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Sample records for volli kalm avo

  1. Kes peaks tagama seaduste täitmise? / Inge Timoštšuk, Volli Kalm, Maiki Udam ; üles kirjutanud Ülo Tikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Timoštšuk, Inge, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Vene koolidel käib Põhikooli- ja Gümnaasiumiseaduse § 52 teise lõike "Riigi- ja munitsipaalgümnaasiumides alustatakse üleminekut eesti õppekeelele hiljemalt 2007/08. õppeaastal" täitmine üle jõu, kuna ei jätku pädevaid õpetajaid. Teemat kommenteerivad Tartu Ülikooli prorektor Volli Kalm, Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli õpetajakoolituse osakonna juhataja Inge Timoštšuk ja Haridusministeeriumi kõrghariduse talituse juhataja Maiki Udam

  2. Siinmaa maja õppetunde / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnus Rüütli 1a asuva linnaarhitekt Olev Siinmaa villa (1931-1933), mille 1997. a. ostis ärimees Toomas Truuvert, restaureerimisest. Muinsuskaitse eritingimused, muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Mart Kalm. Uuringud: Marika Kätsi. Tehniline projekt: Indrek Reino. Sisearhitektuurne projekt: Taso Mähar. Säilinud sisseehitatud mööbli restaureeris Ado Talimaa firma. 5 vaadet

  3. AVO forward modeling for VTI coal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, T.; Cui, R.; Liu, E. [China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou (China). School of Resource and Earth Science

    2009-04-15

    The article discusses the possibility of prospecting primary coal, tectonic coal, soft coal and vertical transverse-isotropic (VTI) coal by P- wave amplitude variation with offset (AVO) forward modeling. For thick coal bed, the P-wave AVO curves of primary coal, tectonic coal and soft coal were achieved by the Zoeppritz equation. For a thick VTI coal bed, its stiffness matrix was first calculated by effective media's theory; then the P-wave AVO curve of this coal was calculated by the propagation matrix method which is based on anisotropy theory. In this way the synthetic seismogram was attained by combining the seismic wavelet with AVO curves. At the same time, thin coal seams of AVO curves and a synthetic seismogram were simulated. It is shown that the coal roof's P-wave AVO of thick coal has the AVO character of class IV and the AVO gradient and intercept of the coal beds diverge from each other. For thin coal seams, the reflection waves are composite waves. In this case, the primary coal and tectonic coal's reflection amplitude is small and its AVO with obvious class IV, the VTI coal and soft coal's reflection amplitude is larger, and its AVO curves fluctuate acutely. In summary, the AVO technique could be used to identify primary coal, tectonic coal, soft coal and VTI coal. 12 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. Ka Eesti vajab oma pildiraamatuid / Anu Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Anu, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Bologna lasteraamatumessist. IBBY (The International Board on Books for Young People) Eesti esindajatena olid messil Piret Raud ja Anu Kalm. Piret Raua tööd olid valitud rahvusvahelisele illustraatorite näitusele, mille aukülaline oli saksa illustraator Wolf Erlbruch. Eestit esindasid kolm raamatut IBBY rahvusvahelisel stendil. Kümme parimat raamatut ja viimase 40 aasta parimad raamatud olid eksponeeritud Bologna Ragazzi Award'i ülikooli raamatukogus

  5. AVO helps seismic imaging in deepwater environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skidmore, C.; Lindsay, R.O. [Diamond Geoscience Research Corp., Tulsa, OK (United States); Ratcliff, D. [Diamond Geoscience Research Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-11-03

    Amplitude and frequency variations related to offset should be analyzed routinely during interpretation of seismic data acquired in deepwater environments. Amplitude variation with offset (AVO) in three dimensions is the key exploration tool in deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. But application of the tool requires special care. Three-dimensional AVO helps the interpreter understand stratigraphy and the meaning of amplitude anomalies. Used in conjunction with well log data, it can help the interpreter distinguish amplitudes related to the presence of hydrocarbons from those that result from, for example, rock-property changes within a non-hydrocarbon-bearing layer, such as a shale, or residual gas (fizz water) in high-porosity sands. The paper discusses examples from the Gulf of Mexico, will control application, improving detail, and frequency-dependent analysis.

  6. Key preprocessing technology and its application for CBM AVO analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhiwei; Si, Guoshuai; Chen, Xinping; Wang, Qing; Deng, Shiguang

    2017-10-01

    The hazards of amplitude versus offset (AVO) technique mostly applied in seismic explorations for predicting coalbed methane (CBM) content mainly derive from multi-stage amplitude modifications during seismic signal preprocessing. The modifications are undoubtedly necessitated by improving high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and high resolution, and achieve high fidelity to some extent; and nevertheless lead to an unfavorable possibility to implement CBM AVO analysis. Similar to sandstone reservoir with gas, AVO analysis preprocessing for CBM reservoir strictly abides by a relative amplitude preserved (RAP) principle and particularly emphasizes on preserving the evanescent class IV AVO anomaly. As for those indispensable dealings with linear noise attenuations, near-surface variety compensations and time/depth spatial imaging, the key technologies adapted to CBM AVO preprocessing should use radial trace (RT) filter, refined surface-consistent amplitude compensation (SCAC), and RAP Kirchhoff prestack time migration (PSTM). The theoretical analysis and one real 3D example in this paper demonstrate that three key technologies compliant to RAP principle in CBM AVO preprocessing can preserve the class IV AVO anomaly and benefit an operation of CBM AVO analysis and an improvement of CBM evaluation.

  7. Azimuthal AVO signatures of fractured poroelastic sandstone layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Zhiqi; Li, Xiang-Yang

    2017-10-01

    Azimuthal P-wave amplitude variation with offset (AVO) offers a method for the characterisation of a naturally fractured system in a reservoir. This information is important for the analysis of fluid flow during production of, for example, oil, petroleum and natural gas. This paper provides a modelling scheme by incorporating the squirt-flow model for the prediction of velocity dispersion and attenuation with azimuthal reflectivity method for the calculation of frequency-dependent seismic responses. Azimuthal AVO responses from a fractured poroelastic sandstone layer encased within shale are investigated based on the proposed method. Azimuthal reflections are a combination of the dynamic information including the contrast in anisotropic properties, anisotropic propagation and attenuation within the layer, as well as tuning and interferences. Modelling results indicate that seismic responses from the top of the sandstone layer are dominated by reflection coefficients, and show azimuthal variations at far offset which is consistent with conventional azimuthal AVO theory. Reflections from the base, however, demonstrate complex azimuthal variations due to anisotropic propagation and attenuation of transmission waves within the layer. Tuning and interferences further complicate the azimuthal AVO responses for thinner layer thickness. The AVO responses of top reflections show no azimuthal variations for lower fluid mobility, while those of base reflections show visible and stable azimuthal variations even at near and moderate offsets for different fluid mobility. Results also reveal that it would be practical to investigate wavetrains reflected from the fractured layers that are regarded as integrated units, especially for thinner layers where reflections from the top and base are indistinguishable. In addition, near-offset stacked amplitudes of the reflected wavetrains show detectable azimuthal variations, which may offer an initial look at fracture orientations before

  8. AVO model - a case study of a well of Namorado field; Modelagem AVO: estudo de caso em um poco no Campo de Namorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Evangela Patricia Alves da; Vidal, Alexandre Campane [UNICAMP, Instituto de Geociencias, Departamento de Geologia e Recursos Naturais, Campinas, SP (Brazil)], E-mails: evangela.alves@ige.unicamp.br, vidal@ige.unicamp.br; Portugal, Rodrigo de Souza [Schlumberger Stavanger Research, Stavanger (Norway)], E-mail: rportugal@slb.com

    2010-04-15

    This work presents fluid substitution simulation and AVO modeling studies in order to characterize sandstone intervals of a well of Namorado field. The fluid substitution simulation study was done by saturating the sandstone with oil in situ then with brine water. The AVO modeling simulated attributes that were interpreted with the help of amplitude and cross plotting analyses, showing AVO anomalies of Class IV. (author)

  9. Kool ja kultuur / Eduard Ubaleht, Kersti Liivak, Õile Kalme, Helen Lauk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Albu mõisahoones asuvast Albu Põhikoolist räägivad kooli direktor Eduard Ubaleht, kunstiõpetaja Kersti Liivak, kooli endine direktor, algklassiõpetaja Õile Kalme ja kooli vilistlane Helen Lauk / vahendas Aime Jaagus

  10. Mart Kalmu elutöö valmis / Mart Kalm ; interv. Ene Läkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2002-01-01

    Arhitektuuriajaloolane Mart Kalm räägib oma tööst ja äsjailmunud raamatust "Eesti 20. sajandi arhitektuur". Karin Hallase ja Triin Ojari repliigid Mart Kalmust, Mart Kalmu biograafilised lühiandmed

  11. Science from the Avo 1ST Light: the High Redshift Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Nicholas A.

    The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory science working group defined a number of key science drivers for which the AVO should develop capabilities. At the AVO's Jan 2003 'First Light' event the AVO prototype data access and manipulation tool was demonstrated. In particular its use in enabling discovery in deep multi wavelength data sets was highlighted. In this presentation I will describe how the AVO demonstrator has enabled investigation into the high redshift universe and in particular its use in discovering rare populations of high redshift galaxies from deep Hubble and ground based imaging data obtained through the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) programme.

  12. AVO Analysis of a Shallow Gas Accumulation in the Marmara Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Er, M.; Dondurur, D.; Çifçi, G.

    2012-04-01

    In recent years, Amplitude versus Offset-AVO analysis is widely used in determination and classification of gas anomalies from wide-offset seismic data. Bright spots which are among the significant factors in determining the hydrocarbon accumulations, can also be determined sucessfully using AVO analysis. A bright spot anomaly were identified on the multi-channel seismic data collected by R/V K. Piri Reis research vessel in the Marmara Sea in 2008. On prestack seismic data, the associated AVO anomalies are clearly identified on the supergathers. Near- and far-offset stack sections are plotted to show the amplitudes changes at different offsets and the bright amplitudes were observed on the far-offset stack. AVO analysis was applied to the observed bright spot anomaly following the standart data processing steps. The analysis includes the preparation of Intercept, Gradient and Fluid Factor sections of AVO attribues. Top and base boundaries of gas bearing sediment were shown by intercept - gradient crossplot method. 1D modelling was also performed to show AVO classes and models were compared with the analysis results. It is interpreted that the bright spot anomaly arises from a shallow gas accumulation. In addition, the gas saturation from P-wave velocity was also estimated by the analysis. AVO analysis indicated Class 3 and Class 4 AVO anomalies observed on the bright spot anomaly.

  13. Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO data to assess fluid and shale ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 126; Issue 3. Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO ... A Bayesian inversion scheme for estimating reservoir parameters from amplitude vs. offset (AVO) data was used to obtain the information about uncertainties as well as their most likely values. The results from our ...

  14. Nõukogude modernism : perifeeria rääkimata lood / Mart Kalm ; intervjueerinud Sille Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Näitus "Nõukogude modernism 1955-1991. Rääkimata lood" Viini Arhitektuurikeskuses. Kuraatorid: Katharina Ritter, Ekaterina Shapiro-Obermair, Alexandra Wachter. Näitusega kaasneb publikatsioon. Näituselt puudub Venemaa. Arhitektuuriajaloolane Mart Kalm eesti arhitektuurist ja oma ettekandest konverentsil

  15. Olev Siinmaa elamu (Rüütli 1a, Pärnu) restaureerimine. / Olev Siinmaa, Mart Kalm, Aado Talimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siinmaa, Olev, 1881-1948

    2007-01-01

    Välisvaade (foto: Vallo Kruuser), sisevaade enne (Eesti Arhitektuurimuusem) ja pärast restaureerimist (foto: Mart Kalm). Omanik Toomas Truuvert. EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2006. a. parima restaureeritud objekti preemia

  16. Indoneesia mullujõuluse tsunami haavad kirendavad veel pikki aastaid / Avo Kiik ; interv. Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiik, Avo

    2005-01-01

    Pärnumaa päästeteenistuse tehnikatalituse juhataja Avo Kiik oma missioonist Indoneesias EST-Log 1 toetusgrupi koosseisus. Vt. samas lühiint. Mati Raidmaga. Päästeameti juht hindab missioonikogemusi

  17. Body-wave radiation patterns and AVO in transversely isotropic media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsvankin, I.

    1994-03-01

    It is well known that the angular dependence of reflection coefficients may be significantly distorted in the presence of elastic anisotropy. However, the influence of anisotropy on amplitude-versus-offset analysis (AVO) is not limited to reflection coefficients. AVO signatures (e.g., AVO gradient) in anisotropic media are also distorted by the redistribution of energy along the wavefront of the wave travelling down to the reflector and back up to the surface. Significant anisotropy above the target horizon may be rather typical of sand-shale sequences commonly encountered in AVO analysis. Here, I examine the influence of P- and S-wave radiation patterns on AVO in the most common anisotropic model - transversely isotropic media. A concise analytic solution, obtained in the weak-anisotropy approximation, provides a convenient way to estimate the impact of the distortions of the radiation patterns on AVO results. It is shown that the shape of the P-wave radiation pattern in the range of angles most important to AVO analysis (0 - 40{degrees}) is mostly dependent on the difference between Thomsen parameters {epsilon} and {beta}. For media with {epsilon} - {beta} > 0 (the most common case), the P-wave amplitude may drop substantially over the first 25{degrees} - 40{degrees} from vertical. There is no simple correlation between the strength of velocity anisotropy and angular amplitude variations: for instance, for models with a fixed positive {epsilon} - {beta} the amplitude distortions are less pronounced for larger anisotropies {epsilon} and {beta}. The distortions of the SV-wave radiation pattern are usually much more significant than those for the P-wave. The anisotropic directivity factor for the incident wave may be of equal or greater importance for AVO than the influence of anisotropy on the reflection coefficient.

  18. Kodus käinud Avo Leok tahab naasta tugevamana / Ulis Guth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guth, Ulis, 1964-

    2005-01-01

    Mai alguses motokrossi MMi etapi vabatreeningul kukkudes selgroogu vigastanud ja alakehast liikumatuks jäänud Avo Leok saabus nädalavahetusel esimest korda peale õnnetust koju, et siis mõne päeva pärast jätkata Haapsalus taastusravi

  19. An analysis of AVO inversion for postcritical offsets in HTI media

    KAUST Repository

    Skopintseva, Lyubov

    2013-04-12

    Azimuthal variations of wavefield characteristics, such as traveltime or reflection amplitude, play an important role in the identification of fractured media. A transversely isotropic medium with a horizontal symmetry axis (HTI medium) is the simplest azimuthally anisotropic model typically used to describe one set of vertical fractures. There exist many techniques in industry to recover anisotropic parameters based on moveout equations and linearized reflection coefficients using such a model. However, most of the methods have limitations in defining properties of the fractures due to linearizations and physical approximations used in their development. Thus, azimuthal analysis of traveltimes based on normal moveout ellipses recovers a maximum of three medium parameters instead of the required five. Linearizations made in plane-wave reflection coefficients (PWRCs) limit the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) analysis to small incident angles and weak-contrast interfaces. Inversion based on azimuthal AVO for small offsets encounters nonuniqueness in the resolving power of the anisotropy parameters. Extending the AVO analysis and inversion to and beyond the critical reflection angle increases the amount of information recovered from the medium. However, well-accepted PWRCs are not valid in the vicinity of the critical angle and beyond it, due to frequency and spherical wave effects. Recently derived spherical and effective reflection coefficient (ERC) methods overcome this problem. We extended the ERCs approach to HTI media to analyze the potential of near- and postcritical reflections in azimuthal AVO analysis. From the sensitivity analysis, we found that ERCs are sensitive to different sets of parameters prior to and beyond the critical angle, which is useful in enhancing our resolution of the anisotropy parameters. Additionally, the resolution of the parameters depends on a sufficient azimuthal coverage in the acquisition setup. The most stable AVO results for the

  20. Estimation and accounting for the modeling error in probabilistic linearized AVO inversion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Rasmus Bødker; Hansen, Thomas Mejer

    2018-01-01

    A linearized form of Zoeppritz equations combined with the convolution model is widely used in inversion of amplitude variation with offset (AVO) seismic data. This is shown to introduce a “modeling error,” compared with using the full Zoeppritz equations, whose magnitude depends on the degree...... of subsurface heterogeneity. Then, we evaluate a methodology for quantifying this modeling error through a probability distribution. First, a sample of the unknown probability density describing the modeling error is generated. Then, we determine how this sample can be described by a correlated Gaussian...... probability distribution. Finally, we develop how such modeling errors affect the linearized AVO inversion results. If not accounted for (which is most often the case), the modeling errors can introduce significant artifacts in the inversion results, if the signal-to-noise ratio is less than 2, as is the case...

  1. Atributos AVO/AVA de alta resolución utilizando very fast simulated anneling

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel O Pérez; Danilo R Velis

    2012-01-01

    En este trabajo presentamos un nuevo método de inversión para obtener atributos AVO/AVA de tipo sparse-spike a partir de datos sísmicos prestack. El método propuesto apunta a obtener el menor número de reflectores que, convolucionados con la ondícula, ajustan al dato. Este método es una extensión, aplicada a datos prestack, de un trabajo anterior sobre deconvolución sparse-spike aplicado a datos poststack. Debido a la alta no linealidad del problema inverso, que incluye la determinación en ti...

  2. Comparison of the 2-term and 3-term AVO approximations for seismic data in Penobscot area, Nova Scotia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertturk, Mevlut Han

    The purpose of this study is to compare different AVO approximations and support these results through pre-stack inversion. A 3D seismic survey in Penobscot area was used to conduct the study. The data quality was very poor, so the enhancement process was applied to the data to increase quality. The data were filtered by various the Parabolic Radon Transform time ranges which do not disturb real AVO characteristics while removing noise, particularly the interference from multiples. The 2-term ("Shuey") and the 3-term ("Aki-Richards") approximations were run on the data. Similar AVO characteristics were obtained for both approximations for the same filtering parameters of the Parabolic Radon Transform. In order to check AVO approximations results, pre-stack trace inversion was applied to one of the Parabolic Radon Transform results, solving for two parameters (acoustic impedance and shear impedance) and for three parameters (Vp, Vs, and density). In order to further investigate the nature of pre-stack data, these inversions were applied to the data to maximum angles of incidence of 30° and 45°. The inversion results show no significant differences for P-impedance or, S-impedance, regardless of the angle limitations or number of terms solved for, and no significant variations in density for angle range covered. It was found that there is a strong correlation between P-wave velocity and density. It was also observed that lack of S-wave log caused similar results for inversion.

  3. Geologic data management at AVO: building authoritative coverage with radical availability (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, C.; Snedigar, S. F.; Nye, C. J.

    2009-12-01

    In 2002, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) began creating the Geologic Database of Information on Volcanoes in Alaska (GeoDIVA) to create a system that contains complete, flexible, timely, and accurate geologic and geographic information on Pleistocene and younger volcanoes in Alaska. This system was primarily intended to be a tool for scientific investigation, crisis response, and public information - delivered in a dynamic, digital format to both internal and external users. It is now the back-end of the AVO public website. GeoDIVA does not interface with our daily monitoring activities, however -- seismic and satellite data are handled by different database efforts. GeoDIVA also doesn’t store volcanic unrest data, although we hope WOVOdat will. GeoDIVA does include modules for the following datasets: bibliography (every subsequent piece of data in GeoDIVA is tied to a reference), basic volcano information (~137 edifices), historical eruption history information (~550 events), images (~17,000), sample information (~4400), geochemistry (~1500; population in progress), petrography (very early stages of data creation), sample storage (~14,000), and Quaternary vent information (~1200 vents). Modules in progress include GIS data, tephra data, and geochronologic data. In recent years, we have been doing maintenance work on older modules (for example, adding new references to the bibliography, and creating new queries and data fields in response to user feedback) as well as developing, designing, and populating new modules. Population can be quite time consuming, as there are no pre-compiled comprehensive existing sources for most information on Alaskan volcanoes, and we carefully reference each item. Newer modules also require more complex data arrangements than older modules. To meet the needs of a diverse group of users on widely varying computer platforms, GeoDIVA data is primarily stored in a MySQL DBMS; PostGIS/PostgreSQL are currently used to store and

  4. The Analysis of the Influence of Reservoir Thickness on AVO Intercept-Gradient Crossplot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, X. H.; Liu, Z.; Shaopeng, Z.

    2016-12-01

    AVO Intercept-Gradient Crossplot Analysis technique is an complex art of detecting natural gas and clean oil based on the inversion of hydrocarbons, which can intuitively analysis the change law of the two facultative attribute factors. In this research, based on the Shuey approximate formulas as a simplified of the full form of the Zoeppritz equation, we compared and anlaysised the impact of reservoir thickness on the P-G crossplot. We chose appropriate thickness according to Widess graphic, making the different models have good contrast, and we achieved good results.The double interface model with three-layer medium is used to study the effect of reservoir thickness. Among the model is the sandstone reservoir, and the upper and lowers layer of it are the surrounding rock with the same lithology. Four group models are designed to study. The Poisson's ratio of the middle sandstone reservoir is 0.1 and 0.4, and the reservoir speed is 2800 m/s and 2200 m/s in each case, respectively. The selection of reservoir thickness is related to the reservoir speed, the wavelength can be calculated in the case of the speed is determined. The thicknesses are all taken as λ/16,λ/8,3λ/16, λ/4 and 5λ/16 in accordance with Widess graphic formula.In summary, P and G change and both reach the largest absolute value with the change of the middle reservoir thickness. The thickness mainly affects the length of short axis and the long axis of the "elliptic curve" in the crossplot, but does not affect the degree of the slope of the long axis. The P-G crossplot is approximation of elliptic curve when the reservoir thickness is small and becomes more and more flat with the increase of the thickness, and it is almost a straight line when the reservoir thickness is λ/4, meanwhile the curve extends to the maximum along the long axis direction and the absolute value of P and G reach the maximum. The curve changes shorter in the oblique direction and tends to smooth with the increasing of

  5. Application of an adaptive acquisition regularization parameter based on an improved GCV criterion in pre-stack AVO inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Guangtan; Chen, Xiaohong; Li, Jingye; Luo, Cong; Wang, Benfeng

    2017-02-01

    In exploration geophysics, AVO inversion is undoubtedly the most common inverse problem which is ill-posed and must be regularized. Once regularization is used, the selection of the regularization parameter will become an important problem to solve. In practice, the proper regularization parameter value is usually data dependent and determined empirically. For one work area, inversion engineers often give a fixed parameter. In such a case, the results of AVO inversion will be accompanied by strong artificial subjective factors. Besides, it is difficult to guarantee that the fixed parameter could be applied to each trace of the seismic data. In this paper, we first emphasize the importance of the regularization parameter selection for the inverse problems. Then, based on a traditional GCV function, we propose an adaptive acquisition regularization parameter method which can be used in regularization for arbitrary norm conditions, and derive the theoretical formula of the adaptive computation of the regularization parameter. Applying this method to the AVO inversion of synthetic data and field data, we have found that the improved GCV method has better accuracy and robustness than the traditional method.

  6. Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO data to assess fluid and shale content in sand-shale media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anwer, Hafiz Mubbasher; Ali, Aamir; Alves, Tiago M.

    2017-04-01

    Reservoir characterization of sand-shale sequences has always challenged geoscientists due to the presence of anisotropy in the form of shale lenses or shale layers. Water saturation and volume of shale are among the fundamental reservoir properties of interest for sand-shale intervals, and relate to the amount of fluid content and accumulating potentials of such media. This paper suggests an integrated workflow using synthetic data for the characterization of shaley-sand media based on anisotropic rock physics (T-matrix approximation) and seismic reflectivity modelling. A Bayesian inversion scheme for estimating reservoir parameters from amplitude vs. offset (AVO) data was used to obtain the information about uncertainties as well as their most likely values. The results from our workflow give reliable estimates of water saturation from AVO data at small uncertainties, provided background sand porosity values and isotropic overburden properties are known. For volume of shale, the proposed workflow provides reasonable estimates even when larger uncertainties are present in AVO data.

  7. Atributos AVO/AVA de alta resolución utilizando very fast simulated anneling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel O Pérez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo presentamos un nuevo método de inversión para obtener atributos AVO/AVA de tipo sparse-spike a partir de datos sísmicos prestack. El método propuesto apunta a obtener el menor número de reflectores que, convolucionados con la ondícula, ajustan al dato. Este método es una extensión, aplicada a datos prestack, de un trabajo anterior sobre deconvolución sparse-spike aplicado a datos poststack. Debido a la alta no linealidad del problema inverso, que incluye la determinación en tiempo de un número dado de reflectores, se busca la solución usando el algoritmo de optimización global conocido como Very Fast Simulated Annealing (VFSA. Contrariamente a otros métodos que también buscan soluciones de tipo sparse, y donde el número de incógnitas coincide con el número de muestras del dato sísmico, en la estrategia propuesta el número de incógnitas es mucho menor. Como consecuencia, las matrices a invertir son pequeñas y el proceso de inversión resulta relativamente económico en términos de costo computacional, aún cuando la inversión se realiza utilizando simulated annealing. La técnica permite, además, determinar incógnitas adicionales como por ejemplo una rotación de fase de la ondícula (para su calibración a partir de la estimación inicial o su frecuencia central (para compensar efectos de atenuación. Una ventaja de utilizar VFSA es que la incertidumbre de las soluciones puede ser estimada estocásticamente, aprovechando el gran número de soluciones que se ponen a prueba durante el proceso de inversión. Los atributos AVO/AVA de alta resolución que se obtienen luego de la inversión incluyen el Intercept y el Gradient, o sea los coeficientes de la aproximación de Shuey de dos términos de las ecuaciones de Zoeppritz, las que son utilizadas para modelar la variación con el ángulo de incidencia del coeficiente de reflexión. No obstante, la incorporación de otras aproximaciones es inmediata. Los

  8. Amplitude versus Offset (AVO Technique for Light Hydrocarbon Exploration: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roohollah Parvizi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available AVO as a known methodology is used to identify fluid type and reservoir lithology in subsurface exploration. Method discussed in this paper, consists of three stages, including: Direct modeling, Inverse modeling and Cross plot interpretation. By direct modeling we can clarify lithology or fluid dependent attributes. Analysis performed using both P-P and P-Sv attributes. Inverse modeling deals with real data and is fed by the results of direct modeling to identify the light hydrocarbon (gas zones. The main role of cross plot interpretation is to confirm the inverse modeling results and consequently increasing validity of performed analysis. Using Hodogram – cross plot, makes possible to identify hydrocarbon zone even in small scales. This methodology was applied in Gorgan Plain Southeast Caspian, northern Iran. It was concluded that: fluid factor, SIGN, and Poisson reflectivity are fluid dependent attributes. It was also defined that normal incidence reflectivity and P-wave impedance reflectivity are lithology dependent. Inverted sections of fluid-dependent attributes defined the existence two light hydrocarbon accumula- tion under the Tertiary-Cretaceous unconformity in the North Gorgan Plain. Two wet and gaseous zones are also confirmed by cross plot.

  9. Análisis de la amplitud referenciada con trayectorias de rayo y su aplicación en AVO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bohórquez Q. Jesús G.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available

    The AVO analysis is based in variation of amplitude of waves with offset, due mainly to elastic properties of rocks. The variables characterizing the elastic behavior ofrocks, licke velocity of s-waves and attenuation, can be estimated by AVO analysis. This can be considered cheap in case ofland acquisition and possible in case of maxime acquisition. This paper describes a different methodology to use AVO, analyzing the relative change ofthe amplitude use with frequency between two reflectors, recovering the last energy of wave due transmission are conversion of wares affected by the angle of incidence.

    The method was applica to synthetic data of models with homogeneus and isotropic layers separated by plan-paralled interfaces, models associated to maxime depositation environment with low tectonic activity, with stratigraphic features as seen in wt plans in Colombia.

    EI análisis AVO se basa en la variación de amplitudes de ondas con el offset, determinada entre otras causas por las propiedades elásticas de las rocas.

    Las variables necesarias para caracterizar el comportamiento elástico de las rocas, como la velocidad de ondas-s y atenuación, se llegan a determinar mediante análisis AVO. La valoración de velocidades resulta menos costosa en unos casos, cuando el AVO

  10. Seismic modeling of the AVO/AVA response to CO2 injection at the Ketzin site, Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanova, Alexandra; Bergmann, Peter; Kummerow, Juliane; Yang, Can; Lüth, Stefan; Juhlin, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    Over 64 kilotons of CO2 have been injected (May, 2013) into a heterogeneous sandstone reservoir (saline aquifer) at 630-650 m depth. 4D seismics have been applied to monitor CO2 at the Ketzin site. However, the obtained time-lapse seismic signals have been so far interpreted as being caused by fluid saturation changes only. Modeling of the AVO/AVA response allows us to study two kinds of effects: CO2-saturation- and pore-pressure-related effects. Our results indicate that it is rather infeasi...

  11. Kilde Hiiumaa maleajaloost / Volli Mäeumbaed

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäeumbaed, Volli

    1999-01-01

    Järgneb 19.,26. nov., 3.,10.,17.,24.,31. dets. ; 2000, 7.,14.,21.,28. jaan, 4.,11.,18.,26. veebr., 3.,10.,17.,24.,31. märts, 7.,14.,20.,28. apr., 5.,12.,19.,26. mai, 2.,9.,16.,22. juuni, 28. juuli, 4.,11.,25. aug., 1.,8.,15.,22. sept., 20.,27. okt.,3., 10.,17.,24. nov., 1.,8.,15.,22.,29.dets. ; 2001, 19.,26. jaan., 2.,9.,16.,23. veebr., 2.,9.,16.,23.,30. märts, 6.,12.,20.,27. apr., 4.,11. mai

  12. Volli - Eesti parim õpilasfirma 2006 / Pille Rõivas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõivas, Pille

    2006-01-01

    2006. aasta parima õpilasfirma valimisest, mille võitis Tallinna 21. Kool. Võitjad osalevad ka Šveitsis toimuvatel Euroopa riikide õpilasfirmade võistlusel "Junior Achievement - Young Enterprice Europe". Vt. samas: Esikohale tihe rebimine. Žürii: Oluline on idee edasiarendus.

  13. [Raamat] / Elina Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Elina

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Stroud, Jonathan. Samarkandi amulett / tlk. Bibi Raid. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2005 ; Stroud, Jonathan. Golemi silm / tlk. Bibi Raid. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2007 ; Stroud, Jonathan. Ptolemaiose värav / tlk. Bibi Raid. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2007. (Bartimaeuse triloogia ; 1-3)

  14. Delineation of the lower Permian gas sand via calibrated AVO and pre-stack seismic inversions in Majhol Field, Saudi Arabia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhashel, Abdullah

    The lower Permian formation in the central region of Saudi Arabia is a key hydrocarbon siliciclastic reservoir. However, in Majhol field, the reservoir properties vary laterally due to diagenesis and facies changes. Conventional seismic interpretation has failed to map the heterogeneities of the reservoir properties that control the gas production of this field. Therefore, there was an opportunity to employ more advanced quantitative seismic techniques to delineate the productive gas sand facies in the field. The Majhol field was initially planned to be developed as an unconventional tight reservoir. Well-1 was drilled based on conventional seismic interpretation on the crest of a four-way dip closure structure. Well-1 produced low rate hydrocarbon gas from the Lower Permian formation and it showed a poor reservoir quality due to diagenesis that highly affected the reservoir porosity and permeability. Well-2 was drilled on the flank of the structure to delineate and develop the field as unconventional tight reservoir. However, Well-2 showed an excellent reservoir and it successfully flowed gas and condensate naturally at high rate. Here, a 3D quantitative seismic study was performed through amplitude vs. offset (AVO) analysis and impedance inversion techniques with constraints from the well data to delineate the properties of the reservoir and detect the productive gas sands. Seismic attributes derived from this study consistently delineated the gas sand facies as class 2 AVO anomaly. Although this study shows that the gas charged sand reservoir was thick enough to be resolved with the conventionally acquired seismic data in the vicinity of Well-2, this layer does not seem to extend laterally all the way to Well-1, therefore the differences in gas production between the two wells.

  15. Sobre el Kitāb al-garīb al-muntaqà min kalm ahl al-tuqà de Ibn Jamīs de Évora, atribuido a Ibn Masarra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garrido, Pilar

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Recently, a copy of the until now unavailable book al-garīb al-muntaqà min kalm ahl al-tuqà has been found. In the manuscript, its authorship is attributed to Ibn Masarra. This article shows that its more plausible author is, according to the sources that mention this title, Ibn Khamīs al-Jāburī, an important link in the history of Andalusian Sufism. The structure and content of this ascetic and mystical work which Ibn Khamīs transmitted to the famous qāḍī ‘Iyāḍ are also studied here.

    Recientemente se ha encontrado una copia de la obra al-garīb al-muntaqà min kalm ahl al-tuqà, hasta ahora desaparecida. En el manuscrito la autoría del Muntaqà se atribuye a Ibn Masarra. En este artículo se muestra que su más probable autor, según indican las fuentes, es Ibn Jamīs al-Yāburī, importante eslabón en la historia del sufismo andalusí. Se analizan además la estructura y el contenido de esta obra ascético-mística que Ibn Jamīs transmitió al cadí ‘Iyāḍ de Ceuta.

  16. Kujundades ja tootes / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Uurimata disain. Tsaariaegse tööstuse eripära. Lutheri vabrik. Teised mööblivalmistajad. Ilmus sisearhitekt. Kujundatud ühiskauplus. Uued tootmisharud. Kunsttööstuskooli panus. Nahkehistöö. Langebrauni kirjatud nõud. Lorupi klaas ja kristall. Kopfi ja Tavasti metallitööd. Naiste näputööd

  17. Vabalt kulgenud arhitektuuritriennaal / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1999-01-01

    IV Põhja- ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal "Vaba kulg. Free Way" Rotermanni soolalaos. Hani Rashidi, rühmituse Ocean, Jan Olov Jenseni, Urmas Muru, Gert B. Wingõrdhi, Frei Otto, Ilja Lezhava, Tapio Periäineni ettekannetest.

  18. Generalized component analysis applied to the generation of seismic attributes for AVO and 4D reservoir interpretations; Mise au point d'attributs sismiques pour l'interpretation AVO et 4D des reservoirs petroliers par analyse en composantes generalisee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voutay, O.

    2003-02-01

    Seismic data contain further geological information than well, due to their good spatial extent. But the seismic measure is band pass limited and the contrasts in acoustic or elastic properties derived from seismic are not directly linked to the reservoir properties. Thus, it is difficult to give a geological interpretation to seismic data. Basically, relevant seismic attributes are extracted at the reservoir level, and then are calibrated with information available at wells by using pattern recognition and statistical estimation techniques. These methods are successfully used in the post-stack domain. But, for multi-cube seismic information such as pre-stack or 4D data, the number of attributes can considerably increase and statistical methods are not often used. It is necessary to find a parameterization allowing an optimal description the seismic variability in the time window of interest. We propose to extract new attributes from seismic multi-cube data with Generalised Principal Analysis and to use them for reservoir interpretation with statistical techniques. The new attributes can be clearly related to the initial data set, and then be physically interpreted, while optimally summarizing the initial seismic information. By applying the Generalised Principal Analysis to 3D pre-stack surveys, the contribution of the pre-stack seismic information to reservoir characterisation is compared to the post-stack seismic one, in both synthetic and real cases. By applying the Generalised Principal Analysis to real 4D surveys, the seismic repeatability is quantified and the seismic changes in the reservoir with calendar time are highlighted and interpreted. A coherency cube has also been defined, based on the Generalised Principal Analysis. This attribute is a coherence measurement in three dimensions representing the local similarity between 4D or AVO surveys. (author)

  19. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelisel areenil / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    26. VIII-28. XI Fredrikstadis Hebleri-nim. rahvusvahelises graafikakeskuses avatud XII Norra rahvusvahelisel graafikatriennaalil esindavad Eestit Anu Kalm, Avo Keerend, Vive Tolli, Benjamin Vasserman, Mare Vint. Peapreemia ئ Anthony Hill. Triennaali president - Herman Hebler (s. 1911). 24. VI-15. IX Poolas toimunud X Lodzi rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil osalesid Eestist Virge Jõekalda, Benjamin Vasserman.

  20. Arhitektuur [1942-48] / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Arhitektuurikultuur. Taastamine. Sisult nõukogude, vormilt fašistlik. Modernismi jätkumisi. Kodu saavad valitud. Individuaalehitus kollektiivsuse utoopia taustal. Sunnitud või vabatahtlik monumentaalsus?

  1. Estonian parties face internal struggles / Helga Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Helga

    2010-01-01

    2011. aasta parlamendivalimiste eel on Eestimaa Rahvaliit, Erakond Eestimaa Rohelised ja Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond keerulises olukorras. Parteides on probleeme juhatustega. Kahe esimese partei puhul ei ole üldse kindel, kas nad saavad parlamendis kohti või mitte. Tõnis Saartsi, Rein Toomla ja Andres Tarandi arvamusi

  2. Lasteaed = Day-care / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Lasteaedade ehitus Eestis algas 1920-ndatel aastatel. 1950-ndatest aastatest alates hakati lasteaedu ehitama tüüpprojektide järgi. Leidub ka üksikuid lasteaedu, mis pidid selle ehitanud ettevõtte jõukust ja hoolt demonstreerima

  3. تحلیل AVO بر روی مخزن ماسه سنگی غار در میدان هندیجان

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    محمد طیبی

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available استفاده از روش‌های کمی در تفسیر داده‌های لرزه‌ای به جای روش‌های کیفی در مراحل اکتشاف تا تولید از مخازن نفتی، به مرور زمان جای خود را در صنعت بالا دستی نفت پیدا کرده است. یکی از مهمترین روش‌های کمی، بررسی نحوه تغییر ضرایب بازتاب امواج لرزه‌ای بر حسب تغییر دورافت (AVO بین گیرنده و چشمه است. با استفاده از ارتباط دامنه در برابر دورافت، روابط زوپریتس و تقریب‌های آن می‌توان نشانگرهای مختلفی استخراج کرد و به کمک آنها محدوده‌‌های مخزنی را از لحاظ سیال و سنگ شناسی تفکیک نمود. هدف از این مقاله ارزیابی توانایی‌های روش AVO در تشخیص هیدروکربن در میدان هندیجان واقع در منطقه شمال غرب خلیج فارس با استفاده از داده‌های لرزه‌ای پیش از انبارش می‌باشد. بدین منظور در میدان هندیجان، با استفاده از مدل‌سازی مستقیم، لرزه نگاشت مصنوعی حاصل از نگارهای چاه پیمایی ایجاد گردید و به کمک آن علت ناهنجاری مشاهده شده بر روی داده‌های لرزه‌ای قبل از برانبارش در مرز بالایی مخزن غار مشخص شد. سپس با تولید منحنی AVO نوع ناهنجاری مربوطه، کلاس اول تشخیص داده شد. روش‌های تحلیل AVO شامل مدل‌سازی مستقیم، مدل‌سازی جانشینی سیال، مطالعه نشانگرها و کراس پلات‌های AVO در محدوده مخزن، انجام گرفت. کارایی این روش به عنوان یک

  4. Mida arutati Brüsselis / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2004-01-01

    EL Põllumajandusorganisatsioonide Komitee (COPA) ja Põllumajanduskoostöö Keskkomitee (COGEGA) piimatöögrupi, COPA mahekomisjoni ning Euroopa Komisjoni nõuandva komitee töögrupi istungitel arutluse all olnud teemadest

  5. DOCOMOMO Eestis : kas mõikab? / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1996-01-01

    DOCOMOMO eesti töörühm on tegutsenud üle kolme aasta. Funktsionalismi väärtustamisest Eestis, moodsa arhitektuuri saatusest. H. Johansoni villast Suur-Ameerika 12, selle 1996. a. ümber- ja juurdeehitusest. Pärnu rannakohvikust ja rannahotellist. Kunstihoone restaureerimisest. E. Lohu Rahumäe kabeli ümberehitusest,. O. Siinmaa Pärnu kõlakoja rekonstruktsioonist. P. Tarvase "Kalevi" jahtklubi sülesehitamisest. Mahajäetult seisavad A. Volbergi Eesti Punase Risti sanatoorium Haapsalus, R. Natuse Valdeku saun Nõmmel.

  6. Leila Pärtelpoeg and the Soviet antique / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Leila Pärtelpojast, kes 2010. a. pälvis EV kultuuri elutööpreemia. Nõukogude ajal tegeles antiikmööbliga, uuris mööbliajalugu, kogus ajaloolist mööblit. Sisearhitekti tööst Eesti NSV-s, võimalusest kavandada mööblit. L. Pärtelpoja rollist ajalooliste interjööride (Parlamendihoone Toompeal, mõisahooned) restaureerimisel ja sisustamisel. Tallinna raekoja restaureerimisest (1975), ajalugu ja kaasaega sünteesivast terviklikust kujundusest

  7. Eesti funk vene pähe / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1996-01-01

    Raamat "Functional Architecture. The International Style. Funktionale Architektur. Le Style International. 1925- 1940" Saksa kirjastuselt Benedikt Taschen aastast 1990. Raamatus võib Sowjetunioni all lk. 322 leida foto A. Nürnbergi projekteeritud Pärnu hotellist "Vasa" (1938, praegu sanatoorium "Sõprus").

  8. Maailmapärand kisub kiiva / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2011-01-01

    19.-29. juunil Pariisis toimunud UNESCO maailmapärandi komitee 35. istungist, kus Eesti osales liikmena. Maailmapärandi nimekirja tehti 25 uut kannet. Maailmapärandi konventsiooni põhimõtete järgimisest

  9. The Pleasures of Mud : Estonian Summer Resort Architecture / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Pärnu, Haapsalu, Kuressaare ja Narva-Jõesuu suvitusarhitektuurist 20. saj. esimesest poolest kuni 21. saj. alguseni. Arhitektide Olev Siinmaa, Anton Soansi, August Volbergi, Tõnis Mihkelsoni, Raivo Puusepa, Raivo Kotovi, Üla Koppeli, Andrus Kõresaare, ehitusinseneride Erich Ottingi ja Robert Ederma ning sisearhitektide Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Liisi Murula ja Raili Palingu loomingust

  10. Eesti Panga ehitised 1918-1940 / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Sõdadevaheline Eesti ja pangaehitus. Eesti Pank ehitab: Viljandi osakonna hoone (1927, K. Burman, taastati 1956-61 I. Jaaguse projekti järgi), Petseri osakonna hoone (1929-30, F. Adoff), Rakvere osakonna hoone (1933, F. Adoff), Tallinna peapanga hoone arhitektuurivõistlus (1933, I auhind - E. Sacharias, B. Tshernov) ja peapanga hoone (1933-35, F. Adoff, H. Johanson, E. Habermann), Tartu osakonna hoone (1935-36, A. Matteus, K. Burman, aiakujundaja J. Port) ja selle skulptuurkaunistused (J. Raudsepp, A. Eller), Võru osakonna hoone (1937-38, E. Kuusik, A. Soans, reljeefid - A. Kaasik), Pärnu pangahoone arhitektuurivõistlus (1939, parimad A. Kotli ja E. Kuusik-A. Soans) ja Pärnu osakonna hoone (1939-u. 1945, A. Kotli, A. Soans, reljeefid - J. Raudsepp), ametnike elamu Tallinnas Kentmanni 20A (1924-25), Eesti Maakrediitseltsi büroo- ja eluhoone Tallinnas Sakala 4 (1935-36, E. Kuusik)

  11. Mis seal teletornis siis tegelikult juhtus? / Avo-Rein Tereping

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tereping, Avo-Rein, 1945-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Raadio endine tehnikadirektor kirjeldab 1991. aastal augustiputshi päevil teletornis toimunut ning rõhutab, et ei tohi unustada neid tehnilisi töötajaid, kes päästsid teletorni aparatuuri hävingust ning lõid alternatiivsed infokanalid. Ka Ilmar Raagi lavastatud Eesti Televisiooni fiktiivsest dokumentaaldraamast "August 1991"

  12. Uut vaadata - Mehed unustatud armeest / Avo Suurvärav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurvärav, Avo

    2007-01-01

    27. detsembril 2006 Eesti televisioonis näidatud dokumentaalfilmist "Mehed unustatud armeest", filmi autoriks Indrek Treufeldt. Film eesti meestest Teises maailmasõjas, mobiliseerituna, kuid nimetuse all vabatahtlik. Sattudes liitlasvägede kätte vangi oli nende saatuseks teenida USA tööteenistuse vahikompaniis 4221, üksuse ülesandeks oli valvata sõjakurjategijaid Nürnbergis

  13. Vana hea tuttav korruptsioon / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Meie Maa, 25. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 4; Järva Teataja, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 6; Põhjarannik, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 27. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 15; Vali Uudised, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 2. Vastukaja Viktor Vassiljevi artiklitele 19. juuli ja 17. aug. Postimehes

  14. Amplitude Versus Offset (AVO) An Emerging Tools for Mineral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The mining industry has traditionally used geologic field mapping, electromagnetic and potential field techniques, and drilling to explore for new mineral deposits, but with new discoveries of large near-surface deposits becoming increasingly rare and the known reserves of most economic minerals in decline, it is clear that ...

  15. MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN SERVICE DALAM PERMAINAN BOLA VOLLY DENGAN MAKE A MATCH PADA SISWA KELAS VII-H SMP NEGERI 1 WONOASRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anik Sri Handayani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the learning process of Physical Education in, teachers are expected to teach varieties of basic motor skills, techniques and strategy of games and sports, internalization of values (sportsmanship, honesty, cooperation, etc. as well as the conditioning of healthy lifestyles. The implementation is not through conventional teaching in the classroom consisting theoretical studies, but it also involves elements of physical, mental, intellectual, emotional and social. The activities which are given in teaching should get a methodical didactic touch, so that the activities carried out can achieve the aim of teaching. The problem formulation of this research is: is there an increase in the ability of service in the game of volleyball with “make-match” at VII-H grade of SMP Negeri 1 Wonoasri in 2012/2013 academic year? The purpose Classroom Action Research (CAR is to improve the quality of learning on the physical education in doing “service” in a volleyball game through a “make-match” learning approach  In this study, researchers have collaboration with other teachers and the principal. Researchers are involved in the study from the beginning to the end of the researech. Researchers try to see, observe, feel, live, reflect and evaluate learning activities that take place. The implementation stages of the action research consist of planning, acting, observation, and reflection. To obtain accurate results, the collected data in study were statistically analyzed using the formulas of mean or average.  The result showed that the average value of the first cycle of 66.14 (46.33% while the Cycle II 91.29 (96.43% in the second cycle, it has increased significantly. Referring to the hypothesis that the actions proposed in this class action research, it can be concluded that: there is an increased ability of “service” in volleyball games with “make-a-match” at VII-H grade of SMP Negeri 1 Wonoasri in 2012/2013 academic year.   Keywords: Skill Upgrading, Make A-Match

  16. Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemia pälvis Aivar Jürgenson / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemiale kandideeris 15 teost. Žürii nägi preemiakandidaadina teaduslikku monograafiat, otsustades anda preemia elus autorile ja vältida juba preemiad saanud teoseid. Leiti, et statuuti tuleks täpsustada. Preemia pälvis Aivar Jürgensoni teos "Ladina rahva seas. Argentina ja sealsed eestlased"

  17. Preliminary Archaeological investigation in front of Anija Manor House / Anneli Kalm, Kahrut Eller, Guido Toos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Anneli

    2013-01-01

    2012. aastal avastati Anija mõisa peahoone ees müürikatked. Suurimad leitud rajatised olid kolm loode-kagu suunalist müüri. Profiilides sai eristada vähemalt kahte eriaegset rusude ladestumist, millest alumine sisaldas ka põlemistunnuseid. Kivirajatisega otseselt seostatavaid leide ei saadud, seega võib vaid kirjalikele allikatele toetudes oletada, et mõisahoone rajati Anijale 14. või 15. sajandil

  18. Keskklassi maailm võtab ilmet - 1920. aastate arhitektuurist / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Riigikoguhoonest. Sotsiaalehitus. Linnamajade ehitamine. Tööandja elamud. Asunikutalud. Spekulatiivne elamuehitus. Tallinna maja. Avalikud hooned. Puit traditsionalismi ja akademismi vahel. Importarhitektuur

  19. Mis peaks Eestist olema maailmapärandis? / Urve Sinijärv, Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Urve, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekirjast, selle täiendamisest uute objektidega. Eestist võiksid nimekirja kuuluda puisniidud, Balti klint, Kuressaare vanalinn, Narva linnus, Tartu Ülikooli ansambel, vesilennukite angaarid

  20. Paula Delacherie-Ilves (7. 04. 1903 - 2. 09. 2003) : In Memoriam / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Pariisis elanud eesti esimese naisarhitekti elust ja loomingust. 1933. a. abiellus arhitekt Jacques Delacheriega. 2 ill.: arhitekti portreefoto, Tallinna Keskhaigla võistlustöö "Tervis", 1936-1937 (klaasnegatiivid Eesti Arhitektuurimuseumis)

  1. Eesti majandid rahvusvahelises börsiettevõttes / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2008-01-01

    Artiklis tutvustatakse AS-i Agro Piim (AS moodustavad AS Peetri Põld ja Piim, Vaimastvere Agro Jõgevamaalt, Tammsaare OÜ ja Aravete Agro koos Arme Turvasega Järvamaalt, Lelle POÜ Raplamaalt ja Hiiumaa Agro - omanikuks Venemaa AO Nutritec Grupp) ajalugu, tegevust, perspektiive, antakse hinnang Eesti põllumajanduspoliitikale

  2. Enne tuleb tasuvus selgeks teha: [biogaasitehase rajamisest] / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti suurimas seakasvatusettevõttes Eksekos, kus paikneb 41% vabariigi seakasvatusest ja tekib aastas 120 000 tonni seasõnnikut, on reaalne võimalus ehitada sõnnikust ja muudest biolagunevatest jäätmetest biogaasi tootev tehas. Skeem: Biogaasist elektri ja soojuse tootmine

  3. Vello Asi - Eesti sisearhitektuuri Grand Old Man / Vello Asi ; interv. Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asi, Vello, 1927-

    2002-01-01

    Intervjuu sisearhitekti 75. sünnipäeva puhul. V. Asi õpingutest, tööst Estonprojektis, Kunstitoodete Kombinaadis, sisearhitektuuri kateedris, oma töödest, koostööst Valve Pormeistri ja Väino Tammega, eesti sisekujundusest 1960.-1970. aastail. 12 ill.

  4. Ühispanga hoone - Eesti edu tähis / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1999-01-01

    Tallinn, Tartu maantee 13. Pangahoone projekteerija Arhitektibüroo R. Puusepp, arhitekt Raivo Puusepp. Sisekujundaja AS PAG, sisearhitekt Erik Olle. Ehitas Merko Ehitus. Projekt 1995-98, hoone valmis 1999. Pilvelõhkujate uus põlvkond. Hoone tehnilisi näitajaid. 15 illustratsiooni

  5. Eesti tulevik on noor pere / Lennart Meri ; intervjueerinud Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meri, Lennart, 1929-2006

    1999-01-01

    Kohtumine peaminister Mart Laari valitsuse liikmetega Paslepas, 7. juuli 1999. Ilmunud ka: Vaba Eesti Sõna (New York), 2. sept., lk. 7, pealk.: President Lennart Meri: young estonian family is the future of Estonia: [lüh.

  6. Uus väravahoone : uued hooned ja rajatised / Mart Kalm, Märt Karmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    1998. a. arhitektuurivõistlusest, kus esikoha pälvis Aivo Schultsi ja Marti Kahu võistlusprojekt "Vihm". 2003. a. hakkas hoonet ehitama AS Merko Ehitus. Sisearhitekt Priit Põldme. Novembris 2003 valminud hoonest, muudatustest. Ill.: 5 konkursitöö joonised, valminud hoone välis- ja sisevaade

  7. Oma niši leidmine : [Kiili valla aiandustalust] / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2004-01-01

    Aiandussaaduste sortimenti oluliselt laiendanud talunik Aivar Somarokov köögiviljade, lillede ja maitsetaimede kasvatamisest Kiili vallas asuvas Sepa talus, toodangu turustamisest ja tulevikuplaanidest

  8. Kui mälestada, siis väärikalt / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnasse kavandatavat diletantlikku monumenti võrreldakse professionaalsete lahendustega linnaruumis - vabadusmonumendiga Pärnus Rüütli platsil (Mart Aas, Kaarel Eelma, Mikk Mutso) ja Narva Kolledzhi projektiga (Indrek Peil, Siiri Vallner, Katrin Koov) hävinud börsihoone mälestamiseks

  9. Probabilistic inversion of AVO seismic data for reservoir properties and related uncertainty estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zunino, Andrea; Mosegaard, Klaus

    2017-04-01

    Sought-after reservoir properties of interest are linked only indirectly to the observable geophysical data which are recorded at the earth's surface. In this framework, seismic data represent one of the most reliable tool to study the structure and properties of the subsurface for natural resources. Nonetheless, seismic analysis is not an end in itself, as physical properties such as porosity are often of more interest for reservoir characterization. As such, inference of those properties implies taking into account also rock physics models linking porosity and other physical properties to elastic parameters. In the framework of seismic reflection data, we address this challenge for a reservoir target zone employing a probabilistic method characterized by a multi-step complex nonlinear forward modeling that combines: 1) a rock physics model with 2) the solution of full Zoeppritz equations and 3) a convolutional seismic forward modeling. The target property of this work is porosity, which is inferred using a Monte Carlo approach where porosity models, i.e., solutions to the inverse problem, are directly sampled from the posterior distribution. From a theoretical point of view, the Monte Carlo strategy can be particularly useful in the presence of nonlinear forward models, which is often the case when employing sophisticated rock physics models and full Zoeppritz equations and to estimate related uncertainty. However, the resulting computational challenge is huge. We propose to alleviate this computational burden by assuming some smoothness of the subsurface parameters and consequently parameterizing the model in terms of spline bases. This allows us a certain flexibility in that the number of spline bases and hence the resolution in each spatial direction can be controlled. The method is tested on a 3-D synthetic case and on a 2-D real data set.

  10. G Genetic c chara acteris Mill.) in sation on two r of avo region ocado

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    nging from 5 were highl er than 0.5. U were cluster ide genetic b ontent, acces mpbell and M nel, 1991; FA very few stu proving the p hana, in contr rop elsewher essing indisc urce in Ghan he terms of the can Journ. (Perse. Ghana. F. Takrama2 ences, Univers w Tafo-Akim, eba ‐ Mampon. 4 rop with cult ch on this c. Ghana.

  11. Helivõimenduse terror on jõudnud pühakotta / Avo-Rein Tereping

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tereping, Avo-Rein, 1945-

    2009-01-01

    Autor taunib helivõimenduse kasutamist kirikutes toimuvate kontserdite puhul. Näiteks toob ta Jaani kirikus mängitud Charles Gounod` "Missa püha Ceciliale" Urmas Lattikase seades ja tema ansambli osavõtul, kus võimendatud oli peale elektripillide ka koorilauljaid ja ooperisoliste

  12. Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO data to assess fluid and shale ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hafiz Mubbasher Anwer

    using synthetic data for the characterization of shaley-sand media based on anisotropic rock physics. (T-matrix approximation) and seismic .... i.e., m ∈ M. The operator G is a combination of rock physics modelling and seismic .... where N is a normalization constant and the objective function J(m) in the case of Gaussian ...

  13. Säärane mulk, ehk sada vakka etteheiteid / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiumaa, 24. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 24. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 24. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 23. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 27. juuli 2004, lk. 4; Lääne Elu, 27. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 27. juuli 2004, lk. 6; Pärnu Postimees, 28. juuli 2004, lk. 15; Virumaa Teataja, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 7; Vali Uudised, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 12. aug. 2004, lk. 2. Vastuseks Helir-Valdor Seederi art. 17. juuli ajal. Meie Maa. Uus poliitika tähendab üldinimlike väärtuste taasväärtustamise kaudu pidevalt uuenevat riiki.

  14. Uudised : Nikolai Aleksejev ERSO peadirigendiks. Lastemuusikalide festival. Hinnatud gospelkoor Eestis / Avo Suurvärav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurvärav, Avo

    2001-01-01

    15. märtsil allkirjastati ERSO uue peadirigendi N. Aleksejevi tööleping. 19.-21. märtsini Tallinnas toimunud I Eesti lastemuusikalide festivalist, osa võtnud lasteteatritest. 21. märtsil esines Tallinnas Londoni gospelkoor

  15. Võsu rahvas näitleb, Albu ootab teatreid / Avo Seidelberg, Rein Sikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seidelberg, Avo

    2007-01-01

    Võsu Rahva Teatris etendus näitemäng "Vanim amet" autor ja lavastaja kohalik näitekirjanik ja lavastaja Luule Aasmäe. Albu mõisa rehehoones hakatakse lavastama Eduard Vilde romaani "Prohvet Maltsvet". Teksti kirjutasid Urmas Lennuk ja Mart Koldits, viimane on ka tüki lavastaja

  16. Rein Oja, Kirsti Timmer ja Avo Põhjala võitluskunstidest / Simo Meinert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meinert, Simo

    2001-01-01

    Seriaali "Walker - Texase korravalvur" nimitegelast mängiva Chuck Norrise võitluskunstide oskusi aluseks võttes arendatakse teemat idamaa võitluskunstidest kinos, teatris ja elus. Ka : Teleleht nr. 49, lk. 42-43

  17. G Genetic c chara acteris Mill.) in sation on two r of avo region ocado

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    Rad Power Pac 300) (Bio-Rad, Consult EG 261,. Belgium) and 1 X TBE as running buffer. ..... similar alleles with Doni, Tower and DWI Bank. These developments suggest that there are a number of unknown accessions of avocados in the study ...

  18. Fluid prediction using rock modelling and reconnaissance. AVO analysis - A case study from the North Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osdal, Bard; Granli, John Reidar

    1998-12-31

    Seismic lithology and fluid phase prediction (LFP) is becoming an important part of seismic interpretation, and can contribute significantly to risk reduction prior to drilling. In this presentation there is focused on quantitative interpretation of the amplitudes in a 2-D dataset, with respect to presence of hydrocarbons. Different aspect of the working producer, like data quality (well data and seismic data), rock modelling and seismic modelling will be illustrated. In the present study only one well has been used for calibration and to investigate the seismic response for different fluid and lithology scenarios. The rock modelling included evaluation of seismic parameter effect for different fluid and porosities. 1 ref., 4 figs.

  19. Eesti päästjad taas Indoneesias / Avo Kiik ; interv. Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiik, Avo

    2005-01-01

    Eesti päästemeeskonna logistikarühm EST-LOG sõitis Indoneesiasse missioonile, mille ülesandeks on kindlustada logistiline tugi katastroofijärgsete rahvusvaheliste taastustööde koordineerijatele ja korraldajatele ÜRO välilaagris

  20. Pätsi pärand Kadriorus : Presidendi kantselei interjööride rekonstruktsioon / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    2002. a. valminud sisekujunduse autor Juta Lember (Lember & Padar). Kooti valmis 1940. a. konkursi võitnud Aarne Mõttuse vapivaip. Presidendi kantselei (A. Kotli, 1937-38) algsest kujundusest (R. Wunderlich, O. Siinmaa, Adamson-Eric) ja muudatustest (L. Pärtelpoeg, M. Summatavet), Kadrioru lossist ja pargist, vahipataljoni kasarmute (R. Koolmar, 1939) lammutamisest, kunstimuuseumi ehitamisest, Lastepargi hoonest ( A. Kotli, V. Seidra, 1937). 10 ill

  1. Paneelikas trügib palee kõrvale : UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekiri uueneb / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    UNESCO maailmapärandi nimestikust, valikuprintsiipidest, nende avardumisest, 20. sajandi arhitektuurist, uutest UNESCO maailmapärandi nimistusse lisatud ja ootejärjekorras seisvatest objektidest. Lisa: UNESCO maailmapärandi nimistusse kantud 20. sajandi arhitektuuriobjektid

  2. Talu kui suvila arhetüüp = Farmhouse as an Archetype for a Summer Cottage / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2002-01-01

    Arhitekt Jüri Okase kavandatud ehitusettevõtja Rein Tallermo Mardi talus Saaremaal Kihelkonna vallas Vaigu külas on säilitanud rannaküla taluhoonete (elamu, kõrvalhoone, saun) väikesed mahud endistel kohtadel. Projekt ja hooned valmisid 2002. a. Ill.: kolm plaani, viis välisvaadet.

  3. Kolm nuppu ja lint : Helsingi Pihlajamäelt Tallinna Trummi tänavale / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Arhitekt Raine Karbi kavandatud Teaduste Akadeemia SKB elamurühmast Tallinnas Trummi t. 21 (1969-1971). 1970. a. tellis TA arhitekt Rein Kerstenilt juurde kakas 9-korruselist tornelamut Trummi t. 23 ja 23a. Raine Karbi eeskujudest Soomes. Helsingi Pihlajamäe elamurajoonist, mis ehitati välja 1960-ndate esimesel poolel ning mille planeeringu koostas Olli Kivinen. 3 plaani, 10 fotot. Bibliograafia lk. 62

  4. Toetusrühm on toetuseks ehk maalitud seinast, kuldvõtmekesest ja tegelikust elust / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Autor leiab, et valitsus saab juhtida oma programme ka kodanikeühenduste koostöövõrgu kaudu ning lihtsustada nii riigi ülesehitust. Muutuvas maailmas võib kaasamise kaudu kasvatada usaldust ja vastutust

  5. Velocity and AVO analysis for the investigation of gas hydrate along a profile in the western continental margin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Dewangan, P.; Ramprasad, T.

    is the number of traces in the Common Mid-Point (CMP) gather, and f j,t(j) is the amplitude of the j th trace along the reflection-time trajectory t(j) on a hyperbolic moveout curve governed by the trial velocity V trial and zero-offset time t 0 . Travel times... increases. – All the semblance curves pass through a constant C at the overburden velocity (V rms1 ) because the travel time difference between the hyperbolic trajectory of the target layer RMS velocity and the overburden velocity is almost independent...

  6. Raesaalis lauldakse armastuse ajast / Ülle Jantson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jantson, Ülle

    2008-01-01

    Lumepromenaadi sarja teine kontsert "See A-tähega sõna" 7. dets. 2008 Pärnu Raekojas, esinevad Pärnu noored lauljad ja instrumentalistid Toomas Volli juhendamisel, esitatakse jõulumuusikat, noorte omaloomingut, eesti heliloojate laule

  7. Kunstiõppurid tulid üle jõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    18. jaan. avati Pärnu lasteraamatukogus Agape kunstiklassi klaasimaalide näitus. Pärnu haigla traumaosakonnas on Agape täiskasvanute kunstistuudios valminud klaasimaalide ja Leili Volli graafika näitus

  8. Hõbehääled kullale / Ülle Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Ülle, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Toomas Volli koor "Argentum Vox" naasis Praha rahvusvaheliselt 13. jõulu- ja advendilaulude koorikonkurss-festivalilt (28.-30. nov.) grand prix', kuldmedali ja eripreemiaga kõrge vokaalkultuuri eest

  9. Medieval and Early Modern Suburban Site in Tallinn, Tartu Road 1: Contexts and Structures / Ulla Kadakas, Guido Toos, Anneli Kalm ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Väljakaevamised toimusid kvartalis, mille lõunaservas kulges ajalooline Tartu maantee, ning paarisaja meetri kaugusel asus ülepääs Härjapea jõest - nn Kivisild. Kinnistute põhistruktuur näib üsna püsivana, tegemist on pikkade pisut edela-kirde suunaliste kruntidega

  10. Töökogemus võib hakata pabereid asendama / Sirje Pärismaa ; kommenteerinud Ott Ojaveer, Merike Kaste, Mart Kalm, ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärismaa, Sirje, 1958-

    2016-01-01

    VÕTA (varasema õpi- ja töökogemuse arvestamine) laiendamise kavast. Kui kooskõlastusringil olev haridusseaduse eelnõu vastu võetakse, võib põhikoolitunnistuseta kandideerida gümnaasiumi, bakalaureusediplomita magistrantuuri ja ehk gümnaasiumi­tunnistuseta ülikooligi

  11. Sõdade-vaheline Pärnu kuurort = Pärnun kylpylätoiminta sotien välisenä aikana / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Pärnu kuurordi taastamisest. Mudaravila arhitektuurikonkurssidest. 1927. a. avati O. Siinmaa, E. von Wolffeldti ja A. Nürnbergi projekti järgi valminud supelasutus. Hoone sisemise dekoori ja mööbli kavandas O. Siinmaa, skulpturaalsed osad teostas Voldemar Mellik. 1925. a. sai Pärnu linnaarhitektiks O. Siinmaa. 1937. a. valmis Rannahotell (arhitektid O. Siinmaa, A. Soans), 1939. a. Rannakohvik (arhitekt O. Siinmaa) jm. Bibliograafia joonealustes märkustes

  12. Muusika : Muusika igaks asendiks ja meeleoluks. Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Robbie Williams "Greatest Hits", Gotan Project "Insipracion Espiracion", Manic Street Preachers "Lifeblood", Daddy G "DJ Kicks", Eminem "Encore", Kalm "Generalissimus Kalm", U2 "How to dismantle an atomic bomb"

  13. Ühiseid väärtusi hoides : haridusministeerium otsib abi eetikast / Avo Rosenvald ; kommenteerinud Tõnis Lukas, Marju Lauristin ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    26. septembril Tallinnas väärtuste ja nende arendamise teemal toimunud konverentsist "Ühiseid väärtusi hoides", mille korraldas Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskus koostöös Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumiga

  14. Simptomatologija poremećaja hranjenja u sportaša te povezanost s perfekcionizmom, mršavošću zbog izvedbe i utjecajem trenera

    OpenAIRE

    Drašković, Ivana

    2016-01-01

    Bavljenje sportom na različite načine oblikuje psihofizičku dobrobit sportaša, no izloženost mnogobrojnim pritiscima sportskog okruženja dovodi i do neželjenih, za sportaša nezdravih, obrazaca ponašanja, uvjerenja i navika, velikim dijelom vezanih uz navike hranjenja. Cilj ovog istraživanja je ispitati prisutnost simptomatologije poremećaja hranjenja među sportašima te utvrditi sportsko-specifične faktore rizične za njihov razvoj. U istraživanje je uključeno 287 studenata prve i druge godine ...

  15. Vene piirist ja piirikaitsest Eesti kagunurgas keskajal / Heiki Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Heiki, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Piiri olemasolu mõjust piirialade elanike elukorraldusele ja sotsiaalsele staatusele, piiriala kontrollimiseks vajalikust infrastruktuurist, piirikaitsekorraldusest ning Siksälä kalme relvahaudadest

  16. Lõuna 2a villa restaureerimine Pärnus = Restoration of Lõuna 2a villa in Pärnu / Jaak Huimerind, Mari Kurismaa, Mart Kalm ; kommenteerinud Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huimerind, Jaak, 1957-

    2015-01-01

    Villa Pärnus Lõuna tänav 2a, valminud 1936, restaureeritud 2014. Hoone arhitektid Olev Siinmaa, Anton Soans, restaureerimisarhitekt Jaak Huimerind, sisearhitekt Mari Kurismaa. Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali restaureerimispreemia 2014

  17. Archaeological excavations on the cemetery of Kodasoo and the settlement site of Lagedi / Gurly Vedru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedru, Gurly, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Kodasoo kalme puhul oli tegu maa-aluste põletusmatustega. Tehti kindlaks, et Kodasoo kalme hõlmas algselt u. 50-70 m2 suuruse ala. Päästekaevamistel Lagedi asulakohal olid leidude hulgas ülekaalus uusaegne keraamika ja vanimateks leidudeks üksikud viikingiaegsed savinõud

  18. "Poistelaulu" üks hõbe jäi Pärnusse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Konkursi "Poistelaul 2005" lõppvoorus 17. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas saavutas noormeeste vanuserühmas teise koha Toomas Volli laulukooli õpilane Oliver Timmusk, võistulaulmise lõppvoorus osalesid veel pärnakad Karl Paisuots, Oskar Samuel Rebane ja Carl Väljaäär. Üldvõidu pälvis Türi Gümnaasiumi õpilane Mikk Dede

  19. Tööstus modernismi mõjutajana / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Raamatust "Industry and modernism : companies, architecture and identity in the Nordic and Baltic countries during the high-industrial period" (Helsinki : Finnish Literature Society, 2007). Toimetaja Anja Kervanto Nevanlinna. Mart Kalm kirjutab Eesti maapiirkondade industrialiseerimisest ning KEK-ide arhitektuurist

  20. Louis Kahn. Ajaloost ajatust otsides / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    6.-7. okt. 2006. a. toimuvad Kuressaares esimesed Kahni päevad. Eestist pärit ameerika arhitekti Louis Isadore Kahni (1901-1974) eluloolisi andmeid ja loomingust. Kommenteerivad Mart Kalm, Raine Karp, Veljo Kaasik, Toivo Tammik

  1. Eesti parim puitehitis on Aarna loomalautade kompleks Põlvamaal / Helve Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Helve, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Metsatööstuse Liidu ja Puuinfo korraldatud arhitektuurivõistluse parima puitehitise leidmiseks tulemused. Hindas žürii koosseisus Veljo Kaasik, Toomas Aakre, Mart Kalm, Urmas Elmik ja Märt Riistop

  2. Teenager vaatab tagasi / Karin Hallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas, Karin, 1957-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumi asutamisest ja kümneaastasest tegevusest. Arhitektuurimuuseum asutati 1. I 1991. a. Initsiatiivgruppi kuulusid Karin Hallas (tulevane direktor), Krista Kodres ja Mart Kalm. 7. VI 1996. a. avanäitus Rotermanni soolalaos

  3. Raamat "Raidmets" = "Raidmets" book

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Tutvustus: Toivo Raidmets / koostanud Toivo Raidmets ; toimetanud Leele Välja ; tekstid: Krista Kodres, Sirje Helme, Harry Liivrand, Mart Kalm. Tallinn : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2011. Loetletud Toivo Raidmetsa tehtud töid

  4. DOCOMOMO cream. Modernismi valitud palad / Tiina Tammet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammet, Tiina, 1971-

    2000-01-01

    Raamatust:The modern movement in architecture : selections from the DOCOMOMO registers. Toimetajad Dennis Sharp ja Chaterine Cooke. Rotterdam : Publishers, 2000. Eesti funktsionalismist on teinud kokkuvõtte Piret Lindpere ja Mart Kalm

  5. Metsameeste muhe kontor / Liivi Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Liivi, 1978-

    2014-01-01

    Riigimetsa Majandamise Keskuse (RMK) kontoriruumide sisekujundus arhitektuuribüroolt Studio-3 (Andres Põime, Liisa Põime, Reet Põime, Anu Põime, Kristi Prinzmann, Lauri Kalm, Lauri Vaimel). Konverentsisaalis taastati Dolores Hoffmanni vitraažid

  6. Plaadid / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Embrace "Out of Nothing", Arrested Development "Among The Trees", Kalm, Kristjan "Generalissimus", Bossacucanova "Uma batida diferente", Adams, Bryan "Room Service", "Kasabian", Korn "Greatest Hits. Vol 1", Papa Roach "Getting Away With Murder"

  7. Popnädal : popuudised. Pet Shop Boys - Release. Music from Vanilla Sky. Billboard Top 20 20. aprill 2002 edetabel / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Moby uuest singlist "We Are All Made Of Stars" albumilt "18". Eesti sõltumatu tantsulise elektroonika plaadifirma Umblu saadab turule kolmanda väljalaske: koosluse Tallinn 73 meets Kalm split-albumi "Autopiloot". Filmimuusika heliplaatidest.

  8. Ilmus eesti funktsionalistliku arhitektuuri reisijuht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tallinnas 1998. a. ilmunud Mart Kalmu eesti 1930. aastate arhitektuuri tutvustav 'Eesti funktsionalism/Functionalism in Estonia. Reisijuht' (DOCOMOMO-Eesti). Kujundaja Andres Tali. Mart Kalm DOCOMOMO Eesti grupi peakoordinaatorina

  9. Tallinna 20. sajandi arhitektuurigiid / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2000-01-01

    Raamatust: Hallas, Karin, Kodres, Krista, Kalm, Mart. 20th century architecture in Tallinn : architectural guide. Tallinn : Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2000. Kaasautorid Andres Kurg, Triin Ojari, tõlkija Krista Mits, kujundaja Ivar Sakk

  10. Vananev tööjõud - eelis või puudus? / Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilk, Urve

    2011-01-01

    AS EMT juhatuse liige Valdo Kalm, Baltic Restaurants Estonia ASi personaliosakonna vanemspetsialist Jaana Šmidt ning OÜ Robinson Restoranid tootmis- ja teenindusjuht Rita Veskimeister töötajate vanusest oma ettevõtetes

  11. Diethylamino hydroxybenzoyl hexyl benzoate (DHHB) as additive to the UV filter avobenzone in cosmetic sunscreen formulations - Evaluation of the photochemical behavior and photostabilizing effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Camila Martins; Máximo, Leandro Nériton Cândido; Fontanezi, Bianca Bueno; da Silva, Roberto Santana; Gaspar, Lorena Rigo

    2017-03-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the photochemical behavior of DHHB and its photostabilizing effect on avobenzone (AVO) in different sunscreen formulations. The formulations were subjected to photostability studies by HPLC and spectrophotometry. In vitro phototoxicity was assessed using 3T3 fibroblast cultures. The mechanism of interaction between DHHB and AVO was investigated by steady state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. All formulations provided ultra-protection against UVA radiation. HPLC results demonstrated that DHHB did not present a photostabilizing effect on AVO. Fluorescence spectroscopy showed that AVO and DHHB interact by a static quenching mechanism and DHHB did not affect the AVO excited state lifetime. In addition, the energy transfer by Förster mechanism (FRET), which is the most often mechanism responsible for singlet-singlet quenching, is unlikely in this work. These results suggest why DHHB did not work as a photostabilizer on AVO singlet excited state. Phototoxicity results demonstrated that combinations containing DHHB (C2) did not show a phototoxic potential. Finally, although DHHB was considered to be photostable for all formulations studied (F2 and F3) it did not increase the photostability of AVO (F3). Thus, we suggested that formulations containing DHHB (F2) should be considered more advantageous than formulations containing AVO and AVO/DHHB (F1 and F3 respectively). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Eksootilised suusamaratonid / Heino Piirsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsoo, Heino

    2011-01-01

    Eestlaste Alar Justi, Avo Kirsipuu ja Heino Piirsoo osalemisest Gröönimaa suusamaratonil Arctic Circle Race ning FIS Põhjamaade suusamaratonide karikasarja kuuluval Fossavatni suusamaratonil Islandil

  13. Investigating the potential of essential oils as penetration enhancer for transdermal losartan delivery: Effectiveness and mechanism of action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indu Vashisth

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The effect of tea tree oil (TTO, cumin oil (CO, rose oil (RO and aloe vera oil (AVO on the skin permeation of losartan potassium (LP was investigated. In vitro skin permeation studies were carried out using rat skin. The mechanism of skin permeation enhancement of LP by essential oils treatment was evaluated by FTIR, DSC, activation energy measurement and histopathological examination. Both concurrent ethanol/enhancer treatment and neat enhancer pretreatment of rat SC with all the oils produced significance increase in the LP flux over the control. The effectiveness of the oils as the penetration enhancers was found to be in the following descending order: AVO > RO > CO > TTO. However, only AVO was the only enhancer to provide target flux required to deliver the therapeutic transdermal dose of LP. FTIR and DSC spectra of the enhancer treated SC indicated that TTO, CO, RO and AVO increased the LP permeation by extraction of SC lipids. The results of thermodynamic studies and histopathological examination of AVO treated SC suggested additional mechanisms for AVO facilitated permeation i.e. transient reduction in barrier resistance of SC and intracellular transport by dekeratinization of corneocytes which may be attributed to the presence of triglycerides as constituents of AVO. It is feasible to deliver therapeutically effective dose of LP via transdermal route using AVO as penetration enhancer.

  14. Areeni aasta albumid 2004

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Franz Ferdinand "Franz Ferdinand", Toe Tag "Legendaarne", The Libertines "The Libertines ", Morrissey "You Are The Qarry", The Streets "A Grand Don't Come For Free", Kalm "Generalissimus Kalm", Brian Wilson "Smile", Madvillain "Madvillainy", Scissor Sisters "Scissor Sisters", Gary Wilson "Mary Had A Brown Hair", Animal Collective "Sung Tongs", Keane "Hopes And Fears", Todd Rundgren "Liars", Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds "Abbatoir Blues/The Lyre of Orpheus", Mylo "Destroy Rock'n'Roll", Devendra Banhart "Rejoicing In The Hands", Stefani "Love Angel Music Baby", Björk "Medulla", Moodymann "Black Mahogani"

  15. XIX trompetipäevad / Ia Remmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remmel, Ia, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    EMTAs toimunud XIX rahvusvahelistest trompetipäevadest ja selle raames peetud konkursist "Trompetitalendid 2008". Muljeid jagavad külalisprofessor Bert Langeler ja korraldaja Avo Ots. Konkursi tulemused

  16. Velocity-independent layer stripping of PP and PS reflection traveltimes

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Dewangan, P.; Tsvankin, I.

    Building accurate interval velocity models is critically important for seismic imaging and AVO (amplitude variation with offset) analysis. Here, we adapt the PP + PS = SS method to develop an exact technique for constructing the interval traveltime...

  17. Korruptsioonikonverents valitsuse ja kolmanda sektori koostöö heaks / Rait Kaarma, Kersti Kurre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaarma, Rait

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Maksumaksjate Liidu korraldatud rahvusvahelisest konverentsist "Korruptsioonivastane võitlus Eestis". Väljavõtted Avo Üpruse, Pille Kustovi, Bogdan Senschuki, Anne Schmidti ja Norman Aasa sõnavõttudest

  18. 77 FR 34400 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... U.S. in order to reduce the loss of life, property, and economic and societal impacts. USGS will use... module and web interface allowing the public and Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) staff to enter reports...

  19. Individual reports : Finland : 1992-1998

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    EMKÜ presidendi Avo Kartuli külaskäigust Soome raamatukogudesse 1992. aastal ja Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu Kunstide Teabekeskuse töötajate Aurika Gergelezhiu ja Linda Tõnissoni külaskäigust vastavalt 1993. ja 1998. aastal

  20. Haigekassa jättis vigastatud motokrossiässa toetuseta / Ulis Guth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guth, Ulis, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Aasta tagasi motokrossi MMi etapi vabatreeningul kukkudes selgroogu vigastanud ja alakehast halvatuks jäänud Avo Leok annab homme kultuuriministeeriumis pressikonverentsi, kus ta tutvustab oma vahepealseid tegemisis ja ravi kulgu

  1. Mis saab Tallinna Polütehnikumist? / Sirje Tohver ; kommenteerib Mati Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje, 1948-

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna Polütehnikumi liitmisest Tallinna Kõrgema Tehnikakõrgkooliga. Arvamust avaldavad TPT õppealadirektor Jüri Mickfeldt ja AS Eesti Telefon IP Teenused turundusjuht Avo-Rein Tereping (TPT vilistlane, kooli nõukogu liige)

  2. TOPi omanikud ähvardavad Pirita sadama osaliselt sulgeda / Urmas Seaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seaver, Urmas, 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna Olümpiapurjespordikeskus rajati Pirita jõe suudmesse 1980. aastal. Hoone arhitektid on Peep Jänes, Ants Raid, Henno Sepmann, Avo-Himm Looveer. Avariiolukorras olevad kaid vajavad renoveerimist. Ala detailplaneeringu kehtestamisest

  3. 28. jaanuarini olid...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Eesti graafikute Avo Keerendi ja Benjamin Vassermani tööd olid Poola rahvusvahelisel graafikanäitusel "Graphic Constellation - Szczecin 2000" alapealkirjaga "Seeking the New Space". A. Keerendi tööd on reprodutseeritud kataloogis.

  4. Elektrooniline raamat iga padja alla / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Autor arutleb, kuidas muudavad uued tehnilised lahendused raamatute lugemise harjumusi ning raamatuturgu. Elektroonilisest raamatust Sony Reader. Avo Kokk juhatab Balti raamatumessi raames toimuvat konverentsi "E-raamat: evolutsioon või revolutsioon"

  5. A packed Estonian House welcomes back Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves / Adu Raudkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudkivi, Adu

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust Toronto Eesti Majja 27. mail 2008. Juuresoleval fotol Eesti riigipea koos Ülemaailmse Eesti Kesknõukogu esimehe Avo Kittaski ja Eesti Ohvitseridekogu Kanadas esimehe Ülo Isbergiga

  6. Preparation and characterization of cosmeceutical liposomes loaded with avobenzone and arbutin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jun-Jen; Nazzal, Sami; Chang, Tzu-Shan; Tsai, Tsuimin

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop and characterize a liposome delivery system coencapsulating two cosmeceutical ingredients, avobenzone (AVO) and arbutin (AR). Two different liposome preparation methods, that is, thin film hydration and reverse-phase evaporation, were evaluated. To obtain the optimal formulation, various ratios of lipid to AVO or AR were tested. The effects of liposome formulation and preparation method on particle size, entrapment efficiency (EE), and skin permeation rate were studied. The mean particle size of the liposome formulations obtained by the thin film hydration method was smaller than that obtained by the reverse-phase evaporation method. The EE of AR and AVO in liposomes prepared by the thin film method, however, was lower than that prepared by the reverse-phase evaporation method. No differences in membrane permeation were observed between the two preparation methods. A large portion of AR permeated through the membrane into the receptor chamber. On the other hand, AVO remained in the donor chamber or accumulated in the membrane. The results of this study revealed that liposomes are a promising delivery system for coencapsulated AR and AVO. Liposomes may aid in retaining the sunscreen (AVO) at the surface of the skin for sun protection meanwhile facilitating the penetration of the whitening agent (AR) into the deeper layers of the skin for whitening effect.

  7. 20. sajandi arhitektuuri kaitsest ja kaitsetusest / Karin Hallas-Murula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas-Murula, Karin, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    1988. aastast tegutseb rahvusvaheline võrgustik DoCoMoMo, millega Eesti liitus 1991. a. Eesti DoCoMoMo tegevusest. Mälestiste hindamisest ja kaitse alla võtmisest. 2004. a. koostas Mart Kalm juhendi 20. sajandi objektide kaitse alla võtmise kohta. Sakala keskuse kaitsmisest, Tartu mnt. Turisti poe saatuse otsustamisest. Arhitektide suhtumisest muinsuskaitsesse

  8. Vabadussõja võidusambana kerkib Ingeri bastionile 28-meetrine rist / Madis Taras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taras, Madis

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnasse Harjumäele kerkiva monumendi ideekonkursi võitis töö "Libertas", teise koha sai töö "Meie inimesed" ja kolmanda koha töö "Illusioon". Konkursi komisjoni esimees peapiiskop Andres Põder. Kommenteerib Mart Kalm

  9. EMT kasvatab rate.ee-ga uusi kliente / Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Suhtlusportaal rate.ee on olnud EMT jaoks edukas projekt ning ettevõtte juht Valdo Kalm peab tõstatatud eetikaküsimusi ebaõiglaselt esitatuks, sest rate.ee on tema sõnul teiste veebikanalitega võrreldes üks filtreeritumaid. Vt. samas: Mis on rate.ee; EMT loodud rate-mobiili teenused ja hinnakiri

  10. "Now Art Now Future" Leedus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Seitse näitust Baltimaade graafikast Vilniuses, Kaunases ja Klaipedas. Eestist osalesid P. Allik, I. Heamägi, L. Jõekalda, A. Kalm, M. Nukke, L. Ruben, M.-K. Ulas, S. Tamsalu, A. Vahtrapuu, K. Valk. Eesti kuraatorid M.-K. Ulas ja V. Thurlow

  11. Villa Rohuneemes = Villa at Rohuneeme / Raivo Puusepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusepp, Raivo

    2002-01-01

    Projekteerija: Arhitektibüroo R. Puusepp. Arhitekt Raivo Puusepp, kaasa töötasid Krista Väärtnõu, Peeter Loo, Urve Konts. Haljastus: Mart Kalm, sisekujundus: Kaire Kemp, konstruktsioonid ja eriosad: A-Grupp. Projekt ja ehitus 2001. 8 ill.: plaanid, vaated

  12. Keila XVIII muinsuskaitsepäev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    15. V Keila sotsiaalkeskuse saalis Keila XVIII muinsuskaitsepäeva puhul arhitektuurile pühendatud Harjumaa muuseumi konverents. Esinevad Kaspar Kuuse, Silja Konsa, Heli Kirikal, Silvi Lindmaa-Pihlak, Mart Kalm. Avatud Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumi näitus "Eesti puitarhitektuur"

  13. Die boek is mooi uitgevoer en fraai gebonde. JONKVR. C. M. VAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    geverij W . ten Have, Amsterdam, 1950. Hier het ons n boek met n boodskap wat ernstige aandag verdien, insonderheid van die kant van ons kerklike voormanne. Dit is in kalme, rustige toon, met n seldsame oortuigingskrag, geskrywe en lees vlot. Die inhoud en verwerking van die stof getuig dwarsdeur van insig ...

  14. Ligninolytic enzyme activities in mycelium of some wild and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-12-03

    Dec 3, 2008 ... and commercial mushrooms. Erbil Kalmış. 1, İhsan Yaşa2, Fatih Kalyoncu3*, ... ligninolytic enzyme production. Key words: Basidiomycetes, enzymatic activity, lignocellulose. INTRODUCTION ... In this study, we used mycelia that belong to 19 mushroom species. (six commercial and 13 wild) to determine ...

  15. Olev Siinmaa villa ja mööbli restaureerimine : Rüütli 1a, Pärnu = Restoration of the Olev Siinmaa villa, with furniture : Rüütli 1a, Pärnu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Olev Siinmaa villa ja mööbli restaureerimist tunnustati EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2006. a. restaureerimispreemiaga. Kunstiajaloolane Mart Kalm, restauraator Aado Talimaa, sisekujundaja Taso Mähar, tellija Toomas Truuvert. Žürii liikme Lilian Hansari arvamus. Värv. välisvaade, 5 sisevaadet

  16. Tugiteenusteks kulub 350 mld USD / Kaia-Kaire Hunt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hunt, Kaia-Kaire

    2003-01-01

    Autor põhjendab, miks outsourcing ehk teenuste väljasttellimine on tänapäeval üks kiiremini arenevaid ärivaldkondi. Diagrammid: põhjused, miks ettevõtted valivad väljasttellimise ; tugiteenuste sisseostmise kriteeriumide võrdlus. Kommenteerivad Andres Kalme ja Merlis Nõgene. Vt. samas: Kokkuhoid püsikuludelt

  17. Lihtne ja avalik Kunsti väljak / Tue Hesselberg Foged ; interv. Urve Eslas, Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hesselberg Foged, Tue

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue hoone arhitektuurikonkursist. Võidutööst "Art Plaza", autorid taani arhitektid Tue Hesselberg Foged, Uffe Leth Laursen, Karsten Gori, Sinus Lynge. Paremad tööd, žürii koosseis. Kommenteerivad Mart Kalm, Endrik Mänd, Indrek Allmann, Roger Riewe

  18. Gurmee, kiirtoit ja koduköök läbisegi / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest joonistuste näitusest "Improvisatsioon" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Oma töid eksponeerivad Tõnis Vint, Evald Okas, Lembit Sarapuu, Aili Vahtrapuu, Albert Gulk, Ülle Marks, Anu Kalm, Vive Tolli, Inga Heamägi, Evi Tihemets, Mare Vint, Maria-Kristiina Ulas, Kuzja Zverev, Tiina Tammetalu jt

  19. Piimatalunik - olla või mitte olla / interv. Lii Sammler, Urve Sinisalu, Merike Pitk, Heiki Raudla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Alla 100 lehmaga väiketootjad piimatootmise võimalikkusest taludes. Vt. samas: TÜ E-Piim juhatuse esimees Jaanus Murakas: suurim riskirühm on väikesed suured; Ülo Kalm. Kaupo Kauri loodab jätkata. Arvamust avaldab Raplamaa talupidajate Liidu direktor Alvar Timmi

  20. Talunikud hakkavad vilja ahju ajama / Airi Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Airi, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Kavandatakse toetust energiakultuuride kasvatamiseks. Rapsi, samuti teravilja kütuseks kasvataja saab peale põllumajanduskultuuride kasvatamise toetust umbes 800 krooni. Teraviljaga kütmisest taludes. Taani põhukatel Tamsalus. Euroopa Parlamendi liikme Andres Tarandi arvamus. Vt. samas Ülo Kalm. Bioenergeetika pakub piiramatuid võimalusi

  1. Narva-teemaline magistritöö Pariisis / Merike Trubert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trubert, Merike

    2002-01-01

    27. XI kaitsesid prantsuse arhitektuuriüliõpilased David Trubert ja Guillaume Blanchard (1999-2001 vahetusüliõpilased EKAs) Pariisi arhitektuurikoolis (Ecole d'Architecture de Paris Val-de-Seine) Narva linnaplaneeringut käsitleva magistritöö "Narva. Urban planning for social approach". Kaitsmiskomisjoni juhataja Mart Kalm

  2. Eesti arhitektid kuurordis suvitamas : 20.-21. augustil 2005 / Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Epner, Pille

    2005-01-01

    Narva-Jõesuu sanatooriumis ja lähiümbruses toimunud Eesti Arhitektide Liidu IV suvepäevadest. Narva-Jõesuu ajaloost rääkis Epi Tohvri, ekskursiooni juhtis Mart Kalm. Seminaril "Tuleviku tehnoloogiad ja protsessid" esinenud John H. Frazeri, Inga Raukase, Dmitri Brunsi, Heiki Meose, suvepäevade peasponsori, Tšehhi klaasifirma Glaverbel esindaja Pavel Cumpeliku ettekannetest

  3. Raamat / Matis Rodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodin, Matis

    2012-01-01

    Tutvustus: Kalm, Mart. Rannalinn, seenrõdu ja viinakapp : Pärnu linnaarhitekt Olev Siinmaa. Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2012; Olander, Aare. Kadunud vaated : Tallinna muutumine enam kui 400 fotol. Tänapäev, 2012; Mälestiste restaureerimine : enne ja pärast 2005-2011 / koostanud Britta Lainevool ja Ülo Puustak. Muinsuskaitseamet, 2011

  4. Presidendi kantselei esindusruumide restaureerimine : Weizenbergi 39, Tallinn / Piret Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindpere, Piret, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Esindusruumid - riiginõukogu saal, presidendi kabinet, kesktelje hallid - projekteeris Juta Lember. Ajaloolised eritingimused: Mart Kalm. Kooti valmis 1940. a. konkursi võitnud Aarne Mõttuse vapivaip. EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2002. a. restaureerimispreemia professionaalse ja isikupärase lahenduse eest ajaloo taasloomisel ja -mõtestamisel. 5 sisevaadet

  5. Arhitektuuriaasta 2006 = The year in architecture 2006 / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2006 saanutest. Peaauhinna sai Raine Karp, restaureerimispreemia Mart Kalm ja Ado Talimaa (O. Siinmaa villa ja mööbli restaureerimine), parima arhitektuurse objekti preemia Andrus Kõresaar ja Raivo Kotov (Fahle maja), sisekujunduspreemia Tarmo Piirmets (Skype'i büroo), arhitektuurialase uurimuse preemia Mart Siilivask ("Tartu arhitektuur 1830-1918"), disainipreemia Eesti Disainerite Liit

  6. On jõulujuttude aeg / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Minu jõulujutt / [koostajad Jane Liiv, Terje Puistaja, Tiia Toomet]. Tartu : Eesti Rahva Muuseum, 2007 ; Soasepp, Tiia. PPP, ehk, Pesulõksupäkapikkude projekt. Tallinn : Koolibri, 2007 ; Toompere, Harriet. Väikese põhjapõdra uued lood / illustreerinud Anu Kalm. [Tallinn] : Varrak, 2007

  7. Lõbus linn ja kohalikud tondid / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Raamatutest: "Fun City" (Kopenhaagen : Danish Architectural Press, 2007, toimetajad: Gitte Marling, Martin Zerlang), Rein Zobel, Juhan Maiste, Mart Kalm "Toompea loss" (Tallinn : Riigikogu kantselei, 2008, eessõna: Harry Liivrand), "A10 : New European Architecture 07/08" (Amsterdam : A10 Media BV, 2007, toimetajad Hans Ibelings, Kirsten Hannema; ka kortermajast Tallinnas Koidula tänavas)

  8. RMK büroohoone = State Forest Management Centre office building / Arhitektuuribüroo Studio-3

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Riigimetsa Majandamise Keskuse bürooruumide (Toompuiestee 24, Tallinn) sisekujundusest. Autorid: Reet Põime, Liisa Põime, Anu Põime, Andres Põime, Kristi Prinzmann, Lauri Kalm, Lauri Vaimel (Studio-3). Arhitekt Ott Kadariku arvamus. Arhitektuuribüroo Studio-3 lühitutvustus

  9. CHAPTER 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Olaleye

    The effects of exposure to these EDs on pituitary and gonadal hormones in normal weight auto-mechanics in Ibadan were investigated. Ninety-nine ... also increases concentration of sex hormone binding globulin. (SHBG) (Kalme et al., 1999). ...... from heavy metals polluted river sites and its reversal using zinc. International ...

  10. Tuulelohe lend 2008 : Juhan Parts kutsus tööstureid arutelule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kokkuvõte majandusfoorumist, kus arutati Eesti majanduspoliitika ja tööstuse tulevikku. Arutlevad majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts, teadlane Endel Lippmaa, Eesti Telekomi juhatuse esimees Valdo Kalm, Eesti Arengufondi nõukogu esimees Indrek Neivelt ja AS-i Standard juhatuse esimees Enn Veskimägi

  11. Stenbocki maja rekonstrueerimine : Eesti Vabariigi Valitsuse ja Riigikantselei hoone / Peeter Tambu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tambu, Peeter

    2000-01-01

    Arhitektuurne projekt: Kalle Rõõmus AB. Arhitekt Ülle Orav. Sisekujundus: Vaikla Stuudio, sisekujundajad Ain Koit, Raja Gonestov, Angeelika Pärna, Peeter Tambu, Argo Vaikla, Katrin Vaikla. Konstruktiivne osa: ESP. Arhitektuuriajaloolised eritingimused Rasmus Kangropool, eksperdid Mart Kalm, Leila Pärtelpoeg. Hoone ajaloost. Arhitektuurne ja sisekujundusprojekt, ehitus 1996-2000, sisustusprojekt 2000. 8 ill

  12. Eramu Kakumäel = House in Kakumäe / Emil Urbel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urbel, Emil, 1959-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija Arhitektuuribüroo Urbel ja Peil. Arhitekt Emil Urbel, sisearhitekt Taso Mähar. Konstruktsioonid: Harmin AS. Haljastus: Mart Kalm. Saun on majast eraldi. Projekt 1998, valmis 1999. 5 ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, välisvaade, sisevaated

  13. Tolko poetom hotel bõt : Rastrogannost; Dozhdlivõi den; Jaanov ogon; Setumaa I-II; Tolko poetom. Haralskije zhizneopissanija : Aire Valgus; Aare Valgus; Peeter Petrov; Vaike Metsleht; Valdur Laiapea; Hillar Aruda, ekonomist; Pärja Lumendi; Valjo Z

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traat, Mats, 1936-

    1996-01-01

    Orig.: Heldimus; Sajupäev; Jaanituli; Setumaa I-II; Ainult poeet. Harala elulood: Aire Valgus; Aare Valgus; Peeter Petrov; Vaike Metsleht; Valdur Laiapea; Hillar Aruda, ökonomist; Pärja Lumendi; Valjo Zeiger; Pavlo Moskalenko; Johannes Iva; Viljar Laanemägi; Olga Kaljusaar; Aimi Vaimets; Einard Kalm (1923-1984); Sonetid vaikimisest I; Kui

  14. Loe-ära-loe! Eesti lastekirjandus 2007 / Jaanika Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Jaanika, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Hainsalu, Lehte. Rõõmuratas (TEA Kirjastus) ; Vilep, Heiki. Katus sõidab (Vilep & Vallik) ; Vaiksoo, Jaanus. Onu Heino eksis ära (Koolibri) ; Vallik, Aidi. Tirtsti ja turtsti (TEA Kirjastus) ; Trull, Ilmar. Järvevaht ja joogivesi (Eesti Ekspressi Kirjastus) ; Kassel, Riina. Kalliralli (Ilo) ; Kumberg, Krista. Autopõnn Anto lemmiktoit (Koolibri) ; Ojar, Triinu. Suur must koer = Suur must pini (Päike ja Pilv) ; Pervik, Aino. Suleline, Puhuja ja must Munk (Tänapäev) ; Tomusk, Ilmar. Tere, Volli! (Tänapäev) ; Ausman, Piia. Tähtsad asjad (Haus Galerii) ; Ulman, Mihkel. Võlur taskust (Elmatar) ; Tangsoo, Jaan. Kotermann Juko imeline reis läbi Eestimaa (Varrak) ; Made, Reet. Tuhin tiibades (Koolibri) ; Vallik, Aidi. Mis sinuga juhtus, Ann? (Tänapäev)

  15. Vana õpetaja meenutab / Valter Voole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voole, Valter

    2000-01-01

    Meenutusi koolielust pärast Teist maailmasõda. Autorid: Ilmar Oja, Ella Laaneorg, Laine Mägi, Liia Toom, Volli Mäeumbaed, Milvi Mett, Aune Ork, Aavo Lind, Rein Väljas, Toivo Pruul, Leo Tikerpuu, Lembit Sauer, Erna Kivi (Raavel), Salme Raave-Sõeruer, Ervin Norgan, Peeter Luiga, Maimo Hõbessaar, Heino Topp, Eha Remmelkoor (Türnpuu), Hermi Vain, Peeter Laredei. Meenutatakse ka koolinõunik Ernst Ennot ; Ülevaade Käinast ja president Pätsi külaskäigust. Algus: 1999, 20. nov. Järgneb 11.,18.,22.,25.,29. jaan., 1;5;8;10;15;19;26;29. veebr., 2;4;7;11;21;25. märts, 1;4;8;11;18;25;29. apr., 4;6;9;11;13;16;20;23;27;30. mai, 3;6;10;13;17;20;27. juuni, 1;4;8. juuli, 12. aug

  16. Development and Examination of Sweet Potato Flour Fortified with Indigenous Underutilized Seasonal Vegetables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Teye

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Developing nutrient-rich vegetable flour using locally under-utilized food crops in Africa would improve rural house-hold nutrition. This study seeks to develop nutrient-dense vegetable flour from different proportions of Sweet potato (Sp 40–100%, Avocado pear (Avo 10–40%, and Turkey berry (Tor 10–40%, using completely randomized design (CRD with 14 treatment combinations and three replications. The proximate composition, mineral composition, and functional properties were investigated on the composite flour. The results showed significant differences in all the parameters analyzed for the various composite flours. As the amount of Avo and Tor was added to the Sp, the proximate composition was enhanced except for the percentage carbohydrate, which decreased from 83.92 to 54.59 g/100 g. The mineral composition was also improved by the incorporation of Avo and Tor. Favourable functional properties were also obtained. The optimal composite flour was made up of 40% Sp, 35% Avo, and 25% Tor. The functional properties of the composite flours were better than the control (Sweet potato flour. Fortifying Sp flour with Avo and Tor is feasible and could be an easy and affordable means to improve rural nutrition, as it requires simple logistics for the ordinary rural household to produce the composite of the desired choice.

  17. Comparative trial of Aloe vera/olive oil combination cream versus phenytoin cream in the treatment of chronic wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panahi, Y; Izadi, M; Sayyadi, N; Rezaee, R; Jonaidi-Jafari, N; Beiraghdar, F; Zamani, A; Sahebkar, A

    2015-10-01

    Aloe vera is a medicinal plant that has been traditionally used to accelerate wound healing. Olive oil is also a natural product that may contribute to wound healing owing to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of an Aloe vera-olive oil (AVO) combination cream on the healing process of chronic wounds. In this randomised, double-blind, comparator-controlled, parallel-group trial, patients with chronic wounds were treated with either AVO cream or phenytoin cream as the standard treatment for a period of 30 days. Wound healing was evaluated using Bates-Jensen assessment tool and the severity of pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS). After initial assessment, 60 patients with chronic wounds (41 with pressure ulcer, 13 with diabetic wounds and 6 with venous ulcers), were recruited and randomised into 2 groups of 30. After 30 days of treatment, significant improvements in the wound size, depth, and edges; necrotic tissue type and amount; exudate type and amount; colour of wound surroundings; and peripheral tissue oedema score were observed in the AVO cream group (pwound healing showed significant improvement with both AVO (ptreatments reduced the initial VAS score, the efficacy of AVO was significantly greater (pwounds and helps to reduce pain severity with a higher efficacy compared with phenytoin cream.

  18. Negligible heat strain in armored vehicle officers wearing personal body armor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hunt Andrew P

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives This study evaluated the heat strain experienced by armored vehicle officers (AVOs wearing personal body armor (PBA in a sub-tropical climate. Methods Twelve male AVOs, aged 35-58 years, undertook an eight hour shift while wearing PBA. Heart rate and core temperature were monitored continuously. Urine specific gravity (USG was measured before and after, and with any urination during the shift. Results Heart rate indicated an intermittent and low-intensity nature of the work. USG revealed six AVOs were dehydrated from pre through post shift, and two others became dehydrated. Core temperature averaged 37.4 ± 0.3°C, with maximum's of 37.7 ± 0.2°C. Conclusions Despite increased age, body mass, and poor hydration practices, and Wet-Bulb Globe Temperatures in excess of 30°C; the intermittent nature and low intensity of the work prevented excessive heat strain from developing.

  19. Amplitude versus offset analysis to marine seismic data acquired in Nankai Trough, offshore Japan where methane hydrate exists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hato, M.; Inamori, T.; Matsuoka, T.; Shimizu, S.

    2003-04-01

    Occurrence of methane hydrates in the Nankai Trough, located off the south-eastern coast of Japan, was confirmed by the exploratory test well drilling conducted by Japan’s Ministry of International Trade and Industry in 1999. Confirmation of methane hydrate has given so big impact to the Japan's future energy strategy and scientific and technological interest was derived from the information of the coring and logging results at the well. Following the above results, Japan National Oil Corporation (JNOC) launched the national project, named as MH21, for establishing the technology of methane hydrate exploration and related technologies such as production and development. As one of the research project for evaluating the total amount of the methane hydrate, Amplitude versus Offset (AVO) was applied to the seismic data acquired in the Nankai Trough area. The main purpose of the AVO application is to evaluate the validity of delineation of methane hydrate-bearing zones. Since methane hydrate is thought to accompany with free-gas in general just below the methane hydrate-bearing zones, the AVO has a possibility of describing the presence of free-gas. The free-gas is thought to be located just below the base of methane hydrate stability zone which is characterized by the Bottom Simulating Reflectors (BSRs) on the seismic section. In this sense, AVO technology, which was developed as gas delineation tools, can be utilized for methane hydrate exploration. The result of AVO analysis clearly shows gas-related anomaly below the BSRs. Appearance of the AVO anomaly has so wide variety. Some of the anomalies might not correspond to the free-gas existence, however, some of them may show free-gas. We are now going to develop methodology to clearly discriminate free-gas from non-gas zone by integrating various types of seismic methods such as seismic inversion and seismic attribute analysis.

  20. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance features of mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revah, Giselle; Wu, Vincent; Huntjens, Peter R; Piekarski, Eve; Chyou, Janice Y; Axel, Leon

    2016-09-01

    Patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) can exhibit mechanical dyssynchrony which may contribute to heart failure; such patients may benefit from cardiac resynchronization treatment (CRT). While cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has become a common part of heart failure work-up, CMR features of mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with LBBB have not been well characterized. This study aims to investigate the potential of CMR to characterize mechanical features of LBBB. CMR examinations from 43 patients with LBBB on their electrocardiogram, but without significant focal structural abnormalities, and from 43 age- and gender-matched normal controls were retrospectively reviewed. The following mechanical features of LBBB were evaluated: septal flash (SF), apical rocking (AR), delayed aortic valve opening measured relative to both end-diastole (AVO ED ) and pulmonic valve opening (AVO PVO ), delayed left-ventricular (LV) free-wall contraction, and curvatures of the septum and LV free-wall. Septal displacement curves were also generated, using feature-tracking techniques. The echocardiographic findings of LBBB were also reviewed in those subjects for whom they were available. LBBB was significantly associated with the presence of SF and AR; within the LBBB group, 79 % had SF and 65 % had AR. Delayed AVO ED , AVO PVO , and delayed LV free-wall contraction were significantly associated with LBBB. AVO ED and AVO PVO positively correlated with QRS duration and negatively correlated with ejection fraction. Hearts with electrocardiographic evidence of LBBB showed lower septal-to-LV free-wall curvature ratios at end-diastole compared to normal controls. CMR can be used to identify and evaluate mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with LBBB. None of the normal controls showed the mechanical features associated with LBBB. Moreover, not all patients with LBBB showed the same degree of mechanical dyssynchrony, which could have implications for CRT.

  1. Mechanisms for increases in V˙O2max with endurance training in older and young women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murias, Juan M; Kowalchuk, John M; Paterson, Donald H

    2010-10-01

    To examine the time course and mechanisms of cardiorespiratory fitness adaptation to training in older (O) and young (Y) women. A total of six O (69 ± 7 yr) and eight Y (25 ± 5 yr) women were examined before training and after 3, 6, 9, and 12 wk of training. Training was performed on a cycle ergometer three times per week for 45 min at ∼70% of V˙O2max. V˙O2max (mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) increased within 3 wk, with further changes observed at weeks 6 and 9 in both O (17% ± 14%) and Y and also posttraining (12 wk) in Y (22% ± 6%, P P P V˙O2max from pretraining to posttraining was explained by a widened maximal a-vO2diff in O compared with almost equal increases in Q˙max and maximal a-vO2diff in Y. The early adaptations (first 3 wk) in O relied exclusively on a nonsignificant increase in Q˙max, whereas Y depended on a widened maximal a-vO2diff. Later changes in V˙O2max were explained exclusively by an improved maximal a-vO2diff in O and a larger Q˙max in Y. O and Y women displayed a different time course of training adaptation in V˙O2max, with Y (after an initial improvement in maximal a-vO2diff) depending more on changes in Q˙max and O mostly relying on a widened maximal a-vO2diff.

  2. The Iron Age and 13th-18th century Cemetery and Chapel Site of Niklusmägi : Grave Looting and Archaeology / Heiki Valk, Pikne Kama, Riina Rammo ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    2011. aastal anti arheoloogilidele vihje Niklusmäe kalme lõhkumisest. 2012. aasta suvel leidsid projekti "Arheoloogia, võim ja ühiskond" raames aset arheoloogilised päästeuuringud. Ilmnes, et kalmet oli rüüstatud 4-5 aasta jooksul. Leitud luustikest, hauapanustest. Niklusmäest Läti Henriku kroonika andmetel. Tänini räägib pärimus Lätist tulnud, Niklusmäe metsa läbivast ja Sangaste poole suunduvast sõjateest. Leiud on tõstatanud küsimusi Eesti lõunaserva matmiskommete ja etnokultuuriliste olude kohta. Kuna kalmesüdamik on rüüstatud, jäävad küsimused vastuseta

  3. Funk - iseseisvuse rikutud sümbol / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    1998-01-01

    Eesti 1930. a-te funktsionalistlike ehitiste ümberehitamisest. Ebaõnnestunud : villa Kadriorus Lahe t. 6 (arhitekt E. Lohk, ü-e arhitekt O. Zhemtshugov), maja Roosikrantsi t. 19 (E. Sacharias) ja Raua/Kreutzwaldi t. nurgal (E. Lohk, ü-e Alver Trummal Arhitektid AS), Pirita restoran (A. Jürvetson, ü-e A. Kose, A. Sisask), villa Roosikrantsi 4b (O. Siinmaa, ü-e A. Vainomäe). Õnnestunud : villa Pärnus Ringi t. 14 (O. Siinmaa, ü-e nõustab M. Kalm), Tallinna Kunstihoone (A. Soans, E. J. Kuusik), Nurme pood Vabaduse pst. 73a (E. Velbri, ü-e J. Huimerind). Arvamusi : M. Kalm, L. Lapin, J. Kuuskemaa.

  4. 2014 volcanic activity in Alaska: Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Cheryl E.; Dixon, James P.; Neal, Christina A.; Waythomas, Christopher F.; Schaefer, Janet R.; McGimsey, Robert G.

    2017-09-07

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) responded to eruptions, possible eruptions, volcanic unrest or suspected unrest, and seismic events at 18 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2014. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of intermittent ash eruptions from long-active Cleveland and Shishaldin Volcanoes in the Aleutian Islands, and two eruptive episodes at Pavlof Volcano on the Alaska Peninsula. Semisopochnoi and Akutan volcanoes had seismic swarms, both likely the result of magmatic intrusion. The AVO also installed seismometers and infrasound instruments at Mount Cleveland during 2014.

  5. 2015 Volcanic activity in Alaska—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, James P.; Cameron, Cheryl E.; Iezzi, Alexandra M.; Wallace, Kristi

    2017-09-28

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) responded to eruptions, volcanic unrest or suspected unrest, and seismic events at 14 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2015. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of continuing intermittent ash eruptions from Cleveland and Shishaldin volcanoes in the Aleutian Islands. Two eruptive episodes, at Veniaminof and Pavlof, on the Alaska Peninsula ended in 2015. During 2015, AVO re-established the seismograph network at Aniakchak, installed six new broadband seismometers throughout the Aleutian Islands, and added a Multiple component Gas Analyzer System (MultiGAS) station on Augustine.

  6. Virtual Observatories: the Future of Astronomical Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Peter J.

    There are currently several funded international efforts on the design and initial deployment of virtual observatories. The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) project is an EC supported, three year Phase-A study of a VO for European astronomy. The UK eScience ASTROGRID project is a member of the AVO consortium. Both European projects are affiliated with the US National Virtual Observatory and other international VO projects. I will outline the goals and objectives of these projects and their current status as well as key European and global milestones for the next three years.

  7. Robert Närska : Ansipi CV on teadlik partei funktsionääri karjääri valik / Robert Närska ; interv. Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Närska, Robert, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 26. okt. lk. 7. Endine Tartu linna täitevkomitee aseesimees 1988. aasta 2. veebruari sündmustest Tartus ja samal ajal toimunud kohtumisest Andrus Ansipiga, A. Ansipi seisukohtadest miilitsa tegevuse kohta; R. Närska sõnavõtust Andrus Ansipi kandideerimisel EKP Tartu rajoonikomitee II sekretäriks. Kommenteerib Andrus Ansip. Vt. samas: Anneli Ammas. Kalm: Ansip valetab, kui eitab oma kohalolu

  8. Talv 2015 = Winter 2015

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Aasta võitjad: Mart Kalm EKA rektoriks, Jaanus Samma Veneetsia biennaalil, Kris Lemsalu New Yorgi kunstimessil, Anu Vahtrale Köler Prize 2015, Raymond Pettiboni ja Marko Mäetamme isiknäitused Kumus, Katja Novitskova MoMa-s, Tanja Muravskajale Sadolini kunstipreemia, Tõnis Saadojale Konrad Mäe medal ja preemia, EKKM uued tegevjuhid on Marten Esko ja Johannes Säre, kunstnikupalka hakkavad saama viis Eesti kunstnikku

  9. Tallinna rahvaülikool ootab huvilisi osalema...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Oodatakse osalema kultuuri-, kunsti-, käsitöö- jt. kursustel. 2003. a. alustavad uued kursused: ruumikujundus, arhitektuuriajalugu, digitaalfotograafia, gobeläänpõime, jaapani ikebanakunst jm. Algab eesti rahvakunsti tutvustav loengutsükkel, täiendatud kujul jätkab tööd Laste Loovuse Stuudio. Õpetavad M. Kalm, J. Kuuskemaa, A. Raud jt. Kunstistuudiot juhivad Ü. Marks, Z. Zeilanov, S. Jõgeva, kirjakunsti kooli juhib H. Kivihall

  10. Unelmavabrikud? / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline rändnäitus "Unelmavabrikud? Tööstus ja modernism Balti mere regioonis 1945-1990" Eesti Rahva Muuseumis 15. märtsini. Eesti väljapaneku "Kolhoos kui tööstuslik põllumajandus" on koostanud Mart Kalm ja Piret Õunapuu. Anja Kervanto Nevanlinna avaettekandest 27. veebr. konverentsil "Veel kord tööstusest ja modernismist"

  11. Arhitekt Olev Siinmaa "maaletoomine" / Jüri Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lass, Jüri, 1945-

    2012-01-01

    Olev Siinmaa 100. sünniaastapäeva tähistamise ettevalmistamisest, kirjavahetusest Katariina Siinmaaga, näitusest ja seminarist 1981. a. Olev Siinmaa loomingust. Näitusest "Rannalinn, seenrõdu ja viinakapp. Pärnu linnaarhitekt Olev Siinmaa 130" Pärnu Muuseumis 11.11.-11.12.2011 ja Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis 16.02.-18.03.2012. Kuraator Mart Kalm

  12. New technology for the independent producer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-07-01

    This technology transfer conference consisted of the following six sessions: reservoir characterization; drilling, testing and completion; enhanced oil recovery; 3-d seismic and amplitude variation with offset (AVO); biotechnology for field applications; and well logging technology. Selected papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  13. Nokia ja Sirmens panevad leivad ühte kappi / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Nokia ja Siemens ühendavad võrguseadmete tootmise. Lisa: Annika Matson. Eesti võib võita uusi töökohti. Küsimustele vastab Avo Tihamäe. Diagramm: Ühinemisuudis pani aktsiad liikuma. Vt. samas: Sirje Rank. Analüütikud: Siemens võidab tehingust enam; Võrguseadmete tootjatel peal liitumistuhin

  14. Omavalitsusjuhid Riigikontrolli urgitsemist ei karda / Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Erik, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje 18. märts lk. 1,4. Poberezhje Iisaku vallavanem Avo Kiir, Kohtla-Järve linnapea Jevgeni Solovjov, Narva linnavolikogu esimees Mihhail Stalnuhhin, Jõhvi linnapea Aavo Keerme, Ida-Viru omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor Urve Erikson ja Sillamäe volikogu esimees Valdek Murd kommenteerivad valitsuses heakskiidu leidnud Riigikontrolli volituste laiendamist

  15. Eesti graafika Rio de Janeiros / Jüri Kass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kass, Jüri

    1999-01-01

    15. sept.-st Krakovi graafikatriennaali valiknäitusel Rio de Janeiro kaasaegse kunsti muuseumis esinevad Eestist Peeter Allik, Inga Heamägi, Eve Kask, Avo Keerend, Malle Leis, Ülle Marks, Raul Meel. 1997. a. Krakovi triennaalil ning sellele järgnenud sateliit- ja jätkunäitustel Eestist osalenud kunstnike loetelu.

  16. Seismic Data Processing and the Characterization of a Gas Hydrate Bearing Zone Offshore of Southwestern Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Deng

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Various seismic attributes of gas hydrate bearing sediments were analyzed in the accretionary prism offshore of southwestern Taiwan utilizing seismic imaging, velocity analysis, AVO analysis, and AVO inversion of large offset seismic data. A bottom-simulating reflector (BSR is clearly observed on the seismic section with a reversed polarity compared to that of the seabed reflection. Instantaneous amplitude sectioning clearly shows lateral variations of the BSR. The zero-phase waveform of the BSR is distinct and the weak reflectors above the BSR can be observed on the instantaneous phase section. AVO analysis shows the absolute value of the negative BSR amplitude increasing with offset. A low P-wave interval velocity layer was found below the strong BSR by detailed velocity analysis. Both the P (normal incident P-wave reflection coefficient and G (AVO gradient values are highly negative for the strong BSR on the P and G sections, and they lie in the third quadrant of the P and G cross-plot section. The P+G (reflectivity of Poisson¡¦s ratio value is also negative on the P+G section and the P-G (normal incident S-wave reflection coefficient value is approximately zero on the P-G section along the same strong BSR. All the seismic characters described above suggest that a gas hydrate layer exists together with a free gas layer below it along strong BSRs in the area offshore southwestern Taiwan.

  17. Early Atomism

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    see, there is an enormous amount of information about the world, if just a little imagination and thinking are applied. { R P Feynman. 1. Divisibility of Matter. One of the earliest ... thinking until quantitative experiments were conducted, most notably by .... factors was Avo- gadro's geographical isolation from the chemistry com-.

  18. Amplitude versus offset modeling of the bottom simulating reflection associated with submarine gas hydrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreassen, K.; Hart, P.E.; MacKay, M.

    1997-01-01

    A bottom simulating seismic reflection (BSR) that parallels the sea floor occurs worldwide on seismic profiles from outer continental margins. The BSR coincides with the base of the gas hydrate stability field and is commonly used as indicator of natural submarine gas hydrates. Despite the widespread assumption that the BSR marks the base of gas hydrate-bearing sediments, the occurrence and importance of low-velocity free gas in the sediments beneath the BSR has long been a subject of debate. This paper investigates the relative abundance of hydrate and free gas associated with the BSR by modeling the reflection coefficient or amplitude variation with offset (AVO) of the BSR at two separate sites, offshore Oregon and the Beaufort Sea. The models are based on multichannel seismic profiles, seismic velocity data from both sites and downhole log data from Oregon ODP Site 892. AVO studies of the BSR can determine whether free gas exists beneath the BSR if the saturation of gas hydrate above the BSR is less than approximately 30% of the pore volume. Gas hydrate saturation above the BSR can be roughly estimated from AVO studies, but the saturation of free gas beneath the BSR cannot be constrained from the seismic data alone. The AVO analyses at the two study locations indicate that the high amplitude BSR results primarily from free gas beneath the BSR. Hydrate concentrations above the BSR are calculated to be less than 10% of the pore volume for both locations studied.

  19. 5000 dollarit Wiiralti nimel / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Eduard Wiiralti graafikapreemia näituse kokkupanemisest ja preemiate jagamisest. Peapreemia anti Avo Keerendile, noore kunstniku preemia Ülle Marksile ja Jüri Kassile. Näitust "Eesti graafikat 1998-2001" ekponeeritakse Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus, näituse kujundaja Mari Kurismaa. Preemiat annavad välja kunstimetseenid Harry Männil ja Henry Radevall

  20. Largo mahlatööstus kolib pealinnast Võhmasse / Hans Väre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väre, Hans, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Jõustus Svensky Kaubanduse ja Largo endise omaniku, piimatööstuse Tere vaheline müügileping, mille järgi saab Svenksy Kaubandus endale kõik Largoga seonduva alates kaubamärgist ja seadmetest, lõpetades toodanguga. Arvamust avaldab Võhma linnapea Avo Põder

  1. The economics of potential reduction of the rural road system in Kansas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Benefitcost analysis was used to examine the question of road closure in the three counties. The cost of road : closure is the additional travel cost of rural residents due to more circuitous routing to their destinations. The benefit is : the avo...

  2. Catalog of earthquake hypocenters at Redoubt Volcano and Mt. Spurr, Alaska: October 12, 1989 - December 31, 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, John A.; March, Gail D.; Lahr, John C.; Jolly, Arthur D.; Cruse, Gina R.

    1993-01-01

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, began a program of seismic monitoring at potentially active volcanoes in the Cook Inlet region in 1988. Seismic monitoring of this area was previously accomplished by two independent seismic networks operated by the U.S. Geological Survey (Northern Cook Inlet) and the Geophysical Institute (Southern Cook Inlet). In 1989 the AVO seismic program consisted of three small-aperture networks of six, five, and six stations on Mt. Spurr, Redoubt Volcano, and Augustine Volcano respectively. Thirty-five other stations were operated in the Cook Inlet region as part of the AVO program. During 1990 six additional stations were added to the Redoubt network in response to eruptive activity, and three stations were installed at Iliamna Volcano. The principal objectives of the AVO program have been the seismic surveillance of the Cook Inlet volcanoes and the investigation of seismic processes associated with active volcanism.

  3. Davčnopravni vidiki stalne poslovne enote

    OpenAIRE

    Tekavčič, Branka

    2016-01-01

    Koncept stalne poslovne enote služi ugotavljanju, ali je država vira upravičena obdavčiti dobiček, ki ga je ustvarila tuja družba z opravljanjem aktivnosti na njenem ozemlju, ter predstavlja osrednji mehanizem za prerazporejanje pravic do obdavčenja med državo vira in državo rezidentstva. Izraz “stalna poslovna enota” je v petem členu Vzorčnega sporazuma OECD definiran kot stalno mesto poslovanja, prek katerega v celoti ali delno poteka poslovanje družbe. Vzorčni sporazum OECD na splošno pred...

  4. Predicting abnormal reservoir pressures using offset dependent reflectivity: theoretical considerations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Ghamdi, M.A.; Jaradet, R.A.; Thomsen, R.O. [Texas A and M University, Colege Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics

    1998-12-31

    The concept of using amplitude variations with offset (AVO) for the direct detection of hydrocarbons was introduced to the oil and gas industry in the early eighties. In the late eighties Rutherford and Williams proposed a model representing different classes in normally pressured gas sand formations. In this paper, a model for the AVO response for overpressured clastic formations is proposed based on the rationale that abnormally high pore fluid pressure leaves its own pronounced effects on clastic formations: such as abrupt increase in porosities, decrease in interval velocities, high fluid content, and lower bulk densities. The results suggest that a characteristic polarity reversal from negative to positive reflection coefficients can be observed as the offset increases. (author)

  5. The Discrete Asymptotic Behaviour of a Simple Batch Epidemic Process,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-07-14

    Lacayo and Langberg (1979), Theorem 1. 4 C ~,.. -. .- .- . . Ie di aIs.sy,, mc beavi .w f a si ,. pie bak episemi pru, 31 In some populations, it N is...smpkepidamic pem. . Appl Pink 16. 198-202. Duum. L. cAvo . IL A. LA bma N. A. (19M) GOeshm of shuimph .h ,IU. I. Appl P&n. 17(4). Cox, D. R. (196) RnmWm

  6. Tänukiri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Tulemusliku töö eest tänukirjaga autasustatud TPÜ töötajad ja külalislektorid: Angela Arraste, Cécile Eliziere, Margus Harak, Aili Kants, Edgar Karofeld, Aili Kelam, Wolf Peter Klein, Jüri Kruusvall, Marek Kuzmin, Viivi Maanso, Avo Petrauts, Anne Rooste, Helve Siivo, Leida Talts, Aili Tamm, Anu Toots, Ülo Ugaste, Urve Väljas, Paul Ruudi / allikas : TPÜ rektori käskkiri, 13. oktoober 2000

  7. Nähtamatu naise nähtav panus / Eerik Purje ; fotod: V. Sarapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Eerik, 1927-

    2006-01-01

    17. oktoobri õhtul Tartu College´i saalis toimunud pidulikust õhtust, mis oli pühendatud Vaiki Toile, esitades Roman Toi loomingut ja tähistades Romani 90. sünnipäeva. Õhtut juhtis Avo Kittask, esinesid Estonia Koor, Toronto Eesti Meeskoor, lauluansambel Helin, klaveril saatis Asta Ballstadt, koore juhatasid Margit Viia-Maiste, Ingrid Silm, Charles Kipper. Avati kunstnik Josef Milczarski portree juubilarist

  8. Eestist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Vabariigi aastapäeva tähistamisest Põlvamaal, intervjuu Miliza Korjuse tütrega, Anne Veski on Venemaal endiselt populaarne, kuhu panna laulma J. Carreras, lätlased domineerisid Valga klaveriansamblite festivalil, Rein Rannapi kontserdi järelkajad Järvamaal ja Virumaal, Viruma orkestritest,Avo Tamme laulud, mitmest huvitavast muusikust maakondades, Saaremaa folkloristide ettevõtmistest ja rahvapilliõpetusest lastele Viljandis, kitarristidest-muuikutest ja Viljandi kontseriuudiseid

  9. Eesti üksus testib Rootsis võimekust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Eesti annab esimest korda Põhjala lahingugruppi kasutusse tsiviil-militaarkoostöö üksuse, mis testib Rootsis oma tegutsemisvalmidust kaks nädalat kestval õppusel "Joint Action 14". Üksuse ülema major Avo Aljase sõnul on tsiviil-militaarkoostöö üksus pidanud õppusel harjutama koostööd nii kohaliku kiirabi, politsei kui ka sõjaväepolitseiga

  10. Mangiferin and naringenin affect the photostability and phototoxicity of sunscreens containing avobenzone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawakami, Camila Martins; Gaspar, Lorena Rigo

    2015-10-01

    Efficient UV-absorbing molecules are designed to protect against UV-light exposure. However, the development of photostable sunscreens is important to preserve the photoprotective efficacy and to prevent the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and photodegradation products, which can promote phototoxic or photoallergic contact dermatitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mangiferin and naringenin on the photostability and phototoxicity of sunscreens containing avobenzone. Cosmetic sunscreen formulations containing octocrylene (OCT), octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC) and avobenzone (AVO) were prepared and supplemented or not with mangiferin, naringenin, or with both compounds in combination. For photostability studies, samples of the formulations were spread onto glass plates, exposed to UVA radiation and then analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine UV filters and the antioxidants recovery. The phototoxicity of the UV filters and antioxidants was evaluated using 3T3 fibroblast cultures that were subjected (or not) to irradiation according to OECD TG 432. The photostability studies demonstrated that AVO and naringenin showed the highest photodegradation when present in formulation FN (containing octocrylene, avobenzone, octyl methoxycinnamate and naringenin). The addition of mangiferin to this combination (FMN) resulted in an improved photostability of both substances compared to FN. The in vitro phototoxicity test showed that only avobenzone was considered phototoxic. The combination containing AVO/naringenin exhibited phototoxic potential; however, this was reduced by the addition of mangiferin (combination CMN). The results of this study are promising because it was demonstrated that mangiferin could increase the photostability and reduce the phototoxic potential of the combination of naringenin and AVO. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. 10 arhitekti Kunstisalongis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1986-01-01

    23. dets. 1982 - 9. jaan. 1983 toimus Tallinna Kunstisalongis kümne arhitekti grupinäitus. Eksponeeriti joonistusi, skitse ja fotosid. Näitusel osalejad püüdsid anda läbilõike oma tööprotsessist, mõtisklustest ja loomemeeleoludest. Näitusel osalesid: Toomas Rein, Veljo Kaasik, Vilen Künnapu, Ain Padrik, Jüri Okas, Ignar Fjuk, Jaan Ollik, Avo-Himm Looveer, Tiit Kaljundi ja Leonhard Lapin,

  12. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: 891124N1. 10202 Alsys Limited AlsyCOMP 017 V4.3 MicroVAX II host and INMOS T222 Transputer Implemented on a B416 TRAM (bare), using an IBM PC/AT Under MS-DOS 3.1 Running INMOS Iserver V1.41 for File-Server Support via a CAPLIN QTO Board Link

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-24

    that all statements set forth in this report are accurate and complete, or that the subject compiler has no nonconformities to the Ada Standard other...translators, and interpreters. Failed test An ACVC test for which the compiler generates a result that demonstrates nonconformity to the Ada Standard...standard input/output files, but this is not supported by this implementation which raises USEERROR. This behaviour is accepted by the AVO pending a

  13. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: 890623N1. 10107, Alsys Limited, AlsyCOMP 037 V4.0, INMOS T800 Transputer on a B405 TRAM (Bare) with an INMOS B008 Communications Link Implemented in an IBM PC/AT (Under MS-DOS 3.1 and INMOS Iserver V1.30)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-23

    subject compiler has no nonconformities to the Ada Standard other than those presented. Copies of this report are available to the public from: Ada...result that demonstrates nonconformity to the Ada Standard. Host The computer on which the compiler resides. Inapplicable test An ACVC test that uses...implementation which raises USEERROR. This behaviour is accepted by the AVO pending a ruling by the language maintenance body. ap. CE3605A is inapplicable

  14. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: No. 890531N1.10087. Alsys Limited, AlsyCOMP 017 V4.0 MicroVAX II Host and INMOS T425 Implemented on a B403 TRAM Target. Completion of On-Site Testing 31 May 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-31

    this report are accurate and complete, or that the subject compiler has no nonconformities to the Ada Standard other than those presented. Copies of...test An ACVC test for which the compiler generates a result that demonstrates nonconformity to the Ada Standard. Host The computer on which the... behaviour is accepted by the AVO pending a ruling by the language maintenance body. ap. CE3605A is inapplicable because this test attempts to output a

  15. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number 890531N1. 10088 Alsys Limited AlsyCOMP 017 V4.0 MicroVAX II Host and INMOS T800 Implemented on a B403 TRAM Target

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-31

    warrant that all statements set forth in this report are accurate and complete, or that the subject compiler has no nonconformities to the Ada...compilers, translators, and interpreters. Failed test An ACVC test for which the compiler generates a result that demonstrates nonconformity to the Ada...This behaviour is accepted by the AVO pending a ruling by the language maintenance body. ap. CE3605A is inapplicable because this test attempts to

  16. Fiber Optic Chemical Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-01

    Serum Cholesterol by Near-infrared Reflectance Spectrometry," Analytical Chemistry, 59, AIS, 1816-1819, 1987. Pranitis, David M. and Meyerhoff, Mark...Bertrand, Dominique and Devaux, Marie Franciose, "Multivariate Analysis Applied to Near-Infrared Spectra of Milk ," Analytical Chemistry, 59, AIS, 2187...of Integrated Data Analysis Software in Drug Cevelopment," American Laboratory, AVO, AIS, 89-91, 1989. Cowe , Ian A.; McNicol, James W. and Cuthbertson

  17. "Ekstaas" Tartus / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2006-01-01

    Kuraator kuni 12. XI Tartu Kunstimajas avatud Eesti Vabagraafikute Ühenduse aastanäitusest "Ekstaas. Hommage a Herman Talvik". Näituse kujundaja Loit Jõekalda. Evi Tihemetsa, Maria-Kristiina Ulase, Silvi Liiva, Virge Jõekalda, Marje Üksise, Mare Vindi, Avo Keerendi, Enno Ootsingu, Reti Saksa, Inga Heamäe, Jaak Visnapi, Urmas Viigi, Ülle Marksi, Jüri Kassi, Peeter Alliku, Andrus Kasemaa, Naima Neidre ja Marko Nautrase töödest

  18. Can radical parametrectomy be omitted in occult cervical cancer after extrafascial hysterectomy?

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Huai-wu; Li, Jing; Liu, Yun-yun; Liu, Chang-hao; Xu, Guo-Cai; Xie, Ling-Ling; Wu,Miao-fang; Lin, Zhong-qiu

    2015-01-01

    Background Occult invasive cervical cancer discovered after simple hysterectomy is not common, radical parametrectomy (RP) is a preferred option for young women. However, the morbidity of RP was high. The aim of our study is to assess the incidence of parametrial involvement in patients who underwent radical parametrectomy for occult cervical cancer or radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer and to suggest an algorithm for the triage of patients with occult cervical cancer to avo...

  19. IT ei loe / Nicholas G. Carr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Carr, Nicholas G.

    2003-01-01

    Harvard Business Review endise toimetaja arvates on infotehnoloogia (IT) strateegiline tähtsus ettevõtetes oluliselt vähenenud ning innovaatilised IT lahendused ei anna enam konkurentsieeliseid, mille tõttu peab muutuma ka juhtide suhtumine IT riskidesse, investeeringutesse ja juhtimisse. Vt. samas: Kuidas vältida üleinvesteerimist IT-sse?; Liiga palju head; Mis saab müüjatest?; Uued reeglid IT juhtimises. Kommenteerivad Henn Sarv, Avo Kokk, Olli Heinonen ja Jüri Kaljundi

  20. Novel perspectives in wood certification and forensics: dry wood as a source of DNA.

    OpenAIRE

    Deguilloux, Marie-France; Pemonge, Marie-Hélène; Petit, Rémy J.

    2002-01-01

    The importance of wood for human societies can hardly be understated. If dry wood were amenable to molecular genetic investigations, this could lead to major applications in wood forensics, certification, archaeology and palaeobotany. To evaluate the potential of wood for molecular genetic investigations, we have attempted to isolate and amplify, by PCR, DNA fragments of increasing size corresponding to all three plant genomes from different regions of 10 oak logs. Stringent procedures to avo...

  1. Stability and Stabilization of Omega-3 Oils as such and in Selected Foods

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobsen, Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    The application of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in foods has increased dramatically during the last decade due to the increasing awareness about the health beneficial effects of these fatty acids. Due to their polyunsaturated nature omega-3 PUFA are highly susceptible to lipid oxidation, which will lead to formation of undesirable fishy and rancid off-flavours. Such off-flavours can lead to consumer rejection of omega-3 enriched foods. Important issues to address in order to avo...

  2. Proceedings of the U.S. Army Symposium on Gun Dynamics (4th) Held at Riviera Beach, Florida on 7-9 May 1985. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    ioll - tile very trsk ont- hopee -’.o avo~il in cewcluuio!1, corf.plete valtdation requirc-r) niesurcaeat of displacv-ment &rxd rotacion . That the...34, APdJAL’GCOM tC .G’l,,Benevt Welapons labor ):.tory, Watervliet, NY, V-3i CHUI cmi June 1979. 2. Boresi, A. P., "A Review of Selected Works on Gun

  3. Monitoring changes in VO2max via the Polar FT40 in female collegiate soccer players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esco, Michael R; Snarr, Ronald L; Williford, Hank N

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine if the Polar FT40 could accurately track changes in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) in a group of female soccer players. Predicted VO2max (pVO2max) via the Polar FT40 and observed VO2max (aVO2max) from a maximal exercise test on a treadmill were determined for members of a collegiate soccer team (n = 20) before and following an 8-week endurance training protocol. Predicted (VO2max and aVO2max measures were compared at baseline and within 1 week post-training. Change values (i.e., the difference between pre to post) for each variable were also determined and compared. There was a significant difference in aVO2max (pre = 43.6 ± 2.4 ml · kg · min(-1), post = 46.2 ± 2.4 ml · kg · min(-1), P VO2max following 8 weeks of endurance training in female collegiate soccer players.

  4. Cryo-EM structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae target of rapamycin complex 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karuppasamy, Manikandan; Kusmider, Beata; Oliveira, Taiana M; Gaubitz, Christl; Prouteau, Manoel; Loewith, Robbie; Schaffitzel, Christiane

    2017-11-23

    The target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase assembles into two distinct multiprotein complexes, conserved across eukaryote evolution. In contrast to TOR complex 1 (TORC1), TORC2 kinase activity is not inhibited by the macrolide rapamycin. Here, we present the structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae TORC2 determined by electron cryo-microscopy. TORC2 contains six subunits assembling into a 1.4 MDa rhombohedron. Tor2 and Lst8 form the common core of both TOR complexes. Avo3/Rictor is unique to TORC2, but interacts with the same HEAT repeats of Tor2 that are engaged by Kog1/Raptor in mammalian TORC1, explaining the mutual exclusivity of these two proteins. Density, which we conclude is Avo3, occludes the FKBP12-rapamycin-binding site of Tor2's FRB domain rendering TORC2 rapamycin insensitive and recessing the kinase active site. Although mobile, Avo1/hSin1 further restricts access to the active site as its conserved-region-in-the-middle (CRIM) domain is positioned along an edge of the TORC2 active-site-cleft, consistent with a role for CRIM in substrate recruitment.

  5. Aortic Valve Morphology Correlates With Left Ventricular Systolic Function and Outcome in Children With Congenital Aortic Stenosis Prior to Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Kevin; Sachdeva, Ritu; Goldstein, Bryan H; Lang, Sean; Petit, Christopher J

    2016-09-01

    We sought to determine the relationship between aortic valve morphology and left ventricular (LV) systolic function in children with aortic stenosis (AS) prior to balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). Both aortic valve morphology and LV systolic function have been linked with outcomes in children with congenital AS undergoing BAV. The relationship between aortic valve morphology and LV function is poorly defined despite their importance in regard to outcomes. We performed a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 89 AS patients who underwent BAV between 2007-2013. Pre-BAV echocardiograms were analyzed for: aortic valve opening (AVO); aortic valve type (true bicuspid, functionally bicuspid, or unicuspid); maximal raphe length; aortic valve leaflet symmetry; and valve angle of excursion. The primary endpoint was low function, defined as LV shortening fraction (LVSF) aortic valve mean gradient was 47.00 mm Hg (IQR, 36.75-56.00 mm Hg). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that low AVO (P=.03) was associated with reduced LV function, independent of age or aortic valve gradient (R² = .652). Bicuspid aortic valve (P=.07) was associated with improved LV function compared with functionally unicuspid aortic valve. Low AVO stenosis. Qualitative aspects such as valve type may also affect LV systolic function. Further study may elucidate whether aortic valve morphology or LV function is the principal predictor of response to BAV and of late outcomes after BAV.

  6. Alaska Volcano Observatory at 20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichelberger, J. C.

    2008-12-01

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) was established in 1988 in the wake of the 1986 Augustine eruption through a congressional earmark. Even within the volcanological community, there was skepticism about AVO. Populations directly at risk in Alaska were small compared to Cascadia, and the logistical costs of installing and maintaining monitoring equipment were much higher. Questions were raised concerning the technical feasibility of keeping seismic stations operating through the long, dark, stormy Alaska winters. Some argued that AVO should simply cover Augustine with instruments and wait for the next eruption there, expected in the mid 90s (but delayed until 2006), rather than stretching to instrument as many volcanoes as possible. No sooner was AVO in place than Redoubt erupted and a fully loaded passenger 747 strayed into the eruption cloud between Anchorage and Fairbanks, causing a powerless glide to within a minute of impact before the pilot could restart two engines and limp into Anchorage. This event forcefully made the case that volcano hazard mitigation is not just about people and infrastructure on the ground, and is particularly important in the heavily traveled North Pacific where options for flight diversion are few. In 1996, new funding became available through an FAA earmark to aggressively extend volcano monitoring far into the Aleutian Islands with both ground-based networks and round-the-clock satellite monitoring. Beyond the Aleutians, AVO developed a monitoring partnership with Russians volcanologists at the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The need to work together internationally on subduction phenomena that span borders led to formation of the Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP) consortium. JKASP meets approximately biennially in Sapporo, Petropavlovsk, and Fairbanks. In turn, these meetings and support from NSF and the Russian Academy of Sciences led to new international education and

  7. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

    2001-12-01

    This annual technical progress report is for part of Task 4 (site evaluation), Task 5 (2D seismic design, acquisition, and processing), and Task 6 (2D seismic reflection, interpretation, and AVO analysis) on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford Site. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM, it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as a monitoring tool to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. The second deployment is to the Department of Defense (DOD) Charleston Naval Weapons Station Solid Waste Management Unit 12 (SWMU-12), Charleston, SC to further test the technique to detect high concentrations of DNAPL. The Charleston Naval Weapons Station SWMU-12 site was selected in consultation with National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and DOD Naval Facilities Engineering Command Southern Division (NAVFAC) personnel. Based upon the review of existing data and due to the shallow target depth, the project team collected three Vertical Seismic Profiles (VSP) and an experimental P-wave seismic reflection line. After preliminary data analysis of the VSP data and the experimental reflection line data, it was decided to proceed with Task 5 and Task 6. Three high resolution P-wave reflection profiles were collected with two objectives; (1) design the reflection survey to image a target depth of 20 feet below land surface to assist in determining the geologic controls on the DNAPL plume geometry, and (2) apply AVO analysis to the seismic data to locate the zone of high concentration of DNAPL. Based upon the results of the data processing and interpretation of the seismic data, the project team was able to map the channel that is controlling the DNAPL plume

  8. Advancing New 3D Seismic Interpretation Methods for Exploration and Development of Fractured Tight Gas Reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James Reeves

    2005-01-31

    In a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and GeoSpectrum, Inc., new P-wave 3D seismic interpretation methods to characterize fractured gas reservoirs are developed. A data driven exploratory approach is used to determine empirical relationships for reservoir properties. Fractures are predicted using seismic lineament mapping through a series of horizon and time slices in the reservoir zone. A seismic lineament is a linear feature seen in a slice through the seismic volume that has negligible vertical offset. We interpret that in regions of high seismic lineament density there is a greater likelihood of fractured reservoir. Seismic AVO attributes are developed to map brittle reservoir rock (low clay) and gas content. Brittle rocks are interpreted to be more fractured when seismic lineaments are present. The most important attribute developed in this study is the gas sensitive phase gradient (a new AVO attribute), as reservoir fractures may provide a plumbing system for both water and gas. Success is obtained when economic gas and oil discoveries are found. In a gas field previously plagued with poor drilling results, four new wells were spotted using the new methodology and recently drilled. The wells have estimated best of 12-months production indicators of 2106, 1652, 941, and 227 MCFGPD. The latter well was drilled in a region of swarming seismic lineaments but has poor gas sensitive phase gradient (AVO) and clay volume attributes. GeoSpectrum advised the unit operators that this location did not appear to have significant Lower Dakota gas before the well was drilled. The other three wells are considered good wells in this part of the basin and among the best wells in the area. These new drilling results have nearly doubled the gas production and the value of the field. The interpretation method is ready for commercialization and gas exploration and development. The new technology is adaptable to conventional lower cost 3D seismic surveys.

  9. Determination of seismic anisotropy parameters from multicomponent vertical seismic profiles for improved seismic imaging and reservoir characterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamimi, Naser

    Multicomponent vertical seismic profile (VSP) data can be used to determine seismic anisotropy more accurately. First, I modify the slowness-polarization method by including both P- and SV-wave data for estimating the anisotropy parameters delta and eta of VTI (transversely isotropic with vertical symmetry axis) media. Then I apply the technique to a multicomponent VSP dataset from the Wattenberg Field in Colorado, USA. The importance of the derived anisotropic velocity model from the joint P- and SV- wave slowness-polarization method for reservoir characterization at the Wells Ranch VSP area is: 1) identifying the possible existence of open fracture networks in the Niobrara Formation at the VSP well location, 2) improving the quality of the Niobrara Formation image which is vital for future drilling programs, 3) accurately depicting the structure in the well vicinity and finally 4) determining elastic properties of the Niobrara reservoir. To identify the existence of open fracture networks, azimuthal AVO response of top of the Niobrara Formation at the VSP well is analyzed. To correct the azimuthal AVO response for propagation phenomena, using the anisotropic velocity model from the joint slowness- polarization method, I modified the moveout-based anisotropic spreading correction (MASC) technique for the VSP data. The azimuthal AVO analysis shows very weak azimuthal anisotropy at the top of Niobrara Formation near the VSP well. This result indicates the lack of open natural fractures at the Niobrara Formation in this area and explains the low production associated with the well. In addition, I used the anisotropic velocity model obtained from the joint slowness-polarization method to build a 2D VSP image. Comparing the final VSP images using the isotropic and anisotropic velocity models with well data shows that the anisotropic image is more accurately depicted and if inverted would give more robust elastic parameter definition.

  10. Areeni aasta album. Isiklikud edetabelid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Areen jagas punkte heliplaatidele: 1. The Streets "Original Pirate Material" 2. Common "Electric Circus" 3. Flaming Lips "Yoshimi Battles The Pink Robots" 4. DJ Shadow "Private Press" 5. Peven Everett "Studio Confessions" 6. Andrew WK "I Get Wet" 7. Underworld "A Hundred Days Off" 8.-9. Felix Da Housecat "Kittenz and Thee Glitz" 10. X-Press 2 "Muzikizum" 11. The Music "The Music" 12.-13. The Datsuns "The Datsuns" 12. 13 Peshay "Fuzion" 14. High Contrast "True Colours" 15. Tallinn 73 meets Kalm "Autopiloot" 16. Koop "Waltz For Koop" 17.-18. Death In Vegas "Scorpio Rising" 17.-18. A "Hi-Fi-Serious" 19.-20. Arto Lindsay "Invoke" 19.-20. Akufen "My Way". Isiklikud edetabelid Tõnu Kaalepilt, Marek Kallinilt, Erkki Luukilt, Tõnis Kahult, Raul Saaremetsalt, Siim Nestorilt, Koit Raudsepalt, Erik Mornalt, Mart Juurelt ja Märt Milterilt

  11. The impact of renewable energy sources on global climate change

    OpenAIRE

    Güner, Esra Deniz; Turan, Emine Su

    2017-01-01

    Sanayileşme sürecinin bir sonucu olarak 1870’li yıllardan bu yana, fosil yakıtların kullanımındaki artışla birlikte insanlık, küresel iklim değişikliği sorunuyla yüzleşmek zorunda kalmıştır. Bu sorun gelişmişlik düzeyinden bağımsız olarak dünya ülkelerinin hemen hepsini ciddi oranda etkilemektedir. Yenilenebilir enerji veya alternatif enerji kaynakları son yıllarda savunulmakta olup, doğayı koruma üzerine en fazla uzlaşı sağlamış önerme olarak öne çıkmaktadır. Küresel ısınma, iklim d...

  12. Neivelt : olen vaba mees / Indrek Neivelt ; interv. Inno Tähismaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neivelt, Indrek, 1967-

    2005-01-01

    Hansapanga kauaaegne juht Indrek Neivelt põhjendab oma ametist lahkumist kui ühe etapi läbisaamist oma karjääris. Lisa: Hansapanga areng Neivelti juhtimisel. Vt. samas: Indrek Neivelt põhjendas eile oma ametist lahkumist uue ajastu algusega Hansapangas; Erkki Raasuke: teisi lahkujaid praegu pole; Peeter Raidla. Hansapank oli Neivelti esimene tõsine töökoht; Kadi Heinsalu. Hansapanga töötajaid tabas uudis Indrek Neivelti lahkumisest ootamatult; Lauri Matsulevitsh. Jüri Mõis: Indrek polnud hea käsutäitja; Annika Matson. Hansapanga väikeaktsionärid veetsid koosoleku mornis meeleolus; Swedbank otsustas Hansapanga dividendid salve jätta. Kommenteerivad: Andrus Ansip, Vahur Kraft, Edgar Savisaar, Meelis Milder, Kuldar Leis, Mihkel Oviir, Valdo Kalm, Joakim Helenius, Mati Jostov, Rein Kilk, Cardo Remmel, Urmas Sõõrumaa, Oliver Kruuda

  13. Predicting and validating the motion of an ash cloud during the 2006 eruption of Mount Augustine volcano

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Richard L.; Fochesatto, Javier; Sassen, Kenneth; Webley, Peter W.; Atkinson, David E.; Dean, Kenneson G.; Cahill, Catherine F.; Mizutani, Kohei

    2007-01-01

    On 11 January 2006, Mount Augustine volcano in southern Alaska began erupting after 20- year repose. The Anchorage Forecast Office of the National Weather Service (NWS) issued an advisory on 28 January for Kodiak City. On 31 January, Alaska Airlines cancelled all flights to and from Anchorage after multiple advisories from the NWS for Anchorage and the surrounding region. The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) had reported the onset of the continuous eruption. AVO monitors the approximately 100 active volcanoes in the Northern Pacific. Ash clouds from these volcanoes can cause serious damage to an aircraft and pose a serious threat to the local communities, and to transcontinental air traffic throughout the Arctic and sub-Arctic region. Within AVO, a dispersion model has been developed to track the dispersion of volcanic ash clouds. The model, Puff, was used operational by AVO during the Augustine eruptive period. Here, we examine the dispersion of a volcanic ash (or aerosol) cloud from Mount Augustine across Alaska from 29 January through the 2 February 2006. We present the synoptic meteorology, the Puff predictions, and measurements from aerosol samplers, laser radar (or lidar) systems, and satellites. Aerosol samplers revealed the presence of volcanic aerosols at the surface at sites where Puff predicted the ash clouds movement. Remote sensing satellite data showed the development of the ash cloud in close proximity to the volcano consistent with the Puff predictions. Two lidars showed the presence of volcanic aerosol with consistent characteristics aloft over Alaska and were capable of detecting the aerosol, even in the presence of scattered clouds and where the ash cloud is too thin/disperse to be detected by remote sensing satellite data. The lidar measurements revealed the different trajectories of ash consistent with the Puff predictions. Dispersion models provide a forecast of volcanic ash cloud movement that might be undetectable by any other means but are

  14. La psicología del equipo deportivo : cooperación y rendimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Mas, Alexandre

    1994-01-01

    Este artículo pretende situar mínimamente la psicología de un equipo deportivo en cuanto a sus parámetros fundamentales, principalmente los propios de la relación grupo-equipo, así como los factores que intervienen directamente en el funcionamiento de un equipo deportivo. Asimismo, esta introducción pretende servir de presentación a los siguientes artículos de este Dossier, que se corresponden con el Symposium sobre Psicología del Fútbol que tuvo lugar durante el 23avo. Congreso Internacional...

  15. Kvadroraadio 40 / Margo Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Margo, 1961-

    2017-01-01

    40 aastat tagasi edastas Eesti Raadio eetrisse esimese kvadrofoonilise otsesaate tollases Nõukogude Liidus. Sündmust meenutavad psühholoog ja elektroonikainsener, tollane Vabariikliku Raadio- ja Telekeskuse sektori juhataja Avo-Rein Tereping ning mitu häält aegade tagant: ENSV Raadio ja Televisiooni Komitee esimehe esimene asetäitja Aado Slutsk, raadio- ja muusikaajakirjanik Virve Normet, Eesti Raadio programmi peadirektori asetäitja Hannes Valdma, reporter Toivo Makk, aastail 1975-1981 raadio muusikasaadete peatoimetajana töötanud tšellist Toomas Velmet ning loodusemees Fred Jüssi

  16. Vasserman ja Keerend rahvusvahelistel näitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    17. VI-2. IX Kanada Quebeci provintsis Trois-Riviere'is toimuval II rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil osaleb Benjamin Vasserman 7 graafilise lehega. Peapreemia - Tomoya Uchida graafiline sari "Nest". Valiknäituse "Triennial of One Hundred Cities" esimesel väljapanekul Dzierzoniowis osalesid Avo Keerend ja B. Vasserman, A. Keerendi töö "Vastasseis XII" on avaldatud näituse bukleti esikaanel. Itaalias Pisas 7.-14. VII toimunud III ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "ITART 2001" pälvis B. Vassermani "Finalist" diplomi ja õiguse osaleda finalistide preemianäitusel Livornos.

  17. VPLIVI NOVEGA KAPITALSKEGA SPORAZUMA PRI KREDITIRANJU MALIH IN SREDNJIH PODJETIJ V NOVI KBM

    OpenAIRE

    Hojs, Metka

    2009-01-01

    Podjetniki, ki so prerasli fazo ustanovitve v svojem življenjskem ciklu in so v fazi razvoja in rasti podjetja, so svoje največje težave pri poslovanju strnili v dve ključni točki. Pri širitvi poslovanja kot prvo težavo navajajo pridobitev ustreznih kadrov. Zanimivo je, da je bil v raziskavi o financiranju MSP v Sloveniji leta 2002 ta problem izpostavljen kot bolj žgoč od pričakovanega, ki bi naj bil največji pri razvoju podjetja, to je financiranje. Podjetniki so težave pri dostopu do virov ...

  18. Optimiranje zalog nepovratne embalaže

    OpenAIRE

    Frančeškin, Uroš

    2015-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je opisana optimizacija zalog nepovratne embalaže v podjetju Mahle Letrika d.o.o. Največjo težavo predstavlja sama prostorska stiska in neustrezni način skladiščenja embalaže. Zaradi tega je bilo treba poiskati ustreznejšo dolgoročno rešitev. V prvem delu diplomske naloge so podrobneje predstavljene zvrsti embalaže in njeni dobavitelji. Sledi pregled planiranja porabe, naročanja in dobav nepovratne embalaže. V osrednjem delu diplomske naloge je predstavljenih več izbolj...

  19. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelistel näitustel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Inga Heamägi ja Benjamin Vasserman osalevad 3. X-4. XII Bangkokis rahvusvahelisel graafika ja joonistuste näitusel "Interprint". Peapreemia - Katarina Vavrova Slovakkiast. 2003. a. Krakovi graafikatriennaalil pälvis peapreemia Davida Kidd Kanadast, aupeapreemia Toshihiro Hamano Jaapanist, Saksa panga preemia Eve Kask, Eestist osalevad näitusel I. Heamägi, Avo Keerend, Silvi Liiva, Ülle Marks ja Jüri Kass, Vive Tolli, Kelli Valk (Kagovere), B. Vasserman, näitusel "Intergrafia 2003" Niepolomice muuseumis osalevad Eestist A. Keerend, Peeter Laurits, Ü. Marks ja J. Kass, Andres Tali, V. Tolli, B. Vasserman, Vello Vinn

  20. Press Meeting 20 January 2003: First Light for Europe's Virtual Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-12-01

    Imagine you are an astronomer with instant, fingertip access to all existing observations of a given object and the opportunity to sift through them at will. In just a few moments, you can have information on all kinds about objects out of catalogues all over the world, including observations taken at different times. Over the next two years this scenario will become reality as Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) develops. Established only a year ago (cf. ESO PR 26/01), the AVO already offers astronomers a unique, prototype research tool that will lead the way to many outstanding new discoveries. Journalists are invited to a live demonstration of the capabilities of this exciting new initiative in astronomy. The demonstration will take place at the Jodrell Bank Observatory in Manchester, in the United Kingdom, on 20 January 2003, starting at 11:00. Sophisticated AVO tools will help scientists find the most distant supernovae - objects that reveal the cosmological makeup of our Universe. The tools are also helping astronomers measure the rate of birth of stars in extremely red and distant galaxies. Journalists will also have the opportunity to discuss the project with leading astronomers from across Europe. The new AVO website has been launched today, explaining the progress being made in this European Commission-funded project: URL: http://www.euro-vo.org/ To register your intention to attend the AVO First Light Demonstration, please provide your name and affiliation by January 13, 2003, to: Ian Morison, Jodrell Bank Observatory (full contact details below). Information on getting to the event is included on the webpage above. Programme for the AVO First Light Demonstration 11:00 Welcome, Phil Diamond (University of Manchester/Jodrell Bank Observatory) 11:05 Short introduction to Virtual Observatories, Piero Benvenuti (ESA/ST-ECF) 11:15 Q&A 11:20 Short introduction to the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory, Peter Quinn (ESO) 11:30 Q&A 11:35 Screening of

  1. 1970. aastatel alustas arhitektidest sõprade ja kolleegide rühm... / Mari Laanemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemets, Mari, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    27.VI avatakse Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis Rotermanni soolalaos 1970. ja 1980. alguse eksperimentaalset arhitektuuripraktikat käsitlev näitus "Keskkond, objektid, kontseptsioonid. Tallinna kooli arhitektid 1972-1985". Näha saab Ülevi Eljandi, Ignar Fjuki, Veljo Kaasiku, Tiit Kaljundi, Vilen Künnapu, Leonhard Lapini, Avo-Himm Looveere, Kristin-Mari Looveere, Marika Lõokese, Jüri Okase, Jaan Olliku, Ain Padriku, Toomas Reinu, Andres Ringo, Sirje Runge, Harry Sheini, Tõnis Vindi ja Matti Õunapuu töid. Näituse kuraatorid Andres Kurg ja Mari Laanemets. Samas: "Uue arhitektuuri näituse programm" (1972)

  2. PP and PS joint inversion with a posterior constraint and with particle filtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Jing; Wang, Yanfei

    2017-12-01

    The Bayesian framework works well in amplitude versus offset (AVO) inversion, which merges multi-information together to generate posterior distributions of P-wave velocity, S-wave velocity and density. Most existing AVO inversion methods utilize PP reflection seismic data to predict the three elastic parameters. These methods are not usually sensitive to S-wave velocity and density, which make the inversion methods inaccurate and unstable. One way of solving these problems is to perform PP and PS joint inversion by incorporating PS seismic data. Another way is to provide a relatively accurate prior model. In this paper, we apply a particle filtering technique to produce a prior model for the PP and PS joint inversion. In the Bayesian inversion setting, the prior model works as the regularization term. Particle filtering is a Bayesian recursive method that combines prior information with observed data to provide a posterior constraint to reduce the joint inversion’s uncertainty. We generate synthetic models with different signal-to-noise ratios to validate our new method. Comparisons are provided with the traditional joint inversion, which adopts the Gaussian prior model. The inversion results show that the three elastic parameters are retrieved well when the signal-to-noise ratios are high. As the signal-to-noise ratio reduces, our new method can depict more detailed changes than the traditional inversion method, and improves the inversion accuracy apparent in the target layers.

  3. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples; Jerome Eyer

    2001-05-01

    The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute, University of South Carolina is conducting a 14 month proof of concept study to determine the location and distribution of subsurface Dense Nonaqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) carbon tetrachloride (CCl{sub 4}) contamination at the 216-Z-9 crib, 200 West area, Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site, Washington by use of two-dimensional high resolution seismic reflection surveys and borehole geophysical data. The study makes use of recent advances in seismic reflection amplitude versus offset (AVO) technology to directly detect the presence of subsurface DNAPL. The techniques proposed are a noninvasive means towards site characterization and direct free-phase DNAPL detection. This report covers the results of Task 3 and change of scope of Tasks 4-6. Task 1 contains site evaluation and seismic modeling studies. The site evaluation consists of identifying and collecting preexisting geological and geophysical information regarding subsurface structure and the presence and quantity of DNAPL. The seismic modeling studies were undertaken to determine the likelihood that an AVO response exists and its probable manifestation. Task 2 is the design and acquisition of 2-D seismic reflection data designed to image areas of probable high concentration of DNAPL. Task 3 is the processing and interpretation of the 2-D data. Task 4, 5, and 6 were designing, acquiring, processing, and interpretation of a three dimensional seismic survey (3D) at the Z-9 crib area at 200 west area, Hanford.

  4. A new 28Si single crystal: counting the atoms for the new kilogram definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartl, G.; Becker, P.; Beckhoff, B.; Bettin, H.; Beyer, E.; Borys, M.; Busch, I.; Cibik, L.; D'Agostino, G.; Darlatt, E.; Di Luzio, M.; Fujii, K.; Fujimoto, H.; Fujita, K.; Kolbe, M.; Krumrey, M.; Kuramoto, N.; Massa, E.; Mecke, M.; Mizushima, S.; Müller, M.; Narukawa, T.; Nicolaus, A.; Pramann, A.; Rauch, D.; Rienitz, O.; Sasso, C. P.; Stopic, A.; Stosch, R.; Waseda, A.; Wundrack, S.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, X. W.

    2017-10-01

    A new single crystal from isotopically enriched silicon was used to determine the Avogadro constant N A by the x-ray-crystal density method. The new crystal, named Si28-23Pr11, has a higher enrichment than the former ‘AVO28’ crystal allowing a smaller uncertainty of the molar mass determination. Again, two 1 kg spheres were manufactured from this crystal. The crystal and the spheres were measured with improved and new methods. One sphere, Si28kg01a, was measured at NMIJ and PTB with very consistent results. The other sphere, Si28kg01b, was measured only at PTB and yielded nearly the same Avogadro constant value. The mean result for both 1 kg spheres is N A  =  6.022 140 526(70)  ×  1023 mol-1 with a relative standard uncertainty of 1.2  ×  10-8. This value deviates from the Avogadro value published in 2015 for the AVO28 crystal by about 3.9(2.1)  ×  10-8. Possible reasons for this difference are discussed and additional measurements are proposed.

  5. SEISMIC EVALUATION OF HYDROCARBON SATURATION IN DEEP-WATER RESERVOIRS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Batzle; D-h Han; R. Gibson; Huw James

    2005-08-12

    We are now entering the final stages of our ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342). We have now developed several techniques to help distinguish economic hydrocarbon deposits from false ''Fizz'' gas signatures. These methods include using the proper in situ rock and fluid properties, evaluating interference effects on data, and doing better constrained inversions for saturations. We are testing these techniques now on seismic data from several locations in the Gulf of Mexico. In addition, we are examining the use of seismic attenuation as indicated by frequency shifts below potential reservoirs. During this quarter we have: Began our evaluation of our latest data set over the Neptune Field; Developed software for computing composite reflection coefficients; Designed and implemented stochastic turbidite reservoir models; Produced software & work flow to improve frequency-dependent AVO analysis; Developed improved AVO analysis for data with low signal-to-noise ratio; and Examined feasibility of detecting fizz gas using frequency attenuation. Our focus on technology transfer continues, both by generating numerous presentations for the upcoming SEG annual meeting, and by beginning our planning for our next DHI minisymposium next spring.

  6. Hibiscus sabdariffa leaf polyphenolic extract induces human melanoma cell death, apoptosis, and autophagy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chun-Tang; Hsuan, Shu-Wen; Lin, Hui-Hsuan; Hsu, Cheng-Chin; Chou, Fen-Pi; Chen, Jing-Hsien

    2015-03-01

    Melanoma is the least common but most fatal form of skin cancer. Previous studies have indicated that an aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa leaves possess hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, and antioxidant effects. In this study, we want to investigate the anticancer activity of Hibiscus leaf polyphenolic (HLP) extract in melanoma cells. First, HLP was exhibited to be rich in epicatechin gallate (ECG) and other polyphenols. Apoptotic and autophagic activities of HLP and ECG were further evaluated by DAPI stain, cell-cycle analysis, and acidic vascular organelle (AVO) stain. Our results revealed that both HLP and ECG induced the caspases cleavages, Bcl-2 family proteins regulation, and Fas/FasL activation in A375 cells. In addition, we also revealed that the cells presented AVO-positive after HLP treatments. HLP could increase the expressions of autophagy-related proteins autophagy-related gene 5 (ATG5), Beclin1, and light chain 3-II (LC3-II), and induce autophagic cell death in A375 cells. These data indicated that the anticancer effect of HLP, partly contributed by ECG, in A375 cells. HLP potentially could be developed as an antimelanoma agent. © 2015 Institute of Food Technologists®

  7. Alaska - Russian Far East connection in volcano research and monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izbekov, P. E.; Eichelberger, J. C.; Gordeev, E.; Neal, C. A.; Chebrov, V. N.; Girina, O. A.; Demyanchuk, Y. V.; Rybin, A. V.

    2012-12-01

    The Kurile-Kamchatka-Alaska portion of the Pacific Rim of Fire spans for nearly 5400 km. It includes more than 80 active volcanoes and averages 4-6 eruptions per year. Resulting ash clouds travel for hundreds to thousands of kilometers defying political borders. To mitigate volcano hazard to aviation and local communities, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) and the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (IVS), in partnership with the Kamchatkan Branch of the Geophysical Survey of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KBGS), have established a collaborative program with three integrated components: (1) volcano monitoring with rapid information exchange, (2) cooperation in research projects at active volcanoes, and (3) volcanological field schools for students and young scientists. Cooperation in volcano monitoring includes dissemination of daily information on the state of volcanic activity in neighboring regions, satellite and visual data exchange, as well as sharing expertise and technologies between AVO and the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) and Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT). Collaboration in scientific research is best illustrated by involvement of AVO, IVS, and KBGS faculty and graduate students in mutual international studies. One of the most recent examples is the NSF-funded Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE)-Kamchatka project focusing on multi-disciplinary study of Bezymianny volcano in Kamchatka. This international project is one of many that have been initiated as a direct result of a bi-annual series of meetings known as Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP) workshops that we organize together with colleagues from Hokkaido University, Japan. The most recent JKASP meeting was held in August 2011 in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and brought together more than 130 scientists and students from Russia, Japan, and the United States. The key educational component of our collaborative program

  8. Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Batzle

    2006-04-30

    During this last period of the ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342), we finalized integration of rock physics, well log analysis, seismic processing, and forward modeling techniques. Most of the last quarter was spent combining the results from the principal investigators and come to some final conclusions about the project. Also much of the effort was directed towards technology transfer through the Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators mini-symposium at UH and through publications. As a result we have: (1) Tested a new method to directly invert reservoir properties, water saturation, Sw, and porosity from seismic AVO attributes; (2) Constrained the seismic response based on fluid and rock property correlations; (3) Reprocessed seismic data from Ursa field; (4) Compared thin layer property distributions and averaging on AVO response; (5) Related pressures and sorting effects on porosity and their influence on DHI's; (6) Examined and compared gas saturation effects for deep and shallow reservoirs; (7) Performed forward modeling using geobodies from deepwater outcrops; (8) Documented velocities for deepwater sediments; (9) Continued incorporating outcrop descriptive models in seismic forward models; (10) Held an open DHI symposium to present the final results of the project; (11) Relations between Sw, porosity, and AVO attributes; (12) Models of Complex, Layered Reservoirs; and (14) Technology transfer Several factors can contribute to limit our ability to extract accurate hydrocarbon saturations in deep water environments. Rock and fluid properties are one factor, since, for example, hydrocarbon properties will be considerably different with great depths (high pressure) when compared to shallow properties. Significant over pressure, on the other hand will make the rocks behave as if they were shallower. In addition to the physical properties, the scale and

  9. Exploring the Digital Universe with Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    Vast Databanks at the Astronomers' Fingertips Summary A new European initiative called the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) is being launched to provide astronomers with a breathtaking potential for new discoveries. It will enable them to seamlessly combine the data from both ground- and space-based telescopes which are making observations of the Universe across the whole range of wavelengths - from high-energy gamma rays through the ultraviolet and visible to the infrared and radio. The aim of the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) project, which started on 15 November 2001, is to allow astronomers instant access to the vast databanks now being built up by the world's observatories and which are forming what is, in effect, a "digital sky" . Using the AVO, astronomers will, for example, be able to retrieve the elusive traces of the passage of an asteroid as it passes near the Earth and so enable them to predict its future path and perhaps warn of a possible impact. When a giant star comes to the end of its life in a cataclysmic explosion called a supernova, they will be able to access the digital sky and pinpoint the star shortly before it exploded so adding invaluable data to the study of the evolution of stars. Background information on the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory is available in the Appendix. PR Photo 34a/01 : The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory - an artist's impression. The rapidly accumulating database ESO PR Photo 34a/01 ESO PR Photo 34a/01 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 345 pix - 90k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 689 pix - 656k] [Hi-Res - JPEG: 3000 x 2582 pix - 4.3M] ESO PR Photo 34a/01 shows an artist's impression of the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory . Modern observatories observe the sky continuously and data accumulates remorselessly in the digital archives. The growth rate is impressive and many hundreds of terabytes of data - corresponding to many thousands of billions of pixels - are already available to scientists. The real sky is being

  10. In memoriam 2002

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Maailm: Kenneth Armitage (18. VII 1916-22. I), Eduardo Chillida (10. I 1924-19. VIII), Ruth Handler (4. IV 1916-27. IV), Yousuf Karsh (23. XII 1908-14. VII), Roberto Matta (11. XI 1911-23. XI). Eesti: Endel Kaldmäe (12. VII 1918-15. XII), Tiia Kelomees-Johannson (8. IX 1965-11. VI), Salme Kirsimäe (6. XI 1919-1. IV), Maret Kuke (9. X 1926-2. VII), Diana Laev (21. XI 1919-31. VIII), Pauline Leps (16. XI 1903-5. III), Avo-Himm Looveer (16. VIII 1941- 1. V), Jüri Palm (14. IV 1937-27. IV), Agu Pilt (26. VIII 1951-11. III), Valve Pormeister (13. IV 1922-27. X), Eugen Sacharias (21. IV 1906-13. III), Lilian Schönberg (25. IV 1934-10. X), Laine Sisa (12. II 1931-20. II)

  11. Full Waveform Inversion for Reservoir Characterization - A Synthetic Study

    KAUST Repository

    Zabihi Naeini, E.

    2017-05-26

    Most current reservoir-characterization workflows are based on classic amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) inversion techniques. Although these methods have generally served us well over the years, here we examine full-waveform inversion (FWI) as an alternative tool for higher-resolution reservoir characterization. An important step in developing reservoir-oriented FWI is the implementation of facies-based rock physics constraints adapted from the classic methods. We show that such constraints can be incorporated into FWI by adding appropriately designed regularization terms to the objective function. The advantages of the proposed algorithm are demonstrated on both isotropic and VTI (transversely isotropic with a vertical symmetry axis) models with pronounced lateral and vertical heterogeneity. The inversion results are explained using the theoretical radiation patterns produced by perturbations in the medium parameters.

  12. Catalog of earthquake hypocenters at Alaskan volcanoes: January 1, 1994 through December 31, 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolly, Arthur D.; Stihler, Scott D.; Power, John A.; Lahr, John C.; Paskievitch, John; Tytgat, Guy; Estes, Steve; Lockhart, Andrew B.; Moran, Seth C.; McNutt, Stephen R.; Hammond, William R.

    2001-01-01

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska - Fairbanks, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, has maintained a seismic monitoring program at potentially active volcanoes in Alaska since 1988 (Power and others, 1993; Jolly and others, 1996). The primary objectives of this program are the seismic surveillance of active, potentially hazardous, Alaskan volcanoes and the investigation of seismic processes associated with active volcanism.Between 1994 and 1999, the AVO seismic monitoring program underwent significant changes with networks added at new volcanoes during each summer from 1995 through 1999. The existing network at Katmai –Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes (VTTS) was repaired in 1995, and new networks were installed at Makushin (1996), Akutan (1996), Pavlof (1996), Katmai - south (1996), Aniakchak (1997), Shishaldin (1997), Katmai - north (1998), Westdahl, (1998), Great Sitkin (1999) and Kanaga (1999). These networks added to AVO's existing seismograph networks in the Cook Inlet area and increased the number of AVO seismograph stations from 46 sites and 57 components in 1994 to 121 sites and 155 components in 1999. The 1995–1999 seismic network expansion increased the number of volcanoes monitored in real-time from 4 to 22, including Mount Spurr, Redoubt Volcano, Iliamna Volcano, Augustine Volcano, Mount Snowy, Mount Griggs, Mount Katmai, Novarupta, Trident Volcano, Mount Mageik, Mount Martin, Aniakchak Crater, Pavlof Volcano, Mount Dutton, Isanotski volcano, Shisaldin Volcano, Fisher Caldera, Westdahl volcano, Akutan volcano, Makushin Volcano, Great Sitkin volcano, and Kanaga Volcano (see Figures 1-15). The network expansion also increased the number of earthquakes located from about 600 per year in1994 and 1995 to about 3000 per year between 1997 and 1999.Highlights of the catalog period include: 1) a large volcanogenic seismic

  13. Geolocation Via Satellite: A Methodology and Error Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    o - sing cow0o sinoo (4.449) acoso = in a... ! (4.44b) asin1 _ acos = 0 (4.45) ax0 No0 2!!LO- = -cso sinI sinvo (4.46a) 89coso = io5s (4.46b) avo...CS6 av0 asinO = o (4.47a) acoso snocs (4.47b) asina = siflA acoso (4.48a) a9cosA - i + COS sin - sinqS0 asino aoo O-So COSOO c s sb aoo -COSA a9coso...4.48b) asinb __ cosa= 0 (4.49) ax0 ax0 asinA =_ sifl cosv - sinA acoso (4.50a) av0 cos OS v aCoSA CSflOO OS fl4o COSA ao ~ (4.50b) (9os acs a 0 * o4

  14. Experimental Evaluation of PI Tuning Techniques for Field Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislav Zigmund

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the experimental evaluation of a commonly used methodology to tune the PI regulators of the Field Oriented Control (FOC strategy for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSMs. The methodology used is based on the Absolute Value Optimum (AVO and Symmetric Optimum (SO criterions. These methods employ a simplified model of the plant to be controlled. Due to the complexity and non-linearities present in the FOC PMSM drive some divergence between the ideal response and the real results will occur. In this paper a comparison between simulated and experimental results is carried out to evaluate the goodness of the solution obtained. The divergences observed between simulations and the results obtained in the experimental setup are shown and it is attempted to justify the causes of them. Overall it is concluded that the method provides a satisfactory initial commissioning of the PI regulators for the drive system under study.

  15. Rock-physics modelling of the North Sea greensand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hossain, Zakir

    Klinkenberg permeability of greensand increased after CO2 injection. An NMR permeability modelling approach was tested to evaluate the effect on matrix permeability of CO2 injection. It appears that permeability after CO2 injection increased not due to fracturing but rather due to the increase of macro...... cemented, whereas Ty Formation is characterized by microcrystalline quartz cement. A series of laboratory experiments including core analysis, capillary pressure measurements, NMR T2 measurements, acoustic velocity measurements, electrical properties measurements and CO2 injection experiments were done...... from modelling is compared with empirical Vp-Vs regressions from laboratory data. The quality of Vs prediction is quantified by statistical analysis. The Vp-Vs relationship derived from modelling works well for greensand shear-wave velocity prediction. AVO modelling shows that brine saturated...

  16. A RARE CASE OF ORIGIN OF THE SUPERIOR THYROID ARTERY FROM THE RIGHT COMMON CAROTID ARTERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y MOHAMADI

    1982-05-01

    Full Text Available Recent l y i n a clas sroom d is sect i on we f ounu an anoma l ou s superior thyroid artery in a 60-year -ol d man . The arte ry originated f rom t he common carotid 31 mm p rox imal t o its bifurcation . Rega r d i ng t o the s ex , the s i de and p lace o f o r i g i n , this could be a unique case , suggesting a need for more awarene s s o f any unpredictable anomal y whi ch may be s een i n th i s a r ter y t o avo id serious problems during s ur ger y on the thyroid gland .

  17. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Jerome Eyer

    2003-01-01

    The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute, University of South Carolina is conducting a proof of concept study to determine the location and distribution of subsurface DNAPL carbon tetrachloride (CCl{sub 4}) contamination at the 216-Z-9 crib, 200 West area, DOE Hanford Site, Washington by use of two-dimensional high-resolution seismic reflection surveys and borehole geophysical data. The study makes use of recent advances in seismic reflection amplitude versus offset (AVO) technology to directly detect the presence of subsurface DNAPL. The techniques proposed are noninvasive means of site characterization and direct free-phase DNAPL detection. This final report covers the results of Tasks 1, 2, and 3. Task (1) contains site evaluation and seismic modeling studies. The site evaluation consists of identifying and collecting preexisting geological and geophysical information regarding subsurface structure and the presence and quantity of DNAPL. The seismic modeling studies were undertaken to determine the likelihood that an AVO response exists and its probable manifestation. Task (2) is the design and acquisition of 2-D seismic reflection data to image areas of probable high concentration of DNAPL. Task (3) is the processing and interpretation of the 2-D data. During the commission of these tasks four seismic reflection profiles were collected. Subsurface velocity information was obtained by vertical seismic profile surveys in three wells. The interpretation of these data is in two parts. Part one is the construction and interpretation of structural contour maps of the contact between the Hanford Fine unit and the underlying Plio/Pleistocene unit and of the contact between the Plio/Pleistocene unit and the underlying caliche layer. These two contacts were determined to be the most likely surfaces to contain the highest concentration CCl{sub 4}. Part two of the interpretation uses the results of the AVO modeling to locate any seismic amplitude anomalies that might be

  18. Recovery of seismic attributes by using the amplitude zero offset migration; Recuperacao de atributos sismicos utilizando a migracao para afastamento nulo em verdadeira amplitude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasquez, Angela Cristina Romero

    1999-07-01

    In the present work a method was developed to extract reflections coefficients after applying amplitude zero offset migration (TA MZO) on synthetic seismic data composed of several common offset sections. Sorting to the common mid point domain (CMP) provides the conventional amplitude versus offset curve directly. A second MZO application with different weights provides an estimation of incident angles, transforming AVO in AVA. Four models were developed with this objective, which basic difference is the structural complexity. One of these models is based on Brazilian turbidity reservoir of Neo-Albian age and proves the wide applicability of this methodology on reservoir characterization. Final, AVA results were compared with the theoretical AVA, quantifying the relative errors between them.

  19. SEISMIC MODELING ENGINES PHASE 1 FINAL REPORT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BRUCE P. MARION

    2006-02-09

    Seismic modeling is a core component of petroleum exploration and production today. Potential applications include modeling the influence of dip on anisotropic migration; source/receiver placement in deviated-well three-dimensional surveys for vertical seismic profiling (VSP); and the generation of realistic data sets for testing contractor-supplied migration algorithms or for interpreting AVO (amplitude variation with offset) responses. This project was designed to extend the use of a finite-difference modeling package, developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, to the advanced applications needed by industry. The approach included a realistic, easy-to-use 2-D modeling package for the desktop of the practicing geophysicist. The feasibility of providing a wide-ranging set of seismic modeling engines was fully demonstrated in Phase I. The technical focus was on adding variable gridding in both the horizontal and vertical directions, incorporating attenuation, improving absorbing boundary conditions and adding the optional coefficient finite difference methods.

  20. Common-image gathers in the offset domain from reverse-time migration

    KAUST Repository

    Zhan, Ge

    2014-04-01

    Kirchhoff migration is flexible to output common-image gathers (CIGs) in the offset domain by imaging data with different offsets separately. These CIGs supply important information for velocity model updates and amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) analysis. Reverse-time migration (RTM) offers more insights into complex geology than Kirchhoff migration by accurately describing wave propagation using the two-way wave equation. But, it has difficulty to produce offset domain CIGs like Kirchhoff migration. In this paper, we develop a method for obtaining offset domain CIGs from RTM. The method first computes the RTM operator of an offset gather, followed by a dot product of the operator and the offset data to form a common-offset RTM image. The offset domain CIGs are then achieved after separately migrating data with different offsets. We generate offset domain CIGs on both the Marmousi synthetic data and 2D Gulf of Mexico real data using this approach. © 2014.

  1. Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus: A new species to the Bulgarian avifauna /Bledi srakoper Lanius isabellinus: Nova vrsta v bolgarski avifavni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatov Assen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bledi srakoper Lanius isabellinus gnezdi v širokem pasu od Irana prek osrednje Azije in severne Kitajske do Mongolije. Prezimuje v osrednji in vzhodni Afriki, Pakistanu in Indiji. V Evropi se redno pojavlja, predvsem med koncem aprila in začetkom junija ter med začetkom septembra in koncem novembra. Pojavljata se (podvrsti isabellinus in phoenicuroides. V srednji in jugovzhodni Evropi so znana opazovanja iz Avstrije (3, Romunije (1 in Grčije (8. Avtorji prispevka predstavljajo prvi opazovanji za Bolgarijo, in sicer je bil 24. 5. 2010 na gori Slavjanka opazovan drugoletni samec nedoločene (podvrste, 28. 9. 2014 na jezeru Durankulak pa odrasel samec (podvrste isabellinus. Opazovanji je kot prvo in drugo za državo potrdila bolgarska komisija za redkosti BUNARCO.

  2. Sex differences in the oxygen delivery, extraction, and uptake during moderate-walking exercise transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltrame, Thomas; Villar, Rodrigo; Hughson, Richard L

    2017-09-01

    Previous studies in children and older adults demonstrated faster oxygen uptake (V̇O2) kinetics in males compared with females, but young healthy adults have not been studied. We hypothesized that young men would have faster aerobic system dynamics in response to the onset of exercise than women. Interactions between oxygen supply and utilization were characterized by the dynamics of V̇O2, deoxyhemoglobin (HHb), tissue saturation index (TSI), cardiac output (Q̇), and calculated arteriovenous O2 difference (a-vO2diff) in women and men. Eighteen healthy active young women and men (9 of each sex) with similar aerobic fitness levels volunteered for this study. Participants performed an incremental cardiopulmonary treadmill exercise test and 3 moderate-intensity treadmill exercise tests (at 80% V̇O2 of gas exchange threshold). Data related to the moderate exercise were submitted to exponential data modelling to obtain parameters related to the aerobic system dynamics. The time constants of V̇O2, a-vO2diff, HHb, and TSI (30 ± 6, 29 ± 1, 16 ± 1, and 15 ± 2 s, respectively) in women were statistically (p < 0.05) faster than the time constants in men (42 ± 10, 49 ± 21, 19 ± 3, and 20 ± 4 s, respectively). Although Q̇ dynamics were not statistically different (p = 0.06) between groups, there was a trend to slower Q̇ dynamics in men corresponding with the slower V̇O2 kinetics. These results indicated that the peripheral and pulmonary oxygen extraction dynamics were remarkably faster in women. Thus, contrary to the hypothesis, V̇O2 dynamics measured at the mouth at the onset of submaximal treadmill walking were faster in women compared with men.

  3. A volcanic activity alert-level system for aviation: review of its development and application in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffanti, Marianne; Miller, Thomas P.

    2013-01-01

    An alert-level system for communicating volcano hazard information to the aviation industry was devised by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) during the 1989–1990 eruption of Redoubt Volcano. The system uses a simple, color-coded ranking that focuses on volcanic ash emissions: Green—normal background; Yellow—signs of unrest; Orange—precursory unrest or minor ash eruption; Red—major ash eruption imminent or underway. The color code has been successfully applied on a regional scale in Alaska for a sustained period. During 2002–2011, elevated color codes were assigned by AVO to 13 volcanoes, eight of which erupted; for that decade, one or more Alaskan volcanoes were at Yellow on 67 % of days and at Orange or Red on 12 % of days. As evidence of its utility, the color code system is integrated into procedures of agencies responsible for air-traffic management and aviation meteorology in Alaska. Furthermore, it is endorsed as a key part of globally coordinated protocols established by the International Civil Aviation Organization to provide warnings of ash hazards to aviation worldwide. The color code and accompanying structured message (called a Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation) comprise an effective early-warning message system according to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. The aviation color code system currently is used in the United States, Russia, New Zealand, Iceland, and partially in the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia. Although there are some barriers to implementation, with continued education and outreach to Volcano Observatories worldwide, greater use of the aviation color code system is achievable.

  4. PBO Operations in Alaska and Cascadia, Combining Regions and Collaborating with our Regional Partners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, K. E.; Boyce, E. S.; Dausz, K.; Feaux, K.; Mattioli, G. S.; Pyatt, C.; Willoughby, H.; Woolace, A. C.

    2015-12-01

    During the last year, the Alaska and the Cascadia regions of the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) network were combined into a single management unit. While both remain distinct regions with their own challenges and engineering staff, every effort has been made to operate as a single team to improve efficiency and provide the highest possible data quality and uptime. Over the last several years a concerted effort has been made to work collaboratively with other institutions and stakeholders to defray ongoing costs by sharing staff and resources. UNAVCO currently operates four integrated GPS/seismic stations in collaboration with the Alaska Earthquake Center, eight with the Alaska Volcano Observatory, and three with the EarthScope TA. By the end of 2015, PBO and TA plan to install another 3 integrated and/or co-located geodetic and seismic systems. While most of these are designed around existing PBO stations, the 2014 installation at Middleton Island is a new station for both groups, providing PBO with an opportunity to expand geodetic data in Alaska. There were two major joint maintenance efforts in 2015:, the largest was a 5 day mission among PBO, AVO, and TA, which shared boat, helicopter, and staff on and around Augustine Volcano; the second, was a 10 day helicopter mission shared between AVO and PBO on Unimak Island. PBO Pacific Northwest is working closely with University of Washington to co-locate at least 9 Earthquake Early Warning Systems, which include the addition of strong motion sensors and high speed RT telemetry at PBO sites. The project is managed by University of Washington but UNAVCO is providing land contact information and infrastructure support. Summer 2015 upgrades include a complete overhaul of aging radio technology at two major networks and several small radio networks in Cascadia. The upgrades will increase reliability and enhance the speed of existing telemetry infrastructure and will continue through summer 2018.

  5. From the Slab to the Surface: Origin, Storage, Ascent, and Eruption of Volatile-Bearing Magmas in the Aleutian arc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, D.; Plank, T. A.; Hauri, E. H.; Rasmussen, D. J.; Power, J. A.; Lyons, J. J.; Haney, M. M.; Werner, C. A.; Kern, C.; Lopez, T. M.; Izbekov, P. E.; Stelling, P. L.

    2016-12-01

    We present initial results from an integrated geochemical-geophysical study of the Unimak-Cleveland corridor of the Aleutian volcanic arc, which encompasses six volcanoes spanning 450 km of the arc that have erupted in the past 25 years with a wide range of magmatic water contents. This relatively small corridor also exhibits a range of deep and upper-crustal seismicity, apparent magma storage depths, and depths to the subducting tectonic plate. The ultimate goal of this study is to link two normally disconnected big-picture problems: 1) the deep origin of magmas and volatiles, and 2) the formation and eruption of crustal magma reservoirs, which we will do by establishing the depth(s) of crustal magma reservoirs and pre-eruptive volatile contents throughout the corridor. Our preliminary work focuses on the geographic end members Shishaldin Volcano, which last erupted in 2014-2015, and Cleveland Volcano, which last erupted in April-May of this year (2016). Both systems are persistently degassing, open-vent volcanoes whose frequent eruptions are typically characterized by minimal precursory seismicity, making eruption forecasting challenging. At Cleveland, we analyze data from a 12-station broadband seismic network deployed from August 2015-July 2016, which is complemented by two permanent seismo-acoustic stations operated by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO). We also analyze tephras from recent eruptions (including 2016) and conducted ground- and helicopter-based gas emission surveys. At Shishaldin, we analyze data from the permanent AVO network, which is comprised of mainly short-period, single-component seismic stations. We also present preliminary analyses of samples of recent eruptive deposits and gas emission data. Through integration of these various datasets we present preliminary interpretations related to the origin, storage, ascent and eruption of volatile-bearing magmas at Cleveland and Shishaldin volcanoes.

  6. SEISMIC EVALUATION OF HYDROCARBON SATURATION IN DEEP-WATER RESERVOIRS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Batzle; D-h Han; R. Gibson; Huw James

    2005-01-22

    During this last quarter of the ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342), we have moved forward on several fronts, including data acquisition as well as analysis and application. During this quarter we have: (1) Completed our site selection (finally); (2) Measured fluid effects in Troika deep water sand sample; (3) Applied the result to Ursa ''fizz gas'' zone; (4) Compared thin layer property averaging on AVO response; (5) Developed target oriented NMO stretch correction; (6) Examined thin bed effects on A-B crossplots; and (7) Begun incorporating outcrop descriptive models in seismic forward models. Several factors can contribute to limit our ability to extract accurate hydrocarbon saturations in deep water environments. Rock and fluid properties are one factor, since, for example, hydrocarbon properties will be considerably different with great depths (high pressure) when compared to shallow properties. Significant over pressure, on the other hand will make the rocks behave as if they were shallower. In addition to the physical properties, the scale and tuning will alter our hydrocarbon indicators. Reservoirs composed of thin bed effects will broaden the reflection amplitude distribution with incident angle. Normal move out (NMO) stretch corrections based on frequency shifts can be applied to offset this effect. Tuning will also disturb the location of extracted amplitudes on AVO intercept and gradient (A-B) plots. Many deep water reservoirs fall this tuning thickness range. Our goal for the remaining project period is to systematically combine and document these various effects for use in deep water exploration.

  7. Seismic Evaluation of Hydorcarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Batzle; D-h Han; R. Gibson; Huw James

    2005-10-31

    During this last quarter of the ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342), we have moved forward on several fronts, including data acquisition as well as analysis and application. During this quarter we have: (1) Completed our site selection (finally); (2) Measured fluid effects in Troika deep water sand sample; (3) Applied the result to Ursa ''fizz gas'' zone; (4) Compared thin layer property averaging on AVO response; (5) Developed target oriented NMO stretch correction; (6) Examined thin bed effects on A-B crossplots; and (7) Begun incorporating outcrop descriptive models in seismic forward models. Several factors can contribute to limit our ability to extract accurate hydrocarbon saturations in deep water environments. Rock and fluid properties are one factor, since, for example, hydrocarbon properties will be considerably different with great depths (high pressure) when compared to shallow properties. Significant over pressure, on the other hand will make the rocks behave as if they were shallower. In addition to the physical properties, the scale and tuning will alter our hydrocarbon indicators. Reservoirs composed of thin bed effects will broaden the reflection amplitude distribution with incident angle. Normal move out (NMO) stretch corrections based on frequency shifts can be applied to offset this effect. Tuning will also disturb the location of extracted amplitudes on AVO intercept and gradient (A-B) plots. Many deep water reservoirs fall this tuning thickness range. Our goal for the remaining project period is to systematically combine and document these various effects for use in deep water exploration.

  8. Uued raamatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Constructed happiness - domestic environment in the cold war era / Võistlevad õnned - elukeskkond külma sõja perioodil (EKA, 2005; toimetajad Mart Kalm, Ingrid Ruudi, kujundajad Martin Lazarev, Tiit Lepp, Andrus Kõresaar); Ruumipilt : Eesti parimad interjöörid ja disain : konkurss 2004 / Eesti Sisearhitektide Liit (Minuskel, 2005; projektijuht Mati Veermets, kujundaja Tiiu Prisko, tekstid: Ell-Maaja Randküla); Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ajakirja 1. number (toimetajad Karolin Kuusik, Kristina Paju, kujundajad Kadri-Maria Mitt, Tuuli Aule, fotod: Tatjana Muravskaja); Eesti Kunstiakadeemia lõputööd 2005 (EKA, 2005; koostajad Karin Laansoo, Alo Paistik, kujundajad T. Aule, K.-M. Mitt, fotograafid Pelle Kalmo, Riikka Tauriainen, Anu Vahtra); Hallas-Murula, Karin. Suurlinn Tallinn : Eliel Saarineni "Suur-Tallinna" projekt. 1913 (Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2005; kujundaja Tiit Jürna); Kivi, Raul-Levroit. Tartu planeerimisest ja arhitektuurist : artikleid ja mälestusi (Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2005; koostajad Jaan Malin, K. Hallas-Murula); Arhitektuuriaasta 2004 : arhitektuuripreemiate nominendid (Solnessi Arhitektuurikirjastus, 2005; tekst: Epp Lankots, kujundaja Arhitektuuri Domeen); Archiprix International 2005 : world's best graduation projects (Rotterdam, 2005; EKA lõpetanud arhitektidest on publitseeritud Ralf Lõokese magistritöö "Superrand")

  9. Micromorphological difference between glacial and glaciofluvial quartz grain, evidence from Svalbard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krbcová, Klára

    2017-04-01

    Micromorphology of glaciofluvial sediments were only partially shown by Mahaney et al. (2001). This paper deals with the main diagnostic textures of glaciofluvial sediments and changes of their micromorphology caused fluvial transport. All samples were collected in Svalbard in August 2012. Two glacial samples and six glaciofluvial samples were taken near the glacier Bertilbreen and one glacial sample and seven glaciofluvial samples were taken near the glacier Hørbyebreen. Samples were prepared according to the Mahaney (2002) and examined under electron microscope. The correlation analyses was used to set the main glaciofluvial microtextures. Similarity of the samples was tested by one-way ANOVA by F-test. Increasing numbers of V-shaped pits, rounded grains, meandering ridges and microblocks are typical for characteristic microtextures of glaciofluvial grains which had greater rate of fluvial transport. But the grains mainly transported by glacier had a greater percentage occurence of subangular grains, straight steps, straight and curved grooves, adhering particles, pitting and V-shaped etch pits. The fastest change in variability was set during the first kilometre of fluvial transport. The study was funded by the Grant Agency of Charles University (GAUK 1314214). Keywords: exoscopy, quartz grains micromorphology, glaciofluvial sediments References: MAHANEY, W. C. (2002): Atlas of sand grain surface textures and applications. Oxford University Press, USA, 237 s. MAHANEY, W. C., STEWART A., KALM, V. (2001): Quantification of SEM microtextures useful in sedimentary environmental discrimination. Boreas, 30, s. 165 - 171.

  10. FARUK NAFİZ ÇAMLIBEL’İN SANATINDA YAHYA KEMAL BEYATLI’NIN ETKİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İhsan Safi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Bu makalede Yahya Kemal Beyatlı’nın Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’in şiirlerine etkisi incelenmektedir. Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, şiire başladığı ilk yıllarda önceleri Cenab Şahabeddin ve Ahmet Haşim’in etkisinde kalmıştır. Daha sonraları ise bu etki, Yahya Kemal Beyatlı’ya doğru yönelmiştir. Ve bu etki, Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’in asıl kimliğini bulduğu “Memleket Şiirleri” dönemine kadar kuvvetli bir şekilde devam etmiştir. Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, Yahya Kemal Beyatlı’yı kendisine üstat olarak almış, hatta ona “Üstat” diye bir şiir bile yazmıştır. İlk başlardaki kadar olmasa bile bu Yahya Kemal Beyatlı etkisi, Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’de son zamanlara kadar devam etmiştir.

  11. Endülüs Emevî Emirlerinden Hişâm b. Abdurrahman'ın Hayatı ve Emirliği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sena Kaplan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hişâm b. Abdurrahman b. Muâviye el-Ümevî, Endülüs Emevî Devleti’nin ikinci emiridir. Babası I. Abdurrahman’ın vefatının ardından tahta geçmiş ve sekiz yıl boyunca iktidarda kalmıştır. Bu süre içerisinde iç isyanlarla da uğraşmış ve bu isyanları sonlandırarak devleti istikrara kavuşturmuştur. Dindarlığı, ilme meraklı oluşu ve adaleti nedeniyle er-Râzî lakabı verilen Hişâm, ulemâyı koruyup kollamış ve onları el üstünde tutmuştur. Ayrıca bu dönemde önemli imar faaliyetleri de gerçekleştirilmiştir.

  12. KENTSEL YOKSULLUĞUN ÇÖZÜMÜNDE KAMU-SİVİL TOPLUM KURULUŞLARI İŞBİRLİĞİ: ADIYAMAN ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    CEREN, Adem; ÇELİK, Süleyman

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, kentsel yoksullukla mücadelede kamu kurumları ve sivil toplum kuruluşları tarafından yapılmakta olan sosyal yardımların etkinliğinin tartışılmasıdır. Bu çalışma, daha önceki çalışmalardan farklı olarak kentsel yoksulluk sorununun büyük kentlerin dışında nasıl yaşandığını ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Bundan hareketle Türkiye'nin geri kalmış illerinden biri olan Adıyaman ili inceleme konusu yapılmıştır. Çalışma, kentsel yoksulluğu ortaya çıkaran nedenleri ve bu nede...

  13. IDEOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE TEXTS OF FOLK LITERATURE AT THE PERIOD OF USSR: IN THE CONTEXT OF ALANKAY BATIR HALK EDEBİYATI METİNLERİNE SOVYETLER BİRLİĞİ DÖNEMİNDE İDEOLOJİK YAKLAŞIM: ALANKAY BATIR ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent BAYRAM

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk Literature was under the ideologic pressure during the USSR period. From time to time it was prohibited to publish some of the literary works. Some of the works were published after they had undergone some change with the excuse that they convey idiology opposite to that of the USSR. Some of the chapters were dropped out of the literary Works: for example, this kind of changes have been done to the Epic of Alankay Batır of the Kazak Turks. Halk edebiyatı eserleri Sovyetler Birliği’nde ideolojik baskılara maruz kalmıştır. Zaman zaman bazı eserlerin yayınlanması tamamen yasaklanmıştır. Bazı eserler de Sovyet ideolojisine ters düştüğü gerekçesiyle değiştirilerek yayınlanmıştır. Bazı bölümler eserlerden çıkarılmıştır. Kazak Türklerinin Alankay Batır destanında da bu tür oynamalar görülmektedir. Elde bulunan orijinal nüsha ile yayınlanan nüsha arasındaki farklılıklar bunu açıkça göstermektedir.

  14. DERi ENDÜSTRİSİ ATlKSULARININ MERKEZi SİSTEM İLE ARITILABİLİRLİGİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Recep İLERi

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Deri endüst risi çok kirli atıksu o luşt uran sektörlea·den biridir. Bu çalışmada; Sakarya İli, Adapazari Merkez İlçesinde şehir içinde kalmış deri işletm el erinin Organize Sanayi B ölgesi ne taş ınması "'�linde merkezi arıtma tesisi plan la nm ası gerekme ktedir. Arıtma tesisi ünite! eri, boyutları, kullanılan kimyas al maddeler, atıksu miktarları ve at ı ks u ,,., ı·akteristikle ri irde lennıiştir. Aktif çamur havalandırnıa havuzu hacmine tesir eden paraınetrelerin ..:tkisi, simülasyon çalışmaları yap ı l arak belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca, Merkezi arıtına tesisi için KOI, AKM ve Debi parametrelerine bağlı olarak, y atır ı m mal i y eti ve i ş let me maliyeti hesapları yapı l mıştır.

  15. On dokuzuncu yüzyıl Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nun Basra Körfezi politikası

    OpenAIRE

    KURAL, Muzaffer

    2013-01-01

      XIX. yüzyıl Osmanlı İmparatorluğu için her alanda problemlerin yoğunlaştığı bir dönem olmuştur. Bu dönem boyunca, Osmanlı Devleti bir yandan diğer devletlerin Körfeze yönelik faaliyetlerini engellemeye çalışırken diğer taraftan da yerel aktörlerle baş etmek zorunda kalmıştır. İngiltere başta olmak üzere bütün batılı güçler, Basra Körfezi ile askerî, siyasî, kültürel ve diplomatik anlamda ilgilenmişlerdir. ABD’nin körfeze olan ilgisi ise diğer devletlerden farklı olarak ABD...

  16. Meltwater Origin of the 2005 Mount Steller Landslide Confirmed by Analysis of Global Fiducials Program Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnia, B. F.; Angeli, K.

    2012-12-01

    Alaska's Mt. Steller, a 3,236 m Chugach Mountains peak, is one of the target areas of the Bering Glacier Global Fiducials Program (GFP) site. On September 14, 2005, a large mass of rock, glacier ice, and snow, with a volume of ~50 million cubic meters, fell from just below Mt. Steller's south-facing summit and landed on the surface of a tributary to Bering Glacier, nearly 2,500 m below. The slide, which extended ~8 km down-glacier, was actually an ice-rock avalanche. The impact generated a seismic signal recorded with a magnitude of up to 5.2. Oblique aerial photography of the mountain, the head scarp, and the slide mass was collected for the U.S. Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) on September 15, 2005. The photography delineated the morphology of the failed south-facing slope of the mountain and showed details of the sheared, near-summit hanging glacier and snow mass. Based on the photography, the AVO calculated the slide volume and length. Several weeks later, the AVO provided the first author with digital copies of the September 15 photography. These images were enhanced and examined in order to determine properties of the slide and to evaluate if the cause of the event could be determined. A number of features observed led to the conclusion that meltwater was probably responsible for destabilizing the glacier ice-bedrock contact and triggering the landslide. Specifically, a 10-15 m diameter englacial stream channel was seen in the truncated glacier ice that comprised the east wall of the landslide scarp and a water-polished channel opening was noted on the west wall scarp. Additionally, several depressions were noted that might have temporarily stored water. To confirm these observations, new cloud-free GFP imagery was obtained on October 24 and 28, 2005. Analysis of both sets of imagery documented that: (1) more than a month after the event, meltwater was exiting the east wall scarp channel and flowing down the face of the mountain; (2) the

  17. Ultrasonic Seismic Wave Elastic Moduli and Attenuation, Petro physical Models and Work Flows for Better Subsurface Imaging Related to Monitoring of Sequestrated Supercritical CO2 and Geothermal Energy Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harbert, W.; Delaney, D.; Mur, A. J.; Purcell, C.; Zorn, E.; Soong, Y.; Crandall, D.; Haljasmaa, I.

    2016-12-01

    To better understand the petrophysical response at ultrasonic frequencies in rhyolite and carbonate (relevant to CO2 storage and CO2 enhanced oil recovery) lithologies we conducted core analysis incorporating variation in temperature, effective pressure and pore filling fluid. Ultrasonic compressive and shear wave (VP, VS1 and VS2) velocities were measured allowing calculation of the Bulk modulus (K), Young's modulus (E), Lamè's first parameter (λ), Shear modulus (G), Poisson's ratio (ν), and P-wave modulus (M). In addition, from the ultrasonic waveform data collected, we employed the spectral ratio method to estimate the quality factor. Carbonate samples were tested dry, using atmospheric gas as the pore phase, and with deionized water, oil, and supercritical CO2. We observed that Qp was directly proportional to effective pressure in our rhyolite samples. In addition, we observed effects of core anisotropy on Qp, however this was not apparent in higher porosity samples. Increasing effective pressure seems to decrease the effects of ultrasonic P-wave anisotropy. Qp was inversely proportional to temperature, however this was not observed for higher porosity samples. Qp was highly dependent on the rock porosity. Higher porosity samples displayed significantly lower values of Qp. In our experiments we observed that ultrasonic wave scattering due to heterogeneities in the carbonate samples was dominant. Although we observed lower μρ values, trends in our data strongly agreed with the model proposed workers interpreting AVO trends in a LMR cross plot space. We found that μρ was proportional to temperature while λρ was temperature independent and that λρ-μρ trends were extremely dependent on porosity. Higher porosity results in lower values for both λρ and μρ. The presence of fluids causes a distinct shift in λρ values, an observation which could provide insight into subsurface exploration using amplitude variation with offset (AVO) classification. We

  18. Augustine Volcano, Cook Inlet, Alaska (January 31, 2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Since last spring, the U.S. Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has detected increasing volcanic unrest at Augustine Volcano in Cook Inlet, Alaska near Anchorage. Based on all available monitoring data, AVO regards that an eruption similar to 1976 and 1986 is the most probable outcome. During January, activity has been episodic, and characterized by emission of steam and ash plumes, rising to altitudes in excess of 9,000 m (30,000 ft), and posing hazards to aircraft in the vicinity. In the last week, volcanic flows have been seen on the volcano's flanks. An ASTER thermal image was acquired at night at 22:50 AST on January 31, 2006, during an eruptive phase of Augustine. The image shows three volcanic flows down the north flank of Augustine as white (hot) areas. The eruption plume spreads out to the east in a cone shape: it appears dark blue over the summit because it is cold and water ice dominates the composition; further downwind a change to orange color indicates that the plume is thinning and the signal is dominated by the presence of ash. ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance. The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion

  19. Seismic and structural characterization of the fluid bypass system using 3D and partial stack seismic from passive margin: inside the plumbing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iacopini, David; Maestrelli, Daniele; Jihad, Ali; Bond, Clare; Bonini, Marco

    2017-04-01

    In recent years enormous attention has been paid to the understanding of the process and mechanism controlling the gas seepage and more generally the fluid expulsion affecting the earth system from onshore to offshore environment. This is because of their demonstrated impact to our environment, climate change and during subsea drilling operation. Several example from active and paleo system has been so far characterized and proposed using subsurface exploration, geophysical and geochemical monitoring technology approaches with the aims to explore what trigger and drive the overpressure necessary maintain the fluid/gas/material expulsion and what are the structure that act as a gateway for gaseous fluid and unconsolidated rock. In this contribution we explore a series of fluid escape structure (ranging from seepage pipes to large blowout pipes structure of km length) using 3D and partial stack seismic data from two distinctive passive margin from the north sea (Loyal field, West Shetland) and the Equatorial Brazil (Ceara' Basin). We will focuses on the characterization of the plumbing system internal architecture and, for selected example, exploring the AVO response (using partial stack) of the internal fluid/unconsolidated rock. The detailed seismic mapping and seismic attributes analysis of the conduit system helped us to recover some detail from the signal response of the chimney internal structures. We observed: (1) small to medium seeps and pipes following structural or sedimentary discontinuities (2) large pipes (probably incipient mud volcanoes) and blowup structures propagating upward irrespective of pre-existing fault by hydraulic fracturing and assisted by the buoyancy of a fluidised and mobilised mud-hydrocarbon mixture. The reflector termination observed inside the main conduits, the distribution of stacked bright reflectors and the AVO analysis suggests an evolution of mechanisms (involving mixture of gas, fluid and probably mud) during pipe birth and

  20. Determination of the isotopic composition and molar mass of a new 'Avogadro' crystal: homogeneity and enrichment-related uncertainty reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramann, Axel; Narukawa, Tomohiro; Rienitz, Olaf

    2017-10-01

    The molar mass M and isotopic composition (expressed in amount-of-substance fractions x( i Si) of the silicon isotopes 28Si, 29Si, and 30Si) of a new silicon crystal (notation: Si28-23Pr11) highly enriched in the 28Si isotope have been determined independently at PTB and NMIJ by measuring exactly the same sample solutions using both a high resolution multicollector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS). This crystal will be used for the complementary determination of the Avogadro constant N A and thus providing one of many key parameters in the planned redefinition of the SI units kilogram and mole, using fundamental constants. Samples from three different axial positions in the crystal ingot, each divided into several radial positions were measured in order to probe possible variations of the molar mass and isotopic composition. Results obtained at PTB and NMIJ agreed within the limits of uncertainty. The application of the latest improved measurement techniques as well as an improved determination of the calibration factors (K) required to correct for mass bias effects resulted in an averaged M  =  27.976 942 666(40) g mol-1 with a relative combined uncertainty u c,rel(M)  =  1.4  ×  10-9. The course of M as a function of the origin of the measured samples suggests no significant inhomogeneity within the limits of the claimed uncertainty throughout the crystal supporting its applicability for the determination of a new N A. This extends to x(28Si) and x(29Si). Variations in x(30Si) as a function of the sample location were observed, but a systematic relation to physical origins cannot be claimed. Compared to the previous silicon crystal (‘AVO28’, notation: Si28-10Pr11) used for the latest determination of N A, the enrichment increases from x(28Si)  =  0.999 957 52(12) mol mol-1 (‘AVO28’) to x(28Si)  =  0.999 984 470(39) mol mol-1 (Si28-23Pr11, discussed in this paper) which is at

  1. Intermediate-Term Declines in Seismicity at Mt. Wrangell and Mt. Veniaminof Volcanoes, Alaska, Following the November 3, 2002 Mw 7.9 Denali Fault Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, J. J.; McNutt, S. R.

    2003-12-01

    On November 3, 2002 a Mw 7.9 earthquake ruptured segments of the Denali Fault and adjacent faults in interior Alaska providing a unique opportunity to look for intermediate-term (days to weeks) responses of Alaskan volcanoes to shaking from a large regional earthquake. The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) monitors 24 volcanoes with seismograph networks. We examined one station per volcano, generally the closest to the vent (typically within 5 km) unless noise, or other factors made the data unusable. Data were digitally filtered between 0.8 and 5 Hz to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio. Data for the period four weeks before to four weeks after the Mw 7.9 earthquake were then plotted at a standard scale used for AVO routine monitoring. Mt. Veniaminof volcano, which has had recent mild eruptions and a rate of ten earthquakes per day on station VNNF, suffered a drop in seismicity by a factor of two after the earthquake; this lasted for 15 days. Wrangell, the closest volcano to the epicenter, had a background rate of about 16 earthquakes per day. Data from station WANC could not be measured for 3 days after the Mw 7.9 earthquake because the large number and size of aftershocks impeded identification of local earthquakes. For the following 30 days, however, its seismicity rate dropped by a factor of two. Seismicity then remained low for an additional 4 months at Wrangell, whereas that at Veniaminof returned to normal within weeks. The seismicity at both Mt. Veniaminof and Mt. Wrangell is dominated by low-frequency volcanic events. The detection thresholds for both seismograph networks are low and stations VNNF and WANC operated normally during the time of our study, thus we infer that the changes in seismicity may be related to the earthquake. It is known that Wrangell increased its heat output after the Mw 9.2 Alaska earthquake of 1964 and again after the Ms 7.1 St.Elias earthquake of 1979. The other volcanoes showed no changes in seismicity that can be attributable to

  2. Arsenic trioxide preferentially induces nonapoptotic cell deaths as well as actin cytoskeleton rearrangement in the CHO AA8 cell line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Izdebska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The therapeutic effect of arsenic trioxide (ATO, As2O3 has been investigated for many years. However, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the antitumor activity of ATO are still not fully understood, but seem to depend on cell types, dosage, and duration of exposure. The purpose of this study was to assess the actin cytoskeleton rearrangement during the cell death process induced by arsenic trioxide in the CHO AA8 cells. A better understanding the mechanisms of ATO-action is likely to lead to more rational use of this drug either as monotherapies or in combination with other anticancer agents.Material and methods: The effect of ATO on actin cytoskeleton was studied in Chinese Hamster Ovary AA8 cell line. Actin was visualized by fluorescence microscopy and phalloidin conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 488. Morphological and ultrastructural alterations in the CHO AA8 cells were evaluated by using light and electron microscope, respectively. For quantitative measurement of cell death, Annexin V-Alexa Fluor® 488 and Propidium Iodide assay was performed. The vital staining of CHO AA8 cells with acridine orange was applied to detect the development of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs.Results: The performed experiments revealed a dose-dependent decrease in the cell survival. The morphological and ultrastructural features acquired by the cells after ATO-treatment were considered as typical for autophagy and mitotic cell death. As was shown by acridine orange staining, arsenic trioxide treatment increased red fluorescence signals in dose-dependent manner, indicating the development of AVOs, a hallmark of autophagy. Low level of apoptosis was induced in the ATO-treated CHO AA8 cells. Furthermore, the rearrangement of actin filaments associated with cell death process was also detected.Conclusions: The obtained results suggest that arsenic trioxide preferentially induces nonapoptotic cell deaths, autophagy and mitotic cell death, in p53

  3. Autophagy inhibition enhances RAD001-induced cytotoxicity in human bladder cancer cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ji-Fan; Lin, Yi-Chia; Yang, Shan-Che; Tsai, Te-Fu; Chen, Hung-En; Chou, Kuang-Yu; Hwang, Thomas I-Sheng

    2016-01-01

    Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), involved in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, is known to play a central role in regulating the growth of cancer cells. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway enhances tumor survival and proliferation through suppressing autophagy, which sustains energy homeostasis by collecting and recycling cellular components under stress conditions. Conversely, inhibitors of the mTOR pathway such as RAD001 induce autophagy, leading to promotion of tumor survival and limited antitumor efficacy. We thus hypothesized that the use of autophagy inhibitor in combination with mTOR inhibition improves the cytotoxicity of mTOR inhibitors in bladder cancer. The cytotoxicity of RT4, 5637, HT1376, and T24 human bladder cancer cells treated with RAD001 alone or combined with autophagy inhibitors (3-methyladenine (3-MA), bafilomycin A1 (Baf A1), chloroquine, or hydroxychloroquine) was assessed using the WST-8 cell viability kit. The autophagy status in cells was analyzed by the detection of microtubule-associated light chain 3 form II (LC3-II), using immunofluorescent staining and Western blot. Acidic vesicular organelle (AVO) formation in treated cells was determined by acridine orange vital staining. Inhibition of mTOR pathway by RAD001 was monitored by using a homemade quantitative polymerase chain reaction gene array, while phospho-mTOR was detected using Western blot. Induced apoptosis was determined by measurement of caspase 3/7 activity and DNA fragmentation in cells after treatment. Advanced bladder cancer cells (5637, HT1376, and T24) were more resistant to RAD001 than RT4. Autophagy flux detected by the expression of LC3-II showed RAD001-induced autophagy. AVO formation was detected in cells treated with RAD001 and was inhibited by the addition of 3-MA or Baf A1. Cotreatment of RAD001 with autophagy inhibitors further reduced cell viability and induced apoptosis in bladder cancer cells. Our results indicate that simultaneous inhibition of the mTOR and autophagy

  4. Moringa (Moringa Oleifera’nın Kanatlı ve Ruminant Hayvan Beslemede Kullanılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugay Ayasan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Gelişmekte olan ülkeler, protein ve enerji kaynağı yem hammaddelerinin fiyatlarının yüksek olması nedeniyle yem maliyetlerindeki artış sebebiyle, bazı zorluklara maruz kalmışlardır. Moringa, protein ve ham selüloz bakımından zengin bir yem kaynağıdır. Moringanın ham protein düzeyi %7,12 ile %39,17 arasında değişim göstermektedir. Tanen ve diğer anti besleme faktörlerini göz ardı edilebilir düzeyde içermesi sebebiyle, ruminantlar ve ruminant olmayan hayvanlar için alternatif bir protein kaynağıdır. Protein ve mineraller bakımından zengin olmasına rağmen, Moringa uzun yıllar boyunca üzerinde çalışılmayan bitkilerden birisi olmuştur. Ayrıca, aşırı düzeyde antibiyotik kullanımının sonucu olarak, antibiyotiklere dayanıklı patojenlerin gelişmesi problemiyle de karşı karşıya kalınmıştır. Bu makalede, hayvan beslemede kullanılan moringa ile bu yem maddesiyle kanatlı ve ruminant hayvanlar üzerinde yapılan besleme çalışmaları ele alınmıştır.

  5. HAKİKATİ YETERİNCE SAVUNMAK: SULTAN RAYEV DEFENDING ENOUGH THE TRUTH: SULTAN RAYEV ABSTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orhan SÖYLEMEZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This work examines “The Child who holds the Sun” the long story of Sultan Rayev from Kirgizistan. In his work the writer narrates the tragic life of a child who kept his innocence and purity among those others made by the Soviet regime. The social situation of individuals who were ripped off their tradition and the truth is narrated. The head of the region Basit Reis while being unconscious and about to die sees a shepard who is digging his grave because the soil is not accepting him. The reason was that he did not or could not defend the truth in his life. Bu çalışmada Kırgız yazar Sultan Rayev’in “güneşi tutan çocuk” adlı hikâyesi incelenecektir. Sultan Rayev’in hikâyesindeki Sovyet döneminde sistem tarafından ötekileştirilen/mankurtlaştırılan insanlar karşısında saf ve temiz kalmış bir çocuğun trajik öyküsü anlatılmaktadır. Öyküde özellikle gizlenen hakikat ve geleneklerinden koparılan bireylerin durumu aktarılır. Kolhoz başkanı Basıt Reis’in, ölüm döşeğindeki şuur kaymaları ve bu anlarda kendi mezarını kazan Çoban ile karşılaşması ilginç bir hadise olarak yer almaktadır. Çoban hayatta iken inandığı hakikati yeterince savunamadığı için toprak kendisini kabul etmemektedir.

  6. Cytolethal Distending Toxin Enhances Radiosensitivity in Prostate Cancer Cells by Regulating Autophagy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwai-Jeng Lin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT produced by Campylobacter jejuni contains three subunits: CdtA, CdtB, and CdtC. Among these three toxin subunits, CdtB is the toxic moiety of CDT with DNase I activity, resulting in DNA double-strand breaks (DSB and, consequently, cell cycle arrest at the G2/M stage and apoptosis. Radiation therapy is an effective modality for the treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa. However, patients often develop radioresistance. Owing to its particular biochemical properties, we previously employed CdtB as a therapeutic agent for sensitizing radioresistant PCa cells to ionizing radiation (IR. In this study, we further demonstrated that CDT suppresses the IR-induced autophagy pathway in PCa cells by attenuating c-Myc expression and therefore sensitizes PCa cells to radiation. We further showed that CDT prevents the formation of autophagosomes via decreased high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1 expression and the inhibition of acidic vesicular organelle (AVO formation, which are associated with enhanced radiosensitivity in PCa cells. The results of this study reveal the detailed mechanism of CDT for the treatment of radioresistant PCa.

  7. Hemodynamic indexes in newborns using the arteriovenous oxygen content difference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapia-Rombo, C A; Munayer-Calderon, J; Salazar-Acuña, A H; Alvarez-Vazquez, E; de-los-Santos-Soriano, H; Regalado-Rebolledo, H G; Sanchez-Garcia, L; Salas-Lopez, M E

    1998-01-01

    To determine in peripheral blood samples of newborns (NB) cardiac output (Q), cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), and effective oxygen transport (EO2T), through arteriovenous oxygen content difference ([C(a-v) O2]). Comparative survey. Healthy NBs and NBs in intermediate care in third level medical attention units. Forty-seven NB (17 pre-term) were prospectively studied in August and September/1995. A blood sample of 0.4 mL was taken from the umbilical or femoral vein and from the umbilical, radial or femoral artery. The inferencial statistics were done with a t test and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Significance was considered if p full-term NB nor was there any correlation between Q and gestational age. The [C (a-v)O2] is a good alternative to obtain indexes in peripheral blood of NB without cardiopathy, whenever other less invasive and more sophisticated methods are unavailable. In order to calculate the indexes in critically-ill patients, it is necessary to measure O2 consumption prior to applying this method.

  8. A reduced cerebral metabolic ratio in exercise reflects metabolism and not accumulation of lactate within the human brain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Mads K; Quistorff, Bjørn; Danielsen, Else R

    2003-01-01

    During maximal exercise lactate taken up by the human brain contributes to reduce the cerebral metabolic ratio, O(2)/(glucose + 1/2 lactate), but it is not known whether the lactate is metabolized or if it accumulates in a distribution volume. In one experiment the cerebral arterio-venous differe......During maximal exercise lactate taken up by the human brain contributes to reduce the cerebral metabolic ratio, O(2)/(glucose + 1/2 lactate), but it is not known whether the lactate is metabolized or if it accumulates in a distribution volume. In one experiment the cerebral arterio......-venous differences (AV) for O(2), glucose (glc) and lactate (lac) were evaluated in nine healthy subjects at rest and during and after exercise to exhaustion. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was drained through a lumbar puncture immediately after exercise, while control values were obtained from six other healthy...... young subjects. In a second experiment magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) was performed after exhaustive exercise to assess lactate levels in the brain (n = 5). Exercise increased the AV(O2) from 3.2 +/- 0.1 at rest to 3.5 +/- 0.2 mM (mean +/-s.e.m.; P

  9. Rock Physics of Geologic Carbon Sequestration/Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dvorkin, Jack; Mavko, Gary

    2013-05-31

    This report covers the results of developing the rock physics theory of the effects of CO{sub 2} injection and storage in a host reservoir on the rock's elastic properties and the resulting seismic signatures (reflections) observed during sequestration and storage. Specific topics addressed are: (a) how the elastic properties and attenuation vary versus CO{sub 2} saturation in the reservoir during injection and subsequent distribution of CO{sub 2} in the reservoir; (b) what are the combined effects of saturation and pore pressure on the elastic properties; and (c) what are the combined effects of saturation and rock fabric alteration on the elastic properties. The main new results are (a) development and application of the capillary pressure equilibrium theory to forecasting the elastic properties as a function of CO{sub 2} saturation; (b) a new method of applying this theory to well data; and (c) combining this theory with other effects of CO{sub 2} injection on the rock frame, including the effects of pore pressure and rock fabric alteration. An important result is translating these elastic changes into synthetic seismic responses, specifically, the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) response depending on saturation as well as reservoir and seal type. As planned, three graduate students participated in this work and, as a result, received scientific and technical training required should they choose to work in the area of monitoring and quantifying CO{sub 2} sequestration.

  10. SEISMIC ATTENUATION FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joel Walls; M.T. Taner; Naum Derzhi; Gary Mavko; Jack Dvorkin

    2003-12-01

    We have developed and tested technology for a new type of direct hydrocarbon detection. The method uses inelastic rock properties to greatly enhance the sensitivity of surface seismic methods to the presence of oil and gas saturation. These methods include use of energy absorption, dispersion, and attenuation (Q) along with traditional seismic attributes like velocity, impedance, and AVO. Our approach is to combine three elements: (1) a synthesis of the latest rock physics understanding of how rock inelasticity is related to rock type, pore fluid types, and pore microstructure, (2) synthetic seismic modeling that will help identify the relative contributions of scattering and intrinsic inelasticity to apparent Q attributes, and (3) robust algorithms that extract relative wave attenuation attributes from seismic data. This project provides: (1) Additional petrophysical insight from acquired data; (2) Increased understanding of rock and fluid properties; (3) New techniques to measure reservoir properties that are not currently available; and (4) Provide tools to more accurately describe the reservoir and predict oil location and volumes. These methodologies will improve the industry's ability to predict and quantify oil and gas saturation distribution, and to apply this information through geologic models to enhance reservoir simulation. We have applied for two separate patents relating to work that was completed as part of this project.

  11. Autophagy inhibition promotes 5-fluorouraci-induced apoptosis by stimulating ROS formation in human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Pan

    Full Text Available Chemotherapy is an important option for the treatment of various cancers including lung cancer. However, tumor resistance towards cytotoxic chemotherapy has become more common. It has been reported that autophagy is one of the processes contributing to this resistance. In the present study, we found that the anti-cancer drug 5-fluorouraci(5-FU could induce autophagy in A549 cells. 5-FU treatment could lead to the conversion of LC3 I/II, the up-regulation of Beclin-1, the down-regulation of p62 and the formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs in A549 cells. Pre-treatment of cancer cells with 3-MA or siAtg7 could enhance 5-FU-induced apoptosis through the activation of caspases, and the caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk rescued the cell viability reduction. Furthermore, the inhibition of autophagy also stimulated ROS formation and scavenging of ROS by antioxidant NAC inhibited caspase-3 activity, prevented the release of cyt-c from mitochondria and eventually rescued cancer cells from 5-FU-mediated apoptosis. These results suggest that 5-FU-elicited autophagic response plays a protective role against cell apoptosis and the inhibition of autophagy could sensitize them to 5-FU-induced caspase-dependent apoptosis through the stimulation of ROS formation.

  12. Univerzitetni kampus v 20. stoletju: urbani kampus v Čikagu med letoma 1890 in 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Giliberti

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Po državljanski vojni, ko je bila nujno potrebna družbeno-politična reorganizacija, so ameriške univerze prispevale k procesu ponovne vzpostavitve notranjega ravnovesja moči v državi. Tako so poskusili okrepiti politične stranke in razviti regije kot politično diskretne ozemeljske enote, ki jih je bilo razmeroma lahko upravljati. V 20. stoletju je politika lokalne centralizacije na regionalni ravni skupaj s priložnostjo, ki jo je ponujala potreba po učinkovitejšem upravljanju mest, prerasla v zavedanje, da naj bi precejšnji prispevek akademske skupnosti politiki pomagal ponovno vzpostaviti merila upravljanja za celotno državo. Da bi se dokumentirale in preučile nekatere najpomembnejše povezave med načrti univerzitetnih kampusov in načrtovanjem mest v Čikagu, je v članku predstavljeno več načrtov univerzitetnih kampusov in načrtovalskih strategij, pri čemer lahko »mesto« razumemo kot metonimijo za celotno družbo. Obdobje od odprtja kampusa univerze v Čikagu leta 1890 do prve polovice 60. let prejšnjega stoletja razkriva povezave med načrtovanjem kampusa in mesta.

  13. 3D seismic interpretation-Norte de Paria, offshore Eastern Venezuela

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramirez de Arellano, R.; Bommel, L. van; Riart, F.; Gil, J. (Exxon, Caracas (Venezuela))

    1993-02-01

    During 1991 a 1600 km[sup 2] 3D seismic survey was acquired for the Cristobal Colon Project, a joint venture of Lagoven (33%), Shell (30%), Exxon (29%) and Mitsubishi (8%). The objective is to evaluate the volumes of gas in the Mejillones, Patao, Dragon, and Rio Caribe gas fields, located north of the Paria Peninsula in offshore eastern Venezuela, in order to establish the viability of an LNG project. This paper summarizes the methodology and results of the interpretation of the 3D survey and its implications for understanding the regional geology and the hydrocarbon accumulations. The depositional geometry and continuity of the reservoir units has been analyzed using the amplitude response of the gas-bearing reservoirs. In combination with sequence stratigraphic concepts, the depositional environment of specific reservoir units can be interpreted and placed within the contect of a geological basin model. The value of this approach for development planning will be discussed. In addition, the paper will summarize the use of various geophysical techniques to delineate reservoirs and to determine petrophysical properties within these complex fields. Seismic inversion, forward modeling, and AVO studies have been evaluated. The relative merits of each will be discussed.

  14. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

    2001-05-01

    This semi-annual technical progress report is for part of Task 4 (site evaluation), on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM, it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as monitoring to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. The Second deployment site is the Department of Defense (DOD) Charleston Navy Weapons Station, Solid Waste Management Unit 12 (SWMU-12) Charleston, SC was selected in consultation with National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and DOD Navy Facilities Engineering Command Southern Division (NAVFAC) personnel. Base upon the review of existing data and due to the shallow target depth the project team has collected three Vertical Seismic Profiles (VSP) and experimental reflection line. At the time of preparing this report VSP data and experimental reflection line data has been collected and has have preliminary processing on the data sets.

  15. Advanced Reservoir Imaging Using Frequency-Dependent Seismic Attributes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fred Hilterman; Tad Patzek; Gennady Goloshubin; Dmitriy Silin; Charlotte Sullivan; Valeri Korneev

    2007-12-31

    Our report concerning advanced imaging and interpretation technology includes the development of theory, the implementation of laboratory experiments and the verification of results using field data. We investigated a reflectivity model for porous fluid-saturated reservoirs and demonstrated that the frequency-dependent component of the reflection coefficient is asymptotically proportional to the reservoir fluid mobility. We also analyzed seismic data using different azimuths and offsets over physical models of fractures filled with air and water. By comparing our physical model synthetics to numerical data we have identified several diagnostic indicators for quantifying the fractures. Finally, we developed reflectivity transforms for predicting pore fluid and lithology using rock-property statistics from 500 reservoirs in both the shelf and deep-water Gulf of Mexico. With these transforms and seismic AVO gathers across the prospect and its down-dip water-equivalent reservoir, fluid saturation can be estimated without a calibration well that ties the seismic. Our research provides the important additional mechanisms to recognize, delineate, and validate new hydrocarbon reserves and assist in the development of producing fields.

  16. Mapping lithological heterogeneity in Athabasca oil sand reservoirs using surface seismic data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Y.; Chopra, S. [Arcis Corp., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2009-07-01

    The distribution of bitumen in the McMurray formation in the Athabasca oil sands varies due to the high degree of facies heterogeneity throughout the deposit, making it difficult to interpret geology and estimate the bitumen distribution. Good quality seismic data has good lateral and vertical coverage and helps understand oil sands reservoir heterogeneity. The relationships between reservoir lithology and rock physics parameters need to be determined, especially those that can be derived from seismic data, in order to honour the advantage of seismic data in mapping reservoir heterogeneity for the Athabasca oil sands. A practical work flow was presented along with real examples for extracting lithology-sensitive rock physics parameters from surface seismic data for characterization of lithological heterogeneity of Athabasca oilsands reservoirs in the McMurray formation. Improvement in terms of reliable 3-parameter AVO inversion was the key step in the workflow. A case history demonstrated that the method helps understand the lithological heterogeneity of Athabasca oil sand reservoirs. The derived results from the case study calibrated well with the available log curves and a blind well test confirmed the accuracy of the calibration. 4 refs., 6 figs.

  17. Seismic reflections associated with submarine gas hydrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andreassen, K.

    1995-12-31

    Gas hydrates are often suggested as a future energy resource. This doctoral thesis improves the understanding of the concentration and distribution of natural submarine gas hydrates. The presence of these hydrates are commonly inferred from strong bottom simulating reflection (BSR). To investigate the nature of BSR, this work uses seismic studies of hydrate-related BSRs at two different locations, one where gas hydrates are accepted to exist and interpreted to be very extensive (in the Beaufort Sea), the other with good velocity data and downhole logs available (offshore Oregon). To ascertain the presence of free gas under the BSR, prestack offset data must supplement near-vertical incidence seismic data. A tentative model for physical properties of sediments partially saturated with gas hydrate and free gas is presented. This model, together with drilling information and seismic data containing the BSR beneath the Oregon margin and the Beaufort Sea, made it possible to better understand when to apply the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) method to constrain BSR gas hydrate and gas models. Distribution of natural gas hydrates offshore Norway and Svalbard is discussed and interpreted as reflections from the base of gas hydrate-bearing sediments, overlying sediments containing free gas. Gas hydrates inferred to exist at the Norwegian-Svalbard continental margin correlate well with Cenozoic depocenters, and the associated gas is assumed to be mainly biogenic. Parts of that margin have a high potential for natural gas hydrates of both biogenic and thermogenic origin. 235 refs., 86 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Mechanisms of Effort Intolerance in Patients With Heart Failure and Borderline Ejection Fraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topilsky, Yan; Rozenbaum, Zach; Khoury, Shafik; Pressman, Gregg S; Gura, Yaniv; Sherez, Jack; Man, Avi; Shimiaie, Jason; Edwards, Sanford; Berookhim, Joshua; Le Tourneau, Thierry; Halkin, Amir; Biner, Simon; Keren, Gad; Aviram, Galit

    2017-02-01

    Combining echocardiography and cardiopulmonary stress testing allows noninvasive assessment of hemodynamics, and oxygen extraction (A-VO2 difference). We evaluated mechanisms of effort intolerance in patients with heart failure with borderline (40% to 49%) left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) (HF and Borderline Ejection fraction). We included 89 consecutive patients with HF and Borderline Ejection fraction (n = 25; 63.6 ± 14 years, 64% men), control subjects (n = 22), patients with HF with preserved EF (n = 26; EF ≥50%), and patients with HF with reduced EF (n = 16; Borderline Ejection fraction than in all the other types of HF. In multivariable analysis heart rate response (p Borderline Ejection fraction but peak EF was not. In HF and Borderline Ejection fraction exercise intolerance is predominantly due to chronotropic incompetence, peripheral factors, and limited stroke volume reserve, which are related to right ventricle dysfunction and functional MR but not to left ventricular ejection fraction. Combined testing can be helpful in determining mechanisms of exercise intolerance in HF and Borderline Ejection fraction. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Compatibility of selected plant-based shortening as lard substitute: microstructure, polymorphic forms and textural properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A.M. Yanty

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out to determine the compatibility of three plant-based shortening mixtures to lard shortening (LD in terms of microstructure, polymorphic forms, and textural properties. The shortenings of binary, ternary, and quaternary fat mixtures were prepared according to a standard procedure by blending mee fat (MF with palm stearin (PS in a 99:1 (w/w ratio; avocado fat (Avo with PS and cocoa butter (CB in a 84:7:9 (w/w ratio; palm oil (PO with PS, soybean oil (SBO and CB in a 38:5:52:5 (w/w ratio, respectively. The triacylglycerol composition, polymorphic forms, crystal morphology, and textural properties of the shortening were evaluated. This study found that all three plant-based shortenings and LD shortening were similar with respect to their consistency, hardness and compression and adhesiveness values. However, all plant-based shortening was found to be dissimilar to LD shortening with respect to microstructure.

  20. Neferine augments therapeutic efficacy of cisplatin through ROS- mediated non-canonical autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549 cells).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalai Selvi, Sivalingam; Vinoth, Amirthalingam; Varadharajan, Thiyagarajan; Weng, Ching Feng; Vijaya Padma, Viswanadha

    2017-05-01

    Combination of dietary components with chemotherapy drugs is an emerging new strategy for cancer therapy to increase antitumor responses. Neferine, major bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera (Lotus). In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of the combinatorial regimen of neferine and cisplatin compared to cisplatin high dose in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cells. Co-treatment with neferine enhanced cisplatin-induced autophagy in A549 cells was accompanied by Acidic vesicular accumulation (AVO), enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH), down regulation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, conversion of LC3B-I to LC3B-II. This enhanced autophagy developed via a non-canonical mechanism that did not require Beclin-1, PI3KCIII. In conclusion, these results suggest that neferine enhances cisplatin -induced autophagic cancer cell death through downregulation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pro-survival pathway and ROS- mediated Beclin-1 and PI3K CIII independent autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549 cells). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Discovery Mondays: 'Separating science from fiction'

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Photo credit: ESA/NASA, the AVO project and Paolo PadovaniDoes the imaginary word of fiction always end up becoming scientific reality? What futuristic visions can we extrapolate from today's technologies? Here is a short quiz to test your knowledge. Can YOU tell truth from fiction? True False The laser swords featuring in the Star Wars films really exist. Time travel is possible using black holes. You could eat a cake of antimatter. Levitation vehicles really exist. Dan Brown is a space alien. How can you distinguish truth from fiction, dreams from reality, real science and technology from the sci-fi fantasies so realistically described in novels, television and cinema? You are invited to come and discuss these questions at a Discovery Monday at the very frontiers of science..... Join us at Microcosm (Reception, Building 33, Meyrin site), on Monday, 4 September from 7:30 p.m. to 9 p.m. Entrance Free The event will be conducted in French. http://www.cern.ch/LundisDecouverte/ ...

  2. Beg iz anonimnega pisanja – Delavnice dr. Noaha Charneyja na Filozofski fakulteti v Ljubljani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Petković

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Marsikdo od ljudi, ki jih poznam, piše: dnevnik, pesmi, esej, pisma ali celo knjigo. Nekateri pišejo in objavljajo na družbenih omrežjih, predvsem na Facebooku, kjer svoje življenje razgalijo množici »prijateljev«, od katerih je večina le bežnih znancev. Dostikrat svoje mnenje povedo na forumih (a skoraj vedno pod psevdonimom. Vprašanje pa je, kako svoja dela pripraviti tako, da bi jih lahko objavili pri založbi. Ko posameznik napiše neko besedilo, ima pogosto težavo z objavo svojega dela. Napiše pesem, roman ali strokovno razpravo in ta obtiči v računalniku ... Kam s tem gradivom? Včasih nam uspe najti domačega založnika ali prispevek objaviti v slovenski strokovni reviji. Če se posameznik odloči izdati knjigo v samozaložbi, mora prevzeti še vse druge obveznosti v zvezi s financiranjem, promocijo in prodajo. Slovenski bralski trg je razmeroma majhen in število bralcev je omejeno, zato se sprašujemo tudi o tem, kako svoje delo objaviti tam, kjer bo doseglo več bralcev.

  3. Kako lahko posameznik izraža svoje aktivno državljanstvo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalija Žalec

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizacija družbe v državi ima lahko različne oblike -od monokratskih do republikanskih, od enorežimskih do demokratičnih. Po drugi strani pa so države, gledano z zgodovinskega vidika, nastajale zelo različno - zaradi zgodovinskega razvoja, geografskih razmer, zagotavljanja interesov različnih sil, ki so se pojavljale in se usklajevale med seboj v različnih obdobjih. Začetna ugotovitev torej je, da država nedvomno ni pojav, ki bi imel eno samo podobo trajnejše ali nespremenljive kakovosti. Država se spreminja pod vplivom razvoja družbe v njej sami in tudi zaradi razvoja družbe zunaj nje - na primer v drugih državah. Državo nedvomno določa formalno pravo, ki določa profil državljana in hkrati velja za vse državljane.

  4. Vseživljenjsko učenje za aktivno demokracijo: Razširitev političnega diskurza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Martin

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Kaže, da - ko so odnosi med državo in njeno populacijo v krizi - postane državljanstvo sredstvo za pogovor in razmišljanje o tem. Eden od načinov, kako ustvariti razmere, v katerih bo vseživljen]sko učenje gibalo aktivnega državljanstva, je, da razširite v diskurz političnega programa (Martin, 1999. Diskurz po Edwardsu in Usherju (1994 "določa, kaj se lahko reče, kar pa v bistvu izhaja iz tega, kaj se ne sme reči, kaj je nepomembno, kaj je treba zamolčati in kaj docela pozabiti". Njegov pomen je v tem, da skušamo z njim razrahljati diskurzivne "plašnice" in z njim razširimo svoje vidno polje. Kaj pomeni pravzaprav razširiti diskurz? Za lažje razumevanje bom predstavil delo skupine, katere član sem bil tudi sam.

  5. DEVLETÇİLİK POLİTİKALARININ TARIM KESİMİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİLERİ (1930–1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu VARLI

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Devletçilik, Milli iktisat düşüncesinin Cumhuriyet’in kurucu kadroları üzerindeki etkisinin devamı olarak görülmektedir. Devlet cumhuriyetin kuruluş yıllarından itibaren ekonomik anlamda geri kalmışlığın bir nedeni olarak milli burjuvazinin yokluğunu görmüştür. Milli burjuvazi yaratma ya millileştirmeler yoluyla ya da devletin tüm olanaklarını kullanması yoluyla gerçekleşmiştir. Devletçilik de hem devletin tüm olanaklarını devreye soktuğu hem de artık kendisinin bizzat burjuvazi sınıfının yerine geçtiği bir uygulama olmuştur. Ancak tüm bu burjuvazi yaratma çabaları içinde ilginç olan, burjuvazinin tarım sektöründen çıkarılmak istenmemesidir. İttihat Terakki’den devir alınan milli burjuvazi yaratma toprak sahiplerini doğrudan hedef olarak almamıştır. Devletçilik politikalarında tarım kesimi burjuvazi olarak görülmemiş ve iktisaden zayıf bırakılmıştır. Ancak, tarım kesimine karşın desteklenen sanayi kesiminde de sermaye birikimi sağlanamamıştır. Tek parti yönetimi cumhuriyetin kuruluşundan dünya buhranına kadar olan dönemde burjuva sınıfının oluşturmayı hedeflemiştir. Ancak daha sonra gücü ve iktidarı çerçevesinde bir devletçilik politikasını sektörler arasında birbirinin tamamlayıcısı olmalarını sağlamadan sanayileşme için tarıma yük bindiren tartışmalı bir yol seçmiştir.

  6. A NEW STUDY ON TURKISH SUFFIXES USE IN SEVERAL ARABIC DIALECTS BAZI ARAP LEHÇELERİNDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE SONEKLER ÜZERİNE YENİ BİR İNCELEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahri KUŞ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Turkish language, one of the oldest languages in human history, has throughout the history of man has been influenced by other world languages and at the same time has affected many of them as well. With the establishment of Ottoman Empire, Turkish has come under the influence of the Arabic and Persian languages and has imported a considerable volume of vocabulary from them. At the same time, the Turkish language has over the years affected Arabic and Persian through export of a sizable number of words, and affixes to them.This modest research effort touches upon four common suffixes that have entered the Arabic language. The use and function of these suffixes are discussed with examples. Dünyanın en eski dillerinden biri olan Türkçe, üzerinden geçen uzun zamanla birlikte bazı dünya dillerinden etkilenmiş ve birçok dünya dilini de çeşitli yönlerden etkilemiştir. Türkçe, Osmanlı Devleti’nin ilk dönemlerinden itibaren Farsça ve Arapça gibi dillerin yoğun tesiri altında kalmış ve bu dillerden birçok kelime almıştır. Bununla birlikte Türkçe de sözü edilen dilleri etkilemiş ve bu dillere birçok kelime ve ek kazandırmıştır.Bu kısa araştırmada Türkçeden Arapçaya geçen dört farklı son ekten söz edilecek ve bu eklerin Türkçe ve çeşitli Arap lehçelerindeki işlev ve örneklerine yer verilecektir.

  7. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON COMPOUND NOUN AND SEMI-COMPOUND NOUN IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE BİRLEŞİK İSİM VE YARI-BİRLEŞİK İSİM ÜZERİNE KARŞILAŞTIRMALI BİR İNCELEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Compound nouns are nouns that are formed by two different words that come together by coalescing and taking a fixed form, gaining another meaning from their own. In this study, the semi-compound noun term is proposed for the phrases that are not fixed. After that, the semi-compound nouns are examined in terms of their structure. Then, how phrases establish the semi-compound nouns, passing to word level than phrases level, only by nominalisation, without having a fixed form is determined. After these examinations and identifications, the suffixes and postpositions that the semi-compound nouns have are emphasized. In the conclusion, by adding semi-compound nouns to the classification such as simple, derived and compound nouns a deficiency term and issue is put forward (simple noun, derived noun; compound noun, semi-compound noun. Birleşik isimler, iki farklı sözcüğün bir araya gelerek kendi anlamlarından farklı bir anlam oluşturacak biçimde kaynaşıp kalıplaşmasıyla oluşan isimlerdir. Bu çalışmada birleşik isim dışında kalan, kalıplaşmamış öbek yapıdaki isimler için yarı-birleşik isim terimi önerilmiştir. Daha sonra yarı-birleşik isimler, yapıları bakımından incelenmiş. Sözcük öbeklerinin, öbek düzleminden sözcük düzlemine geçerken, kalıplaşmadan, sadece isimleşerek yarı-birleşik isimleri nasıl kurduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu inceleme ve belirlemelerden sonra yarı-birleşik isimlerin aldıkları ek ve edatlar üzerinde durulmuştur. Sonuçta basit, türemiş ve birleşik isimler şeklindeki sınıflamaya yarı-birleşik isimler de eklenerek eksik kalmış bir terim ve konu ortaya konulmuştur (basit isim, türemiş isim; birleşik isim, yarı-birleşik isim.

  8. BANKALARDA İÇ DENETİMİN YENİDEN YAPILANDIRILMASI

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    Nilüfer BAYRAM

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available BANKALARDA İÇ DENETİMİN YENİDEN YAPILANDIRILMASIÖzet: Küresel finans krizi ile birlikte finansal sistemde uzun süredir saklı kalmış aksaklıklar gün ışığına çıkmış ve şirketlerin denetim yapılarının objektif olarak çalıştıklarına dair inanç yıkılmıştır. Serbest piyasa işleyişine en yakın yapının sağlanması, piyasalardaki finansal skandalların önüne geçilmesi ve tasarrufların reel sektöre destek vermesi için yatırımcıların piyasalara olan güveninin sağlanması esastır. Bu nedenle, piyasaları düzenleyen ve denetleyen kurumlardaki yapı, işleyiş ve düzenlemelerden başlayarak finans sektöründeki şirketler, bağımsız denetim şirketleri ve kredi derecelendirme kuruluşlarına kadar tüm finans kurumlarının iç denetim sisteminin şeffaf, düzenli ve sağlıklı işlemesi gerekmektedir. Makalede, Türkiye’de ilk defa bu konu üzerinde yapılan kalitatif bir araştırma sonucunda iç denetim üzerine yeni bir model önerilmektedir.RESTRUCTURING OF INTERNAL AUDITING OF BANKSAbstract:The recent global financial crisis has uncovered the long-lasting hidden problems of the financial system and made these problems visible. As a result investors’ confidence in the objectivity of the internal auditing systems of the companies has decreased significantly. Investors’ confidence in the markets is essential for the markets to function efficiently, to eliminate the financial scandals, and to transfer savings to the real sector. Therefore, it is required that all financial institutions such as the banks, independent audit firms and credit rating agencies have transparent, well functioning and healthy internal auditing systems. In this article, a new model of internal auditing is recommended based on a qualitative research conducted in Turkey for the first time.

  9. OSMAN CEMAL KAYGILI -HIS LIFE, LITERARY PERSONALITY AND WORKSABSTRACT OSMAN CEMAL KAYGILI -HAYATI, EDEBÎ KİŞİLİĞİ VE ESERLERİ-

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    Mediha MANGIR

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Osman Cemal Kaygılı started to write at journal called as “Eşek” in1910 and he was one of the the writers who had written about all kindsof literature. The author who was different from his contemporaries interms of the periphery he was grown up and lived in had the readers feelthis periphery in his all writings. Osman Cemal Kaygılı chose asmaterials for his literary works the districts which remained outside theliterary world at that time such as Kumkapı, Kasımpaşa, Samatya,Hasköy, the social life in these districts, the types such as gypsies,unofficial fire fighters, rakes, tipplers, gangsters and entertainmentplaces such as pubs, cafes and casinos. These mentioned rich materialsdetermined the language he used to a great extent. He has written novels,stories, dictionary, types of research. Osman Cemal Kaygılı, 1910 yılında „Eşek‟ adlı dergide yazınhayatına başlamış; hemen hemen her türde ürün vermiş yazarlardandır.Yetiştiği ve yaşadığı çevre yönünden çağdaşlarından farklı olan yazar,ortaya koyduğu bütün ürünlerde bu çevreyi okura hissettirir. OsmanCemal, o dönem edebiyat dünyasının dışında kalmış Kumkapı,Kasımpaşa, Samatya, Hasköy gibi semtleri; bu semtlerdeki sosyal hayatı;çingeneler, tulumbacılar, hovardalar, akşamcılar, külhanbeyleri gibitipleri; meyhâneler, kahvehâneler, gazinolar gibi eğlence yerlerini,eserlerine malzeme olarak seçer. Bu zengin malzeme, yazarın diliniönemli ölçüde belirler. Yazar roman, hikâye, oyun, sözlük ve araştırmaincelemetürlerinde eserler yazmıştır.

  10. Cemal Kurnaz-Halil Çeltik, Osmanlı Dönemi Kırım Edebiyatı, Kurgan Edebiyat, Ankara 2012

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    Ersin BAYRAM

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Bir bölgenin vatan edinilmesinden sonra ortaya konulmuş eserler, onları meydana getiren dil ve kültür ortamı var olduğu müddetçe millet hafızasında daima taze ve canlı kalır. Yaklaşık üç asır Osmanlı hâkimiyeti altında kalmış olan ve ardından Rus, Ukrayna ve 2014 yılında tekrar Rus kontrolüne giren Kırım için bu durum farklı bir anlam taşır. Kırım yarımadası Karadeniz'in kuzeyindeki stratejik konumuyla, siyasi, kültürel ve edebî yanıyla bizim için önemli bir merkez olmuştur. Uzun zaman hanlıklar tarafından yönetilen Kırım'da Osmanlı'nın tesis ettiği huzur ortamının bir sonucu olarak birçok şair ve yazar yetişmiştir. Bu yazıda tanıtılacak olan eser Osmanlı'nın bölgede bıraktığı edebî mirası konu almaktadır. Söz konusu çalışma, Cemal KURNAZ ve Halil ÇELTİK tarafından hazırlanıp ilk baskısı 2000 yılında (Kültür Bakanlığı Yay. yapılan Osmanlı Dönemi Kırım Edebiyatı adlı eserdir.

  11. RUMELIAN OTTOMAN VOLUNTEERS IN BRITISH P.O.W. CAMPS (1916-1923 *BRİTANYA İMPARATORLUĞU SAVAŞ KAMPLARINDA ESİR DÜŞEN BATI RUMELİ ASILLI OSMANLI GÖNÜLLÜLERİ (1916-1923

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    Redžep ŠKRİJELJ

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Doğu cephesindeki başarısızlıklar, 1916 yılının Avusturya-Macaristan için askerî açıdan en zor yıllardan biri olduğunu kanıtlamıştır. İtilaf Devletleri Rusya’nın yanı sıra İtalya ve Romanya tarafından desteklenmiş olduğu için Avusturya-Macaristan askerî birlikleri birkaç cephe arasında püskürtülmüştür ki böyle bir durumda personel ve kadro açısından yardıma ihtiyaç görmüştür. Bu arada Almanya İmparatorluğu askerî güçlerini Batı Cephesi’nde yoğunlaştırdığı için Avusturya-Macaristan devleti askerî yardım için diğer İttifak Devletlerine başvurmak zorunda kalmıştır. Avusturya-Macaristan mücadele birliklerini kuvvetlendirmek maksadıyla yapılan şiddetli askerî propaganda sonucu olarak 1916 sonbaharı ve 1917 ilkbaharı arasında Galiçya Cephesi’ne XV. Osmanlı Kolordusu kapsamında 10 bin gönüllü ve acemi asker gönderilmiştir. Osmanlı Askerî Karargâhı böyle bir kararı Balkanlar üzerinden Anadolu’ya Rus işgalini önlemek için getirdiğini savunmuştur. Kötü örgütleme, disiplinsizlik, zayıf giyim, açlık, büyük sayıda yaralı ve engelli, bulaşıcı hastalıkların salgını esnasında aşı yetersizliği askerlerin morallerini yitirmiştir. Çok sayıda ölü ve esir veren Osmanlı askeri, Avrupalı müttefiklerini karşılamak için Galiçya, Romanya ve Selânik Cephelerinde ikinci sıradan görevler yapmak zorunda kalmıştır. Avusturya, Alman, Yugoslav, Sırp, Britanya ve Osmanlı arşivlerinde bulunan kaynaklardan Galiçya, Kafkas, Çanakkale, Filistin, Suriye ve Arabistan cephelerinde kanlı ve şiddetli mücadele gören çok sayıda Rumelili gönüllü Britanya savaş kamplarında esir kalmıştır. Sırp, Hırvat ve Sloven Krallığı Dışişleri Bakanlığı tarafından hazırlanan raporlara göre Avusturya-Macaristan ve Bulgar işgalci iktidarı tarafından çok sayıda genç erkek 1917 yılı boyunca seferber edildikten sonra Suriye

  12. Fashioning the Emotional Self: The Dutch Statesman Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck (1761-1825 and the Cult of Sensibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwina Hagen

    2014-06-01

    Nederlandse moderate republikein een eigen, kalme en gematigde stijl. Geholpen door zijn politieke vrienden promootte hij zichzelf als een politiek leider met een uitgesproken zachtaardige natuur. Zijn binnenlandse opponenten grepen juist deze (voorgewende eigenschap aan als het bewijs van zijn beginselloze zwakte.

  13. AN UNCOMPLETED MATHNAWI DUE TO THE DEATH OF IT’S AUTHOR: LEYLÂ VÜ MECNÛN (LAYLA AND MADJNUN MÜELLİFİNİN ÖLÜMÜYLE YARIM KALMIŞ BİR MESNEVÎ: LEYLÂ VÜ MECNÛN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüsrev AKIN

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Mathnawis are types of verse in which such subjects as legends and stories are narrated in our ancient literature. Mathnawis whose early examples orginate in Persian literature are also seen in Turkish literature from the same source. In our literature, mathnawis were commonly written between XIII and XVIII centuries. One of the subjects that has been dealt with is the story of Layla and Madjnun. This story is the one that is most treated among the ones with two lovers. One of the authors that tells this story in his work is Kafzâde Fâizî. But, when he dies at an early age, the work remains to be completed. In the present study, being an unfinished work, the introduction and the translation of the work on which there has been no serious comment is given. Mesneviler, eski edebiyatımızda destan, menkıbe gibi uzun konuların anlatıldığı nazım biçimidir. İlk örnekleri Fars edebiyatında görülen mesnevi Türk edebiyatına da oradan geçmiştir. Edebiyatımızda mesneviler yoğun olarak XIII. ve XVIII. yüzyıllar arasında yazılmıştır. Bu mesnevilerde sıklıkla ele alınan konulardan birisi de Leylâ ile Mecnûn hikâyesidir. Bu hikâye iki âşık karakterli hikâyeler içinde en çok işleneni olmuştur. Bunu eserinde anlatan şâirlerden birisi de Kafzâde Fâizî’dir. Fakat Kafzâde Fâizî, genç yaşta ölünce bu eser yarım kalmıştır. Bu makalede, tamamlanmamış bir eser olduğu için bugüne kadar üzerinde ciddi olarak durulmayan bu eserin tanıtımı ve çeviri yazısı yapılmıştır.

  14. From nutrients to foods: The alimentary imaginary of the Mediterranean diet

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    Simona STANO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Together with clothing, urban artefacts and other aspects of daily life, nutrition is not only one of the basic human needs, but also a system of communication (Barthes, 1961 and expression of sociocultural identity (Levi-Strauss, 1965; Montanari, 2006; Stano, 2015. Undoubtedly food habits, preferences and taboos are partially regulated by ecological and material factors (Harris, 1975. By contrast, all food systems are structured and given particular functioning mechanisms by specific societies—or, better, cultures (Volli, 2015. Although several scholars have remarked this fact, most present-day texts, discourses, and practices concerning food seem to particularly stress a sort of supposed “naturalness” inherent to food systems. Such “naturalness” is generally conceived as both the praise of everything that opposes artificiality (Marrone, 2011 and a return to an original and idyllic past, namely a “tradition” crystallised in “authentic” recipes, “typical” restaurants, etc. Responding to the urgency of enhancing the academic debate on these issues, this paper analyses a specific case study that, albeit being particularly significant, has not been sufficiently investigated yet: the so-called “Mediterranean diet”. The idea of such a diet originated from the scientific field, in the wake of medical research (Keys & Keys, 1975; Keys, 1980 correlating the low incidence of cardiovascular diseases among the inhabitants of specific areas (i.e. the Cilento region in Italy and a particular nutritional regime, mainly defined by the use of certain ingredients and specific techniques of preparation of food. The interest in this topic has then increasingly grown, extending beyond the simple definition of healthy rules regulating nutrition, and embracing the social and cultural implications of the particular “lifestyle” that has come to be identified with the Mediterranean diet. In this sense, the genealogy of the inclusion of such

  15. Augustine Volcano, Cook Inlet, Alaska (January 12, 2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Since last spring, the U.S. Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has detected increasing volcanic unrest at Augustine Volcano in Cook Inlet, Alaska near Anchorage. Based on all available monitoring data, AVO regards that an eruption similar to 1976 and 1986 is the most probable outcome. During January, activity has been episodic, and characterized by emission of steam and ash plumes, rising to altitudes in excess of 9,000 m (30,000 ft), and posing hazards to aircraft in the vicinity. An ASTER image was acquired at 12:42 AST on January 12, 2006, during an eruptive phase of Augustine. The perspective rendition shows the eruption plume derived from the ASTER image data. ASTER's stereo viewing capability was used to calculate the 3-dimensional topography of the eruption cloud as it was blown to the south by prevailing winds. From a maximum height of 3060 m (9950 ft), the plume cooled and its top descended to 1900 m (6175 ft). The perspective view shows the ASTER data draped over the plume top topography, combined with a base image acquired in 2000 by the Landsat satellite, that is itself draped over ground elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. The topographic relief has been increased 1.5 times for this illustration. Comparison of the ASTER plume topography data with ash dispersal models and weather radar data will allow the National Weather Service to validate and improve such models. These models are used to forecast volcanic ash plume trajectories and provide hazard alerts and warnings to aircraft in the Alaska region. ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with

  16. Autophagy inhibition enhances RAD001-induced cytotoxicity in human bladder cancer cells

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    Lin JF

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Ji-Fan Lin,1 Yi-Chia Lin,2,3 Shan-Che Yang,1 Te-Fu Tsai,2,3 Hung-En Chen,2 Kuang-Yu Chou,2,3 Thomas I-Sheng Hwang2–4 1Central Laboratory, Shin-Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Shin-Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Division of Urology, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; 4Department of Urology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan Background: Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR, involved in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, is known to play a central role in regulating the growth of cancer cells. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway enhances tumor survival and proliferation through suppressing autophagy, which sustains energy homeostasis by collecting and recycling cellular components under stress conditions. Conversely, inhibitors of the mTOR pathway such as RAD001 induce autophagy, leading to promotion of tumor survival and limited antitumor efficacy. We thus hypothesized that the use of autophagy inhibitor in combination with mTOR inhibition improves the cytotoxicity of mTOR inhibitors in bladder cancer.Materials and methods: The cytotoxicity of RT4, 5637, HT1376, and T24 human bladder cancer cells treated with RAD001 alone or combined with autophagy inhibitors (3-methyladenine (3-MA, bafilomycin A1 (Baf A1, chloroquine, or hydroxychloroquine was assessed using the WST-8 cell viability kit. The autophagy status in cells was analyzed by the detection of microtubule-associated light chain 3 form II (LC3-II, using immunofluorescent staining and Western blot. Acidic vesicular organelle (AVO formation in treated cells was determined by acridine orange vital staining. Inhibition of mTOR pathway by RAD001 was monitored by using a homemade quantitative polymerase chain reaction gene array, while phospho-mTOR was detected using Western blot. Induced apoptosis was determined by measurement of caspase 3/7 activity and DNA fragmentation in cells after

  17. Inhibition of autophagy enhances DNA damage-induced apoptosis by disrupting CHK1-dependent S phase arrest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liou, Jong-Shian; Wu, Yi-Chen; Yen, Wen-Yen; Tang, Yu-Shuan [Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC (China); Kakadiya, Rajesh B.; Su, Tsann-Long [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC (China); Yih, Ling-Huei, E-mail: lhyih@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC (China)

    2014-08-01

    DNA damage has been shown to induce autophagy, but the role of autophagy in the DNA damage response and cell fate is not fully understood. BO-1012, a bifunctional alkylating derivative of 3a-aza-cyclopenta[a]indene, is a potent DNA interstrand cross-linking agent with anticancer activity. In this study, BO-1012 was found to reduce DNA synthesis, inhibit S phase progression, and induce phosphorylation of histone H2AX on serine 139 (γH2AX) exclusively in S phase cells. Both CHK1 and CHK2 were phosphorylated in response to BO-1012 treatment, but only depletion of CHK1, but not CHK2, impaired BO-1012-induced S phase arrest and facilitated the entry of γH2AX-positive cells into G2 phase. CHK1 depletion also significantly enhanced BO-1012-induced cell death and apoptosis. These results indicate that BO-1012-induced S phase arrest is a CHK1-dependent pro-survival response. BO-1012 also resulted in marked induction of acidic vesicular organelle (AVO) formation and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) processing and redistribution, features characteristic of autophagy. Depletion of ATG7 or co-treatment of cells with BO-1012 and either 3-methyladenine or bafilomycin A1, two inhibitors of autophagy, not only reduced CHK1 phosphorylation and disrupted S phase arrest, but also increased cleavage of caspase-9 and PARP, and cell death. These results suggest that cells initiate S phase arrest and autophagy as pro-survival responses to BO-1012-induced DNA damage, and that suppression of autophagy enhances BO-1012-induced apoptosis via disruption of CHK1-dependent S phase arrest. - Highlights: • Autophagy inhibitors enhanced the cytotoxicity of a DNA alkylating agent, BO-1012. • BO-1012-induced S phase arrest was a CHK1-dependent pro-survival response. • Autophagy inhibition enhanced BO-1012 cytotoxicity via disrupting the S phase arrest.

  18. Hospital communication between perception and cost savings: an Italian case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennacchini, M; Pensieri, C; Binetti, P

    2012-07-01

    Communication field is very much studied by Companies but not so much from the Italian NHS. We aim to study the suffering communication that patients, relatives and customers feel when they approach a hospital. The research was carried out in an Italian region: Lazio. The Objective was to take a picture of the current state of Regional Health-Care System (RHS) communication by local Visual Communication (VC), telematic, internal perception, communication propensity and perception of hospital's brand. We have sampled 7 hospitals (114 items): Web-site's analysis, Location's VC, Urp's manager interview, Focus-group, Analysis Valuator of the Hospital's Brand (AVoHB). WEB: 14% of web-sites had a positive score, 86% had an Hospital Service Guide, 43% hadn't Urp's e-mail, 29% had a ward's map, 0% was W3C. Average: -17pt. on ±74pt. VISUAL COMMUNICATION: 100% had a Help-desk at the entrance, 100% had readable signpost, 43% had a readable badge, 29% had chromatic signpost, 0% had an assistance signpost and none of them had the Toilettes signpost. Average: -10,42pt. on ±58pt. FOCUS-GROUP: Staff underline their very high interest in interpersonal communication. They report a lack of VC inside their hospitals that cannot help patients to be self-oriented. Lost users can only ask information to the first doctor they see, taking staff time, which is already lacked. AVOHB: Powergrid shows that the positioning of the Aggregated Brand (RHS) and of each hospital analyzed are in the III quadrant. By a Corporate Communication point of view we can see that almost all companies reach a good level in terms of effective communication but none of them excel in all critical areas for an effective communication.

  19. The effect of age-related differences in body size and composition on cardiovascular determinants of VO2max.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrick-Ranson, Graeme; Hastings, Jeffrey L; Bhella, Paul S; Shibata, Shigeki; Fujimoto, Naoki; Palmer, Dean; Boyd, Kara; Levine, Benjamin D

    2013-05-01

    A reduction in maximal stroke volume (SVmax) and total blood volume (TBV) has been hypothesized to contribute to the decline in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) with healthy aging. However, these variables have rarely been collected simultaneously in a board age range to support or refute this hypothesis. It is also unclear to what extent scaling size-related cardiovascular determinants of VO2max affects the interpretation of age-related differences. A retrospective analysis of VO2max, maximal cardiac output (QCmax), TBV, and body composition including fat-free mass (FFM) in 95 (51% M) healthy adults ranging from 19-86 years. Absolute and indexed VO2max, QCmax, and maximal heart rate decreased in both sexes with age (p ≤ .031). SVmax declined with age when scaled to total body mass or body surface area (p ≤ .047) but not when expressed in absolute levels (p = .120) or relative to FFM (p = .464). Absolute and indexed TBVs (mL/kg; mL/m(2)) were not significantly affected by age but increased with age in both sexes when scaled to FFM (p ≤ .013). A lower arteriovenous oxygen difference (a-vO2diff) contributed to the reduction in VO2max with age in treadmill exercisers (p = .004) but not in the entire cohort (p = .128). These results suggest (a) a reduction in absolute SVmax, and TBV do not contribute substantially to the age-related reduction in VO2max, which instead results from a smaller QCmax due to a lower maximal heart rate, and (b) body composition scaling methods should be used to accurately describe the effect of aging on physical function and cardiovascular variables.

  20. Three distinct regimes of volcanic tremor associated with the eruption of Shishaldin Volcano, Alaska 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Glenn; McNutt, Stephen; Tytgat, Guy

    2002-07-01

    Tremor signals associated with the eruption of Shishaldin Volcano on 19 and 23 April 1999 were the strongest recorded anywhere in the Aleutian Arc by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) in its 10-year history. Reduced displacements (DR) reached 23 cm2 on 19 April and 43 cm2 on 23 April. During the activity, DR and spectral data with a frequency resolution of 0.1 Hz were computed and put on the World Wide Web every 10 min. These data are analyzed here. The general temporal patterns of seismicity of these eruption events were similar, but the eruptions and their effects quite different. The 19 April event is known to have culminated in a sub-Plinian phase, which ejected ash to an altitude of 16 km. Despite higher amplitudes and the largest hotspot from satellite data, the 23 April event produced little ash reaching only 6 km altitude. For several hours prior to the sub-Plinian phase on 19 April, tremor with a peak frequency of 1.3 Hz intensified. During the sub-Plinian phase the peak frequency increased to 4-8 Hz. However, in 15 h after the eruption, three episodes of stronger tremor occurred with a lower 1.0-Hz peak, alternating with weaker tremor with a 1.3-Hz peak. These transitions correspond to DR= 8 cm2. Although these strong tremor episodes produced higher DR levels than the sub-Plinian phase, data from a pressure sensor show that only strong Strombolian explosions occurred. The suite of observations suggests three distinct tremor regimes that may correspond to slug flow, bubbly flow, and sustained strong eruptions, or a cyclic change in source parameters (e.g., geometry, sound speed, or ascent rate). This behavior occurred at Shishaldin only during the April 1999 sequence, and we are not aware of similar behavior at other volcanoes.

  1. EXPERIENCES OF OPERATING AND STUDYING IN SECOND LIFE: STUDYING IN SECOND LIFE:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riitta LISKI

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The Educational Association Citizens´ Forum SKAF ry is an educational institution for non-formal education. The Citizens’ Forum has been an active Second Life participant since 2007, researching its potential and challenges in educational use and non-governmental organisation activities. The first training sessions were organised in 2008 on a block of land rented from EduFinland I island. Later, ownership was acquired of the Suomi ry (Finland ry island, which was customised to serve Finnish organisations and non-governmental organisations (further NGO. The Citizens’ Forum’s training courses have covered training in Second Life and the organisation of cooperative meetings and various other events in Second Life. The overall length of training sessions has been one month. Each course has consisted of 3-5. 1.5 hour meetings in Second Life and interim tasks completed either individually or in small groups. In addition to Second Life, Moodle, an online learning environment, has been employed in which tasks, experiences and feedback have been gathered and which has also contained written summaries of what was learned during the Second Life meetings. The Second Life environment has also been regularly utilised in Citizens’ Forum staff and various other work group work related meetings.Funding and ventures 2008: Ministry of Education special funding, Initiation of Second Life courses and construction of environment 2009-2010: ESF programme Open Learning Environments-AVO venture, development and implementation of Second Life educational programmes.This article is based on practical experiences gained from Ø suitability of cooperative educational processes for Second LifeØ constructing a Second Life environment for educational useØ suitability of Second Life technology and tools for education and team workØ practical methods related to educational situations .

  2. EXPERIENCES OF OPERATING AND STUDYING IN SECOND LIFE: Conclusions for Training Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riitta LISKI

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The Educational Association Citizens´ Forum SKAF ry is an educational institution for non-formal education. The Citizens’ Forum has been an active Second Life participant since 2007, researching its potential and challenges in educational use and non-governmental organisation activities. The first training sessions were organised in 2008 on a block of land rented from EduFinland I island. Later, ownership was acquired of the Suomi ry (Finland ry island, which was customised to serve Finnish organisations and non-governmental organisations (further NGO. The citizens’ Forum’s training courses have covered training in Second Life and the organisation of cooperative meetings and various other events in Second Life. The overall length of training sessions has been one month. Each course has consisted of 3-5. 1.5 hour meetings in Second Life and interim tasks completed either individually or in small groups. In addition to Second Life, Moodle, an online learning environment, has been employed in which tasks, experiences and feedback have been gathered and which has also contained written summaries of what was learned during the Second Life meetings. The Second Life environment has also been regularly utilised in Citizens’ Forum staff and various other work group work related meetings.Funding and ventures 2008: Ministry of Education special funding, Initiation of Second Life courses and construction of environment 2009-2010: ESF programme Open Learning Environments-AVO venture, development and implementation of Second Life educational programmes.This article is based on practical experiences gained from Ø suitability of cooperative educational processes for Second LifeØ constructing a Second Life environment for educational useØ suitability of Second Life technology and tools for education and team workØ practical methods related to educational situations .

  3. Efeito da fermentação aeróbia na viabilidade de ovos de nematódeos trichostrongilídeos Viability of trichostrongylid nematode eggs after aerobic fermentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terezinha Padilha Charles

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available O efeito da fermentação aeróbia na viabilidade de avos de nematódeos trichostrongilídeos foi avaliado em um sistema em que fezes de ovinos contendo ovos de Haemonchus contortus foram imersas em um tanque de fermentação dotado de aerador mecânico intermitente e fezes de bovinos com ovos de nematódeos trichostrongilídeos havendo predomínio de Cooperia sp. foram deixadas fermentar em depósitos a campo. Amostras dos ovos submetidas aos dois processos de fermentação foram colhidas em diferentes intervalos e cultivadas para extração das larvas infectantes. Ambos os processos de fermentação reduziram o número de ovos viáveis. Esterilização superior a 99% dos ovos foi obtida com 14 dias pós-exposição nos dois processos.The viability of gastrointestinal nematode eggs after aerobicfermentation was evaluated in two experiments. In the first, feces of sheep containing Haemonchus contorts eggs were submitted to aerobic fermentation by mechanical air pumping in a 300m³-capacity tank. In the second, bovine feces positive for eggs of the most common gastrointestinal nematodes were kept in a bovine fecal deposit in the field. Fecal samples from the two experiments were cultivated for the extraction of infective larvae. Both processes reduced the number of viable eggs. Reduction in the number of viable eggs were higher than 99% in both cases after 14 days of exposure.

  4. Redox cycling of a copper complex with benzaldehyde nitrogen mustard-2-pyridine carboxylic acid hydrazone contributes to its enhanced antitumor activity, but no change in the mechanism of action occurs after chelation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yinli; Li, Cuiping; Fu, Yun; Liu, Youxun; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Yanfang; Zhou, Pingxin; Yuan, Yanbin; Zhou, Sufeng; Li, Shaoshan; Li, Changzheng

    2016-03-01

    Many anticancer drugs used in the clinical have potent metal chelating ability. The formed metal complex(es) may exhibit improved (or antagonistic) antitumor activity. However, the underlying mechanism has received limited attention. Therefore, investigation of the mechanism involved in the change upon chelation is required to extend our understanding of the effects of various drugs. In the present study, the proliferation inhibition effect of benzaldehyde nitrogen mustard-2-pyridine carboxylic acid hydrazone (BNMPH) and its copper complex on tumor cell lines was investigated. The copper chelate exhibited almost a 10-fold increase in antitumor activity (with IC50 copper complex induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and caused upregulation of caspase 8 and Bax as well as the downregulation of Bcl-2, indicating that apoptosis was involved in the cytotoxic effects. DNA fragmentation noted in the comet assay further supported ROS involvement. The present study indicated that BNMPH and its copper complex effectively induced S phase arrest and the cell cycle arrest was associated with the downregulation of cyclin D1. The formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) and an increase in cleaved LC3-II demonstrated that autophagy occurred in the HepG2 cells treated with the agents. Taken together, BNMPH and its copper complex exhibited proliferation inhibition via apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and autophagy, which was dependent on ROS. The enhanced antitumor activity of the copper complex was due to its redox-cycling ability, but the mechanism was not altered compared to BNMPH. Our findings may significantly contribute to the understanding of the anti-proliferative effect of BNMPH and its copper complex.

  5. Waveform modeling of the seismic response of a mid-ocean ridge axial melt sill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Min; Stephen, R. A.; Canales, J. Pablo

    2017-12-01

    Seismic reflections from axial magma lens (AML) are commonly observed along many mid-ocean ridges, and are thought to arise from the negative impedance contrast between a solid, high-speed lid and the underlying low-speed, molten or partially molten (mush) sill. The polarity of the AML reflection ( P AML P) at vertical incidence and the amplitude vs offset (AVO) behavior of the AML reflections (e.g., P AML P and S-converted P AML S waves) are often used as a diagnostic tool for the nature of the low-speed sill. Time-domain finite difference calculations for two-dimensional laterally homogeneous models show some scenarios make the interpretation of melt content from partial-offset stacks of P- and S-waves difficult. Laterally heterogeneous model calculations indicate diffractions from the edges of the finite-width AML reducing the amplitude of the AML reflections. Rough seafloor and/or a rough AML surface can also greatly reduce the amplitude of peg-leg multiples because of scattering and destructive interference. Mid-crustal seismic reflection events are observed in the three-dimensional multi-channel seismic dataset acquired over the RIDGE-2000 Integrated Study Site at East Pacific Rise (EPR, cruise MGL0812). Modeling indicates that the mid-crustal seismic reflection reflections are unlikely to arise from peg-leg multiples of the AML reflections, P-to- S converted phases, or scattering due to rough topography, but could probably arise from deeper multiple magma sills. Our results support the identification of Marjanović et al. (Nat Geosci 7(11):825-829, 2014) that a multi-level complex of melt lenses is present beneath the axis of the EPR.

  6. Exercise-training-induced changes in metabolic capacity with age: the role of central cardiovascular plasticity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Eivind; Næss, Morten Svendsen; Hoff, Jan; Albert, Tobias Lie; Pham, Quan; Richardson, Russell S; Helgerud, Jan

    2014-04-01

    Although aging is typically associated with a decline in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), young and old subjects, of similar initial muscle metabolic capacity, increased quadriceps VO2max equally when this small muscle mass was trained in isolation. As it is unclear if this preserved exercise-induced plasticity with age is still evident with centrally challenging whole body exercise, we assessed maximal exercise responses in 13 young (24 ± 2 years) and 13 old (60 ± 3 years) males, matched for cycling VO2max (3.82 ± 0.66 and 3.69 ± 0.30 L min(-1), respectively), both before and after 8 weeks of high aerobic intensity cycle exercise training. As a consequence of the training both young and old significantly improved VO2max (13 ± 6 vs. 6 ± 7 %) and maximal power output (20 ± 6 vs. 10 ± 6 %, respectively) from baseline, however, the young exhibited a significantly larger increase than the old. Similarly, independently assessed maximal cardiac output (Q max) tended to increase more in the young (16 ± 14 %) than in the old (11 ± 12 %), with no change in a-vO2 difference in either group. Further examination of the components of Q max provided additional evidence of reduced exercise-induced plasticity in both maximal heart rate (young -3 %, old 0 %) and stroke volume (young 19 ± 15, old 11 ± 11 %) in the old. In combination, these findings imply that limited central cardiovascular plasticity may be responsible, at least in part, for the attenuated response to whole body exercise training with increasing age.

  7. A Study on the Performance and Electrochemistry of Bryophyllum pinnatum Leaf (BPL) Electrochemical Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Mamun, Mohammad; Khan, M. I.; Sarker, M. H.; Khan, K. A.; Shajahan, M.; Professor K. A. Khan Team

    2017-01-01

    The study was carried out to investigate on an innovative invention, Pathor Kuchi Leaf (PKL) electrochemical cell, which is fueled with PKL sap of widely available plant called Bryophyllum pinnatum as an energy source for use in PKL battery to generate electricity. This battery, a primary source of electricity, has several order of magnitude longer shelf-lives than the traditional Galvanic cell battery, is still under investigation. In this regard, we have conducted some experiments using various instruments including Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), Ultra-Violet Visible spectrophotometer (UV-Vis), pH meter, Ampere-Volt-Ohm Meter (AVO Meter) etc. The AAS, UV-Vis and pH metric analysis data provided that the potential and current were produced as the Zn electrode itself acts as reductant while Cu2+ and H+ ions are behaving as oxidant. The significant influence of secondary salt on current and potential leads to the dissociation of weak organic acids in PKL juice, and subsequent enrichment to the reactant ions by the secondary salt effects. However, the liquid junction potential was not as great as minimized with the opposite transference of organic acid anions and H+ ions as their dissimilar ionic mobilities. Moreover, the large value of equilibrium constant (K) implies the big change in Gibbs free energy (ΔG), revealed the additional electrical work in presence of PKL sap. This easily fabricated high performance PKL battery can show an excellent promise during the off-peak across the country-side. Dept. of Physics and Dept. of Chemistry.

  8. Interdisciplinary Research on Autism: Behavioral Measures in the Development of a Mouse Model of Autism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María I. Muñoz Blanco

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Un gran número de investigación biomédica ha reportado evidencia empírica respectoa la función de neuropéptidos específicos en el desarrollo de la sintomatologíadel autismo. Se sugiere que con el fin de obtener una mayor comprensión delautismo es necesario establecer un campo de investigación interdisciplinario enel cual es integren contribuciones tanto del Análisis Comportamental como de laBiología. En este estudio interdisciplinario preliminar, ratonas gestantes fueroninyectadas con lipopolisacárido – LPS (grupo experimental en el 17avo día degestación. Las camadas de estas ratonas fueron comparadas con camadas controlque no fueron inyectadas. Las mediciones de interacción social se realizaronen dos periodos, juvenil y adulto joven, utilizando un diseño ABAB que consistióen la presencia o ausencia de la madre en la cámara experimental. La interacciónsocial de cada cría se evaluó observando el número de acercamientos haciala madre. El promedio de velocidad, entendida como distancia recorrida sobretiempo, de cada ratón también fue calculado para cada sesión. Se concluye quees necesario un mayor refinamiento de la medida de interacción social utilizada,y que la introducción de una medida de desarrollo comportamental sería útil enla construcción de un modelo animal de autismo.

  9. Scattering of elastic waves from media with fracture-induced anisotropy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haugen, Geir Ultveit

    1996-12-31

    To characterize oil reservoirs, one must know the fracture systems even at large distances from the reservoir and this knowledge comes from seismic data. This thesis models and analyses wave propagation in fractured rocks. It uses effective medium theory to include the fracturing and obtains closed form solutions for the resulting stiffness coefficients for several geometries. A linearized expression provides a simple way of calculating the first-order effects of the fracturing. For isotropic media with one set of embedded fractures, their effect upon the directional velocities is quantified. Compact formulas are given for the plane-wave scattering matrix for amplitudes and for vertical energy flux. When the norm of the relative difference in the eigenvector matrices is assumed to be small, this enables a weak-contrast/weak-anisotropy approximation of the scattering matrix in anisotropic media to be found. To obtain this, a simple formula is derived for the inverse of the eigenvector matrix regardless of the normalization. The new formalism is used to derive a new analytical approximation of the P-wave reflection coefficient in the crack-strike and the crack-normal plane for a model consisting of shale over vertically fractured sandstone. These approximations show how the fracture information can be obtained from the azimuthal AVO response. Next, the impact of the fracturing on the properties of the sandstone layer is quantified. Finally, using a linear slip boundary condition to model the non-weldedness, it is shown that a fracture or fault may be thought of as having a set of characteristic widths, which roughly specify the wavelength range of acoustic energy that interacts with the fracture. Compact plane wave scattering coefficients are derived. These show that observation of reflected signals can provide significant information on the physical properties of the fracture, such as texture and the nature of the in filling fluids. 75 refs., 20 figs., 3 tabs.

  10. Methylone and MDPV activate autophagy in human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells: a new insight into the context of β-keto amphetamines-related neurotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Maria João; Amaral, Cristina; Correia-da-Silva, Georgina; Duarte, José Alberto; Bastos, Maria de Lourdes; Carvalho, Félix; Guedes de Pinho, Paula; Carvalho, Márcia

    2017-11-01

    Autophagy has an essential role in neuronal homeostasis and its dysregulation has been recently linked to neurotoxic effects of a growing list of psychoactive drugs, including amphetamines. However, the role of autophagy in β-keto amphetamine (β-KA) designer drugs-induced neurotoxicity has hitherto not been investigated. In the present study, we show that two commonly abused cathinone derivatives, 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone (methylone) and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), elicit morphological changes consistent with autophagy and neurodegeneration, including formation of autophagic vacuoles and neurite retraction in dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells. Methylone and MDPV prompted the formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) and lead to increased expression of the autophagy-associated protein LC3-II in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Electron microscopy confirmed the presence of autophagosomes with typical double membranes and autolysosomes in cells exposed to both β-KA. The autophagic flux was further confirmed using bafilomycin A1, a known inhibitor of the late phase of autophagy. Moreover, we showed that autophagy markers were activated before the triggering of cell death and caspase 3 activation, suggesting that β-KA-induced autophagy precedes apoptotic cell death. To address the role of oxidative stress in autophagy induction, we also investigated the effects of antioxidant treatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) on autophagy and apoptotic markers altered by these drugs. NAC significantly attenuated methylone- and MDPV-induced cell death by completely inhibiting the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and hampering both apoptotic and autophagic activity, suggesting that oxidative stress plays an important role in mediating autophagy and apoptosis elicited by these drugs.

  11. Moveout-based geometrical-spreading correction for PS-waves in layered anisotropic media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaoxia; Tsvankin, Ilya

    2008-06-01

    This paper is devoted to pre-stack amplitude analysis of reflection seismic data from anisotropic (e.g., fractured) media. Geometrical-spreading correction is an important component of amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) analysis, which provides high-resolution information for anisotropic parameter estimation and fracture characterization. Here, we extend the algorithm of moveout-based anisotropic spreading correction (MASC) to mode-converted PSV-waves in VTI (transversely isotropic with a vertical symmetry axis) media and symmetry planes of orthorhombic media. While the geometrical-spreading equation in terms of reflection traveltime has the same form for all wave modes in laterally homogeneous media, reflection moveout of PS-waves is more complicated than that of P-waves (e.g., it can become asymmetric in common-midpoint geometry). Still, for models with a horizontal symmetry plane, long-spread reflection traveltimes of PS waves can be well approximated by the Tsvankin-Thomsen and Alkhalifah-Tsvankin moveout equations, which are widely used for P-waves. Although the accuracy of the Alkhalifah-Tsvankin equation is somewhat lower, it includes fewer moveout parameters and helps to maintain the uniformity of the MASC algorithm for P- and PS-waves. The parameters of both moveout equations are obtained by least-squares traveltime fitting or semblance analysis and are different from those for P-waves. Testing on full-waveform synthetic data generated by the reflectivity method for layered VTI media confirms that MASC accurately reconstructs the plane-wave conversion coefficient from conventional-spread PS data. Errors in the estimated conversion coefficient, which become noticeable at moderate and large offsets, are mostly caused by the offset-dependent transmission loss of PS-waves.

  12. Slav beliefs on changelings

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    Radenković Ljubinko R.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Beliefs and legends that certain mythological creatures - fairies, witches, the devil, (vile, veštice, đavo, boginka, mamuna, baenik, domovoj, leshi etc. can take away the child from the mother and exchange it for its own in the image of the abducted child, are widespread with the West and East Slavs, while with the South Slavs they are found only in the northern parts, in Pannonia. Such demonic child is most often called: podmeče (with the Serbs, podvršće (with the Croats, podmenek (with the Slovenians, odmienjec (with the Poles, odminok (with the Ukrainians, obmen (with the Russians, etc. According to the folk beliefs, a changeling differs from the other children by its sluggish growth, voraciousness, and persistent desire to harm or spite other members of the household. Slav legends mention the ways of stealing the human and planting the demonic child (a, recognizing the demonic child (b, and disposing of it and restoring the rightful child (c. In order to prevent the demon from exchanging her child, the mother must observe certain rules of conduct during pregnancy and in the 40 days following the childbirth. Certain measures of magical protection are also undertaken, as: placing sharp iron objects near the nursing woman, then brooms, leaving the candle to burn all night, burning frankincense in her presence, sprinkling her with holy water, etc. The legends on changelings were most probably adopted by the Slavs from the neighboring western peoples (Germans, and included in the already present beliefs that the birth of a child is a gift from the other world, and that the mother must take great care of the gift and be grateful for it. Otherwise, the one bestowing the gift may take it away as well.

  13. DHI evaluation by combining rock physics simulation and statistical techniques for fluid identification of Cambrian-to-Cretaceous clastic reservoirs in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Nisar; Khalid, Perveiz; Shafi, Hafiz Muhammad Bilal; Connolly, Patrick

    2017-08-01

    The use of seismic direct hydrocarbon indicators is very common in exploration and reservoir development to minimise exploration risk and to optimise the location of production wells. DHIs can be enhanced using AVO methods to calculate seismic attributes that approximate relative elastic properties. In this study, we analyse the sensitivity to pore fluid changes of a range of elastic properties by combining rock physics studies and statistical techniques and determine which provide the best basis for DHIs. Gassmann fluid substitution is applied to the well log data and various elastic properties are evaluated by measuring the degree of separation that they achieve between gas sands and wet sands. The method has been applied successfully to well log data from proven reservoirs in three different siliciclastic environments of Cambrian, Jurassic, and Cretaceous ages. We have quantified the sensitivity of various elastic properties such as acoustic and extended elastic (EEI) impedances, elastic moduli (K sat and K sat-μ), lambda-mu-rho method (λρ and μρ), P-to-S-wave velocity ratio (V P/V S), and Poisson's ratio (σ) at fully gas/water saturation scenarios. The results are strongly dependent on the local geological settings and our modeling demonstrates that for Cambrian and Cretaceous reservoirs, K sat-μ, EEI, V P/V S, and σ are more sensitive to pore fluids (gas/water). For the Jurassic reservoir, the sensitivity of all elastic and seismic properties to pore fluid reduces due to high overburden pressure and the resultant low porosity. Fluid indicators are evaluated using two metrics: a fluid indicator coefficient based on a Gaussian model and an overlap coefficient which makes no assumptions about a distribution model. This study will provide a potential way to identify gas sand zones in future exploration.

  14. Optical satellite data volcano monitoring: a multi-sensor rapid response system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duda, Kenneth A.; Ramsey, Michael; Wessels, Rick L.; Dehn, Jonathan

    2009-01-01

    In this chapter, the use of satellite remote sensing to monitor active geological processes is described. Specifically, threats posed by volcanic eruptions are briefly outlined, and essential monitoring requirements are discussed. As an application example, a collaborative, multi-agency operational volcano monitoring system in the north Pacific is highlighted with a focus on the 2007 eruption of Kliuchevskoi volcano, Russia. The data from this system have been used since 2004 to detect the onset of volcanic activity, support the emergency response to large eruptions, and assess the volcanic products produced following the eruption. The overall utility of such integrative assessments is also summarized. The work described in this chapter was originally funded through two National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth System Science research grants that focused on the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument. A skilled team of volcanologists, geologists, satellite tasking experts, satellite ground system experts, system engineers and software developers collaborated to accomplish the objectives. The first project, Automation of the ASTER Emergency Data Acquisition Protocol for Scientific Analysis, Disaster Monitoring, and Preparedness, established the original collaborative research and monitoring program between the University of Pittsburgh (UP), the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), the NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, and affiliates on the ASTER Science Team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) as well as associates at the Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC) in Japan. This grant, completed in 2008, also allowed for detailed volcanic analyses and data validation during three separate summer field campaigns to Kamchatka Russia. The second project, Expansion and synergistic use

  15. Health promotion in the “Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Education Centers”in Ankara: Mixed methods research among women/Ankara’daKanser Erken Teşhis Tarama Eğitim Merkezlerinde sağlığı geliştirme:Kadınlar ile yürütülen karma yöntemli bir araştırma

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    Ozge Karadag Caman

    2013-12-01

    itim Merkezleri’nin (KETEM hizmetlerinin, özellikle hizmetlerin sağlığı geliştirme boyutuna odaklanarak değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.Yöntem: Araştırma grubunu, Ankara’da bulunan KETEM’lere başvuran ve izleme dönemi ile birlikte çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden 30-70 yaş arası 332 kadın oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada, karma veri toplama yöntemi (hizmet öncesi ve sonrası anket formları, tıbbi kayıtlar ve odak grup görüşmeleri kullanılmıştır. Niceliksel verilerin analizinde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, ki-kare testi, Fisher’in kesin ki-kare testi, McNemar`ın ki-kare testi, Bowker’in simetri testi ve bağımlı gruplarda t-testi kullanılmış, niteliksel verilerin analizinde ise görünür/açık içerik analizi yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Hizmet sonrası görüşülen katılımcıların (n=319 %97.5’i KETEM’lerin sunduğu hizmetlerden memnun kalmıştır. Katılımcıların kanserden korunmak için alınabilecek önlemler konusunda bilgi düzeyi, hizmet sonrasında anlamlı düzeyde artmıştır (p<0.001. Merkezlerde verilen eğitimler, kanserden korunmaya yönelik önlemler konusundaki bazı bilgileri artırmakla beraber, kendi kendine meme muayenesi sıklığının artması (p<0.001 dışında, diğer sağlık davranışları ile ilişkili bulunmamıştır (p>0.05. Sonuç: KETEM’lerden hizmet alan kadınların çoğu hizmetlerden memnun kalmış ve kanser taramaları ile ilgili sorun yaşamamıştır; ancak bulgular, merkezlerin mevcut hizmetlerinin, kanser konusunda farkındalığı arttırmakla birlikte sağlık davranışlarını önemli düzeyde etkilemediğini göstermektedir. Sağlığı geliştirme hizmetleri kapsamında; kanıta dayalı eğitim ve davranış müdahaleleri ile bu müdahaleleri izleme dönemlerini de içeren çok boyutlu bir yaklaşıma gereksinim vardır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kanser taraması, sağlığı geliştirme, sağlık eğitimi, sağlık davranışı, koruyucu sağlık hizmetleri   

  16. Memet Baydur Tiyatrosu ve Dramatik Bir Pazarlık Oyunu: Kamyon Memet Baydur Theatre A Dramatic Bargain Play: The Lorry

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    Kemal EROL

    2013-07-01

    li yılları kapsar. Yazar, bu tarihsel kapsamda yaşanılan olay ve olguları oyunlarına eleştirel bir bakış açısıyla yansıtır. Baydur’un tiyatro oyunları, toplumdaki sınıfsal çatışmalara, farklı kesimlerden gelen bireylerin yaşam koşullarına, iç dünyalarına ve kimlik arayışına ayna tutar. Oyunlarının ana eksenini olaylar değil, durumlar oluşturur. Her biri devlet tiyatrolarında ve özel tiyatrolarda sahnelenmiş bu metinler, genel olarak insana ve topluma dair bazı problematik gerçekleri sorgular.Kamyon (1990, yazarın ilk oyunu Limon (1982’dan sonra kaleme aldığı dokuzuncu oyunudur. Toplumun belli bir kesiminin bir ara zamanda görünen çetin çalışma koşullarını konu edinir. İktisadî ilişkiler yumağında derin bir hüzün uyandıran bu eser, yolda kalmışların; çaresizlikten ve alternatifsizten bunalanların, zorlu hayat koşulları içinde yardıma muhtaç kalmış göçmen köylü kesiminin yalın hikâyesidir. Ailesinin geçimi için kendi hayatını ortaya koymuş, kol gücünü pazarlık konusu yapmış, insanca yaşamaya hasret yeni dünya hamallarının dramıdır. Bu yönüyle Kamyon, yazarın ifadesiyle “bir pazarlık oyunu, hayatın pazarlığı”dır. Eser, toplumsal gerçekleri olduğu gibi değil ama geleneksel mizah anlayışı içinde tatlandırarak sahneye taşımayı hedeflemektedir.Tarama modelinde ele alınan çalışmada literatür taraması ve metin çözümlemesi yoluna gidilmiştir. Amaç, Memet Baydur tiyatrosunu genel hatlarıyla tanıtmak, Kamyon adlı oyununu kurgu, konu, dönem, kişi, tema ve dil-anlatım bakımından incelemek, bilimsel değerini belirlemektir.

  17. THE USAGE AND MEANING VARIETY OF THE +CA IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE +CA EKİNİN KULLANIM VE ANLAM ÇEŞİTLİLİĞİ

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    İbrahim TOSUN

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The suffix “+CA” used widely in every period of Turkish had the function of equality among case marker suffixes in the first scriptures. Today, it has both attained the aspect of being derivational affix widening usage and widened its usage of meaning in terms of concepts it matches. It can be proved that in written language of Turkish of Turkey this suffix is used in the function of derivational affix in a wide range and that it added different meanings to words considering the examples. Variety of functions and meanings of “+CA” in Turkish of Turkey it’s ability to combine and to form different words make it a function suffix, and besides it’s harmony with vowel harmony distinguishen it from Persian suffix +çe Today just a few words formed with this Persian suffix but not used in Turkish any more and which has no harmony with vowel harmony remained only in words. Türkçenin her döneminde işlek eklerden biri olarak kullanılan +CA eki ilk yazılı metinlerde ad durum ekleri arasında, eşitlik eki görevindedir. Bugüne gelinen süreçte bu ek hem kullanım alanını genişleterek yapım eki olma özelliği kazanmış, hem de karşıladığı kavramlar bakımından anlam alanını genişletmiştir. Türkiye Türkçesi ölçünlü dilinde bu ekin yaygın olarak yapım eki görevinde kullanıldığı ve sözcüklere farklı anlamlar kattığı, örneklerden yola çıkılarak kanıtlanabilmektedir. Türkiye Türkçesinde +CA ekinin görev ve anlam çeşitliliği, farklı türden sözcüklere ulanabilmesi ve değişik türden sözcükler türetebilmesi onu işlek bir ek haline getirirken; ünlü uyumlarına uyması ile de Farsça kökenli +çe ekinden ayrılmaktadır. Günümüzde bu Farsça ekle kurulmuş, Türkçede artık kullanım alanı bulamayan ve ünlü uyumlarına uymayan sınırlı sayıdaki sözcük sadece sözlüklerde kalmıştır.

  18. Fifth and Sixth Grade Students' Deficiencies on Word Problem Solving and Failures in the Problem Solving Process [Beşinci ve Altıncı Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Sözel Problemleri Çözme Konusundaki Yetersizlikleri ve Problem Çözümlerindeki Hataları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek Sezgin Memnun

    2014-08-01

    kalmışlar ve aritmetik işlemlerde hatalar yapmışlardır.

  19. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti İle Avusturya Cumhuriyeti Arasında 28 Ocak 1924 Tarihinde İmzalanan Dostluk Antlaşması, İkamet Ve Ticaret Mukaveleleri The Treaty Of Friendship, And Establishment And Trade Agreements Signed On January 28, 1924 Between The Republic Of Turkey And The Republic Of Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Servet ÖNCÜ

    2013-07-01

    ş ve Avusturya yoluna tek başına devam etmek zorunda kalmıştır. Bundan sonraki dönemde siyasi ve ekonomik olarak büyük sıkıntılar yaşayan Avusturya, II. Dünya Savaşı öncesi Almanya tarafından ilhak edilinceye kadar istikrarsızlıktan kurtulamamıştır. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Avusturya Cumhuriyeti 28 Ocak 1924 tarihinde İstanbul’da bir dostluk antlaşması ve ikamet ve ticaret sözleşmeleri imzalamışlardır. Bu antlaşma ve sözleşmeler iki devlete ve bu devletlerin vatandaşlarına oldukça avantajlı durumlar sağlamış ve I. Dünya Savaşı’ndan sonra İtilaf Devletleri’nin baskısı ile ilişkileri kesilmiş olan iki ülkeyi yeniden birbirine yaklaştırmıştır.

  20. Hindiba (Cichorium intybus L. Bitkisinden Myrosinaz Enziminin Saflaştırılması, Karakterize Edilmesi ve Kozmetik Alanında Kullanılabilirliğinin İncelenmesi

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    Nazan DEMİR

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Myrosinaz glukosinolatların hidrolizinden sorumlu bir enzimdir (E.C: 3.2.3.2 β-thioglucosidase, β-thioglucoside glucohydrolase olarak da bilinir. Kanserle mücadele için umut verici bileşikler olarak kabul edilen sinigrin, glukoraphanin (GRA ve glukoraphenin (GRE gibi ara yıkım ürünlerinden dolayı bazı alifatik glukosinolatlar oldukça ilgi çekmiş ve myrosinaz enziminin bu tümör küçültücü etkisi son yıllarda önem kazanmıştır. Bu çalışmada, myrosinaz amonyum sülfat çöktürmesi, Q-sepharose, Konkanavalin A sepharose afinite kromatografisi ile Hindiba'dan (Cichorium intybus'un L. homojen olarak saflaştırıldı. Saflaştırılan protein SDS- poliakrilamid jel elektroforezinde 35 kDa ağırlığında tek bir bant olarak gözlenmiştir. Enzim pH 8,0'de ve 70 °C' de maksimum aktivite göstermiştir. Saflaştırılmış enzim 1 yıldan fazla süreyle 4° C de sabit kalmıştır. Substrat olarak sinigrin kullanılarak, saflaştırılmış enzim için KM ve Vmax değerleri sırasıyla 0,02 ve 0,074 μmol glukoz. min–1.mg–1 olarak belirlenmiştir. Enzim askorbik asit (AA, EDTA, SDS ve β-merkaptoethanol tarafından güçlü bir şekilde aktive edilmiştir. Buna ek olarak, bazı iyonların myrosinaz enzim aktivitesi üzerine 10, 1 ve 0,1 mM'lık konsantrasyonlardaki etkileri (Cu2+, Ni2+, Ca2+ incelenmiş ve enzim aktivitesini önemli ölçüde etkiledikleri belirlenmiştir. Hindiba (Cichorium intybus'un L.'dan elde edilen myrosinaz enziminin kozmetikte kullanılabilirliliği araştırılmıştır. Çalışmada saf myrosinaz enzimi içeren krem oluşturulmuş ve karışım güneş lekesi ve benzeri cilt sorunları olan 10 gönüllü denek üzerinde 20 gün süreyle uygulanmıştır. Belirlenen gün sonunda deneklerde mevcut olan lekelerin şiddetinde kısmi azalmalar gözlenmiştir.

  1. Analysis of the varved clay accumulation in the Pärnu Bay area, Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalvans, Andis; Hang, Tiit

    2015-04-01

    solely by the basin depth and duration of the ice cover period. A normal grading is observed in most of the studied winter layers of individual varves. Relatively large errors in the estimated terminal grain size permits only to conclude that it is in line with previously reconstructed water depth constrained by the maximum possible duration of the lake ice cover. The research is supported by the European Union through the ESF Mobilitas grant No MJD309. References Hang, T., Kohv, M. 2013. Glacial varves at Pärnu, south-western Estonia: a local varve chronology and proglacial sedimentary environment. GFF, June, 37-41. doi:10.1080/11035897.2013.775598 Rosentau, A., Vassiljev, J., Hang, T., Saarse, L., Kalm, V. 2009. Development of the Baltic Ice Lake in the eastern Baltic. Quaternary International, 206(1-2), 16-23. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2008.10.005

  2. AN ASSAY ON A TURKISH FOLK MUSIC SONG FROM FENOMENOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE : 'YÜCE DAĞ BAŞINDA YANAR BİR IŞIK' FENOMENOLOJİK AÇIDAN BİR TÜRKÜ ÇÖZÜMLEMESİ: ‘YÜCE DAĞ BAŞINDA YANAR BİR IŞIK’

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    Sema ÖZHER KOÇ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Fairy tales, myths and legends, such as oral narratives of culture, on the one hand tells, by a symbolic language, changes and formations of national consciousness, other hand from universal mean contributes the string of existential values of people. Turkish folk songs bears great suffers, seperateness and happiness of Turkish society. They tells that from local dimensions to universal perspectives. So songs can be named as cultural memory element. Generally Turkish folk songs systematically have been studied comprehensively. They have not been classified to their topics and formal features and considered as simple texts. An assay on texts from fenomonoligical perspective may attribute to expose uncover layers of multi faceted meaning of folk narratives. Also that may reflects the fear, anxiety, hope, joy of subject and object that finds a life in songs. So we consider that will help to understand 'human'. Masal, efsane, destan ve mit gibi sözlü kültüre ait anlatılar bir yandan milli bilince ait değişim ve oluşumları simgesel bir dille anlatırken diğer yandan evrensel anlamda insanın varoluşsal değerler dizgesine katkı sağlar. Türk insanının büyük acılar, ayrılıklar ve sevinçler karşısındaki duyarlılığını yerelden evrensele genişleyen bir perspektif içerisinde açımlanabilecek biçimde anlatan türküleri de -bir kültürel bellek öğesi olarak- bu anlatılara dahil etmek yerinde olacaktır. Genel olarak konu ve biçimsel özellikleri bakımından tasnif edilmiş; yalın bir anlatıya sahip olduğu söylenerek bildirişim düzeyinde okunmuş türküler, metinde yer alan çağrışımsal anlam zenginliği bakımından sistematik biçimde henüz irdelenmemiştir. Türküler üzerine fenomenolojik açıdan yapılacak metin çözümlemelerinin bu anlatılarda gizil kalmış çok boyutlu anlam tabakalarını ortaya çıkararak türkülerde varlık gösteren “özne” ve “nesne”nin korku, kaygı, umut, co

  3. AN EVALUATION ON THE STORY OF ÖMER SEYFETTĠN’S YALNIZ EFE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ANIMA AND ANIMUS ANİMA-ANİMUS KAVRAMLARI ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖMER SEYFETTİN’İN YALNIZ EFE HİKÂYESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

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    Mehmet YILMAZ

    2012-01-01

    ıĢa vurduğunda kadının eril yanı kolaylıkla tanınabilir. Ömer Seyfettin, Yunanlıların Ġzmir’e girmesi üzerine, memleketi saran matem havasının tesirinde kalmıĢ, umudunu yitirmiĢ halka ve sanatçılara, dağa çıkan kız kahraman “Yalnız Efe” kişiliğinde Türk halkının direnme gücünü göstermek istemiĢtir. Nitekim eserini İzmir iĢgalinden otuz beĢ gün sonra yayımlamaya baĢlar. Bu çalışmada Türk destanlarındaki savaĢçı kadın figüründen de yararlanılarak hikâye kahramanı, sözü edilen kavramlar bağlamında değerlendirilmiĢtir.

  4. ABOUT THE IDIOM OF “DO AWAY WITH (SOMEONE'S FAMILY” “OCAĞINA İNCİR DİKMEK” DEYİMİ ÜZERİNE

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    Çimen ÖZÇAM

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Do away with (someone's family in the meaning of ruin someones’s household, destroy somebody’s family is very common idiom. Fig tree, growing up by itself between the ruined walls at the housetops of old buildings. This idiom identifying “ruin” with “fig”, associating these two each , settled and remained in the language. Why not another tree but fig tree? There are two stories ragarding this. One of them is with the planted fig tree into house, the extraordinary creatures believed to live under the fig tree, make households life miserable. The second one is fig tree whose roofs are long and durable, in the much need of water, in the pronsity to expan fast to the area where water is. Especially in rural areas at the gardens of abandoned houses; bottom of chimneys spontaneously self-grown fig trees are seen. The birds that are eating the fruits of fig-tree and dropping the pollen in to ground and leading growth of a huge tree in time is is pointed as a reason. Besides the figurative meaning, this idiom carries a real meaning and therefore it explains not to plant fig tee nearby the houses. Ocağına incir dikmek; evini barkını yıkmak, ocağını söndürmek anlamında çok yaygın bir deyimdir. İncir ağacının, yıkık duvarlar arasında, eski binaların damlarında kendiliğinden yetişmesinden olacak, yıkıntı ile inciri özdeşleştiren, birbirine yakıştıran bu deyim yerleşip kalmıştır. Neden başka ağaç değil de incir ağacı? Bununla ilgili iki rivayet vardır. Bunlardan biri; incir ağacının altında yaşadığına inanılan doğa üstü varlıkların, ocağa dikilen incirle birlikte ev sahiplerine hayatı zindan etmesidir. İkincisi ise; incir ağacı, suyu çok seven, kökleri uzun ve dayanıklı bir ağaç olduğu için, suyun bulunduğu yöne doğru hızla yayılma eğilimindedir. Özellikle kırsal alanlardaki terk edilmiş evlerin içinde, bahçesinde; baca diplerinde kendiliğinden incir ağacı yeti

  5. Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi Hastanesinde Değerlendirilen Ensest Olgularının Sosyodemografik Özellikleri

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    Rıza Yılmaz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Amaç: Ensest, kanunlar tarafından evlenmesi yasaklanmış aile üyeleri ve akrabalık ilişkilerini de içeren yakın kan bağı olan kişiler arasındaki seksüel aktivite olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Çocuğun cin- sel istismarının bir çeşidi olan ensest konusunda Türkiye’de az sayıda çalışma bulunması nedeniyle Zonguldak ilinde ensest olayının özelliklerini anlayabilmek amacıyla Mahkeme veya Savcılıklardan Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi (BEÜ Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi’ne gön- derilen olgular sosyodemografik olarak değerlendirilmiştir. Gereç ve Yöntem: BEÜ Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi Adli Tıp Polikliniği’ne Temmuz 2010-Haziran 2014 tarihleri arasında adli rapor düzenlenmesi amacıyla gönderilen ensest olgularında yaş, cinsiyet, eğitim durumu, saldırı-istismar tipi ve sıklığı, zeka düzeyi, psikiyatrik muayene bulguları ve saldırganla akrabalık derecesi retrospektif olarak incelenmiştir. Bulgular: BEÜ Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi Adli Tıp Polikliniği’ne ensest olgu olarak gönderilen 3-38 yaşları arasındaki olguların 38’i kadın, 1’i erkek olmak üzere toplam 39 olgudan oluşmaktadır. Enseste maruz kalmış olgular eğitim açısından incelendiğinde 10 tanesinin 7 yaşından küçük olması nedeniyle henüz okula başlamadığı, 2 tanesinin yaşının büyüklüğüne rağmen okula hiç gönderilmedikleri, ilköğretim sonrası devam etmeyen olgu sayısının ise 6 kişi olduğu gözlenmiştir. Sonuç: Tüm toplumu sağlık, eğitim, sosyal, ekonomik ve politik yönden ilgilendiren ve çözümü için de tüm bu alanları kapsayacak şekilde multidisipliner yaklaşım gerektiren ensest olaylarını önlemek için kısa, orta ve uzun dönemde, bölgesel ve tüm ülke çapında hazırlanacak planlarla önlemler alarak ensest olguları en aza indirebilir ve hatta ortadan kaldırabilir.

  6. [Metastatic prostate cancer complicated with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulopathy causing acute renal failure, mimicking thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome: pathomechanism, differential diagnosis and therapy related to a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deme, Dániel; Ragán, Márton; Kalmár, Katalin; Kovács, Lajos; Varga, Erzsébet; Varga, Tünde; Rakonczai, Ervin

    2010-12-01

    in the peripheral blood), normal INR, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ARF suggested TTP-HUS. Hemodialysis and six plasmaferesis (PF) were carried out. After the fifth PF, skin manifestations of thrombotic microangiopathy occurred on the feet. Clotting analysis revealed elevated D-dimer (>5 μg/mL), normal fibrinogen (3.2 g/L), a slightly raised INR (1.36) and activated partial prothrombin time (APTT) (45.8 sec), normal reticulocyte (57 G/L) and a slightly low platelet count (123 G/L), which proved to be chronic DIC. Therapeutic dose of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) was started. Elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (109.6 ng/mL) suggested prostatic carcinoma. Prostate biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma (Gleason: 4+4 for left lobe and 3+3 for right lobe). Elevated alkaline phosphatase suggested metastases in the bone, which were confirmed by bone scintigraphy. Combined androgen blockade (CAB) was started. After three months follow-up our patient's status is satisfactory. PSA is in the normal range (4.6 ng/mL). Thrombocytopenia of uncertain origin with normal or raised INR, APTT, elevated D-dimer, normal fibrinogen and reticulocyte count prove the diagnosis of chronic DIC. This process warrants searching for metastatic neoplasia. Due to the relatively low serum levels of circulating procoagulant factors (e.g. tissue factor), therapeutic dose of LMWH can be used with good efficiency in chronic DIC with low risk of bleeding. Severe DIC as a complication of metastatic prostate cancer can be treated by androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or CAB in combination with ketokonazole and concomitant use of supportive treatment. Deme D, Ragán M, Kovács L, Kalmár K, Varga E, Varga T, Rakonczai E. Metastatic prostate cancer complicated with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulopathy causing acute renal failure mimicking thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome: pathomechanism, differential diagnosis and therapy related to a case.

  7. Global transcriptional analysis of nitrogen fixation and ammonium repression in root-associated Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Wei

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Biological nitrogen fixation is highly controlled at the transcriptional level by regulatory networks that respond to the availability of fixed nitrogen. In many diazotrophs, addition of excess ammonium in the growth medium results in immediate repression of nif gene transcription. Although the regulatory cascades that control the transcription of the nif genes in proteobacteria have been well investigated, there are limited data on the kinetics of ammonium-dependent repression of nitrogen fixation. Results Here we report a global transcriptional profiling analysis of nitrogen fixation and ammonium repression in Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501, a root-associated and nitrogen-fixing bacterium. A total of 166 genes, including those coding for the global nitrogen regulation (Ntr and Nif-specific regulatory proteins, were upregulated under nitrogen fixation conditions but rapidly downregulated as early as 10 min after ammonium shock. Among these nitrogen fixation-inducible genes, 95 have orthologs in each of Azoarcus sp. BH72 and Azotobacter vinelandii AvoP. In particular, a 49-kb expression island containing nif and other associated genes was markedly downregulated by ammonium shock. Further functional characterization of pnfA, a new NifA-σ54-dependent gene chromosomally linked to nifHDK, is reported. This gene encodes a protein product with an amino acid sequence similar to that of five hypothetical proteins found only in diazotrophic strains. No noticeable differences in the transcription of nifHDK were detected between the wild type strain and pnfA mutant. However, the mutant strain exhibited a significant decrease in nitrogenase activity under microaerobic conditions and lost its ability to use nitrate as a terminal electron acceptor for the support of nitrogen fixation under anaerobic conditions. Conclusions Based on our results, we conclude that transcriptional regulation of nif gene expression in A1501 is mediated by the nif

  8. Methods to improve the resolution of prestack migrated images, with application to a 3D dataset from a fractured reservoir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Gabriel

    I present three different methods to achieve increased definition in images from conventional seismic data, as illustrated with 3D data from the Fort Worth Basin's Barnett Shale fractured reservoir play, currently one of the hottest exploration and production trends in continental U.S. First, I present a method to correct for wavelet stretch in common-angle prestack migrated data. Wavelet stretch adversely influences contributions to the image from large angle or long offset data. Increasing the fidelity of large angles improves the vertical and lateral resolution in images from seismic data and from derived attributes, and positively impact AVA/AVO analysis. Achieving the greatest potential of this technique demands that I address the increased sensitivity to velocity errors and anisotropy. The other two methods presented here benefit from the balance in spectral content of the imaged data across angles and the increased resolution that are achieved from correcting for wavelet stretch. Then I introduce a new way to define azimuth binning in Kirchhoff prestack migration. This approach avoids mixing the typically weaker side-scattered energy with the stronger reflections from the sagittal plane. With the modified binning, signal and noise events are preferentially imaged in azimuth orientations normal to their apparent strike orientation, in surface- or map-views. This modified azimuthal binning also results in improved detection of out-of-the-plane steeply dipping reflectors, fractures and faults and their orientation, especially when combined with attributes such as curvature and coherence. Finally, I present an approach to measure lateral misalignment in prestack migrated seismic images and then correct for it by applying a warping procedure to these images. Though velocity errors are the most likely source for misalignment between images, it can also result from other imperfections in the imaging procedure. Lateral misalignment is most easily recognized and

  9. Tying rock properties from core to depositional processes and examining the relationship through forward seismic reflection modeling in the Kaiparowits Plateau, Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dworsky, Karenth

    Nearshore fluvial to tidal transitional depositional systems are becoming increasingly important due to the large number of global hydrocarbon reserves held in such deposits. These deposits are inherently complex due to their heterolithic nature and therefore, interpreting facies and facies relationships in seismic reflection profiles is problematic. The fluvial and tidally influenced nearshore deposits of the late Cretaceous John Henry Member (JHM) of the Straight Cliffs Formation, located in the Kaiparowits Plateau of southern Utah, offers an excellent opportunity to improve our understanding of how the fluvial to tidal transition impacts subsurface petroleum reservoirs and their expression in seismic reflection profiles. The focus of the first chapter is to investigate the impact of heterogeneous depositional environments and their rock properties to model amplitude versus offset (AVO) using a single core. Core EP-25 exhibits lithofacies from a progradational succession, from shoreface through tidal to fluvial. In order to model the most likely lithofacies stacking patterns present in the core, Markov Chain analysis was conducted. Benchtop measurements performed on 1 inch core plugs obtained rock properties (Vp, Vs, density, permeability, and porosity) for each lithofacies. Average rock properties for each lithofacies were used to generate synthetic seismic reflection models of the different upward fining facies associations documented directly from the core, in order to model variations in amplitude versus offset responses as a function of variable tidal influence. The focus of the second chapter is to capture probable 3-dimensional geobody distributions with a particular focus on coal geobody distribution using previously studied cores and outcrops on the plateau. Three different seismic forward models were created ranging in complexity, using cores EP-25, EP-07, density logs, and the nearby outcrop study Left Hand Collet. The rock properties obtained from the

  10. Occurrence and spread of antibiotic resistances in Enterococcus faecium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klare, Ingo; Konstabel, Carola; Badstübner, Dietlinde; Werner, Guido; Witte, Wolfgang

    2003-12-01

    Enterococci are the second to third most important bacterial genus in hospital infections. Especially Enterococcus (E.) faecium possesses a broad spectrum of natural and acquired antibiotic resistances which are presented in detail in this paper. From medical point of view, the transferable resistances to glycopeptides (e.g., vancomycin, VAN, or teicoplanin, TPL) and streptogramins (e.g., quinupristin/dalfopristin, Q/D) in enterococci are of special interest. The VanA type of enterococcal glycopeptide resistance is the most important one (VAN-r, TPL-r); its main reservoir is E. faecium. Glycopeptide-resistant E. faecium (GREF) can be found in hospitals and outside of them, namely in European commercial animal husbandry in which the glycopeptide avoparcin (AVO) was used as growth promoter in the past. There are identical types of the vanA gene clusters in enterococci from different ecological origins (faecal samples of animals, animal feed, patients in hospitals, persons in the community, waste water samples). Obviously, across the food chain (by GREF-contaminated meat products), these multiple-resistant bacteria or their vanA gene clusters can reach humans. In hospital infections, widespread epidemic-virulent E. faecium isolates of the same clone with or without glycopeptide resistance can occur; these strains often harbour different plasmids and the esp gene. This indicates that hospital-adapted epidemic-virulent E. faecium strains have picked up the vanA gene cluster after they were already widely spread. The streptogramin virginiamycin was also used as feed additive in commercial animal husbandry in Europe for more than 20 years, and it created reservoirs for streptogramin-resistant E. faecium (SREF). In 1998/1999, SREF could be isolated in Germany from waste water of sewage treatment plants, from faecal samples and meat products of animals that were fed virginiamycin (cross resistance to Q/D), from stools of humans in the community, and from clinical samples

  11. PBO-Style Seismic and Geodetic Monitoring at Frequently-Active Aleutian Arc Volcanoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, T. L.; Power, J. A.; Freymueller, J. T.; Tytgat, G.; Moran, S. C.; Lisowski, M.; Johnston, M. J.; Pauk, B. A.; Caplan-Auerbach, J.; Paskievitch, J. F.; Plucinski, T. A.; McNutt, S. R.; Petersen, T.; Mann, D.

    2002-12-01

    A major goal of EarthScope and the Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) is to obtain real-time data on the dynamics of magma transport and the physical processes surrounding magmatic intrusions before, during, and after eruption. To accomplish this the PBO has selected five active Aleutian arc volcanic centers for instrumentation; Augustine, Pavlof, Unimak Island (the location of Isanotski, Shishaldin, Fisher Caldera, and Westdahl Volcano), Akutan, and Okmok. Six of these volcanoes have erupted within the last 20 years and four are known to be actively deforming. The frequency of eruptive activity at these volcanoes, as well as diverse chemistry of erupted products, makes these volcanic centers unique natural laboratories within the North American plate boundary system for studying active volcanism. During the summer of 2002 the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) began deployment of PBO-style networks consisting of continuous GPS receivers collocated with broadband seismometers at Akutan Volcano and Okmok Caldera. Five GPS receivers were installed in 2002, and are recording on-site. Three GPS receivers on Okmok radio data approximately 70 km to Dutch Harbor. The radio system provides full duplex serial communication between the instruments at each remote site and the central recording system in Dutch Harbor. Planned 2003 work includes adding broadband seismometers to the existing sites and adding three more sites for a total of four telemetered broadband-GPS sites on each volcano. These deployments complement short-period seismic networks that were deployed on Akutan Volcano and Okmok Caldera in 1996 and 2002 and campaign GPS measurements begun in 1996 and 2000, respectively. The instruments installed this year and the addition of the broadband seismometers in 2003 will greatly improve our ability to study volcanic processes. Once the existing networks are enhanced by additional instrumentation through PBO, they will provide the opportunity to study the mechanics and

  12. Broadening the Quality and Capabilities of the EarthScope Alaska Transportable Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busby, R. W.

    2016-12-01

    In 2016, the EarthScope Transportable Array (TA) program will have 195 broadband seismic stations operating in Alaska and western Canada. This ambitious project will culminate in a network of 268 new or upgraded real-time seismic stations operating through 2019. The challenging environmental conditions and the remoteness of Alaska have motivated a new method for constructing a high-quality, temporary seismic network. The Alaska TA station design builds on experience of the Lower 48 TA deployment and adds design requirements because most stations are accessible only by helicopter. The stations utilize new high-performance posthole sensors, a specially built hammer/auger drill, and lightweight lithium ion batteries to minimize sling loads. A uniform station design enables a modest crew to build the network on a short timeline and operate them through the difficult conditions of rural Alaska. The Alaska TA deployment has increased the quality of seismic data, with some well-sited 2-3 m posthole stations approaching the performance of permanent Global Seismic Network stations emplaced in 100 m boreholes. The real-time data access, power budget, protective enclosure and remote logistics of these TA stations has attracted collaborations with NASA, NOAA, USGS, AVO and other organizations to add auxiliary sensors to the suite of instruments at many TA stations. Strong motion sensors have been added to (18) stations near the subduction trench to complement SM stations operated by AEC, ANSS and GSN. All TA and most upgraded stations have pressure and infrasound sensors, and 150 TA stations are receiving a Vaisala weather sensor, supplied by the National Weather Service Alaska Region and NASA, capable of measuring temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind speed/direction, and precipitation intensity. We are also installing about (40) autonomous soil temperature profile kits adjacent to northern stations. While the priority continues to be collecting seismic data, these

  13. High Resolution/High Fidelity Seismic Imaging and Parameter Estimation for Geological Structure and Material Characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ru-Shan Wu, Xiao-Bi Xie, Thorne Lay

    2005-06-06

    In this project, we develop new theories and methods for multi-domain one-way wave-equation based propagators, and apply these techniques to seismic modeling, seismic imaging, seismic illumination and model parameter estimation in 3D complex environments. The major progress of this project includes: (1) The development of the dual-domain wave propagators. We continue to improve the one-way wave-equation based propagators. Our target is making propagators capable of handling more realistic velocity models. A wide-angle propagator for transversely isotropic media with vertically symmetric axis (VTI) has been developed for P-wave modeling and imaging. The resulting propagator is accurate for large velocity perturbations and wide propagation angles. The thin-slab propagator for one-way elastic-wave propagation is further improved. With the introduction of complex velocities, the quality factors Qp and Qs have been incorporated into the thin-slab propagator. The resulting viscoelastic thin-slab propagator can handle elastic-wave propagation in models with intrinsic attenuations. We apply this method to complex models for AVO modeling, random media characterization and frequency-dependent reflectivity simulation. (2) Exploring the Information in the Local Angle Domain. Traditionally, the local angle information can only be extracted using the ray-based method. We develop a wave-equation based technique to process the local angle domain information. The approach can avoid the singularity problem usually linked to the high-frequency asymptotic method. We successfully apply this technique to seismic illumination and the resulting method provides a practical tool for three-dimensional full-volume illumination analysis in complex structures. The directional illumination also provides information for angle-domain imaging corrections. (3) Elastic-Wave Imaging. We develop a multicomponent elastic migration method. The application of the multicomponent one-way elastic propagator

  14. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

    2001-05-01

    This semi-annual technical progress report is for Task 4 site evaluation, Task 5 seismic reflection design and acquisition, and Task 6 seismic reflection processing and interpretation on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford. During this reporting period the project had an ASME peer review. The findings and recommendation of the review panel, as well at the project team response to comments, are in Appendix A. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM and the peer review it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as monitoring to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. Under the rescope of the project, Task 4 would be performed at the Charleston Navy Weapons Station, Charleston, SC and not at the Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) project at SRS. The project team had already completed Task 4 at the M-area seepage basin, only a few hundred yards away from the DUS site. Because the geology is the same, Task 4 was not necessary. However, a Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) was conducted in one well to calibrate the geology to the seismic data. The first deployment to the DUS Site (Tasks 5 and 6) has been completed. Once the steam has been turned off these tasks will be performed again to compare the results to the pre-steam data. The results from the first deployment to the DUS site indicated a seismic amplitude anomaly at the location and depths of the known high concentrations of DNAPL. The deployment to another site with different geologic conditions was supposed to occur during this reporting period. The first site selected was DOE Paducah, Kentucky. After almost eight months of negotiation, site access was denied requiring the selection of another site

  15. Intermediate-Term Declines in Seismicity at Two Volcanoes in Alaska Following the Mw7.9 Denali Fault Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNutt, S. R.; Sanchez, J. J.; Moran, S. C.; Power, J. A.

    2002-12-01

    The Mw7.9 Denali Fault earthquake provided an opportunity to look for intermediate-term (days to weeks) responses of Alaskan volcanoes to shaking from a large regional earthquake. The Alaska Volcano Observatory monitors 24 volcanoes with seismic networks. We examined one station for each volcano, generally the closest (typically 5 km from the vent) unless noise, site response, or other factors made the data unusable. Data were digitally bandpass filtered between 0.8 and 5 Hz to reduce noise from microseisms and wind. Data for the period three days before to three days after the Mw7.9 earthquake were then plotted at a standard scale used for AVO routine monitoring. Shishaldin volcano, which has a background rate of several hundred seismic events per day on station SSLS, showed no change from before to after the earthquake. Veniaminof volcano, which has had recent mild eruptions and a rate of several dozen seismic events per day on station VNNF, suffered a drop in seismicity at the time of the earthquake by a factor of 2.5; this lasted for 15 days. We tested this result using a different station, VNSS, and a different method of counting (non-filtered data on helicorder records) and found the same result. We infer that Veniaminof's activity was modified by the Mw7.9 earthquake. Wrangell, the closest volcano, had a background rate of about 10 events per day. Data from station WANC could not be measured for 8 days after the Mw7.9 earthquake because the large number of aftershocks precluded identification of local seismicity. For the following eight days, however, its seismicity rate was 30 percent lower than before. While subtle, we infer that this may be related to the earthquake. It is known that Wrangell increased its heat output after the Mw9.2 Alaska earthquake of 1964 and again after the Ms7.1 St. Elias earthquake of 1979. The other 21 volcanoes showed no changes in seismicity from 3 days before to 3 days after the Mw7.9 event. We conclude that intermediate

  16. A comparison between two global optimization algorithms (genetic and differential evolution) to calculate the reflection coefficients in fractured media; Uma comparacao entre dois algoritmos de otimizacao global (algoritmo genetico e evolucao diferencial) para inversao de coeficientes de reflexao em meios fraturados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanzeler, Francisco Joclean Alves

    1999-06-01

    P-wave the elastic parameter of fractured media and contribute to improve the use of azimuthal AVO analyses. (author)

  17. Köy Edebiyatı Ve Türk Edebiyatında Köye “İçerden” Bakış Doğuşu, Etkileri, Sonuçları Village Literature And An “Emic Look” At The Village In Turkish Literature: Its Birth, Effects And Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erol ÇANKAYA

    2013-07-01

    . Therefore, these works can be valued associological documentsas well as literary pieces. This movement notonly conveyed the reality of the village from first hand as a mainstreamuntil 1970s in Turkish literature, but also affected the non-ruralauthors’ interest in the village reality. Türkiye’de modern edebiyat 1839’da Tanzimat hareketi ile başlamakla beraber, uzun yıllar İstanbul merkezli kalmış, Anadolu’ya açılamamıştır. Anadolu’nun Türk edebiyatındaki varlığının ancak Türkçülük akımına bağlı olarak ortaya çıktığı görülür. Bu süreçte aydın, hem halktaki milli kültürü özümsemek ve hem de köyü canlandırmak gibi ikili bir görevle halka, köye gitmek durumundadır. Yeni Türkiye’nin kuruluşuyla, edebiyattaki bu yönelişin hızlandığı görülmektedir. Ne var ki Halkevleri kanalıyla sürdürülen bu Halka Doğru hareketi büyük ölçüde “turistik” kalmış, kentli aydının köyde yaptığı “piknik” olmaktan kurtulamamıştır. Cumhuriyetin “sınıfsız Halkçılık” ilkesinin sonucu olarak bu hareket romantik bir Köycülük hareketi olmaktan öteye gidememiştir. Bu edebiyat, büyük ölçüde, köyü ziyarete gelen kentli aydının “ordaki köy”e “dışarıdan bakış”ının eseri olmaktan öteye gidememiştir.Bu yapının ancak, Cumhuriyet döneminde Anadolu insanının, eğitim olanaklarına kavuşması, bir kısmının yazar olmaya başlamasıyla değiştiği görülür. Bu noktada ise 1940’larda faaliyette bulunan Köy Enstitüleri önemli rol oynamıştır. Köy Enstitüleri’nde eğitim gören on binlerce gençten kimilerinin yazar olacağı bir süreç başlamıştır. Bunların ilk örneği Mahmut Makal ve Bizim Köy (1950 adlı yapıtıdır. Bizim Köy ile başlayan bu yöneliş, Fakir Baykurt, Talip Apaydın, Başaran, Dursun Akçam vb. Köy Enstitüsü mezunu köy kökenli gençlerin edebiyata girişleriyle güçlenerek bir “köy edebiyatı”nın oluşmasını sa

  18. The calembour in Rabbi Raphael Aharon Monsonego’s “Neot midbar”

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    Lavi, Tamar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Rabbi Raphael Aharon Monsonego was a Moroccan rabbi who lived in the 18th-19th centuries. His literary creation is extensive, and apart from halachic texts he wrote a series of poems that are characterized by abundant use of the calembour technique. The calembour (in English, pun is a specific type of allusion used by North African Jewish poets and writers. Like all allusions it is based on “a meeting of two texts, one implicit – i.e., in our consciousness and memory, and the other explicit – i.e., in the actual text in front of us.” A calembour differs from other types of allusions in that it consists of “phonetic and spelling changes in the words, idioms and fragmented verses in order to gain a humorous effect and other associative allusion.” Namely, in the calembour a word or phrase from a biblical or rabbinic text is presented “with a minimal change in letter or vowel etc. […] creating a witticism or a new meaning.” The author assumes, then, that the reader is able to intuitively identify the original text despite the changes made and even enjoy and appreciate the linguistic witticism since he is well-versed in the Jewish sources (especially the Hebrew Bible and halachic literature. The aim of this paper is to examine the use of the calembour in Monsonego’s poetry through several examples of its different forms and especially through the analysis of one of the poems that features a larger use of this technique: “Im omar avo ha-‘ir” (‘If I resolve to arouse lament’.R. Raphael Aharón Monsonego fue un rabino marroquí que vivió entre los siglos XVIII y XIX. Su extensa obra literaria incluye textos religiosos de la Halajá, como también poemas que se caracterizan por el frecuente recurso a la técnica del calambur, por la cual hace referencia a versos bíblicos en un contexto diferente. El calambur es un artificio lingüístico, un tipo de alusión utilizada por poetas judíos del norte de África, que est

  19. Time lapse seismic observations and effects of reservoir compressibility at Teal South oil field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Nayyer

    One of the original ocean-bottom time-lapse seismic studies was performed at the Teal South oil field in the Gulf of Mexico during the late 1990's. This work reexamines some aspects of previous work using modern analysis techniques to provide improved quantitative interpretations. Using three-dimensional volume visualization of legacy data and the two phases of post-production time-lapse data, I provide additional insight into the fluid migration pathways and the pressure communication between different reservoirs, separated by faults. This work supports a conclusion from previous studies that production from one reservoir caused regional pressure decline that in turn resulted in liberation of gas from multiple surrounding unproduced reservoirs. I also provide an explanation for unusual time-lapse changes in amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) data related to the compaction of the producing reservoir which, in turn, changed an isotropic medium to an anisotropic medium. In the first part of this work, I examine regional changes in seismic response due to the production of oil and gas from one reservoir. The previous studies primarily used two post-production ocean-bottom surveys (Phase I and Phase II), and not the legacy streamer data, due to the unavailability of legacy prestack data and very different acquisition parameters. In order to incorporate the legacy data in the present study, all three post-stack data sets were cross-equalized and examined using instantaneous amplitude and energy volumes. This approach appears quite effective and helps to suppress changes unrelated to production while emphasizing those large-amplitude changes that are related to production in this noisy (by current standards) suite of data. I examine the multiple data sets first by using the instantaneous amplitude and energy attributes, and then also examine specific apparent time-lapse changes through direct comparisons of seismic traces. In so doing, I identify time-delays that, when

  20. Production-induced changes in reservoir geomechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoyedo, Sunday O.

    sensitivity of the reservoir and overburden shale of Forties Field, I observe that while pore pressure variations have not been significant in most parts of the field, a relatively higher decrease in pore pressure in a region of the reservoir has affected the geomechanical properties of both reservoir and overlying rock strata . I found that strain development in the field accounts, in part, for increased reservoir sand production and a negative velocity change in the overburden, which provides an indication of dilation. I use changes in the AVO intercept and gradient calibrated with laboratory measurements to decouple the time-lapse (4D) difference into saturation and pressure changes. Furthermore, I propose a new modification to time-lapse AVO inversion workflows to account for the effect of porosity change in measurements of time-lapse difference. This is particularly crucial in highly-compacting chalk and poorly consolidated clastic reservoirs. Rock-physics-driven inversion of 3D pre-stack seismic data plays a prominent role in the characterization of both reservoir and overburden rocks. Understanding the rock physics of the overburden rock is required for efficient production of the reservoir and to safeguard wellbore, down-hole assembly and supporting surface facilities. Taking Forties Field as a case study, I observe that while instability and subsequent failure of the overburden in the field can be linked to the rapid decrease of the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) at inclinations close to 45 degrees to the bedding plan, some zones in the overburden are characterized by extreme weakness regardless of the well angle through the rock. I use the correlation between unconfined compressive strength and elastic moduli (Young's and Bulk moduli), coupled with the results of simultaneous inversion to derive 3D elastic moduli, calibrated to laboratory measurements, to characterize the zones of extreme weakness. Time-lapse gravimetry continues to find increasing

  1. İkinci Dünya Savaşı Sonrasında Sovyet Tehdidi Karşısında Kalan Türkiye'nin Batı İle İşbirliği Yapma Süreci After the Second World War Against the Soviet Threat in Western Turkey to Cooperate With the Remaining Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman YALÇIN

    2013-07-01

    şmüştür.Savaşın sona ermesi ile savaşan taraflar silah bırakmasına rağmen Türkiye 1.700.000 askeri silâhaltında tutmak zorunda kalmıştır. Ekonomik sorunlar ve ülkenin Sovyetler Birliği tarafından tehdit edilmesi oldukça önemli bir problem sahası olmuştur. Bu durum karşısında Türkiye, Batılı ülkeler ile ilişkilerini geliştirmek için yeni arayışlara girmiştir. Türk ordusunun gereksinimleri için Amerikan yardımı alınmıştır. Amerikan yardımları; Truman Doktrini ve Marşal Yardımı isimleri ile bilinmektedir. Marşal Yardımına sonradan dâhil olan Türkiye bu kapsamda desteklenmiştir. Bu desteğin bir sonucu olarak silah sistemleri oldukça ucuza alınmıştır. Bir süre sonra ise alınan silah sistemlerinin yedek parçaları önemli bir maliyet oluşturmuştur.Savaş, Avrupa’da tarihin en büyük yıkımına neden olmuştur. Öyle ki, Birinci Dünya Savaşı sonunda ekonomisi çökmeye başlayan ve iki dünya savaşı arasında bu durumu toparlamaya çalışan başta İngiltere olmak üzere Avrupa’nın ve dünyanın belirleyici güçleri için bu savaş büyük bir yıkım olmuştur. Dünyada önemli bir güç dengesi dönüşümü ve eksen kayması yaşanmıştır. Ne var ki, yeni güç odakları tecrübe yoksunudurlar ve gelecekle ilgili öngörüleri hemen hemen yok derecesindedir. Yalta ve Potsdam Konferanslarında alınan kararlar bu durumun belgesi hükmündedir. Öte yandan savaş yıllarında savaşan taraflar beklenmedik ittifaklar yapmışlar ve bu durum savaşın tam da ortasında kalan Türkiye için büyük riskleri beraberinde getirmiştir. Türkiye, tarafını değişen dengeler sebebiyle savaşın sonuna kadar netleştirememiştir. Türkiye bulunduğu konum itibariyle savaşan tarafların ortasında kalan bir ülke olarak tarafların yoğun baskısına maruz kalmıştır. Ancak bununla birlikte Batı çizgisine daha yakın durduğu da bir gerçektir. Savaşın sonunda çöken Batı dünyası kendini

  2. Comparing Clinical and Economic Outcomes Associated with Early Initiation of Combination Therapy of an Alpha Blocker and Dutasteride or Finasteride in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DerSarkissian, Maral; Xiao, Yongling; Duh, Mei Sheng; Lefebvre, Patrick; Swensen, Andrine R; Bell, Christopher F

    2016-10-01

    were not significantly different between the 2 cohorts (adjusted monthly cost difference = -$44, 95% CI = -$110-$22). Clinical and economic outcomes were similar between the early dutasteride + AB and early finasteride + AB cohorts, with no statistically significant differences detected. Funding for this study was provided by GlaxoSmithKline (HO-14-15325 and AVO110072). Bell and Swensen are employees of GlaxoSmithKline. DerSarkissian, Xiao, Duh, and Lefebvre are employed by Analysis Group, a consulting company that received research grants from GlaxoSmithKline to conduct this study. Study concept and design were contributed by Bell, Swensen, Lefebvre, and Duh. Bell and Duh acquired the data. DerSarkissian and Xiao performed the statistical analysis and interpreted the data along with Lefebvre, Duh, and Bell. DerSarkissian and Bell drafted the manuscript. All authors contributed equally to critically revising the manuscript and providing final approval of the submitted manuscript.

  3. Multi-physics and multi-scale characterization of shale anisotropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarout, J.; Nadri, D.; Delle Piane, C.; Esteban, L.; Dewhurst, D.; Clennell, M. B.

    2012-12-01

    , P-wave velocity was measured along 100 different propagation paths on a single cylindrical shale specimen using miniature ultrasonic transducers. Assuming that (i) the elastic tensor of this shale is transversely isotropic; and (i) the sample has been cored perfectly perpendicular to the bedding plane (symmetry plane is horizontal), Thomsen's anisotropy parameters inverted from the measured velocities are: - P-wave velocity along the symmetry axis (perpendicular to the bedding plane) αo=3.45km/s; - P-wave anisotropy ɛ=0.12; - Parameter controlling the wave front geometry δ=0.058. A novel inversion algorithm allows for recovering these parameters without assuming a priori a horizontal bedding (symmetry) plane. The inversion of the same data set using this algorithm yields (i) αo=3.23km/s, ɛ=0.25 and δ=0.18, and (ii) the elastic symmetry axis is inclined of ω=30° with respect to the specimen's axis. Such difference can have strong impact on field applications (AVO, ray tracing, tomography).

  4. Volcano-Monitoring Instrumentation in the United States, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffanti, Marianne; Diefenbach, Angela K.; Ewert, John W.; Ramsey, David W.; Cervelli, Peter F.; Schilling, Steven P.

    2010-01-01

    The United States is one of the most volcanically active countries in the world. According to the global volcanism database of the Smithsonian Institution, the United States (including its Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) is home to about 170 volcanoes that are in an eruptive phase, have erupted in historical time, or have not erupted recently but are young enough (eruptions within the past 10,000 years) to be capable of reawakening. From 1980 through 2008, 30 of these volcanoes erupted, several repeatedly. Volcano monitoring in the United States is carried out by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Volcano Hazards Program, which operates a system of five volcano observatories-Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO), Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), Long Valley Observatory (LVO), and Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO). The observatories issue public alerts about conditions and hazards at U.S. volcanoes in support of the USGS mandate under P.L. 93-288 (Stafford Act) to provide timely warnings of potential volcanic disasters to the affected populace and civil authorities. To make efficient use of the Nation's scientific resources, the volcano observatories operate in partnership with universities and other governmental agencies through various formal agreements. The Consortium of U.S. Volcano Observatories (CUSVO) was established in 2001 to promote scientific cooperation among the Federal, academic, and State agencies involved in observatory operations. Other groups also contribute to volcano monitoring by sponsoring long-term installation of geophysical instruments at some volcanoes for specific research projects. This report describes a database of information about permanently installed ground-based instruments used by the U.S. volcano observatories to monitor volcanic activity (unrest and eruptions). The purposes of this Volcano-Monitoring Instrumentation Database (VMID) are to (1) document the Nation's existing

  5. THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT PROCESS OF TURKISH LITERARY LANGUAGE IN IRAQ IRAK TÜRK EDEBÎ DİLİNİN TARİHÎ GELİŞİMİ

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    Nevzat ÖZKAN

    2009-12-01

    ı dili geleneği çok köklü bir geçmişe sahiptir. Anadolu’da teşekkül eden edebî dilin Irak’ta da etkili olduğu bu dönemi Irak Türkmen Edebiyatı için Osmanlı Türkçesi dönemi olarak kabul etmek yerinde olur.Irak’ın bağımsızlığını kazandığı 1920’li yıllardan sonra ise Irak Türkmen Edebiyatı bir azınlık edebiyatına dönüşmüştür. Ancak bu dönemde de Irak Türkmenleri, Türkiye’deki edebî dili ve edebiyat gelişmelerini izlemeye devam etmişlerdir.Krallığın devrildiği 1958’den itibaren Türkçe edebiyat ve yayın çalışmaları baskı altına alınmıştır. Bu dönemde Türkmen yazar ve şairleri takibata ve katliama maruz kalmıştır. Bu baskıcı uygulamalar, günümüzde el değiştirmekle birlikte hâlâ devam etmektedir.Irak Türkmen edebî dili, her şeye rağmen Türkiye Türkçesine bağlı olmaya devam etmiştir. Irak Türkmen ağızları, günlük hayatta ve sözlü edebiyatta devam etmekle birlikte, yazılı edebiyatta kullanılmamıştır. Irak Türkmenleri, bütün engellemelere rağmen alfabe konusunda da Türkiye’yi izlemeye çalışmışlardır.

  6. George Orwell’in ‘Bin Dokuz Yüz Seksen Dört’ Adlı Romanı İle Cengiz Aytmatov’un ‘Gün Olur Asra Bedel’ Adlı Romanının ‘Düşüncesuçu’ Bağlamında Karşılaştırılması Comparison Of The Novel Of George Orwell Called ‘Bın Dokuz Yuz Seksen Dort’ And Novel Of Cengiz Aytmatov Called ‘Gun Olur Asra Bedel’ Within The Context Of ‘Thoughtcrime’

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    Feyza İSLAMOĞLU

    2013-09-01

    ıştır. İngiliz edebiyatının önemli isimlerinden George Orwell’in Bin Dokuz Yüz Seksen Dört‘ü ise iktidar gücün altında kalmışlığın sebep olduğu bilinç körelmesini, hak arama çabasını konu edinmiş ve yönetimin insanlar üzerindeki baskısını, yürütmeye çalıştığı rejimi eleştirmiştir. Her iki eserde de ortak tema olan baskıcı rejim ve adaletsizlik, bireylerin zihinsel ya da fiziksel olarak köreltilmesini çözüm yolu olarak dayatmıştır. Eserlerde, insanların yalnızca devleti var etmek için çabalamaları gerektiğini savunan ve özerk hiçbir tavır ve düşünceye yer vermeyen sistem eleştirilmiştir. Söz konusu sistem, mahremiyeti, özgür düşünceyi tamamen ortadan kaldırmış, üst kuvvetlerce yönetilen makine sistemini hayat standartlarının merkezine oturtmuş ve standart düşünce yapısını dayatmıştır. Distopya oluşuyla farklı bir yapı taşıyan Bin Dokuz Yüz Seksen Dört, bu yönüyle Gün Olur Asra Bedel’den ayrılmıştır.Tarihsel süreç paralelliğinde dikkatleri çeken bu iki eser, düşüncesuçunu ele almış, farklı şartlarda benzer sonuçların yaşandığını göstermiştir. Bu çalışmada bir distopya olan Bin Dokuz Yüz Seksen Dört ve içinde ütopyayı barındıran Gün Olur Asra Bedel’de öne çıkan benzerlikler ve farklılıklar nedensellik çerçevesinde incelenmeye çalışılmıştır.

  7. Bölgesel Gelişmişlik Farklılıklarının Bir SosyoEkonomik Politika Göstergesi Olan Sağlık Verileri Kapsamında Değerlendirilmesi: TRB1 Bölgesi Örneği (As A Socio-Economic Policy, Researching Regional Development Differences With Health Datas: TRB1 Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rıza GÖKBUNAR

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With globalization, countries interact with each other in many areas. With innovations brought by the technology, there are rapid development process in the field of economy,education, health etc. Indeed, some countries and regions grow rapidly, while some regions also faced problems in terms of economic and social development. So, today we hear about the concepts of decentralization and regionalization with the globalization. In our country, to solve the regional development, there are different regional classification and this policy aims to determine undeveloped regions and aims to serve the purpose. In this concept, development agencies, local and central authorities carry out different policies. Our study aims to show the health indication differences between Turkey and TRB1 region. The scope of the data examined, increasing trend in public investments including health investments is the same in Turkey and TRB1 region. The growth rate of new health personnel in the region in the period under review is located above on the average of Turkey. And again number of beds per one hundred thousand people in the region is located above the average of Turkey. As a negative indicator of the health indicators in region is only infant mortality rate is located above the average of Turkey. Küreselleşme ile birlikte ülkeler birçok alanda birbirleriyle etkileşime geçmiştir. Teknolojinin de getirdiği yeniliklerle ekonomi, eğitim, sağlık gibi alanlarda hızlı bir gelişim sürecine girilmiştir. Nitekim bazı ülkeler ve bölgeler hızla büyürken, bazı bölgeler de ekonomik ve sosyal gelişim açısından sorunlarla karşılaşmıştır. Dolayısıyla günümüzde, küreselleşmenin yanında yerelleşme ve bölgeselleşme kavramları sıkça gündeme gelir olmuşlardır. Ülkemizde bölgesel kalkınma sorununa yönelik farklı düzeylerde bölge sınıflandırılmaları yapılarak, geri kalmış bölgelerin daha iyi belirlenmesi ve bu b

  8. GRAMMAR BOOKS ON AHMET CEVDET PASHA AHMET CEVDET PAŞA’NIN DİL BİLGİSİ KİTAPLARI ÜZERİNE

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    Esra KARABACAK

    2012-06-01

    şılanması konuşma diliyle yazı dili arasındaki farkın giderilmesi, Arap alfabesinde yenilikler yapılması gibi pek çok konuyu ele almıştır. Cevdet Paşa’yla birlikte Tanzimat Dönemi dil öğretimi açısından önem kazanmıştır. Ahmet Cevdet Paşa, aldığı medrese eğitimi ve içinde yetiştiği kültür çevresi sebebiyle Arap dilinin etkisinde kalmış olmakla birlikte, Türkçenin bir eğitim dili olarak gelişmesi, zenginleşmesi ve sadeleşmesi konularında çok büyük çabalar harcamıştır. Batı tarzı ilk dil bilgisi kitaplarının yazarı olan Ahmet Cevdet Pa��a, kendisinden sonrakilere örnek olmuştur. Cevdet Paşa’nın dil bilgisi kitapları Türkçenin Arapça ve Farsçadan arınmaya çalışmasını ve Türkçenin Arap alfabesiyle kullanılması sırasındakiproblemleri de ele alır. Türkçede bulunmayan kategoriler Türkçe kelimelere de uyarlanmış ve bu uyarlamada Arap gramerinin etkileri de görülmüştür. Türkçe kelimelerin yapıları belirtilirken Arapçanın sistemi ele alınmıştır. Hatta dil bilgisi kitabı hazırlama konusunda bir tarz geliştirmiştir. Cevdet Paşa’dan sonra bu konuda yazılan eserlerde yazarların üsluplarına göre bir sistem oluşturulmaya çalışılsada belirli konularda yine Cevdet Paşa’yı örnek almışlardır. Ayrıca Türkçenin bir eğitim dili olarak gelişmesi hususunda da büyük çabalar harcanmıştır.

  9. Kişisel Gelişim Kitaplarındaki Başarı İdeolojisi: Mümin Sekman Örneği Success Ideology In The Self Improvement Books: Example Of Mumin Sekman

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    Bilgen AYDIN SEVİM

    2013-03-01

    nyada uzun yıllardır en çok satanlar listesinde ilk sıralarıişgal eden kişisel gelişim literatürü, tüketim toplumunun geçirdiğizihniyet dönüşümü ve kapitalist sistemi meşrulaştırma pratiklerihakkında önemli ipuçları sunar. Hayat, kimilerinin başarılı kimilerininde başarısız olacağı bir sınav olarak algılandığında ahlaki değerler veinsani ilişkiler bu önkabule göre şekillenir. Bir kaybeden olmamak içinhırslı, benmerkezci ve bireyci tercihler ön plana çıkar. Başarıideolojisine teslim olanlar, bireysel kurtuluşun peşinden gider;paylaşım, dayanışma ve toplum yararı gibi değerleri ise geri planaatarlar.Başarı ideolojisini benimsemek, mutlu olmanın tek yolununbireysel başarıdan geçtiğine inanmayı da beraberinde getirir. Ne var kiasıl büyük tatminsizlik, kişisel gelişim kitaplarında vadedilen bireyselbaşarının beklenen mutluluğu getirmemesi durumunda yaşanır. Okurahayatı bir sınav olarak sunan kişisel gelişim kitapları, moderntoplumun kılavuzsuz kalmış bireylerini kapitalizmin o büyük yalanınainandırmaya çalışır: Bireysel kurtuluşun mümkün olduğu yalanına…Sistemin devamlılığı için önemli bir araç olan kişisel gelişimalanı, herkesin her koşulda eşit olduğu varsayımına dayanır. Başarıyaolan inanç, motivasyon ve umuttan beslenir. “Ya başarılısın ya dahiçsin!” söylemiyle başarısızları ve başarısızlık bilgisini yok sayar.Batıda kişisel gelişim literatürünün doğuşu, ekonomik bir krizsonrasında gerçekleşir. Türkiye’de ise kişisel gelişim literatürünündoğuşuna zemin hazırlayan süreç siyasi bir krizle başlar. Bu çalışma,Türkiye’de kişisel gelişim literatürü dendiğinde ilk akla gelen isimlerdenbiri olan Mümin Sekman’ın kitapları özelinde başarı ideolojisi söyleminieleştirel bir yaklaşımla değerlendirmeyi amaçlamaktadır.

  10. DEVLETÇİLİK POLİTİKALARININ TARIM KESİMİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİLERİ (1930–1940

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    Arzu VARLI

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet: Devletçilik, Milli iktisat düşüncesinin Cumhuriyet’in kurucu kadroları üzerindeki etkisinin devamı olarak görülmektedir. Devlet cumhuriyetin kuruluş yıllarından itibaren ekonomik anlamda geri kalmışlığın bir nedeni olarak milli burjuvazinin yokluğunu görmüştür. Milli burjuvazi yaratma ya millileştirmeler yoluyla ya da devletin tüm olanaklarını kullanması yoluyla gerçekleşmiştir. Devletçilik de hem devletin tüm olanaklarını devreye soktuğu hem de artık kendisinin bizzat burjuvazi sınıfının yerine geçtiği bir uygulama olmuştur. Ancak tüm bu burjuvazi yaratma çabaları içinde ilginç olan, burjuvazinin tarım sektöründen çıkarılmak istenmemesidir. İttihat Terakki’den devir alınan milli burjuvazi yaratma toprak sahiplerini doğrudan hedef olarak almamıştır. Devletçilik politikalarında tarım kesimi burjuvazi olarak görülmemiş ve iktisaden zayıf bırakılmıştır. Ancak, tarım kesimine karşın desteklenen sanayi kesiminde de sermaye birikimi sağlanamamıştır. Tek parti yönetimi cumhuriyetin kuruluşundan dünya buhranına kadar olan dönemde burjuva sınıfının oluşturmayı hedeflemiştir. Ancak daha sonra gücü ve iktidarı çerçevesinde bir devletçilik politikasını sektörler arasında birbirinin tamamlayıcısı olmalarını sağlamadan sanayileşme için tarıma yük bindiren tartışmalı bir yol seçmiştir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Devletçilik, Tarım Kesimi, Sanayileşme THE EFFECTS OF STATISM POLICIES ON AGRICULTURAL SECTOR (1930-1940Abstract: Statism could be considered as a continuation of National Economic thought among the founding cadres of the Turkish Republic. Since the formative years of the Republic, the state considered the lack of a national bourgeoisie as one of the reasons behind economic backwardness.It attempted to achieve the goal of creating a national bourgeois class either through nationalization acts or full-scale mobilization of all public

  11. Esâmî-i Lâle Şiirleri ve İstanbullu Hâtif’in Esâmî-i Lâle Matlaları Üzerine Bir İnceleme The Poems Of Names Of The Tulip And A Review On İstanbullu Hâtif’s Names Of The Tulip Poems

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    Sevda ÖNAL

    2013-03-01

    meraklılarını ve şairleri ad verme yarışında heyecanlandırmış, laleyi yetiştiren gibi, ona en güzel adı veren de ödüllendirilmiştir.Sosyal hayatın edebi geleneğe yansımasının müjdecisi olarak değerlendirilebilecek bu geleneğin en güzel örnekleri Esâmî-i Lâle manzumeleridir. İlk örneğiyle XVII. yüzyılda karşılaşılan lale çeşitleri üzerine yazılmış bu şiirler klasik edebiyat geleneğinde farklı ve yeni bir şiir türünün habercileri olmuştur. Özellikle XVII. ve XVIII. yüzyılda divanlarda yer almaya başlayan Esâmî-i Lâle manzumeleri dönemin algısını yansıtan popüler şiirler olarak kalmış, son örnekleri XIX. yy’da görülmüştür.Lale isimleri anlamına gelen Esâmî-i Lâle şiirlerinde her beyitte bir veya daha fazla lale adı bir takım anlam ilişkileriyle değerlendirilir. Lale adları çoğunlukla tevriyeli bir kullanımla gerçek anlamının yanında sembolik bir çağrışıma da sahiptir. Bununla birlikte her beyitte çiçek kültürü ve İstanbul lalesi kavramlarını ihtiva eden kelime ve terkipler bir arada kullanılmıştır.Bu çalışmada Esâmî-i Lâle şiirleri üzerine genel bir değerlendirme yapıldıktan sonra, Hâtif Divanı’nda yer alan Esâmî-i Lâle konulu matlalar formel bir yaklaşımla incelenerek ayrıntılı olarak ele alınmıştır.

  12. Arnavutluk’taki Osmanlı Dönemi Mimarisinde İstanbul Tasvirli Duvar Resimleri İstanbul Depiction Mural Paintings in Architecture of Ottoman Period in Albania

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    Metin UÇAR

    2013-09-01

    öre değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca, resimlerdeki üslup özellikleri ve dönemin etkileri irdelenerek, teknik ve düzenleme açısından analiz edilerek, Anadolu’daki çağdaşlarıyla karşılaştırılmaya çalışılmıştır.Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda XVIII. yüzyıl ortalarından itibaren başkent İstanbul ve Anadolu’daki dini ve sivil mimaride uygulanmaya başlayan duvar resimleri Arnavutluk’taki yapıların duvar yüzeylerinde de görülmeye başlar. Günümüzde çok az sayıdaki yapıda örnekleri kalmış olan duvar resimleri, yapıların iç ve dış duvar yüzeylerindeki madalyonlar, panolar, kuşaklar ve çerçevelerin içlerinde yer almaktadır. Resimlerde ele alınan konular, ağırlıklı olarak natürmort, manzara ve kent tasvirlerinden oluşmaktadır. Konu olarak seçilen kent tasvirleri içerisinde İstanbul, dönemin başkenti olması nedeniyle öncelikli bir yer teşkil eder. Genellikle hayali olarak ele alınan İstanbul tasvirleri, Akçahisar (Kruje Toptaniler Konağı, Berat Bekarlar Camii, Berat Cako (Xhaxhi Qako Evi, ve Görice (Korçe Mirahor İlyas Bey Camii duvar yüzeylerinde yer almaktadır.Konusu İstanbul olan ve günümüzde farklı ülke toprakları içerisinde kalan duvar resimleri, bölgedeki yerel sanatçılar tarafından yapılmış olmasına rağmen özellikle Ege ve Marmara bölgesinde bulunan çağdaşları ile teknik, üslup ve düzen açısından büyük benzerlikler gösterir.

  13. İl Özel İdarelerinde Yeniden Yapılan(amama Çabaları ve Uygulamada Karşılaşılan Sorunlar((InCapability of Re-Organization Efforts and Implementation Problems in The Special Provincial Administrations

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    Sedat AZAKLI

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Osmanlı’nın son dönemine dayanan il özel idareleri, tarihsel süreç içinde defaatle yeniden yapılandırmalara konu olan bir yerel yönetim birimidir. İl özel idarelerinin görev ve yetki alanları dönemsel olarak daralma ve genişleme eğilimi gösterirken; bu durum kurumun önem ve mahiyetindeki değişiklikleri de beraberinde getirmiştir. Hatta bazı dönemlerde bu kurumların bir yerel yönetim olup olmadığı tartışılmış ve kapatılmasının daha rasyonel olacağı yönünde eleştirilere maruz kalmıştır. Sözü edilen eleştiriler güncelliğini korumaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı il özel idarelerinde reform çalışmalarının tarihsel gelişimini ortaya koymak ve Mahalli İdareler Genel Müdürlüğü’nün, Türkiye’de Yerel Yönetim Reformu Uygulamasının Devamına Destek Projesi (LAR II kapsamında gerçekleştirdiği çalıştayların sonuçlarına yer vererek uygulamada yaşanan sorunları ve çözüm önerilerini değerlendirmektir. Çalıştaylarda pratikte yaşanan sorunlara odaklanarak ‘yerelin nabzını yoklama’yı amaçlandığı için; bu çalışma da uygulayıcıların alanda yaşadıkları sorunlar ve çözüm önerilerini mevcut mevzuat çerçevesinde değerlendirmektedir. Çalışmada son olarak 6360 sayılı Kanun’un il özel idarelerine yansımaları değerlendirilmekte ve özel idare ile mülki idare ilişkilerinin geleceği, Yatırım İzleme ve Koordinasyon Başkanlığı ekseninde ele alınmaktadır. Çalışma, il özel idareleri hakkında bundan sonra yapılacak araştırmalara yol gösterme ve literatüre, özellikle uygulamada yaşanan sorunların çözümü noktasında katkıda bulunma çabasını taşımaktadır Special provincial administrations (SPAs are the local administration bodies, dated back to the late Ottoman era, that are subjected to the continuous re-organization in the historical process. While SPAs’ responsibilities and competence areas have tendency to shrink

  14. Klasik Edebiyatın Tartışılan Yanları Üzerine Yapılan Değerlendirmelere Toplu Bir Bakış A Collective View To The Evaluation Of The Critisised Aspects On Classical Literature

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    Salim PİLAV

    2013-03-01

    çok yoğun eleştirilere maruz kalmıştır. Dilin yanında işlenen konuların ve estetik zevkin de eleştiri konusu yapılması dikkatleri bu edebiyata yöneltmiştir. Divan edebiyatının, çağıyla uyumlu olması, kendi içindeki bütünlüğü ve özellikle de toplumu yansıtması bakımından oldukça idealist bir edebiyat olduğunu ifade edebiliriz. Bu bağlamda, Divan edebiyatı, kaynağı İslam medeniyetinin temel kaynakları olan, çağıyla uyumlu, içinden çıktığı toplumu bir bütün olarak yansıtan, istikrarlı bir şekilde devam eden; eski yeni çatışmasının olmadığı, tasavvuf felsefesine yaslanan ve gerçek sanatın önemli bir özelliği olan soyutluk vasfına sahip bir edebiyattır. Divan edebiyatı ürünleri Türk milletinin geçmişini, hassasiyetlerini, hayâl, beklenti ve temennilerini üstün bir sanat anlayışının ve estetik zevkin prizması arkasından yansıtmaya çalışmıştır. Divan Edebiyatını, günümüz anlayışı ve ölçütleriyle değil de- bütün sosyal bilimlerde olduğu gibi- kendi döneminin tarihî, toplumsal ve kültürel şartları içinde, kendine mahsus sanat anlayışıyla değerlendirip kabullenmek, bin yıllık bir medeniyetin kültür varlığı olarak görmek daha doğru olacaktır.Bu makalede Divan edebiyatına yönelik eleştiriler ve bu eleştirilere verilen cevaplar belli başlıklar altında tespit edilmiş ve böylece bir kez daha Divan edebiyatının kendine özgü yapısı ve kıymeti dikkatlere sunulmuştur.

  15. Avrupalılara Göre Osmanlı Döneminde Askeri Müzik Geleneği The Tradition of Military Music in the Ottoman Period According to the Europeans

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    Timur VURAL

    2012-09-01

    önemi mehter geleneğine ışık tutacak on bir Avrupalı seyyahın notları incelenmiş ve onların askeri müzik geleneğine yönelik tespitleri sergilenmiştir. Anadolu’nun birçok yerini kat eden seyyahlar dönemin Osmanlı kültürüne dair oldukça geniş ve detaylı bilgiler sunmuşlardır. Birçoğu iyi bir eğitim almış olan gezginlerin, Osmanlı dönemine ait aktarımları, askeri müzik geleneğinin sergilenmesi açısından oldukça dikkate değerdir. Askeri müzik geleneğine yönelik yapılan bu çalışma, alanında bir ilk olmasından ötürü önem taşımaktadır. Literatür taramasına dayalı betimsel bir araştırma olan bu çalışmanın sonucunda, Osmanlıların her dönem de askeri müziği, yani mehter takımını yaşattıkları, padişahın barışta ve seferde mehter takımını yanında bulundurduğu, çeşitli yarışmalarda, sportif oyunlarda, bayramlarda ve sabahları tüm Osmanlının uyandırılmasından, akşamları yatma vaktinin geldiğinin bildirilmesine kadar mehter geleneğinin kullanıldığı tespit edilmiştir. Sultanın veya ailesinden birinin vefatı veya ordunun yenilgiye uğraması durumunda tüm ülkede mehter musikisi yasaklanmıştır. Kutsal anlamlar taşıyan mehter çalgıları ölen Osmanlı padişahlarının türbelerinde yüzyıllarca asılı kalmıştır. Mehter musikisi, Osmanlı kimliğinin bir nişanı olmuştur. Hem halkın, hem sarayının vazgeçilmez eğlencesi ve ortak paydası olmuştur.

  16. Kıbrıs Türk Tiyatro Yazınının İlk Yılları ve Safa Yahut Netice-i İbtila The Primary Years Of Turkish Cypriot Play-Writing And “Safa Yahut Netice-i İbtila

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    Yurdal CİHANGİR

    2013-07-01

    rastlanmaktadır. Karagöz, ortaoyunu ve meddah da bu kültürün ve geleneğin bir parçasıydı. 300 yıl kadar idaresinde bulundurduğu Kıbrıs‟ı Osmanlı, 1878‟de İngilize önce kira ile bırakmış, sonra 1914‟te de tamamen devretmiştir. Ada‟da gazeteler bu dönemde 1890‟lardan itibaren yayınlanmaya başlandı. Diğer edebi türler gibi tiyatroya ait ilk örnekler de gazetelerde görülür oldu. Ahmet Tevfik Efendi‟nin çıkarmış olduğu ilk mizah gazetesi “Kokonoz”da kendisinin bazı yazıları teatral özellikler taşımaktaydı. İkinci çıkardığı mizah gazetesi “Akbaba”da ise yarım kalmış bir tiyatro çalışmasının yayını vardı. L. Şişmanyan adlı şahsın üç sayı süren çalışması “Namus İntikamı Yahut Dilenci” idi. Yayınlanmış ilk tiyatro eseri olarak şimdilik, Kaytaz-zade Nazım‟ın “Safa yahut Netice-i İbtila” adlı eseridir. 1909‟ da Lefkoşa‟da Mirat-ı Zaman matbaasında basılan eserin konusu, Meşrutiyet yıllarında İstanbul‟da geçen bir aşk macerasına dayanmaktadır. Cariyesine aşık, meşrutiyet yanlısı olması nedeniyle hapse düşmüş olan paşa çocuğu Safa‟nın, ailesinin karşı koyması, müdahil olması sonucu sevgilisi ile birlikte yaşadıkları acı son anlatılmaktadır. Eser, Kıbrıs Türk Edebiyatı ve tiyatrosu açısından ilk olması nedeniyle oldukça önem arz etmektedir.

  17. Ermenilerin Kontrol Noktası: İskenderun Limanı Alexandretta Port - Checkpoint For Armenians

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    Naim ÜRKMEZ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The period of Yavuz Sultan Selim and the Ottoman Empire’s entering Alexandretta until the first half of the 19th century had identity of a very small village. Right to the end of the century, the industry revolution’s impact and trading goods’ large amount of transport means gained importance starting especially in the city of Aleppo and then in one of South Anatolia’s natural ports as of the day the preliminary plan came out. After the 1890’s the increase of Armenian activities in Anatolia and the outbreak of revolts in many other places parallel the Ottoman government’s large forces’ involvement to prevent and be able to keep Armenian rebels under control, taking various measures. Abdul Hamid II started under this negative initiative; the Sultan tried to resist in various ways. From these measures in any of the provinces of Aleppo, Mamuretülaziz, Adana, Kayseri, Bitlis, Van, Diyarbekir, or Erzurum, Armenians living in the diaspora and connecting supplier port, as in Alexandretta, have a checkpoint facility. Sultan Abdul Hamid II’s direction of the facility is seen at the checkpoint from the dock outside rising or Anatolia geography’s various residential areas incoming Armenian travelers often reserved monthly lists. In addition to this, England in the grip of Cyprus was able to check Armenians’ entries into Anatolia set by a weapons and bombs training field. It is understood that this matter is elaborated on further in books prepared from lists. These books will come to light with the acceleration of the classification of records. Yavuz Sultan Selim döneminde Osmanlı hâkimiyetine giren İskenderun, 19. yüzyılın ilk yarısına kadar çok küçük bir köy hüviyetinde kalmıştır. Yüzyılın sonuna doğru sanayi devriminin etkisi ve ticari emtianın çokça taşınması vesilesi ile önem kazanmaya başlayan şehir özellikle Halep ve ardı ile Güney Anadolu’nun doğal bir limanı olarak gün geçtikçe ön plana

  18. A RESEARCH ON ASPECT OF POEMS IN TURKISH COURSE BOOKS IN TERMS OF POETICS TÜRKÇE DERS KİTAPLARINDA YER ALAN ŞİİRLERİN ŞİİRBİLİM AÇISINDAN GÖRÜNÜMÜ ÜSTÜNE BİR İNCELEME

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    Nihat BAYAT

    2012-01-01

    çeriğe değil, onun yapılanma biçimine odaklanmasıdır. Bunu yapmak için iletide yer alan içerik bastırılır. Şiirde kimi koşutluklar, kimi yan yana getirmeler yeni bir anlamlama dizgesi oluşturmak için yapılanır. Çalışmada ikinci kademe Türkçe ders kitaplarında yer alan şiirler, belirtilen özellikler açısından içerik analizi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Buna göre söz konusu şiirlerin şiirsel dilin özelliklerini yetersiz derecede içerdiği görülmüştür. Şiirlerin birçoğunun tema ve konu kaygısıyla seçildiği anlaşılmıştır. Öğrenci çalışma kitabında ve öğretmen kılavuz kitabında bulunan etkinlikler de şiirin öncelikli boyutlarının uzağındaki etkinliklerdir. Bu nedenle Türkçe ders kitaplarında yer alan şiirler öğrencilere şiir türünün özelliklerini kavratmada, dilin sanatsal kullanımına ilişkin olgun örnekler sunmada ve dolayısıyla dilin yeni bir kullanım alanını öğretme konusunda son derece zayıf kalmış metinlerdir. Bu şiirlerin ayrıca Türkçe öğretiminin hedefleri, temel becerileri, üst becerileri ve kazanımlarıyla örtüşmediği de saptanmıştır. Türkçe ders kitaplarına içinde şiirsellik oranının yüksek olduğu metinlerin konulması ve etkinliklerin şiir türünün özellikleri dikkate alınarak yapılandırılması önerilmektedir.

  19. Ortaöğretim 9. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Yazılı Anlatım Alan Bilgisi Başarı Düzeyleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma A Research On 9th Grade Of Secondary Education Students ' Achievement Levels Of Field Knowledge Of Writing Expression

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    Hasan BAĞCI

    2012-12-01

    ğretimin son aşamasına kadar bu becerilerinin geliştirildiği süreci içine alan bir dönemdir. Yazma becerisi bilgi, birikim ve dili etkili kullanmayı gerektirdiğinden bu sürecin okuma, dinleme/izleme, konuşma ve dil bilgisi etkinlikleriyle de desteklenmesi gerekir.Öğrencilerin yazılı anlatım metinlerini inceleyen araştırmacılar, öğrenci metinlerinde birçok eksikliğin olduğunu, öğrencilerin yazma becerilerinin beklenen yeterliliğe ulaşamadığını ifade etmektedir. Bu becerideki eksikliklerin bilgi aşamasından bilgilerin beceriye dönüştürülememesine kadar geniş bir çerçeveye dağıldığı düşünülmektedir. Bu yüzden bu çalışmanın amacı, ortaöğretim 9. sınıf öğrencilerinin Dil ve Anlatım Ders Programı’nda da ifade edilen yazma becerisine yönelik kazanım cümleleri doğrultusunda yazılı anlatım alan bilgisi düzeylerini belirlemektir. Araştırmada ayrıca öğrencilerin yazılı anlatım alan bilgisi yeterlilik düzeylerinin başta cinsiyet olmak üzere diğer değişkenlere göre de değişip değişmediği tespit edilmiştir.Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara göre, ortaöğretim 9. sınıf öğrencilerin Yazılı Anlatım Alan Bilgisi Testi genel başarı puanları ortalamaları 100 tam puan üzerinden 59 puanla sınırlı kalmıştır. Yine 9. sınıf öğrencilerinin yazılı anlatım alan bilgisi başarı düzeyleri, cinsiyet değişkenine göre anlamlı bir farklılık göstermezken öğrencilerin akademik başarına, serbest yazma etkinliği yapmalarına, günlük tutmalarına, Dil ve Anlatım dersini sevmeleri ile yazma etkinliklerinden memnun olmalarına göre ise değişmektedir. Araştırmanın sonunda elde edilen sonuçlara bağlı kalınarak Dil ve Anlatım derslerini veren öğretmenlere bazı önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

  20. Çorum’da Göçmenlerin Yerleştirilmesi ve Yaşanan Sorunlar Placement of Çorum and the Problems of immigrants

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    Adem KARA

    2013-07-01

    olsun tüm açılardan değerlendirilmek durumundadır. Bu süreç devlet, göç eden halk ve yerleştirildikleri bölgenin hâkim halkı açısından değerlendirilmelidir.Bu iskân sırasında yaşanmış olan yetersizlikler, ortaya çıkan salgın hastalıklar, görevlilerin yetersizlikleri, yerleşmenin gerçekleştirildiği bölgelerde ortaya çıkan sorunlar nedeniyle insanlarda oluşan hoşnutsuzluk ve talepler birlikte değerlendirilmelidir.19. yüzyıl Osmanlı coğrafyasında yaşanan siyasi hareketliliğin paralelinde sosyal değişimlerin de hız kazandığı bir dönemdir. Bu asırda, çevre ülkelerin Müslüman halklarınca Osmanlı topraklarına gerçekleştirilen göçler, toplumsal değişimi tetikleyen başlıca etkenlerdendir. 19. yüzyılın ortasından itibaren Kafkasya'dan gelen büyük kitleler de Osmanlı ülkesini yeni yurtları olarak kabul etmişlerdir. Göçlerin yarattığı sosyo-ekonomik, demografik, siyasi ve kültürel sorunlar tek tek irdelenmelidir.Osmanlı Devletinin XVII. ve XVIII. yüzyılda imzalanmış antlaşmalar sonrası kaybedilen topraklar ve başlayan geri çekilişe paralel olarak bu bölgelerden anayurda göçler başlamıştır. Özellikle 19. Yüzyılda Kırım Savaşı sonrası başlayan ve bu yüzyılın sonlarında yoğunlaşan göçlerle milyonlarca insan kurulu düzenini terk etmek, çok kötü şartlar ve eziyetlerle Anadolu’ya göç etmek mecburiyetinde kalmıştır.Çorum bölgesine yerleştirilmiş olan göçmenlerin burada yaşadıkları bir takım hukuki sorunlar sicillere yansımış olup, bunlardan en dikkat çekeni yanlarında getirmiş oldukları cariyelerinin durumlarıdır. Göçlerle ortaya çıkan sıkıntılara, Çerkes göçmenlerin yanlarında getirdikleri cariyelerin satılması konusunda yaşanan hukuki sorunlarda görünmektedir. Bu çalışmada tüm bu konulara değinilmeye çalışılacaktır.

  1. Bâkî’nin Pervane Bey Mecmuası’nda Yer Alan Yayımlanmamış Gazelleri Bâkî’s Unpublished Ghazals In The Macmua Of Pervane Bey

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    Savaşkan Cem BAHADIR

    2013-03-01

    iirler, Bâkî Divanı yayıma hazırlanırken ulaşılamayacak nüshalar veya mecmualar içinde kalmış ve Bâkî Divanı’na eklenememiştir. Bâkî Divanı’nın Türkiye ve Avrupa kütüphanelerinde yüzü aşkın yazma nüshası mevcuttur. Bâkî Divanı’nın bugüne kadar üç baskısı yapılmıştır. Bu çalışmalar Rudolf Dvorak, Sadettin Nüzhet Ergun ve Sabahattin Küçük tarafından hazırlanmıştır.Hazırlanan çalışmaya konu olan ve Bâkî’ye ait olup yayımlanmış divanında yer almayan şiirler Pervâne b. Abdullah tarafından 1560 yılında derlenen ve Pervane Bey Mecmuası olarak bilinen Mecmûa‘tü’n-Nezâ’ir isimli nazire mecmuasında yer almaktadır. Pervane Bey Mecmuası 627 varaktan müteşekkil çok hacimli bir eserdir. Hazırlanan çalışmada eser üzerinde Marmara Üniversitesi’nde 2001 yılından 2006 yılına kadar yapılan toplam 23 adet yüksek lisans tezi taranmıştır. Bu tarama sonucunda Bâkî’ye ait 28 gazelin yayımlanan divanında olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Bu gazeller yeniden okunarak –varsa- hatalar, eksiklikler düzeltilmiş ve Bâkî’nin yayımlanmamış şiirlerini içeren makalelerle de karşılaştırılması yapılarak ilim âlemine sunulmuştur.

  2. Bilmecelerin Dil-Düşünme Bağlamında Eğitimdeki Yeri ve Önemi The Place and Importance of Riddles in the Context of Language and Thinking

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    Elif Emine BALTA

    2013-03-01

    bilmeceler, eski popülerliğini kaybetmiştir. Yaşam koşullarının farklılaşması, sosyal ortamların niteliğini değişmesi, bireyselleşme ve benzer sebepler, insanların ihtiyaçları ve anlayışlarında olduğu gibi ilgi ve zevklerini de değiştirdiği için bu durum normal karşılanabilir.Akademik anlamda, bilmeceler ile ilgili çalışmalar halkbilim sahasında sınırlı kalmıştır. Bu sahada yapılmış olan değerli çalışmalar ise eğitim-öğretim boyutunda yeteri kadar değerlendirilmemiştir. Eğitim öğretim alanında da bilmecelere yeteri kadar yer verilmediği görülmektedir. Oysa bilmeceler, dil ve kavram öğretiminde, bunlarla yakından ilişkili olan düşünme öğretiminde de başarı sağlamada araç olarak kullanılabilecek zenginlik ve derinlik özelliğine sahiptir. Eğitim-öğretim sürecinde, bilmecelerin en önemli katkısı, anadili eğitiminde görülür. Kavram öğretiminde ve kelime hazinesini zenginleştirmede bilmeceler yardımcı araç olarak görülebilir. Bilmecede cevabı arama süreci dinamiktir; birey, zihninden geçen tüm kavramları soruda belirtilen özellikleri ile karşılaştırır. Açık bir ifadeyle bilmeceler üst düzey düşünme becerilerinden olan yaratıcı düşünme, eleştirel düşünme ve problem çözme becerileri ile ilişkilidir. Bilmecelerin eğitsel ve düşünsel bağlamda değerinin farkına varılmalı ve diğer edebi türler gibi eğitim ortamlarına dahil edilmelidir. Bu çalışmada, bilmece türünün eğitim-öğretimde etkili bir araç, zengin bir uyaran olarak yeri ve önemi belirlenmiş ve açıklanmıştır.

  3. Nabi'nin Şiirlerinde Nostaljik Hususlar In the Nabi's Poems Nostalgic Issues

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    Gencay ZAVOTÇU

    2012-09-01

    zaferlerle dolu günler geride kalmıştır. Ordu, artık savaş meydanlarından zaferle ayrılamamakta, yönetenlerle yönetilenler arasındaki bağlar zayıflayıp sarsılmakta, insanlar arası ilişkiler bozulup güven azalmakta ve halk giderek yoksullaşmaktadır. Bu ve benzeri olumsuz durumlar aydınları üzmekte, halkın gören gözü, işiten kulağı ve söyleyen dili olan yazar ve şairleri sorun üzerinde düşünüp çözüm aramaya sevk etmektedir. Olumsuz olaylara sahne olan bu yüzyılda aksaklıkları ve yanlış uygulamaları dile getirip eleştiren ve geçmişteki olumlu örneklere atıfta bulunan aydınlardan biri de Nâbî’dir. Nâbî’nin geçmişteki mutlu, huzurlu, sağlıklı ve çeşitli yönlerden hayırla yad olunan yıllara özlem duymasının temelinde yaşadığı dönemin olumlu özelliklere sahip olmaması, iç açıcı bir görünüm arz etmemesi, geçmişi aratacak nitelikte bozukluklar içermesi ve bütün bunların yanında inançlı ve sağlam bir kişiliğe sahip olması etkili olur. Onun şiir ve mesnevilerinde temas ettiği bozuklukların ekseninde insan vardır. Nâbî’nin eserlerinde nostalji kapsamında değerlendirilebilecek hususlara ağırlıklı olarak Hayriyye adlı eserinde değinilir. Nâbî Dîvânı’nda geçmişe özlemi çağrıştıran şiirlerin gitmiş, kalmamış, tükenmiş ve unudulmuş redifli gazeller olduğunu söylemek yanlış olmaz. Diğer bir deyişle, Nâbî Dîvânı’nda nostaljik konuların işlendiği şiirlerin ilk akla gelenleri ve en belirgin olanları gitmiş, kalmamış, tükenmiş ve unudulmuş redifli gazellerdir. Bu gazellerde genel olarak âile, yakın çevre, toplum ve millet düzeyinde geçmişte olan ve yaşanılan zamanda yokluğu hissedilen, özlemi çekilen ve olması istenen ahlâkî ve insânî değerler, görgü kuralları, gelenekler, uygulamalar ve diğer kültür öğelerine çağrışım yapılır.

  4. Fetih Derneği ve İstanbul’un Fethinin 500. Yılı / Association of Conquest and The 500th Anniversary of Conquest of Istanbul

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    Çağla Derya Tağmat

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Öz Türkiye’de, 500. yıldönümü 1953 yılında kutlanacak olan İstanbul’un Fethi kutlamaları için hazırlıklara Cumhurbaşkanı İsmet İnönü döneminde başlanmış ve 1950 yılında “500. Yıl ve Müteakip Fetih Yıllarını Kutlama Derneği” adıyla bir dernek kurulmuştur. 1950 yılında yapılan seçimler sonucunda yaşanan hükümet değişimi fetih kutlama planlarına gölge düşürmemiş ve hazırlıklar devam etmiştir. Demokrat Parti iktidarı döneminde hazırlıklarına hızlı bir şekilde devam eden cemiyet, yaşadığı maddi imkânsızlıklara rağmen çeşitli faaliyetler organize etmiştir. Başbakan Adnan Menderes ve Cumhurbaşkanı Celal Bayar’ın katılmadığı kutlama etkinlikleri, çeşitli eksiklikler ve devlet erkânının katılmamasından dolayı basın tarafından sert eleştirilere maruz kalmıştır. Diğer yandan devlet erkânının törenlere katılmamış olması kutlanılan olayın bir diğer muhatabı Yunanistan tarafından da bir sağduyu örneği olarak nitelendirilmiştir. Bu çalışmada, Demokrat Parti döneminde faaliyet gösteren Fetih Derneği, derneğin yapısı, organizasyonları ve kutlama faaliyetleri arşiv belgeleri ve süreli yayınlar kullanılarak incelenmiştir. Anahtar Kelimeler: Demokrat Parti, Fetih Deneği, Fethin 500. Yılı, İstanbul. Association of Conquest and The 500th Anniversary of Conquest of Istanbul Abstract In Turkey, the preperations of conquest celebrations of Istanbul, of which 500th anniversary would be celebrated in 1953, were begun in the period of President Ismet Inonu and an association called “Association of 500th Anniversary and Celebrating the Following Anniversaries of Conquest of Istanbul” was founded. The governmental change as a result of 1950 elections did not overshadow to the plans of conquest celebrations and then preparations continued. The association which proceeded its preparations rapidly in the Democratic Party era, organised

  5. Halit Fahri Ozansoy'un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler Adlı Eserinde Bahçe İmajları ve Renkler Garden Images and Colors in Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s Work of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler

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    Hüseyin DOĞRAMACIOĞLU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s poetry books of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler printed with old letters but not transformed to the Latin alphabet until now. In his work, garden images and colors which loaded special meaning of poet was known as hidden pearls and no research have been made on this work till now. Garden images in poetry are sometimes colorful, light and sometimes dull and dark. These images change with the with the poet's spirit world. We can visualize the garden images like an oil painting. These images drawn by the poet's words, show poet’s mood like a mirror. The colors used in the poem vary with garden images. This change appears with the change of the mental status of the poet. Thus, the poet uses the colors in accordancewith the different tables and his mood. When there are a lively andwarm colors in optimistic tables, dark and dull colors chosen inpessimistic tables. The poet's choice of the colors is not a coincidence.This selectivity included to poetry with different sensations. In his work,Ozansoy has described variety of colors in different gardens.Imagination, imagery and various emotions had been made with oneaccord in his depictions. The colors and portraits of garden form thepoet’s imagination. Colorful memories in the garden which experiencedin a darling moves from poet's imagination to the verses of the poem.Imagination, colors and gardens are described with darling. Theseimageries compose the garden images and semantic change of thecolors. Halit Fahri Ozansoy’un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler adlı şiir kitabı eski harflerle basılmış ancak günümüze kadar Latin harflerine aktarılmamıştır. Bu eserde şairin bahçe imajları ve renklere yüklediği anlamlar saklı inciler gibi gizli kalmış ve günümüze kadar üzerinde inceleme yapılmamıştır. Şiirdeki bahçe imajları bazen renkli, ışıklı ve bazen de donuk ve karanlıktır. Şairin değişen ruh dünyası ile birlikte bu imajlar da değişir. Bah

  6. Dergilerden Özetler

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    Şebnem Korur Fincancı

    2000-04-01

    zerinde çalışma, afet bölgesi çalışanları ve gönüllüler ile morg çalışanlarında önemli stress faktörleri ve bu etkiyi önlemek için gerçekleştirilen sosyal hizmetler ile destek faaliyetlerine ilişkin kaynaklar gözden geçirildi. Öncelik li\tgörev cesetlerin bulunması, bir araya getirilmesi ie ilgili çalışmalardaki stress ile başa çıkılması birincil görevdir. Sosyal hizmetler eğitimi ile birlikte bu hizmetin sunumu ve olanakları tartışıldı. ÇOCUKLUK ÇAĞI CİNSEL İSTİSMARINA MARUZ KALANLARIN YENİDEN KI RIİAM AŞ I IKILMASI: ÜNİVERSİTELİ KADINLARIN ÇOCUK İSTİSMARI, ERİŞKİN CİNSEL İSTİSMARI VE FİZİKSEL İSTİSMARI İLE UYUM MUAYENESİ The revictimization of child sexual abuse survivors: an examination of the adjustment of college women with child sexual abuse, adult sexual assault, and adult physical abuse. Messman-Moore TL, Long PJ, Siegfried NJ. Child Maltreat 2000 Feb;5(l:18-27. Çocuğun cinsel istismarı (ÇCİ erişkini kurban olmaya açık kılmaktadır. Bu tür deneyimlerin biriken bir etkisi olabilir. Bu çalışmada yeniden kurbanlaştı- rılma, çok sayıda erişkin dönemi kurbanlığı, tek bir erişkin dönem kurbanlığı, yalnız ÇCİ yaşamış veya hiçbir kurbanlık deneyimi olmayan 633 kadın karşı laştırıldı. Somatizasyon, depresyon, anksiyete, ilişki duyarlılığı, düşmanlık duygusu ve TSSB’nun semptomları araştırıldı. Sonuçlar travmanın biriken etkisini desteklemekte fakat çocukluk döneminin erişkinde yeniden kurbanlaştırıcı belirgin etkisini göstermemektedir. Tekrarlayan kurbanlık veya birden fazla saldırı yaşayan kadınlar tek bir tür erişkin istismarı yaşayan veya hiç travma yaşamamış kadınlara göre daha fazla zorluk yaşadıklarını bildirdiler. Yalnız ÇCİ’na maruz kalmış kadınlar tekrarlayan kurbanlık benzer semptomlar tanımladılar ve birden fazla saldırı yaşayan kadınlar istismara uğramamış olanlardan daha yüksek endişe d

  7. XIX. Yüzyılda Doğu Akdeniz’de İngiliz-Fransız Rekabeti ve Osmanlı Devleti British-French Rivalry and Ottoman Empire in Eastern Mediterranean in 19th Century

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    Durmuş AKALIN

    2012-09-01

    East Mediterranean which stucked between the rivalry of great statesamong themselves and on Ottoman Empire and survival politics ofOttoman Empire was investigated in this study. Doğu Akdeniz Asya, Afrika ve Avrupa arasında önemli ve stratejik bir bölgedir. Siyasi geçmişi itibariyle birçok devlet ve toplum burada yaşamış ve yaşamaktadır. XIX. yüzyıl öncesinde ve bu süreçte ise bölgedeki en önemli siyasi güç Osmanlı Devleti olmuştur. Osmanlı Devleti Doğu Akdeniz’de otoritesini kurduktan sonra bölge uzun bir dönem mücadele açısından sessiz kalmıştır. Ancak Avrupalı güçlerin ve özellikle İngiliz ve Fransızların bölgeye ilgi duymalarıyla siyasi alanda çekişmeler başlamıştır. Osmanlı Devleti’nin gerilemesi de süreci hızlandırmıştır.İngiltere ve Fransa Avrupa’nın XIX. yüzyıl içinde en önemli aktörlerinde ikisidir. Bu iki güç Hint Yolu ve sömürgecilik nedeniyle Asya ve Afrika ile ilgilenmiştir. Doğu Akdeniz burada kilit bir noktada olmuştur. Bir süre sonra da iki güç Kıbrıs, Mısır ve Doğu Akdeniz’in tüm sahillerinde mücadele etmeye başlamış ve bu durum doğrudan Osmanlı Devleti’ni ve politikalarını etkilemiştir. Osmanlı Devleti’ni etkileyen İngiliz-Fransız rekabeti belirli alanlarda yoğunlaşmıştır. Rekabet alanlarının en başında denizlerde üstün olma endişesi vardır. XIX. Yüzyılda büyük devlet olmanın önemli göstergelerinden biri olarak kabul gören deniz üstünlüğü iki devlet arasındaki rekabete de konu olmuştur. Bir diğer rekabet sahası ise Osmanlı toprakları üzerinde nüfuz sahibi olabilmektedir. Devletin otoritesini tesis etmekte zorlandığı ve her geçen gün değeri artmakta olan Ortadoğu ve Doğu Akdeniz sahilleri çevresindeki arazi bu nedenle daha da önemli hale gelmiştir. Rekabet sadece bölgede kalmamış Avrupa’nın birçok kez gündemine girmiş ve tartışmalarına konu olmuştur. Osmanlı Devleti’nin XIX. Yüzyıl içinde en

  8. Atatürk ve Güzel Sanatlar

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    Nurgün Koç

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBilindiği üzere Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin kurulmasından kısa süre sonra hemen hemen her alanı kapsayan bir reform süreci başlatılmıştır. Bu yenilik hareketleri sosyal, siyasal, ekonomik vb. alanlarda görüldüğü gibi kültürel konularda da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Atatürk kültürün önemli unsurlarından biri olan güzel sanatlardaki gelişime çok önem vermiş ve teşvik etmiştir. Uygar ülkeler arasına girmenin güzel sanatlar alanındaki başarılara bağlı olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bu yüzden 1936 yılında Devlet Konservatuarı kurulmuş, sahne sanatları, resim, müzik, heykel v.b güzel sanatların her alanında sanatçıların yetişmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu arada geleneksel sanatlara da önem verilmiş fakat Batılılaşma sürecinin hızıyla biraz geri planda kalmışlardır.Abstract As known, soon after Turkish Republic was founded, a reform process covering almost all fields was launched. These reform movements are also seen in cultural issues as well as in social, political and economic fields. Ataturk attached great importance to the development in fine arts which is one of the important elements of the culture and encouraged it. He stated that entering into civilized countries is up to the achievements in the field of fine arts. Therefore, state conservatory was founded in 1936 and artists in all fields of fine arts like performing arts, painting, music, sculpture were raised. Meanwhile, traditional arts were also emphasized, but remained a bit in the background because of fast process of Westernization. RésuméComme on le sait, peu de temps après la fondation de la République de Turquie, le processus de réforme a été lancé dans presque tous les domaines. Ces mouvements d’innovation apparaissent dans les domaines culturels ainsi que dans les domaines sociaux, politiques et économiques. Atatürk a aussi accordé une grande importance au développement des beaux-arts qui sont un des

  9. Atatürk ve Güzel Sanatlar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurgün Koç

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet Bilindiği üzere Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin kurulmasından kısa süre sonra hemen hemen her alanı kapsayan bir reform süreci başlatılmıştır. Bu yenilik hareketleri sosyal, siyasal, ekonomik vb. alanlarda görüldüğü gibi kültürel konularda da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Atatürk kültürün önemli unsurlarından biri olan güzel sanatlardaki gelişime çok önem vermiş ve teşvik etmiştir. Uygar ülkeler arasına girmenin güzel sanatlar alanındaki başarılara bağlı olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bu yüzden 1936 yılında Devlet Konservatuarı kurulmuş, sahne sanatları, resim, müzik, heykel v.b güzel sanatların her alanında sanatçıların yetişmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu arada geleneksel sanatlara da önem verilmiş fakat Batılılaşma sürecinin hızıyla biraz geri planda kalmışlardır. Ataturk and Fine Arts Abstract As known, soon after Turkish Republic was founded, a reform process covering almost all fields was launched. These reform movements are also seen in cultural issues as well as in social, political and economic fields. Ataturk attached great importance to the development in fine arts which is one of the important elements of the culture and encouraged it. He stated that entering into civilized countries is up to the achievements in the field of fine arts. Therefore, state conservatory was founded in 1936 and artists in all fields of fine arts like performing arts, painting, music, sculpture were raised. Meanwhile, traditional arts were also emphasized, but remained a bit in the background because of fast process of Westernization. Atatürk et Les Beaux-Arts Résumé Comme on le sait, peu de temps après la fondation de la République de Turquie, le processus de réforme a été lancé dans presque tous les domaines. Ces mouvements d’innovation apparaissent dans les domaines culturels ainsi que dans les domaines sociaux, politiques et économiques. Atatürk a aussi accordé une grande importance au d

  10. Ortaöğretim Öğrencilerinin Savaş Ve Barış Kavramı İle İlgili Düşüncelerinin Çeşitli Değişkenler Açısından Değerlendirilmesi An Evaluation Of The Views Of Secondary Education Students Over The A Of War And Peace In Terms Of Different Variables

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    Özgür AKTAŞ

    2013-09-01

    ılının birinci döneminde Ankara ilinin Altındağ, Çankaya, Mamak ve Yenimahalle ilçelerinde bulunan liselerde uygulama yapılmıştır. Araştırma tarama yöntemine dayanmaktadır. Çalışma 3026 ortaöğretim öğrencisiyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin savaş ve barış konuları ile ilgili tutumları tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Savaş ve barış tutum ölçeği 40 maddeden oluşmaktadır. Elde edilen veriler SPSS 15,0 paket programıyla değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçları değerlendirildiğinde öğrencileri cinsiyet, savaş oyunu oynayıp oynamama ve bilgisayar oyunu oynayıp oynamama değişkenlerine göre farklıkları olduğu gözlenmiştir. Öğrenciler arasında en az farklılığın ise baba eğitim düzeyi ve sınıf düzeyi arasında olduğu görülmüştür.Ortaöğretim öğrencileri insanın savaşçılık özelliği ile doğduğu şeklindeki önermeye kararsız kalmıştır. Öğrenciler savaşların Tanrının takdiri olduğu görüşüneyse katılmamıştır. Ortaöğretim öğrencileri savaşların masum insanlara acı getirdiği ve savaşların başka savaşlara yol açtığı görüşünde olmuştur. Öğrencilere göre savaşı kazanan da savaşı kaybeden de savaşsın sonuçlarından acı çekmektedir. Ortaöğretim öğrencileri en büyük başarıların savaş meydanlarında kazanıldığı fikrine kararsız bir tutum sergilemiştir. Yine öğrenciler vatanseverlik gibi yüce duyguların savaş meydanlarında doğduğu fikrinde de kararsızdır. Buna karşı öğrenciler savaş kazanmak kadar barış kazanmanın da önemli olduğunu belirtmiştir. Öğrencilere göre barışa katkı sağlayan insanlar da kahraman ilan edilmelidir.Türkiye’de savaş ve barış kavramının hangi yaşlarda anlaşılabildiğine dair araştırmalar yapılmamıştır. Bu alanda araştırmalar alana katkı sağlayacaktır. Ayrıca savaşların niteliğine göre ayrılarak da araştırma yapılmasının önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir.

  11. BİR GEÇMİŞ ZAMAN EFENDİSİ: MÜKRİMİN HALİL YİNANÇ

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    Mustafa ORAL

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Mükrimin Halil Yinanç (1900-1961 Meşrutiyetten Cumhuriyete uzanan dönemin bizde modern tarih yazımı konusunda dikkate değer şahsiyetler arasındadır. Mükrimin Halil’in düşünce çevresi ile bu çevredeki konumunu ve bir de tarih yazımına katkılarını açıklarken dönemin şartlarını, erken cumhuriyet döneminde İstanbul muhitinde yetiştiği çevreyi ve bu çevre ile ilişkilerini dikkatle inceledik. Mükrimin Halil Yinanç, Elbistan’ın en eski Türkmen aşiretlerine bağlı ve köklü Müslüman geleneklerine sahip bir ailenin bir ferdi olması bakımından muhafazakâr bir kültür çevresine mensuptur. 1916’da İstanbul Darülfünun Edebiyat Fakültesinde tarih tahsiline başlamış, burayı bitirince (1919 Mekteb-i Mülkiye talebesi olmuştur. Buradan mezun olunca (1921 Davut Paşa Ortaokulu’na tarih öğretmeni olarak atanmış, 1923’ten itibaren bu görevinin yanısıra yeniden etkinleştirilen Türk Tarih Encümeni’nde kütüphane memurluğu görevini üstlenmiştir. İşte bu sırada İstanbul şehrinin romantik aydın çevresine girmiş, ölünceye kadar bu çevreye bağlı kalmıştır. Mekteb-i Mülkiyede okurken içinde bulunduğu memleketçi hareketin bir mensubu olarak tarihçilik uğraşına başlamış, özellikle Tevaif-i Mülük (Beylikler ve Selçuklu konularında topladığı nadir eserler ve ortaya koyduğu nadide çalışmaları sayesinde dönemin en seçkin tarihçileri arasında yerini almıştır. Bu çalışmalarının bir devamı olarak Paris’te aynı konuya ilişkin araştırmalar yapmış, bu sırada Fransızların şarkiyat enstitüsü Société Asiatique üyeliğine seçilmiştir. Fransa’dan yurda döndüğü yıllarda bu bilgi, beceri ve deneyimlerinin etkisiyle Türk Tarih Tetkik Cemiyeti üyeliğine seçilmiştir. Mükrimin Halil, Atatürk’ün önderlik ettiği yeni oluşum içinde, Tarih Tezini savunanlar ve açılımını yapanlar arasında bulunmamıştır. Anahtar

  12. DGMK/OeGEW Spring meeting of the exploration and production department. Proceedings; DGMK/OeGEW-Fruehjahrstagung des Fachbereichs Aufsuchung und Gewinnung. Tagungsbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-06-01

    Within the DGMK/OEGEW spring meeting of the exploration and production department between 12th and 13th April 2010 in Celle (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Conventional versus non-conventional: Worldwide resources and developments of the 'white hope' natural gas (H. Andruleit); (2) Shale gas research: A contribution to the exploration of an unconventional gas resource in Europe (H.-M. Schulz); (3) A large-scale dynamic 3D model of the Central European Basin System (A.K. Uffmann); (4) Generation of molecular nitrogen from Palaeozoic sediments of the Central European Basin: Investigation of facies-specific liberation patterns during non isothermal pyrolysis (S. Heim); (5) Filled crack systems and their significance for crustal fluid flow (D. Koehn); (6) Aspects of faulting and fracturing in brittle lithologies: A story behind Zebra carbonates (M. Holland); (7) Petrologic and geochemical investigations of potential source rocks of the Tarfaya Basin, Morocco (V.F. Sachse); (8) Improved sensitivity of thermochronology: Usage of Helium geochronological data for basin modelling (I. Dunkl); (9) A seismo-electromagnetic pattern for the geological determination of structure (B. Kroeger); (10) S(PWD) - (Seismic) prediction while drilling: High-resolution seismic pre-exploration in drillings (K. Jaksch); (11) AVO attributes as a gas indicator: Seismic anomalies of amplitudes in the flat underground of the German North Sea (C. Thuernagel); (12) Measurement of the ambient seismic noise over an oil field in the Upper Rhine Valley (A. Goertz); (13) Infrasonic passive differential spectroscopy - a passive seismic method for exploration and reservoir characterization (E.D. Rode); (14) Horizontal drilling in a 4 m mighty underground gas storage using the reservoir navigation technology (T. Bastert); (15) Flushing technological specialities in the digestion of partly pressure reduced support horizons using the drilling Voelkersen Nord Z5a as an

  13. Multicomponent Seismic Analysis and Calibration to Improve Recovery from Algal Mounds: Application to the Roadrunner/Towaoc area of the Paradox Basin, UTE Mountain UTE Reservation, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joe Hachey

    2007-09-30

    of this upgrade to nine components was to provide additional shear wave component data that might prove useful in delineating internal mound reservoir attributes. Also, Red Willow extended the P-wave portion of the survey to the northwest of the original 6 mi{sup 2} (15.6 km{sup 2}) 3D9C area in order to extend coverage further to the northwest to the Marble Wash area. In order to accomplish this scope of work, 3D9C seismic data set covering two known reservoirs was acquired and processed. Three-dimensional, zero-offset vertical seismic profile (VSP) data was acquired to determine the shear wave velocities for processing the sh3Dseismic data. Anisotropic velocity, and azimuthal AVO processing was carried out in addition to the conventional 3D P-wave data processing. All P-, PS- and S-wave volumes of the seismic data were interpreted to map the seismic response. The interpretation consisted of conventional cross-plots of seismic attributes vs. geological and reservoir engineering data, as well as multivariate and neural net analyses to assess whether additional resolution on exploration and engineering parameters could be achieved through the combined use of several seismic variables. Engineering data in the two reservoirs was used to develop a combined lithology, structure and permeability map. On the basis of the seismic data, a well was drilled into the northern mound trend in the project area. This well, Roadrunner No.9-2, was brought into production in late April 2006 and continues to produce modest amounts of oil and gas. As of the end of August 2007, the well has produced approximately 12,000 barrels of oil and 32,000 mcf of gas. A static reservoir model was created from the seismic data interpretations and well data. The seismic data was tied to various markers identified in the well logs, which in turn were related to lithostratigraphy. The tops and thicknesses of the various units were extrapolated from well control based upon the seismic data that was

  14. Türkçe Öğretmenlerinin Okuma Yöntem-Tekniklerini ve Araç-Gereçlerini Kullanma Durumları The Using Conditions Of In Reading Methods-Techniques And Materials Of The Turkish Teachers'

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    Fulya TOPÇUOĞLU ÜNAL

    2013-07-01

    öntemi olarak olasılığı bilinen örnekleme tabakalı (oranlı örnekleme tekniği kullanılmıştır.Veriler, “Türkçe Dersi Öğretim Programı Okuma Alanı Yöntem ve Teknikleri Anketi” ile toplanmıştır. Araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen anket birbirinden bağımsız iki alt bölümden oluşmaktadır. Birinci alt bölüm tek boyutlu bir yapıda ve Türkçe dersi öğretim programı okuma alanında kullanılması önerilen yöntem ve teknikleri içeren 14 maddeden oluşmaktadır. İkinci alt bölüm ise, katılımcıların okuma alanına yönelik olarak, belirtilen araç ve gereçleri kullanım sıklığını belirlemek amacı ile hazırlanmış 15 maddeden oluşmaktadır. Verilerin analizinde SPSS 20.0 programı kullanılmış betimsel istatistikler ve t-testi analizleri kullanılmıştır.Yapılan anketten elde edilen bulgulara göre; öğretmenlerin %87 ile daha çok sesli okuma yönteminde yoğunlaştığı görülmektedir. Eleştirel okuma ve soru sorarak okuma yönteminin neredeyse aynı oranda olduğu araştırmada; söz korosu, okuma tiyatrosu ve ezberleme gibi okuma yöntemleri daha az kullanılmaktadır.Ayrıca öğretmenler %93 oranında öğretmen kılavuz kitabını ve%92 oranında ders kitabını kullanmışlardır. Yazım kılavuzu vesözlüklerin kullanım oranları % 88-83 arasında birbirine çok yakınken;ders dışı okuma kitaplarının kullanma durumları %75’te kalmıştır. Aynızamanda ankete katılımcılarının Türkçe dersi okuma alanındateknolojiyi %67 gibi bir oranla çok da fazla kullanmadıklarıbelirlenmiştir.

  15. “Lisân-I Osmânî” Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Surveying of Book Called Lisân-ı Osmânî

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onur AKBAŞ

    2013-03-01

    önmüştür. 1908 eylülünde Cezayir-i Bahr-ı Sefid (Akdeniz Adaları valiliğine gönderildi. Balkan Harbi sırasında Yunanlılar’a esir düşmüş bir hafta sonra İstanbul’a dönmüştür. 1913’te Darülfünun(İstanbul Üniversitesi’nda edebiyat müderrisi olarak görevlendirildi. 1919 yılında buradaki görevine son verilerek Galatasaray Sultanisi’ne edebiyat muallimi olarak görevlendirildi. 1923’te Darülfünun’daki görevine geri dönmüş ve 1933 yılına kadar bu görevine devam etmiştir. Bu tarihte Darülfünun’un İstanbul Üniversitesi’ne dönüşümü sebebiyle açıkta kalmış ve hayatının geri kalan kısmını maddî sıkıntılar içinde geçirmiştir. 27 Ağustos 1937’de vefat eden sanatçının mezarı Zincirlikuyu’daki Asri Mezarlık’tadır.Ali Ekrem’in ilk şiirleri Mirsad dergisinde yayınlanmıştır (1891 ilk yazılarında İlham takma adını kullanan şair sonraları “Ayın Nadir” ismini kullanmıştır. Asıl şöhretini Servet-i Fünûn dergisinde yayımladığı şiirleriyle elde etmiştir. Yunan Harbi sırasında yazdığı “Vasiyet” şiiri bunlardan en dikkat çekenidir. 1900 yılında “şiirimiz” makalesi sebebiyle Tevfik Fikret’le araları açıldı. Ali Ekrem bu yazısında Servet-i Fünûn sanatçılarına yapılan hücumların tamamen yersiz olmadığını, kendilerininin de bu itirazlara yol açacak hareketlerde bulunduklarını ve kendi kendilerini eleştirerek hatalarını düzeltmeleri gerektiğini belirterek bir özeleştiri yapmıştı. Tevfik Fikret yazının bazı yerlerini keserek yayınlayınca Ali Ekrem dergiden ayrılmış ve Servet-i Fünûncuların rakibi olan Baba Tahir’in Musavver Malumat dergisinde yazmaya başladı.Şairin Servet-i Fünûn dönemi ile birlikte 1908 yılına kadar olan devrini “ferdiyetçi dönem” olarak değerlendirmek mümkündür. Şairin ikinci döneminde şiirlerinin muhtevasının da değiştiği dönem olarak göze çarpar. Sosyal temalar bu dönem

  16. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şebnem Korur Fincancı

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available VÜCUTTA KALAN BİR MERMİ ÇEKİRDEĞİNE BAĞLI KURŞUN ZEHİRLENMESİ: BİR OLGU SUNUMU Lead poisoning from a retained bullet: a case report and review. Khurana V, Bradley TP. J Assoc Acad Minor Phys 1999;10(2:48-9 Daha önce ateşli silah yaralanmasına maruz kalmış 47 yaşında erkek artrit, konstipasyon, karın ağrısı ve kilo kaybı ile başvurdu. Artrosentez artrit yakınmasının nedenini açıklamadı, ancak kurşun zehirlenmesinden kuşkulanıldı ve bu doğrulandı. Sıklıkla atlanan ve geri dönüşlü kurşun zehirlenmesine yol açan bu durum ile ilgili kaynaklar da gözden geçirilerek olgu sunulmuştur. NİJERYALI SİVİLLERDE ATEŞLİ SİLAH İLE OROFASİYAL BÖLGE YARALANMALARI Gunshot injuries of the orofacial region in Nigerian civilians. Ugboko VI, Owotade FJ, Oginni FO, Odusanya SA. SADJ 1999 Sep;54(9:4l8-22. Bu retrospektif çalışmayı Afrika’daki sivil populas- yonda orofasiyal bölge ateşli silah yaralanmaları ile ilgili bilginin mevcut olmaması başlattı. Sosyodemografik veriler, getirildiğinde saptanan belirtiler, yarayı meydana getiren silahın cinsi, yaralanma mekanizması, radyografiler, tedavi ve komplikasyonlar incelendi. Tüm yaralanmalar sivil populasyondaydi. Hastaların çoğunluğu erkek (95.5% ve avlanma ile ilişkiliydi. En çok Dane tüfeği kullanılmıştı (86.4% ve olguların % 59.1’inde tüfeğin kaza ile patladığı, bunların da % 40.9’unda kaza ile kendileri tarafından meydana getirildiği kaydedilmişti. Tüm olgularda kurşunlar daha çok yüzün soluna isabet etmişti. Hastaların % 63.6’sın- da komplikasyon görülmüştü ve en sık görülen komplikasyon görme kaybıydı. Ölüm oranı %22.7 idi. Geç başvuru sık görülen bir durumdu. Nijerya güvenlik güçlerinin silah satış, bulundurma ve kullanımı izleme stratejileri geliştirmesi önerildi. BATI UTTAR PRADESH’İN KIRSAL BÖLGELERİNDE ATEŞLİ SİLAHLA GÖZ YARALANMALARINA BAĞLI KÖRLÜK Blindness due

  17. Prof Dr Zeki Soysal’a Saygı İle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sermet Koç

    2006-12-01

    koca tarihi mekan büyük İstanbul Depremi’nin ölülerini beklemek üzere terk edildi, ne acı değil mi? Hani, bir yerlerde “kurumsallaşma”, “tarihi miras”, “tarihe saygı”, “duayenlere saygı” gibi kavramlar kalmıştı ya! Şemsi Hoca’nın, Zeki Hoca’nın,... (beni bağışlayın, bu cümlenin sonunu getiremeyeceğim, burnum sızladı. Bunun yerine isterseniz, son bir kez vasiyetini okuyalım, olmaz mı? Belki içinden birkaç ders daha çıkarırız: Değerli Dostlar, Sîzlerle 27 yılı aşkın bir süre birlikte çalıştık. Acı ve tatlı günleri birlikte paylaştık. Adli Tıp biliminin ülkemizde gelişmesi için çalıştık. Meslek hayatımın en güzel günleri eğitim otopsilerini yaptığım günler olmuştur. Adli tıbbı çok sevdiğimi burada belirtmek istiyorum. Bu arada Üniversite Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalları, Adli Tıp Enstitüsü ve Adli Tıp Kurumu’nun birbirlerine sıkıca kenetlenememesi beni her zaman yürekten yaralamıştır. Adli Tıp bir bütündür. Etle tırnağa benzer. Sîzlerden en büyük istirhamım sıkıca birbirlerinize kenetlenerek bu bilim dalını ülkemizde geliştirmenizdir. Bildiğiniz gibi 3 yıldır Akut Myoloid Lösemi hastalığından tedavi görüyordum. Yaşayabilmem amacıyla ülkemizin seçkin hematologları Prof. Dr. Deniz Sargın, Prof. Dr. Burhan Ferhanoğlu ve Prof. Dr. Sevgi Beşışık olağanüstü çaba sarf etmişlerdir. Kalpleri insanlık sevgisi ile dolu olan bu üç büyük hocaya ödeyemeyeceğim minnet borcum olduğunu burada belirtmek istiyorum. Yüce tanrı herkese bir ömür biçmiştir. Benim ölümüme üzülmeyin. Beni aramızda geçen o güzel hatıralarla anın. Belki istemeyerek kalbinizi kırmış olabilirim. Böyle bir şey yaptıysam sîzlerden af diliyorum. Bana karşı haklarınızı lütfen helal edin. Hepinize ailece mutlu ve sağlıklı günler diliyorum. Kalanlara sevgiler ve saygılar. Prof. Dr. Zeki Soysal. Ülkemiz Adli Tıbbına aydınlık bir gelecek

  18. Cengiz Han’ın Devletinde Türk Kültürünün Etkisi ve Katkısı Effect and Contribution of Genghis Khan’s State on Turkish Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İbrahim ONAY

    2012-12-01

    anlayışını ve hakimiyet düşüncesini anlatan en önemli kaynaktır. Bu kaynaktaki bilgiler dikkatle tetkik edildiğinde Cengiz Han devletinin Türk devletlerinin özellikle de Gök-Türklerin kültürel mirası üzerinde yükseldiği kolaylıkla fark edilecektir. Çalışmamızın temeli Moğol tarihi değil, Moğol tarihi içerisindeki Türk kültür unsurlarının varlığını ortaya koymaktır. Biz Cengiz Han’ın ırksal kökeni üzerinde tartışma yapmadan onu bir Moğol Hakanı olarak kabul ediyoruz. Fakat kurduğu devlet ve idealleri tamamıyla bir Türk devletidir diyebiliriz. Bu iddiamızı ispata çalışırken Moğolların Gizli Tarihinde nakledilen bilgiler ve kavramların kökenini ve Türklükle ilgisini anlatmaya ve açıklamaya çalıştık.Bilindiği üzere Türkler ve Moğollar yüzlerce yıl birbirine yakın coğrafyalarda yaşamışlardı. Tarihin erken döneminde göçebe çoban olan Türkler hayvan yetiştiriciliği yaparak göçebe çoban olmuşlardı. Bu dönemlerde Moğollar ise avcı toplayıcı bir hayat sürmekteydiler. Daha sonra onlarda göçebe hayvan yetiştiricisi olmuşlardı. Hun çağında merkezi Asya’da Hun Hakanı Mete’nin “yay geren bütün halkları birleştirdim şimdi onlar Hun oldular” diyerek bahsettiği topluluğun içinde Moğol boylarının da var olduğunu düşünebiliriz. Gök-Türk ve Uygur döneminde de Türk kültürünün hemen yanı başında bulunan Moğollar kuvvetli tesir altında kalmışlardı. Cengiz Han döneminin Moğol kültüründe dini hayata dair pek çok unsur da Hun Gök-Türk ve Uygur devletlerinin bakiyesi hükmündedir. Tanrı inancının yanında, Şamanist uygulamaların varlığı, Atalar Kültü, Yer-Su Kültü gibi dinsel kavramlar da bu meyanda zikredilebilir. Toplumsal hayatta Şamanların oynadığı mühim rol, toplumun hayatı ve dünyayı kavraması da bu benzerliklerin toplumsal hayattaki yansımalarıdır. Hun, Göktürk ve Uygur devletlerinin birikiminden istifade

  19. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümit Ünüvar Atılmış

    2002-08-01

    ı bir dayanak noktasıdır. TRAVMATİK BEYİN HASARINDA VİMENTİN, TENASCİN VE ALFA-1 ANTİKİMOTRİPSİN İÇİN GLİAL İMMÜNREAKTİVİTENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ Course of glial immunoreactivity for vimentin, tenas-cin and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin after traumatic injury to human brain. Hausmann R, Betz P Int J Legal Med. 2001;114(6:33842. Adli yaralarda yara yaşının tayini amacıyla travmatik beyin hasarına maruz kalmış 104 erişkinde travmadan sonraki ilk 30 hafta boyunca yaralı kortikal bölgede glial immunre-aktivitenin varlığı incelenmiştir. Glial hücreler, bir interme-dier hücre filamanı olan vimentin, ekstraselüler matriks proteini tenascin ve serinproteaz inhibitörü olan alfa 1 antiki-motripsine (ACT karşı antikorlarla boyandı. Travma sebepli glial boyanma, ACT için en erken 3.1 saatte, vimentin için 22 saatte ve tenascin için 7. günde gözlendi. KARACİĞER GLİKOJEN BOYAMASI. YARALANMALARDA YAŞAM SÜRESİ VE ÇOCUK İSTİSMARI OLGULARINDA UYGULAMA Hepatic glycogen staining. Applications in injury survival time and child abuse. Thogmartm JR, England D, Sıebert CF Jr. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2001;22(3:313-8. Açlık, travma, akut stress ve şok durumlarında karaciğer glikojen depolarının azaldığı uzun zamandan beri bilinmektedir. Bu çalışmada, çok çeşitli nedenlerle ölmüş, yaşları lile 88 arasında değişen 122 olgunun karaciğer dokuları çalışılmıştır. 121 olguda karaciğer dokuları, glikojen/kar-bonhidratları göstermek için Best's carmine ve/veya period acid-Schiff (PAS-alcian blue metodları ile boyanmıştır. Karaciğer doku örnekleri, eğer varsa hepatik hasar etrafındaki boyanma ve histolojik anormallikler yönünden, dokunun boya tutma derecesine göre değerlendirilmiştir. Boyanma derecesi, yaralanmadan sonra yaşam süresi ve postmortem interval ile ters orantılıdır (P=0001. Karaciğerdeki hasar-lanma antemortem gerçekleşti ise yara kenarlarındaki boyanma azalmakta fakat doku

  20. Journal Abstracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Korkut Gülmen

    1997-04-01

    ın rengi not alınmıştır. Olguların 6l4(%96’ünde yaralanma ile hikaye birbirine uygun idi. Olguların 4l(%6’inde, yazarlar yetersiz kayıt nedeniyle çocuk istismarı ve ihmalinin oluşup oluşmadığı hakkında kararsız kalmışlardır. Sonuçlar: Pediatrik travma kayıtları istismardan kaza sonucu görülen travmalara kadar yetersiz kalmaktadır. Çocuklarda yeterince tanımlanmayan (nedeni açıklanmayan veya tekrarlayan yaralanmalar çocuk istismarı ve ihmali olarak rapor edilmelidir, ve bu raporlara hikaye ve hekim tarafından yapılan fiziksel muayene tam olarak kaydedilmelidir. EROİN HAZIRLANMASINDA “HOMEBAKE” 0-6-ASETİLMORFİN FORMASYONU Formation of 0-6-acetylmorphine in the “homebake” preparation of heroin Sibley JA Forensic Sci Int 1996; 77/3: 159-67. Yasa dışı uyuşturucu kullanan olgularda veya toksikolojik incelemelerde 0-6-asetilmorfin saptandığında, genellikle bu düşük eroin ürünü gibi gösterilmiştir. Bundan dolayı eroin varlığının ön kanıtı olarak kabul edilmiştir. Yapılan bazı araştırmalarda kısmi asetil- morfinsülfat, 0-6-asetilmorfin içeren bir karışım ile muamele edildiğinde etkisiz mferfin ile sadece 0-3-ase- tilmorfin ve eroin elde edildiği belirlenmiştir. Dolayısıyla eroin tespit edilmeyen ancak sadece 0-6-asetilmorfin saptanan olgular eroinin varlığını gösteren bir kanıt olarak ele alınmaz.

  1. Kongre İzlenimleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin Balcı

    2007-12-01

    çilere açtığı şarap mahzenleri var. Görülmeye değerdi. Kongrenin son günü, Portoya özel bir festival vardı. S. Joe festival olarak anılıyor. Bu festivalin özelliği bir nevi şaka ya da hoşgörü günü gibi olması idi. Bu festival nedeniyle Portekiz’in diğer şehirlerinden pek çok kişi şehre geldi. Her ne kadar herkes sabaha kadar sokaklarda olup eğlense de otellerde yer kalmıyor. Her tarafta rengârenk plastik çekiçler satılıyor. Çoluk çocuk, genç ihtiyar herkes bu çekiçlerden satın alıyor. Sokaklarda yanında bulunan ya da yanından geçen herkese bu çekiçle vuruyor. Kongre organizasyon komitesi de bu nedenle bizi çekiçsiz bırakmadı. Katılımcılara çekiç verdiler. Ayrıca, sokaklarda kötü koku ile özdeşleştirilen fesleğen saksıları (bizde güzel koku olarak bilinir ile çiçeklenmiş/tohuma dönmüş erkek soğanlar satılıyor. İnsanlar yapraklarını koparıp elini yanındaki-nin burnuna sürüyor. Soğanın tohumlu kısmını yüzüne kulağına vs. sürtüyor. Tüm bunlar bir nevi şaka, kimse kimseye kırılmıyor. Şehrin tüm meydanlarında konser platformları kuruluyor, herkes sokaklarda dans ediyor, Super Bock adlı bira çeşmelerinden biralar alınıp içiliyor. Ezilme tehlikesi geçirecek kadar insan seli olmasına karşın, en küçük bir taşkınlıkla karşılaşılmaması oldukça ilgimizi çekti. Gece yarısından sonra nehri baştan yaratacak şekilde yapılan havai fişek gösterisi ile havaya fırlatılan yüzlerce ateş balonları görmeye değerdi. Türkiye’den kongre katılımcıları Uzm. Dr. Özlem Ersoy Adli Tıp Kurumu Prof. Dr. Mete Gülmen Çukurova Üniversitesi Dr. Hüsniye Canan, Phd. Çukurova Üniversitesi Dr. Demet Meral Çukurova Üniversitesi Dr. Dilek Battal, Phd. Çukurova Üniversitesi Prof. Dr. Yasemin Balcı Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Yard. Doç. Dr. Birol Demirel Gazi Üniversitesi Doç. Dr. Coşkun Yorulmaz İstanbul Üniversitesi Yard. Doç. Dr. Gökhan Ersoy

  2. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Korkut Gülmen

    1997-04-01

    ın rengi not alınmıştır. Olguların 6l4(%96’ünde yaralanma ile hikaye birbirine uygun idi. Olguların 4l(%6’inde, yazarlar yetersiz kayıt nedeniyle çocuk istismarı ve ihmalinin oluşup oluşmadığı hakkında kararsız kalmışlardır. Sonuçlar: Pediatrik travma kayıtları istismardan kaza sonucu görülen travmalara kadar yetersiz kalmaktadır. Çocuklarda yeterince tanımlanmayan (nedeni açıklanmayan veya tekrarlayan yaralanmalar çocuk istismarı ve ihmali olarak rapor edilmelidir, ve bu raporlara hikaye ve hekim tarafından yapılan fiziksel muayene tam olarak kaydedilmelidir. EROİN HAZIRLANMASINDA “HOMEBAKE” 0-6-ASETİLMORFİN FORMASYONU Formation of 0-6-acetylmorphine in the “homebake” preparation of heroin Sibley JA Forensic Sci Int 1996; 77/3: 159-67. Yasa dışı uyuşturucu kullanan olgularda veya toksikolojik incelemelerde 0-6-asetilmorfin saptandığında, genellikle bu düşük eroin ürünü gibi gösterilmiştir. Bundan dolayı eroin varlığının ön kanıtı olarak kabul edilmiştir. Yapılan bazı araştırmalarda kısmi asetil- morfinsülfat, 0-6-asetilmorfin içeren bir karışım ile muamele edildiğinde etkisiz mferfin ile sadece 0-3-ase- tilmorfin ve eroin elde edildiği belirlenmiştir. Dolayısıyla eroin tespit edilmeyen ancak sadece 0-6-asetilmorfin saptanan olgular eroinin varlığını gösteren bir kanıt olarak ele alınmaz.

  3. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeki Kır

    2006-04-01

    lokalizasyonu itibariyle bize suçun cinsi hakkında da fikir verebildiği ortaya çıktı. Kurbanların yaşı ve cinsiyeti de ısırık izlerinin yerini ve sıklığını etkileyen diğer bir faktördü. Isırık izleri ile ilgili hazırlanan anket formu bir Board kuruluşu olan Amerikan Adli Odontoloji Derneğine gönderildi. Anket Amerikan Adli Odontoloji Birliğinin gazetesinde de yayınlandı. Anket ayrıca 26 farklı ülkede bulunan 1100 adli odontoloji uzmanına da gönderildi. 7 farklı ülkeden 52 adli odontolog ankete cevap göndermiş olup bunlardan 17 si Amerikan Board sertifikasına sahipti. Anket gönderilen kişilerden primer olarak katıldıkları vakalar hakkında anket formu üzerine yerleştirilen sorulara uygun cevapları yerleştirmeleri istendi. Anket formundan elde edilen bilgiler Mikrosoft Exel programı yardımıyla değerlendirildi. 259 ısırık vakası olayında 778 ısırık izi analizi yapıldı. Harvey (1976, Sweet ve Pretty (2000 yıllarında yaptıkları çalışmalarda ısırık izlerinin en fazla göğüs üzerinde bulunduğunu kaydettiler. Vale ve Naguchi ise 1983 yılında yaptığı çalışmada ısırık izlerinin en fazla üst ekstremite de görüldüğünü belirtmişlerdi. Yaptığımız çalışmada elde ettiğimiz verileri: mağdurların cinsiyet ve yaşına, suiistimale uğramış çocukların cinsiyet ve yaşına, cinsel saldırıya uğramış mağdurların cinsiyet ve yaşına, cinayete maruz kalmış kurbanların cinsiyet ve yaşına, ısırık izlerinin cinsiyet ve lokalizasyonuna, her bir vakadaki ısırık izlerinin sayısı, ısırık izlerinin dağılımı ve daha önceki yapılan çalışmalarla kıyaslanması, faillerin cinsiyet ve yaş dağılımlarına göre farklı guruplara ayırarak insidanslarına göre değerlendirdik. Isırık izleri göğsü takiben en fazla üst ekstremite-de görülmektedi. Çalışmada kadınların erkek-lere oranla daha fazla ısırıldığı oraya çıktı. Erkek mağdurlar yaş olarak kad

  4. A Portrait of One Hundred Thousand and One Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-08-01

    Rich and Inspiring Experience with NGC 300 Images from the ESO Science Data Archive Summary A series of wide-field images centred on the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 300 , obtained with the Wide-Field Imager (WFI) on the MPG/ESO 2.2-m telescope at the La Silla Observatory , have been combined into a magnificent colour photo. These images have been used by different groups of astronomers for various kinds of scientific investigations, ranging from individual stars and nebulae in NGC 300, to distant galaxies and other objects in the background. This material provides an interesting demonstration of the multiple use of astronomical data, now facilitated by the establishment of extensively documented data archives, like the ESO Science Data Archive that now is growing rapidly and already contains over 15 Terabyte. Based on the concept of Astronomical Virtual Observatories (AVOs) , the use of archival data sets is on the rise and provides a large number of scientists with excellent opportunities for front-line investigations without having to wait for precious observing time. In addition to presenting a magnificent astronomical photo, the present account also illustrates this important new tool of the modern science of astronomy and astrophysics. PR Photo 18a/02 : WFI colour image of spiral galaxy NGC 300 (full field) . PR Photo 18b/02 : Cepheid stars in NGC 300 PR Photo 18c/02 : H-alpha image of NGC 300 PR Photo 18d/02 : Distant cluster of galaxies CL0053-37 in the NGC 300 field PR Photo 18e/02 : Dark matter distribution in CL0053-37 PR Photo 18f/02 : Distant, reddened cluster of galaxies in the NGC 300 field PR Photo 18g/02 : Distant galaxies, seen through the outskirts of NGC 300 PR Photo 18h/02 : "The View Beyond" ESO PR Photo 18a/02 ESO PR Photo 18a/02 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 412 pix - 112k] [Normal - JPEG: 1200 x 1237 pix - 1.7M] [Hi-Res - JPEG: 4000 x 4123 pix - 20.3M] Caption : PR Photo 18a/02 is a reproduction of a colour-composite image of the nearby spiral galaxy