WorldWideScience

Sample records for volume iv number

  1. Culture of Schools. Final Report. Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC.

    The final volume of this 4-volume report contains further selections from "Anthropological Perspectives on Education," a monograph to be published by Basic Books of New York. (Other selections are in Vol. III, SP 003 902.) Monograph selections appearing in this volume are: "Great Tradition, Little Tradition, and Formal Education;""Indians,…

  2. New Trends in Mathematics Teaching, Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, H. G., Ed.; Christiansen, Bent, Ed.

    This volume is largely based upon the preparation for and proceedings of the Third International Congress on Mathematical Education (ICME) held in Karlsruhe, Federal Republic of Germany, in August 1976. The volume deals with 13 broad themes of general educational interest for mathematics teachers and educators. Six of these themes divided the…

  3. The WSTIAC Quarterly. Volume 9, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-28

    elements of command– Major Eric D. Trias Captain Bryan M. Bell US Air Force You have to know the past to understand the present. — Carl Sagan This article is...Quarterly, Volume 9, Number 4 3 INTRODUCTION Carl von Clausewitz defined war as “…an act of violence intended to compel our opponent to fulfill our will...controlled systems. NOTES & REFERENCES ‡ Joint Pub 3-13 provides the doctrinal foundation for the conduct of IO in joint operations. [1] von Clausewitz, Carl

  4. Biological Effects of Nonionizing Electromagnetic Radiation. Volume IV. Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-01

    syndrome; his condition was 6408 THE ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF BONE HEAL- not recognized on diagnosis as an occupation-related ING. (Dij.) Watson , J...PHENOMENA. bones) to each of four cathode wires. A stainless (Enq.) Watson , J. (Electrical Engineering steel grid anode was used on the skin surface. Of Dept...flector showed only a slight Increase. In a third Shielded mice were placed 25 cm (2 wavelengths) aport experiment, an inflated rubber sphere with a

  5. Biological Effects of Nonionizing Electromagnetic Radiation. Volume IV. Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    B.: Johnson, R.: Frazer, J. W (Dept. Diagnosis, Dental Sch., Univ. Frazer, J. W ;Reis, R BullNYAcadMed 55(11): 1222- Texas Health Science Center, San...frying, meat cooking, pasta drying, fish thawing, microwave ovens in the United Kingdom. Two of the poultry cooking, and vacuum drying. Non-food ap

  6. Naval Research Reviews. Volume 39, Number 3,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    is our hope that the general critical period. ’ ’, form of modifiability we require to construct distributed map- Most kittens first open their eves...AVERAG C of GAD-positive puncta in 12 unilaterally enucleated kittens . 7- The band of layer IV puncta remained uniform even though the periods of...consistent or significant difference between either the binocular segments of enucleated and con- 0 0 0 7GR trol kittens , or the monocular segments

  7. European Science Notes. Volume 40, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-01

    of a number of ma- determining androgens, estrogens, and lignant blood diseases (such as leuke- prolactin in blood plasma, and androgen mia) the use...RehabilitatioConcern for the situation of dis- that lactobacilli in foods such as a olen inr the stheatonofds h yogurt, cheese , sausage, and sauerkraut

  8. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 6,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-30

    cost of your call after you had detailed study. punched out the desired number. The If anyone was undei the illusion call would be put through only...off the northwest coast of Mauri- with biologists from the University- tania (formerly French West Africa). of Barcelong, they have identified A...are when they leave the rivers for the covered with clean sand taken from sea, and the mean temperature in the beaches above the higher high water area

  9. Albanian: Basic Course. Volume IV, Lessons 37-46.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.

    This fourth of ten volumes of audiolingual classroom instruction in Albanian for adult students treats Albanian grammar, syntax, and usage in a series of exercises consisting of grammar perception drills, grammar analysis, translation exercises, readings, question-and-answer exercises, and dialogues illustrating specific grammatical features. A…

  10. ASM News Volume 71 Number 9, 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamar Barkay and Barth F. Smets

    2005-01-01

    Genetic exchanges among prokaryotes, formerly considered only a marginal phenomenon, increasingly are being viewed as profoundly affecting evolution. Indeed, some researchers argue for utterly revamping our concept of microbial speciation and phylogeny by replacing the traditional ''tree'' with a newer ''net'' to account for these horizontal transfers of genes. This conceptual ferment is occurring while molecular biologists reveal how horizontal gene transfers occur even as microbes protect the integrity of their genomes. Other studies reveal the number and diversity and abundance of genetic elements that mediate horizontal gene transfers (HGTs) or facilitate genome rearrangements, deletions, and insertions. Taken together, this information suggests that microbial communities collectively possess a dynamic gene pool, where novel genetic combinations act as a driving force in genomic innovation, compensating individual microbial species for their inability to reproduce sexually. These microbial genomic dynamics can present both environmental threats and promise to humans. One major threat, for example, comes from the spread of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes among pathogenic microbes. Another less-documented issue involves transgenic plants and animals, whose uses are being restricted because of concerns that genes may be transferred to untargeted organisms where they might cause harm. A possible benefit from HGT comes from its potential to enhance the functional diversity of microbial communities and to improve their performance in changing or extreme environments. Such changes might be exploited, for example, as part of efforts to manage environmental pollution and might be achieved by spreading genes into resident microbes to confer specific biochemical activities.

  11. The Journal of the Society for Accelerative Learning and Teaching. (Volume 5, Numbers 3 through Volume 6, Number 4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of the Society for Accelerative Learning and Teaching, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Numbers 3 and 4 of volume 5 and numbers 1 through 4 of volume 6 of the journal, spanning fall 1980 through winter 1981, include articles concerning the individualized study center; consciousness, psychology, and education; suggestive-accelerative learning and suggestopedia; creativity; brain lateralization; the Lozanov method; biofeedback and…

  12. The Journal of the Society for Accelerative Learning and Teaching. (Volume 5, Numbers 3 through Volume 6, Number 4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of the Society for Accelerative Learning and Teaching, 1981

    1981-01-01

    Numbers 3 and 4 of volume 5 and numbers 1 through 4 of volume 6 of the journal, spanning fall 1980 through winter 1981, include articles concerning the individualized study center; consciousness, psychology, and education; suggestive-accelerative learning and suggestopedia; creativity; brain lateralization; the Lozanov method; biofeedback and…

  13. OTEC SKSS preliminary designs. Volume IV. Appendixes. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ,

    1980-02-29

    This volume contains appendices to the Station Keeping Subsystem design study for the 40 MeW Modular Experiment OTEC platforms. Appendices presented include: detailed drag calculations; sample CALMS computer printouts for SPAR and BARGE static analyses; sample time domain computer printouts (Hydromechanics, Inc.) program; extreme value and fatigue load calculations; anchor design calculations; deployment calculations; bottom slope plots; time domain analysis report by Hydromechanics Inc.; detailed cost analysis; control systems study report by Sperry Systems Management; cost estimates for model basin tests; and hydrodynamic loading on the mooring cables. (WHK)

  14. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 65, Number 4, October 1926

    Science.gov (United States)

    1926-10-01

    TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 65, Number 4, October 1926 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER...have ordered tl].e new, position consolidated and held from the outset, especially ,as so mucl ~ stress had been laid on its importance in connection...means of conduct of com- bined naval and aerial war against commerce without disregard of international law will be by means of agreements or contracts

  15. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – Volume IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neven Duić

    2016-12-01

    In total 32 manuscripts were published in Volume IV, all of them reviewed by at least two reviewers. The Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems would like to thank reviewers for their contribution to the quality of the published manuscripts.

  16. Underground Test Area Subproject Phase I Data Analysis Task. Volume IV - Hydrologic Parameter Data Documentation Package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1996-09-01

    Volume IV of the documentation for the Phase I Data Analysis Task performed in support of the current Regional Flow Model, Transport Model, and Risk Assessment for the Nevada Test Site Underground Test Area Subproject contains the hydrologic parameter data. Because of the size and complexity of the model area, a considerable quantity of data was collected and analyzed in support of the modeling efforts. The data analysis task was consequently broken into eight subtasks, and descriptions of each subtask's activities are contained in one of the eight volumes that comprise the Phase I Data Analysis Documentation.

  17. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 67, Number 4, October 1927

    Science.gov (United States)

    1927-10-01

    THE COAST ARTILLERY JOURNAL Volume 67 OCTOBER, 1927 Number 4 The Beginnings of Coast Fortifications By EDGAR B. WESLEY THE general policy of...the time were withdrawing from l\\ew York to Boston to reinforce the troops there, Marinus Willett, aided by John Morin Scott and others, seized the...Long Island. On September 15, the battalion, as part of General John Morin Scott’s brigade, participated in the retreat from l\\ew York. In October and

  18. Inventory of Federal energy-related environment and safety research for FY 1977. Volume IV. Indices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-07-01

    This volume contains indexes useful for accessing projects contained in the FY 1977 Federal Inventory. The indexing has been greatly broadened this year to provide hard copy users with greater flexibility in locating projects. The Inventory projects are printed sequentially by log number. An inventory log number is a unique number assigned to each project from a block of numbers set aside for each agency. The association of agencies with blocks of log numbers is found in the table of contents of the Index (Volume III).

  19. World Energy Data System (WENDS). Volume IV. Country data, SG-YO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-06-01

    The World Energy Data System contains organized data on those countries and international organizations that may have critical impact on the world energy scene. Included in this volume, Vol. IV, are Senegal, South Africa, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Upper Volta, Venezuela, and Yugoslavia. The following topics are covered for most of the countries: economic, demographic, and educational profiles; energy policy; indigenous energy resources and uses; forecasts, demand, exports, imports of energy supplies; environmental considerations of energy supplies; power production facilities; energy industries; commercial applications of energy; research and development activities of energy; and international activities.

  20. Type-IV DCT, DST, and MDCT algorithms with reduced numbers of arithmetic operations

    CERN Document Server

    Shao, Xuancheng

    2007-01-01

    We present algorithms for the type-IV discrete cosine transform (DCT-IV) and discrete sine transform (DST-IV), as well as for the modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) and its inverse, that achieve a lower count of real multiplications and additions than previously published algorithms, without sacrificing numerical accuracy. Asymptotically, the operation count is reduced from ~2NlogN to ~(17/9)NlogN for a power-of-two transform size N. These results are derived by considering the DCT to be a special case of a DFT of length 8N, with certain symmetries, and then pruning redundant operations from a recent improved fast Fourier transform algorithm (based on a recursive rescaling of the conjugate-pair split radix algorithm). The improved algorithms for DST-IV and MDCT follow immediately from the improved count for the DCT-IV.

  1. Planning manual for energy resource development on Indian lands. Volume IV. The environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-03-01

    Many Indian tribes own rich deposits of very valuable energy resources. Existing and proposed uses of these tribal resources range from limited development of small oil and gas fields to large-scale extraction and conversion of coal, uranium, and oil shale. The adverse environmental impacts of such projects may create a conflict between a tribe's environmental policies and its economic, employment, and other long-term goals. The purpose of this volume is to provide tribal decision makers with reference documents on the mechanisms that are available to resolve such conflicts. This report focuses on the role of existing environmental laws in enabling tribes to achieve the needed balance among its objectives. Over a dozen major Federal statutes have been enacted to achieve this purpose. One law, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), provides procedures to ensure that environmental factors are included in the Federal decision-making process. Numerous other laws, such as the Clean Air Act, have been enacted to prevent or control any negative environmental impacts of actual projects. This volume documents the key provisions of the laws and regulations, and discusses their effectiveness in meeting total needs. Also, tribal options to strengthen these mechanisms are highlighted. Sections II and III report on the role of NEPA in tribal development decisions. Section IV reviews those laws and regulations that control project operations.

  2. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 61, Number 5, November 1924

    Science.gov (United States)

    1924-11-01

    furnished by the ",yorld ",Yar that ignarance and ineffi- ciency cannat be hidden by rudeness 0𔃻’ sarcasm , but, an the can- trary, that efficiency is...34 EI - friede." (See Fig. 6.) However, only 15 were ever produced and as only 25 captured Mark IV’s were repaired, their Tank Corps did not amount to

  3. Army Communicator. Volume 32, Number 1, Winter 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    vehicular configurations (HMMWV, Abrams , Bradley, etc.,), Class IV Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, and rotary-wing aircraft such as the Apache, Chinook, and...or to request a virtual extension campus, contact Floyd Orial, Lifelong Learning Center LWN-eU Signal Extension Campus Coordi- nator, (contractor

  4. Support for Oceanography Magazine Volume 19, Number 1: Advances in Computational Oceanography Volume 19, Number 3: The Japan/East Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    Support for Oceanography Magazine Volume 19, Number 1: Advances in Computational Oceanography Volume 19, Number 3: The Japan/East Sea Jennifer...computational oceanography and disseminate this information internationally through distribution of Oceanography magazine in print and on The Oceanography...distribution of Oceanography magazine in print and on The Oceanography Society website. OBJECTIVES Activity A: To produce an issue of Oceanography

  5. The relationship between trading volumes, number of transactions, and stock volatility in GARCH models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaishi, Tetsuya; Chen, Ting Ting

    2016-08-01

    We examine the relationship between trading volumes, number of transactions, and volatility using daily stock data of the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Following the mixture of distributions hypothesis, we use trading volumes and the number of transactions as proxy for the rate of information arrivals affecting stock volatility. The impact of trading volumes or number of transactions on volatility is measured using the generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH) model. We find that the GARCH effects, that is, persistence of volatility, is not always removed by adding trading volumes or number of transactions, indicating that trading volumes and number of transactions do not adequately represent the rate of information arrivals.

  6. Fluidized-bed combustion 1000-hour test program. Volume IV. Engineering details and post-test inspections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, A. G.; Barker, S. N.; Phillips, R. N.; Pillai, K. K.; Raven, P.; Wood, P.

    1981-09-01

    Volume IV of the report on the 1000 hour programme consists of three appendices giving details of the enginmering/construction aspects of the plant and reports from Stal-Laval Turbin A.B. Appendix N has been entered individually. (LTN)

  7. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 64, Number 5, May 1926

    Science.gov (United States)

    1926-05-01

    Pendleton, G.l, Divisional General Staff. Appleton. 1918, 3.50 Pryor, Naval Hygiene . Blakiston. 1918 $3.00 Simonds, History of the World War. Vol. IV...of "Lucius Cincinnatus" takes up the subject of the "agenda" or protocol that has been prepared for representatives of the various nations concerned...Perfect Permanent Wave Nestle’s Circuline Process Hair Drl’$sinK, Shampooinl, Facial and Scalp Mas5agint, ,AIanicurin(, Permanent rave, MaTc~l Chiropody

  8. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 72, Number 2, February 1930

    Science.gov (United States)

    1930-02-01

    Oliver H. Gilbert, 3rd, from Fort MacArthur, to Philippines, sail San Francisco, February 8. 2nd Lieut. Paul H. Johnston, transferred to Air Corps...Survival of a People (IV), The Serbian Rereat from the Danube to the Adriatic.-By Maj. F. Delvaux . The Use of the 76-mm. Trench Mortar (conclusion).-By...A Day on the Defensive (Part 8).-By Col. B. E. M. Janssens. The Survival of a People (Part 5).-By Maj. F. Delvaux . The Principal Lessons of the

  9. A Study of Number Conservation With Tasks Which Vary in Length, Area and Volume. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taranto, Maria; Mermelstein, Egon

    The objective of this study was an attempt to clarify the nature of number conservation with number conservation tasks using variations in length, area, and volume. According to Piagetian theory, conservation is attained successively for number, length, area, and, finally, volume. It was hypothesized that success on the number conservation tasks…

  10. The Guardian. Volume 10, Number 2, Winter 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    predominantly DOD LE program that successfully combines joint and interagency training is CIFA’s Defense Academy for Credibility Assessment ( DACA ...Environment 29 How Is Your Antiterrorism Program Doing, and Where Is It Headed? 32 Terminology to Define the Terrorists: Recommendations from... PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES

  11. Council on Anthropology and Education Newsletter. Volume III, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singleton, John Ed.

    General information on format, included, materials, broad concerns, objectives, and availability of the newsletter are described in Volume I, ED 048 049. This issue focuses on ethnology, offering two papers presented at the American Anthropological Association symposiums. The lead paper presents a psycho-cultural developmental approach to the…

  12. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 16, Number 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-11-01

    in smooth end Structures Volume 1. Speid Topics in Eartquake .. turbulent single-vibration testing of reactor components Ground Motioe including... Mexico , Albuquerque, NM 87131, seatingoperationsduringInstallation. Shock Vib. Bull., No. 54, Pt. 2, pp 143-153 (June 1984) 4 figs, 11 refs (Proc

  13. Naval War College Review. Volume 63, Number 3, Summer 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    last opera- tional assignment was as chief of staff for Cruiser- Destroyer Group 3. His most recent book is Leave No Man Behind: The Saga of Combat...actions leading from the end of the First World War until May 1940, the end of what he called the “ Twilight War.” All six volumes are masterful

  14. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 54, Number 4, December 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Web, which search engine spiders cannot index.27 What Do Policymakers Want? Policymakers require informa- tion as much as ever, but the IC is no...the blue sky in the direction of Korea saying, “Ah, Fatherland, my liberated Fatherland!” Volume II: Sabotaging American Machinations Chon’s moment...June], Bookshelf) Rome’s Wars in Parthia: Blood in the Sand by Rose Mary Sheldon (54 3 [September], Bookshelf) Shadows On The Mountains: The Allies

  15. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Volume 17, Number 5, May 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2009 2010...timeliness of reporting vary by facility. Navy Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter ...facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B

  16. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 20, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Attributes of USAF MQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper Pilots According to Subject Matter Experts. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH: Air Force Research Laboratory ; May...the brain caused by a sud - den external force. Surveillance of TBIs among U.S. military members is conducted by monitoring numbers and rates of TBI...signifi cant fi ndings; this result could be due in part to limited numbers of laboratory -confi rmed infl uenza infections during the periods of

  17. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Volume 16, Number 6, June 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Campylo- bacter Giardia Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009...Completeness and timeliness of reporting vary by facility Reporting locations Number of reports all events† Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter

  18. Naval Postgraduate School Research. Volume 10, Number 1, February 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-02-01

    Astronautics is the 1999 recipient of the Carl E. and Jessie W. Menneken Annual Faculty Award for Excel- lence in Scientific Research. Dr. Kaminer has...2000. D. Grove, D. Hansen, G. Hobson, and D. Schnorenberg, “Effect of Reynolds Number on Separa- tion Bubbles on Controlled-Diffusion Compressor

  19. Investigations in Mathematics Education. Volume 17, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suydam, Marilyn N., Ed.; Kasten, Margaret L., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    This issue of "Investigations in Mathematics Education" contains: (1) a review of E. Fischbein's book "The Intuitive Sources of Probabilistic Thinking in Children;" (2) nine abstracts of research studies in mathematics education; (3) a list (by EJ number) of mathematics education research studies reported in the January to…

  20. Ethnicity and Nationalism. IREX Occasional Papers, Volume 1, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massell, Gregory J.; Shoup, Paul S.

    Two papers examine the relationship between ethnicity and nationalism in the Soviet Union and in Yugoslavia. The first paper assesses the ethnicity in Soviet Central Asia. Because in recent years an increasing number of scholars has been placed in Soviet Central Asia, observation is now combined with commonly held hypotheses to determine regional…

  1. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 68, Number 1, January 1928

    Science.gov (United States)

    1928-01-01

    During the year a revision of the plans and estimate for the 16- inch gun installation at Bruja Point, Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, was...COMMANDINGOFFICER, Fort Amador, Canal Zone. October 27, 1927. GENERALORDERS NUMBER29. 1. On October 17, 1927, a party of observers was sent to Bruja Point. In a

  2. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 73, Number 1, July 1930

    Science.gov (United States)

    1930-07-01

    soldierly conviction. Sayings of the First Napoleon. Capt. Karl Bruner of the Swiss General Staff has compiled a number of the sa:yingsof Napoleon...Louis, Lucien, Jerome , Pauline, Caroline, Elisa, Madam, and numerous in-laws, has admirably per- fOJ’meda difficult task. He has become an authority

  3. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Volume 6, Number 2. Summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Arms Limitations Talks ( SALT ) and Strategic Arms Reductions Talks (START), which resulted in treaties reducing the number of long-range nuclear...units attacked Pakistani forces, and Indian jets bombed bases high in the Himalayan Mountains. Although Indian forces carefully stayed on their side of

  4. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 70, Number 2, February 1929

    Science.gov (United States)

    1929-02-01

    was decided to have a test of the experimental system of fire control which they recommended at Fort Barrancas , Florida. The program for the test was...Petre, Georgia; Fort Marion San (Marco, or St. Mark’s), Florida; Fort Barrancas , Florida; Fort Bowyer, Mobile Point; Pass Christian, and a number of...lake and river forts. In 1819, while a new coast project was in process of formation , the coast and inland forts were manned by the following

  5. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 16, Number 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    have been examined [57]. the problem of shallow shells by using the Ritz method with algebraic polynomial trial functions Nonlinear analysi. A number...investigate the motion. Nonlinear differential equations have been vibrational behavior of turbine blades [42]. Experi- converted into nonlinear algebraic ...22 (4), Mech., Trans. ASME, 48 (3), pp 559-562 pp 247-264 (1980). (1981). 120. Tadws, R.N. and Rotman , M., "Dynamic Re- 130. Genta, G., Gola, M., et

  6. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Volume 10, Number 2, Summer 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    pdf . 16. The first offset refers to the threat of massive, offensive striking power from nuclear weapons to deter the numerically superior, in military...www.nipp.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/IS-404. pdf ). Why US Nuclear Force Numbers Matter Strategic Studies Quarterly ♦ Summer 2016 15 and rail...Agreement, China also helped Pakistan establish two nuclear power reactors . When China signed the NPT in 1992, these types of actions were ostensibly

  7. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. Volume 20, Number 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    Epilepsy (ILAE) and the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE). Epilepsia . 2005;46(4):470-472. 3. Herman S. Epilepsy after brain insult. Neurology...following combat brain injury. Neurology. 2010;75:224-229. 16. Frey, LC. Epidemiology of posttraumatic epilepsy: a critical review. Epilepsia ...Begley CE, et al. Standards for epidemiologic studies and surveillance of epilepsy. Epilepsia . 2011;52(Suppl. 7):2-26. F I G U R E 4 . Number

  8. Cover Image, Volume 113, Number 9, September 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolivar, Juan M; Krämer, Christina E M; Ungerböck, Birgit; Mayr, Torsten; Nidetzky, Bernd

    2016-09-01

    Cover Legend The cover image, by Bernd Nidetzky et al., is based on the Article Development of a fully integrated falling film microreactor for gas-liquid-solid biotransformation with surface immobilized O2 -dependent enzyme, DOI: 10.1002/bit.25969. Support by the European Union (FP7 Marie Curie ITN project EUROMBR - European network for innovative microbioreactor applications in bioprocess development; Grant Agreement Number 608104) is acknowledged.

  9. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 67, Number 6, December 1927

    Science.gov (United States)

    1927-12-01

    Puebla , where large numbers of his short-time volunteers left him in the enemy’s country with but 7,000 men to face 20,000 Mexican troops, and the early...his own plans if necessary, and go ahead as if he meant it that way all the time. His report on Cerro Gordo narrates very well and very accurately what

  10. Military Review Volume 73 April 1993 Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    itdiciti ir ot a ployment period. Thirty-five percent t Ielt that host of muich -demogranphic eunai’les(age tn- thley were not gyiven adequate...34 standard, you will travel this many miles and be We bought the magnificent unit conduct of in the field this number of days. We know how fire trainer ...train- be some increased costs, as described below, but ing objectives. We have seldom seen trainers these are not significant. monitor and provide

  11. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Volume 2, Number 2, Summer 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    counterinsurgency, which required large numbers of "boots on the ground" for years, even dec- ades. The Army leadership remained wedded to the Weinberger...its multiple approaches to conflict resolution. Simply put, he studied the "home cultures" of the ethnically diverse Hawaiian population to examine the... wedded to a paradigm of wars fought face-to-face, or head-on. S - S ) Q. ’AI T * SuMM[F 2008 [ 147 ] Book Reviews As a result, Americans see

  12. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 14, Number 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    Houbolt and Eichenbaum [103-105] have dealt with GLA in three-dimensional gusts. But a number of ’^’estigations have been carried out with respect to...of an Active Control System for Helicopter Vibration Reduction and Gust Response Alleviation," NASA CR-152377 (1980). 103. Eichenbaum , F.D...Thesis, Polytechnic Inst. of New York (1978). 5. Martin , C.R., "A Modal Control Approach for Active Control of Multi-Story Structures," Ph.D. Thesis

  13. Journal of Gravitational Physiology, Volume 12, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Charles A. (Editor); Cogoli, Augusto (Editor); Hargens, Alan R. (Editor); Smith, Arthur H. (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    Processes; Orpheus 0 G or Ear in Microgravity to Establish Symptoms Concomittant of Inner and Middle Ear and Osteoporosis in Microgravity; Understanding Visual Perception in the Perspective of Gravity; Cortical Regions Associated with Orthostatic Stress in Conscious Humans; Restoration of Central Blood Volume: Application of a Simple Concept and Simple Device to Counteract Cardiovascular Instability in Syncope and Hemorrhage; WISE-2005: Integrative Cardiovascular Responses with LBNP during 60-Day Bed Rest in Women; Intracranial Pressure Increases during Weightlessness. A Parabolic Flights Study; Lower Limb & Portal Veins Echography for Predicting Risk of Thrombosis during a 90-D Bed Rest; Calf Tissue Liquid Stowage and Muscular and Deep Vein Distension in Orthostatic Tests after a 90-Day Head Down Bed Rest; Morphology of Brain Vessels in the Tail Suspended Rats Exposed to Intermittent 2 G; Alterations in Vasoreactivity of Femoral Artery Induced by Hindlimb Unweighting are Related to the Changes of Contractile Protein in Rats; and Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia: A Marker of Decreased Parasympathetic Modulation after Short Duration.

  14. Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Ten-Year Program Plan Fiscal Year 2005, Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2005-03-01

    As reflected in the U.S. ''National Energy Policy'', nuclear energy has a strong role to play in satisfying our nation's future energy security and environmental quality needs. The desirable environmental, economic, and sustainability attributes of nuclear energy give it a cornerstone position, not only in the U.S. energy portfolio, but also in the world's future energy portfolio. Accordingly, on September 20, 2002, U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham announced that, ''The United States and nine other countries have agreed to develop six Generation IV nuclear energy concepts''. The Secretary also noted that the systems are expected to ''represent significant advances in economics, safety, reliability, proliferation resistance, and waste minimization''. The six systems and their broad, worldwide research and development (R&D) needs are described in ''A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems'' (hereafter referred to as the Generation IV Roadmap). The first 10 years of required U.S. R&D contributions to achieve the goals described in the Generation IV Roadmap are outlined in this Program Plan.

  15. The Del Mod System: An External Evaluation, Final Report, Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, Donald W.; And Others

    This is one of five volumes prepared to describe various aspects of the Del Mod System. This volume deals with the evaluation of the Del Mod System. Included are the following: (1) Del Mod Responsive Evaluation; (2) Evaluation Outcomes; (3) Validation of the Del Mod Responsive Evaluation Process; and (4) Conclusions. Appendices include: (A)…

  16. Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Volumes III [and] IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, John C., Ed.

    Two volumes of a handbook on theory and research in higher education are presented. The 11 papers included in Volume III are as follows: "Qualitative Research Methods in Higher Education" (R. Crowson); "Bricks and Mortar: Architecture and the Study of Higher Education" (J. Thelin and J. Yankovich); "Enrollment Demand Models and Their Policy Uses…

  17. An Evaluation of the Nutrition Services for the Elderly. Volume IV. Appendices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM.

    This document is part of a five-volume nationwide study of Nutrition Services operations and elderly citizens participating in congregate dining and home delivery services authorized by Title III-C of the Older Americans' Act. This volume contains all technical appendices and is intended as a resource document. The Methodology Appendix is included…

  18. Breckinridge Project, initial effort. Report XI, Volume IV. Critical review of the design basis. [Critical review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-05-01

    Report XI, Technical Audit, is a compendium of research material used during the Initial Effort in making engineering comparisons and decisions. Volumes 4 and 5 of Report XI present those studies which provide a Critical Review of the Design Basis. The Critical Review Report, prepared by Intercontinental Econergy Associates, Inc., summarizes findings from an extensive review of the data base for the H-Coal process design. Volume 4 presents this review and assessment, and includes supporting material; specifically, Design Data Tabulation (Appendix A), Process Flow Sheets (Appendix B), and References (Appendix C). Volume 5 is a continuation of the references of Appendix C. Studies of a proprietary nature are noted and referenced, but are not included in these volumes. They are included in the Limited Access versions of these reports and may be reviewed by properly cleared personnel in the offices of Ashland Synthetic Fuels, Inc.

  19. Back Bay-Currituck Sound Data Report: Fish Studies, Volume IV

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This data report is the fourth and final volume of data and preliminary analysis of data on the cooperative study of the ecology of Back Bay, Virginia, and Currituck...

  20. Quantitative analysis of production traits in saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus): IV. number of scale rows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isberg, S R; Thomson, P C; Nicholas, F W; Webb, G J W; Manolis, S C; Barker, S G; Moran, C

    2006-02-01

    A total of 3156 scale row records, comprising 1739 full-sibling records from 30 families from Janamba Croc Farm (NT, Australia) and 1417 parent-offspring records from 19 families from Wildlife Management International, Pty Ltd (NT, Australia), collected at each facility using a different method, were analysed using ASReml. The full-sibling heritability estimate for the Janamba data was 0.37 (SE 0.03). The animal model estimate of heritability for the Wildlife Management International (WMI) data, also based predominantly on full-sibling data, was 0.42 (SE 0.04). The counts from three counting methods were evaluated by regression analysis on 100 individuals and were found to be highly correlated. Using the regression relationship, the WMI data were transformed and pooled with the Janamba data to give an animal model heritability estimate of 0.42 (SE 0.04). A multitrait analysis revealed negligible correlations (both phenotypical and genetical) between hatchling size traits and the number of scale rows. There is ample genetic variation to incorporate this trait into a genetic improvement programme for farmed saltwater crocodiles.

  1. High Statistics Analysis using Anisotropic Clover Lattices: (IV) The Volume Dependence of the Light Hadron Masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beane, S R; Detmold, W; Lin, H W; Luu, T C; Orginos, K; Parreno, A; Savage, M J; Torok, A; Walker-Loud, A

    2011-07-01

    The volume dependence of the octet baryon masses and relations among them are explored with Lattice QCD. Calculations are performed with nf = 2 + 1 clover fermion discretization in four lattice volumes, with spatial extent L ? 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 4.0 fm, with an anisotropic lattice spacing of b_s ? 0.123 fm in the spatial direction, and b_t = b_s/3.5 in the time direction, and at a pion mass of m_\\pi ? 390 MeV. The typical precision of the ground-state baryon mass determination is volume dependence of the masses, the Gell-Mann Okubo mass-relation, and of other mass combinations. A comparison with the predictions of heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory is performed in both the SU(2)L ? SU(2)R and SU(3)L ? SU(3)R expansions. Predictions of the three-flavor expansion for the hadron masses are found to describe the observed volume dependences reasonably well. Further, the ?N? axial coupling constant is extracted from the volume dependence of the nucleon mass in the two-flavor expansion, with only small modifications in the three-flavor expansion from the inclusion of kaons and eta's. At a given value of m?L, the finite-volume contributions to the nucleon mass are predicted to be significantly smaller at m_\\pi ? 140 MeV than at m_\\pi ? 390 MeV due to a coefficient that scales as ? m_\\pi^3. This is relevant for the design of future ensembles of lattice gauge-field configurations. Finally, the volume dependence of the pion and kaon masses are analyzed with two-flavor and three-flavor chiral perturbation theory.

  2. CrossTalk. The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 16, Number 11, November 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-01

    from approximately 10 top-level accidents/ events. The Hazard and Operability ( HAZOP ) [6] approach to system and software functionality assessment has...Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 16, Number 11, November 2003 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...requirements within international standards early in the development life cycle. by Brian Dobbing and Alan Burns Software Static Code Analysis

  3. Integrating model of the Project Independence Evaluation System. Volume IV. Model documentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaw, M L; Allen, B J; Gale, J E; Lutz, M S; O& #x27; Hara, N E; Wood, R K

    1979-02-01

    This volume is the fourth in a series of seven documenting the PIES Integrating Model. It contains detailed descriptions of the basic assumptions behind each of the components of PIES and how they interact with one another. Chapter II of this volume presents the methodology used to integrate supply and demand. It includes a discussion of both the interface between the Demand Model and the equilibrating mechanism and the various supply models via the equilibrating algorithm used by PIES. Chapters III through IX describe each supply submodel in turn: coal, oil, and natural gas supply, utilities, refineries, advanced technologies, and transportation. Code and data documentation are covered elsewhere in this series (Volumes V and VI respectively). PIES is an evolving system. As this document was being prepared, many parts of the model were being modified. This document describes the PIES Integrating Model as of January 1, 1978.

  4. Technical Reports (Part II). End of Project Report, 1968-1971, Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Western Nevada Regional Education Center, Lovelock.

    The pamphlets included in this volume are technical reports prepared as outgrowths of the Student Information System of the Western Nevada Regional Education Center funded by a Title III grant under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. These reports demonstrate the use of the stored data; methods of interpreting the printouts from…

  5. Canadian Journal of Physics. Volume 69, Number 2 (Revue Canadienne de Physique. Volume 69, Numero 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    and hydrodynamics and hydromagnetics that are subject to wall cross-viscosity coefficients of the fluid. suction have been discussed by several... coefficients of k, we [12] t ( Rm 8Y2 obtain for the particular case Rm = 1 where [18] U’’o + U1o + s2Hio = 0 - 212 [19] R’o + Hlo + ulo =0 S= 2...Prandtl numbers. On prdsente une approche intgrale i l’analyse du frottement de surface dans l’dcoulement autour d’un coin, pour un fluide non newtonien A

  6. Transport of solid commodities via freight pipeline: demand analysis methodology. Volume IV. First year final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, W.B.; Plaut, T.

    1976-07-01

    In order to determine the feasibility of intercity freight pipelines, it was necessary to determine whether sufficient traffic flows currently exist between various origins and destinations to justify consideration of a mode whose operating characteristics became competitive under conditions of high-traffic volume. An intercity origin/destination freight-flow matrix was developed for a large range of commodities from published sources. A high-freight traffic-density corridor between Chicago and New York and another between St. Louis and New York were studied. These corridors, which represented 18 cities, had single-direction flows of 16 million tons/year. If trans-shipment were allowed at each of the 18 cities, flows of up to 38 million tons/year were found in each direction. These figures did not include mineral or agricultural products. After determining that such pipeline-eligible freight-traffic volumes existed, the next step was to determine the ability of freight pipeline to penetrate such markets. Modal-split models were run on aggregate data from the 1967 Census of Transportation. Modal-split models were also run on disaggregate data specially collected for this study. The freight pipeline service characteristics were then substituted into both the aggregate and disaggregate models (truck vs. pipeline and then rail vs. pipeline) and estimates of pipeline penetration into particular STCC commodity groups were made. Based on these very preliminary results, it appears that freight pipeline has market penetration potential that is consistent with high-volume participation in the intercity freight market.

  7. Mexico City air quality research initiative. Volume IV. Characterization and measurement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mauzy, A. [ed.

    1994-04-01

    This volume describes the methods and the data gathered in an attempt to measure and characterize the meteorological factors and the concentration of different pollutants in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. The main objective of this document was to provide input for the simulation models and to obtain information that could be used to test and improve the models` performance. Four field campaigns were conducted, as well as routine monitoring, in order to obtain a database of atmospheric dynamics and air pollution characteristics. Sections include Airborne measurements, Remote sensing measurements, and Traditional (in situ) measurements.

  8. Structural Analysis via Generalized Interactive Graphics - STAGING. Volume IV. Appendices to System Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-01

    TE SECURITY CLA𔃿nfF 1. AT CIN OF THIS PAGE IIIla~r faa,. FOREWARD This final repo, t was prepared by the Columbus Laboratories of Battelle Memorial...Kasik C. Scofield W. Young F. Drobot Kevin Cadmus was a major contributor to the preparation of this volume. The work reported herein was conducted... IELT -----O ’) 8 . OL.F. . .DBDRT. IDaDAD IDBJLF ICKAGT DELPIC ENTRY CLASS: MAIN SEGMENT: (DE0) DESCI DELETE ANO DEACTIVATE ALL PICKED 2EAOS ON A LEVEL

  9. Estimation of surface area and pore volume of activated carbons by methylene blue and iodine numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleiton A. Nunes

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Data of methylene blue number and iodine number of activated carbons samples were calibrated against the respective surface area, micropore volume and total pore volume using multiple regression. The models obtained from the calibrations were used in predicting these physical properties of a test group of activated carbon samples produced from several raw materials. In all cases, the predicted values were in good agreement with the expected values. The method allows extracting more information from the methylene blue and iodine adsorption studies than normally obtained with this type of material.

  10. Stereological analysis of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus in schizophrenia: volume, neuron number, and cell types

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorph-Petersen, Karl-Anton; Pierri, Joseph N; Sun, Zhuoxin

    2004-01-01

    The mediodorsal thalamic nucleus (MD) is the principal relay nucleus for the prefrontal cortex, a brain region thought to be dysfunctional in schizophrenia. Several, but not all, postmortem studies of the MD in schizophrenia have reported decreased volume and total neuronal number. However......, it is not clear whether the findings are specific for schizophrenia nor is it known which subtypes of thalamic neurons are affected. We studied the left MD in 11 subjects with schizophrenia, 9 control subjects, and 12 subjects with mood disorders. Based on morphological criteria, we divided the neurons into two...... subclasses, presumably corresponding to projection neurons and local circuit neurons. We estimated MD volume and the neuron number of each subclass using methods based on modern unbiased stereological principles. We also estimated the somal volumes of each subclass using a robust, but biased, approach...

  11. SHTEREOM I SIMPLE WINDOWS® BASED SOFTWARE FOR STEREOLOGY. VOLUME AND NUMBER ESTIMATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin Oğuzhan Oğuz

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Stereology has been earlier defined by Wiebel (1970 to be: "a body of mathematical methods relating to three dimensional parameters defining the structure from two dimensional measurements obtainable on sections of the structure." SHTEREOM I is a simple windows-based software for stereological estimation. In this first part, we describe the implementation of the number and volume estimation tools for unbiased design-based stereology. This software is produced in Visual Basic and can be used on personal computers operated by Microsoft Windows® operating systems that are connected to a conventional camera attached to a microscope and a microcator or a simple dial gauge. Microsoft NET Framework version 1.1 also needs to be downloaded for full use. The features of the SHTEREOM I software are illustrated through examples of stereological estimations in terms of volume and particle numbers for different magnifications (4X–100X. Point-counting grids are available for area estimations and for use with the most efficient volume estimation tool, the Cavalieri technique and are applied to Lizard testicle volume. An unbiased counting frame system is available for number estimations of the objects under investigation, and an on-screen manual stepping module for number estimations through the optical fractionator method is also available for the measurement of increments along the X and Y axes of the microscope stage for the estimation of rat brain hippocampal pyramidal neurons.

  12. Preservation of hippocampal neuron numbers and hippocampal subfield volumes in behaviorally characterized aged tree shrews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keuker, Jeanine I H; de Biurrun, Gabriel; Luiten, Paul G M; Fuchs, Eberhard

    2004-01-19

    Aging is associated with a decreased ability to store and retrieve information. The hippocampal formation plays a critical role in such memory processes, and its integrity is affected during normal aging. We used tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri) as an animal model of aging, because in many characteristics, tree shrews are closer to primates than they are to rodents. Young and aged male tree shrews performed a holeboard spatial memory task, which permits assessment of reference and working memory. Upon completion of the behavioral measurements, we carried out modified stereological analyses of neuronal numbers in various subdivisions of the hippocampus and used the Cavalieri method to calculate the volumes of these subfields. Results showed that the working memory of aged tree shrews was significantly impaired compared with that of young animals, whereas the hippocampus-dependent reference memory remained unchanged by aging. Estimation of the number of neurons revealed preserved neuron numbers in the subiculum, in the subregions CA1, CA2, CA3, and in the hilus of the dentate gyrus. Volume measurements showed no aging-related changes in the volume of any of these hippocampal subregions, or in the molecular and granule cell layers of the dentate gyrus of tree shrews. We conclude that the observed changes in memory performance in aging tree shrews are not accompanied by observable reductions of hippocampal neuron numbers or hippocampal volume, rather, the changes in memory performance are more likely the result of modified subcellular mechanisms that are affected by the aging process.

  13. Black liquor combustion validated recovery boiler modeling: Final year report. Volume 4 (Appendix IV)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grace, T.M.; Frederick, W.J.; Salcudean, M.; Wessel, R.A.

    1998-08-01

    This project was initiated in October 1990, with the objective of developing and validating a new computer model of a recovery boiler furnace using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code specifically tailored to the requirements for solving recovery boiler flows, and using improved submodels for black liquor combustion based on continued laboratory fundamental studies. The key tasks to be accomplished were as follows: (1) Complete the development of enhanced furnace models that have the capability to accurately predict carryover, emissions behavior, dust concentrations, gas temperatures, and wall heat fluxes. (2) Validate the enhanced furnace models, so that users can have confidence in the predicted results. (3) Obtain fundamental information on aerosol formation, deposition, and hardening so as to develop the knowledge base needed to relate furnace model outputs to plugging and fouling in the convective sections of the boiler. (4) Facilitate the transfer of codes, black liquid submodels, and fundamental knowledge to the US kraft pulp industry. Volume 4 contains the following appendix sections: Radiative heat transfer properties for black liquor combustion -- Facilities and techniques and Spectral absorbance and emittance data; and Radiate heat transfer determination of the optical constants of ash samples from kraft recovery boilers -- Calculation procedure; Computation program; Density determination; Particle diameter determination; Optical constant data; and Uncertainty analysis.

  14. Weather data for simplified energy calculation methods. Volume IV. United States: WYEC data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olsen, A.R.; Moreno, S.; Deringer, J.; Watson, C.R.

    1984-08-01

    The objective of this report is to provide a source of weather data for direct use with a number of simplified energy calculation methods available today. Complete weather data for a number of cities in the United States are provided for use in the following methods: degree hour, modified degree hour, bin, modified bin, and variable degree day. This report contains sets of weather data for 23 cities using Weather Year for Energy Calculations (WYEC) source weather data. Considerable overlap is present in cities (21) covered by both the TRY and WYEC data. The weather data at each city has been summarized in a number of ways to provide differing levels of detail necessary for alternative simplified energy calculation methods. Weather variables summarized include dry bulb and wet bulb temperature, percent relative humidity, humidity ratio, wind speed, percent possible sunshine, percent diffuse solar radiation, total solar radiation on horizontal and vertical surfaces, and solar heat gain through standard DSA glass. Monthly and annual summaries, in some cases by time of day, are available. These summaries are produced in a series of nine computer generated tables.

  15. Prediction of Supersonic Store Separation Characteristics Including Fuselage and Stores of Noncircular Cross Section, Volume IV. Appendices C and D, Details of Program II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-01

    VOLUME IV - APPENDICES C AND D, DETAILS OF PROGRAM II Joseph Mullen, Jr. Frederick K. Goodwin Marnix F. E. Dillenius Nielsen Engineering & Research...location in store source panel coordinates of leading edge of wing, feet RAZ semi-axis in vertical direction of elliptic body, feet RBY semi-axis in

  16. A linear bound on the tetrahedral number of manifolds of bounded volume (after Jorgensen and Thurston)

    CERN Document Server

    Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi

    2012-01-01

    We provide a detailed proof of the following folklore theorem: Let mu > 0 be a Margulis constant for 3-dimensional hyperbolic space. Then for any d>0 there exists a constant K>0, depending on mu and d, so that for any complete finite volume hyperbolic 3-manifold M, the d-neighborhood of the mu-thick part of M can be triangulated using at most K Vol(M) tetrahedra; here Vol is the hyperbolic volume function. As a corollary, we obtain the following topological interpretation of the volume: the minimal number of tetrahedra required to triangulate a link exterior in M is linearly equivalent to Vol(M); for a precise statement see Corollary 1.3.

  17. Paul Scherrer Institut Scientific Report 2002. Volume IV: Nuclear Energy and Safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, B.; Gschwend, B. (eds.)

    2003-03-01

    contributions have been accepted by the FIT Board. The planning document is currently in circulation for comment. PSI has updated its 'Guiding Principles' to include its own research capabilities, in particular in regard to sustainable energy technologies. At the end of an intensive 'bottom-up approach', an R+D planning document for the year 2003 has been issued for the first time by NES; this exercise should be formalised in a more compact form in the future. Backfitting of the Hot Lab has been completed in 4 years, at a cost of 14 MCHF (compared with the initial estimates of 3 years and 9.8 MCHF); the NPP operators have agreed to contribute to the Hot Lab infrastructure costs to the extent of 3 MCHF per annum. With regard to education and training, in view of the necessity to maintain a continuous education programme in nuclear technology at university level, the Swiss utilities have conditionally agreed, following the retirement of Prof. Yadigaroglu, to fund an ETHZ Chair in Nuclear (Systems) Engineering. The appointee will become a central part of the new Master of Nuclear Engineering programme, to be offered by ETHZ and EPFL, and will be given the opportunity by NES to perform large-scale research at PSI. The new Masters programme will become an integral part of the emerging European Network on Nuclear Energy (ENEN). At the technical teaching level, PSI's own Technical School for reactor operators has, after some years of reduced participation, again registered an increase in the number of students: in 2002, courses had to be offered on an annual basis, instead of every 2 years, in response to the increased demand. A publication list for 2002 is also provided. (author)

  18. Intenational conference on high-energy physics. Volume 2. Sessions IV to VIII. [Geneva, June 27-July 4, 1979

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-02-01

    Volume 2 of the conference proceedings contains sessions on hadron physics, charged-lepton physics, the p-p-bar collider at CERN, future European accelerator possibilities, parallel discussion sessions (on high-energy) hadron-induced reactions, deep inelastic phenomena, hadron spectroscopy, weak ineractions and gauge theories, and quark confinement), and a closing session on gauge appreciation of developments in particle physics. A list of participants is also included. Three of the papers in this volume have already been cited in ERA, and can be found as reference to the entry CONF-790642-- in the Report Number Index. The remaining 36 will be processed as they are received on the Atomindex tape. (RWR)

  19. Primary visual cortex volume and total neuron number are reduced in schizophrenia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorph-Petersen, Karl-Anton; Pierri, Joseph H.; Wu, Qiang

    2007-01-01

    with schizophrenia reported an increased density of neurons in the primary visual cortex (Brodmann's area 17, BA17). The observed changes in visual processing may thus be reflected in structural changes in the circuitry of BA17. To characterize the structural changes further we used stereological methods based...... on unbiased principles of sampling (Cavalieri's principle and the optical fractionator) to estimate the total volume and neuron number of BA17 in postmortem brains from 10 subjects with schizophrenia and 10 matched normal comparison subjects. In addition, we assessed cortical thickness. We found a marked...... and significant reduction in total neuron number (25%) and volume (22%) of BA17 in the schizophrenia group relative to the normal comparison subjects. In contrast, we found no changes in neuronal density or cortical thickness between the two groups. Subjects with schizophrenia therefore have a smaller cortical...

  20. Design-based estimation of neuronal number and individual neuronal volume in the rat hippocampus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hosseini-Sharifabad, Mohammad; Nyengaard, Jens Randel

    2007-01-01

    vertical sections from the hippocampus. The volume of hippocampal neurons was estimated using the rotator principle on 40 microm thick plastic vertical uniform random sections and corrected for tissue shrinkage. Application of the proposed new design should result in more accurate estimates of neuron......Tools recently developed in stereology were employed for unbiased estimation of the neuronal number and volume in three major subdivisions of rat hippocampus (dentate granular, CA1 and CA3 pyramidal layers). The optical fractionator is used extensively in quantitative studies of the hippocampus......; however, the classical optical fractionator design may be affected by tissue deformation in the z-axis of the section. In this study, we applied an improved optical fractionator design to estimate total number of neurons on 100 microm thick vibratome sections that had been deformed, in the z...

  1. Energy use in the marine transportation industry: Task III. Efficiency improvements; Task IV. Industry future. Final report, Volume IV. [Projections for year 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-12-01

    Tasks III and IV measure the characteristics of potential research and development programs that could be applied to the maritime industry. It was necessary to identify potential operating scenarios for the maritime industry in the year 2000 and determine the energy consumption that would result given those scenarios. After the introductory chapter the operational, regulatory, and vessel-size scenarios for the year 2000 are developed in Chapter II. In Chapter III, future cargo flows and expected levels of energy use for the baseline 2000 projection are determined. In Chapter IV, the research and development programs are introduced into the future US flag fleet and the energy-savings potential associated with each is determined. The first four appendices (A through D) describe each of the generic technologies. The fifth appendix (E) contains the baseline operating and cost parameters against which 15 program areas were evaluated. (MCW)

  2. Prostate volume index and chronic inflammation of the prostate type IV with respect to the risk of prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porcaro, Antonio B; Novella, Giovanni; Molinari, Alberto; Terrin, Alessandro; Minja, Anila; De Marco, Vincenzo; Martignoni, Guido; Brunelli, Matteo; Cerruto, Maria A; Curti, Pierpaolo; Cavalleri, Stefano; Artibani, Walter

    2015-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer (PCA) alter the normal growth patterns of zonal anatomy with changes of prostate volume (PV). Chronic inflammatory infiltrates (CII) type IV are the most common non-cancer diagnosis of the prostate after biopsy. To evaluate associations of both PV index (PVI), i.e. the ratio of transitional zone volume (TZV) to peripheral zone volume (PZV), and CII with PCA in patients undergoing biopsy. Between January 2007 and December 2008, 268 consecutive patients who underwent prostate biopsy were retrospectively evaluated. PV and TZV were measured by transrectal ultrasound. PZV was computed by subtracting the PV from the TZV. CII were evaluated according to standard criteria. Significant associations of PVI and the presence of CII (CII+) with PCA risk were assessed by statistical methods. We evaluated 251 patients after excluding cases with painful rectal examinations, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >20 μg/ml and metastases. The PCA detection rate was 41.1%. PVI was a negative independent predictor of PCA. A PVI ≤1.0 was directly [odds ratio (OR) = 2.36] associated with PCA, which was detected more frequently in patients with a PVI ≤1.0 (29.1%) than in those with a PVI >1.0 (11.9%). CII+ was inversely (OR = 0.57) and independently associated with PCA, which was detected less frequently in cases with CII (9.9%) than in those without CII (21.1%). Potential study limitations might relate to the fact that PV was not measured by prostatectomy specimens and there was PSA confounding for CII and PCA. Low values of PVI are directly associated with risk of PCA, which was almost 2.5 times higher in patients with a PVI ≤1.0. The PVI might be an effective parameter for clustering patients at risk of PCA. CII+ was inversely associated with risk of PCA and decreased the probability of detecting PCA by 43%. The role of the PVI and CII in PCA carcinogenesis needs further research. 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel

  3. Steam Digest Volume IV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2004-07-01

    This edition of the Steam Digest is a compendium of 2003 articles on the technical and financial benefits of steam efficiency, presented by the stakeholders of the U.S. Department of Energy's BestPractices Steam effort.

  4. Estimating marine aerosol particle volume and number from Maritime Aerosol Network data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Sayer

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As well as spectral aerosol optical depth (AOD, aerosol composition and concentration (number, volume, or mass are of interest for a variety of applications. However, remote sensing of these quantities is more difficult than for AOD, as it is more sensitive to assumptions relating to aerosol composition. This study uses spectral AOD measured on Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN cruises, with the additional constraint of a microphysical model for unpolluted maritime aerosol based on analysis of Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET inversions, to estimate these quantities over open ocean. When the MAN data are subset to those likely to be comprised of maritime aerosol, number and volume concentrations obtained are physically reasonable. Attempts to estimate surface concentration from columnar abundance, however, are shown to be limited by uncertainties in vertical distribution. Columnar AOD at 550 nm and aerosol number for unpolluted maritime cases are also compared with Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS data, for both the present Collection 5.1 and forthcoming Collection 6. MODIS provides a best-fitting retrieval solution, as well as the average for several different solutions, with different aerosol microphysical models. The "average solution" MODIS dataset agrees more closely with MAN than the "best solution" dataset. Terra tends to retrieve lower aerosol number than MAN, and Aqua higher, linked with differences in the aerosol models commonly chosen. Collection 6 AOD is likely to agree more closely with MAN over open ocean than Collection 5.1. In situations where spectral AOD is measured accurately, and aerosol microphysical properties are reasonably well-constrained, estimates of aerosol number and volume using MAN or similar data would provide for a greater variety of potential comparisons with aerosol properties derived from satellite or chemistry transport model data. However, without accurate AOD data and prior knowledge of

  5. Proceedings of the International Conference for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (PME) (18th, Lisbon, Portugal, July 29-August 3, 1994). Volumes I-IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Ponte, Joao Pedro, Ed.; Matos, Joao Filipe, Ed.

    The Proceedings of PME-XVIII have been published in four separate volumes because of the large number of individual conference papers reported. Volume I contains brief reports for 11 Working Groups and 8 Discussion Groups, 55 "Short Oral Communications," 28 Posters, 5 Plenary Panel reports, and 4 Plenary Session reports. Volume II…

  6. Measuring Working Memory With Digit Span and the Letter-Number Sequencing Subtests From the WAIS-IV: Too Low Manipulation Load and Risk for Underestimating Modality Effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egeland, Jens

    2015-01-01

    The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) is one of the most frequently used tests among psychologists. In the fourth edition of the test (WAIS-IV), the subtests Digit Span and Letter-Number Sequencing are expanded for better measurement of working memory (WM). However, it is not clear whether the new extended tasks contribute sufficient complexity to be sensitive measures of manipulation WM, nor do we know to what degree WM capacity differs between the visual and the auditory modality because the WAIS-IV only tests the auditory modality. Performance by a mixed sample of 226 patients referred for neuropsychological examination on the Digit Span and Letter-Number Sequencing subtests from the WAIS-IV and on Spatial Span from the Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition was analyzed in two confirmatory factor analyses to investigate whether a unitary WM model or divisions based on modality or level/complexity best fit the data. The modality model showed the best fit when analyzing summed scores for each task as well as scores for the longest span. The clinician is advised to apply tests with higher manipulation load and to consider testing visual span as well before drawing conclusions about impaired WM from the WAIS-IV.

  7. Asymptotic preserving IMEX finite volume schemes for low Mach number Euler equations with gravitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bispen, Georgij; Lukáčová-Medvid'ová, Mária; Yelash, Leonid

    2017-04-01

    In this paper we will present and analyze a new class of the IMEX finite volume schemes for the Euler equations with a gravity source term. We will in particular concentrate on a singular limit of weakly compressible flows when the Mach number M ≪ 1. In order to efficiently resolve slow dynamics we split the whole nonlinear system in a stiff linear part governing the acoustic and gravity waves and a non-stiff nonlinear part that models nonlinear advection effects. For time discretization we use a special class of the so-called globally stiffly accurate IMEX schemes and approximate the stiff linear operator implicitly and the non-stiff nonlinear operator explicitly. For spatial discretization the finite volume approximation is used with the central and Rusanov/Lax-Friedrichs numerical fluxes for the linear and nonlinear subsystem, respectively. In the case of a constant background potential temperature we prove theoretically that the method is asymptotically consistent and asymptotically stable uniformly with respect to small Mach number. We also analyze experimentally convergence rates in the singular limit when the Mach number tends to zero.

  8. The generalization of charged AdS black hole specific volume and number density

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zi-Liang; He, Miao; Fang, Chao; Sun, Dao-Quan; Deng, Jian-Bo

    2017-04-01

    In this paper, by proposing a generalized specific volume, we restudy the P- V criticality of charged AdS black holes in the extended phase space. The results show that most of the previous conclusions can be generalized without change, but the ratio {\\tilde{ρ }}_c should be 3 {\\tilde{α }}/16 in general case. Further research on the thermodynamical phase transition of black hole leads us to a natural interpretation of our assumption, and more black hole properties can be generalized. Finally, we study the number density for charged AdS black hole in higher dimensions, the results show the necessity of our assumption.

  9. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 81, Number 3, May-June 1938

    Science.gov (United States)

    1938-06-01

    BRADSHAW, JR., C.A.C., Editor~ VOLUME LXXXI NUMBER 3 CONTENTS PICTURES 200 FRONTISPIECE 162 PHOTO-ELECTRIC EyE 188 By Lieutmant Milan G. lVeber HAPPY NEW...concept of the war of the f"t"re as shown in the MGM film, "lVest Point of the Air." THE PHOTO-ELECTRIC EYE By lieutenant Milan G. WeberJ Coast...Commanding 92d Coast Artillery (PS) (TD) By Major R. E. Phillips An official edict of the Commonwealth Government says the hot season has arrived and

  10. Nuclear Geoplosics Sourcebook. Volume IV. Part I. Empirical Analysis of Ground Motion from Above and Underground Explosions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-03-01

    November 10, 1975. IV-1.8 Feynman , R. P., R. B. Leighton, and M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol. II, Chapter 39, Addison Wesley, Massachusetts...Event, POR 6400, Sandia Laboratories, March 1971. IV-2.18 Preston, R. G., and V. E. Wheeler , Response of the Line-of-Sight Pipe to Ground Shock in the...Hupmobile Nuclear Effects Test, Lawrence Radiation Laboratory (Unpublished). IV-2.19 Randolph, P. L., R. G. Preston, and V. E. Wheeler , Preliminary

  11. Differences in relative hippocampus volume and number of hippocampus neurons among five corvid species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Kristy L; Gilbertson, Karl E; Hrvol, Andrew J; Nelson, Joseph C; Seyfer, Abigail L; Brantner, Rose M; Kamil, Alan C

    2013-01-01

    The relative size of the avian hippocampus (Hp) has been shown to be related to spatial memory and food storing in two avian families, the parids and corvids. Basil et al. [Brain Behav Evol 1996;47:156-164] examined North American food-storing birds in the corvid family and found that Clark's nutcrackers had a larger relative Hp than pinyon jays and Western scrub jays. These results correlated with the nutcracker's better performance on most spatial memory tasks and their strong reliance on stored food in the wild. However, Pravosudov and de Kort [Brain Behav Evol 2006;67:1-9] raised questions about the methodology used in the 1996 study, specifically the use of paraffin as an embedding material and recalculation for shrinkage. Therefore, we measured relative Hp volume using gelatin as the embedding material in four North American species of food-storing corvids (Clark's nutcrackers, pinyon jays, Western scrub jays and blue jays) and one Eurasian corvid that stores little to no food (azure-winged magpies). Although there was a significant overall effect of species on relative Hp volume among the five species, subsequent tests found only one pairwise difference, blue jays having a larger Hp than the azure-winged magpies. We also examined the relative size of the septum in the five species. Although Shiflett et al. [J Neurobiol 2002;51:215-222] found a difference in relative septum volume amongst three species of parids that correlated with storing food, we did not find significant differences amongst the five species in relative septum. Finally, we calculated the number of neurons in the Hp relative to body mass in the five species and found statistically significant differences, some of which are in accord with the adaptive specialization hypothesis and some are not.

  12. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils Volume IV.- Valencia and Murcia; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles Volumen IV.- Valencia y Murcia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M.

    1998-12-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas de Valencia and Murcia. (Author) 63 refs.

  13. Modeling droplet vaporization and combustion with the volume of fluid method at a small Reynolds number

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-bin ZHANG; Wei ZHANG; Xue-jun ZHANG

    2012-01-01

    The volume of fluid (VOF) formulation is applied to model the combustion process of a single droplet in a hightemperature convective air free stream environment.The calculations solve the flow field for both phases,and consider the droplet deformation based on an axisymmetrical model.The chemical reaction is modeled with one-step finite-rate mechanism and the thcrmo-physica1 properties for the gas mixture are species and temperature dependence.A mass transfer model applicable to the VOF calculations due to vaporization of the liquid phases is developed in consideration with the fluctuation of the liquid surface.The model is validated by examining the burning rate constants at different convective air temperatures,which accord well with experimental data of previous studies.Other phenomena from the simulations,such as the transient history of droplet deformation and flame structure,are also qualitatively accordant with the descriptions of other numerical results.However,a different droplet deformation mechanism for the low Reynolds number is explained compared with that for the high Reynolds number.The calculations verified the feasibility of the VOF computational fluid dynamics (CFD) formulation as well as the mass transfer model due to vaporization.

  14. Finite volume simulation of 2-D steady square lid driven cavity flow at high reynolds numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Yapici

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work, computer simulation results of steady incompressible flow in a 2-D square lid-driven cavity up to Reynolds number (Re 65000 are presented and compared with those of earlier studies. The governing flow equations are solved by using the finite volume approach. Quadratic upstream interpolation for convective kinematics (QUICK is used for the approximation of the convective terms in the flow equations. In the implementation of QUICK, the deferred correction technique is adopted. A non-uniform staggered grid arrangement of 768x768 is employed to discretize the flow geometry. Algebraic forms of the coupled flow equations are then solved through the iterative SIMPLE (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equation algorithm. The outlined computational methodology allows one to meet the main objective of this work, which is to address the computational convergence and wiggled flow problems encountered at high Reynolds and Peclet (Pe numbers. Furthermore, after Re > 25000 additional vortexes appear at the bottom left and right corners that have not been observed in earlier studies.

  15. Synapse loss from chronically elevated glucocorticoids: relationship to neuropil volume and cell number in hippocampal area CA3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tata, Despina A; Marciano, Veronica A; Anderson, Brenda J

    2006-09-20

    Individuals with clinical disorders associated with elevated plasma glucocorticoids, such as major depressive disorder and Cushing's syndrome, are reported to have smaller hippocampal volume. To understand how the hippocampus responds at the cellular and subcellular levels to glucocorticoids and how such changes are related to volume measures, we have undertaken a comprehensive study of glucocorticoid effects on hippocampal CA3 volume and identified elements in the neuropil including astrocytic volume and cell and synapse number and size. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with corticosterone (40 mg/kg), the primary glucocorticoid in rodents, or vehicle for 60 days. The CA3 was further subdivided so that the two-thirds of CA3 (nearest the dentate gyrus) previously shown to be vulnerable to corticosterone could be analyzed as two separate subfields. Corticosterone had no effect on neuropil volume or glial volume in the proximal subfield but caused a strong tendency for astrocytic processes to make up a larger proportion of the tissue and for volume of tissue made of constituents other than glial cells (primarily neuronal processes) to be smaller in the middle subfield. Within the neuropil, there were no cellular or subcellular profiles that indicated degeneration, suggesting that corticosterone does not cause prolonged damage. Corticosterone did not reduce cell number or cell or nonperforated synapse size but did cause a pronounced loss of synapses. This loss occurred in both subfields and, therefore, was independent of volume loss. Together, the findings suggest that volume measures can underestimate corticosterone effects on neural structure.

  16. Capturing the stories behind the numbers: the Auckland Regional Community Stroke Study (ARCOS IV), a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Sandy J; Theadom, Alice; Jones, Amy; Hocking, Clare; Feigin, Valery; Krishnamurthi, Rita; Kent, Bruce; Barker-Collo, Suzanne; McPherson, Kathryn M

    2014-01-01

    Qualitative data can add value and understanding to more traditional epidemiological studies. This study was designed to complement the quantitative data from the incidence study the Auckland Regional Community Stroke Study or ARCOS-IV by using qualitative methods to uncover the richer detail of life as a stroke survivor, thereby extending our understanding of the impact of stroke. The aims of the study were to identify how the experience of recovery and adaptation changes over time after stroke; and to elicit the strategies people with stroke and their whānau/family use and find helpful in living life after stroke. The aim of this paper is to describe the methodology and also the challenges and advantages of embedding qualitative research into a large epidemiological study. Longitudinal study utilizing a Qualitative Description design in a subset of those taking part in the incidence study. Participants will be interviewed at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after stroke. Semistructured interviews will explore three key areas: (1) issues of importance to people following a stroke and their whānau/family; (2) the perceived impact on people's sense of recovery, adaptation, and hopes; and (3) key strategies that people with stroke and their whānau/family use and find most helpful in living life after stroke. Thematic analysis will be conducted using iterative constant comparative methods. This methodology paper demonstrates the application of mixed methods in epidemiology. It also considers some of the practical and methodological issues that have emerged and may provide a useful framework for other qualitative projects in population-based studies. © 2013 The Authors. International Journal of Stroke © 2013 World Stroke Organization.

  17. Contemporary American Success Stories. Famous People of Asian Ancestry. Volume IV. A Mitchell Lane Multicultural Biography Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvis, Barbara J.

    This collection of biographical sketches presents role models of Asian American descent for American children. As part of the five-volume series written at a reading level for grades five to six, the success stories of the individuals profiled in this volume, and who have encountered racial prejudice and discrimination, remind all of the unique…

  18. Secondary School Mathematics, Chapter 15, The Real Number System, Chapter 16, Area, Volume, and Computation. Student's Text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.

    Topics covered in the first chapter of Unit 8 of this SMSG series include square roots, operations with radicals, operations with real numbers, and the structure of the real number system. The second chapter deals with measurement of area (for rectangular regions, other polygons, and circles), volume and surface area, computation involving…

  19. Volume Growth, Number of Ends and the Topology of a Complete Submanifold

    CERN Document Server

    Gimeno, Vicent

    2011-01-01

    Given a complete isometric immersion $\\phi: P^m \\longrightarrow N^n$ in an ambient Riemannian manifold $N^n$ with a pole and with radial sectional curvatures bounded from above by the corresponding radial sectional curvatures of a radially symmetric space $M^n_w$, we determine a set of conditions on the extrinsic curvatures of $P$ that guarantees that the immersion is proper and that $P$ has finite topology, in the line of the paper "On Submanifolds With Tamed Second Fundamental Form", (Glasgow Mathematical Journal, 51, 2009), authored by G. Pacelli Bessa and M. Silvana Costa. When the ambient manifold is a radially symmetric space, it is shown an inequality between the (extrinsic) volume growth of a complete and minimal submanifold and its number of ends which generalizes the classical inequality stated in Anderson's paper "The compactification of a minimal submanifold by the Gauss Map", (Preprint IEHS, 1984), for complete and minimal submanifolds in $\\erre^n$. We obtain as a corollary the corresponding ineq...

  20. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 15, Number 6, July-August 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    laboratory specialist; cytology specialist; hemodialysis technician; medical, histopathology, cytotechnology apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman; iv...reported by August 7, 2007 and 2008 †Seventy medical events/conditions specified by Tri-Service Reportable Events Guidelines and Case Definitions , May...Service Reportable Events Guidelines and Case Definitions , May 2004. Note: Completeness and timeliness of reporting vary by facility. JULY – AUGUST

  1. Interstellar neutral helium in the heliosphere from IBEX observations. IV. Flow vector, Mach number, and abundance of the Warm Breeze

    CERN Document Server

    Kubiak, M A; Bzowski, M; Sokol, J M; Fuselier, S A; Galli, A; Heirtzler, D; Kucharek, H; Leonard, T W; Moebius, D J McComas E; Park, J; Schwadron, N A; Wurz, P

    2016-01-01

    With the velocity vector and temperature of the pristine interstellar neutral (ISN) He recently obtained with high precision from a coordinated analysis summarized by McComas et al.2015b, we analyzed the IBEX observations of neutral He left out from this analysis. These observations were collected during the ISN observation seasons 2010---2014 and cover the region in the Earth's orbit where the Warm Breeze persists. We used the same simulation model and a very similar parameter fitting method to that used for the analysis of ISN He. We approximated the parent population of the Warm Breeze in front of the heliosphere with a homogeneous Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function and found a temperature of $\\sim 9\\,500$ K, an inflow speed of 11.3 km s$^{-1}$, and an inflow longitude and latitude in the J2000 ecliptic coordinates $251.6^\\circ$, $12.0^\\circ$. The abundance of the Warm Breeze relative to the interstellar neutral He is 5.7\\% and the Mach number is 1.97. The newly found inflow direction of the Warm Bree...

  2. Independent Verification and Validation Of SAPHIRE 8 Volume 3 Users' Guide Project Number: N6423 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kent Norris

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of the Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) role in the evaluation of the SAPHIRE 8 Volume 3 Users’ Guide is to assess the user documentation for its completeness, correctness, and consistency with respect to requirements for user interface and for any functionality that can be invoked by the user. The IV&V team began this endeavor after the software engineering and software development of SAPHIRE had already been in production.

  3. INTERSTELLAR NEUTRAL HELIUM IN THE HELIOSPHERE FROM IBEX OBSERVATIONS. IV. FLOW VECTOR, MACH NUMBER, AND ABUNDANCE OF THE WARM BREEZE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kubiak, Marzena A.; Swaczyna, P.; Bzowski, M.; Sokół, J. M. [Space Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences (CBK PAN), 00-716 Warsaw (Poland); Fuselier, S. A.; McComas, D. J. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States); Galli, A.; Wurz, P. [Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Heirtzler, D.; Kucharek, H.; Leonard, T. W.; Möbius, E.; Park, J.; Schwadron, N. A., E-mail: mkubiak@cbk.waw.pl [Space Science Center and Department of Physics, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)

    2016-04-15

    Following the high-precision determination of the velocity vector and temperature of the pristine interstellar neutral (ISN) He via a coordinated analysis summarized by McComas et al., we analyzed the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) observations of neutral He left out from this analysis. These observations were collected during the ISN observation seasons 2010–2014 and cover the region in the Earth's orbit where the Warm Breeze (WB) persists. We used the same simulation model and a parameter fitting method very similar to that used for the analysis of ISN He. We approximated the parent population of the WB in front of the heliosphere with a homogeneous Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution function and found a temperature of ∼9500 K, an inflow speed of 11.3 km s{sup −1}, and an inflow longitude and latitude in the J2000 ecliptic coordinates 251.°6, 12.°0. The abundance of the WB relative to ISN He is 5.7% and the Mach number is 1.97. The newly determined inflow direction of the WB, the inflow directions of ISN H and ISN He, and the direction to the center of the IBEX Ribbon are almost perfectly co-planar, and this plane coincides within relatively narrow statistical uncertainties with the plane fitted only to the inflow directions of ISN He, ISN H, and the WB. This co-planarity lends support to the hypothesis that the WB is the secondary population of ISN He and that the center of the Ribbon coincides with the direction of the local interstellar magnetic field (ISMF). The common plane for the direction of the inflow of ISN gas, ISN H, the WB, and the local ISMF is given by the normal direction: ecliptic longitude 349.°7 ± 0.°6 and latitude 35.°7 ± 0.6 in the J2000 coordinates, with a correlation coefficient of 0.85.

  4. ONR Far East Scientific Bulletin. Volume 8, Number 3, July-September 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-01

    34precision"~ while a child might be named " happy boy," both pronounced the same way, but written completely differently. In terms of the structure of...Elaborateness West Sailing Concentrate Happy Boy 413-502 C 83 - 2 o 11 Table IV LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS ENGLISH JA PA NESE Digital expression Analog...States, spending more time inside the session rooms rather than conversing in the hall. Many people were furiously taking notes. Typically, the

  5. Air Force Journal of Logistics. Volume 30, Number 3, Fall 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    efficiencies. 4-year competitive undergraduate scholarships each year It is fundamental that the DoD support (Category 6.1 and 6.2) investments that can...transformation iv. Create and engage best minds of the nation through broad science and engineering scholarship strategy to illustrate the programs and...declining industrial base, flat or mantain aser at of inetory and fewe ruprsn e,declnin deens buget, frce rawown, ad bse losres maintain a smaller

  6. Air & Space Power Journal. Volume 28, Number 5, September-October 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    5. September-October 2014 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f...Performance Evaluation of a Forward Arming and Refueling Point (FARP) Using Discrete Event Simulation,” Graduate Research Project AFIT/ MLM / ENS/05...inexpensive “off-the- shelf” light aircraft to be attached to existing advisory units; (3) estab- lish novel partnerships with contract service providers

  7. West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume IV. Bibliography and supporting data for physical oceanography. Final report. [421 references

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.)

    1983-02-01

    This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Volume IV contains the following: bibliography; appendices for supporting data for physical oceanography, and summary of the physical oceanography along the western Louisiana coast.

  8. Nuclear proliferation and civilian nuclear power. Report of the Nonproliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program. Volume IV. Commercial potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-01

    This volume of the Nonproliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program (NASAP) report provides time and cost estimates for positioning new nuclear power systems for commercial deployment. The assessment also estimates the rates at which the new systems might penetrate the domestic market, assuming the continuing viability of the massive light-water reactor network that now exists worldwide. This assessment does not recommend specific, detailed program plans and budgets for individual systems; however, it is clear from this analysis that any of the systems investigated could be deployed if dictated by national interest.

  9. Electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of organic solid-state materials IV. Materials Research Society, symposium proceedings Volume 488

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, J.R.; Jen, A.K.Y.; Rubner, M.F.; Chiang, L.Y.; Dalton, L.R. [eds.

    1998-07-01

    The symposium, Electrical, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of Organic Solid-State Materials IV, was sponsored by the Materials Research Society and held December 1--5, 1997, in Boston, Massachusetts. Early studies of charge transport in conducting polymers have evolved from the elucidation of fundamental structure/function relationships to applications as batteries, simple electrical devices such as diodes, chemical sensors, antistatic coatings, microwave and millimeter wave-absorbing materials, and photochromic devices. A particularly exciting evolution has been the discovery and development of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) which appear to be nearing commercialization in an amazingly short period of time. This application is of particular interest because both electrical and optical properties must be considered, and these have been important parallel themes of the conference. Moreover, nanostructure control is important for OLEDs, and nanoscale architectural engineering has been an increasingly important theme of the conference. Indeed, not only has the study of conjugated (quasidelocalized) electrons in organic solid-state materials resulted in interesting physical properties and device applications, but the desire to exploit these properties has promoted the development of new synthesis and processing methodologies to achieve special nanoscale and microscale structures. One hundred five papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  10. The Journal of Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching. Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Donald, Ed.

    1979-01-01

    This volume presents articles on aspects of suggestive learning with emphasis on foreign language instruction. The following articles and reviews are included: (1) "Biofeedback in Holistic Education," by Larry O. Rouse; (2) "Report on the Helsinki Suggestopedia Seminar, June, 1978," by Kjell Weinius; (3) "Suggestology and…

  11. Journal of the Society for Accelerative Learning and Teaching; Volume 12, Number 1-4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Don, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    The basic focus on this journal, which publishes a wide variety of articles on suggestive and accelerative learning, is Suggestopedia theory, research, and application. Articles in the volume presented here include: "The Effects of Superlearning on Retention/Hypermnesia of Rare English Words in College Students" (Lynn D. Anderson);…

  12. Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia. Volume 3, Numbers 2, 3, 1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzouz, Azzedine; And Others

    A two volume, 200-item bibliography with English abstracts of books and articles in English and French dating from 1957 offers information on various aspects of education in Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. Emphasis is placed on sections dealing with educational organization in primary, secondary, vocational, and higher education; and…

  13. Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia. Volume 2, Numbers 1, 2, 3, 1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzouz, Azzedine; And Others

    Three volumes comprise a 375-item bibliography with abstracts of books and articles in English, French, Italian, and Arabic that provides information on various aspects of education in the Maghreb countries of Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. Each entry identifies the country with which it is concerned, and foreign language titles are…

  14. The Entrepreneurial Domains of American Higher Education. ASHE Higher Education Report, Volume 34, Number 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mars, Matthew M.; Metcalf, Amy Scott

    2009-01-01

    This volume draws on a diverse set of literatures to represent the various ways in which entrepreneurship is understood in and applied to higher education. It provides a platform for debate for those considering applications of entrepreneurial principles to academic research and practices. Using academic entrepreneurship in the United States as…

  15. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 76, Number 2, March-April 1933

    Science.gov (United States)

    1933-04-01

    March 10, whi!e combing the 7 mc. amateur band for dx stations in the ARRL tests I heard W6AOR, Los Angeles, Calif., trying to raise Sacramento in vain...volume of approximately 1050 pages. Due to its size and the extent of the discussions it contains, the book can hardly be considered an engineers handbook .

  16. German Studies in the United States: Assessment and Outlook. Monatshefte Occasional Volume Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohnes, Walter F. W., Ed.; Nollendorfs, Valters, Ed.

    This volume focuses on two principal aspects of German studies in the United States: (1) an assessment of the German-teaching profession from primary to graduate school, with attention to its "raison d'etre" in the present academic, social, and cultural situation, as well as its structures, aims, and personnel; and (2) strategies for survival and…

  17. The Journal of Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching. Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Donald, Ed.

    1979-01-01

    This volume presents articles on aspects of suggestive learning with emphasis on foreign language instruction. The following articles and reviews are included: (1) "Biofeedback in Holistic Education," by Larry O. Rouse; (2) "Report on the Helsinki Suggestopedia Seminar, June, 1978," by Kjell Weinius; (3) "Suggestology and Suggestopedia Revisited,"…

  18. The Journal of Healthcare, Science and the Humanities. Volume 2, Number 2, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    basis of the SAFE strategy (surgery, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, environmental improvement) used by the International Trachoma Initiative’s...Volume II, No. 2, 2012 83 Traditionally, the Fulani are nomadic, pastoralists, and traders who herd cattle ...Ghana, Liberia the Sudan) contain stagnant water that is used to allow the cattle , goats and sheep to drink from. The Mossi, on the other hand, are

  19. Quality, Social Justice and Accountability in Education Worldwide. BCES Conference Books, Volume 13. Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popov, Nikolay, Ed.; Wolhuter, Charl, Ed.; Ermenc, Klara Skubic, Ed.; Hilton, Gillian, Ed.; Ogunleye, James, Ed.; Niemczyk, Ewelina, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    The Annual International Conference of the Bulgarian Comparative Education Society is now running in its thirteenth year. From its modest beginnings thirteen years ago, to its impressive size today, a tradition has been the production of a conference book, consistently launched on the first day of the conference each year. This year, Volume 13 of…

  20. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 16, Number 12, December 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B...facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis...Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c

  1. Homeschooling in Indiana: A Closer Look. Education Policy Brief. Volume 3, Number 7, Summer 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunzman, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Homeschooling is quickly becoming a significant educational phenomenon. According to the Indiana Department of Education, the number of Indiana homeschooled children has increased by 400 percent over the past eight years, with a current enrollment total of 22,403. Furthermore, this number likely understates the true number of Indiana homeschooled…

  2. Sperry Low Temperature Geothermal Conversion System, Phase I and Phase II. Volume IV. Field activities. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harvey, C.

    1984-01-01

    This volume describes those activities which took place at the Sperry DOE Gravity Head plant site at the East Mesa Geothermal Reservoir near Holtville, California between February 1980, when site preparation was begun, and November 1982, when production well 87-6 was permanently abandoned. Construction activities were terminated in July 1981 following the liner collapse in well 87-6. Large amounts of program time manpower, materials, and funds had been diverted in a nine-month struggle to salvage the production well. Once these efforts proved futile, there was no rationale for continuing with the site work unless and until sufficient funding to duplicate well 87-6 was obtained. Activities reported here include: plant construction and pre-operational calibration and testing, drilling and completion of well 87-6, final repair effort on well 87-6, abandonment of well 87-6, and performance evaluation of well 87.6. (MHR)

  3. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 23, Number 2, February 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-06

    provides insight into possible surveil- lance artifacts and can help pinpoint areas for improvement. Th e notable drop in lab- oratory testing volume...Excludes individuals medically evacuated from CENTCOM and/or hospitalized in Landstuhl, Germany, within 10 days prior to death. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Ja nu...f h os pi ta liz at io ns Motorcycle accident-related hospitalizations Other MVA-related hospitalizations Deployment-related Conditions of Special

  4. Air and Space Power Journal - Africa and Francophonie. Volume 7, Number 3, 3rd Quarter, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    and changes to ocean buoyancy caused by melting ice may influence submarine op- erations.4 The 2010 US Quadrennial Defense Review was the first to...and for Conflict Prevention , Including through Peace Missions Shirley V. Scott, PhD Shahedul Khan Volume 7, No. 3 A S P J–A frica and Francophonie...Courts and Tribunals, and Climate Change and Conflict Prevention

  5. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 17, Number 06, June 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    timeliness of reporting vary by facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter ...locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2009 2010...Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c

  6. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 16, Number 9, September 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    vary by facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A...31 August 2009 Air Force Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella

  7. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 11, Number 1, January 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    acute and rehabilitative care (e.g., physical therapy , prosthetics) received by affected servicemembers.2 Of interest, while the numbers of...Vaccine PreventableNumber of reports all events3 Giardia Hepatitis B Varicella 2. Events reported by January 7, 2003 and 2004. Shigella Sentinel

  8. Application analysis of solar total energy systems to the residential sector. Volume IV, market penetration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-07-01

    This volume first describes the residential consumption of energy in each of the 11 STES regions by fuel type and end-use category. The current and projected costs and availability of fossil fuels and electricity for the STES regions are reported. Projections are made concerning residential building construction and the potential market for residential STES. The effects of STES ownership options, institutional constraints, and possible government actions on market penetration potential were considered. Capital costs for two types of STES were determined, those based on organic Rankine cycle (ORC) heat engines and those based on flat plate, water-cooled photovoltaic arrays. Both types of systems utilized parabolic trough collectors. The capital cost differential between conventional and STE systems was calculated on an incremental cost per dwelling unit for comparison with projected fuel savings in the market penetration analysis. The market penetration analysis was planned in two phases, a preliminary analysis of each of the geographical regions for each of the STE systems considered; and a final, more precise analysis of those regions and systems showing promise of significant market penetration. However, the preliminary analysis revealed no geographical regions in which any of the STES considered promised to be competitive with conventional energy systems using utility services at the prices projected for future energy supplies in the residential market. Because no promising situations were found, the analysis was directed toward an examination of the parameters involved in an effort to identify those factors which make a residential STES less attractive than similar systems in the commercial and industrial areas. Results are reported. (WHK)

  9. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 17, Number 03, March 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    of reporting vary by facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella...reporting vary by facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella...of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2009 2010 2009 2010

  10. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 16, Number 11, November 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    timeliness of reporting vary by facility. Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella...reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008...Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2008 2009 2008 2009

  11. Effect of the volume of medium and number of oocytes during in vitro fertilization on embryo development in pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, Maria Antonia; Abeydeera, Lalantha R; Day, Billy N; Vazquez, Juan M; Roca, Jordi; Martinez, Emilio A

    2003-09-01

    The present study was designed to determine the effect of the volume of medium (VM) and the number of oocytes (NOOC) during in vitro fertilization (IVF) on embryo development in pigs. Groups of 15, 30 and 50 in vitro matured oocytes were transferred to 2, 1 and 0.1 ml of modified Tris-buffered medium (mTBM) and inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa (2000 spermatozoa/oocyte) in a 3 x 3 factorial experiment. A total of 2739 oocytes from four replicates were exposed to spermatozoa for 6 h and then cultured in embryo culture medium for 6 h (pronuclear formation) or 7 days (blastocyst formation: BF). The efficiency of fertilization (EF: number of monospermic oocytes/total number of inseminated oocytes) and BF decreased (PIVF medium (0.1 ml) and the number of oocytes during IVF (30-50) can improve the in vitro embryo production in pigs.

  12. Three-dimensional sensitivity distribution and sample volume of low-induction-number electromagnetic-induction instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callegary, J.B.; Ferre, T. P. A.; Groom, R.W.

    2012-01-01

    There is an ongoing effort to improve the understanding of the correlation of soil properties with apparent soil electrical conductivity as measured by low-induction-number electromagnetic-induction (LIN FEM) instruments. At a minimum, the dimensions of LIN FEM instruments' sample volume, the spatial distribution of sensitivity within that volume, and implications for surveying and analyses must be clearly defined and discussed. Therefore, a series of numerical simulations was done in which a conductive perturbation was moved systematically through homogeneous soil to elucidate the three-dimensional sample volume of LIN FEM instruments. For a small perturbation with electrical conductivity similar to that of the soil, instrument response is a measure of local sensitivity (LS). Our results indicate that LS depends strongly on the orientation of the instrument's transmitter and receiver coils and includes regions of both positive and negative LS. Integration of the absolute value of LS from highest to lowest was used to contour cumulative sensitivity (CS). The 90% CS contour was used to define the sample volume. For both horizontal and vertical coplanar coil orientations, the longest dimension of the sample volume was at the surface along the main instrument axis with a length of about four times the intercoil spacing (s) with maximum thicknesses of about 1 and 0.3 s, respectively. The imaged distribution of spatial sensitivity within the sample volume is highly complex and should be considered in conjunction with the expected scale of heterogeneity before the use and interpretation of LIN FEM for mapping and profiling. ?? Soil Science Society of America.

  13. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1994. Volume 19, Number 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index, personal author index, subject index, NRC originating organization index (staff reports), NRC originating organization index (international agreements), NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports), contractor index, international organization index, and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  14. East and Central African Journal of Surgery Volume 15 Number 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Background: Injury continues to account for a large number of clients attending emergency department in ... One million and two hundred people died as a result of road traffic collisions. ..... This finding is in conformity with the pattern of road ...

  15. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1997. Volume 22, Number 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  16. Defense AT&L (Volume 36, Number 5, September-October 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-01

    Defense AT&L: September-October 2007 “Trust is critical when our products reach every soldier, everywhere, every day,” said Army Lt. Col. John Lemon ...3Number the pages in your manuscript andput your name on every page. It makes ourlife so much easier if we happen to drop a stack of papers and your

  17. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 11, Number 4, July/August 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-08-01

    diagnosis, and treatment of imported malaria. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Sep 11;160(16):2505-10. 2. Baird JK, Hoffman SL. Primaquine therapy for malaria...System. Reporting location Food-borne Vaccine PreventableNumber of reports all events3 Giardia Hepatitis B Varicella 2 Events reported by September 7

  18. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 6, Number 9, November 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-11-01

    Events are not displayed in this table. Cold Heat Campylobacter Giardia Salmonella Shigella 2. Events reported by November 7, 1999 and 2000. Number of...hospitalizations. Three percent of survivors were rehospitalized due to their injuries, 66% required outpatient physical therapy (data from 1998 and 1999

  19. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 12, Number 2, March 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    U.S. Military Health System, CY2004 Medical department 1. Excludes transfers and single day chemotherapy or radiation therapy ...bacter Giardia Salmonella cumulative numbers2 for calendar years through March 31, 2005 and 2006 Shigella Hepatitis B Varicella Sentinel reportable

  20. CrossTalk: The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 20, Number 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Still, within the crowds we find insight. On his daily commute from Reston, John David Mortensen got off the escalator, located the violinist ...tickets. He remembered every number he played but doesn’t recall what the violinist played. When told he was one of the best musicians in the world

  1. Program Manager: Journal of the Defense Management College, Volume 23 Number 4, July-August 1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-01

    Caruth Typography and Design Paula Croisetiere P’rograim Ma1nager (ISSN OtQY-7t 14) is Published bimonthly by the Defense Systems EQ 0 Management College...provides a standard black-and-white cover without illustrations showing the title, author, TR number and DSMC logo and similar title page. -The TRs

  2. High Training Volumes are Associated with a Low Number of Self-Reported Sick Days in Elite Endurance Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Mårtensson, Kristina Nordebo, Christer Malm

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available It has been proposed that high exercise loads increase the risk of infection, most frequently reported as upper respiratory tract infections, by suppressing the immune system. Most athletes will not train when experiencing sickness due to the fear of health complications. However, high training volumes are incompatible with high rates of non-training days, regardless of the cause. The purpose of this observational study was to examine the relationship between self-reported, exercise-constraining days of sickness (days when the athlete decided not to train due to symptoms of disease, either self-reported or by a physician and the volumes of exercise training in elite endurance athletes by analyzing data from training logs kept for several years. The subjects included 11 elite endurance athletes (8 male, 3 female competing at national and international levels in cross-country skiing, biathlon and long-distance running. Training logs available from these 11 subjects added to a total of 61 training years. The number of training hours per year (462, 79-856; median, range was significantly and negatively correlated to the reported number of days not training due to sickness (15, 0-164 by a 3rd degree polynomial regression (R2 = 0.48, F ratio = 18, p < 0.0001. We conclude that elite endurance athletes can achieve high training volumes only if they also experience few sick-days.

  3. Characterization of Volume F Trash from Four Recent STS Missions: Microbial Occurrence, Numbers, and Identifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strayer, Richard F.; Hummerick, Mary E.; Richards, Jeffrey T.; McCoy, LaShelle E.; Roberts, Michael S.; Wheeler, Raymond M.

    2011-01-01

    The fate of space-generated solid wastes, including trash, for future missions is under consideration by NASA. Several potential treatment options are under active technology development. Potential fates for space-generated solid wastes: Storage without treatment; storage after treatment(s) including volume reduction, water recovery, sterilization, and recovery plus recycling of waste materials. For this study, a microbial characterization was made on trash returned from four recent STS missions. The material analyzed were 'Volume F' trash and other bags of accompanying trash. This is the second of two submitted papers on these wastes. This first one covered trash content, weight and water content. Upon receipt, usually within 2 days of landing, trash contents were catalogued and placed into categories: drink containers, food waste, personal hygiene items, and packaging materials, i.e., plastic film and duct tape. Microbial counts were obtained with cultivatable counts on agar media and direct counts using Acridine Orange fluorescent stain (AODC). Trash bag surfaces, 25 square cm , were also sampled. Direct counts were approximately 1 x 10(exp 6) microbes/square cm and cultivatable counts ranged from 1 x 10 to 1 X 10(exp 4) microbes/ square cm-2. Aerobic microbes, aerobic sporeformers, and yeasts plus molds were common for all four missions. Waste items from each category were placed into sterile ziplock bags and 1.5 L sterile DI water added. These were then dispersed by hand shaking for 2 min. prior to inoculation of count media or determining AODC. In general, cultivatable microbes were found in drinks, food wastes, and personal hygiene items. Direct counts were usually higher than cultivatable counts. Some pathogens were found: Staphylococcus auerus, Escherichia coli (fecal wastes). Count ranges: drink pouches - AODC 2 x 10(exp 6) to 1 X 10(exp 8) g(sub fw) (exp -1); cultivatable counts variable between missions; food wastes: Direct counts were close to aerobic

  4. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 17, Number 11, November 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B...Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009...of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2009 2010 2009 2010

  5. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 17, Number 10, October 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella c 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009...vary by facility. Navy Reporting locations Number of reports all eventsb Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella...Campylo- bacter Salmonella Shigella Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Varicella d 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 Air

  6. Crosstalk: The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 21, Number 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    ICD-related actions comprised 190 (or one-third) of the total number of actions. A second aspect of interface man- agement was in contract costs. From a...industry standard programming languages such as eXtensi- ble Markup Language (XML), Web Services Description Language (WSDL), and others. These basic WS...Drivers Demand situations Underlying Infrastructures Figure 1: Matrix Stratification With Exemplar Entities AActivities are grouped by the different sets of

  7. CrossTalk: The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 18, Number 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    recommends a number of architectural practices that will help programs avoid or mitigate these dangers. by Rich McCabe and Mike Polen Identifying Your...members during multiple iterations Effective Practices for Object-Oriented System Software Architecting Rich McCabe and Mike Polen Systems and...Phone: (703) 742-7289 Fax: (703) 742-7200 E-mail: mccabe@systemsand software.org Michael Polen is a sen- ior member of the tech- nical staff at the

  8. Defense Acquisition Research Journal. Volume 20, Number 2, Issue 66, July 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    original document contains color images. 14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF...electricity made upgrading candles (for practical lighting) obsolete. The advent of low-profile, stealth-like characteristics made many sur- face-to... Color of money 101. Defense Acquisition University presentation to DMSMS and Standardization Conference, Hollywood, FL. Heuristic. (n.d.). In

  9. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 4, Number 1, January 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    medical treatment facilities* December, 1997 Total number Environmental Injuries Viral Hepatitis Salmonellosis Shigella Varicella Reporting of...duration may be useful to detect multifocal outbreaks of “emerging” infectious diseases, to assess their sizes and distributions, and to track the...Heat exhaustion 4 51 84 5 144 Salmonellosis 17 38 95 49 199 Heat stroke 6 13 31 2 52 Schistosomiasis 0 0 0 0 0 Hemorrhagic fever 0 0 0 2 2

  10. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 3, Number 4, June 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-06-01

    sentinel reportable diseases, US Army Medical Treatment Facilities* May, 1997 Total number Environmental Injuries Viral Hepatitis Salmonellosis Shigella...uncommon1,3. During March and April 1997, an outbreak of suspected spider bites occurred among trainees of five basic training companies at Fort Benning...laundry facility cleaned all trainee linen Outbreak Investigation MSMRVol. 03 / No. 04 11 and TA-50 (i.e., individual field equipment). This

  11. Title list of documents made publicly available: November 1--30, 1997. Volume 19, Number 11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    This document is a monthly publication containing descriptions of information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. The following indexes are included: Personal Author, Corporate source, Report Number, and Cross Reference of Enclosures to Principal Documents.

  12. Title list of documents made publicly available: December 1--31, 1996. Volume 18, Number 12

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This document is a monthly publication containing descriptions of information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials, and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. The following indexes are included: Personal Author, Corporate Source, Report Number, and Cross Reference of Enclosures to Principal Documents.

  13. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 14, Number 5, August 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    in severely traumatized soft tissues are not well understood. Non-steroidal anti-infl ammatory drugs and localized radiation therapy have been eff...Shigella Hepatitis B Varicella Reporting locations Number of reports all events† Food-borne Vaccine preventable Campylo- bacter Giardia Salmonella...preventable Campylo- bacter Giardia Salmonella VOL. 14 / NO. 5 • AUGUST 2007 29 Sentinel reportable events for service members and benefi ciaries at U.S

  14. Title list of documents made publicly available: August 1--31, 1997. Volume 19, Number 8

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    This document is a monthly publication containing descriptions of information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. The following indexes are included: Personal Author, Corporate Source, Report Number, and Cross Reference of Enclosures to Principal Documents.

  15. Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data 1996 annual report. Volume 10, Number 1: Reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This annual report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) describes activities conducted during 1996. The report is published in three parts. NUREG-1272, Vol. 10, No. 1, covers power reactors and presents an overview of the operating experience of the nuclear power industry from the NRC perspective, including comments about trends of some key performance measures. The report also includes the principal findings and issues identified in AEOD studies over the past year and summarizes information from such sources as licensee event reports and reports to the NRC`s Operations Center. NUREG-1272, Vol. 10, No. 2, covers nuclear materials and presents a review of the events and concerns during 1996 associated with the use of licensed material in nonreactor applications, such as personnel overexposures and medical misadministrations. Both reports also contain a discussion of the Incident Investigation Team program and summarize both the Incident Investigation Team and Augmented Inspection Team reports. Each volume contains a list of the AEOD reports issued from CY 1980 through 1996. NUREG-1272, Vol. 10, No. 3, covers technical training and presents the activities of the Technical Training Center in support of the NRC`s mission in 1996.

  16. Title list of documents made publicly available: February 1--28, 1995. Volume 17, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    This monthly publication contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. NRC documents that are publicly available may be examined without charge at the NRC Public Document Room (PDR).

  17. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 79, Number 3, May-June 1936

    Science.gov (United States)

    1936-06-01

    Corregidor News Letter - Panama Canal De- partment News Lette-r-Hawaiian News Lette-r-Fort Barrancas Notes - News from Fort MaeArthur- Notes from the Harbor...proud of the fact that the 25 Ist is a part of his command. After the presentation ceremonies the regiment, in mass formation , took part in the...machine-gun battalion, which in turn reduces the number of rounds that can be I1red on a particular formation of attacking airplanes. ’The

  18. Title list of documents made publicly available: September 1--30, 1996. Volume 18, Number 9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    The report describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  19. Title list of documents made publicly available: October 1--31, 1994. Volume 16, Number 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  20. Title list of documents made publicly available: February 1--29, 1996. Volume 18, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  1. Title list of documents made publicly available. Volume 16, Number 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-07-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  2. ONRASIA Scientific Information Bulletin. Volume 17, Number 2, Apr-Jun 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-01

    representative Saito depending on the observer’s viewpoint familiar with these from a large number explained that 3D is considered the is called autostereoscopic ...with other aspects of One American remarked to me that he one of a 50-inch autostereoscopic 3D this symposium. One of the most impres- didn’t...SONATINA 87 5 3.2 4.0 WIND 3D Wind Field Calculation RELAP5 90 5 3.2 4.6 Code WIND 96 15 3.3 5.0 JPEC 99 14 4.0 7.0 JPEC JAERI Performance Evalua- LLLC

  3. Title list of documents made publicly available: May 1--31, 1997. Volume 19, Number 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  4. Title list of documents made publicly available: April 1--30, 1996. Volume 18, Number 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    This publication describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) non-docketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  5. Title list of documents made publicly available, March 1--31, 1998. Volume 20, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    The Title List of Documents Made Publicly Available is a monthly publication. It describes the information received and published by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and published by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a personal author index, a corporate source index, and a report number index.

  6. Title list of documents made publicly available: June 1--30, 1995. Volume 17, Number 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This monthly publication contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed does not refer to Court dockets; it refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index.

  7. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 6, Number 2, February 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-02-01

    Number of reported events3 Environmental Food- and Water-borne Cold Heat Campylobacter Giardia Salmonella Shigella MSMRVol. 06 / No. 02 5 Table I...category (diet therapy , physiology, surgery, and biomedical equipment maintenance/repair); three were in the “combat” category (small boat operator...1,154 802 1.82 1.70 1.95 Students 1,122 1,096 1.73 1.63 1.84 Small boat operators 2,595 2,324 1.67 1.60 1.74 Diet therapy 2,164 2,183 1.67 1.60 1.74

  8. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 85, Number 4, July-August 1942

    Science.gov (United States)

    1942-08-01

    of what he could see. The planes peeled 011’ one by one and began to dive at separate targets. One hummed down toward the battery. The captain grabbed...of the sap. Death may result if the fruit is eaten. The mango has leathery, green, lance-shaped leaves, a rough, gray-brown bark and a large trunk...the mango develop a rash merely by walking or resting under the tree. In the Philippines are found a number of shrubs and trees which fall in the

  9. Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ban-Weiss, George A.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Harley, Robert A.

    2009-04-10

    Average particle number concentrations and size distributions from {approx}61,000 light-duty (LD) vehicles and {approx}2500 medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) trucks were measured during the summer of 2006 in a San Francisco Bay area traffic tunnel. One of the traffic bores contained only LD vehicles, and the other contained mixed traffic, allowing pollutants to be apportioned between LD vehicles and diesel trucks. Particle number emission factors (particle diameter D{sub p} > 3 nm) were found to be (3.9 {+-} 1.4) x 10{sup 14} and (3.3 {+-} 1.3) x 10{sup 15} kg{sup -1} fuel burned for LD vehicles and diesel trucks, respectively. Size distribution measurements showed that diesel trucks emitted at least an order of magnitude more particles for all measured sizes (10 < D{sub p} < 290 nm) per unit mass of fuel burned. The relative importance of LD vehicles as a source of particles increased as D{sub p} decreased. Comparing the results from this study to previous measurements at the same site showed that particle number emission factors have decreased for both LD vehicles and diesel trucks since 1997. Integrating size distributions with a volume weighting showed that diesel trucks emitted 28 {+-} 11 times more particles by volume than LD vehicles, consistent with the diesel/gasoline emission factor ratio for PM{sub 2.5} mass measured using gravimetric analysis of Teflon filters, reported in a companion paper.

  10. Penicillin-induced epilepsy model in rats: dose-dependant effect on hippocampal volume and neuron number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdogan, Ilgaz; Adiguzel, Esat; Yilmaz, Ismail; Ozdemir, M Bulent; Sahiner, Melike; Tufan, A Cevik

    2008-10-22

    This study was designed to evaluate the penicillin-induced epilepsy model in terms of dose-response relationship of penicillin used to induce epilepsy seizure on hippocampal neuron number and hippocampal volume in Sprague-Dawley rats. Seizures were induced with 300, 500, 1500 and 2000IU of penicillin-G injected intracortically in rats divided in four experimental groups, respectively. Control group was injected intracortically with saline. Animals were decapitated on day 7 of treatment and brains were removed. The total neuron number of pyramidal cell layer from rat hippocampus was estimated using the optical fractionator method. The volume of same hippocampal areas was estimated using the Cavalieri method. Dose-dependent decrease in hippocampal neuron number was observed in three experimental groups (300, 500 and 1500IU of penicillin-G), and the effects were statistically significant when compared to the control group (P<0.009). Dose-dependent decrease in hippocampal volume, on the other hand, was observed in all three of these groups; however, the difference compared to the control group was only statistically significant in 1500IU of penicillin-G injected group (P<0.009). At the dose of 2000IU penicillin-G, all animals died due to status seizures. These results suggest that the appropriate dose of penicillin has to be selected for a given experimental epilepsy study in order to demonstrate the relevant epileptic seizure and its effects. Intracortical 1500IU penicillin-induced epilepsy model may be a good choice to practice studies that investigate neuroprotective mechanisms of the anti-epileptic drugs.

  11. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 2, Number 11, November 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    identical numbers of index and referent months. For analysis purposes, each index and referent month pair was character- ized in relation to gender , age...M E D I C A L S U R V E I L L A N C E M O N T H L Y R E P O R T msmr A publication of the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Branch NOVEMBER...2014 Lee Hurt, DrPH, MS; Saixia Ying, PhD S U M M A R Y T A B L E S A N D F I G U R E S P A G E 2 2 Deployment- related conditions of special

  12. Title list of documents made publicly available: January 1--31, 1996. Volume 18, Number 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This monthly publication contains descriptions of the information received and generated by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This information includes (1) docketed material associated with civilian nuclear power plants and other uses of radioactive materials and (2) nondocketed material received and generated by NRC pertinent to its role as a regulatory agency. As used here, docketed refers to the system by which NRC maintains its regulatory records. This series of documents is indexed by a Personal Author Index, a Corporate Source Index, and a Report Number Index. Some of the topics relate to: low-level radioactive disposal sites, source material, production and utilization facilities, special nuclear material, packaging and transport and spent fuel storage.

  13. Patent Abstract Digest. Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    insert for high strength. ’The 339130ft.130C;361/390, 391, 399, 415 epoxy-glems bushing is machlied fromo poat stock With 339/30 .1 C;the grain...United States Patent [p91 [I 4,280,135 Siosabers [45] Jul 21, 1981 [541 REMOTE POINTING SYSTEM A’mary Examiner- Joseph A. Orsino, Jr. 176] Inventor...ward looking intruder detection system are eliminated MEASUREMENTS by look-up sensor instrumentation that utilizus mono- (751 Inventor: JOsePh L

  14. NNDSS - Table IV. Tuberculosis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — NNDSS - Table IV. Tuberculosis - 2014.This Table includes total number of cases reported in the United States, by region and by states, in accordance with the...

  15. NNDSS - Table IV. Tuberculosis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — NNDSS - Table IV. Tuberculosis - 2016.This Table includes total number of cases reported in the United States, by region and by states, in accordance with the...

  16. NNDSS - Table IV. Tuberculosis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — NNDSS - Table IV. Tuberculosis - 2015.This Table includes total number of cases reported in the United States, by region and by states, in accordance with the...

  17. Extension of Finite Volume Compressible Flow Solvers to Multi-dimensional, Variable Density Zero Mach Number Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, T.; Botta, N.; Geratz, K. J.; Klein, R.

    1999-11-01

    When attempting to compute unsteady, variable density flows at very small or zero Mach number using a standard finite volume compressible flow solver one faces at least the following difficulties: (i) Spatial pressure variations vanish as the Mach number M→0, but they do affect the velocity field at leading order; (ii) the resulting spatial homogeneity of the leading order pressure implies an elliptic divergence constraint for the energy flux; (iii) violations of this constraint crucially affect the transport of mass, preventing a code to properly advect even a constant density distribution. We overcome these difficulties through a new algorithm for constructing numerical fluxes in the context of multi-dimensional finite volume methods in conservation form. The construction of numerical fluxes involves: (1) An explicit upwind step yielding predictions for the nonlinear convective flux components. (2) A first correction step that introduces pressure gradients which guarantee compliance of the convective fluxes with a divergence constraint. This step requires the solution of a first Poisson-type equation. (3) A second projection step which provides the yet unknown (non-convective) pressure contribution to the total flux of momentum. This second projection requires the solution of another Poisson-type equation and yields the cell centered velocity field at the new time. This velocity field exactly satisfies a divergence constraint consistent with the asymptotic limit. Step (1) can be done by any standard finite volume compressible flow solver. The input to steps (2) and (3) involves solely the fluxes from step (1) and is independent of how these were obtained. Thus, our approach allows any such solver to be extended to compute variable density incompressible flows.

  18. A stereological analysis of NPY, POMC, Orexin, GFAP astrocyte, and Iba1 microglia cell number and volume in diet-induced obese male mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemus, Moyra B; Bayliss, Jacqueline A; Lockie, Sarah H; Santos, Vanessa V; Reichenbach, Alex; Stark, Romana; Andrews, Zane B

    2015-05-01

    The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) contains 2 key neural populations, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC), and, together with orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamus, plays an integral role in energy homeostasis. However, no studies have examined total neuronal number and volume after high-fat diet (HFD) exposure using sophisticated stereology. We used design-based stereology to estimate NPY and POMC neuronal number and volume, as well as glial fibrillary acidic protein (astrocyte marker) and ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (microglia marker) cell number in the ARC; as well as orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamus. Stereological analysis indicated approximately 8000 NPY and approximately 9000 POMC neurons in the ARC, and approximately 7500 orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamus. HFD exposure did not affect total neuronal number in any population. However, HFD significantly increased average NPY cell volume and affected NPY and POMC cell volume distribution. HFD reduced orexin cell volume but had a bimodal effect on volume distribution with increased cells at relatively small volumes and decreased cells with relatively large volumes. ARC glial fibrillary acidic protein cells increased after 2 months on a HFD, although no significant difference after 6 months on chow diet or HFD was observed. No differences in ARC ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 cell number were observed in any group. Thus, HFD affects ARC NPY or POMC neuronal cell volume number not cell number. Our results demonstrate the importance of stereology to perform robust unbiased analysis of cell number and volume. These data should be an empirical baseline reference to which future studies are compared.

  19. Mobile measurements of aerosol number and volume size distributions in an Alpine valley: Influence of traffic versus wood burning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weimer, S.; Mohr, C.; Richter, R.; Keller, J.; Mohr, M.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Baltensperger, U.

    The spatial variability of highly time resolved size distributions was investigated in a narrow valley which provides the opportunity to study the impact of different sources on ambient particle concentrations during summer and winter time. The measurements were performed with a Fast Mobility Particle Sizer (FMPS) from TSI, Inc. on a mobile laboratory in Southern Switzerland. The results indicate enhanced number concentrations (between 150 000 and 500 000 cm -3) along the busy highway A2 which is the main transit route through the Swiss Alps connecting the northern and southern part of Switzerland. Especially the nanoparticles with diameters lower than 30 nm showed strongly increased number concentrations on the highway both in summer and winter. In winter time, high aerosol volume concentrations (PM 0.3) were found in villages where wood burning is often used for heating purposes. Both traffic and wood burning were found to be important sources for particulate mass which accumulates during temperature inversions in winter time. Traffic was the dominant and wood burning a minor source for the nanoparticle number concentration. This is important regarding health impacts and its attribution to different sources because wood burning might contribute most to particulate mass whereas at the same time and place traffic contributes most to particulate number. In addition, during summer time volatility measurements were performed with the FMPS showing that the nucleation mode prevalently seen on the highway was removed by more than 95% by thermal treatment.

  20. Research in collegiate mathematics education IV

    CERN Document Server

    Dubinsky, Ed; Kaput, Jim

    2001-01-01

    This fourth volume of Research in Collegiate Mathematics Education (RCME IV) reflects the themes of student learning and calculus. Included are overviews of calculus reform in France and in the U.S. and large-scale and small-scale longitudinal comparisons of students enrolled in first-year reform courses and in traditional courses. The work continues with detailed studies relating students' understanding of calculus and associated topics. Direct focus is then placed on instruction and student comprehension of courses other than calculus, namely abstract algebra and number theory. The volume co

  1. Generalization techniques to reduce the number of volume elements for terrain effect calculations in fully analytical gravitational modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedek, Judit; Papp, Gabor; Kalmár, János; Szűcs, Eszter

    2017-04-01

    The available volumetric models of the crust of the Alps - Pannonian basin - Carpathians region and the 30 m x 30 m resolution DTM of Hungary contain several million and hundred million volume elements, respectively. Either rectangular prisms or polyhedrons can be used to discretize the density distribution inside these 3D structures. The calculation of the closed formulae given for the gravitational potential and its higher order derivatives, however, needs twice more runtime than that of the rectangular prism computations. Although the more detailed the better principle is generally accepted (or assumed) it is basically true only for errorless data. As soon as errors are present any calculation from the model is only a possible realization of the true gravitational field at the significance level determined by the errors. So if one really considers the reliability of input data (e.g. Moho depths, topographic heights) used in the calculations then sometimes the "less" can be equivalent to the "more" in statistical sense. As a consequence, the computational time can be significantly reduced by the optimization of the number of volume elements based on the accuracy estimates of the input data. New algorithms are proposed to minimize the number of model elements defined both in local and global coordinate systems. Common gravity field modeling programs generate optimized models for every computation points (dynamic approach), whereas the static approach provides only one optimized model for all computational points. The number of volume elements depends on a threshold value pre-defined by the error statistics of the input data. It represents the maximum difference allowed along the vertical direction Z between the initial and optimized model. Based on the static approach two different algorithms were developed. The grid-based algorithm starts with the maximum resolution polyhedral model defined on a uniform grid and generates a new polyhedral surface. The other

  2. VOLUME 6, NUMBER 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Cesar Chagas Rodrigues

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This issue of the Independent Journal of Management & production (IJM&P features a selection of articles submitted and revised until February 2015. Observed that works are the fruit of research and publications of undergraduate, postgraduate and entrepreneurs. It is important to mention that all the works are showed without any kind of payment. All of them are published free from payments or taxes. The publication also counts on the work of researchers from various parts of the world, which have undergone a process of peer review. As chief editor of IJM&P, I am indebted to all members of the editorial board and reviewers, which contributed to achieving a very decent job during the evaluation and revision. And that has contributed to the Journal in recognition of the international scientific community. And with all the authors, who trusted the results of their research and publications to the scrutiny of editors and reviewers who are part of our Journal.

  3. Volume 9 Number 3

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OLUWOLE

    70% of the mothers breast fed only, 1.8% formula fed their babies and 27% practiced mixed feeding. The percentage of the ... Key words: Milk formula advertisement, infant feeding practices, breast feeding. ... disadvantages of both types of infant feeding. (ACC/SCN, 2000 ..... sanitary condition and lack of adequate supply of.

  4. Changes in hippocampal volume and neuron number co-occur with memory decline in old homing pigeons (Columba livia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coppola, Vincent J; Kanyok, Nate; Schreiber, Austin J; Flaim, Mary E; Bingman, Verner P

    2016-05-01

    The mammalian hippocampus is particularly susceptible to age-related structural changes, which have been used to explain, in part, age-related memory decline. These changes are generally characterized by atrophy (e.g., a decrease in volume and number of synaptic contacts). Recent studies have reported age-related spatial memory deficits in older pigeons similar to those seen in older mammals. However, to date, little is known about any co-occurring changes in the aging avian hippocampal formation (HF). In the current study, it was found that the HF of older pigeons was actually larger and contained more neurons than the HF of younger pigeons, a finding that suggests that the pattern of structural changes during aging in the avian HF is different from that seen in the mammalian hippocampus. A working hypothesis for relating the observed structural changes with spatial-cognitive decline is offered.

  5. Projection models for health effects assessment in populations exposed to radioactive and nonradioactive pollutants. Volume IV. SPAHR user's guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, J.J.; Lundy, R.T.

    1982-09-01

    The Simulation Package for the Analysis of Health Risk (SPAHR) is a computer software package based upon a demographic model for health risk projections. The model extends several health risk projection models by making realistic assumptions about the population at risk, and thus represents a distinct improvement over previous models. Complete documentation for use of SPAHR is contained in this five-volume publication. The demographic model in SPAHR estimates population response to environmental toxic exposures. Latency of response, changing dose level over time, competing risks from other causes of death, and population structure can be incorporated into SPAHR to project health risks. Risks are measured by morbid years, number of deaths, and loss of life expectancy. Comparisons of estimates of excess deaths demonstrate that previous health risk projection models may have underestimated excess deaths by a factor of from 2 to 10, depending on the pollutant and the exposure scenario. The software supporting the use of the demographic model is designed to be user oriented. Complex risk projections are made by responding to a series of prompts generated by the package. The flexibility and ease of use of SPAHR make it an important contribution to existing models and software packages. This volume gives the more advanced user of the SPAHR computer package the information required to create tailor-made programs for addressing specific issues not covered by the three interactive packages. It assumes that the user is familiar with the concepts and terms relating to demography and health risk assessment.

  6. Genome-wide association study for semen volume and total number of sperm in Holstein-Friesian bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hering, D M; Oleński, K; Ruść, A; Kaminski, S

    2014-12-30

    In artificial insemination industry bulls producing high volume of semen with relatively high concentration of sperm are very desirable since they ensure stable production of commercial straws especially in case of top bulls. The aim of the study was to screen the entire bull genome to identify markers and candidate genes underlying semen volume (SV) and total number of sperm (TNS) in ejaculate produced by Holstein-Friesian bulls. Data on semen production were retrieved from records of AI center and included a population of 877 Holstein-Friesian bulls. Each bull was genotyped using the Illumina BovineSNP50 BeadChip. Genome-wide association analysis was performed with the use of GoldenHelix SVS7 software. An additive model for Linear Regression Analysis was used to estimate the effect of SNP marker for SV and TNS. After Bonferroni correction, 3 markers located on chromosome 22 reached the highest significance (rs41625599, rs41584616, rs42012507) for both traits. In the vicinity of these significant markers 3 genes are located (DCP1A, SFMBT1, TMEM110). Moreover, marker rs110109069 located on chromosome 25 was significantly associated with TNS and marker rs42438348 located on chromosome 10 has been found to be associated with SV. Some additional candidate genes were suggested to be potentially involved in analyzed traits (GALC, PRKCD, PHF7, TLR9, SPATA7). Identifying SNPs associated with the lower total number of sperm may be very useful for early recognition of a young sire as less suitable for effective semen production in artificial insemination centers.

  7. Assessment of Low Electromagnetic Fields Effects on Liver Volume and the Number of Its Megakaryocytes in NMRI Mice Fetus Liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Babaie

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: During recent decades so many researches have been engaged to assess the relation of electromagnetic fields with different powers on prevalence of fetal developmental disorders, sterility, advent of nervous and sleeping disorders, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular mortality, variety of neoplasm’s and among the rest hematopoietic and lymphatic tissue neoplasm's and even hematopoiesis disorders. The results provided by these studies are different and very miscellaneous and the research horizon in this field still is spreading. In this study the effects of low electromagnetic field (LEMF and the field intensity of 5 militesla (50 HZ on the numbers of megakaryocytes and the volume of liver in NMRI mice fetus was assessed.Materials & Methods: This experimental- analytical study has assessed the effect of LEMF (50 Hz on the number of liver's megakaryocytes and the weight of 66 three months NMRI mice embryos that they were divided into 6 groups. Experimental groups were exposed to LEMF and then randomly an embryo was selected from each mother and its liver was extracted and fixed in formalin. After providing microscopic sections according to stereological methods, cell counting was performed and data were analyzed and verified by common stereological methods and formulas. SPSS (version11.5 software and Kuruskal-Wallis and Chi-square tests were used for statistical analysis.Results: The number of liver megakaryocytes in all experimental groups comparing to sham and control groups was reduced but the difference was not significant (P>0.05, the most reduction was in 17-21 days of exposure and the least reduction was in group10-14 days of exposure. The embryos weight in all experimental groups comparing to sham and control groups was reduced, however this difference was not significant (P>0.05 and the most difference was related to group 10-14 days of exposure.Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that in pregnant

  8. Total target volume is a better predictor of whole brain dose from gamma stereotactic radiosurgery than the number, shape, or location of the lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanasamy, Ganesh; Smith, Adam; Van Meter, Emily; McGarry, Ronald; Molloy, Janelle A

    2013-09-01

    To assess the hypothesis that the volume of whole brain that receives a certain dose level is primarily dependent on the treated volume rather than on the number, shape, or location of the lesions. This would help a physician validate the suitability of GammaKnife(®) based stereotactic radiosurgery (GKSR) prior to treatment. Simulation studies were performed to establish the hypothesis for both oblong and spherical shaped lesions of various numbers and sizes. Forty patients who underwent GKSR [mean age of 54 years (range 7-80), mean number of lesions of 2.5 (range 1-6), and mean lesion volume of 4.4 cm(3) (range 0.02-22.2 cm(3))] were also studied retrospectively. Following recommendations of QUANTEC, the volume of brain irradiated by the 12 Gy (VB12) isodose line was measured and a power-law based relation is proposed here for estimating VB12 from the known tumor volume and the prescription dose. In the simulation study on oblong, spherical, and multiple lesions, the volume of brain irradiated by 50%, 10%, and 1% of maximum dose was found to have linear, linear, and exponentially increasing dependence on the volume of the treated region, respectively. In the retrospective study on 40 GKSR patients, a similar relationship was found to predict the brain dose with a Spearman correlation coefficient >0.9. In both the studies, the volume of brain irradiated by a certain dose level does not have a statistically significant relationship (p ≥ 0.05) with the number, shape, or position of the lesions. The measured VB12 agrees with calculation to within 1.7%. The results from the simulation and the retrospective clinical studies indicate that the volume of whole brain that receives a certain percentage of the maximum dose is primarily dependent on the treated volume and less on the number, shape, and location of the lesions.

  9. LIQUID PHASE FISCHER-TROPSCH (III & IV) DEMONSTRATION IN THE LAPORTE ALTERNATIVE FUELS DEVELOPMENT UNIT. Final Topical Report. Volume I/II: Main Report. Task 1: Engineering Modifications (Fischer-Tropsch III & IV Demonstration) and Task 2: AFDU Shakedown, Operations, Deactivation (Shut-Down) and Disposal (Fischer-Tropsch III & IV Demonstration).

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bharat L. Bhatt

    1999-06-01

    Slurry phase Fischer-Tropsch technology was successfully demonstrated in DOE's Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU) at LaPorte, Texas. Earlier work at LaPorte, with iron catalysts in 1992 and 1994, had established proof-of-concept status for the slurry phase process. The third campaign (Fischer-Tropsch III), in 1996, aimed at aggressively extending the operability of the slurry reactor using a proprietary cobalt catalyst. Due to an irreversible plugging of catalyst-wax separation filters as a result of unexpected catalyst fines generation, the operations had to be terminated after seven days on-stream. Following an extensive post-run investigation by the participants, the campaign was successfully completed in March-April 1998, with an improved proprietary cobalt catalyst. These runs were sponsored by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Air Products & Chemicals, Inc., and Shell Synthetic Fuels, Inc. (SSFI). A productivity of approximately 140 grams (gm) of hydrocarbons (HC)/ hour (hr)-liter (lit) of expanded slurry volume was achieved at reasonable system stability during the second trial (Fischer-Tropsch IV). The productivity ranged from 110-140 at various conditions during the 18 days of operations. The catalyst/wax filters performed well throughout the demonstration, producing a clean wax product. For the most part, only one of the four filter housings was needed for catalyst/wax filtration. The filter flux appeared to exceed the design flux. A combination of use of a stronger catalyst and some innovative filtration techniques were responsible for this success. There was no sign of catalyst particle attrition and very little erosion of the slurry pump was observed, in contrast to the Fischer-Tropsch III operations. The reactor operated hydrodynamically stable with uniform temperature profile and gas hold-ups. Nuclear density and differential pressure measurements indicated somewhat higher than expected gas hold-up (45 - 50 vol%) during Fischer

  10. Asteroids IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Patrick; DeMeo, Francesca E.; Bottke, William F.

    . Asteroids, like planets, are driven by a great variety of both dynamical and physical mechanisms. In fact, images sent back by space missions show a collection of small worlds whose characteristics seem designed to overthrow our preconceived notions. Given their wide range of sizes and surface compositions, it is clear that many formed in very different places and at different times within the solar nebula. These characteristics make them an exciting challenge for researchers who crave complex problems. The return of samples from these bodies may ultimately be needed to provide us with solutions. In the book Asteroids IV, the editors and authors have taken major strides in the long journey toward a much deeper understanding of our fascinating planetary ancestors. This book reviews major advances in 43 chapters that have been written and reviewed by a team of more than 200 international authorities in asteroids. It is aimed to be as comprehensive as possible while also remaining accessible to students and researchers who are interested in learning about these small but nonetheless important worlds. We hope this volume will serve as a leading reference on the topic of asteroids for the decade to come. We are deeply indebted to the many authors and referees for their tremendous efforts in helping us create Asteroids IV. We also thank the members of the Asteroids IV scientific organizing committee for helping us shape the structure and content of the book. The conference associated with the book, "Asteroids Comets Meteors 2014" held June 30-July 4, 2014, in Helsinki, Finland, did an outstanding job of demonstrating how much progress we have made in the field over the last decade. We are extremely grateful to our host Karri Muinonnen and his team. The editors are also grateful to the Asteroids IV production staff, namely Renée Dotson and her colleagues at the Lunar and Planetary Institute, for their efforts, their invaluable assistance, and their enthusiasm; they made life as

  11. Source appointment of fine particle number and volume concentration during severe haze pollution in Beijing in January 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zirui; Wang, Yuesi; Hu, Bo; Ji, Dongsheng; Zhang, Junke; Wu, Fangkun; Wan, Xin; Wang, Yonghong

    2016-04-01

    Extreme haze episodes repeatedly shrouded Beijing during the winter of 2012-2013, causing major environmental and health problems. To better understand these extreme events, particle number size distribution (PNSD) and particle chemical composition (PCC) data collected in an intensive winter campaign in an urban site of Beijing were used to investigate the sources of ambient fine particles. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) analysis resolved a total of eight factors: two traffic factors, combustion factors, secondary aerosol, two accumulation mode aerosol factors, road dust, and long-range transported (LRT) dust. Traffic emissions (54%) and combustion aerosol (27%) were found to be the most important sources for particle number concentration, whereas combustion aerosol (33%) and accumulation mode aerosol (37%) dominated particle volume concentrations. Chemical compositions and sources of fine particles changed dynamically in the haze episodes. An enhanced role of secondary inorganic species was observed in the formation of haze pollution. Regional transport played an important role for high particles, contribution of which was on average up to 24-49% during the haze episodes. Secondary aerosols from urban background presented the largest contributions (45%) for the rapid increase of fine particles in the severest haze episode. In addition, the invasion of LRT dust aerosols further elevated the fine particles during the extreme haze episode. Our results showed a clear impact of regional transport on the local air pollution, suggesting the importance of regional-scale emission control measures in the local air quality management of Beijing.

  12. Industrial Sector Technology Use Model (ISTUM): industrial energy use in the United States, 1974-2000. Volume 1: primary model documentation, Book 2, Chapters IV, V, VI, and VII

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bohn, R.E.; Herod, J.S.

    1978-06-19

    The Industrial Sector Technology Use Model provides a single framework for integrating all of the information and analysis into a set of predictions of industrial energy use. Given this volume of information which must be considered, this requires a set of computerized engineering-economic models. The design of these models is the subject of Chapter IV. The environmental factors in ISTUM are developed and presented in Chapter V. Chapter VI discusses the work accomplished by DATA Resources, Inc. in support of the ISTUM. A glossary, briefly defining special terms used in the ISTUM documentation, is given in Chapter VII. (MCW)

  13. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 89, Number 2, March-April 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    ANSI Std Z39-18 Lieutenant General William B. Caldwell IV Commander, USACAC Commandant, CGSC LTC Robert A. Whetstone Deputy Director and Executive...poration, Parsons Iraq JV, KBR, Black & Veatch, Parsons Delaware , Lucent, and Contrack.44 Success in narrowing the civil-military gap requires...son’s refusal to apply himself to his studies or stay out of scrapes with other boys and school authorities. Churchill left his adolescence with

  14. Proceedings of the International Conference "Quantum Optics IV" Jaszowiec, Poland, June 17-24, 1997. Volume 93, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    quantum mechanical effect predicted by Felix Bloch decades ago. The prediction was that an electron experiencing a constant force, and hence constant...Kohler, L. Mandel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 126 (1972). [30] P. DeSantis, F. Gori, G. Guattari , C. Palma, J.M. Webster, J. Photo. Sc. 33, 197 (1985). 178

  15. Study of association between ovarian volume with the number of antral follicles and third day of menstruation FSH in infertile patients referred to Omid Persian gulf infertility Clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Rahmani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ovarian reserve tests have appeared as important, useful and new tools in evaluation of infertile women and by doing these tests, we can do for infertile couples advanced and necessary measures quickly. The goal of this study was to investigate the association between ovarian volume, Antral follicle counts and serum level of FSH at the third day of menstruation. Material and Methods: This study was conducted on 78 women between 18-49 years old who referred to Omid Persian gulf infertility Clinic with complaining of infertility in 2014. In patients who had inclusion criteria, measurement of ovarian volume were done with calculation of three diameters and the number of antral follicles by using vaginal ultrasound in third day of menstruation. Also, in this patients were measured the levels of FSH&LH in third day of menstruation. Pearson correlation coefficient were used to examine the relationship between ovarian volume and the number of Antral follicles and serum levels. Results: ovarian volume and Antral follicle counts (p=0.0001 decreased and serum level of FSH (p=0.0001 and LH (p=0,022 increased significantly with increasing of age. There was a strong positive correlation between ovarian volume and Antral follicle counts (r=0.96, p=0.0001 and there was a strong reversed correlation between ovarian volume and Antral follicle counts with FSH (r=0.50, p=0.0001. Conclusion: By increasing age, ovarian volume and Antral follicle counts decreased and FSH&LH levels increased. In fact, in the initial study of infertile patients, even by diagnosis of reduction in ovarian volume and Antral follicle count should be performed advanced therapies and there is no need to wait for expensive tests result.

  16. Thermodynamics of Condensed Phases: Formula Unit Volume, "V[subscript m]", and the Determination of the Number of Formula Units, "Z", in a Crystallographic Unit Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasser, Leslie

    2011-01-01

    Formula unit (or molecular) volume, "V[subscript m]", is related to many thermodynamic and physical properties of materials, so that knowledge of "V[subscript m]" is useful in prediction of such properties for known and even hypothetical materials. The symbol "Z" represents the number of formula units in a crystallographic unit cell; "Z" thus…

  17. Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment 1975-1976. Physical Oceanography Data Report, Salinity, Temperature and Depth Data, Camp Big Bear. Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-01

    PROFILEF PFR HA~LF DlAY (AM/P2M GMAT ) TS PLOTEI .EACH pRFFILE RJ)F.tIJ WITH PE~pFCT TO LiEfT OIVISIYJ MAK (-1-9 11X3.C*) T E)VPERATL-E SCALE SHlIFTS...wD W. IV. to CO toN~ w d x 1 CA OJ D *0 NOORE TH ’,4 ONE PREILE PER H&YL DAY (AM/PM GMAT ) IS PLOTTED -FACH PROJFILE RLOTTED WITH RESPECT TO LEFT

  18. ONR (Office of Naval Research) Far East Scientific Bulletin. Volume 9, Number 3, July to September 1984,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    system, - vascular and electrodermal responses, where discussion was centered around finger pulse volume and skin potential activity , - sleep and cyclic... activity , where five papers discussed human sleep , and laterality and the influence of left or right hemisphere lesions on behavior. . An example of...psychophysiology of hypnosis, sleep , and electroencephalography. He is a member of . several professional associations which include the Japanese

  19. Assessment of the Combat Developer’s Role in Post-Deployment Software Support (PDSS) 30 June 1980 - 28 February 1981. Volume IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-31

    automation of individual battlefield systems is presenting increasing requirements for larger volumes of traffic, especially digital traffic, at higher...time" requirements of manual command and control in which time is measured in minutes to hours. These trends in digital data, time-compression, traffic...operations research, systems analysis, mathematics, electrical and electronic engineering, computer science, comunications and Army communications

  20. Proceedings of the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (11th, Austin, Texas, April 24-26, 1997). Volumes I-V.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yearout, Robert D., Ed.

    This set of proceedings documents includes 407 papers representative of the 1,825 papers and posters presented at a conference on undergraduate research. Volume I contains papers on the arts and humanities. Examples of topics include collaborative art, music composition using computer technology, interpreting Roman morality, gay marriage, and…

  1. SOLVENT-BASED TO WATERBASED ADHESIVE-COATED SUBSTRATE RETROFIT - VOLUME IV: FILM AND LABEL MANUFACTURING CASE STUDY: FLEXCON COMPANY, INC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    This volume discusses a visit to a site operated by FLEXcon Company, Inc., a pressure-sensitive adhesive coater, to collect information on the pollution prevention opportunities and barriers associated with waterbased adhesives. The purpose of the visit to FLEXcon was to gather i...

  2. The Coast Guard Proceedings of the Marine Safety and Security Council. Volume 71, Number 3, Fall 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    natural hazards such as floods and hurricanes — all are examples of mass rescue scenarios that initiate mass rescue operations ( MROs ). As the volume of...individual MRO events may be more severe, as vessels and aircraft passenger capacity expands. Worldwide, total cruise ship capacity is currently about...frequency of annual voyages are increasing, that does not automatically mean that more MRO events will occur. In general, these newer vessels and

  3. Interplanetary Type IV Bursts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillaris, A.; Bouratzis, C.; Nindos, A.

    2016-08-01

    type IV bursts. The latter were found to persist on the disk, for tens of hours to days. Prominent among them was the unusual interplanetary type IV burst of 18 - 23 May 2002, which is the longest event in the Wind/WAVES catalog. The three extended events were typically accompanied by a number of flares, of GOES class C in their majority, and of CMEs, many of which were slow and narrow.

  4. Scaling of neuron number and volume of the pulvinar complex in New World primates: comparisons with humans, other primates, and mammals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalfin, Brandon P; Cheung, Desmond T; Muniz, José Augusto P C; de Lima Silveira, Luiz Carlos; Finlay, Barbara L

    2007-09-20

    The lateral posterior nucleus and pulvinar (LP-pulvinar complex) are the principal thalamic nuclei associated with the elaborate development of the dorsal and ventral streams of the parietal cortex in primates. In humans, a novel site of origin for a subpopulation of pulvinar neurons has been observed, the ganglionic eminence of the telencephalon. This additional site of neuron origin has been proposed to contribute to the pulvinar's evolutionary expansion (Letinic and Rakic [2001] Nat Neurosci 4:930-936). Studies of neuron number in the LP-pulvinar complex in gibbon, chimpanzee, and gorilla compared to humans, however, did not show that the human LP-pulvinar was unexpectedly large (Armstrong [1981] Am J Phys Anthropol 55:369-383). Here we enlarge the allometric basis for comparison by determining neuron number in the LP-pulvinar complex of six New World primates (Cebus apella, Saimiri ustius, Saguinus midas niger, Alouatta caraya, Aotus azarae, and Callicebus moloch) as well as measuring LP-pulvinar volume in a further set of 24 species including additional primates, carnivores, and rodents. The volume of the LP-pulvinar complex scaled with positive allometry with respect to brain volume across all species examined. The scaling of the number of neurons in the LP-pulvinar complex was extremely similar in New World primates and anthropoid apes, with the human LP-pulvinar value close to the regression line. Comparison of the relative volumes of the LP-pulvinar in the larger sample confirmed this observation, and further demonstrated that both primates and carnivores showed a "grade shift" in its size compared to rodents, with the pulvinar comprising a greater proportion of total brain volume across the board. Diurnal, nocturnal, or crepuscular niche did not discriminate LP-pulvinar size across taxa.

  5. Do the number and volume of surgical lung biopsies influence the diagnostic yield in interstitial lung disease? A propensity score analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fibla, Juan J; Brunelli, Alessandro; Allen, Mark S; Wigle, Dennis; Shen, Robert; Nichols, Francis; Deschamps, Claude; Cassivi, Stephen D

    2015-02-01

    Our objective was to evaluate whether the number and volume of surgical lung biopsies (SLB) influence the diagnosis of diffuse interstitial lung disease (ILD). Retrospective study of SLB for suspected ILD in patients from the Mayo Clinic from January 2002 to January 2010. Data were collected in the institution and analyzed. 311 patients were studied. Mean number of biopsies was 2.05 (SD 0.6); 1 biopsy in 50 (16%), 2 in 198 (63.7%), 3 in 59 (19%) and 4 in 4 (1.3%). Histopathologic diagnosis was: definitive (specific): 232 (74.6%), descriptive (non-specific): 76 (24.4%), no diagnosis: 3 (1%). After excluding patients without diagnosis (n=3), there were 50 patients with only 1 biopsy, 196 with 2 and 62 with 3 or 4; the definitive diagnostic yield was similar in all 3 groups (37/50; 74%, 150/196; 77%, and 45/62; 73%) (Chi-square, p value 0.8). The propensity score analysis between patients with 1 SLB and patients with more than 1 SLB also showed no difference in diagnostic yield. Regarding the volume of biopsies, mean total volume was 34.4 cm(3) (SD 46): 41.2 cm(3) (3 cases) in patients with no diagnosis; 33.6 cm(3) (232 cases, SD 47) in patients with specific diagnosis; and 36.6 cm(3) (76 cases, SD 44) in patients with descriptive diagnosis. Biopsy volume had no influence on histopathology yield (ANOVA, p value .8). The number and volume of the biopsy specimens in SLB did not seem to influence diagnosis. Based on our results, we believe a single sample from a representative area may be sufficient for diagnosis. Randomized prospective trials should be performed to optimize SLB for ILD. Copyright © 2014 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. The interstitial nuclei of the human anterior hypothalamus: an investigation of sexual variation in volume and cell size, number and density.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byne, W; Lasco, M S; Kemether, E; Shinwari, A; Edgar, M A; Morgello, S; Jones, L B; Tobet, S

    2000-02-21

    The four interstitial nuclei of the anterior hypothalamus (INAH) have been considered as candidate human nuclei for homology with the much studied sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area of the rat. Assessment of the INAH for sexual dimorphism has produced discrepant results. This study reports the first systematic examination of all four INAH in the human for sexual variation in volume, neuronal number and neuronal size. Serial Nissl-stained coronal sections through the medial preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus were examined from 18 males and 20 females who died between the ages of 17 and 65 without evidence of hypothalamic pathology or infection with the human immunodeficiency virus. A computer-assisted image-analysis system and commercial stereology software package were employed to assess total volume, neuronal number and mean neuronal size for each INAH. INAH3 occupied a significantly greater volume and contained significantly more neurons in males than in females. No sex differences in volume were detected for any of the other INAH. No sexual variation in neuronal size or packing density was observed in any nucleus. The present data corroborate two previous reports of sexual dimorphism of INAH3 but provide no support for previous reports of sexual variation in other INAH.

  7. SU-E-T-568: Improving Normal Brain Sparing with Increasing Number of Arc Beams for Volume Modulated Arc Beam Radiosurgery of Multiple Brain Metastases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hossain, S; Hildebrand, K; Ahmad, S [University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Larson, D; Ma, L [University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States); Sahgal, A [University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Intensity modulated arc beams have been newly reported for treating multiple brain metastases. The purpose of this study was to determine the variations in the normal brain doses with increasing number of arc beams for multiple brain metastases treatments via the TrueBeam Rapidarc system (Varian Oncology, Palo Alto, CA). Methods: A patient case with 12 metastatic brain lesions previously treated on the Leksell Gamma Knife Perfexion (GK) was used for the study. All lesions and organs at risk were contoured by a senior radiation oncologist and treatment plans for a subset of 3, 6, 9 and all 12 targets were developed for the TrueBeam Rapidarc system via 3 to 7 intensity modulated arc-beams with each target covered by at least 99% of the prescribed dose of 20 Gy. The peripheral normal brain isodose volumes as well as the total beam-on time were analyzed with increasing number of arc beams for these targets. Results: All intensisty modulated arc-beam plans produced efficient treatment delivery with the beam-on time averaging 0.6–1.5 min per lesion at an output of 1200 MU/min. With increasing number of arc beams, the peripheral normal brain isodose volumes such as the 12-Gy isodose line enclosed normal brain tissue volumes were on average decreased by 6%, 11%, 18%, and 28% for the 3-, 6-, 9-, 12-target treatment plans respectively. The lowest normal brain isodose volumes were consistently found for the 7-arc treatment plans for all the cases. Conclusion: With nearly identical beam-on times, the peripheral normal brain dose was notably decreased when the total number of intensity modulated arc beams was increased when treating multiple brain metastases. Dr Sahgal and Dr Ma are currently serving on the board of international society of stereotactic radiosurgery.

  8. Difference in intraosseous blood vessel volume and number in osteoporotic model mice induced by spinal cord injury and sciatic nerve resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Wen-Ge; Yan, Wei-hong; Wei, Zhao-Xiang; Liu, Jin-Bo

    2012-07-01

    In the present study, we examined intraosseous blood vessel parameters of the tibial metaphysis in mice using microcomputed tomography (µCT) to investigate the relationship between post-nerve-injury osteoporosis and local intraosseous blood vessel volume and number. Mice were randomly divided into groups receiving spinal cord injury (SCI), sciatic nerve resection group (NX), or intact controls (30 mice/group). Four weeks after surgery, mice were perfused with silicone and the distribution of intraosseous blood vessels analyzed by μCT. The bone density, μCT microstructure, biomechanical properties, and the immunohistochemical and biochemical indicators of angiogenesis were also measured. The SCI group showed significantly reduced tibial metaphysis bone density, μCT bone microstructure, tibial biomechanical properties, indicators of angiogenesis, and intraosseous blood vessel parameters compared to the NX group. Furthermore, the spinal cord-injured mice exhibited significantly decreased intraosseous blood vessel volume and number during the development of osteoporosis. In conclusion, these data suggest that decreased intraosseous blood vessel volume and number may play an important role in the development of post-nerve-injury osteoporosis.

  9. New Concepts in Fish Ladder Design, Volume III of IV, Assessment of Fishway Development and Design, 1982-1983 Final Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powers, Patrick D.; Orsborn, John F.

    1985-08-01

    This volume covers the broad, though relatively short, historical basis for this project. The historical developments of certain design features, criteria and research activities are traced. Current design practices are summarized based on the results of an international survey and interviews with agency personnel and consultants. The fluid mechanics and hydraulics of fishway systems are discussed. Fishways (or fishpasses) can be classified in two ways: (1) on the basis of the method of water control (chutes, steps (ladders), or slots); and (2) on the basis of the degree and type of water control. This degree of control ranges from a natural waterfall to a totally artificial environment at a hatchery. Systematic procedures for analyzing fishways based on their configuration, species, and hydraulics are presented. Discussions of fish capabilities, energy expenditure, attraction flow, stress and other factors are included.

  10. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for second quarter 1997 April--June. Volume 22, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  11. College Counseling in High Schools: Advising State Policy. The Progress of Education Reform. Volume 15, Number 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinth, Jennifer Dounay

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, many states have set ambitious postsecondary completion or attainment goals, driven in part by concerns that other OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) nations are outpacing the United States in the number of adults holding a postsecondary credential. While the U.S. has made modest gains since 2000 in the…

  12. Program Manager: Journal of the Defense Systems Management College, Volume 22, Number 5, September-October 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-01

    PROGRAM MANAGER Mangig diorPARADIGM SHIFT Catherine M. Clark Associate Editor E Esther M. Farria Art Director Greg Caruth Typography and Design Paula...Director, DSMC showing the title, author, TR number and DSMC logo Press, for publication consideration. No prearrange- and similar title page. ments are

  13. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for first quarter 1996, January--March. Volume 21, Number 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors, proceedings of conferences and workshops, grants, and international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  14. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for third quarter 1994, July--September. Volume 19, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1994-12-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issues by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order: NUREG-XXXX, NUREG/CP-XXXX, NUREG/CR-XXXX, and NUREG/IA-XXXX. These precede the following indexes: Secondary Report Number Index, Personal Author Index, Subject Index, NRC Originating Organization Index (Staff Reports), NRC Originating Organization Index (International Agreements), NRC Contract Sponsor Index (Contractor Reports) Contractor Index, International Organization Index, Licensed Facility Index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  15. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for third quarter 1996 July--September. Volume 21, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-02-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order: NUREG-XXXX, NUREG/CP-XXXX, NUREG/CR-XXXX, and NUREG/IA-XXXX. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index; personal author index; subject index; NRC originating organization index (staff reports); NRC originating organization index (international agreements); NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports); contractor index; international organization index; and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  16. Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data 1994-FY 95 annual report. Volume 9, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    This annual report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) describes activities conducted during CY 1994 and FY 1995. The report is published in three parts. NUREG-1272, Vol. 9, No. 1, covers power reactors and presents an overview of the operating experience of the nuclear power industry from the NRC perspective, including comments about the trends of some key performance measures. The report also includes the principal findings and issues identified in AEOD studies over the past year and summarizes information from such sources as licensee event reports, diagnostic evaluations, and reports to the NRC`s Operations Center. NUREG-1272, Vol. 9, No. 2, covers nuclear materials and presents a review of the events and concerns associated with the use of licensed material in nonreactor applications, such as personnel overexposures and medical misadministrations. Both reports also contain a discussion of the Incident Investigation Team program and summarize both the Incident Investigation Team and Augmented Inspection Team reports. Each volume contains a list of the AEOD reports issued from 1980 through FY 1995. NUREG-1272, Vol. 9, No. 3, covers technical training and presents the activities of the Technical Training Center in support of the NRC`s mission.

  17. High-Volume Transanal Surgery with CPH34 HV for the Treatment of III-IV Degree Haemorrhoids: Final Short-Term Results of an Italian Multicenter Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Reboa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The clinical chart of 621 patients with III-IV haemorrhoids undergoing Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy (SH with CPH34 HV in 2012–2014 was consecutively reviewed to assess its safety and efficacy after at least 12 months of follow-up. Mean volume of prolapsectomy was significantly higher (13.0 mL; SD, 1.4 in larger prolapse (9.3 mL; SD, 1.2 (p<0.001. Residual or recurrent haemorrhoids occurred in 11 of 621 patients (1.8% and in 12 of 581 patients (1.9%, respectively. Relapse was correlated with higher preoperative Constipation Scoring System (CSS (p=0.000, Pescatori’s degree (p=0.000, Goligher’s grade (p=0.003, prolapse exceeding half of the length of the Circular Anal Dilator (CAD (p=0.000, and higher volume of prolapsectomy (p=0.000. At regression analysis, only the preoperative CSS, Pescatori’s degree, Goligher’s grade, and volume of resection were significantly predictive of relapse. A high level of satisfaction (VAS = 8.6; SD, 1.0 coupled with a reduction of 12-month CSS (Δ preoperative CSS/12 mo CSS = 3.4, SD, 2.0; p<0.001 was observed. The wider prolapsectomy achievable with CPH34 HV determined an overall 3.7% relapse rate in patients with high prevalence of large internal rectal prolapse, coupled with high satisfaction index, significant reduction of CSS, and very low complication rates.

  18. Test plan for composting studies involving weight and volume reduction of leaf and stalk biomass: DOE/OTD TTP{number_sign} SR17SS53 {ampersand} TTP{number_sign} SR18SS41

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilde, E.W.; Kastner, J.; Murphy, C.; Santo Domingo, J.

    1997-05-28

    SRTC and a panel of experts from off-site previously determined that composting was the most attractive alternative for reducing the volume and weight of biomass that was slightly radioactive. The SRTC proposed scope of work for Subtask 2 of TTP{number_sign} SR17SS53 and TTP{number_sign} SR18SS41 involves bench scale studies to assess the rates and efficiencies of various composting schemes for volume and weight reduction of leaf and stalk biomass (SB). Ultimately, the data will be used to design a composting process for biomass proposed by MSE for phytoremediation studies at SRS. This could drastically reduce costs for transporting and disposing of contaminated biomass resulting from a future major phytoremediation effort for soil clean-up at the site. The composting studies at SRTC includes collaboration with personnel from the University of Georgia, who will conduct chemical analyses of the plant material after harvest, pre-treatment, and composting for specific time periods. Parameters to be measured will include: lignin, hemicellulose, cellulose, carbon and nitrogen. The overall objective of this project is to identify or develop: (1) an inexpensive source of inoculum (consisting of nutrients and/or microorganisms) capable of significantly enhancing biomass degradation, (2) an optimum range of operating parameters for the composting process, and (3) a process design for the solid state degradation of lignocellulosic biomass contaminated with radionuclides that is superior to existing alternatives for dealing with such waste.

  19. http://www.ijecse.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Volume-1Number-2PP-196-197.pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Er. Kailash Aseri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A properly configured firewall is a good starting point in securing a computer network. However, complex network environments that involve higher number of participants and endpoints require better security infrastructure. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS, proposed as a solution to perimeter defense, have many open problems and it is clear that better solutions must be found. Due to many unsolved problems associated with IDS, Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS is introduced. The main idea in IPS is to be proactive. Network intrusion prevention system (NIPS becomes more complex due to the rapid growth of network bandwidth and requirement of network security. However existing solutions, either hardware-based or software-based cannot obtain a good tradeoff between performance and flexibility. In this paper, intrusion prevention can be used to and block malicious activity upon detection. To be specific intrusion prevention may involve dropping packets that can be considered malicious, blocking any traffic from an IP address that may be offending, sending alarms, resetting of connections, correcting cyclic redundancy errors etc.

  20. Different nano-particles volume fraction and Hartmann number effects on flow and heat transfer of water-silver nanofluid under the variable heat flux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forghani-Tehrani, Pezhman; Karimipour, Arash; Afrand, Masoud; Mousavi, Sayedali

    2017-01-01

    Nanofluid flow and heat transfer composed of water-silver nanoparticles is investigated numerically inside a microchannel. Finite volume approach (FVM) is applied and the effects of gravity are ignored. The whole length of Microchannel is considered in three sections as l1=l3=0.151 and l2=0.71. The linear variable heat flux affects the microchannel wall in the length of l2 while a magnetic field with strength of B0 is considered over the whole domain of it. The influences of different values of Hartmann number (Ha=0, 10, 20), volume fraction of the nanoparticles (ɸ=0, 0.02, 0.04) and Reynolds number (Re=10, 50, 200) on the hydrodynamic and thermal properties of flow are reported. The investigation of slip velocity variations under the effects of a magnetic field are presented for the first time (to the best knowledge of author) while the non-dimensional slip coefficient are selected as B=0.01, 0.05, 0.1 at different states.

  1. Curcumin and sertraline prevent the reduction of the number of neurons and glial cells and the volume of rats' medial prefrontal cortex induced by stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noorafshan, Ali; Abdollahifar, Mohammad-Amin; Asadi-Golshan, Reza; Rashidian-Rashidabadi, Ali; Karbalay-Doust, Saied

    2014-01-01

    Chronic stress induces morphological changes in the neurons of several brain regions, including medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). This region is involved in variety of behavioral tasks, including learning and memory. Our previous work showed that stress impaired function. The present work extends the earlier work to study mPFC in stressed and non-stressed rats with or without sertraline or curcumin treatments using stereological methods. Sertraline is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and curcumin is the main ingredient of turmeric with neuroprotective effects. In this study, 42 male rats were randomly assigned to seven groups: stress + distilled water, stress + olive oil, stress + curcumin (100 mg/kg/day), stress + sertraline (10 mg/kg/day), curcumin, sertraline, and control groups. After 56 days, the right mPFC was removed. The volume of mPFC and its subdivisions and the total number of neurons and glia were estimated. The results showed ~8%, ~8%, and 24% decrease in the volume of the mPFC and its prelimbic and infralimbic subdivisions, respectively. However, the anterior cingulated cortex remained unchanged. Also, the total number of the neurons and glial cells was significantly reduced (11% and 5%, respectively) in stress (+distilled water or olive oil) group in comparison to the non-stressed rats (Psertraline and stress + curcumin groups in comparison to the non-treated stressed rats (Psertraline could prevent the stress-induced changes in mPFC.

  2. Brain Tissue Volumes and Perfusion Change with the Number of Optic Neuritis Attacks in Relapsing Neuromyelitis Optica: A Voxel-Based Correlation Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A Sánchez-Catasús

    Full Text Available Recent neuroimaging studies show that brain abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica (NMO are more frequent than earlier described. Yet, more research considering multiple aspects of NMO is necessary to better understand these abnormalities. A clinical feature of relapsing NMO (RNMO is that the incremental disability is attack-related. Therefore, association between the attack-related process and neuroimaging might be expected. On the other hand, the immunopathological analysis of NMO lesions has suggested that CNS microvasculature could be an early disease target, which could alter brain perfusion. Brain tissue volume changes accompanying perfusion alteration could also be expected throughout the attack-related process. The aim of this study was to investigate in RNMO patients, by voxel-based correlation analysis, the assumed associations between regional brain white (WMV and grey matter volumes (GMV and/or perfusion on one side, and the number of optic neuritis (ON attacks, myelitis attacks and/or total attacks on the other side. For this purpose, high resolution T1-weighted MRI and perfusion SPECT imaging were obtained in 15 RNMO patients. The results showed negative regional correlations of WMV, GMV and perfusion with the number of ON attacks, involving important components of the visual system, which could be relevant for the comprehension of incremental visual disability in RNMO. We also found positive regional correlation of perfusion with the number of ON attacks, mostly overlapping the brain area where the WMV showed negative correlation. This provides evidence that brain microvasculature is an early disease target and suggests that perfusion alteration could be important in the development of brain structural abnormalities in RNMO.

  3. Brain Tissue Volumes and Perfusion Change with the Number of Optic Neuritis Attacks in Relapsing Neuromyelitis Optica: A Voxel-Based Correlation Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Catasús, Carlos A; Cabrera-Gomez, José; Almaguer Melián, William; Giroud Benítez, José Luis; Rodríguez Rojas, Rafael; Bayard, Jorge Bosch; Galán, Lídice; Sánchez, Reinaldo Galvizu; Fuentes, Nancy Pavón; Valdes-Sosa, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Recent neuroimaging studies show that brain abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are more frequent than earlier described. Yet, more research considering multiple aspects of NMO is necessary to better understand these abnormalities. A clinical feature of relapsing NMO (RNMO) is that the incremental disability is attack-related. Therefore, association between the attack-related process and neuroimaging might be expected. On the other hand, the immunopathological analysis of NMO lesions has suggested that CNS microvasculature could be an early disease target, which could alter brain perfusion. Brain tissue volume changes accompanying perfusion alteration could also be expected throughout the attack-related process. The aim of this study was to investigate in RNMO patients, by voxel-based correlation analysis, the assumed associations between regional brain white (WMV) and grey matter volumes (GMV) and/or perfusion on one side, and the number of optic neuritis (ON) attacks, myelitis attacks and/or total attacks on the other side. For this purpose, high resolution T1-weighted MRI and perfusion SPECT imaging were obtained in 15 RNMO patients. The results showed negative regional correlations of WMV, GMV and perfusion with the number of ON attacks, involving important components of the visual system, which could be relevant for the comprehension of incremental visual disability in RNMO. We also found positive regional correlation of perfusion with the number of ON attacks, mostly overlapping the brain area where the WMV showed negative correlation. This provides evidence that brain microvasculature is an early disease target and suggests that perfusion alteration could be important in the development of brain structural abnormalities in RNMO.

  4. Developing Successful Proposals in Women's Educational Equity, Volume I: The Guide = Desarrollo de propuestas exitosas relacionadas con la equidad educativa de la mujer, volumen I: La guia. Volume II: The Supplement. Volume III: The Swipe File. Volume IV: Workshop Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Walter R.; And Others

    Four volumes present materials and a training workshop on proposal writing. The materials aim to give people the skills and resources with which to translate their ideas into fully developed grant proposals for projects related to educational equity for women. However, the information is applicable to most other funding procedures. The first…

  5. Prism. Volume 2, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    late 19th century when samurai lords were stripped of their military functions to fashion a new state that could compete with the West.18 In China...mass armies under Napoleon.17 In Japan, it occurred at the dawn of the Meiji era in the late 19th century when samurai lords were stripped of their

  6. Phalanx. Volume 47, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Articulation of affordability con- straints, with acquired/estimated parametric understanding of impacts; • Data synthesis with more com- plete...in four phases (see Figure 1). For this MORS AA CoP meeting, a working group was assigned to each phase with a synthesis group respon- sible for...Washington, DC. Available at http://www.nap.edu/catalog. php ?record_id=14682. United Nations. 2005. World Confer ence on Disaster Reduction, Jan

  7. Prism. Volume 4, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    sector. In Michoacán, the La Familia cartel was identified as organizing and taxing the illegal extraction of ore from mines in the region and its...their dealings with the Mexican group La Familia , had sent part of their earnings to the PRC.65 Chinese-owned gambling operations in Latin america...Latin america: a View on Security from the Southern Cone,” Military Review (September–October 2006), 60–66. 56 See Segovia. 57 “Vende La Familia

  8. Phalanx. Volume 47, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    staff, for making this event a great success by any measure ! This month, we are seeing an- other first for MORS: a workshop that grew out of a...software programs (Go-To-Meeting™ by Citrix, WebEx™ by Cisco, and Google Hang- Out™ Google), and length of presen - tation (ranging from 5 to 60...computer. Each webinar topic was selected by the planning team for its value in the following professional sectors: aca- demia, defense, government

  9. Oceanography, Volume 5, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    compacted for efficient com- some cases weakly two-way interactive, coupling munication ( Garthner et al.. 1991). will supplv with atmospheric models...depiction of the ocean mesoscale, which may be Garthner . J.P., B.R. Mendenhall and R.M. Clancy, 1991: Navv an important contributor to the global heat bal

  10. Prism. Volume 3, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    are a considerable economic cost on neighbors, and even more so if they are carrying infectious diseases such as HIV /AIDS, as they often are...their troubled status, such as Nigeria and Venezuela . Indeed, few countries have improved their scores more than a few points in the half...tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV /AIDS. For HIV /AIDS, sub-Saharan Africa colonel Birame Diop, Senegalese air Force, is seconded as the Director of the african

  11. Phalanx. Volume 47, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    travel rules and requirements. I hope that most of the restrictions are behind us now. Also, my deepest thanks goes to Greg Parlier, the...genealogy, and travelling . MORS Directors Aaron Burciaga and Harrison Schramm have been invited to join the INFORMS Business Analytics . Each will lead...colleagues retiring to lives of leisure , I realize that often words of wisdom from a waning generation may not ring true with our younger readers

  12. High Voltage Design Guide. Volume IV. Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    by the reaction of urea with formaldehyde. An amino resin. Urethane. See Isocyanate Resins. Vinyl Resin. A synthetic resin formed by the polymerization...oxidation reactions are sludge, asphalt , a:ids, organic esters, soaps, and oxides. Oil color, as an index of the degree of refineme.. for unused oils...Materials Alkyd resins Acrylic plastics Cellulose esters Asphalt Cork Chloride flux Epoxy resins Copper (bare) Masonite Fiber board Melamine resins Greases

  13. Commencement Bay Study. Volume IV. Invertebrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-31

    BAY Taxa Epibenthic Pump Infaunal Core Hydrozoa Hydroida (polyp) + Scyphozoa Scyphozoan medusae + Nemertea + Nematoda + + Turbellaria Polycladida...Occurrence Nemertea 2 0.8 Polychaeta unid. 14 5.9 Armandia brevis 3 1.2 Caitella capitata 6 2.5 Cirratulidae 1 0.4 Eteone longa 1 0.4 Platynereis

  14. Balanced program plan. Volume IV. Coal conversion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richmond, C. R.; Reichle, D. E.; Gehrs, C. W.

    1976-05-01

    This document contains a description of the biomedical and environmental research necessary to ensure the timely attainment of coal conversion technologies amenable to man and his environment. The document is divided into three sections. The first deals with the types of processes currently being considered for development; the data currently available on composition of product, process and product streams, and their potential effects; and problems that might arise from transportation and use of products. Section II is concerned with a description of the necessary research in each of the King-Muir categories, while the third section presents the research strategies necessary to assess the potential problems at the conversion plant (site specific) and those problems that might effect the general public and environment as a result of the operation of large-scale coal conversion plants. (auth)

  15. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (37th) Held in Houston, Texas on 1-4 December 1993. Pages 5309-6146. Journal of Applied Physics. Volume 73. Number 10, Part 2 A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reprint: Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (37th) Held in Houston, Texas on 1-4 December 1993. Pages 5309-6146. Journal of Applied Physics . Volume 73. Number 10, Part 2 A

  16. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (37th) Held in Houston, Texas on 1-4 December 1993. Pages 5309-6146. Journal of Applied Physics. Volume 73. Number 10, Part 2 B,

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reprint: Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (37th) Held in Houston, Texas on 1-4 December 1993. Pages 5309-6146. Journal of Applied Physics . Volume 73. Number 10, Part 2 B,

  17. Linear correlation between the number of olfactory sensory neurons expressing a given mouse odorant receptor gene and the total volume of the corresponding glomeruli in the olfactory bulb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bressel, Olaf Christian; Khan, Mona

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Chemosensory specificity in the main olfactory system of the mouse relies on the expression of ∼1,100 odorant receptor (OR) genes across millions of olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) in the main olfactory epithelium (MOE), and on the coalescence of OSN axons into ∼3,600 glomeruli in the olfactory bulb. A traditional approach for visualizing OSNs and their axons consists of tagging an OR gene genetically with an axonal marker that is cotranslated with the OR by virtue of an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Here we report full cell counts for 15 gene‐targeted strains of the OR‐IRES‐marker design coexpressing a fluorescent protein. These strains represent 11 targeted OR genes, a 1% sample of the OR gene repertoire. We took an empirical, “count every cell” strategy: we counted all fluorescent cell profiles with a nuclear profile within the cytoplasm, on all serial coronal sections under a confocal microscope, a total of 685,673 cells in 56 mice at postnatal day 21. We then applied a strain‐specific Abercrombie correction to these OSN counts in order to obtain a closer approximation of the true OSN numbers. We found a 17‐fold range in the average (corrected) OSN number across these 11 OR genes. In the same series of coronal sections, we then determined the total volume of the glomeruli (TGV) formed by coalescence of the fluorescent axons. We found a strong linear correlation between OSN number and TGV, suggesting that TGV can be used as a surrogate measurement for estimating OSN numbers in these gene‐targeted strains. J. Comp. Neurol. 524:199–209, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26100963

  18. Importancia de la reconstrucción volumétrica y del pliegue glúteo en los parapléjicos con úlceras isquiáticas Enis Sarmiento IV Importance of volume and gluteal fold reconstruction in paraplegic patients with ischial ulcers type Enis Sarmiento IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Revelo Jirón

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los parapléjicos rehabilitados son propensos a sufrir úlceras isquiáticas como complicación más frecuente. Cuando estas úlceras tienen compromiso óseo, su tratamiento solo puede ser quirúrgico. Bajo estas condiciones los colgajos miocutáneos locales son parte de la solución. En el artículo presentamos una serie personal de 10 pacientes parapléjicos rehabilitados con úlceras isquiáticas reconstruidas utilizando un colgajo miocutáneo en isla de la porción inferior del glúteo mayor transferido a través de un túnel subcutáneo. Ninguno de los pacientes de nuestro grupo de estudio sufrió recidiva y todos han tenido una buena evolución a largo plazo. La aportación principal del presente trabajo es hacer hincapié en respetar en estos casos 3 principios utilizados en Cirugía Estética: las incisiones quirúrgicas deben efectuarse en los pliegues naturales para evitar secuelas estético-funcionales; debemos dejar mínimas cicatrices y obtener una restauración volumétrica corporal. En ese sentido pensamos que el diseño de los colgajos debe respetar rigurosamente la orientación del pliegue glúteo y aportar un buen almohadillado para reconstruir el capital volumétrico de la zona glútea; además es primordial dejar pocas cicatrices para no aumentar los riesgos locales debido a la falta de trofismo de la piel. De esta manera, creemos que se evitan las recidivas y las complicaciones.Paraplegic patients, during their rehabilitation period, usually develop ischial ulcers as the most common complication. When there is bone involvement only the surgical approach can be successful. Myocutaneous flaps are part of this approach. We present a sample of 10 paraplegic patients under rehabilitation suffering ischial ulcers that were handled with myocutaneous island flaps obtained from the lower bundles of gluteus maximus and transferred though a subcutaneous tunnel. All these patients have had a long term good evolution with no recurrences

  19. Apollonius de Perges, Coniques tome 2.2, livre IV

    CERN Document Server

    Rashed, Roshdi

    2009-01-01

    Book IV of the Konika consists of two parts; the first presents a theory of poles and polars, the second deals with the number of intersections and points of contact in a conic section. Previously the book was only extant as the very unreliable text of a Greek commentary by Eutocius. Roshdi Rashed here presents for the first time an edition of an Arabic translation based on a text independent of this Greek version. This is a valuable re-discovery, for which reason it is published here as a separate volume. It contains an edition princeps of the Arabic text, together with a faithful translation

  20. Long-term Effects of Maternal Deprivation on the Volume, Number and Size of Neurons in the Amygdala and Nucleus Accumbens of Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleksić, Dubravka; Aksić, Milan; Radonjić, Nevena V; Jovanović, Aleksandar; Marković, Branka; Petronijević, Nataša; Radonjić, Vidosava; Mališ, Miloš; Filipović, Branislav

    2016-09-01

    Maternal deprivation (MD) in rodents is an important neurodevelopmental model for studying a variety of behavioral changes which closely resemble the symptoms of schizophrenia in humans. To determine whether early-life stress leads to changes in the limbic system structures: the amygdala and the nucleus accumbens, 9-day-old Wistar rats were exposed to 24 hour MD. On P60 the rats were sacrificed for morphometric analysis and their brains were compared to the control group. Results show that MD affected important limbic system structures: the amygdala and the nucleus accumbens, whose volume was decreased (17% of the control value for the amygdala and 9% of the control value for the nucleus accumbens ), as well as the number of neurons (41% of the control value for the amygdala and 43% of the control value for the nucleus accumbens ) and the size of their cells soma (12% of the control value for the amygdala and 33% of the control value for the nucleus accumbens ). This study indicates that early stress in life leads to changes in the morphology of the limbic areas of the brain, most probably due to the loss of neurons during postnatal development, and it further contributes to our understanding of the effects of maternal deprivation on brain development.

  1. A new method to address unmet needs for extracting individual cell migration features from a large number of cells embedded in 3D volumes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Adanja

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In vitro cell observation has been widely used by biologists and pharmacologists for screening molecule-induced effects on cancer cells. Computer-assisted time-lapse microscopy enables automated live cell imaging in vitro, enabling cell behavior characterization through image analysis, in particular regarding cell migration. In this context, 3D cell assays in transparent matrix gels have been developed to provide more realistic in vitro 3D environments for monitoring cell migration (fundamentally different from cell motility behavior observed in 2D, which is related to the spread of cancer and metastases. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this paper we propose an improved automated tracking method that is designed to robustly and individually follow a large number of unlabeled cells observed under phase-contrast microscopy in 3D gels. The method automatically detects and tracks individual cells across a sequence of acquired volumes, using a template matching filtering method that in turn allows for robust detection and mean-shift tracking. The robustness of the method results from detecting and managing the cases where two cell (mean-shift trackers converge to the same point. The resulting trajectories quantify cell migration through statistical analysis of 3D trajectory descriptors. We manually validated the method and observed efficient cell detection and a low tracking error rate (6%. We also applied the method in a real biological experiment where the pro-migratory effects of hyaluronic acid (HA were analyzed on brain cancer cells. Using collagen gels with increased HA proportions, we were able to evidence a dose-response effect on cell migration abilities. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The developed method enables biomedical researchers to automatically and robustly quantify the pro- or anti-migratory effects of different experimental conditions on unlabeled cell cultures in a 3D environment.

  2. Optimization, Application, and Interpretation of Lactate Dehydrogenase Measurements in Microwell Determination of Cell Number and Toxicity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolterbeek, H.T.; Van der Meer, A.J.G.M.

    2005-01-01

    The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay was addressed for its sensitivity, disturbances by foaming, and cell number and size. Cells were from a U-251 MG grade IV human glioblastoma brain tumor cell line used in 100-µl well volumes. Cells were counted by microscopy and Coulter counting; assays were LDH

  3. Hidradenitis suppurativa: a disease of the absent sebaceous gland? Sebaceous gland number and volume are significantly reduced in uninvolved hair follicles from patients with hidradenitis suppurativa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamp, S; Fiehn, A M; Dokkedahl, Karin Stenderup;

    2011-01-01

    in paraffin and stained with haematoxylin and eosin prior to volume estimation using the Cavalieri principle. RESULTS: Sebaceous gland tissue could be visualized in only 10 of 15 suitable hair follicle biopsies from patients with HS but was present in all biopsies from healthy controls (P = 0·05) and the mean...

  4. Effect of feeding colostrum at different volumes and subsequent number of transition milk feeds on the serum immunoglobulin G concentration and health status of dairy calves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conneely, M; Berry, D P; Murphy, J P; Lorenz, I; Doherty, M L; Kennedy, E

    2014-11-01

    Transfer of sufficient IgG to the newborn calf via colostrum is vital to provide it with adequate immunological protection and resistance to disease. The objectives of the present study were to compare serum IgG concentration and health parameters of calves (1) fed different volumes of colostrum [7, 8.5, or 10% of body weight (BW)] within 2h of birth and (2) given 0, 2, or 4 subsequent feedings of transition milk (i.e., milkings 2 to 6 postcalving). Ninety-nine dairy calves were fed 7, 8.5, or 10% of BW in colostrum within 2h of birth and given 0, 2, or 4 subsequent feedings of transition milk. The concentration of IgG in the serum of calves was measured at 24, 48, 72, and 642 h of age by an ELISA. The apparent efficiency of absorption for IgG was determined. Health scores were assigned to calves twice per week and all episodes of disease were recorded. The effect of experimental treatment on calf serum IgG concentration differed by the age of the calf. Calves fed 8.5% of BW in colostrum had a greater mean serum IgG concentration than calves fed 7 or 10% of BW at 24, 48, and 72 h of age. At 642 h of age, serum IgG concentrations of calves fed 8.5% of BW (24.2g/L) and calves fed 10% of BW (21.6g/L) did not differ, although the serum IgG concentration of calves fed 8.5% of BW was still greater than that of calves fed 7% of BW (20.7 g/L). No difference in serum IgG concentration existed between calves fed 7% of BW and those fed 10% of BW at any age. No significant effect of number of subsequent feedings of transition milk on calf serum IgG concentration was detected. The apparent efficiency of absorption of calves fed 8.5% of BW in colostrum (38%) was greater than calves fed 7% of BW in colostrum (26%) and tended to be greater than in calves fed 10% of BW (29%). Calves fed further feedings of transition milk after the initial feeding of colostrum had a lower odds (0.62; 95% confidence interval: 0.41 to 0.93) of being assigned a worse eye/ear score (i.e., a more

  5. The number of circulating CD14+ cells is related to infarct size and postinfarct volumes in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction but not non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montange, Damien; Davani, Siamak; Deschaseaux, Frédéric; Séronde, Marie France; Chopard, Romain; Schiele, François; Jehl, Jérome; Bassand, Jean Pierre; Kantelip, Jean-Pierre; Meneveau, Nicolas

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the number of CD14+ cells, myocardial infarct (MI) size and left ventricular (LV) volumes in ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-ST segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) patients. METHODS: A total of 62 patients with STEMI (n=34) or NSTEMI (n=28) were enrolled. The number of CD14+ cells was assessed at admission. Infarct size, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and LV volumes were measured using magnetic resonance imaging five days after MI and six months after MI. Results: In STEMI patients, the number of CD14+ cells was positively and significantly correlated with infarct size at day 5 (r=0.40; P=0.016) and after six months (r=0.34; P=0.047), negatively correlated with LVEF at day 5 (r=−0.50; P=0.002) and after six months (r=−0.46; P=0.005) and positively correlated with end-diastolic (r=0.38; P=0.02) and end-systolic (r=0.49; P=0.002) volumes after six months. In NSTEMI patients, no significant correlation was found between the number of CD14+ cells and infarct size, LVEF or LV volumes at day 5 or after six months. CONCLUSIONS: The number of CD14+ cells at admission was associated with infarct size and LV remodelling in STEMI patients with large infarct size, whereas in NSTEMI patients, no relationship was observed between numbers of CD14+ cells and LV remodelling. PMID:23620701

  6. Interplanetary Type IV Bursts

    CERN Document Server

    Hillaris, Alexander; Nindos, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    In this work we study the characteristics of moving type IV radio bursts which extend to the hectometric wavelengths (interplanetary type IV or type IV IP bursts) and their relationship with energetic phenomena on the Sun. Our dataset comprised 48 Interplanetary type IV bursts observed by the Wind/WAVES in the 13.825 MHz?20 KHz frequency range. The dynamic spec tra of the RSTN, DAM, ARTEMIS-IV, CULGOORA, Hiraiso and IZMIRAN Radio-spectrographs were used to track the evolution of the events in the low corona; these were supplemented with SXR ?ux recordings from GOES and CME data from LASCO. Positional information for the coronal bursts were obtained by the Nan\\c{c}ay radioheliograph (NRH). We examined the relationship of the type IV events with coronal radio bursts, CMEs and SXR ?ares. The majority of the events (45) were characterized as compact; their duration was on average 106 min. This type of events were, mostly, associated with M and X class ?ares (40 out of 45) and fast CMEs; 32 of these events had CME...

  7. Interim report on the development and application of environmental mapped data digitization, encoding, analysis, and display software for the ALICE system. Volume II. [MAP, CHAIN, FIX, and DOUT, in FORTRAN IV for PDP-10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amiot, L.W.; Lima, R.J.; Scholbrock, S.D.; Shelman, C.B.; Wehman, R.H.

    1979-06-01

    Volume I of An Interim Report on the Development and Application of Environmental Mapped Data Digitization, Encoding, Analysis, and Display Software for the ALICE System provided an overall description of the software developed for the ALICE System and presented an example of its application. The scope of the information presented in Volume I was directed both to the users and developers of digitization, encoding, analysis, and display software. Volume II presents information which is directly related to the actual computer code and operational characteristics (keys and subroutines) of the software. Volume II will be of more interest to developers of software than to users of the software. However, developers of software should be aware that the code developed for the ALICE System operates in an environment where much of the peripheral hardware to the PDP-10 is ANL/AMD built. For this reason, portions of the code may have to be modified for implementation on other computer system configurations. 11 tables.

  8. Journal of Applied Physics, volume 76, number 10, part 2. Proceedings of the 6th Joint Magnetism and Magnetic Materials-INTERMAG Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yelon, W.; Ching, W.-Y.; Idzerda, Y.; Pinkerton, F. E.

    1994-06-01

    In addition to the usual invited papers, there were eight invited symposia: three on topics relating to magnetic and magneto-optic recording, and one each on magnetic microscopy, magnetic aftereffect, giant magnetoresistance, magneto-impedance, and neutron scattering studies of vortex structures in superconductors. There was also an evening panel discussion on units in magnetism. The journal volume includes 280 contributed papers and 47 invited papers and constitutes the Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (MMM) proceedings for 1994.

  9. Effect of prenatal loud music and noise on total number of neurons and glia, neuronal nuclear area and volume of chick brainstem auditory nuclei, field L and hippocampus: a stereological investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanyal, Tania; Palanisamy, Pradeep; Nag, T C; Roy, T S; Wadhwa, Shashi

    2013-06-01

    The present study explores whether prenatal patterned and unpatterned sound of high sound pressure level (110 dB) has any differential effect on the morphology of brainstem auditory nuclei, field L (auditory cortex analog) and hippocampus in chicks (Gallus domesticus). The total number of neurons and glia, mean neuronal nuclear area and total volume of the brainstem auditory nuclei, field L and hippocampus of post-hatch day 1 chicks were determined in serial, cresyl violet-stained sections, using stereology software. All regions studied showed a significantly increased total volume with increase in total neuron number and mean neuronal nuclear area in the patterned music stimulated group as compared to control. Contrastingly the unpatterned noise stimulated group showed an attenuated volume with reduction in the total neuron number. The mean neuronal nuclear area was significantly reduced in the auditory nuclei and hippocampus but increased in the field L. Glial cell number was significantly increased in both experimental groups, being highest in the noise group. The brainstem auditory nuclei and field L showed an increase in glia to neuron ratio in the experimental groups as compared to control. In the hippocampus the ratio remained unaltered between control and music groups, but was higher in the noise group. It is thus evident that though the sound pressure level in both experimental groups was the same there were differential changes in the morphological parameters of the brain regions studied, indicating that the characteristics of the sound had a role in mediating these effects.

  10. BALTICA IV. Plant maintenance for managing life and performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hietanen, S.; Auerkari, P. [eds.] [VTT Manufacturing Technology, Espoo (Finland). Operational Reliability

    1998-12-31

    BALTICA IV International Conference on Plant Maintenance Managing Life and performance held on September 7-9, 1998 on board M/S Silja Symphony on its cruise between Helsinki-Stockholm and at Aavaranta in Kirkkonummi. The BALTICA IV conference provides a forum for the transfer of technology from applied research to practice. This is one of the two volumes of the proceedings of the BALTICA IV International Conference on Plant Maintenance Managing Life and Performance. The BALTICA IV conference focuses on new technology, recent experience and applications of condition and life management, and on improvements in maintenance strategies for safe and economical operation of power plants. (orig.)

  11. BALTICA IV. Plant maintenance for managing life and performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hietanen, S.; Auerkari, P. [eds.] [VTT Manufacturing Technology, Espoo (Finland). Operational Reliability

    1998-12-31

    BALTICA IV International Conference on Plant Maintenance Managing Life and performance held on September 7-9, 1998 on board M/S Silja Symphony on its cruise between Helsinki-Stockholm and at Aavaranta in Kirkkonummi. The BALTICA IV conference provides a forum for the transfer of technology from applied research to practice. This is one of the two volumes of the proceedings of the BALTICA IV International Conference on Plant Maintenance Managing Life and Performance. The BALTICA IV conference focuses on new technology, recent experience and applications of condition and life management, and on improvements in maintenance strategies for safe and economical operation of power plants. (orig.)

  12. In connection with the publication in Bali Med J 2016, Volume 5, Number 2: 25-29, entitled "Intra-Arterial Heparin Flushing Increases Manual Muscle Test – Medical Research Councils (MMT-MRC Score in Chronic Ischemic Stroke Patient "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Hasan Machfoed

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available  In connection with the publication in Bali Med J 2016, Volume 5, Number 2: 25-29, entitled "Intra-Arterial Heparin Flushing Increases Manual Muscle Test – Medical Research Councils (MMT-MRC Score in Chronic Ischemic Stroke Patient ", herewith, please allow us to do reviews of the study discussion. By assessing the discussion, it can be proved whether there are references that support the results of study.

  13. Heat transfer investigation of two Langley Research Center delta wing configurations at a Mach number of 10.5, volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaves, R. H.; Buchanan, T. D.; Warmbrod, J. D.; Johnson, C. B.

    1972-01-01

    Heat transfer tests for two delta wing configurations were conducted in the hypervelocity wind tunnel. The 24-inch long models were tested at a Mach number of approximately 10.5 and at angles of attack of 20, 40, and 60 degrees over a length Reynolds number range from 5 million to 23 million on 4 May to 4 June 1971. Heat transfer results were obtained from model surface heat gage measurements and thermographic phosphor paint.

  14. IV access in dental practice.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Fitzpatrick, J J

    2009-04-01

    Intravenous (IV) access is a valuable skill for dental practitioners in emergency situations and in IV sedation. However, many people feel some apprehension about performing this procedure. This article explains the basic principles behind IV access, and the relevant anatomy and physiology, as well as giving a step-by-step guide to placing an IV cannula.

  15. Cumulated UDC Supplement, 1965-1975. Volume IV: Classes 63/676 (63 Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 64 Household and Domestic Economy, 65 Management. Communications, 66 Chemical Technology, 67/676 Various Industries; Leather, Pulp and Paper, Textiles, etc.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Federation for Documentation, The Hague (Netherlands). Committee on Classification Research.

    In continuation of the "Cumulated UDC Supplement - 1964" published by the International Federation for Documentation, this document provides a cumulative supplement to the Universal Decimal Classification for 1965-1975. This fourth of a five volume series lists new classification subdivisions added to the system in the following subject areas: (1)…

  16. Computer-Based Information Management System. Project STEEL. A Special Project To Develop and Implement a Computer-Based Special Teacher Education and Evaluation Laboratory. Volume IV. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Theodore W.; And Others

    The document is part of the final report on Project STEEL (Special Teacher Education and Evaluation Laboratory) intended to extend the utilization of technology in the training of preservice special education teachers. This volume focuses on the fourth of four project objectives, the development and preliminary evaluation of a computer-based…

  17. Development of an Interpretive Structural Model and Strategies for Implementation Based on a Descriptive and Prescriptive Analysis of Resources for Environmental Education/Studies. A Sourcebook for the Design of a Regional Environmental Learning System, Volume IV: Conducting Collective Inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warfield, John N.

    The steps, approaches, and tools of the collective inquiry process posited by a Regional Environmental Learning System is the subject of this volume. Approaches discussed include: (1) charette approach, (2) AT&T/Battelle approach, and (3) the Washington State approach. Tools for collective inquiry are described and field tests are discussed.…

  18. Dibromidodimethyldipyridineplatinum(IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mairéad E. Kelly

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In the title complex, [PtBr2(CH32(C5H5N2], the PtIV metal centre lies on a twofold rotation axis and adopts a slightly distorted octahedral coordination geometry. The structure displays weak intramolecular C—H...Br hydrogen-bonding interactions.

  19. Marketing produktu Karel IV.

    OpenAIRE

    Mikšů, Šárka

    2009-01-01

    Goal of the thesis Marketing of the product Karel IV. is to propose chanels of marketing communication and indicate possibilities of next product's development. Theoretical part is based on marketing plan and it's partition. In the practical part you can find market analysis and competing products analysis, product's evolution description and marketing research.

  20. PLATO IV Accountancy Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pondy, Dorothy, Comp.

    The catalog was compiled to assist instructors in planning community college and university curricula using the 48 computer-assisted accountancy lessons available on PLATO IV (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operation) for first semester accounting courses. It contains information on lesson access, lists of acceptable abbreviations for…

  1. Atlantic Coastal Experiment III: R/V KNORR cruise 68, 4-30 August 1977; FRV ALBATROSS IV cruise 77-07, 1-4, 16-31 August 1977. Data report, volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Judkins, D.C.; von Bock, K.

    1983-03-01

    Data are reported from KNORR cruise 68, the major investigation of the third Atlantic Coastal Experiment (ACE), conducted during a period of pro-nounced water-column stratification. One hundred fifty-five stations, including 6 time-series sitings, were occupied within the shelf and shelf- break regimes of New York Bight. Measurements were made to assess water-mass characterization, nutrient cycling, carbon/nitrogen assimilation, bio-mass distribution and diel dynamics and benthic/water-column interfacial exchange. Data are also included from the cruise of ALBATROSS IV carried out contemporaneously with the KNORR investigations, in an area ranging from Nantucket Shoals to the upper reaches of the Gulf of Maine. 20 hydrographic stations were used to augment underway mapping in order to elucidate surface-layer chlorophyll and nutrient distributions occurring at an impor-tant boundary of the New York Bight.

  2. An investigation of Newton-Krylov algorithms for solving incompressible and low Mach number compressible fluid flow and heat transfer problems using finite volume discretization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McHugh, P.R.

    1995-10-01

    Fully coupled, Newton-Krylov algorithms are investigated for solving strongly coupled, nonlinear systems of partial differential equations arising in the field of computational fluid dynamics. Primitive variable forms of the steady incompressible and compressible Navier-Stokes and energy equations that describe the flow of a laminar Newtonian fluid in two-dimensions are specifically considered. Numerical solutions are obtained by first integrating over discrete finite volumes that compose the computational mesh. The resulting system of nonlinear algebraic equations are linearized using Newton`s method. Preconditioned Krylov subspace based iterative algorithms then solve these linear systems on each Newton iteration. Selected Krylov algorithms include the Arnoldi-based Generalized Minimal RESidual (GMRES) algorithm, and the Lanczos-based Conjugate Gradients Squared (CGS), Bi-CGSTAB, and Transpose-Free Quasi-Minimal Residual (TFQMR) algorithms. Both Incomplete Lower-Upper (ILU) factorization and domain-based additive and multiplicative Schwarz preconditioning strategies are studied. Numerical techniques such as mesh sequencing, adaptive damping, pseudo-transient relaxation, and parameter continuation are used to improve the solution efficiency, while algorithm implementation is simplified using a numerical Jacobian evaluation. The capabilities of standard Newton-Krylov algorithms are demonstrated via solutions to both incompressible and compressible flow problems. Incompressible flow problems include natural convection in an enclosed cavity, and mixed/forced convection past a backward facing step.

  3. Enhanced Design Alternative IV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    N. E. Kramer

    1999-05-18

    This report evaluates Enhanced Design Alternative (EDA) IV as part of the second phase of the License Application Design Selection (LADS) effort. The EDA IV concept was compared to the VA reference design using criteria from the ''Design Input Request for LADS Phase II EDA Evaluations'' (CRWMS M&O 1999b) and (CRWMS M&O 1999f). Briefly, the EDA IV concept arranges the waste packages close together in an emplacement configuration known as ''line load''. Continuous pre-closure ventilation keeps the waste packages from exceeding the 350 C cladding and 200 C (4.3.13) drift wall temperature limits. This EDA concept keeps relatively high, uniform emplacement drift temperatures (post-closure) to drive water away from the repository and thus dry out the pillars between emplacement drifts. The waste package is shielded to permit human access to emplacement drifts and includes an integral filler inside the package to reduce the amount of water that can contact the waste form. Closure of the repository is desired 50 years after first waste is emplaced. Both backfill and a drip shields will be emplaced at closure to improve post-closure performance.

  4. The global frequency-wave number spectrum of oceanic variability estimated from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetric measurements. Volume 100, No. C12; The Journal of Geophysical Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wunsch, Carl; Stammer, Detlef

    1995-01-01

    Two years of altimetric data from the TOPEX/POSEIDON spacecraft have been used to produce preliminary estimates of the space and time spectra of global variability for both sea surface height and slope. The results are expressed in terms of both degree variances from spherical harmonic expansions and in along-track wavenumbers. Simple analytic approximations both in terms of piece-wise power laws and Pade fractions are provided for comparison with independent measurements and for easy use of the results. A number of uses of such spectra exist, including the possibility of combining the altimetric data with other observations, predictions of spatial coherences, and the estimation of the accuracy of apparent secular trends in sea level.

  5. Large numbers hypothesis. IV - The cosmological constant and quantum physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, P. J.

    1983-01-01

    In standard physics quantum field theory is based on a flat vacuum space-time. This quantum field theory predicts a nonzero cosmological constant. Hence the gravitational field equations do not admit a flat vacuum space-time. This dilemma is resolved using the units covariant gravitational field equations. This paper shows that the field equations admit a flat vacuum space-time with nonzero cosmological constant if and only if the canonical LNH is valid. This allows an interpretation of the LNH phenomena in terms of a time-dependent vacuum state. If this is correct then the cosmological constant must be positive.

  6. Large numbers hypothesis. IV - The cosmological constant and quantum physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, P. J.

    1983-01-01

    In standard physics quantum field theory is based on a flat vacuum space-time. This quantum field theory predicts a nonzero cosmological constant. Hence the gravitational field equations do not admit a flat vacuum space-time. This dilemma is resolved using the units covariant gravitational field equations. This paper shows that the field equations admit a flat vacuum space-time with nonzero cosmological constant if and only if the canonical LNH is valid. This allows an interpretation of the LNH phenomena in terms of a time-dependent vacuum state. If this is correct then the cosmological constant must be positive.

  7. Small-Volume Injections: Evaluation of Volume Administration Deviation From Intended Injection Volumes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muffly, Matthew K; Chen, Michael I; Claure, Rebecca E; Drover, David R; Efron, Bradley; Fitch, William L; Hammer, Gregory B

    2017-10-01

    In the perioperative period, anesthesiologists and postanesthesia care unit (PACU) nurses routinely prepare and administer small-volume IV injections, yet the accuracy of delivered medication volumes in this setting has not been described. In this ex vivo study, we sought to characterize the degree to which small-volume injections (≤0.5 mL) deviated from the intended injection volumes among a group of pediatric anesthesiologists and pediatric postanesthesia care unit (PACU) nurses. We hypothesized that as the intended injection volumes decreased, the deviation from those intended injection volumes would increase. Ten attending pediatric anesthesiologists and 10 pediatric PACU nurses each performed a series of 10 injections into a simulated patient IV setup. Practitioners used separate 1-mL tuberculin syringes with removable 18-gauge needles (Becton-Dickinson & Company, Franklin Lakes, NJ) to aspirate 5 different volumes (0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 mL) of 0.25 mM Lucifer Yellow (LY) fluorescent dye constituted in saline (Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) from a rubber-stoppered vial. Each participant then injected the specified volume of LY fluorescent dye via a 3-way stopcock into IV tubing with free-flowing 0.9% sodium chloride (10 mL/min). The injected volume of LY fluorescent dye and 0.9% sodium chloride then drained into a collection vial for laboratory analysis. Microplate fluorescence wavelength detection (Infinite M1000; Tecan, Mannedorf, Switzerland) was used to measure the fluorescence of the collected fluid. Administered injection volumes were calculated based on the fluorescence of the collected fluid using a calibration curve of known LY volumes and associated fluorescence.To determine whether deviation of the administered volumes from the intended injection volumes increased at lower injection volumes, we compared the proportional injection volume error (loge [administered volume/intended volume]) for each of the 5 injection volumes using a linear

  8. Density diagnostics derived from the O iv and S iv intercombination lines observed by IRIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polito, V.; Del Zanna, G.; Dudík, J.; Mason, H. E.; Giunta, A.; Reeves, K. K.

    2016-10-01

    The intensity of the O iv 2s2 2p 2P-2s2p24P and S iv 3 s2 3p 2P-3s 3p24 P intercombination lines around 1400 Å observed with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) provide a useful tool to diagnose the electron number density (Ne) in the solar transition region plasma. We measure the electron number density in a variety of solar features observed by IRIS, including an active region (AR) loop, plage and brightening, and the ribbon of the 22-June-2015 M 6.5 class flare. By using the emissivity ratios of O iv and S iv lines, we find that our observations are consistent with the emitting plasma being near isothermal (logT[K] ≈ 5) and iso-density (Ne ≈ 1010.6 cm-3) in the AR loop. Moreover, high electron number densities (Ne ≈ 1013 cm-3) are obtained during the impulsive phase of the flare by using the S iv line ratio. We note that the S iv lines provide a higher range of density sensitivity than the O iv lines. Finally, we investigate the effects of high densities (Ne ≳ 1011 cm-3) on the ionization balance. In particular, the fractional ion abundances are found to be shifted towards lower temperatures for high densities compared to the low density case. We also explored the effects of a non-Maxwellian electron distribution on our diagnostic method. The movie associated to Fig. 3 is available at http://www.aanda.org

  9. Integers annual volume 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Landman, Bruce

    2014-01-01

    ""Integers"" is a refereed online journal devoted to research in the area of combinatorial number theory. It publishes original research articles in combinatorics and number theory. This work presents all papers of the 2013 volume in book form.

  10. Diaquatetrabromidotin(IV trihydrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Ye

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, [SnBr4(H2O2]·3H2O, forms large colourless crystals in originally sealed samples of tin tetrabromide. It constitutes the first structurally characterized hydrate of SnBr4 and is isostructural with the corresponding hydrate of SnCl4. It is composed of SnIV atoms octahedrally coordinated by four Br atoms and two cis-related water molecules. The octahedra exhibit site symmetry 2. They are arranged into columns along [001] via medium–strong O—H...O hydrogen bonds involving the two lattice water molecules (one situated on a twofold rotation axis while the chains are interconnected via longer O—H...Br hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network.

  11. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 55, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Merrill Company, 1946), 20. When the Japanese invaded Thailand on 8 December 1941, the Thai government under Prime Minister Phibun Songkhram aligned...Underground Kingdom. Indianapolis: The Bobbs- Merrill Company, 1946. OSS in Siam 22 Studies in Intelligence Vol. 55, No. 4 (Extracts, December 2011...not publicly gloat after the mis- sile crisis, but did crow to his friends about the payback Khrushchev received for his bul- lying behavior during

  12. European Scientific Notes. Volume 33, Number 9,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-30

    the technological Norway and the Faroe Islands, is at design tools, such as wind tunnels, times used by the Institute for oceano- that enabled us to...irved hbv u , ig I t-phae !f I Ih Vii II ettt ’t II It-:0-c - .1. f rrentitalI-ph’.e--sh if t key Iing n3 .i rati I i ch f f T I ;hoicer o f 4 amplitude...in Bergen, rabbit bone marrow And skelrtal musc Norway . and it is a major center of during simulated dives; value of scmn- underwater technology

  13. Every Child. Volume 14, Number 3, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Alison, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The theme for this issue of "Every Child" is "Social and Emotional Development." Contents include an editorial by Alison Elliott, "Building a Quality Early Childhood Sector," a guest statement by Louise Tarrant, National Secretary of the Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Union (LHMU), titled "Taking Big Steps…

  14. Naval Research Reviews, Volume 32, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    Skill Marks ( MSM ). higher performance as measured by Military Marks Although the RJP did not significantly influence Scores is encouraging. It may well...NOR DA’s Ocean experts, to coordinate research relating to the Technology Division. This Division has had extensive disease schistosomiasis , and to

  15. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-04-01

    Contents include articles entitled: Texas Authority`s funding pending before conference committee: Auditor`s report favors authority; Revisions likely for Illinois siting law; Midwest Compact votes on Ohio fundings: Less approved than requested; Walter Sturgeon named executive director of North Carolina authority; New forum participant for Massachusetts; CRCPD holds fifth workshop for LLRW regulators; DOD generators hold annual meeting; State legislators` LLRW working group meets; NRC Chairman Jackson responds to proposal to amend the Policy Act; US Ecology uses to recover costs and lost profits and/or to compel Ward Valley land transfer; New suit against Envirocare and others alleges unlawful business practices; Federal court finds line-item veto unconstitutional; States/utilities seek to escrow nuclear waste payments; High-level waste bill passes Senate; NRC releases decommissioning rule; EPA Region VI re La Paz Agreement; EPA, NRC debate NRC`s decommissioning rule: No progress re approaches to risk harmonization; and Mousseau heads DOE`s national low-level waste management program.

  16. The Next Wave. Volume 19, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Engineering. 1981; 16. DOI: 10.1109/TSE. 1981.230844 [25] Canetti R. Universally composable security: A new paradigm for cryptographic protocols. In...Computing. I987;2(3):117 126. DOI: 10.1007/BF01782 130] Canetti R, Cheung I., Kaynar DK, Liskov M, Lynch N \\. Pereira O Segala R. Time hounded task...efficiency. In: Canetti R, editor. Theory of Cryptography (Proceedings of the Fifth Theory of Cryptography Conference; Mar 2008; New York, \\ V ) 1

  17. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Colsant, J.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-01-01

    Contents include articles entitled: Suit against Envirocare sparks investigations: Formal petition filed with NRC; Group alleges misconduct by USGS re Beatty study; EPA rescinds NESHAPs subpart 1; Northwest Compact executive director changes jobs; New forum participant for the state of New Jersey; and Director of North Carolina division of radiation control retires.

  18. LLW notes: Volume 10, Number 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C. [ed.] [Afton Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW Forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties.

  19. European Science Notes. Volume 41, Number 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    management system and of the following: Secretaria de la Revista the inference engine. de Psicologia Social , Facultad de Psico- Application of Knowledge-Based...Notes NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Social and Environmental Psychology .................... William D. Crano 519 Applied Artificial Intelligence...An International Journal ................................. William D. Crano 520 New Spanish Journal of Social Psychology ................. William D

  20. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 10,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-31

    subcutaneous to 127 women in the maternity ward of electrical stimulation, with effects that the Cattedra 1I di Anestesia e Reanima- lasted for up to 5 years...the time-division shares; these 25 people constitute a multiplexers and the manual -teletype switching managing board of directors. SITA is centers...approach is claimed to be more general effects manuals of the Naval Environmental than previous work. In all cases good Prediction Research Facility

  1. Catalyst, Volume 9, Number 3, Winter 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Barbara E., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Education's Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention publishes "Catalyst," a newsletter covering current Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence (AODV) prevention issues at institutions of higher education. "Catalyst" discusses emerging issues and highlights innovative efforts on…

  2. Catalyst, Volume 10, Number 1, Spring 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Barbara E., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Education's Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention publishes "Catalyst," a newsletter covering current Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence (AODV) prevention issues at institutions of higher education. "Catalyst" discusses emerging issues and highlights innovative efforts on…

  3. Catalyst, Volume 10, Number 2, Fall 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Barbara E., Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Education's Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention publishes "Catalyst," a newsletter covering current Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence (AODV) prevention issues at institutions of higher education. "Catalyst" discusses emerging issues and highlights innovative efforts on…

  4. Focus. Volume 27, Number 2, Winter 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspar, Emma, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) Progress toward Improving the U.S. Poverty Measure:…

  5. The Energy Messenger, Number 1, Volume 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stancil, J. [ed.

    1995-01-01

    `The Energy Messenger` is a Department of Energy publication on energy activities of interest to American Indians. The first issue of 1995 (in a magazine format) includes articles on: tribes winning grants to develop energy resources, recruiting of internships for DOE, information about Title XXVI-Indian Energy Resources, American Indian Heritage Month, tribal perspective on DOE actions, joint ventures between tribes and the DOE, and brief description of recent DOE activities.

  6. European Scientific Notes. Volume 39, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    at millimeter-wave frequencies states--X, Y, and Z. These substates between 40 and 100 GHz (Webb, 1969; differ in energy, if the molecular sym...aerodynam- ONR, London, report R-11-84 ics, meteorology, and molecular science, examines developments in the program -0 Preliminary results, as reported by...per la Corrosione Marina dei results have been obtained with an epoxy Metalli Reparto di Biologia Marina, Con- base paint containing 30 percent ZnO

  7. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Colsant, J.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-03-01

    Contents include articles entitled: California DHS sues US Interior Department to compel land transfer; LLW Forum holds winter meeting; LLW Forum waste information working group meets; LLW Forum regulatory issues discussion group meets; Envirocare investigation transferred to feds; Host state TCC meets in Laughlin, Nevada; BLM to require new permit for California site testing; Federal agencies and committees; Pena sworn in as Energy Secretary, Grumbly departs DOE; U.S. Supreme Court tackles property rights issues; GAO to study DOI`s actions; Congress scrutinizes FY `98 budget requests; and Senate committee passes high-level waste bill: Clinton threatens to veto.

  8. European Scientific Notes, Volume 38, Number 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    for the atmospheric inter- Centro Comune di Ricerca, 1-21020 Ispra ference in satellite-gathered oceano- (Varese), Italy; phone (010-39-332) graphic... comercially . Simrad surveillance applications, primarily for also plans to become more involved with use on small boats (down to 150-ton yes- sub-bottom

  9. LLW Notes: Volume 10, Number 7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C. [ed.] [Afton Associates, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-10-01

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW Forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties.

  10. European Science Notes. Volume 39, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-04-01

    asked and answered prior to starting the viduelle du Niveau de Developpement procedure. The procedure was then car- Operatoire et ses Implications ried...European * questions had been answered, countries, including three Eastern bloc The Flammer work suggests a new nations as well as North America and

  11. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 8,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-08-31

    of the Royal Society , 90 full n-type Substrate professors, and 95 associate professors. Of over 4,500 students, nearly half are studying engineering...36-4:86 11982] for more details on a specific * example.) The institute opened in 1972, under the A MULTILANGUAGE KEYBOARD *direction of Howard Raiffa...of the sensor has been used o at Fulmer to" measure the abrasiveness of batches of computer tape and audio tape. A corner of the Metals Society

  12. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-07-01

    least some naud’s disease), arthritis, rheumatism, of the manufacturers of both classes of ankylosing spondylitis , osteoporosis, equipment that full...highly idiosyncratic. People probably ability. There is a motivation to assemble personal knowledge structures exercise abilities one possesses where and...test plant The budget proposal includes sufficient to serve the technology involved has funds for STU to properly exercise its been built at nearby Arl

  13. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 7,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-31

    3 COW& D220 .-S 0 Distributiona/ UNCLASSIFIED SECUOUTY CLASIFICATION OF T1414 PA4tWmbm boo Umw10 .LOPU&N SCINT94 NOTES CH111100 9NAL RESEARCH edited...A3/S yields a con- corde program. A pair of separately Isolated sistent product of about 45% protein , 13% fat, but adjacent rooms is used for...carbohydrate yields 1.08 kilograms Studies on the transmission of noise In water of wet food product and 136 grams net of 167 ESN 36-7 (1982) protein . A

  14. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 56, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Sisci, “Too Many Cooks Spoil Foreign-Policy Stew,” Asia Times Online, 7 January 2011; Linda Jakobson and Dean Knox, “New Foreign Policy Actors in China...Yugoslav patriot and would-be man of the world who volunteered with his brother to work against the Nazis; Roman Czerniawski (BRUTUS), a Polish...Dusko Popov, Spy/Counterspy (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1973); Roman Garby-Czerniawski, The Big Network (London: George Ronald, 1961); Lily

  15. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 9,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-30

    placed on a fish or crustacean . The whole discussed "New Results in the Field of unit is about the size of a pint thermos Organic Photochemistry." (It...are eaten by small crusta- 20 or more years to reverse the process. ceans which are eaten by larger crustaceans The project is concerned with con...possibility lar movements that have developed in other of obtaining gas from Algeria or Tunisia parts of the world, particularly in the through a pipeline which

  16. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 12,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-31

    St. Mark’s Annaba, in eastern Algeria , helping to Square during the morning and late after- develop greater automation and better con- noon. It...15. systematics and morphology of fresh-watei With reference to Table 2 Great Bri- copepods (small crustaceans that are tain has the smallest

  17. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 4,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-30

    alkyl-, amido -, material was symtetracyanobenzene which or alkoxo-ligands. Among these are reacts with Li-n-propoxide to yield thermally stable complexes...final session involved a series of tention to specia topics. papers on stress analysis concerning The author’s principal interest unique effects in... stress -temperature condi- centered on probabilistic versus deter- tions, which are predicted to cause, ministic approaches to integrity eval- or

  18. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    exposure, genetics and racial factors may be critical to the .... throat or common cold by the general practitioner of ... and low socio-economic factors affects health seeking ... 1) 30-bp deletion and Xho I-loss is ... Cytologic Features of Metastatic.

  19. European Science Notes. Volume 39, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-11-01

    International Society for Neurochemistry was held in Riva del Garda, Italy, from 19 through 24 May. The presenta- tions covered areas ’such as molecular ...Neurosciences, and programs with other European countries. Molecular Biology in Europe and the Middle East for the Office of Naval Re- Several cooperative...bioluminescence in hormone 1. Rhone-Poulenc (fermentations) studies, and on research on latex parti- and its Genetica subsidary (genetic cles to

  20. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    Enzyme Reagents) pesticides) Compounds tants Genetic engineer- G3 Intergene Transqene ing, microbiology Transgene Roussel-Uclaf Genetica Sanofi Roussel...Transform Spectro- p scopy and Molecular Studies. I.M. Mills (University of Reading): The R.L. CaroviZlano Interpretation of High-Resolution 3/14/84

  1. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 7,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-31

    Cambridge University, be sure to images and on problems of field emis- see the original electron at the Caven - sion and electron lenses. dish Laboratory...The RAE has a contract, monitored by research but with some room for basic Lancaster, with Dr. John Field ( Caven - investigations. Godet divides the dish

  2. Circulatory Shock. Volume 27, Number 4, 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-02-01

    23 pg/ml by 180 min and plasma TNFct increased 852 ± 187 by 90 min, then rapidly returned to baseline. Following 45 min of eccentric exercise , which...sham operation (SO). Four weeks following AC, cardiac hypertrophy was evidenced by significantly elevated (pɘ.001) heart weight-to-body weight ratios...ratio of BE/BLPH during circulatory stress (i.e., hypertrophy ). The ratio of BE/BLPH in the heart varies independently of that in the plasma in AC

  3. European Scientific Notes, Volume 36, Number 12,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-31

    LANs) improvements in the software’s algorith ~ms so and remote access to large central computers. that runs could be made on the microcomputer LANs are...on A Toxic Diet," The Guardian, 18 November 1982, and the New Scientist). SUPER BUGS AND SUPER SLURRIES F.A. Richard8 The genetic engineering of

  4. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 8,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-31

    and his coworkcrs arc not entirely certain, but they have some microscopic evidence that these cracks begin at the interface. University of...cylinders stressed to the point of weeping show a network of interconnecting, transverse, and interlaminar cracking. Hull’s microscopic investigations...was my host at the Laboratoire de Structure Electronique des Solides, University Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg. Amorphous alloys are made there by a

  5. European Science Notes, Volume 40, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    to butanol and acetone was carried out . - interferon, are turned on following in a collaborative project between the virus infection. GBF and...was adapted to the cultivation of and acetone / butanol production and (2) .. Sacckaromycea cerevsiae and ethanol conversion of waste starch into fodder...4.2 and did not require any human parathyroid gene. Parathyroid further adjustment during fermentation . hormone from the parathyroid gland reg- A 2

  6. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    poor education are other factors which negatively affect the ... communities to enable policy makers and ... Practice Pattern (PPP) guidelines of the. 15 ... satisfied the inclusion criteria and gave consent .... agricultural workers in Malaysia. Trop.

  7. Naval Research Reviews. Volume XXXIV. Number 2,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Garti, Cazali Inst., monolaurate Jerusalem C Brij 35 Ethoxylated (23)- lauryl - alcohol N. Garti, Cazali Inst., Jerusalem D 10.G.1.0 Deca-glycerol...in the present study Commercial Code Name Generic Name Source A SDS Sodium-dodecyl-sulfate Sigma Company, USA B Tween 20 Ethoxylated (20)-sorbitan- N...Steroidic glycosides Sigma Company, USA G Myrj 59 Ethoxylated (100)-stearate N. Garti, Cazali Inst., Jerusalem H Triton X 100 lso-octyl-phenoxy

  8. European Science Notes, Volume 40, Number 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    factors. Receptors for CCK peptides nerves , and recently several biological- have been shown to be present in the ly active neuropeptides such as sub...S.CNS. Their distribution has been studied stance P have been localized to nerve in detail by immunohistochemical and fibers in the iris. However, the...flow to reattach ously with particle size. A single meas- downstream of the ribs ( reattachment urement therefore suffices to determine length) was too

  9. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34. Number 5,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-31

    Lafayette, IN) in which in conjunction with a hypodermic 259 A __ ____ ____ ESN 34-S (1980) needle guided by B-scan visualization, to measure the...Oceanography 4 Meteorology Mr. T.C. Cheston Underwater Acoustics 4 Radar Dr. P. Pire Communications and Information Theory Dr. N.A. Greenfield Radiological...Research 4 Systems Analysis CDR R.D. Matulka Aerospace Systems Dr. J. Neighbours Physics CDR S.E. Sokol Weapons Systems LCDR C.H. Spikes Environmental

  10. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-09-01

    Contents include articles entitled: House votes 309 to 107 to approve Texas compact; Nebraska governor hosts LLRW meeting; Southeast Compact considers funding proposal; Chem-Nuclear explores options re SC revenue requirements; Legislation sets revenue requirements for Barnwell; TCC meets: Supports CA request for technical assistance; DOE approves part of California`s technical assistance request; State legislators discuss LLRW management for OH, IL, NC; Washington governor re Potential New Hanford Role; Federal court enjoins DOE from excluding WCS on new disposal; Appellate court in favor of DOE in surcharge rebates dispute; Hearing set for October in Ward Valley case; court rejects federal motion to dismiss Ward Valley suit; NE sues commission re veto over export authorizations; US Supreme Court dismisses line-item veto challenge; Department of Interior Inspector General investigation requested; USEC privatization plan approved; DOD finalizes LLRW disposal charter; Clinton nominates six DOE appointees; Congress moves FUSRAP to Army Corps of Engineers; Schaefer named interim director of USGS: Nichols leaves EPA: NRC Commissioner Rogers` term expires; NRC: CA ``Well-Quantified`` to license Ward Valley facility; EPA objects to state permit for Louisiana facility; Petitions submitted to EPA oppose Shintech permits; ECOS draft recommendations re Enviro programs; Legislation introduced to prohibit spent fuel shipments to the Goshutes; and HLW legislation ready for floor action.

  11. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 2,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-02-28

    of the action similar to those used in artificial kid- of the glyco-proteins and are presently neys. The current work is on urease for synthesizing...ened the eutrophication of the whole adjusting the water level to minimize lake. oxidation and nitrification during summer In certain years, because of

  12. LLW Notes supplement, Volume 12, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-02-01

    Federal criteria for determining whether a project presents an environmental justice concern are currently subject to multiple interpretations. There are no federal statutes or regulations that specifically reference or address environmental justice, and the guidelines that are being developed by the Council on Environmental Quality are currently in draft form. The lack of consistent and clear federal criteria for determining what constitutes an environmental justice impact--and how to determine whether environmental justice issues have been effectively addressed--can create a dilemma for state agencies that wish to include--or have already included--environmental justice, along with legal, economic and technical issues, as a consideration when siting a facility. The following information is therefore provided for those agencies and commissions seeking to site, to license, to construct and to operate a low-level radioactive waste disposal facility. Topics include: National Environmental Justice Advisory Council; NEJAC members; Federal definitions of environmental justice; and EPA`s role in federal land transfers. Federal agencies can achieve environmental justice by identifying and addressing--as appropriate--disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of [federal agency] programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations.

  13. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 5,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-31

    remelting (VADER) process. thermal-capacity, resin-bonded sands to reduce Rheocasting consists of cooling an alloy thermal distortion and improve...casting. Among the ability of ± 0.10mm could be expected. advantages claimed for rheocasting are improved G. Williams (CKN Technology Ltd, UK) die life...forming, shown schematically in dling. A variation of rheocasting is compo- Figure 3. The dies used in the process are casting, which involves the addition

  14. Prism. Volume 2, Number 1, December 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Pakistan, Iran, and Iraqi Kurdistan . Abu Musab Zarqawi was one of them. He went to Kurdistan through Iran and met with fellow fleeing jihadist fighters...operations is a matter of circum- stance and art : the art of diplomacy, the art of (selective) war, the art of reconciliation, and the art of the law...Villagers building houses from radioactive rocks reported mild illnesses at that point, but there are fears that exposure will lead to high cancer rates

  15. Phalanx. Volume 48, Number 1. March 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    learning at all levels of formal and informal educa - tion. Topics discussed were: • Teaching teachers network sci- ence concepts • Network science in K-16...outreach and educa - tion research at the Network Science Center at West Point. For the past four years she has used her science and education

  16. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 3,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-31

    IIASA ), Vienna, Aus- railroad problems). They have actually tria (ESN 32-2:51) determined through computerized algor- Kulikowski also heads one of the...world market for telecommuni- dents, supplying three of the last cations equipment, computers, and elec- four! Tomlinson has been at IIASA tronic

  17. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-30

    I cognitive il S; . PATIAL LA NNING worl /’.d model 1REAiN SO... STM . REAONING VISUAL LINUISTIEXTNEXLERT L. ....... ::.. OEAO SSTEE EX ERT r L...Tran- 2xl0 19cm 3 at 320 0 K, but it was only sient Thermal Processing of Materials weakly dependent on laser intensity. A were the topics of a recent

  18. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 1,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-31

    observing optical activity in such aspects. Lund has long had a tradition ring systems when suitable substituents of research in thermochemistry by Sunner are...now been reduced formation and chemical reactivity of to 20 (from an initial 30) and the very electrogenerated radical anions. fine teaching ...whom most are neering and Theoretical Electrical En- students), five lecturers teaching ginering. courses in his area, and half a dozen Prof. Riedler

  19. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-30

    elastomer’s organic polymer matrices . Schultz and stiffness modulus is affected by the Donnet have done work on the surface chemical interaction between...Investigacao Operacional ) of which he is used not to supplement the earnings is at the moment the leader and which of the professors (as is common in

  20. European Science Notes. Volume 41, Number 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-01

    departures from analysis of five SAR’s revealed clusters smooth bending. of sequences closely related to the Klug stated that the " rules " that cleavage...Program, Embryology Lane and his group. Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, UK). Laskey and his group developed a cell-free system...which initi- The N-end Rule of Selective Protein Turn- ates and completes semiconservative DNA over replication in vitro. When demembranated Studies on

  1. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-30

    the the dextrin carbohydrates in tie beverage; "increasers" are apt to be the best performers these are not broken down by brewer’s yeast. in the real...University, Chico, US) reported on a simple stroyed dextrin , but it also gave an unpleasant conditioning procedijre that seemed to be ef- flavor to the...weight loss as and eliminate the offending gene, so that low the criterion, as they believed that obesity is carbohydrate beer now tastes like the real

  2. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 7,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-31

    recently joined the applied research program directed by Dr. Pierre Rey program of Unilever in Holland. At at the University of Paris, in which the same...time, the Unilever organization a successful artificial bladder was in Britain has lost to academia one fabricated. Rey’s work received a of its...University of London. The Unilever in 1979. organization remains a major source All of these applied efforts are of funding and technical expertise in

  3. European Science Notes. Volume 40, Number 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    perform els in patients. the assays. Optical Biosensors for Immunoassays Microelectrodes in Medicine I.A. Shanks ( Unilever Research, Col- I.A. Silver...Silver, to is simple and inexpensive has been devel- deter-nine what compounds are effective in oped by Shanks and his group at Unilever . wound

  4. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 3,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-31

    For NTISGPa DTIC TAB Distribution/ t i t Y Codes Avail and/0 Dist Special fP I. UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OP THIS PAGS(Who. Doto Eam0...distribution of acoustic testing paint adhesion are constantly being events during a tensile test was deconvoluted sought and assessed. One promising...solid. optical phenomena worthy of mention; two fields The signal, at approximately 450 kHz, has been in particular, photoacoustic spectroscopy and

  5. European Science Notes, Volume 39, Number 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    At small 14 17 2 4 1 0 enough) , martensite. Whether or not NbMicroalloyed martensite forms is a function of At, Thc P/ate NoPreheat I NLC LUz the...Psychological Society The, subscription price is 175 or as tak#,:’ o,,,,r the continuing publica - $132, and sample copies can be requested ,lnn ot thi

  6. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-31

    Design principles for 2. The Advanced End-User Facili- information management systems ( IMSs ) ties (ED) group studies a restricted have received a...great deal of emphasis family of IMSs , emphasizing efficient over the past year. The term IMS implementation techniques. It is applies to systems that...maintain a important to find out how efficient collection of data and allow interactive versions of IMSs should be designed. manipulation of those data

  7. The EUROCALL Review, Volume 23, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno, Ana, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    "The EUROCALL Review" is EUROCALL's open access online scientific journal. Regular sections include: (1) Reports on EUROCALL Special Interest Groups: up-to-date information on SIG activities; (2) Projects: reports on on-going CALL or CALL-related R&D projects; (3) Recommended websites: reports and reviews of examples of good practice…

  8. The EUROCALL Review, Volume 21, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno, Ana, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    "The EUROCALL Review" is EUROCALL's open access online scientific journal. Regular sections include: (1) Reports on EUROCALL Special Interest Groups: up-to-date information on SIG activities; (2) Projects: reports on on-going CALL or CALL-related R&D projects; (3) Recommended websites: reports and reviews of examples of good practice…

  9. The EUROCALL Review, Volume 22, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno, Ana, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    "The EUROCALL Review" is EUROCALL's open access online scientific journal. Regular sections include: (1) Reports on EUROCALL Special Interest Groups: up-to-date information on SIG activities; (2) Projects: reports on on-going CALL or CALL-related R&D projects; (3) Recommended websites: reports and reviews of examples of good practice…

  10. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-06-01

    Contents include articles entitled: USGS report supports previous conclusions re tritium migration at Beatty; Ohio selects new contractor for screening; Maine Yankee`s future uncertain; Southeast Compact limits funds for North Carolina project; California, Energy, and Interior exchange correspondence on Ward Valley testing; TCC meets in Salt Lake City, Utah; Garner named executive director and forum participant for Northwest Compact; Seventh Circuit upholds Energy Secretary`s determination re distribution of surcharge rebates; US Ecology sues Nebraska re wetlands mitigation; US Supreme Court hears line-item veto challenge; Court rules NAS must provide public access; WCS sues Envirocare of Texas; DOE and Envirocare sign consent agreement; NRC issues performance assessment guidance; NRC to publish final decommissioning rule; House subcommittee passes Texas Consent Act; Environmental justice bill introduced in the House; and International nuclear safety body established.

  11. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-31

    readily explainable, folding on the radiation crosslinking of Further work is in progress. polyethylene. A major influence of The rapidly growing use...Lyons reviewed his work on the use of low molecular weight "mobilizers" radiation crosslinking of high and which accelerated the disappearance of linear...chloride T. Ohta (Hitachi Chemical Co., . * for radiation crosslinking . Gel-dose Japan) described the use of ultraviolet plots indicated that different

  12. European Science Notes, Volume 40, Number 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-01

    as Director of Research, the Queen’s ture and evolution of the 5S ribosomal Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, and RNA ( 5S rRNA ). In the molecular...such as the Max Planck Institute for structural and functional study. Molecular Genetics, the Fritz Haber 5S rRNA is an integral part of the...for 5S rRNA tute of Biochemistry are funded not only which is in agreement with a large num- by the Free University of Berlin, but ber of physical

  13. Naval Research Reviews. Volume 35, Number 3,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Selsmlclty Qnd Volcainism at The Navc 4 Weapons Centert by Glenn R. Roquemoe and John T. Zellmer Naval Weapon. Center Introduction The Naval Weapons Center...Range has a history of volcanism and earth- quakes. The eruption of high-silica rhyolite occurred at least 38 times over the last million years, and...basaltic eruptions ceased only 30,000 years ago. Duffield, et al.’, have shown that, in all, about 35 cubic kilometers of lava have erupted during the

  14. European Science Notes. Volume 39, Number 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-10-01

    developed by members of Club Modulef, Gierst (Brussels); The Role of the which was created by INRIA in 1974. The Charge Transfer in the Adsorption of...Electrosynthesis in the Pre- pounds. sence of Cyclodextrin and Similar Coi- 6a. Industrial Electrochemistry, pounds, T. Osa (Sendai, Japan).5...main lectures and kinetics ( adsorption , electrocatalysis, 28 short contributions, the former being corrosion, electrochemical noise analy- surveys of

  15. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-07-01

    Contents include articles entitled: GAO concludes most Ward Valley SEIS issues previously addressed; Midwest compact halts facility development; Texas publishes proposal to issue WCS radioactive materials license; Central Compact issues export authorizations over NE`s objection; Nebraska governor to host LLRW summit; California regulators reassured re US ecology facility in WA; Southeast Compact augments funding for North Carolina; State and compact calendar of events; IAEA Director General to UN: reexamine nuclear power; DOI convenes meetings on Ward Valley Title VI complaint; California BLM: Tribes fully represented and consulted; MW, NE, and SW file amici curiae briefs in Ward Valley suit; Court denies state`s motion for protective order; WCS files suit against Envirocare and others; States attack DOE`s claim re lack of authority to store spent fuel; House committee passes Texas legislation; Ward Valley land transfer bill introduced in Senate; Senate committee holds hearing on Ward Valley legislation and related GAO report; NRDC threatens to sue DOE re Envirocare; NRC chair criticizes Deputy Interior Secretary`s use of Ward Valley fact sheet; Utility consortium submits license application for storage on Goshute land to NRC; Envirocare cited for SNM violation; EPA begins audit; and EPA rejects Title VI claim re Texas site.

  16. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-30

    language, and linguistics with a Matignon. M. Jean -Jacques Servan-Schrieber pilot project in Marseilles, France. Third, was appointed chief executive...at forefront of the tiscipline at the Univ. of MIT under the direction of Professor Seymour Geneva, where Piaget did his fundamental Papert. The

  17. The Challenge. Volume 14, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "The Challenge" provides information and resources to help schools create safe and healthy learning environments for students. Articles in this issue include: (1) Research Shows Consequences of Drug Abuse on the Teenage Brain (Don Vereen); (2) Interview: NIDA [National Institute on Drug Abuse] Director Discusses Drug Abuse among Teens; (3) Know…

  18. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35. Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-31

    type, pharmaceutical products, drugs , and loading, and solvent) and temperature. vitamins. These techniques also have For example, long needle...70% of the 10-14 1.90 1.87 GSD. These contributions are roug hlv 15-19 1.80 1.84 similar to the findings of the 1957 20-24 1.39 1.62 survey with the...Sleep, (5 Lim b ic Sys temn, Office of Naval Research, Biophysics (6b) Behavior C.NS, (7) Pl’vsiological B~ascs Program. A drug , (’vtochalas in B

  19. European Scientific Notes, Volume 37, Number 3,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-31

    as glycine , ß-alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and piperidinic acid. There was a pronounced maximum in the curve of anticoagulant activity...presented by research- ers from the Technical Institute of Munich and the Max Planck Institute in Stuttgart. By correlating the concentration of...of transition metal impurities in InP. Their reported work concentrated on manganese and copper. Both ion-implan- tation and diffusion techniques

  20. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 12,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-31

    and then there our belief the consequences of the con- are " lucid " dreams . In a lucid dream , flict are not so pervasive or injurious the sub’ect is...controlled. Trew asked 609 Catholic children According to a few individuals who have (ages 9 to 11) from urban and rural areas lucid dreams frequently, there...could a s]eeping person indicate that Fifty-three percent of those children he was in a lucid - dreaming state? Keith who lived in the most troubled areas

  1. Army Communicator. Volume 34, Number 3, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    dental ...contact ST – Special text TC – Training circulars VTC – Video teleconference WIN-T – Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (Left to right) SFC Dolores ...represented the 102nd Signal Battalion, Wiesbaden Dental Clinic, Wiesbaden Health Clinic, 66th Military Intelligence Brigade, 212th Military

  2. European Science Notes, Volume 41, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    yielded a suitable marker A.C. Cuello (Department of Pharma- for linkage studies involving the TH cology, McGill University, Montreal, Can- gene...immunoglobulin the molecular cloning of mRNA coding for (IgG). In this way, Cuello was able to rat brain myelin proteolipid protein obtain a probe of

  3. European Science Notes. Volume 40, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Assocition cc r Associatcon Frarioose de Robotique Industriali. (AFRi t .2 § (61 BRA British Robot Association M tu 3 Association Brttann~que do...Robosique Indurille (BRA’ 0. z . ~(7) SIRI Italian Robot Association .9 *5.6 Association litlionne do RobotiQue Industinell (SIRI, 00 5 /0j k.c Figure 2

  4. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 8

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Gedden, R.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-12-31

    Contents include articles entitled: Chem-Nuclear documents new plan for Barnwell; Nebraska releases technical analysis of LLRW facility; Southeast Compact suspends funding for NC facility development; NC governor and Southeast Compact differ on proposed MOU; Midwest Compact to return export fees; State legislators` group revises radioactive waste policy; Internal documents discuss administration`s policy on Ward Valley; BLM issues EA for Ward Valley testing; California DHS, NRC criticize DOI`s testing protocols; Army removes training mines from Ward Valley site; The 1997 gubernatorial elections and a look ahead to 1998; Court throws out case challenging Pennsylvania`s siting law; DOE files notice of appeal in WCS suit; Central Compact moves to dismiss ``Veto`` authority suit; Congress exempts NAS from FACA; Judge sets schedule for Ward Valley case; Court won`t order DOE to accept spent fuel by deadline; NRC chairman expresses concern re CERCLA reauthorization; Senators question EPA`s guidance on remediation; EPA issues guidance, criticizes NRC decommissioning rule; Members of Congress clarify FUSRAP transfer; HLW legislation passes House by wide margin; Takings legislation passes House; Energy and water bill signed into law; and Senate confirms 5 of 6 DOE appointees.

  5. European Scientific Notes. Volume 30, Number 5,

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laser Development at SERL; The Rosenhain Centenary Conference on Physical Metallurgy. Surface Layer Analysis by Means of Ion Beams; Atmospheric Sounding the French Way; Meteorology in France; Ocean Engineering -- Dutch Plumbing in the North Sea; Acoustics Research in Germany; and Electron Spectroscopy of Solid

  6. Diversity Digest. Volume 9, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musil, Caryn McTighe, Ed.; Hovland, Kevin, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    This issue of "Diversity Digest" grows out of one recent effort to raise the visibility of science in diversity and global learning initiatives. Articles in this issue include: (1) Science, Diversity, and Global Learning: Untangling Complex Problems (Kevin Hovland); (2) Breaking the Pyramid: Putting Science in the Core (Darcy Kelley);…

  7. Diversity Digest. Volume 9, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musil, Caryn McTighe, Ed.; Hovland, Kevin, Ed.

    2005-01-01

    Published by the Association of American Colleges and Universities, this issue of "Diversity Digest" focuses on institutional leadership and how it advances diversity in higher education. Articles presented in this issue include: (1) Intercultural Learning for Inclusive Excellence (Edgar Beckham); (2) Demanding, Attracting, and Developing…

  8. European Science Notes. Volume 40. Number 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-08-01

    important role in of the Alzheimer type and schizophrenia. nervous tissue has been greatly facili- Basic Research in the Neurosciences tated. One of the...of the 3d to 5f transition at group both relied upon radiative cooling 105 X in aluminum plasma has been ob- to promote recombination and lasing in...increased net amplification and gas puff implosion onto a cylinder of mode control. This is very difficult to aluminum , for instance. The lasing mate

  9. European Science Notes. Volume 39, Number 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    the and the afferent fibers also led to an release of maculo-ocular reflexes. The increase in the frequency of the EPSPs role of the various maculo...heretofore in birds. In rats, such cells could not unknown kind of cell contact (special- be shown clearly with the present tech- ized interneuronal ...one of the few organizations the giant axon serves as a transfer in Europe using this format, as neuro- point for commands to interneurons and biology

  10. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    the facilities where transfusions and skin United Nations Industrial Development punctures are frequent are particularly Organization ( UNIDO ), and the...Generation world Conference needed because of several chararteris- held in London from 27 through 29 tics of the information technology September 1983... tics , chaired by Prof. Ernst Henze. general loss functions, and in special Henze and his two associates, L. Schler cases explicit expressions for the and

  11. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-11-01

    SCIENTIFIC NOTES OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH LONDON Commanding Officer ...... CAPT M.A. Howard, USN November 1984 Scientific Director ..... James W. Daniel...neering. water Countermeasures and Weapons Estab- c. Holton Heath, Wareham (near lishment, and the Underwater Launching Poole). Head: Dr. N.J...argumentation.) puters over the remainder of this centu- Gerald L. Thompson (Carnegie-Mellon Uni- ry. His predictions were both specific versity) and

  12. European Science Notes. Volume 40, Number 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-10-01

    understanding of the transport of an infinite lateral dimension and clamped crown -of-thorns starfish larvae which is surface elevation, he found that the va...frequency f0 (Rosenc- waig 1979). Our zirconia coating of thickness up to 0.015" called for f0 to be 1 Hz or less, therefore implying very slow scanning. Hsu

  13. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 57, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    difficult adaptations. A suc- cessful translation often requires the presence of the original author or inventor of the technology to super- vise or conduct...Transactional View of Tacit Knowledge,” paper presented at October 2007 Society for Social Studies of Science annual meeting: http:== www .4sonline.org...the inventor and devel- oper of the technology. Despite the many papers the Berkeley group published on the cyclotron, including Lawrence’s Nobel

  14. Parameters, Volume 18, Number 1, March 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    frontation, with two barrels of machismo out in the middle of the street on the edge of the void about to blow each other to smithereens. He was not...Canada and Mexico , the wresting of Cuba and the Philippines from Spain, and even the Civil War. American soldiers fought not to conquer but to achieve the...Assistant Army Attache in Mexico . March 1988 61 0 25 50) Kilometers o 2 50 miles HONDURAS0 Tegucigalpa* MR V1I P 3 Estel MRRV MR 1 ft"* Mia us

  15. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 4,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-30

    configuration, a 32-level The basic phase-modulating element is a piece amplitude modulator is provided. of titanium -doped lithium niobate whose...solutions from plating Katholieke Universiteit at Leuven, Belgium, was operations and from etching and pickling baths. founded in the late 1960s as one of

  16. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 11,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-30

    combined effect of moisture, heat , and results of a major study which concluded mechanical stress; impact behavior; and that the degree of risk was low...from a lightning strike arcs across the Weinstock stated that it has been demon- joint, and the resulting ohmic heating strated that CFRP airframe...100 MW(e) plant has 28,600 heliostats earthquakes. The risk from Canvey Is- with surfaces of 30.4m 2. Each plant land is a couple of orders of

  17. European Science Notes. Volume 40, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-01

    Development, A.H. Cobb. The Influence of Bentazone on Stomatal Movement , A.H. Cobb. The Effect of Herbicides on Plant Growth and Development...for Sodium Chloride Tolerance in Chrysanthemums, K.C. Short. Metabolic Studies of Chloroplast Symbiosis, A.H. Cobb. Biochemical Indications of

  18. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 2,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-28

    of the upper atmosphere. STATISTICS Megalithic Statistics ................................................ D.R. Barr 79 Interesting statistical...the actual sight points), the MEGALITHIC STATISTICS accuracy with which the builders might have constructed such sighting stones, The British Isles...34 megalithic ," and there is to use a statistical approach with data evidence that the monuments were built from many megalithic sites. Thom also from 4,000 B.C

  19. ARE Update Volume 19, Number 3

    OpenAIRE

    SMITH Aaron; Anderson, Nina; Sumner, Daniel; Martin, Philip

    2016-01-01

    1. Biofuel Policies: Robbing Peter to Pay Paul Policies aimed at reducing carbon emissions from transportation have hit major obstacles in the past few years. In effect, these policies take money from petroleum producers and give it to renewable fuel producers, creating heated political and legal battles but little effect on consumers. 2. Which California Foods You Consume Makes Little Impact on Drought-Relevant Water Usage To be rel...

  20. European Science Notes. Volume 41, Number 10,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-10-01

    boron, or phosphorous. of acoustically radiating piezoelectric The program can simulate ionic implanta- Tonpilz transducers in a wide frequency tion...with and ultrasonic transducers and the numer- a strong orientation towards applied ap- ical modelization of piezoelectric trans- plications and the...is Dr. D. puter code, AT ILA (Analyse de Transduc - Collard, who is also head of the depart- V.-- teur par Integration des Equations de ment. This group

  1. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38. Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    gelatine spectrum of pressure pulses in the wall sheets fired onto targets and observed cavitation layer, the dispersal of bub- at a microsecond photographic...variation in time Research Laboratory/National Oceano- and distance from the basic source: graphic and Atmospheric Administration) surface-layer plankton

  2. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 56, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    espionage fiction in the 1990s and le Carré still soldiers on, but no espio- nage writer today—not even David Ignatius or Alan Furst—has matched the...satisfactorily-resolved mystery that Shelton maintains has contemporary rele- vance, Why He Chose Treason. In one sense, the book is a well-documented...provides a good summary. But those searching for a resolution of the mystery —as promised in the book’s title—will not find an answer here. It may

  3. PRISM. Volume 2, Number 3, June 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    FARC, particularly with Raul Reyes , a former deputy commander who was killed in a Colombian raid on a base in Ecuador in 2008. Computer material...collaboration between the FARC and high-ranking Venezuelan officials involved in providing weapons and resources. The “ Reyes files” implicated Venezuelan offi...destruc- tion, by all reports.9 (All projects constructed by HSI were undamaged by the quake, testa - ment to the IOM technical assistance.) Even in the

  4. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 5,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-31

    and vis- and water. The dried, filtered mass is cosity of short fibers contained in a then pressed into small briquettes, suspension flowing through a...Ecole National Sup6rieure des Mines de J.M. Berkson and J.E. Matthews Paris, Centre des Materiaux , Evry); (Naval Ocean Research and Development

  5. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    respectively). The size of fibroid did not influence the surgical treatment option ... fibroid(89/109(81.7%) vs 20/109(18.3%), p=0.001). While age ... resource constraint setting like ours open surgery still .... laparoscopic myomectomy. J Am Assoc.

  6. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 56, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    view, is not the mind-boggling quantities of information or the complex epistemological issue of what part of that ocean of information will help...required cannot be achieved using evolutionary or incremental improvements; “radical approaches” are neces- sary. (xx–xxvi) These arguments are...has made the case for well thought-out, focused, evolutionary change rath- er than radical change. The need for a revolu- tion remains unproved. The

  7. PRISM. Volume 3, Number 2, March 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    countries such as the United States, UK, France, and Germany, the post–Cold War threat environment has led to the proclama- tion of a postmodern military...as cultural relativism and the imposition of nonmilitary, social, ethical , and political criteria of evaluation on the mili- tary.28 It is these... postmodern militaries, and the nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and consultancies abounding in security sec- tor reform, that are seeking to

  8. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    The aim of this study was to determine the ameliorative effect of aqueous extract of Vernonia ... serum urea, creatinine, catalase and superoxide dismutase along with reduction in level of ..... natural inhibitor of extracellular signal- regulated ...

  9. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-05-01

    for Celuar and reported in many bioelectromagnetics Boeyestems. studies. In the presence of a nonuniform electric field of the proper frequency, cells...of 1982, a policy transport of proteins into mitochondria. established a scientific board to The goal of these studies is to learn provide guidance on...proteins. grants from the Swiss National Founda- A second group is concerned with ion tion and a few other agencies. Fellow- transport in membranes

  10. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Numbers 12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    chemistry largest effort modified casein diet; the biosynthesis is by Dr. M.B. Huglin his coworkers. of alkaloids; the production of narcotic Salford...osmometry. The overall reduced osmotically by the addition of behavior is described in terms of three high polymers which could not enter the types of...summarized his lar weights in cyclopentane. The tran- extensive work on micelles , in particu- sition from swollen to collapsed coils lar the use of

  11. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 2,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-28

    soldiers showed the expected pat- is indeed cumulative stress from such problems terns: more loneliness , more feelings of infe- as hospitalization, failure...8217 crewrien may have good rioti- Professors G.T. Russell and J. Bugge have vational effects, i,,,i the practice probleri-, tu,, developed and tested a

  12. The WSTIAC Quarterly. Volume 9, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    Smoothing Reactor Control & Protection System Control & Protection System Shunt Capacitor Shunt Capacitor Sub-marine HVDC Transmission Cable Circuit Breaker ...thereby leading to higher plant efficiency. As a final step in completing the circuit , the He working fluid exiting the high pressure compressor enters the...Smoothing reactors are employed to reduce ripples from the system in conjunction with DC. The layout of a HVDC transmission system is shown in Figure 8. The

  13. LLW Notes supplement, Volume 12, Number 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    Contents include articles related to environmental justice concerns and Title VI, entitled as follows: Civil Rights Act of 1964; Exec order on environmental justice; Applicability to states; Philosophical differences -- Environmental justice and Title VI; Ambiguities in existing Title VI guidance; Clarification of existing Title VI guidance; Federal financial assistance; Administrative complaints vs. lawsuits; Effect and disparate impact; Termination, suspension or refusal to grant federal financial assistance; DOJ guidance defines environmental justice; NEJAC meets, adopts far-reaching resolution re siting; Indigenous Peoples Resolution No. 23; and States meet, support environmental justice concept and express concerns about federal approach and composition of NEJAC.

  14. LLW Notes, Volume 12, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norris, C.; Brown, H. [eds.; Colsant, J.; Lovinger, T.; Scheele, L.; Shaker, M.A.

    1997-02-01

    Contents include the following articles: National Environmental Justice Advisory Council considers Ward Valley resolution; NGA urges Congressional and Presidential support for low-level radioactive waste compacts and transfer of federal land in Ward Valley; RFP issued for SEIS on Ward Valley land transfer; Illinois siting criteria finalized; Consideration of tribal concerns during Ward Valley siting process; State legislators` LLRW working group meets in D.C.; Upcoming state and compact events; Court calendar; Texas compact legislation introduced in Congress; Superfund reform is a priority for 105th Congress; High-level waste bill gets off to an early start; Fort Mojave petition NEJAC for Ward Valley resolution; EPA withdraws cleanup rule from OMB; Board ruling raises doubts about proposed Louisiana enrichment facility; DOE recommends external regulation by NRC; and Supplement--Background on environmental justice.

  15. Army Communicator. Volume 35, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    centers and switchboards. They also worked in film libraries and laboratories, and performed signal intelligence duties such as cryptography...and Sciences, and he received the Distinguished Service Cross for his work. One member of Capra’s film crew was Theodor Seuss Geisel , who...United States Geographic Board and worked for two years in the board’s offices including the Map Division of the Library of Congress. He left

  16. Media Anthropologist Newsletter. Volume 1, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, C. A., Ed.

    The aim of media anthropologists is to provide the general public with entertaining, relevant anthropological background information through the public media. This quarterly newsletter disseminates information, promotes awareness of present physical and social issues, and offers a means of intercommunication on the topic of Media Anthropology.…

  17. LLW Notes: Volume 10, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-04-01

    The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW Forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties.

  18. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-30

    on i ve rs ion. Inod"Ie dcc - .. ce-s -, t o -,n t a~ c F r.ide t c tO h, I C’ e t suh st rat t- which mos t ! neseah I NFOS :IF tica rxcd I, I j...which Planck Institute for Plasma Physics they call the 蔴-year recurrence ( Garching , FRG) . Anastassiades, the time." For example, variables such

  19. European Scientific Notes. Volume 37, Number 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-31

    Reptiles ............. F.E. Russell 249 The symposium concentrated on the morphology, development, physiology, ecology , and evolution of various reptiles...morphology, development and adult life. Interes- development, physiology, ecology , and tingly, in neither group is the first- evolution. The symposium was...hovercraft, hydrofoils , and planinq hulls. Recent work has NAVY-RELEVANT RESEAPCH AT THE UNIV. OF concentrated on the lateral stalility of LIVERPOOL high

  20. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    social factors that determine morbidity of under fives in Gimba village, a rural community of Kaduna ... KEYWORDS: : Social determinants, morbidity, children, rural, Nigeria,. 1. 2. 3 ... malaria, measles, malnutrition, diarrhea. 4 and pneumonia.

  1. The EUROCALL Review, Volume 21, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno, Ana, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    "The EUROCALL Review" is published online biannually by the European Association for Computer-Assisted Language Learning (EUROCALL). This issue offers regular sections on: (1) up-to-date information on Special Interest Groups; (2) reports on on-going CALL or CALL-related R&D projects in which EUROCALL members participate; (3) reports…

  2. The EUROCALL Review, Volume 20, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno, Ana, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "The EUROCALL Review" is published online biannually by the European Association for Computer-Assisted Language Learning (EUROCALL). This issue offers regular sections on: (1) up-to-date information on Special Interest Groups; (2) reports on on-going CALL or CALL-related R&D projects in which EUROCALL members participate; (3) reports…

  3. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 56, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    the impact of the war and changes to the international monetary structures brought about by the Atlantic Charter (August 1941) and the Bretton Woods ...leverage to cajole/coerce Britain into agreeing to the Bretton Woods system, which had its roots in the economic themes laid out in the Atlantic...political grounds, the Tories refused to devalue or float, believing that floating would undermine Bretton Woods , anger the United States, and harm

  4. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    agents namely, Gentamicin, Cefuroxime, Ceftriaxone and Norfloxacin singly and also in combination with ..... ciprofloxacin, minocycline, cloxacillin, and vancomycin) ... removal or deletion of the resistance factor which may have been an ...

  5. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 10,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-31

    talks on the BaPb -x Bix 3 supercon- The question of the coexistence of super- ducting perovskite . Jerome’s talk impressed conductivity on long-range...insulation transitions interostructurs ttin perovskite compounds when they found that The improvement in techniques to prepare for values of x between 0.05...intensity amplitude raised to the fourth aluminum- hafnium alloy MAR-M-004 having a power. A.F. Blom (Royal Inst. of Technology, large grain size

  6. European Science Notes. Volume 41, Number 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-01

    production of many nigh-value products kanes and simple cyclic terpenes , the such as pharmaceuticals and agricultural use of the microorganisms concerned... terpene esters terize the enzyme responsible for this " Microbial dehalogenases, their genet- bioconversion with a view to improving ics and biochemistry...positives. Sera from all individuals genes. Marcker and his group have so far were absorbed on HSV-infected varicella isolated six separate Lb genes from soy

  7. Military Review. Volume 58, Number 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-09-01

    accurately appreciated· and judiciously managed by national MILITARY REVIEW policymakers if senous complication of Braz11’s reg1onal secunty...Geopof,[Ica e as Pro,efOes do Poder Llvrana Jose Olympro Ed•tora Rm de Janmro Braz 1977 p 100 9 Stepan op Cit pp 15·17 10 for ellampte, the rncreas•ng...go with what is available. It is judicious to use CSS units as the main RAS force if the primary threat emanated from harassment-type activity

  8. European Scientific Notes. Volume 7, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1953-03-15

    sca t tering—range method was found to be about 2300 me. The track could be traced back into a facir.g ~ ia te h~ where 5 more mil lime ters of track...intensity measurements. — Older measurements on the infrared dispers ion of liquids have been carried out by the technique of prism refractometry using a

  9. Diversity Digest. Volume 8, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Mark, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    This issue of "Diversity Digest" contains articles and resources focused on the lasting lessons, legacies, and spirit of the 1954 "Brown v. Board of Education" decision. This year of the fiftieth anniversary, filled with ceremonies, celebrations, and commemorations of that decision has highlighted many well known and lesser…

  10. Diversity Digest. Volume 8, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Mark, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    Sponsored by the Pathways to College Network, this issue of "Diversity Digest" highlights some of the research that informs Pathways. Several of the articles identify factors that affect underserved students' ability to attend and succeed at postsecondary institutions. In the first article, "The Right to Learn and the Pathways to College Network"…

  11. European Science Notes. Volume 40, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    biophysics/bio- entrapment in a crosslinked pre-polymer- chemistry, set up the biotechnology ized polyacrylamide hydrazide. center in Israel in the rapidly...entrapment of enzymes in cross- peptides and microprotein chemistry. linked prepolymerized polyacrylamide hy- They have carried out sequential hydrol...Biochemistry, , Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Japan. Conversion of Starch to Liquid Sugar and Ethanol, R.F. Finn, School of Chemical

  12. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    in the 25- to found in areas as diverse as electro- 35-m range at the Comitato Nazionale optics and pharmacology. Energia Nucleare laboratory in...Istituto consist of 24 alternating layers of TiO 2 Uazionale di Fisica Nucleare in Fras- and SiO 2 , each a quarter-wave thick. At cati, Italy. 630 nm

  13. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-01

    seems that the latter * submitted to Biomateriale . can now be ruled out. It has generally been accepted that the best explanation for frequency...the Norwegian Council for ject involved H. HerO and R. Jirgensen Industrial and Scientific Research. (Scandinavian Institute of Dental Hater- With V.L...diameter Some chapter titles are: "Uniformly indicated to be PdCu in a dental Moving Dislocations, Surface Waves’ Ag -Pd-Cu-Au alloy. "Dislocations

  14. European Science Notes. Volume 39, Number 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-01

    properties. 7 3. Laboratoire de Chimie Organique 4/19/85 * Appliquge. Professor Alain Kiennemann. Mechanisms of heterogeneous and homo- geneous catalysis in...example, the "Unitg Associge creased with the formation of the asso- No. 405, Physico- chimie de la complex et ciated unit. des system interfaces" is a...d’Electrochimie et de article by listing other "laboratories" Chimie -Physique du Corps Solide in the or, in a sense, the title of the chemi- Institut Le Bel

  15. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 55, Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    credo of “informa- tion wants to be free.” This blatant disclosure can partially blind US analysts and decision- makers to foreign developments and...what its government knows and is doing?6 Such naïve questions are reminiscent of the now-ridiculed credo of nearly a century ago, i.e., that

  16. European Scientific Notes. Volume 38, Number 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    group, the perception of the rigidity in European social psychology can also versus flexibility of the style adopted be gotten from Doise and Moscovici ...group’s Reference existence and its uniqueness with Doise-, W., and S. Moscovici , eds., Cur- respect to other groups) influences at rent Issues in European

  17. European Scientific Notes. Volume 35, Number 3,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-31

    phorylated derivative, phytic acid. IHP ized, and pulse radiolysis techniques is the strongest known allosteric ef- were employed to study the...would believe is done with a beam splitter and an opti- Ramsden and Pert have got it right. cal delay. (As an aside to those who have The radiation

  18. European Science Notes. Volume 39, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-01

    instruction Landa , 1975). In brief, learning is in the university. Their work, however, seen as the acquisition of new mental makes a more general...information Chemical Education, 59 (1982), 509- technologies (NIT) is creating short- 513. term and long-term demands on the educa- Landa , L.N., "Some Problems...Nenniger Cognitive Psychology NPRDC, San Diego Richard E. Snow Seminar fir Philosophie of Text Analysis (Aug or Sep 85) und Erziehungswissenschaft Univ. of

  19. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 10,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-31

    therapy research projects conducted by the the exploitation and sale of patents. EE Department in cooperation with a hos- The solid-state work at IM...of the atoms occupying the different sites surgical school which became Queens Col- occurs independently to a first approxi- lego in 1843 and in 1892

  20. Teaching India. Footnotes. Volume 11, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehner, Trudy

    2006-01-01

    On March 11-12, 2006 the FPRI's Marvin Wachman Fund for International Education hosted 44 teachers from 16 states across the country for a weekend of discussion on teaching about India. Sessions included: (1) Why It's Important to Know about India (Ainslie T. Embree); (2) Early Indian History (Richard H. Davis); (3) Modern Indian History (Marc…

  1. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 57, Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    11 Walter LaFeber, The Clash: US-Japanese Relations Throughout History (W.W. Norton and Company, 1997); Michael Green and Patrick Cronin (eds.) The...Supreme Leader Ali Khamanei, Defense Min- ister Ali Akbar Tarkan, Iranian Rev- olutionary Guards Commander Mohsin Rida‘i, Intelligence Director Ali

  2. European Scientific Notes. Volume 33, Number 5,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-05-31

    specific pulmonic lobe was alone, as statistics have shown that selected for intubation, and normal sa- by the time the lesion in the chest line was...the taxonomy became con- patients with this type of bronchogenic siderably confused. The initial attempt cancer , who were treated by surgeiy to... cancer in susceptible individuals. payloads and 4 special auroral x-ray Some new and interesting results relating payloads from Karasjok; and groups

  3. Studies in Intelligence. Volume 55, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    organized by the state for the state.66 The recent emphasis on open source intelligence ( OSINT ) has further muddied the water, “blurr[ing...distinctions between intelligence and information and the barrier between secret and non-secret.”67 Although OSINT under one name or another has been

  4. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    into six groups (n= 6/group) and DM was induced using single dose of streptozotocin 65mg/kg ... glumosa ethanol leaves extract respectively via ip while Group V received insulin 6 iu/kg. Fasting blood .... Version 20.0. One way analysis of.

  5. Army Communicator. Volume 34, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    sustain commercial IT industry standards certifica- tions (e.g. CCIE , CCNA, MCSE, CISSP, CompTIA Secu- rity +, CompTIA Network + and others) to do...implement a communications renovation plan at COB Q-West, Iraq. IT Lingo • CCIE - Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert is the highest level of professional

  6. European Scientific Notes. Volume 34, Number 2,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-02-29

    rocky Smith (Plessey Co., Ltd) started the shores, soft shores, air pollution proceedings for this well-attended ( lichens are used as indicators of SO...This new method allows the pathologist enced by 1) blood flow, 2) the state to measure the DNA content of cell of osteogenesis, 3) the surface area...smears taken from the tumor. The DNA 4) capillary permeability, and 5) extra- content increases considerably from cellular fluid (ecf) concentration

  7. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Volume 1, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    a new kind of war with a new, implacable enemy that invokes an extremist brand of Islam against America and our allies; is not tied to geographic...drove the change in US policy.6 Hol- brooke was strongly influenced by the views of German defense minister Volker Rilehe, who in turn reflected the

  8. JMBR VOLUME 14 Number 2.cdr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FINEPRINT

    16 (35%) non-participating respondents were no consideration due to lack of awareness. Optometric ... Optometrist should embrace Health insurance as introduction of business models ... care seekers from financial risks of health care costs ...

  9. Prism. Volume 1, Number 1, December 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Susan B. Epstein , U.S. Embassy in Iraq (Washington, DC: CRS, October 24, 2006), figure 1. 18 The “clear-hold-build” approach to counterinsurgency is...staff of other agencies, such as the Coast Guard, Central Intelligence Agency, and National Security Agency. See Edward F. Bruner, “Military Forces...Reconstruction Roles, ed. Joseph Cerami and Jay Boggs (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 2007). 102 | leSSoNS leaRNed PRISM 1, no. 1 10

  10. dBASE IV basics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O`Connor, P.

    1994-09-01

    This is a user`s manual for dBASE IV. dBASE IV is a popular software application that can be used on your personal computer to help organize and maintain your database files. It is actually a set of tools with which you can create, organize, select and manipulate data in a simple yet effective manner. dBASE IV offers three methods of working with the product: (1) control center: (2) command line; and (3) programming.

  11. Phase IV of Drug Development

    OpenAIRE

    Viraj Suvarna

    2010-01-01

    Not all Phase IV studies are post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies but every PMS study is a phase IV study. Phase IV is also an important phase of drug development. In particular, the real world effectiveness of a drug as evaluated in an observational, non-interventional trial in a naturalistic setting which complements the efficacy data that emanates from a pre-marketing randomized controlled trial (RCT). No matter how many patients are studied pre-marketing in a controlled environment, ...

  12. Ultrathin magnetic structures IV applications of nanomagnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Heinrich, Bretislav

    2004-01-01

    The ability to understand and control the unique properties of interfaces has created an entirely new field of magnetism which already has a profound impact in technology and is providing the basis for a revolution in electronics. The last decade has seen dramatic progress in the development of magnetic devices for information technology but also in the basic understanding of the physics of magnetic nanostructures. Volume III describes thin film magnetic properties and methods for characterising thin film structure topics that underpin the present 'spintronics' revolution in which devices are based on combined magnetic materials and semiconductors. The present volume (IV) deals with the fundamentals of spintronics: magnetoelectronic materials, spin injection and detection, micromagnetics and the development of magnetic random access memory based on GMR and tunnel junction devices. Together these books provide readers with a comprehensive account of an exciting and rapidly developing field. The treatment is de...

  13. Topics in number theory

    CERN Document Server

    LeVeque, William J

    2002-01-01

    Classic two-part work now available in a single volume assumes no prior theoretical knowledge on reader's part and develops the subject fully. Volume I is a suitable first course text for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. Volume II requires a much higher level of mathematical maturity, including a working knowledge of the theory of analytic functions. Contents range from chapters on binary quadratic forms to the Thue-Siegel-Roth Theorem and the Prime Number Theorem. Includes numerous problems and hints for their solutions. 1956 edition. Supplementary Reading. List of Symb

  14. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdnack, James A.; Zhou, Xiaobin; Larrabee, Glenn J.; Millis, Scott R.; Salthouse, Timothy A.

    2011-01-01

    The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-fourth edition (WAIS-IV) and the Wechsler Memory Scale-fourth edition (WMS-IV) were co-developed to be used individually or as a combined battery of tests. The independent factor structure of each of the tests has been identified; however, the combined factor structure has yet to be determined. Confirmatory…

  15. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdnack, James A.; Zhou, Xiaobin; Larrabee, Glenn J.; Millis, Scott R.; Salthouse, Timothy A.

    2011-01-01

    The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-fourth edition (WAIS-IV) and the Wechsler Memory Scale-fourth edition (WMS-IV) were co-developed to be used individually or as a combined battery of tests. The independent factor structure of each of the tests has been identified; however, the combined factor structure has yet to be determined. Confirmatory…

  16. Impact of different leaf velocities and dose rates on the number of monitor units and the dose-volume-histograms using intensity modulated radiotherapy with sliding-window technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hess Clemens F

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT using sliding window technique utilises a leaf sequencing algorithm, which takes some control system limitations like dose rates (DR and velocity of the leafs (LV into account. The effect of altering these limitations on the number of monitor units and radiation dose to the organs at risk (OAR were analysed. Methods IMRT plans for different LVs from 1.0 cm/sec to 10.0 cm/sec and different DRs from 100 MU/min to 600 MU/min for two patients with prostate cancer and two patients with squamous cell cancer of the scalp (SCCscalp were calculated using the same "optimal fluence map". For each field the number of monitor units, the dose volume histograms and the differences in the "actual fluence maps" of the fields were analysed. Results With increase of the DR and decrease of the LV the number of monitor units increased and consequentially the radiation dose given to the OAR. In particular the serial OARs of patients with SCCscalp, which are located outside the end position of the leafs and inside the open field, received an additional dose of a higher DR and lower LV is used. Conclusion For best protection of organs at risk, a low DR and high LV should be applied. But the consequence of a low DR is both a long treatment time and also that a LV of higher than 3.0 cm/sec is mechanically not applicable. Our recommendation for an optimisation of the discussed parameters is a leaf velocity of 2.5 cm/sec and a dose rate of 300–400 MU/min (prostate cancer and 100–200 MU/min (SCCscalp for best protection of organs at risk, short treatment time and number of monitor units.

  17. Immunohistochmical Study of Glomerular Mesengial Collagen IV Expression in Diabetic Balb/c Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Jalali

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Extra-cellular matrix and basement membrane play important roles in many developmental phenamenon during development and after birth. Among the components of the basement membrane, collagen fibers specially type IV, are the most important part of this area. As kidney is one of the target organs in diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy is a major cause of end stage-renal disease and result an increase in morbidity and mortality of effected individuals, therefore early diagnosis leads to better treatment. The aim of this investigation was to study the primary diagnostic parameters by special regards to collagen IV fibers.Materials & Methods: In this study, 24 male balb/c mice were divided into experimental and control groups. In experimental group, the beta cells of Langerhance were chemically destroyed by an injection of 160 mg/kg alloxan and subdivided in experimental groups 1 and 2. Controls were kept untreated. Experimental group 1and 2 were sacrified 8 and 16 weeks after treatment with alloxan respectively. The same procedure was performed for control group. Immunohistochmical studies were carried out using monocolonal antibody against collagen type IV in Glomeruli. In addition, using morphometrical and stereological methods the volume of the glumerles was compared in all groups.Results: Our finding showed that in experimental groups with special regards in 16 weeks diabetic mice, the rate of collagen type IV in basement membrane around the parietal layer of Bowman capsule, mesangial cells and endothelium of capillary in glomerules increased significantly compared to controls and experimental group 1 (p<0.05, while there was not a significant difference among experimental group 2 and controls. Our data also revealed that the number of mesangial cells as well as glomerular volume increased significantly in experimental 2 (4.635±0.289×106µm3 compared to experimental 1 (3.504±0.189×106µm3 and controls (3.422

  18. DSM-IV Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    1992-01-01

    Notes that Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition (DSM-IV) will become one of most frequently used reference documents in counseling profession. Describes progress being made in development of DSM-IV, scheduled for publication in 1994. Describes revision process and proposed organizational changes and new diagnostic…

  19. Nuclear Employment Planning. Volume 4. Data Dictionary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    3398 t• DNA-TR-90-33-V4 Nuclear Employment Planning OIPU EWE COPY Volume IV-Data Dictionary Donald W. Doerfler D TIC Lowry A. West ELECTE Debora R...DNA 001 -88-C-0068 Volume IV--Data Dictionary PE 62715HPR - RW 6. AUTHOR(S) TA - RN Donald W. Doerfler , Lowry A. West, WU - DH042980 Debora R. Gleason

  20. Group IV nanotube transistors for next generation ubiquitous computing

    KAUST Repository

    Fahad, Hossain M.

    2014-06-04

    Evolution in transistor technology from increasingly large power consuming single gate planar devices to energy efficient multiple gate non-planar ultra-narrow (< 20 nm) fins has enhanced the scaling trend to facilitate doubling performance. However, this performance gain happens at the expense of arraying multiple devices (fins) per operation bit, due to their ultra-narrow dimensions (width) originated limited number of charges to induce appreciable amount of drive current. Additionally arraying degrades device off-state leakage and increases short channel characteristics, resulting in reduced chip level energy-efficiency. In this paper, a novel nanotube device (NTFET) topology based on conventional group IV (Si, SiGe) channel materials is discussed. This device utilizes a core/shell dual gate strategy to capitalize on the volume-inversion properties of an ultra-thin (< 10 nm) group IV nanotube channel to minimize leakage and short channel effects while maximizing performance in an area-efficient manner. It is also shown that the NTFET is capable of providing a higher output drive performance per unit chip area than an array of gate-all-around nanowires, while maintaining the leakage and short channel characteristics similar to that of a single gate-all-around nanowire, the latter being the most superior in terms of electrostatic gate control. In the age of big data and the multitude of devices contributing to the internet of things, the NTFET offers a new transistor topology alternative with maximum benefits from performance-energy efficiency-functionality perspective. © (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

  1. The 2006 Brown Center Report on American Education: How Well Are American Students Learning? With Special Sections on the Nation's Achievement, the Happiness Factor in Learning, and Honesty in State Test Scores. Volume II, Number 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loveless, Tom

    2006-01-01

    This report launches the second volume of the Brown Center Report on American Education. The five issues of volume one were published from 2000 to 2004. Volume one included regular reports on data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and state assessments, analysis of student achievement in charter schools, a study of trends…

  2. Endogeneity in Panel Data Models with Time-Varying and Time-Fixed Regressors: To IV or not IV?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo

    We analyse the problem of parameter inconsistency in panel data econometrics due to the correlation of exogenous variables with the error term.A common solution in this setting is to use Instrumental-Variable (IV) estimation in the spirit of Hausman-Taylor (1981). However, some potential shortcom......We analyse the problem of parameter inconsistency in panel data econometrics due to the correlation of exogenous variables with the error term.A common solution in this setting is to use Instrumental-Variable (IV) estimation in the spirit of Hausman-Taylor (1981). However, some potential...... shortcomings of the latter approach recently gave rise to the use of non-IV two-step estimators. Given their growing number of empirical applications, we aim to systematically compare the performance of IV and non-IV approaches in the presence of time-fixed variables and right hand side endogeneity using Monte...

  3. Aqueous complexation of thorium(IV), uranium(IV), neptunium(IV), plutonium(III/IV), and cerium(III/IV) with DTPA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, M Alex; Paulenova, Alena; Gelis, Artem V

    2012-07-16

    Aqueous complexation of Th(IV), U(IV), Np(IV), Pu(III/IV), and Ce(III/IV) with DTPA was studied by potentiometry, absorption spectrophotometry, and cyclic voltammetry at 1 M ionic strength and 25 °C. The stability constants for the 1:1 complex of each trivalent and tetravalent metal were calculated. From the potentiometric data, we report stability constant values for Ce(III)DTPA, Ce(III)HDTPA, and Th(IV)DTPA of log β(101) = 20.01 ± 0.02, log β(111) = 22.0 ± 0.2, and log β(101) = 29.6 ± 1, respectively. From the absorption spectrophotometry data, we report stability constant values for U(IV)DTPA, Np(IV)DTPA, and Pu(IV)DTPA of log β(101) = 31.8 ± 0.1, 32.3 ± 0.1, and 33.67 ± 0.02, respectively. From the cyclic voltammetry data, we report stability constant values for Ce(IV) and Pu(III) of log β(101) = 34.04 ± 0.04 and 20.58 ± 0.04, respectively. The values obtained in this work are compared and discussed with respect to the ionic radius of each cationic metal.

  4. Fast reactor safety and related physics. Volume IV. Phenomenology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-01-01

    Separate abstracts are included for 58 papers concerning single-phase flow and sodium boiling; sodium boiling and subassembly flow blockages; transient-overpower and loss-of-flow experiments; fuel and cladding behavior and relocation; fuel and cladding freezing; molten-fuel-coolant interaction; aerosols and fission product release, and post-accident heat removal. Thirteen papers have been perivously abstracted and included in ERA.

  5. Wind energy conversion. Volume IV. Drive system dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez-Sanchez, M.; Labuszewski, T.

    1978-09-01

    The dynamics of the drive system and various approaches to power transmission are described. The effects on performance of using a constant rotor speed as opposed to a rotor speed varying with the wind speed are discussed for various rotor operating schedules and typical wind distributions. The dynamics of the combined rotor, alternator, and drive system are analyzed. Conditions which could lead to electro-dynamic instabilities and desynchronization are discussed as well as means for stabilizing the system. The dynamics of the drive system and important design conditions for various drive systems are discussed, such as location of the alternators, use of hydraulic drive systems and smoothing techniques.

  6. Snohomish Estuary Wetlands Study. Volume IV. Delineation of Wetland Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-08-01

    River FIG. 4 -G. 5 CARNATION [] Scale in Miles 0 5 1 FALL CITY SNOHOMISH ESTUARY WETLANDS STUDY 8AOUAH FIG. 6-/ 44 Isan A EVRT 12 1 land NO4Carnation on the Snoqualmie River (Tolt River confluence). I B. OBJECTIVES 8. The objectives of the overall Snohomish Estuary Wetlands

  7. Annotated Bibliography for Lake Erie. Volume IV. Physical,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-10-01

    chlorine and alka- lis, and organic mercury compounds. The latter are as slimi- cides used in the pulping industry. Mercury is incorporated and...livestock and poultry production is concentrated are also potential sources of serious pollution. In Ohio, animal-waste pollu- tion problems are being...bridge between Huron and Ontario. (BU) 235. Farwell, Oliver A. 1925. Botanical gleanings in Michigan. Am. Mid. Nat. 9(7):259. 102 Brief account of

  8. Inertial Navigation System Standardized Software Development. Volume IV. Program Listings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    8217 der 0’ ftI L’_ ’* C. C’ T iC C..C ’ C , -1 >’ C ." C’ý C’.. a’ c C’! 1 I.. b.. * I cc Cs c - ., ( Cz jeo -~ -e- Cj.c .j , j j uj m mU.. LU.C,~ t LAw L

  9. Homeland Security Affairs Journal, Volume IV - 2008: Issue 3, October

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Homeland Security Affairs is the peer-reviewed online journal of the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS), providing a forum to propose and debate strategies, policies, and organizational arrangements to strengthen U.S. homeland security. The instructors, participants, alumni, and partners of CHDS represent the leading subject matter experts and practitioners in the field of homeland security. October 2008. The articles in this issue of Homeland Securit...

  10. NASA's Role in Aeronautics: A Workshop. Volume IV - General Aviation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Assembly of Engineering.

    The central task of a 1980 workshop on the role of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in aeronautics was to examine the relationship of NASA's research capabilities to the state of U.S. aviation and to make recommendations about NASA's future role in aeronautics. The findings and recommendations of the Panel on General…

  11. PISA 2015 Results: Students' Financial Literacy. Volume IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing, 2017

    2017-01-01

    The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines not just what students know in science, reading and mathematics, but what they can do with what they know. Results from PISA show educators and policy makers the quality and equity of learning outcomes achieved elsewhere, and allow them to learn from the policies and practices…

  12. The Modern RPG IV Language

    CERN Document Server

    Cozzi, Robert

    2006-01-01

    This updated, classic work on the RPG language covers all the new functions and features that have been added since 2003, including new op codes and built-in functions, new chapters on free-format RPG IV and Web programming interfaces, information on implementing XML within RPG IV, and expanded information on procedures. This reference guide takes both novice and experienced RPG IV programmers through the language, from its foundation to its most advanced techniques. More than 100 charts and tables, as well as 350 real-life code samples of functions and operations are included, showing readers

  13. Boletin de Informacion Educativa, Ano IV, No. 8 (Educational Information Bulletin, Volume IV, No. 8).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Santa Fe (Argentina). Centro de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa de la Provincia de Santa Fe.

    This information bulletin is published by the Documentation and Educational Information Center in the Argentine province of Santa Fe. The bulletin reports on educational developments in the province and abroad, educational problems, statistics, legislation, documentation and information techniques, and information from international organizations.…

  14. Sagan numbers

    OpenAIRE

    Mendonça, J. Ricardo G.

    2012-01-01

    We define a new class of numbers based on the first occurrence of certain patterns of zeros and ones in the expansion of irracional numbers in a given basis and call them Sagan numbers, since they were first mentioned, in a special case, by the North-american astronomer Carl E. Sagan in his science-fiction novel "Contact." Sagan numbers hold connections with a wealth of mathematical ideas. We describe some properties of the newly defined numbers and indicate directions for further amusement.

  15. Fibonacci numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Vorob'ev, Nikolai Nikolaevich

    2011-01-01

    Fibonacci numbers date back to an 800-year-old problem concerning the number of offspring born in a single year to a pair of rabbits. This book offers the solution and explores the occurrence of Fibonacci numbers in number theory, continued fractions, and geometry. A discussion of the ""golden section"" rectangle, in which the lengths of the sides can be expressed as a ration of two successive Fibonacci numbers, draws upon attempts by ancient and medieval thinkers to base aesthetic and philosophical principles on the beauty of these figures. Recreational readers as well as students and teacher

  16. Inventory of Federal energy-related environment and safety research for FY 1978. Volume II. Project listings and indexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-12-01

    This volume contains summaries of FY-1978 government-sponsored environment and safety research related to energy. Project summaries were collected by Aerospace Corporation under contract with the Department of Energy, Office of Program Coordination, under the Assistant Secretary for Environment. Summaries are arranged by log number, which groups the projects by reporting agency. The log number is a unique number assigned to each project from a block of numbers set aside for each agency. Information about the projects is included in the summary listings. This includes the project title, principal investigators, research organization, project number, contract number, supporting organization, funding level if known, related energy sources with numbers indicating percentages of effort devoted to each, and R and D categories. A brief description of each project is given, and this is followed by subject index terms that were assigned for computer searching and for generating the printed subject index in Volume IV.

  17. Number names and number understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejersbo, Lisser Rye; Misfeldt, Morten

    2014-01-01

    through using mathematical names for the numbers such as one-ten-one for 11 and five-ten-six for 56. The project combines the renaming of numbers with supporting the teaching with the new number names. Our hypothesis is that Danish children have more difficulties learning and working with numbers, because...... the Danish number names are more complicated than in other languages. Keywords: A research project in grade 0 and 1th in a Danish school, Base-10 system, two-digit number names, semiotic, cognitive perspectives....

  18. Quantitative neuroimaging in mucolipidosis type IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiffmann, Raphael; Mayfield, Joan; Swift, Caren; Nestrasil, Igor

    2014-02-01

    Mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV) is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from mutations in the MCOLN1 gene. This gene encodes the endosomal/lysosomal transient receptor potential channel protein mucolipin-1 (TRPML1). Affected patients suffer from neurodevelopmental abnormalities and progressive retinal dystrophy. In a prospective natural history study we hypothesized the presence of an additional slow cerebral neurodegenerative process. We have recruited 5 patients, tested their neurodevelopmental status, and measured cerebral regional volumes and white matter integrity using MRI yearly. Over a period of up to 3 years, MLIV patients remained neurologically stable. There was a trend for increased cortical and subcortical gray matter volumes and increased ventricular size, while white matter and cerebellar volumes decreased. Mean diffusivity (MD) was increased and fractional anisotropy (FA) values were below normal in all analyzed brain regions. There was a positive correlation between motor scores of the Vineland Scale and the FA values in the corticospinal tract (corr coef 0.39), and a negative correlation with the MD values (corr coef -0.50) in the same brain region. We conclude from these initial findings that deficiency in mucolipin-1 affects the entire brain but that there might be a selective regional cerebral neurodegenerative process in MLIV. In addition, these data suggest that diffusion-weighted imaging might be a good biomarker for following patients with MLIV. Therefore, our findings may be helpful for designing future clinical trials.

  19. Genetics Home Reference: mucopolysaccharidosis type IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Mucopolysaccharidosis type IV (MPS IV), also known as Morquio syndrome, is a progressive condition that mainly affects ... Management Genetic Testing (3 links) Genetic Testing Registry: Morquio syndrome Genetic Testing Registry: Mucopolysaccharidosis, MPS-IV-A ...

  20. A non-conformal finite element/finite volume scheme for the non-structured grid-based approximation of low Mach number flows; Un schema elements finis non-conformes/volumes finis pour l'approximation en maillages non-structures des ecoulements a faible nombre de Mach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ansanay-Alex, G.

    2009-06-17

    The development of simulation codes aimed at a precise simulation of fires requires a precise approach of flame front phenomena by using very fine grids. The need to take different spatial scale into consideration leads to a local grid refinement and to a discretization with homogeneous grid for computing time and memory purposes. The author reports the approximation of the non-linear convection term, the scalar advection-diffusion in finite volumes, numerical simulations of a flow in a bent tube, of a three-dimensional laminar flame and of a low Mach number an-isotherm flow. Non conformal finite elements are also presented (Rannacher-Turek and Crouzeix-Raviart elements)

  1. Variable volume combustor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ostebee, Heath Michael; Ziminsky, Willy Steve; Johnson, Thomas Edward; Keener, Christopher Paul

    2017-01-17

    The present application provides a variable volume combustor for use with a gas turbine engine. The variable volume combustor may include a liner, a number of micro-mixer fuel nozzles positioned within the liner, and a linear actuator so as to maneuver the micro-mixer fuel nozzles axially along the liner.

  2. Solid phase extraction and preconcentration of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) on Duolite XAD761 prior to their inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Funda Armagan; Soylak, Mustafa

    2007-04-15

    A simple and effective method is presented for the separation and preconcentration of thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) by solid phase extraction on Duolite XAD761 adsorption resin. Thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) 9-phenyl-3-fluorone chelates are formed and adsorbed onto the Duolite XAD761. Thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) are quantitatively eluted with 2molL(-1) HCl and determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The influences of analytical parameters including pH, amount of reagents, amount of Duolite XAD761 and sample volume, etc. were investigated on the recovery of analyte ions. The interference of a large number of anions and cations has been studied and the optimized conditions developed have been utilized for the trace determination of uranium and thorium. A preconcentration factor of 30 for uranium and thorium was achieved. The relative standard deviation (N=10) was 2.3% for uranium and 4.5% for thorium ions for 10 replicate determinations in the solution containing 0.5mug of uranium and thorium. The three sigma detection limits (N=15) for thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) ions were found to be 4.5 and 6.3ngL(-1), respectively. The developed solid phase extraction method was successively utilized for the determination of traces thorium(IV) and uranium(VI) in environmental samples by ICP-MS.

  3. Eulerian numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Petersen, T Kyle

    2015-01-01

    This text presents the Eulerian numbers in the context of modern enumerative, algebraic, and geometric combinatorics. The book first studies Eulerian numbers from a purely combinatorial point of view, then embarks on a tour of how these numbers arise in the study of hyperplane arrangements, polytopes, and simplicial complexes. Some topics include a thorough discussion of gamma-nonnegativity and real-rootedness for Eulerian polynomials, as well as the weak order and the shard intersection order of the symmetric group. The book also includes a parallel story of Catalan combinatorics, wherein the Eulerian numbers are replaced with Narayana numbers. Again there is a progression from combinatorics to geometry, including discussion of the associahedron and the lattice of noncrossing partitions. The final chapters discuss how both the Eulerian and Narayana numbers have analogues in any finite Coxeter group, with many of the same enumerative and geometric properties. There are four supplemental chapters throughout, ...

  4. Algebraic number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Weiss, Edwin

    1998-01-01

    Careful organization and clear, detailed proofs characterize this methodical, self-contained exposition of basic results of classical algebraic number theory from a relatively modem point of view. This volume presents most of the number-theoretic prerequisites for a study of either class field theory (as formulated by Artin and Tate) or the contemporary treatment of analytical questions (as found, for example, in Tate's thesis).Although concerned exclusively with algebraic number fields, this treatment features axiomatic formulations with a considerable range of applications. Modem abstract te

  5. The Synthesis, Characterization and Comparative Anticorrosion Study of Some Organotin(IV 4-Chlorobenzoates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hastin Kurniasih

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis of 3 compounds of a series of dibutyl(IV di-4-chlorobenzoate, diphenyl(IV di-4-chlorobenzoate and triphenyltin(IV 4-chlorobenzoate have successfully been performed by reacting the dibutyltin(IV dichloride, diphenyltin(IV dichloride and triphenyltin(IV chloride respectively via the dibutyltin(IV oxide, diphenyltin(IV dihydroxide and triphenyltin(IV hydroxide with 4-chlorobenzoic acid. All compounds synthesized were well characterized by 1H and 13C NMR, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopies as well as based on the microanalytical data. The anticorrosion activity of these compounds were tested on Hot Roller Plate (HRP mild steel in DMSO-HCl solution using potentiodynamic method. The results revealed that the triphenyltin(IV 4-chlorobenzoate clearly showed the strongest inhibitor activity compared to the other derivatives, while diphenyltin(IV compounds were better than that of dibutyltin(IV analogous. The results reported here indicated that the optimal activity were depended on the ligand attached to the metal centre and might also be related to the number of carbon atoms present in the organotin(IV used.

  6. Nuclear volume and prognosis in ovarian cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, O.; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Bichel, P.

    1992-01-01

    The prognostic value of the volume-weighted mean nuclear volume (MNV) was investigated retrospectively in 100 ovarian cancer patients with FIGO-stage IB-II (n = 51) and stage III-IV (n = 49) serous tumors. No association was demonstrated between the MNV and the survival or between the MNV and two...

  7. Nuclear volume and prognosis in ovarian cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, O.; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Bichel, P.;

    1992-01-01

    The prognostic value of the volume-weighted mean nuclear volume (MNV) was investigated retrospectively in 100 ovarian cancer patients with FIGO-stage IB-II (n = 51) and stage III-IV (n = 49) serous tumors. No association was demonstrated between the MNV and the survival or between the MNV and two...

  8. Volume Entropy

    CERN Document Server

    Astuti, Valerio; Rovelli, Carlo

    2016-01-01

    Building on a technical result by Brunnemann and Rideout on the spectrum of the Volume operator in Loop Quantum Gravity, we show that the dimension of the space of the quadrivalent states --with finite-volume individual nodes-- describing a region with total volume smaller than $V$, has \\emph{finite} dimension, bounded by $V \\log V$. This allows us to introduce the notion of "volume entropy": the von Neumann entropy associated to the measurement of volume.

  9. Magic Numbers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    THE last digit of my home phone number in Beijing is 4. “So what?” European readers might ask.This was my attitude when I first lived in China; I couldn't understand why Chinese friends were so shocked at my indifference to the number 4. But China brings new discoveries every day, and I have since seen the light. I know now that Chinese people have their own ways of preserving their well being, and that they see avoiding the number 4 as a good way to stay safe.

  10. Number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Andrews, George E

    1994-01-01

    Although mathematics majors are usually conversant with number theory by the time they have completed a course in abstract algebra, other undergraduates, especially those in education and the liberal arts, often need a more basic introduction to the topic.In this book the author solves the problem of maintaining the interest of students at both levels by offering a combinatorial approach to elementary number theory. In studying number theory from such a perspective, mathematics majors are spared repetition and provided with new insights, while other students benefit from the consequent simpl

  11. FUNDAMENTALS OF AMHARIC (REVISED), UNITS IV-VII (LESSONS 16-35).

    Science.gov (United States)

    BARTON, DONALD K.; AND OTHERS

    THIS IS THE SECOND OF A THREE-VOLUME COURSE IN BASIC AMHARIC. FOLLOWING THE SAME FORMAT AS THE FIRST VOLUME, EACH LESSON IN UNITS IV-VII CONTAINS A DIALOG, GRAMMATICAL NOTES, PATTERN DRILLS, EXERCISES, AND A VOCABULARY LIST. ENGLISH-AMHARIC AND AMHARIC-ENGLISH GLOSSARIES ARE APPENDED. THIS COURSE WILL PREPARE THE STUDENT TO PERFORM AT A…

  12. Coast Guard Proceedings. Volume 69, Number 4 /Volume 70, Number 1. Winter 2012/Spring 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    requirements and process behind rulemaking as a complicated maze , we focused on providing an introductory primer on those legal requirements and the...forefront of an exciting time in the international rulemaking movement. Weak maritime governance creates soft borders, ripe for drug runners

  13. JOUNRNALISM & COMMUNICATION VOLUME 19. NUMBER 6, 2012%JOUNRNALISM & COMMUNICATION VOLUME 19. NUMBER 6, 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4 Populism and Representing Deviation of New Media Events Chen Long Different from the raw event, new media event is a sort of "representative event" . Recently, the so called populists who are active on internet are enthusiastic about processing and rema- king the facts of emergency, which causes representing deviation. Boosting audiences' mood to a high status, confusing them, the populists have interfered administration and judicial process increasingly. This article argues that the representation of new media event is always framed, and public opinion is often coerced towards an irrational status when people's interests involved.

  14. JOUNRNALISM & COMMUNICATION VOLUME 18. NUMBER 2, 2011%JOUNRNALISM & COMMUNICATION VOLUME 18. NUMBER 2, 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong Junhao

    2011-01-01

    There are three types of media in the United States, i. e. , privately owned media, public media, and government media. This research examines the new trends in the international coverage of U. S. government media in the post - cold war era. More specific

  15. Equine Science. Instructor Guide [and] Student Reference. Volume 27, Number 4 [and] Volume 27, Number 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leffert, Kenneth L.; And Others

    This instructor guide and the corresponding student reference contain 10 lessons to enhance an Agricultural Science I course for grade 9. The lessons cover the following topics: introduction, psychology and handling, conformation and selection, genetics and reproduction, herd health, hoof care, nutrition, equipment and facilities, handling horses,…

  16. Animal Science. Instructor Guide [and] Student Reference. Volume 28, Number 3 [and] Volume 28, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Andy; And Others

    This instructor guide and the corresponding student reference contain 4 units that include 30 lessons for a course in animal science for 11th- and 12th-grade agriculture science students. The units cover nutrition, genetics, reproduction, and animal health. The instructor's guide contains the following: objectives, competencies, motivational…

  17. Confirmatory factor analysis of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdnack, James A; Xiaobin Zhou; Larrabee, Glenn J; Millis, Scott R; Salthouse, Timothy A

    2011-06-01

    The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-fourth edition (WAIS-IV) and the Wechsler Memory Scale-fourth edition (WMS-IV) were co-developed to be used individually or as a combined battery of tests. The independent factor structure of each of the tests has been identified; however, the combined factor structure has yet to be determined. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV Adult battery (i.e., age 16-69 years) co-norming sample (n = 900) to test 13 measurement models. The results indicated that two models fit the data equally well. One model is a seven-factor solution without a hierarchical general ability factor: Verbal Comprehension, Perceptual Reasoning, Processing Speed, Auditory Working Memory, Visual Working Memory, Auditory Memory, and Visual Memory. The second model is a five-factor model composed of Verbal Comprehension, Perceptual Reasoning, Processing Speed, Working Memory, and Memory with a hierarchical general ability factor. Interpretative implications for each model are discussed.

  18. Nice numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Barnes, John

    2016-01-01

    In this intriguing book, John Barnes takes us on a journey through aspects of numbers much as he took us on a geometrical journey in Gems of Geometry. Similarly originating from a series of lectures for adult students at Reading and Oxford University, this book touches a variety of amusing and fascinating topics regarding numbers and their uses both ancient and modern. The author intrigues and challenges his audience with both fundamental number topics such as prime numbers and cryptography, and themes of daily needs and pleasures such as counting one's assets, keeping track of time, and enjoying music. Puzzles and exercises at the end of each lecture offer additional inspiration, and numerous illustrations accompany the reader. Furthermore, a number of appendices provides in-depth insights into diverse topics such as Pascal’s triangle, the Rubik cube, Mersenne’s curious keyboards, and many others. A theme running through is the thought of what is our favourite number. Written in an engaging and witty sty...

  19. Free-format RPG IV

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Jim

    2013-01-01

    This how-to guide offers a concise and thorough introduction to the increased productivity, better readability, and easier program maintenance that comes with the free-format style of programming in RPG IV. Although free-format information is available in IBM manuals, it is not separated from everything else, thereby requiring hours of tedious research to track down the information needed. This book provides everything one needs to know to write RPG IV in the free-format style, and author Jim Martin not only teaches rules and syntax but also explains how this new style of coding has the pot

  20. Contribution of alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) Collagen IV to the Mechanical Properties of the Glomerular Basement Membrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyoneva, Lazarina

    The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is a vital part of the blood-urine filtration barrier in the kidneys. In healthy GBMs, the main tension-resisting component is alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) type IV collagen, but in some diseases it is replaced by other collagen IV isoforms. As a result, the GBM becomes leaky and disorganized, ultimately resulting in kidney failure. Our goal is to understanding the biomechanical aspects of the alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) chains and how their absence could be responsible for (1) the initial injury to the GBM and (2) progression to kidney failure. A combination of experiments and computational models were designed for that purpose. A model basement membrane was used to compare experimentally the distensibility of tissues with the alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) chains present and missing. The experiments showed basement membranes containing alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) chains were less distensible. It has been postulated that the higher level of lateral cross-linking (supercoiling) in the alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) networks contributes additional strength/stability to basement membranes. In a computational model of supercoiled networks, we found that supercoiling greatly increased the stiffness of collagen IV networks but only minimally decreased the permeability, which is well suited for the needs of the GBM. It is also known that the alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) networks are more protected from enzymatic degradation, and we explored their significance in GBM remodeling. Our simulations showed that the more protected network was needed to prevent the system from entering a dangerous feedback cycle due to autoregulation mechanisms in the kidneys. Overall, the work adds to the evidence of biomechanical differences between the alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV)alpha5(IV) networks and other collagen IV networks, points to supercoiling as the main source of biomechanical differences, discusses the suitability of alpha3(IV)alpha4(IV

  1. Transcendental numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Murty, M Ram

    2014-01-01

    This book provides an introduction to the topic of transcendental numbers for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students. The text is constructed to support a full course on the subject, including descriptions of both relevant theorems and their applications. While the first part of the book focuses on introducing key concepts, the second part presents more complex material, including applications of Baker’s theorem, Schanuel’s conjecture, and Schneider’s theorem. These later chapters may be of interest to researchers interested in examining the relationship between transcendence and L-functions. Readers of this text should possess basic knowledge of complex analysis and elementary algebraic number theory.

  2. 11. IV avati Draakoni galeriis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tanel Saare (sünd. 1979) näitus "Gott und huhn episode IV: seed shower". Eksponeeritakse väljavõtteid aktsioonidest aastatel 2000-2004 Turus, Nürnbergis, Berliinis, Lohusalus ja Soulis. Osa aktsioone toimus koos rühmitusega Non Grata

  3. VeVeRa-IV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evelien Eggink; Debbie Oudijk; Klarita Sadiraj

    2012-01-01

    Original title: VeVeRa-IV The Dutch population is set to age rapidly in the coming years. More and more people will also attain a very great age. This means that the need for home care and care provided in nursing or residential care homes will also increase. As part of the Long-term Care Programme

  4. Phase IV of Drug Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suvarna, Viraj

    2010-04-01

    Not all Phase IV studies are post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies but every PMS study is a phase IV study. Phase IV is also an important phase of drug development. In particular, the real world effectiveness of a drug as evaluated in an observational, non-interventional trial in a naturalistic setting which complements the efficacy data that emanates from a pre-marketing randomized controlled trial (RCT). No matter how many patients are studied pre-marketing in a controlled environment, the true safety profile of a drug is characterized only by continuing safety surveillance through a spontaneous adverse event monitoring system and a post-marketing surveillance/non-interventional study. Prevalent practice patterns can generate leads that could result in further evaluation of a new indication via the RCT route or even a signal that may necessitate regulatory action (change in labeling, risk management/minimization action plan). Disease registries are another option as are the large simple hybrid trials. Surveillance of spontaneously reported adverse events continues as long as a product is marketed. And so Phase IV in that sense never ends.

  5. Phase IV of Drug Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viraj Suvarna

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Not all Phase IV studies are post-marketing surveillance (PMS studies but every PMS study is a phase IV study. Phase IV is also an important phase of drug development. In particular, the real world effectiveness of a drug as evaluated in an observational, non-interventional trial in a naturalistic setting which complements the efficacy data that emanates from a pre-marketing randomized controlled trial (RCT. No matter how many patients are studied pre-marketing in a controlled environment, the true safety profile of a drug is characterized only by continuing safety surveillance through a spontaneous adverse event monitoring system and a post-marketing surveillance/non-interventional study. Prevalent practice patterns can generate leads that could result in further evaluation of a new indication via the RCT route or even a signal that may necessitate regulatory action (change in labeling, risk management/minimization action plan. Disease registries are another option as are the large simple hybrid trials. Surveillance of spontaneously reported adverse events continues as long as a product is marketed. And so Phase IV in that sense never ends.

  6. Federal Logistics Information System. FLIS Procedures Manual Publications. Volume 15.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    4,5,7,15 dress Code DEMIL Demilitarization 4,15 DoDAAD Department of De- fense Activity Ad- DESC Defense Electronics 2,14 dress Dictionary Supply Center...Supply 2.14 DoDAAC Department of De- Center fense Activity Ad- dress Code iv CH 2 DoD 4100.39-M Volume 15 Volume(s) Volume(s) DoDAAD Department of De

  7. Metric-Independent Volume-Forms in Gravity and Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Guendelman, Eduardo; Pacheva, Svetlana

    2015-01-01

    Employing alternative spacetime volume-forms (generally-covariant integration measure densities) independent of the pertinent Riemannian spacetime metric have profound impact in general relativity. Although formally appearing as "pure-gauge" dynamical degrees of freedom they trigger a number of remarkable physically important phenomena such as: (i) new mechanism of dynamical generation of cosmological constant; (ii) new type of "quintessential inflation" scenario in cosmology; (iii) non-singular initial "emergent universe" phase of cosmological evolution preceding the inflationary phase; (iv) new mechanism of dynamical spontaneous breakdown of supersymmetry in supergravity; (v) gravitational electrovacuum "bags". We study in some detail the properties, together with their canonical Hamiltonian formulation, of a class of generalized gravity-matter models built with two independent non-Riemannian volume-forms and discuss their implications in cosmology.

  8. Numbers, Please!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelin, John R.

    2013-01-01

    What topic would you choose if you had the luxury of writing forever? In this article, John Thelin provides his response: He would opt to write about the history of higher education in a way that relies on quantitative data. "Numbers, please!" is his research request in taking on a longitudinal study of colleges and universities over…

  9. Numbers, Please!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelin, John R.

    2013-01-01

    What topic would you choose if you had the luxury of writing forever? In this article, John Thelin provides his response: He would opt to write about the history of higher education in a way that relies on quantitative data. "Numbers, please!" is his research request in taking on a longitudinal study of colleges and universities over…

  10. Negative Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbraith, Mary J.

    1974-01-01

    Examination of models for representing integers demonstrates that formal operational thought is required for establishing the operations on integers. Advocated is the use of many models for introducing negative numbers but, apart from addition, it is recommended that operations on integers be delayed until the formal operations stage. (JP)

  11. The theory of algebraic numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Pollard, Harry

    1998-01-01

    An excellent introduction to the basics of algebraic number theory, this concise, well-written volume examines Gaussian primes; polynomials over a field; algebraic number fields; and algebraic integers and integral bases. After establishing a firm introductory foundation, the text explores the uses of arithmetic in algebraic number fields; the fundamental theorem of ideal theory and its consequences; ideal classes and class numbers; and the Fermat conjecture. 1975 edition. References. List of Symbols. Index.

  12. Postoperative volume balance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frost, H; Mortensen, C.R.; Secher, Niels H.

    2017-01-01

    In healthy humans, stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) do not increase with expansion of the central blood volume by head-down tilt or administration of fluid. Here, we exposed 85 patients to Trendelenburg's position about one hour after surgery while cardiovascular variables were determined...... non-invasively by Modelflow. In Trendelenburg's position, SV (83 ± 19 versus 89 ± 20 ml) and CO (6·2 ± 1·8 versus 6·8 ± 1·8 l/min; both Pheart rate (75 ± 15 versus 76 ± 14 b min(-1) ) and mean arterial pressure were unaffected (84 ± 15 versus 84 ± 16 mmHg). For the 33 patients......, determination of SV and/or CO in Trendelenburg's position can be used to evaluate whether a patient is in need of IV fluid as here exemplified after surgery....

  13. The mechanism of astragaloside IV promoting sciatic nerve regeneration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaohong Zhang; Jiajun Chen

    2013-01-01

    3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-cycloastragenol (astragaloside IV), the main active component of the traditional Chinese medicine astragalus membranaceus, has been shown to be neuroprotective. This study investigated whether astragaloside IV could promote the repair of injured sciatic nerve. Denervated sciatic nerve of mice was subjected to anastomosis. The mice were intraperitoneal y injected with 10, 5, 2.5 mg/kg astragaloside IV per day for 8 consecutive days. Western blot assay and real-time PCR results demonstrated that growth-associated protein-43 ex-pression was upregulated in mouse spinal cord segments L 4–6 after intervention with 10, 5, 2.5 mg/kg astragaloside IV per day in a dose-dependent manner. Luxol fast blue staining and elec-trophysiological detection suggested that astragaloside IV elevated the number and diameter of myelinated nerve fibers, and simultaneously increased motor nerve conduction velocity and action potential amplitude in the sciatic nerve of mice. These results indicated that astragaloside IV con-tributed to sciatic nerve regeneration and functional recovery in mice. The mechanism underlying this effect may be associated with the upregulation of growth-associated protein-43 expression.

  14. Displacement volume collected from tows monitoring collected in the North Atlantic Ocean on NOAA Ship ALBATROSS IV cruises AL9505, AL9506 and others as part of the GB project from 1995-02-11 to 1999-06-23 (NODC Accession 0098781)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BioVolume Data from Bongo Tows during Broadscale Cruises, 1995-1999 Dave Mountain, Jack Green and Joe Kane, NMFS This displacement volume data comes from one net...

  15. Number names and number understanding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejersbo, Lisser Rye; Misfeldt, Morten

    2014-01-01

    This paper concerns the results from the first year of a three-year research project involving the relationship between Danish number names and their corresponding digits in the canonical base 10 system. The project aims to develop a system to help the students’ understanding of the base 10 syste...

  16. Psychodiagnosis for Counselors: The DSM-IV. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinkle, J. Scott

    This digest notes that there has been an increase in the number of graduate community mental health counseling programs requiring course work in abnormal behavior, psychopathology, and psychodiagnosis and that, as a result of this increase, utilization of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) also has…

  17. Volume Regulated Channels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, Thomas Kjær

    of volume perturbations evolution have developed system of channels and transporters to tightly control volume homeostasis. In the past decades evidence has been mounting, that the importance of these volume regulated channels and transporters are not restricted to the defense of cellular volume...... but are also essential for a number of physiological processes such as proliferation, controlled cell death, migration and endocrinology. The thesis have been focusing on two Channels, namely the swelling activated Cl- channel (ICl, swell) and the transient receptor potential Vanilloid (TRPV4) channel. I: Cl......- serves a multitude of functions in the mammalian cell, regulating the membrane potential (Em), cell volume, protein activity and the driving force for facilitated transporters giving Cl- and Cl- channels a major potential of regulating cellular function. These functions include control of the cell cycle...

  18. Effect of Supercoiling on the Mechanical and Permeability Properties of Model Collagen IV Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyoneva, Lazarina; Segal, Yoav; Dorfman, Kevin D; Barocas, Victor H

    2015-07-01

    Collagen IV networks in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) are essential for the maintenance and regulation of blood filtration in the kidneys. The GBM contains two different types of collagen IV networks: [α1(IV)]2α2(IV) and α3(IV)α4(IV)α5(IV), the latter of which has a higher number of supercoils (two or more collagens coiling around each other). To investigate the effects of supercoiling on the mechanical and permeability properties of collagen IV networks, we generated model collagen IV networks in the GBM and reconnected them to create different levels of supercoiling. We found that supercoiling greatly increases the stiffness of collagen IV networks but only minimally decreases the permeability. Also, doubling the amount of supercoils in a network had a bigger effect than doubling the stiffness of the supercoils. Our results suggest that the formation of supercoils is a specialized mechanism by the GBM that provides with a network stiff and strong enough to withstand the high hydrostatic pressures of filtration, yet porous enough that filtration is not hindered. Clinically, understanding the effects of supercoiling gives us insight into the mechanisms of GBM failure in some disease states where the normal collagen IV structure is disrupted.

  19. Alle har en historie, IV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ydegaard, Torbjørn

    Alle har en historie IV: Pædagogik med Freedom Writers lader et væld af pædagogiske facetter udspringe af den kendte skole-film Freedom Writers’ scener og handlinger. Der er både fokus på en almen tilgang til pædagogik og på Freedom Writer-metodikken, dels gennem de filmscener, der sættes til...

  20. Ferroelectrics Volume 122 Numbers 1-4 1991. Proceedings of the International Conference on Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals (3rd) Held in Boulder, Colorado on 23-28 June, 1991, Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    another could not be made ready in time for inclusion in these volumes. Such papers will be published in future issues of Ferroelectrics either as...Fot6nica - ETSI Telecomunicaci6n Ciudad Universitaria , 28040 Madrid Spain ABSTRACT An accurate description of spectral and angular optical

  1. Diagnostic and predictive value of voiding diary data versus prostate volume, maximal free urinary flow rate, and Abrams-Griffiths number in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Venrooij, Ger E. P. M.; van Melick, Harm H. E.; Eckhardt, Mardy D.; Boon, Tom A.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVES To investigate the information of voiding data in relation to symptoms and well-being in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and to compare this information with that of prostate volume (Vprostate), maximal free urinary flow rate (

  2. Volume regulation in epithelia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Erik Hviid; Hoffmann, Else Kay

    2016-01-01

    function of iso-osmotic fluid transport that depends on Na+ recirculation. The causative relationship is discussed for a fluid-absorbing and a fluid-secreting epithelium of which the Na+ recirculation mechanisms have been identified. A large number of transporters and ion channels involved in cell volume...... regulation are cloned. The volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC) exhibiting specific electrophysiological characteristics seems exclusive to serve cell volume regulation. This is contrary to K+ channels as well as cotransporters and exchange mechanisms that may serve both transepithelial transport and cell...

  3. Analysis of Phoenix Anomalies and IV and V Findings Applied to the GRAIL Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Steve

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of patterns in IV&V findings and their correlation with post-launch anomalies allowed GRAIL to make more efficient use of IV&V services . Fewer issues. . Higher fix rate. . Better communication. . Increased volume of potential issues vetted, at lower cost. . Hard to make predictions of post-launch performance based on IV&V findings . Phoenix made sound fix/use as-is decisions . Things that were fixed eliminated some problems, but hard to quantify. . Broad predictive success in one area, but inverse relationship in others.

  4. The number system

    CERN Document Server

    Thurston, H A

    2007-01-01

    The teaching of mathematics has undergone extensive changes in approach, with a shift in emphasis from rote memorization to acquiring an understanding of the logical foundations and methodology of problem solving. This book offers guidance in that direction, exploring arithmetic's underlying concepts and their logical development.This volume's great merit lies in its wealth of explanatory material, designed to promote an informal and intuitive understanding of the rigorous logical approach to the number system. The first part explains and comments on axioms and definitions, making their subseq

  5. BCS class IV drugs: Highly notorious candidates for formulation development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghadi, Rohan; Dand, Neha

    2017-02-28

    BCS class IV drugs (e.g., amphotericin B, furosemide, acetazolamide, ritonavir, paclitaxel) exhibit many characteristics that are problematic for effective oral and per oral delivery. Some of the problems associated include low aqueous solubility, poor permeability, erratic and poor absorption, inter and intra subject variability and significant positive food effect which leads to low and variable bioavailability. Also, most of the class IV drugs are substrate for P-glycoprotein (low permeability) and substrate for CYP3A4 (extensive pre systemic metabolism) which further potentiates the problem of poor therapeutic potential of these drugs. A decade back, extreme examples of class IV compounds were an exception rather than the rule, yet today many drug candidates under development pipeline fall into this category. Formulation and development of an efficacious delivery system for BCS class IV drugs are herculean tasks for any formulator. The inherent hurdles posed by these drugs hamper their translation to actual market. The importance of the formulation composition and design to successful drug development is especially illustrated by the BCS class IV case. To be clinically effective these drugs require the development of a proper delivery system for both oral and per oral delivery. Ideal oral dosage forms should produce both a reasonably high bioavailability and low inter and intra subject variability in absorption. Also, ideal systems for BCS class IV should produce a therapeutic concentration of the drug at reasonable dose volumes for intravenous administration. This article highlights the various techniques and upcoming strategies which can be employed for the development of highly notorious BCS class IV drugs. Some of the techniques employed are lipid based delivery systems, polymer based nanocarriers, crystal engineering (nanocrystals and co-crystals), liquisolid technology, self-emulsifying solid dispersions and miscellaneous techniques addressing the P

  6. Report on the O IV and S IV lines observed by IRIS

    CERN Document Server

    Young, Peter R

    2015-01-01

    The O IV intercombination lines observed by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) between 1397 and 1407 A provide useful density diagnostics. This document presents data that address two issues related to these lines: (1) the contribution of S IV to the O IV 1404.8 line; and (2) the range of sensitivity of the O IV 1399.8/1401.2 ratio.

  7. Test Review: Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yiting; Lai, Mark H. C.; Xu, Yining; Zhou, Yuanyuan

    2012-01-01

    The authors review the "Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV". The "Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition" (WAIS-IV; Wechsler, 2008) and the "Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition" (WMS-IV; Wechsler, 2009) was published by Pearson in 2009. It is a clinical tool for extending the…

  8. Test Review: Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yiting; Lai, Mark H. C.; Xu, Yining; Zhou, Yuanyuan

    2012-01-01

    The authors review the "Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV". The "Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition" (WAIS-IV; Wechsler, 2008) and the "Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition" (WMS-IV; Wechsler, 2009) was published by Pearson in 2009. It is a…

  9. Test Review: Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yiting; Lai, Mark H. C.; Xu, Yining; Zhou, Yuanyuan

    2012-01-01

    The authors review the "Advanced Clinical Solutions for WAIS-IV and WMS-IV". The "Advanced Clinical Solutions (ACS) for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition" (WAIS-IV; Wechsler, 2008) and the "Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition" (WMS-IV; Wechsler, 2009) was published by Pearson in 2009. It is a…

  10. Astragaloside IV enhances diabetic wound healing involving upregulation of alternatively activated macrophages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Xiaochun; Huang, Ping; Yuan, Baohong; Liu, Tao; Lan, Fang; Lu, Xiaoyan; Dai, Liangcheng; Liu, Yunjun; Yin, Hui

    2016-06-01

    Astragaloside IV (AS-IV), one of the major active compounds extracted from Astragali Radix, has been used experimentally for its potent antiinflammatory and immunoregulatory activities. In this study, we further investigate the potential efficacy of AS-IV on impaired wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. A full-thickness skin wound was produced on the back of diabetic mice and treated with AS-IV or vehicle topically. Our results showed that AS-IV application promoted diabetic wound repair with wounds gaping narrower and exhibiting augmented reepithelialization. AS-IV enhanced the collagen deposition and the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM)-related genes such as fibronectin and collagen IIIa, which implies a direct effect of AS-IV on matrix synthesis. AS-IV also improved the new blood vessel formation in wound tissue with increased numbers of endothelial cells and enhanced expression of VEGF and vWF. Moreover, the beneficial effect of AS-IV was related to the development of polarized alternatively activated macrophages, which involved in resolution of inflammation and facilitation of wound repair. All together, these findings suggest that AS-IV may play a potential effect on maintenance of cutaneous homeostasis and acceleration of diabetic wound healing.

  11. Supporting Technology for Enhanced Oil Recovery-EOR Thermal Processes Report IV-12

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izequeido, Alexandor

    2001-04-01

    This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Ninth Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 62 through 67. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eight, and ninth reports on Annex IV, [Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, and IV-8 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-89/1/SP, DOE/BC-90/1/SP) DOE/BC-92/1/SP, DOE/BC-93/3/SP, and DOE/BC-95/3/SP] contain the results from the first 61 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1! 987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, and March 1995 respectively.

  12. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-11: Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery - EOR thermal processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venezuela

    2000-04-06

    This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Tenth Amendment anti Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. This report is presented in sections (for each of the six Tasks) and each section contains one or more reports that were prepared to describe the results of the effort under each of the Tasks. A statement of each Task, taken from the Agreement Between Project Managers, is presented on the first page of each section. The Tasks are numbered 68 through 73. The first through tenth report on research performed under Annex IV Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report Number IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, IV-8, IV-9, IV-10 contain the results of the first 67 Tasks. These reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, March 1995, and December 1997, respectively.

  13. Determinants of Infant Behaviour IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foss, B. M., Ed.

    This volume consists of reports of individual studies and surveys of research work on mother-infant interactions. It is divided into two parts. The first section presents a wide range of studies on mother-infant relations as exhibited in the behavior of animals. The second part, concerning human behavior, includes studies on the natural history of…

  14. Comparing Volumes of Prisms and Pyramids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinogradova, Natalya

    2012-01-01

    Students' experience in using formulas for volumes is often limited to substituting numbers into given formulas. An activity presented in this article may help students make connections between the formulas for volumes of prisms and volumes of pyramids. In addition, some interesting facts from number theory arise, demonstrating strong connections…

  15. Interaction of vanadium(IV) with human serum apo-transferrin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehtab, Sameena; Gonçalves, Gisela; Roy, Somnath; Tomaz, Ana Isabel; Santos-Silva, Teresa; Santos, Marino F A; Romão, Maria J; Jakusch, Tamás; Kiss, Tamás; Pessoa, João Costa

    2013-04-01

    The interaction of V(IV)O-salts as well as of a few V(IV)O(carrier)n complexes with human serum transferrin (hTF) is studied focusing on the determination of the nature and stoichiometry of the binding of V(IV)O(2+) to hTF, as well as whether the conformation of hTF upon binding to V(IV)O(2+) or to its complexes is changed. Circular dichroism (CD) spectra measured for solutions containing V(IV)O(2+) and apo-hTF, and V(IV)O-maltol and apo-hTF, clearly indicate that hTF-V(IV)O-maltol ternary species form with a V(IV)O:maltol stoichiometry of 1:1. For V(IV)O salts and several V(IV)O(carrier)n complexes (carrier ligand=maltolato, dhp, picolinato and dipicolinato) (Hdhp=1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyridinone) the maximum number of V(IV)O(2+) bound per mole of hTF is determined to be ~2 or lower in all cases. The binding of V(IV)O to apo-hTF most certainly involves several amino acid residues of the Fe-binding site, and as concluded by urea gel electrophoresis experiments, the formation of (V(IV)O)2hTF species may occur with the closing of the hTF conformation as is the case in (Fe(III))2hTF, which is an essential feature for the transferrin receptor recognition. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. IVS contribution to ITRF2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, Sabine; Thaller, Daniela; Roggenbuck, Ole; Lösler, Michael; Messerschmitt, Linda

    2016-07-01

    Every few years the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS) Center of the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) decides to generate a new version of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF). For the upcoming ITRF2014 the official contribution of the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS) comprises 5796 combined sessions in SINEX file format from 1979.6 to 2015.0 containing 158 stations, overall. Nine AC contributions were included in the combination process, using five different software packages. Station coordinate time series of the combined solution show an overall repeatability of 3.3 mm for the north, 4.3 mm for the east and 7.5 mm for the height component over all stations. The minimum repeatabilities are 1.5 mm for north, 2.1 mm for east and 2.9 mm for height. One of the important differences between the IVS contribution to the ITRF2014 and the routine IVS combination is the omission of the correction for non-tidal atmospheric pressure loading (NTAL). Comparisons between the amplitudes of the annual signals derived by the VLBI observations and the annual signals from an NTAL model show that for some stations, NTAL has a high impact on station height variation. For other stations, the effect of NTAL is low. Occasionally other loading effects have a higher influence (e.g. continental water storage loading). External comparisons of the scale parameter between the VTRF2014 (a TRF based on combined VLBI solutions), DTRF2008 (DGFI-TUM realization of ITRS) and ITRF2008 revealed a significant difference in the scale. A scale difference of 0.11 ppb (i.e. 0.7 mm on the Earth's surface) has been detected between the VTRF2014 and the DTRF2008, and a scale difference of 0.44 ppb (i.e. 2.8 mm on the Earth's surface) between the VTRF2014 and ITRF2008. Internal comparisons between the EOP of the combined solution and the individual solutions from the AC contributions show a WRMS in X- and Y-Pole between

  17. The MAX IV storage ring project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Pedro F; Leemann, Simon C; Sjöström, Magnus; Andersson, Ake

    2014-09-01

    The MAX IV facility, currently under construction in Lund, Sweden, features two electron storage rings operated at 3 GeV and 1.5 GeV and optimized for the hard X-ray and soft X-ray/VUV spectral ranges, respectively. A 3 GeV linear accelerator serves as a full-energy injector into both rings as well as a driver for a short-pulse facility, in which undulators produce X-ray pulses as short as 100 fs. The 3 GeV ring employs a multibend achromat (MBA) lattice to achieve, in a relatively short circumference of 528 m, a bare lattice emittance of 0.33 nm rad, which reduces to 0.2 nm rad as insertion devices are added. The engineering implementation of the MBA lattice raises several technological problems. The large number of strong magnets per achromat calls for a compact design featuring small-gap combined-function magnets grouped into cells and sharing a common iron yoke. The small apertures lead to a low-conductance vacuum chamber design that relies on the chamber itself as a distributed copper absorber for the heat deposited by synchrotron radiation, while non-evaporable getter (NEG) coating provides for reduced photodesorption yields and distributed pumping. Finally, a low main frequency (100 MHz) is chosen for the RF system yielding long bunches, which are further elongated by passively operated third-harmonic Landau cavities, thus alleviating collective effects, both coherent (e.g. resistive wall instabilities) and incoherent (intrabeam scattering). In this paper, we focus on the MAX IV 3 GeV ring and present the lattice design as well as the engineering solutions to the challenges inherent to such a design. As the first realisation of a light source based on the MBA concept, the MAX IV 3 GeV ring offers an opportunity for validation of concepts that are likely to be essential ingredients of future diffraction-limited light sources.

  18. Toward Phase IV, Populating the WOVOdat Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratdomopurbo, A.; Newhall, C. G.; Schwandner, F. M.; Selva, J.; Ueda, H.

    2009-12-01

    One of challenges for volcanologists is the fact that more and more people are likely to live on volcanic slopes. Information about volcanic activity during unrest should be accurate and rapidly distributed. As unrest may lead to eruption, evacuation may be necessary to minimize damage and casualties. The decision to evacuate people is usually based on the interpretation of monitoring data. Over the past several decades, monitoring volcanoes has used more and more sophisticated instruments. A huge volume of data is collected in order to understand the state of activity and behaviour of a volcano. WOVOdat, The World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) Database of Volcanic Unrest, will provide context within which scientists can interpret the state of their own volcano, during and between crises. After a decision during the 2000 IAVCEI General Assembly to create WOVOdat, development has passed through several phases, from Concept Development (Phase-I in 2000-2002), Database Design (Phase-II, 2003-2006) and Pilot Testing (Phase-III in 2007-2008). For WOVOdat to be operational, there are still two (2) steps to complete, which are: Database Population (Phase-IV) and Enhancement and Maintenance (Phase-V). Since January 2009, the WOVOdat project is hosted by Earth Observatory of Singapore for at least a 5-year period. According to the original planning in 2002, this 5-year period will be used for completing the Phase-IV. As the WOVOdat design is not yet tested for all types of data, 2009 is still reserved for building the back-end relational database management system (RDBMS) of WOVOdat and testing it with more complex data. Fine-tuning of the WOVOdat’s RDBMS design is being done with each new upload of observatory data. The next and main phase of WOVOdat development will be data population, managing data transfer from multiple observatory formats to WOVOdat format. Data population will depend on two important things, the availability of SQL database in volcano

  19. Prospective study evaluating the use of IV contrast on IMRT treatment planning for lung cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Hua, E-mail: huli@radonc.wustl.edu; Bottani, Beth; DeWees, Todd; Michalski, Jeff M.; Mutic, Sasa; Bradley, Jeffrey D.; Robinson, Clifford G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States); Low, Daniel A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

    2014-03-15

    Purpose: To investigate the impact of exclusively using intravenous (IV) contrast x-ray computed tomography (CT) scans on lung cancer intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning. Methods: Eight patients with lung cancer (one small cell, seven nonsmall cell) scheduled to receive IMRT consented to acquisition of simulation CT scans with and without IV contrast. Clinical treatment plans optimized on the noncontrast scans were recomputed on contrast scans and dose coverage was compared, along with the γ passing rates. Results: IV contrast enhanced scans provided better target and critical structure conspicuity than the noncontrast scans. Using noncontrast scan as a reference, the median absolute/relative differences in mean, maximum, and minimum doses to the planning target volume (PTV) were −4.5 cGy/−0.09%, 41.1 cGy/0.62%, and −19.7 cGy/−0.50%, respectively. Regarding organs-at-risk (OARs), the median absolute/relative differences of maximum dose to heart was −13.3 cGy/−0.32%, to esophagus was −63.4 cGy/−0.89%, and to spinal cord was −16.3 cGy/−0.46%. The median heart region of interest CT Hounsfield Unit (HU) number difference between noncontrast and contrast scans was 136.4 HU (range, 94.2–161.8 HU). Subjectively, the regions with absolute dose differences greater than 3% of the prescription dose were small and typically located at the patient periphery and/or at the beam edges. The median γ passing rate was 0.9981 (range, 0.9654–0.9999) using 3% absolute dose difference/3 mm distance-to-agreement criteria. Overall, all evaluated cases were found to be clinically equivalent. Conclusions: PTV and OARs dose differences between noncontrast and contrast scans appear to be minimal for lung cancer patients undergoing IMRT. Using IV contrast scans as the primary simulation dataset could increase treatment planning efficiency and accuracy by avoiding unnecessary scans, manually region overriding, and planning errors caused by

  20. The dependence of C IV broad absorption line properties on accompanying Si IV and Al III absorption: relating quasar-wind ionization levels, kinematics, and column densities

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    Filiz Ak, N.; Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, D. P.; Trump, J. R. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Hall, P. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3 (Canada); Anderson, S. F. [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Hamann, F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Myers, Adam D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 (United States); Pâris, I. [Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Petitjean, P. [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, Universite Paris 6, F-75014 Paris (France); Ross, Nicholas P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Shen, Yue [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); York, Don, E-mail: nfilizak@astro.psu.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

    2014-08-20

    We consider how the profile and multi-year variability properties of a large sample of C IV Broad Absorption Line (BAL) troughs change when BALs from Si IV and/or Al III are present at corresponding velocities, indicating that the line of sight intercepts at least some lower ionization gas. We derive a number of observational results for C IV BALs separated according to the presence or absence of accompanying lower ionization transitions, including measurements of composite profile shapes, equivalent width (EW), characteristic velocities, composite variation profiles, and EW variability. We also measure the correlations between EW and fractional-EW variability for C IV, Si IV, and Al III. Our measurements reveal the basic correlated changes between ionization level, kinematics, and column density expected in accretion-disk wind models; e.g., lines of sight including lower ionization material generally show deeper and broader C IV troughs that have smaller minimum velocities and that are less variable. Many C IV BALs with no accompanying Si IV or Al III BALs may have only mild or no saturation.