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Sample records for volli kalm avo

  1. Kes peaks tagama seaduste täitmise? / Inge Timoštšuk, Volli Kalm, Maiki Udam ; üles kirjutanud Ülo Tikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Timoštšuk, Inge, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Vene koolidel käib Põhikooli- ja Gümnaasiumiseaduse § 52 teise lõike "Riigi- ja munitsipaalgümnaasiumides alustatakse üleminekut eesti õppekeelele hiljemalt 2007/08. õppeaastal" täitmine üle jõu, kuna ei jätku pädevaid õpetajaid. Teemat kommenteerivad Tartu Ülikooli prorektor Volli Kalm, Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli õpetajakoolituse osakonna juhataja Inge Timoštšuk ja Haridusministeeriumi kõrghariduse talituse juhataja Maiki Udam

  2. Ott Puuraid 100 / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    23. IV 2004. a. tähistati Viljandis kauaaegse linna peaarhitekti Ott Puuraiu (1904-1986) 100. sünniaastapäeva. Esinesid Mart Kalm, Ülo Stöör ja arhitekti tütar Meeli Roosalu. Kondase keskuses avati O. Puuraiu projektide näitus, mille koostas tema lapselaps, arhitekt Priit Roosalu, kes oli ka kataloogi koostanud. Näituse koostamisel olid abiks Anne Lass ja Tarmo Maiste. O Puuraiu elust ja loomingust

  3. Bayesian seismic AVO inversion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buland, Arild

    2002-07-01

    A new linearized AVO inversion technique is developed in a Bayesian framework. The objective is to obtain posterior distributions for P-wave velocity, S-wave velocity and density. Distributions for other elastic parameters can also be assessed, for example acoustic impedance, shear impedance and P-wave to S-wave velocity ratio. The inversion algorithm is based on the convolutional model and a linearized weak contrast approximation of the Zoeppritz equation. The solution is represented by a Gaussian posterior distribution with explicit expressions for the posterior expectation and covariance, hence exact prediction intervals for the inverted parameters can be computed under the specified model. The explicit analytical form of the posterior distribution provides a computationally fast inversion method. Tests on synthetic data show that all inverted parameters were almost perfectly retrieved when the noise approached zero. With realistic noise levels, acoustic impedance was the best determined parameter, while the inversion provided practically no information about the density. The inversion algorithm has also been tested on a real 3-D dataset from the Sleipner Field. The results show good agreement with well logs but the uncertainty is high. The stochastic model includes uncertainties of both the elastic parameters, the wavelet and the seismic and well log data. The posterior distribution is explored by Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation using the Gibbs sampler algorithm. The inversion algorithm has been tested on a seismic line from the Heidrun Field with two wells located on the line. The uncertainty of the estimated wavelet is low. In the Heidrun examples the effect of including uncertainty of the wavelet and the noise level was marginal with respect to the AVO inversion results. We have developed a 3-D linearized AVO inversion method with spatially coupled model parameters where the objective is to obtain posterior distributions for P-wave velocity, S

  4. Ka Eesti vajab oma pildiraamatuid / Anu Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Anu, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Bologna lasteraamatumessist. IBBY (The International Board on Books for Young People) Eesti esindajatena olid messil Piret Raud ja Anu Kalm. Piret Raua tööd olid valitud rahvusvahelisele illustraatorite näitusele, mille aukülaline oli saksa illustraator Wolf Erlbruch. Eestit esindasid kolm raamatut IBBY rahvusvahelisel stendil. Kümme parimat raamatut ja viimase 40 aasta parimad raamatud olid eksponeeritud Bologna Ragazzi Award'i ülikooli raamatukogus

  5. Science from the Avo 1ST Light: the High Redshift Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Nicholas A.

    The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory science working group defined a number of key science drivers for which the AVO should develop capabilities. At the AVO's Jan 2003 'First Light' event the AVO prototype data access and manipulation tool was demonstrated. In particular its use in enabling discovery in deep multi wavelength data sets was highlighted. In this presentation I will describe how the AVO demonstrator has enabled investigation into the high redshift universe and in particular its use in discovering rare populations of high redshift galaxies from deep Hubble and ground based imaging data obtained through the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) programme.

  6. Preface of Special issue on Automated Verification of Critical Systems (AVoCS'14)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huisman, Marieke; van de Pol, Jaco

    2016-01-01

    AVoCS 2014, the 14th International Conference on Automated Verification of Critical Systems has been hosted by the University of Twente, and has taken place in Enschede, Netherlands, on 24–26 September, 2014. The aim of the AVoCS series is to contribute to the interaction and exchange of ideas among

  7. Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO data to assess fluid and shale ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Bayesian inversion scheme for estimating reservoir parameters from amplitude vs. offset (AVO) data was used to obtain the information about uncertainties as well as their most likely values. The results from our workflow give reliable estimates of water saturation from AVO data at small uncertainties, provided background ...

  8. Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO data to assess fluid and shale ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hafiz Mubbasher Anwer

    Rock-physics models are often used to link ... AVO data, i.e., reflection coefficients from top ... sion method for estimation of reservoir parameters ..... the probability of finding the elliptic shale inclusion or spatial ..... Science & Business Media.

  9. Analysis and Interpretation of Avo Data in Buit-North Prospect of the Niger Delta Slope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oladapo, M.I.; Ojo, J. S.; Adetola, B.A.

    2003-01-01

    A qualitative analysis and interpretation of Amplitude Variations with Offset (AVO) data from Buit-North prospect in the Niger Delta Slope has been undertaken. Four horizons evaluated are AA (1900mm), BB (2345m), CC (2500m) and DD (2935). The work involved the comparison of AVO analysis of Buit-I well log and those of 3-D Pre-Stack Time Migrated (PSTM) seismic data acquired from the study area. Acoustic Impedance-Depth trend generated from Buit-1 Well demonstrates that AVO interpretation at depths between 2650m and .3300m (points of polynomial fit convergence) may be subdued due to nera zero impedance contrasts at contacts. Monte-Carlo models generated for the horizons using parameters measured from Buit. Zoeppritz (AVO) curves and seismic attributes crossplots were generated for all the horizons. AA horizon exhibit classes II and IV (falling AVO) while horizon BB reveal class III (classical bright spot) gas sand. Horizon CC exhibit class II (near zero impedance) gas sand while the seismic attributes crossplots show no distinct anomalous plots. The AVO response curves displayed at the upper level of horizon DD is characteristic of class IV response with the lower level exhibiting class II attribute. The seismic attributes crossplots for DD show plots on quandrants II, III and IV thus confirmation AVO analysis complexity within that depth window. Quantitative analysis and interpretation of AVO data is demonstrated in this study as a valuable emerging technology for appraising deep-water prospects for the delineation of probable hydrocarbon zones for further studies

  10. Avo analysis in the high impedance reservoir of Chuchupa Field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cediel Mauricio; Almanza Ovidio; Montes Luis

    2012-01-01

    The technique of bright spot as a direct indicator of hydrocarbons has been widely used since the work of Ostrander (1984), particularly in gas fields. Located at north of Colombia, the Chuchupa field has produced gas continuously during 30 years, but despite the coverage with 2D seismic, amplitude anomalies associated with gas accumulation have not been observed. In order to find the relationships between the amplitude information and the gas accumulation, an AVO analysis was performed to describe the seismic reservoir response. The raw data of a 2D seismic line that crosses the field from East to West and a well log data set were used. In a first approach the seismic response was modeled using well logs, so a comparative analysis between the furnished synthetic seismograms and the real CDP gathers was done. The results indicated that the reservoirs top is represented by a low amplitude peak which decreases when the offset increases but whose phase remains unchanged. In the well, where the reservoir has 100% gas saturation, a high correlation between the synthetic and real CDP gathers was observed. In a second approach, anomalous clustered points in the IV quadrant were discriminated through intercept versus gradient cross plot analysis. A weak Class-I anomaly was identified, which could not be observed in stacked sections and hence it should be analyzed using pre-stack data.

  11. An analysis of AVO inversion for postcritical offsets in HTI media

    KAUST Repository

    Skopintseva, Lyubov; Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali

    2013-01-01

    Azimuthal variations of wavefield characteristics, such as traveltime or reflection amplitude, play an important role in the identification of fractured media. A transversely isotropic medium with a horizontal symmetry axis (HTI medium) is the simplest azimuthally anisotropic model typically used to describe one set of vertical fractures. There exist many techniques in industry to recover anisotropic parameters based on moveout equations and linearized reflection coefficients using such a model. However, most of the methods have limitations in defining properties of the fractures due to linearizations and physical approximations used in their development. Thus, azimuthal analysis of traveltimes based on normal moveout ellipses recovers a maximum of three medium parameters instead of the required five. Linearizations made in plane-wave reflection coefficients (PWRCs) limit the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) analysis to small incident angles and weak-contrast interfaces. Inversion based on azimuthal AVO for small offsets encounters nonuniqueness in the resolving power of the anisotropy parameters. Extending the AVO analysis and inversion to and beyond the critical reflection angle increases the amount of information recovered from the medium. However, well-accepted PWRCs are not valid in the vicinity of the critical angle and beyond it, due to frequency and spherical wave effects. Recently derived spherical and effective reflection coefficient (ERC) methods overcome this problem. We extended the ERCs approach to HTI media to analyze the potential of near- and postcritical reflections in azimuthal AVO analysis. From the sensitivity analysis, we found that ERCs are sensitive to different sets of parameters prior to and beyond the critical angle, which is useful in enhancing our resolution of the anisotropy parameters. Additionally, the resolution of the parameters depends on a sufficient azimuthal coverage in the acquisition setup. The most stable AVO results for the

  12. An analysis of AVO inversion for postcritical offsets in HTI media

    KAUST Repository

    Skopintseva, Lyubov

    2013-04-12

    Azimuthal variations of wavefield characteristics, such as traveltime or reflection amplitude, play an important role in the identification of fractured media. A transversely isotropic medium with a horizontal symmetry axis (HTI medium) is the simplest azimuthally anisotropic model typically used to describe one set of vertical fractures. There exist many techniques in industry to recover anisotropic parameters based on moveout equations and linearized reflection coefficients using such a model. However, most of the methods have limitations in defining properties of the fractures due to linearizations and physical approximations used in their development. Thus, azimuthal analysis of traveltimes based on normal moveout ellipses recovers a maximum of three medium parameters instead of the required five. Linearizations made in plane-wave reflection coefficients (PWRCs) limit the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) analysis to small incident angles and weak-contrast interfaces. Inversion based on azimuthal AVO for small offsets encounters nonuniqueness in the resolving power of the anisotropy parameters. Extending the AVO analysis and inversion to and beyond the critical reflection angle increases the amount of information recovered from the medium. However, well-accepted PWRCs are not valid in the vicinity of the critical angle and beyond it, due to frequency and spherical wave effects. Recently derived spherical and effective reflection coefficient (ERC) methods overcome this problem. We extended the ERCs approach to HTI media to analyze the potential of near- and postcritical reflections in azimuthal AVO analysis. From the sensitivity analysis, we found that ERCs are sensitive to different sets of parameters prior to and beyond the critical angle, which is useful in enhancing our resolution of the anisotropy parameters. Additionally, the resolution of the parameters depends on a sufficient azimuthal coverage in the acquisition setup. The most stable AVO results for the

  13. Formation, structure and magnetism of the metastable defect fluorite phases AVO3.5+x (A=In, Sc)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shafi, Shahid P.; Lundgren, Rylan J.; Cranswick, Lachlan M.D.; Bieringer, Mario

    2007-01-01

    We report the preparation and stability of ScVO 3.5+x and the novel phase InVO 3.5+x . AVO 3.5+x (A=Sc, In) defect fluorite structures are formed as metastable intermediates during the topotactic oxidation of AVO 3 bixbyites. The oxidation pathway has been studied in detail by means of thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis and in-situ powder X-ray diffraction. The oxidation of the bixbyite phase follows a topotactic pathway at temperatures between 300 and 400 deg. C in air/carbon dioxide. The range of accessible oxygen stoichiometries for the AVO 3.5+x structures following this pathway are 0.00≤x≤0.22. Rietveld refinements against powder X-ray and neutron data revealed that InVO 3.54 and ScVO 3.70 crystallize in the defect fluorite structure in space group Fm-3 m (227) with a=4.9863(5) and 4.9697(3)A, respectively with A 3+ /V 4+ disorder on the (4a) cation site. Powder neutron diffraction experiments indicate clustering of oxide defects in all samples. Bulk magnetic measurements showed the presence of V 4+ and the absence of magnetic ordering at low temperatures. Powder neutron diffraction experiments confirmed the absence of a long range ordered magnetic ground state. - Graphical abstract: Topotactic oxidation of AVO 3 bixbyite to AVO 3.5 defect fluorite structure followed by in-situ powder X-ray diffraction. The upper structural diagram shows a six coordinated (A/V)-O 6 fragment in bixbyite, the lower structure illustrates the same seven-fold coordinated (A/V)-O 7 cubic environment in the defect fluorite structure

  14. Geologic data management at AVO: building authoritative coverage with radical availability (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, C.; Snedigar, S. F.; Nye, C. J.

    2009-12-01

    In 2002, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) began creating the Geologic Database of Information on Volcanoes in Alaska (GeoDIVA) to create a system that contains complete, flexible, timely, and accurate geologic and geographic information on Pleistocene and younger volcanoes in Alaska. This system was primarily intended to be a tool for scientific investigation, crisis response, and public information - delivered in a dynamic, digital format to both internal and external users. It is now the back-end of the AVO public website. GeoDIVA does not interface with our daily monitoring activities, however -- seismic and satellite data are handled by different database efforts. GeoDIVA also doesn’t store volcanic unrest data, although we hope WOVOdat will. GeoDIVA does include modules for the following datasets: bibliography (every subsequent piece of data in GeoDIVA is tied to a reference), basic volcano information (~137 edifices), historical eruption history information (~550 events), images (~17,000), sample information (~4400), geochemistry (~1500; population in progress), petrography (very early stages of data creation), sample storage (~14,000), and Quaternary vent information (~1200 vents). Modules in progress include GIS data, tephra data, and geochronologic data. In recent years, we have been doing maintenance work on older modules (for example, adding new references to the bibliography, and creating new queries and data fields in response to user feedback) as well as developing, designing, and populating new modules. Population can be quite time consuming, as there are no pre-compiled comprehensive existing sources for most information on Alaskan volcanoes, and we carefully reference each item. Newer modules also require more complex data arrangements than older modules. To meet the needs of a diverse group of users on widely varying computer platforms, GeoDIVA data is primarily stored in a MySQL DBMS; PostGIS/PostgreSQL are currently used to store and

  15. The time-lapse AVO difference inversion for changes in reservoir parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longxiao, Zhi; Hanming, Gu; Yan, Li

    2016-12-01

    The result of conventional time-lapse seismic processing is the difference between the amplitude and the post-stack seismic data. Although stack processing can improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of seismic data, it also causes a considerable loss of important information about the amplitude changes and only gives the qualitative interpretation. To predict the changes in reservoir fluid more precisely and accurately, we also need the quantitative information of the reservoir. To achieve this aim, we develop the method of time-lapse AVO (amplitude versus offset) difference inversion. For the inversion of reservoir changes in elastic parameters, we apply the Gardner equation as the constraint and convert the three-parameter inversion of elastic parameter changes into a two-parameter inversion to make the inversion more stable. For the inversion of variations in the reservoir parameters, we infer the relation between the difference of the reflection coefficient and variations in the reservoir parameters, and then invert reservoir parameter changes directly. The results of the theoretical modeling computation and practical application show that our method can estimate the relative variations in reservoir density, P-wave and S-wave velocity, calculate reservoir changes in water saturation and effective pressure accurately, and then provide reference for the rational exploitation of the reservoir.

  16. Análisis de la amplitud referenciada con trayectorias de rayo y su aplicación en AVO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bohórquez Q. Jesús G.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available

    The AVO analysis is based in variation of amplitude of waves with offset, due mainly to elastic properties of rocks. The variables characterizing the elastic behavior ofrocks, licke velocity of s-waves and attenuation, can be estimated by AVO analysis. This can be considered cheap in case ofland acquisition and possible in case of maxime acquisition. This paper describes a different methodology to use AVO, analyzing the relative change ofthe amplitude use with frequency between two reflectors, recovering the last energy of wave due transmission are conversion of wares affected by the angle of incidence.

    The method was applica to synthetic data of models with homogeneus and isotropic layers separated by plan-paralled interfaces, models associated to maxime depositation environment with low tectonic activity, with stratigraphic features as seen in wt plans in Colombia.

    EI análisis AVO se basa en la variación de amplitudes de ondas con el offset, determinada entre otras causas por las propiedades elásticas de las rocas.

    Las variables necesarias para caracterizar el comportamiento elástico de las rocas, como la velocidad de ondas-s y atenuación, se llegan a determinar mediante análisis AVO. La valoración de velocidades resulta menos costosa en unos casos, cuando el AVO

  17. Teenetemärgid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli kollektiivi liikmetest saavad Eesti vabariigi 87. aastapäeva puhul riikliku autasu külalisprofessorid Stig Erik örjan Ohlsson ja Uno lõhmus, professorid mati Erelt, Volli kalm, kalle merusk, Aadu Must, Paul varul, Jaan Eha, bibliograaf Marika Meltsas

  18. Target of rapamycin complex 2 signals to downstream effector yeast protein kinase 2 (Ypk2) through adheres-voraciously-to-target-of-rapamycin-2 protein 1 (Avo1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Hsien-Ching; Chen, Mei-Yu

    2012-02-24

    The conserved Ser/Thr kinase target of rapamycin (TOR) serves as a central regulator in controlling cell growth-related functions. There exist two distinct TOR complexes, TORC1 and TORC2, each coupling to specific downstream effectors and signaling pathways. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, TORC2 is involved in regulating actin organization and maintaining cell wall integrity. Ypk2 (yeast protein kinase 2), a member of the cAMP-dependent, cGMP-dependent, and PKC (AGC) kinase family, is a TORC2 substrate known to participate in actin and cell wall regulation. Employing avo3(ts) mutants with defects in TORC2 functions that are suppressible by active Ypk2, we investigated the molecular interactions involved in mediating TORC2 signaling to Ypk2. GST pulldown assays in yeast lysates demonstrated physical interactions between Ypk2 and components of TORC2. In vitro binding assays revealed that Avo1 directly binds to Ypk2. In avo3(ts) mutants, the TORC2-Ypk2 interaction was reduced and could be restored by AVO1 overexpression, highlighting the important role of Avo1 in coupling TORC2 to Ypk2. The interaction was mapped to an internal region (amino acids 600-840) of Avo1 and a C-terminal region of Ypk2. Ypk2(334-677), a truncated form of Ypk2 containing the Avo1-interacting region, was able to interfere with Avo1-Ypk2 interaction in vitro. Overexpressing Ypk2(334-677) in yeast cells resulted in a perturbation of TORC2 functions, causing defective cell wall integrity, aberrant actin organization, and diminished TORC2-dependent Ypk2 phosphorylation evidenced by the loss of an electrophoretic mobility shift. Together, our data support the conclusion that the direct Avo1-Ypk2 interaction is crucial for TORC2 signaling to the downstream Ypk2 pathway.

  19. [Raamat] / Elina Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Elina

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Stroud, Jonathan. Samarkandi amulett / tlk. Bibi Raid. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2005 ; Stroud, Jonathan. Golemi silm / tlk. Bibi Raid. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2007 ; Stroud, Jonathan. Ptolemaiose värav / tlk. Bibi Raid. Tallinn : Pegasus, 2007. (Bartimaeuse triloogia ; 1-3)

  20. Sisekujunduse parimad / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1999-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu interjööripreemiale ja vormipreemiale kandideerinud ning preemia pälvinud töödest. Interjööripreemia ئ Taso Mähar (restoran "Exit" Sauna t.), vormipreemia ئ Edina Dufala-Pärn ja Martin Pärn (tool "Lib-lik").

  1. Multivariate Formation Pressure Prediction with Seismic-derived Petrophysical Properties from Prestack AVO inversion and Poststack Seismic Motion Inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, H.; Gu, H.

    2017-12-01

    A novel multivariate seismic formation pressure prediction methodology is presented, which incorporates high-resolution seismic velocity data from prestack AVO inversion, and petrophysical data (porosity and shale volume) derived from poststack seismic motion inversion. In contrast to traditional seismic formation prediction methods, the proposed methodology is based on a multivariate pressure prediction model and utilizes a trace-by-trace multivariate regression analysis on seismic-derived petrophysical properties to calibrate model parameters in order to make accurate predictions with higher resolution in both vertical and lateral directions. With prestack time migration velocity as initial velocity model, an AVO inversion was first applied to prestack dataset to obtain high-resolution seismic velocity with higher frequency that is to be used as the velocity input for seismic pressure prediction, and the density dataset to calculate accurate Overburden Pressure (OBP). Seismic Motion Inversion (SMI) is an inversion technique based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. Both structural variability and similarity of seismic waveform are used to incorporate well log data to characterize the variability of the property to be obtained. In this research, porosity and shale volume are first interpreted on well logs, and then combined with poststack seismic data using SMI to build porosity and shale volume datasets for seismic pressure prediction. A multivariate effective stress model is used to convert velocity, porosity and shale volume datasets to effective stress. After a thorough study of the regional stratigraphic and sedimentary characteristics, a regional normally compacted interval model is built, and then the coefficients in the multivariate prediction model are determined in a trace-by-trace multivariate regression analysis on the petrophysical data. The coefficients are used to convert velocity, porosity and shale volume datasets to effective stress and then

  2. Analysis of seismic reflectivity and AVO pattern of BSR using OBS data in the southwestern offshore region of Taiwan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, W.B.; Yang, H.R. [Jinwen Univ. of Science and Technology, Hsintien City, Taipei County, Taiwan (China). Dept. of Environment and Property Management; Schnurle, P.; Liu, C.S. [National Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan (China). Inst. of Oceanography; Lee, C.S. [National Taiwan Ocean Univ., Keelung, Taiwan (China). Inst. of Applied Earth Science; Wang, Y.; Chung, S.H.; Chen, S.C. [Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taiwan (China). Central Geological Survey

    2008-07-01

    Regional multi-channel seismic reflection profiles that were conducted in Taiwan from 2003 to 2006 resulted in the identification of a gas hydrate-related bottom simulating reflector (BSR) in the broad southwestern offshore region of Taiwan. In order to understand the regional distribution of methane hydrate bearing layers and explore concentrated hydrate bearing layers, this paper presented a comprehensive analysis of reflection coefficient and amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) pattern of BSR using ocean bottom seismographs (OBSs) seismic data acquired in the southwestern offshore region of Taiwan. The study focused on the analysis and interpretation of airgun array signals recorded by OBSs during 2004 and 2006. Ten profiles of seismic reflection/refraction with a total length of about 140 km and recorded by 50 recovered OBSs were acquired on the active and passive margins in offshore southwestern Taiwan. Amplitudes of the direct water arrival, the multiple, and the BSR were picked interactively for all the OBS lines. A quantitative representation of reflector strength was provided by calculation of reflection coefficients. In general, the seafloor reflection coefficients for the active and passive margins were estimated as 0.1-0.25. The paper presented the data and analysis as well as the results of the study. It was concluded that the results of calculated reflection coefficient of the BSR in offshore southwest Taiwan suggested that inferred hydrate concentration for the passive margin profiles was relatively higher than that for the active margin profiles. 4 refs.

  3. Volli - Eesti parim õpilasfirma 2006 / Pille Rõivas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõivas, Pille

    2006-01-01

    2006. aasta parima õpilasfirma valimisest, mille võitis Tallinna 21. Kool. Võitjad osalevad ka Šveitsis toimuvatel Euroopa riikide õpilasfirmade võistlusel "Junior Achievement - Young Enterprice Europe". Vt. samas: Esikohale tihe rebimine. Žürii: Oluline on idee edasiarendus.

  4. Kilde Hiiumaa maleajaloost / Volli Mäeumbaed

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäeumbaed, Volli

    1999-01-01

    Järgneb 19.,26. nov., 3.,10.,17.,24.,31. dets. ; 2000, 7.,14.,21.,28. jaan, 4.,11.,18.,26. veebr., 3.,10.,17.,24.,31. märts, 7.,14.,20.,28. apr., 5.,12.,19.,26. mai, 2.,9.,16.,22. juuni, 28. juuli, 4.,11.,25. aug., 1.,8.,15.,22. sept., 20.,27. okt.,3., 10.,17.,24. nov., 1.,8.,15.,22.,29.dets. ; 2001, 19.,26. jaan., 2.,9.,16.,23. veebr., 2.,9.,16.,23.,30. märts, 6.,12.,20.,27. apr., 4.,11. mai

  5. Kujundades ja tootes / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Uurimata disain. Tsaariaegse tööstuse eripära. Lutheri vabrik. Teised mööblivalmistajad. Ilmus sisearhitekt. Kujundatud ühiskauplus. Uued tootmisharud. Kunsttööstuskooli panus. Nahkehistöö. Langebrauni kirjatud nõud. Lorupi klaas ja kristall. Kopfi ja Tavasti metallitööd. Naiste näputööd

  6. Vabalt kulgenud arhitektuuritriennaal / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1999-01-01

    IV Põhja- ja Baltimaade arhitektuuritriennaal "Vaba kulg. Free Way" Rotermanni soolalaos. Hani Rashidi, rühmituse Ocean, Jan Olov Jenseni, Urmas Muru, Gert B. Wingõrdhi, Frei Otto, Ilja Lezhava, Tapio Periäineni ettekannetest.

  7. Generalized component analysis applied to the generation of seismic attributes for AVO and 4D reservoir interpretations; Mise au point d'attributs sismiques pour l'interpretation AVO et 4D des reservoirs petroliers par analyse en composantes generalisee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voutay, O.

    2003-02-01

    Seismic data contain further geological information than well, due to their good spatial extent. But the seismic measure is band pass limited and the contrasts in acoustic or elastic properties derived from seismic are not directly linked to the reservoir properties. Thus, it is difficult to give a geological interpretation to seismic data. Basically, relevant seismic attributes are extracted at the reservoir level, and then are calibrated with information available at wells by using pattern recognition and statistical estimation techniques. These methods are successfully used in the post-stack domain. But, for multi-cube seismic information such as pre-stack or 4D data, the number of attributes can considerably increase and statistical methods are not often used. It is necessary to find a parameterization allowing an optimal description the seismic variability in the time window of interest. We propose to extract new attributes from seismic multi-cube data with Generalised Principal Analysis and to use them for reservoir interpretation with statistical techniques. The new attributes can be clearly related to the initial data set, and then be physically interpreted, while optimally summarizing the initial seismic information. By applying the Generalised Principal Analysis to 3D pre-stack surveys, the contribution of the pre-stack seismic information to reservoir characterisation is compared to the post-stack seismic one, in both synthetic and real cases. By applying the Generalised Principal Analysis to real 4D surveys, the seismic repeatability is quantified and the seismic changes in the reservoir with calendar time are highlighted and interpreted. A coherency cube has also been defined, based on the Generalised Principal Analysis. This attribute is a coherence measurement in three dimensions representing the local similarity between 4D or AVO surveys. (author)

  8. Mehmet Akif Ersoy’a Göre Doğu’nun Geri Kalmışlığının, Batının Gelişmişliğinin Eğitim-Öğretim İle İlişkisi

    OpenAIRE

    KESKİN, Mustafa

    2005-01-01

    Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devleti’nin kuruluşu kolay olmamıştır. Birinci Dünya Savaşı’ndan sonra neredeyse bütün ümitleri tükenmiş bir durumda olan Türk halkına yeni bir heyecan ve ruh kazandırmak için bazı fikir adamlarımız birtakım çözüm önerileri sunmuşlardır. Bunlardan birisi, millî şair ve düşünürümüz M. Âkif ERSOY’dur. M. A. Ersoy, “Fatih Kürsüsünde” adlı eserinde, bilime bigane kalmış, ümitsizlik girdabına düşmüş, yoksulluk ve fakirlik içinde yorgun ve dermansız kalmış, kısaca yok olmak üzer...

  9. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelisel areenil / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    1999-01-01

    26. VIII-28. XI Fredrikstadis Hebleri-nim. rahvusvahelises graafikakeskuses avatud XII Norra rahvusvahelisel graafikatriennaalil esindavad Eestit Anu Kalm, Avo Keerend, Vive Tolli, Benjamin Vasserman, Mare Vint. Peapreemia ئ Anthony Hill. Triennaali president - Herman Hebler (s. 1911). 24. VI-15. IX Poolas toimunud X Lodzi rahvusvahelisel väikegraafika triennaalil osalesid Eestist Virge Jõekalda, Benjamin Vasserman.

  10. Lasteaed = Day-care / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Lasteaedade ehitus Eestis algas 1920-ndatel aastatel. 1950-ndatest aastatest alates hakati lasteaedu ehitama tüüpprojektide järgi. Leidub ka üksikuid lasteaedu, mis pidid selle ehitanud ettevõtte jõukust ja hoolt demonstreerima

  11. Estonian parties face internal struggles / Helga Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Helga

    2010-01-01

    2011. aasta parlamendivalimiste eel on Eestimaa Rahvaliit, Erakond Eestimaa Rohelised ja Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond keerulises olukorras. Parteides on probleeme juhatustega. Kahe esimese partei puhul ei ole üldse kindel, kas nad saavad parlamendis kohti või mitte. Tõnis Saartsi, Rein Toomla ja Andres Tarandi arvamusi

  12. Arhitektuur [1942-48] / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Arhitektuurikultuur. Taastamine. Sisult nõukogude, vormilt fašistlik. Modernismi jätkumisi. Kodu saavad valitud. Individuaalehitus kollektiivsuse utoopia taustal. Sunnitud või vabatahtlik monumentaalsus?

  13. Eesti Panga ehitised 1918-1940 / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Sõdadevaheline Eesti ja pangaehitus. Eesti Pank ehitab: Viljandi osakonna hoone (1927, K. Burman, taastati 1956-61 I. Jaaguse projekti järgi), Petseri osakonna hoone (1929-30, F. Adoff), Rakvere osakonna hoone (1933, F. Adoff), Tallinna peapanga hoone arhitektuurivõistlus (1933, I auhind - E. Sacharias, B. Tshernov) ja peapanga hoone (1933-35, F. Adoff, H. Johanson, E. Habermann), Tartu osakonna hoone (1935-36, A. Matteus, K. Burman, aiakujundaja J. Port) ja selle skulptuurkaunistused (J. Raudsepp, A. Eller), Võru osakonna hoone (1937-38, E. Kuusik, A. Soans, reljeefid - A. Kaasik), Pärnu pangahoone arhitektuurivõistlus (1939, parimad A. Kotli ja E. Kuusik-A. Soans) ja Pärnu osakonna hoone (1939-u. 1945, A. Kotli, A. Soans, reljeefid - J. Raudsepp), ametnike elamu Tallinnas Kentmanni 20A (1924-25), Eesti Maakrediitseltsi büroo- ja eluhoone Tallinnas Sakala 4 (1935-36, E. Kuusik)

  14. Mida arutati Brüsselis / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2004-01-01

    EL Põllumajandusorganisatsioonide Komitee (COPA), Põllumajanduskoostöö Keskkomitee (COGECA) ja Euroopa Komisjoni piimandusalase töögrupi istungitel 2003. aasta lõpul arutlusel olnud teemadest Eesti esindajate poolt EPKK-le esitatud info põhjal

  15. Mida arutati Brüsselis / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni (EK) metsanduse töörühma, EL Põllumajandusorganisatsioonide Komitee (COPA) ja Põllumajanduskoostöö Keskkomitee (COGEGA) keskkonna töörühma istungitel ning EK põllumajanduskeskkonna nõuandva komitee koosolekul arutluse all olnud teemadest

  16. Mida arutati Brüsselis / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2004-01-01

    EL Põllumajandusorganisatsioonide Komitee (COPA) ja Põllumajanduskoostöö Keskkomitee (COGEGA) piimatöögrupi, COPA mahekomisjoni ning Euroopa Komisjoni nõuandva komitee töögrupi istungitel arutluse all olnud teemadest

  17. Modernistliku ehitatud keskkonna kujunemine (1955-1960.aastad) / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Akademismist modernismini ehk ehitaja võit arhitekti üle. Liialduste likvideerimine. Uuseestiaegsuse laine 1950. aastate keskel. Moodne loomulikkus. Uued tarindid. Tüüpprojektid. Eriprojektiga kooperatiivkorter - kallis mugavus. Sirgete joonte arhitektuur. Kolhoosiarhitektuur

  18. Aasta parimad interjöörid / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemiad 2004. Võidutööd: Tartu Mänguasjamuuseum (Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland, Malle Jürgenson, OÜ Laika, Belka & Strelka); Emil Urbeli projekteeritud kastvilla Miidurannas (Argo Vaikla, Katrin Vaikla, Tiina Teng); Georg Ots Spa hotell Kuressaares (Liisi Murula, Raili Paling). Esemepreemia pälvis Toivo Raidmetsa tool "John", tegevuspreemia sai Maile Grünberg

  19. Eesti funk vene pähe / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1996-01-01

    Raamat "Functional Architecture. The International Style. Funktionale Architektur. Le Style International. 1925- 1940" Saksa kirjastuselt Benedikt Taschen aastast 1990. Raamatus võib Sowjetunioni all lk. 322 leida foto A. Nürnbergi projekteeritud Pärnu hotellist "Vasa" (1938, praegu sanatoorium "Sõprus").

  20. Leila Pärtelpoeg and the Soviet antique / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Leila Pärtelpojast, kes 2010. a. pälvis EV kultuuri elutööpreemia. Nõukogude ajal tegeles antiikmööbliga, uuris mööbliajalugu, kogus ajaloolist mööblit. Sisearhitekti tööst Eesti NSV-s, võimalusest kavandada mööblit. L. Pärtelpoja rollist ajalooliste interjööride (Parlamendihoone Toompeal, mõisahooned) restaureerimisel ja sisustamisel. Tallinna raekoja restaureerimisest (1975), ajalugu ja kaasaega sünteesivast terviklikust kujundusest

  1. Volshebnõi fonar Rozhe Vadima / Olga Kalmõkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmõkova, Olga

    2001-01-01

    Kohtumisel autoriga räägib tuntud prantsuse filmirežissöör Roger Vadim (1928-2000) oma võluvatest abikaasadest : Brigitte Bardot'st (1934), Catherine Deneuve'st (1943), Jane Fondast (1937) ja Marie-Christine Barrault'st (1944)

  2. The Pleasures of Mud : Estonian Summer Resort Architecture / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Pärnu, Haapsalu, Kuressaare ja Narva-Jõesuu suvitusarhitektuurist 20. saj. esimesest poolest kuni 21. saj. alguseni. Arhitektide Olev Siinmaa, Anton Soansi, August Volbergi, Tõnis Mihkelsoni, Raivo Puusepa, Raivo Kotovi, Üla Koppeli, Andrus Kõresaare, ehitusinseneride Erich Ottingi ja Robert Ederma ning sisearhitektide Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Liisi Murula ja Raili Palingu loomingust

  3. DOCOMOMO Eestis : kas mõikab? / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    1996-01-01

    DOCOMOMO eesti töörühm on tegutsenud üle kolme aasta. Funktsionalismi väärtustamisest Eestis, moodsa arhitektuuri saatusest. H. Johansoni villast Suur-Ameerika 12, selle 1996. a. ümber- ja juurdeehitusest. Pärnu rannakohvikust ja rannahotellist. Kunstihoone restaureerimisest. E. Lohu Rahumäe kabeli ümberehitusest,. O. Siinmaa Pärnu kõlakoja rekonstruktsioonist. P. Tarvase "Kalevi" jahtklubi sülesehitamisest. Mahajäetult seisavad A. Volbergi Eesti Punase Risti sanatoorium Haapsalus, R. Natuse Valdeku saun Nõmmel.

  4. Mis seal teletornis siis tegelikult juhtus? / Avo-Rein Tereping

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tereping, Avo-Rein, 1945-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Raadio endine tehnikadirektor kirjeldab 1991. aastal augustiputshi päevil teletornis toimunut ning rõhutab, et ei tohi unustada neid tehnilisi töötajaid, kes päästsid teletorni aparatuuri hävingust ning lõid alternatiivsed infokanalid. Ka Ilmar Raagi lavastatud Eesti Televisiooni fiktiivsest dokumentaaldraamast "August 1991"

  5. Vana hea tuttav korruptsioon / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Meie Maa, 25. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 4; Järva Teataja, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 6; Põhjarannik, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 27. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 15; Vali Uudised, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 2. Vastukaja Viktor Vassiljevi artiklitele 19. juuli ja 17. aug. Postimehes

  6. Mida arutati Brüsselis / ref. Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    EL Põllumajandusorganisatsioonide Komitee (COPA) ja Põllumajanduskoostöö Keskkomitee (COGECA) ning piimandusküsimustes ja sealiha tootmisel nõuandvate komiteede istungitel arutluse all olnud teemadest

  7. Uus väravahoone : uued hooned ja rajatised / Mart Kalm, Märt Karmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    1998. a. arhitektuurivõistlusest, kus esikoha pälvis Aivo Schultsi ja Marti Kahu võistlusprojekt "Vihm". 2003. a. hakkas hoonet ehitama AS Merko Ehitus. Sisearhitekt Priit Põldme. Novembris 2003 valminud hoonest, muudatustest. Ill.: 5 konkursitöö joonised, valminud hoone välis- ja sisevaade

  8. Eesti majandid rahvusvahelises börsiettevõttes / Ülo Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Ülo, 1935-

    2008-01-01

    Artiklis tutvustatakse AS-i Agro Piim (AS moodustavad AS Peetri Põld ja Piim, Vaimastvere Agro Jõgevamaalt, Tammsaare OÜ ja Aravete Agro koos Arme Turvasega Järvamaalt, Lelle POÜ Raplamaalt ja Hiiumaa Agro - omanikuks Venemaa AO Nutritec Grupp) ajalugu, tegevust, perspektiive, antakse hinnang Eesti põllumajanduspoliitikale

  9. Preliminary Archaeological investigation in front of Anija Manor House / Anneli Kalm, Kahrut Eller, Guido Toos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Anneli

    2013-01-01

    2012. aastal avastati Anija mõisa peahoone ees müürikatked. Suurimad leitud rajatised olid kolm loode-kagu suunalist müüri. Profiilides sai eristada vähemalt kahte eriaegset rusude ladestumist, millest alumine sisaldas ka põlemistunnuseid. Kivirajatisega otseselt seostatavaid leide ei saadud, seega võib vaid kirjalikele allikatele toetudes oletada, et mõisahoone rajati Anijale 14. või 15. sajandil

  10. Keskklassi maailm võtab ilmet - 1920. aastate arhitektuurist / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Riigikoguhoonest. Sotsiaalehitus. Linnamajade ehitamine. Tööandja elamud. Asunikutalud. Spekulatiivne elamuehitus. Tallinna maja. Avalikud hooned. Puit traditsionalismi ja akademismi vahel. Importarhitektuur

  11. Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemia pälvis Aivar Jürgenson / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemiale kandideeris 15 teost. Žürii nägi preemiakandidaadina teaduslikku monograafiat, otsustades anda preemia elus autorile ja vältida juba preemiad saanud teoseid. Leiti, et statuuti tuleks täpsustada. Preemia pälvis Aivar Jürgensoni teos "Ladina rahva seas. Argentina ja sealsed eestlased"

  12. MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN SERVICE DALAM PERMAINAN BOLA VOLLY DENGAN MAKE A MATCH PADA SISWA KELAS VII-H SMP NEGERI 1 WONOASRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anik Sri Handayani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the learning process of Physical Education in, teachers are expected to teach varieties of basic motor skills, techniques and strategy of games and sports, internalization of values (sportsmanship, honesty, cooperation, etc. as well as the conditioning of healthy lifestyles. The implementation is not through conventional teaching in the classroom consisting theoretical studies, but it also involves elements of physical, mental, intellectual, emotional and social. The activities which are given in teaching should get a methodical didactic touch, so that the activities carried out can achieve the aim of teaching. The problem formulation of this research is: is there an increase in the ability of service in the game of volleyball with “make-match” at VII-H grade of SMP Negeri 1 Wonoasri in 2012/2013 academic year? The purpose Classroom Action Research (CAR is to improve the quality of learning on the physical education in doing “service” in a volleyball game through a “make-match” learning approach  In this study, researchers have collaboration with other teachers and the principal. Researchers are involved in the study from the beginning to the end of the researech. Researchers try to see, observe, feel, live, reflect and evaluate learning activities that take place. The implementation stages of the action research consist of planning, acting, observation, and reflection. To obtain accurate results, the collected data in study were statistically analyzed using the formulas of mean or average.  The result showed that the average value of the first cycle of 66.14 (46.33% while the Cycle II 91.29 (96.43% in the second cycle, it has increased significantly. Referring to the hypothesis that the actions proposed in this class action research, it can be concluded that: there is an increased ability of “service” in volleyball games with “make-a-match” at VII-H grade of SMP Negeri 1 Wonoasri in 2012/2013 academic year.   Keywords: Skill Upgrading, Make A-Match

  13. Uudised : Nikolai Aleksejev ERSO peadirigendiks. Lastemuusikalide festival. Hinnatud gospelkoor Eestis / Avo Suurvärav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurvärav, Avo

    2001-01-01

    15. märtsil allkirjastati ERSO uue peadirigendi N. Aleksejevi tööleping. 19.-21. märtsini Tallinnas toimunud I Eesti lastemuusikalide festivalist, osa võtnud lasteteatritest. 21. märtsil esines Tallinnas Londoni gospelkoor

  14. Uudised : Eesti esiettekandeid Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoorilt. Morgensterni muusikatunnid. Estonia operetisolistid Nõmmel / Avo Suurvärav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurvärav, Avo

    2001-01-01

    7. ja 9. apr. Tallinna Metodisti kirikus toimuvatest kontsertidest, kus on kavas A. Pärdi ja J. MacMillani teosed. 31. märtsil TÜ ajaloomuuseumis toimunud "Morgensterni muusikatunnist", kus L. Langsepp tutvustas ajaloolisi harfe. 30. märtsil etendus Nõmme kultuurikeskuses E. Künneke operett "Onupoeg Bataaviast"

  15. Säärane mulk, ehk sada vakka etteheiteid / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Hiiumaa, 24. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 24. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Vooremaa, 24. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 23. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 27. juuli 2004, lk. 4; Lääne Elu, 27. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 27. juuli 2004, lk. 6; Pärnu Postimees, 28. juuli 2004, lk. 15; Virumaa Teataja, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 7; Vali Uudised, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 30. juuli 2004, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Sakala, 3. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 12. aug. 2004, lk. 2. Vastuseks Helir-Valdor Seederi art. 17. juuli ajal. Meie Maa. Uus poliitika tähendab üldinimlike väärtuste taasväärtustamise kaudu pidevalt uuenevat riiki.

  16. Rein Oja, Kirsti Timmer ja Avo Põhjala võitluskunstidest / Simo Meinert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meinert, Simo

    2001-01-01

    Seriaali "Walker - Texase korravalvur" nimitegelast mängiva Chuck Norrise võitluskunstide oskusi aluseks võttes arendatakse teemat idamaa võitluskunstidest kinos, teatris ja elus. Ka : Teleleht nr. 49, lk. 42-43

  17. G Genetic c chara acteris Mill.) in sation on two r of avo region ocado

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    zygosity (Hobs), for all populations were estimated using. PowerMarker version 3.25 (Liu and Muse, 2004). A phylogenetic tree was constructed for all 71 individuals genotyped following the. Unweighted Paired Group Method (UPGMA) (Sneath and Sokal,. 1973). Following this, dendrograms of genetic relationships among.

  18. Fluid prediction using rock modelling and reconnaissance. AVO analysis - A case study from the North Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osdal, Bard; Granli, John Reidar

    1998-12-31

    Seismic lithology and fluid phase prediction (LFP) is becoming an important part of seismic interpretation, and can contribute significantly to risk reduction prior to drilling. In this presentation there is focused on quantitative interpretation of the amplitudes in a 2-D dataset, with respect to presence of hydrocarbons. Different aspect of the working producer, like data quality (well data and seismic data), rock modelling and seismic modelling will be illustrated. In the present study only one well has been used for calibration and to investigate the seismic response for different fluid and lithology scenarios. The rock modelling included evaluation of seismic parameter effect for different fluid and porosities. 1 ref., 4 figs.

  19. Lanthanide 4f-level location in AVO4:Ln3+ (A = La, Gd, Lu) crystals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krumpel, A.H.; Van der Kolk, E.; Cavalli, E.; Boutinaud, P.; Bettinelli, M.; Dorenbos, P.

    2009-01-01

    The spectral properties of LaVO4, GdVO4 and LuVO4 crystals doped with Ce3+, Pr3+, Eu3+ or Tb3+ have been investigated in order to determine the position of the energy levels relative to the valence and conduction bands of the hosts along the trivalent and divalent lanthanide series. Pr3+ and Tb3+

  20. On inferring the noise in probabilistic seismic AVO inversion using hierarchical Bayes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Rasmus Bødker; Zunino, Andrea; Hansen, Thomas Mejer

    2017-01-01

    A realistic noise model is essential for trustworthy inversion of geophysical data. Sometimes, as in case of seismic data, quan- tification of the noise model is non-trivial. To remedy this, a hierarchical Bayes approach can be adopted in which proper- ties of the noise model, such as the amplitude...... of an assumed uncorrelated Gaussian noise model, can be inferred as part of the inversion. Here we demonstrate how such an approach can lead to substantial overfitting of noise when inverting a 1D re- flection seismic NMO data set. We then argue that usually the noise model is correlated, and suggest to infer...

  1. On inferring the noise in probabilistic seismic AVO inversion using hierarchical Bayes

    OpenAIRE

    Madsen, Rasmus Bødker; Zunino, Andrea; Hansen, Thomas Mejer

    2017-01-01

    A realistic noise model is essential for trustworthy inversion of geophysical data. Sometimes, as in case of seismic data, quan- tification of the noise model is non-trivial. To remedy this, a hierarchical Bayes approach can be adopted in which proper- ties of the noise model, such as the amplitude of an assumed uncorrelated Gaussian noise model, can be inferred as part of the inversion. Here we demonstrate how such an approach can lead to substantial overfitting of noise when inverting a 1D ...

  2. Paneelikas trügib palee kõrvale : UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekiri uueneb / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    UNESCO maailmapärandi nimestikust, valikuprintsiipidest, nende avardumisest, 20. sajandi arhitektuurist, uutest UNESCO maailmapärandi nimistusse lisatud ja ootejärjekorras seisvatest objektidest. Lisa: UNESCO maailmapärandi nimistusse kantud 20. sajandi arhitektuuriobjektid

  3. Kolm nuppu ja lint : Helsingi Pihlajamäelt Tallinna Trummi tänavale / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Arhitekt Raine Karbi kavandatud Teaduste Akadeemia SKB elamurühmast Tallinnas Trummi t. 21 (1969-1971). 1970. a. tellis TA arhitekt Rein Kerstenilt juurde kakas 9-korruselist tornelamut Trummi t. 23 ja 23a. Raine Karbi eeskujudest Soomes. Helsingi Pihlajamäe elamurajoonist, mis ehitati välja 1960-ndate esimesel poolel ning mille planeeringu koostas Olli Kivinen. 3 plaani, 10 fotot. Bibliograafia lk. 62

  4. Pätsi pärand Kadriorus : Presidendi kantselei interjööride rekonstruktsioon / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    2002. a. valminud sisekujunduse autor Juta Lember (Lember & Padar). Kooti valmis 1940. a. konkursi võitnud Aarne Mõttuse vapivaip. Presidendi kantselei (A. Kotli, 1937-38) algsest kujundusest (R. Wunderlich, O. Siinmaa, Adamson-Eric) ja muudatustest (L. Pärtelpoeg, M. Summatavet), Kadrioru lossist ja pargist, vahipataljoni kasarmute (R. Koolmar, 1939) lammutamisest, kunstimuuseumi ehitamisest, Lastepargi hoonest ( A. Kotli, V. Seidra, 1937). 10 ill

  5. Talu kui suvila arhetüüp = Farmhouse as an Archetype for a Summer Cottage / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2002-01-01

    Arhitekt Jüri Okase kavandatud ehitusettevõtja Rein Tallermo Mardi talus Saaremaal Kihelkonna vallas Vaigu külas on säilitanud rannaküla taluhoonete (elamu, kõrvalhoone, saun) väikesed mahud endistel kohtadel. Projekt ja hooned valmisid 2002. a. Ill.: kolm plaani, viis välisvaadet.

  6. Velocity and AVO analysis for the investigation of gas hydrate along a profile in the western continental margin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Dewangan, P.; Ramprasad, T.

    The occurrence of gas hydrate has been inferred from the presence of Bottom-Simulating Reflectors (BSRs) along the western continental margin of India. In this paper, we assess the spatial and vertical distribution of gas hydrates by analyzing...

  7. Toetusrühm on toetuseks ehk maalitud seinast, kuldvõtmekesest ja tegelikust elust / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Autor leiab, et valitsus saab juhtida oma programme ka kodanikeühenduste koostöövõrgu kaudu ning lihtsustada nii riigi ülesehitust. Muutuvas maailmas võib kaasamise kaudu kasvatada usaldust ja vastutust

  8. Estimation of changes in saturation and pressure from 4D seismic AVO and time-shift analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trani, M.; Arts, R.; Leeuwenburgh, O.; Brouwer, J.

    2011-01-01

    A reliable estimate of reservoir pressure and fluid saturation changes from time-lapse seismic data is difficult to obtain. Existing methods generally suffer from leakage between the estimated parameters. We propose a new method using different combinations of time-lapse seismic attributes based on

  9. Medieval and Early Modern Suburban Site in Tallinn, Tartu Road 1: Contexts and Structures / Ulla Kadakas, Guido Toos, Anneli Kalm ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Väljakaevamised toimusid kvartalis, mille lõunaservas kulges ajalooline Tartu maantee, ning paarisaja meetri kaugusel asus ülepääs Härjapea jõest - nn Kivisild. Kinnistute põhistruktuur näib üsna püsivana, tegemist on pikkade pisut edela-kirde suunaliste kruntidega

  10. Muusika : Muusika igaks asendiks ja meeleoluks. Plaadid kauplusest Lasering

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Robbie Williams "Greatest Hits", Gotan Project "Insipracion Espiracion", Manic Street Preachers "Lifeblood", Daddy G "DJ Kicks", Eminem "Encore", Kalm "Generalissimus Kalm", U2 "How to dismantle an atomic bomb"

  11. Ühiseid väärtusi hoides : haridusministeerium otsib abi eetikast / Avo Rosenvald ; kommenteerinud Tõnis Lukas, Marju Lauristin ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    26. septembril Tallinnas väärtuste ja nende arendamise teemal toimunud konverentsist "Ühiseid väärtusi hoides", mille korraldas Tartu Ülikooli eetikakeskus koostöös Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumiga

  12. Vene piirist ja piirikaitsest Eesti kagunurgas keskajal / Heiki Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Heiki, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Piiri olemasolu mõjust piirialade elanike elukorraldusele ja sotsiaalsele staatusele, piiriala kontrollimiseks vajalikust infrastruktuurist, piirikaitsekorraldusest ning Siksälä kalme relvahaudadest

  13. Vanapagan ja Kaval-Ants / Urve Karuks ; fotod: V. Sarapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karuks, Urve, 1936-2015

    2006-01-01

    lugemisteatri ILUTULI etendusest 8. märtsil 2006 Tartu Collegeì saalis. Lavastaja Killi Mirka, korraldus Aarne H. Vahtra, kunstnik Eva Oja, valgustus Vaado Sarapuu. Osatäitjad: Eda Oja, Leiki Veskimets, Kaljo Anja, Veikko Kalep, Mart Pikkov, Eerik Purje, Siegfried Preem ja Volli Palo

  14. Kas üksiku ülikooli või Eesti huvid? / Ene Grauberg, Peeter Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grauberg, Ene, 1944-

    2006-01-01

    Autorid peavad meie kõrghariduse ja teaduse arengu probleemiks, et kogu kõrghariduse ja teaduse valdkonda juhib faktiliselt Tartu Ülikool. Nad selgitavad oma avalikku kirja haridus- ja teadusminister Mailis Repsile 29. septembri Õpetajate Lehes ning esitavad vastuväiteid Volli Kalmu seisukohtadele 31. oktoobri Eesti Päevalehe artiklis

  15. Lõuna 2a villa restaureerimine Pärnus = Restoration of Lõuna 2a villa in Pärnu / Jaak Huimerind, Mari Kurismaa, Mart Kalm ; kommenteerinud Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huimerind, Jaak, 1957-

    2015-01-01

    Villa Pärnus Lõuna tänav 2a, valminud 1936, restaureeritud 2014. Hoone arhitektid Olev Siinmaa, Anton Soans, restaureerimisarhitekt Jaak Huimerind, sisearhitekt Mari Kurismaa. Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali restaureerimispreemia 2014

  16. Archaeological excavations on the cemetery of Kodasoo and the settlement site of Lagedi / Gurly Vedru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedru, Gurly, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Kodasoo kalme puhul oli tegu maa-aluste põletusmatustega. Tehti kindlaks, et Kodasoo kalme hõlmas algselt u. 50-70 m2 suuruse ala. Päästekaevamistel Lagedi asulakohal olid leidude hulgas ülekaalus uusaegne keraamika ja vanimateks leidudeks üksikud viikingiaegsed savinõud

  17. »Nočem biti odvisna«: Ali javne prevajalske in tolmaške storitve res negativno vplivajo na aktivno vključenost migrantov v državo gostiteljico?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nike Kocijančič Pokorn

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Prispevek se sprašuje o upravičenosti določenih političnih ukrepov, ki odrekajo zagotavljanje prevajanja in tolmačenja migrantom, ter zagovarja nove pristope k jezikovni in prevodni politiki, in sicer prek raziskave, ki je bila zasnovana kot odziv na trditve, da prevajalske in tolmaške storitve ovirajo integracijo nedavnih priseljencev. Raziskava je bila izvedena na skupini prosilcev za mednarodno zaščito v azilnem domu v Ljubljani. Najprej smo zbrali podatke o jezikovnem ozadju vseh stanovalcev azilnega doma v avgustu 2014 (56 stanovalcev iz 19 različnih držav, nato pa sestavili reprezentativno skupino 18 prosilcev za mednarodno zaščito na podlagi njihovega maternega jezika in jih razdelili na dve skupini glede na čas bivanja v Sloveniji v času intervjuja (krajše ali daljše obdobje. Kvantitativne podatke o jezikovnih profilih smo zbrali z vprašalnikom, kvalitativne pa s pomočjo polstrukturiranih intervjujev, izvedenih v letu 2014, in dveh ponovitvenih intervjujev v letu 2015. Nato smo kvalitativno analizirali transkripcije vseh posnetih intervjujev, pri čemer smo se osredotočali na jezikovne in komunikacijske rešitve na različnih stopnjah migrantovega življenja v državi gostiteljici. Rezultati kažejo, da je osnovne kompromise mogoče doseči, saj so prevajalske in tolmaške storitve komplementarni koraki do neodvisnosti in kot take ne ovirajo učenja dominantnega oz. nacionalnega jezika države gostiteljice, temveč ga podpirajo.

  18. Vananev tööjõud - eelis või puudus? / Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilk, Urve

    2011-01-01

    AS EMT juhatuse liige Valdo Kalm, Baltic Restaurants Estonia ASi personaliosakonna vanemspetsialist Jaana Šmidt ning OÜ Robinson Restoranid tootmis- ja teenindusjuht Rita Veskimeister töötajate vanusest oma ettevõtetes

  19. Ilmus eesti funktsionalistliku arhitektuuri reisijuht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tallinnas 1998. a. ilmunud Mart Kalmu eesti 1930. aastate arhitektuuri tutvustav 'Eesti funktsionalism/Functionalism in Estonia. Reisijuht' (DOCOMOMO-Eesti). Kujundaja Andres Tali. Mart Kalm DOCOMOMO Eesti grupi peakoordinaatorina

  20. Tööstus modernismi mõjutajana / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Raamatust "Industry and modernism : companies, architecture and identity in the Nordic and Baltic countries during the high-industrial period" (Helsinki : Finnish Literature Society, 2007). Toimetaja Anja Kervanto Nevanlinna. Mart Kalm kirjutab Eesti maapiirkondade industrialiseerimisest ning KEK-ide arhitektuurist

  1. Raamat "Raidmets" = "Raidmets" book

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Tutvustus: Toivo Raidmets / koostanud Toivo Raidmets ; toimetanud Leele Välja ; tekstid: Krista Kodres, Sirje Helme, Harry Liivrand, Mart Kalm. Tallinn : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2011. Loetletud Toivo Raidmetsa tehtud töid

  2. Võitjad on Fortumo ja EMT. Ettevõtted said auhinnatud / Andras Kralla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kralla, Andras, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Estonia kontserdisaalis kuulutati 14. septembril 2011 välja Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse ettevõtlusauhindade võitjad. Juuresoleval fotol võtab AS EMT juhatuse esimees Valdo Kalm auhinna vastu president Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt

  3. Plaadid / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Embrace "Out of Nothing", Arrested Development "Among The Trees", Kalm, Kristjan "Generalissimus", Bossacucanova "Uma batida diferente", Adams, Bryan "Room Service", "Kasabian", Korn "Greatest Hits. Vol 1", Papa Roach "Getting Away With Murder"

  4. DOCOMOMO cream. Modernismi valitud palad / Tiina Tammet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammet, Tiina, 1971-

    2000-01-01

    Raamatust:The modern movement in architecture : selections from the DOCOMOMO registers. Toimetajad Dennis Sharp ja Chaterine Cooke. Rotterdam : Publishers, 2000. Eesti funktsionalismist on teinud kokkuvõtte Piret Lindpere ja Mart Kalm

  5. Popnädal : popuudised. Pet Shop Boys - Release. Music from Vanilla Sky. Billboard Top 20 20. aprill 2002 edetabel / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Moby uuest singlist "We Are All Made Of Stars" albumilt "18". Eesti sõltumatu tantsulise elektroonika plaadifirma Umblu saadab turule kolmanda väljalaske: koosluse Tallinn 73 meets Kalm split-albumi "Autopiloot". Filmimuusika heliplaatidest.

  6. Teenager vaatab tagasi / Karin Hallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallas, Karin, 1957-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumi asutamisest ja kümneaastasest tegevusest. Arhitektuurimuuseum asutati 1. I 1991. a. Initsiatiivgruppi kuulusid Karin Hallas (tulevane direktor), Krista Kodres ja Mart Kalm. 7. VI 1996. a. avanäitus Rotermanni soolalaos

  7. Areeni aasta albumid 2004

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Franz Ferdinand "Franz Ferdinand", Toe Tag "Legendaarne", The Libertines "The Libertines ", Morrissey "You Are The Qarry", The Streets "A Grand Don't Come For Free", Kalm "Generalissimus Kalm", Brian Wilson "Smile", Madvillain "Madvillainy", Scissor Sisters "Scissor Sisters", Gary Wilson "Mary Had A Brown Hair", Animal Collective "Sung Tongs", Keane "Hopes And Fears", Todd Rundgren "Liars", Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds "Abbatoir Blues/The Lyre of Orpheus", Mylo "Destroy Rock'n'Roll", Devendra Banhart "Rejoicing In The Hands", Stefani "Love Angel Music Baby", Björk "Medulla", Moodymann "Black Mahogani"

  8. Using lame's petrophysical parameters for fluid detection and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AVO synthetic gather models were created using various gas/brine/oil ... a quantitative extraction of rock properties to clearly determine lithology and fluids. ... an improved separation of high porosity sands from shale was also achieved using ...

  9. Sügiskonverents "Kunst paguluses"...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    28. VIII Kumu Kunstimuuseumi auditooriumis toimuva konverentsi kava. Esinevad Jaan Undusk, Piret Kruuspere, Avo Hirvesoo, Mara Lace, Osvaldas Daugelis, Piret Noorhani, Irja Bergström, Tiiu Talvistu ja Kersti Koll

  10. Elektrooniline raamat iga padja alla / Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kokk, Aavo, 1964-

    2010-01-01

    Autor arutleb, kuidas muudavad uued tehnilised lahendused raamatute lugemise harjumusi ning raamatuturgu. Elektroonilisest raamatust Sony Reader. Avo Kokk juhatab Balti raamatumessi raames toimuvat konverentsi "E-raamat: evolutsioon või revolutsioon"

  11. Individual reports : Finland : 1992-1998

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    EMKÜ presidendi Avo Kartuli külaskäigust Soome raamatukogudesse 1992. aastal ja Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu Kunstide Teabekeskuse töötajate Aurika Gergelezhiu ja Linda Tõnissoni külaskäigust vastavalt 1993. ja 1998. aastal

  12. Common-image gathers in the offset domain from reverse-time migration

    KAUST Repository

    Zhan, Ge; Zhang, Minyu

    2014-01-01

    Kirchhoff migration is flexible to output common-image gathers (CIGs) in the offset domain by imaging data with different offsets separately. These CIGs supply important information for velocity model updates and amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO

  13. Korruptsioonikonverents valitsuse ja kolmanda sektori koostöö heaks / Rait Kaarma, Kersti Kurre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaarma, Rait

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Maksumaksjate Liidu korraldatud rahvusvahelisest konverentsist "Korruptsioonivastane võitlus Eestis". Väljavõtted Avo Üpruse, Pille Kustovi, Bogdan Senschuki, Anne Schmidti ja Norman Aasa sõnavõttudest

  14. A packed Estonian House welcomes back Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves / Adu Raudkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudkivi, Adu

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese külaskäigust Toronto Eesti Majja 27. mail 2008. Juuresoleval fotol Eesti riigipea koos Ülemaailmse Eesti Kesknõukogu esimehe Avo Kittaski ja Eesti Ohvitseridekogu Kanadas esimehe Ülo Isbergiga

  15. 28. jaanuarini olid...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Eesti graafikute Avo Keerendi ja Benjamin Vassermani tööd olid Poola rahvusvahelisel graafikanäitusel "Graphic Constellation - Szczecin 2000" alapealkirjaga "Seeking the New Space". A. Keerendi tööd on reprodutseeritud kataloogis.

  16. Full Waveform Inversion for Reservoir Characterization - A Synthetic Study

    KAUST Repository

    Zabihi Naeini, E.; Kamath, N.; Tsvankin, I.; Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali

    2017-01-01

    Most current reservoir-characterization workflows are based on classic amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) inversion techniques. Although these methods have generally served us well over the years, here we examine full-waveform inversion (FWI

  17. Mis saab Tallinna Polütehnikumist? / Sirje Tohver ; kommenteerib Mati Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje, 1948-

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna Polütehnikumi liitmisest Tallinna Kõrgema Tehnikakõrgkooliga. Arvamust avaldavad TPT õppealadirektor Jüri Mickfeldt ja AS Eesti Telefon IP Teenused turundusjuht Avo-Rein Tereping (TPT vilistlane, kooli nõukogu liige)

  18. Tuulelohe lend 2008 : Juhan Parts kutsus tööstureid arutelule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kokkuvõte majandusfoorumist, kus arutati Eesti majanduspoliitika ja tööstuse tulevikku. Arutlevad majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts, teadlane Endel Lippmaa, Eesti Telekomi juhatuse esimees Valdo Kalm, Eesti Arengufondi nõukogu esimees Indrek Neivelt ja AS-i Standard juhatuse esimees Enn Veskimägi

  19. "Ela ja sära" ja teised uued stipendiumid / Ainiki Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Ainiki, 1966-

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali nõukogu 5. mai koosolekul algatatud kolmest stipendiumiprogrammist. Stipendiumide ststuudid: stipendium viibimiseks loomemajas välismaal, stipendium külaliskriitiku kutsumiseks, loominguline stipendium "Ela ja sära". Kommenteerib Mart Kalm. Taotlemise tähtaeg 5. VI.

  20. Villa Rohuneemes / Raivo Puusepp, Krista Väärtnõu, Peeter Loo...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    8 ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, 3 sisevaadet, 3 välisvaadet; projekteerija: büroo R. Puusepp, konstruktsioonid ja eriosad: A-Grupp, haljastus: M. Kalm, kaasa töötasid K. Väärtnõu, P. Loo, U. Konts

  1. "Now Art Now Future" Leedus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Seitse näitust Baltimaade graafikast Vilniuses, Kaunases ja Klaipedas. Eestist osalesid P. Allik, I. Heamägi, L. Jõekalda, A. Kalm, M. Nukke, L. Ruben, M.-K. Ulas, S. Tamsalu, A. Vahtrapuu, K. Valk. Eesti kuraatorid M.-K. Ulas ja V. Thurlow

  2. Gurmee, kiirtoit ja koduköök läbisegi / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest joonistuste näitusest "Improvisatsioon" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Oma töid eksponeerivad Tõnis Vint, Evald Okas, Lembit Sarapuu, Aili Vahtrapuu, Albert Gulk, Ülle Marks, Anu Kalm, Vive Tolli, Inga Heamägi, Evi Tihemets, Mare Vint, Maria-Kristiina Ulas, Kuzja Zverev, Tiina Tammetalu jt

  3. On jõulujuttude aeg / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Minu jõulujutt / [koostajad Jane Liiv, Terje Puistaja, Tiia Toomet]. Tartu : Eesti Rahva Muuseum, 2007 ; Soasepp, Tiia. PPP, ehk, Pesulõksupäkapikkude projekt. Tallinn : Koolibri, 2007 ; Toompere, Harriet. Väikese põhjapõdra uued lood / illustreerinud Anu Kalm. [Tallinn] : Varrak, 2007

  4. Raamat / Matis Rodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodin, Matis

    2012-01-01

    Tutvustus: Kalm, Mart. Rannalinn, seenrõdu ja viinakapp : Pärnu linnaarhitekt Olev Siinmaa. Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2012; Olander, Aare. Kadunud vaated : Tallinna muutumine enam kui 400 fotol. Tänapäev, 2012; Mälestiste restaureerimine : enne ja pärast 2005-2011 / koostanud Britta Lainevool ja Ülo Puustak. Muinsuskaitseamet, 2011

  5. Lõbus linn ja kohalikud tondid / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Raamatutest: "Fun City" (Kopenhaagen : Danish Architectural Press, 2007, toimetajad: Gitte Marling, Martin Zerlang), Rein Zobel, Juhan Maiste, Mart Kalm "Toompea loss" (Tallinn : Riigikogu kantselei, 2008, eessõna: Harry Liivrand), "A10 : New European Architecture 07/08" (Amsterdam : A10 Media BV, 2007, toimetajad Hans Ibelings, Kirsten Hannema; ka kortermajast Tallinnas Koidula tänavas)

  6. RMK büroohoone = State Forest Management Centre office building / Arhitektuuribüroo Studio-3

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Riigimetsa Majandamise Keskuse bürooruumide (Toompuiestee 24, Tallinn) sisekujundusest. Autorid: Reet Põime, Liisa Põime, Anu Põime, Andres Põime, Kristi Prinzmann, Lauri Kalm, Lauri Vaimel (Studio-3). Arhitekt Ott Kadariku arvamus. Arhitektuuribüroo Studio-3 lühitutvustus

  7. Tohuvabohu kodukujunduses / Ene Läkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läkk, Ene, 1957-

    2000-01-01

    Tänapäeva Eesti kodukujundusest. Illustratsiooniks 90ndate kolm eramut : neomodernistlik Sinine Maja neominimalistliku interjööriga (Kolm Pluss Üks Arhitektid, arhitekt M. Kaasik), modernistlik villa Sumberg - (Urbel & Peil, arhitekt E. Urbel, sisekujundaja T. Mähar), ökosugemetega modernistlik villa Koger (arhitekt V. Sova, sisearhitektid A. Teigar, M. Press). Kommenteerivad Mart Kalm, Toivo Raidmets. Terminite selgitus.

  8. Narva-teemaline magistritöö Pariisis / Merike Trubert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trubert, Merike

    2002-01-01

    27. XI kaitsesid prantsuse arhitektuuriüliõpilased David Trubert ja Guillaume Blanchard (1999-2001 vahetusüliõpilased EKAs) Pariisi arhitektuurikoolis (Ecole d'Architecture de Paris Val-de-Seine) Narva linnaplaneeringut käsitleva magistritöö "Narva. Urban planning for social approach". Kaitsmiskomisjoni juhataja Mart Kalm

  9. Kultuuriminister Signe Kivi moodustas rahvusvahelise ekspertkomisjoni...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Komisjon, kuhu kuuluvad Maie Raun, Mart Kalm, Kaur Alttoa, Juhani Jaeger Eestist, vitraažikunsti eksperdid Ake Nisbeth Rootsist ja Andreas Dierig Saksamaalt, annab hinnangu Urmo Rausi Tartu Jaani kiriku vitraažiprojektile. Prooviakna ja kavanditega tutvutakse Tartus 17.-21. IX

  10. EMT kasvatab rate.ee-ga uusi kliente / Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Piret, 1983-

    2007-01-01

    Suhtlusportaal rate.ee on olnud EMT jaoks edukas projekt ning ettevõtte juht Valdo Kalm peab tõstatatud eetikaküsimusi ebaõiglaselt esitatuks, sest rate.ee on tema sõnul teiste veebikanalitega võrreldes üks filtreeritumaid. Vt. samas: Mis on rate.ee; EMT loodud rate-mobiili teenused ja hinnakiri

  11. Tolko poetom hotel bõt : Rastrogannost; Dozhdlivõi den; Jaanov ogon; Setumaa I-II; Tolko poetom. Haralskije zhizneopissanija : Aire Valgus; Aare Valgus; Peeter Petrov; Vaike Metsleht; Valdur Laiapea; Hillar Aruda, ekonomist; Pärja Lumendi; Valjo Z

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traat, Mats, 1936-

    1996-01-01

    Orig.: Heldimus; Sajupäev; Jaanituli; Setumaa I-II; Ainult poeet. Harala elulood: Aire Valgus; Aare Valgus; Peeter Petrov; Vaike Metsleht; Valdur Laiapea; Hillar Aruda, ökonomist; Pärja Lumendi; Valjo Zeiger; Pavlo Moskalenko; Johannes Iva; Viljar Laanemägi; Olga Kaljusaar; Aimi Vaimets; Einard Kalm (1923-1984); Sonetid vaikimisest I; Kui

  12. Olev Siinmaa villa ja mööbli restaureerimine : Rüütli 1a, Pärnu = Restoration of the Olev Siinmaa villa, with furniture : Rüütli 1a, Pärnu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Olev Siinmaa villa ja mööbli restaureerimist tunnustati EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2006. a. restaureerimispreemiaga. Kunstiajaloolane Mart Kalm, restauraator Aado Talimaa, sisekujundaja Taso Mähar, tellija Toomas Truuvert. Žürii liikme Lilian Hansari arvamus. Värv. välisvaade, 5 sisevaadet

  13. Villa Rohuneemes = Villa at Rohuneeme / Raivo Puusepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusepp, Raivo

    2002-01-01

    Projekteerija: Arhitektibüroo R. Puusepp. Arhitekt Raivo Puusepp, kaasa töötasid Krista Väärtnõu, Peeter Loo, Urve Konts. Haljastus: Mart Kalm, sisekujundus: Kaire Kemp, konstruktsioonid ja eriosad: A-Grupp. Projekt ja ehitus 2001. 8 ill.: plaanid, vaated

  14. Eramu Kakumäel = House in Kakumäe / Emil Urbel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urbel, Emil, 1959-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija Arhitektuuribüroo Urbel ja Peil. Arhitekt Emil Urbel, sisearhitekt Taso Mähar. Konstruktsioonid: Harmin AS. Haljastus: Mart Kalm. Saun on majast eraldi. Projekt 1998, valmis 1999. 5 ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, välisvaade, sisevaated

  15. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. MUNIASAMY NEERATHILINGAM. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 3 September 2016 pp 535-561 Review. Application of aptamers in diagnostics, drug-delivery and imaging · CHETAN CHANDOLA SHEETAL KALME MARCO G CASTELEIJN ARTO URTTI ...

  16. Ligninolytic enzyme activities in mycelium of some wild and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-12-03

    thylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS, Sigma) and. Kalmış et al. 4315 guaiacol (Sigma) oxidizing activity was performed in Petri dishes. (90 mm diameter) with 15 ml of G.A.E. (Glucose Asparagine) agar medium (Dhoulib et al.

  17. Tugiteenusteks kulub 350 mld USD / Kaia-Kaire Hunt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hunt, Kaia-Kaire

    2003-01-01

    Autor põhjendab, miks outsourcing ehk teenuste väljasttellimine on tänapäeval üks kiiremini arenevaid ärivaldkondi. Diagrammid: põhjused, miks ettevõtted valivad väljasttellimise ; tugiteenuste sisseostmise kriteeriumide võrdlus. Kommenteerivad Andres Kalme ja Merlis Nõgene. Vt. samas: Kokkuhoid püsikuludelt

  18. Arhitektuuriaasta 2006 = The year in architecture 2006 / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2006 saanutest. Peaauhinna sai Raine Karp, restaureerimispreemia Mart Kalm ja Ado Talimaa (O. Siinmaa villa ja mööbli restaureerimine), parima arhitektuurse objekti preemia Andrus Kõresaar ja Raivo Kotov (Fahle maja), sisekujunduspreemia Tarmo Piirmets (Skype'i büroo), arhitektuurialase uurimuse preemia Mart Siilivask ("Tartu arhitektuur 1830-1918"), disainipreemia Eesti Disainerite Liit

  19. Eesti arhitektid kuurordis suvitamas : 20.-21. augustil 2005 / Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Epner, Pille

    2005-01-01

    Narva-Jõesuu sanatooriumis ja lähiümbruses toimunud Eesti Arhitektide Liidu IV suvepäevadest. Narva-Jõesuu ajaloost rääkis Epi Tohvri, ekskursiooni juhtis Mart Kalm. Seminaril "Tuleviku tehnoloogiad ja protsessid" esinenud John H. Frazeri, Inga Raukase, Dmitri Brunsi, Heiki Meose, suvepäevade peasponsori, Tšehhi klaasifirma Glaverbel esindaja Pavel Cumpeliku ettekannetest

  20. Tehnikahuviline juht ootab töötajalt ausust / Andres Haamer ; interv. Urve Vilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haamer, Andres, 1942-

    2008-01-01

    Overall Eesti nõukogu esimees Andres Haamer vastab oma lapsepõlve, haridusteed, karjääri, AS-i Overalli asutamist, oma tööülesandeid ning ühiskondlikus elus osalemist puudutavatele küsimustele. Kommenteerib Valdo Kalm. Lisa: Andres Haamer; Edu võtmed

  1. Comparative trial of Aloe vera/olive oil combination cream versus phenytoin cream in the treatment of chronic wounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panahi, Y; Izadi, M; Sayyadi, N; Rezaee, R; Jonaidi-Jafari, N; Beiraghdar, F; Zamani, A; Sahebkar, A

    2015-10-01

    Aloe vera is a medicinal plant that has been traditionally used to accelerate wound healing. Olive oil is also a natural product that may contribute to wound healing owing to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of an Aloe vera-olive oil (AVO) combination cream on the healing process of chronic wounds. In this randomised, double-blind, comparator-controlled, parallel-group trial, patients with chronic wounds were treated with either AVO cream or phenytoin cream as the standard treatment for a period of 30 days. Wound healing was evaluated using Bates-Jensen assessment tool and the severity of pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS). After initial assessment, 60 patients with chronic wounds (41 with pressure ulcer, 13 with diabetic wounds and 6 with venous ulcers), were recruited and randomised into 2 groups of 30. After 30 days of treatment, significant improvements in the wound size, depth, and edges; necrotic tissue type and amount; exudate type and amount; colour of wound surroundings; and peripheral tissue oedema score were observed in the AVO cream group (p<0.001). The total score of wound healing showed significant improvement with both AVO (p<0.001) and phenytoin (p<0.01) creams, although AVO was more efficacious (p<0.001). Likewise, although both treatments reduced the initial VAS score, the efficacy of AVO was significantly greater (p<0.001). AVO cream significantly accelerates biological healing of chronic wounds and helps to reduce pain severity with a higher efficacy compared with phenytoin cream.

  2. Vana õpetaja meenutab / Valter Voole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voole, Valter

    2000-01-01

    Meenutusi koolielust pärast Teist maailmasõda. Autorid: Ilmar Oja, Ella Laaneorg, Laine Mägi, Liia Toom, Volli Mäeumbaed, Milvi Mett, Aune Ork, Aavo Lind, Rein Väljas, Toivo Pruul, Leo Tikerpuu, Lembit Sauer, Erna Kivi (Raavel), Salme Raave-Sõeruer, Ervin Norgan, Peeter Luiga, Maimo Hõbessaar, Heino Topp, Eha Remmelkoor (Türnpuu), Hermi Vain, Peeter Laredei. Meenutatakse ka koolinõunik Ernst Ennot ; Ülevaade Käinast ja president Pätsi külaskäigust. Algus: 1999, 20. nov. Järgneb 11.,18.,22.,25.,29. jaan., 1;5;8;10;15;19;26;29. veebr., 2;4;7;11;21;25. märts, 1;4;8;11;18;25;29. apr., 4;6;9;11;13;16;20;23;27;30. mai, 3;6;10;13;17;20;27. juuni, 1;4;8. juuli, 12. aug

  3. Development and Examination of Sweet Potato Flour Fortified with Indigenous Underutilized Seasonal Vegetables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Teye

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Developing nutrient-rich vegetable flour using locally under-utilized food crops in Africa would improve rural house-hold nutrition. This study seeks to develop nutrient-dense vegetable flour from different proportions of Sweet potato (Sp 40–100%, Avocado pear (Avo 10–40%, and Turkey berry (Tor 10–40%, using completely randomized design (CRD with 14 treatment combinations and three replications. The proximate composition, mineral composition, and functional properties were investigated on the composite flour. The results showed significant differences in all the parameters analyzed for the various composite flours. As the amount of Avo and Tor was added to the Sp, the proximate composition was enhanced except for the percentage carbohydrate, which decreased from 83.92 to 54.59 g/100 g. The mineral composition was also improved by the incorporation of Avo and Tor. Favourable functional properties were also obtained. The optimal composite flour was made up of 40% Sp, 35% Avo, and 25% Tor. The functional properties of the composite flours were better than the control (Sweet potato flour. Fortifying Sp flour with Avo and Tor is feasible and could be an easy and affordable means to improve rural nutrition, as it requires simple logistics for the ordinary rural household to produce the composite of the desired choice.

  4. Funk - iseseisvuse rikutud sümbol / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    1998-01-01

    Eesti 1930. a-te funktsionalistlike ehitiste ümberehitamisest. Ebaõnnestunud : villa Kadriorus Lahe t. 6 (arhitekt E. Lohk, ü-e arhitekt O. Zhemtshugov), maja Roosikrantsi t. 19 (E. Sacharias) ja Raua/Kreutzwaldi t. nurgal (E. Lohk, ü-e Alver Trummal Arhitektid AS), Pirita restoran (A. Jürvetson, ü-e A. Kose, A. Sisask), villa Roosikrantsi 4b (O. Siinmaa, ü-e A. Vainomäe). Õnnestunud : villa Pärnus Ringi t. 14 (O. Siinmaa, ü-e nõustab M. Kalm), Tallinna Kunstihoone (A. Soans, E. J. Kuusik), Nurme pood Vabaduse pst. 73a (E. Velbri, ü-e J. Huimerind). Arvamusi : M. Kalm, L. Lapin, J. Kuuskemaa.

  5. The Iron Age and 13th-18th century Cemetery and Chapel Site of Niklusmägi : Grave Looting and Archaeology / Heiki Valk, Pikne Kama, Riina Rammo ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    2011. aastal anti arheoloogilidele vihje Niklusmäe kalme lõhkumisest. 2012. aasta suvel leidsid projekti "Arheoloogia, võim ja ühiskond" raames aset arheoloogilised päästeuuringud. Ilmnes, et kalmet oli rüüstatud 4-5 aasta jooksul. Leitud luustikest, hauapanustest. Niklusmäest Läti Henriku kroonika andmetel. Tänini räägib pärimus Lätist tulnud, Niklusmäe metsa läbivast ja Sangaste poole suunduvast sõjateest. Leiud on tõstatanud küsimusi Eesti lõunaserva matmiskommete ja etnokultuuriliste olude kohta. Kuna kalmesüdamik on rüüstatud, jäävad küsimused vastuseta

  6. Mida tegi peaminister Ansip 20 aastat tagasi? / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Endine Tartu KEK-i juhataja Jaak Kalm ja Tartu linna täitevkomitee aseesimees Robert Närska 1988. a. 2. veebruari meeleavaldusest ja selle laialiajamisest Tartus. Andrus Ansipi väidetavast kommentaarist meeleavalduse laialiajamisel. Peaminister Andrus Ansipi vastuseid küsimustele, miks EKP Tartu rajoonikomitee ei valinud teda 1988. a. rajoonikomitee II sekretäriks; kus ta viibis 2. veebruaril 1988. Lisa: Mida näitavad dokumendid

  7. Robert Närska : Ansipi CV on teadlik partei funktsionääri karjääri valik / Robert Närska ; interv. Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Närska, Robert, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 26. okt. lk. 7. Endine Tartu linna täitevkomitee aseesimees 1988. aasta 2. veebruari sündmustest Tartus ja samal ajal toimunud kohtumisest Andrus Ansipiga, A. Ansipi seisukohtadest miilitsa tegevuse kohta; R. Närska sõnavõtust Andrus Ansipi kandideerimisel EKP Tartu rajoonikomitee II sekretäriks. Kommenteerib Andrus Ansip. Vt. samas: Anneli Ammas. Kalm: Ansip valetab, kui eitab oma kohalolu

  8. Eestlased rabelevad 52 miljardi krooni jagamise pärast / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Eesti saab aastatel 2007-2013 EL-i struktuurifondidelt 52 miljardit krooni, rahandusministeerium koostab riiklikku struktuurivahendite kasutamise strateegiat. Res Publica esimees Taavi Veskimägi kavatseb esitada seaduseparanduse, mille kohaselt peaks struktuurivahendite strateegia kinnitama Riigikogu. Struktuurivahendite jagamine loob EAS-i juhataja Alar Kolgi sõnul Eestis seniolematu majandusharu: projektijuhtimissektori. Lisa: EL-i raha loob uue majandussektori. Vt. samas: Andrus Ansip, Valdo Kalm, Heido Vitsur, Leev Kuum ja Linnar Viik vastavad küsimusele, mis on innovatsioon

  9. Talv 2015 = Winter 2015

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Aasta võitjad: Mart Kalm EKA rektoriks, Jaanus Samma Veneetsia biennaalil, Kris Lemsalu New Yorgi kunstimessil, Anu Vahtrale Köler Prize 2015, Raymond Pettiboni ja Marko Mäetamme isiknäitused Kumus, Katja Novitskova MoMa-s, Tanja Muravskajale Sadolini kunstipreemia, Tõnis Saadojale Konrad Mäe medal ja preemia, EKKM uued tegevjuhid on Marten Esko ja Johannes Säre, kunstnikupalka hakkavad saama viis Eesti kunstnikku

  10. Negligible heat strain in armored vehicle officers wearing personal body armor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hunt Andrew P

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives This study evaluated the heat strain experienced by armored vehicle officers (AVOs wearing personal body armor (PBA in a sub-tropical climate. Methods Twelve male AVOs, aged 35-58 years, undertook an eight hour shift while wearing PBA. Heart rate and core temperature were monitored continuously. Urine specific gravity (USG was measured before and after, and with any urination during the shift. Results Heart rate indicated an intermittent and low-intensity nature of the work. USG revealed six AVOs were dehydrated from pre through post shift, and two others became dehydrated. Core temperature averaged 37.4 ± 0.3°C, with maximum's of 37.7 ± 0.2°C. Conclusions Despite increased age, body mass, and poor hydration practices, and Wet-Bulb Globe Temperatures in excess of 30°C; the intermittent nature and low intensity of the work prevented excessive heat strain from developing.

  11. Amplitude versus offset analysis to marine seismic data acquired in Nankai Trough, offshore Japan where methane hydrate exists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hato, M.; Inamori, T.; Matsuoka, T.; Shimizu, S.

    2003-04-01

    Occurrence of methane hydrates in the Nankai Trough, located off the south-eastern coast of Japan, was confirmed by the exploratory test well drilling conducted by Japan’s Ministry of International Trade and Industry in 1999. Confirmation of methane hydrate has given so big impact to the Japan's future energy strategy and scientific and technological interest was derived from the information of the coring and logging results at the well. Following the above results, Japan National Oil Corporation (JNOC) launched the national project, named as MH21, for establishing the technology of methane hydrate exploration and related technologies such as production and development. As one of the research project for evaluating the total amount of the methane hydrate, Amplitude versus Offset (AVO) was applied to the seismic data acquired in the Nankai Trough area. The main purpose of the AVO application is to evaluate the validity of delineation of methane hydrate-bearing zones. Since methane hydrate is thought to accompany with free-gas in general just below the methane hydrate-bearing zones, the AVO has a possibility of describing the presence of free-gas. The free-gas is thought to be located just below the base of methane hydrate stability zone which is characterized by the Bottom Simulating Reflectors (BSRs) on the seismic section. In this sense, AVO technology, which was developed as gas delineation tools, can be utilized for methane hydrate exploration. The result of AVO analysis clearly shows gas-related anomaly below the BSRs. Appearance of the AVO anomaly has so wide variety. Some of the anomalies might not correspond to the free-gas existence, however, some of them may show free-gas. We are now going to develop methodology to clearly discriminate free-gas from non-gas zone by integrating various types of seismic methods such as seismic inversion and seismic attribute analysis.

  12. 2014 volcanic activity in Alaska: Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Cheryl E.; Dixon, James P.; Neal, Christina A.; Waythomas, Christopher F.; Schaefer, Janet R.; McGimsey, Robert G.

    2017-09-07

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) responded to eruptions, possible eruptions, volcanic unrest or suspected unrest, and seismic events at 18 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2014. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of intermittent ash eruptions from long-active Cleveland and Shishaldin Volcanoes in the Aleutian Islands, and two eruptive episodes at Pavlof Volcano on the Alaska Peninsula. Semisopochnoi and Akutan volcanoes had seismic swarms, both likely the result of magmatic intrusion. The AVO also installed seismometers and infrasound instruments at Mount Cleveland during 2014.

  13. 2015 Volcanic activity in Alaska—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, James P.; Cameron, Cheryl E.; Iezzi, Alexandra M.; Wallace, Kristi

    2017-09-28

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) responded to eruptions, volcanic unrest or suspected unrest, and seismic events at 14 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2015. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of continuing intermittent ash eruptions from Cleveland and Shishaldin volcanoes in the Aleutian Islands. Two eruptive episodes, at Veniaminof and Pavlof, on the Alaska Peninsula ended in 2015. During 2015, AVO re-established the seismograph network at Aniakchak, installed six new broadband seismometers throughout the Aleutian Islands, and added a Multiple component Gas Analyzer System (MultiGAS) station on Augustine.

  14. New technology for the independent producer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-07-01

    This technology transfer conference consisted of the following six sessions: reservoir characterization; drilling, testing and completion; enhanced oil recovery; 3-d seismic and amplitude variation with offset (AVO); biotechnology for field applications; and well logging technology. Selected papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  15. The economics of potential reduction of the rural road system in Kansas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Benefitcost analysis was used to examine the question of road closure in the three counties. The cost of road : closure is the additional travel cost of rural residents due to more circuitous routing to their destinations. The benefit is : the avo...

  16. Catalog of earthquake hypocenters at Redoubt Volcano and Mt. Spurr, Alaska: October 12, 1989 - December 31, 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, John A.; March, Gail D.; Lahr, John C.; Jolly, Arthur D.; Cruse, Gina R.

    1993-01-01

    The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geophysical Institute of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, began a program of seismic monitoring at potentially active volcanoes in the Cook Inlet region in 1988. Seismic monitoring of this area was previously accomplished by two independent seismic networks operated by the U.S. Geological Survey (Northern Cook Inlet) and the Geophysical Institute (Southern Cook Inlet). In 1989 the AVO seismic program consisted of three small-aperture networks of six, five, and six stations on Mt. Spurr, Redoubt Volcano, and Augustine Volcano respectively. Thirty-five other stations were operated in the Cook Inlet region as part of the AVO program. During 1990 six additional stations were added to the Redoubt network in response to eruptive activity, and three stations were installed at Iliamna Volcano. The principal objectives of the AVO program have been the seismic surveillance of the Cook Inlet volcanoes and the investigation of seismic processes associated with active volcanism.

  17. Omavalitsusjuhid Riigikontrolli urgitsemist ei karda / Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Erik, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje 18. märts lk. 1,4. Poberezhje Iisaku vallavanem Avo Kiir, Kohtla-Järve linnapea Jevgeni Solovjov, Narva linnavolikogu esimees Mihhail Stalnuhhin, Jõhvi linnapea Aavo Keerme, Ida-Viru omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor Urve Erikson ja Sillamäe volikogu esimees Valdek Murd kommenteerivad valitsuses heakskiidu leidnud Riigikontrolli volituste laiendamist

  18. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this study, we reveal that the eisosome organizer Pil1 colocalizes with the MCT marker Avo2. Furthermore, we provide evidence that the formation of MCT is dependent on both eisosome integrity and adequate levels of the plasma membrane phosphoinositide PI(4,5)P2. Taken together, our findings indicate that TORC2, ...

  19. Largo mahlatööstus kolib pealinnast Võhmasse / Hans Väre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väre, Hans, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Jõustus Svensky Kaubanduse ja Largo endise omaniku, piimatööstuse Tere vaheline müügileping, mille järgi saab Svenksy Kaubandus endale kõik Largoga seonduva alates kaubamärgist ja seadmetest, lõpetades toodanguga. Arvamust avaldab Võhma linnapea Avo Põder

  20. Petroleum resources assessment (II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    This report consists of 4 subjects. 1) An interactive seismic velocity analysis, 2) AVO analysis for direct hydrocarbon detection, 3) 3D seismic data processing, 4) Study of structural(syncline) effect of the near surface on the resolution of anticline oil trap structure by seismic modeling. (author). 36 refs., 3 tabs., 97 figs.

  1. Georgi söögituba Kotli majas / Helju Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helju, 1943-

    2006-01-01

    Georg Lurichi järgi nime saanud söögitoast arhitekt Alar Kotli vanaisale kuulunud hoones Väike-Maarjas. Enne renoveerimist koliti hoone teise kohta. Söögitoa kujunduse tegi Kai Tort, mööbli valmistasid kohalikud puusepad, plekist lambid - Ilmar Aasumets. Omanik Avo Part. 7 värv. ill

  2. Georgi söögituba Väike-Maarjas / Kai Tort, Ilmar Aasumets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tort, Kai

    2006-01-01

    7 ill.; Georg Lurichi järgi nime saanud söögituba asub arhitekt Alar Kotli vanaisale kuulunud hoones; söögitoa kujunduse tegi Kai Tort, mööbli valmistasid kohalikud puusepad, plekist lambid - Ilmar Aasumets, omanik Avo Part

  3. Nokia ja Sirmens panevad leivad ühte kappi / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Nokia ja Siemens ühendavad võrguseadmete tootmise. Lisa: Annika Matson. Eesti võib võita uusi töökohti. Küsimustele vastab Avo Tihamäe. Diagramm: Ühinemisuudis pani aktsiad liikuma. Vt. samas: Sirje Rank. Analüütikud: Siemens võidab tehingust enam; Võrguseadmete tootjatel peal liitumistuhin

  4. Fiber Optic Chemical Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-01

    31, 1980. Koyama, Masao and Sato , Yuichi, "Improved Enzyme Sensor for Glucose with an Ultra-Filtration Membrane and Immobilized Glucose Oxidase...ion Process," American Laboratory, AVO, AIS, 54-59, 1989. Kaihara, Mikio ; Mametsuka, Hiroaki; Gunji, Naoki; Iwata, Hideo and Gohshi,, "New Dilution

  5. 30. IX kuni 31. XII 2000 toimus Makedoonia Vabariigis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    III rahvusvaheline graafikatriennaal "Bitola 2000" teemadel "2000 aastat kristlust" ja "Metamorfoos". Eestist osalesid Peeter Allik, Sirje Eelma, Kelli Kagovere, Avo Keerend, Ilmar Kruusamäe, Raul Meel, Benjamin Vasserman. Peapreemia - poola graafiku Mira Boczniowiczi töö "Empire Sign".

  6. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 126; Issue 3 ... Decomposition of wind speed fluctuations at different time scales .... Bayesian inversion of synthetic AVO data to assess fluid and shale content in sand-shale media ... Geochemical characteristics of sandstones from Cretaceous Garudamangalam ...

  7. Eesti graafika Rio de Janeiros / Jüri Kass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kass, Jüri

    1999-01-01

    15. sept.-st Krakovi graafikatriennaali valiknäitusel Rio de Janeiro kaasaegse kunsti muuseumis esinevad Eestist Peeter Allik, Inga Heamägi, Eve Kask, Avo Keerend, Malle Leis, Ülle Marks, Raul Meel. 1997. a. Krakovi triennaalil ning sellele järgnenud sateliit- ja jätkunäitustel Eestist osalenud kunstnike loetelu.

  8. Tallinna Kool - silla ehitajad Eesti aega, aga ka lääne nüüdisaegsesse arhitektuuri / Leonhard Lapin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lapin, Leonhard, 1947-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti arhitektide rühmitusest Tallinna Kool. Tegutses 1972-1985. Esimese manifesti koostajad on Tiit Kaljundi, Vilen Künnapu, Leonhard Lapin, Avo-Him Looveer ja Ülev Eljand. Oluline oli Tallinna Kooli arhitektide grupinäitus 1978. a. Näitus "Keskkonnad, projektid, kontseptsioonid. Tallinna Kooli arhitektid 1972-1985" Rotermanni soolalaos

  9. Use of new and old technologies and methods by the Alaska Volcano Observatory during the 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, T. L.; Nye, C. J.; Eichelberger, J. C.

    2006-12-01

    The recent eruption of Augustine Volcano was the first significant volcanic event in Cook Inlet, Alaska since 1992. In contrast to eruptions at remote Alaskan volcanoes that mainly affect aviation, ash from previous eruptions of Augustine has affected communities surrounding Cook Inlet, home to over half of Alaska's population. The 2006 eruption validated much of AVO's advance preparation, underscored the need to quickly react when a problem or opportunity developed, and once again demonstrated that while technology provides us with wonderful tools, professional relationships, especially during times of crisis, are still important. Long-term multi-parametric instrumental monitoring and background geological and geophysical studies represent the most fundamental aspect of preparing for any eruption. Once significant unrest was detected, AVO augmented the existing real-time network with additional instrumentation including web cameras. GPS and broadband seismometers that recorded data on site were also quickly installed as their data would be crucial for post-eruption research. Prior to 2006, most of most of AVO's eruption response plans and protocols had focused on the threat to aviation rather than ground-based hazards. However, the relationships and protocols developed for the aviation threat were sufficient to be adapted to the ash fall hazard, though it is apparent that more work, both scientific and with response procedures, is needed. Similarly, protocols were quickly developed for warning of a flank- collapse induced tsunami. Information flow within the observatory was greatly facilitated by an internal web site that had been developed and refined specifically for eruption response. Because AVO is a partnership of 3 agencies (U.S. Geological Survey, University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys) with offices in both Fairbanks and Anchorage, web and internet-facing data servers provided

  10. Eestist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Vabariigi aastapäeva tähistamisest Põlvamaal, intervjuu Miliza Korjuse tütrega, Anne Veski on Venemaal endiselt populaarne, kuhu panna laulma J. Carreras, lätlased domineerisid Valga klaveriansamblite festivalil, Rein Rannapi kontserdi järelkajad Järvamaal ja Virumaal, Viruma orkestritest,Avo Tamme laulud, mitmest huvitavast muusikust maakondades, Saaremaa folkloristide ettevõtmistest ja rahvapilliõpetusest lastele Viljandis, kitarristidest-muuikutest ja Viljandi kontseriuudiseid

  11. Implementation of Simple and Functional Web Applications at the Alaska Volcano Observatory Remote Sensing Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skoog, R. A.

    2007-12-01

    Web pages are ubiquitous and accessible, but when compared to stand-alone applications they are limited in capability. The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) Remote Sensing Group has implemented web pages and supporting server software that provide relatively advanced features to any user able to meet basic requirements. Anyone in the world with access to a modern web browser (such as Mozilla Firefox 1.5 or Internet Explorer 6) and reasonable internet connection can fully use the tools, with no software installation or configuration. This allows faculty, staff and students at AVO to perform many aspects of volcano monitoring from home or the road as easily as from the office. Additionally, AVO collaborators such as the National Weather Service and the Anchorage Volcanic Ash Advisory Center are able to use these web tools to quickly assess volcanic events. Capabilities of this web software include (1) ability to obtain accurate measured remote sensing data values on an semi- quantitative compressed image of a large area, (2) to view any data from a wide time range of data swaths, (3) to view many different satellite remote sensing spectral bands and combinations, to adjust color range thresholds, (4) and to export to KML files which are viewable virtual globes such as Google Earth. The technologies behind this implementation are primarily Javascript, PHP, and MySQL which are free to use and well documented, in addition to Terascan, a commercial software package used to extract data from level-0 data files. These technologies will be presented in conjunction with the techniques used to combine them into the final product used by AVO and its collaborators for operational volcanic monitoring.

  12. IZBOLJŠAVA STATISTIČNEGA NADZORA PROCESA V PODJETJU VIP - VIRANT D.O.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Dolžan, Tomaž

    2014-01-01

    Tema diplomske naloge so kabelski snopi oziroma povezave, ki se uporabljajo v namen avtomobilske industrije. Pri obravnavanih kabelskih snopih gre za problematiko statističnega nadzora proizvodnega procesa. V nalogi smo se ukvarjali z izboljšavo dosedanjega statističnega nadzora proizvodnega procesa in pri tem dobili tudi konkretne podatke za dva parametra, katera smo merili. Meritve smo opravljali na podlagi jemanja vzorcev iz proizvodnega procesa. Opisali smo preteklo stanje statističnega n...

  13. Resolution enhancement of robust Bayesian pre-stack inversion in the frequency domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xingyao; Li, Kun; Zong, Zhaoyun

    2016-10-01

    AVO/AVA (amplitude variation with an offset or angle) inversion is one of the most practical and useful approaches to estimating model parameters. So far, publications on AVO inversion in the Fourier domain have been quite limited in view of its poor stability and sensitivity to noise compared with time-domain inversion. For the resolution and stability of AVO inversion in the Fourier domain, a novel robust Bayesian pre-stack AVO inversion based on the mixed domain formulation of stationary convolution is proposed which could solve the instability and achieve superior resolution. The Fourier operator will be integrated into the objective equation and it avoids the Fourier inverse transform in our inversion process. Furthermore, the background constraints of model parameters are taken into consideration to improve the stability and reliability of inversion which could compensate for the low-frequency components of seismic signals. Besides, the different frequency components of seismic signals can realize decoupling automatically. This will help us to solve the inverse problem by means of multi-component successive iterations and the convergence precision of the inverse problem could be improved. So, superior resolution compared with the conventional time-domain pre-stack inversion could be achieved easily. Synthetic tests illustrate that the proposed method could achieve high-resolution results with a high degree of agreement with the theoretical model and verify the quality of anti-noise. Finally, applications on a field data case demonstrate that the proposed method could obtain stable inversion results of elastic parameters from pre-stack seismic data in conformity with the real logging data.

  14. Ion Kinetics in the Solar Wind: Coupling Global Expansion to Local Microphysics

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Matteini, L.; Hellinger, Petr; Landi, S.; Trávníček, Pavel M.; Velli, M.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 172, 1-4 (2012), s. 373-396 ISSN 0038-6308 Grant - others:ESA(XE) PECS 98068; AVO(CZ) IAA300420702 Program:IA Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10030501; CEZ:AV0Z30420517 Keywords : solar wind * ion kinetics * numerical simulations Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 5.519, year: 2012

  15. Investigating behavior changes of laying hens molted by high dietary zinc

    OpenAIRE

    Smayyeh Salari; Somayyeh Salari

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The commercial egg industry commonly uses induced molt procedures to rejuvenate flocks for a second or third laying cycle. Molting may be induced by feed withdrawal for up to 10 days (7), water withdrawal for 2 days (19), or both, along with a reduction of day length (14). Such programs cause concern about animal welfare because it is thought that they may be harmful to hens (28). Given the concerns for potential bird stress, various methods of nutrient restriction that would avo...

  16. Selection of UAS Personnel (SUPer) Phase I Report: Identification of Critical Skills, Abilities, and Other Characteristics and Recommendations for Test Battery Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-20

    UAS/RPA AVOs is driving reassignment of manned aircraft pilots into unmanned piloting jobs, which may result in poor P- E Fit. Other Potential...Tasking Test (MTT) Test Description The USAF Multi-Tasking Test, based on a test originally sponsored by the US Navy, assesses cognitive multitasking ...0.26 0.20 N/A Favorable TBAS TBAS MultiTasking (Combination Joystick and Rudder Test) 0.25 0.00 N/A Favorable

  17. IT ei loe / Nicholas G. Carr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Carr, Nicholas G.

    2003-01-01

    Harvard Business Review endise toimetaja arvates on infotehnoloogia (IT) strateegiline tähtsus ettevõtetes oluliselt vähenenud ning innovaatilised IT lahendused ei anna enam konkurentsieeliseid, mille tõttu peab muutuma ka juhtide suhtumine IT riskidesse, investeeringutesse ja juhtimisse. Vt. samas: Kuidas vältida üleinvesteerimist IT-sse?; Liiga palju head; Mis saab müüjatest?; Uued reeglid IT juhtimises. Kommenteerivad Henn Sarv, Avo Kokk, Olli Heinonen ja Jüri Kaljundi

  18. Tänukiri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Tulemusliku töö eest tänukirjaga autasustatud TPÜ töötajad ja külalislektorid: Angela Arraste, Cécile Eliziere, Margus Harak, Aili Kants, Edgar Karofeld, Aili Kelam, Wolf Peter Klein, Jüri Kruusvall, Marek Kuzmin, Viivi Maanso, Avo Petrauts, Anne Rooste, Helve Siivo, Leida Talts, Aili Tamm, Anu Toots, Ülo Ugaste, Urve Väljas, Paul Ruudi / allikas : TPÜ rektori käskkiri, 13. oktoober 2000

  19. Nähtamatu naise nähtav panus / Eerik Purje ; fotod: V. Sarapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purje, Eerik, 1927-

    2006-01-01

    17. oktoobri õhtul Tartu College´i saalis toimunud pidulikust õhtust, mis oli pühendatud Vaiki Toile, esitades Roman Toi loomingut ja tähistades Romani 90. sünnipäeva. Õhtut juhtis Avo Kittask, esinesid Estonia Koor, Toronto Eesti Meeskoor, lauluansambel Helin, klaveril saatis Asta Ballstadt, koore juhatasid Margit Viia-Maiste, Ingrid Silm, Charles Kipper. Avati kunstnik Josef Milczarski portree juubilarist

  20. Solid State Structure-Reactivity Studies on Bixbyites, Fluorites and Perovskites Belonging to the Vanadate, Titanate and Cerate Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafi, Shahid P.

    This thesis primarily focuses on the systematic understanding of structure-reactivity relationships in two representative systems: bixbyite and related structures as well as indium doped CeO2. Topotactic reaction routes have gained significant attention over the past two decades due to their potential to access kinetically controlled metastable materials. This has contributed substantially to the understanding of solid state reaction pathways and provided first insights into mechanisms. Contrary to the widely used ex-situ methods, in-situ techniques including powder x-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis have been employed extensively throughout this work in order to follow the reaction pathways in real time. Detailed analysis of the AVO3 (A = In, Sc) bixbyite reactivity under oxidative conditions has been carried out and a variety of novel metastable oxygen defect phases have been identified and characterized. The novel metastable materials have oxygen deficient fluorite structures and consequently are potential ion conductors. Structural aspects of the topotactic vs. reconstructive transformations are illustrated with this model system. The structure-reactivity study of AVO3 phases was extended to AVO3 perovskite family. Based on the research methodologies and results from AVO3 bixbyite reactivity studies a generalized mechanistic oxidation pathway has been established with a non-vanadium phase, ScTiO3 bixbyite. However, there is stark contrast in terms of structural stability and features beyond this stability limit during AVO3 and ScTiO3 bixbyite reaction pathways. A series of complex reaction sequences including phase separation and phase transitions were identified during the investigation of ScTiO3 reactivity. The two-step formation pathway for the fluorite-type oxide ion conductor Ce1-xInxO2-delta (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) is being reported. The formation of the BaCe1-xInxO 3-delta perovskites and the subsequent CO2-capture reaction

  1. Exploring the Digital Universe with Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    N° 73-2001 - Paris, 5 December 2001 The aim of AVO is to give astronomers instant access to the vast databanks now being built up by the world's observatories and forming what is in effect a "digital sky". Using AVO astronomers will be able, for example, to retrieve the elusive traces of the passage of an asteroid as it passes the Earth and so predict its future path and perhaps warn of a possible impact. When a giant star comes to the end of its life in a cataclysmic explosion called a supernova, they will be able to access the digital sky and pinpoint the star shortly before it exploded, adding invaluable data to the study of the evolution of stars. Modern observatories observe the sky continuously and data accumulates remorselessly in the digital archives. The growth rate is impressive and many hundreds of terabytes of data -corresponding to many thousands of billions of pixels - are already available to scientists. The real sky is being digitally reconstructed in the databanks. The volume and complexity of data and information available to astronomers are overwhelming. Hence the problem of how astronomers can possibly manage, distribute and analyse this great wealth of data. The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory will enable them to meet the challenge and "put the Universe online". AVO is a three-year project, funded by the European Commission under its Research and Technological Development (RTD) scheme, to design and implement a virtual observatory for the European astronomical community. The Commission has awarded a contract valued at EUR 4m for the project, starting on 15 November. AVO will provide software tools to enable astronomers to access the multi-wavelength data archives over the Internet and so give them the capability to resolve fundamental questions about the Universe by probing the digital sky. Equivalent searches of the "real" sky would, in comparison, both be prohibitively costly and take far too long. Towards a Global Virtual Observatory The

  2. İbn Haldun'un mukaddimequot123sinde toplumun yasalarını keşfeden bir düşünce etkinliği olarak tarih

    OpenAIRE

    KARACA, Çağlar

    2011-01-01

    ÖZET Bu çalıĢmada, Ġbn Haldun‟un tarih anlayıĢı ve toplumun yasalarını keĢfeden bir tarih bilimine katkısı incelenmiĢtir. Ġbn Haldun, kendinden sonraki birçok tarih görüĢüne esin kaynağı olmuĢtur. Ancak onun ününün yanında, Mukaddime‟deki fikirlerin ve tarihsel etkinliğin kuramsal bir değerlendirmesi sönük kalmıĢtır. Ġbn Haldun, kurucusu olduğu umran biliminde tarihsel zorunlulukları, toplumun hal ve tavırlarını keĢfetmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bir Ġslam bilgini olarak, Aristoteles‟ten et...

  3. Süryaniler’in Tarihi ve Sosyolojik Yapısı

    OpenAIRE

    Ürek, Melki

    2014-01-01

    Bu makalede, Süryanilerin tarihi süreçleri ve sosyolojik yapıları ele alın-mıştır. Süryaniler yüzyıllar boyunca oldukça kaotik bir cooğrafyada yaşa-mışlarddır. Bu nedenle, dini, politik ve ideolojik açıdan pek çok farklı pa-radigmanın etkisi altında kalmışlardır. Bu olumsuz etki Süryanileri tarihi ve teolojik açıdan hatalı tanımlamalar ve yanlış isimlendirmeler gibi so-runlarla yüz yüze bırakmıştır. Ancak son zamanlarda üretilen akademik ve objektif çalışmalarla, Süryani liderlerin kendilerin...

  4. Gediz Grabeninin Doğu Kesimindeki Güncel Tektonik Hareketlerin GPS Ve Ps-InSAR Yöntemleri Kullanılarak Belirlenmesi; İlk Sonuçlar

    OpenAIRE

    POYRAZ, Fatih; TATAR, Orhan; HASTAOĞLU, Kemal Özgür; TİRYAKİOĞLU, İbrahim; GÜRSOY, Önder; KOÇBULUT, Fikret; TÜRK, Tarık; DEMİREL, Mehmet; DUMAN, Hüseyin; CİĞER, Ahmet Faruk; GÜL, Didem

    2015-01-01

    Birçok uygarlığın üzerinde geliştiği Batı Anadolu, tarihsel dönemlerde de birçok yıkıcı depremlerin etkisinde kalmıştır. Çalışma bölgesini kapsayan alanda tarihsel dönemde oluşmuş 13 dolayında deprem bilinmektedir. Bu tarihsel depremlerin büyük bir çoğunluğu Gediz grabeni çevresinde yoğunlaşmaktadır. Gediz Grabenindeki tarihsel deprem aktivitesi incelendiğinde, Grabenin batı ucundaki bölgede MÖ. 17 ve M.S. 1592, 1850, 1862 yıllarında, Grabenin doğu ucundaki bölgede ise M.S. 60 ve 494 yılları...

  5. Areeni aasta album. Isiklikud edetabelid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Areen jagas punkte heliplaatidele: 1. The Streets "Original Pirate Material" 2. Common "Electric Circus" 3. Flaming Lips "Yoshimi Battles The Pink Robots" 4. DJ Shadow "Private Press" 5. Peven Everett "Studio Confessions" 6. Andrew WK "I Get Wet" 7. Underworld "A Hundred Days Off" 8.-9. Felix Da Housecat "Kittenz and Thee Glitz" 10. X-Press 2 "Muzikizum" 11. The Music "The Music" 12.-13. The Datsuns "The Datsuns" 12. 13 Peshay "Fuzion" 14. High Contrast "True Colours" 15. Tallinn 73 meets Kalm "Autopiloot" 16. Koop "Waltz For Koop" 17.-18. Death In Vegas "Scorpio Rising" 17.-18. A "Hi-Fi-Serious" 19.-20. Arto Lindsay "Invoke" 19.-20. Akufen "My Way". Isiklikud edetabelid Tõnu Kaalepilt, Marek Kallinilt, Erkki Luukilt, Tõnis Kahult, Raul Saaremetsalt, Siim Nestorilt, Koit Raudsepalt, Erik Mornalt, Mart Juurelt ja Märt Milterilt

  6. Devital dişlerin ıntrakoronal ağartmasında kullanılan iki farklı materyalin klinik etkinliğinin karşılaştırılması

    OpenAIRE

    Keçeci, Diljin

    2009-01-01

    SüleymanDemirel Üniversitesi TIP FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ: 2006 Eylül; 13(3) Devital dişlerin ıntrakoronal ağartmasında kullanılan iki farklı materyalin klinik etkinliğinin karşılaştırılması Diljin Keçeci Devital diş renklenmeleri diş dizisinde kolayca ayırt edilebildiği için özellikle ön dişlerde estetik sorunlara yol açmaktadır. Bu çalışmada kanal tedavisi uygulanmış veya travmaya maruz kalmış, ön dişlerde ortaya çıkan renklenmelerin ağartılması amacıyla bir sodyum perborat (Starbrite, Dentr...

  7. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

    2001-12-01

    This annual technical progress report is for part of Task 4 (site evaluation), Task 5 (2D seismic design, acquisition, and processing), and Task 6 (2D seismic reflection, interpretation, and AVO analysis) on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford Site. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM, it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as a monitoring tool to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. The second deployment is to the Department of Defense (DOD) Charleston Naval Weapons Station Solid Waste Management Unit 12 (SWMU-12), Charleston, SC to further test the technique to detect high concentrations of DNAPL. The Charleston Naval Weapons Station SWMU-12 site was selected in consultation with National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and DOD Naval Facilities Engineering Command Southern Division (NAVFAC) personnel. Based upon the review of existing data and due to the shallow target depth, the project team collected three Vertical Seismic Profiles (VSP) and an experimental P-wave seismic reflection line. After preliminary data analysis of the VSP data and the experimental reflection line data, it was decided to proceed with Task 5 and Task 6. Three high resolution P-wave reflection profiles were collected with two objectives; (1) design the reflection survey to image a target depth of 20 feet below land surface to assist in determining the geologic controls on the DNAPL plume geometry, and (2) apply AVO analysis to the seismic data to locate the zone of high concentration of DNAPL. Based upon the results of the data processing and interpretation of the seismic data, the project team was able to map the channel that is controlling the DNAPL plume

  8. Strong T-phases recorded in the Aleutian Arc following the April 20, 2006 Koryakia, Russia Mw=7.6 earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, K. M.; McNutt, S. R.; Reyes, C. G.; Deangelis, S.

    2006-12-01

    The April 20, 2006 Mw=7.6 earthquake that occurred in Koryakia, Russia, just North of Kamchatka, produced very clear T-phases on seismic stations in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska. The seismic stations are maintained by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) to monitor volcanoes. Strong T-phases were recorded by most of the AVO network. The well-distributed locations of the AVO stations along most of the arc, allow unusually clear observations of phase travel times and path effects. T-phases were recorded most clearly and with highest amplitudes in the central and western Aleutians. A sharp decline in amplitude is seen moving east across the arc as the path crosses the Alaskan continental shelf in the eastern Bering Sea. The partial destructive effects of the Bower's Ridge blocking part of the energy are evident at stations on several of the westernmost Aleutian volcanoes. In the central Aleutians several volcano networks recorded a strong secondary T-phase which we believe to be a reflection from the continental shelf edge or from somewhere else along the path. There are other possible interpretations to this signal, which are also being investigated. Using arrival times and distances of the T-phases we have calculated an average apparent velocity in the SOFAR channel of about 1550 m/s. This is slightly above the predicted speeds of 1400-1500 m/s for the Bering Sea. Investigations of the causes of the velocities variations as well as the secondary T-phases are ongoing and will likely yield new information about seismic and acoustic propagation in the Bering Sea.

  9. Appraisal of gas hydrate resources based on a P- and S-impedance reflectivity template: case study from the deep sea sediments in Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hosseini Shoar, Behnam; Javaherian, Abdolrahim; Farajkhah, Nasser Keshavarz; Seddigh Arabani, Mojtaba

    2013-01-01

    The occurrence of a bottom simulating reflector (BSR) in the 2D seismic data from Makran's accretionary prism reveals the presence of gas hydrate and free gas several hundred meters below the seafloor of Iran's deep sea. According to the global distribution of marine hydrates, they are widely present in deep sea sediments, where high operational costs and hazards cause a lack of well log information. Therefore, developing a method to quantify the hydrate resources with seismic data is an ultimate goal for unexplored regions. In this study, the so-called reflectivity templates (RTs) are introduced for quantification of the hydrate and free gas near the BSR. These RTs are intuitive crossplots of P-impedance and S-impedance contrasts across the BSR. They are calculated theoretically based on the effective medium theory for different hydrate distribution modes with some assumptions on porosity and mineralogical composition of unconsolidated sediments. This technique suggests the possibility of using the amplitude variation versus offset (AVO) analysis of the BSR for a quantitative interpretation when well log data are not available. By superimposing the AVO-derived P-impedance and S-impedance contrasts across the BSR on these RTs, the saturations of the hydrate and free gas near the BSR could be estimated. Validation of this approach by synthetic data showed that a reliable quantification could be achieved if the model parameters were rearranged to a form in which the AVO inversion was independent of the S-wave to P-wave velocity-ratio assumption. Based on this approach applied on the 2D marine pre-stack time migrated seismic line in offshore Iran, 4% to 28% of the gas hydrate and 1% to 2% of the free gas are expected to be accumulated near the thrusted-ridge and thrusted-footwall types of BSRs. (paper)

  10. Advancing New 3D Seismic Interpretation Methods for Exploration and Development of Fractured Tight Gas Reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James Reeves

    2005-01-31

    In a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and GeoSpectrum, Inc., new P-wave 3D seismic interpretation methods to characterize fractured gas reservoirs are developed. A data driven exploratory approach is used to determine empirical relationships for reservoir properties. Fractures are predicted using seismic lineament mapping through a series of horizon and time slices in the reservoir zone. A seismic lineament is a linear feature seen in a slice through the seismic volume that has negligible vertical offset. We interpret that in regions of high seismic lineament density there is a greater likelihood of fractured reservoir. Seismic AVO attributes are developed to map brittle reservoir rock (low clay) and gas content. Brittle rocks are interpreted to be more fractured when seismic lineaments are present. The most important attribute developed in this study is the gas sensitive phase gradient (a new AVO attribute), as reservoir fractures may provide a plumbing system for both water and gas. Success is obtained when economic gas and oil discoveries are found. In a gas field previously plagued with poor drilling results, four new wells were spotted using the new methodology and recently drilled. The wells have estimated best of 12-months production indicators of 2106, 1652, 941, and 227 MCFGPD. The latter well was drilled in a region of swarming seismic lineaments but has poor gas sensitive phase gradient (AVO) and clay volume attributes. GeoSpectrum advised the unit operators that this location did not appear to have significant Lower Dakota gas before the well was drilled. The other three wells are considered good wells in this part of the basin and among the best wells in the area. These new drilling results have nearly doubled the gas production and the value of the field. The interpretation method is ready for commercialization and gas exploration and development. The new technology is adaptable to conventional lower cost 3D seismic surveys.

  11. Kas teie arvates tuleks Ülejõe pargid Emajõe vasakkaldal taashoonestada? / intervjueerinud Ivi Drikkit ja Jüri Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Vastasid: Mati Tolmoff, Veljo Ipits, Toomas Savi, Verni Loodmaa, Väino Kull, Toomas Kapp, Triin Anette Kaasik, Kristjan Karis, Hele Everaus, Margot Fjuk, Janika Mölder, Hannes Astok, Jaak Adamsoo, Martin Parmas, Toivo Kabanen, Oleg Nesterenko, Tõnu Ints, Piret Uluots, Peep Peterson, Marju Lauristin, Jarno Laur, Arno Arukask, Ülo Veldre, Toomas Jürgenstein, Veera Sirg, Maie Pastik, Elmut Paavel, Avo Rosenvald, Toivo Maimets, Peeter Tulviste, Joel Luhamets, Jüri Kõre, Ants Kask, Enn Tarto, Tarmo Punger, Merle Jääger, Vladimir Šokman, Boris Habramov, Jevgenia Lindevaldt, Harri Jallajas, Natalja Trošina, Olev Raju, Nikolai Põdramägi

  12. Pravice iz invalidskega zavarovanja - neskladnost 2. in 3. odstavka 66. člena ZPIZ-1 z Ustavo Republike Slovenije

    OpenAIRE

    Bele, Primož

    2012-01-01

    Republika Slovenija je socialna država, kar je navedeno v drugem členu Ustave Republike Slovenije1. Upoštevajoč navedeno, prvi odstavek 50. člena Ustave RS zagotavlja državljanom pravico do socialne varnosti, pod pogoji, ki jih določa zakon. Naveden člen Ustave RS obvezuje državo, da z zakonom uredi obvezna socialna zavarovanja, torej tudi invalidsko zavarovanje. Država je dolžna zagotoviti delovanje invalidskega zavarovanja, kar je storila z zakonom o pokojninskem in invalidsk...

  13. Analysis of Truss Frames by Method of the Stiffness Matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    of the web members of the truss. There also are variations in the truss frame given by the geometric shape of the frame, also referred to in some...at the elastic center, 0 (Figure .3.2), are: R AX = Wix - Hot RBX W2x -Ho, RAY =WIY + Vo, (1) RBy WLy - Vo, MAB =- Mo + CH. + aVo + CMA, MBA =M - CH...o Co Ce Substituting the results of Equation (7) into Equations (1), x c D x RAY = Wix + + -- (eA - GO - D (8)C x C x C cx x cx AY a D RAY

  14. Acquisition and Retention of Team Coordination in Command-and-Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-15

    transitioning from a trot to a gallop is identical to the transition from anti-phase to in-phase finger tapping , when considered from a dynamical systems...Team Coordination conserved and mixing taps extant information in new ways. The latter interpretation seems more plausible given that the relations of...5OC1~AA To e IoumatbJfoa ee b~ei b ROZ euuy (K(M) is t(W4 DU~ V 4W~f rQ~shI1JWIIX~rI~~al ft~l~f ~ DFMPC reiorys S-STR rrsnvukis to AVO 0 Eft twos

  15. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number 890711W1. 10109 Concurrent Computer Corporation C(3) Ada, Version R02-02.00 Concurrent Computer Corporation 3280 MPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-11

    Wright-Patterson ATB Dayton, OH, USA Ada Joint Prograr Office United States De artment of Defense " * ’ , Washington, DC 2 301-3061 i4. I 10 k A$ -h-Y...dependent but is permitted by the Ada Standard. Six classes of tests are used. These tests are designed to perform checks at compile time, at link time...the direction of the AVF according to procedures establizhed by the Ada Joia ,, Program Office and administered by the Ada Validation Organization (AVO

  16. Measurement of Diaphragmatic Blood Flow and Oxygen Consumption in the Dog by the Kety-Schmidt Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochester, Dudley F.

    1974-01-01

    To assess energy expenditure of the diaphragm directly, a method was devised for percutaneous catheterization of the left inferior phrenic vein in dogs. Necropsy studies, including retrograde injection of india ink and measurement of radioactivity in diaphragmatic muscle strips, suggested that the territory drained by the inferior phrenic vein was uniformly perfused, and that there were no major anastomoses between this bed and adjacent ones. Diaphragmatic blood flow (˙Q di) was calculated from the integrated diaphragmatic arteriovenous difference of 85Kr by the Kety-Schmidt technique. Diaphragmatic oxygen consumption (˙Vo2 di) was determined as the product of ˙Q di and the diaphragmatic arteriovenous oxygen content difference [(A-V)O2 di]. When lightly anesthetized dogs breathed quietly, ˙Q di was 22±SD 6 ml/min/100 g, (A-V)O2 di was 6.1±SD 2.5 ml/100 ml, and ˙VO2 di averaged 1.2±SD 0.3 ml/min/100 g. This represented 1.0±SD 0.2% of total body oxygen consumption. ˙VO2 di remained relatively constant during quiet breathing, whereas ˙Q di varied directly with cardiac output and reciprocally with (A-V)O2 di. The oxygen consumption of the noncontracting diaphragm was 60±SD 20% of the level measured during quiet breathing. The energy expended by the diaphragm to support simple hyperventilation was small. A 100% increase in minute ventilation, induced by inhalation of 5% CO2 in 21% or 14% O2, increased ˙Q di 13%, (A-V)O2 di 19%, and ˙VO2 di 40%. The diaphragm consumed 0.13±SD 0.09 ml O2 for each additional liter of ventilation. In four dogs, pneumonia appeared to increase ˙VO2 both by increasing minute ventilation and by increasing the energy cost per liter of ventilation. PMID:4825221

  17. 1970. aastatel alustas arhitektidest sõprade ja kolleegide rühm... / Mari Laanemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemets, Mari, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    27.VI avatakse Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis Rotermanni soolalaos 1970. ja 1980. alguse eksperimentaalset arhitektuuripraktikat käsitlev näitus "Keskkond, objektid, kontseptsioonid. Tallinna kooli arhitektid 1972-1985". Näha saab Ülevi Eljandi, Ignar Fjuki, Veljo Kaasiku, Tiit Kaljundi, Vilen Künnapu, Leonhard Lapini, Avo-Himm Looveere, Kristin-Mari Looveere, Marika Lõokese, Jüri Okase, Jaan Olliku, Ain Padriku, Toomas Reinu, Andres Ringo, Sirje Runge, Harry Sheini, Tõnis Vindi ja Matti Õunapuu töid. Näituse kuraatorid Andres Kurg ja Mari Laanemets. Samas: "Uue arhitektuuri näituse programm" (1972)

  18. Naisiin kohdistuva parisuhdeväkivalta ja auttavat tahot

    OpenAIRE

    Özen, Saija; Taavitsainen, Riina

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli kerätä tietoa naisiin kohdistuvasta parisuhdeväkivallasta Suomessa. Keskityimme parisuhdeväkivaltaan suhteissa, joissa avo- tai aviopuolisoilla ei ole lapsia ja joissa mies on pahoinpitelijän roolissa. Tarkoituksena oli kerätä tietopaketti, jossa käymme läpi parisuhdeväkivaltaa ja sen monimuotoisuutta, avun hakemisen ja saamisen vaikeutta sekä auttamisprosessia parisuhdeväkivaltatyössä. Opinnäytetyömme teoriaosuudessa käsiteltiin parisuhdeväkivaltaa ilmiö...

  19. Kvadroraadio 40 / Margo Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Margo, 1961-

    2017-01-01

    40 aastat tagasi edastas Eesti Raadio eetrisse esimese kvadrofoonilise otsesaate tollases Nõukogude Liidus. Sündmust meenutavad psühholoog ja elektroonikainsener, tollane Vabariikliku Raadio- ja Telekeskuse sektori juhataja Avo-Rein Tereping ning mitu häält aegade tagant: ENSV Raadio ja Televisiooni Komitee esimehe esimene asetäitja Aado Slutsk, raadio- ja muusikaajakirjanik Virve Normet, Eesti Raadio programmi peadirektori asetäitja Hannes Valdma, reporter Toivo Makk, aastail 1975-1981 raadio muusikasaadete peatoimetajana töötanud tšellist Toomas Velmet ning loodusemees Fred Jüssi

  20. Uporaba nabora multimedijskih orodij za mednarodno predstavitev mostu "Pašerele" čez reko Sočo na Goriškem

    OpenAIRE

    POPIT, DIJANA

    2017-01-01

    V pričujočem delu je predstavljen potek projekta, ki smo ga začeli izvajati v maju 2014 pod mentorstvom dr. Franca Policardija, glavnega distributerja uporabljenega gradiva g. Maria Mute ter g. Petra Gruntarja, ki nam je pomagal pri rekonstrukciji mostu v AvtoCAD-u 2012. Problem našega projekta je bil kako z uporabo standardnih metod in multimedije zabrisati mejo, ki je nastala med Slovenijo in Italijo, bolj natančno med potomci ljudi, ki so nekdaj živeli pod skupno državo Avstro-Ogrsko. O...

  1. Press Meeting 20 January 2003: First Light for Europe's Virtual Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-12-01

    Imagine you are an astronomer with instant, fingertip access to all existing observations of a given object and the opportunity to sift through them at will. In just a few moments, you can have information on all kinds about objects out of catalogues all over the world, including observations taken at different times. Over the next two years this scenario will become reality as Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) develops. Established only a year ago (cf. ESO PR 26/01), the AVO already offers astronomers a unique, prototype research tool that will lead the way to many outstanding new discoveries. Journalists are invited to a live demonstration of the capabilities of this exciting new initiative in astronomy. The demonstration will take place at the Jodrell Bank Observatory in Manchester, in the United Kingdom, on 20 January 2003, starting at 11:00. Sophisticated AVO tools will help scientists find the most distant supernovae - objects that reveal the cosmological makeup of our Universe. The tools are also helping astronomers measure the rate of birth of stars in extremely red and distant galaxies. Journalists will also have the opportunity to discuss the project with leading astronomers from across Europe. The new AVO website has been launched today, explaining the progress being made in this European Commission-funded project: URL: http://www.euro-vo.org/ To register your intention to attend the AVO First Light Demonstration, please provide your name and affiliation by January 13, 2003, to: Ian Morison, Jodrell Bank Observatory (full contact details below). Information on getting to the event is included on the webpage above. Programme for the AVO First Light Demonstration 11:00 Welcome, Phil Diamond (University of Manchester/Jodrell Bank Observatory) 11:05 Short introduction to Virtual Observatories, Piero Benvenuti (ESA/ST-ECF) 11:15 Q&A 11:20 Short introduction to the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory, Peter Quinn (ESO) 11:30 Q&A 11:35 Screening of

  2. Vasserman ja Keerend rahvusvahelistel näitustel / Benjamin Vasserman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasserman, Benjamin

    2001-01-01

    17. VI-2. IX Kanada Quebeci provintsis Trois-Riviere'is toimuval II rahvusvahelisel graafikabiennaalil osaleb Benjamin Vasserman 7 graafilise lehega. Peapreemia - Tomoya Uchida graafiline sari "Nest". Valiknäituse "Triennial of One Hundred Cities" esimesel väljapanekul Dzierzoniowis osalesid Avo Keerend ja B. Vasserman, A. Keerendi töö "Vastasseis XII" on avaldatud näituse bukleti esikaanel. Itaalias Pisas 7.-14. VII toimunud III ülemaailmsel väikegraafika ja -maali näitusel "ITART 2001" pälvis B. Vassermani "Finalist" diplomi ja õiguse osaleda finalistide preemianäitusel Livornos.

  3. Parisuhdemuodon vaikutus perimykseen ja verotukseen

    OpenAIRE

    Paviala, Katriina

    2016-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytteessä tutkittiin parisuhdemuodon vaikutusta perimykseen ja verotukseen. Päätarkoituksena oli koota yhteen avioliiton verohyödyt ja tuoda esiin avo- ja avioliiton erot verotuksen ja perimyksen näkökulmasta. Tavoitteena oli, että työn luettuaan lukijalla on selkeä käsitys avioliiton eduista perimyksessä ja verotuksessa. Tutkimusmenetelmänä käytettiin kvalitatiivisia menetelmiä ja lainopillisia keinoja. Laadullisista tutkimusmenetelmistä hyödynnettiin tapaustutkimusta. Lähdemat...

  4. Eesti graafika rahvusvahelistel näitustel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Inga Heamägi ja Benjamin Vasserman osalevad 3. X-4. XII Bangkokis rahvusvahelisel graafika ja joonistuste näitusel "Interprint". Peapreemia - Katarina Vavrova Slovakkiast. 2003. a. Krakovi graafikatriennaalil pälvis peapreemia Davida Kidd Kanadast, aupeapreemia Toshihiro Hamano Jaapanist, Saksa panga preemia Eve Kask, Eestist osalevad näitusel I. Heamägi, Avo Keerend, Silvi Liiva, Ülle Marks ja Jüri Kass, Vive Tolli, Kelli Valk (Kagovere), B. Vasserman, näitusel "Intergrafia 2003" Niepolomice muuseumis osalevad Eestist A. Keerend, Peeter Laurits, Ü. Marks ja J. Kass, Andres Tali, V. Tolli, B. Vasserman, Vello Vinn

  5. Razvijmo sebe, druge in s tem svoj kraj

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušana Findeisen

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Dušana Findeisen v tem prispevku obravnava vprašanje, kako spodbuditi ljudi k soodgovornosti za lasten razvoj in razvoj kraja. Preučuje tudi, kako naj prebivalci postanejo soodgovorni za zadostitev lastnih potreb in potreb njihovega kraja. V zvezi s tem se dotakne vloge izobraževalca odraslih - animatorja lokalnih projektov. Poudarja tudi pomen navezovanja novih odnosov in razmerij med lokalnimi skupnostmi in državo ter uvajanje “strukturalne politike”, kot jo imenuje avtorica, za sistemsko pomoč razvoju lokalnih projektov. Nazadnje pa obravnava vlogo lokalnih projektov z vidika razvoja kraja.

  6. Hibiscus sabdariffa leaf polyphenolic extract induces human melanoma cell death, apoptosis, and autophagy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chun-Tang; Hsuan, Shu-Wen; Lin, Hui-Hsuan; Hsu, Cheng-Chin; Chou, Fen-Pi; Chen, Jing-Hsien

    2015-03-01

    Melanoma is the least common but most fatal form of skin cancer. Previous studies have indicated that an aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa leaves possess hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, and antioxidant effects. In this study, we want to investigate the anticancer activity of Hibiscus leaf polyphenolic (HLP) extract in melanoma cells. First, HLP was exhibited to be rich in epicatechin gallate (ECG) and other polyphenols. Apoptotic and autophagic activities of HLP and ECG were further evaluated by DAPI stain, cell-cycle analysis, and acidic vascular organelle (AVO) stain. Our results revealed that both HLP and ECG induced the caspases cleavages, Bcl-2 family proteins regulation, and Fas/FasL activation in A375 cells. In addition, we also revealed that the cells presented AVO-positive after HLP treatments. HLP could increase the expressions of autophagy-related proteins autophagy-related gene 5 (ATG5), Beclin1, and light chain 3-II (LC3-II), and induce autophagic cell death in A375 cells. These data indicated that the anticancer effect of HLP, partly contributed by ECG, in A375 cells. HLP potentially could be developed as an antimelanoma agent. © 2015 Institute of Food Technologists®

  7. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples; Jerome Eyer

    2001-01-01

    The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute, University of South Carolina is conducting a 14 month proof of concept study to determine the location and distribution of subsurface Dense Nonaqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) contamination at the 216-Z-9 crib, 200 West area, Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site, Washington by use of two-dimensional high resolution seismic reflection surveys and borehole geophysical data. The study makes use of recent advances in seismic reflection amplitude versus offset (AVO) technology to directly detect the presence of subsurface DNAPL. The techniques proposed are a noninvasive means towards site characterization and direct free-phase DNAPL detection. This report covers the results of Task 3 and change of scope of Tasks 4-6. Task 1 contains site evaluation and seismic modeling studies. The site evaluation consists of identifying and collecting preexisting geological and geophysical information regarding subsurface structure and the presence and quantity of DNAPL. The seismic modeling studies were undertaken to determine the likelihood that an AVO response exists and its probable manifestation. Task 2 is the design and acquisition of 2-D seismic reflection data designed to image areas of probable high concentration of DNAPL. Task 3 is the processing and interpretation of the 2-D data. Task 4, 5, and 6 were designing, acquiring, processing, and interpretation of a three dimensional seismic survey (3D) at the Z-9 crib area at 200 west area, Hanford

  8. Study of radiosensitization of chloroquine on esophageal cancer cell line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yuan Xiaoli; Li Tao; Huang Jianming; Zha Xiao; Deng Bifang; Lang Jinyi

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the possibility of chloroquine radiosensitization of esophageal cancer cell line TE-1 and its further mechanism. Methods: Effect of chloroquine on cell viability of TE-1 cells was determined by MTT method. Expression of LC3, Beclin-1 and formation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) were determined by Western blot, and fluorescence staining with Lyso-Tracker Red DND-99, respectively. Clonogenic survival of TE-1 cells was examined by clonogenic forming assay. Results: Chloroquine showed dose-dependent inhibition of TE-1 cell growth, and its values of IC_5_0 and IC_1_0 were (72.33±5.28) and (15.42±3.33) μmol/L, respectively. The expression of Beclin-1 and LC3-II/I markedly increased in irradiated TE-1 cells. The addition of chloroquine with IC_1_0 concentration significantly reduced the fluorescence and intensity of AVOs accumulation in the cytoplasm of TE-1 cells. Clonogenic survival fraction decreased obviously in TE-1 cells with addition of chloroquine after radiation and the value of SERD0 was 1.439. Conclusions: Chloroquine could radiosensitize esophageal cancer cells by blocking autophagy-lysosomal pathway and be used as a potential radiosensitizing strategy. (authors)

  9. A new 28Si single crystal: counting the atoms for the new kilogram definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartl, G.; Becker, P.; Beckhoff, B.; Bettin, H.; Beyer, E.; Borys, M.; Busch, I.; Cibik, L.; D'Agostino, G.; Darlatt, E.; Di Luzio, M.; Fujii, K.; Fujimoto, H.; Fujita, K.; Kolbe, M.; Krumrey, M.; Kuramoto, N.; Massa, E.; Mecke, M.; Mizushima, S.; Müller, M.; Narukawa, T.; Nicolaus, A.; Pramann, A.; Rauch, D.; Rienitz, O.; Sasso, C. P.; Stopic, A.; Stosch, R.; Waseda, A.; Wundrack, S.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, X. W.

    2017-10-01

    A new single crystal from isotopically enriched silicon was used to determine the Avogadro constant N A by the x-ray-crystal density method. The new crystal, named Si28-23Pr11, has a higher enrichment than the former ‘AVO28’ crystal allowing a smaller uncertainty of the molar mass determination. Again, two 1 kg spheres were manufactured from this crystal. The crystal and the spheres were measured with improved and new methods. One sphere, Si28kg01a, was measured at NMIJ and PTB with very consistent results. The other sphere, Si28kg01b, was measured only at PTB and yielded nearly the same Avogadro constant value. The mean result for both 1 kg spheres is N A  =  6.022 140 526(70)  ×  1023 mol-1 with a relative standard uncertainty of 1.2  ×  10-8. This value deviates from the Avogadro value published in 2015 for the AVO28 crystal by about 3.9(2.1)  ×  10-8. Possible reasons for this difference are discussed and additional measurements are proposed.

  10. Application of a Hybrid Detection and Location Scheme to Volcanic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurber, C. H.; Lanza, F.; Roecker, S. W.

    2017-12-01

    We are using a hybrid method for automated detection and onset estimation, called REST, that combines a modified version of the nearest-neighbor similarity scheme of Rawles and Thurber (2015; RT15) with the regression approach of Kushnir et al. (1990; K90). This approach incorporates some of the windowing ideas proposed by RT15 into the regression techniques described in K90. The K90 and RT15 algorithms both define an onset as that sample where a segment of noise at earlier times is most "unlike" a segment of data at later times; the main difference between the approaches is how one defines "likeness." Hence, it is fairly straightforward to adapt the RT15 ideas to a K90 approach. We also incorporated the running mean normalization scheme of Bensen et al. (2007), used in ambient noise pre-processing, to reduce the effects of coherent signals (such as earthquakes) in defining noise segments. This is especially useful for aftershock sequences, when the persistent high amplitudes due to many earthquakes biases the true noise level. We use the fall-off of the K90 estimation function to assign uncertainties and the asymmetry of the function as a causality constraint. The detection and onset estimation stage is followed by iterative pick association and event location using a grid-search method. Some fine-tuning of some parameters is generally required for optimal results. We present 2 applications of this scheme to data from volcanic systems: Makushin volcano, Alaska, and Laguna del Maule (LdM), Chile. In both cases, there are permanent seismic networks, operated by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) and Observatorio Volcanológico de Los Andes del Sur (OVDAS), respectively, and temporary seismic arrays were deployed for a year or more. For Makushin, we have analyzed a year of data, from summer 2015 to summer 2016. The AVO catalog has 691 events in our study volume; REST processing yields 1784 more events. After quality control, the event numbers are 151 AVO events and

  11. Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Batzle

    2006-04-30

    During this last period of the ''Seismic Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Saturation in Deep-Water Reservoirs'' project (Grant/Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-02NT15342), we finalized integration of rock physics, well log analysis, seismic processing, and forward modeling techniques. Most of the last quarter was spent combining the results from the principal investigators and come to some final conclusions about the project. Also much of the effort was directed towards technology transfer through the Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators mini-symposium at UH and through publications. As a result we have: (1) Tested a new method to directly invert reservoir properties, water saturation, Sw, and porosity from seismic AVO attributes; (2) Constrained the seismic response based on fluid and rock property correlations; (3) Reprocessed seismic data from Ursa field; (4) Compared thin layer property distributions and averaging on AVO response; (5) Related pressures and sorting effects on porosity and their influence on DHI's; (6) Examined and compared gas saturation effects for deep and shallow reservoirs; (7) Performed forward modeling using geobodies from deepwater outcrops; (8) Documented velocities for deepwater sediments; (9) Continued incorporating outcrop descriptive models in seismic forward models; (10) Held an open DHI symposium to present the final results of the project; (11) Relations between Sw, porosity, and AVO attributes; (12) Models of Complex, Layered Reservoirs; and (14) Technology transfer Several factors can contribute to limit our ability to extract accurate hydrocarbon saturations in deep water environments. Rock and fluid properties are one factor, since, for example, hydrocarbon properties will be considerably different with great depths (high pressure) when compared to shallow properties. Significant over pressure, on the other hand will make the rocks behave as if they were shallower. In addition to the physical properties, the scale and

  12. Alaska - Russian Far East connection in volcano research and monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izbekov, P. E.; Eichelberger, J. C.; Gordeev, E.; Neal, C. A.; Chebrov, V. N.; Girina, O. A.; Demyanchuk, Y. V.; Rybin, A. V.

    2012-12-01

    The Kurile-Kamchatka-Alaska portion of the Pacific Rim of Fire spans for nearly 5400 km. It includes more than 80 active volcanoes and averages 4-6 eruptions per year. Resulting ash clouds travel for hundreds to thousands of kilometers defying political borders. To mitigate volcano hazard to aviation and local communities, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) and the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (IVS), in partnership with the Kamchatkan Branch of the Geophysical Survey of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KBGS), have established a collaborative program with three integrated components: (1) volcano monitoring with rapid information exchange, (2) cooperation in research projects at active volcanoes, and (3) volcanological field schools for students and young scientists. Cooperation in volcano monitoring includes dissemination of daily information on the state of volcanic activity in neighboring regions, satellite and visual data exchange, as well as sharing expertise and technologies between AVO and the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) and Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT). Collaboration in scientific research is best illustrated by involvement of AVO, IVS, and KBGS faculty and graduate students in mutual international studies. One of the most recent examples is the NSF-funded Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE)-Kamchatka project focusing on multi-disciplinary study of Bezymianny volcano in Kamchatka. This international project is one of many that have been initiated as a direct result of a bi-annual series of meetings known as Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP) workshops that we organize together with colleagues from Hokkaido University, Japan. The most recent JKASP meeting was held in August 2011 in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and brought together more than 130 scientists and students from Russia, Japan, and the United States. The key educational component of our collaborative program

  13. Exploring the Digital Universe with Europe's Astrophysical Virtual Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    Vast Databanks at the Astronomers' Fingertips Summary A new European initiative called the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) is being launched to provide astronomers with a breathtaking potential for new discoveries. It will enable them to seamlessly combine the data from both ground- and space-based telescopes which are making observations of the Universe across the whole range of wavelengths - from high-energy gamma rays through the ultraviolet and visible to the infrared and radio. The aim of the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (AVO) project, which started on 15 November 2001, is to allow astronomers instant access to the vast databanks now being built up by the world's observatories and which are forming what is, in effect, a "digital sky" . Using the AVO, astronomers will, for example, be able to retrieve the elusive traces of the passage of an asteroid as it passes near the Earth and so enable them to predict its future path and perhaps warn of a possible impact. When a giant star comes to the end of its life in a cataclysmic explosion called a supernova, they will be able to access the digital sky and pinpoint the star shortly before it exploded so adding invaluable data to the study of the evolution of stars. Background information on the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory is available in the Appendix. PR Photo 34a/01 : The Astrophysical Virtual Observatory - an artist's impression. The rapidly accumulating database ESO PR Photo 34a/01 ESO PR Photo 34a/01 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 345 pix - 90k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 689 pix - 656k] [Hi-Res - JPEG: 3000 x 2582 pix - 4.3M] ESO PR Photo 34a/01 shows an artist's impression of the Astrophysical Virtual Observatory . Modern observatories observe the sky continuously and data accumulates remorselessly in the digital archives. The growth rate is impressive and many hundreds of terabytes of data - corresponding to many thousands of billions of pixels - are already available to scientists. The real sky is being

  14. DVOJNA OBDAVČITEV DOHODKOV V EU IN V SLOVENIJI IN NJEN VPLIV NA MIGRACIJSKE TOKOVE

    OpenAIRE

    Smrečnik, Sabina

    2017-01-01

    Vse več ljudi se zaradi vedno lažjega načina selitev in osebnih ali kakršnih koli drugih razlogov odloča, da se preselijo v drugo državo. Pri tem se soočajo z različnimi težavami, drugačno kulturo, tujim jezikom, spremenjenim načinom življenja in tudi z ureditvijo rezidentstva ter dvojnimi davki. Migracije poznamo že iz zgodovine. Ljudje so se zaradi najrazličnejših vzrokov preseljevali. Tudi danes se veliko selimo, naj gre le za vsakodnevne migracije iz kraja v kraj oziroma med bližnjimi ...

  15. In memoriam 2002

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Maailm: Kenneth Armitage (18. VII 1916-22. I), Eduardo Chillida (10. I 1924-19. VIII), Ruth Handler (4. IV 1916-27. IV), Yousuf Karsh (23. XII 1908-14. VII), Roberto Matta (11. XI 1911-23. XI). Eesti: Endel Kaldmäe (12. VII 1918-15. XII), Tiia Kelomees-Johannson (8. IX 1965-11. VI), Salme Kirsimäe (6. XI 1919-1. IV), Maret Kuke (9. X 1926-2. VII), Diana Laev (21. XI 1919-31. VIII), Pauline Leps (16. XI 1903-5. III), Avo-Himm Looveer (16. VIII 1941- 1. V), Jüri Palm (14. IV 1937-27. IV), Agu Pilt (26. VIII 1951-11. III), Valve Pormeister (13. IV 1922-27. X), Eugen Sacharias (21. IV 1906-13. III), Lilian Schönberg (25. IV 1934-10. X), Laine Sisa (12. II 1931-20. II)

  16. Mud-filtrate correction of sonic logs by fluid substitution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Morten Kanne

    structures. Making reliable discoveries in challenging conditions requires an increasing level of detail in seismic interpretation. Advanced seismic processing as Amplitude-Versus-Offset (AVO) analysis, have become commonplace in seismic interpretation. These techniques involves comparison with synthetic...... of wetting phase saturation, and the clay content. When the water saturation is at the irreducible water saturation or higher only the effect of clay on the elastic velocities have a differential effect on the elastic velocities. Mixed saturations are fluid substituted using effective fluid moduli formulated...... as a set of bounds by Mavko and Mukerji (1998). Ultrasonic velocity data from the literature shows that these bounds applies most accurately to sandstones with a simple pore-space, as reflected in a high permeability and low clay fraction....

  17. Environmental Monitoring Plan, Nevada Test Site and support facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-11-01

    This Operational Area Monitoring Plan for environmental monitoring, is for EG ampersand G Energy Measurements, Inc. (EG ampersand G/EM) which operates several offsite facilities in support of activities at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These facilities include: (1) Amador Valley Operations (AVO), Pleasanton, California; (2) Kirtland Operations (KO), Kirtland Air Force base, Albuquerque, New Mexico (KAFB); (3) Las Vegas Area Operations (LVAO), Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL), and North Las Vegas (NLV) Complex at Nellis Air Force Base (NAFB), North Las Vegas, Nevada; (4) Los Alamos Operations (LAO), Los Alamos, New Mexico; (5) Santa Barbara Operations (SBO), Goleta, California; (6) Special Technologies Laboratory (STL), Santa Barbara, California; (7) Washington Aerial Measurements Department (WAMD), Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland; and, (8) Woburn Cathode Ray Tube Operations (WCO), Woburn, Massachusetts. Each of these facilities has an individual Operational Area Monitoring Plan, but they have been consolidated herein to reduce redundancy

  18. Načrtovanje in optimizacija brezžičnega merilnega sistema z Wi-Fi modulom

    OpenAIRE

    RAŽMAN, ROK

    2015-01-01

    Namen tega dela je opisati načrtovanje in optimizacijo delovanja brezžičnega merilnega sistema, ki zajema mikrokrmnilnik, Wi-Fi modul in napajalno vezje, in je priključen na ciljni senzor. Umeščen bo v zelo omejen prostor in to predstavlja precejšno težavo z vidika načrtovanja. Vir napajanja je omrežna izmenična napetost, kar pomeni, da mora sistem vključevati majhen, a dovolj zmogljiv AC-DC pretvornik. Največji porabnik toka v sistemu je Wi-Fi modul. Vse omejitve morajo biti upoštevane in vs...

  19. Deepwater Gulf of Mexico more profitable than previously thought

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Craig, M.J.K.; Hyde, S.T.

    1997-01-01

    Economic evaluations and recent experience show that the deepwater Gulf of Mexico (GOM) is much more profitable than previously thought. Four factors contributing to the changed viewpoint are: First, deepwater reservoirs have proved to have excellent productive capacity, distribution, and continuity when compared to correlative-age shelf deltaic sands. Second, improved technologies and lower perceived risks have lowered the cost of floating production systems (FPSs). Third, projects now get on-line quicker. Fourth, a collection of other important factors are: Reduced geologic risk and associated high success rates for deepwater GOM wells due primarily to improved seismic imaging and processing tools (3D, AVO, etc.); absence of any political risk in the deepwater GOM (common overseas, and very significant in some international areas); and positive impact of deepwater federal royalty relief. This article uses hypothetical reserve distributions and price forecasts to illustrate indicative economics of deepwater prospects. Economics of Shell Oil Co.'s three deepwater projects are also discussed

  20. A Rock Physics Feasibility Study of the Geothermal Gassum Reservoir, Copenhagen Area, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredesen, Kenneth; Dalgaard, Esben Borch; Mathiesen, Anders

    The subsurface of Denmark stores significant amounts of renewable geothermal energy which may contribute to domestic heating for centuries. However, establishing a successful geothermal plant with robust production capacity require reservoirs with sufficient high porosity and permeability. Modern...... quantitative seismic interpretation is a good approach to de-risk prospects and gain reservoir insight, but is so far not widely used for geothermal applications. In this study we perform a rock physics feasibility study as a pre-step towards quantitative seismic interpretation of geothermal reservoirs......, primarily in areas around Copenhagen. The results argue that it may be possible to use AVO and seismic inversion data to distinguish geothermal sandstone reservoirs from surrounding shales and to estimate porosity and permeability. Moreover, this study may represent new possibilities for future rock physics...

  1. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Jerome Eyer

    2003-01-01

    The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute, University of South Carolina is conducting a proof of concept study to determine the location and distribution of subsurface DNAPL carbon tetrachloride (CCl{sub 4}) contamination at the 216-Z-9 crib, 200 West area, DOE Hanford Site, Washington by use of two-dimensional high-resolution seismic reflection surveys and borehole geophysical data. The study makes use of recent advances in seismic reflection amplitude versus offset (AVO) technology to directly detect the presence of subsurface DNAPL. The techniques proposed are noninvasive means of site characterization and direct free-phase DNAPL detection. This final report covers the results of Tasks 1, 2, and 3. Task (1) contains site evaluation and seismic modeling studies. The site evaluation consists of identifying and collecting preexisting geological and geophysical information regarding subsurface structure and the presence and quantity of DNAPL. The seismic modeling studies were undertaken to determine the likelihood that an AVO response exists and its probable manifestation. Task (2) is the design and acquisition of 2-D seismic reflection data to image areas of probable high concentration of DNAPL. Task (3) is the processing and interpretation of the 2-D data. During the commission of these tasks four seismic reflection profiles were collected. Subsurface velocity information was obtained by vertical seismic profile surveys in three wells. The interpretation of these data is in two parts. Part one is the construction and interpretation of structural contour maps of the contact between the Hanford Fine unit and the underlying Plio/Pleistocene unit and of the contact between the Plio/Pleistocene unit and the underlying caliche layer. These two contacts were determined to be the most likely surfaces to contain the highest concentration CCl{sub 4}. Part two of the interpretation uses the results of the AVO modeling to locate any seismic amplitude anomalies that might be

  2. Recovery of seismic attributes by using the amplitude zero offset migration; Recuperacao de atributos sismicos utilizando a migracao para afastamento nulo em verdadeira amplitude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasquez, Angela Cristina Romero

    1999-07-01

    In the present work a method was developed to extract reflections coefficients after applying amplitude zero offset migration (TA MZO) on synthetic seismic data composed of several common offset sections. Sorting to the common mid point domain (CMP) provides the conventional amplitude versus offset curve directly. A second MZO application with different weights provides an estimation of incident angles, transforming AVO in AVA. Four models were developed with this objective, which basic difference is the structural complexity. One of these models is based on Brazilian turbidity reservoir of Neo-Albian age and proves the wide applicability of this methodology on reservoir characterization. Final, AVA results were compared with the theoretical AVA, quantifying the relative errors between them.

  3. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Waddell, Michael G.; Domoracki, William J.; Eyer, Jerome

    2003-01-01

    The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute, University of South Carolina is conducting a proof of concept study to determine the location and distribution of subsurface DNAPL carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) contamination at the 216-Z-9 crib, 200 West area, DOE Hanford Site, Washington by use of two-dimensional high-resolution seismic reflection surveys and borehole geophysical data. The study makes use of recent advances in seismic reflection amplitude versus offset (AVO) technology to directly detect the presence of subsurface DNAPL. The techniques proposed are noninvasive means of site characterization and direct free-phase DNAPL detection. This final report covers the results of Tasks 1, 2, and 3. Task (1) contains site evaluation and seismic modeling studies. The site evaluation consists of identifying and collecting preexisting geological and geophysical information regarding subsurface structure and the presence and quantity of DNAPL. The seismic modeling studies were undertaken to determine the likelihood that an AVO response exists and its probable manifestation. Task (2) is the design and acquisition of 2-D seismic reflection data to image areas of probable high concentration of DNAPL. Task (3) is the processing and interpretation of the 2-D data. During the commission of these tasks four seismic reflection profiles were collected. Subsurface velocity information was obtained by vertical seismic profile surveys in three wells. The interpretation of these data is in two parts. Part one is the construction and interpretation of structural contour maps of the contact between the Hanford Fine unit and the underlying Plio/Pleistocene unit and of the contact between the Plio/Pleistocene unit and the underlying caliche layer. These two contacts were determined to be the most likely surfaces to contain the highest concentration CCl 4 . Part two of the interpretation uses the results of the AVO modeling to locate any seismic amplitude anomalies that might be

  4. Full Waveform Inversion for Reservoir Characterization - A Synthetic Study

    KAUST Repository

    Zabihi Naeini, E.

    2017-05-26

    Most current reservoir-characterization workflows are based on classic amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) inversion techniques. Although these methods have generally served us well over the years, here we examine full-waveform inversion (FWI) as an alternative tool for higher-resolution reservoir characterization. An important step in developing reservoir-oriented FWI is the implementation of facies-based rock physics constraints adapted from the classic methods. We show that such constraints can be incorporated into FWI by adding appropriately designed regularization terms to the objective function. The advantages of the proposed algorithm are demonstrated on both isotropic and VTI (transversely isotropic with a vertical symmetry axis) models with pronounced lateral and vertical heterogeneity. The inversion results are explained using the theoretical radiation patterns produced by perturbations in the medium parameters.

  5. Common-image gathers in the offset domain from reverse-time migration

    KAUST Repository

    Zhan, Ge

    2014-04-01

    Kirchhoff migration is flexible to output common-image gathers (CIGs) in the offset domain by imaging data with different offsets separately. These CIGs supply important information for velocity model updates and amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) analysis. Reverse-time migration (RTM) offers more insights into complex geology than Kirchhoff migration by accurately describing wave propagation using the two-way wave equation. But, it has difficulty to produce offset domain CIGs like Kirchhoff migration. In this paper, we develop a method for obtaining offset domain CIGs from RTM. The method first computes the RTM operator of an offset gather, followed by a dot product of the operator and the offset data to form a common-offset RTM image. The offset domain CIGs are then achieved after separately migrating data with different offsets. We generate offset domain CIGs on both the Marmousi synthetic data and 2D Gulf of Mexico real data using this approach. © 2014.

  6. Rock-physics modelling of the North Sea greensand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hossain, Zakir

    cemented, whereas Ty Formation is characterized by microcrystalline quartz cement. A series of laboratory experiments including core analysis, capillary pressure measurements, NMR T2 measurements, acoustic velocity measurements, electrical properties measurements and CO2 injection experiments were done...... cementation and berthierine cementation. Initially greensand is a mixture of mainly quartz and glauconite; when weakly cemented, it has relatively low elastic modulus and can be modeled by a Hertz-Mindlin contact model of two types of grains. Silica-cemented greensand has a relatively high elastic modulus...... and can be modeled by an intermediate-stiff-sand or a stiff-sand model. Berthierine cement has a different growth patterns in different part of the greensand, resulting in a soft-sand model and an intermediate-stiff-sand model. The second rock-physical model predicts Vp-Vs relations and AVO of a greensand...

  7. TEMATİK TELEVİZYON VE ÇOCUK: İLKÖĞRETİM ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN TELEVİZYON İZLEME ALIŞKANLIKLARI

    OpenAIRE

    DOĞAN, Adem; GÖKER, Göksel

    2012-01-01

    Televizyonun günümüz toplumunda en fazla etkilediği hatta bağımlılıkyaptığı kesimlerin başında çocuklar gelmektedir. Olayları algılama düzeyleri veyorumlama yetenekleri gelişme aşamasında olan çocuklar, özellikle tematikçocuk kanallarının yayına başlamasıyla birlikte yeni bir televizyon yayıncılığıanlayışının etkilerine maruz kalmışlardır. Bu çalışmada Elazığ örneğinden hareketle, televizyonun çocukları üzerindeki potansiyel olumlu ve olumsuz etkileri,tematik çocuk kanallarının yayıncılık anl...

  8. ŞİDDET MAĞDURU KADINLARIN ERKEKLİK TANIMLAMALARI: BURDUR İLİ ÖZELİNDE BİR ÇALIŞMA - MASCULINITY DEFINITION OF WOMEN VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE: A CASE STUDY IN BURDUR, TURKEY

    OpenAIRE

    DEMEZ, Gönül; SEVAL, Hale Nur

    2018-01-01

    Buçalışmanın odağını,  fiziksel, sözel,cinsel şiddete maruz kalmış ve Burdur Aile ve Sosyal Politikalar İl Müdürlüğünebağlı Kadın Konukevi Müdürlüğü’nden hizmet almakta olan farklı (ekonomik durum,yaş, medeni durum, eğitim durumu) kategorilerden kadınların, toplumsal cinsiyetkalıpları anlamında erkeklik rollerine ilişkin anlamlandırma ve yargılarının ortayaçıkarılması; bu bağlamda şiddet deneyimleri ile erkeklik algıları arasındakiilişkinin irdelenmesi oluşturmaktadır. Yüz yüze derinlemesine ...

  9. ABDULRAZAK GURNAH’NIN “DESERTION” ADLI ROMANININ POSTKOLONYAL OKUMASI

    OpenAIRE

    GEÇİKLİ, Kubilay

    2015-01-01

    Sömürgecilik tarihi ve farklı coğrafyalarda sömürgecilik sonrası beliren siyasal ve kültürel oluşumlar belli çağdaş edebi ve eleştirel yaklaşımların ortaya çıkmasına doğrudan etkisini bırakmış tarihsel olgulardır. Özellikle Afrika, Asya ve Karayipler coğrafyasında yetişmiş olan postkolonyal yazarlar, postkolonyal edebiyatın sıkça ilgilendiği kimlik, arada kalmışlık ve sömürgecilik döneminin mirası gibi temaları eserlerinin ana unsurları olarak kullanmışlardır. Postkolonyal dönemin önde gelen ...

  10. Uued raamatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Constructed happiness - domestic environment in the cold war era / Võistlevad õnned - elukeskkond külma sõja perioodil (EKA, 2005; toimetajad Mart Kalm, Ingrid Ruudi, kujundajad Martin Lazarev, Tiit Lepp, Andrus Kõresaar); Ruumipilt : Eesti parimad interjöörid ja disain : konkurss 2004 / Eesti Sisearhitektide Liit (Minuskel, 2005; projektijuht Mati Veermets, kujundaja Tiiu Prisko, tekstid: Ell-Maaja Randküla); Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ajakirja 1. number (toimetajad Karolin Kuusik, Kristina Paju, kujundajad Kadri-Maria Mitt, Tuuli Aule, fotod: Tatjana Muravskaja); Eesti Kunstiakadeemia lõputööd 2005 (EKA, 2005; koostajad Karin Laansoo, Alo Paistik, kujundajad T. Aule, K.-M. Mitt, fotograafid Pelle Kalmo, Riikka Tauriainen, Anu Vahtra); Hallas-Murula, Karin. Suurlinn Tallinn : Eliel Saarineni "Suur-Tallinna" projekt. 1913 (Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2005; kujundaja Tiit Jürna); Kivi, Raul-Levroit. Tartu planeerimisest ja arhitektuurist : artikleid ja mälestusi (Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2005; koostajad Jaan Malin, K. Hallas-Murula); Arhitektuuriaasta 2004 : arhitektuuripreemiate nominendid (Solnessi Arhitektuurikirjastus, 2005; tekst: Epp Lankots, kujundaja Arhitektuuri Domeen); Archiprix International 2005 : world's best graduation projects (Rotterdam, 2005; EKA lõpetanud arhitektidest on publitseeritud Ralf Lõokese magistritöö "Superrand")

  11. Ağrı İlinin Kırsal Turizm Potansiyelinin Değerlendirilmesi

    OpenAIRE

    YAZGAN, Şekip; KADANALI, Esra

    2015-01-01

    Farklı turizm aktivitelerine (kültür, termal, inanç, dağ ve doğa, yayla, kış, mağara, kuş gözetleme) imkân sağlayan tarihi, doğal ve kültürel zenginliklere sahip olan Ağrı, sosyo- ekonomik açıdan ülkenin en geri kalmış illerinden birisidir. Büyük bir tarihi mirası barındırmasına ve coğrafi güzelliklerine rağmen, Ağrı kırsal turizm boyutuyla hak ettiği ilgiyi görememektedir. Çalışmanın amacı, Ağrı ilinin kırsal turizm potansiyelini ortaya koymak ve bu potansiyelden yararlanma yöntemlerini tart...

  12. IDEOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE TEXTS OF FOLK LITERATURE AT THE PERIOD OF USSR: IN THE CONTEXT OF ALANKAY BATIR HALK EDEBİYATI METİNLERİNE SOVYETLER BİRLİĞİ DÖNEMİNDE İDEOLOJİK YAKLAŞIM: ALANKAY BATIR ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent BAYRAM

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk Literature was under the ideologic pressure during the USSR period. From time to time it was prohibited to publish some of the literary works. Some of the works were published after they had undergone some change with the excuse that they convey idiology opposite to that of the USSR. Some of the chapters were dropped out of the literary Works: for example, this kind of changes have been done to the Epic of Alankay Batır of the Kazak Turks. Halk edebiyatı eserleri Sovyetler Birliği’nde ideolojik baskılara maruz kalmıştır. Zaman zaman bazı eserlerin yayınlanması tamamen yasaklanmıştır. Bazı eserler de Sovyet ideolojisine ters düştüğü gerekçesiyle değiştirilerek yayınlanmıştır. Bazı bölümler eserlerden çıkarılmıştır. Kazak Türklerinin Alankay Batır destanında da bu tür oynamalar görülmektedir. Elde bulunan orijinal nüsha ile yayınlanan nüsha arasındaki farklılıklar bunu açıkça göstermektedir.

  13. PBO Operations in Alaska and Cascadia, Combining Regions and Collaborating with our Regional Partners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, K. E.; Boyce, E. S.; Dausz, K.; Feaux, K.; Mattioli, G. S.; Pyatt, C.; Willoughby, H.; Woolace, A. C.

    2015-12-01

    During the last year, the Alaska and the Cascadia regions of the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) network were combined into a single management unit. While both remain distinct regions with their own challenges and engineering staff, every effort has been made to operate as a single team to improve efficiency and provide the highest possible data quality and uptime. Over the last several years a concerted effort has been made to work collaboratively with other institutions and stakeholders to defray ongoing costs by sharing staff and resources. UNAVCO currently operates four integrated GPS/seismic stations in collaboration with the Alaska Earthquake Center, eight with the Alaska Volcano Observatory, and three with the EarthScope TA. By the end of 2015, PBO and TA plan to install another 3 integrated and/or co-located geodetic and seismic systems. While most of these are designed around existing PBO stations, the 2014 installation at Middleton Island is a new station for both groups, providing PBO with an opportunity to expand geodetic data in Alaska. There were two major joint maintenance efforts in 2015:, the largest was a 5 day mission among PBO, AVO, and TA, which shared boat, helicopter, and staff on and around Augustine Volcano; the second, was a 10 day helicopter mission shared between AVO and PBO on Unimak Island. PBO Pacific Northwest is working closely with University of Washington to co-locate at least 9 Earthquake Early Warning Systems, which include the addition of strong motion sensors and high speed RT telemetry at PBO sites. The project is managed by University of Washington but UNAVCO is providing land contact information and infrastructure support. Summer 2015 upgrades include a complete overhaul of aging radio technology at two major networks and several small radio networks in Cascadia. The upgrades will increase reliability and enhance the speed of existing telemetry infrastructure and will continue through summer 2018.

  14. Correlations among three measures of puberty in mice and relationships with estradiol concentration and ovulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safranski, T J; Lamberson, W R; Keisler, D H

    1993-03-01

    Correlations among ages and weights at vaginal opening (AVO, WVO), positive vaginal smear (AVE, WVE), and copulatory plug (AVP, WVP) were determined using 623 mice. Two additional experiments were conducted to determine association of each with serum concentrations of estradiol and incidence of ovulation. Female mice were weaned at 21 days and 24 days of age were assigned randomly to mate with males. Mice were checked daily to determine AVO, AVE, and AVP. Mice were weighted weekly and WVO, WVE, and WVP were obtained by interpolation. Genetic correlations among ages and weights were small and mainly negative. Phenotypic correlations were small to moderate and mainly positive. Genetic correlations among the three measures of age and among the three measures of weight were moderate to high and positive; respective phenotypic correlations were somewhat smaller. In experiment 2, mice were checked daily for the three reproductive measures and bled at vaginal opening (n = 23), positive smear (n = 18), or copulatory plug (n = 19). Serum was assayed for estradiol via radioimmunoassay. No differences were found among the three indicators (p = 0.34). In experiment 3, mice were randomly assigned to be killed after detection of vaginal opening, positive smear, or copulatory plug. Oviducts were removed and flushed with saline to determine presence of ova. A greater (p < 0.05) proportion of mice had ovulated when killed after detection of copulatory plug (20/22) than after positive smear (4/27), and the proportion was greater after positive smear than after vaginal opening (0/14).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  15. Satellite monitoring of remote volcanoes improves study efforts in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, K.; Servilla, M.; Roach, A.; Foster, B.; Engle, K.

    Satellite monitoring of remote volcanoes is greatly benefitting the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), and last year's eruption of the Okmok Volcano in the Aleutian Islands is a good case in point. The facility was able to issue and refine warnings of the eruption and related activity quickly, something that could not have been done using conventional seismic surveillance techniques, since seismometers have not been installed at these locations.AVO monitors about 100 active volcanoes in the North Pacific (NOPAC) region, but only a handful are observed by costly and logistically complex conventional means. The region is remote and vast, about 5000 × 2500 km, extending from Alaska west to the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia (Figure 1). Warnings are transmitted to local communities and airlines that might be endangered by eruptions. More than 70,000 passenger and cargo flights fly over the region annually, and airborne volcanic ash is a threat to them. Many remote eruptions have been detected shortly after the initial magmatic activity using satellite data, and eruption clouds have been tracked across air traffic routes. Within minutes after eruptions are detected, information is relayed to government agencies, private companies, and the general public using telephone, fax, and e-mail. Monitoring of volcanoes using satellite image data involves direct reception, real-time monitoring, and data analysis. Two satellite data receiving stations, located at the Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), are capable of receiving data from the advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) polar orbiting satellites and from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) equipped satellites.

  16. Sex differences in the oxygen delivery, extraction, and uptake during moderate-walking exercise transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltrame, Thomas; Villar, Rodrigo; Hughson, Richard L

    2017-09-01

    Previous studies in children and older adults demonstrated faster oxygen uptake (V̇O 2 ) kinetics in males compared with females, but young healthy adults have not been studied. We hypothesized that young men would have faster aerobic system dynamics in response to the onset of exercise than women. Interactions between oxygen supply and utilization were characterized by the dynamics of V̇O 2 , deoxyhemoglobin (HHb), tissue saturation index (TSI), cardiac output (Q̇), and calculated arteriovenous O 2 difference (a-vO 2 diff ) in women and men. Eighteen healthy active young women and men (9 of each sex) with similar aerobic fitness levels volunteered for this study. Participants performed an incremental cardiopulmonary treadmill exercise test and 3 moderate-intensity treadmill exercise tests (at 80% V̇O 2 of gas exchange threshold). Data related to the moderate exercise were submitted to exponential data modelling to obtain parameters related to the aerobic system dynamics. The time constants of V̇O 2 , a-vO 2 diff , HHb, and TSI (30 ± 6, 29 ± 1, 16 ± 1, and 15 ± 2 s, respectively) in women were statistically (p < 0.05) faster than the time constants in men (42 ± 10, 49 ± 21, 19 ± 3, and 20 ± 4 s, respectively). Although Q̇ dynamics were not statistically different (p = 0.06) between groups, there was a trend to slower Q̇ dynamics in men corresponding with the slower V̇O 2 kinetics. These results indicated that the peripheral and pulmonary oxygen extraction dynamics were remarkably faster in women. Thus, contrary to the hypothesis, V̇O 2 dynamics measured at the mouth at the onset of submaximal treadmill walking were faster in women compared with men.

  17. Integrating SAR and derived products into operational volcano monitoring and decision support systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, F. J.; McAlpin, D. B.; Gong, W.; Ajadi, O.; Arko, S.; Webley, P. W.; Dehn, J.

    2015-02-01

    Remote sensing plays a critical role in operational volcano monitoring due to the often remote locations of volcanic systems and the large spatial extent of potential eruption pre-cursor signals. Despite the all-weather capabilities of radar remote sensing and its high performance in monitoring of change, the contribution of radar data to operational monitoring activities has been limited in the past. This is largely due to: (1) the high costs associated with radar data; (2) traditionally slow data processing and delivery procedures; and (3) the limited temporal sampling provided by spaceborne radars. With this paper, we present new data processing and data integration techniques that mitigate some of these limitations and allow for a meaningful integration of radar data into operational volcano monitoring decision support systems. Specifically, we present fast data access procedures as well as new approaches to multi-track processing that improve near real-time data access and temporal sampling of volcanic systems with SAR data. We introduce phase-based (coherent) and amplitude-based (incoherent) change detection procedures that are able to extract dense time series of hazard information from these data. For a demonstration, we present an integration of our processing system with an operational volcano monitoring system that was developed for use by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO). Through an application to a historic eruption, we show that the integration of SAR into systems such as AVO can significantly improve the ability of operational systems to detect eruptive precursors. Therefore, the developed technology is expected to improve operational hazard detection, alerting, and management capabilities.

  18. Surface layer determination for the Si spheres of the Avogadro project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busch, I.; Azuma, Y.; Bettin, H.; Cibik, L.; Fuchs, P.; Fujii, K.; Krumrey, M.; Kuetgens, U.; Kuramoto, N.; Mizushima, S.

    2011-04-01

    For the accurate determination of the Avogadro constant, two 28Si spheres were produced, whose macroscopic density, in addition to other values, must be determined. To make a contribution to the new definition of the kilogram, a relative standard uncertainty of less than 2 × 10-8 has to be achieved. Each silicon surface is covered by a surface layer (SL). Consequently, correction parameters for the SL are determined to be applied to the mass and volume determination of the enriched spheres. With the use of a large set of surface analysing techniques, the structure of the SL is investigated. An unexpected metallic contamination existing on the sphere surface enlarges the uncertainty contribution of the correction parameters above the originally targeted value of 1 × 10-8. In the framework of this investigation this new obstacle is resolved in two ways. A new combination of analytical methods is applied to measure the SL mass mSL and the thickness dSL, including this new contamination, with an uncertainty of u(mSL) = 14.5 µg and 14.4 µg, respectively, and u(dSL) = 0.33 nm and 0.32 nm for the 28Si spheres AVO28-S5 and AVO28-S8, respectively. In the second part of the work, the chemical composition of these metallic contaminations is found to be Cu, Ni and Zn silicide compounds. For the removal of this contamination, a special procedure is developed, tested and applied to the spheres to produce the originally expected surface structure on the spheres. After the application of this new procedure the use of x-ray reflectometry directly at the spheres will be possible. It is expected to reduce the uncertainty contribution due to the SL down to 1 × 10-8.

  19. Lysosomes and unfolded protein response, determinants of differential resistance of melanoma cells to vinca alkaloids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, Laure-Anais; Attaoua, Chaker; Bellis, Michel; Rozkydalova, Lucie; Hadj-Kaddour, Kamel; Vian, Laurence; Cuq, Pierre

    2015-04-01

    On account of its strong ability to become chemoresistant after a primary response to drugs, malignant melanoma (MM) remains a therapeutic challenge. This study focuses on acquired resistance to vinca alkaloids (VAs) using VA-resistant MM cell lines (CAL1R-VCR, CAL1R-VDS, and CAL1R-VRB), established by long-term continuous exposure of parental CAL1-wt cells to vincristine (VCR), vindesine (VDS), or vinorelbine (VRB), respectively. Transcriptomic profiling using rma and rdam methods led to distinguish two cell groups: CAL1R-VCR and CAL1R-VDS, CAL1R-VRB, and CAL1-wt. mgsa of the specifically altered genes in the first group evidenced the GO terms 'lysosomal lumen' and 'vacuolar lumen' linked to underexpressed genes, and 'endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response' associated with overexpressed genes. A specific reduction of lysosomal enzymes, independent of acidic vacuole organelle (AVO) turnover, was observed (LTG probe) in CAL1R-VCR and CAL1R-VDS cells. It was associated with the specific lowering of cathepsin B and L, known to be involved in the lysosomal pathway of apoptosis. Confirming gene profiling, the same groups (CAL1R-VCR and CAL1R-VDS, CAL1-wt and CAL1R-VRB) could be distinguished regarding the VA-mediated changes on mean size areas and on acidic compartment volumes. These two parameters were reduced in CAL1R-VCR and CAL1R-VDS cells, suggesting a smaller AVO accumulation and thus a reduced sensitivity to lysosomal membrane permeabilization-mediated apoptosis. In addition, 'ER stress response' inhibition by tauroursodeoxycholic acid induced a higher VA sensitization of the first cell group. In conclusion, lysosomes and unfolded protein response could be key determinants of the differential resistance of MM to VAs. © 2015 Société Française de Pharmacologie et de Thérapeutique.

  20. A volcanic activity alert-level system for aviation: review of its development and application in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffanti, Marianne; Miller, Thomas P.

    2013-01-01

    An alert-level system for communicating volcano hazard information to the aviation industry was devised by the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) during the 1989–1990 eruption of Redoubt Volcano. The system uses a simple, color-coded ranking that focuses on volcanic ash emissions: Green—normal background; Yellow—signs of unrest; Orange—precursory unrest or minor ash eruption; Red—major ash eruption imminent or underway. The color code has been successfully applied on a regional scale in Alaska for a sustained period. During 2002–2011, elevated color codes were assigned by AVO to 13 volcanoes, eight of which erupted; for that decade, one or more Alaskan volcanoes were at Yellow on 67 % of days and at Orange or Red on 12 % of days. As evidence of its utility, the color code system is integrated into procedures of agencies responsible for air-traffic management and aviation meteorology in Alaska. Furthermore, it is endorsed as a key part of globally coordinated protocols established by the International Civil Aviation Organization to provide warnings of ash hazards to aviation worldwide. The color code and accompanying structured message (called a Volcano Observatory Notice for Aviation) comprise an effective early-warning message system according to the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. The aviation color code system currently is used in the United States, Russia, New Zealand, Iceland, and partially in the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia. Although there are some barriers to implementation, with continued education and outreach to Volcano Observatories worldwide, greater use of the aviation color code system is achievable.

  1. Ultra Deep Wave Equation Imaging and Illumination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander M. Popovici; Sergey Fomel; Paul Sava; Sean Crawley; Yining Li; Cristian Lupascu

    2006-09-30

    In this project we developed and tested a novel technology, designed to enhance seismic resolution and imaging of ultra-deep complex geologic structures by using state-of-the-art wave-equation depth migration and wave-equation velocity model building technology for deeper data penetration and recovery, steeper dip and ultra-deep structure imaging, accurate velocity estimation for imaging and pore pressure prediction and accurate illumination and amplitude processing for extending the AVO prediction window. Ultra-deep wave-equation imaging provides greater resolution and accuracy under complex geologic structures where energy multipathing occurs, than what can be accomplished today with standard imaging technology. The objective of the research effort was to examine the feasibility of imaging ultra-deep structures onshore and offshore, by using (1) wave-equation migration, (2) angle-gathers velocity model building, and (3) wave-equation illumination and amplitude compensation. The effort consisted of answering critical technical questions that determine the feasibility of the proposed methodology, testing the theory on synthetic data, and finally applying the technology for imaging ultra-deep real data. Some of the questions answered by this research addressed: (1) the handling of true amplitudes in the downward continuation and imaging algorithm and the preservation of the amplitude with offset or amplitude with angle information required for AVO studies, (2) the effect of several imaging conditions on amplitudes, (3) non-elastic attenuation and approaches for recovering the amplitude and frequency, (4) the effect of aperture and illumination on imaging steep dips and on discriminating the velocities in the ultra-deep structures. All these effects were incorporated in the final imaging step of a real data set acquired specifically to address ultra-deep imaging issues, with large offsets (12,500 m) and long recording time (20 s).

  2. The development of efficient numerical time-domain modeling methods for geophysical wave propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Lieyuan

    This Ph.D. dissertation focuses on the numerical simulation of geophysical wave propagation in the time domain including elastic waves in solid media, the acoustic waves in fluid media, and the electromagnetic waves in dielectric media. This thesis shows that a linear system model can describe accurately the physical processes of those geophysical waves' propagation and can be used as a sound basis for modeling geophysical wave propagation phenomena. The generalized stability condition for numerical modeling of wave propagation is therefore discussed in the context of linear system theory. The efficiency of a series of different numerical algorithms in the time-domain for modeling geophysical wave propagation are discussed and compared. These algorithms include the finite-difference time-domain method, pseudospectral time domain method, alternating directional implicit (ADI) finite-difference time domain method. The advantages and disadvantages of these numerical methods are discussed and the specific stability condition for each modeling scheme is carefully derived in the context of the linear system theory. Based on the review and discussion of these existing approaches, the split step, ADI pseudospectral time domain (SS-ADI-PSTD) method is developed and tested for several cases. Moreover, the state-of-the-art stretched-coordinate perfect matched layer (SCPML) has also been implemented in SS-ADI-PSTD algorithm as the absorbing boundary condition for truncating the computational domain and absorbing the artificial reflection from the domain boundaries. After algorithmic development, a few case studies serve as the real-world examples to verify the capacities of the numerical algorithms and understand the capabilities and limitations of geophysical methods for detection of subsurface contamination. The first case is a study using ground penetrating radar (GPR) amplitude variation with offset (AVO) for subsurface non-aqueous-liquid (NAPL) contamination. The

  3. Moringa (Moringa Oleifera’nın Kanatlı ve Ruminant Hayvan Beslemede Kullanılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugay Ayasan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Gelişmekte olan ülkeler, protein ve enerji kaynağı yem hammaddelerinin fiyatlarının yüksek olması nedeniyle yem maliyetlerindeki artış sebebiyle, bazı zorluklara maruz kalmışlardır. Moringa, protein ve ham selüloz bakımından zengin bir yem kaynağıdır. Moringanın ham protein düzeyi %7,12 ile %39,17 arasında değişim göstermektedir. Tanen ve diğer anti besleme faktörlerini göz ardı edilebilir düzeyde içermesi sebebiyle, ruminantlar ve ruminant olmayan hayvanlar için alternatif bir protein kaynağıdır. Protein ve mineraller bakımından zengin olmasına rağmen, Moringa uzun yıllar boyunca üzerinde çalışılmayan bitkilerden birisi olmuştur. Ayrıca, aşırı düzeyde antibiyotik kullanımının sonucu olarak, antibiyotiklere dayanıklı patojenlerin gelişmesi problemiyle de karşı karşıya kalınmıştır. Bu makalede, hayvan beslemede kullanılan moringa ile bu yem maddesiyle kanatlı ve ruminant hayvanlar üzerinde yapılan besleme çalışmaları ele alınmıştır.

  4. Vacuolar-proton-ATPase is involved in the response of cancer cells to ionizing radiation and is a new target for radiosensitization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hollister, T.C.; Paglin, S.; McMahill, M.S.; Gilles, F.; Yahalom, J.

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: We have recently described a novel response of human cancer cells to radiation consisting of accumulation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVO) (Cancer Research, 61:439-444, 2001). Acidification of AVO was inhibited by bafilomycin A1 - a specific inhibitor of vacuolar-proton-ATPase. To examine the role of AVO function in the cellular response to radiation, we determined the effect of specific inhibitors of v-H+-ATPase (bafilomycin and concanamycin) on the clonogenic survival of various cancer cell lines. In addition, Northern analysis of mRNA encoding v-H+-ATPase was performed to elucidate possible mechanisms of post-radiation v-H+-ATPase regulation. Materials and Methods: Total RNA was isolated from human cancer cell lines including MCF-7 (breast), LoVo (colon), and LNCaP (prostate) cells 48 hours post-irradiation, and Northern analyses were performed. RNA was separated on a denaturing formaldehyde gel and blotted to a nylon membrane. Probes made from cDNAs to v-H+-ATPase were radioactively labeled, hybridized to the membranes, and exposed to X-ray film for determination of mRNA expression levels. Clonogenic survival assays were performed with MCF-7 and LoVo cell lines. Cells were plated at 30 cells/cm 2 , and irradiated 24 hours post-plating. Bafilomycin or concanamycin were added to culture media in various concentrations at the time of irradiation. The media was changed after a 24-hour incubation, and colonies were stained with crystal violet for counting 7 days post-irradiation. Results: Radiation-induced accumulation of acidic vesicular organelles in MCF-7, LoVo and LNCaP cells was associated with a two-fold increase in the steady-state level of mRNA for subunit c of v-H+-ATPase. Bafilomycin and concanamycin increased clonogenic cell death after irradiation in a dose-dependent manner. At low concentrations (bafilomycin 2nM, concanamycin 2pM) these agents acted as radiosensitizers, without significant toxicity to unirradiated cells. At 2nM, bafilomycin

  5. Body Wave and Ambient Noise Tomography of Makushin Volcano, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanza, F.; Thurber, C. H.; Syracuse, E. M.; Ghosh, A.; LI, B.; Power, J. A.

    2017-12-01

    Located in the eastern portion of the Alaska-Aleutian subduction zone, Makushin Volcano is among the most active volcanoes in the United States and has been classified as high threat based on eruptive history and proximity to the City of Unalaska and international air routes. In 2015, five individual seismic stations and three mini seismic arrays of 15 stations each were deployed on Unalaska island to supplement the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) permanent seismic network. This temporary array was operational for one year. Taking advantage of the increased azimuthal coverage and the array's increased earthquake detection capability, we developed body-wave Vp and Vp/Vs seismic images of the velocity structure beneath the volcano. Body-wave tomography results show a complex structure with the upper 5 km of the crust dominated by both positive and negative Vp anomalies. The shallow high-Vp features possibly delineate remnant magma pathways or conduits. Low-Vp regions are found east of the caldera at approximately 6-9 km depth. This is in agreement with previous tomographic work and geodetic models, obtained using InSAR data, which had identified this region as a possible long-term source of magma. We also observe a high Vp/Vs feature extending between 7 and 12 km depth below the caldera, possibly indicating partial melting, although the resolution is diminished at these depths. The distributed stations allow us to further complement body-wave tomography with ambient noise imaging and to obtain higher quality of Vs images. Our data processing includes single station data preparation and station-pair cross-correlation steps (Bensen et al., 2007), and the use of the phase weighted stacking method (Schimmel and Gallart, 2007) to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of the cross-correlations. We will show surface-wave dispersion curves, group velocity maps, and ultimately a 3D Vs image. By performing both body wave and ambient noise tomography, we provide a high

  6. Completely oriented anatase TiO2 nanoarrays: topotactic growth and orientation-related efficient photocatalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jingling; Wu, Qili; He, Shiman; Yan, Jing; Shi, Jianying; Chen, Jian; Wu, Mingmei; Yang, Xianfeng

    2015-08-01

    A TiO2 film has been facilely grown on a Ti foil via a general and simple acid vapor oxidation (AVO) strategy. Based on detailed characterization by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we found that the TiO2 film was composed of anatase nanoarrays highly oriented along their direction, resulting in a large exposed {001} top surface on the film. The growth mechanism based on a topotactic transformation was proposed according to a careful study of time-dependent experimental results. Resulting from the evaluation of photocatalytic performance compared with a commercial TiO2 photocatalyst (Degussa P25), the as-prepared oriented anatase TiO2 film showed higher efficiency for degradation of atrazine and acid orange II (AOII). The performance of photocatalysis is highly relevant to the preferential orientation. The efficient photocatalysis could be attributed to the highly reactive {001} facets on the anatase nanoarrays with super-hydrophilicity.A TiO2 film has been facilely grown on a Ti foil via a general and simple acid vapor oxidation (AVO) strategy. Based on detailed characterization by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we found that the TiO2 film was composed of anatase nanoarrays highly oriented along their direction, resulting in a large exposed {001} top surface on the film. The growth mechanism based on a topotactic transformation was proposed according to a careful study of time-dependent experimental results. Resulting from the evaluation of photocatalytic performance compared with a commercial TiO2 photocatalyst (Degussa P25), the as-prepared oriented anatase TiO2 film showed higher efficiency for degradation of atrazine and acid orange II (AOII). The performance of photocatalysis is highly relevant to the preferential orientation. The efficient photocatalysis could be attributed to the highly reactive {001

  7. The Dearth of Seismic DHI s in porefill prediction in the Niger Delta - Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Olotu, S.; Adimora, V.

    2003-01-01

    Generally, the inerplay between rock and hydrocarbon acoustic properties accounts for the observed seismic amplitude behaviours in reservoir rocks. To a large extent, the variations in these acoustic properties provide the basic ingredients for the interpretation workflow amongst geoscientist. The mis- interpretation of these properties and their behaviours has often translated into millions of dollars of missed opportunities. In the Niger Delta, rock properties do not vary substantially across the delta, but only at the fringes of the delta where higher acoustic properties are observed for those rocks with less porosity and less acoustic contrasts. In t.he presence of hydrocarbons, this phenomenon becomes more complicated with temperature variations and this makes hydrocarbon detection even more difficult. Where temperatures are low, higher density oils are generally found and discrimination between oil and brine diminishes, particularly with near stack/offsets. This is for instance the case in the inland part of the Western Delta where known accumulations are characterised by few amplitude anomalies and sometimes leading to poor discrimination of hydrocarbon pore fills in both the near and stacks. The mechanism of these observed amplitude response at the delta fringes entirely depends on the varying contrasts in rock and fluid properties with varying temperatures. This paper therefore aims at addressing these variations by using AvO calibrated amplitude prediction trend models to improve pore fluid predictions in the Niger Delta exploration. In other words, exploration in Nigeria largely has more to benefit from Amplitude versus Offset studies and that AvO models are essential/diagnostic tools for more accurate porefill predictions in those regions where: Sands are relatively hard in comparison to the surrounding shales. The sands may be ''hidden'' at near offsets but become detectable at far offsets. Soft shales occur. The reflectivity of sands versus hard

  8. Seismic and structural characterization of the fluid bypass system using 3D and partial stack seismic from passive margin: inside the plumbing system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iacopini, David; Maestrelli, Daniele; Jihad, Ali; Bond, Clare; Bonini, Marco

    2017-04-01

    In recent years enormous attention has been paid to the understanding of the process and mechanism controlling the gas seepage and more generally the fluid expulsion affecting the earth system from onshore to offshore environment. This is because of their demonstrated impact to our environment, climate change and during subsea drilling operation. Several example from active and paleo system has been so far characterized and proposed using subsurface exploration, geophysical and geochemical monitoring technology approaches with the aims to explore what trigger and drive the overpressure necessary maintain the fluid/gas/material expulsion and what are the structure that act as a gateway for gaseous fluid and unconsolidated rock. In this contribution we explore a series of fluid escape structure (ranging from seepage pipes to large blowout pipes structure of km length) using 3D and partial stack seismic data from two distinctive passive margin from the north sea (Loyal field, West Shetland) and the Equatorial Brazil (Ceara' Basin). We will focuses on the characterization of the plumbing system internal architecture and, for selected example, exploring the AVO response (using partial stack) of the internal fluid/unconsolidated rock. The detailed seismic mapping and seismic attributes analysis of the conduit system helped us to recover some detail from the signal response of the chimney internal structures. We observed: (1) small to medium seeps and pipes following structural or sedimentary discontinuities (2) large pipes (probably incipient mud volcanoes) and blowup structures propagating upward irrespective of pre-existing fault by hydraulic fracturing and assisted by the buoyancy of a fluidised and mobilised mud-hydrocarbon mixture. The reflector termination observed inside the main conduits, the distribution of stacked bright reflectors and the AVO analysis suggests an evolution of mechanisms (involving mixture of gas, fluid and probably mud) during pipe birth and

  9. Compatibility of selected plant-based shortening as lard substitute: microstructure, polymorphic forms and textural properties; Compatibilidad de grasas vegetales formuladas como sustitutas de la manteca: microestructura, formas polimórficas y propiedades texturales.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanty, N.A.M.; Marikkar, J.M.N.; Miskandar, M.S.; Bockstaele, F. Van; Dewettinck, K.; Nusantoro, B.P.

    2017-07-01

    A study was carried out to determine the compatibility of three plant-based shortening mixtures to lard shortening (LD) in terms of microstructure, polymorphic forms, and textural properties. The shortenings of binary, ternary, and quaternary fat mixtures were prepared according to a standard procedure by blending mee fat (MF) with palm stearin (PS) in a 99:1 (w/w) ratio; avocado fat (Avo) with PS and cocoa butter (CB) in a 84:7:9 (w/w) ratio; palm oil (PO) with PS, soybean oil (SBO) and CB in a 38:5:52:5 (w/w) ratio, respectively. The triacylglycerol composition, polymorphic forms, crystal morphology, and textural properties of the shortening were evaluated. This study found that all three plant-based shortenings and LD shortening were similar with respect to their consistency, hardness and compression and adhesiveness values. However, all plant-based shortening was found to be dissimilar to LD shortening with respect to microstructure. [Spanish] Se realizó un estudio para determinar la compatibilidad de tres shortenings vegetales con manteca (LD) en términos de microestructura, formas polimórficas y propiedades texturales. Los shortenings de las mezclas de grasas binarias, ternarias y cuaternarias se prepararon de acuerdo con un procedimiento estándar mezclando la grasa de mee (MF) con estearina de palma (PS) en una relación de 99:1 (p/p); grasa de aguacate (Avo) con PS y manteca de cacao (CB) en la relación 84:7:9 (p/p); aceite de palma (PO) con PS, aceite de soja (SBO) y CB en la relación 38:5:52:5 (p/p), respectivamente. Se evaluó la composición de triacilgliceridos, las formas polimórficas, la morfología cristalina y las propiedades texturales de las grasas. Este estudio encontró que los tres shortenings a base de plantas y LD fueron similares con respecto a su consistencia, dureza y valores de compresión y adhesividad. Sin embargo, se encontró que todas las grasas a base de plantas eran distintas al shortening de LD con respecto a la

  10. Improving Multisensor Positioning of Land Vehicles with Integrated Visual Odometry for Next-Generation Self-Driving Cars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed Tahsin Rahman

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available For their complete realization, autonomous vehicles (AVs fundamentally rely on the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS to provide positioning and navigation information. However, in area such as urban cores, parking lots, and under dense foliage, which are all commonly frequented by AVs, GNSS signals suffer from blockage, interference, and multipath. These effects cause high levels of errors and long durations of service discontinuity that mar the performance of current systems. The prevalence of vision and low-cost inertial sensors provides an attractive opportunity to further increase the positioning and navigation accuracy in such GNSS-challenged environments. This paper presents enhancements to existing multisensor integration systems utilizing the inertial navigation system (INS to aid in Visual Odometry (VO outlier feature rejection. A scheme called Aided Visual Odometry (AVO is developed and integrated with a high performance mechanization architecture utilizing vehicle motion and orientation sensors. The resulting solution exhibits improved state covariance convergence and navigation accuracy, while reducing computational complexity. Experimental verification of the proposed solution is illustrated through three real road trajectories, over two different land vehicles, and using two low-cost inertial measurement units (IMUs.

  11. Compatibility of selected plant-based shortening as lard substitute: microstructure, polymorphic forms and textural properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A.M. Yanty

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out to determine the compatibility of three plant-based shortening mixtures to lard shortening (LD in terms of microstructure, polymorphic forms, and textural properties. The shortenings of binary, ternary, and quaternary fat mixtures were prepared according to a standard procedure by blending mee fat (MF with palm stearin (PS in a 99:1 (w/w ratio; avocado fat (Avo with PS and cocoa butter (CB in a 84:7:9 (w/w ratio; palm oil (PO with PS, soybean oil (SBO and CB in a 38:5:52:5 (w/w ratio, respectively. The triacylglycerol composition, polymorphic forms, crystal morphology, and textural properties of the shortening were evaluated. This study found that all three plant-based shortenings and LD shortening were similar with respect to their consistency, hardness and compression and adhesiveness values. However, all plant-based shortening was found to be dissimilar to LD shortening with respect to microstructure.

  12. Proceedings of the 89th (Fall, fiscal 1993) SEGJ (the Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan) Conference. Butsuri tansa gakkai dai 89 kai (1993 nendo shuki) gakujutsu koenkai ronbunshu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-01

    The 89th SEGJ Conference was held during October 12-14, 1993. With relation to the exploration of elastic wave, reported are comparison study on an S/N ratio improvement method for noise in VIBROSEIS exploration, discrimination of the pseudo bright spot by AVO (amplitude versus offset) method in petroleum exploration, cross-adit and cross-well velocity tomography, AE doublet analysis in the hydraulic fracturing experiment on hot dry rock, estimation of crack extension surface, exploration of Aso caldera, seismic exploration ahead of the tunnel face, etc. Borehole televiewer by ultrasonic wave image is also reported. Relating to electrical prospecting, reports are made on simultaneous analysis of resistivity and charging rate, grasp of fluid transfer by SP change in the hydraulic fracturing experiment, synthetic focused resistivity logging using array normal logging equipment, borehole resistivity profiling, etc. Lectures totals 64 including reports further made on migration, refraction method analysis, VSP (vertical seismic profile), ground vibration, gravity/magnetic force/thermal structure, simulation, etc.

  13. Cytolethal Distending Toxin Enhances Radiosensitivity in Prostate Cancer Cells by Regulating Autophagy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwai-Jeng Lin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT produced by Campylobacter jejuni contains three subunits: CdtA, CdtB, and CdtC. Among these three toxin subunits, CdtB is the toxic moiety of CDT with DNase I activity, resulting in DNA double-strand breaks (DSB and, consequently, cell cycle arrest at the G2/M stage and apoptosis. Radiation therapy is an effective modality for the treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCa. However, patients often develop radioresistance. Owing to its particular biochemical properties, we previously employed CdtB as a therapeutic agent for sensitizing radioresistant PCa cells to ionizing radiation (IR. In this study, we further demonstrated that CDT suppresses the IR-induced autophagy pathway in PCa cells by attenuating c-Myc expression and therefore sensitizes PCa cells to radiation. We further showed that CDT prevents the formation of autophagosomes via decreased high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1 expression and the inhibition of acidic vesicular organelle (AVO formation, which are associated with enhanced radiosensitivity in PCa cells. The results of this study reveal the detailed mechanism of CDT for the treatment of radioresistant PCa.

  14. Seismic reflections associated with submarine gas hydrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andreassen, K

    1996-12-31

    Gas hydrates are often suggested as a future energy resource. This doctoral thesis improves the understanding of the concentration and distribution of natural submarine gas hydrates. The presence of these hydrates are commonly inferred from strong bottom simulating reflection (BSR). To investigate the nature of BSR, this work uses seismic studies of hydrate-related BSRs at two different locations, one where gas hydrates are accepted to exist and interpreted to be very extensive (in the Beaufort Sea), the other with good velocity data and downhole logs available (offshore Oregon). To ascertain the presence of free gas under the BSR, prestack offset data must supplement near-vertical incidence seismic data. A tentative model for physical properties of sediments partially saturated with gas hydrate and free gas is presented. This model, together with drilling information and seismic data containing the BSR beneath the Oregon margin and the Beaufort Sea, made it possible to better understand when to apply the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) method to constrain BSR gas hydrate and gas models. Distribution of natural gas hydrates offshore Norway and Svalbard is discussed and interpreted as reflections from the base of gas hydrate-bearing sediments, overlying sediments containing free gas. Gas hydrates inferred to exist at the Norwegian-Svalbard continental margin correlate well with Cenozoic depocenters, and the associated gas is assumed to be mainly biogenic. Parts of that margin have a high potential for natural gas hydrates of both biogenic and thermogenic origin. 235 refs., 86 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. Technical advances in the Pernik coal field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ionov, I

    1979-07-01

    George Dimitrov mining and power combine, which produces about 22% of all coal in Bulgaria, used outmoded equipment, inefficient methods and human transport prior to 1975. A development program begun in 1972 provided for exploitation of additional deposits, increased use of mechanized equipment, extension of surface mining area, employment of automated controls and better organization. Since 1975 new equipment has been procured, including EKG-4.6 type excavators, SVB-2M probes, BelAz-540 dump trucks, 4PU gallery combines, 1PNB-2 type loaders, OKP-10 and 1-MKM mining systems, BISUK-1 automated control apparatus, VAV and AVO-3 automated pump controls and new rubber belt conveyors. Planned studies and development include (in underground mines:) new drainage systems, mechanized installation of supports, development of new support systems and integration of transport system; (in surface mines:) mechanized construction and maintenance of roads and railroads, procurement of EKG-4.6 and EKG-4 type power shovels, replacement of steam locomotives with electric locomotives. Central production facilities for wooden and metal supports and a maintenance base for automated equipment are also under discussion.

  16. Chronology and References of Volcanic Eruptions and Selected Unrest in the United States, 1980-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diefenbach, Angela K.; Guffanti, Marianne; Ewert, John W.

    2009-01-01

    The United States ranks as one of the top countries in the world in the number of young, active volcanoes within its borders. The United States, including the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, is home to approximately 170 geologically active (age activity, unrest, that do not culminate in eruptions. Monitoring volcanic activity in the United States is the responsibility of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Volcano Hazards Program (VHP) and is accomplished with academic, Federal, and State partners. The VHP supports five Volcano Observatories - the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO), Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO), Long Valley Observatory (LVO), and Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO). With the exception of HVO, which was established in 1912, the U.S. Volcano Observatories have been established in the past 27 years in response to specific volcanic eruptions or sustained levels of unrest. As understanding of volcanic activity and hazards has grown over the years, so have the extent and types of monitoring networks and techniques available to detect early signs of anomalous volcanic behavior. This increased capability is providing us with a more accurate gauge of volcanic activity in the United States. The purpose of this report is to (1) document the range of volcanic activity that U.S. Volcano Observatories have dealt with, beginning with the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, (2) describe some overall characteristics of the activity, and (3) serve as a quick reference to pertinent published literature on the eruptions and unrest documented in this report.

  17. Comparative Analysis of ACAS-Xu and DAIDALUS Detect-and-Avoid Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Jason T.; Wu, Minghong G.

    2018-01-01

    The Detect and Avoid (DAA) capability of a recent version (Run 3) of the Airborne Collision Avoidance System-Xu (ACAS-Xu) is measured against that of the Detect and AvoID Alerting Logic for Unmanned Systems (DAIDALUS), a reference algorithm for the Phase 1 Minimum Operational Performance Standards (MOPS) for DAA. This comparative analysis of the two systems' alerting and horizontal guidance outcomes is conducted through the lens of the Detect and Avoid mission using flight data of scripted encounters from a recent flight test. Results indicate comparable timelines and outcomes between ACAS-Xu's Remain Well Clear alert and guidance and DAIDALUS's corrective alert and guidance, although ACAS-Xu's guidance appears to be more conservative. ACAS-Xu's Collision Avoidance alert and guidance occurs later than DAIDALUS's warning alert and guidance, and overlaps with DAIDALUS's timeline of maneuver to remain Well Clear. Interesting discrepancies between ACAS-Xu's directive guidance and DAIDALUS's "Regain Well Clear" guidance occur in some scenarios.

  18. Effect of argan and olive oil consumption on the hormonal profile of androgens among healthy adult Moroccan men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derouiche, Abdelfettah; Jafri, Ali; Driouch, Issam; El Khasmi, Mohammed; Adlouni, Ahmed; Benajiba, Nada; Bamou, Youssef; Saile, Rachid; Benouhoud, Mohammed

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to assess the effect of virgin argan oil (VAO) and extra virgin olive oil (EVO) on the hormonal profile of androgens and anthropometric parameters among healthy adult Moroccan men during a controlled nutritional intervention. The study was carried out on 60 young and healthy male volunteers aged between 23 and 40 years old. During a stabilization period of 2 weeks they consumed butter. The group was then randomized into two categories, the first one consuming VAO and the second EVO for 3 weeks. Testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS) serum concentrations were measured at the beginning of the study and at the end of each period. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the two groups (VAO and EVO) during each step of the study. Differences in androgens and anthropometric parameters between the baseline and after 3 weeks of the diet in the VAO and EVO groups were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test. T and LH serum concentrations significantly increased after the intervention period. T levels increased by 19.9% and 17.4% (p consumption of AVO and EVO might be the origin of a positive action on the androgen hormonal profile of men.

  19. BSR and methane hydrates: New challenges for geophysics and rock physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nur, A. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Geophysics

    1996-12-31

    It is generally accepted that solid gas hydrates which form within the uppermost few hundred meters of the sea floor are responsible for so-called Bottom Simulating Reflectors (BSRs) at continental margins. Gas to solid volumetric ratio in recovered hydrate samples may be as large as 170. Consequently, huge amounts of compressed methane (more than twice all recoverable and nonrecoverable oil, gas, and coal on earth) may exist under earth`s oceans. These hydrates are a potential energy resource, they influence global warming and effect seafloor mechanical stability. It is possible, in principle, to obtain a quantitative estimate of the amount and state of existing hydrates by relating seismic velocity to the volume of gas hydrate in porous sediments. This can be done by linking the elastic properties of hydrated sediments to their internal structure. The authors approach this problem by examining two micromechanical models of hydrate deposition in the pore space: (1) the hydrate cements grain contacts and thus significantly stiffens the sediment; and (2) the hydrate is located away from grain contacts and only weakly affects the stiffness of the sediment frame. To discriminate between the two models the authors use the Amplitude Versus Offset (AVO) technique of seismic data processing. This approach allows them to estimate the amount of gas hydrates in the pore space, and also to tell whether the permeability of the hydrated sediment is high or low. The latter is important for determining whether free methane can be trapped underneath a BSR.

  20. Sequential biventricular pacing improves regional contractility, longitudinal function and dyssynchrony in patients with heart failure and prolonged QRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ring Margareta

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aims Biventricular pacing (BiP is an effective treatment in systolic heart failure (HF patients with prolonged QRS. However, approximately 35% of the patients receiving BiP are classified as non-responders. The aim of this study is to evaluate the acute effects of VV-optimization on systolic heart function. Methods Twenty-one HF patients aged 72 (46-88 years, QRS 154 (120-190 ms, were studied with echocardiography, Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI and 3D-echo the first day after receiving a BiP device. TDI was performed; during simultaneous pacing (LV-lead pacing 4 ms before the RV-lead and during sequential pacing (LV 20 and 40 ms before RV and RV 20 and 40 ms before LV-lead pacing. Systolic heart function was studied by tissue tracking (TT for longitudinal function and systolic maximal velocity (SMV for regional contractility and signs of dyssynchrony assessed by time-delays standard deviation of aortic valve opening to SMV, AVO-SMV/SD and tissue synchronization imaging (TSI. Results The TT mean value preoperatively was 4,2 ± 1,5 and increased at simultaneous pacing to 5,0 ± 1,2 mm (p Conclusions VV-optimization in the acute phase improves systolic heart function more than simultaneous BiP pacing. Long-term effects should be evaluated in prospective randomized trials.

  1. SEISMIC ATTENUATION FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joel Walls; M.T. Taner; Naum Derzhi; Gary Mavko; Jack Dvorkin

    2003-12-01

    We have developed and tested technology for a new type of direct hydrocarbon detection. The method uses inelastic rock properties to greatly enhance the sensitivity of surface seismic methods to the presence of oil and gas saturation. These methods include use of energy absorption, dispersion, and attenuation (Q) along with traditional seismic attributes like velocity, impedance, and AVO. Our approach is to combine three elements: (1) a synthesis of the latest rock physics understanding of how rock inelasticity is related to rock type, pore fluid types, and pore microstructure, (2) synthetic seismic modeling that will help identify the relative contributions of scattering and intrinsic inelasticity to apparent Q attributes, and (3) robust algorithms that extract relative wave attenuation attributes from seismic data. This project provides: (1) Additional petrophysical insight from acquired data; (2) Increased understanding of rock and fluid properties; (3) New techniques to measure reservoir properties that are not currently available; and (4) Provide tools to more accurately describe the reservoir and predict oil location and volumes. These methodologies will improve the industry's ability to predict and quantify oil and gas saturation distribution, and to apply this information through geologic models to enhance reservoir simulation. We have applied for two separate patents relating to work that was completed as part of this project.

  2. Seismic reflections associated with submarine gas hydrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andreassen, K.

    1995-12-31

    Gas hydrates are often suggested as a future energy resource. This doctoral thesis improves the understanding of the concentration and distribution of natural submarine gas hydrates. The presence of these hydrates are commonly inferred from strong bottom simulating reflection (BSR). To investigate the nature of BSR, this work uses seismic studies of hydrate-related BSRs at two different locations, one where gas hydrates are accepted to exist and interpreted to be very extensive (in the Beaufort Sea), the other with good velocity data and downhole logs available (offshore Oregon). To ascertain the presence of free gas under the BSR, prestack offset data must supplement near-vertical incidence seismic data. A tentative model for physical properties of sediments partially saturated with gas hydrate and free gas is presented. This model, together with drilling information and seismic data containing the BSR beneath the Oregon margin and the Beaufort Sea, made it possible to better understand when to apply the amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) method to constrain BSR gas hydrate and gas models. Distribution of natural gas hydrates offshore Norway and Svalbard is discussed and interpreted as reflections from the base of gas hydrate-bearing sediments, overlying sediments containing free gas. Gas hydrates inferred to exist at the Norwegian-Svalbard continental margin correlate well with Cenozoic depocenters, and the associated gas is assumed to be mainly biogenic. Parts of that margin have a high potential for natural gas hydrates of both biogenic and thermogenic origin. 235 refs., 86 figs., 4 tabs.

  3. Neferine augments therapeutic efficacy of cisplatin through ROS- mediated non-canonical autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549 cells).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalai Selvi, Sivalingam; Vinoth, Amirthalingam; Varadharajan, Thiyagarajan; Weng, Ching Feng; Vijaya Padma, Viswanadha

    2017-05-01

    Combination of dietary components with chemotherapy drugs is an emerging new strategy for cancer therapy to increase antitumor responses. Neferine, major bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera (Lotus). In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of the combinatorial regimen of neferine and cisplatin compared to cisplatin high dose in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) cells. Co-treatment with neferine enhanced cisplatin-induced autophagy in A549 cells was accompanied by Acidic vesicular accumulation (AVO), enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH), down regulation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, conversion of LC3B-I to LC3B-II. This enhanced autophagy developed via a non-canonical mechanism that did not require Beclin-1, PI3KCIII. In conclusion, these results suggest that neferine enhances cisplatin -induced autophagic cancer cell death through downregulation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pro-survival pathway and ROS- mediated Beclin-1 and PI3K CIII independent autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549 cells). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Compatibility of selected plant-based shortening as lard substitute: microstructure, polymorphic forms and textural properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yanty, N.A.M.; Marikkar, J.M.N.; Miskandar, M.S.; Bockstaele, F. Van; Dewettinck, K.; Nusantoro, B.P.

    2017-01-01

    A study was carried out to determine the compatibility of three plant-based shortening mixtures to lard shortening (LD) in terms of microstructure, polymorphic forms, and textural properties. The shortenings of binary, ternary, and quaternary fat mixtures were prepared according to a standard procedure by blending mee fat (MF) with palm stearin (PS) in a 99:1 (w/w) ratio; avocado fat (Avo) with PS and cocoa butter (CB) in a 84:7:9 (w/w) ratio; palm oil (PO) with PS, soybean oil (SBO) and CB in a 38:5:52:5 (w/w) ratio, respectively. The triacylglycerol composition, polymorphic forms, crystal morphology, and textural properties of the shortening were evaluated. This study found that all three plant-based shortenings and LD shortening were similar with respect to their consistency, hardness and compression and adhesiveness values. However, all plant-based shortening was found to be dissimilar to LD shortening with respect to microstructure. [es

  5. Discovery Mondays: 'Separating science from fiction'

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Photo credit: ESA/NASA, the AVO project and Paolo PadovaniDoes the imaginary word of fiction always end up becoming scientific reality? What futuristic visions can we extrapolate from today's technologies? Here is a short quiz to test your knowledge. Can YOU tell truth from fiction? True False The laser swords featuring in the Star Wars films really exist. Time travel is possible using black holes. You could eat a cake of antimatter. Levitation vehicles really exist. Dan Brown is a space alien. How can you distinguish truth from fiction, dreams from reality, real science and technology from the sci-fi fantasies so realistically described in novels, television and cinema? You are invited to come and discuss these questions at a Discovery Monday at the very frontiers of science..... Join us at Microcosm (Reception, Building 33, Meyrin site), on Monday, 4 September from 7:30 p.m. to 9 p.m. Entrance Free The event will be conducted in French. http://www.cern.ch/LundisDecouverte/ ...

  6. CELESTINA: CALISTO VE MELİBEA’NIN TRAJIKOMEDYASI’NDA ORTAÇAĞ VE RÖNESANS ARASINDA KALMIŞ BİREY VE KADIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Gülümser İLKER

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available İspanyol Edebiyatının Ortaçağ toplumu ve bireyi arasındaki çatışmayı ele almasıyla en önemli eserlerinden biri olan Celestina: Calisto ve Melibea’nın Trajikomedyası, Rönesans’a dönmüş yüzüyle de önem kazanmaktadır. Yazar Fernando de Rojas’ın ustalıkla ve incelikle yarattığı karakterler vasıtasıyla, dönemin birey algısına odaklanırken, toplumun normlarının bireyler üzerindeki üstünlüğüne tanık oluruz. Aynı zamanda kadına karşı olan bakış açısının da vurgulandığı eserde, evrensel konular gün yüzüne çıkarken, insan, doğasıyla ve içgüdüleriyle işlenerek okuyucuya sunulur. Eserde genç, tutkularının kölesi olmuş Calisto ve saf, geleneklerine bağlı Melibea’nın aşkıyla ve de yaşlı büyücü Celestina’nın tamahkârlığıyla insani duyguların aşırıya kaçması eleştirilir. Topluma uygun olmayan eylemler sonucunda cezalandırılan karakterleriyle eser, didaktik bir metin olma özelliği taşımaktadır. Çalışmanın konusu olarak sözü geçen eserdeki birey ve kadın, Ortaçağ ve Rönesans arasında kalmış olarak ele alınacak ve incelenecektir.

  7. DEVLETÇİLİK POLİTİKALARININ TARIM KESİMİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİLERİ (1930–1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu VARLI

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Devletçilik, Milli iktisat düşüncesinin Cumhuriyet’in kurucu kadroları üzerindeki etkisinin devamı olarak görülmektedir. Devlet cumhuriyetin kuruluş yıllarından itibaren ekonomik anlamda geri kalmışlığın bir nedeni olarak milli burjuvazinin yokluğunu görmüştür. Milli burjuvazi yaratma ya millileştirmeler yoluyla ya da devletin tüm olanaklarını kullanması yoluyla gerçekleşmiştir. Devletçilik de hem devletin tüm olanaklarını devreye soktuğu hem de artık kendisinin bizzat burjuvazi sınıfının yerine geçtiği bir uygulama olmuştur. Ancak tüm bu burjuvazi yaratma çabaları içinde ilginç olan, burjuvazinin tarım sektöründen çıkarılmak istenmemesidir. İttihat Terakki’den devir alınan milli burjuvazi yaratma toprak sahiplerini doğrudan hedef olarak almamıştır. Devletçilik politikalarında tarım kesimi burjuvazi olarak görülmemiş ve iktisaden zayıf bırakılmıştır. Ancak, tarım kesimine karşın desteklenen sanayi kesiminde de sermaye birikimi sağlanamamıştır. Tek parti yönetimi cumhuriyetin kuruluşundan dünya buhranına kadar olan dönemde burjuva sınıfının oluşturmayı hedeflemiştir. Ancak daha sonra gücü ve iktidarı çerçevesinde bir devletçilik politikasını sektörler arasında birbirinin tamamlayıcısı olmalarını sağlamadan sanayileşme için tarıma yük bindiren tartışmalı bir yol seçmiştir.

  8. AN UNCOMPLETED MATHNAWI DUE TO THE DEATH OF IT’S AUTHOR: LEYLÂ VÜ MECNÛN (LAYLA AND MADJNUN MÜELLİFİNİN ÖLÜMÜYLE YARIM KALMIŞ BİR MESNEVÎ: LEYLÂ VÜ MECNÛN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüsrev AKIN

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Mathnawis are types of verse in which such subjects as legends and stories are narrated in our ancient literature. Mathnawis whose early examples orginate in Persian literature are also seen in Turkish literature from the same source. In our literature, mathnawis were commonly written between XIII and XVIII centuries. One of the subjects that has been dealt with is the story of Layla and Madjnun. This story is the one that is most treated among the ones with two lovers. One of the authors that tells this story in his work is Kafzâde Fâizî. But, when he dies at an early age, the work remains to be completed. In the present study, being an unfinished work, the introduction and the translation of the work on which there has been no serious comment is given. Mesneviler, eski edebiyatımızda destan, menkıbe gibi uzun konuların anlatıldığı nazım biçimidir. İlk örnekleri Fars edebiyatında görülen mesnevi Türk edebiyatına da oradan geçmiştir. Edebiyatımızda mesneviler yoğun olarak XIII. ve XVIII. yüzyıllar arasında yazılmıştır. Bu mesnevilerde sıklıkla ele alınan konulardan birisi de Leylâ ile Mecnûn hikâyesidir. Bu hikâye iki âşık karakterli hikâyeler içinde en çok işleneni olmuştur. Bunu eserinde anlatan şâirlerden birisi de Kafzâde Fâizî’dir. Fakat Kafzâde Fâizî, genç yaşta ölünce bu eser yarım kalmıştır. Bu makalede, tamamlanmamış bir eser olduğu için bugüne kadar üzerinde ciddi olarak durulmayan bu eserin tanıtımı ve çeviri yazısı yapılmıştır.

  9. RUMELIAN OTTOMAN VOLUNTEERS IN BRITISH P.O.W. CAMPS (1916-1923 *BRİTANYA İMPARATORLUĞU SAVAŞ KAMPLARINDA ESİR DÜŞEN BATI RUMELİ ASILLI OSMANLI GÖNÜLLÜLERİ (1916-1923

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redžep ŠKRİJELJ

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Doğu cephesindeki başarısızlıklar, 1916 yılının Avusturya-Macaristan için askerî açıdan en zor yıllardan biri olduğunu kanıtlamıştır. İtilaf Devletleri Rusya’nın yanı sıra İtalya ve Romanya tarafından desteklenmiş olduğu için Avusturya-Macaristan askerî birlikleri birkaç cephe arasında püskürtülmüştür ki böyle bir durumda personel ve kadro açısından yardıma ihtiyaç görmüştür. Bu arada Almanya İmparatorluğu askerî güçlerini Batı Cephesi’nde yoğunlaştırdığı için Avusturya-Macaristan devleti askerî yardım için diğer İttifak Devletlerine başvurmak zorunda kalmıştır. Avusturya-Macaristan mücadele birliklerini kuvvetlendirmek maksadıyla yapılan şiddetli askerî propaganda sonucu olarak 1916 sonbaharı ve 1917 ilkbaharı arasında Galiçya Cephesi’ne XV. Osmanlı Kolordusu kapsamında 10 bin gönüllü ve acemi asker gönderilmiştir. Osmanlı Askerî Karargâhı böyle bir kararı Balkanlar üzerinden Anadolu’ya Rus işgalini önlemek için getirdiğini savunmuştur. Kötü örgütleme, disiplinsizlik, zayıf giyim, açlık, büyük sayıda yaralı ve engelli, bulaşıcı hastalıkların salgını esnasında aşı yetersizliği askerlerin morallerini yitirmiştir. Çok sayıda ölü ve esir veren Osmanlı askeri, Avrupalı müttefiklerini karşılamak için Galiçya, Romanya ve Selânik Cephelerinde ikinci sıradan görevler yapmak zorunda kalmıştır. Avusturya, Alman, Yugoslav, Sırp, Britanya ve Osmanlı arşivlerinde bulunan kaynaklardan Galiçya, Kafkas, Çanakkale, Filistin, Suriye ve Arabistan cephelerinde kanlı ve şiddetli mücadele gören çok sayıda Rumelili gönüllü Britanya savaş kamplarında esir kalmıştır. Sırp, Hırvat ve Sloven Krallığı Dışişleri Bakanlığı tarafından hazırlanan raporlara göre Avusturya-Macaristan ve Bulgar işgalci iktidarı tarafından çok sayıda genç erkek 1917 yılı boyunca seferber edildikten sonra Suriye

  10. From nutrients to foods: The alimentary imaginary of the Mediterranean diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona STANO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Together with clothing, urban artefacts and other aspects of daily life, nutrition is not only one of the basic human needs, but also a system of communication (Barthes, 1961 and expression of sociocultural identity (Levi-Strauss, 1965; Montanari, 2006; Stano, 2015. Undoubtedly food habits, preferences and taboos are partially regulated by ecological and material factors (Harris, 1975. By contrast, all food systems are structured and given particular functioning mechanisms by specific societies—or, better, cultures (Volli, 2015. Although several scholars have remarked this fact, most present-day texts, discourses, and practices concerning food seem to particularly stress a sort of supposed “naturalness” inherent to food systems. Such “naturalness” is generally conceived as both the praise of everything that opposes artificiality (Marrone, 2011 and a return to an original and idyllic past, namely a “tradition” crystallised in “authentic” recipes, “typical” restaurants, etc. Responding to the urgency of enhancing the academic debate on these issues, this paper analyses a specific case study that, albeit being particularly significant, has not been sufficiently investigated yet: the so-called “Mediterranean diet”. The idea of such a diet originated from the scientific field, in the wake of medical research (Keys & Keys, 1975; Keys, 1980 correlating the low incidence of cardiovascular diseases among the inhabitants of specific areas (i.e. the Cilento region in Italy and a particular nutritional regime, mainly defined by the use of certain ingredients and specific techniques of preparation of food. The interest in this topic has then increasingly grown, extending beyond the simple definition of healthy rules regulating nutrition, and embracing the social and cultural implications of the particular “lifestyle” that has come to be identified with the Mediterranean diet. In this sense, the genealogy of the inclusion of such

  11. Augustine Volcano, Cook Inlet, Alaska (January 12, 2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Since last spring, the U.S. Geological Survey's Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has detected increasing volcanic unrest at Augustine Volcano in Cook Inlet, Alaska near Anchorage. Based on all available monitoring data, AVO regards that an eruption similar to 1976 and 1986 is the most probable outcome. During January, activity has been episodic, and characterized by emission of steam and ash plumes, rising to altitudes in excess of 9,000 m (30,000 ft), and posing hazards to aircraft in the vicinity. An ASTER image was acquired at 12:42 AST on January 12, 2006, during an eruptive phase of Augustine. The perspective rendition shows the eruption plume derived from the ASTER image data. ASTER's stereo viewing capability was used to calculate the 3-dimensional topography of the eruption cloud as it was blown to the south by prevailing winds. From a maximum height of 3060 m (9950 ft), the plume cooled and its top descended to 1900 m (6175 ft). The perspective view shows the ASTER data draped over the plume top topography, combined with a base image acquired in 2000 by the Landsat satellite, that is itself draped over ground elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. The topographic relief has been increased 1.5 times for this illustration. Comparison of the ASTER plume topography data with ash dispersal models and weather radar data will allow the National Weather Service to validate and improve such models. These models are used to forecast volcanic ash plume trajectories and provide hazard alerts and warnings to aircraft in the Alaska region. ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with

  12. Integrating sequence stratigraphy and rock-physics to interpret seismic amplitudes and predict reservoir quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Tanima

    improves the predictions of shear wave velocities. In addition, we provide empirical relations on normal compaction depth trends of porosity, velocities, and VP/VS ratio for shale and clean sands in shallow, supra-salt sediments in the Gulf of Mexico. Next, we identify probable spatial trends of sand/shale ratio and sorting as predicted by the conventional sequence stratigraphic model in minibasin settings (spill-and-fill model). These spatial trends are evaluated using well data from offshore West Africa, and the same well data are used to calibrate rock physics models (modified soft-sand model) that provide links between P-impedance and quartz/clay ratio, and sorting. The spatial increase in sand/shale ratio and sorting corresponds to an overall increase in P-impedance, and AVO intercept and gradient. The results are used as a guide to interpret sedimentological parameters from seismic attributes, away from the well locations. We present a quantitative link between carbonate cement and seismic attributes by combining stratigraphie cycles and the rock physics model (modified differential effective medium model). The variation in carbonate cement volume in West Africa can be linked with two distinct stratigraphic cycles: the coarsening-upward cycles and the fining-upward cycles. Cemented sandstones associated with these cycles exhibit distinct signatures on P-impedance vs. porosity and AVO intercept vs. gradient crossplots. These observations are important for assessing reservoir properties in the West Africa as well as in other analogous depositional environments. Finally, we investigate the relationship between seismic velocities and time temperature index (TTI) using basin and petroleum system modeling at Rio Muni basin, West Africa. We find that both VP and VS increase exponentially with TTI. The results can be applied to predict TTI, and thereby thermal maturity, from observed velocities.

  13. Health promotion in the “Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Education Centers”in Ankara: Mixed methods research among women/Ankara’daKanser Erken Teşhis Tarama Eğitim Merkezlerinde sağlığı geliştirme:Kadınlar ile yürütülen karma yöntemli bir araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozge Karadag Caman

    2013-12-01

    itim Merkezleri’nin (KETEM hizmetlerinin, özellikle hizmetlerin sağlığı geliştirme boyutuna odaklanarak değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.Yöntem: Araştırma grubunu, Ankara’da bulunan KETEM’lere başvuran ve izleme dönemi ile birlikte çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden 30-70 yaş arası 332 kadın oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada, karma veri toplama yöntemi (hizmet öncesi ve sonrası anket formları, tıbbi kayıtlar ve odak grup görüşmeleri kullanılmıştır. Niceliksel verilerin analizinde tanımlayıcı istatistikler, ki-kare testi, Fisher’in kesin ki-kare testi, McNemar`ın ki-kare testi, Bowker’in simetri testi ve bağımlı gruplarda t-testi kullanılmış, niteliksel verilerin analizinde ise görünür/açık içerik analizi yapılmıştır. Bulgular: Hizmet sonrası görüşülen katılımcıların (n=319 %97.5’i KETEM’lerin sunduğu hizmetlerden memnun kalmıştır. Katılımcıların kanserden korunmak için alınabilecek önlemler konusunda bilgi düzeyi, hizmet sonrasında anlamlı düzeyde artmıştır (p<0.001. Merkezlerde verilen eğitimler, kanserden korunmaya yönelik önlemler konusundaki bazı bilgileri artırmakla beraber, kendi kendine meme muayenesi sıklığının artması (p<0.001 dışında, diğer sağlık davranışları ile ilişkili bulunmamıştır (p>0.05. Sonuç: KETEM’lerden hizmet alan kadınların çoğu hizmetlerden memnun kalmış ve kanser taramaları ile ilgili sorun yaşamamıştır; ancak bulgular, merkezlerin mevcut hizmetlerinin, kanser konusunda farkındalığı arttırmakla birlikte sağlık davranışlarını önemli düzeyde etkilemediğini göstermektedir. Sağlığı geliştirme hizmetleri kapsamında; kanıta dayalı eğitim ve davranış müdahaleleri ile bu müdahaleleri izleme dönemlerini de içeren çok boyutlu bir yaklaşıma gereksinim vardır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kanser taraması, sağlığı geliştirme, sağlık eğitimi, sağlık davranışı, koruyucu sağlık hizmetleri   

  14. Inhibition of autophagy enhances DNA damage-induced apoptosis by disrupting CHK1-dependent S phase arrest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liou, Jong-Shian; Wu, Yi-Chen; Yen, Wen-Yen; Tang, Yu-Shuan [Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC (China); Kakadiya, Rajesh B.; Su, Tsann-Long [Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC (China); Yih, Ling-Huei, E-mail: lhyih@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC (China)

    2014-08-01

    DNA damage has been shown to induce autophagy, but the role of autophagy in the DNA damage response and cell fate is not fully understood. BO-1012, a bifunctional alkylating derivative of 3a-aza-cyclopenta[a]indene, is a potent DNA interstrand cross-linking agent with anticancer activity. In this study, BO-1012 was found to reduce DNA synthesis, inhibit S phase progression, and induce phosphorylation of histone H2AX on serine 139 (γH2AX) exclusively in S phase cells. Both CHK1 and CHK2 were phosphorylated in response to BO-1012 treatment, but only depletion of CHK1, but not CHK2, impaired BO-1012-induced S phase arrest and facilitated the entry of γH2AX-positive cells into G2 phase. CHK1 depletion also significantly enhanced BO-1012-induced cell death and apoptosis. These results indicate that BO-1012-induced S phase arrest is a CHK1-dependent pro-survival response. BO-1012 also resulted in marked induction of acidic vesicular organelle (AVO) formation and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) processing and redistribution, features characteristic of autophagy. Depletion of ATG7 or co-treatment of cells with BO-1012 and either 3-methyladenine or bafilomycin A1, two inhibitors of autophagy, not only reduced CHK1 phosphorylation and disrupted S phase arrest, but also increased cleavage of caspase-9 and PARP, and cell death. These results suggest that cells initiate S phase arrest and autophagy as pro-survival responses to BO-1012-induced DNA damage, and that suppression of autophagy enhances BO-1012-induced apoptosis via disruption of CHK1-dependent S phase arrest. - Highlights: • Autophagy inhibitors enhanced the cytotoxicity of a DNA alkylating agent, BO-1012. • BO-1012-induced S phase arrest was a CHK1-dependent pro-survival response. • Autophagy inhibition enhanced BO-1012 cytotoxicity via disrupting the S phase arrest.

  15. Waveform modeling of the seismic response of a mid-ocean ridge axial melt sill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Min; Stephen, R. A.; Canales, J. Pablo

    2017-12-01

    Seismic reflections from axial magma lens (AML) are commonly observed along many mid-ocean ridges, and are thought to arise from the negative impedance contrast between a solid, high-speed lid and the underlying low-speed, molten or partially molten (mush) sill. The polarity of the AML reflection ( P AML P) at vertical incidence and the amplitude vs offset (AVO) behavior of the AML reflections (e.g., P AML P and S-converted P AML S waves) are often used as a diagnostic tool for the nature of the low-speed sill. Time-domain finite difference calculations for two-dimensional laterally homogeneous models show some scenarios make the interpretation of melt content from partial-offset stacks of P- and S-waves difficult. Laterally heterogeneous model calculations indicate diffractions from the edges of the finite-width AML reducing the amplitude of the AML reflections. Rough seafloor and/or a rough AML surface can also greatly reduce the amplitude of peg-leg multiples because of scattering and destructive interference. Mid-crustal seismic reflection events are observed in the three-dimensional multi-channel seismic dataset acquired over the RIDGE-2000 Integrated Study Site at East Pacific Rise (EPR, cruise MGL0812). Modeling indicates that the mid-crustal seismic reflection reflections are unlikely to arise from peg-leg multiples of the AML reflections, P-to- S converted phases, or scattering due to rough topography, but could probably arise from deeper multiple magma sills. Our results support the identification of Marjanović et al. (Nat Geosci 7(11):825-829, 2014) that a multi-level complex of melt lenses is present beneath the axis of the EPR.

  16. Autophagy inhibition enhances apigenin-induced apoptosis in human breast cancer cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuchen Cao; Bowen Liu; Wenfeng Cao; Weiran Zhang; Fei Zhang; Hongmeng Zhao; Ran Meng

    2013-01-01

    Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a member of the flavone subclass of flavonoids present in fruits and vegetables.The involvement of autophagy in the apigenin-induced apoptotic death of human breast cancer cells was investigated.Cell proliferation and viability were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and clonogenic assays.Flow cytometry,fluorescent staining and Western blot analysis were employed to detect apoptosis and autophagy,and the role of autophagy was assessed using autophagy inhibitors.Apigenin dose-and time-dependently repressed the proliferation and clonogenic survival of the human breast cancer T47D and MDA-MB-231 cell lines.The death of T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells was due to apoptosis associated with increased levels of Caspase3,PARP cleavage and Bax/Bcl-2 ratios.The results from flow cytometry and fluorescent staining also verified the occurrence of apoptosis.In addition,the apigenin-treated cells exhibited autophagy,as characterized by the appearance of autophagosomes under fluorescence microscopy and the accumulation of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs)by flow cytometry.Furthermore,the results of the Western blot analysis revealed that the level of LC3-Ⅱ,the processed form of LC3-Ⅰ,was increased.Treatment with the autophagy inhibitor,3-methyladenine (3-MA),significantly enhanced the apoptosis induced by apigenin,which was accompanied by an increase in the level of PARP cleavage.Similar results were also confirmed by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy.These results indicate that apigenin has apoptosis-and autophagy-inducing effects in breast cancer cells.Autophagy plays a cyto-protective role in apigenin-induced apoptosis,and the combination of apigenin and an autophagy inhibitor may be a promising strategy for breast cancer control.

  17. KMAH index and separation of PSP-waves from streamer data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrofanov, Georgy; Priimenko, Viatcheslav

    2017-08-01

    The presence of triplications (caustics) can be a serious problem in seismic data processing and analysis. The travel-time curve becomes multi-valued and the geometrical spreading correction factor tends to zero due to energy focusing. To select the regions of possible triplications (caustics) of travel-times, which can arise during the propagation of reflected seismic waves, we use the Keller-Maslov-Arnol'd-Hörmander (KMAH) index. The identification of such regions improves the selection of signals associated with target reflecting horizons and their use in solving various inverse dynamic problems, including amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) and full-waveform inversions. The importance of the KMAH index increases in 4D surveys when the structure of the model is already known, and it is necessary to conduct a detailed analysis of the shapes of seismic signals with increasing accuracy when solving inverse seismic problems. In addition, this index can be valuable when solving various marine seismic problems associated with single and converted waves, in particular with PSP-waves. The present work is dedicated to the separation of signals associated with this type of wave using surface marine seismic data. However, the proposed algorithm has a wider application. It is based on: (i) a priori information on the medium under study; (ii) ray tracing method. The ray tracing method enables the identification of the corresponding signals and the determination of the time and space intervals, in which such signals are most accurately traced. These intervals are used in the selection of target signals, particularly signals related to PSP-waves. In order to select optimal areas of observation with higher amplitudes of target signals, we use the τ -p transform. To improve the stability of the signal separation, KMAH index is used. This approach allows the elimination of possible triplications (caustics) in the travel-time curve from the selected intervals.

  18. Interdisciplinary Research on Autism: Behavioral Measures in the Development of a Mouse Model of Autism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María I. Muñoz Blanco

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Un gran número de investigación biomédica ha reportado evidencia empírica respectoa la función de neuropéptidos específicos en el desarrollo de la sintomatologíadel autismo. Se sugiere que con el fin de obtener una mayor comprensión delautismo es necesario establecer un campo de investigación interdisciplinario enel cual es integren contribuciones tanto del Análisis Comportamental como de laBiología. En este estudio interdisciplinario preliminar, ratonas gestantes fueroninyectadas con lipopolisacárido – LPS (grupo experimental en el 17avo día degestación. Las camadas de estas ratonas fueron comparadas con camadas controlque no fueron inyectadas. Las mediciones de interacción social se realizaronen dos periodos, juvenil y adulto joven, utilizando un diseño ABAB que consistióen la presencia o ausencia de la madre en la cámara experimental. La interacciónsocial de cada cría se evaluó observando el número de acercamientos haciala madre. El promedio de velocidad, entendida como distancia recorrida sobretiempo, de cada ratón también fue calculado para cada sesión. Se concluye quees necesario un mayor refinamiento de la medida de interacción social utilizada,y que la introducción de una medida de desarrollo comportamental sería útil enla construcción de un modelo animal de autismo.

  19. Hospital communication between perception and cost savings: an Italian case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennacchini, M; Pensieri, C; Binetti, P

    2012-07-01

    Communication field is very much studied by Companies but not so much from the Italian NHS. We aim to study the suffering communication that patients, relatives and customers feel when they approach a hospital. The research was carried out in an Italian region: Lazio. The Objective was to take a picture of the current state of Regional Health-Care System (RHS) communication by local Visual Communication (VC), telematic, internal perception, communication propensity and perception of hospital's brand. We have sampled 7 hospitals (114 items): Web-site's analysis, Location's VC, Urp's manager interview, Focus-group, Analysis Valuator of the Hospital's Brand (AVoHB). WEB: 14% of web-sites had a positive score, 86% had an Hospital Service Guide, 43% hadn't Urp's e-mail, 29% had a ward's map, 0% was W3C. Average: -17pt. on ±74pt. VISUAL COMMUNICATION: 100% had a Help-desk at the entrance, 100% had readable signpost, 43% had a readable badge, 29% had chromatic signpost, 0% had an assistance signpost and none of them had the Toilettes signpost. Average: -10,42pt. on ±58pt. FOCUS-GROUP: Staff underline their very high interest in interpersonal communication. They report a lack of VC inside their hospitals that cannot help patients to be self-oriented. Lost users can only ask information to the first doctor they see, taking staff time, which is already lacked. AVOHB: Powergrid shows that the positioning of the Aggregated Brand (RHS) and of each hospital analyzed are in the III quadrant. By a Corporate Communication point of view we can see that almost all companies reach a good level in terms of effective communication but none of them excel in all critical areas for an effective communication.

  20. Highly-optimized TWSM software package for seismic diffraction modeling adapted for GPU-cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zyatkov, Nikolay; Ayzenberg, Alena; Aizenberg, Arkady

    2015-04-01

    Oil producing companies concern to increase resolution capability of seismic data for complex oil-and-gas bearing deposits connected with salt domes, basalt traps, reefs, lenses, etc. Known methods of seismic wave theory define shape of hydrocarbon accumulation with nonsufficient resolution, since they do not account for multiple diffractions explicitly. We elaborate alternative seismic wave theory in terms of operators of propagation in layers and reflection-transmission at curved interfaces. Approximation of this theory is realized in the seismic frequency range as the Tip-Wave Superposition Method (TWSM). TWSM based on the operator theory allows to evaluate of wavefield in bounded domains/layers with geometrical shadow zones (in nature it can be: salt domes, basalt traps, reefs, lenses, etc.) accounting for so-called cascade diffraction. Cascade diffraction includes edge waves from sharp edges, creeping waves near concave parts of interfaces, waves of the whispering galleries near convex parts of interfaces, etc. The basic algorithm of TWSM package is based on multiplication of large-size matrices (make hundreds of terabytes in size). We use advanced information technologies for effective realization of numerical procedures of the TWSM. In particular, we actively use NVIDIA CUDA technology and GPU accelerators allowing to significantly improve the performance of the TWSM software package, that is important in using it for direct and inverse problems. The accuracy, stability and efficiency of the algorithm are justified by numerical examples with curved interfaces. TWSM package and its separate components can be used in different modeling tasks such as planning of acquisition systems, physical interpretation of laboratory modeling, modeling of individual waves of different types and in some inverse tasks such as imaging in case of laterally inhomogeneous overburden, AVO inversion.

  1. A Study on the Performance and Electrochemistry of Bryophyllum pinnatum Leaf (BPL) Electrochemical Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Mamun, Mohammad; Khan, M. I.; Sarker, M. H.; Khan, K. A.; Shajahan, M.; Professor K. A. Khan Team

    2017-01-01

    The study was carried out to investigate on an innovative invention, Pathor Kuchi Leaf (PKL) electrochemical cell, which is fueled with PKL sap of widely available plant called Bryophyllum pinnatum as an energy source for use in PKL battery to generate electricity. This battery, a primary source of electricity, has several order of magnitude longer shelf-lives than the traditional Galvanic cell battery, is still under investigation. In this regard, we have conducted some experiments using various instruments including Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), Ultra-Violet Visible spectrophotometer (UV-Vis), pH meter, Ampere-Volt-Ohm Meter (AVO Meter) etc. The AAS, UV-Vis and pH metric analysis data provided that the potential and current were produced as the Zn electrode itself acts as reductant while Cu2+ and H+ ions are behaving as oxidant. The significant influence of secondary salt on current and potential leads to the dissociation of weak organic acids in PKL juice, and subsequent enrichment to the reactant ions by the secondary salt effects. However, the liquid junction potential was not as great as minimized with the opposite transference of organic acid anions and H+ ions as their dissimilar ionic mobilities. Moreover, the large value of equilibrium constant (K) implies the big change in Gibbs free energy (ΔG), revealed the additional electrical work in presence of PKL sap. This easily fabricated high performance PKL battery can show an excellent promise during the off-peak across the country-side. Dept. of Physics and Dept. of Chemistry.

  2. Iterative Multiparameter Elastic Waveform Inversion Using Prestack Time Imaging and Kirchhoff approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaniani, Hassan

    This thesis proposes a "standard strategy" for iterative inversion of elastic properties from the seismic reflection data. The term "standard" refers to the current hands-on commercial techniques that are used for the seismic imaging and inverse problem. The method is established to reduce the computation time associated with elastic Full Waveform Inversion (FWI) methods. It makes use of AVO analysis, prestack time migration and corresponding forward modeling in an iterative scheme. The main objective is to describe the iterative inversion procedure used in seismic reflection data using simplified mathematical expression and their numerical applications. The frame work of the inversion is similar to (FWI) method but with less computational costs. The reduction of computational costs depends on the data conditioning (with or without multiple data), the level of the complexity of geological model and acquisition condition such as Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). Many processing methods consider multiple events as noise and remove it from the data. This is the motivation for reducing the computational cost associated with Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) forward modeling and Reverse Time Migration (RTM)-based techniques. Therefore, a one-way solution of the wave equation for inversion is implemented. While less computationally intensive depth imaging methods are available by iterative coupling of ray theory and the Born approximation, it is shown that we can further reduce the cost of inversion by dropping the cost of ray tracing for traveltime estimation in a way similar to standard Prestack Time Migration (PSTM) and the corresponding forward modeling. This requires the model to have smooth lateral variations in elastic properties, so that the traveltime of the scatterpoints can be approximated by a Double Square Root (DSR) equation. To represent a more realistic and stable solution of the inverse problem, while considering the phase of supercritical angles, the

  3. Optical satellite data volcano monitoring: a multi-sensor rapid response system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duda, Kenneth A.; Ramsey, Michael; Wessels, Rick L.; Dehn, Jonathan

    2009-01-01

    In this chapter, the use of satellite remote sensing to monitor active geological processes is described. Specifically, threats posed by volcanic eruptions are briefly outlined, and essential monitoring requirements are discussed. As an application example, a collaborative, multi-agency operational volcano monitoring system in the north Pacific is highlighted with a focus on the 2007 eruption of Kliuchevskoi volcano, Russia. The data from this system have been used since 2004 to detect the onset of volcanic activity, support the emergency response to large eruptions, and assess the volcanic products produced following the eruption. The overall utility of such integrative assessments is also summarized. The work described in this chapter was originally funded through two National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth System Science research grants that focused on the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument. A skilled team of volcanologists, geologists, satellite tasking experts, satellite ground system experts, system engineers and software developers collaborated to accomplish the objectives. The first project, Automation of the ASTER Emergency Data Acquisition Protocol for Scientific Analysis, Disaster Monitoring, and Preparedness, established the original collaborative research and monitoring program between the University of Pittsburgh (UP), the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), the NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, and affiliates on the ASTER Science Team at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) as well as associates at the Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC) in Japan. This grant, completed in 2008, also allowed for detailed volcanic analyses and data validation during three separate summer field campaigns to Kamchatka Russia. The second project, Expansion and synergistic use

  4. Reservoir characterization using production data and time-lapse seismic data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dadashpour, Mohsen

    2009-12-15

    horizontal direction, and give a significant image of fluid and pressure changes from the entire reservoir. However, the results are associated with errors and uncertainties that are related to the repeatability of data acquisition, data processing sequences, low resolution in vertical direction, lack of rock physics understanding, and an error in up-scaling and cross-scaling seismic and simulation data. This project uses exact amplitudes related to the seismic images after processing them in two different forms: Zero offset amplitudes and Amplitude versus offset (AVO) gradients. The effect of adding AVO gradients in the objective function (the misfit between responses of model and real reservoir) is discussed. One of the key issues in parameter estimation is to develop an efficient and reliable non-linear regression procedure. This procedure is based on three concepts: mathematical model, objective function and optimization algorithm. The mathematical model (Forward model) in this project consists of two parts: a Reservoir simulator and a Forward seismic model. A three phase black oil commercial simulator (ECLIPSE 100) is used to simulate fluid and pressure changes within the reservoir due to depletion and water injection. Forward seismic modeling software, based on rock physic formulations (Gassmann equation and Hertz-Mindlin model) and matrix propagating techniques developed at NTNU, is used to provide 4D seismic amplitudes from saturation and pressure changes. A new objective function which is defined as the difference between observation data and simulated data contains 4D seismic and production parts. Because these data are from different natures, integrating them still present a challenge. A key issue is the type of 4D seismic data and the weighting factor between these terms. Different scenarios and weighting factors are tested and discussed. Different optimization techniques are tested to choose the easiest, fastest and most efficient and robust optimization

  5. Kesici Delici Alet Yaralanması ile İlişkili Saldırıların Analizi Manisa’da On Yıllık Deneyim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Sunay Yavuz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Kişilerarası şiddet ile ilişkili olarak kesici-delici alet yaraları halen dünyanın pek çok ülkesinde başlıca problemlerden biri olarak kabul edilmesine rağmen, Türkiye'de sıklığı henüz belirlenmemiştir. Bu çalışmamn amaçları; kesici-delici alet yaralanmaları ile ilişkili saldırıların, mağdur ve faillerin analizini yapmak; daha önce yayımlanmış veriler ile karşılaştırmak ve Türkiye için ııygun önlemleri tanımlamaktır ve bu amaçla 238 kesici-delici alet saldırısı olgusu, 2002 ve 2012 arasında Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Hastanesi Adli Tıp Polikliniği'nde değerlendirilmiştir. Mağdurların ve saldırganların çoğu erkekti (%94.5; %96.5ve 20-39 yaş aralığında idi (%60.1; %67.3. Kesici-delici alet yaralarının büyük bölümü bıçak ve çakılar ile oluşturulmuştu (%81. Saldırılar çoğunlukla caddelerde (%40.3 ve halka açık alanlarda (%36.2 ve gece saatlerinde (%3 1.1 meydana gelmişti. Yaralanmaların çoğu yumuşak doku yaralanmaları (%73.8 idi ve genellikle intratorasik organlar ve/veya damarlar (%40.8 etkilenmişti. Mağdurların %37,4'ü yaşamsal tehl ikeye, %21 'i çeşitli sekellere manız kalmıştı. Suç önleme çabalan bağlamında, kesici-delici alet ile saldırılann gerçek çözümünde; eğitsel, sosyo-kültürel ve ekonomik çabaların yanı sıra; bıçak taşımaya karşı mevzuatın yürürlüğe konulması ve özellikle geceleri olmak üzere sokaklarda ve kamuya açık yerlerde polis denetimlerinin arttırılması önem taşımaktadır. Anahtar kelimeler: Şiddet, yaralar, bıçak, suç, adli tıp

  6. AN ASSAY ON A TURKISH FOLK MUSIC SONG FROM FENOMENOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE : 'YÜCE DAĞ BAŞINDA YANAR BİR IŞIK' FENOMENOLOJİK AÇIDAN BİR TÜRKÜ ÇÖZÜMLEMESİ: ‘YÜCE DAĞ BAŞINDA YANAR BİR IŞIK’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sema ÖZHER KOÇ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Fairy tales, myths and legends, such as oral narratives of culture, on the one hand tells, by a symbolic language, changes and formations of national consciousness, other hand from universal mean contributes the string of existential values of people. Turkish folk songs bears great suffers, seperateness and happiness of Turkish society. They tells that from local dimensions to universal perspectives. So songs can be named as cultural memory element. Generally Turkish folk songs systematically have been studied comprehensively. They have not been classified to their topics and formal features and considered as simple texts. An assay on texts from fenomonoligical perspective may attribute to expose uncover layers of multi faceted meaning of folk narratives. Also that may reflects the fear, anxiety, hope, joy of subject and object that finds a life in songs. So we consider that will help to understand 'human'. Masal, efsane, destan ve mit gibi sözlü kültüre ait anlatılar bir yandan milli bilince ait değişim ve oluşumları simgesel bir dille anlatırken diğer yandan evrensel anlamda insanın varoluşsal değerler dizgesine katkı sağlar. Türk insanının büyük acılar, ayrılıklar ve sevinçler karşısındaki duyarlılığını yerelden evrensele genişleyen bir perspektif içerisinde açımlanabilecek biçimde anlatan türküleri de -bir kültürel bellek öğesi olarak- bu anlatılara dahil etmek yerinde olacaktır. Genel olarak konu ve biçimsel özellikleri bakımından tasnif edilmiş; yalın bir anlatıya sahip olduğu söylenerek bildirişim düzeyinde okunmuş türküler, metinde yer alan çağrışımsal anlam zenginliği bakımından sistematik biçimde henüz irdelenmemiştir. Türküler üzerine fenomenolojik açıdan yapılacak metin çözümlemelerinin bu anlatılarda gizil kalmış çok boyutlu anlam tabakalarını ortaya çıkararak türkülerde varlık gösteren “özne” ve “nesne”nin korku, kaygı, umut, co

  7. Radurizasyonun Tavuk Etlerinin Duyusal, Kimyasal ve Mikrobiyolojik Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray Kolsarıcı

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Araştırmada 1, 2 ve 3 kGy dozunda uygulanan iyonize radyasyonun (Radurizasyon tavuk but ve göğüs etlerinin mikrobiyolojik, kimyasal ve duyusal kalitelerine olan etkisi üzerinde çalışılmıştır. 6-8 haftalık broilerler kesilerek but ve göğüs etlerine parçalandıktan sonra biri açık kontrol olmak üzere 5 gruba ayrılmış ve 4 grup vakum paketlenmiştir. Vakum paketi gruplardan biri vakumlu kontrol olarak ayrılırken, diğer gruplar 1, 2 ve 3 kGy olmak üzere iyonize radyasyona tabi tutulmuştur. 0. günden başlamak üzere 3’er günlük periyotlarla gruplar analize alınmış, toplam mezofilik aerob, toplam psikrofilik aerob, stafilokok ve laktik asit bakterileri ile pH ve TBA değeri belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca örneklerin duyusal özellikleri de panel oluşturularak saptanmıştır. Elde edilen tüm veriler varyans analizi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma bulgularına göre tavuk but ve göğüs etlerinde radurizasyon sonrası bakteriyel yükte azalma gözlenmiştir. Radurizasyonun toplam mezofilik aerobik ve toplam psikrofilik aerobik bakteriler üzerine olan etkisi stafilokok ve laktik asit bakterilerine kıyasla daha yüksek düzeyde olup, özellikle laktik asit bakterilerinde zayıf kalmıştır. PH ve TBA değerleri açısından radurizasyonun değişiklik yaratmadığı gözlenmiştir. Bununla birlikte 3 kGy ışınlanmış örneklerin raf ömrü 27 gün civarında olurken 2 kGy ışınlı örnekler 24 günde, 1 kGy ışınlı örnekler 18 günde, vakumlu kontroller 15 günde, açık kontroller 9 gün civarında tüketim özelliğini yitirmiştir. Duyusal değerlendirmelerde alınan sonuçlarda ışınlanmış örneklerin renk, görünüş, aroma, gevreklik gibi özellikleri kontrollere göre farklı olmayıp, tüm gruplar pazarlanabilir nitelikte bulunmuşlardır.

  8. AN EVALUATION ON THE STORY OF ÖMER SEYFETTĠN’S YALNIZ EFE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ANIMA AND ANIMUS ANİMA-ANİMUS KAVRAMLARI ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖMER SEYFETTİN’İN YALNIZ EFE HİKÂYESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YILMAZ

    2012-01-01

    ıĢa vurduğunda kadının eril yanı kolaylıkla tanınabilir. Ömer Seyfettin, Yunanlıların Ġzmir’e girmesi üzerine, memleketi saran matem havasının tesirinde kalmıĢ, umudunu yitirmiĢ halka ve sanatçılara, dağa çıkan kız kahraman “Yalnız Efe” kişiliğinde Türk halkının direnme gücünü göstermek istemiĢtir. Nitekim eserini İzmir iĢgalinden otuz beĢ gün sonra yayımlamaya baĢlar. Bu çalışmada Türk destanlarındaki savaĢçı kadın figüründen de yararlanılarak hikâye kahramanı, sözü edilen kavramlar bağlamında değerlendirilmiĢtir.

  9. Hatay İlinde Meyve Fidanı Üreten İşletmelerin Yapısı, Sorunları ve Çözüm Önerileri

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    Nuran Tapkı

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, Hatay İlinde meyve fidancılığı sektörünün yapısı ve sorunları ortaya konulmuş, çözüm önerilerinde bulunulmuştur. Bu çalışma, 92 meyve fidancılığı işletmesinde tam sayım yöntemi ile yürütülmüştür. İşletmelerde aile nüfusunun %51,15’ini ilkokul mezunları oluştururken, üniversite mezunlarının oranı %8,62 düzeyinde kalmıştır. İşletmelerde ziraat mühendisi istihdam etme oranı %2,18’dir. İşletmecilerin %64,05’i fidancılığı baba mesleği olarak yaparken, %3,37’si fidancılık eğitimi alarak bu mesleğe başlamışlardır. İşletmelerde potansiyel aile işgücü ortalama 4,22 Erkek İşgücü Birimidir (EİB. Aile işgücünün %50,71’i aktif durumdadır. İşletmelerde kullanılan toplam Erkek İşgücünün (EİG %88,48’i fidan üretiminde, %5,32’si diğer tarım faaliyetlerinde ve %5,22’si ise tarım dışı işlerde değerlendirilmektedir. İşletmelerin ortalama toplam arazi genişliği 25,74 dekar olup, bunun 12 dekarını fidan üretim arazisi oluşturmuştur. Fidan arazilerinin %74,58’i mülk, %25,42’si de kira durumdadır. İşletmelerin ortalama işletme sermayeleri ise 229.308 TL olarak hesaplanmıştır. Bölgede işletmelerin en fazla karşılaştıkları sorunlar ise; girdi fiyatları yüksekliği, birliğe üyelik için bürokratik işlemlerin çok olması, destek miktarının yetersiz olması, kalifiye eleman bulmada karşılaşılan zorluklar ile bölgede görülen hastalıklardır. Sonuç olarak, meyve fidanı üretim kapasitenin arttırılması önerilmektedir. Araştırma sonuçları, işletmelerin fidan üretim kapasitelerini artırmaları ve sorunların çözümün kolaylaştırmak için bir organizasyon altında birleşmeleri gerektiğini göstermektedir.

  10. HANDOVER OF IRAN’S INDEPENDENCE TO CURZON: 1919 ENGLAND-IRAN TREATY AND HASAN VUSUK (VUSUKUDDAVLA İRAN’IN BAĞIMSIZLIĞININ CURZON’A TESLİM EDİLMESİ: 1919 İNGİLTERE-İRAN ANLAŞMASI VE SADRAZAM HASAN VUSÛK

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    Yılmaz KARADENİZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Iran declared its neutrality before the First World War, but went into war due to England‟s and some of governors‟‟ efforts who belonged to England. During the war Iran whose lands invaded by England and Russia, lost most of its young population, and weaken politically and economically. English diplomacy which prevented Iran to enter the peace treaty agreement meeting prevented it revealing its right to other countries which caused in long term Iran, dependent on England. Curzon, who wanted Iran‟s groundwater resources and petroleum for England only, bribed grand vizier Vusukuddavla and some ministers and made a treaty with Iran. Generous offers included in treaty were not given to Iran but caused to take control over Iran‟s treasury. Inexperienced shah who got bribe and debt from England was not good on taking interventions. İran, Birinci Dünya Savaşı öncesinde tarafsız kalacağını ilan ettiği halde, İngiltere ve onun elde ettiği bir grup devlet adamı tarafından savaşın içerisine çekilmiştir. Savaş sırasında toprakları İngiltere ve Rusya‟nın işgaline uğramış, genç nüfusunun büyük bir kısmını kaybetmiş, siyasi ve ekonomik olarak yıpratılmıştır. Savaştan sonra devreye giren İngiliz diplomasisi, İran‟ın sulh konferansına dâhil olmasını ve diğer devletlere derdini anlatmasını engelleyerek kendilerine mahkûm olmasını sağlamıştır. İran‟ın petrolleri ve yer altı zenginliklerini başkalarına kaptırmak istemeyen Curzon, sadrazam Vusukuddevle ve bazı bakanları rüşvet ile elde ederek istediği şekilde bir anlaşmayı imzalatmıştır. Anlaşma ile cömertçe vaat edilen mali yardımları vermemiş, aksine İran maliyesinin tamamını kontrol altına almıştır. İngiltere‟den istediği rüşveti ve borç parayı alan tecrübesiz şah ise olaylara müdahale etmekte aciz kalmıştır.

  11. Fifth and Sixth Grade Students' Deficiencies on Word Problem Solving and Failures in the Problem Solving Process [Beşinci ve Altıncı Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Sözel Problemleri Çözme Konusundaki Yetersizlikleri ve Problem Çözümlerindeki Hataları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek Sezgin Memnun

    2014-08-01

    kalmışlar ve aritmetik işlemlerde hatalar yapmışlardır.

  12. Eşiktekiler (Batılılaşmanın İki Ucunda İki Çocuk Tipi: Ömer ve Şermin Ones At The Threshold (Two Children Types at The End of Both Sides Of Westernization: Ömer And Şermin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bedia KOÇAKOĞLU

    2013-03-01

    mer’inÇocukluğu (Omar’s Chilhood of Muallim Naci and Şermin of TevfikFikret. With this method, childhood of Muallim Naci which might becaused him to be mixed up in an affair and childhood of Fikret whichmight give birth to Haluk can be observed. Batıcılık, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda başlayıp Cumhuriyet Türkiye’sinde oldukça farklı boyutlara varan ve Batı Avrupa’nın sosyal ve bilimsel algısını, ulaşılması gereken bir hedef olarak gören yaklaşımdır. Bu görüş ilk olarak Osmanlı’da bazen ılımlı bir biçimde ortaya çıkmış, bazen çok köktenci-geleneksel kültür öğelerimizi eleştiren boyutlar kazanmıştır.Bu bağlamda öncelikle sosyal ve siyasal düzenin içinde, yaşanılan sorunların giderilmesine çalışılmış, ardından küçük çapta reform hareketleri ve modernite projesiyle ilişki kurmanın zorunlu olduğunu öneren yönetim dışındaki grupların çalışmaları eklenmiş, en nihayetinde de imparatorluğun dağılarak, ulus-devlete dönüşmesi gerçekleşmiştir.Bu evreleri yaşamış olan Osmanlı’da bu süreç -Tanzimat dönemi başta olmak üzere- oldukça netameli geçmiştir. Özellikle sosyal hayat, sanat ve edebiyat bağlamında ele alınmaya çalışılan Batı, öncelikle bu dönemde kendine sızacak bir aralık bulmuştur. Bunu izleyen Servet-i Fünun ise Batılılaşmanın daha kökten yaşanmaya başladığı bir devir olmuş, sanat ve edebiyatta özellikle Fransız edebiyatı örnek alınmıştır.Bu açıdan bakıldığında Tanzimat, Servet-i Fünun’a göre daha Doğulu kalmış, ortaya kafası karışmış ikinci dönem Tanzimat aydını ile Batılı olmaya çalışan aydın tipi çıkmıştır. Bu iki sınıf kendi algıladıkları Batıyı yaşamış ve yaşatmaya gayret etmiş, bu doğrultuda da bir gelecek nesil hayali kurmuşlardır.Şu halde daha Doğulu bir görünüm arz ederek Tanzimat’ın ikinci dönem sanatçılarından olan Muallim Naci ile Batılı Tevfik Fikret’in çocuk algısına bakmak

  13. Topotactic oxidation pathway of ScTiO3 and high-temperature structure evolution of ScTiO3.5 and Sc4Ti3O12-type phases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafi, Shahid P; Hernden, Bradley C; Cranswick, Lachlan M D; Hansen, Thomas C; Bieringer, Mario

    2012-02-06

    The novel oxide defect fluorite phase ScTiO(3.5) is formed during the topotactic oxidation of ScTiO(3) bixbyite. We report the oxidation pathway of ScTiO(3) and structure evolution of ScTiO(3.5), Sc(4)Ti(3)O(12), and related scandium-deficient phases as well as high-temperature phase transitions between room temperature and 1300 °Cusing in-situ X-ray diffraction. We provide the first detailed powder neutron diffraction study for ScTiO(3). ScTiO(3) crystallizes in the cubic bixbyite structure in space group Ia3 (206) with a = 9.7099(4) Å. The topotactic oxidation product ScTiO(3.5) crystallizes in an oxide defect fluorite structure in space group Fm3m (225) with a = 4.89199(5) Å. Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis experiments combined with in-situ X-ray powder diffraction studies illustrate a complex sequence of a topotactic oxidation pathway, phase segregation, and ion ordering at high temperatures. The optimized bulk synthesis for phase pure ScTiO(3.5) is presented. In contrast to the vanadium-based defect fluorite phases AVO(3.5+x) (A = Sc, In) the novel titanium analogue ScTiO(3.5) is stable over a wide temperature range. Above 950 °C ScTiO(3.5) undergoes decomposition with the final products being Sc(4)Ti(3)O(12) and TiO(2). Simultaneous Rietveld refinements against powder X-ray and neutron diffraction data showed that Sc(4)Ti(3)O(12) also exists in the defect fluorite structure in space group Fm3m (225) with a = 4.90077(4) Å. Sc(4)Ti(3)O(12) undergoes partial reduction in CO/Ar atmosphere to form Sc(4)Ti(3)O(11.69(2)).

  14. Integrating SAR with Optical and Thermal Remote Sensing for Operational Near Real-Time Volcano Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, F. J.; Webley, P.; Dehn, J.; Arko, S. A.; McAlpin, D. B.

    2013-12-01

    Volcanic eruptions are among the most significant hazards to human society, capable of triggering natural disasters on regional to global scales. In the last decade, remote sensing techniques have become established in operational forecasting, monitoring, and managing of volcanic hazards. Monitoring organizations, like the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), are nowadays heavily relying on remote sensing data from a variety of optical and thermal sensors to provide time-critical hazard information. Despite the high utilization of these remote sensing data to detect and monitor volcanic eruptions, the presence of clouds and a dependence on solar illumination often limit their impact on decision making processes. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) systems are widely believed to be superior to optical sensors in operational monitoring situations, due to the weather and illumination independence of their observations and the sensitivity of SAR to surface changes and deformation. Despite these benefits, the contributions of SAR to operational volcano monitoring have been limited in the past due to (1) high SAR data costs, (2) traditionally long data processing times, and (3) the low temporal sampling frequencies inherent to most SAR systems. In this study, we present improved data access, data processing, and data integration techniques that mitigate some of the above mentioned limitations and allow, for the first time, a meaningful integration of SAR into operational volcano monitoring systems. We will introduce a new database interface that was developed in cooperation with the Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) and allows for rapid and seamless data access to all of ASF's SAR data holdings. We will also present processing techniques that improve the temporal frequency with which hazard-related products can be produced. These techniques take advantage of modern signal processing technology as well as new radiometric normalization schemes, both enabling the combination of

  15. Shallow gas in Cenozoic sediments of the Southern North Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trampe, Anna F.; Lutz, Rüdiger; Franke, Dieter; Thöle, Hauke; Arfai, Jashar

    2013-04-01

    Shallow petroleum systems in the southern North Sea are known for several decades but they were not actively explored for a long time. In recent years these unconventional shallow petroleum systems are studied in greater detail and one shallow gas field (A-12) is in production in the Netherlands. Additionally, oil was encountered in Miocene sandstones in the southern Danish North Sea (Lille John well) just north of the Danish-German border. Seismic amplitude anomalies are an indication for hydrocarbons in sediments. Therefore we have mapped the occurrence of seismic amplitude anomalies in the German North Sea based on more than 25.000 km of 2D seismic data and around 4.000 km2 of 3D seismic data. Amplitude anomalies are ubiquitous phenomena in the study area. These anomalies are not only caused by hydrocarbons but also by changing lithologies e.g. peat or fluid migration. Therefore several classes of seismic anomalies, e.g. bright spots, chimneys, blanking areas and velocity pull-down were mapped. Examples for these classes were studied with AVO (amplitude variation with offset) analyses to verify the existence or non-existence of gas in the sediments. Shallow gas can be produced and transported through the dense pipeline grid of the southern and central North Sea or it could be burned offshore close to wind parks in small power plants and the electric energy then transported through the existing power connections of the wind parks. Thus enabling a continuous energy supply during calm wind periods. This study is carried out within the framework of the project "Geoscientific Potential of the German North Sea (GPDN)" in which the Cenozoic sedimentary system was mapped in great detail. A detailed model of delta evolution (Baltic river system) was developed which serves as a structural framework. The studied interval is time equivalent to the Utsira formation which is used offshore Norway for sequestration of CO2. These different possibilities of using or exploiting

  16. Global transcriptional analysis of nitrogen fixation and ammonium repression in root-associated Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Wei

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Biological nitrogen fixation is highly controlled at the transcriptional level by regulatory networks that respond to the availability of fixed nitrogen. In many diazotrophs, addition of excess ammonium in the growth medium results in immediate repression of nif gene transcription. Although the regulatory cascades that control the transcription of the nif genes in proteobacteria have been well investigated, there are limited data on the kinetics of ammonium-dependent repression of nitrogen fixation. Results Here we report a global transcriptional profiling analysis of nitrogen fixation and ammonium repression in Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501, a root-associated and nitrogen-fixing bacterium. A total of 166 genes, including those coding for the global nitrogen regulation (Ntr and Nif-specific regulatory proteins, were upregulated under nitrogen fixation conditions but rapidly downregulated as early as 10 min after ammonium shock. Among these nitrogen fixation-inducible genes, 95 have orthologs in each of Azoarcus sp. BH72 and Azotobacter vinelandii AvoP. In particular, a 49-kb expression island containing nif and other associated genes was markedly downregulated by ammonium shock. Further functional characterization of pnfA, a new NifA-σ54-dependent gene chromosomally linked to nifHDK, is reported. This gene encodes a protein product with an amino acid sequence similar to that of five hypothetical proteins found only in diazotrophic strains. No noticeable differences in the transcription of nifHDK were detected between the wild type strain and pnfA mutant. However, the mutant strain exhibited a significant decrease in nitrogenase activity under microaerobic conditions and lost its ability to use nitrate as a terminal electron acceptor for the support of nitrogen fixation under anaerobic conditions. Conclusions Based on our results, we conclude that transcriptional regulation of nif gene expression in A1501 is mediated by the nif

  17. Real-time Volcanic Cloud Products and Predictions for Aviation Alerts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotkov, N. A.; Hughes, E. J.; da Silva, A. M., Jr.; Seftor, C. J.; Brentzel, K. W.; Hassinen, S.; Heinrichs, T. A.; Schneider, D. J.; Hoffman, R.; Myers, T.; Flynn, L. E.; Niu, J.; Theys, N.; Brenot, H. H.

    2016-12-01

    We will discuss progress of the NASA ASP project, which promotes the use of satellite volcanic SO2 (VSO2) and Ash (VA) data, and forecasting tools that enhance VA Decision Support Systems (DSS) at the VA Advisory Centers (VAACs) for prompt aviation warnings. The goals are: (1) transition NASA algorithms to NOAA for global NRT processing and integration into DSS at Washington VAAC for operational users and public dissemination; (2) Utilize Direct Broadcast capability of the Aura and SNPP satellites to process Direct Readout (DR) data at two high latitude locations in Finland and Fairbanks, Alaska to enhance VA DSS in Europe and at USGS's Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) and Alaska-VAAC; (3) Improve global Eulerian model-based VA/VSO2 forecasting and risk/cost assessments with Metron Aviation. Our global NRT OMI and OMPS data have been fully integrated into European Support to Aviation Control Service and NOAA operational web sites. We are transitioning OMPS processing to our partners at NOAA/NESDIS to integrate into operational processing environment. NASA's Suomi NPP Ozone Science Team, in conjunction with GSFC's Direct Readout Laboratory (DRL), have implemented Version 2 of the OMPS real-time DR processing package to generate VSO2 and VA products at the Geographic Information Network of Alaska (GINA) and the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI). The system provides real-time coverage over some of the most congested airspace and over many of the most active volcanoes in the world. The OMPS real time capability is now publicly available via DRL's IPOPP package. We use satellite observations to define volcanic source term estimates in the NASA GOES-5 model, which was updated allowing for the simulation of VA and VSO2 clouds. Column SO2 observations from SNPP/OMPS provide an initial estimate of the total cloud SO2 mass, and are used with backward transport analysis to make an initial cloud height estimate. Later VSO2 observations are used to "nudge" the SO2 mass

  18. Broadening the Quality and Capabilities of the EarthScope Alaska Transportable Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busby, R. W.

    2016-12-01

    In 2016, the EarthScope Transportable Array (TA) program will have 195 broadband seismic stations operating in Alaska and western Canada. This ambitious project will culminate in a network of 268 new or upgraded real-time seismic stations operating through 2019. The challenging environmental conditions and the remoteness of Alaska have motivated a new method for constructing a high-quality, temporary seismic network. The Alaska TA station design builds on experience of the Lower 48 TA deployment and adds design requirements because most stations are accessible only by helicopter. The stations utilize new high-performance posthole sensors, a specially built hammer/auger drill, and lightweight lithium ion batteries to minimize sling loads. A uniform station design enables a modest crew to build the network on a short timeline and operate them through the difficult conditions of rural Alaska. The Alaska TA deployment has increased the quality of seismic data, with some well-sited 2-3 m posthole stations approaching the performance of permanent Global Seismic Network stations emplaced in 100 m boreholes. The real-time data access, power budget, protective enclosure and remote logistics of these TA stations has attracted collaborations with NASA, NOAA, USGS, AVO and other organizations to add auxiliary sensors to the suite of instruments at many TA stations. Strong motion sensors have been added to (18) stations near the subduction trench to complement SM stations operated by AEC, ANSS and GSN. All TA and most upgraded stations have pressure and infrasound sensors, and 150 TA stations are receiving a Vaisala weather sensor, supplied by the National Weather Service Alaska Region and NASA, capable of measuring temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind speed/direction, and precipitation intensity. We are also installing about (40) autonomous soil temperature profile kits adjacent to northern stations. While the priority continues to be collecting seismic data, these

  19. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

    2001-05-01

    This semi-annual technical progress report is for Task 4 site evaluation, Task 5 seismic reflection design and acquisition, and Task 6 seismic reflection processing and interpretation on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford. During this reporting period the project had an ASME peer review. The findings and recommendation of the review panel, as well at the project team response to comments, are in Appendix A. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM and the peer review it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as monitoring to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. Under the rescope of the project, Task 4 would be performed at the Charleston Navy Weapons Station, Charleston, SC and not at the Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) project at SRS. The project team had already completed Task 4 at the M-area seepage basin, only a few hundred yards away from the DUS site. Because the geology is the same, Task 4 was not necessary. However, a Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) was conducted in one well to calibrate the geology to the seismic data. The first deployment to the DUS Site (Tasks 5 and 6) has been completed. Once the steam has been turned off these tasks will be performed again to compare the results to the pre-steam data. The results from the first deployment to the DUS site indicated a seismic amplitude anomaly at the location and depths of the known high concentrations of DNAPL. The deployment to another site with different geologic conditions was supposed to occur during this reporting period. The first site selected was DOE Paducah, Kentucky. After almost eight months of negotiation, site access was denied requiring the selection of another site

  20. A comparison between two global optimization algorithms (genetic and differential evolution) to calculate the reflection coefficients in fractured media; Uma comparacao entre dois algoritmos de otimizacao global (algoritmo genetico e evolucao diferencial) para inversao de coeficientes de reflexao em meios fraturados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanzeler, Francisco Joclean Alves

    1999-06-01

    P-wave the elastic parameter of fractured media and contribute to improve the use of azimuthal AVO analyses. (author)

  1. Children with Burn Injury Have Impaired Cardiac Output during Submaximal Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivas, Eric; Herndon, David N; Beck, Kenneth C; Suman, Oscar E

    2017-10-01

    Burn trauma damages resting cardiac function; however, it is currently unknown if the cardiovascular response to exercise is likewise impaired. We tested the hypothesis that, in children, burn injury lowers cardiac output (Q˙) and stroke volume (SV) during submaximal exercise. Five children with 49% ± 4% total body surface area (BSA) burned (two female, 11.7 ± 1 yr, 40.4 ± 18 kg, 141.1 ± 9 cm) and eight similar nonburned controls (five female, 12.5 ± 2 yr, 58.0 ± 17 kg, 147.3 ± 12 cm) with comparable exercise capacity (peak oxygen consumption [peak V˙O2]: 31.9 ± 11 vs 36.8 ± 8 mL O2·kg·min, P = 0.39) participated. The exercise protocol entailed a preexercise (pre-EX) rest period followed by 3-min exercise stages at 20 W and 50 W. V˙O2, HR, Q˙ (via nonrebreathing), SV (Q˙/HR), and arteriovenous O2 difference ([a-v]O2diff, Q˙/ V˙O2) were the primary outcome variables. Using a 2-way factorial ANOVA (group [G] × exercise [EX]), we found that Q˙ was approximately 27% lower in the burned than the nonburned group at 20 W of exercise (burned 5.7 ± 1.0 vs nonburned: 7.9 ± 1.8 L·min) and 50 W of exercise (burned 6.9 ± 1.6 vs nonburned 9.2 ± 3.2 L·min) (G-EX interaction, P = 0.012). SV did not change from rest to exercise in burned children but increased by approximately 24% in the nonburned group (main effect for EX, P = 0.046). Neither [a-v] O2diff nor V˙O2 differed between groups at rest or exercise, but HR response to exercise was reduced in the burn group (G-EX interaction, P = 0.004). When normalized to BSA, SV (index) was similar between groups; however, Q˙ (index) remained attenuated in the burned group (G-EX interaction, P exercise. Further investigation of hemodynamic function during exercise will provide insights important for cardiovascular rehabilitation in burned children.

  2. Influence of treatment in multiple sclerosis dysability: an open, retrospective, non-randomized long-term analysis Influência do tratamento na incapacidade da esclerose múltipla: estudo aberto, retrospectivo e não randomizado em longo prazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lineu Cesar Werneck

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The efficacies of immunosuppressive (IMS and immunomodulatory (IMM drugs for multiple sclerosis (MS have been reported in several studies. These agents can reduce relapse rates and lesions observed by magnetic resonance imaging studies. However, the effect of these medications in disability progression over 4 years is rarely examined. OBJECTIVE: To study the disabilities associated with MS patients after a long time period and to analyze the therapeutic influence of different types of treatments in patient disease progression. METHOD: This is an open, uncontrolled, non-randomized, retrospective study of the disease progression using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS and the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score (MSSS in 155 cases of MS, which were 76% female with a mean age of onset of 30.21±9.70. The follow-up period was 115.39±88.08 months (median 92, 3 to 447 months. These cases were submitted to the following 277 different therapeutic procedures: 62 without IMS or IMM therapy (SYT (just corticosteroids, 53 with azathioprine (AZA, 53 interferon-β (IFNβ-1b 250 µg (BET, 55 IFNβ-1a 22 µg (R22, 19 IFNβ-1a 30 µg (AVO, 15 IFNβ-1a 44 µg (R44, 15 glatiramer acetate (COP 20 mg, and 5 cases with mitoxantrone (MIT. RESULTS: The median EDSS group was 2.00 (0 to 5.5, mean 1.89±1.52 at the onset of each treatment and 2.50 (0 to 9, mean 3.06±2.18 at the end. The median initial MSSS was 3.34 (0.25 to 9.50, mean 3.94±2.91 and the final medial was 3.90 (0.05 to 9.88, mean 4.02±2.78. The EDSS between initial and final score for the whole group had statistically significant progression, as well as for the sub-groups SYT, AZA, BET and R22. No statistically significance difference was found in the MSSS between initial and final scores in the whole group or treatment sub-groups. The variation between the initial and final EDSS and MSSS among the types of treatments found no statistical significance for any group. CONCLUSION: In this study series

  3. The calembour in Rabbi Raphael Aharon Monsonego’s “Neot midbar”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavi, Tamar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Rabbi Raphael Aharon Monsonego was a Moroccan rabbi who lived in the 18th-19th centuries. His literary creation is extensive, and apart from halachic texts he wrote a series of poems that are characterized by abundant use of the calembour technique. The calembour (in English, pun is a specific type of allusion used by North African Jewish poets and writers. Like all allusions it is based on “a meeting of two texts, one implicit – i.e., in our consciousness and memory, and the other explicit – i.e., in the actual text in front of us.” A calembour differs from other types of allusions in that it consists of “phonetic and spelling changes in the words, idioms and fragmented verses in order to gain a humorous effect and other associative allusion.” Namely, in the calembour a word or phrase from a biblical or rabbinic text is presented “with a minimal change in letter or vowel etc. […] creating a witticism or a new meaning.” The author assumes, then, that the reader is able to intuitively identify the original text despite the changes made and even enjoy and appreciate the linguistic witticism since he is well-versed in the Jewish sources (especially the Hebrew Bible and halachic literature. The aim of this paper is to examine the use of the calembour in Monsonego’s poetry through several examples of its different forms and especially through the analysis of one of the poems that features a larger use of this technique: “Im omar avo ha-‘ir” (‘If I resolve to arouse lament’.R. Raphael Aharón Monsonego fue un rabino marroquí que vivió entre los siglos XVIII y XIX. Su extensa obra literaria incluye textos religiosos de la Halajá, como también poemas que se caracterizan por el frecuente recurso a la técnica del calambur, por la cual hace referencia a versos bíblicos en un contexto diferente. El calambur es un artificio lingüístico, un tipo de alusión utilizada por poetas judíos del norte de África, que est

  4. Time lapse seismic observations and effects of reservoir compressibility at Teal South oil field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Nayyer

    One of the original ocean-bottom time-lapse seismic studies was performed at the Teal South oil field in the Gulf of Mexico during the late 1990's. This work reexamines some aspects of previous work using modern analysis techniques to provide improved quantitative interpretations. Using three-dimensional volume visualization of legacy data and the two phases of post-production time-lapse data, I provide additional insight into the fluid migration pathways and the pressure communication between different reservoirs, separated by faults. This work supports a conclusion from previous studies that production from one reservoir caused regional pressure decline that in turn resulted in liberation of gas from multiple surrounding unproduced reservoirs. I also provide an explanation for unusual time-lapse changes in amplitude-versus-offset (AVO) data related to the compaction of the producing reservoir which, in turn, changed an isotropic medium to an anisotropic medium. In the first part of this work, I examine regional changes in seismic response due to the production of oil and gas from one reservoir. The previous studies primarily used two post-production ocean-bottom surveys (Phase I and Phase II), and not the legacy streamer data, due to the unavailability of legacy prestack data and very different acquisition parameters. In order to incorporate the legacy data in the present study, all three post-stack data sets were cross-equalized and examined using instantaneous amplitude and energy volumes. This approach appears quite effective and helps to suppress changes unrelated to production while emphasizing those large-amplitude changes that are related to production in this noisy (by current standards) suite of data. I examine the multiple data sets first by using the instantaneous amplitude and energy attributes, and then also examine specific apparent time-lapse changes through direct comparisons of seismic traces. In so doing, I identify time-delays that, when

  5. İkinci Dünya Savaşı Sonrasında Sovyet Tehdidi Karşısında Kalan Türkiye'nin Batı İle İşbirliği Yapma Süreci After the Second World War Against the Soviet Threat in Western Turkey to Cooperate With the Remaining Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman YALÇIN

    2013-07-01

    şmüştür.Savaşın sona ermesi ile savaşan taraflar silah bırakmasına rağmen Türkiye 1.700.000 askeri silâhaltında tutmak zorunda kalmıştır. Ekonomik sorunlar ve ülkenin Sovyetler Birliği tarafından tehdit edilmesi oldukça önemli bir problem sahası olmuştur. Bu durum karşısında Türkiye, Batılı ülkeler ile ilişkilerini geliştirmek için yeni arayışlara girmiştir. Türk ordusunun gereksinimleri için Amerikan yardımı alınmıştır. Amerikan yardımları; Truman Doktrini ve Marşal Yardımı isimleri ile bilinmektedir. Marşal Yardımına sonradan dâhil olan Türkiye bu kapsamda desteklenmiştir. Bu desteğin bir sonucu olarak silah sistemleri oldukça ucuza alınmıştır. Bir süre sonra ise alınan silah sistemlerinin yedek parçaları önemli bir maliyet oluşturmuştur.Savaş, Avrupa’da tarihin en büyük yıkımına neden olmuştur. Öyle ki, Birinci Dünya Savaşı sonunda ekonomisi çökmeye başlayan ve iki dünya savaşı arasında bu durumu toparlamaya çalışan başta İngiltere olmak üzere Avrupa’nın ve dünyanın belirleyici güçleri için bu savaş büyük bir yıkım olmuştur. Dünyada önemli bir güç dengesi dönüşümü ve eksen kayması yaşanmıştır. Ne var ki, yeni güç odakları tecrübe yoksunudurlar ve gelecekle ilgili öngörüleri hemen hemen yok derecesindedir. Yalta ve Potsdam Konferanslarında alınan kararlar bu durumun belgesi hükmündedir. Öte yandan savaş yıllarında savaşan taraflar beklenmedik ittifaklar yapmışlar ve bu durum savaşın tam da ortasında kalan Türkiye için büyük riskleri beraberinde getirmiştir. Türkiye, tarafını değişen dengeler sebebiyle savaşın sonuna kadar netleştirememiştir. Türkiye bulunduğu konum itibariyle savaşan tarafların ortasında kalan bir ülke olarak tarafların yoğun baskısına maruz kalmıştır. Ancak bununla birlikte Batı çizgisine daha yakın durduğu da bir gerçektir. Savaşın sonunda çöken Batı dünyası kendini

  6. Astronomical virtual observatory and the place and role of Bulgarian one

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrov, Georgi; Dechev, Momchil; Slavcheva-Mihova, Luba; Duchlev, Peter; Mihov, Bojko; Kochev, Valentin; Bachev, Rumen

    2009-07-01

    Virtual observatory could be defined as a collection of integrated astronomical data archives and software tools that utilize computer networks to create an environment in which research can be conducted. Several countries have initiated national virtual observatory programs that combine existing databases from ground-based and orbiting observatories, scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. As a result, data from all the world's major observatories will be available to all users and to the public. This is significant not only because of the immense volume of astronomical data but also because the data on stars and galaxies has been compiled from observations in a variety of wavelengths-optical, radio, infrared, gamma ray, X-ray and more. In a virtual observatory environment, all of this data is integrated so that it can be synthesized and used in a given study. During the autumn of the 2001 (26.09.2001) six organizations from Europe put the establishment of the Astronomical Virtual Observatory (AVO)-ESO, ESA, Astrogrid, CDS, CNRS, Jodrell Bank (Dolensky et al., 2003). Its aims have been outlined as follows: - To provide comparative analysis of large sets of multiwavelength data; - To reuse data collected by a single source; - To provide uniform access to data; - To make data available to less-advantaged communities; - To be an educational tool. The Virtual observatory includes: - Tools that make it easy to locate and retrieve data from catalogues, archives, and databases worldwide; - Tools for data analysis, simulation, and visualization; - Tools to compare observations with results obtained from models, simulations and theory; - Interoperability: services that can be used regardless of the clients computing platform, operating system and software capabilities; - Access to data in near real-time, archived data and historical data; - Additional information - documentation, user-guides, reports

  7. Volcano-Monitoring Instrumentation in the United States, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guffanti, Marianne; Diefenbach, Angela K.; Ewert, John W.; Ramsey, David W.; Cervelli, Peter F.; Schilling, Steven P.

    2010-01-01

    The United States is one of the most volcanically active countries in the world. According to the global volcanism database of the Smithsonian Institution, the United States (including its Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) is home to about 170 volcanoes that are in an eruptive phase, have erupted in historical time, or have not erupted recently but are young enough (eruptions within the past 10,000 years) to be capable of reawakening. From 1980 through 2008, 30 of these volcanoes erupted, several repeatedly. Volcano monitoring in the United States is carried out by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Volcano Hazards Program, which operates a system of five volcano observatories-Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO), Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), Long Valley Observatory (LVO), and Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO). The observatories issue public alerts about conditions and hazards at U.S. volcanoes in support of the USGS mandate under P.L. 93-288 (Stafford Act) to provide timely warnings of potential volcanic disasters to the affected populace and civil authorities. To make efficient use of the Nation's scientific resources, the volcano observatories operate in partnership with universities and other governmental agencies through various formal agreements. The Consortium of U.S. Volcano Observatories (CUSVO) was established in 2001 to promote scientific cooperation among the Federal, academic, and State agencies involved in observatory operations. Other groups also contribute to volcano monitoring by sponsoring long-term installation of geophysical instruments at some volcanoes for specific research projects. This report describes a database of information about permanently installed ground-based instruments used by the U.S. volcano observatories to monitor volcanic activity (unrest and eruptions). The purposes of this Volcano-Monitoring Instrumentation Database (VMID) are to (1) document the Nation's existing

  8. Seismic Anisotropy of Soft Sands, Offshore Western AUstralia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urosevic, M.; Gurevich, B.

    2007-05-01

    the VSP data. Further analysis of the soft sand anisotropy was conducted on surface seismic data. Magnitude of the overlain shale anisotropy was first established by measurements in the dominant horizontal stress direction. Subsequently pre-stack reflection amplitudes measured along several azimuths were matched to expected amplitudes from anisotropic AVO modelling. The results indicate that the anisotropy of the reservoir sands is high (more than 10%) at sonic frequencies but weak (about 2-3%), at seismic frequencies. We think this anisotropy is caused by the preferential closure of compliant inter-granular contacts oriented perpendicular to the principal horizontal stress. The effect is weaker at seismic frequencies since the wavelength in this case involves shales as well as sand. Furthermore, sonic anisotropy could have also been affected by the local stress conditions around the wellbore.

  9. Multi-physics and multi-scale characterization of shale anisotropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarout, J.; Nadri, D.; Delle Piane, C.; Esteban, L.; Dewhurst, D.; Clennell, M. B.

    2012-12-01

    , P-wave velocity was measured along 100 different propagation paths on a single cylindrical shale specimen using miniature ultrasonic transducers. Assuming that (i) the elastic tensor of this shale is transversely isotropic; and (i) the sample has been cored perfectly perpendicular to the bedding plane (symmetry plane is horizontal), Thomsen's anisotropy parameters inverted from the measured velocities are: - P-wave velocity along the symmetry axis (perpendicular to the bedding plane) αo=3.45km/s; - P-wave anisotropy ɛ=0.12; - Parameter controlling the wave front geometry δ=0.058. A novel inversion algorithm allows for recovering these parameters without assuming a priori a horizontal bedding (symmetry) plane. The inversion of the same data set using this algorithm yields (i) αo=3.23km/s, ɛ=0.25 and δ=0.18, and (ii) the elastic symmetry axis is inclined of ω=30° with respect to the specimen's axis. Such difference can have strong impact on field applications (AVO, ray tracing, tomography).

  10. Muhsin Ertuğrul: Türk Sinemasının Kurucusu mu Yoksa Günah Keçisi mi? / Muhsin Ertuğrul: The Founder or the Scapegoat of Turkish Cinema?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seçkin SEVİM

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Muhsin Ertuğrul (1892-1979, Cumhuriyet’in ilk yıllarında çektiği filmlerle Türk sinemasının genetik kodlarını oluşturmuştur. Ertuğrul hakkındaki literatürde daha çok Nijat Özön’ün yazdıkları egemendir. Özön’ün eleştirilerinden yola çıkanlar, Ertuğrul’u Türk sinemasındaki olumsuzlukların sorumlusu olarak görmüşlerdir. Alim Şerif Onaran’ın çalışmaları, Muhsin Ertuğrul hakkındaki önyargılı değerlendirmelerin etkisini bir ölçüde azaltmıştır. Ne var ki yokluklar içinde mücadele etmenin ve öncü olmanın zorlukları, Ertuğrul’un bir günah keçisi olarak görülmesini engelleyememiştir. Birçok sinema tarihçisinin de ifade ettiği gibi, Muhsin Ertuğrul’un tiyatroculuğu sinemacılığına ağır basmaktadır. Ertuğrul, ancak birkaç filminde vasatın üzerine çıkabilmiştir. Onun sinema mirası birçok açıdan eleştirilebilirse de Türkiye’de sinemanın varolabilmesi için harcadığı çaba göz ardı edilemez. Teknolojiye en çok bağlı sanat dalı olan sinemayı yokluklar içinde var edebilmiş olması Muhsin Ertuğrul’u Türk sinema tarihi içinde ayrıcalıklı bir yere oturtur. Muhsin Ertuğrul’un filmleri, Kemalist modernleşme projesinin sinemadaki yansıması olarak izlenebilir. Ertuğrul, Cumhuriyet devrimlerinin hayata geçirilmesi için özveriyle mücadele etmiş bir kültür adamıdır. Türk kadınını ilk kez beyaz perdeye çıkarmakla kalmamış; tüm hayatı boyunca Cumhuriyet’in ideallerinin sanat alanındaki temsilcisi olmuştur. Bu amaçla eğitmenlik, yönetmenlik, eleştirmenlik, oyunculuk ve çevirmenlik gibi birçok misyonu aynı anda yüklenmek zorunda kalmıştır. Salgın hastalıklarla boğuşmak ve nüfusunu en azından ilkokul düzeyinde eğitmek gibi öncelikleri olan bir ülkede tiyatro ve sinema sanatının temellerini atmıştır. Nitekim bu çalışmanın amacı, Muhsin Ertuğrul’un Türk sinemasındaki kurucu rolünü ortaya

  11. Sağlık açısından toplumsal cinsiyet ve tütün kontrolü/Gender and tobacco control for health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saliha Dilek Öztoprak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Özet Tütün kullanımı son zamanlara kadar bir erkek davranışı olarak algılanmış, özellikle gelişmekte olan ülkelerdeki kadınlarda tütün kullanımı çok düşük düzeyde kalmıştır. Toplumun yüklediği roller gereği kadınlar “zayıf”, erkekler “güçlü” olarak algılanmıştır ve bu kadınları erkekler gibi güçlü olma arayışına itmiştir. Tütün endüstrisi bu durumu kendi lehine kullanarak cinsiyet normlarını değiştirmeye yönelik girişimlerde bulunmuştur. Sigarayı modern kadın olmanın, erkeklerle eşit olmanın, güçlü olmanın, özgürlüğün sembolü olarak göstermiştir. Kadınların tütün endüstrisinin ana hedefi haline gelmesiyle, tütün kullanım sıklığı açısından erkeklerle kadınlar arasındaki fark giderek kapanmaya başlamıştır. Sigara kadınlar için de büyük bir sağlık sorunu olmaya başlamıştır. Tütün kontrolünde, sigarayı cinsiyet eşitliğinin simgesi olarak gösteren anlayışla mücadeleye başlanmış, kadınları tütün endüstrisinin zararlarından korumak amaçlanmıştır. Bu makalede dünyada ve Türkiye’de sigara içme sıklığının cinsiyete ve yıllara göre nasıl değiştiğini, toplumsal cinsiyet ve tütün ilişkisini, sigaranın kadın sağlığı üzerine etkilerini ve kadınların tütün endüstrisinin ana hedefi haline nasıl geldiğini anlatmak amaçlanmıştır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Toplumsal cinsiyet, tütün endüstrisi, tütün kontrolü, sigara içme, sağlıkAbstract Until recently tobacco use has been perceived as a male behavior and especially among women in developing countries- tobacco use has remained very low. According to the roles imposed by society, women are perceived as “weak”, men are perceived as “strong” and this has led women to seek to be as strong as men. The tobacco industry has attempted to change gender norms by using this situation to its own advantage, showing the cigarette as a symbol of

  12. Bâkî’nin Pervane Bey Mecmuası’nda Yer Alan Yayımlanmamış Gazelleri Bâkî’s Unpublished Ghazals In The Macmua Of Pervane Bey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaşkan Cem BAHADIR

    2013-03-01

    iirler, Bâkî Divanı yayıma hazırlanırken ulaşılamayacak nüshalar veya mecmualar içinde kalmış ve Bâkî Divanı’na eklenememiştir. Bâkî Divanı’nın Türkiye ve Avrupa kütüphanelerinde yüzü aşkın yazma nüshası mevcuttur. Bâkî Divanı’nın bugüne kadar üç baskısı yapılmıştır. Bu çalışmalar Rudolf Dvorak, Sadettin Nüzhet Ergun ve Sabahattin Küçük tarafından hazırlanmıştır.Hazırlanan çalışmaya konu olan ve Bâkî’ye ait olup yayımlanmış divanında yer almayan şiirler Pervâne b. Abdullah tarafından 1560 yılında derlenen ve Pervane Bey Mecmuası olarak bilinen Mecmûa‘tü’n-Nezâ’ir isimli nazire mecmuasında yer almaktadır. Pervane Bey Mecmuası 627 varaktan müteşekkil çok hacimli bir eserdir. Hazırlanan çalışmada eser üzerinde Marmara Üniversitesi’nde 2001 yılından 2006 yılına kadar yapılan toplam 23 adet yüksek lisans tezi taranmıştır. Bu tarama sonucunda Bâkî’ye ait 28 gazelin yayımlanan divanında olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Bu gazeller yeniden okunarak –varsa- hatalar, eksiklikler düzeltilmiş ve Bâkî’nin yayımlanmamış şiirlerini içeren makalelerle de karşılaştırılması yapılarak ilim âlemine sunulmuştur.

  13. Bilmecelerin Dil-Düşünme Bağlamında Eğitimdeki Yeri ve Önemi The Place and Importance of Riddles in the Context of Language and Thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Emine BALTA

    2013-03-01

    bilmeceler, eski popülerliğini kaybetmiştir. Yaşam koşullarının farklılaşması, sosyal ortamların niteliğini değişmesi, bireyselleşme ve benzer sebepler, insanların ihtiyaçları ve anlayışlarında olduğu gibi ilgi ve zevklerini de değiştirdiği için bu durum normal karşılanabilir.Akademik anlamda, bilmeceler ile ilgili çalışmalar halkbilim sahasında sınırlı kalmıştır. Bu sahada yapılmış olan değerli çalışmalar ise eğitim-öğretim boyutunda yeteri kadar değerlendirilmemiştir. Eğitim öğretim alanında da bilmecelere yeteri kadar yer verilmediği görülmektedir. Oysa bilmeceler, dil ve kavram öğretiminde, bunlarla yakından ilişkili olan düşünme öğretiminde de başarı sağlamada araç olarak kullanılabilecek zenginlik ve derinlik özelliğine sahiptir. Eğitim-öğretim sürecinde, bilmecelerin en önemli katkısı, anadili eğitiminde görülür. Kavram öğretiminde ve kelime hazinesini zenginleştirmede bilmeceler yardımcı araç olarak görülebilir. Bilmecede cevabı arama süreci dinamiktir; birey, zihninden geçen tüm kavramları soruda belirtilen özellikleri ile karşılaştırır. Açık bir ifadeyle bilmeceler üst düzey düşünme becerilerinden olan yaratıcı düşünme, eleştirel düşünme ve problem çözme becerileri ile ilişkilidir. Bilmecelerin eğitsel ve düşünsel bağlamda değerinin farkına varılmalı ve diğer edebi türler gibi eğitim ortamlarına dahil edilmelidir. Bu çalışmada, bilmece türünün eğitim-öğretimde etkili bir araç, zengin bir uyaran olarak yeri ve önemi belirlenmiş ve açıklanmıştır.

  14. Bölgesel Gelişmişlik Farklılıklarının Bir SosyoEkonomik Politika Göstergesi Olan Sağlık Verileri Kapsamında Değerlendirilmesi: TRB1 Bölgesi Örneği (As A Socio-Economic Policy, Researching Regional Development Differences With Health Datas: TRB1 Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rıza GÖKBUNAR

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With globalization, countries interact with each other in many areas. With innovations brought by the technology, there are rapid development process in the field of economy,education, health etc. Indeed, some countries and regions grow rapidly, while some regions also faced problems in terms of economic and social development. So, today we hear about the concepts of decentralization and regionalization with the globalization. In our country, to solve the regional development, there are different regional classification and this policy aims to determine undeveloped regions and aims to serve the purpose. In this concept, development agencies, local and central authorities carry out different policies. Our study aims to show the health indication differences between Turkey and TRB1 region. The scope of the data examined, increasing trend in public investments including health investments is the same in Turkey and TRB1 region. The growth rate of new health personnel in the region in the period under review is located above on the average of Turkey. And again number of beds per one hundred thousand people in the region is located above the average of Turkey. As a negative indicator of the health indicators in region is only infant mortality rate is located above the average of Turkey. Küreselleşme ile birlikte ülkeler birçok alanda birbirleriyle etkileşime geçmiştir. Teknolojinin de getirdiği yeniliklerle ekonomi, eğitim, sağlık gibi alanlarda hızlı bir gelişim sürecine girilmiştir. Nitekim bazı ülkeler ve bölgeler hızla büyürken, bazı bölgeler de ekonomik ve sosyal gelişim açısından sorunlarla karşılaşmıştır. Dolayısıyla günümüzde, küreselleşmenin yanında yerelleşme ve bölgeselleşme kavramları sıkça gündeme gelir olmuşlardır. Ülkemizde bölgesel kalkınma sorununa yönelik farklı düzeylerde bölge sınıflandırılmaları yapılarak, geri kalmış bölgelerin daha iyi belirlenmesi ve bu b

  15. Halit Fahri Ozansoy'un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler Adlı Eserinde Bahçe İmajları ve Renkler Garden Images and Colors in Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s Work of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin DOĞRAMACIOĞLU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s poetry books of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler printed with old letters but not transformed to the Latin alphabet until now. In his work, garden images and colors which loaded special meaning of poet was known as hidden pearls and no research have been made on this work till now. Garden images in poetry are sometimes colorful, light and sometimes dull and dark. These images change with the with the poet's spirit world. We can visualize the garden images like an oil painting. These images drawn by the poet's words, show poet’s mood like a mirror. The colors used in the poem vary with garden images. This change appears with the change of the mental status of the poet. Thus, the poet uses the colors in accordancewith the different tables and his mood. When there are a lively andwarm colors in optimistic tables, dark and dull colors chosen inpessimistic tables. The poet's choice of the colors is not a coincidence.This selectivity included to poetry with different sensations. In his work,Ozansoy has described variety of colors in different gardens.Imagination, imagery and various emotions had been made with oneaccord in his depictions. The colors and portraits of garden form thepoet’s imagination. Colorful memories in the garden which experiencedin a darling moves from poet's imagination to the verses of the poem.Imagination, colors and gardens are described with darling. Theseimageries compose the garden images and semantic change of thecolors. Halit Fahri Ozansoy’un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler adlı şiir kitabı eski harflerle basılmış ancak günümüze kadar Latin harflerine aktarılmamıştır. Bu eserde şairin bahçe imajları ve renklere yüklediği anlamlar saklı inciler gibi gizli kalmış ve günümüze kadar üzerinde inceleme yapılmamıştır. Şiirdeki bahçe imajları bazen renkli, ışıklı ve bazen de donuk ve karanlıktır. Şairin değişen ruh dünyası ile birlikte bu imajlar da değişir. Bah

  16. Osmanlı’dan Cumhuriyete Geçişte Yahudilerin Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devleti’ne Uyum Süreci: (Moiz Kohen Örneği From The Ottoman Empire To The Turkish Republic, Adaptation Of The Jews To The State (Moiz Kohen Example

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    Şarika GEDİKLİ BERBER

    2012-12-01

    şlamış; Yahudilerin bu göçleri yaşadıkları bölgelerdeki zulümden kurtulmak için 15. yüzyıl boyunca da devam etmiştir. Bu süreçte Yahudiler genellikle Osmanlı Devleti’ne adaptasyon sorunu yaşamamışlardır. Osmanlı’nın millet sistemi içerisinde kendilerine yeni bir cemaat tanımı bulan ve yasal düzenlemelerle karşılanan Yahudiler, dinlerini, dillerini, gelenek ve göreneklerini yüzyıllar boyunca rahatça yaşamışlardır. Osmanlı son yüzyıllarında bütün dünyayı etkisi altına alan milliyetçilik akımının olumsuz etkileriyle uğraşmak zorunda kalmıştır. Milliyetçilik akımı özellikle Balkanlardan başlayarak tüm İmparatorluğu etkisi altına almıştır. Bu yüzyıllarda milletleşme sürecini tamamlayan azınlıklar, yavaş yavaş ayaklanarak bağımsızlıklarını elde etmeye başlamışlardır. Osmanlı’nın son yüzyılında bile diğer gayrimüslimlerin aksine Yahudiler, Rum ve Ermeni toplumları gibi devlet aleyhine ayaklanmamışlardır. Bunun yanısıra birçok Yahudi Milli Mücadele boyunca ve yeni devletin kurulma aşamasında devlete başkaldırmamış, isyan etmemişlerdir. Bu süreçte yeni bir Türk devletinin kuruluşu; Yahudilerin ve Yahudi entelektüellerin zihinlerinde; yeni devlete nasıl adapte olacakları, nasıl yaşayacakları sorusunu getirmişti. Bu soruyu en gerçekçi şekilde formüle eden Yahudilerden birisi, belki de en iyisi, Moiz Kohen’dir. Kohen, yeni kurulacak Türk Devleti’nde bir Yahudi nasıl var olabilir ve nasıl yer alır sorusunu akılcı bir şekilde formüle edebilmiştir.

  17. GRAMMAR BOOKS ON AHMET CEVDET PASHA AHMET CEVDET PAŞA’NIN DİL BİLGİSİ KİTAPLARI ÜZERİNE

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    Esra KARABACAK

    2012-06-01

    şılanması konuşma diliyle yazı dili arasındaki farkın giderilmesi, Arap alfabesinde yenilikler yapılması gibi pek çok konuyu ele almıştır. Cevdet Paşa’yla birlikte Tanzimat Dönemi dil öğretimi açısından önem kazanmıştır. Ahmet Cevdet Paşa, aldığı medrese eğitimi ve içinde yetiştiği kültür çevresi sebebiyle Arap dilinin etkisinde kalmış olmakla birlikte, Türkçenin bir eğitim dili olarak gelişmesi, zenginleşmesi ve sadeleşmesi konularında çok büyük çabalar harcamıştır. Batı tarzı ilk dil bilgisi kitaplarının yazarı olan Ahmet Cevdet Pa��a, kendisinden sonrakilere örnek olmuştur. Cevdet Paşa’nın dil bilgisi kitapları Türkçenin Arapça ve Farsçadan arınmaya çalışmasını ve Türkçenin Arap alfabesiyle kullanılması sırasındakiproblemleri de ele alır. Türkçede bulunmayan kategoriler Türkçe kelimelere de uyarlanmış ve bu uyarlamada Arap gramerinin etkileri de görülmüştür. Türkçe kelimelerin yapıları belirtilirken Arapçanın sistemi ele alınmıştır. Hatta dil bilgisi kitabı hazırlama konusunda bir tarz geliştirmiştir. Cevdet Paşa’dan sonra bu konuda yazılan eserlerde yazarların üsluplarına göre bir sistem oluşturulmaya çalışılsada belirli konularda yine Cevdet Paşa’yı örnek almışlardır. Ayrıca Türkçenin bir eğitim dili olarak gelişmesi hususunda da büyük çabalar harcanmıştır.

  18. Ortaöğretim 9. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Yazılı Anlatım Alan Bilgisi Başarı Düzeyleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma A Research On 9th Grade Of Secondary Education Students ' Achievement Levels Of Field Knowledge Of Writing Expression

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    Hasan BAĞCI

    2012-12-01

    ğretimin son aşamasına kadar bu becerilerinin geliştirildiği süreci içine alan bir dönemdir. Yazma becerisi bilgi, birikim ve dili etkili kullanmayı gerektirdiğinden bu sürecin okuma, dinleme/izleme, konuşma ve dil bilgisi etkinlikleriyle de desteklenmesi gerekir.Öğrencilerin yazılı anlatım metinlerini inceleyen araştırmacılar, öğrenci metinlerinde birçok eksikliğin olduğunu, öğrencilerin yazma becerilerinin beklenen yeterliliğe ulaşamadığını ifade etmektedir. Bu becerideki eksikliklerin bilgi aşamasından bilgilerin beceriye dönüştürülememesine kadar geniş bir çerçeveye dağıldığı düşünülmektedir. Bu yüzden bu çalışmanın amacı, ortaöğretim 9. sınıf öğrencilerinin Dil ve Anlatım Ders Programı’nda da ifade edilen yazma becerisine yönelik kazanım cümleleri doğrultusunda yazılı anlatım alan bilgisi düzeylerini belirlemektir. Araştırmada ayrıca öğrencilerin yazılı anlatım alan bilgisi yeterlilik düzeylerinin başta cinsiyet olmak üzere diğer değişkenlere göre de değişip değişmediği tespit edilmiştir.Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara göre, ortaöğretim 9. sınıf öğrencilerin Yazılı Anlatım Alan Bilgisi Testi genel başarı puanları ortalamaları 100 tam puan üzerinden 59 puanla sınırlı kalmıştır. Yine 9. sınıf öğrencilerinin yazılı anlatım alan bilgisi başarı düzeyleri, cinsiyet değişkenine göre anlamlı bir farklılık göstermezken öğrencilerin akademik başarına, serbest yazma etkinliği yapmalarına, günlük tutmalarına, Dil ve Anlatım dersini sevmeleri ile yazma etkinliklerinden memnun olmalarına göre ise değişmektedir. Araştırmanın sonunda elde edilen sonuçlara bağlı kalınarak Dil ve Anlatım derslerini veren öğretmenlere bazı önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

  19. Kenesarı İsyanı (1837-1847

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    Yunus Emre TANSÜ

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available XVII. yüzyılın ikinci çeyreğinde Türkistan’da Kazakların yaşadığı bölge üç büyük Hanlığa bölünmüş şekilde yönetilirken iç çatışmalar ve dış baskılar sonucunda Çarlık Rusya hükümetinin himayesini kabul etmek zorunda kalmıştır. Türk Hanedanları XVIII. yüzyılın başlarına kadar Çarlık Rusya’ya bağlı kalarak Hanlıklarını yönetmişlerdir. Fakat Çarlık Rusya, 1822’de Kazak halkı statüsü ve yaşam tüzüğü çıkartmıştır. Çarlık Rusya bu kurallara göre Türkistan’ı yönetmek ve Türkistan’ın Kazak Türklerinin yaşadığı coğrafi bölgesini tamamen himaye altına almak istemiştir. Kazak Hanlıkları artık eskisi gibi Çarlık Rusya’ya bağlı şekilde ülkelerini yönetme imkanları ellerinden alınması, Çarlık Rusya hükümetinin Kazak coğrafyasını üst olarak kullanması, Kazak topraklarında kale inşa etmeleri, Kazak halkın topraklarına el koyması ve en önemlisi de milli bağımsızlıkları ellerinden alınması isyan etmelerine neden olmuştur. Çarlık Rusya hükümetine karşı en önemli direnişi veren kişi Orta-Cüz Hanlığın Sultanı olan Abılay Han’ın torunu Kenesarı Han’dır. Çarlık Rusya’nın sömürgecilik faaliyetlerine karşı çıkan Kenesarı Han, Orta-Cüz’ün lideri olarak kendi safında Cüzleri birleştirmiş, milli kuvvet adını verdiği askeri teşkilat kurmuş, bir devlet gibi yönetmenlikler ve reformlar yaparak Çarlık Rusya’ya karşı milli bağımsızlık savaşı yapmıştır. 1842-1845 yılları Kenesarı Han’ın Çarlık Rusya’ya, Ağa Sultanlara, Beylere ve bazı Kazak Hanlıklarına karşı başarılı olduğu dönem olmuştur. 1845-1847 yılları ise Kenesarı Han’ın kan kaybettiği ve isyanın bastırıldığı dönem olmuştur. Kenesarı Han isyanının bastırılması ve öldürülmesi ise Kırgız Hanı Ormon Han tarafından gerçekleştirilmiştir.

  20. Nabi'nin Şiirlerinde Nostaljik Hususlar In the Nabi's Poems Nostalgic Issues

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    Gencay ZAVOTÇU

    2012-09-01

    zaferlerle dolu günler geride kalmıştır. Ordu, artık savaş meydanlarından zaferle ayrılamamakta, yönetenlerle yönetilenler arasındaki bağlar zayıflayıp sarsılmakta, insanlar arası ilişkiler bozulup güven azalmakta ve halk giderek yoksullaşmaktadır. Bu ve benzeri olumsuz durumlar aydınları üzmekte, halkın gören gözü, işiten kulağı ve söyleyen dili olan yazar ve şairleri sorun üzerinde düşünüp çözüm aramaya sevk etmektedir. Olumsuz olaylara sahne olan bu yüzyılda aksaklıkları ve yanlış uygulamaları dile getirip eleştiren ve geçmişteki olumlu örneklere atıfta bulunan aydınlardan biri de Nâbî’dir. Nâbî’nin geçmişteki mutlu, huzurlu, sağlıklı ve çeşitli yönlerden hayırla yad olunan yıllara özlem duymasının temelinde yaşadığı dönemin olumlu özelliklere sahip olmaması, iç açıcı bir görünüm arz etmemesi, geçmişi aratacak nitelikte bozukluklar içermesi ve bütün bunların yanında inançlı ve sağlam bir kişiliğe sahip olması etkili olur. Onun şiir ve mesnevilerinde temas ettiği bozuklukların ekseninde insan vardır. Nâbî’nin eserlerinde nostalji kapsamında değerlendirilebilecek hususlara ağırlıklı olarak Hayriyye adlı eserinde değinilir. Nâbî Dîvânı’nda geçmişe özlemi çağrıştıran şiirlerin gitmiş, kalmamış, tükenmiş ve unudulmuş redifli gazeller olduğunu söylemek yanlış olmaz. Diğer bir deyişle, Nâbî Dîvânı’nda nostaljik konuların işlendiği şiirlerin ilk akla gelenleri ve en belirgin olanları gitmiş, kalmamış, tükenmiş ve unudulmuş redifli gazellerdir. Bu gazellerde genel olarak âile, yakın çevre, toplum ve millet düzeyinde geçmişte olan ve yaşanılan zamanda yokluğu hissedilen, özlemi çekilen ve olması istenen ahlâkî ve insânî değerler, görgü kuralları, gelenekler, uygulamalar ve diğer kültür öğelerine çağrışım yapılır.

  1. Kıbrıs Türk Tiyatro Yazınının İlk Yılları ve Safa Yahut Netice-i İbtila The Primary Years Of Turkish Cypriot Play-Writing And “Safa Yahut Netice-i İbtila

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    Yurdal CİHANGİR

    2013-07-01

    rastlanmaktadır. Karagöz, ortaoyunu ve meddah da bu kültürün ve geleneğin bir parçasıydı. 300 yıl kadar idaresinde bulundurduğu Kıbrıs‟ı Osmanlı, 1878‟de İngilize önce kira ile bırakmış, sonra 1914‟te de tamamen devretmiştir. Ada‟da gazeteler bu dönemde 1890‟lardan itibaren yayınlanmaya başlandı. Diğer edebi türler gibi tiyatroya ait ilk örnekler de gazetelerde görülür oldu. Ahmet Tevfik Efendi‟nin çıkarmış olduğu ilk mizah gazetesi “Kokonoz”da kendisinin bazı yazıları teatral özellikler taşımaktaydı. İkinci çıkardığı mizah gazetesi “Akbaba”da ise yarım kalmış bir tiyatro çalışmasının yayını vardı. L. Şişmanyan adlı şahsın üç sayı süren çalışması “Namus İntikamı Yahut Dilenci” idi. Yayınlanmış ilk tiyatro eseri olarak şimdilik, Kaytaz-zade Nazım‟ın “Safa yahut Netice-i İbtila” adlı eseridir. 1909‟ da Lefkoşa‟da Mirat-ı Zaman matbaasında basılan eserin konusu, Meşrutiyet yıllarında İstanbul‟da geçen bir aşk macerasına dayanmaktadır. Cariyesine aşık, meşrutiyet yanlısı olması nedeniyle hapse düşmüş olan paşa çocuğu Safa‟nın, ailesinin karşı koyması, müdahil olması sonucu sevgilisi ile birlikte yaşadıkları acı son anlatılmaktadır. Eser, Kıbrıs Türk Edebiyatı ve tiyatrosu açısından ilk olması nedeniyle oldukça önem arz etmektedir.

  2. Ermenilerin Kontrol Noktası: İskenderun Limanı Alexandretta Port - Checkpoint For Armenians

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    Naim ÜRKMEZ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The period of Yavuz Sultan Selim and the Ottoman Empire’s entering Alexandretta until the first half of the 19th century had identity of a very small village. Right to the end of the century, the industry revolution’s impact and trading goods’ large amount of transport means gained importance starting especially in the city of Aleppo and then in one of South Anatolia’s natural ports as of the day the preliminary plan came out. After the 1890’s the increase of Armenian activities in Anatolia and the outbreak of revolts in many other places parallel the Ottoman government’s large forces’ involvement to prevent and be able to keep Armenian rebels under control, taking various measures. Abdul Hamid II started under this negative initiative; the Sultan tried to resist in various ways. From these measures in any of the provinces of Aleppo, Mamuretülaziz, Adana, Kayseri, Bitlis, Van, Diyarbekir, or Erzurum, Armenians living in the diaspora and connecting supplier port, as in Alexandretta, have a checkpoint facility. Sultan Abdul Hamid II’s direction of the facility is seen at the checkpoint from the dock outside rising or Anatolia geography’s various residential areas incoming Armenian travelers often reserved monthly lists. In addition to this, England in the grip of Cyprus was able to check Armenians’ entries into Anatolia set by a weapons and bombs training field. It is understood that this matter is elaborated on further in books prepared from lists. These books will come to light with the acceleration of the classification of records. Yavuz Sultan Selim döneminde Osmanlı hâkimiyetine giren İskenderun, 19. yüzyılın ilk yarısına kadar çok küçük bir köy hüviyetinde kalmıştır. Yüzyılın sonuna doğru sanayi devriminin etkisi ve ticari emtianın çokça taşınması vesilesi ile önem kazanmaya başlayan şehir özellikle Halep ve ardı ile Güney Anadolu’nun doğal bir limanı olarak gün geçtikçe ön plana

  3. Esâmî-i Lâle Şiirleri ve İstanbullu Hâtif’in Esâmî-i Lâle Matlaları Üzerine Bir İnceleme The Poems Of Names Of The Tulip And A Review On İstanbullu Hâtif’s Names Of The Tulip Poems

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    Sevda ÖNAL

    2013-03-01

    meraklılarını ve şairleri ad verme yarışında heyecanlandırmış, laleyi yetiştiren gibi, ona en güzel adı veren de ödüllendirilmiştir.Sosyal hayatın edebi geleneğe yansımasının müjdecisi olarak değerlendirilebilecek bu geleneğin en güzel örnekleri Esâmî-i Lâle manzumeleridir. İlk örneğiyle XVII. yüzyılda karşılaşılan lale çeşitleri üzerine yazılmış bu şiirler klasik edebiyat geleneğinde farklı ve yeni bir şiir türünün habercileri olmuştur. Özellikle XVII. ve XVIII. yüzyılda divanlarda yer almaya başlayan Esâmî-i Lâle manzumeleri dönemin algısını yansıtan popüler şiirler olarak kalmış, son örnekleri XIX. yy’da görülmüştür.Lale isimleri anlamına gelen Esâmî-i Lâle şiirlerinde her beyitte bir veya daha fazla lale adı bir takım anlam ilişkileriyle değerlendirilir. Lale adları çoğunlukla tevriyeli bir kullanımla gerçek anlamının yanında sembolik bir çağrışıma da sahiptir. Bununla birlikte her beyitte çiçek kültürü ve İstanbul lalesi kavramlarını ihtiva eden kelime ve terkipler bir arada kullanılmıştır.Bu çalışmada Esâmî-i Lâle şiirleri üzerine genel bir değerlendirme yapıldıktan sonra, Hâtif Divanı’nda yer alan Esâmî-i Lâle konulu matlalar formel bir yaklaşımla incelenerek ayrıntılı olarak ele alınmıştır.

  4. İl Özel İdarelerinde Yeniden Yapılan(amama Çabaları ve Uygulamada Karşılaşılan Sorunlar((InCapability of Re-Organization Efforts and Implementation Problems in The Special Provincial Administrations

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    Sedat AZAKLI

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Osmanlı’nın son dönemine dayanan il özel idareleri, tarihsel süreç içinde defaatle yeniden yapılandırmalara konu olan bir yerel yönetim birimidir. İl özel idarelerinin görev ve yetki alanları dönemsel olarak daralma ve genişleme eğilimi gösterirken; bu durum kurumun önem ve mahiyetindeki değişiklikleri de beraberinde getirmiştir. Hatta bazı dönemlerde bu kurumların bir yerel yönetim olup olmadığı tartışılmış ve kapatılmasının daha rasyonel olacağı yönünde eleştirilere maruz kalmıştır. Sözü edilen eleştiriler güncelliğini korumaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı il özel idarelerinde reform çalışmalarının tarihsel gelişimini ortaya koymak ve Mahalli İdareler Genel Müdürlüğü’nün, Türkiye’de Yerel Yönetim Reformu Uygulamasının Devamına Destek Projesi (LAR II kapsamında gerçekleştirdiği çalıştayların sonuçlarına yer vererek uygulamada yaşanan sorunları ve çözüm önerilerini değerlendirmektir. Çalıştaylarda pratikte yaşanan sorunlara odaklanarak ‘yerelin nabzını yoklama’yı amaçlandığı için; bu çalışma da uygulayıcıların alanda yaşadıkları sorunlar ve çözüm önerilerini mevcut mevzuat çerçevesinde değerlendirmektedir. Çalışmada son olarak 6360 sayılı Kanun’un il özel idarelerine yansımaları değerlendirilmekte ve özel idare ile mülki idare ilişkilerinin geleceği, Yatırım İzleme ve Koordinasyon Başkanlığı ekseninde ele alınmaktadır. Çalışma, il özel idareleri hakkında bundan sonra yapılacak araştırmalara yol gösterme ve literatüre, özellikle uygulamada yaşanan sorunların çözümü noktasında katkıda bulunma çabasını taşımaktadır Special provincial administrations (SPAs are the local administration bodies, dated back to the late Ottoman era, that are subjected to the continuous re-organization in the historical process. While SPAs’ responsibilities and competence areas have tendency to shrink

  5. Dergilerden Özetler

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    Şebnem Korur Fincancı

    2000-04-01

    zerinde çalışma, afet bölgesi çalışanları ve gönüllüler ile morg çalışanlarında önemli stress faktörleri ve bu etkiyi önlemek için gerçekleştirilen sosyal hizmetler ile destek faaliyetlerine ilişkin kaynaklar gözden geçirildi. Öncelik li\tgörev cesetlerin bulunması, bir araya getirilmesi ie ilgili çalışmalardaki stress ile başa çıkılması birincil görevdir. Sosyal hizmetler eğitimi ile birlikte bu hizmetin sunumu ve olanakları tartışıldı. ÇOCUKLUK ÇAĞI CİNSEL İSTİSMARINA MARUZ KALANLARIN YENİDEN KI RIİAM AŞ I IKILMASI: ÜNİVERSİTELİ KADINLARIN ÇOCUK İSTİSMARI, ERİŞKİN CİNSEL İSTİSMARI VE FİZİKSEL İSTİSMARI İLE UYUM MUAYENESİ The revictimization of child sexual abuse survivors: an examination of the adjustment of college women with child sexual abuse, adult sexual assault, and adult physical abuse. Messman-Moore TL, Long PJ, Siegfried NJ. Child Maltreat 2000 Feb;5(l:18-27. Çocuğun cinsel istismarı (ÇCİ erişkini kurban olmaya açık kılmaktadır. Bu tür deneyimlerin biriken bir etkisi olabilir. Bu çalışmada yeniden kurbanlaştı- rılma, çok sayıda erişkin dönemi kurbanlığı, tek bir erişkin dönem kurbanlığı, yalnız ÇCİ yaşamış veya hiçbir kurbanlık deneyimi olmayan 633 kadın karşı laştırıldı. Somatizasyon, depresyon, anksiyete, ilişki duyarlılığı, düşmanlık duygusu ve TSSB’nun semptomları araştırıldı. Sonuçlar travmanın biriken etkisini desteklemekte fakat çocukluk döneminin erişkinde yeniden kurbanlaştırıcı belirgin etkisini göstermemektedir. Tekrarlayan kurbanlık veya birden fazla saldırı yaşayan kadınlar tek bir tür erişkin istismarı yaşayan veya hiç travma yaşamamış kadınlara göre daha fazla zorluk yaşadıklarını bildirdiler. Yalnız ÇCİ’na maruz kalmış kadınlar tekrarlayan kurbanlık benzer semptomlar tanımladılar ve birden fazla saldırı yaşayan kadınlar istismara uğramamış olanlardan daha yüksek endişe d

  6. Ortaöğretim Öğrencilerinin Savaş Ve Barış Kavramı İle İlgili Düşüncelerinin Çeşitli Değişkenler Açısından Değerlendirilmesi An Evaluation Of The Views Of Secondary Education Students Over The A Of War And Peace In Terms Of Different Variables

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    Özgür AKTAŞ

    2013-09-01

    ılının birinci döneminde Ankara ilinin Altındağ, Çankaya, Mamak ve Yenimahalle ilçelerinde bulunan liselerde uygulama yapılmıştır. Araştırma tarama yöntemine dayanmaktadır. Çalışma 3026 ortaöğretim öğrencisiyle gerçekleştirilmiştir. Ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin savaş ve barış konuları ile ilgili tutumları tespit edilmeye çalışılmıştır. Savaş ve barış tutum ölçeği 40 maddeden oluşmaktadır. Elde edilen veriler SPSS 15,0 paket programıyla değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçları değerlendirildiğinde öğrencileri cinsiyet, savaş oyunu oynayıp oynamama ve bilgisayar oyunu oynayıp oynamama değişkenlerine göre farklıkları olduğu gözlenmiştir. Öğrenciler arasında en az farklılığın ise baba eğitim düzeyi ve sınıf düzeyi arasında olduğu görülmüştür.Ortaöğretim öğrencileri insanın savaşçılık özelliği ile doğduğu şeklindeki önermeye kararsız kalmıştır. Öğrenciler savaşların Tanrının takdiri olduğu görüşüneyse katılmamıştır. Ortaöğretim öğrencileri savaşların masum insanlara acı getirdiği ve savaşların başka savaşlara yol açtığı görüşünde olmuştur. Öğrencilere göre savaşı kazanan da savaşı kaybeden de savaşsın sonuçlarından acı çekmektedir. Ortaöğretim öğrencileri en büyük başarıların savaş meydanlarında kazanıldığı fikrine kararsız bir tutum sergilemiştir. Yine öğrenciler vatanseverlik gibi yüce duyguların savaş meydanlarında doğduğu fikrinde de kararsızdır. Buna karşı öğrenciler savaş kazanmak kadar barış kazanmanın da önemli olduğunu belirtmiştir. Öğrencilere göre barışa katkı sağlayan insanlar da kahraman ilan edilmelidir.Türkiye’de savaş ve barış kavramının hangi yaşlarda anlaşılabildiğine dair araştırmalar yapılmamıştır. Bu alanda araştırmalar alana katkı sağlayacaktır. Ayrıca savaşların niteliğine göre ayrılarak da araştırma yapılmasının önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir.

  7. Atatürk ve Güzel Sanatlar

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    Nurgün Koç

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet Bilindiği üzere Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin kurulmasından kısa süre sonra hemen hemen her alanı kapsayan bir reform süreci başlatılmıştır. Bu yenilik hareketleri sosyal, siyasal, ekonomik vb. alanlarda görüldüğü gibi kültürel konularda da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Atatürk kültürün önemli unsurlarından biri olan güzel sanatlardaki gelişime çok önem vermiş ve teşvik etmiştir. Uygar ülkeler arasına girmenin güzel sanatlar alanındaki başarılara bağlı olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bu yüzden 1936 yılında Devlet Konservatuarı kurulmuş, sahne sanatları, resim, müzik, heykel v.b güzel sanatların her alanında sanatçıların yetişmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu arada geleneksel sanatlara da önem verilmiş fakat Batılılaşma sürecinin hızıyla biraz geri planda kalmışlardır. Ataturk and Fine Arts Abstract As known, soon after Turkish Republic was founded, a reform process covering almost all fields was launched. These reform movements are also seen in cultural issues as well as in social, political and economic fields. Ataturk attached great importance to the development in fine arts which is one of the important elements of the culture and encouraged it. He stated that entering into civilized countries is up to the achievements in the field of fine arts. Therefore, state conservatory was founded in 1936 and artists in all fields of fine arts like performing arts, painting, music, sculpture were raised. Meanwhile, traditional arts were also emphasized, but remained a bit in the background because of fast process of Westernization. Atatürk et Les Beaux-Arts Résumé Comme on le sait, peu de temps après la fondation de la République de Turquie, le processus de réforme a été lancé dans presque tous les domaines. Ces mouvements d’innovation apparaissent dans les domaines culturels ainsi que dans les domaines sociaux, politiques et économiques. Atatürk a aussi accordé une grande importance au d

  8. Atatürk ve Güzel Sanatlar

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    Nurgün Koç

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBilindiği üzere Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin kurulmasından kısa süre sonra hemen hemen her alanı kapsayan bir reform süreci başlatılmıştır. Bu yenilik hareketleri sosyal, siyasal, ekonomik vb. alanlarda görüldüğü gibi kültürel konularda da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Atatürk kültürün önemli unsurlarından biri olan güzel sanatlardaki gelişime çok önem vermiş ve teşvik etmiştir. Uygar ülkeler arasına girmenin güzel sanatlar alanındaki başarılara bağlı olduğunu belirtmiştir. Bu yüzden 1936 yılında Devlet Konservatuarı kurulmuş, sahne sanatları, resim, müzik, heykel v.b güzel sanatların her alanında sanatçıların yetişmesi sağlanmıştır. Bu arada geleneksel sanatlara da önem verilmiş fakat Batılılaşma sürecinin hızıyla biraz geri planda kalmışlardır.Abstract As known, soon after Turkish Republic was founded, a reform process covering almost all fields was launched. These reform movements are also seen in cultural issues as well as in social, political and economic fields. Ataturk attached great importance to the development in fine arts which is one of the important elements of the culture and encouraged it. He stated that entering into civilized countries is up to the achievements in the field of fine arts. Therefore, state conservatory was founded in 1936 and artists in all fields of fine arts like performing arts, painting, music, sculpture were raised. Meanwhile, traditional arts were also emphasized, but remained a bit in the background because of fast process of Westernization. RésuméComme on le sait, peu de temps après la fondation de la République de Turquie, le processus de réforme a été lancé dans presque tous les domaines. Ces mouvements d’innovation apparaissent dans les domaines culturels ainsi que dans les domaines sociaux, politiques et économiques. Atatürk a aussi accordé une grande importance au développement des beaux-arts qui sont un des

  9. THE GHOST OF THE HOUSE OF SILENCE: A DEFICIENT ENLIGHTENMENT PROJECT SESSİZ EV’İN HAYALETİ: GÜDÜK BİR AYDINLANMA PROJESİ

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    Seyit Battal UĞURLU

    2009-12-01

    criticism about the Turkish cultural history’s positivist thinking line, by means of the mentioned novel, problematizes the relationship between the intellectuals and the society. In this article, by focusing on Selahattin Darvınoğlu character’s intellectual profile who elapses from the Constitutional Monarchy to early Republican Period, in the novel The House of Silence; an analytical analysis is done about encyclopedia, positivism, social engineering and their socio-cultural consequences. Orhan Pamuk’un (d.1954 ikinci romanı Sessiz Ev’de (1983 anlatılan üç kuşaktan ilkinde yer alan Doktor Selahattin Darvınoğlu, Tanzimat döneminde Türk kültür ve düşünce tarihine giren pozitivist düşünceyi temsil eden, aşırı uçlarda gezinen ansiklopedist ve atipik bir aydındır. Eşi Fatma Hanım’ın anılarıyla aktarılan Darvınoğlu, gün yüzüne çıkamayan bir ansiklopedi projesi aracılığıyla, toplum mühendisliği rolünü üstlenmiş ancak bu hedefinde başarısızlığa uğramışlığıyla, Meşrutiyet ve erken Cumhuriyet dönemi pozitivist Türk aydınının bir damarını da temsil eder. Doktor Selahattin’den kalan miras da, kendini adadığı işin kısırlığını vurgulayan sembolik anlamla yüklü öğeler üzerinden açımlanır: Yaşamının son dönemlerini yaşamakta olan karısı, Selahattin’in bilimci baskısına ve ihanetine maruz kalmış, evliliğini yaşayamamıştır. Hizmetçisiyle ilişkisinden doğan iki oğlu, karısı tarafından sakat bırakılmış ve romanın anlatı zamanında bedensel açıdan yetersiz, dolayısıyla idealini sürdürme ehliyetine haiz olmayan ve nesep açısından da sorunlu iki evlattır. 12 Eylül dönemine denk düşen ve karşıt uçlar arasındaki çatışmaların sürdüğü karmaşa ortamını anlatan romanda, Selahattin Bey’in torunlarının, eşi Fatma Hanım’ın yaşadığı kasabada geçen bir haftalık zamanı anlatılmaktadır. Pamuk’un politik ve kültürel ya

  10. Multicomponent Seismic Analysis and Calibration to Improve Recovery from Algal Mounds: Application to the Roadrunner/Towaoc area of the Paradox Basin, UTE Mountain UTE Reservation, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Joe Hachey

    2007-01-01

    to nine components was to provide additional shear wave component data that might prove useful in delineating internal mound reservoir attributes. Also, Red Willow extended the P-wave portion of the survey to the northwest of the original 6 mi 2 (15.6 km 2 ) 3D9C area in order to extend coverage further to the northwest to the Marble Wash area. In order to accomplish this scope of work, 3D9C seismic data set covering two known reservoirs was acquired and processed. Three-dimensional, zero-offset vertical seismic profile (VSP) data was acquired to determine the shear wave velocities for processing the sh3Dseismic data. Anisotropic velocity, and azimuthal AVO processing was carried out in addition to the conventional 3D P-wave data processing. All P-, PS- and S-wave volumes of the seismic data were interpreted to map the seismic response. The interpretation consisted of conventional cross-plots of seismic attributes vs. geological and reservoir engineering data, as well as multivariate and neural net analyses to assess whether additional resolution on exploration and engineering parameters could be achieved through the combined use of several seismic variables. Engineering data in the two reservoirs was used to develop a combined lithology, structure and permeability map. On the basis of the seismic data, a well was drilled into the northern mound trend in the project area. This well, Roadrunner No.9-2, was brought into production in late April 2006 and continues to produce modest amounts of oil and gas. As of the end of August 2007, the well has produced approximately 12,000 barrels of oil and 32,000 mcf of gas. A static reservoir model was created from the seismic data interpretations and well data. The seismic data was tied to various markers identified in the well logs, which in turn were related to lithostratigraphy. The tops and thicknesses of the various units were extrapolated from well control based upon the seismic data that was calibrated to the well picks

  11. Multicomponent Seismic Analysis and Calibration to Improve Recovery from Algal Mounds: Application to the Roadrunner/Towaoc area of the Paradox Basin, UTE Mountain UTE Reservation, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joe Hachey

    2007-09-30

    of this upgrade to nine components was to provide additional shear wave component data that might prove useful in delineating internal mound reservoir attributes. Also, Red Willow extended the P-wave portion of the survey to the northwest of the original 6 mi{sup 2} (15.6 km{sup 2}) 3D9C area in order to extend coverage further to the northwest to the Marble Wash area. In order to accomplish this scope of work, 3D9C seismic data set covering two known reservoirs was acquired and processed. Three-dimensional, zero-offset vertical seismic profile (VSP) data was acquired to determine the shear wave velocities for processing the sh3Dseismic data. Anisotropic velocity, and azimuthal AVO processing was carried out in addition to the conventional 3D P-wave data processing. All P-, PS- and S-wave volumes of the seismic data were interpreted to map the seismic response. The interpretation consisted of conventional cross-plots of seismic attributes vs. geological and reservoir engineering data, as well as multivariate and neural net analyses to assess whether additional resolution on exploration and engineering parameters could be achieved through the combined use of several seismic variables. Engineering data in the two reservoirs was used to develop a combined lithology, structure and permeability map. On the basis of the seismic data, a well was drilled into the northern mound trend in the project area. This well, Roadrunner No.9-2, was brought into production in late April 2006 and continues to produce modest amounts of oil and gas. As of the end of August 2007, the well has produced approximately 12,000 barrels of oil and 32,000 mcf of gas. A static reservoir model was created from the seismic data interpretations and well data. The seismic data was tied to various markers identified in the well logs, which in turn were related to lithostratigraphy. The tops and thicknesses of the various units were extrapolated from well control based upon the seismic data that was

  12. “Lisân-I Osmânî” Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Surveying of Book Called Lisân-ı Osmânî

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    Onur AKBAŞ

    2013-03-01

    önmüştür. 1908 eylülünde Cezayir-i Bahr-ı Sefid (Akdeniz Adaları valiliğine gönderildi. Balkan Harbi sırasında Yunanlılar’a esir düşmüş bir hafta sonra İstanbul’a dönmüştür. 1913’te Darülfünun(İstanbul Üniversitesi’nda edebiyat müderrisi olarak görevlendirildi. 1919 yılında buradaki görevine son verilerek Galatasaray Sultanisi’ne edebiyat muallimi olarak görevlendirildi. 1923’te Darülfünun’daki görevine geri dönmüş ve 1933 yılına kadar bu görevine devam etmiştir. Bu tarihte Darülfünun’un İstanbul Üniversitesi’ne dönüşümü sebebiyle açıkta kalmış ve hayatının geri kalan kısmını maddî sıkıntılar içinde geçirmiştir. 27 Ağustos 1937’de vefat eden sanatçının mezarı Zincirlikuyu’daki Asri Mezarlık’tadır.Ali Ekrem’in ilk şiirleri Mirsad dergisinde yayınlanmıştır (1891 ilk yazılarında İlham takma adını kullanan şair sonraları “Ayın Nadir” ismini kullanmıştır. Asıl şöhretini Servet-i Fünûn dergisinde yayımladığı şiirleriyle elde etmiştir. Yunan Harbi sırasında yazdığı “Vasiyet” şiiri bunlardan en dikkat çekenidir. 1900 yılında “şiirimiz” makalesi sebebiyle Tevfik Fikret’le araları açıldı. Ali Ekrem bu yazısında Servet-i Fünûn sanatçılarına yapılan hücumların tamamen yersiz olmadığını, kendilerininin de bu itirazlara yol açacak hareketlerde bulunduklarını ve kendi kendilerini eleştirerek hatalarını düzeltmeleri gerektiğini belirterek bir özeleştiri yapmıştı. Tevfik Fikret yazının bazı yerlerini keserek yayınlayınca Ali Ekrem dergiden ayrılmış ve Servet-i Fünûncuların rakibi olan Baba Tahir’in Musavver Malumat dergisinde yazmaya başladı.Şairin Servet-i Fünûn dönemi ile birlikte 1908 yılına kadar olan devrini “ferdiyetçi dönem” olarak değerlendirmek mümkündür. Şairin ikinci döneminde şiirlerinin muhtevasının da değiştiği dönem olarak göze çarpar. Sosyal temalar bu dönem

  13. Dergilerden Özetler

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    Şebnem Korur Fincancı

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available VÜCUTTA KALAN BİR MERMİ ÇEKİRDEĞİNE BAĞLI KURŞUN ZEHİRLENMESİ: BİR OLGU SUNUMU Lead poisoning from a retained bullet: a case report and review. Khurana V, Bradley TP. J Assoc Acad Minor Phys 1999;10(2:48-9 Daha önce ateşli silah yaralanmasına maruz kalmış 47 yaşında erkek artrit, konstipasyon, karın ağrısı ve kilo kaybı ile başvurdu. Artrosentez artrit yakınmasının nedenini açıklamadı, ancak kurşun zehirlenmesinden kuşkulanıldı ve bu doğrulandı. Sıklıkla atlanan ve geri dönüşlü kurşun zehirlenmesine yol açan bu durum ile ilgili kaynaklar da gözden geçirilerek olgu sunulmuştur. NİJERYALI SİVİLLERDE ATEŞLİ SİLAH İLE OROFASİYAL BÖLGE YARALANMALARI Gunshot injuries of the orofacial region in Nigerian civilians. Ugboko VI, Owotade FJ, Oginni FO, Odusanya SA. SADJ 1999 Sep;54(9:4l8-22. Bu retrospektif çalışmayı Afrika’daki sivil populas- yonda orofasiyal bölge ateşli silah yaralanmaları ile ilgili bilginin mevcut olmaması başlattı. Sosyodemografik veriler, getirildiğinde saptanan belirtiler, yarayı meydana getiren silahın cinsi, yaralanma mekanizması, radyografiler, tedavi ve komplikasyonlar incelendi. Tüm yaralanmalar sivil populasyondaydi. Hastaların çoğunluğu erkek (95.5% ve avlanma ile ilişkiliydi. En çok Dane tüfeği kullanılmıştı (86.4% ve olguların % 59.1’inde tüfeğin kaza ile patladığı, bunların da % 40.9’unda kaza ile kendileri tarafından meydana getirildiği kaydedilmişti. Tüm olgularda kurşunlar daha çok yüzün soluna isabet etmişti. Hastaların % 63.6’sın- da komplikasyon görülmüştü ve en sık görülen komplikasyon görme kaybıydı. Ölüm oranı %22.7 idi. Geç başvuru sık görülen bir durumdu. Nijerya güvenlik güçlerinin silah satış, bulundurma ve kullanımı izleme stratejileri geliştirmesi önerildi. BATI UTTAR PRADESH’İN KIRSAL BÖLGELERİNDE ATEŞLİ SİLAHLA GÖZ YARALANMALARINA BAĞLI KÖRLÜK Blindness due

  14. Prof Dr Zeki Soysal’a Saygı İle

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    Sermet Koç

    2006-12-01

    koca tarihi mekan büyük İstanbul Depremi’nin ölülerini beklemek üzere terk edildi, ne acı değil mi? Hani, bir yerlerde “kurumsallaşma”, “tarihi miras”, “tarihe saygı”, “duayenlere saygı” gibi kavramlar kalmıştı ya! Şemsi Hoca’nın, Zeki Hoca’nın,... (beni bağışlayın, bu cümlenin sonunu getiremeyeceğim, burnum sızladı. Bunun yerine isterseniz, son bir kez vasiyetini okuyalım, olmaz mı? Belki içinden birkaç ders daha çıkarırız: Değerli Dostlar, Sîzlerle 27 yılı aşkın bir süre birlikte çalıştık. Acı ve tatlı günleri birlikte paylaştık. Adli Tıp biliminin ülkemizde gelişmesi için çalıştık. Meslek hayatımın en güzel günleri eğitim otopsilerini yaptığım günler olmuştur. Adli tıbbı çok sevdiğimi burada belirtmek istiyorum. Bu arada Üniversite Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalları, Adli Tıp Enstitüsü ve Adli Tıp Kurumu’nun birbirlerine sıkıca kenetlenememesi beni her zaman yürekten yaralamıştır. Adli Tıp bir bütündür. Etle tırnağa benzer. Sîzlerden en büyük istirhamım sıkıca birbirlerinize kenetlenerek bu bilim dalını ülkemizde geliştirmenizdir. Bildiğiniz gibi 3 yıldır Akut Myoloid Lösemi hastalığından tedavi görüyordum. Yaşayabilmem amacıyla ülkemizin seçkin hematologları Prof. Dr. Deniz Sargın, Prof. Dr. Burhan Ferhanoğlu ve Prof. Dr. Sevgi Beşışık olağanüstü çaba sarf etmişlerdir. Kalpleri insanlık sevgisi ile dolu olan bu üç büyük hocaya ödeyemeyeceğim minnet borcum olduğunu burada belirtmek istiyorum. Yüce tanrı herkese bir ömür biçmiştir. Benim ölümüme üzülmeyin. Beni aramızda geçen o güzel hatıralarla anın. Belki istemeyerek kalbinizi kırmış olabilirim. Böyle bir şey yaptıysam sîzlerden af diliyorum. Bana karşı haklarınızı lütfen helal edin. Hepinize ailece mutlu ve sağlıklı günler diliyorum. Kalanlara sevgiler ve saygılar. Prof. Dr. Zeki Soysal. Ülkemiz Adli Tıbbına aydınlık bir gelecek

  15. Dergilerden Özetler

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    Ümit Ünüvar Atılmış

    2002-08-01

    ı bir dayanak noktasıdır. TRAVMATİK BEYİN HASARINDA VİMENTİN, TENASCİN VE ALFA-1 ANTİKİMOTRİPSİN İÇİN GLİAL İMMÜNREAKTİVİTENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ Course of glial immunoreactivity for vimentin, tenas-cin and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin after traumatic injury to human brain. Hausmann R, Betz P Int J Legal Med. 2001;114(6:33842. Adli yaralarda yara yaşının tayini amacıyla travmatik beyin hasarına maruz kalmış 104 erişkinde travmadan sonraki ilk 30 hafta boyunca yaralı kortikal bölgede glial immunre-aktivitenin varlığı incelenmiştir. Glial hücreler, bir interme-dier hücre filamanı olan vimentin, ekstraselüler matriks proteini tenascin ve serinproteaz inhibitörü olan alfa 1 antiki-motripsine (ACT karşı antikorlarla boyandı. Travma sebepli glial boyanma, ACT için en erken 3.1 saatte, vimentin için 22 saatte ve tenascin için 7. günde gözlendi. KARACİĞER GLİKOJEN BOYAMASI. YARALANMALARDA YAŞAM SÜRESİ VE ÇOCUK İSTİSMARI OLGULARINDA UYGULAMA Hepatic glycogen staining. Applications in injury survival time and child abuse. Thogmartm JR, England D, Sıebert CF Jr. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2001;22(3:313-8. Açlık, travma, akut stress ve şok durumlarında karaciğer glikojen depolarının azaldığı uzun zamandan beri bilinmektedir. Bu çalışmada, çok çeşitli nedenlerle ölmüş, yaşları lile 88 arasında değişen 122 olgunun karaciğer dokuları çalışılmıştır. 121 olguda karaciğer dokuları, glikojen/kar-bonhidratları göstermek için Best's carmine ve/veya period acid-Schiff (PAS-alcian blue metodları ile boyanmıştır. Karaciğer doku örnekleri, eğer varsa hepatik hasar etrafındaki boyanma ve histolojik anormallikler yönünden, dokunun boya tutma derecesine göre değerlendirilmiştir. Boyanma derecesi, yaralanmadan sonra yaşam süresi ve postmortem interval ile ters orantılıdır (P=0001. Karaciğerdeki hasar-lanma antemortem gerçekleşti ise yara kenarlarındaki boyanma azalmakta fakat doku

  16. Kongre İzlenimleri

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    Yasemin Balcı

    2007-12-01

    çilere açtığı şarap mahzenleri var. Görülmeye değerdi. Kongrenin son günü, Portoya özel bir festival vardı. S. Joe festival olarak anılıyor. Bu festivalin özelliği bir nevi şaka ya da hoşgörü günü gibi olması idi. Bu festival nedeniyle Portekiz’in diğer şehirlerinden pek çok kişi şehre geldi. Her ne kadar herkes sabaha kadar sokaklarda olup eğlense de otellerde yer kalmıyor. Her tarafta rengârenk plastik çekiçler satılıyor. Çoluk çocuk, genç ihtiyar herkes bu çekiçlerden satın alıyor. Sokaklarda yanında bulunan ya da yanından geçen herkese bu çekiçle vuruyor. Kongre organizasyon komitesi de bu nedenle bizi çekiçsiz bırakmadı. Katılımcılara çekiç verdiler. Ayrıca, sokaklarda kötü koku ile özdeşleştirilen fesleğen saksıları (bizde güzel koku olarak bilinir ile çiçeklenmiş/tohuma dönmüş erkek soğanlar satılıyor. İnsanlar yapraklarını koparıp elini yanındaki-nin burnuna sürüyor. Soğanın tohumlu kısmını yüzüne kulağına vs. sürtüyor. Tüm bunlar bir nevi şaka, kimse kimseye kırılmıyor. Şehrin tüm meydanlarında konser platformları kuruluyor, herkes sokaklarda dans ediyor, Super Bock adlı bira çeşmelerinden biralar alınıp içiliyor. Ezilme tehlikesi geçirecek kadar insan seli olmasına karşın, en küçük bir taşkınlıkla karşılaşılmaması oldukça ilgimizi çekti. Gece yarısından sonra nehri baştan yaratacak şekilde yapılan havai fişek gösterisi ile havaya fırlatılan yüzlerce ateş balonları görmeye değerdi. Türkiye’den kongre katılımcıları Uzm. Dr. Özlem Ersoy Adli Tıp Kurumu Prof. Dr. Mete Gülmen Çukurova Üniversitesi Dr. Hüsniye Canan, Phd. Çukurova Üniversitesi Dr. Demet Meral Çukurova Üniversitesi Dr. Dilek Battal, Phd. Çukurova Üniversitesi Prof. Dr. Yasemin Balcı Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi Yard. Doç. Dr. Birol Demirel Gazi Üniversitesi Doç. Dr. Coşkun Yorulmaz İstanbul Üniversitesi Yard. Doç. Dr. Gökhan Ersoy

  17. Dergilerden Özetler

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    Mete Korkut Gülmen

    1997-04-01

    ın rengi not alınmıştır. Olguların 6l4(%96’ünde yaralanma ile hikaye birbirine uygun idi. Olguların 4l(%6’inde, yazarlar yetersiz kayıt nedeniyle çocuk istismarı ve ihmalinin oluşup oluşmadığı hakkında kararsız kalmışlardır. Sonuçlar: Pediatrik travma kayıtları istismardan kaza sonucu görülen travmalara kadar yetersiz kalmaktadır. Çocuklarda yeterince tanımlanmayan (nedeni açıklanmayan veya tekrarlayan yaralanmalar çocuk istismarı ve ihmali olarak rapor edilmelidir, ve bu raporlara hikaye ve hekim tarafından yapılan fiziksel muayene tam olarak kaydedilmelidir. EROİN HAZIRLANMASINDA “HOMEBAKE” 0-6-ASETİLMORFİN FORMASYONU Formation of 0-6-acetylmorphine in the “homebake” preparation of heroin Sibley JA Forensic Sci Int 1996; 77/3: 159-67. Yasa dışı uyuşturucu kullanan olgularda veya toksikolojik incelemelerde 0-6-asetilmorfin saptandığında, genellikle bu düşük eroin ürünü gibi gösterilmiştir. Bundan dolayı eroin varlığının ön kanıtı olarak kabul edilmiştir. Yapılan bazı araştırmalarda kısmi asetil- morfinsülfat, 0-6-asetilmorfin içeren bir karışım ile muamele edildiğinde etkisiz mferfin ile sadece 0-3-ase- tilmorfin ve eroin elde edildiği belirlenmiştir. Dolayısıyla eroin tespit edilmeyen ancak sadece 0-6-asetilmorfin saptanan olgular eroinin varlığını gösteren bir kanıt olarak ele alınmaz.

  18. Dergilerden Özetler

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    Zeki Kır

    2006-04-01

    lokalizasyonu itibariyle bize suçun cinsi hakkında da fikir verebildiği ortaya çıktı. Kurbanların yaşı ve cinsiyeti de ısırık izlerinin yerini ve sıklığını etkileyen diğer bir faktördü. Isırık izleri ile ilgili hazırlanan anket formu bir Board kuruluşu olan Amerikan Adli Odontoloji Derneğine gönderildi. Anket Amerikan Adli Odontoloji Birliğinin gazetesinde de yayınlandı. Anket ayrıca 26 farklı ülkede bulunan 1100 adli odontoloji uzmanına da gönderildi. 7 farklı ülkeden 52 adli odontolog ankete cevap göndermiş olup bunlardan 17 si Amerikan Board sertifikasına sahipti. Anket gönderilen kişilerden primer olarak katıldıkları vakalar hakkında anket formu üzerine yerleştirilen sorulara uygun cevapları yerleştirmeleri istendi. Anket formundan elde edilen bilgiler Mikrosoft Exel programı yardımıyla değerlendirildi. 259 ısırık vakası olayında 778 ısırık izi analizi yapıldı. Harvey (1976, Sweet ve Pretty (2000 yıllarında yaptıkları çalışmalarda ısırık izlerinin en fazla göğüs üzerinde bulunduğunu kaydettiler. Vale ve Naguchi ise 1983 yılında yaptığı çalışmada ısırık izlerinin en fazla üst ekstremite de görüldüğünü belirtmişlerdi. Yaptığımız çalışmada elde ettiğimiz verileri: mağdurların cinsiyet ve yaşına, suiistimale uğramış çocukların cinsiyet ve yaşına, cinsel saldırıya uğramış mağdurların cinsiyet ve yaşına, cinayete maruz kalmış kurbanların cinsiyet ve yaşına, ısırık izlerinin cinsiyet ve lokalizasyonuna, her bir vakadaki ısırık izlerinin sayısı, ısırık izlerinin dağılımı ve daha önceki yapılan çalışmalarla kıyaslanması, faillerin cinsiyet ve yaş dağılımlarına göre farklı guruplara ayırarak insidanslarına göre değerlendirdik. Isırık izleri göğsü takiben en fazla üst ekstremite-de görülmektedi. Çalışmada kadınların erkek-lere oranla daha fazla ısırıldığı oraya çıktı. Erkek mağdurlar yaş olarak kad

  19. A Portrait of One Hundred Thousand and One Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-08-01

    Rich and Inspiring Experience with NGC 300 Images from the ESO Science Data Archive Summary A series of wide-field images centred on the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 300 , obtained with the Wide-Field Imager (WFI) on the MPG/ESO 2.2-m telescope at the La Silla Observatory , have been combined into a magnificent colour photo. These images have been used by different groups of astronomers for various kinds of scientific investigations, ranging from individual stars and nebulae in NGC 300, to distant galaxies and other objects in the background. This material provides an interesting demonstration of the multiple use of astronomical data, now facilitated by the establishment of extensively documented data archives, like the ESO Science Data Archive that now is growing rapidly and already contains over 15 Terabyte. Based on the concept of Astronomical Virtual Observatories (AVOs) , the use of archival data sets is on the rise and provides a large number of scientists with excellent opportunities for front-line investigations without having to wait for precious observing time. In addition to presenting a magnificent astronomical photo, the present account also illustrates this important new tool of the modern science of astronomy and astrophysics. PR Photo 18a/02 : WFI colour image of spiral galaxy NGC 300 (full field) . PR Photo 18b/02 : Cepheid stars in NGC 300 PR Photo 18c/02 : H-alpha image of NGC 300 PR Photo 18d/02 : Distant cluster of galaxies CL0053-37 in the NGC 300 field PR Photo 18e/02 : Dark matter distribution in CL0053-37 PR Photo 18f/02 : Distant, reddened cluster of galaxies in the NGC 300 field PR Photo 18g/02 : Distant galaxies, seen through the outskirts of NGC 300 PR Photo 18h/02 : "The View Beyond" ESO PR Photo 18a/02 ESO PR Photo 18a/02 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 412 pix - 112k] [Normal - JPEG: 1200 x 1237 pix - 1.7M] [Hi-Res - JPEG: 4000 x 4123 pix - 20.3M] Caption : PR Photo 18a/02 is a reproduction of a colour-composite image of the nearby spiral galaxy