Sample records for wai-fah chen eric

  1. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  2. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  3. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...

  4. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China......; they speak to important questions in China today. This study, then, is not a biography of a person; it is an attempt to understand the way in which foreign influences (narratives of being, organizing, thinking, writing) seep into a person’s life and work and meld with the “home” influences (narratives...

  5. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have......; they speak to important questions in China today. This study, then, is not a biography of a person; it is an attempt to understand the way in which foreign influences (narratives of being, organizing, thinking, writing) seep into a person’s life and work and meld with the “home” influences (narratives...

  6. The Eric Cantor Upset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward


    US update. The surprise primary defat of Eric Cantor, which shows that the Tea Party is still in business......US update. The surprise primary defat of Eric Cantor, which shows that the Tea Party is still in business...

  7. Chen Li: China's elder psychologist. (United States)

    Blowers, G H


    Chen Li is one of a small group of psychologists in China who trained abroad early in their careers, returned to teach and do research, and continued doing so into later life beyond normal retirement age. His contacts with a number of prominent psychologists in England and Germany in the 1930s, and his inadvertent position at the center of a political row in China in the 1960s, leading to the shutting down of psychology for 10 years, made him historically important. Known for his work in organizational psychology and education, he is a distinguished psychologist and educational leader. Although trained as an experimentalist, he now embraces a broader view of psychology but remains emphatic it should be applied to real-life problems.

  8. ERIC: Sphinx or Golden Griffin? (United States)

    Lopez, Manuel D.


    Evaluates the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database. Summarizes ERIC's history and organization, and discusses criticisms concerning access, currency, and database content. Reviews role of component clearinghouses, indexing practices, thesaurus structure, international coverage, and comparative studies. Finds ERIC a valuable…

  9. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Steiner, Karen


    Summarizes 10 recent ERIC documents concerning the development and education of young adolescents. Issues covered in these documents include the definition of adolescence and adolescence in relation to sexual, physical, cognitive, and social development, family life, after-school needs, risk-taking behavior, educational needs, and teacher…

  10. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard


    Summarizes four documents and seven journal articles in the ERIC database that examine children's self-esteem. Topics include self-esteem and academic achievement in black male adolescents, self-esteem and social responsibility, factors associated with self-esteem, self-esteem and peer relationships, enhancing self-esteem, and predictors of…

  11. Stability analysis of distributed order fractional chen system. (United States)

    Aminikhah, H; Refahi Sheikhani, A; Rezazadeh, H


    We first investigate sufficient and necessary conditions of stability of nonlinear distributed order fractional system and then we generalize the integer-order Chen system into the distributed order fractional domain. Based on the asymptotic stability theory of nonlinear distributed order fractional systems, the stability of distributed order fractional Chen system is discussed. In addition, we have found that chaos exists in the double fractional order Chen system. Numerical solutions are used to verify the analytical results.

  12. Antioxidant activities of seed extracts from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The heartwood or root of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen is an important traditional Chinese medicine. Antioxidant activities of seed extracts from D. odorifera T. Chen were first investigated in this study. Ethanolic extracts were suspended in distilled water and partitioned successively with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ...

  13. Consistent Yokoya-Chen Approximation to Beamstrahlung(LCC-0010)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin, M


    I reconsider the Yokoya-Chen approximate evolution equation for beamstrahlung and modify it slightly to generate simple, consistent analytical approximations for the electron and photon energy spectra. I compare these approximations to previous ones, and to simulation data.I reconsider the Yokoya-Chen approximate evolution equation for beamstrahlung and modify it slightly to generate simple, consistent analytical approximations for the electron and photon energy spectra. I compare these approximations to previous ones, and to simulation data.

  14. Chen's attractor exists if Lorenz repulsor exists: The Chen system is a special case of the Lorenz system (United States)

    Algaba, Antonio; Fernández-Sánchez, Fernando; Merino, Manuel; Rodríguez-Luis, Alejandro J.


    In this paper, we show, by means of a linear scaling in time and coordinates, that the Chen system, given by ẋ=a(y-x), ẏ=(c-a)x+cy-xz, ż=-bz+xy, is, generically (c ≠0), a special case of the Lorenz system. First, we infer that it is enough to consider two parameters to study its dynamics. Furthermore, we prove that there exists a homothetic transformation between the Chen and the Lorenz systems and, accordingly, all the dynamical behavior exhibited by the Chen system is present in the Lorenz system (since the former is a special case of the second). We illustrate our results relating Hopf bifurcations, periodic orbits, invariant surfaces, and chaotic attractors of both systems. Since there has been a large literature that has ignored this equivalence, the aim of this paper is to review and clarify this field. Unfortunately, a lot of the previous papers on the Chen system are unnecessary or incorrect.

  15. Leadership. ERIC Digest No. 26. (United States)

    Meredith, Sydney J.

    An ERIC digest provides general information to help educators, students, and others evaluate their own capacities for leadership. Material is divided into six substantive sections. "What is leadership?" provides definitions of the concept, discusses differences between leadership and management and considers requisites for effective…

  16. Grandma Moses Meets Eric Carle (United States)

    Sutley, Jane


    This activity features artwork by "Grandma Moses" in which children will learn the picture plane in terms of foreground, middle ground, and background. The teacher also introduces the children to Eric Carle's colorful collaged images in his books. Using the two artists' methods, children experimented and invented new techniques and colors. As the…

  17. Discussion on manufacturing techniques of Chen Zhang Pot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Taofeng


    Full Text Available The Chen Zhang Pot, made in the late Warring States period is an openwork bronze pot with gold and silver inlay. It was identified as a first-class historical relic of the nation by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in 2001. To explore its manufacturing techniques, XRF, CT and X-Ray photograph microscopic observation were adopted for the non-destructive examination of the Chen Zhang Pot. The analysis data show that many parts of the Chen Zhang Pot were cast separately, and then assembled. It also shows that the composition proportion of each part of the Chen Zhang Pot is different; and the bronze color, hardness and tensile strength are different for each alloy proportion. A variety of decoration techniques were adopted in the manufacturing process, which make the color more diverse and gorgeous. The openwork decoration is the most complex part of the pot, and the gold and silver decoration technique also represents the high level manufacturing technology in the Warring States period. In summary, the Chen Zhang Pot is a unique art treasure, and as a specimen it allows us to study the bronze casting technology in the Warring States period.

  18. The age grading and the Chen-Ruan cup product

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A. Hepworth, Richard


    We prove that the obstruction bundle used to define the cup-product in Chen-Ruan cohomology is determined by the so-called `age grading' or `degree-shifting numbers'. Indeed, the obstruction bundle can be directly computed using the age grading. We obtain a Kunneth Theorem for Chen-Ruan cohomology...... as a direct consequence of an elementary property of the age grading, and explain how several other results - including associativity of the cup-product - can be proved in a similar way....

  19. Perspectives on ERIC and Adult Education (United States)

    Imel, Susan


    Susan Imel is retired from Ohio State University. From December 1981 until December 2003, she was the Adult Education Specialist at the ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education and Director from 1987 through 2003. This essay begins with a brief overview of the ERIC system including goals for the clearinghouses, followed by a…

  20. Gregory Bateson and Eric Voegelin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn


    This article argues that two important thinkers of the 20th century, Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) and Eric Voegelin (1901-1985), developed a set of ideas that are of importance to the history of the human sciences. The article also argues that their ideas display similarities that have not yet been...... discussed within the larger history of the human sciences. The aim of the article is to show how the diagnostic terms provided by Bateson and Voegelin complement each other toward an understanding of underlying tensions and social pathologies of contemporary civilization....

  1. Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for Hyper Chaotic Chen System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available In this paper, a fuzzy sliding mode control method is proposed for stabilizing hyper chaotic Chen system. The main objective of the control scheme is to stabilize unstable equilibrium point of the system by controlling the states of the system so that they converge to a pre-defined sliding surface and remain on it. A fuzzy control technique is also utilized in order to overcome the main disadvantage of sliding mode control methods, i.e. chattering problem. It is shown that the equilibrium point of the system is stabilized by using the proposed method. A stability analysis is also performed to prove that the states of the system converge to the sliding surface and remain on it. Simulations show that the control method can be effectively applied to Chen system when it performs hyper chaotic behavior.

  2. Eric Davidson and deep time. (United States)

    Erwin, Douglas H


    Eric Davidson had a deep and abiding interest in the role developmental mechanisms played in generating evolutionary patterns documented in deep time, from the origin of the euechinoids to the processes responsible for the morphological architectures of major animal clades. Although not an evolutionary biologist, Davidson's interests long preceded the current excitement over comparative evolutionary developmental biology. Here I discuss three aspects at the intersection between his research and evolutionary patterns in deep time: First, understanding the mechanisms of body plan formation, particularly those associated with the early diversification of major metazoan clades. Second, a critique of early claims about ancestral metazoans based on the discoveries of highly conserved genes across bilaterian animals. Third, Davidson's own involvement in paleontology through a collaborative study of the fossil embryos from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation in south China.

  3. Beschichtung hochwertiger Karosserieoberflächen mit Pulver-Slurry


    Weckerle, Gero


    Die Beschichtung von Karosserieaußenflächen erfolgt heute vorwiegend durch elektrostatisch unterstützte Hochrotationszerstäuber (ESTA-HR) an Lackierautomaten, die zunehmend durch Lackierroboter ersetzt werden. Dieser technologische Wandel basiert auf den Qualitäts- und Kostenvorteilen, die sich beim Einsatz der Roboter ergeben. So kann beispielsweise durch die höhere Flexibilität der Bewegung die Zahl der erforderlichen Zerstäuber pro Lackierzone deutlich reduziert werden. Um dennoch die gefo...

  4. Erice: its past and present roles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canavan, Gregory H [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    In the depths of the cold war there were few places where it was possible, let alone acceptable, to discuss global problems and their solution. Erice provided such a venue. Prof. Zichichi built it by inviting friends of international statue to visit Erice to discuss fundamental problems in science, technology, and society. Gradually the discussions were broadened to the more sensitive issues of global war and its consequences, which ranged from strategic forces and their stability to missile defenses and their impacts. Erice was one of the few places that these problems and their possible solutions could be discussed in a dispassionate and productive manner. Much of the reason these discussions remained objective and productive was Prof. Zichichi's 'gentle' prodding of participants towards a useful solution that all could accept. All was not deadly serious. I often accompanied Dr. Teller to the meetings, which he enjoyed enormously because they recalled the free-wheeling discussions he participated in when quantum physics was in its infancy. It was also pleasant to see him interact with Prof. Lee, who still gave Dr. Teller the deference due his old professor, and Dr. Garwin, who had worked with Dr. Teller in Los Alamos. By the end of the cold war Erice was recognized as a valuable site for such discussions. Perhaps for that reason, when the transfer of power in the Soviet Union evolved into an attempted coup, President Yeltsin sent a large contingent of scientists in his own plane to participate in the Erice seminar. It soon appeared that this contingent was not chosen randomly, but might contain many of the scientists who knew their missile launch codes. Despite their senior status, they quickly proved themselves to be competent scientists and enthusiastic participants. A by product to that interaction developed the following year when the Russian economy faltered and its science needed external support lest nuclear scientists leave Russia. U

  5. How Memory Is Tested Influences What Is Measured: Reply to Wyble and Chen (2017) (United States)

    Swallow, Khena M.; Jiang, Yuhong V.; Tan, Deborah H.


    In this response to Wyble and Chen's (2017) commentary on attribute amnesia, we hope to achieve several goals. First, we clarify how our view diverges from that described by Wyble and Chen. We argue that because the surprise memory test is disruptive, it is an insensitive tool for measuring the persistence of recently attended target attributes in…

  6. La Disciplina Positiva (Positive Discipline). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This ERIC Digest suggests methods and language that can be used in handling difficult, but common, situations involving young children. The digest explains 12 methods of disciplining children that promote children's self-worth. These methods are: (1) showing children that the reasons for their actions are understood; (2) stating reasons; (3)…

  7. Teaching about Presidential Elections. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Vontz, Thomas S.; Nixon, William A.

    Although elections are an annual theme in many social studies classrooms, presidential election years prompt increased interest among students in the electoral process and offer an opportunity to teach about a national election as it happens. This ERIC Digest describes the legal requirements and traditions of U.S. presidential elections, processes…

  8. Trends in Peace Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Johnson, Marcia L.

    This ERIC Digest reviews the development and current status of peace education in the United States. After briefly surveying the peace education movement from its origins with a small group of educators in New England in the 1800s through its stigmatization as being anti-American during periods of hot and cold war, the Digest devotes more…

  9. ERIC References on Urban and Minority Education. (United States)

    Rothstein, Pauline M., Comp.


    This issue of the "Equal Opportunity Review" is devoted to an annotated bibliography to be used as a guide to recent literature on urban and minority education accessible through the ERIC system. The following topics are addressed in the bibliography: (1) integration and urban life (46 citations); (2) bilingual, bicultural, and multicultural…

  10. Manejo de riesgo (Risk Management). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gaustad, Joan

    The ordinary conduct of school business is accompanied today by risks that were rare or unknown a few decades ago. This ERIC Digest in Spanish discusses how risk management, a concept long used by corporate decision makers, can help school boards and administrators conserve their districts' assets. Risk management is a coordinated effort to…

  11. Learning from a Sea Snail: Eric Kandel

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 6; Issue 6. Learning from a Sea Snail: Eric Kandel. Rohini Balakrishnan. Research News Volume 6 Issue 6 June 2001 pp 86-90. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: ...

  12. Review of the genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae) with description of two new species. (United States)

    Chang, Zhi-Min; Yang, Lin; Zhang, Zheng-Guang; Chen, Xiang-Sheng


    Two new species of the issid genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae): Neotetricodes longispinus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) and Neotetricodes xiphoideus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) are described and illustrated. The generic characteristic is redefined. A checklist and key to the species of the genus are provided. The female genitalia of the genus are firstly described.

  13. Existence of Paenibacillus larvae genotypes ERIC I-ST2, ERIC I-ST15 and ERIC II-ST10 in the western region of Aichi prefecture, Japan. (United States)

    Hirai, Yuko; Suzuki, Toshinari; Inaba, Nanami; Minoguchi, Naokazu; Takamatsu, Daisuke


    American foulbrood is the most destructive honeybee bacterial disease. The etiological agent, Paenibacillus larvae, has been classified into four genotypes by a repetitive-element PCR (ERIC I-IV) and 21 sequence types by multilocus sequence typing (ST1-21). In this study, we genotyped Japanese P. larvae isolates for the first time and revealed the presence of three genotypes (ERIC I-ST2, ERIC I-ST15 and ERIC II-ST10) in the western region of Aichi prefecture. ERIC I-ST15 and ERIC II-ST10 are globally distributed types, whereas the ERIC I-ST2 isolate was the first isolate of this genotype identified outside the native range of the European honeybee. The ERIC I and II isolates differed in phenotypes including cell morphology, and these may be useful for predicting ERIC types.

  14. Refugees in the United States: A Bibliography of ERIC Documents. ERIC/CUE Bibliography Number 7. (United States)

    Ascher, Carol; Alladice, Darryl

    This bibliography contains 303 citations of conference papers, research and project reports, and other materials drawn from the ERIC database. The entries are organized according to a number of issues relating to the resettlement and adaptation of Indochinese, Cuban, Haitian, and Russian refugees in the United States. The categories include:…

  15. Skyview Foods: Eric's Real Dilemma with Channel Partners (United States)

    Castleberry, Stephen B.


    As a marketing analyst, Eric is faced with several ethical dilemmas. When asked to engage in unethical and illegal behavior, Eric must decide whether to obey his boss and fudge the numbers (the counts of product purchased in order to get reimbursed more from the manufacturer during special sales) or take the ethical route. The case consists of two…

  16. Computer Cache: ERIC and the Library Media Specialist. (United States)

    Lodish, Erica K.


    Description of how library media specialists can assist teachers and administrators in retrieving useful information by using ERIC highlights its organization, the types of materials available that are especially useful to classroom teachers, and ways that it can be accessed online. A list of ERIC Clearinghouses with addresses is included. (EM)

  17. Sociology in Times of Crisis: Chen Da, National Salvation and the Indigenization of Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Candela


    Full Text Available Chen Da was one of the foremost sociologists of China from the 1920s to the 1940s. His intellectual habitus took shape from the long crisis that defined Chinese intellectual life from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries, a period of continuous imperial assault on Chinese sovereignty. As China integrated into the capitalist world-system, neo-Confucian structures of knowledge came into question. Intellectuals took up sociology to guide China’s transition from an empire to a nation-state. Through his studies on labor, migration, and population, Chen Da contributed to the institutionalization of sociology in China. Chen sought to craft a theory of Chinese development that followed universal trajectories of progress but was also attuned to the complexity of Chinese society on the ground. Through his efforts to indigenize sociology, Chen developed a non-Marxist historical materialism, a deterritorialized and pluralistic conceptualization of China as a nation, and a theory of eugenic transformation centered on the concept of “mode of living.” The questions which Chen Da confronted are emblematic of the predicament faced by Chinese social scientists today, who again struggle with the dynamics of a deterritorialzied “Greater China,” rising social fragmentation, and refigured eugenic discourses and policies that aim to craft the Chinese people into ideal national subjects fit for post-socialist development.

  18. Secure Communication Based on Hyperchaotic Chen System with Time-Delay (United States)

    Ren, Hai-Peng; Bai, Chao; Huang, Zhan-Zhan; Grebogi, Celso

    An experimental secure communication method based on the Chen system with time-delay is being proposed in this paper. The Chen system with time-delay is an infinite-dimensional system having more than one positive Lyapunov exponent. The message to be transmitted is encrypted using an hyperchaotic signal generated by the Chen system with time-delay and multishift cipher function. This encryption makes difficult for an eavesdropper to reconstruct the attractor by using time-delay embedding techniques, return map reconstruction, or spectral analysis, consequently, improving the security. Simulations and experiments on TI TMS320C6713 Digital Signal Processor (DSP) show improved resilience against attack and the feasibility of the proposed scheme.

  19. Chen Ning Yang’s New Contributions After He Returned to Where He Started (United States)

    Zhu, Bang-Fen


    Chen Ning Yang returned to Tsinghua University as a full professor in 2003. Regarding the fact that very few people know what Professor Yang has contributed to science and to China after his return, in this article new contributions of Chen Ning Yang are introduced as far as the author knows, including his leading role in China’s sciences, the research in statistical physics, the role in cultivating gifted students, his research in history of science, and all other aspects relating to China’s developments.

  20. CAS Accelerator Physics held in Erice, Italy

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School


    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) recently organised a specialised course on Superconductivity for Accelerators, held at the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Italy from 24 April-4 May, 2013.   Photo courtesy of Alessandro Noto, Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture. Following a handful of summary lectures on accelerator physics and the fundamental processes of superconductivity, the course covered a wide range of topics related to superconductivity and highlighted the latest developments in the field. Realistic case studies and topical seminars completed the programme. The school was very successful with 94 participants representing 23 nationalities, coming from countries as far away as Belorussia, Canada, China, India, Japan and the United States (for the first time a young Ethiopian lady, studying in Germany, attended this course). The programme comprised 35 lectures, 3 seminars and 7 hours of case study. The case studies were p...

  1. Eric Kandel: the future of memory. (United States)

    Kandel, Erik


    Watching ice floes glide by on the Hudson River from Eric Kandel's office, one gets a sense of placid reflection tempered by constant action-an apt analogy for Kandel's ability to calmly manage several ongoing projects and commitments at once. In addition to his well-lauded, ongoing research at Columbia University Medical Center's New York State Psychiatric Institute, Kandel has written several books on neurobiology, behavior, and memory. In addition to being a Nobel Laureate Scientist, he is well-known as an editor of the seminal textbook Principles of Neural Science. He and his colleagues are in the midst of working on a new edition of Principles, and he is working on a scientific autobiography. MI sat down with Dr. Kandel and discussed with him a range of topics including childhood and early career influences, intramural research at the NIH, the HHMI, ethical considerations of altering memory and, of course, Aplysia.

  2. Variability of OI 090.4 ShaoMing Hu , Xu Chen & DiFu Guo

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    Dec 20, 2009 ... ShaoMing Hu. ∗. , Xu Chen & DiFu Guo. School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, Weihai,. 180 Cultural West Road, Shandong 264209, China. ∗ e-mail: Abstract. OI 090.4 was monitored on 21 nights from 2006 to 2012 for studying the variability. Strong variations ...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Dolinar


    Full Text Available This paper empirically examines the well-known Chen-Roll-Ross model on the Croatian stock market. Modifications of definitions of the Chen-Roll-Ross model variables showed as necessary because of doubtful availability and quality of input data needed. Namely, some macroeconomic and market variables are not available in the originally defined form or do not exist. In that sense this paper gives some alternative definitions for some model variables. Also, in order to improve statistical analysis, in this paper we have modified Fama-MacBeth technique in the way that second-pass regression was substituted with panel regression analysis. Based on the two-pass regression analysis of returns of 34 Croatian stocks on 4 macroeconomic variables during the seven-and-half-year observation period the following conclusion is made. In contrast to the results of Chen, Roll and Ross (1986 for the U.S. stock market, their model is not successful when describing a risk-return relation of Croatian stocks. Nevertheless, one observed version of the Chen-RollRoss model showed certain statistical significance. Namely, two risk factors in that version of the model were statistically significant: default premium, measured as risk premium for the corporate short-term bank loan financing, and term structure premium, measured on short-run basis.

  4. Fans of Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andrew Ryan Rico


    On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in what was then the deadliest school shooting in American history...

  5. Benefits of Art and Music Education. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard


    Annotates 13 recent documents and journals from the ERIC database that discuss the benefits of art and music education to children's development and academic achievement. Includes art and music education Internet sites. (LBT)

  6. Eric Soovere fotodest sõjafotograafia kontektis / Ahto Sooaru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sooaru, Ahto


    Püütakse selgitada Eric Soovere piltide ja teksti tausta põgenemisel kodumaalt, näidatakse tema töö tähtsust Eesti visuaalkultuuris ja käsitletakse ka sõjafotograafia ajalugu ning sõjafotograafia peegeldusi kunstis. Praktilise tööna sündis DVD, kuhu on koondatud Eric Soovere päevik ja fotomaterjal kaasaegse formaadina

  7. Self-Representation and Cultural Expectations: Yogi Chen and Religious Practices of Life-Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard K. Payne


    Full Text Available Explores the differences in self-representation as found in the autobiographical writings of Yogi Chen, Billy Graham, and the Dalai Lama. While the latter two are widely recognized in American popular religious culture, the former is virtually invisible outside the immigrant Chinese American community. This invisibility is consistent with fact that the religious praxes of immigrant communities remain largely under-studied. However, one additional factor appears to be the mismatch between the expectations of the dominant religious culture and the immigrant culture in terms of the ways in which religious leaders represent themselves. Both Billy Graham and the Dalai Lama present themselves in very humble terms, consistent with the expectations of the Pietist background to American popular religion. Yogi Chen on the contrary tends toward a self-aggrandizing style, which although consistent with the competitive nature of premodern Tibetan religious culture is not congruent with the expectations of American popular religion.

  8. Eric Robertson, Arp. Painter, Poet, Sculptor 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Hemus


    Full Text Available Gertrude Stein's 1909 extended textual portrait of Picasso at once tries to capture the artist anew, as he has never been rendered before, and resists closure and flatness of meaning. It is multi-faceted, cubist, repetitive but never static, trying to arrive at the essence of the artist, but acknowledging the slipperiness of its objective. In writing a portrait, biography or monograph, the author's challenge is to apprehend a subject and to distil the themes and techniques of his/her life and work, but without reducing that person to a one-dimensional outline. This is especially difficult when the figure is well-known, or at least when some aspect or aspects of that figure are well-known. It is a challenge that Eric Robertson not only faces, but relishes, in Arp: Painter, Poet, Sculptor (Yale University Press, 2006. When he writes that Arp, "seems to have fostered his multiple identity with a quite deliberate disregard for the biographer's task" (p. 3, it is in a spirit of admiration rather than complaint.

  9. Molecular characterization of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis isolated from goats using ERIC-PCR. (United States)

    Dorneles, E M S; Santana, J A; Andrade, G I; Santos, E L S; Guimarães, A S; Mota, R A; Santos, A S; Miyoshi, A; Azevedo, V; Gouveia, A M G; Lage, A P; Heinemann, M B


    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the infectious agent of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA), is responsible for substantial economic losses in goat and sheep production. Molecular characterization of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR has shown promising results in genotyping strains isolated from sheep with CLA. We evaluated the genetic diversity of C. pseudotuberculosis isolates collected from the Sertão region of the Pernambuco (PE) State, Brazil, and investigated the potential of ERIC-PCR as a tool for the molecular typing of strains of C. pseudotuberculosis isolated from goats. Thirty-two C. pseudotuberculosis strains isolated from goats in the municipalities of Floresta and Ibimirim, PE, C. pseudotuberculosis type strain ATCC 19410, the 1002 vaccine strain, and a field isolate of Rhodococcus equi were fingerprinted using the primers ERIC-1R and ERIC-2 and the primer pair ERIC- 1R+ERIC-2. Using 100% similarity as the cutoff, 8, 10, and 7 genotypes were obtained with ERIC-1-PCR, ERIC-2-PCR, and ERIC-1+2-PCR, respectively. The Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index calculated for the ERIC-1-PCR was 0.75. The index for the ERIC-2-PCR was 0.88, and the index for the ERIC-1+2-PCR was 0.79. Among goat isolates of C. pseudotuberculosis, three, two and four genotypes (found by ERIC-1-PCR, ERIC-2-PCR, and ERIC-1+2-PCR, respectively) had been previously described among sheep isolates from Minas Gerais State, Brazil. These results showed that ERIC-PCR has good discriminatory power and typeability, making it a useful tool for discrimination among C. pseudotuberculosis isolates from goats.

  10. Entrevista com Eric McLuhan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLuhan, Eric


    Full Text Available Marshall McLuhan faria 100 anos em 2011. Para marcar esta data, que já provocou uma recente revisitação à obra do teórico, o XI Seminário Internacional da Comunicação, promovido pela PUCRS, destacou temas como as relações do homem com as tecnologias e os efeitos psicológicos das mídias para nortear às discussões dos três dias de evento. Mas se engana que acredita que entender a obra mcluhiana é tarefa fácil. Mesmo tendo se dedicado com afinco a explicar metáforas como ‘o meio é a mensagem’ e ‘aldeia global’, McLuhan nunca chegou a ser completamente entendido. Ou as pessoas não sedavam ao trabalho de entendê-lo, ou, simplesmente, não conseguiam enxergar as mudanças que estavam acontecendo com a mesma clareza que o pesquisador. Numa tentativa não só de entender a obra do ‘profeta da globalização’, mas de ampliar os entendimentos sobre as tecnologias e as extensões do homem, Eric McLuhan, filho do teórico, participou como palestrante do Seminário para falar, entre outros assuntos, da percepção acadêmica quanto a obra de seu pai, além de introduzir novas ideias sobre televisão, globalização e ecologia

  11. Saladusi mäletavad pildid : järelvaade Eric Soovere fotograafilisele dokumentalistikale / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-


    Eric Sooverest ja tema fotoloomingust. Eric Soovere ja Johannes Pääsukese loomingu võrdlus. Katkendeid Eric Soovere raamatust "Käru ja kaameraga : pilte ja päevikulehti põgenemisteelt 1944-1949". Pikemalt emigreerumisest Ameerikasse

  12. MICROsearch--A Project to Extend the ERIC Database to Microcomputers. (United States)

    Clark, W. Bruce

    A project at the ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources has resulted in the extension of the ERIC database to microcomputer. Small subject-related files for current-awareness purposes are downloaded from the ERIC tapes and are made available for searching with Apple II Plus microcomputers. Since the target audience for this system is…

  13. Cost and Usage Study of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) System. A Descriptive Summary. (United States)

    Heinmiller, Joseph L.

    Based on data gathered from a number of complementary sources, this study provides a detailed descriptive analysis of both the direct and indirect costs incurred by the Federal government in operating the ERIC system, and the user population and user demand for ERIC products and services. Data sources included a survey of ERIC's U.S. intermediate…

  14. Cost and Usage Study of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) System. Final Report. (United States)

    McDonald, Dennis D; And Others

    A detailed descriptive analysis of both the direct and indirect costs incurred by the Federal government in operating the ERIC system, and the user population and user demand for ERIC products and services, this study is based on data gathered from a number of complementary sources. These sources included a survey of ERIC's U.S. intermediate…

  15. Fractal dimensions the digital art of Eric Hammel

    CERN Document Server

    Hammel, Eric


    The concept behind fractal geometry is extremely difficult to explain . . . but easy to see and enjoy. Eric Hammel, a professional author of military history books, is unable to explain fractals in a way that will be clear to anyone else, but most mathematicians can't explain fractals in language most people can understand. The simplest explanation is that fractals are graphic representations of high-order mathematical formulas that repeat patterns to infinity.Don't get hung up on the math. It's really all in the seeing. Like Volumes 1, 2, and 3 of Eric Hammel's Fractal Dimensions, Volume 4 is

  16. Fractal dimensions the digital art of Eric Hammel

    CERN Document Server

    Hammel, Eric


    The concept behind fractal geometry is extremely difficult to explain . . . but easy to see and enjoy. Eric Hammel, a professional author of military history books, is unable to explain fractals in a way that will be clear to anyone else, but most mathematicians can't explain fractals in language most people can understand. The simplest explanation is that fractals are graphic representations of high-order mathematical formulas that repeat patterns to infinity.Don't get hung up on the math. It's really all in the seeing. Like Volumes 1 and 2 of Eric Hammel's Fractal Dimensions, Volume 3 is fil

  17. Quality of Researchers' Searches of the ERIC Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Hertzberg


    Full Text Available During the last ten years, end-users of electronic databases have become progressively less dependent on librarians and other intermediaries. This is certainly the case with the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC Database, a resource once accessed by passing a paper query form to a librarian and now increasingly searched directly by end-users. This article empirically examines the search strategies currently being used by researchers and other groups. College professors and educational researchers appear to be doing a better job searching the database than other ERIC patrons. However, the study suggests that most end-users should be using much better search strategies.

  18. Fractal dimensions the digital art of Eric Hammel

    CERN Document Server

    Hammel, Eric


    The concept behind fractal geometry is extremely difficult to explain . . . but easy to see and enjoy. Eric Hammel, a professional author of military history books, is unable to explain fractals in a way that will be clear to anyone else, but most mathematicians can't explain fractals in language most people can understand. The simplest explanation is that fractals are graphic representations of high-order mathematical formulas that repeat patterns to infinity.Don't get hung up on the math. It's really all in the seeing. Like Volume 1 of Eric Hammel's Fractal Dimensions, Volume 2 is filled wit

  19. Recent International Documents and Journal Articles from the ERIC Database. (United States)

    Rothenberg, Dianne


    Summarizes ERIC documents on grandparents, the Situation Approach in Asia, and educating young children in a diverse society. Summarizes nine journal articles on child care, parenting, education, kindergarten and nursery schools, hearing-impaired children, and social policy in China, Australia, and various countries in Europe, Latin America, and…

  20. The Great Depression: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Kulczak, Carrie


    Provides citations with abstracts from the ERIC database focusing on the Great Depression. Includes both background information and teaching materials on such topics as an overview of the New Deal, the arts and the Great Depression, and information on the Civilian Conservation Corps. Offers directions for accessing the materials. (CMK)

  1. National Standards for Civics and Government. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Bahmueller, Charles F.

    This ERIC digest discusses the National Standards for Civics and Government for students from grades K-12. The Standards are organized around five central questions dealing with the following subjects: (1) the nature and necessity of government; (2) the foundations of American constitutionalism; (3) the functioning of American government and the…

  2. Television Violence and Children. ERIC/EECE Report. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard


    Summarizes 12 recent documents and journal articles from the ERIC database that discuss topics related to television violence and children. Articles cited address the effects of television violence on child behavior and attitudes at school and home, and methods of reducing the impact of television on children. (JPB)

  3. Rural Youth Expectations: A Selected Topics Bibliography of ERIC Documents. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.

    One of a series on selected topics, this bibliography of resource materials and research findings is drawn from ERIC documents; the 42 citations on rural youth cover expectations and aspirations about education, occupation, residence, marriage, and procreation (several are historical change studies), and focus on such influences as race, sex,…

  4. Learning from a Sea Snail: Eric Kandel -86 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    level of which result in Parkinson's disease,. Eric Kandel was honoured for his extensive and invaluable contribution to our under- standing of the cellular and molecular mecha- nisms of learning and memory. If learning may be defined as the acquisition of information during the lifetime of an indi- vidual, which may be used ...

  5. The Korean War: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Pinhey, Laura A.


    Provides a list of teaching materials and general background documents about the Korean War from the ERIC database. Offers directions for obtaining the full text of materials about the division of South and North Korea, the geography of Korea, and South Korea's economic development. (CMK)

  6. Kunst elada piiri peal / Eric Kluitenberg ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric


    Võrguteoreetik Eric Kluitenberg Amsterdamist valgustab 'Interstanding 3' 'Ülalpool piire' tagamaad ja seost Eestiga. Üritus toob Eestisse rahvusvahelisi tippteoreetikuid, kes analüüsivad elu piiri peal, ja kunstnikke, kes seda seisundit oma loomingus kajastavad. Osalema kutsutuid. Piiripealsuset seoses poliitika, interneti, meediaga, äärealadest.

  7. Marketing Perspectives for "ERIC-Like" Information Systems (United States)

    Kuehl, Philip G.


    An understanding of marketing'' can provide valuable insignts into the capability of success or failure of ERIC-Like information systems. Three marketing perspectives are examined that contribute to a better understanding of the role such systems can play in satisfying user needs (Author/KE)

  8. The Industrial Revolution: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Pinhey, Laura A.


    Provides a list, from the ERIC database, of teaching materials and background information on the Industrial Revolution. Specific topics include life in Lowell (Massachusetts), the global impact of the Industrial Revolution, and England's Industrial Revolution. Offers directions for obtaining the full text of these materials. (CMK)

  9. The Gilded Age: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Kelly, David


    Provides a list of teaching materials and general background information from the ERIC database on the Gilded Age and directions for obtaining the full text of these materials; topics include, but are not limited to, immigration, the 1896 presidential election, the Populist movement, the Industrial Revolution, urbanization, and the development of…

  10. Administrator Evaluation. The Best of ERIC Series, Number 1. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    This bibliography presents 23 annotated citations of documents and journal articles in the ERIC system dealing with various aspects of administrator evaluation. Materials range from overviews of current administrator evaluation philosophy and practice through manuals and guides for the evaluation of the performance of principals and…

  11. Chen Jingrun, China's famous mathematician: devastated by brain injuries on the doorstep to solving a fundamental mathematical puzzle. (United States)

    Lei, Ting; Belykh, Evgenii; Dru, Alexander B; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Elhadi, Ali M; Nakaji, Peter; Preul, Mark C


    Chen Jingrun (1933-1996), perhaps the most prodigious mathematician of his time, focused on the field of analytical number theory. His work on Waring's problem, Legendre's conjecture, and Goldbach's conjecture led to progress in analytical number theory in the form of "Chen's Theorem," which he published in 1966 and 1973. His early life was ravaged by the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. On the verge of solving Goldbach's conjecture in 1984, Chen was struck by a bicyclist while also bicycling and suffered severe brain trauma. During his hospitalization, he was also found to have Parkinson's disease. Chen suffered another serious brain concussion after a fall only a few months after recovering from the bicycle crash. With significant deficits, he remained hospitalized for several years without making progress while receiving modern Western medical therapies. In 1988 traditional Chinese medicine experts were called in to assist with his treatment. After a year of acupuncture and oxygen therapy, Chen could control his basic bowel and bladder functions, he could walk slowly, and his swallowing and speech improved. When Chen was unable to produce complex work or finish his final work on Goldbach's conjecture, his mathematical pursuits were taken up vigorously by his dedicated students. He was able to publish Youth Math, a mathematics book that became an inspiration in Chinese education. Although he died in 1996 at the age of 63 after surviving brutal political repression, being deprived of neurological function at the very peak of his genius, and having to be supported by his wife, Chen ironically became a symbol of dedication, perseverance, and motivation to his students and associates, to Chinese youth, to a nation, and to mathematicians and scientists worldwide.

  12. Eric Hobsbawm, sociólogo do milenarismo campesino Eric Hobsbawm, sociologist of peasant millenarianism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Löwy


    Full Text Available Graças à problemática do milenarismo, a historiografia de Eric Hobsbawm integra toda a riqueza da subjetividade sociocultural, a profundidade das crenças, sentimentos e emoções em sua análise dos acontecimentos históricos, que não são mais, nessa perspectiva, percebidos simplesmente como produtos do jogo "objetivo" das forças econômicas ou políticas. Ainda distinguindo cuidadosamente os milenarismos primitivos dos revolucionários modernos, não deixa de mostrar sua afinidade eletiva. Isso não quer dizer que todos os movimentos revolucionários sejam milenaristas em sentido estrito ou, pior todavia, que respondam a um quiliasmo de tipo primitivo. Isso não impede afirmar que a afinidade entre os dois seja um fato fundamental na história das revoltas camponesas contra a modernização capitalista. Trata-se de uma das hipóteses de investigação mais interessantes esquematizadas em seus trabalhos desta época. Hobs-bawm ilustra seus propósitos com dois estudos de caso apaixonantes: o anarquismo rural na Andaluzia e as ligas camponesas da Sicília, os dois surgidos em fins do século XIX com prolongamentos no XX.Thanks to the problematic of millenarianism, Eric Hobsbawm's historiography incorporates all the richness of socio-cultural subjectivity - the depth of beliefs, feelings and emotions - into his analysis of historical events, which, from this viewpoint, are no longer perceived simply as products of the "objective" interplay of economic or political forces. Although he makes a careful distinction between primitive millenarianisms and modern revolutionary movements, Hobsbawm nevertheless shows their elective affinity between them. This does not mean that all revolutionary movements are millenarian in the strict sense or - which is even worse - that they are connected to a primitive type of chiliasm. All the same, the affinity between them is a basic fact in the history of peasant revolts against capitalist modernization. This

  13. Antifungal Activity of Isoliquiritin and Its Inhibitory Effect against Peronophythora litchi Chen through a Membrane Damage Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjun Luo


    Full Text Available This study investigated the antifungal activity and potential antifungal mechanism(s of isoliquiritin against P. litchi Chen, one of the main litchi pathogens. The antifungal activity of isoliquiritin against P. litchi Chen had been proven in a dose-dependent manner through in vitro (mycelial growth and sporangia germination and in vivo (detached leaf tests. Results revealed that isoliquiritin exhibited significant antifungal activity against the tested pathogens, especially, P. litchi Chen, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 27.33 mg/L. The morphology of P. litchi Chen was apparently changed by isoliquiritin through cytoplasm leakage and distortion of mycelia. The cell membrane permeability of the P. litchi Chen increased with the increasing concentration of isoliquiritin, as evidenced by a rise in relative electric conductivity and a decrease in reducing sugar contents. These results indicated that the antifungal effects of isoliquiritin could be explained by a membrane lesion mechanism causing damage to the cell membrane integrity leading to the death of mycelial cells. Taken together, isoliquiritin may be used as a natural alternative to commercial fungicides or a lead compound to develop new fungicides for the control of litchi downy blight.

  14. ERIC Documents on Foreign Language Teaching and Linguistics: List Number 14. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 33. (United States)

    Eddy, Peter A.; McLane, Kathleen

    This is the fourteenth in a series of catalogues of ERIC documents of interest to teachers and researchers in foreign languages and linguistics. The list consists of documents processed into the ERIC system from April 1974 through December 1974, and is divided into categories adapted from the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages…

  15. Minimal contact CR submanifolds in S satisfying the δ(2)-Chen equality (United States)

    Munteanu, Marian Ioan; Vrancken, Luc


    In his book on Pseudo-Riemannian geometry, δ-invariants and applications, B.Y. Chen introduced a sequence of curvature invariants. Each of these invariants is used to obtain a lower bound for the length of the mean curvature vector for an immersion in a real space form. A submanifold is called an ideal submanifold, for that curvature invariant, if and only if it realizes equality at every point. The first such introduced invariant is called δ(2). On the other hand, a well known notion for submanifolds of Sasakian space forms, is the notion of a contact CR-submanifold. In this paper we combine both notions and start the study of minimal contact CR-submanifolds which are δ(2) ideal. We relate this to a special class of surfaces and obtain a complete classification in arbitrary dimensions.

  16. Fans of Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold


    Andrew Ryan Rico


    On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in what was then the deadliest school shooting in American history. Despite causing a national panic and serving as a flash point for larger narratives on bullying, gun control, and media violence, both boys have gained active online fans. These fandoms dedicated to the Columbine shooters are widely referred to as dark examples of Internet communities, while t...

  17. Phenotypic characterization and ERIC-PCR based genotyping of Paenibacillus larvae isolates recovered from American foulbrood outbreaks in honey bees from Italy. (United States)

    Bassi, Stefano; Formato, Giovanni; Milito, Marcella; Trevisiol, Karin; Salogni, Cristian; Carra, Elena


    Paenibacillus larvae is the etiological agent of American foulbrood (AFB), a widespread and severe bacterial brood disease of honey bees. The genomic characterization of P. larvae strains by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) is able to differentiate four genotypes (ERIC I, ERIC II, ERIC III, ERIC IV). The information on the presence of P. larvae ERIC genotypes worldwide is few. We have characterized P. larvae strains isolated in Italy from AFB outbreaks to obtain information on ERIC genotypes and phenotypes of the strains circulating in the country. A total of 117 P. larvae isolates from 115 AFB outbreaks occurring in 2008-2012 were subjected to phenotypic and genetic characterization. The genomic characterization allowed the identification of ERIC I and ERIC II genotypes. Examining the data of Northern and Central Italy separately it was noted that in Northern Italy most outbreaks were caused by the ERIC I genotype (78.6%), followed by the ERIC II genotype (18.6%) and by co-infections (ERIC I + ERIC II) (2.6%). In Central Italy, only outbreaks caused by the ERIC I genotype were observed. With regard to phenotypic characteristics all examined strains of ERIC II genotype fermented fructose while no strains of ERIC I genotype possessed this ability. Both P. larvae ERIC I and ERIC II genotypes were isolated from the AFB outbreaks, but ERIC II genotype was isolated only in Northern Italy. The fermentation of fructose seems to be a genotype-specific biochemical marker.

  18. Towards Transformation of Knowledge and Subjectivity in Curriculum Inquiry: Insights from Chen Kuan-Hsing's "Asia as Method" (United States)

    Lin, Angel M. Y.


    Chen's book, "Asia as Method" (Duke University Press, 2010), and his theorization on topics of de-imperialization, de-colonization, de-cold war, as well as on foregrounding epistemologies and frames of reference situated in the diverse contexts in Asia have contributed to empowering scholars and researchers situated not only in Taiwan,…

  19. Control of the Fractional-Order Chen Chaotic System via Fractional-Order Scalar Controller and Its Circuit Implementation


    Qiong Huang; Chunyang Dong; Qianbin Chen


    A fractional-order scalar controller which involves only one state variable is proposed. By this fractional-order scalar controller, the unstable equilibrium points in the fractional-order Chen chaotic system can be asymptotically stable. The present control strategy is theoretically rigorous. Some circuits are designed to realize these control schemes. The outputs of circuit agree with the results of theoretical results.

  20. On the automatic link between affect and tendencies to approach and avoid: Chen and Bargh (1999 revisited.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark eRotteveel


    Full Text Available Within the literature on emotion and behavioral action, studies on approach-avoidance take up a prominent place. Several experimental paradigms feature successful conceptual replications but many original studies have not yet been replicated directly. We present such a direct replication attempt of two seminal experiments originally conducted by Chen and Bargh (1999. In their first experiment, participants affectively evaluated attitude objects by pulling or pushing a lever. Participants who had to pull the lever with positively valenced attitude objects and push the lever with negatively valenced attitude objects (i.e., congruent instruction did so faster than participants who had to follow the reverse (i.e., incongruent instruction. In Chen and Bargh's second experiment, the explicit evaluative instructions were absent and participants merely responded to the attitude objects by either always pushing or always pulling the lever. Similar results were obtained as in Experiment 1. Based on these findings, Chen and Bargh concluded that (1 attitude objects are evaluated automatically; and (2 attitude objects automatically trigger a behavioral tendency to approach or avoid. We attempted to replicate both experiments and failed to find the effects reported by Chen and Bargh as indicated by our pre-registered Bayesian data analyses; nevertheless, the evidence in favor of the null hypotheses was only anecdotal, and definitive conclusions await further study.

  1. The impact of systematic landscape conservation planning on ecosystem: Chen Youlan river watershed (United States)

    Chen, Chi-ju


    Heraclitus said that "no man ever steps in the same river twice." Everything continues to change. Land use change will keep redefine itself and subject the Earth and humankind to collateral changes. Humankind benefits from ecosystem in many ways. The ecosystem provides people with nutrients, enriches soil with sediment, and sustains all living organisms with water; these benefits are known as ecosystem services. In Taiwan, land use change has impacted ecosystem and biodiversity on various levels. Thus, we took six land use scenarios from 1999 to 2005 in Chen Youlan river watershed as our case study, intending to observe the course of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and the cause of it. Systematic Landscape conservation planning (SLCP) framework can be adopted when designing land use policy to safeguard human interests and ecosystem. This study use SLCP to develop ecosystem services and biodiversity protection strategies. Several strategies were designed by using 1999 to 2005 data as provision to protect the intactness of future ecosystem services and biodiversity. This research explores the potential and possible impacts of different land use protection strategies in the future. It is possible to identify the conservation priority of a certain region by using the Zonation meta-algorithm. This study selects the zonation critical protection area (Joint set of Yushan National Park) as strategy A, B and C. Strategy D takes Yushan National Park as a protected area; unstable hot spots in 1999/03 (Joint set of Yushan National Park) are selected as strategy E. Next, we used Kappa statistical method to find the minimal ecosystem services change and biodiversity hotspots change of the five aforementioned strategies and compared with those from 1999/03. By the Kappa statistical method, we further prioritized the important conservation areas by strategy A, B, C, E in the future. The results can not only serve as management reference for government agencies, but also develop

  2. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Deng [Nankai University, Theoretical Physics Division, Chern Institute of Mathematics, Tianjin (China); Meng, Xin-He [Nankai University, Department of Physics, Tianjin (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, State key Lab of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China)


    In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen background fluid are obtained. We have considered the important case of the model parameter ψ ∼ 1, which corresponds to the ''saturation effect'', and this regime corresponds to an effective form of ''asymptotic freedom'' for the fluids, but occurring at cosmological rather than subnuclear scales. Then we investigate the allowed range for the values of the model parameters g and ω when the spacetime metrics describe wormholes and discuss the possible singularities of the solutions, finding that the obtained spacetimes are geodesically complete. Furthermore, we construct two traversable wormholes through matching our obtained interior solutions to the exterior Schwarzschild solutions and analyze the traversabilities of the wormholes. Finally, we consider the case of anisotropic pressure and discover that the transverse pressure also crosses the phantom divide -1 with the growth of the wormhole dimension, and it tends to be the same as the radial pressure with the growth of the wormhole radius. (orig.)

  3. Psychometric properties of the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) in Chinese adolescents. (United States)

    Mak, Kwok-Kei; Lai, Ching-Man; Ko, Chih-Hung; Chou, Chien; Kim, Dong-Il; Watanabe, Hiroko; Ho, Roger C M


    The Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) was developed to assess Internet addiction in Chinese populations, but its psychometric properties in adolescents have not been examined. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of CIAS-R in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. 860 Grade 7 to 13 students (38 % boys) completed the CIAS-R, the Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in a survey. The prevalence of Internet addiction as assessed by CIAS-R was 18 %. High internal consistency and inter-item correlations were reported for the CIAS-R. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor structure of Compulsive Use and Withdrawal, Tolerance, Interpersonal and Health-related Problems, and Time Management Problems. Moreover, results of hierarchical multiple regression supported the incremental validity of the CIAS-R to predict mental health outcomes beyond the effects of demographic differences and self-reported time spent online. The CIAS is a reliable and valid measure of internet addiction problems in Hong Kong adolescents. Future study is warranted to validate the cutoffs of the CIAS-R for identification of adolescents with Internet use problems who may have mental health needs.

  4. La Base de Donnees ERIC: Evaluation de Son Utilisation et Discussion des Choix du Systeme (The ERIC Database: An Evaluation of Its Use and a Discussion of the System Model). (United States)

    Malrieu, Denise


    This overview of the ERIC system begins with a brief history of the system; a description of the types and numbers of materials contained in the database; sources of types of information for educators that are not processed by ERIC; and the various publications and reference materials produced by and for the system. The analysis of ERIC usage in…

  5. Eric Bach : ilustrador de Luis de Góngora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Antigüedad del Castillo Olivares


    Full Text Available El pintor holandés Eric Bach [Eríurt (Alemania 1911] ha mostrado durante el año 1991 sus obras como ilustrador en sendas exposiciones celebradas en Córdoba y Madrid. El artista que reside indistintamente en Munich y Barcelona, expuso las ilustraciones que ha realizado para la edición en alemán de Los veinticuatro sonetos amorosos, heroicos y fúnebres de don Luis de Góngora, edición hecha por encargo del Sr. Rüdiger Kampmann de Munich.

  6. Politics in the Western Maya Region (I: Ajawil/Ajawlel and Ch'e'n

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péter Bíró


    Full Text Available In a series of articles I reflect on the use of various expressions which are connected to what we call the political in the inscriptions of the Classic Maya Western Region. These words express concepts which help to understand the intricate details of the interactions between the political entities and their internal organisations in the Classic Maya Lowlands. Words such as 7ajawil, 7ajawlel, the kennings built on the base of ch'e7n (cave, pond, the emblem glyphs and titles will be examined in light of what they tell us about the functioning of the political organisation of the Classic Period in a constrained region.En una serie de artículos como éste investigo el uso de varias palabras en las inscripciones mayas de la época Clásica de la Región Occidental vinculadas con lo que nosotros llamamos "política". Estas palabras expresan conceptos que ayudan a entender los matices de las relaciones entre las entidades políticas de las Tierras Bajas Mayas y su organización interna. Términos como ajaw'ü I ajawlel, los difrasismos con base ch'e'n (cueva, pozo, los glifos emblemas y los títulos serán examinados tomando en cuenta la información que nos proporcionan sobre el funcionamiento de la organización política de la época Clásica en una región restringida.

  7. Writing Beyond the Wall: Translation, Cross-cultural Exchange, and Chen Ran's 'A Private Life'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kay Schaffer


    Full Text Available The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented rise in the global flow of knowledge, nowhere more apparent in the exchange of ideas between China and modern western democracies. Our interest concerns one aspect of this global flow— the translation of Chinese women’s autobiographical writing into English. Taking Chen Ran’s A Private Life (English edition, 2004 as a point of departure, the paper explores issues of translingual practice and cross-cultural exchange. It considers what escapes or is lost in translation as well as the additive potential of the host text. It is sometimes the case that the translation can deliberately make certain ambiguities visible—whether from pragmatic, market-driven motivations or from more complex political, historical and cultural considerations. These negotiations of meaning that occur in the translation process can reverberate on the critical reception of texts in both the ‘guest’ and ‘host’ languages (Liu 1995, with open-ended, incomplete and indeterminate effects. The paper examines the effects of the omission of a brief parenthetical section of three paragraphs from one chapter of the Chinese edition of A Private Life. Yet, even that small emendation changes the original text as a cultural object and alters potential modes of its reception. In this case, the translation results in a loss of ambiguity, irony, philosophic and rhetorical sophistication while also offering additive potentials that enhance the generation of new meanings in the translingual exchange, here with reference Tiananmen and contemporary feminism in China. The translation process provides new channels for readers, writers and theorists to dialogue and communicate across gaps of difference, despite inhibiting factors like the imposition of local restraints, the universalising pressures of western modernity, and asymmetrical relations of power between guest and host language contexts.

  8. Aktivitätsmessung auf nukleinsäuremodifizierten Oberflächen (United States)

    Schmidt, Peter Michael


    Im Bereich der medizinischen Diagnostik spielen DNA-Chips eine immer wichtigere Rolle. Dabei werden Glas- oder Silikon-Oberflächen mit Tausenden von einzelsträngigen DNA-Fragmenten, sog. Sonden, bestückt, die mit den passenden DNA-Fragmenten in der zugefügten Patientenprobe verschmelzen. Die Auswertung solcher Messungen liefert die Diagnose für Krankheiten wie z.B. Krebs, Alzheimer oder für den Nachweis pathogener Erreger. Durch fortschreitende Miniaturisierung dieser Meßsysteme können bis zu 40.000 Genfragmente des Menschen in einer einzigen Messung analysiert werden. Neben den DNA-Fragmenten können Bio-Chips auch für andere biologische Komponenten wie Antikörper und Proteine eingesetzt werden, wobei bei letzteren neben der Bindung auch die Aktivität ein wichtiger Diagnoseparamter ist. Am Fraunhofer-Institut für medizinische Technik und am Lehrstuhl für Analytische Biochemie der Universität Potsdam wurden im Rahmen einer Doktorarbeit Methoden entwickelt, die es ermöglichen auf nukleinsäuremodifizierten Sensoroberflächen die Aktivität von Proteinen zu messen. Es wurden Nukleinsäuren auf Oberflächen optischer Sensoren verankert. Diese fungierten als Rezeptor für die Proteine sowie auch als Substrat für Restriktionsenzyme, die Nukleinsäuren schneiden und Polymerasen, die Nukleinsäuren synthetisieren und verlängern können. Seine Anwendung fand diese Messmethode in der Messung der Aktivität des Proteins Telomerase, das in 90% aller Tumore erhöhte Aktivität gegenüber gesunden Zellen aufweist. Die Vorteile dieses neuen Assays gegenüber älteren Methoden liegt im Verzicht auf radioaktiv-markierten Komponenten und einer deutlich verkürzten Analysezeit. Die Arbeit schliesst mit einem funktionsfähigen Nachweis der Telomeraseaktivität im Zellextrakt von gesunden und kranken Zellen. Der direkte Einfluß von Hemmstoffen auf die Aktivität konnte sichtbar gemacht werden, und steht daher bei der Entwicklung neuer Tumor-Diagnostika und

  9. Eric Hobsbawm y su lectura marxista de la historia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilatowsky, Mauricio


    Full Text Available This paper presents a brief survey of the contributions made by the historian Eric Hobsbawm to the field of History and his Marxist stance, both in his academic work and political practice. According to the author, the circumstances in which the researchers live are determinant to their study; hence this analysis includes a review of his biography. This perspective discusses his interpretation of Marx and Marxism, his understanding of History, his militancy in the Communist Party, his Jewish identity, and how he addresses nationalism in relation to the study of capitalism.En este ensayo se presenta un breve estudio de las aportaciones del historiador Eric Hobsbawm en el campo de la historia y de sus posturas marxistas; tanto en su trabajo académico como en su práctica política. El análisis incluye una revisión de su biografía ya que según el autor los investigadores y su manera de investigar responden a las circunstancias que les toca vivir. Desde esta perspectiva se aborda su interpretación de Marx y del marxismo, su forma de entender la historia, su militancia en el Partido Comunista, su identidad judía y el tratamiento del nacionalismo en su relación con el estudio del capitalismo.

  10. Control of the Fractional-Order Chen Chaotic System via Fractional-Order Scalar Controller and Its Circuit Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiong Huang


    Full Text Available A fractional-order scalar controller which involves only one state variable is proposed. By this fractional-order scalar controller, the unstable equilibrium points in the fractional-order Chen chaotic system can be asymptotically stable. The present control strategy is theoretically rigorous. Some circuits are designed to realize these control schemes. The outputs of circuit agree with the results of theoretical results.

  11. [Academic thoughts on Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China]. (United States)

    Huang, Weiping; Li, Naiqi


    Through the collection of Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China, the academic characteristics on acupuncture and moxibusiton were analyzed. The literature comparison method was adopted to compare the works of LUO Zhaoju, ZENG Tianzhi and LI Wenxian, etc. at the same period. It was discovered that CHEN Jingwen was the medical master who systematicly brought up the theory of acupoint properties earlier in the modern times. Classifying drugs based on acupoints was his academic feature. Additionally, the compatibility therapy of Chinese medicine was introduced to explain the essential ideas on the acupoints combination. The treatment was determined on the basis of zangxiang theory and the reinforcing and reducing therapy of acupuncture was emphasized in the determination of treatment and prescription. CHEN Jingwen's theory of acupoint property had been stressed and spread among the medical scholars in the Republic of China and he had made the beneficial exploration for the development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.

  12. Cryptanalysis and improvement of Chen-Hsiang- Shih’s remote user authentication scheme using smart cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Martínez-Peláez


    Full Text Available Recientemente, Chen-Hsiang-Shih propusieron un nuevo esquema de autenticación de usuario remoto basado en un identificador dinámico. Los autores afirman que su esquema es más seguro que los trabajos previos. Sin embargo, se demuestra que su esquema continúa siendo inseguro contra diferentes tipos de ataques. Con el fin de mejorar la seguridad del esquema propuesto por Chen-Hsiang-Shih, se propone un esquema que consigue los siguientes objetivos de seguridad: el esquema no requiere de una tabla de verificación, cada usuario elige y cambia su contraseña libremente, cada usuario mantiene su contraseña en secreto, el esquema requiere autenticación mutua, el esquema establece una clave de sesión después de una autenticación correcta, y el esquema mantiene el anonimato del usuario. El análisis de seguridad y la comparación demuestran que nuestro esquema es más seguro que el esquema propuesto por Das-Saxena-Gulati, Wang-Liu-Xiao-Dan, y Chen-Hsiang-Shih.

  13. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Policies in European Research Infrastructure Consortia - PART I: The Case of the European Spallation Source ERIC"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Helen; Wested, Jakob; Minssen, Timo


    of the problems society is facing today. To facilitate the creation and operation of such RIs, the EU adopted legal frameworks for European Research Infrastructure Consortia (ERIC). On August 31, 2015, the European Spallation Source (ESS) was established as an ERIC. Under the ERIC Regulations and ESS Statutes......, the European Spallation Source ERIC is required to adopt various policy documents relating to the operation and management of the facility. These cover a wide variety of issues such as user access, public procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), data management, and dissemination. One of the main goals...... international research collaborations? The complex relationship between scientific excellence, innovation, and IPRs must be carefully considered. Taking the European Spallation Source ERIC as an example, this article investigates ERIC Regulations and EU policies and discusses what issues and perspectives ERICs...

  14. Isabelle Alfandary. E.E. Cummings. Eric Athenot. Walt Whitman.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Suberchicot


    Full Text Available On doit louer Marc Chénetier pour avoir suscité l’écriture de ces deux volumes consacrés à Cummings et à Whitman, et encouragé ainsi les chercheurs à consacrer leurs travaux à la poésie américaine. Isabelle Alfandary et Eric Athenot s’acquittent avec passion et finesse de la tâche qui leur a été confiée de présenter une synthèse dans un espace relativement restreint. Dans les deux cas, nous sommes devant des ensembles littéraires ambitieux, quoique très différents, et nés d’époques qui ne se ...

  15. Biofunktionalisierung von Implantatoberflächen mit einem synthetisch hergestellten Peptid (P15) bei diabetischen Versuchstieren gegenüber gesunden Versuchstieren


    abu-Nasir, Mohammed


    1. Zusammenfassung 1.1 Hintergrund und Ziele Die zunehmende Prävalenz von Diabetes mellitus in Deutschland rückt dieses Patientenklientel näher in den Fokus der Implantologie . In dieser Studie wurde der Einfluss von sandgestrahlten und geätzten Implantatoberflächen mit einer Peptidsequenz (P15) beschichteten Oberflächen auf die Implantateinheilung bei diabetischen Versuchstieren gegenüber gesunden Versuchstieren untersucht. 1.2 Material und Methoden Insgesamt wurden...

  16. The spatial and temporal expression of Ch-en, the engrailed gene in the polychaete Chaetopterus, does not support a role in body axis segmentation (United States)

    Seaver, E. C.; Paulson, D. A.; Irvine, S. Q.; Martindale, M. Q.


    We are interested in understanding whether the annelids and arthropods shared a common segmented ancestor and have approached this question by characterizing the expression pattern of the segment polarity gene engrailed (en) in a basal annelid, the polychaete Chaetopterus. We have isolated an en gene, Ch-en, from a Chaetopterus cDNA library. Genomic Southern blotting suggests that this is the only en class gene in this animal. The predicted protein sequence of the 1.2-kb cDNA clone contains all five domains characteristic of en proteins in other taxa, including the en class homeobox. Whole-mount in situ hybridization reveals that Ch-en is expressed throughout larval life in a complex spatial and temporal pattern. The Ch-en transcript is initially detected in a small number of neurons associated with the apical organ and in the posterior portion of the prototrochophore. At later stages, Ch-en is expressed in distinct patterns in the three segmented body regions (A, B, and C) of Chaetopterus. In all segments, Ch-en is expressed in a small set of segmentally iterated cells in the CNS. In the A region, Ch-en is also expressed in a small group of mesodermal cells at the base of the chaetal sacs. In the B region, Ch-en is initially expressed broadly in the mesoderm that then resolves into one band/segment coincident with morphological segmentation. The mesodermal expression in the B region is located in the anterior region of each segment, as defined by the position of ganglia in the ventral nerve cord, and is involved in the morphogenesis of segment-specific feeding structures late in larval life. We observe banded mesodermal and ectodermal staining in an anterior-posterior sequence in the C region. We do not observe a segment polarity pattern of expression of Ch-en in the ectoderm, as is observed in arthropods. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

  17. Photographer: Dominic Hart/Eric James Congressman Norm Mineta and Congresswomen Anna Escho Visit Bay (United States)


    Photographer: Dominic Hart/Eric James Congressman Norm Mineta and Congresswomen Anna Escho Visit Bay Area & Monte Vista High School, Cupertino, California to promote communications superhighway along with VP Al Gore

  18. Physics and medicine: at Erice the new perspectives of an ancient cooperation

    CERN Multimedia


    From April the 15th to the 17th, at Ettore Majorana Foundation in Erice, in the context of the International School on Physics and Industry, there will be a congress entitled "Particle accelerators and detectors: from physics to medicine".

  19. Traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen: A review. (United States)

    Wang, Ting; Guo, Rixin; Zhou, Guohong; Zhou, Xidan; Kou, Zhenzhen; Sui, Feng; Li, Chun; Tang, Liying; Wang, Zhuju


    Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine known as Sanqi or Tianqi in China. This plant, which is distributed primarily in the southwest of China, has wide-ranging pharmacological effects and can be used to treat cardiovascular diseases, pain, inflammation and trauma as well as internal and external bleeding due to injury. This paper provides up-to-date information on investigations of this plant, including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. The possible uses and perspectives for future investigation of this plant are also discussed. The relevant information on Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen was collected from numerous resources, including classic books about Chinese herbal medicine, and scientific databases, including Pubmed, SciFinder, ACS, Ebsco, Elsevier, Taylor, Wiley and CNKI. More than 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, including saponins, flavonoids and cyclopeptides. The plant has pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system, immune system as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, haemostatic and anti-tumour activities, etc. Panax notoginseng is a valuable traditional Chinese medical herb with multiple pharmacological effects. This review summarizes the botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of P. notoginseng, and presents the constituents and their corresponding chemical structures found in P. notoginseng comprehensively for the first time. Future research into its phytochemistry of bio-active components should be performed by using bioactivity-guided isolation strategies. Further work on elucidation of the structure-function relationship among saponins, understanding of multi-target network pharmacology of P. notoginseng, as well as developing its new clinical usage and comprehensive utilize will enhance the therapeutic potentials of P. notoginseng. Copyright © 2016

  20. Pauropods (Myriapoda: Pauropoda) from Eastern China, descriptions of three new species and revision of Pauropus bifurcus Zhang & Chen, 1988. (United States)

    Qian, Changyuan; Dong, Yan; Guo, Hua; Chu, Kelin; Sun, Hongying


    Pauropods from Zhejiang and Jiangsu in eastern China were collected from the field. Among 23 specimens, four species assigned to two genera are identified. Three of these species are new and from the genus Decapauropus Remy, 1931: Decapauropus bifurcodicoccus Qian & Dong sp. nov., D. duomamillatus Qian & Dong sp. nov. and D. bidrepanoides Qian sp. nov. The status of Pauropus bifurcus Zhang & Chen, 1988 is reexamined and reallocated to the genus Stylopauropus Cook, 1896. A key to Decapauropus species of eastern China (including Jiangsu, Anhui and Zhejiang province) is provided.

  1. Equity Valuation and Accounting Numbers: Applying Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models to Brazilian Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Caio Galdi


    Full Text Available This paper investigates how accounting variables explain cross-sectional stocks returns in Brazilian capital markets. The analysis is based on Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models. These models predict that stock returns are a function of net income, change in profitability, invested capital, changes in opportunity growths and discount rate. Generally, the empirical results for the Brazilian capital market are consistent with the theoretical relations that models describe, similarly to the results found in the US. Using different empirical tests (pooled regressions, Fama-Macbeth and panel data the results and coefficients remain similar, what support the robustness of our findings.

  2. Feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in junior secondary school students. (United States)

    Lee, Linda Y K; Chong, Yeuk Lan; Li, Ngai Yin; Li, Man Chung; Lin, Lai Na; Wong, Lee Yi; Wong, Brian Kit; Yip, Wing Ping; Hon, Cho Hang; Chung, Pui Kuen; Man, Shuk Yee


    Stress is common in junior secondary school students (JSSS). This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in JSSS. A non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 69 JSSS was recruited. The experimental group (n = 32) joined a Chen-style Tai Chi programme, which included 10 sessions of 80-minute Tai Chi training (one session per week). The control group (n = 37) proceeded with self-study. Participants' stress levels were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale. Feasibility was determined as the percentage of participants completing and attending the programme. Effectiveness was measured as the significant difference in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. Results preliminarily supported that the programme was feasible for JSSS. Completion rate was 100%, and attendance rate was 90%. However, no significant difference was noted in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. The potential health benefits of Tai Chi could not be detected owing to the restrictions imposed by the research setting and study limitations. The present study represents initial efforts in this direction and serves as reference for future study. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. A Selected ERIC Bibliography on Teaching English as a Second Language to the Illiterate. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 25. (United States)

    Joseph, Grace, Comp.; And Others

    This annotated bibliography consists of materials in the ERIC system that deal with teaching English as a second language to persons who are illiterate, or functionally illiterate, in their native language. The items in the bibliography were obtained by means of a computer search of "Currnt Index to Journals in Education" and "Resources in…

  4. Fans of Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Ryan Rico


    Full Text Available On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold murdered 12 students and one teacher at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in what was then the deadliest school shooting in American history. Despite causing a national panic and serving as a flash point for larger narratives on bullying, gun control, and media violence, both boys have gained active online fans. These fandoms dedicated to the Columbine shooters are widely referred to as dark examples of Internet communities, while the fans are also frequently denigrated as unstable and violent outcasts. Such dark online fandoms are yet to permeate mainstream culture or to challenge the preexisting perception of these communities as breeding grounds for the next wave of school shooters. While studies have covered the types of fans and their myriad interests, the field remains focused on more conventional examples of fan communities. In an effort to challenge and expand the object of focus when we study fandom, this qualitative study examines Columbine fans and their activity in order to understand the dominant motives they appear to have for engaging with and around such controversial figures and then concludes by exploring how this community might help us reflect more broadly on our concept of fandom. Redeeming these fans as part of diverse and complex communities of social relevance can demonstrate how even a dark fandom such as that of these Columbine shooters provides valuable cultural insights and benefits the field of fan studies.

  5. Eric Hermelin and mystical hermeneutics: interpretation beyond itself

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Hamrin


    Full Text Available Eric Hermelin (1860-1944 translated more than 10.000 pages Persian Sufi poetry, German texts by Jakob Böhme and Latin texts by Emmanuel Swedenborg. In the translation process Hermelin shaped his strategies and perceptions in ways which served their patterns of desire, and what they constructed reflected and served their own unique identity. Added up, the devices which constitute strategies of reading set in motion by the selfs defense of its identity are: Defenses, Expectations, Fantasies, and Transformations. Hermelin's mystical hermeneutics produced not only understanding of texts, but often no less produced an increased awareness, with appropriate hermeneutical sensitivity, of self-perception and self-identity. A self-awareness and a strengthening of an individual and corporate identity as one who has a stake in the texts and that to which they bear witness constitutes an important reader-effect in this case of Sufi poetry. But without any principle of suspicion, in Gadamer's terminology a premature fusion of horizons will take place before Hermelin has listened in openness with respect for the tension between the horizons of the text and the horizon of Hermelin. The textual horizon has col-lapsed into that of Hermelin's narrative biography, and is unable to do more than to speak back his own valnes and desires. Something socio-pragmatical was after all woven into the controversial bon vivant, when he used literary works to replicate himself. At the same time, the texts spoke from beyond the self.

  6. Three new anti-HBV active constituents from the traditional Chinese herb of Yin-Chen (Artemisia scoparia). (United States)

    Geng, Chang-An; Huang, Xiao-Yan; Chen, Xing-Long; Ma, Yun-Bao; Rong, Guang-Qing; Zhao, Yong; Zhang, Xue-Mei; Chen, Ji-Jun


    Yin-Chen is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China for the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis. Two species, namely Artemisia scoparia and Artemisia capillaris, are documented in Chinese Pharmacopoeia as the authentic resources for Yin-Chen. Previous investigation has proved that chlorogenic acid analogs and phenolic acids are two main types of the anti-HBV active constituents of A. capillaris. However, there is no investigation concerned with the anti-HBV components of A. scoparia. The aim of the present study is to recognize the new anti-HBV constituents of A. scoparia by detailed LCMS analyses. LCMS and bioassay-guided fractionation on the active part of A. scoparia led to the isolation of three new compounds. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analyses. Anti-HBV assay involving inhibition on HBsAg and HBeAg secretions and HBV DNA replication were performed in virto on HepG 2.2.15 cell line. The 90% ethanol extract of A. scoparia was revealed with anti-HBV activity for the first time, which was further separated into several fractions by column chromatography. Fr. D-4 was revealed with the highest anti-HBV activity, from which three new compounds including one unusual 4-pyridone glucoside (1) and two polyacetylene glucosides (2-3) were isolated under the guidance of LCMS analyses. Compounds 1-3 exhibited activity against the secretions of HBsAg and HBeAg, and HBV DNA replication. In particular, compounds 2 and 3 inhibited HBV DNA replication with IC50 values of 0.07 ± 0.04 and 0.012 ± 0.05 mM, with SI values of 23.6 and 17.1, respectively. Based on the MS/MS experiment, the fragmentation pathways of 1 in both positive and negative modes, and 2 and 3 in negative mode were proposed. The ion pairs of 388-208 (positive) and 432-206 (negative) for 1, 503-341 (negative) for 2, and 503-203 (negative) for 3, could be recognized as their respective diagnostic ions. The first time investigation on the anti-HBV constituents of A

  7. Development of the Fray-Farthing-Chen Cambridge Process: Towards the Sustainable Production of Titanium and Its Alloys (United States)

    Hu, Di; Dolganov, Aleksei; Ma, Mingchan; Bhattacharya, Biyash; Bishop, Matthew T.; Chen, George Z.


    The Kroll process has been employed for titanium extraction since the 1950s. It is a labour and energy intensive multi-step semi-batch process. The post-extraction processes for making the raw titanium into alloys and products are also excessive, including multiple remelting steps. Invented in the late 1990s, the Fray-Farthing-Chen (FFC) Cambridge process extracts titanium from solid oxides at lower energy consumption via electrochemical reduction in molten salts. Its ability to produce alloys and powders, while retaining the cathode shape also promises energy and material efficient manufacturing. Focusing on titanium and its alloys, this article reviews the recent development of the FFC-Cambridge process in two aspects, (1) resource and process sustainability and (2) advanced post-extraction processing.

  8. Landscape change and its effects on the wintering range of a lesser snow goose Chen caerulescens caerulescens population: A review (United States)

    Robertson, Donna G.; Slack, R. Douglas


    The Texas coast has experienced considerable urban, industrial, and agricultural growth during the 20th Century. The region provides important wintering habitat to many avian species, including lesser snow geese Chen caerulescens caerulescens. This paper draws the biological and ecological fields into an historical perspective by examining available literature on the development of the upper Texas coast and range changes of lesser snow geese. Historically, lesser snow geese wintered in the coastal marshes, but expanded their range into the adjacent prairies in the mid-1900s. Winter range expansion was negatively affected by urban and industrial encroachment in the coastal marshes and positively influenced by agricultural development in the prairies, which increased dramatically during World War II. The lesser snow goose population flourished alongside some human-induced landscape alterations. However, projected declines in agriculture and increased urbanization of prairie and coastal marsh habitats may result in significant negative effects on the lesser snow goose population.

  9. Meeting Ontario's Need for Educational Information: An Evaluation of the SDC/ERIC On-Line Bibliographic Search Service. (United States)

    Auster, Ethel; Lawton, Stephen B.

    Using an opportunity to test the latest developments of computerized retrieval of Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) data, various aspects of the ERIC system that had previously gone unexamined were explored. The test of the system, which involved the use of an on-line computer terminal, is documented. Investigators were concerned…

  10. Professor Eric Can't See: A Project-Based Learning Case for Neurobiology Students. (United States)

    Ogilvie, Judith Mosinger; Ribbens, Eric


    "Professor Eric Can't See" is a semi-biographical case study written for an upper level undergraduate Neurobiology of Disease course. The case is integrated into a unit using a project-based learning approach to investigate the retinal degenerative disorder Retinitis pigmentosa and the visual system. Some case study scenes provide specific questions for student discussion and problem-based learning, while others provide background for student inquiry and related active learning exercises. The case was adapted from "'Chemical Eric' Can't See," and could be adapted for courses in general neuroscience or sensory neuroscience.

  11. Saladusi mäletavad pildid : järelvaade Eric Soovere fotograafilisele dokumentalistikale / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-


    Ameerikas elanud eesti fotograafi Eric Soovere (sünd. Erich Soeson, 1916-2008) eluloolisi andmeid. Tema loomingust, mis jaguneb kolme perioodi: etnograafiline fotokooslus Lõuna-Eesti külaelanikest (1930ndate lõpp), Sooverede perekonna põgenemisteekond Eestist USA-sse (ca 1944-1949), perekonna elu Cincinnatis USA-s (1950ndad). Fotod eestlaste põgenemisteekonnast on avaldatud raamatus Eric Soovere. Käru ja kaameraga : pilte ja päevikulehti põgenemisteelt 1944-1949. Tallinn : Olion, 1999

  12. EMSO ERIC - Ocean Consortium Facility for Europe and the World (United States)

    Best, Mairi


    EMSO is forging ahead through the next challenge in Earth-Ocean Science: How to co-ordinate ocean data acquisition, analysis and response across provincial, national, regional, and global scales. EMSO provides power, communications, sensors, and data infrastructure for continuous, high resolution, real-time, interactive ocean observations across a truly multi- and interdisciplinary range of research areas including biology, geology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science; from polar to tropical environments, through the water column down to the abyss. 11 deep sea and 4 shallow nodes span from Arctic through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to the Black Sea. The EMSO Preparatory Phase (FP7) project led to the Interim phase (involving 13 countries) of forming the legal entity: the EMSO European Research Infrastructure Consortium (EMSO-ERIC)-officially created by the EC in 2016. The open user community, originally developed through ESONET (European Seafloor Observatory NETwork), follows on scientific community planning contributions of the ESONET-NoE (FP6) project. Further progress made through the FixO3 project (FP7) also contributes to this shared infrastructure. Coordination among nodes is being strengthened through the EMSOdev project (H2020) which is producing the EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM) - standardised observations of temperature, pressure, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, chlorophyll fluorescence, currents, passive acoustics, pH, pCO2, and nutrients. Early installations are now being upgraded; in October 2015 EMSO-France deployed a second cable and junction box serving the Ligurian Sea Node in order to monitor slope stability offshore Nice; in 2016 the EMSO Azores Node receives a major upgrade that will double its observing capacity; for EMSO-Italia the Capo Passero site is being installed and the Catania site is being upgraded. EMSOLINK will continue the expansion work. EMSO is a key player in international coordination

  13. Automating the School Library Media Center. A Select ERIC Bibliography. Mini-Bib. (United States)

    Preston, Nancy R., Comp.

    This 13-item annotated bibliography was compiled through a search of the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database using the following descriptors: Library Automation, Bibliographic Databases, Bibliographic Utilities, Online Catalogs, Machine Readable Cataloging, and Integrated Library Systems. Among the issues addressed are the…

  14. Reflecting on Attention-Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder and Disablement in Education with Eric Fromm (United States)

    Veck, Wayne


    Drawing upon the thought of Eric Fromm, this paper argues that efforts to understand and counter behaviour that causes difficulties in education should begin in a critical and reflective engagement with both the conditions of human freedom and the character of educational institutions and society as a whole. Fromm's critique of dominating ideas…

  15. Human Relations in the Schools, Sensitivity Training, and Self-Image Enhancement: Abstracts of ERIC Documents. (United States)

    Harvey, Robert, Comp.; Denby, Robert V., Comp.

    This bibliography is comprised of abstracts of 115 ERIC documents (reports, books, articles, and speeches) on human relations activities for the schools, including sensitivity training and self-image enhancement activities. Six sections cover (1) background material on human relations, (2) general material on the need for intergroup activities,…

  16. Bibliometric Characteristics of Articles on Key Competences Indexed in ERIC from 1990 to 2013 (United States)

    Buscà Donet, Francesc; Ambròs Pallares, Alba; Burset Burillo, Sílvia


    This paper analyses the bibliometric characteristics of 616 journal articles on key competences indexed in ERIC in a 23-year-period following documentary analysis. This observation method allowed us to highlight key elements like the population, educational level, topics, etc. to focus whether this literature contributes towards implementing…

  17. Teaching about World War II: An ERIC/ChESS Sample. (United States)

    Schlene, Vickie L.


    Presents nine documents from the ERIC database dealing with teaching about World War II. Includes articles addressing the lessons of Pearl Harbor, the Holocaust, the wartime internment of Japanese Americans, industry's response to the war, and the moral lessons of Nazism. (SG)

  18. 77 FR 33267 - Eric Temple-Control Exemption-Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Eric Temple--Control Exemption--Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC... verified notice of exemption to acquire direct control of Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (PVJR...

  19. 77 FR 10618 - Eric Temple-Control Exemption-Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (United States)


    ... Surface Transportation Board Eric Temple--Control Exemption--Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC... direct control of Portland Vancouver Junction Railroad, LLC (PVJR), a wholly owned subsidiary of Columbia..., Columbia Basin R.R., Cent. Wash. R.R. and Portland Vancouver Junction R.R.--Corporate Family Transaction...

  20. Teaching and Learning in the Multigrade Classroom: Student Performance and Instructional Routines. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Miller, Bruce

    This ERIC digest reviews the history of the multigrade classroom, and summarizes research findings on multigrading effects on achievement and attitude. It also states requirements of teaching and learning in multigrade classrooms. Multigrade classrooms have ranged from the one-room schools of the early 1900s to the ungraded classroom of the 1960s…

  1. Reading Recovery Research, 1986-1992: Citations and Abstracts from the ERIC Database. (United States)

    Denner, Michael, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography of material from the ERIC database presents 48 annotations on the topic of research on Reading Recovery. The bibliography begins with: (1) a 2-page Education Research Consumer Guide entitled "Reading Recovery" (which defines the topic and answers some pertinent questions about it; and (2) a sample ERIC…

  2. Japanese-English Educational-Use Keyword Equivalents Selected from ERIC Descriptors--9th Edition. (United States)

    Aichi Univ. of Education, Japan. Center for Educational Technology.

    This book lists 4,876 descriptors selected from the Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 9th Edition, with their Japanese language equivalents. It was prepared by personnel of the Center for Educational Technology at Aichi University of Education, which, since 1978, in cooperation with Unesco's Asian Programme of Educational Innovation for Development…

  3. Gregory Bateson and Eric Voegelin – Silent Dialogues across the Human Sciences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn


    This article argues that two important thinkers of the 20th century, Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) and Eric Voegelin (1901-1985), developed a set of ideas that are of importance to the history of the human sciences. The article also argues that their ideas display similarities that have not yet bee...

  4. Finding Education and Training Technology: A Gap between ERIC and NTIS. (United States)

    Bush, Clesson B.


    Shows civilian applications for Department of Defense education and training efforts and instructional technology. A search showing a gap between the ERIC and NTIS (National Technical Information Service) databases covering government documents is described. Suggestions for additional research and an overview of federal statutes which include…

  5. Freedom of Speech: A Clear and Present Need to Teach. ERIC Report. (United States)

    Boileau, Don M.


    Presents annotations of 21 documents in the ERIC system on the following subjects: (1) theory of freedom of speech; (2) theorists; (3) research on freedom of speech; (4) broadcasting and freedom of speech; and (5) international questions of freedom of speech. (PD)

  6. Learning about the Human Genome. Part 2: Resources for Science Educators. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Haury, David L.

    This ERIC Digest identifies how the human genome project fits into the "National Science Education Standards" and lists Human Genome Project Web sites found on the World Wide Web. It is a resource companion to "Learning about the Human Genome. Part 1: Challenge to Science Educators" (Haury 2001). The Web resources and…

  7. Radio in Foreign Language Education. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 11. (United States)

    Nelson, Robert J.; Wood, Richard E.

    The present study is an updating of Robert J. Nelson's ERIC Focus Report No. 11 (1969) "Using Radio to Develop and Maintain Competence in a Foreign Language." Two major areas are examined: (1) the concepts behind the use of radio in language teaching and how this application of radio reflects changes in the theory and practice of foreign language…

  8. Screening for Internet Addiction: An Empirical Study on Cut-off Points for the Chen Internet Addiction Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Hung Ko


    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to establish the optimal cut-off points of the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, to screen for and diagnose Internet addiction among adolescents in the community by using the well- established diagnostic criteria of Internet addiction. This survey of 454 adolescents used screening (57/58 and diagnostic (63/64 cut-off points of the CIAS, a self-reported instrument, based on the results of systematic diagnostic interviews by psychiatrists. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that CIAS has good diagnostic accuracy (89.6%. The screening cut-off point had high sensitivity (85.6% and the diagnostic cut-off point had the highest diagnostic accuracy, classifying 87.6% of participants correctly. Accordingly, the screening point of the CIAS could provide a screening function in two-stage diagnosis, and the diagnostic point could serve as a diagnostic criterion in one-stage massive epidemiologic research.

  9. Satellite-derived land covers for runoff estimation using SCS-CN method in Chen-You-Lan Watershed, Taiwan (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-Yan; Lin, Chao-Yuan


    The Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) method, which was originally developed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, is widely used to estimate direct runoff volume from rainfall. The runoff Curve Number (CN) parameter is based on the hydrologic soil group and land use factors. In Taiwan, the national land use maps were interpreted from aerial photos in 1995 and 2008. Rapid updating of post-disaster land use map is limited due to the high cost of production, so the classification of satellite images is the alternative method to obtain the land use map. In this study, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in Chen-You-Lan Watershed was derived from dry and wet season of Landsat imageries during 2003 - 2008. Land covers were interpreted from mean value and standard deviation of NDVI and were categorized into 4 groups i.e. forest, grassland, agriculture and bare land. Then, the runoff volume of typhoon events during 2005 - 2009 were estimated using SCS-CN method and verified with the measured runoff data. The result showed that the model efficiency coefficient is 90.77%. Therefore, estimating runoff by using the land cover map classified from satellite images is practicable.

  10. A variational numerical method based on finite elements for the nonlinear solution characteristics of the periodically forced Chen system (United States)

    Khan, Sabeel M.; Sunny, D. A.; Aqeel, M.


    Nonlinear dynamical systems and their solutions are very sensitive to initial conditions and therefore need to be approximated carefully. In this article, we present and analyze nonlinear solution characteristics of the periodically forced Chen system with the application of a variational method based on the concept of finite time-elements. Our approach is based on the discretization of physical time space into finite elements where each time-element is mapped to a natural time space. The solution of the system is then determined in natural time space using a set of suitable basis functions. The numerical algorithm is presented and implemented to compute and analyze nonlinear behavior at different time-step sizes. The obtained results show an excellent agreement with the classical RK-4 and RK-5 methods. The accuracy and convergence of the method is shown by comparing numerically computed results with the exact solution for a test problem. The presented method has shown a great potential in dealing with the solutions of nonlinear dynamical systems and thus can be utilized in delineating different features and characteristics of their solutions.

  11. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt. (United States)

    Franson, J. Christian; Hoffman, D.J.; Schmutz, J.A.


    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  12. Comment on “Chen et al., Fabrication and photovoltaic conversion enhancement…”, Electrochimica Acta, 2014 (United States)

    Valentic, Lara; Gorji, Nima E.


    In a recent article, Chen et al. [Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130: 279] presented their fabrication and characterization results on a graphene/n-Si solar cell where the Au nanoparticles were inserted in graphene to increase its optical and electrical properties. The higher efficiency of the device was attributed to increased conductivity of graphene after doping with Au nanoparticles. However, the knowledge in the field of Schottky diode solar cells relates this to increased band bending at the junction. Also, to explain the instability behaviour, they concluded that the growth of silicon oxide on the Si surface or oxygen adsorption on the window layer resulted in the device performance increasing initially and decreasing in the end. However, this instability seems to be due to variation in series resistance reduced at the beginning because of slightly lowered Fermi level and increased at the end by the self-compensation by deep in-diffusion of Au nanoparticles into n-Si layer. We also propose that inserting a very thin p-type layer at the junction will enhance the carrier collection and performance of this device.

  13. Debris flow run off simulation and verification ‒ case study of Chen-You-Lan Watershed, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.-L. Lin


    Full Text Available In 1996 typhoon Herb struck the central Taiwan area, causing severe debris flow in many subwatersheds of the Chen-You-Lan river watershed. More severe cases of debris flow occurred following Chi-Chi earthquake, 1999. In order to identify the potentially affected area and its severity, the ability to simulate the flow route of debris is desirable. In this research numerical simulation of debris flow deposition process had been carried out using FLO-2D adopting Chui-Sue river watershed as the study area. Sensitivity study of parameters used in the numerical model was conducted and adjustments were made empirically. The micro-geomorphic database of Chui-Sue river watershed was generated and analyzed to understand the terrain variations caused by the debris flow. Based on the micro-geomorphic analysis, the debris deposition in the Chui-Sue river watershed in the downstream area, and the position and volume of debris deposition were determined. The simulated results appeared to agree fairly well with the results of micro-geomorphic study of the area when not affected by other inflow rivers, and the trends of debris distribution in the study area appeared to be fairly consistent.

  14. Evaluation of the ERIC-PCR as a probable method to differentiate Avibacterium paragallinarum serovars. (United States)

    Hellmuth, Julius Eduard; Hitzeroth, Arina Corli; Bragg, Robert Richard; Boucher, Charlotte Enastacia


    Infectious coryza, an upper respiratory tract disease in chickens, caused by Avibacterium paragallinarum, leads to huge economic losses. The disease is controlled through vaccination; but vaccination efficacy is dependent on correct identification of the infecting serovar, as limited cross-protection is reported amongst some serovars. Current identification methods include the heamagglutination inhibition test, which is demanding and could be subjective. To overcome this, molecular typing methods proposed are the Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism-PCR, but low reproducibility is reported. Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC)-PCR has been suggested for molecular groupings of various bacterial species. This study focuses on evaluating the ERIC-PCR as a probable method to differentiate between different Av. paragallinarum serovars by grouping with reference isolates, based on clonal relations. The ERIC-PCR was performed on 12 reference isolates and 41 field isolates originating from South Africa and South America. The data indicate that the ERIC-PCR is not ideal for the differentiation or for molecular typing of Av. paragallinarum serovars, as no correlation is drawn upon comparison of banding patterns of field isolates and reference strains. However, the results do indicate isolates from the same origin sharing unique banding patterns, indicating potential clonal relationship; but when compared to the reference isolates dominant in the specific area, no correlation could be drawn. Furthermore, although the ERIC-PCR serves a purpose in epidemiological studies, it has proved to have little application in differentiating amongst serovars of Av. paragallinarum and to group untyped field strains with known reference strains.

  15. Effect of feeding and fasting on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen). (United States)

    Fu, Shi-Jian; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Peng, Jiang-Lan


    The impact of feeding (fed to satiation, 13.85% body mass) on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC, chasing for 2.5 min) was investigated in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) (38.62-57.55 g) at 25. Cutlets of freshly killed loach species without viscera, head and tail were used as the test meal, and oxygen consumption (VO(2)) was adjusted to a standard body mass of 1 kg using a mass exponent of 0.75. Resting VO(2) increased significantly above fasting levels (49.89 versus 148.25 mg O(2) h(-)(1)) in 12 h postprandial catfish. VO(2) and ventilation frequency (V(f)) both increased immediately after exhaustive exercise and slowly returned to pre-exercise values in all experimental groups. The times taken for post-exercise VO(2) to return to the pre-exercise value were 20, 25 and 30 min in 12 h, 60 h and 120 h postprandial catfish, respectively. Peak VO(2) levels were 257.36+/-6.06, 219.32+/-6.32 and 200.91+/-5.50 mg O(2) h(-1) in 12 h, 60 h and 120 h postprandial catfish and EPOC values were 13.85+/-4.50, 27.24+/-3.15 and 41.91+/-3.02 mg O(2) in 12 h, 60 h and 120 h postprandial southern catfish, respectively. There were significant differences in both EPOC and peak VO(2) during the post-exercise recovery process among three experimental groups (pcatfish, (2) both the digestive process and exercise (also the post-exercise recovery process) were curtailed under postprandial exercise, (3) the change of V(f) was smaller than that of VO(2) during the exhaustive exercise recovery process, (4) for a similar increment in VO(2), the change in V(f) was larger during the post-exercise process than during the digestive process.

  16. Development of microsatellite loci exhibiting reverse ascertainment bias and a sexing marker for use in Emperor Geese (Chen canagica) (United States)

    Gravley, Meg C.; Sage, George K.; Schmutz, Joel A.; Talbot, Sandra


    The Alaskan population of Emperor Geese (Chen canagica) nests on the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska. Numbers of Emperor Geese in Alaska declined from the 1960s to the mid-1980s and since then, their numbers have slowly increased. Low statistical power of microsatellite loci developed in other waterfowl species and used in previous studies of Emperor Geese are unable to confidently assign individual identity. Microsatellite loci for Emperor Goose were therefore developed using shotgun amplification and next-generation sequencing technology. Forty-one microsatellite loci were screened and 14 were found to be polymorphic in Emperor Geese. Only six markers – a combination of four novel loci and two loci developed in other waterfowl species – are needed to identify an individual from among the Alaskan Emperor Goose population. Genetic markers for identifying sex in Emperor Geese were also developed. The 14 novel variable loci and 15 monomorphic loci were screened for polymorphism in four other Arctic-nesting goose species, Black Brant (Branta bernicla nigricans), Greater White-fronted (Anser albifrons), Canada (B. canadensis) and Cackling (B. hutchinsii) Goose. Emperor Goose exhibited the smallest average number of alleles (3.3) and the lowest expected heterozygosity (0.467). Greater White-fronted Geese exhibited the highest average number of alleles (4.7) and Cackling Geese the highest expected heterozygosity (0.599). Six of the monomorphic loci were variable and able to be characterised in the other goose species assayed, a predicted outcome of reverse ascertainment bias. These findings fail to support the hypothesis of ascertainment bias due to selection of microsatellite markers.

  17. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Policies in European Research Infrastructure Consortia - PART I: The Case of the European Spallation Source ERIC"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Helen; Wested, Jakob; Minssen, Timo


    Research and innovation are key pillars of the EU’s strategy to create sustainable growth and prosperity in Europe. Research infrastructures (RIs) are central instruments to implement this strategy. They bring together a wide diversity of expertise and interests to look for solutions to many...... of the problems society is facing today. To facilitate the creation and operation of such RIs, the EU adopted legal frameworks for European Research Infrastructure Consortia (ERIC). On August 31, 2015, the European Spallation Source (ESS) was established as an ERIC. Under the ERIC Regulations and ESS Statutes......, the European Spallation Source ERIC is required to adopt various policy documents relating to the operation and management of the facility. These cover a wide variety of issues such as user access, public procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), data management, and dissemination. One of the main goals...

  18. 3d-Übergangsmetalloxide: Ultradünne Schichten und Grenzflächen von MnO und NiO


    Nagel, Mathias


    Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht binäre Übergangsmetalloxide. Im Speziellen werden sowohl ultradünne und epitaktische Manganoxid-Schichten (MnO) auf einkristallinen Silbersubstraten als auch Grenzflächen zwischen Übergangsmetallen und Oxiden betrachtet. Strukturelle, elektronische und magnetische Eigenschaften von Übergangsmetalloxiden in dünnen Schichtsystemen sind von grundlegendem Interesse. Für Anwendungen im Bereich der magnetischen Datenspeicherung oder in der Entwicklung von Spintr...

  19. Interview with eric R. Kandel: from memory, free will, and the problem with Freud to fortunate decisions. (United States)

    Kandel, Eric R


    Eric R. Kandel shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Arvid Carlsson and Paul Greengard in 2000 for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system. Eric Kandel was rewarded for his discoveries of molecular mechanisms underlying learning and memory. He is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Senior Investigator at Columbia Universities Center for Neurobiology and Behavior. In this interview given at Hertie Foundation's Neuroforum 2008 on April 18, 2008 in Frankfurt, Germany, Nobel Prize Laureate Eric R. Kandel takes us on an enlighting journey ranging from memory, free will, the problem with Freud , to scientific challenges and the rise of European science. Starting with short- and long-term memory basics, underlying molecular mechanisms, and events affecting the formation of long-term memory, Eric Kandel then shares his thoughts on the issue of free will and makes a strong case for its existence. In addition to his outstanding scientific career, Eric Kandel developed an interest in business and today serves as scientific advisor at Memory Pharmaceuticals. Eric Kandel then talks about the use and abuse of drugs in children and the merging of scientific disciplines. In one of the most intriguing parts of the interview, Kandel shares his thoughts on Freud, Freud's mistakes, and the unique situation that the generations following Freud did not develop Freud's work further. The interview then turns to more scientific aspects and Eric Kandel talks about his confidence and courage during the initial phases of his scientific career, studying learning and memory, and employing a strictly reductionistic approach, best characterized by his simple model organism Aplysia. Eric Kandel then describes one of the most challenging phases in his scientific career when adult neurogenesis was discovered in the hippocampus, a structure so integral to Kandel's work. The final parts of the interview cover today's absence of epic battles and

  20. On measurements of Effective Residual Ink Concentration (ERIC) of deinked papers using Kubelka-Munk theory (United States)

    D.W. Vahey; J.Y. Zhu; C.J. Houtman


    The measurement of effective residual ink concentration (ERIC) in recycled papers depends on their opacity. For opacity less than 97.0%, the method is based on application of the Kubelka-Munk theory to diffuse reflection from papers measured once with a black backing and again with a thick backing of the same papers. At opacities above 97.0%, the two reflection values...

  1. Eric Kandel's Reductionism in Art and Brain Science - Bridging the Two Cultures. (United States)

    Bilsky, Ed


    Reductive art is a term to describe an artistic style or an aesthetic, rather than an art movement. It is stripping down as a new way of seeing. Movements and other terms that are sometimes associated with reductive art include abstract art, minimalism, ABC art, anti-illusionism, cool art, and rejective art. Eric Kandel's fifth book focuses on reductionism as the principle guiding an ongoing dialogue between the worlds of science and art.

  2. Effect of feeding on the function and structure of the digestive system in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen). (United States)

    Zeng, Ling-Qing; Li, Feng-Jie; Fu, Shi-Jian; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Zhang, Yao-Guang


    Postprandial physiological and morphological responses to feeding were examined in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) that had consumed a loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus Cantor) meal equivalent to 6 % of the body mass of the catfish. The gastric evacuation rate (GER) peaked at 4 h postfeeding, averaging 0.36 g food weight h(-1), at which time 14 % of the ingested meal had passed into the intestine. Less than 10 % of the ingested meal remained in the stomach at 24 h postfeeding. Pepsin activity peaked at 8 h postfeeding, reaching a level approximately twofold higher than the prefeeding level. Pancreatic trypsin activity peaked at 16 h postfeeding, reaching a level 4.5-fold higher than the prefeeding level. Peaks in lipase activity in both the proximal and middle intestinal segments occurred at 16 h, reaching 2.8- and 2.4-fold higher levels than the prefeeding level, respectively, while the activity in the distal intestine segment reached a level 2.9-fold higher than the prefeeding level at 24 h postfeeding. With respect to amylase activity, only the middle intestinal segment exhibited a change, first an increase and then a decrease, after feeding. Feeding also triggered an approximately 200 % increase in the metabolic rate and resulted in 44.6 kJ kg(-1) being expended on specific dynamic action, equivalent to 16.1 % of the meal's energy. In terms of organ size, the wet mass of the liver increased by 11 % at 24 h postfeeding, whereas the wet mass of the pancreas did not change. Except for a decrease in the thickness of the submucosa in the middle intestinal segment, the thickness of the intestinal fold, mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa of each intestinal segment did not change significantly with feeding. These results suggest that the continuum of physiological responses observed with respect to metabolic increases, GER, regulation of pancreatic and intestinal digestive enzyme activities and liver wet mass to feeding

  3. Escaping institutionality: rebellion and gendered space in Eric, or Little by Little and A Little Princess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim, Soyoun


    Full Text Available By the convention of nineteenth-century school narratives, students are supposed to grow up in the school while their characters are being molded by the standardized educational system. Eric, or Little by Little and A Little Princess both resist the very idea of linear growth that is a trope of the Bildungsroman through endowing their protagonists with the rebelliousness and outsider status of the unruly child. This essay examines how Eric Williams and Sara Crewe, disobedient students who leave their schools after deriving no benefit from the institutional education, illuminate the ways in which institutionality is incorporated with the gendered agendas of nineteenth-century England. Eric and Sara both challenge the authority of the central adult in each tale by exploiting and changing the interior space of the schools; not only the inner structures of each school but also the connection/disconnection between school and home differ in the two stories. My proposition is that in the nineteenth-century school narratives discipline and character-building in the institution are not viewed as inevitable in reaching adulthood for girls, while for boys there is neither exit from the institutionality nor way to recover their lost home and childhood.

  4. Setting the stage for the EPOS ERIC: Integration of the legal, governance and financial framework (United States)

    Atakan, Kuvvet; Bazin, Pierre-Louis; Bozzoli, Sabrina; Freda, Carmela; Giardini, Domenico; Hoffmann, Thomas; Kohler, Elisabeth; Kontkanen, Pirjo; Lauterjung, Jörn; Pedersen, Helle; Saleh, Kauzar; Sangianantoni, Agata


    EPOS - the European Plate Observing System - is the ESFRI infrastructure serving the need of the solid Earth science community at large. The EPOS mission is to create a single sustainable, and distributed infrastructure that integrates the diverse European Research Infrastructures for solid Earth science under a common framework. Thematic Core Services (TCS) and Integrated Core Services (Central Hub, ICS-C and Distributed, ICS-D) are key elements, together with NRIs (National Research Infrastructures), in the EPOS architecture. Following the preparatory phase, EPOS has initiated formal steps to adopt an ERIC legal framework (European Research Infrastructure Consortium). The statutory seat of EPOS will be in Rome, Italy, while the ICS-C will be jointly operated by France, UK and Denmark. The TCS planned so far cover: seismology, near-fault observatories, GNSS data and products, volcano observations, satellite data, geomagnetic observations, anthropogenic hazards, geological information modelling, multiscale laboratories and geo-energy test beds for low carbon energy. In the ERIC process, EPOS and all its services must achieve sustainability from a legal, governance, financial, and technical point of view, as well as full harmonization with national infrastructure roadmaps. As EPOS is a distributed infrastructure, the TCSs have to be linked to the future EPOS ERIC from legal and governance perspectives. For this purpose the TCSs have started to organize themselves as consortia and negotiate agreements to define the roles of the different actors in the consortium as well as their commitment to contribute to the EPOS activities. The link to the EPOS ERIC shall be made by service agreements of dedicated Service Providers. A common EPOS data policy has also been developed, based on the general principles of Open Access and paying careful attention to licensing issues, quality control, and intellectual property rights, which shall apply to the data, data products

  5. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice


    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  6. 6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice


    6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

  7. Covert radar and signals interception the secret career of Eric Ackermann

    CERN Document Server

    Hayson, David


    Of German stock dating back to 1530 in Saxony, Eric George Ackermann GM was born on the Isle of Wight in 1919 and became a leading figure in the world of signals and electronic intelligence. As a Junior Scientific Officer at the Telecommunication Research Establishment, Boscombe Down, with an honorary commission in the Royal Air Force, he made numerous flights over occupied territory searching for, monitoring and destroying Germany's Wuerzburg, Knickebein and X Band radar systems. Much of his research was passed to the highest levels of wartime government, and was highly prized, ensuring that

  8. Balancing Biography and Institutional History: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Cushing


    Full Text Available When a young naturalist opened his new wildlife park at Wyoming on the NSW Central Coast in the late 1950s, he gave it his own name: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park. Through the park, Worrell made a significant contribution to environmental education, the development of knowledge of captive animal care and display and the provision of antivenoms for the bites of a range of dangerous creatures. More than this, it was the geographic and emotional centre of Worrell’s world: the fulfilment of a childhood dream, a home for his family and a site for forming new personal and professional relationships. In preparation for the jubilee of the park, its history is being written by two academics from the University of Newcastle. An attractive means of creating the necessary narrative structure and human interest to ensure the wide appeal of this history is to follow Worrell’s lead and place his life at the centre of this institutional history. This is the direction suggested by the written sources on the park and it is accentuated by many of our oral informants who organise their memories of the park around Worrell. To what extent can an institutional history be a biography of the person at the heart of that institution? Is it possible to disentangle the life from the institution? This article offers some preliminary answers to these questions through a case study of the writing of a history of Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park.

  9. ERIC-PCR Genotyping of Some Campylobacter jejuni Isolates of Chicken and Human Origin in Egypt. (United States)

    Ahmed, Heba A; El Hofy, Fatma I; Ammar, Ahmed M; Abd El Tawab, Ashraf A; Hefny, Ahmed A


    The public health importance of the genus Campylobacter is attributed to several species causing diarrhea in consumers. Poultry and their meat are considered the most important sources of human campylobacteriosis. In this study, 287 samples from chicken (131 cloacal swabs, 39 chicken skin, 78 chicken meat, and 39 cecal parts) obtained from retail outlets as well as 246 stool swabs from gastroenteritis patients were examined. A representative number of the biochemically identified Campylobacter jejuni isolates were identified by real-time PCR, confirming the identification of the isolates as C. jejuni. Genotyping of the examined isolates (n = 31) by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR) revealed a high discriminatory index of ERIC-PCR (D = 0.948), dividing C. jejuni isolates of chicken and human origins into 18 profiles and four clusters. The 18 profiles obtained indicated the heterogeneity of C. jejuni. Dendrogram analysis showed that four clusters were generated; all human isolates fell into clusters I and III. These observations further support the existence of a genetic relationship between human and poultry isolates examined in the present study. In conclusion, the results obtained support the speculation that poultry and poultry meat have an important role as sources of infection in the acquisition of Campylobacter infection in humans.

  10. Molecular typing of uropathogenic E. coli strains by the ERIC-PCR method. (United States)

    Ardakani, Maryam Afkhami; Ranjbar, Reza


    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most common cause of urinary infections in hospitals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ERIC-PCR method for molecular typing of uropathogenic E. coli strains isolated from hospitalized patients. In a cross sectional study, 98 E. coli samples were collected from urine samples taken from patients admitted to Baqiyatallah Hospital from June 2014 to January 2015. The disk agar diffusion method was used to determine antibiotic sensitivity. DNA proliferation based on repetitive intergenic consensus was used to classify the E. coli strains. The products of proliferation were electrophoresed on 1.5% agarose gel, and their dendrograms were drawn. The data were analyzed by online Insillico software. The method used in this research proliferated numerous bands (4-17 bands), ranging from 100 to 3000 base pairs. The detected strains were classified into six clusters (E1-E6) with 70% similarity between them. In this study, uropathogenic E. coli strains belonged to different genotypic clusters. It was found that ERIC-PCR had good differentiation power for molecular typing of uropathogenic E. coli strains isolated from the patients in the study.

  11. Introduction: Eric Davidson and the molecular biology of evolution and development. (United States)

    Morange, Michel; Deichmann, Ute


    Between November 30th and December 2nd, 2015, the Jacques Loeb Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beer Sheva (Israel) held its Eighth International Workshop under the title "From Genome to Gene: Causality, Synthesis and Evolution". Eric Davidson, the founder of the concept of developmental Gene Regulatory Networks, had regularly attended the previous meetings, and his participation in this one was expected, but he suddenly passed away 3 months before. In this paper, we provide an introduction and overview on five papers that were presented at the workshop and examine the importance of genomes and gene regulatory networks in extant biology, developmental biology, evolutionary biology and medicine, as well as a collection of remembrances of Eric Davidson, of his personality as well as of his scientific contributions. Historical perspectives are provided, and the ethical issues raised by the new tools developed to modify the genome are also discussed.

  12. "Innovation and Intellectual Property Policies in European Research Infrastructure Consortia - PART I: The Case of the European Spallation Source ERIC"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yu, Helen; Wested, Jakob; Minssen, Timo


    , the European Spallation Source ERIC is required to adopt various policy documents relating to the operation and management of the facility. These cover a wide variety of issues such as user access, public procurement, intellectual property rights (IPR), data management, and dissemination. One of the main goals...

  13. Adamson-Eric 100 : XX sajandi kunsti- ja kultuurilugu ühe inimsaatuse kaudu / Ülle Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruus, Ülle


    Näitus "Adamson-Eric 100" Eesti Kunstimuuseumi Rüütelkonna hoones ja Adamson-Ericu muuseumis. Koostajad Ülle Kruus, Kersti Koll, Hanno Soans, kujundajad Leonhard Lapin (EKM), Jaak Soans (Adamson-Ericu muuseum). Adamson-Ericu teosed väljaspool Eestit ja Eestisse tagasi jõudnud tööd

  14. Molecular typing among beef isolates of Escherichia coli using consensus repetitive intergenic enterobacteria-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) (United States)

    Zoolkifli, Nurliyana Wan; Mutalib, Sahilah Abd


    Genomic DNA of Escherichia coli were characterized by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-Polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) and the presence of Shiga toxin gene-I (Stx1) and Shiga toxin gene-2 (Stx2). These isolates were originated from imported raw beef which are come from two countries namely Australia and India. The isolation of E. coli was conducted by using Eosin Methylene Blue Agar (EMBA). A total of 94 strains had been isolated from 30 samples of imported raw beefand 42 strains had been detected positively E. coli by doing biochemical tests. All strains had been tested and the results of biochemical tests showed that 3 strains were from Australia samples while the other 39 strains were from India samples. The biochemical tests used are Indole test, Methyl Red test, Voges-Proskauer test and Citrate test. All the 42 strains were examined for Shiga toxin (stx1 and stx2) gene detection by two pair primers which are stx2F (5'-TTCTTCGGTATCCTATTCCC-3'), stx2R (5'-ATGCATCTCTGGTCATTGTA-3'), stx1F (5'-CAGTTAATGTGGTGGCGAAG-3'), and stx1R (5'-CTGTCACAGTAACAACCGT-3'). The results showed that none of the strains are positive for Shiga toxin gene. Application of ERIC-PCR method towards E. coli had successfully shown the high diversity polymorphism in 21 different genome types of DNA with primers ERIC1R (5'- CACTTAGGGGTCCTCGAATGTA- 3') and ERIC2R (5'- AAGTAAGTGACTGGGGTGACGC- 3').

  15. How ERIC Can Help Librarians in Rural Areas Meet the Information Needs of Teachers, Administrators, and Students. (United States)

    Connolly, Laura H.

    This pamphlet discusses some of the information needs of rural schools, offers ideas on how to educate rural librarians and other rural educators about ERIC, illustrates how to successfully use the system, enumerates the kind of materials and equipment needed, stresses cooperation among rural educators, lists addresses and telephone numbers where…

  16. Comment on "Current separation and upwelling over the southeast shelf of Vietnam in the South China Sea" by Chen et al. (United States)

    Dippner, Joachim W.; Bombar, Deniz; Loick-Wilde, Natalie; Voss, Maren; Subramaniam, Ajit


    In a recent paper, Chen et al. (2012) showed that the offshore current in front of the Vietnamese upwelling area in the South China Sea (SCS) is caused by an encounter of southward buoyancy-driven coastal current and tidal rectified currents from the southwest. These findings seem not in agreement with in-situ observations. The mechanism for the formation of the offshore current has its origin in the inter-annual variability of atmospheric forcing. El Niño Southern Oscillation events modulate the northern position of Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone and the intensity of both, SW monsoon and upwelling. Strong upwelling influences the spatial distribution of characteristic water masses which results in a blocking of the near coastal northward propagation of the plume of River Mekong and the formation of an offshore current.

  17. Intestinal microbial community diversity between healthy and orally infected rabbit with Entamoeba histolytica by ERIC-PCR. (United States)

    He, Guang-Zhi; Deng, Shu-Xuan; Qian, Ning


    Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR was applied to analyze the difference of intestinal microbial community diversity between healthy and orally infected rabbits with Entamoeba histolytica. The dynamic changes in different parts of digestive system including the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum, and rectum in healthy and infected rabbits at different time points were also tested. The intestinal microbial community of the control healthy rabbits was steady, and the total number of ERIC-PCR bands in the control healthy rabbit was the least in the rectum and the most in the caecum. ERIC-PCR bands of orally inoculated rabbits did not obviously change until 24 h after postinoculation (p.i.). The numbers of the ERIC-PCR bands gradually decreased from 24 to 72 h p.i., and then, with the development of disease, the band numbers gradually increased until 6 days p.i. Sequence analysis showed that the nucleotide sequence homologies of the fragment about 1,200 bp of infected ileum sampled at 32 h p.i. were above 95 % with Sinorhizobium meliloti enterobacterial, Erwinia amylovora and Salmonella typhimurium, and the nucleotide sequence homologies of the fragment about 300 bp of infected ileum sampled at 48 h p.i. were more than 90 % with Xanthomonas campestris enterobacterial, Yersinia enterocolitica subsp., Shigella flexneri, S. meliloti enterobacterial, Yersinia pestis, Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp., and Escherichia coli. The prominent bacteria had changed after E. histolytica infection. The DNAstar of staple of ERIC-PCR showed that aerobe and facultative aerobe (E. coli, Shigella, and Salmonella) became preponderant bacilli in the intestine of orally infected rabbits with E. histolytica.

  18. Strategies for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas: The Erice 50 Charter. (United States)

    D'Alessandro, D; Arletti, S; Azara, A; Buffoli, M; Capasso, L; Cappuccitti, A; Casuccio, A; Cecchini, A; Costa, G; De Martino, A M; Dettori, M; Di Rosa, E; Fara, G M; Ferrante, M; Giammanco, G; Lauria, A; Melis, G; Moscato, U; Oberti, I; Patrizio, C; Petronio, M G; Rebecchi, A; Romano Spica, V; Settimo, G; Signorelli, C; Capolongo, S


    The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI). At the conclusion of the intense learning experience during the Course, with more than 20 lectures, workshops and long-lasting discussions between Professors and Students, the participants identified the major points connecting urban features and Public Health, claiming the pivotal role of urban planning strategies for the management of Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion activities. The Erice 50 Charter is configured as a Decalogue for Healthy Cities and as a Think Tank for designing effective strategic actions and best practices to develop urban regeneration interventions and improve the urban quality of contemporary cities. The Decalogue is structured into the following key strategic objectives: 1. Promoting urban planning interventions that address citizens towards healthy behaviours; 2. Improving living conditions in the urban context; 3. Building an accessible and inclusive city, with a special focus on the frail population; 4. Encouraging the foundation of resilient urban areas; 5. Supporting the development of new economies and employment through urban renewal interventions; 6. Tackling social inequalities; 7. Improving stakeholders' awareness of the factors affecting Public Health in the cities; 8. Ensuring a participated urban governance; 9. Introducing qualitative and quantitative performance tools, capable of measuring the city

  19. Comments on “The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation problem” [S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761 772 (United States)

    Chen, J. T.; Chen, I. L.; Lee, Y. T.


    Zhang and Chen [The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation problem, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228 (1999) 761-772] proposed a boundary point method (BPM) for exterior acoustic problems. The idea is similar to the CHUNKY CHIEF by Wu [A weighted residual formulation for the CHIEF method in acoustic, Journal of Acoustical Society of America 90 (1991) 1608-1614], but Chunky CHIEF provides constraints using null-field equations while the BPM used the CHUNKY BLOCK singularity outside the domain. The mathematical structure is similar to Trefftz method and method of fundamental solutions [J.T. Chen et al., On the equivalence of the Trefftz method and method of fundamental solutions for Laplace and biharmonic equations, Computers & Mathematics with Applications 53 (2007) 851-879], since the interpolation function satisfies the governing equation. Later, Wu commented twice [Sean F. Wu, Comments on "The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation" (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772), Journal of Sound and Vibration, 298 (2006) 1173]; Sean F. Wu, Comments on "Reply to the comments on 'The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation' (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772)", Journal of Sound and Vibration, 298 (2006) 1176-1177] that the formulation of BPM is wrong and the authors replied also twice [X.Z. Chen, C.X. Bi, Reply to the comments on "The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation" (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772), Journal of Sound and Vibration, 298 (2006) 1174-1175; [X.Z. Chen, C.X. Bi, Reply to the comments on "Reply to the comments on 'The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation' (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772)", Journal of Sound

  20. Debating Modernity as Secular Religion: Hans Kelsen’s futile exchange with Eric Voegelin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn


    This article reviews the mysterious and recently published last book by Hans Kelsen, “Secular Religion. A Polemic Against the Misinterpretation of Modern Social Philosophy, Science and Politics as ‘New Religions’”, contextualizing it with reference to the little known dialogue between Hans Kelsen...... and Eric Voegelin. The confrontation between Kelsen and Voegelin, two of the most illustrious émigré scholars who found in America their new home, is important to revisit because it touches upon several axes of debate of crucial importance to postwar intellectual history: the religion/secularity debate......, the positivist/anti-positivist debates, and the controversy that also led to the famous Voegelin/Arendt debate: how to read the horrors of totalitarianism into a historical trajectory of modernity. Although the Kelsen/Voegelin exchange ended in failure and bitterness its substance matter goes to the heart...

  1. Nobel Prize Recipient Eric Betzig Presents Lecture on Efforts to Improve High-Resolution Microscopy | Poster (United States)

    Eric Betzig, Ph.D., a 2014 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and a scientist at Janelia Research Campus (JRC), Howard Hughes Medical Institute, in Ashburn, Va., visited NCI at Frederick on Sept. 10 to present a Distinguished Scientist lecture and discuss the latest high-resolution microscopy techniques. Betzig co-invented photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM) in collaboration with scientists at NIH. PALM achieves 10-fold improvement in spatial resolution of cells, going from the resolution limit of approximately 250 nm in standard optical microscopy down to approximately 20 nm, thus producing a so-called “super-resolution” image. Spatial resolution refers to the clarity of an image or, in other words, the smallest details that can be observed from an image.

  2. The future of immunization policies in Italy and in the European Union: The Declaration of Erice (United States)

    Odone, Anna; Fara, Gaetano M; Giammaco, Giuseppe; Blangiardi, Francesco; Signorelli, Carlo


    On December 2014 the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council (EPSCO) of the European Union adopted the Council Conclusions on “Vaccinations as an effective tool in public health,” a crucial step to strengthen EU action supporting Member States (MS) to implement effective immunization policies and programs. As a contribution to the ongoing pan-European discussion and to the Italian commitment to stay at the forefront of promoting vaccination polices, the Erice Declaration was drafted by Italy's best experts in the field of immunization to transpose to the national level the goals set by the EPSCO Conclusions. The aim of the current letter is to present to the broader international audience the Italian perspective as a case study to assess different immunization policy models, challenges and priorities. PMID:25806425

  3. Eric Freed Named Deputy Director of HIV Drug Resistance Program | Poster (United States)

    Editor’s note: The text for this article was adapted from an e-mail announcement to the Center for Cancer Research community from Robert Wiltrout, Ph.D., on September 8, 2014. Robert Wiltrout, Ph.D., director, NCI Center for Cancer Research (CCR), recently announced the appointment of Eric Freed, Ph.D., as deputy director of the HIV Drug Resistance Program (HIV DRP). Freed will join Stephen Hughes, Ph.D., director of HIV DRP, in leading this CCR program that focuses on understanding HIV replication and pathogenesis, with the goal of developing more effective strategies for treating HIV infections, and also builds on the existing strength of HIV and retrovirus research within NCI.

  4. ERIC-PCR identification of the spread of airborne Escherichia coli in pig houses. (United States)

    Yuan, W; Chai, T J; Miao, Z M


    To understand the spread of microbial aerosols in pig houses, with Escherichia coli (E. coli) as indicator, the airborne E. coli in 4 pig houses and their surroundings at different points 10, 50m upwind and 10, 50, 100, 200 and 400m downwind respectively from the pig houses were collected, and the concentrations were calculated at each sampling point. Furthermore, the feces of pigs were collected to separate E. coli. The ERIC-PCR (Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus-Polymerase Chain Reaction) technology was used to amplify the isolated E. coli DNA samples, then the amplified results were analyzed by NTSYS-pc (Version 2.10) to identify the similarity of isolated E. coli. The results showed that the airborne E. coli concentrations in indoor air of the 4 pig houses (21-35CFUm(-)(3) air) were much higher than those in upwind and downwind air (P0.05) at downwind distances. The ERIC-PCR results also showed that 52.4% of the fecal E. coli (four houses being respectively 2/4, 50%; 2/4, 50%; 3/6, 50%; 4/7, 57.1%) were identical to the indoor airborne E. coli isolates, and there was more than 90% similarity between the majority of E. coli (50%, 21/42) isolated from downwind air at 10, 50, 100 and 200m and those from indoor air or feces. It could be concluded that the aerosols in pig houses can spread to the surroundings, and thus effective measures should be taken to control and minimize the spread of microbial aerosols.

  5. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hirschheydt, Monika von


    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  6. Use of REP- and ERIC-PCR to reveal genetic heterogeneity of Vibrio cholerae from edible ice in Jakarta, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waturangi Diana E


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Vibrio cholerae is the causative organism of waterborne disease, cholera. V. cholerae has caused many epidemics and pandemics of cholera for many years. In this study, V. cholerae recovered from edible ice were investigated for their genetic diversity using Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC PCR and Repetitive Extragenic Palindromic (REP PCR. Isolation was done using selective medium and the presumptive isolates were confirmed through biochemical and serological assays. Results Seventy-five isolates of V. cholerae were recovered from ice samples collected from different locations of Jakarta. Specifically, 19 of them were identified as O1 serotype, 16 were Ogawa, 3 isolates were Inaba and the remaining isolates were non-O1. The fingerprinting profiles of V.cholerae isolated from ice samples were very diverse. Conclusion This result showed that the ERIC sequence is more informative and discriminative than REP sequence for analysis of V. cholerae diversity.

  7. Héritages mortifères. Rupture dans/de la filiation chez Ying Chen et Jane Sautière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Parent


    Full Text Available Les récits Nullipare (2008 de Jane Sautière et Un enfant à ma porte (2008 de Ying Chen mettent tous deux en scène des femmes qui se révèlent incapables d’être mères. Le présent article montre que cette incapacité à avoir un enfant vient du fait que pour les deux narratrices, la filiation est liée à la mort, à la perte et à l’absence ; dans les deux textes, un héritage mortifère fait rupture et empêche la filiation de se poursuivre. Jane Sautière’s Nullipare (2008 and Ying Chen’s Un enfant à ma porte (2008 both portray a woman unable to become a mother. This article shows that the inability to have a child stems from the fact that, for the narrators of each work, filiation is linked to death, to loss, and to absence; in the two texts, a deadly legacy breaks the line of filiation and prevents its continuation.

  8. "Is political behavior a viable coping strategy to perceived organizational politics? Unveiling the underlying resource dynamics": Correction to Sun and Chen (2017). (United States)


    Reports an error in "Is Political Behavior a Viable Coping Strategy to Perceived Organizational Politics? Unveiling the Underlying Resource Dynamics" by Shuhua Sun and Huaizhong Chen (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, May 22, 2017, np). In the article, Table 1 contained a formatting error. Correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 6 were misplaced with correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 7. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-22542-001.) We conduct a theory-driven empirical investigation on whether political behavior, as a coping strategy to perceived organizational politics, creates resource trade-offs in moderating the relationship between perceived organizational politics and task performance. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we hypothesize that political behavior mitigates the adverse effect of perceived organizational politics on task performance via psychological empowerment, yet exacerbates its adverse effect on task performance via emotional exhaustion. Three-wave multisource data from a sample of 222 employees and their 75 supervisors were collected for hypothesis testing. Findings supported our hypotheses. Our study enhances understandings of the complex resource dynamics of using political behavior to cope with perceived organizational politics and highlights the need to move stress-coping research from a focus on the stress-buffering effect of coping on outcomes to a focus on the underlying competing resource dynamics. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), in Vietnam: a molecular identification and relationships of isolates from different hosts and geographical origins. (United States)

    Le, Thanh H; Van De, Nguyen; Blair, David; McManus, Donald P; Kino, Hideto; Agatsuma, Takeshi


    Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), and paragonimiasis caused by this species is a newly detected disease in Vietnam. Twelve samples of Paragonimus (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea: Paragonimidae) from different life-stages (eggs, miracidia, metacercariae, adults from natural and experimental hosts) and host species (crab, dog, cat and human) were collected in different geographical locations in Vietnam. DNA sequences were obtained from each for partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) (387 bp) and the entire second ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) (361 bp). The ITS-2 sequences were identical among all specimens, including those previously reported in GenBank. For cox1, there were sequence differences between specimens from Vietnam (four provinces, different locations) and those from Guangxi (China) and Saraburi (Thailand). Phylogenetic trees inferred from cox1 and ITS-2 sequences using sequence data for 15 P. heterotremus and for other Paragonimus spp. revealed that all P. heterotremus originating from Vietnam, Thailand and China form a distinct group. This information also confirms the identity of the Vietnamese specimens as P. heterotremus.

  10. Demistifikasi Tokoh Don Juan dalam La Nuit De Valognes Karya Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talha Bachmid


    Full Text Available Don Juan is a myth about a seducer, a man with many love adventures, a women’s heat conqueror, and many other predicates. Don Juan as a myth is well-known world wide over, appearing in about 50 writings such as novels, plays, operas. But a French writer Eric-Emannuel Schmitt proposes a new figure of Don Juan in his play La Nuit de Valognes (Night in Valognes: the seducer is judged by five victims and convicted to marry one of his victims in order to stop his adventures. Surprisingly, Don Juan accepts this verdict without conditions. This sudden change becomes the theme of the play: the demythification of Don Juan. A flash back scene shows the beginning of this change and the interpretations that might arise from here. One possible interpretation is proposed and discussed in this paper: Don Juan found the way to a purer love, which is the union with God, and decides to begin his journey. This play can thus be categorised as a sufi text.

  11. Embracing complexity: the post-secular pilgrimage of Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Illman


    Full Text Available This article deals with the phenomenon of pilgrimage as a personal transformative process; an exploration of spiritual space rather than a journey undertaken to a physical place. The analysis focuses on the life story and authorship of the novelist and playwright Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt (b. 1960. Schmitt began his career as an academic philosopher specialised in enlightenment rationality. A mystical experience in the deserts of Sahara, however, opened his eyes to the spiritual dimensions of reality and encouraged him to redirect his professional strivings from academic writing to fiction. Today, Schmitt has reached a world-wide audience with his plays and novels on interreligious dialogue, especially the series of five short novellas called Le cycle d’Invisible. These narratives all deal with inter-religious encounters in a complex and compassionate way as Schmitt is particularly concerned with preserving the mystery of the situations he describes. The atheist conviction of his previous life has thus given way to an agnostic and mystically inspired world view focusing on diversity, divinity and inexplicability: “I am obsessed with complexity”, as he puts it himself. The presentation is based on ethnographic material, and key themes to be addressed include pilgrimage as a spiritual journey, interreligious encounters and mystical experiences.

  12. Characterization of Penicillium species by ribosomal DNA sequencing and BOX, ERIC and REP-PCR analysis. (United States)

    Redondo, Cristina; Cubero, Jaime; Melgarejo, Paloma


    The genus Penicillium is one of the largest and widely distributed fungal genera described to date. As a result, its taxonomic classification and species discrimination within this genus has become complicated. In this study, 52 isolates that belonged to the Penicillum genus and other related genera were characterized using two DNA-based methods: (i) analysis of the nucleotide sequences of internal transcribed spacers in ribosomal DNA and (ii) analysis of DNA fingerprints that were generated by polymerase chain reactions with specific primers for enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) and repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) sequences, and BOX elements. Using both methods, Penicillium species were discriminated from other fungal genera. Furthermore, Penicillium species that include strains which are used as biocontrol agents, such as P. glabrum, P. purpurogenum, and P. oxalicum, could be distinguished from other Penicillium species using these techniques. Based on our findings, we propose that a polyphasic approach that includes analysis of the nucleotide sequences of ribosomal DNA and detecting the presence of highly conserved, repeated nucleotide sequences can be used to determine the genetic relationships between different Penicillium species. Furthermore, we propose that our results can be used as a start point to develop a strategy to monitor the environmental presence of particular strains of Penicillium species when they are used as biocontrol agents.

  13. Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale. (United States)

    Everson, Naleya; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Lapkin, Samuel; Pitt, Victoria; van der Riet, Pamela; Rossiter, Rachel; Jones, Donovan; Gilligan, Conor; Courtney-Pratt, Helen


    To determine the effect of immersive 3D cultural simulation on nursing students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Accelerated globalisation has seen a significant increase in cultural diversity in most regions of the world over the past forty years. Clinical encounters that do not acknowledge cultural factors contribute to adverse patient outcomes and health care inequities for culturally and linguistically diverse people. Cultural empathy is an antecedent to cultural competence. Thus, appropriate educational strategies are needed to enhance nursing students' cultural empathy and the capacity to deliver culturally competent care. A one-group pretest, post-test design was used for this study. The simulation exposed students to an unfolding scene in a hospital ward of a developing county. A convenience sample of second-year undergraduate nursing students (n = 460) from a semi-metropolitan university in Australia were recruited for the study. Characteristics of the sample were summarised using descriptive statistics. T-tests were performed to analyse the differences between pre- and post simulation empathy scores using an eight item modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale. Students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients significantly improved after exposure to the 3D simulation experience. The mean scores for the Perspective Taking and Valuing Affective Empathy subscales also increased significantly postsimulation. The immersive 3D simulation had a positive impact on nursing students' empathy levels in regards to culturally and linguistically diverse groups. Research with other cohorts and in other contexts is required to further explore the impact of this educational approach. Immersive cultural simulation experiences offer opportunities to enhance the cultural empathy of nursing students. This may in turn have a positive impact on their cultural competence and consequently the quality of care they

  14. Genetic Diversity of Klebsiella spp. Isolated from Tempe based on Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus-Polymerase Chain Reaction (ERIC-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Tempe is an Indonesian fermented food prepared by fermenting dehulled cooked soybeans with Rhizopus oligosporus. Many types of bacteria are also involved during tempe fermentation, and one of these is Klebsiella spp. Some isolates of K. pneumoniae produces vitamin B12 in tempe but it has also been classified as an opportunistic pathogen. For this reason Klebsiella spp. in tempe is important to be studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of Klebsiella spp. from tempe employing ERIC-PCR method. Sixty-one isolates of Klebsiella have been isolated from sixteen tempe producers in Bogor, Jakarta, Malang, Tengerang, Bandung and Cianjur. 63F and 1387R primers were used to amplify 16S rDNA sequences, and 1R and 1F primers were used for ERIC analysis. The results of this research showed that sixty-one strains of Klebsiella were clustered into 17 groups. Based on ERIC-PCR analysis, isolates of Klebsiella could be grouped into different profiles which some of these groups consisted of isolates with identical ERIC-PCR profiles. Several identical ERIC-PCR profiles were found in tempe from the same producer. There was no correlation observed between genetic similarity among isolates with the origin of tempe.

  15. The ERICE-score: the new native cardiovascular score for the low-risk and aged Mediterranean population of Spain. (United States)

    Gabriel, Rafael; Brotons, Carlos; Tormo, M José; Segura, Antonio; Rigo, Fernando; Elosua, Roberto; Carbayo, Julio A; Gavrila, Diana; Moral, Irene; Tuomilehto, Jaakko; Muñiz, Javier


    In Spain, data based on large population-based cohorts adequate to provide an accurate prediction of cardiovascular risk have been scarce. Thus, calibration of the EuroSCORE and Framingham scores has been proposed and done for our population. The aim was to develop a native risk prediction score to accurately estimate the individual cardiovascular risk in the Spanish population. Seven Spanish population-based cohorts including middle-aged and elderly participants were assembled. There were 11800 people (6387 women) representing 107915 person-years of follow-up. A total of 1214 cardiovascular events were identified, of which 633 were fatal. Cox regression analyses were conducted to examine the contributions of the different variables to the 10-year total cardiovascular risk. Age was the strongest cardiovascular risk factor. High systolic blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and smoking were strong predictive factors. The contribution of serum total cholesterol was small. Antihypertensive treatment also had a significant impact on cardiovascular risk, greater in men than in women. The model showed a good discriminative power (C-statistic=0.789 in men and C=0.816 in women). Ten-year risk estimations are displayed graphically in risk charts separately for men and women. The ERICE is a new native cardiovascular risk score for the Spanish population derived from the background and contemporaneous risk of several Spanish cohorts. The ERICE score offers the direct and reliable estimation of total cardiovascular risk, taking in consideration the effect of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factor management. The ERICE score is a practical and useful tool for clinicians to estimate the total individual cardiovascular risk in Spain. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Dos miradas sobre la historia del arte : Las vanguardias artísticas entre Eric Hobsbawn y Walter Benjamin


    Koldobsky, Daniela


    En "A la zaga, decadencia y fracaso de las vanguardias del siglo XX" el historiador Eric Hobsbawm plantea el fracaso de las vanguardias artísticas especialmente en el campo de las artes visuales, entendiendo que "fue, primero, un fracaso de la 'modernidad', un término que empezó a usarse hacia mediados del siglo XIX y que sostenía en su programa que el arte contemporáneo debía ser, como Proudhon había dicho del de Courbet, 'una expresión de los tiempos". Sin embargo, considera que "Por supues...

  17. The EMSO ERIC Consortium: A Multidisciplinary, Multinational Organisation of Ocean Observatories. (United States)

    Best, M.


    EMSO is forging ahead through the next challenge in Earth-Ocean Science: How to co-ordinate ocean data acquisition, analysis and response across provincial, national, regional, and global scales. EMSO provides power, communications, sensors, and data infrastructure for continuous, high resolution, real-time, interactive ocean observations across a truly multi- and interdisciplinary range of research areas including biology, geology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science; from polar to tropical environments, through the water column down to the abyss. 11 deep sea and 4 shallow nodes span from Arctic through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to the Black Sea. The EMSO Preparatory Phase (FP7) project led to the Interim phase (involving 13 countries) of forming the legal entity: the EMSO European Research Infrastructure Consortium (EMSO-ERIC)-officially created by the EC in 2016. The open user community through ESONET-Vi (European Seafloor Observatory NETwork - The Vision), follows on scientific community planning contributions of the ESONET-NoE (FP6) project. Further progress made through the FixO3 project (FP7) also contributes to this shared infrastructure. Coordination among nodes is being strengthened through the EMSOdev project (H2020) which is producing the EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM) - standardised observations of temperature, pressure, salinity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, chlorophyll fluorescence, currents, passive acoustics, pH, pCO2, and nutrients. Early installations are now being upgraded; in October 2015 EMSO-France deployed a second cable and junction box serving the Ligurian Sea Node in order to monitor slope stability offshore Nice; in 2016 the EMSO Azores Node receives a major upgrade that will double its observing capacity; for EMSO-Italia the Capo Passero site is being installed and the Catania site is being upgraded. EMSO is a key player in international coordination projects such as CoopEUS/Coop+, ENVRI/ENVRIplus, GOOS

  18. The effects of dissolved oxygen level on the metabolic interaction between digestion and locomotion in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen). (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Peng, Jiang-Lan; Chen, Bo-Jian; Fu, Shi-Jian


    To investigate the effect of dissolved oxygen level ([O(2)]) on maintenance metabolism, feeding metabolism, aerobic swimming performance and their metabolic interaction in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen), we measured the following: (1) the resting oxygen consumption rate (MO(2rest)) over a range of water [O(2)] and from this we calculated the critical oxygen tension (P(crit)) of fasting fish; (2) the postprandial MO(2) response (10% body mass meal size) at water [O(2)] of 1, 2, 4 and 8mgO(2)L(-1); and (3) the swimming performance of fasting and digesting fish at water [O(2)] of 1, 2, 4 and 8mgO(2)L(-1) at 25 degrees C. The MO(2rest) remained constant over a broad range of water [O(2)] but then dropped markedly upon reaching the P(crit) (16.4% saturation). Hypoxic groups presented lower peak postprandial MO(2) (MO(2peak)) (1mgO(2)L(-1) group), larger energy expenditure and longer digestive process (both 1 and 2mgO(2)L(-1)) than those of normoxic groups. Both critical swimming speed (U(crit)) and the active metabolic rate (MO(2active)) of fasting fish remained unchanged over a decrease in water [O(2)] from 8 to 4mgO(2)L(-1) and then decreased significantly with further decreases in water [O(2)]. These parameters in fed fish showed a pronounced decrease as water [O(2)] decreased from 8 to 1mgO(2)L(-1). Feeding caused a significantly lower U(crit) in the 2mgO(2)L(-1) water [O(2)] group, a significantly higher MO(2active) in both the 2 and 8mgL(-1) water [O(2)] groups and a significantly higher metabolic scope (MO(2active)-MO(2rest)) in both the 2 and 4mgO(2)L(-1) water [O(2)] groups compared to fasting fish. The MO(2) increased greatly with swimming speed in the higher water [O(2)] groups, whereas it leveled off as swimming speeds approached the U(crit) in the lower water [O(2)] groups. Within all water [O(2)] groups, feeding caused a higher MO(2) compared to fasting fish when fish swam at the same speeds, except in the 1mgO(2)L(-1) group. This

  19. 75 FR 26316 - In the Matter of the Designation of Eric Breininger, Also Known as Abdul-Gaffar, Also Known as... (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE In the Matter of the Designation of Eric Breininger, Also Known as Abdul-Gaffar, Also Known as Abdulgaffar el...-Gaffar, also known as Abdulgaffar el Almani, committed, or poses a significant risk of committing, acts...

  20. Genetic diversity study of various β-lactamase-producing multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from a tertiary care hospital using ERIC-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayanti Jena


    Interpretation & conclusions: At 60 per cent similarity cut-off value, the dendrogram analysis showed that there were a total of 14 unique clusters of ERIC (CL-1 - CL-14 within the 41 E. coli isolates, which revealed the genetic diversity existing between them.

  1. Two phases of droplet evaporation during plasma arc spraying: reply to Chen's comment about the 'rocket' effect under conditions of thermal plasma spraying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemchinsky, V A [Key College, 225 Dania Beach Blvd, Dania Beach, FL 33040 (United States)


    The heating history of a droplet during its flight can be divided into two phases: (a) the initial phase when evaporation, although it occurs, does not change the heat balance of the droplet much (the case considered in our previous paper and (b) the final phase when the cooling due to evaporation balances the heat flux from the plasma. The later phase is considered in Chen's comment. In our reply, a very straightforward consideration demonstrates that even in the final phase of the droplet flight, the 'rocket' effect can be significant. (reply)

  2. Struktur und Funktion von S-Layern acidophiler Bakterien und Archaeen, ihre Rolle bei der Pyrit-Oxidation sowie die Adhäsion an Oberflächen


    Klingl, Andreas


    Anhand physiologischer und morphologischer Untersuchungen an den γ-Proteobakterienstämmen SP5/1 und HV2/2 sollten Einsichten über deren Einordnung innerhalb der Gattung Acidithiobacillus erlangt werden. Zusätzlich waren die Charakterisierung der Surface Layer des Acidithiobacillus-Isolates SP5/1 und von M. sedula TH2, sowie deren mögliche Funktionen und ihre Rolle bei der Interaktion mit Oberflächen von besonderem Interesse. Angesichts der Ergebnisse, welche aus der Sequenzierung der 16S ...

  3. Eric Charmes, La ville émiettée. Essai sur la clubbisation de la vie urbaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphaël Frétigny


    Full Text Available Si son titre ne le traduit pas explicitement, le récent ouvrage d’Eric Charmes La ville émiettée. Essai sur la clubbisation de la vie urbaine porte essentiellement sur l’espace périurbain, dont l’auteur est aujourd’hui un des meilleurs spécialistes en France. Ce travail se situe à l’opposé des stigmatisations habituelles du périurbain, trop souvent présenté comme un junk space peuplé de populations rejetées hors des villes. Au contraire, l’auteur met ce « tiers espace » (Vanier, 2001 au cœur...

  4. Chinese Circulations. Capital, Commodities, and Networks in Southeast Asia, Eric Tagliacozzo & Wen-Chin Chang (éds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Baffie


    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est une contribution majeure à l’étude des activités commerciales des Chinois d’Asie du Sud-Est, particulièrement du commerce entre les Chinois installés en Asie du Sud-Est et la Chine. Il est publié sous la direction d’un historien de l’université de Cornell aux États-Unis, Eric Tagliacozzo, spécialiste de l’Asie du Sud-Est musulmane, de l’Insulinde, principalement, et de Wen-Chin Chang, anthropologue au CAPAS de l’Academia Sinica et spécialiste des Chinois yunnanais de la Thaïla...

  5. La investigación en Educación Musical en la base de datos ERIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galera, María


    Full Text Available This article describes a bibliometrical analysis of articles on research in Music Education published from 1995 to 2007 and included in ERIC database. These articles represent 54% of all music education articles included in this database. The results show a list with 10 journals which has more than 20 of these articles. The sum of the articles contained in the first four journals is equivalent to 60% of music education articles published from 1995 to 2007. None of these journals are at JCR Social Sciences. Almost all authors of the revised articles usually work alone and occasionally. It seems that there are not research groups or strong consolidated research directions. The most common subjects are: students (attitudes, motivation and effectiveness; teachers; musical composition (activities and music techniques.

  6. DNA fingerprinting by ERIC-PCR for comparing Listeria spp. strains isolated from different sources in San Luis: Argentina Caracterización molecular por ERIC-PCR de cepas de Listeria spp. aisladas de diversos orígenes en San Luis: Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Laciar


    Full Text Available In this study, a total of 24 Listeria spp. strains were analyzed. Twenty-two isolates were obtained in San Luis (Argentina from human, animal, and food samples. Two types of strains, Listeria monocytogenes CLIP 22762 and Listeria innocua CLIP 74915, were included as reference strains. All isolates were biochemically identified and characterized by serotyping, phage typing, and amplification of the flaA gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC sequence-based PCR was used to generate DNA fingerprints. On the basis of ERIC-PCR fingerprints, Listeria spp. strains were divided into three major clusters matching origin of isolation. ERIC-PCR fingerprints of human and animal isolates were different from those of food isolates. In addition, groups I and II included ten L. monocytogenes strains, and only one Listeria seeligeri strain. Group III included nine L. innocua strains and four L. monocytogenes strains. Computer evaluation of ERIC-PCR fingerprints allowed discrimination between the tested serotypes 1/2b, 4b, 6a, and 6b within each major cluster. The index of discrimination calculated was 0.94. This study suggests that the ERIC-PCR technique provides an alternative method for the identification of Listeria species and the discrimination of strains within one species.En este estudio se analizaron 24 cepas de Listeria spp. De ellas, 22 fueron obtenidas en San Luis (Argentina, a partir de muestras humanas, de animales y alimentos. Se incluyeron 2 cepas de referencia Listeria monocytogenes CLIP 22762 y Listeria innocua CLIP 74915. Todos los aislamientos fueron identificados bioquímicamente y caracterizados por serotipificación, fagotipificación y detección del gen flaA por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR. Se generaron perfiles de bandas de ADN mediante la amplificación de secuencias repetitivas de consenso intergénico de enterobacterias (ERIC-PCR. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos por ERIC

  7. Optimized Expansion of Search Queries Using ERIC Online Thesaurus and its Impact on Precision of Outcome and User’s Search Time


    Fakhorsadat Mohamadi


    Expansion of search query is aimed at improving the relevant [search] results or acquiring appropriate sources for current or future research. It takes place when users are dissatisfied with their search results or have obtained insufficient results. Vocabulary control tools headed by online thesauri are among the resources used for expanding search query. The present paper attempts to empirically demonstrate the impact of using terms from ERIC Online Thesaurus [ERICOT] in expanding search qu...

  8. Molecular characterization of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis isolates from food and human samples by serotyping, antimicrobial resistance, plasmid profiling, (GTG5-PCR and ERIC-PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Fardsanei


    Full Text Available In recent years, Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis has been a primary cause of human salmonellosis in many countries. The major objective of this study was to investigate genetic diversity among Salmonella Enteritidis strains from different origins (food and human by Enterobacterial Repetitive Intergenic Consensus (ERIC -PCR, as well as to assess their plasmid profiling and antimicrobial resistance. A total of 30 Salmonella Enteritidis isolates, 15 from food samples (chicken, lamb, beef and duck meats and 15 from clinical samples were collected in Tehran. Identification of isolates as Salmonella was confirmed by using conventional standard biochemical and serological tests. Multiplex-PCR was used for serotyping of isolates to identify Salmonella Enteritidis. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to 16 agents founds drug resistance patterns among Salmonella Enteritidis isolates. No resistance was observed to cephalexin, ceftriaxone, ceftazidime and cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, imipenem or meropenem, chloramphenicol and gentamicin. The highest resistance (96.7% was observed to nitrofurantoin. Seven plasmid profiles (P1–P7 were detected, and a 68-kb plasmid was found in all isolates. Two different primers; ERIC and (GTG5 were used for genotyping, which each produced four profiles. The majority of clinical and food isolates fell into two separate common types (CTs with a similar percentage of 95% by ERIC-PCR. Using primer (GTG5, 29 isolates incorporated in three CTs with 70% of isolates showing a single banding pattern. Limited genetic diversity among human and food isolates of Salmonella Enteritidis may indicate that contaminated foods were possibly the source of human salmonellosis. These results confirmed that ERIC-PCR genotyping has limited discriminatory power for Salmonella Enteritidis of different origin.

  9. Claire Shen Hsiu-chen, L’Encre et l’Ecran. A la recherche de la stylistique cinématographique chinoise, Hou Hsiao-hsien et Zhang Yimou (Ink and the Screen : In Search of Chinese Film Stylistics, Hou Hsiao-hsien and Zhang Yimou)


    Reynaud, Bérénice


    Reading Claire Shen Hsiu-chen gave me the impression several times of discovering a kindred spirit, so closely does the first part of her book confirm some of my analyses. Like her, I sought to scrutinise the Chinese pictorial and cosmological tradition in order to find the origins of Hou Hsiao-hsien’s directing, which is both specific to an original author and rooted in Taiwanese history and tradition. We have read the same texts (those of François Chen, Noel Burch, Michel Chion and Yeh Yueh...

  10. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice


    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  11. Genotyping and genetic diversity of Arcobacter butzleri and Arcobacter cryaerophilus isolated from different sources by using ERIC-PCR from India. (United States)

    Ramees, Thadiyam Puram; Rathore, Ramswaroop Singh; Bagalkot, Prashanth Suresh; Sailo, Blessa; Mohan, Hosakote Venkatappa; Kumar, Ashok; Dhama, Kuldeep; Singh, Raj Kumar


    Arcobacters are important zoonotic pathogens and are transmitted through food and water. They are implicated in causing enteritis in animals and humans. Among the Arcobacter species, a wide genetic diversity has been documented, which reflects continuous evolving nature of these pathogens. To genotype and to know the genetic diversity of Arcobacter spp. (Arcobacter butzleri and Arcobacter cryaerophilus) isolated from different sources in India. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) was performed using genomic DNA of 49 Arcobacter isolates (27 A. butzleri and 22 A. cryaerophilus), recovered from a total of 506 samples of chicken meat, poultry skin, dairy cow milk and human stool as template and employing published primers. ERIC sequence was found to be present in all the 27 A. butzleri isolates which were grouped into 18 subtypes, while it was present in 20 out of 22 A. cryaerophilus isolates which were grouped into 14 subtypes. Less variation was observed within sequences of both the Arcobacter species as revealed in dendrogram analysis. The genotyping of A. butzleri isolates showed the presence of 2-8 distinct bands (∼150 to ∼1600 bp), while A. cryaerophilus showed 1-10 distinct bands (∼120 to ∼2900 bp). This study is the first report regarding genetic diversity of Indian Arcobacter isolates using ERIC-PCR. Close clustering between arcobacters of human and animal origin are indicative of probable zoonotic significance. So for these purposes, further explorative studies are suggested which would also help revealing the possibility of epidemiological relationships of different Arcobacter spp. as well as their public health concerns.

  12. MARGA_Chen et al_2016 (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — These data describe the chromatography characteristics of the MARGA instrument software as compared to an alternative, independent technique for chromatogram...

  13. Immunogenicity of novel sulfadimethoxide conjugates | Chen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SDM antibodies are useful for the detection of residual SDM in foods, feeds and biological fluids by ELISA. In this study, we show that SDM is immunogenic in rabbits when it is conjugated with soy 11S globulin or with β- amylase. Rabbit ...

  14. Reinigung superhydrophober Oberflächen


    Dallmann, Silke


    The unique surface structure of the lotus leaf in combination with hydrophobic epicuticular wax crystalloids results in extreme water repellency and self-cleaning properties. In recent years biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated by mimicking the structure of the lotus leaf. The biggest problem of the fine surface roughness is the sensitivity to oily contaminants and mechanical stress which limit the application of technical superhydrophobic sur...

  15. Blazar Sequence in Fermi Era Liang Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    HSP) blazars indicates that this simple analysis should be problematic. So does the discovery of numerous low-power-low-sychrotron-peaked (LP-LSP) blazars. If a blazar has a less beaming jet, its synchrotron bump should peak at lower fre- quency and lower power. Therefore, beaming effect may account for HP-HSP and.

  16. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou


    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  17. A Bibliography of American Doctoral Dissertations in Bilingual Education and English as a Second Language: 1968-1974. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 44. (United States)

    Jokovich, Nancy

    This bibliography is an outgrowth of a project undertaken in 1975 by the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics. The project was to update the bibliography of American doctoral dissertations in linguistics covering the years 1900-1964. Due to the large number of dissertations, the update was broken down into three parts, of which this…

  18. Teaching Archaeology. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brown, Gail William

    How could handchipped stones, ancient ruins, old broken dishes, and antiquated garbage help students learn about the world and themselves? Within archaeology, these seemingly irrelevant items can enlighten students about the world around them through science, culture, and history. When teaching archaeology in the classroom, educators can lead…

  19. From the ERIC Clearinghouse. (United States)

    TEACHING Exceptional Children, 1998


    Describes a set of three books on adapting instructional materials for use with special needs students. The books address: (1) an overview of curricular adaptations; (2) adaptation of reading and math materials for kindergarten through grade 5; and (3) adaptation of language arts, social studies, and science materials for grades 6 through 8. (DB)

  20. Bibliotherapy. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Abdullah, Mardziah Hayati

    This digest suggests that bibliotherapy is a potentially powerful method for school teachers and counselors to use on many levels and in every school grade. It begins with a brief review of the history of bibliotherapy; continues with a discussion of some approaches to bibliotherapy (interactive, clinical, and developmental); then addresses the…

  1. Clinical History of the Theranostic Radionuclide Approach to Neuroendocrine Tumors and Other Types of Cancer: Historical Review Based on an Interview of Eric P. Krenning by Rachel Levine. (United States)

    Levine, Rachel; Krenning, Eric P


    In nuclear medicine, the term theranostics describes the combination of therapy and diagnostic imaging. In practice, this concept dates back more than 50 years; however, among the most successful examples of theranostics are peptide receptor scintigraphy and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy of neuroendocrine tumors. The development of these modalities through the radiolabeling of somatostatin analogs with various radionuclides has led to a revolution in patient management and established a foundation for expansion of the theranostic principle into other oncology indications. This article provides a review of the evolution and development of the theranostic radionuclide approach to the management of neuroendocrine tumors, as described by the inventor of this technique, Eric P. Krenning, in an interview with Rachel Levine. © 2017 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

  2. Filosofía y violencia. Del absoluto a la acción en la Lógica de la filosofía de Eric Weil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Saldías Barrer


    Full Text Available Las tensiones y los vínculos posibles entre razón y violencia son un problema mayor para la filosofía. La obra de Eric Weil se consagra precisamente al análisis de las figuras históricas de dicha tensión, y su obra mayor, Logique de la Philosophie, desarrolla lo fundamental de dicho propósito. Se analiza la manera como Weil, desde la categoría de la acción –última categoría concreta de la filosofía–, en vínculo con las categorías precedentes (absoluto, obra, finito y con las categorías formales (sentido y sabiduría, enfrenta este desafío siempre nuevo para la filosofía.

  3. Reproducible diagnosis of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia by flow cytometry: an European Research Initiative on CLL (ERIC) & European Society for Clinical Cell Analysis (ESCCA) harmonisation project. (United States)

    Rawstron, Andy C; Kreuzer, Karl-Anton; Soosapilla, Asha; Spacek, Martin; Stehlikova, Olga; Gambell, Peter; McIver-Brown, Neil; Villamor, Neus; Psarra, Katherina; Arroz, Maria; Milani, Raffaella; de la Serna, Javier; Cedena, M Teresa; Jaksic, Ozren; Nomdedeu, Josep; Moreno, Carol; Rigolin, Gian Matteo; Cuneo, Antonio; Johansen, Preben; Johnsen, Hans E; Rosenquist, Richard; Niemann, Carsten Utoft; Kern, Wolfgang; Westerman, David; Trneny, Marek; Mulligan, Stephen; Doubek, Michael; Pospisilova, Sarka; Hillmen, Peter; Oscier, David; Hallek, Michael; Ghia, Paolo; Montserrat, Emili


    The diagnostic criteria for CLL rely on morphology and immunophenotype. Current approaches have limitations affecting reproducibility and there is no consensus on the role of new markers. The aim of this project was to identify reproducible criteria and consensus on markers recommended for the diagnosis of CLL. ERIC/ESCCA members classified 14 of 35 potential markers as "required" or "recommended" for CLL diagnosis, consensus being defined as >75% and >50% agreement, respectively. An approach to validate "required" markers using normal peripheral blood was developed. Responses were received from 150 participants with a diagnostic workload >20 CLL cases per week in 23/150 (15%), 5-20 in 82/150 (55%) and 97% concordance with current approaches. A pilot study to validate staining quality was completed in eleven centres. Markers considered as "required" for the diagnosis of CLL by the participants in this study (CD19, CD5, CD20, CD23, Kappa and Lambda) are consistent with current diagnostic criteria and practice. Importantly, a reproducible approach to validate and apply these markers in individual laboratories has been identified. Finally, a consensus "recommended" panel of markers to refine diagnosis in borderline cases (CD43, CD79b, CD81, CD200, CD10, ROR1) has been defined and will be prospectively evaluated. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2017 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

  4. [Strategies for biobank networks. Classification of different approaches for locating samples and an outlook on the future within the BBMRI-ERIC]. (United States)

    Lablans, Martin; Kadioglu, Dennis; Mate, Sebastian; Leb, Ines; Prokosch, Hans-Ulrich; Ückert, Frank


    Medical research projects often require more biological material than can be supplied by a single biobank. For this reason, a multitude of strategies support locating potential research partners with matching material without requiring centralization of sample storage. Classification of different strategies for biobank networks, in particular for locating suitable samples. Description of an IT infrastructure combining these strategies. Existing strategies can be classified according to three criteria: (a) granularity of sample data: coarse bank-level data (catalogue) vs. fine-granular sample-level data, (b) location of sample data: central (central search service) vs. decentral storage (federated search services), and (c) level of automation: automatic (query-based, federated search service) vs. semi-automatic (inquiry-based, decentral search). All mentioned search services require data integration. Metadata help to overcome semantic heterogeneity. The "Common Service IT" in BBMRI-ERIC (Biobanking and BioMolecular Resources Research Infrastructure) unites a catalogue, the decentral search and metadata in an integrated platform. As a result, researchers receive versatile tools to search suitable biomaterial, while biobanks retain a high degree of data sovereignty. Despite their differences, the presented strategies for biobank networks do not rule each other out but can complement and even benefit from each other.

  5. Pictorial Real, Historical Intermedial. Digital Aesthetics and the Representation of History in Eric Rohmer’s The Lady and the Duke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tagliani Giacomo


    Full Text Available In The Lady and the Duke (2001, Eric Rohmer provides an unusual and “conservative” account of the French Revolution by recurring to classical and yet “revolutionary” means. The interpolation between painting and film produces a visual surface which pursues a paradoxical effect of immediacy and verisimilitude. At the same time though, it underscores the represented nature of the images in a complex dynamic of “reality effect” and critical meta-discourse. The aim of this paper is the analysis of the main discursive strategies deployed by the film to disclose an intermedial effectiveness in the light of its original digital aesthetics. Furthermore, it focuses on the problematic relationship between image and reality, deliberately addressed by Rohmer through the dichotomy simulation/illusion. Finally, drawing on the works of Louis Marin, it deals with the representation of history and the related ideology, in order to point out the film’s paradoxical nature, caught in an undecidability between past and present.

  6. Reflexiones y Experiencias desde las entrañas del Islamismo Militante. Análisis de la biografía de Eric Breininguer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Cano Paños


    Full Text Available El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es analizar el proceso de radicalización yihadista de un joven converso nacido y crecido en Occidente. Se trata del caso de Eric Breininger, un individuo alemán que en abril de 2010 encontró la muerte en la región de Waziristán en el transcurso de un combate contra soldados pakistaníes. La base del siguiente trabajo está constituida por las memorias del joven alemán, las cuales fueron publicadas en Internet días después del anuncio de su muerte. Dichas memorias suponen sin duda un documento de trascendental importancia que permiten acercarse al proceso de radicalización de un individuo de origen occidental. Asimismo, ofrecen una visión muy cercana de la vida cotidiana de aquellos individuos radicalizados que en la primera línea del frente libran su particular batalla –en algunos casos sacrificando incluso su propia vida– en defensa de su particular visión del Islam.

  7. I Maestri dei maestri. Scuola, società, critica in Interesting Times di Eric Hobsbawm e Out of Place di Edward Said.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Pala


    Full Text Available Due fra gli intellettuali più famosi e significativi del Novecento, il filologo e comparatista  Edward Said e lo storico Eric Hobsbawm, esponenti di una critica militante e attenta alla sfera sociale, si confrontano con il passato attraverso le rispettive autobiografie – Out of Place (Said 1999 e Interesting Times (Hobsbawm 2002 - in cui non solo tracciano un bilancio di un’esistenza privata, quanto di un intero periodo storico: siamo di fronte a opere autobiografiche, ma dotate anche di un marcato carattere metanarrativo, riflessioni introvertite sul raccontare, fare storia e sulle motivazioni alla base dell’attività critica.Proprio su questo sfondo, non può sfuggire come i due lavori dedichino molto spazio alle esperienze scolastiche: la scuola- anzi le scuole, rigorosamente al plurale sia per Said che per Hobsbawm- corrispondono infatti a diverse forme di socialità, segnalano ambienti diversi in senso cronologico e geografico, contrassegnati da costumi e ordinamenti eterogenei; rappresentano inoltre l’incontro con l’autorità costituita al di fuori dalla famiglia, e marcano così il progresso verso una piena autocoscienza dell’individuo nel contesto materiale della sua collocazione storica e culturale. In altre parole, sono proprio le scuole a scandire in primo luogo il processo di maturazione dei due autori in questione. E poiché sia Said che Hobsbawm elaborano un proprio stile molto personale nei rispettivi campi d’azione, non siamo di fronte a una scrittura ingenua; c’è un’evidente struttura retorica che sostiene questa narrazione di sé.

  8. Women and Entrepreneurship. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kerka, Sandra

    The spectrum of women-owned businesses ranges from full corporations to microenterprises. Women business owners share many characteristics and motivations of business owners generally; other factors are dissatisfaction with "glass ceiling" limits, desire for job flexibility, and age discrimination. Women entrepreneurs often face barriers…

  9. Mental Retardation. ERIC Digest #423. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.

    A brief overview of mental retardation defines the concept, discusses incidence in the general population, describes characteristics of mentally retarded individuals, and discusses educational implications. References for further reading, as well as organizational resources, are provided. (JW)

  10. Understanding Sensory Integration. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    DiMatties, Marie E.; Sammons, Jennifer H.

    This brief paper summarizes what is known about sensory integration and sensory integration dysfunction (DSI). It outlines evaluation of DSI, treatment approaches, and implications for parents and teachers, including compensatory strategies for minimizing the impact of DSI on a child's life. Review of origins of sensory integration theory in the…

  11. Software Copyright Interpretation. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Finkel, LeRoy


    This digest presents a reprint of an article which addresses the issue of the rights of computer software owners to duplicate materials. A conservative approach to software copyright is taken which looks to how the law will likely be interpreted, rather than waiting for the definitive decision by a court. Three major issues involved with software…

  12. Children and Grief. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McEntire, Nancy

    Noting that the death of a loved one brings grief to children as well as adults, this Digest draws on research to examine how children respond to death and the role of parents and teachers in helping children cope with loss. The Digest delineates children's "tasks" during mourning that are essential to their adjustment to loss, such as…

  13. In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biomineralization at the Fracture/Matrix Interface – Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric E. Roden


    Although the biogeochemical processes underlying in situ bioremediation technologies are increasingly well understood, field-scale heterogeneity (both physical and biogeochemical) remains a major obstacle to successful field-scale implementation. In particular, slow release of contamination from low-permeability regions (primarily by diffusive/dispersive mass transfer) can hinder the effectiveness of remediation. The research described in this report was conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biomineralization at the Fracture/Matrix Interface”, which was funded through the Field Research element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. Timothy Scheibe (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) was the overall PI/PD for the project, which included Scott Brooks (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) and Eric Roden (formerly at The University of Alabama, now at the University of Wisconsin) as separately-funded co-PIs. The overall goal of the project was to evaluate strategies that target bioremediation at interfaces between high- and low-permeability regions of an aquifer in order to minimize the rate of contaminant transfer into high-permeability/high fluid flow zones. The research was conducted at the Area 2 site of the Field Research Center (FRC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Area 2 is a shallow pathway for migration of contaminated groundwater to seeps in the upper reach of Bear Creek at ORNL, mainly through a ca. 1 m thick layer of gravel located 4-5 m below the ground surface. Hydrological tracer studies indicate that the gravel layer receives input of uranium from both upstream sources and from diffusive mass transfer out of highly contaminated fill and saprolite materials above and below the gravel layer. We sought to test the hypothesis that injection of electron donor into

  14. ERIC Abstracts: ERIC Document Resumes on Energy Conservation and the Schools ERIC Abstract Series, Number 35. (United States)

    American Association of School Administrators, Washington, DC. National Academy for School Executives.

    Documents previously announced in Resources in Education (RIE) concerning energy conservation discuss the current energy crisis and its implications for the public schools, offer practical suggestions for reducing energy consumption, and examine the efficiency of various energy systems. The index terms used to select the documents are…

  15. Antioxidant activities of seed extracts from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Sep 21, 2011 ... luxurious furniture and crafts, but also used in the pharmaceutical industry. The dried heartwood or root of the plant is an important traditional Chinese medicine ..... concentrations (Brand et al., 1995). However, the PE and BE did not show a leveling off with increasing concentration. As a result, the radical.

  16. Mitochondrial genome of Taiwan pig ( Sus Scrofa ) | Chen | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the Taiwan Lanyu pig (Sus scrofa) and its phylogenetic relationships with other pig breeds. Thirty-four forward and reverse primers were designed. Sequencing was performed in both directions. The results showed ...

  17. Food Fortification to Prevent and Control Iron Deficiency | Chen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development ... of increasing the level of iron consumption resulting in improved nutritional status. ... followed by a description of ways of protecting and enhancing the absorption of fortification ...

  18. Massive Star Formation: Accreting from Companion X. Chen1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    system composed of a diffuse object (possible nebulae or UC HII region) and a Massive Young Stellar Object (MYSO) seen in Spitzer IRAC image. The diffuse object and MYSO are connected by the ... Infrared: ISM—stars: formation—ISM: jets and outflows. 1. Introduction. The dynamics processes in Massive Star Formation ...

  19. Food Fortification to Prevent and Control Iron Deficiency | Chen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is essential to prevent the fortification iron from reacting with the absorption inhibitors. To ensure adequate absorption therefore, various factors must be considered before initiating a fortification programme. These include cost effectiveness of fortification in increasing absorbable iron, palatability of the fortified food and the ...

  20. C. Huang , G. Zhao , HW Zhang & YQ Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    to get near to their central stars (Udry et al. 2003). The facts imply that maybe the. [Si/Fe]-high cloud would not be easy to form massive planets. The extrasolar planet systems' discoveries may be influenced by the selection effects. However, most of the. [Si/Fe]-rich planet hosts gather inside 1 AU of semimajor and their ...

  1. Initiation and Propagation of Coronal Mass Ejections P. F. Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , which is generated at the tachocline layer, emerges throughout the convection zone and the lower atmosphere into the tenuous corona. The coronal field keeps adjusting to a more and more complex magnetic structure in a quasi-steady way.

  2. Dynamics of fractional-ordered Chen system with delay

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of fractional calculus to various branches of science and engineering have been real- ized only recently. It is becoming more and more clear that derivatives and integrals of non-integer orders are not mere mathematical curiosities but many processes, such as dielectric polarization [1], diffusion [2–5], viscoelastic systems [6] ...

  3. Análisis bibliométrico sobre el Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas (ABP en la educación superior a partir de la base de datos ERIC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Menéndez Varela


    Full Text Available El estudio bibliométrico descriptivo que sigue presenta tendencias de investigación sobre el aprendizaje basado en problemas entre 1974 y 2009. Se sirve de la base de datos ERIC y trabaja con una muestra de 1007 documentos. Se analizan los registros a tenor de cuatro variables: el año de publicación o realización, la titulación, el área de conocimiento y la tipología de investigación. En cuanto a la producción científica, pueden diferenciarse tres fases: la primera, de 1974 a 1989, supone el inicio de las publicaciones y muestra escasa relevancia estadística; la segunda, de crecimiento, durante la década de los 90 del pasado siglo; y la última, de maduración, desde el año 2000 hasta el año 2009. La distribución de los registros por sectores de conocimiento destaca Ciencias de la Salud, Ciencias Sociales y Enseñanzas Técnicas. Las titulaciones en las que más ha proliferado el ABP son Medicina, Económicas, Empresariales, Pedagogía, Formación del Profesorado y el conjunto de las ingenierías.

  4. Micro/nano-particles and Cells: Manipulation, Transport, and Self-assembly (United States)


    Transport, IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, (01 2013): 300. doi: 10.1109/TMAG.2012.2224850 Nima Jokilaakso, Eric Salm, Aaron Chen, Larry Millet, Carlos...08/21/2012 08/21/2012 10/04/2013 10/04/2013 10/17/2014 10/22/2014 10.00 17.00 18.00 Received Paper 5.00 6.00 9.00 Nima Jokilaakso,Eric Salm, Aaron

  5. Iodometric and Molecular Detection of ESBL Production Among Clinical Isolates of E. coli Fingerprinted by ERIC-PCR: The First Egyptian Report Declares the Emergence of E. coli O25b-ST131clone Harboring blaGES. (United States)

    El-Badawy, Mohamed F; Tawakol, Wael M; Maghrabi, Ibrahim A; Mansy, Moselhy S; Shohayeb, Mohamed M; Ashour, Mohammed S


    The extensive use of β-lactam antibiotics has led to emergence and spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of 7 different ESBL genes (bla TEM , bla SHV , bla CTX-M , bla VEB , bla PER , bla GES , and bla OXA-10 ) and O25b-ST131 high-risk clone among 61 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli. Also, one broad-spectrum β-lactamase (bla OXA-1 ) was investigated. This study was also constructed to evaluate iodometric overlay method in detection of ESBL production. Phenotypic identification of E. coli isolates using API 20E revealed 18 distinct biotypes. DNA fingerprinting using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) differentiated all isolates into 2 main phylogenetic groups with 60 distinct genetic profiles. Elevated values of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) 50 and MIC 90 for third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins were observed. Phenotypic tests revealed that 85.24% of isolates were ESBL producers. The incidence rates of bla TEM , bla SHV , bla CTX-M , bla GES , bla OXA-1 , and bla OXA-10 among E. coli ESBL producer phenotype were 69.23%, 25%, 96.15%, 3.85%, 11.54%, and 48%, respectively. On the other hand, bla VEB and bla PER were not detected. Sequencing of bla TEM and bla SHV revealed that bla TEM-214 and bla SHV-11 were the most prevalent variants. Group characterization of bla CTX-M revealed that bla CTX-M-1 was the most prevalent group of bla CTX-M family. It was found that 30.77% of E. coli ESBL producers belonged to O25b-ST131 clone harboring bla CTX-M-15 . This study concluded that iodometric overlay method was 100% sensitive in detection of ESBL production. To our knowledge, this is the first Egyptian study that declares the emergence of E. coli O25b-ST131 harboring bla GES .

  6. Induction of a Pregnancy-Like Mammary Gland Differentiation by Docosapentaenoic Omega-3 Fatty Acid (United States)


    are differentially affected by dietary remediation. Behav Brain Res 152:49-57. 17. Feng , L., Hatten, M.E. and Heintz, N. 1994. Brain lipid-binding...of ER- Yuenian Eric Shi,*† Yiding Chen,‡ Raduwan Dackour,* Louis Potters,* Shui Wang,† Qiang Ding,† Zhaoyi Wang,§ and Yiliang Ellie Liu* From the

  7. Estonia beyond the edge / Eric Kluitenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric


    Festivali "Interstanding" üks initsiaatoreid arutleb 1990. aastate meedia festivalidel käsitletud teemade tähendusest eesti kultuurile ja selle identiteedile. 1999. aastal toimunud kolmanda festivali teemaks oli "Ülalpool piire - põgenemine marginaalsuse eest". Eestist saanud uute poliitilis-majanduslike ja globaalkultuuriliste võrgustike osa, olles olnud omamoodi vahetsooniks

  8. Second Language Classroom Research. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Nunan, David

    The purpose of second (or foreign) language classroom research is to answer important questions about the learning and teaching of foreign languages. This kind of research collects data from genuine language classrooms or from experimental settings sometimes established to replicate what takes place in the classroom. Classroom research can focus…

  9. Teaching about Democratic Constitutionalism. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patrick, John J.

    There are more than 100 democracies in the world today. All but three of them--Great Britain, Israel, and New Zealand --have written constitutions. This digest examines the importance of constitutions and constitutionalism and the teaching of these concepts through the use of comparisons. The primary objectives of civic education for democratic…

  10. Teaching about the Built Environment. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Graves, Ginny

    Critical thinking, responsible citizenship, cultural literacy, social relevancy; these concerns of educators in the social studies can be addressed through teaching and learning about the built environment. The tangible structures that humans have created (bridges, houses, factories, farms, monuments) constitute the built environment. Objects in…

  11. Erice Lectures on Black Holes and Attractors

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Marrani, A


    These lectures give an elementary introduction to the subject of four dimensional black holes (BHs) in supergravity and the Attractor Mechanism in the extremal case. Some thermodynamical properties are discussed and some relevant formulae for the critical points of the BH effective potential are given. The case of Maxwell-Einstein-axion-dilaton (super)gravity is discussed in detail. Analogies among BH entropy and multipartite entanglement of qubits in quantum information theory, as well moduli spaces of extremal BH attractors, are also discussed.

  12. Video Games and Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard

    This digest examines data on video game use by children, explains ratings of video game violence, and reviews research on the effects of video games on children and adolescents. A recent study of seventh and eighth graders found that 65% of males and 57% of females played 1 to 6 hours of video games at home per week, and 38% of males and 16% of…

  13. Total Quality Management in Libraries. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Masters, Denise G.

    Total Quality Management (TQM) is "a system of continuous improvement employing participative management and centered on the needs of customers." Key components of TQM are employee involvement and training, problem-solving teams, statistical methods, long-term goals and thinking, and recognition that the system, not people, produces…

  14. Child Labor in Agriculture. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Davis, Shelley

    An estimated 200,000-800,000 children and adolescents work in the United States as migrant agricultural laborers, either alone or with their families. This digest describes the statutory and economic factors contributing to the presence of children in the fields and the impact of this labor on their health and educational progress. The Fair Labor…

  15. Stress and Young Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Jewett, Jan; Peterson, Karen

    Traditionally, stress has been defined in terms of its sourceinternal, such as hunger, pain, sensitivity to noise; and externalseparation from family, change in family composition, exposure to conflict or violence. Although the research literature tends to focus on the impact of single-variable stressors on children's development, in real-life…

  16. Language Teaching Methodology. ERIC Issue Paper. (United States)

    Rodgers, Theodore S.

    This paper gives an overview of 10 directions language teachers might take in the future. After providing background on the history of language teaching, language teaching methodology is defined and a distinction is made between methodologies and approaches. Next, the 10 scenarios are briefly described. They include the following: teacher/learner…

  17. Liderazgo etico (Ethical Leadership). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Until very recently, ethical issues were given little attention in administrator-preparation programs. This digest in Spanish outlines the ethical responsibilities of school leaders and the dilemmas that they face. It offers the following suggestions for resolving ethical dilemmas: (1) Leaders should have and be willing to act on a definite sense…

  18. Liderazgo visionario (Visionary Leadership). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    "Vision" is one of the most frequently used buzzwords in the education literature of the 1990s. This digest in Spanish presents an overview of visionary leadership, which many education experts consider to be a make-or-break task for the school leader. It discusses various definitions of vision, the significance of vision for…

  19. Multiple Intelligences: Gardner's Theory. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brualdi, Amy C.

    This digest discusses the origins of Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences, his definition of intelligence, the incorporation of the theory into the classroom, and its role in alternative assessment practices. Gardner defines intelligence as the "capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more…

  20. Fluxus, Eric Andersen and the Communist East

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Meijden, Peter Alexander


    Artiklen beskriver forskellige turnéer, foretaget af Fluxusmedlemmer i kommunistisk Østeuropa og Sovjetunionen i løbet af 1960erne, og diskuterer dem i lystet af Fluxus-generalsekretær George Maciunas' holdning over for kommunismen....

  1. Political Communication via the Media. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Aiex, Nola Kortner; Gottlieb, Stephen S.

    Noting that critics charge that news reporting focuses on the superficial, personal characteristics of candidates and ignores the issues underlying elections, this Digest examines the relationship between the political process and political communication through the media. It addresses the power of advertising, cyberspace political communication,…

  2. Helping Parents Prevent Lead Poisoning. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Binns, Helen J.; Ricks, Omar Benton

    Children are at greater risk than adults for lead poisoning because children absorb lead more readily than adults, and a small amount of lead in children's bodies can do a great deal of harm. Some of the causes and effects of childhood lead poisoning and suggests some lead poisoning prevention strategies that parent educators can share with…

  3. Measuring Leadership Potential. ERIC Digest, Number 115. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Today there are dozens of instruments that claim to measure leadership capacities. Although every instrument has limitations and must be used carefully, the tests can be used to identify leadership potential. This digest summarizes the reasons for using formal assessments, the attributes measured by such tests, the ways in which leadership…

  4. Parenting Style and Its Correlates. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Darling, Nancy

    One of the most robust approaches to researching parents' influence on children's social competence is the study of what has been called "parenting style." Parenting style captures two important elements of parenting: parental responsiveness and parental demandingness. Categorizing parents according to whether they are high or low on…

  5. Estonia President, Obama Discuss Cybersecurity / Eric Chabrow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Chabrow, Eric


    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kohtus 15. juunil 2009 Washingtonis USA presidendi Barack Obamaga. Riigipead arutasid küberkaitse küsimusi. Eesti president avaldas Ühendriikidele tänu abi eest küberkaitsekeskuse loomisel Tallinnasse. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Ameerika Ühendriikides 9.-16.06.2009

  6. Biotechnology Education and the Internet. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lee, Thomas

    The world of modern biotechnology is based on recent developments in molecular biology, especially those in genetic engineering. Since this is a relatively new and rapidly advancing field of study, there are few traditional sources of information and activities. This digest highlights biotechnology resources including those that can be found on…

  7. Eric Kandel: the Future of Memory

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kandel, Erik


    .... In addition to his well-lauded, ongoing research at Columbia University Medical Center’s New York State Psychiatric Institute, Kandel has written several books on neurobiology, behavior, and memory...

  8. Substance Abuse Policy. ERIC Digest, Number 80. (United States)

    Gaustad, Joan

    Substance abuse affects American children across all geographic and economic boundaries and has been linked to poor academic performance, truancy, and dropping out. Schools lacking clear alcohol and drug policies are more likely to experience problems with substance abuse. A districtwide substance abuse policy makes a public statement that…

  9. A Science Fair Companion. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McCann, Wendy Sherman

    This digest comments on various aspects of school science fairs. General expectations for science fair projects and participants are discussed, and tips for choosing a topic and completing a project are given. Organizational strategies for teachers charged with conducting science fairs are presented. Guidelines for parents in helping children with…

  10. Authorship Ethics. ERIC/AE Digest. (United States)

    Syrett, Kristen L.; Rudner, Lawrence M.

    The key ethical standards for authorship of educational research are summarized, drawing on "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Adopted by more than 500 scientific and biomedical journals, these standards are effective guidelines for…

  11. Gauge theory and renormalization (Erice, August 1994)


    Hooft, G. 't


    Early developments leading to renormalizable non-Abelian gauge theories for the weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions, are discussed from a personal viewpoint. They drastically improved our view of the role of field theory, symmetry and topology, as well as other branches of mathematics, in the world of elementary particles.

  12. Media Ethics: Some Specific Problems. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gottlieb, Stephen S.

    This digest identifies some of the ethical issues which appeared in the mass media in the 1980s and discusses the implications which these issues have for the law and for those who already work in or study the mass media, as well as for those college students contemplating a career in journalism or broadcasting. (NKA)

  13. Creating Self-Portraits. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Redekopp, Dave E.; And Others

    Creating Self-Portraits is an individual and/or group career development tool designed to assess without testing. Researchers have found that testing can be counter-productive; once clients were labelled, they frequently stopped self-examination. A tool was needed that would help people understand themselves in a way that would encourage further…

  14. Teaching the Declaration of Independence. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patrick, John J.

    The Declaration of Independence is the founding document of the United States. It is part of the social studies core curriculum in U.S. schools. By the time they graduate from high school, students are expected to know the main ideas in the Declaration of Independence and their significance. This digest discusses: (1) the origins of the…

  15. Advertising in the Schools. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Aidman, Amy

    This digest reviews the recent history of advertising to children, spotlights controversial marketing efforts, and examines the nature of commercial messages directed toward children in public schools. Because of the increase in children's spending power in recent decades, advertisers have closely targeted children as consumers. Advertising…

  16. Self-Mutilation. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Simpson, Chris

    Self-mutilation has been most commonly seen as a diagnostic indicator for borderline personality disorder. However, practitioners have more recently observed self-harming behavior among those individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, multiple personality disorder, borderline personality disorder,…

  17. Severe Disabilities. ERIC Digest #311. Revised. (United States)

    Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.

    This digest defines the term "severe disabilities"; lists some typical behavioral characteristics of individuals with severe disabilities, such as self-mutilation and lack of self-care skills; and outlines the educational implications of severe disabilities. The digest stresses the need for a multidisciplinary approach to education; the…

  18. Teaching about Western Europe. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gaunt, Philip

    Recent historical events have made it increasingly important to strengthen the study of Western Europe in U.S. schools. With full integration of the European Community after 1992, with the unification of the two Germanys, and with the newly democratic states of the old Soviet bloc seeking some form of association with the European Economic…

  19. Neuropsychological Assessment in Schools. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Merz, William R., Sr.; And Others

    The nature of neuropsychological assessment and its application in the school environment are discussed. Neuropsychology is the study of how the brain and nervous system affect thinking and behavior. A complete neuropsychological assessment requires gathering and analyzing information on a child's: (1) physical, social, and psychological…

  20. Children's Nutrition and Learning. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This digest reviews research on the link between children's nutrition and their ability to learn from the prenatal through school years. It also discusses the importance of nutrition education for children. The need for adequate nutrition during pregnancy and the preschool years is highlighted by research that indicates that low birthweight…

  1. An Introduction to Content Analysis. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Stemler, Steve

    This digest provides an introduction to content analysis, a systematic, replicable technique for compressing many words of a text into fewer content categories based on explicit rules of coding. This allows inferences to be made that can then be corroborated using other methods of data collection. In a technical sense, content analysis is not…

  2. Retraso Mental. Traduccion de ERIC EC Digest #528. (Mental Retardation. Translation of ERIC EC Digest #528). (United States)

    Hawkins-Shepard, Charlotte

    This fact sheet presents basic information on mental retardation for Spanish-speaking educators and others. First, definitions from the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR) are presented. The fact sheet then analyzes how the new AAMR definitions differ from earlier ones,…

  3. Outdoor Education, a Selected Bibliography (with ERIC Abstracts). ERIC/CRESS Supplement No. 5. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.

    A supplement to 5 previous bibliographies, this bibliography provides access to some of the latest resource material, research findings, and/or developments in outdoor education. Part I contains 143 citations and abstracts which appeared in "Resources in Education" (RIE) from the January 1975 issue through the December 1975 issue. Part…

  4. The Internet, The Hidden Web, and Useful Web Resources: ERIC, ERIC/CASS, & The Virtual Library. (United States)

    Kirkman, Chris; Frady, Allen; Walz, Garry R.

    Counselors and educators face a constant struggle to keep abreast of the vast amounts of new information available, assessing this information, and continuing to gather even more information. Individual's information searching strategies often take considerable time and cause considerable frustration in getting the results wanted. While increasing…

  5. Chen et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):15-22

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    x300mm,Japan ) column. The columns were eluted with 0.1M nitric acid and calibrated with ..... Mushiake, H, Tsunoda, T, Nukatsuka,M, Shimao K, Fukushima M, Tahara H. (2005). Dendritic cells might be one of key factors for eliciting antitumor ...

  6. Chen et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):15-22

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    1Medical School of Taizhou University, Taizhou, Zhejiang 318000, China, 2College of .... 3 ml of ice-cold staining buffer was then added with the incubation for 5 min at 4℃ followed by 200 ..... Timeline: Chemotherapy and the war on cancer.

  7. Modellierung von Oberflächen mit Diskontinuitäten (United States)

    Borkowski, Andrzej

    The laser scanning provides very dense information about the surface to be modelled in the form of a irregularly distributed points cloud {x, y, z} from R3. Such dense information makes possible an efficient modelling of characteristic structures of the terrain surface like discontinuities, which are necessary for high-qualitative description of the surface. Simultaneously, the points not belonging to the modelled surface (for example: reflexes from buildings, trees etc.) stand a very important influence on the obtained data. During the modelling process, such data should be effectively filtered from the whole data set. The laser scanning data can be efficiently elaborated by the use of deformable models of curves and surfaces. These models base on the physical principle of energy-minimizing and are presented as the solution of variational problem. The total energy consists both of internal and external energy. The external energy, depending on a context is generated by the data; in most cases it describes a deviation between the data and a model. The algorithms and approaches developed in this work have been tested on real data sets obtained by a laser scanning. Furthermore, a qualitative consideration of a modelling has been given. Finally, some hints for user according the steering and operating of the approaches have been presented.

  8. Reaktionen gesättigter Kohlenwasserstoffe in der Gasphase und an Oberflächen


    Ryll, Thomas


    In der vorliegenden Arbeit konnte erstmals gezeigt werden, dass die Konvertierung von Methan zu Acetylen mit Ausbeuten von über 99 % und Selektivitäten größer als 200:1 mit dem Einsatz von „continious wave“ (cw) Mikrowellenplasmen großtechnisch möglich ist. Im Gegensatz zu vorangegangenen Arbeiten[1,3,5,6] konnte der Vorteil von cw Mikrowellenplasmen in Bezug auf Ausbeute und Selektivität herausgestellt werden. Die vielfach beschriebenen Probleme der Rußbildung[7,8] konnten mit dem Einsatz d...

  9. In search of low cost titanium: the fray farthing chen (FFC) cambridge process

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, SJ


    Full Text Available . Topics explored include the history of the process, attempts at commercial- ization, NASA?s alternative application, and present status of the process. Keywords FFC Cambridge, titanium, molten salt. * Materials Science and Manufacturing, CSIR.... Oxygen production for rocket propulsion promises by far the greatest cost and mass saving of any off-world in situ resource utilization (ISRU). Since the 1960s most work on lunar resource utilization focused on the mineral ilmenite (FeTiO3...

  10. Untersuchung der Nährstoffauswaschung unter Schotterrasenflächen an einem inneralpinen Standort (United States)

    Slawitsch, Veronika; Birk, Steffen; Pötsch, Erich M.


    Surface stabilisation by planted gravel turf is a reliable alternative to conventionally-paved parking lots. At the HBLFA Raumberg-Gumpenstein test site, biennial nutrient concentrations in seepage water and nutrient leachate fluxes were analysed using six gravity lysimeters. Two different materials (limestone with 10 % humus and recycled building material with 10 % compost) were investigated. Seepage water fluxes showed better infiltration for lime gravel materials in comparison to recycled building materials. The nutrient concentrations and leachate flux showed significantly higher values in the recycled building materials in both years of the experiment. Both materials showed a decrease in nutrient concentration and leaching from the first to the second year. The nitrate threshold concentration given by the drinking water directive (Trinkwasserverordnung BGBI. I Nr. 21/2001) was met for lime materials but was exceeded by a factor of three for recycled building materials within the first year. In terms of groundwater protection, the high risk of nitrate leaching in the first year has to be considered if using recycled building material.

  11. On the automatic link between affect and tendencies to approach and avoid : Chen and Bargh revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rotteveel, M.; Gierholz, A.; Koch, G.; van Aalst, C.; Pinto, Y.; Matzke, D.; Steingroever, H.; Verhagen, J.; Beek, T.F.; Selker, R.; Sasiadek, A.; Wagenmakers, E.-J.


    Within the literature on emotion and behavioral action, studies on approach-avoidance take up a prominent place. Several experimental paradigms feature successful conceptual replications but many original studies have not yet been replicated directly. We present such a direct replication attempt of

  12. Über Schwächen und Stärken des Völkerrechts


    Kunig, Philip


    Zu beiden Fragen für das deutsche Rechtssystem Philip Kunig, Verfassungsrecht und einfaches Recht ― Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit und Fachgerichtsbarkeit, in: Veröffentlichungen der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer 61 (2001), 34

  13. In search of low cost titanium: the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, SJ


    Full Text Available of aggressive/reactive chemicals to deliver “titanium sponge”, which requires capital and labor intensive product recovery, handling and processing. The batches of titanium sponge are produced over several days in steel vessels, delivering around 10 tons... in technology transfer, innovation management and investment rounds from seed to IPO. 2002 – 2003 COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR, HEAD PORTER, CAMBRIDGE, UK • Head Porter is a wireless technology start-up company founded by four students at the University...

  14. Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners in Mussel and other mollusc from Da Chen Island, East China Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, S.G.; Xi, Z.Q.; Xu, X.B [Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Academia Sinica, Beijing (China)


    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are among the most persistent and toxic pollutants in environment. Determination of these contaminants in fish, shellfish and other mollusc is very important, not only because these aquatics are important food for mankind, but also because they can bioconcentrate contaminants preferentially in their adipose tissue, and serve as biomarker of the aquatic pollution. Mussels and oysters have been widely used to monitor the pollution in the coastal environment. The aim of the study was to investigate the concentrations and the main source of PCBs in mussels and other mollusca from the coastal areas of East China Sea. 10 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Pemberian Suaka Diplomatik Kepada Tahanan Rumah Chen Guang Cheng Oleh Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat Di Beijing


    Wulandari, Ayu Indah


    Asylum is the grant of protection granted by a State to an individual or more who requests it and the reason why the individual or individuals are protected is based on humanitarian, religious, racial, political, and so forth (refugee grounds; Ride on life) and Intervention is a form of state intervention on the affairs or sovereignty of another State. The purpose of this study is to Know and understand the suitability between the grant of Diplomatic Asylum conducted by the United States E...

  16. Verfahren zur Identifizierung von oberflächen-adhäsiven Peptidsequenzen


    Grunwald, Ingo; Colombi Ciacchi, Lucio; Steckbeck, Sascha


    Characterizing surface adhesive properties of a peptide or protein by: providing a sample mixture containing two or more peptide fragments of a peptide or protein; determining the masses of the peptide fragments by a mass spectrometry and creating a reference peptide mass fingerprint; applying the sample mixture in an inorganic or organic substrate surface with respect to the surface adhesive properties; determining the masses of the peptide fragments not bound to the substrate surface and cr...

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Sample of Fermi Blazars (Chen+, 2016) (United States)

    Chen, Y.-Y.; Zhang, X.; Xiong, D.-R.; Wang, S.-J.; Yu, X.-L.


    We tried to select a large number of blazars with reliable redshift, radio core and extended radio luminosity at 1.4GHz. Firstly, we considered the following samples of blazars to get the radio core luminosity and extended luminosity at 1.4GHz: Kharb et al. (2010, J/ApJ/710/764), Antonucci & Ulvestad (1985ApJ...294..158A), Cassaro et al. (1999A&AS..139..601C), Murphy et al. (1993MNRAS.264..298M), Landt & Bignall (2008MNRAS.391..967L), Caccianiga & Marcha (2004, Cat. J/MNRAS/348/973), Giroletti et al. (2004). We cross-correlated these samples with the Fermi LAT Third Source Catalog (3FGL), and we acquired the 3FGL spectral index and energy flux at 0.1-100GeV from clean sources in 3FGL (Fermi-LAT Collaboration 2015, J/ApJS/218/23) Using these catalogs, we compiled 201 Fermi blazars. (1 data file).

  18. Chen's double sieve, Goldbach's conjecture and the twin prime problem, 2 (United States)

    Wu, J.

    For every even integer N, denote by D_{1,2}(N) the number of representations of N as a sum of a prime and an integer having at most two prime factors. In this paper, we give a new lower bound for D_{1,2}(N).

  19. AtCCX1 transports Na + and K + in Pitch pastoris | Chen | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yeast expressing AtCCX1 grew better in high H+ concentration medium and high salt medium than original strain and increased Na+ accumulation and decreased K+ accumulation. AtCCX1 was located in tonoplast in yeast. Transport essays were indicated by fluorescence SBFI and PBFI, respectively. Results show that ...

  20. Microvariability Detection of Mrk 421 Xu Chen, Shao Ming Hu & Di ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, 180 Cultural West Road,. Weihai, Shandong 264209, China. ∗ e-mail: Abstract. BL Lac ... but no significant microvariability was detected during our observations. Key words. AGN—HBL—Mrk 421—microvariability. 1. Introduction. The BL Lac ...

  1. Metabolic and histopathological profile of Rattus norvegicus (Wistar) experimentally infected by Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Chen, 1935). (United States)

    Garcia, Juberlan Silva; Lúcio, Camila dos Santos; Bonfim, Tatiane Cristina dos Santos; Junior, Arnaldo Maldonado; Tunholi, Victor Menezes; Tunholi-Alves, Vinícius Menezes; Mota, Esther Maria; Simões, Raquel de Oliveira; Santana, André Campos; Hooper, Cleber; Pinheiro, Jairo; Bóia, Marcio Neves


    Eosinophilic meningitis is a disease characterized by increased eosinophils in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is the most commonly caused by invasion of the central nervous system by helminths, as occurs in Angiostrongylus cantonensis infections. The rodent Rattus norvegicus is the definitive natural host and humans act as accidental hosts and can become infected by eating raw or undercooked snails or food contaminated with infective L3 larvae. Recently in Brazil there have been four cases of eosinophilic meningitis due to ingestion of infected Achatina fulica. To evaluate biochemical and histopathological changes caused by this parasite, R. norvegicus were experimentally infected with 100 L3 larvae of A. cantonensis. After the anesthetic procedure, serum from the rodents was collected from the inferior vena cava for evaluation of the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALKP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total protein and its fractions. During the necropsy, the liver was collected and weighed. Then a 1-g fragment was extracted from the major lobe to quantify the hepatic glycogen and fragment remainder was taken from the same lobe and fixed in Milloning's formalin for histopathological examination. Additionally, helminths were collected from the brain and lungs of the rodents. The activities of AST, ALT, ALKP and GGT in the serum and hepatic glycogen increased in response to infection, while the levels of globulin and total protein increased only in the eighth week of infection and there was a reduction in the levels of serum glucose. Albumin and bilirubin concentrations remained stable during the experiment. Infection with A. cantonensis caused metabolic and histopathological changes in the rodents. This study can contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between A. cantonensis and R. norvegicus. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Red giant star sample from SDSS (Chen+, 2014) (United States)

    Chen, Y. Q.; Zhao, G.; Carrell, K.; Zhao, J. K.; Tan, K. F.; Nissen, P. E.; Wei, P.


    Based on the SDSS DR9 database, we selected stars with (g-r)0 color in the range of 0.1 to 1.0 mag, and log g less than 3.5 dex for each metallicity bin ranging from [Fe/H]AJ....136.2022L, 2008, J/AJ/136/2050, 2011, J/AJ/141/90; Allende Prieto et al. 2008AJ....136.2070A; Smolinski et al. 2011, J/AJ/141/89). As described in Ahn et al. (2012ApJS..203...21A), the updated SSPP adopts a much-improved color-temperature relation from the InfraRed Flux Method Casagrande et al. (2010, J/A+A/512/A54), and the estimates of surface gravity and metallicity have been thoroughly recalibrated based on results from high-resolution observations. An estimate of the internal uncertainties of the SSPP is ~50 K for Teff, ~0.12 dex for log g, and ~0.10 dex for [Fe/H]. In order to avoid early-type stars, we limit the stars to have SSPP temperatures from 3000 K to 10000 K and a signal-to-noise ratio larger than 10. (1 data file).

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: S2CLS: multiwavelength counterparts to SMGs (Chen+, 2016) (United States)

    Chen, C.-C.; Smail, I.; Ivison, R. J.; Arumugam, V.; Almaini, O.; Conselice, C. J.; Geach, J. E.; Hartley, W. G.; Ma, C.-J.; Mortlock, A.; Simpson, C.; Simpson, J. M.; Swinbank, A. M.; Aretxaga, I.; Blain, A.; Chapman, S. C.; Dunlop, J. S.; Farrah, D.; Halpern, M.; Michalowski, M. J.; van der Werf, P.; Wilkinson, A.; Zavala, J. A.


    The SCUBA-2 data at 850um in the UDS field were taken as part of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS). The full data reduction steps are described fully in J. E. Geach et al. (2016, in preparation). In total we detect 1088 submillimeter sources at >=3.5σ within the region where rms noise is =4.0σ, for which we expect a false detection rate of ~1% based on simulations and source extractions on negative signals. We also define a supplementary sample of 372 submillimeter sources that are detected at 3.5-4.0σ and have a false detection rate of ~10%. In this paper, we provide counterpart candidates for both main and supplementary samples; however, the scientific analyses were performed on the main sample. We have carried out ALMA follow-up observations at 870um on 30 of the brighter SCUBA-2 sources in a Cycle 1 project 2012.1.00090.S (Simpson et al. 2015ApJ...807..128S, 2015ApJ...799...81S). The K-band-based multiwavelength photometry adopted in this paper is based on the UDS data release 8 (DR8) of the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS; Lawrence et al. 2007, see II/319). The VLA radio observations at 1.4GHz (20cm) were carried out by the project UDS20 (V. Arumugam et al. 2016, in preparation), which comprises a mosaic of 14 pointings covering a total area of ~1.3deg2 centered on the UDS. The ~1 square degree UDS field contains a rich set of ancillary data (see section 2 for further details). (2 data files).

  4. Peculiar Physical Properties of HST-1 in M87 Y. J. Chen , G.-Y. Zhao ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This work was supported in part by the grants 10625314, 10633010 and 10821302,. KJCX2-YW-T03, 2007CB815405, the CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Pro- gram for Creative Research Teams, and the Science and Technology Commission of. Shanghai Municipality (09ZR1437400). References. Acciari, V. A. et al.

  5. Calibrating the Shan-Chen lattice Boltzmann model for immiscible displacement in porous media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Britt Stenhøj Baun; Schaap, M.G.; Wildenschild, D.


    physical system; in this case observed oil-water displacement experiments. For this purpose, we use simple, well-characterized, two-fluid-phase systems that furthermore function as a test of the code. The calibrated model is shown to produce realistic capillary pressures, within the pressure range...

  6. Effects of different cleaning treatments on heavy metal removal of Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen. (United States)

    Dahui, Liu; Na, Xu; Li, Wang; Xiuming, Cui; Lanping, Guo; Zhihui, Zhang; Jiajin, Wang; Ye, Yang


    The quality and safety of Panax notoginseng products has become a focus of concern in recent years. Contamination with heavy metals is one of the important factors as to P. notoginseng safety. Cleaning treatments can remove dust, soil, impurities or even heavy metals and pesticide residues on agricultural products. But effects of cleaning treatments on the heavy metal content of P. notoginseng roots have still not been studied. In order to elucidate this issue, the effects of five different cleaning treatments (CK, no treatment; T1, warm water (50°C) washing; T2, tap water (10°C) washing; T3, drying followed by polishing; and T4, drying followed by tap water (10°C) washing) on P. notoginseng roots' heavy metal (Cu, Pb, Cd, As and Hg) contents were studied. The results showed that heavy metal (all five) content in the three parts all followed the order of hair root > rhizome > root tuber under the same treatment. Heavy metal removals were in the order of Hg > As > Pb > Cu > Cd. Removal efficiencies of the four treatments were in the order of T2 > T1 > T3 > T4. Treatments (T1-T4) could decrease the contents of heavy metal in P. notoginseng root significantly. Compared with the requirements of WM/T2-2004, P. notoginseng roots' heavy metal contents of Cu, Pb, As and Hg were safe under treatments T1 and T2. In conclusion, the cleaning process after production was necessary and could reduce the content of heavy metals significantly. Fresh P. notoginseng root washed with warm water (T2) was the most efficient treatment to remove heavy metal and should be applied in production.

  7. VizieR Online Data Catalog: GTC transit light curves of WASP-52b (Chen+, 2017) (United States)

    Chen, G.; Palle, E.; Nortmann, L.; Murgas, F.; Parviainen, H.; Nowak, G.


    We provide here the transit light curves of the hot Jupiter WASP-52b obtained on the night of 2015/08/28 using the OSIRIS instrument at the 10.4-m GTC telescope. The data was obtained by using OSIRIS through a 40-arcsec broad slit with the R1000R grism. The white-color light curve covers the wavelength range of 515-905nm, with 755-765nm being excluded. The spectroscopic light curves contain 22 channels of 16.5nm, 3 channels of 1.6nm, and 1 channel of 1.8nm. We provide several auxiliary parameters of the observations, some of which we have used to correct the data from correlated noise, including the position drift of the stars on the CCD detector in spatial and dispersion direction, the relative change in the FWHM of absorption line (dispersion FWHM), seeing (spatial FWHM), air mass, and rotator angle. (3 data files).

  8. Die Beifuß-Ambrosie auf Ackerflächen - ein Problem?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verschwele, Arnd


    Full Text Available Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia is spreading on agricultural fields in Germany, mainly in Brandenburg and Bayern. Competitive crops like winter cereals and oilseed-rape can reduce growth of this plant better than spring crops. In maize or cereals a chemical control is possible, but problems may arise because of the late emergence of ragweed and its high ability to regrowth. In crops like sunflower or lupines herbicide choice is limited and thus preventive control measures are crucial. An integrated approach is needed in order to avoid yield losses and to stop the spreading of ragweed in Germany.

  9. Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise among Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Summerfield, Liane M.

    This Digest discusses the importance of and ways to foster activity and exercise in children. Following an introduction, the Digest is organized into four sections. The first section deals with the significant health benefits of physical activity, including: reduction in chronic disease risk; lowered risk of colon cancer; increase in bone density;…

  10. Parenting and Career Development. ERIC Digest No. 214. (United States)

    Kerka, Sandra

    Research indicates that parenting styles, family functioning, and parent-child interaction influence career development. The authoritative parenting style is associated with self-confidence, persistence, social competence, academic success, and psychosocial development; parents provide a warm family climate, set standards, and promote independence…

  11. Teaching Interdisciplinary Thematic Units in Language Arts. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Ritter, Naomi

    This Digest discusses teaching interdisciplinary thematic units in language arts, noting that such units typically integrate broad areas of knowledge, such as social studies, mathematics, or ecology with the teaching of the four major language skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The Digest presents a definition and rationale for…

  12. Extended School Year (ESY). ERIC Digest #E471. (United States)

    Pinkerton, Dianna

    This digest defines the term "extended school year" (ESY) and notes the issues of regression and recoupment which have led to development of ESY services for students with disabilities. The digest then provides answers to the following questions: (1) When is ESY needed? (2) How is eligibility for ESY determined? (3) What are some factors…

  13. El Metodo Llamado Proyecto (The Project Approach). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Katz, Lilian G.

    A project is an in-depth investigation of a topic worth learning more about, usually undertaken by a group of children within a class. The goal of a project is to learn more about a topic rather than to find answers to questions posed by a teacher. Project work is complementary to the systematic parts of a curriculum. Whereas systematic…

  14. Violence in Sports. ERIC Digest 1-89. (United States)

    Abdal-Haqq, Ismat

    This Digest examines violence in team sports and how manifestations of violence reflect the attitudes and behavior of players, coaches, and fans. Three theoretical explanations of sports violence are discussed--the biological theory, the psychological theory, and the social learning theory. The pressures of competitive sports on children are…

  15. Higher Education outside of the Academy. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cantor, Jeffery A.

    What has come to be recognized as the classic model of the university is changing as a result of industry's new and emerging needs for knowledge, constant technological innovation, education's place in the economy, and diminishing funding. American industry recognizes that the skills of workers at all levels will need to improve continuously in…

  16. Teen Courts and Law-Related Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Nessel, Paula A.

    Teen courts have gained in popularity in the 1990s. These courts include youth courts, peer juries, peer courts, student courts, and other courts using juveniles to determine the sentences of juvenile offenders. The courts issue sentences that are carried out in a school or community setting and generally involve community service, jury duty,…

  17. Moral and Ethical Issues in Teacher Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Benninga, Jacques S.

    This digest addresses two components in the moral and ethical preparation of teachers: identification and assessment of professional ethical concepts and structures in teacher education, and foundations and specific models for the preservice training of teachers of character. A teacher's first moral obligation is to provide excellent instruction.…

  18. Ethics and Regulations of Cybercounseling. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Hughes, Rosemarie S.

    Cybercounseling is defined as the practice of professional counseling and information delivery that occurs when client(s) and counselor(s) are in separate or remote locations and utilize electronic means to communicate over the Internet. One of the counseling profession's main concerns will be unlicensed persons promoting themselves as competent…

  19. Evaluacion entre colegas profesores (Peer Review of Teachers). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This digest in Spanish examines peer review, focusing on how these types of reviews can improve teacher competence. Peer review is often linked to peer assistance, which helps new and veteran teachers improve their knowledge and skills. In peer-review programs, consulting teachers conduct formal evaluations and recommend whether the participating…

  20. Alternative Forms of Assessment. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary. (United States)

    Smith, Carl B., Ed.

    This topical bibliography and commentary addresses methods of alternative, or informal, assessment that have proven effective, and how these methods have been, or can be, established as reliable alternatives to standardized testing. It discusses authentic assessment, forms of alternative assessment (unstructured written activities, unstructured…

  1. Tipp-pankur, kelle aastapalk on 1 dollar / Eric Dash

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dash, Eric


    Citigroupi juhi Vikram Panditi aastapalk on 1 dollar, seda seni, kuni pank on taas kindlalt kasumis. Tükk tüki haaval nülib ta maha ettevõtte liigseid harusid, tugevdab panga bilanssi, stabiliseerides finantse

  2. Meeting Youth Needs with Community Programs. ERIC Digest, Number 86. (United States)

    Ianni, Francis A. J.

    Rather than viewing youth as an isolated and alienated subculture, it is more useful to view the needs of youth as largely determined by where and how they live, and to recognize that they differ from one another just as adults do. Professionals and volunteers in community youth programs need to understand how the youth they work with experience…

  3. ADHD and Children Who Are Gifted. ERIC Digest #522. (United States)

    Webb, James T.; Latimer, Diane

    This fact sheet summarizes information on children who have an attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD), are gifted, or are both ADHD and gifted. Fourteen diagnostic criteria for ADHD from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III are listed. A comparison of behaviors associated with ADHD and with giftedness is…

  4. Politicas de tolerancia cero (Zero Tolerance Policies). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McAndrews, Tobin

    State legislatures and school boards are adopting a growing number of zero-tolerance polices toward weapons, guns, and violence. Zero-tolerance polices are rules intended to address specific school-safety issues. They have arisen in part as a response to the threat of the withdrawal of federal funds under the 1994 Gun-Free Schools Act, and…

  5. 76 FR 39844 - Action Affecting Export Privileges; ERIC COHEN (United States)


    ... Letter, this Settlement Agreement or the Order. Nothing in this paragraph affects Cohen's testimonial... U.S. Department of Commerce is not a party. Fifth, for a period of five years from the date of this... reason to know that the item will be, or is intended to be, exported from the United States; or E. Engage...

  6. Mimesis, en la encrucijada del exilio de Eric Auerbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barck, Karlheinz


    Full Text Available This article is a study of the masterpiece of Erich Auerbach, Mimesis, as an exile’s book. It also examines how Auerbach confronts his text with the Jewish question. And then discusses which was the impact of Mimesis in Hispanic Letters, paying special attention to the valuable work done by the spanish republican exiles, like Eugenio Imaz, in translating and editing this book for Fondo de Cultura Económica.El presente artículo es un estudio de la obra maestra de Erich Auerbach, Mimesis, como libro del exilio. Se analiza también el modo como Auerbach confronta en él la cuestión judía y, posteriormente, se discute cuál fue la repercusión de Mimesis en las letras hispánicas, con especial atención a la valiosa labor realizada por los exiliados españoles, como Eugenio Ímaz, en su traducción y edición para FCE.

  7. Critical Literacy for Adult Literacy in Language Learners. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol; Florez, MaryAnn Cunningham

    This digest examines critical literacy and discusses why it is important to include it in instruction for adults learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Critical literacy takes learners beyond the development of basic literacy skills such as decoding, predicting, and summarizing and asks them to become critical consumers of the information…

  8. Needs Assessment for Adult ESL Learners. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Weddel, Kathleen Santopietro; Van Duzer, Carol

    A needs assessment for use with adult learners of English is a tool that examines, from the learner's perspective, what kinds of English, native language, and literacy skills the learner believes he has, literacy contexts in which the learner lives and works, what he wants and needs to know to function in those contexts, what he expects to gain…

  9. Teenage Pregnancy. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Fact Sheet. (United States)

    Lachance, Laurie L.

    This fact sheet addresses the issue of teenage pregnancy. Six factors contributing to the current attention focused on teenage pregnancy and parenthood are listed and teenage pregnancy and birth rates are discussed. Other areas covered include teenage nonuse of contraception, sex education by schools and parents, family planning services, and the…

  10. Developing Curriculum for Democracy through International Partnerships. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hamot, Gregory E.

    The fall of communism in eastern and central Europe inspired the call for curriculum development in citizenship education throughout the growing democratic world. Many programs between U.S. institutions and newly developing democracies continue to produce curricula for democratic citizenship suited to local needs. This digest discusses: (1)…

  11. Confronting Sex Stereotypes in the Classroom (ERIC/RCS). (United States)

    Morgan, Mary


    Describes several curriculum resources that focus on eliminating sex stereotypes through nonsexist teaching strategies, activities, and material selection for middle and high school language arts, reading, and English classrooms. (RS)

  12. Lexical Approach to Second Language Teaching. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moudraia, Olga

    This digest provides an overview of the methodological foundations underlying the lexical approach to language teaching and the pedagogical implications suggested by them. The lexical approach has received interest in recent years as an alternative to grammar-based approaches. It concentrates on developing learners' proficiency with lexis, or…

  13. Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies. ERIC Digest Number 148. (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals found that…

  14. The Vocational Education/Entrepreneurship Match. ERIC Digest No. 118. (United States)

    Lankard, Bettina A.

    Instruction in small business development is particularly appropriate in vocational and career education. Vocational education teaches students job-specific and employability skills and provides opportunities to use them in work experience programs. The profile of the adult entrepreneur reflects characteristics attributed to vocational education…

  15. Standards for the High School Psychology Course. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Morganett, L. Lee

    The latest contribution to the content standards boom that began in the 1990s comes from the American Psychological Association (APA), which recently published "National Standards for the Teaching of High School Psychology." This Digest discusses: (1) the origin and purposes of the project to develop standards for high school psychology…

  16. The Role of CTE in Entrepreneurship. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brown, Bettina Lankard

    Entrepreneurship, or small business ownership, is an increasingly attractive option to young people and adults (including low-income populations, at-risk youth, and women) who are striving to find careers that are exciting to them and offer the potential for personal and financial success. Entrepreneurs must be self-starters, innovative, willing…

  17. Teaching Creative Writing in the Elementary School. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Essex, Christopher

    Noting that most children enter school with a natural interest in writing, this digest discusses how elementary school teachers can become actively involved in teaching creative writing to their students. The digest considers several reasons for teaching creative writing, provides practical suggestions from other teachers about teaching story…

  18. Women and Work-Place Stress. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Long, Bonita C.

    With North American women joining the work force in record numbers, the effect of employment on women's well-being is gaining attention. This digest examines various stressors affecting women in the work world and some actions companies can take to alleviate these stressors. While some studies show that work has detrimental effects on some…

  19. Ausencia estudiantil sin permiso (Student Truancy). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    DeKalb, Jay

    This Digest in Spanish examines some of the ways that truancy affects both individuals and society. It identifies factors that may place students at greater risk of becoming truant and lists some consequences of nonattendance, including delayed promotion and graduation, lowered self-esteem, and lessened employment potential. The causes of truancy…

  20. Helping Students Cope with Test Anxiety. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Harris, Henry L.; Coy, Doris R.

    One of the most threatening events that causes anxiety in students today is testing. When students develop an extreme fear of performing poorly on an examination, they experience test anxiety. Test anxiety is a major factor contributing to a variety of negative outcomes including psychological distress, academic underachievement, academic failure,…

  1. Doing Mathematics with Your Child. ERIC/CSMEE Digest. (United States)

    Hartog, Martin D.; Brosnan, Patricia A.

    Parents have the wonderful opportunity and responsibility for nurturing children. This digest presents resources that will enable parents to fulfill their responsibility for developing their children's abilities to do mathematics, while at the same time encouraging more positive attitudes towards mathematics. The resources are divided into three…

  2. Approaching Standards for Mathematics Assessment. ERIC/CSMEE Digest. (United States)

    Brosnan, Patricia A.; Hartog, Martin D.

    Current assessment practices in the classroom can affect the movement toward a child-centered curriculum in mathematics education. The mathematical community is addressing the challenge to implement standards in the areas of testing, assessment, and accountability in order to maintain this movement. This digest: (1) discusses what makes current…

  3. Mass Communication: Technology Use and Instruction. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Brynildssen, Shawna

    This Digest reviews the literature on recent attempts to incorporate technology into the instruction of journalism and mass communication. It first discusses the four main categories of current technology use in journalism and mass communication: classroom instruction; online syllabi/materials; distance learning; and technological literacy. It…

  4. Helping Adolescents Adjust to Giftedness. ERIC Digest #E489. (United States)

    Buescher, Thomas M.; Higham, Sharon

    This digest offers guidelines to parents and educators helping gifted adolescents adjust to problems related to their giftedness. Challenges to adjustment are noted in the areas of: ownership (talented adolescents simultaneously "own" and yet question the validity of their abilities); dissonance (between their high standards and their…

  5. Telecommunications in Foreign Language Education: A Resource List. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Krause, Julie

    Foreign language and bilingual educators are in the unique position of being able to bring the world to their classrooms via the telecommunications technologies. Telecommunication is electronic communication over long distances by means of an online computer service, a telephone, a television, a satellite, or other long distance technologies. This…

  6. Outdoor Education, A Bibliography of ERIC Abstracts: Supplement No. 7. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.

    A supplement to seven previous bibliographies, this bibliography provides a guide to some of the latest resource material, research findings, and/or developments in outdoor education. Part I contains 68 citations and abstracts which appeared in "Resources in Education" (RIE) from the January 1977 issue through the October 1977 issue. Part II…

  7. Understanding and Facilitating Preschool Children's Peer Acceptance. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kemple, Kristen M.

    This digest discusses factors associated with the acceptance and rejection of preschool children by their peers and offers a number of strategies that teachers and other adults can use in their attempts to help children achieve social acceptance. Behaviors and characteristics associated with peer rejection include aggression and misinterpretation…

  8. Psychological Dimensions of User-Computer Interfaces. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Marchionini, Gary

    This digest highlights several psychological dimensions of user-computer interfaces. First, the psychological theory behind interface design and the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) are discussed. Two psychological models, the information processing model of cognition and the mental model--both of which contribute to interface design--are…

  9. Oral Histories Link Language and Literacy (ERIC Research Reviews). (United States)

    Greene, Beth G.


    Presents annotations of 13 conference papers, books, and journal articles (published between 1988 and 1992) that serve as a starting point for an integrated study or writing unit exploring the use of oral narratives to link language and literacy. (RS)

  10. The Evolving Status of Photojournalism Education. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cookman, Claude

    Noting that new technologies are resulting in extensive changes in the field of photojournalism, both as it is practiced and taught, this Digest reviews this rapidly evolving field of education and professional practice. It discusses what digital photography is; the history of digital photography; how digital photography has changed…

  11. Positioning Community Colleges via Economic Development. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Zeiss, Anthony

    Community colleges, because of their late arrival in the development of American education, have suffered from an image and identity problem since their inception. To deal with this problem, community colleges should position themselves as unique community-based service-oriented colleges and market a specific focus to the general public. The first…

  12. Counseling Abused Children. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest. (United States)

    McFadden, Emily Jean

    This digest familiarizes counselors with the four major types of child maltreatment: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse and exploitation, and emotional abuse or neglect. A definition is provided for each, along with relevant symptoms and statistics. The subsequent discussion focuses on identifying maltreatment and on counseling abused children.…

  13. Can Cutbacks Leave School Programs Viable? ERIC Digest, Number 106. (United States)

    Weber, James

    Most public schools, out of financial necessity, have had to reduce costs while maintaining facilities and essential programs and remaining accountable for student outcomes. School downsizing can mean making painful decisions about program elimination and staff layoffs. This digest offers suggestions for using downsizing to some…

  14. Student Stress: Effects and Solutions. ERIC Digest 85-1. (United States)

    Whitman, Neal A.; And Others

    Stress is experienced by college students at different educational levels, but colleges can help reduce its destructive forms. There are explanations of why students perform badly under stress, such as "hypervigilance" (i.e., overstudying for an exam) and "premature closure" (i.e., rushing through an exam). Situations that are…

  15. Mexican American Women: Schooling, Work, and Family. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Ortiz, Flora Ida

    This digest examines the interdependence of schooling, work, and family in the lives of Mexican American women. Mexican Americans have lower educational achievement than other Hispanic subgroups and the total U.S. population, although females do somewhat better than males. Hispanic students are overrepresented in classes for special education,…

  16. Preventing and Resolving Parent-Teacher Differences. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Katz, Lilian G.; And Others

    Parents and teachers share responsibility for creating a working relationship that fosters children's learning. This digest examines the cultural context for parent-teacher relationships, suggests some general strategies for creating a climate in which misunderstandings and disagreements between parents and teachers can be minimized through…

  17. Educating the Consumer about Advertising: Some Issues. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gottlieb, Stephen S.

    Providing a basic overview of issues related to advertising and the consumer, this digest discusses the omnipresence of advertisements, suggesting ways for consumers to recognize advertising appeals. Deceptive advertising is discussed, with particular attention paid to financial advertising. (RS)

  18. Kerlinger's Research Myths. ERIC/AE Digest Series. (United States)

    Daniel, Larry G.

    Fred N. Kerlinger has been hailed as having contributed to the transformation of the way that behavioral scientists and educators read research reports, design and execute research, and draw conclusions about research. In 1960 he introduced the notion that educational research is fraught with mythology. Three of the research myths that he…

  19. Worker-Centered Learning: Labor's Role. ERIC Digest No. 211. (United States)

    Spence, Janet G.

    Globalization of the economy and rapid technological innovation challenge today's work force to prepare for continuous change. In response to a strong mandate from their membership, labor unions have formed partnerships to deliver the necessary worker education. Because they are in daily contact with workers and have a holistic knowledge of…

  20. Eesti saab veel ühe monumendi / Eric A. Johnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.


    Eesti Vabadussõjas (1918-1920) osalesid peale soomlaste, rootslaste, taanlaste ja inglaste ka ameeriklased, kes olid enamuses Ameerika Punase Risti vabatahtlikud. Monument, mis plaanitakse valmis saada aasta lõpuks, hakkab seisma Tallinna kaitseväe kalmistul. Ilmunud ka: Linnaleht : na russkom jazõke, 23. mai 2008, lk 9 (V Estonii pojavitsja eshtshjo odin monument)

  1. Energy Conservation. The Best of ERIC, Number 19. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    The 13 articles in this annotated bibliography cover a wide range of concerns from the finances of energy conservation to solar energy applications, to building design, to building maintenance, and to the role of the science teacher as an energy analyst and activist. (IRT)

  2. Final Scientific/Technical Report – DE-FG02-06ER64172 – Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center – Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eric E. Roden


    This report summarizes research conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center”, which was funded through the Integrative Studies Element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. William Burgos (The Pennsylvania State University) was the overall PI/PD for the project, which included Brian Dempsey (Penn State), Gour-Tsyh (George) Yeh (Central Florida University), and Eric Roden (formerly at The University of Alabama, now at the University of Wisconsin) as separately-funded co-PIs. The project focused on development of a mechanistic understanding and quantitative models of coupled Fe(III)/U(VI) reduction in FRC Area 2 sediments. The work builds on our previous studies of microbial Fe(III) and U(VI) reduction, and was directly aligned with the Scheibe et al. ORNL FRC Field Project at Area 2. Area 2 is a shallow pathway for migration of contaminated groundwater to seeps in the upper reach of Bear Creek at ORNL, mainly through a ca. 1 m thick layer of gravel located 4-5 m below the ground surface. The gravel layer is sandwiched between an overlying layer of disturbed fill material, and 2-3 m of undisturbed shale saprolite derived from the underlying Nolichucky Shale bedrock. The fill was put in place when contaminated soils were excavated and replaced by native saprolite from an uncontaminated area within Bear Creek Valley; the gravel layer was presumably installed prior to addition of the fill in order to provide a stable surface for the operation of heavy machinery. The undisturbed saprolite is highly weathered bedrock that has unconsolidated character but retains much of the bedding and fracture structure of the parent rock (shale with interbedded limestone). Hydrological tracer studies conducted during the Scheibe et al. field

  3. El Desarrollo Social de los Ninos: Una Lista de Cotejo. ERIC Digest. (Young Children's Social Development: A Checklist. ERIC Digest.) (United States)

    McClellan, Diane E.; Katz, Lilian G.

    The best childhood predictor of later adult adaptation is the adequacy with which a child gets along with other children. Because social development begins in the early years, it is appropriate that early childhood programs include regular formal and informal assessment of children's acquisition of social competence. This digest presents the…

  4. La auto-regulacion y la preparacion para la escuela. ERIC Digest. (Self-Regulation and School Readiness. ERIC Digest). (United States)

    Blair, Clancy

    Self-regulation of behavior generally refers to controlled, cognitive monitoring of the actions and steps required to obtain a goal, or to bring about a desired response from the environment. Age-related changes in self-regulation as well as individual differences at a given age or developmental stage play fundamental roles in shaping children's…

  5. Retraction: "Identification of Novel Biomarkers for Pancreatic Cancer Using Integrated Transcriptomics With Functional Pathways Analysis" by Zhang, X., Tong, P., Chen, J., Pei, Z., Zhang, X., Chen, W., Xu, J. and Wang, J. (United States)


    The above article from the Journal of Cellular Physiology, published online on 10 March 2016 in Wiley Online Library as Early View (, has been retracted by agreement between Gary Stein, the journal's Editor-in-Chief, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation at the University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, which confirmed that the article was submitted and approved for publication by Dr. Jin Wang without acknowledgement of NIH funding received or the consent and authorship of Dr. Ann Killary and Dr. Subrata Sen, with whom the manuscript was originally drafted. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Erste Erfahrungen mit RDA an wissenschaftlichen Universalbibliotheken in Deutschland - Ergebnisse aus Fokusgruppengesprächen mit Katalogisierenden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidrun Wiesenmüller


    Full Text Available Einige Monate nach dem Umstieg auf das neue Regelwerk "Resource Description and Access" (RDA wurden an 18 großen deutschen wissenschaftlichen Universalbibliotheken Fokusgruppengespräche mit Katalogisierererinnen und Katalogisierern durchgeführt. Die Katalogisierenden wurden u.a. befragt, wie sicher sie sich bei der Anwendung von RDA fühlen, was sie am neuen Regelwerk gut oder schlecht finden, wie sie den Aufwand im Vergleich zum früheren Regelwerk RAK einschätzen, welche Informations- und Hilfsmittel sie verwenden und wie sie zu den regelmäßigen Änderungen im Standard stehen. Der vorliegende Aufsatz dokumentiert die Ergebnisse der Gespräche.   Several months after the introduction of the new cataloging standard "Resource Description and Access" (RDA, focus-group interviews with catalogers were conducted at 18 large academic and state libraries in Germany. Among other things, the catalogers were asked how confident they feel in applying RDA, which aspects of the new cataloging code they like or do not like, how they estimate the expenditure of time in comparison to the former cataloging code RAK, which sources they use to get help or information, and what they think about the frequent changes to the new standard. The paper presents the results of these interviews.

  7. Helical Magnetic Fields in AGN Jets Y. J. Chen1,2,∗ , G.-Y. Zhao1,2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We establish a simple model to describe the helical mag- netic fields in AGN jets projected on the sky plane and the line-of-sight. This kind of profile has been detected in the polarimetric VLBI observa- tion of many blazar objects, suggesting the existence of helical magnetic fields in these sources. Key words.

  8. Effect of temperature on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) following exhaustive exercise. (United States)

    Zeng, Ling-Qing; Zhang, Yao-Guang; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Fu, Shi-Jian


    The effects of temperature on resting oxygen consumption rate (MO2rest) and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after exhaustive exercise (chasing) were measured in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) (8.40±0.30 g, n=40) to test whether temperature has a significant influence on MO2rest, maximum post-exercise oxygen consumption rate (MO2peak) and EPOC and to investigate how metabolic scope (MS: MO2peak - MO2rest) varies with acclimation temperature. The MO2rest increased from 64.7 (10°C) to 160.3 mg O2 h(-1) kg(-1) (25°C) (PEPOC varied from 32.9 min at 10°C to 345 min at 20°C, depending on the acclimation temperatures. The MS values of the lower temperature groups (10 and 15°C) were significantly smaller than those of the higher temperature groups (20, 25 and 30°C) (PEPOC varied ninefold among all of the temperature groups and was the largest for the 20°C temperature group (about 422.4 mg O2 kg(-1)). These results suggested that (1) the acclimation temperature had a significant effect on maintenance metabolism (as indicated by MO2rest) and the post-exercise metabolic recovery process (as indicated by MO2peak, duration and magnitude of EPOC), and (2) the change of the MS as a function of acclimation temperature in juvenile southern catfish might be related to their high degree of physiological flexibility, which allows them to adapt to changes in environmental conditions in their habitat in the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.

  9. J. Chen1, Z.-Q. Shen1, H. Sudou3, S. Iguchi4, Y. Murata5

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    4National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan. 5The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan. 6Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University,. Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan. ∗ e-mail: Abstract. It was argued that 3C ...

  10. Chem TV: Choices I, v. 1.5.1 (by B. A. Luceigh, P. Ngo, and J. Chen) (United States)

    Kraig Steffen, L.


    CHEM TV: Sunland, CA, 1998. 24.95, students; 59.95, faculty. This CD-ROM presents a series of interactive overviews and drills for students of organic chemistry. The material covered is generally taught in the first semester. This suite is much more than a simple presentation of material and, for students sufficiently motivated to take the time and work with the problems, will provide valuable review. Five interactive spaces are provided: concentration drills that emphasize recall of related structures/names, reagents/reactions, and stereochemistry; a structural review based on epinephrine; interactive synthesis projects; arcade game reagent review; and a set of timed self-tests. The CD-ROM installed and ran without problem on a Power PC Mac and on a Pentium running Windows 95. The program did fail to run when a student reviewing it switched to a very new version of Windows Quick Time. Most of the drills ran without a problem, although at times it was unclear how to respond to queries. I turned off the music, which would be much less annoying if the loops were simply longer. Publishers are flooding the market with add-on computer-based materials for the various levels of chemistry. Many constitute little more than a stack of overheads. This is one that may be of sufficient value to warrant the extra cost. A large number of examples are provided for many of the areas covered. Most of the graphical interfaces are clear and easy to manipulate, with the exception of a couple of mechanistic screens that had hard-to-figure-out arrows. Two sections, or modules, are of special note. The first of these is the synthesis challenges, where students must choose reactants, reagents, and reaction conditions for a particular reaction. These synthesis problems are well thought out and can be challenging. It is unfortunate that there are only five of them. The Self-Tests module is also of great practical value, forcing students to work through a variety of topics (200 problems) with limited time allotted per test. The structures are clear and easy to view and include a large number of three-dimensional molecular models that help make the connection between simple line drawings and actual molecules. More feedback information on incorrect answers would be nice, although it is obvious that this can balloon into an unworkable situation if every possible "wrong" answer is considered. The structure summary, which uses a single complicated molecule to review a large range of structural topics, is a good integrated look at bonding, stereochemistry, and conformational analysis. The concentration game is informative, albeit a bit obtuse on a few of the answers! The selection drills, a shooting gallery game with various chemical targets, seems a bit silly, but then if one can learn to recognize all the major reducing agents by snagging butterflies with faux nets than this could be helpful! With its varying levels of difficulty, this set of modules should be accessible even to weaker students and yet will provide a challenge for the more advanced. A great future addition would be an interactive module builder that allows faculty to modify existing questions and add their own. How can one effectively use this program? The relatively low cost does make it accessible for individual students to purchase, perhaps as a "recommended" item for the class. Another very practical option is to purchase 5-10 copies (assuming a class size of around 30-40) and make them available through a common computer laboratory (or an appropriate network site-license arrangement) or for check-out to small groups of students. One drawback is that only about 1/3 of the major topics that fill the year in organic are covered. I have used some of the drills as in-class interactive examples with a projector and laptop. This type of interactive tutorial-quiz-based program is a welcome change from the simple textbook on a CD-ROM approach. Given easy access to computers and an environment that encourages individual and small-group interactions, I believe this program can be a worthwhile aid for students of organic chemistry.

  11. Methodology of Leaving America for Asia: Reading South Korea's Social Studies Textbooks through Chen Kuan-Hsing's Asia as Method (United States)

    Rhee, Jeong-eun


    This project began as a content analysis of five South Korean high school Social Studies textbooks. Yet, it has evolved into an epistemological experiment to pursue the question of "what does it mean to leave America for Asia, at least methodologically, for the researcher who left Asia for America?" Using the textbooks as a mediating…

  12. Untersuchung ausgewählter Oberflächen-, Grund- und Bodenwasserproben auf Perchlorat in Deutschland: Erste Ergebnisse (United States)

    Scheytt, Traugott J.; Freywald, Jessika; Ptacek, Carol J.


    Perchlorate is a component found in solid rocket fuels, explosives, fireworks, and road flares. In addition, perchlorate is a minor component of natural salt deposits in semiarid and arid regions. Discharge and storage areas as well as accidents are potential sources for perchlorate contamination of aquatic systems. Perchlorate has been detected in surface water and groundwater from several places worldwide. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether perchlorate occurs in surface water, groundwater, or soil leachate at selected sites in Germany. These sites include surface water from a military base in southern Germany, groundwater from a production site, and groundwater and soil leachate from a location where fireworks shows are performed regularly. Results show that perchlorate was detected in all surface water and groundwater samples with values around 1 μg/l. Highest values (up to 15,000 μg/l) were detected in pore waters of the "Maifeld" area in Berlin where soil was sampled immediately after a fireworks show.

  13. X-ray Time Lags in TeV Blazars X. Chen1,∗ , G. Fossati1, E. Liang1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    #1: Homogeneous, steady rate, injection of high energy particles with power-law distribution. The flare is caused by an increase/decrease of the maximum electron energy γmax, following an exponential (symmetric) time evolution. #2: Homogeneous mild diffusive particle acceleration mechanism is active in the blob for a ...

  14. Trichodina nobilis Chen, 1963 and Trichodina reticulata Hirschmann et Partsch, 1955 from ornamental freshwater fishes in Brazil. (United States)

    Martins, M L; Marchiori, N; Roumbedakis, K; Lami, F


    In the present work Trichodina reticulata and T. nobilis (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) are morphologically characterised from ornamental freshwater fish culture in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The prevalence of infection and a list of comparative measurements are discussed. We examined "southern platyfish" Xiphophorus maculatus (n = 35), "goldfish" Carassius auratus (n = 31), "guppy" Poecilia reticulata (n = 20), "sailfin molly" Poecilia latipinna (n = 6), "beta" Betta splendens (n = 2) and "spotted headstander" Chilodus punctatus (n = 1). After being anesthetised in a benzocaine solution, fishes were examined for parasitological evaluation. A total of 51.57% fishes were parasitised by Trichodina spp. Carassius auratus was the most parasitised species, followed by X. maculatus and P. reticulata. Beta splendens, C. punctatus and P. latipinna were not parasitised by any trichodinid species. Two species of Trichodina were collected from the skin of fish: T. nobilis was found in C. auratus, P. reticulata and X. maculatus and T. reticulata was only observed in C. auratus. The importance of adequate handling in ornamental fish culture are also discussed.

  15. Embryo development in association with asymbiotic seed germination in vitro of Paphiopedilum armeniacum S. C. Chen et F. Y. Liu. (United States)

    Zhang, Yan-Yan; Wu, Kun-Lin; Zhang, Jian-Xia; Deng, Ru-Fang; Duan, Jun; Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Huang, Wei-Chang; Zeng, Song-Jun


    This paper documents the key anatomical features during the development of P. armeniacum zygotic embryos and their ability to germinate asymbiotically in vitro. This study also examines the effect of media and seed pretreatments on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth. Seeds collected from pods 45 days after pollination (DAP) did not germinate while 95 DAP seeds displayed the highest seed germination percentage (96.2%). Most seedlings (50%) developed to stage 5 from 110 DAP seeds whose compact testa had not yet fully formed. Suspensor cells were vacuolated, which enabled the functional uptake of nutrients. The optimum basal medium for seed germination and subsequent protocorm development was eighth-strength Murashige and Skoog (1/8MS) for 95 DAP seeds and ¼MS for 110 DAP seeds. Poor germination was displayed by 140 DAP seeds with a compact testa. Pretreatment of dry mature seeds (180 DAP) with 1.0% sodium hypochlorite solution for 90 min or 40 kHz of ultrasound for 8 min improved germination percentage from 0 to 29.2% or to 19.7%, respectively. Plantlets that were at least 5 cm in height were transplanted to a Zhijing stone substrate for orchids, and 85.3% of plantlets survived 180 days after transplanting.

  16. Puede afectar la instruccion en musica el desarrollo cognitivo de los ninos? ERIC Digest. (Can Music Instruction Affect Children's Cognitive Development? ERIC Digest). (United States)

    Rauscher, Frances H.

    Several studies have examined the effects of music instruction on children's abilities in other disciplines. Other studies have explored the effects of listening to music on adults' spatial abilities. Noting that these two sets of findings have been confused, leading to claims that listening to music can improve children's academic abilities, this…

  17. Urban Minority Students, Language, and Reading. ERIC/CUE Urban Diversity Series, Number 51; CAL/ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, Number 55. (United States)

    Hill, Clifford A.

    The great majority of poor readers in urban schools are members of an ethnic minority, a low social class, and a poor family. The simple recognition of these factors, however, is of no help in characterizing the specific sources of language norms among urban minority students or in determining the ways these distinctive norms interfere with…

  18. A Selected Bibliography on Mexican American and Native American Bilingual Education in the Southwest (With ERIC Abstracts). CAL. ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 6. (United States)

    Cahir, Stephen; And Others

    This bibliography provides access to the latest research findings or developments in bilingual education which relate specifically to Mexican Americans and/or American Indians in the Southwest. The information contained in the 263 entries is analyzed within similar limits as to its sociolinguistic significance. Compiled from abstracts which…

  19. Eric Alan Johnson : "Mne nravitsja tot duhh, kotorõi tõ oshtshushtshaejesh v Pitere" / Eric Alan Johnson ; interv. Liana Turpakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric Alan


    USA saatkonna Eestis pressiatashee vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema elukäiku, vene keele õppimist, huvi Venemaa vastu, elu Leningradis, ülikoolis õppimist, tööd diplomaadina Moskvas ja Peterburis, muusika- ja kirjandushuvi

  20. Ökologisch bewirtschaftete Ackerflächen - eine ökologische Leistung? Ein ergebnisorientierter Ansatz für die Praxis


    Braband, Dorothee; Elsen, Thomas van


    Zielorientierte bzw. ergebnisorientierte Ansätze zur Erfassung ökologischer Leistungen der Landwirtschaft könnten künftig eine wesentliche Grundlage für die Bemsessung landwirtschaftlicher Direktzahlungen werden. Als ökologische Leistungen sollte alles abgegolten werden, was über die gute fachliche Praxis im Rahmen der landwirtschaftlichen Fachrechte und des Bundesnaturschutzgestz hinausgeht.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Boislève


    Full Text Available La découverte et l’étude récente d’importants lots de stucs sur les sites de la villa de Mané-Véchenen Plouhinec (Morbihan et du “palais“ urbain du centre hospitalier à Autun (Saône-et-Loire constituent un apport considérable à notre connaissance d’un artisanat relativement méconnu en Gaule: le stuc. Parallèlement, le réexamen de collections plus anciennes sur la domus de Vieux (Calvados a permis la réinterprétation de décors laissant une place considérable et parfois inattendue au relief. Relativement complets, et pour certains restituables, ces décors éclairent un usage du stuc assez différent de celui connu en Italie et permettent d’identifier certaines modes décoratives typiquement provinciales.

  2. Untersuchungen an einer Kolbenexpansionsmaschine mit integrierten Wärmeübertragerflächen (Wärmeübertrager-Expander) zur Realisierung eines neuartigen Neon-Tieftemperatur-Prozesses


    Fredrich, Ole


    Viele Anwendungen der Hochtemperatur-Supraleitung arbeiten vorteilhaft im Temperaturbereich zwischen 30 - 50 K. Für diesen Temperaturbereich existieren nur wenige geeignete Kältemaschinen mit kleiner Kälteleistung (1-2 W) u. gutem Wirkungsgrad. Neon ist aufgrund seiner Stoffeigenschaften ein hervorragendes Kältemittel für diesen Temperaturbereich, wie z.B. anhand einer realisierten Joule-Thomson (JT) Demonstrationsanlage deutlich wird. Als Ergebnis einer Prozessanalyse wird ein Kreislauf vorg...

  3. Methodology of Leaving America for Asia: Reading South Korea’s Social Studies Textbooks through Chen Kuan-Hsing’s Asia as Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joungh-eun Rhee


    Full Text Available This project began as a content analysis of five South Korean high school Social Studies textbooks. Yet, it has evolved into an epistemological experiment to pursue the question of “what does it mean to leave America for Asia, at least methodologically, for the researcher who left Asia for America?” Using the textbooks as a mediating site, therefore, I articulate a process that engages with, moves toward, and develops deimperializing methodology. More specifically, I interweave Kuan-Hsing Chen’s Asia as Method: Toward Deimperialization (2010 with my data by analyzing the data through Asia as Method and reading and practicing Asia as Method as methodology. This allows me to move away from fixating on the West as a reference point even through my critique. Rather, I work to produce geo-historically grounded knowledge for specific interventions at this mediating site toward the movements of decolonization, de-cold war, and deimperialization. In the process, I discuss how Asia as Method as methodology provokes political, psychological, and social engagements of everyday, multiplies reference points for knowledge production, and requires a researcher to re-work on one’s subjectivity inevitably constituted by imperialism.

  4. Spinnen ökologischer Ausgleichsflächen in den Schweizer Kantonen Aargau und Schaffhausen (Arachnida: Araneae – mit Anmerkungen zu Phrurolithus nigrinus (Corinnidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blick, Theo


    Full Text Available The spider fauna of open habitats adjacent to arable land was investigated in northern Switzerland. The three habitat types were (1 herbaceous edges of fields (Sa, (2 fallow land sowed with flowers (BB, and (3 grass borders of fields (GS. Four funnel pitfall traps (10 cm diameter were used to catch spiders in three stripe-types in two geographical regions in two years over 5 weeks in May and June: in total 12 sets of data. Spider species typical for open habitats were dominant, mostly lycosids (6 of the 10 most active species. The results were analysed together with environmental factors using a canonical correspondence analysis (CCA and spiders were compared with carabid beetles (Coeloptera: Carabidae. Geographical region, though not very distant, had the largest influence on both spiders and carabids. The age and type of the habitats had a stronger influence on spiders than on carabids. In spiders a larger part of the total variance was explained by the analysed factors. Finally we discuss briefly a remarkable spider species. A review of all known records of Phrurolithus nigrinus in Switzerland and Germany, together with adjacent regions in France, is given. Its phenology is indicated, its habitat discussed and the overall distribution within Europe is listed.

  5. Diskrepanz: Die EU-Frauenpolitik zwischen Deregulierung und Gleichheitsansprüchen Internal Discrepancies: EU Women’s Policies between Deregulation and Claims to Equality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Biermann


    Full Text Available In von neun Autorinnen verfassten Beiträgen gibt der Band Einblicke in zentrale Felder der EU-Politik: die europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion (EWWU, die Strukturpolitik, die Gleichstellungspolitik und das Gender Mainstreaming, die Osterweiterung sowie die Ausarbeitung einer europäischen Verfassung. Damit werden wesentliche Teile des Maastricht-Vertrags (1992, des Amsterdamer Vertrags (1997 und des Nizza-Vertrags (2000 behandelt. Hierdurch bildet dieser Band eine wichtige Grundlage für die Diskussion über die Frauenpolitik der EU.This anthology, consisting of nine essays written by women authors, offers insights into central areas of EU politics: the European Economic and Currency Union, structural policies, policies dealing with gender equality, the expansion of the EU, as well as the creation of a new European constitution. These policies include relevant parts of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam, and the 2000 Treaty of Nizza. The information and insights presented here make this book an important basis for any discussions about EU women’s policies.

  6. Elektrochemische Kontrolle von Reibung auf Goldoberflächen in wässrigen Elektrolyten und ionischen Flüssigkeiten


    Hausen, Florian


    Die Kontrolle von Reibung auf kleiner Skala ist von fundamentaler Bedeutung, insbesondere im Hinblick auf die fortschreitende Miniaturisierung von mechanischen Bauteilen. Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wurden hochaufgelöste Experimente zur Reibung in ultrasauberen Flüssigkeiten durchgeführt, um so die Möglichkeiten der Kontrolle von Reibungskräften auf Gold in wässrigen Elektrolyten und ionischen Flüssigkeiten auf atomare Mechanismen zurückführen zu können. Die Kombination der Rasterkraftmikroskopie...

  7. Evaluation des Comet Assays bei neutralem pH zur Detektion von Alpha-Partikel induzierten DNA-Doppelstrangbrüchen


    Hofbauer, Daniela


    Das Ziel der Arbeit war die Darstellung von initialen DNA-Schäden in Tumorzellen, verursacht durch Bestrahlung mit Alpha-Partikeln. Mit Hilfe des Comet Assays lassen sich sowohl DNA-Einzelstrangbrüche als auch -Doppelstrangbrüche auf dem Niveau einer einzelnen Zelle darstellen. Als Alpha-Strahler wurde Americium-241 verwendet. Für vergleichende Untersuchungen wurde auch der Gamma-Emitter Caesium-137 eingesetzt. Auf Grund von technischen Problemen bei der Durchführung sowohl des neutralen als ...

  8. How Structural Deficiencies Hamper Estonia’s Catching-up Process. Strukturschwächen als Hemmnis für Estlands Aufholprozess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Schrader


    Full Text Available Estonia is widely regarded as a paramount example for a successful transformation of a socialist economic system to a functioning market economy. Against the backdrop of this positive image which contrasts strongly with the crisis scenarios in Southern Europe the remaining problems of Estonia are often ignored. Estonia has hardly succeeded in catching-up economically with the richer countries of the EU. In this paper the authors raise the question why the catching-up process of Estonia is not as successful as it could have been expected from the policy performance during the last decades. It turns out that Estonia faces a serious productivity problem, particularly in the manufacturing sector producing tradable goods which is normally the driving engine behind economic and technological catching-up. The Estonian economy has failed to undergo the necessary structural change towards technologically more advanced employment structures and export patterns. Accordingly, Estonian economic policy needs to create a suitable business environment to support this kind of structural change.

  9. Jasmonic acid and methyl dihydrojasmonate enhance saponin biosynthesis as well as expression of functional genes in adventitious roots of Panax notoginseng F.H. Chen. (United States)

    Li, Jinxin; Wang, Juan; Wu, Xiaolei; Liu, Dahui; Li, Jing; Li, Jianli; Liu, Shujie; Gao, Wenyuan


    Panax notoginseng, an important herbal medicine, has wide uses for its bioactive compounds and health function. In this work, we compared the content of saponin in cultivation and adventitious root. The total content of saponins in adventitious root (8.48 mg⋅g(-1) ) was found lower than in the native one (3-year-old) (34.34 mg⋅g(-1) ). To enhance the content of bioactive compounds, we applied elicitors jasmonic acid (JA) and methyl dihydrojasmonate (MDJ) to the adventitious root culture. It was observed that the highest total content of saponins (71.94 mg⋅g(-1) ) was achieved after treatment with 5 mg⋅L(-1) JA, which was 2.09-fold higher than native roots and 8.45-fold higher than the control group. The findings from high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry analysis showed that six new compounds were present after the treatment with the elicitors. Furthermore, we found that JA and MDJ significantly upregulated the expression of the geranyl diphosphate synthase, farnesyl diphosphate synthase, squalene synthase, squalene epoxidase, dammarenediol synthase, and CYP716A47 and CYP716A53v2 (CYP450 enzyme) genes; downregulated the expression of the cycloartenol synthase gene; and increased superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activities. © 2016 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  10. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terrone, Antonio


    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and

  11. Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures: comment by Rixin Chen and Zhimai Lv and reply from Gerhard Litscher (United States)


    A comment on G. Litscher: Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures. Biomed. Eng. OnLine 2005, 4:38 (15 June 2005), with a response by the author. PMID:21906400

  12. The effect of exercise training on the metabolic interaction between feeding and locomotion in the juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen). (United States)

    Li, Xiu-Ming; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Fu, Shi-Jian


    The southern catfish exhibits the largest decrease in critical swimming speeds (U(crit)) during digestion among the fish species that have been investigated. To test whether the maximum metabolic capacity of the southern catfish was improved after exercise training to alleviate the competitive interaction between digestion and swimming, we measured postprandial metabolic responses, U(crit) and oxygen consumption rates (MO(2)) during swimming in both fasting and digesting fish. Twenty-one days of training (50 min swimming at 60% U(crit) followed by 10 min chasing) did not produce significant differences in resting MO(2) (MO(2rest)) or postprandial peak MO(2) (MO(2peak)). However, it did result in a significant decrease in energy expenditure during digestion. Feeding caused a significant decrease in U(crit) and an increase in active MO(2) (MO(2active)), whereas training caused a significant increase in U(crit) but no significant change in MO(2active). Neither digestion nor training had a significant effect on metabolic scope (MO(2active)-MO(2rest)). Training had no interactive effect on postprandial changes in any measured variable, so we conclude that training did not alleviate the competitive interaction between digestion and swimming. Our results suggest that: (1) the metabolic capacity of nontrained fish cannot support the metabolic demands of both digestion and locomotion simultaneously, and swimming metabolism, therefore, is sacrificed to sustain digestion when feeding and locomotion are combined (digestion-prioritization mode); (2) the metabolic capacity and metabolic mode of competition did not change after training, but trained fish did exhibit improved swimming performance, possibly due to their increased rate of O(2) extraction.

  13. New World species of the genus Calliscelio Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae, Scelioninae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua-yan Chen


    Full Text Available The genus Calliscelio Ashmead is presumed to be a diverse group of parasitoids of the eggs of crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae. A least one species has been found to be an important factor in depressing cricket pest populations. The New World species of Calliscelio are revised. Forty-two species are recognized, 3 are redescribed: C. bisulcatus (Kieffer, C. laticinctus Ashmead, C. rubriclavus (Ashmead, comb. n.; and 38 are described as new: C. absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. armila Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. ruga Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. rugicoxa Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. storea Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. suni Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. telum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. torqueo Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. virga Chen & Johnson, sp. n. Four species are treated as junior synonyms of Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead: Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, syn. n., Caloteleia marlattii Ashmead, syn. n., Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, syn. n

  14. La Violencia y el Desarrollo de los Ninos (Violence and Young Children's Development). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Wallach, Lorraine B.

    This digest examines the developmental consequences for children who are the victims of or witnesses to family and community violence. A baby's ability to trust depends upon the family's ability to provide consistent caregiving, which is compromised when the infant's family lives in a community wracked by violence. When they reach toddlerhood,…

  15. The Digital Divide and Its Implications for the Language Arts. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Stoicheva, Mila

    In the early years of the Internet, there was an expectation that the availability and easy access to online resources of unparalleled abundance would increase educational equity throughout the socio-economic spectrum. In fact, research suggests that patterns of technology access often mirror existing inequalities rather than mitigate them, and if…

  16. Towards new prospects for electromagnetic compatibility. In: Metamaterials and Wave Control, Eric Lheurette (Ed)




    This chapter focuses on the potential of metamaterials in EMC applications. It is organized as follows. In section 4.2, a short overview of electromagnetic compatibility is given. To highlight the relevance of metamaterials in EMC problems, current trends in industrial applications as well as the consequent challenges arising in EMC are described. The cases of transport and telecommunications industries are considered. The two main applications foresighted are filtering and shielding. Section...

  17. Resolving Ethical Dilemmas in the Workplace: A New Focus for Career Development. ERIC Digest No. 112. (United States)

    Lankard, Bettina A.

    The diverse, multicultural population that constitutes today's work force faces ethical dilemmas on the job that bring pressures to protect their own or their company's interests, at the risk of losing their personal integrity. Employers and vocational and career development personnel are recognizing the need for decision-making and…

  18. Estandares: El medio ambiente de las politicas (Standards: The Policy Environment). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This digest in Spanish offers a snapshot of the standards movement: its origins, the definitions of standards and which ones matter, its successes at the district and state levels, the backlash against the movement, and possible policy directions. While a broad coalition of constituencies has embraced standards-based reform as a means of improving…

  19. Cancer Survivor Eric Dishman Is On a Precision Medicine Mission | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine (United States)

    ... records, independent living technologies for seniors, and behavioral markers for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, diabetes, and heart disease,” Collins said. “Dishman is widely recognized as a ...

  20. Teenage Pregnancy and Drug Abuse: Sources of Problem Behaviors. ERIC/CUE Digest No. 58. (United States)

    Bempechat, Janine; And Others

    Drug and alcohol abuse and teenage pregnancy are two behaviors manifested by at-risk children that are both a cause and a result of their lack of success in school and possible subsequent dropping out. The distinction between substance use and abuse may be determined using the following criteria: (1) age of onset; (2) physiological responses; (3)…

  1. Recent International Documents Added to the ERIC Database on Early Childhood Education and Public Policy. (United States)

    Rothenberg, Dianne


    Presents abstracts of 10 documents and 11 journal articles representing recent research related to early childhood education, policy and educational provision in Canada, Italy, Latin America, Caribbean, Great Britain, Japan, Africa, Sweden, El Salvador, and Australia. Topics include child labor and basic education, culture and curriculum, social…

  2. Institutional Goals and Student Costs. ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 2. (United States)

    Weathersby, George B.; Jacobs, Frederic

    This monograph considers the relationship of institutional goals to student costs. The authors believe that student goals and institutional goals differ, and that as students perceive the extent of the differences, they will expect institutions to more closely relate their activities to the objectives of students. This goal adjustment has been…

  3. Los fundamentos de la seguridad escolar (The Fundamentals of School Security). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Gaustad, Joan

    This digest in Spanish presents ways that school administrators can realistically assess their schools' security needs. It opens by reporting that some types of school violence are declining, such as self-reported weapon carrying and fighting on school property, which reflects an overall decline in youth violence. However, schools still must…

  4. Nasdaq loobub Londoni börsist OMX-i ostmiseks / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    USA tehnoloogiabörs Nasdaq konkureerib Dubai börsiga Skandinaavia ja Balti väärtpaberiturge juhtiva OMX-i ostmise pärast. Enn Metsari hinnangul on Tallinna börsi jaoks head mõlemad OMX-ile tehtud pakkumised

  5. Urban School-Community Parent Programs To Prevent Drug Use. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 130. (United States)

    Schwartz, Wendy

    This digest briefly discusses some ways to involve families in their children's drug prevention education. Helping children and teenagers stay away from drugs and those who use and sell drugs is an important job in which parents and other close relatives play the most important role. Because youth experiment with drugs for the same reasons they…

  6. Teenage Suicide: Identification, Intervention and Prevention. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Fact Sheet. (United States)

    Peters, Lori J.

    This fact sheet provides data on the incidence of teenage suicide and describes the stressors which can lead to suicide. Suicide as a three-step process is discussed and warning signs are identified. Counseling interventions are listed and suggestions for preventive efforts by community members, mental health professionals, school personnel,…

  7. Eric H. Glendinning and John McEwan, Oxford English for Information Technology


    Escudié, Chantal


    Ce manuel est un outil précieux dont la parution, au printemps 2002, a suscité l’intérêt de nombreux enseignants d’anglais intervenant auprès d’étudiants en informatique. Les 25 unités du manuel balayent largement le champ de l’informatique et sont globalement de bonne facture. Le livre du professeur est un vrai guide et nous en détaillerons plus loin les points positifs. Penchons-nous tout d’abord sur le manuel de l’étudiant. Il comporte 25 unités dont la structure est la suivante : Un exerc...

  8. Nueva investigacion sobre kindergarten de dia completo (Recent Research on All-Day Kindergarten). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Clark, Patricia

    Noting that much of the early research on the effects of all-day kindergarten had serious problems with internal and external validity due to inadequate methodological standards, this Spanish-language digest reviews research conducted in the 1990s. The digest discusses the academic, social, and behavioral effects of all-day kindergarten, as well…

  9. Prevencion de la violencia en las escuelas (School Violence Prevention). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Walker, Dean

    Tactics to deal with growing violence in schools have usually relied on removal of the offender by suspension or placement outside of the mainstream classroom. However, educators and psychologists are considering the prevention of violent behavior as both a more humane and cost-effective response to the problem. The relationship between school…

  10. Animal-Assisted Therapy in Counseling and School Settings. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Chandler, Cynthia

    The integration of animal-assisted therapy into clinical psychology is a growing phenomenon. These "co-therapists" may be of assistance to counselors when working with withdrawn and non-communicative counselees. The presence of an animal has been found to lower anxiety and motivate the counselee's participation in therapy.…

  11. Tenure, Promotion, and Reappointment: Legal and Administrative Implications. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 1. (United States)

    Baez, Benjamin; Centra, John A.

    This book addresses the legal implications of reappointment, promotion and tenure decisions bearing on college faculty with an emphasis on how understanding the relevant legal principles can inform practice. It uses scenarios and cases to illustrate the conflict between institutional and individual rights and the potential legal problems…

  12. Countering Prejudice against American Indians and Alaska Natives through Antibias Curriculum and Instruction. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Almeida, Deirdre A.

    Teaching from an antibias perspective means going beyond conventional multicultural education and introducing students to a working concept of diversity that challenges social stereotypes and discrimination. This digest describes current inadequacies in teaching about Native Americans, suggests ways to avoid common pitfalls, and provides…

  13. El Fomento de la Elasticidad en los Ninos (Fostering Resilience in Children). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Benard, Bonnie

    This digest summarizes studies that provide evidence that youth with multiple and severe risks in their lives can develop into confident and competent adults, and discusses the critical role schools can play in this process of development. Resilience is the term used to describe a set of qualities that foster a process of successful adaptation and…

  14. Los limites de las decisiones compartidas (The Limits of Shared Decision-Making). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Since the 1980s, shared decision making (SDM) has become a significant part of school-reform efforts. Advocates say that SDM will improve student learning, create teacher satisfaction, and develop new forms of leadership. This digest in Spanish presents an overview of research that investigated whether SDM delivers on these promises. Studies…

  15. On the Horizon: Important Future Directions for Career Development: ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hiebert, Bryan; Bezanson, M. Lynne

    Career development in Canada has been gaining prominence over the past decade. This digest outlines the principles on which career development must remain focused. First, the meaning of "career success" needs to be reconceptualized. With companies downsizing, people need to be able to view themselves as successful, despite changing…

  16. 82 VERNACULARISM AS IDEOLOGY Eric Omazu* ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ike Odimegwu

    collectively common and ordinary as far as their language is considered common and ordinary. This understanding is at the background of Pierre Bourdieu's understanding of language as symbolic power. (See Bereketeab 2010, 150). Bourdieu's insight goes beyond the general view of language as a communicative tool.

  17. Los Pactos entre Padres y Maestros (Teacher-Parent Partnerships). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Swick, Kevin J.

    Research provides insight into parent attributes that support partnerships with teachers. These attributes include warmth, sensitivity, nurturance, the ability to listen, consistency, positive self-image, personal competence, and effective interpersonal skills. Researchers have cited positive attitudes, continuous teacher training, involvement in…

  18. La Evaluacion del Desarrollo de los Alumnos Preescolares (Assessing the Development of Preschoolers). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Katz, Lilian G.

    To help parents address those aspects of their child's development which may need special encouragement, support, or intervention, this digest delineates 11 categories of behavior for assessment. Parents should not be alarmed if their children are having difficulty in only a few categories, and they should not judge their children's permanent…

  19. K-12 Single-Sex Education: What Does the Research Say? ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Haag, Pamela

    Although research on the effects of K-12 single-sex education is inconclusive in general, some common themes emerge in the research literature. This Digest reviews that research with particular attention to effects on girls' attitudes and achievement. The Digest first discusses attitudinal variables (i.e., self-esteem and attitudes toward academic…

  20. Home, School, and Community in Adolescent Education. ERIC/CUE Urban Diversity Series No. 84. (United States)

    Ianni, Francis A. J.

    Current research on adolescence provides plenty of facts about delinquency, unemployment, and illegitimacy, yet tells us little or nothing about the inner life of adolescents. In an attempt to provide more information, the research reported on here describes the "periods" of adolescence as they are structured in the various…

  1. Politicas de uniformes y codigos de vestuario (Uniforms and Dress-Code Policies). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish examines schools' dress-code policies and discusses the legal considerations and research findings about the effects of such changes. Most revisions to dress codes involve the use of uniforms, typically as a way to curb school violence and create a positive learning environment. A recent survey of secondary school principals…

  2. Nuevos patrones en el gobierno de los colegios (New Patterns of School Governance). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Renchler, Ron

    This digest in Spanish explains why public-school governance is receiving increasing scrutiny. It identifies who is held accountable for results in the current governance system and describes recent proposals for transforming governance structures. Since many reforms of the past decade bypassed the school board and district office, reformers are…

  3. Liderazgo para la cultura escolar (Leadership for School Culture). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Stolp, Stephen

    The concept of school culture offers principals and other leaders a broader framework for understanding problems and relationships within the school. School culture can be defined as the historically transmitted patterns of meaning that include the norms, values, beliefs, and myths understood by members of the school community. Researchers have…

  4. Upgrading the Target Language Proficiency Levels of Foreign Language Teachers. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Phillips, June K.

    Language teachers recognize that improving their foreign language proficiency is an ongoing process. New ways of evaluating teachers' language skills, and curriculum changes emphasizing performance highlight skill inadequacies. Many teachers have not reached functional language levels, and language skill upgrading is a more relevant issue than…

  5. The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  6. Evaluando la competencia social en los ninos (Assessing Young Children's Social Competence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    McClellan, Diane E.; Katz, Lilian G.

    During the past two decades, a convincing body of evidence has accumulated to indicate that unless children achieve minimal social competence by about the age of 6 years, they have a high probability of being at risk into adulthood in several ways. This digest presents a checklist of attributes of child social behavior that teachers are encouraged…

  7. Elderly Parents and Adult Children as Caregivers. Highlights: An ERIC/CAPS Digest. (United States)

    Libert, Anne Blanford

    This digest presents a contemporary description of the American elderly and adult children's caregiving to their parents. It includes a profile of the American elderly; a description of caregiving tasks performed by their adult children; and the impact of longer life expectancy, divorce rates, and employed daughters on caregiving. Caregiver strain…

  8. Project-Based Learning for Adult English Language Learners. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Moss, Donna; Van Duzer, Carol

    Project-based learning is an instructional approach that contextualizes learning by presenting learners with problems to solve or products to develop. For example, learners may research adult education resources in their community and create a handbook to share with other language learners in their program, or they might interview local employers…

  9. Improving ESL Learners' Listening Skills: At the Workplace and Beyond. ERIC PAIE Q & A. (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol

    Listening is a critical element in the competent language performance of adult second language learners. Listening is a demanding process, because of both the process itself and factors that characterize the listener, speaker, message content, and any accompanying visual support. The speaker's use of colloquial language and reduced forms,…

  10. Valid, Reliable, and Appropriate Assessments for Adult English Language Learners. ERIC Q & A. (United States)

    Kenyon, Dorry; Van Duzer, Carol

    This document examines the concepts of validity, reliability, and appropriateness from a language testing perspective as they apply to the following four assessment issues raised by the National Reporting System (NRS): (1) What type of language assessment seems to be required by the NRS: proficiency or achievement?; (2) Knowing that the NRS…

  11. Issues in Accountability and Assessment for Adult ESL Instruction. ERIC Q & A. (United States)

    Van Duzer, Carol

    This question and answer sheet describes the legislative background of current accountability requirements for English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs, the issues involved in testing level gain, and critical questions whose answers can lead the field forward. It focuses on the following: what the legislation requires; how states are meeting…

  12. ERIC First Analysis: Agricultural Policy. 1986-87 National High School Debate Resolutions. (United States)

    Wagner, David L.; Fraleigh, Douglas

    Designed to serve as a framework in which high school debate students, coaches, and judges can evaluate the issues, arguments, and evidence concerning which agricultural policies best serve the United States, this booklet provides guidelines for research on the 1986-87 debate resolutions selected by the National Federation of State High School…

  13. ERIC First Analysis: Water Resources; 1985-86 National High School Debate Resolutions. (United States)

    Wagner, David L.; Fraleigh, Douglas

    Designed to serve as a framework from which high school debate students, coaches, and judges can evaluate the issues, arguments and evidence present in the availability and quality of water resources in the United States, this booklet provides guidelines for research on the 1985-86 debate resolutions selected by the National Federation of State…

  14. Growing a Diverse Workforce in the Library and Information Science Professions. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lippincott, Kate

    The number of minority graduates from accredited graduate library and information science programs has increased in the decade from 1984-85 to 1994-95. However, the percentage of minority graduates of total graduates is small, increasing from 6.79 percent minority graduation in 1984-85 to 10.01 percent minority graduation in 1994-95. The library…

  15. Ameerika jääb number üheks / Robert Kagan ; interv. Eric Follath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kagan, Robert


    Intervjuus ajakirjale Der Spiegel kõneleb Ameerika neokonservatiivist õpetlane ja John McCaini nõunik Bushi-Cheney aastate pärandist, Ameerika ja selle tulevase presidendi ees seisvatest ülesannetest ning Hiina ja Venemaa kasvavast agressiivsusest

  16. Sexual Harassment in Higher Education from Conflict to Community. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Riggs, Robert O.; And Others

    This brief report summarizes a longer document with the same title. The report discusses the problem of sexual harassment on college campuses and what intervention strategies academic institutions can take to help eliminate the problem. It notes that sexual harassment is a form of sexual discrimination prohibited by federal law, and examines what…

  17. Civic Education Trends in Post-Communist Countries of Central and Eastern Europe. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hamot, Gregory E.

    Developments during the decade and a half following the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe indicate broad advancement in civic education for democracy. This digest notes the rising trend in civic education competency in Central and Eastern Europe, describes an increasingly accepted and used framework for civic education, and…

  18. The 70% Solution: Meeting the Need for High Skills. ERIC/CASS Digest. (United States)

    Hoyt, Kenneth B.; Maxey, James

    This document reports on the major activities carried out and the major findings produced by the Counseling for High Skills Project. Using a customer satisfaction approach, data were collected from 39,940 currently enrolled students in 2,145 programs in 361 postsecondary institutions in 14 states. The study examined what kinds of persons enroll in…

  19. Book Review, 50 Animali che hanno cambiato il corso della Storia, Eric Chaline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Graziani


    Full Text Available Copertina rigida "anticata", brossura cucita, carta di pregio, grafica curata nei minimi dettagli. Rientra senza dubbio nel novero della pubblicistica divulgativa di qualità questo volume uscito in Italia per i tipi di Ricca Editore. Un volume, elegante e classico, che racconta l'evoluzione dell'uomo da cacciatore ad agricoltore/pastore e, più in generale, di come ha preso piede nella storia il nuovo approccio nei confronti del regno animale. "Oltre al ruolo nel commercio e nell'agricoltura" scrive l'autore, "gli animali hanno contribuito in diversi altri modi alla cultura e alla storia dell'uomo. Alcuni come il leone, lo scarabeo sacro, il cobra e l'aquila di mare testa bianca hanno una lunga storia come simboli politici e religiosi. Nel campo della scienza e della medicina, lo studio di animali come il moscerino della frutta, il fringuello e l'iguanodonte è stato determinante per lo sviluppo della nostra conoscenza dell'evoluzione del mondo naturale."Ad ognuno dei 50 animali "che hanno cambiato il corso della Storia" viene dedicato un paragrafo sintetico, ma comunque esaustivo, corredato da foto, illustrazioni, immagini d'epoca e brevi notizie storiche, curiose e al contempo istruttive. Cosa unisce la zanzara al gin tonic? E l'ape alla mandorla? Lo sapevate che Buffalo Bill dove aver cacciato 4.000 bisonti nella sola stagione 1867-1868 divenne uno strenuo difensore della creatura vivente più grande dell'America del Nord? E che il lombrico, oltre alla sua incessante azione di riciclo biologico e minerale, è considerato una vera prelibatezza dai Maori della Nuova Zelanda? E ancora, che durante la seconda guerra mondiale un piccione chiamato G.I. Joe ricevette una medaglia dall'esercito degli Stati Uniti per aver salvato oltre mille persone? Oppure che, in contrasto con le superstizioni occidentali secondo le quali il gatto è di cattivo auspicio, in Giappone i gatti sono considerati dei veri portafortuna e che lo sport del polo ebbe origine nell'antica Persia come modo per addestrare le truppe della cavalleria alle tattiche di battaglia?

  20. Outdoor Centers and Camps: A 'Natural' Location for Youth Leadership Development. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Kielsmeier, James C.

    This digest offers camp leaders, outdoor experiential educators, school and college faculty, or youth agency staff who are interested in nurturing youth leaders a framework for designing youth leadership programs which employ an outdoor setting as a "leadership classroom." Basic categories for leadership theory are defined: trait theory,…

  1. El estres y los ninos pequenos (Stress and Young Children). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Jewett, Jan; Peterson, Karen

    Traditionally, stress has been defined in terms of its source (internal, such as hunger, pain, sensitivity to noise and external, such as separation from family, change in family composition, exposure to conflict or violence). Although the research literature tends to focus on the impact of single-variable stressors on children's development, in…

  2. How Well Are Charter Schools Serving Urban and Minority Students? ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 119. (United States)

    Schwartz, Wendy

    Charter schools are created and managed by an entity composed of parents and/ or teachers, community and/or business leaders, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit businesses. Many people believe that charter schools can provide a high quality education without the regulatory constraints of the conventional public schools. This digest reviews…

  3. Higher Education Trends (1997-1999): Students. ERIC-HE Trends. (United States)

    Kezar, Adrianna J.

    The literature on college students covers five themes: (1) financing, (2) disciplinary issues, (3) diversity, (4) retention, and (5) students' roles in campus innovations and change, although most of the literature is devoted to funding and student discipline. Most of the articles dealing with financing focus on the rising cost of tuition and…

  4. Improving Schooling to Reduce Teenage Pregnancy. ERIC/CUE Digest, Number 28. (United States)

    Ascher, Carol

    This brief digest discusses teenage pregnancy and various educational strategies that appear to affect pregnancy rates. While pregnancy among white teenagers has increased since the 1970s, the birthrate among black teenagers is still five to eight times higher. Teenage mothers and fathers have lower educational attainment and income than their…

  5. JENSEN, Eric (2004) "Cerebro y aprendizaje. Competencias e implicaciones educativas" Madrid : Narcea S.A. Ediciones


    Marcano Lárez, Beatriz E.


    En la presente obra, el autor hace importantes aportes para los interesados en profundizar en las bases biológicas del aprendizaje y sus manifestaciones en la práctica. Destaca las contribuciones de las neurociencias para la educación y le asigna gran valor a las mismas, no obstante, insta a los docentes a volverse lectores voraces y a desarrollarla investigación acción en el aula, en el sentido de probar estos hallazgos en la práctica pedagógica. Su expectativa es que progresivamente se tran...

  6. Mireya Keller, Gustav Mahler and Eric Neumann: Feminine Archetypes in En Tren de los Muertos


    McInnis, Judy B.


    En el tren de los muertos received Honorable Mention in the Contest Premio Fondo Nacional de las Artes in 1997; its author, Mireya Keller, has won numerous prizes, primarily for her short stories, in Chile and Argentina; she is also a prize-winning poet. She was born in Santiago, has resided in several Latin American countries and in Rome. Since 1992, she has lived in Buenos Aires where, since 1996, she has worked with a group of four writers to produce the radio program “Contextos”. Her nove...

  7. Alignment of Standards and Assessments as an Accountability Criterion. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    La Marca, Paul M.

    This digest provides an overview of the concept of alignment and the role it plays in assessment and accountability systems. It also discusses methodological issues affecting the study of alignment and explores the relationship between alignment and test score interpretation. Alignment refers to the degree of match between test content and subject…

  8. Planning for Parent Participation in Schools for Young Children. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Coleman, Mick

    Because family and school represent the primary environments in which young children grow and develop, it is important to build and maintain strong parent participation in preschool education. Teachers can plan parent participation strategies to give equal consideration to the needs of all families represented in a class. Teachers can plan for…

  9. Learning Disabilities: Glossary of Some Important Terms. ERIC Digest #E517. (United States)

    Lokerson, Jean

    This digest presents definitions of 30 important terms in the field of learning disabilities. They are: accommodations, assistive technology, attention deficit disorder, brain imaging techniques, brain injury, collaboration, developmental aphasia, direct instruction, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyslexia, dysnomia, dyspraxia, learned helplessness,…

  10. Violence in Audio-Visual Media: How Educators Can Respond. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hepburn, Mary A.

    Over the past 20 years there have been numerous studies and frequent warnings about violent television programs and movies arousing young people to act violently. Researchers have pointed to many hours of viewing excessive violence as a potential contributor to violent behavior by youngsters. This digest examines evidence of violence in television…

  11. Herzberg's Theory of Motivation and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. ERIC/AE Digest. (United States)

    Gawel, Joseph E.

    Among the behavioral theories embraced by American business are those of Frederick Herzberg and Abraham Maslow. Herzberg proposed a theory about job factors that motivate employees, and Maslow developed a theory about the rank and satisfaction of human needs and how people pursue those needs. This digest briefly outlines both theories and then…

  12. Professional School Counselors Can Make Positive Connections with Homeschoolers. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Dansby-Giles, Gloria

    The homeschooling movement has grown in popularity as evidenced by the involvement of an estimated 1.2 million students and cooperative programs offered by schools. There is however a sparsity of research dealing with the participation of homeschoolers in school counseling programs. The extension of services to homeschoolers would involve…

  13. El Apoyo a las Ninas en la Temprana Adolescencia (Supporting Girls in Early Adolescence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Rothenberg, Dianne

    Results of national studies suggest that for girls, the middle grades can be a time of significant decline in self-esteem and academic achievement. Reasons for this decline are not clearly indicated by research, but it is likely that multiple factors are involved. One factor is the preferential treatment boys receive in the classroom.…

  14. Olympic Casino trügib pokkeriga jõuliselt turismiturule / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    Olympic Casino rahvusvahelisel pokkeriturniiril oli osalejate hulk varasemast märgatavalt suurem. Hasartmängude korraldajate liidu tegevdirektori Tõnis Rüütli hinnangul on tekkinud uus turisminishsh, mida võib nimetada pokkeriturismiks. Diagrammid

  15. Abuso sexual por parte de los empleados del colegio (Sexual Misconduct by School Employees). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Goorian, Brad

    This digest in Spanish defines sexual misconduct and offers guidelines that school boards and administrators can initiate to protect students from unwanted sexual behavior. The law recognizes two types of sexual misconduct: quid pro quo, when a school employee grants a student a favor in exchange for sexual gratification, and hostile environment,…

  16. Building Leadership Skills in Middle School Girls through Interscholastic Athletics. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hart, Lawrence; Gary, Juneau Mahan; Duhamel, Christie Creney; Homefield, Kimberly

    For the middle school-aged female athlete, self-esteem, empowerment, and self-confidence are often bolstered through participation in interscholastic competitive sports. These traits are also traits of leadership. This digest discusses how many contributing factors and people mold the student athlete into a leader but the process must be…

  17. Computer Software: Copyright and Licensing Considerations for Schools and Libraries. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Reed, Mary Hutchings

    This digest notes that the terms and conditions of computer software package license agreements control the use of software in schools and libraries, and examines the implications of computer software license agreements for classroom use and for library lending policies. Guidelines are provided for interpreting the Copyright Act, and insuring the…

  18. Juegos de videos: Investigacion, puntajes y recomendaciones (Video Games: Research, Ratings and Recommendations). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Cesarone, Bernard

    This Spanish-language digest reviews research on the demographics and effects of video game playing, discusses game rating systems, and offers recommendations for parents. The digest begins by discussing research on the time children spend playing electronic games, which shows that younger children's game playing at home (90% of fourth-graders…

  19. Motivacion y estudiantes de secundaria (Motivation and Middle School Students). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Anderman, Lynley Hicks; Midgley, Carol

    Research has shown a decline in motivation and performance for many children as they move from elementary school into middle school; however, research has also shown that the nature of motivational change on entry to middle school depends on characteristics of the learning environment in which students find themselves. This Digest outlines some…

  20. What Parents Want To Know about Foreign Language Immersion Programs. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Fortune, Tara W.; Tedick, Diane J.

    Modeled after the pioneering French immersion programs developed in Canada in the 1960s, foreign language immersion programs in the United States are designed to enrich the education of native-English-speaking students by teaching them all of their academic subjects in a second language. The goal is for students to become proficient in the second…

  1. Motivating Students for Excellence. The Best of ERIC on Educational Management, Number 73. (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.

    The first 2 of the 12 publications reviewed in this annotated bibliography use Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs to address problems, respectively, of teaching composition and of motivating students by teaching them how to set goals, formulate goal-achievement strategies, and successfully implement their plans. Subsequent reports suggest ways of…

  2. "what's the use of poetry..." : [luuletused] / Jürgen Rooste ; tlk. Eric Dickens

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rooste, Jürgen, 1979-


    "what's the use of poetry..." ; "in danish town rivers are flowing..." ; "at work..." ; "WILL YOU LOVE ME UNTIL THE EDGE OF ETERNETY...". Orig.: "milleks on vaja luulet..." ; "töö juures..." ; "KASSA ARMASTAD MIND IGAVIKU ÄÄRENI..."

  3. Rändluskõne hind alaneb peagi kuni kaks korda / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    30. juunil 2007 jõustunud Euroopa Komisjoni määrusest, mille kohaselt alandatakse alates 30. juulist Euroopa Liidu siseste rändluskõnede (roaming) hinda. Lisatud diagramm: rändluse kõnehinnad alanevad 2009. aastani

  4. Teaching the Abused Migrant Child: What's a Teacher To Do? ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Wolverton, Lorrie

    Research conducted by Eastern Stream Child Abuse Prevention and Education (ESCAPE) from 1982-1985 clearly identified migrant children as a population at high risk of being maltreated. It is therefore imperative that migrant teachers understand the dynamics of maltreatment and what they, as individuals, can do to prevent it. Child abuse is…

  5. Marketing in Higher Education. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 5, 1981. (United States)

    Grabowski, Stanley M.

    Approaches to developing a successful marketing program for universities that is fair to both students and the academic integrity of the institution are considered. A comprehensive marketing plan includes market research, positioning, strategy formulation; recruitment/admission, communications, curriculum evaluation, retention, and evaluation.…

  6. Ambientes de lenguaje y alfabetizacion en programas preescolares (Language and Literacy Environments in Preschools). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Snow, Catherine E.; Burns, M. Susan; Griffin, Peg

    Because of the variation in support for literacy development in different homes, many children need high-quality preschool and school environments and excellent primary instruction to be sure of reading success. This Spanish-language Digest discusses the research on preschool literacy environments and their contributions to reading skills…

  7. Liberal Education in Transition. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No. 3, 1980. (United States)

    Conrad, Clifton F.; Wyer, Jean C.

    The changing tradition of liberal education in America is examined against the backdrop of Greek, medieval, colonial American and German expressions of the liberal tradition and its necessary humanistic disciplines and pursuits. After a historical discussion of various manifestations of liberal education through the ages, recent strains of liberal…

  8. Tartu Jaani kirik = The St John's Church in Tartu / Kaur Alttoa ; tõlk. Eric Dickens

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alttoa, Kaur, 1947-


    Kiriku ehitusloost, ajaloost, arhitektuurist, interjööridest. 1991. a. alanud kiriku taastamisest. Restaureerimisprojektist (arhitekt Udo Tiirmaa, insener H. Uuetalu, kunstiajaloolane Kaur Alttoa), terrakotaskulptuuride konserveerimisest. Ehitab firma "Wunibald". 9 ill

  9. Uncovering the Hidden Web, Part II: Resources for Your Classroom. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Mardis, Marcia

    Too often, search engines don't see and directories can overlook clearinghouses, digital libraries, full-text databases, and learning objects. In contrast, the hidden Web is rich with these high quality and cutting-edge learning materials. By integrating resources from the hidden Web into the classroom, educators extend their instruction in new…

  10. Uncovering the Hidden Web, Part I: Finding What the Search Engines Don't. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Mardis, Marcia

    Currently, the World Wide Web contains an estimated 7.4 million sites (OCLC, 2001). Yet even the most experienced searcher, using the most robust search engines, can access only about 16% of these pages (Dahn, 2001). The other 84% of the publicly available information on the Web is referred to as the "hidden,""invisible," or…

  11. Selecting Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Materials: Suggestions for Service Providers. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Santos, Rosa Milagros; Reese, Debbie

    The population of the United States is growing more culturally diverse each year, and this diversity is clearly evident among families with young children; however, individuals who work in early childhood programs are not as diverse as those they serve. Moreover, many early childhood professionals have little preparation for working with families…

  12. USA dollari jätkuv nõrgenemine toob Kreenholmile tulu / Eric Katskowski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Katskowski, Eric


    Kreenholm Holding Groupi finantsdirektori Aivar Meldersi sõnul on dollari nõrgenemine olnud ettevõttele kasulik. Kreenholm tarnib pool puuvillakogusest USA-st ning müüb 85% kaubast Lääne-Euroopasse. Graafik: Dollari kurss Eesti krooni suhtes

  13. Credit Card Usage and Debt among College and University Students. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Holub, Tamara

    Since the late 1990s, lawmakers, college officials, consumer advocacy groups, and higher education practitioners have become increasingly concerned about the rising use of credit cards among college students. Some recent studies have provided information about credit card use among college students. These studies include: (1) a study conducted by…

  14. Tecnologias mas nuevas para la seguridad escolar (Newer Technologies for School Security). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Schneider, Tod

    This digest in Spanish describes several technologies that can be used to control access to, and improve surveillance of, school grounds. Access can be controlled by using "smart" cards to control keyed entries. Many schools have problems with multiple copies of keys, and these card systems are integrated with computer software that…

  15. Interdisciplinarity: The Mutable Paradigm. AAHE/ERIC/Higher Education Research Report No 9, 1978. (United States)

    Mayville, William V.

    The many forms of interdisciplinarity in higher education institutions and the various ways it has been used to advance curricular changes are examined. Definitions of interdisciplinarity and its variants (multi-, pluri-, and transdisciplinarity) provide a conceptual framework for the examination. In this study, interdisciplinarity is understood…

  16. Should Your College Start a Center for the Delivery of Contract Training Programs? ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Deegan, William L.

    Community colleges have been at the forefront in providing contract training programs for clients such as businesses, health care organizations, and government agencies. Many state governments are beginning to provide resources for these programs as an incentive to attract or retain business and industry. One of the consequences of the demand for…

  17. Learning about the Human Genome. Part 1: Challenge to Science Educators. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Haury, David L.

    This digest explains how to inform high school students and their parents about the human genome project (HGP) and how the information from this milestone finding will affect future biological and medical research and challenge science educators. The sections include: (1) "The Emerging Legacy of the HGP"; (2) "Transforming How…

  18. Adult Development: Implications for Adult Education. Overview. ERIC Digest No. 41. (United States)

    Naylor, Michele

    Various researchers, including Carl Jung, Charlotte Buhler, Erik Erikson, and Robert Havighurst, have formulated sequential models of adult development. More recent investigators, such as Daniel Levinson, Roger Gould, and Gail Sheehy have formulated age-related sequential models of adult development that view the various stages of adulthood in…

  19. Journal Writing in Experiential Education: Possibilities, Problems, and Recommendations. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Dyment, Janet E.; O'Connell, Timothy S.

    This digest explores the literature related to journal writing from various disciplines, including psychology, language studies, outdoor education, and experiential education. Although journal writing has been around since ancient times, it was not until the early 1960s that it flourished as a learning tool. Instructors from a wide range of…

  20. Perfilando a los estudiantes en relacion con la violencia (Profiling Students for Violence). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lumsden, Linda

    This digest in Spanish discusses student profiling and describes strategies for reducing the risk of violence in schools. "Student profiling" refers to a process in which checklists of behaviors and personal characteristics associated with youth who have perpetrated violence are used to determine a student's potential for future…

  1. Communicative Competence. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 15. (United States)

    Allen, Edward D.

    In the first part of this paper several theories on the subject of communicative competence are examined. Part 2 is devoted to a discussion of how a teacher can test for communicative competence, and the practicality of this type of testing, in terms of class time, equipment required and objective grading, is emphasized. Part 3 summarizes a number…

  2. ACTFL Annual Bibliography, 1974. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 35. (United States)

    Benseler, David P., Comp.

    This 2,380-item annotated bibliography is a selective list of books and articles related to foreign language pedagogy. The entries are grouped by topic, in the following individual sections: Festschriften and Other Analyzed Collections, General, Bilingualism, Linguistics, Culture, Teaching the Foreign Literature, Curricular Problems and…

  3. Error Analysis in the Classroom. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 12. (United States)

    Powell, Patricia B.

    This paper begins with a discussion of the meaning and importance of error analysis in language teaching and learning. The practical implications of what error analysis is for the classroom teacher are discussed, along with several possible systems for classifying learner errors. The need for the language teacher to establish certain priorities in…

  4. Working Papers in Linguistics. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 5. (United States)

    Shopen, Tim, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography, compiled in an effort to improve the dissemination of linguistic information, provides information about 53 working papers series. It is the result of responses to questionnaires sent out during the past year. Most of the inquiries were made at institutions within the United States, but a few entries from other…

  5. USA kongresmen Chandler - sõber, kes aitas Eestil tunnustust leida / Eric A. Johnson, Oliver Prits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.


    Advokaadi ja USA kongressi liikme Walter M. Chandleri (1867-1935) tegevusest Balti riikide de jure tunnustamiseks. Lisatud: USA valitsuse avaldus Balti riikide tunnustamisest ; väike elulugu : Jeesuse advokaat

  6. Ameeriklased, kes andsid elu Eesti eest / Eric A. Johnson, Pille Lodi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.


    Ameerika ühendriikide leitnandid, Punase Risti ohvitserid Clifford A. Blanton ja George W. Winfield surid Narvas 1920. aasta märtsis, kui osalesid vabatahtlikult missioonil, et tüüfuseepideemias linna ümber karantiinitsoon luua

  7. Las estrategias de un lider (The Strategies of a Leader). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    A decade ago, principals were asked to become instructional leaders who exercised firm control by setting goals, maintaining discipline, and evaluating results. Today, they are encouraged to act as facilitative leaders by building teams, creating networks, and "governing from the center." Rapid shifts in administrative philosophy can be…




  9. List of Participants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    List of Participants. Margo Aller. Denis Bastieri. Xiongwei Bi. Weihao Bian. Vera Bychkova. Bo Chai. Jianling Chen. Xuhui Chen. Ye Chen. Zhifu Chen. Yongjun Chen. Liang Chen. Zhaoyu Chen. Kwongsang Cheng. Lang Cui. Benzhong Dai. Zhen Ding. Dimitrios Emmanoulopoulos. Xiaohong Fan. Junhui Fan. Longxing Fan.

  10. Locadiff with ambient seismic noise : theoretical background and application to monitoring volcanoes and active faults. (United States)

    Larose, Eric; Obermann, Anne; Planes, Thomas; Rossetto, Vincent; Margerin, Ludovic; Sens-Schoenfelder, Christoph; Campillo, Michel


    This contribution will cover recent theoretical, numerical, and field data processing developments aiming at modeling how coda waves are perturbed (in phase and amplitude) by mechanical changes in the crust. Using continuous ambient seismic noise, we cross-correlate data every day and compare the coda of the correlograms. We can relative velocity changes and waveform decorrelation along the year, that are related to mechanical changes in the shallow crust, associated to the seismic or volcanic activity, but also to environmental effects such as hydrology. Bibliography : Anne Obermann, Thomas Planes, Eric Larose and Michel Campillo, Imaging pre- and co-eruptive structural changes of a volcano with ambient seismic noise, J. Geophys. Res. 118 6285-6294 (2013). A. Obermann, B. Froment, M. Campillo, E. Larose, T. Planès, B. Valette, J. H. Chen, and Q. Y. Liu, Seismic noise correlations to image structural and mechanical changes associated with the Mw7.9 2008-Wenchuan earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 119, 1-14,(2014). Thomas Planès, Eric Larose, Ludovic Margerin, Vincent Rossetto, Christoph Sens-Schoenfelder, Decorrelation and phase-shift of coda waves induced by local changes : Multiple scattering approach and numerical validation, Waves in Random and Complex Media 24, 99-125, (2014)

  11. Reforzando a los Alumnos Diversos Culturalmente y Linguisticamente con Aprendizaje. Traduccion de ERIC EC Digest #E500. (Empowering Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Learning Problems). Translation of ERIC EC Digest #E500. (United States)

    Cummins, Jim

    This digest describes ways in which professionals who work with students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds can create an educational climate that accepts and respects the language and culture of its students and empowers them to feel confident enough to risk getting involved in the learning process. Methods of creating such an…

  12. Igualdad y suficiencia en las finanzas de la educacion (Equity and Adequacy in Educational Finance). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hadderman, Margaret

    This digest in Spanish discusses efforts to achieve financial equity in education. It describes the extent of financial disparity and how, after 3 decades of litigation, such disparities among districts and among states remain high. In New Jersey alone, the per-pupil expenditures ranged from $5,900 to $11,950. Even with such inequities, some…

  13. Catusse Myriam, Destremau Blandine et Verdier Eric (dir.), L’État face aux débo


    Longuenesse, Élisabeth


    Cet ouvrage est le résultat d’un programme de coopération entre deux petites équipes françaises issues de l’Iremam et du Lest, et quelques équipes universitaires ou de recherche maghrébines (le Crasc à Oran, le Leid à Rabat, le Creq à Marrakech), qui visait à interroger les logiques de redéploiement de l’action publique face à la crise sociale « à travers trois activités, se former, travailler, être protégé ». Le livre compte 15 chapitres, dont près de la moitié (sept) traitent de la formatio...

  14. Como ayudar a los padres a prevenir el envenenamiento por plomo (Helping Parents Prevent Lead Poisoning). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Binns, Helen J.; Ricks, Omar Benton

    Children are at greater risk than adults for lead poisoning because children absorb lead more readily than adults, and a small amount of lead in children's bodies can do a great deal of harm. This Spanish-language Digest summarizes some of the causes and effects of childhood lead poisoning and suggests some lead poisoning prevention strategies…

  15. Enhancing Promotion, Tenure and Beyond: Faculty Socialization as a Cultural Process. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 6. (United States)

    Tierney, William G.; Rhoads, Robert A.

    This monograph examines the importance of understanding faculty socialization as a cultural process in the context of the current changes urged on higher education. An opening section explores the links between culture and commitment and the importance of understanding such links in light of faculty diversity and other challenges. A second section…

  16. The interdisciplinary role of space geodesy; Proceedings of the International Workshop, Erice, Italy, July 23-29, 1988 (United States)

    Mueller, Ivan I. (Editor); Zerbini, Susanna (Editor)


    The current status of space geodesy and research plans for the 1990s are discussed in reviews and reports. Sections are devoted to the short-term and long-term dynamics of the solid earth, interactions between space geodesy and other disciplines and programs (geodynamics, earth structure, ocean physics, atmosphere and climate, planetary science, and fundamental physics), instrumentation, data analysis, reference coordinate systems, and education. Also provided are overviews of the French, ESA, and NASA geodetic research programs and descriptions of the Soviet Glonass navigation satellites, the WEGENER/MEDLAS observation program, and the Lageos II laser-ranging satellites. Diagrams, graphs, maps, and tables of numerical data are provided.

  17. Pueden las reducciones no afectar la viabilidad de los programas escolares? (Can Cutbacks Leave School Programs Viable?). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Weber, James

    Most public schools, out of financial necessity, have had to reduce costs while maintaining facilities and essential programs and remaining accountable for student outcomes. School downsizing can mean making painful decisions about program elimination and staff layoffs. This digest in Spanish offers suggestions for using downsizing to some…

  18. Faculty Research Performance: Lessons from the Sciences and the Social Sciences. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 4, 1985. (United States)

    Creswell, John W.

    The literature on faculty research performance is reviewed, with a focus on research by individual faculty members. The literature on the sociology of science and data-based results from sociological studies are emphasized. Attention is directed to measures of performance, the explanations and specific correlates likely to influence high research…

  19. Making a Community Interesting to Itself: Providing a Social Education through Urban History and Neighborhood Studies. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Danzer, Gerald A.

    Community studies and an urban focus are returning to the social studies. This digest reviews urban studies from a historical perspective. The first section discusses the value of studying cities, noting that city living is becoming fashionable again, and a movement called the New Urbanism has brought a new appreciation for the social, cultural,…

  20. The Assessment of Minority Groups: An Annotated Bibliography. ERIC-IRCD Urban Disadvantaged Series, Number 34, August 1973. (United States)

    Barabas, Jean, Comp.

    The materials cited here represent information on such diverse but interrelated areas as: methods of assessing achievement, intelligence, personality factors, and attitudes; effects of testing on self concept and employment opportunities; prediction of academic success; reliability and validity of specific tests; criticism of the methods and use…

  1. An enhanced rheometer inertia correction procedure (ERIC) for the study of gelling systems using combined motor-transducer rheometers (United States)

    Hudson, R. E.; Holder, A. J.; Hawkins, K. M.; Williams, P. R.; Curtis, D. J.


    The rheological characterisation of viscoelastic materials undergoing a sol-gel transition at the Gel Point (GP) has important applications in a wide range of industrial, biological, and clinical environments and can provide information regarding both kinetic and microstructural aspects of gelation. The most rigorous basis for identifying the GP involves exploiting the frequency dependence of the real and imaginary parts of the complex shear modulus of the critical gel (the system at the GP) measured under small amplitude oscillatory shear conditions. This approach to GP identification requires that rheological data be obtained over a range of oscillatory shear frequencies. Such measurements are limited by sample mutation considerations (at low frequencies) and, when experiments are conducted using combined motor-transducer (CMT) rheometers, by instrument inertia considerations (at high frequencies). Together, sample mutation and inertia induced artefacts can lead to significant errors in the determination of the GP. Overcoming such artefacts is important, however, as the extension of the range of frequencies available to the experimentalist promises both more accurate GP determination and the ability to study rapidly gelling samples. Herein, we exploit the frequency independent viscoelastic properties of the critical gel to develop and evaluate an enhanced rheometer inertia correction procedure. The procedure allows acquisition of valid GP data at previously inaccessible frequencies (using CMT rheometers) and is applied in a study of the concentration dependence of bovine gelatin gelation GP parameters. A previously unreported concentration dependence of the stress relaxation exponent (α) for critical gelatin gels has been identified, which approaches a limiting value (α = 0.7) at low gelatin concentrations, this being in agreement with previous studies and theoretical predictions for percolating systems at the GP.

  2. La calidad del cuidado infantil: Un resumen para padres (Child Care Quality: An Overview for Parents). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Patten, Peggy; Ricks, Omar Benton

    Many parents want to know how important the quality of care is to children's social, emotional, and academic development. This Digest synthesizes some major recent research on child care quality. First, the Digest explains what features contribute to quality of care. The Digest also explains the differences between studies of how quality is…

  3. Como los colegios asignan y utilizan sus recursos? (How Schools Allocate and Use Their Resources). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Picus, Lawrence O.

    School finance has traditionally concentrated on the distribution of resources to school districts, focusing primarily on the equitable distribution of funds within a state. In recent years, more attention has been paid to the issue of productivity--how effectively school districts use the funds they receive to provide education to students. This…

  4. The Value of a Thematic Organization for Language Arts, Grades 6-8. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary. (United States)

    Smith, Carl B., Ed.

    This topical bibliography and commentary highlights the major points of the available literature on the value of using a "thematic organization" for the teaching of language arts classes in grades 6 through 8. It begins with a definition of the thematic organization approach, as culled from the literature. It then presents briefly a few examples…




  6. El juego de aparentar y el desarrollo de los ninos pequenos (Pretend Play and Young Children's Development). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Bergen, Doris

    Although pretend play has long been part of the early childhood curriculum, recent emphasis on accountability in education seems to have led to a decline in the general understanding of the contribution that high-quality play can make to children's cognitive development in the early years. This Spanish-language Digest defines the cluster of…

  7. Motivation of Teachers. ACSA School Management Digest, Series 1, Number 18. ERIC/CEM Research Analysis Series, Number 46. (United States)

    Thompson, Sydney

    This publication discusses intrinsic teacher motivation by reviewing human resources literature and making use of educational literature and interviews with working educators. First it provides sketches of the work motivation theories of McGregor, Maslow, Herzberg, and Deci. Next, the paper examines the work and problems of teachers. Finally, it…

  8. Van koploper energie verbruiker naar kampioen energie besparen : Nieuwe kennis ontwikkelen en toepassen (interview met Eric Poot en Jouke Campen)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arkesteijn, M.; Poot, E.H.; Campen, J.B.


    Kas als Energiebron is het innovatie- en actieprogramma van de sector en de overheid om de energiedoelen binnen bereik te brengen en telers kennis in handen te geven om energie te besparen en duurzame energie in te zetten. Het programma heeft al veel innovaties opgeleverd, waarvan een flink aantal

  9. USA ajakirjandusõppejõud: maailm on tänu Wikileaksile parem / Eric Freedman ; intervjueerinud Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Freedman, Eric


    Intervjuu Pulitzeri preemia laureaadi ja ajakirjandusõppejõuga ajakirjanduse õpetamisest postsovetlikes riikides, paberajalehe tulevikust, sotsiaalmeediast ja Wikileaksist, isikuandmete kaitsest ja andmete avaldamisest, trendidest USA meedias

  10. The Seneca Falls Convention: Teaching about the Rights of Women and the Heritage of the Declaration of Independence. ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Osborn, Elizabeth R.

    Different groups at different times have turned to founding documents of the United States to meet their needs and to declare their entitlement to the promises of the Revolution of 1776. At Seneca Falls, New York in the summer of 1848, a group of U.S. men and women met to discuss the legal limitations imposed on women during this period. Their…

  11. Los estudiantes que se mudan de escuela y el logro academico (Student Mobility and Academic Achievement). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Rumberger, Russell W.

    Student mobility (students moving from one school to another for reasons other than being promoted to the next school level) is widespread in the United States. This Spanish-language Digest examines the research on the academic consequences of mobility for elementary school students and discusses what schools and parents can do to mitigate the…

  12. A Selected Bibliography on Language Input To Young Children. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics. (United States)

    Andersen, Elaine S., Comp.

    Thirty-one papers and reports dealing with recent work on language input to children are listed in this annotated bibliography. The annotations, which are descriptive rather than evaluative, summarize the design of each study, the nature of the data, and some of the results and conclusions. Entries by P. Broen, J. Bynon, L. Cherry, J. M. Crawford,…

  13. Using Community Resources in Foreign Language Teaching. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 7. (United States)

    Levy, Stephen L.

    The objective of this paper is to show how the resources of the community can be incorporated into a foreign language program. The term "community," as used here, refers to the educational component of a district, local political organizations, religious groups, cultural organizations, professional organizations, civic organizations, community and…

  14. Listening Comprehension in the Foreign Language Classroom. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 16. (United States)

    Quinn, Terence; Wheeler, James

    This paper suggests that language teachers reconsider their approach to listening comprehension, as recent studies seem to indicate that listening is not a passive but a highly active skill. The importance of listening comprehension as an independent skill is stressed in the first section, and principles of speech processing from which the…

  15. Evaluando los resultados de la reforma escolar total (Evaluating the Results of Whole-School Reform). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Hertling, Elizabeth

    This digest in Spanish examines what is involved in evaluating whole-school reform programs. Such evaluations are necessary to renew Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) program grants and are intended to help schools determine what is working and what needs to be changed. Two primary goals of CSRD evaluation are to create a flexible…

  16. Estrategias para mejorar los resultados academicos para las latinas (Strategies for Improving the Educational Outcomes of Latinas). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Schwartz, Wendy

    The educational experiences of Latinas are affected by the interaction of many factors, including poverty, racism, sexual harassment, and lack of English language proficiency. This Spanish-language digest presents a range of strategies that schools can employ to promote the academic achievement of Latinas. Schools should communicate that Hispanic…

  17. Ultrasonic evaluation of central retinal artery hemodynamics in patients with hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy and the correlation with diseaseChen-Xia Liu, Jing-Mian Zhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Xia Liu


    Full Text Available Objective: To study the correlation between central retinal artery hemodynamic characteristics in patients with hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy and endothelial injury molecules as well as trophoblast cell apoptosis molecules. Methods: 45 healthy pregnant women, 37 patients with gestational hypertension and 24 patients with preeclampsia who gave birth in Obstetrics Department of our hospital between May 2013 and December 2015 were selected and included in the control group, GH group and PE group respectively. Central retinal artery ultrasonography was done to determine peak systolic velocity (PSV, end-diastolic velocity (EDV and resistance index (RI, serum was collected to determine interleukin-6 (IL-6, IL- 17, IL-24, chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10 and cartilage glycoprotein 40 (YKL40 content, and placenta tissue was collected to determine Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression. Results: Central retinal artery PSV and EDV as well as XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression in placenta of GH group and PE group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.05 while central retinal artery RI, serum IL-6, IL- 17, IL-24, CXCL10 and YKL40 content as well as Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 expression in placenta were significantly higher than those of control group (P<0.05. Central retinal artery PSV and EDV as well as XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression in placenta of PE group were significantly lower than those of GH group (P<0.05 while central retinal artery RI, serum IL-6, IL-17, IL-24, CXCL10 and YKL40 content as well as Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 expression in placenta were significantly higher than those of GH group (P<0.05. Serum IL-6, IL-17, IL-24, CXCL10 and YKL40 content as well as Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 expression in placenta were negatively correlated with PSV and EDV, and positively correlated with RI; XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression in placenta were positively correlated with PSV and EDV, and negatively correlated with RI. Conclusions: Central retinal artery blood flow characteristics in patients with hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy are the significantly increased blood flow resistance and the significantly decreased blood flow volume, and the above blood flow characteristics are associated with maternal endothelial injury and trophoblast cell apoptosis.

  18. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten

    -linked peptides have been enriched with SCX-StageTips. High resolution MS/MS spectra were acquired on an LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer coupled online to a nanoHPLC. Singly and doubly charged ions were rejected for fragmentation. Peak lists were generated with MaxQuant. The database searches for cross......, the cross-link data and the crystal structure can be harmonized. We suggest that cross-linking can capture aspects of protein dynamics in solution that are not observable in static crystal structures....

  19. (Asian) Life (in Asia) - Book reviews of Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (Ed.): Frameworks of Choice, Amsterdam, Amsterdam Press 2010 and Aihwa Ong & Nancy Chen: Asian Biotech, Durham & London, Duke University Press 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Ayo


    This article is concerned with the idea of societal 'spaciousness' and its relationship to individual and collective autonomy. These issues are analyzed in the context of the eviction of a self-managed social center of left-radical activists in Copenhagen and the protests and public debate...

  20. (Asian) Life (in Asia) - Book reviews of Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (Ed.): Frameworks of Choice, Amsterdam, Amsterdam Press 2010 and Aihwa Ong & Nancy Chen: Asian Biotech, Durham & London, Duke University Press 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Ayo


    This article is concerned with the idea of societal 'spaciousness' and its relationship to individual and collective autonomy. These issues are analyzed in the context of the eviction of a self-managed social center of left-radical activists in Copenhagen and the protests and public debate...... that followed. The authors find that societal spaciousness in Denmark is metaphorically associated with a house or a limited physical space. People should limit themselves in public space, as in a house, to 'make room' for all. Because youngsters are not conceived of as fully fledged political subjects who...