WorldWideScience

Sample records for watchkeeping

  1. WatchKeeper

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    System IOC Interagency Operations Center IOC/C21 Interagency Operations Center/ Command 21 IOP Interagency Operational Planning IPIL ...Layer ( IPIL ) is the primary means by which users, both Coast Guard and port partners, are to access WatchKeeper. The design requires that users be able

  2. Investigation of Watchkeeping Officers' Watches Under The Working Hours Ineligible to STCW Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Yilmaz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In parallel with the increase in the volume of world trade, cargo handling rates and seafarers' pace of work has increased. Although the STCW regulations and restrictions on working hours has improved, this tempo has brought with it insufficient resting hours, especially in short sea transport. It is known that individuals under stress and intensive workloads are more prone to making mistakes due to fatigue. In this study, the officers’ working hours are simulated in full-mission simulator at short sea transport to investigate errors made during the navigation and port watches. For this purpose, the data were obtained from 7 volunteers watchkeeping officers with the help of video monitoring and check lists in the full-bridge simulator system and also, system records in cargo handling simulator. With this study, introduced what types of errors made during navigation and port watches by watchkeeping officers under the intense pace of work. And the errors are evaluated under the legislation of international maritime. As a result, to comply with the limitations of working hours, it is necessary to increase the number of officers responsible for operations on short sea transport.

  3. 78 FR 42102 - Termination of Radiotelephone Medium Frequency 2182 kHz Watchkeeping, 2187.5 kHz Digital...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Termination of Radiotelephone Medium Frequency 2182 kHz Watchkeeping, 2187.5 kHz... miles from shore. Advancements in satellite, digital, very high frequency (VHF), and high frequency (HF...Hz DSC, mariners can tune their existing HF radios to other GMDSS radiotelephone distress...

  4. 75 FR 27856 - Shipping Coordinating Committee; Notice of Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1978 and the Seafarers' Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Code (STCW CONF.2) to be held at the... amendments to the Seafarers' Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Code -- Consideration of...

  5. 78 FR 1586 - Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping (STCW..., such as the SAFE Port Act, and including international standards such as STCW security training. This..., and Watchkeeping (STCW) for Seafarers, 1978 Regulatory Plan: This entry is Seq. No. 59 in part II...

  6. 46 CFR 15.105 - Incorporation by reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Kingdom, telephone +44(0)20 7735 7611, http://www.imo.org. (1) STCW—The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended 1995, (STCW Convention..., Certification and Watchkeeping Code, as amended 1995 (STCW Code), incorporation by reference approved for §§...

  7. 77 FR 21989 - Collection of Information Under Review by Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ..., Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1995 and 1997 Amendments to the International Convention...: Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1995 and 1997 Amendments to the... collection for the existing STCW requirements. Note--The Coast Guard has an ongoing rulemaking related...

  8. 33 CFR 104.305 - Vessel Security Assessment (VSA) requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Personnel identification documents; (v) Communication systems; (vi) Alarms; (vii) Lighting; (viii) Access... security assignments; (iii) The impact of watch-keeping duties and risk of fatigue on vessel personnel...

  9. 33 CFR 106.305 - Facility Security Assessment (FSA) requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... identification documents and communication, alarm, lighting, access control, and similar systems; (iii) A...; (iii) The impact of watch-keeping duties and risk of fatigue on personnel alertness and performance...

  10. 46 CFR 11.101 - Purpose of regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended (STCW), and other laws, and to receive the appropriate endorsement as required by STCW. (b) With few... associated with meeting the standards of competence established by STCW....

  11. 78 FR 17466 - Shipping Coordinating Committee; Notice of Committee Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    ... Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel (STCW-F), 1995 --Development of Guidelines for wing-in-ground (WIG...) --Review of general cargo ship safety --Proposed amendment to the STCW Code's colour vision...

  12. 46 CFR 12.01-1 - Purpose of rules in this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended (STCW), and to receive the endorsement required by STCW; and (b) The regulations in subpart 12.03 of this part... of competence established by STCW....

  13. Consequence Assessment Methods for Incidents Involving Releases From Liquefied Natural Gas Carriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-13

    Tanker and Terminal Operators SOLAS Safety of Life at Sea SSA ship security alarm STCW Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping TNT...IGC (replaced the Gas Carrier Code) • International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) for Seafarers, 1978...include: • Training • Procedures • Inspections Training – Minimum training requirements for crews of LNG carriers are specified in the IMO STCW

  14. Maritime English Vocabulary in Feature Films: "The Perfect Storm" (2000) and "Master and Commander" (2003)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurkovic, Violeta

    2016-01-01

    The teaching content of Maritime English is dictated by the 1995 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping, as amended, which sets qualification standards for masters, officers, and officers of the watch on merchant ships, including a high proficiency level in maritime English. Feature films have an…

  15. Ports and Waterways Safety Assessment: Tampa Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    draft mariner proficiency. Most are compliant with Standards for Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) and IMO. Mariners on U.S. vessels...Generally the vessels that have high maintenance standards have high mariner proficiency. Trends: STCW and IMO are having some positive...fire and shipboard drills. Mandatory pilotage for most vessels arriving in Tampa. STCW . International Safety Management Code (ISM Code

  16. 46 CFR 15.1109 - Watches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirements of STCW § 15.1109 Watches. Each master of a vessel that operates beyond the Boundary Line shall ensure observance of the principles concerning watchkeeping set out in STCW Regulation VIII/2 and section A-VIII/2 of the STCW Code....

  17. Developing Performance-Based Assessments of Mariner Proficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-02-01

    8217 Training, Certification and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) Code. The study had two major objectives: (1) specify and refine a method for developing performance...method for developing performance-based assessments of mariner proficiency was created on the basis of a review of STCW requirements and the Instructional

  18. Crew Endurance Management Practices: A Guide for Maritime Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Watchkeeping for Seafarers ( STCW ) regarding hours of work and rest. The fundamental purpose of this guide is to provide managers, captains, department...should use this information, along with the guidelines provided in OPA 90 and STCW : • To identify risk factors affecting crew endurance in specific

  19. 33 CFR 155.710 - Qualifications of person in charge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 (STCW), or other form of evidence acceptable to the Coast Guard, attesting the PIC's meeting the requirements of Chapter V of STCW as a PIC of the transfer of... section, holds a Dangerous-Cargo Endorsement or Certificate issued by a flag state party to STCW, or...

  20. Management of Endurance Risk Factors: A Guide for Deep Draft Vessels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-02-01

    of 1990 (OPA 90) or Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers ( STCW ) regarding hours of work and rest. The fundamental...should use this information along with the guidelines xiv provided in OPA 90 and STCW to minimize risks associated with crew endurance, to ensure crew

  1. 78 FR 28602 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... on the Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (1978), as amended (STCW), for personnel...: (1) Develop competency requirements to meet the provisions of Table A-III/2 of the STCW for personnel... competency requirements to meet the provisions of Table A-III/2 of the STCW for personnel working on...

  2. 46 CFR 10.103 - Incorporation by reference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., telephone: + 44 (0)20 7735 7611, http://www.imo.org: (1) The STCW—International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended 1995 (the STCW Convention or the STCW), incorporation by reference approved for §§ 10.107, 10.109, and 10.231. (2) The...

  3. 77 FR 62434 - Policy Letters on the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended (STCW). These letters provide guidance on: The hours of rest requirements of the 2010 amendments to the STCW Convention and Code... guidance to affected parties until regulations implementing amendments to the STCW are promulgated....

  4. 46 CFR 15.1101 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirements of STCW § 15.1101 General. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this subpart, the term— (1) STCW means..., 1978, as amended in 1995; (2) STCW Code means the Seafarer's Training, Certification and Watchkeeping... subject to STCW. (c) A vessel that has on board a valid Safety Management Certificate and a copy of...

  5. 77 FR 232 - Implementation of the 2010 Amendments to the International Convention on Standards of Training...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended, (STCW... 2010 amendments to the STCW will not be published before the 1 January 2012 entry into force date... vessels subject to STCW under current regulations. DATES: This policy is effective January 1,...

  6. 75 FR 59281 - Recognition of Foreign Certificates Under the International Convention on Standards of Training...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ... Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended, (STCW) requires Parties to the Convention to establish procedures to recognize STCW certificates issued by or... these mariners, and the countries that issue their STCW certificates. DATES: Comments and...

  7. 77 FR 5816 - Information Collection Requests to Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... Seafarers (STCW), 1995 and 1997 Amendments to the International Convention. Our ICRs describe the.... Title: Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), 1995 and 1997... necessary to ensure compliance with the international requirements of the STCW Convention, and to...

  8. MET Standards for Electro-Technical Officers

    OpenAIRE

    Janusz Mindykowski

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with one of the most important changes in the STCW 1978 as amended in 2010 Convention, from the point of view of the watchkeeping officers responsible for control, maintenance, diagnostic and repair of electrical and electronic installations on board of ships. Some reasons, why the MET Standards for Electro-Technical had to be developed and implemented are shortly analyzed and described. A legislative way towards and a short description of the minimum standards competence for ...

  9. Ports and Waterways Safety Assessment Workshop Report for Aleutian Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-25

    Code and Standards for Training, Certification and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) • Enforcement of regulations by USCG • Pressure put on owners by insurance...discussed Existing Mitigations: • STCW compliance • OPA 90 compliance • Little to no communication / language problems, majority of operators are...Require mandatory inspections of commercial fishing vessels >26 feet (8) • Encourage voluntary STCW Basic Safety Training classes (7) • Require crew

  10. The Use of Foreign-Flagged or Foreign-Owned Shipping in U.S. Military Sealift: Risks for the Combatant Commander

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-30

    Convention on Standards for Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) means many retired mariners no longer are able to maintain their licenses.36...new international crew standards in the STCW would cause China and Russia to overtake the Philippines as the leading providers of merchant mariners...School, March 2001), p. 88. 35 Cook, p. 8. 36 Interview, VAdm (ret) James Perkins, October 28, 2008. See also Cook, pp. 16-17, who identified STCW

  11. Use of Simulation for Training in the U.S. Navy Surface Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    STCW ) for Seafarers establishes minimum requirements for personnel in certain areas of responsibility, as well as more-general requirements for all...Status of Resources and Training System SPAWAR Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command SSAAC Surface Ship Acoustic Analysis Center STCW Standards of...standards are established through the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping ( STCW ) for Seafarers, and the

  12. Introduction to STCW 1978/2010%STCW 2010修正案主要修正内容介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱庆智

    2010-01-01

    @@ 一、STCW 2010修正案的产生背景 STCW公约(International Convention on Standards of Training.Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers,1978)2010修正案近日由国际海事组织(IMO)STCW公约缔约国外交大会审议通过.该修正案将于2012年1月1日生效,实施过程中确定了为期5年的过渡期.

  13. The Applicati on of E-learning and Distance Learning Technologies to Crew Education and Training in the Russian Federaiton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.Gorobtsov; N.Kovalnogova; S.Kurguzov; V.Marich; S.Sokolov

    2016-01-01

    The article examines the world experience of e-learning as well as distance education technologies within the edu-cation process organization on higher and post-higher education programs .There have been listed the results of the most popular e-learning platforms analysis .Furthermore, there have been looked through the core legislative background of the development of the mentioned technologies in Russia and worldwide among the universities , specialized in seafarers training .There have been al-so drawn up the points of the Admiral Makarov State University of Maritime and Inland Shipping ( Admiral Makarov SUMIS ) de-sign of the distance education system LMS “FARWATER” in compliance with the International Convention on Standards of Train -ing,Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW Convention).The practical application of distance education system to the advanced professional training has been discussed in the article .

  14. MET Standards for Electro-Technical Officers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janusz Mindykowski

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with one of the most important changes in the STCW 1978 as amended in 2010 Convention, from the point of view of the watchkeeping officers responsible for control, maintenance, diagnostic and repair of electrical and electronic installations on board of ships. Some reasons, why the MET Standards for Electro-Technical had to be developed and implemented are shortly analyzed and described. A legislative way towards and a short description of the minimum standards competence for ETO are presented. Next, new tools supporting ETO’s standards implementation are appointed. Finally, the future works as well as the concluding remarks concerning discussed issue are formulated and commented on.

  15. VOYAGE PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazimierz SKÓRA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A sea voyage can be divided into three parts with varying degrees of risk: - from the berth at the port of departure to the pilot disembarkation point - from the pilot disembarkation to another pilot embarkation point near the port of call/destination - from the pilot embarkation point to the berth Results of statistical research into ship accidents at sea point to an increased number of incidents and accidents, including groundings, especially in restricted areas. Such areas are often narrow and have limited depths, while their short straight sections require frequent course alterations, often in varying hydrometeorological conditions. Due to all these factors, the voyage has to be carefully planned and all watchkeeping officers have to be well prepared to conduct the ship safely. The article presents the objectives, scope, legal basis and stages in the process of voyage planning. The compliance with the outlined principles will reduce the level of risk in maritime transport.

  16. Standardising Maritime English Training And Assessment through International Coordination of Content-Based Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Gabrielli

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The current provisions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW Manila; IMO, 2010 for language proficiency and communication skills require standard levels for cadets’ communication skills worldwide, but do not suggest how to coordinate standardised Maritime English (ME training and assessment across the globe in order to consistently meet these requirements. The responsibility for globally standardised assessment of cadet ME skills at Maritime Education and Training (MET institutions around the world is therefore shouldered by the trainers only. This inevitably leads to differences in local interpretations of the ME standards. The central interest of the International Maritime Lecturers Association (IMLA and the International Maritime English Conference (IMEC is therefore to develop consistent assessment methods for cadets’ ME skills, which can be implemented worldwide. This paper explores current ME training practice worldwide, and suggests cross-curricular, content-based instruction as a solution for globally unified and coordinated standards of ME skills assessment.

  17. Sede central de la Compañía Neste Oy Finlandia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castrén, -

    1980-08-01

    Full Text Available This complex, with a volume of 190,000 m2 is made up of three buildings that have different characteristics: - one 90 m tower used for offices, with the upper two floors for technical installations: - One two storey building with several social areas: living quarters for watchkeepers and service staff, restaurant, teaching centre and clinic; - a three storey car-park with capacity for 500 vehicles. The structural system chosen for the tower was a metal structure with light weight concrete forgings. This has been a pioneer work in Finland regarding both the metal construction and high buildings.

    Este complejo, con un volumen total de 190.000 m2 está formado por tres edificios de características diferentes: — una torre de 90 m destinada a oficinas, con las dos plantas superiores para instalaciones técnicas: — un edificio de dos plantas con diversas áreas sociales: viviendas para vigilantes y personal de servicio, restaurante, centro de enseñanza y clínica: — un aparcamiento de tres plantas con plazas para 500 vehículos. El sistema estructural elegido para la torre fue el de una estructura metálica con forjados de hormigón aligerado. Esta obra ha sido pionera en Finlandia, tanto en el campo de la construcción metálica, como en el de edificios de gran altura.

  18. Performance measurements of the effect of simulator training on novice operators in simulated ice conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Power MacDonald, Stephanie; MacKinnon, Scott N. [Memorial University, St John' s (Canada); Re, Antonio Simoes; Power, Jonathan [National Research Council, Institute for Ocean Technology, St John' s (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    Research in the marine field suggests that training be part of a holistic teaching method, including traditional and other emerging methods. Currently, training for totally enclosed motor propelled survival craft (TEMPSC) operators is provided in sheltered ports in relatively benign conditions. Also the training is very limited for ice-covered water. This paper investigated the effectiveness of simulator-based training on the competency of a novice coxswain to navigate through a simulated ice field. This research compared the performance of simulator training in comparison with traditional standard certification and watchkeeping (STCW) training for lifeboats in ice fields. Virtual marine technologies (VMT) developed the full mission S class simulator used for the training. The full-scale field trials were carried out using a TEMPSC IMO/SOLAS approved for 20 occupants. This research demonstrated through the results of the post testing questionnaire data that simulator training could provide an increased sense of confidence after training on the simulator, and lead to an increase of competency.

  19. Optimization of work and rest hours for navigation officers on the ship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simkuva H.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of the research as a whole is dedicated to studies of the work load of navigation officers and, consequently, is related to the current international research on the quality of working life. Issues of seafarers' working time are very topical because in recent years the load of navigation officers has significantly increased, either due to increase in shipping intensity, or in the context of the new international maritime law, for example, compliance with the requirements of the ISM CODE (International Management safety Code, THE ISPS (The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code. Irregularities are observed in practice of the seafarers' working hours and rest hours, and even the mismatch, as presented in the port of inspection materials. This article is intended to assess the 2nd and 3rd Officer's load compliance with the regulatory enactments for the work and rest regime to develop proposals to load optimization. Load analysis of Navigation officers is based on international maritime regulations that determine the work and rest regime on ships STCW (The International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, MLC (Maritime Labour Convention. In the article, concrete data is used from the research, which was conducted 18 months on the Handy type of tanker from July, 2012 till December, 2013 in the real time mode. In the article is also concrete data used from 340 survey respondents, which reflects the views of the navigation officers on violations of the work and rest regime on the ship and the fatigue issue.

  20. R2R Eventlogger: Community-wide Recording of Oceanographic Cruise Science Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffei, A. R.; Chandler, C. L.; Stolp, L.; Lerner, S.; Avery, J.; Thiel, T.

    2012-12-01

    Methods used by researchers to track science events during a science research cruise - and to note when and where these occur - varies widely. Handwritten notebooks, printed forms, watch-keeper logbooks, data-logging software, and customized software have all been employed. The quality of scientific results is affected by the consistency and care with which such events are recorded and integration of multi-cruise results is hampered because recording methods vary widely from cruise to cruise. The Rolling Deck to Repository (R2R) program has developed an Eventlogger system that will eventually be deployed on most vessels in the academic research fleet. It is based on the open software package called ELOG (http://midas.psi.ch/elog/) originally authored by Stefan Ritt and enhanced by our team. Lessons have been learned in its development and use on several research cruises. We have worked hard to find approaches that encourage cruise participants to use tools like the eventlogger. We examine these lessons and several eventlogger datasets from past cruises. We further describe how the R2R Science Eventlogger works in concert with the other R2R program elements to help coordinate research vessels into a coordinated mobile observing fleet. Making use of data collected on different research cruises is enabled by adopting common ways of describing science events, the science instruments employed, the data collected, etc. The use of controlled vocabularies and the practice of mapping these local vocabularies to accepted oceanographic community vocabularies helps to bind shipboard research events from different cruises into a more cohesive set of fleet-wide events that can be queried and examined in a cross-cruise manner. Examples of the use of the eventlogger during multi-cruise oceanographic research programs along with examples of resultant eventlogger data will be presented. Additionally we will highlight the importance of vocabulary use strategies to the success of the

  1. International maritime conventions on safety of fishing vessels%捕捞渔船安全国际海事立法之观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新山; 任玉清; 贺讯

    2012-01-01

    国际海事组织在过去几十年一直努力推动捕捞渔船安全国际立法工作。通过对主要的涉渔海事公约以及港口国监督措施,特别是《1993年捕捞渔船安全议定书》和《捕捞渔船船员培训、发证和值班标准国际公约》的探讨,建议中国渔业主管部门、渔业界及行业组织重视国际渔业法研究和普及工作,积极行使国际法权利和履行国际法义务,参照相关海事公约及时修改国内海事安全和渔业法规,依法建立全国统一的渔船和渔船船员登记系统,增强对捕捞渔船现代化和渔船船员培训事业的扶持力度,促进中国海洋渔业的稳健发展。%IMO has been exerted its effort to make international laws concerning safety of fishing vessels in the past decades. The paper explores those maritime conventions on fishery and port state control, in particular the 1993 Protocol Relating to the Safety of Fishing Vessels and International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel. It is recommended that the fisheries administrations, fishing industry and industrial associations emphasize studying and disseminating international fisheries laws, exercise and perform actively the international rights and obligations, amend timely the laws and regulations regarding marine safety and fishery by due reference to the related maritime conventions, establish the national register system for fishing vessels and fishing personnel, and strengthen financial support to modernization of fishing vessels and training of fishing personnel to pursue steady development of Chinese marine fishery.

  2. 稳健前行的守望者无人机项目

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐苗; 秦瑞

    2008-01-01

    守望者(Watchkeeper)是英国国防部领导下的一个重要的无人机项目,该项目旨在为英国陆海空三军提供一种基于无人机系统的情报、监视、目标捕获与侦察(ISTAR)能力。可以说,该项目自启动以来进展较为顺利,继2007年6月通过关键设计评审之后,2008年4月进行了首次飞行试验,所有的里程碑节点均满足要求,有的工作甚至提前完成。研制单位已经为它规划好了接下来的“成长”蓝图。那么就让我们一起来看看它吧。1守望者的创造者守望者无人机是应英国战术装备要求而开发的,最初有4家机构参与竞争,包括诺格公司、泰勒斯英国公司、洛马公司和英国BAE系统公司。2002年2月,诺格公司和泰勒斯英国公司在击败了其它两家公司之后获得了系统综合确认阶段(SIAP)的合同。英国国防部采用全新思想来指导两个竞争单位,要求竞标概略说明提出的无人机系统所具有的能力,而不是限制其采用何种技术和系统。因此,守望者不仅是一种空中飞行器和发射/回收装置,还包括数据链、地面站、终端和软件,软件涉及图像压缩、互操作和数据共享。诺格公司和泰勒斯英国公司各自领导的研究小组于2003年12月提交了验证和制造阶段标书。2004年7月19日,在英国范堡罗航展上,英国...