Meier, P; Müller, U
Successful venom immunotherapy (VIT) in Hymenoptera allergy is usually associated with a strong increase in venom-specific serum IgG antibodies (sIgG). We evaluated a new commercial test for the assay of sIgG (Pharmacia CAP Systemtrade mark IgG RAST(R) FEIA; FEIA), in comparison with a conventional ELISA technique. Sera from 40 bee- and 40 Vespula-allergic patients were analyzed by FEIA and ELISA before and 3 months after starting VIT. The correlation between sIgG obtained with the two methods was significant: r = 0.862, pRAST FEIA is a reproducible and sensitive method for the assay of venom-specific sIgG.
Andrade, V L; Zagatto, A M; Kalva-Filho, C A; Mendes, O C; Gobatto, C A; Campos, E Z; Papoti, M
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the running anaerobic sprint test (RAST) as a predictor of anaerobic capacity, compare it to the maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) and to compare the RAST's parameters with the parameters of 30-s all-out tethered running on a treadmill. 39 (17.0±1.4 years) soccer players participated in this study. The participants underwent an incremental test, 10 submaximal efforts [50-95% of velocity correspondent to VO(2MAX) (vVO(2MAX))] and one supramaximal effort at 110% of vVO(2MAX) for the determination of MAOD. Furthermore, the athletes performed the RAST. In the second stage the 30-s all-out tethered running was performed on a treadmill (30-s all-out), and compared with RAST. No significant correlation was observed between MAOD and RAST parameters. However, significant correlations were found between the power of the fifth effort (P5) of RAST with peak and mean power of 30-s all-out (r=0.73 and 0.50; pRAST do not have an association with MAOD, suggesting that this method should not be used to evaluate anaerobic capacity. Although the correlations between RAST parameters with 30-s all-out do reinforce the RAST as an evaluation method of anaerobic metabolism, such as anaerobic power. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
de Andrade, Vitor L; Papoti, Marcelo; Zapaterra Campos, Eduardo; Kalva-Filho, Carlos A; Bucken Gobbi, Ronaldo; Palucci Vieira, Luiz H; Souza Bedo, Bruno; Pereira Santiago, Paulo R
After the Running Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) high blood lactate concentrations ([La-]) are found. However, no study verified the behavior of this metabolite during RAST. For this, the aim of the present study was to verify the implications of increase [La-] on movement patterns' in RAST performance. Six healthy and active individuals (21.8 ± 3.1 years, 70.9 ± 10.8 kg and 179.7 ± 3.3 cm) executed a standardized warm-up. Two minutes after, subjects performed RAST composed of six maximal 35 m bouts separated by 10 s of passive recovery. During RAST, 14 cameras monitored the subjects to determine tridimensional and bi-dimensional mechanics. [La-] were determined before warm- up, between each bout and after RAST. Significant difference in performance were found after the fifth (5.1 ± 0.1 s) and sixth (5.4 ± 0.3 s; pRAST performance can be influenced by physiological changes. Biomechanical behavior doesn't alter performance without a sum of physiological events.
Alexander Alexandrovich Novik
Full Text Available Lexicon of Albanian mythology: areal studies in the polylingual region of Azov Sea Four villages with Albanian population are located in the Ukraine: Karakurt (Zhovtnevoe set up in 1811 (Odessa region, Tyushki (Georgievka, Dzhandran (Gammovka and Taz (Devninskoe set up in 1862 (Zaporizh’a region. The analysis of lexica of the Albanian subdialect of the Ukraine shows the continuation of the use of mythological terminology between the districts of the South-Eastern Albania (Korça, Devoll, Kolonja and the Albanian-speaking villages of the Azov Sea region. The Albanian subdialect of the Ukraine has no collective lexeme to designate all the representatives of the demonic world. The most common forms of denotation are these: nok janë të prastúrë (lit. ‘they are unclean’, shpírti nok i prastúrë (lit. ‘unclean spirit’. There are a large number of stories about the transformation of people into the animals – dogs, cats, goats, foxes, chickens etc. and even into things (the most common plot variant is about transformation of a man into a wheel. Also we observe the personification of the steppe wind among the Albanians of the Ukraine. Thus there is a special word for such a kind of wind in this subdialect – varalluzhg/ë, –a (‘varaluzhga’. The Balkan peoples believe that the fate of every individual is assigned by three mythological characters. Most of them, including the Albanians, consider that these three characters are female. They appear several hours after the child’s birth and assign its fate. The Albanians of the Ukraine keep these beliefs, but according to their system of mythological images, there are three men determining the child’s fate instead of three women. As the native consultants claim, these are three huge, tall and strong black men (tri burre qysh japin fatnë. Another variation on this theme comprises the stories about Christ’s disciples, the apostles and their followers, who can also determine the
Nekustamā īpašuma nozare Latvijā ir mainījusies un attīstījusies pēdējos gados, liekot būtiski mainīties arī likumdošanai. Grāmatvedībai ir jāspēj sekot līdzi jaunumiem likumos un prast piemērot tos praksē, atrodot savam uzņēmumam vispiemērotāko uzskaites modeli. Maģistra darba mērķis ir izstrādāt iespējamos priekšlikumus, lai sniegtu pilnīgāku izklāstu par nekustamā īpašuma grāmatvedības uzskaiti. Maģistra darbs sastāv no 4 nodaļām, kur ir izpētīta speciālā literatūra, kas reglamentē g...
Peixoto, R.; Enrich Prast, A.; Silva, E. C.; Pontual, L.; Marotta, H.; Pinho, L.; Bastviken, D.
Spatial and temporal CH4 flux variability in a shallow tropical floodplain lake, Pantanal, South America Peixoto, R, Enrich-Prast, A., Silva, E. C., Pontual, L., Marotta, H., Pinho, L. Q. and Bastviken, D. Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas produced during anaerobic decomposition of organic matter (OM). It can play a significant role in carbon emissions from tropical aquatic ecosystems to the atmosphere and have a substantial participation in greenhouse gas balances. However, most studies report low numbers of short-term (≤ 24h) measurements in each system and the spatial and temporal variability is poorly understood. In this study we analyzed the temporal and spatial variability of CH4 emissions from a shallow Pantanal lake. Pantanal is the world's largest savanna tropical floodplain with a significant input of organic matter from the drainage area around and an annual inundation pulse. Methane fluxes were measured in September 2008 with floating chambers over 24 hour periods for five consecutive days. We used > 20 chambers along transects from the marginal vegetated regions of the lake to the central parts of the lake. Methane fluxes were determined as described by Bastviken et al. 2010 (doi: 10.1021/es1005048). There was no significant difference of methane fluxes among sampling days. Methane fluxes at the vegetated area and the margin were significantly higher than at central parts of the lake showing clearly the importance of different compartments within lakes. This study indicates that a) 24 hour measurements may be representative for time perspectives of a week given similar weather conditions, while b) spatial variability within lakes must be considered to correctly evaluate CH4 emissions from aquatic systems.
Podgrajsek, E.; Sahlee, E.; Rutgersson, A.
: Bastviken D. (2009) Methane. In Likens G. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Oxford, Elsevier, p 783-805. Bastviken D., Tranvik L., Downing J., Crill P. and Enrich-Prast A. (2011) Freshwater Methane Emissions Offset the Continental Carbon Sink. Science, Vol 331:50, 7 January. Kankaala P., Ojala A. and Käki T. (2004) Temporal and spatial variation in methane emissions from a flooded transgression shore of a boreal lake. Biogeochemistry 68: 297-311.