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Sample records for walter rand interdisciplinary

  1. Organizing complexity: the hopeful dreams and harsh realities of interdisciplinary collaboration at the rand corporation in the early cold war.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bessner, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Historians argue that in the early Cold War an interdisciplinary research culture defined the RAND Corporation. However, a significant epistemological gap divided the members of RAND's Social Science Division (SSD) from the rest of the organization. While the social scientists used qualitative methods, most RAND researchers embraced quantified approaches and derided the social sciences as unscientific. This encouraged RAND's social scientists to develop a political-military simulation that embraced everything-politics, culture, and psychology-that RAND's other analysts largely ignored. Yet the fact that the SSD embraced gaming, a heuristic practiced throughout RAND, suggests that the political simulation was nonetheless inspired by social scientists' engagement with their colleagues. This indicates that the concept of interdisciplinarity should move beyond its implication of collaboration to incorporate instances in which research agendas are defined against but also shaped by colleagues in other disciplines. Such a rethinking of the term may make it possible to trace how varieties of interdisciplinary interaction historically informed knowledge production. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Rand Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on PRGS.edu Overview: Pardee RAND Graduate School Student Spotlight Melody Harvey Assistant Policy Researcher; Ph.D. ... Drugs Report Biosimilar Drugs May Reduce U.S. Health Spending by $54 Billion Biologics are complex drugs used ...

  3. Walter Benjamins Berlin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). Tolkning af alle 33 kapitler i Benjamins bybarndomserindringer fra Berlin i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede.......Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). Tolkning af alle 33 kapitler i Benjamins bybarndomserindringer fra Berlin i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede....

  4. Nwankwola and Walter

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    14, no. 2 (2012). 297. ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN SHALLOW COASTAL AQUIFERS. OF OKRIKA ISLAND, EASTERN NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA. Nwankwoala, H.O. and Walter, I. O.. Department of Geology, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Tel: +234 (0) 803 672 3009,. Corresponding Author: E-mail: ...

  5. Haworth, Prof. Walter Norman

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Walter Norman Nobel Laureate (Chemistry) - 1937. Date of birth: 19 March 1883. Date of death: 19 March 1950. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook ... Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and Outreach. Math and Finance ...

  6. Hess, Prof. Walter Rudolf

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1966 Honorary. Hess, Prof. Walter Rudolf Nobel Laureate (Medicine) - 1949. Date of birth: 17 March 1881. Date of death: 12 August 1973. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three ...

  7. Roesky, Prof. Herbert Walter

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1997 Honorary. Roesky, Prof. Herbert Walter. Date of birth: 6 November 1935. Address: Director, Institut füer Anorganische Chemie, der Universität Göettingen, Tammannstrasse 4, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany Contact: Office: (+49-551) 393 0001. Residence: (+49-551) 76 183

  8. Walter Scandale honoured

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    On 9 December 2008, Walter Scandale, a member of the EN Department, received the decoration of Knight of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, one of Italy’s highest decorations. He was awarded the medal by the Consul-General of Italy in Geneva on behalf of the President of the Italian Republic in recognition of his services to Italy in the field of science.

  9. Walter Greiner: In Memoriam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zen Vasconcellos, César; Coelho, Helio T.; Hess, Peter Otto

    Walter Greiner (29 October 1935 - 6 October 2016) was a German theoretical physicist. His scientific research interests include the thematic areas of atomic physics, heavy ion physics, nuclear physics, elementary particle physics (particularly quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics). He is most known in Germany for his series of books in theoretical physics, but he is also well known around the world. Greiner was born on October 29, 1935, in Neuenbau, Sonnenberg, Germany. He studied physics at the University of Frankfurt (Goethe University in Frankfurt Am Main), receiving in this institution a BSci in physics and a Master’s degree in 1960 with a thesis on plasma-reactors, and a PhD in 1961 at the University of Freiburg under Hans Marshal, with a thesis on the nuclear polarization in μ-mesic atoms. During the period of 1962 to 1964 he was assistant professor at the University of Maryland, followed by a position as research associate at the University of Freiburg, in 1964. Starting in 1965, he became a full professor at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at Goethe University until 2003. Greiner has been a visiting professor to many universities and laboratories, including Florida State University, the University of Virginia, the University of California, the University of Melbourne, Vanderbilt University, Yale University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory. In 2003, with Wolf Singer, he was the founding Director of the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), and gave lectures and seminars in elementary particle physics. He died on October 6, 2016 at the age of 80. Walter Greiner was an excellent teacher, researcher, friend. And he was a great supporter of the series of events known by the acronyms IWARA - International Workshop on Astronomy and Relativistic Astrophysics, STARS - Caribbean Symposium on Cosmology, Gravitation, Nuclear and Astroparticle Physics, and SMFNS - International Symposium on Strong

  10. Vae Victis : Esimene juhtum : Walter Reder / Hannes Walter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Walter, Hannes, 1952-2004

    2004-01-01

    Teises maailmasõjas Saksamaa poolel võidelnud austerlasest Walter Rederist, kes mõisteti 1951. aastal Bolognas kommunistide korraldatud nn Stalini Venemaa stiilis kohtulavastuse tulemusena süüdi sõjaroimarina

  11. Walter Garstang: a retrospective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Nicholas D

    2011-12-01

    Although, Walter Garstang died over 60 years ago, his work is still cited--sometimes praised, but sometimes belittled. On the negative side, he often appropriated ideas of others without attribution, ignored earlier studies conflicting with his theories, and clung to notions like inheritance of acquired characters, progressive evolution, and saltation after many of his contemporaries were advancing toward the modern synthesis. Moreover, his evolutionary scenarios--especially his derivation of vertebrates from a sessile ascidian--have not been well supported by recent work in developmental genetics and molecular phylogenetics. On the positive side, Garstang firmly established several points of view that remain useful in the age of evolutionary development (evo-devo). He popularized the valid idea that adaptive changes in larvae combined with shifts in developmental timing (heterochrony) could radically change adult morphology and provide an escape from overspecialization. Moreover, his re-statement of the biogenetic law is now widely accepted: namely, that recapitulation results when characters at one stage of development are required for the correct formation of other characters at subsequent stages (his stepping stone model). In other words, ontogeny creates phylogeny because some developmental features are constraints, favoring particular evolutionary outcomes while excluding others. This viewpoint is a useful basis for advancing concepts of homology and for comparing the phylogeny of ontogenies across a series of animals to ascertain the timing and the nature of the underlying ontogenetic changes.

  12. Who in the World Is Ayn Rand?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsell, Rhodena; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to underscore the importance of reading the works of author Ayn Rand. Special focus will be placed on her novella, "The Anthem" (1938). A main idea questioning strategy will be used to reveal Rand's philosophy and determine the most salient points for ethical administrators. Focus will be placed on the following…

  13. a case study of Rand Water

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vincent Mello

    archivist, records manager and IT specialist in attempt to align to the latest practical and effective approaches. Brief background of records management at Rand Water. In view of the historical account on the evolution of the Rand Water archiving and records management function, it can be appreciated that the system of ...

  14. Middle School: Lessons from the Rand Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunting, Carolyn E.

    2005-01-01

    This article reports on a recent study by the Rand Corporation that concluded that there is cause for middle schools to worry. Commissioned by the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, one of four major philanthropies supporting the middle school movement, the Rand investigation is clear in its assessment: The American middle school leaves adolescents…

  15. Rand Corporation Mean Monthly Global Snow Depth

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — All available monthly snow depth climatologies were integrated by the Rand Corporation, in the early 1980s, into one global (excluding Africa and South America)...

  16. Walter sutton: physician, scientist, inventor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Gregory J; Hulston, Nancy J; Kovac, Anthony L

    2015-01-01

    Walter S. Sutton (1877-1916) was a physician, scientist, and inventor. Most of the work on Sutton has focused on his recognition that chromosomes carry genetic material and are the basis for Mendelian inheritance. Perhaps less well known is his work on rectal administration of ether. After Sutton's work on genetics, he completed his medical degree in 1907 and began a 2-year surgical fellowship at Roosevelt Hospital, New York City, NY, where he was introduced to the technique of rectal administration of ether. Sutton modified the work of others and documented 100 cases that were reported in his 1910 landmark paper "Anaesthesia by Colonic Absorption of Ether". Sutton had several deaths in his study, but he did not blame the rectal method. He felt that his use of rectal anesthesia was safe when administered appropriately and believed that it offered a distinct advantage over traditional pulmonary ether administration. His indications for its use included (1) head and neck surgery; (2) operations when ether absorption must be minimized due to heart, lung, or kidney problems; and (3) preoperative pulmonary complications. His contraindications included (1) cases involving alimentary tract or weakened colon; (2) laparotomies, except when the peritoneal cavity was not opened; (3) incompetent sphincter or anal fistula; (4) orthopnea; and (5) emergency cases. Sutton wrote the chapter on "Rectal Anesthesia" in one of the first comprehensive textbooks in anesthesia, James Tayloe Gwathmey's Anesthesia. Walter Sutton died of a ruptured appendix in 1916 at age 39. Copyright © 2014 Anesthesia History Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Obituary: Walter G. Egan, 1923-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgeman, Theodore

    2009-01-01

    Walter G. Egan, a scientist and engineer with a professional life spanning well over half a century, died on 3 November 2003. Born to Caroline and George Egan on 12 October 1923 in New York City, Egan studied Electrical Engineering at the City College of New York from 1941 until 1943 when he was called to active duty in World War II, switching from enlisted reserve status. During the war, he served honorably in both the Signal Corps and the Medical Corps. Following his discharge in 1946, he resumed his college studies, obtaining a BEE in 1949 from City College of New York, an MA in Physics in 1951 from Columbia University, and a PhD in Solid State Physics in 1960 from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. Egan's PhD thesis was "Ferromagnetic Resonance in thin Nickel Films," performed under advisor H. Juretschke. Egan's professional career covered both industry and academia. In the summer of 1942, he worked for the Bruce Engineering Company. From 1957 to 1963, he worked for Ford Instrument Company, a Division of Sperry Rand Corporation, successively as an Engineering Project Supervisor, Assistant Director of Research, and Executive Assistant to the Director of Research. From 1964 to 1986 Egan worked as a Staff Scientist at the Grumman Corporation Corporate Research Center where his pioneering work consisted of research and development of remote sensing equipment and techniques for the remote sensing of terrestrial and space targets and backgrounds. I came to know and work with him during his tenure at the Grumman Corporation, where we co-authored many papers and a book. His insight into remote sensing engineering and research, shared willingly with younger colleagues, was a major stimulus to my future research in this field. Egan instilled a sense of discipline in publication, so our work could be shared with others in a timely way. This drive to share his knowledge with others also made him an excellent teacher. Subsequently, he held the position of Research

  18. Summary of Steve Jobs, Walter Isaacson

    CERN Document Server

    Reader, Capitol

    2013-01-01

    This ebook consists of a summary of the ideas, viewpoints and facts presented by Walter Isaacson in his book "Steve Jobs". This summary offers a concise overview of the entire book in less than 30 minutes reading time. However this work does not replace in any case Walter Isaacson's book.Isaacson reveals the story of Steve Jobs career, which is a tale filled with lessons about innovation, character, leadership and being true to one's own values.

  19. RAND's Impact in the Middle East. Corporate Publication

    Science.gov (United States)

    RAND Corporation, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The RAND Corporation works throughout the Middle East to analyze complex policy problems and help policymakers create enduring solutions. RAND's work in the Middle East focuses on the issues that drive economic development. This brief report provides an overview of RAND's impact in the Middle East in the areas of supporting youth, health and…

  20. El enigma de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Sigüenza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente ensayo inicia reconstruyendo el relato de los últimos días de la vida de Walter Benjamin, en el contexto histórico de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, y la existencia de un misterioso manuscrito perdido en su frustrada huida por la frontera franco-española en 1940; en la segunda parte se intenta descifrar la enigmática fisionomía del pensador berlinés, cuya perspectiva múltiple, tanto en lo teórico como en lo político, lo convierten en un autor incomprendido, pero tremendamente fascinante; en la tercera parte se explora uno de sus textos más herméticos, conocido como las tesis Sobre el concepto de historia, con la intención de poner de manifiesto el carácter crítico de su discurso, como clave para comprender los enigmas del mundo moderno y su necesaria transformación revolucionaria.

  1. Explicit solutions of the Rand Equation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Keywords: Nonlinear partial differential equations, evolution equations, symmetries, similarity solutions, Rand Equation. PACS-Code: ... Classical symmetry analysis - algebraic group properties ... The result is a well-defined system of eight linear homogeneous PDEs (describing the point symmetries) for the infinitesimals. ),(.

  2. Wer hat Angst vor Ayn Rand?

    OpenAIRE

    Brühwiler, Claudia Franziska

    2013-01-01

    Das Werk der amerikanischen Schriftstellerin Ayn Rand hat in den USA sowohl die Politik als auch die Populärkultur geprägt. Ihre Ideen finden sich im amerikanischen Kongress wie auch bei den Simpsons. Die neue Übersetzung ihres Hauptwerks macht sie nun auch im deutschsprachigen Raum wieder zugänglich.

  3. Rand Project AIR FORCE Annual Report 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    engen - dering an increasingly raucous debate. Pointing to modern- day reliance on computers and the Internet—communications, financial networks, power...Airman Albert is an electrical power produc- tion journeyman with the 10th Intelligence Squadron. Annual Report 2010 43 will possess...RAND Corporation Robert C. Wright, Former Vice Chairman, General Electric ; Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, NBC Universal; Chairman and

  4. Um sanitarista chamado Walter Leser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Arantes Mello

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoFaz uma breve revisão da trajetória profissional do médico sanitarista Walter Sidney Pereira Leser, falecido em 2004 aos 94 anos. Autodidata, a partir de sua tese de doutoramento de 1933, torna-se referência no campo da estatística e epidemiologia no país, com dezenas de estudos e orientações. No campo clínico é um dos fundadores do Laboratório Fleury, e participa da criação do CREMESP. Como acadêmico, foi catedrático da Escola de Sociologia e Política de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina e Faculdade de Farmácia e Odontologia da USP. Introduziu os testes objetivos no exame vestibular, e esteve à frente da criação do CESCEM e Fundação Carlos Chagas. Na Escola Paulista criou o primeiro Departamento de Medicina Preventiva do país. Como administrador público, foi secretário de Estado da Saúde entre 1967 e 1971 e entre 1975 e 1979, responsável por extensas reformas e inovações. Entre as mais lembradas, a criação da carreira de médico sanitarista. Por todo esse legado, emprestou seu nome à “Medalha de Honra e Mérito da Gestão Pública em Saúde” do governo paulista.

  5. Communications---Rand-HUD Fire Models

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrick Wallace; Deborah Wallace

    1980-01-01

    The March, 1978 issue of Management Science carried a paper by Jan M. Chaiken titled "Transfer of Emergency Service Deployment Models to Operating Agencies" which purported to describe the successful implementation of, among other things, fire service management models developed by the Rand Corporation for the Office of Policy Development and Research of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The appearance of this paper at such a late date raises serious questions of pro...

  6. Walter Pater and the Language of Sculpture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østermark-Johansen, Lene

    are closely linked. Going beyond Pater's views on sculpture as an art form, this study traces the notion of relief (rilievo) and hybrid form in Pater, and his view of the writer as sculptor, a carver in language. Alongside her treatment of rilievo as a pervasive trope, Lene Østermark-Johansen also employs...... the idea of rivalry (paragone) more broadly, examining Pater's concern with positioning himself as an art critic in the late Victorian art world. Situating Pater within centuries of European aesthetic theories as never before done, Walter Pater and the Language of Sculpture throws new light......Walter Pater and the Language of Sculpture is the first monograph to discuss the Victorian critic Walter Pater's attitude to sculpture. It brings together Pater's aesthetic theories with his theories on language and writing, to demonstrate how his ideas of the visual and written language...

  7. Rethinking ASGISA and the rand exchange rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem H Boshoff

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The ASGISA policy document identifies the exchange rate as one of the factors constraining accelerated growth in South Africa. This note argues that currency developments do not translate into business cycle movements in the aggregate economy, and that a weaker exchange rate is less likely to boost either foreign investment or export performance in the face of regulatory uncertainty. The South African government has recently launched the Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative (ASGISA aimed at raising the long-term growth path of the economy. The plan identifies several so-called “binding constraints” that are considered to be inhibiting the economy from rising to more elevated levels of economic growth. One such “constraint”, according to the ASGISA policy document, is the “volatility and level of the currency” (Republic of South Africa, 2006. By including this issue, policymakers have signalled that fluctuations in the Rand are considered significant to broader economic fluctuations in South Africa. This research note questions such a conviction by offering evidence that currency fluctuations are not mirrored in the South African business cycle. Nonetheless, proponents may argue that a weaker Rand will stimulate particular sectors, mostly those that are export-oriented, while it will boost Foreign Direct Investment (FDI. However, this note argues further that a weaker Rand is less likely to generate sustainable improvement in either export-oriented industries or FDI in the absence of other reforms. The following sections consider these two issues in sequence.

  8. Walter van der Cruijsen / Walter van der Cruijsen ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cruijsen, Walter van der

    2006-01-01

    1997. a. Berliinis tehtud intervjuu hollandi maali, võrgu- ja installatsioonikunstniku Walter van der Cruijseniga (sünd. 1958), kes kuulub Euroopa ühe edukama 1990-ndatel loodud võrguprojekti De Digitale Stad Amsterdam loojate hulka

  9. Walter Turnbull: Understanding the Power of Music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Abby

    1996-01-01

    Presents an interview with Walter Turnbull, founder and conductor of Boys Choir of Harlem (New York). Turnbull discusses the origins of the choir and the positive affects it has had on its many participants. He also discusses the role of music in arts education and the importance of the arts in the curriculum. (MJP)

  10. Walter Frank Raphael Weldon (1860-1906)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 22; Issue 6. Walter Frank Raphael Weldon (1860-1906). Amitabh Joshi ... Author Affiliations. Amitabh Joshi1. Evolutionary Biology Laboratories, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru 560 064, India, ...

  11. Attache Extraordinaire: Vernon A. Walters and Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    subway systems, see Frank Marcio Oliveira, “Vernon Walters: Gosto pelo subterrâneo,”Revista Brasileira de Inteligencia , 1 (2005), p. 45-51. 159 “A...subterrâneo. Revista Brasileira de Inteligencia , 1 (2005), p. 45-51. PARKER, Phyllis R. • Brazil and the Quiet Intervention. Austin: Univerity of

  12. Naeratusega esimesse koolipäeva / Mailis Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Mailis, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    Haridusminister Mailis Rand kirjutab uue kooliaasta alguses õpikeskkonna paranemisest, koolivägivallast, vene õppekeelega koolide sotsiaalsest integreerumisest ja õpetajate tööst. Autor: Keskerakond

  13. Early history and reactivation of the rand thrust, southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postlethwaite, Clay E.; Jacobson, Carl E.

    The Rand thrust of the Rand Mountains in the northwestern Mojave Desert separates an upper plate of quartz monzonite and quartzofeldspathic to amphibolitic gneiss from a lower plate of metagraywacke and mafic schist (Rand Schist). The Rand thrust is considered part of the regionally extensive Vincent/Chocolate Mountain thrust system, which is commonly believed to represent a Late Cretaceous subduction zone. The initial direction of dip and sense of movement along the Vincent/Chocolate Mountain thrust are controversial. Microfabrics of mylonites and quartzites from the Rand Mountains were analyzed in an attempt to determine transport direction for this region, but the results are ambiguous. In addition, the southwestern portion of the Rand thrust was found to have been reactivated as a low-angle normal fault after subduction. Reactivation might have occurred shortly after subduction, in which case it could account for the preservation of high-pressure mineral assemblages in the Rand Schist, or it could be related to mid-Tertiary extension in the western United States. In either event, the reactivation might be responsible for the complicated nature of the microfabrics. The Rand Schist exhibits an inverted metamorphic zonation. Isograds in the schist are not significantly truncated by the reactivated segment of the Rand thrust. This indicates that other segments of the Vincent/Chocolate Mountain thrust should be re-evaluated for the possibility of late movement, even if they show an apparently undisturbed inverted metamorphic zonation.

  14. Rand volatility and inflation in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azwifaneli Innocentia (Mulaudzi Nemushu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The floating exchange rate regime, coupled with a more open trade policy and the growth in imports, leaves South Africa vulnerable to the effects of exchange rate behaviour on import, producer and consumer prices, which all contribute to inflation. Given the central role that inflation targeting occupies in South Africa’s monetary policy, this paper examines the effect of exchange rate shocks on consumer prices using monthly data covering the period January 1994 to December 2013. Consistent with developing countries story, results show a modest exchange rate pass-through to inflation, although inflation is mainly driven by own shocks. The variance decompositions also reveal that foreign exchange rate shocks (REER contribute relatively more to inflation than money supply shocks (M3. This suggests that South African inflation process is not basically influenced by money supply changes. The practical implication is that that the volatility of the rand is not a serious threat to inflation. The SARB should therefore focus on price stability and not be unduly worried about the volatility of the rand.

  15. A modernidade pelo olhar de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha D'Angelo

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O OBJETIVO do artigo é traçar um perfil da modernidade tomando como referência os ensaios "Paris capital do século XIX" e "Paris do Segundo Império em Baudelaire", de Walter Benjamin. O texto pretende revelar as relações entre o processo revolucionário francês, a mercantilização da sociedade e da arte e a obra poética de Baudelaire.THIS article's aim is to sketch a profile of Modernity using as reference the essays "Paris, Capital of the 19th Century" and "Paris of the Second Empire in Baudelaire", by Walter Benjamin. It attempts to fathom the relationships between the French revolutionary process, the commercialization of society and art, and the poetic work of Baudelaire.

  16. RAND's Rose-Colored Glasses: How RAND's Report on U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology Gets It Wrong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezell, Stephen J.; Atkinson, Robert D.

    2008-01-01

    In recent years a number of reports have raised alarm over the deteriorating state of U.S. science and technology (S&T) competitiveness. But a recent report by the RAND Corporation, "U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology," argues that the U.S. continues to lead the world. RAND's report has been interpreted to suggest that the "clarion…

  17. Eesti chalmeristide hubane tervitusõhtu Göteborgis / Kaarel Rand ; foto: Kaarel Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Kaarel

    2008-01-01

    chalmeristide traditsioonilisel tervitusõhtul viibisid: Mart Mägi, Enno Abel, Eva Abel, Siim Saarlo, Eva Talve, Risto Vahtra, Kati Nikopensius, Margit Vallikivi, Margit Rästas, Kevin Valdek, Hendrik Voll, Andres Sampka, Mait Märdin, Tõnis Hõbejõgi, Mari-Liis Maripuu, Rünno Allikivi, Märt Kalmo, Kadri-Ann Valgeväli, Eva Kessler, Alar Ainla ja Kaarel Rand

  18. An Interview with Dr. Walter Lear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    The Editors

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In this issue of the English version of Social Medicine we are publishing the first of several pamphlets loaned to us by the US Health Activism History Collection. To introduce this collection we travelled to Philadelphia on June 18, 2008 to interview Dr. Walter J. Lear. Dr Lear, born in 1923, is the person responsible for the collection. In a wide-ranging interview in his home Dr. Lear discussed his personal background, the origins and purpose of the collection, the impact of the McCarthy period on the US health left, as well as his vision for the future.

  19. Walter Owen, the translator of Martin Fierro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara J. Iriarte

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to: i deal with the translation into English of José Hernández’ Martín Fierro, undertaken by Walter Owen from a translator-as-cultural-agent-centered perspective; ii explore into Owen’s active participation as a patron to the literary project; iii analyze the “gaucho” representations as they appear in editorial paratexts; iv unveil the source culture discourses interacting with new interpretations proving the production of new meanings that result from translation.

  20. Calculation of Multiphase Chemical Equilibrium by the Modified RAND Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsanas, Christos; Stenby, Erling Halfdan; Yan, Wei

    2017-01-01

    A robust and efficient algorithm for simultaneous chemical and phase equilibrium calculations is proposed. It combines two individual nonstoichiometric solving procedures: a nested-loop method with successive substitution for the first steps and final convergence with the second-order modified RAND...... method. The modified RAND extends the classical RAND method from single-phase chemical reaction equilibrium of ideal systems to multiphase chemical equilibrium of nonideal systems. All components in all phases are treated in the same manner and the system Gibbs energy can be used to monitor convergence....... This is the first time that modified RAND was applied to multiphase chemical equilibrium systems. The combined algorithm was tested using nine examples covering vapor–liquid (VLE) and vapor–liquid–liquid equilibria (VLLE) of ideal and nonideal reaction systems. Successive substitution provided good initial...

  1. Walter Benjamin ja lugemismõnu / Aija Sakova-Merivee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sakova-Merivee, Aija, 1980-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Benjamin, Walter. Lapsepõlv Berliinis 1900. aasta paiku : valik esseid. II / Walter Benjamin ; saksa keelest tõlkinud Mati Sirkel ; koostanud ja järelsõna: Marek Tamm. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2014. (Loomingu raamatukogu ; 2014, nr. 9/11)

  2. Walter Rowe Courtenay, Jr. (1933–2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Amy J.

    2016-01-01

    WALTER R. COURTENAY, JR., ichthyologist and retired professor, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, died in Gainesville, Florida, on 30 January 2014 at age 80. Walt was born in Neenah, Wisconsin, on 6 November 1933, son of Walter and Emily Courtenay. Walt's interest in fish began at a young age as evidenced by a childhood diary in which at 13 years of age he wrote about his first catch—a two-and-a-half pound “pike” from Lake Winnebago. When Walt turned ten, the family moved from Wisconsin to Nashville, Tennessee, the move precipitated by his father accepting a position as pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. During those early days in Nashville, Walt's father would take summers off and travel to Michigan to teach at Camp Miniwanca along the shore of Lake Michigan where father and son honed their angling skills. It was also at that time Walt's father had definite views on what his son should be doing in adult life—in Walt's case it was to become a medical doctor. However, his Woods Hole internship in marine biology and oceanography toward the end of his undergraduate years was a transformative experience for him so much so that he abandoned all ideas of becoming a medical doctor and instead specialized in ichthyology and oceanography. Apart from the inherent interest and opportunities Woods Hole opened to him, being back at the shore of a large body of water, in this case the Atlantic Ocean, was far more interesting than sitting in lectures on organic chemistry. With that, Walt completed his B.A. degree at Vanderbilt University in 1956. In 1960 while in graduate school in Miami, Walt met and married Francine Saporito, and over the next several years had two children, Walter III and Catherine. He went on to receive his M.S. in 1961 from The Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science at the University of Miami on the systematics of the genus Haemulon (grunts) and his Ph.D. degree in 1965 working under his advisor C. Richard

  3. Obituary: Walter Alexander Feibelman, 1930-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oergerle, William

    2005-12-01

    Walter Alexander Feibelman, 79, an astronomer who discovered the E-ring of Saturn, died of a heart attack 19 November 2004 at his home at Riderwood Village in Silver Spring, Maryland. Walter was born 30 October 1925 in Berlin, Germany to Bernard and Dora Feibelman. He came to the United States with his parents in 1941. They were some of the last German Jews to flee Nazi Germany. Years later, he reported his experiences in an account contributed to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. As a youth, he worked at a cleaning shop and as a soda jerk before taking a course in tool and die making. He worked at the Abbey Photo Corp. in New York and in a model-making firm, where he constructed models of aircraft for use in identification courses by the Army Air Forces. After high school, he attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology and received his BS degree in 1956. Until 1969, he was a research scientist at the University of Pittsburgh. While working as an assistant research professor in physics and astronomy at the University of Pittsburgh in 1967, he examined a photo of Saturn taken a year earlier at the university's Allegheny Observatory. The E-ring -- unlike the bright main rings, A, B, C, D and F -- is faint and not easily spotted. He paired his observation with calculations and announced his discovery, which remained unconfirmed until the Pioneer 11 flyby in 1979. Walter joined the Optical Astronomy Division of Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt in 1969, and worked there until 2002, when he became an emeritus astronomer at NASA. He became associated with the International Ultraviolet Explorer project, and worked on developing detectors for the orbiting observatory's spectrograph. The project turned out to be one of NASA's most successful observatories, operating from 1978 to 1996. In his scientific career, he published more than 200 refereed articles, mainly on hot stars and planetary nebulae. He also wrote papers in the fields of photography, spectroscopy

  4. Walter Benjamin: historia, experiencia y modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Alejandro Molano

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde finales del siglo XX, las investigaciones sobre modernidad, orientadas hacia distintos segmentos del campo cultural, han venido ganando un enorme terreno. Las obras de Walter Benjamin, leídas en esta perspectiva, cobran un gran valor. Se busca explorar cuatro temas benjaminianos: a algunos aspectos de su concepto de historia; b el concepto de experiencia, para mostrar su dimensión histórico-crítica con respecto al ascenso de la cultura moderna; c las afinidades entre el modo en que se desarrolla la visión alegórica en el drama barroco alemán y el modo en que Baudelaire afronta las problemáticas de la modernidad; d elementos de algunas formas culturales del arte moderno que entusiasman a Benjamin.

  5. The Death and Life of Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Kishik

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available What if Walter Benjamin actually made it to New York as he was escaping the Nazis, settling there for the rest of his long life? What if he was working on a sequel to his Arcades Project, translating his ideas about Paris, capital of the nineteenth century, to his new city and own epoch? And what if I inadvertently discovered the manuscript of this so-called Manhattan Project, and decided to write a study dedicated to the unearthed text? This paper offers a few reflections on, and quotations from, the book that I am currently, truly working on, which is an analysis of a phantom of a book, inspired by a real collection of reflections and quotations that were made in preparation for another book that was also never written.

  6. A Study of Meeting the Emotional Needs of Dying Patients and their Families at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    for the creation of a special thanatology team called "The Care Team". This interdisciplinary team consisting of volunteer physicians, nurses, social...the status quo, (2) establish a fully operational hospice, or (3) establish a thanatology team that is specifically designed to help dying patients... Thanatology Team To some the status quo is not acceptable, yet at the same time establishing a fully operational hospice at Walter Reed Army Medical Center

  7. Interdisciplinary Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagib Callaos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Communication is fundamental in scientific practice and an integral part of academic work. The practice of communication cannot be neglected by those who are trying to advance scientific research. Effective means should continuously be identified in order to open channels of communication within and among disciplines, among scientists and between scientists and the general public.[1]The increasing importance of interdisciplinary communication has been pointed out by an increasing number of researchers and scholars, as well as in conferences and roundtables on the subject. Some authors even estimate that "interdisciplinary study represents the future of the university."[2] Since interdisciplinary study is "the most underthought critical, pedagogical and institutional concept in modern academy"[3] it is important to think and reflect, and even do some research, on this concept or notion. Research and practice based reflections with regards to this issue are important especially because the increasing complexity and proliferation of scientific research is generating countless specialties, sub-specialties and sub-sub-specialties, with their respective special languages; which were "created for discrete local areas of research based upon the disconnected branches of science."[4] On the other hand, scientific, technical and societal problems are requiring multi- or inter-disciplinary consideration. Consequently, interdisciplinary communication channels are being needed with urgency, and scientific research should be integrated, not just in the context of its discipline, but also in the context of related disciplines. Much more reflection and research should be done on this issue. Research on adequate research integration and communication is urgently required, i.e. meta-research efforts should be done in order to relate research results in an adequate and more useful way. This meta-research effort might be done in the context of each particular

  8. Ayn Rand's fiction and the shaping of modern american individualism

    OpenAIRE

    Stanforth, Daniel Phillip

    2018-01-01

    A lo largo de la historia, han surgido varios movimientos políticos y filosóficos, pero la gran mayoría no han perdurado. Sin embargo, algunos, como la democracia o el comunismo se popularizan y afectan al mundo entero. Aquí en los Estados Unidos, la nueva filosofía quizás más desafiante e inusual ha sido formada por la novelista, Ayn Rand. El punto de vista de Rand sigue siendo relativamente desconocido en América, pero si se arraigase, revolucionaría nuestras vidas. Esta cita fue la int...

  9. Baudelaire'i Pariis Walter Benjamini esseedes / Vappu Thurlow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thurlow, Vappu, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Marksismi kalduva Walter Benjamini kulturoloogilisest uurimusest, mis keskendub ühiskondlikule ja kultuurielule ning varases staadiumis olevale modernismile, mistõttu saab tema arutluskäikude keskseks kangelaseks Charles Baudelair kui flaneur

  10. Reading "The Fountainhead": The Missing Self in Ayn Rand's Ethical Individualism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fand, Roxanne J.

    2009-01-01

    Ayn Rand's novel "The Fountainhead" can be a useful text in an undergraduate English class, helping students think through issues of individualism. Rand's own concept of the self, however, ignores its social dimensions. (Contains 7 notes.)

  11. Thomas Walter Bannerman Kibble (1932 - 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Tom Kibble, an internationally-renowned theoretical physicist, passed away on Thursday 2 June.   Tom Kibble in the CMS cavern during a visit to CERN in 2014. (Photo: CMS/CERN) Professor Thomas Walter Bannerman Kibble passed away unexpectedly on 2 June at the age of 83. He was senior research investigator at the Blackett Laboratory and Emeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College, London. He made seminal contributions to our current understanding of symmetries and symmetry breaking in the Standard Model of particle physics. He was among those who, in 1964, proposed the mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking in gauge theories, together with G. Guralnik and C. Hagen in the autumn of that year, following the papers by R. Brout and F. Englert and by P. Higgs. When this new understanding was incorporated into a model proposed by S. Glashow in 1961, it led to the first formulations of the Standard Model by S. Weinberg and A. Salam. Kibble deepened our under...

  12. A public health physician named Walter Leser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mello, Guilherme Arantes; Bonfim, José Ruben de Alcântara

    2015-09-01

    A brief review of the career of the public health physician Walter Sidney Pereira Leser, who died in 2004 aged 94. Self-taught, from his 1933 doctoral thesis he became a country reference in the field of statistics and epidemiology, with dozens of studies and supervisions. In the clinical field he is one of the founders of Fleury Laboratory, and participates in the creation of CREMESP. As an academic, Leser was a professor at the Escola de Sociologia e Política de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina e Faculdade de Farmácia e Odontologia da USP. Also, Leser introduced objective tests in the college entrance examination, and led the creation of CESCEM and Carlos Chagas Foundation. In the Escola Paulista de Medicina he created the first Preventive Medicine Department of the country. As a public official, he was secretary of the State Department of Health of São Paulo between 1967 and 1971 and between 1975 and 1979, responsible for extensive reforms and innovations. Among the most remembered, the creation of sanitary medical career. Throughout this legacy, he lent his name to the "Medal of Honor and Merit Public Health Management" of the State of São Paulo.

  13. Annual Report 2011-2012 (RAND National Security Research Division)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    OSD . www .rand .org/pubs/monographs/MG934 .html The Challenge of Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations: An Assessment of Mexican Security Based...TR768 .html A Review of the Army’s Modular Force Structure . Stuart E . Johnson, John E . Peters, Karin E . Kitchens , Aaron L . Martin, and Jordan R

  14. Maalähedane "Tuuline rand" / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Režissööride Kaljo Kiisa ja Viktor Sõmeri filmist "Tuuline rand" (1971), kriitikute hinnangust filmile. Osades Heino Raudsik, Antanas Barcas, Leila Säälik, Katrin Välbe, Hugo Laur, Enn Kraam, Rein Aren, Jüri Järvet jt.

  15. Walter Baade and the Southern Hemisphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.

    1993-12-01

    The inception of the European Southern Observatory is generally traced to Walter Baade's discussions with Jan Oort during his visit to Leiden in the spring of 1953. However, these discussions had certainly been underway between them previously, during Oort's visit to Pasadena in early 1952. Furthermore, Baade's great interest in southern-hemisphere astronomy and his strong desire to observe there can be traced far back in his career. In 1927, after his return to Germany from a year in the U.S. under a Rockefeller fellowship, Baade reported that his country had no chance to catch up with American astronomy in the northern hemisphere. He advocated moving the Hamburg 1-meter reflector to the southern hemisphere to get in ahead of the U.S. with an effective telescope there. Baade emphasized the research that could be done on high-luminosity and variable stars in the Magellanic Clouds. Later, after he had joined the Mount Wilson staff, his early attempts to locate the center of our Galaxy and globular clusters near it (in 1937) and his observational study (with Edwin Hubble) of the Sculptor and Fornax dwarf galaxies (in 1939) re-emphasized to him the need for a southern observatory. During and soon after World War II he made many suggestions on a search for ``cluster-type variables'' in the Magellanic Clouds to Enrique Gaviola, director of the new 1.5-meter Bosque Alegre reflector in Argentina. Baade wanted to go there to observe with it himself, but his German citizenship prevented him from leaving the U.S.. Finally, in the last year of his life, he was able to observe NGC 6522 (the globular cluster in ``his'' window), with the Mount Stromlo 1.9-meter reflector.

  16. Animatsiooni vastu ei saa ükski / Mikk Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Mikk, 1970-

    1998-01-01

    21.5. esilinastuvad kinos "Sõprus" 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  17. Explicit solutions of the Rand Equation | Huber | International ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper the meaning of a nonlinear partial differential equation (nPDE) of the third-order is shown to the first time. The equation is known as the 'Rand Equation' and belongs to a class of less studied nPDEs. Both the explicit physical meaning as well as the behaviour is not known until now. Therefore we believe it is ...

  18. Registered Replication Report: Rand, Greene, and Nowak (2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouwmeester, S; Verkoeijen, P P J L; Aczel, B; Barbosa, F; Bègue, L; Brañas-Garza, P; Chmura, T G H; Cornelissen, G; Døssing, F S; Espín, A M; Evans, A M; Ferreira-Santos, F; Fiedler, S; Flegr, J; Ghaffari, M; Glöckner, A; Goeschl, T; Guo, L; Hauser, O P; Hernan-Gonzalez, R; Herrero, A; Horne, Z; Houdek, P; Johannesson, M; Koppel, L; Kujal, P; Laine, T; Lohse, J; Martins, E C; Mauro, C; Mischkowski, D; Mukherjee, S; Myrseth, K O R; Navarro-Martínez, D; Neal, T M S; Novakova, J; Pagà, R; Paiva, T O; Palfi, B; Piovesan, M; Rahal, R-M; Salomon, E; Srinivasan, N; Srivastava, A; Szaszi, B; Szollosi, A; Thor, K Ø; Tinghög, G; Trueblood, J S; Van Bavel, J J; van 't Veer, A E; Västfjäll, D; Warner, M; Wengström, E; Wills, J; Wollbrant, C E

    2017-05-01

    In an anonymous 4-person economic game, participants contributed more money to a common project (i.e., cooperated) when required to decide quickly than when forced to delay their decision (Rand, Greene & Nowak, 2012), a pattern consistent with the social heuristics hypothesis proposed by Rand and colleagues. The results of studies using time pressure have been mixed, with some replication attempts observing similar patterns (e.g., Rand et al., 2014) and others observing null effects (e.g., Tinghög et al., 2013; Verkoeijen & Bouwmeester, 2014). This Registered Replication Report (RRR) assessed the size and variability of the effect of time pressure on cooperative decisions by combining 21 separate, preregistered replications of the critical conditions from Study 7 of the original article (Rand et al., 2012). The primary planned analysis used data from all participants who were randomly assigned to conditions and who met the protocol inclusion criteria (an intent-to-treat approach that included the 65.9% of participants in the time-pressure condition and 7.5% in the forced-delay condition who did not adhere to the time constraints), and we observed a difference in contributions of -0.37 percentage points compared with an 8.6 percentage point difference calculated from the original data. Analyzing the data as the original article did, including data only for participants who complied with the time constraints, the RRR observed a 10.37 percentage point difference in contributions compared with a 15.31 percentage point difference in the original study. In combination, the results of the intent-to-treat analysis and the compliant-only analysis are consistent with the presence of selection biases and the absence of a causal effect of time pressure on cooperation.

  19. Teori Pembentukan Konsep Menurut Filsafat Objektivisme Ayn Rand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuk Ananta Wijaya

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The concept formation is one of the most fundamental probelms of epistemology. It includes 'How do we acquire the concepts that we have?', 'How do we come by ideas we have?' The study wants to describe and analysis Rand's theory of concept formation. Rand's theory of concept formation is based on the axiomatic assumtions-existence, identity, and consciusness. Epistemologically, the concept formation is an abstraction; metaphysically it is an intergration. Definition involved in the process of concept formation. Defining of a concept use of any other concepts. When concepts are intergrated into a wider one, the new concept includes all the characteristics of its constituent units; and when a concept is subdivided into narrower ones, its distinguishing characteristic is taken as their "Conceptual Common Denominator". As a theory, Rand's concept theory is consistenly and cohenrently, built upon some basic assumptions. The weeakness of the theory is laid upon the asumptions as a whole, namely, the believe of truth as an absolute and unchangeable thing

  20. Storytelling for Ordinary, Practical Purposes (Walter Benjamin's "The Storyteller")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Íris Susana Pires; Doecke, Brenton

    2016-01-01

    This essay explores the role that storytelling can play in teachers' learning. Walter Benjamin's "The Storyteller" provides a theoretical framework that enables us to highlight the complexity of the professional learning of teachers when they share stories about their everyday lives. We develop our argument by presenting two instances of…

  1. Developing Literacy: Walter J. Ong and Basic Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Thomas J.

    1978-01-01

    Sketches the historical movement from orality to literacy that Walter J. Ong theorizes, applying it to basic writing instruction for open admissions students. Suggests that teachers first concentrate on narrative and rhetoric to develop writing about particularized details, saving sentence control exercises such as sentence combining for…

  2. Walter Ong, Technology, and the Transformation of Consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassett, Michael J.

    1996-01-01

    Agrees with Walter Ong that technology can serve as a transformer of consciousness and, hence, of writing. Shows how technology can work dialectically with consciousness or thought. Discusses two of the potential implications of this dialectical view of the technology/consciousness/writing relationship. (TB)

  3. Interdisciplinary Art Education Reconsidered.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulbricht, J.

    1998-01-01

    Highlights the different forms of interdisciplinary teaching methods (integrated, related-arts, and correlated education) in order to provide a historical perspective of interdisciplinary education to art educators. Provides eight guidelines for future interdisciplinary programs in art education. Intends to prepare art educators for the…

  4. Kõik algas kampaaniast "Tark naine poliitikas" / Mailis Rand ; interv. Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Mailis, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    Eesti uus haridusminister Mailis Rand vastab küsimustele Keskerakonda astumise, haridusministri ametikohale asumise, oma juhtimisalase koolituse, Eesti hariduselu kõige olulisemate probleemide kohta. Autor: Keskerakond

  5. Ayn Rand phenomenon in contemporary social and ethical problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Korobko

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to give a general outline of the phenomenon of well­known American writer and philosopher Ayn Rand in contemporary social and ethical space. Application to the research of life, literary and philosophical heritage of the writer makes it possible to assess its impact on the current situation in politics and philosophy. Review of Ayn Rand’s artistic positions confirms her role as a landmark figure, who represented at that time the actual socio­cultural request of active man in contemporary philosophy and politics, “putting down” in literary form complex of philosophical questions to the level of the ordinary man. Ayn Rand is the focus of the social practices in which she was formed, lived and worked. The ideas of almost all philosophical subjects are presented in her works in a simple way, but they are fundamentally different from conventional notions of ethics, politics and philosophy in general, even the ideas of philosophers, whom she honored, such as Aristotle. That’s why modern philosophers are interested in studying her works now. After all, still there has no comprehensive academic analysis of her philosophical and scientific works of art.

  6. Walter Thiel—Short life of a rocket scientist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiel, Karen; Przybilski, Olaf

    2013-10-01

    In 2012 we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the first successful rocket launch that reached a height of 84.5 km and had a speed of 4.824 km/h (5x sonic speed). This rocket flew 190 km to the target location. One of the masterminds of this launch was Walter Thiel, a German chemist and rocket engineer. Thiel was highly talented, during his education from primary school until diploma exams he always received a grade of A in his exams. He was called "the student with the 7 A grades". In 1934 Thiel became Dr.-Ing. (chem.), with the highest possible honor (summa cum laude), when he was only 24 years old. He started to work for the rocket development department at Humboldt University, Berlin. Walter Dornberger asked him to leave the university research department and become head of rocket propulsion development in his team in Kummersdorf, near Berlin. Thiel's groundbreaking ideas for the rocket engine would lead to a significant reduction in material, weight and work processes, as well as a shortening in the length of the engine itself. Thiel and his team also defined the fuel itself and the best ratio of mixture between ethanol and liquid oxygen for the engine. In 1940 the propulsion team moved from Kummersdorf to Peenemünde after the launch sites were completed there. Thiel became deputy of Wernher von Braun at the R&D units. One of Thiel's team members was Konrad Dannenberg, who later became famous in the development of the Saturn program. On the night from August 17 to August 18, 1943, Thiel and his family (wife and two children) were killed during a Royal Air Force bombing raid (Operation Hydra). The Moon crater "Thiel" on the far side of the Moon is named after Walter Thiel. The research results of Walter Thiel had a strong impact on the United States' rocket program as well as the Russian rocket development program.

  7. Guérande – Parc de Villejames

    OpenAIRE

    Devals, Christophe

    2013-01-01

    La fouille préventive réalisée en 2008 au lieu-dit « Villejames » à Guérande était initialement la continuité de deux opérations éponymes conduites en 1994 et 1995. Cette dernière avait été à l’origine de la découverte de nombreux vestiges gaulois et gallo-romains dont certains ont de nouveau été mis au jour cette année. Bien que d’orientation différente et structurellement sans rapport avec l’enclos carré du premier âge du Fer fouillé à l’époque, une partie d’un site hallstattien a pu être ...

  8. The Daughters of Fire: Walter Hugo Khouri's female gothic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Serravalle de Sá

    2012-11-01

    This article seeks to investigate the connections between WalterHugo Khouri’s film As Filhas do Fogo (1978 and the Gothicstressing matters of gender, race and nationality. More than asimple re-classification, this Gothic framework of study seeks todemonstrate that the representation of necromancy, mysteriousdeaths and female imprisonment in a tropical manor suggest issueslinked to Brazilian cultural identity and concerns. By associatingKhouri’s film to a form that is representative of popularentertainment this article seeks to establish a case in point ofhow the notion of Gothic can be a useful concept in the investigationof Brazilian film history.

  9. Exit strategy: video-interview to Walter Siti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Fusillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Sabato 7 Giugno 2014, sulla terrazza dell'Institut français di Palermo, nell'ambito del Sicilia Queer Film Fest 2014 e in collaborazione con la Summer School in "Differenze e identità plurali" dell'Università di Palermo, Massimo Fusillo ha intervistato Walter Siti a proposito dell'ultimo suo romanzo, Exit Strategy (Rizzoli, 2014, e di alcuni momenti chiave della sua poetica. Si ringrazia l'organizzazione, e in particolare Silvia Antosa, per aver curato e concesso la videoregistrazione qui riprodotta.

  10. Walter Benjamin: un melanconico allievo di Aby Warburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Bertozzi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin tried to get in touch with Panofsky and the Warburg’s circle, but the attempt failed. This article examines the chapter on melancholy of Benjamin’s The Origin of the German Tragic Drama (1928 and his main sources, i. e. Warburg’s essay Pagan-Antique Prophecy in Words and Images in the Age of Luther (1920 and Panofsky-Saxl’s work Dürers Melencolia I (1923. Benjamin interpreted the melancholy of the German Tragic Drama as a jump back to the deadly sin of sloth: he saw the saturnine melancholy under the sign of the medieval acedia.

  11. Walter Mignolo: una vida dedicada al proyecto decolonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Maldonado-Torres

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El filósofo puertorriqueño Nelson Maldonado-Torres conduce en estas páginas una conversación con el pensador y teórico Walter Mignolo, considerado uno de los padres de la llamada red modernidad/colonialidad. A lo largo de esta entrevista, el autor indaga por la trayectoria académica de Mignolo, sus experiencias vitales tanto en Argentina, Europa y los Estados Unidos, así como por sus vínculos con el proyecto modernidad/colonialidad.

  12. Correspondencia 1930-1940, de Gretel Adorno y Walter Benjamin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Cabezas

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Berlín, París, Eivissa, San Remo, Skovsbostrand, Londres, Nova York, entre altres ciutats, es van transformar en l’escenari on es va desenvolupar la frondosa Correspondencia entre Walter Benjamin -Detlef-  y Gretel Adorno –Felicitas-, i que ara gràcies a l’excel·lent traducció, pròleg, notes, confrontació de fonts i documents realitzada per Mariana Dimópulos, es mostra al públic hispanoparlant.

  13. Walter Lippmann’s Ethical Challenge to the Individual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Urbanski

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes in hermeneutic fashion random concepts of the individual from three of philosopher Walter Lippmann’s major works, Liberty and the News, Public Opinion, and The Phantom Public. The article addresses the following: By considering Lippmann’s multileveled representation of the individual, 21st-century media professionals can become empowered to avoid emotivism and strive toward a more narrative-based form of ethics. The article compares and contrasts Lippmann’s representation of the individual with John Dewey’s Great Community and Daniel Boorstin’s notion of the pseudo-event.

  14. Walter Mignolo: una vida dedicada al proyecto decolonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Maldonado-Torres

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available El filósofo puertorriqueño Nelson Maldonado-Torres conduce en estas páginas una conversación con el pensador y teórico Walter Mignolo, considerado uno de los padres de la llamada red modernidad/colonialidad. A lo largo de esta entrevista, el autor indaga por la trayectoria académica de Mignolo, sus experiencias vitales tanto en Argentina, Europa y los Estados Unidos, así como por sus vínculos con el proyecto modernidad/colonialidad.

  15. PROTAGONISM OF AMERICAN INDIANS IN WALTER LANTZ'S CARTOONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Duarte Oliveira Venancio

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Condemned to a dubious media representation in early cinema through the novels of the late nineteenth century, the North American Indians never had a high profile in films of this period. However, an animator, Walter Lantz, has a high degree of characterization of Native Americans in his work. The aim of this paper is to study the role of Native Americans in these cartoons and analyze the social implications of these choices, using the concepts of apparatus and formula. Furthermore, the analysis will include a portrayal of the American media scene before and after Lantz, seeking disruptions and legacies.

  16. RandAgiamo™, a Pilot Project Increasing Adoptability of Shelter Dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)

    OpenAIRE

    Menchetti, Laura; Mancini, Stefania; Catalani, Maria; Boccini, Beatrice; Diverio, Silvana

    2015-01-01

    Simple Summary In Italy, dog shelters are overcrowded because the rate of dog adoption is lower than that of abandonment. A project called “RandAgiamo” was implemented in a rescue shelter in central Italy. RandAgiamo provides training, socialization and advertising of adult shelter dogs. Official data of the Umbria regional health authorities from the year 2014 showed a higher rate of adoption in shelters involved in the project. RandAgiamo dogs had triple odds of being adopted compared to ot...

  17. "The casual cruelty of our prejudices": on Walter Lippmann's theory of stereotype and its "obliteration" in psychology and social science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottom, William P; Kong, Dejun Tony

    2012-01-01

    Reflecting on his wartime government service, Walter Lippmann (1922) developed a theory of policy formulation and error. Introducing the constructs of stereotype, mental model, blind spots, and the process of manufacturing consent, his theory prescribed interdisciplinary social science as a tool for enhancing policy making in business and government. Lippmann used his influence with the Rockefeller foundations, business leaders, Harvard and the University of Chicago to gain support for this program. Citation analysis of references to "stereotype" and Lippmann reveals the rapid spread of the concept across the social sciences and in public discourse paralleled by obliteration by incorporation of the wider theory in behavioral science. "Stereotype" is increasingly invoked in anthropology, economics, and sociology though Lippmann and his wider theory ceased being cited decades ago. In psychology, citations are increasing but content analysis revealed blind spots and misconceptions about the theory and prescription. Studies of heuristics, biases, and organizational decision substantiate Lippmann's theory of judgment and choice. But his model for social science failed to consider the bounded rationality and blind spots of its practitioners. Policy formulation today is supported by research from narrow disciplinary silos not interdisciplinary science that reflects an awareness of history. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. Walter Charleton (1620 - 1707 e sua Teoria Atômica The atomic theory of walter charleton (1620 - 1707

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Alves Porto

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available Several authors in the 17th century used the atomic hypothesis to explain observable phenomena. This paper analyzes some ideas about chemical transformation proposed by the English physician Walter Charleton. In Physiologia Epicuro-Gassendo-Charltoniana (London, 1654, Charleton examined philosophical aspects of the atomic theory, and suggested that the best explanation for all natural phenomena would be only in terms of atoms and their motions. Sometimes, however, he had to attribute to the atoms some kind of "internal virtue", to explain more complex properties of the matter. His idea of "element", and the little use of experimentation and quantification, also limited the range of Charleton's theory.

  19. Walter Benjamin, historia cultural y fotografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Zapata Villamil

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will see that Walter Benjamin's construction of a concept of history is not based only on thinkers like Marx, Freud or Nietzsche. For Benjamin, certain works of art were sources of great inspiration. Besides pointing out this wide range of sources, my interest is in highlighting Benjamin’sinterest in images as sources. Benjamin considers iconography, mass production of art and technical aspects of photographic reproduction.//A lo largo de este artículo veremos cómo Walter Benjamin no se basará únicamente en pensadores como Marx, Freud y Nietzsche para construir su concepción de la historia. Para él serán también fuentes de inspiración fundamental algunas obras artísticas. Además de destacar esta amplia gama de fuentes mi interés es resaltar su acercamiento a estas últimas, principalmente con relación a las imágenes. Para referirse a ellas Benjamin considerará: La interpretación de lo iconográfico, la consideración del arte de masas y el estudio de la técnica reproductiva.

  20. Insects: An Interdisciplinary Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leger, Heather

    2007-01-01

    The author talks about an interdisciplinary unit on insects, and presents activities that can help students practice communication skills (interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational) and learn about insects with hands-on activities.

  1. Department of Zoology, Rand AfrikQlJ1lS University, Johannesburg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ) FROM A LOCALITY IN THE TRANSVAAL, SOUTH AFRICA. F. LE R. FOURIE & J. HATTINGH·. Department of Zoology, Rand AfrikQlJ1lS University, Johannesburg. ABSTRACT. Various haematological parameters of carp blood were ...

  2. Heat transfer in MHD flow of dusty viscoelastic (Walters' liquid model ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Walter's liquid model-B; stratified fluid; porous medium; variable viscosity. PACS Nos 47; 47.10.A−; 47.10.ad; 47.10.−g. 1. Introduction. There are many viscoelastic fluids that cannot be characterized by Maxwell's or Oldroyd's constitutive relations. One such fluid is Walters' (model B) viscoelastic fluid which is ...

  3. "Un paysage hanté, intense comme l'opium". Ville et notion de paysage selon Siegfried Kracauer et Walter Benjamin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2001-01-01

    bykultur, filosofi, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Berlin, Paris, landskab, begrebet bylandskab......bykultur, filosofi, Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Berlin, Paris, landskab, begrebet bylandskab...

  4. Developing criteria for Cesarean Section using the RAND appropriateness method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashidi Batool

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cesarean section rates are increasing worldwide, and a rapid increase has been observed in Iran. Disagreement exists between clinicians about when to use cesarean section. We aimed to identify the appropriateness criteria for the use of cesarean section in Iran. Method A consensus development study using a modified version of the RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM. We generated scenarios from valid clinical guidelines and expert opinions. A panel of experts participated in consensus development: first round via mail (12 members, second round face-to-face (9 members. We followed the RAM recommendations for the development of the scenario lists, rating scales, and statistical analyses. Results 294 scenarios relevant to cesarean section were identified. 191 scenarios were considered appropriate, of which 125 scenarios were agreed upon. The panel found cesarean inappropriate for 21% of scenarios, and 'equivocal' for 14% of scenarios. Conclusion RAM is useful for identifying stakeholder views in settings with limited resources. The participants' views on appropriateness of certain indications differed with available evidence. A large number of scenarios without agreement may partly explain why it has been difficult to curb the growth in cesarean section rate.

  5. Remapping the Constellation of Walter Benjamin’s Allegorical Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wong Jack

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The now-longstanding academic revival of allegory, as well as its import as a perennial buzzword of contemporary art criticism, owes much to a group of essays published in the journal October in the early 1980s. Authors Craig Owens and Benjamin Buchloh, in turn, drew a bloodline to the ideas of allegory that occupied Walter Benjamin throughout his literary career. However, whereas Benjamin saw allegory as the expression of a radical, indeed messianic, view of political possibility, the October writers found in allegory a counter-paradigm against Modernism that would resist the latter's totalizing tendencies by pursing its own deconstructive fate of “lack of transcendence.” In the following essay, I trace the source of this discrepancy to the crucial theological underpinnings of Benjamin's concept of allegory, without which the allegorical forms - appropriation and montage - produce not miraculous flashes of unmediated recognition but the permanent impossibility of communication.

  6. Interdisciplinary Work in Schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tofteng, Ditte Maria Børglum; Rasmussen, Gitte Lyng

    the interdisciplinary cooperation in the local practice. What the systemic logic brings into the interdisciplinary cooperation is not just an organizational framework and support, but also a specific vocabulary and a specific task or way of thinking, which in some ways overrules the individual professionals’ own...... the professional knowledge and tasks. Our project shows that the professionals coming from outside the local school often disturb this fine local balancing of professional orientations and coupling of skills. Both because it can be a very slow process of getting in touch with and bringing in these professionals...

  7. The Interdisciplinary Cornucopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbaratta, Philip A.

    At North Shore Community College (NSCC), students in career programs comprise 70% of the student population. To counter the vocational-school effect of programs heavily emphasizing career training, interdisciplinary, team-taught courses were initiated. However, the time required in planning, scheduling, and grading along with other problems…

  8. A Mathematician's Viewpoint to Bell's theorem: In Memory of Walter Philipp

    OpenAIRE

    Khrennikov, Andrei

    2006-01-01

    In this paper dedicated to the memory of Walter Philipp, we formalize the rules of classical$\\to$ quantum correspondence and perform a rigorous mathematical analysis of the assumptions in Bell's NO-GO arguments.

  9. AFSC/ABL: Little Port Walter Marine Research Station Supply Run Oceanographic Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In November, 2006, Oceanographic observations were initiated during the resupply cruises to the Little Port Walter Research Station on lower Baranof Island,...

  10. Täiustatud tõde ehk Walter Andersoni rahvajuttude enesekontrolli seadus / Elo-Hanna Seljamaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seljamaa, Elo-Hanna, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Geograafilis-ajaloolise meetodi lähtealuste ja eesmärkide toel analüüsitakse Walter Andersoni, Tartu Ülikooli esimese folkloristikaprofessori käsitlusi folkloorist ja folkloori uurimisest ning tema tegevust meetodi edasiarendajana

  11. Auf den Spuren des verschollenen Polarforschers Baron Eduard Toll und seines Freundes Hermann Walter auf der Kotelny-Insel / Erki Tammiksaar, Roland Walter, Hans-Otto von Walter... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisakslaste koostööst kuulsa vene polaaruurija Dmitri Šparoga seoses baltisaksa polaaruurija Hermann Walteri säilmete ringimatmisega Kotelnõi saarel. Hermann Walter osales Eduard von Tolli Sannikovi maa otsimise ekspeditsioonis. Hermann Walteri põhjalik iseloomustus

  12. Thermal instability of Walters B' viscoelastic fluid permeated with suspended particles in hydromagnetics in porous medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Pardeep

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of suspended particles on the thermal instability of Walters B' viscoelastic fluid in hydromantic in porous medium is considered. For stationary convection, Walters B' viscoelastic fluid behaves like a Newtonian fluid. The medium permeability and suspended particles has ten the onset of convection whereas the magnetic field postpones the onset of convection, for the case of stationary convection. The magnetic field and viscoelasticity intro duce oscillatory modes in the system which was non-existent in their absence.

  13. RandAgiamo™, a Pilot Project Increasing Adoptability of Shelter Dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menchetti, Laura; Mancini, Stefania; Catalani, Maria Chiara; Boccini, Beatrice; Diverio, Silvana

    2015-01-01

    Simple Summary In Italy, dog shelters are overcrowded because the rate of dog adoption is lower than that of abandonment. A project called “RandAgiamo” was implemented in a rescue shelter in central Italy. RandAgiamo provides training, socialization and advertising of adult shelter dogs. Official data of the Umbria regional health authorities from the year 2014 showed a higher rate of adoption in shelters involved in the project. RandAgiamo dogs had triple odds of being adopted compared to others housed in shelters of the same province. The increase in adoption rate can be beneficial for both dog welfare and shelter management. Abstract Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this “no-kill policy” has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates. Shelter overcrowding has negative implications for dog welfare and increases public costs. The aim of this paper is to describe the pilot project “RandAgiamo” implemented in a rescue shelter in the Umbria Region and to evaluate its effectiveness on the rate of dog adoption using official data. RandAgiamo aimed to increase adult shelter dogs’ adoptability by a standard training and socialization programme. It also promoted dogs’ visibility by publicizing them through social media and participation in events. We analysed the official data of the Umbria regional health authorities regarding dog shelters of the Perugia province of the year 2014. In the RandAgiamo shelter, the dog adoption rate was 27.5% higher than that of dogs housed in other shelters located in the same geographical area (p dogs’ welfare, owner satisfaction, shelter management, and public perception of shelter dogs. However, staff were required to provide dog training and related activities. PMID:26479385

  14. New functions and applications of walter, the sweating fabric manikin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Jintu; Qian, Xiaoming

    2004-09-01

    In this paper, latest developments on Walter, a sweating fabric manikin, are reported. These include the improved simulation of "walking motion", the design and construction of an automated water supply, and real-time measurement of evaporative water loss and regulation of "skin" temperature through the regulation of the pumps inside the manikin body. Testing of commercial garment ensembles showed that the measurement of thermal insulation and moisture-vapour resistance of clothing is very reproducible with the coefficient of variation being generally less than 5%. It was also shown that, in addition to the thermal insulation and moisture-vapour resistance, the percentage of moisture accumulation within clothing is a very useful parameter of clothing comfort. The improved manikin has been used to investigate the effects of walking motion on thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of clothing. The trend of the effects of walking speed up to 1.13 m s(-1) for the nude manikin and when it was wearing garments of different sizes are reported.

  15. Alexander Forbes, Walter Cannon, and science-based literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garson, Justin

    2013-01-01

    The Harvard physiologists Alexander Forbes (1882-1965) and Walter Bradford Cannon (1871-1945) had an enormous impact on the physiology and neuroscience of the twentieth century. In addition to their voluminous scientific output, they also used literature to reflect on the nature of science itself and its social significance. Forbes wrote a novel, The Radio Gunner, a literary memoir, Quest for a Northern Air Route, and several short stories. Cannon, in addition to several books of popular science, wrote a literary memoir in the last year of his life, The Way of an Investigator. The following will provide a brief overview of the life and work of Forbes and Cannon. It will then discuss the way that Forbes used literature to express his views about the changing role of communications technology in the military, and his evolving view of the nervous system itself as a kind of information-processing device. It will go on to discuss the way that Cannon used literature to articulate the horrors he witnessed on the battlefield, as well as to contribute to the philosophy of science, and in particular, to the logic of scientific discovery. Finally, it will consider the historical and philosophical value of deeper investigation of the literary productions of scientists. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Il desiderio Kitsch: i troppi paradisi di Walter Siti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ornella Tajani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Kitsch is the system where people live their lives as a commercial and their identity as an eternal performance. What happens there to desire? If in this utopia the man is supposed to live easily and pleasingly, how can he bear something out-of-hand such as desire? After a theoretical introduction on Kitsch, the paper will answer these questions basing on three Walter Siti’s works: the novels Troppi paradisi and Autopsia dell’ossessione and the narrative reportage Il canto del diavolo. Here the reader finds three paradigms of Kitsch experience: tourism, television, and a certain kind of prostitution. By investigating them, the paper will show how the desire changes its shape when it has to face the Kitschmensch’s tendency to disguise himself «dans le miroir du mensonge embellissant et de s’y reconnaître avec une satisfaction émue», as Kundera says. The marvellous and most sustainable lightness of being is then the Kitsch utopia cipher; it cannot consider the presence of desire but when it is feasible: the Kitsch desire, the ersatz of desire, is given for free with the product fulfilling it.

  17. Gerard Manley Hopkins and Walter Pater : the labyrinths of transience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Starčević

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Transience forming life's very essence left an indelible mark on the creative explorations of Gerard Manley Hopkins and Walter Pater. The permanently indeterminable presence of mutability made both of them face the umbrous and unknowable aspect of death, thus revealing unto them the task of determining the role of art in life ruled by ceaseless corrosion. Pater accepts the flux of mutability as the primary particle in the revelatory act of the authentic creative experience. The power of that which is frolicsome in art augments the constitution of life's essence submerged in the unsettled condition of fate. Hopkins the priest particularly in his theoretic excursions recognizes in art itself only an approximate value to the timeless grandeur of God's ubiquity. His poetry, however, presents a dissimilar narrative. The poetic image that Hopkins forges corresponds to the mode of exposed individuality of the Romantic spirit, which Pater perceives as the harmony of strangeness and beauty. During Hopkins' student days at Oxford, Pater's relationship to the young poet was not confined to coaching only. Much of their time they spent in conversation, meditating upon the essential principles of artistic expression. Pater influenced Hopkins greatly and contributed impressively to the discipline of his poetic heart. Traces of this companionship do not find the path to Hopkins' religious ruminations; they announce their own existence, although very subtly, upon the individual levels of Hopkins' poetic yearnings.

  18. «Romantic realism» by Ayn Rand as an aesthetic concept

    OpenAIRE

    Патлайчук, О. В.

    2017-01-01

    A study of the main provisions of the aesthetic concept of "romantic realism" developed by American writer and philosopher Ayn Rand was held. In contrast with the dominant definition of romanticism from nineteenth century to the present, as an aesthetic school founded on the supremacy of feelings, not of reason, according to Ayn Rand, the main characteristics of romanticism are the approval of the human capacity for volitional act. Since volition is the result of mental abilities, then no opp...

  19. It's not all about acid mine drainage (AMD) on the West Rand - there is dust too

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available to be addressed. mining on the West Rand The West Rand has several mine dumps which are the remnants from the gold mining in the area. The dumps are mainly made up of crushed rocks; the reason is that the gold processes extraction was not advanced in those... and abandoned mine dumps. Furthermore, in this area there is very little monitoring of the toxins associated with mine dust, including airborne particles, metals and radionuclide. To date, no major study that the CSIR team is aware of has been done...

  20. Psychometric qualities of the RAND 36-item health survey 1.0 : A multidimensional measure of general health status

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, KI; Sanderman, R; Heyink, JW; deHaes, H; VanderZee, K.; de Haes, H.

    1996-01-01

    The reliability and validity of the RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0 were investigated in a population sample of 1,063 inhabitants of a Dutch township, all age 17 or older. Confirmatory factor analysis only partly supported the internal structure of the RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0. The internal

  1. The Rand Strategy Assessment System’s Green Agent Model of Third-Country Behavior in Superpower Crises and Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    programmed in different languages. For ’The definitive reference on Rand-Abel is Norman Z. Shapiro et al., The Rand-Abel Programming Language: History ...the Actor be Indirectly-serious. Log Log-file "Indirectly-serious threat as Red active in SWAsiaI If thu USSR- buLder -niobilization-statiis of the FRG

  2. Taking Charge: Walter Sydney Adams and the Mount Wilson Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brashear, R.

    2004-12-01

    The growing preeminence of American observational astronomy in the first half of the 20th century is a well-known story and much credit is given to George Ellery Hale and his skill as an observatory-building entrepreneur. But a key figure who has yet to be discussed in great detail is Walter Sydney Adams (1876-1956), Hale's Assistant Director at Mount Wilson Observatory. Due to Hale's illnesses, Adams was Acting Director for much of Hale's tenure, and he became the second Director of Mount Wilson from 1923 to 1946. Behind his New England reserve Adams was instrumental in the growth of Mount Wilson and thus American astronomy in general. Adams was hand-picked by Hale to take charge of stellar spectroscopy work at Yerkes and Mount Wilson and the younger astronomer showed tremendous loyalty to Hale and Hale's vision throughout his career. As Adams assumed the leadership role at Mount Wilson he concentrated on making the observatory a place where researchers worked with great freedom but maintain a high level of cooperation. This paper will concentrate on Adams's early years and look at his growing relationship with Hale and how he came to be the central figure in the early history of Mount Wilson as both a solar and stellar observatory. His education, his years at Dartmouth and Yerkes (including his unfortunate encounter with epsilon Leonis), and his formative years on Mount Wilson are all important in learning how he shaped the direction of Mount Wilson and the development of American astronomy in the first half of the 20th century. This latter history cannot be complete until we bring Adams into better focus.

  3. RandAgiamo™, a Pilot Project Increasing Adoptability of Shelter Dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Menchetti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this ‘no-kill policy’ has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates. Shelter overcrowding has negative implications for dog welfare and increases public costs. The aim of this paper is to describe the pilot project “RandAgiamo” implemented in a rescue shelter in the Umbria Region and to evaluate its effectiveness on the rate of dog adoption using official data. RandAgiamo aimed to increase adult shelter dogs’ adoptability by a standard training and socialization programme. It also promoted dogs’ visibility by publicizing them through social media and participation in events. We analysed the official data of the Umbria regional health authorities regarding dog shelters of the Perugia province of the year 2014. In the RandAgiamo shelter, the dog adoption rate was 27.5% higher than that of dogs housed in other shelters located in the same geographical area (P < 0.001. The RandAgiamo project could be beneficial for the dogs’ welfare, owner satisfaction, shelter management, and public perception of shelter dogs. However, staff were required to provide dog training and related activities.

  4. Summary of Reviewers Comments [of the Rand Corporations Design for a Longitudinal Study of School Desegregation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crain, Robert L.

    Four groups of people were requested to review the Rand Corporation's design for a longitudinal study of school desegregation. When the study design documents were sent to the reviewers, an evaluation questionnaire was attached. The reviewers were asked to add any needed clarifying comments in the spaces provided after each question, and to write…

  5. Ayn Rand: To be Selfish or Not to be Selfish--That is the Question

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doctor, Tyrus L.; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2009-01-01

    Ayn Rand's "The Virtue of Selfishness" (1961) is comprised of a philosophy that defies the entire premise of what our education system is and shall be built upon. The "Objectivist" perspective has depicted a clear distinction between the "Have's" and the "Have Not's" or the Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. The "Objectivist" perspective believes that…

  6. Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act. RAND Quarterly Report, October 2008. TR-621-LACPD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fain, Terry; Turner, Susan; Ridgeway, Greg

    2008-01-01

    In July 2008, RAND Corporation staff conducted Correctional Program Checklist (CPC) assessments of five home-based programs (Asian Youth Center, Communities in Schools, Inter-Agency Drug Abuse Recovery Programs, Soledad Enrichment Action, and Stars Behavioral Health Group) as part of its ongoing evaluation of Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act…

  7. LIVING ON THE EDGE: TIMING OF RAND FLORA DISJUNCTIONS CONGRUENT WITH ONGOING ARIDIFICATION IN AFRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa ePokorny

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The Rand Flora is a well-known floristic pattern in which unrelated plant lineages show similar disjunct distributions in the continental margins of Africa and adjacent islands —Macaronesia-northwest Africa, Horn of Africa-Southern Arabia, Eastern Africa, and Southern Africa. These lineages are now separated by environmental barriers such as the arid regions of the Sahara and Kalahari Deserts or the tropical lowlands of Central Africa. Alternative explanations for the Rand Flora pattern range from vicariance and climate-driven extinction of a widespread pan-African flora to independent dispersal events and speciation in situ. To provide a temporal framework for this pattern, we used published data from nuclear and chloroplast DNA to estimate the age of disjunction of 17 lineages that span 12 families and 9 orders of angiosperms. We further used these estimates to infer diversification rates for Rand Flora disjunct clades in relation to their higher-level encompassing lineages. Our results indicate that most disjunctions fall within the Miocene and Pliocene periods, coinciding with the onset of a major aridification trend, still ongoing, in Africa. Age of disjunctions seemed to be related to the climatic affinities of each Rand Flora lineage, with subtropical taxa dated earlier (e.g., Sideroxylon and those with more xeric affinities (e.g., Campylanthus diverging later. We did not find support for significant decreases in diversification rates in most groups, with the exception of older subtropical lineages (e.g., Sideroxylon, Hypericum, or Canarina, but some lineages (e.g., Cicer, Campylanthus showed a long temporal gap between stem and crown ages, suggestive of extinction. In all, the Rand Flora pattern seems to fit the definition of biogeographic pseudocongruence, with the pattern arising at different times in response to the increasing aridity of the African continent, with interspersed periods of humidity allowing range expansions.

  8. Nonextensive entropy interdisciplinary applications

    CERN Document Server

    Tsallis, Constantino

    2004-01-01

    A great variety of complex phenomena in many scientific fields exhibit power-law behavior, reflecting a hierarchical or fractal structure. Many of these phenomena seem to be susceptible to description using approaches drawn from thermodynamics or statistical mechanics, particularly approaches involving the maximization of entropy and of Boltzmann-Gibbs statistical mechanics and standard laws in a natural way. The book addresses the interdisciplinary applications of these ideas, and also on various phenomena that could possibly be quantitatively describable in terms of these ideas.

  9. Epistemic dependence in interdisciplinary groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Hanne; Wagenknecht, Susann

    2013-01-01

    In interdisciplinary research scientists have to share and integrate knowledge between people and across disciplinary boundaries. An important issue for philosophy of science is to understand how scientists who work in these kinds of environments exchange knowledge and develop new concepts and th...... they engage in when participating in interdisciplinary research in a group, and we compare our findings with those of other studies in interdisciplinary research.......In interdisciplinary research scientists have to share and integrate knowledge between people and across disciplinary boundaries. An important issue for philosophy of science is to understand how scientists who work in these kinds of environments exchange knowledge and develop new concepts...

  10. Walter Benjamin's concept of aura and the cultural industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bráulio Santos Rabelo de Araújo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma análise do texto A obra de arte na era da reprodutibilidade técnica, de 1935, de Walter Benjamin, no qual o autor analisa as alterações provocadas pelas novas técnicas de produção artística na esfera da cultura, e desenvolve, como elemento principal, a tese de a reprodutibilidade técnica provocar a superação da aura pela obra de arte. Tendo como apoio o contraste do texto de Benjamin com o texto A indústria cultural: O esclarecimento como mistificação das massas, de Theodor Adorno e Max Horkheimer, de 1947, e a observação da produção do cinema, da música e do livro (artes necessariamente reprodutíveis, este artigo (a analisa a tese da superação do conceito de aura pela obra de arte na era da reprodutibilidade técnica, (b contrasta essa tese com a reflexão sobre indústria cultural de Adorno e Horkheimer e com as características da obra de arte produzida no decorrer do século 20 e início do século 21, e (c apresenta as contribuições que podem ser retiradas dessa análise para a atual reflexão a respeito dos impactos da Internet e das tecnologias digitais sobre a produção cultural contemporânea. Como resultado principal e do qual decorre outras conclusões, o artigo considera que as técnicas analisadas por Benjamin, apesar de terem tornado a obra de arte independente de um substrato único, não a emanciparam de seu caráter aurático. Os elementos centrais da aura (autenticidade e unicidade não foram superados, mas, ao contrário, adaptaram-se às mudanças técnicas, adaptação essa que ocorreu em torno da industrialização, a qual marcou a produção cultural no século 20.

  11. Radiative Walter's memory flow along a vertical cone in induced magnetic field with thermophoretic effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Md. Manjiul; Haque, Md. Mohidul

    2017-06-01

    A radiative heat and mass transfer study of Walter's memory flow along a vertical cone with thermophoresis is completed in the presence of induced magnetic field. A mathematical model of Walter's memory flow is developed from the basis of studying Magnetohydrodynamics(MHD). Some dimensionless quantities have been used to transform the model to non-dimensional system of equations. The dimensionless unsteady, coupled and non-linear partial differential conservation equations for the boundary layer regime are solved by an efficient, accurate and unconditionally stable finite difference scheme of the Crank-Nicolson type. The features of the flow, heat and mass transfer characteristics within the boundary layer are analyzed by plotting graphs and the physical aspects are discussed in detail. The obtained results show that the impact of flow variables plays an important role in the Walter's memory flow. Last of all, some important findings of the present problem are concluded in this work.

  12. Interdisciplinary Introductory Course in Bioinformatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortsarts, Yana; Morris, Robert W.; Utell, Janine M.

    2010-01-01

    Bioinformatics is a relatively new interdisciplinary field that integrates computer science, mathematics, biology, and information technology to manage, analyze, and understand biological, biochemical and biophysical information. We present our experience in teaching an interdisciplinary course, Introduction to Bioinformatics, which was developed…

  13. Interdisciplinary approaches in career studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khapova, S.N.; Arthur, M.B.

    2011-01-01

    This is the opening article in a Human Relations special issue on 'Interdisciplinary approaches to contemporary career studies'. After introducing a story of an 'exceptional - but real' career, we argue for an urgent shift toward greater interdisciplinary inquiry. We reflect on the story to describe

  14. Interdisciplinary aspects of turbulence

    CERN Document Server

    Kupka, Friedrich

    2008-01-01

    What do combustion engines, fusion reactors, weather forecast, ocean flows, our sun, and stellar explosions in outer space have in common? Of course, the physics and the length and time scales are vastly different in all cases, but it is also well known that in all of them, on some relevant length scales, the material flows that govern the dynamical and/or secular evolution of the systems are chaotic and often unpredictable: they are said to be turbulent. The interdisciplinary aspects of turbulence are brought together in this volume containing chapters written by experts from very different fields, including geophysics, astrophysics, and engineering. It covers several subjects on which considerable progress was made during the last decades, from questions concerning the very nature of turbulence to some practical applications. These subjects include: a basic introduction into turbulence, statistical mechanics and nonlinear dynamics, turbulent convection in stars, atmospheric turbulence in the context of nume...

  15. Interdisciplinary Astronomy Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerantzis, Nikolaos; Mitrouda, Aikaterini; Reizopoulou, Ioanna; Sidiropoulou, Eirini; Hatzidimitriou, Antonios

    2016-04-01

    On November 9th, 2015, three didactical hours were dedicated to Interdisciplinary Astronomy Activities (http://wp.me/p6Hte2-1I). Our students and their teachers formed three groups and in rotation, were engaged with the following activities: (a) viewing unique images of the Cosmos in the mobile planetarium STARLAB (http://www.planitario.gr/tholos-starlab-classic-standard.html), (b) watching the following videos: Journey to the end of the universe (https://youtu.be/Ufl_Nwbl8xs), Rosetta update (https://youtu.be/nQ9ivd7wv30), The Solar System (https://youtu.be/d66dsagrTa0), Ambition the film (https://youtu.be/H08tGjXNHO4) in the school's library. Students and teachers were informed about our solar system, the Rosetta mission, the universe, etc. and (c) tactile activities such as Meet our home and Meet our neighbors (http://astroedu.iau.org, http://nuclio.org/astroneighbours/resources) and the creation of planets' 3D models (Geology-Geography A' Class Student's book, pg.15). With the activities above we had the pleasure to join the Cosmic Light Edu Kit / International Year of Light 2015 program. After our Interdisciplinary Astronomy Activities, we did a "small" research: our students had to fill an evaluation about their educational gains and the results can be found here http://wp.me/p6Hte2-2q. Moreover, we discussed about Big Ideas of Science (http://wp.me/p3oRiZ-dm) and through the "big" impact of the Rosetta mission & the infinity of our universe, we print posters with relevant topics and place them to the classrooms. We thank Rosa Doran (Nuclio - President of the Executive Council) for her continuous assistance and support on innovative science teaching proposals. She is an inspiration.

  16. Un'archeologia del virtuale: sull'ultimo romanzo di Walter Siti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damiano Sinfonico

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Recensiamo Siti, Walter. Resistere non serve a niente. Milano: Rizzoli, 2012. Stampa La recensione esamina l'ultimo romanzo di Walter Siti con attenzione particolare al rapporto obliquo e scivoloso che si viene a instaurare tra segno e referente, il primo diventato autonomo e il secondo variabile. La natura virtuale della finanza si riflette e condiziona identità, corpi, relazioni geografiche, modelli etici, connettendo i vari campi tramite una stessa archeologia che ne forgia gli spazi. Michel Foucault e Merleau-Ponty fanno da guida in questa lettura.

  17. Verbeelding en hoop by Walter Brueggemann en die terapeutiese benutting daarvan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.C. van Zyl

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Walter Brueggemann on imagination and hope applied to therapeutic practiceImagination and hope are two key concepts in the theology of Walter Brueggemann, an Old Testament scholar. Prophetic texts from the Old Testament, analysed by Brueggemann, are discussed in this article. The principles derived from the texts – focussing primarily on imagination and hope – are applied to the therapeutic practice under the headings (1general principles concerning the narrative therapy, (2language and metaphors and (3suffering and grief.

  18. Extension of modified RAND to multiphase flash specifications based on state functions other than (T,P)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paterson, Duncan; Michelsen, Michael Locht; Yan, Wei

    2017-01-01

    The recently proposed modified RAND formulation is extended from isothermal multiphase flash to several other state function based flash specifications. The obtained general formulation is applicable to chemical equilibrium although this study is focused on flash with only phase equilibrium...

  19. South Africa and United States stock prices and the Rand/Dollar exchange rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Ocran

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to examine the dynamic causal relations between the two major financial assets, stock prices of the US and South Africa and the rand/US$ exchange rate. The study uses a mixed bag of time series approaches such as cointegration, Granger causality, impulse response functions and forecasting error variance decompositions.  The paper identifies a bi-directional causality from the Standard & Poor’s 500 stock price index to the rand/US$ exchange rate in the Granger sense. It was also found that the Standard & Poor’s stock price index accounts for a significant portion of the variations in the Johannesburg Stock Exchange’s All Share index. Thus, while causality in the Granger sense could not be established for the relationship between the price indices of the two stock exchanges it can argued that there is some relationship between them. The results of the study have implications for both business and Government.

  20. Walter Benjamin'de Tipler, İmge ve Deneyim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin Ümer

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Modernite, deneyimin tehlikeye girmesidir. Bu tehlike deneyimin otantik benliği besleyen bilme, eyleme ve tat alma yetilerinin başkalaşmasıdır. Bu başkalık toplumsal biraradalığın kalmaması, doğa ile birey arasındaki mesafenin artması, deneyimin araçsallaşması gibi bir dizi semptomla anlaşılabilir. Walter Benjamin bu perspektifi güçlü bir şekilde kurmuş ve modernliğin sonuçları ve onların nasıl aşılması gerektiği konusunda düşünmüş isimlerdendir. Bu çalışma günümüzde Benjamin’in önerilerini düşünmeyi amaçlamıştır. Benjamin’in yaşamının izinde düşüncesinin önemli figürlerini (çocuk, koleksiyoncu, hikâye anlatıcısı, flaneur, üretici olarak yazar ele alan çalışma devam eden kısımlarda fotoğraf ve sinema deneyimine yer vermektedir. Temel sorun insanın kendi varoluşunun tehlikeye girdiği bir rüyayı yaşamasıdır. Buna karşılık imgeler yabancılaştırıcı teknikler kullanılarak bu rüyayı dönüştürme gücünü elinde tutmaktadır. Benjamin bu düşünceyi savunmuş ve son dönem eserlerinde sanat yapıtının teknolojiyle olan dönüşümünü konu edilmiştir. İmgenin deneyimde açtığı genişleme ve imkânlar üzerine Benjamin’in olumlu bakış açısı günümüzde kimi sanat stratejilerinde güncelliğini korumaktadır. Ancak Benjamin’in arzuladığı dönüştürücü güçlerden de yoksundurlar. Bunun nedeninin ‘çocukluğun kaybedilmesi’, çocukluğun deneyimden elini ayağını çekmesi olduğu bu çalışmada iddia edilmektedir. İdeolojilerin sonu (iddiasından sonra kültürün çocukluğu düzenlemeye devam etmesi, deneyimin enformasyona dönüşmesi Benjaminci devrim düşüncesinden uzakta olduğumuzu göstermektedir.

  1. Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Veterans’ Transitions: Results of a Decade of RAND Work on Veteran Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    health professionals; developing creative strategies to restrict access to lethal means for those who appear to be a suicide risk; and providing...C O R P O R A T I O N Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Veterans’ Transitions Results of a Decade of RAND Work on Veteran Life Christopher Guo...research on many facets of veteran life into a set of ten questions and answers gleaned from this work. Overview In this report, a decade of RAND

  2. Deterrence from Cold War to Long War: Lessons from Six Decades of RAND Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    missile warfare, a snap judgment to launch was made, even though the warning was in error. RAND analysts were not unconcerned with the first-strike...nuclear weapons could be constructed that would deliver large amounts of prompt radiation in the form of high-energy neutrons (see Cohen, 1960). These...The weapons that Cohen envisioned would become known as enhanced radiation weapons or, more infamously, neutron bombs. They were widely decried by

  3. Hariduses antud lubadused siiani täitmata? / Tõnis Lukas, Mailis Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2003-01-01

    Tõnis Lukase väitel pidi juba eelmise aasta 5. maiks olema kehtestatud avalik-õiguslikele ülikoolidele ja kutsekõrgkoolidele riikliku tellimuse garanteeritud alampiir, samuti vastu võetud õppetoetuste seadus, kuid pole seda ega teist. Mailis Rand väidab, et hariduses ei saa taotleda kiireid, ühe aastaga tehtavaid revolutsioonilisi muudatusi. Esitab kolm põhimõttelist probleemi, mida eelmine haridusminister Tõnis Lukas lahendada ei suutnud

  4. RandAgiamo™, a Pilot Project Increasing Adoptability of Shelter Dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menchetti, Laura; Mancini, Stefania; Catalani, Maria Chiara; Boccini, Beatrice; Diverio, Silvana

    2015-08-14

    Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this 'no-kill policy' has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates. Shelter overcrowding has negative implications for dog welfare and increases public costs. The aim of this paper is to describe the pilot project "RandAgiamo" implemented in a rescue shelter in the Umbria Region and to evaluate its effectiveness on the rate of dog adoption using official data. RandAgiamo aimed to increase adult shelter dogs' adoptability by a standard training and socialization programme. It also promoted dogs' visibility by publicizing them through social media and participation in events. We analysed the official data of the Umbria regional health authorities regarding dog shelters of the Perugia province of the year 2014. In the RandAgiamo shelter, the dog adoption rate was 27.5% higher than that of dogs housed in other shelters located in the same geographical area (P dogs' welfare, owner satisfaction, shelter management, and public perception of shelter dogs. However, staff were required to provide dog training and related activities.

  5. Lieutenant General Walter C. Short - Was He the Army’s Scapegoat for a Disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-30

    leadership relieved Lieutenant General Walter C. Short of his duties an Commander of the Hawaiian Department less than two weeks after the attack...Colonel Kendall J. Fielder , "I don’t think Short ever expected that the U.S. Government and the U.S. Army would turn on him the way they did." 8 After

  6. 77 FR 59899 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Coastal Zone Management Act Walter B. Jones and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... and Ethnic Diversity (in honor of Secretary Ronald Brown), Excellence in Business Leadership, and the... Zone Management Act Walter B. Jones and NOAA Excellence Awards AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric... of the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) authorized an awards program to ``implement a program to...

  7. Meeting Opposites: The Political Theologies of Walter Benjamin and Carl Schmitt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Wilde, M.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes the critical dialogue between Walter Benjamin and Carl Schmitt, to which a letter and several references in their work testify. It shows how affinities and differences between their respective positions can be explained from a shared theologico-political approach. Both authors

  8. Book review: Decolonisation and border thinking: Walter D. Mignolo, disobeying modern reason

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Quero

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mignolo, Walter D. Habitar la frontera: Sentir y pensar la descolonialidad (Antología, 1999-2014. Carballo, Francisco y Herrera Robles, Luis Alfonso (prólogo y selección. CIDOB, 2015 505 págs.

  9. Hum Kohn Hai: The Inspiring Story of Walter Kohn, The Nice Guy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 22; Issue 8. Hum Kohn Hai: The Inspiring Story of Walter Kohn, The Nice Guy Who Won a Nobel. Shobhana Narasimhan. Article-in-a-Box Volume 22 Issue 8 August 2017 pp 725-729 ...

  10. IMPOSSIBLE MODERNISM: T.S. ELIOT, WALTER BENJAMIN, AND THE CRITIQUE OF HISTORICAL REASON (2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Willever Jacobson

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Robert S. Lehman, dalam bukunya Impossible Modernism: T.S. Eliot, Walter Benjamin, and the Critique of Historical Reason (2016, memosisikan dirinya sebagai sarjana 'modernis tradisional'. Lehman menyatakan bahwa bukunya mengemukakan "suatu interpretasi atas modernisme Eropa". Namun, Lehman menemukan potensi dalam pemikiran Eliot dan Benjan untuk suatu kritik atas apa yang dia anggap sebagai "titik buta" kajian modernis baru, yakni, historisismenya.

  11. Stagnation-point flow of the Walters' B' fluid with slip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Labropulu

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The steady two-dimensional stagnation point flow of a non-Newtonian Walters' B' fluid with slip is studied. The fluid impinges on the wall either orthogonally or obliquely. A finite difference technique is employed to obtain solutions.

  12. Heat transfer in MHD flow of dusty viscoelastic (Walters' liquid model ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Heat transfer in MHD flow of dusty viscoelastic (Walters' liquid model-B) stratified fluid in porous medium under variable viscosity. Om Prakash ... Expressions for the velocity of fluid and particle phases, temperature field, Nusselt number, skin friction and flow flux are obtained within the channel. The effects of various ...

  13. "Cracking Open the Natural Teleology": Walter Benjamin, Charles Fourier and the Figure of the Child

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolbear, Sam; Proctor, Hannah

    2016-01-01

    The French utopian socialist Charles Fourier is a key figure in Walter Benjamin's "Arcades Project". For Benjamin, one of the most significant aspects of Fourier's utopian vision was its conceptualisation of work as a form of play. According to Fourier it would be possible to build a world around people's inherent desires. In such a…

  14. Virtualizing the Word: Expanding Walter Ong's Theory of Orality and Literacy through a Culture of Virtuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dempsey, Jennifer Camille

    2014-01-01

    This dissertation seeks to create a vision for virtuality culture through a theoretical expansion of Walter Ong's literacy and orality culture model. It investigates the ubiquitous and multimodal nature of the virtuality cultural phenomenon that is mediated by contemporary technology and not explained by pre-existing cultural conventions. Through…

  15. Why Talk? A Conversation about Language with Walter J. Ong. The National Humanities Faculty Why Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, Walter J.; Altree, Wayne

    This document, one of a series on questions regarding humanistic education, contains a transcribed conversation about language between Walter J. Ong, Professor of English and Professor of Humanities in Psychiatry at Saint Louis University, and Wayne Altree of Newton South High School, Newton Center, Massachusetts. This conversation on language…

  16. Walter Scandale receives the decoration of Knight of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    On 9 December 2008, Walter Scandale, a member of the EN Department, received the decoration of Knight of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, one of Italy's highest decorations. He was awarded the medal by the Consul-General of Italy in Geneva.

  17. The cinema and Walter Benjamin: a discontinuous experience of life Cinema e Walter Benjamin: para uma vivência da descontinuidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cássio dos Santos Tomaim

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is an initiative of presenting some elements of Walter Benjamin’s reflections about cinema, and, according to the author, it is an art that give the answers for the modern man perceptive longings, to whom any experience was denied. The cinema, “the work of art in the era of its technical reproduction”, is ultimately for the author the mark of a new perception, of a new relationship between public and the work of art: the collective perception. What the crowd searches is not the contemplation or the withdrawal in front of a work of art, but entertainment. The cinema insists on this characteristic of entertaining when it reproduces the benjaminian concept of “shock experience”, through successive exhibitions of its fragments and constantly interrupting the association of the spectators ideas, (reaffirming the character of amusement of the modern art. However, for the author, the cinema dialectically responds to the amusement as an appropriate instrument for a pedagogy of the crowds – through an emancipated art, the masses would also become emancipated. Keywords: Cine. Walter Benjamin. ‘The shock experience’. Modernity. Este artigo é uma iniciativa de destacar alguns elementos a respeito das reflexões de Walter Benjamin sobre o cinema, uma arte que, segundo o próprio autor, responde aos anseios perceptivos do homem moderno, àquele para o qual foi negada qualquer experiência. O cinema, “a obra de arte na era de sua reprodutibilidade técnica”, por excelência, é, para o autor, o marco de uma nova percepção, de uma nova relação entre público e obra de arte: a percepção coletiva. O que a multidão busca não é a contemplação ou o recolhimento diante da obra de arte, mas a sua distração. Fato que o cinema, ao reproduzir em sua forma o conceito benjaminiano de “experiência do choque”, por meio das sucessivas exposições de seus fragmentos, interrompendo constantemente a associação de id

  18. Boundary breaking for interdisciplinary learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Kidron

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to contribute to the body of knowledge on processesby which students develop interdisciplinary understanding of contents, as well as to suggest technology-enhanced means for supporting them in these processes in the context of higher education. In doing so, we suggest a rethinking of three traditional practices that tend to characterise typical higher education instruction: (1 compartmentalisation of disciplines; (2 traditional pedagogy; and (3 traditional hierarchies based on levels of expertise. Our high-level conjecture was that meaningful dialogue with peers and experts supports both the deepening of ideas in one knowledge domain and the formation of connections between ideas from several domains, both of which are required for the development of interdisciplinary understanding. We developed the Boundary Breaking for Interdisciplinary Learning (BBIL model, which harnesses technology to break boundaries between disciplines, learners and organisational levels of hierarchy. Findings indicate that 36 undergraduate students who participated in an interdisciplinary online course that implemented the BBIL model have significantly improved their interdisciplinary understanding of the course contents. This study illustrates how innovative use of available, free and low-cost technology can produce a ‘positive disruption’ in higher education instruction.

  19. "rand on klaasist ..." = "strondin er av glasi ..." : [luuletused] / T̤roddur Poulsen ; tlk. Arvo Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poulsen, T̤roddur

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "rand on klaasist ..." = "strondin er av glasi ..."; "vesi kannab endas ka nukrust ..." = "vatiņ ber eisini sorg ..."; "Nägin unes et olid ..." = "Droymdi at t{250} ..."; "Tulevik kuulub lihale ..." = "Visi̤nin er kjaet ..."; "Ma pole kirjutanud ..." = "Eg har ikki skriva̧ ..."; "Fäärid sinus. Fäärid minus. Fäärid sidrunis. Fäärid ..." = "Faeroyar Í t̆r. Faeroyar Í m̆r. Faeroyar Í citr̤nini. Faeroyar ... "; "Ma ei suuda kirjutada ..." = "Eg kan ikki skriva ..."

  20. Rand Corporation National Security Research Division. Annual Report 2010-2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    e S e A R ch D i v i S i o n Most focus group participants said they knew gay men and lesbians who were serving and respected their...supporting. a. Iranian Attitudes Toward the United States, Iran’s Nuclear Program, and the Economy Providing Analytical Support for Operations in...RESOuRcES POlIcY cENtER Percentage saying others know their unit has a gay member SOURCE: RAND survey of gay , lesbian , and bisexual military personnel

  1. Predicting success among first-year engineering students at the Rand Afrikaans University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maree, Jacobus G; Pretorius, Anlia; Eiselen, Riëtte J

    2003-10-01

    160 first-year students in the Engineering Faculty at the Rand Afrikaans University completed the Study Orientation Questionnaire in Mathematics and the Senior Aptitude Test Advanced. 100 students who passed and 40 who failed the first year scored significantly differently on three subtests, Calculations, Study attitude in mathematics, and Problem-solving behaviour in mathematics. Step-wise linear regression showed a combination of three fields, namely, Calculations, Study attitude in mathematics, and Mathematics anxiety, contributed significantly (R2=25.8%) towards predicting the first-year aggregate score of first-year engineering students.

  2. Source mechanisms of mining-related seismic events in the Far West Rand, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kassa, BB

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Meeting and Exhibition Swaziland, 16 - 18 September 2009, pages 69 - 72 Source mechanisms of mining-related seismic events in the Far West Rand, South Africa BB Kassa1, J Julià2, AA Nyblade2 and RJ Durrheim1,3 1University of the Witwatersrand... layer between the gold- bearing reefs, the forward problem can be formulated as [Trifu et al., 2000; Julia et al., 2009] u=cF:M where u = vector of spectral displacements, c = 1/(4pV3R), ρ = density, V = P- or S-wave velocity, R = hypocentral...

  3. The neurosurgeon as baseball fan and inventor: Walter Dandy and the batter's helmet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewster, Ryan; Bi, Wenya Linda; Smith, Timothy R; Gormley, William B; Dunn, Ian F; Laws, Edward R

    2015-07-01

    Baseball maintains one of the highest impact injury rates in all athletics. A principal causative factor is the "beanball," referring to a pitch thrown directly at a batter's head. Frequent morbidities elicited demand for the development of protective gear development in the 20th century. In this setting, Dr. Walter Dandy was commissioned to design a "protective cap" in 1941. His invention became widely adopted by professional baseball and inspired subsequent generations of batting helmets. As a baseball aficionado since his youth, Walter Dandy identified a natural partnership between baseball and medical practice for the reduction of beaning-related brain injuries. This history further supports the unique position of neurosurgeons to leverage clinical insights, inform innovation, and expand service to society.

  4. Sir Howard Walter Florey--the force behind the development of penicillin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligon, B Lee

    2004-04-01

    The development of penicillin was a watershed in the battle against infectious diseases. The primary individuals responsible for its discovery and development were Sir Alexander Fleming, Sir Howard Walter Florey, and Ernst B. Chain, now primary figures in the annals of medical history. The individual who serendipitously "discovered" penicillin was Sir Alexander Fleming. Despite the determination displayed by Fleming, little notice was given to his discovery for more than a decade, and the active substance was not isolated. Finally, in 1939, Florey, along with Chain, led a team of British scientists who successfully manufactured the drug from the liquid broth in which penicillin grows. They, along with Fleming, were given the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their roles in the discovery and development of this agent. This biography focuses on the life and work of Sir Howard Walter Florey.

  5. Pós-colonialismo e o mundo plural na obra de Walter Mignolo = Post colonialism and the plural world in the works of Walter Mignolo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lima, Marcos Costa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo pretende discutir a proposta de Walter Mignolo no que se refere aquilo que o autor chama de “descolonização”. O autor argentino Walter Mignolo está inserido no projeto de modernidade/colonialidade ao lado de outros autores latino-americanos das diversas áreas das ciências sociais como Artur Escobar, Edgardo Lander, Fernando Coronil e têm em Aníbal Quijano e Enrique Dussel as figuras que lideram esse projeto. Tais autores acusam a lógica da colonialidade existente nas relações sociais, políticas e econômicas que tiveram início na colonização da América no século dezesseis e se perpetuam até o presente e, mais importante: a colonialidade do conhecimento. Não só visando a constatação da colonialidade, o projeto intenta ir além da acusação: procura alternativas ao eurocentrismo e ao colonialismo no pensamento

  6. Modeling interdisciplinary activities involving Mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iversen, Steffen Møllegaard

    2006-01-01

    In this paper a didactical model is presented. The goal of the model is to work as a didactical tool, or conceptual frame, for developing, carrying through and evaluating interdisciplinary activities involving the subject of mathematics and philosophy in the high schools. Through the terms...... of Horizontal Intertwining, Vertical Structuring and Horizontal Propagation the model consists of three phases, each considering different aspects of the nature of interdisciplinary activities. The theoretical modelling is inspired by work which focuses on the students abilities to concept formation in expanded...... domains (Michelsen, 2001, 2005a, 2005b). Furthermore the theoretical description rest on a series of qualitative interviews with teachers from the Danish high school (grades 9-11) conducted recently. The special case of concrete interdisciplinary activities between mathematics and philosophy is also...

  7. City evacuations an interdisciplinary approach

    CERN Document Server

    Binner, Jane; Branicki, Layla; Galla, Tobias; Jones, Nick; King, James; Kolokitha, Magdalini; Smyrnakis, Michalis

    2015-01-01

    Evacuating a city is a complex problem that involves issues of governance, preparedness education, warning, information sharing, population dynamics, resilience and recovery. As natural and anthropogenic threats to cities grow, it is an increasingly pressing problem for policy makers and practitioners.   The book is the result of a unique interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in the physical and social sciences to consider how an interdisciplinary approach can help plan for large scale evacuations.  It draws on perspectives from physics, mathematics, organisation theory, economics, sociology and education.  Importantly it goes beyond disciplinary boundaries and considers how interdisciplinary methods are necessary to approach a complex problem involving human actors and increasingly complex communications and transportation infrastructures.   Using real world case studies and modelling the book considers new approaches to evacuation dynamics.  It addresses questions of complexity, not only ...

  8. Socialisation to Interdisciplinary Legal Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schäfke, Werner; Mayoral, Juan A.; Hvidt, Martine Stagelund

    2018-01-01

    This article provides novel empirical survey evidence on socialization factors leading lecturers to implement interdisciplinary teaching in law. Recent debates on the legal scholarship and higher education legal institutions advocates for the introduction of interdisciplinary approaches to legal...... studies. Nevertheless, there is still few evidence of how this lecturing philosophy might be affected by the socialization with other disciplines. For that purpose, we analyse the case of external lectures in the Faculty of Law at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, who covers the majority...... of the teaching staff in this institution. To explain the adoption of interdisciplinary teaching, we rely on socialization factors connected to their former higher education and socialization in research and multidisciplinary environments....

  9. L´autobiografia e il desiderio: sulla trilogia di Walter Siti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Casadei

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks into the entire production of writer and critic Walter  Siti. The analysis follows two fundamental tracks: on the one hand, the relationship with the autobiographical format that here becomes openly "fake" and challenges the relationship betwwen fiction/non-fiction; on the other hand, the relationship with literary tradition, particularly with the Dantesque model, decisive for the "allegoric" interpretation of the various tales.

  10. Walter Hasenclever's and Bertolt Brecht's adaptations of the Sophoclean Antigone

    OpenAIRE

    Kotsiaros, Konstantinos

    2010-01-01

    The Antigone story, timeless in its impact and relevance, has been used by many twentieth century playwrights in an attempt to set an ancient theme in a viable contemporary form. The passage of Hölderlin’s political notions into the contemporary German consciousness suffused itself through two other interpretations of major significance, in the early years of the century. Walter Hasenclever (1890-1940) and Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) offered variations on the Antigone story which focus upon th...

  11. Instability of two rotating viscoelastic (Walters B' superposed fluids with suspended particles in porous medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Pardeep

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The instability of the plane interface between two Walters B' viscoelastic superposed fluids permeated with suspended particles and uniform rotation in porous medium is considered following the linearized perturbation theory and normal mode analysis. For the stable configuration the system is found to be stable or unstable if ν' k1/Є, depending on kinematic viscoelasticity, permeability of the medium and porosity of the medium. However, the system is found to be unstable for the potentially unstable configuration. .

  12. Integrating information from disparate sources: the Walter Reed National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Data Transfer Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Victoria; Nelson, Victoria Ruth; Li, Fiona; Green, Susan; Tamura, Tomoyoshi; Liu, Jun-Min; Class, Margaret

    2008-11-06

    The Walter Reed National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Data Transfer web module integrates with medical and surgical information systems, and leverages outside standards, such as the National Library of Medicine's RxNorm, to process surgical and risk assessment data. Key components of the project included a needs assessment with nurse reviewers and a data analysis for federated (standards were locally controlled) data sources. The resulting interface streamlines nurse reviewer workflow by integrating related tasks and data.

  13. The tortoise and the love-machine: Grey Walter and the politics of electroencephalography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayward, R

    2001-12-01

    The life of the pioneer electroencephalographer, William Grey Walter, initially appears to be a paradigmatic example of the process of network building and delegation identified by Michel Callon and Bruno Latour. In his professional career, Walter continually repositioned himself, moving from an unhappy beginning as an expert in the apparently unless and suspect technology of the EEG, to become a self-styled crucial mediator in subjects as diverse as medical diagnosis, forensic detection, marriage counseling, and international diplomacy. This position was achieved moreover through the construction and co-option of human and mechanical accomplices - laboratory assistants, electrical tortoises, and mechanical analyzers - which sustained his research and propagated his arguments. However in contrast to Callon and Latour's atomistic account of scientific power and agency, this paper will extend their analysis to explore the impact of network building and delegation on domestic life, human desire, and personal identity. Walter's engagement with the complexities of love and the human brain demonstrates how the transformative power of scientific rhetoric extends simultaneously into both the organization of the world and the subjectivity of the individual.

  14. Making Interdisciplinary Subjects Relevant to Students: An Interdisciplinary Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Min

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines issues relating to the design/redesign of the pedagogy of interdisciplinary undergraduate subjects. Examples include: (a) law subjects for students in Business Management or Building and Surveying; (b) "English Communication for Business" for students in English; and (c) "Information technology in Business" for students in…

  15. RandSpg: An open-source program for generating atomistic crystal structures with specific spacegroups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Patrick; Zurek, Eva

    2017-04-01

    A new algorithm, RANDSPG, that can be used to generate trial crystal structures with specific space groups and compositions is described. The program has been designed for systems where the atoms are independent of one another, and it is therefore primarily suited towards inorganic systems. The structures that are generated adhere to user-defined constraints such as: the lattice shape and size, stoichiometry, set of space groups to be generated, and factors that influence the minimum interatomic separations. In addition, the user can optionally specify if the most general Wyckoff position is to be occupied or constrain select atoms to specific Wyckoff positions. Extensive testing indicates that the algorithm is efficient and reliable. The library is lightweight, portable, dependency-free and is published under a license recognized by the Open Source Initiative. A web interface for the algorithm is publicly accessible at http://xtalopt.openmolecules.net/randSpg/randSpg.html. RANDSPG has also been interfaced with the XTALOPT evolutionary algorithm for crystal structure prediction, and it is illustrated that the use of symmetric lattices in the first generation of randomly created individuals decreases the number of structures that need to be optimized to find the global energy minimum.

  16. Legal issues concerning mine closure and social responsibility on the West Rand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois Durand

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Mining and, especially, gold and uranium mining have played a major role in the economy, history, and demography of South Africa. The contribution of the mines to the economy of South Africa over the past century has been overvalued, while the social injustices and negative environmental impacts that accompanied mining have been underplayed or ignored by the mining houses and government. The environmental situation has worsened significantly over the past few years due to the abandonment and pending closure of most of these mines. A reluctance is perceived on the part of the mining companies, and even government, to take responsibility for the damage caused by pollution, ecological degradation, and impact on human health by mining. Instead, the current informal policy appears to take smaller companies to court on minor environmental injustices to, perhaps, impress the broader public, while one of the biggest environmental concerns is stylishly treated. The inability of government to address the damage by mines effectively is in conflict with the National Water Act, the National Environmental Management Act, the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Act, the National Nuclear Regulator Act, and the Constitution of South Africa. The authors propose a multidisciplinary approach to address water-related environmental injustices on the West Rand and Far West Rand. We also describe the application of the National Environmental Management Act of South Africa (Act No. 107 of 1998 in the Wonderfonteinspruit and Tweelopiespruit Catchments and the current water quality situation.

  17. Nanotechnology: Interdisciplinary science of applications

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    (Lengke et al., 2007). Nanotechnology infuse scientific branches from biology, chemistry, physics and engineering, hence called interdisciplinary subject opens new doors of applications (Kulzer and Orrit, 2004). The fundamental of nanotechnology lies in the fact that properties of material change dramatically when size.

  18. Epistemological Pluralism: Reorganizing Interdisciplinary Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaddeus R. Miller

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite progress in interdisciplinary research, difficulties remain. In this paper, we argue that scholars, educators, and practitioners need to critically rethink the ways in which interdisciplinary research and training are conducted. We present epistemological pluralism as an approach for conducting innovative, collaborative research and study. Epistemological pluralism recognizes that, in any given research context, there may be several valuable ways of knowing, and that accommodating this plurality can lead to more successful integrated study. This approach is particularly useful in the study and management of social-ecological systems. Through resilience theory's adaptive cycle, we demonstrate how a focus on epistemological pluralism can facilitate the reorganization of interdisciplinary research and avoid the build-up of significant, but insufficiently integrative, disciplinary-dominated research. Finally, using two case studies - urban ecology and social-ecological research in Alaska - we highlight how interdisciplinary work is impeded when divergent epistemologies are not recognized and valued, and that by incorporating a pluralistic framework, these issues can be better explored, resulting in more integrated understanding.

  19. Interdisciplinary Science Research and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKinnon, P. J.; Hine, D.; Barnard, R. T.

    2013-01-01

    Science history shows us that interdisciplinarity is a spontaneous process that is intrinsic to, and engendered by, research activity. It is an activity that is done rather than an object to be designed and constructed. We examine three vignettes from the history of science that display the interdisciplinary process at work and consider the…

  20. Interdisciplinary Research and Information Overload.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Patrick

    1996-01-01

    Discusses information overload and examines several ways in which actual and potential overload affects research choices for the solo researcher in interdisciplinary areas. Topics include information overload and teamwork; entry barriers to certain specialties, including necessary background knowledge; and information utilization and knowledge…

  1. [The quality of interdisciplinary communication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manea, S; Dalla Pozza, L Visoná; Mola, E; Facchin, P

    2011-01-01

    Because of a continued increase of complex patients and the development of many areas of sub-specialities in medicine, the use and quality of interdisciplinary communication has been found to be lacking, especially between hospital and primary care physicians, causing a significant gap in the documentation, coverage and care of individual patients. The study focuses on state of the art interdisciplinary communication, with consideration given to current used tools and priorities. An ad hoc questionnaire surveyed 118 physicians about their profession, the types of patients, the frequency of complex cases, the tools used to communicate with each patient and how the physicians rated these tools. The rate of patients needing interdisciplinary communication is 17% of the entire patient sample, all of this percentage having complex health care needs (terminally ill, disabled, often without a personal support network). Physicians frequently used paper documents, despite their lack of quality, as well as the telephone to communicate with other colleagues. Computer devices were scarcely used. Many Doctors (71%) value the actual interdisciplinary communication of low quality, despite the fact that it is considered to have a significant influence on the quality of health care. New tools and methods are needed. For example, dedicated standards of multidisciplinary and multi-professional Continuing Medical Education (CME), as well as the use of computer tools allowing for shared clinical records.

  2. Interdisciplinary Methods in Water Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosens, Barbara; Fiedler, Fritz; Boll, Jan; Higgins, Lorie; Johnson, Gary; Kennedy, Brian; Strand, Eva; Wilson, Patrick; Laflin, Maureen

    2011-01-01

    In the face of a myriad of complex water resource issues, traditional disciplinary separation is ineffective in developing approaches to promote a sustainable water future. As part of a new graduate program in water resources, faculty at the University of Idaho have developed a course on interdisciplinary methods designed to prepare students for…

  3. Interdisciplinary Common Ground: Techniques and Attentional Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvidson, P. Sven

    2014-01-01

    Common ground in the interdisciplinary research process is the pivot from disciplinary to interdisciplinary perspective. As thinking moves from disciplinary to interdisciplinary, what is the shape or structure of attention, how does intellectual content transform in the attending process? Four common ground techniques--extension, redefinition,…

  4. Perspectives for RandD in Bioenergy in the Baltic States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmberg, Rurik (Technopolis Group, Stockholm (Sweden) )

    2009-11-15

    This study has identified two almost contradictory trends regarding bioenergy in the Baltic States. On the one hand, RandD performed in bioenergy in the Baltic States is rather limited. This might be somewhat surprising, because on the other hand various forms of bioenergy are either already used on a large scale or are widely assumed to become important in the near future. Bioenergy is explicitly recognized in various policy plans as an important component of the energy system in all the Baltic States. Thus the limited RandD efforts raise a number of questions, which probably lack unequivocal answers, but which would be important to discuss in the Baltic States. In all three Baltic States, bioenergy has a major potential. The present trend with boiler houses using biomass in a district heating systems commenced in the 1990s with significant foreign support. Technology was mainly imported, but in some cases local producers have drawn upon these experiences and become producers in their own right. The result has been that the Baltic States have relatively well developed bioenergy technology in use in district heating. But perhaps more importantly, there is know-how and experience in the Baltic States from the use of bioenergy, which however needs to be constantly upgraded. Regarding interest groups, one question raised by some interviewees was whether the natural gas industry with Russian Gazprom as the key player has a bigger say in the energy policy of the Baltic States than officially admitted. Although this issue remains speculative, the question as such is justified and should not be omitted from the discussion. The interest groups behind bioenergy are relatively weak, at least in comparison with other interest groups in the energy sector. As long as the farmers' organizations are not unambiguously behind bioenergy, the political support for investments in developing new technology is likely to remain lukewarm. Cooperation between the Baltic States in

  5. An Analysis of the Objectivist Ethics in Educational Leadership through Ayn Rand's "The Virtues of Selfishness" (1964)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Karen Dupre; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2007-01-01

    Educational leadership is vital to sustain quality educational institutions. It is the role of the school leader to indoctrinate stakeholders with the objectivist ethics-embracing egoism and relinquishing altruistic ideals when it comes to invigorating the system with sustainable change. Ayn Rand's timeless piece of literature "The Virtue of…

  6. Transforming a Project to a Model: The Guided Self-Study Experience at the Rand Afrikaans University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, G. J.; van Loggerenberg, C. M.

    1996-01-01

    Describes a Rand Afrikaans University (South Africa) program to prepare learners for lifelong, self-directed learning. Components include reduced classroom contact, increased independent study, use of a modular study guide, optimum student participation, and continuous evaluation. Focuses on the seven-year process of transforming the project into…

  7. "Nafta ja veri : Balti energia ja kommunismi pärand" : ÜBAK-i 7. Balti konverents / Karl Altau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Altau, Karl Stephen, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    eelteade Ühendatud Balti Ameerika Komitee korraldusel toimuvast konverentsist Washingtonis 9.-10. veebruarini -teemaks Baltimaade energeetiline julgeolek ja kommunismi pärand, peakõnelejaks Valdas Adamkus. Info: jbanc@jbanc.org või telefon 301-340-1954

  8. Health-related quality of life following ambulatory surgery procedures: assessment by RAND-36.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattila, Kristiina; Lahtela, Merja; Hynynen, Markku

    2012-12-05

    Increasing numbers of elective surgical procedures are performed as day-cases. The impact of ambulatory surgery on health-related quality of life in the recovery period has seldom been described. We assessed health-related quality of life in 143 adult outpatients scheduled for arthroscopic procedures of the knee and shoulder joints, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and inguinal hernia repair using the RAND 36-Item Health Survey preoperatively and one week after patients had returned to work or comparable normal daily routines. Postoperatively all patient groups reported significant improvements in bodily pain and vitality. Physical functioning improved significantly in orthopedic and inguinal hernia patients. However, in the orthopedic groups, postoperative scores for physical health were still relatively lower compared to the general population reference values. Ambulatory surgery has a positive impact on health-related quality of life. Assessment of the recovery process is necessary for recognition of potential areas of improvement in care and postoperative rehabilitation.

  9. Kommunikation och lärande i slöjdverkstaden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joakim Andersson

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Inom landskapet för lärande i det hantverksmässiga fältet används kommunikation i en eller annan form. Denna artikel har som mål att beskriva olika kommunikationsförhållande som kan finnas i slöjdsalen, dels som en kvantivativ beskrivning av den faktiska tiden studenten och läraren använder för att kommunicera med varandra, andra och med sig själv, dels som en kvalitativ undersökning av de kommunikationsformer som används. Det tysta kunskapsområdet tar i denna artikel sin utgångspunkt i teorin om processens dialog och kommunikation som bygger på omvandling av kroppsliga tecken och handlingar, verbala yttringar samt visning och handlingar med verktyg. Forskningen är baserad på en grupp studerande vid en workshop i svarvning på slöjdlärarutbildning. Forskningen dokumenteras med två videokameror, en stationär och en handhållen samt en enkäntundersökning som genomfördes efter workshopen. Studiens mål är att förtydliga hur de kommunikativa förhållandena kan påverka det didaktiska tänkandet inom undervisnings- och planeringsarbete i det hantverksmässiga lärandefältet. Därmed leder det till en didaktisk övervägning om att det i undervisningen i det hantverksmässiga fältet skall vara fokus på lärarens kommunikationsform så att de lärande kan växla mellan inre och yttre läranderum och uppnå nya erfarenheter och handlingskompetenser.

  10. Creating interdisciplinary education within monodisciplinary structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindvig, Katrine; Lyall, Catherine; R. Meagher, Laura

    2017-01-01

    to the processes of creating interdisciplinary education initiatives within traditional monodisciplinary universities. In this study, we thus explore how interdisciplinary education and teaching emerge and develop within universities that have little or no established infrastructure to support interdisciplinarity......The literature on interdisciplinary higher education is influenced by two overall trends: one looks at the institutional level of specially designed interdisciplinary institutions, while the other assesses individual interdisciplinary educational activities. Much less attention is given....... Using qualitative data from a multi-part case study, we examine the development of diverse interdisciplinary educational efforts within a traditional faculty-structured university in order to map the ways in which interdisciplinary educational elements have been created, supported, challenged or even...

  11. Structural Narratology and Interdisciplinary Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mohammadi Kalesar

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between structural narratology and interdisciplinary studies. We will try to answer two main questions: What factors have been effective in narratology’s orientation toward interdisciplinary studies? Is this tendency the result of a possibility in narration or a methodological necessity? The movement of narratology to interdisciplinary is observable not only in new narratological tendencies but also in changes in structural theories. Therefore, this article will trace the roots of this tendency in the revises and critiques of these theories until 1970s. By tracing these changes it can be realized that the theories of structural narrotology have broken with idea of independence and self-sufficiency of literature and embraced other disciplines. The main factors in these changes are: attention to cultural elements and reading process in the perception of narrative structure. These considerations have been accompanied by some results; first, the main targets of narratology changed from investigating textual properties to reading and understanding the narration process; second, some disciplines and fields related to culture and mind studies found their way into narratology.

  12. Gothic elements in contemporary detective story : Matthew Gregory Lewis and Minette Walters compared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesna Marinko

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most shocking Gothic novels was written by Matthew Gregory Lewis in 1796. His Gothic novel The Monk contains all the typical Gothic elements such as a ruined castle, aggressive villain, women in distress, the atmosphere of terror and horror and a lot more. This article analyses and compares to what extent the Gothic elements of the late 18th century survived in the contemporary detective story The Ice House (1993 written by Minette Walters and how these elements have changed.

  13. Walter Blumenfeld a veinticinco años de su muerte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón León

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available En el· presente trabajo se comenta la obra de Walter Blumenfeld a veinticinco años de su muerte. Su llegada al Perú, los problemas iniciales de adaptación, sus contribuciones en el terreno de la psicología pero también de la filosofía y de la pedagogía son señalados y analizados. Por último, se destaca su contribución a la forja de una psicología peruana

  14. Walter Blumenfeld a veinticinco años de su muerte

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón León

    1993-01-01

    En el· presente trabajo se comenta la obra de Walter Blumenfeld a veinticinco años de su muerte. Su llegada al Perú, los problemas iniciales de adaptación, sus contribuciones en el terreno de la psicología pero también de la filosofía y de la pedagogía son señalados y analizados. Por último, se destaca su contribución a la forja de una psicología peruana

  15. The instability of streaming Walters' viscoelastic fluid B‧ in porous medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, R. C.; Sunil; Chand, Suresh

    1999-02-01

    The instability of streaming Walters' elastico-viscous fluid B in porous medium is considered. The case of two uniform streaming fluids separated by a horizontal boundary is considered. It is found that for the special case when perturbations in the direction of streaming are ignored, the system can be stable or unstable, depending upon kinematic viscoelasticity, medium porosity and medium permeability, for both potential unstable and potentially stable configurations. In every other direction, a minimum value of wave-number has been found and the system is unstable for all wave-numbers greater than this minimum wave number.

  16. An Overview of Justice in Sir Walter Scott Waverley Novels: The Heart of Mid-Lothian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique García Díaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Although Sir Walter Scott is a well-known writer most of his readers know that he became an advocate in 1792, when he was admitted to the bar. Since then Scott and other advocates walked the floor at Parliament House (home of the Faculty of Advocates and the Court of Session waiting to be hired. Scott’s own experiences as a fledgling advocate are echoed in those of Alain Fairford in his novel Redgauntlet (Scott 1824, which provides a vivid picture of Parliament House in the eighteenth century. During his life, Scott combined extensive writing and editing issues with his daily work as Clerk of Session and Sheriff-Depute of Selkirkshire. Walter Scott was not unaware of Justice and Law and The Heart of Mid-Lothian is the novel in which he introduces to the reader the Scottish Legal System during the eighteenth century. However, there are few more examples that I will explain. Aunque Sir Walter Scott es un conocido escritor, la mayoría de sus lectores saben que en 1792 se hizo abogado, cuando fue admitido en el colegio de abogados. Desde entonces Scott y otros abogados rondaron el Parlamento con la esperanza de ser contratados. Las propias experiencias de Scott como un abogado novel se reflejan en las de Alain Fairford en su novela Redgauntlet (Scott 1824, lo que ofrece una vívida imagen del Parlamento (sede de la facultad de Derecho y Tribunal Supremo en el siglo XVIII. Durante su vida, Scott compaginó una profusa actividad como escritor y editor con su trabajo diario como juez en Selkirk. Walter Scott conocía la justicia y el derecho y El corazón de Mid-Lothian es la novela en la presenta al lector el régimen jurídico de Escocia durante el siglo XVIII. Sin embargo, se explicarán algunos otros ejemplos. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2543538

  17. Beyond the American century: Walter Lippmann and American grand strategy, 1943-1950

    OpenAIRE

    Porter, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    As the United States became a world Power, journalist and intellectual Walter Lippmann feared that it would become its own worst enemy. During and after the Second World War, he tried to steer the country towards coherent statecraft, to define the national interest and the limits of power, and give geopolitical expression to the role of the United States as the core of an Atlantic strategic system. But in response to world war, the Truman Doctrine, and the Korean War, he became pessimistic ab...

  18. L’esperienza estetica come esperienza di immagini. Walter Benjamin e Theodor W. Adorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Tavani

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Both Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno consider ‘aesthetical experience’ as an “image experience” assuming a power of images “to set free forces” directed to produce or support aesthetical-political (Benjamin or aesthetical-critical (Adorno requirements. Profane illumination, ‘thinkimages’, phantasmagory, dialectical images, decayed ‘aura’ and technicalized images in Benjamin’s theory of aesthetical modernity. Expressive feature or “mimetic” eloquence in nature and art countering reality, dismantled ‘aura’ in contemporary desacralized work of art, but also persisting ‘aura’ in its meaningful dimension in Adorno’s aesthetical theory.

  19. [Decriminalizing traditional Andean medicine: an interview with Walter Álvarez Quispe].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quispe, Walter Álvarez; Loza, Carmen Beatriz

    2014-01-01

    Walter Álvarez Quispe, a Kallawaya healer and biomedical practitioner specializing in general surgery and gynecology, presents the struggle of traditional and alternative healers to get their Andean medical systems depenalized between 1960 and 1990. Bolivia was the first country in Latin America and the Caribbean to decriminalize traditional medicine before the proposals of the International Conference on Primary Health Care (Alma-Ata, 1978). The data provided by the interviewee show that the successes achieved, mainly by the Kallawayas, stem from their own independent initiative. These victories are not the result of official policies of interculturality in healthcare, although the successes achieved tend to be ascribed to them.

  20. [Walter Creutz and "euthanasia" in the rhein province: between resistance and collaboration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmuhl, H-W

    2013-09-01

    Over many decades Walter Creutz, medical officer in the provincial administration of Rhine Province from 1935 to 1945, was held to be one of the few psychiatrists who had actively opposed the Nazi "Euthanasia" program. In the famous "Euthanasia trial" in Düsseldorf from 1948 to 1950, Creutz was acquitted of complicity in murder; the court attested that he had done his best to sabotage the "Euthanasia" program and in so doing had saved up to 3,000 patients in the Rhineland. This rendering was circulated further in the history of science literature, so that the Rhine Province was considered to be a center of resistance to the "Euthanasia" program. Doubts about this portrayal have arisen since the 1980s. Various authors attempted to prove that Walter Creutz collaborated with the "Euthanasia" apparatus claiming there was no evidence of opposition or resistance or only to a very limited degree. However, this new perspective is based on an equally one-sided, at times grossly distorted analysis of the sources. The article provides building blocks for a more differentiated interpretation.

  1. Experiência da transitoriedade: Walter Benjamin e a modernidade de Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Gatti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a abordagem feita por Walter Benjamin da concepção de modernidade apresentada pelo poeta e crítico de arte Charles Baudelaire. Após o exame da ideia de beleza moderna nos textos de crítica de Baudelaire, são abordados os motivos da preferência de Benjamin pela apresentação da modernidade na poesia de Baudelaire, particularmente no poema alegórico "Le cygne". Por fim, o texto enfoca a relação entre a poesia moderna de Baudelaire e a concepção de experiência de Benjamin.The paper investigates the approach made by Walter Benjamin of Charles Baudelaire's conception of modernity. After examining the idea of modern beauty in Baudelaire's critical texts, the reasons of Benjamin's preference for the presentation of modernity in Baudelaire's poetry are analized, particularly, in the allegorical poem "Le cygne". At last, the paper focuses on the relation between Baudelaire's modern poetry and Benjamin's concept of experience.

  2. PROTAGONISMO DOS ÍNDIOS NORTE-AMERICANOS NOS DESENHOS ANIMADOS DE WALTER LANTZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAFAEL DUARTE OLIVEIRA VENANCIO

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Condemned to a dubious media representation in early cinema through thenovels of the late nineteenth century, the North American Indians never had a high profile infilms of this period. However, an animator, Walter Lantz, has a high degree of characterizationof Native Americans in his work. The aim of this paper is to study the role of Native Americansin these cartoons and analyze the social implications of these choices, using the concepts ofapparatus and formula. Furthermore, the analysis will include a portrayal of the Americanmedia scene before and after Lantz, seeking disruptions and legacies.Condenados a uma duvidosa representação midiática no início do cinema graçasaos romances do final do século XIX, os índios norte-americanos nunca tiveram um grandedestaque nos filmes dessa época. No entanto, um realizador de desenhos animados, WalterLantz, possui um alto grau de caracterização de nativos norte-americanos em seus trabalhos. Oobjetivo do presente artigo é estudar o protagonismo dos índios norte-americanos nessesdesenhos animados, e analisar as implicações sociais dessas escolhas através do uso dosconceitos de dispositivo e fórmula. Além disso, a análise incluirá a retratação da cenamidiática norte-americana antes e depois de Lantz, buscando rupturas e legados.

  3. Comfort, measured by means of a sweating manikin (Walter (TM)), of clothing containing different fibre combinations : A preliminary investigation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Botha, Anton F

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available and thickness, wool fabrics were better thermal insulators than the fabrics composed of the other fibres which they tested, whereas, Baxter and Cassie (1943) showed that, for a range of fabrics differing widely in fibre composition and ING MANIKIN (SOURCE... on the sweating fabric manikin WalterTM. REFERENCES ANON, N.D. Walter-Perspiring fabric manikin measurement system Version 3.0: User licence and manual. Polymer Technology & Consulting Company Ltd. BAXTER, S. & CASSIE, A.B.D. 1943. Thermal insulation...

  4. Los distintos modos de practicar la historia: Walter Scott y Galdós sobre los «anticuarios»

    OpenAIRE

    Behiels, Lieve

    2017-01-01

    En un siglo XIX obsesionado por la historia, Galdós no era el primero en tematizar la historiografía y los que la practicaban en sus novelas. En ‘The Antiquary ‘(1816) de Walter Scott, el anticuario llamado Jonathan Oldbuck es un personaje central. Nos proponemos comparar los rasgos que unen y separan a don Cayetano, el anticuario de ‘Doña Perfecta’ (1876), Buenaventura Miedes, el de ‘Narváez’ (1902, novela de la cuarta serie de los ‘Episodios nacionales’), y el personaje de Walter Scott....

  5. Functional Analysis in Interdisciplinary Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Nursultanov, Erlan; Ruzhansky, Michael; Sadybekov, Makhmud

    2017-01-01

    This volume presents current research in functional analysis and its applications to a variety of problems in mathematics and mathematical physics. The book contains over forty carefully refereed contributions to the conference “Functional Analysis in Interdisciplinary Applications” (Astana, Kazakhstan, October 2017). Topics covered include the theory of functions and functional spaces; differential equations and boundary value problems; the relationship between differential equations, integral operators and spectral theory; and mathematical methods in physical sciences. Presenting a wide range of topics and results, this book will appeal to anyone working in the subject area, including researchers and students interested to learn more about different aspects and applications of functional analysis.

  6. Theoretical Considerations of Interdisciplinary Expertise in Traffic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdravko Peran

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Jnterdisciplinwy traffic expertise is being increasingly appliedin road traffic. It is not possible to determine whether anaccident had been intentionally set up without such expertise.The interdisciplinary expertise is the result of mutual work ofseveral different interdisciplinary experts. The paper analysesthe basic characteristics of interdisciplinary investigation ofset-up traffic accidents. Special attention has been paid to interdisciplinwyexpertise of set-up traffic accidents involving injuredpersons or fatalities.

  7. Teaching about Fascism: An Interdisciplinary Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirshfield, Claire

    1980-01-01

    Describes a university course which teaches the history of fascism and nazism through interdisciplinary methods: philosophy, film, literature, and art. Visiting lecturers include survivors of concentration camps. (KC)

  8. Interdisciplinary Approach in Engineering Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda Zeidmane

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the scientific literature available on the types of general competences and their classification caused the authors to conclude that it is necessary to implement interdisciplinary approach in engineering education to develop competences necessary for engineers to make them competitive in the labour market. The attention should be paid to a professional foreign language, computer literacy and educational psychology recommendations. To improve professional foreign language skills, CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning method should be integrated in the study process of engineering education. In order to develop information literacy competence, it is important to create a single e-study environment. The academic staff, developing study subjects for engineering programmes, should focus on the study content and study methods. As regards the content, the compromise should be sought between fundamental acquisition of the knowledge of the subject matter, the know-how of the application of this knowledge as well as the use of brand new software in the calculations. The paper presents the examples of the application of the interdisciplinary approach in the universities, where the authors of the paper are affiliated: the LUA (Latvia University of Agriculture and the RTU (Riga Technical University, respectively.

  9. Kultuurivedur 2008 Anne Rande : lapsed ja lugemine, see ei ole mingi tilu-lilu / Rebekka Lotman ; kommenteerinud Evelin Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Rebekka, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Ajalehe "Postimees" kultuuritoimetus pidas 2008. aasta Kultuuriveduri auhinna vääriliseks Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskuse direktorit Anne Randet, kes räägib, miks ja kuidas viia lapsi lugemise juurde. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves on Anne Randet kui lastekirjanduse väärtustajat autasustanud Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgiga. Kommenteerib Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskuse patroon proua Evelin Ilves. Juuresoleval fotol Anne Rande koos Kadri Keiu Ilvesega

  10. How to Enhance Interdisciplinary Competence--Interdisciplinary Problem-Based Learning versus Interdisciplinary Project-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brassler, Mirjam; Dettmers, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Interdisciplinary competence is important in academia for both employability and sustainable development. However, to date, there are no specific interdisciplinary education models and, naturally, no empirical studies to assess them. Since problem-based learning (PBL) and project-based learning (PjBL) are learning approaches that emphasize…

  11. The data access infrastructure of the Wadden Sea Long Term Ecosystem Research (WaLTER) project

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Bruin, T.

    2011-12-01

    The Wadden Sea, North of The Netherlands, Germany and Danmark, is one of the most important tidal areas in the world. In 2009, the Wadden Sea was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. The area is noted for its ecological diversity and value, being a stopover for large numbers of migrating birds. The Wadden Sea is also used intensively for economic activities by inhabitants of the surrounding coasts and islands, as well as by the many tourists visiting the area every year. A whole series of monitoring programmes is carried out by a range of governmental bodies and institutes to study the natural processes occuring in the Wadden Sea ecosystems as well as the influence of human activities on those ecosystems. Yet, the monitoring programmes are scattered and it is difficult to get an overview of those monitoring activities or to get access to the data resulting from those monitoring programmes. The Wadden Sea Long Term Ecosystem Research (WaLTER) project aims to: 1. To provide a base set of consistent, standardized, long-term data on changes in the Wadden Sea ecological and socio-economic system in order to model and understand interrelationships with human use, climate variation and possible other drivers. 2. To provide a research infrastructure, open access to commonly shared databases, educational facilities and one or more field sites in which experimental, innovative and process-driven research can be carried out. This presentation will introduce the WaLTER-project and explain the rationale for this project. The presentation will focus on the data access infrastructure which will be used for WaLTER. This infrastructure is part of the existing and operational infrastructure of the National Oceanographic Data Committee (NODC) in the Netherlands. The NODC forms the Dutch node in the European SeaDataNet consortium, which has built an European, distributed data access infrastructure. WaLTER, NODC and SeaDataNet all use the same technology, developed within the Sea

  12. Student Opinions on Factors Influencing Tutorials at Walter Sisulu University, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garí Calzada, Mayra A; Iputo, Jehu E

    2015-07-01

    INTRODUCTION Problem-based learning harmonized with education in and for the community is the cornerstone of the curriculum for the undergraduate medical degree at Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha, South Africa. In tutorials, students construct knowledge and learn to work collaboratively while interacting with one another in their search for solutions to a pedagogically modeled health issue based on a patient. Problems cover students' needs defined by the learning cycle of the second year medical curriculum, organized into four learning blocks. OBJECTIVES Determine student perspectives on which factors affect tutorial group functioning and detect the reported presence of these factors in the four learning blocks comprising the second year of medical studies at Walter Sisulu University. METHODS Twenty second-year medical students were chosen by stratified random sampling and assigned to two focus groups. One group discussed factors that foster smooth functioning of the tutorial group; the other focused on factors hindering effective group work. Later, in a joint session, 17 items previously identified by both groups were selected and included in a survey given to all 97 students at the end of second year. The survey assessed presence of each item in 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 of the learning blocks. RESULTS Survey response was 93.8%. Mean reported presence of factors that influenced tutorials in the four learning blocks was 2.71 (SD 0.31) for the social dimension, 3.02 for motivational (SD 0.02), 3.00 for cognitive (SD 0.42), and 2.22 for self-directed learning (SD 0.79). CONCLUSIONS Tutorial group performance at Walter Sisulu University is positively influenced more by motivational and cognitive factors than by social and self-directed learning factors. Social dimensions should be prioritized when training tutors and self-directed learning stressed for students. The poor productivity of extra-tutorial group discussions suggests the need for a critical evaluation of this

  13. The portfolio risk management and diversification benefits from the South African rand currency index (rain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.Y. Jordaan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to explain the source of risk management and diversification benefits that investors may gain from the South African Rand Currency Index (RAIN as it relates to an equity portfolio with stock market exposure (locally or international. These diversification benefits may result from the negative correlation between RAIN and the South African All Share Index (ALSI. To explain and fully exploit the benefits of RAIN, the main variables that represent South Africa’s trading partner equity and bond markets movements, were identified. To account for the interaction of RAIN with the ALSI, the latter was firstly decomposed into its economic groups and secondly into its various sub-sectors. Various analyses were carried out to determine which variables describe the relationship between the ALSI and RAIN. The variables that describe the relationship with a high adjusted R2, were identified. The findings suggest that when the ALSI is decomposed into its ten economic groups and thirty-seven sub-groups, the quadratic as opposed to linear models using response surface regressions, explained the majority of the variation in RAIN over the entire period. The linear models, however, explained more of the variation in RAIN during the recent 2008/2009 financial crisis

  14. Strategic process strengthens and orientates the regional RandD capacity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knuuttila, Kirsi [JAMK Univ. of Applied Sciences, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)], e-mail: kirsi.knuuttila@jamk.fi; Krissakova, Ingrid [National Forest Centre-Forest Research Inst., Zvolen (Slovakia); Barbena, Goizeder [Centro Nacional de Energias Renovables/ Departamento de Biomasa, CENER, Pamplona (Spain); Hryniewicz, Marek [Inst. of Technology and Life Sciences, ITP, Raszyn (Poland); Ketikidis, Chrysovalantis [Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, CERTH/ Inst. for Solid Fuels Technology and Applications, Thessaloniki (Greece); Wihersaari, Margareta [Jyvaeskylae Univ., Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2012-11-01

    The use of biomasses and competition for biomass resources are rapidly increasing in Europe due to the positive environmental advantages that this energy source entails, including climate change prevention. Central Finland, Navarra (Spain), Western Macedonia (Greece), Slovakia and Wielkopolska (Poland) have taken the joint initiative to strengthen the regional expertise, cooperation capacities and innovation environment in the field of sustainable use of biomass resources. The initiative to develop the regional research driven clusters is supported by BIOCLUS project (www.bioclus.eu) co-financed by FP7 Regions of Knowledge Programme. The biomass research orientated clusters have built up Regional Strategic RandD Agendas (SRA) and Joint Action Plans (JAP) based on the SRAs. The starting point for SRA is the comprehensive understanding of regional biomass resources. SRA and JAP process orientates and strengthens research activities and capacity building in the selected research fields related to sustainable use of biomass. The agenda supports expertise development and cooperation in the regional research-driven cluster. It identifies the focus of research activities in the future and supports the authorities in directing the use of human and financial resources.

  15. Key interventions and quality indicators for quality improvement of STEMI care: a RAND Delphi survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aeyels, Daan; Sinnaeve, Peter R; Claeys, Marc J; Gevaert, Sofie; Schoors, Danny; Sermeus, Walter; Panella, Massimiliano; Coeckelberghs, Ellen; Bruyneel, Luk; Vanhaecht, Kris

    2017-12-13

    Identification, selection and validation of key interventions and quality indicators for improvement of in hospital quality of care for ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. A structured literature review was followed by a RAND Delphi Survey. A purposively selected multidisciplinary expert panel of cardiologists, nurse managers and quality managers selected and validated key interventions and quality indicators prior for quality improvement for STEMI. First, 34 experts (76% response rate) individually assessed the appropriateness of items to quality improvement on a nine point Likert scale. Twenty-seven key interventions, 16 quality indicators at patient level and 27 quality indicators at STEMI care programme level were selected. Eighteen additional items were suggested. Experts received personal feedback, benchmarking their score with group results (response rate, mean, median and content validity index). Consequently, 32 experts (71% response rate) openly discussed items with an item-content validity index above 75%. By consensus, the expert panel validated a final set of 25 key interventions, 13 quality indicators at patient level and 20 quality indicators at care programme level prior for improvement of in hospital care for STEMI. A structured literature review and multidisciplinary expertise was combined to validate a set of key interventions and quality indicators prior for improvement of care for STEMI. The results allow researchers and hospital staff to evaluate and support quality improvement interventions in a large cohort within the context of a health care system.

  16. Internal Quality Assurance Reviews: Challenges and Processes--Walter Sisulu University's Business, Management Sciences and Law Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moodly, A.; Saunderson, I.

    2008-01-01

    The Council for Higher Educations' (CHE) Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC) requires internal quality evaluations to be performed on the various programmes offered by the Faculty before visitation by the HEQC. This article examines some of the challenges and processes followed by six of the departments of Walter Sisulu University's Faculty…

  17. A poética da tradução em Walter Benjamin e Haroldo de Campos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Guimarães de Oliveira

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio visa traçar um paralelo entre a poética da tradução de Walter Benjamin, em “A Tarefa do Tradutor”, e a de Haroldo de Campos, poeta, tradutor, e crítico brasileiro em sua teoria da tradução.

  18. Memória e história: Hannah Arendt em diálogo com Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magalhães, Marionilde Brepohl de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A autora tem como proposta refletir sobre o papel da memória e da História em nossa cultura contemporânea, através de uma aproximação ao pensamento de Hannah Arendt e Walter Benjamin

  19. Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1998 "for his development of the density-functional theory" : Walter Kohn

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Prof. Walter Kohn presents "Electronic structure of matter : wave functions and density functionals".Since the 1920's Schroedinger wave functions have been the principal theoretical concept for understanding and computing the electronic structure of matter. More recently, Density Functional Theory (DFT), couched in terms of the electronic density distribution, n(r), has provided a new perspective and new computational possibilities, especially for systems consisting of very many (up to ~1000) atoms. In this talk some fundamental limitations of wave function methods for very-many-atom-systems will be discussed. The DFT approach will be explained together with some physical/chemical applications and a discussion of its strenghts and weaknesses. W Kohn has received the prize with J A Pople for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistr.

  20. Convection instability of non-Newtonian Walter's nanofluid along a vertical layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galal M. Moatimid

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The linear stability of viscoelastic nanofluid layer is investigated. The rheological behavior of the viscoelastic fluid is described through the Walter's model. The normal modes analysis is utilized to treat the equations of motion for stationary and oscillatory convection. The stability analysis resulted in a third-degree dispersion equation with complex coefficients. The Routh–Hurwitz theory is employed to investigate the dispersion relation. The stability criteria divide the plane into several parts of stable/unstable regions. This shows some analogy with the nonlinear stability theory. The relation between the elasticity and the longitudinal wave number is graphically analyzed. The numerical calculations show that viscoelastic flows are more stable than those of the Newtonian ones.

  1. Walter Miles, Pop Warner, B. C. Graves, and the psychology of football.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baugh, Frank G; Benjamin, Ludy T

    2006-01-01

    In 1926-1927, a graduate student, B. C. Graves, working with Stanford University psychologist Walter Miles and legendary football coach Pop Warner, conducted an investigation of variations in signal calling as they affected the charging times of football players. The study was one of two that involved Miles and the ingenious multiple chronograph that he had invented to time the reactions of seven players simultaneously. These studies represented a brief digression in the career of Miles, who certainly was no sport psychologist. They tell of an interesting collaboration between scientist and coaches that produced one of the richest studies in sport psychology in the first half of the twentieth century. Copyright 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Walter Laing Macdonald Perry KT OBE, Barron Perry of Walton, 21 June 1921 - 17 July 2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, John S; Horlock, John H

    2004-01-01

    Lord Perry of Walton died suddenly on 17 July 2003, at the age of 82 years. Walter Laing Macdonald Perry was a native of Dundee, educated at Morgan Academy Dundee, Ayr Academy, Dundee High School and St Andrews University (MB ChB, MD and DSc), winning the Rutherford Silver Medal for his MD thesis and the Sykes Gold Medal for his DSc thesis. After Casaulty Officer and House Surgeon posts in 1943-44, he served as a Medical Officer in the Colonial Medical Service in Nigeria in 1944-46, then briefly as a Medical Officer in the RAF, 1946-47, before embarking on a scientific career on the staff of the Medical Research COuncil at the National Institute for Medical Research from 1947 to 1958, serving as Director of the Department of Biological Standards from 1952 to 1958. Professionally, he achieved MRCP (ED) in 1963 and was elected FRCPE in 1967, FRCP in 1978, FRSE in 1960 and FRS in 1985. In 1958 he came to Edinburgh as Professor of Pharmacology, holding the Chair from 1958 to 1968. During this time he also served as Dean of the Faculty of Medicine (1965-67) and Vice-Principal of the University (1967-68) before leaving to become the inaugural Vice-Chancellor of the Open University in 1968, a post he held until 1980. During this period at the Open University he developed a second distinguish career as a university administrator and a promotor and facilitator of open and distance learning, in which fields he later performed extensive work on behalf of the United Nations. A third career, in politics and public life, began with his ennoblement to a life peerage in 1979, taking the title of Walton in the County of Buckinghamshire, the initial base of the Open University. Latterly Walter sat as a Liberal Democrat, having twice been Social Democratic Party deputy leader in the Lords in the 1980s. He took an active role in the Lords' Select Committee on Science and Technology and held interests in and spoke on many areas of public policy, including fisheries policy. Recognition

  3. A TEMÁTICA DA INFÂNCIA SOB A VISÃO DE WALTER BENJAMIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparecida Maria Sales de SOUZA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto tem como objetivo analisar as reflexões de Walter Benjamin relacionadas à temática da infância e demonstrar que as considerações do filósofo são relevantes para a sociedade contemporânea. Benjamin critica a pedagogia, dá ênfase à valorização da criança e vê o brincar como experiência formadora da infância plena e do adulto realizado. Através das proposições de Benjamin, pode-se ter outra visão sobre a experiência educacional da criança. A pesquisa é teórica confirmando o pensamento de Benjamin com outros autores em relação à criança, o brincar e à educação.

  4. Stephen Hall Receives 2012 Walter Sullivan Award for Excellence in Science Journalism-Features: Citation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Helen

    2013-01-01

    Stephen Hall, a freelance science writer and science-communication teacher, received the Walter Sullivan Award for Excellence in Science Journalism-Features at the AGU Fall Meeting Honors Ceremony, held on 5 December 2012 in San Francisco, Calif. Hall was honored for the article "At Fault?" published 15 September 2011 in Nature. The article examines the legal, personal, and political repercussions from a 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy for seismologists who had attempted to convey seismic risk assessments to the public. The 6.3 magnitude quake devastated the medieval town and caused more than 300 deaths. Six scientists and one government official were subsequently convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to prison for inadequately assessing and mischaracterizing the risks to city residents, despite the inexact nature of seismic risk assessment. The Sullivan award is for work published with a deadline pressure of more than 1 week.

  5. Conference on Inequalities and Applications : Dedicated to the Memory of Wolfgang Walter

    CERN Document Server

    Gilányi, Attila; Losonczi, László; Plum, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Inequalities arise as an essential component in various mathematical areas. Besides forming a highly important collection of tools, e.g. for proving analytic or stochastic theorems or for deriving error estimates in numerical mathematics, they constitute a challenging research field of their own. Inequalities also appear directly in mathematical models for applications in science, engineering, and economics. This edited volume covers divers aspects of this fascinating field. It addresses classical inequalities related to means or to convexity as well as inequalities arising in the field of ordinary and partial differential equations, like Sobolev or Hardy-type inequalities, and inequalities occurring in geometrical contexts. Within the last five decades, the late Wolfgang Walter has made great contributions to the field of inequalities. His book on differential and integral inequalities was a real breakthrough in the 1970’s and has generated a vast variety of further research in this field. He also organize...

  6. Walter Rudolf Hess (1881-1973) and his contribution to neuroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akert, K

    1999-12-01

    The present account includes a brief life history of Walter Rudolf Hess (1881-1973) and a review of his major neurophysiological contributions. Hess belonged to the nearly extinct generation of great universalists among students of human physiology. He began his scientific work in hemodynamics and ophthalmology, then studied the functional organization and regulation of circulation and respiration and developed a number of highly sophisticated instruments which fostered his international reputation. By electrically stimulating the brain of the unanesthetized, freely moving animal he explored the functional organization and localization of the cat diencephalon in terms of autonomic, extrapyramidal motor functions, and instinctive behavior, e.g. hunger, thirst, fear, and rage. His thoughts on biological order led him to consider the problems of psychic forces. He was convinced of the close correlation of behavioral research and neurophysiology and believed that neuronal patterns determine the content of consciousness without providing clues concerning the transformation of such patterns into subjective experience.

  7. The implementation of research recommendations at the Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martie Mearns

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A comparative study Biodiversity is not a static phenomenon and many variables have an effect on accelerated biodiversity loss. While most of the variables affecting biodiversity loss are caused by humankind, many species are affected by more than one variable simultaneously. Six fundamental causes for biodiversity loss have been identifi ed, namely unsustainable population growth and associated increased pressure on natural resources; a reduced spectrum of agricultural, forestry and fishery products; failure of economic systems to attach appropriate economic value to the environment and resources; inequality in ownership, flow and management of the benefits and utilisation of resources; insufficient knowledge in the application and use of resources; and legislation and institutional systems that promote unsustainable abuse of the environment (Middleton 2003:250. The worldwide loss of biodiversity makes the management of protected areas more important than ever. Protected areas are under increasing pressure to become economically viable and independent of state grants. Tourism creates the mechanism and opportunities for protected areas to increase their economic viability while advancing the appreciation of nature. The management of these protected areas therefore includes the management of visitors. South Africa is the third most bio diverse country in the world. Amongst a variety of nature conservation endeavours nine national botanical gardens are managed by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI. One of the nine national gardens is the Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden situated in Roodekrans towards the west of Johannesburg. A study was launched to determine preferences of visitors to the Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden by making use of semi-structured interviews. The purpose of the study was threefold. Firstly the study was launched to determine whether visitors to the garden had an increased awareness

  8. LANGUAGE, SCIENCE AND ART – CONSIDERATIONS ON “TRAGIC DRAMA” BY WALTER BENJAMIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Benito OLIVEIRA FERRAZ

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The wealth, diversity and complexity of Walter Benjamin’s thoughts led us to deepen our understanding of some aspects of his ideas, notably those that refer to a reflection of the role of the truth in the hegemonic philosophical-scientific discourse and its relation to the artistic language as a redimensioning vehicle of the process for the human knowledge creation. In this sense, we have chosen the work `The Origin of German Tragic Drama` as an idea reference towards our worries, highlighting the role of individual experience in order to establish narratives which are able to build a social memory, and technical and technological perseverance as central for the new human perceptions. Such ideas have revealed how modern and important his writings are as far as understanding human beings is concerned.

  9. Magic, Mind Control, and the Body Electric: "Materia Medica" in Sir Walter Scott's Library at Abbotsford.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Lindsay

    2014-01-01

    This chapter examines the medical texts, or "Materia Medica", held by Sir Walter Scott in his library at Abbotsford. While the vast majority of Scott's medical texts are antiquarian, his library also contains rare tracts and ephemera relating to the medical practice of the infamous quack, Dr James Graham (1745-94), and the Burke and Hare controversy of 1828 and its aftermath. Examining Scott's holdings of medical texts in relation to his own health and that of his family and friends, it is argued that the lack of contemporary medical self-help texts in his library is striking and indicative of his stoical attitude towards health, despite his clear interest in medical culture.

  10. Was Walter Lippmann interested in stereotyping?: Public Opinion and cognitive social psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Leonard S

    2009-02-01

    Walter Lippmann's Public Opinion is much cited but little read. A review of references to Public Opinion by social psychologists over the last 20 years reveals the widespread beliefs that (1) the book focuses primarily on group stereotypes and prejudice, and (2) the concept of stereotyping originated with Lippmann. However, stereotypes, as currently conceived--as opposed to schemata more generally--do not play a central role in the book, and Lippmann did not introduce the concept (although he may have broadened it). In addition, throughout his long and distinguished career, he showed little interest in stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Nonetheless, Public Opinion is a seminal work in the area of cognitive social psychology and (like other little read citation classics) still deserves to be read-including, ironically, by students of stereotyping and prejudice.

  11. Toward an Interdisciplinary Science of Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Linda J.; Fryling, Mitch J.

    2009-01-01

    Cultural events are of interest to scientists working in many scientific domains. Given this, an interdisciplinary science of culture may provide a more thorough understanding of cultural phenomena. However, interdisciplinary sciences depend upon the validity and vitality of the participating disciplines. This article reviews the nature of…

  12. Interdisciplinary Best Practices for Adapted Physical Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szostak, Rick

    2016-01-01

    This article provides an introduction to the literature on interdisciplinary research. It then draws lessons from that literature for the field of adapted physical activity. It is argued that adapted physical activity should be a self-consciously interdisciplinary field. It should insist that research be performed according to recognized…

  13. Disciplinary Foundations for Solving Interdisciplinary Scientific Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dongmei; Shen, Ji

    2015-01-01

    Problem-solving has been one of the major strands in science education research. But much of the problem-solving research has been conducted on discipline-based contexts; little research has been done on how students, especially individuals, solve interdisciplinary problems. To understand how individuals reason about interdisciplinary problems, we…

  14. Authentic Interdisciplinary Instruction: Raising the Bar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohnsen, Bonnie

    2011-01-01

    This article addressed the need for authentic interdisciplinary instruction. Authentic interdisciplinary instruction is defined as a learning activity that simultaneously improves student performance related to grade-level standards in two or more disciplines (e.g., science and physical education). The process described for creating authentic…

  15. Enhancing Adult Learning through Interdisciplinary Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntiri, Daphne W.; Schindler, Roslyn Abt; Henry, Stuart

    2004-01-01

    This examination of the pedagogical and curricular characteristics and imperatives of an interdisciplinary studies program for adult learners, within a wider context of theory and practice, draws on the example of a general education course to demonstrate the vitality between interdisciplinary thinking and adult learning.

  16. Criminologyof the future: interdisciplinary scientific connections

    OpenAIRE

    Antonyan Yu.M.

    2014-01-01

    The results of interdisciplinary scientific connections of the modern criminology conditional on the open character of this science and the necessity of its further development are given. The narrow-purpose character of criminological researches is noted: trivial subject matter; the criminologists’ lack of psychological, psychiatric, economical, historical, biological, ethnological and other knowledge; insufficiency of complex interdisciplinary works and empirical studies. Different viewpoint...

  17. Teaching Interdisciplinary Engineering and Science Educations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Lise B.; S. Stachowicz, Marian

    2014-01-01

    creating new knowledge. We will address the challenges by defining the term interdisciplinary in connection with education, and using the Problem Based Learning educational approach and experience from the engineering and science educational areas to find the obstacles. Two cases based on interdisciplinary...

  18. Engaging Undergraduates through Interdisciplinary Research in Nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goonewardene, Anura U.; Offutt, Christine; Whitling, Jacqueline; Woodhouse, Donald

    2012-01-01

    To recruit and retain more students in all science disciplines at our small (5,000 student) public university, we implemented an interdisciplinary strategy focusing on nanotechnology and enhanced undergraduate research. Inherently interdisciplinary, the novelty of nanotechnology and its growing career potential appeal to students. To engage…

  19. Devolviendo el balón a la cancha. Diálogos con Walter Mignolo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Iglesias Turrión

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene su origen en las discusiones mantenidas con Walter Dd. Mignolo en el curso de verano "El pensamiento descolonial y el surgimiento de los indígenas como nuevo sujeto político en América Latina", celebrado en Escorial entre el 24 y el 28 de Julio de 2006. Nuestro primer objetivo es continuar el debate ordenando y sistematizando buena parte de los argumentos que se opusieron a las tesis de Walter para tratar de presentar un conjunto de cuestiones y argumentos frente a la noción de giro epistémico. Nuestro segundo objetivo es aportar elementos para la elaboración de una cartografía teórica liberadora que permita articular y relacionar las luchas y procesos de acción colectiva de las subjetividades subalternas agredidas en diferentes áreas del planeta por las dinámicas de dominación y explotación de la modernidad capitalista, así como superar los defectos euro-céntricos de buena parte de las tradiciones de pensamiento emancipador de los movimientos antisistémicos clásicos. En tercer lugar, nos plantearemos la pregunta con la que el profesor Heriberto Cairo inauguraba el curso: ¿Es posible descolonializar Europa? Indagaremos así sobre la posibilidad de una interfaz comunicadora entre los movimientos de América Latina y Europa y sobre la irradiación de las culturas políticas indígenas fuera de su ámbito de inserción inmediata.

  20. Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Rössler, Otto; Zelinka, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    The book you hold in your hands is the outcome of the “2014 Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems” held in the historical city of Florence. The book consists of 37 chapters from 4 areas of Physical Modeling of Complex Systems, Evolutionary Computations, Complex Biological Systems and Complex Networks. All 4 parts contain contributions that give interesting point of view on complexity in different areas in science and technology. The book starts with a comprehensive overview and classification of complexity problems entitled Physics in the world of ideas: Complexity as Energy”  , followed by chapters about complexity measures and physical principles, its observation, modeling and its applications, to solving various problems including real-life applications. Further chapters contain recent research about evolution, randomness and complexity, as well as complexity in biological systems and complex networks. All selected papers represent innovative ideas, philosophical overviews and state-of-the-...

  1. The interdisciplinary nature of SOIL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brevik, E. C.; Cerdà, A.; Mataix-Solera, J.; Pereg, L.; Quinton, J. N.; Six, J.; Van Oost, K.

    2015-01-01

    The holistic study of soils requires an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, chemists, geologists, and physicists, amongst others, something that has been true from the earliest days of the field. In more recent years this list has grown to include anthropologists, economists, engineers, medical professionals, military professionals, sociologists, and even artists. This approach has been strengthened and reinforced as current research continues to use experts trained in both soil science and related fields and by the wide array of issues impacting the world that require an in-depth understanding of soils. Of fundamental importance amongst these issues are biodiversity, biofuels/energy security, climate change, ecosystem services, food security, human health, land degradation, and water security, each representing a critical challenge for research. In order to establish a benchmark for the type of research that we seek to publish in each issue of SOIL, we have outlined the interdisciplinary nature of soil science research we are looking for. This includes a focus on the myriad ways soil science can be used to expand investigation into a more holistic and therefore richer approach to soil research. In addition, a selection of invited review papers are published in this first issue of SOIL that address the study of soils and the ways in which soil investigations are essential to other related fields. We hope that both this editorial and the papers in the first issue will serve as examples of the kinds of topics we would like to see published in SOIL and will stimulate excitement among our readers and authors to participate in this new venture.

  2. Developing appropriate criteria for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Surgery Using RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Ostovar

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Introduction & Objective: Results of different studies show that a relatively large number of healthcare services offered are inappropriate or unnecessary. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a benign enlargement of the prostate gland. Clinical features of this disease are one of the most common problems encountered by elderly males. The aim of this study was to assess the appropriateness of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery. Materials & Methods: In this qualitative study which was conducted in 2008-9, in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, the RAN/UCLA method was used, which was designed in 1980 by the RAND institute and the University of California in Los Angeles. Regarding the stages of our method, scenarios and indications for benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery were chosen from the latest approved scientific resources and subsequently sent to urology specialists, who were chosen as members of the specialized panel. Panel members gave scores ranging from 1 to 9 to each indication and scenario based on scientific resources, clinical experiences and patient’s condition in two separate panel sessions. After compilation, the indications were finally grouped as appropriate, equivocal, and inappropriate so that they could be used to determine appropriateness of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery in hospitals. In this study, the most suitable and most approved clinical guidelines related to benign prostatic hyperplasia, the Guidelines Evaluation and Research Appraisal (AGREE were used.The selected guidelines were used as scientific resources for choosing the indications of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery. SPSS version 16 and kappa weighted value were used in analysis process of the study. Results: Out of 282 scenarios grouped as 9 conditions related to benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery, which were extracted from scientific sources, 73 cases (25.9% were considered as appropriate, 14 cases (5% as equivocal and 7 cases (2

  3. Evidence for Policy Making: Clinical Appropriateness Study of Lumbar Spine MRI Prescriptions Using RAND Appropriateness Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Yousefi Manesh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available MRI is a new and expensive diagnostic technology, which has been used increasingly all over the world. Low back pain is a worldwide prevalent disorder and MRI technique is one of the several ways to diagnose it. This paper aims to identify the appropriateness of lumbar spine MRI prescriptions in Shiraz teaching hospitals using standardized RAND Appropriateness Method (RAM criteria. Methods This study consisted of two phases. The first phase involved a qualitative enquiry and the second phase had a quantitative cross-sectional nature. In the first phase RAM was used for developing lumbar spine MRI indications and scenarios. In the second phase, the finalized scenarios were compared with the history and physical examination of 300 patients with low back pain. The rate of appropriateness of lumbar spine MRI prescription was then calculated. Results Of 300 cases of lumbar spine MRI prescriptions, approximately 167 (56% were considered inappropriate, 72 (24% were uncertain, and 61 (20% were deemed to be appropriate. The economic burden of inappropriate prescriptions was calculated at 88,009,000 Rials. In addition, the types of expertise and physical examination were considered as related factors to appropriateness of prescriptions. Conclusion In conclusion, a large proportion of lumbar spine MRI prescriptions, which result in financial burden on the insurance companies and the patients alike is unnecessary. This study suggests that policy makers consider this evidence while decision-making. Our findings highlight the imperative role of Health Technology Assessment (HTA and Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs. As a result, developing local clinical guidelines may create the commitment needed in physicians in prescribing appropriate prescriptions within the health sector. The study further recommends that appropriate scenarios should be considered as a criterion for payment and reimbursement.

  4. Detecting genomic regions associated with a disease using variability functions and Adjusted Rand Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makarenkov Vladimir

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The identification of functional regions contained in a given multiple sequence alignment constitutes one of the major challenges of comparative genomics. Several studies have focused on the identification of conserved regions and motifs. However, most of existing methods ignore the relationship between the functional genomic regions and the external evidence associated with the considered group of species (e.g., carcinogenicity of Human Papilloma Virus. In the past, we have proposed a method that takes into account the prior knowledge on an external evidence (e.g., carcinogenicity or invasivity of the considered organisms and identifies genomic regions related to a specific disease. Results and conclusion We present a new algorithm for detecting genomic regions that may be associated with a disease. Two new variability functions and a bipartition optimization procedure are described. We validate and weigh our results using the Adjusted Rand Index (ARI, and thus assess to what extent the selected regions are related to carcinogenicity, invasivity, or any other species classification, given as input. The predictive power of different hit region detection functions was assessed on synthetic and real data. Our simulation results suggest that there is no a single function that provides the best results in all practical situations (e.g., monophyletic or polyphyletic evolution, and positive or negative selection, and that at least three different functions might be useful. The proposed hit region identification functions that do not benefit from the prior knowledge (i.e., carcinogenicity or invasivity of the involved organisms can provide equivalent results than the existing functions that take advantage of such a prior knowledge. Using the new algorithm, we examined the Neisseria meningitidis FrpB gene product for invasivity and immunologic activity, and human papilloma virus (HPV E6 oncoprotein for carcinogenicity, and confirmed

  5. Ten principles of good interdisciplinary team work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nancarrow, Susan A; Booth, Andrew; Ariss, Steven; Smith, Tony; Enderby, Pam; Roots, Alison

    2013-05-10

    Interdisciplinary team work is increasingly prevalent, supported by policies and practices that bring care closer to the patient and challenge traditional professional boundaries. To date, there has been a great deal of emphasis on the processes of team work, and in some cases, outcomes. This study draws on two sources of knowledge to identify the attributes of a good interdisciplinary team; a published systematic review of the literature on interdisciplinary team work, and the perceptions of over 253 staff from 11 community rehabilitation and intermediate care teams in the UK. These data sources were merged using qualitative content analysis to arrive at a framework that identifies characteristics and proposes ten competencies that support effective interdisciplinary team work. Ten characteristics underpinning effective interdisciplinary team work were identified: positive leadership and management attributes; communication strategies and structures; personal rewards, training and development; appropriate resources and procedures; appropriate skill mix; supportive team climate; individual characteristics that support interdisciplinary team work; clarity of vision; quality and outcomes of care; and respecting and understanding roles. We propose competency statements that an effective interdisciplinary team functioning at a high level should demonstrate.

  6. Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Zelinka, Ivan; Rössler, Otto

    2014-01-01

    The book you hold in your hands is the outcome of the "ISCS 2013: Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems" held at the historical capital of Bohemia as a continuation of our series of symposia in the science of complex systems. Prague, one of the most beautiful European cities, has its own beautiful genius loci. Here, a great number of important discoveries were made and many important scientists spent fruitful and creative years to leave unforgettable traces. The perhaps most significant period was the time of Rudolf II who was a great supporter of the art and the science and attracted a great number of prominent minds to Prague. This trend would continue. Tycho Brahe, Niels Henrik Abel, Johannes Kepler, Bernard Bolzano, August Cauchy Christian Doppler, Ernst Mach, Albert Einstein and many others followed developing fundamental mathematical and physical theories or expanding them. Thus in the beginning of the 17th century, Kepler formulated here the first two of his three laws of planetary motion on ...

  7. Interdisciplinary studies and our practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olds, David D

    2006-01-01

    Why should psychoanalysts learn about neighboring disciplines? It is often argued that, although information from neuroscience, neuropsychology, evolutionary psychology, and other fields may be of interest to analysts, it has no real effect on their practice: on the way they listen, the way they react, or the way they treat their patients. A corollary of this position is that there is no reason to include such information in a psychoanalytic curriculum, since it does not help candidates become better analysts. Against this view, two reasons are advanced for the importance of interdisciplinary study. The more general reason is that it grounds psychoanalysis in the broader scientific world, reducing its isolation and inbred parochialism. This can help justify the discipline intellectually, possibly in advance of and independently of supportive research from within the field (e.g., outcome studies). The second reason is that our own minds, and particularly those of the generation now entering training, have been altered by changes in the scientific zeitgeist and we need to have some grasp of these changes. Finally, six examples of findings from other disciplines are presented that even now may be contributing to thinking about psychoanalytic practice.

  8. Entretelones de una "estética operatoria" Luis Juan Guerrero y Walter Benjamin

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    Luis Ignacio García

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ensaya una aproximación a la labor estético-filosófica del argentino Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957, a través de un cotejo de su temprana y productiva recepción de algunos aspectos centrales de la obra de Walter Benjamin. Se intenta mostrar que esta clave de lectura permite un acceso privilegiado a la labor de Guerrero, a la vez que ayuda a construir una imagen más compleja y matizada de la generación intelectual "antipositivista" a la que perteneció. La olvidada obra de Guerrero se compone principalmente de trabajos sobre ética, psicología y estética. Acotaremos nuestra atención a su principal trabajo, y acaso la obra sobre estética más ambiciosa jamás escrita en nuestro país: Estética Operatoria en sus Tres Direcciones. Se muestra en el artículo que la summa estética de Guerrero, si bien expresa con toda claridad las preocupaciones centrales de una generación intelectual marcada por la cultura alemana de entreguerras y por la problemática de la "crisis de la cultura", inscribe, a su vez, una anomalía -benjaminiana-, una inflexión político-materialista, que pone en cuestión la idea frecuente de que la "crisis de la cultura" una y otra vez diagnosticada en aquella época mostró siempre alternativas "espiritualistas" de resolución.This essay deals with the aesthetic-philosophical work of the Argentinean Luis Juan Guerrero (1899-1957, through a consideration of its early and fruitful reception of some central aspects of Walter Benjamin's work. It is shown that this perspective allows a privileged access to Guerrero's work, at the same time that it makes more complex the image of the "anti-positivistic" intellectual generation in Argentina. Guerrero's forgotten work includes principally contributions on ethics, psychology and aesthetics. This essay will pay attention only to his most important work, maybe the most ambitious aesthetic work ever written in Argentina: Operatory Aesthetics in its Three

  9. Teaching Bioethics from an Interdisciplinary Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton, Rivers, Jr.; Brock, D. Heyward

    1982-01-01

    Outlines an interdisciplinary workshop in bioethics for secondary teachers taught by a team consisting of a scientist, a philosopher, and a literary critic. Discusses definitions, topics, reading selections, problems, and value. (DC)

  10. Eliciting conceptual models to support interdisciplinary research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beers, P.J.; Bots, P.G.W.

    2009-01-01

    Constructing interdisciplinary knowledge is particularly difficult because scientific knowledge is situated in its discipline. Researchers must find common ground to share, and this causes high transaction costs. This article reports a method of conceptual analysis to elicit, analyse and compare

  11. Radiology: An interdisciplinary profession more than ever

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lissner, J.; Fenzl, G.; Gebauer, A.; Ingrisch, H.; Willich, N.

    1983-06-01

    The interdisciplinary character of Radiology emerges especially in those areas which are known as interventional Radiology. The most important methods are Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty, Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography, puncture and drainage of abscesses, extraction of intraluminal foreign bodies as well as therapeutical occlusion of vessels. Furthermore Nuclear Medicine emphasizes the interdisciplinary position e.g. the application of SPECT in the diagnoses and localization of disturbances of regional myocardial perfusion in coronary heart disease. Radiotherapy as a clinical discipline has an interdisciplinary character by the field of its application. In particular the new interstitial ways of therapy e.g. the insertion of J-125 Seeds into the prostate gland require a close cooperation between the urologic surgeon and the radiologists. The methods presented have increased the interdisciplinary position of radiology more than ever.

  12. [Walter Leitsch. Sigismund III. von Polen und Jan Zamoysky : die Rolle Estlands in der Rivalität zwischen König und Hetman] / Martin Faber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Faber, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Leitsch, Walter. Sigismund III. von Polen und Jan Zamoysky : die Rolle Estlands in der Rivalität zwischen König und Hetman. Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2006

  13. Business Case Analysis of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center Medical/Surgical Prime Vendor Generation III Service Level Electron Program

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Markot, Peter B

    2007-01-01

    ...) staffing and medical/surgical services offered under the Prime Vendor (PV) Generation III contract would provide the best supply chain management solution for Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC...

  14. Hydromagnetic thermosolutal instability of compressible walters' (model B' rotating fluid permeated with suspended particles in porous medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Rana

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The thermosolutal instability of compressible Walters' (model B' elastico-viscous rotating fluid permeated with suspended particles (fine dust in the presence of vertical magnetic field in porous medium is considered. By applying normal mode analysis method, the dispersion relation has been derived and solved analytically. It is observed that the rotation, magnetic field, suspended particles and viscoelasticity introduce oscillatory modes. For stationary convection the Walters' (model B' fluid behaves like an ordinary Newtonian fluid and it is observed that the rotation and stable solute gradient has stabilizing effects and suspended particles are found to have destabilizing effect on the system, whereas the medium permeability has stabilizing or destabilizing effect on the system under certain conditions. The magnetic field has destabilizing effect in the absence of rotation, whereas in the presence of rotation, magnetic field has stabilizing or destabilizing effect under certain conditions.

  15. Interdisciplinary approach for improved esthetic results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Sriram

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This clinical report describes an interdisciplinary (orthodontic, prosthodontics and operative dentist approach for the coordinated treatment of an adult patient diagnosed with severely mutilated dentition secondary to caries lesion warranting restorative procedures that was facilitated with orthodontic treatment. The patient′s specific esthetic expectation for the anterior teeth and improved smile were successfully met through planned treatment, including orthodontic tooth movement, restoration and porcelain conversion crowns. Such coordinated interdisciplinary evaluations and treatment are necessary for improved esthetics.

  16. Library amd information studies interdisciplinary practice in Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... and motivations for interdisciplinary academic offerings, trends towards interdisciplinary LIS curricula, and challenges of interdisciplinary academic programmes. My ultimate purpose is to inform policy, theory and practice in the design and implementation of LIS interdisciplinary academic programmes in Africa. Innovation ...

  17. De l’unité des arts comme résistance : The Claims of Decorative Art de Walter Crane

    OpenAIRE

    Cases, Isabelle

    2015-01-01

    Though Walter Crane is very famous for his illustrations, his work as a theoretician is sometimes overlooked. Strongly influenced by John Ruskin and William Morris, Walter Crane developed the idea of the unity of art as an essential condition for a rewarding artistic production and a satisfactory social life. In The Claims of Decorative Art, a collection of essays, he successfully mixed a presentation of architecture and the decorative arts influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement with a sh...

  18. Diabetes Care and Treatment Project: A Diabetes Institute of Walter Reed Health Care System and Joslin Telemedicine Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    the potential to bring the highest quality care to all patients with diabetes. The JVN Telehealth program is a web-based interactive telemedicine ... telehealth network demonstration project. Telemedicine Journal and e-Health 2003, 9: 13-23. 48.Feil EG, Glasgow RE, Boles S, McKay HG. Who...Diabetes Institute of Walter Reed Health Care System and Joslin Telemedicine Initiative PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Robert A

  19. Diabetes Care and Treatment Project: A Diabetes Institute of the Walter Reed Health Care System and Joslin Telemedicine Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-09

    highest quality care to all patients with diabetes. The JVN Telehealth program is a web-based interactive telemedicine application that can...Outcomes of an integrated telehealth network demonstration project. Telemedicine Journal and e-Health 2003, 9: 13-23. 48.Feil EG, Glasgow RE...the Walter Reed Health Care System and Joslin Telemedicine Initiative PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Robert A. Vigersky, COL MC CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION

  20. Interdisciplinary Adventures in Perceptual Ecology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocast, Christopher S.

    A portfolio dissertation that began as acoustic ecology and matured into perceptual ecology, centered on ecomusicology, bioacoustics, and translational audio-based media works with environmental perspectives. The place of music in Western eco-cosmology through time provides a basis for structuring an environmental history of human sound perception. That history suggests that music may stabilize human mental activity, and that an increased musical practice may be essential for the human project. An overview of recent antecedents preceding the emergence of acoustic ecology reveals structural foundations from 20th century culture that underpin modern sound studies. The contextual role that Aldo Leopold, Jacob von Uexkull, John Cage, Marshall McLuhan, and others played in anticipating the development of acoustic ecology as an interdiscipline is detailed. This interdisciplinary aspect of acoustic ecology is defined and defended, while new developments like soundscape ecology are addressed, though ultimately sound studies will need to embrace a broader concept of full-spectrum "sensory" or "perceptual" ecology. The bioacoustic fieldwork done on spawning sturgeon emphasized this necessity. That study yielded scientific recordings and spectrographic analyses of spawning sounds produced by lake sturgeon, Acipenser fulvescens, during reproduction in natural habitats in the Lake Winnebago watershed in Wisconsin. Recordings were made on the Wolf and Embarrass River during the 2011-2013 spawning seasons. Several specimens were dissected to investigate possible sound production mechanisms; no sonic musculature was found. Drumming sounds, ranging from 5 to 7 Hz fundamental frequency, verified the infrasonic nature of previously undocumented "sturgeon thunder". Other characteristic noises of sturgeon spawning including low-frequency rumbles and hydrodynamic sounds were identified. Intriguingly, high-frequency signals resembling electric organ discharges were discovered. These

  1. Interdisciplinary Science in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, L. M.; Lopresti, V. C.; Papali, P.

    1993-05-01

    The practice of science is by its very nature interdisciplinary. Most school curricula, however, present science as a "layer cake" with one year each of biology, chemistry, earth science, and physics. Students are too often left with a fragmented, disjointed view of the sciences as separate and distinct bodies of information. The continuity of scientific thought and the importance of major ideas such as energy, rates of change, and the nature of matter are not seen. We describe two efforts to integrate the sciences in a middle school curriculum and in an introductory science course for prospective elementary teachers. Introductory physical science for eighth graders at the Park School has three major units: "Observing the Sky", "The Nature of Matter", and "The Nature of Light". The course moves from simple naked-eye observations of the Sun and Moon to an understanding of the apparent motions of the Sun and of the Earth's seasons. In "The Nature of Matter", students construct operational definitions of characteristic properties of matter such as density, boiling point, solubility, and flame color. They design and perform many experiments and conclude by separating a mixture of liquids and solids by techniques such as distillation and fractional crystallization. In studying flame tests, students learn that different materials have different color "signatures" and that the differences can be quantified with a spectroscope. They then observe solar absorption lines with their spectroscopes and discover which elements are present in the Sun. Teachers of young children are potentially some of the most powerful allies in increasing our country's scientific literacy, yet most remain at best uneasy about science. At Wheelock College we are designing a course to be called "Introduction to Natural Science" for elementary education majors. We will address special needs of many in this population, including science anxiety and poor preparation in mathematics. A broad conceptual

  2. Educação e infância em alguns escritos de Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Helena Schlesener

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende refletir sobre alguns escritos de Walter Benjamin sobre educação e infância, expressos também na obra Infância em Berlim por volta de 1900. Benjamin coloca em questão a educação burguesa e suas práticas e reflete sobre o imaginário da criança. Relacionando percepção e conceito, Benjamin apresenta conceitos que inserem a educação no contexto da filosofia da historia. O artigo visa a acentuar a originalidade de um autor que, no contexto da sociedade europeia de 1920 até sua morte por suicídio em 1940, colocou relevantes questões sobre educação e sugeriu novos paradigmas de interpretação, conforme a afirmação de Benjamin, método de montagem, como um mosaico ou uma constelação.

  3. Youth and pedagogy (On the genesis of the thought of Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís BALLESTER BRAGE

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors analyze the 16 early writings that W. Benjamin wrote between the ages of 19 and 23, all of which relate to educative matters, and where the decisive influence of G. Wyneken is shown. The issues that the young Walter Benjamin addresses are also studied, such as idealism and youth culture, the necessity of reform in schools and universities and also in moral, aesthetic and religious education as well as in juvenile sexuality. However, the most important thing is that in these works one can find the constants that characterize the rest of his production, such as his individualism, his obsession with his own childhood experiences, his contradictions and thematic transitions, his interest in aesthetics and art, the complexity of his work, his agnosticism and his consideration of Judaism as a cultural element, and above all his critical sense and his vocation for criticism which starts to become evident. Somehow in these articles of educative content one can discover many of the constants of what will be the subsequent work of this author.

  4. Genetic Drift. The ancient Egyptian dwarfs of the Walters Art Museum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozma, Chahira

    2010-10-01

    The ancient Egyptians left an impressive artistic legacy documenting many aspects of their society including the existence of dwarfs as highly valued members. In previous publications in the Journal, I discussed dwarfs and skeletal dysplasia in ancient Egypt. In this study, I examined the ancient Egyptian representations of dwarfs of the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland. One of the highlights of the collection is a group of five ivory figurines from Predynastic Times (pre 3500-3100 BCE) depicting a couple, a man with a child, and two females. Representations from other periods include ordinary as well as dwarf deities. The dwarf gods, Bes and Ptah, are frequently depicted holding or biting snakes or standing on crocodiles symbolizing their ability to ward off dangers. A couple of statuettes from the Greco-Roman Period that, in contrast to earlier Egyptian Periods, depict harsh physical anomalies, twisted bodies, and facial pain. The artistic impression can be interpreted as either tragic or humorous. The grotesque depiction of dwarfs during the Greco-Roman Period in ancient Egypt is believed to be due to a greater infusion of Hellenistic influence. This study provides a microcosm of the legacy of dwarfs in ancient Egypt and supports the premise that dwarfs were accepted and integrated in the ancient Egyptian society, and with a few exceptions, their disorder was not depicted as a physical handicap. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. WALTER BENJAMIN E AS CIDADES: CHOQUE, VIVÊNCIA E MEMÓRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Barci Castriota

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available A realidade contemporânea parece marcada pela “estetização”, que perpassaria todas as esferas do vivido, chegando a própria realidade, no limi- te, a ser percebida como um “construto estético”. Ao procurar explicar esse fenômeno, o filósofo alemão Wolfgang Welsch argumenta que essa hiperes- tetização da realidade corresponderia a uma necessidade insaciável de se ter cada vez mais “vivências” (Erlebnisse, estando o mundo sendo crescente- mente transformado num “espaço de vivências” (Erlebnisraum. Ao tomar esse caminho explicativo, Welsch nos remete a uma discussão tradicional no pensamento alemão, muito bem representada pela abordagem de Walter Benjamin (1893-1940, que relaciona a temática da vivência às mudanças trazidas pela modernidade aos domínios da percepção, da recepção da arte e da própria memória.

  6. DESPERTAR DEL SUEÑO: WALTER BENJAMIN Y EL PROBLEMA DEL SHOCK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Vespucci

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende analizar la noción de shock como una puerta de acceso a la obra de Walter Benjamin. A través de la exploración de algunos de sus escritos más originales (tales como «La obra de arte en la época de su reproductibilidad técnica», las «Tesis de filosofía de la historia», el Libro de los Pasajes, entre otros y sobre la base de una selección de ensayos acerca de su obra, intentaremos capturar la productividad analítica del concepto con el fin de poder iluminar su función operativa (filosófica y política, en el tratamiento que Benjamin realiza sobre una variedad de temas como el arte, la cultura, el capitalismo, la reproducción técnica y la experiencia del sujeto moderno.

  7. The Paradoxical Effect of the Documentary in Walter Salles’s Central do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia M. Tompkins

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the fusion between the conventions of the documentary and fiction films in Walter Salles’s Central do Brasil (1998, tracing this synergy back to the impact of the documentary and Neorealism on the New Latin American Cinema and Cinema Novo , its Brazilian counterpart. After acknowledging Alberto Cavalcanti’s role in the development of British documentary and cinema in Brazil, this text examines Salles’s film in terms of Juliane Burton’s typology of the observational mode. Particular attention is given to Bill Nichols’s work on the textual conventions shared by the observational documentary and fiction films. The affective impact, which Nichols foregrounds, is reinforced by applying Gilles Deleuze’s views on the close-up. This article concludes by noting the intertextual reverberations between Central do Brasil and Cinema Novo , a phenomenon typical of the mid-1990’s revival of Brazilian cinema, which would come to be defined as Cinema da Retomada .

  8. Time-of-travel and dispersion studies, Lehigh River, Francis E. Walter Lake to Easton, Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, C.D.

    1983-01-01

    Results of time-of-travel and dispersion studies are presented for the 77.0 mile reach of the Lehigh River from Francis E. Walter Lake to Easton, Pennsylvania. Rhodamine WT dye was injected at several points for a variety of several common flow conditions and its downstream travel was monitored at a number of downstream points by means of a fluorometer. Time-of-travel data have been related to stream discharge, distance along the river channel and dispersion. If 2.205 pounds of a conservative water soluble contaminant were accidentally spilled into the Lehigh River at Penn Haven Junction at Black Creek 6.09 miles downstream from Rockport, Pennsylvania, when the discharge at Walnutport, Pennsylvania, was 600 cubic feet per second, the leading edge, peak, and trailing edge of the contaminant would arrive 31.6 miles downstream at the Northhampton, Pennsylvania, water intakes 45, 54, and 66 hours later, respectively. The maximum concentration expected at the intakes would be about 1.450 micrograms per liter. From data and relations presented, time-of-travel and maximum concentration estimates can be made for any two points within the reach. (USGS)

  9. Saturnine Vision and the Question of Difference: Reflections on Walter Benjamin's Theory of Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolphe Gasché

    1986-09-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin's writings do not owe their intelligibility to their indebtedness to one or more specific brands of philosophical thought, but to Benjamin's primary concern with the most elementary distinctions of philosophy itself. Chief among these distinctions is that of philosophical thought itself, or the difference it makes with respect to the realms of nature, myth, or the appearances. By focusing on the notions of "communicability" and "translatability," philosophical difference, for Benjamin, shall be shown to rest on structures within the language of man and art that aim at breaking through language's mythical interconnectedness, its weblike quality, its textuality, toward the absolute Other of divine language. Yet, the fundamental philosophical law not to mix genres or realms, as well as the transcending power of philosophical difference, because it remains caught in what it seeks to transgress, are dependent, as far as their success is concerned, on the ultimate justification by the (theological difference of the absolute Other of divine language. It is, however, not in the power of philosophy to secure all by itself this necessary legitimation.

  10. Walter Benjamin, Marcel Proust e a questão do sadismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernani Chaves

    Full Text Available O presente texto procura analisar a interpretação que Walter Benjamin faz da questão do sadismo na Recherche, de Marcel Proust, a partir das referências explícitas de Benjamin ao Além do princípio do prazer. Afastando-se tanto de uma interpretação “psicobiográfica” como da própria idéia proustiana de sadismo, Benjamin, recorrendo a Freud, pode oferecer uma interpretação tão instigante quanto complexa de uma das obras de literatura mais importantes e mais comentadas do nosso século. Nesta perspectiva, o que a interpretação de Benjamin destaca não são as famosas cenas de sadismo da Recherche, mas a “curiosidade” insaciável e, no limite, sadomasoquista, do “narrador”. Transpondo tal interpretação para o campo da análise da cultura, Benjamin acaba por revelar os traços radicais da crítica social em Proust: a “pulsão de morte” como organizadora das relações sociais na sociedade capitalista.

  11. Making interdisciplinary education effective for rehabilitation students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, J; Tryssenaar, J

    1994-01-01

    Interdisciplinary education has been recommended as a way of preparing students for team practice after graduation. There is debate in the literature over the best way to implement interdisciplinary education sessions, and many factors can influence their effectiveness. This paper is a case description report of a pilot project developed to promote interdisciplinary learning. The Northern Studies Stream of McMaster University's School of Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy in Ontario, Canada developed a project that combined students from the occupational therapy and physiotherapy programs for small group tutorials held during clinical placements. The project incorporated suggestions from the literature in order to encourage cooperation and interdisciplinary learning. Participants were mature, second-degree students with similar levels of clinical experience. The sessions were a required part of the academic course, but were ungraded. Tutorials focused on issues relevant to clinical practice for both groups and were facilitated by faculty from both professions. Evaluation was positive, suggesting student characteristics (eg, level of experience and maturity) and session design features that may be helpful in planning future interdisciplinary education experiences.

  12. Un taccuino a forma di strada. Su "Einbahnstrasse" di Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pier Giovanni Adamo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La poetica di F. Schlegel ha realizzato una storicizzazione della teoria dei generi letterari sostituendo alla dicotomia del classicismo tra forma e contenuto una distinzione tra forma e spirito, secondo cui i materiali linguistico-tematici rappresentano i precipitati di quest’ultimo. Riprendendo questa intuizione di P. Szondi, potremmo affermare che, nella modernità letteraria, l’ibridazione è il processo di transizione dei materiali attraverso le forme. Un’opera tanto esemplare quanto strutturalmente rilevante, nell’orizzonte dell’ibridazione, è Einbahnstraße di Walter Benjamin, dove i materiali più disparati sono combinati a modellare una forma innovativa. Vi si mescolano stilemi della poesia in prosa, narrazione diaristica, (antimetodo surrealista, satira e intuizioni filosofiche. L’unicità, d’altra parte, risiede innanzitutto nell’essenza metacritica del procedimento organizzativo del libro: il frammentismo sistematico è un’applicazione pratica della teoria allegorica del montaggio, descritta nell’Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels. Il saggio si propone di leggere il testo come «un taccuino a forma di strada», anche per indagarne il valore di prologo al Passagenwerk, nato dall’avida lettura del Paysan de Paris di Aragon: istituisce un confronto per rilevare, nell’affinità di fondo, la  diversità di approccio tra il pensatore tedesco e il surrealismo, distinguendo tecniche di assemblaggio e ruolo dell’immaginario nell’uso di pubblicità e altri oggetti metropolitani. L’intenzione di una simile analisi di Einbahnstraße è dimostrare che Benjamin combina modelli letterari (Baudelaire, Proust, Kraus su tutti con i nuovi linguaggi artistici e le strategie discorsive della stampa per creare un’«immagine dialettica» dell’esistenza nel XX secolo.Friedrich Schlegel’s poetics realized a historicisation of literary genres theory by replacing classicist dichotomy between form and content with a

  13. Walter Baade, Dynamical Astronomer at Goettingen, Hamburg, Mount Wilson, and Palomar Observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.

    2002-09-01

    Walter Baade, famous for his astrophysical discoveries, also made many contributions in dynamical astronomy. His thesis at Goettingen University on the spectroscopic orbit of β Lyrae was based on spectrograms his teacher, Johannes Hartmann, had taken at Potsdam years earlier. Immediately on receiving his Ph.D. in 1919, Baade joined the Hamburg Bergedorf Observatory staff, and soon was the sole observer with its 1-m reflector, the largest telescope in Europe. Under its director, Richard Schorr, Baade's main job at first was to obtain direct plates of asteroids and comets for positional measurements. As an incidental part of this observing he discovered many asteroids, eight of which were eventually named, including 966 Muschi (his wife's nickname), 944 Hidalgo, with large orbital semi-major axis, eccentricity, and inclination, and 1036 Ganymed, whose orbit extends inside that of Mars. Baade also discovered a new comet, 1922 II. During the close approach of Eros in 1930 Baade measured its period of light variation, its color, and its mean magnitude. After Pluto was discovered in 1930 he measured its position assiduously, following it as far from opposition as he could. In 1931 Baade moved to Mount Wilson, where he concentrated almost entirely on globular-cluster, supernova, and galaxy research. He saw many asteroid trails on his long exposures but did not report them except for one, 7448 (still not named), which showed a very long trail on a 3-hr exposure of the Crab nebula. At Palomar, using the 48-in Schmidt soon after it went into operation, he dicovered and reported 1566 Icarus, with a very small perihelion distance, and later his second comet, 1955 VI.

  14. Big Data and : Walter Lippmann and the fallacy of data privacy self-management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan A Obar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1927, Walter Lippmann published The Phantom Public , denouncing the ‘mystical fallacy of democracy.’ Decrying romantic democratic models that privilege self-governance, he writes: “I have not happened to meet anybody, from a President of the United States to a professor of political science, who came anywhere near to embodying the accepted ideal of the sovereign and omnicompetent citizen.” Almost 90 years later, Lippmann’s pragmatism is as relevant as ever, and should be applied in new contexts where similar self-governance concerns persist. This paper does just that, repurposing Lippmann’s argument in the context of the ongoing debate over the role of the digital citizen in Big Data management. It is argued that proposals by the Federal Trade Commission, the White House and the US Congress, championing failed notice and choice privacy policy, perpetuate a self-governance fallacy comparable to Lippmann’s, referred to here as the fallacy of data privacy self-management . Even if the digital citizen had the faculties and the system for data privacy self-management, the digital citizen has little time for data governance. We desire the freedom to pursue the ends of digital production, without being inhibited by the means. We want privacy, and safety, but cannot complete all that is required for its protection. If it is true that the fallacy of democracy is similar to the fallacy of data privacy self-management, then perhaps the pragmatic solution is representative data management : a combination of non/for-profit digital dossier management via infomediaries that can ensure the protection of personal data, while freeing individuals from what Lippmann referred to as an ‘unattainable ideal.’

  15. Exosemiotics: an inter-disciplinary approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Mary L.

    2000-06-01

    Over the past several hundred years, many ideas have been expressed as to how human beings might communicate with extraterrestrials. These ideas have been put forth by experts from a diverse range of fields including physical scientists, mathematicians, behavioral scientists, philosophers and creative writers who have widely differing views on how to express ourselves coherently with civilizations from other worlds. This paper will look at some of these differing viewpoints and stress the need for an inter-disciplinary approach to the challenges of sending and, perhaps most important, receiving messages. Could we decipher a message if we got one? Who is doing the listening and what advantages could an inter-disciplinary approach bring to these efforts? What are some inter-disciplinary approaches to sending messages to extraterrestrials?

  16. Notas sobre Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin e a Paris do Segundo Império: pontos de contato Notes on Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin and Second Empire Paris: affinity points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Jordão Machado

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de mostrar a originalidade crítica de Siegfried Kracauer diante da experiência da modernidade estética e de discutir as afinidades estético-teóricas de Kracauer e Benjamim ao analisar a Paris da segunda metade do século XIX, o Segundo Império, em particular, como fenômeno originário da sociedade de massas, da indústria cultural e do entretenimento e, sobretudo, do nazi-fascismo. Kracauer durante seu exílio parisiense (1933-41 escreveu uma "biografia da sociedade": Jacques Offenbach e a Paris de sua época (Jacques Offenbach und das Paris seiner Zeit. Obra inovadora pelo seu enfoque da história do presente e com pontos de contatos com a Obra das Passagens (Passagen-Werk ou Paris capital do século XIX de Walter Benjamin.I present Kracauer's original critical analysis of aesthetic modernity, and discuss the theoretical and aesthetic affinities between Kracauer and Walter Benjamin in their analyses of Paris during the second half of the Twentieth Century; the Second Empire as the original embodiment of mass society, with its cultural and entertaining industries; and, above all, the emergence of fascism and National Socialism. During his Parisian exile (1933-1941, Kracauer wrote a "social biography": Orpheus in Paris: Offenbach and the Paris of His Time (New York, 1938, an innovative work with many affinity points with Walter Benjamin's The Work of the Arcades, or Paris as the Capital of the XIXth Century.

  17. Crime in media: an interdisciplinary research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Palma Wolff

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses conceptual issues that present problems for interdisciplinary research - criminality and urban space; the transversal aspects of violence - developed by researchers from diff erent fi elds: communications, psychology and social services. Highlighted in this work, above all, are questions related to the media and journalism; which constitute one of the axes of the proposal (media, growing juvenile component of criminality, drugs and social control but are inevitably interconnected with the others due to the interdisciplinary force of the initiative. It is argued that the processes of report construction, the subject agenda and consumption of the news constitute complex semioses that involve other semiotic systems.

  18. Music and physics: a cultural, interdisciplinary history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Myles W

    2008-06-01

    This essay investigates the triangular exchange among physicists, musicians, and instrument makers in nineteenth-century Germany by proffering a material, cultural, and interdisciplinary history. It does so by analyzing four concrete examples of such exchanges: the relationship between musical automata and virtuosi, the reed pipe as an object of music and scientific measurement, the history of standardizing performance pitch, and the attempts to measure musical virtuosity. The goal of the essay is to suggest ways in which interdisciplinary cultural histories, which take the scientific content seriously, can be an improvement upon purely disciplinary histories.

  19. Personal Professional Reflection as Interdisciplinary Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rezvan Oksana

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Consideration of professional reflection as interdisciplinary problem is the necessary condition of quality analysis for personal professional becoming. Personal becoming in a profession is related to forming the necessary professional skills of a person, behaviour stereotypes which is the area of pedagogics. Reflection processes are inalienable part of self-knowledge of a person which result must lead to his self-perfection (including professional one and studying within the psychology increasingly. Thus the aim of the article is to ground the determination of professional reflection as an interdisciplinary problem in pedagogics and psychology.

  20. Humanity in God's Image: An Interdisciplinary Exploration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welz, Claudia

    . Claudia Welz offers an interdisciplinary exploration of theological and ethical 'visions' of the invisible. By analysing poetry and art, Welz exemplifies human self-understanding in the interface between the visual and the linguistic. The content of the imago Dei cannot be defined apart from the image......How can we, in our times, understand the biblical concept that human beings have been created in the image of an invisible God? This is a perennial but increasingly pressing question that lies at the heart of theological anthropology. Humanity in God's Image: An Interdisciplinary Exploration...

  1. Sex on television and its impact on american youth: background and results from the RAND Television and Adolescent Sexuality study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Rebecca L

    2005-07-01

    Many policy makers and parents have called for stricter regulation of television, fearing that the sexual content in this medium spurs adolescent sexual activity. Media theory and research over the last few decades are consistent with this notion but fall short of answering the question of whether television content is causally related to adolescent sexual behavior. This article briefly reviews this earlier work and discusses the results of several new studies based on the RAND Television and Adolescent Sexuality data set. Practitioners should discuss television use and television portrayals of sex with adolescents, and help youth to identity and avoid any adverse effects the media might have on their sexual development and sexual behavior.

  2. El concepto de infancia de Walter Kohan en el marco de la invención de una escuela popular.

    OpenAIRE

    Duran, Maximiliano

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo se propone pensar el concepto de infancia propuesto por Walter Kohan como una condición de posibilidad para la creación de un concepto de escuela diferente al tradicional. Para ello realizamos una presentación crítica de la imagen de infancia propuesta por el autor y una contraposición con la visión tradicional de la infancia y de la escuela. Luego de evaluar los límites y alcances de la idea pensada por Kohan en el marco de la institución escolar, proponemos la creación ...

  3. O brincar e a invenção do mundo em Walter Benjamin e Donald Winnicott

    OpenAIRE

    Sekkel, Marie Claire

    2016-01-01

    Resumo O presente estudo tem como tema central o brincar, e parte do pressuposto de sua importância fundamental para o desenvolvimento do indivíduo e da cultura. Trata-se de uma pesquisa teórica cujo objetivo é a discussão e articulação do conceito de brincadeira em Walter Benjamin e Donald Winnicott. Parte-se da introdução ao pensamento de Winnicott para em seguida colocá-lo em diálogo com algumas ideias de Benjamin sobre o brincar. Ambos os autores destacam a importância da brincadeira na c...

  4. Walter Chatton y Adam of Wodeham : dos perspectivas medievales funcionalistas sobre la naturaleza de algunos estados mentales

    OpenAIRE

    Gamboa, Lydia Deni

    2015-01-01

    En este artículo tenemos como objetivo mostrar que, por una parte, en oposición a la teoría de William of Ockham, las teorías de Walter Chatton y Adam of Wodeham convienen con la doctrina contemporánea según la cual los estados mentales son estados funcionales de un cierto tipo. Por otra parte, en este artículo queremos revelar que aquellas teorías medievales que podemos llamar funcionalistas fundamentan una perspectiva económica med...

  5. Lebans, Handman, McDonald, and Lurie Receive 2009 Walter Sullivan Award for Excellence in Science Journalism-Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Andrew J.; Handman, Jim

    2009-07-01

    Jim Lebans, Jim Handman, Bob McDonald, and Zerah Lurie of the Canadian Broadcsting Corporation (CBC) Radio's Quirks & Quarks program received the Walter Sullivan Award at the Joint Assembly, held 26 May 2009 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Lebans, Handman, McDonald, and Lurie were honored for “Canada 2050: Our Future in a Changing Climate,” an eight-part, audio portrait of Canada after 4 decades of expected climate change, depicted through the words of Canadian scientists at the forefront of predicting climate, ecological, and societal transformations.

  6. Fases da história da fotografia e a questão da aura, segundo Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando José Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda as fases da história da fotografia propostas por Walter Benjamin, no ensaio Pequena História da Fotografia, e discute as transformações que atingiram a obra de arte na modernidade, à luz do conceito de aura. A periodização estabelecida por Benjamin - apogeu, declínio, revitalização - é ilustrada com trabalhos dos fotógrafos referidos pelo autor no texto em que visa à “compreensão real da essência da arte fotográfica”.

  7. Development and validation of Australian aphasia rehabilitation best practice statements using the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, Emma; Thomas, Emma; Worrall, Linda; Rose, Miranda; Togher, Leanne; Nickels, Lyndsey; Hersh, Deborah; Godecke, Erin; O'Halloran, Robyn; Lamont, Sue; O'Connor, Claire; Clarke, Kim

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To develop and validate a national set of best practice statements for use in post-stroke aphasia rehabilitation. Design Literature review and statement validation using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method (RAM). Participants A national Community of Practice of over 250 speech pathologists, researchers, consumers and policymakers developed a framework consisting of eight areas of care in aphasia rehabilitation. This framework provided the structure for the development of a care pathway containing aphasia rehabilitation best practice statements. Nine speech pathologists with expertise in aphasia rehabilitation participated in two rounds of RAND/UCLA appropriateness ratings of the statements. Panellists consisted of researchers, service managers, clinicians and policymakers. Main outcome measures Statements that achieved a high level of agreement and an overall median score of 7–9 on a nine-point scale were rated as ‘appropriate’. Results 74 best practice statements were extracted from the literature and rated across eight areas of care (eg, receiving the right referrals, providing intervention). At the end of Round 1, 71 of the 74 statements were rated as appropriate, no statements were rated as inappropriate, and three statements were rated as uncertain. All 74 statements were then rated again in the face-to-face second round. 16 statements were added through splitting existing items or adding new statements. Seven statements were deleted leaving 83 statements. Agreement was reached for 82 of the final 83 statements. Conclusions This national set of 82 best practice statements across eight care areas for the rehabilitation of people with aphasia is the first to be validated by an expert panel. These statements form a crucial component of the Australian Aphasia Rehabilitation Pathway (AARP) (http://www.aphasiapathway.com.au) and provide the basis for more consistent implementation of evidence-based practice in stroke rehabilitation. PMID:26137883

  8. A simulation based approach to optimize inventory replenishment with RAND algorithm: An extended study of corrected demand using Holt's method for textile industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morshed, Mohammad Sarwar; Kamal, Mostafa Mashnoon; Khan, Somaiya Islam

    2016-07-01

    Inventory has been a major concern in supply chain and numerous researches have been done lately on inventory control which brought forth a number of methods that efficiently manage inventory and related overheads by reducing cost of replenishment. This research is aimed towards providing a better replenishment policy in case of multi-product, single supplier situations for chemical raw materials of textile industries in Bangladesh. It is assumed that industries currently pursue individual replenishment system. The purpose is to find out the optimum ideal cycle time and individual replenishment cycle time of each product for replenishment that will cause lowest annual holding and ordering cost, and also find the optimum ordering quantity. In this paper indirect grouping strategy has been used. It is suggested that indirect grouping Strategy outperforms direct grouping strategy when major cost is high. An algorithm by Kaspi and Rosenblatt (1991) called RAND is exercised for its simplicity and ease of application. RAND provides an ideal cycle time (T) for replenishment and integer multiplier (ki) for individual items. Thus the replenishment cycle time for each product is found as T×ki. Firstly, based on data, a comparison between currently prevailing (individual) process and RAND is provided that uses the actual demands which presents 49% improvement in total cost of replenishment. Secondly, discrepancies in demand is corrected by using Holt's method. However, demands can only be forecasted one or two months into the future because of the demand pattern of the industry under consideration. Evidently, application of RAND with corrected demand display even greater improvement. The results of this study demonstrates that cost of replenishment can be significantly reduced by applying RAND algorithm and exponential smoothing models.

  9. Enriching Social Work through Interdisciplinary Disability Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Irene; Quaglia, Christine; Leslie, Donald

    2010-01-01

    This paper recommends that faculties of Social Work incorporate Disability Studies in their curriculum by embracing its interdisciplinary deconstructionist perspective. Disability Studies encourages Social Work to move beyond person-in--the-environment and anti-oppressive approaches to find more effective ways of removing barriers for persons with…

  10. The Promise and Pragmatism of Interdisciplinary Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stumpf, Steve H.; Clark, Judith Z.

    1999-01-01

    Barriers to interdisciplinary teamwork in allied health education include loss of revenue, schedule conflicts, differences in degree level, identity and status protection, and content control issues. Ways to foster teamwork include all-inclusive cross-enrollment, web-based curricula, and hiring of faculty across disciplinary lines. (SK)

  11. An Interdisciplinary Study in Initial Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larraz Rada, Virginia; Yáñez de Aldecoa, Cristina; Gisbert Cervera, Mercè; Espuny Vidal, Cinta

    2014-01-01

    This experiment of innovative university education shows the interdisciplinary work carried out in the studies of the Bachelor of Science in Education at the University of Andorra. The study was developed within two subjects: Communication Technology (TAC) and Cultural Heritage Education in Andorra. The main objective of this experiment is to…

  12. Building Interdisciplinary Research Models Through Interactive Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hessels, Amanda J; Robinson, Brian; O'Rourke, Michael; Begg, Melissa D; Larson, Elaine L

    2015-12-01

    Critical interdisciplinary research skills include effective communication with diverse disciplines and cultivating collaborative relationships. Acquiring these skills during graduate education may foster future interdisciplinary research quality and productivity. The project aim was to develop and evaluate an interactive Toolbox workshop approach within an interprofessional graduate level course to enhance student learning and skill in interdisciplinary research. We sought to examine the student experience of integrating the Toolbox workshop in modular format over the duration of a 14-week course. The Toolbox Health Sciences Instrument includes six modules that were introduced in a 110-minute dialogue session during the first class and then integrated into the course in a series of six individual workshops in three phases over the course of the semester. Seventeen students participated; the majority were nursing students. Three measures were used to assess project outcomes: pre-post intervention Toolbox survey, competency self-assessment, and a postcourse survey. All measures indicated the objectives were met by a change in survey responses, improved competencies, and favorable experience of the Toolbox modular intervention. Our experience indicates that incorporating this Toolbox modular approach into research curricula can enhance individual level scientific capacity, future interdisciplinary research project success, and ultimately impact on practice and policy. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. The voice clinic: an interdisciplinary approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rammage, L A; Nichol, H; Morrison, M D

    1983-10-01

    The University of British Columbia Voice Clinic provides care to patients with various types of voice disorder, and the effectiveness of therapy is enhanced by an interdisciplinary approach. The Voice Clinic team includes an otolaryngologist, speech pathologist, psychiatrist, and singing teacher consultant. This paper particularly highlights the interactions between the speech pathologist and psychiatrist in their therapy programs for voice disordered patients.

  14. Three Interdisciplinary Studies on IT Outsourcing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gantman, Sonia Vilvovsky

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation provides interdisciplinary insights into the role of client's internal collaborative experience in managing communication during a complex outsourced project, building a quality client-vendor relationship and ultimately achieving success in the project. Each of the three studies in this dissertation identifies a gap in…

  15. Exploring Interdisciplinary Themes in Introductory Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchey, Kristin A.; Bott, Jennifer P.

    2010-01-01

    We describe a method for helping introductory psychology students identify interdisciplinary connections among 5 social science disciplines. Pre- and posttest data assessed 359 undergraduates' understanding of psychology's relation to other fields. Results indicate the method is effective and provides one way for individual instructors to address…

  16. Media Theory: A Framework for Interdisciplinary Conversations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinstein, Geoffrey

    As the field of media studies progresses it moves with increasing fluency and fluidity among the disciplines, and the patterns of relationship that adhere in these dynamics hint at what the disciplines have to say to each other in general. For media studies to exercise a significant impulse toward holism and interdisciplinary synthesis, a model is…

  17. Anesthesia: A Topic for Interdisciplinary Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labianca, Dominick A.; Reeves, William J.

    1977-01-01

    Describes an interdisciplinary approach for teaching the topic of anesthesia as one aspect of a chemistry-oriented course for nonscience majors which focuses on timely topics such as the energy crisis and drugs. Historical treatment with the examination of literature is emphasized in teaching. (HM)

  18. Restorative and orthodontic interdisciplinary management of an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fixed bridge prosthesis, implant-retained crowns or removable dentures were the treatment options for tooth replacement. Due to ... designed for the patient in this study is a typical example of interdisciplinary management by the restorative dentist and the orthodontist to give appropriate care to the adult orthodontic patient.

  19. Interdisciplinary Approach: A Lever to Business Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razmak, Jamil; Bélanger, Charles H.

    2016-01-01

    The advances in interdisciplinary studies are driving universities to utilize their available resources to efficiently enable development processes and provide increasing examples of research while gradually allocating the disciplines' resources. Ultimately, this trend asks universities to provide a platform of integrated disciplines, along with…

  20. Using smartphones to improve interdisciplinary collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown-Manhertz, Durline

    2017-04-16

    Most individuals in the United States have access to and use smartphones to facilitate effective collaboration. Health information technology is invaluable to the improvement of collaboration and communication in the healthcare setting. The versatile nature of technology has demonstrated that healthcare professionals are dependent on its use. Smartphones play a key role in keeping interdisciplinary team members connected.

  1. Thoughts about multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fawcett, Jacqueline

    2013-10-01

    This essay focuses on multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary research. The definitions and objectives for these three types of multiple discipline research are given. Discussion centers on the gains and losses that may be experienced by individual nurses who engage in such research, as well as gains and losses for the discipline of nursing.

  2. Identifying Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration in Instructional Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Yonjoo

    2017-01-01

    Interdisciplinarity is defined as communication and collaboration across academic disciplines. The instructional technology (IT) field has claimed to have an interdisciplinary nature influenced by neighboring fields such as psychology, communication, and management. However, it has been difficult to find outstanding evidence of the field's…

  3. Interdisciplinary analysis of digital government work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scholl, Hans J.; Mai, Jens Erik; Fidel, Raya

    2006-01-01

    This bird-of-a-feather session attempts to break interdisciplinary ground in the context of work content, workflow, and work context analysis in Digital Government. The authors argue that using and connecting multiple theories and disciplines might yield more robust results and deeper understanding...... of the Digital Government evolution than strictly disciplinary research....

  4. Facilitating Interdisciplinary Learning: Lessons from Project Kaleidoscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kezar, Adrianna; Elrod, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Many major funding organizations, policymakers, government agencies, and other higher education stakeholders want higher education to encourage interdisciplinary learning so that students graduate with the requisite skills to take on complex jobs in science, policy, business, and industry. Calls for this kind of change have been most urgent within…

  5. Teaching the Broad, Interdisciplinary Impact of Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, David; Atlas, Pierre; Haberski, Raymond; Higgs, Jamie; Kiley, Patrick; Maxwell, Michael, Jr.; Mirola, William; Norton, Jamey

    2009-01-01

    As perhaps the most encompassing idea in biology, evolution has impacted not only science, but other academic disciplines as well. The broad, interdisciplinary impact of evolution was the theme of a course taught at Marian College, Indianapolis, Indiana in 2002, 2004, and 2006. Using a strategy that could be readily adopted at other institutions,…

  6. The Challenges of Interdisciplinary Epistemology in Neuroaesthetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croft, James

    2011-01-01

    Neuroaesthetics is a burgeoning new interdisciplinary research space in which cognitive science, psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy intersect in order to better inform our understanding of aesthetic experience. The purpose of this study is to analyze high-profile work in neuroaesthetics in the light of recent research into interdisciplinary…

  7. QUANTA: An Interdisciplinary Learning Community (Four Studies).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avens, Cynthia; Zelley, Richard

    QUANTA is a year-long interdisciplinary program at Daytona Beach Community College (Florida) that seeks to establish a learning community of students and teachers. Three courses (English, Pyschology, and Humanities) are integrated around a common theme each semester of the freshman year, and are taught using a collaborative teaching model. This…

  8. Going interdisciplinary in Uganda's education system | Namusisi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study presents the relevance of interdisciplinary education, the crisis in which Uganda's education system is, where specialisation is at its peak. It analyses the form of the present curriculum, which leaves the learner in state of dilemma. The author again shows the need for interdisciplinarity, tries to find out whether ...

  9. Conceptualising linguistic access to knowledge as interdisciplinary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conceptualising linguistic access to knowledge as interdisciplinary collaboration. ... Journal for Language Teaching ... We draw on a number of case studies to show how reconceptualising the work of communication lecturers can enhance collaboration between communication and content lectures in science, engineering ...

  10. The Electric Humanities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsden, Michael T.; Litwin, James L.

    An interdisciplinary "Coordinated Quarter of Mass Media Studies," instituted at Bowling Green State University with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, is the subject of this paper. The first part of the paper tells how instructors from the subject areas of popular culture, psychology, sociology, speech communication, and…

  11. Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Librarian Involvement in Grant Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandenburg, Marci D.; Cordell, Sigrid Anderson; Joque, Justin; MacEachern, Mark P.; Song, Jean

    2017-01-01

    Librarians are excellent research collaborators, although librarian participation is not usually considered, thereby making access to research funds difficult. The University of Michigan Library became involved in the university's novel funding program, MCubed, which supported innovative interdisciplinary research on campus, primarily by funding…

  12. Reflections on Interdisciplinary Collaboration between Sociology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    If the original ambition of sociology to constitute itself into an encyclopaedia of the social sciences has largely failed (because of the obligation to restrict its scope through disciplinary specialization), the discipline has been more successful as a key actor in interdisciplinary and trans-disciplinary encounters that cover a wide ...

  13. Lexicography and its interdisciplinary contacts, with special ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... with the three semiotic 'dimensions', and relating them to various interdisciplinary or problem-solving fields, such as sociolinguistics and computational linguistics. Thirdly, several points of view in Lexicography are presented, and an explicit framework is developed for displaying its place relative to its 'mother', 'sister' and ...

  14. Legal Doctrinal Scholarship and Interdisciplinary Engagement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Bodig (Matyas)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractThe paper offers a legal theoretical analysis of the disciplinary character of the contemporary practice of legal scholarship. It is assumed that the challenges of interdisciplinary engagement are particularly revealing about the nature of legal scholarship. The paper argues for an

  15. Synergistic Knowledge Development in Interdisciplinary Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broussard, Shorna R.; La Lopa, Joseph Mick; Ross-Davis, Amy

    2007-01-01

    Problem solving, interpersonal skills, information literacy, and critical and independent thinking are essential qualities that employers seek, yet many undergraduates lack. We structured an interdisciplinary classroom and experiential learning environment where students from three undergraduate courses (Hospitality and Tourism Management,…

  16. Using Interdisciplinary Arts Education to Enhance Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorimer, Maureen Reilly

    2009-01-01

    Amid crossing currents of educational expectations pressing on principals, the author advocates for enhancing inclusion of the visual and performing arts. Although electives and clubs provide arts exposure to a selected few, many students do not receive consistent and high-quality arts experiences. Carefully planned, interdisciplinary arts…

  17. Interdisciplinary Practices in iSchools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Dorte; Ho, Shuyan Mary

    2014-01-01

    Interdisciplinarity is in the DNA of the iSchools. This workshop invites you to discuss how inter-disciplinarity plays out in theory and practice. The workshop addresses the uniqueness of the iSchools, provides an interactive framework to discuss and reflect on interdisciplinary practice. It sugg...

  18. Geography and Geographical Information Science: Interdisciplinary Integrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellul, Claire

    2015-01-01

    To understand how Geography and Geographical Information Science (GIS) can contribute to Interdisciplinary Research (IDR), it is relevant to articulate the differences between the different types of such research. "Multidisciplinary" researchers work in a "parallel play" mode, completing work in their disciplinary work streams…

  19. Interdisciplinary Aspects of Learning: Physics and Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleg, Yavoruk

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with interdisciplinary aspects of learning in the case of physics and psychology. It describes the lab-based academic course focused on: observation and experimentation; discovery of new scientific facts; measurement; identification of errors; the study of psychological characteristics of people (time perception, the reaction…

  20. Teaching design engineering in an interdisciplinary programme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wits, Wessel Willems; Homminga, Jasper Johan; Endedijk, Maaike Dorine; Visscher, Klaasjan; Krab-Hüsken, Leonie; van den Berg, Frank; Wilhelm, P.

    2014-01-01

    ATLAS, the Academy of Technology and Liberal Arts & Sciences, is an interdisciplinary three-year Bachelor of Science honours programme for talented students that opened its doors in September 2013. This international programme uses the concept of project-led education to teach students to integrate

  1. Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary, and Transdisciplinary Collaboration: Implications for Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, Audrey

    2009-01-01

    The literature on interdisciplinarity identifies several forms of collaboration: multidisciplinary, transdisciplinary, and interdisciplinary (as bridge building or integration). To assist vocational psychology translate its interdisciplinary discourse into action, this paper uses that literature to identify the benefits, challenges and conditions…

  2. Interdisciplinary Teaming: Solution to Instructing Heterogeneous Groups of Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gable, Robert A.; Manning, M. Lee

    1999-01-01

    Discusses interdisciplinary team collaboration for teachers, including structuring a successful team meeting, the 10-step interdisciplinary problem-solving meeting, evaluation of team collaboration, and effective team communication. (SR)

  3. Universal Design and disability: an interdisciplinary perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lid, Inger Marie

    2014-01-01

    To discuss Universal Design (UD) as an interdisciplinary topic with relevance for rehabilitation professions and planning and building professions. Significant for this topic is to discuss to what model of disability UD strategies correlates. The paper argues that the UN Convention on the Rights for Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) pre-supposes a relational model of disability. This is a theoretical paper on the understanding of UD and the significance of UD as a subject of interdisciplinary research and teaching. The paper is based on literature and focuses on how to understand UD in interdisciplinary contexts. Both impairment effects and disabling barriers are important for understanding UD. Rehabilitation professions together with user-representatives provide knowledge on impairments as an aspect of human diversity; planning professionals provide knowledge on architecture and spatial planning. As an emerging field of knowledge, UD involves different knowledge; however, these differences may also lead to difficulties in communication. Both theoretically and practically UD must correspond to an understanding of disability as relational, involving person, interaction and barriers. Implementing UD strategies ought to be linked to a concept of person that clearly includes impairments as a dimension of human plurality. In conclusion, the paper suggests that a common knowledge platform can prove productive for interdisciplinary work with UD. Implications for Rehabilitation Universal Design is a strategy to improve equal access for people with disabilities. A concept of the person and of disability is of importance for implementing Universal Design strategies. The interdisciplinary involvement in Universal Design must involve rehabilitation professions to attend to the individual dimension in Universal Design.

  4. How to carry out interdisciplinary legal research
    Some experiences with an interdisciplinary research method

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy Schrama

    2011-01-01

    Interdisciplinary legal research, in which non-legal data are combined with legal data, is a fairly new branch of legal scholarship in the Netherlands. Although it improves the possibilities to measure the effectiveness of legal instruments, it also raises numerous methodological questions, such as a lack of matching empirical data and the translation of legal concepts in socio-empirical terms. Both the pros and cons of the interdisciplinary research method will be addressed and illustrated o...

  5. Interdisciplinary research career development: building interdisciplinary research careers in women's health program best practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domino, Steven E; Bodurtha, Joann; Nagel, Joan D

    2011-11-01

    The Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Institutes and Centers and the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHRQ) have sponsored an interdisciplinary research career development program in five funding cycles since 2000 through a K12 mechanism titled "Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health (BIRCWH)." As of 2010, 407 scholars have been supported in interdisciplinary women's health research and a total of 63 BIRCWH program awards have been made to 41 institutions across the U.S. In an effort to share practical approaches to interdisciplinary research training, currently funded BIRCWH sites were invited to submit 300-word bullet-point style summaries describing their best practices in interdisciplinary research training following a common format with an emphasis on practices that are innovative, can be reproduced in other places, and advance women's health research. Twenty-six program narratives provide unique perspectives along with common elements and themes in interdisciplinary research training best practices.

  6. Teaching and Learning in Interdisciplinary Higher Education: A Systematic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spelt, E.J.H.; Biemans, H.; Tobi, H.; Luning, P.A.; Mulder, M.

    2009-01-01

    Interdisciplinary higher education aims to develop boundary-crossing skills, such as interdisciplinary thinking. In the present review study, interdisciplinary thinking was defined as the capacity to integrate knowledge of two or more disciplines to produce a cognitive advancement in ways that would

  7. Starting to Uncover the Mystery of Interdisciplinary Research in Kinesiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schary, David P.; Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2016-01-01

    The multidisciplinary nature of kinesiology seems to be an ideal configuration for conducting interdisciplinary research. Proposed as a potential solution to overcome fragmentation, interdisciplinary research has a role within kinesiology that remains unknown. In this study, we explored kinesiologists' perceptions of interdisciplinary research,…

  8. Developing Interdisciplinary Workforce to Meet Future Aerospace Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misra, Ajay

    2017-01-01

    The presentation will focus on the importance of interdisciplinary research for addressing future aerospace challenges. Examples of current research activities at NASA's Glenn Research Center will be provided to illustrate the importance of interdisciplinary research. Challenges with conducting interdisciplinary research will be discussed.

  9. From Surprise Parties to Mapmaking: Undergraduate Journeys toward Interdisciplinary Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, Carolyn; Leonard, Jeannie Brown

    2010-01-01

    As educators in academic programs featuring interdisciplinary learning, the authors can attest that helping undergraduate students in an interdisciplinary studies major engage in interdisciplinary learning--that is, draw from two or more disciplines to advance understanding of a problem, question, or phenomenon--is no mean feat. Consequently, the…

  10. THERMAL INSTABILITY OF COMPRESSIBLE WALTERS' (MODEL B' FLUID IN THE PRESENCE OF HALL CURRENTS AND SUSPENDED PARTICLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urvashi GUPTA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Effect of Hall currents and suspended particles is considered on the hydromagnetic stability of a compressible, electrically conducting Walters' (Model B' elastico-viscous fluid. After linearizing the relevant hydromagnetic equations, the perturbation equations are analyzed in terms of normal modes. A dispersion relation governing the effects of visco-elasticity, magnetic field, Hall currents and suspended particles is derived. It has been found that for stationary convection, the Walters' (Model B' fluid behaves like an ordinary Newtonian fluid due to the vanishing of the visco-elastic parameter. The compressibility and magnetic field have a stabilizing effect on the system, as such their effect is to postpone the onset of thermal instability whereas Hall currents and suspended particles are found to hasten the onset of thermal instability for permissible range of values of various parameters. Also, the dispersion relation is analyzed numerically and the results shown graphically. The critical Rayleigh numbers and the wavenumbers of the associated disturbances for the onset of instability as stationary convection are obtained and the behavior of various parameters on critical thermal Rayleigh numbers has been depicted graphically. The visco-elasticity, suspended particles and Hall currents (hence magnetic field introduce oscillatory modes in the system which were non-existent in their absence.

  11. Quality improvement of interdisciplinary rounds by leadership training based on essential quality indicators of the Interdisciplinary Rounds Assessment Scale

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ten Have, Elsbeth C. M.; Nap, Raoul E.; Tulleken, Jaap E.

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of interdisciplinary teams in the intensive care unit (ICU) has focused attention on leadership behavior. Daily interdisciplinary rounds (IDRs) in ICUs integrate leadership behavior and interdisciplinary teamwork. The purpose of this intervention study was to measure the effect of

  12. Ricardo Piglia lector de Walter Benjamin: compromiso político y vanguardia artística en los 70 argentinos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ignacio García García

    2014-03-01

    This paper analyzes the reception of Walter Benjamin by the young Ricardo Piglia. Walter Benjamin, together with Bertolt Brecht, was very important for Piglia’s self-comprehension in the context of the agitated aesthetical-political debates of the ’60s and ’70s. Piglia makes use of the Brechtian Benjamin to articulate aesthetics and politics in a way that singles out his critical work in those years. He builds, from the parameters of a production aesthetic, a position that goes beyond not only the idealistic aesthetics but also the principles of the socialist realism, putting aside the opposition between aesthetic experimentation and politicization of art.

  13. Interdisciplinary research: putting the methods under the microscope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Douglas K

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While the desirability of interdisciplinary inquiry has been widely acknowledged, indeed has become 'the mantra of science policy', the methods of interdisciplinary collaboration are opaque to outsiders and generally remain undescribed. Discussion Many have analysed interdisciplinarity, especially in relation to the creation of new disciplines and institutions. These analyses are briefly outlined. Still, there currently persists a silence about the methods of interdisciplinary collaboration itself, and the core of this paper proposes a template for such methods. Summary Breaking this silence – by making the methods of interdisciplinary projects transparent – could further invigorate interdisciplinary research.

  14. 4th international interdisciplinary chaos symposium

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, Santo; Caglar, Suleyman; Ozer, Mehmet; Chaos and complex systems

    2013-01-01

    Complexity Science and Chaos Theory are fascinating areas of scientific research with wide-ranging applications.  The interdisciplinary nature and ubiquity of complexity and chaos are features that provides scientists with a motivation to pursue general theoretical tools and frameworks. Complex systems give rise to emergent behaviors, which in turn produce novel and interesting phenomena in science, engineering, as well as in the socio-economic sciences. The aim of all Symposia on Chaos and Complex Systems (CCS) is to bring together scientists, engineers, economists and social scientists, and to discuss the latest insights and results obtained in the area of corresponding nonlinear-system complex (chaotic) behavior. Especially for the “4th International Interdisciplinary Chaos Symposium on Chaos and Complex Systems,” which took place April 29th to May 2nd, 2012 in Antalya, Turkey, the scope of the symposium had been further enlarged so as to encompass the presentation of work from circuits to econophysic...

  15. Trending Approaches in Innovation Using Interdisciplinary Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Cherinka

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This presentation presents a study of approaches to foster open innovation, including the use of crowds and social media to leverage and utilize interdisciplinary sources. Crowds are inherently interdisciplinary, and they contain experts. Wisdom can be extracted from these sources. However, the peril of bias and "group think" could be detrimental if not carefully exposed. The process of innovation benefits from a diversity of skills and perspectives. There are technology and communication trends that enable unprecedented access to information, people and even group sentiment, offering new ways to collaborate, connect producers to consumers to investors, and ultimately to innovate. As an example, we will highlight the potential value of applying crowd-sourcing models to commercial and government environments

  16. Joint Interdisciplinary Earth Science Information Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kafatos, Menas

    2004-01-01

    The report spans the three year period beginning in June of 2001 and ending June of 2004. Joint Interdisciplinary Earth Science Information Center's (JIESIC) primary purpose has been to carry out research in support of the Global Change Data Center and other Earth science laboratories at Goddard involved in Earth science, remote sensing and applications data and information services. The purpose is to extend the usage of NASA Earth Observing System data, microwave data and other Earth observing data. JIESIC projects fall within the following categories: research and development; STW and WW prototyping; science data, information products and services; and science algorithm support. JIESIC facilitates extending the utility of NASA's Earth System Enterprise (ESE) data, information products and services to better meet the science data and information needs of a number of science and applications user communities, including domain users such as discipline Earth scientists, interdisciplinary Earth scientists, Earth science applications users and educators.

  17. Further evaluation of the Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale: correlation with curve pattern and radiological deformity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pineda Sonia

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Walter Reed Visual Assessment Scale (WRVAS was designed to measure physical deformity as perceived by patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Previous studies have shown that the instrument has excellent internal consistency and a high correlation with the radiological magnitude of scoliotic curves. Nonetheless, it is not known whether the scale can discriminate between the various curve patterns of the deformity, or whether the deformities represented in the scale's drawings relate to the corresponding radiological deformities. Methods This study included 101 patients (86 women and 15 men; mean age 19.4 years with idiopathic scoliosis. In a single visit, patients underwent standing PA radiography of the spine and completed the WRVAS. X-ray measurements included: 1 magnitude (Cobb angle of the proximal thoracic curve (PT, main thoracic curve (MT, and thoracolumbar/lumbar curve (TL/L; 2 difference in shoulder level; 3 T1 offset from the central sacral line (T1-CSL; 4 apical vertebra (apV rotation at the MT and TL/L curves and 5 apical vertebra offset of the MT and TL/L curves from the central sacral line. A variable designated Cobbmax was defined as the largest angle of the three curves (PT, MT or TL/L. Patients were grouped onto three patterns: Thoracic (TH Group(n = 30, mean MT 42.1°, TL/L 20.9°; double major (DM Group (n = 39, mean MT 38.6°, TL/L 34.4° and thoracolumbar (TL Group(n = 32, mean MT 14.3°, TL/L 25.5°. The magnitude of the curves in the TL Group was significantly smaller than in the other groups (P Cobbmax variable. The Spearman correlation coefficient was determined between the WRVAS items and shoulder imbalance, T1-CSL offset, MT Cobb angle, MT apV rotation, MT apV offset, PT Cobb, TL/L Cobb, TL/L apV rotation and TL/L apV offset. Results The median (interquartile range of the total WRVAS score was 14 (IQR 6. No correlation was found between the curve pattern and the various scores on the scale (partial

  18. Woodstock Scholarship : An Interdisciplinary Annotated Bibliography

    OpenAIRE

    Gatten, Jeffrey N.

    2016-01-01

    "Since August 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair looms large when recounting the history and impact of the baby boom generation and the societal upheavals of the Sixties. Scholars study the sociological, political, musical, and artistic impact of the event and use it as a cultural touchstone when exploring alternative perspectives or seeking clarity. This interdisciplinary annotated bibliography records the details of over 400 English-language resources on the Festival, including books, c...

  19. Pluralistic dialoguing: A theory of interdisciplinary teamworking

    OpenAIRE

    Antoinette McCallin, Ph.D., M.A. (hons), B.A., RGON

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this emerging grounded theory study was to discover the main concerns of health professionals working in interdisciplinary teams, and to explain the processes team members used to continually resolve practice problems. Data collected from forty-four participants from seven disciplines in two teaching hospitals in New Zealand, included eighty hours each of interviewing and participant observation. In this paper the theory of pluralistic dialoguing is presented. It is argued that int...

  20. Building interdisciplinary biomedical research using novel collaboratives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravid, Katya; Faux, Russell; Corkey, Barbara; Coleman, David

    2013-02-01

    Traditionally, biomedical research has been carried out mainly within departmental boundaries. However, successful biomedical research increasingly relies on development of methods and concepts crossing these boundaries, requiring expertise in different disciplines. Recently, major research institutes have begun experimenting with ways to foster an interdisciplinary ethos. The Evans Center for Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research ("the Evans Center") at Boston University is a new organizational paradigm to address this challenge. The Evans Center is built around interdisciplinary research groups termed affinity research collaboratives (ARCs). Each ARC consists of investigators from several academic departments and at least two research disciplines, bound by a common goal to investigate biomedical problems concerning human disease. Novel aspects of the Evans Center include a "bottom-up" approach to identifying areas of ARC research (research vision and strategy are typically initiated by a core group of faculty with input from the center director); a pre-ARC period of faculty affiliation/project(s)' self-selection prior to formation of a peer-reviewed ARC; and Evans Center support for innovative ARCs for up to three years pending yearly metric evaluation, followed by continued administrative support as a group matures into an ARC program.Since its inception in early 2009, the Evans Center has documented achievements at discovery/publication, grant award, and educational levels. Enhanced interactions between members of individual ARCs, as assessed by quantitative networking analysis, are discussed in the context of high productivity. As universities seek new approaches to stimulate interdisciplinary research, the Evans Center and its ARCs are offered as a productive model for leveraging discovery.

  1. Interdisciplinary Teaching Enhances Learning across the Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Debbie Galante

    2009-01-01

    Sometimes students don't think they're musical, and even if they do, they may still question how taking a music class now might help them in the future. Interdisciplinary teaching--an educational style that takes in elements of more than one subject at a time--can be a major help in such cases. In the words of Elizabeth Ann McAnally, general music…

  2. Poverty and Vulnerability - An Interdisciplinary Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Makoka, Donald; Kaplan, Marcus

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the concepts of poverty and vulnerability as well as the interconnections and differences between them using an interdisciplinary approach. While poverty is a static concept, vulnerability has a forward-looking dimension. We, therefore, review the methodologies that different disciplines use to measure poverty and vulnerability. In particular, the differences between vulnerability to natural disasters, vulnerability to climate change, as well as vulnerability to poverty a...

  3. [Interdisciplinary quality management in preventive medicine institutions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Robert

    2004-12-01

    Like all health care institutions, preventive medicine institutions, too, need a quality assurance structure. An integrated system consisting of "balanced score card", "finite-elements-model" and "interdisciplinary quality circles" is presented. This organisational structure allows the implementation of quality assurance in complex institutions as well, such as health care organisations. In addition, this concept guarantees broad acceptance by all team members, not least due to complexity reduction.

  4. Epistemology and politics of interdisciplinary methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Gabriel Rodríguez Zoya

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is to propound a complex concept of interdiscipline, one that should be epistemologically rigorous, methodologically viable and politically critical. This implies to assume an explicit ideological position that involves a particular conception of the relation between science and society: interdisciplinary knowledge is necessary for a politics being able to intervene in complex problems affecting people life in Latin America.

  5. Leadership styles in interdisciplinary health science education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasnett, Bonita; Clay, Maria

    2008-12-01

    The US Institute of Medicine recommends that all health professionals should deliver patient-centered care as members of interdisciplinary health science teams. The current application of the Bolman and Deal Leadership model to health sciences provides an interesting point of reference to compare leadership styles. This article reviews several applications of that model within academic health care and the aggregate recommendations for leaders of health care disciplines based on collective findings.

  6. Pluralistic dialoguing: A theory of interdisciplinary teamworking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoinette McCallin, Ph.D., M.A. (hons, B.A., RGON

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this emerging grounded theory study was to discover the main concerns of health professionals working in interdisciplinary teams, and to explain the processes team members used to continually resolve practice problems. Data collected from forty-four participants from seven disciplines in two teaching hospitals in New Zealand, included eighty hours each of interviewing and participant observation. In this paper the theory of pluralistic dialoguing is presented. It is argued that interdisciplinary work is possible whenthe team replaces the discipline focus with a client-focused care and thinks differently about service delivery. Thinking cooperatively requires individual team members to dialogue with colleagues, thereby deconstructing traditional ways of thinking and reconstructing new approaches to interdisciplinary practice. Although dialoguing was an informal process occurring within clinical spaces, as the effects of health reform and restructuring intensify teams also need to establish formal dialogue groups to facilitate team practice development and support team learning in the continually changing fast-paced practice context.

  7. Human error and patient safety: interdisciplinary course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Augustine R; Fabri, Peter J; Wolfson, Jay

    2012-01-01

    The medical community has only recently begun to address how human error affects patient safety. In order to confront human error in medicine, there is a need to teach students who are entering the health professions how potential errors may manifest and train them to prevent or mitigate these problems. The objective is to describe a semester-long, interdisciplinary, human error and patient safety course taught at the University of South Florida. Six interdisciplinary groups, composed of students from five of the university's colleges, were formed. The curriculum consisted of expert lecturers, readings, case studies, and analysis of patient safety problems. Students were evaluated based on their group's work on the final project and peer evaluations. Nursing students scored the highest in each category evaluated. Physicians and medical students had the lowest evaluations in team participation and active engagement. All students rated the course highly and indicated that it enhanced their ability to work in interprofessional settings. The students showed improved knowledge and substantive skill level relative to patient safety and human error concepts. Working in interdisciplinary teams gave the students a better understanding of the role each discipline can have in improving health care systems and health care delivery.

  8. Integrated interdisciplinary training in the radiological sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brenner, D J; Vazquez, M; Buonanno, M; Amundson, S A; Bigelow, A W; Garty, G; Harken, A D; Hei, T K; Marino, S A; Ponnaiya, B; Randers-Pehrson, G; Xu, Y

    2014-02-01

    The radiation sciences are increasingly interdisciplinary, both from the research and the clinical perspectives. Beyond clinical and research issues, there are very real issues of communication between scientists from different disciplines. It follows that there is an increasing need for interdisciplinary training courses in the radiological sciences. Training courses are common in biomedical academic and clinical environments, but are typically targeted to scientists in specific technical fields. In the era of multidisciplinary biomedical science, there is a need for highly integrated multidisciplinary training courses that are designed for, and are useful to, scientists who are from a mix of very different academic fields and backgrounds. We briefly describe our experiences running such an integrated training course for researchers in the field of biomedical radiation microbeams, and draw some conclusions about how such interdisciplinary training courses can best function. These conclusions should be applicable to many other areas of the radiological sciences. In summary, we found that it is highly beneficial to keep the scientists from the different disciplines together. In practice, this means not segregating the training course into sections specifically for biologists and sections specifically for physicists and engineers, but rather keeping the students together to attend the same lectures and hands-on studies throughout the course. This structure added value to the learning experience not only in terms of the cross fertilization of information and ideas between scientists from the different disciplines, but also in terms of reinforcing some basic concepts for scientists in their own discipline.

  9. Ocorrência do gênero Marasmius Fr. (Tricholomataceae, Agaricales na Reserva Biológica Walter Egler, Amazonas, Brasil Occurrence of the genus Marasmius Fr. (Tricholomataceae, Agaricales in the Reserva Biologica Walter Egler, Amazonas, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helenires Queiroz de Souza

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O gênero Marasmius Fr. (Tricholomataceae, Agaricales compreende fungos comumente conhecidos como cogumelos. São cosmopolitas, mas muito mais numerosos em corpos de frutificação e espécies nas regiões tropicais do que em regiões temperadas ou frias. Ocorrem mais freqüentemente sobre madeira ou folhas mortas ou vivas e mais raramente entre musgos ou gramíneas no solo. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo de estudo os representantes do gênero Marasmius Fr. ocorrentes na Reserva Biológica Walter Alberto Egler, município de Rio Preto da Eva, Amazonas. As coletas foram realizadas no período de dezembro de 2000 a junho de 2001 e seguiu-se a metodologia usual para identificação de Agaricales. Foi estudado um total de nove espécies: Marasmius bellus, Marasmius haedinus var. haedinus,Marasmius cf. leoninus, Marasmius cf. mazatecus, Marasmius cf. ruber,Marasmius cf. setulosifolius, Marasmius tageticolor, Marasmius cf. variabiliceps var. variabiliceps e Marasmius sp. Os táxons Marasmius cf. mazatecus, Marasmius cf. setulosifolius e Marasmius cf. variabiliceps var. variabiliceps são citados pela primeira vez para o Brasil. Com exceção de M. tageticolor Berk, as demais espécies são citadas pela primeira vez para a Reserva Walter Egler. São apresentadas descrições morfológicas, chave para identificação dos taxa e ilustrações.The genus Marasmius Fr. (Tricholomataceae, Agaricales take in fungus commonly well-known as mushrooms. It's cosmopolitan, but much more numerous in carpophore production and number of species in the tropical regions than in the temperate and frigid zones. Most frequently on wood or leaves, dead or living, more rarely among mosses or grasses on earth. A study of the representatives of the genus Marasmius occurring in the Reserva Biológica Walter Egler, Rio Preto da Eva, in the Amazon State, was carried out. The collection was carried out from December 2000 to June 2001 and the mushrooms were identified based

  10. Validation of Portuguese version of Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ) and comparison to International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and RAND 36-Item Health Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Ana Luiza; Reis, Leonardo Oliveira; Saade, Ricardo Destro; Santos, Carlos Alberto; Lima, Marcelo Lopes de; Fregonesi, Adriano

    2015-01-01

    To validate the Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ) considering Brazilian social-cultural aspects. To determine equivalence between the Portuguese and the English QEQ versions, the Portuguese version was back-translated by two professors who are native English speakers. After language equivalence had been determined, urologists considered the QEQ Portuguese version suitable. Men with self-reported erectile dysfunction (ED) and infertile men who had a stable sexual relationship for at least 6 months were invited to answer the QEQ, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and the RAND 36-Item Health Survey (RAND-36). The questionnaires were presented together and answered without help in a private room. Internal consistency (Cronbach's α), test-retest reliability (Spearman), convergent validity (Spearman correlation) coefficients and known-groups validity (the ability of the QEQ Portuguese version to differentiate erectile dysfunction severity groups) were assessed. We recruited 197 men (167 ED patients and 30 non-ED patients), mean age of 53.3 and median of 55.5 years (23-82 years). The Portuguese version of the QEQ had high internal consistency (Cronbach α=0.93), high stability between test and retest (ICC 0.83, with IC 95%: 0.76-0.88, pPortuguese version presented good psychometric properties and high convergent validity in relation to IIEF. The low correlations between the QEQ and the RAND-36, as well as between the IIEF and the RAND-36 indicated IIEF and QEQ specificity, which may have resulted from the patients' psychological adaptations that minimized the impact of ED on Quality of Life (QoL) and reestablished the well-being feeling.

  11. Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Top-Line Estimates for Active-Duty Service Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    62 percent who filed such a report indicated that they experienced professional retali- ation, social retaliation, adverse administrative actions, or...encouraged the RAND research team to rede - sign the approach used previously in the WGRA surveys if changes would improve the accuracy and validity of the...communications plan that promoted the survey through many channels, including social media, public service announcements, and print news stories. A total of

  12. An analysis of appropriate delivery of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method: Executive summary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Jones, MD, PhD

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: This analysis based on the RAND/UCLA Method shows significant agreement with the 2014 endometrial Guideline. Areas of divergence, often in scenarios with low-level evidence, included use of external beam RT plus vaginal brachytherapy in stages II and III and external beam RT alone in early-stage patients. Furthermore, the analysis explores other important questions regarding management of this disease site.

  13. Managing U.S. Air Force Aircraft Operating and Support Costs: Insights from Recent RAND Analysis and Opportunities for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    spares requirements, and depot repairs, such as engine overhauls and aircraft depot maintenance ) drives inefficiencies—and thus cost—in supply...www.rand.org/t/TR1185 7 T56 depot-level maintenance costs were exceptionally low in the late 1990s, in part due to a discount on material costs with the...Unit personnel costs might be reduced by consolidating many maintenance activities within a global network of maintenance facilities and by

  14. Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Volume 2. Estimates for Department of Defense Service Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    offenders Individual 57% 54% 63% Group 43% 46% 37% Gender of the offender( s ) Man or men only 75% 67% 87% Woman or women only 11% 16% 3% Mix of men and... Rights This document and trademark( s ) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for...to take effective actions. Sexual harassment and gender discrimination are forms of unlawful discrimi- nation that deprive service members of equal

  15. Walter bustamante tejada, los invisibles en antioquia, 1886-1936: una arqueología de los discursos sobre la homosexualidad.

    OpenAIRE

    Bedoya Molina, Juan Pablo

    2011-01-01

    Los invisibles en Antioquia, 1886-1936: Una arqueología de los discursos sobre la homosexualidad del historiador Walter Alonso Bustamante Tejada, se presenta como un texto pionero para el estudio de la historia de la homosexualidad en Antioquia.

  16. The role of Harvey Cushing and Walter Dandy in the evolution of modern neurosurgery in the Netherlands, illustrated by their correspondence Historical vignette

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groen, Rob J. M.; Koehler, Peter J.; Kloet, Alfred

    The development of modern neurosurgery in the Netherlands, which took place in the 1920s, was highly influenced by the personal involvement of both Harvey Cushing and Walter Dandy, each in his own way. For the present article, the authors consulted the correspondence (kept at the Cushing/Whitney

  17. Peer-Assisted Learning Programme: Supporting Students in High-Risk Subjects at the Mechanical Engineering Department at Walter Sisulu University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makola, Qonda

    2017-01-01

    The majority of the students who enroll at the Walter Sisulu University (WSU) in South Africa are not equipped with the necessary academic/learning skills to cope with the university environment, especially in Mechanical Engineering. The Department of Higher Education and Training (2013, p. 17), further states that "students' support is…

  18. Massenmedien und Bildung: Eine padagogische Interpretation der Adorno-Benjamin-Kontroverse (Mass Media and Education: A Pedagogical Interpretation of the Controversy between Theodore Adorno and Walter Benjamin).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Yasuo

    1997-01-01

    Gives a pedagogical interpretation of the controversy between Adorno (Theodore) and Benjamin (Walter). Sketches their different conceptions of what constitutes a pedagogical problem and discusses differences between their positions against the background of their shared concern, best described as "experiential poverty." (DSK)

  19. Towards an RTS,S-based, multi-stage, multi-antigen vaccine against falciparum malaria: progress at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heppner, D. Gray; Kester, Kent E.; Ockenhouse, Christian F.; Tornieporth, Nadia; Ofori, Opokua; Lyon, Jeffrey A.; Stewart, V. Ann; Dubois, Patrice; Lanar, David E.; Krzych, Urszula; Moris, Philippe; Angov, Evelina; Cummings, James F.; Leach, Amanda; Hall, B. Ted; Dutta, Sheetij; Schwenk, Robert; Hillier, Collette; Barbosa, Arnoldo; Ware, Lisa A.; Nair, Lalitha; Darko, Christian A.; Withers, Mark R.; Ogutu, Bernhards; Polhemus, Mark E.; Fukuda, Mark; Pichyangkul, Sathit; Gettyacamin, Montip; Diggs, Carter; Soisson, Lorraine; Milman, Jessica; Dubois, Marie-Claude; Garçon, Nathalie; Tucker, Kathryn; Wittes, Janet; Plowe, Christopher V.; Thera, Mahamadou A.; Duombo, Ogobara K.; Pau, Maria G.; Goudsmit, Jaap; Ballou, W. Ripley; Cohen, Joe

    2005-01-01

    The goal of the Malaria Vaccine Program at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) is to develop a licensed multi-antigen, multi-stage vaccine against Plasmodium falciparum able to prevent all symptomatic manifestations of malaria by preventing parasitemia. A secondary goal is to limit

  20. Fostering Interdisciplinary Communication between Pharmacy and Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiersma, Mary E.; Keib, Carrie N.; Cailor, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate pharmacy and nursing student self-perceptions of interdisciplinary communication skills, faculty member perceptions of interdisciplinary communication skills, and changes in those skills after increasing the interdisciplinary education content. Design. Two cohorts of pharmacy and nursing (bachelors of science in nursing, BSN) students in respective, semester-long research courses engaged in active learning on interdisciplinary communication, with the second cohort receiving additional content on the topic. At semester completion, students presented a research project at an interdisciplinary poster session. Assessment. Self-, peer-, and faculty evaluations (4 items; 5-point Likert-type) assessing self-confidence and actual interdisciplinary communication skills were completed during the poster session. Overall, students responded they were “very confident” or “extremely confident” regarding the skills, with greater confidence reported by the second cohort. Faculty members agreed that students exhibited effective interdisciplinary communication skills, with stronger agreement for the second cohort. Conclusion. Including interdisciplinary education and experiences in a curriculum increases students’ interdisciplinary communication skills. Using multiple interdisciplinary experiences may result in greater increases in these skills. PMID:26430270

  1. Análise do “Glossário” das Cantigas de Santa Maria elaborado por Walter Mettmann (1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aléxia Teles Duchowny

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the presence and theconsistency of criteria in the Glossary of the Cantigas de SantaMaria, edited by Walter Mettmann in 1972. The Cantigas, compiledin the end of the thirteenth century by Afonso X and hiscollaborators from Toledo, are one of the most extensive collectionsof poetry, iconography and music in Medieval Portuguese.Cambraia (2000 and Cunha (1966 were taken into account, dueto their regularity and meticulousness. Emphasis was given to theanalysis on the way the author deals with the extent of theGlossary, the constitution of its articles and the idiomaticexpressions. The absence of explicit norms to elaborate theGlossary is a serious deficiency of this edition, forcing its readerto deduce these norms. It is not our intention to find solutions toall the omissions found in the Glossary, but to point out a bodyof clear and coherent norms.

  2. Thermosolutal Convection in Compressible Walters' (Model B′ Fluid Permeated with Suspended Particles in a Brinkman Porous Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. C. Rana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the thermosolutal convection in compressible Walters' (model B′ elastico-viscous fluid permeated with suspended particles in a porous medium is considered. For the porous medium, the Brinkman model is employed. By applying normal mode analysis method, the dispersion relation has been derived and solved analytically. It is observed that the medium permeability, suspended particles, gravity field and viscoelasticity introduce oscillatory modes. For stationary convection, it is observed that the Darcy number and stable solute gradient have stabilizing effects whereas the suspended particles and medium permeability has destabilizing effects on the system. The effects of Darcy number, stable solute gradient, suspended particles and medium permeability has also been shown graphically.

  3. Hermetismo e provocação: sobre “A tarefa do tradutor”, de Walter Benjamin

    OpenAIRE

    Georg Otte

    2015-01-01

    O hermetismo da escrita de Walter Benjamin representa ao mesmo tempo um atrativo e um desafi o para seus leitores. Justapondo afirmações apodíticas, ele mesmo dá um exemplo dessa ambivalência pela provocativa ideia de que nem a obra literária nem sua tradução estariam dirigidas ao seu leitor. Considerando o uso comunicativo da linguagem como um abuso, Benjamin não apenas defende a autonomia da obra, mas também reivindica a autonomia da tradução como “forma”. Não sendo um canal de comunicaç...

  4. Walter Gieseler, Komposition im 20. Jahrhundert. Details – Zusammenhänge, Celle, Moeck, 1975, pp. 228

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilma D'Ambrosio

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Stupisce molto che un libro come Komposition im 20. Jahrhundert. Details - Zusammenhänge [Composizione nel 20° secolo. Particolari – Connessioni] di Walter Gieseler, pubblicato in Germania quasi venticinque anni fa, non abbia mai ricevuto un'attenzione maggiore. Strano destino, per un libro così ricco e innovativo, scritto da un autore cui andrebbe per lo meno tributato il merito di essere stato uno dei primi a realizzare una descrizione sistematica delle tecniche compositive novecentesche. Le ragioni vanno forse cercate nel fatto di non avere mai beneficiato di traduzioni in una lingua più ‘internazionale’ e di non appartenere, in senso convenzionale, né al settore propriamente analitico, né teorico-compositivo, né storico-musicale. Di fatto, il libro riassume tutti questi aspetti, nonché argomenti di materia estetica, esecutiva, psicologico-percettiva, notazionale, ecc.

  5. Hacia la ociosidad interrumpida transmisión literaria y crisis de la experiencia en Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Cuenca

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las aportaciones del pensamiento de Walter Benjamin en torno al ocio parecen quedar al margen del renovado interés con que se estudia su obra. Aquí se tratará de mostrarse cómo los conceptos de ocio y ociosidad están estrechamente relacionados con algunos de los hilos conductores centrales de sus escritos. Se discutirá el papel que atribuye Benjamin a los diversos modos de transmisión literaria en la conformación de la experiencia, identificándose la posición relativa del ocio en cada caso, así como su función. Finalmente, se propondrá una interpretación sobre la tarea que este puede desempeñar en la orientación general emancipatoria de la obra de Benjamin

  6. The two sides of the commodity. For an archeology of critical theory of consumption in the work of Walter Benjamin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Romani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to trace a journey through the work of Walter Benjamin to give account of the existence of an incipient critical theory of consumption that appears, dispersed and fragmented among their major concerns as the status of the work of art, industrial technology or modern city. The idea that we intend to show is that the originality of Benjamin's proposal lies in the indirect nature by which access to the cultural question. Not so much as an instance derived from the production process determinations but from the transformations in the sphere of consumption. So the Arcades-Project can be read as a historic attempt to develop the contradiction of the commodity form that the consumer experience is presented as the cynical and utopian moment.

  7. Fundamental Astronomy and Solar System Dynamics : Invited Papers Honoring Prof. Walter Fricke on the occasion of his 70th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Lieske, J; Seidelmann, P

    1986-01-01

    "Fundamental Astronomy and Solar System Dynamics", a program of invited papers honoring Professor Walter Fricke, who for thirty years has been Director of the Astronomisches Rechen lnstitut in Heidelberg, was held at the Thompson Conference Center of the University of Texas at Austin on Wednesday 27 March 1985 on the occasion of his seventieth birthday and retirement as Director of ARl. Professor Fricke's contributions to astronomy encompass the areas of galactic dynamics, radial velocities, stellar statistics. the fundamental reference system and the constant of precession. Participants were welcomed to the Uni versi ty of Texas by Professor J. Parker Lamb, Chairman of the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics. The presentations ranged from discussions of astrometric problems concerned with the reference system, the constant of precession, major and minor planet observations, planetary ephemerides and lunar and satellite laser ranging, to a study of disc galaxies in massive halos. The...

  8. Second-Order Science of Interdisciplinary Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted; Noe, Egon

    2014-01-01

    Context: The problems that are most in need of interdisciplinary collaboration are “wicked problems,” such as food crises, climate change mitigation, and sustainable development, with many relevant aspects, disagreement on what the problem is, and contradicting solutions. Such complex problems bo...... perspectivist approach to science is based on the second-order cybernetics and systems theories of von Foerster, Maruyama, Maturana & Varela, and Luhmann, coupled with embodied theories of cognition and semiotics as a general theory of meaning from von Uexküll and Peirce....

  9. Disciplinary knowledge production and interdisciplinary humanities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, David Budtz; Stjernfelt, Frederik; Emmeche, Claus

    2016-01-01

    The chapter offers an introduction to this volume on frontier research in the humanities. It frames recent discussions on research governance, public value of research, and the heterogeneous nature of the humanities within the overall context of international research policy and initiatives...... economy needs to include combined efforts in developing new technologies and at the same time creating new models of democracy, engagement, and sustainable behaviour, which draw on a range of interdisciplinary competences. Special challenges such as the role reserved for humanities and how to integrate...

  10. Relevance: An Interdisciplinary and Information Science Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Greisdorf

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Although relevance has represented a key concept in the field of information science for evaluating information retrieval effectiveness, the broader context established by interdisciplinary frameworks could provide greater depth and breadth to on-going research in the field. This work provides an overview of the nature of relevance in the field of information science with a cursory view of how cross-disciplinary approaches to relevance could represent avenues for further investigation into the evaluative characteristics of relevance as a means for enhanced understanding of human information behavior.

  11. History and Psi knowledges – interdisciplinary considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José D'Assunção Barros

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to examine the interdisciplinary relations between History and psi knowledge, attempting to elaborate a comparative parallel between History of Mentalities, History of Imaginary, and also other historiographical modalities that interact with Psychology. The intention is to clarify some central aspects related to these fields of History and to discuss the historiography concerning each one of these modalities, in order to examine authors as Johannes Huizinga, Marc Bloch, Lucien Febvre, Robert Mandrou, Carlo Ginzburg, Philippe Ariès, Michel Vovelle, Georges Duby, Jacques Le Goff e Jean Delumeau, and at the same time discuss influences of Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, Wilhelm Reich and others.

  12. EDITORIAL: MUSLIM SCHOLARS TOWARDS WESTERN INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available It could be spoken up that ‘ulama’ of classical and medieval ages carried out interdisciplinary approaches in dealing with difficulties they had encountered in understanding Islamic texts or teachings. This could be indicated from a number of the ‘ulama’ who possessed not only one expertise but more, such as an Arabic linguist who was also expert both in Islamic jurisprudence, quranic exegesis and Muhammadan tradition. Therefore, it was common sense that when they were interpreting quranic verses they not only exercised other quranic verses or Muhammadan tradition but also the Arabic linguistic or Islamic jurisprudence to catch the meaning of the verses they had been interpreting.

  13. Interdisciplinary contributions to theory for collaborative networks

    CERN Document Server

    Dekkers, Rob

    2012-01-01

    Scientific progress on a field is mostly discussed within disciplines. Far less attention is paid to outside or between disciplines' work. To speed up research progresses for Collaborative Networks in Manufacturing, a base for further grounded theory establishment is propagated recalling some of the most relevant chapters of philosophy of science. The focus is put onto the roles of disciplines and their scholars involved in interdisciplinary contexts in order to further motivate as well as to hint at a number of catalysing forces and fruitful impacts of outside disciplines' work.

  14. Undergraduate engineering students' experiences of interdisciplinary learning: a phenomenographic perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Ming-Chien

    Engineers are expected to work with people with different disciplinary knowledge to solve real-world problems that are inherently complex, which is one of the reasons that interdisciplinary learning has become a common pedagogical practice in engineering education. However, empirical evidence on the impact of interdisciplinary learning on undergraduates is lacking. Regardless of the differences in the scope of methods used to assess interdisciplinary learning, frameworks of interdisciplinary learning are imperative for developing attainable outcomes as well as interpreting assessment data. Existing models of interdisciplinary learning have been either conceptual or based on research faculty members' experiences rather than empirical data. The study addressed the gap by exploring the different ways that undergraduate engineering students experience interdisciplinary learning. A phenomenographic methodological framework was used to guide the design, data collection, and data analysis of the study. Twenty-two undergraduate engineering students with various interdisciplinary learning experiences were interviewed using semi-structured protocols. They concretely described their experiences and reflected meaning associated with those experiences. Analysis of the data revealed eight qualitatively different ways that students experience interdisciplinary learning, which include: interdisciplinary learning as (A) no awareness of differences, (B) control and assertion, (C) coping with differences, (D) navigating creative differences, (E) learning from differences, (F) bridging differences, (G) expanding intellectual boundaries, and (H) commitment to holistic perspectives. Categories D through H represent a hierarchical structure of increasingly comprehensive way of experiencing interdisciplinary learning. Further analysis uncovered two themes that varied throughout the categories: (i) engagement with differences and (ii) purpose and integration. Students whose experiences lie

  15. Chasing polys: Interdisciplinary affinity and its connection to physics identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Tyler D.

    This research is based on two motivations that merge by means of the frameworks of interdisciplinary affinity and physics identity. First, a goal of education is to develop interdisciplinary abilities in students' thinking and work. But an often ignored factor is students interests and beliefs about being interdisciplinary. Thus, this work develops and uses a framework called interdisciplinary affinity. It encompasses students interests in making connections across disciplines and their beliefs about their abilities to make those connections. The second motivation of this research is to better understand how to engage more students with physics. Physics identity describes how a student sees themselves in relation to physics. By understanding how physics identity is developed, researchers and educators can identify factors that increase interest and engagement in physics classrooms. Therefore, physics identity was used in conjunction with interdisciplinary affinity. Using a mixed methods approach, this research used quantitative data to identify the relationships interdisciplinary affinity has with physics identity and the physics classroom. These connections were explored in more detail using a case study of three students in a high school physics class. Results showed significant and positive relationships between interdisciplinary affinity and physics identity, including the individual interest and recognition components of identity. It also identified characteristics of physics classrooms that had a significant, positive relationship with interdisciplinary affinity. The qualitative case study highlighted the importance of student interest to the relationship between interdisciplinary affinity and physics identity. It also identified interest and mastery orientation as key to understanding the link between interdisciplinary affinity and the physics classroom. These results are a positive sign that by understanding interdisciplinary affinity and physics identity

  16. Interdisciplinary Approaches to Managing Pain in Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickson-Griffiths, Abigail; Kaasalainen, Sharon; Herr, Keela

    2016-11-01

    An interdisciplinary approach to managing pain has been widely used in managing specific pain conditions (eg, lower back and fibromyalgia) but not reviewed specifically for older adults. Interdisciplinary approaches have been used in primary, residential long-term, and acute care settings, where a variety of health care professionals work on pain teams to manage pain in older adults. Given the multidimensional nature of pain in older adults, interdisciplinary approaches to managing pain are recommended in practice. This article reviews the rationale supporting an interdisciplinary approach to managing pain in older adults and summarizes studies that have evaluated this approach. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. RETHINKING RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY INTERPRETATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roderick J. Lawrence

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1950s academics and professionals have proposed a number of disciplinary and sector based interpretations of why, when and where households move or choose to stay in the same housing unit at different periods of the life cycle and especially the family cycle. This article challenges studies that only analyse one set of factors. The article stems from a synthesis of 20 years of research by the author who  has an interdisciplinary training in the broad field of people-environment relations. First, it reviews some key concepts related to human ecology, including housing, culture, identity and cultivation. Then it will consider how these concepts can be applied to interpret residential mobility using an interdisciplinary approach. An empirical case study of residential mobility in Geneva, Switzerland is presented in order to show how this approach can help improve our understanding of the motives people have regarding the wish to stay in their residence or to move elsewhere.

  18. Hydrology: The interdisciplinary science of water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Richard M.; Lall, Upmanu; Cai, Ximing; Rajagopalan, Balaji; Weiskel, Peter K.; Hooper, Richard P.; Matalas, Nicholas C.

    2015-01-01

    We live in a world where biophysical and social processes are tightly coupled. Hydrologic systems change in response to a variety of natural and human forces such as climate variability and change, water use and water infrastructure, and land cover change. In turn, changes in hydrologic systems impact socioeconomic, ecological, and climate systems at a number of scales, leading to a coevolution of these interlinked systems. The Harvard Water Program, Hydrosociology, Integrated Water Resources Management, Ecohydrology, Hydromorphology, and Sociohydrology were all introduced to provide distinct, interdisciplinary perspectives on water problems to address the contemporary dynamics of human interaction with the hydrosphere and the evolution of the Earth’s hydrologic systems. Each of them addresses scientific, social, and engineering challenges related to how humans influence water systems and vice versa. There are now numerous examples in the literature of how holistic approaches can provide a structure and vision of the future of hydrology. We review selected examples, which taken together, describe the type of theoretical and applied integrated hydrologic analyses and associated curricular content required to address the societal issue of water resources sustainability. We describe a modern interdisciplinary science of hydrology needed to develop an in-depth understanding of the dynamics of the connectedness between human and natural systems and to determine effective solutions to resolve the complex water problems that the world faces today. Nearly, every theoretical hydrologic model introduced previously is in need of revision to accommodate how climate, land, vegetation, and socioeconomic factors interact, change, and evolve over time.

  19. Interdisciplinary Professional Development: Astrolabes for Medievalists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Kristine

    2014-06-01

    Astronomers and astronomy educators have significantly broadened the intended audience for their outreach activities, from the traditional venues of public schools, libraries and planetariums to national parks, coffee houses, and concert halls. At the same time, significant attention has been paid to improving the quality and relevance of professional development directed toward preservice and inservice science teachers. Many of our outreach and professional development programs have also become increasingly creative in their use of interdisciplinary connections to astronomy, such as cultural astronomy and the history of astronomy. This poster describes a specific example of interdisciplinary professional development directed at a different audience, humanities faculty and researchers, through hands-on workshops on the basic astronomical background and usage of an astrolabe conducted at the International Congress on Medieval Studies at Western Michigan University in 2013 and 2014. The goal was to explain the basic astronomy behind astrolabes (as well as their cultural relevance) to medieval scholars in history, literature, and other disciplines. The intention was to increase their comfort with manipulating and explaining astrolabes to a basic level where they could share their knowledge with their own college classes. In this way the relevance of astronomy to myriad human endeavors could be reinforced by humanities faculty within their own courses.

  20. Hydrology: The interdisciplinary science of water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Richard M.; Lall, Upmanu; Cai, Ximing; Rajagopalan, Balaji; Weiskel, Peter K.; Hooper, Richard P.; Matalas, Nicholas C.

    2015-06-01

    We live in a world where biophysical and social processes are tightly coupled. Hydrologic systems change in response to a variety of natural and human forces such as climate variability and change, water use and water infrastructure, and land cover change. In turn, changes in hydrologic systems impact socioeconomic, ecological, and climate systems at a number of scales, leading to a coevolution of these interlinked systems. The Harvard Water Program, Hydrosociology, Integrated Water Resources Management, Ecohydrology, Hydromorphology, and Sociohydrology were all introduced to provide distinct, interdisciplinary perspectives on water problems to address the contemporary dynamics of human interaction with the hydrosphere and the evolution of the Earth's hydrologic systems. Each of them addresses scientific, social, and engineering challenges related to how humans influence water systems and vice versa. There are now numerous examples in the literature of how holistic approaches can provide a structure and vision of the future of hydrology. We review selected examples, which taken together, describe the type of theoretical and applied integrated hydrologic analyses and associated curricular content required to address the societal issue of water resources sustainability. We describe a modern interdisciplinary science of hydrology needed to develop an in-depth understanding of the dynamics of the connectedness between human and natural systems and to determine effective solutions to resolve the complex water problems that the world faces today. Nearly, every theoretical hydrologic model introduced previously is in need of revision to accommodate how climate, land, vegetation, and socioeconomic factors interact, change, and evolve over time.

  1. An interdisciplinary study in initial teacher training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Larraz Rada

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This experiment of innovative university education shows the interdisciplinary work carried out in the studies of the Bachelor of Science in Education at the University of Andorra. The study was developed within two subjects: Communication Technology (TAC and Cultural Heritage Education in Andorra. The main objective of this experiment is to foster the use of technological resources and digital materials, with the aim of drawing cultural heritage closer to the classroom. Based on a previous study of documentation and an analysis of online educational materials, the students have to design an e-book, which is understood to be digital material in the curricular field of cultural heritage. This digital material is a didactic proposal that focuses on the construction of knowledge by primary school students. During the elaboration of the materials the instructors introduce follow-up activities. The results of the experiment show that, from an interdisciplinary approach, and a problem-solving, learning-centered methodology, specific and transferable abilities in initial teacher training can be studied and evaluated.

  2. Transformation of Geography as an Interdisciplinary Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Afrakhteh

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Geography as a science of the spatial analysis of phenomena is based on three main objectives: studying spatial structures, examining the locational-spatial order of socio-economic activities, and searching spatial relationships and functions through hierarchical leveling of rural and urban settlements. The applied form of geography or “spatial planning” addresses the modification of spatial structures, the locational-spatial order of activities, and the organization of spatial relationships and functions. There are mutual interactions between structure and function in this spatial order. Science has developed a complex structure through the electronic revolution, which is called “third wave science”; also specialized studies have developed. Specialized studies result in a very deep understanding of subjects, but this deep understanding always remains just in a “spot” and its applications could be traumatic, which is because it is not regulated in combination with other dimensions of human life. This kind of science cannot be beneficial in human life or solve some important problems. The main aim of this article, which is based on qualitative content analysis, is to analyze geography as an interdisciplinary science. The findings of the study show that geographical research has interdisciplinary characteristics; otherwise it cannot explain today’s complex problems. Geography can both use the findings of other sciences, including statistics, mathematics, economics, sociology, history and psychology, and provide them with services and help.

  3. Editorial "The Interdisciplinary Nature of SOIL"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brevik, E. C.; Cerdá, A.; Mataix-Solera, J.; Pereg, L.; Quinton, J. N.; Six, J.; Van Oost, K.

    2014-09-01

    The holistic study of soils requires an interdisciplinary approach involving biologists, chemists, geologists, and physicists amongst others, something that has been true from the earliest days of the field. This approach has been strengthened and reinforced as current research continues to use experts trained in both soil science and related fields and by the wide array of issues impacting the world's biosphere that require an in-depth understanding of soils. Of fundamental importance amongst these issues are biodiversity, biofuels/energy security, climate change, ecosystem services, food security, human health, land degradation, and water security, each representing a critical challenge for research. In order to establish a benchmark for the type of research we seek to highlight in each issue of SOIL, here in this editorial, we outline the interdisciplinary nature of soil science research that we are seeking for in SOIL, with a focus on the myriad ways soil science can be used to expand investigation into a more holistic and therefore richer approach to soil research. In addition, we provide a selection of invited review papers in the first issue of SOIL that address the study of soils and the ways in which soil investigations are essential to other related fields. We hope that both this editorial and the first issue will serve as examples of the kinds of topics we would like to see published in SOIL and will stimulate excitement among our readers and authors to participate in this new venture.

  4. Interdisciplinary perspectives on Latin American Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jussi Pakkasvirta

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La historia de los estudios sobre América Latina es sin lugar a dudas, multi e interdisciplinaria pero menos transdisciplinaria. Sin embargo, existen una variedad de posibilidades y oportunidades interesantes para desarrollar los estudios temáticos y culturales hacia un enfoque más radical y transdisciplinario. Este artículo analiza diferentes formas de sistematizar algunos aspectos de los estudios Latino-americanos como un campo específico o como una ‘disciplina’. Esto incluye como requisito una cultura de aprendizaje democrática, el uso del realismo crítico de una manera interdisciplinaria, la combinación de análisis interno-externo y el repensar las formas de análisis de datos cualitativos y cuantitativos. English: The history of Latin American studies is, without doubt, multi- and interdisciplinary but less transdisciplinary. There are nevertheless a host of interesting possibilities and opportunities to develop area and cultural studies toward a more radical transdisciplinary approach. This article, addresses several ways of systematising some aspects of Latin American studies as a distinct academic field or as a ‘discipline’. These include a request for a democratic learning culture, the use of critical realism in an interdisciplinary way, the combination of internal–external analysis, and the rethinking of quantitative and qualitative analysis and data.

  5. Criminologyof the future: interdisciplinary scientific connections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonyan Yu.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of interdisciplinary scientific connections of the modern criminology conditional on the open character of this science and the necessity of its further development are given. The narrow-purpose character of criminological researches is noted: trivial subject matter; the criminologists’ lack of psychological, psychiatric, economical, historical, biological, ethnological and other knowledge; insufficiency of complex interdisciplinary works and empirical studies. Different viewpoints on the type of criminologists’ education are analyzed. That emphasizes the necessity of cooperation between criminology and other sciences, such as: sociology, demography, culturology, psychology, economics, pedagogics, psychiatry, ethnology, history, biology, political science, philosophy and others. The phenomenon of criminology is argued: it studies a “bad”, criminal, immoral person unlike other sciences (it belongs to the number of sciences which object is person. The main parameter of criminology as a science is examined – its subject which allows to distinguish it from other legal disciplines especially from criminal law. New aspects of interconnection between criminology and criminal procedure, criminalistics, the theory of investigation activity and criminal executive law are shown. The stable connections with family law, banking law, financial law and administrative law are considered. The author emphasizes the significant potential of developing criminology in its connection with nonlegal sciences: sociology, psychiatry, economics, statistics, psychology (including criminal psychology, biology and philosophy. It is noted that prospects and progress of criminology are possible only in its cooperation with other sciences.

  6. Development of quality indicators for low-risk labor care provided by midwives using a RAND-modified Delphi method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueda, Kayo; Ohtera, Shosuke; Kaso, Misato; Nakayama, Takeo

    2017-09-22

    In childbirth, most deliveries are low-risk, defined as spontaneous labor at full term without special high-risk facts or complications, especially in high-resource countries where maternal and perinatal mortality rates are very low. Indeed, the majority of mothers and infants have no serious conditions during labor. However, the quality of care provided is not assured, and performance may vary by birthing facility and provider. The overuse of technology in childbirth in some parts of the world is almost certainly based on assumptions like, "something can go wrong at any minute." There is a need to assess the quality of care provided for mothers and infants in low-risk labor. We aimed to develop specific quality indicators for low-risk labor care provided primarily by midwives in Japan. We used a RAND-modified Delphi method, which integrates evidence review with expert consensus development. The procedure comprises five steps: (1) literature review, including clinical practice guidelines, to extract and develop quality indicator candidates; (2) formation of a multidisciplinary panel; (3) independent panel ratings (Round 1); (4) panel meeting and independent panel ratings (Round 2); and (5) independent panel ratings (Round 3). The three independent panel ratings (Rounds 1-3) were held between July and December 2012. The assembled multidisciplinary panel comprised eight clinicians (two pediatricians, three obstetricians, and three midwives) and three mothers who were nonclinicians. Evidentiary review extracted 166 key recommendations from 32 clinical practice guidelines, and 31 existing quality indicators were added. After excluding duplicate recommendations and quality indicators, the panel discussed 25 candidate indicators. Of these, 18 were adopted, one was modified, six were not adopted, and four were added during the meeting, respectively. We established 23 quality indicators for low-risk labor care provided by midwives in labor units in Japan.

  7. Color vision deficiency compensation for Visual Processing Disorder using Hardy-Rand-Rittler test and color transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balbin, Jessie R.; Pinugu, Jasmine Nadja J.; Bautista, Joshua Ian C.; Nebres, Pauline D.; Rey Hipolito, Cipriano M.; Santella, Jose Anthony A.

    2017-06-01

    Visual processing skill is used to gather visual information from environment however, there are cases that Visual Processing Disorder (VPD) occurs. The so called visual figure-ground discrimination is a type of VPD where color is one of the factors that contributes on this type. In line with this, color plays a vital role in everyday living, but individuals that have limited and inaccurate color perception suffers from Color Vision Deficiency (CVD) and still not aware on their case. To resolve this case, this study focuses on the design of KULAY, a Head-Mounted Display (HMD) device that can assess whether a user has a CVD or not thru the standard Hardy-Rand-Rittler (HRR) test. This test uses pattern recognition in order to evaluate the user. In addition, color vision deficiency simulation and color correction thru color transformation is also a concern of this research. This will enable people with normal color vision to know how color vision deficient perceives and vice-versa. For the accuracy of the simulated HRR assessment, its results were validated thru an actual assessment done by a doctor. Moreover, for the preciseness of color transformation, Structural Similarity Index Method (SSIM) was used to compare the simulated CVD images and the color corrected images to other reference sources. The output of the simulated HRR assessment and color transformation shows very promising results indicating effectiveness and efficiency of the study. Thus, due to its form factor and portability, this device is beneficial in the field of medicine and technology.

  8. Dinámica microbial del suelo asociada a diferentes estrategias de manejo de Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands en aguacate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Guillermo Ramírez Gil

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La marchitez del aguacate es la enfermedad más limitante de este cultivo, cuyo agente causal más relevante es el oomycete Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands. Es por esto que se han desarrollado diferentes estrategias para su manejo integrado, pero aún prevalece el uso de productos químicos, como única medida de manejo, generando impactos negativos en el ambiente y la salud. Uno de los efectos perjudiciales que se ocasiona es la alteración de las poblaciones microbianas en el suelo. Este trabajo estuvo encaminado a conocer la dinámica microbiana del suelo, bajo diferentes estrategias de manejo de esta enfermedad, para lo cual se midió su dinamismo mediante unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC, para hongos, bacterias y actinomicetos, a partir de muestras de suelo y rizósfera de la raíz, bajo incubación en condiciones de anaerobiosis y aerobiosis, además se midió la actividad microbiana total, en condiciones de laboratorio, como complemento se cuantificaron microorganismos como: Trichiderma spp, bacterias formadoras de endosporas (BAFE, celulolíticos, proteolíticos, amilolíticos, solubilizadores de fosfato, fijadores asimbióticos de nitrógeno y promotores del crecimiento, como Pseudomonas spp., fluorescentes. Los resultados encontrados en esta investigación, sugieren que el uso individual y combinado de mantillo orgánico, material compostado de estiércol bovino, enmienda mineral y cascarilla de arroz y la propuesta de integración; incrementan significativamente la población y actividad microbiana aerobia, en la cual se identificaron microorganismos antagonistas como, Trichiderma spp., celulolíticos, Pseudomonas spp. fluorescentes y BAFE.

  9. Factors influencing access to pharmaceutical services in underserviced areas of the West Rand District, Gauteng Province, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ditonkana A. Sello

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The study examined demographic and socio-economic factors that may influence pharmaceutical services (PS in underserviced communities of the West Rand District, Gauteng Province, South Africa. A quantitative survey was conducted using structured questionnaires administered to the general public (n = 2014 in Bekkersdal, Kagiso, Mohlakeng, Munsville and Diepsloot townships. The questionnaire explored demographic details, employment and education status, income levels, payment methods and convenience of services. Of the respondents, 54.0% were women, 52.0% were unemployed; 65.0% had secondary educationor higher and > 70.0% had no income or earned < R1000 p.m. Unemployment was higher amongst women. Only 13.9% of respondents had medical aid membership, which influenced their choice of health provider, with the exception of pharmacy services which are notaffected by medical aid membership. Medical aid members were, however, more able to pay. Employment status and education also influenced the choice of provider, with most of the employed (66.0% and educated (64.4% preferring a pharmacy or GP. On pharmacist gender, 47.5% of respondents had no preference, 27.6% preferred male pharmacists, whilst 24.9% preferred female pharmacists. Men with preferences preferred male providers (77.0%, whilst female respondents preferred female providers (69.3%. Respondents with no formal education and those with low or no income expressed higher gender preferences rates than those with formal education or higher income, respectively. Thus, access to PS was influenced by gender, age, family income and education level. Whilst medical aid membership had no influence on access to PS, it influenced ability to pay. These factors should be considered by those wishing to offer PS in such areas.

  10. Breaking Down Walls to Creativity through Interdisciplinary Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Richard E.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes initial success in developing an interdisciplinary studio for teaching collaborative creativity and design, with faculty from multiple departments co-teaching and co-mentoring interdisciplinary student groups engaged in social innovation. The rationale for developing this studio has been to prepare students for the kind of…

  11. Examining the Impact of Interdisciplinary Programs on Student Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lattuca, Lisa R.; Knight, David; Seifert, Tricia A.; Reason, Robert D.; Liu, Qin

    2017-01-01

    We investigated how learning outcomes of students majoring in interdisciplinary fields differ from those of students in discipline-based majors. We found that students in interdisciplinary majors report less change in Critical Thinking and Need For Cognition than their peers in disciplinary majors, but no difference in change in Positive Attitude…

  12. Fostering Interdisciplinary Thinking through an International Development Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellett, Rachel L.; Esperanza, Jennifer; Phan, Diep

    2016-01-01

    Despite widespread acknowledgment of the importance of interdisciplinary pedagogy, disciplinary teaching remains the norm on most campuses, primarily due to cost and institutional constraints. Bridging the gap between literature on interdisciplinary teaching and active-learning techniques, this article describes an innovative and less costly…

  13. A Model and Strategies for Realizing Secondary Level Interdisciplinary Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rye, James A.; Campbell, Star; Bardwell, Jenny

    This paper discusses strategies that can be used to realize interdisciplinary instruction at the secondary level and details a sample curriculum that employs themes related to human nutrition. The Secondary Level Interdisciplinary Curriculum is organized around five thematic units that present nutrition issues highly relevant to adolescents:…

  14. Inclusive and Exclusive Knowledge Practices in Interdisciplinary, International Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tange, Hanne

    2016-01-01

    This study provides a critical engagement with the principle of inclusion, as manifest in three international, interdisciplinary master programmes in Denmark. Initially, it is proposed that one focuses on the knowledge practices found in international, interdisciplinary education, asking to what extent these suggest inclusion in the sense that all…

  15. Scientific Aspects of Leonardo da Vinci's Drawings: An Interdisciplinary Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Struthers, Sally A.

    While interdisciplinary courses can help demonstrate the relevance of learning to students and reinforce education from different fields, they can be difficult to implement and are often not cost effective. An interdisciplinary art history course at Ohio's Sinclair Community College incorporates science into the art history curriculum, making use…

  16. Integrating Interdisciplinary Research-Based Experiences in Biotechnology Laboratories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Rupa S.; Wales, Melinda E.

    2012-01-01

    The increasingly interdisciplinary nature of today's scientific research is leading to the transformation of undergraduate education. In addressing these needs, the University of Houston's College of Technology has developed a new interdisciplinary research-based biotechnology laboratory curriculum. Using the pesticide degrading bacterium,…

  17. Use of the Interdisciplinary Team Approach in the Rehabilitation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research and clinical experience have shown the importance of using a team approach in the rehabilitation of stroke patients. The interdisciplinary team approach is recommended in the managing or rehabilitation of such patients. This study sought to determine if the interdisciplinary team approach was utilized in the ...

  18. How to Launch a Doctoral Interdisciplinary Leadership Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Barbara L.; Cherney, Isabelle D.; Martin, Jim R.; Breen, Jennifer Moss; Oltman, Gretchen

    2015-01-01

    Building a doctoral program in leadership is never an easy task, and building an interdisciplinary doctoral program is even more difficult. Yet, it is the interdisciplinary approach that differentiates typical leadership programs from others and offers learners an integrated view of leadership theories and practices. This special report presents…

  19. Interdisciplinary thinking in agricultural and life sciences higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spelt, E.J.H.; Biemans, H.J.A.; Luning, P.A.; Tobi, H.; Mulder, M.

    2010-01-01

    Interdisciplinary thinking as a skill appears to be of value to higher education students and those in employment. This idea is explored with reference to the agricultural and life sciences. The need for further understanding of the development of interdisciplinary thinking is acknowledged. This is

  20. Chaos: A Topic for Interdisciplinary Education in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Saebyok

    2009-01-01

    Since society and science need interdisciplinary works, the interesting topic of chaos is chosen for interdisciplinary education in physics. The educational programme contains various university-level activities such as computer simulations, chaos experiment and team projects besides ordinary teaching. According to the participants, the programme…

  1. Film Scenes in Interdisciplinary Education: Teaching the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Young-mee; Kim, Kwang-sun; Im, Tami

    2017-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is gaining importance in education owing to its rapid development. This study addresses the importance of interdisciplinary education between technology and the humanities. The use of films as a teaching resource is suitable for interdisciplinary education because films represent creative forecasts and predictions on…

  2. An Interdisciplinary Model for Connecting Writing, Psychology, and Printmaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Staci

    2015-01-01

    This article presents an effective model for a manageable interdisciplinary project that shows students the connections among art, English, and other disciplines; gives composition students an external audience for their writing; and emphasizes the importance of research in the process of creating arguments and art. This interdisciplinary project…

  3. Evolution of interdisciplinary collaboration: what are stimulating conditions?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Edelenbos (Jurian); N.E.W. Bressers (Nanny); L. Vandenbussche (Lieselot)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractIn the past, the attention paid to interdisciplinary working focused on putting it into practice. As it turns out, this is not without problems. This paper looks closely at the development of interdisciplinary working in a longitudinal case study. Our objective is to provide insight into

  4. La filosofía mesiánica de la historia de Walter Benjamin y Varujan Vosganian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Izquierdo López

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo aborda la fascinante y fulgurante afinidad existente entre las filosofías de la historia del filósofo judío Walter Benjamin y del autor armenio-rumano Varujan Vosganian. Para ello, toma como punto de partida dos textos básicos; por un lado, las Tesis de filosofía de la historia del afamado pensador de la Escuela de Frankfurt y, por otro, El libro de los susurros, exitosa narración del escritor rumano contemporáneo, galardonada en 2009 con el Premio a la Mejor Novela Europea. No obstante, dada la pluralidad de interpretaciones de que las tesis benjaminianas han sido objeto hasta el momento, la investigación hace suya la propuesta por el sociólogo franco-brasileño Michael Löwy en su extraordinario ensayo Walter Benjamin. Aviso de incendio. La particularidad de dicha interpretación estriba en que Löwy es el único analista que ha entrevisto una suerte de «fusión alquímica» entre las dimensiones teológica y política presentes en las «tesis» ya referidas, fusión en la que creemos que se origina la sorprendente analogía que presentan los imaginarios de la historia benjaminiano y vosganiano. A su vez, dicho isomorfismo se deriva de la influencia ejercida sobre ambos autores por la corriente de pensamiento conocida como «romanticismo anticapitalista», a partir de la cual uno y otro orquestan una profunda crítica de la ideología del progreso -a la que culpan del exterminio de sus respectivos pueblos-, y frente a la que proponen como alternativa un heterodoxo relato emancipatorio cuyo fundamento radica en la rechazo de la historiografía positivista, la fusión de las luchas profanas y de las aspiraciones mesiánicas y el hermanamiento entre el futuro prometido y el recuerdo de los vencidos.

  5. Towards mutual understanding within interdisciplinary palaeoenvironmental research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Förster, F.; Großmann, R.; Hinz, M.

    2013-01-01

    the humanities and natural sciences alike. This comprises the disciplines art history, prehistoric archaeology, classical archaeology, ecology, geography, geology, and history. As a result, it can be stated that landscape is a cultural term: Landscapes are a cultural construct, and any landscape is the result......The term landscape is a crucial term for a diversity of scientific disciplines researching the Quaternary, each of which maintains different concepts and definitions. With increasing interdisciplinary research cooperation between disparate disciplines, a basis for communication has...... of contemporary vision which is culturally influenced by the current context. Thus, landscapes are always shaped through today's construction of landscapes, independent from the discipline, and equally if in or for modern, or prehistoric times, and equally, if with or without humans....

  6. Chronicles of laboratory workshops and interdisciplinary teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Signe Juhl; Omar, Ghada Said Mohammed

    2016-01-01

    Scholars in the Robot Culture and Aesthetics group (ROCA; Department of Arts and Cultural Studies, Copenhagen University) unite cultural and aesthetic theories within a practice-based approach by working together in laboratory workshops to explore, imagine and theorise in order to create new types...... of human-technology interaction. When taking part in practice-based robotics workshops to explore open-ended activities, a setting has been created to foster the exploration of aesthetic processes in different ways than in traditional research processes. Using this unorthodox approach to knowledge......, exploring open ending activities within practice-based learning in a teaching setting, an in-progress research project, studying students interdisciplinary and inter-sectorial collaborations through practice related issues in a module on Maternal and Child Health will be presented. Doing so theory...

  7. Organizing Knowing in Interdisciplinary MRI Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yoshinaka, Yutaka

    This paper addresses organizational knowledge practices pertaining to the interdisciplinary work of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at a hospital radiology department. The setting occasions an interesting venue for exploring domestication of MRI as it unfolds in distributed settings of collective...... envisaged to deal with the department’s appropriation of a new MRI scanner, occasioned by the replacement of an existing model. Work was reorganised to reflect this aspect in the practice protocols from early on, where personnel previously assigned only to other imaging modalities such as the department......'s CT-scan and X-ray machines, were to take on MRI scanning, on an albeit rotational basis. Opening up to a broader group of operators to the scanning practice was to allow for organizational flexibility and a broader basis for competence building among radiology staff, where different occupational...

  8. Optoelectronic lessons as an interdisciplinary lecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Dan; Wu, Maocheng; Gu, Jihua

    2017-08-01

    It is noticed that more and more students in college are passionately curious about the optoelectronic technology, since optoelectronic technology has advanced extremely quickly during the last five years and its applications could be found in a lot of domains. The students who are interested in this area may have different educational backgrounds and their majors cover science, engineering, literature and social science, etc. Our course "History of the Optoelectronic Technology" is set up as an interdisciplinary lecture of the "liberal education" at our university, and is available for all students with different academic backgrounds from any departments of our university. The main purpose of the course is to show the interesting and colorful historical aspects of the development of this technology, so that the students from different departments could absorb the academic nourishment they wanted. There are little complex derivations of physical formulas through the whole lecture, but there are still some difficulties about the lecture which is discussed in this paper.

  9. Ovarian cancer in an interdisciplinary context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seibæk, Lene

      Introduction Worldwide, ovarian cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer, with more than 200,000 new cases each year and 125,000 related deaths. During the last decade, centralization and standardisation of surgical treatment have proven to be important tools in ovarian cancer to improve...... quality and survival. However, treatment efforts must be combined with high quality care, psychosocial support and organisational improvements.   Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate an optimal debulking surgery programme in ovarian cancer, and subsequently develop a method of monitoring...... care resources and in future research. By using the interdisciplinary approach, women with ovarian cancer can benefit from a coherent and collaborative health care system.  ...

  10. Heuristic thinking: interdisciplinary perspectives on medical error

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annegret F. Hannawa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 43 million adverse events occur across the globe each year at a cost of at least 23 million disability-adjusted life years and $132 billion in excess health care spending, ranking this safety burden among the top 10 medical causes of disability in the world.1 These findings are likely to be an understatement of the actual severity of the problem, given that the numbers merely reflect seven types of adverse events and completely neglect ambulatory care, and of course they only cover reported incidents. Furthermore, they do not include statistics on children and incidents from India and China, which host more than a third of the world’s population. Best estimates imply that about two thirds of these incidents are preventable. Thus, from a public health perspective, medical errors are a seri- ous global health burden, in fact ahead of high-profile health problems like AIDS and cancer. Interventions to date have not reduced medical errors to satisfactory rates. Even today, far too often, hand hygiene is not practiced properly (even in developed countries, surgical procedures take place in underequipped operating theaters, and checklists are missing or remain uncompleted. The healthcare system seems to be failing in managing its errors − it is costing too much, and the complexity of care causes severe safety hazards that too often harm rather than help patients. In response to this evolving discussion, the International Society for Quality in Healthcare recently nominated an Innovations Team that is now developing new strategies. One of the emerging themes is that the medical field cannot resolve this problem on its own. Instead, interdisciplinary collaborations are needed to advance effective, evidence-based interventions that will eventually result in competent changes. In March 2013, the Institute of Communication and Health at the University of Lugano organized a conference on Communicating Medical Error (COME 2013 in

  11. [Perspectives of an existential interdisciplinary body theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühn, R

    1990-01-01

    The existence analytical inquiry has developed corporal models that admit in their integrative-anthropological form fertile comparisons with a phenomenological radical immanence-philosophy of the constitution. The "body as partner" (W. Blankenburg) and the not objectivitical measurable connection of the "figure- and functionbody" contain estimates, to understand the body as living "I can" (Maine de Biran; Husserl) that means as really final subjectivity, ipseity or "soul", like the french phenomenologist Michel Henry from the creature of the not secularized affectivity has analyzed. With that the remained rests of the still from world categories imaginaried connection get powered (transcendence, sensuousness, settlement by Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Schütz for example) to conceive the body as not inferable absolute origin being. Seen interdisciplinary there from results a new foundation for an evidence as constitution-comprehension, that can psychological like therapeutical the pathogenous for instance theoretical world/constitution/soul-distortions help over-power.

  12. Mathematics without boundaries surveys in interdisciplinary research

    CERN Document Server

    Rassias, Themistocles

    2014-01-01

    This volume consists of chapters written by eminent scientists and engineers from the international community and presents significant advances in several theories, and applications of an interdisciplinary research. These contributions focus on both old and recent developments of Global Optimization Theory, Convex Analysis, Calculus of Variations, and Discrete Mathematics and Geometry, as well as several applications to a large variety of concrete problems, including  applications of computers  to the study of smoothness and analyticity of functions, applications to epidemiological diffusion, networks, mathematical models of elastic and piezoelectric fields, optimal algorithms, stability of neutral type vector functional differential equations, sampling and rational interpolation for non-band-limited signals, recurrent neural network for convex optimization problems, and experimental design.  The book also contains some review works, which could prove particularly useful for a broader audience of readers i...

  13. Transfer and Cohesion in Interdisciplinary Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Søren Harnow Klausen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the great challenges of interdisciplinary education is to create sufficient cohesion between disciplines. It is suggested that cohesion depends on the transfer of knowledge (in a broad sense, which includes skill and competences among the disciplines involved. Some of the most characteristic types of such transfer are identified and analyzed: Transfer of factual knowledge, theories, methods, models, skills, modes of collaboration and organization, meta-competences, disciplinary self-consciousness, problem selection, framework construction and motivation. Though some of these types of transfer may have a greater or smaller potential for creating cohesion, different kinds of cohesion may serve different interests, and there is no reason to assume that e.g. joint problem solving or theoretical integration should be more conducive to cohesion than e.g. contributions to motivation or disciplinary self-consciousness.

  14. Development and evaluation of interdisciplinary team standards of patient care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beverley, L; Dobson, D; Atkinson, M; Caldwell, L

    1997-01-01

    Interdisciplinary team collaboration is considered an essential component of most health care services. The overall goal of such collaboration in mental health services/ psychiatry is to provide a comprehensive biopsychosocial perspective organized around patient needs and stages of treatment. There is also increasing interest in using an interdisciplinary framework to monitor and evaluate patient care. Unfortunately, little information is available regarding treatment standards that address the issue of interdisciplinary team collaboration. This project was designed to formulate a set of interdisciplinary team standards of patient care. This article presents the standards and provides an overview of the interdisciplinary processes through which they were developed. An empirical evaluation of the standards within one service area--The Affective Disorders Clinic--is also included.

  15. Factors that impact interdisciplinary natural science research collaboration in academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maglaughlin, Kelly L.; Sonnenwald, Diane H.

    2005-01-01

    Interdisciplinary collaboration occurs when people with different educational and research backgrounds bring complementary skills to bear on a problem or task. The strength of interdisciplinary scientific research collaboration is its capacity to bring together diverse scientific knowledge...... to address complex problems and questions. However, interdisciplinary scientific research can be difficult to initiate and sustain. We do not yet fully understand factors that impact interdisciplinary scientific research collaboration. This study synthesizes empirical data from two empirical studies...... to provide a more comprehensive understanding of interdisciplinary scientific research collaboration within the natural sciences in academia. Data analysis confirmed factors previously identified in various literatures and yielded new factors. A total of twenty factors were identified, and classified...

  16. How to carry out interdisciplinary legal research
    Some experiences with an interdisciplinary research method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Schrama

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Interdisciplinary legal research, in which non-legal data are combined with legal data, is a fairly new branch of legal scholarship in the Netherlands. Although it improves the possibilities to measure the effectiveness of legal instruments, it also raises numerous methodological questions, such as a lack of matching empirical data and the translation of legal concepts in socio-empirical terms. Both the pros and cons of the interdisciplinary research method will be addressed and illustrated on the basis of family law research which incorporates socio-empirical data. There are, however, no simple solutions to the pitfalls, but to create awareness of the potential problems may contribute to a better research design and, in the end, to better results.

  17. A multidimensional approach to examine student interdisciplinary learning in science and engineering in higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spelt, Elsbeth; Luning, Pieternelleke Arianne; Boekel, van Tiny; Mulder, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Preparing science and engineering students to work in interdisciplinary teams necessitates research on teaching and learning of interdisciplinary thinking. A multidimensional approach was taken to examine student interdisciplinary learning in a master course on food quality management. The

  18. A multidimensional approach to examine student interdisciplinary learning in science and engineering in higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spelt, Elsbeth; Luning, Pieternelleke Arianne; Boekel, van Tiny; Mulder, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Preparing science and engineering students to work in interdisciplinary teams necessitates research on teaching and learning of interdisciplinary thinking. A multidimensional approach was taken to examine student interdisciplinary learning in a master course on food quality management. The

  19. Thermal instability of a Walters' (model B') elastico-viscous fluid in the presence of variable gravity field and rotation in porous medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, V.; Rana, G.C. [Himachal Pradesh Univ., Shimla (India). Dept. of Mathematics

    2001-07-01

    The problem of thermal instability of a Walters' (model B') viscoelastic fluid in a porous medium is considered in the presence of a variable gravity field and rotation. It is found that the principle of exchange of stabilities is valid under certain conditions. For stationary convection, the Walters' (model B') elastico-viscous fluid behaves like a Newtonian fluid. It is found that rotation has stabilizing effect as gravity increases upward and a destabilizing effect as gravity decreases upward, the medium permeability has stabilizing/destabilizing effects depending on the rotation parameter, gravity is considered to be increasing upward from its value g (i.e. {lambda} > 0). The effects of rotation and the medium permeability on thermal instability have also been shown graphically. The sufficient conditions for the non-existence of overstability are also obtained. (orig.)

  20. Clima e vegetação natural do estado do Rio Grande do Sul segundo o diagrama climático de Walter e Lieth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The natural vegetation in the State of Rio Grande do Sul was related to climatic availability through the climatic diagram of Walter and Lieth (1967. Values of mean monthly air temperature and rainfall from 41 meteorological stations during the period 1931-1960 were taken into account. For each meteorological station, a graph was plotted with months in the x axis and monthly air temperature and rainfall in the two y axis considering the y axis with rainfall two fold the y axis with air temperature. Results showed that Rio Grande do Sul as a whole fits in the zonobioma of warm humid temperate climate and forest vegetation. These results indicate the phytoclimate model of Walter and Lieth (1967 is not appropriate to represent the geographic distribution of the natural vegetation of the State, because this type of vegetation is not only that which covers the State that because it also parents praises.

  1. Vad är tillräckligt mjukt? – kulturell socialisering och lärande i skolans slöjdpraktik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bent Illum

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Utgångspunkten i denna artikel är empiriskt förankrade exempel från den svenska grundskolans slöjdundervisning, årskurs 5. Studien är relaterad till ”Komolärprojektet” (Kommunikation och lärande i slöjdpraktiker som är finansierat genom det svenska Vetenskaps­rådet. Som hjälpmedel för att skildra hur kulturell socialisering och lärande i skolans slöjdpraktik kan formuleras använder vi oss av videoinspelade klassrums­observa­t­ioner. Fokus för analysarbetet är klassrumskommunikationen å den ena sidan och elevernas interaktion med material och redskap å den andra. Slöjd är ett påtagligt kommunikativt ämne på flera vis. Elever bygger upp en egen erfarenhetsvärld när de själva får erfarenheter av hur ”tillräckligt mjuk” känns genom att se, känna och uppleva med kroppen. Lärande­situationerna ger tillgång till tidigare erfarenheter, både egna och andras. Under social interaktion, tillsammans med redskap och material, återskapas och nyskapas ett kollektivt minne. Slöjdkunnandet förvärvas i interaktion med omvärlden, tanke och handling byggs in i upplevelserna.

  2. Interdisciplinary Team Training: Content and Methodology. Interdisciplinary Team Training and Humanistic Patient Care for Hospices. Monograph 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Dottie C.; Grady, Kathleen A.

    This monograph, the fourth in a series of five, provides training information for hospice staff in improving interdisciplinary team functions and humanistic care provisions. Its purpose is to prepare a skilled team of trainers with information about hospices that is relevant to hospice interdisciplinary team training and to document experiences in…

  3. An Inter-Disciplinary Language for Inter-Disciplinary Communication: Academic Globalization, Ethos, Pathos, and Logos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Szabo White

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by the intersection of character, emotions, and logic, much like a Hungarian Rhapsody which is beautifully sad; this paper explores ethos, pathos, and logos in the context of Academic Globalization. As students of the world, an inter-disciplinary language is pivotal for inter-disciplinary communication. Given that the current state of the world stems primarily from miscommunications, it is imperative to launch a cognitive language tool which underscores global commonalities and mitigates cultural differences. Such a platform would foster interdisciplinary research, education, and communication. New paradigms would evolve, grounded in ethos, pathos, and logos. Like yin and yang, these states are interrelated, interacting, and interchanging learning spheres. Just as day and night blend at some point; just as the Parthenon epitomized Greek thought, celebrated the birthplace of democracy, and for the first time, depicted everyday citizens in friezes- underscoring their impactful role- ethos, pathos, and logos represent cross-disciplinary communication devices which synergistically transform and ignite academic globalization. The Literature Review links the concepts of ethos, pathos, and logos with the seminal work Lewis and his LMR framework, which has given birth to Cultureactive and subsequently to ICE [InterCultural Edge]. http://www.fuqua.duke.edu/ciber/programs/we_organize/ice/ Accessed February 14, 2014

  4. O pensamento sonoro-visual de Walter Ruttmann e a música de Berlim: sinfonia de uma metrópole (1927

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiney Rodrigues Carrasco

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the original music score composed for the film Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis (1927, directed by Walter Ruttmann (1887-1941. We try to understand the film's sound/music conception and its relations with Ruttmann's sound conception revealed in his texts. Our central objective is to observe and analyse the music of the silent documentary film and its theory, based on Ruttmann’s film and texts and the original score composed by Edmund Meisel.

  5. Guidelines for sinkhole and subsidence rehabilitation based on generic geological models of a dolomite environment on the East Rand, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinhans, Ilse; Van Rooy, J. Louis

    2016-05-01

    A sound understanding of the various factors influencing and associated with the formation of sinkholes or subsidences on dolomite land is essential for the selection of appropriate rehabilitation methods. The investigation and rehabilitation of numerous sinkholes and subsidences located on dolomite in the East Rand of South Africa, created an opportunity to develop a broad based understanding of different karst environments, their susceptibility to sinkhole and subsidence formation and best practice rehabilitation methods. This paper is based on the guidelines developed whereby the geological model of the sinkhole or subsidence is used to recommend an appropriate rehabilitation method. Nine typical geological models with recommended rehabilitation methods are presented in this paper.

  6. Monoterpenoids from the traditional North Italian vegetable Aruncus dioicus (Walter) Fernald var. vulgaris (Maxim.) H.Hara (Rosaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granica, Sebastian; Fusani, Pietro; Stanisławska, Iwona; Piwowarski, Jakub P; Melck, Dominique; Motta, Andrea; Zidorn, Christian

    2017-04-15

    Investigations of young shoots of Aruncus dioicus (Walter) Fernald var. vulgaris (Maxim.) H.Hara (Rosaceae), collected from the wild and used as vegetables in alpine provinces of Italy, yielded eight monoterpenoids. Besides known compounds, aruncin A, aruncide A, and cimicifugolide, five previously undescribed substances, aruncins C, D, and E, and aruncides D and E, were identified. Based on results from the full synthesis of aruncin B, structures of aruncin A and aruncide A were revised. Structures were established by HR mass spectrometry and extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and based on data from synthetic aruncin B. An HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS method was developed to investigate the distribution of the monoterpenoids in different organs of Aruncus dioicus var. vulgaris and in aerial parts of A. dioicus var. aethusifolius (H.Lév.) H.Hara [Syn.: Aruncus aethusifolius (H.Lév.) Nakai]. Preliminary bioactivity studies moreover indicated weak cytotoxicity for some of the compounds against human prostrate adenocarcinoma cells. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Inverting the food pyramid? Social and cultural acceptability of Walter Willett's dietary recommendations among people with weight concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, A; Korzen, S; Holm, L

    2008-07-01

    The article presents results from a survey that was carried out among participants in a strictly controlled dietary intervention trial in order to investigate and compare the social and cultural acceptability of three different diets. Measures of social and cultural acceptability included liking of diet, social eating events, practical matters surrounding shopping, cooking, eating, understandings of the relationship between diet type, bodyweight and health, and preferences for specific foods. The survey study focuses especially on the acceptability of the diet recommended by American epidemiologist Walter Willett. On most measures the results indicated that a diet based on Willett's recommendations had a generally high level of acceptability. Scepticism related primarily to the health and weight benefits of this diet in comparison with those of the present dietary recommendations in Denmark. The survey also revealed that participants attributed more influence on their body weight to the amount of food they ate than they did to the composition of the diets they followed. While the scope of the study does not allow for the generalizations of results to a general population level, the experimental design provides detailed insight into social and cultural aspects of experiences of strict dietary adherence.

  8. Physiological and biochemical mechanisms of allelopathy mediated by the allelochemical extracts of Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullah, Nazif; Haq, Ihsan Ul; Safdar, Naila; Mirza, Bushra

    2015-10-01

    In allelopathy, one plant suppresses the growth and development of other plant/plants by negatively affecting a variety of physiological and biochemical reactions. We checked the effects of methanolic extracts (allelochemical extracts) of Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter on antioxidant enzyme activities such as peroxidases (PODs), super oxide dismutases (SODs) and catalase (CAT) and on total protein contents (TPC), cellular injury (CI), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the germinating seeds of Brassica napus L. (dicot) and Triticum aestivum L. (monocot). Both the crude methanolic extract root (CMER) and crude methanolic extract aerial (CMEA) of P. latbenia at 10000 ppm significantly reduced the POD activity in both the test seeds. The activity of SODs was significantly decreased by both CMER and CMEA in B. napus germinating seeds. A linear increase in the activity of CAT, CI, and MDA contents was found in both the test seeds with the increasing concentrations of CMEA and CMER, while TPC of the germinating seeds was found decreased. It is inferred that both the CMEA and CMER inhibited/delayed the seed germination, reduced the seedling growth by affecting a variety of biochemical and physiological attributes, and also caused cellular membrane injury in the germinating seeds of both the monocot and dicot seeds. © The Author(s) 2013.

  9. Charge Migration in Eyring, Walter and Kimball's 1944 Model of the Electronically Excited Hydrogen-Molecule Ion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diestler, Dennis J; Hermann, Gunter; Manz, Jörn

    2017-07-20

    In an elementary variational treatment of the electronic structure of H2(+), Eyring, Walter, and Kimball (EWK) serendipitously discovered charge migration (CM) in 1944. Using an analytic expression for the electronic probability density (EPD), they found that if the electron is initially localized on one of the protons (by taking the initial state to be a superposition of the ground and first excited electronic energy eigenstates), then it oscillates adiabatically between fixed protons with a period T inversely proportional to the energy gap between the eigenstates. At the equilibrium internuclear separation, T = 550.9 as. As shown here, the EWK model also yields an analytic formula for the electronic flux density (EFD). While the EPD indicates where the electron is at any instant, the EFD reveals the pathways the electron follows during its migration. Thus, the EFD complements the EPD, providing valuable new insight into the mechanism of CM. The formula for the EFD is a simple product of a time factor and a spatial factor. This factoring exposes a plethora of spatial-temporal symmetry relations which imply novel and surprising properties. An especially significant finding is that, in contrast to multielectron systems, where electron correlation may play a role in CM, in the EWK model of H2(+), CM is due strictly to quantum interference between the ground and first excited electronic states.

  10. Discovery of rhenium and masurium (technetium) by Ida Noddack-Tacke and Walter Noddack. Forgotten heroes of nuclear medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biersack, H-J; Stelzner, F; Knapp, F F

    2015-01-01

    The history of the early identification of elements and their designation to the Mendeleev Table of the Elements was an important chapter in German science in which Ida (1896-1978) and Walter (1893-1960) Noddack played an important role in the first identification of rhenium (element 75, 1925) and technetium (element 43, 1933). In 1934 Ida Noddack was also the first to predict fission of uranium into smaller atoms. Although the Noddacks did not for some time later receive the recognition for the first identification of technetium-99m, their efforts have appropriately more recently been recognized. The discoveries of these early pioneers are even more astounding in light of the limited technologies and resources which were available during this period. The Noddack discoveries of elements 43 and 75 are related to the subsequent use of rhenium-188 (beta/gamma emitter) and technetium-99m (gamma emitter) in nuclear medicine. In particular, the theranostic relationship between these two generator-derived radioisotopes has been demonstrated and offers new opportunities in the current era of personalized medicine.

  11. Barriers and Solutions to Conducting Large International, Interdisciplinary Research Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pischke, Erin C; Knowlton, Jessie L; Phifer, Colin C; Gutierrez Lopez, Jose; Propato, Tamara S; Eastmond, Amarella; de Souza, Tatiana Martins; Kuhlberg, Mark; Picasso Risso, Valentin; Veron, Santiago R; Garcia, Carlos; Chiappe, Marta; Halvorsen, Kathleen E

    2017-12-01

    Global environmental problems such as climate change are not bounded by national borders or scientific disciplines, and therefore require international, interdisciplinary teamwork to develop understandings of their causes and solutions. Interdisciplinary scientific work is difficult enough, but these challenges are often magnified when teams also work across national boundaries. The literature on the challenges of interdisciplinary research is extensive. However, research on international, interdisciplinary teams is nearly non-existent. Our objective is to fill this gap by reporting on results from a study of a large interdisciplinary, international National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education (NSF-PIRE) research project across the Americas. We administered a structured questionnaire to team members about challenges they faced while working together across disciplines and outside of their home countries in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. Analysis of the responses indicated five major types of barriers to conducting interdisciplinary, international research: integration, language, fieldwork logistics, personnel and relationships, and time commitment. We discuss the causes and recommended solutions to the most common barriers. Our findings can help other interdisciplinary, international research teams anticipate challenges, and develop effective solutions to minimize the negative impacts of these barriers to their research.

  12. Barriers and Solutions to Conducting Large International, Interdisciplinary Research Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pischke, Erin C.; Knowlton, Jessie L.; Phifer, Colin C.; Gutierrez Lopez, Jose; Propato, Tamara S.; Eastmond, Amarella; de Souza, Tatiana Martins; Kuhlberg, Mark; Picasso Risso, Valentin; Veron, Santiago R.; Garcia, Carlos; Chiappe, Marta; Halvorsen, Kathleen E.

    2017-12-01

    Global environmental problems such as climate change are not bounded by national borders or scientific disciplines, and therefore require international, interdisciplinary teamwork to develop understandings of their causes and solutions. Interdisciplinary scientific work is difficult enough, but these challenges are often magnified when teams also work across national boundaries. The literature on the challenges of interdisciplinary research is extensive. However, research on international, interdisciplinary teams is nearly non-existent. Our objective is to fill this gap by reporting on results from a study of a large interdisciplinary, international National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education (NSF-PIRE) research project across the Americas. We administered a structured questionnaire to team members about challenges they faced while working together across disciplines and outside of their home countries in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. Analysis of the responses indicated five major types of barriers to conducting interdisciplinary, international research: integration, language, fieldwork logistics, personnel and relationships, and time commitment. We discuss the causes and recommended solutions to the most common barriers. Our findings can help other interdisciplinary, international research teams anticipate challenges, and develop effective solutions to minimize the negative impacts of these barriers to their research.

  13. Meil vedas! / Oliver Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Oliver, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Bagdadis toimunud raketirünnakus sõjaväebaasile kukkusid raketid Eesti sõduritest ja rahvusringhäälingu võttegrupist umbes kilomeetri kaugusele. Vt. samas: Lauri Birkan. Kas Eesti peaks sõdurid Iraagist ära tooma? vastavad Ain Seppik, Igor Gräzin, Marek Strandberg, Mart Nutt, Eiki Nestor, Karel Rüütli. Hääled rahva seast: Linnar Priimägi ja Katrin Karisma. Kaart: Pommitamine Bagdadis; Liitlasväed Iraagis

  14. The RAND SLAM Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    sol.pc = 5; nxt.pc = 5; sta.pc = 5; mod.pc = 5; * Calculate requirements used in lookaheads just once * Creqs (l,cont,state,e) is requirement for...power of the transition matrix * first = first nstate with prob maxp (to disambiguate ties) * Creqs = requirement for nstate = first * requirement...for the look-ahead is sum of Creqs over the contingencies Alias (state,kstate); Parameter Ptrans(cont, state,nstate) Powers of transition matrix

  15. Meremehestiilis suvituskorter / Jana Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Jana, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Sisearhitektide Irina Sisaski ja Artur Jõe (Sisask Design Studio) kujundatud perekond Bernovski ühetoaline suvituskorter (40 mø) korterelamus Pärnus. Korteri välisseinad on peaaegu tervenesti klaasist. Mööblikomplektid on valmistatud Eestis eritellimuse järgi. Kahetasapinnalist lage kaunistab 17. sajandist pärit merekaart. 9 värv. ill

  16. Rand Arroyo Center 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    building readiness—in the U.S. Army and in allies and partners • cyber war—at the tactical through strategic levels • logistics effi ciencies ...warfare, signals intel- ligence, electromagnetic spectrum operations, public affairs, and psychological operations in the U.S. military to inform the...stable international environment best serves its three core national interests— regime survival, social order, and economic growth. As for U.S

  17. Veriora tulevikumaja / Jana Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Jana, 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Uues rubriigis "Ilus maja" tutvustatakse Eesti Metsatööstuse Liidu korraldatud konkursil 2006. a. parimaks puitehitiseks valitud Veriora noortekeskust. Arhitekt ja sisekujundaja Tiina Komissarov, projekteerija Tiina Levtshenko. Ehitas AS RIS Ehitus. Valla noorsootöötaja Ene Pikneri kommentaar. Ill.: välisvaade, 4 sisevaadet

  18. Providing Data Access for Interdisciplinary Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hooper, R. P.; Couch, A.

    2012-12-01

    Developing an interdisciplinary understanding of human and environmental interactions with water requires access to a variety of data kinds collected by various organizations. The CUAHSI Hydrologic Information System (HIS) is a standards-based, services-oriented architecture designed for time-series data. Such data represents an important type of data in water studies. Through the efforts of HIS, a standard transmission language, WaterML2, has been adopted by the Open Geospatial Consortium and is under consideration by the World Meteorologic Organization as an international standards. Web services have also been developed to retrieve data and metadata. HIS is completed with a metadata catalog, hosted by San Diego Supercomputing Center, which indexes more than 20 million time series provided from over 90 different services. This catalog is supported through a hierarchically organized controlled vocabulary that is open for community input and mediation. Data publishers include federal agencies, universities, state agencies, and non-profit organizations such as watershed associations. Accessing data from such a broad spectrum of sources through a uniform service standard promises to truly transform the way in which hydrologic research is done. CUAHSI HIS is a large-scale prototype at this time, but a proposal is under consideration by the National Science Foundation to operationalize HIS through a data facility, tentatively called the CUAHSI Water Data Center. Establishing HIS is an important step to enable research into human-environment interactions with water, but it is only one step. Other data structures will need to be made accessible and interoperable to support this research. Some data—such as two-dimensional GIS coverages—already have widely used standards for transmission and sharing. The US Federal government has long operated a clearinghouse for federal geographic data that is now being augmented with other services such as ArcGIS OnLine. Other data

  19. La Jolie Fille de Perth de Bizet  ou comment trahir et honorer Walter Scott Bizet’s Jolie Fille de Perth or How to Betray and Honour Walter Scott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Couderc

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available What remains of Walter Scott’s Fair Maid of Perth in Bizet’s 1867 Jolie Fille de Perth, an opera in 4acts on a libretto by Jules Adenis and Vernoy de Saint-Georges? Not much when compared to other Scott-inspired operas. Little historical context or local colour, even in Bizet’s music. Some characters remotely linked to Scott in a libretto that mostly abides by the rules of French opera or opéra-comique of the time and recycles the dramatic ingredients favoured by Saint-Georges, a purveyor of libretti for opera or the ballet second only to Scribe, who engendered such international successes as Flotow’s Martha and Balfe’s Bohemian Girl, whose gipsy, long before his Carmen, haunts Bizet’s “Scottish” opera. Yet the work pays indirect homage to Scott, whose historical novels contributed to the birth of the French “grand opera”, by rewriting scenes or situations drawn from Scott. In spite of borrowing freely from French grand opera and opéra-comique, Bizet here attempts to find his own musical expression and his opera reflects aspects of Second Empire French society and the roles it assigned to women, before the appearance of his revolutionary Carmen on the stage.Que reste t’il du roman de Walter Scott The Fair Maid of Perth dans la Jolie Fille de Perth de Bizet, opéra en 4 actes de 1867 sur un livret de Vernoy de Saint-Georges, vieux routier du théâtre lyrique, et Jules Adenis ? Pas grand-chose par rapport aux opéras inspirés par Scott. Peu d’Ecosse, une absence remarquable de couleur locale ou historique, des personnages vaguement inspirés de Scott pour un livret qui se plie surtout aux règles de l’opéra français et de l’opéra-comique à la manière de Scribe et recycle les ingrédients habituels des livrets de Saint-Georges, père de succès internationaux comme la Martha de Flotow et de la Bohemian Girl de Balfe, dont la figure exotique de la bohémienne, longtemps avant Carmen, hante l’opéra

  20. Walter Benjamin e a infância: apontamentos impressionistas sobre sua(s narrativa(s a partir de narrativas diversas = Walter Benjamin and childhood: impressionist notes on his narrative(s from diverse narratives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchi, Rita de Cassia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da infância como objeto de reflexão filosófica em Walter Benjamin (WB, sugerindo que tal autor é o precursor dos atuais estudos sociais sobre a infância que veem a criança como ator social e como produtora de cultura, por ser muito anterior a Philippe Ariès. A experiência da infância em WB surge através do trabalho da sua memória sobre emoções, brinquedos e livros infantis, além de suas reflexões sobre pedagogia. Nos textos de WB sobre infância, no início do século XX, vemos afirmada a atual visão da especificidade das culturas infantis, em que a criança não é o adulto em miniatura, e sim detentora de uma razão própria, ainda que irracional aos nossos olhos. Assim, em WB, como em Baudelaire, a criança é o indivíduo capaz de descobrir ou criar o ‘novo’ em oposição ao ‘sempre-igual’; o novo como a constante e fascinada (redescoberta da própria vida; aquilo que, paradoxalmente, é também o ‘eterno e o imutável’. Este artigo é composto de reflexões feitas à luz de textos de WB, de leitores e exegetas de sua obra e de autores de outras áreas do conhecimento com os quais se estabelece diálogo a partir dos textos benjaminianos

  1. Advanced interdisciplinary undergraduate program: light engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakholdin, Alexey; Bougrov, Vladislav; Voznesenskaya, Anna; Ezhova, Kseniia

    2016-09-01

    The undergraduate educational program "Light Engineering" of an advanced level of studies is focused on development of scientific learning outcomes and training of professionals, whose activities are in the interdisciplinary fields of Optical engineering and Technical physics. The program gives practical experience in transmission, reception, storage, processing and displaying information using opto-electronic devices, automation of optical systems design, computer image modeling, automated quality control and characterization of optical devices. The program is implemented in accordance with Educational standards of the ITMO University. The specific features of the Program is practice- and problem-based learning implemented by engaging students to perform research and projects, internships at the enterprises and in leading Russian and international research educational centers. The modular structure of the Program and a significant proportion of variable disciplines provide the concept of individual learning for each student. Learning outcomes of the program's graduates include theoretical knowledge and skills in natural science and core professional disciplines, deep knowledge of modern computer technologies, research expertise, design skills, optical and optoelectronic systems and devices.

  2. Semantics of interdisciplinary data and information integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuinness, D. L.; Fox, P.; Raskin, R.; Sinha, A. K.

    2009-05-01

    We have developed an application of semantic web methods and technologies to address the integration of interdisciplinary earth-science datasets. The specific use case addresses seeking and using atmospheric chemistry and volcano geochemistry datasets. We have developed an integration framework based on semantic descriptions (ontologies) of the linking relations between the application domains. In doing this, we have extensively leveraged and existing ontology frameworks such as SWEET, VSTO and GEON as well as included extentions of them when needed. We present the components of this application, including the ontologies, the registration of datasets with ontologies at several levels of granularity, the data sources, and application results from the use case. We will also present the cur rent and near-future capabilities we are developing. This work arises from the Semantically-Enabled Science Data Integration (SESDI) project, which is an NASA/ESTO/ACCESS-funded project performed in part by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the High Altitude Observatory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), McGuinness Associates, NASA/JPL and Virginia Polytechnic University.

  3. Beyond AI: Interdisciplinary Aspects of Artificial Intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Romportl, Jan; Zackova, Eva; Beyond Artificial Intelligence : Contemplations, Expectations, Applications

    2013-01-01

    Products of modern artificial intelligence (AI) have mostly been formed by the views, opinions and goals of the “insiders”, i.e. people usually with engineering background who are driven by the force that can be metaphorically described as the pursuit of the craft of Hephaestus. However, since the present-day technology allows for tighter and tighter mergence of the “natural” everyday human life with machines of immense complexity, the responsible reaction of the scientific community should be based on cautious reflection of what really lies beyond AI, i.e. on the frontiers where the tumultuous ever-growing and ever-changing cloud of AI touches the rest of the world.   The chapters of this boo are based on the selected subset of the presentations that were delivered by their respective authors at the conference “Beyond AI: Interdisciplinary Aspects of Artificial Intelligence” held in Pilsen in December 2011.   From its very definition, the reflection of the phenomena that lie beyond AI must be i...

  4. Insights from a Modular Interdisciplinary Laboratory Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouvier-Brown, N. C.; Carmona, V.

    2016-12-01

    A laboratory curriculum is naturally oriented towards "hands on" and problem-based learning. An earth science course, like chemical ecology, has the additional advantage of interdisciplinary education. Our Chemical Ecology course at Loyola Marymount University was structured as a small modular workshop. Students first gained hands-on experience with each analytical technique in the laboratory. The class then discussed these first datasets, delved into lecture topics, and tweaked their experimental procedures. Lastly, students were given time to design and execute their own experiments and present their findings. Three-to-four class periods were allotted for each laboratory topic. Detailed information and student reflections will be presented from the Spectroscopy module. Students used the Folin-Ciocalteau reagent method to extract the phenolic content of vegetation and/or soils. Because phenols are produced by plants for defense, this spectroscopic laboratory activity provided insight on allelopathy using analytical chemistry. Students were extremely engaged and learned not only the lab theory and technique, but also its application to our local ecology.

  5. Interdisciplinary perspectives on abstracts for information retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soon Keng Chan

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the abstract genre from the perspectives of English for Specific Purposes (ESP practitioners and information professionals. It aims to determine specific interdisciplinary interests in the abstract, and to explore areas of collaboration in terms of research and pedagogical practices. A focus group (FG comprising information professionals from the Division of Information Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, convened for a discussion on the subject of abstracts and abstracting. Two major issues that have significant implications for ESP practices emerged during the discussion. While differences in terms of approach to and objectives of the abstract genre are apparent between information professionals and language professionals, the demands for specific cognitive processes involved in abstracting proved to be similar. This area of similarity provides grounds for awareness raising and collaboration between the two disciplines. While ESP practitioners need to consider adding the dimension of information science to the rhetorical and linguistic scaffolding that they have been providing to novice-writers, information professionals can contribute useful insights about the qualities of abstracts that have the greatest impact in meeting the end-users' needs in information search.

  6. Contemporary Feminist Discourse, an Interdisciplinary Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nowadays, feminist discourse requires an interdisciplinary approach, through the sociology or media studies. Comparing with other periods of time, the new feminists understood the inherent power of New Media and tend to use it as a tool, for making their

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, feminist discourse requires an interdisciplinary approach, through the sociology ormedia studies. Comparing with other periods of time, the new feminists understood the inherent power ofNew Media and tend to use it as a tool, for making their message more popular. Is it effective? Is it a waste oftime? Although, it is premature to draw conclusions, the social facts that are to be used in this research (news,specific blogs and sites, feedback on social networks seem to tilt the balance towards a positive impactcreated by recent feminist discourse. The aim of this research is to draw the features of the communicationestablished between feminist organizations, media institutions and media consumers, as it will be revealedduring the three case studies proposed. The pattern can be designed as follows: feminist organizations launcha message; media institutions ignore it or transform it into a piece of news; readers or listeners reach themessage, giving their immediate feedback on social networks, blogs and sites belonging to feministorganizations or media institutions. Feminist organizations are new comers in Romania, since the oldest ofthem being launched 10 years ago, comparing with European Women's Lobby, socially active for decades.Among the current Romanian feminist organizations Centrul Filia (Filia Center, Mame pentru Mame(Mothers for Mothers and Pro Women will be analyzed. The novelty of this paper consists mostly inrevealing their online impact on Romanian audience.

  7. MEDICAL EDUCATION - INTERDISCIPLINARY LIGHT OF ANDRAGOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Cristina Uliana Peterle

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The National Programme for Reorientation of Vocational Training in Health (Pro-Health and the Education Program of Work for Health (Health-PET are linked with the prospect of shifting training. Thus, we seek to replace the traditional model of organization of health care has historically focused on illness and hospitalization. One of the fundamental premises is to strengthen the teaching-service integration with the Family Health Strategy, where the action is based on the principles of integrity, fairness and universality of the Unified Health System as a space to the development of actions in a comprehensive approach of the health and disease. This article presents the authors' experience as mentors and tutors of projects and actions of the Health PET / Federal District, in partnership with the University of Brasilia in the vision of the development of interdisciplinary activities. By exposing the facilitators of coping strategies, as well as those that hinder raises the reflection on the concept of integrating medical education teaching and service in the light of Andragogy, which considers the experience as a key element of educational methods.

  8. Interdisciplinary collisions: bringing healthcare professionals together.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engum, Scott A; Jeffries, Pamela R

    2012-01-01

    Since the publication of its reports, Health professions education: A bridge to quality (2003) and To err is human: Building a safer health system (2000), the Institute of Medicine has continued to emphasize interprofessional education (IPE), founded on quality improvement and informatics, as a better way to prepare healthcare professionals for practice. As this trend continues, healthcare education will need to implement administrative and educational processes that encourage different professions to collaborate and share resources. With greater numbers of students enrolled in health professional programs, combined with ethical imperatives for learning and reduced access to quality clinical experiences, medical and nursing education increasingly rely on simulation education to implement interdisciplinary patient safety initiatives. In this article, the authors describe one approach, based on the Core Competencies for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice released by the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (2011), toward providing IPE to an audience of diverse healthcare professionals in academia and clinical practice. This approach combines professional standards with the authors' practical experience serving on a key operations committee, comprising members from a school of medicine, a school of nursing, and a large healthcare system, to design and implement a new state-of-the-art simulation center and its IPE-centered curriculum.

  9. The Interdisciplinary Management of Acute Chest Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruno, Raphael R; Donner-Banzhoff, Norbert; Söllner, Wolfgang; Frieling, Thomas; Müller, Christian; Christ, Michael

    2015-11-06

    Acute chest pain of non-traumatic origin is a common reason for presentation to physician's offices and emergency rooms. Coronary heart disease is the cause in up to 25% of cases. Because acute chest pain, depending on its etiology, may be associated with a high risk of death, rapid, goal-oriented management is mandatory. This review is based on pertinent articles and guidelines retrieved by a selective search in PubMed. History-taking, physical examination, and a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) are the first steps in the differential diagnostic process and generally allow the identification of features signifying a high risk of lifethreatening illness. If the ECG reveals ST-segment elevation, cardiac catheterization is indicated. The timedependent measurement of highly sensitive troponin values is a reliable test for the diagnosis or exclusion of acute myocardial infarction. A wide variety of other potential causes (e.g., vascular, musculoskeletal, gastroenterologic, or psychosomatic) must be identified from the history if they are to be treated appropriately. Elderly patients need special attention. Acute chest pain is a major diagnostic challenge for the physician. Common errors are traceable to non-recognition of important causes and to an inadequate diagnostic work-up. Future studies should be designed to help optimize the interdisciplinary management of patients with chest pain.

  10. Interdisciplinary robotics project for first-year engineering degree students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aznar, Mercedes; Zacarés, José Francisco; López, Jaime; Sánchez, Rafael; Pastor, José M; Llorca, Jaume

    2015-01-01

    .... Interdisciplinary projects can be a suitable tool for competence-based learning. A priori, this might be complicated, as subjects are traditionally studied at the university level in isolated compartments, with a fragmented structure...

  11. Water Diplomacy: Perspectives from a Group of Interdisciplinary Graduate Students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Read, Laura; Garcia, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    ...) at Tufts University, have formed to respond to demand for progress in this area. This paper presents a Water Diplomacy IGERT student perspective on the benefits and challenges of interdisciplinary water education...

  12. Water and Society: Interdisciplinary Education in Natural Resources

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kulcsar, Laszlo J; Aistrup, Joseph A; Bulatewicz, Thomas; Peterson, Jeffrey M; Welch, Stephen M; Steward, David R

    2016-01-01

    Natural resource management and education must account for both the natural and human components of a complex system, yet examples of such interdisciplinary approaches are still relatively rare, especially in education...

  13. Evaluating Treatment Outcome in an Interdisciplinary Pediatric Pain Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan M Bennett

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To provide descriptive data evaluating outcome and treatment satisfaction among former pediatric patients and their parents seen in an interdisciplinary treatment program for complex pain syndromes.

  14. The Importance of Interdisciplinary Research Training and Community Dissemination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Simone V; Vessali, Misha; Pratt, Jacob A; Watts, Samantha; Pratt, Janey S; Raghavan, Preeti; DeSilva, Jeremy M

    2015-10-01

    Funding agencies and institutions are creating initiatives to encourage interdisciplinary research that can be more easily translated into community initiatives to enhance health. Therefore, the current research environment calls for interdisciplinary education and skills to create sustained partnerships with community institutions. However, formalized opportunities in both of these areas are limited for students embarking on research careers. The purpose of this paper is to underscore the historical and current importance of providing interdisciplinary training and community dissemination for research students. We also suggest an approach to begin to address the existing gap. Specifically, we suggest embedding a 10-week summer rotation into existing research curricula with the goals of: (1) providing students with a hands-on interdisciplinary research experience, (2) facilitating dialogue between research students and community settings to disseminate science to the public, and (3) sparking collaborations among researchers who seek to create a way to sustain summer program rotations with grant funding. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. PRACTICAL STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING INTERDISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION IN NEUROEDUCATIONAL STUDIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Nouri

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The need to overcome artificial obstructions and limitations in our scientific understanding of the complexity of educational issues is the major driver of interdisciplinary collaboration in the field of Neuroeducational Studies. To get full advantage of interdisciplinary collaboration therefore, it would be necessary to identify and develop a number of practical strategies that facilitate such endeavor. The relevance literature suggests that making effective interdisciplinary collaboration in the field is dependent on a number of factors, including: creating a common language and conceptual vocabulary; developing graduate educational programs; providing training programs for neuroscientists and educators; and developing neuroeducational research organizations. It is concluded that, interdisciplinary collaboration is a potential key that ensures a more prosperous future for the field and it will be best realized based on authentic dialogue among scientists and educators.

  16. Interdisciplinary Management of Patient with Advanced Periodontal Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochar, Gagan Deep; Jayan, B; Chopra, S S; Mechery, Reenesh; Goel, Manish; Verma, Munish

    2016-01-01

    This case report describes the interdisciplinary management of an adult patient with advanced periodontal disease. Treatment involved orthodontic and periodontal management. Good esthetic results and dental relationships were achieved by the treatment.

  17. Interdisciplinary thinking in agricultural and life sciences higher education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spelt, E J H; Biemans, H J A; Luning, P A; Tobi, H; Mulder, M

    2010-01-01

    Interdisciplinary thinking as a skill appears to be of value to higher education students and those in employment. This idea is explored with reference to the agricultural and life sciences. The need for further understanding of the development of interdisciplinary thinking is acknowledged. This is closely related to the requirement for well-founded curriculum and course design. This publication presents a brief introduction to a systematic review of scientific research into teaching and learning in interdisciplinary higher education. While tentative, the understanding arising from the review findings is considered to be of potential value to educational practice. A selection of the review findings is presented by way of illustration. The selection is believed to be of relevance to the agricultural and life sciences. The review findings presented here take the form of interdisciplinary thinking sub skills and enabling conditions.

  18. Developing apprentice skills for innovation through interdisciplinary training and education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haslam, Christian Ravn

    2016-01-01

    This paper is concerned with training students of vocational education programs; specifically, tradesmen and skilled workers to better utilise value networks and knowledge hubs, set up through government initiatives, as an innovation platform. The study indicates that massively interdisciplinary...

  19. A reality-oriented approach to interdisciplinary work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, K A

    2001-01-01

    Although there is a long history of support in the literature for interdisciplinary education, practice, and research, the actual implementation of such activities has varied greatly. Numerous variables inhibit interdisciplinary work, including a tendency to focus on the many barriers to, rather than opportunities for, such work, a lack of solid data documenting its benefits, the difficulty inherent in finding solutions to the conflicts that arise among the disciplines involved, and organizational reward and regulation systems geared toward single-discipline work. Nonetheless, the goal of interdisciplinary work persists, and there are several notable examples of success. Strategies are outlined for incremental achievement of interdisciplinary aspirations in less-than-ideal environments. These strategies include scanning the environment for promising opportunities, setting realistic goals, building commitment to those goals, avoiding useless battles, and celebrating successes. Specific examples of such strategies as used in the Health Science Center at the University of Florida are provided. Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company

  20. The rise of environmental analytical chemistry as an interdisciplinary activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Richard

    2009-07-01

    Modern scientific endeavour is increasingly delivered within an interdisciplinary framework. Analytical environmental chemistry is a long-standing example of an interdisciplinary approach to scientific research where value is added by the close cooperation of different disciplines. This editorial piece discusses the rise of environmental analytical chemistry as an interdisciplinary activity and outlines the scope of the Analytical Chemistry and the Environmental Chemistry domains of TheScientificWorldJOURNAL (TSWJ), and the appropriateness of TSWJ's domain format in covering interdisciplinary research. All contributions of new data, methods, case studies, and instrumentation, or new interpretations and developments of existing data, case studies, methods, and instrumentation, relating to analytical and/or environmental chemistry, to the Analytical and Environmental Chemistry domains, are welcome and will be considered equally.

  1. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Dinosaur Fossils, Morphology, Ethology, and Energetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zipko, Stephen J.

    1981-01-01

    Describes an interdisciplinary minicourse on dinosaur fossils, morphology, ethology, and energetics. Suggests and provides examples of hands-on activities for junior high school- through college-level students. (DS)

  2. WALTER BENJAMIN Y GEORGES SOREL: ENTRE EL MITO DE LA HUELGA GENERAL Y UNA POLÍTICA DE MEDIOS PUROS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pérez López

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En su ensayo Para una crítica de la violencia, Walter Benjamin reivindica el fenómeno social de la huelga general revolucionaria teorizada por Georges Sorel en su obra Reflexiones sobre la violencia, como una figura ejemplar de lo que sería un “medio puro de la política”, al margen de cualquier forma legitimada de poder. En este marco, pocos comentadores contemporáneos advierten una discordancia conceptual entre ambos filósofos: para Sorel, la huelga revolucionaria es un mito social, mientras que el mito, categoría esencialmente negativa en Benjamin, describe la violencia que aprisiona la vida y que se traduce en una forma de poder político superior. En este artículo quisiéramos demostrar esta discordancia conceptual para examinar en seguida cómo ha sido comentada por otros pensadores contemporáneos. La filosofía de la historia, la posibilidad de una acción política ética y la temporalidad mesiánica aparecen en el horizonte teórico que emparenta a estos filósofos y por el cual podría descifrarse su impasse conceptual. Esto se confirma si se despliega la idea de un “medio puro de la política”, pista que Benjamin ofrece sin profundizar y sobre la cual reenvía al pensamiento de un filósofo poco explorado, Erich Unger. En la última parte de este artículo desarrollaremos las claves dadas por Unger, que entran justamente en sintonía con la mención de la huelga general como medio puro de la política.

  3. Social individualism: Walter Gropius and his appropriation of Franz Müller-Lyer's idea of a new man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poppelreuter, Tanja

    2011-01-01

    In 1929, Walter Gropius developed the "High-Rise Steel Frame Apartment Building" that was based on theories about the emergence of a New Man put forward by sociologist Franz Müller-Lyer. In his lecture at the Congrès International d’Architecture Moderne conference in 1929, Gropius appropriated Müller-Lyer's sociology in order to promote and prompt the re-development of high-rise tenements and master households. Gropius’ 1931 contribution to the Deutsche Bauausstellung in Berlin incorporated a full-scale community lounge and a recreation area with sporting equipment, as well as a model and plans for a "High-Rise Steel Frame Apartment Building" that were designed in accordance with Müller-Lyer's theories. While it shows Müller-Lyer's influence, the boxing equipment found in the recreation area reflects the importance that sport, and boxing in particular, had gained after 1900. Boxing was perceived as a sport that would not only further fitness but also raise the spirits and help the inhabitant to succeed in the modern urban environment. By providing boxing equipment, Müller-Lyer's vision, which envisaged master households as furthering a community of peaceful individuals living in a condition of mutual trust, is weakened. In 1923, the sociologist Helmuth Plessner had regarded utopian visions of ideal communities as antithesis to actual events in the Weimar Republic. The embracing of theories that promised an evolutionary and linear development towards peaceful communities can be regarded as a counterreaction to a present that was perceived as an imperfect and temporary condition. Furthermore, Gropius’ appropriation of Müller-Lyer's sociology not only helped to distinguish his position from Marxist and socialist theories but also illustrated the contemporary tendency to accept utopian ideas while simultaneously doubting the practicality of some.

  4. EDITORIAL: International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Contemporary Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Manrai, Ajay K.

    2015-01-01

    There is a great deal of interest among marketing scholars in conducting international and interdisciplinary research. Such research is highly relevant to assess global market opportunities, risks, rapidly changing geo-politics and other environmental dynamics. The international and interdisciplinary research could help understand the way these variables affect country selection and mode of entry decisions, design of global value chain, use of Internet and social media, and assessment of comp...

  5. The adoption of an interdisciplinary instructional model in secondary education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misicko, Martin W.

    This study describes the experiences of a secondary high school involved in the adoption of an interdisciplinary curriculum. An interdisciplinary curriculum is defined as both the precalculus and physics curriculums taught collaboratively throughout the school year. The students' academic performances were analyzed to gage the success of the interdisciplinary model. The four year study compared students taught precalculus in a traditional discipline-based classroom versus those facilitated in an interdisciplinary precalculus/physics model. It also documents the administrative changes necessary in restructuring a high school to an interdisciplinary team teaching model. All of the students in both pedagogical models received instruction from the same teacher, and were given identical assessment materials. Additionally, the curriculum guidelines and standards of learning were duplicated for both models. The primary difference of the two models focused on the applications of mathematics in the physics curriculum. Prerequisite information was compared in both models to ensure that the students in the study had comparable qualifications prior to the facilitation of the precalculus curriculum. Common trends were analyzed and discussed from the student's performance data. The students enrolled in the interdisciplinary model appeared to outperform the discipline-based students in common evaluative assessments. The themes and outcomes described in this study provide discussion topics for further investigation by other school districts. Further study is necessary to determine whether scheduling changes may have influenced student performances, and to examine whether other content areas may experience similar results.

  6. Interdisciplinary doctorial supervision: lessons for nurse education and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmins, Fiona; Timmins, Bernard; O'Rourke, Pearl; Long, Siobhan; Ekins, Ray; Coyle, Eugene

    2014-11-01

    This paper concerns a reflection on one interdisciplinary doctorate supervision project. It outlines key elements for success within this supervisory context. The aim of this paper is to present a reflection on interdisciplinary doctorate supervision project experience and examine these experiences in light of literature on the topic. Reflection was carried out using Rolfe et al. (2010) framework for reflexivity. The supervised engineering project aimed to develop, demonstrate and evaluate a new framework for the design of customisable assistive technology (AT) which involved professionals working with AT and users with disabilities. As this research occurs in between disciplines, it required an innovative and interdisciplinary approach, with an ultimate merger between health sciences and design engineering disciplines and external liaison with adults with disabilities and a disability service provider. Interdisciplinary research is popular contemporarily and addresses societal needs. In the case outlined, clear understandings were developed, in addition to clear territorial boundaries that helped guide the novel research. Steps to success in interdisciplinary research supervision include selecting the appropriate interdisciplinary team; ensuring open communication; establishing and agreeing boundaries of the research and supervision; keeping an open mind; tolerance of lack of expertise in some areas; regular meetings and communication; keeping the student focused and agreeing publication plans in advance. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Interdisciplinary team leadership: a revisionist approach for an old problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCallin, Antoinette

    2003-11-01

    Understanding of interdisciplinary teamwork is evolving. During health care restructuring, leaders across organizations have challenging responsibilities when work groups must integrate changing organizational values with new modes of service delivery. In this environment, a well-functioning interdisciplinary team in which clinicians work as member-leaders has the potential to further organizational change and foster improvements in patient outcomes. In this paper it is argued that the term interdisciplinary team leadership should be embraced cautiously as it may be a revisionist approach to an old problem, namely a means to modify existing theories of leadership that have been vague and continue to be poorly understood despite considerable effort to explicate knowledge over several decades. Preliminary research suggests that interdisciplinary team leadership is a model of shared leadership that requires more development if it is to become the cornerstone of interdisciplinary team practice in a radically reforming health sector. Stewardship is proposed as a potential philosophy for interdisciplinary team leadership, and a new, shared leadership role of practice leader is suggested.

  8. Practice-Based Interdisciplinary Approach and Environmental Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjan Kumar Datta

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Interdisciplinary researchers and educators, as community members, creators of knowledge, and environmental activists and practitioners, have a responsibility to build a bridge between community practice, academic scholarship, and professional contributions aimed at establishing environmental sustainability. In this paper, I focus on an undervalued area of environmental politics, practices, and often unarticulated assumptions which underlie human–environmental relations. This article challenges interdisciplinary studies that are not connected with practice by reconfiguring the meaning of a community-based, interdisciplinary approach. Drawing from works by Foucault, Latour, and Haraway, this paper first shows how to reconfigure the meaning of an interdisciplinary approach. Second, using Bourdieu and Brightman’s ethnographic studies as a framework, the paper situates practice as central to our efforts to deconstruct and replace current interdisciplinary initiatives with a practice-based approach. Through a practice-based interdisciplinary approach (PIA, environmental educators and researchers gain an awareness of and learn to make an investment in sustainable communities. As teams of environmental researchers practising in the local community, they are meaningfully involved with the community, with each other, and with the environment.

  9. Is Management Interdisciplinary? The Evolution of Management as an Interdisciplinary Field of Research and Education in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.J. van Baalen (Peter); L. Karsten (Luchien)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractManagement research and education are often characterized as being interdisciplinary. However, most discussions on what interdisciplinarity in management studies means have bogged down in ideological fixations. In this paper we alternatively take a historical perspective and analyze the

  10. Interdisciplinary Pathways for Urban Metabolism Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, J. P.

    2011-12-01

    With its rapid rise as a metaphor to express coupled natural-human systems in cities, the concept of urban metabolism is evolving into a series of relatively distinct research frameworks amongst various disciplines, with varying definitions, theories, models, and emphases. In industrial ecology, housed primarily within the disciplinary domain of engineering, urban metabolism research has focused on quantifying material and energy flows into, within, and out of cities, using methodologies such as material flow analysis and life cycle assessment. In the field of urban ecology, which is strongly influenced by ecology and urban planning, research focus has been placed on understanding and modeling the complex patterns and processes of human-ecological systems within urban areas. Finally, in political ecology, closely aligned with human geography and anthropology, scholars theorize about the interwoven knots of social and natural processes, material flows, and spatial structures that form the urban metabolism. This paper offers three potential interdisciplinary urban metabolism research tracks that might integrate elements of these three "ecologies," thereby bridging engineering and the social and physical sciences. First, it presents the idea of infrastructure ecology, which explores the complex, emergent interdependencies between gray (water and wastewater, transportation, etc) and green (e.g. parks, greenways) infrastructure systems, as nested within a broader socio-economic context. For cities to be sustainable and resilient over time-space, the theory follows, these is a need to understand and redesign these infrastructure linkages. Second, there is the concept of an urban-scale carbon metabolism model which integrates consumption-based material flow analysis (including goods, water, and materials), with the carbon sink and source dynamics of the built environment (e.g. buildings, etc) and urban ecosystems. Finally, there is the political ecology of the material

  11. Architecture for the Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, S. M.

    2016-12-01

    The Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA) is leading an EarthCube (EC) Integrative Activity to develop a governance structure and technology framework that enables partner data systems to share technology, infrastructure, and practice for documenting, curating, and accessing heterogeneous geoscience data. The IEDA data facility provides capabilities in an extensible framework that enables domain-specific requirements for each partner system in the Alliance to be integrated into standardized cross-domain workflows. The shared technology infrastructure includes a data submission hub, a domain-agnostic file-based repository, an integrated Alliance catalog and a Data Browser for data discovery across all partner holdings, as well as services for registering identifiers for datasets (DOI) and samples (IGSN). The submission hub will be a platform that facilitates acquisition of cross-domain resource documentation and channels users into domain and resource-specific workflows tailored for each partner community. We are exploring an event-based message bus architecture with a standardized plug-in interface for adding capabilities. This architecture builds on the EC CINERGI metadata pipeline as well as the message-based architecture of the SEAD project. Plug-in components for file introspection to match entities to a data type registry (extending EC Digital Crust and Research Data Alliance work), extract standardized keywords (using CINERGI components), location, cruise, personnel and other metadata linkage information (building on GeoLink and existing IEDA partner components). The submission hub will feed submissions to appropriate partner repositories and service endpoints targeted by domain and resource type for distribution. The Alliance governance will adopt patterns (vocabularies, operations, resource types) for self-describing data services using standard HTTP protocol for simplified data access (building on EC GeoWS and other `RESTful' approaches). Exposure

  12. [Population and environment. Requests for interdisciplinary analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudela, F

    1991-01-01

    Serious difficulties impede interdisciplinary research involving demographers, ecologists, and other students of the environment. The 1st problem concerns definitions of the different subject areas. Demographers have focused on the dynamics of some indicators that reflect complex and heterogeneous population processes. The relative autonomy of demography as a discipline was gained through an empirical orientation reflected in the statistical treatment of causality. But the traditional demographic paradigm is insufficient for untangling the causal mechanisms underlying population dynamics. Environmental disciplines on the other hand face methodologic difficulties in transcending a strictly biological focus to incorporate aspects of cultural and social influence on ecological processes. "Human ecology", a possible meeting ground for ecological and demographic studies, is more of an ambitious program of transdisciplinary research than an independent discipline. Relations between the environment and development processes, including population aspects, are of increasing international concern. A conceptual base has developed in Latin America which emphasizes the global and structural aspects of the environment and of development styles. It has been extremely difficult to apply the entire conceptualization to the concrete environmental problems that are of current interest to both civil society and governments. It may be time to replace the umbrella term "environment", defining it in more specific, systemic, and operational terms. It is time to delimit study topics in terms of concrete problems. A good example would be the situation of Lake Chapala, the largest lake in Mexico. Damage caused to it cannot be assessed by referring to the "population explosion" or an "overall development style". Environmental, economic, and sociodemographic aspects will however necessarily enter the analysis. Fragile and unstable situations are of special interest in the study of relations

  13. Capsaicin on the viability of random-pattern skin flaps in rats Capsaicina na viabilidade de retalhos isquêmicos randômicos em ratos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Roberto de Godoy

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of capsaicin on the viability of ischemic random-pattern skin flaps in rats. METHODS:Forty EPM1-Wistar rats were randomized into two groups of 20 animals each, the capsaicin group and the control group. A random-pattern skin flap measuring 10 x 4cm was raised and a plastic barrier was placed between the flap and the donor site. After the surgical procedure, the control group was treated with an inert vehicle in the form of a cream applied uniformly to a rayon bandage which, in turn, was applied to the surface of the skin flap. The capsaicin group was treated in the same way, but in this case capsaicin was added to the cream. This procedure was repeated for two consecutive days. RESULTS: There was a significantly smaller amount of flap necrosis in the capsaicin group (35.07% than in the control group (44.75% (p=0.035. CONCLUSION:Topical administration of capsaicin improved the viability of ischemic random-pattern skin flaps in rats.OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da capsaicina na viabilidade de retalhos isquêmicos randômicos em ratos. MÉTODOS: Quarenta ratos EPM1-Wistar foram distribuídos ao acaso em dois grupos de 20 animais cada, um grupo capsaicina e um grupo controle. Um retalho isquêmico randômico medindo 10 x 4cm foi elevado e uma barreira plástica foi colocada entre o retalho e a área doadora. Após o procedimento cirúrgico, o grupo controle foi tratado com um veículo inerte sob a forma creme aplicado uniformemente sobre uma atadura de rayon, que, por sua vez, foi aplicada à superfície do retalho. O grupo capsaicina foi tratado da mesma forma, porém a capsaicina foi adicionada ao creme. Este procedimento foi repetido por dois dias consecutivos. RESULTADOS: Houve uma quantidade significativamente menor da necrose do retalho no grupo capsaicina (35,07% comparado ao grupo controle (44,75% (p=0,035. CONCLUSÃO: A administração tópica da capsaicina melhorou a viabilidade de retalhos isquêmicos rand

  14. Arte, imagem e fotografia: um diálogo possível entre Roland Barthes, Walter Benjamin e Jacques Rancière = Art, image and photography: a possible dialogue between Roland Barthes, Walter Benjamin and Jacques Rancière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voigt, André Fabiano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva estabelecer um diálogo entre três autores que escreveram trabalhos importantes sobre a relação da arte com as imagens e a fotografia. Enquanto os pensamentos de Roland Barthes e Walter Benjamin se assemelham, Jacques Rancière apresenta uma postura dissonante ao analisar arte, imagem e fotografia no interior do que ele chama de regime estético das artes

  15. El montaje en Aby Warburg Y Walter Benjamin. Un método alternativo para la representación de la violencia

    OpenAIRE

    Urueña Calderón, Juan Felipe

    2015-01-01

    El texto pretende esbozar un modo de disposición y exposición del archivo visual basado en la noción de montaje. El método se esbozará a partir de algunos de los elementos del proceder metodológico de Aby Warburg y Walter Benjamin. Las correspondencias que se han trazado entre las prácticas históricas de ambos autores, se aprovecharán para dar cuenta de un método que comparten en cuanto al modo especial de entender las relaciones entre los elementos del archivo y las temporalidades que es pos...

  16. Interdisciplinary Data Resources for Volcanology at IEDA (Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehnert, Kerstin; Song, Lulin; Hsu, Leslie; Ji, Peng; Carter, Megan

    2015-04-01

    This presentation will provide an overview of relevant resources for data sharing, data publication, data visualization, and interoperability at IEDA (Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance, http://www.iedadata.org) that are essential to enable data-driven research for volcanological research. IEDA is a NSF-funded multi-disciplinary data facility for solid earth observational data from the ocean, Earth, and polar sciences that operates data systems and services to ensure the preservation, publication, documentation, and quality of the data, their broad discovery and re-usability as well as their accessibility and interoperability for interdisciplinary research. IEDA's data services are specifically designed to support individual researchers, especially in disciplines that typically generate and use small, but complex, heterogeneous, and unstructured datasets to help them fulfill the increasing demands of properly managing their data. These services include domain-focused data curation and synthesis, a wide range of tools for data discovery, access, visualization and analysis, as well as investigator support services that include tools for data submission, data publication, and data compliance support. A critical component of IEDA that is particularly relevant to volcanological research are data systems for physical samples collected in the Earth Sciences and for the data acquired on these samples in the field and in the lab. For example, IEDA's System for Earth Sample Registration provides a global catalog of samples that have an International Geo Sample Number (IGSN), a unique identifier for specimens and other sampling features in the Earth Sciences, that is used to unambiguously link samples, digital data, and publications (examples from the literature will be provided), and allows tracking of samples through their analytical history. The EarthChem Library, the PetDB synthesis, and the EarthChem Portal are IEDA data systems that support publication, discovery

  17. [Medical tourism and travel - an interdisciplinary approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyer, W; Kim, B-S

    2014-01-01

    Medical tourism (or medical travel, international patient service, cross-border or global health care) is a new current phenomenon with increasing relevance for the two disciplines of medicine and tourism. Both sides hope to improve their reputation and image, as well as to increase their revenues and rate of employment; furthermore, they want to provide better care and service for patients and tourists: Medical tourism can close the gap of the health care system at home, providing better quality, quicker access and cheaper procedures abroad, also with treatments, not - legally - available in the sending country. For the tourism sector it broadens the variety of tourism products and supply of the host country and combines medical treatments and recovery with an attractive stay in a tourism destination for patients and their companions. But in spite of all popularity of this new type of tourism and treatment, there is quite a lack of theory and academic analysis. This article outlines the status quo of scientific research both from a medical and tourism point of view. This interdisciplinary method of approach is based mainly on a state-of-the art review of the current literature. There is a great need for more scientific research in the field of medical tourism, based on the common knowledge of both disciplines tourism and medicine. First there is neither an internationally agreed definition nor a common methodology for data collection. So the real impact of touristic and medical services both for the source and for the receiving countries is un-known and imprecise. Second the internal processes of the health system have to be adapted to the needs of international patients, e. g., medical fee schedule, billing, language, inter-cultural qualifications of the staff. Moreover the whole service chain has to be taken into account, especially the pre- and post-processes, which mostly start or end abroad. Here quality standards as well as accreditations are current

  18. Ação do dimetil-sulfóxido na isquemia de retalhos randômicos de pele em ratos

    OpenAIRE

    Kleder Gomes de Almeida; Djalma José Fagundes; Mônica Cecília Bochetti Manna; Edna Frasson de Souza Montero

    2004-01-01

    Objetivo: Avaliar a ação do dimetil-sulfóxido (DMSO) na necrose distal de retalhos randômicos isquêmicos em ratos. Métodos: Foram utilizados 30 ratos machos, linhagem Wistar, peso entre 220 e 363g e idade média de 3 meses. O retalho cutâneo dorsal (8x2cm) com pedículo cranial foi descolado, reposto em seu leito e suturado com poliamida 4.0. O grupo controle-CT (n=10) não recebeu nenhuma medicação, o grupo simulado-SM (n=10) recebeu o volume de 1mL de solução salina subcutânea, dividida em...

  19. The Importance of Habits in Meredith Rand and Shane Drinion’s ‘tête-à-tête’ in The Pale King

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Moran

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article utilises pragmatist philosopher John Dewey’s concept of habit to explore Wallace’s habit-based definition of character through a close reading of the long, confessional ‘tête-á-tête’ between Meredith Rand and Shane Drinion in 'The Pale King' (2011. Analysis of this scene shows the distinction between personal habits and societal customs, and the role of the observer in interpreting such habits and customs. A focus on habit demonstrates how Wallace advocates for a liberal democratic process of evolution and change. Dewey’s ideas are also shown to be a useful means to navigate the burgeoning field of Wallace Studies, and the habits and customs that have come to define the field.

  20. Low prevalence of dyschromatopsia using the fourth edition of HRR (Hardy, Rand and Rittler) pseudoisochromatic plate test among the Indian population of Lalima village, Terena

    OpenAIRE

    Piccinin, Marcos Rogério Mistro; Cunha, Juliana Ferrari; Almeida, Herbert Paulo de; Bach, Cleiton Cassio; Dossa, Andréa Cristina Grubits Gonçalves de Oliveira; Silva, Reinaldo Ferreira da; Pessoa, Valdir Filgueiras

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a freqüência de discromatopsias através da 4ª edição do teste pseudoisocromático HRR (Hardy, Rand and Rittler) entre a população indígena masculina da aldeia Lalima, etnia Terena, na região de Miranda-MS. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas viagens à aldeia Lalima em Miranda-MS, nos meses de janeiro e fevereiro de 2005. As viagens para realizar os exames só foram iniciadas após o projeto ter sido avaliado e aprovado pelos Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da UFMS, Comitê Nacional de Ética e ...

  1. Karl Rahner, Walter Kasper and Hans Kung on the Current State, Problems and Dimensions of Contemporary theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilipenko Evgenii

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Political history, philosophy, culture and science of the 19th century came to be very important factors in the development of Christian theology, primarily in Western Europe. Major issues of correlation between modern science, philosophical concepts of the modern period, secular ethics and Christianity led to a revision of many traditional theological concepts. There were suggested new methods of solving urgent theological, pastoral and missionary problems. The Second Vatican Ecumenical Council of Roman Catholic Church represented a vivid and constructive response to contemporary challenges. German theologians were among those who contributed significantly to the dialogue between the Church and modern world. The central fi gure among them was Karl Rahner. Using achievements of modern European thought, especially transcendental and existential philosophy, Rahner made Christian theology tenable for modern historical criticism and placed the person and the experience of faith as a crucial object of theological investigation. It may seem a paradox, but the unity of Catholic dogma in the 20th century came to be established not on the unity of the formal scholastic doctrine, proclaimed straightforwardly by Church magisterium, but on theological pluralism and historical dynamism, as well as on hermeneutical analysis of the dogma and inexpressible mystical experience of Revelation proclaimed by Rahner. Walter Kasper used Rahner’s ideas when he pointed to scientific rigour, ecclesiasticism and willingness to be opened to the world as main features of modern theology. At the same time, he considers it impossible to reject metaphysics and to reduce theology to a number of disparate academic studies. He sees the Holy Scriptures and church tradition as the essential foundation for systematic theology and argues that it is necessary to restore the balance between the freedom of theological investigation and the hierarchical control of Church magisterium

  2. DESARROLLO DE CRITERIOS PARA INDICACIÓN DE CESÁREA SEGÚN EL MÉTODO DE PERTINENCIA RAND/UCLA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Carlos Azurín

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. La tasa de partos por cesárea se ha incrementado en todo el mundo, en nuestro país oscila entre 30 y 50%. Un grupo importante de ellas se realiza con criterios subjetivos para los cuales el beneficio es dudoso. Nuestro objetivo fue determinar los escenarios clínicos considerados apropiados para la realización de cesárea en un hospital nacional peruano. Metodología. Se utilizó una versión modificada del Método de Pertinencia RAND/UCLA. Se generaron escenarios clínicos a partir de guías clínicas validadas. Un panel de expertos (6 miembros participó en el desarrollo de consensos para cada escenario vía e-mail o personalmente. Resultados.Se identificaron 392 escenarios relevantes para la realización de cesárea, 239 escenarios se consideraron apropiados, el 12% fue inapropiado y el 16% fue considerado incierto. En 141 (36% escenarios el panel llegó a un acuerdo en la pertinencia. Conclusiones. La aplicación del Método de Pertinencia RAND/UCLA resultó útil para determinar los escenarios clínicos apropiados para realización de cesárea según la opinión de los médicos interesados. El alto número de escenarios en el que no hubo acuerdo podría explicar la dificultad que existe para disminuir la tasa de cesáreas.

  3. Interdisciplinary collaboration in action: tracking the signal, tracing the noise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callard, Felicity; Fitzgerald, Des; Woods, Angela

    Interdisciplinarity is often framed as an unquestioned good within and beyond the academy, one to be encouraged by funders and research institutions alike. And yet there is little research on how interdisciplinary projects actually work-and do not work-in practice, particularly within and across the social sciences and humanities. This article centres on "Hubbub", the first interdisciplinary 2-year research residency of The Hub at Wellcome Collection, which is investigating rest and its opposites in neuroscience, mental health, the arts and the everyday. The article describes how Hubbub is tracing, capturing and reflecting on practices of interdisciplinarity across its large, dispersed team of collaborators, who work across the social sciences, humanities, arts, mind and brain sciences, and public engagement. We first describe the distinctiveness of Hubbub (a project designed for a particular space, and one in which the arts are not positioned as simply illustrating or disseminating the research of the scientists), and then outline three techniques Hubbub has developed to map interdisciplinary collaboration in the making: (1) ethnographic analysis; (2) "In the Diary Room", an aesthetics of collaboration designed to harness and capture affective dynamics within a large, complex project; and (3) the Hubbub Collaboration Questionnaire, which yields quantitative and qualitative data, as well as a social network analysis of collaborators. We conclude by considering some themes that other inter-disciplinary projects might draw on for their own logics of tracking and tracing. This article forms part of an ongoing thematic collection dedicated to interdisciplinary research.

  4. Emerging interdisciplinary fields in the coming intelligence/convergence era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noor, Ahmed

    2012-09-01

    Dramatic advances are in the horizon resulting from rapid pace of development of several technologies, including, computing, communication, mobile, robotic, and interactive technologies. These advances, along with the trend towards convergence of traditional engineering disciplines with physical, life and other science disciplines will result in the development of new interdisciplinary fields, as well as in new paradigms for engineering practice in the coming intelligence/convergence era (post-information age). The interdisciplinary fields include Cyber Engineering, Living Systems Engineering, Biomechatronics/Robotics Engineering, Knowledge Engineering, Emergent/Complexity Engineering, and Multiscale Systems engineering. The paper identifies some of the characteristics of the intelligence/convergence era, gives broad definition of convergence, describes some of the emerging interdisciplinary fields, and lists some of the academic and other organizations working in these disciplines. The need is described for establishing a Hierarchical Cyber-Physical Ecosystem for facilitating interdisciplinary collaborations, and accelerating development of skilled workforce in the new fields. The major components of the ecosystem are listed. The new interdisciplinary fields will yield critical advances in engineering practice, and help in addressing future challenges in broad array of sectors, from manufacturing to energy, transportation, climate, and healthcare. They will also enable building large future complex adaptive systems-of-systems, such as intelligent multimodal transportation systems, optimized multi-energy systems, intelligent disaster prevention systems, and smart cities.

  5. Walter Pater's "Winckelmann"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrier, David

    2001-01-01

    In his recent book, "The Art of Living: Socratic Reflections from Plato to Foucault," Alexander Nehamas presents two conceptions of philosophy--philosophy as a theorethical discipline concerned to offer arguments; and the interest of Socrates, Montaigne, and also Nietzsche and Foucault in the art of living. Building on his "Nietzsche: Life as…

  6. Inter-disciplinary Interactions in Underground Laboratories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J. S.; Bettini, A.

    2010-12-01

    facilities needed for next generation of underground assessments and experiments. There are growing interests in developing multi-disciplinary programs in DULs and some URLs have rooms set aside for physics experiments. Examples of DULs and URLs with interactions between earth sciences and physics include Gran Sasso in Italy, Kaimioka in Japan, Canfranc in Spain, LSBB in France, WIPP in New Mexico, DUSEL in South Dakota, and Jing Ping deep tunnel underground laboratory proposal in China. Instruments of common interests include interferometers, laser strain meters, seismic networks, tiltmeters, gravimeters, magnetometers, and other sensors to detect signals over different frequencies and water chemical analyses, including radon concentrations. Radon emissions are of concern for physics experiments and are studied as possible precursors of earthquakes. Measuring geoneutrino flux and energy spectrum in different locations is of interests to both physics and earth sciences. The contributions of U and Th in the crust and the mantle to the energy production in the Earth can be studied. One final note is that our ongoing reviews are aimed to contribute to technological innovations anticipated through inter-disciplinary interactions.

  7. L’ontologie des Indivisibles et la structure du continu selon Gautier Burley The ontology of Indivisibles and the structure of continuity according to Walter Burley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Lamy

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Pour Aristote, sous le rapport de sa composition en parties, le continu est divisible mais sous le rapport de ses limites (point, ligne, surface et profondeur, le continu est indivisible. Walter Burley, comme ses contemporains, a commenté la coexistence problématique de la divisibilité et de l’indivisibilité dans la structure du continu. Bien plus, aux prises avec sa célèbre polémique contre son adversaire Guillaume d’Ockham à propos de l’ontologie de la catégorie de quantité, il admet une structure du continu originale qui semble contenir à la fois des intervalles ou parties divisibles et des points ou indivisibles.For Aristote, concerning its composition in parts, the continuous is divisible but concerning its limits (point, line, surface and depth, the continuous is indivisible. Walter Burley, as his contemporaries, commented on the problematic coexistence of the divisibility and the indivisibility in the structure of the continuous. Much more, battling against his opponent Wilhelm of Ockham about the ontology of the category of quantity, he admits an original structure of continuous who seems to contain at the same time intervals or divisible parts and indivisible points.

  8. Interdisciplinary research and trans-disciplinary validity claims

    CERN Document Server

    Gethmann, C F; Hanekamp, G; Kaiser, M; Kamp, G; Lingner, S; Quante, M; Thiele, F

    2015-01-01

    Interdisciplinarity has seemingly become a paradigm for modern and meaningful research. Clearly, the interdisciplinary modus of deliberation enables to unfold relevant but quite different disciplinary perspectives to the reflection of broader scientific questions or societal problems. However, whether the comprehensive results of interdisciplinary reflection prove to be valid or to be acceptable in trans-disciplinary terms depends upon certain preconditions, which have to be fulfilled for securing scientific quality and social trust in advisory contexts. The present book is written by experts and practitioners of interdisciplinary research and policy advice. It analyses topical and methodological approaches towards interdisciplinarity, starting with the current role of scientific research in society. The volume continues with contributions to the issues of knowledge and acting and to trans-disciplinary deliberation. The final conclusions address the scientific system as substantial actor itself as well as the...

  9. Gender and Disciplinary Differences in Experiences with Interdisciplinary Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrego, Maura; Creamer, Elizabeth G.

    This work directly compares three explanations for differences in experiences of interdisciplinary research collaborators using a sample of 347 academics from 144 different research intensive and extensive universities in the United States who were awarded funding from the same directorate of the National Science Foundation. The findings provide a much more positive view of interdisciplinary collaboration than is routinely found in the literature. Despite varied disciplinary backgrounds, members of the sample are extremely satisfied with their experiences with interdisciplinary collaboration and have much more in common than they differ in their attitudes and experiences, including how they meet collaborators, the difficulties they have encountered, their approach to the division of labor, and their interest in collaboration as a venue for learning. Findings dispute the stereotype that the relational element of collaboration is significantly more salient for women than it is for men.

  10. [Archaeology and criminology--Strengths and weaknesses of interdisciplinary cooperation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachhiesl, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Interdisciplinary cooperation of archaeology and criminology is often focussed on the scientific methods applied in both fields of knowledge. In combination with the humanistic methods traditionally used in archaeology, the finding of facts can be enormously increased and the subsequent hermeneutic deduction of human behaviour in the past can take place on a more solid basis. Thus, interdisciplinary cooperation offers direct and indirect advantages. But it can also cause epistemological problems, if the weaknesses and limits of one method are to be corrected by applying methods used in other disciplines. This may result in the application of methods unsuitable for the problem to be investigated so that, in a way, the methodological and epistemological weaknesses of two disciplines potentiate each other. An example of this effect is the quantification of qualia. These epistemological reflections are compared with the interdisciplinary approach using the concrete case of the "Eulau Crime Scene".

  11. Interdisciplinary approach to disaster resilience education and research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Michael Havbro; Giuliani, Luisa; Revez, A.

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on the results of a survey on “Interdisciplinary working in disaster resilience” conducted by the WP4 work group of the ANDROID Network. The survey had the aim of gathering information on the state of art and practice in the field of disaster resilience and promoting co......-operation and interdisciplinary methodologies in research and education. The survey has been carried out by means of a questionnaire focusing on disaster-resilience projects and on the main challenges faced in interdisciplinary working. The results of the questionnaire, which collected 57 answers from more than 20 European...... in disaster-resilience design by social and cultural aspects, which are instead not often adequately considered in the practice. The establishment of an education on resilient design of urban system, which includes both social and technological aspects, emerges as a possible solution to overcome barriers...

  12. Integrating social sciences and humanities in interdisciplinary research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, David Budtz

    2016-01-01

    Recent attempts to integrate the social sciences and humanities (SSH) in funding for interdisciplinary research have been challenged by a number of barriers. In funding programmes, such as the EU Horizon 2020, the SSH are absent in most calls for contributions. This article revisits the main policy...... drivers for embedding SSH research in interdisciplinary research. By analysing recent policy initiatives, the article shows how policymakers across the world continue to be ambivalent regarding the role of the SSH. While many stakeholders acknowledge the need to integrate SSH research in solving key...... societal challenges, such as climate change, migration or national security, funding for SSH is limited and tends to focus on strategic interventions and instrumental solutions. By accounting for the diversity of interdisciplinary collaborations the article recommends a more context-sensitive approach...

  13. Fostering Collaborative and Interdisciplinary Research in Adult Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Anne Erichsen

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates the interdisciplinary nature of research in adult education and suggests interactive research guides and other interactive resources for fostering collaboration and interdisciplinary inquiry. The purpose is to foster the development of a more functional literacy for information seeking as expressed across disciplines and the thoughtful integration of such information into academic and practical research projects within the field of adult education. Studies of researcher behavior are utilized to suggest some techniques and resources that could be employed more widely in conducting literature searches, including the creation and use of interactive resource guides. Some trends in libraries that offer promise for knowledge discovery and sharing, such as federated searching, customizable workspaces, and user-generated content, are also explored. Finally, tools and resources currently available to promote collaboration and interdisciplinary research are also noted.

  14. An interdisciplinary and collaborative initiative in palliative care research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desa, Veena; Danjoux, Cyril; Matyas, Yvette; Fitch, Margaret; Husain, Amna; Horvath, Nina; Myers, Jeff; Clemons, Mark; Hux, Janet E; Barnes, Elizabeth A

    2008-11-23

    The scale and complexity of palliative care increasingly demands that researchers move beyond their own discipline and explore interdisciplinary collaboration. At a Palliative Care Research Retreat held in January 2006 at the Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, researchers from multiple care settings with the center and from other Toronto hospitals came together with the vision of becoming Canadian leaders in palliative care research. As a result of this retreat, five interdisciplinary groups were formed to pursue research in the areas of pain and symptom management, access to services, translational research, education, and communication. An overview of the retreat and direction of research for each group is provided.

  15. Interdisciplinary consensus on management of premenstrual disorders in Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stute, Petra; Bodmer, Christine; Ehlert, Ulrike; Eltbogen, Roger; Ging, Ankica; Streuli, Isabelle; von Wolff, Michael

    2017-05-01

    Premenstrual disorders (PMD) can affect women throughout their entire reproductive years. In 2016, an interdisciplinary expert meeting of general gynecologists, gynecological endocrinologists, psychiatrists and psychologists from Switzerland was held to provide an interdisciplinary algorithm on PMD management taking reproductive stages into account. The Swiss PMD algorithm differentiates between primary and secondary PMD care providers incorporating different levels of diagnostic and treatment. Treatment options include cognitive behavioral therapy, alternative therapy, antidepressants, ovulation suppression and diuretics. Treatment choice depends on prevalent PMD symptoms, (reproductive) age, family planning, cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities, comedication and the woman's preference. Regular follow-ups are mandatory.

  16. Interdisciplinary for Social Engagement: Art and Design Experimental Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hope Angelique Wells

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this ever-changing world with a population of over seven billion, social equality, and environmental sustainability needs new innovative and inclusive solutions. Today, the interdisciplinary practice of art and design has the ability to raise social awareness and engagement in health-related issues. Art and design experiments with combining the traditional art methods with technology and interactive systems to communicate scientific research with problem solving goals. Creative interdisciplinary opens many doors to a variety of collaborative efforts in seeking proactive solutions to environmental and social issues.

  17. [Dementia in Germany: results of an interdisciplinary expert workshop].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blödt, Susanne; Kuhlmey, Adelheid; Bartholomeyczik, Sabine; Behl, Christian; Betsch, Frederik; Brinkhaus, Benno; Frühwald, Maria; Füsgen, Ingo; Jansen, Sabine; Köppel, Claus; Krüger, Eckhard; Macher, Marilen; Michalsen, Andreas; Rapp, Michael A; Riepe, Matthias W; Schimpf, Dorothea; Teut, Michael; Warme, Britta; Warning, Albrecht; Wilkens, Johannes; Witt, Claudia M

    2013-12-01

    In the aging population of Germany the consequences of Dementia for the society and the health care sector are complex and solutions require a multidisciplinary approach. The aim of the two-day interdisciplinary expert conference was to consider dementia from different perspectives, to identify dementia-related problems and to discuss integrative solutions under consideration of complementary therapies. In different working groups the experts developed solutions and recommendations with regards to political need, health care and future research priorities. The present recommendations profited very much from the interdisciplinary participants of the conference and brought together the expertise of different fields resulting in a comprehensive picture about dementia in Germany.

  18. Misconceptions of Synthetic Biology: Lessons from an Interdisciplinary Summer School

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Verseux, Cyprien; G Acevedo-Rocha, Carlos; Chizzolini, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    In 2014, an international group of scholars from various fields analysed the "societal dimensions" of synthetic biology in an interdisciplinary summer school. Here, we report and discuss the biologists' observations on the general perception of synthetic biology by non-biologists who took part in...... understanding of the field to make informed decisions. Interdisciplinary events gathering scholars working in and around synthetic biology are an effective tool in addressing those issues....... in this event. Most attendees mainly associated synthetic biology with contributions from the best-known public figures of the field, rarely mentioning other scientists. Media extrapolations of those contributions appeared to have created unrealistic expectations and irrelevant fears that were widely...

  19. Considering dance practices as unique cases in interdisciplinary research studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Susanne

    ” (Flyvbjerg, 2011) in the domain of qualitative research. Such designs are of specific relevance for research projects exploring body, movement and sensing in general. Thereafter I present the results of some of my resent studies. These studies are based in a critical constructive interdisciplinary......The aim of this paper is to present interdisciplinary considerations of relevance to strengthen dance research in relation to – and in cooperation with - other academic disciplines. I firstly describe how dance practices can be handled as “extreme cases” and cases with “maximal variations...

  20. Measurement properties and implementation of a checklist to assess leadership skills during interdisciplinary rounds in the intensive care unit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ten Have, Elsbeth C M; Nap, Raoul E; Tulleken, Jaap E

    2015-01-01

    The implementation of interdisciplinary teams in the intensive care unit (ICU) has focused attention on leadership behavior. A daily recurrent situation in ICUs in which both leadership behavior and interdisciplinary teamwork are integrated concerns the interdisciplinary rounds (IDRs). Although IDRs

  1. Interdisciplinary Project-Based Learning: Technology for Improving Student Cognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stozhko, Natalia; Bortnik, Boris; Mironova, Ludmila; Tchernysheva, Albina; Podshivalova, Ekaterina

    2015-01-01

    The article studies a way of enhancing student cognition by using interdisciplinary project-based learning (IPBL) in a higher education institution. IPBL is a creative pedagogic approach allowing students of one area of specialisation to develop projects for students with different academic profiles. The application of this approach in the Ural…

  2. Using Iceland as a Model for Interdisciplinary Honors Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Kim; Thorgaard, Gary

    2014-01-01

    Interdisciplinary approaches do not merely satisfy an abstract longing; in post-educational life--especially in a secular, Western, post-modern culture--young people must confront complex issues that transcend any one discipline. Educational systems accordingly have a duty to offer frameworks for understanding this complexity that go beyond any…

  3. Teaching Interdisciplinary Thematic Units in Language Arts. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, Naomi

    This Digest discusses teaching interdisciplinary thematic units in language arts, noting that such units typically integrate broad areas of knowledge, such as social studies, mathematics, or ecology with the teaching of the four major language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The Digest presents a definition and rationale for…

  4. Interdisciplinary orthognathic treatment of high angle class III ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For Class III adult patients, combined treatment strategy must be followed which includes either further dentoalveolar compensation or orthognathic surgery following decompensation of the teeth. This case report presents the interdisciplinary approach of a skeletal Class III malocclusion with increased vertical facial ...

  5. The Intelligent Career Framework as a Basis for Interdisciplinary Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Polly; Khapova, Svetlana N.; Arthur, Michael B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines how separate behavioral science disciplines can be brought together to more fully understand the dynamics of contemporary careers. We adopt one interdisciplinary framework--that of the "intelligent career"--and use it to examine how separate disciplinary approaches relate to one another. The intelligent career framework…

  6. An Interdisciplinary Theme: Topographic Maps and Plate Tectonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Concannon, James P.; Aulgur, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This is an interdisciplinary lesson designed for middle school students studying landforms and geological processes. Students create a two-dimensional topographic map from a three-dimensional landform that they create using clay. Students then use other groups' topographic maps to re-create landforms. Following this, students explore some basic…

  7. Motivating First-Year University Students by Interdisciplinary Study Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Franziska D.; Dirsch-Weigand, Andrea; Awolin, Malte; Pinkelman, Rebecca J.; Hampe, Manfred J.

    2017-01-01

    In order to increase student commitment from the beginning of students' university careers, the Technische Universität Darmstadt has introduced interdisciplinary study projects involving first-year students from the engineering, natural, social and history, economics and/or human sciences departments. The didactic concept includes sophisticated…

  8. Interdisciplinary Programs Focused Populations: The Case of Health Management Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidovitch, Nitza; Yavich, Roman

    2015-01-01

    The Ariel University has a unique interdisciplinary program in healthcare management that targets experienced healthcare professionals who wish to earn an academic degree. Only one academic study has been held so far on the integration of graduates of an academic university-level school in healthcare management in the field. In the current study,…

  9. Evaluation of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Julie T

    2008-08-01

    Interdisciplinarity has become a widespread mantra for research, accompanied by a growing body of publications. Evaluation, however, remains one of the least-understood aspects. This review of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research evaluation categorizes lessons from the emergent international literature on the topic reviewed in 2007. It defines parallels between research performance and evaluation, presents seven generic principles for evaluation, and reflects in the conclusion on changing connotations of the underlying concepts of discipline, peer, and measurement. Interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research performance and evaluation are both generative processes of harvesting, capitalizing, and leveraging multiple expertise. Individual standards must be calibrated, and tensions among different disciplinary, professional, and interdisciplinary approaches carefully managed in balancing acts that require negotiation and compromise. Readiness levels are strengthened by antecedent conditions that are flexible enough to allow multiple pathways of integration and collaboration. In both cases, as well, new epistemic communities must be constructed and new cultures of evidence produced. The multidisciplinary-interdisciplinary-transdisciplinary research environment spans a wide range of contexts. Yet seven generic principles provide a coherent framework for thinking about evaluation: (1) variability of goals; (2) variability of criteria and indicators; (3) leveraging of integration; (4) interaction of social and cognitive factors in collaboration; (5) management, leadership, and coaching; (6) iteration in a comprehensive and transparent system; and (7) effectiveness and impact.

  10. The need for interdisciplinary research in personality studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oers, K.

    2007-01-01

    The target paper demonstrates the value of evolutionary genetics for personality research. Apart from a summing-up of concepts, the authors validate their theory with evidence from studies on both human- and animal personality. In this commentary, I want to show the need for inter-disciplinary

  11. Synthesis and Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals: An Interdisciplinary Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hecke, Gerald R.; Karukstis, Kerry K.; Hanhan Li; Hendargo, Hansford C.; Cosand, Andrew J.; Fox, Marja M.

    2005-01-01

    A study involves multiple chemistry and physics concepts applied to a state of matter that has biological relevance. An experiment involving the synthesis and physical properties of liquid crystals illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of liquid crystal research and the practical devices derived from such research.

  12. Developing an Interdisciplinary Curriculum Framework for Aquatic-Ecosystem Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Laurel; Segale, Heather M.; DeAngelis, Donald L.; Jenkins, Stephen H.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents results from a July 2005 workshop and course aimed at developing an interdisciplinary course on modeling aquatic ecosystems that will provide the next generation of practitioners with critical skills for which formal training is presently lacking. Five different course models were evaluated: (1) fundamentals/general principles…

  13. Problems with and Needs for Interdisciplinary Interactions in Vocational Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultheiss, Donna E. Palladino; Pennington, Deneen

    2009-01-01

    This article summarizes 10 presentations in a discussion group of the 2007 joint international symposium of the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance, Society for Vocational Psychology, and National Career Development Association held in Padua, Italy. This discussion group focused on interdisciplinary interactions in…

  14. Interdisciplinary drought risk assessment for agriculture: The case of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Interdisciplinary drought risk assessment provides the true reflection of drought risk by integrating hazard data with adaptation, vulnerability and coping capacity. Traditional methods for drought risk calculation based purely on meteorological extremes do not provide an accurate reflection of disaster drought. Communal ...

  15. Interdisciplinary robotics project for first-year engineering degree students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Aznar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The acquisition of both transversal and specific competences cannot be achieved using conventional methodologies. New methodologies must be applied that promote the necessary competences for proper professional development. Interdisciplinary projects can be a suitable tool for competence-based learning. A priori, this might be complicated, as subjects are traditionally studied at the university level in isolated compartments, with a fragmented structure. Taking advantage of the creation of new degree programs in Mechanical Engineering and Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation, in the 2010-11 academic year we decided to add an interdisciplinary project (IP to our teaching methodology. The importance of this project lies in the fact that it requires the participation of all the courses in all the academic years in the degree program. The present article explains the methodology used in the interdisciplinary project and how it was implemented in the first year of the Mechanical Engineering and Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation degree programs. Furthermore, an evaluation is conducted of all four years of the interdisciplinary project, revealing the main problems with its execution and how they have been addressed.

  16. Senior Humanities: Interdisciplinary Education in English and Religion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Douglas Ross

    An interdisciplinary approach to teaching English and religion can eliminate some of the educational problems posed by each subject. Part one of this thesis presents a philosophy of education which suggests that confluent and student-centered methods of teaching can best develop creativity and, thus, lead to greater humanization of students. Part…

  17. Collaborative Research on Sustainability: Myths and Conundrums of Interdisciplinary Departments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Sherren

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Establishing interdisciplinary academic departments has been a common response to the challenge of addressing complex problems. However, the assumptions that guide the formation of such departments are rarely questioned. Additionally, the designers and managers of interdisciplinary academic departments in any field of endeavour struggle to set an organisational climate appropriate to the diversity of their members. This article presents a preliminary analysis of collaborative dynamics within two interdisciplinary university departments in Australia focused on sustainability. Social network diagrams and metrics of coauthorship and cosupervision are analysed qualitatively. A “vicarious interdisciplinarity” was identified among key academics working narrowly in order to earn the resources that allow them to support others working interdisciplinarily. Those supported in this way appear to benefit from the esteem and nonredundant collaborative connections their mentors provide via this strategy, but they experience uncertainty about their own career opportunities in similar settings. This article thus unearths a conundrum of succession for interdisciplinary academic environments, and suggests that simple colocation of diverse academic stars is an inadequate strategy to achieve effective intradepartmental collaboration.

  18. Using a Low Cost Flight Simulation Environment for Interdisciplinary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, M. Javed; Rossi, Marcia; ALi, Syed F.

    2004-01-01

    A multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary education is increasingly being emphasized for engineering undergraduates. However, often the focus is on interaction between engineering disciplines. This paper discusses the experience at Tuskegee University in providing interdisciplinary research experiences for undergraduate students in both Aerospace Engineering and Psychology through the utilization of a low cost flight simulation environment. The environment, which is pc-based, runs a low-cost of-the-shelf software and is configured for multiple out-of-the-window views and a synthetic heads down display with joystick, rudder and throttle controls. While the environment is being utilized to investigate and evaluate various strategies for training novice pilots, students were involved to provide them with experience in conducting such interdisciplinary research. On the global inter-disciplinary level these experiences included developing experimental designs and research protocols, consideration of human participant ethical issues, and planning and executing the research studies. During the planning phase students were apprised of the limitations of the software in its basic form and the enhancements desired to investigate human factors issues. A number of enhancements to the flight environment were then undertaken, from creating Excel macros for determining the performance of the 'pilots', to interacting with the software to provide various audio/video cues based on the experimental protocol. These enhancements involved understanding the flight model and performance, stability & control issues. Throughout this process, discussions of data analysis included a focus from a human factors perspective as well as an engineering point of view.

  19. GIS-based Integration of Interdisciplinary Ecological Data to Detect ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GIS-based Integration of Interdisciplinary Ecological Data to Detect Land-cover Changes in Creek Mangroves at Gazi Bay, Kenya. ... Very low values of basal area (7.7 m2/ha and 4.9 m2/ha) and complexity indices (1.86 and 1.12) at Makongeni and Kinondo 1, respectively, reflected intense human pressure in these areas.

  20. Ethics of Tax Law Compliance: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummings, Richard G.; Longo, Peter J.; Rioux, Jean W.

    2012-01-01

    The first semester Tax I student seems to be interested in the ethical issue of why citizens should report their income and only take legitimate tax deductions when it is unlikely that anyone will ever know. This paper addresses this issue from an interdisciplinary approach of accounting, philosophy, and political science. The accounting…