. Because of geomorphology that puts the country on average 5 meters below sea level, the Dutch urban planning, at all levels of government, has always questioned the need to defend themselves from river and marine flooding; over the centuries it has developed a pragmatic approach , enshrined in various national laws and in the establishment of the Ministry of Water Management, which has set as its main objective the defense of the territory from the water. At the moment about 75 % of the Dutch coast is protected by sand dunes that vary its length from 100 meters to several kilometers, 15% of the coast is made up of man-made constructions "hard" structures such as dams, and artificial barriers, while 10% remaining is characterized by flat and very extensive beaches.The relationship between land and sea in the Netherlands has always been characterized by a twofold consideration, the positive sea beach, home of leisure and recreation, fishing and yachting venue; but on the other hand, perhaps the most important, the the sea is seen as Gevaar, as danger and as such must be considered when planning the structure of a future city.In this article, we wanted to investigate this planning approach investigating the coastal area of the city of The Hague, Scheveningen, which is for many centuries considered the most important beach in the country but that, in addition to being home to recreational activities, ricreative & Wellness is constantly faced with the danger of flooding . The dunes defense by the water were in time transformed into a successful waterfront through the project by architect Manuel de Solà Morales, but the same coastline is still affected by numerous urban contradictions; a greatest example of this is the structure of De Pier.

  17. TRIESTE AND ITS PORT AS PARADIGM OF A RENEWED SEA-ORIENTED VISION?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriella Pultrone

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Historically, the identity of the coastal cities is closely linked to the complex relationship with the sea, a primary resource for the origin of the processes of economic growth and territorial transformation, with particular reference to the highly-sensitive border between earth and water, and their dynamics.Dynamics more and more complex in the light  of the issues related to sustainable development, and to EU policies in the field of multimodal transport.In particular, the current guidelines and directives of the EU, the geopolitical changes of the past two decades in an enlarged and projected onto the East and the Mediterranean are favorable conditions for the city of Trieste, able to reacquire a new centrality in the context Euro-Mediterranean as port of a broader territorial system, where the waterfront can be an opportunity to promote a new urban quality and revitalize local identities against the risks of uniformity.These themes must be tackled at the different territorial and institutional levels, in a perspective of governance that implies an increasing participation of different local public and private actors in planning shared scenarios and looking for a delicate equilibrium between local and global dimensions.The need to include the single projects of transformation in a shared strategic vision, the capacity to elaborate an innovative management of plans, projects and partnerships with a strong local character and the decisive importance of time, as a crucial variable in a rapidly evolving context, must be driving forces behind the development of Trieste, so that it can be projected into the future with a new Euro- Mediterranean role, without forgetting the problems connected to sustainability.

  18. Phytoplankton Community of Elechi Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria-A Nutrient-Polluted Tropical Creek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Davies

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Elechi Creek of the Upper Bonny Estuary in the Niger Delta contributes to the Rivers State Fish resources. It is a sink receiving organic anthropogenic wastes from Diobu, Eagle Island and waterfront dwellers of Diobu areas. Fishing, car washing, bathing, swimming and other human activities are constantly going on within and around this creek. Based on these activities, there is urgent need to study the phytoplankton community that supports its fisheries. Approach: The study investigated the phytoplankton composition, diversity, abundance and distribution as well as surface water physico-chemical parameters. Phytoplankton and surface water samples were collected bi-monthly from October 2007-March 2008 at high tide from five stations according to APHA methods. These were analyzed for temperature, transparency, dissolved oxygen, salinity, alkalinity, chloride and nutrients. Phytoplankton was identified microscopically. Species diversity was calculated using standard indices. Results: A total of 169 species of phytoplankton, based on cell counts, was dominated by diatoms, 33255 counts mL-1 (36% and blue-green algae, 32909 counts mL-1 (35.7% were identified. The abundance of phytoplankton decreased downstream of this creek (1>2>3>4 except in station 5 with the highest phytoplankton abundance (23938 counts mL-1. There was slight fluctuation in the measured physico-chemical parameters. The results of this study indicated the characteristic species and distribution of phytoplankton in Elechi Creek during the dry months. Conclusion/Recommendation: The high level of phosphate above the permissive limit showed that this creek is hypereutrophic and organic polluted. The high nutrients status favors the high abundance of phytoplankton. The municipal effluents (especially raw human and animal faces discharges must be discontinued. Detergents with low concentration of phosphate are recommended for manufacturing and use. Municipal wastes must

  19. Using interactive 3D visualisation to educate stakeholders in urban sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falconer, Ruth; Isaacs, John; Blackwood, David

    2010-05-01

    Sustainable decision making in urban design is a complex and non-linear process, which requires the education and interaction of wide variety of stakeholders. A number of sustainable decision support tools have been developed but previous research by the authors has demonstrated that a major barrier to the implementation of tools is the complexity of the environment in which decision are made. In particular, engagement with the general public throughout the decision making process presents challenges in communicating the complex and interdependent facets of sustainability in decisions and also in providing an understanding to stakeholders of the short and long term implications of alternative courses of action. S-City VT, a prototype simulation and visualisation tool, demonstrates the underlying concepts that allow a wider range of stakeholders to understand, interact with and influence decisions regarding sustainability of urban design. Using the Dundee Waterfront Development Project as a case study, S-City VT takes the unique approach of combining computer game technology with computer modelling to present the stakeholder with an interactive virtual development. The virtual development is completely interactive allowing users to change the underlying models as well as the external appearance and location of buildings and other structures within the development. This provides a more interactive experience by allowing the user a one to one relationship with the environment they are interacting with, as opposed to existing off the shelf solutions, such as CAD or BIM, that lack in real time interactivity. S-City VT utilises existing games technology research to allow the rendering of virtual environment on consumer hardware opening up its use to a wider range of participants and venues by not relying on specialist hardware. The visualisation tool employs a number of different methods to display the multivariate sustainability data to the stakeholders. These methods

  20. Tsunami preparedness at the resort facilities along the coast of the Ryukyu Islands - their actions against the 27 February 2010 Okinawan and Chilean tsunami warning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, T.

    2010-12-01

    enjoying on the beach evacuate as quickly as possible might be considered. The author will show the details of the answer to the questionnaire and would like to discuss the best way of the tsunami preparedness at the waterfront resort facilities through this presentation.

  1. 苏州市雨水利用规划研究%Research on Rainwater Utilization Planning in Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁怡; 黄天寅; 袁旭

    2011-01-01

    Based on the natural and geographic environment of Suzhou City, the paper had introduced its water resources condition, rainwater collection system and quality. By taking the Youth Activity Center in the industrial park, new eco-museum in the industrial park, Suzhou Agricultural School and vegetable farm in Jinchang District for example, rainwater utilization in Suzhou City had been investigated and its laws and regulations been explained. On this basis, it had discussed Suzhou rainwater utilization planning, analyzed rainwater utilization planning of squares, urban roads, residential areas, public architectures and eco-parks, utilization of replenishing landscape water at riparian and waterfront belts, and ecological agricultural land construction. It hoped to reduce the load of rainwater pollution, improve the water environment of Suzhou City and further release the demand pressure for excellent water resources through implementing rainwater utilization system and reducing the threat of flood step by step.%结合苏州市的自然地理环境,介绍了其水资源现状,以及苏州市的雨水收集体系及其水质,以工业园区的青少年活动中心、工业园区中新生态馆、苏州农校、金阊区蔬菜园艺场为例,考察了苏州市的雨水利用现状,并且阐释了苏州市雨水利用的法律法规保障.在此基础上探讨苏州市雨水利用规划,分析了广场雨水利用规划,市政道路雨水利用项目,住宅小区、公用建筑、生态公园雨水利用项目,滨河、滨湖带的补充景观水的利用实施方案,以及生态农地建设.以期通过逐步推行雨水利用制度,逐年减少雨洪对苏州市的威胁,削减雨水污染负荷,改善苏州市水体环境,进一步缓解对优质水资源的需求压力.

  2. Coastal Mapping for Baseline Geoscience Knowledge to Support Community Hazard Assessment and Sustainable Development, Eastern Baffin Island, Nunavut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, D. L.; Bell, T.; Campbell, D. C.; Cowan, B.; Deering, R. L.; Hatcher, S. V.; Hughes Clarke, J. E.; Irvine, M.; Manson, G. K.; Smith, I. R.; Edinger, E.

    2015-12-01

    Since 2012 we have carried out extensive multibeam bathymetric and backscatter surveys in coastal waters of eastern Baffin Island, supplemented by sub-bottom imaging and coring. Shore-zone surveys have been undertaken in proximity to the communities of Iqaluit and Qikiqtarjuaq, following earlier work in Clyde River. These support benthic habitat mapping, geological exploration, analysis of past and present sea-level trends, and assessment of coastal hazards relating to climate change and seabed instability. Outputs include a seamless topographic-bathymetric digital elevation model (DEM) of extensive boulder-strewn tidal flats in the large tidal-range setting at Iqaluit, supporting analysis of coastal flooding, wave run-up, and sea-ice impacts on a rapidly developing urban waterfront in the context of climate change. Seabed mapping of inner Frobisher Bay seaward of Iqaluit reveals a potential local tsunami hazard in widespread submarine slope failures, the triggers, magnitudes, and ages of which are the subject of ongoing research. In fjords of the Cumberland Peninsula, this project has mapped numerous submerged delta terraces at 19 to 45 m present water depth. These attest to an early postglacial submerged shoreline, displaced by glacial-isostatic adjustment. It rises linearly over a distance of 100 km east to west, where a submerged boulder barricade on a -16 m shoreline was discovered at a proposed port site in Broughton Channel near Qikiqtarjuaq. Palaeotopographic mapping using the multibeam data revealed an enclosed estuarine environment quite different from the present-day open passage swept by tidal currents. At Clyde River, combined seabed and onshore DEMs with geohazard mapping provided foundation data for community assessment and planning under a local knowledge co-production initiative. The geohazard work identified portions of the town-site more vulnerable to both coastal flooding and potential thaw subsidence, while the shallow delta terrace suggested a

  3. 居住新城交通规划策略——以广州市白云湖为例%Transportation Planning Strategies for New Residential Area: A Case Study in Baiyun Lake, Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 蔡瑞卿

    2011-01-01

    To develop new residential areas at the suburb of mega cities, it is important to establish an effective transportation system for daily commuting travels. Taking Baiyun Lake new residential community in Guangzhou as an example, this paper discusses the transportation characteristics and potential problems facing the new suburban residential area through comparing the Baiyun Lake residential community with the new towns in Hong Kong. Then the paper presents the Baiyun Lake transportation planning indices, and predicts the passenger travel demand. Finally, the paper proposes the transportation planning strategies and action plans for Baiyun Lake area including promoting transit-oriented land use development, improving entrance/exit connecting and interchange system for new roadways, establishing conventional transit system integrated with the urban rail transit network, and developing bicycle and pedestrian system in waterfront area.%构建合理的通勤交通体系对特大城市郊区居住新城的开发至关重要.以广州市白云湖居住新城为例,首先将白云湖地区与香港新市镇进行对比,分析了近郊居住新城的交通特点及面临的问题.然后,提出了白云湖居住新城的交通规划指标体系,并对客流需求进行预测.最后,提出白云湖地区交通规划策略及具体措施,包括以公交为导向优化调整用地布局,完善对新道路出入口衔接与立交系统,构建与城市轨道交通网络衔接的常规公交骨架系统,建立滨水人行道和自行车道网络.

  4. Wide Ranging Insect Infestation of the Pioneer Mangrove Sonneratia alba by Two Insect Species along the Kenyan Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenoh, Elisha Mrabu; Robert, Elisabeth M. R.; Lehmann, Ingo; Kioko, Esther; Bosire, Jared O.; Ngisiange, Noah; Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid; Koedam, Nico

    2016-01-01

    Insect infestation of mangroves currently threatens mangrove forest health and management. In the Western Indian Ocean region, little is known about insect damage to mangroves despite the fact that numerous infestations have occurred. In Kenya, infestations of Sonneratia alba have persisted for almost two decades, yet the taxonomic identity of the infesting pest(s), the extent of infestation, the pests’ biology, the impacts of infestation on host and the ecosystem, the host’s defensive strategies to the infestation are poorly understood. S. alba is a ubiquitous, pioneer mangrove species of the Indo-Pacific, occurring along the waterfront in a variety of mangrove ecosystem settings. Our main objectives were to identify the pest(s) responsible for the current dieback of S. alba in Kenya, and to determine the extent of infestation. To identify the pests responsible for infestation, we trapped emergent insects and reared larvae in the laboratory. To determine the overall extent of infestation within the S. alba zone, we assessed nine sites along the entire Kenyan coastline for the presence or absence of infested mangroves. Insect infestation in two mangrove embayments (Gazi and Mida) was quantified in depth. Two wood-boring insects were identified: a metarbelid moth (Lepidoptera, Cossoidea) of undescribed genus and the beetle Bottegia rubra (Cerambycidae, Lamiinae).The metarbelid moth infests mangroves in both northern (from Ngomeni to Kiunga) and southern regions (from Vanga to Mtwapa) of the Kenyan coast. B. rubra appeared in low density in Gazi, and in high density in Mida, Kilifi, and Ngomeni, with densities gradually decreasing northward. Insect infestation levels reached 18% in Gazi and 25% of S. alba stands in Mida. Our results indicate that B. rubra has the ability to infest young mangrove trees and expand its range, posing a danger to rehabilitation efforts where plantations have been established. Thus, there is great need for forest managers to address

  5. Modeling the Economics of Beach Nourishment Decisions in Response to Coastal Erosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ware, M.; Ashton, A. D.; Hoagland, P.; Jin, D.; Kite-Powell, H.; Lorenzo-Trueba, J.

    2012-12-01

    Beaches are constantly moving and changing. The dynamic transformations of beaches are mostly the result of the erosion of sand, which can occur through movements alongshore caused by waves, movements off-shore due to storms, or submersion due to sea-level rise. Predicted climate change impacts include potential changes in storminess and accelerated sea-level rise, which will lead to increased coastal erosion. At the same time, the number of people residing in coastal communities is increasing. The risks from eroding beaches (increased coastal flooding, damage to infrastructure, and displaced residents) are therefore increasing in number and scale; and coastal residents are taking actions to protect their homes. One such action is beach nourishment, where sand is added to a resident's property in order to widen the beach. We have developed an economic model of beach nourishment decision-making to investigate the relationship between the optimal volume and timing of beach nourishment and factors such as property value, erosion rate, and initial beach width. In this model, waterfront property owners nourish a beach when the losses in net rental income exceed the costs incurred from nourishing the beach. (Rental income is a function of property value, which in turn depends upon the width of the beach.) It is assumed that erosion and sea-level rise are related. We examine different nourishment scenarios, including one-time nourishment in the first year; constant annual nourishment; and a myopic decision process in which the homeowner nourishes the beach if property losses from erosion over the next five years are expected to exceed the cost of nourishment. One-time nourishment delays property flooding for both constant and accelerating sea level rise; however, this delay is more substantial under constant sea level rise. With continual nourishment, the beach can be maintained under constant sea-level rise, provided that the erosion rate is comparable to the additional

  6. The principal time balls of New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinns, Roger

    2017-04-01

    Accurate time signals in New Zealand were important for navigation in the Pacific. Time balls at Wellington and Lyttelton were noted in the 1880 Admiralty list of time signals, with later addition of Otago. The time ball service at Wellington started in March 1864 using the first official observatory in New Zealand, but there was no Wellington time ball service during a long period of waterfront redevelopment during the 1880s. The time ball service restarted in November 1888 at a different harbour location. The original mechanical apparatus was used with a new ball, but the system was destroyed by fire in March 1909 and was never replaced. Instead, a time light service was inaugurated in 1912. The service at Lyttelton, near Christchurch, began in December 1876 after construction of the signal station there. It used telegraph signals from Wellington to regulate the time ball. By the end of 1909, it was the only official time ball in New Zealand, providing a service that lasted until 1934. The Lyttelton time ball tower was an iconic landmark in New Zealand that had been carefully restored. Tragically, the tower collapsed in the 2011 earthquakes and aftershocks that devastated Christchurch. A daily time ball service at Port Chalmers, near Dunedin, started in June 1867, initially using local observatory facilities. The service appears to have been discontinued in October 1877, but was re-established in April 1882 as a weekly service, with control by telegraph from Wellington. The service had been withdrawn altogether by the end of 1909. Auckland never established a reliable time ball service, despite provision of a weekly service for mariners by a public-spirited citizen between August 1864 and June 1866. A time ball was finally installed on the Harbour Board building in 1901, but the signal was unreliable and it ceased in 1902. Complaints from ships' masters led to various proposals to re-establish a service. These concluded with erection of a time ball on the new

  7. Field Observations and Model Predictions of Wave Transformation, Setup, Runup, and Turbulence on a Macro-tidal Beach, Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, J.; Shin, S.; Jun, K.; Shim, J.

    2011-12-01

    also partly supported by the Regional Innovation Center Program (Research Center for Waterfront and New Ocean Energy Development at Kwandong University) of the Ministry of Knowledge Economy.

  8. 水生植物床去除富营养化水源水中藻毒素的机制%Mechanism of microcystin removal from eutrophicated source water by aquatic vegetable bed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋海亮

    2006-01-01

    为净化富营养化水源水中的藻毒素,在太湖湖滨进行了水生植物床(AVB)技术试验.该技术对MC-RR和MC-LR的平均去除率分别达63.0%和66.7%.用酶联免疫吸附法检测发现水生植物根部对藻毒素的富集能力大于茎叶部位.用荧光原位杂交法在AVB的底泥中检测到2种已知的藻毒素降解细菌,证明微生物降解作用的存在.植物根系原生动物相和后生动物相丰富,盾纤虫、钟虫、旋轮虫、腔轮虫是优势种,原生动物和后生动物的捕食作用在蓝藻和藻毒素的去除中发挥着积极作用.%For purifying raw water for tap water treatment, the aquatic vegetable bed (AVB) experiment has been carried out in a hypertrophic waterfront of Taihu Lake, China. The average removal rates of total microcystin-RR and microcystin-LR are 63.0% and 66. 7%, respectively. Experiments indicate that Ipomoea aquatica can absorb microcystin by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the roots absorb more toxins than leaves and stems. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is used to analyze the density of microcystin degrading bacteria in the AVB sediment. Two species of microcystin degrading bacteria are detected, which indicate that microcystin bio-degradation process happened in the AVB. Protozoa and metazoa are abundant in root spheres. Aspidisca sp., Vorticella sp., Philodina sp., and Lecane sp. are dominant species.The predation functions of protozoa and metazoa have a positive effect on the removal of cyanobacteria and microcystin.

  9. 城市岩仓地块景观设计——以温岭市北山公园主入口为例%City Quarry Landscape Designs:A Case Study of Beishan Park Main Entrace in Wenling City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓华

    2012-01-01

    城市化的高速进程,易造成岩仓生态破坏严重、景现形象差及安全隐患的问题.温岭市北山公园主入口设计方案并没有简单地采用传统的覆绿方式,而是运用现代规划设计理念及方法,力图保留场所的特征,延续空间的记忆.空间设计简洁纯净、富有强烈的设计感与时代感,与原有的北山地区岩仓的朴拙粗犷形成强烈的对比,在这种对比之中寻求和谐感.方案将公园主入口共分为5个详细设计区块,分别为自然花境区、瀑布水景区、滨水广场区、儿童游戏区、休闲广场区.考虑到不同人群的需求,塑造城市多元化的开放性空间,突出城市休闲的功能.%Along with the high-speed process of city, il is easy to cause a series of problems such as the quarry zoology is destroyed seriously and landscape image is poor and potential safety hazard. Replacing the traditional way of green covering in the Beishan park main entrance design in Wenling City, we use modern design concept and method to try to retain the place characteristic and extend the memory. The space design of the case is simple and pure, it is full of strong design sense and the sense of the times.The design content and the original rough quarry of Beishan form a sharp contrast, and in this contrast the case seeks a sense of harmony. The park main entrance program will be divided into five detailed design blocks, there are natural flower border area, waterfalls area, waterfront plaza area, children's play area, leisure square area. In consideration of the needs of different groups of people, the case models a plurality of the city open space, highlights the city leisure function.

  10. Examining the economic impacts of hydropower dams on property values using GIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohlen, Curtis; Lewis, Lynne Y

    2009-07-01

    While the era of dam building is largely over in the United States, globally dams are still being proposed and constructed. The articles in this special issue consider many aspects and impacts of dams around the world. This paper examines dam removal and the measurement of the impacts of dams on local community property values. Valuable lessons may be found. In the United States, hundreds of small hydropower dams will come up for relicensing in the coming decade. Whether or not the licenses are renewed and what happens to the dams if the licenses expires is a subject of great debate. Dams are beginning to be removed for river restoration and fisheries restoration and these "end-of-life" decisions may offer lessons for countries proposing or currently building small (and large) hydropower dams. What can these restoration stories tell us? In this paper, we examine the effects of dams along the Penobscot River in Maine (USA) on residential property values. We compare the results to findings from a similar (but ex post dam removal) data set for properties along the Kennebec river in Maine, where the Edwards Dam was removed in 1999. The Penobscot River Restoration Project, an ambitious basin-wide restoration effort, includes plans to remove two dams and decommission a third along the Penobscot River. Dam removal has significant effects on the local environment, and it is reasonable to anticipate that environmental changes will themselves be reflected in changes in property values. Here we examine historical real estate transaction data to examine whether landowners pay a premium or penalty to live near the Penobscot River or near a hydropower generating dam. We find that waterfront landowners on the Penobscot or other water bodies in our study area pay approximately a 16% premium for the privilege of living on the water. Nevertheless, landowners pay LESS to live near the Penobscot River than they do to live further away, contrary to the expectation that bodies of water

  11. 新型城镇化进程中的美丽乡村环境改造研究--以上海崇明庙镇联益村为例%Research on Rural Environment Transform of Beautiful Country in the Process of the New-style Urbanization:A Case Study of Shanghai Chongming Miao Town Lianyi Village

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑春; 刘晨; 王树春; 孙亮

    2016-01-01

    Beautiful country construction in the process of the new-style urbanization is not just to pull down and build, or to deliberately imitate traditional village environment, but should be based on the environmental characteristics of the country itself and integrate its unique cultural features. Taking the improvement of ecological environment as the basic principle, the industrial development as the driving force, the existing construction funds as the premise, and on the basis of making full use of local resources, the construction of beautiful countries should develop local rural customs from multiple aspects, including architectural landscape, road landscape, waterfront landscape, important public landscape and nodes, landscape infrastructure improvements, etc. In addition, limited reform of rural public and private spaces should be implemented, in order to make environmental transformation more practical and sustainable, and to create a distinctive local environment landscape, hoping to provide new ideas and methods for the environment transformation of beautiful countries.%新型城镇化进程中的美丽乡村建设不是大拆大建,也不是刻意仿制传统村落环境,而是应立足于乡村本身的环境特征,融合乡村独有的文化特色,以改善村庄生态环境为基本原则,以产业发展为动力,以现有的建设资金为前提,在充分利用本土资源的基础上,挖掘本土乡村风情,从建筑景观风貌、道路景观、滨河景观、重要公共景观节点和景观基础设施改造等多个方面,实施对乡村公共空间和私人空间的有限改造,以提升环境改造的可实施性和持续性,从而营造具有特色的乡土环境景观,以期为美丽乡村环境改造提供新的思路和方法。

  12. Green Ecological Landscape Campus Planning of Lu' an No.1 High School in Anhui Province%安徽省六安一中绿色生态景观校园规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彤阳

    2012-01-01

    Based on the natural environment of Lu' an No. 1 High School, its plane layout has been defined as one jade belt, three functional zones and an ecological landscape circle. Two entrances have been introduced to form an axial layout in the shape of "T", constituting main functional footpath. An ecological landscape belt in the shape of " L" has formed along the river system on the southeast side, functioning as a waterfront walking path. Buildings on the campus are arranged in groups and green landscape place has been designed based on natural environment. Geothermal system, roof greening and solar energy have been adopted to construct Lu' an No. 1 High School into a campus landscape integrating into environment, with good ecology, comfortable, pleasant and harmonious, so as provide a reference for the planning and design of ecological campus.%基于安徽省六安一中的自然环境基础,将六安一中的平面规划布局思路设定为一条玉带、三大功能分区、生态景观环绕.校园由两个入口引入形成双T字型布局轴线,并由此构成功能性主步行道;由东南侧沿水系布局成L型集中生态景观带,并以此构成滨水漫步道.校园建筑以组群构成模式集中布局,借助自然环境设计绿化景观场所.在设计中采用了地热系统、屋面绿化、太阳能利用等绿色建筑技术,旨在为六安一中建设融于环境,生态良好,舒适宜人,和谐共生的校园园林环境,以期为当前的生态校园规划设计提供参考.

  13. Anthropogenic impacts on water pollution and water quality in the Harlem River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J.

    2016-12-01

    The Harlem River, a 9.3 mile long natural straight, connects the Hudson and East Rivers in New York City. It had been historically used for swimming, fishing, boating. Anthropogenic impacts have degraded water quality, limiting current aquatic activity in the river. Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) discharge rainwater mixed with untreated sewage during or following rainfall and can contain illness-causing bacteria. It is not safe for swimming, fishing or boating especially in rainstorms. CSOs water samples were collected during rainstorms, and analyzed in the laboratories of the Chemistry and Biology Department, Bronx Community College, City University of New York. Results showed elevated bacteria/pathogen and nutrient levels. Most recent data showed an ammonia concentration of 2.6 mg/L on July 30, 2015 during a heavy afternoon thunderstorm, and an ammonia level 2.7mg/L during tropical storm Arthur on July 2, 2014. Both significantly exceeded the EPA regulation level for NYC waters of 0.23mg/L. Phosphate levels peaked at 0.197 mg/L during a heavy thunderstorm on Apr 28, 2011, which was much higher than regulated level of 0.033 mg/L. Turbidity was 319 FAU during the July 30 2015 heavy thunderstorm, and was 882 FAU during tropical storm Arthur; which was significantly higher than regulation level of 5.25 FAU. CSOs collected during a recent heavy rainstorm on Oct 28, 2015, showed fecal coliform of 1 million MPN/100ml, E.Coli. of 60,000 MPN/100ml, and enterococcus of 65,000 MPN/100ml; which exceeded regulated levels of fecal coliform-200 MPN/100ml, E.Coli.-126 MPN/100ml, enterococcus-104 MPN/100ml. It is critical to reduce CSOs, restore ecosystem and improve water quality of the Harlem River. Green wall, green roof, and wetland had been used to reduce stormwater runoff & CSOs in the Bronx River; these green infrastructures are going to be used along the Harlem River waterfront as well. The goal of this research is to make the Harlem River swimmable and fishable again in

  14. Tsunami hazard assessment in Nice, France, and influence of uncertainties in source parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Agathe; Loevenbruck, Anne; Heinrich, Philippe; Gailler, Audrey; Hébert, Hélène

    2015-04-01

    Although the tsunami hazard on the French Mediterranean coast is still poorly known, potential tsunamigenic sources exist in the Western Mediterranean basin. Even though the water heights are moderate, generated waves and currents could reach busy beaches, harbors and other coastal structures. The European project ASTARTE aims at reaching a higher level of tsunami resilience in the North-East Atlantic and Mediterranean region (called NEAM by IOC-UNESCO). In this context, ASTARTE proposes to improve the knowledge of tsunami generation, develop methods for hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment, better understand local coastal effects and enhance tools for early warning system. 9 test sites, including Nice for the French coasts, have been selected all over the NEAM area. Nice is the largest city of the French Riviera and welcomes a very large number of tourists every year, notably for seaside activities. Moreover its waterfront hosts the second French airport and many other facilities. Our work focuses on the tsunami hazard assessment related to seismic sources. This study, based on a worst-case scenarios approach, is carried out using multigrid numerical simulations. Seismic sources are computed through the Okada elastic dislocation model and constrained with the seismological parameters of the rupture. The coseismic deformation provides the initial condition to solve the shallow water equations on which the tsunami propagation simulation is based. Nested computational grids allow taking into account the shoaling effect for the Nice area as well as the potential inundation. The French Litto3D project, led by SHOM (Service Hydrographique et Oceanographique de la Marine) and IGN (Institut National de l'Information Geographique et Forestiere) provides high resolution bathymetric and topographic data (1 to 5 meters of resolution) along the coastline. Our modeling thus gives detailed estimation of the wave impacts on Nice with a particular focus on three critical

  15. SHARJAH’S ISLAMIC URBAN IDENTITY AND THE LIVING CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed El-Amrousi, John Biln

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Prominently placed amidst open gardens and along the waterfront of the Sharjah Corniche,  several recent monumental buildings collectively suggest a new urban image and socio-cultural space for a modern Muslim urban identity. Along with a series of restaurants, entertainment spaces, and office building, Masjid al-Noor, Masjid al-Maghfira, Al-Qasbah, and the Museum of  Islamic Civilization house important cultural institutions, combining eclectic references to the history of Islam into a new urban order. Neither entirely the conservative vernacularism of whole-scale historical mimicry, nor altogether the neo-vernacularism of fragmentary pastiche, this urban assemblage embraces these two distinct design approaches at the level of the individual buildings, but unifies them at the urban scale in what could be called neo-regional urbanism.  The stylistic clarity of Masjid al-Noor, which consistently integrates the stylistic elements of Ottoman styled mosques, contrasts with the isolated fragments of Moorish/Hispanic lattice work that adorn the otherwise modern Masjid al-Maghfira. Al-Qasbah’s neo-Islamic horse-shoe arches contrast with the Syrian-Ottoman styled facades of the Museum of Islamic  Civilization.  Although  these  buildings  individually  address  the  problems  of  built  form  and  the application of Islamic ornaments disparate ways, taken together this group of new monuments forms a complex urban whole that serves to reflect and deepen an emerging sense of identity that is built upon  a similarly complex mix of multicultural non-western ethnicities that make up the fluid and mobile population of Sharjah. This urban assemblage has become such a popular space of gathering that it has begun to shift the centre of gravity of Sharjah’s urban social space towards the Corniche,  and in so doing has produced an authentic alternative to the introverted malls and isolated dreamscapes of Dubai. This paper studies the

  16. THE CITY- THE PORT-THE SEA The evolutive features of a complex relation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Coletta

    2014-01-01

    ordinary landscape/town planning tools, or as design interventions for the aesthetic renewal of waterfront building facade. We need to go further, allowing the city to demolish definitely the port barriers which still deprive it of the fruition of its sea, acting consistently with the intervention designed and implemented by Hippodamus of Miletus in Athens during the Age of Pericles, so that the city could join its port (Piraeus, thought with some mediation: a protective wall which would sanction a right of reciprocal belonging, physically and institutionally, between the city and the sea.

  17. 基于 Geo-Studio 的堤防渗流与稳定分析%Seepage and stability analysis of dike based on Geo-Studio

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓伟; 雷鹏; 杨晓雅

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the renovation project of dilapidated levee,based on the SEEP/W and Slope/W modules in Geo-Studio software,this paper calculated and analysed the seepage and stability of the levee under normal storage level,design flood level and design flood lev-el dips.The stability against sliding and overturning of retaining wall was analysed by the Slope/W module.The results show that,the seepage and stability of the levee could meet the design requirement,seepage is not the main factor to affect the stability of levee.The stability of levee depends on back water retaining wall under normal storage level and design flood level,and depends on waterfront retaining wall under design flood level dips.The Geo-Studio software has powerful features for the analysis of seepage and stability,and the calculation results could provide reference for similar engineering.%为了评价某病险防洪堤整治工程,基于 Geo-Studio 软件,利用该软件中的 SEEP/W 软件与 Slope/W软件,对该堤防在正常蓄水位、设计洪水位以及设计洪水位骤降工况下的渗流与稳定进行了计算与分析,同时利用 Slope/W 软件对在挡土墙进行抗滑稳定和抗倾覆稳定分析。计算结果表明,该堤防满足渗流与稳定设计要求,渗流并不是控制该堤防稳定的主要因素,正常蓄水位与设计洪水位下其稳定性主要由背水侧挡土墙的稳定性决定,而设计洪水位骤降工况下的稳定性则由临水侧挡土墙决定。Geo-Studio 具有较强大的渗流和稳定分析功能,其计算成果可为较复杂的类似工程问题提供参考。

  18. Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, on various communities: Chapter G in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plafker, George; Kachadoorian, Reuben; Eckel, Edwin B.; Mayo, Lawrence R.

    1969-01-01

    The 1964 earthquake caused wide-spread damage to inhabited places throughout more than 60,000 square miles of south-central Alaska. This report describes damage to all communities in the area except Anchorage, Whittier, Homer, Valdez, Seward, the communities of the Kodiak group of islands, and communities in the Copper River Basin; these were discussed in previous chapters of the Geological Survey's series of reports on the earthquake. At the communities discussed herein, damage resulted primarily from sea waves of diverse origins, displacements of the land relative to sea level, and seismic shaking. Waves took all of the 31 lives lost at those communities; physical damage was primarily from the waves and vertical displacements of the land relative to sea level. Destructive waves of local origin struck during or immediately after the earthquake throughout much of Prince William Sound, the southern Kenai Peninsula, and the shores of Kenai Lake. In Prince William Sound, waves demolished all but one home at the native village of Chenega, destroyed homesites at Point Nowell and Anderson Bay, and caused varying amounts of damage to waterfront facilities at Sawmill Bay, Latouche, Port Oceanic, Port Nellie Juan, Perry Island, and western Port Valdez. The local waves, which ran up as high as 70 feet above tide level at Chenega and more than 170 feet in several uninhabited parts of the Sound, took nearly all of the lives lost by drowning at these communities. Destructive local waves that devastated shores of Anderson Bay and adjacent parts of western Port Valdez probably were generated primarily by massive submarine slides of glacial and fluvioglacial deposits ; the origin of the waves that caused damage at most of the other communities and at extensive uninhabited segments of shoreline is not known. At these places the most probable generative mechanisms are: unidentified submarine slides of unconsolidated deposits, and (or) the horizontal tectonic displacements, of 20 to

  19. Building Climate Literacy Through Strategic Partnerships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turrin, M.; Creyts, T. T.; Bell, R. E.; Meadows, C. A.

    2012-12-01

    have delivered climate science in a variety of ways, each designed to connect the participants with a fundamental science concept while building excitement for the topic and facilitating learning in a non-traditional setting. Our approaches range from launching teams of young people into experiments exploring glacial physics through free-choice inquiry opportunities, to enlisting undergraduate science students in working with the participants demonstrating glacial motion and measurement through engaging technology such as Kinect Xbox 360 sensors, to short single concept hands-on activities designed to deliver a specific climate 'take home' message. (3) Generating a local connection to climate science and impacts: Working with local informal education groups we connect climate topics to community-based issues and 'hot topics' such as sustainable planning, waterfront erosion, storm surge impacts, and local sea level rise projections. Partnering with community based informal education providers allows us to expand our offerings to reach a wider audience of young people, and to connect more directly with our local community. We are excited by the potential in these partnerships to connect students with climate science and develop not only a climate literate group of young people, but also lifelong science learners.

  20. Using high-performance mathematical modelling tools to predict erosion and sediment fluxes in peri-urban catchments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, André; Conde, Daniel; Ferreira, Carla S. S.; Walsh, Rory; Ferreira, Rui M. L.

    2017-04-01

    associated with tsunami actions in urban waterfronts: the case of Lisbon, Portugal. Natural Haza

  1. Residuejams and their effect on Infiltration, Runoff and Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) in Furrow Irrigation Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mailapalli, D. R.; Wallender, W. W.; Horwath, W.; Ma, S.; Lazicki, P.

    2007-12-01

    ), respectively. During the irrigation, the waterfront advance (for estimating infiltration), runoff and DOC concentration (at the tail end) were measured. After the irrigation, the location of the residuejams along the furrow and their dry weight were measured. Using the jam location data, the relative percentage spacing of the jams were estimated and found that it decreases down the furrow for all the cases. Hence, the number of residuejams increases down the furrow to a maximum at the tail end. Further, the number of jams is greater for NT followed by CC and ST. The infiltration and runoff data of these treatments were used for studying the effect of residuejams on these parameters. The water samples collected from these plots were analyzed for DOC concentration. Initially, DOC was high and then decreased with time in all cases. However, DOC was greater for NT followed by CC and ST. This may be due to more jams in NT followed by CC and ST. Hence, residuejams apparently affect DOC.

  2. On Ship-taking Tourists' Expectation and Perception of Li-river' s landscope%游船旅游者对漓江景观的期望与感知研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑文俊

    2013-01-01

    Taking Li-river scenic area as a case,the paper makes a study of ship-taking tourists' expectation and perception through questionnaire survey,using SPSS and IPA.The conclusion holds that there is positive evaluation of Li-river landscape quality,and the values of tourists' expectation and perception are higher,but the value of perception is generally lower than expectation.Tourists have the highest expectation on "the picturesque scenery of Li-river",and the best perception on" the Karst montains",and the lowest identity degree on"the clear Li-river".The results also show that there is significant difference on tourists' expectation and perception of "the picturesque scenery and clear Li-river".It should continue to highlight its landscape artistic conception,focus on strengthening water environment governance,rich waterfront landscape and tourism products experience in the tourism landscape construction of Liriver.Due to the complex Li-river' s landscope elements,as we as the influence of seasonal factors the design of landscope evaluation index system should be more comprehensive scientific and rigorous,and the future studies should be carried out to select time more breadth,so as to provide more scientific guidance and reference for the construction and management of the Li-river scienic area.%对漓江游船旅游者进行期望与感知研究是提升漓江景观品质和游客满意度的科学依据.以桂林漓江风景区为研究区域,通过问卷调研获取数据,采用SPSS软件和IPA分析法研究游船旅游者对漓江景观的游前期望与感知实绩情况.结果显示:游船旅游者对漓江景观总体评价较积极,期望与感知水平均较高,但感知实绩普遍低于游前期望.游客对“如诗如画”的漓江期望最高,对“山形奇特,峰峦起伏”的景观感知最佳,对“江水清澈”的漓江认同度较低.期望感知差异最大的是“如诗如画”的意境和“江水清澈”的漓江水质.桂林漓

  3. Watershed and Hydrodynamic Modeling for Evaluating the Impact of Land Use Change on Submerged Aquatic Vegetation and Seagrasses in Mobile Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, Maurice G.; Al-Hamdan, Mohammed; Thom, Ron; Quattrochi, Dale; Woodruff, Dana; Judd, Chaeli; Ellism Jean; Watson, Brian; Rodriguez, Hugo; Johnson, Hoyt

    2009-01-01

    There is a continued need to understand how human activities along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast are impacting the natural ecosystems. The gulf coast is experiencing rapid population growth and associated land cover/land use change. Mobile Bay, AL is a designated pilot region of the Gulf of Mexico Alliance (GOMA) and is the focus area of many current NASA and NOAA studies, for example. This is a critical region, both ecologically and economically to the entire United States because it has the fourth largest freshwater inflow in the continental USA, is a vital nursery habitat for commercially and recreational important fisheries, and houses a working waterfront and port that is expanding. Watershed and hydrodynamic modeling has been performed for Mobile Bay to evaluate the impact of land use change in Mobile and Baldwin counties on the aquatic ecosystem. Watershed modeling using the Loading Simulation Package in C++ (LSPC) was performed for all watersheds contiguous to Mobile Bay for land use Scenarios in 1948, 1992, 2001, and 2030. The Prescott Spatial Growth Model was used to project the 2030 land use scenario based on observed trends. All land use scenarios were developed to a common land classification system developed by merging the 1992 and 2001 National Land Cover Data (NLCD). The LSPC model output provides changes in flow, temperature, sediments and general water quality for 22 discharge points into the Bay. These results were inputted in the Environmental Fluid Dynamics Computer Code (EFDC) hydrodynamic model to generate data on changes in temperature, salinity, and sediment concentrations on a grid with four vertical profiles throughout the Bay s aquatic ecosystems. The models were calibrated using in-situ data collected at sampling stations in and around Mobile bay. This phase of the project has focused on sediment modeling because of its significant influence on light attenuation which is a critical factor in the health of submerged aquatic

  4. 中国湖泊旅游开发模式及其城镇互动效应述论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾琪洁; 虞虎

    2015-01-01

    It is widely believed that tourism resource development has a positive influence on urban development, and tourism urbanization is a focus in the study of tourism geography. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between lake tourism resource development and urbanization, stage characteristics of lake tourism urbanization, resource development patterns as wel as the spatial coupling modes. It holds that lake resources have a periodical efect on urban development, and the current efect of lake tourism urbanization is remarkable. In fact, the lake tourism urbanization of China can be divided into three stages, namely the budding stage (before the1990s), the early development stage (from the 1990s to the 2000s) and the deepening development stage (since the 2000s). Meanwhile, the three diferent stages have many diferences with each other in lake tourism products, tourism market structures, the industrial structures of the lake district and the functions of tourism destinations. The resource development of lake tourism urbanization can be various, such as Tourist Scenic Area, Tourist Resorts, Urban Waterfront, Wetland Park, Water Sports Base and Comprehensive Development. As to the spatial coupling modes of lake tourism urbanization, there can be four kinds: Bead Chain-type, poached Eggs-type, Staggered -type as wel as Disconnection-type. The combination of the resources exploitation modes and the spatial coupling modes make the lake tourism urbanization show diferent characteristics.%湖泊旅游资源开发对于城镇发展具有积极作用。分析了湖泊资源旅游开发与城镇发展之间的关系,湖泊旅游城镇化阶段性特征、开发模式以及空间耦合模式。结论认为,湖泊资源对于城镇发展的作用显著,两者之间的关系可划分为三个阶段:萌芽阶段(1990年之前)、初期发展阶段(1990年-2000年)、深化发展阶段(2000年至今),分别在湖泊旅游产品、

  5. Remediation of Centre Pier, Port Hope, Ontario: Historical, Logistical, Regulatory and Technical Challenges - 13118

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferguson Jones, Andrea [MMM Group Limited, 100 Commerce Valley Drive West, Thornhill, Ontario, L3T 0A1 (Canada); Case, Glenn [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, 115 Toronto Road, Port Hope, Ontario, L1A 3S4 (Canada); Lawrence, Dave [Public Works and Government Services Canada, 115 Toronto Road, Port Hope, Ontario, L1A 3S4 (Canada)

    2013-07-01

    Centre Pier is a 3.9 ha property owned by the Commissioners of the Port Hope Harbour in the Municipality of Port Hope, Ontario, Canada. It is centrally located on the Port Hope waterfront and is bounded on the west by the Port Hope Harbour, on the east by the Ganaraska River, on the south by Lake Ontario, and on the north by a railway corridor. The property is currently leased by the Commissioners of the Port Hope Harbour to the Cameco Corporation which owns the four onsite building that are used as warehouse space for their uranium conversion facility located on the western side of the Harbour. Remediation of this site forms part of the Port Hope Project being undertaken by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) and Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) as part of the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI). Soil impacts include radiological, metals and petroleum hydrocarbons resulting from long term historical industrial use. Radiological impacts in soil extend across most of the site primarily within the upper metre of fill. Metals-contaminated soil is present across the entire site in the underlying fill material. The metals-contaminated fill extends to a maximum depth of 2.0 m below grade at the north end of the site which is underlain by peat. However, the metals-contaminated soil could extend to the top of the bedrock on the remainder of the site. Based on the elevation of the bedrock in the adjacent river and Harbour Basin, the metals-contaminated soil may extend to a depth of 5.6 m or 6.5 m below existing grade. Petroleum-contaminated soil is present on the southeast side of the site, where a storage tank farm was previously located. Challenges include: - The complex history of the site both relating to site use and Pier construction. Pier development began in the 1800's and was undertaken by many different entities. Modifications and repairs were made over the years resulting in several different types of Pier walls and fill that must be

  6. A high-performance model for shallow-water simulations in distributed and heterogeneous architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conde, Daniel; Canelas, Ricardo B.; Ferreira, Rui M. L.

    2017-04-01

    urban waterfronts: the case of Lisbon, Portugal. Natural Hazards, Springer, 79, 2125, DOI:10

  7. Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Seward, Alaska: Chapter E in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: effects on communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemke, Richard W.

    1967-01-01

    Seward, in south-central Alaska, was one of the towns most devastated by the Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964. The greater part of Seward is built on an alluvial fan-delta near the head of Resurrection Bay on the southeast coast of the Kenai Peninsula. It is one of the few ports in south-central Alaska that is ice free all year, and the town’s economy is almost entirely dependent upon its port facilities. The Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964, magnitude approximately 8.3–8.4, began at 6:36 p.m. Its epicenter was in the northern part of the Prince William Sound area; focal depth was 20–50 km. Strong ground motion at Seward lasted 3–4 minutes. During the shaking, a strip of land 50–400 feet wide along the Seward waterfront, together with docks and other harbor facilities, slid into Resurrection Bay as a result of large-scale submarine landsliding. Fractures ruptured the ground for'severa1 hundred feet back from the landslide scarps. Additional ground was fractured in the Forest Acres subdivision and on the alluvial floor of the Resurrection River valley; fountaining and sand boils accompanied the ground fracturing. Slide-generated wares, possibly seiche waves, and seismic sea waves crashed onto shore; ware runup was as much as 30 feet above mean lower low water and caused tremendous damage; fire from burning oil tanks added to the destruction. Damage from strong ground motion itself was comparatively minor. Tectonic subsidence of about 3.6 feet resulted in low areas being inundated at high tide. Thirteen people were killed and five were injured as a result of the earthquake. Eighty-six houses were totally destroyed and 260 were heavily damaged. The harbor facilities were almost completely destroyed, and the entire economic base of the town was wiped out. The total cost to replace the destroyed public and private facilities was estimated at $22 million. Seward lies on the axis of the Chugach Mountains geosyncline. The main structural trend in the mapped

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1993-01-01

    . xvii + 267 pp. -William Roseberry, Rosalie Schwartz, Lawless liberators, political banditry and Cuban independence. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 1989. x + 297 pp. -Robert L. Paquette, Robert M. Levine, Cuba in the 1850's: Through the lens of Charles DeForest Fredricks. Tampa: University of South Florida Press, 1990. xv + 86 pp. -José Sánchez-Boudy, Gustavo Pérez Firmat, The Cuban condition: Translation and identity in modern Cuban literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. viii + 185 pp. -Dick Parker, Jules R. Benjamin, The United States and the origins of the Cuban revolution: An empire of liberty in an age of national liberation. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. xi + 235 pp. -George Irvin, Andrew Zimbalist ,The Cuban economy: Measurement and analysis of socialist performance. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1989. xiv + 220 pp., Claes Brundenius (eds -Menno Vellinga, Frank T. Fitzgerald, Managing socialism: From old Cadres to new professionals in revolutionary Cuba. New York: Praeger, 1990. xiv + 161 pp. -Patricia R. Pessar, Eugenia Georges, The making of a transnational community: Migration, development, and cultural change in the Dominican republic. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990. xi + 270 pp. -Lucía Désir, Maria Dolores Hajosy Benedetti, Earth and spirit: Healing lore and more from Puerto Rico. Maplewood NJ: Waterfront Press, 1989. xvii + 245 pp. -Thomas J. Spinner, Jr., Percy C. Hintzen, The costs of regime survival: Racial mobilization, elite domination and control of the state in Guyana and Trinidad. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. x + 240 pp. -Judith Johnson, Morton Klass, Singing with the Sai Baba: The politics of revitalization in Trinidad. Boulder CO: Westview, 1991. xvi + 187 pp. -Aisha Khan, Selwyn Ryan, The Muslimeen grab for power: Race, religion and revolution in Trinidad and Tobago. Port of Spain: Inprint Caribbean, 1991. vii + 345 pp. -Drexel G. Woodson, Patrick Bellegarde

  9. Les relations ville-port à Rio de Janeiro : entre difficultés et perspectives de développement As relações cidade-porto no Rio de Janeiro: entre dificuldades e perspectivas de desenvolvimento City-port relationships in Rio de Janeiro: development´s problems and prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Cozic

    2012-06-01

    cidades e os portos como atores importantes da integração dos territórios nos fluxos da globalização. No Rio de Janeiro, desde o fim da década de 90, podemos observar numerosas iniciativas de modernização do sistema portuário e da revitalização dos espaços portuários baldios da cidade. O porto se encontra atualmente muito dinâmico no nível nacional na manutenção de contêineres, de veículos (roll-on/roll-off, de petróleo e derivados (porto de apoio logístico da Petrobras e por fim do turismo com o transporte de passageiros. Contudo, as relações porto-cidade no Rio de Janeiro são caracterizadas por serias dificuldades. Até hoje, as autoridades portuárias, a cidade, os atores privados e a sociedade civil não conseguiram formular um verdadeiro projeto de desenvolvimento concertado em prol da cidade e do porto. As relações porto-cidade no Rio de Janeiro são ainda muito influenciadas por práticas decorrentes da Era Industrial do País, apresentando as duas entidades como incompatíveis. De um lado, a cidade procura revitalizar os espaços portuários baldios pelo desenvolvimento de grandes projetos urbanos oriundo pelo turismo, no modelo de varias experiências internacionais; do outro lado, o porto procura desenvolver suas atividades para atender aos fluxos crescentes da globalização. Portanto, são experimentadas no mundo verdadeiras políticas de desenvolvimento inovadoras, como no caso da Europa nas cidades portuárias do “Northern Range”, ou na Espanha, lugares onde assistimos ao desenvolvimento em conjunto das duas dinâmicas através da elaboração de estratégias concertadas.The productive reorganization in progress since the early 70s projects each time a little more cities and ports as such mains actors of the territory integration in the globalization’s flows. In Rio de Janeiro, since the end of the 90s, we can observe numerous modernisation initiatives of the port system, and of the city waterfront revitalization. The port is

  10. SCP (systematic conservation planning) optimization for a wetland conservation network system on Sanjiang Plain, China%基于系统保护规划的三江平原湿地保护网络体系优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲艺; 李佳珊; 王继丰; 崔福星; 孙工棋; 栾晓峰; 倪红伟

    2015-01-01

    Tongjiang and Fuyuan, the marsh wetlands between Fujin and Baoqing, the waterfront in Hulin, and the middle part of Luobei, the northeast Hegang, northeast of Yilan, and the south Muling. (2) Lake ecosystems and target species were well-protected in existing conservation areas. They accounted for 83.90% and 81.25% of the whole conservation network respectively. After the prioritization, these percentages increased only slightly to 86.65% and 100%.(3) Marsh, riverine and wetland ecosystem protection by the existing conservation network was less effective. Prioritization would afford an increase in marsh wetlands (from 22.88% to more than 50%), riverine wetlands (from 16.20% to 33.92%), and underground water resources (from just 2.01% to 12.05%).(4) Vulnerability analysis showed high vulnerability areas on the Sanjiang Plain were mainly distributed in Jiamusi, south of Hegang, north of Shuangyashan and Jixi, the middle of Huanan and Luobei, and the intersection of the Fujin and Suibin. The work detailed above indicates that future conservation planning must continue to preserve well-protected ecosystems and species and emphasizes the need for protection and management of marsh, riverine and wetland ecosystems, especially underground water resources. Quantification of resource irreplaceability and vulnerability were evaluated as a supplement to this future conservation planning. The authors combined irreplaceability and vulnerability indexes to propose three scenarios ( the ecological value prioritized scenario, the rescue prioritized scenario and the economic avoidance prioritized scenario) , and provide recommendations for decision-makers under each scenario in terms of ecological threats. This irreplaceability-based biodiversity conservation planning method integrates protected objects, conservation targets and contributions into one framework and expresses the information in a quantified form. Quantifications enables conservation planning and prioritizing work to be more

  11. Urban Tourism to Urban Agglomeration Tourism: A Deepening Systematic Research%城市旅游到城市群旅游的系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞虎; 陆林; 朱冬芳; 曾琪洁

    2012-01-01

    agglomeration tourism research are discussed. The results show that, tourism promotes urban development in six aspects, which are the development of urban trade district and urban waterfront space, economic increase and employment growth, supplement to urban planning, the improvement of the city image, and guiding or ac- celerating the improvement of the urban environmental quality. The synergy development between tourism and city emphasizes the characteristics of mutual benefits and dynamic trends. Urban agglomeration tourism drives the industrial cluster of tourism in urban agglomeration, improves traffic condition, optimizes the tourism spatial structure, and facilitates tourism cooperation among cities. Globalization and localization trend are the impor- tant power to urban agglomeration tourism formation, and urban system is the material basis of spatial construc- tion. Diverse and different demands for tourism products and markets is the thrust. Represented by communica- tion among cities, the fast traffic belongs to science and technology support. And the government plays a leading and coordinative part in urban agglomeration tourism development. All these five factors have driven the change from urban tourism to urban agglomeration tourism. Urban agglomeration tourism emphasizes dynamic mutual effects under the regulation and control of government and market from multitude systems and elements in the hands of different subject interests. Urban agglomeration tourism research is at the deepening stage based on the research of urban tourism. Against the background of transformation and upgrading strategies in Chinese tour- ism, the city is the frontier battlefield of the development of the tourism industry. There are different influencing factors in different urban development stages, different development evolution mechanism in different functions and types of urban tourism. Urban agglomeration is becoming a vital force for cities to participate in regional competition

  12. Epilasik versus Lasek con queratectomía refractiva optimizada y ablación customizada por topografía Epilasik versus Lasek with optimized refractive keratectomy and topography-customized ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Gabriel Pérez Suárez

    2010-06-01

    , disminuyeron la esfera y el cilindro promedio de forma muy similar. La variación de la aberración esférica y el coma en ambas técnicas no fue significativa. Se recuperaron más rápidamente, desde el punto de vista anatómico, los ojos operados con la técnica de Epilasik.OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of Excimer laser surgery, using either epithelial laser in situ keratomileusis (Epilasik or laser-assisted epithelial keratectomy as surgical techniques, on the basis of a topoaberrometric study of patients with compound myopic astigmatism. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Anterior Segment Service of "Camilo Cienfuegos" International Center of Pigmentary Retinitis. Eighty eyes from 40 patients with compound myopic astigmatism (-1 to -6 dioptres were studied, with a minimal follow-up of 6 months. Visual acuity without correction, keratometry, dynamic refraction, cycloplexic refraction, corneal topography, pachymetry, tonometry, biomicroscopy, study of the tear and funduscopy were all evaluated. The corneal waterfront analysis software was used for all the cases. Lasek was the chosen technique for right eyes whereas Epilasik was used for left eyes, using optimized refractive keratectomy in both procedures. RESULTS: In those cases treated with Lasek technique, visual acuity without correction changed from 0,12 to 0,93; preoperative sphere average changed -2,77 to -0,08 dioptres at the postoperative phase, the cylinder went from -79 to -0,37 dioptres, spheral aberration at 6mm slightly changed from 0,22 to 0,24 um and the coma varied from 0,19 to 0,20 um. In the cases subjected to Epilasik, visual acuity without correction varied from 0,07 to 0,93; the preoperative sphere average modified from -3,79 to 0,01 dioptres in the postoperative period, the cylinder went from -1,25 to -0,35 dioptres, spheral aberration at 6mm changed from 0,26 to 0,39 um, and the coma varied from 0,19 to 0,22 um. As to confocal microscopy, it was observed that recovery was faster

  13. Geologic effects of the March 1964 earthquake and associated seismic sea waves on Kodiak and nearby islands, Alaska: Chapter D in The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: regional effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plafker, George; Kachadoorian, Reuben

    1966-01-01

    sea waves that crippled the city of Kodiak, wiped out the village of Kaguyak, and destroyed most of the village of Old Harbor and parts of the villages of Afognak and Uzinki. Bridges and segments of the highways in the vicinity of the city of Kodiak were washed out, and parts of the Kodiak Naval Station were inundated and damaged. Especially serious to all the damaged communities was the loss of fishing boats, seafood processing plants, and other waterfront installations, which had been the mainstay of the economy. Additional heavy losses resulted from the combined regional tectonic and local surficial subsidence that occurred during the earthquake. Widespread shoreline flooding by high tides necessitated raising, protecting, or removing many installations otherwise undamaged by the earthquake or waves. Structural damage attributable to seismic shock during the earthquake was relatively light and was restricted to areas underlain by saturated unconsolidated deposits. The chief structural failure in the area as a result of shaking was the collapse of part of a cannery built on saturated beach deposits that were partially liquefied during the earthquake. Minor structural damage resulted from differential settlement and cracking of the ground on natural granular deposits and artificial fills. The overwhelming majority of structures are constructed on indurated bedrock; none of these sustained damage other than small losses resulting from shifting about and breakage of their contents.

  14. PREFACE: 6th International Conference on Aperiodic Crystals (APERIODIC'09)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimm, Uwe; McGrath, Rónán; Degtyareva, Olga; Sharma, Hem Raj

    2010-04-01

    of aperiodic order in two dimensions and used in modelling quasicrystalline materials, some ten years before quasicrystals were first seen in experiment. The conference excursion and dinner centred on the historic waterfront area of this 800-year old city that was designated European Capital of Culture in 2008. The enjoyment of the ferry trip on the Mersey and subsequent walk to the Albert dock museums was greatly enhanced by the fine weather, which lasted throughout the entire conference week. The guests of honour at the conference dinner were Professor Sir Roger Penrose FRS and Professor Alan L Mackay FRS, bringing together two distinguished UK scientists who made seminal contributions to the subject. Besides the scientific programme, the conference also offered a presentation by the author Ann Lingard, whose latest novel The Embalmer's Book of Recipes features a mathematician working on quasicrystals at the University of Liverpool as its main character. A related EPSRC-supported workshop on Mathematical Aspects of Aperiodic Order, organised by Alex Clark, John Hunton and Uwe Grimm, was held in Leicester in the week preceding the conference, and attracted about 40 participants. It is not possible to organise a conference without the help and support of a large number of people, and we would like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the support of everyone who was involved in organising and running this conference. We would like to thank the IUCr Aperiodic Commission, and in particular its chair Professor Marc de Boissieu, who not only entrusted us with hosting the event, but acted as the International Advisory Committee and provided valuable advice and guidance. We are indebted to the members of the International Programme Committee, who helped to put together an exciting programme by suggesting invited speakers and selecting presentations for contributed plenary talks. We are immensely grateful to all members of the National Organising Committee, who provided