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Sample records for votre commune dossier

  1. Communes en communebewegingen : een literatuurstudie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cramwinckel-Weeda, C.J.

    1976-01-01

    This publication presents the results of the study of a corpus of relevant literature on communes and commune movements in Western society. The study is descriptive-analytical, and the communes analyzed belong partly to the past and partly to the present. The analysis was predominantly based upon

  2. Special dossier: new energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cassin, Fabrice; His, Stephane; Le Lidec, Frederic; Paillard, Michel; Vandevoorde, Patrick; Huby, Jean; Soetaert, Emmanuel; Bertiere, Francois; Zwierski, Didier; Kuntz, Michel; Mallet, Pierre; Leboucher, Nathalie; Isikveren, Murat; Vacher, Romain

    2012-01-01

    This special dossier about renewable energies is made of 14 contributions dealing with: wind turbines against radars, legal constraints on wind farms location (Fabrice Cassin); the sea, an ocean of wind energy (Stephane His); marine energies, a promising sector (Frederic Le Lidec); Gamesa, an integrated actor of the wind power industry; the great future of renewable marine energies (Michel Paillard); focus on wind power (Patrick Vandevoorde); wind power, a new industrial adventure (Jean Huby); hydropower, a renewed modernity (Emmanuel Soetaert); the new needs of tomorrows' cities (Francois Bertiere); the control of power consumption, a huge market in progress (Didier Zwierski, Michel Kuntz); in the heart of the smart grids revolution (Pierre Mallet); the smart-city, an established reality (Nathalie Leboucher); imagining solutions for the environment (Murat Isikveren); energy: towards a smart consumption (Romain Vacher)

  3. DOSSIER: Intelectuales y Editores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Sorá

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El intelectual abre ideas, el editor las cierra. El escritor produce textos, el editor impresos. El intelectualescribe pero es el editor quien publica. No por nada, afirman algunos psicólogos, el pensamientoculmina con su publicación. Entre el escritor y el editor se moviliza una energía simbólica y socialsublimada bajo las líneas impresas que llegan al lector. Ese entre-lugar de producción de sentidos, decosmologías, de sociedad que marcó la formación de gran parte de las culturas desde la aparición de laexpresión gráfica de las ideas, permanece como un problema esquivo para la investigación, al menospara la antropología practicada en estas latitudes. Parece una cuestión obturada por el dominanteacúmulo de historias de las ideas, de la literatura, del pensamiento que reactualizan la oposición entreespíritu y materia, estética y sociedad, texto y contexto. Evidencia de ello es la clausura sufrida por lasociología de la literatura, una sub-disciplina tan incómoda para los guardianes del aura del genioliterario nacional.Este dossier busca iluminar esa relación con la certeza de que modela uno de los terrenos másfértiles para repensar el legado de la historia de la cultura en occidente y para generar un basto programade problemas de investigación escasamente explorados por las ciencias sociales y humanas en AméricaLatina, y aplicables al estudio de toda cultura, con o sin escritura.

  4. Dossier electromobility and services; Dossier Elektromobilitaet und Dienstleistungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marwede, Max; Knoll, Michael

    2010-07-01

    According to the individual electromobility, the dossier under consideration reports on the political, environmental, economic and technical context within which municipalities may cover new services for sustainable mobility. Among others, measures to promote electromobility in the communities as well as a framework for business models for the electrical mobility are presented. As a business model, Better Place, STAWAG StromSTA {sup registered} Mobile, rolling energy storages and drive current provider are presented.

  5. Novel foods dossier analysis (Annex 2)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cachapa Rodrigues, I.

    2009-01-01

    In the NFR case study by Isabel Cachapa Rodrigues three novel foods dossiers have been analysed. The dossiers have been chosen from the UK because in this country they are made available on the internet. Remarkably in all three a qualification other than novel food would have been defendable. These

  6. Paris Commune Imagery in China's Mass Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meiss, Guy T.

    The role of ideology in mass media practices is explored in an analysis of the relation between the Paris Commune of 1871 and the Shanghai Commune of 1967, two attempts to translate the philosophical concept of dictatorship of the proletariat into some political form. A review of the use of Paris Commune imagery by the Chinese to mobilize the…

  7. Améliorer votre efficacité techniques d'aujourd'hui pour en faire plus en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Quels que soient votre fonction, votre métier ou votre mission dans l'entreprise, ce livre pragmatique peut vous ouvrir les chemins d'une nouvelle vie. Il a été conçu et écrit pour vous rendre service et pour vous aider à gagner en efficacité. Les meilleures pratiques y ont été retenues pour vous. Certaines sont utilisées avec succès par plus d'un million de personnes à travers le monde. Leur mise en oeuvre est simple pour un impact maximal sur votre productivité, sur la qualité de votre travail et sur la satisfaction que vous retirerez de votre quotidien professionnel. Les principes et les conseils d'efficacité décrits dans ce livre peuvent être appliqués seul comme en équipe, et être généralisés à l'ensemble d'une entreprise. Vous pouvez choisir de les découvrir par une lecture du début à la fin, qui vous permettra une révision systématique de votre manière de travailler et de votre potentiel de gains en efficacité. Mais vous pouvez également opter pour une découverte théma...

  8. Dossier: transport of radioactive materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mignon, H.; Brachet, Y.; Turquet de Beauregard, G.; Mauny, G.; Robine, F.; Plantet, F.; Pestel Lefevre, O.; Hennenhofer, G.; Bonnemains, J.

    1997-01-01

    This dossier is entirely devoted to the transportation of radioactive and fissile materials of civil use. It comprises 9 papers dealing with: the organization of the control of the radioactive materials transport safety (safety and security aspects, safety regulations, safety analysis and inspection, emergency plans, public information), the technical aspects of the regulation concerning the transport of radioactive materials (elaboration of regulations and IAEA recommendations, risk assessments, defense in depth philosophy and containers, future IAEA recommendations, expertise-research interaction), the qualification of containers (regulations, test facilities), the Transnucleaire company (presentation, activity, containers for spent fuels), the packages of radioactive sources for medical use (flux, qualification, safety and transport), an example of accident during radioactive materials transportation: the Apach train derailment (February 4, 1997), the sea transport of radioactive materials (international maritime organization (OMI), international maritime dangerous goods (IMDG) code, irradiated nuclear fuel (INF) safety rules), the transport of radioactive materials in Germany, and the point of view from an external observer. (J.S.)

  9. Energy press kit; Dossier energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Czarnes, R.; Chauvot, M.; Depagneux, M.A.; Bollack, L.; Cittanova, M.L.; Madelaine, N.; Alves, J.; Burg, D

    2004-06-01

    This special dossier treats of the changes that will happen in France with the deregulation of energy markets. It comprises 19 articles dealing with: the big bang of July 1, 2004 in the electricity and gas sector (on July 1, 2004, all professional consumers will have the possibility to chose their electricity and gas supplier. If Electricite de France (EdF) and Gaz de France (GdF) monopolies will split up, several questions remain unanswered for clients); the impossible penetration of the French market (3 weeks before the enhanced opening of power markets, EdF's competitors remain surprisingly limited and are mainly French actors. The big European competitors follow a wait-and-see policy); the independent power producer Compagnie Generale du Rhone wants to diversify its clients and is looking towards local authorities; Direct Energie: the 'low-cost' company for the mutualization of electricity purchases of small professionals; Endesa, the French daughter company of the Spanish electric utility, is looking for a balance between production and sales; HEW, daughter company of Vattenfall Europe and present in France since April 2000, wants to increase its margins more than its capacity; energy profilers are making consumption profiles for EdF's competitors; Poweo, energy retailing company built in 2002, is fetching very small companies; Atel, French daughter company of the Swiss power producer, does not foresee important changes in July 1; interview of F. Roussely, head of EdF about the liberalization of the electricity sector; the main energy groups favorable to deregulation; case study: Accor, the hotel trade group, has chosen Compagnie Generale du Rhone as power supplier; electricity: why prices are increasing; various foreign experiences; UK: the consolidation time (fully liberalized and privatized between several companies, the British energy market is under total re-building); USA: the deregulation process has failed and stays stuck to 24

  10. Climate and economy. Climate Policy Dossier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gielen, A.M.; Koutstaal, P.R.; De Groot, H.L.F.; Tang, P.J.G.

    2001-01-01

    In this introductory article an overview is given of what can be expected in this dossier on climate policy in the Netherlands, focusing on the economic analysis of climate policy and climatic change. Attention will be paid to flexible mechanisms to reduce the costs of such policy and visions of interested parties. 1 ref

  11. Pilot study approach and qualification dossier components

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ammirato, F.; Ashwin, P.

    2000-01-01

    The aim of the Pilot Project is to evaluate the IAEA Guidelines and methodology for the benefit of IAEA Member States trough a simulation of qualification activities. The Project is based on a real component and available data - NPP Kozloduy unit 5, weld 3. The initial phase is limited to the Qualification dossier. The Project relies on the input from the team members and Member States. Team organization and responsibilities are presented. The components of the Qualification Dossier (technical specification, inspection procedure and preliminary review, qualification procedure) and their current status are also presented. A comparison is done with their qualification programs. The characteristics of performance demonstrations are discussed. The results show that the teamwork has been successful and the IAEA methodology covers all situations. It is expected that the End Project will become 'Benchmark's' for future qualification activities

  12. Dossier: management of nuclear wastes. Research, results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2001-01-01

    The researches carried out since many years on nuclear wastes have led to two main ways of management: the long-term conditioning of radio-elements and their advanced separation. The French atomic energy commission (CEA) has chosen to take up also the transmutation challenge, a way to transform long-living radioactive wastes into short-living radioactive wastes or stable compounds. The transmutation programs are based both on simulation and experiments with a huge international collaboration. This dossier presents in a digest way the research activity carried out on nuclear wastes processing and management at the CEA. (J.S.)

  13. Example of the contribution of text processing by machine for establishing quality assurance report dossiers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Didierlaurent, Maryvonne; Meurgues, J.P.

    1981-03-01

    When safety requirements are imposed, quality assurance report dossiers (term consecrated by the IAEA in Vienna) must be established for all realizations and, in particular, for mechanical realizations connected with nuclear facilities. Supply dossiers are envisaged in the context of these dossiers. This present text treats the material aspects of the constitution of these dossiers [fr

  14. Information brings progress to Vietnam's communes

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    implement policies, such as tax exemptions for the poor, free education, and preferred ... “We've been doing it since 1995 when benefits were provided,” says Le ... now, she says “we haven't had a census of the commune, just sample surveys.

  15. Présentation du dossier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Les textes rassemblés dans ce dossier proviennent de la première Journée d’étude organisée par le groupe COnTEXTES, le 28 mars 2006 à l’Université de Liège. Le choix d’aborder une telle problématique a été guidé par le constat d’un décalage générationnel : tandis que la critique idéologique a mobilisé la plupart des consciences théoriques attentives aux forces sociales qui traversent le littéraire (Louis Althusser, Marc Angenot, Philippe Hamon, parmi d’autres, le concept d’idéologie semble a...

  16. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier I - Introduction and summary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gautschi, A.; Zuidema, P.

    2014-01-01

    This dossier is the first of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. It presents an introduction to and a summary of the further seven dossiers on basic geological conditions. Dossier II considers the sediments that can be used along with tectonic considerations, Dossier III takes a look at long-term geological developments and Dossier IV considers the geo-mechanical documentation available. Dossier V looks at hydro-geological considerations. Dossier VI reports on the barrier properties of the proposed host rock sediments and neighbouring rock layers. Dossiers VII takes a look at usage conflicts and Dossier VIII considers the possibilities for the characterisation of the substrates and for the ways in which they can be explored

  17. Dossiê do Barreado / Barreado Dossier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Pellerano

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A presente resenha apresenta o livro Cozinhando a tradição: Festa, cultura, história e turismo no litoral paranaense, de Maria Henriqueta Sperandio Garcia Gimenes-Minasse, publicado em 2013 pela Editora UFPR. A obra apresenta a história do Barreado, prato tradicional do litoral do Paraná, as transformações que aconteceram no preparo e no consumo e sua relação com o desenvolvimento econômico e turístico da região, que se vê representada na sua preparação culinária. Barreado Dossier - This review presents the book Cooking tradition: Party, culture, history and tourism in the coast of Paraná, of Henrietta Maria Garcia Sperandio Gimenes-Minasse, published in 2013 by UFPR Press. The book presents the history of Barreado, traditional dish of the coast of Paraná, the changes in its preparation and consumption and its relation to economic development and tourism in the region represented in its culinary preparation. 

  18. Presentación Dossier Tema Libre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana González Rey

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el décimo número de la Revista Historia 2.0: Conocimiento Histórico en Clave Digital, los editores saludamos a los lectores. Durante estos cinco años la publicación ha pasado por diversas etapas de aprendizaje en las que destacamos el apoyo de los autores, estudiantes y de los profesionales de la historia que contribuyen a divulgar y sostener la edición. Hemos querido celebrar nuestros cinco años con un dossier de Tema Libre, tal como fue él de nuestra primera entrega, en ésta nueva edición número diez (10. Los artículos aquí publicados fueron al igual que en todas las ediciones convocados públicamente, en la página de Facebook de AHISAB, a través la distribución mediante listas de correos, de servidores gratuitos como H- México, quiénes nos han colaborado en el proceso de distribución de las convocatorias. Igualmente la evaluación por pares fue de manera anónima de acuerdo a todos los estándares internacionales, una labor que debemos agradecer notoriamente púes constituye la base fundamental y académica de nuestra publicación.

  19. Gouvernance et gestion des ressources communes au Vietnam ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Gouvernance et gestion des ressources communes au Vietnam. La subvention permettra au Collège d'agriculture et de foresterie de l'Université de Huê de se pencher sur des questions reliées à la gestion des ressources communes et à la pauvreté dans ... New funding opportunity for gender equality and climate change.

  20. Teaching Dossier Documents: A Comparison of Importance by Major Stakeholders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnap, Charles A.; Kohut, Gary F.; Yon, Maria G.

    2010-01-01

    Most institutions of higher education require evidence of effective teaching as part of the review process for reappointment and for tenure/promotion. This study examines the relative importance of various documents placed in the teaching section of the dossier as rated by pre-tenured faculty members and review committee members. Results indicate…

  1. Formation and cell wall regeneration of protoplasts from Schizophyllum commune

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, Onno Minne Hotze

    1974-01-01

    Osmotically sensitive protoplasts were released from the mycelium of the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune through the action ofan extracellular enzyme preparation isolated from the culture filtrate of Trichoderma viride (recently renamed T. harzianum) grown on hyphal walls of the former organism.

  2. Dossier: renewable energies for heat production; Dossier: energies renouvelables pour la production de chaleur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2002-09-01

    This dossier makes a state-of-the-art of today's applications of renewable energy sources in the residential, collective and tertiary sectors for the space heating and the hot water production. In France, three energy sources profit by a particularly favorable evolution: the solar thermal, the wood fuel and the geothermal energies. In these sectors, the offer of reliable and technically achieved appliances has been considerably widen thanks to the impulse of some French and German manufacturers. Part 1 - solar thermal: individual solar water heaters (monobloc, thermosyphon with separate tank, forced circulation systems, auxiliary heating systems); combined solar systems (direct heating floor, system with storage); collective solar systems for hot water production (receivers, efficiency, heat storage and transfer, auxiliary heating, decentralized systems); heating of open-air swimming pools; some attempts in air-conditioning; the warranty of results. Part 2 - wood fuels: domestic space heating (log boilers, installation rules, hydro-accumulation, automatic boilers); collective and tertiary wood-fueled heating plants (design of boiler plants, fuel supply, combustion chamber, smoke purification systems, ash removal, regulation system), fuels for automatic collective plants, design and installation rules. Part 3 - geothermal energy: different types (water-source and ground-source heat pumps, financial incentive). (J.S.)

  3. Dossier: transport of radioactive materials; Dossier: le transport des matieres radioactives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mignon, H. [CEA Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Direction du Cycle du Combustible; Niel, J.Ch. [CEA Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire; Canton, H. [CEA Cesta, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Brachet, Y. [Transnucleaire, 75 - Paris (France); Turquet de Beauregard, G.; Mauny, G. [CIS bio international, France (France); Robine, F.; Plantet, F. [Prefecture de la Moselle (France); Pestel Lefevre, O. [Ministere de l`Equipement, des transports et du logement, (France); Hennenhofer, G. [BMU, Ministere de l`environnement, de la protection de la nature et de la surete des reacteurs (Germany); Bonnemains, J. [Association Robin des Bois (France)

    1997-12-01

    This dossier is entirely devoted to the transportation of radioactive and fissile materials of civil use. It comprises 9 papers dealing with: the organization of the control of the radioactive materials transport safety (safety and security aspects, safety regulations, safety analysis and inspection, emergency plans, public information), the technical aspects of the regulation concerning the transport of radioactive materials (elaboration of regulations and IAEA recommendations, risk assessments, defense in depth philosophy and containers, future IAEA recommendations, expertise-research interaction), the qualification of containers (regulations, test facilities), the Transnucleaire company (presentation, activity, containers for spent fuels), the packages of radioactive sources for medical use (flux, qualification, safety and transport), an example of accident during radioactive materials transportation: the Apach train derailment (February 4, 1997), the sea transport of radioactive materials (international maritime organization (OMI), international maritime dangerous goods (IMDG) code, irradiated nuclear fuel (INF) safety rules), the transport of radioactive materials in Germany, and the point of view from an external observer. (J.S.)

  4. FRUITING GENES OF SCHIZOPHYLLUM-COMMUNE ARE TRANSCRIPTIONALLY REGULATED

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SCHUREN, FHJ; VANDERLENDE, TR; WESSELS, JGH

    Fruiting genes in Schizophyllum commune are controlled by the mating-type genes and other regulatory genes. To examine whether differential accumulation of mRNAs for these fruiting genes is caused by transcriptional regulation, run-on transcription assaYs were performed with nuclei isolated from

  5. DoSSiER: Database of Scientific Simulation and Experimental Results

    CERN Document Server

    Wenzel, Hans; Genser, Krzysztof; Elvira, Daniel; Pokorski, Witold; Carminati, Federico; Konstantinov, Dmitri; Ribon, Alberto; Folger, Gunter; Dotti, Andrea

    2017-01-01

    The Geant4, GeantV and GENIE collaborations regularly perform validation and regression tests for simulation results. DoSSiER (Database of Scientific Simulation and Experimental Results) is being developed as a central repository to store the simulation results as well as the experimental data used for validation. DoSSiER can be easily accessed via a web application. In addition, a web service allows for programmatic access to the repository to extract records in json or xml exchange formats. In this article, we describe the functionality and the current status of various components of DoSSiER as well as the technology choices we made.

  6. Dossier for marketing authorization in the European union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maida Todić

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Extensive and complete documentation must be presented for marketing authorization of a medicinal product in the EU. Presented documentation should prove quality, safety and efficacy of the medicinal product. It is ensured that the applicant supplies the authorities with complete information. The legislation in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina has also taken more steps towards those European directions.The presentation and content of the dossier in the European Union has been redefined. The “old” EU format will be replaced with the Common Technical Document (EU CTD format agreed in 2000, within the International Conference on Harmonization framework. These two formats are intended to coexist during the transition period until July 2003. The CTD is an internationally agreed upon format for the preparation of a well structured presentation for applications to be submitted to regulatory authorities in the three ICH regions of Europe, US and Japan.

  7. Presentación al Dossier de Historia Pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana González Rey

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Con este número cumplimos ocho ediciones de la revista Historia 2.0: Conocimiento Histórico en Clave Digital. Con una política editorial abierta, la revista ha logrado mantener su espacio en la red y su carácter de edición para jóvenes historiadores. La siguiente edición que gratamente les presentamos a nuestros lectores es resultado de un proceso de evaluación variopinto, una continuación del dossier iniciado en la edición número siete dedicado a la historia ambiental. Como complemento se presenta un interesante apartado que pretende abrir el debate en torno a la historia pública, un campo que aunque ha ganado un espacio de especialización en Estados Unidos y Europa es prácticamente desconocido en América Latina.

  8. ANTAGONISTIC BACTERIA AGAINST SCHIZOPHYLLUM COMMUNE FR. IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTARJO DIKIN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Schizophyllum commune Fr., is one of the important fungi, causes brown germ and seed rot of oil palm. Biodiversity of antagonistic bacteria from oil palm plantations in Peninsular Malaysia is expected to support in development of biopesticide. Isolation with liquid assay and screening antagonistic bacteria using dual culture assay were carried out in the bioexploration. A total of 265 bacterial isolates from plant parts of oil palm screened 52 antagonistic bacterial isolates against 5. commune. Bacterial isolates were identified by using Biolog* Identification System i.e. Bacillus macroccanus, B. thermoglucosidasius, Burkholderia cepacia, B. gladioli, B. multivorans, B pyrrocinia, B. spinosa, Corynebacterium agropyri, C. misitidis, Enterobacter aerogenes, Microbacterium testaceum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P. citronellolis, Rhodococcus rhodochrous, Serratia ficaria, Serratia sp., S. marcescens, Staphylococcus sciuri, Sternotrophomonas maltophilia.

  9. The communes and the electricity in France and in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    What will happen in France to the public utilities for electricity and natural gas industry, when this energy production arises in competition? Many possibilities are developed. The french organisation (which the distribution sector has just been involved in many changes) is compared to foreign organisation as Germany, Belgium, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland. In France, the communes undertake the quality control of the electricity supply. Elsewhere they may find in this service a paying activity, which reduces the taxes. (A.L.B.)

  10. Cultivation of Schizophyllum commune mushroom on different wood substrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.N. Dasanayaka

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Schizophyllum commune is an edible mushroom grown on wood under natural conditions. Present study focused on cultivation of S.commune on different wood substrates since it is not commercially cultivated. A pure culture of S. commune was obtained by growing a tissue of the mushroom on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA medium. Spawns were produced by growing the mycelium on paddy grains. Mushroom was cultivated on sawdust of seven different wood substrates. The maximum yield was observed in sawdust of jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus followed by sawdust of rambutan (Nepheliumlappaceum and country almond (Terminaliacatappa. A significant difference was not observed when mango (Mangiferaindica elephant apple (Dilleniaindica, tulip wood tree (Harpulliaarborea and thungfaa (Alstoniamacrophylla sawdust used as substrate. The lowest yield was observed in thungfaa (Alstoniamacrophylla sawdust. Effect of some additives on the yield was studied and significant difference in yield was observed when rice bran and used-tea leaves used as additives. Effect of rice bran on yield was studied using different ratios of sawdust to rice bran and the highest was observed in 2:1 ratio of sawdust to rice bran. The best incubating temperature for mycelial growth on the substrate was 350C. The composition of the mushroom on a dry weight basis was; 71.4% moisture, 23.35% crude protein and 6% ash. Tested wood species are promising substrates for cultivation of S.communeas cottage industry.

  11. Dossier: “Public Policies for Territorial Development in Latin America”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Sabourin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This dossier is devoted to the subject “Public Policies for Territorial Development in Latin America”. It is true that articles about either public policies for rural development or territorial and environmental development have already been published in Sustainability in Debate. However, this present dossier has the merit of introducing scientific articles that combine both research subjects – public policies for rural and for territorial/environmental development.

  12. Medieval codes of ius commune in Portugal: status quaestionis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Domingues

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Portugal inherited from the kingdom of León legal sources and its earliest law code. With the “rebirth” of Roman law, the Ius commune –arriving very early in the twelfth century– soon came to shape everyday life, from the middle ages until the Enlightenment of the late eighteenth century. Enormous research efforts have been made to locate chronologically and spatially medieval remnants of these legal texts. This work aims to provide a summary, including a comprehensive and updated picture, of the status quaestionis of this theme.

  13. Dossier 'thermal regulation 2000'. Reconciling building and environment; Dossier RT 2000. Reconcilier batiment et environnement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grumel, N.

    2001-04-01

    The works that led to the setup of the new French thermal regulation (TR 2000) for buildings started in 1997 and were carried out by the general direction of urbanism, accommodation and construction (DGUHC) of the ministry of equipment, transport and accommodation, by the agency of environment and energy mastery (Ademe) and by the scientific and technical committee of building trade. The different steps of buildings construction have been reviewed with specialists, industrialists, energy suppliers, design offices, federation of companies and other professional organisms, in order to reduce the energy consumption of buildings and their impact on the environment. The new regulation is based on the determination of the 'C coefficient', the conventional energy consumption coefficient, and of reference values for the six steps of the elaboration of a construction project. The TR 2000 will be enforced in June 1, 2001. Today, the air conditioning is not concerned by the TR 2000, but will be included in 2003. This dossier presents the different aspects of the new thermal regulation. (J.S.)

  14. The public and economic aspects of the functioning of protected areas within a commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaros Henryk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Between 2009 and 2013, research was conducted in the commune offices for the Podlaskie voivodeship which have large areas of protected Natura 2000 sites. The research is repeated every few years and widened to include new communes. The aim of the research was to determine the influence of the protected areas on the economic conditions of the communes. It is widely assumed that protected areas generate income for communes, however the communes claim that they incur large additional costs. The surveyed communes were critical of obligatory legal requirements in relation to the protected areas. It was argued that there are problems with obtaining natural resources and with the establishment of new summer resorts, residential and farm buildings and infrastructure; as well as the use and management of the site. The communes’ benefits incidental to the ownership of the protected area are not clear. As part of the benefits, the protected areas offer an opportunity for tourism development. According to the communes, protected areas generate losses in which the estimated losses are several times higher than the potential income. Studies indicate that the conservation cost factor should be considered in terms of financing the communes from the state budget.

  15. Consuetudine, Coutume, Gewohnheit and Ius Commune. An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Conte

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Various views of the historical phenomenon of custom coexist in the world’s legal historical scholarship. Some scholars hold that customs are the primary feature of a people’s autonomy and selfdetermination in the permanent struggle against the »imperialist« attitudes of major powers. Others try to stay closer to historical sources, where the concept of custom has apparently served as a tool of argumentation that has proven very useful in defending the jurisdictional rights of collective subjects, such as cities, religious communities or regional powers. The key to correctly understanding medieval theories of custom is the relationship between custom and the ius commune. The latter is the complex of normative authorities and doctrinal interpretations produced by jurists from the 12th to the 15th century. This relationship was not as conflictual as some of the legal historical literature depicts. Some examples regarding serfdom, private peace and customary procedures of evidence show how complicated the intertwining of the ius commune, customary laws and municipal statutes in the late Middle Ages can be.

  16. Accumulation of radioactive cesium released from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial cyanobacteria Nostoc commune.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Hideaki; Shirato, Susumu; Tahara, Tomoya; Sato, Kenji; Takenaka, Hiroyuki

    2013-01-01

    The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident released large amounts of radioactive substances into the environment and contaminated the soil of Tohoku and Kanto districts in Japan. Removal of radioactive material from the environment is an urgent problem, and soil purification using plants is being considered. In this study, we investigated the ability of 12 seed plant species and a cyanobacterium to accumulate radioactive material. The plants did not accumulate radioactive material at high levels, but high accumulation was observed in the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune. In Nihonmatsu City, Fukushima Prefecture, N. commune accumulated 415,000 Bq/kg dry weight (134)Cs and 607,000 Bq kg(-1) dry weight (137)Cs. The concentration of cesium in N. commune tended to be high in areas where soil radioactivity was high. A cultivation experiment confirmed that N. commune absorbed radioactive cesium from polluted soil. These data demonstrated that radiological absorption using N. commune might be suitable for decontaminating polluted soil.

  17. Gestion documentaire des dossiers mixtes : méthodes et outils dans une approche-métier

    OpenAIRE

    Monfort, Alice

    2015-01-01

    Comment gérer de façon efficiente les dossiers mixtes où coexistent des documents physiques et des documents électroniques ? Après avoir exploré la notion de dossier dans les environnements physique et électronique, ce mémoire tente d'identifier des solutions de gestion documentaire permettant de répondre aux spécificités des dossiers dont les supports sont hétérogènes en s'appuyant sur une approche-métier à travers l'étude du dossier individuel de salarié et du dossier relatif à l'immeuble....

  18. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier V - Hydro-geological conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traber, D.; Gautschi, A.; Marschall, P.; Becker, J.; Waber, N.

    2014-01-01

    This dossier is the fifth of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. Dossier V looks at hydro-geological considerations in North-Western Switzerland. Rock layers in the region and their hydrological properties are examined. Ground-water and deeper lying aquifers in the various rock formations are discussed. The specific hydrology in the proposed areas for nuclear waste depositories is looked at, including infiltration and exfiltration zones and gradients

  19. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier III - Long-term geological developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schnellmann, M.; Madritsch, H.

    2014-01-01

    This dossier is the third of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. Dossier III takes a look at long-term geological developments. Developments in the topography and river networks of northern Switzerland over the past five million years are looked at. Data and information derived from high-resolution models and compilations of gravel deposition, glacier developments and moraines are reviewed. Tectonic developments, seismological aspects and erosion are discussed. Their consequences for the long-term geological developments in the proposed depository areas are looked at

  20. Glucuronoyl esterase--novel carbohydrate esterase produced by Schizophyllum commune.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spániková, Silvia; Biely, Peter

    2006-08-21

    The cellulolytic system of the wood-rotting fungus Schizophyllum commune contains an esterase that hydrolyzes methyl ester of 4-O-methyl-d-glucuronic acid. The enzyme, called glucuronoyl esterase, was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from a cellulose-spent culture fluid. Its substrate specificity was examined on a number of substrates of other carbohydrate esterases such as acetylxylan esterase, feruloyl esterase and pectin methylesterase. The glucuronoyl esterase attacks exclusively the esters of MeGlcA. The methyl ester of free or glycosidically linked MeGlcA was not hydrolysed by other carbohydrate esterases. The results suggest that we have discovered a new type of carbohydrate esterase that might be involved in disruption of ester linkages connecting hemicellulose and lignin in plant cell walls.

  1. Agricultural activities in the Oleśnica commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Borkowska

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to analyse and assess the agricultural activity in the Oleśnica commune. The representative rural property owner was a secondary-educated 43-year old man. Over 70% of respondents demonstrated their willingness to expand by purchasing or renting land and also to develop infrastructure. Agricultural activities within this area were focused mainly on plant-growing, which was preferable due to sustained tide of the market. Arable land was the dominating land type and the main products were: grains, potatoes and rape. Introduced in farms innovations were focused on increasing ef-fectiveness of plant-growing and improving the quality of work in rural properties. These innovations were expected to increase income and, in longer term, make the rural production more competitive on the European market.

  2. Manx Gaelic: The Manx Gaelic Language in Education in the Isle of Man. Regional Dossiers Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArdle, Fiona, Comp.; Teare, Robert, Comp.

    2016-01-01

    This regional dossier aims at providing a concise description of and basic statistics on minority language education in a specific region of Europe--the Isle of Man. Aspects that are addressed include features of the education system, recent educational policies, main actors, legal arrangements, and support structures, as well as quantitative…

  3. North Frisian: The North Frisian Language in Education in Germany, 3rd Edition. Regional Dossiers Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Alastair G. H., Comp.

    2015-01-01

    This regional dossier aims to provide a concise, description and basic statistics about minority language education in a specific region of Europe. Aspects that are addressed include features of the education system, recent educational policies, main actors, legal arrangements, and support structures, as well as quantitative aspects, such as the…

  4. Het digitale sport medisch dossier: zucht of zegen? [Digital Sport Medical Record: Sigh or a blessing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stege, J.P.; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Knaap, E.T.W. van der; Stubbe, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    Sinds 2004 zijn er verschillende initiatieven ontplooid rondom de ontwikkeling van een digitaal Sport Medisch Dossier (SMD). Uit gesprekken met de Vereniging voor Sportgeneeskunde (VSG) blijkt dat er vooral problemen worden gesignaleerd met de ingebruikname van het digitale SMD. In het voorjaar van

  5. Tips for Constructing a Promotion and Tenure Dossier that Documents Engaged Scholarship Endeavors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Nancy K.

    2011-01-01

    The growth of the community engagement movement in higher education over the past 2 decades has resulted in more faculty member interest and practice in engaged scholarship. As more institutions value this work, faculty members are looking for ways to enhance the effectiveness of their engaged scholarship dossiers for promotion and tenure. This…

  6. Recurrent Property Taxes in Communal Budgets – Identification of Types of Communes and their Spatial Differentiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trojanek Maria

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this paper is to identify differences between Polish communes as regards their revenues from property taxes. To this end, we distinguished and described types of communes with similar configurations of features under analysis (incomes from real property tax, agricultural tax and forest tax. In the research procedure, we applied methods of multidimensional analysis, with particular emphasis on cluster analysis. The research was conducted on the basis of aggregated (to eliminate random fluctuations values of income from properties in the years 2013-2015. On the basis of typological classification, we distinguished six clusters (groups of communes of different quantitative characteristics of budget revenues from property taxes. We identified specific regularities in the distribution of the distinguished commune types.

  7. Production of (+)-valencene in the mushroom-forming fungus S. commune

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholtmeijer, K.; Beekwilder, J.; Cankar, K.; Wösten, H.A.B.; Lugones, L.G.; Bosch, H.J.

    2014-01-01

    Production of commercially interesting sesquiterpenes was previously examined in plants and microorganisms such as Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We here investigate the potential of the mushroom Schizophyllum commune for the production of sesquiterpenes. Genomic analysis of S.

  8. Local Commune Administration as a Regulator of the Local Water Supply and Sewage Disposal Services Market

    OpenAIRE

    Małysko, Jacek

    2012-01-01

    In this article the author discusses problems related to the regulation of water and sewage disposal services market. In the beginning he describes the processes of water supply and sewage disposal taken by the local commune administration as a natural monopoly. Next he characterizes the structure of this market in Poland. Then he presents the role of local commune administration as a regulator. The author concludes by evaluating the existing Polish system of regulating wate...

  9. Evaluation de la qualité de la tenue des dossiers médicaux des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation de la qualité de la tenue des dossiers médicaux des patientes en gynécologie et en obstétrique dans un Centre hospitalier universitaire de référence, Burkina Faso. H. Zamané, S. Kiemtoré, I. Ouédraogo, P.D. Kaïn, Y.A. Sawadogo, S.D. Sanou, A. Ouattara, A. Dembélé, J. Lankoandé ...

  10. Formation of mushrooms and lignocellulose degradation encoded in the genome sequence of Schizophyllum commune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohm, Robin A.; de Jong, Jan F.; Lugones, Luis G.; Aerts, Andrea; Kothe, Erika; Stajich, Jason E.; de Vries, Ronald P.; Record, Eric; Levasseur, Anthony; Baker, Scott E.; Bartholomew, Kirk A.; Coutinho, Pedro M.; Erdmann, Susann; Fowler, Thomas J.; Gathman, Allen C.; Lombard, Vincent; Henrissat, Bernard; Knabe, Nicole; Kues, Ursula; Lilly, Walt W.; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Magnuson, Jon K.; Piumi, Francois; Raudaskoski, Marjatta; Salamov, Asaf; Schmutz, Jeremy; Schwarze, Francis W.M.R.; van Kuyk, Patricia A.; Horton, J. Stephen; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Wosten, Han A.B.

    2010-07-12

    The wood degrading fungus Schizophyllum commune is a model system for mushroom development. Here, we describe the 38.5 Mb assembled genome of this basidiomycete and application of whole genome expression analysis to study the 13,210 predicted genes. Comparative analyses of the S. commune genome revealed unique wood degrading machinery and mating type loci with the highest number of reported genes. Gene expression analyses revealed that one third of the 471 identified transcription factor genes were differentially expressed during sexual development. Two of these transcription factor genes were deleted. Inactivation of fst4 resulted in the inability to form mushrooms, whereas inactivation of fst3 resulted in more but smaller mushrooms than wild-type. These data illustrate that mechanisms underlying mushroom formation can be dissected using S. commune as a model. This will impact commercial production of mushrooms and the industrial use of these fruiting bodies to produce enzymes and pharmaceuticals.

  11. Territorial Marketing as an Element Boosting the Development of a Commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renigier-Biłozor Małgorzata

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, it has become popular to streamline the way of managing territorial units by adapting the marketing approach to a territorial dimension. The majority of cities and communes in Poland have realized that, in order to achieve their set goals under conditions of fierce competition for limited resources, it is necessary to introduce territorial marketing as one of the key and significant own tasks to be implemented. The objective of the article is to develop principles of the effective use and management of the area of a commune by carrying out suitable marketing projects, based on an analysis of the social, economic and geopolitical situation of the commune, with particular emphasis placed on location factors.

  12. [Overpopulation in rural China: the case of the people's commune of Wantou].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guichaoua, A

    1979-01-01

    The article describes a visit to the agricultural commune of Wantou, China. The visit, organized by the Chinese government, had the purpose of showing to foreign visitors how the Chinese agricultural policy overcame the problem of overpopulation in the countryside. In 1948 Wantou had 16,000 inhabitants; today there are 25,600 people, living on a surface of 1200 hectares, i.e. a population density of 2133 people/square km. All adult inhabitants are engaged in the cultivation of wheat, barley, rice, millet. The quantity of cereals harvested in 1976 was 8 times larger than that of 1949, even with minimal mechanization of work. Industrial activity of the commune are the manufacture of agricultural tools to be used in the commune, and the production of plastic kitchen implements. The number of school age children is enormously augmented; there are 12 elementary schools, and 11 secondary schools, 1 hospital, and 1 sanitary station for every workers' team. In 1974 the average income of a worker was 130 yuan, while in 1976 it was 300 yuan. It must be noted, however, that this is not a typical Chinese commune; in Wantou 100% of the workable surface is irrigated, compared to only 40% in other provinces; that 190 kg. of azote/hectare are used, compared to 40 kg./hectare in the rest of the country, and that the commune yields 140.5 q./hectare of crop, which is 275 times higher than the objectives of the National Program for Agricultural Development. Finally, the income of Wantou members is about 35% higher than that of members of poorer communes.

  13. Isolation and in silico analysis of Fe-superoxide dismutase in the cyanobacterium Nostoc commune.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesheri, Minu; Kanchan, Swarna; Richa; Sinha, Rajeshwar P

    2014-12-15

    Cyanobacteria are known to endure various stress conditions due to the inbuilt potential for oxidative stress alleviation owing to the presence of an array of antioxidants. The present study shows that Antarctic cyanobacterium Nostoc commune possesses two antioxidative enzymes viz., superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase that jointly cope with environmental stresses prevailing at its natural habitat. Native-PAGE analysis illustrates the presence of a single prominent isoform recognized as Fe-SOD and three distinct isoforms of catalase. The protein sequence of Fe-SOD in N. commune retrieved from NCBI protein sequence database was used for in silico analysis. 3D structure of N. commune was predicted by comparative modeling using MODELLER 9v11. Further, this model was validated for its quality by Ramachandran plot, ERRAT, Verify 3D and ProSA-web which revealed good structure quality of the model. Multiple sequence alignment showed high conservation in N and C-terminal domain regions along with all metal binding positions in Fe-SOD which were also found to be highly conserved in all 28 cyanobacterial species under study, including N. commune. In silico prediction of isoelectric point and molecular weight of Fe-SOD was found to be 5.48 and 22,342.98Da respectively. The phylogenetic tree revealed that among 28 cyanobacterial species, Fe-SOD in N. commune was the closest evolutionary homolog of Fe-SOD in Nostoc punctiforme as evident by strong bootstrap value. Thus, N. commune may serve as a good biological model for studies related to survival of life under extreme conditions prevailing at the Antarctic region. Moreover cyanobacteria may be exploited for biochemical and biotechnological applications of enzymatic antioxidants. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Cellulose and hemicellulose-degrading enzymes in Fusarium commune transcriptome and functional characterization of three identified xylanases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yuhong, Huang; Busk, Peter Kamp; Lange, Lene

    2015-01-01

    in Fusarium commune. Prediction of the cellulose and hemicellulose-degrading enzymes in the F. commune transcriptome using peptide pattern recognition revealed 147 genes encoding glycoside hydrolases and six genes encoding lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (AA9 and AA11), including all relevant cellulose...

  15. European Anarchism and its Early Influences in Mexico after the Paris Commune: 1871- 1881

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara E. Lida

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the links between European anarchism and social and agrarian movements in Mexico  after the Paris Commune. During those years, while anarchists remained in clandestinity, they developed new revolutionary theories and practices. These included the organization in freely federated autonomous communes, and the right to the land and the product of labor. Occasionally, such reivindications intertwined with those of the agrarian communities in Mexico allowing for European anarchism and Mexican social and peasant groups to come in contact with each other.

  16. Information dossier. Return of vitrified wastes from France to Belgium; Dossier d'information. Retour de dechets vitrifies depuis la France vers la Belgique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-01

    Synatom, a daughter company of Electrabel and Tractebel, is in charge of the fuel management of Belgium nuclear power plants. Contracts were signed with Cogema (France) in the 70's for the reprocessing/recycling of spent fuels. The ultimate residual wastes are vitrified at Cogema-La Hague and sent back to Belgium by rail and road transports. This information dossier presents: the power production in Belgium, the management of the fuel cycle in Belgium (recycling, interim storage of spent fuels at Tihange and Doel sites, political choices, financing), the vitrification process (quality assurance, safety), the transport of vitrified wastes from France to Belgium (handling, packaging, TN 28 VT container, regulations, safety evaluation), interim storage, long-term disposal. (J.S.)

  17. Dossier: sirvientas, trabajadoras y activistas. El género en la historia social inglesa

    OpenAIRE

    Pita, Valeria Silvina; Andújar, Andrea Norma; Palermo, Silvana; Schettini, Cristiana

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo es la introducción al dossier "?Sirvientas, trabajadoras y activistas. El género en la historia social inglesa?, el cual reúne artículos de Dorothy Thompson, Catherine Hall y Carolyn Steedman, tres historiadoras británicas pertenecientes a distintas generaciones e inscriptas en la tradición de la historia social marxista. Los textos que aquí se presentan abordan el estudio de diversas experiencias de trabajo y organización de la clase trabajadora en la Inglaterra de los albores ...

  18. El patrimonio como domesticación de la cultura. Comentarios al Dossier de ICONOS 20

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Espinheira , Gey

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Tres de los artículos publicados en el dossier de ICONOS 20 ¿Patrimonio, memoria y ¿regeneración¿ urbana¿, convergen en reconocer algunos efectos perversos de la restauración de centros históricos y espacios públicos. Este artículo explora los argumentos presentados en esos artículos y los entiende como parte de un proceso que, en nombre del turismo, domestica la cultura.

  19. Occurrence of the root-rot pathogen, Fusarium commune, in midwestern and western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    J. E. Stewart; R. K. Dumroese; N. B. Klopfenstein; M. -S. Kim

    2012-01-01

    Fusarium commune can cause damping-off and root rot of conifer seedlings in forest nurseries. The pathogen is only reported in Oregon, Idaho, and Washington within United States. Fusarium isolates were collected from midwestern and western United States to determine occurrence of this pathogen. DNA sequences of mitochondrial small subunit gene were used to identify F....

  20. ASSIGNMENT OF GENES TO PULSE-FIELD SEPARATED CHROMOSOMES OF SCHIZOPHYLLUM-COMMUNE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ASGEIRSDOTTIR, SA; SCHUREN, FHJ; WESSELS, JGH

    Chromosomal DNAs of the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune were separated by Contour-Clamped Homogeneous Electric Field Electrophoresis (CHEF). The estimated sizes of the chromosomal DNAs ranged from 4.7 Megabase pairs (Mbp) to 1.6 Mbp, totalling 35.6 Mbp. Using sequences from 20 cloned genes we

  1. Antioxidative activities and chemical characterization of polysaccharides extracted from the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klaus, A.; Kozarski, M.; Niksic, M.; Jakovljevic, D.; Todorovic, N.; Griensven, van L.J.L.D.

    2011-01-01

    Antioxidant properties of hot water extract (HWE), hot water extracted polysaccharides (HWP) and hot alkali extracted polysaccharides (HWAE) were obtained from fruiting bodies of the wild basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune. All extracts contained both a- and ß-glucans as determined by Megazyme

  2. La gestion des ressources naturelles dans la commune de Hong Ha ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    approvisionnement utilisée par l'armée nord-vietnamienne dans les années 1960 et 1970, la commune de Hong Ha — qui .... J'ai remboursé le prêt et utilisé les profits pour acheter de la nourriture et envoyer mes enfants à l'école. ».

  3. INSOLUBLE HYDROPHOBIN COMPLEXES IN THE WALLS OF SCHIZOPHYLLUM-COMMUNE AND OTHER FILAMENTOUS FUNGI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DEVRIES, OMH; FEKKES, MP; WOSTEN, HAB; WESSELS, JGH

    Two closely related cysteine-rich hydrophobic proteins, Sc3p and Sc4p, of the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune are developmentally regulated and associated with the walls of aerial hyphae and fruit-body hyphae. They are present in the walls as hot-SDS-insoluble complexes which can be extracted

  4. Targeted mutation of the SC3 hydrophobin gene of Schizophyllum commune affects formation of aerial hyphae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    vanWetter, MA; Schuren, FHJ; Schuurs, TA; Wessels, JGH

    1996-01-01

    The SC3 hydrophobin gene of Schizophyllum commune was disrupted by homologous integration of an SC3 genomic fragment interrupted by a phleomycin resistance cassette. The phenotype of the mutant was particularly clear in sealed plates in which formation of aerial hyphae was blocked. In non-sealed

  5. Karl Marx and the Paris Commune of 1871: Tracing Traditions of Critical Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGray, Robert

    2014-01-01

    In 1871, citizens of the war torn arrondissements of Paris, in the face of traumatic political and military turmoil, established a new local form of government. The Paris Commune, as this government became known as in the English world, attracted attention for its alternative political-economic organization. One notable commentator was Karl Marx…

  6. Remarks on Communes of the Polish People: the character of organization, the ideology, the meaning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Kuligowski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to rethink three important issues that refer to Communes of the Polish People’s history. Firstly, it proposes a new understanding of organization frames, in which this group acted, using the Eric Hobsbawm’s term labour sects. Secondly, the intention is to undermine the understanding of the ideological development of this organization through the prism of theoretical activity of Stanisław Worcell and Zenon Świętosławski. In this case it proposes to show Communes of the Polish People in the context of changing of Polish political vocabulary in the 1830s and 1840s using the Reinhardt Koselleck’s term Sattelzeit. In this case the most durable achievement of Communes is invention of the term “Poland of the People” (Polska Ludowa. And thirdly, the article shows that references to Communes became extinct in the 1880s, at the time of the twilight of Romanticism.

  7. A Critical Analysis of the Environmental Dossiers from the OECD Sponsorship Programme for the Testing of Manufactured Nanomaterials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen Foss; Hjorth, Rune; Skjolding, Lars Michael

    2017-01-01

    In 2015, the OECD finally published the findings of its seven year testing programme for manufactured nanomaterials. Here, we present the first in-depth analysis of the published OECD dossiers with regards to data on physical and chemical properties, environmental fate and ecotoxicology. Each...... prior, during and/or at the end of the study. We find that the information in the dossiers present an incomplete portfolio of nanomaterial ecotoxicological evaluations that are difficult to draw substantive conclusions from and that most of the studies were not designed to investigate the validity...

  8. Dynamics of settlements within Balyhorod commune through the use of GIS techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Іhor Kozak

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this work is to analyze the dynamics of settlements from the 2nd half of the 18th century to 2nd half of 20th century in Balyhorod commune (in Polish “Baligród”, in Lesko district, Podkarpackie voivodeship in Eastern Poland. Balyhorod commune was analyzed in terms of the changes of settlements, applying maps together with published historical data for the analysis of changes in its structure. Firstly, the tactical map of «WIG-Military Institute of Geography» was applied. Secondly, maps from the «WMS-Web Map Service, Geoportal» were analyzed. Changes in the number of villages and households population dynamics for Greek Catholics, Latins and Jews for the year 1785 were evaluated applying ArcGIS 10.3 program. Ukrainian ones were evaluated using ArcGIS 10.3 program in comparison with the number of Poles and Jews for the year 1939. Ethnic and religious composition from the 2nd half of the 18th century to 2nd half of 20th century and the character of settlements distribution in Balyhorod commune was evaluated based on the study of spatial distribution of settlements with the use of Spatial Statistics (Spatial Autocorrelation Global Moran's test, Standard Deviational Ellipse and Mean Centre. In 1785 there were 74,01% of Greek Catholics and in 1939 there were 77,98% of Ukrainians in Balyhorod commune. There was confirmed a similar configuration of Standard Deviation Ellipse and Mean Center for Greek Catholics who were Ukrainians for the year 1785 and Ukrainians for the year 1939 in Balyhorod commune. The scale and results of such changes are essential for future research, mainly in terms of the change of traditional village system infrastructure and culture.

  9. Eosinophilic plasmacytic conjunctivitis concurrent with gingival fistula caused by Schizophyllum commune in a captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madoka Yoshizawa

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available We describe for the first time the diagnosis of Schizophyllum commune infection in a captive cheetah. Eosinophilic plasmacytic conjunctivitis was detected histopathologically in a biopsy specimen. Both a second surgical specimen and drainage fluid from a gingival mass and fistula contained fungal hyphae in giant cells with granulomatous inflammation. Allergic S. commune mycosis was suspected at this point. A monokaryotic isolate was characterized morphologically, and then identified genetically. Treatment with itraconazole and pimaricin was effective. Keywords: Allergic mycosis, Basidiomycosis, Granulomatous inflammation, Felidae, Schizophyllum commune

  10. Distribution of Penicillium commune isolates in cheese dairies mapped using secondary metabolite profiles, morphotypes, RAPD and AFLP fingerprinting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Flemming; Nielsen, A.B.; Skouboe, P.

    2003-01-01

    ) and amplified fragment length polymorphism, (AFLP). For a sub-set of 272 P. commune isolates RAPD analysis generated 33 RAPD groups whereas AFLP profiling revealed 55 AFLP groups. This study conclusively showed that the discriminatory power of AFLP was high compared to RAPD and that AFLP fingerprinting matched...... morphotyping, P. commune isolates with identical profiles using all four typing techniques were interpreted as closely related isolates with a common origin and the distribution of these isolates in the processing environment indicated possible contamination points in the cheese dairies. The coating process...... and unpacking of cheeses with growth of P. commune seemed to cause the contamination problems. Several identical P. commune isolates remained present in the processing environment for more than 7 years in both dairies....

  11. Dossier Energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weijer, H.; Holwerda, B.; Schrauwers, A.; Van de Graaf, A.; Van Gelder, T.

    2003-01-01

    Several aspects with respect to energy are discussed in a special section of this magazine: the security of energy supply in a liberalized market, saving energy by outsourcing (e.g. compressed air contracting), the profits of a liberalized energy market for businesses, incentives for energy saving projects and innovations, an energy efficiency project at Ineos Silicas (producer of zeolites), and energy efficient electronic equipment [nl

  12. Eosinophilic plasmacytic conjunctivitis concurrent with gingival fistula caused by Schizophyllum commune in a captive cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshizawa, Madoka; Kawarai, Shinpei; Torii, Yoshiko; Ota, Kaori; Tasaka, Kiyoshi; Nishimura, Kazuko; Fujii, Chieko; Kanemaki, Nobuyuki

    2017-12-01

    We describe for the first time the diagnosis of Schizophyllum commune infection in a captive cheetah. Eosinophilic plasmacytic conjunctivitis was detected histopathologically in a biopsy specimen. Both a second surgical specimen and drainage fluid from a gingival mass and fistula contained fungal hyphae in giant cells with granulomatous inflammation. Allergic S. commune mycosis was suspected at this point. A monokaryotic isolate was characterized morphologically, and then identified genetically. Treatment with itraconazole and pimaricin was effective.

  13. Lutte contre le changement climatique et maîtrise de la demande d’énergie : introduction au dossier thématique

    OpenAIRE

    Aubrée, Loïc; Calvo-Mendieta, Iratxe

    2017-01-01

    Cet article constitue l’introduction du dossier thématique consacré à la lutte contre le changement climatique et la maîtrise de la demande d’énergie. Après un dossier de la Revue Développement Durable et Territoires, paru en décembre 2015 et en juillet 2016, abordant la question du climat sous l’angle de l’adaptation, les articles de ce dossier s’intéressent aux politiques, aux programmes et aux instruments qui contribuent à l’atténuation du changement climatique. L’objectif est la diminutio...

  14. Cancer mortality in the commune of Pargny sur Saulx in France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vathaire, F. de; Mollie, A.; Challeton de Vathaire, C.; Ropers, J.

    1998-01-01

    Radioactive thorium wastes were found in April 1997 at the former industrial site of 'Orflam-Plast' in the commune of Pargny sur Saulx in the Northeast of France, where industrial activity began in 1934. On this site, between 1934 and 1970, cerium for lighter stones and thorium nitrate were extracted from imported monazite sand, a mineral containing elevated levels of natural radioactivity. We decided to study cancer mortality in the surrounding population. We found an excess of mortality due to lung and bladder cancer in the commune of Pargny sur Saulx and its neighbours, between 1968 and 1994. This excess did not seem to be linked to the river of Saulx which was a possible source of contamination. We conclude that a cancer incidence study of the former workers of this industrial site is necessary in order to investigate the role of natural radioactivity from monazite processing in the risk of cancer mortality among this workforce. (author)

  15. Immunomodulatory Potential of the Polysaccharide-Rich Extract from Edible Cyanobacterium Nostoc commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Fen Liao

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A dry sample of Nostoc commune from an organic farm in Pingtung city (Taiwan was used to prepare polysaccharide-rich (NCPS extract. The conditioned medium (CM from NCPS-treated human peripheral blood (PB-mononuclear cells (MNC effectively inhibited the growth of human leukemic U937 cells and triggered differentiation of U937 monoblast cells into monocytic/macrophagic lines. Cytokine levels in MNC-CMs showed upregulation of granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulatory factor and IL-1β and downregulation of IL-6 and IL-17 upon treatment with NCPS. Moreover, murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells treated with NCPS exhibited the stimulatory effects of nitric oxide and superoxide secretion, indicating that NCPS might activate the immunity of macrophages. Collectively, the present study demonstrates that NCPS from N. commune could be potentially used for macrophage activation and consequently inhibited the leukemic cell growth and induced monocytic/macrophagic differentiation.

  16. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Vietnam : Les communes du Vietnam ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    16 déc. 2010 ... Les communes du Vietnam progressent grâce à l'information Au Vietnam, un système de suivi communautaire de la pauvreté s'appuie sur des enquêtes officielles afin de mieux cibler les pauvres. Les données supplémentaires permettent d'améliorer la vie des collectivités, celle des femmes en particulier.

  17. OGM : vers une définition commune du contenu du problème ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Icart Jean-Claude

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Les divergences croissantes depuis des années entre experts, responsables économiques, et acteurs sociaux et « citoyens » au sujet des OGM, ont pu être analysées à juste titre, comme exprimant la difficulté de dégager une « définition commune du contenu du problème »1.

  18. A new UV-A/B protecting pigment in the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scherer, S.; Chen, T.W.; Boeger, P.

    1988-01-01

    A new ultraviolet (UV)-A/B absorbing pigment with maxima at 312 and 330 nanometers from the cosmopolitan terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune is described. The pigment is found in high amounts (up to 10% of dry weight) in colonies grown under solar UV radiation but only in low concentrations in laboratory cultures illuminated by artificial light without UV. Its experimental induction by UV as well as its capacity to efficiently protect Nostoc against UV radiation is reported

  19. L'attraction des villes françaises, vue des communes concernées

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel VIGOUROUX

    1988-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans l'Inventaire Communal (INSEE de 1979, les communes déclarent les villes qui les attirent, pour toute autre motif que le travail l'attraction est principale ou secondaire. L'image produite est une couverture du territoire, plus ou moins complète et hiérarchisée selon les régions.

  20. The value chain of a commune as an attempt to integrate various theoretical concepts

    OpenAIRE

    Dziemianowicz Wojciech

    2016-01-01

    This article deals with the topic of the local development factors within the value chain of the commune (gmina). The concept of the value chain examines development factors in three groups: the leader, the internal environment and the external environment; it also takes into account the time factor. This article also presents the usefulness of three theoretical and conceptual approaches in reference to the idea of the value chain: the theory of development path dependency, the network theory...

  1. Counteracting Animal Homelessness and Providing Care for Stray Animals as a Task of a Commune

    OpenAIRE

    Szalewska, Małgorzata

    2017-01-01

    The analysis of Polish binding law acts allows one to assume that, on normative level, the obligation of public administration to provide care for stray animals is deeply embedded. Both the Animal Protection Act, as well as the Act on Maintaining Cleanliness, indicate the tasks of a commune in the scope of providing care for stray animals, catching homeless animals and counteracting their homelessness. Simultaneously, the analysis of jurisdiction, and inquiries as well as considerations emerg...

  2. Provision of water by halite deliquescence for Nostoc commune biofilms under Mars relevant surface conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jänchen, Jochen; Feyh, Nina; Szewzyk, Ulrich; de Vera, Jean-Pierre P.

    2016-04-01

    Motivated by findings of new mineral related water sources for organisms under extremely dry conditions on Earth we studied in an interdisciplinary approach the water sorption behaviour of halite, soil component and terrestrial Nostoc commune biofilm under Mars relevant environmental conditions. Physicochemical methods served for the determination of water sorption equilibrium data and survival of heterotrophic bacteria in biofilm samples with different water contents was assured by recultivation. Deliquescence of halite provides liquid water at temperatures <273 K and may serve as water source on Mars during the morning stabilized by the CO2 atmosphere for a few hours. The protecting biofilm of N. commune is rather hygroscopic and tends to store water at lower humidity values. Survival tests showed that a large proportion of the Alphaproteobacteria dominated microbiota associated to N. commune is very desiccation tolerant and water uptake from saturated NaCl solutions (either by direct uptake of brine or adsorption of humidity) did not enhance recultivability in long-time desiccated samples. Still, a minor part can grow under highly saline conditions. However, the salinity level, although unfavourable for the host organism, might be for parts of the heterotrophic microbiota no serious hindrance for growing in salty Mars-like environments.

  3. Biosorption of Cd(II) and Zn(II) by nostoc commune: isotherm and kinetics studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morsy, Fatthy M. [Faculty of Science, Botany Department, Assiut University, Assiut (Egypt); Hassan, Sedky H.A. [Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University, Kangwon-do (Korea, Republic of); Koutb, Mostafa [Faculty of Science, Botany Department, Assiut University, Assiut (Egypt); Umm Al-Qura University, Faculty of Applied Science, Biology Department, Mecca (Saudi Arabia)

    2011-07-15

    In this study, Nostoc commune (cyanobacterium) was used as an inexpensive and efficient biosorbent for Cd(II) and Zn(II) removal from aqueous solutions. The effect of various physicochemical factors on Cd(II) and Zn(II) biosorption such as pH 2.0-7.0, initial metal concentration 0.0-300 mg/L and contact time 0-120 min were studied. Optimum pH for removal of Cd(II) and Zn(II) was 6.0, while the contact time was 30 min at room temperature. The nature of biosorbent and metal ion interaction was evaluated by infrared (IR) technique. IR analysis of bacterial biomass revealed the presence of amino, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, which are responsible for biosorption of Cd(II) and Zn (II). The maximum biosorption capacities for Cd(II) and Zn(II) biosorption by N. commune calculated from Langmuir biosorption isotherm were 126.32 and 115.41 mg/g, respectively. The biosorption isotherm for two biosorbents fitted well with Freundlich isotherm than Langmuir model with correlation coefficient (r{sup 2} < 0.99). The biosorption kinetic data were fitted well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thus, this study indicated that the N. commune is an efficient biosorbent for the removal of Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solutions. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  4. Characterization and biological activities of extracellular melanin produced by Schizophyllum commune (Fries).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, G; Eyini, M; Gunasekaran, P

    2015-06-01

    Melanins are enigmatic pigments produced by a wide variety of microorganisms including bacteria and fungi. Here, we have isolated and characterized extracellular melanin from mushroom fungus, Schizophyllum commune. The extracellular dark pigment produced by the broth culture of S. commune, after 21 days of incubation was recovered by hot acid-alkali treatment. The melanin nature of the pigment was characterized by biochemical tests and further, confirmed by UV, IR, EPR, NMR and MALDI-TOF Mass Spectra. Extracellular melanin, at 100 μg/ml, showed significant antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas fluorescens and antifungal activity against Trichophyton simii and T. rubrum. At a concentration of 50 μg/ml, melanin showed high free radical scavenging activity of DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) indicating its antioxidant potential. It showed concentration dependent inhibition of cell proliferation of Human Epidermoid Larynx Carcinoma Cell Line (HEP-2). This study has demonstrated characterization of melanin from basidiomycetes mushroom fungus, Schizophyllum commune and its applications.

  5. Evolutive and structural characterization of Nostoc commune iron-superoxide dismutase that is fit for modification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Y; Lu, M; Li, J-Y; Qin, Y; Gong, X-G

    2012-10-04

    Superoxide dismutase (SOD) has extensive clinical applications for protecting organisms from toxic oxidation. In this study, the integrated iron-superoxide dismutase gene (fe-sod) coding sequence of Nostoc commune stain CHEN was cloned from genomic DNA and compared to sods from other reported algae. These analyses of immunology and phylogenetics indicated that this Fe-SOD is considerably homologous with SODs from lower prokaryotes (Fe-SOD or Mn-SOD) but not those from higher animals (Cu/Zn-SOD). In addition, the N. commune Fe-SOD shows 67 to 93% protein sequence identity to 10 other algal Fe-SODs (or Mn-SODs) and 69 to 93% gene sequence identity. Rare nonsynonymous substitutions imply that algal SODs are being subjected to strong natural selection. Interestingly, the N. commune Fe-SOD enzyme molecule has a compact active center that is highly conserved (38.1% of residues are absolutely conserved), and 2 loose ends localized outside the molecule and inclined to mutate (only 11.5% of residues are absolutely conserved). Based on associative analyses of evolution, structure, and function, this special phenomenon is attributed to function-dependent evolution through negative natural selection. Under strong natural selection, although the mutation is random on the gene level, the exterior region is inclined to mutate on the protein level owing to more nonsynonymous substitutions in the exterior region, which demonstrates the theoretical feasibility of modifying Fe-SOD on its ends to overcome its disadvantages in clinical applications.

  6. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier VII - Usage conflicts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gautschi, A.; Becker, J.; Traber, D.; Leu, W.

    2014-01-01

    This dossier is the seventh of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. It discusses possible conflicts with respect to the use of rock strata below or above the proposed host rock layers. Possible usage could include the extraction of salt, coal or other hydrocarbons. Other possible conflicting uses include the mining of stone, ores and minerals as well as the extraction of mineral water and thermal water. The construction of deep boreholes, for example for geothermal probes, could also cause conflicts with any nuclear waste depositories. The storage of natural gas or carbon sequestration, however, is not considered likely

  7. The Einstein dossiers science and politics - Einstein's Berlin period with an appendix on Einstein's FBI file

    CERN Document Server

    Grundmann, Siegfried

    2004-01-01

    In 1919 the Prussian Ministry of Science, Arts and Culture opened a dossier on "Einstein's Theory of Relativity." It was rediscovered by the author in 1961 and is used in conjunction with numerous other subsequently identified 'Einstein' files as the basis of this fascinating book. In particular, the author carefully scrutinizes Einstein's FBI file from 1950-55 against mostly unpublished material from European including Soviet sources and presents hitherto unknown documentation on Einstein's alleged contacts with the German Communist Party and the Comintern. Siegfried Grundmann's thorough study of Einstein's participation on a committee of the League of Nations, based on archival research in Geneva, is also new. This book outlines Einstein's image in politics and German science policy. It covers the period from his appointment as a researcher in Berlin to his fight abroad against the "boycott of German science" after World War I and his struggle at home against attacks on "Jewish physics" of which he was made...

  8. Establishment of an isolation method of Nostoc commune cells free from extracellular polysaccharides (EPS using Percoll centrifugation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makiko Kosugi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune Vaucher ex Bornet et Flahault occurs worldwide, including in Japan and Antarctica. N. commune has a large amount of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS that hold moisture and protect the cells and at the same time accumulate light-blocking substances which is believed to play an important part in adaptation to a severe environment. To evaluate the photoadaptation processes in N. commune and clarify the role(s of EPS under ambient environmental condition at Antarctica, separation of cells from EPS is necessary. High yield is a prerequisite for the use of only small amount of natural N. commune from Antarctica. For this purpose, we developed a separation method by improving the Percoll density gradient centrifugation method using an EPS-coated field-grown Nostoc population. We established the most suitable condition to separate naked cells from EPS at high yield retaining high photosynthetic activity. The method is composed of centrifugation of cell homogenated N. commune in 10% (v/v Percoll to separate cells efficiently from EPS followed by fractionating centrifugation to remove impurities using the gradient of Percoll (80% and 50%, v/v.

  9. Les débuts de la commune de Meaux (1179-1184)

    OpenAIRE

    Wilmart, Mickaël

    2000-01-01

    L'article analyse les circonstances de la création de l'institution communale de Meaux (Seine-et-Marne) à la fin du XIIe siècle et la nouvelle situation administrative mise en place par la charte de 1179. La ville est alors au centre d'un conflit entre l'évêque et le comte de Champagne. Les droits (qui restent restreints par rapport aux autres communes du royaume de France) accordés par ce dernier aux bourgeois de Meaux lui assurent la fidélité de la ville tout en attaquant une partie du pouv...

  10. Typologie des systemes d'elevage bovin de la commune de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Afin de caractériser les systèmes d'élevage bovin de la commune de Gogounou au nord-est du Bénin, une enquête concernant 102 élevages ayant un effectif total de 7.769 têtes de bovins a été réalisée. En utilisant les méthodes d'analyse factorielle des correspondances multiples (AFCM) et de classification hiérarchique ...

  11. The value chain of a commune as an attempt to integrate various theoretical concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dziemianowicz Wojciech

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the topic of the local development factors within the value chain of the commune (gmina. The concept of the value chain examines development factors in three groups: the leader, the internal environment and the external environment; it also takes into account the time factor. This article also presents the usefulness of three theoretical and conceptual approaches in reference to the idea of the value chain: the theory of development path dependency, the network theory, and the concept of smart specializations.

  12. Roots, a collective process for the recovery of the Historical memory of the commune, the district and Hillside Raises collective process of recuperation of history Memory of commune, barrio and ladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Cardenas Avendaño

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Roots: collective historical memory of the Commune 3, Manrique. It is an initiative of Community Action Research, which was consolidated from the research process “collective reconstruction of the historical memory of the neighborhood Cruz Bello Honda and east of the city of Medellin, period 1980- 2010” held in the slope of the Commune between 2012 - 2013 by the Department of Sociology at the University of Antioquia and hillside communities, in an attempt to rescue the historical memory of the neighborhood, but also the memory of those who integrate and give life spaces, places, territories, its people

  13. Gérer la communication numérique communale guide pratique 2.0 à destination des communes

    CERN Document Server

    Allard, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Pour une meilleure communication numérique des communes.La ville, la commune 2.0 existe bel et bien. Souvent, les sites-vitrines d''autrefois ont laissé la place à d''authentiques sites web pensés et conçus pour englober un maximum de fonctionnalités. En suivant l''évolution des comportements et usages des citoyens, la commune reste au plus proche de ceux-ci, et c''est bien là son intérêt.Une communication numérique beaucoup plus large, qui englobe notamment la gestion de la présence et de l''activité sur les réseaux sociaux, est un gage de démocratie.Chaque concept est introduit par une déf

  14. Importance of Distributed Generation in the National Power System Based on the Example of Gierałtowice Commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joachim Bargiel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the location capabilities of non-renewable energy sources (natural gas as well as renewable energy (biogas, methane, solar and water in a selected community. An assessment of energy supply end user – large load municipal communities are presented. Implementation plans of the energy mini centres in the Gierałtowice commune are shown, which using biogas, methane from agricultural and wind, as well as the practical tests of working these mini centres. Problems that Gierałtowice commune encountered while working on the implementation of energy investments, the directions of the solutions and the prospect of further investment were discussed.

  15. Selected Economic Aspects Of Adopting A Local Spatial Development Plan Exemplified By The Commune Of Tomice In Malopolskie Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gawroński Krzysztof

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The object of this article is to analyze and asses the legal and economic consequences arising from the adoption (or change of a local spatial development plan. The paper also presents, based on the example of the rural commune of Tomice in the Malopolska Province of Poland, how to estimate income to the commune budget from the collected planning fees. The analyses are based on planning studies, including the local spatial development plan from 2004, and the study of conditions and directions of spatial development from 2012. The council of Tomice Commune adopted the local spatial plan due to the increasing demand for residential areas. According to the plan, over 930 acres of land have been allocated for investment purposes, which is approx. 22.4% of the total area of 4,155 ha. The local plan was developed for all the six cadastral units of the commune, with one hundred percent surface coverage. The physiographic conditions and the location of Tomice Commune encourage the settlement of the urban population (from Wadowice or Krakow, which entails the need for housing investment areas. In 2012, the Tomice Commune adopted a change in the study of conditions and directions of spatial development. The proposed re-zoning of the area is in line with the policy of transitioning from an agricultural character towards the sustainable and multifunctional development of the commune. It is worth noting that the provisions of the plan of 2004 take into account the collection of a one-time fee for the sale of real estate whose value has increased as a result of the adoption of the plan. The amount of this fee for investment areas was set at the level of 30% of the increase in value, in accordance with the provisions of the Polish Act on Spatial Planning and Management. Due to the fact that the currently valid local plan has been in effect for 10 years, it can be assumed that the commune will proceed to make some changes to it. The article estimates the

  16. Schizophyllum commune

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use

    2011-12-12

    Dec 12, 2011 ... manganese peroxidase (MnP), 2700 IU/ml for lignins peroxidase (LiP) and 345 IU/ml for laccase after 3 days incubation at рH 4.5 and 35°C ... a sole ligninolytic enzyme for lignin degradation. MnP is a heme containing ... development, biofuels cells, textile biofinishing, environ- mental protection processes ...

  17. Dossier Imitation - Introduction générale Special section on Imitation – General introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odile Petit

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans ce dossier spécial, nous nous sommes intéressés à l’aspect ontogénique et phylogénique de l’imitation. Nous avons invité des spécialistes du développement de l’enfant et des primatologues à discuter de ce que l’imitation représente pour l’espèce humaine, de sa présence chez des espèces de primates non humains et des éventuelles similarités observées au sein de l’ordre des primates. L’imitation possède une double dimension, cognitive et sociale. En effet, les processus d’imitation impliquent des compétences cognitives qui s’inscrivent dans des contextes sociaux et culturels. Ce mode d’apprentissage soulève de nombreuses questions : Peut-on considérer l’imitation comme une compétence innée ? L’étude de son développement permet-elle de comprendre les mécanismes du fonctionnement cognitif ? L’imitation est-elle uniquement humaine ?This special issue is interested in the ontogeny and the phylogeny of imitation. We have invited experts in developmental psychology and in primatology to discuss the definition of imitation in Human, its existence in non human primate species and to address the question of similarities between the different primate species. Imitation has both a cognitive and a social dimension. Imitation involves, indeed, cognitive processes that are part of social and cultural life. Learning occurs via imitation and several questions can be asked: Is imitation innate? Will studying its ontogeny help understanding its cognitive processes? Finally, is imitation human specific?

  18. Some evidence for skewed mating type distribution in Iranian populations of Rhynchosporium commune, the cause of barley scald disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzanlou Mahdi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Rhynchosporium commune (formerly known as Rhynchosporium secalis, the causal agent of scald disease on barley, is known to spread asexually by splash dispersed conidia. However, there are multiple lines of evidence for the possibility of a clandestine sexual cycle occurrence in this species including extensive genotypic diversity, equal distribution of mating type alleles across the world and expression of mating type genes. In the current study, the potential for the occurrence of a sexual cycle amongst the Iranian population of R. commune was assessed by analyzing distribution and frequency of the mating type alleles at both micro and macro-spatial scales. A total of 95 single-conidial R. commune isolates were obtained from different barley fields in Kurdistan province. Previously designed primers were applied in a multiplex PCR assay to study distribution and frequency of the mating type alleles within and between populations. Totally, 67 isolates were determined as MAT1-1 and the remaining 28 isolates as MAT1-2 throughout the sampling counties. The results obtained at a macro-spatial scale revealed that unlike Kamyaran county (both MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 at an equal ratio, an unequal distribution of mating type genes was dominant among R. commune isolates in both Mariwan and Dehgolan counties. Our findings support a predominantly asexual reproduction for Mariwan and Dehgolan counties and the possibility of sexual stage occurrence in Kamyarna county.

  19. Occurrence of the root-rot pathogen, Fusarium commune, in forest nurseries of the midwestern and western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mee-Sook Kim; Jane E. Stewart; R. Kasten Dumroese; Ned B. Klopfenstein

    2012-01-01

    Fusarium commune can cause damping-off and root rot of conifer seedlings in forest nurseries, and this pathogen has been previously reported from Oregon, Idaho, and Washington, USA. We collected Fusarium isolates from additional nurseries in the midwestern and western USA to more fully determine occurrence of this pathogen. We used DNA sequences of the mitochondrial...

  20. DIFFERENTIAL EXPRESSION OF GENES UNDER CONTROL OF THE MATING-TYPE GENES IN THE SECONDARY MYCELIUM OF SCHIZOPHYLLUM-COMMUNE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ASGEIRSDOTTIR, SA; VANWETTER, MA; WESSELS, JGH

    The Schizophyllum commune SC3 gene, which encodes a hydrophobin that coats aerial hyphae, is expressed in both monokaryons and dikaryons. The dikaryons were formed by mating two monokaryons with different MATA and MATB genes, leading to activation of the MATA- and MATB-controlled pathways (MATA-on

  1. Nagra technical report 14-02, Geological basics - Dossier VI - Barrier properties of proposed host rock sediments and neighbouring rock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gautschi, A.; Deplazes, G.; Traber, D.; Marschall, P.; Mazurek, M.; Gimmi, T.; Maeder, U.

    2014-01-01

    This dossier is the sixth of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. It discusses the barrier properties of the proposed host rock sediments and neighbouring rock layers. The mineralogical composition of the host rocks are discussed as are their pore densities and hydrological properties. Diffusion aspects are discussed. The aquifer systems in the proposed depository areas and their classification are looked at. The barrier properties of the host rocks and those of neighbouring sediments are discussed. Finally, modelling concepts and parameters for the transport of radionuclides in the rocks are discussed

  2. A novel expansin protein from the white-rot fungus Schizophyllum commune.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Eduardo Tovar-Herrera

    Full Text Available A novel expansin protein (ScExlx1 was found, cloned and expressed from the Basidiomycete fungus Schizophylum commune. This protein showed the canonical features of plant expansins. ScExlx1 showed the ability to form "bubbles" in cotton fibers, reduce the size of avicel particles and enhance reducing sugar liberation from cotton fibers pretreated with the protein and then treated with cellulases. ScExlx1 was able to bind cellulose, birchwood xylan and chitin and this property was not affected by different sodium chloride concentrations. A novel property of ScExlx1 is its capacity to enhance reducing sugars (N-acetyl glucosamine liberation from pretreated chitin and further added with chitinase, which has not been reported for any expansin or expansin-like protein. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a bona fide fungal expansin found in a basidiomycete and we could express the bioactive protein in Pichia pastoris.

  3. Schizophyllum commune a causative agent of fungal sinusitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Premamalini, T; Ambujavalli, B T; Anitha, S; Somu, L; Kindo, Anupma J

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of maxillary sinusitis caused by Schizophyllum commune, in a 50-year-old female. The patient presented with nasal obstruction, purulent nasal discharge from right side of the nose, cough, headache, and sneezing. Computed tomography revealed extensive opacity of the right maxillary sinus as well as erosion of the nasal wall and maxillary bone. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was done, and fungal debris present on right side of the maxillary sinus was removed and sent to laboratory. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) examination of the nasal discharge showed hyaline, septate hyphae. Primary isolation on Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA) yielded a white woolly mould. Banana peel culture after 8 weeks showed macroscopically visible fan-shaped fruiting bodies. Lactophenol cotton blue (LPCB) mount of the same revealed hyaline septate hyphae, often with clamp connections. Identification was confirmed by the presence of clamp connections formed on the hyphae and by vegetative compatibility with known isolates.

  4. Schizophyllum Commune a Causative Agent of Fungal Sinusitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Premamalini

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of maxillary sinusitis caused by Schizophyllum commune, in a 50-year-old female. The patient presented with nasal obstruction, purulent nasal discharge from right side of the nose, cough, headache, and sneezing. Computed tomography revealed extensive opacity of the right maxillary sinus as well as erosion of the nasal wall and maxillary bone. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery was done, and fungal debris present on right side of the maxillary sinus was removed and sent to laboratory. Potassium hydroxide (KOH examination of the nasal discharge showed hyaline, septate hyphae. Primary isolation on Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA yielded a white woolly mould. Banana peel culture after 8 weeks showed macroscopically visible fan-shaped fruiting bodies. Lactophenol cotton blue (LPCB mount of the same revealed hyaline septate hyphae, often with clamp connections. Identification was confirmed by the presence of clamp connections formed on the hyphae and by vegetative compatibility with known isolates.

  5. Chemical Constituents of a Marine-Derived Endophytic Fungus Penicillium commune G2M

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Jiao Yan

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cultivation of the endophytic fungus Penicillium commune, which was isolated from the semi-mangrove plant Hibiscus tiliaceus,afforded one new compound 1-O-(2,4-dihydroxy-6-methylbenzoyl-glycerol (1 along with thirteen known products, including 1-O-acetylglycerol (2, N-acetyltryptophan (3, 3-indolylacetic acid methyl ester (4, 1-(2,4-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenylethanone (5, 2-(2,5-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (6, (4R,5S-5-hydroxyhexan-4-olide (7, thymidine (8, uracil (9, thymine (10, ergosterol (11, β-sitosterol (12,β-daucosterol (13, and ergosta-7,22-dien-3β,5α,6β-triol (14. The structures of these compounds were established by detailed NMR spectroscopic analysis, as well as by comparison with literature data or with authentic samples.

  6. The influence of canon law on ius commune in its formative period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmeti Sami

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Medieval period, Roman law and canon law formed ius commune or the common European law. The similarity between Roman and canon law was that they used the same methods and the difference was that they relied on different authoritative texts. In their works canonists and civilists combined the ancient Greek achievements in philosophy with the Roman achievements in the field of law. Canonists were the first who carried out research on the distinctions between various legal sources and systematized them according to a hierarchical order. The Medieval civilists sought solutions in canon law for a large number of problems that Justinian’s Codification did not hinge on or did it only superficially. Solutions offered by canon law were accepted not only in the civil law of Continental Europe, but also in the English law.

  7. Ultrastructural differences between wall apices of growing and non-growing hyphae of Schizophyllum commune

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vermeulen, C.A.; Wessels, J.G.H.

    1984-01-01

    Newly synthesized chitin at the hyphal apex of Schizophyllum commune was shown to be highly susceptible to chitinase degradiation and solubilization by dilute mineral acid. With time this chitin became gradually more resistant to these treatments. With a combination of the shadow-cast technique and electron microscopic autoradiography it could be shown that this process occurred as the newly synthesized chitin moved into subapical parts of growing hyphae but also in non-growing apices which had ceased growth after incorporation of the N-acetyl[6- 3 H]glucosamine. These results are in agreement with a model which explains apical morphogenesis by assuming that the newly synthesized wall material at the apex is plastic due to the presence of individual polymer chains but becomes rigidified because of subsequent physical and chemical changes involving these polymers. (Author)

  8. A Commune-Level Groundwater Potential Map for the Republic of Mali

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    Silvia Díaz-Alcaide

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Groundwater represents an essential resource in sub-Saharan Africa, where several hundred million people rely on aquifers for domestic supply. This paper presents a method to map groundwater potential in the Republic of Mali based on a spatially-distributed database of 26,040 boreholes. The database includes exhaustive information on key parameters such as borehole location, success rate of borehole production, depth, yield, static groundwater level or water quality. Representative variables were classified and interpreted jointly to develop a groundwater potential index for each of the 703 communes in Mali. This provides a methodological novelty because groundwater potential studies typically rely on indirect indicators such as lineaments, slope, soil moisture and landforms. Also, such large borehole databases have seldom been used to estimate groundwater potential. The highest indexes were obtained for the areas in and around the River Niger’s Inner Delta, including southern Tombouctou and the central parts of the Ségou and Mopti Regions. The lower Precambrian formations, which include the country’s thoroughly populated southern plateau, had moderate scores. The lowest groundwater potential was found in the northern part of the Kayes and Koulikoro Regions, as well as in the entire region of Kidal. By providing results at the commune scale, these outcomes show that groundwater potential across the country’s geological and hydrogeological units can be highly variable, and that local and regional-scale information may be useful for groundwater management purposes. These results are policy-relevant in a context of rapid change and population growth, where groundwater resources can be expected to be increasingly relied upon in the coming years.

  9. Studies of polysaccharides from three edible species of Nostoc (cyanobacteria) with different colony morphologies : structural characterization and effect on the complement system of polysaccharides from Nostoc commune

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brüll, L.P.; Huang, Z.; Thomas-Oates, J.E.; Smestad-Paulsen, B.; Cohen, E.H.; Michaelsen, T.E.

    2000-01-01

    The cyanobacterium Nostoc commune Vaucher produces quite complex extracellular polysaccharides. The cyanobacterium is nitrogen fixing, and on growing the cyanobacterium in media with and without nitrogen, different types of extracellular polysaccharides were obtained. These were also different from

  10. Schizophyllum commune: The main cause of dying trees of the Banja Luka arbored walks and parks

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    Matavulj Milan N.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the frame of investigation of the main cause of dying trees of the main arbored walks (Mladena Stojanovića Aley and Park, the investigation of the presence and diversity of macrofungi in Banja Luka City were undertaken in the period 2006-2011. Relatively poor generic diversity of lignicolous (pathogenic or potentially pathogenic and saprotrophic macrofungi with only 16 species representing this group (13 basidiomycets: Schizophyllum commune, Fomes fomentarius, Stereum hirsutum, Coriolus versicolor, Flammulina velutipes, Pseudotrametes gibbosa, Ganoderma applanatum, G. lucidum, G. adspersum, Polyporus squamosus, Meripilus giganteus, Laetiporus sulphureus, Auricu­laria auricula-judae, and 3 ascomycets: Nectria cinnabarina, Xylaria hypoxylon, X. poly­morpha were recorded. Such a poor qualitative composition of this very important fungal group could be explained by the reduction in the number of plant species in arbored walks and alleys, as well as the reduction in the number of fungi resistant to heavy air pollution caused by nearby (1-5m fuel combustion in engines. Although only preliminary, our results pointed to the necessity of conservation and protection of the most beautiful features of Banja Luka and its alleys and arbored walks, by undertaking the measures of curing damaged trees and treating them with fungicides in order to wipe out the epiphytia caused in more than 95% of cases (dated May 2011 by Split-gill (Schizophyllum commune, present on dead wood but also on damaged trees of Aesculus hyppocastaneum (127 trees, Tilia cordata (124 trees, Tilia platyphyllos (36 trees, Tilia argentea (40 trees, Acer negundo (20 trees, Platanus acerifolia (2 trees, Robinia pseudoacacia (3 trees, Fraxinus ornus (1 tree, Betula pendula (1 tree, Catalpa sp. (2 trees, etc. Altogether, during the last decade, around 200 trees collapsed or were sanitary cut in Banja Luka arbored walk from the Malta site to the Green bridge, a total length around 5 km. The

  11. The village/commune safety policy and HIV prevention efforts among key affected populations in Cambodia: finding a balance

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    Thomson Nick

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Village/Commune Safety Policy was launched by the Ministry of Interior of the Kingdom of Cambodia in 2010 and, due to a priority focus on “cleaning the streets”, has created difficulties for HIV prevention programs attempting to implement programs that work with key affected populations including female sex workers and people who inject drugs. The implementation of the policy has forced HIV program implementers, the UN and various government counterparts to explore and develop collaborative ways of delivering HIV prevention services within this difficult environment. The following case study explores some of these efforts and highlights the promising development of a Police Community Partnership Initiative that it is hoped will find a meaningful balance between the Village/Commune Safety Policy and HIV prevention efforts with key affected populations in Cambodia.

  12. La croissance de la truite commune (Salmo trutta L. sur le bassin de Scorff

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    BAGLINIÈRE J. L.

    1990-07-01

    Full Text Available La croissance de la truite commune (Salmo trutta L. a été étudiée à partir du suivi de cinq cohortes âgées de 0 - à 2 - ans dans quatre milieux différents (Scorff aval et amont, affluent, sous-affluent. D'une manière générale, la taille destruites quelque soit leur âge diminue de l'aval vers l'amont du Scorff et de la rivière à l'affluent et au sous-affluent. Le taux mensuel de croissance G = 2,85 (LnL2 — LnL1/(T2 — T1 diminue de la première à la troisième année de vie quelque soit l'ordre de drainage. Ce taux de croissance varie suivant le milieu pour les deux premières classes d'âge (0 + et 1 +, cet effet milieu étant relié à la densité de population pour les individus 0 +. Le taux de croissance varie également suivant les années mais uniquement chez les plus jeunes truites et cet effet année est relié principalement à la température de l'eau. Un modèle de Von Bertalanffy est proposé pour décrire la relation entre la taille (Lf et la somme des températures moyennes journalières depuis la date moyenne d'émergence (Tmjpendant la première année : Lf = 106,7 (1 — exp [ — 0,0005 (Tmj + 468]. Les résultats sont discutés et permettent de dégager les faits majeurs intervenant sur la croissance de la truite tout au long d'un cycle jusqu'à la maturation sexuelle. Mots-clés : Température - Croissance - Truite commune - Rivière - France.

  13. Capacity of Commune Health Stations in Chi Linh District, Hai Duong Province, for Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thi Thuy Nga, Nguyen; Thi My Anh, Bui; Nguyen Ngoc, Nguyen; Minh Diem, Dang; Duy Kien, Vu; Bich Phuong, Tran; Quynh Anh, Tran; Van Minh, Hoang

    2017-07-01

    The primary health care system in Vietnam has been playing an important role in prevention and control of diseases. This study aimed to describe the capacity of commune health stations in Chi Linh district, Hai Duong province for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative approaches) approach was applied to collect data in 20 commune health stations. The participants, including health workers, stakeholders, and patients with NCDs, were selected for the study. The findings reported that the main activities of prevention and control of NCDs at commune health stations (CHSs) still focused on information-education-community (IECs), unqualified for providing screening, diagnosis, and treatments of NCDs. The capacity for prevention and control of NCDs in CHSs was inadequate to provide health care services related to prevention and control of NCDs and unmet with the community's demands. In order to ensure the role and implementation of primary care level, there is an urgent need to improve the capacity of CHSs for prevention and control of NCDs, particularly a national budget for NCDs prevention and control, the essential equipment and medicines recommended by the World Health Organization should be provided and available at the CHSs.

  14. Dossier Madagascar - Introduction générale Special section on Madagascar - General introduction.

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    Dominique Gommery

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ce dossier spécial est consacré à Madagascar, le royaume naturel des lémuriens. Douze articles de disciplines diverses ont été regroupés dans le but de présenter une vue générale sur ce qui se fait en primatologie par ou impliquant des francophones. La majorité des travaux présentés concerne la conservation et la protection des lémuriens actuels dont beaucoup sont en danger. Les activités en conservation sont diverses mais les projets relatifs impliquent de plus en plus les relations avec les communautés locales et leur développement. Le soutien et l'engagement de celles-ci est une clé de réussite. Ces projets ne pourraient voir le jour s’il n'y avait pas d'études scientifiques en amont par exemple sur la biologie, le comportement et l'écologie de chaque population ou groupe taxonomique. Pour pouvoir protéger les lémuriens avec l'aide des populations locales, il faut aussi comprendre les traditions et les perceptions des habitants vis-à-vis de ces primates. La diversité des lémuriens était encore plus importante dans un passé assez proche et constitue une partie du patrimoine naturel malgache. Il est important de comprendre le passé pour comprendre l'actuel, et inversement. L'évolution de ces primates reste assez complexe et les recherches récentes permettent de corriger notre vision de celle-ci.This special issue is devoted to Madagascar, the natural kingdom of the lemurs. Twelve articles of various disciplines were gathered to present a general overview on what is done in primatology by or implying French-speaking people. The greatest part of this special issue relates to the conservation and the protection of the extant lemurs of which lot are in danger. The activities in conservation are varied but the projects are more and more in relationship with the local communities and implicated in their development. The support and the commitment of these populations are a key of success. These projects could not come

  15. Biosynthesis of ergot alkaloids from penicillium commune using response surface methodology (RSM)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shahid, M. G.; Cheema, T. A.; Baig, S.; Nadeem, M.; Nelofar, R.

    2017-01-01

    The present study employed the response surface methodology (RSM), a statistical technique, for the identification, screening and optimization of fermentation factors to produce ergot alkaloids under laboratory conditions by Penicillium commune. The static surface culture fermentation technique helped to enhance the production of ergot alkaloids. In the first step Plackett-Burman design (PBD) was used to evaluate the effect of ten factors, including nine ingredients of fermentation medium and one process parameter. It was found that sucrose, yeast extract and FeSO/sub 4/.7H/sub 2/O played the pivotal role in enhancing the yield of ergot alkaloids. In the second step, the effect of concentration levels of sucrose, yeast extract and FeSO/sub 4/.7H/sub 2/O was further optimized using Box-Behnken design (BBD) under the same fermentation conditions. The optimized concentrations of sucrose, yeast extract and FeSO/sub 4/.7H/sub 2/O were 41%, 39% and 0.11% respectively, which significantly enhanced the yield of ergot alkaloids. (author)

  16. Drinking water: a need met for the people of the commune of Bantè, Benin

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    T. R. Fousseni

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available RACINES (Recherches, Actions Communautaires, Initiatives pour un Nouvel ESpoir is a Beni¬nese non-governmental organization established in 1999 following the initiatives of young Beninese execu¬tives. A case study undertaken in 2003 in the villages of Galata and Agbon in the commune of Bantè identified the need for drinking water as the most urgent need. In response to this need, and with the financial support of Oxfam Québec, RACINES initiated a project for the installation of manual water pumps in the two villages. The development of this project involved three major phases: the mobilization of communities around this project, the installation of water pumps and the organization of socio-sanitary educational activities. Twenty months into the execution of the project, a local management committee was established and strengthened, a hand-operated water pump was installed and water-themed public awareness activities, such as water use, water sanitation and the dangers of drinking dirty or contaminated water, were organized every month or so in each of the two communities. Overall, this project has introduced a new type of leadership in the commune of Bantè, involving a high level of participation by young people working alongside the elders in the local management committees and ensuring the perpetuation of the systems installed.RACINES (Recherches, Actions Communautaires, Initiatives pour un Nouvel ESpoir est une organisation béninoise non gouvernementale créée en 1999 à l’initiative de jeunes cadres béninois. Au nombre des besoins identifiés en 2003 suite à une étude prospective, l’eau potable s’est révélée comme besoin prioritaire dans les villages de Galata et d’Agbon dans la commune de Bantè. En réponse à ce besoin, RACINES a initié, avec le soutien financier de Oxfam Québec, un projet pour l’installation de pompes d’eau manuelles dans les villages concernés. La mise en œuvre de ce projet comporte trois

  17. Factors associated with job satisfaction among commune health workers: implications for human resource policies

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    Bach Xuan Tran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Job satisfaction among health workers is an important indicator in assessing the performance and efficiency of health services. Objective: This study measured job satisfaction and determined associated factors among health workers in 38 commune health stations in an urban district and a rural district of Hanoi, Vietnam. A total of 252 health workers (36 medical doctors and 216 nurses and technicians; 74% female were interviewed. A job satisfaction measure was developed using factor analysis, from which four dimensions emerged, namely ‘benefits and prospects,’ ‘facility and equipment,’ ‘performance,’ and ‘professionals.’ Results: The results demonstrate that respondents were least satisfied with the following categories: salary and incentives (24.0%, benefit packages (25.1%, equipment (35.7%, and environment (41.8%. The average satisfaction score was moderate across four domains; it was the highest for ‘performance’ (66.6/100 and lowest for ‘facility and equipment’ (50.4/100. Tobit-censored regression models, constructed using stepwise selection, determined significant predictors of job satisfaction including age, areas of work and expertise, professional education, urban versus rural setting, and sufficient number of staff. Conclusion: The findings highlight the need to implement health policies that focus on incentives, working conditions, workloads, and personnel management at grassroots level.

  18. Ius Constitutionale Commune en América Latina: una mirada a un constitucionalismo transformador

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    Armin von Bogdandy

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available El Ius Constitutionale Commune en América Latina (ICCAL se refiere a un enfoque regional sobre el constitucionalismo transformador. Dicho enfoque se nutre de la inquietante experiencia respecto de condiciones de vida inaceptables y apunta a la transformación de la realidad política y social de América Latina por medio del fortalecimiento concertado de la democracia, el Estado de derecho y los derechos humanos. Los problemas comunes a los países latinoamericanos, tales como la exclusión de amplios sectores de la sociedad y la débil normatividad del derecho, son temas centrales de este enfoque. El ICCAL no apuesta por la integración funcional de la región, sino más bien por un constitucionalismo regional de los derechos con garantías supranacionales. Como resultado de esto último, los representantes del ICCAL reconocen la muy estrecha relación que existe entre el derecho constitucional, el derecho internacional y el derecho comparado. La apertura de los ordenamientos jurídicos nacionales de numerosos países latinoamericanos hacia el derecho internacional, y en particular hacia el sistema interamericano de protección de los derechos humanos, es de especial importancia y constituye el núcleo normativo del iccal. La presente contribución analiza los elementos centrales de dicho enfoque y describe sus contornos específicamente latinoamericanos.

  19. Strategy for development of the commune of Topólka and achieving the established goals

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    Małgorzata Zajdel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to evaluate the changes introduced by the Strategy for Development of the Commune Topólka for 2002-2017. It has been assumed that the strategy had been implemented without any major obstacles. The researchers used the case study method, which is one of the basic tools for checking quality. A group of one hundred residents has been appointed to provide feedback on the development of their community. They were presented with a questionnaire consisting of nine questions. More than sixty-six (66.8% percent of the polled admitted they had no knowledge about the Strategy for Community Development. The most urgent problems mentioned by the group are: high unemployment rate (59.3%, many houses having no access to the main sewer system (42.9%, poor road condition and the absence of footpaths (33%, wasting the region's tourism potential due to poor publicity and infrastructure (31.9%, transportation shortcomings (33%, and alcoholism (31.9%. The research proves that although the Strategy for Community Development does include the operation and strategic goals, it does not specify any useful measurement instruments. Unfortunately, the operation of the Strategy has not been monitored closely, therefore the authorities were not able to provide any positive or negative evaluation.

  20. Factors associated with job satisfaction among commune health workers: implications for human resource policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Bach Xuan; Van Hoang, Minh; Nguyen, Hinh Duc

    2013-01-30

    Job satisfaction among health workers is an important indicator in assessing the performance and efficiency of health services. This study measured job satisfaction and determined associated factors among health workers in 38 commune health stations in an urban district and a rural district of Hanoi, Vietnam. A total of 252 health workers (36 medical doctors and 216 nurses and technicians; 74% female) were interviewed. A job satisfaction measure was developed using factor analysis, from which four dimensions emerged, namely 'benefits and prospects,' 'facility and equipment,' 'performance,' and 'professionals.' The results demonstrate that respondents were least satisfied with the following categories: salary and incentives (24.0%), benefit packages (25.1%), equipment (35.7%), and environment (41.8%). The average satisfaction score was moderate across four domains; it was the highest for 'performance' (66.6/100) and lowest for 'facility and equipment' (50.4/100). Tobit-censored regression models, constructed using stepwise selection, determined significant predictors of job satisfaction including age, areas of work and expertise, professional education, urban versus rural setting, and sufficient number of staff. The findings highlight the need to implement health policies that focus on incentives, working conditions, workloads, and personnel management at grassroots level.

  1. Introduction to Dossier. International Migrations in Latin America: Critical Views on the Production of a Field of Knowledge

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    Gioconda Herrera

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a reflection from three dimensions on epistemological and political logics that crosscut the studies on migrations in Latin America: 1 the increasing heterogeneity of flows and the need to rethink the conceptual categories from which migrations are addressed; 2 the dialogue and appropriation of analytical frameworks produced in other regions in Latin American studies; and 3 the political agendas of the States in the region and in the North, and their selective influence on the production of knowledge. The objective is to offer a general reflection on the production of the field of studies on migrations in Latin America to serve as a context for the analysis of the five articles presented in this dossier of Íconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales.

  2. Études des pratiques funéraires éthiopiennes : contextes, sources et enjeux. Introduction au dossier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anaïs Wion

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce dossier rassemble des articles issus d’un séminaire de recherche sur la mort et les funérailles en Éthiopie qui a eu lieu entre 2002 et 2004 au Centre de recherches africaines de l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, animé par les enseignants-chercheurs, chercheurs, doctorants et post-doctorants travaillant sur l’Éthiopie. Ce séminaire se voulait délibérément ouvert aux différentes périodes, aux disciplines, aux aires culturelles qui recouvrent l’espace éthiopien d’aujourd’hui, même si l...

  3. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier V - Hydro-geological conditions; SGT Etappe 2: Vorschlag weiter zu untersuchender geologischer Standortgebiete mit zugehörigen Standortarealen für die Oberflächenanlage -- Geologische Grundlagen -- Dossier V -- Hydrogeologische Verhältnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Traber, D.; Gautschi, A.; Marschall, P.; Becker, J. [National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (NAGRA), Wettingen (Switzerland); Waber, N. [Institut of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Berne (Switzerland)

    2014-12-15

    This dossier is the fifth of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. Dossier V looks at hydro-geological considerations in North-Western Switzerland. Rock layers in the region and their hydrological properties are examined. Ground-water and deeper lying aquifers in the various rock formations are discussed. The specific hydrology in the proposed areas for nuclear waste depositories is looked at, including infiltration and exfiltration zones and gradients.

  4. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier IV - Information on geo-mechanics; SGT Etappe 2: Vorschlag weiter zu untersuchender geologischer Standortgebiete mit zugehörigen Standortarealen für die Oberflächenanlage -- Geologische Grundlagen -- Dossier IV -- Geomechanische Unterlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marschall, P.; Giger, S.

    2014-12-15

    This dossier is the fourth of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. This Dossier IV considers the documentation on geo-mechanical aspects that is available. Rock-stress conditions are looked at as are the methods and instrumentation used to establish them. The results of local analyses are presented and discussed, as are the magnitudes and long-term stability of such stress conditions. The geo-mechanical properties of Opalinus Clay as a host rock for a repository are discussed. Mountain-building models and coupled hydro-mechanical processes are also discussed.

  5. Challenges for the registration of vaccines in emerging countries: Differences in dossier requirements, application and evaluation processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellepiane, Nora; Pagliusi, Sonia

    2018-06-07

    The divergence of regulatory requirements and processes in developing and emerging countries contributes to hamper vaccines' registration, and therefore delay access to high-quality, safe and efficacious vaccines for their respective populations. This report focuses on providing insights on the heterogeneity of registration requirements in terms of numbering structure and overall content of dossiers for marketing authorisation applications for vaccines in different areas of the world. While it also illustrates the divergence of regulatory processes in general, as well as the need to avoid redundant reviews, it does not claim to provide a comprehensive view of all processes nor existing facilitating mechanisms, nor is it intended to touch upon the differences in assessments made by different regulatory authorities. This report describes the work analysed by regulatory experts from vaccine manufacturing companies during a meeting held in Geneva in May 2017, in identifying and quantifying differences in the requirements for vaccine registration in three aspects for comparison: the dossier numbering structure and contents, the application forms, and the evaluation procedures, in different countries and regions. The Module 1 of the Common Technical Document (CTD) of 10 countries were compared. Modules 2-5 of the CTDs of two regions and three countries were compared to the CTD of the US FDA. The application forms of eight countries were compared and the registration procedures of 134 importing countries were compared as well. The analysis indicates a high degree of divergence in numbering structure and content requirements. Possible interventions that would lead to significant improvements in registration efficiency include alignment in CTD numbering structure, a standardised model-application form, and better convergence of evaluation procedures. Copyright © 2018.

  6. Ascertainment of Customs and Personal Laws in Medieval Italy from the Lombard Kingdom to the Communes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Storti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The medieval systems of law in Italy and Europe have been proposed as a sort of virtual laboratory to deal with the issue of ensuring that the principle of equality in the rule of law be compatible with the recognition of indigenous peoples’ customs. The legal framework of the medieval communes sought to strike a balance between the general interest in having legal certainty and uniformity with the citizens’ interest in ruling their family life and economic assets according to their cultural and social values. Up until the 14th century, in Lombardy an individual’s legal status, family and inheritance continued to be ruled according to the customs of the individual’s natio, be they Lombard or Roman. The ascertainment of customs is an arduous task, as oral customs are fluid and vary from place to place and from family to family. For this reason, in the Middle Ages ascertainment was always entrusted to judges and legal experts (sapientes. Until a few decades ago, recognising and enforcing customs was mostly unthinkable due to legal positivism and the principle of equality. Now, however, the limits of the principle of legal equality are well known: »Legal positivism was not able to abolish status« (G. Alpa. The recognition of »legal Indigenous status« provides continuity between the past (the Middle Ages and present (Indigenous Peoples Basic Law. Just as in the past, when living according to a given natio’s laws and customs did not mean self-government, so today the enforcement of an indigenous peoples’ basic law should not undermine the sovereignty of the State.

  7. Les dossiers de pensions des troupes coloniales et indigènes. La sous-série GR 13 Yf 

    OpenAIRE

    HEISER, Sandrine; Guillot, Hélène

    2013-01-01

    En avril 2011, le Service historique de la Défense (SHD) a débuté le classement des dossiers de pensions des troupes coloniales et des troupes indigènes pour la période 1850-1950. 14 000 premiers dossiers ont été inventoriés, sur un total de 24 000, l’objectif étant d’achevé le classement pour le centenaire de la Grande Guerre. L’opération comporte également une phase importante de reconditionnement permettant une communication immédiate et idéale aux lecteurs au gré des mises à jour régulièr...

  8. Application of principal component analysis to ecodiversity assessment of postglacial landscape (on the example of Debnica Kaszubska commune, Middle Pomerania)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojciechowski, Adam

    2017-04-01

    In order to assess ecodiversity understood as a comprehensive natural landscape factor (Jedicke 2001), it is necessary to apply research methods which recognize the environment in a holistic way. Principal component analysis may be considered as one of such methods as it allows to distinguish the main factors determining landscape diversity on the one hand, and enables to discover regularities shaping the relationships between various elements of the environment under study on the other hand. The procedure adopted to assess ecodiversity with the use of principal component analysis involves: a) determining and selecting appropriate factors of the assessed environment qualities (hypsometric, geological, hydrographic, plant, and others); b) calculating the absolute value of individual qualities for the basic areas under analysis (e.g. river length, forest area, altitude differences, etc.); c) principal components analysis and obtaining factor maps (maps of selected components); d) generating a resultant, detailed map and isolating several classes of ecodiversity. An assessment of ecodiversity with the use of principal component analysis was conducted in the test area of 299,67 km2 in Debnica Kaszubska commune. The whole commune is situated in the Weichselian glaciation area of high hypsometric and morphological diversity as well as high geo- and biodiversity. The analysis was based on topographical maps of the commune area in scale 1:25000 and maps of forest habitats. Consequently, nine factors reflecting basic environment elements were calculated: maximum height (m), minimum height (m), average height (m), the length of watercourses (km), the area of water reservoirs (m2), total forest area (ha), coniferous forests habitats area (ha), deciduous forest habitats area (ha), alder habitats area (ha). The values for individual factors were analysed for 358 grid cells of 1 km2. Based on the principal components analysis, four major factors affecting commune ecodiversity

  9. Os dossiês da REF: além das fronteiras entre academia e militância REF's dossiers: crossing the border between research and politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sônia Weidner Maluf

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, apresentado originalmente no Encontro da REDEFEM em outubro de 2002, discute os Dossiês publicados desde o surgimento da Revista Estudos Feministas até o presente momento, fazendo um levantamento e uma breve descrição de cada um deles. Os Dossiês constituem uma seção da REF e se dedicam à abertura de um espaço de diálogo entre a produção acadêmica e intelectual e a militância, o ativismo e as políticas feministas. Os textos podem assumir diversos formatos além de artigos ou de ensaios acadêmicos. No final deste artigo, é feita uma breve análise do lugar dos dossiês nas fricções entre academia e militância, buscando ir além das dicotomias entre ação e reflexão ou teoria e prática.This article analyzes the Dossiers of Revista Estudos Feministas. This section is published since the appearance of the journal on 1992. We describe each one of the 24 dossiers published until now and analyze it main characteristics. The main objective of the Dossiers is to establish a dialogue between the feminist academic discussions and the feminist activism and politics. They are open to different styles of text beyond the academic paper. In the end of the article we analyze the place of the dossiers in the discussions about the tensions between academy and activism, trying to go beyond the dichotomies between action and reflection or between theory and practice.

  10. The use of reproductive healthcare at commune health stations in a changing health system in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background With health sector reform in Vietnam moving towards greater pluralism, commune health stations (CHSs) have been subject to growing competition from private health services and increasing numbers of patients bypassing CHSs for higher-level health facilities. This study describes the pattern of reproductive health (RH) and family planning (FP) service utilization among women at CHSs and other health facilities, and explores socio-demographic determinants of RH service utilization at the CHS level. Methods This study was based on a cross-sectional survey conducted in Thua Thien Hue and Vinh Long provinces, using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique. Questionnaire-based interviews with 978 ever-married women at reproductive age provided data on socio-demographic characteristics, current use of FP methods, history of RH service use, and the health facility attended for their most recent services. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify socio-demographic determinants of their use of CHS RH services. Results Eighty nine percent of ever-married women reported current use of birth control with 49% choosing intra-uterine device (IUD). Eighty nine percent of pregnant women attended facility-based antenatal care (ANC) with 62% having at least 3 check-ups during their latest pregnancy. Ninety one percent of mothers had their last delivery in a health facility. Seventy-one percent of respondents used CHS for IUD insertion, 55% for antenatal check-ups, and 77% gynecological examination. District and provincial/central hospitals dominated the provision of delivery service, used by 57% of mothers for their latest delivery. The percentage of women opting for private ANC services was reported at 35%, though the use of private delivery services was low (11%). Women who were farmers, earning a lower income, having more than 2 children, and living in a rural area were more likely than others to use ANC, delivery, and/or gynecological check-up services

  11. Dynein Heavy Chain, Encoded by Two Genes in Agaricomycetes, Is Required for Nuclear Migration in Schizophyllum commune.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie Brunsch

    Full Text Available The white-rot fungus Schizophyllum commune (Agaricomycetes was used to study the cell biology of microtubular trafficking during mating interactions, when the two partners exchange nuclei, which are transported along microtubule tracks. For this transport activity, the motor protein dynein is required. In S. commune, the dynein heavy chain is encoded in two parts by two separate genes, dhc1 and dhc2. The N-terminal protein Dhc1 supplies the dimerization domain, while Dhc2 encodes the motor machinery and the microtubule binding domain. This split motor protein is unique to Basidiomycota, where three different sequence patterns suggest independent split events during evolution. To investigate the function of the dynein heavy chain, the gene dhc1 and the motor domain in dhc2 were deleted. Both resulting mutants were viable, but revealed phenotypes in hyphal growth morphology and mating behavior as well as in sexual development. Viability of strain Δdhc2 is due to the higher expression of kinesin-2 and kinesin-14, which was proven via RNA sequencing.

  12. Short Communication: Effects of temperature on growth, pigment composition and protein content of an Antarctic Cyanobacterium Nostoc commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RANJANA TRIPATHI

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Tripathi R, Dhuldhaj UP, Singh S. 2012. Short Communication: Effects of temperature on growth, pigment composition and protein content of an Antarctic Cyanobacterium Nostoc commune. Nusantara Bioscience 4: 134-137. Effect of temperature variation on biomass accumulation, pigment composition and protein content were studied for the cyanobacterium Nostoc commune, isolated from Antarctica. Results confirmed the psychrotrophic behavior (optimum growth temperature 25◦C of the cyanobacterium. Low temperature increased the duration of lag phase and exponential growth phase. Maximum increase in biomass was recorded on 24th day at 25◦C and on 12th day at 50C. The downshift from 25 to 5◦C had almost negligible effect on chl a content. Maximal protein content was recorded for cultures growing at 50C on 12th day. The carotenoids/chl a ratio was maximum (2.48 at 50C on 9th day. It remained almost constant for cultures growing at 5 and 350C. There was an induction in protein synthesis following downshift in temperature from 25 to 5◦C.

  13. Place product in the promotion of communes – the case of the Milicz carp and the Barycz Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamil Glinka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The constant competitiveness for the interest of entrepreneurs, tourists, students makes that local government units put effort into creating their image. However, the limited capital and organizational resources make that these units initiate multilateral promotion actions. Preparing its offer they repeatedly use attractive place products. The main aim of the article is to answer the question whether, if so in what ways, the Milicz carp, treated as a place product, is used in the promotion of the Local Action Group “Partnership for the Barycz Valley” created by the eight communes of Lower Silesia and Wielkopolskie province. Especially while taking into account two elements: first, the premises of the official strategic documents adopted within ‘the Barycz Valley’, second, the conducted in practice promotion actions. The use of two methods: content analysis and comparative analysis allows to state that the Milicz carp, against the goals in the given documents, plays a significant role in the promotion of the cooperating communes. Actions in the field of public relations have the greatest importance. On the other hand, the actions concerning the promotion of the Milicz carp do not accompany all the enterprises shaping the image of ‘the Barycz Valley’.

  14. Delimitation of Areas of Environmental Conflicts on the Background of Geological Conditions, Exemplified by Stary Sącz Commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gałaś Slávka

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Delimitation and characterization of areas of conflict are essential to assess suitability of land for different activities carried out in the field of rational land use. In the paper, delimitation of the conflict areas and conflicts categorization in terms of possibility of their overcoming, the scale of the range and the period of their occurrence exemplified by urban - rural commune Stary Sącz have been presented. The software ArcGIS 10.1, the method of maps superimposing and analysis of interactions between different geoenvironmental factors have been applied to obtain the goal of the investigation. Specific geological structure together with morphological and climatic conditions in Stary Sącz commune create ideal conditions for occurrence of con-flict areas on the background of the geological conditions. Accurate and early recognition of these conflicts - existing and potential ones, is a prerequisite for the environmental risk prevention and elimination of its effects through the proper preparation of planning documents and development plans and programs.

  15. The concept of sustainable tourism development in rural areas – A case study of Zbąszyń commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisiak Marta

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tourism in rural areas has been defined as all tourist activities conducted in rural areas. The development of tourism in rural areas is dependent on external factors (e.g. landscape attractiveness, as well as internal factors (e.g. involvement of local authorities and society. Hence, it is important to increase the tourism potential for further increase of local tourism, and in turn to intensify the social-economic development according to a sustainable policy and multifunctional rural development. The main aim of the present study was to indicate possibilities to improve tourism management of the Zbąszyń urban-rural commune. For this purpose the following detailed aims were set: to evaluate local society satisfaction with tourism development in Zbąszyń commune, to evaluate the natural-landscape state of the analyzed area, to designate a new tourist trail or to revise the existing trails, and to propose modernization of existing tourism infrastructure. The obtained results revealed that in the opinion of local society there is still not sufficient tourism development despite some natural-landscape values. Hence, activities connected with tourism enrichment should be mainly connected with designation of two new cycling trails and supplementation of tourist information signs and tables. All proposed activities leading to an increase of tourism potential should bear in mind social aspects as well as natural values and would have a positive effect on economic income of the area.

  16. Short story student-writers: active roles in writing through the use of e-portfolio dossier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Cuesta

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describen los efectos causados por el uso del enfoque de género y proceso y del dossier del portafolio electrónico en el desarrollo de la habilidad para escribir historias cortas de un grupo de estudiantes de undécimo grado de un colegio público en Bogotá. Este estudio nació de la necesidad por despertar el interés de los estudiantes frente al desarrollo de sus habilidades de escritura y por encontrar estrategias instruccionales para guiarlos durante las etapas de este proceso. El análisis de datos revela una mejoría significativa en la producción escrita y evidencia la aparición de nuevos roles por parte de los estudiantes: de un estado pasivo se transformaron en creadores, constructores y evaluadores activos de su proceso de producción escrita de historias cortas. Estos roles les ayudaron a reflexionar sobre su aprendizaje y a mejorar su capacidad para tomar decisiones y desarrollar su pensamiento crítico. Los resultados también validaron el uso que tiene el portafolio electrónico como una herramienta útil en el aprendizaje y la evaluación.

  17. Dossier: Introducción ¿Hacia dónde se dirige el Sindicalismo en Argentina y Brasil?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Montes Cató

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Las transformaciones sociopolíticas que atravesó América del Sur desde la década de los 2000, a partir del vuelco de muchos de los gobiernos hacia posturas progresistas y de las muestras de agotamiento del modelo neoliberal se plantean como un desafío a las prácticas y estrategias de las organizaciones obreras en cuanto articuladoras de las demandas de los trabajadores. Estos desafíos asumen proyecciones diferentes en función de las características socioeconómicas de los países, de las tradiciónes de las organizaciones sindicales, de la relación con otros movimientos sociales y políticos y también en el modo en que se estructuran las relaciones hacia el interior del propio sujeto colectivo. Es en la intersección de estas preocupaciones que el Dossier que aquí presentamos adquiere relevancia en cuanto busca actualizar críticamente los debates al discutir los marcos interpretativos desde los cuales fueron pensados los fenómenos sindicales latinoamericanos y comprender las tendencias que vienen operando en largo y mediano plazo en la región del Cono Sur de América en especial retomando los procesos de Argentina y Brasil.

  18. 2005 dossier: granite; Dossier 2005: granite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - advantage of granitic formations for the geologic disposal; 2 - containers; 3 - design study of a disposal facility in granitic environment; 4 - understanding and modelling of granite; 5 - description of disposal concepts in granitic environment; 6 - long-term and safety aspects; 7 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  19. Europeanisering van het vertrouwensbeginsel : Betekenis van het Europese vertrouwensbeginsel voor de equivalente beginselen in Nederland, Frankrijk en België in het kader van een groeiend ius commune

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Vos, N.A.

    2011-01-01

    The central issue in this book is the Europeanization of the principle of legitimate expectations in the context of European administrative law and of the growth of a European ius commune. First, an overview is given of the European principle of legitimate expectations and the equivalent principles

  20. THE THN MUTATION OF SCHIZOPHYLLUM-COMMUNE, WHICH SUPPRESSES FORMATION OF AERIAL HYPHAE, AFFECTS EXPRESSION OF THE SC3 HYDROPHOBIN GENE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    WESSELS, JGH; DEVRIES, OMH; ASGEIRSDOTTIR, SA; SPRINGER, J

    1991-01-01

    The spontaneous and recessive mutation thn in the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune suppresses the formation of aerial hyphae in the monokaryon and, if present as a double dose, the formation of both aerial hyphae and fruit-bodies in the dikaryon. In the monokaryon, the mutation prevents

  1. The SC15 protein of Schizophyllum commune mediates formation of aerial hyphae and attachment in the absence of the SC3 hydrophobin

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lugones, L G; de Jong, J F; de Vries, O M H; Jalving, R; Dijksterhuis, J; Wösten, H A B

    Disruption of the SC3 gene in the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune affected not only formation of aerial hyphae but also attachment to hydrophobic surfaces. However, these processes were not completely abolished, indicating involvement of other molecules. We here show that the SC15 protein

  2. Du Mal-être au votre extrême

    OpenAIRE

    Gethin,, Amory; Jenmana,, Thanasak

    2017-01-01

    Note d'analyse de l'Observatoire du Bien-être du CEPREMAP; The rise of populism and the failure of traditional parties during the 2017 French presidential election calls to question the relevance of traditional determinants of voting. Given the difficult economic context associated with François Hollande’s term, to what extent has the increasing pessimism in France contributed towards anti-establishment voting?Available surveys reveal two remarkable phenomena. The extremes, particularly the e...

  3. The tourism potential of the commune Janów Podlaski and its evaluation of tourism appeal as compared to the administrative district of Biała Podlaska (Lublin voivodeship)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrzypczak, Andrzej; Chmielewska, Anna Beata

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis has been to evaluate tourism appeal of the commune of Janów Podlaski, as compared to the other communes in the administrative district of Biała Podlaska, and to analyse the recreational potential of the natural environment within the commune and it's present day infrastructure for tourism industry. For evaluation of the tourism attractiveness of the commune, based on comparative analysis, the method of synthetic measures was applied. The commune of Janów Podlaski belongs to one of the most attractive areas for tourists in the administrative district of Biała Podlaska. The attractiveness of the commune is associated with the Bug river, which flows across high-value landscapes and possess many ecological assets. Development of water tourism, however, is hindered by the fact that the Bug forms part of Poland's state border and it's water is rather polluted. Walking tourism in the commune of Janów Podlaski is encouraged owing to a well-developed and properly sing-posted networks of trails. The accommodation facilities are not evenly distributed as most of the rooms for tourists can be found in Janów Podlaski.

  4. Clay 2001 dossier: progress report on feasibility studies and research into deep geological disposal of high-level, long-lived waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-12-01

    A French Act of Parliament passed on 30 December 1991 set out the main areas of research required to prepare solutions for the long-term management of high-level, long-lived radioactive waste. The three avenues of research listed in the Act included a feasibility study of the deep geological disposal of these waste, with responsibility for steering the study given to ANDRA, France National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. Following government decisions taken in 1998, the study focused on two types of geological medium, clay and granite. The clay formations study is essentially based on results from an underground laboratory sited at the border between the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments, where the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite beds are being investigated. No site has yet been chosen for an underground laboratory for the granite study, so for the time being this will draw on generic work and on research carried out in laboratories outside France. ANDRA has decided to present an initial report on the results of its research programme, publishing a dossier on the work on clay formations in 2001 with a second dossier covering the work on granite due for release in 2002. This dossier is thus a review of the work carried out by ANDRA on the feasibility study into a radioactive waste repository in a clay formation. It represents one step in a process of studies and research work leading up to the submission of a report due in 2005 containing ANDRA conclusions on the feasibility of a repository in the clay formation. (author)

  5. The impacts of the expansion of fruit farming businesses In the Commune of Llay Llay, Aconcagua Valley, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Gonzalez Cid

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The commune of Llay Llay is characterized by the existence of a regional economy structured around fruit farming businesses. The operations of these enterprises have not had a beneficial impact on the area. Rather has been confronted by a dual predicament: temporary work and low wages. As well, the environment is threatened as the agricultural frontier extends into the foothills of the nearby mountain ranges. In addition, there is evidence of increased land concentration and control of water on the part of the agribusinesses, to the detriment of the livelihoods of small producers.  The loss of land and water is the other face of a peasant proletarization process that is ultimately functional to the agribusinesses needs for financial and human resources

  6. Odd Topics, Old Methods and the Cradle of the Ius Commune: Byzantine Law and the Italian City-States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daphne Penna

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to demonstrate how Byzantine law, a subject odd and exotic at first sight provides a piece of the puzzle that helps us to complete the big picture, the origins of our European legal identity. I refer to some concrete examples of legal interaction between the Byzantine and the Western side of Europe in the tenth, eleventh and twelfth centuries – a period in which the ius commune began to take shape – and explain the method I used step by step, the specific challenges I confronted in the sources and the outcomes of this approach. The comparative legal study of documents of the medieval period at a European level can help us to answer the question whether, long before the making of today’s Europe, today’s European countries were already connected by common legal forms.

  7. Preincubation of Penicillium commune conidia under modified atmosphere conditions: Influence on growth potential as determined by an impedimetric method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haasum, Iben; Nielsen, Per Væggemose

    1996-01-01

    The combined effect of preincubation time, relative humidity (r.h.), headspace carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) on subsequent growth potential of conidia from Penicillium commune was studied using Response Surface Modelling (RSM). Native conidia were preincubated under modified atmosphere...... conditions in sealed vials for 14, 35 and 56 d. Lag time and growth rates were determined using impedance microbiology on a Bactometer. Conidia survived and some swelling was observed during all experimental preincubation conditions. Regression analysis of the subsequent growth responses showed that relative...... humidity in the vials was the most significant factor affecting lag time of the conidia after preincubation for 14 and 35 d. Storage for 35 d extended lag times by 15 h when the level of r.h. was increased from 41% to 80%. After prolonged storage (56 d) r.h and CO2 levels elicited a significant effect...

  8. Effectiveness of an Intervention Trial Model for Child Malnutrition Control in Commune Belonging to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Do, Thi Ngoc Diep; Duong, Cong Minh

    2014-01-01

    Full text: To find an effective model for child malnutrition prevention interventions, the Nutrition Center of Ho Chi Minh City has selected An Thoi Dong commune in Can Gio district, where the child underweight prevalence is high (11.1%) for development of the project “child malnutrition control model” for three years from Sep 2008 to Oct 2011. Objective: to evaluate the project’s effectiveness on child nutrition improvement through the interventions of communication and nutrition practices. Methodology: community-based intervention trial. Providing the knowledge and practices on breast feeding, complementary feeding, prevention of vitamin A deficiency and iron deficiency anemia for all nutrition collaborators, preschool teachers and primary caregivers of children under five year old of commune. Results: child malnutrition prevalence of children under five year old in 3 forms reduced, underweight reduced by 1.9%, stunting reduced by 8.6% (21.0% vs 12.4%, p<0.001), and wasting reduced by 2.4% (5.6% vs 3.2%, p = 0.019). Proportion of children being weighed and their growth being monitored regularly increased 35.6% (p<0.001), early initiation of breastfeeding (within 60 minutes after delivery) increased 9.8% (p<0.001), children being given oil in weaning foods increased 44.1% (p<0.001), mothers giving proper solid foods increased 7.8% (p<0.001), children being breastfed more during diarrhea increased 14.4% (p<0.001), children being dewormed every 6 months increased 49.9% (p<0.001). The nutrition collaborators network has been built. Conclusions: the project has been found to have effect to improve nutritional status of children under 5 as well as nutritional knowledge and practices of mothers, nutrition collaborators and preschool teachers. The experiences from the project should be expand to other communities. (author)

  9. Extraction d'association d'EIM à partir de dossiers patients : expérimentation avec les structures de patrons et les ontologies

    OpenAIRE

    Personeni , Gabin; Devignes , Marie-Dominique; Dumontier , Michel; Smaïl-Tabbone , Malika; Coulet , Adrien

    2016-01-01

    National audience; Les Dossiers Médicaux Electroniques (DME) constituent une ressource de grand intérêt pour étudier les Evènements Indésirables Médicamenteux (EIM). Nous proposons ici de fouiller les DME pour identifier des EIM fréquemment associés dans des sous-groupes de patients. Les EIM ayant des manifestations complexes, nous utilisons l'analyse formelle de concepts et ses structures de patrons, un cadre mathématique permettant la généralisation, en exploitant les connaissances du domai...

  10. Alteration of white-rot basidiomycetes cellulase and xylanase activities in the submerged co-cultivation and optimization of enzyme production by Irpex lacteus and Schizophyllum commune.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metreveli, Eka; Kachlishvili, Eva; Singer, Steven W; Elisashvili, Vladimir

    2017-10-01

    Mono and dual cultures of four white-rot basidiomycete species were evaluated for cellulase and xylanase activity under submerged fermentation conditions. Co-cultivation of Pycnoporus coccineus or Trametes hirsuta with Schizophyllum commune displayed antagonistic interactions resulting in the decrease of endoglucanase and total cellulase activities. In contrast, increases in cellulase and xylanase activity were revealed through the compatible interactions of Irpex lacteus with S. commune. Co-cultivation conditions were optimized for maximum enzyme production by I. lacteus and S. commune, the best producers of cellulase/xylanase and β-glucosidase, respectively. An optimized medium for the target enzyme production by the mixed culture was established in a laboratory fermenter yielding 7U/mL total cellulase, 142U/mL endoglucanase, 104U/mL xylanase, and 5.2U/mL β-glucosidase. The dual culture approach resulted in an enzymatic mixture with 11% improved lignocellulose saccharification potential compared to enzymes from a monoculture of I. lacteus. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. 2005 dossier: clay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in argilite formations. Content: 1 - Evaluation of the feasibility of a geologic disposal facility for high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes: framework of ANDRA's researches; 2 - design approach for a safe and reversible facility; 3 - containers; 4 - geologic characteristics of the Meuse/Haute-Marne site; 5 - disposal facilities; 6 - reversible exploitation of the disposal facility; 7 - compromise between long-term disposal safety and environment protection; 8 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  12. 2005 dossier: granite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - advantage of granitic formations for the geologic disposal; 2 - containers; 3 - design study of a disposal facility in granitic environment; 4 - understanding and modelling of granite; 5 - description of disposal concepts in granitic environment; 6 - long-term and safety aspects; 7 - conclusion. (J.S.)

  13. Dossier nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-11-01

    The present Dutch government compiled the title document to enable the future Dutch government to declare its opinion on the nuclear energy problemacy. The most important questions which occupy the Dutch society are discussed: safe application and risks of nuclear energy, radioactive wastes and other environmental aspects, and the possible danger of misusing nuclear technology. In chapter two attention is paid to the policy, as formulated by the Dutch government, with regard to risks of nuclear power plants. Next the technical safety regulations that have to be met are dealt with. A brief overview is given of the state of the art of commercially available nuclear reactors, as well as reactors under development. The nuclear waste problem is the subject of chapter three. Attention is paid to the Dutch policy that has been formulated and is executed, the OPLA-program, in which the underground storage of radioactive wastes is studied, the research on the conversion of long-lived radioactive isotopes to short-lived radioactive isotopes, and planned research programs. In chapter four, other environmental effects of the use of nuclear power are taken into consideration, focusing on the nuclear fuel cycle. International obligations and agreements to guarantee the peaceful use of nuclear energy (non-proliferation) are mentioned and discussed in chapter four. In chapter six the necessity to carry out surveys to determine public support for the use of nuclear energy is outlined. In the appendices nuclear energy reports in the period 1986-present are listed. Also the subject of uranium supplies is discussed and a brief overview of the use of nuclear energy in several other countries is given. 2 tabs., 5 annexes, 63 refs

  14. Clay 2001 dossier: progress report on feasibility studies and research into deep geological disposal of high-level, long-lived waste; Dossier 2001 argile: sur l'avancement des etudes et recherches relatives a la faisabilite d'un stockage de dechets a haute activite et a vie longue en formation geologique profonde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-01

    A French Act of Parliament passed on 30 December 1991 set out the main areas of research required to prepare solutions for the long-term management of high-level, long-lived radioactive waste. The three avenues of research listed in the Act included a feasibility study of the deep geological disposal of these waste, with responsibility for steering the study given to ANDRA, France National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. Following government decisions taken in 1998, the study focused on two types of geological medium, clay and granite. The clay formations study is essentially based on results from an underground laboratory sited at the border between the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments, where the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite beds are being investigated. No site has yet been chosen for an underground laboratory for the granite study, so for the time being this will draw on generic work and on research carried out in laboratories outside France. ANDRA has decided to present an initial report on the results of its research programme, publishing a dossier on the work on clay formations in 2001 with a second dossier covering the work on granite due for release in 2002. This dossier is thus a review of the work carried out by ANDRA on the feasibility study into a radioactive waste repository in a clay formation. It represents one step in a process of studies and research work leading up to the submission of a report due in 2005 containing ANDRA conclusions on the feasibility of a repository in the clay formation. (author)

  15. Clay 2001 dossier: progress report on feasibility studies and research into deep geological disposal of high-level, long-lived waste; Dossier 2001 argile: sur l'avancement des etudes et recherches relatives a la faisabilite d'un stockage de dechets a haute activite et a vie longue en formation geologique profonde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-12-01

    A French Act of Parliament passed on 30 December 1991 set out the main areas of research required to prepare solutions for the long-term management of high-level, long-lived radioactive waste. The three avenues of research listed in the Act included a feasibility study of the deep geological disposal of these waste, with responsibility for steering the study given to ANDRA, France National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. Following government decisions taken in 1998, the study focused on two types of geological medium, clay and granite. The clay formations study is essentially based on results from an underground laboratory sited at the border between the Meuse and Haute-Marne departments, where the Callovo-Oxfordian argillite beds are being investigated. No site has yet been chosen for an underground laboratory for the granite study, so for the time being this will draw on generic work and on research carried out in laboratories outside France. ANDRA has decided to present an initial report on the results of its research programme, publishing a dossier on the work on clay formations in 2001 with a second dossier covering the work on granite due for release in 2002. This dossier is thus a review of the work carried out by ANDRA on the feasibility study into a radioactive waste repository in a clay formation. It represents one step in a process of studies and research work leading up to the submission of a report due in 2005 containing ANDRA conclusions on the feasibility of a repository in the clay formation. (author)

  16. The definitive diagnostic process and successful treatment for ABPM caused by Schizophyllum commune: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Haruhiko; Fujimura, Masaki; Takeuchi, Yasuo; Makimura, Koichi; Satoh, Kazuo

    2012-03-01

    Although mucoid impaction of the bronchi (MIB) is a well-known manifestation in allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM), when unknown samples or plural eumycetes are cultured from bronchial materials, several problems are encountered which can affect the definitive diagnostic process or successful treatment. The definitive diagnostic process of two patients [a 58-(Case 1) and a 70-(Case 2) year-old female] with MIB was: 1) to identify the existence of any allergic respiratory disorder, 2) to detect the fungi obtained from bronchial materials, with use of the 28S rDNA sequencing and analysis, 3) to investigate whether the detected fungus was a probable etiologic antigen, and 4) to make the final diagnosis based on the results of the inhalation examinations using the antigenic solution of the fungi. As a treatment strategy, bronchial toilet and low dose itraconazole therapy were planned according to the clinical manifestations of each patient. The two patients with MIB were successfully diagnosed as ABPM caused by Schizophyllum commune (Sc-ABPM) accompanied with hyperattenuating mucoid impaction. The reliability of some allergological makers as a substitution for the bronchoprovocation test should be clarified in near future. Clinical manifestations demonstrated in our cases suggested that the allergic reaction such as eosinophilic bronchoalveolitis spreading around the mucus plug was a primary lesion underlying the Sc-ABPM. The success of the treatment for Sc-ABPM will be achieved by the strategy targeting to fundamental condition and by the control of the disease recurrence by means of effective environmental management.

  17. Pesticide pollution in agricultural areas of Northern Vietnam: Case study in Hoang Liet and Minh Dai communes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hoai, Pham Manh; Sebesvari, Zita; Minh, Tu Binh; Viet, Pham Hung; Renaud, Fabrice G.

    2011-01-01

    Soils and agricultural products from the Red River basin in Northern Vietnam were reported to be contaminated by agrichemicals. To assess potential exposure of local farmers and consumers to these contaminants, pesticide use and management practices of local farmers were surveyed and residue concentrations were determined for recently used as well as for banned pesticides in water, soil, vegetables, and fish samples in two communes of Northern Vietnam. DDTs, HCHs, and Drin compounds still persist at relatively high concentrations in soil and occur in vegetable and fish samples. Recently used pesticides, such as fenobucarb, trichlorfon, cyfluthrin, and cypermethrin were detected in vegetable and fish samples. Thresholds for acceptable daily intake levels (ADI) were frequently reached in the analyzed food products pointing to the fact that current pesticide management practices do not only result in a pollution of the environment but also pose threats to human health. - Highlights: → Pesticide use and residue concentrations in the environment and biota was investigated. → Cypermethrin, trichlorfon, fenobucarb, cyfluthrin were frequently detected in biota. → Acceptable daily intake (ADI) levels were repeatedly exceeded in fish and vegetables. → Banned organochlorine pesticides still persist in the environment. → Better information-sharing is required to improve farmers' pesticide management. - Pollution with recently used and banned pesticides was observed in the environment and food products in Northern Vietnam and is discussed in context of human exposure.

  18. Functional Cloning and Expression of the Schizophyllum commune Glucuronoyl Esterase Gene and Characterization of the Recombinant Enzyme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Dominic W. S.; Chan, Victor J.; McCormack, Amanda A.; Hirsch, Ján; Biely, Peter

    2012-01-01

    The gene encoding Schizophyllum commune glucuronoyl esterase was identified in the scaffold 17 of the genome, containing two introns of 50 bp and 48 bp, with a transcript sequence of 1179 bp. The gene was synthesized and cloned into Pichia pastoris expression vector pGAPZα to achieve constitutive expression and secretion of the recombinant enzyme in soluble active form. The purified protein was 53 kD with glycosylation and had an acidic pI of 3.7. Activity analysis on several uronic acids and their derivatives suggests that the enzyme recognized only esters of 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid derivatives, even with a 4-nitrophenyl aglycon but did not hydrolyze the ester of D-galacturonic acid. The kinetic values were K m 0.25 mM, V max 16.3 μM·min−1, and k cat 9.27 s−1 with 4-nitrophenyl 2-O-(methyl 4-O-methyl-α-D-glucopyranosyluronate)-β-D-xylopyranoside as the substrate. PMID:22844600

  19. Control of growth promotion (CGP) and screening for malnutrition in central region and Lomé-Commune, January to June 2013 Togo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Touglo, Adavi Lonlon; Bouraima, Mouawiyatou; Agbozouhoue, A. Eya; Bebou, Midassirou; Tchapo, Dapou; Akolly, Koffi

    2014-01-01

    Full text: Background: Control of Growth Promotion (CGP) is an activity that can detect early if the child has a developmental problem and investigate the cause and take appropriate decisions to overcome the consequences. In Togo, the goal in 2013 is to weigh at least 80 % of children 0-5 years during the sessions of CGP. What are the levels achieved this goal after the first semester and the problems of malnutrition detected? Method: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study data collected in the quarterly reports in two regions of Togo, Lomé - Commune in the South and Central Region in the North. The study involved data from the first semester of 2013 in all districts of the two regions. Database monitoring activities at national level CGP was used. Data from the two regions were separated and analyzed using Excel. Comparison tests of proportions were made using Epi Info 7. Results: Detection rate of nutritional status by the CGP in the first half of 2013 was 29% of the total target of 155,423 children under 5 years in the two regions. This rate was higher for the Central region (33 %) than for Lomé-Commune (26 %). No district has reached half of the goals. Their rates vary from 17.9 % and 18 % respectively for District No. 2 and District No. 4 of Lomé-Commune to 39.7% for the District of Tchaoudjo. The malnutrition rate was 8.8 %. This rate is higher in the Central region (10.9 %) than in Lomé-Commune (6.8 %) with a RR = 1.59, 95% CI = [1.50 to 1.69]. Severe malnutrition was 1.4 %. It is predominant in Lomé-commune (1.7 %) than in the Central region (1.1%) with a RR = 1.55, 95% CI = [1.32 to 1.82]. Conclusion: All districts in the two regions are below the target detection rate in the first half. The CGP has detected cases of moderate and severe malnutrition. To compare that rates with the survey data, the screening tools must be standard and adequate. (author)

  20. Nagra technical report 14-02, Geological basics - Dossier VI - Barrier properties of proposed host rock sediments and neighbouring rock; SGT Etappe 2: Vorschlag weiter zu untersuchender geologischer Standortgebiete mit zugehörigen Standortarealen für die Oberflächenanlage -- Geologische Grundlagen -- Dossier VI -- Barriereneigenschaften der Wirt- und Rahmengesteine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gautschi, A.; Deplazes, G.; Traber, D.; Marschall, P. [National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (NAGRA), Wettingen (Switzerland); Mazurek, M.; Gimmi, T.; Maeder, U. [Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne, Berne (Switzerland)

    2014-12-15

    This dossier is the sixth of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. It discusses the barrier properties of the proposed host rock sediments and neighbouring rock layers. The mineralogical composition of the host rocks are discussed as are their pore densities and hydrological properties. Diffusion aspects are discussed. The aquifer systems in the proposed depository areas and their classification are looked at. The barrier properties of the host rocks and those of neighbouring sediments are discussed. Finally, modelling concepts and parameters for the transport of radionuclides in the rocks are discussed.

  1. Etude de la structure d'une population de truite commune (Salmo trutta L. dans une zone à barbeau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BAGLINIERE J. L.

    1981-10-01

    Full Text Available Au total 16 espèces de poissons, dont la truite commune (Salmo trutta L. ont été recensées par pêche électrique dans le cours aval de la rivière Colmont, classée rivière à salmonidés dominants, et un de ses affluents. La présence de gros cyprins d'eaux vives (barbeau, Barbus barbus L., et chevaine, Leuciscus cephalus L. et de quelques espèces de cyprins d'eaux lentes est une caractéristique de la zone à barbeau. Parmi les cyprins, les espèces les plus abondantes sont le goujon (Gobio gobio L. et le chevaine présent dans tous les types d'habitats de la rivière. La population de truites se caractérise par : — une faible densité dans la rivière et l'affluent et par une bonne croissance. Ces deux paramètres montrent des variations annuelles. — une ségrégation spatiale des classes d'âge ; les truites 0+ sont localisées principalement dans l'affluent, alors que dans la rivière les truites sont âgées d'au moins 1 an et sont présentes uniquement dans les zones rapide-radier. Les caractéristiques de cette population de truite sont discutées en considérant l'interaction possible avec les autres populations pisciaires dans un milieu dont l'habitat est dégradé.

  2. Biosorption of heavy metals using a dead macro fungus schizophyllum commune fries: evaluation of equilibrium and kinetic models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Javid, A.; Bajwa, R.; Javid, A.

    2010-01-01

    Biomass of a wood rotting fungus viz., Schizophyllum commune Fries was utilized for the treatment of electroplating wastewater that contained Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cr(VI) ions. Preliminary batch assays were conducted with synthetic pure metal-bearing solutions. Results obtained showed that among various parameters studied, solution pH between a range of 2.0-6.0 induced negligible uptake at pH < 3.5 and exhibited maximum at around 4.5-5.5 for Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions, while for Cr(VI) ion the highest was evidenced at pH 2.0-2.5. The kinetics of all metal ions was fast and biosorption equilibrium was established in 1 hour with appropriateness of pseudo-second-order. A temperature change in the range of 15 - 45 deg. C did not affect the biosorption capacity of the candidate fungus. The biosorption of metal ion increased on elevating initial metal ions concentrations (20-100 mg L/sup -1/) in the medium. The maximum biosorption capacity of fungus biomass was 9.0, 21.27, 4.83, 18.54 mg g/sup -1/ for Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) and Cr(VI), respectively. The experimental data was best adjusted by Langmuir, Freundlich and modified Langmuir models. Biosorption assays conducted with actual electroplating effluents under pre-optimized conditions revealed efficiency of 72.01, 53.16, 7.08 and 19.87% for Cu(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Cr(VI) ions, respectively by candidate biomass. (author)

  3. One-Step Partially Purified Lipases (ScLipA and ScLipB from Schizophyllum commune UTARA1 Obtained via Solid State Fermentation and Their Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yew Chee Kam

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Lipases with unique characteristics are of value in industrial applications, especially those targeting cost-effectiveness and less downstream processes. The aims of this research were to: (i optimize the fermentation parameters via solid state fermentation (SSF; and (ii study the performance in hydrolysis and esterification processes of the one-step partially purified Schizophyllum commune UTARA1 lipases. Lipase was produced by cultivating S. commune UTARA1 on sugarcane bagasse (SB with used cooking oil (UCO via SSF and its production was optimized using Design-Expert® 7.0.0. Fractions 30% (ScLipA and 70% (ScLipB which contained high lipase activity were obtained by stepwise (NH42SO4 precipitation. Crude fish oil, coconut oil and butter were used to investigate the lipase hydrolysis capabilities by a free glycerol assay. Results showed that ScLipA has affinities for long, medium and short chain triglycerides, as all the oils investigated were degraded, whereas ScLipB has affinities for long chain triglycerides as it only degrades crude fish oil. During esterification, ScLipA was able to synthesize trilaurin and triacetin. Conversely, ScLipB was specific towards the formation of 2-mono-olein and triacetin. From the results obtained, it was determined that ScLipA and ScLipB are sn-2 regioselective lipases. Hence, the one-step partial purification strategy proved to be feasible for partial purification of S. commune UTARA1 lipases that has potential use in industrial applications.

  4. Purificación y caracterización de alfa-amilasa de penicillium commune producida mediante fermentación en fase sólida

    OpenAIRE

    Espinel, Esperanza; López, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Este estudio reporta la purificación y caracterización parcial de una alfa-amilasa producida por Penicillium commune mediante fermentación en fase sólida, empleandoyuca blanca colombiana (Manihot esculenta Crantz) como soporte. La enzima fue purificada por precipitación fraccionada con sulfato de amonio, cromatografía de intercambio aniónico (DEAE-Sephadex A-50), cromatografía de filtración por gel (Sephadex G-75) y cromatografía de intercambio catiónico (CM-Sephadex C-50) obteniendo una acti...

  5. 2005 dossier. ANDRA's researches on the geological disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes. Results and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-06-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in deep geologic formations (argilites and granites). Content: 1 - Research on deep disposal of radioactive waste: general interest task: Legislative framework, ANDRA scientific objectives, Inspections and assessments; 2 - Designing a safe and reversible disposal system: Repository safety, Reversibility: an essential requirement; 3 - Clay Research on a repository in a clay formation, A long research programme, Dossier 2005 Argile; 4 - Meuse/Haute-Marne site clay: Expected properties of the rock formation, Choice of argillite, Meuse/Haute-Marne site, Conclusions from 10 years of research at the Meuse/Haute-Marne site; 5 - Repository installations: Safe and reversible architecture, Disposal of B waste, Disposal of C waste, Possible disposal of spent fuel (CU); 6 - The disposal facility in operation: From waste packages reception to their disposal in cells, Stages of the progressive closure of engineered structures; 7 - Reversible management: Freedom of choice for future generations, Various closure stages; 8 - Long-term evolution of the repository: Apprehending the repository complexity Main evolutions expected, Slow and limited release of radioactive substances; 9 - Repository safety and impact on man: Several evolution scenarios, Normal evolution, Altered evolution; 10 - Granite Research on a repository in a granite formation: A global approach, Scientific co-operations, Dossier 2005 Granite; 11 - Characteristics of French granite formations: What properties are required for a repository?, Different types of granite formations; 12 - Repository installations: Repository design adapted to granite fractures, Clay seals to prevent water flows, Waste disposal packages ensuring long-term leak-tightness, Physical and chemical environment favourable for waste packages, Architecture

  6. Présence Commune, Museum Mohammed VI for Modern and Contemporary Arts (MMVI, Rabat, Morocco, 28.03.2017 - 31.09.2017.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    zineb Bahji Bahji

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The present review focuses on the temporary exhibition Presence Commune that was held at Museum Mohammed VI for Modern and Contemporary Arts (MMVI of Rabat, Morocco, from 28 March to 31 September 2017. The review contextualizes the exhibition Presence Commune and examines the communicative strategies it used to convey its messages. It also explains how this artistic event adds to the various artistic and cultural programmes and events that the Moroccan National Foundation of Museums organizes in the course of democratizing access to culture and promoting harmony and tolerance through the universal language of art. The review also shows how the exhibition reflected the role of MMVI in initiating dialogues among artists and visitors from different ethnicities, religions, and African countries, and how it supportedMorocco’s new cultural agenda.Morocco has made cultural diplomacy a priority after the uprisings of the Arab Spring and the rise of religious and ethnic conflicts in the region of North Africa and theMiddle East.

  7. Nagra technical report 14-02, geological basics - Dossier II - Sediments and tectonic considerations; SGT Etappe 2: Vorschlag weiter zu untersuchender geologischer Standortgebiete mit zugehörigen Standortarealen für die Oberflächenanlage -- Geologische Grundlagen -- Dossier II -- Sedimentologische und tektonische Verhältnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madritsch, H.; Deplazes, G.

    2014-12-15

    This dossier is the second of a series of eight reports concerning the safety and technical aspects of locations for the disposal of radioactive wastes in Switzerland. It considers the sediments that can be used and discusses tectonic considerations. As an introduction, the geological framework is discussed with the various sediments from the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic periods. The various methods used to investigate the rock, such as drilling and reflection-seismic methods along with the investigation of surface formations are discussed. A detailed discussion of the stratigraphic and sedimentological characteristics of the various formations follows. Geological structures and the tectonics in the proposed areas are discussed, as are the depth and thickness of the structures.

  8. En diálogo con los artículos del dossier psicoanálisis y filosofía. ¿Hay un diálogo posible?/In dialogue with the articles of dossier psychoanalysis and phylosophy. Is there a possible dialogue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Fernández

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la pregunta que anima este número de la revista ¿hay un diálogo posible entre el psicoanálisis y la filosofía? el presente artículo tiene como cometido realizar un dialogo con algunos autores del Dossier, tomando como punto de referencia los trabajos en los cuales está presente cierta problematización del psicoanálisis a través de los trabajos de Foucault. The main question that brings about this new issue of the Journal is about the possible or impossible dialog between psychoanalysis and philosophy. Particularly, this article considers author contributions to this issue challenging psychoanalysis through the lens of Foucauldian theory.

  9. Impact of wastewater from the rural commune of Jmaa Moulblad on the physico-chemical quality of the waters of the Grou River (Rabat region, Morocco)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arifi, Karim; Tahri, Latifa; El Abid, Abdallah; Hefiane, Fatima Zahra; Elblidi, Souad; Yahyaoui, Ahmed; Fekhaoui, Mohammed

    2018-05-01

    The Grou River is one of the main rivers that feed the reservoir of the Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah (SMBA) dam in Morocco. However, this river is particularly threatened by the pollution problem. It is in this context that this study aims to study the effect of wastewater from the rural commune of Jmaa Moulblad on the physicochemical quality of the waters of this river. We analyzed 11 physicochemical parameters (T° of area, T° of water, pH, EC, mV, Sal, TDS, BOD, COD, SS and TOC), with a monthly frequency since the month of December 2014 until November 2015. The results obtained show a worrying situation of the state of this watercourse. To remedy this problem, we recommend pre-treatment of wastewater before discharge and the implementation of a management plan and sustainable management of the Grou River watershed.

  10. Porte de Gascogne region - Energy-climate profile. Study of the potential in renewable energy and in energy management in five communes of the Porte de Gascogne region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-03-01

    After a presentation of the studied territory, a recall of challenges related to climate change, a discussion of the role of Climate-Air-Energy Regional Schemes (SRCAE), this study reports an analysis of the territory vulnerability to climate change under different aspects (climate, biodiversity, water, agriculture, built environment, soil erosion, others). It draws the energy-climate profile of the region in terms of energy consumption and of vulnerability. These issues are then addressed per sector (housing, tertiary, agriculture, industry, transports, wastes, good consumption, tourism). Energy production is analysed (renewable energies, solar thermal, photovoltaic, wood, biomass, biogas, geothermal, combustion, bio-fuel). Scenarios are defined for energy saving, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy production, and carbon storage. An action plan is then defined. A second document reports studies of energy consumption, heritage, possibilities of development of renewable energies, and possibilities of development of positive energy building in the case of five communes (Fleurance, Gimont, Lectoure, Saint-Clar, and Samatan)

  11. Preparation of riboflavin specifically labeled in the 5'-hydroxymethyl terminus using a vitamin B2-aldehyde-forming enzyme from Schizophyllum commune

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kekelidze, T.N.; Edmondson, D.E.; McCormick, D.B.

    1995-01-01

    A method is described for synthesis of riboflavin selectively labeled in the hydrogens at the 5'-hydroxymethyl position. In this method, a vitamin B 2 -aldehyde-forming enzyme from Schizophyllum commune is used to specifically and completely oxidize the 5'-hydroxymethyl of riboflavin to the 5'-aldehyde. This reaction is monitored spectrophotometrically by the reduction of 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol at 600 nm. Appearance of aldehyde product was directly quantitated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Product is extracted from the incubation mixture by phenol after saturation with (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 and then further purified by benzyl alcohol extraction. The 5'-aldehyde is reduced with appropriately labeled sodium borohydride to yield the vitamin specifically labeled in the 5'-hydroxymethyl group. (author)

  12. Impact of wastewater from the rural commune of Jmaa Moulblad on the physico-chemical quality of the waters of the Grou River (Rabat region, Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arifi Karim

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The Grou River is one of the main rivers that feed the reservoir of the Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah (SMBA dam in Morocco. However, this river is particularly threatened by the pollution problem. It is in this context that this study aims to study the effect of wastewater from the rural commune of Jmaa Moulblad on the physicochemical quality of the waters of this river. We analyzed 11 physicochemical parameters (T° of area, T° of water, pH, EC, mV, Sal, TDS, BOD, COD, SS and TOC, with a monthly frequency since the month of December 2014 until November 2015. The results obtained show a worrying situation of the state of this watercourse. To remedy this problem, we recommend pre-treatment of wastewater before discharge and the implementation of a management plan and sustainable management of the Grou River watershed.

  13. Perception of influences on the diet of elderly people from the Lan-C sector of Hualpén commune, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Troncoso Pantoja

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To interpret the perception of influences on the diet of elderly people from the Lan-C sector of Hualpén commune, Chile, during the year 2016. Materials and methods: In order to accomplish the objective, researchers used a qualitative design with an interpretative phenomenological approach. The qualitative sampling was performed by the snowball method. The sample size was not determined a priori, but through theoretical saturation; that is, when interviews did not provide new data to the research, which happened in the fifth interview. Subjects included in the study fulfilled the screening criteria, such as being over 60 years old, not having cognitive damage that prevented a fluent conversation, not being diagnosed with any form of dementia, living in the Lan-C sector of Hualpén commune, and signing an informed consent of the research with which ethical aspects of the study were controlled. Data collection was performed through semi-structured interviews. The results were coded and analyzed through the content analysis method. Results: Interviewees mentioned that their diet was influenced by their family, emotions and economic situation. The family, especially their children, had a positive influence on their diet by selecting the food they were to consume, preparing their meals, and maintaining or improving their health through the diet. They also stated that the economic situation affected their diet and, although they had a limited income, they favored the purchase of healthy food which would allow them to keep an adequate quality of life. Regarding their emotions, they especially refer to memories of their childhood and youth, their mother and special dates which have influence on their diet. Other factors, such as advertisement or friends, were not identified as conditioning their eating behavior. Conclusion: There are some factors that affect the diet of elderly people, such as their emotions, economic situation and family.

  14. An International Peer Review of the Safety Options Dossier of the Project for Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Deep Geological Formations (Cigéo). Final Report of the IAEA International Review Team November 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-07-01

    The French Nuclear Safety Authority (Autorité de sûreté nucléaire, ASN) is preparing the evaluation of a licence application for the creation of a deep geological disposal facility in 2018, called Cigéo, for intermediate level, high level and long lived radioactive waste. This licence is preceded by the submission of a Safety Options Dossier to ASN, which provides the French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (Agence nationale pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs, Andra) the possibility to receive advice from ASN on the preparation of the licence application on the safety principles and approach. The Safety Options Dossier sets out the chosen objectives, concepts and principles for ensuring the safety of the facility. ASN requested the IAEA to organize an international peer review of the Safety Options Dossier. This publication presents the consensus view of the international group of experts convened by the IAEA to conduct the review against the relevant IAEA safety standards and proven international practice and experience. The experts acted in a personal capacity and the views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of the IAEA, the governments of the nominating Member States or the nominating organizations. The basis of this peer review is the set of documents provided by Andra, as the agency responsible for the development of the Cigéo project and for its safety. Consequently, the findings of the reviews are addressed directly to Andra. This publication, however, is primarily submitted to ASN to review the outcomes of the Andra project.

  15. Dossier: El catolicismo hispanoamericano en perspectiva atlántica. Redes, debates y actores de primera mitad del siglo XX. Hispano-American Catholicism from an Atlantic Perspective. Networks, Debates and Actors of First Half of the 20th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Lida

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente dossier procura bucear en una temática poco explorada: las redes transnacionales atlánticas que cementan y solidifican los movimientos católicos hispanoamericanos de la primera mitad del siglo XX. Cuando se habla del movimiento católico, es ineludible prestarle atención a los vínculos con la Santa Sede, naturalmente, pero suele ser escaso el cuidado que se le presta a otros vínculos transnacionales, ya sea con movimientos católicos europeos, norteamericanos, de diferentes países latinoamericanos o bien alguna combinación entre todos ellos.

  16. 2005 dossier. ANDRA's researches on the geological disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes. Results and perspectives; Dossier 2005. Les recherches de l'Andra sur le stockage geologique des dechets radioactifs a haute activite et a vie longue. Resultats et perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-06-15

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in deep geologic formations (argilites and granites). Content: 1 - Research on deep disposal of radioactive waste: general interest task: Legislative framework, ANDRA scientific objectives, Inspections and assessments; 2 - Designing a safe and reversible disposal system: Repository safety, Reversibility: an essential requirement; 3 - Clay Research on a repository in a clay formation, A long research programme, Dossier 2005 Argile; 4 - Meuse/Haute-Marne site clay: Expected properties of the rock formation, Choice of argillite, Meuse/Haute-Marne site, Conclusions from 10 years of research at the Meuse/Haute-Marne site; 5 - Repository installations: Safe and reversible architecture, Disposal of B waste, Disposal of C waste, Possible disposal of spent fuel (CU); 6 - The disposal facility in operation: From waste packages reception to their disposal in cells, Stages of the progressive closure of engineered structures; 7 - Reversible management: Freedom of choice for future generations, Various closure stages; 8 - Long-term evolution of the repository: Apprehending the repository complexity Main evolutions expected, Slow and limited release of radioactive substances; 9 - Repository safety and impact on man: Several evolution scenarios, Normal evolution, Altered evolution; 10 - Granite Research on a repository in a granite formation: A global approach, Scientific co-operations, Dossier 2005 Granite; 11 - Characteristics of French granite formations: What properties are required for a repository?, Different types of granite formations; 12 - Repository installations: Repository design adapted to granite fractures, Clay seals to prevent water flows, Waste disposal packages ensuring long-term leak-tightness, Physical and chemical environment favourable for waste packages, Architecture

  17. The impact of social franchising on the use of reproductive health and family planning services at public commune health stations in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngo, Anh D; Alden, Dana L; Pham, Van; Phan, Ha

    2010-02-28

    Service franchising is a business model that involves building a network of outlets (franchisees) that are locally owned, but act in coordinated manner with the guidance of a central headquarters (franchisor). The franchisor maintains quality standards, provides managerial training, conducts centralized purchasing and promotes a common brand. Research indicates that franchising private reproductive health and family planning (RHFP) services in developing countries improves quality and utilization. However, there is very little evidence that franchising improves RHFP services delivered through community-based public health clinics. This study evaluates behavioral outcomes associated with a new approach - the Government Social Franchise (GSF) model - developed to improve RHFP service quality and capacity in Vietnam's commune health stations (CHSs). The project involved networking and branding 36 commune health station (CHS) clinics in two central provinces of Da Nang and Khanh Hoa, Vietnam. A quasi-experimental design with 36 control CHSs assessed GSF model effects on client use as measured by: 1) clinic-reported client volume; 2) the proportion of self-reported RHFP service users at participating CHS clinics over the total sample of respondents; and 3) self-reported RHFP service use frequency. Monthly clinic records were analyzed. In addition, household surveys of 1,181 CHS users and potential users were conducted prior to launch and then 6 and 12 months after implementing the GSF network. Regression analyses controlled for baseline differences between intervention and control groups. CHS franchise membership was significantly associated with a 40% plus increase in clinic-reported client volumes for both reproductive and general health services. A 45% increase in clinic-reported family planning service clients related to GSF membership was marginally significant (p = 0.05). Self-reported frequency of RHFP service use increased by 20% from the baseline survey to the

  18. The impact of social franchising on the use of reproductive health and family planning services at public commune health stations in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Service franchising is a business model that involves building a network of outlets (franchisees) that are locally owned, but act in coordinated manner with the guidance of a central headquarters (franchisor). The franchisor maintains quality standards, provides managerial training, conducts centralized purchasing and promotes a common brand. Research indicates that franchising private reproductive health and family planning (RHFP) services in developing countries improves quality and utilization. However, there is very little evidence that franchising improves RHFP services delivered through community-based public health clinics. This study evaluates behavioral outcomes associated with a new approach - the Government Social Franchise (GSF) model - developed to improve RHFP service quality and capacity in Vietnam's commune health stations (CHSs). Methods The project involved networking and branding 36 commune health station (CHS) clinics in two central provinces of Da Nang and Khanh Hoa, Vietnam. A quasi-experimental design with 36 control CHSs assessed GSF model effects on client use as measured by: 1) clinic-reported client volume; 2) the proportion of self-reported RHFP service users at participating CHS clinics over the total sample of respondents; and 3) self-reported RHFP service use frequency. Monthly clinic records were analyzed. In addition, household surveys of 1,181 CHS users and potential users were conducted prior to launch and then 6 and 12 months after implementing the GSF network. Regression analyses controlled for baseline differences between intervention and control groups. Results CHS franchise membership was significantly associated with a 40% plus increase in clinic-reported client volumes for both reproductive and general health services. A 45% increase in clinic-reported family planning service clients related to GSF membership was marginally significant (p = 0.05). Self-reported frequency of RHFP service use increased by 20% from

  19. The impact of social franchising on the use of reproductive health and family planning services at public commune health stations in Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pham Van

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Service franchising is a business model that involves building a network of outlets (franchisees that are locally owned, but act in coordinated manner with the guidance of a central headquarters (franchisor. The franchisor maintains quality standards, provides managerial training, conducts centralized purchasing and promotes a common brand. Research indicates that franchising private reproductive health and family planning (RHFP services in developing countries improves quality and utilization. However, there is very little evidence that franchising improves RHFP services delivered through community-based public health clinics. This study evaluates behavioral outcomes associated with a new approach - the Government Social Franchise (GSF model - developed to improve RHFP service quality and capacity in Vietnam's commune health stations (CHSs. Methods The project involved networking and branding 36 commune health station (CHS clinics in two central provinces of Da Nang and Khanh Hoa, Vietnam. A quasi-experimental design with 36 control CHSs assessed GSF model effects on client use as measured by: 1 clinic-reported client volume; 2 the proportion of self-reported RHFP service users at participating CHS clinics over the total sample of respondents; and 3 self-reported RHFP service use frequency. Monthly clinic records were analyzed. In addition, household surveys of 1,181 CHS users and potential users were conducted prior to launch and then 6 and 12 months after implementing the GSF network. Regression analyses controlled for baseline differences between intervention and control groups. Results CHS franchise membership was significantly associated with a 40% plus increase in clinic-reported client volumes for both reproductive and general health services. A 45% increase in clinic-reported family planning service clients related to GSF membership was marginally significant (p = 0.05. Self-reported frequency of RHFP service use

  20. La compétition interspécifique entre la truite commune (Salmo trutta L. et la truite arc-en-ciel (Oncorhynchus Mykiss Walbaum : influence sur les modèles d'habitat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARAN P.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available L'influence de la compétition interspécifique sur l'occupation de l'habitat physique du ruisseau d'Estibère a été étudiée sur deux populations de truite arc-en-ciel (Oncorhynchus mykiss, vivant respectivement en allopatrie et en sympatrie avec une population de truite commune (Salmo trutta L.. Le taux d'occupation de la Surface Pondérée Utile (SPU calculée par la méthode des microhabitats (BOVEE, 1982 est significativement supérieur (t de Student, p < 0.05 pour la population allopatrique de truite arc-en-ciel par rapport à la population sympatrique. La surface d'abris, la pente et le taux d'occupation de la SPU par les truites communes permettent d'expliquer 77 % de la variation d'occupation de l'habitat physique par les adultes de truites arc-en-ciel. Pour les truites communes, la surface d'abris explique à elle seule, 81 % de la variation du taux d'occupation de l'habitat par les adultes. Selon l'espèce et le stade de développement considéré, la compétition interspécifique peut être un élément déterminant dans l'occupation de l'habitat physique potentiel.

  1. Dossier space travel. Nuclear fuel shuttle; Dossier ruimtevaart. Splijtstofshuttle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klomp, H.

    2011-03-11

    The space shuttle will be making its last flight this year, but a successor has not yet been arranged. All alternatives that were reviewed by the American government in the last decades have in common that they use chemical combustion as means of propulsion. A serious next step in human spaceflight requires a more sturdy propulsion system: atomic explosions. [Dutch] De spaceshuttle maakt dit jaar zijn laatste vlucht, maar een opvolger is er nog niet. Alle alternatieven die de Amerikaanse overheid de afgelopen decennia de revue heeft laten passeren, hebben gemeen dat ze als stuwmiddel gebruikmaken van chemische verbranding. Voor een serieuze stap voorwaarts in de bemande ruimtevaart is een steviger voortstuwingssysteem nodig: atoomexplosies.

  2. Dossier Shell Eco-Marathon; Dossier Shell Eco-Marathon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matla, P.

    2012-05-15

    Three articles address subjects concerning the annual race with highly energy efficient cars: the Shell Eco-Marathon. [Dutch] In 3 artikelen wordt aandacht besteed aan de ontwerpen voor de jaarlijkse race met superzuinige auto's, de Shell Eco-Marathon.

  3. Recepção do mundo epistémico da Antiguidade na historiografia Renascentista (performance humanista: as Collectaneas e os loci communes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Isabel Correia Martins

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O Renascimento revaloriza os pressupostos da Antiguidade, num processo de imitatio em que recupera códigos e actualiza matrizes estético-literárias. O Humanismo quinhentista exibiu o seu máximo fulgor nas aspirações morais, problematizações filosóficas, aliadas a um laborioso e escrupuloso trabalho filológico de tradução e análise dos clássicos. Os humanistas, apercebendo-se do potencial desta uox universalis ao serviço da performance pedagógica, imprimem uma nova concepção historiográfica, central na Ratio Studiorum e na difusão das litteris humaniores. Proliferam por toda a Europa colectâneas, um género fértil não só pelo seu carácter enciclopédico, pois organiza e compagina o legado clássico em loci communes, mas também porque giza a educação integral do indivíduo. Refinando a nossa análise, devemos ainda reconhecer que na historiografia renascentista tece-se uma (interdependência entre retórica e a dialéctica, que se consubstancia e funde na res et uerba, o programa do humanismo filológico.

  4. Strategies of conservation of the tropical natural forest of the commune «El Pital» Manabí, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Cantos Cevallos

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available They are many the efforts that are made to conserve the tropical natural forests that are in the world. The communities that inhabit these forests depend directly on the resources of the area. Their priorities are not the commercial exploitation of a product, but in occasions they cause alterations to the environment. The commune «El Pital» is located in the area of reduction of the National Park Machalilla. It presents a native forest with high degree of affectation in their structure due to the entropic local action. The objective of the work is to propose conservation strategies that allow to stop the ecological deterioration of the natural forest of the town and to improve the use of the coastal natural resources. Interviews, shops and exploratory forest inventories were carried out. It confirms that the forest exploitation, the one dismounts and the one clears of vegetation, the cultivations of short cycle and the existence and opening of communication roads, are the main variables that generate bigger tension in the use and handling of the native forest. The positive incidences turned out to be the forest repopulation, gathering of seeds, cultivation of short cycle and the ecotouristic practice in front of the economic movement and services that were the activities that presented more favorable evaluation results for the recovery of the forest and for the development of the community.

  5. The Cartographic Method of Research in Exploring the Real Estate Market - A Case of Using Maps for the Introductory Analyses of the Lublin Suburban Commune of Konopnica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieścioruk Kamil

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the introductory analysis of the real estate market of a suburban commune located near a big (voivodeship capital city. The analysis is based mainly of the cartographic method of research. Besides data mining and preparation, maps play an important role here, presenting values acquired directly from the register of notarial deeds of estate sales and purchases, as well as values resulting from statistic computation, for example mean values of area or price, absolute numbers of transactions or real estate type. The spatial factor is also taken into consideration when it comes to more complex or specific analyses. The influence of distance understood as a metric and time factor, as well as regression analysis results are also visualized on maps. Such presentation is a good step towards advanced analyses providing maps are prepared according to the rules of cartography. The paper stresses that a map can be a great tool in aiding every stage of research, but may also cause misinterpretations and false conclusions when at least basic rules are not complied with.

  6. Dossier: Begeleiding van slechthorende kinderen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. voor in 't Holt

    2008-01-01

    Wat kan een reguliere school doen om ook slechthorende kinderen onderwijs te kunnen geven, in een klimaat waarin deze kinderen zich prettig voelen en tot hun recht komen? Inclusief onderwijs betekent dat elk kind de mogelijkheid krijgt om effectief onderwijs te volgen in de eigen buurt, waarbij

  7. Dossier: Begeleiding van slechthorende kinderen

    OpenAIRE

    Holt, voor in 't, A.

    2008-01-01

    Wat kan een reguliere school doen om ook slechthorende kinderen onderwijs te kunnen geven, in een klimaat waarin deze kinderen zich prettig voelen en tot hun recht komen? Inclusief onderwijs betekent dat elk kind de mogelijkheid krijgt om effectief onderwijs te volgen in de eigen buurt, waarbij verschillen tussen kinderen worden gewaardeerd en gerespecteerd. Bij inclusief onderwijs kan elk kind zijn of haar capaciteiten volledig ontplooien. Dat zou dus ook voor slechthorende kinderen moeten g...

  8. Depleted uranium: an explosive dossier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barrillot, B.

    2001-01-01

    This book relates the history of depleted uranium, contemporaneous with the nuclear bomb history. Initially used in nuclear weapons and in experiments linked with nuclear weapons development, this material has been used also in civil industry, in particular in aeronautics. However, its properties made it interesting for military applications all along the 'cold war'. (J.S.)

  9. Little Magazines etc. - en dossier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania; Serup, Martin Glaz; Olsson, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Jesper Olsson, Martin Glaz Serup og Tania Ørum redegør her for den sektion af tidsskriftet OEI (nr. 35:440-531), som de har redigeret i fællesskab, og som handler om de små tidsskrifter (little magazines), der op gennem det 20. århundrede har haft så stor betydning for modernismen og avantgarden....

  10. Dossier LNG. Liquid market move

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matla, P.

    2012-01-01

    The worldwide market for liquid natural gas is booming like never before and the end is not in sight yet. Shell is market leader among international energy companies. But where does LNG come from? And how will the fuel be used in the coming years? What role does Shell want to play in this market? These questions are addressed in a series of three articles. [nl

  11. Memoirs of law, sciences and technologies - Law and climate thematic issue; Cahiers droit, sciences et technologies - Dossier thematique droit et climat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torre-Schaub, M. [CNRS, IDHE ENS-Cachan (France); Jouzel, J. [IPSL-LSCE, CEA-CNRS, UVSQ, CE Saclay 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Boisson de Chazournes, L. [Faculte de droit, Geneve Univ. (Switzerland); Sadeleer, N. de; Denis, B. [Saint-Louis Univ., Brussels (Belgium); Godard, O. [CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, Dep. Humanites et Sciences Sociales (France); Le Prestre, P. [Laval univ. (Canada); Maljean-Dubois, S. [CNRS, CERIC, Paul Cezanne Univ., Aix-en-Provence (France); Wemaere, M. [IDDRI, Dep. Climat et Energie (France); Rousseaux, S. [CNRS, Droit et Changement Social, Association Climaterre (France); Louchard, O. [Reseau Action Climat (France)

    2009-07-01

    This dossier is organized around two essential points: 1 - climate is a scientific question which combines science and governance. In this context, the last IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) report gives an essential place to uncertainties with claiming that 'it is more probable than improbable that we may be in an irreversible process of global warming'. Therefore, it has become necessary to think about the management of uncertainties using law and to a massive mobilization of the precaution principle. The essential economical aspects to the implementation of a significant abatement of greenhouse gases cannot be passed over in silence as well. Finally, the civil society occupies a more and more important place, not only in international negotiations, but inside the countries as well. 2 - Global warming is thinkable at a World scale only. This implies that some kind of a climate geopolitics is emerging in the World, considering the existence at the same time of different sources and different problems to deal with (technical, economical) depending on the regions of the world. From the strictly legal point of view, the scenarios presented at Bali consider the World by 2012 onward. In this context, the fight against global warming mobilizes several legal instruments, some being new and the others being not. We assist to a real law genesis. The emissions trading markets, for instance, and other financial mechanisms, belong to these new instruments. However, using old legal means to solve new problems is another way to create law. It is also important to stress on the fact that the international law is not the only possible legal mean to square the fight against global warming. The liability right for the violation of a public property, i.e. the atmosphere, remains an instrument combining experience and novelty and has proved itself in several countries. Finally, in France, the 'Grenelle de l'Environnement' policy has led to an

  12. Revue Française de Sciences Politique, n° 5-6, 2012, vol. 62, 300 p.Dossier : Retour sur les situations révolutionnaires arabes

    OpenAIRE

    Saradouni, Karim

    2017-01-01

    Ce numéro de la Revue Française de Sciences Politiques est consacré aux situations révolutionnaires dans le Monde arabe. Il se veut un retour sur les différents pays concernés par ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler « révolutions arabes ». Contrairement à la littérature prolixe en sciences sociales sur les causes et les conséquences des révolutions arabes, les contributeurs à ce dossier, interrogent, à partir des enquêtes de terrain, les situations révolutionnaires elles-mêmes et les processus qui...

  13. Lighting in your accommodation. Synthesis; L'eclairage dans votre logement. Note de synthese

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    This study has been realized on 10000 families in order to know the French attitudes concerning the lighting of their accommodation. The questions asked dealt with the nature and the use conditions of the lighting and the attitude in the framework of energy consumption. (A.L.B.)

  14. PURIFICACIÓN Y CARACTERIZACIÓN DE alfa-AMILASA DE PENICILLIUM COMMUNE PRODUCIDA MEDIANTE FERMENTACIÓN EN FASE SÓLIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esperanza Espinel

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio reporta la purificación y caracterización parcial de una alfa-amilasa producida por Penicillium commune mediante fermentación en fase sólida, empleandoyuca blanca colombiana (Manihot esculenta Crantz como soporte. La enzima fue purificada por precipitación fraccionada con sulfato de amonio, cromatografía de intercambio aniónico (DEAE-Sephadex A-50, cromatografía de filtración por gel (Sephadex G-75 y cromatografía de intercambio catiónico (CM-Sephadex C-50 obteniendo una actividad específica final de 314,82 U/mg, un grado de purificación del orden de 62 y un rendimiento de 9%. La purificación hasta la homogeneidad fue confirmada por SDS-PAGE. El peso molecular estimado fue 35 kDa. La enzima mostró máxima actividad de hidrólisis de almidón soluble con pH 6,0, y estabilidad en un intervalo de pH de 5,0-7,0. La estabilidad térmica de la enzima se presentó en el intervalo de temperatura 0-50 °C y su temperatura óptima fue 70 °C. Los iones Ca2+,Ba2+ y Ag+ aumentaron significativamente la actividad de la enzima, siendo el ión Ca2+ el que tuvo el más alto poder activador. Cu2+ no alteró significativamente la actividad de la enzima, mientras que Li+ y Fe3+ la disminuyeron ligeramente (13%, y Co2+ y Hg2+ la disminuyeron 25% y 40% respectivamente. Los valores de Km y Vmáx fueron calculados usando la linealización de Lineweaver- Burk, con el resultado Km= 0,48 mg/mL y Vmáx = 5,85 micromol glucosa/min. Entre los principales productos de hidrólisis del almidón de yuca se encuentran la maltosa y la glucosa, este resultado proporciona evidencia de que la enzima es capaz de romper los enlaces glicosídicos alfa-1,4 del almidón, comportamiento característico de una alfa-amilasa.

  15. Apport des arbres fruitiers à la sécurité alimentaire en milieu urbain tropical: cas de la commune de Limete- Kinshasa, République Démocratique du Congo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luyindula, N.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Fruit Trees Contribution to Food Security in Tropical Urban Environment: Instance of Commune of Limete in Kinshasa- Democratic Republic of Congo. Problems of hunger and malnutrition in urban environnements force the populations to exploit all the food resources available. This work investigates the contribution to the diet of the population of the edible fruits produced by the 19 species of trees found in a district of Kinshasa. An investigation carried out in 1.09% of the 18,475 household plots of the commune of Limete permitted to estimate at approximately 47,000 feet the number of trees planted there and their annual production at approximately 4.087 tons. The six main species (Mangifera indica, Persea americana, Elaeis guineensis, Carica papaya, Dacryodes edulis and Musa paradisiaca account on their own for an approximate total of 36,400 feet. The contribution of these species to the population alimentation was estimated respectively at 10.9 g, 6.1 g, 4.5 g, 4.4 g, 1.8 g and 0.6 g of fruits per person and per day. The control of certain environmental- friendly techniques and environmental education relating to the trees in urban environment should increase the importance of this contribution.

  16. Mutator activity in Schizophyllum commune

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shneyour, Y.; Koltin, Y. (Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel). Dept. of Microbiology)

    1983-01-01

    A strain with an elevated level of spontaneous mutations and an especially high rate of reversion at a specific locus (pab/sup -/) was identified. The mutator trait is recessive. UV sensitivity and the absence of a UV-specific endonucleolytic activity were associated with the enhancement of the mutation rate in mutator strains. The endonuclease associated with the regulation of the mutation rate also acted on single-stranded DNA. The molecular weight of this enzyme is about 38,000 daltons.

  17. NATO Operational Record: Collective Analytical Exploitation to Inform Operational Analysis Models and Common Operational Planning Factors (Archives operationnelles de l’OTAN: Exploitation analytique collective visant a alimenter les modeles d’analyse operationnelle et les facteurs de planification operationnelle commune)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    futures de l’OTAN est positivement influencée par l’analyse opérationnelle qui s’appuie sur les données quantitatives et qualitatives des dossiers des...operations is positively influenced by operational analysis that relies on quantitative and qualitative data of operational records from past and...and future NATO operations is positively influenced by operational analysis methods, models, and tools that rely on quantitative and qualitative data

  18. Contribution à l’étude de la phytomasse aérienne des formations à Alfa et à Armoise cas de la commune de Maâmora (Saida)

    OpenAIRE

    KADDOUR CHERIF, MOHAMED

    2014-01-01

    mohamed Résumé Dans le but de contribuer à une meilleure connaissance des zones steppiques de la wilaya de Saida, pour une plus grande prise de conscience de la complexité du développement rural et de l’état actuel de dégradation qu’a connu cette région fragile ces dernières décennies, nous avons jugé à la fois opportun et utile de réaliser cette étude. L’objectif principal est la détermination de la productivité actuelle des parcours steppiques de la commune de Maâmora. ...

  19. Contribution à l’étude de la phytomasse aérienne d’ écosystèmes steppique de la commune de Maâmora (Saida)

    OpenAIRE

    Guendouzi, Lakhdar

    2015-01-01

    Dans le but de contribuer à une meilleure connaissance des zones steppiques de la wilaya de Saida, pour une plus grande prise de conscience de la complexité du développement rural et de l’état actuel de dégradation qu’a connu cette région fragile ces dernières décennies, nous avons jugé à la fois opportun et utile de réaliser cette étude. L’objectif principal est la détermination de la productivité actuelle des parcours steppiques de la commune de Maâmora. Pour atteindre cet ob...

  20. La dimension territoriale et politique des circuits courts alimentaires : représentations et enjeux dans le débat européen sur la politique agricole commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOUEN, Marjorie

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En Europe, les circuits courts alimentaires sont devenus des maillons-clés des stratégies de valorisation territoriale. Les nombreuses initiatives déjà recensées montrent à quel point ils reflètent des choix d’organisation et de gouvernance au niveau local, régional et national. Dans le contexte du débat européen sur la politique agricole commune, cet article s’intéresse ici au rôle joué par les pouvoirs publics pour stimuler, accompagner ou encadrer ce mode de commercialisation, et s’interroge sur les présupposés politiques pouvant influencer ces actions.

  1. Compressors. These little things that improve the operation of air conditioners. Danfoss-Turbocor: magnetic bearings for a centrifugal compressor. Copeland: the group stresses on the Digital power variation; Dossier compresseurs. Ces petits plus qui ameliorent le fonctionnement des climatiseurs. Danfoss-Turbocor: des paliers magnetiques pour un compresseur centrifuge. Copeland: le groupe met l'accent sur la variation de puissance Digital

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nicolas, J.

    2005-09-01

    This dossier about compressors for air conditioners comprises three articles dealing with: the improvements made by manufacturers of air-conditioning systems to increase the coefficient of performance and the lifetime of compressors, to reduce the refrigerant leaks and to reduce the power consumption; the electromagnetic bearings, the speed variation and the double stage compression used in the Danfoss-Turbocor centrifugal compressor; and the 'Digital' mechanical power variation system used by Copeland which does not change the motor velocity nor the operation limits of the compressor. (J.S.)

  2. E-trade dossier. Back end: towards a virtual oil company? An application service provider specialized in petroleum applications. Aspentech allies with IBM. The E-trade era has started. France adapts to information technologies; Dossier E-commerce. Aval: vers une compagnie petroliere virtuelle? Un ASP specialise dans les applications petrolieres. Aspentech s'allie a IBM. L'ere de l'E-commerce a commence. La France s'adapte aux technologies de l'information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2000-08-01

    This dossier analyzes the expected impact of the electronic business on the petroleum and gas industries. It comprises 5 articles dealing with: the development of E-business in the back end of the petroleum industry for the reduction of costs and the control of the interface with clients, the knowledge data-base portal developed by GeoNet for the supply of softwares to oil and gas industries, the strategic alliance between IBM and Aspen Technology (a supplier of integrated e-business softwares), the launching of a unique global portal on the Web by Schlumberger for the commercialization of oil and gas data and assets, the French government priorities in the development of information technologies in a legal frame. (J.S.)

  3. SD118-Xanthocillin X (1, a Novel Marine Agent Extracted from Penicillium commune, Induces Autophagy through the Inhibition of the MEK/ERK Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caiguo Huang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A compound named SD118-xanthocillin X (1 (C18H12N2O2, isolated from Penicillium commune in a deep-sea sediment sample, has been shown to inhibit the growth of several cancer cell lines in vitro. In the present study, we employed a growth inhibition assay and apoptotic analysis to identify the biological effect and detailed mechanism of SD118-xanthocillin X (1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2 cells. SD118-xanthocillin X (1 demonstrated a concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on the growth of HepG2 cells and caused slight cellular apoptosis and significantly induced autophagy. Autophagy was detected as early as 12 h by the conversion of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3-I to LC3-II, following cleavage and lipid addition to LC3-I. The pharmacological autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine largely attenuates the growth inhibition and autophagic effect of SD118-xanthocillin X (1 in HepG2 cells. Our data also indicated that the autophagic effect of SD118-xanthocillin X (1 occurs via the down-regulation of the MEK/ERK signaling pathway and the up-regulated class III PI3K/Beclin 1 signaling pathway.

  4. HABITAT DE LA TRUITE COMMUNE (SALMO TRUTTA L. PENDANT LA PÉRIODE JUVÉNILE EN RUISSEAU : PRÉFÉRENCES, MOUVEMENTS, VARIATIONS JOURNALIÈRES ET SAISONNIÈRES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROUSSEL J. M.

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article synthétise les résultats de travaux récents sur l’habitat de la truite commune pendant sa période juvénile en ruisseau. Par des approches in situ (affluents du Scorff, Bretagne et en milieu expérimental, les variations temporelles d’utilisation de l’habitat ont été étudiées, ainsi que l’influence de certains facteurs abiotiques (vitesse de courant, profondeur, granulométrie, abris et biotiques (prédation, compétition intraspécifique sur les choix d’habitat de l’individu. A l’aide de la bibliographie sur le sujet, nous proposons un bilan des changements journaliers et saisonniers d’habitat du juvénile en ruisseau, depuis l’émergence jusqu’à la première reproduction. En matière de protection des milieux, l’accent est mis sur l’importance de la diversité des habitats disponibles dans les affluents où se reproduit l’espèce.

  5. Two-dimensional NMR data of a water-soluble β-(1→3, 1→6-glucan from Aureobasidium pullulans and schizophyllan from Schizophyllum commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroyuki Kono

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article contains two-dimensional (2D NMR experimental data, obtained by the Bruker BioSpin 500 MHz NMR spectrometer (Germany which can used for the determination of primary structures of schizophyllan from Schizophyllum commune (SPG and a water-soluble β-(1→3, 1→6-glucan from Aureobasidium pullulans. Data include analyzed the 2D NMR spectra of these β-glucans, which are related to the subject of an article in Carbohydrate Polymers, entitled “NMR spectroscopic structural characterization of a water-soluble β-(1→3, 1→6-glucan from A. pullulans” (Kono et al., 2017 [1]. Data can help to assign the 1H and 13C chemical shifts of the structurally complex polysaccharides. Keywords: NMR, β-(1→3, 1→6-glucan, Aureobasidium pullulans, Schizophyllan, Spectral data

  6. De la “constitucionalización” a la “convencionalización” del ordenamiento jurídico. La contribución del ius constitutionale commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo García Jaramillo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Una de las expresiones más vívidas de la transnacionalización del derecho constitucional en América Latina es el diálogo judicial y académico que se ha venido desarrollando –sobre todo entre los países que en los últimos 25 años reformaron sus constituciones con importantes elementos afines, como la incorporación del bloque de constitucionalidad–. Dicha transnacionalización se ha fortalecido, a su vez, por otra de estas expresiones, como es la jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en ejercicio del control de convencionalidad. Es pertinente la difusión y depuración del concepto de “convencionalización” del ordenamiento jurídico, que complementa y armoniza su proceso de “constitucionalización”. En virtud del mismo, no son ya únicamente las disposiciones constitucionales las que condicionan la validez y el desarrollo de los ordenamientos jurídicos nacionales, sino también las obligaciones internacionales que adquieren los países sobre la protección de los derechos consagrados en la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos y otros pactos. Este trabajo procura avanzar en la dirección de dicha evolución a partir de la utilidad del concepto de ius constitutionale commune para comprender este fenómeno y proyectar rumbos de acción hacia un constitucionalismo transformador de las desigualdades sociales y políticas que aquejan a los países de la región.

  7. Étude sur les déterminants de l'intention des infirmières de première ligne d'utliser le Dossier de santé du Québec (DSQ) dans leurs activités cliniques

    OpenAIRE

    Leblanc, Geneviève

    2011-01-01

    Les technologies de l’information et des communications sont perçues comme étant une solution potentielle aux problèmes actuels du système de santé québécois. Elles peuvent servir d’outils qui soutiennent les organisations et les pratiques professionnelles afin d’augmenter la qualité et l’efficience des soins et des services de santé. Au Québec, le Dossier de santé du Québec (DSQ) est considéré comme étant la pierre angulaire permettant l’intégration d’un ensemble d’informations utiles au sui...

  8. Modificación de conocimientos sobre fiebre tifoidea en jóvenes en la comuna Morón, Haití Changes in knowledge of typhoid fever in young people: Commune of Moron, Haiti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annia Dolores Gorte Quiñones

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La fiebre tifoidea es una enfermedad de alta incidencia en Haití. Se realizó un estudio del tipo de intervención educativa en la Comuna de Morón, Departamento de la Grand´Anse, República de Haití durante el período de enero a noviembre del 2006, con el objetivo de modificar y ampliar los conocimientos que poseen las personas de esta comunidad en relación con la fiebre tifoidea. De un universo de 523 jóvenes entre 15 y 35 años de edad se utilizó una muestra de 50 jóvenes mediante muestreo simple aleatorio, lo que representó el 9.56 por ciento del total. Para la obtención del dato primario, se aplicó un cuestionario antes y después del programa educativo, en el que se recogieron aspectos referentes al conocimiento teórico. El procesamiento estadístico utilizó el análisis de variables cualitativas, utilizando como medida de resumen la frecuencia relativa porcentual. Predominó el grupo de 20-25 años, así como el nivel secundario de escolaridad. Al finalizar el estudio la totalidad de los jóvenes reconoció la importancia de la asistencia al área de salud ante la presencia de síntomas de la enfermedad y demostraron conocimientos generales satisfactorios con respecto al tema. Se demuestra la eficacia de la intervención educativa.Typhoid fever is a high-incidence disease in Haiti. An educative intervention study was conducted in the Commune of Moron, de la Grand´Anse Department, Haiti Republic during January to November 2006 with the purpose of modifying and extending the knowledge of Typhoid Fever people of this community possessed. The universe included 523 young people (15-35 years old; 50 young people were taken as a simple random sample; which represented the 9, 56% of the total. To record the primary data, a questionnaire was applied before and after the educative program, where aspects of the theoretical knowledge were collected. The statistical process was carried out analyzing qualitative variables, using as a

  9. Note de synthèse sur la sélection de niche spatiale et la compétition chez le jeune saumon Atlantique (Salmo salar et la truite commune (Salmo trutta en milieu lotique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HEGGENES J.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available La sélection de l'habitat analysée à partir d'un ensemble de données récoltées sur des cours d'eau hétérogènes du point de vue spatio-temporel doit être interprétée en fonction du site et de l'échelle d'étude. La microniche spatiale fondamentale du juvénile de saumon Atlantique et de truite commune est caractérisée en été par une forte préférence pour une faible valeur de la vitesse de courant focale en raison d'une stratégie de gain énergétique basée essentiellement sur une prise alimentaire de la faune dérivante qui permet de maximiser les comportements de prise de position et d'attente du poisson. Cette microniche est également dépendante de la taille : chez le saumon, les plus gros parrs sont tolérants ; par contre chez la truite, une préférence accrue pour les habitats profonds est observée lorsqu'elles grossissent. La niche effective de la truite est relativement plus structurée par des valeurs élevées de la profondeur d'eau et des valeurs faibles de vitesse de courant lorsqu'elle est comparée à celle du saumon caractérisée par de faibles hauteurs d'eau et par des vitesses de courant élevées. Ces différences proviennent d'une plus grande tolérance du saumon pour les fortes vitesses de courant, combinée à un déplacement de la niche de cette espèce par suite d'une compétition avec la truite qui est plus agressive. Cette compétition interactive et interspécifique aboutit à une réduction de la niche spatiale effective chez le Saumon lorsque les paramètres vitesse de courant et profondeur d'eau sont pris en compte simultanément, et pas chez la truite.

  10. Inclusion of the Public in the Natural Capital, Ecosystem Services and Green Infrastructure Assessments (Results of Structured Interviews with Stakeholders of Commune Liptovská Teplička

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moyzeová Milena

    2018-03-01

    analyse attitudes of the involved for the evaluation of natural capital and ecosystem services at a local level by means of structured interviews. Obtained views will be applied for the assessment of ecosystem services and proposals aimed at protection and conservation of natural capital and building of green infrastructure. The research was carried out in the model territory of the rural commune Liptovská Teplička.

  11. HIGHER EDUCATION AND PARTICIPATION IN THE FRAME OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PARTICIPATIVE BUDGET IN THE COMMUNE 1 IN MEDELLIN. EDUCACIÓN SUPERIOR Y PARTICIPACIONEN EL MARCO DE LA IMPLEMENTACION DEL PRESUPUESTO PARTICIPATIVO EN LA COMUNA UNO DE MEDELLÍN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Insuasty Rodríguez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This text is the product of the developments of the project entitled: "Evaluation and Monitoring of the Social and Community Work of the Beneficiaries of the Participatory Budget Fund Aimed At Pursuing Higher Education Studies Belonging to Commune One, Medellin," in Partnership with the Secretariat of Education in the City of Medellin. It is aimed at going beyond an assessment of procedures, objectives, and outcomes, and in doing so; explore some dimensions of citizen participation in decision making and community benefits that this brings to the specific case of the Higher Education Project in the Commune One.RESUMEN:Este texto es un producto de los desarrollos del proyecto “Evaluación y seguimiento al trabajo social y comunitario de los beneficiarios del fondo de presupuesto participativo destinado a cursar estudios de educación superior “Comuna Uno, Medellín”, en asocio con la Secretaría de Educación de la ciudad de Medellín, el cual pretende ir más allá de una evaluación de procedimientos, objetivos y resultados y profundizar en algunas dimensiones de la participación ciudadana, en la toma de decisión y beneficios comunitarios que esto trae para el caso específico del proyecto de Educación superior en la comuna Uno.

  12. La carte des 36 000 communes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliette DELAMARRE

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available La carte généralisée du maillage communal français, obtenue à partir d'un sondage spatial au quart, met en évidence des modèles régionaux caractérisés par des mailles inégalement fines. Cette division du territoire, héritée de la trame paroissiale, a été mise en mémoire par la création, en 1789, de l'institution communale. Seuls les travaux de géographie historique permettront de découvrir les mécanismes de sa mise en place à dater des Xe-XIe, voire des VIe et VIIe siècles.

  13. "The commune, site community action and transformation"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Royiana Paredes Díaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Whereas Review argues that current environmental knowing, which requires rethinking actions, evaluate new contexts that affect the needs and motivations of people to participate in the change, we have to reconstruct the environment with "new knowledge environmental "to identify the main negative impacts on the environment, the human environment, economic environment and the natural environment Worked with people of Jesus Suarez Soca CPA, to prepare them for agro ecological measures that respond to diagnosis, based on the MST OP/15 Project. The Community Working Group of the Project which OP/15 stay composed of community members, seniors, youth, women, students, representatives of organizations such as ANAP, FMC, members of the peasant band, delegates and managers created CPA so that everyone could participate in change from their areas of influence, the structure was approved by the majority of a president, secretary, and members popularizer. The main objective of the group is trained in the areas of MST, and economic, social and environmental impact of it, and transmit it in a practical way in their spheres of influence. In this process it was possible to disclose the actions taken and improvements in SLM practices and go on exchanging events, competitions and other areas of the municipality, the province and internationally for farmers to be incorporating these measures MST.

  14. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Sénégal : Des données au service de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 déc. 2010 ... Mais depuis, les enquêtes menées dans la commune, l'adoption d'un système de suivi communautaire de la pauvreté et la création d'un observatoire des conditions de vie ont changé la donne, et les citoyens en bénéficient. Apportez votre clé USB si vous avez rendez-vous avec El Hadj Malick Diop, maire ...

  15. Choice and validation of a near infrared spectroscopic application for the identity control of starting materials. practical experience with the EU draft Note for Guidance on the use of near infrared spectroscopy by the pharmaceutical industry and the data to be forwarded in part II of the dossier for a marketing authorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vredenbregt, M J; Caspers, P W J; Hoogerbrugge, R; Barends, D M

    2003-11-01

    Recently the CPMP/CVMP sent out for consultation the draft Note for Guidance (dNfG) on the use of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) by the pharmaceutical industry and the data to be forwarded in part II of the dossier for a marketing authorization. We explored the practicability of this dNfG with respect to the verification of the correct identity of starting materials in a generic tablet-manufacturing site. Within the boundaries of the dNfG, a release procedure was developed for 12 substances containing structurally related compounds and substances differing only in particle size. For the method development literature data were also taken into consideration. Good results were obtained with wavelength correlation (WC), applied on raw spectra or second derivative spectra both without smoothing. The defined threshold of 0.98 for raw spectra differentiated between all molecular structures. Both methods were found to be robust over a period of 1 year. For the differentiation between the different particle sizes a subsequent second chemometric technique had to be used. Soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA) with a probability level of 0.01 proved suitable. Internal and external validation I according to the dNfG showed no incorrect rejections or false acceptances. External validation II according to the dNfG was carried out with 95 potentially interfering substances from which 46 were tested experimentally. Macrogol 400 was not distinguished from macrogol 300. For the complete verification of the identity of macrogol 300 test A of the European Pharmacopoeia is needed in addition to the NIRS application. A release procedure developed with WC applied on raw spectra and SIMCA as a second method, which is different from the preferred method of the dNfG, was tested in practice with good results. We conclude that the dNfG has good practicability and that deviations from the preferred methods of the dNfG can also give good differentiation.

  16. 2005 dossier: clay. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological processes taking place in an argilite-type geologic disposal facility for high-level and long-lived (HLLL) radioactive wastes. Content: 1 - introduction: goal, input data, time and space scales, long-time forecasting of the phenomenological evolution; 2 - the Meuse/Haute-Marne site, the HLLL wastes and the disposal concepts: impact of the repository architecture; 3 - initial state of the geologic environment prior to the building up of the repository: general framework, geologic formations, tectonics and fractures, surface environment, geologic synthesis; 4 - phenomenological processes: storage-related processes, geodynamics-related processes, time scales of processes and of radionuclides migration, independence and evolution similarities of the repository and of the geologic environment; 5 - heat loads: heat transfers between containers and geologic formations, spatial organization of the thermal load, for C-type wastes and spent fuels, for B-type wastes, synthesis of the repository thermal load; 6 - flows and liquid solution and gas transfers: hydraulic behaviour of surrounding Jurassic formations (Tithonian, Kimmeridgian, Callovian, Oxfordian); 7 - chemical phenomena: chemical evolution of ventilated facilities (alveoles, galleries, boreholes), chemical evolution of B-type waste alveoles and of gallery and borehole sealing after closure, far field chemical evolution of Callovo-Oxfordian argilites and of other surrounding formations; 8 - mechanical evolution of the disposal and of the surrounding geologic environment: creation of an initial excavated damaged zone (EDZ), mechanical evolution of ventilated galleries, alveoles and sealing before and after closure, large-scale mechanical evolution; 9 - geodynamical evolution of the Callovo-Oxfordian and other surrounding formations and of the surface environment: internal geodynamics, climatic change, topographical changes; 10 - radionuclides release and transfer: transfer inside the facility, inside the surrounding geologic formations, towards the biosphere; 11 - uncertainties about the phenomenological description; 12 - general synthesis. (J.S.)

  17. Presentación al dossier de Historia Urbana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Antonio Melo Flórez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos la sexta edición de nuestra publicación, esta vez con el tema central enfocado en la Historia Urbana, temática que, como esperábamos, tuvo gran acogida por parte de investigadores en todos los niveles de formación y de varias instituciones académicas latinoamericanas. El resultado no podía ser otro ya que cientos de investigadores de todo el mundo se dedican a esta especialidad de la historia. El tema de la Ciudad adquiere cada vez mayor importancia, si se tiene en cuenta la gran cantidad de temáticas susceptibles de ser abordadas por este enfoque disciplinar y más aún cuando los problemas de las urbes a nivel global y sobre todo a nivel latinoamericano, están tan vigentes. Este número quiere ser un aporte, un grano de arena más que se suma a la inmensa producción académica referente a la historia urbana, esperando con ello generar conocimiento que aporte en alguna medida a la solución de los fenómenos adversos que afronta los habitantes de la ciudad actual, tales como: pobreza, marginalidad, segregación, errores de planificación y dificultades de acceso a la vivienda, por nombrar sólo algunos.

  18. File: International bilateral relations; Dossier: les relations internationales bilaterales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feltin, Ch.; Rabouhams, J. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France). Sous-Direction des Relations Internationales; Moche, L. [Bureau de Controle des Chaudieres Nucleaires (BCCN), 75 - Paris (France); Bravo, X. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France). Sous-Direction des Reacteurs de Puissance; Feider, M. [Direction de la Sante du Luxembourg, 75 - Paris (France); Rousseau, M.; Le Breton, S.; Saint Raymond, Ph.; Brigaud, O. [Direction de la Surete des Installations Nucleaires (DSIN), 75 - Paris (France); Pertuis, V. [Direction regionale de l`industrie, de la recherche et de l`environnement, (DRIRE), Nord-Pas-de-Calais (France); McNair, J.; Sayers, M.R.; Bye, R. [Health and Safety Executive, Bootle (United Kingdom). Nuclear Installations Inspectorate; Scherrer, J

    1998-08-01

    Since its creation in 1973, the Authority of Safety was assigned missions in the international field with following objectives: to develop information exchanges with its foreign counterpart, to make know and to explain the French approach and practice; to give to concerned countries the useful information on french nuclear facilities situated near the border; This file shows with some examples, how bilateral relations allow to fill up these objectives and how the French Authority got the foreign experience. (N.C.)

  19. Texts A and B of the Horothesia Dossier at Istros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James H. Oliver

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available A bilingual inscription from Istros surviving in two copies is reedited, an archive of decisions of the first and second centuries A.D. concerning the city’s privileges, especially as to fishing.

  20. Dossier Nº 18 PALESTINA: HISTORIZAR EL CONFLICTO, PENSAR EL PRESENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Rovira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Historia y Memoria, como diferentes maneras de elaborar el pasado, se ponen en tensión en el largo conflicto palestino israelí. Son retomadas, indagadas, reformuladas, en pos de recuperar la voz y la dignidad de un pueblo o de legitimar y mantener el poder coercitivo de otro. Para el Estado israelí, historia y memoria se retroalimentan. La Historia del pueblo de Israel está elaborada desde la memoria personal y colectiva que se mantiene por transmisión generacional no reduciéndose solo a la Historia oral. Hay Historia pero no en sentido historiográfico. Serán las especulaciones a la luz del historicismo del siglo XIX y el nacimiento de los Estados nacionales, junto con la profesionalización de la Historia, lo que llevará a leer la Torá como una versión revelada de la “verdad de los hechos pasados”. Surge entonces el problema entre historiografía y memoria colectiva.

  1. The brazilian nuclear submarine dossier: Navy's priority and its application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosa, L.P.

    1990-01-01

    This work discusses the feasibility of the brazilian nuclear submarine. It is related to navy's remodeling and is considered as a priority. It would bring Brazil closer to developed countries. It considers the slip, itself, the weapon's system as well as the nuclear propulsion. (author)

  2. Synthesis document of the presentations; Dossier de synthese des interventions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrousos, C [Faculte de Medecine, 38 - Grenoble (France); Choudat, D [Paris-5 Univ., Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Cochin, 75 (France); Dutrillaux, B [CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Dept. de Radiobiologie et de Radiopathologie; and others

    2001-07-01

    This colloquium has been organized to answer questions from health professionals. They are more and more confronted to public information about public health and to patient anxiety. The aim of the interventions is to realize a clearly and comprehensive synthesis of events concerning the nuclear and health domain during 2000. The following three sessions deal with this subject: occupational diseases and ionizing radiation; the public information and attitude facing nuclear accidents and especially Chernobyl; medical and sanitary aspects of a nuclear accident: management and follow up of people. (A.L.B.)

  3. Beller Lecture: Dialogue Across Divides - Physicists and the Iran Dossier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuneck, Götz

    For over a decade, the nuclear activities of the Islamic Republic of Iran have been at the center of international concerns and subsequent track II talks. NGOs, think tanks and analysts played a role to help to find technical solutions in a highly political setting. The talk will give an overview about the role of physicists to understand the Iranian sensitive nuclear fuel-cycle and to prepare the ground for the JCPOA. Furthermore, the experience of the work of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs will be elaborated.

  4. Renewable Energy Report. Information dossier for the debate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bollen, A.; Van Humbeeck, P.; Lamote, A.

    2011-04-01

    The SERV is a convinced advocate of an ambitious renewable energy policy. From the viewpoint of sustainable development, such policy requires working on a substantial increase of environment-friendly energy generation, optimal deployment of economic growth opportunities and new job opportunities and an equitable distribution of costs and benefits. With this report, the SERV aims to provide valuable building blocks for the planned discussion on renewable energy policy that is to be implemented in Flanders. This report aims to feed the debate and stimulate and arouse reflection and action. [nl

  5. Editorial Dossier: Ingeniería y Agro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Cadena Gómez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La agricultura es mucho más que producir un cultivo o criar animales. Por el contrario, la agricultura debería ser definida como la industria de los alimentos, dado que incluye todo lo relacionado con la producción de los alimentos y las fibras que necesitamos para sobrevivir, así como también los productos deseados para disfrutar del bienestar que proporcionan. La agricultura se extiende desde los recursos naturales como el suelo, el agua, el aire hasta las actividades para cultivar plantas y ganados, el arte del cultivo y explotación de la tierra, y además, la industria que procesa las materias primas en productos para el consumo. Incluye también las actividades de almacenamiento, transporte, distribución y mercadeo de esos productos tanto a nivel nacional como internacional; al mismo tiempo, los temas de financiación, seguridad de los alimentos y protección del medio ambiente con el objeto de obtener productos con fines humanos o con destino a los animales domésticos [1].

  6. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (HLLL) in granite formations. Content: 1 - introduction: ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formation; 2 - the granitic environment: geologic history, French granites; 3 - HLLL wastes and disposal design concepts; 4 - identification, characterization and modeling of a granitic site: approach, geologic modeling, hydrologic and hydro-geochemical modeling, geomechanical and thermal modeling, long-term geologic evolution of a site; 5 - phenomenological evolution of a disposal: main aspects of the evolution of a repository with time, disposal infrastructures, B-type wastes disposal area, C-type wastes disposal area; spent fuels disposal area, radionuclides transfer and retention in the granitic environment; 6 - conclusions: available knowledge, methods and tools for the understanding and modeling of the phenomenological evolution of a granitic disposal site. (J.S.)

  7. Dossier OEuvre complète: el libro abierto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Hugo Velázquez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El libro Le Corbusier et Pierre Jeanneret OEuvre complète 1910-1929, suele usarse a manera de un simple muestrario de la colección de edificios y proyectos. Sin embargo se trata de un libro muy particular, que implicó para su autor un primer balance y una mirada sobre su propia historia. El artículo se propone, mediante una aproximación al proceso de selección de los documentados que componen el libro, hacer aflorar algunos aspectos del guión que se esconde entre sus páginas. Especialmente se busca entender la decisión sobre los proyectos que elige como punto de inicio de su labor profesional. En particular se estudian los casos de Atelier d’artistes (1910 y el de todas las casas construidas en su ciudad natal Chaux-des-Fonds entre 1907 y 1914. Se trata de entender qué pudo llevar a la decisiónde no publicar las casas y en su lugar, haber preferido empezar por una obra aparentemente “menor”. Ya que parte del material publicado en OEuvre complète ya había sido utilizado, originariamente, en la revista L’Esprit Nouveau, como parte del articulo “Casas en serie”, se rastrean los vínculos tanto a nivel de forma, como de contenido, entre las dos publicaciones.

  8. Socrus non socra (App. Pr. 170. The Hispanic Epigraphic Dossier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Abascal Palazón

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of socra instead of socrus is common in the Latin epigraphy of the Principate. In the whole Roman Empire, textual evidences of socra/socera surpass the testimonies of socrus. In the light of the expression socrus non socra collected in the Appendix Probi, are discussed the five testimonies of the word socra known today in the Roman inscriptions of the Iberian Peninsula. The article includes a textual correction of a Roman stela from Campo Arcís (Requena, Valencia. Hispania citerior.

  9. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: safety analysis of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the safety aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived (HLLL) radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - safety approach: context and general goal, references, design approach by safety functions, safety approach during the construction-exploitation-observation-closure phase, safety analysis during the post-closure phase; 2 - general description: HLLL wastes, granitic environment, general structure of the architecture of a disposal facility; 3 - safety functions and disposal design: general context, safety functions of the long-term disposal, design dispositions retained to answer the functions; 4 - operational safety: people's protection, radiological risks during exploitation, risk analysis in accident situation; 5 - qualitative safety analysis: methodology, main results of the analysis of the features, events and processes (FEP) database; 6 - disposal efficiency evaluation during post-closure phase: calculation models, calculation tools used for the modeling of radionuclides transport, calculation results and main lessons. (J.S.)

  10. 2005 dossier: clay. Tome: safety evaluation of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the safety aspects of an argilite-type geologic disposal facility for high-level and long-lived (HLLL) radioactive wastes. Content: 1 - safety approach: context and general goals, general safety principles, specificity of the argilite repository safety approach, general approach; 2 - general description: HLLL wastes, geologic context of the Meuse/Haute-Marne site, repository architecture; 3 - safety functions and disposal design: time and space scales, safety approach by functions, functional analysis methodology, analysis of safety functions during the construction, exploitation and observation phases, safety functions analysis during post-closure phase; 4 - operational safety: dosimetric evaluation, risk analysis (explosible gases, fire hazards, lift cage drop, container drop); 5 - long-term efficiency of the disposal facility: normal evolution scenario, from conceptual models to the safety calculation model, description of the safety model, quantitative evaluation of the normal evolution scenario, main lessons learnt from the efficiency analysis; 6 - management of uncertainties: identification, building up of altered situations, mastery of uncertainties; 7 - evaluation of altered evolution scenarios: sealing defect scenario, container defect scenario, drilling scenario, strongly degraded operation scenario; 8 - conclusions: lessons learnt, possible improvements. (J.S.)

  11. Dossier high-efficient electric water heater. Electricity by a Stirling engine; Het Dossier HRE-ketel. Stroom uit Stirlingmotor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholtens, B.

    2010-10-15

    The market seems ready for a private power plant on the wall in the attic, which also heats the house. Such an installation is the successor of the high efficiency boiler, which is in use in most of the homes in the Netherlands. After fifteen years of development Dutch companies have taken the lead in this technology. The manufacturer Remeha in Apeldoorn, Netherlands, started one month ago with the production of high efficiency electric boiler. [Dutch] De markt lijkt klaar voor een eigen stroomcentrale aan de muur op zolder die bovendien het huis verwarmt. De installatie is de opvolger van de hoogrendementsketel, die de meeste huizen in Nederland verwarmt. Na vijftien jaar ontwikkeling hebben Nederlandse bedrijven het technologische voortouw genomen. De Apeldoornse fabrikant Remeha is een maand geleden als eerste met serieproductie van de hre-ketel begonnen.

  12. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: Granite. Tome evolution phenomenologique du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (HLLL) in granite formations. Content: 1 - introduction: ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formation; 2 - the granitic environment: geologic history, French granites; 3 - HLLL wastes and disposal design concepts; 4 - identification, characterization and modeling of a granitic site: approach, geologic modeling, hydrologic and hydro-geochemical modeling, geomechanical and thermal modeling, long-term geologic evolution of a site; 5 - phenomenological evolution of a disposal: main aspects of the evolution of a repository with time, disposal infrastructures, B-type wastes disposal area, C-type wastes disposal area; spent fuels disposal area, radionuclides transfer and retention in the granitic environment; 6 - conclusions: available knowledge, methods and tools for the understanding and modeling of the phenomenological evolution of a granitic disposal site. (J.S.)

  13. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: safety analysis of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: granite. Tome analyse de surete du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the safety aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived (HLLL) radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - safety approach: context and general goal, references, design approach by safety functions, safety approach during the construction-exploitation-observation-closure phase, safety analysis during the post-closure phase; 2 - general description: HLLL wastes, granitic environment, general structure of the architecture of a disposal facility; 3 - safety functions and disposal design: general context, safety functions of the long-term disposal, design dispositions retained to answer the functions; 4 - operational safety: people's protection, radiological risks during exploitation, risk analysis in accident situation; 5 - qualitative safety analysis: methodology, main results of the analysis of the features, events and processes (FEP) database; 6 - disposal efficiency evaluation during post-closure phase: calculation models, calculation tools used for the modeling of radionuclides transport, calculation results and main lessons. (J.S.)

  14. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: phenomenological evolution of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: Granite. Tome evolution phenomenologique du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the phenomenological aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes (HLLL) in granite formations. Content: 1 - introduction: ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formation; 2 - the granitic environment: geologic history, French granites; 3 - HLLL wastes and disposal design concepts; 4 - identification, characterization and modeling of a granitic site: approach, geologic modeling, hydrologic and hydro-geochemical modeling, geomechanical and thermal modeling, long-term geologic evolution of a site; 5 - phenomenological evolution of a disposal: main aspects of the evolution of a repository with time, disposal infrastructures, B-type wastes disposal area, C-type wastes disposal area; spent fuels disposal area, radionuclides transfer and retention in the granitic environment; 6 - conclusions: available knowledge, methods and tools for the understanding and modeling of the phenomenological evolution of a granitic disposal site. (J.S.)

  15. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: safety analysis of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: granite. Tome analyse de surete du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the safety aspects of the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived (HLLL) radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - safety approach: context and general goal, references, design approach by safety functions, safety approach during the construction-exploitation-observation-closure phase, safety analysis during the post-closure phase; 2 - general description: HLLL wastes, granitic environment, general structure of the architecture of a disposal facility; 3 - safety functions and disposal design: general context, safety functions of the long-term disposal, design dispositions retained to answer the functions; 4 - operational safety: people's protection, radiological risks during exploitation, risk analysis in accident situation; 5 - qualitative safety analysis: methodology, main results of the analysis of the features, events and processes (FEP) database; 6 - disposal efficiency evaluation during post-closure phase: calculation models, calculation tools used for the modeling of radionuclides transport, calculation results and main lessons. (J.S.)

  16. Renewable energies dossier. The early beginnings of a change in the building trade. Outstanding evolutions presented at ISH 2001. A development still bounded by the economic sustain of the government. Something new under the sun. Looking for alternate solutions for air-conditioning. A photovoltaic project for developing countries. The solar absorption improves the Banyuls wine. A thermal solar collector for the production of sanitary hot water in Ile-de-France; Dossier energies renouvelables. Les premices d'un mouvement dans le batiment. Des evolutions marquantes presentees a ISH 2001. Un developpemnt encore lie au soutien economique de l'etat. Du nouveau sous le soleil. A la recherche de solutions alternatives pour la climatisation. Un projet photovoltaique pour les pays en voie de developpement. L'absorption solaire bonifie le banyuls. Un capteur solaire thermique pour l'ECS en Ile-de-France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sappa, F.; Grumel, N.; Haentjens, H.

    2001-07-01

    The fight against greenhouse gas emissions implies to favor the development and use of renewable energies and to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels. The professionals of the building trade are of course concerned by such actions but unfortunately only few space heating/cooling or air-conditioning installations use renewable energies. In France, only one solar absorption air-conditioning installation exists (at Banyuls, Pyrenees Orientales) and the Bordeaux airport is one of the only buildings supplied with a tri-generation unit. This dossier makes a prospective analysis of the existing techniques that would be used in tomorrow's air-conditioning. It comprises 8 articles dealing with: the early beginnings of the use of renewable energies in the building trade and the inventory of existing techniques: solar thermal, cogeneration, tri-generation (electricity, heat and coldness), fuel cells (electrochemical reaction); the outstanding products presented at Frankfurt during the 2001 edition of the ISH exhibition (absorption heat pumps, heat pump with zeolite and water as refrigerant, solar heaters, hybrid systems, condensation boilers, fuel cells..); the bad competitiveness of renewable energies and the necessary financial sustain of the government; the start-up of the 'sun plan' program by the French agency of environment and energy mastery (Ademe) for the development of solar thermal energy in the residential sector; the 'know-how technical notes' edited by the scientific and technical committee of environment industries (Costic) for the development of low energy consumption air-conditioning processes (dry cooling, evaporation cooling, recovery of heat losses etc..); the project of development of photovoltaic cooling systems for developing countries (evaporative cooling or buried pipes); the unique French solar wine ageing cellar of Banyuls (3500 m{sup 2}, 15000 m{sup 3}, 3 levels); the thermal solar collector of the Quality Hotel of Rosny

  17. Champagne-Ardenne Climate-Air-Energy Plan + Synthesis + Wind energy regional plan + Report and conclusion of the consultation and dialogue organised from January 20 to March 20, 2012. Territorial Climate-Energy Plan Coeur d'Ardenne urban community, Sedan region community of communes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guillot, Michel; Bachy, Jean-Paul

    2012-05-01

    proposes a synthesis of opinions and contributions related to the various aspects of the PCAER and of the SRE. The last document presents the territorial climate-energy Plan for two communities (an urban community and a community of communes) with a synthetic presentation of diagnosis elements, a report of dialogue and communication actions, a definition of scenarios, and a discussion of governance issues

  18. El discurso hegemónico sobre las acciones colectivas de resistencia civil: Casos comunas 8, 9 y 13 de Medellín The Hegemonic Discourse about Collective Actions of Civil Resistance: Cases Communes 8, 9 and 13 of Medellín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Luz Alzate Zuluaga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se discute la manera cómo en la prensa escrita son informadas las distintas expresiones de resistencia civil, a partir del rastreo de la información registrada en la prensa escrita local y nacional acerca de los casos de las Comunas 8, 9 y 13 de la ciudad de Medellín durante los años 2002-2006. Se busca conocer así, de qué modo han sido descritas e interpretadas dichas prácticas, cuáles son las ausencias y los aspectos subrayados con lo emitido, qué relaciones de poder se legitiman, entre otras cuestiones. Llegando a afirmar la existencia de un discurso difundido y legitimado en los medios masivos de comunicación, acorde con el orden social y político hegemónico y dominante en Colombia. Este discurso consiste en la invisibilidad de los mensajes políticos de denuncia y oposición frente a los actores armados y sus dinámicas de guerra, y también consiste en la minimización del desafío de las prácticas colectivas producidas cotidianamente en defensa de los derechos vulnerados de los habitantes de los barrios populares y en busca del reconocimiento y justicia frente a la exclusión social y política.This article discusses the way that Press reports about the different expressions of civil resistance from tracking information registered on the local and national press about the cases of Communes 8, 9 and 13 of the city of Medellín during the years 2002-2006. The intention is to know how such practices have been described and interpreted, which are the absences and emphasized aspects with the emitted information, what power relations are legitimized, among other questions. There is an affirmation of the existence of a legitimate and spread discourse on the media consistent with the social and political hegemonic order in Colombia. This discourse consist in the invisibility of the political message of denunciation and opposition to the armed actors and their war dynamics, and also consists in the minimization of

  19. Trois monothéismes, une cause commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny Colonna

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’apport d’Albert Piette à l’anthropologie de la religion, à travers son livre La Religion de près constitue un miracle, au sens où l’on ne voit pas bien ce qui l’a rendu possible en 1999 plutôt qu’aujourd’hui, ou il y a vingt, cinquante ou soixante-quinze ans. Pour tout dire, étant donnés les blocages théoriques et politiques, au sens fort, qui ont rendues impossibles jusqu’ici toute sociologie ou anthropologie de la pratique ordinaire du catholicisme en France (et pratiquement ailleurs, on...

  20. [Commune prison camp's health care and Versailles military hospital share].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delahaye, R P

    1995-01-01

    Between June 1871 and December 1872, about five thousand prisoners were kept in Versailles among some places of detention. This high death rate was indebted for worst hygienic states (individual or collective) and food wretched quality during first weeks. Military Health Service, under Hippolyte Larrey's management with Adolphe Thiers and staff assent involved living conditions owing to tubs and toilets not forgiving accurate clothes and well-balanced food. In every prison was fitted and infirmary managed by a military physician. Sick people were sent into hospital. Versailles city's archives show that, during 1871, 154 insurgent people died in the military hospital while the number dropped to 55 during 1872.

  1. La sécurité alimentaire, une cause commune

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Inde ont conçu un moulin à grains facile à utiliser et d'un coût abordable qui diminue la charge de travail des femmes tout en triplant la valeur de différentes variétés de petit mil, une céréale robuste fort nutritive qui se vend à un prix plus élevé ...

  2. TAILLE À 3 ANS DE LA TRUITE COMMUNE (SALMO TRUTTA L. DANS LES RIVIÈRES DES PYRÉNÉES FRANÇAISES : RELATIONS AVEC LES CARACTÉRISTIQUES MÉSOLOGIQUES ET INFLUENCE DES AMÉNAGEMENTS HYDROÉLECTRIQUES. TOTAL LENGTH OF AGE-3 BROWN TROUT (SALMO TRUTTA L. IN FRENCH PYRENEAN STREAMS : RELATIONSHIPS WITH ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND INFLUENCE OF HYDROELECTRIC FACILITIES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAGARRIGUE T.

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available La croissance de populations de truite commune (Salmo trutta L. a été étudiée sur 84 cours d'eau répartis sur l'ensemble de la chaîne des Pyrénées. Pour cela, des échantillons d'écailles ont été récoltés dans 215 sites situés à des altitudes comprises entre 185 et 2000 m, pour des largeurs variant de 1,2 à 60 m. La croissance des individus a été déterminée par scalimétrie. La longueur totale moyenne atteinte par les individus à l'âge de 3 ans a été retenue comme variable biologique. La taille moyenne à 3 ans des individus est fortement structurée par l'altitude, ce gradient altitudinal représentant en grande partie un gradient thermique. Elle est corrélée négativement avec l'altitude et la densité totale en truites communes et positivement avec la largeur du cours d'eau et la conductivité estivale. La nature du débit joue également un rôle important sur la croissance puisqu'à altitude et à température moyenne estivale équivalentes, la taille moyenne à 3 ans est significativement plus faible en site soumis à un débit réservé qu'en site à débit naturel. Selon la nature du débit, deux modèles prédictifs de la taille moyenne à 3 ans (T3 en fonction de l'altitude (ALT et de la largeur du cours d'eau (L ont été établis par régression multiple pas à pas : - sites à débit naturel : Log (T3 = 2.457 - 0.007 x sgrt ALT + 0.066 x Log (L 65.5 % (p The growth of brown trout (Salmo trutta L. populations has been studied on 84 streams distributed over the whole range of the Pyrenees. Samples of scales were collected in 215 sites located at altitudes ranging between 185 and 2000 m, for width varying from 1,2 to 60 m. The growth of individuals was determined by scale reading. The mean total length of age-3 trout was selected as the biological variable. The mean total length of age-3 trout was strongly structured by altitude, this altitudinal gradient mainly representing a thermal gradient. It is

  3. The Dossier Green Office. The most sustainable industrial building in the Netherlands; Het Dossier Groen Kantoor. Het duurzaamste bedrijfsgebouw van Nederland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verdonk, A.

    2011-03-25

    About forty houses competed for the title of Most sustainable Industrial building Netherlands 2011, an initiative of a Dutch radio program ('Vroege Vogels') and the magazine De Ingenieur (The Engineer). The jury selected the renovated over one hundred years old water tower with newly built pavilion in Bussum as the winner. Besides the winner attention was also paid to innovative concepts applied in other buildings, including the office of Rijkswaterstaat Terneuzen, the Vomar Voordeelmarkt in Heerhugowaard, The Christiaan Huygens College, Eindhoven, the new Administration Centre of the Rabobank in Utrecht, and the office of the district water board Rivierenland Tiel. [Dutch] Zo'n veertig panden streden om de titel Duurzaamste Bedrijfsgebouw van Nederland 2011, een initiatief van het VARA-programma Vroege Vogels en De Ingenieur. De jury wees de gerenoveerde, ruim honderd jaar oude watertoren met nieuw aangebouwd paviljoen in Bussum aan als winnaar. Naast de winnaar wordt ook aandacht besteed aan de toegepaste innovatieve concepten in enkele andere gebouwen. Onder meer het kantoor van de Rijkswaterstaat in Terneuzen, de Vomar Voordeelmarkt in Heerhugowaard, Het Christiaan Huygens College in Eindhoven, het nieuwe Bestuurscentrum van de Rabobank in Utrecht, en het kantoor van Waterschap Rivierenland in Tiel.

  4. Dossier of the observatory workshops of April 10, 2002; Dossier des ateliers de l'Observatoire du 10 avril 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-04-01

    The workshops organized by the French observatory of indoor air quality on April 10, 2002 aimed at making a status of the lessons learnt from the pilot study carried out during 2001 by the observatory on 90 residential buildings and 9 schools. This document summarizes the preliminary results obtained during this study and presents the 2002-2003 operational campaign of investigation which will be carried out on 800 sites (accommodations and schools). The pilot study has permitted to perform a first adjustment of the measurement means and has demonstrated the feasibility of the future large-scale campaign. (J.S.)

  5. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: architecture and management of the geologic disposal; Dossier 2005: granite. Tome architecture et gestion du stockage geologique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - Approach of the study: main steps since the December 30, 1991 law, ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formations; 2 - high-level and long-lived (HLLL) wastes: production scenarios, waste categories, inventory model; 3 - disposal facility design in granitic environment: definition of the geologic disposal functions, the granitic material, general facility design options; 4 - general architecture of a disposal facility in granitic environment: surface facilities, underground facilities, disposal process, operational safety; 5 - B-type wastes disposal area: primary containers of B-type wastes, safety options, concrete containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the B-type wastes disposal area, disposal process and feasibility aspects, functions of disposal components with time; 6 - C-type wastes disposal area: C-type wastes primary containers, safety options, super-containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the C-type wastes disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 7 - spent fuels disposal area: spent fuel assemblies, safety options, spent fuel containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the spent fuel disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 8 - conclusions: suitability of the architecture with various types of French granites, strong design, reversibility taken into consideration. (J.S.)

  6. Fiche Pratique: Histoire de modes . . . toujours; Premiers contacts; Jongler avec les lettres; Un conte a votre facon (Practical Ideas: On the Subject of Verbal Moods . . . Again; First Contacts; Juggling letters; A Story Your Own Way).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Francois; And Others

    1993-01-01

    The four language classroom activities described include work with verbal moods (subjunctive, conditional) by eliciting student suggestions for ways to help third-world countries; ways to practice social meeting/greeting/introduction situations; development of phonetic understanding and vocabulary through letter and sound changes; use of…

  7. Hydro electric scheme on the Forestay river. Communes of Chexbres and Rivaz. Feasibility study; Turbinage du Forestay. Communes de Chexbres et Rivaz. Etude d'avant-projet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-06-15

    This illustrated final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is a feasibility study of the retrofitting of the small hydro electric scheme located in Rivaz, Switzerland on the shore of the lake of Geneva. Water of the Forestay river, which crosses a steep wine region, is used in a 89 kW Pelton turbine with a water head of 63 m and a maximum flow rate of 180 litre/s, producing about 350,000 kWh/year for now more than 50 years. After retrofitting the maximum electric power produced should be 707 kW, generating 2,500,000 kWh/y by using a water head of 184 m and a maximum flow rate of 500 litre/s. Part of the new equipment would be mounted underground in order to respect the aesthetics of the beautiful site. Electricity production cost is estimated to be 0.109 CHF/kWh.

  8. Motivational study for an hybrid demonstrator; Dossier de motivation pour un demonstrateur hybride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boidron, M.; Fiorini, G.L.; Thomas, J.B. [CEA Cadarache, 13 - Saint Paul lez Durance (France). Direction des Reacteurs Nucleaires; Flocard, H. [Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules (CNRS/IN2P3), 75 - Paris (France)

    2001-02-15

    This document recalls first the role of hybrid accelerator driven systems (ADS) in the domain of transmutation of long-lived fission products and minor actinides. It presents the specific contribution of these systems in the management of radioactive wastes and their technical feasibility and safety aspects. Then, follows a motivational analysis for the construction of a demonstration facility with its specifications and R and D needs: feasibility, schedule, links with other ADS-related programs, cost, international cooperation, recommendations. (J.S.)

  9. The Contingency of Social Change in Agriculture and Food in Latin America: Introduction to Dossier

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paredes Chauca, Myriam; Sherwood, S.G.; Arce, A.M.G.

    2016-01-01

    En esta edición especial de Íconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, consideramos a la ciencia social del desarrollo en la agricultura y alimentación como un campo de colusión, choque y competencia entre entidades dedicadas a la generación de narrativas de la realidad. Actualmente la narrativa

  10. Elaboración de dossieres de prevención de riesgos

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Castrillejo, Ruben Carlos

    2012-01-01

    Descripción de elaboración de documentos referentes a la prevención de riesgos Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Tecnología del Medio Ambiente Máster en Gestión de la Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, Calidad y Medio Ambiente

  11. Editorial L&E, v.9, n.2, 2015 - Dossier Rios e Cidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rede Conpadre

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O Dossiê “Rios e Cidades” resulta dos trabalhos apresentados em maio de 2014 na quarta versão do Seminário ItineranteFranco-Brasileiro Rios e Cidades na História do Brasil: rio São Franciscoorganizado e ilustrado a partir do rio São Francisco e das cidades-beira Remanso, Pilão Arcado, Juazeiro, Petrolina e Paulo Afonso. Sua forma itinerante se inspira na tradição excursionista trazida ao Brasil pelos geógrafos franceses nos anos 1930 para coletar dados sobre os gêneros de vida, as paisagens, a fauna, a flora etc.. Cremos que ao elegermos questões representadas pelo espaço dos rios e das cidades em nossas itinerâncias expressamos a importância crescente que esta abordagem vem assumindo nos meios acadêmicos que tratam dessas análises sob a ótica da história social e ambiental. A realização desta versão do itinerante, no interior dos estados da Bahia e Pernambuco, região nordeste do Brasil, nos ajudou a repensar e potencializar a produção do conhecimento. Naquele momento experiências das pesquisas foram compartilhadas com colegas de outras instituições no/do Brasil e no/do exterior (França, Portugal e Estados Unidos ajudando a construir a qualidade e excelência na formação acadêmica humanizada. Nossa proposta foi fazer deste evento um ponto de convergência entre pesquisadores brasileiros e estrangeiros, pois cremos nas trocas que adquirem sentido na conjuntura intelectual e em pesquisas que possibilitem reflexões conjuntas e ocasião para o debate face ao tema operacionalmente circunscrito. A missão do IV Seminário itinerante Franco-brasileiro Rios e Cidades na História do Brasil: rio São Francisco foi refletir sobre a multiplicidade das formas de surgimento das cidades e do urbano nas regiões de fronteira do Brasil. Os rios e cidades são, de fato, objetos de reflexão a revelar saberes específicos, políticos, literários, poéticos, ecológicos, ambientais e históricos como também, objetos de produção de imagens a interligarem sentidos ao urbano. Refletir sobre um curso fluvial é sempre uma excelente circunstância. Entre outros motivos está a inter-relação da água que flui o espaço vivido. Os rios escrevem grandes histórias com seu transcorrer pela terra. É a coerência da paisagem a qual se ordena, se vincula e se converte em vivacidade. São caminhos que andam. São estradas líquidas fluídas. São meios para germinar a vida. São também obstáculos. São pontes do entendimento. O espaço geográfico percebido e vivido torna-se um espaço social, se integra à comunidade e passa a fazer parte de uma experiência. O conceito mediador que podemos escolher para dialogar com a natureza é aquele criado pelo indivíduo em seu processo histórico, possuindo desta forma a sua inserção sócio-cultural no tempo e no espaço. Trata-se, portanto, de se ler a história humana na paisagem. Em termos bem simples, “trata do papel e do lugar da natureza na vida humana”, como disse Donald Woster (1991 ao falar da História Ambiental. Em nossas itinerâncias apresentamos resultados de estudos sobre rios e cidades observando a paisagem e as relações humanas com a natureza e, principalmente as relações dadas pela água no intuito de dar a conhecer a história social e ambiental dessas longas “beiras”. Já a paisagem é mesmo uma leitura indissociável da pessoa que contempla o espaço considerado. É maneira de ler e de analisar o espaço, de representá-lo, de esquematizá-lo para oferecê-lo à apreciação estética, de carregá-lo de significações e emoções como bem disse Alain Corbin. A poética também surge da/na contemplação da paisagem quando simpatizamos com o espetáculo das águas. De acordo com Bachelard (2002, p.22 “certas formas nascidas das águas têm mais atrativos, mais insistência, mais consistência...”. Lembrando que tanto a Geografia quanto a História são também poéticas do mundo e para que esta força poética não entenebreça sensualmente, a poética do rio aqui se abrirá compondo este Dossiê. Nossa trama neste dossiê por um lado acompanhará as águas frescas e limpas, violentas e barrentas dos rios. Por outro versará sobre cidades, pois a convergência de caminhos líquidos têm se enlevado como primeiro fator do desenvolvimento urbano. Contudo cada autor fará das correntes sua livre queda d’água apresentando suas ideias e reflexões. A Labor & Engenho apresenta neste número — o L&E, v.9, n.2, 2015 — um total de 8 (oito artigos, sendo 7 (sete selecionados para compor o “Dossiê Rios e Cidades”, antecedidos por 1 (um que compõe o “Dossiê Eletromemória: Paisagem e História”, finalizando-o. Trata-se do trabalho de Giorgia Limnios; Edson Alves Filho e Sueli Angelo Furlan intitulado “Poluição e geração de energia: implicações ambientais em Pequenas Centrais Hidrelétricas do estado de São Paulo”, em que os autores discorrem sobre a atual situação de escassez hídrica no território paulista, o risco iminente de desabastecimento das principais áreas urbanas, a problemática da preservação dos recursos hídricos, e também questões relacionadas à segurança energética, abrindo para as reflexões sobre a necessária integração entre as cidades e seus rios. Hervé Théry em “Retour dans la vallée du Rio São Francisco”, um retorno feito por ocasião do seminário itinerante, percebeu um paradoxo do vale do rio São Francisco que para ele não mudou muito, portanto traz aqui uma reflexão em que a história de sua ocupação ainda reflete, em parte, sua situação atual, ou seja, o rio São Francisco é o sertão. Zanoni Neves em “Vapor “Benjamim Guimarães: Patrimônio dos ribeirinhos do São Francisco” demonstra como o Vapor Benjamim, que desde 1985, por sua importância histórica, integra a lista de bens tombados como patrimônio do estado de Minas Gerais participou do “mercado de bens inalienáveis”. Alan Kardec Gomes Pachêco Filho reflete sobre o rio Grajaú, sua navegação e importância para a circulação de pessoas e mercadorias no Maranhão a partir de fragmentos de memória dos vareiros.  Lembra que esses trabalhadores do rio, além de empurrarem embarcações com varas, cheias de mercadorias, ora a favor ora contra a correnteza do rio, compartilharam experiências em dois ambientes muito distintos: o litoral e o sertão. Leandro Mendes Rocha e Maria de Fátima Oliveira procuram compreender as transformações que vêm se processando na região de Imperatriz [MA] e Porto Nacional [TO], que faz parte da bacia do rio Tocantins analisando o contexto histórico no qual ela está inserida. Leila Mourão Miranda em “Cidades, Águas e Ilhas no Estuário Amazônico” busca recuperar memórias e histórias dos processos de interação entre sociedades, águas e insularidades das cidades estuarinas amazônicas, com foco especial na Região Metropolitana de Belém [PA]. Marcelo Silva de Souza Ribeiro em “Infâncias do Semiárido lançando olhares” traz discussões, a partir de um panorama cultural, sócio-histórico e ambiental do lugar/tempo chamado, hoje, de Semiárido nordestino brasileiro. Jadson Luís Rebelo Porto e Ivo Marcos Theis em “Circuitos da Economia na fronteira amapaense: um híbrido de subsistemas para a sua reorganização espacial” discutem a formatação do circuito econômico da fronteira Amapá — Guiana Francesa a partir das recentes ações econômicas ali estabelecidas, proporcionando novos usos da fronteira e do seu território. Questões eminentemente transdisciplinares compõem um quadro complexo envolvendo múltiplas escalas de diferentes áreas do conhecimento, proporcionando uma inteligente e necessária integração do conhecimento em áreas afins como Engenharia, Geografia e Urbanismo por uma imprescindível História Ambiental. Esperamos tenham todos uma excelente leitura.   Gercinair Silvério Gandara & Laurent Vidal Universidade Estadual de Goiás / Université de La Rochelle

  12. Editorial del Dossier: Movilidad sostenible: una construcción multidisciplinaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Acevedo

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available La movilidad urbana, los beneficios e impactos de la infraestructura de transporte, así como las relaciones con el territorio y la economía son temas en permanente evolución. Constituyen una rica fuente de investigación, de innovación, de revisión de teorías y de necesaria actualización. El tema de la movilidad se estudia desde diferentes disciplinas y perspectivas. Los aspectos económicos, la ingeniería y la tecnología, los aspectos sociales y políticos, la gestión del territorio y de los sistemas de transporte son componentes necesarios en el estudio de la movilidad. Sin embargo, la dificultad de desarrollar una visión multidisciplinaria es considerable.

  13. The radioactive wastes management; Le dossier: les dechets nucleaires et leur gestion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rigny, P. [Actualite Chimique, 75 - Paris (France); Bonin, B. [CEA Saclay, Dir. de l' Energie Nucleaire, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France); Gras, J.M. [Electricite de France (EDF-RD), Recherche et Developpement, 78 - Chatou (France)

    2010-11-15

    The different types of radioactive waste are presented in this paper in the frame of the official categories which take into account their dangerousness and the lifetimes of their radioactivity. It is indicated how the less dangerous of them are handled in France. The ways of protecting the environment from the more dangerous ones (high activity and long lifetimes) are object of studies. Scientific questions, in the field of chemistry and physical chemistry, related to the implementation of deep underground repository facilities with full respect of nuclear safety are presented. (authors)

  14. Editorial dossier “plea bargain and bargaining criminal justice: new and multiples points of view”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraia da Rosa Mendes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tal como poucos o tema da barganha e da justiça criminal negocial tem sido um dos principais pontos de acaloradas discussões dentro da pauta de assuntos do processo penal no mundo e, de algum tempo, também no Brasil. Neste sentido, o dossiê  "Colaboração Premiada e Justiça Criminal Negocial" tem como objetivo propiciar um espaço amplo e aberto às analises e estudos daqueles que se debruçam sobre os principais aspectos do instituto da colaboração/delação premiada em suas diversas interfaces, como, por exemplo: ao sistema de justiça criminal negocial no direito comparado; à ação penal pública e oportunidade; à celebração do acordo e a decretação de medidas cautelares; ao controle dos acordos durante a investigação preliminar; aos limites constitucionais de atuação do Ministério Público investigador, acusador e negociador; ao sistema acusatório e o papel do Poder Judiciário nos acordos; e aos direitos do colaborador e a atuação da mídia.

  15. Multimedia Integration for Language e-Learning: Content, Context and the e-Dossier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Villalon, Pedro Pablo; Ortega, Manuel; Sanchez-Villalon, Asuncion

    2010-01-01

    In the education world, it is widely accepted that language learning is one of the pioneering disciplines in the application and use of the information and communication technologies, initially preceded by the widespread use of audiovisual resources which, finally integrated in the digital space, bring about the use of multimedia. Additionally,…

  16. Document on the climate evolutions; Dossier climat ce qui va changer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deque, M. [Meteo France 75 - Paris (France); Baruch, J.O.; Theodule, M.L.; Kingler, C.; Thivent, V.; Postel-Vinay, O. [La Recherche, 75 - Paris (France); Leblois, E. [Cemagref, 69 - Lyon (France); Gascard, J.C. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), 75 - Paris (France); Quadfasel, D. [Hambourg Univ., Institut d' Oceanographie (Germany)

    2006-07-15

    What will be the climate in 2050? From specialists, 2050 is the date of the first signs of the climatic change consequences. In France the daily life will not be very modified, but some activities which depend on the hydrology, will have to adapt. The vegetation modifications, will be little in some areas. Elsewhere, they would be radical: no more arctic ice field in summer, some island flooded by the sea. The authors show also the human activities which will be favored by the climatic change. (A.L.B.)

  17. Document education to the energy; Dossier documentaire education a l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-01-01

    This document proposes a recording of more than one hundred educational tools essential for the realization of a project on the energy education: books, reviews, videotapes, CD-Rom, educational cases. (A.L.B.)

  18. 2005 dossier: clay. Tome: architecture and management of the geologic disposal facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the design of a geologic disposal facility for high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in argilite formations. Content: 1 - approach of the study: goal, main steps of the design study, iterative approach, content; 2 - general description: high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes, purposes of a reversible disposal, geologic context of the Meuse/Haute-Marne site - the Callovo-Oxfordian formation, design principles of the disposal facility architecture, role of the different disposal components; 3 - high-level and long-lived wastes: production scenarios, description of primary containers, inventory model, hypotheses about receipt fluxes of primary containers; 4- disposal containers: B-type waste containers, C-type waste containers, spent fuel disposal containers; 5 - disposal modules: B-type waste disposal modules, C-type waste disposal modules, spent-fuel disposal modules; 6 - overall underground architecture: main safety questions, overall design, dimensioning factors, construction logic and overall exploitation of the facility, dimensioning of galleries, underground architecture adaptation to different scenarios; 7 - boreholes and galleries: general needs, design principles retained, boreholes description, galleries description, building up of boreholes and galleries, durability of facilities, backfilling and sealing up of boreholes and galleries; 8 - surface facilities: general organization, nuclear area, industrial and administrative area, tailings area; 9 - nuclear exploitation means of the facility: receipt of primary containers and preparation of disposal containers, transfer of disposal containers from the surface to the disposal alveoles, setting up of containers inside alveoles; 10 - reversible management of the disposal: step by step disposal process, mastery of disposal behaviour and action capacity, observation and monitoring, containers withdrawal capacity; 11 - operational safety: dosimetric evaluation during facilities operation, risk analysis (emission of explosible gases, fire hazard, lift cage drop consequences, container drop consequences); 12 - synthesis: technical options, reversibility logic, architecture safety. (J.S.)

  19. Press document. Photovoltaic energy: boosting the evolution; Dossier de presse. Photovoltaique: accelerer l'innovation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-04-15

    The french potential in the photovoltaic energy is considerable but not very exploited. In this context the CEA, by its function of applied research institute in the domain of the low carbon energies can be a major actor of the sector development. This document presents the research programs in the photovoltaic domain, developed at the CEA, especially on the silicon performance, the photovoltaic solar cells and their integration in the buildings. (A.L.B.)

  20. Dossier: energy in the center of debates. Electric power: Eurostat shades light to the situation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tourneur, J.C.

    2003-01-01

    Eurostat, the European Communities office of statistics, has analyzed the 1999-2000 competition indicators in the electric power market of the European member states. In the year 2000, the biggest company of each state was producing between 23 and 97% of the electric power. (J.S.)

  1. 2005 dossier: granite. Tome: architecture and management of the geologic disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This document makes a status of the researches carried out by the French national agency of radioactive wastes (ANDRA) about the geologic disposal of high-level and long-lived radioactive wastes in granite formations. Content: 1 - Approach of the study: main steps since the December 30, 1991 law, ANDRA's research program on disposal in granitic formations; 2 - high-level and long-lived (HLLL) wastes: production scenarios, waste categories, inventory model; 3 - disposal facility design in granitic environment: definition of the geologic disposal functions, the granitic material, general facility design options; 4 - general architecture of a disposal facility in granitic environment: surface facilities, underground facilities, disposal process, operational safety; 5 - B-type wastes disposal area: primary containers of B-type wastes, safety options, concrete containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the B-type wastes disposal area, disposal process and feasibility aspects, functions of disposal components with time; 6 - C-type wastes disposal area: C-type wastes primary containers, safety options, super-containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the C-type wastes disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 7 - spent fuels disposal area: spent fuel assemblies, safety options, spent fuel containers, disposal alveoles, architecture of the spent fuel disposal area, disposal process in a reversibility logics, functions of disposal components with time; 8 - conclusions: suitability of the architecture with various types of French granites, strong design, reversibility taken into consideration. (J.S.)

  2. Installation of the ITER committee industry. Participants guide; Installation du Comite industrie ITER. Dossier des participants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    ITER is an international project to design and build an experimental fusion reactor based on the tokamak concept. This guide presents the ITER project and objectives and the associated organizations in France, the recommendations and actions for ITER, the industrial mobilization, the industrial committee and its members, technological sheets for the enterprises and the statistical document of the SESSI. (A.L.B.)

  3. A dossier about the Lunigiana domus of the Bianchi of Moregnano (12th-13th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Nobili

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Nelle fonti toscane dei secoli XII-XIII secolo, il termine domus significa "gruppo parentale definito da una ascendenza comune", ma può indicare anche il complesso dei beni patrimoniali di quel gruppo parentale, o ancora l'insieme degli agenti (servi ministeriali e masnade e dei coloni di quel gruppo parentale. Quest'ultimo significato, più largo e comprensivo, prevale nella documentazione dei secoli XII-XIII relativa alla domus dei Bianchi da Moregnano in Lunigiana, vassalli prima degli Estensi e poi dei Malaspina.

  4. Document education to the energy; Dossier documentaire education a l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-01-01

    This document proposes a recording of more than one hundred educational tools essential for the realization of a project on the energy education: books, reviews, videotapes, CD-Rom, educational cases. (A.L.B.)

  5. Introduction au dossier « L’Asie centrale »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Cariou

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Avec les bouleversements géopolitiques qui affectent le continent asiatique depuis deux décennies l’Asie centrale n’est plus tout à fait cet espace géographique incertain écarté de la communauté internationale, voire même oublié des atlas dont les cartes étaient généralement centrées sur les territoires voisins plus lisibles et médiatiques du Moyen-Orient, de l’Inde, de la Chine ou de la Russie. Constituée par les cinq ex-républiques socialistes soviétiques du Kazakhstan, du Kirghizstan, de l...

  6. PrEP-dossier : Pre-Expositie Profylaxe voor hiv-negatieven in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Urbanus AT; Blom C; Zantkuijl P; David S; P&B; I&V

    2017-01-01

    In October 2016, the Minister for Health, Welfare and Sport requested advice from the Health Council of the Netherlands on the use of medication to prevent HIV infection (pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP) in people with an increased risk of HIV. The National Institute for Public Health and the

  7. Dossier « Le champ des commons en question : perspectives croisées »

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Douglas Clyde

    2012-01-01

    The European Union has declared its intention to move in the direction of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Their experience with the management of multi-species, mixed fisheries (MSMF) is one area where insight can be gained about what this may mean in practice. The present paper dr...... technical regulation, to assign individual property rights or even to effectively divide the resources into distinct units. Hence, common property institutions will become more, rather than less, relevant as management approaches in developed country fisheries evolve.......The European Union has declared its intention to move in the direction of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Their experience with the management of multi-species, mixed fisheries (MSMF) is one area where insight can be gained about what this may mean in practice. The present paper...... draws on extensive discussions with stakeholders and the observation of a number of fisheries management related meetings to outline the main challenges that MSMF management has presented. It concludes that an ecosystem approach will lead to more situations where it will be difficult to carry out direct...

  8. Drones, flying all-rounders? (ITA dossier no. 6en, January 2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Institut für Technikfolgen-Abschätzung (ITA) (Hrsg.)

    2014-01-01

    -> Drones are unmanned flying objects, which are operated remotely within visual contact (class 1) or without visual contact (class 2).-> The field of application is very diverse and ranges from individual, commercial up to military use.-> Drones have been operating in Austria for several years, especially for sporting events and disaster drills.-> Since 1.1.2014, civilian use of drones in Austria has been generally regulated by law. Detailed regulations are yet to be drafted.-> The possible ...

  9. Decentralising transactions with the Blockchain (ITA dossier no. 30en, November 2017)

    OpenAIRE

    Institut für Technikfolgen-Abschätzung (ITA) (Hrsg.)

    2017-01-01

    -> Blockchain is a decentrally organised database that archives and manages an evergrowing list of transactions.-> All information on transactions is permanently stored in a database that parallely exists at all nodes of a peer-to-peer network.-> Blockchain provides autonomy for individuals away from ‘middlemen’ such as public authorities and banks.-> However, this decentralisation rapidly reduces current forms of regulatory control.-> Possible negative social and economic consequences become...

  10. Content-oriented presentation and personalized interface of cultural heritage in digital dossiers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Y.; Eliëns, A.; Riel, van C.; Guerrero-Bote, V.P.

    2006-01-01

    Digitization of cultural heritage becomes an important requisite for remote co-operation, education and tourism between art institutes, museums and the general public since the 90’s. Based on the demand to access the scattered collections from the Netherlands Institute for Cultural Heritage and

  11. Poverty, inequality and violence in urban India: Towards more ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Extrants. Dossiers. Women's safety and transport [Assamese version]. Dossiers. Towards an inclusive and safe Delhi : policy brief. Dossiers. Bombay Hotel : gender insecurity and violence against women. Dossiers. Bombay Hotel : crime, violence and unsafe spaces in informal commercial subdivisions ...

  12. Sante et resultats scolaires des ecoliers de la Commune III de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Class first pupils had their breakfast (97.6%) and were living in a" bi-parenteral regime" (84.26%). The fathers (7.5%) and the mothers (none) of class last pupils had a higher education level. Conclusion. The health state of the pupils is susceptible to affect their school performance. A medical follow-up aiming at detecting ...

  13. On the asymmetry of mating in natural populations of the mushroom fungus Schizophyllum commune

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuis, B.P.S.; Nieuwhof, S.; Aanen, D.K.

    2013-01-01

    Before a mycelium of a mushroom-forming basidiomycete develops mushrooms, the monokaryotic mycelium needs to become fertilized. Although the mechanistic details of mating in mushrooms have been studied thoroughly in laboratory research, very little is known on mating patterns in nature. In this

  14. Établissement d'une plateforme commune de recherche sur le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    épidémie se caractérise par la complexité des sous-types de VIH, est une cible capitale pour la recherche visant à évaluer le vaccin contre le VIH. Cette subvention appuiera l'établissement d'un partenariat réunissant l'Institute of Human ...

  15. Evaluation of intercanine and intermolar widths in students with mixed dentition, Contulmo Commune, Chile.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Harnisch

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The early orthodontic treatment success is based on knowledge the development of the dentition, so measuring their dimensions at different stages of development is considered as a predictor for treatment and rehabilitation of the population. Objective: To explore and evaluate the quantitative characteristics of intercanine and intermolar widths by sex in the population of children of 6-8 years of the Escuela Artistica San Luis de Contulmo. Methodology: quantitative study, non-experimental, cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational. The study population corresponded to 48 students from 6 to 8 years selected by probabilistic sampling, unintentional and opportunistic, to which took study models, measuring and comparing intercanine and intermolar widths. Results: The resulting averages of measurements were: maxillary intercanine 33.2+2.6mm in men and 32.2+2.3mm in women, mandibular intercanine distances respectively 27.1+2.3mm and 26 6+1.9mm, the distance intermolar maxillary 51.9+3.1 and 51.2+3.0mm and the distance mandibular intermolar 46+2.6 and 44.8+3.0mm. Conclusion: In relation to the difference between intercanine and intermolar widths by sex are not significant, in terms of age significant differences between 6 and 8 males but not in females. This study represents an interesting starting point for the analysis and discussion of future research.

  16. Gestion de la ressource en eau et conflits d'usage dans la commune ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'approche méthodologique utilisée repose sur la recherche documentaire et les enquêtes de terrain pour lesquelles la population cible comprend les ménages, les autorités communales, les comités de gestion des ressources en eau, les agriculteurs, les éleveurs et les pêcheurs. Au total 270 ménages ont été enquêtés.

  17. Le cromlech Meatse 8 (commune d'Itxassou, Labourd (Compte rendu de fouilles 1992-93.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Blot

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available El cromlech Meatse 8 cuyo diámetro es de 4,30 m.,presenta una corona de losas amontadas, separadas a intervalos regulares, por otras, verticales, en posición radial. La cista central, formada por losas hincatadas verticalmente, está rodeada de un conjunto de pequeñas losas con un fin de estética más que de sostenimiento. Tanto el cuido llevodo en la arquitectura, como la ausencia de mobiliario, o de huesos calcinados, hacen de este cromlech, por otra parte el más antiguo conocido en el País Vasco, (fechado al 14C;2960 +50, un monumento simbólico por excelencia.

  18. La gestion des rapatriés de Libye dans la commune de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    25 juin 2015 ... Mots clés : Tchintabaraden, risque sécuritaire, migration de retour .... Comité international de la croix rouge (CICR), le Programme alimentaire ..... poursuivent malgré la fermeture des maisons d'accueil des migrants à .... Bredeloup, S., Pliez Olivier, 2005, « Migrations entre les deux rives du Sahara »,.

  19. Effect of health expenses on household capabilities and resource allocation in a rural commune in Vietnam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Thuy Nguyen

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Significant health expenses can force households to reduce consumption of items required for daily living and long-term well-being, depriving them of the capability to lead economically stable and healthy lives. Previous studies of out-of-pocket (OOP and other health expenses have typically characterized them as "catastrophic" in terms of a threshold level or percentage of household income. We aim to re-conceptualize the impact of health expenses on household "flourishing" in terms of "basic capabilities." METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a 2008 survey covering 697 households, on consumption patterns and health treatments for the previous 12 months. We compare consumption patterns between households with and without inpatient treatment, and between households with different levels of outpatient treatment, for the entire study sample as well as among different income quartiles. We find that compared to households without inpatient treatment and with lower levels of outpatient treatment, households with inpatient treatment and higher levels of outpatient treatment reduced investments in basic capabilities, as evidenced by decreased consumption of food, education and production means. The lowest income quartile showed the most significant decrease. No quartile with inpatient or high-level outpatient treatment was immune to reductions. CONCLUSIONS: The effects of health expenses on consumption patterns might well create or exacerbate poverty and poor health, particularly for low income households. We define health expenditures as catastrophic by their reductions of basic capabilities. Health policy should reform the OOP system that causes this economic and social burden.

  20. 294 Analyse de la variabilité germinative de la vesce commune ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    marwen

    ... la santé publique [1,2] ; notons l'exemple des régions irriguées par les eaux usées au ... La salinité des sols ainsi que de l'eau de l'irrigation dans ces terrains pose un ... L'application des traitements a été faite dès la mise des graines en ...

  1. Virulence of Fusarium oxysporum and F. commune to Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings

    Science.gov (United States)

    J. E. Stewart; Z. Abdo; R. K. Dumroese; N. B. Klopfenstein; M. -S. Kim

    2012-01-01

    Fusarium species can cause damping-off and root rot of young conifer seedlings, resulting in severe crop and economic losses in forest nurseries. Disease control within tree nurseries is difficult because of the inability to characterize and quantify Fusarium spp. populations with regard to disease potential because of high variability in isolate virulence. Fusarium...

  2. Fusarium oxysporum protects Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings from root disease caused by Fusarium commune

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. Kasten Dumroese; Mee-Sook Kim; Robert L. James

    2012-01-01

    Fusarium root disease can be a serious problem in forest and conservation nurseries in the western United States. Fusarium inoculum is commonly found in most container and bareroot nurseries on healthy and diseased seedlings, in nursery soils, and on conifer seeds. Fusarium spp. within the F. oxysporum species complex have been recognized as pathogens for more than a...

  3. Molecular characterization of Fusarium oxysporum and fusarium commune isolates from a conifer nursery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jane E. Stewart; Mee-Sook Kim; Robert L. James; R. Kasten Dumroese; Ned B. Klopfenstein

    2006-01-01

    Fusarium species can cause severe root disease and damping-off in conifer nurseries. Fusarium inoculum is commonly found in most container and bareroot nurseries on healthy and diseased seedlings, in nursery soils, and on conifer seeds. Isolates of Fusarium spp. can differ in virulence; however, virulence and...

  4. Angolan reality from the social vulnerability: experiences in rural communes de Belas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Francisco-Cardoso

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Rural education and vulnerable groups associated with disadvantages which are schools of secondary education in Angolan communities, constitute the main elements addressed in this article within a social context characterized by the government's willingness to mitigate impacts of underdevelopment in rural areas. The Angolan government promotes programs to address the problems of social reintegration and advocates rebuilding the social, economic and administrative fabric, where education emerges as one of its most relevant policies.

  5. "Inkumbulo" as Remembering, Communing, and Praxis: Retelling the Stories of Transformation and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dlamini, S. Nombuso

    2006-01-01

    In this paper the author looks at what it means to tell, live with, and learn from stories of painful losses resulting from traumatic histories, the most recent history being apartheid. The author's examination centers on the concept of "inkumbulo," a Zulu word that embraces several concepts crucial in studies of historical memory and…

  6. Logistic Problem Connected with Removing Asbestos as Dangerous Waste from Terrains of Country Communes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkitny, Waldemar; Wojcik, Weronika; Generowicz, Agnieszka

    2017-12-01

    Asbestos is a common term referring to certain mineral groups having the form of fibers with a length to fibre diameter of at least 100: 1. The specific properties of asbestos - flammability, mechanical strength and thermal and flexibility - meant that asbestos has been widely used in various types of industrial technologies. It is classified as hazardous waste and therefore requires special methods for collection, export and disposal. The article proposes a model of logistics exports of asbestos from selected villages, in order to guarantee the shortest route, while maintaining the ecological safety and the rules of transportation of hazardous waste.

  7. La preuve par le nombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Verdier

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available S’il en était besoin, la question des usages et de la finalité des résultats de l’inventaire général pourrait être abordée par le nombre : nombre d’œuvres répertoriées, de communes inventoriées, de clichés photographiques réalisés, de dossiers, de consultations des notices dans les bases de données… Les additions aujourd’hui sont éloquentes, mais elles laissent dans l’ombre le rôle de l’inventaire qui, en mettant en œuvre une démarche systématique de connaissance, participe à l’ identificatio...

  8. Dossier: energy in the center of debates. Greenhouse effect: the employers' system is ready; Dossier: l'energie au coeur des debats. Effet de serre: le dispositif patronal est en place

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tourneur, J.C.

    2003-02-01

    Announced some few weeks before the Johannesburg summit on sustainable development, the mechanisms implemented by the Medef (organization of French companies), the Afep-Agref (French association of private companies - association of the big French companies), and the EPE (companies for the environment) for the action against greenhouse effect valorize the self-control and the citizenship qualities of companies: voluntaristic commitment of companies with quantified emission goals and independent control of the real greenhouse gases emissions. (J.S.)

  9. Poèmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Théo Crassas

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Paris Volez jusqu’aux limites océaniques de votre organisme vivant, épanouissez-vous en quatre lignes de ciel, devenez jet naturel aux sonorités de mille jours, cherchez votre mouvement dans les travaux de votre poitrine et dans le dessin d’or de votre surface, faites jouer le jardin des cloches et des balançoires, mirez-vous au-delà de toute image secondaire, dans votre essence de Babyloniens, chassez celui qui a maudit vos édifices, frottez-vous sans mépris à la poussière des oiseaux en sur...

  10. Pressure vessels dossier restoration according to NR-13 requirements; Enquadramento de vasos de pressao a norma NR-13

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Jose L. [PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Goncalves, Osorio C. [PETROBRAS Transporte S.A. (TRANSPETRO), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2005-07-01

    Pressure vessels are static pressurized equipment typical in oil industry facilities. In TRANSPETRO terminals and stations as well as in the whole PETROBRAS, these equipment can be found in the form of condenser accumulators, separators, heat exchangers, storage spheres and others. Because they work sustaining pressure and, many times flammable fluids, pressure vessels have a reasonable potential for hazard. For this reason, the NR-13 regulation was created. It deals with the safety in maintenance, operation and inspection of pressure vessels and boilers. During the compliance to the NR- 13 rules, a problem usually found is the lack of documents for different reasons. In this case, the NR-13 obligates the owner to recreate the vessel documentation under the responsibility of a chartered professional. This paper presents a case study where NR-13 rules were conformed by tasks involving documentation reconstruction based on information collected by means of inspection and tests performed on the field. (author)

  11. Introduction to Dossier: Lessons from Latin America on the rational choice, cognitive and institutional approaches to policy change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fontaine, Guillaume

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A review of the pertinent academic literature identifies three analytical focuses in studies of policy change. Rational choice- with its theories of incrementalism, multiple currents and punctuated equilibrium- privilege the decision-making process and the rational nature of the individual actor. The cognitivists- with their framework of promoter coalitions, the theory of social/ global references and critical theory- emphasize the presentation of policy problems and the legitimating discourse behind the decision-making process. The neo-institutionalist- with their theories of the logic of the adequate, path dependence and the three-order process of policy change- emphasize the importance of formal and informal institutions in the development of public policies.

  12. Recherche d'une détente dans le dossier du piratage des médias ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site. Abonnez-vous à notre bulletin pour recevoir les nouvelles du CRDI chaque mois. Abonnez-vous · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence · Utilisation du site Web. Suivez-nous; Facebook · Twitter ...

  13. Editorial L&E, v.9, n.1, 2015. Dossier Eletromemória: Paisagem e História

    OpenAIRE

    Rede Conpadre

    2015-01-01

    Os treze textos que se apresentam nesta edição de Labor & Engenho constituem um panorama parcial do diálogo travado entre pesquisadores do Projeto Eletromemória, inclusive com parceiros que são internacionais (Portugal e Argentina), mas não estranhos à problemática brasileira, pois as empresas elétricas que atuaram no mundo latino-ibérico têm mais relações de aproximação do que costumeiramente se explicita. Este número de Labor & Engenho abre com o texto “Da usina à população na velocidad...

  14. Editorial L&E, v.9, n.1, 2015. Dossier Eletromemória: Paisagem e História

    OpenAIRE

    Conpadre, Rede

    2015-01-01

    Os treze textos que se apresentam nesta edição de Labor & Engenho constituem um panorama parcial do diálogo travado entre pesquisadores do Projeto Eletromemória, inclusive com parceiros que são internacionais (Portugal e Argentina), mas não estranhos à problemática brasileira, pois as empresas elétricas que atuaram no mundo latino-ibérico têm mais relações de aproximação do que costumeiramente se explicita.Este número de Labor & Engenho abre com o texto “Da usina à população na velocidade da ...

  15. Introduction au dossier « Mutations de l’accompagnement dans les formations en ligne »

    OpenAIRE

    Simonian, Stephane; Savarieau, Béatrice

    2016-01-01

    Suite au colloque organisé par le laboratoire CIVIIC (Centre interdisciplinaire de recherches sur les valeurs, les idées, les identités et les compétences) qui s’est tenu à Rouen du 8 au 10 octobre 2014 intitulé « Mutations de l’accompagnement dans les formations en ligne », il nous est apparu intéressant – bien que risqué – de traiter d’un sujet pouvant être considéré comme un point aveugle lié à l’accompagnement de la rédaction de mémoires dans le cas des formations à distance ou hybrides. ...

  16. Prólogo al dossier monográfico "La presencia italiana en las Américas"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cristina Crolla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pretender elaborar una cartografía de la presencia de los italianos en el continente americano constituye a primera vista una empresa titánica y de resultados siempre aproximativos e incompletos. Pero intentar realizarlo es un desafío que debe asumirse a fin de colocar nuevas piezas en un puzzle inconmensurable, configurado por cantidades de complejas aristas que esperan ser analizadas. La significativa presencia de viajeros e inmigrantes italianos en el continente americano durante los últimos doscientos años -especialmente relevante desde el punto de vista histórico, cultural y humano- permite de forma excepcional estudiar este complejo fenómeno migratorio partiendo del caso concreto del área hispanoamericana y lusófona, tomando para ello como referencia los múltiples ejemplos de interacción entre culturas, al igual que lo que sucedió en América del Norte, donde el arribo de oleadas inmigratorias y los contactos políticos y culturales fueron también sumamente fructíferos.En este sentido, el abordaje de mutuas contaminaciones e interinfluencias a lo largo del tiempo pasa necesariamente por el estudio de fenómenos históricos tan significativos como son las causas y perfiles de la (e(inmigración así como los procesos particulares de inserción en las nuevas territorialidades; la incidencia de la italianidad en corrientes políticas, sociológicas y culturales en los ámbitos de inserción, en las prácticas de lectura y de traducción; o el aporte de creadores italianos y sus descendientes en el campo de la literatura, la filosofía, la ciencia, el arte y la arquitectura. Otro campo de interés es el de la lengua y las investigaciones que se orientan a la detección de italianismos y al estudio de la generación de interlenguas en las variantes del español hispanoamericano, del portugués brasileño, en el inglés norteamericano y en el bilingüismo canadiense. Y todo ello sin descuidar la importancia que la matriz cultural italiana tuvo en la configuración de imaginarios y en prácticas socioculturales ligadas a la vida comunitaria y familiar, la gastronomía, la toponimia, la música y otras múltiples y variadas expresiones.

  17. Dossier Nº 17 ITINERARIOS DE LO COTIDIANO. PRÁCTICAS, SOCIABILIDADES Y COMPORTAMIENTOS SOCIALES EN LAS DICTADURAS DEL CONO SUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Luciani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available En los estudios dedicados a la última dictadura militar en Argentina destaca la preocupación por abordar la compleja trama entre estado y sociedad. Los interrogantes se anidan sobre dos ejes centrales en ocasiones superpuestos, por un lado las actitudes sociales -individuales y colectivas- frente al golpe y la dictadura; por otro, los modos en que la instalación del régimen militar alteró la vida cotidiana de los ciudadanos. La complejidad a la hora de definir cómo abordar esos procesos ha llevado a la apertura de algunas líneas de indagación y otras tantas de debate. No haremos referencia extensa a los derroteros que se han propuesto en este sentido, pero constataremos que desde los primeros acercamientos al tema, la mayoría de los estudios han pendulado entre posiciones que destacan el terror como elemento explicativo de todas las acciones o inacciones y la percepción de una sociedad ajena, extraña que desconoció la represión ejercida y ejecutada en dictadura. Estas construcciones han permitido un deslizamiento del problema entendiéndolo en términos de normalidad/anormalidad. La primera premisa supone que la vida de la “gente común”, sus prácticas y sus relaciones no fueron afectadas drásticamente por el golpe de estado y la posterior dictadura, siendo posible extrañarlas de la trama represiva implementada por la dictadura y que se ramificaba en centros clandestinos de detención, apropiación de bebes, tortura, desaparición y asesinato, por sólo mencionar algunos de los más cruentos destinos de las víctimas. La segunda, que la excepcionalidad que significó la existencia de esa trama marcó a fuego la vida de todos los ciudadanos por igual, poniendo entre paréntesis su propia existencia, paralizando toda posibilidad de acción. Así el binomio normalidad/ anormalidad ha sostenido la mayoría de los trabajos que abordan la sociedad en dictadura, -tanto los escritos desde la memoria como los estudios de corte histórico- generando miradas parciales, cuando no erróneas.

  18. Exploration and guidance in media-rich information spaces : the implementation and realization of guided tours in digital dossiers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Riel, van C.; Wang, Y.; Eliëns, A.; Guerrero-Bote, V.P.

    2006-01-01

    Confronted with media-rich information spaces involves interfaces that are usually designed to facilitate personal exploration to locate information of interest. Navigating such media-rich information spaces, where information structures can be complex, may result in disorientation and demotivation.

  19. Dossier Nº 15 REDES SOCIALES Y PODER POLÍTICO. AMÉRICA LATINA SIGLOS XIX Y XX

    OpenAIRE

    Romina Garcilazo

    2016-01-01

    A finales de la década de 1970 los paradigmas historiográficos dominantes comenzaron a ser puestos en cuestión, produciéndose lo que se ha dado en llamar la “crisis” de la historia. Ello se debió por un lado, al cambio de perspectiva respecto a la escala de observación –de este modo el microanálisis comenzó a ser visto como una herramienta metodológica sugerente para el abordaje de lo social– y por el otro, a la introducción de nuevas variables que orientaron la atención hacia la dinámica de...

  20. Integrating data from the Investigational Medicinal Product Dossier/investigator's brochure. A new tool for translational integration of preclinical effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gerven, Joop; Cohen, Adam

    2018-01-30

    The first administration of a new compound in humans is an important milestone. A major source of information for the researcher is the investigator's brochure (IB). Such a document, has a size of several hundred pages. The IB should enable investigators or regulators to independently assess the risk-benefit of the proposed trial but the size and complexity makes this difficult. This article offers a practical tool for the integration and subsequent communication of the complex information from the IB or other relevant data sources. This paper is accompanied by an accessible software tool to construct a single page colour-coded overview of preclinical and clinical data. © 2018 The British Pharmacological Society.

  1. Dossier Nº 15 REDES SOCIALES Y PODER POLÍTICO. AMÉRICA LATINA SIGLOS XIX Y XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romina Garcilazo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A finales de la década de 1970 los paradigmas historiográficos dominantes comenzaron a ser puestos en cuestión, produciéndose lo que se ha dado en llamar la “crisis” de la historia. Ello se debió por un lado, al cambio de perspectiva respecto a la escala de observación –de este modo el microanálisis comenzó a ser visto como una herramienta metodológica sugerente para el abordaje de lo social– y por el otro, a la introducción de nuevas variables que orientaron la atención hacia la dinámica de las estructuras, colocando en el centro de la escena a los actores y a su entorno social. En este contexto la categoría de red social asomó con fuerza. Particularmente en el campo historiográfico adquirió una perspectiva transversal vinculando distintas áreas –como la historia económica, política, social, de mujeres, entre otras– e incorporando algunos aportes de otras disciplinas como la sociología y la antropología. En un primer momento el concepto comenzó a ser utilizado en un sentido metafórico para manifestar las interacciones de un sistema social. Aunque posteriormente adquirió un uso analítico como respuesta a la insatisfacción que los cientistas sociales experimentaron ante el esquema estructural-funcionalista por presentar ciertas limitaciones para el estudio de las sociedades. Si bien el análisis de redes ha cobrado especial importancia en algunas áreas de estudio, los especialistas afirman que aún no ha demostrado todas sus potencialidades. Esto se ha debido, entre otras variables, a la continuidad de su uso metafórico más que analítico y a la ausencia de herramentales teóricos provenientes de la disciplina histórica convirtiéndolo en un término múltiple y ecléctico.

  2. Recherche d'une détente dans le dossier du piratage des médias ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    APC Access to knowledge / IP / Media Piracy Workshop, 7 April 2010, Sunnyside Park Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa. Reports. Social and material life of Media Piracy: A comparative study from South Asia - Year Three Final Technical Report. Reports. Media piracy and enforcement in Brazil : costs and benefits; toward ...

  3. GAC-EPA

    CERN Multimedia

    GAC-EPA

    2013-01-01

    En tant que Président du GAC-EPA, je porte à votre connaissance ce communiqué émanant de la Direction du CERN. Le 2 juin 2013, le CERN inaugure le projet Passeport Big Bang, un parcours touristique et scientifique formé de dix plates-formes d'exposition devant dix sites du CERN dans le Pays de Gex et le Canton de Genève. Les plateformes sont reliées par des itinéraires balisés et par un jeu de piste. C'est un projet est mené en collaboration avec les communes du Pays de Gex, Meyrin et Genève Tourisme dans un souci de renforcer notre dialogue avec nos voisins : http://passeport-big-bang.web.cern.ch/fr. A l’occasion de cette inauguration, nous organisons un événement populaire et festif : le matin, les familles pourront participer à des randonnées à vélo tandis que les sportifs pourront tester les 5...

  4. Le Cromlech Méatsé 12 (commune d'Itxassou, Laburdi. (Compte rendu de fouilles 1994.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Blot

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available El cromlech Meatsé 12, de 5 m. de diámetro, presenta una corona periférica constituída por pequeños amontonamientos de losetas superpuestas, que rodean por el exterior a una serie de grandes losas dispuestas tangencialmente en círculo. La cista central, totalmente estéril, está constituída por una tapa y cuatro losas. El ajuar consiste en un "chopping tool" y un canto, depositados sobre el peristalito. Este monumento, de significado esencialmente simbólicico, no contenía ni carbón de leña ni restos humanos calcinados. La palinología lo sitúa en el Subboreal o en el Subatlántico.

  5. Word and Spirit in Melanchthon’s Loci Communes : Searching for the Relationship between the External and the Internal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Belt, Hendrik; Beck, Andreas J.

    2016-01-01

    During the reformation the relationship between the Bible and the Spirit was an important issue. The theology of early Protestantism focused on the word of God, but also acknowledged the necessity of the work of the Spirit. The word that was outwardly proclaimed as law and gospel was believed to be

  6. Evaluation of the conservation program of the paramo ecosystem and its socio-environmental effects in a rural commune

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Virginia Tapia Zúñiga

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The paramo Casaiches Arenal, shares its resources with the community of the same name. Although conservation has been carried out in Ecuador on a voluntary basis, this has not been enough for the productive and population requirements, which has caused the loss of characteristics typical of the páramo. In this situation, the world community has joined efforts to mitigate the anthropogenic effects on this ecosystem. In 2008, the Association of Agricultural Workers Casaiches Arenal entered the forest conservation program and put 80 ha of páramo under this system. The knowledge of the socio-environmental effects of the program will allow us to answer your questioning. To know aspects of socio-economic development in the community under study, the empirical method of the survey was used, which investigated socioeconomic aspects in the area. As an independent variable, the paramos conservation incentive program was conceived and as dependent variables, social development; economic development and the conservation of the páramo ecosystem. To assess the environmental impact from the adhesion as beneficiaries, a cause-effect matrix was applied, as a method of identification and assessment with qualitative and quantitative results. It is concluded that the national policies on which the conservation program is based decrease the pressures on the paramo ecosystem, as long as it is complemented with on-site actions that allow for an efficient and systematic intervention in the region.

  7. Impact of Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM) to Local Communities and Environment in Hop Tien Commune, Dong Hy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wageningen International,

    2008-01-01

    This case-study is designed to support the development of the Viet Nam – Netherlands Water Partnership on Water for Food and Ecosystems. The partnership is between Viet Nam’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and the Netherlands Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality

  8. John Dewey, Une foi commune (1934 trad. fr., Les empêcheurs de penser en rond-La decouverte, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romain MOLLARD

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dépasser le dualisme entre les valeurs religieuses et la culture moderne issue de la science a été central dans l'agenda de bon nombre d'intellectuels et de libéraux religieux du XIXème. Dewey, né en 1859, l'année même de la publication par Darwin de L'origine des espèces, a toute sa vie essayé de comprendre les significations concrètes de ce dépassement dans les domaines de la psychologie, de la pédagogie, de l'épistémologie, de la métaphysique, de l'esthétique, de la morale et de la religio...

  9. Hygiène posturale et économie rachidienne dans la lombalgie commune – une pratique à repenser

    OpenAIRE

    Kupper, Danièle; Cedraschi, Christine; Genevay, Stéphane

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, scientific understanding of low back pain has increased considerably, sometimes shoving concepts thought to be unshakable. If we consider postural hygiene,whose techniques were conceptualized in the 70's and are still widely used, not only some axioms were not confirmed but some evidences suggest that it may sometimes have deleterious effects. After reviewing these elements it appears that there is no simple formula applicable to all patients with low back pain. Instead we of...

  10. In situ response of Nostoc commune s.l. colonies to desiccation in Central Svalbard, Norwegian High Arctic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kvíderová, Jana; Elster, Josef; Šimek, Miloslav

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 1 (2011), s. 87-97 ISSN 1802-5439 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ME 934; GA MŠk LA341; GA MŠk LC06066; GA AV ČR IAA600660605 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516; CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : desiccation * cyanobacteria * Arctic Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 1.327, year: 2011

  11. Radioactive wastes. Commune convention about the safety of spent fuel management and about the radioactive waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1997-01-01

    This common convention do not give detailed safety standards but general obligations whom objective is the development of a safety culture in the world. It concerns the spent fuels (valuable and valued by the reprocessing) and radioactive wastes (matter without any later use). (N.C.)

  12. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and the environment. Press file for 1996; EDF et l'environnment 1996. Dossier de presse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourdier, Jean-Pierre [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-03-27

    In 1996 the actions of EDF in the domain of environment have recorded FF 4 billions (FF 3.5 billion in 1995), representing about 2% of the EDF's turnover. The EDF keeps on its efforts for reducing the impact of its activities upon environment. Several applications of an environment protective electricity generation are promoted by the company. The company brings services and technical solutions to its clients which meet their energy needs and conserving at the same time the life conditions. Furthermore, EDF participates in the activity of numerous national and international organisms, intervening in the environmental questions, in decision making, participating in studies and actions and following continually the direction of a durable economic and social development. The report is structured in three chapters: 1. an industrial responsibility; 2. services and techniques for environment; 3. action towards a durable development.

  13. Information and analysis document. Hydrocarbons of the Caspian sea: actors and stakes; Dossier d'information et d'analyse. Les hydrocarbures de mer Caspienne: acteurs et enjeux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    1998-03-01

    The Caspian sea basin constitutes an important petroleum reserve from which the exploration and development just begin. It should provide near 5 % of the world petroleum offer in 2015. To evaluate the stakes of the situation, the author presents an analysis of the Caspian sea reserves in three main parts: the Caspian sea hydrocarbons and the energy geo-politics, the realizations and the projects of the transport infrastructures, the international participations in the main petroleum and gaseous contracts. (A.L.B.)

  14. Greenhouse effect: a point about the sequestration of carbonic gas; Effet de serre: le dossier de la sequestration du gaz carbonique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chesnais, L.

    2005-10-01

    'Factor 4' is the name of a working group whose aim is to propose different ways to cut the emission of greenhouse gases in France by a factor 4. One of solutions is to store in deep geological layers a great part of the carbonic gas produced on earth. The storing capacities of aquifers are 10 folds as important as the capacities of gas and oil natural reservoirs currently in service throughout the world. Feasibility tests have been made in Norway, Canada and Algeria. A lot of uncertainties concerning the behaviour of CO{sub 2} in geological layers over very large time periods (from 500.000 to 1 million years) have to be cleared before considering an industrial scale use. As a consequence no industrial use is planned before 10 to 15 years from now. Furthermore the industrial use requires a cost below 20 euros the tonne which is far from the estimation of the cost based on the today's technology (50 to 70 euros the tonne of carbonic gas collected). (A.C.)

  15. Los "diarios perdidos" de Manuela Sáenz y la formación de un ícono cultural (Dossier: Bicentenario, rastros y revelaciones de la Independencia)

    OpenAIRE

    Hennes, Heather

    2009-01-01

    La autora destaca la influencia de los “diarios perdidos” de Manuela Sáenz sobre el Diario de Paita (editado por Carlos Álvarez Saá), la biografía publicitada por el Museo Manuela Sáenz en Quito y la película venezolana de Diego Rísquez. Por otro lado, señala que la imagen de Sáenz ha sido apropiada como símbolo de causas cívicas o feministas, predominando la imagen de una atrevida transgresora de las normas de género, sexualmente pervertida, perturbadora del orden social. No obstante, el Mus...

  16. Presentación del dossier Evaluación y tratamiento psicológico mediante realidad virtual y otras nuevas tecnologías

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Maldonado, José

    2009-01-01

    Pese a lo que pudiera parecer a primera vista, la realidad virtual no es una tecnología exótica. Las aplicaciones de la realidad virtual se hallan presentes ya en gran cantidad de campos, desde las simulaciones con las que se entrena en el manejo de diferentes tipos de máquinas, hasta sistemas de visualización que ayudan a comprender complejos sistemas conceptuales matemáticos. En medicina existen desde hace años aplicaciones mediante las que es posible aprender y practicar técnicas quirúrgic...

  17. 2005: risks and opportunities for the renewable energies. Press document; 2005: risques et opportunites pour les energies renouvelables. Dossier de presse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-02-01

    In this document the Syndicate of the Renewable Energies presents the economic situation of the renewable energies from foreign parts and from France. It takes stock also on the 2001 directive on the development of the electric power and shows how the renewable energies are wrongly said to generate taxes on the electric utilities. Each renewable energies sources are then detailed. (A.L.B.)

  18. The French Electricity Company (EDF) and the environment. Press file for 1996; EDF et l'environnment 1996. Dossier de presse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourdier, Jean-Pierre [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-03-27

    In 1996 the actions of EDF in the domain of environment have recorded FF 4 billions (FF 3.5 billion in 1995), representing about 2% of the EDF's turnover. The EDF keeps on its efforts for reducing the impact of its activities upon environment. Several applications of an environment protective electricity generation are promoted by the company. The company brings services and technical solutions to its clients which meet their energy needs and conserving at the same time the life conditions. Furthermore, EDF participates in the activity of numerous national and international organisms, intervening in the environmental questions, in decision making, participating in studies and actions and following continually the direction of a durable economic and social development. The report is structured in three chapters: 1. an industrial responsibility; 2. services and techniques for environment; 3. action towards a durable development.

  19. Statement on the dossier for a derogation request of the US authorities concerning cold-treated strawberry plants intended for planting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, R.; Candresse, T.; Dormannsné Simon, E.

    2009-01-01

    Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Plant Health examined the report “Evaluation of Strawberry Nursery Plant Cold Treatments on Survival of the Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci”, submitted to the European Commission by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA...... the effectiveness of the cold treatment proposed for the elimination of B. tabaci from strawberry plant consignments prepared for shipment to the EU. In addition, the Panel conducted a preliminary review of the available literature on viruses of strawberry and concluded that no B. tabaci-transmitted viruses...... are currently known to infect strawberry and that no viruses of Fragaria listed in European Council Directive 2000/29/EC are known to be transmitted by B. tabaci. However, adult whiteflies of B. tabaci on strawberry consignments can carry plant viruses irrespective of whether strawberry is a host plant...

  20. Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in France in 2005; La surete nucleaire et la radioprotection en France en 2005. Dossier de presse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-04-15

    In 2005, the Asn pursued its significant investment in radiation protection and reaffirms its ambition to become as efficient in radiation protection as it is in nuclear safety as of 2009. 2005 was a year of great progress for the Asn as it consolidated its organisation and working methods, in accordance with the 2005-2007 strategic plan it set for itself. The Asn continued progress in the field of radiation protection has given rise to various new regulations to improve the legislative and regulatory framework in this area. The Asn plans to step up its efforts to ensure better monitoring of patient exposure to ionizing radiation and to provide better management of radon-related risks, particularly in housing. Fully aware that its newfound power in this area requires outside evaluation, the Asn has asked the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to organize an I.R.R.S. (Integrated Regulatory Review Service) assignment consisting of a peer-conducted audit. The IAEA has confirmed that this audit will take place in November 2006. (N.C.)

  1. Demand-Side Financing--A Focus on Vouchers in Post-Compulsory Education and Training: Discussion Paper and Case Studies. CEDEFOP Dossier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Anne; Sparkes, Jo; Balabanov, Todor

    The use of demand-side financing mechanisms and vouchers for postcompulsory secondary-level education was examined through case studies of funding practices in the following countries: Austria; France; the United Kingdom; the United States; and Wallonia (the French community of Belgium). Different models of voucher use were identified in the…

  2. Nuclear toxicology file: impact of uranium on the vertebrae reproduction; Dossier toxicologie nucleaire: impact de l'uranium sur la reproduction des vertebres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barillet, S.; Carriere, M. [CEA Saclay, IRAMIS, Lab. Pierre Sue, Groupe Toxicologie Humaine et Environnementale-CNRS, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)

    2008-09-15

    Studies led on rats showed an achievement on the reproductive system. The effects on the progeny were also studied with some depleted uranium.The depleted uranium can cross the placental barrier and to affect the development of embryos to the rat. Teratogen effects were also observed. For the strongest tested dose (50 mg / kg /day during 9 days is approximately 20 % of the lethal dose), an embryonic mortality was observed. Below this dose, the foetal toxicity was resulted by a decrease of the weight and the size of the foetus associated with malformations and disturbances in the different stages of development. For high doses (25 mg / kg / day) the number of alive fetuses, the growth and the development as well as their survival were considerably affected. Concerning the uranium effects on the foetal testicle, the first results seem to indicate a particular sensitivity of the human male gonad with regard to the foetal testicle of mouse. The effects on the follicle genesis in vivo and on the oocytes in vitro have been studied. The modification of the rhythm of the oocyte meiosis observed in vitro, could occur in pre-ovulation follicles and lead to the ovulation of oocytes capable of being fertilized but incapable of normal embryonic development. A particular attention must be thus worn to the girls and to the women susceptible to be exposed to not negligible quantities of uranium. (N.C.)

  3. E-mail et Web : pour une navigation sans risque

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2010-01-01

    Présentation orale en français, support visuel en anglais. À travers des exemples concrets, vous consoliderez vos connaissances et pourrez ainsi réajuster vos habitudes concernant l’utilisation sécurisée de votre boîte e-mail et de votre navigateur Web.

  4. Fils RSS | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cliquez sur le fil pour ajouter votre site ou votre lecteur RSS préféré Fil de financement du CRDI Fil des nouvelles du CRDI Fil des perspectives du CRDI Fil des projets du CRDI Fil des publications du CRDI.

  5. Consultations

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Qu'arrive-t-il si j'engage des dépenses avant d'avoir signé mon contrat? Combien de ... Facture-type de consultant. Cette fiche ... Le représentant du CRDI dont le nom figure dans votre contrat est votre source d'information la plus fiable.

  6. Stories of upward social mobility and migration in one Romanian commune. On the emergence of “rurban” spaces in migrant-sending communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica ALEXANDRU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explore how international migration changed rural communities and social mobility trajectories. I show how the intense structural changes following the socio-economic transition in Romania supported the emergence and growth of labour migration. I look at migration instances that reveal positive changes of the quality of life, housing, educational and occupational opportunities of migrants. I posit that migration changes social mobility trajectories and shapes “rurban” villages where standards of living and lifestyles merge old and new ways of life. These communities gradually begin to resemble more to host countries and to urban localities in Romania than to the traditional rural spaces.

  7. USING CARTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTS AND GIS FOR FOLLOWING THE EVOLUTION OF THE PONDS - AREA OF CEFA AND MĂDĂRAS COMMUNES - (BIHOR, ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LINC Ribana

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the problems of identifying some of the pond names in the Crisurilor Plain, which over time have been mentioned by various authors by different acronyms, we wanted to identify and locate them by studying maps and cadastral plans dating from the late 19th century until present. Using modern means of mapping (GIS we superimposed a very wide range of cartographic materials and studied a wide range of textual documents that have succeeded to clarify the changes that these ponds have suffered over time.

  8. Joint sciences academies statement: global response to climate change; Declaration commune des Academies des sciences sur la reponse globale au changement climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-06-01

    Taking into account that there is now strong evidence that significant global warming is occurring, the Joint Science Academies, urge, by this statement, all nations in the line with the UNFCCC principles, to take prompt action to reduce the causes of climate change, adapt to its impacts and ensure that the issue is included in all relevant national and international strategies. Some recommendations are also given. (A.L.B.)

  9. The perception of the next Bouin wind farm by the border towns people; La perception du futur parc eolien de Bouin par les habitants des communes limitrophes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-01-01

    This document provides statistical results (questions and answers) of the inquiry realized in january 2003 in the border towns of a next wind farm in Bouin (Vendee). It also includes the analysis of the results showing the good public information and the favorable opinion concerning the project. (A.L.B.)

  10. Incorporating elements of social franchising in government health services improves the quality of infant and young child feeding counselling services at commune health centres in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Phuong H; Kim, Sunny S; Keithly, Sarah C; Hajeebhoy, Nemat; Tran, Lan M; Ruel, Marie T; Rawat, Rahul; Menon, Purnima

    2014-12-01

    Although social franchising has been shown to enhance the quality of reproductive health services in developing countries, its effect on nutrition services remains unexamined. This study assessed the effects of incorporating elements of social franchising on shaping the quality of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) counselling facilities and services in Vietnam. Process-related data collected 12 months after the launch of the first franchises were used to compare randomly assigned Alive & Thrive-supported health facilities (AT-F, n = 20) with standard facilities (SF, n = 12) across three dimensions of service quality: 'structure', 'process' and 'outcome' that capture the quality of facilities, service delivery, and client perceptions and use, respectively. Data collection included facility assessments (n = 32), staff surveys (n = 96), counselling observations (n = 137), client exit interviews (n = 137) and in-depth interviews with mothers (n = 48). Structure: AT-F were more likely to have an unshared, well-equipped room for nutrition counselling than SF (65.0% vs 10.0%). Compared with SF providers, AT-F staff had better IYCF knowledge (mean score 9.9 vs 8.8, range 0-11 for breastfeeding; mean score 3.6 vs 3.2, range 0-4 for complementary feeding). AT-F providers also demonstrated significantly better interpersonal communication skills (score 9.6 vs 5.1, range 0-13) and offered more comprehensive counselling sessions. Overall utilization of franchises was low (10%). A higher proportion of pregnant women utilized franchise services (48.9%), compared with mothers with children 6-23.9 months (1.4%). There was no quantitative difference in client satisfaction with counselling services between AT-F and SF, but franchise users praised the AT-F for problem solving related to child feeding. Incorporating elements of social franchising significantly enhances the quality of IYCF counselling services within government primary healthcare facilities, particularly their structural and process attributes. Provided that service utilization is improved through demand generation, this model has the potential to impact IYCF practices and child nutrition. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine © The Author 2013; all rights reserved.

  11. Energy supplying of the Europe and foreign policy; Approvisionnement energetique de l'Europe et politique etrangere commune. Une problematique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    1998-03-01

    This paper aims to answer the question on the impact of the energy supply in Europe on the foreign and safety policy. The geo-political principles of the energy, the european petroleum and gaseous supply and the american policy facing the european energy supply are analyzed. (A.L.B.)

  12. Formen und Konkurrenzen juristischer Normativitäten im »Ius Commune« und in der Differentienliteratur (17./18. Jh.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Mohnhaupt

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s growing multinormativity arises out of global developments in the world of states and their societies. As a result, there has been a corresponding increase in the legal and non-legal rules governing their actions and behaviour. The present paper focuses on the phenomenon of historical »multinormativity« that determined the legal and normative systems of the 17th –18th centuries, since »mononormativity« has not, in fact, ever existed. A large number and variety of laws, stemming from social elites or the ruler on specific legal questions, constitutes a veritable cosmos of norms of quite different genres in this period. Thus, pressure necessarily emerged to regulate competition and conflicts between these different norms as well as a search for solutions through comparative study.

  13. The impact of social franchising on the use of reproductive health and family planning services at public commune health stations in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Pham Van; Alden Dana L; Ngo Anh D; Phan Ha

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Service franchising is a business model that involves building a network of outlets (franchisees) that are locally owned, but act in coordinated manner with the guidance of a central headquarters (franchisor). The franchisor maintains quality standards, provides managerial training, conducts centralized purchasing and promotes a common brand. Research indicates that franchising private reproductive health and family planning (RHFP) services in developing countries improves...

  14. Environmental studies in two communes of Santiago de Chile by the analysis of magnetic properties of particulate matter deposited on leaves of roadside trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, David; Aguilar, Bertha; Fuentealba, Raúl; Préndez, Margarita

    2017-03-01

    Emissions from motor vehicles are considered to be one of the main sources of airborne particulate matter in Santiago. International researchers have shown that particulate matter contains metal oxides and magnetic particles, both of which are emitted mainly from vehicles exhaust pipes. On the other hand, trees are effective in reducing such contamination, so that they act as passive collectors of particulate matter. This work presents the results obtained from the first magnetic study of the particulate matter collected in two areas of the city of Santiago de Chile. Magnetic susceptibility and Saturation Isothermic Remanent Magnetization (SIRM) were determined in leaves from abundant urban trees and from urban dust samples. Results indicate that most of the samples contain ferromagnetic minerals with magnetite (Fe3O4) as the main carrier. Values of magnetic susceptibility (SI ×10-6 m3/kg) in the range 0.04-0.24 for leaves and in the range 10-45 for urban dust were determinated. In one of the city areas studied, significant correlation between the particulate matter deposited on leaves of Platanus orientalis and measured traffic flows was obtained. In addition, it was possible to estimate that the species Platanus orientalis and Acer negundo have a better ability to capture particulate matter than the species Robinia pseudoacacia.

  15. Translocation of mercury from substrate to fruit bodies of Panellus stipticus, Psilocybe cubensis, Schizophyllum commune and Stropharia rugosoannulata on oat flakes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gabriel, Jiří; Švec, Karel; Kolihová, D.; Tlustoš, P.; Száková, J.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 125, Mar (2016), s. 184-189 ISSN 0147-6513 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP503/12/0682 Institutional support: RVO:61388971 Keywords : Mercury * Bioaccumulation * Translocation Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 3.743, year: 2016

  16. Translocation of mercury from substrate to fruit bodies of Panellus stipticus, Psilocybe cubensis, Schizophyllum commune and Stropharia rugosoannulata on oat flakes

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gabriel, Jiří; Švec, Karel; Kolihová, D.; Tlustoš, P.; Száková, J.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 125, MAR 2016 (2016), s. 184-189 ISSN 0147-6513 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP503/12/0682 Institutional support: RVO:61388971 Keywords : Mercury * Bioaccumulation * Translocation Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 3.743, year: 2016

  17. Comparaison de populations de carpe commune (Cyprinus carpio à taille commerciale : intérêt d'une approche globale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEREIRA V.

    1999-07-01

    Une discrimination géographique des populations est possible mais elle repose sur une approche globale intégrant l'ensemble des paramètres. Les différences semblent essentiellement liées aux conditions environnementales et permettent de distinguer les lots issus des régions où l'élevage est plus intensif et traditionnellement centré sur la carpe (Dombes, Forez, Lorraine et les lots correspondant à un élevage plus extensif et davantage orienté vers le marché du repeuplement (Allier, Brenne, Poitou-Charentes.

  18. COMMUNITY DIAGNOSIS OF THE VILLA TURBAY NEIGHBORHOOD, COMMUNE 8 IN MEDELLÍN. DIAGNÓSTICO COMUNITARIO BARRIO VILLA TURBAY, COMUNA 8 DE MEDELLÍN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Velasquez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results of a community survey in the Villa Turbay neighborhood in the city of Medellin. The objective was to carry out a study not only to know the reality, but also to contribute to its transformation. In this research process, the community participated both in its formulation and analysis of information; as well as its final product., which were taken as being important input in the construction of an Alternative Plan of Neighborhood Development as for the next reformulation of Territorial Development Plans that will define the direction to follow regarding the use of the soil and its cultural relationships in the city of Medellin. RESUMEN: El presente artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación comunitaria realizada en el Barrio Villa Turbay de la Ciudad de Medellín, el objetivo era realizar un estudio no solo para conocer la realidad, sino aportar a su transformación; en este proceso de investigación la comunidad participó tanto en su formulación como en el análisis de la información; adicional al producto mismo de la investigación, esta se tomaron como importantes insumo en la construcción de un Plan Alternativo de Desarrollo Barrial de cara a la próxima reformulación de los Planes de ordenamiento Territorial que definirá el rumbo a seguir del uso del suelo y sus relaciones culturales en la Ciudad de Medellin.

  19. Europe's progress towards joint regulation of nuclear safety; Le cheminement de l'Europe vers une reglementation commune sur la surete nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hennenhofer, G. [surete des installations nucleaires et la radioprotection, Ministere de l' Environnement, de la Protection de la nature et de la securite nucleaire (BMU) (Germany)

    2010-11-15

    Following the end of the Second World War, there was great hope for the use of nuclear energy for peaceful applications. In the beginning, the different approaches adopted by East and West led to the design of different types of reactors, with priority being given to rapid development of the reactor fleet. Cooperation between safety regulators only came about very gradually. The Chernobyl disaster was in this respect the trigger event, as it clearly showed that the effects of nuclear events do not stop at borders and that collaboration by the safety regulators in this field was essential. Texts such as the Convention on Nuclear Safety, requiring the creation of a regulatory body independent of economic interests, the other work done by IAEA on the issue of nuclear safety and, within the European context, the creation of WENRA, are all milestones along the path to close cooperation. The recently adopted European directive on the safety of nuclear installations is the natural successor to these achievements. The road to a common European vision of nuclear safety is now mapped out. Germany will be joining this movement and making its own contribution. (author)

  20. Observations sur le comportement alimentaire de la population de truites communes (Salmo trutta L. dans la rivière Estoräos, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VALENTE A.

    1990-07-01

    Full Text Available L'étude du comportement alimentaire d'une population de truites, Salmo trutta L., est abor-dée dans la rivière Estoräos, au nord du Portugal. L'étude des macroinvertébrés benthiques et en dérive montre une composition comparable à celle d'autres rivières européennes. La fréquence d'occurrence des organismes proies ingérés met en évidence la diversité du choix alimentaire, plus marquée chez les poissons 1+. Le comportement alimentaire opportuniste de l'espèce est confirmé. L'analyse en composantes principales révèle des similitudes entre le spectre trophique des deux groupes d'âge étudiés. Le comportement alimentaire ne semble pas responsable des faibles croissance et densité de cette population détruites.

  1. Patient safety in a physics service medical. Checklist of key parameters to be revised before the dossier of the patient out of service; Seguridad del paciente en un servicio de fisica medica. Checklist de parametros clave a ser revisados antes de que el dossier del paciente salga del servicio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Font Gomez, J. A.; Gandia Martinez, A.; Jimenez Albericio, F. J.; Andres Redondo, M. M.; Mengual Gil, M. A.

    2013-07-01

    In aviation, operating rooms, etc. long checklists used parameters considered important / vital for review prior to the completion of work in the interest of safety. This ensures that any parameters key will be ignored by the computer so that it could cause future problems. (Author)

  2. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Découvrez les plus belles tables de Suisse romande et de France voisine en bénéficiant des réductions suivantes sur chaque repas, pendant une année : 50 % pour 2 personnes, 40 % pour 3 personnes, 30 % pour 4 personnes, 20 % pour 5 à 6 personnes. Comment ça marche ? Faites votre choix parmi les 110 restaurants de votre région et réservez votre table pour 2, 3, 4, 5 ou 6 personnes. Présentez votre Passeport Gourmand dès votre arrivée. Savourez votre repas et profitez d’une réduction exceptionnelle sur votre addition (hors boissons, menu du jour et business lunch). Quels sont vos avantages ? Profitez du prix préférentiel pour les membres de l’association du CERN : – Passeport Gourmand Genève : CHF 75.- (au lieu de CHF 95.-) – Passeport Gourmand Ain/Savoie/Haute-Savoie : CHF 59.- (au lieu de CH...

  3. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Découvrez les plus belles tables de Suisse romande et de France voisine en bénéficiant des réductions suivantes sur chaque repas, pendant une année : 50 % pour 2 personnes / 40 % pour 3 personnes / 30 % pour 4 personnes / 20 % pour 5 à 6 personnes. Comment ça marche ? Faites votre choix parmi les 110 restaurants de votre région et réservez votre table pour 2, 3, 4, 5 ou 6 personnes. Présentez votre Passeport Gourmand dès votre arrivée. Savourez votre repas et profitez d’une réduction exceptionnelle sur votre addition (hors boissons, menu du jour et business lunch). Quels sont vos avantages ? Profitez du prix préférentiel pour les membres de l’association du CERN : – Passeport Gourmand Genève : CHF 75.- (au lieu de CHF 95.-) – Passeport Gourmand Ain/Savoie/Haute-Savoie : CHF 59.- (au lieu de...

  4. Poverty, inequality and violence in urban India: Towards more ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , including security. The result is a marginalized population that is facing even more ... Extrants. Dossiers. Bombay Hotel : tenure insecurity and land conflicts in informal commercial subdivisions [Gujarati version]. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers.

  5. Coordonnateur, Gestion des documents (h/f) | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    les dossiers papier sont complets et les documents sont classés en ordre chronologique;; tous les dossiers papier et électroniques sont classés et identifiés tel que requis;; les dossiers ne contiennent pas de matériel non documentaire;; l'on a fait des copies de tous les dossiers pertinents ou que l'on a établi des renvois par ...

  6. Poverty, inequality and violence in urban India: Towards more ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Bombay Hotel : everyday conflicts in basic services in informal commercial subdivisions. Dossiers. Bombay Hotel : tenure insecurity and land conflicts in informal commercial subdivisions. Dossiers. Vatwa resettlements sites : gender insecurity and violence against women. Dossiers. Vatwa resettlements sites : illicit activities ...

  7. Drivers of Competitiveness and Strategies for Economic ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... Korea's package for enhancing FTA utilization. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. SME loan defaults in Bangladesh. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. Moving freely? : labour mobility in ASEAN. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. Kazakhstan's membership of the Eurasian Customs Union : implications for trade and WTO accession.

  8. INTERFON

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2013-01-01

    www.interfon.fr Rendez-vous sur notre site pour toutes les « News » Interfon Nouveaux partenaires chez Interfon Sociétaires Interfon ! Profitez des conditions particulières de nos nouveaux fournisseurs ISIS Collection, les chemises sur mesure à domicile En optant pour la chemise sur mesure ISIS Collection, vous faites le choix d’une chemise unique, véritablement personnalisée. Choisissez votre tissu, la forme de votre col, de vos poignets, les broderies… Bénéficiez du service ISIS Collection. Votre tailleur, M. David Fetas, vous guidera pour prendre vos mesures, vous informer sur les tissus, le choix des options… Une fois créée, votre chemise sera fabriquée dans nos ateliers de confection situés en France. Nous vous garantissons ainsi un savoir-faire à la française et une qualité exceptionnelle. Remise...

  9. Guide des bases de données du CRDI

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Par exemple, entrez wom?n pour trouver tous les documents contenant woman ou women. •. Dans le cas du caractère de .... Propriétés de l'e- mail : n'oubliez pas d'inclure votre adresse de courriel. 4. Pour reconnaître l'alerte plus facilement dans votre boîte de réception, donnez- lui un titre. Cliquez sur Sauvegarder.

  10. Ressources à l'intention des bénéficiaires de subventions du CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Nous vous offrons des ressources et appuyons votre besoin d'apprendre, de vous épanouir et de réussir dans votre travail de chercheur. Notre équipe de Soutien à la recherche met au point des outils et aide les bénéficiaires. Vous devez être chercheur subventionné par le CRDI ou employé de ce dernier pour accéder à ...

  11. Case law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    This section treats of the following case laws: 1 - Canada: Decision of the Canadian Federal Court of Appeal overturning a decision to send back for reconsideration an environmental assessment of a proposed new nuclear power plant in Ontario; 2 - France: Council of State decision, 28 November 2014, Federation 'Reseau sortir du nucleaire' (Nuclear Phase-Out network) and others vs. Electricite de France (EDF), Request No. 367013 for the annulment of: - The resolution of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) dated 4 July 2011 specifying additional regulations for Electricite de France (EDF) designed to strengthen the reactor basemat of reactor No. 1 in the Fessenheim nuclear power plant, and - The resolution of ASN dated 19 December 2012 approving the start of work on reinforcing the reactor basemat in accordance with the dossier submitted by EDF; 3 - Germany: Judgment of the European Court of Justice on the nuclear fuel tax; 4 - India: Judgment of the High Court of Kerala in a public interest litigation challenging the constitutional validity of the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010; 5 - Japan - District court decisions on lawsuits related to the restart of Sendai NPP and Takahama NPP; 6 - Poland: Decision of the Masovian Voivod concerning the legality of the resolution on holding a local referendum in the Commune of Rozan regarding a new radioactive waste repository; Certain provisions of the Regulation of the Minister of Health of 18 February 2011 on the conditions for safe use of ionising radiation for all types of medical exposure have been declared unconstitutional by a judgment pronounced by the Constitutional Tribunal; 7 - Slovak Republic: Developments in relation to the disclosure of information concerning the Mochovce nuclear power plant

  12. L’entreprise archivistique de Jean de Cirey, abbé de Cîteaux (1476-1501. Le dossier documentaire de la seigneurie de Villars en Côte-d’Or

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coraline Rey

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available L'abbé Jean de Cirey (1476-1501 a réalisé un ambitieux projet archivistique, notamment en faisant trier et classer les chartes, et en assurant leur préservation par la rédaction de cartulaires. De cette entreprise, les Archives départementales de Côte-d’Or conservent aujourd’hui neuf grands registres de parchemin (320/325 x 240/250 mm appelés « cartulaires de Jean de Cirey », formant un cartulaire général de l’abbaye de Cîteaux. Ce service d’archives possède aussi quinze cartulaires cisterc...

  13. The search for a storage site for low-level and long-life wastes. A national project and a development opportunity for your town. A dossier for local communities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    After a review of the program schedule, this document presents the project of a storage site for low-level and long life radioactive wastes as an opportunity for a district: it outlines the benefits of such a realisation for the dynamics of the local activity, specifies the main economical and financial characteristics associated with such a facility, and evokes the elements which are taken into account for the selection of the site. It describes the storage centre as a place of industrial activity, a monitored and controlled facility, an installation opened to the public. It describes the different stages of the life cycle of this future storage centre: pre-selection, on-site investigations, additional studies and administrative process for the selected site, building and starting, operation, shutting down, surveillance. The document indicates the legal frame related to this activity, specifies what are the different concerned wastes, and their present warehousing locations. It gives some details on the different safety principles for such a storage: environment and health protection, geological layer, public works engineering solutions, waste packages

  14. Bituminous reference document: synthesis of knowledge on the long time behavior of bituminous packages; Dossier de reference bitume: synthese des connaissances sur le comportement a long terme des colis bitumes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sercombe, J.; Adenot, F.; Vistoli, P.P.; Parraud, S.; Riglet-Martial, C.; Gwinner, B.; Felines, I.; Tiffreau, C.; Libert, M

    2004-07-01

    This document is a synthesis of the knowledge acquired at the CEA on the behavior of bituminous packages. In this framework, the CEA studied bituminous packages in generic conditions of a package lifetime. The main factors, the evolution mechanisms and influential parameters have been determined and quantitative s simulation have been developed. After a description of the main initial bituminous packages characterizations, the evolutions in saturated and un-saturated environment are exposed. (A.L.B.)

  15. Nuclear toxicology file: cell response to the steady or radioactive chemical elements exposure; Dossier toxicologie nucleaire: reponse cellulaire a l'exposition aux elements chimiques stables ou radioactifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, B.S.; Saintigny, Y. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Sciences du Vivant, UMR 217, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France); CEA Fontenay aux Roses, IRCM, UMR 217, 92 (France); Adam, Ch. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN:DEI/SECRE), Lab. de Radioecologie et d' Ecotoxicologie, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2008-09-15

    The cellular response to an exposure in a toxic element is made at different levels. The first level is the agent detoxication by its elimination or its neutralization. The second level is the repair of the damages caused by this agent (for example the DNA repair). The third level is the control of the cellular death programmed to eliminate the irreparably damaged cells.Finally, the hurt cell can inform the nearby cells by producing molecular effectors inducing an abscopal or bystander effect. (N.C.)

  16. Information and analysis document. Hydrocarbons of the Caspian sea: actors and stakes; Dossier d'information et d'analyse. Les hydrocarbures de mer Caspienne: acteurs et enjeux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P.

    1998-03-01

    The Caspian sea basin constitutes an important petroleum reserve from which the exploration and development just begin. It should provide near 5 % of the world petroleum offer in 2015. To evaluate the stakes of the situation, the author presents an analysis of the Caspian sea reserves in three main parts: the Caspian sea hydrocarbons and the energy geo-politics, the realizations and the projects of the transport infrastructures, the international participations in the main petroleum and gaseous contracts. (A.L.B.)

  17. Plus de plaisir à table pour lutter contre la dénutrition des seniors : Dossier de presse sur inra.fr

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Aupalesens, un programme pour contribuer au « bien-vieillir » de nos aînés A l’heure actuelle, la prise en charge de la dénutrition chez les seniors s’appuie essentiellement sur des stratégies « nutritionnelles » (conseils nutritionnels, utilisation de compléments nutritionnels). L’objectif du programme Aupalesens était de tester l’efficacité de stratégies « sensorielles » pour prévenir et lutter contre la dénutrition chez les seniors. Spécifiquement, ce programme a permis :[br/] - de m...

  18. Agriculture on the pampas and familiar roles on 1960's decadeDossier: The place of the family in Argentina's agricultural production (1960-2008 Agro pampeano y roles familiares en la década de 1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talía Violeta Gutiérrez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the sixties of the twentieth century the pampeana's region passed through a modernization process and productive expansion that was accompanied by a higher rate urbanization of the population. This situation didn't make disappear the interest in defining the place of the family in the agricultural exploitation, instead, we propose that it was intensified and became a more complex problem. The objective of the present article is to analyze the role attributed to the family of the little or middle producer and the roles assigned to their members, in their participation in the rural development, from the State and the civil society, through the analysis of newspapers which came from these sectors.En los años sesenta del siglo XX la región pampeana vivía una etapa de modernización y expansión productiva que fue acompañada de una mayor urbanización de la población. Esta situación no significó que desapareciera el interés en definir el lugar de las familias en la explotación agrícola antes bien pensamos que se intensificó y complejizó. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el papel atribuido a la familia del productor pequeño o mediano y los roles asignados a sus distintos miembros, en su participación en el desarrollo rural pampeano, desde el Estado y la sociedad civil, a través del análisis de publicaciones periódicas provenientes de esos sectores.

  19. « Constituer un sérieux dossier d’archives de la Cité » : le fonds d’archives de la Cité internationale universitaire de Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Richard

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Versées aux Archives nationales en 2009, après un important travail de tri et d’inventaire, les archives de la Cité internationale universitaire de Paris restituent dans toutes ses dimensions l’histoire, depuis sa création en 1920, de cette institution hors du commun. Le patrimoine architectural en représente un pan majeur, eu égard au panorama architectural du XXe siècle que constitue la Cité et aux grands noms qui se sont succédé à la signature des constructions. Mais le fonds met également en avant la vie quotidienne de la Cité, dans ses dimensions les plus joyeuses, par exemple les activités culturelles, comme les plus tragiques, tels les affrontements en factions politiques rivales à la Maison de l’Iran après la révolution khomeiniste. À travers trois exemples, le Collège franco-britannique (1937, la Maison du Brésil (1959 et celle de l’Iran (1969, cet article souhaite montrer la richesse de cette source nouvellement offerte à la recherche.Given to the National Archives in 2005, after an important effort of classifying and listing, the archives of the Cité internationale universitaire de Paris offer a complete account of the history of this most remarkable institution since its creation in 1920. The architectural patrimony is one of its most important aspects, given the architectural roundup of the 20th century displayed by the Cité and the famous architects successively responsible for the construction of its buildings. However the collection also shows everyday life in the Cité in its most joyful aspects, for example the cultural activities, but also its most tragic ones, such as the confrontations between rival political factions at the Iran House after the Khomeinist Revolution. Using three examples, the French-British College (1937, the Brazil House (1959 and the Iran House (1969, this article aims at showing the interest of this source recently open to research.

  20. Newspaper: Files. Radiotherapy and accidental radiation protection. Scientific management between I.G.R. and I.P.S.N; Presse dossiers. Radiotherapie et radioprotection accidentelle. Partenariat scientifique entre l'IGR et l'IPSN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    The Gustave-Roussy Institute (I.G.R.), the biggest european center of cancer treatment, and the Institute of Protection and Nuclear Safety (I.P.S.N.) that lead important researches and expertise in accidental radiation protection have established an agreement for a research program for six years. The objective is to speed up the researches in radio-pathology and radiobiology to improve the techniques used to treat the irradiated persons, for therapeutic or accidental reasons. Three principal themes have been chosen as starting point: Diagnosis and prognosis bio-indicators of irradiation effects on the digestive system, biological dosimetry and long term effects of a high dose irradiation. New themes will be tackled in function of the results or new needs. (N.C.)

  1. Advice relative to the examination of the 'clay 2005 file'; Avis relatif a l'examen du 'dossier 2005 argile'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    On request of the general director of the French nuclear safety and radiation protection institute (IRSN), the permanent group of experts for long duration waste disposal facilities has examined the 'clay 2005 file' made by the ANDRA and which aims at demonstrating the feasibility of a disposal facility for high level and long living rad-wastes in the argillite formation of the Bure site. The group of experts has examined in particular the critical safety aspects of such a facility and the identification and consideration of uncertainties by the ANDRA in its safety analysis. It has also identified the main additional research works that may be carried out to demonstrate the feasibility of an industrial implementation of a safe disposal facility in the same Callovo-Oxfordian argilite formation. This document is the favourable advice and the recommendations expressed by the group of experts after examination of the ANDRA's 'clay 2005 file'. (J.S.)

  2. Succesful joint venture or out of control? Framing Europe on French and Dutch websites / Une entreprise commune réussi ou non? Cadrer l'Europe sur les sites web français et hollandais

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Os, R.G. van; Gorp, B. van; Wester, F.P.J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper focuses on online political communication about Europe produced by French and Dutch political parties and NGOs in the context of the 2005 referendum on the European constitution, and compares this Internet-based communication with news in French and Dutch newspapers in the context of the

  3. El potencial de espacios públicos y patrimonios edificados en barrios y vecindades de la Comuna de Independencia. / The potential of public spaces and architectural heritage in neighborhoods of the Commune of Independence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez Reyes, María Isabel

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Se indaga en el espacio urbano intersticial de la Comuna de Independencia, Santiago de Chile, el potencial de desarrollo de los espacios públicos y semi-públicos, para colaborar a la definición de acciones para la conservación, reconstrucción, complemento, reinstauración o instauración de estos en el marco de un planeamiento y diseño de espacios públicos, y regularización de predios y edificios de su entorno más comprensivo y sin derroche de recursos en un área histórica pericentral metropolitana que desea atraer nueva población residente./In this article there is an exploration of what is the state of unused spaces in Independencia (Municipality in Santiago Chile and what are the potentialities in the development of public and semi public spaces as a collaboration towards the conservation, reconstruction, complementing, restoration of such spaces as part of a plan to design public spaces, regularization of the sites and buildings, that is more sensitive and less expensive and its goal is to draw new residents to this historical area in the metropolitan peri center.

  4. Intraoperative intermittent blocking of the common iliac arteries in cases of placenta percreta without the use of fluoroscopy; Intraoperative intermittierende Blockung der Arteriae iliacae communes bei Placenta percreta unter Vermeidung von Roentgenstrahlung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinze, S. [Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Forensic Medicine; Klinikum Oldenburg (Germany). Inst. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Filsinger, B. [St. Marienkrankenhaus, Ludwigshafen (Germany). Maternity Clinic; Kastenholz, G.; Schroeder, R.J. [St. Marienkrankenhaus, Ludwigshafen (Germany). Dept. of Radiology

    2016-12-15

    The number of patients with placenta accreta, percreta and increta is increasing. The morbidity and mortality are higher mostly due to hemorrhage. Therefore, new methods to reduce the risk of severe bleeding are necessary. Three patients were treated in collaboration by obstetricians, urologists, anesthesiologists, and radiologists. An MRI of the pelvis was performed and the diameters and lengths of the iliac arteries were measured to avoid fluoroscopy during the preoperative placement of catheter balloons into the iliac arteries. During the operational procedure the balloons were inflated and deflated depending on the operative site and the occurrence of bleeding. In comparison to the literature, severe bleeding was clearly reduced. No complications of the intervention were observed. The presented method to reduce severe bleeding might represent significant progress in the management of abnormal placenta implantation. Nevertheless, further controlled studies are needed in order to establish evidence-based recommendations.

  5. Effets du zinc sur la physiologie du stade juvénile de la seiche commune Sepia officinalis et étude du système immunitaire pour le développement d’outils in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Le Pabic , Charles

    2014-01-01

    Cuttlefish eggs and juveniles grow inshore where anthropic contamination is high. Following studies on the impact of trace metals on Sepia officinalis egg stage, this work intends to determine the sensitivity of cuttlefish juvenile stage against the trace metal zinc, using diverse biomarkers. Our results showed the low ability of juvenile cuttlefish to regulate the assimilation of dissolved zinc, resulting in an important zinc-sensitivity. Non-lethal exposures (i.e. < 200 μg L -1 ) for period...

  6. Drinking-water hydropower station 'Loye' in Grone, Switzerland - Feasibility study; Petite centrale hydro-electrique de Loye sur le reseau d'eau potable de la commune de Grone. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-11-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) describes a small hydropower project to be realised in Grone, southern Switzerland. The system planed is described. This provides the necessary pressure reduction in the drinking-water supply system between the springs in the mountains and the reservoir in the valley whilst generating electrical power at the same time. A one-injector Pelton turbine that meets all drinking-water quality requirements is used to generate 48 kW of electrical power using the pressure obtained from the height-difference of around 164 metres. The forecast electricity production amounts to 283,000 kWh/y, of which 88,000 kWh in the wintertime. The expected production cost is 0.219 CHF/kWh. A 550 m long pipeline has to be replaced.

  7. Facebook guide pratique à l'usage des villes, des communes et des CPAS : améliorer la visibilité d'administrations belges grâce aux réseaux sociaux

    CERN Document Server

    Meuleman, François

    2014-01-01

    Croire que les réseaux sociaux sont simples parce qu'ils sont utilisés par des enfants est une ineptie : rien n'y est facile. Le WEB 2.0 n'est pas complexe pour autant... Il faut, comme pour toute chose technique, maîtriser certains prérequis. Il convient également d'éviter certains pièges. Placer sa ville, son administration et son CPAS sous les feux du WEB n'est jamais sans risque. Créer son compte, gérer ses membres, publier des avis, créer des liens, choisir des documents... Tout cela nécessite en effet de la méthode, des précautions et quelques astuces. Ce guide pratique reprend étape pa

  8. Évaluation du risque phytosanitaire lié à la consommation de la laitue (Lactuca sativa cultivée dans la commune de Port-Bouët (Abidjan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brou Lazare YAO

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of agrochemicals may be a public health problem because the pesticides residues in food can have drawbacks on human health. This work aimed to evaluate health risk associated to the consumption of lettuce. Pesticide residues were determined by HPLC and toxicological indicators (Estimated Daily Intake and the Theoretical Maximum Daily Intake were calculated and compared to the acceptable daily intake. The results showed that 83.3% of lettuce samples contained at least one pesticide whose content is above the maximum residue limit. The risk assessment showed that 1.7% of lettuce consumers were exposed to chronic effects of maneb; 1.7% lettuce consumers are likely to develop the chronic effects of carbendazim. For the ethyl chlorpyrifos, chlorothalonil, cypermethrin, dimethoate and lambdacyhalothrin, respectively 20.9%, 68.4%, 87.2% and 97.1% of lettuce consumers were exposed to the chronic effects of these pesticides.

  9. Cycle annuel d'activité de la truite commune (Salmo trutta L. adulte : Étude par radio-pistage dans un cours d'eau de l'Ardenne belge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OVIDIO M.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Sur une durée totale d'expérience de vingt-six mois, vingt truites (26,0-57,0 cm LF ; 198-1 685 g ont été quotidiennement suivies par radio-pistage dans l'Aisne (affluent de l'Ourthe durant des périodes variant de 466 à 16 jours selon les individus et les contraintes techniques expérimentales, notamment la durée de vie des batteries. Il apparaît que l'amplitude et la fréquence des mouvements sont le plus élevées d'octobre à décembre, pendant la période de reproduction. Les migrations vers l'amont (max. : 25 km ont principalement lieu en octobre et pendant la première quinzaine de novembre et sont déclenchées par des variations combinées du niveau d'eau et de la température, dans une gamme thermique précise (10°C à 14°C. Le frai (de la deuxième quinzaine de novembre à la fin décembre a lieu dans le cours principal (largeur maximale : 10 m ou dans de petits affluents. Les truites qui survivent effectuent un homing post-reproducteur rapide (max. : 9 200 m en 24 h et précis. En dehors du contexte de la reproduction, les déplacements sont moins longs et correspondent essentiellement à des changements alternés de gîtes dans un domaine vital bien défini dont la longueur est corrélée avec la taille des truites. En mars et juin, certaines truites effectuent des migrations unidirectionnelles de grande amplitude vers l'amont dont la signification biologique est inconnue. Les résultats sont discutés dans le contexte des stratégies de vie de la truite et de la gestion des populations.

  10. Retrofitting the small-scale hydro power plant of Chable, municipality of Vionnaz, Switzerland - Feasibility study; Rehabilitation de la petite centrale de Chable, Commune de Vionnaz (VS) - Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-15

    A small-scale 200 kW hydro power plant has been installed 1988 on the drinking water supply system of the municipality of Vionnaz, Switzerland. It uses the elevation difference of 700 m between the springs in the mountains and the village in the Rhone river valley. A full refurbishment is suggested to improve the system efficiency and increase the water volume delivered to the turbine. The current status of the system has been evaluated. The replacement of the turbine is proposed. The water supply network of the mountain resort of Torgon located on the territory of Vionnaz should be connected to the existing reservoir ahead of the penstock. The penstock itself should be partly or totally replaced. In this way the yearly power production of 1,430 MWh could be increased by up to a factor of 2 at the attractive cost of CHF 0.06 to 0.09 per kWh, depending on the implemented variant.

  11. Les sociétés insulaires de la Mer Égée au temps de la domination ottomane. Routes communes et trajectoires séparées

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitris Dimitropoulos

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available L'objectif de ce texte est d'identifier les éléments qui ont joué un rôle unificateur et, respectivement, les facteurs qui ont différencié les îles de la mer Égée, pendant la domination ottomane. Il traite notamment du rôle qu'ont joué l'emplacement géographique, l'insularité, et la grandeur de chaque île, dans la formation de leur économie et la constitution des sociétés locales. L'argumentation se concentre surtout sur les petites îles de l'Égée et sur des sujets comme la forme et le type des bourgades, le caractère de leur fortification et son évolution, le rôle et les effets du pouvoir ottoman dans les institutions locales et l'administration communale, le caractère de l'économie insulaire et ses rapports avec la mer, les réseaux de communication entre les insulaires et l'évolution indépendante et particulière de chaque île, les déplacements des populations de et vers les îles, la migration et la mobilité des groupes professionnels à l'intérieur ou à l'extérieur de la région de l'Égée, et enfin le rôle des monastères dans le développement des réseaux de communication dans l'espace insulaire.

  12. Retrofitting of the small hydro electric scheme 'Moulin d'en Bas' in Cronay, Switzerland - Preliminary project; Rehabilitation du Moulin d'en Bas, commune de Cronay. Etude d'avant-projet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-09-15

    This illustrated final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is a feasibility study for the retrofitting of the small hydro electric scheme 'Moulin d'en Bas' located in Cronay on the Mentue river, Switzerland. Two variants are considered. In the first one the existing scheme uses a 4.72 m water fall and its power amounts to about 25 kW. A 4-blades Kaplan turbine is foreseen to generate 160,000 kWh/y. In the second variant, weir and penstock have to be adapted in order to take advantage of the full 6.74 m water fall indicated in the water-use concession granted in 1952. A new fish pass has to be built as well. The resulting electric power is in this case 80 kW and the power generation by the turbo group 353,000 kWh/y, about 60% of which in the wintertime. Electricity production cost is estimated to be 0.282 CHF/kWh in the second variant.

  13. Feasibility study on the potential of development of renewable energies of the Belzeve-et-Belles ZAC - Marseillan (34). Impact study of the Belzeve-et-Belles ZAC (commune of Marseillan)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-01-01

    A first document presents the site, reports an assessment of energetic needs according to a scenario, gives an overview of presently used energy sources (electric and gas networks), proposes a brief assessment of potential sources of renewable energies while mentioning local and regional constraints, and then more particularly assesses each potential renewable energy production (solar, wind, geothermal, heat pump, biomass). It also analyses possibilities related to public lighting, and to the development of a heat network. A second report contains the impact study with a description of the initial situation (presentation of the site with its urban context, and of its environment from different points of view, recommendations), a presentation of the project (with its justification), an analysis of its effects (permanent, indirect, cumulated effects and impacts), a presentation of measures aimed at reducing or compensating these effects, and a cost assessment

  14. Les graffitis de l'habitation La Caravelle dite « Château Dubuc » presqu’île de la Caravelle, commune de la Trinité Martinique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-France Barouh

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Sous l’escalier, à l’abri de la pluie et des canonnades ennemies, les gardes nationaux de Trinité s’apprêtent à repousser les Britanniques, entre le 5 et le 6 février 1794. A l’aide d’une pointe, ils gravent dans l’enduit du mur le type des navires amarrés devant l’îlet Trésor et l'îlet Monsieur, tandis que le gros des troupes d’invasion débarque à la rivière du Galion. Pris à revers, les défenseurs se replient vers la Redoute de Beauséjour puis sur le Vert-Pré en laissant ce témoignage de leurs observations.

  15. Vaye-Planaz drinking-water hydro-power installation; Petite centrale hydro-electrique de Vaye-Planaz sur le reseau d'eau potable de la commune de Grone. Etude de faisabilite. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-02-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the concept for a hydro-power installation that uses an existing drinking-water supply system. The report takes a look at the present situation which features ground-water sources, a transport pipeline and two reservoirs. The concept for the use of the available water pressure due to height-difference to drive a turbine and so generate electricity is described. Variants considered are reviewed. Investment and operating costs are examined as are the electricity production and the cost of the power generated. Finally, investments and other financial aspects are looked at and the further course of action is discussed.

  16. Icogne irrigation-network hydro-power installation; Petite centrale hydro-electrique sur le reseau d'irrigation de la commune d'Icogne. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordonier, N.; Rey, G. [Nicolas Cordonier et Gilles Rey SA, Sierre (Switzerland)

    2007-01-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the feasibility study for a hydro-power installation that uses an existing municipal irrigation scheme in the alpine region of Icogne, Switzerland. The report takes a look at the present situation which features, apart from the irrigation scheme itself, mountain torrents and artificial compensation lakes. The concept for the use of the available water pressure due to height-difference between these two lakes to drive a turbine and so generate electricity is described. Variants considered are reviewed. Investment and operating costs are examined as are the electricity production and the cost of the power generated. Finally, investments and other financial aspects are looked at and the further course of action is discussed.

  17. Adding a hydroelectric power station to the public water supply of St-Jean; Projet de construction d'une centrale hydraulique sur le reservoir principal de la commune de St-Jean. Etude d'avant projet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perruchoud, A. [Sierre Energie SA, Sierre (Switzerland); Denis, V. [MHyLab, Montcherand (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    Drinking water for the community of St-Jean, southwestern Switzerland is collected at three different locations with altitudes of 2004, 1998 and 1958 m respectively, and is fed into a common chamber at 1933 m. The project foresees the construction of an intermediate reservoir at the elevation of 1460 m, the total hydraulic head of 473 m being used to drive a Pelton turbine of 110 kW nominal power. The useful net height difference after deduction of the pressure drop in the piping is 373 meters at a typical water flow rate of 0.034 m{sup 3}/s. At this flow rate the turbine efficiency is estimated to 0.89. The asynchronous generator rotates at 1500 rpm and has a nominal electric power output of 125 kW. The estimated annual production amounts to 450,000 kWh and the investment costs to 449,000 Swiss francs. Depending on the time of amortization assumed (20 to 40 years), the production cost is estimated to 0.0615 to 0.0845 Swiss francs/kWh, a value considered favorable for the realization of the project.

  18. Fluoride intake in preschoolers from two different communes in Santiago, Chile = Ingestão de flúor em crianças pré-escolares de duas comunidades em Santiago, Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Alfredo Apip

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é determinar a ingestão de flúor em crianças pré-escolares entre 3 e 5 anos, algumas delas pertencentes à comuna de Maipú sem F-na água de abastecimento do município e um outro Peñalolen, com suplemento de F a água Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal observacional, 200 crianças de 5 a 3 anos de idade com boa saúde geral, baixo estatuto social, de quatro pertencentes ao Jardim de Infância do Jardim Nacional (JUNJI) da Região Metropolitana, dois da comuna...

  19. Power generation using the irrigation water in the community of Venthone. Preliminary project; Turbinage des eaux d'irrigation de la commune de Venthone. Etude d'avant-projet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This final report prepared for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents a nice example of how electric power from renewable energy sources can be generated using an existing infrastructure. The irrigation system of Venthone in the southwestern Swiss Alps collects water from various mountain torrents into a reservoir at 885 m above sea level from where it is distributed over 3 branches to the vineyards. Due to various boundary conditions (especially the priority of the irrigation requirements) only a quarter of the full potential for power generation can be used, but nevertheless the project remains promising, providing electricity at a cost of 0.107 CHF/kWh. The usable height-difference amounts to 267 m and some pipe sections would have to be replaced by ones with larger diameters to avoid excessive pressure losses. The authors recommend a Pelton turbine with a single injector. Due to the lack of water in winter, power generation would be restricted to 8 months per year, i.e. mid-March to mid-November.

  20. Adding a small hydroelectric power plant to the irrigation system of the Liddes community. Feasibility study; Installation d'une petite centrale hydraulique sur le reseau d'irrigation de la commune de Liddes. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This final report prepared for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) examines the possibility of generating electric power with an irrigation system in the southwestern Swiss Alps. The water of the mountain torrent of Palasuit is collected at an altitude of 1620 m above sea-level in a reservoir. It is then passed through a pipeline to the distribution reservoir at 1450 m above sea-level. Among the various schemes studied, the most promising one comprises a Pelton turbine with 2 injectors that utilises a net height-difference of 162 meters. The resulting flow amounts to 150 l/s producing 197 kW of power. In order to achieve this flow, some sections of the pipeline must be replaced by ducts of a larger diameter. If the community of Liddes would obtain the permission to generate power during the whole year, the production would amount to 574,000 kWh/year and the resulting cost 0.090 CHF/kWh.

  1. Optimisation de l'utilisation des ressources communes dans le bassin arachidier du Sénégal : évaluation ex ante de plans et d'alternatives de gestion durable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanogo, D.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Optimizing the use of common resources in the groundnut basin of Senegal: An ex-ante evaluation of plans and alternatives for sustainable management. The preservation of inter village forestry and pastoral spaces (ESPIVs is an endogenous initiative, introduced by local communities in the groundnut basin of Senegal, to meet the combined effects of climate change and resource degradation. Located outside crop-growing areas, these community reserves are a source of fodder for livestock and for local transhumance, and they provide additional income for rural populations. The preservation of these ESPIVs is supported by management tools such as the Simple Management Plan (PSG and the Development and Management Plan (PAG. In some cases, the economic impact of these plans on poverty reduction at the community level is very noticeable. But in other cases, the expectations of the communities are not being met. This article is an ex-ante evaluation of the projected management plans of two ESPIVs in the groundnut basin of Senegal. The results show that simpler management options involving reduced areas would make only a small contribution to local development, even when consolidated with various incitative measures. Management options involving interventions in the infrastructure of vast areas with a high forest-product potential would have a positive impact on the economic surplus of the members of those communities, hence reinforcing possibilities for local development. However, this approach is controversial and simpler management options therefore need to be re-assessed. These simpler options would involve alternatives for revenue generation, such as taxation for access to common land resources by transhumant livestock and the marketing of non-ligneous forest products. This study shows the limits of PSG compared to PAG and proposes alternatives for improved approaches to managing ESPIVs. Thus, the study provides decision-makers with possible negotiating tracks in a situation requiring the sustainable management of common resources within a context of decentralization.

  2. Le grand livre de l'égalité femmes-hommes réfléchir autrement : agir pleinement

    CERN Document Server

    Pascal, V

    2016-01-01

    Faut-il attendre 100 ans pour vivre l'égalité pleine et entière entre les femmes et les hommes ? L'égalité femmes - hommes est un sujet Humain, d'hier, d'aujourd'hui et de demain. Les inégalités persistent, des solutions existent ! Quel que soit votre sexe, votre âge, votre statut, votre métier, votre culture... vous pouvez devenir acteur de ce changement. Valérie Pascal et Catherine Sexton vous invitent à : Réfléchir autrement sur les enjeux de l'égalité femmes - hommes. Ce livre vous donne un panorama sur l'évolution des droits des femmes et des lois en matière d'égalité. Il vous fait découvrir les multiples visions sur le genre, principalement sociales et scientifiques, et apporte des clés pour agir sur les stéréotypes inconscients, facteurs de sexisme. Agir pleinement : quatre leviers peuvent être activés simultanément : Les solutions légales et citoyennes. La gouvernance et la culture d'entreprise. Le développement de l'intelligence individuelle. Le renforcement de l'intellige...

  3. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      Bénéficiez du tarif spécial de 35 CHF/personne + 1 accompagnant au Théâtre de Carouge  en étant membre de l’Association du personnel.  Envoyez votre réservation par mail à smills@tcag.ch via votre adresse mail professionnelle. Indiquez la date de votre réservation, votre nom, prénom et numéro de téléphone. Une confirmation de réservation vous sera retournée par mail. La présentation de votre carte de membre sera demandée lors du retrait des billets.   De Molière – Mise en scène de Jean Liermier Argan, veuf, remarié avec Béline qui n’attend que la mort de son mari pour hériter, multiplie saignées, purges et autres ingestions de remèdes. Angélique, sa fille, vuet &a...

  4. Special offer

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2010-01-01

    Entrez en Harmony et découvrez… Un espace bien-être avec piscine, jacuzzi, hammam, sauna. Une offre de 65 cours collectifs dispensés par des professeurs diplômés, et de multiples possibilités de s’entraîner individuellement ou avec un coach. Un personnel expérimenté à votre écoute. Des locaux spacieux, lumineux, situés au centre de La Praille. Une garderie, des places de parking et 50 commerces, et une grande diversité de collations et jus de fruits frais. Prix corporate « spécial 10 ans » Plus de 20 % de rabais en 2010 Sur présentation de votre carte membre Votre contact: Sara Forestier 079 290 66 18

  5. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2010-01-01

    Nos services toujours disponibles : Notre bureau, toujours présent sur le site du CERN-Meyrin (Bât. 504), vous accueillera : du lundi au vendredi et de 13h00 à 16h00 Vous pouvez venir vous inscrire à Interfon et vous renseigner sur nos services, régler vos factures, commander votre fuel domestique ou votre bois de chauffage... Vous pouvez également déposer vos demandes de remboursement à votre mutuelle qui seront transmises chaque jour à nos services du Technoparc. chaque jeudi de 13h00 à 16h30 Une permanence de la Mutuelle se tient dans nos bureaux, au cours de laquelle tous les renseignements vous seront donnés sur nos prestations et leurs tarifs. * * * * * En attendant les beaux jours... L’Entreprise COSTE (à Divonne) offre ses services à nos sociétaires dans divers domaines : Entretien paysager (tonte des pelouses, taille des haies) ...

  6. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2013-01-01

    www.interfon.fr   Rendez-vous sur notre site pour toutes les « News » Interfon « News »   Nouveau partenaire chez Interfon Une équipe dynamique à votre service. Hall d’exposition de 350 m². Nous parlons l’anglais, l’italien et l’espagnol. Grand choix de produits et de marques. Paroi de douche haut de gamme. Venez nous rencontrer pour concrétiser vos projets. Présentez votre carte de sociétaire et profitez de 10 % (et plus) de remise sur l’ensemble de vos achats. ZA du Journans  -  RD1005  -  CESSY Tél : 04 50 41 75 35 www.falcocarrelage.com   « Partenaire confiance »  Jean Marc Pradera Création en architecture d’intérieur 25 ans d’expérience A votre serv...

  7. Offers

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    Si cette offre vous intéresse, merci d’envoyer un mail à mh.boulanger@comedie.ch avec le détail de votre réservation via votre adresse mail professionnelle. Le retrait des places se fait à la billetterie sur présentation de votre carte de membre de l’Association du personnel. Pour toute commande d’abonnement ou de carte de réduction par courrier ou internet, cocher le tarif collectif en indiquant le nom de l’entreprise et en joignant un justificatif nominatif. Pour tout renseignement, n’hésitez pas à contacter Marie-Hélène Boulanger : –  Tel. : 022 809 60 86 –  email : mh.boulanger@comedie.ch

  8. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2011-01-01

    Nouveau !!! Vous allez partir à la retraite…                                        ou vous l’êtes peut-être déjà… Avez-vous pensé comment organiser votre nouvelle vie ? Vous souhaitez déménager, changer de pays, engager des démarches administratives. Vous aurez à payer des impôts sur votre retraite, faire vos déclarations de vos revenus. Comment vous procurer un complément de retraite ? Comment organiser et gérer votre patrimoine ? Vos placements financiers sont-ils adapt&eacut...

  9. Globalization, Adjustment and the Challenge of Inclusive Growth ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Globalization, Adjustment and the Challenge of Inclusive Growth (Indonesia, Philippines and Viet Nam). This project seeks to better understand the challenge of inclusive growth in the context of ... the productivity-business cycle interaction. Dossiers. Industry churning, the labor market and workers' welfare. Dossiers.

  10. The Intercontinental Ballistic Missile and Post Cold War Deterrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-17

    Bonnetain, Hugues and Philippe Mazzoni. " Histoire De Missiles...Le 1er GMS Du Plateau D’Albion." http://www.capcomespace.net/dossiers/espace_europeen...Mazzoni, " Histoire De Missiles...Le 1er GMS Du Plateau D’Albion," http://www.capcomespace.net/dossiers/espace_europeen/albion/; Ministère de la Défense

  11. Sécurité alimentaire, pêches et aquaculture en Amazonie bolivienne ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-03-01

    Food security, fisheries and aquaculture in the Bolivian Amazon : final technical report (March 1, 2011 to February 28, 2014). Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. Pêches, aquaculture et bien vivre en Bolivie : contributions à la sécurité alimentaire. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. Fisheries, aquaculture and living well in Bolivia ...

  12. Gender and Citizenship in the Information Society in Asia | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dossiers. Migrant women domestic workers and freedom of communication in Taiwan : a case for barrier-free access to mobile phones as a basic right. Dossiers ... du Pakistan. Environ 70 % des 160 millions de Pakistanais vivent en milieu rural; or, près de 90 % des infrastructures de TIC se trouvent en région urbaine.

  13. Migrations, sexospécificités et justice sociale : faire le pont entre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Internal migration in India : addressing gendered vulnerabilities and access to rights. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. From temporary work to irregular status : the transition and experiences of Senegalese migrant women in Spain. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. Protecting rights and reducing stigma against Vietnamese ...

  14. MercoNet : renforcement de la recherche économique et stimulation ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dossiers. Regional integration and foreign direct investment : the potential impact of the FTAA and the EU-MERCOSUR agreement on FDI flows into MERCOSUR countries; winners and losers - brief. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. How to improve the socio-economic benefit of public private R&D partnerships in agricultural ...

  15. Merconet: Strengthening Economic Research and Fostering ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dossiers. How to improve the socio-economic benefit of public private R&D partnerships in agricultural biotechnology? : the case of cotton in Mercosur. Téléchargez le PDF. Dossiers. Regional integration and foreign direct investment : the potential impact of the FTAA and the EU-MERCOSUR agreement on FDI flows into ...

  16. Concept Note Guidelines - French

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    NCDP

    Toutes les dépenses liées aux services fournis par des consultants pour une acvité ... d'importaon, la taxe de vente ou l'assurance sur l'équipement après la ... audit. Si votre établissement recouvre habituellement ses coûts indirects en ...

  17. AMFIE

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    Nous attirons votre attention sur les réunions d'information sur l'AMFIE ouvertes à tous les membres du personnel (utilisateurs, titulaires, …) ainsi qu’aux retraités. Pour plus d’information voir l'article du Bulletin et http://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=184151.

  18. IDRA 2016 Technical FAQs Word doc_FR

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Centre Awards

    Cela prend un certain temps pour remplir le formulaire de demande en ligne. Le système vous permet de travailler à votre propre rythme. Vous pouvez téléverser un document, le sauvegarder, puis continuer plus tard. Le formulaire de demande comporte plusieurs pages, et il est possible de le remplir graduellement.

  19. Ce que nous avons à offrir | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI offre un environnement de travail stimulant dans lequel gravitent des gens qui partagent votre passion pour le développement international. Nous offrons des occasions continues d'apprentissage et de perfectionnement personnel sous la forme de conférences, de forums, de présentations et d'ateliers en ...

  20. La Collecte de renseignements personnels dans le contexte d'une ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    whoskin

    Le CRDI est assujetti à la Loi sur la protection des renseignements personnels, L.R.C. 1985, c. P-21. (http://www.canlii.org/ca/loi/p-21/). Les renseignements recueillis dans le contexte de votre demande, dont certains peuvent être de nature personnelle, peuvent comprendre notamment ce qui suit : • études et emplois ...

  1. PERTURBATIONS AU SERVICE ACCUEIL ET ENREGISTREMENT - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    ST/FM

    2002-01-01

    Nous vous informons que le lundi 28 octobre 2002, pendant les heures ouvrables, des perturbations seront à prévoir dans le fonctionnement du Service accueil et enregistrement ainsi que pour le Service serrurerie. Nous vous remercions par avance pour votre compréhension. ST/FM

  2. Les secrets de l'efficacité en faire plus... en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2006-01-01

    Comment gagner en efficacité grâce à une meilleure organisation et à une utilisation plus performante de l'informatique. Ce livre, rédigé par un spécialiste internationalement reconnu des méthodes d'optimisation du travail, vous fournit £ une méthode de hiérarchisation des tâches et 0 les règles qui vous permettront d'acquérir une meilleure organisation personnelle et collective. Il montre également % comment utiliser au mieux les outils informatiques (Internet, Intranet, groupware) pour parvenir à gagner en efficacité au bureau. Parce que les techniques qu'il propose ont été appliquées avec succès par plus d'1 million de personnes dans le monde, ce livre vous aidera vraiment. Grâce à ce livre vous apprendrez à : ° Mieux gérer votre emploi du temps en fonction de vos priorités, de vos responsabilités et de vos objectifs en établissant votre «carte de responsabilités» et en apprenant à déléguer. ° Mieux organiser le rangement des documents sur votre bureau, dans votre messag...

  3. 1 1) Pourquoi est-ce que je ne parviens pas à ouvrir les formulaires ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Faites vos calculs avec soin car votre demande pourrait ne pas être admissible.) 6) Existe-t-il une liste de pays admissibles dans lesquels mon établissement ou organisme est autorisé à travailler ou à avoir des partenaires ? Non, le CRDI n'a rien de tel; cependant, il ne soutient des travaux que dans les pays à faible.

  4. Publications | Page 84 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI collabore avec les chercheurs et les établissements des pays en développement ... Utilisez cet outil de recherche pour trouver une publication précise liée à votre ... La gestion de la demande en eau, un instrument de justice sociale.

  5. China Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-18

    Production Brigade of Guangbao Commune in raising chickens and rabbits in a big way. We must mobilize the commune member house- holds to utilize...The state and the commune, production brigades, and production teams operate fish farms, some of which raise fry . Why not go ahead with raising fish...Wei Xinyi, Huang Yu, Yang Jike, Guo Tixiang, Meng Fulin, Hu Tan, Zhu Nong, Fang Shiliang, Wang Zenong, Pan Ezhang, Liu Zhengwen, Chen Tianren, Ma

  6. Community of communes of the Haut-Forez mountains - Request for the creation of a wind energy development area. Wind energy project of the Haut-Forez mountains, Communes of La Chamba, La Cote-en-Couzan, Saint-Jean-la-Vetre, Loire district (42): Part 1: Exploitation authorisation request, Descriptive note; Part 2: Environmental impact study, Non technical summary. Opinion of the environmental authority on the exploitation authorisation request file for an installation classified in terms of environment and land cleaning authorisation. Public inquiry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poyet, Bertrand; Cabrol, Eric; Delpuech, Michel; Zoboli, Michel

    2012-04-01

    A first document presents the concerned area and the proposed wind energy development project. It details motivations for this proposal, and proposes a general presentation of the area (administrative and geographic description, climate context, soil use, hydrography, road network, social-economic structure). It reports a characterisation of the potential wind power production of the studied area, describes connection possibilities and perspectives. It reports an analysis of landscape and heritage issues and sensitivities, of issues related to natural heritage, to health and safety. A final synthesis discusses the compatibility of the project with its environment. The second report is the exploitation authorisation request by the developer. Its first part presents the operator, the installation, the operator's financial and technical capacities, and expenses related to the environment. The second part is a non technical summary of the environmental impact study performed for the project and its variants. The last documents contain the finally unfavourable opinion of the environmental authority on this project as a conclusion of the public inquiry

  7. Risque d'urgence neurologique grave et curable parmi les enfants présentant une crise d'épilepsie en contexte fébrile : un exemple d'utilisation des dossiers médicaux informatisés des urgences pour la recherche clinique

    OpenAIRE

    Guedj , Romain

    2017-01-01

    Febrile seizures (FS) affect 2% to 5% of children aged 6 months to 5 years of age. Although FS are usually benign, they are associated with serious treatable neurological emergencies. Nowadays, three factors are used to evaluate this risk: the age of the child, whether the FS is simple or complex and the features of the clinical exam. The performance of a lumbar puncture and an emergent neuroimaging are required in order to rule out these emergencies. However, a lumbar puncture is painful and...

  8. Apresentação do dossiê: Um olhar histórico sobre o rendimento escolar, o percurso dos alunos e a repetência - Presentation of dossier: An historical approach to school proceeds, the students course and the school failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália de Lacerda Gil, Brasil

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente dossiê visa a propor discussão acerca da presença, dos desempenhos e do movimento dos alunos na escola primária. Trata-se, em grande medida, dos resultados de esforços investigativos que vêm sendo empreendidos no âmbito do grupo de pesquisa História da escolarização no Brasil: políticas e discursos especializados que, desde 2011, integra professores doutores, doutorandos e mestrandos da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, da Universidade de São Paulo, da Universidade Estadual de Campinas e da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Os artigos trazem análises produzidas no âmbito da pesquisa Repetência e evasão na escola brasileira (1889-1930, que contou com financiamento do CNPq - processo n. 472882/2011-2 - e foi desenvolvida entre 2011 e 2014. Integra o presente dossiê também um artigo do pesquisador francês Jérôme Krop, cuja tese de doutoramento, defendida na Sorbonne em 2014, aborda o processo de expansão da escola obrigatória na França, entre 1870 e 1920, e algumas de suas contradições.A percepção acerca das insuficiências do alcance, em termos quantitativos e qualitativos, da escola obrigatória, ao longo dos séculos 19 e 20, motivou-nos a pesquisar questões em torno do fluxo dos alunos pelas séries da escola primária. Interessava-nos compreender como as dificuldades características do percurso dos alunos na escola, tais como a reprovação ou o abandono escolar, passaram a ser representativas da crise da educação nacional constantemente reafirmada no discurso educacional, mesmo nos dias atuais. Pretendia-se conhecer o discurso oficial, a produção e interpretação das estatísticas, a definição das políticas educacionais que instituíram e consolidaram um modelo escolar e sua relação com o tempo, o ritmo e a qualidade na escola. Interessava, ainda, apreender os debates sobre o rendimento do ensino e o fracasso escolar, em especial a partir do exame da imprensa periódica educacional e dos manuais de psicologia.Partia-se da hipótese de que a repetência surgiu com a difusão da escola seriada e o acesso à instrução por segmentos cada vez mais amplos da população. O olhar detido sobre o tema permitiu que percebêssemos que os processos de exclusão escolar acompanham a história desta instituição mesmo antes da implantação da escola seriada mas, efetivamente, é no estabelecimento do ritmo anual seriado que o fenômeno adquire uma feição quantificável. Também é notável que até os anos 1930 se configura a compreensão de que todos devem chegar à escola e nela permanecer por certo tempo, de modo que o abandono dos estudos perde em parte, pouco a pouco, a feição de seletividade natural que tinha até então.A pesquisa optou por assumir como fonte principal a escrita produzida por órgãos de governo, bem como a escrituração burocrática oriunda da prática docente, buscando apreender as representações - compreendidas como práticas, culturais e políticas - características desse meio e período. Nesse sentido, o que se pretendeu foi ver como esses discursos se organizam, como dialogam entre si, como são dados a ler, colaborando na construção e legitimação de uma determinada interpretação sobre as questões propostas. Outra fonte fundamental foram os periódicos especializados e manuais destinados à formação docente, que permitiram apreender o embate em torno das representações acerca do tema de interesse.A abordagem no exame desses documentos, contudo, difere de acordo com o que cada pesquisador envolvido no projeto privilegiou focalizar. De modo geral, a análise dos discursos educacionais e especializados é assumida como elemento central, sendo os discursos compreendidos como práticas. Considera-se, assim, que as diversas produções discursivas são representativas de segmentos da sociedade que, em disputa com outros, buscam exercer poder e fazer prevalecer algumas de suas concepções. Interessou, portanto, esquadrinhar esse movimento de luta simbólica que apresenta nos discursos investigados instigantes evidências do que estava em debate no período.Os resultados obtidos até o momento, e que estão presentes nos artigos que compõem este dossiê, parecem reafirmar a pertinência do estudo da temática e a necessidade na continuidade da investigação. Os textos a seguir permitem, desde já, a apreciação de aspectos relevantes acerca dessas questões.Em O tempo, a idade e a permanência na escola: um estudo a partir dos livros de matrícula (Rio Grande do Sul, 1895-1919, Natália de Lacerda Gil e Joseane El Hawat analisam livros de matrícula a fim de compreender as idades predominantes dos indivíduos que frequentavam a escola e por quanto tempo, em média, eles permaneciam na instituição. Essa investigação evidencia que os alunos ficavam pouco tempo numa mesma escola e permite avançar na hipótese de que a duração do período de escolarização estava pautada muito mais por aspectos da vida familiar do que pelas razões propriamente escolares.O artigo Meritocracia e os usos da repetência na escola primária pública francesa de 1850 ao início do século 20, de Jérôme Krop, permite vislumbrar o caráter excludente da reprovação dos alunos em início da escolarização, resultando na acentuação das desigualdades educacionais, apesar dos esforços de modernização pedagógica empreendidos pelos republicanos franceses num importante período de expansão da escola primária naquele país. Em seguida, propomos acompanhar semelhante questão para o caso do Distrito Federal.Sobre as estatísticas educacionais oficiais, nesse caso em Minas Gerais, que Sandra Maria Caldeira-Machado e Fernanda Cristina Campos da Rocha abordam no artigo A invisibilidade dos problemas de percurso dos alunos: dos registros escolares à fabricação das estatísticas educacionais oficiais (Minas Gerais, 1907-1917. As autoras enfatizam o fato de que, na passagem dos registros produzidos nas escolas para a contabilização assumida pelas estatísticas oficiais, nem todos os dados são preservados, evidenciando exclusões e agrupamentos que incidem sobre as maneiras de compreender as questões descritas quantitativamente e, por consequência, potencialmente sobre as maneiras de agir em face dos problemas.Em A repetência e os serviços escolares da capital federal nos anos 1930, André Paulilo investiga os modos de quantificar o rendimento dos alunos utilizados pela gestão pública do Distrito Federal, entre 1931 e 1935, e o debate acerca das estratégias para conter a evasão e a repetência que esses números fazem ver como problema crescente. Neste sentido, o autor enfatiza a importância da investigação da produção das estatísticas educacionais no delineamento de questões assumidas como problemas a serem enfrentados pela gestão pública.Por fim, Ana Laura Godinho Lima e Luciana Maria Viviani, no artigo Conhecimentos especializados sobre os problemas de rendimento escolar: um estudo de manuais de psicologia e da Revista de Educação, analisam os discursos da pedagogia e da psicologia que versam sobre a questão do rendimento escolar. As autoras apontam para os modos pelos quais os estudos científicos são erigidos e apropriados como forma de enfrentamento dos problemas referentes às dificuldades de aprendizagem dos escolares.Esperamos que vocês apreciem a leitura! 

  9. Special document: which energies for tomorrow? Fossil, renewable, nuclear, hydrogen energies; the CEA of Saclay at the heart of the research; energy, greenhouse effect, climate; Dossier special: quelles energies pour demain? Energies fossiles, renouvelables, nucleaires, hydrogene; le Centre CEA de Saclay au coeur de la recherche; energie, effet de serre, climat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon

    2003-04-01

    The Cea devotes many research programs in the energy domain and especially in the development of new energetic solutions: hydrogen program, photovoltaic program, energy conservation domain and improvement of energy production systems. In this framework, this document presents synthetical information on the France situation in the world energy space and on the Cea Saclay researches. The energy policy and the electric power in France, the fossil energies, the nuclear energy, the renewable energies, the hydrogen and the fuel cell, the greenhouse effect and the climatology are detailed. (A.L.B.)

  10. Agribusiness and fragmentation in the argentinean agro: From margination to an alternative proposalDossier: The place of the family in Argentina's agricultural production (1960-2008 Agrobusiness y fragmentación en el agro argentino: Desde la marginación hacia una propuesta alternativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Oscar García

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 2008, the political discussion about export rights of cereals and oleaginous with the higher presence in the agrarian productive national process has put, inadvertently, on the general debate the argentinean "field" as an issue. This paper, then, pretends to be a contribution to a better knowledge of the accumulation dynamic present in the national agrarian sector because without its global appreciation its impossible to move forward in the construction of future scenarios. The present document has as main objectives: a to discuss the heterogeneous profile that takes the productive and social structure of the contemporary argentinean agro, and b to propose strategies of public policies tending to put the social actors, without distinction, in the capacity of make decisions about the organization of their territories. Finally, we consider that the access to the land property, the possibility of re-conversion, the capitalization, the relationship between local actors with direct and indirect incidence in the production, the relationship conditions with commercialization agents and the establishment or consolidation of regulation organisms are strategic elements for a public policy that looks for a structural transformation of the situations of subordination, which are not and will not be modify through a devaluation or an increase of international prices.Desde 2008, la discusión pública sobre los derechos de exportación de los cereales y oleaginosas con mayor presencia en el proceso productivo agrario nacional ha puesto, insospechadamente, en el debate generalizado la cuestión del "campo" argentino. Este aporte, entonces, quiere ser una contribución a un mejor conocimiento de la dinámica de acumulación presente en el sector agrario nacional sin cuya apreciación global es imposible avanzar en la construcción de escenarios a futuro. El documento que presentamos tiene como objetivo esencial: a discutir el heterogéneo perfil que asume contemporáneamente la estructura productiva y social del agro argentino, y b proponer estrategias de política pública tendientes a colocar a los actores sociales, sin distinción alguna, en capacidad de decidir una organización para sus respectivos territorios. Finalmente, consideramos que el acceso a la propiedad de la tierra, la posibilidad de reconversión, la capitalización, la relación entre actores locales con incidencia directa e indirecta en la producción, las condiciones de relacionamiento con agentes comercializadores y el establecimiento o consolidación de organismos reguladores son elementos estratégicos para una política pública que persiga una transformación estructural de las situaciones de subordinación, las que no son ni serán modificables mediante una devaluación o un incremento de precios internacionales.

  11. État des lieux : VIH et grossesse en Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur Ouest (PACA Ouest)Étude rétrospective sur dossiers dans 27 hôpitaux de la région (PACA Ouest) (2013-2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, Alicia

    2016-01-01

    Context: In France, about 1500 women suffering from human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) give birth. The region Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur (PACA) is the second most affected by HIV in metropolitan France, after Ile de France.Objectives: Estimate the number of pregnant women suffering from HIV who gave birth between January 2013 and December 2014 in West PACA, assess the difference between the therapeutics used and their adaptation during the pregnancy of women suffering from HIV.Method: A desc...

  12. Software aspects of the Geant4 validation repository

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotti, Andrea; Wenzel, Hans; Elvira, Daniel; Genser, Krzysztof; Yarba, Julia; Carminati, Federico; Folger, Gunter; Konstantinov, Dmitri; Pokorski, Witold; Ribon, Alberto

    2017-10-01

    The Geant4, GeantV and GENIE collaborations regularly perform validation and regression tests for simulation results. DoSSiER (Database of Scientific Simulation and Experimental Results) is being developed as a central repository to store the simulation results as well as the experimental data used for validation. DoSSiER is easily accessible via a web application. In addition, a web service allows for programmatic access to the repository to extract records in JSON or XML exchange formats. In this article, we describe the functionality and the current status of various components of DoSSiER as well as the technology choices we made.

  13. Software Aspects of the Geant4 Validation Repository

    CERN Document Server

    Dotti, Andrea; Elvira, Daniel; Genser, Krzysztof; Yarba, Julia; Carminati, Federico; Folger, Gunter; Konstantinov, Dmitri; Pokorski, Witold; Ribon, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    The Geant4, GeantV and GENIE collaborations regularly perform validation and regression tests for simulation results. DoSSiER (Database of Scientic Simulation and Experimental Results) is being developed as a central repository to store the simulation results as well as the experimental data used for validation. DoSSiER is easily accessible via a web application. In addition, a web service allows for programmatic access to the repository to extract records in JSON or XML exchange formats. In this article, we describe the functionality and the current status of various components of DoSSiER as well as the technology choices we made.

  14. Research Report: Female Councilor Forums as a capacity building in the decentralization process of Cambodia. A personal view of an unforgettable stay in Cambodia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgen, Maraile

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2001, the Royal Government of Cambodia introduced the decentralization reform in Cambodia, with the enactment of the Law on Elections of Commune/Sangkat Councils and the Law on Administration and Management of Communes/Sangkats. Decentralization means that certain rights, responsibilities and resources are transferred from the central level of government to the democratically elected Communes/Sangkats. Decentralization aims to promote democracy and to improve the living conditions of the population. Citizens have the opportunity to influence decisions on local matters and have the right to elect the members of the Commune/Sangkat Council. In February 2002 the first commune council elections were held in all 1,621 com-munes with 11,261 councilors elected. Depending on the size of the commune, between five and eleven members are working on the council. Although the 1993 constitution guarantees equality between men and women and the government is mainstreaming gender across all major policy initiatives, only 8.5% (983 of these elected councilors are female. This shows that women are still under-represented in Cambodian politics. However, tasks for Cambodian commune councilors are to interact in local com-munes affairs and to be agents of the central government. In terms of local commune affairs, female as well as male councilors have the duties to support the development of the Commune/Sangkat and the well-being of its residents. The councils are close to the citizens and therefore in a good position to find out about their needs and interests in order to develop programs that improve the living standards of their people. The work and conditions on the council can be really challenging and councilors daily have to face new problems. Therefore some ca-pacity buildings for councilors are already implemented.

  15. Potencjał turystyczny Roztocza Tomaszowskiego na przykładzie gminy miejsko-wiejskiej Krasnobród

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brzezińska-Wójcik, Teresa; Skowronek, Ewa

    2009-01-01

    The urban-rural commune of Krasnobród, situated in the central part of Tomaszów Roztocze, ranks among the top seven communes in the Lublin Province with regard to the volume of tourist traffic. It is also the most dynamically developing tourist area in Roztocze. Features of the natural environment, including its therapeutic properties, historical and cultural determinants and the state of tourist infrastructure constitute the most significant internal factors determining the intensity of tourism-related phenomena in the commune. The most important external factor is the commune's location within the Krasnobród Landscape Park and in the vicinity of the Roztocze National Park. An analysis of the determinants of tourism development in the commune revealed a wide range of forms of tourism, most notably recreational, wellness, adventure, sightseeing and religious tourism. The structure of the tourism potential of the town and commune of Krasnobród was analysed, enabling the identification of its strengths and weaknesses as well as the opportunities and threats to the development of tourism. The results achieved may prove helpful in adjusting the commune's tourist offer to the needs of a specific customers, diversifying the tourist offer, determining a suitable direction of the development of tourism in the commune and minimising conflicts between tourism and the natural environment.

  16. Acute undifferentiated fever in Binh Thuan province, Vietnam: imprecise clinical diagnosis and irrational pharmaco-therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Phuong, Hoang L.; de Vries, Peter J.; Nagelkerke, Nico; Giao, Phan T.; Hung, Le Q.; Binh, Tran Q.; Nga, Tran T. Thanh; Nam, Nguyen V.; Kager, Piet A.

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of patients consulting commune primary healthcare posts for acute undifferentiated fever not being malaria (AUF), and to explore the diagnostic and therapeutic responses of the healthcare workers. METHODS: All patients presenting with AUF at 12 commune

  17. Community Level Risk Factors for Maternal Mortality in Madagascar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    using a unique, nationwide panel of communes (i.e., counties). ... à Madagascar en utilisant un panel national unique de communes (c. ... maternal death one of the leading causes of death ... find that factors like female wages and literacy are .... The poverty gap measures how ..... The previous evidence of the effects of.

  18. Gap in air pollution reduction measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kamphuis, E.; Spijker, E.

    2006-01-01

    The air quality dossier in the Netherlands requires drastic cleaning of the vehicles fleet. However, the present measures are too much focused on the installation and use of soot filters. Other options to improve the air quality are discussed [nl

  19. Wind energy and local development; Eolien et developpement local

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Depreste, B. [Ministere de l' Amenagement du Territoire et de l' Environnement, 75 - Paris (France); Beutin, Ph. [Agence de l' Environnement et de la Maitrise de l' Energie, ADEME, 75 - Paris (France); Cabanes, A. [Communes du Canton de Saint Agreve, 07 (France); Puig, J.; Jochen, T. [BWE, Berlin (Germany); Gunnar boye, Olesen [Danish Organisation for Renewable Energy (Denmark); Preben, Maegaard; Bidal, J.L. [FNSEA, 75 - Paris (France); Hartmann, Ch. [Confederation Paysanne, Alsace (France); Jedliczka, M.; Quantin, J.

    2002-04-01

    This issue of Cler Info journal includes a dossier about the development of wind energy in France and in some other European countries (Spain, Germany, Denmark) and about its economical impact at the local scale. (J.S.)

  20. Coordonnateur, Gestion des documents | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Classifier, indexer, faire des références croisées et identifier les documents relatifs aux projets et aux activités administratives du CRDI en attribuant, conformément au plan de classification des documents du Centre, le numéro de dossier et le titre appropriés de chaque dossier et les mots-clés servant à la recherche;.

  1. GPS & Galileo. Friendly Foes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    some of their data, others employ different techniques. United States defense contractor Lockheed Martin developed an anti-jam GPS receiver in 2000 for...Europe in a New Generation of Satellite Navigation Services,” European Commission (9 Feb 1999): 16. 25. Ibid. 26. Anne Jolis , “Problems Run Rampant...European Outer Space,” Euro Topics (19 March 2007), found at http://www.eurotopics.net/en/presseschau/archiv/archiv_dossier/DOSSIER15435. 40. Jolis

  2. A portfolio of academic, therapeutic practice and research work : including an investigation of counselling psychologists' experience of the role of body in the therapeutic encounter

    OpenAIRE

    Kouloumbri, Maria

    2013-01-01

    This portfolio was submitted to the University of Surrey for the completion of the Doctorate (PsychO) in Psychotherapeutic and Counselling Psychology. It is comprised of three dossiers which reflect the academic, clinical and research work undertaken as part of this degree. The academic dossier consists of three essays. The first essay presents Freud's dream interpretation theory and Jung's dream theory and elaborates on the features of each theory respectively. The second e...

  3. Editorial: Para una historia de la guerra y de las milicias. Siglos XVI a XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Inés Bonnett Vélez

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available En su dossier, el número 16 de la revista Historia Y MEMORIA explorará las formas que han caracterizado las guerras y la organización de las milicias en occidente, durante el mundo moderno. Tres grandes cuestiones interesan al dossier. La importancia de la guerra en la disciplina de la Historia, las categorías empleadas para nombrarla y el carácter cambiante de la guerra.

  4. Cárie dentária em pré-escolares de comunidades com e sem fluoretação de agua no Chile = Dental caries in preschoolers from communes with fluoridated and non-fluoridated public water supplies in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yévenes López, Ismael

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência e severidade da doença cárie dentária em crianças pré-escolares de 3 a 5 anos de idade em creches no Chile, localizadas em uma comunidade sem fluoretação da água de abastecimento público e em outra comunidade com agua fluoretada. Metodologia: Delineamento do estudo: observacional, transversal. A amostra foi composta por 200 crianças de 3 a 5 anos, com boa saúde geral, pertencentes a baixos estratos sociais, de quatro creches da Região Metropolitana de Santiago, dois do município de Maipú sem fluoretação da água de abastecimento público e duas do município de Peñalolén com fluoretação desde 1996, com concentração de flúor de 0,6 mg/L. A metodologia da OMS foi utilizada para o registro da percentagem de crianças livres de cárie e o índice cpod foi usado para medir a severidade da doença. Resultados: A porcentagem de crianças livres de cárie foi de 24% em Maipú e 55% em Peñalolén, com índice cpod de 3,38 e 1,84, respectivamente. Estes resultados aumentaram com a idade. Conclusão: A prevalência e severidade da cárie dentária em pré-escolares de 3 a 5 anos em Maipú (agua não fluoretada foram superiores aos observados em Peñalolén (água fluoretada

  5. Using the drinking water of the Municipality of St-Gingolph, Switzerland for power generation - Preliminary study; Turbinage des eaux potables de la commune de St-Gingolph. 1{sup ere} partie: Source de la Tine - Palier superieur. 2{sup e} partie: Sources de la Tine et de Clarive - Palier inferieur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moukhliss, H.

    2008-07-15

    This illustrated report subdivided in two parts presents the preliminary study of a project aiming at installing two small-scale hydroelectric schemes on the drinking water supply network of the Municipality of St-Gingolph, Switzerland. The upper-spring (La Tine) water can be used in a 44 kW hydro power scheme (elevation difference: 121 m; water volume through the turbine: 1,240,000 m{sup 3}/y). This water could be added to the one from the Clarive spring, enabling the installation a second hydro power scheme with a power of 291 kW (elevation difference: 337 m; water volume through the turbine: 2,740'000 m{sup 3}/y). The estimated cost of the produced electricity is attractive: CHF 0.16/kWh for the La Tine scheme; CHF 0.11 for the Clarive scheme. The author recommends the construction of both schemes.

  6. La Tourette site - Project of extension of the wind farm on the commune of Paizay-Le-Tort. Exploitation authorisation request file for an installation classified for the protection of the environment. Non technical summary of the environmental impact study. Non technical summary of the hazard study, Opinion of the administrative authority competent in the field of the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-03-01

    A first report proposes an analysis of the initial condition of the concerned site through a description of physical (administrative geography, climate, topography and geology, risks, hydrology), natural (remarkable natural spaces, land use, habitats and flora, fauna, green and blue belt), and human (demography, activities, cultural heritage) environments. The next part presents the general context of the project (energy needs, stakes of wind energy, general presentation of the project, implantation hypothesis, project justification in the national context). The next part proposes an analysis of impacts of the project: generalities on development effects, impacts during exploitation, synthesis of the assessment of Natura 2000 effects, synthesis of cumulated effects. The last part of this first report presents measures aimed at suppressing, reducing or compensating project impacts from the development phase until the dismantling phase. Various planning documents and schemes are provided. A report proposes an analysis of risks related to the wind farm project, and more particularly to the presence of wind turbines. The last document states the opinion of the environmental authority

  7. DIVERSIDAD EDUCATIVA EN EDUCANDOS DEL SISTEMA DE PROTECCION SOCIAL "CHILE SOLIDARIO"1 DE LA COMUNA DE VALPARAISO: RESULTADOS DE UN ESTUDIO EXPLORATORIO[ign]* [title language=en]Educative diversity in pupil of the system of social protection "Shared in common Chile" of the commune of Valparaiso: results of an exploratory study

    OpenAIRE

    Julio Maturana, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    El artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio exploratorio sobre la relación entre vulnerabilidad social y educativa en educandos que pertenecen a familias del Programa Puente y cursan segundo ciclo de educación parvularia y primer ciclo de educación básica. La relación se explora desde una perspectiva de educación inclusiva, con el propósito de discutir la "creencia" que plantea que dicha relación es directa, es decir, que por el solo hecho de pertenecer a este segmento socioeconómico te...

  8. Evolution des caractéristiques physico-chimiques de deux zones de frayères à sédimentation contrastée et premiers résultats de survie embryo-larvaire de truite commune (Salmo trutta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MASSA F.

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available L'impact chimique et physique de la sédimentation sur la survie d'oeufs de Salmonidés a été étudié dans la partie amont de deux ruisseaux d'un même bassin à production salmonicole contrastée : le Moulinet qui présente une faible population de truites et la Roche qui est un ruisseau très productif. Les matières en suspension et les sédiments déposés ont été collectés à un pas de temps de 8 ou 15 jours en 1996 et 1997 et les survies embryo-larvaires ont été estimées en parallèle, dans des incubateurs artificiels. Les taux de survie ont été déterminés à l'émergence en 1996 et de la fécondation à l'éclosion, puis de l'éclosion à l'émergence en 1997. Les paramètres chimiques de l'eau interstitielle (oxygène, pH, nitrates, nitrites et ammoniac ont été mesurés au pas de temps de la semaine pendant la période d'incubation 1997 sur des dispositifs enfouis dans le substrat du ruisseau et au moment de l'éclosion dans les incubateurs contenant les oeufs. Les premiers résultats montrent que les taux de survie embryo-larvaires sont nuls en 1996 et faibles en 1997 (0 à 11 %, moyenne : 3,3 % dans le ruisseau du Moulinet alors que parallèlement, la survie est de 20 % sur un incubateur en 1996 et varie de 0 à 23 % en 1997 (moyenne : 7,7 % dans le ruisseau de la Roche. De l'éclosion à l'émergence, les survies sont supérieures à 80 % dans les deux ruisseaux. La sédimentation est contrastée sur les deux sites, plus forte en masse dans le ruisseau de la Roche pendant la période d'incubation mais de granulométrie beaucoup plus grossière que dans le ruisseau du Moulinet (sableuse dominante contre argilolimoneuse. Les teneurs en oxygène dissous mesurées dans le substrat de la Roche restent élevées pendant toute la période d'incubation (teneur minimum de 5 mg/l et sont significativement supérieures à celles mesurées dans le ruisseau du Moulinet pendant la deuxième partie de l'incubation 1997. D'autre part, les teneurs en nitrates sont équivalentes à celles de l'eau de surface pour la Roche alors qu'elles sont significativement différentes de l'eau de surface pour le Moulinet. Les concentrations en nitrites et ammoniac recensées sont au maximum de 12,9 µg/l de N-NO2 et 2 µg/l de N-NH4 sur le Moulinet et de 11,4 µg/l de N-NO2 et 1,4 µg/l de N-NH4 pour la Roche. Les mortalités plus élevées sur le site du Moulinet pourraient être dues à une synergie de facteurs défavorables présents dans le milieu tels que la présence de faibles teneurs en oxygène et de nitrites, comme cela a été reporté dans la littérature pour des poissons adultes.

  9. Societes Eolienne du Camelia - Unique authorisation request presented by the Societe Eoliennes du Camelia company in view of exploitation of a wind farm comprising six wind turbines and two supply stations located on the territory of the commune of Reboursin. Complete file, Public observations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    This document first contains a Prefect decree authorising a public inquiry, the opinion produced by the public inquiry, the opinion of the environmental authority, the response of the operator to this opinion, and decrees extending the duration of the public inquiry. Then comes the complete file elaborated for the wind farm project: request file, architecture file, map, impact studies (ecology, landscape, sound, hazards), and plans

  10. Adding a small hydroelectric power plant to the drinking water supply of the Liddes community. Feasibility study; Installation d'une petite centrale hydraulique sur le reseau d'eau potable de la commune de Liddes. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The actual drinking water supply no longer satisfies the needs of the Liddes community (southwestern Switzerland). This final report prepared for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) describes the results of a study for an enhanced water supply system including a small hydroelectric power plant. The authors propose to collect the water of two sources of the mountain torrent Aron and to use the considerable pressure difference for power generation. Four variants have been studied differing in the exact height difference, the flow rate and the location of the turbine building. The recommended variant delivers a nominal flow of 18 l/s at difference in height of 377 m to a Pelton turbine equipped with a single injector, resulting in an electrical power output of 54 kW. Electrical power production would amount to 281,000 kWh/year and the production cost to 0.126 CHF/kWh.

  11. Collaboration for Land, Air, Sea, and Space Vehicles: Developing the Common Ground in Vehicle Dynamics, System Identification, Control, and Handling Qualities (La collaboration dans le domaine des vehicules terrestres, aeriens, maritimes et spatiaux: L’etablissement d’une approche commune de la dynamique des vehicules, l’identification des systemes, et les qualite’s de controle et de pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-11-01

    Sailplanes and X-Rudders, and Type 214 (right) with 79 Bowplanes and a Cruciform Tail Arrangement Figure 4.15 Theseus UUV 80 Figure 4.16 Some...for mine countermeasures and other purposes. A notable example was the 180 km out and back mission performed in 1996 by the cable-laying UUV Theseus ...predetermined response table. 80 Figure 4.15 - Theseus UUV Although autonomous UUVs are finding increasing application, Remotely Operated

  12. El discurso hegemónico sobre las acciones colectivas de resistencia civil: Casos comunas 8, 9 y 13 de Medellín The Hegemonic Discourse about Collective Actions of Civil Resistance: Cases Communes 8, 9 and 13 of Medellín

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Luz Alzate Zuluaga

    2010-01-01

    En este artículo se discute la manera cómo en la prensa escrita son informadas las distintas expresiones de resistencia civil, a partir del rastreo de la información registrada en la prensa escrita local y nacional acerca de los casos de las Comunas 8, 9 y 13 de la ciudad de Medellín durante los años 2002-2006. Se busca conocer así, de qué modo han sido descritas e interpretadas dichas prácticas, cuáles son las ausencias y los aspectos subrayados con lo emitido, qué relaciones de poder se leg...

  13. Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria en Personas Mayores atendidas en la red de Atención Primaria de Salud en la comuna de Chillán Viejo-Chile Instrumental activities of daily living of older people cared for at the Primary Health Care network in the commune of Chillan Viejo-Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Alejandra Lara Jaque

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Justificación. Estadísticas nacionales e internacionales demuestran que los equipos de salud tendrán que responder a la necesidad de cuidado de las personas mayores, reconociendo la trascendencia de la capacidad funcional como variable de evaluación de su estado de salud. Objetivo. Determinar características de las personas mayores que pueden influir en su capacidad funcional según las Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria. Diseño. Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo-correlacional de corte transversal. Resultados. De 136 individuos estudiados (61% mujeres y una edad promedio de 73,28 ± 6,77 años, se observó que las Actividades Instrumentales de la Vida Diaria dependen significativamente de: nivel de alfabetización (p=0,002, nivel de instrucción (p=0,024, participación comunitaria (p=0,007, estado nutricional (p=0,028 y depresión (p=0,018. Conclusión. Factores sociales, físicos y mentales se relacionan con la funcionalidad de las personas mayores. Es primordial la generación de políticas públicas de protección a este grupo de la población, con un enfoque multidisciplinario y sistémico.Justification. National and International statistics show that health teams will have to respond to the needs of caring for older people, considering the implication of the functional capacity as a variable of evaluation of their health condition. Objective. To determine those characteristics in older people that may influence their functional capacity, according to the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. Design. Quantitative, descriptive-correlational cross sectional study. Results. Out of 136 individuals studied (61% female and an average age of 73,28 ± 6,77 years old, it was observed that the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living depend significantly on: literacy level (p=0,002, instruction level (p=0,024, community participation (p=0,007, nutritional status (p=0,028 and depression (p=0,018. Conclusion. Social, physical and mental factors relate to the functionality of older people. It is fundamental to create public policies to protect this group in the population, with a cross functional and systemic approach.

  14. Modèles types de lettres et courriers électroniques

    CERN Document Server

    Fayet, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    Bien rédiger les lettres et mails professionnels renforce l'image de qualité de votre entreprise. La 2e édition de ce livre vous offre les clés essentielles pour améliorer la rédaction de votre courrier professionnel et vous propose, par le CD-Rom joint, des modèles de lettres et e-mails directement utilisables. Ils couvrent les situations les plus courantes rencontrées quotidiennement dans une entreprise : les demandes de renseignements, les commandes, les livraisons, les facturations, le recrutement, la gestion du personnel, les échanges avec les partenaires, les banques, les administrations. Indispensable pour rédiger des courriers efficaces, ce guide est un outil de travail incontournable pour tous salariés en charge de la rédaction du courrier, et particulièrement pour les secrétaires et assistantes.

  15. AVIS IMPORTANT ! - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Nous vous informons que l'agence de voyage Carlson Wagonlit Travel au CERN fermera ses portes le vendredi 19 décembre à 12h00 pour cause de travaux de rénovation. Une permanence sera mise en place uniquement pour les voyages officiels urgents (19 décembre, 12h00 - 17h00). L'agence sera de nouveau opérationnelle dès le lundi 5 janvier 2004 à 08h30. Nous vous remercions de votre compréhension et vous souhaitons d'ores et déjà de bonnes fêtes de fin d'année. Votre Team CARSLON WAGONLIT TRAVEL

  16. Visual arts club

    CERN Multimedia

    Club d'arts visuels

    2013-01-01

    Reprise des cours de l'atelier d'Arts Visuels du jeudi soir. Venez explorer votre potentiel de créativité à la découverte de nouvelles techniques, à la découverte de soi. Nous proposons divers sujets et diverses techniques. Votre professeur vous guide individuellement et permet donc à chacun de réaliser des œuvres uniques. Les cours ont lieu le jeudi soir de 18 à 20 heures, bâtiment 564 (baraque avant l'entrée dans le CERN). Sur demande, un cours débutants pourra être mis sur pied le mardi soir de 18 à 20 heures, même salle. Inscriptions auprès de Marie-Noëlle Fontaine (marie-noelle.fontaine@wanadoo.fr).

  17. Enquête de satisfaction Novae

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Novae lance une enquête de satisfaction auprès de ses clients. Vous pouvez accéder au questionnaire au sujet des trois restaurants d’entreprise du CERN en utilisant le lien et les codes ci-dessous. Le délai de réponse est fixé au jeudi 29 mai.   https://survey.mis-trend.ch/NOVAE Voici les codes à introduire (en respectant la casse) pour entrer dans le questionnaire, selon le site : CERN Restaurant n°1 : CERN114 CERN Restaurant n°2 : CERN214 CERN Restaurant n°3 : CERN314   Nous attirons votre attention sur le fait que tout questionnaire rempli sera validé. Nous vous prions donc de ne pas utiliser ce lien pour tester le questionnaire. Merci d’avance pour votre collaboration. L'équipe Novae

  18. OFFERS FOR OUR MEMBERS

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2013-01-01

    WALIBI Parking gratuit !! Et oui ! désormais le Parking au Parc Walibi est Gratuit !! 2 avantages à cela : - 5 euros d’économie par véhicule, une bonne nouvelle pour le budget ! - Plus d’attente à votre arrivée ! En effet vous êtes orienté à votre arrivée par notre équipe, mais plus d’arrêt ! N’hésitez pas à faire circuler cette bonne nouvelle et profitez-en pour découvrir nos 2 nouveautés 2013 ! - Les plongeurs de l’extrême dans un spectacle intitulé Wet Side Story !! - Une nouvelle attraction pour enfant !   * * * * *

  19. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2014-01-01

    www.interfon.fr   Rendez-vous sur notre site pour toutes les « News » Interfon « News » « Partenaires » « confinance » « chez Interfon »     Controle Technique Automobile Sarl Auto Sécurité 2000 Bienvenue dans votre centre de contrôle technique à Saint-Genis-Pouilly. 124 points de contrôle règlementaires à effectuer. Remise aux sociétaires 5 € sur votre visite technique Vous pouvez également prendre rendez-vous en ligne sur leur site Internet www.as2000.autosecurite.com Mr Antonioli Erick 5, rue des Chalets Zone de l'Allondon (à côté d'Intersport) 01630 - St Genis Pouilly  Tél. 04 50 40 04 61 as2000@autosecurite.com   5 points de vente à...

  20. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2011-01-01

    Nos bureaux du CERN seront fermés pour congé (Coopérative et Mutuelle) du jeudi 21 avril à 15h30 au lundi 2 mai à 12h30 (Le courrier interne sera néanmoins relevé chaque jour) Climatisez votre habitat Installer une climatisation dans votre intérieur est une opération devenue courante. Les climatiseurs Daikin, spécialement conçus pour l’habitat des particuliers, offrent une gamme d’appareils muraux ou plafonniers dont l’esthétique s’harmonise avec chaque intérieur. Ils sont remarquables par leur fonctionnement silencieux. Ces appareils sont équipés d’un filtre purificateur d’air. L’entreprise Lansard Energie, notre partenaire, spécialiste de ces install...

  1. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2013-01-01

    www.interfon.fr   Rendez-vous sur notre site pour toutes les « News » Interfon « News » « Nouveau partenaire chez Interfon » Profitez des conditions particulières de nos nouveaux fournisseurs « Pensez à nettoyer votre cuve à fioul » Avant cet hiver et pour une intervention rapide, confiez votre projet à la sociét AB Net : 8 % de remise. Nettoyage et dégazage de cuves, démantèlement (découpage), inertage (béton liquide), bordereau de suivi des déchets, devis gratuit. Contact local : Yannick Lezy (AB Net) – Tél : 06 28 70 60 80 ZA de Saumont – 73310 – Ruffieux – 04 79 52 29 63 Mail : y.lezy10@gmail.com AB Net "Cuve Fioul" www.ab-net-net-fioul-et-additifs.com   A Gex Une &...

  2. Oui/non.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Lévy

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Au temps des certitudes fragiles, les référendums gaulliens comprenaient toujours deux questions. Outre le texte sur lequel il fallait se prononcer, il y avait un enjeu plébiscitaire : renouvelez-vous votre confiance à votre chef charismatique ? Au temps des incertitudes assurées, le oui a gagné, non sans mal, le droit de n’être la réponse qu’à une question. Quant au non, il s’est réservé le plaisir des sens : entre le « non à ceux que nous avons élus pour gouverner et ...

  3. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2012-01-01

    www.interfon.fr « Nouveaux partenaires » chez Interfon « Brasserie Gessienne » Fabrication de bière biologique artisanale brassée à l’ancienne et non filtrée. Tout au long de l’année, bénéficiez de 5 % de remise immédiate sur tous vos achats. Ouverture début septembre. N’oubliez pas de présenter votre carte Interfon pour obtenir cette remise. Ce nouveau partenaire sera présent à notre « Portes Ouvertes » le 4 octobre pour vous offrir une dégustation gratuite. ZA de la Maladière – 358, rue de Perruet – 01210 – ORNEX Tél : 04 50 40 59 89 – www.brasseriegessienne.fr « Homme ou femme » bénéficiez de  20 % en présentant votre carte Interfo...

  4. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2012-01-01

    Vous envisagez de changer votre chaudière ? Nous vous recommandons les chaudières de marque ROTEX. Ce type de chaudières à condensation, de fabrication allemande, correspond à des chaudières innovantes développées selon les connaissances les plus récentes en matière de technique de chauffage. Elles fonctionnent au fuel, au gaz ou aux énergies nouvelles. Notre partenaire TMT, qui en a l’exclusivité dans le Pays de Gex, vous offre ses services (fourniture et installation) en vous faisant bénéficier de 5 % de réduction (devis gratuit). Demandez une documentation dans nos secrétariats. * * * * * * Votre électroménager Vous trouverez chez notre partenaire la Société Rexel (Zone de l’Allondon à St-Genis) tout le gros électroménager dans ...

  5. La préservation de la forêt, source de prospérité pour les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 nov. 2010 ... Lorsque nous avons commencé à examiner la connaissance qu'ils possèdent de leur milieu naturel, nous nous sommes rendu compte qu'en incitant les Nagas à renouer avec ce savoir, nous les aiderions à prendre conscience de la valeur de la biodiversité. Si vous limitez votre rôle à celui de facilitateur ...

  6. Voir toutes les initiatives | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Voici les projets appuyés par The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. Votre recherche n'a donné aucun résultat. Vous pourriez essayer : d'utiliser des synonymes,; d'enlever les filtres de recherche, ou; d'utiliser des mots-clés plus généraux. Nous finançons des chercheurs qui inspirent des changements mondiaux.

  7. Améliorer la performance organisationnelle : Manuel d'auto-évaluation

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Avez-vous pris la mesure de la performance réelle de votre organisation ? Dans le cas contraire, en connaissez-vous la cause ? Ce manuel présente un modèle d'auto-évaluation organisationnelle novateur et opportunément éprouvé. Les instruments et les conseils proposés dans Améliorer la performance ...

  8. Foire aux questions — AIPRP | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500 150, rue Kent Ottawa (Ontario) K1G 3H9. Nota. Des frais de 5 $ payables au Centre de recherches pour le développement international sont exigés avant que le traitement de votre demande en vertu de la Loi sur l'accès à l'information puisse commencer.

  9. INTERFON

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2010-01-01

    En 2010 faisons le vœu des économies d’énergie ! Interfon vous aidera pour que ce vœu ne reste pas une simple formule, mais une réalité qui se concrétise par un engagement avec des partenaires qui seront à votre écoute en vous proposant : – Savoie Cheminées (à Ville-la-Grand) dépositaire des cheminées Brisach, vous offre ses services pour l’installation de ses poêles à bois ou à granulés, de ses cheminées et foyers, pour lesquels vous pourrez bénéficier de remises (10% sur les fournitures et 15% sur l’habillage des cheminées). – Pour votre poêle ou votre cheminée passez vos commandes de bois de chauffage : suivant le même processus que pour le fuel : à notre secrétariat, par email o...

  10. Places disponibles/Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Si vous désirez participer à l'un des cours suivants, veuillez en discuter avec votre superviseur et vous inscrire électroniquement en direct depuis les pages de description des cours dans le Web que vous trouvez à l'adresse : http://www.cern.ch/Training/ ou remplissez une « demande de formation » disponible auprès du Secrétariat de votre Division ou de votre DTO (Délégué divisionnaire à la formation). Les places seront attribuées dans l'ordre de réception des inscriptions. If you wish to participate in one of the following courses, please discuss with your supervisor and apply electronically directly from the course description pages that can be found on the Web at: http://www.cern.ch/Training/ or fill in an "application for training" form available from your Divisional Secretariat or from your DTO (Divisional Training Off...

  11. Formation en sécurité : Ergonomie - Sensibilisation à l'ergonomie bureautique - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Si vous désirez participer à l'un des cours suivants, veuillez en discuter avec votre superviseur et vous inscrire électroniquement en direct depuis les pages de description des cours dans le Web que vous trouvez à l'adresse : http://www.cern.ch/Training/ ou remplissez une « demande de formation » disponible auprès du Secrétariat de votre Division ou de votre DTO (Délégué divisionnaire à la formation). Les places seront attribuées dans l'ordre de réception des inscriptions.FORMATION EN SECURITE Laetitia Laddada tél. 73811 - 79236 safety.training@cern.ch Nous vous proposons une 1/2 journée de sensibilisation sur les risques engendrés par une mauvaise posture lors du travail sur écran (mal de dos, fatigue visuelle, douleurs des poignets...) et des bonnes pratiques pour y remédier. Les prochaines sessions auront lieu le 12 f&...

  12. Formation en sécurité : Ergonomie - Sensibilisation à l'ergonomie bureautique

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Si vous désirez participer à l'un des cours suivants, veuillez en discuter avec votre superviseur et vous inscrire électroniquement en direct depuis les pages de description des cours dans le Web que vous trouvez à l'adresse : http://www.cern.ch/Training/ ou remplissez une « demande de formation » disponible auprès du Secrétariat de votre Division ou de votre DTO (Délégué divisionnaire à la formation). Les places seront attribuées dans l'ordre de réception des inscriptions. FORMATION EN SECURITE Laetitia Laddada tél. 73811 - 79236 safety.training@cern.ch Nous vous proposons une 1/2 journée de sensibilisation sur les risques engendrés par une mauvaise posture lors du travail sur écran (mal de dos, fatigue visuelle, douleurs des poignets...) et des bonnes pratiques pour y remédier. Les prochaines sessions auront lieu le 11 ma...

  13. Formation en sécurité : Ergonomie - Sensibilisation à l'ergonomie bureautique - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Si vous désirez participer à l'un des cours suivants, veuillez en discuter avec votre superviseur et vous inscrire électroniquement en direct depuis les pages de description des cours dans le Web que vous trouvez à l'adresse : http://www.cern.ch/Training/ ou remplissez une « demande de formation » disponible auprès du Secrétariat de votre Division ou de votre DTO (Délégué divisionnaire à la formation). Les places seront attribuées dans l'ordre de réception des inscriptions. FORMATION EN SECURITE Laetitia Laddada tél. 73811 - 79236 safety.training@cern.ch Nous vous proposons une 1/2 journée de sensibilisation sur les risques engendrés par une mauvaise posture lors du travail sur écran (mal de dos, fatigue visuelle, douleurs des poignets...) et des bonnes pratiques pour y remédier. Les prochaines sessions auront lieu le 11 ma...

  14. Formation en sécurité : Ergonomie - Sensibilisation à l'ergonomie bureautique

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Si vous désirez participer à l'un des cours suivants, veuillez en discuter avec votre superviseur et vous inscrire électroniquement en direct depuis les pages de description des cours dans le Web que vous trouvez à l'adresse : http://www.cern.ch/Training/ ou remplissez une « demande de formation » disponible auprès du Secrétariat de votre Division ou de votre DTO (Délégué divisionnaire à la formation). Les places seront attribuées dans l'ordre de réception des inscriptions. FORMATION EN SECURITE Laetitia Laddada tél. 73811 - 79236 safety.training@cern.ch Nous vous proposons une 1/2 journée de sensibilisation sur les risques engendrés par une mauvaise posture lors du travail sur écran (mal de dos, fatigue visuelle, douleurs des poignets...) et des bonnes pratiques pour y remédier. Les prochaines sessions auront lieu le 6 mai ...

  15. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2012-01-01

    Rendez-vous sur notre site pour toutes les « News »  Interfon  « News » C/C Val Thoiry Tél :  04 50 99 13 29 lissacvalthoiry@hotmail.fr Du 17 octobre Au 10 novembre 2012, votre opticien vous propose une remise de 30 % sur une sélection de plus de 100 lunettes solaires (Versace, Calvin Klein, Dolce Gabbana, Vogue, etc.) Profitez de cette offre exceptionnelle ! N’oubliez pas de présenter votre carte Interfon pour  obtenir la remise. Nouvelle adresse pour notre partenaire IMAGIN’&SON qui n’est plus à Ornex Nouveau show room sur rendez-vous à : IMAGIN’&SON 371, rue du Puy Mathieu 01710 Thoiry Tél :  04 50 28 68 10 info-client@imaginetson.com www.imaginetson.com Commandez vos gourmandises pour les fêtes de Noël chez Interfon Pensez à votre famille, vos amis et offrez leurs des coffr...

  16. Interfon

    CERN Multimedia

    Interfon

    2012-01-01

    www.interfon.fr PLOMBIER ILLICO à St-Genis-Pouilly (Technoparc) Dépannage, installation SAV chaudière De Dietrich Présentez votre carte Interfon et bénéficiez de 5 % de réduction Pour toute intervention connectez-vous sur le site www.plombierillico.fr et remplissez la demande d’intervention sans oublier de mettre votre numéro de sociétaire. HORIZONS VEGETAL à St-Genis-Pouilly (Technoparc) « Décoration végétale d’intérieur » Gamme Aérogarden : Redécouvrez la nature chez vous et cultivez toute l’année vos tomates, piments, pétunias, herbes aromatiques, etc. Murs végétaux : de nombreuses plantes peuvent être installées sur un support. Votre mur végétal peut ainsi être décor&a...

  17. Enseignement Technique CERN 2004 - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2004-01-01

    Instructor-led WBTechT Course for Microsoft Applications Si vous désirez participer à l'un des cours suivants, veuillez en discuter avec votre superviseur et vous inscrire électroniquement en direct depuis les pages de description des cours dans le Web que vous trouvez à l'adresse : http://www.cern.ch/Training/ ou remplissez une « demande de formation » disponible auprès du Secrétariat de votre Division ou de votre DTO (Délégué divisionnaire à la formation). Les places seront attribuées dans l'ordre de réception des inscriptions. ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE Monique Duval tél. 74924 technical.training@cern.ch Instructor-led WBTechT Course for Microsoft Applications Aimeriez-vous améliorer vos connaissances des applications de Microsoft Office ou d'Outlook ? Un nouveau cours, combinant un cours avec professeur et ...

  18. Hacker's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Charton, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Comprendre les dernières techniques de hacking pour agir et se protéger! Quelles sont les techniques des hackers pour asservir votre ordinateur, usurper votre identité, pirater vos mots de passe ou pénétrer dans l'intranet de votre entreprise? Comment se protéger de façon efficace et durable? Toutes les réponses à ces questions sont dans cet ouvrage qui explique chaque méthode de hacking et sa mise en pratique, puis détaille les contre-mesures à appliquer. Cette édition mise à jour vous apporte de nouvelles informations sur les outils logiciels de sécurité et expose les principes de la stéganographie. Elle présente également les coffres forts numériques, les logiciels d'anonymat, le phénomène des botnets ainsi que les méthodes de hacking dans les réseaux sociaux et micro-réseaux. Enfin, elle fait le point sur le droit et le piratage en 2011, prend en compte les dernières trouvailles technologiques, du carding au malware, et vous donne les moyens de vous en protéger. Grâce au Ha...

  19. Harrap's Michel Thomas anglais : débutants et faux débutants

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Une méthode 100 % audio pour perfectionner très rapidement votre anglais. Des résultats très rapides ° En quelques heures d'écoute, vous acquerrez les connaissances et l'assurance nécessaires pour comprendre et maîtriser l'anglais dans toutes ses complexités. Une pédagogie originale et sans contrainte ° Le cours est structuré en trois parties pour aborder, au fur et à mesure, le vocabulaire, les verbes et les expressions courantes. Il est dispensé par un formateur accompagné d'un Britannique et d'un Américain, qui vous aideront à perfectionner votre prononciation. ° Aucun livre, aucune prise de note : vous pouvez donc vous concentrer sur les explications du formateur. Vous mémorisez facilement et sans effort. ° Une méthode conviviale : vous êtes, dès le début, mis en confiance par la présence orale du formateur et des étudiants et vous percevez nettement les progrès réalisés. Une méthode progressive et un rythme flexible ° Vous pouvez suivre le cours à votre rythme et selon...

  20. Harrap's Michel Thomas anglais : perfectionnement

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Une méthode 100 % audio pour perfectionner très rapidement votre anglais. Des résultats très rapides ° En quelques heures d'écoute, vous acquerrez les connaissances et l'assurance nécessaires pour comprendre et maîtriser l'anglais dans toutes ses complexités. Une pédagogie originale et sans contrainte ° Le cours est structuré en trois parties pour aborder, au fur et à mesure, le vocabulaire, les verbes et les expressions courantes. Il est dispensé par un formateur accompagné d'un Britannique et d'un Américain, qui vous aideront à perfectionner votre prononciation. ° Aucun livre, aucune prise de note : vous pouvez donc vous concentrer sur les explications du formateur. Vous mémorisez facilement et sans effort. ° Une méthode conviviale : vous êtes, dès le début, mis en confiance par la présence orale du formateur et des étudiants et vous percevez nettement les progrès réalisés. Une méthode progressive et un rythme flexible ° Vous pouvez suivre le cours à votre rythme et selon...

  1. Harrap's Michel Thomas anglais : vocabulaire

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Une méthode 100 % audio pour perfectionner très rapidement votre anglais. Des résultats très rapides ° En quelques heures d'écoute, vous acquerrez les connaissances et l'assurance nécessaires pour comprendre et maîtriser l'anglais dans toutes ses complexités. Une pédagogie originale et sans contrainte ° Le cours est structuré en trois parties pour aborder, au fur et à mesure, le vocabulaire, les verbes et les expressions courantes. Il est dispensé par un formateur accompagné d'un Britannique et d'un Américain, qui vous aideront à perfectionner votre prononciation. ° Aucun livre, aucune prise de note : vous pouvez donc vous concentrer sur les explications du formateur. Vous mémorisez facilement et sans effort. ° Une méthode conviviale : vous êtes, dès le début, mis en confiance par la présence orale du formateur et des étudiants et vous percevez nettement les progrès réalisés. Une méthode progressive et un rythme flexible ° Vous pouvez suivre le cours à votre rythme et selon...

  2. Defining Occupational and Consumer Exposure Limits for Nanomaterials – First Experiences from REACH Registrations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aschberger, K; Christensen, F M; Klöslova, Z; Falck, G

    2013-01-01

    By 1 December 2010 substances manufactured or imported in the EU ≥ 1000 t (as well as certain other substances) had to be registered under the REACH Regulation 1907/2006. The Joint Research Centre (JRC) in close cooperation with the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) carried out an analysis and assessment of what type of information on nanomaterials was provided in the received registrations. The aim of the assessment was to develop options for an adaptation of the REACH regulation to ensure proper information generation and reporting and an appropriate risk/safety assessment of nanomaterials (Nano Support project). It should be noted that this analysis and assessment was not a compliance check of the dossiers. From 26000 submitted registration dossiers covering 4700 substances finally 25 dossiers (19 substances) were identified to cover nanomaterials or nanoforms of a substance. It is possible that other dossiers are considered to cover nanomaterials or nanoforms by the registrants, however such dossiers could not be identified to address nanoforms given the information contained in those dossiers. The identified 25 dossiers were subject to a detailed analysis and assessment of information provided for all endpoints including substance identity, physico-chemical properties, human health, environmental fate and behaviour, ecotoxicity, PBT 6 assessment, Classification and Labelling as well as the attached Chemical Safety Report documenting the Chemical Risk/Safety Assessment. In order to evaluate how the safety of workers and consumers was ensured, it was appropriate to check how the 'Derived No (Minimum) Effect Levels' (DN(M)ELs) were established for substances, covering nanomaterials or nanoforms. DNELs were established mainly for long term inhalation exposure of workers. Half of the assessed dossiers included an oral long term DNEL for the general population. DNELs were usually not specific for nanosized forms and, in the few cases where they were calculated for

  3. Two cases of Schizophyllum asthma: is this a new clinical entity or a precursor of ABPM?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Haruhiko; Fujimura, Masaki; Takeuchi, Yasuo; Makimura, Koichi

    2011-10-01

    There is a close link between fungal sensitization and asthma severity. Although Schizophyllum commune (S. commune, "suehirotake" in Japanese), one of the basidiomycetous (BM) fungi, is a fungus that can cause allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) and allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS), whether the fungus causes or sensitizes subjects to asthma is unclear. The bronchial provocation test using S. commune antigen was performed in two asthmatics who had demonstrated positive skin reactions to the S. commune antigen, and low dose of itraconazole (50 mg/day) was prescribed as an adjunctive therapy for 2 weeks. The allergological features and clinical manifestations of these patients are herein evaluated and discussed. Case 1 was a 71-year-old female, and case 2 was a 69-year-old male. Both patients demonstrated positive reactions to the inhalation test. A diagnosis of AFS or ABPM was excluded in both patients because of the lack of a history of pulmonary infiltrates, central bronchiectasis, a history of expectoration of brown plugs or flecks, or sinusoidal findings. Although the efficacy of itraconazole in our cases was unclear, the elevated titer of the specific IgG-for S. commune in case 2 gradually decreased during the period of antifungal therapy. The two patients described herein were diagnosed to have bronchial asthma caused by S. commune; so-called Schizophyllum asthma. S. commune may also be a causative fungal antigen of bronchial asthma. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Location condition of nuclear power generation at a viewpoint of location area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawase, Kazuharu

    1999-01-01

    In the thirty years memorial meeting of the National Nuclear Power Generation located Commune Conference (NNGC) held in October, 1998, an extremely important fact was clarified, relation deeply to main aim of NNGC that permanent development was not promised at the location area even if a nuclear power plant was constructed there. Therefore, it is required that Japan government receives operation of three laws on electric source development as soon as possible, establishes a basic target on permanent area promotion in the nuclear power generation located commune, realizes some examples on development of the commune together with nuclear power generation and intends to promoted its location. (G.K.)

  5. Persistence as a family matter. Family relationships, succession and gender in agriculture and livestock farms in Buenos Aires SouthWest area (1987-2007Dossier: The place of the family in Argentina's agricultural production (1960-2008 Cuando la persistencia es una cuestión de familia. Relaciones familiares, traspaso y género en explotaciones agropecuarias del Sudoeste bonaerense (1987-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia López Castro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The persistence of family farms in Agentina's Pampas in the last twenty years has been explained taking into account economic and productive matters. This kind of emphasis is coherent with the increasing importance of scale and capitalization required to stay in business that characterizes the current stage of agrarian capitalism. However, the very nature of this type of production units, the role family plays inside them, makes it necessary to look into subjective and cultural aspects also, in order to find more accurate and complex ways to analyse the paths to persistence. In this paper, using the data provided by interviews with ten agrifamilies of SouthWest Buenos Aires province's states Puán and Saavedra, we analyse the role relations between parents and children, gender and personal aspirations and expectations play in fundamental processes such as succession and in the construction and support of familial and productive strategies that have given this families the chance of staying active and producing in the last two decades.Las explicaciones del fenómeno de persistencia de la producción familiar en el sector agropecuario pampeano se han ensayado generalmente teniendo en cuenta aspectos económicos y productivos. Si bien ese énfasis coincide con la creciente importancia que la escala y la capitalización adquieren en la etapa actual de desarrollo del capitalismo agrario, por el propio carácter de estas unidades productivas -por el rol que juegan dentro de ellas las relaciones familiares- resulta necesario tomar en cuenta asimismo aspectos subjetivos y culturales, con el fin de lograr análisis más complejos y precisos sobre las estrategias que permitieron esa permanencia. En este trabajo indagamos en la influencia que las relaciones familiares y las concepciones culturales de las familias han tenido en las trayectorias de persistencia de un grupo de familias productoras del sudoeste bonaerense. En base al análisis de entrevistas realizadas a diez familias productoras de los partidos de Puán y Saavedra indagamos en el papel que los vínculos entre padres e hijos, las cuestiones de género y las aspiraciones y expectativas de los miembros de las familias han jugado en procesos fundamentales para la continuidad de las explotaciones como el traspaso generacional y en la configuración y sostenimiento de las estrategias que les permitieron permanecer en la actividad a lo largo de los últimos veinte años.

  6. Publications | Page 335 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3341 - 3350 of 6923 ... ... offer free training materials to guide researchers and institutions. ... Not only can the commune councils better meet the needs of their citizens, ... and economic environments, and that these links are reflected in a ...

  7. Medium selection for exopolysaccharide and biomass production in submerged cultures of culinary-medicinal mushrooms from Turkey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kizilcik, M.; Yamaç, M.; Griensven, van L.J.L.D.

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigates the exopolysaccharide (EPS) and biomass production of 18 strains of 15 species of culinary-medicinal higher Basidiomycetes in submerged culture under four different media. Gloeophyllum abietinum and Schizophyllum commune produced the highest EPS and biomass

  8. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 65, 2nd Quarter 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    beliefs Meaning making Ethical leadership Accommodate diversity Access Immunizations Screening Prophylaxis Dental Food quality Nutrient requirements... calculus of Vietnamese military organization and its sustained focus on local defense, militia units (at the commune and precinct level), and self

  9. CARACTÉRISATION PHySICO-CHIMIqUE DES SOLS EN VUE DE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Laboratoire des Sciences Biologiques et Agronomiques pour le ... 3 Laboratoire de Sol et Gestion de l'eau et Sous-programme de Nutrition de Culture, ... Commune techniques nucléaires en nourriture et Agriculture, Vienne - Autriche.

  10. WEST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user1

    ... time; MCS, Microscopy, culture, and sensitivity; PT, Prothrombin time; TMJ, ... OBJECTIF: Cet article présente les communes orofaciales ... OBJECTIVE: This article presents the common orofacial .... accident, bite, sport injuries,19 and.

  11. Inventarisatie stofbadgedrag van vleekuikenouderdieren in het communesysteem en bij strooisel/rooster huisvesting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooijen, van J.; Haar, van der J.W.

    1997-01-01

    Het stofbadgedrag van vleeskuikenmoederdieren is geonventariseerd onder praktijkomstandigheden: in een traditionele grondstal (strooisel/rooster) en in een groepskooi (het Commune systeem). In de grondstal bleken de moederdieren op het strooisel te stofbaden. Zoals op basis van de literatuur

  12. La Giustizia penale nella Toscana Secentesca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Mecca

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Daniele Edigati, Gli occhi del Granduca. Tecniche inquisitorie e arbitrio giudiziale tra stylus curiae e ius commune nella Toscana secentesca, Pisa: Edizione ETS 2009, XX, 401 S., ISBN 978-88-467-2407-6

  13. Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Université de Lomé - Vol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Decentralisation et politiques budgetaires sportives dans les communes du Benin ... Problematique d'une gestion intercommunale du lac aheme et ses chenaux · EMAIL ... Relations entre la pme et ses partenaires : une analyse des difficultes ...

  14. Évaluation de l'importance du parcours Gadoudhé, dans l ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alimentation du bétail de la commune rurale de Fabidji au Niger. Méthodologie et résultats: Une enquête a été menée auprès des éleveurs de la commune rurale de Fabidji (Niger), sur l'utilité du parcours dans l'alimentation du bétail. Les résultats ...

  15. 1816-IJBCS-Article-Moussa Gibigaye

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    La présente étude vise à caractériser les pratiques culturales de l'igname dans la Commune de Ouaké et ses effets sur les ressources naturelles. Pour mener à bien ce travail, d'abord des entretiens ont eu lieu avec les conseillers du monde agricole et les producteurs de 16 villages de la Commune. Ensuite, les ...

  16. Decentralisation et politiques budgetaires sportives dans les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Celles-ci portent non seulement sur la construction et l'entretien des équipements sportifs locaux mais aussi et surtout sur une assistance matérielle et financière aux structures qui s'occupent de l'organisation et de l'animation des activités sportives dans les communes. Pour les communes non industrialisées, dominées ...

  17. Preliminary Studies on Irradiation of Some Common Stored-Grain Insects in Pakistan; Etudes preliminaires sur l'irradiation de certaines especes communes d'insectes nuisibles aux cereales engrangees au Pakistan; Predvaritel'noe izuchenie rezul'tatov oblucheniya nekotorykh obychnykh ambarnykh nasekomykh v Pakistane; Estudios preliminares sobre los efectos de la irradiacion en algunas de las plagas insectiles de los silos mas comunes en el Pakistan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huque, Heshamul [Department of Plant Protection, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Karachi (Pakistan)

    1963-09-15

    The response of some major insect pests of stored grains to various radiation dosages from a Co{sup 60} source made available through the courtesy of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission has been studied. A dosage of 20 000 r produced 100% mortality of the adults of Rhizopertha dominica and Tribolium castaneum within a period of 11 d. A lower dose (10 000 r) was, however, effective in 23 d. The adults of Sitophilus granarius evinced comparatively high susceptibility and when they were exposed to 10 000 r, total mortality was attained in 7d. The larvae of Trogoderma granarium, however, proved to be the most resistant; they were not responsive to the lower dosages, and 100% control was attained only with 25 000 r in 26 d. The maximum dosage of 250 000 r gave an instant kill in all these cases, but apart from being too high it also adversely affected the viability of the grains. Since, however, their nutritive value remained unaffected, this treatment might be of use where immediate disinfestation of non-seeding edible grains was desired. Eggs of Bruchus quadmmaculatus failed to hatch when exposed to 2500 r. Studies on other stages and dosages are in progress. (author) [French] On a etudie la reponse a differentes doses de rayonnements de quelques especes d'insectes particulierement nuisibles aux cereales engrangees; on a utilise a cet effet une source au {sup 60}Co fournie par la Commission pakistanaise de l'energie atomique. Une dose de 20 000 r a provoque en l'espace de 11 j une mortalite de 100% chez les adultes de la Rhizopertha dominica et du Tribolium castaneum. Une dose de 10 000 r a donne le meme resultat en 23 j. Les adultes du Sitophilus granarius ont montre une sensibilite beaucoup plus elevee: une dose de 10 000 r a entraine une mortalite de 100% en 7 j. Ce sont les larves de la Trogoderma granarium qui se sont revelees les plus resistantes; elles ont ete insensibles aux doses de faible intensite et la mortalite de 100% n'a ete obtenue qu'avec 25 000 r, en 26 j. Une dose maximum de 250 000 g a entraine une mort instantanee dans tous les cas; mais, outre le fait qu'elle est trop elevee, cette dose nuit a la conservation des cereales. Toutefois, la valeur nutritive des cereales ne s'en trouvant pas affectee, on pourrait appliquer des doses de cette intensite lorsqu'on veut rapidement desinsectiser des grains comestibles qui ne sont pas destines a la semence. Des oeufs de Bruchus quadrumaculatus exposes a une dose de 2500 r ne sont pas parvenus a eclosion. On poursuit les etudes sur des insectes a d'autres stades de leur developpement et pour des doses differentes. (author) [Spanish] El autor ha estudiado loe. efectos que en algunas de las principales plagas insectiles de los silos ejercen diversas dosis de irradiacion aplicadas con una fuente de {sup 60}Co que puso a su disposicion la Comision de Energia Atomica del Pakistan. Una dosis de 20 000 r causo ai cabo de 11 d una mortalidad del 100% entre los Rhizopertha dominica y Tribolium castaneum adultos. Una dosis de 10 000 r produjo los mismoe resultados al cabo de 23 d. El Sitophilus granarius adulto acuso una sensibilidad relativamente mucho mas elevada, pues con una dosis de 10 000 g se obtuvo una mortalidad del. 100% en solo 7 d. Las larvas de Trogoderma granarium demostraron ser las mas resistentes; con dosis inferiores no acusaron efecto alguno y su exterminio total exigio 25000 r y 26 d. Una dosis maxima de 250 000 r produjo inmediatamente efectos letales en todos los insectos, pero aparte de ser demasiado elevada resulto perjudicial para la vitalidad de los granos. Ahora bien, como no altera su poder nutritivo, se puede emplear cuando se quiera lograr la desinsectacion inmediata de granes comestibles que no sean para la siembra. Los huevecillos de Bruchus quadrumaculatus dejan de desarrollarse cuando sufren una irradiacion de 2500 r. El autor esta estudiando los efectos de otras dosis en otras fases de la metamorfosis. (author) [Russian] Byli izucheny otvetnye reaktsii nekotorykh osnovnykh ambarnykh nasekomykh-vreditelej na obluchenie razlichnymi dozami ot istochnika s Co{sup 60}, lyubezno predostavlennogo Pakistanskoj komissiej po atomnoj ehnergii. Doza'20 000 r vyzyvala 100-protsentnuyu smertnost' vzroslykh osobej Rhizopertha dominica i Tribolium castaneum v techenie 11 sutok. Doza 10 000 r okazalas' ehffektivnoj tol'ko cherez 23 sutok. Vzroslye osobi Sitophilus granarius proyavlyali otnositel'no bol'shuyu chuvstvitel'nost', i pri obluchenii ikh 10 000 r polnaya smertnost' nastupala cherez 7 sutok. Odnako lichinki Trogoderma granarium okazalis' naibolee stojkimi; na bolee nizkie dozy oni vovse ne reagirovali, a 100-protsentnaya smertnost' byla dostignuta tol'ko cherez 26 sutok posle oblucheniya 25 000 r. Maksimal'naya doza 250 000 r privodila k mgnovennoj smerti vo vsekh sluchayakh, no ehta doza slishkom vysoka, i privodit k narusheniyu prorastaemosti semyan. Odnako vvidu togo, chto pitatel'nye svojstva ne stradayut/ ehta doza mokhet byt' ispol'zovana tam, gde zhelatel'no nemedlennoe istreblenie nasekomykh v neprednaznachennykh dlya poseva prodovol'stvennykh zernovykh. Bruchus quadrumaculatus ne vyplansivaetsya pri obluchenii dozoj v 2500 r. V nastoyashchee vremya prodolzhaetsya izuchenie drugikh stadij i dozirovok. (author)

  18. Profils des enfants infectes par le vih en debut du traitement ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    But : Décrire les profils des enfants infectés par le VIH au début du traitement antirétroviral. Matériels et méthode: Les dossiers des enfants infectés par le VIH dans la région maritime ont été analysés de mai 2008 à février 2010 par le comité thérapeutique. Résultats: Parmi les 96 dossiers analysés, 66,67% venaient du ...

  19. Profils des porteurs du VIH/SIDA au début du traitement ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    But : Décrire les profils des porteurs de VIH/sida au début du traitement antirétroviral. Matériels et méthode: Les dossiers des porteurs du VIH/sida de la région maritime ont été analysés de mai 2008 à avril 2009 par le comité thérapeutique. Résultats: Parmi les 641 dossiers analysés, 67,40% venaient du district de Yoto.

  20. Europe and energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kosciusko-Morizet, Nathalie; Reydellet, Daniel; Colliquet, David; Prevot, Henri; Bucaille, Alain; Sire, Didier; Mandil, Claude; Gressier, Claude; Mocilnikar, Antoine-Tristan; Lamy, Jean; Aladjidi, Gregoire

    2007-01-01

    This special dossier 'Europe and energie' is made of 8 contributions dealing with: a federating policy (Daniel Reydellet); presentation of the dossier (David Colliquet); for a new European cooperation between free-organizing countries (Henri Prevot); Industrialists looking for a policy direction, interview of Alain Bucaille and Didier Sire; we must combine energy efficiency and diversification of energy sources (Claude Mandil); a European policy of 'sustainable' transports (Claude Gressier); a global answer to climate and energy questions (Antoine-Tristan Mocilnikar, Jean Lamy); a growing role for venture capital and entrepreneurs (Gregoire Aladjidi); more from the Internet

  1. The Mining of Uranium–Cases from Namibia, Niger, Brazil, and Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Tkalec

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The text is a dossier focusing on the problems of uranium mining. The first part deals with some general issues and dilemmas associated with nuclear energy production and its environmental impacts; the second deals with case studies of uranium mining in Namibia, Niger, Brazil, and Bulgaria. The dossier is based entirely on the reports and documents of the EJOLT international project. Most of the research and studies mentioned in the article was carried out by CRIIRAD, a French organization, which participated in the EJOLT project.

  2. Puellae Doctae en las cortes peninsulares

    OpenAIRE

    Borreguero Beltrán, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    El número que el lector té a les mans inclou un dossier, tal com fa darrerament la nostra publicació, en aquest cas dedicat a estudiar les telenovel·les catalanes. També, com és de consuetud, s'hi afegeixen quatre articles que qualifiquem de miscel·lanis i que tracten sobre diferents aspectes de la recerca comunicativa actual. El dossier que ha coordinat Joana Gallego tracta sobre les telenovel·les catalanes, tema que, al nostre entendre, presenta una importància significativa, segons subratl...

  3. Espaces urbains, Espaces publics, Paroles et interprétations des habitants

    OpenAIRE

    Bonaccorsi, Julia; Boulekbache-Mazouz, Hafida; Côté, Jean-François; Cotte, Dominique; Da Lage, Émilie; Delcambre, Pierre; Gellereau, Michèle; Labelle, Sarah; Laudati, Patrizia; Mendes De Barros, Laan; Meyer, Vincent; Noyer, Jacques; Pugliese, Maude; Raoul, Bruno; Soumagnac, Karel

    2014-01-01

    Si les questions urbaines traversent de nombreux champs disciplinaires, le dossier de ce numéro s’inscrit dans une perspective communicationnelle en proposant comme focale l’analyse des dispositifs qui permettent la production, l’expression, la constitution des mémoires, des imaginaires, des interprétations des habitants de la ville ou ceux qui convoquent une référence à ces derniers. La réflexion sur les notions d’habitant et d’espace public est au cœur du dossier. Il s’agit de s’intéresser ...

  4. Information on new drugs at market entry: retrospective analysis of health technology assessment reports versus regulatory reports, journal publications, and registry reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köhler, Michael; Haag, Susanne; Biester, Katharina; Brockhaus, Anne Catharina; McGauran, Natalie; Grouven, Ulrich; Kölsch, Heike; Seay, Ulrike; Hörn, Helmut; Moritz, Gregor; Staeck, Kerstin; Wieseler, Beate

    2015-02-26

    When a new drug becomes available, patients and doctors require information on its benefits and harms. In 2011, Germany introduced the early benefit assessment of new drugs through the act on the reform of the market for medicinal products (AMNOG). At market entry, the pharmaceutical company responsible must submit a standardised dossier containing all available evidence of the drug's added benefit over an appropriate comparator treatment. The added benefit is mainly determined using patient relevant outcomes. The "dossier assessment" is generally performed by the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) and then published online. It contains all relevant study information, including data from unpublished clinical study reports contained in the dossiers. The dossier assessment refers to the patient population for which the new drug is approved according to the summary of product characteristics. This patient population may comprise either the total populations investigated in the studies submitted to regulatory authorities in the drug approval process, or the specific subpopulations defined in the summary of product characteristics ("approved subpopulations"). To determine the information gain from AMNOG documents compared with non-AMNOG documents for methods and results of studies available at market entry of new drugs. AMNOG documents comprise dossier assessments done by IQWiG and publicly available modules of company dossiers; non-AMNOG documents comprise conventional, publicly available sources-that is, European public assessment reports, journal publications, and registry reports. The analysis focused on the approved patient populations. Retrospective analysis. All dossier assessments conducted by IQWiG between 1 January 2011 and 28 February 2013 in which the dossiers contained suitable studies allowing for a full early benefit assessment. We also considered all European public assessment reports, journal publications, and registry reports

  5. Community-Based Control of Aedes aegypti By Using Mesocyclops in Southern Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Vu Sinh; Yen, Nguyen Thi; Duc, Hoang Minh; Tu, Tran Cong; Thang, Vu Trong; Le, Nguyen Hoang; San, Le Hoang; Loan, Luu Le; Huong, Vu Thi Que; Khanh, Ly Huynh Kim; Trang, Huynh Thi Thuy; Lam, Leonie Z. Y.; Kutcher, Simon C.; Aaskov, John G.; Jeffery, Jason A. L.; Ryan, Peter A.; Kay, Brian H.

    2012-01-01

    We previously reported a new community-based mosquito control strategy that resulted in elimination of Aedes aegypti (Linn.) in 40 of 46 communes in northern and central Vietnam, and with annual recurrent total costs (direct and indirect) of only $0.28–$0.89 international dollars per person. This control strategy was extended to four provinces in southern Vietnam in Long An and Hau Giang (2004–2007) and to Long An, Ben Tre, and Vinh Long (2005–2010). In a total of 14 communes with 124,743 residents, the mean ± SD of adult female Ae. aegypti was reduced from 0.93 ± 0.62 to 0.06 ± 0.09, and the reduction of immature Ae. aegypti averaged 98.8%. By the final survey, no adults could be collected in 6 of 14 communes, and one commune, Binh Thanh, also had no immature forms. Although the community-based programs also involved community education and clean-up campaigns, the prevalence of Mesocyclops in large water storage containers > 50 liters increased from 12.77 ± 8.39 to 75.69 ± 9.17% over periods of 15–45 months. At the conclusion of the study, no confirmed dengue cases were detected in four of the five communes for which diagnostic serologic analysis was performed. The rate of progress was faster in communes that were added in stages to the program but the reason for this finding was unclear. At the completion of the formal project, sustainability funds were set up to provide each commune with the financial means to ensure that community-based dengue control activities continued. PMID:22556087

  6. Secondary mapping of lymphatic filariasis in Haiti-definition of transmission foci in low-prevalence settings.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naomi Drexler

    Full Text Available To eliminate Lymphatic filariasis (LF as a public health problem, the World Health Organization (WHO recommends that any area with infection prevalence greater than or equal to 1% (denoted by presence of microfilaremia or antigenemia should receive mass drug administration (MDA of antifilarial drugs for at least five consecutive rounds. Areas of low-antigen prevalence (< 1% are thought to pose little risk for continued transmission of LF. Five low-antigen prevalence communes in Haiti, characterized as part of a national survey, were further assessed for transmission in this study. An initial evaluation of schoolchildren was performed in each commune to identify antigen-positive children who served as index cases for subsequent community surveys conducted among households neighboring the index cases. Global positioning system (GPS coordinates and immunochromatographic tests (ICT for filarial antigenemia were collected on approximately 1,600 persons of all ages in the five communes. The relationship between antigen-positive cases in the community and distance from index cases was evaluated using multivariate regression techniques and analyses of spatial clustering. Community surveys demonstrated higher antigen prevalence in three of the five communes than was observed in the original mapping survey; autochthonous cases were found in the same three communes. Regression techniques identified a significantly increased likelihood of being antigen-positive when living within 20 meters of index cases when controlling for age, gender, and commune. Spatial clustering of antigen-positive cases was observed in some, but not all communes. Our results suggest that localized transmission was present even in low-prevalence settings and suggest that better surveillance methods may be needed to detect microfoci of LF transmission.

  7. Yoga Club

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Yoga Club

    2017-01-01

    Les activités du club de yoga reprennent le 1er septembre  Yoga, Sophrologie, Tai Chi, Méditation Êtes-vous à la recherche de bien-être, sérénité, forme physique, souplesse de corps et d’esprit ? Voulez-vous réduire votre stress ?  Rejoignez le club de yoga!  Des cours tous les jours de la semaine, 10 professeurs différents cern.ch/club-yoga/

  8. Yoga Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Yoga Club

    2016-01-01

    Les activités du club de yoga reprennent le 1er septembre Yoga, Sophrologie, Tai Chi, Zen Êtes-vous à la recherche de bien-être, sérénité, forme physique, souplesse de corps et d’esprit ? Voulez-vous réduire votre stress ? Rejoignez le club de yoga! Des cours tous les jours de la semaine, 8 professeurs différents cern.ch/club-yoga/ cern.ch/club-yoga/  

  9. CARLSON WAGONLIT

    CERN Multimedia

    CARLSON WAGONLIT

    2010-01-01

    BESOIN D'IDEES CADEAUX ? OFFREZ L'EVASION DANS UN BOX ! Des weekends à deux ou en famille et pour tous les goûts: escapades gourmandes, aventures/randonnées, sensations, séjours pittoresques, maisons d’hôte ou châteaux prestigieux, forfaits beauté & séjours bien-être … Les SMARTBOX sont dès aujourd’hui en vente dans notre agence de voyages ! Nos agents tourisme sont à votre disposition pour tous renseignements au 72 797 ou par email cern@carlsonwagonlit.ch Au plaisir de vous revoir dans notre agence.

  10. Ski club

    CERN Multimedia

    Ski club

    2013-01-01

    Gym Comme chaque année, la première activité à reprendre du service au SKI Club du CERN est la gymnastique ; les cours reprendront le mardi 17 septembre prochain. Si vous voulez améliorer votre condition physique en vue de la prochaine saison de ski (alpin ou de fond, ou snowboard), venez participer à nos cours au CO La Golette à Meyrin. Vous pouvez déjà vous inscrire en vous rendant sur le site du Ski club : http://cern.ch/club-ski/.

  11. Hacking interdit découvrez les techniques des hackers pour mieux vous protéger

    CERN Document Server

    Gomez-Urbina, Alexandre

    2010-01-01

    Aujourd'hui, impossible de surfer sur Internet sans protection efficace ! Mais même avec des logiciels appropriés, nul n'est à l'abri du danger ! Virus, usurpations d'adresse IP, troyens, intrusions dans votre système, attaques par phishing : l'imagination des pirates est sans limite ! La seule solution est de vous protéger efficacement et pour cela, un moyen : connaître les techniques des hackers pour mieux déjouer leurs pièges ! Un internaute averti en vaut deux !

  12. Dédicace

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lam, H.J.

    1942-01-01

    Lorsque, il y a une année à peu près, ma collaboratrice Mlle Joséphine Koster vint me trouver en suggérant l’idée d’éditer un volume dédié au jubilé de votre quatre-vingt-dixième anniversaire, j’acceptai sans hésitation. Cette idée m’était en effet d’autant plus sympathique que j’avais cherché

  13. GRANDE VENTE DE NOEL - MAGASIN DU MONDE MEYRIN - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    Groupe Magasin du Monde Meyrin

    2002-01-01

    Mercredi 4 décembre de 10h. à 14h.30 Bâtiment principal, devant le restaurant no1 Vous y trouverez des produits alimentaires tels que miel, café, chocolat, sucre, quinoa, épices, etc, bref un riche assortiment des produits du commerce équitable porteurs du label Max Havelaar garantissant un meilleur revenu aux producteurs du Tiers Monde. Egalement à votre disposition des produits de l'artisanat des quatre coins du monde et des idées de cadeaux pour Noël. Groupe Magasin du Monde Meyrin

  14. Yoga Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Yoga Club

    2012-01-01

    ASSEMBLEE GENERALE ANNUELLE     LUNDI 7 mai à 12H00 Bât. 504, entresol, Salle des Clubs   Ordre du jour : • Rapport d’activité • Rapport financier • Election d’un nouveau Comité • Divers Chaque membre du Club inscrit en 2011/2012 aux cours de Yoga, Tai Chi, Zazen ou de Sophrologie est invité à participer à l’Assemblée générale. Devenez membre au Comité du Club et faites parvenir votre candidature à cecile.granier@cern.ch.

  15. Yoga club

    CERN Document Server

    Yoga club

    2010-01-01

    Assemblée générale annuelle Mardi 1er juin à 12 h 30 Bât. 504, entresol, Salle des Clubs Ordre du jour • Rapport d’activité • Rapport financier • Election d’un nouveau Comité • Divers Chaque membre du Club inscrit en 2010–2011 aux cours de Yoga, Tai Chi, Zazen ou de Sophrologie est invité à participer à l’Assemblée générale. Devenez membre au Comité du Club et faites parvenir votre candidature à Margrit.Burri@cern.ch

  16. Yoga Club

    CERN Document Server

    Yoga Club

    2011-01-01

      Assemblée générale annuelle Jeudi 16 juin à 13 h 00 Bât. 504, entresol, Salle des Clubs Ordre du jour : Rapport d’activité Rapport financier Election d’un nouveau Comité Divers Chaque membre du Club inscrit en 2010 - 2011 aux cours de Yoga, Tai Chi, Zazen ou de Sophrologie est invité à participer à l’Assemblée Générale. Devenez membre au Comité du Club et faites parvenir votre candidature à cecile.granier@cern.ch

  17. Yoga Club

    CERN Document Server

    Yoga Club

    2010-01-01

    ANNUAL GENERAL ASSEMBLY Mardi 1er juin à 12 h 30 Bât. 504, entresol, Salle des Clubs   Ordre du jour • Rapport d’activité • Rapport financier • Election d’un nouveau Comité • Divers Chaque membre du Club inscrit en 2010 - 2011 aux cours de Yoga, Tai Chi, Zazen ou de Sophrologie est invité à participer à l’Assemblée Générale. Devenez membre au Comité du Club et faites parvenir votre candidature à Margrit.Burri@cern.ch

  18. Yoga

    CERN Multimedia

    Yoga

    2012-01-01

      ASSEMBLEE GÉNÉRALE ANNUELLE     Lundi 7 mai à 12 h 00 Bât. 504, entresol, Salle des Clubs   Ordre du jour : • Rapport d’activité • Rapport financier • élection d’un nouveau Comité • Divers Chaque membre du Club inscrit en 2011/2012 aux cours de Yoga, Tai Chi, Zazen ou de Sophrologie est invité à participer à l’Assemblée générale. Devenez membre au Comité du Club et faites parvenir votre candidature à cecile.granier@cern.ch.

  19. Cybergeo et l'interactivité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    1999-02-01

    Full Text Available Vous le constaterez ce mois-ci : Cybergeo bouge. En page d'accueil, un panneau attire votre attention sur les dernières parutions, installées dans chaque rubrique depuis moins de deux semaines. Ainsi, vous savez immédiatement où il y a du nouveau. Par exemple, dans la rubrique Cybergeo invite, vous commencez à trouver les actes d'un colloque sur les problèmes culturels des grandes villes. Questions du multiculturalisme, entre affrontement et intégration, inventions croisées ou assimilation, l...

  20. Factors Affecting Attraction, Recruitment, and Retention of NATO Military Medical Professionals (Facteurs d’influence sur l’attraction, le recrutement et la fidelisation des professionnels de sante militaires de l’otan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    d’être inclus soit à titre personnel, soit au nom de votre organisation, sur la liste d’envoi. Les publications de la STO et de l’AGARD sont également en...selon le cas, suivi du numéro de série. Des informations analogues, telles que le titre est la date de publication sont souhaitables. Si vous...suivie du numéro de série (par exemple AGARD-AG-315). Des informations analogues, telles que le titre et la date de publication sont souhaitables