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Sample records for vorschlag geologischer standortgebiete

  1. Proposals of geological sites for L/ILW and HLW repositories. Geological background. Text volume; Vorschlag geologischer Standortgebiete fuer das SMA- und das HAA-Lager. Geologische Grundlagen. Textband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-10-15

    On April 2008, the Swiss Federal Council approved the conceptual part of the Sectoral Plan for Deep Geological Repositories. The Plan sets out the details of the site selection procedure for geological repositories for low- and intermediate-level waste (L/ILW) and high-level waste (HLW). It specifies that selection of geological siting regions and sites for repositories in Switzerland will be conducted in three stages, the first one (the subject of this report) being the definition of geological siting regions within which the repository projects will be elaborated in more detail in the later stages of the Sectoral Plan. The geoscientific background is based on the one hand on an evaluation of the geological investigations previously carried out by Nagra on deep geological disposal of HLW and L/ILW in Switzerland (investigation programmes in the crystalline basement and Opalinus Clay in Northern Switzerland, investigations of L/ILW sites in the Alps, research in rock laboratories in crystalline rock and clay); on the other hand, new geoscientific studies have also been carried out in connection with the site selection process. Formulation of the siting proposals is conducted in five steps: A) In a first step, the waste inventory is allocated to the L/ILW and HLW repositories; B) The second step involves defining the barrier and safety concepts for the two repositories. With a view to evaluating the geological siting possibilities, quantitative and qualitative guidelines and requirements on the geology are derived on the basis of these concepts. These relate to the time period to be considered, the space requirements for the repository, the properties of the host rock (depth, thickness, lateral extent, hydraulic conductivity), long-term stability, reliability of geological findings and engineering suitability; C) In the third step, the large-scale geological-tectonic situation is assessed and large-scale areas that remain under consideration are defined. For the L/ILW repository, for which the time period considered for long-term safety is 100,000 years, there are no large-scale geotectonic units that, as a whole, would be unsuitable from the viewpoint of long-term geological stability and would have to be excluded. Regionally and locally, however, critical zones will have to be avoided when locating the disposal chambers in order to ensure long-term stability. The space required for the L/ILW repository is comparatively small and there is considerable flexibility in arranging the individual disposal chambers. This means that none of the large-scale units need to be deferred because of spatial conditions, although there are significant differences among the units with respect to tectonic dissection and the resulting spatial situation. For the HLW repository, with a time period of 1 million years being considered for long-term safety, the Alps have to be excluded if long-term stability (including uplift and erosion during the period being considered) is to be assured. There are also reservations regarding the long-term geological stability of the Folded Jura, the western Tabular Jura and the western sub-Jurassic zone. Because of strong tectonic dissection and the resulting insufficient spatial conditions, these three units are excluded for a HLW repository; D) The fourth step involves selecting the preferred host rock formations within the large geotectonic units still under consideration. Proposed for the L/ILW repository are the Opalinus Clay with its confining units, the clay stone sequence 'Brauner Dogger' with its confining units, the Effingen Beds and the marl formations of the Helveticum. For the HLW repository, the Opalinus Clay with its confining units is the preferred host formation. Although the crystalline bedrock and the clay-rich formations of the Lower and Upper Freshwater Molasse fulfil the minimum requirements for a host rock, test options have been deferred because of the large variability of rock properties and the resulting difficulties with exploration. In the case of the Molasse formations, the relatively high horizontal hydraulic conductivity caused by sandstone layers and channels is a further reason for putting these possibilities on hold; E) The configurations of the preferred host rocks within the large-scale geotectonic units under consideration are evaluated in the fifth step. Taking into account the presence of regional geological features (regional fault zones, over-deepened valleys resulting from glacial erosion, zones with indications of small-scale tectonic dissection, other zones to be avoided for reasons of neotectonics), preferred areas are identified within which the preferred host rocks can be found at a suitable depth and with sufficient thickness and lateral extent. The preferred areas are used as the basis for delimiting the geological siting regions. Some siting regions contain several preferred areas and sometimes more than one host rock type. With the 5-step procedure adopted for narrowing down the geological siting possibilities, 7 sites were identified as possible geological siting regions for the L/ILW repository, and 3 for the HLW repository. In three of the geological siting regions, the possibility exists in principle of siting the L/ILW and HLW repositories together as a so-called 'combined repository'.

  2. Technical expertise on the safety of the proposed geological repository sites. Planning for geological deep repositories, step 1; Sicherheitstechnisches Gutachten zum Vorschlag geologischer Standortgebiete. Sachplan geologische Tiefenlager, Etappe 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-01-15

    On October 17, 2010, on request of those Swiss government institutions responsible for the disposal of radioactive wastes, the National Co-operative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (NAGRA) presented its project concerning geological sites for the foreseen disposal of radioactive wastes to the Federal Authorities. According to the present disposal concept, two types of repository are foreseen: one for highly radioactive wastes (HAA) and the other for low radioactive and intermediate-level radioactive wastes (SMA). If a site fulfils the necessary conditions for both HAA as well as for SMA, a combined site for both types of waste may be chosen. As a qualified control authority in Switzerland, the Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI) has to examine the quality of the NAGRA proposals from the point of view of the nuclear safety of the sites. The project for deep underground waste disposal first defines the process and the criteria according to which sites for the geological storage of all types of radioactive wastes in Switzerland have to be chosen. The choice is based on the actual knowledge of Swiss geology. After dividing the wastes into SMA and HAA, some large-scale areas are to be identified according to their suitability from the geological and tectonic points of view. NAGRA's division of waste into SMA and HAA is based on calculations of the long-term safety for a broad range of different rock types and geological situations and takes the different properties of all waste types into account. As a conclusion, a small portion of SMA has to be stored with {alpha}-toxic wastes in the HAA repository. The estimation of the total volume of wastes to be stored is based on 60 years of operation of the actual nuclear power plants, augmented with the wastes from possible replacement plants with a total power of 5 GW{sub e} during a further 60 years. The safety concept of the repository is based on passive systems using technical and natural barriers. The area necessary for the SMA repository is estimated at 2-3 km{sup 2}, while twice as much is estimated for the HAA repository. The long-term safety of the repository must be guarantied for 100,000 years for SMA and 1 million years for HAA. From the point of view of stability of the geologic underground in Switzerland, the Alps and the North-Western regions are considered to be unsuitable because of geologic faults and higher seismic activity. The eastern part of the Jura and the central sandstone region are, on the contrary, considered to be suitable and, partly, even very suitable. Because of its chemical characteristics and especially its water-tightness, Opalinus clay is the most suitable rock; but for SMA some other sediment rock types lying above the Opalinus clay can also be considered for storage. ENSI approves the 6 sites chosen by NAGRA for SMA and the 3 proposals for HAA

  3. Siting regions for deep geological repositories. Why just here?; Standortgebiete fuer geologische Tiefenlager. Warum gerade hier?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rieser, A

    2009-09-15

    This report helps to the popularization of the Nagra works accomplished for the management and disposal of the radioactive wastes in Switzerland. The programme for management and disposal of the radioactive wastes are extensively determined by regulations. Protection of mankind and environment is the primary objective. The basic storage process is considered as having been solved. The question addressed in the report is where the facility has to be built; the site selection procedure includes five steps: 1) according to their type the wastes have to be allocated to two different repositories: for low- and intermediate-level wastes (L/ILW), and for high-level and alpha-toxic wastes (HLW); 2) the safety concept for both repositories and the requirements on the geology have to be determined; 3) large suitable geological-tectonic zones must be found where repositories could be built; 4) in these geological zones a suitable host rock has to be identified; 5) the most important spatial geological conditions of the host rock (minimum depth with respect to surface erosion, maximum depth in terms of engineering requirements, lateral extent) have to be identified. Based on these criteria, three suitable siting regions for a HLW repository were found in the North of Switzerland. The preferred host rock is Opalinus clay because of its very low permeability; it is therefore an excellent barrier against nuclide transport. In the three proposed siting regions, Opalinus clay is present in sufficient volumes at a suitable depth. For a L/ILW repository six different possible siting regions were identified, five in Northern Switzerland and one in Central Switzerland. In the three siting regions found for a possible HLW repository, it would also be possible to built a combined repository for both HLW and L/ILW wastes.

  4. Radioactive waste disposal programme and siting regions for geological deep repositories. Executive summary. November 2008; Entsorgungsprogramm und Standortgebiete fuer geologische Tiefenlager. Zusammenfassung. November 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-11-15

    There are radioactive wastes in Switzerland. Since many decades they are produced by the operation of the five nuclear power plants, by medicine, industry and research. Important steps towards the disposal of these wastes are already realized; the corresponding activities are practised. This particularly concerns handling and packaging of the radioactive wastes, their characterization and inventory, as well as the interim storage and the inferred transportations. Preparatory works in the field of scientific research on deep geological repositories have allowed to acquire high level of technical and scientific expertise in that domain. The feasibility of building long-term safe geological repositories in Switzerland was demonstrated for all types of radioactive wastes; the demonstration was accepted by the Federal Council. There is enough knowledge to propose geological siting regions for further works. The financial funds already accumulated guaranty the financing of the dismantling of the power plants as well as building deep geological repositories for the radioactive wastes. The regulations already exist and the organisational arrangements necessary for the fruitful continuation of the works already done have been taken. The programme of the disposal of radioactive wastes also describes the next stages towards the timely realization of the deep repositories as well as the level of the financial needs. The programme is updated every five years, checked by the regulatory bodies and accepted by the Federal Council who reports to the parliament. The process of choosing a site, which will be completed in the next years, is detailed in the conceptual part of the programme for deep geological repositories. The NAGRA proposals are based exclusively on technical and scientific considerations; the global evaluation taking into account also political considerations has to be performed by the authorities and the Federal Council. The programme states that at the beginning of the first stage, the producers of the radioactive waste have to propose some geological siting regions to the Federal Office of Energy (SFOE). On behalf of the waste producers NAGRA evaluated geological regions everywhere in Switzerland. Based on this process three regions are proposed to the SFOE for the repository for high-level radioactive wastes (HLW). For the repository for low- and intermediate-level radioactive wastes (L/ILW) six sites were retained. The regions proposed for a HLW repository could also match the requirements for a L/ILW repository.

  5. Proposal for the classification of scenarios for deep geological repositories in probability classes; Vorschlag zur Einordnung von Szenarien fuer tiefe geologische Endlager in Wahrscheinlichkeitsklassen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beuth, Thomas

    2013-03-15

    The provided report was elaborated in the framework of the project 3609R03210 ''Research and Development for Proof of the long-term Safety of Deep Geological Repositories''. It contains a proposal for a methodology that enables the assignment of developed scenarios in the frame of Safety Cases to defined probability classes. The assignment takes place indirectly through the categorization of the defining relevant factors (so-called FEP: Features, Events and Processes) of the respective scenarios also in probability classes. Therefore, decision trees and criteria were developed for the categorization of relevant factors in classes. Besides the description of the methodology another focal point of the work was the application of the method taking into account a defined scenario. By means of the scenario the different steps of the method and the decision criteria were documented, respectively. In addition, potential subjective influences along the path of decisions regarding the assignment of scenarios in probability classes were identified.

  6. Integration of seismic reflection and geologically balanced profiles; Integration reflexionsseismischer und geologisch bilanzierter Profile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambrecht, A. [Trappe Erdoel Erdgas Consultant, Isernhagen (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    Geophysics and geology employ different kinds of techniques in order to preserve the underground structure. These techniques are based on different sets of data, i.e. seismic or geological data. A sensible combination of the two techniques should produce a better model of the ground structure. This study attempts to integrate geologically balanced profiles and seismic reflection data. A balanced geological profile can than be compared with seismic reflection data measured in the field. The geological model is then changed into a seismic model of the underground by means of seismic modeling. Synthetic modeling is based on the acquisition of available field data. The synthetic stack section or the synthetic migration image are then compared to the field data. Deviations between the two can be attributed to speed errors and the fact that balances will never give an unequivocal solution but always present a group of solutions. (orig. MSK). [Deutsch] In der Geophysik und der Geologie werden verschiedene Techniken verwendet, um die Untergrundstruktur zu erhalten. Diese Techniken basieren auf verschiedenen Datensaetzen, z.B. seismische und geologische Daten. Eine sinnvolle Kombination der Techniken sollte ein besseres Abbild des Untergrundes liefern. In dieser Studie wird ein Versuch unternommen geologisch bilanzierte Profile und reflexionsseismische Daten zu integrieren. Soll ein bilanziertes geologisches Profil mit im Feld gemessenen reflexionsseismischen Daten verglichen werden, dann wird das geologische Modell mit Hilfe der seismischen Modellierung in ein seismisches Abbild des Untergrundes verwandelt. Dabei wird die synthetische Modellierung entsprechend der Aquisition der vorliegenden Felddaten durchgefuehrt. Die synthetische Stapelsektion oder das synthetische Migrationsimage werden anschliessend mit den Felddaten verglichen. Abweichungen zwischen beobachteten und Felddaten haben ihre Ursachen sowohl in Geschwindigkeitsfehlern, als auch in der Tatsache, dass eine

  7. Von der Medienwirkungsbehauptung zur erziehungswissenschaftlichen Medienrezeptionsforschung. Vorschlag zur Analyse von Filmkommunikaten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Drinck

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Im Hinblick auf die Erforschung spezifischer Zusammenhänge von Medienkonsum und der Herausbildung von Einstellungen und Handlungen wird eine konstruktivistische Theorieorientierung plausibilisiert, indem zunächst auf den Stand der Medienwirkungsforschung eingegangen und vor dem Hintergrund einer begründeten Kritik des Wirkungsverständnisses auf die Notwendigkeit einer medienrezeptionswissenschaftlichen Forschungsalternative hingewiesen wird. Weiterhin wird der Stand der (erziehungswissenschaftlichen Medienrezeptionsforschung erörtert. Sodann werden Elemente einer konstruktivistischen Methodologie von Medienrezeptionsforschung beschrieben, die am Beispiel der Rezeption von Filmen konkretisiert werden. Dabei wird das Konzept des Kommunikates (S.J. Schmidt als Ausgangspunkt genommen, ein Vorschlag für eine Beschreibungssprache für (Film- Kommunikate entwickelt und eine Adaption des Ansatzes filmischer Narration zur Sprache gebracht.

  8. Schauspielpatienten sind auch "Sprachspiel"-Patienten: Vorschlag zur Modifikation eines didaktischen Modells [Proposal for a linguistic modification of the standardised patient didactic model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmid-Ott, Gerhard

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] By introducing the term “language game” (Wittgenstein, this paper tries to modify the didactic model of the standardized patient. Using the example of chronic neck pain syndrome, we try to show that the illness-associated “language game” has its own metaphorical dynamics. These metaphorical dynamics incorporate challenges and pitfalls for explorative, diagnostic, and therapeutic interventions. Historical predecessors of the language game concept, as well as recent critical remarks concerning classifying and standardizing patients and their diseases by language markers, are discussed.[german] Der Artikel entwickelt einen Vorschlag für die sprachorientierte Modifikation der klinischen Didaktik mit Schauspielpatienten. Hierzu wird der Terminus „Sprachspiel“ (Wittgenstein eingeführt. Es wird am Beispiel des chronifizierten HWS-Syndroms gezeigt, dass den mit Krankheit assoziierten Sprachspielen eine metaphorische Eigendynamik innewohnt. Letztere kann eine spezifische Herausforderung für explorative, diagnostische und therapeutische Interventionen beinhalten. Abschließend werden historische Parallelen dieses Sprachspiel-Konzepts sowie aktuelle Einwände gegen eine sprachliche Typisierung von Patienten und ihren Krankheiten zu Lehrzwecken diskutiert.

  9. Zur Geschichte der Geowissenschaften im Museum für Naturkunde zu Berlin. Teil 6: Geschichte des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Instituts und Museums der Universität Berlin 1910–2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Gross

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Entwicklung des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Instituts und Museums der Universität Berlin von einer Institution, die Geologie zusammen mit Paläontologie als eine Einheit vertrat, über eine Institution, die eine geotektonische Ausrichtung hatte, zu einer auf Paläontologie konzentrierten Institution wird nachvollzogen. Die beiden Institutsdirektoren am Anfang des 20sten Jahrhunderts waren Vertreter der allumfassenden Geologie des 19ten Jahrhunderts, während die beiden folgenden Direktoren eine Geologie ohne Paläontologie vertraten. Das führte zu einer Trennung der beiden Richtungen, und nach der III. Hochschulreform der DDR 1968 verblieb allein die sammlungsbezogene Paläontologie am Museum. Nach der Wiedervereinigung wurde ein Institut für Paläontologie mit biologischer Ausrichtung mit zwei Professuren, einer für Paläozoologie und einer für Paläobotanik, eingerichtet. The development of the Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut und Museum of the Museum für Naturkunde at the Humboldt University (formerly Friedrich-Wilhelm-Universität in Berlin from a geology-paleontology institution to a pure paleontology institution is described. The first two directors of the department in the beginning of the 20th century, Prof, von Branca and Prof. Pompeckj, represented a 19th century concept of a geology, which included paleontology, even vertebrate paleontology as the crown jewel of geology. They fought sometimes vigorously against a separation of paleontology from geology. The next two directors. Prof. Stille and Prof, von Bubnoff, were the leading geologists in Germany; to be a student of Stille was a special trade mark in geology of Germany. They represented a geology centered on tectonics. The separation of paleontology as separate section was prepared. The destructions of the Second World War, the following restaurations and the division of Germany into two States influenced strongly their directorships. The education of geologists

  10. Geological structure and the history of hydrocarbon exploration in the area of the Luetow and Heringsdorf structures on the island of Usedom; Geologischer Bau und Entwicklung der Erdoelprospektion im Bereich der Strukturen Luetow und Heringsdorf/Usedom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beer, H. [Landesamt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe Brandenburg, Kleinmachnow (Germany); Muenzberger, E. [Geologisches Inst., Greifswald Univ. (Germany); Sommer, S. [Erdoel-Erdgas Gommern GmbH, Gommern (Germany)

    1993-12-31

    Economic oil and gas accumulations were discovered in the marginal facies of the Stassfurt carbonate as a result of exploration work for oil and gas on the northeastern margin of the German Zechstein Basin. The accumulations are associated with anticlinal structures on the shelf margin, the carbonate-sand barrier zone. Carbonate sands (grainstone, in some cases packstone) form the reservoirs; in most of them the true porosity is accompanied by a minor joint porosity, and often the top of the reservoir is cemented by anhydrite. All deposits are filled with hydrocarbons up to the spill point; the traps are inferred to have been filled during Late Kimmerian to Laramian, some of them post Laramian. An account is given of the exploration methods, the geological structure, the development of the trap structure, the nature of the reservoir, and data on the type of deposit and production methods used. (orig.) [Deutsch] Prospektionsarbeiten auf Erdoel-Erdgasvorkommen am NE-Rand des Germanischen Zechsteinbeckens haben in der randnahen Fazies des Stassfurtkarbonats wirtschaftlich fuendige Oel- und Gas-Lagerstaetten erschlossen. Die Vorkommen sind an antiklinalartige Strukturen des Plattformrandes, and die Karbonatsand-Barrenzone gebunden. Speicher sind Karbonatsande (grainstone, z.T. packstone), ausgebildet als Porenspeicher, meist mit Kluftspeicheranteilen, gegen das Hangende haeufig anhydritzementiert. Alle Lager sind bis zum spill-point KW-gefuellt; die Fallenfuellung wird spaetkimmerisch bis laramisch, teils postlaramisch angesetzt. Dargestellt werden die Aufschlussmethodik, der geologische Aufbau und die Entwicklung der Struktur/Falle, die Speicherbeschaffenheit bis hin zu speziellen Daten des Lagerstaettencharakters und des Lagerstaettenabbaus. (orig.)

  11. Buffon (1707-1788) als geologischer Pionier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibold, Eugen; Seibold, Ilse

    2009-12-01

    During the eighteenth century Paris was the center of Enlightenment. By the scientific revolution at the end of the Middle Ages man lost his central position for the intellectual thoughts. Nature became increasingly the focus of research. In addition to the descriptive inventory physical-technological thinking based on mathematics also progressed. In this transition period was Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon a typical representative (1707-1788) (Fig. 1). He was both a man of letters, a philosopher and also familiar with the mathematics, biology and geology of his time. Besides, he became also an entrepreneur. Though geology occupies a much less important place than biology in his publications, he became a pioneer in this field. He arranged the former purely descriptive Histoire naturelle in seven Periods, with a directional evolution of the earth: cooling from a molten mass to a future earth covered completely with ice. Amidst this evolution the sea had covered our globe completely. Then the sea level sunk continuously. The propagation of these two directional trends was pioneer work. Nevertheless he allowed also some transgressions. To better understand the sea bottom of former times he stressed on the importance of observations of present processes in the sea and on land. He is therefore also a pioneer of actualism, and thus must be discussed together with Füchsel and Werner, as well as with Hutton and Lyell, the former as classical representatives of a primarily historical geology, the two others as pioneers of physical geology asking for processes and their causes. Finally he tried to solve the question of the exact age of our earth experimentally. In his iron works (Fig. 2) he observed the cooling of cast iron globes with different diameters (Fig. 3). From the results he published an age of some 75,000 years, a pioneer approach and statement too. Privately he discussed even millions of years. Of course many of his ideas sharply contradicted a verbal interpretation of biblical texts. Therefore, he had repeated conflicts with the Theological Faculty of the Sorbonne.[Figure not available: see fulltext.][Figure not available: see fulltext.][Figure not available: see fulltext.

  12. Ein etymologischer Vorschlag: heth. aruna- (c.) "Meer"

    OpenAIRE

    Metka Furlan

    1993-01-01

    Das Substantiv aruna- (c.) »Meer« gehort innerhalb des evidentierten hethiti­ schen Wortschatzes zu demjenigen, der in Texten gut belegt ist, der eine bekannte und konstante Bedeutung hat (aruna- = A.AB.BA = akad. Tiamtum/tâmtu) und der in der synchronen Sprachebene mit keinem Lexem derselben Sprache vereinbar ist, als nur mit wenigen Lexemen derselben Wortfamilie, vgl. arunumana- (Adj.) »maritimus« •

  13. Ein etymologischer Vorschlag: heth. aruna- (c. "Meer"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metka Furlan

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Das Substantiv aruna- (c. »Meer« gehort innerhalb des evidentierten hethiti­ schen Wortschatzes zu demjenigen, der in Texten gut belegt ist, der eine bekannte und konstante Bedeutung hat (aruna- = A.AB.BA = akad. Tiamtum/tâmtu und der in der synchronen Sprachebene mit keinem Lexem derselben Sprache vereinbar ist, als nur mit wenigen Lexemen derselben Wortfamilie, vgl. arunumana- (Adj. »maritimus« •

  14. Pollenanalytisch en Geologisch onderzoek van het Onder- en Midden-Pleistoceen van Noord-Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, A.

    1949-01-01

    Pollen analytical and geological investigations of the Lower and Middle Pleistocene in the Northern Netherlands. The Pleistocene deposits in the northern part of the Netherlands, form through their extreme thickness up to more than 300 m, a promising object for study from the stratigraphical point o

  15. Radon protection problems in geologicly/miningly influenced locations; Radonschutzprobleme in geologisch/bergbaulich beeinflussten Standorten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leissring, Bernd [Bergtechnisches Ingenieurbuero GEOPRAX Bernd Leissring und Nick Leissring GbR, Chemnitz (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    Regions with special geologic and mining circumstances can lead to higher radon loads in the ground air. Are such locations built on by buildings, higher radon concentrations are preassigned and proved. By tracer gas analysis check-ups you can clearly prove the influences by radon, which accumulates in the mining buildings and its migration into the building area / buildings. The exhaustive area covering loads were also recorded by radon measurements in the buildings. Steady monthly long time measurements in over 100 buildings in Schneeberg show dynamics of the influences at changes of the weather movements in the underground hollows. Changes of the weather streams in the mining area lead to change of the radon concentration in the measured houses.At radon redevelopments in the mining cities the mining conditioned influxes into the houses must be exhaustively considered.

  16. Musik und Sprache: Vorschlag für ein integratives Modell

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miani, Alessandro; Gretenkort, Tobias

    2016-01-01

    This chapter describes the structural similarities between music and language, in pursuit of a strong argument for the hypothesis that music and language are not categorically different from one another, but placed on the same continuum. Hence, we propose an integrative model. Analyzing...... their denotative and connotative levels, a crucial systemic difference emerged: while in language these levels rely on semantics, in music they depend on syntax and semantics, respectively. Thus, musical syntax and semantics are merged into a unique system that cannot be split. Indeed, an analysis of musical intra......- and extra-systemic meanings suggests, that music seems to be to a certain degree auto-referential, while language’s main function is extra-referential. This, ultimately, leads to the difficulty of translating different semiotic systems into one another. We argue that a translation is notwithstanding...

  17. Geological characterization of deep reservoir and barrier horizons in Germany. Storage Catalogue of Germany; Geologische Charakterisierung tiefliegender Speicher- und Barrierehorizonte in Deutschland. Speicher-Kataster Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, Christian [Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Berlin (Germany); Reinhold, Klaus (eds.) [Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Within the series of publication under consideration of the German Society for Geosciences e.V. (Hanover, Federal Republic of Germany) the following contributions are presented: (1) Storage potential of the deeper subsurface - Overview and results from the project Storage Catalogue of Germany (K. Reinhold); (2) Information system on geological reservoir and barrier rock units (Storage Catalogue of Germany) (C. Riesenberg); (3) Distribution and properties of Mesozoic sandstones and barrier rocks in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg- Basic information on possible energetic utilisation of the deeper subsurface (H. Kaufhold); (4) Geological characterization of potential reservoir and barrier rock units in Mecklenburg - Western Pomerania (J. Brandes); (5)Reservoir and barrier rocks in the deep underground of Brandenburg and Berlin (A. Bebiolka); (6) Deep aquifers in Saxony-Anhalt and their potential for the underground storage (K. Reinhold); (7) Distribution and characterization of deep reservoir and barrier horizons in Lower Saxony and Bremen (S. Knopf); (8) Geological characterization of reservoir and barrier rocks in North Rhine-Westphalia (M. Doelling); (9) CO{sub 2} storage potential in deep saline aquifers in the state of Hesse, Germany (A. Koett); (10) Geological characterization of reservoir and barrier rocks in the deeper subsurface of the Free State of Thuringia (Germany) (H. Huckriede); (11) Storage potential in the deeper subsurface of Saarland and Rhineland-Palatina (J. Haneke); (12) Storage potential in the deeper subsurface of Saarland and Baden-Wuerttemberg (C. Fehn); (13) Deep reservoir and barrier rock units in Bavaria - an overview (G.W. Diepolder).

  18. „Warum ich nicht Diorit-Trachyt sagen soll.“ – Ein geologischer Brief Gustav Roses an Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Treuber

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Gustav Rose (1798-1873 begleitete Alexander von Humboldt auf seiner Russlandreise und stand bis zu Humboldts Tod persönlich und postalisch zum ihm in Kontakt. Die Edition des vorliegenden Briefs zielt darauf ab, die Bedeutung der Person Gustav Rose in ihrer Beziehung zu Alexander von Humboldt und ihrem Einfluss auf den mineralogisch-geologischen Teil des Kosmos zu beleuchten und dem Leser dieses interessante historische Dokument zugänglich zu machen. Abstract Gustav Rose (1798-1873 accompanied Humboldt on his journey to Russia. He kept in touch with Humboldt after this expedition until Humboldt died in 1859. The edition of the letter at hand aims at highlighting Rose’s relation to Humboldt and how he influenced the geological and mineralogical part of the Kosmos. It shall also make this impressive historical document accessible to readers by providing illustrating annotations.

  19. Planning geological underground repositories - Communicating with society; Sachplan geologische Tiefenlager - Forschungsprojekt 'Kommunikation mit der Gesellschaft': Wissenschaftlicher Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schenkel, W. [synergo, Mobilitaet-Politik-Raum, Zuerich (Switzerland); Gallego Carrera, D.; Renn, O.; Dreyer, M. [Dialogik gemeinnuetzige GmbH, Kommunikations- und Kooperationsforschung, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2009-06-15

    The project 'Planning geological underground repositories: Communicating with society', financed by the Swiss Federal Office for Energy, aimed at identifying basic principles for an appropriate information and communication strategy in the process of finding an underground site to store radioactive wastes. The topic concerns an issue increasingly discussed in modern societies: How to improve the dialogue between science, infrastructure operators, public authorities, groups in civil society and the population to answer complex problems? Against this background, in the project the following questions were taken into account: (i) How can the dialogue between science, politics, economy, and the (non-)organised public be arranged appropriately? Which principles are to be considered in organising this process? How can distrust within the population be reduced and confidence in authorities and scientific expertise be increased? (ii) How can society be integrated in the process of decision-making so that this process is perceived as comprehensible, acceptable and legitimate? To answer these questions, an analysis method based on scientific theory and methodology was developed, which compares national participation and communication processes in finding underground storage sites in selected countries. Case studies have been carried out in Germany, Sweden, Belgium, and Switzerland. By using specific criteria to evaluate communication processes, the strong points as well as the drawbacks of the country-specific concepts of information, communication and participation have been analysed in a comparing dimension. By taking into account the outcomes, prototypical scenarios have been deduced that can serve as a basis for compiling a reference catalogue of measures, which is meant to support the Swiss communication strategy in the finding of an appropriate site for a nuclear waste repository. Following conclusions can be drawn from the international comparison: (i) Open and transparent communication builds-up trust: information must be accessible to everyone; experts have to be understandable for everyone. (ii) Actor roles have to be communicated: too many communicators and/or not clearly defined roles diminish credibility. - Communication on regional and local levels has priority: communicators are persons, not anonymous organisations; however, do not forget national communication. (iii) Best communication is public participation: it builds up expertise and ability to judge. (iv) Communication needs sufficient and fair distributed resources. The empirical results of this research project have been translated into a separate brochure with guidelines for the communication throughout the oncoming site selection process in Switzerland. (authors)

  20. Metatheoriebildung in der dialogischen Konfliktbearbeitung – ein konzeptioneller Vorschlag am Beispiel der Konflikttransformation nach Galtung und des Konfliktmanagements nach Glasl und des Integralen Ansatzes nach Wilber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karim Fathi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Extended Abstract in English Given the increasingly complex nature of conflicts, a corresponding increase of new methods can be observed in Peace and Conflict Studies. At this juncture, metatheories aimed at integrating this labyrinth of diverse methods is becoming necessary. This paper will draft a conceptual proposal, discussing two well-known holistic approaches of mediative conflict management in an integrative context:- The Conflict Management Approach by Prof. Dr. Friedrich Glasl (2004.- The Conflict Transformation Approach (The Transcend Method by Prof. Dr. Johan Galtung (2000. The theoretical assumptions of this paper are based on the integral approach by Ken Wilber (2001 – a highly discussed “Theory of Everything“ that has thus far remained widely ignored in Peace and Conflict Studies, yet. Therefore, it is also of interest to scrutinise the integral approach with regard to its contribution for an integrated Peace and Conflict Studies. The analysis was conducted as follows: 1. Introduction of two holistic Peace and Conflict Studies approaches: a. The Conflict Management Approach by Glasl implies a number of categories and entry points (Ansatzmomente resulting in a complex intervention spectrum. In this regard, the consideration of escalation levels is highly important, integrating perception-oriented (low escalation, emotion-oriented (medium escalation and behaviour-oriented (high escalation measures. The spectrum may be combined with other categories such as conflict type (hot or cold or criteria of conflict analysis (issues, conflict trends etc.. b. The Conflict Transformation Approach by Galtung is characterised by a three-fold schematic, enabling a complex understanding of violence (direct, cultural, structural, conflict (behaviour, assumptions, contradictions and peace (non-violence, empathy, creativity. Moreover, Galtung’s model implies three conflict phases (before, during, after violence as well as five styles of conflict management. c. The integral approach can be understood as a “Theory of Everything“ presupposing that no perspective can be 100% wrong (but “partially true”. Its methodology is based on “map making” by categorizing established paradigms, methods and theories in a holistic metacontext. By means of five categories – quadrants, levels, lines, types, states (altogether AQAL: All Quadrants All Lines – the integral approach claims to consider as many aspects of reality as possible in a holistic concept. 2. Outline of an integration model: a. Possibility of an epistemological integration of the introduced methods:The five AQAL-dimensions enable the epistemological foci of the approaches by Galtung and Glasl to be revealed. A point in which both approaches may complement each other becomes apparent by combining a vertical spectrum of escalation levels (Glasl and a horizontal axis of different fields of violence (Galtung. It might be of further research interest to analyse the potential extent of a correlation to evolution oriented level schemes (Wilber, e.g., referring to development psychology or evolution theory. Are there different development levels (Wilber of direct, cultural and structural violence (Galtung? Is there a correlation between levels of development (Wilber and regression (Glasl? This paper concludes for both cases a cautious “yes.” In doing so, the consideration of the other AQAL-dimensions (types, lines, states provides further information. b. Proposal for an integral heuristic:The consideration of vertical (levels and horizontal (quadrants, types, lines AQAL-categories is also useful to integrate heuristics. However, the integral approach itself does not represent a method of heuristic and practical effect, though it is useful to adapt the AQAL-categories and to consider new tools that are highly relevant for the Peace and Conflict Studies. The heuristic integral concept is based on the vertical conflict scheme by Galtung (three conflict phases and Glasl (escalation model and additionally considers horizontal analysis categories

  1. Der Kriterienkatalog der DEGAM für die Befugnis zur Facharztweiterbildung Allgemeinmedizin − ein Vorschlag zur Einschätzung der Strukturqualität in Weiterbildungspraxen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egidi, Günther

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Whilst the structure of primary care vocational training in Germany is being increasingly formalized there remains an abundance of disparate locally defined criteria for the training practices. Advanced medical training in the ambulatory setting has also been identified as an area of need by other specialties. Goal: In contrast to the current practice of a unregulated authorization by regional medical associations this catalogue provide transparent, clearly defined criteria for the assignment of training practice status.Methods: The first draft of the criteria catalogue integrates feedback from 30 academic general practitioners. The feasibility of the catalogue was tested by a further 30 surgeries. Analysis included an assessment of the sociodemographic characteristics of the trainers and their practices as well as satisfaction of the participants with the approved authorization period.Results: The criteria catalogue comprises 19 items within the domains of trainer qualification, practice infrastructure and patient specific factors as well as mandatory criteria. The points scored through this system confer a variable period of authorization. Of the 30 participants 17 were satisfied with the period of authorization they received, 10 were dissatisfied, and one was indifferent.Satisfaction showed no correlation with sex, experience as a trainer, or with the score achieved through the criteria catalogue. It correlated little with the length of time practicing as a doctor.Conclusion: The criteria catalogue reflects both the breadth of general practice as well as the skills of the trainers. Satisfaction of participants in the test group was good, and infers a basis for applying the catalogue through regional medical associations to assign teaching practice status. It may also be used as a blue-print for other medical specialties.

  2. Mittelplate A23/A23M1. Geological and reservoir engineering concept of a dual-lateral well; Mittelplate A23/A23M1. Geologisches und lagerstaettentechnisches Konzept einer Duolateralbohrung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osivandi, K.; Racher, D. [RWE Dea AG, Hamburg (Germany)

    2011-07-15

    The Mittelplate Oil Field is situated in the German Wadden Sea in the West Holstein Trough in the concession Heide/Buesum, about 100 km northwest of Hamburg. Operator is RWE Dea AG (50%), and the partner is Wintershall Holding GmbH (50%). Besides the reservoir layers of the Dogger Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, and Zeta, the shallow-marine/deltaic sandstone-shale-succession of the Dogger Beta (with its five oil-bearing sandstones of 1-5 m thickness each) forms the laterally widespread reservoir which was the target for Germany's and RWE Dea AG's first pressure-tight multilateral well. So far the Dogger-Beta-Reservoir has been developed with wells from the artificial island Mittelplate A using a 5-spot pattern with a successive concentric concept. In order to reduce the costs and effectively make use of the limited amount of slots, the development concept should be improved by implementing the multilateral technology. By targeting three drainage areas in total, the multilateral well Mittelplate A23/A23M1 was planned to produce oil at an initial rate of ca. 400 m{sup 3}/d. In order to achieve a horizontal interval of ca. 2640 m length, several LWD measurements including Gamma Ray- and Density- Images and Deep-Directional-Resistivity logs were necessary. The long horizontal exposure of the oil-bearing sandstone layers as well as the tangent sections for placement of the electrical submersible pump (ESP) and junction above the reservoir represented the main challenges during geological planning and realtime geosteering. A total perforation length of 1360 m was achieved, taking into account the required distances to neighboring producer wells and the laterally varying pore pressures. According to the latest production history of the well, a cumulative production of about 10% more than initially planned are expected after an initial production rate of 735 m{sup 3}/d. Thanks to the successful application of the multilateral technology and geosteering within the thin-bedded Dogger Beta sandstones in Mittelplate, further projects can be planned which target several drainage areas from a single slot. (orig.)

  3. Swiss plans for deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes - Basics for communication at the localities affected; Sachplan geologische Tiefenlager. Forschungsprojekt 'Kommunikation mit der Gesellschaft': Grundlagen fuer die Kommunikation in den Standortregionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallego Carrera, D.; Renn, O.; Dreyer, M.

    2009-06-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the concept of how information concerning deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes should be presented and communicated to those in the areas which have been designated as potential sites for the repositories. Communication basics based on scientific knowledge in this area are discussed. The importance of a concept for general communication and risk-communication as a particular challenge are discussed. Trust and transparency are quoted as being indispensable in this connection. Ways of dealing with various target audiences and the media are examined. The report is concluded with a check-list that deals with important questions arising from the process of communicating information on deep geological repositories for radioactive wastes

  4. Deep geological repositories in the UK. Current underground planning and competency requirements for waste packaging systems; Geologisches Endlager in Grossbritannien. Stand der Planungen unter Tage und Anforderungen an endlagerfaehige Abfallgebinde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messer, Matthias [GNS Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear-Service mbH, Essen (Germany). Projects UK

    2015-07-01

    Nuclear fission has been used for commercial electricity generation in the UK since 1956. This early (and world first) entry into the nuclear energy industry has created a huge challenge in the form of waste disposal and decommissioning, as many of the original facilities have left behind types of waste that by today's standards are both abnormal and also poorly documented. The UK has already agreed on the concept of using deep geological format ions for the permanent storage of this waste, and the material yet to be produced. However, the choice of site is still undecided. This paper outlines the main issues at stake and discusses the previous approach and future proposals for the construction of a permanent waste repository in the United Kingdom.

  5. Ontology of Bio-Medical Educational Objectives (OBEO: ein Vorschlag für eine Ontologie medizinischer Lernziele / A proposal for an Ontology of Bio-Medical Educational Objectives (OBEO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boeker, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The Ontology of Bio-Medical Educational Objectives (OBEO is a formal ontology for the annotation of educational objective catalogues and learning object resources to improve their usability. OBEO has been designed to allow semantic retrieval and navigation of educational objectives as well as the solution of questions in regard to consistency, sequence and correctness of educational objectives in databases. Methods: To specify OBEO various educational objective taxonomies and catalogues were analyzed and a requirements analysis was performed. OBEO was developed on the foundation of the top-level ontology Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering (DOLCE and the upper-level ontology BioTop. It was implemented in the Web Ontology Language (OWL. Medical content is bound by links to reference terminologies and ontologies. Results: OBEO provides classes and relations for the correct and almost complete representation of educational objectives. OBEO formalizes the relations between educational objective specifications and the concrete actions which realize them as well as the medical contents which are bound to them. Although OBEO uses only few own classes and relations, its complexity is already extensive. Conclusion: OBEO is a prototypical tool to annotate existing and developing educational objective catalogues and learning object resources for their better usability. OBEO has to be further developed and improved in regard to the representation of medical content in educational objectives and the inclusion of curricular context of educational objectives. The formal representation of OBEO enables the retrieval and navigation of annotated data in regard to content.

  6. Proposal for a European standard dealing with measuring methods for fine particulate emissions of solid-fuel fired furnaces; Vorschlag einer europaeischen Staubmessnorm fuer Feststoff-Feuerstaetten - Ausarbeitung und Untersuchung eines Typenpruef-Messverfahrens fuer Staubemissionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaegauf, Ch. [Oekozentrum, Langenbruck (Switzerland); Griffin, T. [Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz/ITFE, Muttenz (Switzerland)

    2007-10-15

    The European standards for type testing of solid fuel burning appliances require only the measurement of carbon monoxide emissions. Many European countries urge the standardisation committees to establish standards for the regulation of fine particulate emissions from flue gases since they face exceeding threshold values of particulate matter in the ambient air. The Technical Committee CEN/TC 295 for the standardisation of solid fuel burning appliances assigned the Centre for Appropriate Technology in Langenbruck, Switzerland with the development of a European Technical Specification (CEN TS) for the determination of particulate emission. The new draft of the TS is based on constant volume sampling (CVS) of the entire flue gas flow in a dilution tunnel. The scientific research has been done in the Swiss test laboratory for solid fuel burning appliances and boilers at the University of Applied Sciences, in Basle. The TS is designed in such a way that it can be integrated into the test cycles required by various European standards. The investigation covered work on parameters such as dilution factor, sampling temperature and isokinetics. Tests with a wood log burning appliance and a pellet stove showed that emissions in the dilution tunnel were between 7% and 26% for the pellet stove and from 40% up to 160% higher if they were sampled directly from the stack using heated gravimetric filters. It was demonstrated that the differences between the emissions seen in the dilution tunnel and those from the stack increased along with increasing levels of incomplete combustion. (author)

  7. The green electricity market model. Proposal for an optional, cost-neutral direct marketing model for supplying electricity customers; Das Gruenstrommarktmodell. Vorschlag fuer ein optionales und kostenneutrales Direktvermarktungsmodell zur Versorgung von Stromkunden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinemann, Ronald [NATURSTROM AG, Berlin (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    One of the main goals of the Renewable Energy Law (EEG) is the market integration of renewable energy resources. For this purpose it has introduced compulsory direct marketing on the basis of a moving market premium. At the same time the green electricity privilege, a regulation which made it possible for customers to be supplied with electricity from EEG plants, has been abolished without substitution with effect from 1 August 2014. This means that, aside from other direct marketing channels, which will not be economically viable save for in a few exceptional cases, it will no longer be possible in future to sell electricity from EEG plants to electricity customers under the designation ''electricity from renewable energy''. The reason for this is that electricity sold under the market premium model can no longer justifiably be said to originate from renewable energy. As a consequence, almost all green electricity products sold in Germany carry a foreign green electricity certificate.

  8. Determining the climate impact of the German government's Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) and proposing a plan to continuously monitor its climate impact. Summary; Ermittlung der Klimaschutzwirkung des Integrierten Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramms der Bundesregierung IEKP und Vorschlag fuer ein Konzept zur kontinuierlichen Ueberpruefung der Klimaschutzwirkung des IEKP. Zusammenfassung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doll, Claus; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Fleiter, Tobias [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe (DE)] (and others)

    2012-02-15

    In August 2007, key elements for an Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) were adopted in the so-called Meseberg Decisions. This programme will contribute towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Germany by 40 % by the year 2020. The Meseberg Decisions were implemented in two packages, which mainly contain legislative amendments and support measures. On 5 December 2007 the German cabinet presented a comprehensive package of 14 laws and regulations which the German Bundestag passed on 6 June 2008 (IEKP I). This is in addition to the measures already in place such as the KfW programme (building refurbishment programme to reduce CO{sub 2}, the ''special energy efficiency programme for SMEs'' etc.). A second package with further legislative proposals (IEKP II) was made public on 18 June 2008. Thus essential elements of the Meseberg Decisions of 2007 are already being implemented. Moreover, there are other measures of the Meseberg programme which are relevant in an EU or in an international framework. What contribution the climate protection instruments enacted under IEKP will really make to this goal must be evaluated on the basis of the concrete design (and in future the concrete implementation), in order to provide policy-makers with decision-making support when further developing climate protection policy. The Integrated Energy and Climate Programme foresees that every two years the federal government should account for the emission reductions achieved thereby and the impacts of the individual measures (programme monitoring). The present research project was conducted in preparation for this objective. Specifically, the project should meet the following goals: 1. To assess how the Meseberg Decisions of August 2007 have been implemented in specific, effective instruments at national or European level (qualitative evaluation of each instrument and the total package). 2. To create a monitoring plan for comprehensive, regular evaluation of the IEKP measures which enables a periodic comparison with the projections at fixed points in time. 3. To determine how the instruments specified in IEKP, which have been implemented partly at national, and partly at EU level, will affect the emissions of greenhouse gases up to the year 2020 (quantitative evaluation). With this end in view, the first version of the monitoring plan should be implemented as an Excel tool which will enable the effects to be updated annually, possibly by simplifications compared with a detailed modelling approach.

  9. Proposal for a decision of the EC Council concerning the planning of a sectoral R and D programme in the field of raw materials, 1982 to 1985. Vorschlag fuer einen Beschluss des Rates zur Festlegung eines sektoralen Forschungs- und Entwicklungsprogrammes auf dem Gebiet der Rohstoffe 1982 bis 1985

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    The subprogramme II of the research programme is concerned with the update of the first R + D programme in the field of uranium prospecting and mining which was accepted by the Council on 6th March 1978. This decision (78/246/EURATOM) was amended by the Council on 28th April 1981. The new decision schedules a five-year run for the first programme, expiring on 31st December 1982. The contents of the prolonged programme corresponds to the proposed subprogramme. The problem includes two research fields: research field I: uranium prospecting, res. field II: uranium mining and recovery. Document COM(80)382 endg. is a detailed description of subprogramme II. Additional means shall be required for prolonging the subprogramme beyond the year 1982.

  10. Migration of Pu, Am, Np en Tc in aquifers, K-d values and geochemical aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordijk H; Prins M; Pennders RMJ; Frissel MJ

    1988-01-01

    Het Nederlandse onderzoek naar de opslag van radioactief afval in geologische lagen wordt gecoordineerd door de commissie (OPberging te LAnd). Opslag in ondergrondse zoutformaties lijkt voor de Nederlandse situatie de meest geschikte oplossing. Mogelijke terugkeer van de radionucliden in de

  11. Het verzwolgen cultuurlandschap : archeologische sporen van middeleeuwse infrastructuur in westelijk Zeeuws-Vlaanderen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lehouck, A.J.J.

    2005-01-01

    Historische reconstructie van het landschap in de regio Oostburg; met behulp van luchtfoto's komen oude greppels aan het licht; kaartfragmenten van voormalig getijdengebied en vernieuwd kwartair-geologisch onderzoek in het kustgebied werpen nieuwe gezichtspunten op het bestaan van getijdengeulen

  12. De bruikbaarheid van een Reservoir-Analytische aanpak voor de Inventarisatie van Hydrogeologische Gegevens. Uitwerking voor het Gebied Zuidwending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beekman; H.E.; Geluk; M.C.*; Wildenborg; A.F.B.

    1986-01-01

    Studies van de genese, en de geologische geschiedenis van laagpakketten volgens een reservoir-analytische aanpak verschaffen inzicht in de ruimtelijke verdeling van, en daarmee contrasten in, hydrogeologische karakteristieken in de 'blanke ; gebieden, waar weinig gegevens beschikbaar zijn,

  13. Zur systematischen Stellung der Caprifoliaceengattung Kolkwitzia Graebn

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weberling, Focko

    1966-01-01

    Auf Grund ihres Fruchtknotenbaues konnte die Gattung Kolkwitzia schon bei ihrer Beschreibung durch Graebner (1901a) den Linnaeeae zugeordnet werden, und zwar gehört sie nach Graebner “unmittelbar neben Linnaea”. Dabei ist freilich zu bemerken, dass Graebner (1901b) dem Vorschlage von (Braun und) Vat

  14. Folgebewertung im vorratsvermögen - Fallstudie zur Vorgehensweise nach IFSR und HGB

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quick, Reiner; Warming-Rasmussen, Bent

    2013-01-01

    über die wichstigsten Normen zur Folgebeweriung nach IFSR und HGB sowie zu deren Auslegung. Es schliessen sich ein Fallbeispiel und ein Vorschlag zu dessen Lösung an, in dessen Mittelpunkt sinkende Zeitwerte, die Frage des für die Folgebewerunng relevanten Markts und das Zuschreibungsgebot stehen....

  15. Determining the climate impact of the German government's Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) and proposing a plan to continuously monitor its climate impact. Work package 1. Qualitative assessment of the instruments in an Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP); Ermittlung der Klimaschutzwirkung des Integrierten Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramms der Bundesregierung IEKP und Vorschlag fuer ein Konzept zur kontinuierlichen Ueberpruefung der Klimaschutzwirkung des IEKP. Arbeitspaket 1. Qualitative Einschaetzung der Instrumente im Integrierten Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramm (IEKP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doll, Claus; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Fleiter, Tobias [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe (DE)] (and others)

    2012-02-15

    In August 2007, the key elements for an integrated energy and climate program (IECP) were adopted within the Meseberg resolutions. The implementation of the Meseberg resolutions were performed in three packages primarily including amending laws as well as support measures. The authors of the contribution under consideration compare the climate protection instruments realized by IECP with the presentations in the IECP. This comparison is based on an analysis of documents and research projects in the periphery of the IECP and on a survey of target groups and other relevant actors on the effectiveness of the IECP mechanisms. The result of this comparison is summarized in form of 27 measures.

  16. Determining the climate impact of the German government's Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) and proposing a plan to continuously monitor its climate impact. Work package 3. Description of monitoring tools for the Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP); Ermittlung der Klimaschutzwirkung des Integrierten Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramms der Bundesregierung IEKP und Vorschlag fuer ein Konzept zur kontinuierlichen Ueberpruefung der Klimaschutzwirkung des IEKP. Arbeitspaket 3. Beschreibung des Monitoringtools fuer das Integrierte Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramm (IEKP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doll, Claus; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Fleiter, Tobias [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe (DE)] (and others)

    2012-02-15

    The reports on the Work Packages 1 and 2 describe the development of the monitoring concept for the individual measures of the integrated energy and climate program (IEKP). In the third work package, the monitoring concept was developed in an Excel tool presenting the actual output of the third work package The authors of the contribution under consideration describe the functionality of this Excel tool.

  17. Action programme of the Community in the field of efficient energy utilization (REN) - 2nd series, guidelines and recommendations. Proposal for guideline of the Council concerning performance, regulation, maintenance and control of heat generators as well as the insulation of heat distribution networks in new buildings. Aktionsprogramm der Gemeinschaft im Bereich der rationellen Energienutzung (REN) - 2. Serie, Richtlinien und Empfehlung. Vorschlag fuer eine Richtlinie des Rates betreffend Leistung, Regelung, Wartung und Kontrolle von Waermeerzeugern sowie die Isolierung der Waermeverteilungsnetze in Neubauten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-06-01

    Within the framework of the action program of the Community for efficient energy utilization, the Commission suggests to the Council to issue a guideline on the basis of which member states make sure that every type of heat generator for space heating and central hot water supply in new buildings is subjected to construction type licensing through appropriate inspectorates; heat generators according to this guideline are fossil-fuel fired hot water boilers, steam boilers and warm air generators. Another recommendation is proposed to the member states according to which the heating systems in new public buildings are fitted with automatic control in order that room temperatures do not exceed 20/sup 0/C; in new residential buildings the heat flow is to be regulated in dependence of outer and inner temperature, the temperature of service water is not to exceed 60/sup 0/C, and every room is to be fitted during construction work with measuring devices for heat and hot water supply. A further recommendation concerns the setup of internal organization units for carrying out energy conservation programmes. Finally, it is recommended that individual member states make use of advisory bodies for combined heat/power production; they are to advocate in particular an increase in heat supply from public power stations, if this is economically justified, and a concentration of heat generation and increased application of combined heat/power production in industry.

  18. Determining the climate impact of the German government's Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP) and proposing a plan to continuously monitor its climate impact. Work package 2. Development of monitoring tools for the Integrated Energy and Climate Programme (IEKP); Ermittlung der Klimaschutzwirkung des Integrierten Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramms der Bundesregierung IEKP und Vorschlag fuer ein Konzept zur kontinuierlichen Ueberpruefung der Klimaschutzwirkung des IEKP. Arbeitspaket 2. Entwicklung eines Monitoringkonzepts fuer das Integrierte Energie- und Klimaschutzprogramm (IEKP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doll, Claus; Eichhammer, Wolfgang; Fleiter, Tobias [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer System- und Innovationsforschung, Karlsruhe (DE)] (and others)

    2012-02-15

    Since November 2010, there exist an obligation to evaluate the effects of the integrated energy and climate program (IEKP) by means of a regular monitoring in order to check the validity of the instruments. With this in mind, the authors of the contribution under consideration at first report on the basic structure of the monitoring plan. Subsequently, 22 measures of this concept are presented.

  19. GeoPower

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirsch, Reinhard; Balling, N.; Fuchs, Sven;

    Ziel des Projektes GeoPower ist es, verbesserte geologische Planungsgrundlagen für die Nutzung geothermischer Energie in der INTERREG-Region Südjütland - Schleswig zu erstellen und öffentlich verfügbar zu machen. Die effektivste Nutzung der Erdwärme erfolgt hydrothermal, d.h. durch die Förderung...... von heißem Tiefenwasser. Geologische Voraussetzung ist poröses oder geklüftetes wasserführendes Gestein im Tiefenbereich von 800 – 2.500 m. Es handelt sich hierbei um Sandsteine, deren Vorkommen, Tiefenlage und Mächtigkeit aufgrund des teilweise komplizierten Untergrundaufbaus in der Region lokal...... Planungsgrundlagen ist ein geologisches Modell der Region. In diesem Modell werden 12 Schichten des Untergrundes abgebildet, darunter auch die 3 hydrothermalen Reservoirkomplexe. Datengrundlage des Modells sind Bohrungen und die Ergebnisse reflexionsseismischer Messungen sowie bereits vorliegende Kartenwerke. Aus...

  20. Kurz zum Klima: Zum Wohl – der »Happy Planet Index«

    OpenAIRE

    Marc Gronwald; Jana Lippelt

    2011-01-01

    In Fachkreisen werden seit einiger Zeit unterschiedliche Nachhaltigkeitsindikatoren zur Messung des Wohlstands diskutiert. Unter dem Titel »Happy Planet Index« veröffentlicht die New Economics Foundation seit einigen Jahren einen Indikator, der versucht, mit Hilfe der Kennzahlen »durchschnittliche Lebenserwartung«, »Lebenszufriedenheit« und »ökologischer Fußabdruck« die Lebenssituation in verschiedenen Ländern zu beschreiben. In diesem Beitrag wird der Vorschlag vorgestellt.

  1. Robustheit – eine Anforderung an intralogistische Systeme

    OpenAIRE

    Wildner, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Zuletzt häuften sich Erwähnungen des Begriffs 'Robustheit' in Veröffentlichungen, die die Intralogistik betreffen. Der vorliegende Beitrag bietet einen Überblick über einige dieser Sichtweisen, beleuchtet ergänzend eine Reihe relevanter Aspekte und begründet den Vorschlag einer Ausrichtung von 'Robustheit' in der Intralogistik auf die Verringerung unternehmerischer Risiken. The term 'robustness' is mentioned with an increasing frequency in the lattest papers referring to in-tralogistics. T...

  2. [Proceedings of the VII international symposium 'Cultural heritage in geosciences, mining and metallurgy : libraries, archives, museums' : "Museums and their collections" held at the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Leiden (The Netherlands), 19-23 May, 2003 / Cor F. Winkler Prins and Stephen K. Donovan (editors)]: Is the Jongmans collection cultural heritage or a scientific collection?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waveren, van I.M.

    2004-01-01

    Wilhelmus Josephus Jongmans (1878-1957) was a Dutch botanist who became involved in palaeobotany at an early stage in his career. He became head of the department of the geological survey for coal winning in Limburg ('Geologisch Bureau voor het Mijngebied'). He accumulated the bulk of the fossil

  3. Is the Jongmans collection cultural heritage or a scientific collection?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waveren, van I.M.

    2004-01-01

    Wilhelmus Josephus Jongmans (1878-1957) was a Dutch botanist who became involved in palaeobotany at an early stage in his career. He became head of the department of the geological survey for coal winning in Limburg (‘Geologisch Bureau voor het Mijngebied’). He accumulated the bulk of the fossil

  4. Neues über das Tertiär von Java und die mesozoischen Schichten von West-Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martin, K.

    1888-01-01

    Die Monographie, welche unter dem Titel Die Fossilien von Java herausgegeben wird ¹), ist so weit fortgeschritten, dass sich aus den in ihr beschriebenen Gastropoden bereits eine Anzahl von Schlussfolgerungen ableiten lässt, welche für die in Bearbeitung begriffene, geologische Karte von Java von

  5. History of geological mapping of the Holocene Rhine-Meuse delta, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berendsen, H.J.A.

    2007-01-01

    A brief overview is given of the history of geological mapping of the Holocene Rhine-Meuse delta. The first accurate map of the delta, based on field observations, was made by Vink (1926). The geological map of the Netherlands, scale 1 : 50,000, made by the ‘Geologische Stichting’ (1927 - 1938) unde

  6. Neues über das Tertiär von Java und die mesozoischen Schichten von West-Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martin, K.

    1888-01-01

    Die Monographie, welche unter dem Titel Die Fossilien von Java herausgegeben wird ¹), ist so weit fortgeschritten, dass sich aus den in ihr beschriebenen Gastropoden bereits eine Anzahl von Schlussfolgerungen ableiten lässt, welche für die in Bearbeitung begriffene, geologische Karte von Java von Be

  7. [Proceedings of the VII international symposium 'Cultural heritage in geosciences, mining and metallurgy : libraries, archives, museums' : "Museums and their collections" held at the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Leiden (The Netherlands), 19-23 May, 2003 / Cor F. Winkler Prins and Stephen K. Donovan (editors)]: Is the Jongmans collection cultural heritage or a scientific collection?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waveren, van I.M.

    2004-01-01

    Wilhelmus Josephus Jongmans (1878-1957) was a Dutch botanist who became involved in palaeobotany at an early stage in his career. He became head of the department of the geological survey for coal winning in Limburg ('Geologisch Bureau voor het Mijngebied'). He accumulated the bulk of the fossil pla

  8. Evaluation of permeability tests on the Berg Sand. Test results of the Reusel well

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langemeijer HD

    1989-01-01

    De doorlatendheid van geologische formaties is een van de belangrijkste invoer parameters van transport modellen, welke worden gebruikt voor veiligheidsstudies in het kader van de opberging van radioactief afval. De doorlatendheid kan door middel van put proeven in het veld bepaald worden. Aansl

  9. Een nieuwe Cycloclypeussoort van Oost-Borneo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlerk, van der J.M.

    1915-01-01

    In het Geologisch Museum te Leiden bevindt zich een foraminiferencollectie, waarop ik door de vriendelijkheid van den conservator, Prof. Dr. H. GERTH, opmerkzaam werd gemaakt. Het materiaal is afkomstig van Goenoeng Mlendong bij Kari Orang (Koetei, Oost-Borneo) en is in 1902 door Prof. Dr. M.

  10. Migration of Pu, Am, Np en Tc in aquifers, K-d values and geochemical aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordijk H; Prins M; Pennders RMJ; Frissel MJ

    1988-01-01

    Het Nederlandse onderzoek naar de opslag van radioactief afval in geologische lagen wordt gecoordineerd door de commissie (OPberging te LAnd). Opslag in ondergrondse zoutformaties lijkt voor de Nederlandse situatie de meest geschikte oplossing. Mogelijke terugkeer van de radionucliden in de bios

  11. Die Geologie von Camarena de la Sierra und Riodeva (Provinz Teruel, Spanien)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wz., R. Martin

    1936-01-01

    Als ich im Jahre 1933 ein Gebiet für meine Feldarbeit suchte, wählte ich auf Veranlassung von Herrn Dr. I. M. van der Vlerk die Gemeinde Camarena de la Sierra südlich von Teruel, wo G. R. J. Terpstra, damals Student der Geologie zu Leiden, im Sommer 1931 eine geologische Aufnahme angefangen hatte,

  12. History of geological mapping of the Holocene Rhine-Meuse delta, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berendsen, H.J.A.

    2007-01-01

    A brief overview is given of the history of geological mapping of the Holocene Rhine-Meuse delta. The first accurate map of the delta, based on field observations, was made by Vink (1926). The geological map of the Netherlands, scale 1 : 50,000, made by the ‘Geologische Stichting’ (1927 - 1938)

  13. Die Geologie von Camarena de la Sierra und Riodeva (Provinz Teruel, Spanien)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wz., R. Martin

    1936-01-01

    Als ich im Jahre 1933 ein Gebiet für meine Feldarbeit suchte, wählte ich auf Veranlassung von Herrn Dr. I. M. van der Vlerk die Gemeinde Camarena de la Sierra südlich von Teruel, wo G. R. J. Terpstra, damals Student der Geologie zu Leiden, im Sommer 1931 eine geologische Aufnahme angefangen hatte, w

  14. Migration of Pu, Am, Np en Tc in aquifers, K-d values and geochemical aspects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordijk H; Prins M; Pennders RMJ; Frissel MJ

    1988-01-01

    Het Nederlandse onderzoek naar de opslag van radioactief afval in geologische lagen wordt gecoordineerd door de commissie (OPberging te LAnd). Opslag in ondergrondse zoutformaties lijkt voor de Nederlandse situatie de meest geschikte oplossing. Mogelijke terugkeer van de radionucliden in de bios

  15. Anthropology of the memorial: observations and reflections on American cultural rituals associated with death

    OpenAIRE

    Hemmingson, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit zeitgenössischen amerikanischen Todesritualen, konkreter mit der Kultur des Gedenkens. Hierzu greife ich auf den Vorschlag von David R. MAINES zurück, Erzählungen zu verwenden, um soziale (und für die Anthropologie relevante) Ereignisse zu untersuchen. In Bezug auf Gedenken und Gedenkstätten gibt es spezifische soziale Erwartungen, es gibt Rituale, über Tote nur Gutes zu berichten, Rituale von Trauer. Bekannte und Familienangehörige kommen zusammen und sprec...

  16. Anthropologie des Gedenkens: Beobachtungen zu und Reflektionen über amerikanische Todesrituale

    OpenAIRE

    Hemmingson, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit zeitgenössischen amerikanischen Todesritualen, konkreter mit der Kultur des Gedenkens. Hierzu greife ich auf den Vorschlag von David R. MAINES zurück, Erzählungen zu verwenden, um soziale (und für die Anthropologie relevante) Ereignisse zu untersuchen. In Bezug auf Gedenken und Gedenkstätten gibt es spezifische soziale Erwartungen, es gibt Rituale, über Tote nur Gutes zu berichten, Rituale von Trauer. Bekannte und Familienangehörige kommen zusammen und sprec...

  17. Consumption 3.0: A web-based proposal for supporting social and ecological awareness in private consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Petring

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Angesichts der zunehmender ökologischer Herausforderungen und sich verschärfender sozialer Problemlagen in vielen Ländern der Welt wurde zuletzt intensiv über Chancen und Risiken der Einbeziehung privater Konsumhandlungen bei der Lösung der Nachhaltigkeitsproblematik diskutiert. Dieser Beitrag knüpft an diese Debatte an und macht einen konkreten Vorschlag, wie das Internet stärker als bisher dazu genutzt werden könnte, sozial-ökologische Kriterien bei Konsumentscheidungen zu stärken.

  18. Diagnostic evaluation of degenerative and post-traumatic lesions of the spine and joints. 2. rev. ed.; Orthopaedisch-traumatologische Gelenk- und Wirbelsaeulendiagnostik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jerosch, J.; Castro, W.H.M. (eds.)

    2002-07-01

    This second, completely revised and updated edition in one volume offers the following advantages: It covers and explains all applicable diagnostic methods. - Differentiation between standard and special methods. - Guidance and pinpointed information explaining the performance of the methods, together with a systematic representation of indications. - Standard reporting forms, appearances and Scores. (orig./CB) [German] Unterscheidung von Standard- und Spezialuntersuchungen. Alle gaengigen Verfahren, auch viele Spezialverfahren, sind beruecksichtigt. Vorschlag von Untersuchungsgaengen fuer bestimmte Situationen. Detaillierte Beschreibung zur Durchfuehrung der einzelnen Verfahren. Gleichwertige Darstellung der klinischen Untersuchung. Nicht bekannte Tests und Techniken nachschlagen koennen. Indikationen fuer die einzelnen Verfahren werden systematisch dargestellt. Hinweise zum gezielten und Kosten sparenden Einsatz. Umfassende Information. In jedem Kapitel finden Sie Angaben zu: klinische Untersuchung einschliesslich Anamnese, Funktionspruefungen und neurologische Untersuchung. Roentgen, Sonographie, CT, MRT, Szintigraphie, - ggf. weitere spezielle Verfahren wie Arthrographie, Pedobarographie, Myelographie, Diskographie, Infiltrationsdiagnostik, Videorasterstereographie. Neu in der 2. Auflage - Jetzt zusammengefasst in einem Band - Diagnostik bei Endoprothesenlockerung - Standardisierte Befundungsboegen - Darstellung der gaengigen Gelenk-Scores. (orig.)

  19. Interpretationen des Gleichheitsrechts Interpretations of Equality Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Baer

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Diskussionen darum, wie genau ein Recht auf Gleichheit zu interpretieren ist, sind alt. Heute geht es darum, die in Deutschland und in Europa entwickelten Ansätze miteinander in Einklang zu bringen und effektives Recht gegen Diskriminierung gut begründen zu können. Das Buch von Nishihara macht dazu einen Vorschlag, der auch die wesentlichen Diskussionspunkte gewinnbringend zusammenträgt.Discussions of how the right to equality is to be exactly interpreted are old. Today, it is concerned with achieving accordance between approaches developed in Germany and Europe and with being able to adequately argue for effective laws against discrimination. Nishihara’s book makes a suggestion for this, which also successfully brings together the main points of discussion.

  20. Spatial evaluation of underground electromagnetic reflection measurements (Georadar); Raeumliche Auswertung von untertaegigen elektromagnetischen Reflexionsmessungen (Georadar)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eisenburger, D. [Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover (Germany)

    2002-10-10

    The use of direction-sensitive EMR borehole probes permits high-resolution and non-destructive spatial exploration of geological structures from a single borehole. Structures can be detected to greater distances by EMR roadway measurements. Spatial evaluation is likewise possible. They thus constitute an important instrument for exploration ahead of the face. (orig.) [German] Der Einsatz richtungssensitiver EMR-Bohrlochsonden ermoeglicht eine hochaufloesende und zerstoerungsfreie raeumliche Erkundung geologischer Strukturen von einer alleinstehenden Bohrung aus. Durch EMR-Streckenmessungen koennen Strukturen bis in groessere Entfernungen nachgewiesen werden. Eine raeumliche Auswertung ist ebenfalls moeglich. Sie stellen somit ein wichtiges Instrument zur Vorfelderkundung dar. (orig.)

  1. Nuclear waste - where to go?; Atommuell - wohin?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dornsiepen, Ulrich

    2015-07-01

    The question of the final di9sposal of nuclear waste is a problem of international importance. The solution of the problem is of increasing urgency; the discussion is controversial and implies a lot of emotions. In Germany there is consensus that the nuclear wastes have to be disposed within the country in deep geological formations. This kind of final disposal is predominantly a geological problem and has to be solved from the geological point of view. The geologist Ulrich Dornsiepen presents the problems of the final disposal in an objective way without ideology and generally understandable. Such a presentation is necessary since the public information and participation is demanded but the open geological questions and their scientific solutions are never explained for the public. [German] Die Frage der endgueltigen Lagerung von Atommuell ist ein Problem von nationaler Tragweite, dessen Loesung immer dringender wird, bisher aber sehr kontrovers diskutiert wird und mit vielen Emotionen verknuepft ist. Es besteht in Deutschland ein Konsens, diese Abfaelle innerhalb der Landesgrenzen dauerhaft in tief liegenden Gesteinsschichten abzulagern. Diese Art der Endlagerung ist aber in erster Linie ein geologisches Problem und so auch nur von geologischer Seite her zu loesen. Daher stellt der Geologe Ulrich Dornsiepen die Problematik der Endlagerung objektiv, ideologiefrei und allgemein verstaendlich dar. Ein solches Hoerbuch ist dringend noetig, da zwar die Information und Beteiligung breiter, betroffener Bevoelkerungsteile eingefordert, aber niemals versucht wird, die offenen geologischen Fragen und ihre wissenschaftliche Loesung verstaendlich zu machen.

  2. The Barrien natural gas deposit. Status, results and outlook of an interdisciplinary reservoir study; Die Erdgaslagerstaette Barrien. Status, Ergebnisse und Ausblick einer interdisziplinaeren Reservoirstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baerle, C.; Beuthan, H. [Wintershall AG Erdoelwerke, Barnstorf (Germany); Weihe, T. [Wintershall AG, Kassel (Germany)

    1999-07-01

    Geological and geophysical investigation and modelling of the Detfurth series of the Barrien natural gas deposit provided new and detailed information on the reservoir horizon. Seismic reinterpretation yielded new findings especially on the crest region of the structure and verified the complex fault model. Core profiles, facial analysis and log correlation demonstrate the lateral distribution and horizontal variability of the sedimentary units and thus of the petrophysical characteristics (porosity, permeability). Petrographic investigations provided detailed, production-relevant information on sandstone cementation and pore space characteristics. The results were integrated in the geological models together with the known deposit parameters. [German] Die geologische-geophysikalische Bearbeitung und Modellierung der Detfurth-Folge in der Gaslagerstaette Barrien erbrachte neue und z.T. detailliertere Informationen ueber die Ausbildung der Traegerhorizontale. Die Reinterpretation der Seismik liefert hauptsaechlich im Scheitelbereich der Struktur neue Erkenntnisse und verifiziert das komplexe Stoerungsmodell. Die Kernaufnahme, fazielle Einstufung und Logkorrelation demonstriert die laterale Verbreitung sowie horizontale Variabilitaet der sedimentaeren Einheiten und damit der petrophysikalischen Werte (Porositaet, Permeabilitaet). Die petrographischen Untersuchungen erbrachten detaillierte und produktionsrelevante Informationen zur Sandsteinzementation und der Porenraumbeschaffenheit. Zusammen mit den bekannten Lagerstaettenparametern wurden diese Ergebnisse in die geologische Modellierung integriert. (orig.)

  3. Alpine fold-and-thrust structures revealed: A 3D model from the Helvetic Zone (Säntis area, Switzerland)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, Paola; Pfiffner, Adrian; Frehner, Marcel

    2013-04-01

    To investigate the geometrical relationships between folding and thrust faulting, a 3D model of the Helvetic fold-and-thrust belt in Eastern Switzerland is built from several cross-sections in the Säntis area, between Hoher Kasten and Wildhaus. Existing cross-sections from Schlatter (1941), Kempf (1966), and Pfiffner (2000; 2011) were partly redrawn and cross-checked for line length balancing. Additional cross-sections based on surface geology were newly constructed to fill areas with a low cross-section density and to solve geological problems. The interpolation of the formation interfaces and the thrusts between the cross-sections allowed generating six main surfaces corresponding to the base of the Öhrli and Betlis Limestones, the Helvetic Kieselkalk, the Schrattenkalk and Garschella Formations, and the Seewen Limestone. The main structural elements in the Säntis area, such as the Säntis Thrust or the Sax-Schwende Fault, are also implemented in the model. The 3D model highlights the shape of the main anticline-syncline pairs (e.g., Altmann-Wildseeli, Schafberg-Moor, Roslenfirst-Mutschen, etc...) and how these fold trains vary in amplitude and wavelength along strike. The model also clearly shows the lateral extension, the trend, and the variation in displacement of the principal faults. The reconstruction of 3D horizons allows the geologists investigating cross-sections along any given direction. The 3D model is useful to understand how the changes of the internal nappe structures, namely folds and thrust faults, change along strike. Such changes occur either across transverse faults or in a more gradual manner. The model can and will also be used as a base to perform retrodeformation and strain estimation. Shortening will be calculated using the base Schrattenkalk as the reference horizon. REFERENCES Pfiffner, O.A., 2000: Cross-sections in Funk, H., Habich, J.K., Hantke, R. & Pfiffner, O.A., 2000: Blatt 1115 Säntis - Geologischer Atlas der Schweiz 1

  4. Geothermal sites and systems in Germany; Verzeichnis geothermischer Standorte: Geothermische Anlagen in Deutschland auf einen Blick

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pester, S.; Schellschmidt, R.; Schulz, R.

    2007-07-15

    In 2004, The BLA-GEO (Bund-Laender-Ausschuss Bodenforschung) commissioned the SGD (Staatliche Geologische Dienste) to set up two working groups ''Utilisation of the Near-Surface Geothermal Potential'' and ''Utilisation of the Deep Geothermal Potential''. The two working groups are to develop a national digital product catalogue for economically efficient utilisation of geothermal data. The working group ''Deep Geothermal Potential'' published a manual which outlines methods, the data base and projecting steps for deep geothermal projects: http://www.geotis.de/homepage/Informationen/Arbeitshilfe 08022007.pdf, which is supplemented by a detailed table of deep geothermal projects in Germany, whether in the operating, construction or projecting phase. The data are published on the web as part of the Geothermisches Informationssystem fuer Deutschland (Schulz et al.). (orig.)

  5. Demonstration measurements with the transient electromagnetic (TEM) depth sensing process in problem areas of hydrocarbon exploration in India and China. Final report; Demonstrationsmessungen mit dem Transient Elektromagnetischen Tiefensondierungsverfahren in Problemgebieten der Kohlenwasserstoffexploration in Indien und China. Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-09-01

    The practical use of the TEM sensing method in China and India is described. In this electromagnetic process, the electrical resistance and the thickness of geological structures can be measured with high accuracy down to great depths. As geophysical standard methods, such as seismics, supply results difficult to interpret for the explored areas, the TEM sensing method was used to good effect there. (MSK) [Deutsch] Der praktische Einsatz der TEM Sondierungsmethode in China und Indien wird beschrieben. Bei diesem elektromagnetischen Verfahren kann der elektrische Widerstand und die Dicke geologischer Strukturen bis in grosse Tiefen mit hoher Genauigkeit gemessen werden. Da geophysikalische Standartmethoden, wie Seismik in den untersuchten Gebieten schwer interpretierbare Ergebnisse lieferten, wurde die TEM Sondierungsmethode gezielt dort eingesetzt. (MSK)

  6. Classification of gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; Klassifikation gastroenteropankreatischer neuroendokriner Tumoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perren, A. [Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technische UniversitaetMuenchen, Institut fuer Pathologie und pathologische Anatomie, Muenchen (Germany); Schmitt, A. [Universitaetsspital Zuerich, Institut fuer Klinische Pathologie, Departement Pathologie, Zuerich (Switzerland); Komminoth, P. [Stadtspital Triemli, Zuerich (Switzerland). Institut fuer Pathologie; Pavel, M. [Charite, Universitaetsmedizin Berlin (Germany). Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Hepatologie and Gastroenterologie

    2009-03-15

    Tumors of the disseminated/diffuse neuroendocrine system (NET) are characterized by a common phenotype. However, the biology varies according to histomorphology, endocrine symptoms and organ of origin. The WHO classification takes these differences into account and uses a common framework, where the parameters size and extent of invasion vary according to the organ of origin. In order to achieve a further standardization of reporting the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) recently proposed a tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging and grading system for gastro-entero-pancreatic NET. (orig.) [German] Tumoren des disseminierten/diffusen neuroendokrinen Systems sind durch einen gemeinsamen Phaenotyp gekennzeichnet. In ihrer Biologie unterscheiden sich neuroendokrine Tumoren (NET) jedoch bzgl. Morphologie, endokrinologischer Symptomatik und Ursprungsorgan. Die WHO-Klassifikation traegt diesen Unterschieden Rechnung und klassifiziert NET nach einem einheitlichen Vorgehen, wobei die Parameter Groesse und Invasionstiefe je nach Ursprungsorgan variieren. Um die Nomenklatur weiter zu vereinheitlichen, wurde vor kurzem von der ''European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society'' (ENETS) der Vorschlag einer TNM-Stadien-Einteilung und Graduierung gastroenteropankreatischer NET vorgelegt. (orig.)

  7. Scientific discourse or religious strife? The debate on the effects of low radiation doses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trott, K.R. [Queen Mary and Westfield Coll., London (United Kingdom)

    2000-07-01

    The article is an authorized reproduction of the invited keynote lecture presented by Professor Klaus-Ruediger Trott, who holds the chair of the Dept. for Radiation Biology, University of London, to the 4th International Symposium of the TUeV Akademie GmbH, held on 28 June 2000 in Munich. The author gives a pin-pointed and compact summary of the current debates about the effects of low radiation and elaborates rational approaches for problem resolution. (orig./CB) [German] Unter dem deutschen Titel 'Die Kontroverse um die Wirkung kleiner Strahlendosen: Wissenschaftlicher Disput oder Glaubenskrieg?' hat Prof. Klaus-Ruediger Trott, Inhaber des Lehrstuhls fuer Radiation Biology an der University of London, den Festvortrag beim 4. Internationalen Symposium der TUeV Akademie GmbH am 28. Juni dieses Jahres in Muenchen gehalten. Trotts Ausfuehrungen sind eine praezise und kompakte Zusammenfassung des heutigen Stands der Diskussion zu diesem umstrittenen Thema und muenden in einen Vorschlag zur rationalen Loesung des Problems. Die StrahlenschutzPRAXIS bringt mit Erlaubnis des Autors und des TUeV die englische Fassung des Vortrags von Prof. Trott. (orig.)

  8. An Alternative Policy Proposal for the Provinces Populated by the Malay Ethnonationality in the South of Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otto F. von Feigenblatt

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a public policy analysis of governance in the provinces populated by the Malay ethnonationality in the South of Thailand. Important stakeholders are identified as well as important sociopolitical environmental factors. The final sections of the paper present a proposal for a new governance structure for the Muslim South of Thailand taking into consideration the social, cultural, and economic context as well as the wellbeing and right to self-determination of the local population. This study concludes that considerable economic, political, and social opportunities for development are being lost in the South of Thailand due to misguided governance policies. --- Dieser Artikel stellt eine politische Analyse von Governance in den von der nationalen Minderheit der Malaien bewohnten Provinzen in Südthailand vor. Zunächst werden zentrale InteressensvertreterInnen und soziopolitische Faktoren identifiziert. Anschließend diskutiert der Autor einen Vorschlag für eine neue Governancestruktur, die soziale, kulturelle und wirtschaftliche Kontexte ebenso beachtet wie die Bedürfnisse und das Recht zur Selbstbestimmung der lokalen Bevölkerung. Der Beitrag konkludiert, dass beträchtliche Möglichkeiten zur wirtschaftlichen, politischen und sozialen Entwicklung aufgrund von fehlgeleiteten Politiken ausgelassen wurden.

  9. Looking into the causes of deformation processes: The example of an industrial-scale turbine; Ursachenerforschung bei Deformationsprozessen am Beispiel einer Grossturbine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pfeufer, A. [Hannover Univ. (Germany). Geodaetisches Inst.

    1996-12-31

    While quasistatic and kinematic methods for analysis and interpretation of deformation processes reached technical maturity long ago, dynamic models are still in the early development phase. Starting from an outline of the current state of knowledge and a proposal on the definition `Dynamic models`, two fundamentally different dynamic model approaches are described and discussed, i.e. input-output models and state models. Input-output models are discussed in some detail, and the results of such a model when applied to investigations of the deformation characteristics of an industria-scale turbine are presented. (orig.) [Deutsch] Waehrend im Bereich der s.g. quasi-statischen und kinematischen Verfahrensentwicklung zur Analyse und Interpretation von Deformationsprozessen nur noch wenige Verfeinerungen zu erwarten sind, steht man bei der Bereitstellung praxisreifer dynamischer Modelle noch weitestgehend am Anfang einer vielversprechenden Entwicklungsphase. Ausgehend von einem kurzen Ueberblick zum aktuellen Entwicklungsstand und einem Vorschlag zur Definition `Dynamischer Modelle` werden zwei grundsaetzlich verschiedene dynamische Modellansaetze - die Ein-Ausgangs-Modelle und Zustandsmodelle - beschrieben und bezueglich ihrer Vor- und Nachteile diskutiert. Nach einer tiefgruendigeren Behandlung von Ein-Ausgangs-Modellen folgen Ergebnisse der Anwendung eines solchen Modellansatzes zur Untersuchung des Deformationsverhaltens einer Grossturbine. (orig.)

  10. Rationale diagnostic approach to biliary tract imaging; Rationale Diagnostik der Gallenwege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helmberger, H.; Huppertz, A.; Ruell, T. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik; Zillinger, C.; Ehrenberg, C.; Roesch, T. [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). 2. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik

    1998-04-01

    Since the introduction of MR cholangiography (MRC) diagnostic imaging of the biliary tract has been significantly improved. While percutaneous ultrasonography is still the primary examination, computed tomography (CT), conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as the direct imaging modalities of the biliary tract - iv cholangiography, endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiography (ERC), and percutaneous-transhepatic-cholangiography (PTC) are in use. This article discusses the clinical value of the different diagnostic techniques for the various biliary pathologies with special attention to recent developments in MRC techniques. An algorithm is presented offering a rational approach to biliary disorders. With further technical improvement shifts from ERC(P) to MRC(P) for biliary imaging could be envisioned, ERCP further concentrating on its role as a minimal invasive treatment option. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Diagnostik der Gallenwege hat durch die Einfuehrung der MR-Cholangiographie (MRC) entscheidende neue Impulse erfahren. Neben der als Ausgangsuntersuchung zur Verfuegung stehenden perkutanen Sonographie kommen die Computertomographie (CT), die klassische Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) sowie die Verfahren der direkten Gallengangsdarstellung, i.v. Cholangiographie, endoskopisch-retrograde Cholangiographie (ERC) und perkutane-transhepatische Cholangiographie (PTC), zum Einsatz. Der vorliegende Artikel analysiert die diagnostischen Wertigkeiten der einzelnen bildgebenden Verfahren fuer die unterschiedlichen Krankheitsgruppen des biliaeren Systems unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der neuesten Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der MRC. In einem Strategiealgorithmus wird ein Vorschlag fuer das diagnostische Vorgehen bei Erkrankungen des biliaeren Gangsystems erarbeitet. Die bisherigen Ergebnisse lassen erwarten, dass die MRT einschliesslich MRC(P) in Kuerze die rein diagnostische ERC(P) ersetzen wird. (orig.)

  11. Testing of installed intermediate suspension gear; Pruefung von Zwischengeschirren im eingebauten Zustand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sindern, W.; Lobert, H.; Heymann, B. [DMT-Fachstelle fuer Sicherheit - Seilpruefstelle, Bochum (Germany). DMT Car Synergies Div.; DMT-Fachstelle fuer Sicherheit - Seilpruefstelle, Leipzig (Germany). DMT Car Synergies Div.

    2002-02-12

    By using efficient, non destructive test equipment and the continuous improvement of test methods adapted to the problem experienced test engineers are now able to test intermediate suspension gear in shaft winding systems safely also when installed. It is thus possible to conduct a test, which with consideration of the design and installation of the gear is more informative than the specified visual inspections when the gear is dismantled. This proposal was described for the first time by the DMT Safety Department in a contribution published in 1995. Meanwhile comprehensive experience has been acquired by the experts of the DMT Safety Department on many shaft winding installations. The testing of intermediate suspension gear when installed has meanwhile become a sophisticated low-cost alternative to conventional tests. (orig.) [German] Durch den Einsatz leistungsfaehiger und zerstoerungsfreier Pruefgeraete und die staendige Verbesserung problemangepasster Prueftechniken sind entsprechend erfahrene Pruefingenieure heute imstande, Zwischengeschirre an Schachtfoerderanlagen auch im eingebauten Zustand sicher zu pruefen. Damit ist eine Pruefung moeglich, die unter Beachtung der konstruktiven Gestaltung und Einbausituation der Geschirre hinsichtlich der Aussagefaehigkeit den vorgeschriebenen Sichtpruefungen im ausgebauten Zustand ueberlegen ist. Ersmtalig wurde dieser Vorschlag von der DMT-Fachstelle fuer Sicherheit in einem 1995 erschienenen Beitrag vorgestellt. Inzwischen liegen umfangreiche Erfahrungen vor, die von den Sachverstaendigen der DMT-Fachstelle an zahlreichen Schachtfoerderanlagen gewonnen wurden. Die Pruefung von Zwischengeschirren im eingebauten Zustand ist inzwischen eine ausgereifte und kostenguenstige Alternative zu herkoemmlichen Pruefungen. (orig.)

  12. Gustav Steinmann (1856-1929): Ein deutscher Ordinarius der Kaiserzeit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibold, Eugen; Seibold, Ilse

    2010-10-01

    Cretaceous stratigraphy of parts of Bolivia. In 1885 he was appointed Professor of Geology and Mineralogy in Jena. By 1886, he moved to a full professorship to the University of Freiburg im Breisgau, starting a period of wide-ranging activities covering a great variety of subjects in seminars, lectures and often strenuous fieldtrips, for he was also an enthusiastic mountaineer. With the authoritarian style of his period, he kept his staff and students enormously busy in all respects. He successfully convinced the regional government to erect a new institute building that is still in use today. Nevertheless, in 1906, he accepted the chair of geology and palaeontology in Bonn, along with the title of “Geheimer Bergrat”. Once again he successfully built a new institute, along the lines of the one in Freiburg. His ceaseless activity also continued in Bonn. In addition, he founded new scientific societies: in 1907 the “Niederrheinische Geologische Verein” and in 1910 the “Geologische Vereinigung” amongst others. However, he suffered from severe restrictions during World War I, the occupation of Bonn and the financial crisis during the 1920s. In 1924, he retired, and in 1925, his wife passed away. Nevertheless, with the help of former students, his “Geology of Peru” was published in 1929 and a summary of his ophiolite research appeared in 1927 in Madrid. Throughout his life, he attempted to participate in all International Geological Congresses with their long fieldtrips and the opportunities for personal contacts. Steinmann was a multi-faceted personality, some of them quite “sharp”. He had diverse interests and ideas combined with a profound knowledge in many fields. He had enormous energy and also expected the same from others. After a long trip to the Far East he died in 1929 in Bonn. His most important organizational achievement was certainly the foundation of the “Geologische Vereinigung” (1910) with its renowned annual meetings and its journal, the “Geologische

  13. Die elektronische Gesundheitsakte (ELGA in Österreich Eine Evaluierung in Bezug auf funktionale Benutzeranforderungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Ströher

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Die Einführung der elektronischen Gesundheitsakte, kurz ELGA, in Österreich ist ein seit längerer Zeit kontrovers diskutiertes Thema. Gerade in den letzten Monaten waren vermehrt Lebenszeichen der ELGA in der Presse zu finden, deren Umsetzung Teil der aktuellen Regierungsvereinbarung ist. Zudem wurden in vielen Gesprächen im Rahmen des Studiums immer wieder Vorwürfe geäußert, dass die Vorgaben seitens der Arbeitsgemeinschaft ELGA (ARGE ELGA zu sehr techniklastig seien, während die Forderungen der einzelnen zukünftigen Benutzer nicht oder zu wenig Beachtung finden. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde erarbeitet, wie sehr sich wirklich die Vorgaben seitens der ARGE ELGA auf den Bereich Technik konzentrieren bzw. welche Benutzeranforderungen bereits definiert wurden. Im nächsten Schritt wurden mittels eines problemzentrierten Interviews verschiedene Benutzergruppen der geplanten ELGA zu deren funktionalen Benutzeranforderungen befragt. Die ausgewählten Stakeholder waren: Ärzte, Apotheker, Soziale Dienste und Vertreter von Selbsthilfeorganisationen.Aus den durchgeführten 29 Interviews wurde im Anschluss eine Auswertung von funktionalen Benutzeranforderungen für die bislang beschriebenen Kernanwendungen der ELGA (Portal, e-Arztbrief, e-Befund Labor/Radiologie und e-Medikation erstellt. So wurde am Vordringlichsten die Einführung einer elektronischen Medikamentenübersicht bzw. der e-Impfpass gewünscht. Aber auch die Möglichkeit zur Präsentation der Selbsthilfe im Rahmen des ELGA-Portals war ein Punkt mit hoher Zustimmung. Demgegenüber wurde der Vorschlag des Versteckens von Dokumenten bzw. der Online-Kontakt mit dem behandelnden Arzt deutlich abgelehnt. Als Ergebnis wird zusammengefasst, dass derzeit keine ausreichende Definition von funktionalen Benutzeranforderungen für die elektronische Gesundheitsakte verfügbar ist. Die aus den Interviews erarbeiteten Anforderungen stellen aufgrund des geringen Stichprobenumfangs aller

  14. On the entropy generation in the Ranque-Hilsch tube; Zur Entropieproduktion im Ranque-Hilsch-Rohr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mischner, J. [Fachhochschule Erfurt (Germany). Fachbereich Versorgungstechnik, Lehrgebiet Gas - und Abgastechnik; Bespalov, V.I. [Staatliche Bauuniversitaet Rostow am Don (Russian Federation). Lehrstuhl fuer Umweltingenieurwesen

    2002-05-01

    Starting from the entropy generation in vortex tubes, this paper presents a new approach for simulating the Ranque-Hilsch effect. It can be stated that the systematic description of energy separation in the vortex tube (process simulation on the basis of the ''separation approach'') describes all essential phenomenological characteristics of the Ranque-Hilsch effect (typical temperature variation, dependencies of the separation effect on the input parameters and others) correctly with respect to quantity and quality. Moreover, the hydrodynamic process variables are related to the geometrical characteristics of the vortex tube via the ROSSBY number. In the authors opinion, this is the first proposal for calculating vortex tubes to represent the physical findings in a self-consistent way without elementary empirical assumptions, deriving the gas dynamic and thermodynamic process variables as well as basic geometrical parameters of the vortex tube apparatus one by one in their interrelationship. The ideal-gas model presented can be applied to real gases. (orig.) [German] Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird ausgehend von der Entropieproduktion in Wirbelrohren ein neuer Ansatz zur Modellierung des Ranque- Hilsch-Effektes vorgestellt. Die entwickelte Beschreibung des Separationseffektes im Wirbelrohr (Prozessmodell auf der Basis des ''Separationsansatzes'') beschreibt alle wesentlichen phaenomenologischen Merkmale des Ranque- Hilsch-Effektes (typische Temperaturverlaeufe, Abhaengigkeiten des Separationseffektes von den Eingangsparametern usw.) quantitativ und qualitativ korrekt. Die hydrodynamischen Prozessgroessen sind ueber die Rossby-Zahl mit den geometrischen Charakteristika des Wirbelrohres verknuepft. Nach Ansicht der Verfasser liegt hiermit der erste Vorschlag zur Berechnung von Wirbelrohren vor, der ohne fundamentale empirische Annahmen die physikalischen Befunde in sich konsistent abbildet, die gas- und thermodynamischen

  15. Trauma radiology in infancy and childhood; Traumaradiologie beim Kind

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riccabona, M.; Lindbichler, F. [LKH-Universitaetsklinikum Graz (Austria). Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiologie

    2002-03-01

    The aim of this review article is to familiarise the reader with the specific paediatric conditions in trauma radiology. The article briefly describes the major pathophysiologic differences in childhood and the consecutive altered injury pattern. The standard radiological imaging protocol for various involved body regions and different trauma settings/varying queries is described, with suggestion for standardised diagnostic flowcharts in some typical settings. Special regard is given to radiation protection and the potential of newer imaging modalities such as ultrasound, multi-detector- and spiral CT as well as MRI in paediatric trauma patients. As such the paper hopefully provides some basic guidelines for general radiologists in peripheral hospitals who less often have to deal with paediatric queries. (orig.) [German] Diese Arbeit soll einen kurzen Ueberblick ueber die Besonderheiten des Kindesalters in der Traumaradiologie vermitteln. Neben einer kurzen Beschreibung der pathophysiologischen Unterschiede zum Erwachsenen werden die daraus resultierenden unterschiedlichen Verletzungsarten und Traumafolgen ueberblickartig dargestellt. Die daraus resultierenden Anforderung an die Bildgebung beinhalten neben strahlenhygienischen Aspekten eine fundierte Kenntnis der fuer das Kindesalter typischen Verletzungen und Frakturarten und eine Anpassung der bildgebenden Untersuchungsprotokolle an die kindlichen Umstaende. Neben dem Vorschlag einiger standardisierter Untersuchungssequenzen bei typischen und haeufigen Fragestellungen/Konstellationen werden auch die Moeglichkeiten moderner bildgebender Methoden wie des Ultraschalls, der Spiral- und Multidetektor-CT sowie der MRT andiskutiert. Insgesamt soll die Arbeit eine Hilfestellung fuer den Allgemeinradiologen eines peripheren Spitals bei der fuer ihn/sie doch selteneren Konfrontation mit paediatrischen Traumapatienten anbieten, um im Sinne unserer kleinen Patienten ein sicheres und doch schonendes Vorgehen zu ermoeglichen

  16. Mit Bourdieu in die Stadt: Relevanz, Prinzipien, Anwendungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loïc Wacquant

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag zeigt die Relevanz der Soziologie Bourdieus für die Stadtforschung auf, indem er Bourdieus Frühwerk zu Macht, Raum und Urbanisierung im Béarn und Algerien aufgreift und es mit seinem Spätwerk verknüpft, in welchem er das soziale Leiden in der französischen Metropole analysiert. Es wirft ein Schlaglicht auf die vier übergreifenden Prinzipien, die Bourdieus Forschungspraxis antreiben und eine fruchtbare Anleitung für die Stadtforschung sein können: den Bachelardschen Imperativ des erkenntnistheoretischen Bruchs und der erkenntnistheoretischen Wachsamkeit; die Webersche Aufforderung zur dreifachen Historisierung des Handelnden (Habitus, der Welt (sozialer Raum, wovon das soziale Feld lediglich einen Untertypus darstellt und der Kategorien des Analytikers (erkenntnistheoretische Reflexivität; den Leibnizschen-Durkheimschen Vorschlag, eine topologische Denkweise zu nutzen, um den Wechselbeziehungen zwischen symbolischem, sozialem und physischem Raum nachzuspüren; sowie das Cassirersche Moment, das uns dazu anhält, die konstitutive Wirksamkeit symbolischer Strukturen zur Kenntnis zu nehmen. Ich möchte zudem auf drei Fallstricke hinweisen, die eine Stadtforschung auf den Spuren Bourdieus tunlichst vermeiden sollte: die Fetischisierung von Konzepten; die Verlockung, sich der Sprache Bourdieus zu bedienen („speaking Bourdieuse“, ohne die Forschungsschritte, die die Bourdieuschen Begriffe verlangen, tatsächlich durchzuführen; sowie das zwanghafte Überstülpen seines Theorierahmens als Ganzes auch in Fällen, in denen es produktiver wäre, einzelne Bausteine zu übertragen.

  17. GEMAS - Soil geochemistry and health implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernstsen, Vibeke; Ladenberger, Anna; Wragg, Joanna; Gulan, Aleksandra

    2014-05-01

    activity on soil composition and its health consequences. References Reimann, C., Birke, M., Demetriades, A., Filzmoser, P. & O'Connor, P. (Editors), 2014. Chemistry of Europe's agricultural soils - Part A: Methodology and interpretation of the GEMAS data set. Geologisches Jahrbuch (Reihe B), Schweizerbarth, Hannover, 528 pp. Reimann, C., Birke, M., Demetriades, A., Filzmoser, P. & O'Connor, P. (Editors), 2014. Chemistry of Europe's agricultural soils - Part B: General background information and further analysis of the GEMAS data set. Geologisches Jahrbuch (Reihe B), Schweizerbarth, Hannover, 352 pp.

  18. AVSA. Parallelised bolting and cutting in roadways with arch supports; AVSA. Parallelisiertes Ankern und Schneiden in Bogenstrecken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matusche, T. [Bergwerk West, Kamp-Lintfort (Germany); Stratmann, T. [Deutsche Steinkohle AG (DSK), Herne (Germany). Abt. TB

    2002-09-05

    In the middle of the 90's a research project was initiated to improve the drivage rates of roadway headings in the German hard coal industry. The target of the project was to get a significant increase in performance by parallelisation of cutting and bolting in mechanical headings, also in very hard rock conditions. In the first operation the prototype of the developed heading machine achieved not the expected performance. Although the aim of parallel cutting and bolting was gained, the drivage performance was especially hampered due to a high amount of hunks during the cutting process. Additionally geological difficulties occurred. Steps were made to optimize this system getting a clear increase in performance for the second operation to achieve the initial target. (orig.) [German] Vor dem Hintergrund stagnierender Vortriebsgeschwindigkeiten im Floezstreckenvortrieb des deutschen Steinkohlenbergbaus wurde Mitte der 90er Jahre des letzten Jahrhunderts ein Forschungsvorhaben initiiert. Ziel war es, durch Parallelisierung von Schneid- und Ankerarbeit bei maschinellen Vortrieben eine signifikante Leistungserhoehung auch in schwer schneidbarem Gestein zu erzielen. Der entwickelte Prototyp erreichte in einem ersten Einsatz die erwartete Leistung nicht. Obwohl die angestrebte Parallelisierung der Vorgaenge Schneiden und Ankern erreicht wurde, behinderte insbesondere ein hoher Brockenanfall die Vortriebsleistung. Zusaetzlich traten geologische Probleme auf. Optimierungsmassnahmen sollen in einem zweiten Einsatz deutliche Leistungssteigerungen bewirken, um die urspruengliche Zielsetzung zu erreichen. (orig.)

  19. Geotechnical strata evaluation with regard to roof control in longwalls; Geotechnische Gebirgsbewertung im Hinblick auf die Hangendbeherrschung im Strebraum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polysos, N.; Brandt, K.-H. [Deutsche Steinkohle AG (Germany). Bergwerk Auguste Victoria/Blumenthal; Peters, S. [Montan Technologie GmbH (Germany). Mines and More Div.

    2003-10-09

    Beside considering the given geomechanical conditions, the geological/geotechnical logging of drill cores and heading faces during the driving of parallel entries and the resulting rock classification form the basis of the assessment of the proneness to caving of the roof strata in the actual mining phase. Both types of separation planes, parallel to the stratification as well as cutting the bedding, will be defined and assessed within the immediate roof strata depending on the lithological structure. These data may hold the potential to plan the winning and design its operational organization in a way that future impairments of the workings by increased caving or cavities can be calculated in advance to a major extent. Following the general description of the separation plane structure, the combined influence of the petrographic and structural geological roof properties on the operating cycle of the planned working face will be presented and illustrated. (orig.) [German] Die geologisch-geotechnische Bohrkern- und Ortsbrustaufnahme bei der Auffahrung der Abbaubegleitstrecken und die darauf bauende Gebirgsklassifizierung schaffen neben der Beruecksichtigung gebirgsmechanischer Randbedingungen eine Grundlage fuer die Beurteilung der Ausbruchsneigung der Hangendschichten beim Floezabbau. Die Ermittlung und Bewertung schichtparalleler und schichtschneidender Trennflaechen in den unmittelbaren Floezhangendschichten in Abhaengigkeit vom lithologischen Hangendaufbau zeigen Ansatzmoeglichkeiten zur Prognose der Nachfall-beziehungsweise Ausbruchsneigung der Dachschichten. Nach einer allgemeinen Beschreibung des Trennflaechengefueges wird die Einflussnahme der kombinierten Auswirkung der petrographischen und strukturgeologischen Hangendbeschaffenheit auf den Betriebsablauf des geplanten Strebs dargestellt und erlaeutert. (orig.)

  20. Papers of the spring meeting of DGMK Section ``Prospecting and Winning``, Celle, April 27/28, 1998; Vortraege der Fruehjahrstagung des DGMK-Fachbereichs `Aufsuchung und Gewinnung` am 27. und 28. April 1998 in Celle. Autorenmanuskripte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    Papers on various aspects of ``Prospecting and and Extraction`` were presented: Fracsimulation of natural gas drillings in red beds; transport of methane in deep gas wells; increasing the capacities of natural gas processing plants; planning, construction and commissioning of crude oil drilling in the North Sea; new drilling technologies. Further topics: impact of international and European standardisation on the German oil- and gas industries; reinjection performance of iron-containing thermal water in geothermal drillings; geological, geophysical and geochemical aspects of oil- and gas extraction. Abstracts of 32 papers were prepared for the Energy Data Base. [Deutsch] Unter dem Thema ``Aufsuchung und Gewinnung`` werden Vortraege zu folgenden Themen praesentiert: Fracsimulation von Erdgasbohrungen im Rotliegenden, Methantransport in tiefliegenden Gaslagerstaetten, Kapazitaetsteigerungen in Ergasaufbereitungsanlagen, Planung, Errichtung sowie Inbetriebnahme von Untertagegasspeichern, Komplettierung und Inproduktionssetzung von Erdoelbohrungen in der Nordsee, neue Methoden in der Bohrtechnologie. Weitere Topics sind die Auswirkungen der internationalen und europaeischen Normung auf die deutsche Erdoel-und Erdgasindustrie sowie das Reinjektionsverhalten von eisenhaltigen Thermalwaessern bei geothermalen Bohrungen. Ausserdem betreffen einige Beitraege geologische, geochemische und geophysikalische Aspekte in der Erdoel-und Erdgasfoerderung. Fuer die Datenbank Energy wurden 32 Beitraege einzeln aufgenommen.

  1. Planning of the Extended Reach well Dieksand 2; Planung der Extended Reach Bohrung Dieksand 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frank, U.; Berners, H. [RWE-DEA AG, Hamburg (Germany). Drilling Team Mittelplate und Dieksand; Hadow, A.; Klop, G.; Sickinger, W. [Wintershall AG Erdoelwerke, Barnstdorf (Germany); Sudron, K.

    1998-12-31

    The Mittelplate oil field is located 7 km offshore the town of Friedrichskoog. Reserves are estimated at 30 million tonnes of oil. At a production rate of 2,500 t/d, it will last about 33 years. The transport capacity of the offshore platform is limited, so that attempts were made to enhance production by constructing the extended reach borehole Dieksand 2. Details are presented. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das Erdoelfeld Mittelplate liegt am suedlichen Rand des Nationalparks Schleswig Holsteinisches Wattenmeer, ca. 7000 m westlich der Ortschaft Friedrichskoog. Die gewinnbaren Reserven betragen ca. 30 Millionen t Oel. Bei einer Foerderkapazitaet von 2.500 t/Tag betraegt die Foerderdauer ca. 33 Jahre. Aufgrund der begrenzten Transportkapazitaeten von der Insel, laesst sich durch zusaetzliche Bohrungen von der kuenstlichen Insel Mittelplate keine entscheidende Erhoehung der Foerderkapazitaet erzielen. Ab Sommer 1996 wurde erstmals die Moeglichkeit der Lagerstaettenerschliessung von Land untersucht. Ein im Mai 1997 in Hamburg etabliertes Drilling Team wurde mit der Aufgabe betraut, die Extended Reach Bohrung Dieksand 2 zu planen und abzuteufen. Die Planungsphasen fuer die Extended Reach Bohrung Dieksand 2 wurden aufgezeigt. Die fuer den Erfolg einer Extended Reach Bohrung wichtigen Planungsparameter wurden erlaeutert. Es wurden Wege gezeigt, wie bei diesem Projekt technische und geologische Risiken in der Planung mit beruecksichtigt und nach Beginn der Bohrung weiter bearbeitet werden koennen. (orig.)

  2. Spatial analysis of loess and loess-like sediments in the Weser-Aller catchment (Lower Saxony and Northern Hesse, NW Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Wagner

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Eine räumliche Kompilation und Darstellung von Löss-Parametern wurde für die pleistozänen Lösse und löss-ähnlichen Sedimente im Weser-Aller-Einzugsgebiet (Süd-Niedersachsen und Nordhessen, NW-Deutschland, einer der Lössregionen in Mitteleuropa, durchgeführt. Erstmals wurden Daten, soweit verfügbar, über die wichtigsten Lösseigenschaften, wie Mächtigkeit, Granulometrie und Stratigraphie mit räumlichen Informationen von Karten kombiniert und ausgewertet. Die Datenerfassung und – analyse in einem Geographischen Informationssystem (GIS ermöglichte die Ableitung großformatiger thematischer Lösskarten. Daten über Lössmächtigkeiten wurden analysiert und zu einer regionalen Mächtigkeitskarte kompiliert. Zusätzlich dazu wurden zahlreiche Lössvorkommen mit anormaler Mächtigkeit aufgrund spezieller geologischer und geomorphologischer Bedingungen abgegrenzt. Mehrere Lössregionen mit unterschiedlicher granulometrischer Fazies wurden ausgeschieden. Zudem konnten regionale Lössdecken unterschiedlichen Alters kartiert werden. Die Lössdecken im nördlichen Teil des Untersuchungsgebietes haben jungweichselzeitliches Alter, dagegen wurden im Bergland Regionen mit unvollständigen und gut gegliederten weichselzeitlichen Lössabfolgen nachgewiesen. Die Ergebnisse der Untersuchung zeigen, dass auf der Grundlage veröffentlichter, heterogener Daten neue Aspekte und regionale Muster abgeleitet werden können.

  3. Bayesian kriging for higher prognostic accuracy of environmental impact statements in mining; Bayessches Kriging zur Erhoehung der Prognosegenauigkeit im Zusammenhang mit der UVP fuer den Bergbau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilz, J. [Klagenfurt Univ. (Austria). Bereich Angewandte Statistik; Weber, V.

    1998-10-01

    The new German mining legislation specifies that mining companies should make a comprehensive analysis of all potential environmental effects of a new mining project at a time when only a few exploratory drills have been made. In order toassess ground subsidence for the whole mining area continuously and in detail, the Land of Nordrhein-Westfalen funded a research adn development project for interpolation of geological conditions on the basis of the available information. In practice, geotatistical methods, especially ordinary kriging, are used for precalculating spatially distributed measured values. [Deutsch] Die Novellierung des BBergG verpflichtet den Bergbauunternehmer die durch die Gewinnung von Steinkohle hervorgerufenen Auswirkungen auf die Umwelt im vorhinein umfassend unter Beruecksichtigung aller Aspekte der Umweltrelevanz abzuwaegen und zu pruefen. Die vom Gesetzgeber geforderten Angaben ueber die Auswirkungen des Abbaus auf die Umwelt sind zu einem Zeitpunkt zu erstellen, an dem die Struktur des abzubauenden Lagerstaettenbereiches nur durch wenige weitstaendige Bohrungen punktuell erkundet ist. Um die in der UVP genannten Senkungsbetraege an der Tagesoberflaeche detailliert und kontinuierlich fuer das gesamte geplante Abbaugebiet angeben zu koennen, ist im Rahmen eines vom Land Nordrhein-Westfalen gefoerderten Untersuchungs- und Entwicklungsvorhabens versucht worden, fuer die verbleibenden grossen Bereiche zwischen den Bohrungen Verfahren zu entwickeln, mit denen die geologischen Gegebenheiten annaeherungsweise aufgrund von Erfahrungen in schon bekannten Lagerstaettenteilen und unter Beruecksichtigung geologischer und markscheiderischer Zusatzinformationen interpoliert werden koennen. In der Praxis werden geostatistische Verfahren, und hierbei insbesondere das ordinary-Kriging, zur Vorausberechnung raeumlich verteilter Messwerte verwendet. (orig./MSK)

  4. Geology and hydrocarbon potential of the extensive carbonate-sand barrier zone of the Stassfurt Carbonate in Mecklenburg-West-Pommerania; Zur Geologie und Kohlenwasserstoff-Fuehrung der regionalen Karbonatsand-Barrenzone des Stassfurtkarbonats in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rasch, H.J. [Erdoel-Erdgas Grimmen GmbH, Grimmen (Germany); Zagora, K. [Erdoel-Erdgas Grimmen GmbH, Grimmen (Germany); Schlass, H. [Erdoel-Erdgas Grimmen GmbH, Grimmen (Germany); Muenzberger, E. [Sektion Geologie, Greifswald Univ. (Germany); Beer, H. [Erdoel-Erdgas Grimmen GmbH, Grimmen (Germany)

    1993-12-31

    On the basis of what is known about the Luetow oil field, a brief description is given of the structural situation and facies distribution in the area of the extensive carbonate-sand barrier in the northeastern part of Mecklenburg-West-Pommerania. The authors then deal with the sedimentation pattern of the Stassfurt carbonate in the area of the shelf, cycles and major rhythms, facies distribution, the carbonate reservoir sequence, the effects of diagenetic changes on the storage capacity of the sediment pores and the possible development of fracture storage capacity. A brief account of the source rock potential and the maturation history of the organic matter leads up to a description of the migration and accumulation processes. Finally, the characteristics of the traps in the area of the carbonate-sand barrier are described as well as how the traps filled up. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ausgehend von der Erdoellagerstaette Luetow werden die Aufschlussverhaeltnisse und der geologische Rahmen im Bereich der regionalen Karbonatsandbarre Nordost-Mecklenburg-Vorpommerns skizziert. Es folgen Sedimentationsmuster fuer das Stassfurtkarbonat im Bereich der Plattform mit der Ausbildung von Zyklen und Grossrhythmen, das Verteilungsprinzip und das Ausbildungsprofil der Karbonatspeicher, die Veraenderungen der Porenspeichereigenschaften durch die Diagenese, einschliesslich moeglicher Kluftspeicherausbildung. Eine Kurzcharakteristik ueber das Muttergesteinspotential und die Reifeentwicklung der organischen Substanz leitet schliesslich zu den Prozessen der Migration und Akkumulation ueber. Abschliessend werden die Fallencharakteristik und der Vorgang der Fallenfuellung im Bereich der Karbonatsandbarre dargestellt. (orig.)

  5. The Early Devonian eurypterid Grossopterus overathi (Gross, 1933 from Overath, Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Dunlop

    2002-01-01

    -Fisch Koevolution werden überprüft, speziell Romers Vorschlag, dass die dermale Panzerung von Fischen als Antwort auf die Prädation durch Eurypteriden evolvierte. doi:10.1002/mmng.20020050107

  6. Modern imaging technology for childhood urinary tract infection; Moderne Bildgebung beim Harnweginfekt im Kindesalter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riccabona, M.; Fotter, R. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Graz (Germany). Abteilung Kinderradiologie

    2005-12-01

    Diagnosemoeglichkeit. Ziel dieser Uebersichtsarbeit ist es, die wichtigsten neuen Erkenntnisse anzufuehren, die wesentlichen Neuerungen in der Bildgebung zu benennen und zu beschreiben, und die aus diesen Faktoren resultierenden Auswirkungen auf die Bildgebung beim kindlichen HWI anzufuehren. Schliesslich soll versucht werden, einen Vorschlag fuer einen stufenweise aufgebauten Bildgebungsalgorithmus aus US, Nierenszintigraphie, MRT sowie MCU - wenngleich mit strengerer Indikationsstellung - zu praesentieren, der diese Aspekte beruecksichtigt, ohne alles wohlbegruendet Etablierte vorschnell ueber Bord zu werfen. (orig.)

  7. Energetic characteristics and target values of benefit transfer for the ventilation and air-conditioning technology; Energetische Kenn- und Zielwerte der Nutzenuebergabe fuer die Raumlufttechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlosser, Thomas

    2012-07-01

    ;'Gebaeudeenergiebedarfs'' bleibt die Wirkung nutzungsbestimmter anlagentechnischer Mal3.nahmen unerkannt oder es heben sich u. U. verschiedene Wirkungen gegeneinander auf. So entfaellt der Anreiz zu technischer Weiterentwicklung. Diesem Fehlansatz entgegenzuwirken werden daher Grenzkennwerte fuer die energetische Einordnung von Anlagen mit den Funktionen Heizen, Lueften und Kuehlen aufgestellt. Dazu werden nur sechs Lastfaelle eingefuehrt. Mit einem unteren Kennwert erkennt man, welcher Energieaufwand theoretisch mindestens erforderlich ist, um den Referenzenergiebedarf zu decken: energetischer Zielwert. Zur Begrenzung des Energieaufwands, im Sinne von Energieeinsparbemuehungen, wird ein Vorschlag fuer einen nutzungsfallabhaengigen Deckelwert unterbreitet. Er koennte als Teilkennwert fuer RLT-Anlagen in zukuenftige Verordnungen uebernommen werden. Mit den jeweils erreichbaren Aufwandswerten koennen nun geplante Konzepte eingeordnet und verglichen werden.

  8. Zusammenfassungen in Deutsch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Wiedenmann

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available 1. Eine hybride Heuristik zur Lösung des Triangulations-ProblemsGloria Cerasela Crişan, Camelia Mihaela Pintea2. Vorschlag einer datenbasierten Architektur für eine Kardiologie-Netzwerk-AnwendungHorea Adrian Greblă, Călin Ovidiu Cenan3. Erziehungswissenschaftliche Forschung: zur technologischen Dimension des PrivatlebensLiliana Mâţă4. Ausgewählte Operationen für Assembler EncodingTomasz Praczyk5. Computerbasierte Programme zur Sprechtherapie bei Dyslalie und Dyslexie-DysgraphieIolanda Tobolcea, Mirela Danubianu6. Gedacht soap, jedoch gesagt ‘oaps’. Der Lautvorspann (Sound Preparation Period: Backward Calculation von der Äußerung bis zur Muskel-InnervierungNora Wiedenmann7. State of the Art: Lösungskonzepte für KoalitionsspieleSimina Brânzei8. Die Faktoren von Intelligenz-Entwicklung und individuelle PerformanzGheorghe Dumitriu9. Einige Ergebnisse zur Fuzzy-TheorieAngel Garrido10. Wissensfusion in akademischen NetzwerkenHorea Adrian Grebla, Calin Ovidiu Cenan, Liana Stanca11. Eine Delphi-Anwendung für die syntaktische und lexikalische Analyse eines Phrasen verwendenden Cocke-Younger-Kasami -Algorithmus.Bogdan Pătruţ, Ioana Boghian12. Über ein Problem von Passdaten bei Gebrauch von Bézier-KurvenCarmen Violeta Muraru13. State of the Art: Verifizierung von Unterschriften-Biometrie-DatenMohamed Soltane, Noureddine Doghmane, Noureddine Guersi14. Die Neurowissenschaften des Lehrens von Erzähltexten: zur Erleichterung der sozialenund emotionalen EntwicklungLisa Whalen15. Logische Grundlagen der Künstlichen IntelligenzAngel Garrido16. Psychologisch-mystische Aspekte zu St. Evagrius Ponticus und St. Maximus dem BekennerGheorghe Teofil Popovici17. Geo-spatiale Analyse-StrukturElisabeta Antonia Haller18. Henric Sanielevici – von der Literaturkritik zur Anatomie oder Wie beeinflusst der Schädelumfang die Literatur?Adrian Jicu19. Wie komplex das menschliche Gehirn funktioniert: die beiden HemisphärenIulia Cristina Timofti20

  9. Electromobility and electromagnetic compatibility of a BMS module; Elektromobilitaet und Elektromagnetische Vertraeglichkeit eines BMS-Moduls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palme, Robert [Fachhochschule Nordhausen (Germany); Graebner, Frank; Kallemyer, Christian; Schmidt, Gunther; Hungsberg, Axel [Hoermann IMG GmbH, Nordhausen (Germany)

    2012-11-01

    einstrahlfest zu machen. Oftmals ist die damit zu erzielende Stoerfestigkeit aber nicht ausreichend, sodass zusaetzlich abschirmende Gehaeuse erforderlich sind. Neben diesen technischen Aspekten muessen die gesetzlichen Anforderungen betrachtet werden. Auch wenn die Normung noch am Anfang steht und es keine gesetzlichen Vorgaben gibt. So ist als Normungsaenderung die EU Richtlinie ECE R 10 (Draft 2010) in Diskussion. Diese Richtlinienaenderung beachtet als Vorschlag in Zukunft den Effekt der Leitungsimpedanz und Spannungsverhaeltnisse einer Batterieladestation. In dieser vorgestellten Arbeit wird die leitungsgebundene EMV eines BMS / Akku Packs modelliert, gemessen und in einer E-Fahrzeugnachbildung bewertet.

  10. Upper Middle Pleistocene climate and landscape development of Northern Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, B.

    2009-04-01

    and the margin of a 286 m deep channel, subglacially eroded during the Elsterian, have recently been investigated by 9 counter flash or cored drillings (Stephan et al., in press). Studies focussed on the uppermost 50 m, made up of a series of approximately 9 m thick fluviatile sediments ("Leck-Folge") with intercalations of organic sand layers and a gyttja band, up to 1.5 m thick. This sequence is overlain by several metres of mainly decalcified groundmoraine, that, itself, is overlain by glaciofluvial and periglacial sediments. The palynological investigations of the gyttja reveal a floral development of interglacial character ("Leck-Thermomer"). Compared to other Middle Pleistocene warm periods in North Germany, correlations of the Leck-Thermomer with the Holsteinian and with the warm periods of the Reinsdorf and Wacken (Dömnitz) interglacials are precluded or appear rather implausible. The Leck-Thermomer is most likely a correlative of the marine oxigen isotope stage 7 c (MIS 7). Stephan, H.-J., Urban, B., Lüttig, G., Menke, B. und M. Sierralta: Palynologische, petrographische und geochronologische Untersuchungen der Leck-Warmzeit (spätes Mittelpleistozän) und ihrer begleitenden Sedimente.- [Palynological, petrographical, and geochronological investigations of deposits of the "Leck-Thermomer" and accompanying sediments].- Geologisches Jahrbuch, in press. Thieme, H., 1997. Lower Paleolithic hunting spears from Germany. Nature 385, 807-810. Urban, B. 1995. Palynological evidence of younger Middle Pleistocene Interglacials (Holsteinian, Reinsdorf, Schöningen) in the Schöningen open cast lignite mine (eastern Lower Saxony/Germany). Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst 52, 175-186. Urban, B. 2006. Interglacial pollen records from Schöningen, north Germany.- In: THE CLIMATE OF PAST INTERGLACIALS. Sirocko, F., Litt, T., Claussen, M., Sanchez-Goni, M.F. (eds.), Springer Verlag; in press.

  11. Combined application of numerical simulation models and fission tracks analysis in order to determine the history of temperature, subsidence and lifting of sedimentary basins. A case study from the Ruhr Coal basin inWest Germany; Die kombinierte Anwendung numerischer Simulationsmodelle und Spaltspurenuntersuchungen zur Entschluesselung der Temperatur-, Subsidenz- und Hebungsgeschichte von Sedimentbecken - Ein Fallbeispiel aus dem Ruhrkohlenbecken Westdeutschlands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karg, H. [Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany). Inst. fuer Erdoel und organische Geochemie; Littke, R. [RWTH Aachen (Germany); Bueker, C. [Univ. Bern (Switzerland). Inst. fuer Geologie

    1998-12-31

    Becken liefern. Hierzu wurde das Programmpaket PetroMod der Firma IES/Juelich verwendet. Auf der Basis von Finite-Element-Netzen koennen komplexe geologische Strukturen und Ablaeufe mathematisch erfasst und rekonstruiert werden. Die Kalibration entwickelter Modelle zur Temperaturgeschichte wird durch den Vergleich gemessener mit berechneten Inkohlungsdaten (Vitrinitreflexion) durchgefuehrt. (orig./MSK)

  12. Paleontology and Darwin's Theory of Evolution: The Subversive Role of Statistics at the End of the 19th Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamborini, Marco

    2015-11-01

    This paper examines the subversive role of statistics paleontology at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. In particular, I will focus on German paleontology and its relationship with statistics. I argue that in paleontology, the quantitative method was questioned and strongly limited by the first decade of the 20th century because, as its opponents noted, when the fossil record is treated statistically, it was found to generate results openly in conflict with the Darwinian theory of evolution. Essentially, statistics questions the gradual mode of evolution and the role of natural selection. The main objections to statistics were addressed during the meetings at the Kaiserlich-Königliche Geologische Reichsanstalt in Vienna in the 1880s. After having introduced the statistical treatment of the fossil record, I will use the works of Charles Léo Lesquereux (1806-1889), Joachim Barrande (1799-1833), and Henry Shaler Williams (1847-1918) to compare the objections raised in Vienna with how the statistical treatment of the data worked in practice. Furthermore, I will discuss the criticisms of Melchior Neumayr (1845-1890), one of the leading German opponents of statistical paleontology, to show why, and to what extent, statistics were questioned in Vienna. The final part of this paper considers what paleontologists can derive from a statistical notion of data: the necessity of opening a discussion about the completeness and nature of the paleontological data. The Vienna discussion about which method paleontologists should follow offers an interesting case study in order to understand the epistemic tensions within paleontology surrounding Darwin's theory as well as the variety of non-Darwinian alternatives that emerged from the statistical treatment of the fossil record at the end of the 19th century.

  13. Research project ``Geoscientific, geotechnological and process-related research to optimize the available processes for geothermal energy utilisation under the aspect of long-term exploitation``; Forschungsprojekt ``Geowissenschaftliche, geotechnologische und verfahrenstechnische Forschungsarbeiten zur Vervollkommnung des Verfahrens der Nutzung geothermischer Ressourcen im Hinblick auf das Langzeitverhalten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohstock, B.; Schneider, H. [Geothermie Neubrandenburg GmbH (Germany)

    1997-12-01

    The research project was started with the objective of developing the essential geological-technical-technological parts of the utilisation of highly-mineralised thermal waters for heating. It is based on the findings from the drilling and testing of 29 deep geothermal wells, the erection and operation of Geothermal Heating Stations in Northeast Germany until 1990. The operation of the Waren (Mueritz) and Neubrandenburg Geothermal Heating Stations including their modernisation and the solution of problems which occurred sometimes give proof of the principal technical-technological implementability of thermal water utilisation for energetic purposes. Matter of concern is the recirculation of the thermal water after being used for balneological purposes to the main flow of water used for energetic purposes without affecting subsequent reinjection. The conditioning of the thermal water before and after use for bathing and balneo-therapeutic purposes is another problrm. The essential results are presented here. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das Forschungsvorhaben wurde mit dem Zeit der Vervollkommnung der wesentlichen geologisch-technisch-technologischen Teilbereiche der waermeseitigen Nutzung von hochmineralisierten Thermalwaessern aufgenommen. Die mit dem Niederbringen und Testen von 29 Geothermie-Tiefbohrungen, der Errichtung und dem Betrieb der Geothermischen Heizzentralen in Nordostdeutschland bis 1990 gewonnen Erkentnisse bildeten dabei die Grundlage. der seither fortgesetzte Betrieb der Geothermischen Heizzentralen in Waren (Mueritz) und Neubrandenburg einschliesslich deren Modernisierung sowie die zwischenzeitlich aufgetretenen und im positiven Sinne geloesten Probleme unterstreichen die grundsaetzlich geloeste technisch-technologisce Realisierbarkeit der waermetechnischen Thermalwassernutzung. Zu loesen ist die Problematik der Aufbereitung des stofflich zu nutzenden Thermalwassers vor und nach Einsatz im Bade- und medizinisch-therapeutischen Bereich. Im Vortrag werden die

  14. 3D-visualization in mine planning. Development, current status and prospects; 3D-Visualisierung in der Bergbauplanung. Entwicklung, Stand und Perspektiven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drebenstedt, C.; Grafe, R. [TU Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany). Inst. fuer Bergbau

    2001-06-01

    The visualization of spatial information is of particular significance in mining. The more realistically geological and mining models can be visualized, the more convincingly they can be conveyed. This, in turn, results in improvements as regards the speed, the reliability and the quality of the planning. Errors can thus be avoided during the planning preparations and safety aspects can be taken into account much better, so that an overall positive economic effect is achieved. Moreover, the idea of a certain mining project can be introduced much more realistically to others who are normally not involved in mining so much, which leads to better understanding, confidence and eventually acceptance. An auto-stereoscopic display (developed by the Technical University Dresden) for a genuine 3D visualization of mine planning processes was introduced at the Freiberg Mining University on March 29, 2000 for the first time in the world. This innovative technology opens up completely new opportunities for using graphic software in the field of mine planning. (orig.) [German] Der Visualisierung von raeumlichen Informationen kommt im Bergbau eine besondere Bedeutung zu. Je realistischer geologische und bergbauliche Modelle veranschaulicht werden koennen, desto ueberzeugender lassen sie sich vermitteln, Verbesserungen in Schnelligkeit, Zuverlaessigkeit und Qualitaet der Planung sind die Folge. Dies traegt dazu bei, Fehler in der planerischen Vorbereitung zu vermeiden, Sicherheitsaspekten im Bergbau staerker Rechnung zu tragen und insgesamt positive wirtschaftliche Effekte zu erzielen. Darueber hinaus kann Aussenstehenden ein realitaetsnahes Bild eines bergbaulichen Vorhabens vermittelt werden, was zu mehr Verstaendnis, Vertrauen und Akzeptanz fuehrt. Als weltweite Premiere wurde am 29. Maerz 2000 an der TU Bergakademie Freiberg der Einsatz eines autostereoskopischen Displays (Entwicklung der TU Dresden) fuer echte 3D-Visualisierung in der Bergbauplanung vorgestellt. Diese

  15. The German coal market in 2002; Der deutsche Steinkohlenmarkt im Jahr 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hufschmied, P. [Gesamtverband des Deutschen Steinkohlenbergbaus, Essen (Germany)

    2003-05-08

    With the cyclically and weather-induced fall in primary energy consumption the coal market in Germany achieved a volume of 64.3 mill. t coal units in 2002, i.e. 2.3% less than in the previous year. The fall was attributable to the decline in sales to the electricity industry, whereas the deliveries to the steel industry almost reached the level of the previous year. The coal output of the ten mines still in production since early 2002 fell to 26.8 mill. t coal units. Following the fall in the previous year due to geological and technical difficulties a turn-around was achieved in mine output. The output per man shift underground rose by 4.7% to 6 539 kg saleable output. The number of employees fell by 3 900 to 48 670. (orig.) [German] Bei konjunktur- und witterungsbedingt sinkendem Primaerenergieverbrauch erreichte der Steinkohlenmarkt in Deutschland im Jahr 2002 ein Volumen von 64,3 Mill. t SKE, das waren 2,3% weniger als im Vorjahr. Dabei waren sowohl die heimische als auch die importierte Steinkohle ruecklaeufig. Der Absatz deutscher Steinkohle war mit 28,6 Mill. t SKE um 2,7 Mill. t SKE niedriger als im Vorjahr. Der Rueckgang ging insbesondere auf den verringerten Absatz an die Elektrizitaetswirtschaft zurueck, waehrend die Lieferungen an die Strahlindustrie das Vorjahresniveau fast erreichten. Die Steinkohlenfoerderung der seit Jahresbeginn 2002 noch zehn Steinkohlenbergwerke ging auf 26,8 Mill. t SKE zurueck. Bei der bergmaennischen Leistung wurde nach dem durch geologische und technische Schwierigkeiten bedingten Einbruch im Vorjahr der Turnaround geschafft. Die Leistung je Mann und Schicht unter Tage verbesserte sich um 4,7% auf 6 539 kg/v.F. Die Belegschaft verringerte sich um 3 900 auf 48 670. (orig.)

  16. A new hydrogeological model of charging shallow and deep aquifers in the Lake Neusiedl - Seewinkel region (Northern Burgenland, Austria)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häusler, Hermann; Müllegger, Christian; Körner, Wilfried; Ottner, Franz; Prohaska, Thomas; Irrgeher, Johanna; Tchaikovsky, Anastassiya; Dober, Gregor; Gritzmann, Romana; Mykhaylyuk, Ivanna

    2014-05-01

    .5‰ in the catchment of Lake Neusiedl are characteristic for waters derived from the cooler period of the Pleistocene (Rank et al., 1982), we conclude that groundwater of the deepest aquifer of the Seewinkel is not of Badenian to Sarmatian age but only several tens of thousands of years old. The artesian wells of the Seewinkel region drilled down to several hundreds of metres yielded groundwater with oxygen isotope ratio-values ranging between -11.90‰ and -10.83‰, values fitting well to waters of Pleistocene age of that region. Since wells discharging the Leitha Mountains also revealed oxygen isotope ratio-values varying from -11.10‰ to -10.22‰, we conclude that the mountain chains surrounding Lake Neusiedl basically charged both shallow and deeper aquifers of the Seewinkel. From oxygen isotope ratios of these groundwater bodies we therefore conclude that first the majority of aquifers of the Lake Neusiedl region was charged from the surrounding mountain chains, and second that salinity of soils in the Seewinkel region cannot be derived from up welling connate water, as has been proofed for Lake Kelemenszék area south of Budapest (Simon et al., 2011). There is no doubt on the fact, however, that differing amounts of free carbon dioxide in several aquifers of the Seewinkel region originate from deep-seated post volcanic activity in this region. Häusler, H. (2010)(ed.): Geologische Karte der Republik Österreich 1:50.000, Erläuterungen zur Geologischen Karte 78 Rust.- 191 S., 65 Abb., 5 Tab., 2 Taf., (Geologische Bundesanstalt), Wien. Rank, D., Rajner, V., Staudner, F. and Papesch, W. (1982): Zur Altersdatierung der Grundwässer am Ostufer des Neusiedlersees.- BFB-Bericht, 43, 197-204, 2 Abb., (Biologisches Forschungsinstitut für Burgenland), Illmitz. Simon, S., Mádl-Szőnyi, J., Müller, I. and Pogácsás, G. (2011): Conceptual model for surface salinization in an overpressured and a superimposed gravity-flow field, Lake Kelemenszék area, Hungary

  17. Deutsch als "leicht zu erlernende Fremdsprache"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurtz, Gunde

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to encourage the search for accessible language features and teaching and learning facilitators which can ease the way into German as a Foreign Language (DaF.The paper begins with a terminological discussion, followed by a first model of the most important factors concerning the initial entry into FL territory. After a short review on previous work in this area, I consider methods for utilising knowledge of accessible language features and teaching and learning facilitators. Finally, suspected facilitating features - which have come to light through research as well as classroom observations – are exemplified. These, however, are to be understood as working hypotheses and thus still 'under construction'.Through this paper, I would like to invite other researchers to consider a new perspective on DaF with the intention of changing the status quo:"Applied linguistics is not simply a matter of matching up findings about language with pre-existing problems but of using findings to explore how the perception of problems might be changed. It may be that when problems are reformulated from a different point of view they become more amenable to solution. This changed perception may then, in turn, have implications for linguistics." (Cook : 2003: 10My goal will have been achieved when the focus of this paper becomes a motivation for improving DaF teaching ("problems [...] become more amenable to solution" - and, should it lead to "implications for linguistics", so much the better.Ziel dieses Beitrages ist, eine umfassende Suche nach leichten Stellen und Erleichterungen beim Zugang zum Deutschen als fremder Sprache anzuregen.Nach Begriffsklärung und einem ersten Vorschlag zu den für die Zugänglichkeit einer Sprache ausschlaggebenden Faktoren (1 sowie einem kurzen Überblick über Fundstücke zum Thema (2 steht die Rolle der praktischen Umsetzung von Erkenntnissen als Hauptinstrument für den Bereich der Erleichterungen und

  18. Über dieses Heft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editors / Herausgeber

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Das journalistische Erzählen ist nicht erst neu zu entdecken – es besitzt eine lange und prominente eigenständige Tradition, die von so unterschiedlichen Autoren wie Émile Zola, Egon Erwin Kisch, Gabriel García Márquez, Tom Wolfe u.v.a.m. geprägt wurde. Narratologische Zugänge haben jedoch in den letzten Jahren zu einer präziseren Beschreibung der besonderen Leistungen journalistischen Erzählens beigetragen. Das verdeutlichen auch die Beiträge dieses Heftes. Ethische Aspekte journalistischer Texte können eng mit den jeweils verwendeten Erzählverfahren zusammenhängen – so die These Friederike Herrmanns. Sie kritisiert den vermeintlich objektiven, quasi erzählerlosen Darstellungsstil von Nachrichten in Printmedien als einen weit verbreiteten, aber vergeblichen Versuch, mit Hilfe einer unsichtbar gemachten Erzählinstanz das Ideal einer reinen Faktenpräsentation zu erreichen. Stattdessen, so ihr Vorschlag, solle der Reporter die Standpunktgebundenheit seines Nachrichtentextes stilistisch und erzählerisch deutlich machen. Im interaktiven Online-Journalismus seien Ansätze zu einer derartigen Nachrichtenvermittlung auf Augenhöhe mit den Lesern erkennbar. Narrativer Journalismus, führt Marie Vanoost aus, sei als hybrides Genre zwischen fiktionaler Erzählliteratur und konventionellen Pressemeldungen angesiedelt. Er zeichne sich durch ebenso komplexe wie spezifische Plotkonstruktionen aus. In drei Fallanalysen untersucht Vanoost mit Hilfe von Begriffen Raphäel Baronis und Paul Ricoeurs das Zusammenspiel von intriguing function (fonction intriguante, in der die Dynamik des Leseprozesses im Vordergrund stehe, und configuring function (fonction configurante, die eher informativ und explikativ orientiert sei. Plotkonstruktionen stehen auch im Vordergrund von Valérie Roberts Beitrag über den journalistischen Umgang mit der „Wulff-Affäre“, die im Jahr 2012 zum Rücktritt des deutschen Bundespräsidenten Christian Wulff f

  19. The Ethiopian Second Republic and the Fragile “Social Contract” Die 2. Republik in Äthiopien und der “fragile Gesellschaftsvertrag“

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Abbink

    2009-01-01

    wachsenden Kritik im In- und Ausland (Gebergemeinschaft und der Diskussion über „fragile“ oder „scheiternde Staaten“ wird die Herrschaftspraxis in Äthiopien untersucht. Der neue „Gesellschaftsvertrag“ von 1991, kodifiziert in der neuen Verfassung von Dezember 1994, ist prekär und wird nicht mehr akzeptiert. Parteipolitische und ethno-regionale Opposition der föderalen Politik gegenüber wird aber standardmäßig beantwortet mit Repression, diskursiver Isolation und Marginalisierung. Eine öffentliche Debatte über die ethno-föderale republikanische Formel und den Staatsaufbau wird kaum toleriert, vielleicht weil die Machthaber selbst keine Alternative sehen (wollen. Der Artikel legt eine Interpretation des ethno-föderalen Verwaltungssystems in Äthiopien vor, die auf das noch immer nicht gelöste Problem der Harmonisierung von lokalen und modernen Elementen der politischen Praxis in einem Entwicklungsland rekurriert, und macht einen konzeptuellen Vorschlag über den Status der nominell für wichtig gehaltenen, aber in der politischen Praxis abwesenden „republikanischen“ Prinzipien des äthiopischen Staates. Dabei empfiehlt sich im allgemeinen eine explizitere Debatte dieser Prinzipien und Ideen statt der, heute auch in der akademischen Diskussion ziemlich „überforschten“, ethno-föderalen Aspekte des Staates.

  20. Metamorphic history of LP/HT migmatites from the Bavarian Unit (Bohemian Massif)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorger, Dominik; Hauzenberger, Christoph; Linner, Manfred; Iglseder, Christoph

    2016-04-01

    -T path. A first HP-HT stage (740-825°C and 1.1-1.3 Gpa) is indicated by the garnet core which is followed by decompression and cooling to 580- 610°C and 0.44-0.54 GPa. The main LP-HT metamorphic event gives 830-910°C and 0.60-0.66 GPa using the garnet rims and matrix minerals. TROPPER, P., DEIBL, I., FINGER, F., KAINDL, R. (2006): International Journal of Earth Sciences: Geologische Rundschau 95.6, 1019-1037.

  1. The H3O-project: towards sustainable use and management of the Flemish-Dutch subsurface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernes, Ronald W.; Deckers, Jef; Doornenbal, Hans C.; den Dulk, Maryke; Hummelman, Jan; Menkovic, Armin; Westerhoff, Wim; Witmans, Nora; Dusar, Michiel; Walstra, Jan; Reindersma, Reinder

    2014-05-01

    The collection and unambiguous interpretation and analysis of (hydro)geological information on both sides of the border are essential ingredients in the management of natural resources and use of the subsurface in the border region. The information currently available from the neighbouring countries often lacks compatibility and the same amount of detail. In 2012 the "H3O" project got under way which aims at a consistent interpretation of the subsurface in the Flemish-Dutch border region. Parties in the Netherlands (Provinces of Limburg and Noord-Brabant and TNO) and Flanders (The Environment, Nature and Energy Department of the Flemish Government, the Flemish Environment Agency, VITO and the Geological Survey of Belgium) are cooperating to harmonise the geological and hydrogeological models of the Netherlands (DGM and REGIS II) and Flanders (Geological 3D model and HCOV). This project is called "H3O" which stands for "(Hydro)geologische 3d-modellering Ondergrond". The H3O project focuses on the Roer Valley Graben that runs from Germany in a north-westerly direction over the central part of Limburg, the north-easterly part of the Belgian province of Limburg to Noord-Brabant and is bordered by major fault zones along the north and south perimeters. The aim of the project is to make a cross-border, up-to-date, three-dimensional geological and hydrogeological model of the Quaternary and Tertiary deposits in the Limburg, Southeast Brabant and Flemish part of this region. This will help to identify, study and rectify the differences between the existing (hydro)geological interpretations. The work is supervised by a committee of experts and carried out by VITO, the Belgian Geological Survey and the Geological Survey of the Netherlands of TNO. These organisations have extensive knowledge of the stratigraphy and regional geology as well as experience of creating 3D models of the subsurface (Geological 3D model of Flanders, DGM, REGIS, GeoTOP). Delivery and presentation of

  2. Younger Middle Terrace – Saalian pre-Drenthe deposits overlying MIS 7 Nachtigall interglacial strata near Höxter/ Weser, NW-Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Rohde

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In einer Subrosionsstruktur über Evaporiten des Oberen Buntsandstein sind im Bergland am Oberlauf der Weser zwischen Höxter und Holzminden pleistozäne warm- und kühlzeitliche „Tone“- und „Torfe“ erhalten geblieben. Sie trennen hier kaltzeitliche Terrassen-Kiese und -Sande der Weser. Als Rohstoff wurden sie in dem kleinen Tagebau Nachtigall abgebaut. Aus Bohrungen, die 1997/98 zur Erkundung der Lagerstätte u.a. als Rammkernbohrungen niedergebracht wurden, standen für geowissenschaftliche Untersuchungen 33 m nahezu durchgehende Kernstrecke zur Verfügung. Daraus konnten 13,5 m für sedimentologische, palynostratigraphische und radiochronologische Untersuchungen ausgewählt werden. Diese warm- und kühlklimatischen Ablagerungen wurden als Nachtigall-Complex zusammengefasst und 2011 von zwei Autorengruppen des Projekts in zwei methodisch unterschiedlichen Artikeln veröffentlicht. Als geologischer Rahmen wurden 25 km2 Flussniederungs- und Hanglandschaft seit 1994 lithostratigraphisch und strukturgeologisch mit dem hier vorgelegten Ergebnis analysiert. Die zuvor schon bekannte Subrosionsstruktur erwies sich als z.T. von Störungen begrenzt. Die wichtigsten pleistozänen Kartiereinheiten sind die Sedimentkörper von 4 Flussterrassen; nach abnehmendem Alter sind dies: – jüngste der Oberterrassen, nicht abgesunken – Ältere Mittelterrasse (ÄMT, abgesunken – Jüngere Mittelterrasse, nicht abgesunken – Niederterrasse, z.T. auf Schichten der abgesunkenen ÄMT. Die Schichten des Nachtigall-Complex liegen direkt über Schichten der ÄMT und werden von Schichten der Jüngeren Mittelterrasse diskordant überlagert; sie sind abgesunken und verformt. Außerhalb des Untersuchungsgebietes wird die ÄMT – ihrer Lage in der Terrassentreppe gemäß – dem Marinen Isotopen-Stadium MIS 8 im unteren Teil des Saale-Komplex zugeordnet, die Jüngere Mittelterrasse dem älteren Abschnitt von MIS 6 im tiefen oberen Teil des Saale-Komplex vor dem

  3. Stress and strain around a multiply reactivated deep-seated fault zone and its impact on a potential geothermal reservoir - The Freiburg-Bonndorf-Bodensee fault zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egli, Daniel; Madritsch, Herfried; Ibele, Tobias; Mosar, Jon; Vietor, Tim

    2014-05-01

    drilled geothermal exploration well nearby showed similar stress and strain characteristics based on structural analysis of core material and in situ stress measurements and hence confirmed the results obtained during field work. The comparison shows the valuable input of tectonic surface investigations during the early exploration stage of geothermal projects. Carlé, W. (1955). Bau und Entwicklung der südwestdeutschen Grossscholle, Geologisches Jahrbuch, Beihefte, 16, 272 pp. Paul, W. (1948). Beiträge zur Tektonik und Morphologie des mittleren Schwarzwaldes und seiner Ostabdachung, Mitteilungen der Badischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, 45-49.

  4. GEOTHERM, a programme for enhanced utilisation of geothermal energy; GEOTHERM: Programm zur Foerderung der Nutzung geothermischer Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kraml, M.; Ochmann, N. [Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover (Germany)

    2004-12-01

    GEOTHERM is a programme for enhancing the utilisation of geothermal energy in developing countries, funded by the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and carried out by the Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Hanover. Project partners can be geological services, energy ministries or private or state-owned utilities. The project started in 2003. First, promising countries were contacted according to a catalogue of criteria, eight of which have since then submitted a detailed project application. Suggested projects included feasibility studies of geothermal sites, training, support in introducing legislation on geothermal energy, economic efficiency investigations and environmental impact statements and, of course, detailed geoscientific analyses of projected sites. The first countries to receive support were Kenia, Uganda and Eritrea. The work carried out in these countries comprised pre-feasibility studies, site ranking, and training of two scientists at the UN university in Iceland (UNU-GTP). Further countries will be supported in the second project phase from 2005, with the focus on East Africa because of the intended cooperation with the UNEP-initiated African Rift Geothermal Development Facility (ARGeo) which will make it possible to use synergy effects. (orig.) [German] GEOTHERM ist ein Programm zur Foerderung der Nutzung von geothermischer Energie in Entwicklungslaendern. Die Mittel werden vom Bundesministerium fuer wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ) zur Verfuegung gestellt. Durchgefuehrt wird das Programm von der Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) in Hannover. Projektpartner koennen Geologische Dienste, Energieministerien oder private sowie staatliche Energieversorgungsunternehmen sein. Zu Beginn der Projektlaufzeit im Jahre 2003 wurden entsprechend einem Kriterienkatalog aussichtsreiche Laender kontaktiert und acht dieser Laender haben daraufhin einen detaillierten

  5. 3D structural model of the North Alpine Foreland Basin, Bavarian Part

    Science.gov (United States)

    Przybycin, Anna M.; Scheck-Wenderoth, Magdalena; Schneider, Michael

    2013-04-01

    under the Alps. Comparing it to recently published LABs (e.g. Legendre et al. 2012) a good match can be noticed concerning the overall depth trend. References Birner, Mayr, Thomas, Schneider, Baumann & Winkler (2011) "Hydrochemistry and evolution of deep groundwaters in the Malm aquifer in the Bavarian part of the South German Molasse Basin"; Zeitschrift Geologischer Wissenschaften 39 (3/4) Legendre, Meier, Lebedev, Friedrich and Viereck-Götte (2012) "A shear wave velocity ,odel oft he European upper mantle from automated inversion of seismic shear and surface waveforms", Geophysical Journal International 191, 282-304 Lüschen, Borrini, Gebrande, Lammerer, Millahn, Neubauer, Nicolich (2006) "TRANSALP - deep crustal Vibroseis and explosive seismic profiling in the Eastern Alps", Tectonophysics 414

  6. Low-grade metamorphism in the eastern Southern Alps: Distribution, conditions, timing and implications for the tectonics of the Alps and NW Dinarides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neubauer, Franz; Heberer, Bianca; Genser, Johann; Friedl, Getrude

    2014-05-01

    main body of the Alpine orogen exposed north of the E-trending Periadriatic fault. In previous interpretations, the eastern Southalpine unit was considered to differ in many respects from Alpine units north of the Periadriatic fault including (1) no Alpine metamorphic overprint and, therefore, (2) also no Alpine ductile deformation in contrast to amphibolite- and even eclogite- grade metamorphism (ca. 100 - 85 Ma) in Austroalpine units north of the fault, and by (3) S- to SW-, Adria-directed vergency of the deformation of mostly Eocene to Neogene age in contrast to all units basically directed to the north and northwest, towards the stable European plate. The Southalpine unit is considered as back-thrust of the Middle-Late Eocene plate collision between Stable Europe and the Alpine thrust wedge (Doglioni & Bosellini, 1987). The new data from the eastern part of the Southalpine unit challenge this view and imply a steadily but slowly growing Adria-directed thrust wedge between Maastrichtian and Early Eocene times. Acknowledement: The work has been supported by the Austrian Science Fund (project no. 22,110). References Borojević Šoštarić, S. Neubauer, F., Handler, R., Palinkaš, L. A., 2012. Variscan vs. Alpine tectonothermal events in NW-Dinarides: constraints from 40Ar/39Ar dating. Geologica Carpathica, 63, 441-452. Doglioni, C., Bosellini, A., 1987. Eoalpine and mesoalpine tectonics in the Southern Alps. Geologische Rundschaus, 76, 735-754. Feijth, J., 2002. Paleozoic and Mesozoic tectonometamorphic development and geochronology of the Orobic chain (Southern Alps, Lombardy, Italy). PhD thesis, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Geosciences, Technical University of Berlin, 136 p. Ilić, A., Neubauer, F., Handler, R. (submitted). Formation of a structural dome due to transpression: The Lim unit in Central Dinarides. Journal of Structural Geology. Läufer, A.L., Frisch, W., Steinitz, G., Loeschke, J., 1997. Exhumed fault-bounded Alpine blocks along the Periadriatic

  7. A preliminary bioavailable strontium isotope soil map of Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoogewerff, Jurian; Reimann, Clemens; Ueckermann, Henriette; Frei, Robert; Frei, Karin; van Aswegen, Thalita; Stirling, Claudine; Reid, Malcolm; Clayton, Aaron; Gemas Project Team

    2017-04-01

    (XRF) element (R=0.33), which initially might hint at the influence of seaspray as it is often hypothesized that seaspray is a major source of 87Sr/86Sr variation in coastal regions. To test this hypothesis the distances to the coast in the major north-westerly wind direction in Europe and the shortest distance to any coast were calculated. Neither distance measure provided any significant correlation with 87Sr/86Sr values, indicating that the cause of the Na-Sr correlation is not likely to be seaspray, which would agree with poor correlation with presumably mobile Na in the Aqua Regia extracts. In concordance with observations of other authors5 modeling accuracy is improved by creating separate models for contrasting lithologies; igneous, marine limestones and other types. Igneous parent material provided the most convincing model using parameters like age, Rb/Sr ratio and 206Pb/208Pb. Attempts to model 87Sr/86Sr of soil on marine limestones with the LOWESS version 36 87Sr/86Sr vs. age curve were not convincing although some pattern similarity could be observed. Uranium and sodium content combined with pH are reasonable predictors of 87Sr/86Sr in soils on marine limestone parent material. The 87Sr/86Sr dataset with coordinates and models will be available from the main author after publication later in 2017. Reimann, C., et al., (2014). Geologisches Jahrbuch (Reihe B 102), Schweizerbarth, Hannover. Voerkelius S. et al., (2010). Food Chemistry. 118 (4), pp. 933-940. Asch, K., (2003). Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3, Schweizerbarth. Hannover. Hartmann, J., and N. Moosdorf (2012), Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 13, Q12004. Bataille, C. P. and G. J. Bowen. 2012. Chemical Geology 304-305:39- 52. J. M. McArthur, et al., Journal of Geology, 2001, volume 109, p. 155-170

  8. Sedimentation architecture of the volcanically-dammed Alf valley in the West Eifel Volcanic Field, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichhorn, Luise; Lange, Thomas; Engelhardt, Jörn; Polom, Ulrich; Pirrung, Michael; Büchel, Georg

    2015-04-01

    . Due to the density of core locations in the valley and shear seismic data, an architecture model of this high resolution archive was established. Cipa, W. (1958). Erdmagnetische Vermessung einiger Lavaströme und Tuffschlote in der Vorder-Eifel. Geologisches Jahrbuch 75. Hemfler, M. and G. Büchel (1991). Influente Verhältnisse als Folge der Trinkwassergewinnung im Alfbachtal bei Strohn (Westeifel). Pollichia 78. Pirrung, M., G. Büchel and K.-H. Köppen (2007). Hochauflösende fluviolakustrine Sedimente des jüngeren Pleistozän aus dem Alfbachtal bei Gillenfeld (Westeifel) - erste Ergebnisse. Mainzer geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 35. Sirocko, F., S. Dietrich, D. Veres, P. M. Grootes, K. Schaber-Mohr, K. Seelos, M.-J. Nadeau, B. Kromer, L. Rothacker, M. Röhner, M. Krbetschek, P. Appleby, U. Hambach, C. Rolf, M. Sudo and S. Grim (2013). Multi-proxy dating of Holocene maar lakes and Pleistocene dry maar sediments in the Eifel, Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews 62.

  9. Isochron burial dating of the Haslau terrace of the Danube (Vienna Basin) and interlaboratory comparison of sample preparation in Vienna and Budapest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruszkiczay-Rüdiger, Zsófia; Neuhuber, Stephanie; Decker, Kurt; Braucher, Régis; Fiebig, Marcus; Braun, Mihály; Lachner, Johannes; Aster Team

    2017-04-01

    demonstrate that the laboratory background is safe for in-situ produced cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al extraction at both Vienna and Budapest laboratories and that the different geochemical digestion and purification schemes applied by the two laboratories for the extraction of 10Be and 26Al lead to similar results. A preliminary (not corrected) isochron burial age of ˜2.4 Ma was calculated for the higher sedimentary unit of the Haslau terrace on the basis of the slope of the isochron. This age is significantly older than the Middle Pleistocene age previously estimated. Further age determinations are nevertheless necessary to decide whether this preliminary age is accurate or not. Thanks to OTKA PD83610, OMAA 90öu17; LP2012-27/2012. INSU/CNRS, the ANR through the program "EQUIPEX Investissement d'Avenir" and IRD. References: [1] Decker et al., 2005. QSR 24, 307-322. [2] Salcher et al., 2012. Tectonics 31, 1-20. [3] Balco and Rovey, 2008. AJS 908, 1083-1114 [4] Fuchs and Grill, 1984. Geologische Karte von Wien und Umgebung (1:200.000) [5] http://www.geochem.hu/kozmogen/Lab_en.html

  10. Raw materials for the energy supply of the future. Geology, markets, environmental influences; Rohstoffe fuer die Energieversorgung der Zukunft. Geologie, Maerkte, Umwelteinfluesse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagelueken, Christian [Umicore, Hanau-Wolfgang (Germany); Thauer, Rudolf K. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg (Germany); Buchholz, Peter [Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover (Germany). Deutsche Rohstoffagentur; Herzig, Peter [GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum fuer Ozeanforschung Kiel (Germany); Gutzmer, Jens [Technische Univ. Bergakademie Freiberg (Germany); Helmholtz-Institut Freiberg fuer Ressourcentechnologie (Germany); Littke, Ralf [Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule (RWTH), Aachen (Germany); Angerer, Gerhard; Wellmer, Friedrich-Wilhelm

    2015-11-15

    ;'Energiesysteme der Zukunft'' (ESYS) kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass geologisch gesehen genuegend Rohstoffe zur Verfuegung stehen. Die Herausforderung besteht jedoch darin, die Versorgung sicher, bezahlbar sowie umwelt- und sozialvertraeglich zu gestalten. Die Analyse erlaeutert die Wirkmechanismen auf den globalen Rohstoffmaerkten und identifiziert Versorgungsrisiken. Dazu zaehlen zum Beispiel ploetzliche Nachfrageschuebe auf den internationalen Maerkten sowie die ungleiche Verteilung der Rohstoffvorkommen auf der Welt. Daran anschliessend liefert die Analyse Ansaetze, um Warnsignale fuer potenzielle Rohstoffengpaesse rechtzeitig zu erkennen, Ausweichstrategien zu entwickeln und die Rohstoffversorgung fuer die Energiewende zu sichern. So kann zum Beispiel der Ausbau des Recyclings dazu beitragen, die Abhaengigkeit von Metallimporten zu reduzieren. Im Bergbau wiederum gilt es, innovative Technologien zu entwickeln, um die Erkundung und Nutzung der Lagerstaetten zu verbessern. Durch die Festlegung verbindlicher Umwelt- und Sozialstandards koennte die Rohstoffgewinnung darueber hinaus nachhaltiger erfolgen. Die Analyse beleuchtet ausserdem die Bedeutung der Bioenergie und fossiler Rohstoffe wie Erdoel und Erdgas fuer die Energiewende. Die Autoren beschreiben, welche Vor- und Nachteile diese Energietraeger mit sich bringen und durch welche Massnahmen Umweltbelastungen wie Treibhausgasemissionen reduziert werden koennen.

  11. Fission track ages and Exhumation mechanisms of the Tauern Window, Eastern Alps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Audrey; Rosenberg, Claudio; Garcia, Sebastian

    2010-05-01

    units in the core of the TW and that orogen-parallel extension played a subordinate role during unroofing. New fission track ages, complementing the published ones, will be used to obtain a detailed 3D pattern of cooling, especially in the central TW. This pattern, combined with a thermal model, will allow us to discuss the relative importance of the afore mentioned two end-members exhumation mechanisms and to relate them to the temporal evolution of the exhumation processes. References Behrmann, J. H., 1988, Crustal-scale extension in a convergent orogen: The Sterzing-Steinach mylonite zone in the Eastern Alps. Geodynamica Acta, 2, 63-73. Foster, D. A., Schafer, C., Fanning, M.C., and Hyndmann D. W., 2001, Relationships between crustal partial melting, plutonism, orogeny, and exhumation: Idaho-Bitterroot batholith. Tectonophysics, 342, 313-350. Genser, J. and Neubauer, F., 1989, Low angle normal faults at the eastern margin of the Tauern window (Eastern Alps). Mitteilungen der Österreichische Geologische Gesellschaft, 81, 233-243. Rosenberg, C. L., Brun, J.-P., and Gapais, D., 2004, An indentation model of the Eastern Alps and the origin of the Tauern Window. Geology, 32, 997-1000. Selverstone, J., 1988, Evidence for East-West crustal extension in the eastern Alps: implications for the unroofing history of the Tauern Window. Tectonics, 7, 87-105. Selverstone, J., Franz, G., Thomas, S., Getty, S., 1992. Fluid variability in 2 GPa eclogites as an indicator of fluid behavior during subduction. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 112, 341-357.

  12. Fold-related fractures - a brittle tectonic case study of the Helvetic zone in Vorarlberg (western Austria) and Upper Allgäu (Bavaria)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerlauth, M.

    2012-04-01

    stress, that is reported from eastern Switzerland too (Pfiffner, 1981) . Large or important deviations of this stress regime can't be observed so far. However, fractures related to 2nd and 3rd order local stress fields, can alternate. This hampers the definition of a generalized, relative age succession of the different fractures. Apart from the genesis of these brittle features, their spatial distribution is of interest too. From scanline measurements along appropriate outcrops, statistical probability parameters concerning fracture-length, -spacing and -connectivity can be obtained. Thereof values for fracture-porosity can be derived; i.e. the hydraulic conductivity of the Schrattenkalk-Fm. is between 10-5-10-3 m/s (Büttner et al., 2003). Although there are some indications for at least partially uncemented fractures at the surface, the porosity values obtained are a rough estimation, due to the unknown degree of cementation in great depths. A large number of fractures are filled with mainly calcite-cements; quartz-cements occur subordinate. Inclusions within these often idiomorphic cement-crystals will be investigated, to get knowledge first about the chemism of the fluids involved and second according the p/T- conditions the cementation took place. Büttner, G., Pamer, R. & Wagner B. (2003): Hydrogeologische Raumgliederung von Bayern - Fachbericht Bd. 20, Bayerisches Geologisches Landesamt, 88 Seiten. Hancock, P.L. (1985): Brittle microtectonics: principles and practice. Journal of Structural Geology, Vol.7, Nos. 3/4, pp. 437-457. Pfiffner, O.A. (1981): Fold-and-thrust tectonic in the Helvetic Nappes (E Switzerland). - In: McClay, K.R. & Price, N.J. (Ed.): Thrust and Nappe Tectonics, Spec. Publ. geol. Soc. London 9, pp.319-327.

  13. Isochron burial dating of Danube terraces in the course of an interlaboratory comparison on sample preparation in Vienna and Budapest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuhuber, Stephanie; Ruszkiczay-Rüdiger, Zsófia; Decker, Kurt; Braucher, Regis; Fiebig, Markus; Braun, Mihály; Häuselmann, Philipp; Aster Team

    2016-04-01

    -depositional history, but have different pre-exposure and transport histories [4]. The sandy gravel of the Haslau terrace was sampled in an active gravel pit. At this location, two major sedimentary units are separated by an erosional hiatus of unknown duration. The upper sequence was sampled at 5.5 m depth and the lower one was sampled at 11.8 m depth. From both depths six quartzite or quartz-bearing cobbles were taken together with a bulk sample from the matrix for isochron burial duration determination. Five samples were split after crushing and sieving and were processed at both the Cosmogenic Nuclide Sample Preparation Laboratory at Vienna and at Budapest (http://www.geochem.hu/kozmogen/Lab_en.html), in order to assess and compare the sample processing preocedures of these recently operating sample preparation laboratories. AMS measurements were performed at the French national facility ASTER (CEREGE (Aix-en-Provence, France). Thanks to OTKA PD83610, NKM-96/2014, NKM-31/2015; OMAA 90öu17; LP2012-27/2012. INSU/CNRS, the ANR through the program "EQUIPEX Investissement d'Avenir", IRD and CEA. [1] Decker et al., 2005. QSR 24, 307-322 [2] Hintersberger et al, 2013, EGU2013-12755 [3] Salcher et al. 2012. Tectonics, 31, TC3004, doi:10.1029/2011TC002979 [4] Balco and Rovey, 2008. AJS 908, 1083-1114 [5] Fuchs and Grill, 1984, Geologische Gebietskarte der Republik Österreich 1:200 000 Wien und Umgebung

  14. The burden of cesium 137 in forest clerks; Die Belastung mit Caesium 137 bei Beschaeftigten der Forstverwaltung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Piechotowski, I.; Jaroni, J. [Landesgesundheitsamt Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart (Germany); Link, B. [Arbeits- und Sozialministerium des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart (Germany); Groezinger, O. [Ministerium fuer Umwelt und Verkehr des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2000-07-01

    In 47 forest clerks from the regions Ortenau and Oberschwaben in south-west Germany the incorporation of cesium 137 and potassium 40 was measured in autumn 1994. Soil burden as well as burden of nutrition with cesium 137 are different in these regions for geological reasons and as a result of the nuclear accident of Chernobyl. Caused by low content of clay in Oberschwaben, the transfer of cesium to plants is assisted. Heavy rainfall after the nuclear accident led to an additional increase of burden. The median of the concentration of cesium 137 was 1.4 Bq/kg body weight. The median for potassium 40 was 58 Bq/kg body weight. For cesium 137 regional differences were observed. For persons from Oberschwaben the median for cesium 137 was with 2.8 Bq/kg body weight clearly higher than for persons from Ortenau with 0,6 Bq/kg body weight. Concerning nutrition habits, the clearest difference was found comparing persons who had ate a minimum of four portions of deer from the surroundings within the last four weeks with persons who had ate less than four portions of deer from the surroundings within the last four weeks. The difference was greater in Oberschwaben than in Ortenau. The effective dose of cesium 137 calculated on the basis of the incorporation is very low compared to natural radiation. This is also valid for persons from Oberschwaben. (orig.) [German] Im Herbst 1994 wurde bei insgesamt 47 Bediensteten der Forstverwaltung aus den Regionen Ortenaukreis und Oberschwaben die Inkorportation an Caesium 137 und Kalium 40 gemessen. Sowohl die Bodenbelastung als auch die Belastung von Nahrungsmitteln mit Caesium 137 unterscheiden sich in diesen Gebieten bedingt durch geologische Besonderheiten und in Folge des Reaktorunfalls von Tschernobyl. Aufgrund eines geringen Anteils an Tonerden wird in Oberschwaben der Caesiumtransfer in Pflanzen beguenstigt, eine zusaetzliche Erhoehung der Belastung erfolgte durch starke Niederschlaege nach dem Reaktorunfall. Die Konzentration fuer

  15. Art in Paleontology: The Example of Manfred Reichel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leria, M.; Ferràndez-Cañadell, C.

    2013-12-01

    Scientific illustration is a fundamental tool to communicate information through a form of nonverbal language with its own grammar and syntax. Contrary to the idea of scientific illustration as a simple scientific analytic tool, without a personal identity, we present an example where rigor is intrinsically linked to a high sensibility, and a deep knowledge of drawing that brings as a result a beautiful piece of art. In 1918 Manfred Reichel left his studies in Fine Arts (École des Beaux-Arts in Geneva, Switzerland) and began his career as a scientist, obtaining a degree in biological sciences from University of Neuchâtel. Humble by nature, he assumed he would not become a great artist, as he would tell his students. His point of view in micropaleontology, focused in foraminifera, protozoa with a complex shell, had an impact on his students and other specialists. His background in art benefited him in the research of the more complex foraminiferal structures, which he clarified by means of rich illustrations, with a high degree of beauty, inspired by the French naturalists. His research on the study of the shell of some foraminiferal groups, such as alveolinids, orbitolinids and fusulinids, produced some superb illustrations, which display their complex structure in such a comprehensible way that they could not be improved by modern techniques and are still used today. Reichel started teaching micropaleontology in 1935 at the Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut of the University of Basel. As a professor of paleontology, he trained his students in drawing to enhance the level of description of their illustrations. When the interpretation turned out to be too difficult, he would encourage them to reconstruct the architecture of foraminifera, creating a 3D model, in order to visualize how the drawing should be. Due to his interest on ornithology and the mechanics of flight, he also created pictorial illustrations of birds, published in magazines and books. He used

  16. Eurekan deformation on Prins Karls Forland, Svalbard - new insights from Ar40/Ar39 muscovite dating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faehnrich, Karol; Schneider, David; Manecki, Maciej; Czerny, Jerzy; Myhre, Per Inge; Majka, Jarosław; Kośmińska, Karolina; Barnes, Christopher; Maraszewska, Maria

    2017-04-01

    Eurekan deformation has been proven to be a complex sequence of tectonic episodes, dominated by compression in the Circum Arctic region. It was associated with early Cenozoic collision of Eurasia, North America and Greenland plates producing fold-thrust belt style of deformation. Timing of this enigmatic event has not yet been extensively resolved by radiometric dating (Piepjohn et al. 2016, Journal of the Geological Society, 173(6), 1007-1024). Reinhardt et al. (2013, Z. Dt. Ges. Geowiss., 164 (1), 131-147) dated syn-tectonic volcanic ashes at c. 60 Ma and 54 Ma on Ellesmere Island, Canada. Tagner et al. (2011, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 303(3), 203-214) interpreted c. 49-47 Ma 40Ar/39Ar ages on trachyte flows in northern Greenland as peak compression during the Eurekan event. On Svalbard, Tessensohn et al. (2001, Geologisches Jahrbuch, B 91, 83-104) reported K/Ar whole rock ages ranging from c. 67 to 49 Ma for the slates from Svartfjella-Eidembukta-Daudmannsodden Lineament. Bentonite layers in the Central Tertiary Basin are as young as c. 56 Ma (Charles et al. 2011, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, 1-19), predating latest deformation. Moreover, Barnes et al (2017, in prep.) applied (U-Th)/He thermochronology along the western margin of Svalbard and resolved Early to Middle Eocene heating, likely documenting burial related to thrusting. Here we present new results from 40Ar/39Ar muscovite dating of ductile to brittle shear zone on Prins Karls Forland, Svalbard, indicating Eurekan age of thrusting. Prins Karls Forland is dominated by Neoproterozoic siliciclastic metasediments (comprising Caledonian basement) regionally metamorphosed to greenschist facies conditions. A ˜1 km wide ductile to brittle shear zone (the Bouréefjellet shear zone) separates the amphibolite facies Pinkie Unit from the lower grade upper structural unit, the Grampianfjella Formation (Faehnrich et al. 2016, EGU 2016). The age of the amphibolite facies metamorphism (c. 370-355 Ma

  17. Carboniferous magmatism in the Evora Massif (southwest Portugal, Ossa-Morena Zone): from typical arc calc-alkaline to adakitic-like magmatism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Selma M.; Neiva, Ana M. R.; Ramos, Joao M. F.

    2014-05-01

    the PP and the neighboring plutons are observed. First, the PP has the most primitive Sr-Nd isotopic signature; second, several chemical features (like high Na2O [3.86-5.87 %], Sr [278-939 ppm] and Sr/Y [12.4-192.5], low Y [2.4-19.5 ppm] and K2O/Na2O [0.19-0.75], strongly fractionated REE patterns [LaCN/YbCN = 18-43] and lack of pronounced Eu anomaly) suggest that the PP is chemically distinct from typical calc-alkaline arc rocks and is more similar to Archean TTGs and modern adakites. Using the compositional criteria of [6], an evolution towards 'slab-melts' compositions is observed within the PP, whereas the other Evora Massif plutons clearly represent 'non-slab melts'. Given their close spatial and temporal relation, we believe that the link between these granitic bodies deserves further investigation. [1] Silva and Pereira (2004) Geologische Rundschau 93, 886-896; [2] Moita et al. (2005) Geogaceta 37, 55-58; [3] Antunes et al. (2011) Estudios Geologicos 66, 25-34; [4] Antunes et al. (2011) Hutton Symposium Abstracts 9-10; [5] Lima et al. (2012) Journal of Petrology 53, 1887-1911; [6] Defant and Drummond (1990) Nature 347, 662-665.

  18. Close or not so close? Provenance studies of megalithic monuments from Alentejo (Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boaventura, R.; Moita, P.

    2012-04-01

    trace elements (namely immobile elements such as Y or Nb) compositions corroborated that slabs and geological bedrock were alike. The capstone slab that covers the dolmen of Rabuje 1 group does not belong to the nearby geological stratum. Nevertheless, a probable matching source-outcrop was located sampled and characterized in terms of geochemistry and petrograpphy and compared with the megalithic capstone. This work allowed a better characterization of the rocks used in megalithic tombs as well as corroborat a pragmatic attitude of Neolithic populations in the search of the appropriate slabs for construction as proposed previously (Boaventura, 2000). When available, the megalithic stones were likely collected from the nearby stratum and therefore the distances traveled were small (in situ or less than 1-2 km). Nevertheless, when the type of stone needed was not available in the vicinity (e.g fracturing provided only smaller stones) it would be necessary to travel longer distances, up to 8 km (Boaventura, 2000), as in the case of the dolmen of Rabuje 1. Boaventura, R. (2000) - A geologia das Antas de Rabuje (Monforte, Alentejo), Revista Portuguesa de Arquelogia.Vol. 3;2.pp-15-23. Dehn, W. Kalb, P. and Vortich, W. (1991) - Geologisch-Petrographische Untersuchungen an Megalithgräbern Portugals. Madrider Mitteilungen, 32, p. 1-28. Oliveira, J. (1997) - Monumentos megalíticos da bacia hidrográfica do Rio Sever. Ibn Maruan. Castelo de Vide. Special Edition. Oliveira, J. (2006) - Património arqueológico da Coudelaria de Alter e as primeiras comunidades agropastoris. [Évora]: Colibri.

  19. The record of India-Asia collision preserved in Tethyan ocean basin sediments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najman, Yani; Jenks, Dan; Godin, Laurent; Boudagher-Fadel, Marcelle; Bown, Paul; Horstwood, Matt; Garzanti, Eduardo; Bracialli, Laura; Millar, Ian

    2015-04-01

    the time of collision. With the recent discovery that the Indus Group sediments in the suture zone cannot be used for this purpose as previously proposed (Henderson et al. 2011) we turn to the 54 Ma Kong and Chulung La Formation youngest Tethyan sediments on the Indian margin (Garzanti et al. 1987) to investigate whether we can identify such material, and whether it be Spong arc (Fuchs and Willems 1990), KLA or Trans-Himalayan derived, thus determining what collided with India and when. References Bouilhol P, Jagoutz O, Hanchar JM, Dudas FO. 2013. Dating the India-Eurasia collision through arc magmatic records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 366, 163-175. Chatterjee S, Goswami A, Scotese CR. 2013. The longest voyage: Tectonic, magmatic, and paleoclimatic evolution of the Indian plate during its northward flight from Gondwana to Asia. Gondwana Research 23, 238-267. Clift P, Carter A, Krol M, Kirby E. 2002. Constraints on India-Eurasia collision in the Arabian sea region taken from the Indus Group, Ladakh Himalaya, India. The tectonic and climatic evolution of the Arabian Sea region Geological Society of London Special Publication 195, 97-116. de Sigoyer J, Chavagnac V, Blichert-Toft J, Villa IM, Luais B, Guillot S, Cosca M, Mascle G. 2000. Dating the Indian continental subduction and collisional thickening in the northwest Himalaya: Multichronology of the Tso Morari eclogites. Geology 28, 487-490. Fuchs G, Willems H. 1990. The final stages of sedimentation in the Tethyan zone of Zanskar and their geodynamic significance (Ladakh - Himalaya). Jahrbuche Geologische Bundenstalt 133: 259-273. Garzanti E, Baud A, Mascle G. 1987. Sedimentary Record of the Northward Flight of India and Its Collision with Eurasia (Ladakh Himalaya, India). Geodinamica Acta 1, 297-312. Green OR, Searle MP, Corfield RI, Corfield RM. 2008. Cretaceous-tertiary carbonate platform evolution and the age of the India-Asia collision along the Ladakh Himalaya (northwest India). J Geol 116: 331

  20. Prediction of the flooding process at the Ronneburg site - results of an integrated approach; Flutungsprognose am Standort Ronneburg - Ergebnisse eines integrierten Modellansatzes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, M.; Saenger, H.-J.; Snagowski, S. [Wismut GmbH, Chemnitz (Germany); Maerten, H. [UIT Dresden (Germany); Eckart, M. [Geocontrol Gera (Germany)

    1998-12-31

    above sea-level or higher. Ongoing work is focused to derive detailed input parameters for one of the possible discharge areas and to the model calibration based on monitoring results. (orig.) [Deutsch] Zur Vorbereitung und ingenieurtechnischen Begleitung der zum Jahreswechsel 1997/98 eingeleiteten Flutung des untertaegigen Grubengebaeudes am Standort Ronneburg der WISMUT GmbH sowie zur Ableitung und Optimierung von Teilmassnahmen wurde ein integrierter Modellansatz entwickelt, der verschiedene miteinander verknuepfte Einzelmodule beinhaltet. Die wichtigsten Problemstellungen fuer den Modelleinsatz sind: (1) Prognose der Flutungsdynamik (2) Prognose der Lage des Grundwasserspiegels im Nachflutungszustand, der in Richtung Vorflutgebieten austretenden Wassermengen sowie deren Lokation, (3) Prognose der Wasserbeschaffenheit in einzelnen Grubenfeldern waehrend Flutung sowie des nach Flutungsende uebertretenden Grundwassers, (4) Ableitung technologischer Massnahmen und Einschaetzung ihrer Wirksamkeit. Den Modellkern bildet ein Boxmodell, welches die Hohlraumbilanz der Grube sohlen- und grubenfeldbezogen abbildet und dabei die raeumliche Lage sowie die Art der Verbindungen zwischen einzelnen Zellen beruecksichtigt. Neben verschiedenen Typen bergmaennischen Hohlraums wird der entwaesserte geologische Hohlraumanteil unter Beachtung der Kontur des bestehenden Absenkungstrichters und der Beschaffenheit der beeinflussten Lithologien einbezogen. Unter Zugrundelegung der derzeitigen Grubenwasserbilanz sowie technologischer Ablaeufe bei der Einleitung und Steuerung der Flutung (Absperrbauwerke, Zeitpunkt der Ausserbetriebnahme der Wasserhaltungen) erlaubt das Boxmodell Prognoserechnungen zur Flutungsdynamik in einzelnen Feldesteilen. Die Kopplung mit einem Stoffbilanzmodell auf der Basis von PHREEQC gestattet die Prognose der Wasserbeschaffenheit von Teilstroemen waehrend der Flutung sowie die Einschaetzung der Wirksamkeit von Massnahmen zur In-situ-Behandlung der Grubenwaesser. Zur

  1. Closure of Tethys and early stages of Himalayan evolution: constraints from the detrital record, Ladakh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenks, D.; Najman, Y.; Godin, L.; Parrish, R.; Horstwood, M.; Green, O.; Bown, P.; Garzanti, E.; Willems, H.

    2009-04-01

    , R. I., Stephenson, B., and McCarron, J., 1997, Geological Magazine, 134 (3), 297-316. [6]Rowley, D.B., 1998. Journal of Geology 106, 229-235. [7] Hodges, K. V., 2000, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 112, (3), 324-350. [8] Garzanti, E., Baud, A., and Mascle, G., 1987, Geodinamica Acta, 1, (4-5), 297-312. [9] Nicora, A., Garzanti, E., Fois, E., 1987, Riv. It. Peleont. Strat., 92, 439-496. [10] Fuchs, G., Willems, H., 1990, Jahrbuche Geologische Bundenstalt, 133, 259-273. [11] Critelli, S., and Garzanti, E., 1994, Sedimentary Geology, 89, (3-4), 265-284. [12] Zhu, B., Kidd, W. S. F., Rowley, D., Currie, B., and Shafique, N., 2005, Journal of Geology, 113, 265-285. [13] Najman, Y., unpublished data. [14] Wen, D.-R., Liu, D., Chung, S-L., Chu, M-F., Ji, J., Zhang, Q., Song, B., Lee, T-Y., Yeh, M-W. and Lo, C-H., 2008, Chemical Geology, 252, 191-201.

  2. Determination of Uniaxial Compressive Strength of Ankara Agglomerate Considering Fractal Geometry of Blocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coskun, Aycan; Sonmez, Harun; Ercin Kasapoglu, K.; Ozge Dinc, S.; Celal Tunusluoglu, M.

    2010-05-01

    of granular materials. Engineering Geology 48, 231-244. Kahraman, S., Alber, M., Fener, M. and Gunaydin, O. 2008. Evaluating the geomechanical properties of Misis fault breccia (Turkey). Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci, 45, (8), 1469-1479. Kolay, E., Kayabali, K., 2006. Investigation of the effect of aggregate shape and surface roughness on the slake durability index using the fractal dimension approach. Engineering Geology 86, 271-294. Kruhl, J.H., Nega, M., 1996. The fractal shape of sutured quartz grain boundaries: application as a geothermometer. Geologische Rundschau 85, 38-43. Lindquist E.S. 1994. The strength, deformation properties of melange. PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1994. 264p. Lindquist E.S. and Goodman R.E. 1994. The strength and deformation properties of the physical model m!elange. In: Nelson PP, Laubach SE, editors. Proceedings of the First North American Rock Mechanics Conference (NARMS), Austin, Texas. Rotterdam: AA Balkema; 1994. Pardini, G., 2003. Fractal scaling of surface roughness in artificially weathered smectite rich soil regoliths. Geoderma 117, 157-167. Sezer E., 2009. A computer program for fractal dimension (FRACEK) with application on type of mass movement characterization. Computers and Geosciences (doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2009.04.006). Sonmez H, Tuncay E, and Gokceoglu C., 2004. Models to predict the uniaxial compressive strength and the modulus of elasticity for Ankara Agglomerate. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 41 (5), 717-729. Sonmez, H., Gokceoglu, C., Medley, E.W., Tuncay, E., and Nefeslioglu, H.A., 2006. Estimating the uniaxial compressive strength of a volcanic bimrock. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 43 (4), 554-561. Zorlu K., 2008. Description of the weathering states of building stones by fractal geometry and fuzzy inference system in the Olba ancient city (Southern Turkey). Engineering Geology 101 (2008) 124-133.

  3. Long-Term CO2 Exposure Experiments - Geochemical Effects on Brine-Saturated Reservoir Sandstone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Sebastian; Zemke, Kornelia; Liebscher, Axel; Wandrey, Maren

    2010-05-01

    albite during the experiments. Additionally, XRD data suggest anhydrite dissolution in the course of CO2 exposure. The chemical evolution of the brine displays increasing Ca2+ concentrations (Wandrey et al., 2010) in line with the preferred dissolution of the anorthite component of plagioclase. SEM photomicrographs show corrosion textures on mineral surfaces of, e.g., plagioclase. The petrophysical properties of the sandstone samples also suggest slight changes. NMR and MP data indicate a slightly increased porosity and a shifting to larger pore sizes. The physico-chemical measurements imply (i) Ca2+ dissolution from the rock by the fluid, and (ii) slightly increasing porosity, but decreasing permeability. However, additional evaluation is still needed to interconnect the changes suggested to occur during CO2 exposure and to better understand CO2-brine-rock interactions. Supplementary core samples have been removed from the pressure vessels after 21 and 24 months and will soon be analyzed. Further core fragments will remain in storage in the autoclaves for longer-term experiments. References BLASCHKE, A.-W., SCHöNER, R., GAUPP, R. AND FöRSTER, A. (2008): Sandstone petrography and pore system of the Upper Triassic Stuttgart Formation from a CO2 pilot storage site (Ketzin, Germany), Geo 2008 - Resources and Risks in the Earth System, International Conference and 106th Annual Meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften e.V. (DGG) and 98th Annual Meeting of the Geologische Vereinigung e.V. (GV) (Aachen 2008), 301. FöRSTER, A, NORDEN, B., ZINCK-JORGENSEN, K., FRYKMAN, P., KUHLENKAMP, J., SPANGENBERG, E., ERZINGER, J., ZIMMER, M., KOPP, J., BORM, G., JUHLIN, C., COSMA, C.-G., HURTER, S. (2006): Baseline Characterization of the CO2SINK Geological Storage Site at Ketzin, Germany, Environmental Geoscience, 13, 3, 145-161. WANDREY, M., FISCHER, S., ZEMKE, K., LIEBSCHER, A., SCHERF, A.-K., VIETH, A., ZETTLITZER, M. and WüRDEMANN, H. (2010), Monitoring

  4. Contribution of terrigenous rocks of South Belgian coal deposits in geological storage of CO2 : the sandstones case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupont, N.; Baele, J.-M.

    2009-04-01

    potential similar to that of storage in rock porosity. Finally, for reservoir safety purpose, a preliminary assessment of the mineral trapping potential shows that the whole sequestrated CO2 (within the porosity and by adsorption) could react with CO2-sensitive minerals such as chlorites and feldspars in the long term. References : Baele J.M., Raucq V. , De Weireld G., Legrain H., Billemont P., Tshibangu K. & Dupuis C. (2007) - Geological Storage of CO2 : New Concepts from Storage Capacity Evaluation in Belgian Westphalian Rocks - EGU Meeting, Vienna 2007. Bertier P., Swennen R., Laenen B., Lagrou D. & Dreesen R (2006) - Experimental identification of CO2-water-rock interactions caused by sequestration of CO2 in Westphalian and Buntsandstein sandstones of the Campine Basin (NE-Belgium) - Journal of Geochemical Exploration 89 (2006) : 10-14. Van Tongeren P., Laenen B. & Dreesen R. (2000) - Het koolbedmethaanpotentieel in Vlaanderen en de mogelijkheden tot geologische opslag van CO2 in relatie tot de winning van deze gasreserves: een pré-haalbaarheidsstudie t.b.v. de Administratie Natuurlijke Rijkdommen en Energie. VITO report 2000/ETE/R/028, 100 pp.

  5. Geological setting of silica in Dehnow-Abid region (Eshghabad northeast using fluid inclusions studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Yazdanpanah

    2017-02-01

    . In addition, 38 samples were tested as heating in order to obtain a homogenization temperature of CO2 phase fluid inclusions (L1+L2+V. Micro-thermometric fluid inclusion investigates shows that the homogenization temperature of the CO2 is varied between 26.1 to 30.6. Fluid inclusion micro-thermometry studies on mineral quartz shows that the homogenization temperature is varied between 247 to 336 ° C, salinty is varied between 0.9 to 15.8 % NaCl eq and mineralizing fluid density range is between 0.7 to 0.9 gr/cm3. Based on evidences from field and laboratory studies, especially microthermometry studies and also the presence of carbonic phase in fluid inclusions, probably silica in the Dehnow-Abid region was formed under metamorphism conditions. On the basis of Wilkinson diagram (Wilkinson, 2001, regional data have been plotted in low temperature range and gold veins that shows metamorphic environments partly. Also plotting these data on a Kessler diagram (Kesler, 2005 suggests a metamorphic source for fluids which have made the veins, lenses and quartz mass of studied area. References Aghanabati, A., 1994. Geological map of Eshghabad, scale 1:100000. Geological Survey of Iran. Davoudzadeh, M. and Schmidt, K., 1982. ZurTrias des Iran. Geologische Rundschau, 71(3: 1021-1039. Kesler, S.E., 2005. Ore Forming Fluid. Element, 1(1: 13-18. Kosari, S., 2004. Systematic geochemical exploration in sheet 1: 100000 Eshghabad. Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, 135 pp. (in Persian Rodder, E., 1979. Fluid inclusions as samples of ore fluids. In: H.L. Barnes (Editors, Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposite. John Wiley and Sons Interscience, New York, pp.684-737. Rodder, E., 1984. Fluid inclusion. Mineralogical Society of America, V.12, 644 pp. Shepherd, T., Rankin, A.H. and Allderton, D.H.M., 1985. A Practical Guide to Fluid Inclusion Studies Blackie. USA Chapman and Hall, New York, 239 pp. Takin, M., 1972. Iranian Geology and Continental Drift in the Middle East. Nature Cell

  6. Emplacement mechanism of Linglong granitoid complex, Shandong Peninsula, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WAN; Tianfeng

    2001-01-01

    Audrain, J., Amice, M., Vigneresse, J. L. et al., Gravimetry and three-dimensional geometry of the Cabeza de Araya granite pluton (Extremadura, Spain), C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 1989, 309(Ⅱ): 1757-1764.[23]Guglielmo, G., Interference between pluton expansion and coaxial tectonic deformation: Three dimensional computer model and field implications, J. of Structural Geology, 1994, 16(2): 237-252.[24]Lyons, J. B., Campbell, J. G., Erikson, J. P., Gravity signatures and geometries configurations of some Oliverrian pluton: Their relation to Acadian structures, GSA Bulletin, 1996, 108(7): 872-882.[25]Wang Bincheng, Li Futang., Characteristics of petrology and mineralogy in Linglong Granites, Shandong Geology (in Chinese with English abstract), 1985, 1(1): 1-25.[26]Yao Fengliang, Liu Liandeng, Kong Qingcun et al., Gold Vein Deposits in Northwestern Area of East Shandong (in Chinese with English abstract), Changchun: Jilin Science and Technology Publishing House, 1990, 234.[27]McNulty, B. A., Tong, W. X., Tobisch, O. T., Assembly of a dike-fed magma chamber: The Jackass Lake pluton, central Sierra Nevada, California, GSA Bulletin, 1996, 108(8): 926-940.[28]Dimoroth, E., Mueller, W., Daigneault, R. et al., Diapirism during regional compression: The structural pattern in the Chibougamau region of the Archean Abitibi belt, Quebac, Geologische Rundschau, 1986, 75: 715-736.[29]Paterson, S. P., Vernon, R. H., Bursting the bubble of ballooning plutons: A return to nested diapirs emplaced by multiple processes, GSA Bulletin, 1995, 107(11): 1356-1380.[30]Zeng Hualin, Wan Tianfeng, Teyssier, C. et al., The 3-D geometry of the Linglong granite complex from 2-D gravity forward modeling, Shandong Province, Eastern China, Geophysics, 2000, 65(2): 421-425.[31]Wan Tianfeng, Research of tectonic evolution and stress field of Shandong Province, Shandong Geology (in Chinese with English abstract), 1992, 8(2): 70-99.[32]Wan Tianfeng, Intraplate Deformation