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Sample records for volk gerhard bosselmann

  1. Eskatologie by Gerhard Ebeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius W.C. van Wyk

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the eschatology of the German theologian Gerhard Ebeling (1912–2001. Concentration falls on his views on death and life after death. Only a selection of his writings has been used for this article (originally a paper at a symposium on the life and work of Ebeling. Ebeling was one of the great Luther-researchers of the 20th century. The article is therefore also about Luther’s views on death and life after death. Ebeling’s eschatology cannot be separated from Luther’s eschatology; hence, many notes on Luther’s works have been taken up in the article.

  2. Book Review: Hoffstaedter, Gerhard, Modern Muslim Identities: ...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holger Warnk

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Book Review of the monograph: Hoffstaedter, Gerhard (2011, Modern Muslim Identities: Negotiating Religion and Ethnicity in Malaysia Copenhagen: NIAS Press (= NIAS Monographs # 119, ISBN 978-87-7694-081-2, 304 pages

  3. Gerhard Richteri looming Kumus / Inga Leomar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leomar, Inga

    2008-01-01

    Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri (s. 1932) tööde näitusest "Ülevaade" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, koostaja Saksa Välissuhete Instituut. Mainitud ka Tõnis Saadoja näitus "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, kus eksponeeritakse segatehnikas portreesid, mis on inspireeritud G. Richteri sarjast "48 portreed"

  4. Gerhard Richteri looming Kumus / Inga Leomar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leomar, Inga

    2008-01-01

    Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri (s. 1932) tööde näitusest "Ülevaade" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, koostaja Saksa Välissuhete Instituut. Mainitud ka Tõnis Saadoja näitus "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, kus eksponeeritakse segatehnikas portreesid, mis on inspireeritud G. Richteri sarjast "48 portreed"

  5. Gerhard Herzberg an illustrious life in science

    CERN Document Server

    Stoicheff, Boris

    2002-01-01

    Gerhard Herzberg (1904-1999) was one of the greatest scientists of the last century. Born and educated in Germany, he started his research just as the exciting discovery of quantum mechanics began unraveling the mysteries of the microscopic world. Herzberg chose to study spectroscopy, the light emitted and absorbed by atoms and molecules, which has played a central role in the development of modern science.

  6. Nobel Prize for Our Advisor, Gerhard Ertl, Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 2007 Nobel Prize for chemistry has been awarded on December 10th to the German scientist Gerhard Ertl for "his thorough studies of fundamental molecular processes at the gas-solid interface" as the fundamentals of catalysis.

  7. Aktuaalsetest tendentsidest elektroakustilise muusika alal Eestis / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Elektroakustilise muusika lähiajaloost, elektroakustilist muusikat viljelevatest Eesti heliloojatest. Age Hirv, Raun Juurikas, Liis Jürgens, Andrus Kallastu, Tatjana Kozlova, Ülo Krigul, Margo Kõlar, Märt-Matis Lill, Gerhard Lock, Hans-Gunter Lock, Malle Maltis, Jüri Reinvere, Mart Siimer, Mirjam Tally, Toomas Trass, Lauri-Dag Tüür oma muusikast

  8. Chronicles of Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen's Life and Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Sangita; Chaudhuri, Soumik

    2015-01-01

    Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen, a Norwegian scientist, discovered Mycobacterium leprae as the causative organism for leprosy, defying the hereditary affliction theory of the disease. He was born in Bergen, Norway in 1841 in a Danish family. After acquiring his medical degree in 1866 from the University of Oslo, he joined as an assistant physician in a leprosy hospital in Bergen. In 1873, he published his report claiming leprosy to be an infectious disease with a description of the infectious material in leprous tissue. His conviction of belief and an unstinted devotion to a lifetime of scientific research changed the way leprosy was approached as a disease. It was the fruit of his untiring work that the amended act of 1885 was passed, which resulted in steady decline in leprosy burden in Norway. In February 1912 he breathed his last, leaving behind an inspirational story of a brave heart scientist who fought all odds to unveil the truth for the benefit of mankind.

  9. Leben mit Estland : Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann zum 80. Geburtstag / Heinrich Wittram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittram, Heinrich

    2012-01-01

    Olles Põhja-Elbe Jutlustajate Seminari direktor alustas Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann koostööd Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kirikuga 1988. aastal. Nõmmel sündinud pastori pojana olid tal selle koostöö arendamiseks igati head eeldused. 1997. aastal sai Paul-Gerhard Hoerschelmannist EELK Usuteaduse Instituudi rektor. Aastatel 1996-1998 teenis ta väikesearvulist saksakeelset kogudust Tallinnas. Aastast 2006 EELK' aupraost

  10. Leben mit Estland : Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann zum 80. Geburtstag / Heinrich Wittram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittram, Heinrich

    2012-01-01

    Olles Põhja-Elbe Jutlustajate Seminari direktor alustas Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann koostööd Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kirikuga 1988. aastal. Nõmmel sündinud pastori pojana olid tal selle koostöö arendamiseks igati head eeldused. 1997. aastal sai Paul-Gerhard Hoerschelmannist EELK Usuteaduse Instituudi rektor. Aastatel 1996-1998 teenis ta väikesearvulist saksakeelset kogudust Tallinnas. Aastast 2006 EELK' aupraost

  11. Chronicles of Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen's Life and Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Sangita; Chaudhuri, Soumik

    2015-01-01

    Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen, a Norwegian scientist, discovered Mycobacterium leprae as the causative organism for leprosy, defying the hereditary affliction theory of the disease. He was born in Bergen, Norway in 1841 in a Danish family. After acquiring his medical degree in 1866 from the University of Oslo, he joined as an assistant physician in a leprosy hospital in Bergen. In 1873, he published his report claiming leprosy to be an infectious disease with a description of the infectious material in leprous tissue. His conviction of belief and an unstinted devotion to a lifetime of scientific research changed the way leprosy was approached as a disease. It was the fruit of his untiring work that the amended act of 1885 was passed, which resulted in steady decline in leprosy burden in Norway. In February 1912 he breathed his last, leaving behind an inspirational story of a brave heart scientist who fought all odds to unveil the truth for the benefit of mankind. PMID:26120145

  12. Bible and Philology: Gerhard von Rad regarding the Wisdom Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Haydeé Lase

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Theology, through its history, has always been related to Philology, because its source is the Holy Scriptures. This reason has stimulated my further consideration of the exegeta Gerhard von Rad “Wisdom in Israel” a “symbol” of modern interest for the Wisdom books. Inserted in the philologic German trend of the history of tradition and history of editing and forms, it is opposed to positivists interpretation and installs a new comprehension of the OT traditions. Its hermeneutica, without deteriorating the historical criticism, gives first hand priority to the message that the scriptural brands patentize as a twist of an organization in constant growth. However, the love of live words, which is considered by the philologist, make him capable to have a wide effect of the methodological tools, and in this way; unravel the secrets of the world of wisdom. Now in the threshold of Christianism, Wisdom books prepare the adequate opening to receive the “new Wine” in “new containers”. Also, today, philology and wisdom summon us to go along with this moment of the History of Salvation with the necessary instruments and ancient breeding by old and modern wisemen.

  13. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  14. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  15. Nasie, volk, religie en die kerk as ellips van versoenende verskeidenheid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanya van Wyk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nation, ’ethnic people’ (das Volk, religion and the church as ellipse of reconciling diversity. This article examines the 19th and 20th century European context wherein religion was practiced. In a ‘Rip-Van-Winkle’ manner it is as if this context had no influence on the Afrikaans speaking church in South Africa. The isolation, that was the result of the apartheid ideology, lead to the Afrikaans speaking church in South Africa not internalising ecumenicity. It is argued that for the church to be able to take an active role in reconciling diversity and therefore contributing to social cohesion in South Africa, the church needs to transcend being a ‘nation’ church. This is possible by respecting culture and diversity, while recognising the priority of salvation in Christ. This is the ellipse of being church.

  16. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912)--100 years anniversary tribute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Kluxen, Guido; Pótorak, Klaudia

    2014-05-01

    2012 marks the 100th year of death of Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), who discovered Mycobacterium leprae, but also gave the first systematic scientific work on the leprosy of the eye. The article reviews his life and scientific achievements with special regard to eye and ophthalmology.

  17. Nanotech, blur and tragedy in recent artworks by Gerhard Richter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    2008-01-01

    The author considers Gerhard Richter's work on nanotechnology, highlighting how these pieces continue the artist's ontology on photographic blur and, as such, raise questions about truth and reality with respect to the mass media's visual presentation of nanotechnology. The four works discussed i...... and terrorism, and contrasts Richter's artworks with utopian visions of nano-science in the mass media....

  18. [The etiology of leprosy and Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen: what does "Armauer" mean?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hundeiker, M

    2014-09-01

    Hansen discovered the bacteria in 1873 in unstained material and is therefore recognized as the discoverer of the leprosy pathogen. Hansen is a very common surname but in contrast Armauer is a very rare surname. Gerhard Henrik Hansen added the maiden name of his grandmother on his mother's side to his name early on. This happened not only out of family attachments but also as a physician and aspiring scientist to set himself apart from other Hansens.

  19. Saved from the cellar Gerhard Gentzen’s shorthand notes on logic and foundations of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    von Plato, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Gerhard Gentzen is best known for his development of the proof systems of natural deduction and sequent calculus, central in many areas of logic and computer science today. Another noteworthy achievement is his resolution of the embarrassing situation created by Gödel's incompleteness results, especially the second one about the unprovability of consistency of elementary arithmetic. After these successes, Gentzen dedicated the rest of his short life to the main problem of Hilbert's proof theory, the question of the consistency of analysis. He was arrested in the summer of 1945 with other professors of the German University of Prague and died soon afterward of starvation in a prison cell. Attempts at locating his lost manuscripts failed at the time, but several decades later, two slim folders of shorthand notes were found. In this volume, Jan von Plato gives an overview of Gentzen's life and scientific achievements, based on detailed archival and systematic studies, and essential for placing the translations ...

  20. Heidegger and the Volk%海德格尔与民族(Das Volk)问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥志强

    2015-01-01

    Different from the popular positivism and racism based on the biology claimed by Nazi scholars , Heidegger considered the nature of Volk ( the nation) from the ontological perspective.The nation means one kind of existent state when people return their nature and live with others being destiny -related.The nation came into being not automatically or historically but depending on people's decision.The artistic activities have important significance in awaking people's awareness of the nation and the forming of a nation .%不同于流行的实证主义,尤其不同于纳粹学者建立在生物学基础上的种族主义,海德格尔对民族本质的思考,着眼于其存在论的内涵。民族一方面是人返回其本质时的一种生存状态,同时也是与他人在一个共同体内命运相关的生存状态。这个意义上的民族不是自然而然形成的,而有赖于人的决断。艺术活动在唤醒人的民族意识或使得民族成其自身的过程中具有重要意义。

  1. Chronicles of Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen′s life and work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangita Ghosh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen, a Norwegian scientist, discovered Mycobacterium leprae as the causative organism for leprosy, defying the hereditary affliction theory of the disease. He was born in Bergen, Norway in 1841 in a Danish family. After acquiring his medical degree in 1866 from the University of Oslo, he joined as an assistant physician in a leprosy hospital in Bergen. In 1873, he published his report claiming leprosy to be an infectious disease with a description of the infectious material in leprous tissue. His conviction of belief and an unstinted devotion to a lifetime of scientific research changed the way leprosy was approached as a disease. It was the fruit of his untiring work that the amended act of 1885 was passed, which resulted in steady decline in leprosy burden in Norway. In February 1912 he breathed his last, leaving behind an inspirational story of a brave heart scientist who fought all odds to unveil the truth for the benefit of mankind.

  2. A Network of Themes: A Qualitative Approach to Gerhard Richter's Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narvika Bovcon

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Gerhard Richter's books Text – a collection of painter's verbal statements about his artistic method – and Atlas – 783 sheets with images, mainly photographs and visual notations – are two archives that complement the understanding of his diverse artistic practice. The paper presents a textual model that experimentally simulates a possible ordering principle for archives. Richter's statements in the book Text are cut up and used as short quotations. Those that relate to multiple aspects of the painter's oeuvre are identified as hubs in the semantic network. The hubs are organized paratactically, as an array of different themes. The paper presents a methodological hypothesis and an experimental model that aim to connect the research of real networks with the paradigms of humanistic interpretation. We have to bear in mind that the network is a result of the researcher's interpretative approach, which is added to the initial archive included in the book Text. The breaking up of Richter's poetics into atoms of quotations is an experimental proposal of a new textuality in art history and humanities, which has its own history. In comparison to digital archives with complex interfaces that often tend to obscure the content, the elements in our experiment appear as specific configurations of the semantic network and are presented in a limited number of linear texts. The method of listing of quotations gathers the fragments into a potential “whole”, i.e. a narrativized gateway to an archive according to the researcher's interpretation.

  3. Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912)--the 100th anniversary of the death of the discoverer of Mycobacterium leprae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Sak, Jarosław; Pawlikowski, Jakub; Iwanowicz-Palus, Grażyna

    2013-01-01

    The year 2012 marked the 100th anniversary of the death of Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), a Norwegian physician known for his identification of Mycobacterium leprae as the causative agent of leprosy. In the second half of the 19th century, the medical community believed leprosy had a noninfectious etiology, and it was not until Hansen uncovered the relationship between M leprae and the clinical manifestations of this disease did that belief begin to change. Strengthening of the late 19th and early 20th century beliefs of the infectious etiology of leprosy made it possible to develop an effective treatment for this still terrible disease.

  4. Germany Artist Gerhard Richter%德国艺术家格哈特·里希特

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王嵘

    2005-01-01

    @@ 2000年,德国的杂志选出最伟大的100位在世的视觉艺术家.入选者必须在列出的世界上最有声望的160个博物馆中举办过多次展览.排在最前面的两名艺术家分别是德国艺术家西格玛·波普(Sigmar Polke Pop)与格哈特·里希特(Gerhard Richter).

  5. Biochemical Pathways: An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (edited by Gerhard Michal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voige, Reviewed By William H.

    2000-02-01

    For decades, a wall chart detailing living organisms' metabolic pathways has been a fixture in many classrooms and laboratories where biochemistry is taught. One of the most popular of those charts first appeared 30 years ago. Now its editor, Gerhard Michal, has produced a book that summarizes metabolism (broadly defined) in graphical and textual formats. The book retains the elegance of the chart. Names of molecules are printed in a crisp, easy-to-read font, and structural formulas are shown with exemplary clarity. Color coding serves multiple purposes: to differentiate enzymes, substrates, cofactors, and effector molecules; to indicate in which group or groups of organisms a reaction has been observed; and to distinguish enzymatic reactions from regulatory effects. The primary advantage of presenting this information in book format is immediately apparent. A typical metabolic chart covers about 2 m2; the book has a total surface area nearly 10 times greater. The extra space is used to add explanatory text to the figures and to include many topics not covered by the traditional definition of metabolism. Examples include replication, transcription, translation, reaction mechanisms for proteolytic enzymes, and the role of chaperones in protein folding. Illustrating these topics is not as straightforward as delineating a metabolic pathway, but the author has done an admirable job of designing figures that clarify these and other aspects of biochemistry and complement the accompanying text. A potential deficiency of book format is the inability to clearly show links between different realms of metabolism: carbohydrate and amino acid pathways, for example. The book overcomes this problem in two ways. A diagrammatic overview of metabolism (with references to applicable sections of the book) is printed inside its front cover, and key compounds (pyruvate, for example) have a distinctive green background to provide a visual link between pathways. (The author compares this

  6. Kerk en volk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J.C. van Wyk

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Church and nation In this essay the relationship between the church and the nation, is once more investigated. It has become necessary in the light of the fact that the concept of ‘nation’ is being treated more and more negatively, especially in the ecumenical theology of mission and the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. The background to this negative attitude is not only the racial situation in South Africa, but also the experiences of church and theology in Nazi Germany. The conclusion at which the author arrives, is that, because of its assosiation with apartheid in South Africa, the word ‘nation’ has became more and more a curse. This attutude is irresponsible, and not in line with biblical thought.

  7. The role played by Gerhard Adler in the development of analytical psychology internationally and in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casement, Ann

    2014-02-01

    The Jungian analyst Gerhard Adler left Berlin and re-settled in London in 1936. He was closely involved with the professionalization of analytical psychology internationally and in the UK, including the formation of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP) and The Society of Analytical Psychology (SAP).The tensions that arose within the latter organization led to a split that ended in the formation of the Association of Jungian Analysts (AJA). A further split at AJA resulted in the creation of another organization, the Independent Group of Analytical Psychologists (IGAP). Adler's extensive publications include his role as an editor of Jung's Collected Works and as editor of the C.G. Jung Letters.

  8. [Systems, boundaries and resources: the lexicographer Gerhard Wahrig (1923-1978) and the genesis of his project "dictionary as database"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahrig-Burfeind, Renate; Wahrig, Bettina

    2014-09-01

    Gerhard Wahrig's private archive has recently been retrieved by the authors and their siblings. We undertake a first survey of the unpublished material and concentrate on those aspects of Wahrig's bio-ergography which stand in relation to his life project "dictionary as database", realised shortly before his death. We argue that this project was conceived in the 1950s, while Wahrig was writing and editing dictionaries and encyclopedias for the Bibliographisches Institut in Leipzig. Wahrig, who had been a wireless operator in WWII, was well informed about the development of computers in West Germany. He was influenced both by Ferdinand de Saussure and by the discussion on language and structure in the Soviet Union. When he crossed the German/German border in 1959, he experienced mechanisms of exclusion before he could establish himself in the West as a lexicographer. We argue that the transfer of symbolic and human capital was problematic due to the cultural differences between the two Germanies. In the 1970s, he became a professor of General and Applied Linguistics. The project of a "dictionary as database" was intended both as a basis for extensive empirical research on the semantic structure of natural languages and as a working tool for the average user of the German language. Due to his untimely death, he could not pursue his idea of exploring semantic networks.

  9. Wind und Wand : de neoconstructivistische binnendecoratie van Gerhard Wind in de St. Antoniuskirche in Düsseldorf-Oberkassel (1984-1986) : een eigenzinnig abstract-geometrisch concept in theorie en praktijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deinse, Pieter Hendrik Jan van

    2012-01-01

    In 1984 ontving Gerhard Wind de opdracht van het aartsbisdom Keulen voor de binnendecoratie volgens zijn abstract-geometrisch PATIO concept van het kerkinterieur van de St. Antoniuskirche in Düsseldorf-Oberkassel. De vele vragen die dit oproept luiden samengevat: Hoe dient men dit kerkinterieur en d

  10. Historical “Truth,” Constructed Memory: Restaging Germany’s Reunification in Thomas Berger’s Television Melodrama Wir sind das Volk. Liebe kennt keine Grenzen (We are the people. Love without limits (2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrin B Mascha

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Film and television are popular media for the (representation of history and the depiction of momentous past events. Germany’s reunification is no exception. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Germany has witnessed a proliferation of media production that endeavors to historicize and aestheticize the past. This coincides with the need to forge a post-Wall identity of the new Germany. My discussion of Thomas Berger’s award winning television drama Wir sind das Volk. Liebe kennt keine Grenzen (2008 examines how reunification is presented in a mixture of fictitious elements and authentic historical reconstruction based on shared memories of this past. Following a melodramatic trajectory, the film aims at the reconciliation of German society as a people twenty years after reunification.

  11. 《催化学报》顾问——德国化学家Gerhard Ertl喜获2007年诺贝尔化学奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林励吾

    2007-01-01

    10月10日,2007年诺贝尔化学奖揭晓,《催化学报》编委会顾问——德国马普学会弗里茨-哈伯研究所物理化学家Gerhard Ertl教授独自获得该奖项.这是一个令人振奋的消息.

  12. The Vienna and German heritage of orthopaedics from the first half of the twentieth century: Adolf Lorenz, Lorenz Böhler, Friedrich Pauwels, Gerhard Küntscher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernigou, Philippe

    2016-05-01

    In the last part of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century surgeons at the University of Vienna helped transform the practice of surgery. They developed new more effective procedures, analyzed the results of their operations, promoted the emergence and growth of surgical specialties and sought understanding of tissue structure, physiology and pathophysiology. Their efforts made Vienna one of the world's most respected centres for operative treatment, basic and clinical research and surgical education. Two individuals, Adolf Lorenz (1854-1946) and Lorenz Böhler (1885-1973) focused their research and clinical practice on orthopaedics. During the same period in Germany Friedrich Pauwels (1885-1980) founded an orthopaedic institute and an engineering workshop in Aachen in 1913 and rapidly developed a lifelong interest in biomechanical influences: Using these theories, he achieved in 1927 healing of a non-union of the femoral neck by a re-orientation osteotomy, a condition considered to be incurable until this osteotomy and created his famous classification of fracture angles at the hip into Pauwels types I, II and III. The German orthopaedist Gerhard Küntscher (1900-1972) remained the most popular surgeon after the second war with his famous nail.

  13. Siinushelidest kosmilise muusikani / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Saksa heliloojast Karlheinz Stockhausenist. Festivalil "Klaver 2006" kõlas 24. oktoobril 2006. a. Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia kammersaalis Eestis esmakordselt Karlheinz Stockhauseni suurteos "Mantra" kahele klaverile ja elektroonikale. Esitajateks Kadri-Ann Sumera ja Sabine Simon, helirežisöör Hendrik Manook

  14. Siinushelidest kosmilise muusikani / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Saksa heliloojast Karlheinz Stockhausenist. Festivalil "Klaver 2006" kõlas 24. oktoobril 2006. a. Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia kammersaalis Eestis esmakordselt Karlheinz Stockhauseni suurteos "Mantra" kahele klaverile ja elektroonikale. Esitajateks Kadri-Ann Sumera ja Sabine Simon, helirežisöör Hendrik Manook

  15. RETHINKING VOLKS V ROBINSON: THE IMPLCATIONS OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anon

    partners was involved in a civil marriage, a civil union or a registered domestic ... by their numerous mutual acquaintances and often attended work functions together. ... the Maintenance of Surviving Spouses Act entitles the "survivor" to a ...

  16. Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul näitab natsisümboolika müük Tallinna vanalinnas ja natsistliku retoorika kasutamine poliitilistes kampaaniates, et suur osa Eesti inimesi ei näe selles midagi taunimisväärset ning isegi samastub sellega

  17. Interdistsiplinaarsus - idee või tegelikkus? / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2016-01-01

    Kuigi koostöö kunstivaldkondade sees ja nende vahel on toiminud juba pikka aega, on hariduse andmisel püüdnud iga kunstiala seni võimalikult iseseisvaks jääda. 2016. aasta sügisel TLÜ BFMi uues bakalaureuse õppekavas püütakse ühest küljest säilitada iga valdkonna (kunst ja muusika) identiteeti, professionaalseid nõudmisi ja standardeid, kuid valdkondi ühendab digitaalne ja multimeediumipõhine mõtlemine ning tehnoloogilised vahendid

  18. Fiesta täht - Gerhard Reichenbach / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti kitarriseltsi 10. aastapäevale pühendatud festivali "Fiesta de la quitarra 2003" peaesineja G. Reichenbachi kontsertidest Pärnu kontserdimaja kammersaalis 24. okt., Tallinna metodisti kirikus 25. okt., Vanemuise kontserdimajas 26. oktoobril

  19. Sibelius tõi eestlastele Grammy! / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Los Angeleses toimunud muusikaauhindade jagamisel pälvis teiste hulgas Grammy Eesti koorimuusika: auhinna sai Sibeliuse "Kantaadid" Ellerheina, Eesti Rahvusmeeskoori ja Eesti Riikliku Sümfooniaorkestri esituses Paavo Järvi dirigeerimisel

  20. Romantiline ajareis olevikust tulevikku mineviku kaudu / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    26. veebruaril Eesti muusika päevade ja programmi "Tallinn - Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" raames Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud Tatjana Kozlova autorikontserdist, kus kaasa tegid Annamaria Morini (flööt, Itaalia), Enzo Porta (viiul, Itaalia) ja ansambel Resonabilis

  1. "Suveaaria" algab müsteeriumiga / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    12. juulil algava Pärnu Ooperi etendustesarja "Suveaaria" raames Pärnu Vanalinna Põhikooli õuel toimuvatest kontsertetendustest: Andrus Kallastu müsteeriumist "Valgus ja vari", installatsioon-ooperite sarja "Kataloog" esimesest etendusest "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest", Hans-Gunter Locki muusikateatrietendusest "Mudamuusikateraapia laboratoorium" ja uudsena installatsioon-ooperite sarja "Kataloog" etendusest "Armustseene kvaliteetooperitest"

  2. Fiesta täht - Gerhard Reichenbach / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti kitarriseltsi 10. aastapäevale pühendatud festivali "Fiesta de la quitarra 2003" peaesineja G. Reichenbachi kontsertidest Pärnu kontserdimaja kammersaalis 24. okt., Tallinna metodisti kirikus 25. okt., Vanemuise kontserdimajas 26. oktoobril

  3. Romantiline ajareis olevikust tulevikku mineviku kaudu / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    26. veebruaril Eesti muusika päevade ja programmi "Tallinn - Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" raames Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud Tatjana Kozlova autorikontserdist, kus kaasa tegid Annamaria Morini (flööt, Itaalia), Enzo Porta (viiul, Itaalia) ja ansambel Resonabilis

  4. "Suveaaria" algab müsteeriumiga / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    12. juulil algava Pärnu Ooperi etendustesarja "Suveaaria" raames Pärnu Vanalinna Põhikooli õuel toimuvatest kontsertetendustest: Andrus Kallastu müsteeriumist "Valgus ja vari", installatsioon-ooperite sarja "Kataloog" esimesest etendusest "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest", Hans-Gunter Locki muusikateatrietendusest "Mudamuusikateraapia laboratoorium" ja uudsena installatsioon-ooperite sarja "Kataloog" etendusest "Armustseene kvaliteetooperitest"

  5. Volk i Zajats otpravlenõ na zasluzhennõi otdõh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Populaarsele vene animafilmile, mis sai alguse 1968.a. "Oota sa!" ("Nu, pogodi!") valmis stuudios Christmas Films kaks uut osa, 19. ja 20., mis esilinastusid Minskis rahvusvahelisel festivalil "Listopadik". Filmi režissööri Aleksei Kotjonotshkini sõnul jäävad need osad sellisel kujul viimasteks

  6. Installation Restoration Program. Remedial Investigation Report. Volk Field Air National Guard, Camp Douglas, Wisconsin. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    oxidized or reduced through the actions of microorganisms that can change their chemical and physical properties and therefore their mobility. For...9 a a aq~a u u uJ th u’ -~ - 16-26- I .M 91 h0~ .4m 4-.0 u lb U ’A *~h.6-27 v C4 V IL uL W & .IUlL Mo Luu I * 4 10- IUD Q m fZO5 , 6-28p zzzz zz z z

  7. Eesti-Vene suhetes pole paranemist oodata / Jevgeni Volk ; interv. Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volk, Jevgeni

    1999-01-01

    Prognoosid Venemaa Riigiduuma valimistulemustele. Eesti-Vene suhted pärast Venemaa presidendi- ja parlamendivalimisi. Venemaa suhtumine Eesti liitumisse NATO ja ELiga. Venemaa ja USA suhted. Kommenteerivad Vladimir RõZhkov, Sergei Kirijenko, Mihhail Gorbatshov, Vladimir Zhirinovski

  8. 'Die koren onthoudt, wordt gevloekt onder het volk...'. De zwarte markt in voedingswaren 1940-1948

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.A.M. Klemann

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The Black Market in Food Stuffs (1940-1948In this article on the black market during the German occupation of the Netherlands and the first few years following it, it becomes clear that market production only started in 1941 and accounted for approximately 20% of annual agrarian production from 1942 until 1948. The big exception was 1944 and 1945, when famine swept over the area of the country that was still occupied. During this time, black market production was not only up to 40% but the nature of the production also changed. Until 1943, luxury products had been sold. In 1944 and 1945 this changed to potatoes, corn and even sugar beet. When one reconstructs the series of tables on the cost of living at the time, including black market prices and the real wages that resulted from these, it becomes apparent that up to 1943 the real income of wage earners dropped dramatically by 40% compared to 1939, however in 1944 and 1945 the index number (1939 = 100 dropped even further to as little as 32 and 24. It was only by exchanging shoes, clothing, jewellery and furniture that the starving population of the urbanised western part of the country was able to survive. Farmers, on the other hand, earned a lot from it.

  9. Führer, Volk und Vaterland verpflichtet The Obligations Towards Führer, People and Fatherland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Schoppmann

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Organisation „Glaube und Schönheit“ war eine Gründung innerhalb des Bundes Deutscher Mädel (BDM, die den 18- bis 21-jährigen ‚arischen‘ Frauen im ‚Dritten Reich‘ vorbehalten war, um diese für die Ziele der ‚Volksgemeinschaft‘ zu instrumenalisieren. Sabine Hering und Kurt Schilde rekonstruieren nicht nur die Struktur der kaum noch bekannten Organisation; in zwölf Gesprächen mit Zeitzeuginnen gehen sie auch den bis in die heutige Zeit reichenden Auswirkungen auf die Beteiligten nach.The organization “Glaube und Schönheit” ("Belief and Beauty" was an organization within the Bund Deutscher Mädel, which was reserved for 18 up to 21 year old “Aryan” women during the Nazi period in order to functionalize them according to the goals of the “Volksgemeinschaft”. Sabine Hering and Kurt Schilde not only reconstruct the structure of the organization, which is mostly unknown today; in twelve interviews with contemporaries they also deal with the far reaching impacts on the people who were involved in this organization.

  10. 'Die koren onthoudt, wordt gevloekt onder het volk...'. De zwarte markt in voedingswaren 1940-1948

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.A.M. Klemann

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The Black Market in Food Stuffs (1940-1948In this article on the black market during the German occupation of the Netherlands and the first few years following it, it becomes clear that market production only started in 1941 and accounted for approximately 20% of annual agrarian production from 1942 until 1948. The big exception was 1944 and 1945, when famine swept over the area of the country that was still occupied. During this time, black market production was not only up to 40% but the nature of the production also changed. Until 1943, luxury products had been sold. In 1944 and 1945 this changed to potatoes, corn and even sugar beet. When one reconstructs the series of tables on the cost of living at the time, including black market prices and the real wages that resulted from these, it becomes apparent that up to 1943 the real income of wage earners dropped dramatically by 40% compared to 1939, however in 1944 and 1945 the index number (1939 = 100 dropped even further to as little as 32 and 24. It was only by exchanging shoes, clothing, jewellery and furniture that the starving population of the urbanised western part of the country was able to survive. Farmers, on the other hand, earned a lot from it.

  11. Johan de Boose, Het geluk van Rusland. Reis naar het eenzaamste volk op aarde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Metz

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Ces dernières années Johan de Boose, slaviste, poète et romancier, a publié plusieurs livres retraçant ses expéditions en Europe centrale et orientale. Son dernier ouvrage, consacré à la Russie, peut être perçu comme l’apogée de ses récits de voyage. Il y dresse un bilan à la fois élaboré et très personnel de ses rencontres avec la Russie et ses habitants au cours des trois dernières décennies.Het geluk van Rusland (Le bonheur de la Russie appartient au genre du « voyage sentimental » : à l’...

  12. Hoogmoed as motief in die profetiese uitsprake teen nie-Israelitiese volke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. Boshoff

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Pride as motif in the prophecies against foreign nations Pride is a common motif in the prophecies against foreign nations. The concept of pride in these prophecies must be understood in a theological context, i.e. that everything has its place and function within the world order. Pride represents a short-circuit within this world order. It is God who acts against pride, every time. Significantly, pride as a motif appears especially in times of exile.

  13. Land en volk in die Areopagusrede (Handelinge 17:22-31

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. C. Opperman

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available The basic aim of this article is to determine an adequate translation and interpretation of Acts 17:26, and to attempt, by means of basic exegesis and in the light of revelatory history, to supply a Christian perspective on the problem of land and people(s in Southern Africa. In order to define the possible ‘meanings’ of words and to extract the main revelatory history related to this topic, the syntax and thought structure of this pericope are also analysed. The conclusion arrived at is that the second main thought of the speech, in which the creation of man and nations is described, is contracted in Acts 17:26. The creation and determination of the abode of man and nations are very definite biblical aspects of the revelation of the true God. A very important issue evident in this pericope is that the highest calling of each nation is not in the first place to determine and secure the location or borders of its country, but to seek the face of God within the abode granted by God as He is the creator and upholder of each nation.

  14. Mobilisierung des amerikanischen Volks zum Eintritt in den Ersten Weltkrieg mithilfe von Bildpropaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Stiehl

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses how, after years of neutrality, the government of the USA managed to convince their multicultural society that an American entry into the First World War was necessary. It is presumed that the suggestive power of the state run poster propaganda greatly contributed to winning the approval of the majority of Americans, which resonated in the United States’ total mobilization. Three posters of the Committee on Public Information and the U. S. Food Administration are used to demonstrate how the enemy was represented and how the inclusion of children and emigrants helped to evoke a patriotic spirit as well as an idea of national unity in the observer.

  15. Installation Restoration Program. Remedial Investigation Report. Volk Field Air National Guard, Camp Douglas, Wisconsin. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    90 _.z •WELL DIAGRAM -L LITHOLOGIC DESCRIPTION • GRPHIC C° LOG SwS 70 1.2 SANO. some rock fragments, very Pale o’ : . orange to moderate brown, fine to...analytically clean, nonporous polymer designed for high purity gas sampling. Each bag was equipped with a cut-off valve for connection to the probe...criteria, no further corrective action is required and the QC data are considered to be of good quality. For the metals analyses, the LCS is designed

  16. Munich Re konsultant Gerhard Berz : katastroofid on meie ärile kasulikud / Gerhard Berz ; interv. Ulrich Schnabel, tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berz, Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Intervjuu meteoroloogiga, kes on kolm aastakümmet arvutanud edasikindlustusfirma Munich Re heaks loodusõnnetuste riske ja viibinud ligi viiekümnes katastroofipiirkonnas. Vaatamata sellele, et 2004. aasta oli kõige kulukamate looduskatastroofide aasta, saavutas firma läbi aegade parimad majandustulemused. Lisa: Meeletu kahju

  17. Avatud meeled ja intellektuaalsed mõttemängud / Gerhard Lock ja Evelin Lagle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    10. sünnipäeva tähistava Küberstuudio tegevusest. 2. märtsil Kumu auditooriumis etendunud Monika Mattieseni ja Hasso Krulli multimeediaooperist "Loomise mõnu", kavas olid ka Mirjam Tally ja Erkki-Sven Tüüri elektroakustilised teosed flöödile ja kammerorkestrile

  18. Väikestele võib loota / Gerhard Schröder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schröder, Gerhard, 1944-

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa liidukantsler käsitleb, kuidas peaks Euroopa vastama väljakutsetele, mida toob endaga kaasa Aasia mõjujõu kasv, ning tõstatab küsimusi EL-i valmisoleku kohta Türgi liitumiseks alliansiga Vt. samas: Milliseid reforme vajab Euroopa? Väljavõtteid Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi kõnest Euroopa Parlamendis, Taani peaministri Anders Fogh Rasmusseni artiklist 26. oktoobri International Herald Tribune'is ja Prantsusmaa presidendi Jacques Chiraci artiklist 26. oktoobri Le Figaros

  19. Professor Gerhard Rägo nimelise medali laureaadid 2012. aastal / Tiit Lepmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepmann, Tiit, 1949-

    2014-01-01

    Medali said Tallinna Ülikooli Matemaatika ja Loodusteaduste Instituudi professor Andi Kivinukk, Vändra Gümnaasiumi endine matemaatikaõpetaja Väino Külvi, Pärnu Koidula Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetajad Lemmi Nael ja Arvo Press, Nõo Reaalgümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja Sirje Sild, Lääne-Viru Maavalitsuse Haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna inspektor ja Rakvere Eragümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja Maaja Valter ja Tallinna Reaalkool

  20. Sibelius: Der Sturm, Op. 109, Neeme Järvi / Gerhard Pätzig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pätzig, Gerhard

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sibelius: Der Sturm, Op. 109, (Vorspiel und Konzertsuiten zu Shakespeares Drama), Cassazione, Op.6, Preludio, Tiera. Sinfonieorchester Göteborg, Neeme Järvi". BIS/ Disco-Center CD 448 71'43") DDD

  1. Missions to Mars: MSL and Mars 2020; interview with AE alumnus Gerhard Kruizinga working at JPL

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wink, J.; Roos, B.; Gupta, S.

    2013-01-01

    The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) located in Pasadena, California is the leading organisation for planetary missions and a point of attraction for many Aerospace Engineers. The Leonardo Times interviewed a former student of our faculty who made the big leap overseas and dedicated his career to pla

  2. "Julia Timoshenko rasskazõvajet skazki, kak kogda-to Gorbatshov" / Gerhard Gnauck

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gnauck, Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Seoses majandusliku olukorra halvenemisega kasvab Krimmi elanike seas, kellest 70 protsenti moodustavad venelased, rahulolematus oranzhi revolutsiooni tulemustega ning suureneb nostalgia nõukogude aja järele. Rahulolematuse suurenemisele aitab kaasa ka Vene Musta mere laevastiku baseerumine Sevastoopolis

  3. Professor Gerhard Rägo nimelise medali laureaadid 2012. aastal / Tiit Lepmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepmann, Tiit, 1949-

    2014-01-01

    Medali said Tallinna Ülikooli Matemaatika ja Loodusteaduste Instituudi professor Andi Kivinukk, Vändra Gümnaasiumi endine matemaatikaõpetaja Väino Külvi, Pärnu Koidula Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetajad Lemmi Nael ja Arvo Press, Nõo Reaalgümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja Sirje Sild, Lääne-Viru Maavalitsuse Haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna inspektor ja Rakvere Eragümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja Maaja Valter ja Tallinna Reaalkool

  4. Sibelius: Der Sturm, Op. 109, Neeme Järvi / Gerhard Pätzig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pätzig, Gerhard

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sibelius: Der Sturm, Op. 109, (Vorspiel und Konzertsuiten zu Shakespeares Drama), Cassazione, Op.6, Preludio, Tiera. Sinfonieorchester Göteborg, Neeme Järvi". BIS/ Disco-Center CD 448 71'43") DDD

  5. "Julia Timoshenko rasskazõvajet skazki, kak kogda-to Gorbatshov" / Gerhard Gnauck

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gnauck, Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Seoses majandusliku olukorra halvenemisega kasvab Krimmi elanike seas, kellest 70 protsenti moodustavad venelased, rahulolematus oranzhi revolutsiooni tulemustega ning suureneb nostalgia nõukogude aja järele. Rahulolematuse suurenemisele aitab kaasa ka Vene Musta mere laevastiku baseerumine Sevastoopolis

  6. Volk FLD. Camp Douglas, Wisconsin. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts A-F

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-08-03

    TI~ HOa 9L.L 3, 6r NW Q 󈧞t s 95 1 .ON11 70 TOA NUBE Of OBSERVATIONS NNE 4 ~. - _ __ _ __ __ 4307 NE ~ j ~ -~~ __ ___1.8 ENAF ETA jv .±L 0-- - --1...34:.-++,,,. i Zt I 3M 240 0 07, 004 4. 4+ TOA NUBE OF OBERATON ,FORM USAF < TA -~ ,4 0-. (OW P +~ umc"s ,o +;.THIS ++ J:AAR & . t...34~~~- " , " -" 4 CAVA, -. , , .. 5,64 12 to, , + fi _ k JO NUBE Of OBSERVATIONS" • + . + *..,.+. ?. ,, ; ,.2 0 • ’-m A USAF~:,.’, ,ET.A+ 0--5OL1 "yt" mm o

  7. 'Het Afghaanse volk heeft onze maar ook uw steun nodig' : de rol van buitenlands beleid in de Amerikaanse presidentsverkiezingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssens, R.

    2008-01-01

    Ruud Janssens presents his essay 'The Afghan People need Our Troops and Your Troops': The role of foreign policy in the American Presidential Elections. Given the Global War on Terror, and specifically the American military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, foreign policy plays a prominent role in t

  8. 'Wir sind das Volk': notes about the notion of 'The people' as occasioned by the Lissabon Urteil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijsbouts, W.T.

    2010-01-01

    Leipzig 1989: dissolution of the East German state people or Staatsvolk - Karlsruhe 2020: dissolution of the German people - Courts and the people as a neglected constitutional relationship - Bundesverfassungsgericht's versions of the people - Analysis of the concept of people - Forms of action - Po

  9. Paleizen van het volk. Stemmen voor de democratisering van het museumbezoek in België (1860-1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Nys

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Palaces of the people. Lobbying on behalf of the democratisation of museum visits in Belgium (1860-1914In the second half of the nineteenth century Belgian museums increasingly came under fire. They were heavily criticized for having become lifeless institutions that   failed to fulfil their educational role. The mundane and overcrowded manner in which they presented their collections and their failure to provide any background information for visitors concerning their exhibits resulted in them being viewed as rather boring establishments by most people. A handful of museum reformers who wanted to help museums lose their reputation for stuffiness and elitism came up with all kinds of proposals to make the process of visiting museums more democratic. This article examines those proposals. The case of the Koninklijke Museums voor Sier- en Nijverheidskunst, established in 1889 in Brussels, is used to illustrate how the museums themselves dealt with the criticism and plans for reform. In this way it is hoped that some light may be shed on a relatively unexplored area, namely the history of cultural consumption and museum attendance in Belgium in the nineteenth century.

  10. Masinlikud mahhinatsioonid ja vapustav mustkunst : Kaasaegse muusikateatri mäng ootustega festivalil NYYD '09 / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Festivalil NYYD 2009 (20.-25. oktoober), mis oli pühendatud teatri- ja multimeediaprojektidele, etendunud multimeedialavastustest: Saksa helilooja Heiner Goebbelsi lavastusest Eraritjaritjaka, prantsuse helilooja Georges Aperghis'e lavastusest Machinations

  11. Kes ma olen ja mida ma tahan? / Gerhard Schulze ; tõlk. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schulze, Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Bambergi Ülikooli sotsioloogiaprofessor juhib tähelepanu sellele, et tänapäeva heaoluühiskondade püüdlemine majanduskasvu poole ei teeni vaesuse leevendamise eesmärki ja on oma aja ära elanud. Tarbimise võidujooks pöörab inimeste tähelepanu kõrvale elu põhiküsimustelt

  12. Masinlikud mahhinatsioonid ja vapustav mustkunst : Kaasaegse muusikateatri mäng ootustega festivalil NYYD '09 / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Festivalil NYYD 2009 (20.-25. oktoober), mis oli pühendatud teatri- ja multimeediaprojektidele, etendunud multimeedialavastustest: Saksa helilooja Heiner Goebbelsi lavastusest Eraritjaritjaka, prantsuse helilooja Georges Aperghis'e lavastusest Machinations

  13. Het antirevolutionaire volk achter de kiezers. De mythe van een leuze. De electorale aanhang van de ARP rond 1885 en in 1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. de Jong

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Anti-Revolutionary People behind the Voters. Fact or fiction? The Electoral Support of the ARP around 1885 and in 1918The rallying cry ‘The people behind the voters’ symbolised the political discrimination against the anti-revolutionaries. The restricted franchise, based on tax assessments, was supposed to favour the liberals. It is, however, doubtful whether this rallying cry represented any real form of discrimination or whether it should be regarded instead as part of the self-image of the antirevolutionaries. This is hard to determine. The number of seats gained during elections is not a very good benchmark because the absolute majority run-off system (constituency voting system with a second ballot forced political parties to look for electoral cooperation. The size of the electoral support, on the other hand, can be estimated, when the election results of several carefully selected constituencies from the 1880s are compared with the election results of 1918. At this point, the votes were being cast under the regime of proportional representation and universal male suffrage. The anti-revolutionary electoral gains in 1918 turned out to be so small, that the rallying cry ‘The people behind the voters’ must be regarded as being out of touch with reality. Already, under the very restricted suffrage of the 1880s, the anti-revolutionaries had almost reached the peak of their electoral support.

  14. Ein Reich, ein Volk, eine Universität? : ülikoolimaastikul tuleks asju ajada läbipaistvalt, vastastikuse austusega / Rein Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Rein, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Autori sõnul tahab Tartu Ülikool hoida Eesti ülikooli positsiooni oma käes administratiivsete meetmetega, samal tasemel või endast paremini tegemise ära keelates. Kõrghariduskorralduses peaksid aga valitsema selged reeglid

  15. Kuressaare Ametikool. Disaini- ja tarbekunstierialade õppehoone Disainimajakas = Kuressaare Vocational School. Building for design and applied art specialities "Design Lighthouse"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Kuressaare Ametikooli õppehoone Disainimajakas Kohtu tänav 22. Arhitektid Raili Hurt, Päärn Volk (RTG Arhitektid), Martin Kinks (Karisma Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Raili Hurt, Päärn Volk, Martin Kinks

  16. Kuressaare Ametikool. Disaini- ja tarbekunstierialade õppehoone Disainimajakas = Kuressaare Vocational School. Building for design and applied art specialities "Design Lighthouse"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Kuressaare Ametikooli õppehoone Disainimajakas Kohtu tänav 22. Arhitektid Raili Hurt, Päärn Volk (RTG Arhitektid), Martin Kinks (Karisma Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Raili Hurt, Päärn Volk, Martin Kinks

  17. Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures: comment by Rixin Chen and Zhimai Lv and reply from Gerhard Litscher

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    A comment on G. Litscher: Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures. Biomed. Eng. OnLine 2005, 4:38 (15 June 2005), with a response by the author. PMID:21906400

  18. Evocatin of the Spirit: A-capella-Werke von Gorecki, Pärt, Martin, Barber und Schönberg / Gerhard Pätzig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pätzig, Gerhard

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Evocatin of the Spirit: A-capella-Werke von Gorecki, Pärt, Martin, Barber und Schönberg. Robert Shaw Festival Singers. Robert Shaw (AD: 1994). Telarc/in-akustik CD 80406 (WD: 72'15")

  19. Book Review ~ Socio-Economics of Virtual Universities: Experiences from open and distance higher education in Europe. Edited by Friedhelm Nickolmann and Gerhard E. Ortner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Paul Kirschner

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available If I begin on the “topicality” of the content, I can stop immediately. But that will not yield the promised review, so let’s do it a different way. I’ll begin with the content and with the title itself: Virtual Universities. How do they think up such titles? Isn’t virtual reality, a reality that does not exist? Instead, isn’t it a combination of interaction between the digital zeroes and ones of my computer (often networked with other computers and the perceptions of my sensory organs and how they are processed by my brain. The feelings, people, and things that inhabit such virtual worlds don’t really exist, except in my own mind. But now a “virtual university?” As I understand from this book, virtual universities really do exist, real people work there (and are paid real money, real students study there, and real diplomas are awarded. Nothing virtual about this! Or is “virtual universities” just a sexy new buzzword to set apart what used to be called correspondence or distance universities from traditional, contiguous universities? If this is the case and the “campus of a VU is globally open, electronically accessible . . . free of real time constrictions . . . ” (p. 10 then I am again back to my first problem, namely that topicality renders the term “virtual” virtually useless? Most universities are already partially virtual or are rapidly becoming so. So what’s a poor vacationer to do?

  20. Evocatin of the Spirit: A-capella-Werke von Gorecki, Pärt, Martin, Barber und Schönberg / Gerhard Pätzig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pätzig, Gerhard

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Evocatin of the Spirit: A-capella-Werke von Gorecki, Pärt, Martin, Barber und Schönberg. Robert Shaw Festival Singers. Robert Shaw (AD: 1994). Telarc/in-akustik CD 80406 (WD: 72'15")

  1. "Tshto zhe budjet s rodinoi s nami?" / Jevgeni Golikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Golikov, Jevgeni

    2004-01-01

    Balti Vene Uuringute keskuse korraldatud seminaril "Venemaa aegade rägastikus: autoritarismist totalitarismini". Seminari avas Riigikogu liige Marko Mihkelson. Esinesid Vladimir Jushkin, Jevgeni Volk ja Aleksandr Sharavin

  2. 耐驰:在研磨领域中演绎百年传奇——访耐驰全球营销总监Gerhard Kolb先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾云

    2010-01-01

    2010年,是德国耐驰公司在上海建厂十周年的日子,这十年,上海耐驰公司有了一个全新的发展,也使德国耐驰的品牌在世界范围内的拓展进入了一个全新时期。跨国企业本土化已经成为市场经济的必然,

  3. Kontrasti ja sünteesi piirimail : Meelefilosoofiast, modernistlikust nüüdismuusikast ja vaatemängulisest tegevuskunstist Pärnu nüüdismuusika + "InGraafika" ühisfestivalil 2009 / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Pärnu nüüdismuusika päevade raames Pärnu kunstnike majas 16. jaanuaril toimunud sümpoosioni teemal "Muusika ja meel" ettekannetest, 17. jaanuaril "InGraafika" päev ja eksperimentaalne performance "Meeled ja meeletus", multimeedia töötubadest (12.-15. jaan.) ja kontserdist "Modernistlik kammermuusika" 30. jaanuaril Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis

  4. [Rezensionen zu:] Gerhard Menk: Vom Bismarckianer zum Liberalen: der Politiker und Lehrer Otto Hufnagel (1885-1944) in Waldeck und Frankfurt am Main. Erster Band: Darstellung, Marburg: N.G.Elwert 2006, VIII + 972 S., ISBN 978-3-7708-1297-4 : Gerhard Menk (Hg.): Vom Bismarckianer zum Liberalen: der Politiker und Lehrer Otto Hufnagel (1885-1944) in Waldeck und Frankfurt am Main. Zweiter Band: Dokumente, Marburg: N.G.Elwert 2006, VI + 776 S., ISBN 978-3-7708-1298-1

    OpenAIRE

    Fahrmeir, Andreas

    2007-01-01

    Otto Hufnagel war bis vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg ein typischer wilhelminischer Bildungsbürger. Er wurde 1885 als Sohn eines protestantischen Frankfurter Volksschullehrers und Veteranen des Kriegs von 1870 geboren, legte 1905 das Abitur ab und studierte in Heidelberg und Leipzig Geschichte, Deutsch und Latein. Während die kontroverse Bewertung seiner Dissertation zeigte, dass (nur) ein Teil der Leipziger Historiker in ihm ein wissenschaftliches Talent sah, waren auch die Skeptiker sicher, dass e...

  5. De novo assembly and transcriptome characterization of an Armillaria solidipes mycelial fan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amy L. Ross-Davis; Jane E. Stewart; John W. Hanna; Mee-Sook Kim; Rich C. Cronn; Hardeep S. Rai; Bryce A. Richardson; Geral I. McDonald; Ned B. Klopfenstein

    2012-01-01

    Armillaria (Fr.) Staude is a widely distributed fungal genus comprising approximately 40 species (Volk and Burdsall 1995) that display diverse ecological behaviors ranging from beneficial saprobe to virulent pathogen. Armillaria solidipes (formerly A. ostoyae; Burdsall and Volk 2008; pending vote to conserve A. ostoyae; Redhead et al. 2011), one of the causal agents of...

  6. Constructing School Knowledge after the Wall: The Case of Textbook Publishing in the Former German Democratic Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEneaney, Elizabeth H.; Nieswandt, Martina

    2006-01-01

    Organisational ecology and world cultural perspectives are used to analyse the struggle of the former East German textbook publisher Volk und Wissen after reunification. We argue that the normative expectations of Western Germany with respect to instructional materials clearly emulate world cultural principles, and so Volk und Wissen's transition…

  7. The provision of education for minorities in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    opportunities for minorities to learn their own language, encouraging knowledge of history ... (FF) leader, described as self-autonomy within a federal state (SABC ..... case of the establishment of independent schools, for example Volk- skole ...

  8. Organic amendment optimization for treatment of hydrocarbon ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2010-10-18

    Oct 18, 2010 ... Key words: Soil remediation, petroleum, biodegradation, toxicity, biomass production, pasture. INTRODUCTION ... waste, and spills (Volke and Velasco, 2002). ... loped in the southern Gulf of Mexico region using locally.

  9. Benchmarking GNU Radio Kernels and Multi-Processor Scheduling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    Examples of SIMD architectures are the SSE instructions common in Intel and AMD platforms, while on the ARM architecture the NEON instruc- tion set... AMD E350 APU, comparable to Atom • ARM Cortex A8 running on a Gumstix Overo on an Ettus USRP E110 The general testing procedure consists of • Build...Linux, GNU Radio, and file system for target machine • Run benchmarking scripts with VOLK enabled • Run benchmarking scripts with VOLK disabled

  10. Schröder loodab sügisestele valimistele, rohelised Fischerile / Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Kalev

    2005-01-01

    Nordrhein-Westfaleni liidumaad juhtinud sotsiaaldemokraatlik partei (SPD) Saksamaal kaotas kristlikele demokraatidele. Kantsler Gerhard Schröder tegi ettepaneku korraldada erakorralised parlamendivalimised

  11. 75 FR 33661 - Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards; Rotel North American Tours, LLC; Application for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... Stockinger Wilhelm Fuchs Josef Vogl ] Peter Hess Klaus Weber Michael Huber Markus W lfl Gerhard Kinateder Norbert Zechmesiter Hermann Lichtenauer Klaus Endres Franz Manzinger Sebastian Nicki Fabian Maurer...

  12. Saksa valimisi kummitab ajalootaak / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa parlamendivalimiste kantslerikandidaatide - sotsiaaldemokraat Gerhard Schröderi ja kristliku demokraadi Angela Merkeli valimiskampaaniatest ning välispoliitilistest ideedest. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  13. Principios constitucionales tributarios en la sentencia Roles Nº 1399-09-INA y Nº 1469-09-INA, acumulados, del Tribunal Constitucional, de 4 de noviembre de 2010. Referencia al caso "Gerhard Schweinitz con SII", Corte de Apelaciones de Concepción, Rol 800-2010, de 1 de diciembre de 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Patricio Masbernat

    2011-01-01

    En este trabajo, el Tribunal Constitucional se vale del principio "tertium comparationis" como aplicar el principio de igualdad en el ámbito tributario para resolver un conflicto constitucional que envuelve una ley tributaria que regula discriminatoriamente como trabajador dependiente a un profesional independiente. La sentencia discute adicionalmente acerca de otras consideraciones jurídicas, que no sólo se vinculan a principios constitucionales tributarios, tales como el ámbito de funciones...

  14. Rede vom Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schr(o)der anl(a)sslich der Verleihung der Ehrendoktorw(u)rde der Tongji-Universit(a)t%德国总理格哈德·施罗德在被授予同济大学名誉博士学位时的讲话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞宙明

    2003-01-01

    @@ 尊敬的校长女士、 校务委员会主任先生、 尊敬的教授们、 亲爱的同学们、 女士们、先生们: 我为今天诸位给予我的崇高荣誉致以衷心的感谢.我将这一表彰视为首先是对中德两国之间以及我们两国人民之间极好关系的高度评价.这种关系是我们共同合作的成果,也是我们将来所必须继续为之努力的.这种关系不仅对两国的政治家来说是重要的,尤为重要的则是它可以促进我们两国人民携手共进.大批中国学生在德国学习,这一点使我非常高兴,我认为这对于我们两国之间的关系是至关重要的.

  15. Художники Кюгельгены. Ч. I-II / Марат Гайнуллин, Александра Мурре

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Гайнуллин, Марат

    2010-01-01

    Saksa kunstnikest, Venemaal, sh. Eesti alal elanud ja töötanud kaksikvendadest Karl Ferdinand ja Gerhard Franz Kügelgenist ning nende kunstnikest järglastest Wilhelm von Kügelgenist (Gerhard Franzi poeg), Konstantin von Kügelgenist (Karl Ferdinandi poeg) ning viimase tütrest Sally von Kügelgenist

  16. ARTS@CERN Dance Session At Restaurant 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2012-01-01

    Walls and floors are the surfaces on which the German ar5st Gerhard Mayer draws large scale works. From art galleries to public buildings in Europe and the US, including even churches, Gerhard Mayer makes site specific drawings, with energe5c flowing lines of ink. He is par5cularly aEracted to drawing clouds, twisted swirls , shapes and eddies, reflec5ng flow in the micro and macro world. He also works in sculpture and pain5ng too – crea5ng complex puzzles and collages with an intensity reminiscent of Brueghel. On the occasion of his visit to CERN curated by Arts@CERN, Gerhard Mayer will talk about his love of drawing, his aErac5on to making work in public spaces and present his work for Nürnbergs Neues Museum called LHC. See examples of Gerhard Mayer’s work here hEp://www.gerhard-­‐mayer.com/

  17. “Was de tael gansch het volk?” Comparatief onderzoek naar de Vlaamse en Slowaakse nationale beweging in de 19e eeuw: Een pleidooi om cultuurhistorisch te vergelijken in de neerlandistiek/ “Was the Language Representing the Whole Nation?” A Comparative Approach of the Flemish and Slovak National Movements in the 19th Century: A Plea for Comparative Research in Dutch Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bossaert Benjamin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this ongoing research we are going to have a look at the starting point for the burgeoning national feelings with two smaller nations: the Slovak and the Flemish national movement. Building on the methodological framework of nationalism researcher Miroslav Hroch, one can discern a threefold stage - model in the national movements of the smaller nations in Europe, which is a thesis still needing more empirical evidence. This article attempts to compare at least one aspect of early nineteenth-century nation - building: How were the literary societies functioning in both national movements? We are working in a time scope of the first half of the 19th century and ask ourselves the questions: until which extend reached literary societies? What was their impact? Which people were their readers, their public? Was their language, and their language-spreading aim representative for the whole nation? What similarities and differences can be found in Flanders and Slovakia in this field?

  18. Ukraina-Vene gaasilepe võis sündida Schröderi vahendusel / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Uudisteagentuuri AFP andmeil väidetakse Saksa ajalehes Der Spiegel, et Saksamaa endine kantsler Gerhard Schröder soovitas Vene presidendil Vladimir Putinil ja Gazpromi juhil Aleksei Milleril loobuda Ukrainale vastuvõetamatu gaasihinna nõudmisest

  19. The Urlinie in Hindemith's String quartet op. 22, second movement / Timothy L. Jackson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jackson, Timothy L.

    2008-01-01

    Hindemithi Neljanda keelpillikvarteti 2. osa muusikaanalüüs. Muusikalooline taust Paul Hindemithi, Heinrich Schenkeri, Wilhelm Furtwängleri, Bruno Stürmeri ja Gerhard Albersheimi kirjavahetuse varal. Artikli lõpus saksakeelsed originaalkirjad

  20. Moskva 9. mai kutse külvab tüli Saksamaalgi / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa kristlik-demokraatliku fraktsiooni liige Friedbert Pfüger ja sotsiaaldemokraatide fraktsiooni aseesimees Gernot Erler esitavad oma seisukohti, millise sõnumiga peaks kantsler Gerhard Schröder esinema 9. mai pidustustel Moskvas

  1. The Urlinie in Hindemith's String quartet op. 22, second movement / Timothy L. Jackson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jackson, Timothy L.

    2008-01-01

    Hindemithi Neljanda keelpillikvarteti 2. osa muusikaanalüüs. Muusikalooline taust Paul Hindemithi, Heinrich Schenkeri, Wilhelm Furtwängleri, Bruno Stürmeri ja Gerhard Albersheimi kirjavahetuse varal. Artikli lõpus saksakeelsed originaalkirjad

  2. Saksamaa endine valitsusjuht saab gaasijuhtme eest pahandada / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa opositsioonipoliitikud ning välismaa meedia kritiseerivad Saksa endise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi asumist Vene-Saksa gaasijuhet rajava firma etteotsa. Korruptsiooni jälgiva organisatsiooni Transparency International Saksamaa esindaja hinnang

  3. Merkel võitles end Saksa esimeseks naiskantsleriks / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsleriks saab kristlike demokraatide juht Angela Merkel, senine riigijuht Gerhard Schröder ei osale tõenäoliselt uues koalitsioonis. Kristlik Demokraatlik Partei ja Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Partei leppisid kokku ministrikohtade jaotuses. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  4. Mapping: A Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmore, Paul M.

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the history of cartography. Describes the contributions of Strabo and Ptolemy in early maps. Identifies the work of Gerhard Mercator as the most important advancement in mapping. Discusses present mapping standards from history. (CW)

  5. Euroopa poliitilised abikaasad / Liis Jemmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jemmer, Liis

    2003-01-01

    Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi, Itaalia peaministri Silvio Berlusconi, Prantsusmaa presidendi Jacques Chiraci, Saksamaa liidukantsleri Gerhard Schröderi abikaasadest. Lisa: Kahe kange abikaasad: Laura Welch Bush, Ljudmila Putina

  6. Saksa maaligeenius Kumus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Gerhard Richteri (sünd. 1932) maalinäitus Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, koostaja Saksa Välissuhete Instituut. Tõnis Saadoja näitus "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, kus eksponeeritakse segatehnikas portreesid, mis on inspireeritud G. Richteri sarjast "48 portreed"

  7. Merkel võitles end Saksa esimeseks naiskantsleriks / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsleriks saab kristlike demokraatide juht Angela Merkel, senine riigijuht Gerhard Schröder ei osale tõenäoliselt uues koalitsioonis. Kristlik Demokraatlik Partei ja Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Partei leppisid kokku ministrikohtade jaotuses. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  8. Tugev ja isikupärane Catalano

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Sanitaarkeraamikat tootvast Itaalia ettevõttest Catalano, mis tegutseb 1967. aastast. 2007. a. saab tootmisküpseks uus kollektsioon "Roma". Eestis on alates 2002. aastast Catalano ametlikuks maaletoojaks Gerhard

  9. HOTEL INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Sofitel Wanda Beijing Gerhard H. Zimmer (center, second row),General Manager of Sofitel Wanda Beijing,joins his pre-opening team at the hotelentrance. All is in full swing for the excitinggrand opening on August 18.

  10. Effect of heat treatment on polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREGO

    2006-12-18

    Dec 18, 2006 ... African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. ... Full Length Research Paper ... as the fruit advanced in storage at ambiant temperature, whereas, they are still higher in heat ... infections or injuries (Mayer and Harel, 1991; Gerhard,.

  11. Evolutionary epistemology, rationality, and the sociology of knowledge

    CERN Document Server

    Bartley, W W

    1993-01-01

    This collection of essays in support of the theory of evolutionary epistemology includes articles by Karl Popper, Peter Munz and Gerhard Vollmer. This volume attempts to show how an evolutionary and non-justificational approach affects the sociology of knowledge.

  12. Kantsler lapsendas lastekodust tüdruku / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2004-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsler Gerhard Schröder ja tema abikaasa adopteerisid Peterburi lastekodulapse. Doris Schröder-Köpf juhib abiprogrammi, mille eesmärk on parandada lastekodude ja tänavalaste olukorda Peterburis

  13. Coherence comes full circle. Interview by Joerg Heber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Materlik, Gerhard

    2010-05-01

    Coherent synchrotron radiation has revolutionized the study of molecules and materials. Talking to Nature Materials, Gerhard Materlik, CEO of the Diamond Light Source, discusses the many uses of synchrotron sources and free electron lasers.

  14. Bacteriology and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Otitis Media at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bernt Lindtjorn

    Background: Otitis media is a major health problem of children in low income countries. Objectives: This ..... However, in India, Saini reported that S. aureus was the commonest .... Gerhard G. Challenges in reducing the burden of otitis media ...

  15. Puitpilvelõhkuja!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Londonisse ehitatava 9-korruselise korterelamu projektist. Hoone ehitatakse ristlamineeritud puitpaneelidest (jumbo plywood), fassaadidel olevad pikseldatud mustrid on inspireeritud Gerhard Richteri maalikunstist. Arhitektid: Sophie Goldhill, Chris Gray, Kristen Haggart, Andrew Waugh. Projekteerija: Waugh Thistleton

  16. Balti aadlipreili kunstiharrastusest : Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel (1773/74-1842) = Artistic pursuits of an aristocratic Baltic lady : Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel (1773/74-1842) / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2014-01-01

    Aadlitüdrukute haridusest ja kunstiharidusest Balti valgustusaja kunsti(haridus)maastikul. Perekond Zoege von Manteuffeli kunstilembusest ja Ojasoo mõisa tähtsusest baltisaksa kunstiajaloos. Helene Mariest Franz Gerhard Kügelgeni õpilasena ja abikaasana

  17. Inductive reasoning in description logics

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Halland, K

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available publication List of reviewers: Asheer Bachoo Etienne Barnard Niko Brummer Hanno Coetzer Marelie Davel Gerhard de Jager Alta de Waal Herman Engelbrecht Gordon Forbes Keith Forbes Kenneth Halland Ben Herbst Karin Hunter Brain Leke Aby Louw...

  18. Tugev ja isikupärane Catalano

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Sanitaarkeraamikat tootvast Itaalia ettevõttest Catalano, mis tegutseb 1967. aastast. 2007. a. saab tootmisküpseks uus kollektsioon "Roma". Eestis on alates 2002. aastast Catalano ametlikuks maaletoojaks Gerhard

  19. Saksamaa endine valitsusjuht saab gaasijuhtme eest pahandada / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa opositsioonipoliitikud ning välismaa meedia kritiseerivad Saksa endise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi asumist Vene-Saksa gaasijuhet rajava firma etteotsa. Korruptsiooni jälgiva organisatsiooni Transparency International Saksamaa esindaja hinnang

  20. Balti aadlipreili kunstiharrastusest : Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel (1773/74-1842) = Artistic pursuits of an aristocratic Baltic lady : Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel (1773/74-1842) / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2014-01-01

    Aadlitüdrukute haridusest ja kunstiharidusest Balti valgustusaja kunsti(haridus)maastikul. Perekond Zoege von Manteuffeli kunstilembusest ja Ojasoo mõisa tähtsusest baltisaksa kunstiajaloos. Helene Mariest Franz Gerhard Kügelgeni õpilasena ja abikaasana

  1. The German Debate Over Military Peacekeeping Missions: The First Step Toward an Eventual Combat Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    by Hussein’s forces and the fear that Germany would be pulled into an unwanted war. Former Chancellor Willy Brandt of the SPD party and Germany’s...use of military force in the Gulf crisis was passed and war seemed inevitable, Defense Minister Gerhard Stoltenberg (CDU), at a special Bundestag...positions within two months of each other. Gerhard Stoltenberg, Minister of Defense (MOD) since 1989, stepped down on 31 March 1992 in the midst of an

  2. Proceedings of the DICE THROW Symposium 21-23 June 1977. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-07-01

    Major Gerhard Zahlmann, and Robert A. Cole, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. 15. AIRCRAFT SHELTER TESTS IN THE DICE TIHROW EVENT...BRL GURKE, Gerhard - Germany HAYES, Bernard - LLL HEGGIE, R. M. - Canada HEINTZEL, COL Hans-H. - Germany HUFF, William L. - WES HUGHES, Peter - NWEF...ATTN: Peter Brandt , L -2006 ATTN: Gar lang ATTN: Peter K. I-, 111/2170 ATTIN: R.k. Plebuch, R1/2078 Phsics International Compan> A[TN: Thomas G. Williams

  3. Germania Quo Vadis?: Dynamics of Change in German Security Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    détente imperatives of Willy Brandt in the late 1960’s. These factors of policy operated to best effect in 1989-1991, but have become more problematic in...Hacke, Die Aussenpolitik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Von Konrad Adenauer bis Gerhard Schroeder (Berlin: Ullstein Verlag, 2004, Second Edition), 66...Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Von Konrad Adenauer bis Gerhard Schroeder (Berlin: Ullstein Verlag, 2004, Second Edition), 69. 9 West German population wary

  4. Det skadelige 'rum'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Axel

    2014-01-01

    kortlagt. Ud over Hitlers magtfulde politiske retorik er det i Hans Grimms roman Volk ohne Raum, Karl Haushofers geopolitiske rumstudier, Konrad Meyers rumforskning, Carl Schmitts udkast til en ’folkeretslig storrumsordning’ samt i Werner Bests maximer for en etnicistisk storrumsforvaltning, at rum...

  5. TMFunction data: 737 [TMFunction[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ; rOCT2 Rattus norvegicus Rat Gorboulev V, Shatskaya N, Volk C, Koepsell H. Mol Pharmacol. 2005 May;67(5):1612-9 Tracer uptake measur...ements 382 IC50 (microM) Inhibition of MPP uptake ... O35882_RAT Helix ... affinity; IC50; inhibition; substrate binding

  6. TMFunction data: 731 [TMFunction[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ; rOCT2 Rattus norvegicus Rat Gorboulev V, Shatskaya N, Volk C, Koepsell H. Mol Pharmacol. 2005 May;67(5):1612-9 Tracer uptake measur...ements NA IC50 (microM) Inhibition of TEA uptake ... O35882_RAT Helix ... affinity; IC50; inhibition; substrate binding

  7. Die Schweiz——ei n kurzeue berblick(1)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    1. Land und Leute Die Schweiz ist ein parlamentarisch-demokratischer Bundesstaat. Die legislative Gewalt (立法权) liegt bei der Bundesversammlung (联邦议会), die aus zwei Kammern besteht: Der Nationalrat (联邦院) repraesentiert das Volk,

  8. ‘Kerk’ en ‘volk’ uit die hoek van moderne samelewingsteologieë

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. Labuschagne

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available ‘Church’ and ‘nation’ from the viewpoint of modem social theologies The essay reflects on the possibilities for meaningful communication, on the themes of church and nation, between the viewpoint of modern social theologies on the one hand and that of Christians who emphasise the value of the identity of the nation ('Volk' on the other.

  9. Dollar Summary of Prime Contract Awards by Contractor, State or Country, and Place, FY83, Part 3 (Planning Design & Research Engr-Zytron Corp.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    36 36 TULIP BRAND TEIPE ARIZONA 78 78 76 75 ’A. 3NTRACTOR. STATE, AND CITY - (OCT 82 - SEP 83) PAGE 1920 PRIME-CONTRACTS (DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS) CITY...CONSTRUCTION INC GREAT FALLS MONTANA 1,010 1,010 VOLK CONSTRUCTION INC MALMSTROM AF MONTANA 210 210 1,814 1,604 210 VOLKER NOESSE GERMANY 20 28 26 28

  10. Extension of a Computer Assisted Decision Support (CADS) Study to Improve Outcomes in Patients with Type 2 DM Treated by Primary Care Providers. Addendum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) recommends that it should be below 6.5%, corresponding to an average blood glucose (BG) values...Grant, RW, Wald, JS, Schnipper JL, Gandhi , TK, Poon, EG, Orav, EJ, Williams, DH, Volk, LA, and Middleton, B. (2008) Practice-linked online personal

  11. Onderzoekers foerageren ook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blacquiere, T.

    2012-01-01

    Het is mei. Tenzij het regent, zijn de bijen de hele lange dag aan het zoeken en binnenhalen van nectar, stuifmeel, propolis, water. Dat foerageren gebeurt om te voorzien in de behoeften van het hele bijenvolk op dít moment: als het heet is moet er meteen water worden gehaald om het volk te koelen.

  12. Onderzoekers foerageren ook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blacquiere, T.

    2012-01-01

    Het is mei. Tenzij het regent, zijn de bijen de hele lange dag aan het zoeken en binnenhalen van nectar, stuifmeel, propolis, water. Dat foerageren gebeurt om te voorzien in de behoeften van het hele bijenvolk op dít moment: als het heet is moet er meteen water worden gehaald om het volk te koelen.

  13. Leidt Afrikaanse democratisering tot etnische polarisatie? : etniciteit in de politiek in Kenia en Kameroen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Foeken, D.W.J.; Dietz, A.J.

    1994-01-01

    Etniciteit heeft altijd een centrale rol gespeeld in de Afrikaanse politiek. Politieke leiders hebben in het verleden hun machtsbasis steeds gevonden binnen hun eigen volk. Vanwege de etnische tegenstellingen zijn velen pessimistisch over het welslagen van de golf van democratisering die op dit

  14. Disease: H00792 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available PMID:20967465 (description, gene) Borck G, Wunram H, Steiert A, Volk AE, Korber F, Roters S, Herkenrath P, Wollnik B, Morris-Rosenda...arburg Micro syndrome. Hum Genet 129:45-50 (2011) PMID:20512159 (description, gene) Morris-Rosendahl DJ, Seg

  15. The Mystery of Waldorf: A Turn-of-the-Century German Experiment on Today's American Soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberman, Ida

    At its inception, Waldorf education was not to be a special, "boutique" reform. Nor was it to cater to children of a higher social standing. In fact, Waldorf broke out of the hierarchically tracked education system present in turn-of-the-century Germany. The founding father, Rudolf Steiner, called for a "Volks" pedagogy, a…

  16. Better Practices for Recruiting T&E Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Tyler S.; Love, Zachary J.; Love, Kevin S.

    2016-01-01

    The declining number of Technology and Engineering (T&E) educators and teacher preparation programs across the country has been identified as a critical issue plaguing the field for many years (Daugherty, 1998; Volk, 1993). Unfortunately, this issue continues to progress and has raised concerns. Why should middle and high school T&E…

  17. Spiegel-Völker : das Bild der Juden, Indianer und Slowenen als utopische Chiffre im Werk Peter Handkes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin A. Wallas

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Im Prozeß der Sprach-Arbeit, die Peter Handke in seinen Texten beschreibbar zu machen versucht, indem die Aufmerksamkeit des Lesers auf Verborgenes, Unscheinbares, Übersehenes gelenkt und gleichsam ein Zeichen-System der aus ihrer Banalität entrückten Alltagsgegenstande konstruiert wird, unternimmt der Erzähler immer wieder neue Anläufe zu einer Umgrenzung seines historischen Standortes. Im folgenden soll versucht werden, eine Annäherung an Handkes Begriff des 'Volkes' zu finden, der in der Ambivalenz zwischen Bewältigungsversuchen seiner eigenen Herkunft aus einem 'Volk der Täter' und dem Wunsch nach der Konstruktion und zumindest imaginativen Identifikation mit Gegen-Völkern (Juden, Indianern, Slowenen, die ihm gleichbedeutend mit einer Überwindung der Herrschafts- und Gewalt-Geschichte erscheint, steht.

  18. Baden-Baden摄影·绘画Crossover

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁燕燕

    2008-01-01

    <正>摄影,通过镜头把景象定格;绘画,透过颜料、笔触来纪录眼前美景……两者手法迥异,却殊途同归。打从1963年便开始创作著名的"摄影绘画:Photo-paintings"的德国画家Gerhard Richter,给影象纪实重新定调。生于德国的Gerhard Richter,年轻时曾为东德官派画家,1959年移居西德,1961年加入杜塞尔多夫艺术学院,接触新达达主义(neo-Dada)与Fluxusm等激进的艺术团体。Gerhard Richter并无将摄影当作是绘画的辅助工具,反而将绘画视为

  19. Operating Room Telephone Microbial Flora

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    beta-lactamase expressing multi-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii transmitted in the operation area. J Hosp Infect, 2004. 57(4): p. 308-15. 63...Goodman, J. E., Volk, H. M., and Sood, R., Direct costs of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in the burn unit of a public teaching hospital...Scerpella, E.G., Wanger, A. R., Armitige, L., Anderlini, P., & Ericsson, C. D., Nosocomial outbreak caused by a multiresistant clone of Acinetobacter

  20. User Evaluation of a Bone Conduction Communication Headset During the Patriot 2007 Joint Field Training Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    cognitive readiness of military personnel participating in the annual Patriot Field Training Exercise (FTX) at Volk Field and Fort McCoy, Wisconsin...in the exercise. The goal of the ARL/HRED study was to assess the degree to which cognitive readiness metrics can be used as a predictor of Soldier...DURBIN BLDG 4506 ( DCD ) RM 107 FORT RUCKER AL 36362-5000 1 ARMY RSCH LABORATORY – HRED RDRL HRM CK J REINHART 10125 KINGMAN RD BLDG

  1. Proceedings of the DICE THROW Symposium 21-23 June 1977. Volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-07-01

    OK(Z. COL Robert - SR1. GRANT. G. A. - Canada GREEN. Dale W. - WS* GUNBY, MAJ f. Neal - DNA GUPTA, Aaron - BRL GURKE, Gerhard - Germany HAYES, Bernard...Reekearch Corp. %󈨋N: Peter Brandt . EI.-:FX* ATTN: Gary Lang %TrN: Peter K. Pal, RI/.21h) IITS: R.K. Plehuch, RI/20!8 Ph’sics Internalional Com:pan.v...Iherhard Bachaann Ernst-Mach Institute Federal Republic of Germany AITNi Dr, lilvntt RwirIhenhbach ATTN: Gerhard Gurke Office of Test & Development

  2. 代理商工作委员会喜迎贵宾——奥地利Neuson Kramer公司意欲开拓中国市场

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志芳

    2004-01-01

    2004年6月24日,奥地利Neuson Kramer Baumaschinen AG公司主管市场销售的副总经理Gerhard Neudorfer先生(图左)来到中国工程机械代理商工作委员会(DCCCM),与代理商工作委员会秘书长冯桂英女士(图右)进行了会晤。Gerhard Neudorfer先生此次来华主要是为了考察中国工程机械市场,为Neuson Kramer公司

  3. Me aiaäärne tsivilisatsioon / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Gerhard Richteri näitus "Ülevaade" 6. VI-17. VIII ja Eha Komissarovi kureeritud eesti kunstnike linnakeskkonna-teemaline näitus "Koht, mis paneb liikuma" 20. VI-17. VIII Kumu Kunstimuuseumis. Lühidalt Tõnis Saadoja Gerhard Richteri portreede seeriast "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis. Maarit Murka töödest, Kaarel Nurga fotodest, Anton Kooviti, Uku ja Remi grafititoast, Raoul Kurvitza arvutiinstallatsioonist "Pentatonic Color System II" (helilooja Ariel Lagle), Reet Ausi, Marit Ahvena,Ville Hyvöneni, Hula, EKA moedisaini ja Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli tekstiili- ja fotoosakonna projektist "Üle prahi", Kaido Ole installatsioonist "Koosolek"

  4. Me aiaäärne tsivilisatsioon / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Gerhard Richteri näitus "Ülevaade" 6. VI-17. VIII ja Eha Komissarovi kureeritud eesti kunstnike linnakeskkonna-teemaline näitus "Koht, mis paneb liikuma" 20. VI-17. VIII Kumu Kunstimuuseumis. Lühidalt Tõnis Saadoja Gerhard Richteri portreede seeriast "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis. Maarit Murka töödest, Kaarel Nurga fotodest, Anton Kooviti, Uku ja Remi grafititoast, Raoul Kurvitza arvutiinstallatsioonist "Pentatonic Color System II" (helilooja Ariel Lagle), Reet Ausi, Marit Ahvena,Ville Hyvöneni, Hula, EKA moedisaini ja Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli tekstiili- ja fotoosakonna projektist "Üle prahi", Kaido Ole installatsioonist "Koosolek"

  5. Current Work in Linguistics. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 6, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Alexander, Ed.; Kaiser, Elsi, Ed.

    This issue includes the following articles: "On Negative Alternative Questions" (Chung-hye Han); "A Categorical Syntax for Verbs of Perception" (Robin Clark, Gerhard Jager); "Defective Complements in Tree Adjoining Grammar" (Seth Kulick, Robert Frank, K. Vijayshanker); "The Convergence of Lexicalist Perspectives in Psycholinguistics and…

  6. Hirst kukkus Christie'sis läbi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Christie'si kunstioksjon 8. ja 9. X Londonis. Isiklike müügirekorditeni tõusid Felix Gonzalez-Torrese, Jeff Walli ja Anish Kapoori tööde hinnad. Damien Hirst müüs ühe maali. Ostjat ei leidnud Gerhard Richteri maal 'Seestück', oksjoni kalleim töö

  7. A New NATO (Or, Maybe Just an Improved One).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    April; Portugal experienced a military coup d’etat on 25 April; Prime Minister Heath resigned 4 March; Chancellor Brandt resigned 6 May; and the Greek...Peter. "NATO Must Go." Naval Institute Proceedings (March 1991): 36-40. Stoltneberg, Gerhard . "Managing change: Challenges and tasks for the EUROGROUP

  8. Right Face: Understanding German Political Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-16

    and with the Soviet Union, SPD Chancellor i Brandt sought to engage in dialogue with the east, by a;cepting the legitimacy of the German Democratic...the changing circumstances was the German People’s Union (DVM). Founded by Dr. Gerhard Frey in 1971, the original DVU remained a non-party organization

  9. Evolution of Security Identity of Domestic Antimilitarism and Roles of Political Parties: Case Studies of Japan and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    the Soviet bloc including East Germany, East Europe and the Soviet Union.119 Chancellor Willy Brandt (1969-1974), the first chancellor from the SPD...received a low rate of political support and public support. In the 2002 Federal election campaign, Chancellor Gerhard Schroder (SPD) responded to

  10. An Analysis of Joint Ventures between the United States and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    in this research. Initially we wish to thank our advisors, Lt Col Charles M. Farr, PhD, and Dr. Craig Brandt . They patiently waded through our...Chief," The New York Times Magazine, p. 24, (January 26, 1992). Lang, Gerhard and George D. Hess. "A Practical Guide to Research Methods (3rd Ed

  11. Proceedings of the Quantum Computation for Physical Modeling Workshop Held in North Falmouth, Massachusetts on October 18-19, 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    than a few hundreds particles [ 17]. Although this statement can probably be challenged by modem HKsqPj = E (23) multiscale techniques (Achi Brandt ...Yu.A. Pashkin, J.S. Tsai, Nature 398 (1999) 786. [62] A. Berg, M. Dobers, R.R. Gerhards , K.V. Klitzing, Phys. Rev. [45] J.R. Friedman, V. Patel, W

  12. The Politics of Modernizing Short-Range Nuclear Forces in West Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    internal changes in Soviet behavior as basic prerequisites for the creation of what former West German chancellor Willy Brandt once termed a "European peace...and the new defense minister, Gerhard Stoltenberg, arrived in Washington to explain Bonn’s new position only to find an unenthusiastic U.S. response. In

  13. Queen's researchers make the grade: University boasts two of three finalists for million-dollar grant

    CERN Multimedia

    Armstrong, F E

    2003-01-01

    Two Queen's University researchers are among three Canadian finalists in a contest to win $1 million. Art McDonald, director of the Queen's-run Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Institute, and John Smol, Canada Research Chair in Environmental Change, have been nominated for the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering (1 page).

  14. Wissensmanagement und Medienbildung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Scheidl

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Die Querschnittsthematik "Medienbildung" stößt auf eine immer noch fachzentrierte Ausbildung und Schulpraxis. Mögliche Lösungen könnten Überlegungen aus dem Wissensmanagement bieten, wie Gerhard Scheidl in seinem Beitrag auf verschiedenen Ebenen erläutert.

  15. 国外一些著名人口研究杂志最新一期论文目录和摘要(9)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 部分刊物目录 人口与发展评论(Population & Development Review) 第34卷,第2期,2008年6月 1.HIV的流行到达高峰期了吗?(Bongaans,John;Buettner,Thomas;Heilig,Gerhard;Pelletier,Francois)

  16. Client-server optimization for multimedia document exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Köstler, Gerhard

    1997-01-01

    Client-server optimization for multimedia document exchange / Gerhard Köstler, Wolfgang Kowarschick, Werner Kießling. - In: Database systems for advanced applications ´97 / eds. Rodney Topor ... - Singapore u.a. : World Scientific, 1997. - S. 35-44. - (Advanced database research and development series ; 6)

  17. Schröder ja Putin sõlmisid teiste arvel energialiidu / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa president Vladimir Putin ja Saksamaa kantsler Gerhard Schröder sõlmisid gaasileppe, mille kohaselt hakkab Venemaa eksportima gaasi otse Saksamaale. Uus gaasijuhe võib Poola jätta ilma tuludest, mida ta saab praeguselt transiidilt. Poola president Aleksander Kwasniewski loodab, et võimule saades võtab Angela Merkel allkirja lepingult tagasi. Lisa: Energeetika kui diplomaatiline relv

  18. Pilot analysis of global ecosystems: Agroecosystems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wood, S.; Sebastian, K.; Scherr, S.J.

    2000-01-01

    A joint study by International Food Policy Research Institute and World Resources Institute with Analytical Contributions from Niels H. Batjes, ISRIC; Andrew Farrow, CIAT; Jean Marc Faurès, FAO; Günther Fischer, IIASA; Gerhard Heilig, IIASA; Julio Henao, IFDC; Robert Hijmans, CIP; Freddy Nachtergael

  19. At the Test Shack (Bld 159 next the EF cryogenic lab)

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    At Kesseler's invitation a party took place on June 8, perhaps to celebrate the success of the first run of beam s3 where the bending was obtained by three superconducting magnets (see photo 7703037). Here Gerhard Kesseler, Susanne Muratori, Pierre Lazeyras

  20. Litshnoje i publitshnoje : dossug obshtshestvennõhh dejatelei / Peter Wilbi, Cahal Milmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wilbi, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Poliitikute imidzhi kujundamisest ja kujunemisest. USA presidendi George Bushi, Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi, Itaalia peaministri Silvio Berlusconi, Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini, Jaapani peaministri Junichiro Koizumi, USA ekspresidendi Bill Clintoni, Saksamaa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi, Suurbritannia printsi Charles'i imidzhi kujundamiseks meedias avalikustatud harrastustest ja sündmustest

  1. Germany Enjoys Splendid Trade Partnership with China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian

    2005-01-01

    @@ "China and Germany are longterm trade partners, The volume of our bilateral trade has reached more than $54 Million in 2004, Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder have agreed to double our bilateral trade volume by the year 2010." Dr. Volker Stanzel,German Ambassador gave an active appraise on the bilateral trade relations when interviewed by China's Foreign Trade.

  2. Lübecki filmipäevad 1999 ja Thomas Manni ekraniseering 1923 / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    1999-01-01

    4.-7. novembrini Lübeckis toimunud Põhjamaade filmipäevade 41. Nordische Filmtage huvitavamatest filmidest, nagu Thomas Manni "Buddenbrookide" ekraniseering 1923. aastast (režissöör Gerhard Lamprecht) ja Rasmus Gerlachi dokumentaal "Operaator Kaufman" Dziga Vertovist ja tema kahest, samuti kino alal tegutsenud vennast

  3. Siberist Tšetšeeniani Saksa-Vene koostöö nimel / Aimar Ventsel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ventsel, Aimar, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Aprilli keskel käisid Venemaa president Vladimir Putin ja Tšetšeenia asepresident Ramzan Kadõrov visiidil Saksamaal ning külastasid Saksamaa liidukantsleri Gerhard Schröderiga Hannoveri tehnoloogiamessi. Lisa: Kes on Ramzan Kadõrov?

  4. Adamkus shares frank words with Schroeder / Seputyte Milda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milda, Seputyte

    2005-01-01

    Leedu president Valdas Adamkus kohtus Saksamaa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderiga ning avaldas pahameelt rajatava Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme üle. Balti riigid ja Poola on seisukohal, et ka nemad peaksid olema kaasatud läbirääkimistesse Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme rajamise suhtes

  5. Siberist Tšetšeeniani Saksa-Vene koostöö nimel / Aimar Ventsel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ventsel, Aimar, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Aprilli keskel käisid Venemaa president Vladimir Putin ja Tšetšeenia asepresident Ramzan Kadõrov visiidil Saksamaal ning külastasid Saksamaa liidukantsleri Gerhard Schröderiga Hannoveri tehnoloogiamessi. Lisa: Kes on Ramzan Kadõrov?

  6. East Europe Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    lecturer with the College for Agriculture & Foodstuffs In- dustry, Bernburg ; and by Prof Gerhard Kaulitzki, Dr of Agricultural Science, certified...State Management Activities," College for Agriculture and Foodstuffs Industry, Bernburg , 1984, dissertation B, p 29f) The nature of planned measures

  7. Zwei Brüder Dunte aus Reval tun Gutes in Hamburg / Peter von Tiling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiling, Peter von

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnast pärit Dunte suguvõsast, peamiselt vendadest Gustav ja Gerhard Dunte'st (sünd. 1635-1693), kes asunud edukate kaupmeestena elama Hamburgi toetasid märkimisväärselt pastor Johann Winklerit tema tegevuses omaaegsete sotsiaalprobleemidega

  8. Eesti muusika päevad - üks kord aastas, kõigile / Jelena Gandshu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gandshu, Jelena

    2008-01-01

    Muusikateadlased Jelena Gandshu ja Gerhard Lock, heliloojad Age Hirv ja Liis Jürgens 3.-10. aprillini toimunud Eesti muusika päevade kontsertidest: kinos Sõprus "Sensatsioon!!!", Kultuuritehases Polymer "Cellissimo", Estonia kontserdisaalis ERSO "Sümfoonilised hääled", Tallinna raekojas Mihkel Poll ja Oliver Kuusik, Katariina kirikus PaukenfEst, Nigulistes Jüri Reinvere autorikontsert. Järgneb

  9. Pärnu jõgi - linna unustatud arengutelg = The Pärnu river - forgotten growth axis of the town / Rene Valner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Pärnu Linnavalitsuse ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemia korraldatud arhitektuuri ja kohamarketingi Riveside Workshop'ist 18.-28. VI 2001. a. Pärnus. Juhendajad: Viini arhitektuuribüroo Rataplan arhitektid Gerhard Huber ja Susanne Höhndorf, eesti arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Rene Valner ja Indrek Peil

  10. Hirst kukkus Christie'sis läbi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Christie'si kunstioksjon 8. ja 9. X Londonis. Isiklike müügirekorditeni tõusid Felix Gonzalez-Torrese, Jeff Walli ja Anish Kapoori tööde hinnad. Damien Hirst müüs ühe maali. Ostjat ei leidnud Gerhard Richteri maal 'Seestück', oksjoni kalleim töö

  11. Kaalul on Euroopa ühtsus / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsleri Angela Merkeli Eesti-visiidi eel kirjutab autor eelmise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi suhtumisest Eestisse ja Venemaasse, A. Merkeli poliitilisest kursist ja suhetest Venemaaga, riikide diplomaatilisest võitlusest ning leiab, et Gruusia kriis paneb Saksamaa keeruliste valikute ette

  12. Pilot analysis of global ecosystems: Agroecosystems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wood, S.; Sebastian, K.; Scherr, S.J.

    2000-01-01

    A joint study by International Food Policy Research Institute and World Resources Institute with Analytical Contributions from Niels H. Batjes, ISRIC; Andrew Farrow, CIAT; Jean Marc Faurès, FAO; Günther Fischer, IIASA; Gerhard Heilig, IIASA; Julio Henao, IFDC; Robert Hijmans, CIP; Freddy

  13. Uudishimu ja juhuslikkus / Kristina Tischler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tischler, Kristina

    2010-01-01

    Fotonäitus "Curious abot the world" ("Uudishimulik") Tallinnas Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 3. veebruarini 2010. Lea Tomsoni (kuraator, Eesti), Roxanne Brousseau-Felio (Kanada) ja Takaki Hashimoto (Jaapan) töödest ning näitust saatvast Gerhard Locki (Saksamaa/Eesti) loodud muusikast

  14. Pärnu jõgi - linna unustatud arengutelg = The Pärnu river - forgotten growth axis of the town / Rene Valner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Pärnu Linnavalitsuse ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemia korraldatud arhitektuuri ja kohamarketingi Riveside Workshop'ist 18.-28. VI 2001. a. Pärnus. Juhendajad: Viini arhitektuuribüroo Rataplan arhitektid Gerhard Huber ja Susanne Höhndorf, eesti arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Rene Valner ja Indrek Peil

  15. Dürr : stagneerunud Saksamaa / Tobias Dürr ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dürr, Tobias

    2005-01-01

    Saksa politoloog, ajalehe Berliner Republik peatoimetaja vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Saksamaa poliitika muutumist, senise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi suurimaid vigu, sakslaste pessimismi, Eesti poliitikute muret Saksa uue koalitsioonilepingu selle punkti üle, milles käsitletakse maksudumpingu vältimist, uute ideoloogiate tekkimise võimalust

  16. Riigijuhtide tühjad naeratused Reini-äärses Mainzis / Christoph Bertram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bertram, Christoph

    2005-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi ning Saksa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi kohtumise eel on Saksa rahvusvaheliste ja julgeoleku-uuringute instituudi direktor seisukohal, et mõlemad kahtlevad endiselt, kas nad suudavad omavahelisi erimeelsusi ületada. Lisa: USA ja Saksamaa erimeelsused

  17. Uuemat kirjandusteadust Saksast (4) : Böhlau esitleb Austriat / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Hall, Murray G.; Renner, Gerhard. Handbuch der Nachlässe und Sammlungen österreichischer Autoren. 2., neu bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995 ; Kontinent Bernhard : Zur Thomas - Bernhard - Rezeption in Europa / Hrsg. Wolfram Bayer, Claude Porcell. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995

  18. Saksamaa saab esimese naiskantsleri Angela Merkeli / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Gerhard Schröder lahkub valitsusjuhi kohalt ja Angela Merkelist saab uus Saksamaa kantsler, kui kristlike demokraatide ja sotsiaaldemokraatide parlamendisaadikud ja parteiesindajad nõustuvad Schröderi ja Merkeli vahelise kokkuleppega. Ministrikohtade jaotusest. Lisa: Osa sotse keeldub Merkelit toetamast

  19. Schröder ja Persson ründavad madalaid makse / Tõnis Arnover, Kristiina Randmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 7. apr. lk. 6. Saksamaa kantsler Gerhard Schröder ja Rootsi peaminister Göran Persson kritiseerisid uute liikmesriikide madalat maksukoormust ja nõudsid maksumäärade tõstmist. Vaata samas: Saksamaa kardab ettevõtete lahkumist

  20. Venemaa hääletorud / Peeter Kaldre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldre, Peeter, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Gerhard Schröder, Paavo Lipponen ja lord George Robertson on oma sõnavõttudes varjamatult väljendanud Venemaa huve. Mõned Eesti poliitikud ja ärimehed usuvad ka siiani, et Venemaa ja Eesti suhteid parandaks kuulekus Moskvale, autori arvates on see meie riigile ohtlik

  1. Uuemat kirjandusteadust Saksast (4) : Böhlau esitleb Austriat / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Hall, Murray G.; Renner, Gerhard. Handbuch der Nachlässe und Sammlungen österreichischer Autoren. 2., neu bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995 ; Kontinent Bernhard : Zur Thomas - Bernhard - Rezeption in Europa / Hrsg. Wolfram Bayer, Claude Porcell. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995

  2. Molecular diversity of RelA enzyme in marine bacteria- A bioinformatics analysis

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nath, A.I.V.; Tresa, R.A.T.; Alornekar, A.; Varghese, N.S.

    cloning, nucleotide sequence, and deletion of the relA gene. Journal of Bacteriology. 176 (19), 5949-5957. 5. Gerhard Klebe (2000). Recent developments in structure-based drug design. Journal of Molecular Medicine. 78, 269-281 . 6. Gropp Michal, Strausz...

  3. Legacies, Assumptions, and Decisions: The Path to Hiroshima

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    Navy Bard, behevmg Japan was lookmg for a way, out urged warmng m a June 27 memo.& Fmally, Sz~lard med one last moMed pehuon m mrd-July 4g These...Company, 1995 Walzer, Michael Just and Uniust Wars New York Basic Books, Inc , 1977 Wemberg, Gerhard L A World at Arms A Global Hrstorv of World War

  4. Uudishimu ja juhuslikkus / Kristina Tischler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tischler, Kristina

    2010-01-01

    Fotonäitus "Curious abot the world" ("Uudishimulik") Tallinnas Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 3. veebruarini 2010. Lea Tomsoni (kuraator, Eesti), Roxanne Brousseau-Felio (Kanada) ja Takaki Hashimoto (Jaapan) töödest ning näitust saatvast Gerhard Locki (Saksamaa/Eesti) loodud muusikast

  5. Molecules at surfaces: 100 years of physical chemistry in Berlin-Dahlem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ertl, Gerhard

    2013-01-02

    Scratching the surface: for over 100 years the interactions of molecules at surfaces have been studied at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Berlin. Nobel Laureate Gerhard Ertl looks back at some of the key developments in this time, and the people who made them. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Lübecki filmipäevad 1999 ja Thomas Manni ekraniseering 1923 / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    1999-01-01

    4.-7. novembrini Lübeckis toimunud Põhjamaade filmipäevade 41. Nordische Filmtage huvitavamatest filmidest, nagu Thomas Manni "Buddenbrookide" ekraniseering 1923. aastast (režissöör Gerhard Lamprecht) ja Rasmus Gerlachi dokumentaal "Operaator Kaufman" Dziga Vertovist ja tema kahest, samuti kino alal tegutsenud vennast

  7. Calibration of Load Duration Factor kmod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Stang, Birgitte Friis Dela; Svensson, Staffan

    and the stochastic models are formulated in accordance with the load models in the Danish structural codes, DS 409, and DS 410. three damage accumulation models are considered, namely Gerhards model, Barret & Foschi's model, and Foschi & Yao's model. The parameters in these moels are fitted using data relevant...

  8. Adamkus shares frank words with Schroeder / Seputyte Milda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milda, Seputyte

    2005-01-01

    Leedu president Valdas Adamkus kohtus Saksamaa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderiga ning avaldas pahameelt rajatava Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme üle. Balti riigid ja Poola on seisukohal, et ka nemad peaksid olema kaasatud läbirääkimistesse Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme rajamise suhtes

  9. Zwei Brüder Dunte aus Reval tun Gutes in Hamburg / Peter von Tiling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiling, Peter von

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnast pärit Dunte suguvõsast, peamiselt vendadest Gustav ja Gerhard Dunte'st (sünd. 1635-1693), kes asunud edukate kaupmeestena elama Hamburgi toetasid märkimisväärselt pastor Johann Winklerit tema tegevuses omaaegsete sotsiaalprobleemidega

  10. The response of European stock markets to the Brexit

    OpenAIRE

    Raddant, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    This paper reviews the response of the European stock markets to the Brexit referendum. We analyze the correlation of market indices, stock volatility and the special role of stocks from the financial sector. While the impact of the vote was very similar for the stock markets in France, Germany and Spain, in Italy volatility among financial stocks intensified permanently. In dieser Studie untersuchen wir die Reaktion der europäischen Aktienmärkte auf die Volks-abstimmung zum Brexit. Wir an...

  11. lA RELACIÓN ENTRE ONTOLOGÍA Y POLÍTICA EN LA TEORÍA DE LA "VERDAD DEL SEYN"

    OpenAIRE

    Ocampo, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Este texto aborda el singular compromiso de Martin Heidegger con el Nacionalsocialismo durante su florecimiento y desarrollo. Aquí, se expone al filósofo alemán siendo un útil instrumento del III Reich para fundamentar y legitimar el pensamiento nazi en el Volk, a partir de la metafísica; cimentando y justificando la estructura de emplazamiento necesaria para el totalitarismo. Aunado a esto, se indica que esta forma de poder tiene implícita a la Verdad del Seyn como la única vía para salvar a...

  12. Operational Overreach or Academic Under Reach: Preventing Culmination Through Sustainment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    European Theater of Operations, The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge (Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, 1965), 377. 6Ibid., 664-667...ordered to relieve the 560th Volks Grenadier Division in the battle at Fraiture, Belgium. However the 2d SS Panzer Division was unable to begin...Nawoichyk, “MDMP: One Tool in the Commander’s Tool Chest,” Army Logistician 40 (September-October 2008): 18- 19. Theater Sustainment Battle Book, ST4-2

  13. Energy and climate. A vision of the future; Energie und Klima. Ein Blick in die Zukunft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brand, Hans; Hosemann, Gerhard; Riedle, Klaus (eds.)

    2013-07-01

    This book contains five lectures from the symposium of 8 November 2012. The topics and speakers were: 1. The energy turnaround in Germany - Chances and risks (DIETHARD MAGER); 2. The power supply from renewable sources and their constraints (GERHARD HEROLD); 3. What really contributes CO{sub 2} to global warming? (HERMANN HARDE); 4. Sun and greenhouse gas - causes of climate change (FRITZ VAHRENHOLT); 5. The hydrocarbon-cycle management - secure energy and resource supply from renewable energy sources (DOMINIK ROHRMUS). [German] Dieses Buch enthaelt fuenf Vortraege aus dem Symposium vom 8. November 2012. Die Themen und Referenten waren: 1. Die Energiewende in Deutschland - Chancen und Risiken (DIETHARD MAGER); 2. Die Stromversorgung aus regenerativen Quellen und ihre Zwaenge (GERHARD HEROLD); 3. Was traegt CO{sub 2} wirklich zur globalen Erwaermung bei? (HERMANN HARDE); 4. Sonne und Treibhausgase - Ursachen des Klimawandels (FRITZ VAHRENHOLT); 5. Die Kohlenwasserstoff-Kreislaufwirtschaft - sichere Energie- und Ressourcenversorgung mittels erneuerbarer Energien (DOMINIK ROHRMUS).

  14. 固体表面化学过程——2007年度诺贝尔化学奖成果简介%Chemical Processes on Solid Surfaces——Introduction to the 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马秀芳; 邓辉球; 李微雪

    2007-01-01

    瑞典皇家科学院将2007年度诺贝尔化学奖授予德国科学家Gerhard Ertl.以表彰他在固体表面化学过程研究中做出的开拓性贡献.Gerhard Ertl不仅成功地描述了合成氨、CO氧化、H在金属表面的吸附等基本化学反应的具体过程,而且建立的一套表面化学研究方法,奠定了现代表面化学研究的基础.

  15. [Anthropology and synthetic Darwinism in the Third Reich: The Evolution of Organisms (1943)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Junker, Thomas

    2003-03-01

    This essay will analyse early attempts to base anthropology on the theoretical model provided by the emerging synthetic Darwinism of the 1940s. In the first section we will investigate the historical context of the publication of one of the central documents of synthetic Darwinism in Germany: Gerhard Heberer's Die Evolution der Organismen (1943). Anthropology was covered extensively in this book. The second section will give an impression of the live and work of the five anthropologists represented in Heberer's book: Christian von Krogh, Wilhelm Gieseler, Otto Reche, Hans Weinert, and Gerhard Heberer. The third part of our paper will clarify whether these anthropologists shared a common theoretical outlook with the founders of synthetic Darwinism, and to what degree they were committed to the racial ideas of the Third Reich.

  16. Answering Questions from Oceanography Texts: Learner, Task and Text Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-15

    Meyer, Brandt , & Bluth, 1980). Finally, we have been looking at a number of task characteristics that arise from a ," consideration of comprehension...Skilled problem solving in physics: A hierarchical planning model. Journal of Structural Learning. 1(4), 271-298. Meyer, B. J. F., Brandt , D. M...Susan Emreton Dr. Gerhard Fscher Manoower and Personnel Lab University of Kansas Department of Psychology NPRDC (Code 06) Psych. Dept., 426 Fraser

  17. The Great Strategy Debate: NATO’s Evolution in the 1960s

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Erhard resigned and was replaced by Kurt-George Kiesinger, who headed a coalition government made up of the CDU and SPD. Gerhard Schroeder, a moderate...became defense minister and the SPD’s Willy Brandt was named foreign minister. Shortly thereafter Brandt began launching his controversial Ostpolitik...which was aimed at improving relations with the Soviets and resolving disputes over Berlin and Germany’s borders. At the same time, Brandt wanted to

  18. The Logical Basis of Evaluation Order and Pattern-Matching

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-17

    traditional way of expressing the identity coercion interpretation is that subtyping is witnessed by η-expansion, as was discussed for example by Brandt and...proprieta delle forme βη-normali nel λK-calculus. Pubblicazioni 696, Instituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo, Roma, 1968. Michael Brandt and Fritz...cps transform and its semantics. Information and Computation, 188(2):241–283, 2004. Gerhard Gentzen. Untersuchungen über das Logische Schließen

  19. Evaluation of the Protective Efficacy of Recombinant Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Vectors Against Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever in Nonhuman Primate Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-19

    therefore raises questions regarding its vaccine efficiency ( Brandt , Kim et al. 1969; Schulick, Vassalli et al. 1997; Piedra, Poveda et al. 1998...fever in non-human primates. Nature 424, 681-4 (2003). 11. Brandt , C.D. et al. Infections in 18,000 infants and children in a controlled study of...viral progeny ( Gerhard W 2001), and cell-cell transmission of viruses (Pantaleo, Demarest et al. 1995; Burioni, Williamson et al. 1994) have been

  20. The Emerging Shield. The Air Force and the Evolution of Continental Air Defense 1945-1960

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    University of New Brunswick, University of Pennsylvania Canada Frank E. Vandiver Rice University Texas A&M University Charles R. Hamm Gerhard L. Weinberg...cept-minimum air defense-actually entailed. He asked the head of Air Proving Ground Command, Maj. Gen. Carl A. Brandt , to develop a pro- gram for...against modern aircraft and air operations." Spaatz informed Brandt that the development of an air defense system for the United States would cost

  1. Offsets in International Weapons Acquisitions: The Turkish Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-01

    Operational Sciences /s/ Dr. Craig M. Brandt , Reader Date Dean of Academic Affairs Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management...research. First and foremost, I would like to express my gratitude to Dr. Craig M. Brandt and Lt Col (Sel) Stephen M. Swartz who participated in this...Affairs Strategic Policy 1 (January 1998), 9. Lang, Gerhard and George D. Heiss, A Practical Guide to Research Methods-Third Edition, Lanham MD

  2. Conflict or Consensus: East Germany, the Soviet Union and Deutschlandpolitik 1958-1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-01

    176 4. The Prague Proposals .. .. ... .... ...... 178 5. Brandt , Erfurt and Kassel .. .. ..... ... 180 6. The Road to Moscow...interests. Gerhard Wettig argues the European view rather convincingly in stating how the West Europeans were not so surprised by the Soviet action in...for wider cooperation. ERef. 18: p. 1781 In his memoirs, Willy Brandt notes the great I emphasis Kosygin placed on establishing a program of joint

  3. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 75, Number 2, March-April 1932

    Science.gov (United States)

    1932-04-01

    extracts are taken from a recent pub- lication: "l\\Ioderne Cavalerie" in which the author, General G. Brandt , Inspector General of Cavalry 1926- 1931...unfavorable economic situation of the world is having its adverse effect upon this excellent periodi- cal published in the Spanish language by Gerhard Stallings...in Berlin. Recent writings of General Brandt , former Inspector General of Cavalry of the German Army, have renewed general interest in the problems

  4. The Quest for Regime Legitimacy and Stability in the GDR (German Democratic Republic): The Determinant of Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    the new Social Democrats under Chancellor Willy Brandt came to power in the FRG in 1969, a willingness to normalize relations with the Soviet Union... Brandt and the West German leadership in 1969? The answers possibly lie in the prerequisites demanded by the GDR leadership before normal relations...Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia. 1968: Anatomy of a Decision. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1979. Wettigp. Gerhard . Communism and

  5. Germany and the Future of Nuclear Deterrence in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    Stromseth, pp. 186-187. ’ Gerhard Schroder, "Speech to the Assembly of the Western European Union," Proceedings of the Assembly of the Western European...Willy Brandt (1969-1974), followed by Helmut Schmidt (1974-1982). Helmut Schmidt’s influence on nuclear weapons policy is unparalleled in the history...and Ostpolitik: 1970-1974 Willy Brandt was not a primary figure in the development of the Federal Republic’s nuclear weapons policy. Nevertheless, as

  6. Thresholded-Rewards Decision Problems: Acting Effectively in Timed Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-02

    11] F. Dylla, A. Ferrein, G. Lakemeyer, J. Murray, O. Obst , T. Röfer, F. Stolzenburg, U. Visser, and T. Wagner. Towards a league-independent...2005. [12] Frank Dylla, Alexander Ferrein, Gerhard Lakemeyer, Jan Murray, Oliver Obst , Thomas Röfer, Stefan Schiffer, Frieder Stolzenburg, Ubbo Visser...Agents (Agents ’97), 1997. [26] William S. Krasker. Football commentary: Dynamic programming model. http:// www.footballcommentary.com

  7. The European Campaign: Its Origins and Conduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    their de- pleted and weakened status, several German Kampf - gruppe began converging on the British and American units. Many experienced senior leaders...New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1958. Weinberg, Gerhard, ed., Hitler’s Second Book: The Unpublished Sequel to Mein Kampf , New York: Enigma...they were fairly well outlined by Hitler as early as 1924. In his rambling and poorly or- ganized book, Mein Kampf , and his 1928 lesser known “Second

  8. Kremli hirmud / ref. Igor Taro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 21. apr. lk. 11. Kokkuvõte Venemaa naftakompanii Jukos endise juhi Mihhail Hodorkovski advokaadi Robert Amsterdami esinemisest Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituudis, kus ta rääkis Venemaa võimude tegevusest meeleavalduste laialiajamisel ja kritiseeris president Vladimir Putini poliitikat ning Saksamaa endise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi koostööd Venemaaga Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme projektis

  9. AO/ASIF(国际内固定研究学会)及其对全球骨折手术的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗炯; 王满宜

    2002-01-01

    @@ 十九世纪后半叶,随着灭菌术的发展,骨折手术治疗的危险性大大降低.第二次世界大战后,在 Albin Lambotte, Robert Danis, Gerhard Kuntscher和 Lorenz Bohler等欧洲矫形外科先驱们的影响下,骨折内固定的治疗才得以真正发展.

  10. 表面化学的成功

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马修·查默斯; 余家驹

    2009-01-01

    @@ 2007年诺贝尔化学奖得主格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)温柔的嗓音让我昏昏欲睡.而此时此刻,他并不在我的房间里,我是在电视机中收看了当地电视台对他的一个采访,当然他说的是德语.

  11. 诺贝尔化学奖青睐"表面功夫"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 人们常说,少做表面功夫.不过,德国科学家格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)却因在化学领域做足"表面功夫",荣获了2007年度诺贝尔化学奖,独享1000万瑞典克朗(约合154万美元)的奖金.

  12. Sakslased vallutasid Siberi gaasimaardla / Arne Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Arne

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa president Vladimit Putin ja Saksama kantsler Gerhard Schröder viibisid Hannoveris maailma suurimal tööstusmessil. Sõlmiti leping, mille kohaselt hakkab Saksa keemiakontserni BASF tütarfirma Wintershall esimese välisfirmana Siberis koos Gazpromiga gaasi puurima, alla kirjutati ka lepingule gaasijuhtme rajamise kohta Viiburist läbi Läänemere Saksamaale. Vene kartelliamet välistas Saksa firma Siemens osaluse ettevõttes Silovõje Mashinõ

  13. The Challenges of Adopting a Culture of Mission Command in the US Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    formidable and effective force during the World War II. Faced with the task of rebuilding an army under the constraints of the Treaty of Versailles , Hans von... Treaty of Versailles . Seeckt held to the traditional Prussian view that “destruction of the opposing army…is still the highest law of war.” Seeckt...Frederick Wilhelm III, appointed Major General Gerhard von Scharnhorst to head a Military Reorganization Commission after the Treaty of Tilsit in

  14. German Business in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irakliy D. Gvazava

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Since Perestroika German-Russian relationships have been steadily developing fueled by close contacts between the leaders of both countries. Boris Yeltsin and Helmut Kohl, Vladimir Putin and Gerhard Schröder, Dmitry Medvedev and Angela Merkel had friendly relations resulted in some fruitful business projects, intergovernmental economic forums etc. In my article I will consider the activities of German companies in Russia, advantages, barriers and expectations

  15. Uus Saksamaa lubab väikeriigid oma hõlma alla võtta / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Nii väikeriigid kui ka maailma suurriigid on huvitatud sellest, milliseks kujuneb Saksamaa välispoliitika Angela Merkeli võimul olles: esimese kolme ametis oldud nädala jooksul võib järeldada, et Angela Merkel ei jätka Gerhard Schröderi sirgjoonelist välispoliitilist kurssi, vaid eelistab balansseerida erinevate suurvõimude vahel, unustamata samas ka väikeriike. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  16. Project Summaries: Office of Basic Research Contract Program, 1989-1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-01

    University Jean -Claude Falmagne SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVES: The objective is to design, test and implement computerized knowledge assessment procedures, capable...estimate the effects of variability training on transfer. Results are compared to performances on tests adapted from Piaget and on field dependence...Driskell, James 109 Druckman, D. 177 Falmagne, Jean -Claude 117 Fiedler, Fred 15,34 Fields, Lanny 158 Fischer, Gerhard 91 Frederiksen, John 119 Green

  17. Sakslased vallutasid Siberi gaasimaardla / Arne Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Arne

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa president Vladimit Putin ja Saksama kantsler Gerhard Schröder viibisid Hannoveris maailma suurimal tööstusmessil. Sõlmiti leping, mille kohaselt hakkab Saksa keemiakontserni BASF tütarfirma Wintershall esimese välisfirmana Siberis koos Gazpromiga gaasi puurima, alla kirjutati ka lepingule gaasijuhtme rajamise kohta Viiburist läbi Läänemere Saksamaale. Vene kartelliamet välistas Saksa firma Siemens osaluse ettevõttes Silovõje Mashinõ

  18. Saksamaa soometumine / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2004-01-01

    Saksamaa president Horst Köhler kritiseeris Saksamaa ettevaatlikku Venemaa-poliitikat ning kantsler Gerhard Schröderit Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini poliitilise kaitse alla võtmise eest. Soome ajakirjaniku hinnangul on Schröderi poliitikal kõik nn soometumise e. finlandiseerumise tunnusmärgid: on olemas rahvusliku enesemääramise tunnusmärgid ja sümbolid, kuid riigi tegevusvabadust piirab Venemaa surve

  19. Londoni aruanne / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Näitus "Uus kunst Lähis-Idast" Saatchi galeriis. Prantsuse installatsioonikunstniku Anette Messageri näitus "The Messengers" ("Sõnumitoojad") ja Mark Wallingeri kureeritud näitus "Russian linesman" ("Vene piirikohtunik") Haywardis Southbank Centre's. Tate triennaali näitus "Altermodern" ("Vana modernism"), kuraator Nicolas Bourriaud. Valik Pablo Picasso töödest "Challenging the past" ("Minevikku vaidlustades") The National Gallery's. Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri näitus National Portrait Gallery's

  20. Uus Saksamaa lubab väikeriigid oma hõlma alla võtta / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Nii väikeriigid kui ka maailma suurriigid on huvitatud sellest, milliseks kujuneb Saksamaa välispoliitika Angela Merkeli võimul olles: esimese kolme ametis oldud nädala jooksul võib järeldada, et Angela Merkel ei jätka Gerhard Schröderi sirgjoonelist välispoliitilist kurssi, vaid eelistab balansseerida erinevate suurvõimude vahel, unustamata samas ka väikeriike. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  1. Londoni aruanne / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Näitus "Uus kunst Lähis-Idast" Saatchi galeriis. Prantsuse installatsioonikunstniku Anette Messageri näitus "The Messengers" ("Sõnumitoojad") ja Mark Wallingeri kureeritud näitus "Russian linesman" ("Vene piirikohtunik") Haywardis Southbank Centre's. Tate triennaali näitus "Altermodern" ("Vana modernism"), kuraator Nicolas Bourriaud. Valik Pablo Picasso töödest "Challenging the past" ("Minevikku vaidlustades") The National Gallery's. Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri näitus National Portrait Gallery's

  2. Safety and performance of cohesive polydensified matrix hyaluronic acid fillers with lidocaine in the clinical setting – an open-label, multicenter study

    OpenAIRE

    Kühne U; Esmann J; von Heimburg D; Imhof M; Weissenberger P; Sattler G

    2016-01-01

    Ulrich Kühne,1 Jørgen Esmann,2 Dennis von Heimburg,3 Matthias Imhof,1 Petra Weissenberger,4 Gerhard Sattler,5 On behalf of the BALIA Study Group 1Aesthetische Dermatologie im Medico Palais, Bad Soden, Germany; 2Jørgen Esmann Aps, Hellerup, Denmark; 3Praxisklinik Kaiserplatz, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 4Corporate Clinical Research, Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 5Rosenparkklinik GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany Abstract: Cohesive polydensified ma...

  3. The Generalized Trajectory Simulation System. Volume 4. Numerical Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-04-15

    Aerospace Corporation by D.A. Schermerhorn and A. R. Sims, Engineering Science Operations. The Air Force Project Engineer was Lt. Joe Hildreth, AFRPL...foreign nations. Gerhard E. Aichinger T echnica! &.4-d;a. " Contracts Management Office FOR THE COMMANDLR T iaK J.’ B an - Chief, Contrat Management ...L I VA LflUI CODES JUN 14 1978 , I WMAL iv PR(CEDIM PA34aBL•l•Ipr F- CONTENTS Page 1. INTRODUCTION ............. ......................... . - 2

  4. Military History: A Selected Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    II. 1959. Stadelman, Rudolf . Scharnhorst: Schicksal and geistige Welt. 1952. Tarle, Eugene. Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia. 1942. Thiry, J...of Germany. 1975. *** Smith, Cecil Woodham. The Reason Why. 1965. Stadelman, Rudolf . Moltke und der Stadt. 1950. *** Wawro, Geoffrey. The Austro...Gerhard. The Sword and the Scepter, 4 vols. 1973. Steiner , Zarc S. The Foreign Office and Foreign Policy, 1898-1914. 1969. *** Stevenson, David

  5. Sixth International Workshop on Laser Physics (LPHYS 97) Volume 8, No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Medical and Biological Appi, 62. 4. Hibst, R., Keller, U., and Steiner , R., 1988, Laser in Medicine and Surgery, 4, 163. 5. Jamjoul, H., Pearson...Solarz (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, USA) R. Steiner (Institute of Laser Technologies in Medicine, Ulm, Germany) E.A...Japan), and Ivan A. Shcherbakov (Russia) Laser Methods in Medicine Co-Chairs: Sergey A. Gonchukov (Russia), Gerhard J. Müller (Germany), and Rudolf

  6. A Biophysico-Computational Perspective of Breast Cancer Pathogenesis and Treatment Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    37. Hess , K.R., et al. Pharmacogenomic predictor of sensitivity to preoperative chemotherapy with paclitaxel and fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and...survival. Mol Cell 16, 245-255 (2004). 33. Hess , K.R., et al. Pharmacogenomic predictor of sensitivity to preoperative chemotherapy with paclitaxel and...1999. Using elastomeric membranes as dry resists and for dry lift-off. Langmuir 15:2973–2984. Jacot JG, Abdullah I, Belkin M, Gerhard- Herman M

  7. THE LONG FIGHT: LESSONS FROM THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WEHRMACHT’S HEER

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-05

    eighteenth century, armies from virtually all of the major European powers, Sweden, France, England, and Russia, engaged in fighting on German...experienced officers; teaching at the academy was considered a positive thing.63 The method of academy instruction encouraged creativity and initiative in...Kansas, 2002), xvii. 5 Gerhard P. Gross, The Myth and Reality of German Warfare: Operational Thinking from Moltke the Elder to Heusinger (Lexington

  8. Germany Enjoys Splendid Trade Partnership with China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun; Yongjian

    2005-01-01

      "China and Germany are longterm trade partners, The volume of our bilateral trade has reached more than $54 Million in 2004, Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder have agreed to double our bilateral trade volume by the year 2010." Dr. Volker Stanzel,German Ambassador gave an active appraise on the bilateral trade relations when interviewed by China's Foreign Trade.……

  9. Erfüllungsgehilfen? Die Rolle der Bibliotheken im Rahmen der Bücherverbrennungen 1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Pohlmann

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Dieser Beitrag befasst sich mit den Bücherverbrennungen von 1933 und der Rolle, die Volks- und wissenschaftliche Bibliothekare dabei spielten. Zunächst wird der Verlauf der Bücherverbrennungen dargestellt und hierbei insbesondere auf die „Aktion wider den undeutschen Geist“ eingegangen, die maßgeblich in der Urheberschaft der „Deutschen Studentenschaft“ (DSt organisiert und durchgeführt wurde. Im Anschluss wird die Bandbreite an bibliothekarischen Verhaltensweisen im Zusammenhang mit den Bücherverbrennungen anhand ausgewählter Beispiele beleuchtet. Die Betrachtung erfolgt getrennt nach öffentlichen und wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken, wobei auch die offizielle Haltung der jeweiligen Berufsverbände VDV und VDB thematisiert wird. Zudem wird auf die so genannten „Schwarzen Listen“ eingegangen, die von Volksbibliothekaren erstellt wurden und zahlreiche Titel nunmehr unerwünschter Literatur enthielten. Schließlich wird neben der Mitwirkung bei der Verbrennung von Büchern auch die Rolle der Bibliothekare im Hinblick auf Bestandsaussonderungen im Falle der Volks- und auf Bestandssekretierungen im Falle der wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken eingegangen. Der Beitrag zeigt auf, dass das Verhalten der Bibliothekare zwischen Zustimmung und Ablehnung ein breites Spektrum an Ansichten und Verhaltensweisen umfasste. Verallgemeinerte Aussagen sind somit nicht möglich.

  10. Savant officials in the Prussian mining administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Ursula

    2012-07-01

    In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Prussian State supported savants who combined learned inquiry into nature with technical work. Members of the physical and mathematical classes of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences were involved in State projects such as surveying for the construction of canals, chemical analysis of Silesian iron, production of porcelain and of beet sugar. Some of these men were truly 'hybrid' experts living both in the worlds of State-directed manufacture and academic natural inquiry. Among these savant experts there was a particular sub-group that is at the centre of this paper: mining officials who were also recognized as mineralogists, geologists and chemists. The paper describes and analyses the training and the varied technical and scientific activities of these 'savant officials'. At the centre of attention are the travels of inspection of the mineralogist and mining official Carl Abraham Gerhard (1738-1821) in the late 1760s. I argue that Gerhard's travels of inspection were at the same time geological travels and that savant officials like Gerhard made a significant contribution to the fledgling science of geology.

  11. 浅析德国政治教育的目标、属性与绩效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟斐; 阮一帆

    2008-01-01

    德国政治教育。曾经历了封建君主专制的第二帝国时期的“国民教育”(Staatbuirgerliche Erziehung)、资产阶级魏玛共和国时期的“基于国家和民族的政治教育”(Staatund Volk Bezugspunkte politische Bildung)、纳粹统治的第三帝国时期的“政治教化”(Politische Erziehung)等历史形态。二战以后.鉴于联邦德国政府揭露并深刻反省纳粹统治的黑暗历史.

  12. Termoterapia transpupilar como opção terapêutica para hemangioma circunscrito de coróide: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roizenblatt Jaime

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem um caso de hemangioma circunscrito de coróide, com descolamento de retina associado, tratado por meio de termoterapia transpupilar com laser de diodo. Os parâmetros utilizados foram: 900 mW, mira de 4,2 mm, tempo de 3 minutos, lente QuadrAspheric (Volkâ com fator de magnificação de 1,97. Um mês após o tratamento ocorreu redução significativa do hemangioma, com recuperação integral da visão deste olho. São feitas considerações a respeito do método, o qual mostra-se promissor no tratamento destes tumores vasculares.

  13. Technophiles to Newbies: The Challenge of Supporting Distributed Teams to Maintain Engagement in Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Karen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to look for links in a virtual trainee's interest and self-efficacy in a simulated event as it relates to their previous self-reported technical skill level. Ultimately, the idea would be to provide the right amount of support at the right place at the right time to set the conditions for maximum transfer of the skill sets to the work place. An anecdotal recap of a recent experiment of a medium-scale training event produced in a virtual world will provide examples for discussion. In July 2010, a virtual training event was produced for the Air Force Research Lab's Games for Team Training (GaMeTT) at the Patriot Exercise at Volk Field in Wisconsin. There were 29 EMEDS participants who completed the simulated OCO event using the OLIVE gaming engine. Approximately 25 avatars were present at any given time; including role players, observers, coordinators and participants.

  14. Italiens Geschichte der Judenverfolgung – neu geschrieben

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Brentzel

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available War auch Italien ein Land des Antisemitismus und der Judenverfolgung? Der in der Forschung liebgewordene Unterschied zwischen den beiden faschistischen Systemen im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts wird in der vorliegenden Aufsatzsammlung mit präzisen Forschungsergebnissen hinweggefegt. Es geht den Autor/-innen nicht um Gleichsetzung von Nationalsozialismus und Faschismus. Doch das von Renzo De Felice entworfene, verharmlosende Bild eines den Juden freundlich und solidarisch gesonnenen Volkes und einer lax agierenden Bürokratie ist bei näherer Prüfung unhaltbar geworden. Die Forscher/-innen haben dabei nicht nur die Jahre der Judengesetzgebung in Italien ab 1938 im Blick, sondern gehen den Befunden vom Mittelalter mit der unseligen Tradition des katholischen Antijudaismus bis in das heutige Italien nach, verfeinern ihr Urteil insbesondere mit Blick auf die Lage der Jüdinnen und stellen einige bedeutende Repräsentantinnen sowie die weibliche Erfahrungsliteratur aus den Lagern vor.

  15. "Das Konkrete ist das Abstrakte, an das man sich schließlich gewöhnt hat." (Laurent Schwartz) Über den Ablauf des mathematischen Verstehens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowsky, Martin

    Die im Titel genannte Aussage findet sich in den Lebenserinnerungen von Laurent Schwartz (1915-2002), einem der fruchtbarsten Mathematiker, Mitglied der Gruppe Bourbaki. Im Original lautet die Aussage: "un objet concret est un objet abstrait auquel on a fini par s'habituer." Schwartz erläutert sie am Beispiel des Integrals über {e^{-1/2{x^2}}} , das den Wert Wurzel aus 2π hat und in dem sich also die Zahlen e und π verknüpfen. Was Schwartz aber vor allem ausdrücken will, ist dies: Das mathematische Verständnisd geht langsam vor sich und es bedarf der Anstrengung. "Es ist eine Frage der Zeit und der Energie", sagt Schwartz, und gerade dies mache es so schwer, die höhere Mathematik unter das Volk zu bringen. Das Lernen und Lehren von Mathematik laufe eben mühevoll und langsam ab.

  16. Landschaftsbereiche der Provinz Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Piemontese

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Das Konzept der Landschaft setz sich zusammen aus verschiedenen Bezugspunkten und Interpretationen, je nach dem Blickpunkt, und ihre Wahnehrung veraendert sich je nach der verschiedenartigen Brille mit der man sie sieht. Der Artikel, geht von der Definition der Landschaft aus, wie sie in der Eurpaischen Konvention zitiert ist :“ Ein Teil des Landes, wie es von seinen Volk gesehen ist, dessen Charakter geformt ist aus naturlichen und menschlichen Faktoren und deren Wechselverhaeltnis”. Er wird fortgefuehrt mit der Identifikation der Landschaftsbereiche der Provinz Latina, die angesehn werden sollen als klimatisch, litologisch und morphologisch aenliche Landschaftsportionen, in denen erstens die Merkmale der Flora und Fauna klar werden und an zweiter Stelle, durch den Gebrauch des Territoriums und die Veraendungen mit denen er es gezeichnet hat, das Tun des Menschen. Die Methodik ruht teilweise auf der Klassifizierung des Territoriums, ausgearbeitet von C.Blasio und dem Konkretfall angeglichen.

  17. Auswahl aus den Reden des Präsidenten Gamal Abdel Nasser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Kuntizsch

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Wir haben im folgenden einige Worte des Präsidenten Gamal Abdel Nasser bei verschiedenen Anlässen ausgewählt und in die verschiedenen lebenden Sprachen übertragen, die an unserer Schule gelehrt werden. Wir möchten damit der östlichen und westlichen Welt ein lebendiges Bild vermitteln, vom Kampf des arabischen Volkes für seine Freiheit und den Aufbau einer gesunden, demokratischen, sozialistischen, genossenschaftlichen, Gesellschaft. Das Ausland möge daraus das Wesen des arabischen Nationalismus und seine neutralen friedlichen Ziele erkennen. Hiermit hoffen wir, einen Teil der Aufgabe dieses Institutes gegenüber dem geliebten Vaterland zu erfüllen.

  18. Populisme verleden tijd?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk Jan Wolffram

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Is Populism a Thing of the Past?Is populism a category that contributes to our understanding of politics and its history? A large number of books are dedicated to populism and new titles are published weekly. In this article the balance is drawn up by judging books with different scientific pretentions, but with two features in common. Inspired by a number of classical studies on populism they try to interpret the state of Dutch politics, and at the same time offer a reinterpretation of aspects of the recent and less recent Dutch past. On the basis of a review of these books one has to conclude that populism, unlike the classical ‘isms’ of the history of politics, appears to be too diffuse to be a useful category for an interpretation of the political development in the last decade, or more generally as a phase in the development of democratic political systems.Reviewed books:Baalen, Carla van, e.a. (eds., Waar visie ontbreekt, komt het volk om (Jaarboek Parlementaire Geschiedenis 2011; Amsterdam: Boom, Nijmegen: Centrum voor Parlementaire Geschiedenis, 2011, 239 p., isbn 978 94 6105 546 0.Berger, Peter L., Zijderveld, Anton C., Lof der twijfel. Hoe we overtuigingen kunnen koesteren zonder daarbij fanatiek te worden(Amsterdam: Cossee, 2010, 204 p., isbn 97890 5936 266 6.Heijne, Bas, Moeten wij van elkaar houden? Het populisme ontleed (Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij, 2011, 143 p., isbn 978 90 234 3587 7.Pels, Dick, Het volk bestaat niet. Leiderschap en populisme in de mediademocratie (Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij, 2011, 255 p., isbn 978 90 234 5391 8.Wielenga, Friso, Hartleb, Florian (eds., Populismus in der modernen Demokratie. Die Niederlande und Deutschland im Vergleich(Münster [etc.]: Waxmann, 2011, 244 pp., isbn 978 3 8309 2444 9.Zijderveld, Anton C., Populisme als politiek drijfzand (Cossee essay 8; Amsterdam: Cossee, 2009, 108 p., isbn 978 90 5936 250 5.

  19. Recent advances in computational biology, bioinformatics, medicine, and healthcare by modern OR

    OpenAIRE

    Türkay, Metin; Weber, Gerhard-Wilhelm; Blazewicz, Jacek; Rauner, Marion

    2014-01-01

    CEJOR (2014) 22:427–430 DOI 10.1007/s10100-013-0327-2 EDITORIAL Recent advances in computational biology, bioinformatics, medicine, and healthcare by modern OR Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber · Jacek Blazewicz · Marion Rauner · Metin Türkay Published online: 7 September 2013 © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 At the occasion of the 25th European Conference on Operational Research, EURO XXV 2012, July 8–11, 2012, in Vilnius, Lithuania (http://www.euro-2012.lt/), the ...

  20. Trilogía con Carl Schmitt, mentiras vitales y razón cínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lelio Fernandez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available En las tres novelas detectivescas de Bernhard Schlink que tienen como protagonista al ex fiscal nazi Gerhard Selb, hay vetas jurídicas y referencias éticas que son más densas de lo que aparece a primera vista. Estas páginas procuran comprenderlas con una particular atención a la narrativa en sí y ¿al mismo tiempo y en relación con ella¿ a una tesis del jurista Schlink que critican, entre otros, Robert Alexy y Carlos Bernal.

  1. Entre a abstração e a imagem realista: pintura no limite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Junqueira

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este texto pretende fazer uma reflexão sobre a pintura contemporânea, que se destaca por ficar no limite entre dois conceitos clássicos da arte moderna: "figurativo" e "abstrato". O artigo baseia-se em autores da teoria da arte moderna (como Clement Greenberg e Leo Steinberg da filosofia (como Jacques Rancière, da teoria da arte contemporânea (como Anne Cauquelin e nos escritos do pintor alemão Gerhard Richter.

  2. Introduction of the Noble Prize in Chemistry%2007年诺贝尔化学奖简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔娇娇; 李公春; 建旭平; 刘永辉

    2009-01-01

    简要介绍了2007年诺贝尔化学奖的成果,获得者德国科学家格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)在该成果的主要贡献在于对表面化学领域做出的开创性研究,对于学术研究、农业、化学工业等众多个实用领域具有深远的意义,为表面化学这门学科奠定了基础.

  3. 2007年诺贝尔化学奖得主埃特尔与表面化学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟新; 傅强; 李微雪

    2007-01-01

    瑞典皇家科学院10月10日宣布,将2007年诺贝尔化学奖授予德国马普(Max-Planck)学会弗里茨.哈伯(Fritz-Haber)研究所格哈特·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)教授,以表彰他在固体表面化学过程研究领域做出的开拓性成就.

  4. 现代表面化学的发展——2007年诺贝尔化学奖简介%The History of Modern Surface Chemistry: A Brief Introduction to the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马秀芳; 李微雪; 邓辉球

    2007-01-01

    2007年10月10日,瑞典皇家科学院在斯德哥摩尔宣布,将2007年诺贝尔化学奖授予德国马普学会弗里茨-哈伯研究所的格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)以表彰他在固体表面化学过程研究中的贡献.本文拟对表面化学的发展及埃特尔对表面化学的贡献做一些粗浅的介绍.

  5. 固体表面的化学过程——2007年诺贝尔化学奖简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴祺; 吴永康

    2008-01-01

    2007年10月10日瑞典皇家科学院把本年度诺贝尔化学奖授给德国化学家格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl),表彰他以艰苦细致的工作搞清了气体在固体表面是怎样发生化学反应的,并进而为现代表面化学的发展所作的贡献。

  6. Gentzen's centenary the quest for consistency

    CERN Document Server

    Rathjen, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Gerhard Gentzen has been described as logic’s lost genius, whom Gödel called a better logician than himself. This work comprises articles by leading proof theorists, attesting to Gentzen’s enduring legacy to mathematical logic and beyond. The contributions range from philosophical reflections and re-evaluations of Gentzen’s original consistency proofs to the most recent developments in proof theory. Gentzen founded modern proof theory. His sequent calculus and natural deduction system beautifully explain the deep symmetries of logic. They underlie modern developments in computer science such as automated theorem proving and type theory.

  7. Valencia-Madrid / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Jaan Elken oli Erasmuse programmi raames külalisloengutel Valencia polütehnilises instituudis. Valencia arhitektuurist, muuseumidest, näitusest "Valencia 09. Confines/Passages of Contemporary Arts" Valencia Kaasaegse Kunsti Instituudis, festivalist "PhotoEspana (PHE 09)" Madridis, saksa maalikunstniku näitusest "Gerhard Richter. Fotografias pintadas" ("Maalitud fotod"). Lühidalt hispaania skulptori Juan Muñoze näitusest Hispaania rahvusmuuseumi Reina Sofia kaasaegse kunsti keskuses, prantsuse maalikunstniku Henri Matisse'i näitusest Thyssen-Bornemiszas, hispaania maalikunstniku Joaquín Sorolla näitusest Prado muuseumis

  8. Time, Chance, and Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Gerhard; Hüttemann, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    List of contributors; 1. Introduction Gerhard Ernst and Andreas Hütteman; Part I. The Arrows of Time: 2. Does a low-entropy constraint prevent us from influencing the past? Mathias Frisch; 3. The part hypothesis meets gravity Craig Callender; 4. Quantum gravity and the arrow of time Claus Kiefer; Part II. Probability and Chance: 5. The natural-range conception of probability Jacob Rosenthal; 6. Probability in Boltzmannian statistical mechanics Roman Frigg; 7. Humean mechanics versus a metaphysics of powers Michael Esfeld; Part III. Reduction: 8. The crystallisation of Clausius's phenomenological thermodynamics C. Ulises Moulines; 9. Reduction and renormalization Robert W. Batterman; 10. Irreversibility in stochastic dynamics Jos Uffink; Index.

  9. Valencia-Madrid / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Jaan Elken oli Erasmuse programmi raames külalisloengutel Valencia polütehnilises instituudis. Valencia arhitektuurist, muuseumidest, näitusest "Valencia 09. Confines/Passages of Contemporary Arts" Valencia Kaasaegse Kunsti Instituudis, festivalist "PhotoEspana (PHE 09)" Madridis, saksa maalikunstniku näitusest "Gerhard Richter. Fotografias pintadas" ("Maalitud fotod"). Lühidalt hispaania skulptori Juan Muñoze näitusest Hispaania rahvusmuuseumi Reina Sofia kaasaegse kunsti keskuses, prantsuse maalikunstniku Henri Matisse'i näitusest Thyssen-Bornemiszas, hispaania maalikunstniku Joaquín Sorolla näitusest Prado muuseumis

  10. Quarks, atoms, molecules. On the hunt for the smallest building blocks of the world; Quarks, Atome, Molekuele. Auf der Jagd nach den kleinsten Bausteinen der Welt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staguhn, Gerhard

    2012-07-01

    What exactly are molecules, atoms, quarks - the enigmating smallest building blocks of all life? By this book even hardcore physics and chemistry muffles become experts. The reknown science journalist Gerhard Staguhn embarks on a thrilling quest to find out what holds our world together: The smallest building blocks of the universe, the tiny operations that are taking place in the invisible world of the microcosm. In 69 chapters he tells fascinatingly and easily to be understood from the properties of the atoms and why the quarks until today prefer to be not seen.

  11. Comparison of Trigeminal and Postherpetic Neuralgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Peter N Watson

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Although postherpetic neuralgia and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux are common causes of facial pain, they have very little in common aside from lancinating pain (other qualities of pain in each disorder are different. Each disorder affects different areas of the face and the treatment of each is quite dissimilar. The pathogenesis of these two disorders quite likely involves different mechanisms. This report reviews aspects of these two difficult pain problems, particularly with reference to the work of the late Gerhard Fromm, to whom this is dedicated.

  12. Reactions at Solid Surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ertl, Gerhard

    2009-01-01

    Expanding on the ideas first presented in Gerhard Ertl's acclaimed Baker Lectures at Cornell University, Reactions at Solid Surfaces comprises an authoritative, self-contained, book-length introduction to surface reactions for both professional chemists and students alike. Outlining our present understanding of the fundamental processes underlying reactions at solid surfaces, the book provides the reader with a complete view of how chemistry works at surfaces, and how to understand and probe the dynamics of surface reactions. Comparing traditional surface probes with more modern ones, and brin

  13. Introduction to NATO Technical Course HFM 180 on Strategies to Address Recruiting & Retention Issues in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    United States Major Rob Morrow Canada Maj Psych Jose Puente Spain Dr. Canan Sumer Turkey Ms. Fariya Syed Canada (Director) Local Hosts Major Rob Morrow...Lescreve Belgium Major Rob Morrow Canada (Co-Chair) Maj Psych Jose Puente Spain Mr. Bert Schreurs Belgium Dr. Gerhard Storm Germany (Chair) Joanne...term Consequences of (Mis)Information” - Major Rob Morrow • 10:00 “Values Research” - Major Psy José María Puente • 10:45 MORNING BREAK • 11:15

  14. ESMC

    CERN Multimedia

    Charpak, Georges; Calder,N; De Closets, F; Moosleitner, G; Meijers, H; Patermann, C

    1993-01-01

    Workshops de 2 jours au Cern: 1.partie: communication scientifique: plusieurs discours suivis de questions et intenses discussions: 1.François de Closet "le progrès scientifique" 2.Gerhard Moosleiter(?) exposé avec dias et questions 3.H.Meyers "comment créer de meilleures conditions en communication scientifique 2.partie: science et communication :présentation des dias et questions. Une Russe de Moscou parle entre autre de la situation actuelle de la presse scientifique en Russie 3.partie: conclusions et rapports de la veille de differents groupes de travail 4.partie:questions avec C.Rubbia et N.Calder et remerciements

  15. Fröbel in seinen Briefen. Bemerkungen anläßlich der Edition einer Fröbelbriefausgabe

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Der Beitrag berichtet über die geplante Gesamtausgabe der Briefe Friedrich Fröbels, die von der Fröbel-Forschungsstelle der Gerhard-Mercator-Universität Duisburg mit Unterstützung durch die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft vorbereitet wird. Der Artikel beschreibt die Geschichte der bisherigen Briefteileditionen, umreißt editionskritisch deren Leistung und Defizite und skizziert einige Ergebnisse der quellenkritischen Erschließung aller Briefe Fröbels. (DIPF/Orig.) The authors report on the ...

  16. The Transrapid in Shanghai - Breakthrough for a new market?; Der Transrapid in Shanghai - Weichenstellung fuer den Weltmarkt?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raschbichler, H.G. [Transrapid International GmbH und Co. KG, Berlin (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    On New Year's Eve 2002, the world's first commercial Transrapid superspeed maglev train started for its maiden trip in Shanghai and opened a new chapter of railroad history. In the presence of German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and Chinese Prime Minister Zhu Rongji on board the train, the Transrapid reached the operating speed of 430 km/h planned for scheduled operation on the 30 kilometres long route between the city center and Pudong International Airport. The constructions of the Shanghai Transrapid line and the decision on the maglev projects in Germany have given a boost to the innovative rail system. (orig.) [German] Mit der Jungfernfahrt auf der weltweit ersten kommerziellen Transrapid-Strecke in Shanghai hat am Silvester-Tag 2002 eine neue Aera des Bahnverkehrs begonnen. Mit Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schroeder und dem chinesischen Ministerpraesidenten Zhu Rongji an Bord erreichte die Magnetschwebebahn Transrapid auf der 30 Kilometer langen Strecke zwischen der chinesischen Metropole und dem Flughafen Pudong International bereits die Betriebsgeschwindigkeit von 430 km/h, die fuer den fahrplanmaessigen Betrieb vorgesehen ist. Der Bau der Transrapid-Strecke in Shanghai und die Entscheidung ueber die Magnetschwebebahn-Vorhaben in Deutschland haben dem innovativen Bahnsystem weltweit zusaetzlich Schub gegeben. (orig.)

  17. Challenge energy. Selected lectures; Herausforderung Energie. Ausgewaehlte Vortraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renn, Juergen [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin (Germany); Schloegl, Robert [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin (Germany); Zenner, Hans-Peter (eds.) [Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Aerzte e.V., Bad Honnef (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Within the 126th meeting Society of German Natural Scientists and Physicians e.V. (Bad Honnef, Federal Republic of Germany) at 17th to 21st September 2010 in Dresden (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) The energy turnaround 2011 in Germany: A Vademecum for the discussion? (Robert Schloegl); (2) Smart ideas for future electricity grids (Christian Rehtanz); (3) Energy from the depth: Geothermal power (Ruediger Schulz); (4) Research on the safe final storage of radioactive wastes (Tilmann Rothfuchs); (5) Chances and risks of CO{sub 2} storage (Michael Kuehn); (6) Perspectives for an efficient and sustainable mobility (Rolf Scharwaechter); (7) Import of electricity from the Sahara: Fundamentals of the DESERTEC concepts (Franz Trich); (8) Energy is chemistry - catalysis as a key technology. Energy from tomorrow: A snapshot (Malte Behrens); (9) Different language cultures around the energy (Gerhard Schaefer); (10) Citations for stimulating a discussion (Gerhard Schaefer); (11) Reactions of two opponents in a disputation (Dietrich von Engelhardt).

  18. A secularly evolved model for the Milky Way bar and bulge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Valpuesta, Inma; Gerhard, Ortwin

    2015-03-01

    Bars are strong drivers of secular evolution in disk galaxies. Bars themselves can evolve secularly through angular momentum transport, producing different boxy/peanut and X-shaped bulges. Our Milky Way is an example of a barred galaxy with a boxy bulge. We present a self-consistent N-body simulation of a barred galaxy which matches remarkably well the structure of the inner Milky Way deduced from star counts. In particular, features taken as signatures of a second ``long bar`` can be explained by the interaction between the bar and the spiral arms of the galaxy (Martinez-Valpuesta & Gerhard 2011). Furthermore the structural change in the bulge inside l = 4° measured recently from VVV data can be explained by the high-density near-axisymmetric part of the inner boxy bulge (Gerhard & Martinez-Valpuesta 2012). We also compare this model with kinematic data from recent spectroscopic surveys. We use a modified version of the NMAGIC code (de Lorenzi et al. 2007) to study the properties of the Milky Way bar, obtaining an upper limit for the pattern speed of ~ 42 km/sec/kpc. See Fig. 1 for a comparison of one of our best models with BRAVA data (Kunder et al. 2012).

  19. Islam der Frauen? A Female Islam?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Würth

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Das Thema Islam hat Konjunktur, und auch die Beschäftigung mit dem Thema „muslimische Frauen“ nimmt zu. In den Beiträgen des von Mechthild Rumpf, Ute Gerhard und Mechthild M. Jansen herausgegebenen Sammelbandes werden die widersprüchlichen Folgen von globalen Islamisierungstendenzen für Musliminnen untersucht. Dabei werden sowohl die bestimmenden Faktoren des eigenen Blicks auf „die anderen“ heraus gearbeitet als auch die Komplexität der Geschlechterordnungen in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften und Gemeinschaften. Vor allem geht es den Autorinnen des Bandes darum, die vielfältigen Bedeutungen und Bedeutungszuweisungen des Faktors „Islam“ für das Leben und das Selbstverständnis von Frauen herauszustellen.The topic of Islam is topical and the interest in the issue of „Muslim women“ is also on the rise. The contradictory consequences of a global tendency towards Islamification for female Muslims are examined in the contributions from the anthology edited by Mechthild Rumpf, Ute Gerhard, and Mechthild M. Jansen. The determining factors of the individual gaze directed at „the others“ as well as the complexity of gender hierarchy in societies and communities shaped by Islam are elaborated. Above all, the authors of the volume are concerned with determining the diverse meanings and attributed meanings of the „Islam“ factor for women’s lives and self-understanding.

  20. The invented Baja California: visions of a Mexican territory in the middle 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Mendoza Vargas

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the travels of Peter Gerhard and Ángel Bassols Batalla through the Baja California in the 1950s from a comparative perspective. From the theo-retical viewpoints of the history of geography and the geographical journey as sources of information and working method in situ, the observation and empirical knowledge of the territory are established. The traveling style of both authors involves a cultural consideration, since an invented space emerges before their eyes from their own experience in the peninsula. As a traveler, Peter Gerhard journeyed the peninsula seeking the ancient missions that distinguished Baja California. That is why he organized and integrated the information in a guide, in collaboration with Howard E. Gulick. He conceived the guide for tourists of the United States interested in this region so close to their country. Published in 1956, the guide became the most complete instrument for vacationists in general, and also for sport fishermen, hunters, explorers and campers.

  1. Apie laisvę, karą ir dainas. Über Freiheit, Krieg und Lieder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darius Kuolys

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Der Professor Donatas Sauka in der im Jahr 1970 er­schienenen Monographie Die Eigentümlichkeit und Wert der Volksdichtung analysierte die alten litau­ischen Lieder des Krieges. Dabei nahm er an, dass die Menge von volksgesinnten und freien litauischen Bauern die Ursache der militärischen und politischen Kraft des Großfürstentums Litauen war. Vor allem die Lieder der Kriege gegen Kreuzfahrer waren Aus­druck von Bürgerbewusstsein der freien Bauern. Die späteren Lieder der Zeit des Frondienstes bedeuteten den Zerfall von solchem Bewusstsein.Im Artikel wird diese Annahme im umfassenderen Zusammenhang der Texte und Fakten des Großfür­stentums Litauen analysiert: man betrachtet die Ein­ stellung zu den Bauern in der Publizistik des sech­zehnten-achzehnten Jahrhunderts, in Statuten von Litauen, in Werken der Professoren der Universität Vilnius, in der Kasualdichtung und in den Liedern. Man bemerkt, dass schon im sechzehnten Jahrhun­dert litauische Intellektuellen das Fortbestehen von der Republik Litauen im Zusammenhang mit den Rechten und Freiheiten der Bauern und mit der Ein­tracht aller Stände und Rechtsgleichheit betrachte­ten. Litauische Statute wurden teilweise durch das Prinzip der Rechtsgleichheit der Stände begründet. Durch die Statute versuchte man die Beziehungen zwischen den Ständen zu harmonisieren. Im Jahr 1588 das Statut legitimierte die Todesstrafe gegen einen Adligen wegen absichtlicher Ermordung von einem Menschen nicht adliger Abstammung.Auch die Professoren der Universität Vilnius ver­teidigten die Rechte der Bauern. Dabei betrachtete man die Bauern als freie Menschen. Das von den Re­publikanern Litauens während der Aufklärung vor­bereitete und von Jean Jacque Rousseau unterstützte Programm der Wiederbelebung der Republik be­trachtete man im Zusammenhang mit Befreiung der Bauer und ihre Eingliederung in das politische Volk. Litauische Politiker und Publizisten behaupteten, dass nur das durch freie und b

  2. 加强中国和印度分公司的投资力度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    “目前的业务进展良好。”位于斯图加特的工具系统与服务供应商Hahn&Kolb Werkzeuge公司总经理Gerhard Heilemann说道,增长的动力来源于公司的消费类产品和著名品牌Atorn以及自有品牌Orion。这两种品牌的产品占到了公司大约35%的销售份额。2008年的销售额达到了约2亿欧元(2007年度为179亿欧元)。

  3. A synopsis of the history of Hansen's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couto Dal Secco, Raissa Gonçalves; França, Katlein; Castillo, David; AlHarbi, Mana; Lotti, Torello; Fioranelli, Massimo; Roccia, Maria Grazia

    2017-08-11

    Leprosy is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. This microorganism was discovered by Dr. Gerhard Hansen, and the illness was then baptized as Hansen's disease. For a long time, Hansen's disease was thought to be hereditary-a curse or a punishment from God. The disease affects skin and nerves and can cause severe damage. Due to its destructive effects, leprosy has caused fear, segregation, and prejudice in all societies since Biblical times. Patients with Hansen's disease have not been treated humanely around the world throughout the ages. This article is a summary of curious and interesting facts about the history and cultural aspects of Hansen's disease, which has chastised humanity for centuries. These facts are about the discovery of the disease, its propagation, the evolution of treatments, and the prejudice of society towards patients.

  4. Oplevelsesmiljøernes fem ansigter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thessa

    2008-01-01

    Oplevelsesøkonomi, sundhedsturisme, wellnessområder og meget mere er i dag bud på, hvordan turismeindustrien kan tiltrække flere og mere pengestærke forbrugere. Men hvordan kan man markedsføre sig over for disse oplevelseshungrende mennesker, der ifølge Gerhard Schulze udgøres af fem miljøer? Disse...... miljøer er en ramme for oplevelsen. De kunne kaldes oplevelsesøkonomiens fem ansigter. Kender man disse miljøer, kan man bedre finde ud af, hvad man kan og skal prøve at sælge i oplevelsesøkonomien hvordan. Ved hjælp af samfundsteoretikeren Schulzes bud på oplevelsesmiljøer skal der derfor her forsøges...

  5. On the influence of crack closure on strength estimates of wood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lauge Fuglsang

    2004-01-01

    Three well-known duration of load models (Gerhard, Barrett/Foschi, DVM) are considered in this note with respect to their ability to predict lifetime of wood subjected to harmonically varying loads. The result obtained is that they practically predict the same lifetime—which for low frequency...... loading can be considered approximately true. For higher frequencies, however, this result can be far too overestimated. The reason is that the models considered do not take into account the effect of the crack closure phenomenon (which are the main mechanisms of energy dissipation causing fatigue failure...... in metals).It is suggested that any of the simple models can be used in practice when low frequency load variations are considered. The DVM model, however, should be preferred because of its ability to predict residual strength, and because of its ‘build in’ flexibility with respect to wood quality...

  6. Communicating knowledge in science, science journalism and art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    This paper traces the communication of one particular nanoscientific image depicting subatomic features in the scientific journal Science, the German newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, and in an art print known as Erster Blick (2000) made by one of Germany's leading artists today, Gerhard...... Richter. The specialized knowledge about the image is communicated in three very different contexts with three very different outcomes. The paper uses Niklas Luhmann's system theory to describe science, science journalism, and art as autonomous social subsystems of communication. Also, Luhmann's notions...... of irritation and interference are employed to frame an interpretation of the complex relations between communicating knowledge about the image in science, science journalism, and art. Even though the functional differentiation between the communication systems of science, science journalism, and art remains...

  7. 现代表面化学-燃料电池,人工肥料和清洁排放

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

      10月10日北京时间17时45分,瑞典皇家科学院诺贝尔奖委员会宣布,2007年诺贝尔化学奖授予德国化学家格哈德•埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl),以表彰他在“固体表面化学过程”研究中作出的杰出贡献。现本刊编辑部请专人把诺贝尔基金委员会网站上公布的供公众阅读的资讯译成中文转载,以飨读者。

  8. 由表及“理”——解读2O07年诺贝尔化学奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    2007年诺贝尔化学奖被授予了德国物理化学家格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl),以表彰他在“固体表面化学过程”研究领域作出的开拓性贡献。埃特尔的获奖也是自美国物理化学家欧文·朗缪尔因“在表面化学中的发现和研究”获得1932年诺贝尔奖后,表面化学领域的第二个诺贝尔奖。

  9. An Introduction to 2007 Nobel Laureates of Chemistry:Chemical Processes on Solid Surfaces%固体表面上的化学过程——2007年诺贝尔化学奖简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑仁垟

    2007-01-01

    2007年10月,瑞典皇家科学院宣布将本年度诺贝尔化学奖授予德国马普学会弗里茨-哈伯研究所的格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)教授,以表彰他在固体表面化学过程研究领域做出的开拓性成就。埃特尔1936年10月10日生于德国斯图加特,大学生涯在慕尼黑技术大学度过,并于1965年获博士学位。

  10. 'P-cadherin functional role is dependent on E-cadherin cellular context: a proof of concept using the breast cancer model'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    This article corrects: P-cadherin functional role is dependent on E-cadherin cellular context: a proof of concept using the breast cancer model Volume 229, Issue 5, 705–718, Article first published online: 24 January 2013. By Ana Sofia Ribeiro, Bárbara Sousa, Laura Carreto, Nuno Mendes, Ana Rita Nobre, Sara Ricardo, André Albergaria, Jorge F Cameselle-Teijeiro, Rene Gerhard, Ola Söderberg, Raquel Seruca, Manuel A Santos, Fernando Schmitt and Joana Paredes, J Pathol 2013; 229: 708–718. DOI: 10.1002/path.4143. The above article, published online on 24 January 2013 on Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). The funding information, “This work was also funded by FEDER funds through the Operational Programme for Competitiveness Factors - COMPETE (FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-021209).” was omitted from the Acknowledgements section. We apologise for any inconvenience caused.

  11. Enzymology of acetoclastic methanogenesis. Final technical report, August 1994--July 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ragsdale, S.W.

    1997-12-31

    The overall aims of the proposal were to identify intermediates in the process of methane formation from acetate. The specific aims were: (1) to characterize the mechanism of acetyl-CoA conversion to CH{sub 3}-H{sub 4}MPT, CO, and CoA and elucidate the mechanism of CO oxidation by the methanosarcina thermophila CO dehydrogenase/acetyl-CoA synthase (CODH/ACS), and (2) to study the mechanism of methyl-CoM reduction to methane by developing an activation protocol for methyl-CoM reductase (MCR) and identifying intermediates in the MCR mechanism. The authors also made significant progress toward accomplishing two other specific aims that were not included in the original proposal. These were: (1) to characterize the M. thermophila heterodisulfide reductase (HDR), and (2) to characterize the methyltetrahydromethanopterin: Coenzyme M methyltransferase from Methanosarcina mazei strain Goe1 in collaboration with Gerhard Gottschalk`s group. Results from these four studies are summarized.

  12. The 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for surface chemistry: understanding nanoscale phenomena at surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowker, Michael

    2007-11-01

    The 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Gerhard Ertl for his seminal work in the area of surface science, particularly at the gas-solid interface. Although Ertl began his career at a time when the term "nanotechnology" was not yet known, his contributions to the field have paved the way for many future scientists in this area and led to a deeper understanding of catalysis and other surface-specific processes at the nanoscale. Here, we summarize the scientific developments that guided early progress in surface science, and we explore the major advancements in Ertl's career, including his work on adsorption and oxidation of small molecules on metal surfaces. Significant contributions of other key scientists to this rich area are also presented.

  13. Schule forscht Ansätze und Methoden zum forschenden Lernen

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Kinderunis, Science Center, Experimentierlabore – der Markt der außerschulischen Wissenschaftsvermittlung für Kinder und Jugendliche boomt. Doch in den Schulen findet forschendes Lernen noch wenig Beachtung. Dabei fördert die Methode wichtige Fähigkeiten der Schüler und bietet Chancen für eine zukunftsweisende Schulentwicklung. Die Jugendlichen erarbeiten in Forschungsprojekten eigenständig wissenschaftliche Fragestellungen, suchen Lösungswege, dokumentieren und präsentieren ihre Erkenntisse: Sie trainieren so wissenschaftliches Arbeiten, Eigenverantwortlichkeit, Teamfähigkeit und Zeitmanagement. Lehrer werden zu Lernbegleitern, Schulen öffnen sich für Kooperationen und entwickeln Alternativen zum 45-minütigen Unterrichtstakt. Die Fachbeiträge von Andreas Müller, Ilka Parchmann, Gerhard Roth u. a. untermauern die Praxisberichte aus lern- und entwicklungspsychologischer Sicht. Die Autoren sind sich einig: Wer bereits in der Schule forscht, ist in Studium und Beruf einen großen Schritt voraus....

  14. Theoretical Simulations of Reactive and Nonreactive Scattering of Light Diatomic Molecules from Metal Surfaces: Past, Present, and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Díaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In everyday life we are surrounded by surfaces and, therefore, by phenomena involving molecule-surface interactions. Furthermore, the processes of heterogeneous catalysis, which are governed by molecule-surface interactions, are of huge practical importance, because the production of most synthetic compounds involves catalytic processes, which explains the tremendous effort that surface science scientists have invested to understand the basic principles underlying elementary interactions between light molecules and surfaces. This effort was recognized in 2007 with the Nobel prize in chemistry awarded to Gerhard Ertl. Here we revise some of the most relevant studies performed so far in this field. We also point out the major challenges that the surface science community may face in this field in the years to come.

  15. Mõisakoolid loodavad Euroopa Liidu abile / Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje, 1948-

    2000-01-01

    Austria suursaadik Michael Miess, Rootsi suursaadik Elisabet Borsiin Bonnier, Saksa suursaadik Gerhard Enver Schrömbgens abikaasaga, Soome saatkonna minister-nõunik Nyyrikki Kurkivuori ja Taani saatkonna esimene sekretär Mette Frederiksen külastasid Järvamaa maavanema ja Järvamaa Mõisakoolide Ühingu kutsel Koeru Keskkooli ning Albu, Roosna-Alliku ja Laupa põhikooli. Küllakutse eesmärk oli näidata, mida kujutab endast mujal maailmas tundmatu mõisakool, mis probleeme toob kaasa ja milliseid eeliseid annab koolile töötamine muinsuskaitse all olevas hoones ning kuidas säilitada Eesti mõisaarhitektuuri

  16. Revisiting Gruss's inequality: covariance bounds,QDE but not QD copulas, and central moments

    CERN Document Server

    Egozcue, Martin; Wong, Wing-Keung; Zitikis, Ricardas

    2010-01-01

    Since the pioneering work of Gerhard Gruss dating back to 1935, Gruss's inequality and, more generally, Gruss-type bounds for covariances have fascinated researchers and found numerous applications in areas such as economics, insurance, reliability, and, more generally, decision making under uncertainly. Gruss-type bounds for covariances have been established mainly under most general dependence structures, meaning no restrictions on the dependence structure between the two underlying random variables. Recent work in the area has revealed a potential for improving Gruss-type bounds, including the original Gruss's bound, assuming dependence structures such as quadrant dependence (QD). In this paper we demonstrate that the relatively little explored notion of `quadrant dependence in expectation' (QDE) is ideally suited in the context of bounding covariances, especially those that appear in the aforementioned areas of application. We explore this research avenue in detail, establish general Gruss-type bounds, an...

  17. Singularities and computer algebra festschrift for Gert-Martin Greuel on the occasion of his 70th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Pfister, Gerhard; Schulze, Mathias

    2017-01-01

    This book arose from a conference on “Singularities and Computer Algebra” which was held at the Pfalz-Akademie Lambrecht in June 2015 in honor of Gert-Martin Greuel’s 70th birthday. This unique volume presents a collection of recent original research by some of the leading figures in singularity theory on a broad range of topics including topological and algebraic aspects, classification problems, deformation theory and resolution of singularities. At the same time, the articles highlight a variety of techniques, ranging from theoretical methods to practical tools from computer algebra. Greuel himself made major contributions to the development of both singularity theory and computer algebra. With Gerhard Pfister and Hans Schönemann, he developed the computer algebra system SINGULAR, which has since become the computational tool of choice for many singularity theorists. The book addresses researchers whose work involves singularity theory and computer algebra from the PhD to expert level.

  18. Analysis of Returned Comet Nucleus Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Sherwood

    1997-12-01

    This volume contains abstracts that have been accepted by the Program Committee for presentation at the Workshop on Analysis of Returned Comet Nucleus Samples, held in Milpitas, California, January 16-18, 1989. Conveners are Sherwood Chang (NASA Ames Research Center) and Larry Nyquist (NASA Johnson Space Center). Program Committee members are Thomas Ahrens (ex-officio; California Institute of Technology), Lou Allamandola (NASA Ames Research Center), David Blake (NASA Ames Research Center), Donald Brownlee (University of Washington, Seattle), Theodore E. Bunch (NASA Ames Research Center), Humberto Campins (Planetary Science Institute), Jeff Cuzzi (NASA Ames Research Center), Eberhard Griin (Max-Plank-Institut fiir Kemphysik), Martha Hanner (Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Alan Harris (Jet Propulsion Laboratory), John Kerrid-e (University of Califomia, Los Angeles), Yves Langevin (University of Paris), Gerhard Schwehm (ESTEC), and Paul Weissman (Jet Propulsion Laboratory). Logistics and administrative support for the workshop were provided by the Lunar and Planetary Institute Projects Office.

  19. Figurations of memory in the virtual field of art (history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipiński, Filip

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the location of memory and its relations with perception in contemporary art, as well as how memory takes part and resurfaces in artistic practice. I point to the impossibility of introducing a division between individual and collective memory and I refer to the notion of virtuality, which defines the immaterial visuality of memory coming into interaction with the perceived image that constitutes the expanded field of the process of construction and reception of an art work. In the second part of the text I provide a detailed analysis of means of visualising memory – the manifestations of its work that diversify the initial image – in the work of four artists: Zbigniew Libera, Gerhard Richter, Ken Aptekar and Izabella Gustowska. In conclusion, following Rosalind Krauss, I point to the necessity of redefining and "remembering" about the medium in contemporary art, with memory, in the context of the analysed works, as its founding element.

  20. Episodic cluster headache from a textbook of 1745: van Swieten's classic description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isler, H

    1993-06-01

    The first description of cluster headache is usually attributed to authors who published between 1867 and 1939, but lately several researchers have found accounts dating back to the 18th or even the 17th century which are incomplete or do not account for cluster headache in the strict sense. However, Gerhard van Swieten gave a full description of a case of episodic cluster headache meeting the IHS criteria in 1745, in his textbook of clinical medicine, the mainstream textbook of Continental medicine in those years, since van Swieten was the founder of the then leading medical centre, the Vienna School. That the case was found again only in 1992 is due to the circumstance that it was published in Latin. It is presented here in an English translation facing the original Latin text.

  1. Una historiografía sobre historia medieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Scmitt

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Hace poco tiempo, Otto-Gerhard Oexle nos introducía en las "tendencias recientes de la historia medieval en Alemania", mostrándonos con fineza en qué medida los medievalistas alemanes de hoy buscan, más o menos explicitamente, reconcilarse con el gran vuelco socoilógico alean de comienzos de siglo -especialmente aquel de Georg Simmel y de Max Weber- contrarrestado, como es sabido, por la "catástrofe" del nazismo y sus consecuencia sobre la historigrafía durante ese período y, probablemente también fuera de ella. En Francia, la fecundidad del pensamiento de un Marc Bloch o de una Maurice Halbwachs, por el contrario, pudo inscribirse en la continuidad de la ruptura epistemológica iniciada a comienzos del siglo XX por Emile Durkheim.

  2. [Précis de chimie organique (1844-1846) and the Traité de chimie organique (1853-1856) from Charles Gerhardt].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delort, Marie

    2007-07-01

    In 1844 and in 1853 Charles Gerhardt writes two textbooks about organic chemistry: Précis de chimie organique and Traité de chimie organique. In these textbooks Gerhard presents a way to arrange organic compounds in series. The Traité is more accomplished. The classification has improved. His idea is that all organic compounds are based on four main types (i.e., hydrogen, hydrogen chloride, ammonia, and water). Why did Gerhardt chose to develop his theories in a textbook and not in scientific papers? We can think of a few reasons: in a textbook he could articulate ideas and could give constitency to his theories. It is longer than a paper. Textbook authors are less rescricted. The readers are students.

  3. Islam der Frauen?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Würth

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Das Thema Islam hat Konjunktur, und auch die Beschäftigung mit dem Thema „muslimische Frauen“ nimmt zu. In den Beiträgen des von Mechthild Rumpf, Ute Gerhard und Mechthild M. Jansen herausgegebenen Sammelbandes werden die widersprüchlichen Folgen von globalen Islamisierungstendenzen für Musliminnen untersucht. Dabei werden sowohl die bestimmenden Faktoren des eigenen Blicks auf „die anderen“ heraus gearbeitet als auch die Komplexität der Geschlechterordnungen in islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften und Gemeinschaften. Vor allem geht es den Autorinnen des Bandes darum, die vielfältigen Bedeutungen und Bedeutungszuweisungen des Faktors „Islam“ für das Leben und das Selbstverständnis von Frauen herauszustellen.

  4. La Baja California inventada: visiones sobre un territorio mexicano a mediados del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Mendoza Vargas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen. Este artículo examina los viajes de Peter Gerhard y Ángel Bassols Batalla por la Baja California en los años cincuenta. Ante sus ojos emerge un espacio inventado a partir de la experiencia de cada uno en la península. Gerhard, como viajero, integraba una imagen práctica, placentera y lúdica dirigida a los turistas estadounidenses que con la rapidez y la seguridad del automóvil, podrían disfrutar del sol, las playas, los ranchos y la aventura del pasado histórico en los sitios misionales, además de la caza y la pesca deportiva. Por su parte, Bassols Batalla se adentró al territorio como explorador y, a través de una planeación racional de sus travesías y del análisis geoeconómico como metodología, concluyó que era necesario favorecer la colonización, la consolidación del Estado, el interés nacional y la reafirmación de la soberanía. La comparación entre las visiones de ambos autores señala coincidencias y diferencias que ayudan a comprender la relevancia del viaje geográfico como fuente de información y método de trabajo, indispensable para entender la realidad de una región aislada de México.

  5. The library was used as Copernicus in Auersperg’s and Lyceal Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Južnič

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We described the beginnings of the Auersperg Prince’s Library of Ljubljana. The special concern was put on the most important bibliophile among the Auerpergs, Volk Engelbert. The work of his friend and librarian, Schönleben, was put in the limelight. We researched the catalogue of Auersperg’s mathematical books, including astronomy and discussed the importance and value of particular items. The library was used as the base for the analysis of Auersperg’s scientific interests just after they returned to the Catholic faith. We also examined their opinion about Copernicus. The contemporary destiny of the Auersperg Prince’s Library was mentioned. In this very moment just some books of the former Ljubljanian library could be traced in different foreign libraries, especially in USA. We discovered the second edition of Copernicus’ De Revolutionibus which National and University Library of Ljubljana inherited from the Ljubljanian Jesuit library. Because of the wrong year written in Cobiss record, this precious treasure was unknown to the researchers up to now.

  6. Differences of optic disc appearance between normal tension and high tension glaucoma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojčić Milan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The term glaucoma is used to cover a wide range of diseases, whose main feature is optic neuropathy. According to the level of intraocular pressure (IOP, the open angle glaucoma is arbitrarily divided into high tension glaucoma (HTG and normal tension glaucoma (NTG. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences of optic disc cup appearance between patients with NTG and HTG. Methods. Prospective study included 30 patients (60 eyes with NTG and 30 patients (60 eyes with HTG. IOP was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry. Examination of optic disc head was performed by indirect ophthalmoscopy with Volk 90 D superfield lens through a dilated pupil to observe qualitative and quantitative parameters. Visual fields were examined in all patients with the Octopus program G1, full threshold strategy (Octopus 500 EZ, Interzeag, Switzerland. Results. Vertical form of optic disc cup was present in 11 eyes with NTG (18.3% and three eyes with HTG (5% (p<0.05. A disc with localized tissue loss (polar notching on the inferior pole was observed in eight eyes with NTG (13.3% and in one eye with HTG (1.7% (p<0.01. Uniformly enlarged, round cup was more frequent in patients with HTG than NTG: 93.3% and 68.3% respectively (p<0.05. Conclusion. The perceived differences indicate a complex multifactorial nature of glaucoma disease and a possible existence of two pathophysiological ways of optic disc changes within the same basic disease.

  7. 近现代德国政治教育发展进程述略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正汉; 傅安洲; 阮一帆

    2006-01-01

    德国政治教育有着悠久的历史和深厚的传统,历代统治者都十分重视对民众的政治教育工作。如同其国家的历史一样,德国政治教育的历史也长期处在不断的分裂与融合之中。政治教育总是服务于统治者特定的政治目标,导致其伴随每一次社会政治变革与政治秩序的更迭,而被赋予不同的内涵,如君主专制时期的“臣民教育”(Staatbtirgerliche Erziehung)、魏玛共和国的“基于国家和民族的政治教育”(Staatund Volk Bezugspunkte politische Bildung)、纳粹统治时期的“政治教化”(Nationalpolitis -che Erziebung)以及当代德意志联邦共和国的“民主政治教育”(demokrafischer politischer Bildung)。

  8. Did our Solar System once have a STIP?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladman, Brett

    2015-05-01

    Continuing the established tradition in the field of speculative "fairy tales", we postulate that our Solar System once had a set of several additional Earth-scale planets interior to the orbit of Venus. This would resolve a known issue that the energy and angular momentum of our inner-planet system is best explained by accreting the current terrestrial planets from a disk limited to 0.7-1.1 AU; in our picture the disk material closer to the Sun also formed planets, but they have since been destroyed. By studying the orbital stability of systems likethe known Kepler systems, Volk and Gladman (companion abstract) demonstrate that orbital excitation and collisional destruction could be confined to just the inner parts of the system. In this scenario, our Mercury is the final remnant of the inner system's destruction via a violent multi-collision (and/or hit-and-run disruption) process.This would provide a natural explanation for Mercury's unusually high eccentricity and orbital inclination; it also fits into the general picture of long-timescale secular orbital instability, with Mercury's current orbit being unstable on 5 Gyr time scales. The common decade spacing of instability time scales raises the intriguing possibility that this destruction occurred roughly 0.6 Gyr after the formation of our Solar System and that the lunar cataclysm is a preserved record of this apocalyptic event that began when slow secular chaos generated orbital instability in our former super-Earth system.

  9. Application of optical scanning for measurements of castings and cores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Wieczorowski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper application of non destructive method for dimensional control of elements in initial phase of car manufacturing, at Volks-wagen Poznań foundry was presented. VW foundry in Poznań is responsible of series production of chill and dies castings made of light alloys using contemporary technologies. Castings have a complex shape: they are die castings of housings for steering columns and gravity chill castings of cylinder heads, for which cores are manufactured using both hot box and cold box method. Manufacturing capabilities of VW foundry in Poznań reach 26.000 tons of aluminum castings per year. Optical system ATOS at Volkswagen Poznań foundry is used to digitize object and determination of all dimensions and shapes of inspected object. This technology is applied in car industry, reverse engineering, quality analysis and control and to solve many similar tasks. System is based on triangulation: sensor head projects different fringes patterns onto a measured object while scanner observes their trajectories using two cameras. Basing on optical transform equations a processing unit automatically and with a great accuracy calculates 3D coordinates for every pixel of camera. Depending on camera reso-lution as an effect of such a scan we obtain a cloud of up to 4 million points for every single measurement. In the paper examples of di-mensional analysis regarding castings and cores were presented.

  10. A high intensity 200 mA proton source for the FRANZ-Project (Frankfurt-Neutron-Source at the Stern-Gerlach-Center)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweizer, W.; Ratzinger, U.; Klump, B.; Volk, K.

    2014-02-01

    At the University of Frankfurt a high current proton source has been developed and tested for the FRANZ-Project [U. Ratzinger, L. P. Chau, O. Meusel, A. Schempp, K. Volk, M. Heil, F. Käppeler, and R. Stieglitz, "Intense pulsed neutron source FRANZ in the 1-500 keV range," ICANS-XVIII Proceedings, Dongguan, April 2007, p. 210]. The ion source is a filament driven arc discharge ion source. The new design consists of a plasma generator, equipped with a filter magnet to produce nearly pure proton beams (92 %), and a compact triode extraction system. The beam current density has been enhanced up to 521 mA/cm2. Using an emission opening radius of 4 mm, a proton beam current of 240 mA at 50 keV beam energy in continuous wave mode (cw) has been extracted. This paper will present the current status of the proton source including experimental results of detailed investigations of the beam composition in dependence of different plasma parameters. Both, cw and pulsed mode were studied. Furthermore, the performance of the ion source was studied with deuterium as working gas.

  11. MANAGEMENT OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY, PREVALENCE AND CLINICAL CLASSIFICATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajvazi, Alil; Lutaj, Pajtim; Goranci, Ilhami

    2014-01-01

    To ascertain the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy--DR, based on the duration of the diabetes mellitus--DM and to compare it with data from relevant literature and other referent clinics. In this study are included the patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 insulin-dependent--DMID and diabetes mellitus type 2 non-insulin-dependent--DMNID. The duration of diabetes in the examined patients varied from 5 till 30 years. We have applied examination by ophthalmoscope, slit lamp bio-microscopy with Volk and Goldman lens, optical coherence tomography--OCT as well as fluorescein angiography--FAG. Have been included the treated patients with DR, from September 2004-2014. In diabetic patients suffering for a period of 5 years, the prevalence of DR is 10%. In diabetic patients suffering over 30 years, the prevalence of DR is varied from 82% until 97%. Diabetic retinopathy, undertakes a multidisciplinary approach in all patients with diabetes to achieve optimal blood glucose control HbA1c levels 7.0% or lower and to adequately manage systolic blood pressure less than 140 mmHg and serum LDL cholesterol of less than 2.5 mmol/L and triglycerides of less than 2.0 mmol/L. Always should be assessed visual acuity at the time of DR examination.

  12. Famiglia e geno-poiesi nel Nazionalsocialismo - Family and genos-poiesis in National Socialism

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    Alberto Castaldini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Nazi regime (1933-45 wanted to protect and promote through the creation of a new family structure the conservation of the biological heredity of the German nation, in order to preserve and refine obsessively the identity and the purity of the so-called Blutsgemeinschaft, the “community of blood” in which to identify the political and the cultural entity of the Volk, one of the pillars of Hitler’s biocracy. In the first half of the 20th century the value of memory, the nature of the family and the meaning of the relationship between the generations were manipulated and debased. This view, with its tragic ethical and juridical consequences, was scientifically warranted by German academic world, whose leading exponents took controversial positions. For instance the human biologist and eugenicist Otmar von Verschuer (1896-1969 theorized a biological unity between present and past, stating that the “German people is a large community of ancestors, namely a consanguineous solidarity”. In this way the Nazis deeply redefined the bonds of kinship and the genos assumed the nature of a “fictitious symbol” (C. Tullio-Altan in the service of a regime that in the name of an imaginary ancestral vitalism pursued a systematic policy of death.

  13. Diabetic retinopathy, visual impairment and ocular status among patients with diabetes mellitus in Yemen: A hospital-based study

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    Bamashmus Mahfouth

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : We present a series of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM who attended an eye hospital in Sana, Yemen during 2004. Aim: To determine the magnitude and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy (DR. Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Ophthalmologists assessed vision, ocular pressure, ocular media and posterior segment to note ocular manifestations among patients with DM. DR was graded by using bio-microscope and Volk lens. The prevalence and 95% confidence interval of ocular complications of DM were calculated. Risk factors of DR like age, sex, duration of diabetes and hypertension were evaluated. Statistical a0 nalysis : Univariate and multivariate analysis. Results : Our series comprised 350 patients suffering from DM. The duration of diabetes was ≥15 years in 101 (29% patients. Physician was treating 108 DM patients with insulin. The prevalence of DR was 55% (95% CI 49.6-60.1. The proportions of background diabetic retinopathy (BDR, preproliferative diabetic retinopathy (PPDR, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR and diabetic macular edema were 20%, 13%, 17% and 22% respectively. The prevalence of blindness among DM patients was 16%. The prevalence of cataract and glaucoma was 34.3% and 8.6%. Duration of DM was the predictor of DR. One-fifth of the patients had sight-threatening DR and needed laser treatment. Conclusions : DR was of public health magnitude among our patients. An organized approach is recommended to address DR in the study area.

  14. Maarten’t Hart bestaat niet

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    H. Werhnan

    1992-05-01

    Full Text Available Maarten 't Hart werd in 1944 geboren in het Nederlandse stadje Maasshuis. Daar spelen verscheidene van zijn autobiografische romans, een teken dat hij verknocht is aan zijn geboortegrond. In zijn eerste romans Stenen voor een ransuil (1971 en Ik had een wapenbroeder (1973 staat het thema van de homoseksualiteit centraal. In zijn latere werk spelen de liefde tussen man en vrouw en de liefde voor de natuur en de muziek een grote rol. Veel van zijn werk, vooral zijn beroemdste roman Een vlucht regenwulpen, staat in het teken van de gewenste eenzaamheid. Behalve zeventien romans en verhalenbundels (de meest recente roman Onder de korenmaat verscheen in 1991 publiceerde Maarten 't Hart een tienlal boeken met populair-welenschappelijke studies en essays. In Ratten (1973 gaat het over zijn voorliefde voor een gediscrimineerd dier, in De som van misverstanden (1978 beschrijfl hij zijn liefde voor de literatuur, in De vrouw bestaat niel trekt hij len strijde tegen het feminisme en in Een dasspeld uit Toela (1990 rekent hij af met de literatuurcritici. Maarten't Hart is een uitnemend en gevoelig verteller Waarschijnlijk is het aan zijn nogal slordige stijl en zijn afkeer van het experiment in de romankunst te wijten dal hij na de Multatuliprijs-1975 voor zijn verhalenbundel Het vrome volk (1974 geen enkele lileraire prijs meer heeft gekregen. Wei halen zijn boeken hoge oplagen en is hij ereburger van Maasshuis.

  15. Suid-Afrika se dilemma: Uitdagings en geleenthede*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. P. Robbertse

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available U ontvang vanaand almal sertifikate wat as bewys sal dien dat u ’n graad verwcrf het na volgehoue studie van minstens drie jaar. U moes baie toetse en ’n hele aan- tal eksamens slaag. Hierdie eksamens en evalueringstoetse is telkens gestel om u kennis te meet, naamlik die kennis wat u veronderstel was om van die bepaalde vak te verwerf het. En u het finaal gestaag: u het daardie veronderstelde kennis, inderdaad verwerf. Nou kom die groot vraag, seker die allerbelangrikste vraag wat ek vanaand aan u kan stel: wat gaan u met die verworwe kennis maak? Inderdaad ja, u het na die Universiteit gekom om u voor te berei vir die lewe. U wil as u hiervandaan vertrek (om dit nou maar gewoonweg te stel toeberei wees om “ ’n lewe te gaan maak” , vir uself ’n lewe te gaan verdien. Is ek reg, of wil u, as u hiervandaan vertrek, die kennis wat u verwerf het gaan aanwend in diens van andere, d.w.s. van u naaste, die volk van wie u lid is, die land waarin u woon en wat ons almal liefhet?

  16. Den öffentlichen Raum „hacken“ und die Menschen beeinflussen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwan Ahmett

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available 65 Jahre nach der Unabhängigkeitserklärung Indonesiens kletterte ein Mann mittleren Alters in Jakarta verbotenerweise auf das Dach des indonesischen Parlamentsgebäudes. Seine Botschaft waren drei Wörter, die sehr gut die Stimmung im Land zum Ausdruck brachten. Seine „Waffe“ war eine Farbspraydose für zwei US-Dollar. Pong Harjatmos Aktion stieß auf öffentliche Resonanz, weil klar war, dass es nicht mehr ausreicht, sich von der Politik abzuwenden und diesem ruhmreichen Gebäude lediglich den Mittelfinger zu zeigen. Die zahllosen Korruptionsaffären sind nur die Spitze eines Eisbergs. Harjatmo, ein einfacher Mann, überbrachte den Volks vertreter_innen eine Botschaft, die aus der Tiefe seines Gewissens kam: „Honest, Fair, Firm“. (... Waffen und Kämpfe sind untrennbar. Ich war immer überzeugt davon, dass die Effizienz einer Waffe vor allem davon abhängt, wie sie eingesetzt wird und nicht von der Kraft der sie nutzenden Person.

  17. A high intensity 200 mA proton source for the FRANZ-Project (Frankfurt-Neutron-Source at the Stern-Gerlach-Center)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweizer, W., E-mail: schweizer@physik.uni-frankfurt.de; Ratzinger, U.; Klump, B.; Volk, K. [Institute of Applied Physics, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2014-02-15

    At the University of Frankfurt a high current proton source has been developed and tested for the FRANZ-Project [U. Ratzinger, L. P. Chau, O. Meusel, A. Schempp, K. Volk, M. Heil, F. Käppeler, and R. Stieglitz, “Intense pulsed neutron source FRANZ in the 1–500 keV range,” ICANS-XVIII Proceedings, Dongguan, April 2007, p. 210]. The ion source is a filament driven arc discharge ion source. The new design consists of a plasma generator, equipped with a filter magnet to produce nearly pure proton beams (92 %), and a compact triode extraction system. The beam current density has been enhanced up to 521 mA/cm{sup 2}. Using an emission opening radius of 4 mm, a proton beam current of 240 mA at 50 keV beam energy in continuous wave mode (cw) has been extracted. This paper will present the current status of the proton source including experimental results of detailed investigations of the beam composition in dependence of different plasma parameters. Both, cw and pulsed mode were studied. Furthermore, the performance of the ion source was studied with deuterium as working gas.

  18. Nonlinear Landau damping and Alfven wave dissipation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinas, Adolfo F.; Miller, James A.

    1995-01-01

    Nonlinear Landau damping has been often suggested to be the cause of the dissipation of Alfven waves in the solar wind as well as the mechanism for ion heating and selective preacceleration in solar flares. We discuss the viability of these processes in light of our theoretical and numerical results. We present one-dimensional hybrid plasma simulations of the nonlinear Landau damping of parallel Alfven waves. In this scenario, two Alfven waves nonresonantly combine to create second-order magnetic field pressure gradients, which then drive density fluctuations, which in turn drive a second-order longitudinal electric field. Under certain conditions, this electric field strongly interacts with the ambient ions via the Landau resonance which leads to a rapid dissipation of the Alfven wave energy. While there is a net flux of energy from the waves to the ions, one of the Alfven waves will grow if both have the same polarization. We compare damping and growth rates from plasma simulations with those predicted by Lee and Volk (1973), and also discuss the evolution of the ambient ion distribution. We then consider this nonlinear interaction in the presence of a spectrum of Alfven waves, and discuss the spectrum's influence on the growth or damping of a single wave. We also discuss the implications for wave dissipation and ion heating in the solar wind.

  19. Mount Sinai and Mount Zion: Discontinuity and continuity in the book of Hebrews

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    Hulisani Ramantswana

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The author of Hebrews draws significant contrasts between Mount Sinai and Mount Zion which both played a major role in the old covenant. For the author of Hebrews the former mountain, Mount Sinai, only had limited significance with respect to the new covenant, whereas the latter mountain, Mount Zion, continued to have significance in the new covenant. Mount Zion was viewed as a shadow of the heavenly reality, which is the true destination for the pilgrimage community. Mount Sinai as the locus of encounter or meeting between God and Israel only played a transitory role, whereas Mount Zion had perpetual significance as the destination, the dwelling place of God and his people.Berg Sinai en Berg Sion: Diskontinuïteit en kontinuïteit in die brief aan die Hebreërs. Die skrywer van Hebreërs wys op betekenisvolle teenstellings tussen Berg Sinai en Berg Sion, wat elkeen ’n beduidende rol in die ou verbond gespeel het. Vir die Hebreërskrywer het Berg Sinai egter beperkte betekenis vir die nuwe verbond, terwyl Sion nog steeds betekenis het. Berg Sion word as skaduwee van die hemelse werklikheid beskou, wat die uiteindelike bestemming van die pelgrimsgemeenskap is. Berg Sinai, as die lokus van ontmoeting tussen God en Israel, speel slegs ‘n oorgangsrol, terwyl Berg Sion steeds beduidende betekenis het as bestemming en woonplek van God en sy volk.

  20. APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded on an annual basis by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. A qualified candidate must demonstrate exemplary performance in working with an underserved population in an applied setting or have developed an innovative method for delivering health services to an underserved population. The 2016 recipient of the APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology was selected by the 2015 Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the 2015 APAGS Scholarship and Awards Selection Committee. Members of the 2015 BPA were Patricia Arredondo, EdD; Helen L. Coons, PhD, ABPP; Vickie Mays, PhD, MSPH; Linda A. Reddy, PhD; Lois O. Condi, PhD; Antonette M. Zeiss, PhD; Timothy A. Cavell, PhD; Robert T. Kinscherff, PhD, JD; and Jared L. Skillings, PhD, ABPP. Members of the 2015 APAGS Scholarship and Awards Selection Committee were Emily Voelkel, PhD; Blaire Schembari; and Yolanda Perkins-Volk. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  1. Mechanisms for the export of archaeal lipids down the water column in the upwelling area off Cape Blanc, North-West Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebersbach, Friederike; Goldenstein, Nadine; Iversen, Morten; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe

    2016-04-01

    Transport mechanisms of microbial membrane lipids from surface waters to the seafloor are poorly understood. In particular, pelagic archaeal glycerol dibiphytanyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) from planktonic archaea are frequently used for reconstruction of ancient sea surface temperatures (Schouten et al. 2013). Because planktonic archaea are too small and neutrally buoyant to sink independently, transport vehicles for efficient export of fossil archaeal biomarkers to the sediment are required. The surface ocean is coupled with the deep ocean through biogenic sinking particles, a process known as the biological pump (Volk and Hoffert 1985). Two different pathways for particle formation, mainly taking place in the mesopelagic zone, are distinguished: Direct aggregation of phytoplankton blooms or grazing, resulting in phyto-detrital aggregates or reprocessed faecal material, respectively. Grazing and packaging into sinking particles is a possible export mechanism for GDGTs (Huguet et al. 2006). Moreover, it is assumed that phyto-detrital aggregates also play an important role in transporting GDGTs to the deep (Mollenhauer et al. 2015), but processes behind this pathway remain unclear. However, there are only few studies that link GDGT signals in sinking particles to the composition of the exported particulate matter (e.g. Yamamoto et al., 2012; Mollenhauer et al. 2015). Here we investigate sinking particles and suspended particulate matter (SPM) from spring blooms in 2012 and 2013 in the upwelling region in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Blanc, Mauritania. We compare for the first time material from free-floating sediment traps (100, 200 and 400 m; purely sinking particles) with sinking particles and SPM from size fractionated in-situ pump (ISP) filters (several depths between 40 and 2350 m). This setup allows to relate the signal from archaeal lipids to (i) the flux of particulate organic carbon and the particle assemblages as revealed by the characterisation of

  2. Correlação clínica entre estrutura e função no glaucoma: classificação estrutural de Armaly e o sistema de estadiamento funcional de Brusini Clinical correlation between structural and functional assessment in glaucoma: Armaly cup to disk ratio and Brusini glaucoma staging system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Chaves de Oliveira

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a correlação entre a análise estrutural de Armaly e o estadiamento funcional de Brusini em pacientes glaucomatosos. MÉTODOS: Setenta e oito olhos de 42 pacientes com glaucoma de ângulo aberto realizaram exame de campo visual com o campímetro Humphrey Field Analyzer II (programa SITA 24-2 e avaliação do disco óptico com lente Volk 78D por dois examinadores independentes. O disco óptico foi classificado de acordo com a relação escavação/disco (C/D, de 0,1 a 1,0. Os valores do "Mean Deviation" (MD e "Pattern Standard Deviation" (PSD de cada olho foram inseridos na avaliação de estadiamento de Brusini, para estabelecer um valor de gravidade do glaucoma. A relação escavação/disco e os valores de Brusini foram colocados em diagrama para serem correlacionados (coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, rho. Os valores de Armaly foram transformados em escala logarítmica e os dados foram inseridos em um diagrama com os valores de Brusini para cada paciente. RESULTADOS: As análises de Armaly e Brusini apresentaram baixa correlação (rho=0,340. A correlação, não-logarítmica e logarítmica, entre Armaly e Brusini mostrou-se linear e baixa. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar da baixa correlação, a avaliação estrutural de Armaly e a análise funcional do estadiamento de Brusini proporcionaram medidas não independentes do glaucoma.PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between Armaly's structural systems with Brusini's functional staging in glaucomatous patients. METHODS: Seventy-eight eyes of forty-two patients with primary open-angle glaucoma underwent visual field testing with the Humphrey Field Analyzer II (program SITA 24-2 and optic disc evaluation with the 78D Volk lens by two independent observers. Optic disc was stratified according to cup/disc ratio (C/D, from 0.1 to 1.0. Mean deviation (MD and pattern standard deviation (PSD values from each eye were plotted on Brusini's staging system to derive a value for glaucoma

  3. Centaur size distribution with DECam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes, Cesar; Trilling, David E.; Schlichting, Hilke

    2014-11-01

    We present the results of the 2014 centaur search campaign on the Dark Energy Camera (DECam) in Tololo, Chile. This is the largest debiased Centaur survey to date, measuring for the first time the size distribution of small Centaurs (1-10km) and the first time the sizes of planetesimals from which the entire Solar System formed are directly detected.The theoretical model for the coagulation and collisional evolution of the outer solar system proposed in Schlichting et al. 2013 predicts a steep rise in the size distribution of TNOs smaller than 10km. These objects are below the detection limit of current TNO surveys but feasible for the Centaur population. By constraining the number of Centaurs and this feature in their size distribution we can confirm the collisional evolution of the Solar System and estimate the rate at which material is being transferred from the outer to the inner Solar System. If the shallow power law behavior from the TNO size distribution at ~40km can be extrapolated to 1km, the size of the Jupiter Family of Comets (JFC), there would not be enough small TNOs to supply the JFC population (Volk & Malhotra, 2008), debunking the link between TNOs and JFCs.We also obtain the colors of small Centaurs and TNOs, providing a signature of collisional evolution by measuring if there is in fact a relationship between color and size. If objects smaller than the break in the TNO size distribution are being ground down by collisions then their surfaces should be fresh, and then appear bluer in the optical than larger TNOs that are not experiencing collisions.

  4. Movimentos sociais e a construção do político: Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flickinger, Hans Georg

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto busca no pensamento de Carl Schmitt – intelectual alemão envolvido na ideologia nacional-socialista e relativamente pouco conhecido no contexto brasileiro – a crítica feita à democracia liberal-burguesa e ao sistema parlamentar-representativo, para dele extrair uma contribuição ao atual debate sobre movimentos sociais. A proposta do autor é que os movimentos sociais, ao assumirem o confronto permanente entre as temáticas legalmente confirmadas e as demandas utópicas, podem reinvindicar a voz daqueles que atualmente vêm sendo ignorados pela política cotidiana institucionalizada e recuperar o verdadeiro espaço do Político. A argumentação inicia com algumas colocações acerca do contexto histórico que originou a preocupação teórica de Carl Schmitt. Numa segunda parte, são apresentados os aspectos centrais de um texto do mesmo autor publicado em 1933 sob o título Staat, Bewegung, Volk (Estado, movimento, povo, a partir do qual são articuladas questões sistemáticas ligadas aos movimentos sociais enquanto indicadores de falhas da democracia liberal. Por fim, é reconstruído o fio condutor da argumentação desenvolvida por Schmitt, para extrair dela as observações mais importantes que contribuem para esclarecer melhor o marco conceitual- sistemático dos atuais debates sobre os movimentos sociais

  5. Comparison of normotensive and glaucoma simplex patients according to age and sex

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    Stojčić Milan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. According to the level of intraocular pressure (IOP, open angle glaucoma is divided into high tension glaucoma (HTG and normal tension glaucoma (NTG. Objective. To determine if there are differences in the distribution of patients by age and sex between NTG and HTG. Methods. Our prospective study included 30 patients with NTG and 30 with HTG. A complete eye examination was performed. The examination included measuring of intraocular pressure by Goldmann applanation tonometry, examination of optic disc head by indirect ophthalmoscopy with Volk 90 D lens and visual field examination using the Octopus program. Results. The average damage of visual field in the group of patients with NTG was 8.14±4.43 dB, while in the group with HTG it was 7.40±2.84 dB (p>0.05. The average age of the group of patients with NTG was 66±11.58 years, while among those with HTG the average age was 59.7±11.63 years (p<0.01. Among the patients with NTG there were three times more women than men (χ2=9.124; p<0.01, while in the group of patients with HTG there were more men than women, but without statistically significant difference between the tested groups (χ2=1.851; p>0.05. Conclusion. Open angle glaucoma is a disease of elderly population. According to our results, risk factors for this disease can be age and sex. NTG is more frequently present than HTG among elderly population and females.

  6. Italiens Geschichte der Judenverfolgung – neu geschrieben Italy’s History of Jewish Persecution—Written Anew

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    Marianne Brentzel

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available War auch Italien ein Land des Antisemitismus und der Judenverfolgung? Der in der Forschung liebgewordene Unterschied zwischen den beiden faschistischen Systemen im Europa des 20. Jahrhunderts wird in der vorliegenden Aufsatzsammlung mit präzisen Forschungsergebnissen hinweggefegt. Es geht den Autor/-innen nicht um Gleichsetzung von Nationalsozialismus und Faschismus. Doch das von Renzo De Felice entworfene, verharmlosende Bild eines den Juden freundlich und solidarisch gesonnenen Volkes und einer lax agierenden Bürokratie ist bei näherer Prüfung unhaltbar geworden. Die Forscher/-innen haben dabei nicht nur die Jahre der Judengesetzgebung in Italien ab 1938 im Blick, sondern gehen den Befunden vom Mittelalter mit der unseligen Tradition des katholischen Antijudaismus bis in das heutige Italien nach, verfeinern ihr Urteil insbesondere mit Blick auf die Lage der Jüdinnen und stellen einige bedeutende Repräsentantinnen sowie die weibliche Erfahrungsliteratur aus den Lagern vor.Was Italy also a country of anti-Semitism and Jewish persecution? The precise research results of this essay volume sweep away the difference between the two fascist systems in Europe of the 20th century, a theme that research has come to adore. The authors do not seek to equate National Socialism and fascism. And yet the non-threatening image of a people who are Jewish friendly and who stand in solidarity against a lax bureaucracy, an image perpetuated by Renzo De Felice, can no longer stand the test. The researchers not only focus on the years of Jewish legislations in Italy after 1938 but also examine findings on the unholy tradition of Catholic anti-Judaism in the Middle Ages to contemporary Italy. They sharpen their thesis through their specific examination of the situation of female Jews. They introduce select important female representatives and present literary experiences from the camps.

  7. Self-efficacy in Environmental Education: Experiences of elementary education preservice teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Cynthia Crompton

    Despite research showing Environmental Education can provide positive student outcomes in academic achievement, critical thinking, motivation and engagement (Ernst, 2007; Lieberman & Hoody, 1998; Orr, 1992; Palmer, 1998; Powers, 2004; Volk & Cheak, 2003), Environmental Education is currently not a critical element in American public school K-12 education. The present study investigates self-efficacy in Environmental Education through a mixed methods research approach. The data reveal the participants' perspectives of their sense of self-efficacy in Environmental Education. It adds to the body of work on Environmental Education and self-efficacy by specifically investigating the topics through interviews with preservice teachers. Purposeful sampling is used to identify preservice elementary education teachers in their senior year of college with a high measure of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is measured using the Environmental Education Efficacy Belief Instrument (Sia, 1992). Forty-six preservice teachers completed the instrument. Six preservice teachers were interviewed to determine experiences that impact their self-efficacy in Environmental Education. Continual comparison and cross-case analysis are used to analyze the data. The results reveal a relationship between personal experiences with nature as a young child and current beliefs toward their personal efficacy and teaching outcome efficacy in Environmental Education. Similar to the findings of Sia (1992), the researcher discovered that preservice teachers realize that they lack sufficient knowledge and skill in Environmental Education but believe that effective teaching can increase students understanding of Environmental Education. While the preservice teachers do not believe they will teach Environmental Education as well as other subjects, they will continually seek out better ways to teach Environmental Education. Interviews with participants who had a high self-efficacy revealed the importance of

  8. “Patriotism” as a Goal of School Education in China and Japan

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    Takahiro Kondo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the eyes of much of the Japanese public, “patriotism education” in China is synonymous with anti-Japanese education, and a source of friction. Much of that friction, however, can be attributed to the differing roles and functions of “patriotism” in the two countries as well as the variant connotations of the very word for “patriotism”. In China, the communist party avails itself of the strong levels of patriotism among the people in order to advance modernization of the country. Patriotism education is not designed to serve as anti-Japanese education. In Japan, however, given the country’s past role as an aggressor nation, that word has had consistently negative connotations. Debates over its own patriotism have continued and there are accordingly inexorable apprehensions over patriotism education in China. To address the recurrent frictions between these two countries, both must overcome their ignorance about the differences that Chinese and Japanese societies manifest.Unter der „patriotischen Erziehung“ in China versteht man in Japan generell eine anti-japanische Erziehung. Der bilaterale Streit um diese chinesische Bildungspolitik liegt aber in der unterschiedlichen Stellung begründet, welche der Begriff „Patriotismus“ in der Gesellschaft der beiden Nationen einnimmt. In der Annahme, dass es einen ausgeprägten Patriotismus im Volk gibt, hat sich die Kommunistische Partei die patriotische Erziehung zunutze gemacht, um den Staat zu modernisieren. Die anti-japanische Erziehung war dabei zumindest nicht beabsichtigt. Andererseits bekam der Patriotismus in Japan, durch die eigene Erfahrung des Invasionskriegs, eine negative Konnotation. Dort ist die Debatte um den heimischen Patriotismus noch nicht abgeschlossen, und auch die chinesische Bildungspolitik wird sehr kritisch angesehen. Um die wiederholten Konflikte zwischen den beiden Ländern zu lösen, muss man bei der Überwindung des gegenseitigen Unwissens und der

  9. Habitability for Complex Life and the Development and Self-Limitations of the Biotic Enhancement of Weathering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartzman, D. W.; Volk, T.

    2014-12-01

    We submit that the tightly coupled coevolution of biota and climate is a critical driver of the self-organization of the biosphere over geologic time. The long-term carbon biogeochemical cycle includes a major influence of biology relevant to climatic, namely the biotic enhancement of weathering (BEW). According to a meta-analysis of field and experimental evidence, the likely magnitude of the present BEW is roughly two orders of magnitude, the culmination of its progressive increase over geologic time. Within the context of modeling this long-term cycle, this value can be used to estimate the likely abiotic temperature history of the Earth's surface, assuming plausible initial temperatures, and histories of volcanic outgassing and continental crust growth. The result of this modeling is that the Earth would have been habitable for thermophilic life (growing above 50 deg C) for the past 4.4 billion years, but not for low-temperature life, including plants and animals. Hence biospheric cooling due to biotic actions allowed the emergence of complex life. Much larger increases in BEW are self-limiting, since the atmospheric CO2 level would plunge below the lower limit potentially for photosynthesis, thereby driving a decline in the biological productivity and global BEW, related to reduced plant and soil activities, with the system being kept at this threshold or going back to higher CO2 levels, with scenarios dependent on volcanic outgassing and solar inputs. We will present astrobiological implications of this modeling. References: Schwartzman D (1999, 2002) Life, Temperature, and the Earth: The Self Organizing Biosphere. Columbia Univ. Press; Schwartzman, D. (2013) Keynote: The Geobiology of Weathering: The 13th Hypothesis. Goldschmidt Conference. (Schwartzman D. and Brantley S. (2013) Mineral. Mag. 77(5): 2170); Volk T (1998) Gaia's Body: Toward a Physiology of Earth. Copernicus.

  10. Promoting knowledge of statins in patients with low health literacy using an audio booklet

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    Gossey JT

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available J Travis Gossey1, Simon N Whitney2, Michael A Crouch3, Maria L Jibaja-Weiss2, Hong Zhang4, Robert J Volk41Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; 3Memorial Family Medicine Residency Program, Sugar Land, TX, USA; 4Department of General Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Houston Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Houston, TX, USABackground: Statins are generally well tolerated and effective at reducing a patient’s risk of both primary and secondary cardiovascular events. Many patients who would benefit from statin therapy either do not adhere to or stop taking their statin medication within the first year. We developed an audio booklet targeted to low health literacy patients to teach them about the benefits and risks of statins to help the patients adhere to their statin therapy.Methods: Through focus groups and an iterative design, an audio booklet was developed for both English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients. We then compared the booklet with standard of care in 132 patients from our target patient population to measure its impact on knowledge and understanding of statins.Results: The patients enjoyed the audio booklet and showed significant increases in knowledge after listening to it when compared with those who received the standard of care materials.Conclusion: The audio booklet shows promise as a tool that can be used effectively in clinical practice to teach patients about statin therapy.Keywords: patient adherence, patient education, medical decision-making, hypercholesterolemia

  11. Book Reviews

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    K.G. Tregonning

    1969-10-01

    Full Text Available - J. Th. Ros-Schrijvers, G.C. Mandersloot, Pakistan. Serie Land-Volk-Cultuur, Het Wereldvenster, Baarn 1968, 219 p., fotomateriaal. - J. Th. Ros-Schrijvers, Cora Vreede-De Stuers, Parda, a study of Muslim women’s life in Northern India. Van Gorcum & Comp. n.v., Assen 1968, 128 pp., fotomateriaal. - Obayashi Taryo, C. Ouwehand, Namazu-e and their themes. An interpretative approach to some aspects of Japanese folk religion. XVI, 271 pp., 10 text figures, 21 plates, 2 maps. E.J. Brill, Leiden 1964. - C. Ouwehand, Chie Nakane, Kinship and economic organization in rural Japan. London School of Economics Monographs on social anthropology No. 32. London 1967, 203 + IX pp. - O.D. van den Muijzenberg, Grant K. Goodman, Four aspects of Philippine-Japanese Relations, 1930-1940. Monograph Series no. 9, Southeast Asia Studies, Yale University, 1967. X + 237 pp. - J.M. Pluvier, John Bastin, A history of modern Southeast Asia; Colonialism, nationalism, and decolonization. Englewood Cliffs (N.J., Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968, viii + 214 blz., bibliografie, index., Harry J. Benda (eds. - K.G. Tregonning, Journal of Southeast Asian History. Vol. x, No. 1, March 1969. “Singapore Commemorative Issue, 1819-1969. 150th Anniversary.” 191 p. - J.C. Anceaux, Rufus S. Hendon, The phonology and morphology of Ulu Muar Malay (Kuala Pilah District, Negri Sembilan, Malaya. Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven 1966. (Yale University Publications in Anthropology, 70. 176 p. - Stephan A. Gasser, D. Drost, Töpferei in Afrika. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1967. 289 S., 58 fig., 18 Karten, English summary.

  12. Issue-centered Earth Science undergraduate instruction in U.S. colleges and universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liddicoat, J. C.

    2011-12-01

    Semester-long introductory courses in Earth Science at U.S. colleges and universities often contain astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and geology taught as single entities. My experience teaching Earth Science that way and using a trade Earth Science textbook results in cursory knowledge and poor retention of each topic area. This seems to be especially true for liberal arts students who take Earth Science to satisfy a distribution requirement in the sciences. Instead, my method of teaching Earth Science at the State University of New York is to use two books that together explore consequences of global warming caused by the combustion of fossil fuels by humans. In this way, students who do not intend to major in science are given in-depth information about how and why this challenge to the well-being of life on Earth in the present century and beyond must be addressed in a thoughtful way. The books, Tyler Volk's CO2 Rising - The World's Greatest Environmental Challenge and James Edinger's Watching for the Wind, are inexpensive paperbacks that the students read in their entirety. Besides supplemental information I provide in the lectures, students have weekly examinations that are narrative in form, and there are written assignments for exhibits at science and other museums in NYC that complement some of the topics. The benefit of teaching Earth Science in this non-traditional way is that students seem more interested in the subject because it is relevant to everyday experience and news accounts about a serious global science problem for which an informed public must take a positive role to solve.

  13. Crops Models for Varying Environmental Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Harry; Cavazzoni, James; Keas, Paul

    2001-01-01

    New variable environment Modified Energy Cascade (MEC) crop models were developed for all the Advanced Life Support (ALS) candidate crops and implemented in SIMULINK. The MEC models are based on the Volk, Bugbee, and Wheeler Energy Cascade (EC) model and are derived from more recent Top-Level Energy Cascade (TLEC) models. The MEC models simulate crop plant responses to day-to-day changes in photosynthetic photon flux, photoperiod, carbon dioxide level, temperature, and relative humidity. The original EC model allows changes in light energy but uses a less accurate linear approximation. The simulation outputs of the new MEC models for constant nominal environmental conditions are very similar to those of earlier EC models that use parameters produced by the TLEC models. There are a few differences. The new MEC models allow setting the time for seed emergence, have realistic exponential canopy growth, and have corrected harvest dates for potato and tomato. The new MEC models indicate that the maximum edible biomass per meter squared per day is produced at the maximum allowed carbon dioxide level, the nominal temperatures, and the maximum light input. Reducing the carbon dioxide level from the maximum to the minimum allowed in the model reduces crop production significantly. Increasing temperature decreases production more than it decreases the time to harvest, so productivity in edible biomass per meter squared per day is greater at nominal than maximum temperatures, The productivity in edible biomass per meter squared per day is greatest at the maximum light energy input allowed in the model, but the edible biomass produced per light energy input unit is lower than at nominal light levels. Reducing light levels increases light and power use efficiency. The MEC models suggest we can adjust the light energy day-to- day to accommodate power shortages or Lise excess power while monitoring and controlling edible biomass production.

  14. Kafka e Josefina, ou: a solidão da singularidade

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    Ricardo Timm de Souza

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO texto tem como objetivo avançar na direção deuma interpretação mais ampla da última grande obra de Kafka,“Josefina a cantora, ou O povo dos camundongos”, nosentido de compreender a posição de Josefina na narrativanão apenas como prototípica em relação ao artista ou escritorna solidão do exercício de seu métier, mas, muito mais, comouma lógica da narratividade da solitária singularidade do intelectualcomo tal.Palavras-chave: Kafka, Josefina, solidão, singularidade, intelectual. AbstractThe text aims to advance in the direction of an enlargedinterpretation of the last great Kafka’s work, “Josephinedie Sängerin, oder das Volk der Mäuse”, as a means of understandingJosephine’s position in the narrative not only asis generally accepted, as prototypical of the artist or writer inTerceira Margem (online – ano xvii n. 28 /jul.-dez. 2013 138A solidão da singularidade, r. t. souza | p. 137-193the execution of their métier, but also, and more importantly,as a logic of narration regarding the intellectual’s lonely singularityas such.Keywords: Kafka, Josephine, loneliness, singularity, intellectual.Ricardo Timm de Souza (Farroupilha (RS, 1962 é Professor Titular da FFCH/PUCRS, doutor em Filosofia pela Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (1994, atuante nos Programas de Pós-graduação em Filosofia, Letras e Ciências criminais da PUCRS. Autor de 22 livros e 12 coletâneas organizadas.www.timmsouza.blogspot.com.br.

  15. Kirjalikud teated eesti libahundipärimuse kohta kuni 20. sajandini alguseni / Schriftliche Überlieferungen zum Werwolfsglauben in Estland bis Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts

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    Tiina Vähi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Geisteshaltung bei der Beschreibung des Werwolfglaubens ist seit Herodot (484-425 vor Chr. durch das Mittelalter bis zur Frühen Neuzeit relativ unverändert geblieben. Ein Merkmal der Kolonialliteratur ist der Ethnozentrismus bei der Darstellung von in der Peripherie lebenden Heiden bis hin zu deren Dämonisierung. Sebastian Münster (1489-1552 schrieb im fünften Band seines Werkes Cosmographey. Oder Beschreibung Aller Länder. (1544, dass es in Livland zahlreiche Hexen und Werwölfe gebe und Olaus Magnus schrieb in seinem Buch Historia de Gentibus Septentrionalibus (1555, dass Werwölfe in Livland mehr Schaden anrichteten als gewöhnliche Wölfe. Ein schreckenerregendes Bild von Übeltaten von Wölfen oder von in Werwölfe verwandelten Räubern malt der Jesuit Antonio Possevino (1533-1611, Gesandter des Papstes, in seinem Brief an die Herzogin von Mantua (verfasst in Tartu am 9. August 1585. Gegen Ende des Mittelalters erhielt die Tierwandlung, besonders die Verwandlung in einen Wolf, eine äußerst negative Bedeutung, sie wurde mit Lykanthropie in Verbindung gebracht. In einem Abschnitt von Balthasar Russows Chronica der Provintz Lyfflandt (1584, der die mehrwöchige Belagerung der Burg Toolse durch die Schweden 1574 während des Livländischen Krieges beschreibt, heißt es, dass die russischen Verteidiger den Belagerern jeden Abend als heulende Wolfsherde erschienen und die Angreifer so einschüchterten.Auch die aufgeklärten Gelehrten des 18. und beginnenden 19. Jahrhunderts kamen nicht gänzlich von den Konzepten der Vergangenheit los, ein „Werwolf“ drückte den Unglauben des Volkes aus, der von der Ungebildetheit des Volkes herrührte. August Wilhelm Hupel (1737-1819, der in der estnischen Kulturgeschichte als Sammler von Daten zur Geographie, Ethnographie und Bevölkerung Liv- und Estlands geschätzt wird, behandelte im sechsten Teil seines Werkes Nordische Miscellen (1781-1791 den Werwolfglauben, wobei er sich auf frühere von

  16. Vaterschaft nach der Scheidung – Die Perspektive der Väter Fatherhood After Divorce—The Fathers’ Perspective

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    Michael Matzner

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Während man in Deutschland die Situation von allein erziehenden Müttern gut erforscht hat, wandte man sich den von ihren Kindern getrennt lebenden Vätern nur äußerst selten zu. Dies ist mehr als erstaunlich, wenn man sich die in die Millionen gehende Zahl betroffener Väter und Kinder vor Augen führt. Allein im Jahr 2000 wurden 95.000 Ehepaare mit minderjährigen Kindern (146.000 geschieden. Bei Gerhard Amendts empirischer Studie handelt es sich um die erste deutschsprachige, als Buch erschienene wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichung zum Thema „Scheidungsväter“. Amendt beantwortet aus der Perspektive der Väter folgende Fragen: Wie sprechen Väter über ihre Scheidung und wie gehen sie mit den Scheidungsfolgen um? Wie verbringen sie die Zeit mit ihren Kindern? Warum brechen manche von ihnen den Kontakt zu den Kindern ab? Der neue Zugang zum Thema Scheidung bzw. Trennung über die Person des Vaters war längst überfällig und bringt neue Perspektiven und Erkenntnisse in die wissenschaftliche Debatte.While the situation of single mothers has been duly researched in Germany, very rarely has attention been given to fathers who live separated from their children. This is truly remarkable when one surveys the number, rising into the millions, of fathers and children affected. In the year 2000 alone, 95,000 married couples with dependant children (146,000 divorced. Gerhard Amendt’s empirical study can be seen as the first German-language, book length, scientific publication on “divorced fathers.” Arendt answers the following questions from the perspective of the fathers: How do fathers talk about divorce and how do they deal with the consequences of divorce? How do they spend time with their children? Why do some of them cut off contact to their children? This new access to the issues of divorce or separation with regard to the father was long overdue and brings new perspectives and realizations to the scientific debate.

  17. My Way to Intercultural Philosophy

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    Heink Kimmerle

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El recorrido de mi pensamiento filosófico me guió, desde la hermenéutica, a través de la dialéctica y las filosofías de la diferencia, hasta la filosofía intercultural con especial atención en la filosofía africana. Estudié hermenéutica con los teólogos Gerhard Ebeling y Erns Fuchs en Tübingen, con Philipp Vielhauer en Bonn y con el filósofo Hans-Georg Gadameren Heidelberg durante los años 50. A través de la lectura de Hegel y Marx llegué a aceptar la posición de la dialéctica materialista. Mi autor preferido era Ernst Bloch, quien combina su dialéctica materialista con una interpretación crítica de la religión, especialmente la judeo-cristiana. La deconstrucción de Jacques Derrida de la dialéctica hegeliana me condujo a las filosofías de la diferencia. El concepto del Otro en estas filosofías me llevó a contribuir en el surgimiento y desarrollo de la filosofía intercultural.My way of philosophical thought led me from hermeneutics, via dialectics and philosophies of difference to intercultural philosophy with special attention for African philosophy. I studied hermeneutics with the theologians Gerhard Ebeling and Ernst Fuchs at Tübingen, Philipp Vielhauer at Bonn and the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer at Heidelberg in the 1950ies. Reading Hegel and Marx I came to accept the position of materialist dialectics. My favorite author was Ernst Bloch who combines his position of materialist dialectics with a critical interpretation of religion, especially Jewish-Christian religion. Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction of Hegelian dialectics brought me to the philosophies of difference. The concept of the Other in these philosophies formed the entrance to contribute to the foundation and the development of intercultural philosophy.

  18. The Wondrous Universe Creation without Creator?

    CERN Document Server

    Börner, Gerhard

    2011-01-01

    The world as it is viewed from modern physics and cosmology has many strange and unexpected features. Often these are in stark contrast with our everyday experience or our preconceptions, such as the concept of space and time as finite and changeable. Nevertheless it is this strange world which is the fundamental basis of our existence. Therefore modern science also has a few things to say about the age-old questions: Who are we? – Where do we come from? – Where are we going? The author, an experienced scientist and teacher, presents the knowledge that we have about our world for non-experts. He takes us on a journey through cosmology and the quantum world of elementary particles. And he sketches the impact of the insights gained into philosophical assumptions and religious beliefs in these disciplines. In the end he asks the speculative question whether there is something beyond the limits of the natural sciences. Gerhard Börner is a Professor of Physics at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich a...

  19. The prominent absence of Alfred Russel Wallace at the Darwin anniversaries in Germany in 1909, 1959 and 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Olsson, Lennart

    2013-12-01

    It is well known that the contribution of Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the "Darwinian" principle of natural selection has often been neglected. Here we focus on how the three anniversaries to celebrate the origin of the Darwin-Wallace theory in Germany in 1909, in 1959 in the divided country, as well as in 2009, have represented Charles Robert Darwin's and Alfred Russell Wallace's contributions. We have analyzed books and proceedings volumes related to these anniversaries, and the main result is that Wallace was almost always ignored, or only mentioned in passing. In 1909, Ernst Haeckel gave a talk in Jena, later published under the title The worldview of Darwin and Lamarck (Das Weltbild von Darwin und Lamarck), but not as the Darwin-Wallace concept. Haeckel mentions Wallace only once. In two important proceedings volumes from the 1959 anniversaries, Wallace was ignored. The only fair treatment of Wallace is given in another book, a collection of documents edited by Gerhard Heberer, for which the author selected nine key documents and reprinted excerpts (1959). Three of them were articles by Wallace, including the Sarawak- and Ternate-papers of 1855 and 1858, respectively. An analysis of the dominant themes during the celebrations of 2009 shows that none of the six topics had much to do with Wallace and his work. Thus, the tendency to exclude Alfred Russell Wallace is an international phenomenon, and largely attributable to the "Darwin industry".

  20. Images of the Second World War in Austrian Literature after 1945

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    Karl Müller

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The author examines selected examples of post-1945 Austrian literature, asking what pictures of the Second World War they imparted and what role they played when, certainly from 1948 on, a certain image of history began to take shape in Austria against the background of the Cold War. This image involved a fade-out in particular of the racist nature of the war, and it had a collectively exonerating and distorting impact. Attention is paid to the stories and novels of former participants in the war and National Socialists, such as, for example, Erich Landgrebe, Erich Kern, Hans Gustl Kernmayr, Kurt Ziesel. A contrast is seen in the anti-war novel, Letzte Ausfahrt (Last Exit (1952 by the former soldier Herbert Zand, who turns against the dominant image of history, as well as in Ingeborg Bachmann's use of war memories as a topic. The texts are read as a reservoir of selective memory: on the one hand they are critical, individual counter-memories and on the other hand, they make a positive contribution to the formation of the aforesaid collective image. One may say that a war of perception was fought around the Second World War; it was undoubtedly won in the immediate post-war years by those literary works that legitimized or at least trivialized the war. The critical voices of Herbert Zand, Gerhard Fritsch, and Ingeborg Bachmann were unfortunately the quieter ones and were not particularly successful in their time.

  1. Borgerligt Regimente

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    ”kommunalismen” - byer og landsbyers demokratiske selvstyre med dets ideal om ”det fælles bedste”. Mens de fleste danske historikere forbinder ”god politi” med enevælden, fokuserer denne afhandling på det kommunale aspekt. Mere specifikt undersøges om oprettelsen af en enevældig politimyndighed i 1682 ændrede......Det tidligmoderne begreb ”god politi” var betegnelsen for en velfærdsfremmende lovgivning og dens administration. Denne ph.d.-afhandling er et dansk bidrag til en tysk forskningsdiskussion om denne lovgivnings funktion og virkning. Ifølge teorien om ”socialdisciplinering”, der blev fremsat af den...... tyske historiker Gerhard Oestreich i 1968, var formålet med politiforordningerne at forøge den enevældige stats magt og virkningen af dem en fundamental forandring af det sociale liv. Derimod hævder den schweiziske historiker Peter Blickle, at ”god politi” var et krav fra undersåtterne og havde rødder i...

  2. Patient considerations in the management of mental stress in psoriasis

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    Schmid-Ott G

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Gerhard Schmid-Ott,1,2 Dana Böhm,1,3 Scott Stock Gissendanner1,21Hospital Management and Stress Medicine, IREHA Institute for Innovative Rehabilitation, Loehne, Germany; 2Berolina Klinik, Loehne, Germany; 3Saale Reha-Klinikum, Bad Koesen, GermanyAbstract: Psoriasis is an incurable, inflammatory disease of the skin with a complex etiology. The disease has serious negative repercussions for patients' quality of life, but quality of life does not depend on physical symptoms alone. The impact of somatic symptoms on life quality is mitigated by various forms of mental stress. Through a discussion of the physical and mental burdens of psoriasis, the psychosocial determinants of life quality, common treatment options, and issues of adherence and resilience, this paper seeks to identify common sources of mental stress and appropriate strategies for stress management for psoriasis patients. The paper argues that a sustained and successful management of psoriasis depends on patients playing an active role in the prevention and reduction of their own personal sources of mental stress. Health-care professionals can and should assist patients in doing so.Keywords: psoriasis, shared decision-making, treatment, adherence, resilience

  3. Pharmacists Adolf Schall and Ernst Ratzlaff and the synthesis of tabun-like compounds: a brief history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petroianu, G A

    2014-10-01

    The history of the synthesis of organophosphate inhibitors of cholinesterase starting with the synthesis of tetraethyl-pyrophosphate by Moschnin(e) and de Clermont and leading to the recognition about half a century later of the toxicity of the phosphor ester by Lange and von Krueger has been told in great detail previously. An almost parallel history -described originally by Bo Holmstedt--exists for organophosphonate inhibitors of cholinesterase starting with the synthesis (1898) in Rostock of diethylamido-ethoxy-phosphoryl-cyanide by the pharmacist Adolph Schall (1870-1957), a graduate student of August Michaelis (1847-1916), the re-examination of the chemical structure of the Schall compound (1903) by Michaelis, recognition (1937) of the toxicity of class by Gerhard Schrader (1903-1990) and confirmation (1951) of the structure by Bo Holmstedt (1919-2002). This short report attempts to shed some light on the life of the pharmacists and chemists involved in the synthesis of the first P-CN organophosphonate inhibitor of cholinesterase, focusing on the two less known pharmacists, the graduate students of Professor Michaelis Adolph Schall and Ernst Ratzlaff (1870-1948).

  4. 21世纪的表面化学惠及人类日常生活——记2007年诺贝尔化学奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余海若

    2007-01-01

    一种全新研究思路——建立理想的单一材质模型,在21世纪初将表面化学推向高峰。德国科学家格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)因在“固体表面化学”过程的研究中作出的杰出贡献.单独荣获了2007年诺贝尔化学奖。瑞典皇家科学院赞扬道,“埃特尔的方法论既被用于学院里的研究.也被用于工业生产中的化学过程。”这位科学大师用他的睿智与勤勉,做出了一篇惠及人类的“表面文章”。

  5. Freedom in mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Cartier, Pierre; Heinzmann, Gerhard; Villani, Cédric

    2016-01-01

    This book challenges the views put forward by Pierre Cartier, one of the anchors of the famous Bourbaki group, and Cédric Villani, one of the most brilliant mathematicians of his generation, who received the Fields Medal in 2010. Jean Dhombres, mathematician and science historian, and Gerhard Heinzmann, philosopher of science and also a specialist in mathematics engage in a fruitful dialogue with the two mathematicians, prompting readers to reflect on mathematical activity and its social consequences in history as well as in the modern world. Cédric Villani’s popular success proves once again that a common awareness has developed, albeit in a very confused way, of the major role of mathematics in the construction and efficiency of natural sciences, which are at the origin of our technologies. Despite this, the idea that mathematics cannot be shared remains firmly entrenched, a perceived failing that has even been branded a lack of culture by vocal forces in the media as well as cultural and political esta...

  6. [The history of antibiotics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdankhah, Siamak; Lassen, Jørgen; Midtvedt, Tore; Solberg, Claus Ola

    2013-12-10

    The development of chemical compounds for the treatment of infectious diseases may be divided into three phases: a) the discovery in the 1600s in South America of alkaloid extracts from the bark of the cinchona tree and from the dried root of the ipecacuanha bush, which proved effective against, respectively, malaria (quinine) and amoebic dysentery (emetine); b) the development of synthetic drugs, which mostly took place in Germany, starting with Paul Ehrlich's (1854-1915) discovery of salvarsan (1909), and crowned with Gerhard Domagk's (1895-1964) discovery of the sulfonamides (1930s); and c) the discovery of antibiotics. The prime example of the latter is the development of penicillin in the late 1920s following a discovery by a solitary research scientist who never worked in a team and never as part of a research programme. It took another ten years or so before drug-quality penicillin was produced, with research now dependent on being conducted in large collaborative teams, frequently between universities and wealthy industrial companies. The search for new antibiotics began in earnest in the latter half of the 1940s and was mostly based on soil microorganisms. Many new antibiotics were discovered in this period, which may be termed «the golden age of antibiotics». Over the past three decades, the development of new antibiotics has largely stalled, while antibiotic resistance has increased. This situation may require new strategies for the treatment of infectious diseases.

  7. PREFACE: International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadleir, Rosalind; Woo, Eung Je

    2010-04-01

    logo The XIVth International Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance, held in conjunction with the 11th Conference on Biomedical Applications of EIT (ICEBI & EIT 2010), took place from 4-8 April 2010 in the Reitz Union of the University of Florida, in Gainesville, USA. This was the first time since its inception in 1969 that the ICEBI was held in the United States. As in the last three conferences (Graz 2007, Gdansk 2004 and Oslo 2001) the ICEBI was combined with the Conference on Biomedical Applications of EIT - a mutually beneficial approach for those interested in the biophysics of tissue electrical properties and those developing imaging methods and measurement systems based thereon. This year's conference was particularly notable for the many papers presented on hybrid and emerging imaging techniques such as Electric Property Tomography (EPT), Magneto Acoustic Tomography using Magnetic Induction (MAT-MI) and Magnetic Resonance Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT); sessions on Cell Scale Impedance, Cardiac Impedance and Imaging Neural Activity. About 180 scientists from all over the world attended, including keynote speakers on topics of fundamental electromagnetic principles (Jaakko Malmivuo), Electrical Source and Impedance Imaging (Bin He), Bioimpedance applications in Nephrology, (Nathan Levin), and Lung EIT (Gerhard Wolf). The papers in this volume are peer-reviewed four-page works selected from over 150 presented in oral and poster sessions at the conference. The complete program is available from the conference website.

  8. Scanning electron microscopy physics of image formation and microanalysis

    CERN Document Server

    Reimer, Ludwig

    1985-01-01

    The aim of this book is to outline the physics of image formation, electron­ specimen interactions, imaging modes, the interpretation of micrographs and the use of quantitative modes "in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). lt forms a counterpart to Transmission Electron Microscopy (Vol. 36 of this Springer Series in Optical Sciences) . The book evolved from lectures delivered at the University of Münster and from a German text entitled Raster-Elektronenmikroskopie (Springer-Verlag), published in collaboration with my colleague Gerhard Pfefferkorn. In the introductory chapter, the principles of the SEM and of electron­ specimen interactions are described, the most important imaging modes and their associated contrast are summarized, and general aspects of eiemental analysis by x-ray and Auger electron emission are discussed. The electron gun and electron optics are discussed in Chap. 2 in order to show how an electron probe of small diameter can be formed, how the elec­ tron beam can be blanked at high fre...

  9. 蛇形画廊的新空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zaha; Hadid; Architects; Ieigh; Luke; Hayes

    2013-01-01

    位于伦敦肯辛顿公园的蛇形画廊,面积虽不大,却是伦敦闻名遐迩的艺术地标。自从1970年建立以来,它在推动当代艺术的发展方面一直起着引领的角色。过去的43年,已经为1600名艺术家举办了个展,从艺术新秀到当今最受国际认可的艺术家和建筑师,比如路易斯·布儒瓦(LouiSe Bourgeois)、弗兰克·盖瑞(Frank Gehr)、达明恩·郝思特(Dam en Hirst)、杰夫·昆恩(Jeff Koons)、格哈特·里希特(Gerhard Richter)、小野洋子(Yoko Ono)、安迪·沃霍尔(Andy Warhol)、艾未未(Ai Weiwei)等。今年九月、伴随

  10. International conference centre, Geneva, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2009-01-01

    On 16-17 March 2009 the Energy Pact Foundation will be holding the Energy Pact Conference in Geneva. The Conference is organised with the support of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and has the Financial Times as its media partner. It will address for the first time in a comprehensive and integrated manner the key issues of energy needs and environmental and developmental challenges. Some 800 stakeholders and experts on these issues are expected. These will include high-level government officials, opinion leaders and representatives from the United Nations, NGOs, industry, civil society and the academic world. Gerhard Schröder, former Chancellor of Germany, will chair the Conference. Speakers with different backgrounds and expertise will include Dr. Carlo Rubia, Nobel Prize Winner, Ali Al-Naimi, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources of Saudi Arabia, Gholam Hossein Nozari, Oil Minister of Iran, Gary Ross, CEO of PIRA Energy, a world-renowned energy market specialist, Ashok Khosla, President of the In...

  11. ‘The “Meidias” hydria: a visual and textual journey of a Greek vase in the history of art of antiquity (c. 1770s–1840s’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanouil Kalkanis

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines scholarly publications between the 1770s and 1840s of one of the most published Athenian red-figured vases, a hydria first known in the collection of Sir William Hamilton and since 1772 in the British Museum. It reviews critically several visual and textual interpretations of the vase by a range of scholars of various European nationalities. It offers a new interpretation of a well-known object and reveals the extent to which its iconography influenced the development of art-historical writing and vice versa. While d’Hancarville was a pioneer in his own peculiar way, others were all more or less influenced by him though having their own agendas, not really related to any intrinsic interest in the vase, or any vase, as an object. What the article establishes is that although every writer was the product of his time and culture, only one of them (Eduard Gerhard really advanced the study of the vase or Greek ceramics being more thorough and imaginative in analyzing the subject matter.

  12. Phaseout of nuclear energy in 2011. The 13th amendment to the Atomic Energy Law from the viewpoint of German constitutional law; Kernenergieausstieg 2011. Die 13. AtG-Novelle aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Fabio, Udo; Durner, Wolfgang; Wagner, Gerhard

    2013-07-01

    The present study analyses the framework provided by German constitutional law in regard to the nuclear energy phaseout in 2011, proceeding in three steps. The contribution by Udo di Fabio is dedicated to the question whether this decision, as well as the manner of its implementation, are in accord with the guarantee of ownership provided by Art. 14 of the German Basic Law (GG). Wolfgang Durner discusses implications of the principle of equality as set out in Art. 3 Section 1 GG in the field of nuclear law. The article by Gerhard Wagner departs from the premise that the restrictions on the use of nuclear power plants should not have been imposed without granting the operators due compensation. These findings are used a basis for determining the implications of fundamental rights for a compensation regime that is in accord with the German constitution. All three contributions originate from a legal expertise that was prepared by the three authors on behalf of the RWE stock company.

  13. Energy efficiency in the waste water system; Energieeffizienz im Abwasserbereich

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panckow, Kathrin; Wienke, Andreas (comps.)

    2008-08-15

    The volume 51 of the publication series of the Municipal Environmental Campaign U.A.N. (Hannover, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the energy efficiency in the waste water section. This volume consists of the following contributions: (a) How much energy is necessary for the sewage plant? (Artur Mennerich); (b) Possibilities of energy saving in the sewer system (Wolfgang Buehler); (c) Possibilities of energy saving at sewage plants: a Survey (Ulf Theilen); (d) Possibilities of energy saving at sewage plants: Examples from the practice (Wilfried Osterloh); (e) Review of the possibilities of power generation at sewage plants (K.-H. Rosenwinkel, Linda Hinken); (f) Potentials of production and utilization of fouling gas (Johannes Mueller); (g) Realisation of a 5 MW biological gas facility with waste heat utilization for sewage sludge drying (Marc Stueben); (h) The micro gas turbine: An alternative for the compact cogeneration plant (Christian Schaum); (i) PR report: Energy efficiency - (rational utilization of energy), energy concepts - (analysis of energy, strategic perspectives) (Martin Mergelmeyer, Gerhard Seibert-Erling).

  14. Butterfly valves and other valves under strong cavitation conditions; Drosselklappen und andere Absperrorgane bei starker Kavitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Logar, R. [TU Graz (Austria). Inst. fuer Hydraulische Stroemungsmaschinen

    2008-06-15

    This article was written to commemorate my doctoral thesis supervisor, Univ.Prof. Dr. Gerhard Ziegler, on whose ideas this work is based. Cavitation is a well-known phenomenon in waterpower and other hydraulic flow applications. In analogy to the behaviour of ''chocked flow'' in a venturi tube - the flow characteristic of valves under strong cavitation conditions is analytically expressed. This analytical law agrees very well with our experimental results. (orig.) [German] Bei der Modellmessung fuer eine grosse Drosselklappe ist die Frage aufgetaucht, wie sich die Durchfluss-, Momenten- und Kraftbeiwerte bei sehr starker Kavitation verhalten. Univ. Prof. Dr. G. Ziegler, damaliger Vorstand des Institutes fuer Hydraulische Stroemungsmaschinen an der Technischen Universitaet Graz, hatte die Idee zu einem analytischen Ansatz und legte in einem nicht veroeffentlichtem Bericht [24] seine Vorstellungen dar. Dieser Bericht entstand im Gedenken an meinen Doktorvater Prof. Ziegler. Kavitation ist ein bekanntes Phaenomen auf dem Gebiet der Wasserkraft und bei vielen anderen Anwendungen mit Fluessigkeitsstroemungen. In Analogie zum Verhalten der ''blockierten Stroemung'' eines Venturirohres wird das Durchflussverhalten von Drosselklappen analytisch beschrieben. Dieser analytische Ansatz stimmt mit unseren experimentellen Ergebnissen sehr gut ueberein. (orig.)

  15. Fractals and chaos

    CERN Document Server

    Earnshow, R; Jones, H

    1991-01-01

    This volume is based upon the presentations made at an international conference in London on the subject of 'Fractals and Chaos'. The objective of the conference was to bring together some of the leading practitioners and exponents in the overlapping fields of fractal geometry and chaos theory, with a view to exploring some of the relationships between the two domains. Based on this initial conference and subsequent exchanges between the editors and the authors, revised and updated papers were produced. These papers are contained in the present volume. We thank all those who contributed to this effort by way of planning and organisation, and also all those who helped in the production of this volume. In particular, we wish to express our appreciation to Gerhard Rossbach, Computer Science Editor, Craig Van Dyck, Production Director, and Nancy A. Rogers, who did the typesetting. A. J. Crilly R. A. Earnshaw H. Jones 1 March 1990 Introduction Fractals and Chaos The word 'fractal' was coined by Benoit Mandelbrot i...

  16. Constraints from microlensing on the COBE bar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, H. S.

    Since the first review of converging evidences for a bar in the center of the Galaxy by de Zeeuw (1992) at the IAU Sym. 153 in Gent five years ago, the Galactic bar idea has been put on a solid footing by an influx of new data (COBE/DIRBE maps, star count data of bulge red clump giants, microlensing optical depth, and bulge stellar proper motions, etc.) and a burst of increasingly sophisticated theoretical models (triaxial luminosity models of Dwek et al. 1994, and Binney, Gerhard & Spergel 1997, steady state stellar bar dynamical model of Zhao 1996, combined luminosity, microlensing and gas kinematics models of Zhao, Rich & Spergel 1996, and Bissantz et al. 1997, etc.), which fit new data and improve upon earlier simple bulge/bar models (Kent 1992, Binney et al. 1991, Blitz & Spergel 1991). While research in this field shifts more and more to constraining the exact phase space and parameter space of the bar, both the non-uniqueness of and the mismatches among bars from different datasets start to show up. I compare the bar from microlensing data with the COBE bar and point out the effects the non-uniqueness.

  17. Die filosofie kan die teologie help om weg te beweeg van �n onhistoriese, sinkroniese interpretasie van tekste na �n historiese, diakroniese interpretasie van tekste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter H.J. Labuschagne

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In the last few decades in South Africa, much emphasis has been placed on unhistorical, synchronistic interpretations of the text of the Old Testament. Very little effort has been made to look into the long historical development of the text from the sources to the present form. Sometimes the advocates of these synchronistic approaches even responded with hostility towards any approach that would, in their words, deny the authority of the text. Their search was for absolute truth, which they believed could be secured by their methods. The uncertainties of historical research were not attractive to them. In this article, we briefly look at Gerhard Von Rad�s Traditionsgeschichte [History of Traditions] and Hans-Georg Gadamer�s Wirkungsgeschichte [Reception History] and point out that mankind is rooted in history. We thus come to understanding through a process that is tied to our historical horisons. Furthermore, it will become clear that theology and philosophy can help one another in defining the process of understanding.

  18. 克格尔和他的国际私法"利益论"%Kegel and his Jurisprudence of Interests in International Private Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹国勇

    2004-01-01

    @@ 20世纪50到70年代,美国国际私法学者掀起了一场"冲突法革命",对传统的国际私法理论和方法进行了猛烈抨击,并各自提出了独树一帜的学说,主要有凯弗斯(Cavers)的"优先选择原则"、柯里(Brainerd Currie)的"政府利益分析说"、埃伦茨威格(Albert A.Ehrenzweig)的"法院地法优先说"、里斯(W.L.M.Reese)的"最密切联系说"等.同时法国的巴迪福尔(Henri Batiffol)和德国的克格尔(Gerhard Kegel)等欧洲学者也提出了一些颇有影响的国际私法理论.本文拟对克格尔的国际私法"利益论"做一初步探讨,以抛砖引玉.

  19. Zur Geschichte der Geowissenschaften im Museum für Naturkunde zu Berlin: Teil 2: Von der Gründung der Berliner Bergakademie bis zur Gründung der Universität 1770–1810

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Hoppe

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Berliner Bergakademie und die mit ihr verbundene Sammlung des preußischen Berg- und Hütten-Departements, das Königliche Mineralienkabinett, sind die unmittelbaren institutionellen Vorläufer der geowissenschaftlichen Institute und Sammlungen, die sich heute im Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität befinden. In der Zeit ihres Bestehens erlebten diese Einrichtungen eine beachtliche Entwicklung. Am Königlichen Mineralienkabinett waren als Leiter und Lehrer der Mineralogie und Bergbaukunde nacheinander drei Bergbeamten tätig, Carl Abraham Gerhard als ihr Gründer, danach für kurze Zeit Johann Jacob Ferber und ab 1789 Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten. Gefördert durch den bedeutenden Bergwerks-Minister Friedrich Anton Frh. von Heinitz konnte die Einrichtung im Jahre 1801 einen museumsartigen Neubau, die sogenannte Neue Münze, beziehen, wodurch sie neben ihrer Einbindung in die Lehraufgaben der Bergakademie auch eine Wirksamkeit in der Allgemeinbildung erhielt. Ein Besucherbuch markiert mit seinen Eintragungen den Höhepunkt der Entwicklung. Der Niedergang Preußens durch den Einfall Napoleons 1806 und die danach folgende Besinnung auf innere Kräfte führten im Jahre 1810 zur Errichtung der Berliner Universität. Diese übernahm die Lehraufgaben der Bergakademie, und das Königliche Mineralienkabinett war von nun an das Mineralogisches Museum der Universität. doi:10.1002/mmng.1999.4860020101

  20. ILEWG report and discussion on Lunar Science and Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foing, Bernard

    2015-04-01

    The EGU PS2.2 session "Lunar Science and Exploration" will include oral papers and posters, and a series of discussions. Members of ILEWG International Lunar Exploration Working Group will debate: - Recent lunar results: geochemistry, geophysics in the context of open - Celebrating the lunar legacy of pioneers Gerhard Neukum, Colin Pillinger and Manfred Fuchs planetary science and exploration - Latest results from LADEE and Chang'e 3/4 - Synthesis of results from SMART-1, Kaguya, Chang-E1 and Chang-E2, Chandrayaan-1, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and LCROSS impactor, Artemis and GRAIL - Goals and Status of missions under preparation: orbiters, Luna-Glob, Google Lunar X Prize, Luna Resurs, Chang'E 5, Future landers, Lunar sample return - Precursor missions, instruments and investigations for landers, rovers, sample return, and human cis-lunar activities and human lunar sorties - Preparation: databases, instruments, terrestrial field campaigns - The future international lunar exploration programme towards ILEWG roadmap of a global robotic village and permanent international lunar base - The proposals for an International Lunar Decade and International Lunar Research Parks - Strategic Knowledge Gaps, and key science Goals relevant to Human Lunar Global Exploration Lunar science and exploration are developing further with new and exciting missions being developed by China, the US, Japan, India, Russia, Korea and Europe, and with the perspective of robotic and human exploration. The session will include invited and contributed talks as well as a panel discussion and interactive posters with short oral introduction.

  1. Line-of-sight velocity distributions of low-luminosity elliptical galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Halliday, C E; Kuntschner, H; Birkinshaw, M; Bender, R; Saglia, R P; Baggley, G; Davies, Roger L.; Kuntschner, Harald; Bender, Ralf; Baggley, Glenn

    2001-01-01

    The shape of the line-of-sight velocity distribution (LOSVD) is measured for a sample of 14 elliptical galaxies, predominantly low-luminosity ellipticals. The sample is dominated by galaxies in the Virgo cluster but also contains ellipticals in nearby groups and low density environments. The parameterization of the LOSVD due to Gerhard and van der Marel and Franx is adopted, which measures the asymmetrical and symmetrical deviations of the LOSVD from a Gaussian by the amplitudes h3 and h4 of the Gauss-Hermite series. Rotation, velocity dispersion, h3 and h4 are determined as a function of radius for both major and minor axes. Non-Gaussian LOSVDs are found for all galaxies along the major axes. Deviations from a Gaussian LOSVD along the minor axis are of much lower amplitude if present at all. Central decreases in velocity dispersion are found for three galaxies. Two galaxies have kinematically-decoupled cores: NGC 4458 and the well-known case of NGC 3608.

  2. DESERTEC: energy for the planet

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2011-01-01

    The DESERTEC project, launched in 2007, aims to enable the countries of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East to cover a large part of their energy needs through the use of renewable energies by 2050. One of the instigators of this project is Gerhard Knies, former particle physicist at DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron). On several occasions he also took part in experiments at CERN, and on 3 February he returned to the Laboratory to present DESERTEC at a special colloquium.   By combining different sources of renewable energy, the DESERTEC project could supply the energy needs of the EU-MENA region countries. The red squares represent the total CSP surfaces needed to provide the present day electricity demands of the world, Europe and the MENA region. Source: DESERTEC Foundation, www.desertec.org The first stage of the project is to install solar power stations in the deserts of the North Africa and Middle East (MENA) region. Deserts are incomparable sources of clean energy and might hold ...

  3. AGU elects 1989 Fellows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twenty-two distinguished scientists have been elected Fellows of the Union. Fellows are scientists who are judged by their peers as having attained ackowledged eminence in a branch of geophysics. The number of Fellows elected each year is limited to 0.1 % of the total membership at the time of election. The newly elected Fellows are Walter Alvarez, University of California, Berkeley; John R. Booker, University of Washington, Seattle; Peter G. Brewer, Woods Hole Oceanographie Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.; Michael H. Carr, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, Calif.; Gedeon Dagan, Tel Aviv University, Israel; James H. Dieterich, USGS, Menlo Park; Thomas Dunne, University of Washington, Seattle; Jack Fooed Evernden, USGS, Menlo Park; Edward A. Flinn, NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.; Arnold L. Gordon, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, Palisades, N.Y.; Gerhard Haerendel, Max Planck Institut, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany; David L. Kohlstedt, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.; Robert A. Langel, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; James G. Moore, USGS, Menlo Park; Marcia Neugebauer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Robert C. Newton, University of Chicago, Illinois; John A. Orcutt, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, Calif.; Robert B. Smith, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; Bengt U. Sonnerup, Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.; Martin A. Uman, University of Florida, Gainesville; Joe Veverka, Cornell University; and James C.G. Walker, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

  4. The art of scientific storytelling transform your research manuscript using a step-by-step formula

    CERN Document Server

    Luna, Rafael E

    2013-01-01

    We all want our research to have an impact and to be cited by others. There are thousands of research articles published in our respective fields. How do we get someone to read our publications? This book shows you how to put your Title and Abstract into a story, along with the rest of your manuscript. Your research will stand out in a sea of peer-review publications, since it will be forged into a Scientific Story. As a research fellow in the laboratory of Professor Gerhard Wagner at Harvard Medical School, Dr. Luna was collaborating with four other top-notch laboratories in an interdisciplinary research effort to understand the end of the scanning mechanism required for protein synthesis in cells. They were sitting on a mound of research data collected by the various laboratories with varying expertise. This super-collaboration consisted of Physicists, Biologists, Structural Biologists, Biochemists, Chemists, a Computer Scientist, and a Chemical Engineer. There was so much data; yet they struggled to fashio...

  5. Advances in proof theory

    CERN Document Server

    Strahm, Thomas; Studer, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this volume is to collect original contributions by the best specialists from the area of proof theory, constructivity, and computation and discuss recent trends and results in these areas. Some emphasis will be put on ordinal analysis, reductive proof theory, explicit mathematics and type-theoretic formalisms, and abstract computations. The volume is dedicated to the 60th birthday of Professor Gerhard Jäger, who has been instrumental in shaping and promoting logic in Switzerland for the last 25 years. It comprises contributions from the symposium “Advances in Proof Theory”, which was held in Bern in December 2013. Proof theory came into being in the twenties of the last century, when it was inaugurated by David Hilbert in order to secure the foundations of mathematics. It was substantially influenced by Gödel's famous incompleteness theorems of 1930 and Gentzen's new consistency proof for the axiom system of first order number theory in 1936. Today, proof theory is a well-established branch ...

  6. Germany: Europe’s China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Dobrescu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses Germany's ascent not only as Europe's most important economic power, but also as its leader. Figures show that Germany overcame the crisis; in fact the crisis legitimized its development model. Which would be Germany's main strategic choices, confirmed by the historic evolution of the recent years? First, its option for manufacturing, which allowed Germany to turn into Europe's factory. Second, the option for reform. "Agenda 2010", initiated by Gerhard Schroeder in 2003, is a crucial moment in the country's evolution. Special attention is paid to Germany's position on the single currency. Germany's performance is that it managed to turn the euro into a kind of European Dmark. The euro now formally "obeys" German rules, agreed upon from the very beginning, and is mainly coupled to the evolution of German economy. Germany is now sitting its most important exam: the European one. Today, Germany is Europe's most powerful state, but it must become its leader, whose development model would be accepted throughout the continent. Some German economic options are strikingly similar to China's.

  7. Cultural Aspects in the Shona Monolingual Dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nomalanga Mpofu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In the compilation of dictionaries, lexicographers also take cognisance of the culture which is inherent in a language. This article will look at the way the cultural aspect is interwoven in the practice of dictionary making. Language is at the core of culture and it is the major vehicle for the transmission of a people's beliefs and values. Language is also an expression of social struc-tures and attitudes. No culture can exist which does not have a natural language at its centre. A language thus reflects a particular culture. Culture in this article will be taken to mean whatever a person must know in order to function in a particular society (Wardhaugh 1998: 215. The article will look at two aspects: (1 the interrelationship between language and culture and its bearing on lexicography; and (2 the treatment of cultural aspects in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (2001. Examples used in this article are drawn from the advanced Shona monolingual dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona, and other Shona dictionaries, both monolingual and bilingual.

    Keywords: CULTURAL COMPETENCE, CULTURAL ASPECTS, CULTURAL MEANING, CULTURE, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, EXTENDED MEANING, IDIOM, LEXICOGRAPHY, PROVERBS, SHONA, SHONA SOCIETY, TABOO

    Opsomming: Kulturele aspekte in die Sjona- eentalige woordeboek. By die samestelling van woordeboeke neem leksikograwe ook kennis van die kultuur wat inherent aan 'n taal is. Hierdie artikel sal kyk na die manier waarop die kulturele aspek verweef is met die praktyk van woordeboekmaak. Taal lê aan die kern van kultuur en dit is die hoofmedium vir die oordrag van 'n volk se opvattings en waardes. Taal is ook 'n uitdrukking van sosiale strukture en houdings. Geen kultuur kan bestaan wat nie 'n natuurlike taal as middelpunt het nie. 'n Taal weerspieël gevolglik 'n bepaalde kultuur. Kultuur in hierdie artikel sal verstaan word om alles te beteken wat 'n persoon moet weet om in 'n betrokke maatskappy te funksioneer

  8. The fundus slit lamp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gellrich, Marcus-Matthias

    2015-01-01

    Fundus biomicroscopy with the slit lamp as it is practiced widely nowadays was not established until the 1980-es with the introduction of the Volk lenses +90 and +60D. Thereafter little progress has been made in retinal imaging with the slit lamp. It is the aim of this paper to fully exploit the potential of a video slit lamp for fundus documentation by using easily accessible additions. Suitable still images are easily retrieved from videorecordings of slit lamp examinations. The effects of changements in the slit lamp itself (slit beam and apertures) and its examination equipment (converging lenses from +40 to +90D) on quality and spectrum of fundus images are demonstrated. Imaging software is applied for reconstruction of larger fundus areas in a mosaic pattern (Hugin®) and to perform the flicker test in order to visualize changes in the same fundus area at different points of time (Power Point®). The three lenses +90/+60/+40D are a good choice for imaging the whole spectrum of retinal diseases. Displacement of the oblique slit light can be used to assess changes in the surface profile of the inner retina which occurs e.g. in macular holes or pigment epithelial detachment. The mosaic function in its easiest form (one strip macula adapted to one strip with the optic disc) provides an overview of the posterior pole comparable to a fundus camera's image. A reconstruction of larger fundus areas is feasible for imaging in vitreoretinal surgery or occlusive vessel disease. The flicker test is a fine tool for monitoring progressive glaucoma by changes in the optic disc, and it is also a valuable diagnostic tool in macular disease. Nearly all retinal diseases can be imaged with the slit lamp - irrespective whether they affect the posterior pole, mainly the optic nerve or the macula, the whole retina or only its periphery. Even a basic fundus controlled perimetry is possible. Therefore fundus videography with the slit lamp is a worthwhile approach especially for the

  9. THE TRANSFORMATION OF WAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.S. Mnyandu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available "A ghost is stalking the corridors of general staffs and defence departments all over the 'developed' world - the fear of military impotence, even irrelevance. ...As new forms of armed conflict multiply and spread, they will cause the lines between public and private, government and people, military and civilian to become as blurred as they were before 1648. ...One very important way in which men can attain joy, freedom, happiness is (through war." (Van Creveld, 1991: 1,226,227 These are the words that open and conclude this book whose stated objective is to provide a non-Clausewitzian perspective to 'modern' warfare (p ix. In the first two chapters, Van Creveld perceptively addresses the bankruptcy of nuclear weapons and strategy, the declining utility of conventional armed forces and the resurgence of low intensity conflict as well as the resounding political outcomes accrued through such conflicts. Acknowledging Karl von Clausewitz as an outstanding military theoretician, Van Creveld not only delineates the historical context in which Clausewitz's writings were most relevant, but goes on to evoke the works of Colmar von der Goltz (Das Volk in Waffen, 1883 and Erich Ludendorf (Der Totale Krieg, 1936 in order to clearly distinguish the concept of a trinitarian war in comparison to those of a total war and nontrinitarian war (p 35, 42, 45, 49. "Involving the surgical separation of the state, society and the military, the trinitarian war is compatible with the Clausewitzian prescription and primary notion of war as a continuation of politics" (p 63. While total war appears to be an extreme and perverted form of trinitarian war - it plays a vital role in as far as it nearly obliterated society, facilitated the rise of totalitarian governments and even precipitated the Second World War. This openened the flood gates for the resurgence of nontrinitarian conflict in which individuals and individual societies (not established armies acting on behalf

  10. Die koninkryk van God as ’n kontekstueel-paradigmatiese sleutel vir Skrifberoep in die etiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Wet Saaiman

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In die lig van die Christelike etiek is ’n beroep op die Skrif ’n sine qua non waar standpunte oor etiese vraagstukke ingeneem word. Deur ’n beroep op die Skrif te doen, is die probleem ongelukkig nie sonder meer opgelos nie. Hierdie artikel toon aan dat die begrip koninkryk van God as tema as ’n hermeneutiese vertrekpunt kan dien in die soeke na antwoorde op etiese vraagstukke. Daar word aangedui dat die koninkryk van God ’n noodsaaklike tema is omdat sekere wetsbepalings en kontekstueel bepaalde beginsels en norme in die voortsetting van die gedagte van die koninkryk van God in die Ou en Nuwe Testament ingebed is. Daar is egter ook sekere voorskrifte binne die teokratiese bestel wat vir die volk Israel in hulle spesifieke konteks gegee is wat nie noodwendig direk in die hedendaagse samelewingskonteks kan en mag toegepas word nie. Die boodskap van die Skrif moet dus op ’n verantwoordelike en geldige wyse gekonstateer word en effektief aan die moderne samelewing oorgedra word.The kingdom of God as a contextual paradigmatic key for using Scripture in ethics. The use of Scripture is, in light of Christian ethics, a sine qua non when positions with regard to ethical problems are assumed. A simple interpretation of Scripture does not necessarily settle the problem. This article shows that the concept kingdom of God as a theme can serve as a hermeneutical point of departure in the search for answers to ethical questions. It is shown that the kingdom of God is a necessary theme due to the fact that certain legal stipulations and contextual based principles and norms are embedded in the idea of the kingdom of God in the Old and New Testament. There are also certain prescriptions within the theocratic system of Israel in its specific context that may not and cannot be directly applied to the modern day societal context. The message of the Bible must thus be established in a responsible and valid way, and communicated effectively to modern

  11. An assessment of environmental literacy and analysis of predictors of responsible environmental behavior held by secondary teachers in Hualien County of Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Shih-Jang

    The major purpose of this study was to determine the relative contribution of nine variables in predicting teachers' responsible environmental behavior (REB). The theoretic framework of this study was based on the Hines model, the Hungerford and Volk model, and the environmental literacy framework proposed by Environmental Literacy Assessment Consortium. A nine-page instrument was administered by mailed questionnaire to 300 randomly selected secondary teachers in Hualien County of Taiwan with a 78.7% response rate. Correlation and stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted. The following conclusions were drawn: (1) For all the respondents, all the nine environmental literacy variables were significant correlates of REB. These correlates included: perceived knowledge of environmental action strategies (KNOW; r =.46), intention to act (IA; r =.46), perceived skill in using environmental action strategies (SKILL; r =.45), perceived knowledge of environmental problems and issues (KISSU; r =.34), environmental sensitivity (r =.28), environmental responsibility (r =.27), perceived knowledge of ecology and environmental science (r =.27), locus of control (r =.27), and environmental attitudes (r =.21). (2) When only the nine environmental literacy variables were considered, the most parsimonious set of predictors of REB for all the teachers included: (a) KNOW, (Rsp2 =.2116); (b) IA, (Rsp2 =.0916); and (c) SKILL, (Rsp2 =.0205). For the urban teachers, the most parsimonious set of predictors included: (a) IA (Rsp2 =.2559); (b) SKILL (Rsp2.0926); and (c) environmental responsibility (Rsp2 =.0219). For the rural teachers, the most parsimonious set of predictors included: (a) KNOW (Rsp2 =.1872); (b) IA (Rsp2 =.0816); and (c) KISSU (Rsp2 =.0318). (3) When the environmental literacy variables as well as demographic and experience variables were considered, the most parsimonious set of predictors for all the teachers included: (a) KNOW, (Rsp2 =.2834); (b) IA, (Rsp2

  12. Revelation 1:7 − A roadmap of God’s τέλοςfor his creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobus de Smidt

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Revelation 1:7 points to an anticipated final appearance of Jesus at the consummation. This κηρύσσω developed from the late Jewish apocalyptic eschatology. This apocalyptic end time dawned with Jesus. The present time is thus simultaneously the end time, though the consummation is still in the future. As Jesus appeared on earth with his resurrection, so will he appear at the consummation − his resurrection appearance is a simile of his appearance at the consummation. He will appear in a corporeal form. The writer encourages the second-generation marginalised Christians. The Roman emperor is not the victor − Jesus is the axis mundi of God’s final purpose for his creation. The final appearance of Jesus will bring redemption for the believers and mourning for the unbelievers. The κηρύσσω of Revelation 1:7 is diametrically the opposite of the chiliasts. The country of Israel and her present inhabitants have no eschatological role to fulfil at the consummation. Openbaring 1:7 dui op ’n geantisipeerde finale verskyning van Jesus met die voleinding. Hierdie κηρύσσω het uit die Joodse laat-apokaliptiese eskatologie ontwikkel. Die apokaliptiese eindtyd het met Jesus se opstanding plaasgevind en die Nuwe-Testamentiese hede is dus alreeds die eindtyd. Die voleinding is egter nog in die toekoms. Jesus se verskyning met sy opstanding is ’n metafoor vir sy koms by die voleinding. Hy sal liggaamlik verskyn. Die skrywer bemoedig die gemarginaliseerde tweede generasie Christene. Die Romeinse keiser is nie die oorwinnaar nie − Jesus is die axis mundi van God se finale plan vir sy skepping. Die finale verskyning van Jesus sal vir die gelowiges ewige verlossing bewerk, maar die ongelowiges sal in rou gedompel word. Die κηρύσσω van Openbaring 1:7 is die teenoorgestelde van die standpunt van die chiliasme. Die land en huidige volk van Israel vervul geen eskatologiese rol by die voleinding nie.

  13. Zur Geschichte der Geowissenschaften im Museum für Naturkunde zu Berlin Teil 1: Aus der Vorgeschichte bis zur Gründung der Berliner Bergakademie im Jahre 1770

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Hoppe

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Geschichte der beiden Institute für Mineralogie und für Paläontologie des Berliner Museums für Naturkunde mit ihren sehr großen Sammlungen beginnt mit ihrer direkten Vorgängerin, der Berliner Bergakademie, die 1770 gegründet worden ist. Aber bereits vor dieser Zeit hat es in Berlin geowissenschaftliche Interessen und Betätigungen gegeben. Diese Vorgeschichte wird mit einer Zeit begonnen, in der es den Ort Berlin noch längst nicht gab. Aus der La-Tene-Zeit, die der Zeit der griechischen Antike entspricht, stammt eine Aschenurne mit einer Sammlung fossiler Mollusken, die im norddeutschen Flachland bei Bernburg gefunden wurde. Die Zusammensetzung dieser Sammlung läßt bereits ein wissenschaftliches Herangehen erkennen. Für Berlin selbst ist kurz nach Georg Agricola eine Persönlichkeit der Renaissance zu verzeichnen, Leonhard Thurneysser zum Thurn, in dessen vielfältigen Aktivitäten auch Mineralien einen Platz hatten. In gleicher Zeit war in Berlin am brandenburgischen Hofe eine Raritätenkammer vorhanden, die spätere Kunst- und Naturalienkammer. Sie existierte bis über das Jahr 1770 hinaus und enthielt auch Mineralien und Versteinerungen. Das sich hierdurch zeigende Interesse an solchen Objekten war noch recht oberflächlich. Erst die Sammlungen privater Personen, die in Berlin seit Ende des 17. Jahrhunderts entstanden sind, zeigen ein tieferes und wissenschaftliches Interesse, wenn auch in verschiedenem Maße und in unterschiedlicher Spezialisierung. Unter ihnen ragt besonders Johann Gottlob Lehmann heraus. Als vielseitiger Naturwissenschaftler und Bergrat hielt er privat Vorlesungen in Mineralogie und Bergbaukunde. Der Siebenjährige Krieg verhinderte den Ausbau und die Fortsetzung. Erst Jahre danach, 1768, reorganisierte König Friedrich II. das preußische Bergwesen und richtete 1770 die Berliner Bergakademie ein. Hierbei kam dem Arzt und Bergrat Carl Abraham Gerhard bei der Einrichtung und als Lehrkraft eine wesentliche

  14. 20. symposium on thermal solar energy. Proceedings; 20. Symposium Thermische Solarenergie. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Within the 20th symposium 'Thermal solar systems'of the Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut e.V. (OTTI) (Regensburg, Federal Republic of Germany) from 5th to 7th May, 2010 in Bad Staffelstein (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) State of the art and perspectives of renewable heat (Karin Freier); (2) European perspectives and market overview (Oliver Druecke); (3) 20 Years symposium thermal solar energy (Volker Wittwer); (4) Solar thermal energy 2030 - Potentials, visions, research strategies (Harald Drueck); (5) New perspectives for air collector systems (Gerhard Stryi-Hipp); (6) A new solar thermal desalination system with heat recovery for a central production of drinking water (Tarik Schwarzer); (7) CerapurSolar - Integration of a solar heating support and hot water heating in a gas heater (Konrad Lustig); (8) Possibilities of a heat pipe collector without problems of stagnation (Gerhard Mientkewitz); (9) Flat collector with external reflectors (RefleC): development experiences (Stean Hess); (10) A systematic investigation of the aging behaviour of polymers depending on different loading factors (Karl-Anders Weiss); (11) Development of plastic collectors: Fundamental questions and results from a research project (Stefan Brunold); (12) Experimental and numerical investigations of immersed heat transfer devices for packing and unpacking of hot water storages (William Logie); (13) Testing of layer loading systems under practical conditions (Rolf Lohse); (14) The multifunctional heat storage in Hamburg-Bramfeld - An innovative extension of the oldest German solar community (Thomas Schmidt); (14) HeatBoxQuality - Decentral hydraulic power station on the test rig (Alexander Kaiser); (15) Development of a test procedure for a systematic comparison of fresh water modules (Florian Ruesch); (16) Enlarged system evaluation using the Concise Cylce Test using PelletSolar as an example (Robert Haberl); (17) Functionality

  15. Search for Signatures of Life in the Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Race, M.; Schwehm, G.; Arnould, J.; Dawson, S.; Devore, E.; Evans, D.; Ferrazzani, M.; Shostak, S.

    The search for evidence of extraterrestrial life is an important scientific theme that fascinates the public and encourages interest in space exploration, both within the solar system and beyond. The rapid pace of mass media communication allows the public to share mission results and new discoveries almost simultaneously with the scientific community. The public can read about proposed sample return missions to Mars, listen as scientists debate about in situ exploration of the oceans on Europa, learn about the growing number of extrasolar planets, or use their personal computers to participate in searches for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). As the science community continues its multi-pronged efforts to detect evidence of extraterrestrial life, it must be mindful of more than just science and technology. It is important to understand public perceptions, misperceptions, beliefs, concerns and potential complications associated with the search for life beyond our home planet. This panel is designed to provide brief overviews of some important non-scientific areas with the potential to impact future astrobiological exploration. The presentations will be followed by open discussion and audience participation. Invited panelists and their topical areas include: SCIENCE FICTION AND MISPERCEPTIONS: Seth Shostak, Dylan EvansBattling Pseudo-Science, Hollywood and Alien Abductions LEGAL ISSUES: Marcus FerrazzaniLooming Complications for Future Missions and Exploration RISK COMMUNICATION: Sandra DawsonEngaging the Public, Explaining the Risks, and Encouraging Long-Term Interestin Mission Science EDUCATION: Edna DeVoreUsing the Search for Life as a Motivating Theme in Teaching Basic Science andCritical Thinking. ETHICAL ISSUES AND CONCERNS: Jacques ArnouldWhat Will it Mean if We Find "ET"? PANEL MODERATORS: Margaret Race, Gerhard Schwehm

  16. Intricate decision making: ambivalences and barriers when fulfilling an advance directive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schröder L

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Lars Schröder,1 Gerhard Homme,1,2 Stephan Sahm3,4 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Center of Integrated Oncology, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, 2Institute of Medical Biometry, Epidemiology and Informatics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, 3Department of Gastroenterology and Oncology, Ketteler Hospital, Offenbach, 4Institute for Ethics and History of Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany Background: Despite a recent statutory ruling stating the binding nature of advance directives (ADs, only a minority of the population has signed one. Yet, a majority deem it of utmost importance to ensure their wishes are followed through in case they are no longer able to decide. The reasons for this discrepancy have not yet been investigated sufficiently.Patients and methods: This article is based on a survey of patients using a well-established structured questionnaire. First, patients were asked about their attitudes with respect to six therapeutic options at the end of life: intravenous fluids, artificial feeding, antibiotics, analgesia, chemotherapy/dialysis, and artificial ventilation; and second, they were asked about the negative effects related to the idea of ADs surveying their apprehensions: coercion to fulfill an AD, dictatorial reading of what had been laid down, and abuse of ADs.Results: A total of 1,260 interviewees completed the questionnaires. A significant percentage of interviewees were indecisive with respect to therapeutic options, ranging from 25% (analgesia to 45% (artificial feeding. There was no connection to health status. Apprehensions about unwanted effects of ADs were widespread, at 51%, 35%, and 43% for coercion, dictatorial reading, and abuse, respectively.Conclusion: A significant percentage of interviewees were unable to anticipate decisions about treatment options at the end of life. Apprehensions about negative adverse effects of ADs are widespread. Keywords: advance directive, living

  17. Epioptics-8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cricenti, Antonio

    2006-03-01

    Preface -- Ab-initio theories for the calculation of excited states properties / O. Pulci ... [et al.] -- Theory of surface second harmonic generation / W. Luis Mochán, Jesś A. Maytorena -- Exitation of multiple plasmon in optical second-harmonic generation / K. Pedersen, T. G. Pedersen, P. Morgen -- Non-linear optical probes of biological surfaces / Mischa Bonn, Volker Knecht, Michiel Müller -- Ab initio study of the Ge(111): Sn surface / Paola Gori, Olivia Pulci, Antonio Cricenti -- Lifetime of excited states / B. Hellsing -- Soliton dynamics in non-commensurate surface structure / Alexander S. Kovalev, Igor V. Gerasimchuk -- Raman scattering as an epioptic probe for low dimensional structures / E. Speiser, K. Fleischer, W. Richter -- Calculation of reflectance anisotropy for semiconductor surface exploration / W. G. Schmidt -- Molecular assembly at metal surfaces studied by reflection anisotropy spectroscopy / David S. Martin -- Study of solid/liquid interfaces by optical techniques / Y. Borensztein -- Surface preparation of Cu(110) for ambient environments / G. E. Isted, N. P. Blanchard, D. S. Martin -- Micro-radiographs stored in lithium fluoride films show strong optical contrast with no topographical contribution / A. Ustione ... [et al.] -- Metal nanofilms studied with infrared spectroscopy / Gerhard Fahsold, Andreas Priebe, Annemarie Pucci -- An AFM investigation of oligonucleotides anchored on an unoxidized crystalline silicon surface / G. Longo ... [et al.] -- A new approach to characterize polymeric nanofilters contamination using scanning near-field optical microscopy / C. Oliva ... [et al.] -- Magnetization reversal processes in Fe/NiO/Fe(001) trilayers studied by means of magneto-optical Kerr effect / P. Biagioni -- Laser-induced band bending variation for ZnTe (110)1x1 surface / S. D. Thorpe ... [et al.] -- Optical properties of materials in an undergraduate physics curriculum / Julio R. Blanco.

  18. Safety and performance of cohesive polydensified matrix hyaluronic acid fillers with lidocaine in the clinical setting – an open-label, multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kühne U

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Ulrich Kühne,1 Jørgen Esmann,2 Dennis von Heimburg,3 Matthias Imhof,1 Petra Weissenberger,4 Gerhard Sattler,5 On behalf of the BALIA Study Group 1Aesthetische Dermatologie im Medico Palais, Bad Soden, Germany; 2Jørgen Esmann Aps, Hellerup, Denmark; 3Praxisklinik Kaiserplatz, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 4Corporate Clinical Research, Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; 5Rosenparkklinik GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany Abstract: Cohesive polydensified matrix (CPM® hyaluronic acid fillers are now available with or without lidocaine. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and performance of CPM® fillers with lidocaine in the clinical setting. In an open-label, prospective, postmarketing study, 108 patients from seven sites in Germany and Denmark were treated with one or more lidocaine-containing CPM® fillers. Performance was assessed using the Merz Aesthetics Scales® (MAS. Pain was rated on an 11-point visual analog scale. Patients’ and physicians’ satisfaction as well as adverse events were recorded. Improvements of ≥1-point on MAS immediately after and 17 days posttreatment were observed in ~90% of patients compared with baseline. All investigators assessed ejection force, product positioning, and performance as similar or superior to the respective nonlidocaine products. Overall, 94% of investigators were satisfied with the esthetic outcomes and were willing to continue using the products. All patients except one were satisfied with the results, and all were willing to repeat the treatment. Mean pain scores were low during (<3.0 and after injection (<0.6. Except for one case of bruising, all adverse events were mild to moderate. CPM® fillers with lidocaine are safe and effective for a wide range of esthetic facial indications. Keywords: cohesive polydensified matrix, dermal fillers, Belotero, Esthélis, Fortélis, Modélis

  19. Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: German Protestantism, conscience, and the limits of purely ethical reflection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartmann, Peter

    2003-01-01

    In this essay I shall describe and analyse the current debate on physician assisted suicide in contemporary German Protestant church and theology. It will be shown that the Protestant (mainly Lutheran) Church in Germany together with her Roman Catholic sister church has a specific and influential position in the public discussion: The two churches counting the majority of the population in Germany among their members tend to "organize" a social and political consensus on end-of-life questions. This cooperation is until now very successful: Speaking with one voice on end-of-life questions, the two churches function as the guardians of a moral consensus which is appreciated even by many non-believers. Behind this joint service to society the lines of the theological debate have to be ree-discovered. First it will be argued that a Protestant reading of the joint memoranda has to be based on the concept of individual conscience. The crucial questions are then: Whose conscience has the authority to decide? and: Can the physician assisted suicide be desired faithfully? Prominent in the current debate are Ulrich Eibach as a strict defender of the sanctity of life, and on the other side Walter Jens and Hans Kung, who argue for a right to physician assisted suicide under extreme conditions. I shall argue that it will be necessary to go beyond this actual controversy to the works of Gerhard Ebeling and Karl Barth for a clear and instructive account of conscience and a theological analysis of the concepts of life and suicide. On the basis of their considerations, a conscience-related approach to physician assisted suicide is developed.

  20. An Introduction of the Winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007%2007年度诺贝尔化学奖获得者简介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卓勇; 朱若华

    2007-01-01

    最近诺贝尔奖委员会公布了2007年诺贝尔化学奖获奖人,德国科学家格哈德·埃特尔(Gerhard Ertl)因在固体表面的化学过程研究中的杰出贡献获此殊荣.格哈德·埃特尔是一位在国际上享有盛誉的科学家,他在描述氢在金属表面的吸附作用、氨合成的分子机理和固体表面的催化过程等很多方面做了出色的研究工作.他不仅奠定了现代表面化学的基础理论和方法学,而且他的研究成果已经对人类生产和生活产生了巨大的作用,包括化肥生产、汽车尾气的催化净化等许多方面,为经济发展和社会进步做出了巨大的贡献.本文对格哈德·埃特尔教授的学术生涯及在固体表面的化学过程研究方面的主要科学贡献做了介绍.

  1. Concepts, Instruments, and Model Systems that Enabled the Rapid Evolution of Surface Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Somorjai, Gabor A.; Park, Jeong Y.

    2009-01-10

    Over the past forty years, surface science has evolved to become both an atomic scale and a molecular scale science. Gerhard Ertl's group has made major contributions in the field of molecular scale surface science, focusing on vacuum studies of adsorption chemistry on single crystal surfaces. In this review, we outline three important aspects which have led to recent advances in surface chemistry: the development of new concepts, in situ instruments for molecular scale surface studies at buried interfaces (solid-gas and solid-liquid), and new model nanoparticle surface systems, in addition to single crystals. Combined molecular beam surface scattering and low energy electron diffraction (LEED)- surface structure studies on metal single crystal surfaces revealed concepts, including adsorbate-induced surface restructuring and the unique activity of defects, atomic steps, and kinks on metal surfaces. We have combined high pressure catalytic reaction studies with ultra high vacuum (UHV) surface characterization techniques using a UHV chamber equipped with a high pressure reaction cell. New instruments, such as high pressure sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) which permit molecular-level surface studies have been developed. Tools that access broad ranges of pressures can be used for both the in situ characterization of solid-gas and solid-liquid buried interfaces and the study of catalytic reaction intermediates. The model systems for the study of molecular surface chemistry have evolved from single crystals to nanoparticles in the 1-10 nm size range, which are currently the preferred media in catalytic reaction studies.

  2. Leibniz e o incomparável Manual de Epicteto: A propósito da crítica à arte da paciência de Descartes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William de Siqueira Piauí

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O filósofo alemão Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716 menciona muitas vezes a filosofia estoica, especialmente a de Epicteto (55-135? e mesmo a defendida no Encheirídion ou Manual, e talvez o melhor exemplo da importância que o Manual assume para o alemão seja as muitas menções feitas na Teodiceia; entretanto, dentre muitas outras, existe uma carta endereçada ao teólogo luterano o abade Gerhard Wolter Molanus (1633-1722, carta que recebeu a datação de mais ou menos 1679, em que não só o “incomparável Manual de Epicteto” é mencionado como ficam estabelecidos os termos em que ele é preferível com relação àquilo que Leibniz chamou de a arte da paciência, supostamente defendida pelo filósofo francês René Descartes (1596-1650, arte duramente criticada pelo alemão em favor de um cristianismo platônico ou de uma moral verdadeiramente cristã. Dito assim, nosso objetivo é problematizar alguns dos motivos das muitas menções aos estoicos, daí a Epicteto e especialmente ao seu Manual, e os termos em que se deu a crítica a Descartes por parte de Leibniz. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Leibniz, Epicteto, Molanus, Descartes, Enchiridion.

  3. Surface Gravity Data Contribution to the Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands Geoid Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, X.; Gerhards, C.; Holmes, S. A.; Saleh, J.; Shaw, B.

    2015-12-01

    The Gravity for the Redefinition of the American Vertical Datum (GRAV-D) project provides updated local gravity field information for the XGEOID15 models. In particular, its airborne gravity data in the area of Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands (PRVI) made substantial improvements (~60%) on the precision of the geoid models at the local GNSS/Leveling bench marks in the target area. Fortunately, PRVI is free of the huge systematic error in the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). Thus, the airborne contribution was evaluated more realistically. In addition, the airborne data picked up more detailed gravity field information in the medium wavelength band (spherical harmonic degree 200 to 600) that are largely beyond the resolution of the current satellite missions, especially along the nearby ocean trench areas. Under this circumstance (significant airborne contributions in the medium band), local surface gravity data need to be examined more carefully than before during merging with the satellite and airborne information for local geoid improvement, especially considering the well-known systematic problems in the NGS historical gravity holdings (Saleh et al 2013 JoG). Initial tests showed that it is very important to maintain high consistency between the surface data sets and the airborne enhanced reference model. In addition, a new aggregation method (Gerhards 2014, Inverse Problems) will also be tested to optimally combine the local surface data with the reference model. The data cleaning and combining procedures in the target area will be summarized here as reference for future applications.

  4. [Armauer Hansen (1841-1912), portrait of a Nordic pioneer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Willy; Freney, Jean

    2002-01-01

    Desending from a Danish family, Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen was born in Bergan, Norway, on 29 July, 1841. Graduated in medicine in 1866 from the University at Christiana (the former name of Oslo), he started his medical career as an assistant physician at the National Hospital of Oslo for one year, working afterwards as a medical officer for a fishing company outside the Arctic Circle. Taking not well his routine job, he soon returned to Bergen where he began his work on a disease known as leprosy at the age of 26 and as an assistant of D.C. Danielssen at the Lungegaarden Hospital. There he engaged in research and investigations on the nature of the disease. Studying the various types of leprosy (skin, nerve and visceral lesions), he was awarded, one year after beginning his work, the gold metal of the University for his first publication on the disease. While Danielssen leaned toward heredity as a dominant factor in leprosy, Hansen's conviction was that the disease must have an infectious causal agent. In about 1871, Hansen began to observe tiny little rods in tissue specimens and considered they could be the ethiologic agent of leprosy, the more he found these rods in all the infiltrated nodular lesions in his patients. Finally, he proposed on February 28, 1873, that the rods were bacilli, responsible of leprosy. Promoted to the rank of Chief of the Leprosy Service in 1875, he held his job for 37 years; Hansen's entire adult life was spent at work in leprosy. He edited the journal . Hansen was also an eminent zoologist engaged in studies involving mollusks and worms; Since 1874, he was president of the Bergen Museum of Natural History. Armauer Hansen died on February 12, 1912, and the funeral ceremonies took place in the Museum of Bergen where his ashes are still kept.

  5. Thermosensitive liposomal drug delivery systems: state of the art review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kneidl B

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Barbara Kneidl,1,2 Michael Peller,3 Gerhard Winter,2 Lars H Lindner,1 Martin Hossann11Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Munich, 2Department of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics, 3Institute for Clinical Radiology, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, GermanyAbstract: Thermosensitive liposomes are a promising tool for external targeting of drugs to solid tumors when used in combination with local hyperthermia or high intensity focused ultrasound. In vivo results have demonstrated strong evidence that external targeting is superior over passive targeting achieved by highly stable long-circulating drug formulations like PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin. Up to March 2014, the Web of Science listed 371 original papers in this field, with 45 in 2013 alone. Several formulations have been developed since 1978, with lysolipid-containing, low temperature-sensitive liposomes currently under clinical investigation. This review summarizes the historical development and effects of particular phospholipids and surfactants on the biophysical properties and in vivo efficacy of thermosensitive liposome formulations. Further, treatment strategies for solid tumors are discussed. Here we focus on temperature-triggered intravascular and interstitial drug release. Drug delivery guided by magnetic resonance imaging further adds the possibility of performing online monitoring of a heating focus to calculate locally released drug concentrations and to externally control drug release by steering the heating volume and power. The combination of external targeting with thermosensitive liposomes and magnetic resonance-guided drug delivery will be the unique characteristic of this nanotechnology approach in medicine.Keywords: thermosensitive liposomes, phosphatidyloligoglycerol, hyperthermia, high intensity focused ultrasound, drug delivery, drug targeting

  6. Prolonged closed cardiac massage using LUCAS device in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with prolonged transport time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edouard Matevossian

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Edouard Matevossian1, Dietrich Doll4, Jakob Säckl1, Inga Sinicina5, Jürgen Schneider2, Gerhard Simon3, Norbert Hüser11Department of Surgery, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive-Care Medicine; 3Department of Radiology, Technische Universität of Munich, Germany; 4Department of Visceral, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Philips University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany; 5Institute of Clinical Forensic Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, GermanyAbstract: Saving more human lives through more effective reanimation measures is the goal of the new international guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation as the decisive aspect for survival after cardiovascular arrest is that basic resuscitation should start immediately. According to the updated guidelines, the greatest efficacy in cardiac massage is only achieved when the right compression point, an adequate compression depth, vertical pressure, the correct frequency, and equally long phases of compression and decompression are achieved. The very highest priority is placed on restoring continuous circulation. Against this background, standardized continuous chest compression with active decompression has contributed to a favorable outcome in this case. The hydraulically operated and variably adjustable automatic Lund University Cardiac Arrest System (LUCAS device (Jolife, Lund, Sweden undoubtedly meets these requirements. This case report describes a 44-year-old patient who – approximately 15 min after the onset of clinical death due to apparent ventricular fibrillation – received cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initially by laypersons and then by the emergency medical team (manual chest compressions followed by situation-adjusted LUCAS compressions. Sinus rhythm was restored after more than 90 min of continuous resuscitation, with seven defibrillations. Interventional diagnostic workup did not reveal a causal morphological correlate for the condition on coronary

  7. N-body modeling of barlens galaxies: Boxy/Peanut/X observed at different viewing geometries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salo, Heikki; Laurikainen, Eija

    2017-06-01

    We use stellar dynamical N-body simulations to explore barlens galaxies, i.e. galaxies with lens-like central structures embedded in their bars, with a size about one-half of the narrow bar component. Because of their roundish isophotes, barlenses are often confused with classical bulges. However, growing evidence indicates that barlenses form a part of the bar, corresponding to the face-on projection of the vertically extended Boxy/Peanut/X central structures seen in edge-on barred galaxies (see Laurikainen et al. 2014, 2016, Athanassoula et al. 2015). B/P/X/barlens structures appear mostly in galaxies with stellar masses above 1010 solar masses. It has been suggested by Bland-Hawthorn & Gerhard (2016) that in face-on view also our Milky Way is likely to be a barlens galaxy.Here we review the morphological appearance of B/P/X/barlens galaxies (aspect ratio, size compared to the narrow bar) as a function of viewing inclination, by comparing synthetic images from simulations with the 3.6 micron data from S4G (Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies). We demonstrate how the X/barlens morphology depends on the central mass concentration in galaxies; the pure barlens morphology requires steep inner rotation curves, while for shallower slopes the central structure still resembles a barlens, but shows boxy isophotes or X-signature even at low inclinations. This simulated behavior is confirmed with S4G data (Salo & Laurikainen 2017). We also use broadband SDSS colors and CALIFA DR3 data from literature, to analyze the ages and metallicities of the barlens components with respect to the narrow bar and the centralpeak of the galaxies. Finally, kinematic maps of the simulated galaxies are presented, illustrating the expected signatures of barlens component on the H3 and H4 Hermite-moments.

  8. Column Experiments of Smouldering Combustion as a Remediation Technology for NAPL Source Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pironi, P.; Switzer, C.; Rein, G.; Torero, J. L.; Gerhard, J. I.

    2008-12-01

    Smouldering combustion is an innovative approach that has significant potential for the remediation of industrial sites contaminated by non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs). Many common liquid contaminants, including coal tar, solvents, oils and petrochemicals are combustible and release significant amounts of heat when burned. Smouldering combustion is the flameless burning of a condensed fuel that derives heat from surface oxidation reactions. Gerhard et al., 2006 (Eos Trans., 87(52), Fall Meeting Suppl. H24A) presented proof-of-concept experiments demonstrating that NAPLs embedded in a porous medium may be effectively destroyed via smouldering. Based upon that work, it was hypothesized that the process can be self- sustaining, such that, a short duration energy input (i.e., ignition) at a single location is sufficient to generate a reaction that propagates itself through the NAPL source zone until the NAPL is eliminated, provided that enough air is injected into the soil. In this work, this hypothesis is proven via column experiments at the intermediate bench scale (~ 30 cm) utilizing coal tar-contaminated quartz sands. Over 30 such experiments examine the sensitivity of NAPL smouldering to a series of fluid-media system variables and engineering control parameters, including contaminant type, NAPL saturation, water saturation, porous media type and air injection rate. Diagnostic techniques employed to characterize the results include temperature mapping, off-gas analysis (via FTIR), heat front mapping via digital imaging, and pre- and post-treatment soil analysis. The derived relationships between the manipulated system variables and experimental results are providing understanding of the mechanisms controlling the ignition and propagation of liquid smouldering. Such insight is necessary for the ongoing design of both ex situ and in situ pilot applications.

  9. La doctrina respice polum ("Mirar hacia el norte" en la práctica de las relaciones internacionales de Colombia durante el siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Bermúdez Torres

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Finalizada la guerra de los Mil Días Colombia empezó el siglo XX con una pérdida geoestratégica notable, ya que perdió su condición natural de zona de posible tránsito interoceánico; la separación de la provincia panameña, afectó las relaciones entre Colombia y Estados Unidos, país que estaba interesado en la construcción del canal interoceánico por Panamá. En 1914 se firmó el tratado Urrutia-Thompson, mediante el cual Estados Unidos "compensaba" a Colombia por la pérdida de Panamá. Posterior a la ratificación del Tratado, el gobierno estadounidense buscó mejorar sus relaciones con Colombia, combinando misiones económicas y diplomáticas. El primer propósito de este trabajo es analizar históricamente la doctrina respice polum ("Mirar hacia el norte", acuñada en el período presidencial 1918-1921, valorando su repercusión en las demás relaciones internacionales de Colombia durante el siglo XX; doctrina según la cual Colombia debía orientar su política exterior hacia Estados Unidos. El propósito final es mostrar cómo esta doctrina hizo que durante gran parte del siglo XX Colombia presentara un "perfil bajo" (calificativo del teórico austriaco Gerhard Drekonja Kornat en cuanto a la relaciones con la comunidad internacional, tendencia que sólo empezó a modificarse parcialmente a finales de los años sesentas cuando se postuló la doctrina respice similia ("Mirar a tus semejantes".

  10. LISA 8 Science Organizing Committee and Local Organizing Committee LISA 8 Science Organizing Committee and Local Organizing Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Science Organising Committee (SOC) Tom Abel, Stanford University Odylio Aguiar, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais Tal Alexander, Wizemann Institute Peter Bender, University of Colorado Pierre Binetruy, APC - College de France Sasha Buchman, Stanford University Robert Byer, Stanford University Manuela Campanelli, University of Texas Joan Centrella, NASA/Goddard Massimo Cerdonio, University of Padova Eugenio Coccia, University of Roma-2 Neil Cornish, Montana State University Michael Cruise, University of Birmingham Curt Cutler, NASA/JPL Karsten Danzmann, University of Hannover Sam Finn, Penn State University Jens Gundlach, NPL Gerhard Heinzel, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik Craig Hogan, University of Washington Jim Hough, University of Glasgow Scott Hughes, MIT Oliver Jennrich, ESTEC Philippe Jetzer, University Zurich Seiji Kawamura, National Observatory, Japan Alberto Lobo, ICE-CSIC and IEEC Avi Loeb, Harvard University Piero Madau, Lick Observatory Yannick Mellier, IAP, Paris Peter Michelson, Stanford University Guido Mueller, University of Florida Sterl Phinney, Caltech Tom Prince, NASA/JPL Doug Richstone, University of Michigan Bernard Schutz, AEI Potsdam Tuck Stebbins, NASA/Goddard Tim Sumner, Imperial College, London Ke-Xun Sun, Stanford University Kip Thorne, Caltech Michele Vallisneri, NASA/JPL Alberto Vecchio, University of Birmingham Jean-Yves Vinet, OCA, Nice Stefano Vitale, University of Trento Rai Weiss, MIT Nick White, NASA/Goddard Local Organising Committee (LOC) Sasha Buchman (Stanford University) Robert Byer (Stanford University) Sara Charbonneau-Lefort (Stanford University) Nancy Christianson (Stanford University) John Conklin (Stanford University) Dan DeBra (Stanford University) Jan Goebel (Stanford University) Vivian Drew (Stanford University) Ke-Xun Sun (Stanford University) Lucy Zhou (Stanford University) Andrea Zoellner (Stanford University)

  11. Gestos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Muntadas

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Gestos é uma série de fotos que o artista catalão Antoni Muntadas realizou, durante a guerra do Iraque. Trata-se da reciclagem de fotos veiculadas em jornais aos quais o artista teve acesso. O recorte é preciso: gestos e poses através das quais George W. Bush, Tony Blair, Saddam Hussein, Collin Powell, Jacques Chirac, Gerhard Schroeder, S. Berlusconi, e tantos outros polí­ticos, que marcaram sua presença e identificaram seus posicionamentos em relação ao conflito. Gestos reproduz, assim, a "paisagem midiática" da guerra do ponto de vista dos pronunciamentos dos estadistas nos ambientes da mí­dia e no espaço público igualmente mediado. Para Muntadas, televisão, ví­deo, instalações e Internet são os ambientes preferenciais de suas "paisagens midiáticas" - metáfora conceitual que procura configurar os diferentes efeitos de sentido que a incorporação dos meios de comunicação provoca na obra de arte e, conseqüentemente, na cultura. Em Gestos há o rebatimento dos meios e um reprocessamento contí­nuo da informação. As personalidades se pronunciam em espaços públicos e em eventos transmitidos pelas televisões; a fala é traduzida em gestos que são fotografados pela mí­dia impressa e rigorosamente recortados em sua articulação mais elementar desvinculando-se do corpo que os enunciam para, em seguida, transformar-se num produto artí­stico com a intervenção do artista.

  12. Kinetics of drug action in disease states: towards physiology-based pharmacodynamic (PBPD) models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danhof, Meindert

    2015-10-01

    Gerhard Levy started his investigations on the "Kinetics of Drug Action in Disease States" in the fall of 1980. The objective of his research was to study inter-individual variation in pharmacodynamics. To this end, theoretical concepts and experimental approaches were introduced, which enabled assessment of the changes in pharmacodynamics per se, while excluding or accounting for the cofounding effects of concomitant changes in pharmacokinetics. These concepts were applied in several studies. The results, which were published in 45 papers in the years 1984-1994, showed considerable variation in pharmacodynamics. These initial studies on kinetics of drug action in disease states triggered further experimental research on the relations between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Together with the concepts in Levy's earlier publications "Kinetics of Pharmacologic Effects" (Clin Pharmacol Ther 7(3): 362-372, 1966) and "Kinetics of pharmacologic effects in man: the anticoagulant action of warfarin" (Clin Pharmacol Ther 10(1): 22-35, 1969), they form a significant impulse to the development of physiology-based pharmacodynamic (PBPD) modeling as novel discipline in the pharmaceutical sciences. This paper reviews Levy's research on the "Kinetics of Drug Action in Disease States". Next it addresses the significance of his research for the evolution of PBPD modeling as a scientific discipline. PBPD models contain specific expressions to characterize in a strictly quantitative manner processes on the causal path between exposure (in terms of concentration at the target site) and the drug effect (in terms of the change in biological function). Pertinent processes on the causal path are: (1) target site distribution, (2) target binding and activation and (3) transduction and homeostatic feedback.

  13. Research for the era of renewable energies: Themes 2010; Forschen fuer das Zeitalter der erneuerbaren Energien. Themen 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stadermann, Gerd; Szczepanski, Petra (comps.)

    2010-12-15

    Within the jubilee meeting of the Renewable Energy Research association (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) from 11th to 12th October, 2010, in Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) From the foundation idea to the research association solar power (Gerd Eisenbeiss); (2) Successes affiliated - Joint research and work on the energy supply of the future (Joachim Luther); (3) Research for the era of renewable energies (Wolfgang Eberhardt); (4) Energy research package of the Federal Government: Benchmarks for the 6th Energy Research Program (Knut Kuebler); (5) Research promotion of the Federal Environment Ministry for renewable energies (Kerstin Deller); (6) Vision of a sustainable energy system 2050 (Juergen Schmid); (7) Open Invention for the demands of a new electricity age (Michael Weinhold); (8) Safeguarding the future by means of innovations in the photovoltaic industry (Ralf Luedemann); (9) Silicon wafer solar cells - New horizons (Rolf Brendel); (10) Thin film solar cells - Technology of the future? (Michael Powalla); (11) Photovoltaics - New concepts (Vladimir Dyakonov); (12) Geothermal power generation - base load electricity for the renewable energy mix 2050 (Ernst Huenges); (13) Wind energy - Challenges for the development of technology (Andreas Reuter); (14) Solar thermal power plants - Integration of electricity and fuels in a European integrated grid (Robert Pitz-Paal); (15) Efficient utilization of biomass - Residual substances, competitive uses and cascade utilization (Frank Baur); (16) Sustainable energy supply of buildings for solar and energy efficient construction (Gerd Hauser); (17) The potential of technology development for the utilization of solar power (Gerhard Stryi-Hipp); (18) Energy storage and grid management (Adreas Hauer); (19) Systems and technologies for the transition to an energy efficient town (Christina Sager); (19) Economic consequences of a 100 % supply with renewable energy as a technology

  14. Relationship of disc damage likelihood scale nomogram and optical coherence tomogram for primary chronic angle-closure glaucoma: report of 73 eyes%视盘分级法评估原发性慢性闭角型青光眼视神经损害与OCT视神经纤维检查的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海军; 谢琳; 贺翔鸽; 乐莉; 王原

    2011-01-01

    目的 用视盘损害分级(disc damage likelihood scale,DDLS)方法 评估原发性慢性闭角型青光眼(primary chronic angle-closure glaucoma,PCACG)视神经损害,探讨其与光学断层相干扫描仪(optical coherence tomography,OCT)检测视神经纤维厚度参数的相关性.方法 收集2009年10月至2010年8月我院眼科PCACG患者共38例(73眼),通过双面Volk 90D前置镜在裂隙灯下对视盘直径及其盘沿最窄处宽度测量,按DDLS分级标准进行分级;Stratus OCT 3000成像仪、RNFL3.4程序获取象限位、钟点位及自选参数的视网膜神经纤维(retina nerve fiber layer,RNFL)厚度.运用SPSS 15.0统计软件分析DDLS分级与OCT视盘周围3.4 mm处RNFL检测参数的相关性.结果 共38例(73眼)中大直径视盘17眼(占23.3%),中等直径视盘41眼(占56.2%),小直径视盘15眼(占20.6%);上方、下方、颞侧象限RNFL厚度均值与DDLS分级评分相关(r=-0.673,P=0.0001;r=-0.605,P=0.0001,r=-0.499,P=0.0014),鼻侧方象限RNFL厚度均值与DDLS分级评分不相关(r=-0.352,P=0.0602);11、7、6、10、12钟点位RNFL厚度与DDLS分级评分具有相关性(r=-0.673,P=0.0001; r=-0.605,P=0.0001; r=-0.531,P=0.0006;r=-0.525,P=0.0007;r=-0.520,P=0.0008),而3、2、8点位无统计学意义(r=-0.320,P=0.0501;r=-0.320,P=0.0510;r=-0.297,P=0.0702);DDLS分级评分与OCT检查自选参数Avg、Smax、Imax的RNFL厚度也呈中度相关(r=-0.582,P=0.0001;r=-0.504,P=0.0012;r=-0.478,P=0.0024).结论 DDLS分级方法 对PCACG视神经损害的评估与OCT视网膜神经纤维厚度主要检查参数检查具有相关性,DDLS分级方法 适用于PCACG视神经损害的评估.%Objective To evaluate relationships between the results of disc damage likelihood scale (DDLS) and the parameters of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for primary chronic angle-closure glaucoma. Methods Thirty-eight primary chronic angle-closure glaucoma patients (73 eyes) who admited in our department from October 2009 to August 2010 were

  15. Avaliação oftalmológica em pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose Ophthalmological evaluation of patients with AIDS and neurotoxoplasmosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Mary Alves

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Descrever os achados fundoscópicos em pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose em fase ativa. MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvido estudo prospectivo tipo série de casos incluindo 70 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, com idade variando de 20 a 63 anos, internados nas enfermarias de três hospitais públicos da Cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, com diagnósticos de AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose firmados segundo os critérios do Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1992, no período de janeiro a outubro de 2008. Os pacientes se caracterizavam por: primeiro episódio de neurotoxoplasmose (65; 92,9% ou recidiva (5; 7,1%; desconhecimento de ter AIDS (23; 32,9%, contagem média de linfócitos T CD4 de 139,8 ± 3,04 células/mm3 e carga viral média igual a 137.080 ± 39.380 cópias/mL. Todos foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico, consistindo de: inspeção ocular; aferição da acuidade visual; investigação da função muscular extrínseca ocular e fundoscopia, empregando oftalmoscópio indireto binocular (modelo OHN 3.5 (Eyetec® e lente externa de 20 dioptrias (Volk®. RESULTADOS: Os achados consistiram em: exsudatos algodonosos retinianos (8,6%, constricção arteriolar difusa leve (8,6%; lesões de retinocoroidite cicatricial, características de toxoplasmose ocular (5,7%, atrofia do epitélio pigmentar retiniano (2,9%, descolamento da retina (2,9%, aumento de escavação papilar (1,4%, degeneração periférica retiniana (1,4%, macroaneurisma (1,4%, papiledema bilateral (1,4%, tração vítreo-retiniana (1,4%. CONCLUSÕES: Pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose podem apresentar alterações fundoscópicas características da toxoplasmose ocular, na forma ativa ou cicatricial, relacionadas ao HIV ou, ainda, a outras doenças oportunistas ou sistêmicas, podendo ser de grande auxílio num tratamento integral do paciente por uma equipe multiprofissional.INTRODUCTION: To describe fundoscopic findings among patients with AIDS and active

  16. PREFACE: The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellago, Christoph; Kahl, Gerhard; Likos, Christos N.

    2012-07-01

    The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference (LMC8) was held at the Universität Wien from 6-10 September 2011. Initiated in 1990, the conferences of this series cover a broad range of highly interdisciplinary topics, ranging from simple liquids to soft matter and biophysical systems. The vast spectrum of scientific subjects presented and discussed at the LMC8 is reflected in the themes of the ten symposia: Ionic and quantum liquids, liquid metals Water, solutions and reaction dynamics Liquid crystals Polymers, polyelectrolytes, biopolymers Colloids Films, foams, surfactants, emulsions, aerosols Confined fluids, interfacial phenomena Supercooled liquids, glasses, gels Non-equilibrium systems, rheology, nanofluids Biofluids, active matter This special issue contains scientific papers, authored by participants of the LMC8, which provide a cross-section of the scientific activities in current liquid matter science, as discussed at the conference, and demonstrate the scientific as well as methodological progress made in this field over the past couple of years. The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference contents The Eighth Liquid Matter ConferenceChristoph Dellago, Gerhard Kahl and Christos N Likos Comparing light-induced colloidal quasicrystals with different rotational symmetriesMichael Schmiedeberg and Holger Stark Hydrogen bond network relaxation in aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions: the effect of temperatureS Sarti, D Truzzolillo and F Bordi Equilibrium concentration profiles and sedimentation kinetics of colloidal gels under gravitational stressS Buzzaccaro, E Secchi, G Brambilla, R Piazza and L Cipelletti The capillary interaction between two vertical cylindersHimantha Cooray, Pietro Cicuta and Dominic Vella Hydrodynamic and viscoelastic effects in polymer diffusionJ Farago, H Meyer, J Baschnagel and A N Semenov A density-functional theory study of microphase formation in binary Gaussian mixturesM Carta, D Pini, A Parola and L Reatto Microcanonical determination of the

  17. The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellago, Christoph; Kahl, Gerhard; Likos, Christos N

    2012-07-18

    The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference (LMC8) was held at the Universität Wien from 6-10 September 2011. Initiated in 1990, the conferences of this series cover a broad range of highly interdisciplinary topics, ranging from simple liquids to soft matter and biophysical systems. The vast spectrum of scientific subjects presented and discussed at the LMC8 is reflected in the themes of the ten symposia: Ionic and quantum liquids, liquid metals Water, solutions and reaction dynamics Liquid crystals Polymers, polyelectrolytes, biopolymers Colloids Films, foams, surfactants, emulsions, aerosols Confined fluids, interfacial phenomena Supercooled liquids, glasses, gels Non-equilibrium systems, rheology, nanofluids Biofluids, active matter This special issue contains scientific papers, authored by participants of the LMC8, which provide a cross-section of the scientific activities in current liquid matter science, as discussed at the conference, and demonstrate the scientific as well as methodological progress made in this field over the past couple of years. The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference contents The Eighth Liquid Matter ConferenceChristoph Dellago, Gerhard Kahl and Christos N Likos Comparing light-induced colloidal quasicrystals with different rotational symmetriesMichael Schmiedeberg and Holger Stark Hydrogen bond network relaxation in aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions: the effect of temperatureS Sarti, D Truzzolillo and F Bordi Equilibrium concentration profiles and sedimentation kinetics of colloidal gels under gravitational stressS Buzzaccaro, E Secchi, G Brambilla, R Piazza and L Cipelletti The capillary interaction between two vertical cylindersHimantha Cooray, Pietro Cicuta and Dominic Vella Hydrodynamic and viscoelastic effects in polymer diffusionJ Farago, H Meyer, J Baschnagel and A N Semenov A density-functional theory study of microphase formation in binary Gaussian mixturesM Carta, D Pini, A Parola and L Reatto Microcanonical determination of the

  18. Giant Galaxy Messier 87 finally sized up

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    Using ESO's Very Large Telescope, astronomers have succeeded in measuring the size of giant galaxy Messier 87 and were surprised to find that its outer parts have been stripped away by still unknown effects. The galaxy also appears to be on a collision course with another giant galaxy in this very dynamic cluster. ESO PR Photo 19a/09 The Intercluster Light ESO PR Photo 19b/09 Intergalactic Planetary Nebulae ESO PR Photo 19c/09 The Virgo Cluster The new observations reveal that Messier 87's halo of stars has been cut short, with a diameter of about a million light-years, significantly smaller than expected, despite being about three times the extent of the halo surrounding our Milky Way [1]. Beyond this zone only few intergalactic stars are seen. "This is an unexpected result," says co-author Ortwin Gerhard. "Numerical models predict that the halo around Messier 87 should be several times larger than our observations have revealed. Clearly, something must have cut the halo off early on." The team used FLAMES, the super-efficient spectrograph at ESO's Very Large Telescope at the Paranal Observatory in Chile, to make ultra-precise measurements of a host of planetary nebulae in the outskirts of Messier 87 and in the intergalactic space within the Virgo Cluster of galaxies, to which Messier 87 belongs. FLAMES can simultaneously take spectra many sources, spread over an area of the sky about the size of the Moon. The new result is quite an achievement. The observed light from a planetary nebula in the Virgo Cluster is as faint as that from a 30-Watt light bulb at a distance of about 6 million kilometres (about 15 times the Earth-Moon distance). Furthermore, planetary nebulae are thinly spread through the cluster, so even FLAMES's wide field of view could only capture a few tens of nebulae at a time. "It is a little bit like looking for a needle in a haystack, but in the dark", says team member Magda Arnaboldi. "The FLAMES spectrograph on the VLT was the best instrument

  19. Jigsaw Semantics

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    Paul J. E. Dekker

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade the enterprise of formal semantics has been under attack from several philosophical and linguistic perspectives, and it has certainly suffered from its own scattered state, which hosts quite a variety of paradigms which may seem to be incompatible. It will not do to try and answer the arguments of the critics, because the arguments are often well-taken. The negative conclusions, however, I believe are not. The only adequate reply seems to be a constructive one, which puts several pieces of formal semantics, in particular dynamic semantics, together again. In this paper I will try and sketch an overview of tasks, techniques, and results, which serves to at least suggest that it is possible to develop a coherent overall picture of undeniably important and structural phenomena in the interpretation of natural language. The idea is that the concept of meanings as truth conditions after all provides an excellent start for an integrated study of the meaning and use of natural language, and that an extended notion of goal directed pragmatics naturally complements this picture. None of the results reported here are really new, but we think it is important to re-collect them.ReferencesAsher, Nicholas & Lascarides, Alex. 1998. ‘Questions in Dialogue’. Linguistics and Philosophy 23: 237–309.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005364332007Borg, Emma. 2007. ‘Minimalism versus contextualism in semantics’. In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds. ‘Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism’, pp. 339–359. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernest. 1997. ‘On an Alleged Connection between Indirect Quotation and Semantic Theory’. Mind and Language 12: pp. 278–296.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernie. 2005. Insensitive Semantics. Oxford: Blackwell.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470755792Dekker, Paul. 2002. ‘Meaning and Use of Indefinite Expressions’. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11: pp. 141–194

  20. PREFACE: EmQM13: Emergent Quantum Mechanics 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    These proceedings comprise the invited lectures of the second international symposium on Emergent Quantum Mechanics (EmQM13), which was held at the premises of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna, Austria, 3-6 October 2013. The symposium was held at the ''Theatersaal'' of the Academy of Sciences, and was devoted to the open exploration of emergent quantum mechanics, a possible ''deeper level theory'' that interconnects three fields of knowledge: emergence, the quantum, and information. Could there appear a revised image of physical reality from recognizing new links between emergence, the quantum, and information? Could a novel synthesis pave the way towards a 21st century, ''superclassical'' physics? The symposium provided a forum for discussing (i) important obstacles which need to be overcome as well as (ii) promising developments and research opportunities on the way towards emergent quantum mechanics. Contributions were invited that presented current advances in both standard as well as unconventional approaches to quantum mechanics. The EmQM13 symposium was co-organized by Gerhard Grössing (Austrian Institute for Nonlinear Studies (AINS), Vienna), and by Jan Walleczek (Fetzer Franklin Fund, USA, and Phenoscience Laboratories, Berlin). After a very successful first conference on the same topic in 2011, the new partnership between AINS and the Fetzer Franklin Fund in producing the EmQM13 symposium was able to further expand interest in the promise of emergent quantum mechanics. The symposium consisted of two parts, an opening evening addressing the general public, and the scientific program of the conference proper. The opening evening took place at the Great Ceremonial Hall (Grosser Festsaal) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and it presented talks and a panel discussion on ''The Future of Quantum Mechanics'' with three distinguished speakers: Stephen Adler (Princeton), Gerard 't Hooft (Utrecht) and Masanao Ozawa (Nagoya). The articles contained in

  1. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Knappert

    1973-01-01

    . Oxford University Press, London-New York-Toronto-Cape Town, 1971. XII en 300 bladzijden tekst; elke bijdrage voorzien van een lijst van “references”; een bibliografie (blz. 301-332 en een index (blz. 333-340. - Wim van Zanten, Hugo Zemp, Musique Dan - La musique dans la pensée et la vie sociale d’une société africaine. Cahiers de l’Homme, Mouton, Paris 1971. 320 pages, 16 photographs. - Jan Knappert, W.H. Whiteley, Language use and social change, Problems of multilingualism with special reference to Eastern Africa. Published for the International African Institute by Oxford University Press, London 1970. 406 p. - Rudolf van Zantwijk, John L. Gwaltney, The thrice shy: Cultural accomodation to blindness and other disasters in a Mexican community. Columbia University Press, New York, London, 1970. X + 219 p. - Th. J.J. Leyenaar, Carlo T.E. Gay, Xochipala; the beginnings of Olmec Art. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey 1972. 62 pp., 42 ills. - A.J. Bernert Kempers, Dag Strömbäck, Leading folklorists of the North. Biographical studies edited by Dag Strömbäck in collaboration with B. Alver, B. Holbeck and L. Virtanen. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo-Bergen-Tromsö, 1971. 435 blz. - L. Brunt, Hetty Nooy-Palm, Staphorster Volk. Een cultureel antropologische verkenning van een streekdorp. Uitgeverij Boom, Meppel 1971. Voorwoord door de uitgever en Ten Geleide door Sj. Groenman. 240 pp. met bijlagen en foto’s.

  2. Vorromanische, romanische und germanische Wörter im slowenischen alpwesen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilko Novak

    1975-11-01

    Full Text Available Unter den Gebieten der slowenischen Volkskultur, die altertiimliche und bedeutende gemeinsame alpenliindische Eigenheit aufweisen, ist auch das Alpwesen mit seiner Sach- und Gesellschaftskultur. Der Historiker Simon Rutar hat auf friaulische Hirten hingweisen, die bei den Slowenen die Käserei ein­ geflihrt haben. Henrik Tuma wollte in seinen Beschriebungen des Hirtenlebens keine friaulische Einflüsse zuerkennen. Ähnlich auch der Geograph Anton Melik. Der Linguist Ivan Koštiál untersuchte als einziger den slowenischen Molkereiwortschatz und fand darin fünf friaulische Wörter. Der Philologe und Folklorist Ivan Grafenauer untersuchte den Anteil der Welschen - slow. Vlahi -in der slow. Volksüberlieferung und behauptete in seinen Vergleichungen der slowenischen, deutschen und rätoromanischen Volkssagen über den gefangeneri wilden Mann, die die Frage der Käsebereitung in den Ostalpen beleuchten, dass »die Verbindung von den rätisch-alemannischen Fassungen vom wilden Mann, dem Käser, zu den etsprechenden slowenischen. . . über romanisches Gebiet« geht. Und das stimmt ganz mit der südromanischen Nomenklatur der Käsebereitung überein. Vorslowenische Namen einiger Alpen in Slowenien sind: Komna, Krn, Krma, Matajur, Porezen, Trenta ... Vielleicht durch friaulische - wenn nicht schon durch welsche - Vermittlung bekamen ihre dem Ursprung nach zwar vorromanischen Namen die Alpen Tamar und Mali Tamar, besonders aber die Älplergebäude tamar, tamor, tamâra, das zuerst einen umzäunten Übernachtungsplatz, eine Viehhürde oder Pferch bedeutet, später aber auch eine ganz einfache Hütte für die Hirten und das Vieh. Tamáriti bedeutet in Resia: mit der Herde sich von einem Weideplatz auf einen anderen begeben. Im Kanaltale heisst tamar soviel als stan oder bajta, Alphütte. Es werden romanische Paralellen des Wortes angeführt und auf Hubschmieds vorromanische Ethymologie hingewiesen. Einen ähnlichen umzäunten Platz bedeutet médrije, m

  3. Blood on their hands: How heroines in biblical and Apocryphal literature differ from those in ancient literature regarding violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Gallaher Branch

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Deborah and Jael, Esther, and Judith are four biblical and Apocryphal heroines with blood on their hands. Their stories figure in the following passages: Judges 4–5, when Jael killed the Canaanite commander Sisera; Esther 8, when Esther pleaded with Xerxes to allow her people to defend themselves; and Judith 8–16, when Judith devised and fulfilled a plan to assassinate the Assyrian general, Holofernes. These texts exonerate them. A study of selected heroines in mythology and in classical works by Herodotus, Homer and Tacitus reveals interesting comparisons. This article includes character studies of stories about the Amazons, women warriors who mutilated their bodies to better aim a bow; Tomyris, who won a battle against Cyrus and put his head in a sack of human blood; Anchita, a Spartan mother who sanctioned sealing her son alive in the temple of Minerva; and Boadicea, who led a rebellion against Romein which 80 000 Britons perished. The article finds that, in contrast to the women of other cultures, Deborah and Jael, Esther, and Judith responded with violence to crises only when their people were threatened. Their successful actions are limited to the aggressors, within atime limit, and, arguably, tempered with mercy.Met bloed aan die hande: Hoe heldinne uit die bybelse en Apokriewe literatuur verskil van dié uit die klassieke literatuur ten opsigte van geweldpleging. Debora en Jael, Ester, en Judit verteenwoordig vier heldinne uit die Bybelse en Apokriewe literatuur met bloed aan die hande. Hulle verhale word in Rigters 4–5 weergegee, waar Jael vir Sisera, ’n Kanaänitiese kommandant, vermoor het; in Ester 8, waar Ester by Xerxes 1 gepleit het omhaar volk toe te laat om hulleself te verdedig; en in Judit 8–16, waar Judit ’n plan beraam én uitgevoer het om die Assiriese generaal, Holofernes te vermoor. Hulle word egter in hierdie teksgedeeltes onthef van skuld. ’n Studie van heldinne uit die mitologie en die klassieke werke van

  4. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Th. J.J. Leyenaar

    1966-10-01

    , Volk, Cultuur. Het Wereldvenster, Baarn 1964. 221 pp., geïll. - C.J. du Ry, J.M. Guarch, Excavacion en el Caney del Castillo. Dept. de Antropologica, Habana 1964. 32 pp., 9 ills., R. Payares (eds. - A.J. Jawad, Ahmad Hasan Dani, Shahbaz Garhi. Foreword by Mohammad Ali, Vice-Chancellor, University of Peshawar. Peshawar 1964. 28 pp., map, 6 figures, and 7 photographs. - J. Tennekes, J. Boissevain, Saints and fireworks: Religion and politics in rural Malta. Athlone Press, London, 1965. 154 pp., 8 pl. - M. Molendijk, Jan Schaap, Fotoboek Israel. L. Stafleu & Zoon, Leiden. 112 blz., 156 ills., Rense Schaap (eds.

  5. Moses, Elijah, and Jesus: Reflections on the basic structures of the Bible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham van de Beek

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the end of the lives of Moses and Elijah as the representatives of the Torah and the Prophets. Moses was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, and Elijah left it before he was taken up. These events are interpreted as indicating that the Law is not able to bring the people into the Promised Land and that the Prophets cannot keep them there. The end of Moses’ life is also the end of the Torah. The Prophets end with the call for a new Elijah. The Ketubim, as the human response on God’s acting, do not better. The Hebrew Bible ends with the exile. The New Testament begins where the Prophets end: a new Elijah, in the person of John the Baptist. He works at exactly the place where Israel entered the land after Moses’ death and where Elijah left the land. It is a reprise of the fulfilment of the promise. John points to Jesus, who begins his work at this place, not going on dry feet through the Jordan River,but fulfilling all righteousness when drawn into the water of God’s judgement. Then the way to the land is open to Moses and Elijah in the glory of God on the Mount of Transfiguration, when they speak about the exodus of Jesus on the cross. Salvation is not in the law or in conversion but in being baptised into Christ in his death.  Moses, Elia en Jesus: Oorwegings oor die fundamentele strukture van die Bybel. Hierdie artikel gaan oor die einde van die lewes van Moses en Elia as die personifikasies van die Torah en die profete. Moses is verhinder om in die beloofde land in te gaan en Elijah moes dit verlaat voordat hy hemel toe gegaan het. Hierdie gebeurtenisse word so geïnterpreteer dat die Wet die volk nie in die beloofde land kan bring nie, en dat die profete hulle nie daar kan hou nie. Die einde van die lewe van Moses is ook die einde van die Torah. Die profete eindig met die oproep vir ’n nuwe Elia. Die Ketubim as die menslike antwoord op God se dade doen nie beter nie. Die Hebreeuse Bybel eindig in die

  6. [25 years "Anesthesiology and Reanimation"--a historical review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benad, G

    2000-01-01

    from other East European countries. It was included in an international exchange programme of anaesthesiological journals, which was particularly helpful for East German anaesthetists because they could not subscribe to West German, West European or American journals due to a lack of hard currency. The international exchange of the journal led to an increasing number of authors from West Germany and other West European countries and even from the USA and Canada who published papers in "Anaesthesiology und Reanimation". The "silent revolution" in 1989 brought new problems. The journal was primarily an organ of the "Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy of the GDR", but with the end of the GDR, this society was dissolved on 23rd October 1990. Fortunately, "Anaesthesiologie und Reanimation" was taken over by the "German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Medicine" as an organ of this society, in which the former members of the East German society were gathered. The next problem was that the publisher "VEB Verlag Volk und Gesundheit", Berlin and "Verlag Gesundheit GmbH", Berlin respectively ceased to exist in 1992 and we had to look for another publisher. We were very happy that "Selecta Verlagsgesellschaft mbH", Munich, later Wiesbaden, was interested in this journal and took it on in the same year and has now published it since that time with a circulation of 1,000 copies. The chequered history of "Anaesthesiology und Reanimation", the subtitle of which has been changed to "Journal of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Therapy, Emergency Medicine and Pain Therapy" in 1991, clearly shows, on the one hand, the difficult political circumstances under which the development of anaesthesiology took place in East Germany, and demonstrates, on the other, the special problems of the foundation of a medical journal under socialist conditions with which the editorial board in general and the editor-in-chief in particular were confronted and how they tried to overcome the

  7. Effects of decreased inhibition on synaptic plasticity and dendritic morphology in the juvenile prefrontal cortex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xanthippi Konstantoudaki

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Excitation-inhibition balance is critical for maintaining proper functioning of the cerebral cortex, as evident from electrophysiological and modeling studies, and it is also important for animal behavior (Yizhar et al., 2011. In the cerebral cortex, excitation is provided by glutamate release from pyramidal neurons, while inhibition is provided by GABA release from several types of interneurons. Many neuropsychiatric disorders, such as epilepsy, anxiety, schizophrenia and autism exhibit an imbalance between the excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms of cortical circuits within key brain regions as prefrontal cortex or hippocampus, primarily through dysfunctions in the inhibitory system (Lewis, Volk, & Hashimoto, 2003; Marín, 2012 Given the significant role of GABAergic inhibition in shaping proper function of the cerebral cortex, we used a mouse model of developmentally decreased GABAergic inhibition in order to examine its effects in network properties, namely basal synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity and dendritic morphology of pyramidal neurons. For our study, we used mice (postnatal day 20-30 in which the Rac1 protein was deleted from Nkx2.1-expressing neurons (Vidaki et al., 2012, (Rac1fl/flNkx2.1 +/cre referred as Rac1 KO mice, and heterozygous (Rac1+/flNkx2.1 +/cre or control (Rac1+/flNkx2.1 +/+ mice. The specific ablation of Rac1 protein from NKx2.1-expressing MGE-derived progenitors leads to a perturbation of their cell cycle exit resulting in decreased number of interneurons in the cortex(Vidaki et al, 2012. We prepared brain slices from the prefrontal cortex and recorded field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs from layer II neurons while stimulating axons in layer II. We find that the evoked fEPSPs are decreased in Rac1 KO mice compared to Rac1 heterozygous or control mice. This could suggest that the decreased GABAergic inhibition causes network alterations that result in reduced glutamatergic function. Furthermore

  8. Plasma-induced Escape and Alterations of Planetary Atmospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R. E.; Tucker, O. J.; Ewrin, J.; Cassidy, T. A.; Leblanc, F.

    2009-12-01

    The atmospheres of planets and planetary satellites are typically imbedded in space plasmas. Depending on the interaction with the induced or intrinsic fields energetic ions can have access to the thermosphere and the corona affecting their composition and thermal structure and causing loss to space. These processes are often lumped together as ‘atmospheric sputtering’ (Johnson 1994). In this talk I will review the results of simulations of the plasma bombardment at a number of solar system bodies and use those data to describe the effect on the upper atmosphere and on escape. Of considerable recent interest is the modeling of escape from Titan. Prior to Cassini’s tour of the Saturnian system, plasma-induced escape was suggested to be the dominant loss process, but recent models of enhanced thermal escape, often referred to as ‘slow hydrodynamic’ escape, have been suggested to lead to much larger Titan atmospheric loss rates (Strobel 2008; Cui et al. 2008). Such a process has been suggested to be active at some point in time on a number of solar system bodies. I will present hybrid fluid/ kinetic models of the upper atmosphere of certain bodies in order to test both the plasma-induced and thermal escape processes. Preliminary results suggest that the loss rates estimated using the ‘slow hydrodynamic’ escape process can be orders of magnitude too large. The implications for Mars, Titan and Pluto will be discussed. Background for this talk is contained in the following papers (Johnson 2004; 2009; Chaufray et al. 2007; Johnson et al. 2008; 2009; Tucker and Johnson 2009). References: Chaufray, J.Y., R. Modolo, F. Leblanc, G. Chanteur, R.E. Johnson, and J.G. Luhmann, Mars Solar Wind interaction: formation of the Martian corona and atmosphric loss to space, JGR 112, E09009, doi:10.1029/2007JE002915 (2007) Cui, J., Yelle, R. V., Volk, K. Distribution and escape of molecular hydrogen in Titan's thermosphere and exosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 113, doi:10

  9. Computer Spectrometers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dattani, Nikesh S.

    2017-06-01

    Ideally, the cataloguing of spectroscopic linelists would not demand laborious and expensive experiments. Whatever an experiment might achieve, the same information would be attainable by running a calculation on a computer. Kolos and Wolniewicz were the first to demonstrate that calculations on a computer can outperform even the most sophisticated molecular spectroscopic experiments of the time, when their 1964 calculations of the dissociation energies of H_2 and D_{2} were found to be more than 1 cm^{-1} larger than the best experiments by Gerhard Herzberg, suggesting the experiment violated a strict variational principle. As explained in his Nobel Lecture, it took 5 more years for Herzberg to perform an experiment which caught up to the accuracy of the 1964 calculations. Today, numerical solutions to the Schrödinger equation, supplemented with relativistic and higher-order quantum electrodynamics (QED) corrections can provide ro-vibrational spectra for molecules that we strongly believe to be correct, even in the absence of experimental data. Why do we believe these calculated spectra are correct if we do not have experiments against which to test them? All evidence seen so far suggests that corrections due to gravity or other forces are not needed for a computer simulated QED spectrum of ro-vibrational energy transitions to be correct at the precision of typical spectrometers. Therefore a computer-generated spectrum can be considered to be as good as one coming from a more conventional spectrometer, and this has been shown to be true not just for the H_2 energies back in 1964, but now also for several other molecules. So are we at the stage where we can launch an array of calculations, each with just the atomic number changed in the input file, to reproduce the NIST energy level databases? Not quite. But I will show that for the 6e^- molecule Li_2, we have reproduced the vibrational spacings to within 0.001 cm^{-1} of the experimental spectrum, and I will

  10. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tony Day and Maya H.T. Liem (eds, Cultures at war: The Cold War and cultural expression in Southeast Asia (Manneke Budiman Fox, Richard, Critical reflections on religion and media in contemporary Bali (Martin Ramstedt Faisal S. Hazis, Domination and contestation: Muslim bumiputera politics in Sarawak (Gerhard Hoffstaedter Liesbeth Hesselink, Healers on the colonial market: Native doctors and midwivesin the Dutch East Indies (Leo van Bergen May Ingawanij and Benjamin McKay (eds, Glimpses of freedom: Independent cinema in Southeast Asia (Katinka van Heeren Laura Jarnagin (ed., The making of the Luso-Asian world: Intricacies of engagement (Hans Hägerdal J.J.P. de Jong, Avondschot: Hoe Nederland zich terugtrok uit zijn Aziatisch imperium (William H. Frederick Eben Kirksey, Freedom in entangled worlds: West Papua and the architecture of global power (Pieter Drooglever Lev, Daniel S., No concessions: The life of Yap Thiam Hien, Indonesian human rights lawyer (Gerry van Klinken Rémy Madinier, L’Indonésie, entre démocratie musulmane et Islam intégral: Histoire du parti Masjumi (1945-1960 (Chiara Formichi Rod Nixon, Justice and governance in East Timor: Indigenous approaches and the ‘New Subsistence State’ (Hans Hägerdal Philippe M.F. Peycam, The birth of Vietnamese political journalism: Saïgon 1916-1930 (Pierre Brocheux Harry Poeze, Madiun 1948: PKI bergerak (Avsi Warman Adam Ronit Ricci, Islam translated: Literature, conversion, and the Arabic cosmopolis of South and Southeast Asia (William Cummings Sokhieng Au, Mixed medicines: Health and culture in French colonial Cambodia (Leo van Bergen Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian, Palace, political party and power: A story of the sociopolitical development of Malay Kingship (A.J. Stockwell G. Teitler, Op het koloniale oorlogspad; De strijd tegen Moslim-fundamentalisten ter Westkust van Sumatra (1817-1838, vergeleken met de Russische verovering van Tjetsjenië en Dagestan (1817-1859 (Joshua Gedacht Gerard

  11. Silent myocardial infarction in women with type II diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmir Omerovic

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Elmir Omerovic, Gerhard Brohall, Markus Müller, Truls Råmunddal, Göran Matejka, Finn Waagstein, Björn FagerbergThe Wallenburg Laboratory at Sahlgrenska Academy, Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg University, 413 45, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Cardiology and Department of Radiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, SwedenIntroduction: The aim of this study was to investigate whether asymptomatic women with diabetes mellitus (DM without previous history of ischemic heart disease (IHD and normal electrocardiogram (ECG have suffered silent myocardial infarction (MI.Methods: The study population consisted of 64-years old women with DM and albuminuria (n = 15 and aged- and body mass index-matched controls (n = 16. The patients were selected after screening of 240 women with previously known or unknown DM. The individuals with previous history of IHD and ECG suggesting the presence of IHD were excluded. All subjects were investigated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI.Results: MRI investigation has revealed the presence of subendocardial MI in the two DM women (13%. No MI was detected in the control group. MR coronary angiography detected the presence of significant stenosis in the proximal segment of left anterior descending (LAD coronary artery in one DM woman. This patient developed unstable angina 1 week after the MRI investigation. The conventional angiography has confirmed the presence of significant stenosis in LAD demanding invasive revascularization by percutaneous coronary angioplasty. No difference was found in indices of left ventricular (LV systolic function while diastolic function was disturbed in the DM group. There was a tendency for increased LV mass in the DM group. No difference was found in the LV volumes.Conclusion: Clinically significant proportion of the women with DM and albuminuria without previous history of IHD have had silent MI. MRI screening of these high risk

  12. Highlights of Astronomy, Vol. 15

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbett, Ian

    2010-11-01

    Preface; Part I. Gruber Cosmology Prize Lecture; Part II. Invited Discourses; Part III. Joint Discussions: 1. Dark matter in early-type galaxies Léon V. E. Koopmans and Tommaso Treu; 2. Diffuse light in galaxy clusters Magda Arnaboldi and Ortwin Gerhard; 3. Neutron stars - timing in extreme environments Tomaso Belloni, Mariano Méndez and Chengmin Zhang; 4. Progress in understanding the physics of Ap and related stars Margarida Cunha; 5. Modelling the Milky Way in the age of Gaia Annie C. Robin; 6. Time and astronomy Pascale Defraigne; 7. Astrophysical outflows and associated accretion phenomena Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino and Alex C. Raga; 8. Hot interstellar matter in elliptical galaxies Dong-Woo Kim and Silvia Pellegrini; 9. Are the fundamental constants varying with time? Paolo Molaro and Elisabeth Vangioni; 10. 3D views on cool stellar atmospheres - theory meets observation K. N. Nagendra, P. Bonifacio and H. G. Ludwig; 11. New advances in helio- and astero-seismology; 12. The first galaxies - theoretical predictions and observational clues; 13. Eta Carinae in the context of the most massive stars Theodore R. Gull and Augusto Damineli; 14. The ISM of galaxies in the far-infrared and sub-millimetre; 15. Magnetic fields in diffuse media Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino and Alex Lazarian; 16. IHY global campaign - whole heliosphere interval; Part IV. Special Sessions: SpS 1. IR and sub-mm spectroscopy - a new tool for studying stellar evolution Glenn Wahlgren, Hans Käufl and Florian Kerber; SpS 2. The international year of astronomy Pedro Russo, Catherine Cesarsky and Lars Lindberg Christensen; SpS 3. Astronomy in Antarctica in 2009 Michael G. Burton; SpS 4. Astronomy education between past and future J. P. De Greve; SpS 5. Accelerating the rate of astronomical discovery Ray P. Norris; SpS 6. Planetary systems as potential sites for life Régis Courtin, Alan Boss and Michel Mayor; SpS 7. Young stars, brown dwarfs, and protoplanetary disks Jane Gregorio

  13. 甘岑后继式演算系统与其自然演绎系统的比较%Comparative Analysis to Gentzen’s Subsequent Calculus System and Natural Deduction System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董文媛

    2016-01-01

    Gerhard Gentzen’s inaugural dissertation for the University of Göttingen, Investigations into Logical Deduction(Untersuchungen über das Logische Schliessen ), in which he developed two forms of logic deduction, the natural deduction and subsequent calculus. Gentzen introduced his work by starting first from a natural deduction, which is closing to the the actual reasoning in mathematical proofs, and by then transforming it to a subsequent calculus, in which Gentzen gave a proof of the consistency of this system. Gentzen present his thought of logic deduction in this paper, and made a deeper work on the logic calculus. Gentzen’s thought of logic deduction is the milestone in the history of logic, and the study on his theory still has has great theoretical value and significance.This paper briefly describes the structure of Gentzen’s subsequent calculus’system,furthermore, the author makes a comparative analysis to subsequent calculus and natural deduction.%《逻辑演绎研究》(“Untersuchungen über das Logische Schliessen”)是甘岑提交哥廷根大学的就职论文,文中甘岑提出了两种逻辑演算系统,即“自然演绎”和“后继式演算”系统。从自然演绎开始甘岑尝试构造一个接近数学实际推理的逻辑演算,而后针对自然演绎系统的不足进行了转化和改进,构造了后继式演算系统,并证明了该逻辑演算系统的合理性。甘岑的逻辑演绎思想在逻辑史上具有十分重要的地位,对现代逻辑和证明论的发展具有深远的影响。

  14. 38. Annual meeting of GUS 2009 on detection, simulation and evaluation of environmental impacts; 38. Jahrestagung der GUS 2009 Umwelteinfluesse erfassen, simulieren, bewerten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziegahn, Karl-Friedrich (ed.)

    2009-07-01

    Within the 38th annual meeting of the Gesellschaft fuer Umweltsimulation e.V. (Pfinztal, Federal Republic of Germany) between 18th and 20th March, 2009, in Stutensee-Blankenloch near Karlsruhe (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (a) Interactions with the environment - 40 years of Gesellschaft fuer Umweltsimulation (K.-F. Ziegahn); (b) Is a virtual qualification of products for plastic components possible? Status report from the joint research project ViPQuali (T. Reichert et al.); (c) Investigation of loading scenarios of polymer solar collectors by means of FEM simulation (S. Jack, M. Koehl, K.-A. Weiss); (d) Systematization of aging processes at the weathering of polymer materials (P. Trubiroha); (e) The practical value of correlation coefficients (A. Geburtig, V. Wachtendorf); (f) Strategies for reduction of time in the environmental simulation and concepts for an accelerated aging (U. Braunmiller), (g) Material moisture und its evaluation - the new KIT competency centre for material moisture (CMM) is presented (A. Enbrecht et al.); (h) Computer-aided simulation of vibration tests and vibration test plants (A. Balger et al.); (i) Pyroshock teststand - Experiences and new insights (A. Baeger, B. Dahlenburg); (j) The repetitive shock test for intermediate bulk container (IBC) (M. Schurig, C. Klinger); (k) Force notching - Experiences from one decade of method development (M. rose, S. Ritzmann); (l) Development and construction of an autark RF module for the operation of sensors on rotating horizontal axis systems by means of energy harvesting (N. Klohr); (m) Reliable and robust products with HALT (W. Hauger); (n) The new air conditioning-refrigeration centre of Volkswagen AG in Wolfsburg - Planning, construction and operation of the hall 68 (G. Aust, J. Twardon, U. Gerhards); (o) Impact of particles - Qualification of products by means of dust testing (U. Teipel et al.); (p) Determination of the size of droplets and aerosols by means

  15. In-Situ Sampling and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Marine Methane Hydrate Using the D/V JOIDES Resolution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rack, Frank

    2003-06-30

    The primary accomplishments of the JOI Cooperative Agreement with DOE/NETL in this quarter were that: (1) Frank Rack, Anne Trehu, and Tim Collett presented preliminary results and operational outcomes of ODP Leg 204 at the American Association of Petroleum Geologists annual meeting in Salt Lake City, UT; (2) several Leg 204 scientists participated in special hydrate sessions at the international EGS/AGU/EUG meeting in Nice, France and presented initial science results from the cruise, which included outcomes arising from this cooperative agreement; and, (3) postcruise evaluation of the data, tools and measurement systems that were used during ODP Leg 204 continued in the preparation of deliverables under this agreement. At the EGS/EUG/AGU meeting in Nice, France in April, Leg 204 Co-chiefs Anne Trehu and Gerhard Bohrmann, as well as ODP scientists Charlie Paull, Erwin Suess, and Jim Kennett, participated in a press conference on hydrates. The well-attended press conference entitled ''Gas Hydrates: Free methane found and controversy over the 'hydrate gun''' led to stories in Nature on-line and BBC radio, among others. There were six (6) oral and fifteen (15) poster presentations on ODP Leg 204 hydrate science at the EGS/AGU/EUG Meeting in Nice, France on April 6-11, 2003. This was a very strong showing at a meeting just over six month following the completion of the drilling cruise and highlighted many of the results of the leg, including the results obtained with instruments and equipment funded under this cooperative agreement. At the AAPG annual meeting in Salt Lake City, UT on May 11-14, 2003, Anne Trehu gave an oral presentation about the scientific results of Leg 204, and Frank Rack presented a poster outlining the operational and technical accomplishments. Work continued on analyzing data collected during ODP Leg 204 and preparing reports on the outcomes of Phase 1 projects as well as developing plans for Phase 2.

  16. EDITORIAL: Computational materials science Computational materials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahl, Gerhard; Kresse, Georg

    2011-10-01

    Ferenc Iglói Ordering effects in disordered systems: the Au-Si systemN Jakse, T L T Nguyen and A Pasturel On the stability of Archimedean tilings formed by patchy particlesMoritz Antlanger, Günther Doppelbauer and Gerhard Kahl

  17. Update on treatment of partial onset epilepsy: role of eslicarbazepine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Rauchenzauner

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Markus Rauchenzauner1,2, Gerhard Luef31Department of Pediatrics IV, Medical University Innsbruck, Austria; 2Neuropediatric Department, Schön Klinik Vogtareuth, Vogtareuth, Germany; 3Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, AustriaAbstract: Partial epilepsy comprises simple partial seizures, complex partial seizures, and secondarily generalized seizures, and covers more than 60% of patients with epilepsy. Antiepileptic drugs are generally considered to be the major therapeutic intervention for epilepsy but, despite a broad range of commonly used antiepileptic drugs, approximately 30% of adult patients and approximately 25% of children with epilepsy have inadequate seizure control. Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL is a novel voltage-gated sodium channel-blocking agent with presumed good safety and efficacy for adjunctive treatment of patients with drug-resistant partial epilepsy. ESL is a prodrug of eslicarbazepine (the active entity responsible for pharmacologic effects, and is rapidly and extensively hydrolyzed during first pass by liver esterases after oral administration. The half-life of eslicarbazepine at steady-state plasma concentrations is 20–24 hours, compatible with once-daily administration. ESL 800 mg and 1200 mg significantly reduces seizure frequency and shows a favorable safety profile in adult patients with drug-resistant partial-onset seizures, as demonstrated in previous Phase II and III trials. In children, ESL showed a clear dose-dependent decrease in seizure frequency with good tolerability. The most commonly reported adverse events associated with ESL are dizziness, somnolence, nausea, diplopia, headache, vomiting, blurred vision, vertigo, and fatigue. In conclusion, these characteristics suggest that ESL might be a valid and well tolerated treatment option for patients with drug-resistant partial-onset epilepsy. The convenience of once-daily dosing and a short, simple titration regimen would be of special

  18. Review of COSPAR Mars Special Regions Parameter Definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockell, Charles; Kminek, Gerhard; Perfumo, Amedea; Kelly, Laura

    Review of COSPAR Mars Special Regions Parameter Definition Charles S. Cockell (??), Ger-hard Kminek (??), Amedea Perfumo (??), Laura Kelly (??) 1. Planetary and Space Sciences Research Institute, Open University, CityplaceMilton Keynes, country-regionU.K. 2. ESA-ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 Noordwijk, Netherlands. A Mars special region is a `region within which terrestrial organisms are likely to propagate, or a region which is interpreted to have a high potential for the existence of extant martian life forms'. We are undertaking a review of the parameter space that defines a special region. We agree, consistent with the COSPAR Mars Special Regions Colloquium held in Rome in 2007, that any region experiencing temperatures > -25°C for a few hours a year and a water activity > 0.5 can potentially allow the replication of terrestrial microorganisms. However, with respect to the role of salts in defining a special region, recent research shows that water activity per se may not be the limiting factor for life in extremely arid environments (??). Chaotropic salts (those which have a tendency to destabilize macromolecules), such as MgCl2 and CaCl2, may exert a more important influence on the survival of microorganisms in very arid environments. Given the unlikelihood of high concentrations of kosmotropic (stabilizing) substances, such as sugars, many Martian environments, particularly ancient sedimentary deposits, may turn out to be places where chaotropic characteristics of salts will be a more important factor for biological macromolecules than water activity, although water activity still remains an important metric in defining biological activity. Even with the presence of transient liquid water, chaotropic salts may still act to limit the growth and reproduction of life. Chaotropism needs to be assessed for a range of new salts in relation to different microorganisms and in relation to the predicted salt composition of Martian surface (including evaporitic

  19. New Developments in Contaminant Remediation by Smoldering Combustion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerhard, J.; Torero, J. L.; Major, D.; Grant, G.; Scholes, G.; Pironi, P.; Hasan, T.; Salman, M.

    2012-12-01

    In 2006 a new concept for the remediation of soils contaminated with non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) was introduced (Gerhard et al., 2006, AGU Fall Meeting, H24A-01 INVITED). Proof of concept experiments had demonstrated that organic liquids, such as coal tar, could be destroyed via self-sustaining smoldering. Smoldering is an exothermic oxidation reaction in which organic material is converted primarily to energy, water, and carbon dioxide. Unlike flaming combustion, it is a surface reaction and the process is self-sustaining because the process provides (and the system retains) sufficient energy to propagate itself following a one-time, local ignition event (charcoal smoldering in a barbeque is a common example). The technique is promising for the effective destruction of NAPL-contaminated soil in a manner that is cost effective, low energy, and rapid. This presentation will provide an overview of the active and diverse research program underway since the initial proof of concept. More than 80 column experiments have revealed how the rate of destruction can be controlled by the air flux provided and the sensitivity to key parameters including mean grain size, NAPL type, NAPL saturation, and water content. Studies on field soils received from more than 12 sites on 4 continents revealed that the process was robust across a wide range of soils, contaminants and contaminant concentrations. Two-dimensional experiments have revealed the differences between vertical and lateral propagation of a smoldering front and these results have been employed to provide confidence in a numerical model of the process that accounts for heterogeneity of soil properties. Pilot tests undertaken for the in situ treatment of coal tar below the water table at a former chemical manufacturing facility demonstrated self-sustaining NAPL destruction rates of more than 800 kg/day and propagation rates of more than 1.5 m/day. Pilot testing is also underway with an ex situ reactor for the

  20. Validity of subjective smoking status in orthopedic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bender D

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Daniel Bender,* Patrick Haubruck,* Sonja Boxriker, Sebastian Korff, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Arash Moghaddam Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Center for Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: In this level 1 diagnostic study, we analyzed the validity of subjective smoking status and, as secondary research question, the smoking cessation adherence in orthopedic patients during a routine hospital stay of nonunion patients by measuring serum cotinine.  Methods: We included patients undergoing revision surgery due to nonunion of long bones. Patients were interviewed about their smoking status. Blood samples were taken from all the patients prior to surgery and for an additional 6 weeks following surgery. Serum levels of cotinine were measured, and coherence between subjective smoking status and objective cotinine analysis was evaluated.  Results: Between March 2012 and August 2014, we enrolled 136 patients. Six of the 26 “previous smokers” (23% and four of the 65 “nonsmokers” (6% had serum cotinine above cutoff levels. In self-labeled smokers, serum cotinine levels averaged at 2,367.4±14,885.9 ng/mL (with a median of 100 ng/mL, whereas in previous smokers the levels averaged at 4,270±19,619.4 ng/mL (with a median of 0 ng/mL and in the nonsmokers group the levels averaged at 12±53.9 ng/mL (with a median of 0.03 ng/mL. Overall, the subjective smoking status matched serum cotinine testing in 88% of the cases. Sensitivity was 79.6% and specificity was 93.1%. Ninety-one percent of the patients with preoperative positive serum values were still positive at follow-up.  Conclusion: In this study, we could show that subjective smoking status in orthopedic patients is predominantly reliable as validated by objective cotinine measurements; however, patients who declare themselves as “previous smokers” are at elevated risk

  1. Vegetation and land carbon feedbacks in the high-resolution transient Holocene simulations using the MPI Earth system model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brovkin, Victor; Lorenz, Stephan; Raddatz, Thomas

    2017-04-01

    üger1, Roberta D'agostino1, Anne Dallmeyer1, Sabine Egerer1, Vivienne Groner1, Matthias Heinze1, Tatiana Ilyina1, Johann Jungclaus1, Thomas Kleinen1, Alexander Lemburg1, Stephan Lorenz1, Thomas Raddatz1, Hauke Schmidt1, Gerhard Schmiedl3, Bjorn Stevens1, Claudia Timmreck1, Matthew Toohey4 1Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, D 2Wageningen University, NL 3CEN, Universität Hamburg, D 4GEOMAR Helmholtz Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel, D

  2. Practice of the utilization of biomass from waste materials; Praxis der Verwertung von Biomasse aus Abfaellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiemer, Klaus; Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas (eds.)

    2010-07-01

    Within the 4th Witzenhaeuser Biomass Conference from 10th to 11th November, 2010, in Witzenhausen (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Consequences of the amendment of the law of life-cycle management and biological waste regulations for the practice of acquisition and utilization of biological wastes (Claus-Gerhard Bergs); (2) An eco-efficient handling with biological wastes and composting wastes (Siegfried Kreibe); (3) Perspectives of the biological waste management (Michael Kern); (4) Assessment of waste biogas plants by environmental verifiers - implementation of the EEG novella (Michael Hub); (5) Fermentation of biogenic residuals - State of the art and perspectives (David Wilken); (6) Energy from cultivation masses and waste biomasses - Perspectives for Europe (Katja Bunzel); (7) Optimization of a biogas plant in practical operation (Michael Buchheit); (8) Odour situation and germ situation before and after an integration of a biogas plant in a composite system (Juergen Roth); (9) Aspects of immission protection rights according to the requirements on the permission and operation of biogas plants (Norbert Suritsch); (10) Actual veterinary regulatory, fertilizer regulatory and waste regulatory requirements on the treatment and utilization of fermentation products (Andreas Kirsch); (11) Utilization of fermentation residues from biological waste: Basic conditions and technology of processing (Thomas Raussen); (12) Practical experiences and new developments using selected examples: Pohlsche Heide, Baar (Switzerland) and Cesena (Italy) (Peter Lutz); (13) New facility concepts of dry fermentation in Lohfelden and Uelzen (Gunnar Ziehmann); (14) New facility concepts of plug flow fermentation (Michael Oertig); (15) Further development of the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} systems (Sandra Striewski); (16) Optimization of the gas yield and reduction of disruptive substances in the processing of biological wastes for the wet fermentation

  3. Möhnite, (NH4)K2Na(SO4)2, a new guano mineral from Pabellón de Pica, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chukanov, Nikita V.; Aksenov, Sergey M.; Rastsvetaeva, Ramiza K.; Pekov, Igor V.; Belakovskiy, Dmitry I.; Britvin, Sergey N.

    2015-10-01

    The new mineral möhnite, ideally (NH4)K2Na(SO4)2, the ammonium analogue of aphthitalite, is found in a guano deposit on the Pabellón de Pica mountain, near Chanabaya, Iquique Province, Tarapacá Region, Chile. It is associated with salammoniac, halite, joanneumite, natroxalate, nitratine, chanabayaite, and a clay mineral. Möhnite occurs as random aggregates and clusters of brown imperfect bipyramidal or spindle-shaped crystals. The mineral is brittle, with Mohs' hardness of 3; Dmeas is 2.4(1) g/cm3 and Dcalc is 2.461 g/cm3. The IR spectrum shows the presence of NH4 + cations (the bands at 1431, 3076 and 3240 cm-1). Möhnite is almost isotropic, optically neutral; ɛ = ω = 1.505(2). The chemical composition (electron-microprobe data, N determined by gas chromatography of products of ignition, H calculated by stoichiometry, wt%) is: (NH4)2O 7.99, Na2O 9.49, K2O 32.34, SO3 51.32, total 101.14. The empirical formula is (NH4)0.95Na0.95 K2.14S1.99O8. The crystal structure was solved and refined to R = 0.049 based on 241 unique reflections with I > 2σ( I). Möhnite is trigonal, space group P m1, a = 5.7402(3) Å, c = 7.435(1) Å, V = 212.16(4) Å3, Z = 1. The strongest reflections of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [ d, Å ( I,%) ( hkl)] are: 4.955 (27) (100), 4.122 (37) (101, 011), 3.708 (29) (002), 2.969 (74) (102, 012), 2.861 (100) (110), 2.474 (20) (003), 2.060 (33) (022). The mineral is named in honour of the German amateur mineralogist Gerhard Möhn (born 1959).

  4. Performance of On-line Measurements of The Global Distribution of Humidity In The Free Troposphere (0-13 Km Altitude)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helten, M.; Smit, H. G. J.; Sträter, W.; Kley, D.; Spelten, N.; Schiller, C.

    Better knowledge of the water vapor distribution would enhance the reliability and evidence of prognostic model simulations of chemistry, weather and climate of the atmosphere considerably (eg. IPCC-report, 2001), particularly in the middle/upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. Only few water vapor measurements of sufficient quality in this regions of the atmosphere have been reported (Kley and Russell, 1999). The EC-programme MOZAIC has shown that in-service aircraft are an ideal platform for continuous and accurate measurements (Helten et al, 1998). In the frame of the German AFO-2000 research programme a stand alone humidity measuring system is under development, small, light weighted quasi maintenance-free on one hand and re- liable, precise, and accurate on the other, with emphasis on quality assurance of the measured data. An important aim will be to achieve on-line access of the measured data for weather services, to support meteorological synoptic and weather forecasting. Results of in-flight performance tests obtained from several flights onboard a research aircraft during SPURT campaigns, where a Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometer was used as a reference instrument (Zöger et al., 1999), will be presented and discussed. References: Helten, M., H. G. J. Smit, W. Sträter, D. Kley, P. Ned- elec, M. Zöger, R. Busen, Calibration and performance of automatic compact instru- mentation for the measurement of relative humidity from passenger aircraft, J. Geo- phys. Res., 103, 25,643-25,652, 1998. IPPC (=Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), Third Assessment Report - Climate Change 2001 : The Scientific Basis, Cambridge University Press, 2001 Kley, D., and J.R. Russell III, Plan for the SPARC Water Vapour Assessment (WAVAS), SPARC Newsletter, 13, 5-8,1999. Zöger, M., A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D.S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F Tuijter, T. Woyke, C. Schiller, Fast in situ stratospheric hygrom- eters: A

  5. Patients’ safety: is there a systemic release of gentamicin by gentamicin-coated tibia nails in clinical use?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moghaddam A

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Arash Moghaddam,1 Viola Graeser,1 Fabian Westhauser,1 Ulrike Dapunt,1 Till Kamradt,1 Stefan M Woerner,2 Gerhard Schmidmaier1 1HTRG – Heidelberg Traume Research Group Center for Orthopedics, Trauma and Spinal Cord Injury, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany Introduction: Osteitis is one of the most serious complications in orthopedic surgery. Expert Tibia Nail (ETN PROtect™ coated with a biodegradable layer of gentamicin-laden polymer was developed for prophylaxis of osteomyelitis. In systemic administration, gentamicin has only a small therapeutic index and serious side effects; it is potentially nephrotoxic as well as ototoxic. It is not yet known if relevant gentamicin concentrations are released into the systemic circulation after implantation of gentamicin-coated nails. In order to evaluate the patients’ risks profiles and increase patient safety, we measured gentamicin levels in pre- and postoperative serum samples of patients undergoing implantation of ETN PROtect.Methods: Twenty-five patients who received ETN PROtect between March 2012 and August 2014 were included in this study. Collection of blood samples occurred before the operation, at weeks 1–4, 3 and 6 months, and up to 1 year after the implantation. Measurement of gentamicin levels in serum samples was performed at the central laboratory of Heidelberg University Hospital. Additionally, laboratory parameters, C-reactive protein, leukocyte number, urea and creatinine concentrations were analyzed in routine controls before and after operating and assessed for systemic side effects.Results: Over the course of this prospective observational study, we were able to determine that gentamicin-coated nails do not release gentamicin into the systemic circulation above the lowest detectable level of 0.2 mg/dL. There were slight increases in the mean

  6. Nanostructured carbide catalysts for the hydrogen economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ram Seshadri, Susannah Scott, Juergen Eckert

    2008-07-21

    The above quote, taken from the executive summary of the Report from the US DOE Basic Energy Sciences Workshop held August 6–8, 2007,[1] places in context the research carried out at the University of California, Santa Barbara, which is reported in this document. The enormous impact of heterogeneous catalysis is exemplified by the Haber process for the synthesis of ammonia, which consumes a few % of the world’s energy supply and natural gas, and feeds as many as a third of the world’s population. While there have been numerous advances in understanding the process,[2] culminating in the awarding of the Nobel Prize to Gerhard Ertl in 2007, it is interesting to note that the catalysts themselves have changed very little since they were discovered heuristically in the the early part of the 20th century. The thesis of this report is that modern materials chemistry, with all the empirical knowledge of solid state chemistry, combined with cutting edge structural tools, can help develop and better heterogeneous catalysis. The first part of this report describes research in the area of early transition metal carbides (notably of Mo and W), potentially useful catalysts for water gas shift (WGS) and related reactions of use to the hydrogen economy. Although these carbides have been known to be catalytically useful since the 1970s,[3] further use of these relatively inexpensive materials have been plagued by issues of low surface areas and ill-defined, and often unreactive surfaces, in conjunction with deactivation. We have employed for the first time, a combination of constant-wavelength and time-of-flight neutron scattering, including a total scattering analysis of the latter data, to better understand what happens in these materials, in a manner that for the first time, reveals surface graphitic carbon in these materials in a quantitative manner. Problems of preparation, surface stability, and irreversible reactivity have become manifest in this class of materials

  7. OBITUARY Chris Beling, 1955-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, P. G.

    2011-01-01

    deep-level transient spectroscopy [7]. Chris was characteristically interested in all aspects of the research in which he was engaged, and invested much effort in developing theoretical models and data handling [8]. Chris published over 200 journal papers and 75 conference contributions; almost two-thirds of his publications deal with investigations and complex characterisation of semiconductors, mostly combining the results of many different techniques. 15% of his papers were concerned with the building, development and use of a mono-energetic positron beam and other spectroscopies at HKU, and almost 20% involved numerical modelling of experimental data and theoretical studies. A fruitful collaboration involving positron research of semiconductors was promoted by Chris during ICPA-10 in Beijing in 1994, between the HKU positron group and that of Gerhard Brauer at FZ Dresden-Rossendorf. In recent years this has primarily involved Chris's former student Francis Ling, now an associate professor at HKU. Gerhard comments that 'it has always been a great pleasure to meet Chris at Hong Kong for a scientific discussion, or privately with him and members of his family. I shall miss him as a colleague and friend.' Professor Fuchun Zhang, Head of Physics at HKU, writes that, together with Prof. Steve Fung, Chris educated several dozen graduate students, and that his supervision was characterized by his kindness and willingness to help those most in need. The fondness with which Chris was regarded by all who knew him was embodied in the substantial contributions from students, colleagues, friends and family to establish the C.D. Beling Memorial Prize in Physics, which will be awarded annually to three full-time Physics students at HKU. Chris was the son of retired Paignton vicar David Beling and his wife Anne. Chris's brother Jeremy told mourners at St Paul's Church, Paignton: 'When I called for help, he gave not a second thought in helping me. How I wish he had not been on the

  8. Change in kidney morphology after ischemia/reperfusion in a sheep model of acute heart failure supported by pulsatile catheter pump%急性心力衰竭绵羊搏动性导管泵辅助肾缺血-再灌注后的形态学改变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智成; 陈长志; 叶清; 成少飞; 王维俊; 汤敏; 赵晓刚; Y.John Gu

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure following heart failure assisted circulation have been extensively reported. However, little data have been available concerning morphological analysis of kidney tissues under that condition.OBJECTIVE: To observe morphological change of ischemia/reperfusion kidney in a sheep pulsatile catheter (PUCA) pump short-term support for heart failure model and explore causes of acute renal failure in assisted circulation patients.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Self-contrast animal experiment was performed at the laboratory of Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Renji Hospital of Shanghai Second Medical University between July 2003 and April 2004.MATERIALS: PUCA pump was provided by Gerhard Rakhorst, Professor of Biomedical Engineering, University of Groningen.METHODS: After ischemic heart failure in 10 sheep was induced successfully and subsequently ischemia/reperfusion kidney was developed, PUCA pump was activated to support the hemodynamics for 3 hours.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hemodynamic parameters were monitored and recorded before thoracotomy, heart failure, and every 45 minutes after the support. Kidney biopsy specimens for light and electron microscopy were obtained 3 hours after support.RESULTS: PUCA pump support was successful in 7 of 10 sheep for 3 hours. During support with the PUCA pump,Hemodynamic parameters gradually restored to normal and stable condition, and blood pressure was close to baseline at the end of experiment. On both light and electron microscopy examination, mild acute kidney change was observed after ischemia/reperfusion. Cytosis in renal glomerulus associated with vasodilatation hyperemia, endepidermis in renal tubules hydropic degeneration, vasodilatation hyperemia and Interstitial edema in renal medulla were the main findings.CONCLUSION: PUCA pump could successfully maintain the hemodynamics for 3 hours in a sheep acute heart failure model,but pathological change in ischemia/reperfusion kidney was remained. It is

  9. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aisha Khan; Callaloo Nation: Metaphors of Race and Religious Identity among South Asians in Trinidad (Kevin Birth Frances Henry; Reclaiming African Religions in Trinidad: The Socio-Political Legitimation of the Orisha and Spiritual Baptist Faiths (Alfrieta Parks Monagan Margarite Fernámdez Olmos, Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert; Creole Religions of the Caribbean: An Introduction from Vodou and Santería to Obeah and Espiritismo (Raquel Romberg Johan Wedel; Santería Healing: A Journey into the Afro-Cuban World of Divinities, Spirits, and Sorcery (Raquel Romberg Gerard Aching; Masking and Power: Carnival and Popular Culture in the Caribbean (Stephen Stuempfle James Pritchard; In Search of Empire: The French in the Americas, 1670-1730 (Brett H. Rusforth Gerhard Menzel; Der schwarze Traum vom Glück: Haiti seit 1804 (Michael Zeuske Marcus Rediker; Villains of all Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age (Dian Murray Joseph E. Inikori; Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England: A Study in International Trade and Economic Development (Richard Drayton Fernando Picó; Puerto Rico 1898: The War after the War (Mariola Espinosa Luis Martínez-Fernández; Protestantism and Political Conflict in the Nineteenth-Century Hispanic Caribbean (Michael Zeuske Gabino La Rosa Corzo; Runaway Slave Settlements in Cuba: Resistance and Repression (Daniel O. Sayers Bonham C. Richardson; Igniting the Caribbean?s Past: Fire in British West Indian History (Kenneth H. Orvis Bridget Brereton (ed., Theresa Martínez-Vergne, Rnené A. Römer, Blanca G. Silvestrini (co.eds; General History of the Caribbean. Volume V: The Caribbean in the Twentieth Century (Gert Oostindie Perry Mars, Alma H. Young (eds; Caribbean Labor and Politics: Legacies of Cheddi Jagan and Michael Manley (O. Nigel Bolland Euclid A. Rose; Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean (Obika Gray Bill Schwarz (ed.; West Indian Intellectuals in

  10. Media event at ESOC: closest encounter between ESA's comet chaser Rosetta and Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    , Gerhard Schwehm, Head of Solar System Science Operations Division & Rosetta Mission Manager 03:10 - Introductory comments on approach ; Paolo Ferri, Head of Solar and Planetary Missions Division and Rosetta Flight Operations Director Comments on eclipse, Andrea Accomazzo, Rosetta Spacecraft Operations Manager Comments on closest approach/eclipse, Andrea Accomazzo & Paolo Ferri 03:15 - Closest approach to Mars, eclipse starts 03:17 - Ground stations, Manfred Lugert, Head of Ground Facilities Operations Division 03:28 - Occultation ends - signal back 03:30 - Imagery from Rosetta and Mars Express , Uwe Keller, Mas-Planck Institute 03:40 - Comments on eclipse end and telemetry acquisition, Andrea Accomazzo, 03:52 - Conclusions, Manfred Warhaut, Head of Mission Operations Department 04 :00 - End of event

  11. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Waterson

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available - Donald F. Barr, J. Noorduyn, A critical survey of studies on the languages of Sulawesi, Leiden: KITLV Press, (Bibliographical Series 18, 1991, xiv + 245 pp., maps, index. - J. Boneschansker, H. Reenders, Alternatieve zending, Ottho Gerhard Heldring (1804-1876 en de verbreiding van het christendom in Nederlands-Indië, Kampen, 1991. - H.J.M. Claessen, Albert B. Robillard, Social change in the Pacific Islands. London & New York: Kegan Paul International. 1992, 507 pp. Maps, bibl. - Will Derks, J.J. Ras, Variation, transformation and meaning: Studies on Indonesian literatures in honour of A. Teeuw, Leiden: KITLV Press, (VKI 144, 1991, 236 pp., S.O. Robson (eds. - Will Derks, G.L. Koster, In deze tijd maar nauwelijks te vinden; De Maleise roman van hofjuffer Tamboehan, Vertaald uit het Maleis en ingeleid door G.L. Koster en H.M.J. Maier, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991, 174 pp., H.M.J. Maier (eds. - Mark Durie, C.D. Grijns, Jakarta Malay: a multi-dimensional approach to spacial variation. 2 vols., Leiden: KITLV Press, ( VKI 149, 1991. - Jan Fontein, Jan J. Boeles, The secret of Borobudur, Bangkok, privately published, 1985, 90 pp. + appendix, 29 pp. - M. Heins, L. Suryadinata, Military ascendancy and political culture: A study of Indonesia’s Golkar. Ohio: Ohio University, Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no.85, 1989, xiii + 223 pp. - V.J.H. Houben, Ismail Hussein, Antara dunia Melayu dengan dunia kebangsaan. Bangi: penerbit Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia 1990, 68 pp. - Victor T. King, Aruna Gopinath, Pahang 1880-1933: A political history (Monograph/Malaysian branch of the royal Asiatic society, 18. - G.J. Knaap, J. van Goor, Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, IX: 1729-1737 (Rijks Geschiedkundige publicatiën, grote serie 205. ‘s- Gravenhage: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1988, xii + 895 p. - Otto D. van den Muijzenberg, John S. Furnivall, The

  12. Experimental methods for screening parameters influencing the growth to product yield (Y(x/CH4 of a biological methane production (BMP process performed with Methanothermobacter marburgensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Bernacchi

    2014-12-01

    simple, unstructured mathematical model and experimental verification with Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Biotechnol Bioeng 51: 645-658.12. Peillex JP, Fardeau ML, Belaich JP (1990 Growth of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum on hydrogen-carbon dioxide: high methane productivities in continuous culture. Biomass 21:315-321.13. Nishimura N, Kitaura S, Mimura A, et al. (1992 Cultivation of thermophilic methanogen KN-15 on hydrogen-carbon dioxide under pressurized conditions. J Ferment Bioeng 73: 477-480.14. Morii H, Koga Y, Nagai S (1987 Energetic analysis of the growth of Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus A2 in hydrogen-limited continuous cultures. Biotechnol Bioeng 29: 310-315.15. de Poorter LMI, Geerts WJ, Keltjens JT (2007 Coupling of Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus methane formation and growth in fed-batch and continuous cultures under different H2 gassing regimens. Appl Environ Microbiol 73: 740-749.16. Schoenheit P, Moll J, Thauer RK (1980 Growth parameters (Ks, μmax, Ys of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Arch Microbiol 127: 59-65.17. Gerhard E, Butsch BM, Marison IW, et al. (1993 Improved growth and methane production conditions for Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 40: 432-437.18. Seifert AH, Rittmann S, Bernacchi S, et al. (2013 Method for assessing the impact of emission gasses on physiology and productivity in biological methanogenesis. Bioresour Technol 136:747-751.19. Fardeau ML, Peillex JP, Belaich JP (1987 Energetics of the growth of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum and Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus on ammonium chloride and dinitrogen. Arch Microbiol 148: 128-131.20. Fardeau ML, Belaich JP (1986 Energetics of the growth of Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus. Arch Microbiol 144: 381-385.21. Morgan RM, Pihl TD, Nolling J (1997 Hydrogen regulation of growth, growth yields, and methane gene transcription in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum Delta H. J Bacteriol 179:889-898.22. Archer DB (1985

  13. Farewell to the Earth and the Moon -ESA's Mars Express successfully tests its instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-07-01

    The routine check-outs of Mars Express's instruments and of the Beagle-2 lander, performed during the last weeks, have been very successful. "As in all space missions little problems have arisen, but they have been carefully evaluated and solved. Mars Express continues on its way to Mars performing beautifully", comments Chicarro. The views of the Earth/Moon system were taken on 3 July 2003 by Mars Express's High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), when the spacecraft was 8 million kilometres from Earth. The image taken shows true colours; the Pacific Ocean appears in blue, and the clouds near the Equator and in mid to northern latitudes in white to light grey. The image was processed by the Instrument Team at the Institute of Planetary Research of DLR, Berlin (Germany). It was built by combining a super resolution black and white HRSC snap-shot image of the Earth and the Moon with colour information obtained by the blue, green, and red sensors of the instrument. “The pictures and the information provided by the data prove the camera is working very well. They provide a good indication of what to expect once the spacecraft is in its orbit around Mars, at altitudes of only 250-300 kilometres: very high resolution images with brilliant true colour and in 3D,” says the Principal Investigator of the HRSC, Gerhard Neukum, of the Freie Universität of Berlin (Germany). This camera will be able to distinguish details of up to 2 metres on the Martian surface. Another striking demonstration of Mars Express's instruments high performance are the data taken by the OMEGA spectrometer. Once at Mars, this instrument will provide the best map of the molecular and mineralogical composition of the whole planet, with 5% of the planetary surface in high resolution. Minerals and other compounds such as water will be charted as never before. As the Red Planet is still too far away, the OMEGA team devised an ingenious test for their instrument: to detect the Earth’s surface

  14. Short circuit - How our power supply became more expensive and got worse. A critical balance after eight years ''deregulation'' of the German Energy Economy; Kurzschluss - Wie unsere Stromversorgung teurer und schlechter wurde. Eine kritische Bilanz nach acht Jahren ''Liberalisierung'' der deutschen Energiewirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leuschner, U.

    2007-07-01

    verursachte. Wie Leuschner feststellt, waere der Schaltungsfehler der EON-Netzleitstelle Lehrte vor ein paar Jahren noch vom System toleriert worden. Er habe nur deshalb so gravierende Folgen haben koennen, weil das UCTE-Netz inzwischen durch den Stromhandel und andere Folgen der Deregulierung bis an die Grenzen seiner Kapazitaet belastet sei. Im dritten Teil (''Netznutzung und Netzentgelte'') beleuchtet er in einem zusaetzlichen Kapitel die Bemuehungen der EU-Kommission, doch noch die Rahmenbedingungen fuer echten Wettbewerb herzustellen. Die neueste Forderung der Kommission nach eigentumsmaessiger Entflechtung der Netze deutet er als ''Flucht nach vorn'' angesichts der Tatsache, dass in saemtlichen EU-Laendern seit der Liberalisierung die Strompreise gestiegen sind und das zum Teil sogar ueber die Haelfte (mit der einzigen Ausnahme Englands, und hier auch nur der Haushaltsstrompreise). Kraeftig erweitert hat der Verfasser auch den vierten Teil zum Thema ''Management und Politik'': Zum einen findet man hier nun beschrieben, wie Ex-Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schroeder einen Spitzenjob beim russischen Energiekonzern Gazprom erhielt, dem er bereits in seiner Amtszeit als Bundeskanzler politisch behilflich war, und wie sein ehemaliger Wirtschaftsminister Wolfgang Clement in den Aufsichtsrat von RWE Power einziehen durfte. Zum anderen wird ein kritischer Blick auf die Werbekampagnen geworfen, mit denen die Energiekonzerne versuchen, ihr Erscheinungsbild in der Oeffentlichkeit aufzuhellen und den Energieverbrauchern ein X fuer ein U vorzumachen. (orig.)

  15. Tool-Based Curricula and Visual Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragica Vasileska

    2013-12-01

    representative of ACUTE isSCHRED, which has 97 citations in research papers and is themost popular tool on nanoHUB.org.Surveys were collected from three courses offered at ArizonaState University. These courses were: EEE434/591, the QuantumMechanics class offered in the fall 2007; EEE 101 EngineeringDesign, offered in the spring 2008; and EEE533 SemiconductorManuscript received 2 December 2013. Received in revised form 25December 2013. Accepted for publication 26 December 2013.This work was financially supported from NSF Grant under grant No. NSFECS 0901251 is also acknowledged.This work was presented at the 9th, European conference on e-Learning(2010.Dragica Vasileska is with the Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ USA(phone: +1-480-965-6651; e-mail: Vasileska@asu.edu.Gerhard Klimeck is with Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN USA (email:gekco@purdue.edu.A. Magana is with Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN USA (e-mail:admagana@purdue.edu.S. M. Goodnick is with the Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ USA (email:stephen.goodnick@asu.edu.Device and Process Simulation, offered in the fall 2009. Thestudy consisted of students participating in a voluntary Likertscalesurvey that focused on: Learning outcomes, Evidence of thelearning, Pedagogical approach and Usability aspects. Inparticular, the survey investigated how intuitive the tools are.The results of the study identified differences in the waystudents perceived the nanoHUB.org simulation tools. Graduateand undergraduate students reported more positive experienceswith nanoHUB.org simulations than freshman students did.Potential explanations for these differences are: a freshmanstudents have not fully developed graphical literacy skills; bstudents may lack the prior knowledge required at the time theyinteract with the tool; and c students may lack interests in thetopic and have not yet seen the value of how these tools can beapplied toward their own learning goals. A potential support toovercome some of these difficulties may

  16. Morphodynamic equilibrium of alluvial estuaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambroni, Nicoletta; Bolla Pittaluga, Michele; Canestrelli, Alberto; Lanzoni, Stefano; Seminara, Giovanni

    2014-05-01

    equilibrium state is reached through an erosional wave, which leads to bed degradation of the upstream 'fluvial reach'. For a given river discharge, the length of the tidal reach increases quite rapidly with tidal amplitude, up to some threshold value of the tidal amplitude above which the length of the estuary becomes comparable with the length of the tidal wave. When the channel plan-form is convergent, deposition of sediments of fluvial origin in the funnel-shaped region drastically changes the equilibrium configuration. The effect of an increasing channel convergence is thus to induce bed aggradation close to the inlet. Nevertheless, tidal forcing only slightly changes the non-tidal profile. The effect of increasing tidal oscillations again leads to an increase of the bed slope at the inlet and to a general bed degradation upstream. The effects of varying sediment supply, flow discharge and river width in the upstream reach have also been investigated and play an important role. Further geomorphological implications of these results will be discussed at the meeting. References Dalrymple, R. W., and K. Choi (2007), Morphologic and facies trends through the fluvialmarine transition in tide-dominated depositional systems: A schematic framework for environmental and sequence-stratigraphic interpretation, Earth-Science Reviews, 81(3-4), 135-174, doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2006.10.002. Seminara, G., M. Bolla Pittaluga, and N. Tambroni (2012), Morphodynamic equilibrium of tidal channels, Environmental Fluid Mechanics: Memorial Volume in Honour of Prof. Gerhard H. Jirka, 153-174

  17. “Denervation” of autonomous nervous system in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension by low-dose radiation: a case report with an unexpected outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hohenforst-Schmidt W

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt,1 Paul Zarogoulidis,2 Filiz Oezkan,3 Christian Mahnkopf,4 Gerhard Grabenbauer,5 Alfons Kreczy,6 Rolf Bartunek,7 Kaid Darwiche,3 Lutz Freitag,3 Qiang Li,8 Haidong Huang,8 Thomas Vogl,9 Patrick LePilvert,10 Theodora Tsiouda,11 Kosmas Tsakiridis,12 Konstantinos Zarogoulidis,2 Johannes Brachmann11II Medical Clinic, Coburg Clinic, University of Würzburg, Coburg, Germany; 2Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, G Papanikolaou General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; 3Department of Interventional Pneumology, Ruhrlandklinik, West German Lung Center, University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany; 4II Medizinische Klinik, Klinik für Kardiologie, Angiologie, Pneumologie, Klinikum Coburg, 5Department of Radiotherapy, 6Department of Pathology, Cytology and Molecular Diagnostics, 7Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Coburg Clinic, University of Wüerzburg, Coburg, Germany; 8Department of Respiratory Diseases, Changhai Hospital/First Affiliated Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 9Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; 10Interventional Drug Delivery Systems and Strategies (ID2S2, Medical Cryogenics, Lakeland Court Jupiter, FL, USA; 11Internal Medicine Unit, Theagenio Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, 12Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Saint Luke Private Hospital, Thessaloniki, GreeceAbstract: Vasointestinal peptide metabolism plays a key physiological role in multimodular levels of vasodilatory, smooth muscle cell proliferative, parenchymal, and inflammatory lung reactions. In animal studies, vasointestinal peptide relaxes isolated pulmonary arterial segments from several mammalian species in vitro and neutralizes the pulmonary vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin. In some animal models, it reduces pulmonary vascular resistance in vivo and

  18. Apresentação do Dossiê

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanches de Paula

    2012-06-01

    in the Jesuit project (to be emotionally moved to move and in the Catholic reform in general. Besides this, some features of Pentecostal spirituality (we are celebrating this year the centenary of the Church Assembly of God as well as the contributions of Gerhard von Rad (the God of Israel as a passionate God and the project of Jürgen Moltmann of a committed spirituality engaged in public life. We understand that these readings are relevant to Brazil as a kind of foundation for the discussion of the existence of the Brazilian religious matrix or certain characteristics of the Brazilian religious imagery.We thank our partners and our interlocutors for sharing their research and hope that they serve in all its diversity as a fundation for a more transdisciplinary investigation of spirituality as an essential phenomenon of human life. We hope You enjoy the reading and we invite our readers and our readers to contact those responsible for this dossier and the authors of these studies to enrich their experience and also make known their research.Blanches de Paula (PastoralMarcelo Carneiro da Silva (BiblicalHelmut Renders (Theology and History

  19. CHAIRMEN'S FOREWORD: The Seventh International Conference on New Phenomena in Mesoscopic Structures & The Fifth International Conference on Surfaces and Interfaces of Mesoscopic Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyagi, Yoshinobu; Goodnick, Stephen M.

    2006-05-01

    , non-equilibrium transport, instabilities, nano-electro-mechanical systems, mesoscopic Josephson effects, phase coherence and breaking, and the Kondo effect •Systems of nanodevices: Quantum cellular automata, systolic SET processors, quantum neural nets, adaptive effects in circuits, and molecular circuits •Nanomaterials: nanotubes, nanowires, organic and molecular materials, self-assembled nano wires, and organic devices •Nanobioelectronics: electronic properties of biological structures on the nanoscale. This year's conference was organized by Prof Stephen Goodnick, Arizona State University, and Prof Yoshinobu Aoyagi, Tokyo Institute of Technology. The conference benefited from 14 invited speakers, whose topics spanned the above list, and a total of 97 registered attendees. The largest contingent was from Japan, followed closely by the US. In total, there were 49 from Japan, 31 fiom the US, and 17 from Europe. The organizers want to especially thank the sponsors for the meeting: The Office of Naval Research, the Army Research Office, and Arizona State University on the US side, and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, through their 151 Committee, on the Japanese side. PROGRAM COMMITTEE •Prof Gerhard Abstreiter, Technical University of Munich •Prof Tsuneya Ando, Tokyo Institute of Technology •Prof John Barker, University of Glasgow •Prof Jonathan Bird, the University at Buffalo •Prof Robert Blick, University of Wisconsin •Prof David Ferry, Chair, Arizona State University •Dr Yoshiro Hirayama, NTT Basic Research Laboratories •Dr Koji Ishibashi, RIKEN •Prof Carlo Jacoboni, University of Modena •Prof David Janes, Purdue University •Prof Friedl Kuchar, University of Leoben •Prof K. Matsumoto, Osaka University •Prof Wolfgang Porod, Notre Dame University •Prof Michiharu Tabe, Shizuoka University •Prof Joachim Wolter, Eindhoven Institute of Technology •Prof Lukas Worschech, University of Würzburg •Dr Naoki Yokoyama, Fujitsu

  20. Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sally C.; Gallagher, Andrew

    2012-03-01

    List of contributors; Foreword J. T. Francis Thackeray; 1. African genesis: an evolving paradigm Sally C. Reynolds; 2. Academic genealogy Peter Ungar and Phillip V. Tobias; Part I. In Search of Origins: Evolutionary Theory, New Species, and Paths into the Past: 3. Speciation in hominin evolution Colin Groves; 4. Searching for a new paradigm for hominid origins in Chad (Central Africa) Michel Brunet; 5. From hominoid arboreality to hominid bipedalism Brigitte Senut; 6. Orrorin and the African ape/hominid dichotomy Martin Pickford; 7. A brief history and results of 40 years of Sterkfontein excavations Ronald J. Clarke; Part II. Hominin Morphology Through Time: Brains, Bodies and Teeth: 8. Hominin brain evolution, 1925-2011: an emerging overview Dean Falk; 9. The issue of brain reorganisation in Australopithecus and early hominids: Dart had it right Ralph L. Holloway; 10. The mass of the human brain: is it a spandrel? Paul R. Manger, Jason Hemingway, Muhammad Spocter and Andrew Gallagher; 11. Origin and diversity of early hominin bipedalism Henry M. McHenry; 12. Forelimb adaptations in Australopithecus afarensis Michelle S. M. Drapeau; 13. Hominin proximal femur morphology from the Tugen Hills to Flores Brian G. Richmond and William L. Jungers; 14. Daily rates of dentine formation and root extension rates in Paranthropus boisei, KNM-ER 1817, from Koobi Fora, Kenya M. Christopher Dean; 15. On the evolutionary development of early hominid molar teeth and the Gondolin Paranthropus molar Kevin L. Kuykendall; 16. Digital South African fossils: morphological studies using reference-based reconstruction and electronic preparation Gerhard W. Weber, Philipp Gunz, Simon Neubauer, Philipp Mitteroecker and Fred L. Bookstein; Part III. Modern Human Origins: Patterns, and Processes: 17. Body size in African Middle Pleistocene Homo Steven E. Churchill, Lee R. Berger, Adam Hartstone-Rose and Headman Zondo; 18. The African origin of recent humanity Milford H. Wolpoff and Sang-Hee Lee

  1. Europe goes to Mars - preparations are well under way

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    -mail: psri@open.ac.uk HRSC (High/Super Resolution Stereo Camera), Gerhard Neukum, DLR, Institut für Planetenerkundung, Berlin, Germany, tel. +49 30 67055 300, fax. +49 30 67055 303, e-mail: gerhard.neukum@dlr.de MaRS (Radio Science Experiment), Martin Pätzold, University of Cologne, Germany, tel. +49 221 4703385, fax. +49 221 4705198, e-mail: paetzold@geo.uni-koeln.de MARSIS (Subsurface Sounding Radar/Altimeter), Giovanni Picardi, University of Rome, Italy, tel. +39 06 44585455, fax. +39 06 4873300, e-mail: picar@infocom.ing.uniroma1.it OMEGA (IR Mineralogical Mapping Spectrometer), Jean-Pierre Bibring, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Orsay, France, tel. +33 1 69858686, fax. +33 1 69858675, e-mail: bibring@ias.u-psud.fr PFS (Planetary Fourier Spectrometer), Vittorio Formisano, Istituto Fisica Spazio Interplanetario, Rome, Italy, tel. +39 6 49934362, fax. +39 6 49934383, e-mail: formisan@nike.ifsi.rm.cnr.it SPICAM (UV and IR Atmospheric Spectrometer), Jean-Loup Bertaux, Service d'Aéronomie, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, tel. +33 1 64474251, fax. +33 1 6920299, e-mail: jean-loup.bertaux@aerov.jussieu.fr. Additional contact: Christian Muller, Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy. B.USOC earth observations coordination, Avenue Circulaire, 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium, tel. +32-2-3730372, fax: +32-2-3748423, e- mail: Christian.Muller@oma.be

  2. Soils and Global Change in the Carbon Cycle over Geological Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retallack, G. J.

    2003-12-01

    Soils play an important role in the carbon cycle as the nutrition of photosynthesized biomass. Nitrogen fixed by microbes from air is a limiting nutrient for ecosystems within the first flush of ecological succession of new ground, and sulfur can limit some components of wetland ecosystems. But over the long term, the limiting soil nutrient is phosphorus extracted by weathering from minerals such as apatite (Vitousek et al., 1997a; Chadwick et al., 1999). Life has an especially voracious appetite for common alkali (Na+ and K+) and alkaline earth (Ca2+ and Mg2+) cations, supplied by hydrolytic weathering, which is in turn amplified by biological acidification (Schwartzmann and Volk, 1991; see Chapter 5.06). These mineral nutrients fuel photosynthetic fixation and chemical reduction of atmospheric CO2 into plants and plantlike microbes, which are at the base of the food chain. Plants and photosynthetic microbes are consumed and oxidized by animals, fungi, and other respiring microbes, which release CO2, methane, and water vapor to the air. These greenhouse gases absorb solar radiation more effectively than atmospheric oxygen and nitrogen, and are important regulators of planetary temperature and albedo (Kasting, 1992). Variations in solar insolation ( Kasting, 1992), mountainous topography ( Raymo and Ruddiman, 1992), and ocean currents ( Ramstein et al., 1997) also play a role in climate, but this review focuses on the carbon cycle. The carbon cycle is discussed in detail in Volume 8 of this Treatise.The greenhouse model for global paleoclimate has proven remarkably robust (Retallack, 2002), despite new challenges ( Veizer et al., 2000). The balance of producers and consumers is one of a number of controls on atmospheric greenhouse gas balance, because CO2 is added to the air from fumaroles, volcanic eruptions, and other forms of mantle degassing (Holland, 1984). Carbon dioxide is also consumed by burial as carbonate and organic matter within limestones and other

  3. Die Christenverfolgungen und die Kaiser-verfolger bei den Lateiniscen Christistlichen Historikern des 4. und 5. Jahrhunderts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Maver

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Abhandlung behandelt die Schilderung der Christenverfolgungen im römischen Reich und der als Christenverfolger eingestuften Kaiser in der lateinischen christlichen Historiographie des 4. und 5. Jahrhunderts, vor allem bei Laktanz, Orosius, Sulpicius Severus und Augustin in seinem Gottesstaat. Den Schwerpunkt bildet dabei der Vergleich zweier meist verbreiteten Schemen, wobei eine bei Lesern einen mehr oder weniger expliziten Eindruck erweckt, dass der Sieg des Christentums unter Konstantin auch das Ende der eigentlichen Christenverfolgungen bedeutet, die andere, vor allem von Augustin vertreten, aber sieht in den antichristlichen Maßnahmen eine Konstante der Geschichte des christlichen Volkes. Zuerst wird auf die Vorgeschichte solcher Vorstellungen aufmerksam gemacht, wobei besonders Melito von Sardes und Tertullian einbezogen werden. Die beiden zählten nur sehr wenige Kaiser zu den Christenverfolgern, und zwar diejenigen, die auch in der heidnischen Tradition als schlechte Herrscher gesehen wurden. Diese Methode, nur schlechte Kaiser als Verfolger erscheinen zu lassen, fand später eine ziemlich breite Nachahmung. Sie wurde auch von Laktanz und dem jungen Euseb übernommen. Die Darstellung des Laktanz in seiner Schrift Über die Todesarten der Verfolger bildet eigentlich eine klassische Verwirklichung dieses Verfahrens. Der ehemalige Rhetoriklehrer wollte nämlich nur diejenigen römischen Herrscher als Christenfeinde schildern, die auch in Augen der senatsnahen Historiographie problematisch erscheinen und zugleich auch eines schmachvollen Todes gestorben waren. Daher gab er die Zahl der Verfolgungen mit nur sechs an. Zu den Christenverfolgern zählte er Nero, Domitianus, Decius, Valerianus, Aurelianus sowie die Tetrarchen. Bei Decius und einigermaßen auch bei Aurelianus wich er damit von der heidnischen Historiographie ab, da diese vor allem Decius als einen guten Kaiser schilderte. Einen ähnlichen Standpunkt vertrat offensichtlich

  4. Ενδείξεις για τη διάρκεια των χερσαίων ταξιδιών και μετακινήσεων στο Βυζάντιο (6ος-11ος αιώνας

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ι. ΔΗΜΗΤΡΟΥΚΑΣ

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available   I. DimitroukasAngaben über die Dauer der Landreisen und Bewegungen in Byzanz (6.- 11. Jh. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Untersuchung wurden die Landreisenzeiten in Byzanz vom Anfang des 6. bis in die Mitte des 11. Jh.s eingehend erörtert. Zu den Faktoren, die auf die Reisegeschwindigkeit entscheidenden Einfluß ausübten, gehörten die Absicht des Reisenden, die naturräumlichen und klimatischen Voraussetzungen, die jeweilige militärisch-politische Situation, die Benutzung von gepflasterten Straßen oder Maultierwegen, die Reisemittel, die auch vom (privaten oder offiziellen Charakter der Reise abhängig waren und die Art der Reise (einzeln bzw. in mehr oder weniger kleinen oder großen Gruppen. Die auf sechs Gruppen verteilten Reisen weisen sämtlich ein breites Spektrum von Zeiten auf, weshalb die Berechnung von Mittelwerten äußerst problematisch ist. Weniger gilt dies für Reisen einer und derselben Gruppe. Mit Hilfe solcher Erfahrungswerte konnte der Regierungsapparat, aber auch das einfache Volk Unternehmungen, Umzüge und Reisen mit ziemlicher Genauigkeit vorplanen und erfolgreich durchführen bzw. durchführen lassen. Im allgemeinen können folgende Schlüsse gezogen werden: Bei Privatreisen -dazu gehörten auch die Pilgerreisen- und Truppenbewegungen wurde allgemein sehr langsam und geruhsam gereist, außer wenn es bestimmte Gründe für das Gegenteil gab. Eine 15 km-Tagesleistung galt noch in der Zeit Justinians als normal für das Heer (";;;iter iustum";;;. Vergleichbare Leistungen werden bei Verbannungen berühmter Sträflinge (wie z. B. des Theodoros Studites festgestellt. Unter den dienstlich Reisenden reisten Gesandte, insbesondere die sog. ";;;Großgesandten";;;, die von einer zahlreichen Dienerschaft begleitet wurden, am langsamsten. Weniger wichtige und deshalb zahlenmäßig kleinere Delegationen und Delegationen, die zeitbefristete Aufträge durchführten, erreichten zeitweise Leistungen, die der ";;;Tagesleistung eines r

  5. De las arcas reales a las arcas de la nación. El presupuesto y la contabilidad pública como valladares frente a la arbitrariedad gubernamental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando López Castellano

    2012-01-01

    social. Cuando se presenta el Informe de la Comisión Especial de Hacienda de las Cortes sobre el Nuevo Plan de Contribuciones, a 6 de julio de 1813, el autor del artículo del Tribuno del Pueblo Español indica : “Las arcas hasta aquí llamadas Reales, son arcas de la Nación”. En este artículo, se examina el trabajo prolífico de un reformador, José Canga Argüelles, que estuvo en el centro de este movimiento orientado a la “racionalización” de la administración. Burócrata formado en la administración de la monarquía y político en el nuevo Estado, inicia la institucionalización del presupuesto y promueve una reforma profunda de la Contabilidad Pública.Von Kassen des Königs bis zu Kassen der Nation. Der Haushaltsplan und die Staatsbuchführung wie Schutzwehren vor der Willkür der Regierung (1808-1814 - Während der französischen Besatzung (1808-1814 ist die Steuerreform mit einer tiefen wirtschaftlichen, politischen und sozialen Umwandlung verbunden gewesen. Während der Vorlage des Berichtes der Außerordentlichen Kommission für die Finanzen von Cortes über den Neuen Plan der Steuereinnahmen, am 6. Juli 1813 weist der Autor des Artikels des Tribuns des spanischen Volkes hin : “die königlichen sogenannten Kassen bis hierher, sind die Kassen der Nation”. Dieser Artikel stellt die fruchtbare Arbeit eines Reformers vor, José Canga Argüelles, der im Herzen dieser Bewegung gewesen ist und der sich um die Rationalisierung der Verwaltung gemüht hat. Bürokrat in der Verwaltung der ehemaligen Monarchie, Politiker im neuen Staat, unternahm er die Institutionalisierung des Haushaltsplanes und vertrat eine tiefe Reform der Staatsbuchführung.

  6. EDITORIAL: Colloidal dispersions in external fields Colloidal dispersions in external fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löwen, Hartmut

    2012-11-01

    , Ojeda-Lopez M A and Arauz-Lara J L 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464126 [31]Leferink op Reinink A B G M, van den Pol E, Byelov D V, Petukhov A V and Vroege G J 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464127 [32]Taylor S L, Evans R and Royall C P 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464128 [33]Toner J, Tu Y H and Ramaswamy S 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464110 [34]Schmitz R and Dünweg B 2005 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 318 170 [35]Cates M E 2012 Rep. Prog. Phys. 75 042601 [36]Tarama M and Ohta T 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464129 [37]Wensink H H and Löwen H 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464130 Colloidal dispersions in external fields contents Colloidal dispersions in external fieldsHartmut Löwen Depletion induced clustering in mixtures of colloidal spheres and fd-virusD Guu, J K G Dhont, G A Vliegenthart and M P Lettinga Advanced rheological characterization of soft colloidal model systemsS Gupta, S K Kundu, J Stellbrink, L Willner, J Allgaier and D Richter Conformational and dynamical properties of ultra-soft colloids in semi-dilute solutions under shear flowSunil P Singh, Dmitry A Fedosov, Apratim Chatterji, Roland G Winkler and Gerhard Gompper Transient dynamics in dense colloidal suspensions under shear: shear rate dependenceM Laurati, K J Mutch, N Koumakis, J Zausch, C P Amann, A B Schofield, G Petekidis, J F Brady, J Horbach, M Fuchs and S U Egelhaaf Force-induced diffusion in microrheologyCh J Harrer, D Winter, J Horbach, M Fuchs and Th Voigtmann Micro-macro-discrepancies in nonlinear microrheology: I. Quantifying mechanisms in a suspension of Brownian ellipsoidsRyan J DePuit and Todd M Squires Micro-macro discrepancies in nonlinear microrheology: II. Effect of probe shapeRyan J DePuit and Todd M Squires Viscosity of electrolyte solutions: a mode-coupling theoryClaudio Contreras-Aburto and Gerhard Nägele Electro-kinetics of charged-sphere suspensions explored by integral low-angle super-heterodyne laser Doppler velocimetryThomas Palberg, Tetyana K

  7. THE EFFECT OF A TEACHING MATERIAL DEVELOPED BASED ON “REACT” STRATEGY ON GIFTED STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hülya DEMİRCİOĞLU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The research on science education has an important place in development of education systems. The data obtained from the researches has contributed to the emergence of different teaching approaches, strategies, models, and practices, and to further development of existing approaches. One of these approaches is the context-based approach. In recent years, it has been used widely in many countries in the world to improve the quality of education. Several context-based approaches have been developed, for example, Salters Advanced Chemistry in the UK (Barker and Millar, 2000; Bennett and Lubben, 2006, Chemistry in Context in the USA (Schwartz, 2006, Industrial Chemistry in Israel (Hofstein and Kesner, 2006, Chemie im Kontext in Germany (Parchmann et al., 2006, and the Context-concept Approach in the Netherlands (Bulte et al., 2006. The cognitive and constructivist learning theories constitutes the foundation of the context-based approaches (Ingram, 2003. Context-based learning tries to respond to the question “Why do I need to learn this?, by linking learning settings in schools with events and situations encountered in everyday life. This approach has three basic principles (Kegley, Stacy and Carroll, 1996: (i to increase students’ interest on science courses, (ii to help students see connections between science and events in everyday life, (iii to help students develop a more comparative understanding of science. In parallel to these developments in our country, secondary science curricula (chemistry and physics were revised in accord with context-based approach. When the science education literature was examined, it was seen that in schools, it was not given enough attention to establish connections between science concepts and events in everyday life, and science teaching in schools was unsuccessful in increasing and maintaining students’ interest in real world events (Winther and Volk, 1994; Banks, 1997; Barker and Millar, 1999; Yager and

  8. Herbeleving en herinterpretatie. Recente literatuur over Nederland en de Tweede Wereldoorlog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Romijn

    1987-01-01

    uren. Omzien naar de bevrijding E. de Roever, Zij sprongen bij maanlicht. De geschiedenis van het Bureau Bijzondere Opdrachten en de agenten, Londen 1944-1945 C. van Rossum, Ommen bevrijd! Een dagboek van de spannende dagen vóór, tijdens en na de bevrijding van Ommen 1945 M.G. Schenk, J.B.Th. Spaan, De koningin sprak. Proclamaties en radiotoespraken van H. M. Koningin Wilhelmina 1940-1945 W. Schoenmaker, T. Postma, Mei 1940. De verdediging van het Nederlandse luchtruim H. van Setten, Opvoeding in volkse geest. Fascisme in het onderwijs 1940-1945 J.H. Sikkes, … In geval van een vijandelijken inval. Ambtelijk gedrag in bezettingstijd en de daarvoor geldende aanwijzingen P. Spanjaard, Het Maasland in de oorlog J.G. Sutherland, Dagboek van mijn krijgsgevangenschap te Neurenberg, Stanislau (Oekraïne en Neu Brandenburg L. van der Tas, Overleven in Dachau. Ervaringen in Duitse gevangenschap A. Tjepkema, J. Walvis, 'Ondergedoken'. Het ondergrondse leven in Nederland tijdens de tweede wereldoorlog G.M.T. Trienekens, Tussen ons volk en de honger. De voedselvoorziening, 1940-1945 W. Veening, Verzetsgroep Zwaantje. Documentaire over het illegale werk van deze groep, die een unieke vluchtroute opzette om velen uit het door de nazi's bezette Nederland te smokkelen R. Vermaas, 1940-1945. Ministerie zonder minister. Impressies over binnenlandse zaken in bezettingstijd A. Vernooij, Grenzen aan gehoorzaamheid. Houding en gedrag van de Utrechtse politie tijdens de Duitse bezetting S. Vincent, J. Ickenroth, 'De laatste loodjes wogen zwaar…'. Reuver en Beesel, bezetting – verzet – bevrijding L.R. van Vliet, Om nooit te vergeten. Authentieke schets van de voormalige Koninklijke Nederlandse brigade 'Prinses Irene'. Met persoonlijke belevenissen, vóór haar oprichting en haar deelname daarná aan de strijd in 1944 J.P. van Vree, Hengelo in oorlogstijd. Wedervaardigheden onder meer opgetekend uit de mond van mr. J. A. H. J. van der Dussen, burgemeester van Hengelo (O van 1937 tot 1951

  9. Présentation du volume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Zwitter Vitez

    2012-12-01

    l'interprétation. Le domaine des technologies du langage est exploré par la contribution de Jana Volk qui, se fondant sur les enregistrements authentiques de la parole spontanée, propose une évaluation du système de transcription ToBi. L'analyse des interfaces entre l'oral et l'écrit est introduit par l'étude de Gregory Bennet qui analyse la représentation du rire sur le réseau Twitter et continue par l'analyse de Nives Lenassi examine les éléments du discours parlé dans la correspondance d'affaire. Jacqueline Oven analyse le fonctionnement des particules à l'écrit et à l'oral tandis que l'étude de Mojca Schlamberger Brezar se fonde autour de l'hypothèse que les marqueurs discursifs indiquent le degré de spontanéité dans différentes situations d'énonciation. Les études qui s'articulent autour de l'analyse pragmatique essaient d'intercepter des phénomènes du discours parlé dans des contextes variés : Elenmari Pletikos Olof et Jagoda Poropat Darrer analysent la perception de paroles cérémonielles, Golnaz Nanbakhsh remet en question l'emploi des pronoms de tutoiement et de vouvoiement lors de l'expression de pouvoir, Darinka Verdonik et Zdravko Kačič examinent le rôle des expressions chrétiennes dans les conversations quotidiennes. Tamara Mikolič Južnič aborde le phénomène de la nominalisation et Mojca Smolej présente les spécificités du discours rapporté dans l'échange oral spontané. L'analyse d'Iztok Kosem et de Darinka Verdonik propose les résultats concernant le vocabulaire typique dans le discours public et privé, et l'étude de Juliano Desiderato Antonio et Fernanda Trombini Rahmen Cassim présente certains éléments intrinsèques de l’oral à travers l’optique des relations de cohérence entre les différentes unités textuelles. La relation entre les pratiques langagières et la norme linguistique est étudiée par l’article de Hotimir Tivadar qui remet en question l’établissement de la langue standard sur

  10. Sensing at the nanoscale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna; Hierold, Christofer

    2013-11-01

    label-free detection of DNA at concentrations as low as 1-10 fM, a sensitivity comparable to the best signal amplification-assisted electrochemical sensors reported [12]. In another study actin-conjugated gold and silver nanorods are used to detect ATP, a common indicator of cell viability [13]. They show how aggregation induced by ATP-induced polymerization of the G-actin gives rise to a measurable change in the plasmon resonance absorbance of the nanorods. A review of the use of fluorescent silica nanoparticles for biomedical applications is provided by researchers at Dublin City University in Ireland [14]. The first scanning tunnelling microscope in the early 1980s and subsequent scanning probe developments brought the world of nanoscale structures into view in a manner that gorged the imaginations of scientists and the public. New ways of probing structures at this scale revealed a wealth of curious properties that triggered a surge of research activity in nanotechnology, now a multibillion dollar industry. One good turn deserves another and in fact nanostructures provide the perfect tools for the type of sensing and imaging applications that brought such widespread research interest to nanotechnology. This special issue highlights just how broad and innovative the range of sensing nanotechnologies has grown. References [1] Zappa D, Comini E and Sberveglieri G 2013 Thermally-oxidized zinc oxide nanowires chemical sensors Nanotechnology 24 444008 [2] Kemmler J A, Pokhrel S, Mädler L, Weimar U and Barsan N 2013 Flame spray pyrolysis for sensing at the nanoscale Nanotechnology 24 442001 [3] Bache M et al 2013 Nanomechanical recognition of prognostic biomarker suPAR with DVD-ROM optical technology Nanotechnology 24 444011 [4] Hu C-F, Wang J-Y, Liu Y-C, Tsai M-H and Fang W 2013 Development of 3D carbon nanotubes interdigitated finger electrodes on polymer substrate for flexible capacitive sensor application Nanotechnology 24 444006 [5] Neumann C, Volk C, Engels S and

  11. Discovery of a Satellite around a Near-Earth Asteroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-07-01

    In the course of the major observational programme of asteroids by the Institute of Planetary Exploration of the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) [1] in Berlin, two of the staff astronomers, Stefano Mottola and Gerhard Hahn , have discovered a small satellite (moon) orbiting the asteroid (3671) Dionysus. The new measurements were obtained with the DLR CCD Camera attached at the 60-cm Bochum telescope at the ESO La Silla Observatory in Chile. This is only the second known case of an asteroid with a moon. Moons and planets Until recently, natural satellites were only known around the major planets . The Moon orbits the Earth, there are two tiny moons around Mars, each of the giant planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune has many more, and even the smallest and outermost, Pluto, is accompanied by one [2]. However, the new discovery now strengthens the belief of many astronomers that some, perhaps even a substantial number of the many thousands of minor planets (asteroids) in the solar system may also possess their own moons. The first discovery of a satellite orbiting an asteroid was made by the NASA Galileo spacecraft, whose imagery, obtained during a fly-by of asteroid (253) Ida in August 1993, unveiled a small moon that has since been given the name Dactyl. (3671) Dionysus: an Earth-crossing asteroid In the framework of the DLR asteroid monitoring programme, image sequences are acquired to measure an asteroid's brightness variations caused by the changing amount of sunlight reflected from the asteroid's illuminated surface as it spins, due to its irregular shape. The brightness variations may be used to derive the asteroid's rotational properties, such as speed of rotation and spin axis orientation. Asteroid Dionysus [3] was put on the observing list because it belongs to a special class of asteroids, the members of which occasionally come very close to the Earth and have a small, but non-negligible chance of colliding with our planet. Most of

  12. PREFACE: EmerQuM 11: Emergent Quantum Mechanics 2011 (Heinz von Foerster Congress)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grössing, Gerhard

    2012-05-01

    -statement: 'What is proved by impossibility proofs is lack of imagination.' In this sense, therefore, our task is to make use of the variety of the different approaches offered, for it is in scrutinizing each of them that a chance for further progress and understanding may emerge. The papers collected in these proceedings essentially follow the order of the plenary talks during the conference program, with the addition of the poster presentations. Prior to the contributions to EmerQuM11, the very first paper of these proceedings presents the opening lecture by Yves Couder who addressed both twin conferences with his talk on wave-particle duality in a classical system. (Although he was not able to participate personally, the contribution of Robert Carroll, a member of the academic advisory board, is included here. Regrettably, the lectures by John Bush, Marek Czachor, Mark Everitt, Felix Finster, and Lee Smolin could not be included, partly for copyright reasons.) Finally, I would like to thank Sarah Toms and Graham Douglas and their team at IOP Publishing (Bristol) for their friendly advice and help during the preparation of these proceedings. Vienna, April 2012 Gerhard Grössing

  13. PREFACE: Symmetries in Science XVI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    -session, topics ranging from theoretical chemistry and molecular physics via fundamental problems in quantum theory to thermodynamics, nonlinear dynamics, soliton theory and finally cosmology, were examined and lively discussed. Nearly all the talks can also be viewed on the conference website. The majority of participants contributed to these Proceedings but some were unable to do so as their results were either previously submitted or published elsewhere. We refer to: · Quesne C 2013, J. Math. Phys. 54, 102102. · Spera M 2013, (Nankai Series in Pure, Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics): 11 Symmetries and Groups in Contemporary Physics: pp. 593-598 Proceedings of the XXIX International Colloquium on Group-Theoretical Methods in Physics Tianjin, China, 20 - 26 August 2012 (World Scientific, Singapore) · Snobl L and Winternitz P 2014, Classification and Identification of Lie Algebras, CRM Monograph Series 33 (Montreal) ISBN-10: 0-8218-4355-9, ISBN-13: 978-0-8218-4355-0 (http://www.ams.org/bookstore?fn=20&arg1=crmmseries&ikey=CRMM-33). Our personal thanks to Daniel and family! Endless support from the Schenk Family who, among other things, sponsored (yet again) the entire conference dinner (including wines and banquet hall) meant that some costs could be alleviated. We could therefore assist various colleagues from economically-weak countries, despite the lack of external funding. A financial deficit meant we would have had to forego the Conference Proceedings, published in previous years by IOP. After long deliberations, and with donations from Gerhard Berssenbrügge, Dr. Dr. Stephan Hauk and Dr. Volker Weisswange, this could be facilitated. We are very grateful to these private donors for their generous and wholehearted support. The staff of Collegium Mehrerau is also to be thanked for their hospitality. Finally, our sincere thanks to Yvette not only for her preparatory work and support during the conference, but also for her persistent interest and help in producing

  14. INTRODUCTION: New trends in simulating colloids and self-assembling systems New trends in simulating colloids and self-assembling systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foffi, Giuseppe; Kahl, Gerhard

    2010-03-01

    University Of Oxford and Athanassios Panagiotopoulos—University Of Princeton) focused on the remarkable ability of colloidal systems to self-organize in well-defined composite objects. New simulation techniques and theoretical approaches were presented and discussed that offer a deeper understanding of self-assembly phenomena in colloidal physics and, eventually to uncover design rules for self-assembly. Particular emphasis was put on an emerging new class of colloidal particles, so-called patchy colloids. The second workshop, entitled 'New Trends in Simulating Colloids: From Models to Applications', (organized by Giuseppe Foffi—Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale De Lausanne, Gerhard Kahl—Vienna Technical University and Richard Vink—Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) focused on new methodological devices in theoretical and simulation approaches that provided a more profound insight in colloidal physics in general. A large variety of theoretical tools, ranging from different simulation techniques over classical density functional theory to efficient optimization techniques were presented. For details about the tools presented in both workshops we refer the reader to the contributions of this special issue. The 'round table' discussion meetings were highly useful in providing an overview of yet unsolved problems and to point out directions for future work. From the phenomenological point of view, among those are the question on the relevance of hydrodynamic interactions, the problem whether to treat solvents in an explicit or implicit way, or the relevance of multibody interactions, to name but a few. With respect to the methods it was agreed that future developments on dynamic Monte Carlo simulations or on rare events and multiscale techniques are urgently required. The presence of the experimentalists was also of great help in focusing attention on the systems that are going to represent the scientific challenges in the next years. It was interesting that while new

  15. Photovoltaic solar energy. Proceedings; Photovoltaische Solarenergie. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Within the 21st symposium 'Photovoltaic Solar Energy' of the Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut e.V. (Regensburg, Federal Republic of Germany) at Banz Monastery (Bad Staffelstein, Federal Republic of Germany) between 8th and 10th March, 2006, the following lessons were held: (1) Basic conditions for a market support programme in the European context (EEG) (Winfried Hoffmann); (2) Actual developments in the German market of photovoltaics (Gerhard Stryi-Hipp); (3) Become a part of the global economic survey of Task 2 ''PV cost over time'' (Thomas Nordmann); (4) The market of photovoltaic will be a European market in the future (Murray Cameron); (5) Development and state of the art of the photovoltaic industry in the Peoples Republic of China (Frank Haugwitz); (6) Silicon for the photovoltaic industry (Karl Hesse); (7) Cell technology: Impulses for a cost effective photovoltaic with valuable silicon (Rolf Brendel); (8) Thin-film solar modules for the photovoltaic - state of the art and industrial perspectives (Michael Powalla); (9) Modules - bottleneck and flood of orders: How to act an installer? (Helmut Godard); (10) Photovoltaic open-field systems - Actual experiences and conflict lines (Ole Langniss); (11) Comparison of actual and future trends of Balance-of-System costs for large scale ground based PV systems with crystalline and thin-film modules (Manfred Baechler); (12) Financing PX projects from a Bank perspective (Joachim Treder); (13) Criteria of quality for solar fonds - Criteria of evaluation for capital investors and self-commitment for emission houses (Ulla Meixner); (14) Analysis of the distribution pathways for photovoltaic plants from the manufacturer to the final customer considering the decreasing demand and increasing prices (Michael Forst); (15) Solar power 2005 - Evaluation of real operational data of 1,000 plants in Germany (Gerd Heilscher); (16) Improvement of PV-inverter efficiency - targets, pathways

  16. PREFACE: Water at interfaces Water at interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo, P.; Rovere, M.

    2010-07-01

    scales. Silicalite and tobermorite, a layered calcio-silicate model of cement and Vycor are analyzed. Gordillo and Martí consider structural and dynamical properties of water confined or close to carbon nanotubes or inside a slit pore of a single graphene sheet. Jedlovszky et al introduce a new method to determine the molecules located right at the boundary of two phases in a computer simulation. The new method is applied to the analysis of the interface of water with different apolar phases. Melchionna et al consider phenomena related to water in contact with thermophilic protein interfaces. In particular, they discuss the role of water in stabilizing these proteins. Rotenberg et al report results on the structure and dynamics of water at a clay surface. They analyze, in particular, the influence on the H-bond network of the surface oxygens and ions and investigate the surface H-bond formation and dissociation dynamics. Smirnov and Bougeard present examples of the spatial organization of molecules and of the short- and long-time dynamical behaviour of water confined in the pores of crystalline aluminosilicates, such as zeolites and clays, and in nanostructured materials. The last group opens with Sulpizi and Sprik who present density functional calculations of the dissociation constant of liquid water, implemented with a proton insertion/removal method. Jung and Marcus consider, more specifically, the properties of water in organic catalysis and discuss theoretical models and results obtained with quantum mechanical calculations. As organizers of the CECAM workshop 'Modeling and Simulation of Water at Interfaces from Ambient to Supercooled Conditions' we would like to thank CECAM, ESF-Simbioma, Wanda Andreoni, Emilie Bernard and Jordi Brusa. As guest editors of this special issue we would like to thank Gerhard Kahl and Philip Semple.

  17. Is life the rule or the exception? The answer may be in the interstellar clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-01

    . For example, can these results really be a clue to what happened about four billion years ago on the early Earth? Can researchers be truly confident that the conditions they recreate are those in the interstellar space? Guillermo M. Muñoz Caro from the European team writes "several parameters still need to be better constrained (...) before a reliable estimation on the extraterrestrial delivery of amino acids to the early Earth can be made. To this end, in situ analysis of cometary material will be performed in the near future by space probes such as Rosetta ..." The intention for ESA's spacecraft Rosetta is to provide key data for this question. Rosetta, to be launched next year, will be the first mission ever to orbit and land on a comet, namely Comet 46P/Wirtanen. Starting in 2011, Rosetta will have two years to examine in deep detail the chemical composition of the comet. As Rosetta's project scientist Gerhard Schwehm has stated, "Rosetta will carry sophisticated payloads that will study the composition of the dust and gas released from the comet's nucleus and help to answer the question: did comets bring water and organics to Earth?" If amino acids can also form in the space amid the stars, as the new evidence suggests, research should also focus on the chemistry in the interstellar space. This is exactly one of the main goals of the astronomers preparing for ESA's space telescope Herschel. Herschel, with its impressive mirror of 3.5 metres in diameter (the largest of any imaging space telescope) is due to be launched in 2007. One of its strengths is that it will 'see' a kind of radiation that has never been detected before. This radiation is far-infrared and submillimetre light, precisely what you need to detect if you are searching for complex chemical compounds such as the organic molecules.

  18. PREFACE: Nano- and microfluidics Nano- and microfluidics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Karin

    2011-05-01

    microchannels of oscillating width S Braunmüller, L Schmid and T Franke Semiflexible polymer conformation, distribution and migration in microcapillary flows Raghunath Chelakkot, Roland G Winkler and Gerhard Gompper Numerical simulation of tethered DNA in shear flow S Litvinov, X Y Hu and N A Adams Analysis of the fluctuations of a single-tethered, quantum-dot labeled DNA molecule in shear flow K Laube, K Günther and M Mertig Interaction of flexible surface hairs with near-wall turbulence Ch Brücker Development of a shear stress sensor to analyse the influence of polymers on the turbulent wall shear stress Bernardo Nottebrock, Sebastian Große and Wolfgang Schröder Small-scale particle advection, manipulation and mixing: beyond the hydrodynamic scale Arthur V Straube Microfluidic emulsion separation—simultaneous separation and sensing by multilayer nanofilm structures P Uhlmann, F Varnik, P Truman, G Zikos, J-F Moulin, P Müller-Buschbaum and M Stamm Filtration at the microfluidic level: enrichment of nanoparticles by tunable filters M Boettcher, S Schmidt, A Latz, M S Jaeger, M Stuke and C Duschl Nanoscale structures and dynamics of a boundary liquid layer M Walz, S Gerth, P Falus, M Klimczak, T H Metzger and A Magerl

  19. Impact landing ends SMART-1 mission to the Moon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    lunar science at a time when the exploration of the Moon is once again getting the world’s interest” said Bernard Foing, ESA SMART-1 Project Scientist. “The measurements by SMART-1 call into question the theories concerning the Moon’s violent origin and evolution,” he added. The Moon may have formed from the impact of a Mars-size asteroid with the Earth 4500 million years ago. “SMART-1 has mapped large and small impact craters, studied the volcanic and tectonic processes that shaped the Moon, unveiled the mysterious poles, and investigated sites for future exploration,” Foing concluded. “ESA’s decision to extend the SMART-1 scientific mission by a further year ( it was initially planned to last only six months around the Moon) allowed the instrument scientists to extensively use a number of innovative observing modes at the Moon,” added Gerhard Schwehm, ESA’s SMART-1 Mission Manager. In addition to plain nadir observations (looking down on the ‘vertical’ line for lunar surveys), they included targeted observations, moon-spot pointing and ‘push-broom’ observations (a technique SMART-1 used to obtain colour images). “This was tough work for the mission planners, but the lunar data archive we are now building is truly impressive.” “SMART-1 has been an enormous success also from a technological point of view,” said Giuseppe Racca, ESA SMART-1 Project Manager. The major goal of the mission was to test an ion engine (solar electric propulsion) in space for the first time for interplanetary travel, and capture a spacecraft into orbit around another celestial body, in combination with gravity assist manoeuvres. SMART-1 also tested future deep-space communication techniques for spacecraft, techniques to achieve autonomous spacecraft navigation, and miniaturised scientific instruments, used for the first time around the Moon. “It is a great satisfaction to see how well the mission achieved its technological objectives, and did great lunar

  20. PREFACE: Complex dynamics of fluids in disordered and crowded environments Complex dynamics of fluids in disordered and crowded environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coslovich, Daniele; Kahl, Gerhard; Krakoviack, Vincent

    2011-06-01

    T Fischer and R L C Vink Lennard-Jones binary mixture in disordered matrices: exploring the mode coupling scenario at increasing confinement P Gallo and M Rovere Static and dynamic contributions to anomalous chain dynamics in polymer blends Marco Bernabei, Angel J Moreno and J Colmenero Anomalous transport of a tracer on percolating clusters Markus Spanner, Felix Höfling, Gerd E Schröder-Turk, Klaus Mecke and Thomas Franosch Long-wavelength anomalies in the asymptotic behavior of mode-coupling theory S K Schnyder, F Höfling, T Franosch and Th Voigtmann Dynamic arrest of colloids in porous environments: disentangling crowding and confinement Jan Kurzidim, Daniele Coslovich and Gerhard Kahl Slow dynamics, dynamic heterogeneities, and fragility of supercooled liquids confined in random media Kang Kim, Kunimasa Miyazaki and Shinji Saito

  1. Editorial: Medien und soziokulturelle Unterschiede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horst Niesyto

    2009-09-01

    Zur Relevanz von sozialer Ungleichheit im Kontext der Mediensozialisationsforschung» die Bedeutung unterschiedlicher sozialer Lagen für das Verständnis von Alltag und Lebenswelt von Heranwachsenden. Sie definiert soziale Milieus als «Manifestation des je spezifischen Zusammenhangs von sozialer Lage und Lebensentwurf der agierenden Personen» und skizziert zentrale Dimensionen eines mediensozialisationstheoretischen Konzepts als Grundlage für eine integrative und interdisziplinäre Forschungsperspektive. Der Beitrag stellt eine Panelstudie zur (Medien-Sozialisation bei sozial benachteiligten Kindern in Österreich vor und konzentriert sich dabei auf die theoretische und methodologische Anlage dieser Studie. Ziel der Studie war es, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in den je spezifischen Ausprägungen der Lebensführung von Familien zu identifizieren und Einflussfaktoren für die Mediensozialisation von Kindern zu benennen. Manuela Pietraß und Markus Ulrich beziehen sich in ihrem Beitrag «Medienkompetenz unter milieutheoretischer Betrachtung: Der Einfluss rezeptionsästhetischer Präferenzen auf die Angebotsselektion» auf den Milieuansatz von Gerhard Schulze und seine Überlegungen zu «Erlebnisrationalität» sowie auf das SINUS-Milieukonzept (SINUS Sociovision. Pietraß & Ulrich interessiert vor allem die Frage, auf welche Weise Medien die jeweilige Erlebnisrationalität bedienen. Hierzu stellt der Beitrag anhand einer empirischen Stichprobe Befunde aus einem Vergleich von zwei Online-Zeitungen (Bild.T-Online und FAZ.NET hinsichtlich der Informations- und Unterhaltungsorientierung dieser Zeitungen vor und diskutiert diese Befunde auf dem Hintergrund von Leserdaten. Als ein Ergebnis wird festgehalten, dass Unterhaltungs- und Informationsorientierung nicht nur mit Bildung, sondern auch mit milieuspezifischen, medienästhetischen Präferenzen zusammenhängen, die in die Angebotsselektion mit einfliessen.

  2. Comet or Asteroid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-11-01

    When is a minor object in the solar system a comet? And when is it an asteroid? Until recently, there was little doubt. Any object that was found to display a tail or appeared diffuse was a comet of ice and dust grains, and any that didn't, was an asteroid of solid rock. Moreover, comets normally move in rather elongated orbits, while most asteroids follow near-circular orbits close to the main plane of the solar system in which the major planets move. However, astronomers have recently discovered some `intermediate' objects which seem to possess properties that are typical for both categories. For instance, a strange object (P/1996 N2 - Elst-Pizarro) was found last year at ESO ( ESO Press Photo 36/96 ) which showed a cometary tail, while moving in a typical asteroidal orbit. At about the same time, American scientists found another (1996 PW) that moved in a very elongated comet-type orbit but was completely devoid of a tail. Now, a group of European scientists, by means of observations carried out at the ESO La Silla observatory, have found yet another object that at first appeared to be one more comet/asteroid example. However, continued and more detailed observations aimed at revealing its true nature have shown that it is most probably a comet . Consequently, it has received the provisional cometary designation P/1997 T3 . The Uppsala-DLR Trojan Survey Some time ago, Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist (Astronomical Observatory, Uppsala, Sweden), in collaboration with Gerhard Hahn, Stefano Mottola, Magnus Lundström and Uri Carsenty (DLR, Institute of Planetary Exploration, Berlin, Germany), started to study the distribution of asteroids near Jupiter. They were particularly interested in those that move in orbits similar to that of Jupiter and which are located `ahead' of Jupiter in the so-called `Jovian L4 Lagrangian point'. Together with those `behind' Jupiter, these asteroids have been given the names of Greek and Trojan Heroes who participated in the famous Trojan war

  3. EDITORIAL: Focus on Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors FOCUS ON DILUTE MAGNETIC SEMICONDUCTORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, Scott A.; Gallagher, Bryan

    2008-05-01

    Chisholm, J D Budai and D P Norton Role of charge carriers for ferromagnetism in cobalt-doped rutile TiO2 T Fukumura, H Toyosaki, K Ueno, M Nakano and M Kawasaki Ab-initio study of exchange constants and electronic structure in diluted magnetic group-IV semiconductors Silvia Picozzi and Marjana Ležaić Phase coherent transport in (Ga,Mn)As D Neumaier, K Wagner, U Wurstbauer, M Reinwald, W Wegscheider and D Weiss Hydrogen interstitials-mediated ferromagnetism in MnxGe1-x magnetic semiconductors Xin-Xin Yao, Shi-Shen Yan, Shu-Jun Hu, Xue-Ling Lin, Chong Han, Yan-Xue Chen, Guo-Lei Liu and Liang-Mo Mei Electronic structures of magnetic semiconductors FeCr2Se4 and Fe0.5Cu0.5Cr2Se4 B I Min, Seung Su Baik, H C Choi, S K Kwon and J-S Kang Investigation of pure and Co2+-doped ZnO quantum dot electronic structures using the density functional theory: choosing the right functional Ekaterina Badaeva, Yong Feng, Daniel R Gamelin and Xiaosong Li Magnetic properties of sol-gel-derived doped ZnO as a potential ferromagnetic semiconductor: a synchrotron-based study N R S Farley, K W Edmonds, A A Freeman, G van der Laan, C R Staddon, D H Gregory and B L Gallagher Local electronic structure of Cr in the II-VI diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Zn1-xCrxTe M Kobayashi, Y Ishida, J I Hwang, G S Song, A Fujimori, C S Yang, L Lee, H-J Lin, D J Huang, C T Chen, Y Takeda, K Terai, S-I Fujimori, T Okane, Y Saitoh, H Yamagami, K Kobayashi, A Tanaka, H Saito and K Ando Lack of ferromagnetism in n-type cobalt-doped ZnO epitaxial thin films T C Kaspar, T Droubay, S M Heald, P Nachimuthu, C M Wang, V Shutthanandan, C A Johnson, D R Gamelin and S A Chambers XMCD studies on Co and Li doped ZnO magnetic semiconductors Thomas Tietze, Milan Gacic, Gisela Schütz, Gerhard Jakob, Sebastian Brück and Eberhard Goering Ferromagnetic semiconductors and the role of disorder B W Wessels An extensive comparison of anisotropies in MBE grown (Ga,Mn)As material C Gould, S Mark, K Pappert, R G Dengel, J Wenisch, R P

  4. PREFACE: Physics-Based Mathematical Models for Nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voon, Lok C. Lew Yan; Melnik, Roderick; Willatzen, Morten

    2008-03-01

    -Foreman correction) coupled to strain and piezoelectric potential calculation. In its turn, in its general setting the problem of strain and piezoelectric potential calculation requires the solution of a nonlinear system of partial differential equation. A large experience in solving these two parts of the problem separately, independently of each other, has been already accumulated in the distinct communities of the researchers. This BIRS workshop effectively combined expertise of these research communities, summarized the state-of-the-art for modeling LDSNs and key challenges facing these communities, and explored ways to address those challenges in interdisciplinary team settings. The workshop brought together researchers working on different aspects of the analysis and modeling of LDSNs which require a concerted efforts of teams of researchers with close interactions between applied and pure mathematicians, physicists (theoreticians and experimentalists), computational scientists, and engineers. These scientific and engineering communities were represented in Banff by the researchers from Japan, Canada, the USA, Russia, France, Denmark, Germany, and the UK (further details can be found at http://www.m2netlab.wlu.ca/ldsn-banff/). We had four main plenary talks of one hour duration that gave state-of-the-art overviews of the subject from perspectives of applied mathematics (Professor Russel Caflisch of the University of California at Los Angeles), physics (Professor Antti-Pekka Jauho of the Danish Technical University), and computational science and engineering communities (Professor Gerhard Klimeck of Purdue University), as well as from a point of view of experimentalists (Dr Gail Brown of the Materials Lab/Air Force Research Lab at Wright-Patterson AFB). These talks helped identify the areas where joint efforts needed to be directed to, and they set up the scene for further work during the workshop, including discussions at the workshop open problem sessions. All participants

  5. ESA's Rosetta mission and the puzzles that Hale-Bopp left behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-01

    kilometres with a set of remote-sensing instruments. As the spacecraft moves around the nucleus at a very leisurely walking pace, other onboard instruments will analyse the dust and vapours, which will emanate from Comet Wirtanen with ever-increasing vigour as the Sun's rays warm it. Rosetta will drop a lander on to the comet's surface, for close inspection of its physical condition and chemical composition. The lander is a venture led by Germany, France and Italy, with participation from Austria, Finland, Hungary, Poland and the UK. As a box packed with scientific instruments and standing on three legs, the lander will be capable of anchoring itself to one spot and drilling into the surface. It may also be able to hop like a flea to visit another part of the nucleus. A combination of solar energy and electric batteries will enable operations to last for several months. "The combination of Rosetta in orbit around the comet and the lander on its surface is very powerful from a scientific point of view," says Gerhard Schwehm, ESA's project scientist for Rosetta. "We shall watch Comet Wirtanen brewing up like a volcano as it feels the heat of the Sun. In place of hazy impressions of the nucleus of a comet half hidden by its dust clouds, we shall see all the details with unprecedented clarity." Unanswered questions During and after the 1986 appearance of Halley's Comet, comet science made great progress. More recent comets have revealed important secrets to ESA's Infrared Space Observatory and to other space telescopes examining them at wavelengths unobservable from the Earth. Yet basic questions about comets remain unanswered. Just as the Rosetta Stone was the key that unlocked the meaning of Egyptian hieroglyphs, so the Rosetta spacecraft is intended to decipher the meaning of comets and their role in the origin and history of the Solar System. Here are a few of the main puzzles. * What does a comet weigh? Guesses about the density of cometary material vary widely, and only an

  6. Relativistic Celestial Mechanics of the Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopeikin, Sergei; Efroimsky, Michael; Kaplan, George

    2011-09-01

    initio within the relativistic framework presented in the other resolutions (in that regard, there still exist some difficult problems to solve), their relativistic terms are accurate enough for all the current and near-future observational techniques. At that level, the Earth rotation models are consistent with the general relativity framework recommended by the IAU and considered in this book. The chapter presents practical algorithms for implementing the recommended models. The appendices to the book contain a list of astronomical constants and the original text of the relevant IAU resolutions adopted by the IAU General Assemblies in 1997, 2000, 2006, and 2009. Numerous colleagues have contributed to this book in one way or or another. It is a pleasure for us to acknowledge the enlightening discussions which one or more of the authors had on different occasions with Victor A. Brumberg of the Institute of Applied Astronomy (St. Petersburg, Russia); Tianyi Huang and Yi Xie of Nanjing University (China); Edward B. Fomalont of the National Radio Astronomical Observatory (USA); Valeri V. Makarov, William J. Tangren, and James L. Hilton of the US Naval Observatory; Gerhard Schäfer of the Institute of Theoretical Physics (Jena, Germany); Clifford M. Will of Washington University (St. Louis, USA); Ignazio Ciufolini of the Università del Salento and INFN Sezione di Lecce (Italy); and Patrick Wallace, retired from Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (UK). We also would like to thank Richard G. French of Wellesley College (Massachusetts, USA); Michael Soffel and Sergei Klioner of the Technical University of Dresden; Bahram Mashhoon of the University of Missouri-Columbia; John D. Anderson, retired from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (USA); the late Giacomo Giampieri, also of JPL; Michael Kramer, Axel Jessner, and Norbert Wex of the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie (Bonn, Germany); Alexander F. Zakharov of the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Moscow

  7. NARRATIVE: A short history of my life in science A short history of my life in science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manson, Joseph R.

    2010-08-01

    bicycle rides taken with these colleagues and many others through the streets of Göttingen and the surrounding countryside of Niedersachsen. The long series of visits to Göttingen were interrupted by three summers beginning in 1988 at the Institut für Grenzflachenforschung and Vakuumphysik at the Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany working with George Comsa and his group. I had met Comsa in the late 1970s at a scientific meeting in France and we had continued our scientific correspondence ever since, which eventually led to the invitation to visit his lab for an extended stay. Among the very large range of surface-related experiments being carried out in the Comsa group were machines, operated by Bene Poelsema and Rudolf David and the then graduate students Klaus Kern and Peter Zeppenfeld, devoted to He atom scattering from metal and adsorbate-covered surfaces. Once again, it was a great privilege to carry out scientific research in such a stimulating environment. In 1998, with a three-month summer visit, I began a collaboration with Professor Karl-Heinz Rieder at the Institut für Experimentalphysik of the Freie Universität Berlin in Germany. Rieder was a pioneer in the field of surface scattering experiments using helium and other rare gas atomic beams as projectiles and after he moved to the Freie Universität from the IBM Zürich laboratories he continued this work as well as becoming a world leader in the field of single molecule manipulation on surfaces using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). This collaboration resulted in visits to Berlin every summer through 2006 during which we collaborated on several projects involving both atom-surface scattering and STM. The work during this period included interesting collaborative work with many members of the Rieder group including Ludwig Bartels, Daniel Farías, Gerhard Meyer and Saw Hla. It was a great experience to be able to pursue science in such favorable surroundings, and to have, in addition, all the