WorldWideScience

Sample records for voluntarism special education

  1. Voluntarism and transparent deliberation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steglich-Petersen, Asbjørn

    2006-01-01

    It is widely assumed that doxastic deliberation is transparent to the factual question of the truth of the proposition being considered for belief, and that this sets doxastic deliberation apart from practical deliberation. This feature is frequently invoked in arguments against doxastic voluntar...... theoretical from practical rationality....

  2. Against a Descriptive Vindication of Doxastic Voluntarism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nottelmann, Nikolaj

    2017-01-01

    evidence does not decisively undermine voluntarism either. Thus, it would seem that normative doxastic ethics could not justifiedly appeal directly to voluntarist assumptions. Second, I attempt to bring out how doxastic voluntarists may nevertheless hope to stir methodological worries within normative...... of this kind of descriptive vindication. However, a closer examination reveals that nothing obviously suggests that voluntarism provides a better regimentation of our ascription practices as compared to rival theses concerning human powers of doxastic control....

  3. Special Education in Yugoslavia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrnjica, Sulejman

    1990-01-01

    This article describes Yugoslavia's education system, health and welfare services for children with disabilities, the nature and organization of special education services, the integration of disabled children in ordinary schools, models for training special educators, and problems. (DB)

  4. Special Education in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Hamour, Bashir; Al-Hmouz, Hanan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a brief background about special education system in Jordan and particularly describes the present types of programmes and legislation provided within the country to students with special needs, as well as integration movement. Jordan has historically provided a limited number of educational opportunities…

  5. Postmodernism in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Michael M.

    1994-01-01

    This paper urges special educators to be wary of borrowing fashionable rhetoric of postmodernism to justify constructivism in the reform of instruction and curriculum without disentangling accompanying constructs and values. There are higher stakes for special education, particularly in national curriculum and testing reform, that accompany…

  6. Mediation in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fielding, Pamela S.

    1990-01-01

    This article presents a perspective for viewing mediation in resolving conflicts between parents and school personnel about the education of handicapped students. The appropriateness of mediation as well as its limitations are discussed, as are current uses of mediation in special education and legal problems and issues arising from its use.…

  7. Handbook of Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Special education is now an established part of public education in the United States--by law and by custom. However, it is still widely misunderstood and continues to be dogged by controversies related to such things as categorization, grouping, assessment, placement, funding, instruction, and a variety of legal issues. The purpose of this…

  8. Dyslexic: Special Education and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page please turn JavaScript on. Feature: Dyslexia Special Education and Research Past Issues / Winter 2016 Table of Contents Special Education Services The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act ( ...

  9. Telecommunications in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Turnkey Systems, Inc., Falls Church, VA.

    One of four reports designed to assess the current state of new technologies, the document reviews the present and future 5-year status of telecommunication technologies in regular and special education. Briefly described are technological and economic aspects of videotex/teletext, subscription services, satellite broadcasting, cable television,…

  10. Response Essay: Special Education Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Paid

    2000-01-01

    This commentary reflects on findings from previous articles that reviewed trends in special education research in the United States, Norway, Botswana, Ecuador, Australia, and Turkey. It discusses the function, funding, and subject matter of special education research, on research on the education of special education teachers, and on research…

  11. Peruvian community health promoters: expanding the spaces of health voluntarism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Katy

    2011-01-01

    This paper emphasises the importance of recognising the global South as a key site for understanding the patterning of geographies of health voluntarism. Feeding into a broader critique of neoliberal health and development policies, the paper explores what a case study of health promoters in a popular settlement in Lima, Peru, can add to our understanding of practices of health voluntarism rooted in distinct places, emphasising the uneven and gendered nature of such voluntary activity. In particular, the paper considers the ways in which urban community spaces are negotiated, inhabited and shaped by volunteer women health workers, arguing that an exploration of these everyday practices provides a more nuanced picture of the role of voluntarism in healthcare provisioning under neoliberal regimes.

  12. Administrative Manual for Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Susan; And Others

    The manual for Michigan special education administrators addresses the rules and regulations of P.L. 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) and recommendations from the Special Education Task Force of 1977. The first paper, titled "Levels of Legal Authority Related to the Education of Handicapped Persons in Michigan" by…

  13. Replication Research and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Travers, Jason C.; Cook, Bryan G.; Therrien, William J.; Coyne, Michael D.

    2016-01-01

    Replicating previously reported empirical research is a necessary aspect of an evidence-based field of special education, but little formal investigation into the prevalence of replication research in the special education research literature has been conducted. Various factors may explain the lack of attention to replication of special education…

  14. Replication Research and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Travers, Jason C.; Cook, Bryan G.; Therrien, William J.; Coyne, Michael D.

    2016-01-01

    Replicating previously reported empirical research is a necessary aspect of an evidence-based field of special education, but little formal investigation into the prevalence of replication research in the special education research literature has been conducted. Various factors may explain the lack of attention to replication of special education…

  15. Are Special Education Students Happy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uusitalo-Malmivaara, Lotta; Kankaanpaa, Paula; Makinen, Tuula; Raeluoto, Tiina; Rauttu, Karoliina; Tarhala, Veera; Lehto, Juhani E.

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the subjective and school-related happiness of 75 11- to 16-year-old special education students to 77 age- and gender-matched mainstream students using two quantitative measures. Additionally, the respondents chose from a list of 12 putative happy makers what they felt increased their happiness. Ten special education students…

  16. Special Education Finance in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Laura; Warren, Paul; Murphy, Patrick; Ugo, Iwunze; Pathak, Aditi

    2016-01-01

    California's system of special education served about 718,000 students in 2014-15, or about 11.5 percent of the K-12 population. It is expensive, consuming some $12 billion in federal, state, and local dollars annually. Special education operates within a legal framework that sets it apart from the rest of the K-12 system. The state's enactment of…

  17. Public Relations for Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Gary L.; Steinke, Roberta J.

    This paper offers suggestions to help special educators and administrators effectively and thoroughly tell people about their school's programs and events dealing with special education. General suggestions include appointing a public relations coordinator, having school personnel complete a Public Relations Help Request Form when publicizing…

  18. The problem is education not ``special education''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fellner, Gene

    2015-12-01

    In his article, Urban special education policy and the lived experience of stigma in a high school science classroom, Chris Hale persuasively argues that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and subsequent special education policies have largely failed to serve special education students who are stigmatized by their deficit classification. Though classified students may be doubly stigmatized, research suggests that students of color who live in economically stressed communities are also subject to systemic educational policies that produce stigma; special education should be understood within the larger context of educational policy in the inner city. Though we cannot immediately dismantle the macro level structures that nurture stigma, I suggest pedagogies based on facilitating phenomenological awareness enacted through individual-collectively based methodologies to challenge the stigma that classified as well as non-classified students in the inner city often carry with them.

  19. Special Education Research Advances Knowledge in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, Sharon; Swanson, Elizabeth A.

    2015-01-01

    Research in special education has yielded beneficial outcomes for students with disabilities as well as typical achieving students. The authors provide examples of the valuable knowledge special education research has generated, including the elements of response to intervention (e.g., screening and progress monitoring), instructional practices…

  20. 34 CFR 300.39 - Special education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special education. 300.39 Section 300.39 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.39 Special education. (a) General. (1) Special...

  1. Expert Systems and Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmeister, Alan M.; Ferrara, Joseph M.

    1986-01-01

    The article discusses the characteristics of expert systems (computer programs designed to replicate human expertise in a variety of areas), describes recently available expert system development tools, suggests applications within the field of special education, and reviews recent efforts to apply expert systems technology to special education…

  2. Outsourcing Special Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Anne S.; Bishop, Anna M.

    2009-01-01

    The Lower Pioneer Valley Educational Collaborative, organized in 1974, consists of seven school districts legally bound in a governance structure. Although the member districts are located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, the collaborative provides educational programs and services to school districts and municipalities throughout western…

  3. Outsourcing Special Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Anne S.; Bishop, Anna M.

    2009-01-01

    The Lower Pioneer Valley Educational Collaborative, organized in 1974, consists of seven school districts legally bound in a governance structure. Although the member districts are located in Hampden County, Massachusetts, the collaborative provides educational programs and services to school districts and municipalities throughout western…

  4. Dance and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munsell, Sonya E.; Bryant Davis, Kimberly E.

    2015-01-01

    Arts activities have been included in the educational curriculum of public schools for a number of years. Most often, course offerings in the arts consist of visual art, vocal music, and instrumental music classes. Although not as common, dance has also been included in the educational curriculum. Research and anecdotal evidence suggest that…

  5. The Law and Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yell, Mitchell L.

    This textbook provides information on the legal development of special education, the current legal requirements in providing a free appropriate public education to students with disabilities, and the procedures involved in obtaining legal information in law libraries and on the Internet. Specifically, the 16 chapters address: (1) sources of law…

  6. Cybernetics and Education (Special Issue)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopstein, Felix F., Ed.

    1977-01-01

    This is a special issue examining the potential of cybernetics in educational technology. Articles discuss: cybernetic methods, algorithms, feedback learning theory, a structural approach to behavioral objectives and criterion-referenced testing, task specifications and diagnosis, teacher-child interaction, educational development, teaching…

  7. Early Childhood Special Music Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, Alice-Ann

    2011-01-01

    The process of early intervention is a critical component of Early Childhood Special Music Education. Early intervention is the process of providing services, education, and support to young children who have disabilities or to children who are at-risk of developing needs that may affect their physical, cognitive, or emotional development. The…

  8. Special Section: Educating Elderly Caregivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Bernice A.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Four articles in this special section report on (1) Arizona curriculum for home-based caregivers of the elderly in rural communities (Epstein, Koenig); (2) educational programs for nursing home caregivers (Marsden); (3) extension programs for helping low-income elderly with money management (Koonce); and (4) energy education for the elderly…

  9. Addressing the Special Education Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amprey, Walter G.

    2005-01-01

    In the author's past work as a superintendent, and in his current capacity as an educational consultant, he has seen hundreds of dollars (per special education student) wasted in unnecessary costs and lost funding opportunities resulting from out-of-date, ineffective management systems. In addition to the fiscal implications, this imposes…

  10. Neuroscience, Education and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Usha

    2004-01-01

    The discipline of neuroscience draws from the fields of neurology, psychology, physiology and biology, but is best understood in the wider world as brain science. Of particular interest for education is the development of techniques for imaging the brain as it performs different cognitive functions. Cognitive neuroimaging has already led to…

  11. Neuroscience, Education and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Usha

    2004-01-01

    The discipline of neuroscience draws from the fields of neurology, psychology, physiology and biology, but is best understood in the wider world as brain science. Of particular interest for education is the development of techniques for imaging the brain as it performs different cognitive functions. Cognitive neuroimaging has already led to…

  12. Special Education in Indonesia (Scope and Development).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semiawan, Conny

    The paper covers characteristics of Indonesia's special education program. Considered are the scope of special education, some viewpoints on the impact of culture on the perspective of special education in Indonesia (including programs, services, teacher training, and financial resources). The scope of special education is considered; and some…

  13. Special Education in Indonesia (Scope and Development).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semiawan, Conny

    The paper covers characteristics of Indonesia's special education program. Considered are the scope of special education, some viewpoints on the impact of culture on the perspective of special education in Indonesia (including programs, services, teacher training, and financial resources). The scope of special education is considered; and some…

  14. 75 FR 55786 - Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department... Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC). Currently, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP...

  15. Special Education and Vocational Education Compatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, Myrtle E.; Kallman, James R.

    1977-01-01

    The differences in the developmental philosophies of vocational education personnel and special education personnel, and the effects of these differences on students, are discussed. The need to examine specific job skills, to work with groups and modify group-developed materials, and to look at individual students prescriptively are discussed.…

  16. Operant Conditioning for Special Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T.

    The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…

  17. Special Education Professional Development Needs in Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitiyo, Morgan; Hughes, Elizabeth M.; Changara, Darlington M.; Chitiyo, George; Montgomery, Kristen M.

    2017-01-01

    Since 1980 when Zimbabwe obtained political independence, special education has not received the same priority as the entire education system. One of the manifestations of this discrepancy is the shortage of qualified special education teachers in the country. In order to address this trend and promote the development of special education,…

  18. Neurodiversity: The Future of Special Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    The way special education is carried out in U.S. schools must change. Special education has become weighed down by its emphasis on deficits and disorders: As regular education has opened to new ways of thinking about brain neuroplasticity, growth mindsets, and other innovations, special education has held fast to its diagnostic categories,…

  19. Special Education Professional Development Needs in Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitiyo, Morgan; Hughes, Elizabeth M.; Changara, Darlington M.; Chitiyo, George; Montgomery, Kristen M.

    2017-01-01

    Since 1980 when Zimbabwe obtained political independence, special education has not received the same priority as the entire education system. One of the manifestations of this discrepancy is the shortage of qualified special education teachers in the country. In order to address this trend and promote the development of special education,…

  20. Reducing the Special Education Teacher Shortage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Bill; Peltier, Gary; Medina, Ricky

    2007-01-01

    New demands and high attrition levels of special education teachers have created a crisis for education and extensive additional stress for special education directors and principals. The critical shortage of highly qualified special education teachers has significantly increased the pressure to hire and retain them. This article discusses factors…

  1. Stealth voluntarism: an expectation of health professional work in underserviced areas?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanlon, Neil; Halseth, Greg; Ostry, Alec

    2011-01-01

    Voluntarism can take many forms, and its boundaries are not always straightforward. In this paper, we explore a particular type of voluntary activities carried out as an add-on to formal duties of health care professionals and administrators. We outline some impressions of what we term 'stealth voluntarism', which we situate at the interstices of health care professionalism, place integration, and welfare retrenchment. Our discussion draws on exploratory research looking at health care and social support in smaller urban centres in the interior of British Columbia, Canada. While stealth voluntarism can occur anywhere, we highlight its unique implications for systems of support in rural and small town places. We conclude by considering the wider implications of stealth voluntarism as an expectation of professional work in underserviced areas, particularly in the context of welfare retrenchment and the offloading of care.

  2. Special Education as a Social Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilly, M. Stephen; Smith, Paula

    1980-01-01

    Social movements are defined, the extent to which special education fits common definitions of social movements is assessed, and the life cycle of social movements is examined with particular focus on implications for special education. (Author)

  3. 76 FR 11765 - Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Institute of Education Sciences; Overview Information; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs; Notice Inviting Applications... support education research and special education research. The Director takes this action under the...

  4. Special Educational Needs: a new educational challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Caldari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Explain and recognize the Special Educational Needs means to realize the various difficulties, large and small, for knowing how to respond in an appropriate manner. Today this expression meant, not only the elements capable of responding to the needs of people with a disability, because, in reality, each of us have the needs. These needs relate to the person with all his "personal background of life and existence", that represent a lifestyle, habits, adaptability, styles, character styles, attributive, and so on. These educational needs, in addition to those mentioned above, should receive special responses by education professionals, implementing interventions "custom-made" of their difficult situation and factors that originate and / or maintain.

  5. Reading Intervention and Special Education Referrals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polcyn, Dawn M.; Levine-Donnerstein, Deborah; Perfect, Michelle M.; Obrzut, John E.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined whether consistently implementing reading fluency interventions prior to referring students for a special education evaluation led to fewer overall special education referrals, as well as more accurate special education referrals. Results indicated that the implementation of a peer-mediated reading fluency intervention…

  6. Special Education in Mexico: One Community's Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Terry L.; Contreras, Diana; Brown, Randel

    2002-01-01

    This article looks at the history of special education in Mexico, discusses the emergence of special education programs, and examines a school for special education in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas. The school provides vocational training for students with a variety of disabilities and has a partnership with the local maquiladora industry. (Contains 5…

  7. The Pedagogic Signature of Special Needs Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiß, Sabine; Kollmannsberger, Markus; Lerche, Thomas; Oubaid, Viktor; Kiel, Ewald

    2014-01-01

    The goal of the following study is to identify a pedagogic signature, according to LS Shulman, for working with students who have special educational needs. Special educational needs are defined as significant limitations in personal development and learning which require particular educational measures beyond regular education. The development of…

  8. Special Education "Preparation Gap": Perceptions of the Western Region Special Education Advisers Concerning Pennsylvania's Special Education Competencies for School Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conner, Matthew Richard

    2012-01-01

    This study determines the strengths and weaknesses of the Special Education Competencies for School Leaders framework as adopted by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The perspectives of Special Education Advisers (individuals with significant experience in serving students with disabilities) are gathered through semi-structured interviews.…

  9. Special Education and General Education--Coordinated or Separated? A Study of Curriculum Planning for Pupils with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, Sven

    2017-01-01

    The central issue of this article is the coordination between special and general education in curriculum planning for pupils with special educational needs. The focus is on individual education plans (IEPs) in special education and work plans in general education. This is also viewed in relation to how special and general education teachers…

  10. Principals' and Special Education Teachers' Perceptions of Special Education Teachers' Roles and Responsibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mott, Japhia

    2013-01-01

    This explanatory mixed methods study focuses on the perceptions of principals and special education teachers about special education teachers' roles and responsibilities. An online survey was conducted with 11 principals and 41 special education teachers (Resource Specialists and Special Day Class teachers). Independent semi-structured interviews…

  11. Voluntarism as a Mediator of the Experience of Growing Old in Evolving Rural Spaces and Changing Rural Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Alun E.; Skinner, Mark W.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines voluntarism as a response to the challenges faced by people growing old in rural communities that are themselves being transformed in fundamental ways, both socially and demographically. Informed by evolving theorisations within the rural aging and geographies of voluntarism literatures, we outline the key processes in space…

  12. Educational Criticism as a New Specialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardo, Zeus

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that a new specialization in education has been developing: educational criticism. It takes as its model the existing fields of criticism found in other disciplines, mainly in literature, or literary criticism. The article outlines the central features of educational criticism as a new specialization, guided by a program of…

  13. Preparing Urban Special Education Leaders: What Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Suzanne M.; Little, Joyce; Miller, Katie; Gourwitz, Jillian

    2014-01-01

    Special education administrators play a critical role in the implementation of successful inclusion in diverse, standards-based environments. They provide the vision and leadership necessary to guide educators in both general and special education as they deliver instructional programs to meet the needs of diverse students with disabilities.…

  14. Educational Criticism as a New Specialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardo, Zeus

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that a new specialization in education has been developing: educational criticism. It takes as its model the existing fields of criticism found in other disciplines, mainly in literature, or literary criticism. The article outlines the central features of educational criticism as a new specialization, guided by a program of…

  15. 75 FR 55785 - Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department... Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) funds NCEO to address national, State, and local assessment...

  16. Prospective Special Education Teachers' Metaphorical Perceptions on the Concept of Special Education Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deniz, Levent

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to define the perceptions of prospective special education teachers regarding special education teacher through metaphors. Phenomenology design was used in this research. The study group comprised 116 third year prospective special education teachers studying at Marmara University, Ataturk Faculty of Education, Special…

  17. USING QUALITATIVE APPROACH IN SPECIAL EDUCATION RESEARCH

    OpenAIRE

    Natasa GALEVSKA

    1998-01-01

    The text deals with some methodological problems in special education research. The limits of purely positivistic, quantitative, experimental research in the area of special education lately are overcome with the use of qualitative approach. Qualitative research are flexibly designed. The data are descriptive and collected in natural setting. Characteristics of the qualitative research make them more appropriate for investigation of the phenomena in special education, considering the small nu...

  18. Special Education through Neighbourhood Centers in Algeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucebci, Mahfoud

    1981-01-01

    The article provides a survey of special education needs in Algeria with emphasis on the role of neighborhood centers which involve parents in the education of mentally handicapped children. Journal availability: see EC 133 861. (DB)

  19. Job Design for Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Major, Amanda E.

    2012-01-01

    Special education teachers, especially those that teach students with behavioral/emotional challenges, have high attrition rates stemming from stress, job dissatisfaction, and low motivation. The external factors in the school setting and job contribute to special education teachers' attrition and disengagement. A relationship between motivation…

  20. Special Education Finance in California. Technical Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Laura; Warren, Paul; Murphy, Patrick; Ugo, Iwunze; Pathak, Aditi

    2016-01-01

    This document presents the technical appendices that accompany the full report, "Special Education Finance in California." The appendices include: (1) Problems with AB 602 and Other State Funding Programs for Special Education; (2) Additional Figures for Analysis of Distribution of Students with Disabilities; (3) Using Supplemental and…

  1. Documenting the Experiences of Special Education Advocates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Meghan M.; Goldman, Samantha E.

    2017-01-01

    Many parents struggle to advocate for their children with disabilities to obtain services at school. Subsequently, parents may turn to special education advocates to help ensure that their children receive appropriate services. However, it is unclear how special education advocates support families and secure services for children with…

  2. Special Education in Arab Countries: Current Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadidi, Muna S.; Al Khateeb, Jamal M.

    2015-01-01

    Arab countries have undertaken various measures to develop special education programmes and services over the last three decades; nevertheless, major challenges remain regarding the expansion of these programmes and services and improving their quality. "This article provides an update on disability and special education in Arab…

  3. Special education and later academic achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, Jennifer; Huntington, Noelle; Molino, Janine; Barbaresi, William

    2013-02-01

    To determine whether grade at entry to special education is associated with improved reading achievement in children with reading disorders (RD) and whether the effect of grade at entry to special education differs by socioeconomic status (SES). The authors conducted a secondary data analysis using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), a nationally representative cohort of children followed longitudinally from kindergarten through eighth grade (1998-2007). Using data from the fifth grade wave of ECLS-K, the authors identified children with RD (n = 290). The outcome of interest was change in score on the reading achievement test, which was developed by ECLS-K staff, between first and fifth grade. Using multiple linear regression, the authors modeled outcome as a function of a child's grade at entry to special education, controlling for several covariates. Early entry to special education (by first grade vs second or third grade) was associated with larger gains in reading achievement between first and fifth grade (p special education by first grade versus second grade gained 4.5 more points on the reading achievement test (p special education by first grade versus third grade gained 1.7 more points on the reading achievement test (p special education between children from families of low and higher SES. For children with RD, early entry to special education is associated with improved reading achievement during elementary school.

  4. Professional Standards for Australian Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dempsey, Ian; Dally, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    Although professional standards for Australian teachers were developed several years ago, this country is yet to develop such standards for special education teachers. The lack of standards for the special education profession is associated with the absence of a consistent process of accreditation in Australia and a lack of clarity in the pathways…

  5. Female Special Education Directors: Doubly Marginalized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefe, Charlotte Hendrick; Parmley, Pamela

    2003-01-01

    A qualitative study of five Texas female special education directors found that although participants achieved an administrative position, they were marginalized due to their leadership style, gender discrimination, and socialization. Participants also indicated a negative connection between being in special education administration and top-level…

  6. Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment Study Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D.D.; Tyler, N.; Montrosse, B.E.; Young, C.; Robb, S.M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the highlights of the Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment Study (SEFNA). Actions taken after the release of The 2001 Faculty Shortage Study demonstrate that supply-and-demand imbalances can be improved. The projected shortage of special education faculty will directly and negatively affect students with disabilities and…

  7. What Unites Us All: Establishing Special Education Teacher Education Universals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Sharon M.; Dukes, Charles; Hall, Kalynn

    2016-01-01

    The theoretical base that supports human universals served as a model for proposing special education teacher education universals. The human universals model is explained and put forth as a basis for identifying special education teacher education universals. Twenty-four English language journals from different countries representing four…

  8. What Unites Us All: Establishing Special Education Teacher Education Universals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Sharon M.; Dukes, Charles; Hall, Kalynn

    2016-01-01

    The theoretical base that supports human universals served as a model for proposing special education teacher education universals. The human universals model is explained and put forth as a basis for identifying special education teacher education universals. Twenty-four English language journals from different countries representing four…

  9. 77 FR 13297 - Applications for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... Applications for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs AGENCY: Institute of Education Sciences. ACTION: Notice. Overview Information: Education Research and Special Education... Institute's FY 2013 competitions for grants to support ] education research and special education research...

  10. Inclusive Special Education: Development of a New Theory for the Education of Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornby, Garry

    2015-01-01

    Inclusive education and special education are based on different philosophies and provide alternative views of education for children with special educational needs and disabilities. They are increasingly regarded as diametrically opposed in their approaches. This article presents a theory of "inclusive special education" that comprises…

  11. Inclusive Special Education: Development of a New Theory for the Education of Children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornby, Garry

    2015-01-01

    Inclusive education and special education are based on different philosophies and provide alternative views of education for children with special educational needs and disabilities. They are increasingly regarded as diametrically opposed in their approaches. This article presents a theory of "inclusive special education" that comprises…

  12. 75 FR 47801 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Special...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Special Demonstration.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01...

  13. Special Education Administrative Policies Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Scottie

    Intended for use by state and local education agencies in the development of written policy consistent with recent federal legislation on the education of handicapped children, the manual offers recommended policy statements in the areas of right to education, population, identification, evaluations, placement, service delivery, facilities and…

  14. 75 FR 5771 - Institute of Education Sciences; Overview Information; Education Research and Special Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... Institute of Education Sciences; Overview Information; Education Research and Special Education Research...'s FY 2011 competitions for grants to support education research and special education research. The... evaluation of State and local education programs and policies. The National Center for Special Education...

  15. Geologic Hazards Meet the Special Education Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, D. E.; Haddad, A.; Turner, M.

    2011-12-01

    Mainstream classrooms have difficulty accommodating students with special learning needs and helping them achieve state-mandated standards in reading, writing, math, and science. These students are subsequently grouped into special education classrooms where they receive specialized instruction. Few lesson plans and teaching activities exist to help special education teachers guide their students toward meeting the state-mandated academic standards. This is especially true for science curricula. The goal of this project is to develop a set of science-themed lesson plans for special education students using geologic hazards as a prototype theme. The dynamic nature of geologic hazards provides an excellent opportunity to stimulate the natural curiosity students have about the world around them. We designed and implemented lesson plans for elementary-level students with learning and cognitive disabilities revolving around earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, etc. The lesson plans used tactile and interactive learning activities to teach Earth science and science inquiry concepts outlined in the Arizona Department of Education curriculum standards. All lesson plans were administered by a special education teacher to a class of 8-10 students over the course of three weeks. Student responses were coded semi-quantitatively to assess the effectiveness of the lesson plans. Pre- and post-assessments of each student's state of knowledge showed increased retention of geologic concepts after implementing our new lesson plans. This project demonstrated that real-world science concepts like natural hazards are both engaging to special education students and effective in meeting otherwise elusive state-mandated science curricula. Future efforts will concentrate on making effective, prepackaged lesson plans available to special education teachers on a grab-and-go basis.

  16. 34 CFR 300.18 - Highly qualified special education teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... evaluation (HOUSSE) covering multiple subjects; or (3) In the case of a new special education teacher who... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Highly qualified special education teachers. 300.18... special education teachers. (a) Requirements for special education teachers teaching core...

  17. Special Education in Multicultural Contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winzer, Margret A.; Mazurek, Kasper

    This book examines the impact of cultural and linguistic diversity on the learning of children with disabilities and giftedness, and explores multicultural education and the ways that multicultural perspectives can be taught to children with disabilities. Five major sections discuss: the foundations of multicultural education, multicultural…

  18. Modern Settlements in Special Needs Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ratner, Helene Gad

    2016-01-01

    In the history of special needs education, the distinction between human nature and its social environment has been a controversial matter. The controversy regards whether special needs are primarily caused by the child's psycho-medical body or by cultural concepts of normality and deviance....... With intelligence testing, special needs education was to service children whose needs were seen as part of their human nature. Inclusion, in turn, assumes special needs to be stigmatizing cultural labels that need to be abandoned by changing school cultures. Drawing on actor-network theory we can approach....... Settlements of this controversy govern whether the pupil or the educational institution becomes the main point of intervention. In Denmark, the particularities of settlements can be identified by juxtaposing the introduction of intelligence testing in the 1930s with the contemporary policy agenda of inclusion...

  19. Special Education Paraprofessionals in District Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, Craig; Howley, Aimee; Telfer, Deborah

    2017-01-01

    This survey research investigated the experience of Ohio districts using paraprofessionals assigned to special education students. This study provides a unique statewide description of district experience. Based on themes from the literature and preliminary conversations with educational practitioners in Ohio, the survey conceptualized district…

  20. Special Education in India at the Crossroads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thirumurthy, Vidya; Jayaraman, Brinda

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors first discuss the multi-tiered Indian education system. Then, they examine the challenges for special education in India, including: (1) the issues surrounding appropriate assessment in a multilingual country, which is enhanced by marked differences in children's socioeconomic status; (2) social stigma of disabilities…

  1. Readability of Special Education Procedural Safeguards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandic, Carmen Gomez; Rudd, Rima; Hehir, Thomas; Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on literacy-related barriers to understanding the rights of students with disabilities and their parents within the special education system. SMOG readability scores were determined for procedural safeguards documents issued by all state departments of education. The average reading grade level was 16; 6% scored in the high…

  2. TEACHER EDUCATION FOR DISTANCE LEARNING BASED SPECIAL EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanzila NABEEL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Special education is a mode of education in which specially designed instruction material and environment is required to meet the diverse requirements of children with special needs. In Pakistan, Open University (AIOU exclusively initiated a program for teacher preparation for Special Children through distance learning. This was a unique program of its kind with no precedence of defined services for Special Teachers’ Preparation. Dept of Special Education AIOU - through Distance learning system, offers study/training at graduate, masters and Ph. D. levels. Teachers are prepared in 6 specialized areas of Visual Impairment, Physical Disabilities, Hearing Impairment, Intellectual Disability, Learning Disability and Inclusive Education. The Open University has a well established regional network, outreach system providing educational counseling and guiding services to its students. University has 32 regional campuses with 86 part-time regional coordinating officers throughout the country for providing assistance to the Regional campuses. Over 900 study centers are established during the semester and are managed through the university’s regional campuses. Each student is assigned to a tutor who is a subject specialist. To maintain consistency of on and off campus observations, University faculty conducts reliability observations with adjunct Supervisors. Their professional growth impacts the quality of the teaching cadre. It was for the first time in the history of teacher training institutes of Pakistan that a teacher training program at Masters Level in the area of Special Education was offered through distance education. This paper gives the experiences, methodology and successes as outcome of the Distance- learning Special-Educator Program in Pakistan. Also highlighted is the Special Teacher Preparation Model through Distance Education System. Increased program completion rates support the fact that Open University faculty have become better

  3. Special Education Terminology Every Physical Education Teacher Should Know

    Science.gov (United States)

    Columna, Luis; Lieberman, Lauren J.; Lytle, Rebecca; Arndt, Katrina

    2014-01-01

    An initial step to demonstrate commitment and professional behaviors is to be knowledgeable in the terminology used by special education colleagues, and to share with them common terminology used in physical education settings. Adapted physical education (APE) and general physical education (GPE) teachers need to know terminology used by…

  4. Cultivating a Community of Effective Special Education Teachers: Local Special Education Administrators' Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettini, Elizabeth; Benedict, Amber; Thomas, Rachel; Kimerling, Jenna; Choi, Nari; McLeskey, James

    2017-01-01

    Evidence of the powerful impact teachers have on student achievement has led to an intensive focus on cultivating effective teachers, including special education teachers (SETs). Local special education administrators (LSEAs) share responsibility for cultivating effective SETs throughout their districts. However, the roles LSEAs play in this…

  5. The Advance of Special Education in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    BEFORE the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the special schools in the country consisted of only 42 schools for blind and deaf-mute people, most of which were run by the church or were privately owned. Starting from the 1950s, education for special needs people has been paid more and more attention in New China. In 1951, the Government of the Administrative Council of the Central Committee promulgated the "Decision

  6. Modern settlements in special needs education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ratner, Helene Gad

    2016-01-01

    . With intelligence testing, special needs education was to service children whose needs were seen as part of their human nature. Inclusion, in turn, assumes special needs to be stigmatizing cultural labels that need to be abandoned by changing school cultures. Drawing on actor-network theory we can approach....... Settlements of this controversy govern whether the pupil or the educational institution becomes the main point of intervention. In Denmark, the particularities of settlements can be identified by juxtaposing the introduction of intelligence testing in the 1930s with the contemporary policy agenda of inclusion...

  7. 75 FR 14582 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services-Special Demonstration Programs-Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services--Special Demonstration Programs--Model...) Served by State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Agencies AGENCY: Office of Special Education and... Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.235L. SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and...

  8. 75 FR 47798 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services-Special Demonstration Programs-Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services--Special Demonstration Programs--Model...) Served by State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Agencies AGENCY: Office of Special Education and... Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.235L. SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  9. Interpersonal Skills Development with Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Nina W.; And Others

    Investigated with 17 special education practicum students was the effectiveness of structured experiences designed to foster interpersonal skill development. Administered as pre- and post-tests were the Helping Relationship Inventory, the Personal Orientation Inventory, and the Firo-B. Following a group workshop, the Ss differed significantly from…

  10. Sharing Special Education Strategies in Rural Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamberger, Cynthia T.

    2014-01-01

    As a former special education teacher at the elementary, middle and high school levels, many unique and complex learning situations were encountered. The author, who was a junior faculty member on her initial trip to Kenya, experienced a very challenging, yet rewarding, learning opportunity with teachers gathered in a community located in rural…

  11. The Evolution of Special Education in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lay Wah; Low, Hui Min

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the evolution of special education in Malaysia across four chronological stages: before and during the early colonial period (before 1900), pre-independence (1900-1957), post-independence (1957-1990) and modern Malaysia (1990 to the present), through document analysis. By placing current issues and trends within a historical…

  12. Special Education Training and Preservice Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadadian, Azar; Chiang, Linda

    2007-01-01

    The role of general education teachers is becoming critical for students with special needs. The purpose of this study was to obtain the perceptions of preservice teachers in order to prepare them for inclusive classrooms. Participants included graduate and undergraduate students (n = 248) from two different universities. Results found experiences…

  13. Neuroscience and Special Education. inForum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Eve

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of how links are being developed between the rapidly expanding field of neuroscience and the practice of special education. The first part of the document introduces definitions and terminology, provides an overview of how findings from neuroscience are being applied to the field of…

  14. The Evolution of Special Education in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lay Wah; Low, Hui Min

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the evolution of special education in Malaysia across four chronological stages: before and during the early colonial period (before 1900), pre-independence (1900-1957), post-independence (1957-1990) and modern Malaysia (1990 to the present), through document analysis. By placing current issues and trends within a historical…

  15. Special Education Research; Napa County. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. John, Wesley V.; Young, Robert

    The final report provides information on a followup study of the post-school adjustment of former (1964-1975) special education secondary students in Napa Valley, California. A review of statistics (job related information, community contacts information, school information, and personal information) is presented for the following target groups:…

  16. Special Education Professionals' Perceptions toward Accessible Playgrounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton-Chapman, Tina L.; Schmidt, Eric L.

    2016-01-01

    The perceptions and beliefs of 303 special education professionals toward currently available playgrounds in their school or community were examined. Survey respondents (a) indicated that their students with a disability could not fully participate in their school or community's playground offerings, (b) discussed the need for a peer buddy program…

  17. Special Education Practica and Internship Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Dorothy R.

    The undergraduate special education teacher training program at the University of South Alabama is described. The program emphasizes practica placements in public schools and agencies serving exceptional children and youth. Practicum at the freshman level consists primarily of observation, with each year providing greater exposure. Student…

  18. Interpersonal Skills Development with Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Nina W.; And Others

    Investigated with 17 special education practicum students was the effectiveness of structured experiences designed to foster interpersonal skill development. Administered as pre- and post-tests were the Helping Relationship Inventory, the Personal Orientation Inventory, and the Firo-B. Following a group workshop, the Ss differed significantly from…

  19. Bibliography of Resources in Jewish Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, Barbara, Comp.

    The annotated bibliography of resources in Jewish special education includes references to 15 periodicals or pamphlets, a curriculum kit and a teacher manual for a course on the Sabbath, and three slide presentations, as well as three organizations and 10 individuals willing to provide further assistance or information. The periodicals and…

  20. Sharing Special Education Strategies in Rural Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamberger, Cynthia T.

    2014-01-01

    As a former special education teacher at the elementary, middle and high school levels, many unique and complex learning situations were encountered. The author, who was a junior faculty member on her initial trip to Kenya, experienced a very challenging, yet rewarding, learning opportunity with teachers gathered in a community located in rural…

  1. Special Educational Needs: A Contextualised Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupton, Ruth; Thrupp, Martin; Brown, Ceri

    2010-01-01

    The paper examines variations in the extent of special education needs (SEN) in different socio-economic contexts, drawing on data from 46 English primary schools. It examines the implications of variations in SEN for individual pupils and for school organisation and processes. It reviews funding allocations for SEN and what they mean for the…

  2. Structural Equation Modeling in Special Education Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Alan D.

    1995-01-01

    This article suggests the use of structural equation modeling in special education research, to analyze multivariate data from both nonexperimental and experimental research. It combines a structural model linking latent variables and a measurement model linking observed variables with latent variables. (Author/DB)

  3. Neuroscience and Special Education. inForum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Eve

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this document is to provide a brief overview of how links are being developed between the rapidly expanding field of neuroscience and the practice of special education. The first part of the document introduces definitions and terminology, provides an overview of how findings from neuroscience are being applied to the field of…

  4. Mentoring Early Career Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dempsey, Ian; Arthur-Kelly, Michael; Carty, Breda

    2009-01-01

    For some time, special education has been plagued by shortages of qualified teaching staff and by high turnover rates for these staff. While several factors--external, employment and personal--are largely responsible for this situation, the research demonstrates that the initial professional experiences of early career teachers are closely…

  5. Attrition and Retention among Special Education Paraprofessionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly D.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to obtain information about issues of turnover and retention among former and current special education paraprofessionals in one school district. Survey data and findings indicated ways to retain staff and reduce turnover. Information from this study was shared within the district and will be considered in creating…

  6. Preparing Special Education Higher Education Faculty: The Influences of Contemporary Education Issues and Policy Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    deBettencourt, Laurie U.; Hoover, John J.; Rude, Harvey A.; Taylor, Shanon S.

    2016-01-01

    There is a well-documented need for leadership personnel who are prepared at the doctoral level to fill special education faculty positions at institutions of higher education (IHEs) and train the next generation of teachers. The intersection of continued retirements of special education faculty, shortage of well-prepared special education faculty…

  7. Preparing Special Education Higher Education Faculty: The Influences of Contemporary Education Issues and Policy Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    deBettencourt, Laurie U.; Hoover, John J.; Rude, Harvey A.; Taylor, Shanon S.

    2016-01-01

    There is a well-documented need for leadership personnel who are prepared at the doctoral level to fill special education faculty positions at institutions of higher education (IHEs) and train the next generation of teachers. The intersection of continued retirements of special education faculty, shortage of well-prepared special education faculty…

  8. Attitudes of teachers education centers to special education inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª del Carmen PEGALAJAR PALOMINO

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to analyze the attitudes and perceptions towards inclusive education teacher that practices in special education centers in Andalusia. The paper has used a descriptive methodology, a total of 428 participating teachers and using data collection a semi structured questionnaire developed ad hoc. The results show how teachers of special education centers in Andalusia consider inclusive education as a pillar in education, while defining the mode of schooling in special education institutions as an educational response to students aimed at improving their quality of life and achieve greater personal independence and function in daily life activities. They also consider that the students enrolled in these schools has higher educational needs in the field of health, cognitive and social. It stands out even the existence of statistically significant differences in attitudes and perceptions of teachers as they have developed or no practical training related to the field of inclusive education during their initial training, being more favorable in the case of those without such training. Thus, we want to know the perceptions of these teachers on inclusive education to establish proposals for improvement in teacher education that lead to the development of a process of quality teaching and learning for pupils with severe and permanent disabilities.

  9. Phenomenological Study of Special Education Teachers Using an Emergency License

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alborn-Yilek, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The shortage of special education teachers is critical. One means used to increase the supply of available teachers is to issue an emergency license to teachers not fully certified in special education. This is a phenomenological study of four general education teachers practicing special education using an emergency license. Their experience is…

  10. Special Education Teacher Preparation in Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chitiyo, Morgan; Odongo, George; Itimu-Phiri, Ambumulire; Muwana, Florence; Lipemba, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Researchers have repeatedly identified special education teacher shortage as one of the factors that have stymied the development of special education in many African countries. Highly qualified special education teachers are an integral part of successful national educational systems. In order to ensure an optimum supply of qualified special…

  11. Special Education Teacher Preparation in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Clayton; Al-Hendawi, Maha; Abuelhassan, Hadeel

    2016-01-01

    The provision of special education for students with disabilities depends upon the availability of well-qualified special educators, which, in turn, depends upon the availability and characteristics of preparation programs. In countries of the world where special education systems are still developing the capacity to provide the education that…

  12. Modelling Inclusive Special Needs Education: Insights from Dutch Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Bij, T.; Geijsel, F. P.; Garst, G. J. A.; Ten Dam, G. T. M.

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive special needs education is prominent on the international education agenda. Research on the characteristics of inclusive education for students with special needs and schools providing this is scarce, however. Our aim in the present study was therefore to further theory-building with regard to inclusive special needs education. On the…

  13. Changing Roles of Special Education Administrators: Impact on Multicultural Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakken, Jeffrey P.; O'Brian, Mary; Shelden, Debra L.

    2006-01-01

    It is imperative for special education administrators, and all administrators, to adapt to the changing demographic and educational environments. The field of special education has changed dramatically in the last three decades, and administrators can and should be leaders of the continued evolution of special education. One useful organizing…

  14. The big book of special education resources

    CERN Document Server

    Giuliani, George

    2015-01-01

    There are abundant resource in the field of special education for professionals and parents of children with special needs. However, it can be a daunting task to navigate through this sea of organizations, Web sites, books, and other resources in order to find exactly what you need.Save time and take the guesswork out of your search for information and materials by turning to this definitive guide. Practical and easy to use, this ready-reference is borne out of extensive research and numerous interviews with parents and professionals to ensure selection of only the highest-caliber and most sou

  15. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Educational Needs: A Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornby, Garry

    2011-01-01

    This review essay examines "Special Educational Needs: A New Look" by Mary Warnock which was initially published as a "pamphlet" by the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain in 2005. In this new edition, the original publication is reprinted as the first chapter and Brahm Norwich contributes a chapter in which he responds to the issues…

  16. Examining the Intersection of Arts Education and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malley, Sharon M.; Silverstein, Lynne B.

    2014-01-01

    A variety of stakeholders work to ensure opportunities for students with disabilities to learn in and through the arts. Because they work in various disciplines in the fields of arts education and special education, these stakeholders lack opportunities to share resources and information. The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and its…

  17. WHO IS PLACED INTO SPECIAL EDUCATION?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibel, Jacob; Farkas, George; Morgan, Paul L.

    2015-01-01

    We use nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) to identify variables measured in the fall of 1998 (when the sample’s students were in kindergarten) that predict special education placement by the spring of 2004 (when those not retained were finishing fifth grade). Placement’s strongest kindergarten predictor is a student’s own level of academic achievement. Also important is the student’s frequency of classroom task engagement. There is a “frog-pond” contextual effect -- attending an elementary school with high levels of overall student academic ability and behavior increases a student’s likelihood of special education placement. This is the case even after statistically controlling for a wide range of individual-, family-, and school-level characteristics. Social class background displayed a weak or statistically non-significant relation with special education placement. However, girls are placed less frequently than boys. African American, Hispanic, and Asian students are placed less frequently than non-Hispanic whites. The under- or equal-placement rates for racial/ethnic minorities are partially explained by their concentration in high-minority schools. PMID:26005224

  18. Special Education Teachers' Experiences Supporting and Supervising Paraeducators: Implications for Special and General Education Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Sarah N.; Chapin, Shelley E.; Nolan, James F.

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increase in paraeducator supports, in large part because students with low incidence disabilities are being included more frequently in general education settings. As a result, special education teachers have been given additional supervisory responsibilities related to directing the work of paraeducators in…

  19. Special Education Teachers' Experiences Supporting and Supervising Paraeducators: Implications for Special and General Education Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Sarah N.; Chapin, Shelley E.; Nolan, James F.

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an increase in paraeducator supports, in large part because students with low incidence disabilities are being included more frequently in general education settings. As a result, special education teachers have been given additional supervisory responsibilities related to directing the work of paraeducators in…

  20. Special Education Reform Towards Inclusive Education: Blurring or Expanding Boundaries of Special and Regular Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Meng; Zhu, Xinhua

    2016-01-01

    China has developed a three-tier special education service delivery system consisting of an array of placement options of special schools, special classes and learning in regular classrooms (LRC) (with the LRC as the major initiative) to serve students with disabilities after 1980s responding to the international trend of inclusive education…

  1. Special Education Reform Towards Inclusive Education: Blurring or Expanding Boundaries of Special and Regular Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Meng; Zhu, Xinhua

    2016-01-01

    China has developed a three-tier special education service delivery system consisting of an array of placement options of special schools, special classes and learning in regular classrooms (LRC) (with the LRC as the major initiative) to serve students with disabilities after 1980s responding to the international trend of inclusive education…

  2. Education rights and the special needs child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Margaret A

    2002-10-01

    A child with a disability has a federally protected right to special education and related services when he or she needs them to benefit from education. The term "disability" is not limited to physical disability but rather includes mental disability, including mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance, autism, traumatic brain injury, specific learning disabilities, and other health impairments. A parent may request that a child be evaluated by the school district for special education and related services. The law sets forth specific guidelines for the evaluation, assessment, and eligibility determination. Unique to each child, the IEP is the written plan that documents the child's special education and related services. The initial IEP is developed at a meeting among parents, various school personnel, and others whom the parents may wish to invite. Parents are an integral part of the team and are involved in all decisions by the team. The IEP must be reviewed annually, with attention given to whether educational objectives have been met. For a child with mental health issues, the IEP likely contains "related services," such as counseling, and measurable goals to improve behaviors in the school setting. When a child's condition is such that he or she cannot benefit from education in the regular school setting, other placements are considered. The school district maintains the ultimate responsibility of the cost of all such education placements, including residential care. A child with behaviors that result in frequent suspensions should have a functional analysis assessment by the school psychologist. The results of the assessment can be used to create a behavioral intervention plan. (If the school refuses to perform an assessment or develop a plan, the usual remedy of a due process hearing is available to the parents.) This plan should address problem behaviors and include strategies for redirecting the child's behavior. Even if a special education child

  3. Special Education Teachers' Nature of Science Instructional Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Bridget K.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-01-01

    Special education teachers provide critical science instruction to students. However, little research investigates special education teacher beliefs and practices around science in general or the nature of science and inquiry in particular. This investigation is a cross-case analysis of four elementary special education teachers' initial…

  4. Special Education Teachers' Nature of Science Instructional Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Bridget K.; Chiu, Jennifer L.; Ghosh, Rajlakshmi; Bell, Randy L.

    2016-01-01

    Special education teachers provide critical science instruction to students. However, little research investigates special education teacher beliefs and practices around science in general or the nature of science and inquiry in particular. This investigation is a cross-case analysis of four elementary special education teachers' initial…

  5. Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers through Quality Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    The special education teaching environment is a teaching environment with unique duties that often challenge novice special education teachers. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain clarity of the work environment of special education teachers to uncover professional development practices that would work to support them. Research…

  6. Examining Secondary Special Education Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leko, Melinda M.; Handy, Tamara; Roberts, Carly A.

    2017-01-01

    This study presents findings from a survey of secondary special education teachers who teach reading. Respondents were 577 special education teachers from a large Midwestern state who completed an online or mail survey. Results based on quantitative and qualitative analyses indicate predominant foci of secondary special education teachers' reading…

  7. Quality of Work Life: Perceptions of Jordanian Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Zboon, Eman K.; Al_Dababneh, Khuloud A. H.; Ahmad, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the level of quality of work life QOWL of Jordanian special education teachers. Participants of the study were 133 special education teachers. Results showed that special education teachers cited average level of QOWL. Furthermore, teachers rated administrators' and colleagues' respect as the…

  8. New Perspectives in Special Education: Contemporary Philosophical Debates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This book should be read by everyone who wants to understand special education today. "New Perspectives in Special Education" opens the door to the fascinating and vitally important world of theory that informs contemporary special education. It examines theoretical and philosophical orientations such as "positivism", "poststructuralism" and…

  9. Virtues and Well-Being of Korean Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, So-Young; Lim, Young-Jin

    2016-01-01

    Although much emphasis has been paid to stress and burnout among special education teachers, little attention has been paid to their well-being. This study aimed to examine relations between virtues and well-being among Korean special education teachers. Virtues and well-being of 115 Korean special education teachers were assessed using the…

  10. Quality of Work Life: Perceptions of Jordanian Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Zboon, Eman K.; Al_Dababneh, Khuloud A. H.; Ahmad, Jamal

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the level of quality of work life QOWL of Jordanian special education teachers. Participants of the study were 133 special education teachers. Results showed that special education teachers cited average level of QOWL. Furthermore, teachers rated administrators' and colleagues' respect as the…

  11. Neither Confirmed nor Denied: Special School Provision in New Zealand's Special Education 2000 Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMenamin, Trish

    2014-01-01

    Special Education 2000 (SE2000), New Zealand's first official special education policy, declared the aim of achieving a "world class inclusive education system". It would seem that, by implication at least, the intention of the policy was to achieve full inclusion of all disabled children in mainstream educational settings and thus,…

  12. What Do Postgraduate Students Think about Special Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcan, Deniz; Gur, Pelin

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the opinions of students receiving postgraduate education in special education area about special education. 35 students receiving postgraduate education at Near East University participated in this research. 8 of these students were doctorate student, and 27 of them were master student. This research was…

  13. What Teacher Educators Should Know about Poverty and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, John P.; Gaudelli, William

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we examine some modern myths of poverty and special education. Mythology has been a staple of curriculum for many years, particularly in the early grades. Students study mythology to understand historical societies, unearthing cultural values and mores communicated through fables. Not so benign are myths related to poverty and…

  14. What Teacher Educators Should Know about Poverty and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, John P.; Gaudelli, William

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we examine some modern myths of poverty and special education. Mythology has been a staple of curriculum for many years, particularly in the early grades. Students study mythology to understand historical societies, unearthing cultural values and mores communicated through fables. Not so benign are myths related to poverty and…

  15. Educational Technology in Special Education. Didakometry No. 43.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magne, Olof

    With reference to data from a Swedish investigation into learning difficulties in mathematics, an analysis is presented of models and taxonomies applied to special education problems. The author suggests that such developmental cognitive theories as those of J. Bruner, J. Piaget, and R. Gagne are suitable as a starting point for a taxonomy in…

  16. Un repository semantico per la Special Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenza Benigno

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available La ricerca nella mole sconfinata di informazioni e risorse disponibili in rete rappresenta sicuramente un problema che oggi viene riconosciuto come sovraccarico informativo . Una possibile soluzione arriva dalle tecnologie di knowledge e dalla semantica. Nell’ambito del presente contributo verrà descritta la metodologia per lo sviluppo dello user modelling finalizzato a descrivere il profilo e il contesto di riferimento degli utenti nell’utilizzo di un repository semantico sviluppato per la Special Education, il Knowledge Hub (KH. In relazione al KH verranno descritte le principali funzionalità e le tipologie di risorse presenti.

  17. ICTs and Special Education in Kindergarten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Athanasios Drigas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent development in the role of special education in kindergarten children includes the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs. ICT nowadays is recognized as a tool that can foster the knowledge and the experiences for this crucial age and the support of specific areas in kindergarten according to the educational perspective and the areas of needs they serve is thought significant. In this paper we present a brief overview of the most representative studies of the last decade (2003-2013 which concentrates on the most frequent difficulties that children face in kindergarten and are supported by ICTs. The effectiveness of ICT in gifted and bilingual children is also presented.

  18. Final Commentary to the Cross-Disciplinary Thematic Special Series: Special Education and Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, John; Tzur, Ron

    2017-01-01

    Four studies into characteristics and instructional needs of students with learning disabilities are summarized in this article. These studies are also reviewed in the wider context of mathematics intervention research in special education. These studies generally rely on qualitative methodology, and they are best understood in light of a…

  19. Instructional Materials Thesaurus for Special Education, Second Edition. Special Education IMC/RMC Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldsen, Carl F.; And Others

    The thesaurus delineates the standard terminology used to index and retrieve instructional materials for exceptional children in the Special Education Instructional Materials Center/Regional Media Centers Network. The thesaurus is presented in three formats: an alphabetical listing (word by word rather than letter by letter), a rotated index, and…

  20. 78 FR 23920 - Application for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... Application for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs AGENCY: Institute... Research and Special Education Research Grants Notice inviting applications for new awards for fiscal year... Institute's FY 2014 competitions for grants to support education research and special education research...

  1. Special Educational Strategies for Nursing Staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelia Loukidou, Vassiliki Ioannidi, Athena Kalokerinou

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Acting emotionally has been the explicit target for many service professions. However, in the case of nursing, the concept of emotional labour remains implicit and elaborated only when the adverse effects of emotional labour have already occurred. Since nursing work involves the effective management of emotions, it is an imperative to openly incorporate “emotional labour” in the nursing curricula. The rationale that underlies such proposition is that by preparing students for the emotional aspects of their future work, we equip them with techniques that will minimise the exhausting effects of emotional labour, we define more accurately their roles and hence teach them how to provide better services. Though the focus of this paper is on nursing education and practice, the concepts that are addressed can be applied in many professions, including sports management. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate the importance of education for the preparation of students for the emotional aspects of nursing work and to propose a special educational framework that places the emphasis on the emotional/ social skills that nursing students shoulddevelop during training and which will help them in managing their emotions and hence limit the effects of emotional labour.

  2. The Place of Love in the Special Religious Education Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalwell, Kaye

    2016-01-01

    Special Religious Education is faith-based single tradition religious education taught in many Australian public schools by volunteer teachers who are adherents of the faith they are teaching. This paper derives from a qualitative study of the pedagogy of Christian Special Religious Education teachers that took place between 2010 and 2014. Love is…

  3. Refueling the STEM and Special Education Teacher Pipelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldhaber, Dan; Krieg, John; Theobald, Roddy; Brown, Nate

    2016-01-01

    Improving the quality of the teacher workforce is high on the nation's education policy agenda, but school systems continue to face difficulties in staffing STEM and special education classrooms with qualified teachers. This article documents the mismatch between the supply and demand of STEM and special education teachers in Washington State,…

  4. Collaboration between General and Special Education Teachers in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairuddin, Khairul Farhah; Dally, Kerry; Foggett, Judith

    2016-01-01

    Collaboration between general and special education teachers is a necessary component for the successful inclusion of students with a disability in regular schools, but little is known about how well this is working in countries where inclusive education is a recent initiative. This paper reports on the perceptions of special education teachers in…

  5. Collaboration between General and Special Education Teachers in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairuddin, Khairul Farhah; Dally, Kerry; Foggett, Judith

    2016-01-01

    Collaboration between general and special education teachers is a necessary component for the successful inclusion of students with a disability in regular schools, but little is known about how well this is working in countries where inclusive education is a recent initiative. This paper reports on the perceptions of special education teachers in…

  6. Divorce and Special Education in Minnesota. PHP-c104

    Science.gov (United States)

    PACER Center, 2004

    2004-01-01

    When parents divorce, they sometimes have questions about which parent has rights in special education. The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Minnesota state special education laws and regulations clearly describe parental rights and the school district's duty to meet them. Most rights are unchanged by divorce. The…

  7. Engaging Students Regarding Special Needs in Technology and Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, David W.

    2015-01-01

    In 1984, James Buffer and Michael Scott produced the book "Special Needs Guide for Technology Education" (Buffer and Scott, 1984). This was a pivotal offering insofar as it set the stage for technology education educators, at the time, to think about and be provided with information regarding students with special needs in their…

  8. Modelling inclusive special needs education : Insights from Dutch secondary schools

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Bij, T.; Geijsel, F.P.; Garst, G.J.A.; ten Dam, G.T.M.

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive special needs education is prominent on the international education agenda. Research on the characteristics of inclusive education for students with special needs and schools providing this is scarce, however. Our aim in the present study was therefore to further theory-building with regar

  9. Teachers' Perceptions of Greek Special Education Policies and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Kevin J.; Morfidi, Eleni; Soulis, Spyros

    2013-01-01

    Special education teachers and related service providers were interviewed for their perspectives on Greek special education policies and practices and how these influenced their job preparation and duties. Specifically, they were asked about the impact of the following on their jobs: Greek law related to the education of students with…

  10. State Certification Requirements for Early Childhood Special Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stayton, Vicki D.; Dietrich, Sylvia L.; Smith, Barbara J.; Bruder, Mary Beth; Mogro-Wilson, Cristina; Swigart, Ashley

    2009-01-01

    The Office of Special Education Programs funded Center to Inform Personnel Preparation Policy and Practice in Early Intervention and Preschool Education conducted a study to obtain current information about state certification requirements for early childhood special educators who work with preschool children with developmental delays and…

  11. Divorce and Special Education in Minnesota. PHP-c104

    Science.gov (United States)

    PACER Center, 2004

    2004-01-01

    When parents divorce, they sometimes have questions about which parent has rights in special education. The federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Minnesota state special education laws and regulations clearly describe parental rights and the school district's duty to meet them. Most rights are unchanged by divorce. The…

  12. Inclusion of students with special education needs in physical education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Kudláček

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present phenomena of inclusive physical education from the point of view of needs of students with SEN, teachers from the point of view of support and university PE teacher preparation programs (PETE.Inclusion of students with special educational needs (SEN in physical education is in Czech Republic still marginal topic, although issues related to inclusive physical education are among key challenges of students with SEN, their teachers, parents and university departments preparing prospective teachers. In the area of support in inclusive PE we present the model of support in inclusive PE (Sherrill, 2004; Kudláček & Ješina, 2008 and in the area of PETE we present of key outcomes of project EIPET (Theoretical knowledge, competence and skills framework.

  13. Special Teaching for Special Children? Pedagogies for Inclusion. Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Ann, Ed.; Norwich, Brahm, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Some special needs groups (for example dyslexia) have argued strongly for the need for particular specialist approaches. In contrast, many proponents of inclusion have argued that "good teaching is good teaching for all" and that all children benefit from similar approaches. Both positions fail to scrutinise this issue rigorously and coherently,…

  14. A Comparative Study of Administrator and Special Education Teacher Perceptions of Special Education Teacher Attrition and Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheldrake, Danielle Angelina

    2013-01-01

    This mixed methods study identifies perceived causes of and solutions to the attrition of special education teachers. Researchers have documented that special education teaching positions encounter higher attrition rates than their general education peers (Katsiyannis, Zhang, & Conroy in Olivarez & Arnold, 2006; Mitchell & Arnold,…

  15. Instructional Challenges: Understanding the Needs of Novice Special Education Teachers. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Administrators [AII-04

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Novice special education teachers struggle with many of the same pedagogical challenges as their general education counterparts. They often need help learning the curriculum, acquiring and adapting necessary materials, and addressing challenging student behavior. A complicating factor is that novice special education teachers typically have…

  16. Emerging from the tragedies in Bangladesh: a challenge to voluntarism in the global economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claeson, Björn Skorpen

    2015-02-01

    Under the regime of private company or multi-stakeholder voluntary codes of conduct and industry social auditing, workers have absorbed low wages and unsafe and abusive conditions; labor leaders and union members have become the targets of both government and factory harassment and violence; and trade union power has waned. Nowhere have these private systems of codes and audits so clearly failed to protect workers as in Bangladesh's apparel industry. However, international labor groups and Bangladeshi unions have succeeded in mounting a challenge to voluntarism in the global economy, persuading more than 180 companies to make a binding and enforceable commitment to workers' safety in an agreement with 12 unions. The extent to which this Bangladesh Accord will be able to influence the entrenched global regime of voluntary codes and weak trade unions remains an open question. But if the Accord can make progress in Bangladesh, it can help to inspire similar efforts in other countries and in other industries.

  17. A Role for Music Therapy in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daveson, Barbara; Edwards, Jane

    1998-01-01

    Reviews the literature on the role and application of music therapy in special education in an Australian context. Notes that music therapy in Australia is practiced in medical contexts, education contexts, and in private practice and community programs. (DB)

  18. Teaching English Language to Children with Special Educational Needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Nicoleta Padurean

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to determine the most appropriate methods and techniques used for Teaching English to children with special educational needs and to determine whether they should take the courses in foreign languages in mainstream education or with a supporting teacher. The study is based on a questionnaire applied to teachers of English and on questionnaires answered by children with special educational needs and children without learning difficulties. The theoretical part covers suggestions for teaching English to children with special educational needs and the practical part is a comparison between the answers provided by the interviewed teachers and students. The findings conclude that teachers are able to teach regular children simultaneously with mainstream children, though these are reluctant regarding the education of children with special educational needs in mainstream education.

  19. Quality Special Education Programs: The Role of Transformational Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, Demi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between principals who demonstrate transformational leadership traits and six different quality practices in their special education program. Effective principals must know and understand special education laws, practices, and current issues, but evidence…

  20. Quality Special Education Programs: The Role of Transformational Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, Demi

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to determine whether or not a relationship existed between principals who demonstrate transformational leadership traits and six different quality practices in their special education program. Effective principals must know and understand special education laws, practices, and current issues, but evidence…

  1. Burnout among Special Education Administrators: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    Research on the extent of stress and burnout among special education administrators is not as well developed as research on the extent of stress and burnout among teachers. This study utilized the Maslach Burnout Inventory to determine levels of stress and burnout among administrators of special education. Results indicated administrators of…

  2. Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

    2002-01-01

    This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

  3. Principals' Perceptions of Needs in Hispanic Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Maria B.; Guerra, Federico, Jr.

    2017-01-01

    This mixed methods study used a survey by Frost and Kersten to answer the following questions: (a) Do principals of predominantly Hispanic schools perceive themselves as having adequate knowledge in special education? (b) Which areas are these principals most involved in with special education teachers? (c) What suggestions do these principals…

  4. Special Education of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, Svetlana; Lange, Shannon; Burd, Larry; Nam, Seungree; Rehm, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    The current study aimed to estimate the cost associated with special education among children (5 to 14 years) with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in elementary and middle school by sex, age group, and province and territory in Canada. It was estimated that there were 6,520 students with FASD receiving special education in Canada in…

  5. Principals' Perceptions of Their Knowledge in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Maria Banda; Guerra, Federico R., Jr.

    2017-01-01

    With the "Every Student Succeeds Act" continuing to legislate accountability for special education and Hispanic students, the appropriate content in principal preparation programs relevant to successful leadership of special education programs is vital. This mixed methods study analyzed the survey responses of 84 principals in South…

  6. Masters of Weaving: The Complex Role of Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillel Lavian, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    Special education teachers work under more difficult, more intense, and more demanding conditions than mainstream teachers. Relations between teachers, pupils, and parents are more complex than in mainstream education due to the intensity, intimacy, vulnerability, and commitment involved. Teachers require special skills so they can practice…

  7. Moving toward Standards-Based Alternative Certification in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, Sue; Burstein, Nancy; Ashton, Tamarah; Murawski, Wendy

    2009-01-01

    Alternative programs in special education are often developed in response to chronic personnel shortages. At issue, however, is the quality of alternative programs and their graduates. This paper describes the design, implementation and evaluation of a large special education alternative certification program that adheres to both professional…

  8. Closing Reflections: Public Policy, Advocacy, and Special Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jane E.; Shepherd, Katharine G.

    2016-01-01

    When the Higher Education Consortium for Special Education (HECSE) convened in January 2016 in Washington, we celebrated both IDEA's and HECSE's 40th anniversaries. As we reflected on those two anniversaries, the convictions that generated this special issue became increasingly evident: the irrevocable significance of the impact of public policy…

  9. Special Educators and Mathematics Phobia: An Initial Qualitative Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Michael; Hourcade, Jack J.

    2010-01-01

    Special educators are uniquely challenged to be content experts in all curricular areas, including mathematics, because students in their caseloads may require academic instruction in any area. However, special educators with math phobia may be limited in their ability to provide effective instruction to their students with mathematical deficits…

  10. Closing Reflections: Public Policy, Advocacy, and Special Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jane E.; Shepherd, Katharine G.

    2016-01-01

    When the Higher Education Consortium for Special Education (HECSE) convened in January 2016 in Washington, we celebrated both IDEA's and HECSE's 40th anniversaries. As we reflected on those two anniversaries, the convictions that generated this special issue became increasingly evident: the irrevocable significance of the impact of public policy…

  11. Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

    2002-01-01

    This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

  12. Review of the Literature on Children with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkahtani, Mohammed Ali

    2016-01-01

    This study outlines the literature relevant to the Cross-cultural issues and the politics of SEN and the different perspectives arising from the literature on this widely debated issue are addressed. In addition, the origin of the term "special educational needs" (SEN), its definitions and the types of special education needs are…

  13. Problems Faced by Preservice Special Education Teachers in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hiary, Ghaleb M.; Almakanin, Hisham A.; Tabbal, Suha A.

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the success of educating children with special needs is the quality of the special education teacher. While teachers are responsible for a plethora of duties, it is important that teacher preparation programs provide adequate training to ensure teachers are well prepared for the teaching profession. However,…

  14. Special Education of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, Svetlana; Lange, Shannon; Burd, Larry; Nam, Seungree; Rehm, Jürgen

    2016-01-01

    The current study aimed to estimate the cost associated with special education among children (5 to 14 years) with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in elementary and middle school by sex, age group, and province and territory in Canada. It was estimated that there were 6,520 students with FASD receiving special education in Canada in…

  15. Does Special Education Improve Preschoolers' Academic Skills? Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Amanda L.; Field, Samuel

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated associations between enrollment in preschool special education and school readiness skills for children with mild to moderate delays. Findings indicated that on average, children who received preschool special education services had lower scores in reading and math in kindergarten than similar children who did not receive…

  16. The Millennial Generation Special Education Teacher: Promise or Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrenberg, Rich

    2011-01-01

    Young Americans born between 1982 and 2002 (also known as members of the Millennial Generation) are now or soon will be beginning their careers in many professions, including special education. This article describes why Millennial Generation special education teachers are vital to the current and future development of the field. It also details…

  17. Building Successful Multicultural Special Education Programs through Innovative Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obiakor, Festus E.; Beachum, Floyd D.; Williams, Darrell; McCray, Carlos R.

    2006-01-01

    With increased debates over various aspects of special education, it has become apparent that multicultural leadership is needed to prepare school administrators and teachers to design effective special education programs. In this article, the authors discuss several aspects of administering successful programs for multicultural students. To be…

  18. Trainning of Special Education Teachers about Curriculum Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcan, Deniz; Uzunboylu, Huseyin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the needs of special education teachers about curriculum development, and to implement the constructivist approach to in-service training programme for special education teachers. Furthermore, this study seeks to evaluate the developed in-service training programme. The descriptive and experimental methods…

  19. Validating an Observation Protocol to Measure Special Education Teacher Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Evelyn S.; Semmelroth, Carrie L.

    2015-01-01

    This study used Kane's (2013) Interpretation/Use Argument (IUA) to measure validity on the Recognizing Effective Special Education Teachers (RESET) observation tool. The RESET observation tool is designed to evaluate special education teacher effectiveness using evidence-based instructional practices as the basis for evaluation. In alignment with…

  20. Rules Relaxed on Budget Cuts to Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2011-01-01

    The author reports on controversial new guidance issued by the federal government which will allow districts to make permanent cuts in special education spending. In the past, federal law was interpreted to mean that once a district set its special education budget, it could not be reduced permanently except for very specific reasons. The…

  1. The Use of Service-Learning among Special Education Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neeper, Lance S.; Dymond, Stacy K.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the use of service-learning (SL) by special education faculty at 4-year colleges and universities across the United States, and to determine faculty attitudes and beliefs about the application of SL in special education. Participants included faculty with experience in SL teaching and/or research in…

  2. The Impending Shortage of Special Education Faculty: A Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, D. D.; Young, C.; Montrosse, B.; Tyler, N. C.; Robb, S. M.

    2011-01-01

    This document highlights the major findings of a four-year study about the supply and demand of special education college and university faculty. The Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment (SEFNA) project concluded its data collection efforts in July of 2011. This national study continued the work of previous efforts that found the shortage of…

  3. Analysis of Special Education Tribunal Outcomes Using Luhmann's Systems Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeo, Angela; Underwood, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines Special Education Tribunals, in Ontario, Canada through a Luhmannian theoretical lens. At total of 58 Special Education Tribunal summary hearings were analyzed using the constant comparative method through NVivo software. The results revealed that these Tribunals appear to favour the assessment testimony of teachers and other…

  4. A Response to Kauffman's The Devaluation of Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostert, Mark P.

    2004-01-01

    Kauffman indicts the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education (PCESE) for sometimes implying the opposite of its stated aim of helping children in special education, including students with EBD, as he believes does the No Child Left Behind act (NCLB, 2002). This response addresses (a) two pivotal, but implied aspects the PCESE and…

  5. External Mentoring Support for Early Career Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dempsey, Ian; Christenson-Foggett, Judith

    2011-01-01

    The special education teaching profession has experienced longstanding problems with shortages of qualified teaching staff and with high turnover rates of these staff. A variety of issues are related to these problems, including the nature of the support that early career special education teachers receive. In this case study research, the use of…

  6. Special Education Programs for Youth with Disabilities in Juvenile Corrections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Peter E.; Meisel, Sheri M.; Drakeford, Will

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the overrepresentation of youth with disabilities in juvenile corrections, the role of education and literacy, and the different educational goals of short- and long-term programs. Outlines special education service delivery within the framework of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the challenges of implementing special…

  7. Special Needs Education and Inclusive Education : Where are the children with disabilities being taught?

    OpenAIRE

    池田, 浩明; Hiroaki, Ikeda; 藤女子大学人間生活学部保育学科

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the relationship between special needs education and inclusive education with regard to where children study. It is said that Special Needs Education is education for students in consideration of individual educational needs according to MEXT. In Japan, children with disabilities usually attend special schools separated from regular schools. However, it seems that the level of inclusive education in Japan is not so different from that in UK and in USA, ...

  8. The Training in Educational Assessment practices of Special Education Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier J. Maquilón Sánchez

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Admitting the importance of evaluation in the culture of quality, and especially in the field of education, 233 teachers have taken part in this research. They work to help children with especial educational needs, in Murcia (Spain.We asked them about their level of real execution of practical assessment of learning, teaching and programs, and the level of importance that they give to this evaluation. In this study we analyzed the differences found in variables as gender, type of the school (specific/ordinary, speciality (therapeutic pedagogy/audition and language, administrative situation (official/supply teacher and years of experience. In general, they gave more importance to evaluation than their real practice shows, and it concerned more the evaluation of learning and less that of teaching. The comparison between variables is allowed to make an x-ray about commitment to practical systematized assessment.

  9. Opportunities for Inclusion the Education of Learners with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities in Special Schools in Uganda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristensen, Kirsten; Omagor-Loican, Martin; Onen, Negris; Okot, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    The Government of Uganda aims to provide good quality education for all learners in inclusive schools. However, some learners who have severe disabilities, including those who are deaf, will, for some time, continue to receive their education in special schools. In this article, Kirsten Kristensen, consultant in inclusive and special needs…

  10. Special Education--Non-Special Education Achievement Gap in Math: Effects of Reporting Methods, Analytical Techniques, and Reclassification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurlow, Martha L.; Wu, Yi-Chen; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Ysseldyke, James E.

    2016-01-01

    Federal regulations indicate that the achievement gap must be closed between subgroups, including the gap between special education and non-special education students. We explored the ways in which achievement trends are influenced by three methods of reporting (cross-sectional, cohort-static, and cohort-dynamic). We also investigated (a) the ways…

  11. Special Education--Non-Special Education Achievement Gap in Math: Effects of Reporting Methods, Analytical Techniques, and Reclassification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurlow, Martha L.; Wu, Yi-Chen; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Ysseldyke, James E.

    2016-01-01

    Federal regulations indicate that the achievement gap must be closed between subgroups, including the gap between special education and non-special education students. We explored the ways in which achievement trends are influenced by three methods of reporting (cross-sectional, cohort-static, and cohort-dynamic). We also investigated (a) the ways…

  12. 77 FR 20802 - Applications for New Awards; Education Research and Special Education Research Grant Programs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... Families of Children with Disabilities 84.324B Special Education Research Training: Early Career July 19... and Early Learning in Special Education Reading, Writing, and Language Development Mathematics and... Development for Teachers and Related Services Providers Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems...

  13. Congenital Heart Defects and Receipt of Special Education Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany; Autry, Andrew; Razzaghi, Hilda; Boyle, Coleen A; Mahle, William T; Van Naarden Braun, Kim; Correa, Adolfo

    2015-09-01

    We investigated the prevalence of receipt of special education services among children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared with children without birth defects. Children born from 1982 to 2004 in metropolitan Atlanta with CHDs (n = 3744) were identified from a population-based birth defect surveillance program; children without birth defects (n = 860 715) were identified from birth certificates. Cohorts were linked to special education files for the 1992-2012 school years to identify special education services. Children with noncardiac defects or genetic syndromes were excluded; children with CHDs were classified by presence or absence of critical CHDs (ie, CHDs requiring intervention by age one year). We evaluated the prevalence of receipt of special education services and prevalence rate ratios using children without birth defects as a reference. Compared with children without birth defects, children with CHDs were 50% more likely to receive special education services overall (adjusted prevalence rate ratio [aPRR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-1.7). Specifically, they had higher prevalence of several special education categories including: intellectual disability (aPRR = 3.8; 95% CI: 2.8-5.1), sensory impairment (aPRR = 3.0; 95% CI: 1.8-5.0), other health impairment (aPRR = 2.8; 95% CI: 2.2-3.5), significant developmental delay (aPRR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3-2.8), and specific learning disability (aPRR = 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1-1.7). For most special education services, the excess prevalence did not vary by presence of critical CHDs. Children with CHDs received special education services more often than children without birth defects. These findings highlight the need for special education services and the importance of developmental screening for all children with CHDs. Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  14. Congenital Heart Defects and Receipt of Special Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riehle-Colarusso, Tiffany; Autry, Andrew; Razzaghi, Hilda; Boyle, Coleen A.; Mahle, William T.; Van Naarden Braun, Kim; Correa, Adolfo

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND We investigated the prevalence of receipt of special education services among children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) compared with children without birth defects. METHODS Children born from 1982 to 2004 in metropolitan Atlanta with CHDs (n = 3744) were identified from a population-based birth defect surveillance program; children without birth defects (n = 860 715) were identified from birth certificates. Cohorts were linked to special education files for the 1992–2012 school years to identify special education services. Children with noncardiac defects or genetic syndromes were excluded; children with CHDs were classified by presence or absence of critical CHDs (ie, CHDs requiring intervention by age one year). We evaluated the prevalence of receipt of special education services and prevalence rate ratios using children without birth defects as a reference. RESULTS Compared with children without birth defects, children with CHDs were 50% more likely to receive special education services overall (adjusted prevalence rate ratio [aPRR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4–1.7). Specifically, they had higher prevalence of several special education categories including: intellectual disability (aPRR = 3.8; 95% CI: 2.8–5.1), sensory impairment (aPRR = 3.0; 95% CI: 1.8–5.0), other health impairment (aPRR = 2.8; 95% CI: 2.2–3.5), significant developmental delay (aPRR = 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3–2.8), and specific learning disability (aPRR = 1.4; 95% CI: 1.1–1.7). For most special education services, the excess prevalence did not vary by presence of critical CHDs. CONCLUSIONS Children with CHDs received special education services more often than children without birth defects. These findings highlight the need for special education services and the importance of developmental screening for all children with CHDs. PMID:26283775

  15. Research in Special Education: Designs, Methods, and Applications. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rumrill, Phillip D., Jr.; Cook, Bryan G.; Wiley, Andrew L.

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this second edition is to provide a comprehensive overview of the philosophical, ethical, methodological, and analytical fundamentals of social science and educational research, as well as specify aspects of special education research that distinguish it from scientific inquiry in other fields of education and human services. Foremost…

  16. Bibliografia Especializada: Educacion Basica (Specialized Bibliography: Basic Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boletin del Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This specialized international bibliography on basic education lists almost 50 documents written between 1969 and 1971 in Spanish, French, and Italian on the topic of elementary education. Annotations are provided for nine of the articles. Specific topics range from elementary reading and math education to curriculum planning. (VM)

  17. Special Needs in the Classroom: A Teacher Education Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainscow, Mel

    This guidebook is based on research and development associated with the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) teacher education project "Special Needs in the Classroom." The aim of the project was to design and disseminate a Resource Pack of teacher education materials to help schools and teachers throughout…

  18. Point-Counterpoint: Can Special Education and General Education Get Along?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasburn-Moses, Leah; Frager, Alan M.

    2009-01-01

    This essay grew out of a mutual frustration over differences between two fields within education. In the following discussion, special education professor, Leah Wasburn-Moses, argues that special and general education can resolve their differences. Her colleague, teacher education professor, Alan M. Frager, argues that the differences have become…

  19. Point-Counterpoint: Can Special Education and General Education Get Along?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wasburn-Moses, Leah; Frager, Alan M.

    2009-01-01

    This essay grew out of a mutual frustration over differences between two fields within education. In the following discussion, special education professor, Leah Wasburn-Moses, argues that special and general education can resolve their differences. Her colleague, teacher education professor, Alan M. Frager, argues that the differences have become…

  20. IMPROVING THE SKILLS OF SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN TERMS OF ADDITIONAL PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Natalya V. Shklyar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the increase of professional competence of special education teachers in the process of additional professional education. The basic conceptual, substantive and practical aspects of the modular system of additional professional education of teachers in special education.

  1. 75 FR 3454 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... appropriate instructional strategies is permissible and when an evaluation for special education and related...: January 14, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

  2. 75 FR 66743 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... State Directors of Special Education Executive Director Bill East, reiterating that the calculation of State financial support for special education and related services for children with disabilities...

  3. 78 FR 66343 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Special Education-Individual Reporting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Special Education-Individual Reporting on... Performance and Results Act (GPRA) AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS... of Collection: Special Education-Individual Reporting on Regulatory Compliance Related to the...

  4. 75 FR 21606 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation Training... single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01...

  5. 75 FR 5291 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and Media... budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may... Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ...

  6. 76 FR 11218 - Training and Information for Parents of Children With Disabilities Office of Special Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... Training and Information for Parents of Children With Disabilities Office of Special Education and... work collaboratively with personnel responsible for providing special education, early intervention... at home, including information available through the Office of Special Education Programs' (OSEP...

  7. 78 FR 60267 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Special Education-Personnel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Special Education--Personnel Preparation To Improve Services and Results for Children with Disabilities AGENCY: Office of Special Education and... notice will be considered public records. ] Title of Collection: Special Education--Personnel Preparation...

  8. 75 FR 21614 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation Short-Term... single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative... 21, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING...

  9. 75 FR 23254 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Training and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Training and Information... work collaboratively with personnel responsible for providing special education, early intervention... at home, including information available through the Office of Special Education Programs' (OSEP...

  10. Traditional and Applied Graduate Education: Special Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, William G.; Love, Don E.

    1999-01-01

    Addresses the differences in philosophy and instruction methods while offering a means of complementary support. Discusses the traditional and applied communication graduate education models. Concludes that educators must establish and focus upon mutual respect for the commonalities held by the two approaches to graduate education and the support…

  11. ESSA's Well-Rounded Education. Special Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Scott D.; Workman, Emily

    2016-01-01

    As questions regarding the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) flow in to Education Commission of the States, one frequent inquiry is about the concept of a "well-rounded education," referenced more than 20 times and included within the majority of Titles in the Act. State education leaders want to know what constitutes a well-rounded…

  12. Educational Background and High School Maths Teachers ‘Specialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin. Wang

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Teachers’ Specialism is a world development trend and fashion, but also the needs and the direction of teacher education reform. After the latest curriculum reform, the educational reform and development of math,teachers have become universally concentrated and thoughtful in the field of mathematical education. The study adopting questionnaires and telephone interviews carried out a sample survey to 59 common high school math teachers from 3 provinces, and analyzed the connection between math teachers’ specialism and educational background by the statistical analysis tool SPSS quantitatively and qualitatively. The study shows that both mathematical science knowledge and mathematical educational skills have an obvious connection with the educational background, while there’s little connection between mathematical educational knowledge and the educational background. The study points out a relevant strategy which high school math teachers should attach the same important to pre-job training and post-job training

  13. Special Educational Needs of the Child With Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirten, Caren; Liverman, Marie

    1977-01-01

    Special educational needs of the child with cancer may be met in any of several ways: in hospital classes, in a regular school, in orthopedic special class, in a combination of regular school and home instruction, or in the homebound program. (MB)

  14. Competencies Required by Special Librarians: An Analysis by Educational Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyvand Robati, Alireza; Singh, Diljit

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study conducted with the aim of identifying competencies needed by special librarians in Iran at three different levels of library and information science education. A list of competencies was initially identified from the literature and 21 semi-structured interviews with managers of special libraries in Iran.…

  15. Designing Effective Field Experiences for Nontraditional Preservice Special Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Michael S.; Jackson, Lewis; Yeh, Chyong-Hwa

    1996-01-01

    Five alternatives to traditional field experiences in special education are described and contrasted, including: infusion of experiences within content courses; traditional experiences offered during the summer session; working practica; roving practica; and specialized field-experiences. It is argued that these alternatives can provide…

  16. Representations of Special Support. Independent Schools' Descriptions of Special Educational Provision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnússon, Gunnlaugur

    2016-01-01

    An important argument for the introduction of school choice in Sweden, was that independent schools would be a source for innovation. But do independent schools follow traditional patterns of special education, or do they aim for alternative organisational solutions, approaching inclusive education? Here, results from a total population…

  17. Students' Reasons for Studying Special Needs Education: Challenges Facing Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa

    2007-01-01

    This article attempts to clarify some of the problems and challenges currently met by the teaching profession in special education, in particular those relating to why students choose to study special needs education and what they expect to learn. There are two major reasons why students choose to become a "special needs" teacher: to…

  18. Montessori Special Education and Nature's Playground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz, Nimal

    2013-01-01

    Nimal Vaz takes us to the essentials of Montessori as an aid to life for all children, particularly children with special needs. She challenges teachers to truly provide experiences in nature: observing anthills, identifying bird nests, or taking an olfactory walk with a legally blind classmate. Finally, she demonstrates how a child's interest in…

  19. Vygotsky and Problems of Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vygodskaya, Gita L.

    1999-01-01

    This article reviews the life of the educational psychologist, Lev S. Vygotsky, as it affected the development of his ideas about the education of children with disabilities. These ideas include the necessity of considering not only the primary disability but also the secondary, tertiary and subsequent strata affecting the student's learning. (DB)

  20. Parental Involvement in Special Education Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westwood-Robinette, Nicole M.

    2014-01-01

    Educators and researchers have long considered parental involvement an integral part in the success of students and researchers have concluded that there is a connection between parental involvement and the retention rates of students who are involved in regular education curriculum. However, much less information is available regarding the…

  1. Addressing the "Research Gap" in Special Education through Mixed Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingner, Janette K.; Boardman, Alison G.

    2011-01-01

    At least some of the challenges faced in special education, such as the disproportionate representation of culturally and linguistically diverse students, the gap between research and practice, and inequitable educational opportunities, can be explained in part by a research gap, or, in other words, a failure to conduct the different types of…

  2. Addressing the "Research Gap" in Special Education through Mixed Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingner, Janette K.; Boardman, Alison G.

    2011-01-01

    At least some of the challenges faced in special education, such as the disproportionate representation of culturally and linguistically diverse students, the gap between research and practice, and inequitable educational opportunities, can be explained in part by a research gap, or, in other words, a failure to conduct the different types of…

  3. Assessment of Metacognitive Knowledge in Students with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Händel, Marion; Lockl, Kathrin; Heydrich, Jana; Weinert, Sabine; Artelt, Cordula

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated whether and, if so, how metacognitive knowledge can be assessed validly in students with special educational needs in a large-scale assessment like the German National Educational Panel Study. In total, 804 sixth-grade students including both regular school students attending the lowest track of secondary education…

  4. Homeschool Parents and Satisfaction with Special Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Albert; Tuchman, Sivan; Wolf, Patrick J.

    2016-01-01

    Homeschooling is controversial for a variety of reasons. One concern is whether families are sufficiently equipped to serve students with disabilities. We investigate this issue by assessing parental satisfaction with the special education services that their child is receiving in various educational sectors (e.g., homeschool, traditional public,…

  5. Asperger Syndrome: The Emerging Challenge to Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Stephen P.

    2001-01-01

    This article provides a synthesis of recent literature on Asperger syndrome, a condition that has received little attention in American special education. The analysis addresses the syndrome's history, definition, differential diagnosis from other pervasive developmental disorders, screening procedures, and emerging educational interventions.…

  6. Teachers' Knowledge of Special Education Policies and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) greatly improved the educational opportunities for students with disabilities. Teachers require knowledge of the law to deliver necessary and appropriate services to students with disabilities. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine teachers' knowledge of special education…

  7. Critical Practice Analysis of Special Education Policy: An RTI Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorius, Kathleen A. King; Maxcy, Brendan D.

    2015-01-01

    Since 1997, revisions to the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) have shown promise for addressing special education equity concerns: For example, states have the option to use response to intervention (RTI) for determining and thus reducing inappropriate disability determination, and states and districts are required to assess and…

  8. Principal Leadership for Special Education: An Ethical Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lashley, Carl

    2007-01-01

    Current federal policies have changed leadership practices in schools and ushered in an era of public accountability for the educational performance of all students, including students who have disabilities. In this discussion, a former special education director reflects on changes in professional practice and comments on the administration of…

  9. Teacher Preparation for Inclusive and Critical (Special) Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyler, Celia

    2011-01-01

    The author's preservice program prepares both single and dual certification master's students to teach in inclusive classrooms. This article provides an overview of the context in which, and for which, the program was designed, a description of the program, including what the author means by inclusive education and critical special education,…

  10. A Case Study on Special Education in the Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual, Dolores M.; Gregorio, Julieta A.

    This case study, undertaken as part of a Unesco survey of its member states, documents facilities and services for the education of disabled persons in the Philippines. The case study reports that Philippine children and youth with special needs are provided with access to educational opportunities that develop their potential and enable them to…

  11. A Case Study on Special Education in the Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual, Dolores M.; Gregorio, Julieta A.

    This case study, undertaken as part of a Unesco survey of its member states, documents facilities and services for the education of disabled persons in the Philippines. The case study reports that Philippine children and youth with special needs are provided with access to educational opportunities that develop their potential and enable them to…

  12. IEP Use by General and Special Education Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The role of general and special educators in implementing the Individualized Education Program (IEP) is critical. This study investigated the perceptions of those teachers on when they read the IEP, how they measure attainment of IEP goals and objectives, and the IEPs usefulness in instructional planning. Four hundred twenty-six teachers from suburban school districts in central New Jersey were respondents. Results ind...

  13. Bibliografia Especializada: Formacion Docente (Specialized Bibliography: Teacher Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boletin del Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This specialized, international bibliography on various issues in teacher education lists approximately 50 articles and books written between 1959 and 1970 in Spanish, French, English, and Portuguese. Many of the items are reports from conferences and seminars on related topics. Several concern teacher education within a given geographical region.…

  14. Education for Persons with Special Needs: Polish and Russian Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeeva, Roza A.; Kulesza, Ewa M.

    2016-01-01

    The beginning of the 21st century is marked by systemic, economic and social transformations in Poland and Russia, that significantly affected the education system, including the education for persons with special needs. This paper is an attempt to present synthetically the changes relating to persons with disabilities. The current state of the…

  15. General and special education teachers' relations within teamwork ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    education teachers within teamwork and to define socio-demographic factors .... The team approach of general and special education teachers proved to be useful ..... encourage cohesion are trust, openness, willingness for cooperation and .... enduring mental illness engaged in a physical activity programme integrated ...

  16. Shared-Reading Volume in Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Justice, Laura M.

    2015-01-01

    This study describes book reading practices occurring in early childhood special education (ECSE) classrooms in comparison to early childhood education (ECE) classrooms. Reading logs submitted by 19 ECSE teachers and 13 ECE teachers over one academic year included all books read in whole class settings; these logs were analyzed to assess the…

  17. Music Techniques in Therapy, Counseling, and Special Education, Third Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Standley, Jayne M.; Jones, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    "Music Techniques in Therapy, Counseling, and Special Education" is the culmination of the first author's research in the skill development of prospective music therapists and music educators during graduate and undergraduate preparation. Standley studied the abilities and progress of students across multiple clinical music therapy and music…

  18. Mathematics Dispositions of Secondary School Students with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalambouka, Afroditi; Pampaka, Maria; Omuvwie, Michael; Wo, Lawrence

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to shed more light on the attitudes and dispositions to mathematics education of secondary school students with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream schools. The data were collected as part of a larger project in England which looked at the relationship between students' learning outcomes (including dispositions)…

  19. Characteristics of Swedish Preschools That Provide Education and Care to Children with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundqvist, Johanna; Westling, Mara Allodi; Siljehag, Eva

    2016-01-01

    In Sweden, preschool inclusion is embraced and preschools are open for children both with and without special educational needs. The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of a number of preschool units in Sweden that provide education and care to children with special educational needs with regard to organisation, resources and…

  20. Identification of Special Educational Needs for Early Childhood Inclusive Education in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mensah, Florence Akua; Badu-Shayar, Jeremiah

    2016-01-01

    Early Childhood Education is a key element for the growth and development of every country. This paper, provides a summary of reviewing the impact of early childhood special educational assessment on children to be "at risk" of developing special educational needs. It was identified mainly that early identification of at-risk factors for…

  1. Educational Encouragement, Parenting Styles, Gender and Ethnicity as Predictors of Academic Achievement among Special Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Aqeel; Ahmad, Roslee; Hamdan, Abdul Rahim; Mustaffa, Mohamed Sharif

    2014-01-01

    Current study examines the predictors of academic achievement: role of parenting styles, educational encouragement, gender and ethnicity among special education students. Participants of this study consisted 200 special education students (N = 105 boys and N = 95 girls) age varies 14 to 19 years from one school located at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.…

  2. Special Education Administrators' Response to the Educational Needs of Foster Care Youth: Collaborative or Disjointed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palladino, John; Haar, Jean

    2011-01-01

    Although the literature discusses the deleterious educational outcomes that foster care students endure, little attention has focused on school personnel's responses to the phenomenon. Despite the documented relationship between foster care and special education, a missing contribution is the voice of special education administrators. In turn, the…

  3. Education Empowerment Model for the Disabled Learners: A Case Study at Cicendo School for Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamil, Mustofa; Shantini, Yanti; Sardin

    2015-01-01

    This paper originates from a study conducted to examine the challenges faced by the Schools for Special Education (SLB) in their effort to empower people living with disabilities. The study aimed: 1) to describe the stages involved in the education for empowerment of the disabled groups through schools for special education, 2) to present an…

  4. Preparing the Next Generation of Higher Education Faculty in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    deBettencourt, Laurie U.

    2014-01-01

    There is a shortage in the number of funded doctoral programs in the field of special education. As a result the number of higher education faculty who are trained in the knowledge and skills necessary to train the next generation of special education teachers is critically low. This article describes a doctoral program funded by the Office of…

  5. The Educational Context and Outcomes for High School Students with Disabilities: Special Education Programs and the Perceptions of Special Education Teachers. Research Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumaker, Jean B.; Lenz, B. Keith; Bulgren, Janis A.; Davis, Betsy; Grossen, Bonnie; Marquis, Janet; Deshler, Donald D.

    The fourth in a series of studies investigating the educational context and outcomes for high school students with disabilities (SWDs), this study examined types of courses in which SWDs are being enrolled, and the role perception of special education teachers. Twenty-one special education teachers from three high schools in urban areas, three in…

  6. Learning by Designing Interview Methods in Special Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jönsson, Lise Høgh

    2017-01-01

    , and people with learning disabilities worked together to develop five new visual and digital methods for interviewing in special education. Thereby not only enhancing the students’ competences, knowledge and proficiency in innovation and research, but also proposing a new teaching paradigm for university...... colleges and providing new tools for communication in special education.......With the current emphasis on innovation and research in higher education, this paper proposes design-based research as base for a teaching approach to enhance the learning environment of university college students. The paper depicts how students, professors, professional educationalists...

  7. Special Education Teacher Leadership in Jordan: Current State and Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eman Al-Zboon

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Distributed leadership can enhance the professional learning communities of schools. The present study explored the leadership experience of Jordanian special education teachers, and their perceptions of common constraints to leadership. A mixed method design was used, including a survey (n = 136 and an interview (n = 23. Results indicated that special education teachers had little experience of leadership roles. They regarded the provision of cognitive and emotional support to colleagues as their most important leadership role, and participating in interview committees and selecting new teachers as the least important. There were no significant mean differences between male and female special education teachers in their level of enacted leadership. Level of education and years of experience were found to have a significant effect on the level of teachers’ leadership.

  8. Behavioral Patterns in Special Education. Good Teaching Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Dorta, Manuela; Borges, África

    2017-01-01

    Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educational assistance to students who require it. Therefore, special education is different from what takes place in the regular classroom, demanding greater commitment by the teacher. There are certain behaviors, considered good teaching practices, which teachers have always been connected with to achieve good teaching and good learning. To ensure that these teachers are carrying out their educational work properly it is necessary to evaluate. This means having appropriate instruments. The Observational Protocol for Teaching Functions in Primary School and Special Education (PROFUNDO-EPE, v.3., in Spanish) allows to capture behaviors from these professionals and behavioral patterns that correspond to good teaching practices. This study evaluates the behavior of two special education teachers who work with students from different educational stages and educational needs. It reveals that the analyzed teachers adapt their behavior according the needs and characteristics of their students to the students responding more adequately to the needs presented by the students and showing good teaching practices. The patterns obtained indicate that they offer support, help and clear guidelines to perform the tasks. They motivate them toward learning by providing positive feedback and they check that students have properly assimilated the contents through questions or non-verbal supervision. Also, they provide a safe and reliable climate for learning.

  9. Behavioral Patterns in Special Education. Good Teaching Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Rodríguez-Dorta

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Providing quality education means to respond to the diversity in the classroom. The teacher is a key figure in responding to the various educational needs presented by students. Specifically, special education professionals are of great importance as they are the ones who lend their support to regular classroom teachers and offer specialized educational assistance to students who require it. Therefore, special education is different from what takes place in the regular classroom, demanding greater commitment by the teacher. There are certain behaviors, considered good teaching practices, which teachers have always been connected with to achieve good teaching and good learning. To ensure that these teachers are carrying out their educational work properly it is necessary to evaluate. This means having appropriate instruments. The Observational Protocol for Teaching Functions in Primary School and Special Education (PROFUNDO-EPE, v.3., in Spanish allows to capture behaviors from these professionals and behavioral patterns that correspond to good teaching practices. This study evaluates the behavior of two special education teachers who work with students from different educational stages and educational needs. It reveals that the analyzed teachers adapt their behavior according the needs and characteristics of their students to the students responding more adequately to the needs presented by the students and showing good teaching practices. The patterns obtained indicate that they offer support, help and clear guidelines to perform the tasks. They motivate them toward learning by providing positive feedback and they check that students have properly assimilated the contents through questions or non-verbal supervision. Also, they provide a safe and reliable climate for learning.

  10. Educational Background and High School Maths Teachers ‘Specialism

    OpenAIRE

    Lin Wang(Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), D-76128 Karlsruhe, Germany); Chang-huan. Feng

    2009-01-01

    Teachers’ Specialism is a world development trend and fashion, but also the needs and the direction of teacher education reform. After the latest curriculum reform, the educational reform and development of math,teachers have become universally concentrated and thoughtful in the field of mathematical education. The study adopting questionnaires and telephone interviews carried out a sample survey to 59 common high school math teachers from 3 provinces, and analyzed the connection between math...

  11. Implementing Vision Research in Special Needs Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelmsen, Gunvor Birkeland; Aanstad, Monica L.; Leirvik, Eva Iren B.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents experiences from vision research implemented in education and argues for the need for teachers with visual competence and insight into suitable methods for stimulation and learning. A new type of continuing professional development (CPD) focuses on the role of vision in children's learning and development, the consequences of…

  12. Achieving Fluency: Special Education and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, Francis

    2011-01-01

    "Achieving Fluency" presents the understandings that all teachers need to play a role in the education of students who struggle: those with disabilities and those who simply lack essential foundational knowledge. This book serves teachers and supervisors by sharing increasingly intensive instructional interventions for struggling students on…

  13. Assessment in Education. IBE Special Alert

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    As another year is approaching, the time seems appropriate to look back and reflect on all the things that have been done, and more importantly learned during 2014. Along the same lines, and in order to offer further food for thought, the IBE is happy to share with you its latest Thematic alert on the topic of assessment in education. More…

  14. Voices of Special Educators in Sweden: A Total-Population Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Göransson, Kerstin; Lindqvist, Gunilla; Nilholm, Claes

    2015-01-01

    Background: There are two occupational groups in Sweden that are expected to have significant impact on educational work related to children in need of special support. These two groups are special educational needs coordinators (SENCOs) and special education teachers. In this paper, we use the collective name "special educators" to…

  15. What Do Employers Ask for in Advertisements for Special Education Positions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Jennifer; Carter, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Although qualified special educators are more likely to provide effective teaching for students with disabilities and special education needs, it seems many teachers in special education and support positions are not qualified for this role. The study reported here provided analysis of 219 job advertisements for special education positions in…

  16. The Council for Exceptional Children's Position on Special Education Teacher Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) recognizes the importance of special education teachers in the education of all children and youth. Special educators have always believed that children's individual learning needs should drive instruction; indeed, pedagogy is the heart of special education practice. One way to judge a special education…

  17. What Do Employers Ask for in Advertisements for Special Education Positions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Jennifer; Carter, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Although qualified special educators are more likely to provide effective teaching for students with disabilities and special education needs, it seems many teachers in special education and support positions are not qualified for this role. The study reported here provided analysis of 219 job advertisements for special education positions in…

  18. The Core of Special Teacher Education: A Comparison of Finland and Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hausstatter, Rune Sarromaa; Takala, Marjatta

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, the situation of special teacher education in Finland and Norway has been analysed from three perspectives: how the curricula of special teacher education differ between and within the countries; whether inclusion is included in special teacher education; and how the special teacher education curricula reflect the national…

  19. Educating People With Special Needs in Nigeria: Present and Future Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eskay, Michael; Eskay, Obidiya; Uma, Emea

    2012-01-01

    For a long time, children with special needs were educated along with other regular children in schools. The notion of special education was a western phenomenon and concept in Nigeria. How were children with special needs educated without special education programs? This paper will provide cultural perspectives on issues of disability and caring…

  20. Editorial: Special Issue (SI): International Conference on Science Education (ICSE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiufeng; Zhang, BaoHui

    2014-04-01

    In the context of science education globalization, the International Conference on Science Education was held in Nanjing, China, in October 2012. The purpose of this conference was to provide a forum for science education researchers from China and from the rest of the world to exchange research ideas and best practices in science education. A call for papers for a special issue of the Journal of Science Education and Technology was made to all conference participants, and a set of six articles was resulted from a standard peer review process. This set of six articles provides a snapshot of research in China and in some other countries, and represents a dialogue between Chinese science education researchers and science education researchers from other countries. We call for more exchange and collaboration in science education between China and the rest of the world.

  1. Support, Inclusion, and Special Education Teachers’ Attitudes toward the Education of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Isabel R.; David Saldaña; F Javier Moreno

    2012-01-01

    This study is aimed at assessing special education teachers’ attitudes toward teaching pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and at determining the role of variables associated with a positive attitude towards the children and their education. Sixty-nine special education teachers were interviewed. The interview included two multiple-choice Likert-type questionnaires, one about teachers’ attitude, and another about teachers’ perceived needs in relation to the specific education...

  2. Illinois Directors' of Special Education Perceptions of Their Leadership Styles and Importance of the Illinois Standards for Director of Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnell, James W.

    2013-01-01

    This research examined the relationship between Illinois Directors, of special education leadership styles and the importance of the Illinois mandated standards for Director of special education. It extends the current research in educational leadership by specifically exploring the relationship between the importance of special education…

  3. Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on Special Education (Cork, Ireland, September 8-12, 1969).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McHugh, M. F., Ed.

    Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on Special Education (Cork, Ireland, September 8-12, 1969) contain papers relating to the following themes: special education personnel, identification of the handicapped, general aspects of early education, special education methods, early education programs for the mentally handicapped, and early…

  4. Averting Current and Future Special Education Faculty Shortages: Policy Implications and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jane E.; Hardman, Michael L.

    2012-01-01

    The federal government plays an indispensable role in preparing special education personnel to become teacher educators in higher education. The 2011 Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment study documents a continued supply-demand imbalance of special education faculty. It also documents effectiveness and impact of the Office of Special…

  5. Averting Current and Future Special Education Faculty Shortages: Policy Implications and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Jane E.; Hardman, Michael L.

    2012-01-01

    The federal government plays an indispensable role in preparing special education personnel to become teacher educators in higher education. The 2011 Special Education Faculty Needs Assessment study documents a continued supply-demand imbalance of special education faculty. It also documents effectiveness and impact of the Office of Special…

  6. General and Special Education Teachers' Relations within Teamwork in Inclusive Education: Socio-Demographic Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radic-Sestic, Marina; Radovanovic, Vesna; Milanovic-Dobrota, Biljana; Slavkovic, Sanela; Langovic-Milicvic, Ana

    2013-01-01

    The general objective of this study was to establish the relation between general and special education teachers within teamwork and to define socio-demographic factors that affect teamwork. The sample encompassed 223 general and special education teacher of both genders, age 25 to 60, who are employed in regular elementary schools in Serbia. The…

  7. Characteristics of Teacher-Identified Students with Special Educational Needs in Dutch Mainstream Primary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruggink, M.; Goei, S. L.; Koot, H. M.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Traditionally, special educational needs (SEN) were often defined in terms of child deficits. Recently, there has been a tendency to define SEN in terms of (additional) support needed in the classroom. However, little is known about how teachers define students with special educational needs. To close this gap, characteristics of…

  8. Including Students with Special Educational Needs in Rocky Mountain Region Catholic Schools' Regular Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jill Ann Perry

    2013-01-01

    Through a consensual qualitative research and phenomenological approach, this study explored the function of serving students in Catholic schools with special educational needs. Utilizing a survey, a breadth of data were collected from teachers and administrators on the incidence of special educational needs, services available, accommodations and…

  9. Parents' Participation in Special Education in the Context of Implicit Educational Ideologies and Socioeconomic Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalvani, Priya

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study situates parents' perceptions of their participation and role in special education planning in multiple contexts. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 33 diverse parents of children with disabilities. The findings reveal the existence of special education discourses and practices that are entrenched in a…

  10. 75 FR 13106 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; Migrant and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; Migrant and Seasonal..., Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ...

  11. 75 FR 21273 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation Training...: April 20, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

  12. 75 FR 27539 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services: Overview Information: National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services: Overview Information: National Interpreter... Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ...

  13. 76 FR 40713 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Technology and Media Services for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Technology and Media Services for Individuals... Department. Dated: July 6, 2011. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  14. Special Operations Professional Military Education for Field Grade Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-11

    motivates an improvement in the development of its field grade officers. AU/ACSC/MITCHELL, E/AY16 1 Professional military education (PME) faces...UNIVERSITY SPECIAL OPERATIONS PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION FOR FIELD GRADE OFFICERS by Eli G. Mitchell, Maj, USAF A Research Report Submitted to...the Faculty In Partial Fulfilment of the Graduation Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF OPERATIONAL ARTS AND SCIENCES Advisor: Dr. Tony V

  15. CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha ANGELOSKA-GALEVSKA

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the text is to point out the developmental tendencies in the research methodology of special education and rehabilitation worldwide and in our country and to emphasize the importance of methodological training of students in special education and rehabilitation at the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje.The achieved scientific knowledge through research is the fundamental pre-condition for development of special education and rehabilitation theory and practice. The results of the scientific work sometimes cause small, insignificant changes, but, at times, they make radical changes. Thank to the scientific researches and knowledge, certain prejudices were rejected. For example, in the sixth decade of the last century there was a strong prejudice that mentally retarded children should be segregated from the society as aggressive and unfriendly ones or the deaf children should not learn sign language because they would not be motivated to learn lip-reading and would hardly adapt. Piaget and his colleagues from Geneva institute were the pioneers in researching this field and they imposed their belief that handicapped children were not handicapped in each field and they had potentials that could be developed and improved by systematic and organized work. It is important to initiate further researches in the field of special education and rehabilitation, as well as a critical analysis of realized researches. Further development of the scientific research in special education and rehabilitation should be a base for education policy on people with disabilities and development of institutional and non-institutional treatment of this population.

  16. Special Education Teacher Preparation in Singapore's Dual Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Zachary

    2016-01-01

    Global comparisons of teacher education programs should start with an understanding of the school systems that teachers are being prepared for in their local contexts. The purpose of this article is to describe Singapore's dual education system as well as teacher preparation in a country that educates many students with disabilities in a separate…

  17. Optimizing Special Educator Wellness and Job Performance through Stress Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansley, Brandis M.; Houchins, David; Varjas, Kris

    2016-01-01

    In addition to the stressors common to many K-12 teachers, such as high-stakes testing, a lack of autonomy, and high mental and emotional demands, special educators also address the unique needs of their students, team-teach, and maintain caseload responsibilities (Emery & Vandenberg, 2010). Many who enter the profession are fulfilled by the…

  18. The Special Educator and the Hospital Ethics Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowenthal, Barbara; And Others

    With the advent of Public Law 99-457, special educators may be expected to observe and/or serve on Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs) in order to better assist families who have seriously ill and handicapped infants and children. Issues considered by such committees include alternative viewpoints on infant euthanasia and their right to life, the…

  19. Early Childhood Special Educators and the Hospital Ethics Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowenthal, Barbara

    1989-01-01

    The paper discusses issues of concern to early childhood special educators serving on hospital ethics committees to assist families with seriously ill and handicapped infants in neonatal intensive care units. Issues include infant euthanasia and the right to life, child abuse legislation, and possible effects on families. (Author/JDD)

  20. Bibliografia Especializada: Educacion Media (Specialized Bibliography: Intermediate Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boletin del Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa, 1969

    1969-01-01

    This specialized international bibliography on various issues in intermediate education lists almost 70 articles and books, written between 1957 and 1969, in Argentina, Brazil, Belgium, Chile, Spain, France, Mexico, and the United States. Articles appear in Spanish, French, Portuguese, and English. Several articles were sponsored by international…

  1. Special Education Teachers' Attitudes and Perceptions of Teamwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, D. Michael; Gallagher, Peggy A.

    2010-01-01

    One hundred and eighty-four special education teachers serving school-based intervention teams completed the "Attitudes About Teamwork Survey", the "Team Characteristics Survey", and the "Team Process Perception Survey". Respondents' regard for the team process in planning and implementing supports for children with disabilities was generally…

  2. Accommodations in Homeschool Settings for Children with Special Education Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoudt, Patricia Koelsch

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study was designed to examine how homeschooling parents in Pennsylvania make the determination to engage with public school districts to accommodate the special education needs (SEN) of their children. This phenomenological study used direct interviews with 30 Pennsylvania families who are homeschooling children with SEN. Data…

  3. Exploring the Experiences of Special Educators Following the Joplin Tornado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Allyson

    2013-01-01

    On May 22, 2011, an EF5 tornado ripped through Joplin, MO, leaving many residents without homes and destroying or damaging several school buildings. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how special education teachers responded to the needs of their students with disabilities following the Joplin tornado. Purposeful sampling was…

  4. What is new in training Special Education teachers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Michels

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Conveying along international conferences, the Brazilian educational policies have been basing themselves on the inclusive speech. To provide such with sustainability the training of special education teachers. Pursuing to contribute with that discussion, the present paper proposes reflections about initial and continuous training. Through some research that has been developed, we perceived that the core of teacher training for special education lies on the teachers of Specialized Complementary Educational Service (AEE, atendimento educa cional especializado. This service features specialized techniques and resources as a central point in the training. Even those actions that make reference to the relationship with the common class are linked to the transfer of those resources and techniques, not to the pedagogical discussion. Moreover, the current teacher training proposition does not break with the training model traditionally specified for that area. Such elements may lead us to consider that the training of teachers who work with students considered to be disabled is not centered in continuous training. Both that and the initial training do not feature the relationship between AEE and the common class as their central focus. Furthermore, on training there is a preponderance of a model that places the pedagogical in second place, in favor of the medical-psychological aspect. In summary, this proposition of training may signal that the proposal for inclusion in course in the country does not presuppose the acquisition of school knowledge by students with disabilities.

  5. Computer Literacy Training Modules for Special Educators. Bulletin 1749.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Antonio M., Jr.

    Designed to provide Louisiana special educators with the background information they need to develop a computer literacy curriculum for use with their students, this document is divided into four training modules: (1) Introduction to Computer Literacy and Computer History; (2) Introduction to Computer Hardware and Software; (3) Introduction to…

  6. Teacher Manageability: Do Special and Regular Educators Agree?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Stephen P.

    1986-01-01

    Comparison of special educators' (N=65) and elementary and secondary school teachers' (N=44) ratings of behavior problems (in terms of manageability) revealed no significant differences between the groups. Both groups rated social withdrawal, inattention, and work organization behavioral clusters as most difficult to manage. (Author/CB)

  7. Correlates of Special Educators' Self-Efficacy Beliefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safran, Stephen P.

    1985-01-01

    Forty-six special education teachers completed a questionnaire on factors significantly correlated with general efficacy and self-efficacy beliefs. Results indicate no significant correlation of general efficacy with any of the variables analyzed. However, six items: years employed, school level, class size, class structure, teacher role and…

  8. Parent Empowerment: Connecting with Preservice Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Mary M.; Handyside, Lisa M.; Straka, Leslie A.; Arton-Titus, Tabatha V.

    2013-01-01

    Parent empowerment includes the ability to meet the needs of one's family while feeling in control. This phenomenological study seeks to understand the experience of 71 parents of children with disabilities who participated with pre-service teachers in a 16-week special education course between 2006 and 2010. Analysis of pre-course and post-course…

  9. Relationships between Working Conditions and Special Educators' Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettini, Elizabeth A.; Crockett, Jean B.; Brownell, Mary T.; Merrill, Kristen L.

    2016-01-01

    Students with disabilities (SWDs) depend upon special education teachers (SETs) to provide effective instruction. SETs, in turn, depend upon school leaders to provide conditions necessary to learn and engage in effective instructional practices for students with the most significant learning needs. A promising body of research indicates that…

  10. Early Childhood Special Educators Reflect on their Preparation and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lava, Valerie F.; Recchia, Susan L.; Giovacco-Johnson, Tricia

    2004-01-01

    Twenty-five recent graduates of a Master's Program in Early Childhood Special Education participated in focus group interviews designed to explore their perceptions and experiences regarding their first years of practice in urban schools. Findings revealed that participants faced many challenges including collaboration with colleagues, seeking…

  11. Nurturing Social Experience in Three Early Childhood Special Education Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recchia, Susan L.; Soucacou, Eleni P.

    2006-01-01

    This study explored the ways in which early childhood special education teachers supported children's social behavior within the context of their preschool classrooms. Data collected for six children through naturalistic classroom observations were coded and analyzed for emergent themes within a qualitative framework. Findings revealed a variety…

  12. Wild Boys and Idiots: The Beginnings of Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Lorraine

    1991-01-01

    This paper examines the philosophies and practical methods of Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard and Edouard Seguin in the nineteenth century to consider the genesis of the special education field. Noted is how many of these early techniques and ideas are either still relevant or common place today. (Author/DB)

  13. Opinion on Recent Developments and the Future of Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, James M.

    2015-01-01

    Three encouraging trends in special education are greater focus on instruction, emphasis on positive approaches to problem behavior, and greater reliance on scientific evidence. Next steps involving instruction should include research on modifications of instruction needed to accommodate learners with disabilities and on the place in which these…

  14. Parental Characteristics and Resiliency in Identification Rates for Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Jeffrey A.; Howland, Allison A.; McCoach, D. Betsy

    2015-01-01

    Even with increased risks, many children demonstrate resiliency and avoid being labeled for special education; however, research on risk and resilience has been problematic because of inadequate statistical models, limitations of available data, and the exclusion of key protective factors. This study used a national sample to examine the influence…

  15. Incorporating English Language Learner Instruction within Special Education Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    More, Cori M.; Spies, Tracy Griffin; Morgan, Joseph John; Baker, Joshua N.

    2016-01-01

    The number of students who are English language learners (ELL) is increasing significantly across the United States. As this number increases, so does the number of students who are ELL and being identified as having disabilities. The intersection of English language instruction and special education is an emerging field of scholarship, and it is…

  16. Cost Effectiveness of Alternative Route Special Education Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sindelar, Paul T.; Dewey, James F.; Rosenberg, Michael S.; Corbett, Nancy L.; Denslow, David; Lotfinia, Babik

    2012-01-01

    In this study, the authors estimated costs of alternative route preparation to provide states a basis for allocating training funds to maximize production. Thirty-one special education alternative route program directors were interviewed and completed cost tables. Two hundred and twenty-four program graduates were also surveyed. The authors…

  17. Special Education Teachers' Attitudes and Perceptions of Teamwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, D. Michael; Gallagher, Peggy A.

    2010-01-01

    One hundred and eighty-four special education teachers serving school-based intervention teams completed the "Attitudes About Teamwork Survey", the "Team Characteristics Survey", and the "Team Process Perception Survey". Respondents' regard for the team process in planning and implementing supports for children with disabilities was generally…

  18. Incorporating English Language Learner Instruction within Special Education Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    More, Cori M.; Spies, Tracy Griffin; Morgan, Joseph John; Baker, Joshua N.

    2016-01-01

    The number of students who are English language learners (ELL) is increasing significantly across the United States. As this number increases, so does the number of students who are ELL and being identified as having disabilities. The intersection of English language instruction and special education is an emerging field of scholarship, and it is…

  19. Tolerance and Technology of Instruction: Implications for Special Education Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Michael M.

    1988-01-01

    Two issues implied in "Placing Children in Special Education" are discussed: a theory of tolerance, which is a range of permissible deviation concerning teachers' perceptions of which students are teachable; and regular classroom teachers' need for increases in instructional resources or technologies to effectively focus on…

  20. Special Education and Reinforcement Theory: Are we Reinforcing Deficient Behavior?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoppleworth, Leland J.

    1974-01-01

    The consequences that follow behavioral performance play an important part in operant learning theory. This article asks if special educational practice take into consideration the possibility that the performance of deficient behavior may, in fact, have reinforcing consequences for some handicapped individuals. (Author)

  1. Divorce and Special Education. PHP-c103

    Science.gov (United States)

    PACER Center, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Every year the parents of a million American children are newly divorced. While divorce is difficult for all parties involved, children are often the most affected. If the children have disabilities and are involved with the special education system, the situation can be even more complex. The information in this document may help parents think…

  2. Minority Recruitment and Retention for Universities: Bilingual Special Education Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brice, Alejandro E.

    2012-01-01

    Recruitment and retention of minority faculty in bilingual special education is a perilous task. Research has shown that minority faculty/teachers are able to provide emotional support, mentor students, serve as role models, create a positive climate, provide diverse views, increase collaboration among faculty and teachers, and work with…

  3. The Dialectic of Special Education: Postscript to a Radical Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigmon, Scott B.

    The author elaborates on his own ideas and the reactions of other professionals to his earlier work, "A Radical Perspective on the Development of American Special Education with a Focus on the Concept of Learning Disabilities." A narrow reliance on psychology and medicine has contributed to current policy crises regarding identification…

  4. Occupational Therapy and Special Education: Team Approach to Prevocational Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rourk, Jane Davis; Mitchell, Marlys M.

    Since passage of P.L. 94-142, the number of occupational therapists being employed in public schools is increasing significantly; the implications of this trend for special education are considered. Legislation regarding occupational therapy is reviewed, particularly regarding the use of occupational therapy in the school system. Several models of…

  5. How Expert Special Educators Effectively Negotiate Their Job Demands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortogero, Shawna P.; Black, Rhonda S.; Cook, Bryan G.

    2017-01-01

    This qualitative case study explored how three expert secondary special education teachers in Hawaii successfully negotiated their job demands. Purposeful sampling was used to select one secondary school on the Leeward coast of Oahu. We used reputational-case sampling to select participants that fit Dreyfus and Dreyfus' (1980) expert theoretical…

  6. Inclusive Pedagogy and Knowledge in Special Education: Addressing the Tension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintz, Joseph; Wyse, Dominic

    2015-01-01

    There has been an increasing focus in policy and practice on adopting inclusive pedagogy as a way of reconceptualising how schools work with children with special educational needs (SEN). The paper considers the split between knowledge and pedagogy inherent in some dominant strains of "inclusive pedagogy". Drawing on the "knowledge…

  7. Policies on Special Needs Education: Competing Strategies and Discourses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisdall, E. Kay M.; Riddell, Sheila

    2006-01-01

    This paper critically examines the array of policy approaches that have been adopted in the field of special needs education in Scotland over recent years. These are characterized in the following ways: (1) supporting or changing the child--an individualized approach; (2) making schools inclusive for all--a systems approach; (3) challenging the…

  8. A Method for Determining the Probability of Special Education Eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braden, Jeffrey P.; Algina, James

    1989-01-01

    Proposes new method for calculating probability that student meets eligibility criteria for special education which avoids the distortion of dichotomous classification, uses multiple sources and measurement error in a meaningful manner, and promotes the accurate use of test data in eligibility decisions. (Author/NB)

  9. Toward an Ecological Risk Assessment Framework for Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trepanier, Nathalie S.

    2005-01-01

    We suggest a new framework for conducting research in the field of special education. This framework is inspired by the ecological risk assessment frameworks of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (1995) and G.W. Suter (1993), which are primarily used in ecotoxicology and environmental toxicology. The framework includes three phases by which…

  10. Training Teachers in Special Needs Education in Tanzania: A Long ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Training Teachers in Special Needs Education in Tanzania: A Long and Challenging Ordeal to Inclusion. ... Huria: Journal of the Open University of Tanzania. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives ... Specifically it aimed at providing in brief, the history and the challenges that Tanzania is ...

  11. Commentary: Using Mixed Methods to Transform Special Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trainor, Audrey A.

    2011-01-01

    Klingner and Boardman (this issue) offer a cogent and compelling argument for opening the door for the acceptance and use of mixed methods in special education research. Self-identifying as pragmatists, they embody this paradigmatic view by focusing on the utility, efficacy, and accuracy of mixed methods, an argument that should appeal to the…

  12. Mind the Gap: Accountability, Observation and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Christina C.; Rivers, Susan E.; Bertoli, Michelle C.

    2017-01-01

    There is an absence of observation-based tools designed to evaluate teaching in special education classrooms. Evaluations derived from classroom observations are integral to the accountability process, adding value to understanding teaching and learning by providing a lens into the classroom that test scores cannot capture. The present paper…

  13. Secondary Special Education Teachers as Teacher Leaders: Redefining Their Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulrine, Christopher F.; Huckvale, Manina Urgolo

    2014-01-01

    As the responsibilities and challenges of special education teachers at the secondary level increase, their roles are expanding to include mentor, coach, and facilitator for other teachers. In these roles, they lend their expertise and skills to become the new teacher leaders for today's inclusive secondary classroom settings.

  14. Diagnosis and Treatment: Contemporary Practices in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Herbert G.

    The author reviews current practices in the educational diagnosis of exceptional children and proposes a model for more effective identification, screening, and evaluation of students with special needs. Problems and benefits of models in current use (multidisciplinary team approach, the training based model, and the psychometric approach) are…

  15. Pupil Culture, Peer Tutoring and Special Educational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quicke, J. C.

    1986-01-01

    Most existing studies of pupil-pupil interactions in special education have been psychology-based and have not considered the significance of students' social background. An ethnographic study examined the attitudes of academic and remedial British secondary students toward handicapped or otherwise deviant students. Results raised questions about…

  16. Introduction to Special Section: "Perspectives on Comparative Higher Education."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhoades, Gary

    2001-01-01

    Discusses how in this issue's special section, three leading scholars in the comparative study of education explore research questions and methods from three social science frameworks: postmodernism, feminism, and political economy/political sociology. Describes the articles and asserts that these analyses address significant gaps in the existing…

  17. Inclusive Pedagogy and Knowledge in Special Education: Addressing the Tension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintz, Joseph; Wyse, Dominic

    2015-01-01

    There has been an increasing focus in policy and practice on adopting inclusive pedagogy as a way of reconceptualising how schools work with children with special educational needs (SEN). The paper considers the split between knowledge and pedagogy inherent in some dominant strains of "inclusive pedagogy". Drawing on the "knowledge…

  18. Intervention Fidelity in Special and General Education Research Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Elizabeth; Wanzek, Jeanne; Haring, Christa; Ciullo, Stephen; McCulley, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    Treatment fidelity reporting practices are described for journals that published general and special education intervention research with high impact factors from 2005 through 2009. The authors reviewed research articles, reported the proportion of intervention studies that described fidelity measurement, detailed the components of fidelity…

  19. The Knight of Faith: Ethics in Special Needs Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinnes, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    This article attempts to contribute to the understanding of the particularly important and inescapable role that ethics must play in the context of special needs education. Perspectives from Kierkegaard and Derrida are presented and used in order to explore the complexity of the context and to show the importance and responsibility of the agency…

  20. Mind the Gap: Accountability, Observation and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Christina C.; Rivers, Susan E.; Bertoli, Michelle C.

    2017-01-01

    There is an absence of observation-based tools designed to evaluate teaching in special education classrooms. Evaluations derived from classroom observations are integral to the accountability process, adding value to understanding teaching and learning by providing a lens into the classroom that test scores cannot capture. The present paper…

  1. Preparing Culturally Diverse Special Education Faculty: Challenges and Solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Patricia; Showalter, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes why more bilingual culturally responsive special education faculty are needed to meet the needs of the increasing number of culturally and linguistically diverse students with disabilities in the United States. In addition, the paper presents the successes and challenges in the journey to prepare university faculty leaders in…

  2. Bedouin Special-Education Teachers as Agents of Social Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kass, Efrat; Miller, Erez C.

    2011-01-01

    This study probes the career motives of minority special-education teachers in the Bedouin Arab society of southern Israel. The results, obtained via in-depth interviews of teachers, show that the teachers aspire to become agents of social change in three spheres: In the external sphere, they aim for professional autonomy and independence within…

  3. Special Education in the Bedouin Community in Israel's Negev Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manor-Binyamini, Iris

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present an overview of the special education sector of the Bedouin Arab community in southern Israel. The paper opens with the study rationale and the importance of the subject. The review is based on a thematic analysis of content taken from diverse sources. The analysis showed five principle themes: (a) numerous…

  4. Critical Questions about Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winer, Abby; Hebbeler, Kathy; Nelson, Robin; Gundler, Darla; Cate, Debbie; Hudson, Laura; Taylor, Cornelia; Peters, Mary Louise

    2015-01-01

    What is a high-quality statewide data system? One characteristic is that it provides the information needed to address important questions about early intervention and early childhood special education. But what are those questions? What questions should data users, such as program directors, advocates, and policymakers, be asking? The Center for…

  5. Life Journey through Autism: Navigating the Special Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organization for Autism Research (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    As any parent of a child with autism knows, your life changes and you take on new roles after your child receives a diagnosis of autism. Ready or not, you are now expected to be an expert on interventions, support professionals, and special education. Suddenly, your concerns and worries are different from the parents around you. While they may be…

  6. Divorce and Special Education. PHP-c103

    Science.gov (United States)

    PACER Center, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Every year the parents of a million American children are newly divorced. While divorce is difficult for all parties involved, children are often the most affected. If the children have disabilities and are involved with the special education system, the situation can be even more complex. The information in this document may help parents think…

  7. Special Populations in Gifted Education: Working with Diverse Gifted Learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellano, Jaime A.

    This book provides 13 readings on special populations in gifted education. It is based on the premise that gifted and talented students transcend (1) cultural, ethnic, and linguistic ties; (2) conditions that are disabling; (3) sexual orientation; (4) poverty; and (5) geography. Chapters are: (1) "Casting a Wider Net: Linking Bilingual and Gifted…

  8. The Microeconomics of Referral and Reintegration: A Paradigm for Evaluation of Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Michael M.; Semmel, Melvyn I.

    1985-01-01

    A microeconomic paradigm is proposed for the evaluation of special education in schools. The special education process is described in three phases: referral to special education by the classroom teacher; special classroom program; and mainstreaming. The relationship between referral by teachers, classroom resources, and students' desirable…

  9. Special Educational Resources in the Swedish Upper Secondary Schools: A Total Population Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramberg, Joacim

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the special educational resources in the Swedish upper secondary schools using a total population survey that covers all upper secondary schools. Special educators and special teachers together constitute the special educational resources at each school. With two types of regression models (logistic and linear regression), the…

  10. Strategies Used to Teach Mathematics to Special Education Students from the Teachers' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Desline A.

    2016-01-01

    The perspectives of special education teachers on the strategies used to teach mathematics to special education students were examined in this dissertation. Three central research questions that guided the study are: (a) What were New York special education teachers' opinions about the methods they use to teach mathematics to special education…

  11. Support, Inclusion, and Special Education Teachers’ Attitudes toward the Education of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel R. Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed at assessing special education teachers' attitudes toward teaching pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs and at determining the role of variables associated with a positive attitude towards the children and their education. Sixty-nine special education teachers were interviewed. The interview included two multiple-choice Likert-type questionnaires, one about teachers’ attitude, and another about teachers’ perceived needs in relation to the specific education of the pupil with ASD. The study shows a positive view of teachers’ expectations regarding the education of pupils with ASD. A direct logistic regression analysis was performed testing for experience with the child, school relationship with an ASD network and type of school (mainstream or special as potential predictors. Although all three variables are useful in predicting special education teachers' attitudes, the most relevant was the relationship with an ASD network. Need for information and social support are the relatively highest needs expressed by teachers.

  12. Support, Inclusion, and Special Education Teachers' Attitudes toward the Education of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Isabel R; Saldaña, David; Moreno, F Javier

    2012-01-01

    This study is aimed at assessing special education teachers' attitudes toward teaching pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and at determining the role of variables associated with a positive attitude towards the children and their education. Sixty-nine special education teachers were interviewed. The interview included two multiple-choice Likert-type questionnaires, one about teachers' attitude, and another about teachers' perceived needs in relation to the specific education of the pupil with ASD. The study shows a positive view of teachers' expectations regarding the education of pupils with ASD. A direct logistic regression analysis was performed testing for experience with the child, school relationship with an ASD network and type of school (mainstream or special) as potential predictors. Although all three variables are useful in predicting special education teachers' attitudes, the most relevant was the relationship with an ASD network. Need for information and social support are the relatively highest needs expressed by teachers.

  13. Education policies for Special Education in Brazil: a brief historical background

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Regina Lucato Sigolo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper delivers an analysis and a systematization of the Brazilian legislation (from the nineteenth century to the year 2009 regarding the education of disabled people, as well as their rights and the services meant to support them. This research, which is based on collected data from relevant literature and documents, reviews the historical process of the trajectory of the Special Education in Brazil. The study indicates that educational policies in Brazil have identified the Special Education students differently over time. The teaching of students with disabilities or who failed to adapt themselves to regular education was offered separately from the common education. Due to the advancements on studies and research in the fields of Education and Human Rights, educational laws and practices began to change, which prompted the need of a reorganization of both the common schools and the special schools.

  14. Classroom Behaviour Management Strategies in Response to Problematic Behaviours of Primary School Children with Special Educational Needs: Views of Special Educational Needs Coordinators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nye, Elizabeth; Gardner, Frances; Hansford, Lorraine; Edwards, Vanessa; Hayes, Rachel; Ford, Tamsin

    2016-01-01

    Children identified with special educational needs (SEN) and behavioural difficulties present extra challenges to educators and require additional supports in school. This paper presents views from special educational needs coordinators (SENCos) on various strategies used by educators to support children identified with SEN and problematic…

  15. Classroom Behaviour Management Strategies in Response to Problematic Behaviours of Primary School Children with Special Educational Needs: Views of Special Educational Needs Coordinators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nye, Elizabeth; Gardner, Frances; Hansford, Lorraine; Edwards, Vanessa; Hayes, Rachel; Ford, Tamsin

    2016-01-01

    Children identified with special educational needs (SEN) and behavioural difficulties present extra challenges to educators and require additional supports in school. This paper presents views from special educational needs coordinators (SENCos) on various strategies used by educators to support children identified with SEN and problematic…

  16. IEP Use by General and Special Education Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen Rotter

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The role of general and special educators in implementing the Individualized Education Program (IEP is critical. This study investigated the perceptions of those teachers on when they read the IEP, how they measure attainment of IEP goals and objectives, and the IEPs usefulness in instructional planning. Four hundred twenty-six teachers from suburban school districts in central New Jersey were respondents. Results indicated that the majority of general and special education teachers are reading their students’ IEPs in a fairly timely manner and that they find them moderately useful in planning instruction. Results also suggested that teachers relied heavily on grades to document attainment of IEP goals and that teachers felt that the IEPs themselves could be improved if they were shorter with student-specific, critical information that was more relevant to classroom instruction.

  17. Work-related violence, lifestyle, and health among special education teachers working in Finnish basic education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ervasti, Jenni; Kivimäki, Mika; Pentti, Jaana; Salmi, Venla; Suominen, Sakari; Vahtera, Jussi; Virtanen, Marianna

    2012-07-01

    Studies have reported higher levels of absenteeism due to illness among special education teachers compared to other teachers, but it is not known which factors might contribute to this difference. We examined whether health, health behaviors, and exposure to violence at work differed between special education and general education teachers in Finnish basic education. Survey data from 5760 general and special education teachers were analyzed with multilevel logistic models adjusted for individual- and school-level confounding factors. No difference was found between the health behaviors of general and special education teachers. The differences in physical and mental health between the two groups were also relatively small. With regard to work-related violence, however, male special education teachers were 3 times more likely to be exposed to mental abuse, and 5 times more likely to be exposed to physical violence when compared to their male colleagues in general education. Although female special educators were also at an increased risk of mental abuse and physical violence compared to their female general teacher colleagues, their odds ratios for such an encounter were smaller (2- and 3-fold, respectively) than those of male special education teachers. The school-level variance of physical violence toward teachers was large, which indicates that while most schools have little physical violence toward teachers, schools do exist in which teachers' exposure to violence is common. These findings suggest that special education teachers may benefit from training for handling violent situations and interventions to prevent violence at schools. © 2012, American School Health Association.

  18. Perspectives of Special Education Teachers on General Education Curriculum Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Amy

    2016-01-01

    This qualitative research study sought to understand the perspectives of teachers of students with significant cognitive disabilities regarding general education curriculum access. The participants in this study raised many questions about what general education curriculum access is and how it might be realized. This study illuminated the need for…

  19. Preparing Special Educators for Collaboration in the Classroom: Pre-Service Teachers' Beliefs and Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton-Jones, Bethany M.; Vail, Cynthia O.

    2014-01-01

    Inclusion of students with disabilities in general education classrooms and programs continues to be a focus in the international field of special education. In the USA where the history of inclusion is over three decades old, current special educator's professional standards clearly expect that certified special educators will enter the field…

  20. 25 CFR 39.106 - Who is eligible for special education funding?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who is eligible for special education funding? 39.106 Section 39.106 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL... for special education funding? To receive ISEP special education funding, a student must be under 22...

  1. 75 FR 27737 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... Doc No: 2010-11876] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services... Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum amount through... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  2. Discrepancies in the Ideal Perceptions and the Current Experiences of Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Amanda; Brown, Jennifer L.

    2015-01-01

    The field of special education continues to have lower teacher retention rates compared to general education. As a result, concerns over the quality of special education teachers' professional experiences have risen. Both general and special education teachers have their ideal views of the profession, including ample classroom facilities,…

  3. An Investigation of the Workload and Job Satisfaction of North Carolina's Special Education Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cash, Jennifer Brown

    2013-01-01

    Keywords: special education directors, workload, job satisfaction, special education administration. The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to investigate employee characteristics, workload, and job satisfaction of special education directors employed by local education agencies in North Carolina (N = 115). This study illuminates the…

  4. Education of Students with Special Educational Needs and Their Inclusion in the Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stankovska, Gordana; Angelkoska, Slagana; Grncaroska, Svetlana Pandiloska

    2015-01-01

    In education, inclusion is a process of mutual respect for differences of every student and his/her needs, in which the focus is placed on the student. The education system, on the other hand, should deal with the challenges that all students face, including the special educational needs students. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate…

  5. Including Children with Special Educational Needs in Physical Education: Has Entitlement and Accessibility Been Realised?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickerman, Philip

    2012-01-01

    The return of the Labour government to power in 1997 brought an increased focus upon inclusive education for children with special educational needs (SEN). Alongside this there has been a desire to enhance the opportunities young people have to access physical education (PE) and school sport. Previous research has shown that children with SEN…

  6. Training Rural Special Educators to Transition to the Workplace: Lessons for Small Teacher Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallon, Moira A.; Hammons, Jo-Ann

    There are many important workplace issues that must be considered when training rural special educators, particularly those who come from small rural environments with limited diversity. Teacher education programs and rural educators view practicum experiences as integral in transitioning from the training program to the diverse challenges of the…

  7. Inclusive and Special Education in the English Educational System: Historical Perspectives, Recent Developments and Future Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodkinson, Alan

    2010-01-01

    Special education in England has over the past 25 years been subject to rapid development, not least in relation to the emergence of inclusive education. Alan Hodkinson of the Faculty of Education, Community and Leisure, John Moore's University, critically examines the development of inclusion in England and the barriers that can stall the…

  8. An open learning system for special needs education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhiya Al-Jumeily

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The field of special needs education in case of speech and language deficiencies has seen great success, utilizing a number of paper-based systems, to help young children experiencing difficulty in language acquisition and the understanding of languages. These systems employ card and paper-based illustrations, which are combined to create scenarios for children in order to expose them to new vocabulary in context. While this success has encouraged the use of such systems for a long time, problems have been identified that need addressing. This paper presents research toward the application of an Open Learning system for special needs education that aims to provide an evolution in language learning in the context of understanding spoken instruction. Users of this Open Learning system benefit from open content with novel presentation of keywords and associated context. The learning algorithm is derived from the field of applied computing in human biology using the concept of spaced repetition and providing a novel augmentation of the memorization process for special needs education in a global Open Education setting.

  9. [Lifestyle of the students of specialized educational institutions and lyceum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeeva, E R; Akberova, G R; Kladov, D Yu; Ziyatdinova, A I

    2014-01-01

    The results of the survey indicate that students of the specialized educational institution have grown in less favorable conditions than lyceum students, they often brought up in single-parent (45% vs. 26%), large (34% vs. 14%) families, their parents are less likely to have higher education. Lifestyle of the parents of students of specialized educational institution is more "unhealthy" than in families of lyceum students: parents drink alcohol 1.8 times more frequently, the prevalence of smoking among mothers was 24 times more. Among students of the specialized educational institution one in five (21%) had the experience of tobacco smoking, among lyceum students--only every 25th (4.0%), alcohol use is common in 24% of pupils and 6% of lyceum students, 7.1% of students irregularly use drugs, among lyceum students there was no such children. Irrational mode of the day was more common among lyceum students: they less frequently rate their health as good (61% vs. 76%), had more complaints about their health, as well as more often experience a fatigue after training sessions (40% versus 26%) and difficulty in falling asleep.

  10. Discourses on Inclusion, Citizenship and Categorizations of "Special" in Education Policy: The Case of Negotiating Change in the Governing of Vocational Special Needs Education in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakala, Katariina

    2010-01-01

    This article deals with the negotiation process deciding the institutional organization of vocational special needs education and training in Finland. Traditionally, the state has been a strong actor in organizing vocational special needs education in Finland. At the beginning of 2009, however, all five state-maintained vocational special schools…

  11. The Role of the School Nurse in the Special Education Process: Part 2: Eligibility Determination and the Individualized Education Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, Robin Adair; Yonkaitis, Catherine Falusi

    2017-07-01

    This is the second of two articles outlining the professional school nurse's role in the special education process for students with disabilities. The Individuals with Disabilities in Education Improvement Act of 2004 mandates the special education process: identification, full and individual evaluation, eligibility determination, and development of the individual education program (IEP), including special education placement. Part 1 focused on the importance of the school nurse's role in student identification, response to intervention, and the full and individual evaluation. Part 2 highlights the school nurse's vital and unique contribution to the subsequent special education steps of eligibility determination, IEP development, and special education services placement and minutes.

  12. From Special Tasks to Extensive Roles: The Changing Face of Special Needs Teachers in Finnish Vocational Further Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirttimaa, Raija; Hirvonen, Maija

    2016-01-01

    Following the development of inclusive education in vocational education and training (VET), the discussion about the prevention of marginalisation and dropouts has increased. At the same time, the formal education system has strengthened the position of support services, such as special educational needs (SEN) teachers, social workers and…

  13. Music Therapy and Special Music Education: Interdisciplinary Dialogues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice-Ann Darrow

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Drawing from Professor Alice-Ann Darrow’s life-long work in the fields of music therapy and special music education, this interview brings to the fore the importance of interdisciplinary dialogue. A range of themes (including the notion of ‘musical rights’ and inclusion emerge and are discussed in relation to the development of interdisciplinary and collaborative work between different music practices. Darrow shares experiences from her personal and professional life that have shaped her work and way of thinking over the years. This interview can provide a framework within which readers can situate and further understand Darrow’s rich contribution within the fields of music therapy and special music education both nationally and internationally.

  14. Special Education in Brazil – from exclusion to inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Eglér Mantoan

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the phases through which the Brazilian education has been developing, starting from the exclusion of students with disabilities in specialized institutions which are typically therapeutically oriented to our present days, when this educational modality has been clashing with the proposals of a school for all, one and only, open to the differences, and, as a result, inclusive. The path that has been followed is focused on from the point of view of legal documents, of educational plans and policies. Finally we focus on teacher education and present some indicators by which we have been evaluating the benefits of inclusion in the Brazilian schools, through the investigations from the researchers at LEPED (Laboratory of Studies and Research in Teaching and Diversity / Unicamp- São Paulo/Brazil.

  15. Special Education Teacher Computer Literacy Training. Project STEEL. A Special Project To Develop and Implement a Computer-Based Special Teacher Education and Evaluation Laboratory. Volume II. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Theodore W.; And Others

    The document is part of the final report on Project STEEL (Special Teacher Education and Evaluation Laboratory) intended to extend the utilization of technology in the training of preservice special education teachers. This volume focuses on the second of four project objectives, the development of a special education teacher computer literacy…

  16. Special and General Education Biology Teachers Working Together Collaboratively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagne-Grosso, Melissa

    Collaborative teaching, between special education and general education teachers working together, came about as a result of the No Child Left Behind and Individuals with Disabilities Education Acts. Despite the positive intentions of those acts, teachers are not always ready to teach collaboratively. Guided by the theories of fundamental change and inclusion, this study was based on a lack of understanding about collaborative teaching at 3 high schools. The research questions focused on the benefits, process, and concerns related to collaborative teaching. The perspectives of 4 special education and 8 regular education teachers in 3 urban, public high schools were collected through interviews and observations. Data were analyzed descriptively and inductively using coding, reconstruction, and interpretation of the underlying meanings. The findings revealed that teachers benefitted from being in these classrooms by having a reduced work load and shared responsibility; however, they needed more time for collaboration and modifying instruction, professional development, and stronger support. Students in these classrooms benefitted from social interactions with other students and by getting direct answers to questions. Based on these findings, a professional development training was created based on how collaborative teachers can work together to promote successful learning. This project study can have a positive impact by assisting collaborative teachers with support, communication, strategies for modifications and accommodations, and an enhanced experience, and additionally by improving the academic outcomes for their students.

  17. Maldives. Package on population education for special interest groups developed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    The Population Education Program of the Non-Formal Education Center has developed a package of Population Education for Special Interest Groups comprising a learning package and fieldworker's guide. The learning package is especially developed for teaching population education for out-of-school populations. Special interest groups in Maldives include newly married couples, adolescents, and working youth. Produced under the guidance of UNESCO, Bangkok, the package contains 36 different materials such as posters, charts, leaflets, booklets, stories, and illustrated booklets which may be taught in 36 to 45 periods. The materials deal with eight themes, namely, family size and family welfare, population and resources, delayed marriage and parenthood, responsible parenthood, population-related values and beliefs, women in development, AIDS/STD, and respect for old people. Accompanying the learning package is the fieldworker's guide used to teach the package. It contains individual guides for each of the 36 learning materials. The guide gives the titles of the materials, format, objectives of the materials, messages, target groups, and an overview of the content of each learning materials. The methodologies used for teaching the learning materials include role playing, group discussion, questioning, brainstorming, survey, creative writing, problem-solving and evaluation. The package will be used by fieldworkers to conduct island-based population education courses.

  18. Music Therapy and Special Music Education: Interdisciplinary Dialogues

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Drawing from Professor Alice-Ann Darrow’s life-long work in the fields of music therapy and special music education, this interview brings to the fore the importance of interdisciplinary dialogue. A range of themes (including the notion of ‘musical rights’ and inclusion) emerge and are discussed in relation to the development of interdisciplinary and collaborative work between different music practices. Darrow shares experiences from her personal and professional life that have shaped her wor...

  19. Is the California Special Education Achievement Gap Really Closing?

    OpenAIRE

    Fearn, Emilene Johnson

    2012-01-01

    The achievement gains of California students with disabilities (SWDs) on the California Standards Test (CST)-English Language Arts have surpassed the achievement gains of students with no reported disabilities in recent years, and so the special education achievement gap seemed to be closing. However, the reported achievement for SWDs has not factored in changes in the tested student populations that resulted from the introduction of modified assessments, suggesting that the achievement gain...

  20. Active Citizenship, Education and Service Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birdwell, Jonathan; Scott, Ralph; Horley, Edward

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how active citizenship can be encouraged through education and community action. It proposes that service learning and a renewed focus on voluntarism can both promote social cohesion between different ethnic and cultural groups while also fostering among the population a greater understanding of and commitment to civic…

  1. Inclusion in education: comparing pupils' development in special and regular education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peetsma, T.T.D.; Vergeer, M.M.; Roeleveld, J.; Karsten, S.

    2001-01-01

    Large-scale longitudinal data on differences in pupils' cognitive and psychosocial development in various types of special and mainstream schools are reported in this article. The study focuses on comparing the development of matched pairs of primary-aged pupils in mainstream and special education o

  2. Model of Providing Assistive Technologies in Special Education Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lersilp, Suchitporn; Putthinoi, Supawadee; Chakpitak, Nopasit

    2015-05-14

    Most students diagnosed with disabilities in Thai special education schools received assistive technologies, but this did not guarantee the greatest benefits. The purpose of this study was to survey the provision, use and needs of assistive technologies, as well as the perspectives of key informants regarding a model of providing them in special education schools. The participants were selected by the purposive sampling method, and they comprised 120 students with visual, physical, hearing or intellectual disabilities from four special education schools in Chiang Mai, Thailand; and 24 key informants such as parents or caregivers, teachers, school principals and school therapists. The instruments consisted of an assistive technology checklist and a semi-structured interview. Results showed that a category of assistive technologies was provided for students with disabilities, with the highest being "services", followed by "media" and then "facilities". Furthermore, mostly students with physical disabilities were provided with assistive technologies, but those with visual disabilities needed it more. Finally, the model of providing assistive technologies was composed of 5 components: Collaboration; Holistic perspective; Independent management of schools; Learning systems and a production manual for users; and Development of an assistive technology center, driven by 3 major sources such as Government and Private organizations, and Schools.

  3. Traversing the Mainstream: Regular Education and Students with Disabilities in Secondary School. A Special Topic Report from the National Longitudinal Transition Study of Special Education Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbeler, Kathleen

    This report documents what has been learned through the National Longitudinal Transition Study (NLTS) of Special Education Students about regular education and secondary students with disabilities. Findings are based on data from more than 8,000 youth in secondary special education, ages 13 to 21, in 1985-86. Focus of the report is on how much…

  4. Behavior Modification in Special Education in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkey, Peter

    1977-01-01

    West German literature on educational behavior modification is summarized, and empirical studies of behavior modification intervention with special education students at the elementary level are surveyed. (SBH)

  5. Who's Who and What's What? Special Education Services for Foster Care Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palladino, John M.

    2011-01-01

    This case describes the educational experiences of a foster care student named Chad. His foster parents and teacher notice educational deficits and express concern about gaps in the student's cumulative educational record. The principal and special education director must guide all constituents to adhere to special education mandates and at the…

  6. PARENTS' AND TEACHERS' ATTITUDES TO INCLUSION A CHILD WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS TO SCHOOL

    OpenAIRE

    Linhartová, Iva

    2011-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with education of pupils with special educational needs in common elementary schools as well as in special elementary schools. It defines special educational needs of these pupils (syndrome ADHD/ADD, specific learning disabilities, cerebral palsy, autism, epilepsy, mental retardation, hearing impairment, combined disorders) and searches attitudes of parents and teachers to inclusion of pupils with special educational needs in common elementary schools as well as in sp...

  7. Working satisfaction and views towards team work of mobile special education teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Veber, Saša

    2016-01-01

    In this diploma thesis I researched the working satisfaction and views of mobile special education teachers towards team work. In the introductory part I defined what working satisfaction is, I described the work of mobile special education teachers, I defined team work at school and described the role of mobile special education teachers' views. In the research I established how satisfied mobile special education teachers are at their work, what are their positions and views towards team wor...

  8. Studying Teaching Methods, Strategies and Best Practices for Young Children with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzivinikou, S.; Papoutsaki, K.

    2016-01-01

    Teaching objectives in special education are different from those in the ordinary classroom. Educational programmes for special needs students are focused on individual learning, achievement and progress. Thus, the instruction in special education classrooms and resource rooms in inclusive schools has to be specific, directed and individualised.…

  9. Children with Special Educational Needs in the Netherlands: Number, Characteristics and School Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veen, Ineke; Smeets, Ed; Derriks, Mechtild

    2010-01-01

    Background: Several barriers are hampering the provision of adequate education to students with special educational needs in mainstream primary schools. It is not clear how many and which students in the Netherlands are considered children with special educational needs. The problems that make teachers consider children to have special educational…

  10. The Spillover Effects of Having a Sibling with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottfried, Michael A.; McGene, Juliana

    2013-01-01

    The influence that students with special educational needs may exert on the schooling outcomes of their siblings without special educational needs has been given minimal attention in published research. Hence, the authors bring forth a unique contribution by evaluating the within-family effects of being a child without special educational needs in…

  11. Organizing a Pre-Referral Process: Serving Student Needs without Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchholz, Wayne W.; Pruitt, Betty E.

    Two views are presented regarding serving student needs without increasing special education in River Forest, Illinois public schools. A demographic description of the community and school district, school district philosophy regarding the roles of general and special education, and special educational financing undergird the first discussion.…

  12. 75 FR 22760 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  13. 75 FR 39216 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  14. 75 FR 25845 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; Centers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; Centers for... Administration (RSA) staff from the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. The pre-application.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01...

  15. 75 FR 36239 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  16. 75 FR 9189 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Assistive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Assistive Technology Act... Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum amount through a notice published in... period exceeding 60 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may...

  17. 75 FR 34990 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute on... exceeding $850,000 for a single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  18. 75 FR 13111 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-18

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute on... Program--Advanced Rehabilitation Research Training (ARRT) Projects AGENCY: Office of Special Education and..., Assistant Secretary for Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ...

  19. Implicit Assumptions in Special Education Policy: Promoting Full Inclusion for Students with Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Moira

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Everyday millions of students in the United States receive special education services. Special education is an institution shaped by societal norms. Inherent in these norms are implicit assumptions regarding disability and the nature of special education services. The two dominant implicit assumptions evident in the American…

  20. 25 CFR 39.105 - Are additional funds available for special education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Are additional funds available for special education? 39... additional funds available for special education? (a) Schools may supplement the 15 percent base academic funding reserved under § 39.104 for special education with funds available under part B of the Individuals...

  1. 25 CFR 39.705 - Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... transport special education students? 39.705 Section 39.705 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF... Funds § 39.705 Are schools eligible for transportation funds to transport special education students? Yes. A school that transports a special education student from home to a treatment center and back to...

  2. 75 FR 77624 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute on... months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum... the Department of Education (34 CFR 100.4, 104.5, 106.4, 108.8, and 110.23). 3. Special Conditions...

  3. 75 FR 38510 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Personnel Development to Improve...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Personnel Development to Improve Services and... Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. We are correcting the use of the word ``scholar'' in the Special....html . Dated: June 25, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  4. 75 FR 39431 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum amount through a notice published in... this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  5. 75 FR 21270 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may... call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services between 1:00 p.m...

  6. 75 FR 33277 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... exceeding $400,000 for a single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  7. 75 FR 55788 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... identifiable information redacted) regarding students with high cognition who also require special education... IEP information on the frequency, duration, and location of the special education and related services...

  8. 75 FR 9193 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Assistive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Assistive Technology Act... Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum amount through a notice published in... period exceeding 60 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may...

  9. Special Education in Saudi Arabia: A Synthesis of Literature Written in English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altamimi, Ahmed A.; Lee, Lay Wah; Sayed-Ahmed, Al-sayed A.; Kassem, Mostafa M.

    2015-01-01

    Special education in Saudi Arabia was formally established in 1962. The earliest cited literature on special education written in English was a 1970 government report. This article presents results from the first synthesis of internationally published Saudi special education literature over a 44-year period. This synthesis yielded information…

  10. 75 FR 39782 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... exceeding $650,000 for a single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  11. 75 FR 33274 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum amount through... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  12. 75 FR 30005 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... National Association of Private Special Education Centers Executive Director and CEO Sherry L. Kolbe... Directors of Special Education, regarding the State funds that must be included in the calculation of State...

  13. 75 FR 59699 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and Media... provisions, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) awarded two 18-month grants to support States... single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  14. 75 FR 32435 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technical Assistance on... applications on how they will work with experts in large-scale assessment and special education to ensure that... single State, OA, or FAS. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may...

  15. 75 FR 39426 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services may change the maximum amount through... participate in this meeting by conference call with NIDRR staff from the Office of Special Education and...

  16. A Comparison of Special Education Administrators' and Teachers' Knowledge and Application of Ethics and Professional Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Craig R.; Van Haren, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    The field of special education is wrought with ethical dilemmas. The Council for Exceptional Children has outlined its code of ethics and standards for professional practice for individuals working in the field of special education. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which special education administrators and teachers possess…

  17. Perceptions of Supportive Leadership Behaviors of School Site Administrators for Secondary Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roderick, Erin; Jung, Adrian Woo

    2012-01-01

    School administrators fall short of supporting special education teachers due to a lack of knowledge of and experience in special education. The purpose of this study was to identify and compare leadership behaviors perceived as supportive by special education teachers and school site administrators. Data collection involved a survey instrument…

  18. A Qualitative Case Study of Expert Special Educators Effectively Negotiating Their Job Demands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortogero, Shawna P.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative case study explored how three expert secondary special education teachers in Hawaii constructed their perceived roles and successfully negotiated their job demands. There is a strong connection between role problems and special education teachers leaving the profession. The special education teacher shortage has a direct impact on…

  19. Your Hands Are (Not) Tied: School-Based Ethics When Parents Revoke Special Education Consent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Rachel; Sharkey, Jill

    2015-01-01

    Parents currently have the unilateral ability to reject special education services. Yet, it is unclear how schools should support students with special education needs in this situation as schools may not challenge a parent's choice to revoke special education assessment consent or the provision of services. Guidelines for school…

  20. Changing the Staff Selection Process for Special Education. Maxi II Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidaurri, Otilia V.

    Presented is the report on a practicum to implement a series of activities to assist Directors of Special Education in the task of personnel identification and selection. Specific issues considered are skills or competencies in special education staff roles, guidelines for special education certification in Texas, and practices and techniques in…

  1. Numbers That Count: Exploring Special Education and Paraprofessional Service Delivery in Inclusion-Oriented Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suter, Jesse C.; Giangreco, Michael F.

    2009-01-01

    This study explores key indicators of special education service delivery based on responses from 92 special educators and 36 administrators in 19 Vermont schools. Special educators reported on their work, the work of paraprofessionals they supervised, and 103 students with disabilities who were receiving one-to-one paraprofessional supports within…

  2. The Special Education Story: Obituary, Accident Report, Conversion Experience, Reincarnation, or None of the Above?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, James M.

    2000-01-01

    The current status of special education and possible futures are examined through a true news story of current "reform" efforts in Washington, D.C. schools and in imaginary future news stories reporting on special education as an obituary, an accident, a conversion experience, and a reincarnation. The author urges special educators to reject…

  3. Special Education Use among the Negev Bedouin Arabs of Israel: A Case of Minority Underrepresentation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinero, Steven C.

    2002-01-01

    Examines disproportionality in special education among Israeli Arabs. Arab children are more likely than Jewish children to be placed in special education. Negev bedouin Arab children, however, are underrepresented in special education. Discusses whether a culture of disability is being fostered among the Arab citizens of Israel and whether…

  4. MicroComputers: New Directions and Methods for the Preparation of Special Education Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Scott K.; Kelemen, Eve J.

    1984-01-01

    The article discusses the dual role of the microcomputer as a focus and a medium for training special educators. Current issues, applications, and outcomes surrounding the impact of microcomputer technology on the preparation of special education personnel are explored. Implications for inservice and preservice training of special educators are…

  5. Students with ‘Special Rights' for mathematics education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Gervasoni, Ann

    2011-01-01

    insights and implications from research on the special needs of different "equity groups," illuminating the way in which a "one-size-fits-all" approach tends to limit quality education to only dominant groups. And Section 4 contains lessons learned by researchers and practitioners who attempted to manage......The issues of equity and quality have been central to international debates on mathematics in research, policy, curriculum and teaching. This book covers a wide variety of topics in the research and practice of mathematics education, demonstrating how equity and quality are inherently political...... terms whose political bedrock is obscured by them being taken for granted. Mapping Equity and Quality in Mathematics Education is broken into four parts. Section 1 addresses the constructs of equity and quality from a variety of theoretical perspectives and outlines new directions to approach...

  6. Diagnosing, special education and ‘learnification’ in Danish schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hamre, Bjørn

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on a discussion of diagnosing, special education, and ‘learnification’ in a Danish school context in which the increasing use of diagnosis is analysed as resulting from the ideas of normality that are associated with the construction of the pupil as a learner. I argue...... that diagnosis in schools can be seen as the shadow side of the articulation and management of learning through schools’ requirements for pupils. This article is based on my analysis of files produced by educational psychologists. Learning and diagnosis, I argue, constitute two different, but parallel, ways...... of looking at being a pupil in school, each of which represents conceptions of deviance and normality. The article’s methodological point of departure draws on a Foucauldian-influenced analysis of diagnosing and learning in education....

  7. Equal Educational Opportunity in Special Education: Legal Mandates and Strategies for Planning, Chapter 766.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Marie

    The paper presents a history of the legal mandates (both legislative and judicial) for equal educational opportunity for linguistic and cultural minorities and describes the denial of this right in Massachusetts, as evidenced by overrepresentation of minorities in special education. Aspects of testing protocol, prereferral modification, and…

  8. Statements of Special Educational Needs and Mainstream Secondary Physical Education in North-West England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Anthony

    2013-01-01

    This article, by Anthony Maher of the University of Central Lancashire, explores, from the perspective of SENCos and learning support assistants (LSAs) in north-west England, the perceived adequacy of Statements of special educational needs as they relate to physical education (PE). The findings, generated via online surveys, suggest that most…

  9. Educating Leaders for Social Justice: The Case of Special Educational Needs Co-Ordinators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liasidou, Anastasia; Svensson, Cathy

    2014-01-01

    In the light of policy imperatives to initiate and maintain inclusive education reforms, the role of special educational needs co-ordinators (SENCOs) in England and Wales should be reconceptualised with a view to their leading school reforms commensurate with the principles of an inclusive discourse. The article concentrates on the social justice…

  10. Complex Relationships between Multicultural Education and Special Education: An African American Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irvine, Jacqueline Jordan

    2012-01-01

    Multicultural education and special education share historical roots, philosophies, theories, and pedagogies that provide unique opportunities to address the many challenges of underserved K-12 students. Without a more refined and critical analysis, however, the shared similarities could possibly mask the tensions and the complexities inherent in…

  11. What We Know and Need to Know about Teacher Education and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spooner, Fred; Algozzine, Bob; Wood, Charles L.; Hicks, S. Christy

    2010-01-01

    Researchers have conducted two prior longitudinal retrospective syntheses of the journal "Teacher Education and Special Education." The present authors' approach is different; they analyze only the content published during their tenure as editors. They define big ideas that they believe are representative of what they published. They found that…

  12. Becoming a teacher educator: experiences with a special induction programme for beginning teacher educators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kools, Quinta; Schildwacht, Rita; Veraa, Marije; Gootzen, Marly; Bouckaert-den Draak, Marina; Seezink, Audrey

    2015-01-01

    Literature reveals that beginning teacher educators are dealing with organisational and professional difficulties in their induction period. At the Teacher Education Institute of Fontys University of Applied Sciences in Tilburg, The Netherlands, a special induction programme was developed for the in

  13. Volunteerism in Special Education through Industry-Education Cooperation. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Donald M.; Hughes, James H.

    The final report describes activities and products of a 3-year project to prepare private sector volunteers to become actively involved in special education through a networking system of industry-education partnerships. Using a trainer of trainers model, the project conducted workshops and produced a training package which includes a program…

  14. Impact of the Special Education Vocational Education Program (VEP) on Student Career Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ofoegbu, Nelly E.; Azarmsa, Reza

    2010-01-01

    The Vocational Education Program (VEP) was established by the special education department in the Long Beach Unified School District (LBUSD) in an effort to assist students with disabilities to graduate from high school and be gainfully employed. This study investigated the impact of VEP on students' careers success after graduation. The…

  15. Parental Views on the Statutory Assessment and Educational Planning for Children with Special Educational Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Una; McConkey, Roy; Hartop, Brendan

    2005-01-01

    Within the UK educational authorities have a legal duty to undertake an assessment of children who are deemed to have 'special educational needs' and to draw up plans for meeting these needs. The procedures used are currently under review, and as a contribution to this a study of parental views was commissioned in Northern Ireland. Over 1000…

  16. Comparing the Perceptions of Inclusion between General Education and Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruster, Debra Dungan

    2014-01-01

    This causal-comparative, quantitative study compared the perceptions of inclusion of students with disabilities in the mainstream classroom that are held by high school general education teachers and high school special education teachers that teach in inclusive settings. The study determined there is a difference between the perceptions of…

  17. The presence of several students with special educational needs in inclusive education and the functioning of students with special educational needs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruijs, N.M.; Peetsma, T.; van der Veen, I.

    2010-01-01

    Current research gives some indications about how inclusive education affects students with special educational needs (SEN), but there are too many different results to draw unequivocal conclusions. It is therefore important to focus on specific factors that could influence outcomes of inclusive edu

  18. Social rejection of first-graders with special educational needs in general education classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Krull

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the question, whether co-education of students with and without special educational needs has negative consequences in terms of social integration within the class community. While international research on integration shows an increased risk of exclusion of children with special educational needs, studies in German schools show ambivalent results. In this study, 448 first-graders were surveyed in order to test if children with special educational needs are more likely to be socially rejected already at this young age. The measure is based on a sociometric interview and a questionnaire to assess the feeling of being accepted by the teacher, the academic self-concept and the classroom climate. The results show a significantly higher social rejection of first-grade students with special educational needs. Data from the questionnaire yield significant differences between the two groups only for the academic self-concept. An exploratory analysis, based on the distribution of sociometric differences between students with and without special educational needs, supports the results on class and school level.

  19. Mismatch between diagnostic reports and special educational needs classification in a public educational system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Maria Cristina Triguero Veloz; Brunoni, Décio; Carreiro, Luiz Renato Rodrigues; Braga, Ana Claudia; Silva, Naiara Adorna da; Paula, Cristiane Silvestre

    2017-04-01

    To assess the diagnostic status, the sociodemographic and health profiles for students with special educational needs (SEN) in a public educational system, and to map their use of educational/social services. The sample comprised 1,202 SEN students from a total of 59,344 students. Only 792 students of the 1,202 had an established diagnosis. The most prevalent SEN condition was intellectual disability. There was a low percentage (29.4%) of use of specialized educational services or support. It was found that, for some neurodevelopmental disorders, prevalence data suggest an under-reporting in the school system. Results suggest that there is a mismatch between the diagnostic reports and the SEN condition legally recognized according to Brazilian law, in addition to the under-reporting and under specialized service use of students with disabilities.

  20. A Slovenian Special Education Specialist Popularizes Drama In Education in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>How to let students in their adolescence disclose the pressures they confront? How to make hearing-impaired children better communicate with their family members and pals? Veronika Gaber Korbar, Director of the Taka Tuka Club in Ljubljana of Slovenia, Chengdu’s friendship city, brought a completely new approach to education: Drama In Education (DIE) to the students of Grade 8 of the Department for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing of the Chengdu Special Education School.

  1. Pediatricians' knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns regarding special education and individualized education programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Reshma P; Kunnavakkam, Rangesh; Msall, Michael E

    2013-01-01

    The medical community has called upon pediatricians to be knowledgeable about an individualized education program (IEP). We sought to: 1) evaluate pediatricians' knowledge and attitudes regarding special education; 2) examine the relationship between perceived responsibilities and practice patterns; and 3) identify barriers that impact pediatricians' ability to provide comprehensive care to children with educational difficulties. Surveys were mailed to a national sample of 1000 randomly selected general pediatricians and pediatric residents from October 2010 to February 2011. The response rate was 47%. Of the knowledge items, respondents answered an average of 59% correctly. The majority of respondents thought pediatricians should be responsible for identifying children who may benefit from special education services and assist families in obtaining services, but less than 50% thought they should assist in the development of an IEP. The majority of pediatricians inquired whether a child is having difficulty at school, but far fewer conducted screening tests or asked parents if they needed assistance obtaining services. Overall, the prevalence of considering a practice a pediatrician's responsibility is significantly higher than examples of such a practice pattern being reported. Financial reimbursement and insufficient training were among the most significant barriers affecting a pediatrician's ability to provide care to children with educational difficulties. In order to provide a comprehensive medical home, pediatricians must be informed about the special education process. This study demonstrates that there are gaps in pediatricians' knowledge and practice patterns regarding special education that must be addressed. Copyright © 2013 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. The Readiness of Special Education Trainees to Teach in Inclusive Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bari, Safani; Yasin, Mohd Hanafi Mohd; Hamzah, Mohd Nazri

    2014-01-01

    The training of Special education teachers have been given attention by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia. Since 1996 Special education was given the same priority as other areas in the development of education in Malaysia. In order to implement effective teaching and learning in inclusive program, teachers should be prepared and understand…

  3. 77 FR 43276 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Special Education and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services within the U.S. Department of Education funded...

  4. The Influence of Gender and Special Education Training on Attitudes Towards Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orakci, Senol; Aktan, Osman; Toraman, Çetin; Çevik, Hüseyin

    2016-01-01

    Inclusive education practices on special education are quite important and discussed intensively. Within this context, teachers' viewpoints and attitudes towards inclusive education practices are of great importance. There are many publications about special education practices in the literature review. In this article, it has been focused on…

  5. The Perceptions of Teacher Skills and Knowledge by Regular and Special Educators of Mildly Handicapped Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furey, Eileen M.; Strauch, James D.

    1983-01-01

    The results indicate that, while there is consonance between the self-perceived skills and knowledge of special educators and how regular educators view them, there is an apparent dissonance between how regular educators view themselves and special educators' perceptions of regular elementary teachers. (Author)

  6. The Disability Studies in Education Annual Conference: Explorations of Working Within, and Against, Special Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Connor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the Disability Studies in Education (DSE conference as an example of expanding disability studies (DS. First, the origins, purpose, and history of the DSE conference are described as a valid alternative discipline to special education. Second, the following three questions are posed in relation to DSE scholars: (1 To what degree can we transgress within existing structures of teacher education and doctoral programs without being provided lip-service, coopted, or dismissed as ideological versus practical? (2 To what degree can we engage (and critique the field of special education within its journals and conferences—and provide a greater plurality of perspectives within them? And, (3 how can we strategize to widely circulate ideas within DSE throughout education and its related fields? Presentations from the 2012 DSE conference are analyzed, described, and used as a collective response to help answer these questions. Fourth, DSE scholars share post-conference thoughts on the future of DSE. Finally, the deep debt of DSE to DS is acknowledged, along with speculation about possible ways in which DSE may help inform the growth of DS.  Keywords: disability studies in education, critical special educators, teacher education, research in education, ideology

  7. Towards Inclusion: The Development of Provision for Children with Special Educational Needs in Ireland from 1991 to 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phadraig, Brian MacGiolla

    2007-01-01

    This article traces the development of policy in regard to the provision for children with special educational needs from the report of the Special Education Review Committee in 1993 to the enactment of the Education for Persons with Special Educational Needs Act in 2004. It begins with definitions of the terms special educational needs and pupils…

  8. The Voice of Special Education Math Students and Their Teachers: A Collaborative Approach to Specially Designed Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neese-Blackman, Chris J.

    2012-01-01

    The perception of high school special education math students and their teachers regarding the collaboration and provision of specially designed instruction was explored in this qualitative study. The theoretical framework proposed that a balance between constructivism and direct instruction within a student-centered classroom would encourage…

  9. Finally Making Good on the Promise of Qualitative Research in Special Education? A Response to the Special Issue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugach, Marleen C.; Mukhopadhyay, Ananya; Gomez-Najarro, Joyce

    2014-01-01

    In this response to the special issue, we would like to offer two additional considerations to the discourse on qualitative research and special education this issue is meant to catalyze. First, we would like to further problematize the question of why qualitative research continues to be so sparsely represented in most prominent publications of…

  10. Finally Making Good on the Promise of Qualitative Research in Special Education? A Response to the Special Issue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugach, Marleen C.; Mukhopadhyay, Ananya; Gomez-Najarro, Joyce

    2014-01-01

    In this response to the special issue, we would like to offer two additional considerations to the discourse on qualitative research and special education this issue is meant to catalyze. First, we would like to further problematize the question of why qualitative research continues to be so sparsely represented in most prominent publications of…

  11. Editorial: Special Issue: Emerging Research In Statistics Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Batanero

    2007-10-01

    , & Tversky, 1982. Statistics is one of the most widely taught topics at university level, where many service course students meet advanced stochastic thinking without any prior or concurrent experience of advanced algebra or calculus, so that didactical problems still persist at University level (Artigue, Batanero, & Kent, 2007. The diffusion of psychological reseach results and the increasingly easy access to powerful and user-friendly computers and statistical software, which save teaching time previously devoted to laborious calculations and allow a more intuitive approach to statistics (more real data, active learning, problem solving, and use of technology to illustrate abstract concepts through simulation led statistics lecturers to increase their attention towards didactical problems (see, e.g., Moore, 1997. Consequently, an increasing number of statisticians or lecturers of statistics with different professional backgrounds started to develop educational research with a specific interest in creating curricular materials and to evaluate the teaching and learning of statistics at university level. The influence of the International Association for Statistical Education (IASE, created in 1991, helped to establish links among the different communities interested in statistics education and to support a more systematic research program, particularly through its conferences and publications. I am consequently very pleased to introduce this special issue of the International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education (IEJME on Emerging Research in Statistics Education that can help expanding knowledge about the state of the art in this field among mathematics educators. The issue will present some of the Invited Papers dealing with research that were presented at the Seventh International Conference on Teaching Statistics (ICOTS-7, Salvador (Bahia, Brazil, 2006, http://www.maths.otago.ac.nz/icots7. The ICOTS conferences are the most important means of interchange that the

  12. Co-Teaching and Team Teaching: Promising Opportunities for Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers within the School Culture. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers-Administrators [AII-10

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    A collaborative school context can support novice special education teachers. Co-teaching and team teaching represent collaborative opportunities that can counteract the historic isolation of special education teachers. Co-teaching and team teaching--the focus of this Brief--also have the potential for supporting novice teacher socialization in…

  13. Orff-Schulwerk in Special Education: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Filianou

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the school year 2012-2013 a cross-curricular programme was designed by a class teacher and a music teacher in a school for children with special needs in Athens, Greece. The programme was based on the Carl Orff approach. The purpose of this article is to show the advantages and the effectiveness of the elemental music and movement approach when applied in a group of students with special educational needs in a public school for special education. The motivation of the cooperating teachers in selecting this specific group stemmed from the particular challenges that they were facing. The first challenge was the lack of homogeneity among the students. There were children with mental deficiencies, pervasive developmental disorders (autism and rare syndromes. The second challenge was that the programme focused on only one specific topic that sought to acquaint children with their body and how to relate to it through space and time. The final challenge was the use of music and movement as the main means of achieving the goals of this programme. The goals were both musical and non-musical. The outcomes of the programme were thought to be positive by both teachers. The students worked in a group and their cooperation increased progressively during the programme. They showed progress not only cognitively but also psychokinetically and socially. At the end of the school year, their progress was marked by their participation in the school festival, in a performance of music and movement, which was the result of their efforts all year.

  14. A Social Relational Model of Disability: A Theoretical Framework for Special Needs Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reindal, Solveig Magnus

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses various approaches to the phenomenon of disability in relation to special needs. Ever since disability researchers launched the social model of disability and criticised the field of special education for preserving an understanding of disability in accord with a medical model, the special education field has been in a state…

  15. Beginner Pre-Service Special Education Teachers' Learning Experience during Practicum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonis, Karen P.; Jernice, Tan Sing Yee

    2011-01-01

    In Singapore, training for pre-service special education (PSSE) teachers is supported by a ten-week special education teaching (SET) practicum process in special school setting. In the first four weeks of SET practicum PSSE teachers are familiarized with their pupils, class routines, school culture and administrative processes within the school.…

  16. A Social Relational Model of Disability: A Theoretical Framework for Special Needs Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reindal, Solveig Magnus

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses various approaches to the phenomenon of disability in relation to special needs. Ever since disability researchers launched the social model of disability and criticised the field of special education for preserving an understanding of disability in accord with a medical model, the special education field has been in a state…

  17. Research on the impact of higher education professionalization on specialized master education development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Wenfei

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper described the connotation and correlation that higher education and its professionalization have in social basis, education hierarchy design, and higher education carrier. It discussed two major problems that China is facing while developing its higher education professionalization—the ‘excessive emphasis’, and the ‘excessive overlook’. This paper also described the situation that specialized master education is experiencing under the background of complex and profound changes happening in the connotation of higher education professionalization: on one hand, the number of student enrollment is increasing in successive years and the range of subject category is also well expanding; on the other hand, no thorough understanding of professionalism has been established and further improvement is required in the emphasis on practical ability. Based on the above situation and background, this paper introduced the ‘1-3-3-4 Cultivating Mode’ as an idea for specialized master reform, aiming to make the cultivating mode of specialized master education more scientific, reasonable and orderly.

  18. The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for Children With Special Educational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipkin, Paul H; Okamoto, Jeffrey

    2015-12-01

    The pediatric health care provider has a critical role in supporting the health and well-being of children and adolescents in all settings, including early intervention (EI), preschool, and school environments. It is estimated that 15% of children in the United States have a disability. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act entitles every affected child in the United States from infancy to young adulthood to a free appropriate public education through EI and special education services. These services bolster development and learning of children with various disabilities. This clinical report provides the pediatric health care provider with a summary of key components of the most recent version of this law. Guidance is also provided to ensure that every child in need receives the EI and special education services to which he or she is entitled.

  19. Let the Children Have their Say: Children with Special Educational Needs and their Experiences of Physical Education--A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coates, Janine; Vickerman, Philip

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews literature examining the perspectives of children with special educational needs related to their experiences of Physical Education (PE). The extent to which literature addresses inclusion in PE was determined and emerging themes arising from consultation with children with special educational needs regarding PE were examined.…

  20. Effects of an Adapted Physical Education Teaching Model on Special Educator Teaching Approaches for Students with Low Incidence Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, Michael K.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a training package, which consisted of the Flex Grid Teaching Model along with adapted physical education consultation, on special education teacher instruction of functional motor skill acquisition instruction to secondary students with low incidence disabilities. Special education teachers…

  1. Perceptual Study of School Principals' Working Knowledge of Special Education and Schools' Level of Educational Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklin, Christine

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative research study was to determine the relationship between the schools principal's working knowledge of special education laws, diagnosis procedures, and instructional best practices a relates to the level of educational services within a school's special education department. To examine this relationship,…

  2. Effects of an Adapted Physical Education Teaching Model on Special Educator Teaching Approaches for Students with Low Incidence Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, Michael K.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a training package, which consisted of the Flex Grid Teaching Model along with adapted physical education consultation, on special education teacher instruction of functional motor skill acquisition instruction to secondary students with low incidence disabilities. Special education teachers…

  3. Compassion Fatigue among Secondary Special Education Teachers: A Case Study about Job Stress and Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Kimberly C.; Palladino, John M.

    2011-01-01

    In an age with increased teacher preparation requirements, and ever-growing student populations, a great need exists to adequately train and retain highly qualified special education teachers. Special Education is a profession that has long been plagued by shortages of qualified personnel. Many factors contribute to the shortfall of educators in…

  4. Beyond the Far Too Incessant Schism: Special Education and the Social Model of Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Deborah J.; Connor, David J.; Ferri, Beth A.

    2014-01-01

    Special education critics' vigorous appraisals of the social model of disability, along with their analysis of its implications for special education, provide a valuable forum for meaningful dialogue about how educators are to understand the nature of disability. In this article, we offer our response to their recent articles. As advocates of the…

  5. Voices of Students with Special Educational Needs (SEN): Views on Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prunty, Anita; Dupont, Maeve; McDaid, Rory

    2012-01-01

    As important decisions are being made with regard to educational legislation, policy and provision for children with special educational needs (SEN), it is critical that the views of these key stakeholders are heard and considered. This article reports the perspectives of 38 children and young people with special educational needs on their…

  6. Children with special educational needs in the Netherlands: number, characteristics and school career

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Veen, I.; Smeets, E.; Derriks, M.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Several barriers are hampering the provision of adequate education to students with special educational needs in mainstream primary schools. It is not clear how many and which students in the Netherlands are considered children with special educational needs. The problems that make

  7. 76 FR 40712 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Technology and Media Services for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Technology and Media Services for Individuals... Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ...

  8. Republication of "A Propensity Score Matching Analysis of the Effects of Special Education Services"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Paul L.; Frisco, Michelle L.; Farkas, George; Hibel, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    Since the landmark enactment of Education of the Handicapped Act in 1975, special education supports and services have been provided to children with disabilities. Although costly, the intentionality of these specialized services has been to advance the educational and societal opportunities of children with disabilities as they progress to…

  9. 75 FR 32164 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Regional...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Regional Interpreter....gpoaccess.gov/nara/index.html . Dated: June 2, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education...

  10. 75 FR 27318 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation Capacity....gpoaccess.gov/nara/index.html . Dated: May 11, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education...

  11. Pre-Service Special Education Teachers Acceptance and Use of ICT: A Structural Equation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeni, Sabiha; Gecu-Parmaksiz, Zeynep

    2016-01-01

    Information and communication technology (ICT) supported education helps the individuals with special educational needs to take their attention to the course content and to concentrate their attention on the task they need to perform. The mechanical advantages of ICT tools make them attractive for individuals with special educational needs. If…

  12. 76 FR 780 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute on... exceeding $800,000 for a single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special Education...

  13. 75 FR 34298 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Vocational...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    .... 75, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 16, 2010 / Notices#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Vocational Rehabilitation Services Projects for... Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P ...

  14. The Affordances and Constraints of Special Education Initial Teacher Licensure Policy for Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanton, Linda P.; Boveda, Mildred; Munoz, Lorena R.; Pugach, Marleen C.

    2017-01-01

    Initial licensure polices in special education were examined to determine how these policies support or hinder reform efforts to develop teacher education programs that prepare graduates for the increasingly complex needs of diverse students. Initial special education licensure policies are described with an emphasis on the differences across…

  15. Envisioning the Future of Special Education Personnel Preparation in a Standards-Based Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leko, Melinda M.; Brownell, Mary T.; Sindelar, Paul T.; Kiely, Mary Theresa

    2015-01-01

    The authors consider the future of special education personnel preparation by responding to an overarching question: "What frameworks might teacher educators use as a basis to promote special education teacher effective performance now and in the future?" In answering this question, they summarize current trends in the context of…

  16. Cultural and Linguistic Diversity and Special Education: A Case Study of One Mother's Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steeley, Sherry L.; Lukacs, Karrin

    2015-01-01

    Special education services have seen great improvement since the passage of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) in 1975, but culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) families still face exceptional challenges when advocating for special education services for their children (Artiles & Harry, 2006; Palawat & May,…

  17. Special Education Teachers' Supervision of Paraeducators: A Quantitative Study of Team Sharedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panitz, Beth L.

    2012-01-01

    Paraeducators, also known as paraprofessionals or teaching assistants, provide special education services for students with disabilities under the supervision of special education teachers. Despite legal requirements that paraeducators work under the direct supervision of teachers, teacher education programs lack research-based evidence to design…

  18. Revisiting the Trajectories of Special Teacher Education in China through Policy and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Mu, Guanglun Michael

    2014-01-01

    The preparation, recruitment, work, and career of teachers are important in education. This is no exemption for special education. However, the shortage of qualified teachers serving students with disabilities has long been an international problem. In China, both the quantity and the quality of special education teachers are of concern. This…

  19. The IEP Meeting: Perceptions of Parents of Students Who Receive Special Education Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish, Wade W.

    2008-01-01

    The author investigated parental perceptions of the individualized education program (IEP) meeting among 51 parents of students who were receiving special education services from 1 family support service agency. Survey questions pertained to the following areas: (a) IEP meeting experiences, (b) knowledge level of special education law, (c)…

  20. Examination on ICT Integration into Special Education Schools for Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aksal, Fahriye Altinay; Gazi, Zehra Altinay

    2015-01-01

    Information, communication and technology (ICT) is a bridge in fostering learning who have special needs in education. It becomes a medium of connecting their way of lives and their socialization within education life. Integration of ICT plays a great role in special education. Most of the developing countries pay attention to ICT practices in…

  1. New Models for Re-forming Special Education. DISES Volume 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, David, Ed.; Kugelmass, Judy, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    The seven articles in this monograph explore the relationship between legislation and policies/regulations directed at the education of students with special educational needs, and actual practices in schools and classrooms. The first article, "The Impact of Special Education Legislation on Schooling: A United States Perspective" (Mary Lynn…

  2. Special Education Disabilities and Juvenile Delinquency: A Unique Challenge for School Social Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallett, Christopher A.; Stoddard-Dare, Patricia; Workman-Crewnshaw, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    In pursuit of their mission to augment the educational process, school social workers provide service to special education students and to youths at risk for juvenile delinquency. This paper builds on previous literature that has looked at the relationship between special education disabilities and youths offending behaviors and delinquency. In…

  3. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  4. Children with special educational needs in the Netherlands: number, characteristics and school career

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Veen, I.; Smeets, E.; Derriks, M.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Several barriers are hampering the provision of adequate education to students with special educational needs in mainstream primary schools. It is not clear how many and which students in the Netherlands are considered children with special educational needs. The problems that make teach

  5. Historical and Legal Overview of Special Education Overrepresentation: Access and Equity Denied

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Donna Y.; Russo, Charles J.

    2016-01-01

    The history of the denial of equal education opportunities to Black children is a long one, whether through racial segregation or overrepresentation in special education. No other group is as overreferred, overidentified, and overrepresented in special education as Black students, specifically Black males. The authors present an historical and…

  6. Classroom Interaction in Regular and Special Education Middle Primary Classrooms in the United Arab Emirates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dukmak, Samir

    2010-01-01

    Samir Dukmak is an assistant professor in the Department of Special Education in the Faculty of Education at the United Arab Emirates University. The research reported in this article investigated the frequency, types of and reasons for student-initiated interactions in both regular and special education classrooms in the United Arab Emirates…

  7. Special Education Teacher Retention and Attrition: The Impact of Increased Legal Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nance, Erica; Calabrese, Raymond L.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the reasons current or former tenured special education teachers in a Local Education Agency remain or leave their special education teaching positions through the theoretical perspectives of organizational learning and organizational culture. The paper aims to describe the influence of increased…

  8. International Distance Learning in Special Education: A Program Evaluation of a US-Ecuador Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, Rebekah

    2010-01-01

    The internationalization of distance learning in special education is at a pivotal point in expansion. Even with concerted efforts through traditional means to increase the supply of special educators, shortages persist; therefore, teacher preparation programs are turning to online education. This dissertation study was a formative program…

  9. Research in Special Education from the Perspective of a Country in Development: Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuecher, Uwe; Suarez, Jose

    2000-01-01

    This article describes problems affecting special education services in developing counties where economic challenges have harsh consequences on health, education, and welfare and force difficult ethical choices. Special education efforts in Ecuador are used as examples to describe inherent problems and give inspiration toward developing potential…

  10. International Distance Learning in Special Education: A Program Evaluation of a US-Ecuador Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, Rebekah

    2010-01-01

    The internationalization of distance learning in special education is at a pivotal point in expansion. Even with concerted efforts through traditional means to increase the supply of special educators, shortages persist; therefore, teacher preparation programs are turning to online education. This dissertation study was a formative program…

  11. Pedagogical strategies and evaluations used with target audience students of Special Education according to the account of the ordinary and special education teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielli Silva Gualda

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the account of common classroom teachers on the teaching strategies used with the possible target audience students of special education (TASSE before forwarding them to the specialized educational service (SES in multifunctional resource classrooms (MRCs, as well as analyses the evaluation criteria established with those who came to receive such service, and the account of special education teachers about the assessments used with the TASSE, after receiving the SES in MRCs. For data collection, two interview scripts were used, one of which was answered by 30 ordinary classroom teachers and the other by five special education teachers. The results suggested that the pedagogical strategies and assessments directed at the TASSE were decisive factors to identify whether the policy proposals related to inclusive education were being effectively implemented in elementary schools.

  12. Dental education and special-needs patients: challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McTigue, Dennis J

    2007-01-01

    Pediatric dentists have, by tradition and default, provided care for persons with special health care needs (PSHCN), regardless of age. Deinstitutionalization of PSHCN in the 1960s, however, overwhelmed the dental care system, and oral health care became one of the greatest unmet needs of this population. This presentation follows the history of training for dentists in this aspect of care, from the first demonstration programs in the 1970s to the current educational programs in U.S. dental schools. Today's dental students must be competent in assessing the treatment needs of PSHCN, but accreditation standards do not require competency in the treatment of this group of patients. Recommendations to rectify this include revising dental school curricula to be more patient-centered, improving technology in schools, earlier clinical experiences for dental students, and the use of community-based clinics.

  13. A Conceptual Framework for Building UDL in a Special Education Distance Education Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, LaRon; Temple, Peter

    2017-01-01

    Online graduate programs have been increasing in number and attendance over the past decade. Ensuring that the quality of teacher preparation programs is maintained in an online learning environment is essential. After reviewing the pedagogies of both special education and online learning, it was determined that Universal Design for Learning (UDL)…

  14. A Comparison of Burnout among Honors, Regular Education, and Special Education K-8 Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpe, Christopher

    2017-01-01

    This study employed a quantitative, ex-post facto non-experimental design to examine the effect of whether teaching honors, regular, or special education classes in either an elementary or middle school setting influenced the experience of teacher burnout. Participants included 69 teachers from two counties in a Southern state. The study survey…

  15. Co-Teaching and Team Teaching: Promising Practices for Special Education Teacher Induction. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Teacher Educators [TEII-6

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Co-teaching and team teaching represent collaborative opportunities that can counteract the historic isolation of special education teachers. They also have the potential for supporting novice teacher socialization in the school setting. More knowledge is needed to realize the benefit of these approaches in the context of induction. This Brief…

  16. First Year Challenges: Using the Concerns of Novice Special Education Teachers to Inform Preservice Practices. Induction Insights. Supporting Special Education Teachers - Teacher Educators [TEII-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The learning curve is high for novice special education teachers. They must assume full teaching responsibilities while at the same time becoming familiar with district and school policies, curriculum, and assessment policies and procedures. They are expected to build relationships with administrators, teachers, paraprofessionals, families, and…

  17. Building Resilience in Students at the Intersection of Special Education and Foster Care: Challenges, Strategies, and Resources for Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Parker; Folkman, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to inform educators (general educators, special educators, teacher educators, and administrators) about ways to teach, advocate for, and empower students with disabilities who are also engaged in the foster care system. The conclusion includes authors' suggestions for how teacher educators might incorporate the…

  18. 34 CFR 300.534 - Protections for children not determined eligible for special education and related services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... special education and related services. 300.534 Section 300.534 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES... children not determined eligible for special education and related services. (a) General. A child who has...

  19. A Survey of Special Educators' Awareness of, Experiences with, and Attitudes toward Nonverbal Communication Aids in the Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrewsbury, Rosemary G.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Results of surveys completed by 237 special educators indicate respondents' limited awareness, understanding, and experiences with nonverbal communication aids. Results have implications for preservice and continuing education programs for special educators. (Author/CL)

  20. Microcomputer-Based Assessment of Preservice Special Education Teachers. Project STEEL. A Special Project To Develop and Implement a Computer-Based Special Teacher Education and Evaluation Laboratory. Volume I. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Theodore W.; And Others

    The document is part of the final report on Project STEEL (Special Teacher Education and Evaluation Laboratory) intended to extend the utilization of technology in the training of preservice special education teachers. This volume focuses on the first of four project objectives, the development and implementation of a microcomputer-based…

  1. Inclusive Education across Europe: Reflections upon 10 Years of Work from the European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meijer, Cor; Soriano, Victoria; Watkins, Amanda

    2007-01-01

    The European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education is an independent, self-governing organization established in 1996 by member countries to act as a platform for collaboration in the field of special needs education among the 28 member and observer countries. The Agency's ultimate aim is to improve policy and practice for learners…

  2. A Review of Special Education Services Delivery in the United States and Nigeria: Implications for Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, Eskay; Onu, Victoria; Janeth, Igbo

    2012-01-01

    Both Nigeria and the United States represent developing and developed countries respectively, and special education policy between these two countries are different. Both countries have contributed to help learners with exceptionalities in their policies. These policies help in the formulation and implementation of special education programmes for…

  3. Programs and Practices for Special Education Students in Alternative Education Settings. Research to Practice Brief. Volume 6, Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unruh, Deanne; Bullis, Michael; Todis, Bonnie; Waintrup, Miriam; Atkins, Trent

    2007-01-01

    This brief presents a review of alternative education programs targeting students with disabilities. Because there is no clear picture of how alternative education programs operate, specifically regarding youth with disabilities, the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) funded three grants to develop a…

  4. Special Education Teacher Preparation in Classroom Management: Implications for Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Regina M.; Reschly, Daniel J.

    2010-01-01

    Special education teachers' skills with classroom organization and behavior management affect the emergence and persistence of behavior problems as well as the success of inclusive practice for students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD). Adequate special education teacher preparation and strong classroom organization and behavior…

  5. Burnout, Job Satisfaction and Instructional Assignment-Related Sources of Stress in Greek Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platsidou, Maria; Agaliotis, Ioannis

    2008-01-01

    In the literature concerning Greek special education teachers, there is little evidence regarding the perceived levels of burnout, job satisfaction, and job-related stress factors. The present study focused on the above issues. A sample of 127 Greek special education teachers at the primary school level was tested with the Maslach Burnout…

  6. A Program Evaluation of the Special Education Mentor Training in South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Ann Marie H.

    2013-01-01

    Retaining effective teachers is a challenge in every classroom, but nowhere more than in special education classrooms. The purpose of the study was to conduct a program evaluation using archival data that were collected as a part of the Special Education Advanced Mentor Training (SEAMT) in South Carolina. Drawing on Erikson's Intimacy vs.…

  7. Consultation in Special Needs Education in Sweden and Finland: A Comparative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundqvist, Christel; von Ahlefeld Nisser, Désirée; Ström, Kristina

    2014-01-01

    The article compares the conditions and implementation of special education professionals' consulting task in Sweden and Finland. The article first describes the background of the consulting teacher role and special education in Sweden and in Finland. Two different perspectives in the continuum on consultation are presented, followed by a…

  8. Critical Race Theory, Disability Microaggressions and Latina/o Student Experiences in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dávila, Brianne

    2015-01-01

    This research draws upon critical race theory (CRT) to explore the experiences of Latina/o students in special education. It seeks to extend the theoretical construct of racial microaggressions and illustrate the additional layer of disability as I present data that are particular to the context of special education and the assigned label of…

  9. Perceptions of Special Education Doctoral Websites: A Multiyear Investigation of Website Usability and Navigability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundeen, Todd; Garland, Krista Vince; Wienke, Wilfred

    2015-01-01

    Today's graduate students are highly skilled in using technology, so university websites are often the most influential resource students access for gathering information about university programs. Graduate students in special education reviewed select university and special education doctoral program websites across the United States. An…

  10. Critical Race Theory, Disability Microaggressions and Latina/o Student Experiences in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dávila, Brianne

    2015-01-01

    This research draws upon critical race theory (CRT) to explore the experiences of Latina/o students in special education. It seeks to extend the theoretical construct of racial microaggressions and illustrate the additional layer of disability as I present data that are particular to the context of special education and the assigned label of…

  11. The Odd Man Out: How Fathers Navigate the Special Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Tracy Gershwin; Buckley, Pamela C.

    2014-01-01

    Research about parent experiences with the special education system is largely dominated by the perspectives of mothers. Using purposeful sampling techniques, we interviewed 20 active fathers about their experiences navigating the special education system. All the fathers described three primary roles they experienced, including acting as a…

  12. A Case-Based Curriculum Approach to Special Education Teacher Preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Peggy L.; Baker, Barbara K.

    1999-01-01

    Describes how Metropolitan State College of Denver, a large undergraduate institution, developed and implemented a case-based special-education curriculum approach to special-education teacher preparation. Of 20 students prepared using the case-based method, 19 have successfully passed the State of Colorado mandated teacher competency test.…

  13. The Standards Agenda: Reflections of a Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glazzard, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    This study is a life history account of Bev, a special educational needs co-ordinator who works in a primary school in England. The research examines how, within Bev's experiences, the discourses of integration and inclusion have affected learners with special educational needs. Additionally, the study examines the impact of the…

  14. An Investigation of Social Support and Burnout among Special Education Teachers in the United Arab Emirates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bataineh, Osamah; Alsagheer, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating which source of social support (supervisors, colleagues, friends, spouse, or family) would be most effective in reducing burnout among special education teachers. A sample of 300 special education teachers (50 males and 250 females) completed Burnout and Sources of Social Support questionnaires. Pearson…

  15. Managerial Behavior of Special Education, Elementary, and Secondary Principals: An Empirical Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, Jean; Reyes, Pedro

    Findings of this study of the managerial behavior of special education principals are compared with findings of other studies of managerial behavior of elementary and secondary principals. Mintzberg's theoretical model of administrative behavior (1973) was applied to special education principals. Five structured observations were conducted with…

  16. Warnock or Warlock? The Sorcery of Definitions: The Limitations of the Report on Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Ian; Vulliamy, Graham

    1980-01-01

    The authors critique the Warnock Report on Special Education for its limited focus, the nature of the evidence used, and its conclusions and recommendations about classifying and identifying students in need of special education services, which the authors feel deal too exclusively with psychological and medical issues, ignoring social contexts.…

  17. Pre-Service Special Education Teachers' Professionalism and Preparation in Terms of Child Sexual Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Zboon, Eman; Ahmad, Jamal

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed at examining Jordanian pre-service special education teachers' professionalism and preparation on the topic of child sexual abuse (CSA). Qualitative research data from interviews with 20 pre-service special education teachers were analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed that these participants generally hold avoiding…

  18. Special Education Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Their Professional World: Motives, Roles, and Expectations from Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavish, Bella

    2017-01-01

    To open a window into perceptions entailed in the professional world view of special education teacher trainees, three research questions were developed: (a) What are their motives for joining the profession? (b) How do they perceive the role of the special education teacher? and (c) What are their expectations from teacher training? The research…

  19. Relation of Character Strengths to Personal Teaching Efficacy in Korean Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Young-Jin; Kim, Mi-Na

    2014-01-01

    Many factors that may affect personal teaching efficacy (PTE) of special education teachers have been discovered. However, little is known about the relationship between character strengths (CS) and PTE in them. This study aimed to investigate CS in relation to PTE in Korean special education teachers. Character Strengths Test-Short Form (CST-SF)…

  20. An Analysis of Teacher Sorting in Secondary Special Education and Alternative Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason-Williams, Loretta; Gagnon, Joseph Calvin

    2017-01-01

    This study provides nationally representative information about the qualifications and preparation of secondary content and special education teachers in special education and alternative school settings, as compared with teachers in regular schools. Findings demonstrate that a statistically significant relationship did not exist between school…