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Sample records for volk gerhard bosselmann

  1. Gerhard Richteri looming Kumus / Inga Leomar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leomar, Inga

    2008-01-01

    Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri (s. 1932) tööde näitusest "Ülevaade" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, koostaja Saksa Välissuhete Instituut. Mainitud ka Tõnis Saadoja näitus "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, kus eksponeeritakse segatehnikas portreesid, mis on inspireeritud G. Richteri sarjast "48 portreed"

  2. Rethinking Volks V Robinson: The Implications of Applying a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rethinking Volks V Robinson: The Implications of Applying a "Contextaulised Choice Model" to Prospective South African Domestic Partnerships Legislation. ... is enacted. Keywords: Life partnership; domestic partnership; Domestic Partnerships Bill; choice argument; contextualised choice model; reciprocal duty of support.

  3. Gerhard Herzberg an illustrious life in science

    CERN Document Server

    Stoicheff, Boris

    2002-01-01

    Gerhard Herzberg (1904-1999) was one of the greatest scientists of the last century. Born and educated in Germany, he started his research just as the exciting discovery of quantum mechanics began unraveling the mysteries of the microscopic world. Herzberg chose to study spectroscopy, the light emitted and absorbed by atoms and molecules, which has played a central role in the development of modern science.

  4. Gerhard Ebeling oor geloof | van Wyk | HTS Teologiese Studies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    English Title: Gerhard Ebeling on faith. Gerhard Ebeling (1912–2001), not only the foremost Luther researcher of the previous century but also one of the most prominent contributors to protestant theology during that period, wrote extensively about faith throughout his long and productive life as a professional theologian.

  5. Aktuaalsetest tendentsidest elektroakustilise muusika alal Eestis / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Elektroakustilise muusika lähiajaloost, elektroakustilist muusikat viljelevatest Eesti heliloojatest. Age Hirv, Raun Juurikas, Liis Jürgens, Andrus Kallastu, Tatjana Kozlova, Ülo Krigul, Margo Kõlar, Märt-Matis Lill, Gerhard Lock, Hans-Gunter Lock, Malle Maltis, Jüri Reinvere, Mart Siimer, Mirjam Tally, Toomas Trass, Lauri-Dag Tüür oma muusikast

  6. Βιβλιοκρισία: ΑNTJE BOSSELMANN – RUICKBIE, Byzantinischer Schmuck des 9. bis frühen 13. Jahrhunderts, Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tζένη ΑΛΜΠΑΝΗ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Biιβλιοκρισία του: Αntje Bosselmann – Ruickbie, Byzantinischer Schmuck des 9. bis frühen 13. Jahrhunderts. Untersuchungen zum metallen dekorativen Körperschmuck der mittelbyzantinische Zeit anhand datierter Funde [Spätantike – Frühes Christentum – Byzanz. Kunst im ersten Jahrtausend. Hsgb. von Beat Brenk, Johannes G. Deckers, Arne Effenberger, Franz Alto Bauer. Reihe B: Studien und Perspektiven. Bd. 28], Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 2011, 420 σσ. +832 εικ.([ISBN 978-3-89500-717-0 

  7. Leben mit Estland : Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann zum 80. Geburtstag / Heinrich Wittram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittram, Heinrich

    2012-01-01

    Olles Põhja-Elbe Jutlustajate Seminari direktor alustas Paul-Gerhard von Hoerschelmann koostööd Eesti Evangeelse Luterliku Kirikuga 1988. aastal. Nõmmel sündinud pastori pojana olid tal selle koostöö arendamiseks igati head eeldused. 1997. aastal sai Paul-Gerhard Hoerschelmannist EELK Usuteaduse Instituudi rektor. Aastatel 1996-1998 teenis ta väikesearvulist saksakeelset kogudust Tallinnas. Aastast 2006 EELK' aupraost

  8. Bible and Philology: Gerhard von Rad regarding the Wisdom Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Haydeé Lase

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Theology, through its history, has always been related to Philology, because its source is the Holy Scriptures. This reason has stimulated my further consideration of the exegeta Gerhard von Rad “Wisdom in Israel” a “symbol” of modern interest for the Wisdom books. Inserted in the philologic German trend of the history of tradition and history of editing and forms, it is opposed to positivists interpretation and installs a new comprehension of the OT traditions. Its hermeneutica, without deteriorating the historical criticism, gives first hand priority to the message that the scriptural brands patentize as a twist of an organization in constant growth. However, the love of live words, which is considered by the philologist, make him capable to have a wide effect of the methodological tools, and in this way; unravel the secrets of the world of wisdom. Now in the threshold of Christianism, Wisdom books prepare the adequate opening to receive the “new Wine” in “new containers”. Also, today, philology and wisdom summon us to go along with this moment of the History of Salvation with the necessary instruments and ancient breeding by old and modern wisemen.

  9. Kaks maastikuvaadet Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgenilt: romantismi kaja biidermeierlikus sarmis = Two Landscape Views by Otto Gerhard von Kügelgen: Echo of Romanticism in Biedermeier Charm / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2011-01-01

    2010. aastal Frankfurdis H. W. Fichteri kunstigaleriis müüki tulnud kümnest kunstiteosest, sh. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi poolt omandatud kahest Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni tööst. Franz Gerhard von Kügelgeni noorema poja Karl Otto Gerhard von Kügelgeni elust, loomingust ja tema akvarellidest "Perekond Vinni mõisas" ja "Rändur metsas"

  10. Nanotech, blur and tragedy in recent artworks by Gerhard Richter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    2008-01-01

    The author considers Gerhard Richter's work on nanotechnology, highlighting how these pieces continue the artist's ontology on photographic blur and, as such, raise questions about truth and reality with respect to the mass media's visual presentation of nanotechnology. The four works discussed i...... and terrorism, and contrasts Richter's artworks with utopian visions of nano-science in the mass media.......The author considers Gerhard Richter's work on nanotechnology, highlighting how these pieces continue the artist's ontology on photographic blur and, as such, raise questions about truth and reality with respect to the mass media's visual presentation of nanotechnology. The four works discussed...

  11. Nanotech, blur and tragedy in recent artworks by Gerhard Richter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    2008-01-01

    The author considers Gerhard Richter's work on nanotechnology, highlighting how these pieces continue the artist's ontology on photographic blur and, as such, raise questions about truth and reality with respect to the mass media's visual presentation of nanotechnology. The four works discussed i...

  12. Nasie, volk, religie en die kerk as ellips van versoenende verskeidenheid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanya van Wyk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Nation, ’ethnic people’ (das Volk, religion and the church as ellipse of reconciling diversity. This article examines the 19th and 20th century European context wherein religion was practiced. In a ‘Rip-Van-Winkle’ manner it is as if this context had no influence on the Afrikaans speaking church in South Africa. The isolation, that was the result of the apartheid ideology, lead to the Afrikaans speaking church in South Africa not internalising ecumenicity. It is argued that for the church to be able to take an active role in reconciling diversity and therefore contributing to social cohesion in South Africa, the church needs to transcend being a ‘nation’ church. This is possible by respecting culture and diversity, while recognising the priority of salvation in Christ. This is the ellipse of being church.

  13. Die nonverbale Kommunikation im Bundestagswahlkampf 2002:Gerhard Schröder versus Edmund Stoiber

    OpenAIRE

    Dieball, W. (Werner)

    2004-01-01

    Diese interdisziplinäre Dissertation aus dem Fachbereich Politikwissenschaften verfolgt vordergründig das Ziel, die Wirkungsweise der nonverbalen Kommunikation im Bundestagswahlkampf 2002 zu analysieren. Im Zentrum der empirisch-analytischen Untersuchung stehen Gerhard Schröder und Edmund Stoiber, die nach den nonverbalen Merkmalen: äußeres Erscheinungsbild, Mimik, Stimmklang, Gestik und Motorik untersucht werden. Das leitende Forschungsinteresse der Arbeit besteht darin, zu eruieren, inwiewe...

  14. Saved from the cellar Gerhard Gentzen’s shorthand notes on logic and foundations of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    von Plato, Jan

    2017-01-01

    Gerhard Gentzen is best known for his development of the proof systems of natural deduction and sequent calculus, central in many areas of logic and computer science today. Another noteworthy achievement is his resolution of the embarrassing situation created by Gödel's incompleteness results, especially the second one about the unprovability of consistency of elementary arithmetic. After these successes, Gentzen dedicated the rest of his short life to the main problem of Hilbert's proof theory, the question of the consistency of analysis. He was arrested in the summer of 1945 with other professors of the German University of Prague and died soon afterward of starvation in a prison cell. Attempts at locating his lost manuscripts failed at the time, but several decades later, two slim folders of shorthand notes were found. In this volume, Jan von Plato gives an overview of Gentzen's life and scientific achievements, based on detailed archival and systematic studies, and essential for placing the translations ...

  15. 3.10/49 B. GERHARD VON RAD, Das ersfe BucA Mose, Xap. 1-12:9 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    3.10/49. B. GERHARD VON RAD, Das ersfe BucA Mose, Xap. 1-12:9. Das Alte. Testament Deutsch, Neues Göttinger Bibelwerk, Nr. 2. Göttingen,. Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1949, 136 bis. Prys 5.40 DM, geb. 7.90 DM. Met hierdie „Teilband" begin 'n besonder welkome verklaring van die Ou Testament in die Duitse taal, ...

  16. Gerhard Richter’s Critical Artistic Strategies: Politics, Terrorism and War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Schepen Randall K.

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The present paper analyzes two artistic strategies employed by Gerhard Richter to deal with painful recent cultural memory. Two works in particular reveal the relative success of Richter’s varied artistic strategies addressing contemporary political events: 18. Oktober 1977 (1988 and War Cut (2004. In his series of paintings on the Baader-Meinhof terrorist group, Richter effectively employs his “photopainting” style to address the profoundly disturbing deaths of the Baader-Meinhof group in the 1970s. Richter chose mundane photographic sources for his imagery, denying a hierarchy of “correct” memories of the events and turning photographic indexicality against itself by employing a painterly medium, tinged with nostalgia, to represent it. Richter’s photopaintings of Baader-Meinhof thus use the “factual” nature of the photograph while also utilizing an elegiac painterly mist through which an indistinct emotional memory of the past seems to emerge. Richter’s blurring of images can thus be understood as a fulcrum on which the undecidability of history itself must be represented. Richter constructs War Cut (2004, on the other hand, as a work and aesthetic experience decidedly at odds with the iconicity of his Baader-Meinhof images by employing arbitrariness and conceptual abstraction.

  17. A Network of Themes: A Qualitative Approach to Gerhard Richter's Text

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narvika Bovcon

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Gerhard Richter's books Text – a collection of painter's verbal statements about his artistic method – and Atlas – 783 sheets with images, mainly photographs and visual notations – are two archives that complement the understanding of his diverse artistic practice. The paper presents a textual model that experimentally simulates a possible ordering principle for archives. Richter's statements in the book Text are cut up and used as short quotations. Those that relate to multiple aspects of the painter's oeuvre are identified as hubs in the semantic network. The hubs are organized paratactically, as an array of different themes. The paper presents a methodological hypothesis and an experimental model that aim to connect the research of real networks with the paradigms of humanistic interpretation. We have to bear in mind that the network is a result of the researcher's interpretative approach, which is added to the initial archive included in the book Text. The breaking up of Richter's poetics into atoms of quotations is an experimental proposal of a new textuality in art history and humanities, which has its own history. In comparison to digital archives with complex interfaces that often tend to obscure the content, the elements in our experiment appear as specific configurations of the semantic network and are presented in a limited number of linear texts. The method of listing of quotations gathers the fragments into a potential “whole”, i.e. a narrativized gateway to an archive according to the researcher's interpretation.

  18. Heidegger and the Volk%海德格尔与民族(Das Volk)问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥志强

    2015-01-01

    Different from the popular positivism and racism based on the biology claimed by Nazi scholars , Heidegger considered the nature of Volk ( the nation) from the ontological perspective.The nation means one kind of existent state when people return their nature and live with others being destiny -related.The nation came into being not automatically or historically but depending on people's decision.The artistic activities have important significance in awaking people's awareness of the nation and the forming of a nation .%不同于流行的实证主义,尤其不同于纳粹学者建立在生物学基础上的种族主义,海德格尔对民族本质的思考,着眼于其存在论的内涵。民族一方面是人返回其本质时的一种生存状态,同时也是与他人在一个共同体内命运相关的生存状态。这个意义上的民族不是自然而然形成的,而有赖于人的决断。艺术活动在唤醒人的民族意识或使得民族成其自身的过程中具有重要意义。

  19. Biochemical Pathways: An Atlas of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (edited by Gerhard Michal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voige, Reviewed By William H.

    2000-02-01

    For decades, a wall chart detailing living organisms' metabolic pathways has been a fixture in many classrooms and laboratories where biochemistry is taught. One of the most popular of those charts first appeared 30 years ago. Now its editor, Gerhard Michal, has produced a book that summarizes metabolism (broadly defined) in graphical and textual formats. The book retains the elegance of the chart. Names of molecules are printed in a crisp, easy-to-read font, and structural formulas are shown with exemplary clarity. Color coding serves multiple purposes: to differentiate enzymes, substrates, cofactors, and effector molecules; to indicate in which group or groups of organisms a reaction has been observed; and to distinguish enzymatic reactions from regulatory effects. The primary advantage of presenting this information in book format is immediately apparent. A typical metabolic chart covers about 2 m2; the book has a total surface area nearly 10 times greater. The extra space is used to add explanatory text to the figures and to include many topics not covered by the traditional definition of metabolism. Examples include replication, transcription, translation, reaction mechanisms for proteolytic enzymes, and the role of chaperones in protein folding. Illustrating these topics is not as straightforward as delineating a metabolic pathway, but the author has done an admirable job of designing figures that clarify these and other aspects of biochemistry and complement the accompanying text. A potential deficiency of book format is the inability to clearly show links between different realms of metabolism: carbohydrate and amino acid pathways, for example. The book overcomes this problem in two ways. A diagrammatic overview of metabolism (with references to applicable sections of the book) is printed inside its front cover, and key compounds (pyruvate, for example) have a distinctive green background to provide a visual link between pathways. (The author compares this

  20. The role played by Gerhard Adler in the development of analytical psychology internationally and in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casement, Ann

    2014-02-01

    The Jungian analyst Gerhard Adler left Berlin and re-settled in London in 1936. He was closely involved with the professionalization of analytical psychology internationally and in the UK, including the formation of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP) and The Society of Analytical Psychology (SAP).The tensions that arose within the latter organization led to a split that ended in the formation of the Association of Jungian Analysts (AJA). A further split at AJA resulted in the creation of another organization, the Independent Group of Analytical Psychologists (IGAP). Adler's extensive publications include his role as an editor of Jung's Collected Works and as editor of the C.G. Jung Letters. © 2014, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  1. Die lewe en werk van Gerhard Ebeling (06 Julie 1912 – 30 September 2001: ʼn Leksikografiese bydrae tot Reformasie 500

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriël M.J. (Gafie van Wyk

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Focusing on Ebeling’s own account of his ‘theological path’, autobiographical notes in hispublications and a gold mine of information in the biography of Albrecht Beutel on Ebelingpublished in 2012 the article describes important events with theological significance in lifeof Gerhard Ebeling. Ebeling is often portrayed in theological literature as a representativeof the so-called New Hermeneutic. For many people the name Ebeling is synonymous withhermeneutics, as if his only contribution to theology was the development of ‘a newhermeneutical theory’. This is a misconception. The article introduces the reader to anotherand more important point of view to value the life and work of Ebeling – his interest in theReformer Martin Luther, that not only had profound influence on Ebeling’s own theologicalthinking, but also resulted in many ground breakingpublications on Luther. The articlecelebrates Ebeling as one of the most important Luther scholars of all times.

  2. Kerk en volk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. J.C. van Wyk

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Church and nation In this essay the relationship between the church and the nation, is once more investigated. It has become necessary in the light of the fact that the concept of ‘nation’ is being treated more and more negatively, especially in the ecumenical theology of mission and the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. The background to this negative attitude is not only the racial situation in South Africa, but also the experiences of church and theology in Nazi Germany. The conclusion at which the author arrives, is that, because of its assosiation with apartheid in South Africa, the word ‘nation’ has became more and more a curse. This attutude is irresponsible, and not in line with biblical thought.

  3. [Systems, boundaries and resources: the lexicographer Gerhard Wahrig (1923-1978) and the genesis of his project "dictionary as database"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahrig-Burfeind, Renate; Wahrig, Bettina

    2014-09-01

    Gerhard Wahrig's private archive has recently been retrieved by the authors and their siblings. We undertake a first survey of the unpublished material and concentrate on those aspects of Wahrig's bio-ergography which stand in relation to his life project "dictionary as database", realised shortly before his death. We argue that this project was conceived in the 1950s, while Wahrig was writing and editing dictionaries and encyclopedias for the Bibliographisches Institut in Leipzig. Wahrig, who had been a wireless operator in WWII, was well informed about the development of computers in West Germany. He was influenced both by Ferdinand de Saussure and by the discussion on language and structure in the Soviet Union. When he crossed the German/German border in 1959, he experienced mechanisms of exclusion before he could establish himself in the West as a lexicographer. We argue that the transfer of symbolic and human capital was problematic due to the cultural differences between the two Germanies. In the 1970s, he became a professor of General and Applied Linguistics. The project of a "dictionary as database" was intended both as a basis for extensive empirical research on the semantic structure of natural languages and as a working tool for the average user of the German language. Due to his untimely death, he could not pursue his idea of exploring semantic networks.

  4. Gerhard Ebeling oor geloof

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    29 Jul 2016 ... oor die saak wat ter tafel is. Polemiek oor ander teoloë se standpunte vorm nie deel van Ebeling se werk nie en direkte teologiese debat met ander is skaars in sy oeuvre. Ebeling dink radikaal krities met 'n fyn hermeneutiese aanvoeling vir die lewe as denkkonteks eerder as dat hy die een of ander sisteem ...

  5. Historical “Truth,” Constructed Memory: Restaging Germany’s Reunification in Thomas Berger’s Television Melodrama Wir sind das Volk. Liebe kennt keine Grenzen (We are the people. Love without limits (2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrin B Mascha

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Film and television are popular media for the (representation of history and the depiction of momentous past events. Germany’s reunification is no exception. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Germany has witnessed a proliferation of media production that endeavors to historicize and aestheticize the past. This coincides with the need to forge a post-Wall identity of the new Germany. My discussion of Thomas Berger’s award winning television drama Wir sind das Volk. Liebe kennt keine Grenzen (2008 examines how reunification is presented in a mixture of fictitious elements and authentic historical reconstruction based on shared memories of this past. Following a melodramatic trajectory, the film aims at the reconciliation of German society as a people twenty years after reunification.

  6. Siinushelidest kosmilise muusikani / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Saksa heliloojast Karlheinz Stockhausenist. Festivalil "Klaver 2006" kõlas 24. oktoobril 2006. a. Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia kammersaalis Eestis esmakordselt Karlheinz Stockhauseni suurteos "Mantra" kahele klaverile ja elektroonikale. Esitajateks Kadri-Ann Sumera ja Sabine Simon, helirežisöör Hendrik Manook

  7. Skazka o serom volke / Aleksandr Shegedin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shegedin, Aleksandr

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu infotunnis vastasid Riigikogu liikmete küsimustele kodakondsuse andmise kohta Andrei Filatovile ning minister Edgar Savisaare Moskva visiidi ja Keskerakonna koostööleppe kohta Ühtse Venemaaga peaminister Andrus Ansip ja välisminister Urmas Paet

  8. RETHINKING VOLKS V ROBINSON: THE IMPLCATIONS OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anon

    was never married to S and therefore could not qualify as a "spouse" for the purpose of the Act. 20 ... Moreover, the position of unmarried couples could not be ..... incomprehensible, but, when compared to the ease with which the courts have.

  9. Mercator, Gerardus [Gerhard Kremer] (1512-94)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Cartographer (`cosmographer'), born in Rupelmonde, Flanders (now Belgium), studied mathematics, its applications to geography and astronomy, and how to make scientific instruments. Constructed terrestrial and celestial globes. Was charged with heresy, a result of suspicion aroused by his travel to collect data for maps, and was imprisoned for several months, after which charges were dropped. Inv...

  10. Gerhard Herzberg: an illustrious life in science

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stoicheff, B. P

    2002-01-01

    .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix PROLOGUE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi PART ONE: THE EARLY YEARS (1904- 1934...

  11. Kerk en volk | van Wyk | HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The background to this negative attitude is not only the racial situation in South Africa, but also the experiences of church and theology in Nazi Germany. The conclusion at which the author arrives, is that, because of its assosiation with apartheid in South Africa, the word 'nation' has became more and more a curse.

  12. Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer / Mihkel Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Mihkel, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul näitab natsisümboolika müük Tallinna vanalinnas ja natsistliku retoorika kasutamine poliitilistes kampaaniates, et suur osa Eesti inimesi ei näe selles midagi taunimisväärset ning isegi samastub sellega

  13. Surface Observation Climatic Summaries (SOCS) for Volk Field ANGB, Wisconsin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    LIMIT(S), EITHER SEPARATELY OR IN ANY C󈧒RINATI"Pl. TOTALS PROGRESS FROM RIGHT Tl LEFT AND PRUM BOTTOM1 T2 TOP. TOJ OETER Iljt CEILINS ALINE, REFER TO...THE cATREME7 RIGTHAND CO]LUMN (ZER? VISI3ILITY). TO DETERM’INE VISIBI1LITY ALINE, R’EFER TO THE BOTTOM ROW (ZEkO CEILINGS). OETER 𔃾INE THE P9F THAT

  14. Romantiline ajareis olevikust tulevikku mineviku kaudu / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    26. veebruaril Eesti muusika päevade ja programmi "Tallinn - Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2011" raames Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud Tatjana Kozlova autorikontserdist, kus kaasa tegid Annamaria Morini (flööt, Itaalia), Enzo Porta (viiul, Itaalia) ja ansambel Resonabilis

  15. Interdistsiplinaarsus - idee või tegelikkus? / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2016-01-01

    Kuigi koostöö kunstivaldkondade sees ja nende vahel on toiminud juba pikka aega, on hariduse andmisel püüdnud iga kunstiala seni võimalikult iseseisvaks jääda. 2016. aasta sügisel TLÜ BFMi uues bakalaureuse õppekavas püütakse ühest küljest säilitada iga valdkonna identiteeti, nõudmisi ja standardeid, kuid valdkondi ühendab digitaalne ja multimeediumipõhine mõtlemine ning tehnoloogilised vahendid

  16. Sibelius tõi eestlastele Grammy! / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Los Angeleses toimunud muusikaauhindade jagamisel pälvis teiste hulgas Grammy Eesti koorimuusika: auhinna sai Sibeliuse "Kantaadid" Ellerheina, Eesti Rahvusmeeskoori ja Eesti Riikliku Sümfooniaorkestri esituses Paavo Järvi dirigeerimisel

  17. "Suveaaria" algab müsteeriumiga / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    12. juulil algava Pärnu Ooperi etendustesarja "Suveaaria" raames Pärnu Vanalinna Põhikooli õuel toimuvatest kontsertetendustest: Andrus Kallastu müsteeriumist "Valgus ja vari", installatsioon-ooperite sarja "Kataloog" esimesest etendusest "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest", Hans-Gunter Locki muusikateatrietendusest "Mudamuusikateraapia laboratoorium" ja uudsena installatsioon-ooperite sarja "Kataloog" etendusest "Armustseene kvaliteetooperitest"

  18. Gerhard van der Linde (University of South Africa) Massimo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Aurora Borealis è il libro di poesie pubblicato dall'Agorà Edizioni, Lo. Specchio di Dionisio, collana di testi poetici diretta da Angelo Tonelli. Il volume è diviso in cinque parti: “Invocazioni Artiche”, “Il viaggio”, “Ombre. Bianche”, “Artict Alaska” e “Principium Mundi”. Le poesie che formano “Invocazioni Artiche” sono pervase da.

  19. Munich Re konsultant Gerhard Berz : katastroofid on meie ärile kasulikud / Gerhard Berz ; interv. Ulrich Schnabel, tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berz, Gerhard

    2005-01-01

    Intervjuu meteoroloogiga, kes on kolm aastakümmet arvutanud edasikindlustusfirma Munich Re heaks loodusõnnetuste riske ja viibinud ligi viiekümnes katastroofipiirkonnas. Vaatamata sellele, et 2004. aasta oli kõige kulukamate looduskatastroofide aasta, saavutas firma läbi aegade parimad majandustulemused. Lisa: Meeletu kahju

  20. Johan de Boose, Het geluk van Rusland. Reis naar het eenzaamste volk op aarde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Metz

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Ces dernières années Johan de Boose, slaviste, poète et romancier, a publié plusieurs livres retraçant ses expéditions en Europe centrale et orientale. Son dernier ouvrage, consacré à la Russie, peut être perçu comme l’apogée de ses récits de voyage. Il y dresse un bilan à la fois élaboré et très personnel de ses rencontres avec la Russie et ses habitants au cours des trois dernières décennies.Het geluk van Rusland (Le bonheur de la Russie appartient au genre du « voyage sentimental » : à l’...

  1. Installation Restoration Program. Remedial Investigation Report. Volk Field Air National Guard, Camp Douglas, Wisconsin. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    Surface Area Contacted Per Event SB soil boring Sb Antimony SD sediment sample SDG Sample Delivery Group SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act Se Selenium sec second...and were laid out using a Brunton compass and measuring tape. The station locations were gridded at intervals of 25 feet. Measurements indicating the

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Orbital parameters of Kuiper Belt objects (Volk+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volk, K.; Malhotra, R.

    2017-11-01

    Our starting point is the list of minor planets in the outer solar system cataloged in the database of the Minor Planet Center (http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/iau/lists/t_centaurs.html and http://www.minorplanetcenter.net/iau/lists/t_tnos.html) as of 2016 October 20. The complete listing of our sample, including best-fit orbital parameters and sky locations, is provided in Table1. (1 data file).

  3. Über die des dialekts von Prekmurje in der volks – und Schriftsprache

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilko Novak

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available Das ca 1000 km2 umfangreiche Land Prekmurje (Übermurgebiet, zwischen der Mur und Raab (Rába, ist der nördlichste Teil der SR Slowenien. Weil das Land bis zum 12. 8. 1919 zu Ungarn gehörte, war es nationalpolitisch und kulturell vom übrigen Slowenentum in Österreich ganz abgetrennt. Die geringe literarische Tätigkeit - in erster Linie für religiöse, volkserbauliche und unterhaltsame Zwecke - konnte sich von 1715 weiter nur im einheimis.chen Dialekt entwickeln. So entstanden zuerst für die Evangelischen bestimmte Katechismen, Lasebücher und als Gipfel- ' punkt: die Übersetzung des Neuen Testaments von Števan Kuzmič (Nouvi Zákon ali Testamentom ••• Halle, 1771. An diese knüpften sich später die Psalmenübersetzung von Aleksander Terplan (1848, kirchliche Gesangbücher (von Mihál Bakoš 1789, Mihál Barla 1823, Jánoš Kardoš 1848', die auch das alte, zuerst im Grunde im kajkavischen Dialekt verfasste Liedergut in handschriftlichen Gesangbüchern (vom 17. Jh. weiter aufgenommen haben.

  4. Hoogmoed as motief in die profetiese uitsprake teen nie-Israelitiese volke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. Boshoff

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Pride as motif in the prophecies against foreign nations Pride is a common motif in the prophecies against foreign nations. The concept of pride in these prophecies must be understood in a theological context, i.e. that everything has its place and function within the world order. Pride represents a short-circuit within this world order. It is God who acts against pride, every time. Significantly, pride as a motif appears especially in times of exile.

  5. Mobilisierung des amerikanischen Volks zum Eintritt in den Ersten Weltkrieg mithilfe von Bildpropaganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Stiehl

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses how, after years of neutrality, the government of the USA managed to convince their multicultural society that an American entry into the First World War was necessary. It is presumed that the suggestive power of the state run poster propaganda greatly contributed to winning the approval of the majority of Americans, which resonated in the United States’ total mobilization. Three posters of the Committee on Public Information and the U. S. Food Administration are used to demonstrate how the enemy was represented and how the inclusion of children and emigrants helped to evoke a patriotic spirit as well as an idea of national unity in the observer.

  6. Führer, Volk und Vaterland verpflichtet The Obligations Towards Führer, People and Fatherland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Schoppmann

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Organisation „Glaube und Schönheit“ war eine Gründung innerhalb des Bundes Deutscher Mädel (BDM, die den 18- bis 21-jährigen ‚arischen‘ Frauen im ‚Dritten Reich‘ vorbehalten war, um diese für die Ziele der ‚Volksgemeinschaft‘ zu instrumenalisieren. Sabine Hering und Kurt Schilde rekonstruieren nicht nur die Struktur der kaum noch bekannten Organisation; in zwölf Gesprächen mit Zeitzeuginnen gehen sie auch den bis in die heutige Zeit reichenden Auswirkungen auf die Beteiligten nach.The organization “Glaube und Schönheit” ("Belief and Beauty" was an organization within the Bund Deutscher Mädel, which was reserved for 18 up to 21 year old “Aryan” women during the Nazi period in order to functionalize them according to the goals of the “Volksgemeinschaft”. Sabine Hering and Kurt Schilde not only reconstruct the structure of the organization, which is mostly unknown today; in twelve interviews with contemporaries they also deal with the far reaching impacts on the people who were involved in this organization.

  7. 'Die koren onthoudt, wordt gevloekt onder het volk...'. De zwarte markt in voedingswaren 1940-1948

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.A.M. Klemann

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The Black Market in Food Stuffs (1940-1948In this article on the black market during the German occupation of the Netherlands and the first few years following it, it becomes clear that market production only started in 1941 and accounted for approximately 20% of annual agrarian production from 1942 until 1948. The big exception was 1944 and 1945, when famine swept over the area of the country that was still occupied. During this time, black market production was not only up to 40% but the nature of the production also changed. Until 1943, luxury products had been sold. In 1944 and 1945 this changed to potatoes, corn and even sugar beet. When one reconstructs the series of tables on the cost of living at the time, including black market prices and the real wages that resulted from these, it becomes apparent that up to 1943 the real income of wage earners dropped dramatically by 40% compared to 1939, however in 1944 and 1945 the index number (1939 = 100 dropped even further to as little as 32 and 24. It was only by exchanging shoes, clothing, jewellery and furniture that the starving population of the urbanised western part of the country was able to survive. Farmers, on the other hand, earned a lot from it.

  8. Sibelius: Der Sturm, Op. 109, Neeme Järvi / Gerhard Pätzig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pätzig, Gerhard

    1990-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Sibelius: Der Sturm, Op. 109, (Vorspiel und Konzertsuiten zu Shakespeares Drama), Cassazione, Op.6, Preludio, Tiera. Sinfonieorchester Göteborg, Neeme Järvi". BIS/ Disco-Center CD 448 71'43") DDD

  9. Professor Gerhard Rägo nimelised medalid tema 115. sünniaastal / Tiit Lepmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepmann, Tiit, 1949-

    2012-01-01

    Tänavused medalisaajad: Mare-Lee Hamer - Nõo Reallgümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja ; Ülle Hüva - Tartu Hugo Treffneri Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja ; Helen Kaasik - Tallinna Reaalkooli matemaatikaõpetaja ; Ellen Redi - Tallinna Ülikooli matemaatika-loodusteaduskonna dotsent ; Tiia Toobal - Pärnu Koidula Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja

  10. Professor Gerhard Rägo nimelise medali laureaadid 2012. aastal / Tiit Lepmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepmann, Tiit, 1949-

    2014-01-01

    Medali said Tallinna Ülikooli Matemaatika ja Loodusteaduste Instituudi professor Andi Kivinukk, Vändra Gümnaasiumi endine matemaatikaõpetaja Väino Külvi, Pärnu Koidula Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetajad Lemmi Nael ja Arvo Press, Nõo Reaalgümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja Sirje Sild, Lääne-Viru Maavalitsuse Haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna inspektor ja Rakvere Eragümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja Maaja Valter ja Tallinna Reaalkool

  11. Indirect perpetration : a perfect fit for international prosecution of armchair killers? / Gerhard Werle, Boris Burghardt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Werle, Gerhard

    2011-01-01

    Kaudse kuriteo kavandaja kriminaalvastutusest, teiste inimeste kasutamisest kuriteo toimeopanekuks, vastavast Saksamaa seadusandlusest, kuritegude toimepanekust läbi organiseeritud võimustruktuuride Ladina-Ameerikas ja Hispaanias ning presidendi vastutusest inimsusvastaste kuritegude puhul

  12. Avatud meeled ja intellektuaalsed mõttemängud / Gerhard Lock ja Evelin Lagle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    10. sünnipäeva tähistava Küberstuudio tegevusest. 2. märtsil Kumu auditooriumis etendunud Monika Mattieseni ja Hasso Krulli multimeediaooperist "Loomise mõnu", kavas olid ka Mirjam Tally ja Erkki-Sven Tüüri elektroakustilised teosed flöödile ja kammerorkestrile

  13. PROF. ULRICH GERHARD LAUTS (1787— 1865). In sy studie „De ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    In sy studie „De beteekenis van 1813 voor Nederlands geestelijke beschaving"') het die .... af te lê. Daarna het hulle hul eed nog weer bevestig om trou te bly aan ..... L. 'n ver dedigende skrywe aan die Minister gestuur na aanleiding van 'n twis met die militêre geneesheer („Rijksarchief," Dept. van Marine. Prof. U. G..

  14. 'Het Afghaanse volk heeft onze maar ook uw steun nodig' : de rol van buitenlands beleid in de Amerikaanse presidentsverkiezingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssens, R.

    2008-01-01

    Ruud Janssens presents his essay 'The Afghan People need Our Troops and Your Troops': The role of foreign policy in the American Presidential Elections. Given the Global War on Terror, and specifically the American military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan, foreign policy plays a prominent role in

  15. Paleizen van het volk. Stemmen voor de democratisering van het museumbezoek in België (1860-1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Nys

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Palaces of the people. Lobbying on behalf of the democratisation of museum visits in Belgium (1860-1914In the second half of the nineteenth century Belgian museums increasingly came under fire. They were heavily criticized for having become lifeless institutions that   failed to fulfil their educational role. The mundane and overcrowded manner in which they presented their collections and their failure to provide any background information for visitors concerning their exhibits resulted in them being viewed as rather boring establishments by most people. A handful of museum reformers who wanted to help museums lose their reputation for stuffiness and elitism came up with all kinds of proposals to make the process of visiting museums more democratic. This article examines those proposals. The case of the Koninklijke Museums voor Sier- en Nijverheidskunst, established in 1889 in Brussels, is used to illustrate how the museums themselves dealt with the criticism and plans for reform. In this way it is hoped that some light may be shed on a relatively unexplored area, namely the history of cultural consumption and museum attendance in Belgium in the nineteenth century.

  16. Volk FLD. Camp Douglas, Wisconsin. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts A-F

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-08-03

    14,9.1 91.7 92.9 93,9 93.8 t.3, 94.1I 94o4 94.4 04.4 94,4 94.4i 94.4 S700 564 Vto7 0 -4 - 777*.V 1~71 93,P; V 414 94 f 94.7 91j 95.O 0 C. 9! 1 9~3#0, a 600...94.8 94,1 94o8 Q49.82 96 40 8 4 t A 94.’ CIA S700 A , 3 0 6:1 08,7 909 ?10~ 94 95tz 95t2 9524 4 954 9!12 9512 94 9r4 H > 600 (.7, t,3 9 1,1 b8𔄁 90.9...95 ,, 9 , ,0 9 50’ , , ’=., , ’ T 0o &,t 435 ,3 8 6!4 69,3 9l~o 47,-7 94,V 96,6 96.6 97,P. 97,2I 7.2 t)7. 2 lf 4 7, _2 . 97.; S700 Obs U3 6h 9l U

  17. Masinlikud mahhinatsioonid ja vapustav mustkunst : Kaasaegse muusikateatri mäng ootustega festivalil NYYD '09 / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Festivalil NYYD 2009 (20.-25. oktoober), mis oli pühendatud teatri- ja multimeediaprojektidele, etendunud multimeedialavastustest: Saksa helilooja Heiner Goebbelsi lavastusest Eraritjaritjaka, prantsuse helilooja Georges Aperghis'e lavastusest Machinations

  18. Het antirevolutionaire volk achter de kiezers. De mythe van een leuze. De electorale aanhang van de ARP rond 1885 en in 1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. de Jong

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Anti-Revolutionary People behind the Voters. Fact or fiction? The Electoral Support of the ARP around 1885 and in 1918The rallying cry ‘The people behind the voters’ symbolised the political discrimination against the anti-revolutionaries. The restricted franchise, based on tax assessments, was supposed to favour the liberals. It is, however, doubtful whether this rallying cry represented any real form of discrimination or whether it should be regarded instead as part of the self-image of the antirevolutionaries. This is hard to determine. The number of seats gained during elections is not a very good benchmark because the absolute majority run-off system (constituency voting system with a second ballot forced political parties to look for electoral cooperation. The size of the electoral support, on the other hand, can be estimated, when the election results of several carefully selected constituencies from the 1880s are compared with the election results of 1918. At this point, the votes were being cast under the regime of proportional representation and universal male suffrage. The anti-revolutionary electoral gains in 1918 turned out to be so small, that the rallying cry ‘The people behind the voters’ must be regarded as being out of touch with reality. Already, under the very restricted suffrage of the 1880s, the anti-revolutionaries had almost reached the peak of their electoral support.

  19. „lauter Erfahrungs-Sachen“ – Gerhard Tersteegens Lied „Gott ist gegenwärtig“ – Bedeutung und Rezeption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Nientiedt

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Hymnology and hymnal studies are working interdisciplinary: History, linguistics, literary science and theology, especially the liturgical perspective, are being brought together and can provide valuable insight to social history and the history of mentality. Unfortunately this potential is rarely seen or acted upon. This paper on Tersteegens song Gott ist gegenwärtig gives an example of the possibilities of hymnology and hymnal studies. It also evinces Tersteegens interdenominational importance as a mystic. In the course of this enquiry terms like ‘pietism’ and ‘mysticism’ are outlined and set into the context of the Enlightment and the history of hymnals. Following this line of thought, it is to be ascertained how suitable the categories ‘pietist’ and ‘mystic’ are to describe Tersteegen and how important singing was to him personally. In the final analysis possible interpretations of Tersteegens song Gott ist gegenwärtig are brought to attention and the reception of his work in several hymn books is illustrated. The history of reception draws from the stock of the hymnal archive of the IAK Gesangbuchforschung.

  20. Evocatin of the Spirit: A-capella-Werke von Gorecki, Pärt, Martin, Barber und Schönberg / Gerhard Pätzig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pätzig, Gerhard

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Evocatin of the Spirit: A-capella-Werke von Gorecki, Pärt, Martin, Barber und Schönberg. Robert Shaw Festival Singers. Robert Shaw (AD: 1994). Telarc/in-akustik CD 80406 (WD: 72'15")

  1. Remember Gerhard Richter in the Thunderstorm of Beethoven: The Influence of Cross-Sensory Coupling on Memory, Intercultural Communication, and the Verbalization of Paintings and Sounds

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez Emilie

    2014-01-01

    This interdisciplinary study focuses on the perception and verbalization of messages conveyed through instrumental music, soundscapes, and contemporary paintings. International young-adult university students learning German participated in a series of experiments conducted at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, Germany. To incorporate globalization and cultural difference into this analysis, the author compared the reactions of Western and Asian participants to auditory and visual stimuli...

  2. Kõik koos? Ennastjuhtiva õppija hindamisvõimalused loomingulises rühmatöös / Marit Mõitlik-Tamm, Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõistlik-Tamm, Marit, 1983-

    2017-01-01

    Artikkel annab ülevaate ennastjuhtiva õppija hindamisvõimalustest, keskendudes interdistsiplinaarsel ehk valdkondadevahelisel inspiratsioonil põhinevale loomingulisele rühmatööle kursusel "Muusikalise ühisloome praktikum"

  3. Book Review ~ Socio-Economics of Virtual Universities: Experiences from open and distance higher education in Europe. Edited by Friedhelm Nickolmann and Gerhard E. Ortner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Paul Kirschner

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available If I begin on the “topicality” of the content, I can stop immediately. But that will not yield the promised review, so let’s do it a different way. I’ll begin with the content and with the title itself: Virtual Universities. How do they think up such titles? Isn’t virtual reality, a reality that does not exist? Instead, isn’t it a combination of interaction between the digital zeroes and ones of my computer (often networked with other computers and the perceptions of my sensory organs and how they are processed by my brain. The feelings, people, and things that inhabit such virtual worlds don’t really exist, except in my own mind. But now a “virtual university?” As I understand from this book, virtual universities really do exist, real people work there (and are paid real money, real students study there, and real diplomas are awarded. Nothing virtual about this! Or is “virtual universities” just a sexy new buzzword to set apart what used to be called correspondence or distance universities from traditional, contiguous universities? If this is the case and the “campus of a VU is globally open, electronically accessible . . . free of real time constrictions . . . ” (p. 10 then I am again back to my first problem, namely that topicality renders the term “virtual” virtually useless? Most universities are already partially virtual or are rapidly becoming so. So what’s a poor vacationer to do?

  4. Kuressaare Ametikool. Disaini- ja tarbekunstierialade õppehoone Disainimajakas = Kuressaare Vocational School. Building for design and applied art specialities "Design Lighthouse"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Kuressaare Ametikooli õppehoone Disainimajakas Kohtu tänav 22. Arhitektid Raili Hurt, Päärn Volk (RTG Arhitektid), Martin Kinks (Karisma Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Raili Hurt, Päärn Volk, Martin Kinks

  5. Hoogmoed as motief in die profetiese uitsprake teen nie-Israelitiese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mia, Esegiei, Sefanja en Sagaria maak almal van hoogmoed as motief gebruik wanneer hulle hul uitsprake teen nie-Israelitiese volke maak. Dit is egter opvallend dat Amos nie in sy reeks uitsprake teen nie-. Israelitiese volke hoogmoed ter sprake bring nie. Amos noem wel baie ander redes waarom die volke gestraf word, ...

  6. Kontrasti ja sünteesi piirimail : Meelefilosoofiast, modernistlikust nüüdismuusikast ja vaatemängulisest tegevuskunstist Pärnu nüüdismuusika + "InGraafika" ühisfestivalil 2009 / Gerhard Lock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lock, Gerhard, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Pärnu nüüdismuusika päevade raames Pärnu kunstnike majas 16. jaanuaril toimunud sümpoosioni teemal "Muusika ja meel" ettekannetest, 17. jaanuaril "InGraafika" päev ja eksperimentaalne performance "Meeled ja meeletus", multimeedia töötubadest (12.-15. jaan.) ja kontserdist "Modernistlik kammermuusika" 30. jaanuaril Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis

  7. The Concept of Islamic Art: Inherited Discourses and New Approaches’, in Benoît Junod, Georges Khalil, Stefan Weber and Gerhard Wolf, eds, Islamic Art and the Museum, London: Saqi, 2012. Reproduced by permission of the author and publishers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülru Necipoğlu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the shift in the field, since the 1970s, from a predominant focus on the early period of Islamic art and architecture in the ‘central zone’ of the Fertile Crescent to a broader chronological and geographical scope. This shift has contributed, among other things, to a change of emphasis from artistic unity to variety, accompanied by an increasing diversification of concepts and approaches including dynastic, regional, media-based, textual, theoretical, critical, and historiographical inquiries. The article seeks to address the unresolved methodological tensions arising from the expanded scope of the field, along with concomitant anxieties over the fragmentation of its traditional ‘universalism’. It begins by outlining the premises of still prevalent approaches inherited from the construction of the field during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a field rooted in the entangled legacies of Orientalism, nationalism, and dilletantism. The article then reviews the statements of some scholars on the state and future of the field before turning to personal reflections on challenges posed by its expanding horizons and its relationship to the Museum.

  8. Singularities: the Brieskorn anniversary volume

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brieskorn, Egbert; Arnolʹd, V. I; Greuel, G.-M; Steenbrink, J. H. M

    1998-01-01

    ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Main theorem ... 3 Ideals of ideal-unimodal plane curve singularities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References ... Gert-Martin Greuel and Gerhard Pfister...

  9. 'n Ondersoek na die eenheid en teologiese boodskap van Jesaja 13 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    patroon inpas nie. Volgens Wildberger is die eenheid van Jesaja 13-23 af te lei uit die inhoud van die uitsprake, aangesien die uitsprake almal teen verskillende vreemde volke gemaak word (Wildberger 1978:479). Die uitsondering is egter Jesa ja 22:1-14 wat nie teen 'n ander volk gemaak word nie, maar teen Jerusalem ...

  10. De novo assembly and transcriptome characterization of an Armillaria solidipes mycelial fan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amy L. Ross-Davis; Jane E. Stewart; John W. Hanna; Mee-Sook Kim; Rich C. Cronn; Hardeep S. Rai; Bryce A. Richardson; Geral I. McDonald; Ned B. Klopfenstein

    2012-01-01

    Armillaria (Fr.) Staude is a widely distributed fungal genus comprising approximately 40 species (Volk and Burdsall 1995) that display diverse ecological behaviors ranging from beneficial saprobe to virulent pathogen. Armillaria solidipes (formerly A. ostoyae; Burdsall and Volk 2008; pending vote to conserve A. ostoyae; Redhead et al. 2011), one of the causal agents of...

  11. die pers as bron oor die geskiedenis van die eerste vrydeidsoorlog

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dood agv wonde wat hy tydens die slag opgedoen het. Dit was vir die Britse volk onaanvaarbaar dat slegs twee Boere gedood is nadat daar tussen. 20 000 en 30 000 rondtes op die Boere afgevuur is. Die pers kon net nie die ware syfers publiseer nie, want dit sou na 'n onwaarheid Iyk. Het die. Britse volk egter die Boere ...

  12. Saksa valimisi kummitab ajalootaak / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa parlamendivalimiste kantslerikandidaatide - sotsiaaldemokraat Gerhard Schröderi ja kristliku demokraadi Angela Merkeli valimiskampaaniatest ning välispoliitilistest ideedest. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  13. Genetics Home Reference: Liddle syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 3. Citation on PubMed Snyder PM, Price MP, McDonald FJ, Adams CM, Volk KA, Zeiher BG, Stokes ... 10 All Bulletins Features What is direct-to-consumer genetic testing? What are genome editing and CRISPR- ...

  14. A Linear Programming Approach for Determining Travel Cost Minimizing ECSS Training Locations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    can accommodate the simultaneous training of many personnel. 1. Gulfport CRTC, Mississippi 2. Savannah CRTC, Georgia 3. Alpena CRTC, Michigan 4...327 224 Savannah CRTC 266 182 Alpena CRTC 493 343 Volk Field CRTC 136 91 Hill ALC 210 147 Hanscom ALC 414 287 Tinker ALC 620 434 Robins ALC 1332...Location Frequency within Optimal Solutions across All Phases 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Gulfport CRTC Savannah CRTC Alpena CRTC Volk

  15. The Bundeswehr in the 21st Century - Between Prussia’s Glory and Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    Militärisches Journal in 1797. This essay is edited in: Ursula von Gersdorff, ed., Gerhard von Scharnhorst: Ausgewählte Schriften (Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag...Gersdorff, Ursula von, ed. Gerhard von Scharnhorst: Ausgewählte Schriften. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag, 1983. Görlitz, Walter. Geschichte des

  16. Dysmenorrhoea

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    harm requires deeper analysis. ... Correspondence to: Gerhard Lindeque, e-mail: gerhard.lindeque@up.ac.za ... cigarette smoking. Combined oral contraceptives are a safe and successful therapeutic choice for the symptomatic relief of dysmenorrhoea. Modern practice suggests the use of combined pills with a low.

  17. Художники Кюгельгены. Ч. I-II / Марат Гайнуллин, Александра Мурре

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Гайнуллин, Марат, 1933-

    2010-01-01

    Saksa kunstnikest, Venemaal, sh. Eesti alal elanud ja töötanud kaksikvendadest Karl Ferdinand ja Gerhard Franz Kügelgenist ning nende kunstnikest järglastest Wilhelm von Kügelgenist (Gerhard Franzi poeg), Konstantin von Kügelgenist (Karl Ferdinandi poeg) ning viimase tütrest Sally von Kügelgenist

  18. An algorithm for the 〈r, s〉-domination number of a tree

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dedication to Emeritus Professor Gerhard Geldenhuys. Dedicated to my friend and colleague Professor Gerhard Geldenhuys, a gentleman and scholar, on the occasion of his 70th birthday. This friendship has led to twenty years of fruitful research collaborations on practical aspects of graph theory involving scientists from.

  19. ARTS@CERN Dance Session At Restaurant 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2012-01-01

    Walls and floors are the surfaces on which the German ar5st Gerhard Mayer draws large scale works. From art galleries to public buildings in Europe and the US, including even churches, Gerhard Mayer makes site specific drawings, with energe5c flowing lines of ink. He is par5cularly aEracted to drawing clouds, twisted swirls , shapes and eddies, reflec5ng flow in the micro and macro world. He also works in sculpture and pain5ng too – crea5ng complex puzzles and collages with an intensity reminiscent of Brueghel. On the occasion of his visit to CERN curated by Arts@CERN, Gerhard Mayer will talk about his love of drawing, his aErac5on to making work in public spaces and present his work for Nürnbergs Neues Museum called LHC. See examples of Gerhard Mayer’s work here hEp://www.gerhard-­‐mayer.com/

  20. Geschichtlicher Überblick

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bölke, Klaus-Peter

    Die Nachweise einer schadlosen Ableitung von Abwässern lassen sich bis weit in die Vergangenheit zurückverfolgen. Sie waren bereits zur damaligen Zeit eine Forderung zur Pflege der öffentlichen Reinlichkeit. Der Kanalisationsbau ist auch immer ein Ausdruck der Kultur eines Volkes gewesen. So kann festgestellt werden, dass im Zusammenhang mit der Hochkultur eines Volkes auch der Kanalbau ein vorherrschendes Thema war. Der Kanalbau steht auch in einem engen Zusammenhang mit dem Wasserleitungsbau. Es ist nur logisch, dass dort wo Wasser teilweise aus großer Entfernung herangeführt worden ist, dieses dann nach Gebrauch auch wieder schadlos beseitigt werden musste.

  1. Benchmarking GNU Radio Kernels and Multi-Processor Scheduling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    Linux, GNU Radio, and file system for target machine • Run benchmarking scripts with VOLK enabled • Run benchmarking scripts with VOLK disabled ...numpy.arange(1,11) pipes3d, stages3d = numpy.meshgrid(pipes, stages) # print results.size 86 # print pipes.size # print stages.size surf = s1.plot_surface...pipes3d, stages3d, results, rstride=1, cstride=1,cmap=cm.jet, linewidth=0, antialiased=True) 90 # f1.colorbar( surf , shrink=0.5, aspect=5) # s1.set_zlim3d

  2. Merkel võitles end Saksa esimeseks naiskantsleriks / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsleriks saab kristlike demokraatide juht Angela Merkel, senine riigijuht Gerhard Schröder ei osale tõenäoliselt uues koalitsioonis. Kristlik Demokraatlik Partei ja Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Partei leppisid kokku ministrikohtade jaotuses. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  3. Coherence comes full circle. Interview by Joerg Heber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Materlik, Gerhard

    2010-05-01

    Coherent synchrotron radiation has revolutionized the study of molecules and materials. Talking to Nature Materials, Gerhard Materlik, CEO of the Diamond Light Source, discusses the many uses of synchrotron sources and free electron lasers.

  4. Saksamaa endine valitsusjuht saab gaasijuhtme eest pahandada / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa opositsioonipoliitikud ning välismaa meedia kritiseerivad Saksa endise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi asumist Vene-Saksa gaasijuhet rajava firma etteotsa. Korruptsiooni jälgiva organisatsiooni Transparency International Saksamaa esindaja hinnang

  5. Saksa maaligeenius Kumus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Gerhard Richteri (sünd. 1932) maalinäitus Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, koostaja Saksa Välissuhete Instituut. Tõnis Saadoja näitus "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis, kus eksponeeritakse segatehnikas portreesid, mis on inspireeritud G. Richteri sarjast "48 portreed"

  6. Balti aadlipreili kunstiharrastusest : Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel (1773/74-1842) = Artistic pursuits of an aristocratic Baltic lady : Helene Marie Zoege von Manteuffel (1773/74-1842) / Kadi Polli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Polli, Kadi, 1973-

    2014-01-01

    Aadlitüdrukute haridusest ja kunstiharidusest Balti valgustusaja kunsti(haridus)maastikul. Perekond Zoege von Manteuffeli kunstilembusest ja Ojasoo mõisa tähtsusest baltisaksa kunstiajaloos. Helene Mariest Franz Gerhard Kügelgeni õpilasena ja abikaasana

  7. Evolutionary epistemology, rationality, and the sociology of knowledge

    CERN Document Server

    Bartley, W W

    1993-01-01

    This collection of essays in support of the theory of evolutionary epistemology includes articles by Karl Popper, Peter Munz and Gerhard Vollmer. This volume attempts to show how an evolutionary and non-justificational approach affects the sociology of knowledge.

  8. Tugev ja isikupärane Catalano

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Sanitaarkeraamikat tootvast Itaalia ettevõttest Catalano, mis tegutseb 1967. aastast. 2007. a. saab tootmisküpseks uus kollektsioon "Roma". Eestis on alates 2002. aastast Catalano ametlikuks maaletoojaks Gerhard

  9. Kantsler lapsendas lastekodust tüdruku / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2004-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsler Gerhard Schröder ja tema abikaasa adopteerisid Peterburi lastekodulapse. Doris Schröder-Köpf juhib abiprogrammi, mille eesmärk on parandada lastekodude ja tänavalaste olukorda Peterburis

  10. Pilguheit eksiilvalitsuse ajalukku / Joel Haukka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haukka, Joel

    2005-01-01

    Raamatu "Tõotan ustavaks jääda - Eesti Vabariigi Valitsus 1940-1992" tutvustus. Väljaandmist toetasid majanduslikult Mart Laari juhitud Eesti Vabariigi valitsus, samuti Gerhard Kõrbi fond ning Ervin-Jüri ja Eili Nõmmera fond Stockholmis

  11. The Urlinie in Hindemith's String quartet op. 22, second movement / Timothy L. Jackson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jackson, Timothy L.

    2008-01-01

    Hindemithi Neljanda keelpillikvarteti 2. osa muusikaanalüüs. Muusikalooline taust Paul Hindemithi, Heinrich Schenkeri, Wilhelm Furtwängleri, Bruno Stürmeri ja Gerhard Albersheimi kirjavahetuse varal. Artikli lõpus saksakeelsed originaalkirjad

  12. MULTILEVEL SYNCRETISM AND THE EVOLUTION OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MULTILEVEL SYNCRETISM AND THE EVOLUTION OF AFRIKAANS. PERIPHRASTIC POSSESSIVES WITH SE. Paul T. Roberge. University or North Carolina, Chapel ..... van hem ook een bees gestoole ben ook drie volk !lli!. spoor en ook ben daar bij Bester een velds waage uijt gespanne gewees heef zulle de man zijn ...

  13. ONS SUID-AFRIKAANSE KINDERHELDE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Met die dat ons vanjaar Jeugjaar vier is dit nie onvanpas am ons geheue weer te verfris en terug te dink aan soveel kinders wat hulle le- wens vir volk en vaderland opgeoffer het nie. Vroeer in die Voortrekkertyd is iemand onder sestien jaar as 'n kind beskou. Seuns het sodra hulle 16 jaar oud geword het, in die au Trans-.

  14. Die spore van Raka: oor herskrywing en kanonisering

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Raka is die beliggaming van die donker dierlikheid, van onbeheerste drif en sinnelikheid en. […] Koki, simbool van die onvertroebelde gewete van sy volk.” Lindenberg e.a. (1973: 50) se interpretasie impliseer dat Raka oor die ...

  15. op weg na 'n komprehensiewe geskiedenis van Ou-Israel

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wee religieuse redes. Hierdie groep mense (gewoonlik gelowige Chris- tene en Jdde) glo dat die volk Israel deur God uitverkies is en dat God dus in 'n besondere sin in Ou-Israel se geskiedenis gewerk het en hom daarin geopenbaar het. Deur Ou-Israel se geskiedenis te bestudeer kom mens meer van God se openbaring ...

  16. Det skadelige 'rum'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Axel

    2014-01-01

    kortlagt. Ud over Hitlers magtfulde politiske retorik er det i Hans Grimms roman Volk ohne Raum, Karl Haushofers geopolitiske rumstudier, Konrad Meyers rumforskning, Carl Schmitts udkast til en ’folkeretslig storrumsordning’ samt i Werner Bests maximer for en etnicistisk storrumsforvaltning, at rum...

  17. Onderzoekers foerageren ook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blacquiere, T.

    2012-01-01

    Het is mei. Tenzij het regent, zijn de bijen de hele lange dag aan het zoeken en binnenhalen van nectar, stuifmeel, propolis, water. Dat foerageren gebeurt om te voorzien in de behoeften van het hele bijenvolk op dít moment: als het heet is moet er meteen water worden gehaald om het volk te koelen.

  18. GODSBEELDE IN DIE LITURGIE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 Mei 2010 ... Biezeveld, de Boer, Brümmer, Muis. 2001; Brown 2006; Durand 2007). ... Wanneer sal hy weer in God se teenwoordigheid verskyn (vers 3)? Dié vraag is vol onsekerheid. (Schuman 2004:8). Sy onsekerheid ... God se volk en die enkeling in die geskiedenis het al die trou van God ervaar waarop die digter ...

  19. Antibiotic activity of two Anabaena species against four fish ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-08-04

    Aug 4, 2008 ... algae (Issa, 1999 and Volk and Furkert, 2006), but there is no data about effects ... Ten microliters of the ethyl acetate fractions were applied on the plates and the ..... catfish and aquaculture ponds. Aquaculture 99: 203–211.

  20. voorgeskiedenis tot die stigting van 'n unieverdedigingsmag

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gesien nie en toe die wetsontwerp op 23 Februa- rie 1912 deur Smuts in sy hoedanigheid as Mi- nister van Verdediging ingedien is, het Beyers heelwat kritiek daarop gehad. Beyers het be- weer dat dit op vergaderings geblyk het dat die volk wou he Engeland moet steeds die verdedi- ging waarneem aangesien die Unie ...

  1. die rol van kleurlinge in suid afrika se militere verlede

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die geval, want hierdie volks- groep het 'n lang en kleurryke historiese verbin- tenis met die miltere verlede van Suid-Afrika. Die feit dat die Kleurlinge nou op die drumpel staan van 'n nuwe tydvak in die staatkundige ontwikke- ling van die Republiek van Suid-Afrika, beteken ook nie dat hulle vir die eerste maal ten nouste.

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... years of archery shooting experience were recruited for the first stage of the experiment. However, in the ..... motor skills under educational aspect. Berlin: Volk Und ... Science in Sports and Exercise, 1991, 23(1):123-129 ... application of inertial measurement units and wearable sensors to measure selected.

  3. BEG IN SE LSVANBYBE LV ERTA LIN G * „Vertaal beteken twee ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    RoSENZWEtG, wat tesame met MARTIN BuBER 'n uiters merkwaardige. *Lesing gehou ... Dit het ook LuTHER, die Bybelvertaler vir die Duitse volk, wel goed ...... king en die kleur van die oorspronklike behou word selfs al sou daar mee aan ...

  4. Picturing anti-Semitism in the Nazi-occupied Netherlands : Anti-Jewish Stereotyping in a racist Second World War Comic Strip

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ribbens, Kees

    In 1942, the Dutch weekly magazine Volk en Vaderland, which propagated the political opinions of the Dutch National Socialists in the Nazi-occupied Netherlands, published a comic strip, “Rare, maar ware commentaren” (Odd, but true comments). In it, the illustrator, Peter Beekman (1911–1959) depicted

  5. The Mystery of Waldorf: A Turn-of-the-Century German Experiment on Today's American Soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oberman, Ida

    At its inception, Waldorf education was not to be a special, "boutique" reform. Nor was it to cater to children of a higher social standing. In fact, Waldorf broke out of the hierarchically tracked education system present in turn-of-the-century Germany. The founding father, Rudolf Steiner, called for a "Volks" pedagogy, a…

  6. Me aiaäärne tsivilisatsioon / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Gerhard Richteri näitus "Ülevaade" 6. VI-17. VIII ja Eha Komissarovi kureeritud eesti kunstnike linnakeskkonna-teemaline näitus "Koht, mis paneb liikuma" 20. VI-17. VIII Kumu Kunstimuuseumis. Lühidalt Tõnis Saadoja Gerhard Richteri portreede seeriast "Mainstream" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis. Maarit Murka töödest, Kaarel Nurga fotodest, Anton Kooviti, Uku ja Remi grafititoast, Raoul Kurvitza arvutiinstallatsioonist "Pentatonic Color System II" (helilooja Ariel Lagle), Reet Ausi, Marit Ahvena,Ville Hyvöneni, Hula, EKA moedisaini ja Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli tekstiili- ja fotoosakonna projektist "Üle prahi", Kaido Ole installatsioonist "Koosolek"

  7. Investigation of Rubidium Hyperfine Structure Frequency Stabilization Mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    Frueholtz, and C. H. Volk, Phys. Rev. A 27, 1914 (1983). 4. C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Metrologia 13, 161 (1977). 5. W. Happer, and A. C. Tam, Phys. Rev. A 16, 1877...w U C) ED W mF w c M0 -0 Dm U(i2 DOW V) ZivF 00. LA *I U-(JL OLLIAJ - (I 0 7 a I I ~w..-..- ~ * * ~ -~.’,** ~-, .*h4w.’.-* .- ,-~-. . .- * 8

  8. Quarks, culture, combogenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Barry

    2018-01-01

    The value of Tyler Volk’s Quarks to Culture is evident when the book is placed against popular histories of the universe, dozens of which have provided evidence for an immense cosmic past. But such histories are often anecdotal, like early British histories of the kings of England. Unlike these works, Volk artfully presents the case for structural continuity and systematic cre­ativity across 13.8 billion years of cosmic history.

  9. DE RECHTSVRAAG DER CHRISTENVERVOLGINGEN IN HET ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    godsdienst, maar om allerlei crimina, anders is de rechter niet in beweging te brengen. Dit wist het volk en beschuldigde daarom maar raak. Dere. EusEBius, h.e., VII, ll,6epitokütaphy3tntrepesthüi. *") TH. MoMMSEN, Der Reitgiotis/ret'e! nach róm. Recht, Hist. Zeitschr. 64, 1890,. S. 389. Röm. Strafrecht, IV, 1, Abschn. 85.

  10. DIE PLEK VAN ISRAEL IN ONS TEOLOGIES-KERKLIKE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    as 'n volk in daardie sin aangemerk kon word, en in die O.T. Israel dan ook 'n paar maal, teen die reël wat ons as beginnende studente geleer het,. 1) Die leser vind hier die lesing, deur die skrywer op 29 Februarie 1956 vir die Predikante- vergadering te Pretoria gehou. Die formulering van die titel was van die skriba van.

  11. The Effects of Dopamine and Estrogen upon Cortical Parvalbumin Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-10-01

    male rat. Brain Res 646:157-160. Solodkin A, Veldhuizen SD, Van Hossen GW (1996) Contingent vulnerability of entorhinal parvalbumin-containing...in the male rat. Brain Res 646:157-160. Solodkin A, Veldhuizen SD, Van Hossen GW (1996) Contingent vulnerability of entorhinal parvalbumin-containing...neurons (Wang et al, 1995, 1996). Both pyramidal (Lewis et al, 1995) and GABAergic neurons ( van Kammen et al, 1998; Ohnuma et al, 1999; Volk et al, 2000

  12. Die stelsel van ope krediet in ons handel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Jooste

    1936-03-01

    Full Text Available In ’n vorige artikel het ons net in die verbygaan gerefereer na die groot gevaar wat vir die handel van Suid-Afrika en langs daardieweg vir die volk van Suid-Afrika, skuil in die stelsel van ope kredietwat hom algaandeweg in ons handelswese ingeiburger het sodat ditnou in ons land die stelsel is wat algemeen erken en gehandhaafword.

  13. The effect of laser unit on photodynamic therapy spot size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari-Shahrezaei, Siamak; Binder, Susanne; Stur, Michael

    2011-01-01

    To determine the effect of the laser unit on photodynamic therapy (PDT) spot size. A calibrated Gullstrand-type model eye was used for this study. The axial length of the model eye was set to different values ranging from 22.2 to 27.0 mm, and the actual spot size from the laser console was recorded for treating a spot of 4 mm in the center of the artificial fundus using two different laser units (Coherent Opal laser; Coherent Inc, Santa Clara, California, USA and Zeiss Visulas laser; Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc, Dublin, California, USA) and two indirect contact laser lenses (Volk PDT laser lens and Volk Area Centralis lens; Volk Optical Inc, Mentor, Ohio, USA). From myopia to hyperopia, the total deviation from the intended spot size was -22.5% to -7.5% (Opal laser and PDT laser lens), and -17.5% to +2.5% (Visulas laser and PDT laser lens), -12.5% to +7.5% (Opal laser and Area Centralis lens), and -7.5% to +10% (Visulas laser and Area Centralis lens). The used laser unit has a significant effect on PDT spot size in this model. These findings may be important for optimizing PDT of choroidal neovascular lesions.

  14. Eesti muusika päevad - üks kord aastas, kõigile / Jelena Gandshu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gandshu, Jelena

    2008-01-01

    Muusikateadlased Jelena Gandshu ja Gerhard Lock, heliloojad Age Hirv ja Liis Jürgens 3.-10. aprillini toimunud Eesti muusika päevade kontsertidest: kinos Sõprus "Sensatsioon!!!", Kultuuritehases Polymer "Cellissimo", Estonia kontserdisaalis ERSO "Sümfoonilised hääled", Tallinna raekojas Mihkel Poll ja Oliver Kuusik, Katariina kirikus PaukenfEst, Nigulistes Jüri Reinvere autorikontsert. Järgneb

  15. Kaalul on Euroopa ühtsus / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsleri Angela Merkeli Eesti-visiidi eel kirjutab autor eelmise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi suhtumisest Eestisse ja Venemaasse, A. Merkeli poliitilisest kursist ja suhetest Venemaaga, riikide diplomaatilisest võitlusest ning leiab, et Gruusia kriis paneb Saksamaa keeruliste valikute ette

  16. Diurnal patterns at an autumn migration ringing site near the Sudan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ringing site near the Sudan Red Sea coast. Gerhard Nikolaus, David Pearson and Bernd ... within this small site varied throughout the day according to a regular pattern, and it was noted that different species .... looking for a landing area at first light, and the small green oasis of Khor Arba'at was especially attractive to birds ...

  17. Uudishimu ja juhuslikkus / Kristina Tischler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tischler, Kristina

    2010-01-01

    Fotonäitus "Curious abot the world" ("Uudishimulik") Tallinnas Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 3. veebruarini 2010. Lea Tomsoni (kuraator, Eesti), Roxanne Brousseau-Felio (Kanada) ja Takaki Hashimoto (Jaapan) töödest ning näitust saatvast Gerhard Locki (Saksamaa/Eesti) loodud muusikast

  18. Riigijuhtide tühjad naeratused Reini-äärses Mainzis / Christoph Bertram

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bertram, Christoph

    2005-01-01

    USA presidendi George W. Bushi ning Saksa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi kohtumise eel on Saksa rahvusvaheliste ja julgeoleku-uuringute instituudi direktor seisukohal, et mõlemad kahtlevad endiselt, kas nad suudavad omavahelisi erimeelsusi ületada. Lisa: USA ja Saksamaa erimeelsused

  19. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user

    Spiral waves in CO oxidation on a Pt surface. (Courtesy: Gerhard Ertl). Tuticorin Raghavachari Govindachari. (1915 – 2001). ( Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ). Front Cover. Back Cover. 503. Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. (Credit: K Sankara Rao, IISc). Article-in-a-Box. T R Govindachari. K Nagarajan 504. Think It Over.

  20. Italian Studies in Southern Africa/Studi d'Italianistica nell'Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Italian Studies in Southern Africa/Studi d'Italianistica nell'Africa Australe - Vol 9, No 1 (1996) ... Politics and power in Giovanni Comisso's Giorni Di Guerra and Pier Vittorio Tondelli's Pao Pao ... Anna Meda, Gerhard van der Linde, 80-81 ...

  1. Hirst kukkus Christie'sis läbi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Christie'si kunstioksjon 8. ja 9. X Londonis. Isiklike müügirekorditeni tõusid Felix Gonzalez-Torrese, Jeff Walli ja Anish Kapoori tööde hinnad. Damien Hirst müüs ühe maali. Ostjat ei leidnud Gerhard Richteri maal 'Seestück', oksjoni kalleim töö

  2. Calibration of Load Duration Factor kmod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Stang, Birgitte Friis Dela; Svensson, Staffan

    and the stochastic models are formulated in accordance with the load models in the Danish structural codes, DS 409, and DS 410. three damage accumulation models are considered, namely Gerhards model, Barret & Foschi's model, and Foschi & Yao's model. The parameters in these moels are fitted using data relevant...

  3. Iconoclastic Images in the History of Education: Another Look at Children in Revolt in Two Children's Films from the 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussel, Inés

    2017-01-01

    There are images in the history of education that can be considered iconic, images that are, as Georges Didi-Huberman says, "full of future". In this article, I want to consider two children's films from the 1930s, "Emil und die Detektive" (Gerhard Lamprecht, Germany, 1931) and "Zéro de conduite" (Jean Vigo, France,…

  4. Queen's researchers make the grade: University boasts two of three finalists for million-dollar grant

    CERN Multimedia

    Armstrong, F E

    2003-01-01

    Two Queen's University researchers are among three Canadian finalists in a contest to win $1 million. Art McDonald, director of the Queen's-run Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Institute, and John Smol, Canada Research Chair in Environmental Change, have been nominated for the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering (1 page).

  5. African Zoology - Vol 41, No 2 (2006)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thermoregulation under semi-natural conditions in speckled mousebirds: the role of communal roosting · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Andrew E. McKechnie, Gerhard Körtner, Barry G. Lovegrove, 155-163.

  6. Mechanism of Huiru decoction on hyperprolactinemia in rats

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of HD (9.6 g/kg body weight) reduced PRL level of hyperPRL rats effectively (p < 0.01). HD increased dopamine ..... 4. Gerhard Lutz. Hair loss and hyperprolactinemia in women. ... benefits of herbal medicines for schizophrenia: from empirical ...

  7. Lübecki filmipäevad 1999 ja Thomas Manni ekraniseering 1923 / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    1999-01-01

    4.-7. novembrini Lübeckis toimunud Põhjamaade filmipäevade 41. Nordische Filmtage huvitavamatest filmidest, nagu Thomas Manni "Buddenbrookide" ekraniseering 1923. aastast (režissöör Gerhard Lamprecht) ja Rasmus Gerlachi dokumentaal "Operaator Kaufman" Dziga Vertovist ja tema kahest, samuti kino alal tegutsenud vennast

  8. Pärnu jõgi - linna unustatud arengutelg = The Pärnu river - forgotten growth axis of the town / Rene Valner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Pärnu Linnavalitsuse ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemia korraldatud arhitektuuri ja kohamarketingi Riveside Workshop'ist 18.-28. VI 2001. a. Pärnus. Juhendajad: Viini arhitektuuribüroo Rataplan arhitektid Gerhard Huber ja Susanne Höhndorf, eesti arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Rene Valner ja Indrek Peil

  9. Zwei Brüder Dunte aus Reval tun Gutes in Hamburg / Peter von Tiling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiling, Peter von

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnast pärit Dunte suguvõsast, peamiselt vendadest Gustav ja Gerhard Dunte'st (sünd. 1635-1693), kes asunud edukate kaupmeestena elama Hamburgi toetasid märkimisväärselt pastor Johann Winklerit tema tegevuses omaaegsete sotsiaalprobleemidega

  10. Siberist Tšetšeeniani Saksa-Vene koostöö nimel / Aimar Ventsel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ventsel, Aimar, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    Aprilli keskel käisid Venemaa president Vladimir Putin ja Tšetšeenia asepresident Ramzan Kadõrov visiidil Saksamaal ning külastasid Saksamaa liidukantsleri Gerhard Schröderiga Hannoveri tehnoloogiamessi. Lisa: Kes on Ramzan Kadõrov?

  11. AP: A Critical Examination of the Advanced Placement Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard; Tai, Robert; Klopfenstein, Kirstin

    2016-01-01

    The Advanced Placement (AP) program was created to enhance the experience of gifted students as they transition from high school to college. "AP: A Critical Examination of the Advanced Placement Program," edited by Philip M. Sadler, Gerhard Sonnert, Robert Tai, and Kirstin Klopfenstein (2010, Harvard Education Press), questions the…

  12. Antonio Lupi maailm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Vannitoa mööbli, peeglite, vannide, kraanikausside ja aksessuaaride valmistamisele spetsialiseerunud Antonio Lupi tehasest Itaalias. Koostööd tehakse itaalia disaineritega, nagu Carlo Colombo, Mauro Carlesi, Nevio Tellatin, Anne ja Patrick Poirier. Eestis saab tootenäidistega tutvuda salongis Gerhard Vannitoad (Maakri 19/21, Tallinn)

  13. Angels, Demons, Birds and Dinosaurs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ries, Christopher Jacob

    2010-01-01

    In the years between 1912 and 1916, the Danish artist and graphic designer Gerhard Heilmann published a series of articles in the journal of the Danish Ornithological Society. From the outset, Heilmann's work aroused international interest, and in 1926 it was published in English as The origin of...

  14. Adamkus shares frank words with Schroeder / Seputyte Milda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milda, Seputyte

    2005-01-01

    Leedu president Valdas Adamkus kohtus Saksamaa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderiga ning avaldas pahameelt rajatava Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme üle. Balti riigid ja Poola on seisukohal, et ka nemad peaksid olema kaasatud läbirääkimistesse Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme rajamise suhtes

  15. Haemorrhagic pseudocyst of the pancreatic tail causing acute ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Haemorrhagic pseudocyst of the pancreatic tail causing acute abdominal pain in a 12-year-old girl. Rolf P. Dahmen a,c. , Gerhard Stuhldreier b. , Hartmut Bindewald c and Malte Weinrich a,c. Pancreatic disorders are a relatively uncommon event in children, particularly the development of pancreatic pseudocysts. The most ...

  16. Uuemat kirjandusteadust Saksast (4) : Böhlau esitleb Austriat / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Hall, Murray G.; Renner, Gerhard. Handbuch der Nachlässe und Sammlungen österreichischer Autoren. 2., neu bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995 ; Kontinent Bernhard : Zur Thomas - Bernhard - Rezeption in Europa / Hrsg. Wolfram Bayer, Claude Porcell. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995

  17. Litshnoje i publitshnoje : dossug obshtshestvennõhh dejatelei / Peter Wilbi, Cahal Milmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wilbi, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Poliitikute imidzhi kujundamisest ja kujunemisest. USA presidendi George Bushi, Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi, Itaalia peaministri Silvio Berlusconi, Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini, Jaapani peaministri Junichiro Koizumi, USA ekspresidendi Bill Clintoni, Saksamaa kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi, Suurbritannia printsi Charles'i imidzhi kujundamiseks meedias avalikustatud harrastustest ja sündmustest

  18. カフカの動物たち「ある犬の研究」、「歌手ヨゼフィーネもしくはネズミ族」における音楽と身体言語

    OpenAIRE

    三根, 靖久

    2009-01-01

    Dieser Aufsatz behandelt, wie der oder die Held(in) zweier Texte Kafkas über Tiere, sc. „Forschungen eines Hundes“(1922) und „Josefine, die Sängerin oder Das Volk der Mäuse“(1924) Musik empfindet oder ausdrückt, und wie Körper resp. Körperlichkeit als Medium solcher Musik dargestellt werden. Dabei wird auch betont, dass in diesen Texten die Körpersprache eine wichtige Rolle spielt.//„Forschungen eines Hundes“//Der Erzählerhund, der seinem bisherigen Leben nachforscht, führt zwei Musikerfahrun...

  19. Workshop on Diffuse Discharge Opening Switches (January 13-15, 1982).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-23

    published). 6. E. H. A. Granneman, M. Klewer, K. J. Nygaard and M. J. Van der Wiel, "Two-photon ionization of Cs2 , Rb2 and RBCs using an Ar-ion laser...G. H. Bearman and J. J. Leventhal, Phys. Rev. Lett 41, 1227 (1978). 3. A. deJong and F. van der Volk, J. Phys. B 12, L561 (1979). 225 4. F. Roussel, P...Marshall Molen Old Dominion University R.M. Patrick AVCO Everett Research Laboratory Karl Schoenbach Texas Tech University Peter Turchi R & D Associates

  20. Albrecht Penck: Vorbereiter und Wegbereiter der NS-Lebensraumpolitik?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Hans Dietrich

    2018-01-01

    Albrecht Penck was one of the eminent representatives of Quaternary research in the first half of the twentieth century. But apart from this, there was a political-geographical side to Penck, which, since 1945, has long been ignored or downplayed by geographers. Today, given his concept of Volks- und Kulturboden, he is considered as having ushered in German geography the völkisch (ethno-nationalistic) turn. Thus, critics say, he paved the way for Nazi Lebensraum policies and became an accomplice in the resulting crimes. The present contribution examines Penck's political-geographical worldview and reaches an ambivalent conclusion regarding the accusations.

  1. The deaf cannot see: An accumulation of blindness and deafness as combined theme in Isaiah 42 and 43

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris van der Walt

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Bible the words blind and deaf occur nine times in the same sentence. An accumulation of such sentences is found in Isaiah 42 and 43, where it occurs three times (Is 42:18, 19; 43:8. Blindness is also mentioned in two further sentences in these chapters. Not only is it stated that the people of God is blind, but Israel also accuses Yahweh that their way is hidden from him (Is 40:27. It is because of this accusation, pertaining to an alleged blindness on Yahweh’s side, that the question of hearing is raised. He answers to this accusation in the heavenly court with the questions ‘Do you not know? Have you not heard?’ From there on God makes it clear that seeing is dependent on hearing. In a heavenly court of law, the wrong perception that God’s people had about the exile was put straight and a new beginning for the exiles was subsequently made. The theme of blind- and deafness is thereby continued from Isaiah 1 and 6 in the verdict in the heavenly court in Isaiah 43, where it became clear that the cure for the spiritual blindness of God’s people is not related to their eyes, but to their ears. In die Bybel kom die woorde blind en doof nege keer saam in dieselfde sin voor. ’n Opeenhoping van hierdie sinne word in Jesaja 42 en 43 aangetref waar dit drie maal voorkom (Jes 42:18, 19; 43:8. Blindheid word ook in twee verdere sinne in hierdie hoofstukke genoem. Nie alleen word dit gestel dat die volk van God blind is nie, maar die volk beskuldig God dat Hy nie raaksien wat van hulle word nie (Jes 40:27. In die hemelse hof antwoord God op hierdie beskuldiging met die vrae ‘Weet julle nie? Het julle nie gehoor nie?’ Van daardie punt af maak God dit duidelik dat sien van hoor afhanklik is. Hierdie verkeerde persepsie van die volk oor God se sogenaamde blindheid vir hulle welstand tydens die ballingskap, word reggestel en ’n nuwe begin word gemaak. Die tema van blind- en doofheid word sodoende uit Jesaja 1 en 6 voortgesit in die

  2. En defensa de una teoría Gaia orgánica

    OpenAIRE

    Castro Carranza, Carlos de

    2013-01-01

    Las críticas a la hipótesis Gaia de Lovelock (Lovelock y Margulis 1974, Lovelock 1979) convencieron a éste y otros teóricos de la teoría Gaia (Lenton, 1998, 2004, Lovelock, 2003, Volk, 2010), hasta el punto de que se ha rechazado esta hipótesis por todos ellos. Sin embargo, estas críticas parten de presuposiciones reduccionistas y, en gran medida, prejuicios mecanicistas, y son, por tanto, discutibles. En este artículo se defiende el desarrollo de una teoría Gaia científica partiendo de la hi...

  3. [Anthropology and synthetic Darwinism in the Third Reich: The Evolution of Organisms (1943)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Junker, Thomas

    2003-03-01

    This essay will analyse early attempts to base anthropology on the theoretical model provided by the emerging synthetic Darwinism of the 1940s. In the first section we will investigate the historical context of the publication of one of the central documents of synthetic Darwinism in Germany: Gerhard Heberer's Die Evolution der Organismen (1943). Anthropology was covered extensively in this book. The second section will give an impression of the live and work of the five anthropologists represented in Heberer's book: Christian von Krogh, Wilhelm Gieseler, Otto Reche, Hans Weinert, and Gerhard Heberer. The third part of our paper will clarify whether these anthropologists shared a common theoretical outlook with the founders of synthetic Darwinism, and to what degree they were committed to the racial ideas of the Third Reich.

  4. Energy and climate. A vision of the future; Energie und Klima. Ein Blick in die Zukunft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brand, Hans; Hosemann, Gerhard; Riedle, Klaus (eds.)

    2013-07-01

    This book contains five lectures from the symposium of 8 November 2012. The topics and speakers were: 1. The energy turnaround in Germany - Chances and risks (DIETHARD MAGER); 2. The power supply from renewable sources and their constraints (GERHARD HEROLD); 3. What really contributes CO{sub 2} to global warming? (HERMANN HARDE); 4. Sun and greenhouse gas - causes of climate change (FRITZ VAHRENHOLT); 5. The hydrocarbon-cycle management - secure energy and resource supply from renewable energy sources (DOMINIK ROHRMUS). [German] Dieses Buch enthaelt fuenf Vortraege aus dem Symposium vom 8. November 2012. Die Themen und Referenten waren: 1. Die Energiewende in Deutschland - Chancen und Risiken (DIETHARD MAGER); 2. Die Stromversorgung aus regenerativen Quellen und ihre Zwaenge (GERHARD HEROLD); 3. Was traegt CO{sub 2} wirklich zur globalen Erwaermung bei? (HERMANN HARDE); 4. Sonne und Treibhausgase - Ursachen des Klimawandels (FRITZ VAHRENHOLT); 5. Die Kohlenwasserstoff-Kreislaufwirtschaft - sichere Energie- und Ressourcenversorgung mittels erneuerbarer Energien (DOMINIK ROHRMUS).

  5. German Business in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irakliy D. Gvazava

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Since Perestroika German-Russian relationships have been steadily developing fueled by close contacts between the leaders of both countries. Boris Yeltsin and Helmut Kohl, Vladimir Putin and Gerhard Schröder, Dmitry Medvedev and Angela Merkel had friendly relations resulted in some fruitful business projects, intergovernmental economic forums etc. In my article I will consider the activities of German companies in Russia, advantages, barriers and expectations

  6. Realizace stavby Nord stream - stabilizační faktor německého energetického sonderwegu?

    OpenAIRE

    Kushnir, Leonid

    2013-01-01

    The continuously decreasing amount of mineral resources and its future is becoming an omnipresent topic in the EU. The key is to obtain good terms of resource import. Agreement signed by the Russian president Vladimir Putin and the German chancellor Gerhard Schröder considering the construction of the Nordstream gas pipeline, leading from Russian Wyborg to German Greifswald, shattered the EU's concept of energetic policy meaning the EU energetic security. Even though the energetic concept put...

  7. Assault on the USS LIBERTY: Deliberate Action or Tragic Accident?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-30

    fear of an Egyptian attack from the sea compounded with the explosion at al-‘Arish, set the events into motion.74 The torpedo boats miscalculated...differences with the USS Liberty. The Liberty is 200 feet longer, covered with antennas, and has a state-of-the-art parabolic satellite dish.85 Perhaps...collection position.] 14 Ibid, 13. 15 Ibid, 14. 16 William D. Gerhard and Henry W. Millington, Attack on a Sigint Collector , the U.S.S Liberty

  8. Cryptogenic transient ischemic attack after nose blowing: association of huge atrial septal aneurysm with patent foramen ovale as potential cause

    OpenAIRE

    Lotze, Ulrich; Kirsch, Uwe; Ohlow, Marc-Alexander; Scholle, Thorsten; Leonhardi, Jochen; Lauer, Bernward; Oltmanns, Gerhard; Schmidt, Hendrik

    2013-01-01

    Ulrich Lotze,1 Uwe Kirsch,1 Marc-Alexander Ohlow,2 Thorsten Scholle,3 Jochen Leonhardi,3 Bernward Lauer,2 Gerhard Oltmanns,4 Hendrik Schmidt5,6 1Department of Internal Medicine, DRK Krankenhaus Sondershausen, Sondershausen, Germany; 2Department of Cardiology, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Bad Berka, Germany; 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Germany; 4Department of Internal Medicine, DRK Krankenhaus Sömmerda; Sömmerda, Germany; 5Depar...

  9. Reframing the photograph: confronting the Nazi past through artistic performance strategies since the 1960s

    OpenAIRE

    Allwork, Larissa

    2015-01-01

    Working in a period when the western modernist focus on the originality of the artist, painterly form and composition had given way to more post Duchampian practices such as reappropriation, performance and the role of the spectator in creating artistic meaning, this paper will focus on works by Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Gustav Metzger. This paper will evaluate how these artists perform the photograph in three divergent yet distinctly post-Duchampian ways in order to articulate chall...

  10. Historical Lessons to Avoid a Hollow Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    cliff.” The fiscal cliff would have increased taxes by ending the temporary payroll tax cuts and rolled back the...Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications, 2006, 27. 63 Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, “William J. Clinton: Address Before a Joint Session of Congress on...34Bear any Burden? John F. Kennedy and Nuclear Weapons." Sage Public Administration Abstracts 26, no. 3 (1999). Naval War College (U.S.). Strategy

  11. Kremli hirmud / ref. Igor Taro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 21. apr. lk. 11. Kokkuvõte Venemaa naftakompanii Jukos endise juhi Mihhail Hodorkovski advokaadi Robert Amsterdami esinemisest Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituudis, kus ta rääkis Venemaa võimude tegevusest meeleavalduste laialiajamisel ja kritiseeris president Vladimir Putini poliitikat ning Saksamaa endise kantsleri Gerhard Schröderi koostööd Venemaaga Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme projektis

  12. German Women in the Five New Lander: Employment and Entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    6Gerhard, p. 21. 7Dorothy J. Rosenberg, "Shock Therapy : GDR Women in Transition From a Socalist • Welfare State to a Social Market Economy," Signs...below one’s credentials and training, is often a woman’s only choice. The majority of East German women, organized feminists or not, though clearly...defending their rights to a job, to cheap, available child care facilities, and to equal education and training." GDR feminists are shocked by the political

  13. Uus Saksamaa lubab väikeriigid oma hõlma alla võtta / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Nii väikeriigid kui ka maailma suurriigid on huvitatud sellest, milliseks kujuneb Saksamaa välispoliitika Angela Merkeli võimul olles: esimese kolme ametis oldud nädala jooksul võib järeldada, et Angela Merkel ei jätka Gerhard Schröderi sirgjoonelist välispoliitilist kurssi, vaid eelistab balansseerida erinevate suurvõimude vahel, unustamata samas ka väikeriike. Lisa: Angela Merkel

  14. Völker strafen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henning Radtke

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Rezensierte Werke:William A. Schabas, Der Genozid im Völkerrecht, Hamburg: Hamburger Edition HIS 2003, 792 S., ISBN 3-930908-88-3; Gerhard Werle, Völkerstrafrecht (unter Mitarbeit von Florian Jeßberger, Wulf Burchards, Barbara Lüders, Stephan Meseke, Volker Nerlich, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2003, 553 S., ISBN 3-16-148087-2

  15. Growth & Governance in Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Project Discussion Paper no.14/2001. Institute for East Asian Studies, Gerhard Mercator Univesitat Duisburg, 2001(b); Mohamad Abu Bakar , “Islam...Dieter Evers, ed., Modernisation in Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford, 1973; Muhammad Yusoff Hashim, The Malay Sultanate of Malacca. Kuala Lumpur...from the peasantry (educated in the Malay vernacular of SITC or Sultan Idris Training College) and strongly influenced by the left wing of the

  16. (Re)defining component structures in morphological constructions: a cognitive grammar perspective

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Huyssteen, GB

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available )defining Component Structures in Morphological Constructions: A Cognitive Grammar Perspective Gerhard B van Huyssteen 1. Introduction The study of words, parts of words, and word-formation is one of the fields of enquiry that has kept language philosophers... and linguists busy for centuries. Despite this long tradition, the literature on word morphology sometimes remains rather imprecise, ambiguous and/or vague; for example, Tuggy (1992: 287) illustrates that ?(d)efinitions, when given, are frequently circular...

  17. Londoni aruanne / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Näitus "Uus kunst Lähis-Idast" Saatchi galeriis. Prantsuse installatsioonikunstniku Anette Messageri näitus "The Messengers" ("Sõnumitoojad") ja Mark Wallingeri kureeritud näitus "Russian linesman" ("Vene piirikohtunik") Haywardis Southbank Centre's. Tate triennaali näitus "Altermodern" ("Vana modernism"), kuraator Nicolas Bourriaud. Valik Pablo Picasso töödest "Challenging the past" ("Minevikku vaidlustades") The National Gallery's. Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri näitus National Portrait Gallery's

  18. Energy and climate. A vision of the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brand, Hans; Hosemann, Gerhard; Riedle, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    This book contains five lectures from the symposium of 8 November 2012. The topics and speakers were: 1. The energy turnaround in Germany - Chances and risks (DIETHARD MAGER); 2. The power supply from renewable sources and their constraints (GERHARD HEROLD); 3. What really contributes CO 2 to global warming? (HERMANN HARDE); 4. Sun and greenhouse gas - causes of climate change (FRITZ VAHRENHOLT); 5. The hydrocarbon-cycle management - secure energy and resource supply from renewable energy sources (DOMINIK ROHRMUS). [de

  19. Shedding ligth on the role of the prokaryotic assemblage in the biogeochemical cycles of the dark ocean

    OpenAIRE

    Baltar, Federico

    2010-01-01

    Memoria de tesis doctoral presentada por Federico Baltar González para obtener el grado de Doctor en Oceanografía por la Universidad de las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC), bieno (2005-2007), realizada bajo la dirección del Dr. Javier Arístegui Ruiz, del Dr. Gerhard Herndl y del Dr. Josep Maria Gasol Piqué del Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC).-- 317 pares

  20. Policies for the environment and rural development in the mountain area of Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Hovorka, Gerhard

    1998-01-01

    38th European Regional Science Association ? Congress 1998 Topic G: Environmental Management, Sustainability and Development Policies for the Environment and Rural Development in the Mountain Area of Austria (Abstract) by Gerhard Hovorka The cultural landscape in Austria is characterised by the high proportion of mountain areas. Mountain agriculture bears the key role in safeguarding the sensitive eco-system in the mountain areas and thereby maintaining the general living and working space as...

  1. German Energy Security and Its Implications on Regional Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    from acting unilaterally. They exhibit a higher degree of transparency than their autocratic counterparts and thus do a better job at signaling intent...political parties, the SPD is often labeled as being pro-Russian.75 Gerhard Schroeder, leader of the SPD and Chancellor during its coalition with the...must also claim responsibility for Nord Stream, as it oversaw the commissioning of Nord Stream 1 and negotiations for Nord Stream 2. While the leader

  2. Toxic Industrial Chemicals: A Future Weapons of Mass Destruction Threat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-31

    1937 by Dr. Gerhard Schrader, a chemist conducting insecticide research with organophosphates (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute 1971...International Peace Research Institute 1971 and 1973). Phosgene oxime is known as “ nettle gas,” so named because of its property of intensely irritating...as a WMD. Common TICs Effects of CW Agents Organophosphate Insecticide Nerve Dimethyl Sulfate Blister Methyl Isocyanate Blood Anhydrous Ammonia

  3. Verfassungspolitik als Konstruktion von Lernprozessen? Konstitutionalisierung und Identitätsbildung in der Europäischen Union

    OpenAIRE

    Achim Hurrelmann

    2002-01-01

    The three most important international representatives of the Federal Republic of Germany - foreign minister Joschka Fischer, federal president Johannes Rau and federal chancellor Gerhard Schröder - have in the last few years all gone public with concepts for a European constitution. This paper attempts an analysis of these concepts that incorporates insights from constructivist approaches to institutional and constitutional analysis. It is argued that in spite of differences in detail, the c...

  4. Sakslased vallutasid Siberi gaasimaardla / Arne Luht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luht, Arne

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa president Vladimit Putin ja Saksama kantsler Gerhard Schröder viibisid Hannoveris maailma suurimal tööstusmessil. Sõlmiti leping, mille kohaselt hakkab Saksa keemiakontserni BASF tütarfirma Wintershall esimese välisfirmana Siberis koos Gazpromiga gaasi puurima, alla kirjutati ka lepingule gaasijuhtme rajamise kohta Viiburist läbi Läänemere Saksamaale. Vene kartelliamet välistas Saksa firma Siemens osaluse ettevõttes Silovõje Mashinõ

  5. Military History: A Selected Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    II. 1959. Stadelman, Rudolf . Scharnhorst: Schicksal and geistige Welt. 1952. Tarle, Eugene. Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia. 1942. Thiry, J...of Germany. 1975. *** Smith, Cecil Woodham. The Reason Why. 1965. Stadelman, Rudolf . Moltke und der Stadt. 1950. *** Wawro, Geoffrey. The Austro...Gerhard. The Sword and the Scepter, 4 vols. 1973. Steiner , Zarc S. The Foreign Office and Foreign Policy, 1898-1914. 1969. *** Stevenson, David

  6. 8TH International Laser Physics Workshop Lphys󈨧 Budapest, July 2-6, 1999, Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-07-05

    Gerhard J. MUller (Germany) Rudolf Steiner (Germany) Symposium Status and Future Directions of High-Power Laser Installations Co-Chairs: See Leang...Sciences, Kazan. Russia I.A. Shcherbakov General Physics Institute. Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow, Russia R. Steiner Institute of Laser Technologies...14.50-15.15 R. Steiner , A. Pohl, A. Bentele, T. Meier (Ulm, Germany) Laser Doppler sensor for laser assisted injection 30 SEMINAR 5 --- LASER METHODS IN

  7. Die Voortrekker-Monument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard Moerdyk

    1938-03-01

    Full Text Available Die Eeufeesjaar is vir die Afrikaner ’n tydperk van besieling. Nog nooit sedert die ontstaan van ons volk het een enkele gebeurtenis soveel nasietrots gewek as die honderdjarige herdenking van die Groot Trek. Vir die eerste keer in ons geskiedenis voel ons ons nie meer Kapenaars, Vrystaters, Natalers, en Transvalers nie, maar Afrikaners, saamgesnoer deur die tradisies van ’n selfstandige kultuurvolk. Wanneer die klimaks van die Ossewatrek met die hocksteenlegging van die Voortrekker-Monument bereik word, sal die besieling nie uitsterf nie, die krag wat geskep is sal bly voortgroei tot ’n onweerstaanbare mag. Die Afrikaner sal homself vind, en as die Monument na sowat vyf jaar onthul word, sal die saad wat in hierdie jaar gesaai is, tot voile rypheid gekom het. Dan sal die Monument self tot die volk spreek; intussen egter, is dit wenslik, nee noodsaaklik selfs, om die Monument aan die Afrikaners te verklaar, om ‘n uiteensetting te gee van die noodsaaklikheid van so ’n Monument, sowel as om die motief te verduidelik wat as inspirasie gedien het vir die ontwerpdaar van.

  8. Die afrikaner en sy pers*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. D. Scholtz

    1963-03-01

    Full Text Available Die versoek w at van u inrigting tot my gekom het om buitengewone professor in die Persw etenskap te word, was vir my deels vererend, m aar deels het dit my in 'n moeilike posisie gestel. Dit was vir my vererend, om dat dit gekom het van 'n universiteit m et wie se Christelik- Nasionale koers ek my ten voile kan vereenselwig. Dit was dan ook vir my vererend, om dat ek daardeur in staat gestel kan w ord om die volk w aartoe ek behoort, op 'n vir my nuwe terrein te dien. As sodanig is dit vir my im m ers m oontlik om ook ’n beskeie bydrae te lewer tot die geestelike vorm ing van die jeug van ons volk. Dit het my m oeilik geval om, w aar ek reeds die m iddeljarige leeftyd bereik het, nou vir die eerste maal as dosent op te tree, aangesien ek daarvan in die verlede nie die m inste kennis en ervaring opgedoen het nie. As joernalis rig ek my im m ers tot die breë publiek deur middel van die pen. As dosent m oet ek my deur middel van die mond tot die studente rig. Dit lê voor die hand dat die eise w at so aan my gestel word, totaal anders is as dié waar- aan ek oor 'n tydperk van m eer as 'n kw arteeu as joer­ nalis gewoond geraak het.

  9. Comparision of the Efficiency of the Current Oils and Insecticide Compounds in Control of Greenhouse Whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood, (Hem.: Aleyrodidae on Rose and their Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar Hosseininia

    2017-03-01

    block design with 20 treatments, 3 blocks and 4 replications. In addition, the bioassay of neem oil, citowett and volk on nymphal stages (2-4 as well as whiteflies adult were assayed in the greenhouse condition. The bioassay was carried out in clear plastic cages containing a leaf with three leaflets connected to the plant, containing 30 nymphs or 30 adults. Moreover, the bioassay of deltamethrin on adults and buprofezin on the nymphs and also synergistic rate (SR of three oils including neem oil, citowett and volk on deltamethrin and buprofezin were estimated. The followed formula {SR= (Lc50A +Lc50B/Lc50 (A+B} was used for calculating synergistic rate. For bioassay testes, the clear plastic cages containing three leaflets as well as 30 nymphs and also 30 adult whiteflies were used. Results and Discussion: Based on the result of the mortality rate of oils and common insecticide, the treatment control, which was neem oil (1 ml/L mixed with deltamethrin (0.5 ml/L, was caused 91.72 and 90.79 % MR of nymphs and adult whiteflies, respectively. Also the neem oil (0.5 ml/L and citowett (0.25 ml/L after water treatment had the lowest effect on the adult and nymphal stages mortality. When the oils separately were used, their LC50 were higher than they used simultaneously with deltamethrin and buprofezin. The results of the bioassay showed the Lc50 of deltamethrin mixed with neem oil, citowett and volk as: 417.55, 290.51 and 639.07 ppm, respectively. The synergistic effect of neem oil, citowett and volk with deltamethrin on the mortality rate of adult whitefly was estimated as 3.62, 5.45 and 2.56, respectively. The highest SR (7.24 of buprofezin for nymphal stage was occurred when it mixed with citowett. In addition, the SR of this pesticide was 4.86 and 3.55 for neem and volk, respectively. Also the Lc50 of buprofezin mixed with neem, citowett and volk were 214.26, 177.32 and 559.56 ppm, respectively. Conclusion: According to the effect of buprofezin on insect moulting, using of

  10. TYPHUS EXANTHEMATICUS 1836. GODINE: U KRAGUJEVCU (SRBIJA I FILADELFIJI (SAD*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Čukić

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available U "prebakteriološkom periodu“ razvoja svetske medicine izdvojen je pegavi tifus kao entitet. Otuda je stepen razvoja medicinske nauke uslovio konkretni način dijagnostikovanja; svakako, drukčiji od savremenog. Ovo dijagnostifikovanje je bilo na osnovu kliničkog iskustva lekara i predloženog dijagnostičkog sredstva. Godina ustanovljavanja entiteta pegavog tifusa bila je 1836., kada ga je W. Gerhard ustanovio putem obdukcione dijagnostičke procedure, o čemu je izvestio medicinsku javnost 1837. godine. Od tada, drugi lekari imaju obavezu da proceduru sprovedu i provere. Epidemijski pegavi tifus ustanovljen u Filadelfiji bio je "laboratorijski potvrđen i epidemiološki povezan". Razvojem medicine usledila je kasnija potvrda entiteta etiopatogenezom ili drugim savršenijim metodama. Nasuprot ovom pristupu, stoji obično, “rutinersko dijagnostikovanje” koje je mnogo manje pouzdano. U Kragujevcu je 1836. godine bio prisutan 'tifus'. Pegavičar je bio povod tog ustanovljavanja, sudi se analizom dostupnih argumenata od 1879. do danas. Otuda je dijagnostikovanje u Miloševoj prestonici moglo da bude jedino nivoa ne-entiteta. Lekar u Srbiji, koji je pre prihvatio iscrpno, pa ipak, osporavano razmatranje Gerharda, bio je u prednosti da otkrije prvi entitet pegavog tifusa na njenom tlu. U Srbiji podvajanje vrsta tifusa i pri tome prepoznavanje pegavca višeg nivoa od “klinički potvrđenog slučaja” otuda je usledilo posle Gerhard-ovog saopštenja 1837. godine. Tada, prilikom opisa neke naredne epidemijske pojave pegavog tifusa, trebalo je da bude ukazano da je primenjen isti kao Gerhard-ov način ustanovljavanja entiteta ili pouzdaniji od njega. Acta Medica Medianae 2011;50(1:67-72.

  11. Comparison of Trigeminal and Postherpetic Neuralgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Peter N Watson

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Although postherpetic neuralgia and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux are common causes of facial pain, they have very little in common aside from lancinating pain (other qualities of pain in each disorder are different. Each disorder affects different areas of the face and the treatment of each is quite dissimilar. The pathogenesis of these two disorders quite likely involves different mechanisms. This report reviews aspects of these two difficult pain problems, particularly with reference to the work of the late Gerhard Fromm, to whom this is dedicated.

  12. Valencia-Madrid / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Jaan Elken oli Erasmuse programmi raames külalisloengutel Valencia polütehnilises instituudis. Valencia arhitektuurist, muuseumidest, näitusest "Valencia 09. Confines/Passages of Contemporary Arts" Valencia Kaasaegse Kunsti Instituudis, festivalist "PhotoEspana (PHE 09)" Madridis, saksa maalikunstniku näitusest "Gerhard Richter. Fotografias pintadas" ("Maalitud fotod"). Lühidalt hispaania skulptori Juan Muñoze näitusest Hispaania rahvusmuuseumi Reina Sofia kaasaegse kunsti keskuses, prantsuse maalikunstniku Henri Matisse'i näitusest Thyssen-Bornemiszas, hispaania maalikunstniku Joaquín Sorolla näitusest Prado muuseumis

  13. A remembrance of Hendrik Casimir in the 60th anniversary of his discovery, with some basic considerations on the Casimir effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elizalde, Emilio

    2009-01-01

    When the number and importance of the applications of the Casimir effect are flourishing, and on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of his beautiful discovery, as a tribute to the memory of Hendrik Brugt Gerhard Casimir I discuss here some fundamental issues related with the effect that need to be recalled from time to time, as well as on some of my personal impressions of Prof. Casimir. This article may also serve as an easy introduction for the non-specialist willing to learn something about the quantum vacuum.

  14. Hanau nuclear works comparable to mill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1985-01-01

    The breaking up of the government coalition between the Social Democrats and the Greens in Hessen over the granting of the first partial construction permit for a new part of the Nukem works to be erected has started rumour on the Hanau nuclear works. Although the enterprises took little interest in the proliferation of sensational items Prof. Dr. Karl-Gerhard Hackstein, managing director of Nukem, and Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Stoll, managing director of Alkem, agreed to have a talk with VDI-Nachrichten in which they gave an account of facts and highlighted backgrounds. (orig.) [de

  15. Energy consensus talks collapse over nuclear issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    Germany's energy consensus talks, ongoing since March 1993, were brought to unsuccessful end on October 26. Representatives from the Social Democratic Party (SDP), led by Lower Saxony's prime minister, Gerhard Schroeder, failed to get approval from party leaders on continued development of advanced reactors with enhanced safety - notably the Siemens/Framatome-designed 1500-MWe European pressurized water reactor (EPR) plan, for which the prospective schedule envisages a construction start in 1998. Nor would the SDP leadership accept the continued operation of existing nuclear plans to the end of their design life (some 20 to 25 years)

  16. Gentzen's centenary the quest for consistency

    CERN Document Server

    Rathjen, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Gerhard Gentzen has been described as logic’s lost genius, whom Gödel called a better logician than himself. This work comprises articles by leading proof theorists, attesting to Gentzen’s enduring legacy to mathematical logic and beyond. The contributions range from philosophical reflections and re-evaluations of Gentzen’s original consistency proofs to the most recent developments in proof theory. Gentzen founded modern proof theory. His sequent calculus and natural deduction system beautifully explain the deep symmetries of logic. They underlie modern developments in computer science such as automated theorem proving and type theory.

  17. Theory of the Trojan-Horse Method - From the Original Idea to Actual Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Typel, Stefan

    2018-01-01

    The origin and the main features of the Trojan-horse (TH) method are delineated starting with the original idea of Gerhard Baur. Basic theoretical considerations, general experimental conditions and possible problems are discussed. Significant steps in experimental studies towards the implementation of the TH method and the development of the theoretical description are presented. This lead to the successful application of the TH approach by Claudio Spitaleri and his group to determine low-energy cross section that are relevant for astrophysics. An outlook with possible developments in the future are given.

  18. Effect of Load Duration on Timber Structures in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Stang, Birgitte Friis Dela; Svensson, Staffan

    2003-01-01

    . The parameters in these models are fitted by the Maximum Likelihood Method using data relevant for Danish structural timber and the statistical uncertainty is quantified. The reliability is evaluated using representative shortand long-term limit states, and the load duration factor kmod is estimated using......Load duration effects are estimated on basis of simulation of realizations of wind, snow and imposed loads in accordance with the load models in the Danish structural codes. Three damage accumulation models are considered, namely Gerhards model, Barret & Foschi's model and Foschi & Yao's model...

  19. Aspects of a legal framework for language resource management

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Sharma Grover, A

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available . References Sharma Grover, A, Van Huyssteen, GB & Pretorius, MW. (2011). The South African Human Language Technology Audit. Language Resources and Evaluation. DOI: 10.1007/s10579-011-9151-2. ISSN: 1574-020X. 45(3). Binnenpoorte, D., De Vriend, F., Sturm... Legal Framework for Language Resource Management Aditi Sharma Grover1, Annamart Nieman2, Gerhard B. van Huyssteen3, Justus C. Roux3 Human Language Technology Research Group, CSIR-Meraka Institute, Pretoria, South Africa1, Advocate, Member...

  20. On the influence of crack closure on strength estimates of wood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lauge Fuglsang

    2004-01-01

    Three well-known duration of load models (Gerhard, Barrett/Foschi, DVM) are considered in this note with respect to their ability to predict lifetime of wood subjected to harmonically varying loads. The result obtained is that they practically predict the same lifetime—which for low frequency...... in metals).It is suggested that any of the simple models can be used in practice when low frequency load variations are considered. The DVM model, however, should be preferred because of its ability to predict residual strength, and because of its ‘build in’ flexibility with respect to wood quality...

  1. Entre a abstração e a imagem realista: pintura no limite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Junqueira

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este texto pretende fazer uma reflexão sobre a pintura contemporânea, que se destaca por ficar no limite entre dois conceitos clássicos da arte moderna: "figurativo" e "abstrato". O artigo baseia-se em autores da teoria da arte moderna (como Clement Greenberg e Leo Steinberg da filosofia (como Jacques Rancière, da teoria da arte contemporânea (como Anne Cauquelin e nos escritos do pintor alemão Gerhard Richter.

  2. Acceptability and feasibility of mHealth and community-based directly observed antiretroviral therapy to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in South African pregnant women under Option B+ : an exploratory study

    OpenAIRE

    Nachega, Jean B.; Skinner, Donald; Jennings, Larissa; Magidson, Jessica F.; Altice, Frederick; Burke, Jessica G.; Lester, Richard T.; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Knowlton, Amy; Cotton, Mark F.; Anderson, Jean; Theron, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    Jean B Nachega,1,2 Donald Skinner,3 Larissa Jennings,4 Jessica F Magidson,5 Frederick L Altice,6 Jessica G Burke,7 Richard T Lester,8 Olalekan A Uthman,9,10 Amy R Knowlton,11 Mark F Cotton,12 Jean R Anderson,13 Gerhard B Theron14 1Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Centre for Infectious Diseases, and ACTG Clinical Trial Unit (CTU)/Family Clinical Research Unit (FAMCRU), 3Research on Health and S...

  3. Landschaftsbereiche der Provinz Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Piemontese

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Das Konzept der Landschaft setz sich zusammen aus verschiedenen Bezugspunkten und Interpretationen, je nach dem Blickpunkt, und ihre Wahnehrung veraendert sich je nach der verschiedenartigen Brille mit der man sie sieht. Der Artikel, geht von der Definition der Landschaft aus, wie sie in der Eurpaischen Konvention zitiert ist :“ Ein Teil des Landes, wie es von seinen Volk gesehen ist, dessen Charakter geformt ist aus naturlichen und menschlichen Faktoren und deren Wechselverhaeltnis”. Er wird fortgefuehrt mit der Identifikation der Landschaftsbereiche der Provinz Latina, die angesehn werden sollen als klimatisch, litologisch und morphologisch aenliche Landschaftsportionen, in denen erstens die Merkmale der Flora und Fauna klar werden und an zweiter Stelle, durch den Gebrauch des Territoriums und die Veraendungen mit denen er es gezeichnet hat, das Tun des Menschen. Die Methodik ruht teilweise auf der Klassifizierung des Territoriums, ausgearbeitet von C.Blasio und dem Konkretfall angeglichen.

  4. Sniffing the mood for cooperation: Personality and odor induced affective states effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marchlewska Marta

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores situational and dispositional underpinnings of cooperative behavior. According to psychological research, cooperation is strongly related to affective states (Forgas, 1998 and personality dimensions (Volk, Thöni, & Ruigrok, 2011. In an experimental study we examined the conditions under which people cooperate with each other. The dispositional traits of co-workers (personality, the contribution to a collaborative effort, and a situational factor – ambient odor condition were taken into consideration. A one-way ANOVA revealed that compared to a malodorous condition, both the pleasant odor condition and the natural odor condition showed higher rates of cooperation. Further analysis indicated that only malodors influenced affective states which in turn determined social decisions. Although we found effects for the participants’ agreeableness and the coworker’s contribution to a joint work, they appeared to play a less critical role than affective states induced by the experimental odor conditions tested here.

  5. Technophiles to Newbies: The Challenge of Supporting Distributed Teams to Maintain Engagement in Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, Karen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to look for links in a virtual trainee's interest and self-efficacy in a simulated event as it relates to their previous self-reported technical skill level. Ultimately, the idea would be to provide the right amount of support at the right place at the right time to set the conditions for maximum transfer of the skill sets to the work place. An anecdotal recap of a recent experiment of a medium-scale training event produced in a virtual world will provide examples for discussion. In July 2010, a virtual training event was produced for the Air Force Research Lab's Games for Team Training (GaMeTT) at the Patriot Exercise at Volk Field in Wisconsin. There were 29 EMEDS participants who completed the simulated OCO event using the OLIVE gaming engine. Approximately 25 avatars were present at any given time; including role players, observers, coordinators and participants.

  6. Termoterapia transpupilar como opção terapêutica para hemangioma circunscrito de coróide: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roizenblatt Jaime

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores descrevem um caso de hemangioma circunscrito de coróide, com descolamento de retina associado, tratado por meio de termoterapia transpupilar com laser de diodo. Os parâmetros utilizados foram: 900 mW, mira de 4,2 mm, tempo de 3 minutos, lente QuadrAspheric (Volkâ com fator de magnificação de 1,97. Um mês após o tratamento ocorreu redução significativa do hemangioma, com recuperação integral da visão deste olho. São feitas considerações a respeito do método, o qual mostra-se promissor no tratamento destes tumores vasculares.

  7. Industriële ontwikkeling in Suid-Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.J. van Eck

    1968-03-01

    Full Text Available Dit is vir my ’n baie groot eer en ’n voorreg om u vandag by hierdie belangrike geleentheid toe te spreek. Eerstens wil ek die Potchefstroomse Universiteit gelukwens met wat hy reeds presteer het en die hoop uitspreek dat hy nog verder sal groei en bloei in diens van ons volk. Met ’n studentetal van slegs 52 in 1921, het die syfer gestyg na oor die 2,600 in 1966 of ongeveer 50 maal soveel as in 1921. Verlede jaar was die studentetal oor die 2,900 en vanjaar sal dit ongeveer 3,300 beloop. Dit is ook belangrik dat die nagraadse studente oor die afgelope jare ongeveer een derde van bogenoemde totale uitmaak. Dit getuig van u ernstige strewe na diepte en hoë gehalte in u navorsing.

  8. "Das Konkrete ist das Abstrakte, an das man sich schließlich gewöhnt hat." (Laurent Schwartz) Über den Ablauf des mathematischen Verstehens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowsky, Martin

    Die im Titel genannte Aussage findet sich in den Lebenserinnerungen von Laurent Schwartz (1915-2002), einem der fruchtbarsten Mathematiker, Mitglied der Gruppe Bourbaki. Im Original lautet die Aussage: "un objet concret est un objet abstrait auquel on a fini par s'habituer." Schwartz erläutert sie am Beispiel des Integrals über {e^{-1/2{x^2}}} , das den Wert Wurzel aus 2π hat und in dem sich also die Zahlen e und π verknüpfen. Was Schwartz aber vor allem ausdrücken will, ist dies: Das mathematische Verständnisd geht langsam vor sich und es bedarf der Anstrengung. "Es ist eine Frage der Zeit und der Energie", sagt Schwartz, und gerade dies mache es so schwer, die höhere Mathematik unter das Volk zu bringen. Das Lernen und Lehren von Mathematik laufe eben mühevoll und langsam ab.

  9. Application of smart phone and supporting set for fundus imaging in primary hospital of rural area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Feng Jing

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To describe the application of smart phone and supporting set for acquiring fundus images with slitlamp examination and non-contact lens in primary hospital of the rural area. METHODS: The supporting set for smart phone was purchased from taobao and securely connected to the ocular lens of slitlamp microscopy. The fundus photos were imaged with assistance of non-contact slitlamp lens from Volk. RESULTS: High quality images of various retinal diseases could be successfully taken with smart phone and supporting set by slitlamp examination. The fundus images were send to patients with Wechat as medical records or used for telconsultant. CONCLUSION: High resolution smart phones are wildly used nowadays and supporting sets are very accessible; thus high quality of images could be obtained with minimal cost in rural hospitals. The digital fundus images will be beneficial for medical record and rapid diagnosis with telconsultant.

  10. The invented Baja California: visions of a Mexican territory in the middle 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Mendoza Vargas

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the travels of Peter Gerhard and Ángel Bassols Batalla through the Baja California in the 1950s from a comparative perspective. From the theo-retical viewpoints of the history of geography and the geographical journey as sources of information and working method in situ, the observation and empirical knowledge of the territory are established. The traveling style of both authors involves a cultural consideration, since an invented space emerges before their eyes from their own experience in the peninsula. As a traveler, Peter Gerhard journeyed the peninsula seeking the ancient missions that distinguished Baja California. That is why he organized and integrated the information in a guide, in collaboration with Howard E. Gulick. He conceived the guide for tourists of the United States interested in this region so close to their country. Published in 1956, the guide became the most complete instrument for vacationists in general, and also for sport fishermen, hunters, explorers and campers.

  11. Are Disposable and Standard Gonioscopy Lenses Comparable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Bonny; Szirth, Bernard C; Fechtner, Robert D; Khouri, Albert S

    2017-04-01

    Gonioscopy is important in the evaluation and treatment of glaucoma. With increased scrutiny of acceptable sterilization processes for health care instruments, disposable gonioscopy lenses have recently been introduced. Single-time use lenses are theorized to decrease infection risk and eliminate the issue of wear and tear seen on standard, reusable lenses. However, patient care would be compromised if the quality of images produced by the disposable lens were inferior to those produced by the reusable lens. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of images produced by disposable versus standard gonioscopy lenses. A disposable single mirror lens (Sensor Medical Technology) and a standard Volk G-1 gonioscopy lens were used to image 21 volunteers who were prospectively recruited for the study. Images of the inferior and temporal angles of each subject's left eye were acquired using a slit-lamp camera through the disposable and standard gonioscopy lens. In total, 74 images were graded using the Spaeth gonioscopic system and for clarity and quality. Clarity was scored as 1 or 2 and defined as either (1) all structures perceived or (2) all structures not perceived. Quality was scored as 1, 2, or 3, and defined as (1) all angle landmarks clear and well focused, (2) some angle landmarks clear, others blurred, or (3) angle landmarks could not be ascertained. The 74 images were divided into images taken with the disposable single mirror lens and images taken with the standard Volk G-1 gonioscopy lens. The clarity and quality scores for each of these 2 image groups were averaged and P-values were calculated. Average quality of images produced with the standard lens was 1.46±0.56 compared with 1.54±0.61 for those produced with the disposable lens (P=0.55). Average clarity of images produced with the standard lens was 1.47±0.51 compared with 1.49±0.51 (P=0.90) with the disposable lens. We conclude that there is no significant difference in quality of images

  12. Peatlands as Filters for Polluted Mine Water?—A Case Study from an Uranium-Contaminated Karst System in South Africa—Part I: Hydrogeological Setting and U Fluxes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewald Erasmus

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Located downstream of goldfields of the Witwatersrand basin, the Gerhard Minnebron (GMB Eye—as major water source for downstream community of some 300,000 people—may be impacted on by mining-related water pollution especially with uranium (U. Containing up to 5 m-thick deposits of peat that is frequently reported to act as a filter for U and other heavy metals, this paper is the first part of a series that aims to quantify the ability of the GMB peatland to act as buffer against current and future U pollution. In a first step, this paper outlines the geohydrological conditions and discusses how deep–level gold mining impacted on the dolomitic aquifers. Subsequently, the potential influx of U into the wetland is estimated and associated sources and pathways analyzed. Finally, a model is proposed explaining the significant differences in degree and dynamics of U observed within a single groundwater compartment.

  13. Singularities and computer algebra festschrift for Gert-Martin Greuel on the occasion of his 70th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Pfister, Gerhard; Schulze, Mathias

    2017-01-01

    This book arose from a conference on “Singularities and Computer Algebra” which was held at the Pfalz-Akademie Lambrecht in June 2015 in honor of Gert-Martin Greuel’s 70th birthday. This unique volume presents a collection of recent original research by some of the leading figures in singularity theory on a broad range of topics including topological and algebraic aspects, classification problems, deformation theory and resolution of singularities. At the same time, the articles highlight a variety of techniques, ranging from theoretical methods to practical tools from computer algebra. Greuel himself made major contributions to the development of both singularity theory and computer algebra. With Gerhard Pfister and Hans Schönemann, he developed the computer algebra system SINGULAR, which has since become the computational tool of choice for many singularity theorists. The book addresses researchers whose work involves singularity theory and computer algebra from the PhD to expert level.

  14. STS-99 Flight Day Highlights and Crew Activities Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Live footage shows the Blue Team (second of the dual shift crew), Dominic L. Pudwill Gorie, Janice E. Voss and Mamoru Mohri, beginning the first mapping swath covering a 140-mile-wide path. While Mohri conducts mapping operations, Voss and Gorie are seen participating in a news conference with correspondents from NBC and CNN. The Red Team (first of the dual shift crew), Kevin R. Kregel, Janet L. Kavandi and Gerhard P.J. Thiele, relieves the Blue Team and are seen continuing the mapping operations for this around the clock Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). Commander Kregel is shown performing boom (mass) durability tests, calibrating the EarthCam Payload, and speaking with the Launch Control Center (LCC) about trouble shooting a bracket for better camera angle.

  15. The law of the international civil service institutional law and practice in international organisations

    CERN Document Server

    Ullrich, Gerhard

    2018-01-01

    Gerhard Ullrich provides an overall review of the employment law of international intergovernmental organisations. In the first part of the book, he explains the basics of employment law and provides statistical data. He comments extensively on the privileges and immunities of international officials. The core of the book is dedicated to the examination of the legal sources for international civil service law. Here, the international administrative tribunals' case law on the general principles of law occupies a particularly broad area. A second legal source are the structures and elements of the statutory employment in international organisations. The author finally comments on the system of legal protection for the staff of the international civil service.

  16. Mluvím, a tedy jsem // I Speak, Therefore I Am

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Langerová

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1960s Czechoslovakia, experimental poetry became an important part of the conceptual turnaround in art. The language in this poetry had its own weight as an object, which, however, lost its function and participated the programs of its own self-destruction. The language of poetry interceded in various fields — the creation of art, new music, sciences. From the end of the 1950s, the poems (‘written by voice’ of Ladislav Novák arose analogously to visual poetry. These unique magnetic tape records were, in the course of the 1960s, put into the international context of vocal poets — Henri Chopin, Ilse and Pierre Garnier, Bernard Heidsieck, Franz Mon, Gerhard Rühm, and so on. This phonetic poetry became part of the search for a universal language of experimental poetry, yet, at the same time opened a new conception of the relationship between poetry and music.

  17. [Précis de chimie organique (1844-1846) and the Traité de chimie organique (1853-1856) from Charles Gerhardt].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delort, Marie

    2007-07-01

    In 1844 and in 1853 Charles Gerhardt writes two textbooks about organic chemistry: Précis de chimie organique and Traité de chimie organique. In these textbooks Gerhard presents a way to arrange organic compounds in series. The Traité is more accomplished. The classification has improved. His idea is that all organic compounds are based on four main types (i.e., hydrogen, hydrogen chloride, ammonia, and water). Why did Gerhardt chose to develop his theories in a textbook and not in scientific papers? We can think of a few reasons: in a textbook he could articulate ideas and could give constitency to his theories. It is longer than a paper. Textbook authors are less rescricted. The readers are students.

  18. Reliability-Based Calibration of Load Duration Factors for Timber Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Dalsgaard; Svensson, Staffan; Stang, Birgitte Friis Dela

    2005-01-01

    John Dalsgaard Sørensen, Staffan Svensson, Birgitte Dela Stang : Reliability-Based Calibration of Load Duration Factors for Timber Structures     Abstract :   The load bearing capacity of timber structures decrease with time depending on the type of load and timber. Based on representative limit...... states and stochastic models for timber structures, load duration factors are calibrated using probabilistic methods. Load duration e.ects are estimated on basis of simulation of realizations of wind, snow and imposed loads in accordance with the load models in the Danish structural codes. Three damage...... accumulation models are considered, namely Gerhards model, Barrett and Foschi _ s model and Foschi and Yao _ s model. The parameters in these models are .tted by the Maximum Likelihood Method using data relevant for Danish structural timber and the statistical uncertainty is quanti .ed. The reliability...

  19. Watching proteins function with picosecond X-ray crystallography and molecular dynamics simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anfinrud, Philip

    2006-03-01

    Time-resolved electron density maps of myoglobin, a ligand-binding heme protein, have been stitched together into movies that unveil with molecular dynamics (MD) calculations and picosecond time-resolved X-ray structures provides single-molecule insights into mechanisms of protein function. Ensemble-averaged MD simulations of the L29F mutant of myoglobin following ligand dissociation reproduce the direction, amplitude, and timescales of crystallographically-determined structural changes. This close agreement with experiments at comparable resolution in space and time validates the individual MD trajectories, which identify and structurally characterize a conformational switch that directs dissociated ligands to one of two nearby protein cavities. This unique combination of simulation and experiment unveils functional protein motions and illustrates at an atomic level relationships among protein structure, dynamics, and function. In collaboration with Friedrich Schotte and Gerhard Hummer, NIH.

  20. Schule forscht Ansätze und Methoden zum forschenden Lernen

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Kinderunis, Science Center, Experimentierlabore – der Markt der außerschulischen Wissenschaftsvermittlung für Kinder und Jugendliche boomt. Doch in den Schulen findet forschendes Lernen noch wenig Beachtung. Dabei fördert die Methode wichtige Fähigkeiten der Schüler und bietet Chancen für eine zukunftsweisende Schulentwicklung. Die Jugendlichen erarbeiten in Forschungsprojekten eigenständig wissenschaftliche Fragestellungen, suchen Lösungswege, dokumentieren und präsentieren ihre Erkenntisse: Sie trainieren so wissenschaftliches Arbeiten, Eigenverantwortlichkeit, Teamfähigkeit und Zeitmanagement. Lehrer werden zu Lernbegleitern, Schulen öffnen sich für Kooperationen und entwickeln Alternativen zum 45-minütigen Unterrichtstakt. Die Fachbeiträge von Andreas Müller, Ilka Parchmann, Gerhard Roth u. a. untermauern die Praxisberichte aus lern- und entwicklungspsychologischer Sicht. Die Autoren sind sich einig: Wer bereits in der Schule forscht, ist in Studium und Beruf einen großen Schritt voraus....

  1. Episodic cluster headache from a textbook of 1745: van Swieten's classic description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isler, H

    1993-06-01

    The first description of cluster headache is usually attributed to authors who published between 1867 and 1939, but lately several researchers have found accounts dating back to the 18th or even the 17th century which are incomplete or do not account for cluster headache in the strict sense. However, Gerhard van Swieten gave a full description of a case of episodic cluster headache meeting the IHS criteria in 1745, in his textbook of clinical medicine, the mainstream textbook of Continental medicine in those years, since van Swieten was the founder of the then leading medical centre, the Vienna School. That the case was found again only in 1992 is due to the circumstance that it was published in Latin. It is presented here in an English translation facing the original Latin text.

  2. Mõisakoolid loodavad Euroopa Liidu abile / Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje, 1948-

    2000-01-01

    Austria suursaadik Michael Miess, Rootsi suursaadik Elisabet Borsiin Bonnier, Saksa suursaadik Gerhard Enver Schrömbgens abikaasaga, Soome saatkonna minister-nõunik Nyyrikki Kurkivuori ja Taani saatkonna esimene sekretär Mette Frederiksen külastasid Järvamaa maavanema ja Järvamaa Mõisakoolide Ühingu kutsel Koeru Keskkooli ning Albu, Roosna-Alliku ja Laupa põhikooli. Küllakutse eesmärk oli näidata, mida kujutab endast mujal maailmas tundmatu mõisakool, mis probleeme toob kaasa ja milliseid eeliseid annab koolile töötamine muinsuskaitse all olevas hoones ning kuidas säilitada Eesti mõisaarhitektuuri

  3. Liminaire

    OpenAIRE

    Husson, Laurent; Seydoux, Guillaume

    2008-01-01

    Le Portique ne pouvait rester indifférent au centenaire de la nais­sance de Sartre. Six philosophes des deux côtés du Rhin, Manfred Frank (Tübingen), Guillaume Seydoux (Metz), Jean-Christophe Merle (Tours et Saarbrücken), Laurent Husson (Metz), Alain Flajo­liet (Paris) et Gerhard Seel (Berne) ont interrogé sa pensée philoso­phique à partir de ses fonde­ments ontologiques et de ses perspectives morales. La théorie sartrienne de la conscience, éclairée dans sa singula­rité à l’aide des traditi...

  4. Application of theoretical vehicle dynamic results for experimental validation of vehicle characteristics in autonomous vehicle guidance; Aehnlichkeitstheoretische Modelluebertragung zur experimentellen Eigenschaftsabsicherung in der autonomen Fahrzeugfuehrung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hilgert, J.; Bertram, T. [Univ. Duisburg (Germany). Fachbereich Maschinenbau

    2002-07-01

    The validation and verification of theoretical vehicle dynamic results for autonomous driving can be seen as a major challenge. The main reasons are the high cost of driving tests and the risk of damaging or destroying the test vehicle and the involved persons. One possibility for avoiding these problems and simultaneously to ensure good experimental results lies in the use of scaled model vehicles. Of special relevance is the transfer of relevant parameters to the full size vehicle. In this paper a method based on similitude analysis is developed for validation and verification of driving tests for autonomous vehicles. This method is described for a lane change manoeuvre for a 1:5 scaled vehicle belonging to the Institute of Mechatronics and System Dynamics at the Gerhard-Mercator-Universitaet Duisburg. (orig.) [German] In der autonomen Fahrzeugfuehrung stellt die experimentelle Verifikation und Validierung von theoretischen Ergebnissen hinsichtlich fahrdynamischer Eigenschaften eine grosse Herausforderung dar. Die Ursachen hierfuer liegen zum einen in den hohen Kosten, welche bei Fahrversuchen entstehen, und zum anderen im Unfallrisiko fuer den Versuchstraeger und die am Versuch beteiligten Personen. Eine Moeglichkeit diese Nachteile zu umgehen und gleichzeitig experimentelle Ergebnisse zu bekommen, besteht in der Verwendung massstabgetreuer Modellfahrzeuge. Von besonderer Bedeutung ist hier die Uebertragung relevanter Parameter auf das reale Fahrzeug. In diesem Beitrag wird daher mit Hilfe von aehnlichkeitstheoretischen Ueberlegungen ein Konzept zur experimentellen Verifikation und Validierung von Fahrversuchen auf Basis eines am Institut fuer Mechatronik und Systemdynamik der Gerhard-Mercator-Universitaet Duisburg vorhandenen Fahrzeugmodells (Massstab 1:5) anhand eines Spurwechselmanoevers vorgestellt. (orig.)

  5. Cost-effective greenhouse gas reduction of various bioenergies; Kosteneffiziente Treibhausgas-Minderung verschiedener Bioenergien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dressler, Daniela; Engelmann, Karsten [Technologie- und Foerderzentrum im Kompetenzzentrum fuer Nachwachsende Rohstoffe (TFZ), Straubing (Germany); Boeswirth, Tobias [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Oekologischen Landbau und Pflanzenbausysteme; and others

    2016-07-01

    The overriding long-term goal, which is to be worked on and supported by the ExpRessBio expert group, is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG emissions) in consideration of other important environmental impacts in Bavaria. For this purpose, energy and material flows of agricultural and forestry production of biomass for the provision of raw materials for energy conversion and material use are analysed. Based on these analyses, recommendations for the optimization of the mentioned production chains are worked out. At the same time, an economic and business assessment of the investigated process chains is to be carried out at different levels so that the most sustainable use of agricultural and forestry resources in Bavaria can be ensured. [German] Das uebergeordnete, langfristige Ziel, das durch die Expertengruppe ExpRessBio bearbeitet und dessen Umsetzung unterstuetzt werden soll, ist die Reduktion der Treibhausgas-Emissionen (THG-Emissionen) in Abwaegung mit anderen wichtigen Umweltwirkungen in Bayern. Zu diesem Zweck werden Energie- und Stoffstroeme der land- und forstwirtschaftlichen Produktion von Biomasse zur Bereitstellung von Rohstoffen fuer die Energieumwandlung und die stoffliche Nutzung analysiert. Auf Basis dieser Analysen werden Handlungsempfehlungen zur Optimierung der genannten Produktionsketten erarbeitet. Gleichzeitig soll auch eine volks- und betriebswirtschaftliche Bewertung der untersuchten Verfahrensketten auf unterschiedlichen Betrachtungsebenen erfolgen, sodass eine moeglichst nachhaltige Nutzung land- und forstwirtschaftlicher Ressourcen in Bayern sichergestellt werden kann.

  6. Maarten’t Hart bestaat niet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Werhnan

    1992-05-01

    Full Text Available Maarten 't Hart werd in 1944 geboren in het Nederlandse stadje Maasshuis. Daar spelen verscheidene van zijn autobiografische romans, een teken dat hij verknocht is aan zijn geboortegrond. In zijn eerste romans Stenen voor een ransuil (1971 en Ik had een wapenbroeder (1973 staat het thema van de homoseksualiteit centraal. In zijn latere werk spelen de liefde tussen man en vrouw en de liefde voor de natuur en de muziek een grote rol. Veel van zijn werk, vooral zijn beroemdste roman Een vlucht regenwulpen, staat in het teken van de gewenste eenzaamheid. Behalve zeventien romans en verhalenbundels (de meest recente roman Onder de korenmaat verscheen in 1991 publiceerde Maarten 't Hart een tienlal boeken met populair-welenschappelijke studies en essays. In Ratten (1973 gaat het over zijn voorliefde voor een gediscrimineerd dier, in De som van misverstanden (1978 beschrijfl hij zijn liefde voor de literatuur, in De vrouw bestaat niel trekt hij len strijde tegen het feminisme en in Een dasspeld uit Toela (1990 rekent hij af met de literatuurcritici. Maarten't Hart is een uitnemend en gevoelig verteller Waarschijnlijk is het aan zijn nogal slordige stijl en zijn afkeer van het experiment in de romankunst te wijten dal hij na de Multatuliprijs-1975 voor zijn verhalenbundel Het vrome volk (1974 geen enkele lileraire prijs meer heeft gekregen. Wei halen zijn boeken hoge oplagen en is hij ereburger van Maasshuis.

  7. Famiglia e geno-poiesi nel Nazionalsocialismo - Family and genos-poiesis in National Socialism

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    Alberto Castaldini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Nazi regime (1933-45 wanted to protect and promote through the creation of a new family structure the conservation of the biological heredity of the German nation, in order to preserve and refine obsessively the identity and the purity of the so-called Blutsgemeinschaft, the “community of blood” in which to identify the political and the cultural entity of the Volk, one of the pillars of Hitler’s biocracy. In the first half of the 20th century the value of memory, the nature of the family and the meaning of the relationship between the generations were manipulated and debased. This view, with its tragic ethical and juridical consequences, was scientifically warranted by German academic world, whose leading exponents took controversial positions. For instance the human biologist and eugenicist Otmar von Verschuer (1896-1969 theorized a biological unity between present and past, stating that the “German people is a large community of ancestors, namely a consanguineous solidarity”. In this way the Nazis deeply redefined the bonds of kinship and the genos assumed the nature of a “fictitious symbol” (C. Tullio-Altan in the service of a regime that in the name of an imaginary ancestral vitalism pursued a systematic policy of death.

  8. Instability timescale for the inclination instability in the solar system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zderic, Alexander; Madigan, Ann-Marie; Fleisig, Jacob

    2018-04-01

    The gravitational influence of small bodies is often neglected in the study of solar system dynamics. However, this is not always an appropriate assumption. For example, mutual secular torques between low mass particles on eccentric orbits can result in a self-gravity instability (`inclination instability'; Madigan & McCourt 2016). During the instability, inclinations increase exponentially, eccentricities decrease (detachment), and orbits cluster in argument of perihelion. In the solar system, the orbits of the most distant objects show all three of these characteristics (high inclination: Volk & Malhotra (2017), detachment: Delsanti & Jewitt (2006), and argument of perihelion clustering: Trujillo & Sheppard (2014)). The inclination instability is a natural explanation for these phenomena.Unfortunately, full N-body simulations of the solar system are unfeasible (N ≈ O(1012)), and the behavior of the instability depends on N, prohibiting the direct application of lower N simulations. Here we present the instability timescale's functional dependence on N, allowing us to extrapolate our simulation results to that appropriate for the solar system. We show that ~5 MEarth of small icy bodies in the Sedna region is sufficient for the inclination instability to occur in the outer solar system.

  9. REPUTAÇÃO CORPORATIVA: MENSURAÇÃO E ANÁLISE DE MAPAS PERCEPTUAIS – UM ESTUDO EMPÍRICO NA INDÚSTRIA AUTOMOBILÍSTICA BRASILEIRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Maurício Isoni

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura mostrar a pertinência de parâmetros e atributos de gestão reputacional percebidos pelos consumidores das marcas Fiat e Volks da indústria automobilística brasileira, através de quatro dimensões: (1 imagem, reputação e credibilidade; (2 relação com a comunidade; (3 ética e sustentabilidade; (4 decisão de compra ou recompra. Reputação corporativa tem sido tema mundialmente estudado e de grande importância para empresas e para a academia. Visando a mensurar a reputação corporativa, este estudo desenvolve uma escala de reputação baseada em Fombrun, Gardberg e Sever (2001 e King (2000. Com uma amostra de 316 respondentes de dois Estados brasileiros, buscando verificar a reputação da indústria automobilística, foi verificada a confiabilidade da escala, bem como traçados mapas perceptuais para análise dos resultados. Assim, este trabalho contribui para o desenvolvimento de uma escala brasileira de reputação corporativa e para a utilização de mapas perceptuais como instrumento gerencial e analítico.

  10. Den öffentlichen Raum „hacken“ und die Menschen beeinflussen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irwan Ahmett

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available 65 Jahre nach der Unabhängigkeitserklärung Indonesiens kletterte ein Mann mittleren Alters in Jakarta verbotenerweise auf das Dach des indonesischen Parlamentsgebäudes. Seine Botschaft waren drei Wörter, die sehr gut die Stimmung im Land zum Ausdruck brachten. Seine „Waffe“ war eine Farbspraydose für zwei US-Dollar. Pong Harjatmos Aktion stieß auf öffentliche Resonanz, weil klar war, dass es nicht mehr ausreicht, sich von der Politik abzuwenden und diesem ruhmreichen Gebäude lediglich den Mittelfinger zu zeigen. Die zahllosen Korruptionsaffären sind nur die Spitze eines Eisbergs. Harjatmo, ein einfacher Mann, überbrachte den Volks vertreter_innen eine Botschaft, die aus der Tiefe seines Gewissens kam: „Honest, Fair, Firm“. (... Waffen und Kämpfe sind untrennbar. Ich war immer überzeugt davon, dass die Effizienz einer Waffe vor allem davon abhängt, wie sie eingesetzt wird und nicht von der Kraft der sie nutzenden Person.

  11. Hydrologic investigations on construction and operation of small-scale hydropower stations in the southern Black Forest; Gewaesseroekologische Untersuchungen zum Bau und Betrieb einer Kleinwasserkraftanlage im Suedschwarzwald

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kerle, F.; Giesecke, J. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasserbau

    2003-07-01

    How far do ecologically optimized small hydropower systems (diversion type) still alter a river ecosystem? How can negative impacts be mitigated and compensated? To get more insight into these strategic important questions, a long-term case study (10 years) at the river Elz, Black Forest, has been implemented in 1999. The pre- and post-project analysis of the new 320-kW hydropower station (Wasserkraft Volk AG) uses methods of hydromorphological and biological monitoring in combination with ecological modeling (CASIMIR). After two years of hydropower operation, preliminary results show that the ecological sustainability of the directly affected river stretch (2 km) is still in good order. It can be shown that especially small fish species and earlier fish life stages profit from the water withdrawal while the habitat of adult brown trout is reduced even so an extraordinary environmental flow is released in the river bed. Restoration of riparian cover structures and foru new fishpasses help to compensate this unavoidable loss. Even if it is yet to early to audit all negative and positive aspects, the hydropower plant under investigation is an excellent example how a fair compromise between nature conservation, renewable energy supply and economics can be achieved. (orig.)

  12. ˝FLUMINENSIA˝ VON FRAN KURELAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leopoldina Veronika Banaš

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Das Buch "Fluminensia" (1862 von Fran Kurelac enthält die für die Schulfestlichkeiten geschriebenen Reden, Gelegenheitsgedichte - Ehrengedichte den bedeutenden und verdienstvollen Zeitgenossen gewidmet: dem Bischof von Senj und Modrus" Mirko Ožegović, Bartol Zmajic von Bakar, dem kroatischen Ban Josip Jelačić u.a. Danach folgen Aufrufe ("Proglasi" aus stürmischem 1848, gerichtet auf die Granzlandbewohner, Deutscher, ungarische Kroaten, Rumänen und Slawonier. Die Aufrufe wurden von Kurelac im Namen der Banalregierung beschrieben. Am Ende des Buches steht eine sprachwissenschaftliche Abhandlung über die ubstantivbiegung. Die für die Schulfestlichkeiten geschreibenen Reden sind wissenschaftliche Inhalte, essaystisch-didaktisch gestalltet, mit der Meldung über die Bedeutung der Wisenschaft, über die Bedeutung und Rolle der Sprache und des Buches für den Fortschritt des Volkes. Der Verfasser widmete dieses Buch seinen ehemaligen Schülern. "Fluminensia" nimmt eine wichtige Stelle in literarischer und sprachwissenschaftlicher Schöpfung auf dem Gebiet von Rijeka und Kroatien im 19. Jahrhundert ein.

  13. Differences of optic disc appearance between normal tension and high tension glaucoma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojčić Milan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The term glaucoma is used to cover a wide range of diseases, whose main feature is optic neuropathy. According to the level of intraocular pressure (IOP, the open angle glaucoma is arbitrarily divided into high tension glaucoma (HTG and normal tension glaucoma (NTG. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences of optic disc cup appearance between patients with NTG and HTG. Methods. Prospective study included 30 patients (60 eyes with NTG and 30 patients (60 eyes with HTG. IOP was measured by Goldmann applanation tonometry. Examination of optic disc head was performed by indirect ophthalmoscopy with Volk 90 D superfield lens through a dilated pupil to observe qualitative and quantitative parameters. Visual fields were examined in all patients with the Octopus program G1, full threshold strategy (Octopus 500 EZ, Interzeag, Switzerland. Results. Vertical form of optic disc cup was present in 11 eyes with NTG (18.3% and three eyes with HTG (5% (p<0.05. A disc with localized tissue loss (polar notching on the inferior pole was observed in eight eyes with NTG (13.3% and in one eye with HTG (1.7% (p<0.01. Uniformly enlarged, round cup was more frequent in patients with HTG than NTG: 93.3% and 68.3% respectively (p<0.05. Conclusion. The perceived differences indicate a complex multifactorial nature of glaucoma disease and a possible existence of two pathophysiological ways of optic disc changes within the same basic disease.

  14. [The cell phones as devices for the ocular fundus documentation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Němčanský, J; Kopecký, A; Timkovič, J; Mašek, P

    2014-12-01

    To present our experience with "smart phones" when examining and documenting human eyes. From September to October 2013 fifteen patients (8 men, 7 women) eye fundus was examined, an average age during the examination was 58 year (ranging from 20-65 years). The photo-documentation was performed with dilated pupils (tropicamid hydrochloridum 1% eye drops) with mobile phone Samsung Galaxy Nexus with the operating system Android 4.3 (Google Inc., Mountain View, CA, USA) and iPhone 4 with the operating system 7.0.4 (Apple Inc., Loop Cupertino, CA, USA), and with 20D lens (Volk Optical Inc., Mentor, OH, USA). The images of the retina taken with a mobile phone and the spherical lens are of a very good quality, precise and reproducible. Learning this technique is easy and fast, the learning curve is steep. Photo-documentation of retina with a mobile phone is a safe, time-saving, easy-to-learn technique, which may be used in a routine ophthalmologic practice. The main advantage of this technique is availability, small size and easy portability of the devices.

  15. APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded on an annual basis by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. A qualified candidate must demonstrate exemplary performance in working with an underserved population in an applied setting or have developed an innovative method for delivering health services to an underserved population. The 2016 recipient of the APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology was selected by the 2015 Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the 2015 APAGS Scholarship and Awards Selection Committee. Members of the 2015 BPA were Patricia Arredondo, EdD; Helen L. Coons, PhD, ABPP; Vickie Mays, PhD, MSPH; Linda A. Reddy, PhD; Lois O. Condi, PhD; Antonette M. Zeiss, PhD; Timothy A. Cavell, PhD; Robert T. Kinscherff, PhD, JD; and Jared L. Skillings, PhD, ABPP. Members of the 2015 APAGS Scholarship and Awards Selection Committee were Emily Voelkel, PhD; Blaire Schembari; and Yolanda Perkins-Volk. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. The library was used as Copernicus in Auersperg’s and Lyceal Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Južnič

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We described the beginnings of the Auersperg Prince’s Library of Ljubljana. The special concern was put on the most important bibliophile among the Auerpergs, Volk Engelbert. The work of his friend and librarian, Schönleben, was put in the limelight. We researched the catalogue of Auersperg’s mathematical books, including astronomy and discussed the importance and value of particular items. The library was used as the base for the analysis of Auersperg’s scientific interests just after they returned to the Catholic faith. We also examined their opinion about Copernicus. The contemporary destiny of the Auersperg Prince’s Library was mentioned. In this very moment just some books of the former Ljubljanian library could be traced in different foreign libraries, especially in USA. We discovered the second edition of Copernicus’ De Revolutionibus which National and University Library of Ljubljana inherited from the Ljubljanian Jesuit library. Because of the wrong year written in Cobiss record, this precious treasure was unknown to the researchers up to now.

  17. Dilated examination of patients referred with minor lid complaints--is it necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlins, P J; Benskin, S; Tahhan, M; Tyagi, A K

    2007-07-01

    To evaluate whether dilated fundus examination is necessary on patients presenting to clinic with lid complaints and normal vision. Patients with lid complaints were recruited from general and emergency clinics. Patients with visual symptoms or previous ophthalmic history were excluded. Subjects were examined by a junior ophthalmologist with slit-lamp biomicroscopy and Goldmann tonometry. Dilated posterior segment examination was performed with a Volk lens and the peripheral retina was examined with a three-mirror contact lens. A total of 100 patients (200 eyes) were recruited, 63 females and 37 males with an average age of 45 years (SD of 19 years). The majority of lid abnormalities were chalazia (66) and papilloma (21). Posterior segment findings were early cataracts in five cases (eight eyes), macular drusen in three cases (five eyes), peripheral retinal lattice degeneration in two cases (three eyes), retinal pigment epithelial changes in one case (two eyes), a choroidal naevus in one eye, choroidal atrophy in one eye, and one case with asymmetric disc cupping. Six patients were seen by senior ophthalmologists and all were discharged after the first visit. In our sample of 100 patients presenting with lid complaints and normal visual acuity, dilated examination revealed no sight-threatening conditions that required further treatment or regular follow-up. Therefore, a single episode of screening for nonspecified retinal disease in a group with no particular risk factors is an inefficient screening method.

  18. Application of optical scanning for measurements of castings and cores

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    M. Wieczorowski

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper application of non destructive method for dimensional control of elements in initial phase of car manufacturing, at Volks-wagen Poznań foundry was presented. VW foundry in Poznań is responsible of series production of chill and dies castings made of light alloys using contemporary technologies. Castings have a complex shape: they are die castings of housings for steering columns and gravity chill castings of cylinder heads, for which cores are manufactured using both hot box and cold box method. Manufacturing capabilities of VW foundry in Poznań reach 26.000 tons of aluminum castings per year. Optical system ATOS at Volkswagen Poznań foundry is used to digitize object and determination of all dimensions and shapes of inspected object. This technology is applied in car industry, reverse engineering, quality analysis and control and to solve many similar tasks. System is based on triangulation: sensor head projects different fringes patterns onto a measured object while scanner observes their trajectories using two cameras. Basing on optical transform equations a processing unit automatically and with a great accuracy calculates 3D coordinates for every pixel of camera. Depending on camera reso-lution as an effect of such a scan we obtain a cloud of up to 4 million points for every single measurement. In the paper examples of di-mensional analysis regarding castings and cores were presented.

  19. Jigsaw Semantics

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    Paul J. E. Dekker

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade the enterprise of formal semantics has been under attack from several philosophical and linguistic perspectives, and it has certainly suffered from its own scattered state, which hosts quite a variety of paradigms which may seem to be incompatible. It will not do to try and answer the arguments of the critics, because the arguments are often well-taken. The negative conclusions, however, I believe are not. The only adequate reply seems to be a constructive one, which puts several pieces of formal semantics, in particular dynamic semantics, together again. In this paper I will try and sketch an overview of tasks, techniques, and results, which serves to at least suggest that it is possible to develop a coherent overall picture of undeniably important and structural phenomena in the interpretation of natural language. The idea is that the concept of meanings as truth conditions after all provides an excellent start for an integrated study of the meaning and use of natural language, and that an extended notion of goal directed pragmatics naturally complements this picture. None of the results reported here are really new, but we think it is important to re-collect them.ReferencesAsher, Nicholas & Lascarides, Alex. 1998. ‘Questions in Dialogue’. Linguistics and Philosophy 23: 237–309.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005364332007Borg, Emma. 2007. ‘Minimalism versus contextualism in semantics’. In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds. ‘Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism’, pp. 339–359. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernest. 1997. ‘On an Alleged Connection between Indirect Quotation and Semantic Theory’. Mind and Language 12: pp. 278–296.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernie. 2005. Insensitive Semantics. Oxford: Blackwell.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470755792Dekker, Paul. 2002. ‘Meaning and Use of Indefinite Expressions’. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11: pp. 141–194

  20. Vaterschaft nach der Scheidung – Die Perspektive der Väter Fatherhood After Divorce—The Fathers’ Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Matzner

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Während man in Deutschland die Situation von allein erziehenden Müttern gut erforscht hat, wandte man sich den von ihren Kindern getrennt lebenden Vätern nur äußerst selten zu. Dies ist mehr als erstaunlich, wenn man sich die in die Millionen gehende Zahl betroffener Väter und Kinder vor Augen führt. Allein im Jahr 2000 wurden 95.000 Ehepaare mit minderjährigen Kindern (146.000 geschieden. Bei Gerhard Amendts empirischer Studie handelt es sich um die erste deutschsprachige, als Buch erschienene wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichung zum Thema „Scheidungsväter“. Amendt beantwortet aus der Perspektive der Väter folgende Fragen: Wie sprechen Väter über ihre Scheidung und wie gehen sie mit den Scheidungsfolgen um? Wie verbringen sie die Zeit mit ihren Kindern? Warum brechen manche von ihnen den Kontakt zu den Kindern ab? Der neue Zugang zum Thema Scheidung bzw. Trennung über die Person des Vaters war längst überfällig und bringt neue Perspektiven und Erkenntnisse in die wissenschaftliche Debatte.While the situation of single mothers has been duly researched in Germany, very rarely has attention been given to fathers who live separated from their children. This is truly remarkable when one surveys the number, rising into the millions, of fathers and children affected. In the year 2000 alone, 95,000 married couples with dependant children (146,000 divorced. Gerhard Amendt’s empirical study can be seen as the first German-language, book length, scientific publication on “divorced fathers.” Arendt answers the following questions from the perspective of the fathers: How do fathers talk about divorce and how do they deal with the consequences of divorce? How do they spend time with their children? Why do some of them cut off contact to their children? This new access to the issues of divorce or separation with regard to the father was long overdue and brings new perspectives and realizations to the scientific debate.

  1. Citations Prize 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, Simon; Ruffle, Jon

    2014-06-01

    Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB) awards its 'Citations Prize' to the authors of the original research paper that has received the most citations in the preceding five years (according to the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)). The lead author of the winning paper is presented with the Rotblat Medal (named in honour of Professor Sir Joseph Rotblat, a Nobel Prize winner who also was the second—and longest serving—Editor of PMB, from 1961-1972). The winner of the 2013 Citations Prize for the paper which has received the most citations in the previous five years (2008-2012) is Figure. Figure. Four of the prize winning authors. From left to right: Thomas Istel (Philips), Jens-Peter Schlomka (with medal, MorphoDetection), Ewald Roessl (Philips), and Gerhard Martens (Philips). Title: Experimental feasibility of multi-energy photon-counting K-edge imaging in pre-clinical computed tomography Authors: Jens Peter Schlomka1, Ewald Roessl1, Ralf Dorscheid2, Stefan Dill2, Gerhard Martens1, Thomas Istel1, Christian Bäumer3, Christoph Herrmann3, Roger Steadman3, Günter Zeitler3, Amir Livne4 and Roland Proksa1 Institutions: 1 Philips Research Europe, Sector Medical Imaging Systems, Hamburg, Germany 2 Philips Research Europe, Engineering & Technology, Aachen, Germany 3 Philips Research Europe, Sector Medical Imaging Systems, Aachen, Germany 4 Philips Healthcare, Global Research and Advanced Development, Haifa, Israel Reference: Schlomka et al 2008 Phys. Med. Biol. 53 4031-47 This paper becomes the first to win both this citations prize and also the PMB best paper prize (The Roberts Prize), which it won for the year 2008. Discussion of the significance of the winning paper can be found in this medicalphysicsweb article from the time of the Roberts Prize win (http://medicalphysicsweb.org/cws/article/research/39907). The author's enthusiasm for their prototype spectral CT system has certainly been reflected in the large number of citations the paper subsequently has

  2. Retinocoroidite toxoplásmica em pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis in patients with AIDS and neurotoxoplasmosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Mary Alves

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A neurotoxoplasmose é a alteração do sistema nervoso central mais frequente observada em pacientes com AIDS. A ocorrência de toxoplasmose ocular em neurotoxoplasmose ainda é pouco estudada. O objetivo deste estudo foi de investigar a ocorrência de retinocoroidite toxoplásmica, típica ou provável, em pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose. MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvido estudo prospectivo, tipo série de casos incluindo 70 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, com idade variando de 20 a 63 anos, internados nas enfermarias de três hospitais públicos da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, com tais diagnósticos firmados segundo os critérios do CDC (1992, no período de janeiro a outubro de 2008. Os pacientes caracterizavam-se por: primeiro episódio de neurotoxoplasmose (65; 92,9% ou recidiva (5; 7,1%; desconhecimento de ter AIDS (23; 32,9%, contagem média de linfócitos T CD4 de 139,8 ± 3,04 células/mm³ e carga viral média igual a 137.080 ± 39.380 cópias/mL. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico, consistindo de: inspeção ocular; aferição da acuidade visual; investigação da função muscular extrínseca ocular e fundoscopia, empregando oftalmoscópio indireto binocular (modelo OHN 3.5 (Eyetec® e lente externa de 20 dioptrias (Volk®. RESULTADOS: Foram diagnosticados 4 (5,7% pacientes com lesões cicatriciais de retinocoroidite, características de toxoplasmose ocular, sendo típica em 3 (75% pacientes e bilateral em 1. Não houve qualquer caso de retinocoroidite ativa, típica ou provável. As lesões oculares ativas foram raras comparadas às lesões cicatriciais, as quais se associam à presença de cistos na retina. CONCLUSÃO: Recomenda-se que mesmo lesões cicatriciais sejam valorizadas em pacientes com AIDS.PURPOSE: Neurotoxoplasmosis is the most common central nervous system disorder in patients with AIDS. The occurrence of ocular toxoplasmosis in neurotoxoplasmosis is not well studied. The objective of

  3. “Patriotism” as a Goal of School Education in China and Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Kondo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the eyes of much of the Japanese public, “patriotism education” in China is synonymous with anti-Japanese education, and a source of friction. Much of that friction, however, can be attributed to the differing roles and functions of “patriotism” in the two countries as well as the variant connotations of the very word for “patriotism”. In China, the communist party avails itself of the strong levels of patriotism among the people in order to advance modernization of the country. Patriotism education is not designed to serve as anti-Japanese education. In Japan, however, given the country’s past role as an aggressor nation, that word has had consistently negative connotations. Debates over its own patriotism have continued and there are accordingly inexorable apprehensions over patriotism education in China. To address the recurrent frictions between these two countries, both must overcome their ignorance about the differences that Chinese and Japanese societies manifest.Unter der „patriotischen Erziehung“ in China versteht man in Japan generell eine anti-japanische Erziehung. Der bilaterale Streit um diese chinesische Bildungspolitik liegt aber in der unterschiedlichen Stellung begründet, welche der Begriff „Patriotismus“ in der Gesellschaft der beiden Nationen einnimmt. In der Annahme, dass es einen ausgeprägten Patriotismus im Volk gibt, hat sich die Kommunistische Partei die patriotische Erziehung zunutze gemacht, um den Staat zu modernisieren. Die anti-japanische Erziehung war dabei zumindest nicht beabsichtigt. Andererseits bekam der Patriotismus in Japan, durch die eigene Erfahrung des Invasionskriegs, eine negative Konnotation. Dort ist die Debatte um den heimischen Patriotismus noch nicht abgeschlossen, und auch die chinesische Bildungspolitik wird sehr kritisch angesehen. Um die wiederholten Konflikte zwischen den beiden Ländern zu lösen, muss man bei der Überwindung des gegenseitigen Unwissens und der

  4. Comparison of low-cost handheld retinal camera and traditional table top retinal camera in the detection of retinal features indicating a risk of cardiovascular disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, V.; Wigdahl, J.; Nemeth, S.; Zamora, G.; Ebrahim, E.; Soliz, P.

    2018-02-01

    Retinal abnormalities associated with hypertensive retinopathy are useful in assessing the risk of cardiovascular disease, heart failure, and stroke. Assessing these risks as part of primary care can lead to a decrease in the incidence of cardiovascular disease-related deaths. Primary care is a resource limited setting where low cost retinal cameras may bring needed help without compromising care. We compared a low-cost handheld retinal camera to a traditional table top retinal camera on their optical characteristics and performance to detect hypertensive retinopathy. A retrospective dataset of N=40 subjects (28 with hypertensive retinopathy, 12 controls) was used from a clinical study conducted at a primary care clinic in Texas. Non-mydriatic retinal fundus images were acquired using a Pictor Plus hand held camera (Volk Optical Inc.) and a Canon CR1-Mark II tabletop camera (Canon USA) during the same encounter. The images from each camera were graded by a licensed optometrist according to the universally accepted Keith-Wagener-Barker Hypertensive Retinopathy Classification System, three weeks apart to minimize memory bias. The sensitivity of the hand-held camera to detect any level of hypertensive retinopathy was 86% compared to the Canon. Insufficient photographer's skills produced 70% of the false negative cases. The other 30% were due to the handheld camera's insufficient spatial resolution to resolve the vascular changes such as minor A/V nicking and copper wiring, but these were associated with non-referable disease. Physician evaluation of the performance of the handheld camera indicates it is sufficient to provide high risk patients with adequate follow up and management.

  5. NASA and ESA astronauts visit ESO. Hubble repair team meets European astronomers in Garching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    On Wednesday, February 16, 1994, seven NASA and ESA astronauts and their spouses will spend a day at the Headquarters of the European Southern Observatory. They are the members of the STS-61 crew that successfully repaired the Hubble Space Telescope during a Space Shuttle mission in December 1993. This will be the only stop in Germany during their current tour of various European countries. ESO houses the Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility (ST/ECF), a joint venture by the European Space Agency and ESO. This group of astronomers and computer specialists provide all services needed by European astronomers for observations with the Space Telescope. Currently, the European share is about 20 of the total time available at this telescope. During this visit, a Press Conference will be held on Wednesday, February 16, 11:45 - 12:30 at the ESO Headquarters Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2 D-85748 Garching bei Munchen. Please note that participation in this Press Conference is by invitation only. Media representatives may obtain invitations from Mrs. E. Volk, ESO Information Service at this address (Tel.: +49-89-32006276; Fax.: +49-89-3202362), until Friday, February 11, 1994. After the Press Conference, between 12:30 - 14:00, a light refreshment will be served at the ESO Headquarters to all participants. >From 14:00 - 15:30, the astronauts will meet with students and teachers from the many scientific institutes in Garching in the course of an open presentation at the large lecture hall of the Physics Department of the Technical University. It is a 10 minute walk from ESO to the hall. Later the same day, the astronauts will be back at ESO for a private discussion of various space astronomy issues with their astronomer colleagues, many of whom are users of the Hubble Space Telescope, as well as ground-based telescopes at the ESO La Silla Observatory and elsewhere. The astronauts continue to Switzerland in the evening.

  6. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.G. Tregonning

    1969-10-01

    Full Text Available - J. Th. Ros-Schrijvers, G.C. Mandersloot, Pakistan. Serie Land-Volk-Cultuur, Het Wereldvenster, Baarn 1968, 219 p., fotomateriaal. - J. Th. Ros-Schrijvers, Cora Vreede-De Stuers, Parda, a study of Muslim women’s life in Northern India. Van Gorcum & Comp. n.v., Assen 1968, 128 pp., fotomateriaal. - Obayashi Taryo, C. Ouwehand, Namazu-e and their themes. An interpretative approach to some aspects of Japanese folk religion. XVI, 271 pp., 10 text figures, 21 plates, 2 maps. E.J. Brill, Leiden 1964. - C. Ouwehand, Chie Nakane, Kinship and economic organization in rural Japan. London School of Economics Monographs on social anthropology No. 32. London 1967, 203 + IX pp. - O.D. van den Muijzenberg, Grant K. Goodman, Four aspects of Philippine-Japanese Relations, 1930-1940. Monograph Series no. 9, Southeast Asia Studies, Yale University, 1967. X + 237 pp. - J.M. Pluvier, John Bastin, A history of modern Southeast Asia; Colonialism, nationalism, and decolonization. Englewood Cliffs (N.J., Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968, viii + 214 blz., bibliografie, index., Harry J. Benda (eds. - K.G. Tregonning, Journal of Southeast Asian History. Vol. x, No. 1, March 1969. “Singapore Commemorative Issue, 1819-1969. 150th Anniversary.” 191 p. - J.C. Anceaux, Rufus S. Hendon, The phonology and morphology of Ulu Muar Malay (Kuala Pilah District, Negri Sembilan, Malaya. Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven 1966. (Yale University Publications in Anthropology, 70. 176 p. - Stephan A. Gasser, D. Drost, Töpferei in Afrika. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1967. 289 S., 58 fig., 18 Karten, English summary.

  7. Self-efficacy in Environmental Education: Experiences of elementary education preservice teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Cynthia Crompton

    Despite research showing Environmental Education can provide positive student outcomes in academic achievement, critical thinking, motivation and engagement (Ernst, 2007; Lieberman & Hoody, 1998; Orr, 1992; Palmer, 1998; Powers, 2004; Volk & Cheak, 2003), Environmental Education is currently not a critical element in American public school K-12 education. The present study investigates self-efficacy in Environmental Education through a mixed methods research approach. The data reveal the participants' perspectives of their sense of self-efficacy in Environmental Education. It adds to the body of work on Environmental Education and self-efficacy by specifically investigating the topics through interviews with preservice teachers. Purposeful sampling is used to identify preservice elementary education teachers in their senior year of college with a high measure of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is measured using the Environmental Education Efficacy Belief Instrument (Sia, 1992). Forty-six preservice teachers completed the instrument. Six preservice teachers were interviewed to determine experiences that impact their self-efficacy in Environmental Education. Continual comparison and cross-case analysis are used to analyze the data. The results reveal a relationship between personal experiences with nature as a young child and current beliefs toward their personal efficacy and teaching outcome efficacy in Environmental Education. Similar to the findings of Sia (1992), the researcher discovered that preservice teachers realize that they lack sufficient knowledge and skill in Environmental Education but believe that effective teaching can increase students understanding of Environmental Education. While the preservice teachers do not believe they will teach Environmental Education as well as other subjects, they will continually seek out better ways to teach Environmental Education. Interviews with participants who had a high self-efficacy revealed the importance of

  8. Role of Absorbing Nanocrystal Cores in Soft Photonic Crystals: A Spectroscopy and SANS Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauh, Astrid; Carl, Nico; Schweins, Ralf; Karg, Matthias

    2018-01-23

    Periodic superstructures of plasmonic nanoparticles have attracted significant interest because they can support coupled plasmonic modes, making them interesting for plasmonic lasing, metamaterials, and as light-management structures in thin-film optoelectronic devices. We have recently shown that noble metal hydrogel core-shell colloids allow for the fabrication of highly ordered 2-dimensional plasmonic lattices that show surface lattice resonances as the result of plasmonic/diffractive coupling (Volk, K.; Fitzgerald, J. P. S.; Ruckdeschel, P.; Retsch, M.; König, T. A. F.; Karg, M. Reversible Tuning of Visible Wavelength Surface Lattice Resonances in Self-Assembled Hybrid Monolayers. Adv. Optical Mater. 2017, 5, 1600971, DOI: 10.1002/adom.201600971). In the present work, we study the photonic properties and structure of 3-dimensional crystalline superstructures of gold hydrogel core-shell colloids and their pitted counterparts without gold cores. We use far-field extinction spectroscopy to investigate the optical response of these superstructures. Narrow Bragg peaks are measured, independently of the presence or absence of the gold cores. All crystals show a significant reduction in low-wavelength scattering. This leads to a significant enhancement of the plasmonic properties of the samples prepared from gold-nanoparticle-containing core-shell colloids. Plasmonic/diffractive coupling is not evident, which we mostly attribute to the relatively small size of the gold cores limiting the effective coupling strength. Small-angle neutron scattering is applied to study the crystal structure. Bragg peaks of several orders clearly assignable to an fcc arrangement of the particles are observed for all crystalline samples in a broad range of volume fractions. Our results indicate that the nanocrystal cores do not influence the overall crystallization behavior or the crystal structure. These are important prerequisites for future studies on photonic materials built from core

  9. Comparison of normotensive and glaucoma simplex patients according to age and sex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojčić Milan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. According to the level of intraocular pressure (IOP, open angle glaucoma is divided into high tension glaucoma (HTG and normal tension glaucoma (NTG. Objective. To determine if there are differences in the distribution of patients by age and sex between NTG and HTG. Methods. Our prospective study included 30 patients with NTG and 30 with HTG. A complete eye examination was performed. The examination included measuring of intraocular pressure by Goldmann applanation tonometry, examination of optic disc head by indirect ophthalmoscopy with Volk 90 D lens and visual field examination using the Octopus program. Results. The average damage of visual field in the group of patients with NTG was 8.14±4.43 dB, while in the group with HTG it was 7.40±2.84 dB (p>0.05. The average age of the group of patients with NTG was 66±11.58 years, while among those with HTG the average age was 59.7±11.63 years (p<0.01. Among the patients with NTG there were three times more women than men (χ2=9.124; p<0.01, while in the group of patients with HTG there were more men than women, but without statistically significant difference between the tested groups (χ2=1.851; p>0.05. Conclusion. Open angle glaucoma is a disease of elderly population. According to our results, risk factors for this disease can be age and sex. NTG is more frequently present than HTG among elderly population and females.

  10. Promoting knowledge of statins in patients with low health literacy using an audio booklet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gossey JT

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available J Travis Gossey1, Simon N Whitney2, Michael A Crouch3, Maria L Jibaja-Weiss2, Hong Zhang4, Robert J Volk41Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; 3Memorial Family Medicine Residency Program, Sugar Land, TX, USA; 4Department of General Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Houston Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Houston, TX, USABackground: Statins are generally well tolerated and effective at reducing a patient’s risk of both primary and secondary cardiovascular events. Many patients who would benefit from statin therapy either do not adhere to or stop taking their statin medication within the first year. We developed an audio booklet targeted to low health literacy patients to teach them about the benefits and risks of statins to help the patients adhere to their statin therapy.Methods: Through focus groups and an iterative design, an audio booklet was developed for both English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients. We then compared the booklet with standard of care in 132 patients from our target patient population to measure its impact on knowledge and understanding of statins.Results: The patients enjoyed the audio booklet and showed significant increases in knowledge after listening to it when compared with those who received the standard of care materials.Conclusion: The audio booklet shows promise as a tool that can be used effectively in clinical practice to teach patients about statin therapy.Keywords: patient adherence, patient education, medical decision-making, hypercholesterolemia

  11. Frequency of diabetic retinopathy in karachi, pakistan: a hospital based study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alkhairy, S.; Rasheed, A.

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in diabetes patients presenting to the National Institute of Diabetes and Eye out patient department of Dow University Hospital (Ohja campus), Dow University of Health Sciences. Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study in which known diabetics were recruited between the period of 1st July 2011 till 31st July 2012.They were then referred to the Ophthalmology unit for eye examination. Subjective refraction was done with Snellens chart, anterior segment examination and fundus examined was done using a TopCon PS-61E Slit lamp BioMicroscope. All patients were dilated with eye drop tropicamide 1% instilled every ten minutes for thirty minutes and the fundus was examined with Volk 90D lens. Classification of diabetic retinopathy was done using the International clinical diabetic retinopathy disease severity scale study. The data was analyzed using Statistical package for social Science (SPSS version 20) and a p value of < 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Results: There were a total number of 570 patients included in this study. Amongst them 325 were males and 245 were females. Out of these patients those that who were found to have diabetic retinopathy were 315 (55.3%).The age range was between 25 and 75 years and the mean age was 52.30 ± 9.333.Patients that were found to have mild non proliferative diabetic retinopathy were 231(40.5% ) while 33 (5.8%) had moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy,11(1.9%) had severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 40 (7.0)% had proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic Maculopathy was seen in a total number of 72(12.6%) of patients. Conclusions: Diabetic retinopathy is highly prevalent in Karachi, Pakistan thus it is vital to detect as well as manage the disease early so as to prevent the onset of blindness in relation to it. (author)

  12. Ultra-wide field imaging system and traditional retinal examinations for screening fundus changes after cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jie; Zhang, Qi; Jin, Hai-Ying; Lu, Wu-Yi; Zhao, Pei-Quan

    2016-01-01

    To compare the results of non-mydriatic ultra-wide field imaging system, mydriatic slit-lamp lens (Volk +90 D) and mydriatic Goldmann three-mirror contact lens examinations in screening fundus lesions among patients after cataract surgery. Non-mydriatic images were obtained with an Optomap panoramic 200Tx (Optomap 200Tx) 3d after surgery and graded by a blinded ophthalmologist. A mydriatic slit-lamp lens examination was performed by another blinded retinal specialist on the same day. A third blinded retinal specialist examined patients two weeks after surgery using a Goldmann three-mirror contact lens. In total, 160 patients (184 eyes) were examined, and 66, 69, and 75 cases of retinal lesion(s) were identified using the Optomap 200Tx, slit-lamp lens, and Goldmann three-mirror contact lens, respectively. In 13 cases, fundus changes were sight-threatening. The results obtained by Optomap 200Tx examination and by mydriatic slit-lamp lens examination have good consistency (P=0.375, Kappa=0.942). The mydriatic Goldmann three-mirror lens examination revealed more fundus lesions but are consistent with Optomap 200Tx (P=0.004, Kappa=0.897) and mydriatic slit-lamp lens examination (P=0.031, Kappa=0.932). Early post-operative fundus screening in cataract patients is extremely important and necessary to prevent further vision loss. Wide-field imaging is a feasible and convenient tool for fundus examination that can be used as a primary screening method among patients after cataract surgery.

  13. Digital radiography of the skeleton using a large-area detector based on amorphous silicon technology: Image quality and potential for dose reduction in comparison with screen-film radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Volk, M.; Strotzer, M.; Holzkneckt, N.; Manke, C.; Lenhart, M.; Gmeinwieser, J.; Link, J.; Reiser, M.; Feuerback, S.

    2000-01-01

    AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a large-area, flat-panel X-ray detector (FD), based on caesium-iodide (CsI) and amorphous silicon (a-Si) with respect to skeletal radiography. Conventional images were compared with digital radiographs using identical and reduced radiation doses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients were studied prospectively using conventional screen-film radiography (SFR; detector dose 2.5 μGy). Digital images were taken from the same patients with detector doses of 2.5, 1.25 and 0.625 μGy, respectively. The active-matrix detector had a panel size of 43 x 43 cm, a matrix of 3 x 3K, and a pixel size of 143 μm. All hard copies were presented in a random order to eight independent observers, who rated image quality according to subjective quality criteria. Results were assessed for significance using the Student's t -test (confidence level 95%). RESULTS: A statistically significant preference for digital over conventional images was revealed for all quality criteria, except for over-exposure (detector dose 2.5 μGy). Digital images with a 50% dose showed a small, statistically not significant, inferiority compared with SFR. The FD-technique was significantly inferior to SFR at 75% dose reduction regarding bone cortex and trabecula, contrast and overall impression. No statistically significant differences were found with regard to over- and under-exposure and soft tissue presentation. CONCLUSION: Amorphous silicon-based digital radiography yields good image quality. The potential for dose reduction depends on the clinical query. Volk, M. (2000)

  14. Population Dynamic, the Spatial Distribution Pattern and Management of Ash Tree, Fraxinus rotundifolia psyllid Psyllopsis discrepans Flor (Hem., Psyllidae in Kermanshah Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    arezoo jamshidi

    2017-03-01

    observed under a dissecting microscope and the counts made. Adult populations were sampled by yellow sticky traps. The counts obtained for the various life stage intervals are recorded. The population dynamics and spatial distribution models was calculated, using Taylor’s law and Iowa's model. For the winter and spring chemical pest control Acetamiprid insecticide and the winter oil (volk oil were employed in a randomized complete block design with three treatments and four replications for the eggs control in 2014 in the green space. In the spring a combination of pesticides, acetamiprid and imidaclopriyd, was done in a randomized complete block design with six treatments and four replications were used for adults and nymphal stages control in 2015 at the faculty of agriculture, Razi University in Kermanshah green space. Results and Discussion: The results show that P. discrepans has two generations per year. The spring generation occurs in early April, the summer generation appears from late of June to beginning of October. The insect overwinters as eggs that hatch in early spring. The Taylor’s law showed cumulative spatial distribution in both years and the Iowa's model showed randomized spatial distribution in 2014, but showed cumulative spatial distribution in 2015. The Iowa's model based on coefficients of determination obtained (R=0.996 compared to the Taylor’s law (R=0.992 had a higher correlation with the data used to fit the data better than the Taylor rule. The pest control methods tested to reduce pest population levels, during winter and spering, including chemical control, physical control and combination of them. The chemical control results by volk oil and acetamiprid in compared with the control (water in winter showed that effect of volk oil spray was better than acetamiprid on mortality all of stages. The results for pest control in the spring showed that the combination of spray chemical, imidacloprid + yellow sticky card trap to control this pest

  15. The «Special» Relationship between Germany and China in the Context of Germany’s China Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoly V. Tsvyk

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Federal Republic of Germany and the People's Republic of China are both economic powers in Asia and Europe with a shared international responsibility in many international fields. Germany is China's number-one trade partner in the EU and China is the top foreign investment destination for German companies. This article highlights the relationship between Germany and China since the beginning of Gerhard Schroeder's «Wandel dutch Handel» policy in 1998. Germany's policy toward China was based on the idea that economic exchange and increase in trade between both countries would lead to political and societal change in China. In the author's point of view Germany's China policy shifted significantly to one which focused more heavily on human rights at the beginning of the first term under Chancellor Angela Merkel in 2005. The author argues that Germany's China policy at present time is motivated first of all by economic interests and the needs of its exporters. In recent years, there have been efforts to extend cooperation to other fields like security and world order. The author comes to the conclusion that both Germany and China increasingly consider a strategic partnership within mutual interest.

  16. Phaseout of nuclear energy in 2011. The 13th amendment to the Atomic Energy Law from the viewpoint of German constitutional law; Kernenergieausstieg 2011. Die 13. AtG-Novelle aus verfassungsrechtlicher Sicht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Fabio, Udo; Durner, Wolfgang; Wagner, Gerhard

    2013-07-01

    The present study analyses the framework provided by German constitutional law in regard to the nuclear energy phaseout in 2011, proceeding in three steps. The contribution by Udo di Fabio is dedicated to the question whether this decision, as well as the manner of its implementation, are in accord with the guarantee of ownership provided by Art. 14 of the German Basic Law (GG). Wolfgang Durner discusses implications of the principle of equality as set out in Art. 3 Section 1 GG in the field of nuclear law. The article by Gerhard Wagner departs from the premise that the restrictions on the use of nuclear power plants should not have been imposed without granting the operators due compensation. These findings are used a basis for determining the implications of fundamental rights for a compensation regime that is in accord with the German constitution. All three contributions originate from a legal expertise that was prepared by the three authors on behalf of the RWE stock company.

  17. No consensus for consensus's sake. Interview with DAtF-President Dr. Otto Majewski

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1999-01-01

    The German power industry is not prepared to make special sacrifices at the expense of its shareholders, staff and customers merely to cure the apparent internal problems of the German government coalition and help the Greens to regain lost votes. Unless the Federal Minister for the Environment rescinds his current cascade of conditions and requirements impeding the efforts on the part of operators to resume fuel transports, everything 'boils down to a court case'. That the French government, contrary to general expectations, had not given the green light this year for the construction of a first EPR plant was due primarily to internal political reasons, which had to be respected. It did not really matter whether that decision was taken in 2000 or 2001. The important thing was that the EPR was built at all, which was beyond any doubt. This is the gist of the statements by Dr. Otto Majewski, President of the German Atomic Forum and Chief Executive Officer of Bayernwerk AG, in the interview granted atw Editor-in-Chief Gerhard Kuebler and printed in this issue of 'Atomwirtschaft'. (orig.) [de

  18. Fractals and chaos

    CERN Document Server

    Earnshow, R; Jones, H

    1991-01-01

    This volume is based upon the presentations made at an international conference in London on the subject of 'Fractals and Chaos'. The objective of the conference was to bring together some of the leading practitioners and exponents in the overlapping fields of fractal geometry and chaos theory, with a view to exploring some of the relationships between the two domains. Based on this initial conference and subsequent exchanges between the editors and the authors, revised and updated papers were produced. These papers are contained in the present volume. We thank all those who contributed to this effort by way of planning and organisation, and also all those who helped in the production of this volume. In particular, we wish to express our appreciation to Gerhard Rossbach, Computer Science Editor, Craig Van Dyck, Production Director, and Nancy A. Rogers, who did the typesetting. A. J. Crilly R. A. Earnshaw H. Jones 1 March 1990 Introduction Fractals and Chaos The word 'fractal' was coined by Benoit Mandelbrot i...

  19. DESERTEC: energy for the planet

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2011-01-01

    The DESERTEC project, launched in 2007, aims to enable the countries of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East to cover a large part of their energy needs through the use of renewable energies by 2050. One of the instigators of this project is Gerhard Knies, former particle physicist at DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron). On several occasions he also took part in experiments at CERN, and on 3 February he returned to the Laboratory to present DESERTEC at a special colloquium.   By combining different sources of renewable energy, the DESERTEC project could supply the energy needs of the EU-MENA region countries. The red squares represent the total CSP surfaces needed to provide the present day electricity demands of the world, Europe and the MENA region. Source: DESERTEC Foundation, www.desertec.org The first stage of the project is to install solar power stations in the deserts of the North Africa and Middle East (MENA) region. Deserts are incomparable sources of clean energy and might hold ...

  20. Images of the Second World War in Austrian Literature after 1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Müller

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The author examines selected examples of post-1945 Austrian literature, asking what pictures of the Second World War they imparted and what role they played when, certainly from 1948 on, a certain image of history began to take shape in Austria against the background of the Cold War. This image involved a fade-out in particular of the racist nature of the war, and it had a collectively exonerating and distorting impact. Attention is paid to the stories and novels of former participants in the war and National Socialists, such as, for example, Erich Landgrebe, Erich Kern, Hans Gustl Kernmayr, Kurt Ziesel. A contrast is seen in the anti-war novel, Letzte Ausfahrt (Last Exit (1952 by the former soldier Herbert Zand, who turns against the dominant image of history, as well as in Ingeborg Bachmann's use of war memories as a topic. The texts are read as a reservoir of selective memory: on the one hand they are critical, individual counter-memories and on the other hand, they make a positive contribution to the formation of the aforesaid collective image. One may say that a war of perception was fought around the Second World War; it was undoubtedly won in the immediate post-war years by those literary works that legitimized or at least trivialized the war. The critical voices of Herbert Zand, Gerhard Fritsch, and Ingeborg Bachmann were unfortunately the quieter ones and were not particularly successful in their time.

  1. The art of scientific storytelling transform your research manuscript using a step-by-step formula

    CERN Document Server

    Luna, Rafael E

    2013-01-01

    We all want our research to have an impact and to be cited by others. There are thousands of research articles published in our respective fields. How do we get someone to read our publications? This book shows you how to put your Title and Abstract into a story, along with the rest of your manuscript. Your research will stand out in a sea of peer-review publications, since it will be forged into a Scientific Story. As a research fellow in the laboratory of Professor Gerhard Wagner at Harvard Medical School, Dr. Luna was collaborating with four other top-notch laboratories in an interdisciplinary research effort to understand the end of the scanning mechanism required for protein synthesis in cells. They were sitting on a mound of research data collected by the various laboratories with varying expertise. This super-collaboration consisted of Physicists, Biologists, Structural Biologists, Biochemists, Chemists, a Computer Scientist, and a Chemical Engineer. There was so much data; yet they struggled to fashio...

  2. Július Koller a umelecký archív

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Poliačková

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the topic of artist’s archive with an emphasis on Julius Koller’s archive. It concerns with the broader discursive frames of archives understanding and its specific framework within the art production. It reveals Koller’s archive practices as a whole with his conceptual work included, as well as they are put in the context of selfhistoricizing practices, that are typical for the former Eastern Bloc situation. It illustrates similar strategies in the work of the IRWIN group, Museum of American Art in Berlin, Lia Perjovschi, J. H. Kocman, KwieKulik, Artpool Art Research Center, Tamás St. Auby and Ilja Kabakov. Their artistic practice constists of selfdocumentation and self-administration that serves to draft some kind of the para-institution due to lack of independent platforms for presenting visual art not necessarily bound to official doctrine of social realism. This activity turns out to possess substantial power to become effective subversive tacticts within the existing system. In the last part, the anthropological matter of the archive as a mind-map is discussed in a new relation to memory, from the photomontage, through The Mnemosyne Atlas and an imaginary museum of Aby Warburg to the Gerhard Richter’s Atlas. It provides another possibility how to grasp the phenomenom of art archive in the framework of visuality of modernity.

  3. Beyond the Staff: “Alternative” Systems in the Graphical Representation of Organized Sound

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    Enrique Cámara de Landa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article, a reflection on the limits of the staff in the representation of organized sound is briefly presented, followed by the consideration of the proposals that some ethnomusicologists have developed to highlight particular aspects of music. Some antecedents are provided, such as the synoptic transcription (Constantin Brăiloiu and the paradigmatic transcription (Nicolas Ruwet. Other proposals will be discussed, like the graphical representation of musical structure (Bernard Lortat-Jacob, Hugo Zemp or the use of spectrograms (Charles Seeger, Mireille Hellfer, Lortat-Jacob, Grazia Tuzi, graphic devices (Charles Adams, musemes (Philip Tagg, sonograms (Enrique Cámara, frame by frame musical transcription (Gerhard Kubik, and local systems of notation. According to these proposals, the graphical representation of music beyond the staff maintains its efficiency in current ethnomusicology (with different objectives and even different targets. Moreover, I will argue that it is necessary to take into consideration the place occupied by the use of these tools in the tensions and interactions between etic and emic perspectives, and the need to reconcile the internal consistency required for any system of visual representation of sound, with the need to make permanently flexible proposals based on intercultural dialogue.

  4. The prominent absence of Alfred Russel Wallace at the Darwin anniversaries in Germany in 1909, 1959 and 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Olsson, Lennart

    2013-12-01

    It is well known that the contribution of Alfred Russell Wallace (1823-1913) to the development of the "Darwinian" principle of natural selection has often been neglected. Here we focus on how the three anniversaries to celebrate the origin of the Darwin-Wallace theory in Germany in 1909, in 1959 in the divided country, as well as in 2009, have represented Charles Robert Darwin's and Alfred Russell Wallace's contributions. We have analyzed books and proceedings volumes related to these anniversaries, and the main result is that Wallace was almost always ignored, or only mentioned in passing. In 1909, Ernst Haeckel gave a talk in Jena, later published under the title The worldview of Darwin and Lamarck (Das Weltbild von Darwin und Lamarck), but not as the Darwin-Wallace concept. Haeckel mentions Wallace only once. In two important proceedings volumes from the 1959 anniversaries, Wallace was ignored. The only fair treatment of Wallace is given in another book, a collection of documents edited by Gerhard Heberer, for which the author selected nine key documents and reprinted excerpts (1959). Three of them were articles by Wallace, including the Sarawak- and Ternate-papers of 1855 and 1858, respectively. An analysis of the dominant themes during the celebrations of 2009 shows that none of the six topics had much to do with Wallace and his work. Thus, the tendency to exclude Alfred Russell Wallace is an international phenomenon, and largely attributable to the "Darwin industry".

  5. Contributions to The Morphology of Polyommatus (Agrodiaetus Alibalii Carbonell, 2015 (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae Living Kahramanmaraş, Region, Turkey

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    Erol Atay

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Polyommatus (Agrodiaetus alibalii is a new butterfly species which was described by Frederic Carbonell in 2015. In the Carbonell’s article, since the descriptive information about the species is limited, a further redescription study has been aimed for more detailed identification the species. This study was conducted in two stages with the field works in Kırksu Highland in Geben village of Andırın district of Kahramanmaraş province in Turkey in July and August in 2016 and 2017, and then laboratory works in the Zoology Laboratory at Mustafa Kemal University in Hatay, Turkey. In the field, behaviors of the adults have been observed and recorded in their habitats, and eight male and five female specimens of the species were collected for laboratory works. In this paper, the external morphology and genital structure of the male and female of the species were described in detail. In addition to P. alibalii, the male genital preparations of the species of P. theresiae (Schurian et al., 1992, P. iphigenia (Herrich-Schaffer, 1847, P. wagneri (Forster, 1956 and P. eurypilos (Gerhard, 1851 were prepared.

  6. Advances in proof theory

    CERN Document Server

    Strahm, Thomas; Studer, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this volume is to collect original contributions by the best specialists from the area of proof theory, constructivity, and computation and discuss recent trends and results in these areas. Some emphasis will be put on ordinal analysis, reductive proof theory, explicit mathematics and type-theoretic formalisms, and abstract computations. The volume is dedicated to the 60th birthday of Professor Gerhard Jäger, who has been instrumental in shaping and promoting logic in Switzerland for the last 25 years. It comprises contributions from the symposium “Advances in Proof Theory”, which was held in Bern in December 2013. Proof theory came into being in the twenties of the last century, when it was inaugurated by David Hilbert in order to secure the foundations of mathematics. It was substantially influenced by Gödel's famous incompleteness theorems of 1930 and Gentzen's new consistency proof for the axiom system of first order number theory in 1936. Today, proof theory is a well-established branch ...

  7. Freedom in mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Cartier, Pierre; Heinzmann, Gerhard; Villani, Cédric

    2016-01-01

    This book challenges the views put forward by Pierre Cartier, one of the anchors of the famous Bourbaki group, and Cédric Villani, one of the most brilliant mathematicians of his generation, who received the Fields Medal in 2010. Jean Dhombres, mathematician and science historian, and Gerhard Heinzmann, philosopher of science and also a specialist in mathematics engage in a fruitful dialogue with the two mathematicians, prompting readers to reflect on mathematical activity and its social consequences in history as well as in the modern world. Cédric Villani’s popular success proves once again that a common awareness has developed, albeit in a very confused way, of the major role of mathematics in the construction and efficiency of natural sciences, which are at the origin of our technologies. Despite this, the idea that mathematics cannot be shared remains firmly entrenched, a perceived failing that has even been branded a lack of culture by vocal forces in the media as well as cultural and political esta...

  8. The Wondrous Universe Creation without Creator?

    CERN Document Server

    Börner, Gerhard

    2011-01-01

    The world as it is viewed from modern physics and cosmology has many strange and unexpected features. Often these are in stark contrast with our everyday experience or our preconceptions, such as the concept of space and time as finite and changeable. Nevertheless it is this strange world which is the fundamental basis of our existence. Therefore modern science also has a few things to say about the age-old questions: Who are we? – Where do we come from? – Where are we going? The author, an experienced scientist and teacher, presents the knowledge that we have about our world for non-experts. He takes us on a journey through cosmology and the quantum world of elementary particles. And he sketches the impact of the insights gained into philosophical assumptions and religious beliefs in these disciplines. In the end he asks the speculative question whether there is something beyond the limits of the natural sciences. Gerhard Börner is a Professor of Physics at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich a...

  9. Teilchen, Felder, Quanten von der Quantenmechanik zum Standardmodell der Teilchenphysik

    CERN Document Server

    Ecker, Gerhard

    2017-01-01

    Dieses Buch bietet Ihnen eine Einführung in den aktuellen Stand unseres Wissens über die Struktur der Materie. Gerhard Ecker beschreibt verständlich die Entwicklung der modernen Physik vom Beginn des Quantenzeital­ters bis zum Standardmodell der Teilchenphysik, der umfassenden Theorie der fundamentalen Wechselwir­kungen des Mikrokosmos. Dabei wird der Schwerpunkt auf die wichtigsten Entdeckungen und Entwicklungen, beispielsweise der Quantenfeldtheorie, der Eichtheorien und die Zukunft der Teilchenphysik, gelegt. Besonders hebt der Autor auch das Wechselspiel zwischen Theorie und Experiment hervor, die uns helfen, die tiefsten Rätsel der Natur zu ergründen. Teilchen, Felder, Quanten ist für alle geschrieben, die Freude an der Physik haben. Es bietet Abitu­rienten und Studierenden der Physik in den ersten Semestern einen Ansporn, die Physik tiefer zu verstehen. Lehrer und andere an der Phy­sik Interessierte werden darin nützliche Einblicke in die Welt der Teilchenphysik finden. Für Studierende in ...

  10. Die filosofie kan die teologie help om weg te beweeg van �n onhistoriese, sinkroniese interpretasie van tekste na �n historiese, diakroniese interpretasie van tekste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter H.J. Labuschagne

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In the last few decades in South Africa, much emphasis has been placed on unhistorical, synchronistic interpretations of the text of the Old Testament. Very little effort has been made to look into the long historical development of the text from the sources to the present form. Sometimes the advocates of these synchronistic approaches even responded with hostility towards any approach that would, in their words, deny the authority of the text. Their search was for absolute truth, which they believed could be secured by their methods. The uncertainties of historical research were not attractive to them. In this article, we briefly look at Gerhard Von Rad�s Traditionsgeschichte [History of Traditions] and Hans-Georg Gadamer�s Wirkungsgeschichte [Reception History] and point out that mankind is rooted in history. We thus come to understanding through a process that is tied to our historical horisons. Furthermore, it will become clear that theology and philosophy can help one another in defining the process of understanding.

  11. ‘The “Meidias” hydria: a visual and textual journey of a Greek vase in the history of art of antiquity (c. 1770s–1840s’

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    Emmanouil Kalkanis

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines scholarly publications between the 1770s and 1840s of one of the most published Athenian red-figured vases, a hydria first known in the collection of Sir William Hamilton and since 1772 in the British Museum. It reviews critically several visual and textual interpretations of the vase by a range of scholars of various European nationalities. It offers a new interpretation of a well-known object and reveals the extent to which its iconography influenced the development of art-historical writing and vice versa. While d’Hancarville was a pioneer in his own peculiar way, others were all more or less influenced by him though having their own agendas, not really related to any intrinsic interest in the vase, or any vase, as an object. What the article establishes is that although every writer was the product of his time and culture, only one of them (Eduard Gerhard really advanced the study of the vase or Greek ceramics being more thorough and imaginative in analyzing the subject matter.

  12. International conference centre, Geneva, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2009-01-01

    On 16-17 March 2009 the Energy Pact Foundation will be holding the Energy Pact Conference in Geneva. The Conference is organised with the support of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and has the Financial Times as its media partner. It will address for the first time in a comprehensive and integrated manner the key issues of energy needs and environmental and developmental challenges. Some 800 stakeholders and experts on these issues are expected. These will include high-level government officials, opinion leaders and representatives from the United Nations, NGOs, industry, civil society and the academic world. Gerhard Schröder, former Chancellor of Germany, will chair the Conference. Speakers with different backgrounds and expertise will include Dr. Carlo Rubia, Nobel Prize Winner, Ali Al-Naimi, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources of Saudi Arabia, Gholam Hossein Nozari, Oil Minister of Iran, Gary Ross, CEO of PIRA Energy, a world-renowned energy market specialist, Ashok Khosla, President of the In...

  13. Peatlands as Filters for Polluted Mine Water?—A Case Study from an Uranium-Contaminated Karst System in South Africa—Part II: Examples from Literature and a Conceptual Filter Model

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    Frank Winde

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available As the second part of a series of four, this paper reviews a number of case studies of natural uranium attenuation in peat, as well as underlying chemical mechanisms reported in literature. Based on this review, a generic, conceptual, model for peat to act as filter for dissolved uranium (U is developed for guiding subsequent field investigations. The model consists of a chemical and an hydraulic component which is derived largely from data reported in literature as well as from limited field observations. For the chemical model component 10 different processes, each controlled by factors relating to water chemistry, have been identified to govern the attenuation of U in peat via a net balance of immobilization and remobilization. For the hydraulic aspect of the filter model, five different principal modes of U polluted water coming in contact with peat are discussed, focusing on the associated peat-water contact time as a crucial parameter controlling chemical U attenuation. Moreover, links between the two model components are discussed and, based on the integrated conceptual model, possible effects of natural and anthropogenic events on U attenuation in peatlands are outlined. Guided by the model, various site-specific field and laboratory investigations are finally designed to verify how far the identified generic factors and processes are indeed applicable to the Gerhard Minnebron Peatland.

  14. Rationalizing 'folk medicine' in interwar Germany: faith, business, and science at "Dr. Madaus & Co.'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmermann, C

    2001-12-01

    The relationship between orthodox or mainstream medicine and heterodox or alternative practices has often been expressed in terms of dichotomies, such as science versus anti-science or rationality versus irrationality. By studying the history of a company producing herbal medicines and homoepathic remedies in Germany in the 1920s and 1930s, this paper attempts to create a more differentiated picture. 'Dr. Madaus & Co.' was founded in 1919 by the three sons of a free church minister and his wife, who practised as a non-licensed healer herself. The company not only sold medicines, it also produced journals and books promoting heterodox healing methods and contributing to ongoing health political debates, for example over compulsory vaccination programmes, human experimentation, quackery, and a general 'crisis of medicine'. Gerhard Madaus, a medical doctor and one of the three founders, published in 1938 a three-volume Textbook of Biological Healing Methods, turning folk medicine into science. The essay follows the rise of the Madaus family firm and interprets the story of 'Dr. Madaus & Co.' as an example of social rationalization, emphasizing the role of commercial operations in twentieth-century alternative medicine in Germany.

  15. Scanning electron microscopy physics of image formation and microanalysis

    CERN Document Server

    Reimer, Ludwig

    1985-01-01

    The aim of this book is to outline the physics of image formation, electron­ specimen interactions, imaging modes, the interpretation of micrographs and the use of quantitative modes "in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). lt forms a counterpart to Transmission Electron Microscopy (Vol. 36 of this Springer Series in Optical Sciences) . The book evolved from lectures delivered at the University of Münster and from a German text entitled Raster-Elektronenmikroskopie (Springer-Verlag), published in collaboration with my colleague Gerhard Pfefferkorn. In the introductory chapter, the principles of the SEM and of electron­ specimen interactions are described, the most important imaging modes and their associated contrast are summarized, and general aspects of eiemental analysis by x-ray and Auger electron emission are discussed. The electron gun and electron optics are discussed in Chap. 2 in order to show how an electron probe of small diameter can be formed, how the elec­ tron beam can be blanked at high fre...

  16. Synthesis and characterization of cycloaliphatic hydrophilic polyurethanes, modified with L-ascorbic acid, as materials for soft tissue regeneration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kucinska-Lipka, J.; Gubanska, I.; Strankowski, M.; Cieśliński, H.; Filipowicz, N.; Janik, H.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we described synthesis and characteristic of obtained hydrophilic polyurethanes (PURs) modified with ascorbic acid (commonly known as vitamin C). Such materials may find an application in the biomedical field, for example in the regenerative medicine of soft tissues, according to ascorbic acid wide influence on tissue regeneration Flora (2009), Szymańska-Pasternak et al. (2011), Taikarimi and Ibrahim (2011), Myrvik and Volk (1954), Li et al. (2001), Cursino et al. (2005) . Hydrophilic PURs were obtained with the use of amorphous α,ω-dihydroxy(ethylene-butylene adipate) (dHEBA) polyol, 1,4-butanediol (BDO) chain extender and aliphatic 4,4′-methylenebis(cyclohexyl isocyanate) (HMDI). HMDI was chosen as a nontoxic diisocyanate, suitable for biomedical PUR synthesis. Modification with L-ascorbic acid (AA) was performed to improve obtained PUR materials biocompatibility. Chemical structure of obtained PURs was provided and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1 HNMR). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to indicate the influence of ascorbic acid modification on such parameters as glass transition temperature, melting temperature and melting enthalpies of obtained materials. To determine how these materials may potentially behave, after implementation in tissue, degradation behavior of obtained PURs in various chemical environments, which were represented by canola oil, saline solution, distilled water and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) was estimated. The influence of AA on hydrophilic-hydrophobic character of obtained PURs was established by contact angle study. This experiment revealed that ascorbic acid significantly improves hydrophilicity of obtained PUR materials and the same cause that they are more suitable candidates for biomedical applications. Good hemocompatibility characteristic of studied PUR materials was confirmed by the hemocompatibility test with

  17. Cultural Aspects in the Shona Monolingual Dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona*

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    Nomalanga Mpofu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: In the compilation of dictionaries, lexicographers also take cognisance of the culture which is inherent in a language. This article will look at the way the cultural aspect is interwoven in the practice of dictionary making. Language is at the core of culture and it is the major vehicle for the transmission of a people's beliefs and values. Language is also an expression of social struc-tures and attitudes. No culture can exist which does not have a natural language at its centre. A language thus reflects a particular culture. Culture in this article will be taken to mean whatever a person must know in order to function in a particular society (Wardhaugh 1998: 215. The article will look at two aspects: (1 the interrelationship between language and culture and its bearing on lexicography; and (2 the treatment of cultural aspects in Duramazwi Guru reChiShona (2001. Examples used in this article are drawn from the advanced Shona monolingual dictionary Duramazwi Guru reChiShona, and other Shona dictionaries, both monolingual and bilingual.

    Keywords: CULTURAL COMPETENCE, CULTURAL ASPECTS, CULTURAL MEANING, CULTURE, DICTIONARY, EUPHEMISM, EXTENDED MEANING, IDIOM, LEXICOGRAPHY, PROVERBS, SHONA, SHONA SOCIETY, TABOO

    Opsomming: Kulturele aspekte in die Sjona- eentalige woordeboek. By die samestelling van woordeboeke neem leksikograwe ook kennis van die kultuur wat inherent aan 'n taal is. Hierdie artikel sal kyk na die manier waarop die kulturele aspek verweef is met die praktyk van woordeboekmaak. Taal lê aan die kern van kultuur en dit is die hoofmedium vir die oordrag van 'n volk se opvattings en waardes. Taal is ook 'n uitdrukking van sosiale strukture en houdings. Geen kultuur kan bestaan wat nie 'n natuurlike taal as middelpunt het nie. 'n Taal weerspieël gevolglik 'n bepaalde kultuur. Kultuur in hierdie artikel sal verstaan word om alles te beteken wat 'n persoon moet weet om in 'n betrokke maatskappy te funksioneer

  18. Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele as Reflector of the Moral and Ideological Values of Society

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    Nobuhle Moyo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele (henceforth the ISN reflect the moral and ideological values of society. This article analyses the ISN as reflector of the moral and ideological values of the Ndebele society. The ISN highlights fundamental beliefs and ideas of the Ndebele people. The study stems from the observation that the culture of a people will always reflect in a dictionary as culture and language are inextricably intertwined. The aim of this article is to discuss the ways in which the ISN reflects the moral and ideological values of society. The article examines how the society in which the dictionary was created influenced the choice of lemmas and the phrasing of definitions. The focus is on sexist definitions, terms referring to ethnic groups and the treatment of taboo words and religious terms. These terms denote cultural attitudes harboured by the Ndebele society. The article discusses how the treatment of these terms reflects on the values prevalent in the culture of the Ndebele community.

    Keywords: MONOLINGUAL DICTIONARY, DEFINITIONS, LANGUAGE, CULTURE, TABOO WORDS, IDEOLOGICAL VALUES, SEXIST ATTITUDES

    Opsomming: Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele as reflekteerder van die morele en ideologiese waardes van die gemeenskap. Isichazamazwi SesiNdebele (voortaan die ISN weerspieël die morele en ideologiese waardes van die gemeenskap. Hierdie artikel ontleed die ISN as reflekteerder van die morele en ideologiese waardes van die Ndebelegemeenskap. Die ISN belig fundamentele beskouings en opvattings van die Ndebelevolk. Die studie spruit voort uit die waarneming dat die kultuur van 'n volk altyd in 'n woordeboek weerspieël sal word omdat kul-tuur en taal onlosmaaklik vervleg is. Die doel van die artikel is om die maniere te bespreek waarop die ISN die morele en ideologiese waardes van die gemeenskap reflekteer. Die artikel ondersoek hoe die gemeenskap waarin die woordeboek tot stand gekom het die keuse van lemmas en die bewoording

  19. Synthesis and characterization of cycloaliphatic hydrophilic polyurethanes, modified with L-ascorbic acid, as materials for soft tissue regeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kucinska-Lipka, J., E-mail: juskucin@pg.gda.pl [Gdank University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Polymer Technology, Narutowicza St. 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk (Poland); Gubanska, I.; Strankowski, M. [Gdank University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Polymer Technology, Narutowicza St. 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk (Poland); Cieśliński, H.; Filipowicz, N. [Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Microbiology, Narutowicza St. 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk (Poland); Janik, H. [Gdank University of Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Polymer Technology, Narutowicza St. 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk (Poland)

    2017-06-01

    In this paper we described synthesis and characteristic of obtained hydrophilic polyurethanes (PURs) modified with ascorbic acid (commonly known as vitamin C). Such materials may find an application in the biomedical field, for example in the regenerative medicine of soft tissues, according to ascorbic acid wide influence on tissue regeneration Flora (2009), Szymańska-Pasternak et al. (2011), Taikarimi and Ibrahim (2011), Myrvik and Volk (1954), Li et al. (2001), Cursino et al. (2005) . Hydrophilic PURs were obtained with the use of amorphous α,ω-dihydroxy(ethylene-butylene adipate) (dHEBA) polyol, 1,4-butanediol (BDO) chain extender and aliphatic 4,4′-methylenebis(cyclohexyl isocyanate) (HMDI). HMDI was chosen as a nontoxic diisocyanate, suitable for biomedical PUR synthesis. Modification with L-ascorbic acid (AA) was performed to improve obtained PUR materials biocompatibility. Chemical structure of obtained PURs was provided and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ({sup 1}HNMR). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to indicate the influence of ascorbic acid modification on such parameters as glass transition temperature, melting temperature and melting enthalpies of obtained materials. To determine how these materials may potentially behave, after implementation in tissue, degradation behavior of obtained PURs in various chemical environments, which were represented by canola oil, saline solution, distilled water and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) was estimated. The influence of AA on hydrophilic-hydrophobic character of obtained PURs was established by contact angle study. This experiment revealed that ascorbic acid significantly improves hydrophilicity of obtained PUR materials and the same cause that they are more suitable candidates for biomedical applications. Good hemocompatibility characteristic of studied PUR materials was confirmed by the hemocompatibility test

  20. Die koninkryk van God as ’n kontekstueel-paradigmatiese sleutel vir Skrifberoep in die etiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Wet Saaiman

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In die lig van die Christelike etiek is ’n beroep op die Skrif ’n sine qua non waar standpunte oor etiese vraagstukke ingeneem word. Deur ’n beroep op die Skrif te doen, is die probleem ongelukkig nie sonder meer opgelos nie. Hierdie artikel toon aan dat die begrip koninkryk van God as tema as ’n hermeneutiese vertrekpunt kan dien in die soeke na antwoorde op etiese vraagstukke. Daar word aangedui dat die koninkryk van God ’n noodsaaklike tema is omdat sekere wetsbepalings en kontekstueel bepaalde beginsels en norme in die voortsetting van die gedagte van die koninkryk van God in die Ou en Nuwe Testament ingebed is. Daar is egter ook sekere voorskrifte binne die teokratiese bestel wat vir die volk Israel in hulle spesifieke konteks gegee is wat nie noodwendig direk in die hedendaagse samelewingskonteks kan en mag toegepas word nie. Die boodskap van die Skrif moet dus op ’n verantwoordelike en geldige wyse gekonstateer word en effektief aan die moderne samelewing oorgedra word. The kingdom of God as a contextual paradigmatic key for using Scripture in ethics. The use of Scripture is, in light of Christian ethics, a sine qua non when positions with regard to ethical problems are assumed. A simple interpretation of Scripture does not necessarily settle the problem. This article shows that the concept kingdom of God as a theme can serve as a hermeneutical point of departure in the search for answers to ethical questions. It is shown that the kingdom of God is a necessary theme due to the fact that certain legal stipulations and contextual based principles and norms are embedded in the idea of the kingdom of God in the Old and New Testament. There are also certain prescriptions within the theocratic system of Israel in its specific context that may not and cannot be directly applied to the modern day societal context. The message of the Bible must thus be established in a responsible and valid way, and communicated effectively to modern

  1. Revelation 1:7 − A roadmap of God’s τέλοςfor his creation

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    Kobus de Smidt

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Revelation 1:7 points to an anticipated final appearance of Jesus at the consummation. This κηρύσσω developed from the late Jewish apocalyptic eschatology. This apocalyptic end time dawned with Jesus. The present time is thus simultaneously the end time, though the consummation is still in the future. As Jesus appeared on earth with his resurrection, so will he appear at the consummation − his resurrection appearance is a simile of his appearance at the consummation. He will appear in a corporeal form. The writer encourages the second-generation marginalised Christians. The Roman emperor is not the victor − Jesus is the axis mundi of God’s final purpose for his creation. The final appearance of Jesus will bring redemption for the believers and mourning for the unbelievers. The κηρύσσω of Revelation 1:7 is diametrically the opposite of the chiliasts. The country of Israel and her present inhabitants have no eschatological role to fulfil at the consummation. Openbaring 1:7 dui op ’n geantisipeerde finale verskyning van Jesus met die voleinding. Hierdie κηρύσσω het uit die Joodse laat-apokaliptiese eskatologie ontwikkel. Die apokaliptiese eindtyd het met Jesus se opstanding plaasgevind en die Nuwe-Testamentiese hede is dus alreeds die eindtyd. Die voleinding is egter nog in die toekoms. Jesus se verskyning met sy opstanding is ’n metafoor vir sy koms by die voleinding. Hy sal liggaamlik verskyn. Die skrywer bemoedig die gemarginaliseerde tweede generasie Christene. Die Romeinse keiser is nie die oorwinnaar nie − Jesus is die axis mundi van God se finale plan vir sy skepping. Die finale verskyning van Jesus sal vir die gelowiges ewige verlossing bewerk, maar die ongelowiges sal in rou gedompel word. Die κηρύσσω van Openbaring 1:7 is die teenoorgestelde van die standpunt van die chiliasme. Die land en huidige volk van Israel vervul geen eskatologiese rol by die voleinding nie.

  2. Structure and composition of oligohaline marsh plant communities exposed to salinity pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, R.J.; Mendelssohn, I.A.

    2000-01-01

    The response of two oligohaline marsh macrophyte communities to pulses of increased salinity was studied over a single growing season in a greenhouse experiment. The plant communities were allowed a recovery period in freshwater following the pulse events. The experimental treatments included: (1) salinity influx rate (rate of salinity increase from 0 to 12 gl-1); (2) duration of exposure to elevated salinity; and (3) water depth. The communities both included Sagittaria lancifolia L.; the codominant species were Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roemer and J.A. Schultes in community 1 and Schoenoplectus americanus (Pers.) Volk. ex Schinz and R. Keller in community 2. Effects of the treatments on sediment chemical characteristics (salinity, pH, redox potential, and sulfide and ammonium concentrations) and plant community attributes (aboveground and belowground biomass, stem density, leaf tissue nutrients, and species richness) were examined. The treatment effects often interacted to influence sediment and plant communities characteristics following recovery in fresh water. Salinity influx rate per se, however, had little effect on the abiotic or biotic response variables; significant influx effects were found when the 0 gl-1 (zero influx) treatment was compared to the 12 gl-1 treatments, regardless of the rate salinity was raised. A salinity level of 12 gl-1 had negative effects on plant community structure and composition; these effects were usually associated with 3 months of salinity exposure. Water depth often interacted with exposure duration, but increased water depth did independently decrease the values of some community response measures. Community 1 was affected more than community 2 in the most extreme salinity treatment (3 months exposure/15-cm water depth). Although species richness in both communities was reduced, structural changes were more dramatic in community 1. Biomass and stem density were reduced in community 1 overall and in both dominant species

  3. The nature of the Galactic Center source IRS 13 revealed by high spatial resolution in the infrared

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maillard, J. P.; Paumard, T.; Stolovy, S. R.; Rigaut, F.

    2004-08-01

    High spatial resolution observations in the 1 to 3.5 μm/ region of the Galactic Center source known historically as IRS 13 are presented. They include ground-based adaptive optics images in the H, Kp (2.12/0.4 μm) and L bands, HST-NICMOS data in filters between 1.1 and 2.2 μm, and integral field spectroscopic data from BEAR, an Imaging FTS, in the He I 2.06 μm/ and the Brγ line regions. Analysis of all these data provides a completely new picture of the main component, IRS 13E, which appears as a cluster of seven individual stars within a projected diameter of ˜0.5 arcsec (0.02 pc). The brightest sources, 13E1, 13E2, 13E3 which is detected as a binary, and 13E4, are all massive stars of different type. The star 13E1 is a luminous, blue object, with no detected emission line. 13E2 and 13E4 are two hot, high-mass emission line stars, 13E2 being at the WR stage and 13E4 a massive O-type star. In contrast, 13E3A and B are extremely red objects, proposed as other examples of dusty WR stars, like IRS 21 (Tanner et al. \\cite{tanner}). All these sources have a common westward proper motion (Ott et al. \\cite{ott2}) indicating they are bounded. Two other sources, detected after deconvolution of the AO images in the H and Kp bands, are also identified. One, that we call 13E5, is a red source similar to 13E3A and B, while the other one, 13E6, is probably a main sequence O star in front of the cluster. Considering this exceptional concentration of comoving massive hot stars, IRS 13E is proposed as the remaining core of a massive star cluster, which could harbor an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH) (Portegies Zwart & McMillan \\cite{zwart2)} of ˜1300 M⊙. This detection plays in favor of a scenario, first suggested by Gerhard (\\cite{gerhard}), in which the helium stars and the other hot stars in the central parsec originate from the stripping of a massive cluster formed several tens of pc from the center. This cluster would have spiraled towards SgrA*, and IRS 13E

  4. Epioptics-8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cricenti, Antonio

    2006-03-01

    Preface -- Ab-initio theories for the calculation of excited states properties / O. Pulci ... [et al.] -- Theory of surface second harmonic generation / W. Luis Mochán, Jesś A. Maytorena -- Exitation of multiple plasmon in optical second-harmonic generation / K. Pedersen, T. G. Pedersen, P. Morgen -- Non-linear optical probes of biological surfaces / Mischa Bonn, Volker Knecht, Michiel Müller -- Ab initio study of the Ge(111): Sn surface / Paola Gori, Olivia Pulci, Antonio Cricenti -- Lifetime of excited states / B. Hellsing -- Soliton dynamics in non-commensurate surface structure / Alexander S. Kovalev, Igor V. Gerasimchuk -- Raman scattering as an epioptic probe for low dimensional structures / E. Speiser, K. Fleischer, W. Richter -- Calculation of reflectance anisotropy for semiconductor surface exploration / W. G. Schmidt -- Molecular assembly at metal surfaces studied by reflection anisotropy spectroscopy / David S. Martin -- Study of solid/liquid interfaces by optical techniques / Y. Borensztein -- Surface preparation of Cu(110) for ambient environments / G. E. Isted, N. P. Blanchard, D. S. Martin -- Micro-radiographs stored in lithium fluoride films show strong optical contrast with no topographical contribution / A. Ustione ... [et al.] -- Metal nanofilms studied with infrared spectroscopy / Gerhard Fahsold, Andreas Priebe, Annemarie Pucci -- An AFM investigation of oligonucleotides anchored on an unoxidized crystalline silicon surface / G. Longo ... [et al.] -- A new approach to characterize polymeric nanofilters contamination using scanning near-field optical microscopy / C. Oliva ... [et al.] -- Magnetization reversal processes in Fe/NiO/Fe(001) trilayers studied by means of magneto-optical Kerr effect / P. Biagioni -- Laser-induced band bending variation for ZnTe (110)1x1 surface / S. D. Thorpe ... [et al.] -- Optical properties of materials in an undergraduate physics curriculum / Julio R. Blanco.

  5. Research for the era of renewable energies: Themes 2010; Forschen fuer das Zeitalter der erneuerbaren Energien. Themen 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stadermann, Gerd; Szczepanski, Petra [comps.

    2010-12-15

    Within the jubilee meeting of the Renewable Energy Research association (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) from 11th to 12th October, 2010, in Berlin (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) From the foundation idea to the research association solar power (Gerd Eisenbeiss); (2) Successes affiliated - Joint research and work on the energy supply of the future (Joachim Luther); (3) Research for the era of renewable energies (Wolfgang Eberhardt); (4) Energy research package of the Federal Government: Benchmarks for the 6th Energy Research Program (Knut Kuebler); (5) Research promotion of the Federal Environment Ministry for renewable energies (Kerstin Deller); (6) Vision of a sustainable energy system 2050 (Juergen Schmid); (7) Open Invention for the demands of a new electricity age (Michael Weinhold); (8) Safeguarding the future by means of innovations in the photovoltaic industry (Ralf Luedemann); (9) Silicon wafer solar cells - New horizons (Rolf Brendel); (10) Thin film solar cells - Technology of the future? (Michael Powalla); (11) Photovoltaics - New concepts (Vladimir Dyakonov); (12) Geothermal power generation - base load electricity for the renewable energy mix 2050 (Ernst Huenges); (13) Wind energy - Challenges for the development of technology (Andreas Reuter); (14) Solar thermal power plants - Integration of electricity and fuels in a European integrated grid (Robert Pitz-Paal); (15) Efficient utilization of biomass - Residual substances, competitive uses and cascade utilization (Frank Baur); (16) Sustainable energy supply of buildings for solar and energy efficient construction (Gerd Hauser); (17) The potential of technology development for the utilization of solar power (Gerhard Stryi-Hipp); (18) Energy storage and grid management (Adreas Hauer); (19) Systems and technologies for the transition to an energy efficient town (Christina Sager); (19) Economic consequences of a 100 % supply with renewable energy as a technology

  6. Prolonged closed cardiac massage using LUCAS device in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with prolonged transport time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edouard Matevossian

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Edouard Matevossian1, Dietrich Doll4, Jakob Säckl1, Inga Sinicina5, Jürgen Schneider2, Gerhard Simon3, Norbert Hüser11Department of Surgery, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive-Care Medicine; 3Department of Radiology, Technische Universität of Munich, Germany; 4Department of Visceral, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, Philips University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany; 5Institute of Clinical Forensic Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, GermanyAbstract: Saving more human lives through more effective reanimation measures is the goal of the new international guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation as the decisive aspect for survival after cardiovascular arrest is that basic resuscitation should start immediately. According to the updated guidelines, the greatest efficacy in cardiac massage is only achieved when the right compression point, an adequate compression depth, vertical pressure, the correct frequency, and equally long phases of compression and decompression are achieved. The very highest priority is placed on restoring continuous circulation. Against this background, standardized continuous chest compression with active decompression has contributed to a favorable outcome in this case. The hydraulically operated and variably adjustable automatic Lund University Cardiac Arrest System (LUCAS device (Jolife, Lund, Sweden undoubtedly meets these requirements. This case report describes a 44-year-old patient who – approximately 15 min after the onset of clinical death due to apparent ventricular fibrillation – received cardiopulmonary resuscitation, initially by laypersons and then by the emergency medical team (manual chest compressions followed by situation-adjusted LUCAS compressions. Sinus rhythm was restored after more than 90 min of continuous resuscitation, with seven defibrillations. Interventional diagnostic workup did not reveal a causal morphological correlate for the condition on coronary

  7. Thermosensitive liposomal drug delivery systems: state of the art review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kneidl B

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Barbara Kneidl,1,2 Michael Peller,3 Gerhard Winter,2 Lars H Lindner,1 Martin Hossann11Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Munich, 2Department of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics, 3Institute for Clinical Radiology, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, GermanyAbstract: Thermosensitive liposomes are a promising tool for external targeting of drugs to solid tumors when used in combination with local hyperthermia or high intensity focused ultrasound. In vivo results have demonstrated strong evidence that external targeting is superior over passive targeting achieved by highly stable long-circulating drug formulations like PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin. Up to March 2014, the Web of Science listed 371 original papers in this field, with 45 in 2013 alone. Several formulations have been developed since 1978, with lysolipid-containing, low temperature-sensitive liposomes currently under clinical investigation. This review summarizes the historical development and effects of particular phospholipids and surfactants on the biophysical properties and in vivo efficacy of thermosensitive liposome formulations. Further, treatment strategies for solid tumors are discussed. Here we focus on temperature-triggered intravascular and interstitial drug release. Drug delivery guided by magnetic resonance imaging further adds the possibility of performing online monitoring of a heating focus to calculate locally released drug concentrations and to externally control drug release by steering the heating volume and power. The combination of external targeting with thermosensitive liposomes and magnetic resonance-guided drug delivery will be the unique characteristic of this nanotechnology approach in medicine.Keywords: thermosensitive liposomes, phosphatidyloligoglycerol, hyperthermia, high intensity focused ultrasound, drug delivery, drug targeting

  8. Cryptogenic transient ischemic attack after nose blowing: association of huge atrial septal aneurysm with patent foramen ovale as potential cause

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lotze U

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ulrich Lotze,1 Uwe Kirsch,1 Marc-Alexander Ohlow,2 Thorsten Scholle,3 Jochen Leonhardi,3 Bernward Lauer,2 Gerhard Oltmanns,4 Hendrik Schmidt5,6 1Department of Internal Medicine, DRK Krankenhaus Sondershausen, Sondershausen, Germany; 2Department of Cardiology, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Bad Berka, Germany; 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Germany; 4Department of Internal Medicine, DRK Krankenhaus Sömmerda; Sömmerda, Germany; 5Department of Cardiology and Diabetology, Klinikum Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany; 6Department of Internal Medicine III, Martin-Luther-Univeristy Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany Abstract: Association of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA with patent foramen ovale (PFO is considered an important risk factor for cardioembolism frequently forwarding paradoxical embolism in patients with cryptogenic or unexplained cerebral ischemic events. We herein describe the case of a 69-year-old male patient reporting uncontrolled movements of the right arm due to a muscle weakness, slurred speech, and paresthesia in the oral region some seconds after he had blown his nose. These neurological symptoms had improved dramatically within a few minutes and were completely regressive at admission to our hospital about two hours later. On transesophageal echocardiography (TEE a huge ASA associated with PFO was detected. Diagnosis of the large-sized ASA was also confirmed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Due to the early complete recovery from his neurological symptoms, the patient was diagnosed with a transient ischemic attack (TIA. After nine days he was discharged in a good clinical condition under the treatment with oral anticoagulation. It is concluded that in cryptogenic or unexplained stroke or TIA TEE should always be performed to rule out ASA and PFO as potential sources for paradoxical embolism in those inconclusive clinical situations. Keywords: congenital cardiac abnormality, atrial septal

  9. Nordic Symphony – Grieg at the cross-roads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjell Skyllstad

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available In music historiography there appears the notion of a Europe musically divided between a central "universal" culture and a peripheral "national" orientation. 19th century composers of the Scandinavian and East European countries share the same fate of being marginalized as provincial representatives of "national" or "regional" cultures, in contrast to those that »spoke the language of "humanity" (Alfred Einstein. In Germany Edvard Grieg is stili derogatively regarded as Kleinkünstler, who was not able to produce large scale works in sonata form, which alone would qualify for the stature of a "universal" artist. What  we now recognize as Norwegian or national in Grieg's works became carriers of such significance and interpretations only after the composer's death. The hermeneutic descriptive  analysis and criticism in Germany (Hermann Kretzshmar and Norway (Gerhard Schjelderup narrowed the interpretation of his works.This was further ideologically encased by the upsurge of Norwegian nationalistic music culture in the late 20ties. When Grieg's only symphony was released for performance in 1981 it was stylistically considered as a transition to the "real" Grieg with reference to the elements pointing to a national idiom.The author pleads far a more open attitude in approaching the complex nature of Grieg's compositional career. Unbiased analyses of his large scale works, including the symphony, testify to an acute sense of formal structure, even when deviating from the normative requirements of the genre. The artistic legacy of Edvard Grieg, like that of many other composers of "peripheral" cultures, need to be examined at the triadic point of dynamic convergence between the national, regional and European, and between stylistic trends, sociocultural background and the development of musical communication.

  10. Model Kassel - more than waste disposal. Kassel days of raw materials; Kasseler Modell - mehr als Abfallentsorgung. Kasseler Wertstofftage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urban, Arnd I.; Halm, Gerhard (eds.)

    2009-07-01

    Within the meeting at 13th and 14th May, 2009 in Moevenpick Hotel Kassel (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Future waste management between hygienic of housing projects and production of secondary raw materials (Henning Friege); (2) Waste management in Hessen (Edgar Freund); (3) Legal evaluation of model experiments - Regulation of packaging and agreement of coordination (Hartmut Gassner); (4) Model experiments according to alternative recording systems - an actual review (Gabriele Becker); (5) Experiences with the system Yellow Tun Plus in Leipzig and Berlin (Ruediger Oetjen-Dehne); (6) Green Tin Plus - An alternative recording system for recyclable materials (Alfred Ehrhard); (7) ''Sack in a container'' - the trend-setting system of disposal (Michael Wieczorek); (8) Municipal motives and targets (Thomas-Erik Junge); (9) Project ''Wet and dry tun'' Kassel (Gerhard Halm); (10) Process engineering investigation and economic-ecological evaluation of the Kassel model (Arnd I. Urban, Ramona Schroeer); (11) Implementation and experiences in te area of collection with the system ''Wet and dry tun'' (Stefan Stremme, Katja Weiss); (12) First experiences with the utilization of wet and dry material flows from the test area Kassel (Ramona Schroeer, Niklas Schiel); (13) Possibilities and boundary conditions of a recycling of raw materials from waste blends (Joachim Christiani); (14) Possibilities of a waste incinerator as a central component in the waste management of the center of disposal Pohlsche Heide at Minden Luebbecke (Thomas Kropp); (15) The other tuns (Helmut Rechberger).

  11. Experiences and attitudes about physical activity and exercise in patients with chronic pain: a qualitative interview study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlsson L

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Linn Karlsson,1 Björn Gerdle,1 Esa-Pekka Takala,2 Gerhard Andersson,3,4 Britt Larsson1 1Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 2Work-related Diseases, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland; 3Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 4Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe how patients with chronic pain experience physical activity and exercise (PA&E.Method: This qualitative interview study included 16 women and two men suffering from chronic pain and referred to a multimodal pain rehabilitation program. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the interviews.Results: One main theme emerged: “To overcome obstacles and to seize opportunities to be physically active despite chronic pain.” This main theme was abstracted from five themes: “Valuing a life with physical activity,” “Physical activity and exercise – before and after pain,” “A struggle – difficulties and challenges,” “The enabling of physical activity,” and “In need of continuous and active support.” Conclusion: Although these participants valued PA&E, they seldom achieved desirable levels, and performance of PA&E was undermined by difficulties and failure. The discrepancy between the intention to perform physical activity and the physical activity accomplished could be related to motivation, self-efficacy, and action control. The participants desired high-quality interaction with healthcare providers. The findings can be applied to chronic pain rehabilitation that uses PA&E as treatment. Keywords: chronic pain, experiences, physical activity, rehabilitation, qualitative content analysis

  12. Art Perception in the Museum: How We Spend Time and Space in Art Exhibitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbon, Claus-Christian

    2017-01-01

    Aesthetics research aiming at understanding art experience is an emerging field; however, most research is conducted in labs without access to real artworks, without the social context of a museum and without the presence of other persons. The present article replicates and complements key findings of art perception in museum contexts. When observing museum visitors ( N  = 225; 126 female, M (age) = 43.3 years) while perceiving a series of six Gerhard Richter paintings of various sizes (0.26-3.20 sq. m) in a temporary art exhibition in January and February 2015 showing 28 paintings in total, we revealed patterns compatible to previous research. The mean time taken in viewing artworks was much longer than was mostly realized in lab contexts, here 32.9 s ( Mdn  = 25.4 s). We were also able to replicate visitors spending more time on viewing artworks when attending in groups of people. Additionally, we uncovered a close positive relationship ( r 2  = .929) between canvas size and viewing distance, ranging on average between 1.49 and 2.12 m ( M  = 1.72 m). We also found that more than half of the visitors returned to paintings, especially those people who had not previously paid too much attention at the initial viewing. After adding the times of returning viewers, each picture was viewed longer than had been estimated in previous research ( M  = 50.5 s, Mdn  = 43.0 s). Results are discussed in the context of current art perception theories, focusing on the need for the ecologically valid testing of artworks in aesthetics research.

  13. Art Perception in the Museum: How We Spend Time and Space in Art Exhibitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claus-Christian Carbon

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Aesthetics research aiming at understanding art experience is an emerging field; however, most research is conducted in labs without access to real artworks, without the social context of a museum and without the presence of other persons. The present article replicates and complements key findings of art perception in museum contexts. When observing museum visitors (N = 225; 126 female, M(age = 43.3 years while perceiving a series of six Gerhard Richter paintings of various sizes (0.26–3.20 sq. m in a temporary art exhibition in January and February 2015 showing 28 paintings in total, we revealed patterns compatible to previous research. The mean time taken in viewing artworks was much longer than was mostly realized in lab contexts, here 32.9 s (Mdn = 25.4 s. We were also able to replicate visitors spending more time on viewing artworks when attending in groups of people. Additionally, we uncovered a close positive relationship (r2 = .929 between canvas size and viewing distance, ranging on average between 1.49 and 2.12 m (M = 1.72 m. We also found that more than half of the visitors returned to paintings, especially those people who had not previously paid too much attention at the initial viewing. After adding the times of returning viewers, each picture was viewed longer than had been estimated in previous research (M = 50.5 s, Mdn = 43.0 s. Results are discussed in the context of current art perception theories, focusing on the need for the ecologically valid testing of artworks in aesthetics research.

  14. The nature of dark matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirillov, A.A. [Institute for Applied Mathematics and Cybernetics, 10 Uljanova Str., Nizhny Novgorod 603005 (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: ka98@mail.ru

    2006-01-19

    The observed strong dark-to-luminous matter coupling [F. Donato, et al., astro-ph/0403206, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., submitted for publication; G. Gentile, et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 351 (2004) 903; D.T.F. Weldrake, et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 340 (2003) 12; W.J.G. de Blok, A. Bosma, Astron. Astrophys. 385 (2002) 816; O. Gerhard, et al., Astrophys. J. 121 (2001) 1936; A. Borriello, et al., Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 341 (2003) 1109] suggests the existence of a some functional relation between visible and DM sources which leads to biased Einstein equations. We show that such a bias appears in the case when the topological structure of the actual Universe at very large distances does not match properly that of the Friedman space. We introduce a bias operator {rho}{sub DM}=B-bar {rho}{sub vis} and show that the simple bias function b=1/(4{pi}r{sub 0}r{sup 2}){theta}(r-r{sub max}) (the kernel of B-bar ) allows to account for all the variety of observed DM halos in astrophysical systems. In galaxies such a bias forms the cored DM distribution with the radius R{sub C}{approx}R{sub opt} (which explains the recently observed strong correlation between R{sub C} and R{sub opt} [F. Donato, et al., astro-ph/0403206, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., submitted for publication]), while for a point source it produces the logarithmic correction to the Newton's potential (which explains the observed flat rotation curves in spirals). Finally, we show that in the theory suggested the galaxy formation process leads to a specific variation with time of all interaction constants and, in particular, of the fine structure constant.

  15. Leibniz e o incomparável Manual de Epicteto: A propósito da crítica à arte da paciência de Descartes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William de Siqueira Piauí

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O filósofo alemão Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716 menciona muitas vezes a filosofia estoica, especialmente a de Epicteto (55-135? e mesmo a defendida no Encheirídion ou Manual, e talvez o melhor exemplo da importância que o Manual assume para o alemão seja as muitas menções feitas na Teodiceia; entretanto, dentre muitas outras, existe uma carta endereçada ao teólogo luterano o abade Gerhard Wolter Molanus (1633-1722, carta que recebeu a datação de mais ou menos 1679, em que não só o “incomparável Manual de Epicteto” é mencionado como ficam estabelecidos os termos em que ele é preferível com relação àquilo que Leibniz chamou de a arte da paciência, supostamente defendida pelo filósofo francês René Descartes (1596-1650, arte duramente criticada pelo alemão em favor de um cristianismo platônico ou de uma moral verdadeiramente cristã. Dito assim, nosso objetivo é problematizar alguns dos motivos das muitas menções aos estoicos, daí a Epicteto e especialmente ao seu Manual, e os termos em que se deu a crítica a Descartes por parte de Leibniz. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Leibniz, Epicteto, Molanus, Descartes, Enchiridion.

  16. Search for Signatures of Life in the Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Race, M.; Schwehm, G.; Arnould, J.; Dawson, S.; Devore, E.; Evans, D.; Ferrazzani, M.; Shostak, S.

    The search for evidence of extraterrestrial life is an important scientific theme that fascinates the public and encourages interest in space exploration, both within the solar system and beyond. The rapid pace of mass media communication allows the public to share mission results and new discoveries almost simultaneously with the scientific community. The public can read about proposed sample return missions to Mars, listen as scientists debate about in situ exploration of the oceans on Europa, learn about the growing number of extrasolar planets, or use their personal computers to participate in searches for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). As the science community continues its multi-pronged efforts to detect evidence of extraterrestrial life, it must be mindful of more than just science and technology. It is important to understand public perceptions, misperceptions, beliefs, concerns and potential complications associated with the search for life beyond our home planet. This panel is designed to provide brief overviews of some important non-scientific areas with the potential to impact future astrobiological exploration. The presentations will be followed by open discussion and audience participation. Invited panelists and their topical areas include: SCIENCE FICTION AND MISPERCEPTIONS: Seth Shostak, Dylan EvansBattling Pseudo-Science, Hollywood and Alien Abductions LEGAL ISSUES: Marcus FerrazzaniLooming Complications for Future Missions and Exploration RISK COMMUNICATION: Sandra DawsonEngaging the Public, Explaining the Risks, and Encouraging Long-Term Interestin Mission Science EDUCATION: Edna DeVoreUsing the Search for Life as a Motivating Theme in Teaching Basic Science andCritical Thinking. ETHICAL ISSUES AND CONCERNS: Jacques ArnouldWhat Will it Mean if We Find "ET"? PANEL MODERATORS: Margaret Race, Gerhard Schwehm

  17. Public utilities with renewable energy sources. Proceedings; Stadtwerke mit Erneuerbaren Energien. Konferenzband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-09-25

    Within the 3rd EUROSOLAR Conference at 25th to 26th May, 2009, in Ludwigshafen (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (a) Municipal power supply - Renewable energies (Hermann Scheer); (b) The significance of municipal regulations for the development of renewable energies by the example of Rheinland-Pfalz (Gerhard Weissmueller); (c) The solar regulation of the city Marburg (Franz Kahle); (d) Large-area solar-potential register SUN-AREA, the example Osnabrueck (Martina Klaerle); (e) Energy autonomy by means of methods at municipal and state level (Stephan Grueger); (f) Concession process according to paragraph 46 EnWG as a start for a locally regenerative strategic reorientation (Christian Theobald); (g) Municipal utilities and regenerative power generation (Johannes van Bergen); (h) The hybrid power plant Enertrag (Michael Wenske); (i) Eco-power with ecological added value (Uwe Leprich); (j) Increase of added value at biogas by means of grid connection (Leonhard Thien); (k) Biogas products for private customers (Oliver Hummel); (l) Marketing of biogas as a fuel - WEGAS Wendlaender BioGas (Hans-Volker Marklewitz); (m) Geothermal heat in the Upper Rhine Graben by the example of the geothermal power plant Landau (Peter Hauffe); (n) The Act on Heating with Renewable Energy Sources - A chance for new fields of business for municipal utilities (Klara Siraki); (o) Direct marketing of electricity from renewable energies as a chance for municipal utilities (Martin Altrock, Matthias Stark); (p) The significance of EEG and EEWaermeG 2009 in the further enlargement of renewable energies (Fabio Longo); (q) Taking over of the gas grid by the municipal utility Waldkirch GmbH (Dieter Nagel); (r) Municipal added value - municipal economical effects of decentral power generation (Michael Wuebbels).

  18. Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: German Protestantism, conscience, and the limits of purely ethical reflection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartmann, Peter

    2003-01-01

    In this essay I shall describe and analyse the current debate on physician assisted suicide in contemporary German Protestant church and theology. It will be shown that the Protestant (mainly Lutheran) Church in Germany together with her Roman Catholic sister church has a specific and influential position in the public discussion: The two churches counting the majority of the population in Germany among their members tend to "organize" a social and political consensus on end-of-life questions. This cooperation is until now very successful: Speaking with one voice on end-of-life questions, the two churches function as the guardians of a moral consensus which is appreciated even by many non-believers. Behind this joint service to society the lines of the theological debate have to be ree-discovered. First it will be argued that a Protestant reading of the joint memoranda has to be based on the concept of individual conscience. The crucial questions are then: Whose conscience has the authority to decide? and: Can the physician assisted suicide be desired faithfully? Prominent in the current debate are Ulrich Eibach as a strict defender of the sanctity of life, and on the other side Walter Jens and Hans Kung, who argue for a right to physician assisted suicide under extreme conditions. I shall argue that it will be necessary to go beyond this actual controversy to the works of Gerhard Ebeling and Karl Barth for a clear and instructive account of conscience and a theological analysis of the concepts of life and suicide. On the basis of their considerations, a conscience-related approach to physician assisted suicide is developed.

  19. Integrating Passenger and Modulo as Learning Tools for Collaborative Engineering Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalamullah Ramli

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The University of Indonesia (UI, Gerhard Mercator University (GMU, the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM have agreed to cooperate as partners to develop a joint bachelor (3+1 and masters (1+1 degree, and collaborate in the research fi elds of multimedia- and internet- based learning and application level active networks. This paper describes the introduction of the Offshore Project and the extending of information technology applications to the partner institutions in this international cooperation which would very much enhance the operations of the new initiative in engineering education, which could provide students in far distance with more fl exible learning environment.

  20. PREFACE: EmQM13: Emergent Quantum Mechanics 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    These proceedings comprise the invited lectures of the second international symposium on Emergent Quantum Mechanics (EmQM13), which was held at the premises of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna, Austria, 3-6 October 2013. The symposium was held at the ''Theatersaal'' of the Academy of Sciences, and was devoted to the open exploration of emergent quantum mechanics, a possible ''deeper level theory'' that interconnects three fields of knowledge: emergence, the quantum, and information. Could there appear a revised image of physical reality from recognizing new links between emergence, the quantum, and information? Could a novel synthesis pave the way towards a 21st century, ''superclassical'' physics? The symposium provided a forum for discussing (i) important obstacles which need to be overcome as well as (ii) promising developments and research opportunities on the way towards emergent quantum mechanics. Contributions were invited that presented current advances in both standard as well as unconventional approaches to quantum mechanics. The EmQM13 symposium was co-organized by Gerhard Grössing (Austrian Institute for Nonlinear Studies (AINS), Vienna), and by Jan Walleczek (Fetzer Franklin Fund, USA, and Phenoscience Laboratories, Berlin). After a very successful first conference on the same topic in 2011, the new partnership between AINS and the Fetzer Franklin Fund in producing the EmQM13 symposium was able to further expand interest in the promise of emergent quantum mechanics. The symposium consisted of two parts, an opening evening addressing the general public, and the scientific program of the conference proper. The opening evening took place at the Great Ceremonial Hall (Grosser Festsaal) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and it presented talks and a panel discussion on ''The Future of Quantum Mechanics'' with three distinguished speakers: Stephen Adler (Princeton), Gerard 't Hooft (Utrecht) and Masanao Ozawa (Nagoya). The articles contained in

  1. PREFACE: The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellago, Christoph; Kahl, Gerhard; Likos, Christos N.

    2012-07-01

    The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference (LMC8) was held at the Universität Wien from 6-10 September 2011. Initiated in 1990, the conferences of this series cover a broad range of highly interdisciplinary topics, ranging from simple liquids to soft matter and biophysical systems. The vast spectrum of scientific subjects presented and discussed at the LMC8 is reflected in the themes of the ten symposia: Ionic and quantum liquids, liquid metals Water, solutions and reaction dynamics Liquid crystals Polymers, polyelectrolytes, biopolymers Colloids Films, foams, surfactants, emulsions, aerosols Confined fluids, interfacial phenomena Supercooled liquids, glasses, gels Non-equilibrium systems, rheology, nanofluids Biofluids, active matter This special issue contains scientific papers, authored by participants of the LMC8, which provide a cross-section of the scientific activities in current liquid matter science, as discussed at the conference, and demonstrate the scientific as well as methodological progress made in this field over the past couple of years. The Eighth Liquid Matter Conference contents The Eighth Liquid Matter ConferenceChristoph Dellago, Gerhard Kahl and Christos N Likos Comparing light-induced colloidal quasicrystals with different rotational symmetriesMichael Schmiedeberg and Holger Stark Hydrogen bond network relaxation in aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions: the effect of temperatureS Sarti, D Truzzolillo and F Bordi Equilibrium concentration profiles and sedimentation kinetics of colloidal gels under gravitational stressS Buzzaccaro, E Secchi, G Brambilla, R Piazza and L Cipelletti The capillary interaction between two vertical cylindersHimantha Cooray, Pietro Cicuta and Dominic Vella Hydrodynamic and viscoelastic effects in polymer diffusionJ Farago, H Meyer, J Baschnagel and A N Semenov A density-functional theory study of microphase formation in binary Gaussian mixturesM Carta, D Pini, A Parola and L Reatto Microcanonical determination of the

  2. Preface [EmQM15: 3. international symposium on emergent quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-01-01

    These proceedings comprise the invited lectures of the third international symposium on Emergent Quantum Mechanics (EmQM15), which was held at the Vienna University of Technology in Vienna, Austria, 23-25 October 2015. The symposium convened at the Festsaal and the adjacent Boeckl-Saal of the Technical University, and was devoted to the open exploration of the quantum state as a reality. The resurgence of interest in ontological quantum theory, including both deterministic and indeterministic approaches, challenges long held assumptions and focuses on the following questions: Is the world local or nonlocal? What is the nature of quantum nonlocality? If nonlocal, i.e., superluminal, influences exist then why can't they be used for superluminal signaling and communication? How is the role of the scientific observer/agent to be accounted for in realistic approaches to quantum theory? How could recent developments in the field of space-time as an emergent phenomenon advance new insight at this research frontier? What new experiments might contribute to new understanding? These and related questions were addressed in the context also of a possible deeper level theory for quantum mechanics that interconnects three fields of knowledge: emergence, the quantum, and information. Could there appear a revised image of physical reality from recognizing new links between emergence, the quantum, and information? The symposium provided a forum for considering (i) current theoretical and conceptual obstacles which need to be overcome as well as (ii) promising developments and research opportunities on the way towards realistic quantum mechanics. Contributions were invited that present current advances in both standard as well as unconventional approaches. The EmQM15 symposium was co-organized by Gerhard Grössing (Austrian Institute for Nonlinear Studies (AINS), Vienna), and by Jan Walleczek (Fetzer Franklin Fund, USA, and Phenoscience Laboratories, Berlin). After two

  3. Avaliação oftalmológica em pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose Ophthalmological evaluation of patients with AIDS and neurotoxoplasmosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Mary Alves

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Descrever os achados fundoscópicos em pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose em fase ativa. MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvido estudo prospectivo tipo série de casos incluindo 70 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, com idade variando de 20 a 63 anos, internados nas enfermarias de três hospitais públicos da Cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, com diagnósticos de AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose firmados segundo os critérios do Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1992, no período de janeiro a outubro de 2008. Os pacientes se caracterizavam por: primeiro episódio de neurotoxoplasmose (65; 92,9% ou recidiva (5; 7,1%; desconhecimento de ter AIDS (23; 32,9%, contagem média de linfócitos T CD4 de 139,8 ± 3,04 células/mm3 e carga viral média igual a 137.080 ± 39.380 cópias/mL. Todos foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico, consistindo de: inspeção ocular; aferição da acuidade visual; investigação da função muscular extrínseca ocular e fundoscopia, empregando oftalmoscópio indireto binocular (modelo OHN 3.5 (Eyetec® e lente externa de 20 dioptrias (Volk®. RESULTADOS: Os achados consistiram em: exsudatos algodonosos retinianos (8,6%, constricção arteriolar difusa leve (8,6%; lesões de retinocoroidite cicatricial, características de toxoplasmose ocular (5,7%, atrofia do epitélio pigmentar retiniano (2,9%, descolamento da retina (2,9%, aumento de escavação papilar (1,4%, degeneração periférica retiniana (1,4%, macroaneurisma (1,4%, papiledema bilateral (1,4%, tração vítreo-retiniana (1,4%. CONCLUSÕES: Pacientes com AIDS e neurotoxoplasmose podem apresentar alterações fundoscópicas características da toxoplasmose ocular, na forma ativa ou cicatricial, relacionadas ao HIV ou, ainda, a outras doenças oportunistas ou sistêmicas, podendo ser de grande auxílio num tratamento integral do paciente por uma equipe multiprofissional.INTRODUCTION: To describe fundoscopic findings among patients with AIDS and active

  4. WE-AB-BRA-07: Operating Room Quality Assurance (ORQA) for Spine Surgery Using Known-Component 3D-2D Image Registration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uneri, A; De Silva, T; Goerres, J; Jacobson, M; Ketcha, M; Reaungamornrat, S; Siewerdsen, J [Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD (United States); Kleinszig, G [Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Bayern (Germany); Vogt, S [Siemens Healthcare, Malvern, PA (United States); Khanna, A [Johns Hopkins Health Care and Surgery Center, Bethesda, MD (United States); Wolinsky, J [The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2016-06-15

    offers a near-real-time independent check on the quality of surgical product, facilitating immediate revision if necessary and potentially avoiding postoperative morbidity and/or revision surgery. Gerhard Kleinszig and Sebastian Vogt are employees of Siemens Healthcare.

  5. Enhanced anticancer efficacy of paclitaxel through multistage tumor-targeting liposomes modified with RGD and KLA peptides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun J

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Jiawei Sun,1 Lei Jiang,2 Yi Lin,3 Ethan Michael Gerhard,4 Xuehua Jiang,1 Li Li,3 Jian Yang,4 Zhongwei Gu3 1West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 2Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 3National Engineering Research Center for Biomaterials, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Biomedical Engineering Materials Research Institute, The Huck Institutes of The Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA Abstract: Mitochondria serve as both “energy factories” and “suicide weapon stores” of cells. Targeted delivery of cytotoxic drugs to the mitochondria of tumor cells and tumor vascular cells is a promising strategy to improve the efficacy of chemotherapy. Here, multistage tumor-targeting liposomes containing two targeted peptide-modified lipids, cRGD-PEG2000-DSPE and KLA-PEG2000-DSPE, were developed for encapsulation of the anticancer drug paclitaxel (PTX, RGD-KLA/PTX-Lips. Compared with Taxol (free PTX, RGD/PTX-Lips and KLA/PTX-Lips, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 value of RGD-KLA/PTX-Lips in vitro was 1.9-, 36.7- and 22.7-fold lower with 4T1 cells, respectively, because of higher levels of cellular uptake. Similar results were also observed with human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs. An apoptosis assay showed that the total apoptotic ratio of RGD-KLA/PTX-Lips was the highest because of the mitochondria-targeted drug delivery and the activation of mitochondrial apoptosis pathways, as evidenced by visible mitochondrial localization, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c and increased activities of caspase-9 and caspase-3. The strongest tumor growth inhibition (TGI; 80.6% and antiangiogenesis effects without systemic toxicity were also observed in RGD-KLA/PTX-Lip-treated 4T1 tumor xenograft BALB/c mice. In conclusion, these multistage

  6. Vegetation and land carbon feedbacks in the high-resolution transient Holocene simulations using the MPI Earth system model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brovkin, Victor; Lorenz, Stephan; Raddatz, Thomas

    2017-04-01

    üger1, Roberta D'agostino1, Anne Dallmeyer1, Sabine Egerer1, Vivienne Groner1, Matthias Heinze1, Tatiana Ilyina1, Johann Jungclaus1, Thomas Kleinen1, Alexander Lemburg1, Stephan Lorenz1, Thomas Raddatz1, Hauke Schmidt1, Gerhard Schmiedl3, Bjorn Stevens1, Claudia Timmreck1, Matthew Toohey4 1Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie, D 2Wageningen University, NL 3CEN, Universität Hamburg, D 4GEOMAR Helmholtz Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel, D

  7. Holocene climate change in North Africa and the end of the African humid period - results of new high-resolution transient simulations with the MPI-ESM 1.3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dallmeyer, Anne; Claussen, Martin; Lorenz, Stephan

    2017-04-01

    The Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology has recently undertaken high-resolution transient Holocene simulations using the fully-coupled Earth System Model MPI-ESM 1.3. The simulations cover the last 8000 years and are forced not only by reconstructed Holocene orbital variations and atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, but also by recent compilations of Holocene volcanic aerosol distributions, variations in spectral solar irradiance, stratospheric ozone and land-use change. The simulations reveal the ubiquitous "Holocene conundrum": simulated global mean temperatures increase during the mid-Holocene and stay constant during the late Holocene. Simulated mid-Holocene near-surface temperatures are too cold in large parts of the world. Simulated precipitation, however, agrees much better with reconstruction than temperatures do. Likewise simulated global biome pattern fit reconstructions nicely, except for North Western America. First results of these simulations are presented with the main focus on the North African monsoon region. The amplitude of the mid-Holocene African Humid Period (AHP) is well captured in terms of precipitation and vegetation cover, so is the south-ward transgression of the termination of the AHP seen in reconstructions. The Holocene weakening and southward retreat of the North African monsoon as well as changes in the monsoon dynamic including shifts in the seasonal cycle and their relation to the locally varying termination of the AHP are discussed in detail. Members of the Hamburg Holocene Team: Jürgen Bader (1), Sebastian Bathiany (2), Victor Brovkin (1), Martin Claussen (1,3), Traute Crüger (1), Roberta D'agostino (1), Anne Dallmeyer (1), Sabine Egerer (1), Vivienne Groner (1), Matthias Heinze (1), Tatiana Ilyina (1), Johann Jungclaus (1), Thomas Kleinen (1), Alexander Lemburg (1), Stephan Lorenz (1), Thomas Raddatz (1), Hauke Schmidt (1), Gerhard Schmiedl (3), Bjorn Stevens (1), Claudia Timmreck (1), Matthew Toohey (4) (1) Max

  8. Impact of lowering ski binding settings on the outcome of the self-release test of ski bindings among female recreational skiers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Posch M

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Markus Posch,1 Martin Burtscher,1 Alois Schranz,2 Katja Tecklenburg,2 Kenneth Helle,2 Gerhard Ruedl1 1Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; 2Medalp Sportclinic, Imst, Austria Background and purpose: The ability to successfully self-release the ski binding can prevent skiing-related injuries of the lower extremities. Failure of binding release associated with a knee injury is significantly higher among females compared to males. The International Standards Organization ISO 11088 standard for binding setting values allows a lowering by 15% upon request of the skier. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of lowered ski binding settings by 15% on the outcome of the self-release test among female recreational skiers. Materials and methods: In this randomized single-blinded study, a cohort of 20 females (24.5±2.7 years performed the self-release test in the laboratory thrice with each leg under two conditions: 1 with an actual ISO 11088 setting and 2 with a setting lowered by 15%. For each attempt, torques calculated via the force plate were normalized to torques measured by a binding adjustment system (relative release torque, RRT. Results: Among 240 trials in total, more females were significantly able to self-release their ski bindings with lowered binding settings when compared to their actual ISO settings (53% vs 9%, p<0.001. Thirteen females (65% were able to release their bindings at least once with both legs with lowered binding settings compared to only three females (15% with their actual binding settings (p<0.001. Mean RRT of all failure of binding release trials significantly differed between lowered and actual binding settings (58.6%±22.2% vs 50.5%±20.4%, p=0.003. Conclusion: Four times more females were able to self-release their ski bindings at least once with both legs with a 15% lowered binding setting compared to their normal ISO 11088 setting. The fact that the ISO standard

  9. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tony Day and Maya H.T. Liem (eds, Cultures at war: The Cold War and cultural expression in Southeast Asia (Manneke Budiman Fox, Richard, Critical reflections on religion and media in contemporary Bali (Martin Ramstedt Faisal S. Hazis, Domination and contestation: Muslim bumiputera politics in Sarawak (Gerhard Hoffstaedter Liesbeth Hesselink, Healers on the colonial market: Native doctors and midwivesin the Dutch East Indies (Leo van Bergen May Ingawanij and Benjamin McKay (eds, Glimpses of freedom: Independent cinema in Southeast Asia (Katinka van Heeren Laura Jarnagin (ed., The making of the Luso-Asian world: Intricacies of engagement (Hans Hägerdal J.J.P. de Jong, Avondschot: Hoe Nederland zich terugtrok uit zijn Aziatisch imperium (William H. Frederick Eben Kirksey, Freedom in entangled worlds: West Papua and the architecture of global power (Pieter Drooglever Lev, Daniel S., No concessions: The life of Yap Thiam Hien, Indonesian human rights lawyer (Gerry van Klinken Rémy Madinier, L’Indonésie, entre démocratie musulmane et Islam intégral: Histoire du parti Masjumi (1945-1960 (Chiara Formichi Rod Nixon, Justice and governance in East Timor: Indigenous approaches and the ‘New Subsistence State’ (Hans Hägerdal Philippe M.F. Peycam, The birth of Vietnamese political journalism: Saïgon 1916-1930 (Pierre Brocheux Harry Poeze, Madiun 1948: PKI bergerak (Avsi Warman Adam Ronit Ricci, Islam translated: Literature, conversion, and the Arabic cosmopolis of South and Southeast Asia (William Cummings Sokhieng Au, Mixed medicines: Health and culture in French colonial Cambodia (Leo van Bergen Kobkua Suwannathat-Pian, Palace, political party and power: A story of the sociopolitical development of Malay Kingship (A.J. Stockwell G. Teitler, Op het koloniale oorlogspad; De strijd tegen Moslim-fundamentalisten ter Westkust van Sumatra (1817-1838, vergeleken met de Russische verovering van Tjetsjenië en Dagestan (1817-1859 (Joshua Gedacht Gerard

  10. Representation of Tinnitus in the US Newspaper Media and in Facebook Pages: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Secondary Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manchaiah, Vinaya; Ratinaud, Pierre; Andersson, Gerhard

    2018-05-08

    over time. These findings can help health care providers better understand the presuppositions that tinnitus patients may have. More importantly, the findings can help public health experts and health communication experts in tailoring health information about tinnitus to promote self-management, as well as assisting in appropriate choices of treatment for those living with tinnitus. ©Vinaya Manchaiah, Pierre Ratinaud, Gerhard Andersson. Originally published in the Interactive Journal of Medical Research (http://www.i-jmr.org/), 08.05.2018.

  11. Motivi biblici nell’opera teatrale di Stanisław Wyspiański e Jerzy Grotowski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Bernardini

    2011-06-01

    The second play partly centered on a biblical theme is Akropolis (1904, a monumental drama set in Cracow’s Pantheon, the Wawel cathedral. In the second act of the play, the characters of the tapestries hanging on the walls of the cathedral come to life. One of the tapestries portraits the story of Jacob (Genesis: 25-33. Wyspiański was very likely inspired by  Raffaello’s fresco paintings in Eliodor’s room at the Vatican, and by Gerhard Hauptmann’s fragment Das Hirtenlied. The playwright closely follows the text of the Bible but for a few „apocryphical” insertions, the more relevant of which refer to Jacob’s struggle with the Angel. The Angel defies Jacob, founder of tribes”, claiming that he’ll thread „on the weak ones, in this graveyard of tribes”. Much has been debated on where the action of the drama should take place. Wyspiański himself thought about staging Akropolis in the cathedral on the Wawel hill, but the best known production of the play, performed by Jerzy Grotowski (1962, dispensed from the original setting. For Wyspiański, the cathedral on the Wawel hill, with her tombs, was the most significant achievement in Polish national history  and culture, but for Grotowski the most meaningful event in the history of the whole humankind had taken place in Auschwitz extermination camp. Grotowski sees the setting of the play – using Wyspianski’s words - „in a graveyard of tribes”. This graveyard is not longer the peaceful and magnificent cathedral where the playwright used to stroll in search of inspiration, but a dramatically real one, the graveyard in which millions of human beings belonging to all nations have been buried after having completed the crematorium in which they and their companions will be burned. Grotowski has not altered Wyspiański’s lines, just changed the order of the scenes, so that Jacob’s struggle with the Angel could be at the centre of  a play which could be reintepreted by the light shed on

  12. Highlights of Astronomy, Vol. 15

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbett, Ian

    2010-11-01

    Preface; Part I. Gruber Cosmology Prize Lecture; Part II. Invited Discourses; Part III. Joint Discussions: 1. Dark matter in early-type galaxies Léon V. E. Koopmans and Tommaso Treu; 2. Diffuse light in galaxy clusters Magda Arnaboldi and Ortwin Gerhard; 3. Neutron stars - timing in extreme environments Tomaso Belloni, Mariano Méndez and Chengmin Zhang; 4. Progress in understanding the physics of Ap and related stars Margarida Cunha; 5. Modelling the Milky Way in the age of Gaia Annie C. Robin; 6. Time and astronomy Pascale Defraigne; 7. Astrophysical outflows and associated accretion phenomena Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino and Alex C. Raga; 8. Hot interstellar matter in elliptical galaxies Dong-Woo Kim and Silvia Pellegrini; 9. Are the fundamental constants varying with time? Paolo Molaro and Elisabeth Vangioni; 10. 3D views on cool stellar atmospheres - theory meets observation K. N. Nagendra, P. Bonifacio and H. G. Ludwig; 11. New advances in helio- and astero-seismology; 12. The first galaxies - theoretical predictions and observational clues; 13. Eta Carinae in the context of the most massive stars Theodore R. Gull and Augusto Damineli; 14. The ISM of galaxies in the far-infrared and sub-millimetre; 15. Magnetic fields in diffuse media Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino and Alex Lazarian; 16. IHY global campaign - whole heliosphere interval; Part IV. Special Sessions: SpS 1. IR and sub-mm spectroscopy - a new tool for studying stellar evolution Glenn Wahlgren, Hans Käufl and Florian Kerber; SpS 2. The international year of astronomy Pedro Russo, Catherine Cesarsky and Lars Lindberg Christensen; SpS 3. Astronomy in Antarctica in 2009 Michael G. Burton; SpS 4. Astronomy education between past and future J. P. De Greve; SpS 5. Accelerating the rate of astronomical discovery Ray P. Norris; SpS 6. Planetary systems as potential sites for life Régis Courtin, Alan Boss and Michel Mayor; SpS 7. Young stars, brown dwarfs, and protoplanetary disks Jane Gregorio

  13. Validity of subjective smoking status in orthopedic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bender D

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Daniel Bender,* Patrick Haubruck,* Sonja Boxriker, Sebastian Korff, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Arash Moghaddam Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Center for Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: In this level 1 diagnostic study, we analyzed the validity of subjective smoking status and, as secondary research question, the smoking cessation adherence in orthopedic patients during a routine hospital stay of nonunion patients by measuring serum cotinine.  Methods: We included patients undergoing revision surgery due to nonunion of long bones. Patients were interviewed about their smoking status. Blood samples were taken from all the patients prior to surgery and for an additional 6 weeks following surgery. Serum levels of cotinine were measured, and coherence between subjective smoking status and objective cotinine analysis was evaluated.  Results: Between March 2012 and August 2014, we enrolled 136 patients. Six of the 26 “previous smokers” (23% and four of the 65 “nonsmokers” (6% had serum cotinine above cutoff levels. In self-labeled smokers, serum cotinine levels averaged at 2,367.4±14,885.9 ng/mL (with a median of 100 ng/mL, whereas in previous smokers the levels averaged at 4,270±19,619.4 ng/mL (with a median of 0 ng/mL and in the nonsmokers group the levels averaged at 12±53.9 ng/mL (with a median of 0.03 ng/mL. Overall, the subjective smoking status matched serum cotinine testing in 88% of the cases. Sensitivity was 79.6% and specificity was 93.1%. Ninety-one percent of the patients with preoperative positive serum values were still positive at follow-up.  Conclusion: In this study, we could show that subjective smoking status in orthopedic patients is predominantly reliable as validated by objective cotinine measurements; however, patients who declare themselves as “previous smokers” are at elevated risk

  14. Frequency and clinical relevance of human bocavirus infection in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix C Ringshausen

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Felix C Ringshausen1, Ai-Yui M Tan1, Tobias Allander2, Irmgard Borg1, Umut Arinir1, Juliane Kronsbein1, Barbara M Hauptmeier1, Gerhard Schultze-Werninghaus1, Gernot Rohde11Clinical Research Group “Significance of viral infections in chronic respiratory diseases of children and adults,” University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Department of Internal Medicine III–Pneumology, Allergology and Sleep Medicine, Bochum, Germany; 2Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institutet, and Department of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, SwedenObjective: Human bocavirus (HBoV is a recently discovered parvovirus associated with acute respiratory tract infections in children. The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency and clinical relevance of HBoV infection in adult patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE-COPD.Methods: We retrospectively tested 212 COPD patients, 141 (66.5% with AE-COPD and 71 (33.5% with stable disease, of whom nasal lavage and induced sputum had been obtained for the presence of HBoV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA. The specificity of positive polymerase chain reaction results was confirmed by sequencing.Results: Two hundred two of 212 patients for whom PCR results were available both for nasal lavage and induced sputum samples were eligible for data analysis. HBoV DNA was detected in three patients (1.5%. Of those, only one patient had AE-COPD. Thus, the frequency of HBoV infection demonstrated to be low in both AE-COPD (0.8% and stable COPD (2.9%. HBoV was found in two sputum and one nasal lavage sample in different patients, respectively. Sequencing revealed >99% sequence identity with the reference strain.Conclusion: HBoV detection was infrequent. Since we detected HBoV in both upper and lower respiratory tract specimens and in AE-COPD as well as stable disease, a major role of HBoV infection in adults with AE-COPD is unlikely

  15. WE-AB-BRA-07: Operating Room Quality Assurance (ORQA) for Spine Surgery Using Known-Component 3D-2D Image Registration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uneri, A; De Silva, T; Goerres, J; Jacobson, M; Ketcha, M; Reaungamornrat, S; Siewerdsen, J; Kleinszig, G; Vogt, S; Khanna, A; Wolinsky, J

    2016-01-01

    offers a near-real-time independent check on the quality of surgical product, facilitating immediate revision if necessary and potentially avoiding postoperative morbidity and/or revision surgery. Gerhard Kleinszig and Sebastian Vogt are employees of Siemens Healthcare.

  16. The latitude of logic in legal hermeneutics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medar Suzana

    2014-01-01

    may lead to the perception of law as ars aequi et boni. According to Viehweg, 'topica' is a technique of problem-based reasoning which is fully different from the deductive-systematic reasoning. Interpretation or construing meaning is part of 'topica' which enables flexibility of practical argumentation by expanding and reducing the catalogue of 'topoi'. In legal hermeneutics, the new quality of argumentation and topical reasoning stems from the fact that the classical methods of interpretation are substituted by a far more extensive number of arguments (Giovanni Tarello recognizes 15 legal topoi and Gerhard Struck as many as 64 legal topoi]. It ultimately points out to the creative role of the interpreter's rhetoric research and decision-making processes.

  17. Power plants 2009. Lectures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    Within the Annual Conference 2009 of the VGB PowerTech e.V. (Essen, Federal Republic of Germany) from 23rd to 25th May, 2009, in Lyon (France) the following lectures were held: (1) Electricity demand, consequences of the financial and economic crisis - Current overview 2020 for the EU-27 (Hans ten Berge); (2) Status and perspectives of the electricity generation mix in France (Bernard Dupraz); (3) European electricity grid - status and perspective (Dominique Maillard); (4) Technologies and acceptance in the European energy market (Gordon MacKerran); (5) EPR construction in Finland, China, France, (Claude Jaouen); (6) EPR Flamanville 3: A project on the path towards nuclear revival (Jacques Alary); (7) Worldwide nuclear Revival and acceptance (Luc Geraets); (8) An overview on the status of final disposal of radioactive wastes worldwide (Piet Zuidema); (9) Who needs pumped storage plants? PSP are partner to grid stability and renewable energies (Hans-Christoph Funke); (10) Sustainable use of water resources to generate electricity safely and efficiently (Patrick Tourasse); (11) The growth strategy of RWE Innogy - Role of RES in RWE strategy (Fritz Vahrenholt); (12) Solar technologies towards grid parity - key factors and timeframe (G. Gigliucci); (13) Overview on CCS technologies and results of Vattenfalls oxyfuel pilot plant (Philippe Paelinck); (14) Development perspectives of lignite-based IGCC-plants with CCS (Dietmar Keller); (15) Post combustion capture plants - concept and plant integration (Wolfgang Schreier); (16) CCS fossil power generation in a carbon constraint world (Daniel Hofmann); (17) CEZ group strategy in Central and South Eastern Europe (Jan Zizka); (18) Strategy and projects of DONG Energy (Jens Erik Pedersen); (19) E.ON coal-based power generation of the future - The highly efficient power plant and downstream separation of carbon dioxide (Gerhard Seibel); (20) Final sage of first supercritical 460 MW e l. CFB Boiler construction - firs

  18. Antidopaminergic medication in healthy subjects provokes subjective and objective mental impairments tightly correlated with perturbation of biogenic monoamine metabolism and prolactin secretion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselinović T

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Tanja Veselinović,1,2 Ingo Vernaleken,1,2 Paul Cumming,3,4 Uwe Henning,5 Lina Winkler,1,2 Peter Kaleta,1,2 Michael Paulzen,1,2 Christian Luckhaus,6 Gerhard Gründer1,2,7 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, 2Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA, Jülich, Germany; 3IHBI, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, 4QIMR Berghofer Institute, Brisbane, Australia; 5Neurobiochemical Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, 6LWL University Hospital Bochum, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry and Psychiatric Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, 7Department of Molecular Neuroimaging, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany Objectives: Off-label prescription of antipsychotics to patients without psychotic symptoms has become a routine matter for many psychiatrists and also some general practitioners. Nonetheless, little is known about the possibly detrimental effects of antidopaminergic medications on general psychopathology, subjective mental state, or a possible association with physiological parameters in nonpsychotic individuals.Methods: In this randomized, single-blinded study, groups of healthy volunteers (n=18 received low doses of reserpine, aripiprazole, haloperidol, or placebo on 7 successive days. Relevant physiological parameters (plasma prolactin, concentrations of catecholamine metabolites in plasma, and 24-hour urine and each subject’s mental state (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, visual analogue scale, Beck Depression Inventory II were assessed at the start and end of the trial.Results: Of the three active treatments, only reserpine caused a significant increase in some plasma- and urine-catecholamine metabolites, but all three medications evoked objective

  19. Guided Web-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Perfectionism: Results From Two Different Randomized Controlled Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozental, Alexander; Shafran, Roz; Wade, Tracey D; Kothari, Radha; Egan, Sarah J; Ekberg, Linda; Wiss, Maria; Carlbring, Per; Andersson, Gerhard

    2018-04-26

    internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy as a way of targeting perfectionism, but the findings need to be replicated and include a comparison condition. ©Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey D Wade, Radha Kothari, Sarah J Egan, Linda Ekberg, Maria Wiss, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 26.04.2018.

  20. Practice of the utilization of biomass from waste materials; Praxis der Verwertung von Biomasse aus Abfaellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiemer, Klaus; Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas (eds.)

    2010-07-01

    Within the 4th Witzenhaeuser Biomass Conference from 10th to 11th November, 2010, in Witzenhausen (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Consequences of the amendment of the law of life-cycle management and biological waste regulations for the practice of acquisition and utilization of biological wastes (Claus-Gerhard Bergs); (2) An eco-efficient handling with biological wastes and composting wastes (Siegfried Kreibe); (3) Perspectives of the biological waste management (Michael Kern); (4) Assessment of waste biogas plants by environmental verifiers - implementation of the EEG novella (Michael Hub); (5) Fermentation of biogenic residuals - State of the art and perspectives (David Wilken); (6) Energy from cultivation masses and waste biomasses - Perspectives for Europe (Katja Bunzel); (7) Optimization of a biogas plant in practical operation (Michael Buchheit); (8) Odour situation and germ situation before and after an integration of a biogas plant in a composite system (Juergen Roth); (9) Aspects of immission protection rights according to the requirements on the permission and operation of biogas plants (Norbert Suritsch); (10) Actual veterinary regulatory, fertilizer regulatory and waste regulatory requirements on the treatment and utilization of fermentation products (Andreas Kirsch); (11) Utilization of fermentation residues from biological waste: Basic conditions and technology of processing (Thomas Raussen); (12) Practical experiences and new developments using selected examples: Pohlsche Heide, Baar (Switzerland) and Cesena (Italy) (Peter Lutz); (13) New facility concepts of dry fermentation in Lohfelden and Uelzen (Gunnar Ziehmann); (14) New facility concepts of plug flow fermentation (Michael Oertig); (15) Further development of the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} systems (Sandra Striewski); (16) Optimization of the gas yield and reduction of disruptive substances in the processing of biological wastes for the wet fermentation

  1. Criticality and avalanches in neural networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zare, Marzieh; Grigolini, Paolo

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: • Temporal criticality is used as criticality indicator. • The Mittag–Leffler function is proposed as a proper form of temporal complexity. • The distribution of avalanche size becomes scale free in the supercritical state. • The scale-free distribution of avalanche sizes is an epileptic manifestation. -- Abstract: Experimental work, both in vitro and in vivo, reveals the occurrence of neural avalanches with an inverse power law distribution in size and time duration. These properties are interpreted as an evident manifestation of criticality, thereby suggesting that the brain is an operating near criticality complex system: an attractive theoretical perspective that according to Gerhard Werner may help to shed light on the origin of consciousness. However, a recent experimental observation shows no clear evidence for power-law scaling in awake and sleeping brain of mammals, casting doubts on the assumption that the brain works at criticality. This article rests on a model proposed by our group in earlier publications to generate neural avalanches with the time duration and size distribution matching the experimental results on neural networks. We now refine the analysis of the time distance between consecutive firing bursts and observe the deviation of the corresponding distribution from the Poisson statistics, as the system moves from the non-cooperative to the cooperative regime. In other words, we make the assumption that the genuine signature of criticality may emerge from temporal complexity rather than from the size and time duration of avalanches. We argue that the Mittag–Leffler (ML) exponential function is a satisfactory indicator of temporal complexity, namely of the occurrence of non-Poisson and renewal events. The assumption that the onset of criticality corresponds to the birth of renewal non-Poisson events establishes a neat distinction between the ML function and the power law avalanches generating regime. We find that

  2. Malaria and World War II: German malaria experiments 1939-45.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckart, W U; Vondra, H

    2000-06-01

    The epidemiological and pharmacological fight against malaria and German malaria research during the Nazi dictatorship were completely under the spell of war. The Oberkommando des Heeres (German supreme command of the army) suffered the bitter experience of unexpected high losses caused by malaria especially at the Greek front (Metaxes line) but also in southern Russia and in the Ukraine. Hastily raised anti-malaria units tried to teach soldiers how to use the synthetic malaria drugs (Plasmochine, Atebrine) properly. Overdoses of these drugs were numerous during the first half of the war whereas in the second half it soon became clear that it would not be possible to support the army due to insufficient quantities of plasmochine and atebrine. During both running fights and troop withdrawals at all southern and southeastern fronts there was hardly any malaria prophylaxis or treatment. After war and captivity many soldiers returned home to endure heavy malaria attacks. In German industrial (Bayer, IG-Farben) and military malaria laboratories of the Heeres-Sanitäts-Akademie (Army Medical Academy) the situation was characterised by a hasty search for proper dosages of anti-malaria drugs, adequate mechanical and chemical prophylaxis (Petroleum, DDT, and other insecticides) as well as an anti-malaria vaccine. Most importantly, large scale research for proper atebrine and plasmochine dosages was conducted in German concentration camps and mental homes. In Dachau Professor Claus Schilling tested synthetic malaria drugs and injected helpless prisoners with high and sometimes lethal doses. Since the 1920s he had been furiously looking for an anti-malaria vaccine in Italian mental homes and from 1939 he continued his experiments in Dachau. Similar experiments were also performed in Buchenwald and in a psychiatric clinic in Thuringia, where Professor Gerhard Rose tested malaria drugs with mentally ill Russian prisoners of war. Schilling was put to death for his criminal

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Knappert

    1973-01-01

    . Oxford University Press, London-New York-Toronto-Cape Town, 1971. XII en 300 bladzijden tekst; elke bijdrage voorzien van een lijst van “references”; een bibliografie (blz. 301-332 en een index (blz. 333-340. - Wim van Zanten, Hugo Zemp, Musique Dan - La musique dans la pensée et la vie sociale d’une société africaine. Cahiers de l’Homme, Mouton, Paris 1971. 320 pages, 16 photographs. - Jan Knappert, W.H. Whiteley, Language use and social change, Problems of multilingualism with special reference to Eastern Africa. Published for the International African Institute by Oxford University Press, London 1970. 406 p. - Rudolf van Zantwijk, John L. Gwaltney, The thrice shy: Cultural accomodation to blindness and other disasters in a Mexican community. Columbia University Press, New York, London, 1970. X + 219 p. - Th. J.J. Leyenaar, Carlo T.E. Gay, Xochipala; the beginnings of Olmec Art. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey 1972. 62 pp., 42 ills. - A.J. Bernert Kempers, Dag Strömbäck, Leading folklorists of the North. Biographical studies edited by Dag Strömbäck in collaboration with B. Alver, B. Holbeck and L. Virtanen. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo-Bergen-Tromsö, 1971. 435 blz. - L. Brunt, Hetty Nooy-Palm, Staphorster Volk. Een cultureel antropologische verkenning van een streekdorp. Uitgeverij Boom, Meppel 1971. Voorwoord door de uitgever en Ten Geleide door Sj. Groenman. 240 pp. met bijlagen en foto’s.

  4. Effects of decreased inhibition on synaptic plasticity and dendritic morphology in the juvenile prefrontal cortex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xanthippi Konstantoudaki

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Excitation-inhibition balance is critical for maintaining proper functioning of the cerebral cortex, as evident from electrophysiological and modeling studies, and it is also important for animal behavior (Yizhar et al., 2011. In the cerebral cortex, excitation is provided by glutamate release from pyramidal neurons, while inhibition is provided by GABA release from several types of interneurons. Many neuropsychiatric disorders, such as epilepsy, anxiety, schizophrenia and autism exhibit an imbalance between the excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms of cortical circuits within key brain regions as prefrontal cortex or hippocampus, primarily through dysfunctions in the inhibitory system (Lewis, Volk, & Hashimoto, 2003; Marín, 2012 Given the significant role of GABAergic inhibition in shaping proper function of the cerebral cortex, we used a mouse model of developmentally decreased GABAergic inhibition in order to examine its effects in network properties, namely basal synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity and dendritic morphology of pyramidal neurons. For our study, we used mice (postnatal day 20-30 in which the Rac1 protein was deleted from Nkx2.1-expressing neurons (Vidaki et al., 2012, (Rac1fl/flNkx2.1 +/cre referred as Rac1 KO mice, and heterozygous (Rac1+/flNkx2.1 +/cre or control (Rac1+/flNkx2.1 +/+ mice. The specific ablation of Rac1 protein from NKx2.1-expressing MGE-derived progenitors leads to a perturbation of their cell cycle exit resulting in decreased number of interneurons in the cortex(Vidaki et al, 2012. We prepared brain slices from the prefrontal cortex and recorded field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs from layer II neurons while stimulating axons in layer II. We find that the evoked fEPSPs are decreased in Rac1 KO mice compared to Rac1 heterozygous or control mice. This could suggest that the decreased GABAergic inhibition causes network alterations that result in reduced glutamatergic function. Furthermore

  5. OBITUARY Chris Beling, 1955-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, P. G.

    2011-01-01

    deep-level transient spectroscopy [7]. Chris was characteristically interested in all aspects of the research in which he was engaged, and invested much effort in developing theoretical models and data handling [8]. Chris published over 200 journal papers and 75 conference contributions; almost two-thirds of his publications deal with investigations and complex characterisation of semiconductors, mostly combining the results of many different techniques. 15% of his papers were concerned with the building, development and use of a mono-energetic positron beam and other spectroscopies at HKU, and almost 20% involved numerical modelling of experimental data and theoretical studies. A fruitful collaboration involving positron research of semiconductors was promoted by Chris during ICPA-10 in Beijing in 1994, between the HKU positron group and that of Gerhard Brauer at FZ Dresden-Rossendorf. In recent years this has primarily involved Chris's former student Francis Ling, now an associate professor at HKU. Gerhard comments that 'it has always been a great pleasure to meet Chris at Hong Kong for a scientific discussion, or privately with him and members of his family. I shall miss him as a colleague and friend.' Professor Fuchun Zhang, Head of Physics at HKU, writes that, together with Prof. Steve Fung, Chris educated several dozen graduate students, and that his supervision was characterized by his kindness and willingness to help those most in need. The fondness with which Chris was regarded by all who knew him was embodied in the substantial contributions from students, colleagues, friends and family to establish the C.D. Beling Memorial Prize in Physics, which will be awarded annually to three full-time Physics students at HKU. Chris was the son of retired Paignton vicar David Beling and his wife Anne. Chris's brother Jeremy told mourners at St Paul's Church, Paignton: 'When I called for help, he gave not a second thought in helping me. How I wish he had not been on the

  6. Getting together in deep space - The Rosetta space probe's long trek to Comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-02-01

    The countdown to Rosetta’s rendezvous in space began on 1 March 1997. At the end of February 2004, seven years and not a few headaches later, the European Space Agency (ESA) probe will at last be setting off on its journey to meet Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko. The long-planned get-together will not however take place until the middle of 2014. A few months after arriving at the comet, Rosetta will release a small lander onto its surface. Then, for almost two years it will investigate Churyumov-Gerasimenko from close up. Dr Gerhard Schwehm, lead scientist for the Rosetta project, explains that, “With this mission we will be breaking new ground - this will be the first protracted cometary encounter.” The trip to the meeting place in space will certainly be a long one, located as it is some 4.5 astronomical units from the Sun, which translates into something like 675 million kilometres. Rosetta will be on the road for ten years, during which time it will clock up in excess of five billion kilometres. Launch in February 2004 Rosetta will be waved off on 26 February when it lifts off from the space centre in Kourou, French Guiana, aboard an Ariane 5 launcher. Shortly after the spacecraft’s release, its solar panels will be deployed and turned towards the Sun to build up the necessary power reserves. Its various systems and experiments will be gradually brought into operation and tested. Just three months into the mission the first active phase will be over, followed by final testing of the experiments in October 2004. Rosetta will then spend the following years flying a lonely path to the comet, passing by the Earth, Mars, the Earth and the Earth again. There is no alternative to this detour, for even Ariane 5, the most powerful launcher on the market today, lacks the power to hurl the probe on a direct route to the comet. To get the required momentum, it will rely on swing-by manœuvres, using the gravitation pull of Mars (in 2007) and the Earth (three times, in

  7. Evaluation of App-Based Serious Gaming as a Training Method in Teaching Chest Tube Insertion to Medical Students: Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haubruck, Patrick; Nickel, Felix; Ober, Julian; Walker, Tilman; Bergdolt, Christian; Friedrich, Mirco; Müller-Stich, Beat Peter; Forchheim, Franziska; Fischer, Christian; Schmidmaier, Gerhard; Tanner, Michael C

    2018-05-21

    individual training level, as well as previous experiences, gender, and hobbies. Primary end point was operative performance during chest tube insertion by direct observance. A total of 183 students enrolled, 116 students participated (63.4%), and 21 were excluded because of previous experiences in chest tube insertion. Students were randomized to the intervention group (49/95, 52%) and control group (46/95, 48%). The intervention group performed significantly better than the control group (Intervention group: 38.0 [I 50 =7.0] points; control group: 30.5 [I 50 =8.0] points; Pgames are a valid and effective tool in education of operative performance in chest tube insertion. We believe that serious games should be implemented in the surgical curriculum, as well as residency programs, in addition to traditional learning methods. German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) DRKS00009994; https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00009994 (Archived by Webcite at http://www.webcitation.org/6ytWF1CWg). ©Patrick Haubruck, Felix Nickel, Julian Ober, Tilman Walker, Christian Bergdolt, Mirco Friedrich, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Franziska Forchheim, Christian Fischer, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Michael C Tanner. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 21.05.2018.

  8. A Historical View and Vision into the Future of the Field of Safety Pharmacology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Alan S; Hombo, Toshiyasu; Kasai, Chieko; Kinter, Lewis B; Valentin, Jean-Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Professor Gerhard Zbinden recognized in the 1970s that the standards of the day for testing new candidate drugs in preclinical toxicity studies failed to identify acute pharmacodynamic adverse events that had the potential to harm participants in clinical trials. From his vision emerged the field of safety pharmacology, formally defined in the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) S7A guidelines as "those studies that investigate the potential undesirable pharmacodynamic effects of a substance on physiological functions in relation to exposure in the therapeutic range and above." Initially, evaluations of small-molecule pharmacodynamic safety utilized efficacy models and were an ancillary responsibility of discovery scientists. However, over time, the relationship of these studies to overall safety was reflected by the regulatory agencies who, in directing the practice of safety pharmacology through guidance documents, prompted transition of responsibility to drug safety departments (e.g., toxicology). Events that have further shaped the field over the past 15 years include the ICH S7B guidance, evolution of molecular technologies leading to identification of new therapeutic targets with uncertain toxicities, introduction of data collection using more sophisticated and refined technologies, and utilization of transgenic animal models probing critical scientific questions regarding novel targets of toxicity. The collapse of the worldwide economy in the latter half of the first decade of the twenty-first century, continuing high rates of compound attrition during clinical development and post-approval and sharply increasing costs of drug development have led to significant strategy changes, contraction of the size of pharmaceutical organizations, and refocusing of therapeutic areas of investigation. With these changes has come movement away from dedicated internal safety pharmacology capability to utilization of capabilities within external contract

  9. “Denervation” of autonomous nervous system in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension by low-dose radiation: a case report with an unexpected outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hohenforst-Schmidt W

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt,1 Paul Zarogoulidis,2 Filiz Oezkan,3 Christian Mahnkopf,4 Gerhard Grabenbauer,5 Alfons Kreczy,6 Rolf Bartunek,7 Kaid Darwiche,3 Lutz Freitag,3 Qiang Li,8 Haidong Huang,8 Thomas Vogl,9 Patrick LePilvert,10 Theodora Tsiouda,11 Kosmas Tsakiridis,12 Konstantinos Zarogoulidis,2 Johannes Brachmann11II Medical Clinic, Coburg Clinic, University of Würzburg, Coburg, Germany; 2Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, G Papanikolaou General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; 3Department of Interventional Pneumology, Ruhrlandklinik, West German Lung Center, University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany; 4II Medizinische Klinik, Klinik für Kardiologie, Angiologie, Pneumologie, Klinikum Coburg, 5Department of Radiotherapy, 6Department of Pathology, Cytology and Molecular Diagnostics, 7Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Coburg Clinic, University of Wüerzburg, Coburg, Germany; 8Department of Respiratory Diseases, Changhai Hospital/First Affiliated Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 9Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Goethe University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany; 10Interventional Drug Delivery Systems and Strategies (ID2S2, Medical Cryogenics, Lakeland Court Jupiter, FL, USA; 11Internal Medicine Unit, Theagenio Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, 12Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Saint Luke Private Hospital, Thessaloniki, GreeceAbstract: Vasointestinal peptide metabolism plays a key physiological role in multimodular levels of vasodilatory, smooth muscle cell proliferative, parenchymal, and inflammatory lung reactions. In animal studies, vasointestinal peptide relaxes isolated pulmonary arterial segments from several mammalian species in vitro and neutralizes the pulmonary vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin. In some animal models, it reduces pulmonary vascular resistance in vivo and

  10. Safety study: is there a pathologic IGF-1, PDGF and TGF-ß cytokine expression caused by adjunct BMP-7 in tibial and femoral non-union therapy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fischer C

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Christian Fischer,1 Christian Reiner,2 Gerhard Schmidmaier,1 Julian Doll,1 Christopher Child,3 Paul Alfred Grützner,4 Bahram Biglari,4 Sonja Boxriker,5 Arash Moghaddam5 1Center for Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, HTRG – Heidelberg Trauma Research Group, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Paracelsus Medical University, Nuremberg Hospital South, Nuremberg, Germany; 3Department of Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 4Trauma and Orthopedics, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany; 5Center of Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Sport Medicine, ATORG Aschaffenburg-Alzenau, Aschaffenburg, Germany Background: In this prospective safety study, we investigated if the characteristic cytokine expression during bone regeneration is manipulated by the local application of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7 in non-union surgery. Therefore, the levels of insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-1, platelet-derived growth factor AB (PDGF-AB and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β were compared between patients with the gold standard use of autologous bone graft (ABG and those with additional application of BMP-7 as part of the diamond concept.Patients and methods: Between 2009 and 2014, of the 153 patients with tibial and femoral non-unions, a matched pair analysis was performed to compare the serological cytokine expressions. Blood samples were collected preoperatively, 1, 2 and 6 weeks as well as 3 and 6 months after non-union surgery. Matching criteria were smoking status, fracture location, gender, age and body mass index (BMI. Patients in G1 (n=10 were treated with ABG and local BMP-7 while their matching partners in G2 (n=10 received ABG only. The routine clinical and radiologic follow-up was 1 year.Results: Although the IGF-1 quantification in G2 showed higher pre- and postoperative values compared to G1 (p<0.05, the courses of both

  11. Farewell to the Earth and the Moon -ESA's Mars Express successfully tests its instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-07-01

    The routine check-outs of Mars Express's instruments and of the Beagle-2 lander, performed during the last weeks, have been very successful. "As in all space missions little problems have arisen, but they have been carefully evaluated and solved. Mars Express continues on its way to Mars performing beautifully", comments Chicarro. The views of the Earth/Moon system were taken on 3 July 2003 by Mars Express's High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), when the spacecraft was 8 million kilometres from Earth. The image taken shows true colours; the Pacific Ocean appears in blue, and the clouds near the Equator and in mid to northern latitudes in white to light grey. The image was processed by the Instrument Team at the Institute of Planetary Research of DLR, Berlin (Germany). It was built by combining a super resolution black and white HRSC snap-shot image of the Earth and the Moon with colour information obtained by the blue, green, and red sensors of the instrument. “The pictures and the information provided by the data prove the camera is working very well. They provide a good indication of what to expect once the spacecraft is in its orbit around Mars, at altitudes of only 250-300 kilometres: very high resolution images with brilliant true colour and in 3D,” says the Principal Investigator of the HRSC, Gerhard Neukum, of the Freie Universität of Berlin (Germany). This camera will be able to distinguish details of up to 2 metres on the Martian surface. Another striking demonstration of Mars Express's instruments high performance are the data taken by the OMEGA spectrometer. Once at Mars, this instrument will provide the best map of the molecular and mineralogical composition of the whole planet, with 5% of the planetary surface in high resolution. Minerals and other compounds such as water will be charted as never before. As the Red Planet is still too far away, the OMEGA team devised an ingenious test for their instrument: to detect the Earth’s surface

  12. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aisha Khan; Callaloo Nation: Metaphors of Race and Religious Identity among South Asians in Trinidad (Kevin Birth Frances Henry; Reclaiming African Religions in Trinidad: The Socio-Political Legitimation of the Orisha and Spiritual Baptist Faiths (Alfrieta Parks Monagan Margarite Fernámdez Olmos, Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert; Creole Religions of the Caribbean: An Introduction from Vodou and Santería to Obeah and Espiritismo (Raquel Romberg Johan Wedel; Santería Healing: A Journey into the Afro-Cuban World of Divinities, Spirits, and Sorcery (Raquel Romberg Gerard Aching; Masking and Power: Carnival and Popular Culture in the Caribbean (Stephen Stuempfle James Pritchard; In Search of Empire: The French in the Americas, 1670-1730 (Brett H. Rusforth Gerhard Menzel; Der schwarze Traum vom Glück: Haiti seit 1804 (Michael Zeuske Marcus Rediker; Villains of all Nations: Atlantic Pirates in the Golden Age (Dian Murray Joseph E. Inikori; Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England: A Study in International Trade and Economic Development (Richard Drayton Fernando Picó; Puerto Rico 1898: The War after the War (Mariola Espinosa Luis Martínez-Fernández; Protestantism and Political Conflict in the Nineteenth-Century Hispanic Caribbean (Michael Zeuske Gabino La Rosa Corzo; Runaway Slave Settlements in Cuba: Resistance and Repression (Daniel O. Sayers Bonham C. Richardson; Igniting the Caribbean?s Past: Fire in British West Indian History (Kenneth H. Orvis Bridget Brereton (ed., Theresa Martínez-Vergne, Rnené A. Römer, Blanca G. Silvestrini (co.eds; General History of the Caribbean. Volume V: The Caribbean in the Twentieth Century (Gert Oostindie Perry Mars, Alma H. Young (eds; Caribbean Labor and Politics: Legacies of Cheddi Jagan and Michael Manley (O. Nigel Bolland Euclid A. Rose; Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean (Obika Gray Bill Schwarz (ed.; West Indian Intellectuals in

  13. CHAIRMEN'S FOREWORD: The Seventh International Conference on New Phenomena in Mesoscopic Structures & The Fifth International Conference on Surfaces and Interfaces of Mesoscopic Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyagi, Yoshinobu; Goodnick, Stephen M.

    2006-05-01

    , non-equilibrium transport, instabilities, nano-electro-mechanical systems, mesoscopic Josephson effects, phase coherence and breaking, and the Kondo effect •Systems of nanodevices: Quantum cellular automata, systolic SET processors, quantum neural nets, adaptive effects in circuits, and molecular circuits •Nanomaterials: nanotubes, nanowires, organic and molecular materials, self-assembled nano wires, and organic devices •Nanobioelectronics: electronic properties of biological structures on the nanoscale. This year's conference was organized by Prof Stephen Goodnick, Arizona State University, and Prof Yoshinobu Aoyagi, Tokyo Institute of Technology. The conference benefited from 14 invited speakers, whose topics spanned the above list, and a total of 97 registered attendees. The largest contingent was from Japan, followed closely by the US. In total, there were 49 from Japan, 31 fiom the US, and 17 from Europe. The organizers want to especially thank the sponsors for the meeting: The Office of Naval Research, the Army Research Office, and Arizona State University on the US side, and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, through their 151 Committee, on the Japanese side. PROGRAM COMMITTEE •Prof Gerhard Abstreiter, Technical University of Munich •Prof Tsuneya Ando, Tokyo Institute of Technology •Prof John Barker, University of Glasgow •Prof Jonathan Bird, the University at Buffalo •Prof Robert Blick, University of Wisconsin •Prof David Ferry, Chair, Arizona State University •Dr Yoshiro Hirayama, NTT Basic Research Laboratories •Dr Koji Ishibashi, RIKEN •Prof Carlo Jacoboni, University of Modena •Prof David Janes, Purdue University •Prof Friedl Kuchar, University of Leoben •Prof K. Matsumoto, Osaka University •Prof Wolfgang Porod, Notre Dame University •Prof Michiharu Tabe, Shizuoka University •Prof Joachim Wolter, Eindhoven Institute of Technology •Prof Lukas Worschech, University of Würzburg •Dr Naoki Yokoyama, Fujitsu

  14. Picturing continuity. The beginnings of the portrait gallery of Cracow bishops in the cloisters of the Franciscan friary in Cracow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof J. Czyżewski

    2017-12-01

    not only as an illustration of the lineage of diocesan bishops, but also as an eternal synod in session deliberating over the problems of the Cracow Church. If we consider the paintings in the light of the article of faith on the communion of saints, they may be seen as depicting not only symbolically the fellowship of the living head of the Cracow Church with all the bishops that preceded him on the way to Salvation. Oleśnicki, who instituted Eucharistic processions held in the walks of the Franciscan cloister, by participating in them together with the clergy and lay people became part of the pilgrimaging Church, whereas the saints depicted on walls and the bishops seated in their company represented the Church triumphant. Of key importance is the fact that the cloister walks were traditionally used as burial place. On All Souls’ Day they were visited by processions of the faithful during which prayers were said for the salvation of those whose souls were still in Purgatory, i.e. for the suffering Church. The paintings can also be understood as a kind of apotheosis of the Cracow Church. We have tried to show the cycle of portraits of local Bishops in the Franciscan monastery in Cracow, as a part of the long tradition which reaches back to late antiquity. Although the placement of these images on the walls of the cloister has no antecedents, they were presented as a timeless family. Agreeing with the opinion of Truus van Bueren and Otto Gerhard Oexle, also for Cracow cycle the notions: Tradition, Sukzession, and Memoria are fundamental.

  15. Short circuit - How our power supply became more expensive and got worse. A critical balance after eight years ''deregulation'' of the German Energy Economy; Kurzschluss - Wie unsere Stromversorgung teurer und schlechter wurde. Eine kritische Bilanz nach acht Jahren ''Liberalisierung'' der deutschen Energiewirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leuschner, U.

    2007-07-01

    verursachte. Wie Leuschner feststellt, waere der Schaltungsfehler der EON-Netzleitstelle Lehrte vor ein paar Jahren noch vom System toleriert worden. Er habe nur deshalb so gravierende Folgen haben koennen, weil das UCTE-Netz inzwischen durch den Stromhandel und andere Folgen der Deregulierung bis an die Grenzen seiner Kapazitaet belastet sei. Im dritten Teil (''Netznutzung und Netzentgelte'') beleuchtet er in einem zusaetzlichen Kapitel die Bemuehungen der EU-Kommission, doch noch die Rahmenbedingungen fuer echten Wettbewerb herzustellen. Die neueste Forderung der Kommission nach eigentumsmaessiger Entflechtung der Netze deutet er als ''Flucht nach vorn'' angesichts der Tatsache, dass in saemtlichen EU-Laendern seit der Liberalisierung die Strompreise gestiegen sind und das zum Teil sogar ueber die Haelfte (mit der einzigen Ausnahme Englands, und hier auch nur der Haushaltsstrompreise). Kraeftig erweitert hat der Verfasser auch den vierten Teil zum Thema ''Management und Politik'': Zum einen findet man hier nun beschrieben, wie Ex-Bundeskanzler Gerhard Schroeder einen Spitzenjob beim russischen Energiekonzern Gazprom erhielt, dem er bereits in seiner Amtszeit als Bundeskanzler politisch behilflich war, und wie sein ehemaliger Wirtschaftsminister Wolfgang Clement in den Aufsichtsrat von RWE Power einziehen durfte. Zum anderen wird ein kritischer Blick auf die Werbekampagnen geworfen, mit denen die Energiekonzerne versuchen, ihr Erscheinungsbild in der Oeffentlichkeit aufzuhellen und den Energieverbrauchern ein X fuer ein U vorzumachen. (orig.)

  16. Editorial: Media Education: Stand der Medienpädagogik im internationalen Raum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Moser

    2006-08-01

    avanciert sei wie in anderen englischsprachigen Länder (z.B. in Grossbritannien, Kanada und Australien. Für Österreich betonen Ingrid Paus-Hasebrink und Brigitte Hipfl, dass es eine Vielzahl von Angeboten und Konzepten gebe, aber dass dennoch eine institutionelle Verstärkung notwendig sei. Das von mehreren Autoren aufgespannte Kaleidoskop in acht Bildern belegt sowohl diese Vielfalt, stellt aber implizit auch die Frage nach der Konzentration und weiteren theoretischen Fundierung. Mit dieser Problematik steigt auch Gerhard Tulodziecki ein, wenn er auf die ausserordentlich grosse Begriffsvielfalt aufmerksam macht, welche in der Medienpädagogik vorherrschend ist. Dennoch macht sein Beitrag auch deutlich, dass mit den bescheidenen Mitteln, über welche die Medienpädagogik verfügt, auch einiges erreicht wurde – und dass sich weitere Chancen bieten, wenn die Entwicklungen im Medienbereich konstruktiv aufgenommen werden.

  17. Effect of boundary conditions on measured water retention behavior within soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galindo-torres, S.; Scheuermann, A.; Pedroso, D.; Li, L.

    2013-12-01

    conducted to examine how the fluids are distributed inside the porous medium. This distribution is quantified by the measurement of the interfacial area which behaves also differently between the two configurations. Hassanizadeh proposed an unique relation among saturation, suction and interfacial area, which has been validated experimentally [4]. However we found that such relation is not 'unique' and instead depends on the flow and boundary conditions. While future experimental tests on these results need to be carried out, the simulated SWCC behaviors raise serious questions about the current experimental set-up for measuring the soil water retention characteristics. References. 1. Serrano, S.E., Modeling infiltration with approximate solutions to Richard's equation. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 2004. 9(5): p. 421-432. 2. Galindo-Torres, S.A., et al., A Lattice Boltzmann model for studying transient effects during imbibition-drainage cycles in unsaturated soils. Computer Physics Communications, 2013. 184(4): p. 1086-1093. 3. Drake, S.S., D.M. O'Carroll, and J.I. Gerhard, Wettability contrasts between fresh and weathered diesel fuels. Journal of contaminant hydrology, 2012. 4. Culligan, K.A., et al., Interfacial area measurements for unsaturated flow through a porous medium. Water Resources Research, 2004. 40(12).

  18. Energy for Rhineland-Palatinate. Safety and sustainability as aim for economy, science and policy. 2. rev. ed.; Energie fuer Rheinland-Pfalz. Sicherheit und Nachhaltigkeit als Ziele fuer Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaumann, Gunter; Weingarten, Joe (eds.)

    2009-07-01

    - Chances for a worth living and charming Rhineland-Palatinate (Christian Hinsch, Matthias Willenbacher); (19) Energy report Rheinhessen-Nahe - Planning community Rheinhessen-Nahe goes new ways (Jamill Sabbagh); (20) The Donnersberger Energy Concept (DENK) - On the way to energy autonomy and 'Citizen forum energy' (Uwe Welker); (21) Zero-Emission-Village association community Weilerbach: A comprehensive approach for the transformation of renewable energy projects in municipalities (Ottmar Paulus); (22) A good idea of full power: Grimburg gets independent in the case of heat and power (Werner Hitschler); (23) Protection of climate - Reduction of costs - Enhancement of the governmental support and living comfort (Uwe Abel); (24) Spectrum of offers of German offerers of exportable technologies and services for energy efficiency (Stefan Herzog); (25) Technologies for energy efficiency in small and medium-sized companies (Rolf Simon); (26) Power supply and interests of consumers (Hans Weinruter); (27) More energy efficiency in buildings (Michael Coridass); (28) From 3-litre-building to a building without heating costs (Karl Arenz); (28) W.I.N.{sup E} - An efficient heating in great rooms (Christine Kuebler); (29) Utilization of efficient energy and climate protection as a task of the craftsmanship (Guenther Tartter); (30) Enhancement of the energy efficiency by optimizing the building envelope and enhancement of the technical building equipment (Hermann Heinrich, Oliver Rechenbach, Nicole Weyand); (31) The power strategy of the regional company LBB (Stefan Grosshans); (32) Traffic political measures for energy conservation (Gerhard Harmeling); (33) Energy efficiency and alternative drives of future models of Opel (Guenter Schwarz); (34) Energy policy in future radar 2030: Targets and procedure of ZIRP (Joe Weingarten); (35) Energy for Rhineland-Palatinate: Statistical data and diagrams (Sebastian Langguth).

  19. Efficacy, tolerability, and safety of an oral enzyme combination vs diclofenac in osteoarthritis of the knee: results of an individual patient-level pooled reanalysis of data from six randomized controlled trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ueberall MA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Michael A Ueberall,1 Gerhard HH Mueller-Schwefe,2 Rainer Wigand,3 Ute Essner4 1Institute of Neurological Sciences, Nuremberg, 2Interdisciplinary Center for Pain and Palliative Care Medicine, Göppingen, 3Interdisciplinary Center for Rheumatology and Immunology, Frankfurt, 4O.Meany Consultancy, Hamburg, Germany Objective: To compare efficacy, safety, and tolerability of an oral enzyme combination (OEC containing proteolytic enzymes and bioflavonoid vs diclofenac (DIC, a nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee.Materials and methods: This was an individual patient-level pooled reanalysis of patient-reported data from prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group studies in adult patients with moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis of the knee treated for at least 3 weeks with OEC or DIC. Appropriate trials were identified with a systemic literature and database search. Data were extracted from the original case-report forms and reanalyzed by a blinded evaluation committee. The primary end point was the improvement of the Lequesne algofunctional index (LAFI score at study end vs baseline. Secondary end points addressed LAFI response rates, treatment-related pain-intensity changes, adverse events, and laboratory parameters.Results: Six trials were identified that enrolled in total 774 patients, of whom 759 had postbaseline data for safety analysis, 697 (n=348/349 with OEC/DIC for intent to treat, 524 for per protocol efficacy analysis, and 500 for laboratory evaluation. LAFI scores – the primary efficacy end point – decreased comparably with both treatments and improved with both ­treatments significantly vs baseline (OEC 12.6±2.4 to 9.1±3.9, DIC 12.7±2.4 to 9.1±4.2, effect size 0.9/0.88; P<0.001 for each. In parallel, movement-related 11-point numeric rating-scale pain intensity improved significantly (P<0.001 and comparably with both treatments from baseline (6.4±1.9/6.6±1.8 to

  20. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Waterson

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available - Donald F. Barr, J. Noorduyn, A critical survey of studies on the languages of Sulawesi, Leiden: KITLV Press, (Bibliographical Series 18, 1991, xiv + 245 pp., maps, index. - J. Boneschansker, H. Reenders, Alternatieve zending, Ottho Gerhard Heldring (1804-1876 en de verbreiding van het christendom in Nederlands-Indië, Kampen, 1991. - H.J.M. Claessen, Albert B. Robillard, Social change in the Pacific Islands. London & New York: Kegan Paul International. 1992, 507 pp. Maps, bibl. - Will Derks, J.J. Ras, Variation, transformation and meaning: Studies on Indonesian literatures in honour of A. Teeuw, Leiden: KITLV Press, (VKI 144, 1991, 236 pp., S.O. Robson (eds. - Will Derks, G.L. Koster, In deze tijd maar nauwelijks te vinden; De Maleise roman van hofjuffer Tamboehan, Vertaald uit het Maleis en ingeleid door G.L. Koster en H.M.J. Maier, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991, 174 pp., H.M.J. Maier (eds. - Mark Durie, C.D. Grijns, Jakarta Malay: a multi-dimensional approach to spacial variation. 2 vols., Leiden: KITLV Press, ( VKI 149, 1991. - Jan Fontein, Jan J. Boeles, The secret of Borobudur, Bangkok, privately published, 1985, 90 pp. + appendix, 29 pp. - M. Heins, L. Suryadinata, Military ascendancy and political culture: A study of Indonesia’s Golkar. Ohio: Ohio University, Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no.85, 1989, xiii + 223 pp. - V.J.H. Houben, Ismail Hussein, Antara dunia Melayu dengan dunia kebangsaan. Bangi: penerbit Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia 1990, 68 pp. - Victor T. King, Aruna Gopinath, Pahang 1880-1933: A political history (Monograph/Malaysian branch of the royal Asiatic society, 18. - G.J. Knaap, J. van Goor, Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, IX: 1729-1737 (Rijks Geschiedkundige publicatiën, grote serie 205. ‘s- Gravenhage: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1988, xii + 895 p. - Otto D. van den Muijzenberg, John S. Furnivall, The

  1. Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sally C.; Gallagher, Andrew

    2012-03-01

    List of contributors; Foreword J. T. Francis Thackeray; 1. African genesis: an evolving paradigm Sally C. Reynolds; 2. Academic genealogy Peter Ungar and Phillip V. Tobias; Part I. In Search of Origins: Evolutionary Theory, New Species, and Paths into the Past: 3. Speciation in hominin evolution Colin Groves; 4. Searching for a new paradigm for hominid origins in Chad (Central Africa) Michel Brunet; 5. From hominoid arboreality to hominid bipedalism Brigitte Senut; 6. Orrorin and the African ape/hominid dichotomy Martin Pickford; 7. A brief history and results of 40 years of Sterkfontein excavations Ronald J. Clarke; Part II. Hominin Morphology Through Time: Brains, Bodies and Teeth: 8. Hominin brain evolution, 1925-2011: an emerging overview Dean Falk; 9. The issue of brain reorganisation in Australopithecus and early hominids: Dart had it right Ralph L. Holloway; 10. The mass of the human brain: is it a spandrel? Paul R. Manger, Jason Hemingway, Muhammad Spocter and Andrew Gallagher; 11. Origin and diversity of early hominin bipedalism Henry M. McHenry; 12. Forelimb adaptations in Australopithecus afarensis Michelle S. M. Drapeau; 13. Hominin proximal femur morphology from the Tugen Hills to Flores Brian G. Richmond and William L. Jungers; 14. Daily rates of dentine formation and root extension rates in Paranthropus boisei, KNM-ER 1817, from Koobi Fora, Kenya M. Christopher Dean; 15. On the evolutionary development of early hominid molar teeth and the Gondolin Paranthropus molar Kevin L. Kuykendall; 16. Digital South African fossils: morphological studies using reference-based reconstruction and electronic preparation Gerhard W. Weber, Philipp Gunz, Simon Neubauer, Philipp Mitteroecker and Fred L. Bookstein; Part III. Modern Human Origins: Patterns, and Processes: 17. Body size in African Middle Pleistocene Homo Steven E. Churchill, Lee R. Berger, Adam Hartstone-Rose and Headman Zondo; 18. The African origin of recent humanity Milford H. Wolpoff and Sang-Hee Lee

  2. Acceptability and feasibility of mHealth and community-based directly observed antiretroviral therapy to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in South African pregnant women under Option B+: an exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nachega JB

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Jean B Nachega,1,2 Donald Skinner,3 Larissa Jennings,4 Jessica F Magidson,5 Frederick L Altice,6 Jessica G Burke,7 Richard T Lester,8 Olalekan A Uthman,9,10 Amy R Knowlton,11 Mark F Cotton,12 Jean R Anderson,13 Gerhard B Theron14 1Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Centre for Infectious Diseases, and ACTG Clinical Trial Unit (CTU/Family Clinical Research Unit (FAMCRU, 3Research on Health and Society, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Studies, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; 4Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, 5Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 6Division of Infectious Diseases, AIDS Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 7Department of Behavioral and Community Health, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; 8Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 9Warwick Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery (WCAHRD, Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, The University of Warwick, Coventry, UK; 10Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; 11Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; 12Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; 13Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; 14Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch

  3. Tool-Based Curricula and Visual Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragica Vasileska

    2013-12-01

    representative of ACUTE isSCHRED, which has 97 citations in research papers and is themost popular tool on nanoHUB.org.Surveys were collected from three courses offered at ArizonaState University. These courses were: EEE434/591, the QuantumMechanics class offered in the fall 2007; EEE 101 EngineeringDesign, offered in the spring 2008; and EEE533 SemiconductorManuscript received 2 December 2013. Received in revised form 25December 2013. Accepted for publication 26 December 2013.This work was financially supported from NSF Grant under grant No. NSFECS 0901251 is also acknowledged.This work was presented at the 9th, European conference on e-Learning(2010.Dragica Vasileska is with the Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ USA(phone: +1-480-965-6651; e-mail: Vasileska@asu.edu.Gerhard Klimeck is with Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN USA (email:gekco@purdue.edu.A. Magana is with Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN USA (e-mail:admagana@purdue.edu.S. M. Goodnick is with the Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ USA (email:stephen.goodnick@asu.edu.Device and Process Simulation, offered in the fall 2009. Thestudy consisted of students participating in a voluntary Likertscalesurvey that focused on: Learning outcomes, Evidence of thelearning, Pedagogical approach and Usability aspects. Inparticular, the survey investigated how intuitive the tools are.The results of the study identified differences in the waystudents perceived the nanoHUB.org simulation tools. Graduateand undergraduate students reported more positive experienceswith nanoHUB.org simulations than freshman students did.Potential explanations for these differences are: a freshmanstudents have not fully developed graphical literacy skills; bstudents may lack the prior knowledge required at the time theyinteract with the tool; and c students may lack interests in thetopic and have not yet seen the value of how these tools can beapplied toward their own learning goals. A potential support toovercome some of these difficulties may

  4. Europe goes to Mars - preparations are well under way

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    -mail: psri@open.ac.uk HRSC (High/Super Resolution Stereo Camera), Gerhard Neukum, DLR, Institut für Planetenerkundung, Berlin, Germany, tel. +49 30 67055 300, fax. +49 30 67055 303, e-mail: gerhard.neukum@dlr.de MaRS (Radio Science Experiment), Martin Pätzold, University of Cologne, Germany, tel. +49 221 4703385, fax. +49 221 4705198, e-mail: paetzold@geo.uni-koeln.de MARSIS (Subsurface Sounding Radar/Altimeter), Giovanni Picardi, University of Rome, Italy, tel. +39 06 44585455, fax. +39 06 4873300, e-mail: picar@infocom.ing.uniroma1.it OMEGA (IR Mineralogical Mapping Spectrometer), Jean-Pierre Bibring, Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, Orsay, France, tel. +33 1 69858686, fax. +33 1 69858675, e-mail: bibring@ias.u-psud.fr PFS (Planetary Fourier Spectrometer), Vittorio Formisano, Istituto Fisica Spazio Interplanetario, Rome, Italy, tel. +39 6 49934362, fax. +39 6 49934383, e-mail: formisan@nike.ifsi.rm.cnr.it SPICAM (UV and IR Atmospheric Spectrometer), Jean-Loup Bertaux, Service d'Aéronomie, Verrières-le-Buisson, France, tel. +33 1 64474251, fax. +33 1 6920299, e-mail: jean-loup.bertaux@aerov.jussieu.fr. Additional contact: Christian Muller, Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy. B.USOC earth observations coordination, Avenue Circulaire, 3, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium, tel. +32-2-3730372, fax: +32-2-3748423, e- mail: Christian.Muller@oma.be

  5. 13th National Congress of the South African Society of Psychiatrists, 20-23 September 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Allers

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available List of abstacts and authors: 1. Integrating the art and science of psychiatry Eugene Allers 2. Chronic pain as a predictor of outcome in an inpatient Psychiatric population Eugene Allers and Gerhard Grundling 3. Recent advances in social phobia Christer Allgulander 4. Clinical management of patients with anxiety disorders Christer Allgulander 5. Do elephants suffer from Schizophrenia? (Or do the Schizophrenias represent a disorder of self consciousness? A Southern African perspective Sean Exner Baumann 6. Long term maintenance treatment of Bipolar Disorder: Preventing relapse Charles L. Bowden 7. Predictors of response to treatments for Bipolar Disorder Charles L. Bowden 8. Aids/HIV knowledge and high risk behaviour: A Geo-graphical comparison in a schizophrenia population P Buckley, S van Vuuren, L Koen, J E Muller, C Seller, H Lategan, D J H Niehaus 9. Does Marijuana make you go mad? David J Castle 10. Understanding and management of Treatment Resistant Schizophrenia David J Castle 11. Workshop on research and publishing David J Castle 12. From victim to victor: Without a self-help book Beatrix Jacqueline Coetzee 13. The evaluation of the Gender Dysphoric patient Franco Colin 14. Dissociation: A South African model A M Dikobe, C K Mataboge, L M Motlana, B F Sokudela, C Kruger 15. Designated smoking rooms...and other "Secret sins" of psychiatry: Tobacco cessation approaches in the severely mentally ill Charl Els 16. Dual diagnosis: Implications for treatment and prognosis Charl Els 17. Body weight, glucose metabolism and the new generation antipsychotics Robin Emsley 18. Neurological abnormalities in first episode Schizophrenia: Temporal stability and clinical and outcome correlates Robin Emsley, H Jadri Turner, Piet P Oosthuizen, Jonathan Carr 19. Mythology of depressive illnesses among Africans Senathi Fisha 20. Substance use and High school dropout Alan J. Flisher, Lorraine Townsend, Perpetual Chikobvu, Carl Lombard, Gary King 21. Psychosis

  6. Ενδείξεις για τη διάρκεια των χερσαίων ταξιδιών και μετακινήσεων στο Βυζάντιο (6ος-11ος αιώνας

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ι. ΔΗΜΗΤΡΟΥΚΑΣ

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available   I. DimitroukasAngaben über die Dauer der Landreisen und Bewegungen in Byzanz (6.- 11. Jh. Im Rahmen der vorliegenden Untersuchung wurden die Landreisenzeiten in Byzanz vom Anfang des 6. bis in die Mitte des 11. Jh.s eingehend erörtert. Zu den Faktoren, die auf die Reisegeschwindigkeit entscheidenden Einfluß ausübten, gehörten die Absicht des Reisenden, die naturräumlichen und klimatischen Voraussetzungen, die jeweilige militärisch-politische Situation, die Benutzung von gepflasterten Straßen oder Maultierwegen, die Reisemittel, die auch vom (privaten oder offiziellen Charakter der Reise abhängig waren und die Art der Reise (einzeln bzw. in mehr oder weniger kleinen oder großen Gruppen. Die auf sechs Gruppen verteilten Reisen weisen sämtlich ein breites Spektrum von Zeiten auf, weshalb die Berechnung von Mittelwerten äußerst problematisch ist. Weniger gilt dies für Reisen einer und derselben Gruppe. Mit Hilfe solcher Erfahrungswerte konnte der Regierungsapparat, aber auch das einfache Volk Unternehmungen, Umzüge und Reisen mit ziemlicher Genauigkeit vorplanen und erfolgreich durchführen bzw. durchführen lassen. Im allgemeinen können folgende Schlüsse gezogen werden: Bei Privatreisen -dazu gehörten auch die Pilgerreisen- und Truppenbewegungen wurde allgemein sehr langsam und geruhsam gereist, außer wenn es bestimmte Gründe für das Gegenteil gab. Eine 15 km-Tagesleistung galt noch in der Zeit Justinians als normal für das Heer (";;;iter iustum";;;. Vergleichbare Leistungen werden bei Verbannungen berühmter Sträflinge (wie z. B. des Theodoros Studites festgestellt. Unter den dienstlich Reisenden reisten Gesandte, insbesondere die sog. ";;;Großgesandten";;;, die von einer zahlreichen Dienerschaft begleitet wurden, am langsamsten. Weniger wichtige und deshalb zahlenmäßig kleinere Delegationen und Delegationen, die zeitbefristete Aufträge durchführten, erreichten zeitweise Leistungen, die der ";;;Tagesleistung eines r

  7. Tribute to Sun Kwok

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leung, Kam Ching

    2016-01-01

    winds theory which revolutionized our understanding of the evolution of planetary nebulae. After he joined the University of Calgary, he collaborated with Bruce Hrivnak to discover many proto-planetary nebulae, the then missing link between asymptotic giant branch and planetary nebulae. Together with his former graduate student Kevin Volk, he analyzed the spectra obtained from the Low Resolution Spectrometer of the IRAS satellite and discovered the mysterious 21 micron emission feature, a feature that is still unidentified to this date. Through his work on millimeter-wave and infrared spectroscopy, Sun promoted the idea that evolved stars are prolific molecular factories. In addition to molecules and minerals, he suggested that evolved stars are also producing complex organics. His paper in Nature in 2004 demonstrated that organic synthesis in the late stages of stellar evolution can contaminate the chemical content of the Galaxy and can even affect the chemical composition of the primordial solar system. In addition to publishing in scientific journals, Sun has also written numerous articles in popular science magazines and given public talks to general audience all over the world. His two popular science books Cosmic Butterflies (Cambridge 2001) and Stardust: the cosmic seeds of life (Springer 2013) are extremely successful in the amateur astronomy communities. Sun is a dedicated teacher. He invested a great deal of efforts in his teaching. From the notes he developed over 20 years, he wrote the textbook Physics and Chemistry of the Interstellar Medium (University Science Books 2006). This book is now widely used all over the world, including leading universities such as Caltech. Sun has also been active in international service, having served as President of the IAU Working Group of Planetary Nebulae, President of IAU Commission 34 Interstellar Matter, and is the current President of IAU Commission F3 Astrobiology. Sun returned to Hong Kong in 2006 to take up the

  8. Soils and Global Change in the Carbon Cycle over Geological Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retallack, G. J.

    2003-12-01

    Soils play an important role in the carbon cycle as the nutrition of photosynthesized biomass. Nitrogen fixed by microbes from air is a limiting nutrient for ecosystems within the first flush of ecological succession of new ground, and sulfur can limit some components of wetland ecosystems. But over the long term, the limiting soil nutrient is phosphorus extracted by weathering from minerals such as apatite (Vitousek et al., 1997a; Chadwick et al., 1999). Life has an especially voracious appetite for common alkali (Na+ and K+) and alkaline earth (Ca2+ and Mg2+) cations, supplied by hydrolytic weathering, which is in turn amplified by biological acidification (Schwartzmann and Volk, 1991; see Chapter 5.06). These mineral nutrients fuel photosynthetic fixation and chemical reduction of atmospheric CO2 into plants and plantlike microbes, which are at the base of the food chain. Plants and photosynthetic microbes are consumed and oxidized by animals, fungi, and other respiring microbes, which release CO2, methane, and water vapor to the air. These greenhouse gases absorb solar radiation more effectively than atmospheric oxygen and nitrogen, and are important regulators of planetary temperature and albedo (Kasting, 1992). Variations in solar insolation ( Kasting, 1992), mountainous topography ( Raymo and Ruddiman, 1992), and ocean currents ( Ramstein et al., 1997) also play a role in climate, but this review focuses on the carbon cycle. The carbon cycle is discussed in detail in Volume 8 of this Treatise.The greenhouse model for global paleoclimate has proven remarkably robust (Retallack, 2002), despite new challenges ( Veizer et al., 2000). The balance of producers and consumers is one of a number of controls on atmospheric greenhouse gas balance, because CO2 is added to the air from fumaroles, volcanic eruptions, and other forms of mantle degassing (Holland, 1984). Carbon dioxide is also consumed by burial as carbonate and organic matter within limestones and other

  9. EDITORIAL: Colloidal dispersions in external fields Colloidal dispersions in external fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löwen, Hartmut

    2012-11-01

    , Ojeda-Lopez M A and Arauz-Lara J L 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464126 [31]Leferink op Reinink A B G M, van den Pol E, Byelov D V, Petukhov A V and Vroege G J 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464127 [32]Taylor S L, Evans R and Royall C P 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464128 [33]Toner J, Tu Y H and Ramaswamy S 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464110 [34]Schmitz R and Dünweg B 2005 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 318 170 [35]Cates M E 2012 Rep. Prog. Phys. 75 042601 [36]Tarama M and Ohta T 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464129 [37]Wensink H H and Löwen H 2012 J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24 464130 Colloidal dispersions in external fields contents Colloidal dispersions in external fieldsHartmut Löwen Depletion induced clustering in mixtures of colloidal spheres and fd-virusD Guu, J K G Dhont, G A Vliegenthart and M P Lettinga Advanced rheological characterization of soft colloidal model systemsS Gupta, S K Kundu, J Stellbrink, L Willner, J Allgaier and D Richter Conformational and dynamical properties of ultra-soft colloids in semi-dilute solutions under shear flowSunil P Singh, Dmitry A Fedosov, Apratim Chatterji, Roland G Winkler and Gerhard Gompper Transient dynamics in dense colloidal suspensions under shear: shear rate dependenceM Laurati, K J Mutch, N Koumakis, J Zausch, C P Amann, A B Schofield, G Petekidis, J F Brady, J Horbach, M Fuchs and S U Egelhaaf Force-induced diffusion in microrheologyCh J Harrer, D Winter, J Horbach, M Fuchs and Th Voigtmann Micro-macro-discrepancies in nonlinear microrheology: I. Quantifying mechanisms in a suspension of Brownian ellipsoidsRyan J DePuit and Todd M Squires Micro-macro discrepancies in nonlinear microrheology: II. Effect of probe shapeRyan J DePuit and Todd M Squires Viscosity of electrolyte solutions: a mode-coupling theoryClaudio Contreras-Aburto and Gerhard Nägele Electro-kinetics of charged-sphere suspensions explored by integral low-angle super-heterodyne laser Doppler velocimetryThomas Palberg, Tetyana K

  10. Discovery of a Satellite around a Near-Earth Asteroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-07-01

    In the course of the major observational programme of asteroids by the Institute of Planetary Exploration of the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR) [1] in Berlin, two of the staff astronomers, Stefano Mottola and Gerhard Hahn , have discovered a small satellite (moon) orbiting the asteroid (3671) Dionysus. The new measurements were obtained with the DLR CCD Camera attached at the 60-cm Bochum telescope at the ESO La Silla Observatory in Chile. This is only the second known case of an asteroid with a moon. Moons and planets Until recently, natural satellites were only known around the major planets . The Moon orbits the Earth, there are two tiny moons around Mars, each of the giant planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune has many more, and even the smallest and outermost, Pluto, is accompanied by one [2]. However, the new discovery now strengthens the belief of many astronomers that some, perhaps even a substantial number of the many thousands of minor planets (asteroids) in the solar system may also possess their own moons. The first discovery of a satellite orbiting an asteroid was made by the NASA Galileo spacecraft, whose imagery, obtained during a fly-by of asteroid (253) Ida in August 1993, unveiled a small moon that has since been given the name Dactyl. (3671) Dionysus: an Earth-crossing asteroid In the framework of the DLR asteroid monitoring programme, image sequences are acquired to measure an asteroid's brightness variations caused by the changing amount of sunlight reflected from the asteroid's illuminated surface as it spins, due to its irregular shape. The brightness variations may be used to derive the asteroid's rotational properties, such as speed of rotation and spin axis orientation. Asteroid Dionysus [3] was put on the observing list because it belongs to a special class of asteroids, the members of which occasionally come very close to the Earth and have a small, but non-negligible chance of colliding with our planet. Most of

  11. Sensing at the nanoscale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna; Hierold, Christofer

    2013-11-01

    label-free detection of DNA at concentrations as low as 1-10 fM, a sensitivity comparable to the best signal amplification-assisted electrochemical sensors reported [12]. In another study actin-conjugated gold and silver nanorods are used to detect ATP, a common indicator of cell viability [13]. They show how aggregation induced by ATP-induced polymerization of the G-actin gives rise to a measurable change in the plasmon resonance absorbance of the nanorods. A review of the use of fluorescent silica nanoparticles for biomedical applications is provided by researchers at Dublin City University in Ireland [14]. The first scanning tunnelling microscope in the early 1980s and subsequent scanning probe developments brought the world of nanoscale structures into view in a manner that gorged the imaginations of scientists and the public. New ways of probing structures at this scale revealed a wealth of curious properties that triggered a surge of research activity in nanotechnology, now a multibillion dollar industry. One good turn deserves another and in fact nanostructures provide the perfect tools for the type of sensing and imaging applications that brought such widespread research interest to nanotechnology. This special issue highlights just how broad and innovative the range of sensing nanotechnologies has grown. References [1] Zappa D, Comini E and Sberveglieri G 2013 Thermally-oxidized zinc oxide nanowires chemical sensors Nanotechnology 24 444008 [2] Kemmler J A, Pokhrel S, Mädler L, Weimar U and Barsan N 2013 Flame spray pyrolysis for sensing at the nanoscale Nanotechnology 24 442001 [3] Bache M et al 2013 Nanomechanical recognition of prognostic biomarker suPAR with DVD-ROM optical technology Nanotechnology 24 444011 [4] Hu C-F, Wang J-Y, Liu Y-C, Tsai M-H and Fang W 2013 Development of 3D carbon nanotubes interdigitated finger electrodes on polymer substrate for flexible capacitive sensor application Nanotechnology 24 444006 [5] Neumann C, Volk C, Engels S and

  12. Présentation du volume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Zwitter Vitez

    2012-12-01

    l'interprétation. Le domaine des technologies du langage est exploré par la contribution de Jana Volk qui, se fondant sur les enregistrements authentiques de la parole spontanée, propose une évaluation du système de transcription ToBi. L'analyse des interfaces entre l'oral et l'écrit est introduit par l'étude de Gregory Bennet qui analyse la représentation du rire sur le réseau Twitter et continue par l'analyse de Nives Lenassi examine les éléments du discours parlé dans la correspondance d'affaire. Jacqueline Oven analyse le fonctionnement des particules à l'écrit et à l'oral tandis que l'étude de Mojca Schlamberger Brezar se fonde autour de l'hypothèse que les marqueurs discursifs indiquent le degré de spontanéité dans différentes situations d'énonciation. Les études qui s'articulent autour de l'analyse pragmatique essaient d'intercepter des phénomènes du discours parlé dans des contextes variés : Elenmari Pletikos Olof et Jagoda Poropat Darrer analysent la perception de paroles cérémonielles, Golnaz Nanbakhsh remet en question l'emploi des pronoms de tutoiement et de vouvoiement lors de l'expression de pouvoir, Darinka Verdonik et Zdravko Kačič examinent le rôle des expressions chrétiennes dans les conversations quotidiennes. Tamara Mikolič Južnič aborde le phénomène de la nominalisation et Mojca Smolej présente les spécificités du discours rapporté dans l'échange oral spontané. L'analyse d'Iztok Kosem et de Darinka Verdonik propose les résultats concernant le vocabulaire typique dans le discours public et privé, et l'étude de Juliano Desiderato Antonio et Fernanda Trombini Rahmen Cassim présente certains éléments intrinsèques de l’oral à travers l’optique des relations de cohérence entre les différentes unités textuelles. La relation entre les pratiques langagières et la norme linguistique est étudiée par l’article de Hotimir Tivadar qui remet en question l’établissement de la langue standard sur

  13. Herbeleving en herinterpretatie. Recente literatuur over Nederland en de Tweede Wereldoorlog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Romijn

    1987-01-01

    uren. Omzien naar de bevrijding E. de Roever, Zij sprongen bij maanlicht. De geschiedenis van het Bureau Bijzondere Opdrachten en de agenten, Londen 1944-1945 C. van Rossum, Ommen bevrijd! Een dagboek van de spannende dagen vóór, tijdens en na de bevrijding van Ommen 1945 M.G. Schenk, J.B.Th. Spaan, De koningin sprak. Proclamaties en radiotoespraken van H. M. Koningin Wilhelmina 1940-1945 W. Schoenmaker, T. Postma, Mei 1940. De verdediging van het Nederlandse luchtruim H. van Setten, Opvoeding in volkse geest. Fascisme in het onderwijs 1940-1945 J.H. Sikkes, … In geval van een vijandelijken inval. Ambtelijk gedrag in bezettingstijd en de daarvoor geldende aanwijzingen P. Spanjaard, Het Maasland in de oorlog J.G. Sutherland, Dagboek van mijn krijgsgevangenschap te Neurenberg, Stanislau (Oekraïne en Neu Brandenburg L. van der Tas, Overleven in Dachau. Ervaringen in Duitse gevangenschap A. Tjepkema, J. Walvis, 'Ondergedoken'. Het ondergrondse leven in Nederland tijdens de tweede wereldoorlog G.M.T. Trienekens, Tussen ons volk en de honger. De voedselvoorziening, 1940-1945 W. Veening, Verzetsgroep Zwaantje. Documentaire over het illegale werk van deze groep, die een unieke vluchtroute opzette om velen uit het door de nazi's bezette Nederland te smokkelen R. Vermaas, 1940-1945. Ministerie zonder minister. Impressies over binnenlandse zaken in bezettingstijd A. Vernooij, Grenzen aan gehoorzaamheid. Houding en gedrag van de Utrechtse politie tijdens de Duitse bezetting S. Vincent, J. Ickenroth, 'De laatste loodjes wogen zwaar…'. Reuver en Beesel, bezetting – verzet – bevrijding L.R. van Vliet, Om nooit te vergeten. Authentieke schets van de voormalige Koninklijke Nederlandse brigade 'Prinses Irene'. Met persoonlijke belevenissen, vóór haar oprichting en haar deelname daarná aan de strijd in 1944 J.P. van Vree, Hengelo in oorlogstijd. Wedervaardigheden onder meer opgetekend uit de mond van mr. J. A. H. J. van der Dussen, burgemeester van Hengelo (O van 1937 tot 1951

  14. PREFACE: Water at interfaces Water at interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallo, P.; Rovere, M.

    2010-07-01

    scales. Silicalite and tobermorite, a layered calcio-silicate model of cement and Vycor are analyzed. Gordillo and Martí consider structural and dynamical properties of water confined or close to carbon nanotubes or inside a slit pore of a single graphene sheet. Jedlovszky et al introduce a new method to determine the molecules located right at the boundary of two phases in a computer simulation. The new method is applied to the analysis of the interface of water with different apolar phases. Melchionna et al consider phenomena related to water in contact with thermophilic protein interfaces. In particular, they discuss the role of water in stabilizing these proteins. Rotenberg et al report results on the structure and dynamics of water at a clay surface. They analyze, in particular, the influence on the H-bond network of the surface oxygens and ions and investigate the surface H-bond formation and dissociation dynamics. Smirnov and Bougeard present examples of the spatial organization of molecules and of the short- and long-time dynamical behaviour of water confined in the pores of crystalline aluminosilicates, such as zeolites and clays, and in nanostructured materials. The last group opens with Sulpizi and Sprik who present density functional calculations of the dissociation constant of liquid water, implemented with a proton insertion/removal method. Jung and Marcus consider, more specifically, the properties of water in organic catalysis and discuss theoretical models and results obtained with quantum mechanical calculations. As organizers of the CECAM workshop 'Modeling and Simulation of Water at Interfaces from Ambient to Supercooled Conditions' we would like to thank CECAM, ESF-Simbioma, Wanda Andreoni, Emilie Bernard and Jordi Brusa. As guest editors of this special issue we would like to thank Gerhard Kahl and Philip Semple.

  15. Experimental methods for screening parameters influencing the growth to product yield (Y(x/CH4 of a biological methane production (BMP process performed with Methanothermobacter marburgensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sébastien Bernacchi

    2014-12-01

    simple, unstructured mathematical model and experimental verification with Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Biotechnol Bioeng 51: 645-658.12. Peillex JP, Fardeau ML, Belaich JP (1990 Growth of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum on hydrogen-carbon dioxide: high methane productivities in continuous culture. Biomass 21:315-321.13. Nishimura N, Kitaura S, Mimura A, et al. (1992 Cultivation of thermophilic methanogen KN-15 on hydrogen-carbon dioxide under pressurized conditions. J Ferment Bioeng 73: 477-480.14. Morii H, Koga Y, Nagai S (1987 Energetic analysis of the growth of Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus A2 in hydrogen-limited continuous cultures. Biotechnol Bioeng 29: 310-315.15. de Poorter LMI, Geerts WJ, Keltjens JT (2007 Coupling of Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus methane formation and growth in fed-batch and continuous cultures under different H2 gassing regimens. Appl Environ Microbiol 73: 740-749.16. Schoenheit P, Moll J, Thauer RK (1980 Growth parameters (Ks, μmax, Ys of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Arch Microbiol 127: 59-65.17. Gerhard E, Butsch BM, Marison IW, et al. (1993 Improved growth and methane production conditions for Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 40: 432-437.18. Seifert AH, Rittmann S, Bernacchi S, et al. (2013 Method for assessing the impact of emission gasses on physiology and productivity in biological methanogenesis. Bioresour Technol 136:747-751.19. Fardeau ML, Peillex JP, Belaich JP (1987 Energetics of the growth of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum and Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus on ammonium chloride and dinitrogen. Arch Microbiol 148: 128-131.20. Fardeau ML, Belaich JP (1986 Energetics of the growth of Methanococcus thermolithotrophicus. Arch Microbiol 144: 381-385.21. Morgan RM, Pihl TD, Nolling J (1997 Hydrogen regulation of growth, growth yields, and methane gene transcription in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum Delta H. J Bacteriol 179:889-898.22. Archer DB (1985

  16. INTRODUCTION: New trends in simulating colloids and self-assembling systems New trends in simulating colloids and self-assembling systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foffi, Giuseppe; Kahl, Gerhard

    2010-03-01

    University Of Oxford and Athanassios Panagiotopoulos—University Of Princeton) focused on the remarkable ability of colloidal systems to self-organize in well-defined composite objects. New simulation techniques and theoretical approaches were presented and discussed that offer a deeper understanding of self-assembly phenomena in colloidal physics and, eventually to uncover design rules for self-assembly. Particular emphasis was put on an emerging new class of colloidal particles, so-called patchy colloids. The second workshop, entitled 'New Trends in Simulating Colloids: From Models to Applications', (organized by Giuseppe Foffi—Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale De Lausanne, Gerhard Kahl—Vienna Technical University and Richard Vink—Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) focused on new methodological devices in theoretical and simulation approaches that provided a more profound insight in colloidal physics in general. A large variety of theoretical tools, ranging from different simulation techniques over classical density functional theory to efficient optimization techniques were presented. For details about the tools presented in both workshops we refer the reader to the contributions of this special issue. The 'round table' discussion meetings were highly useful in providing an overview of yet unsolved problems and to point out directions for future work. From the phenomenological point of view, among those are the question on the relevance of hydrodynamic interactions, the problem whether to treat solvents in an explicit or implicit way, or the relevance of multibody interactions, to name but a few. With respect to the methods it was agreed that future developments on dynamic Monte Carlo simulations or on rare events and multiscale techniques are urgently required. The presence of the experimentalists was also of great help in focusing attention on the systems that are going to represent the scientific challenges in the next years. It was interesting that while new

  17. Photovoltaic solar energy. Proceedings; Photovoltaische Solarenergie. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    Within the 21st symposium 'Photovoltaic Solar Energy' of the Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut e.V. (Regensburg, Federal Republic of Germany) at Banz Monastery (Bad Staffelstein, Federal Republic of Germany) between 8th and 10th March, 2006, the following lessons were held: (1) Basic conditions for a market support programme in the European context (EEG) (Winfried Hoffmann); (2) Actual developments in the German market of photovoltaics (Gerhard Stryi-Hipp); (3) Become a part of the global economic survey of Task 2 ''PV cost over time'' (Thomas Nordmann); (4) The market of photovoltaic will be a European market in the future (Murray Cameron); (5) Development and state of the art of the photovoltaic industry in the Peoples Republic of China (Frank Haugwitz); (6) Silicon for the photovoltaic industry (Karl Hesse); (7) Cell technology: Impulses for a cost effective photovoltaic with valuable silicon (Rolf Brendel); (8) Thin-film solar modules for the photovoltaic - state of the art and industrial perspectives (Michael Powalla); (9) Modules - bottleneck and flood of orders: How to act an installer? (Helmut Godard); (10) Photovoltaic open-field systems - Actual experiences and conflict lines (Ole Langniss); (11) Comparison of actual and future trends of Balance-of-System costs for large scale ground based PV systems with crystalline and thin-film modules (Manfred Baechler); (12) Financing PX projects from a Bank perspective (Joachim Treder); (13) Criteria of quality for solar fonds - Criteria of evaluation for capital investors and self-commitment for emission houses (Ulla Meixner); (14) Analysis of the distribution pathways for photovoltaic plants from the manufacturer to the final customer considering the decreasing demand and increasing prices (Michael Forst); (15) Solar power 2005 - Evaluation of real operational data of 1,000 plants in Germany (Gerd Heilscher); (16) Improvement of PV-inverter efficiency - targets, pathways

  18. Energy from waste. Vol. 2; Energie aus Abfall. Bd. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thome-Kozmiensky, K.J.; Beckmann, M.

    2007-07-01

    treatment plants with grate firing (Michael Mueck, Werner Hansen, Hans-Peter Alessio); (b) BWV-combustion technology for energy production from waste - a case study: Reno North, line 4. Waste incineration plant with a high effiency (Hans Boegh Andersen); (c) Determination of operational parameters in waste incinerators as a prerequisite for further optimisation (Martin Horeni, Michael Beckmann, Hans Fleischmann, Erhard Barth); (d) Optimization of thermal waste treatment with the INSPECT system by camera based characteristic values and Fuzzy Control (Hubert B. Keller, Joerg Matthes, Holger Schoeenecker, Tristan Krakau); (e) Renewal of process control systems in the waste incineration plant Ruhleben (Thomas Kempin, Henrik Zahn); (f) Fuzzy Control in the waste incineration plant of BSR under consideration of process optimization and economy (Thomas Kempin, Peter Knoop, Henrik Zahn, Christian Gierend). The next chapter 'New plants and extension of plants' contains the following plants: (a) New construction of a waste incinerator in Delfzijl/NL (Matthias Elfers); (b) Replace of waste incinerators at existing sites (Gert Riemenschnieder, Walter Schaefer); (c) Modernisation of the waste-fired cogeneration plant Frankfurt (Gerhard Lohe); (d) Design of plants, supply of fuels and quality control for waste incinerators (Reinhard Schu, Jens Niestroj); (e) Utilization of a water-cooled cooking grate - concept and operating experiences (Werner Auel, Manfred Kuehl); (f) The forward moving combustion grate from Jakob Stiefel GmbH - concept, plants and experiences (Martin Stiefel). The following chapter 'Exhaust gas purification' consists of the following chapters: (a) Does there exist a problem of fine dust or mercury at the waste incineration? (Heidi Foth); (b) Trends in the exhaust gas purification according to the control of the problem of fine dust or mercury - technical solutions (Christoph Mueller, Reiner Stark); (c) Measures and experiments to the reduction of

  19. PREFACE: Symmetries in Science XVI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    -session, topics ranging from theoretical chemistry and molecular physics via fundamental problems in quantum theory to thermodynamics, nonlinear dynamics, soliton theory and finally cosmology, were examined and lively discussed. Nearly all the talks can also be viewed on the conference website. The majority of participants contributed to these Proceedings but some were unable to do so as their results were either previously submitted or published elsewhere. We refer to: · Quesne C 2013, J. Math. Phys. 54, 102102. · Spera M 2013, (Nankai Series in Pure, Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics): 11 Symmetries and Groups in Contemporary Physics: pp. 593-598 Proceedings of the XXIX International Colloquium on Group-Theoretical Methods in Physics Tianjin, China, 20 - 26 August 2012 (World Scientific, Singapore) · Snobl L and Winternitz P 2014, Classification and Identification of Lie Algebras, CRM Monograph Series 33 (Montreal) ISBN-10: 0-8218-4355-9, ISBN-13: 978-0-8218-4355-0 (http://www.ams.org/bookstore?fn=20&arg1=crmmseries&ikey=CRMM-33). Our personal thanks to Daniel and family! Endless support from the Schenk Family who, among other things, sponsored (yet again) the entire conference dinner (including wines and banquet hall) meant that some costs could be alleviated. We could therefore assist various colleagues from economically-weak countries, despite the lack of external funding. A financial deficit meant we would have had to forego the Conference Proceedings, published in previous years by IOP. After long deliberations, and with donations from Gerhard Berssenbrügge, Dr. Dr. Stephan Hauk and Dr. Volker Weisswange, this could be facilitated. We are very grateful to these private donors for their generous and wholehearted support. The staff of Collegium Mehrerau is also to be thanked for their hospitality. Finally, our sincere thanks to Yvette not only for her preparatory work and support during the conference, but also for her persistent interest and help in producing

  20. Impact landing ends SMART-1 mission to the Moon

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    lunar science at a time when the exploration of the Moon is once again getting the world’s interest” said Bernard Foing, ESA SMART-1 Project Scientist. “The measurements by SMART-1 call into question the theories concerning the Moon’s violent origin and evolution,” he added. The Moon may have formed from the impact of a Mars-size asteroid with the Earth 4500 million years ago. “SMART-1 has mapped large and small impact craters, studied the volcanic and tectonic processes that shaped the Moon, unveiled the mysterious poles, and investigated sites for future exploration,” Foing concluded. “ESA’s decision to extend the SMART-1 scientific mission by a further year ( it was initially planned to last only six months around the Moon) allowed the instrument scientists to extensively use a number of innovative observing modes at the Moon,” added Gerhard Schwehm, ESA’s SMART-1 Mission Manager. In addition to plain nadir observations (looking down on the ‘vertical’ line for lunar surveys), they included targeted observations, moon-spot pointing and ‘push-broom’ observations (a technique SMART-1 used to obtain colour images). “This was tough work for the mission planners, but the lunar data archive we are now building is truly impressive.” “SMART-1 has been an enormous success also from a technological point of view,” said Giuseppe Racca, ESA SMART-1 Project Manager. The major goal of the mission was to test an ion engine (solar electric propulsion) in space for the first time for interplanetary travel, and capture a spacecraft into orbit around another celestial body, in combination with gravity assist manoeuvres. SMART-1 also tested future deep-space communication techniques for spacecraft, techniques to achieve autonomous spacecraft navigation, and miniaturised scientific instruments, used for the first time around the Moon. “It is a great satisfaction to see how well the mission achieved its technological objectives, and did great lunar

  1. PREFACE: Complex dynamics of fluids in disordered and crowded environments Complex dynamics of fluids in disordered and crowded environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coslovich, Daniele; Kahl, Gerhard; Krakoviack, Vincent

    2011-06-01

    T Fischer and R L C Vink Lennard-Jones binary mixture in disordered matrices: exploring the mode coupling scenario at increasing confinement P Gallo and M Rovere Static and dynamic contributions to anomalous chain dynamics in polymer blends Marco Bernabei, Angel J Moreno and J Colmenero Anomalous transport of a tracer on percolating clusters Markus Spanner, Felix Höfling, Gerd E Schröder-Turk, Klaus Mecke and Thomas Franosch Long-wavelength anomalies in the asymptotic behavior of mode-coupling theory S K Schnyder, F Höfling, T Franosch and Th Voigtmann Dynamic arrest of colloids in porous environments: disentangling crowding and confinement Jan Kurzidim, Daniele Coslovich and Gerhard Kahl Slow dynamics, dynamic heterogeneities, and fragility of supercooled liquids confined in random media Kang Kim, Kunimasa Miyazaki and Shinji Saito

  2. PREFACE: Nano- and microfluidics Nano- and microfluidics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Karin

    2011-05-01

    microchannels of oscillating width S Braunmüller, L Schmid and T Franke Semiflexible polymer conformation, distribution and migration in microcapillary flows Raghunath Chelakkot, Roland G Winkler and Gerhard Gompper Numerical simulation of tethered DNA in shear flow S Litvinov, X Y Hu and N A Adams Analysis of the fluctuations of a single-tethered, quantum-dot labeled DNA molecule in shear flow K Laube, K Günther and M Mertig Interaction of flexible surface hairs with near-wall turbulence Ch Brücker Development of a shear stress sensor to analyse the influence of polymers on the turbulent wall shear stress Bernardo Nottebrock, Sebastian Große and Wolfgang Schröder Small-scale particle advection, manipulation and mixing: beyond the hydrodynamic scale Arthur V Straube Microfluidic emulsion separation—simultaneous separation and sensing by multilayer nanofilm structures P Uhlmann, F Varnik, P Truman, G Zikos, J-F Moulin, P Müller-Buschbaum and M Stamm Filtration at the microfluidic level: enrichment of nanoparticles by tunable filters M Boettcher, S Schmidt, A Latz, M S Jaeger, M Stuke and C Duschl Nanoscale structures and dynamics of a boundary liquid layer M Walz, S Gerth, P Falus, M Klimczak, T H Metzger and A Magerl

  3. The 15th Biannual National Congress of the South African Society of Psychiatrists, 10-14 August 2008, Fancourt, George, W Cape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Allers

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available 1. How can we maintain a sustainable private practice in the current political and economic climate? Eugene Allers 2. SASOP Clinical guidelines, protocols and algorithms: Development of treatment guidelines for bipolar mood disorder and major depression  Eugene Allers, Margaret Nair, Gerhard Grobler 3. The revolving door phenomenon in psychiatry: Comparing low-frequency and high-frequency users of psychiatric inpatient services in a developing country U A Botha, P Oosthuien, L Koen, J A Joska, J Parker, N Horn 4. Neurophysiology of emotion and senses - The interface between psyche and soma Eugene Allers 5. Suicide prevention: From and beyond the psychiatrist's hands O Alonso Betanourt, M Morales Herrera 6. Treatment of first-episod psychosis: Efficacy and toleabilty of a long-acting typical antipsychotic B Chiliza, R Schoeman, R Emsey, P Oosthuizen, L KOen, D Niehaus, S Hawkridge 7. Treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the young child Helen Clark 8. Holistic/ Alternative treatment in psychiatry: The value of indigenous knowledge systems in cllaboration with moral, ethical and religious approaches in the military services J Dill 9. Treating Schizophrenia: Have we got it wrong? Robin Emsley 10.Terminal questions in the elderly Mike Ewart Smith 11. Mental Health Policy development and implementation in Ghana, South Africa, Uganda and Zambia Alan J Flisher, Crick Lund, Michelle Frank, Arvin Bhana, Victor Doku, Natalie Drew, Fred N Kigozi, Martin Knapp, Mayeh Omar, Inge Petersen, Andrew Green andthe MHaPP Research Programme Consortium 12. What indicators should be used to monitor progress in scaling uo services for people with mental disorders? Lancet Global Mental Health Group (Alan J Flisher, Dan Chisholm, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel, Shokhar Saxena, Graham Thornicroft, Mark Tomlinson 13. Does unipolar mania merit research in South Africa? A look at the literature Christoffel Grobler 14. Revisiting the Cartesian duality of mind

  4. Is life the rule or the exception? The answer may be in the interstellar clouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-01

    . For example, can these results really be a clue to what happened about four billion years ago on the early Earth? Can researchers be truly confident that the conditions they recreate are those in the interstellar space? Guillermo M. Muñoz Caro from the European team writes "several parameters still need to be better constrained (...) before a reliable estimation on the extraterrestrial delivery of amino acids to the early Earth can be made. To this end, in situ analysis of cometary material will be performed in the near future by space probes such as Rosetta ..." The intention for ESA's spacecraft Rosetta is to provide key data for this question. Rosetta, to be launched next year, will be the first mission ever to orbit and land on a comet, namely Comet 46P/Wirtanen. Starting in 2011, Rosetta will have two years to examine in deep detail the chemical composition of the comet. As Rosetta's project scientist Gerhard Schwehm has stated, "Rosetta will carry sophisticated payloads that will study the composition of the dust and gas released from the comet's nucleus and help to answer the question: did comets bring water and organics to Earth?" If amino acids can also form in the space amid the stars, as the new evidence suggests, research should also focus on the chemistry in the interstellar space. This is exactly one of the main goals of the astronomers preparing for ESA's space telescope Herschel. Herschel, with its impressive mirror of 3.5 metres in diameter (the largest of any imaging space telescope) is due to be launched in 2007. One of its strengths is that it will 'see' a kind of radiation that has never been detected before. This radiation is far-infrared and submillimetre light, precisely what you need to detect if you are searching for complex chemical compounds such as the organic molecules.

  5. PREFACE: Physics-Based Mathematical Models for Nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voon, Lok C. Lew Yan; Melnik, Roderick; Willatzen, Morten

    2008-03-01

    -Foreman correction) coupled to strain and piezoelectric potential calculation. In its turn, in its general setting the problem of strain and piezoelectric potential calculation requires the solution of a nonlinear system of partial differential equation. A large experience in solving these two parts of the problem separately, independently of each other, has been already accumulated in the distinct communities of the researchers. This BIRS workshop effectively combined expertise of these research communities, summarized the state-of-the-art for modeling LDSNs and key challenges facing these communities, and explored ways to address those challenges in interdisciplinary team settings. The workshop brought together researchers working on different aspects of the analysis and modeling of LDSNs which require a concerted efforts of teams of researchers with close interactions between applied and pure mathematicians, physicists (theoreticians and experimentalists), computational scientists, and engineers. These scientific and engineering communities were represented in Banff by the researchers from Japan, Canada, the USA, Russia, France, Denmark, Germany, and the UK (further details can be found at http://www.m2netlab.wlu.ca/ldsn-banff/). We had four main plenary talks of one hour duration that gave state-of-the-art overviews of the subject from perspectives of applied mathematics (Professor Russel Caflisch of the University of California at Los Angeles), physics (Professor Antti-Pekka Jauho of the Danish Technical University), and computational science and engineering communities (Professor Gerhard Klimeck of Purdue University), as well as from a point of view of experimentalists (Dr Gail Brown of the Materials Lab/Air Force Research Lab at Wright-Patterson AFB). These talks helped identify the areas where joint efforts needed to be directed to, and they set up the scene for further work during the workshop, including discussions at the workshop open problem sessions. All participants

  6. 16th National Congress of the South African Society of Psychiatrists (SASOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christer Allgulander

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available List of abstracts and authors: 1. Antipsychotics in anxiety disorders Christer Allgulander 2. Anxiety in somatic disorders Christer Allgulander 3. Community rehabilitation of the schizophrenic patient Orlando Alonso Betancourt, Maricela Morales Herrera 4. Dual diagnosis: A theory-driven multidisciplinary approach for integrative care David Blackbeard 5. The emotional language of the gut - when 'psyche' meets 'soma' Helen Clark 6. The Psychotherapy of bipolar disorder Franco Colin 7. The Psychotherapy of bipolar disorder Franco Colin 8. Developing and adopting mental health policies and plans in Africa: Lessons from South Africa, Uganda and Zambia Sara Cooper, Sharon Kleintjes, Cynthia Isaacs, Fred Kigozi, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Augustus Kapungwe, John Mayeya, Michelle Funk, Natalie Drew, Crick Lund 9. The importance of relapse prevention in schizophrenia Robin Emsley 10. Mental Health care act: Fact or fiction? Helmut Erlacher, M Nagdee 11. Does a dedicated 72-hour observation facility in a district hospital reduce the need for involuntary admissions to a psychiatric hospital? Lennart Eriksson 12. The incidence and risk factors for dementia in the Ibadan study of ageing Oye Gureje, Lola Kola, Adesola Ogunniyi, Taiwo Abiona 13. Is depression a disease of inflammation? Angelos Halaris 14. Paediatric bipolar disorder: More heat than light? Sue Hawkridge 15. EBM: Anova Conundrum Elizabeth L (Hoepie Howell 16. Tracking the legal status of a cohort of inpatients on discharge from a 72-hour assessment unit Bernard Janse van Rensburg 17. Dual diagnosis units in psychiatric facilities: Opportunities and challenges Yasmien Jeenah 18. Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder: A comparative study on the clinical characteristics of patients with alcohol dependence and schizophrenia Gerhard Jordaan, D G Nel, R Hewlett, R Emsley 19. Anxiety disorders: the first evidence for a role in preventive psychiatry Andre F Joubert 20. The end of risk assessment and the beginning

  7. EDITORIAL: Focus on Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors FOCUS ON DILUTE MAGNETIC SEMICONDUCTORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, Scott A.; Gallagher, Bryan

    2008-05-01

    Chisholm, J D Budai and D P Norton Role of charge carriers for ferromagnetism in cobalt-doped rutile TiO2 T Fukumura, H Toyosaki, K Ueno, M Nakano and M Kawasaki Ab-initio study of exchange constants and electronic structure in diluted magnetic group-IV semiconductors Silvia Picozzi and Marjana Ležaić Phase coherent transport in (Ga,Mn)As D Neumaier, K Wagner, U Wurstbauer, M Reinwald, W Wegscheider and D Weiss Hydrogen interstitials-mediated ferromagnetism in MnxGe1-x magnetic semiconductors Xin-Xin Yao, Shi-Shen Yan, Shu-Jun Hu, Xue-Ling Lin, Chong Han, Yan-Xue Chen, Guo-Lei Liu and Liang-Mo Mei Electronic structures of magnetic semiconductors FeCr2Se4 and Fe0.5Cu0.5Cr2Se4 B I Min, Seung Su Baik, H C Choi, S K Kwon and J-S Kang Investigation of pure and Co2+-doped ZnO quantum dot electronic structures using the density functional theory: choosing the right functional Ekaterina Badaeva, Yong Feng, Daniel R Gamelin and Xiaosong Li Magnetic properties of sol-gel-derived doped ZnO as a potential ferromagnetic semiconductor: a synchrotron-based study N R S Farley, K W Edmonds, A A Freeman, G van der Laan, C R Staddon, D H Gregory and B L Gallagher Local electronic structure of Cr in the II-VI diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Zn1-xCrxTe M Kobayashi, Y Ishida, J I Hwang, G S Song, A Fujimori, C S Yang, L Lee, H-J Lin, D J Huang, C T Chen, Y Takeda, K Terai, S-I Fujimori, T Okane, Y Saitoh, H Yamagami, K Kobayashi, A Tanaka, H Saito and K Ando Lack of ferromagnetism in n-type cobalt-doped ZnO epitaxial thin films T C Kaspar, T Droubay, S M Heald, P Nachimuthu, C M Wang, V Shutthanandan, C A Johnson, D R Gamelin and S A Chambers XMCD studies on Co and Li doped ZnO magnetic semiconductors Thomas Tietze, Milan Gacic, Gisela Schütz, Gerhard Jakob, Sebastian Brück and Eberhard Goering Ferromagnetic semiconductors and the role of disorder B W Wessels An extensive comparison of anisotropies in MBE grown (Ga,Mn)As material C Gould, S Mark, K Pappert, R G Dengel, J Wenisch, R P

  8. http://www.esa.int/esaSC/Pr_11_2004_s_en.html

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    surface of the moon and, most importantly, the presence of layers of dark material at the top of crater walls. "The imaging team is in hot debate at the moment on the interpretations of our findings," said Dr Carolyn Porco, Cassini imaging team leader at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, USA. "Based on our images, some of us are leaning towards the view that has been promoted recently, that Phoebe is probably ice-rich and may be an object originating in the outer solar system, more related to comets and Kuiper Belt objects than to asteroids." The high-resolution images of Phoebe show a world of dramatic landforms, with landslides and linear structures such as grooves, ridges and chains of pits. Craters are ubiquitous, with many smaller than one kilometre. "This means, besides the big ones, lots of projectiles smaller than 100 metres must have hit Phoebe," said Prof. Gerhard Neukum, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Germany, and a member of the imaging team. Whether these projectiles came from outside or within the Saturn system is debatable. There is a suspicion that Phoebe, the largest of Saturn's outer moons, might be parent to the other, much smaller retrograde outer moons that orbit Saturn. They could have resulted from the impact ejecta that formed the many craters on Phoebe. Besides these stunning images, the instruments on board Cassini collected a wealth of other data, which will allow scientists to study the surface structures, determine the mass and composition of Phoebe and create a global map of it. "If these additional data confirm that Phoebe is mostly ice, covered by layers of dust, this may well mean that we are looking at a 'leftover' from the formation of the Solar System about 4600 million years ago," said Dr Jean-Pierre Lebreton, ESA Huygens Project Scientist. Phoebe might indeed be an icy wanderer from the distant outer reaches of the Solar System, which, like a comet, was dislodged from the Kuiper Belt and captured by Saturn when the planet was

  9. Comet or Asteroid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-11-01

    When is a minor object in the solar system a comet? And when is it an asteroid? Until recently, there was little doubt. Any object that was found to display a tail or appeared diffuse was a comet of ice and dust grains, and any that didn't, was an asteroid of solid rock. Moreover, comets normally move in rather elongated orbits, while most asteroids follow near-circular orbits close to the main plane of the solar system in which the major planets move. However, astronomers have recently discovered some `intermediate' objects which seem to possess properties that are typical for both categories. For instance, a strange object (P/1996 N2 - Elst-Pizarro) was found last year at ESO ( ESO Press Photo 36/96 ) which showed a cometary tail, while moving in a typical asteroidal orbit. At about the same time, American scientists found another (1996 PW) that moved in a very elongated comet-type orbit but was completely devoid of a tail. Now, a group of European scientists, by means of observations carried out at the ESO La Silla observatory, have found yet another object that at first appeared to be one more comet/asteroid example. However, continued and more detailed observations aimed at revealing its true nature have shown that it is most probably a comet . Consequently, it has received the provisional cometary designation P/1997 T3 . The Uppsala-DLR Trojan Survey Some time ago, Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist (Astronomical Observatory, Uppsala, Sweden), in collaboration with Gerhard Hahn, Stefano Mottola, Magnus Lundström and Uri Carsenty (DLR, Institute of Planetary Exploration, Berlin, Germany), started to study the distribution of asteroids near Jupiter. They were particularly interested in those that move in orbits similar to that of Jupiter and which are located `ahead' of Jupiter in the so-called `Jovian L4 Lagrangian point'. Together with those `behind' Jupiter, these asteroids have been given the names of Greek and Trojan Heroes who participated in the famous Trojan war

  10. ESA's Rosetta mission and the puzzles that Hale-Bopp left behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-01

    kilometres with a set of remote-sensing instruments. As the spacecraft moves around the nucleus at a very leisurely walking pace, other onboard instruments will analyse the dust and vapours, which will emanate from Comet Wirtanen with ever-increasing vigour as the Sun's rays warm it. Rosetta will drop a lander on to the comet's surface, for close inspection of its physical condition and chemical composition. The lander is a venture led by Germany, France and Italy, with participation from Austria, Finland, Hungary, Poland and the UK. As a box packed with scientific instruments and standing on three legs, the lander will be capable of anchoring itself to one spot and drilling into the surface. It may also be able to hop like a flea to visit another part of the nucleus. A combination of solar energy and electric batteries will enable operations to last for several months. "The combination of Rosetta in orbit around the comet and the lander on its surface is very powerful from a scientific point of view," says Gerhard Schwehm, ESA's project scientist for Rosetta. "We shall watch Comet Wirtanen brewing up like a volcano as it feels the heat of the Sun. In place of hazy impressions of the nucleus of a comet half hidden by its dust clouds, we shall see all the details with unprecedented clarity." Unanswered questions During and after the 1986 appearance of Halley's Comet, comet science made great progress. More recent comets have revealed important secrets to ESA's Infrared Space Observatory and to other space telescopes examining them at wavelengths unobservable from the Earth. Yet basic questions about comets remain unanswered. Just as the Rosetta Stone was the key that unlocked the meaning of Egyptian hieroglyphs, so the Rosetta spacecraft is intended to decipher the meaning of comets and their role in the origin and history of the Solar System. Here are a few of the main puzzles. * What does a comet weigh? Guesses about the density of cometary material vary widely, and only an

  11. Relativistic Celestial Mechanics of the Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopeikin, Sergei; Efroimsky, Michael; Kaplan, George

    2011-09-01

    initio within the relativistic framework presented in the other resolutions (in that regard, there still exist some difficult problems to solve), their relativistic terms are accurate enough for all the current and near-future observational techniques. At that level, the Earth rotation models are consistent with the general relativity framework recommended by the IAU and considered in this book. The chapter presents practical algorithms for implementing the recommended models. The appendices to the book contain a list of astronomical constants and the original text of the relevant IAU resolutions adopted by the IAU General Assemblies in 1997, 2000, 2006, and 2009. Numerous colleagues have contributed to this book in one way or or another. It is a pleasure for us to acknowledge the enlightening discussions which one or more of the authors had on different occasions with Victor A. Brumberg of the Institute of Applied Astronomy (St. Petersburg, Russia); Tianyi Huang and Yi Xie of Nanjing University (China); Edward B. Fomalont of the National Radio Astronomical Observatory (USA); Valeri V. Makarov, William J. Tangren, and James L. Hilton of the US Naval Observatory; Gerhard Schäfer of the Institute of Theoretical Physics (Jena, Germany); Clifford M. Will of Washington University (St. Louis, USA); Ignazio Ciufolini of the Università del Salento and INFN Sezione di Lecce (Italy); and Patrick Wallace, retired from Her Majesty's Nautical Almanac Office (UK). We also would like to thank Richard G. French of Wellesley College (Massachusetts, USA); Michael Soffel and Sergei Klioner of the Technical University of Dresden; Bahram Mashhoon of the University of Missouri-Columbia; John D. Anderson, retired from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (USA); the late Giacomo Giampieri, also of JPL; Michael Kramer, Axel Jessner, and Norbert Wex of the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie (Bonn, Germany); Alexander F. Zakharov of the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Moscow

  12. Europe rediscovers the Moon with SMART-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-01

    events (NB:_times may be subject to change after major manoeuvre of SMART-1 on 25 August. Please check updates on: www.esa.int/smart1): [ ] Sunday 3 September: Monitoring of SMART-1 Moon impact Opening times for media: 06:00 to 10:00 06:30 - 09:00 Press will be briefed on the latest flight operations and can follow live SMART-1 telemetry, right before estimated impact at 07:41 CEST in ESOC Main Control Room, together with leading European mission operations and science experts and in relation with ground based observers. [ ] Monday 4 September: Summary Press Conference on SMART-1 mission Opening times for media: 10:00 - 13:00 / Press-conference from 11:00 to 12:00 11:00 - Welcome to ESA/ESOC by Gaele Winters, ESA Director of Operations - Introduction, by ESA’s Director of Science, David Southwood 11:05 - Flight operations, ground operations concepts and lunar impact, by Octavio Camino, ESA 11:15 - Spacecraft technology achievements with emphasis on solar-electric propulsion , by Giorgio Saccoccia, ESA 11:20 - Lunar science: - scientific mission overview by Bernard Foing, ESA - lunar imaging, by Jean-Luc Josset (principal investigator for AMIE) - the Moon in X-rays - mineralogy, by Manuel Grande (principal investigator for D-CIXS) - ground observations campaign, by Prof. Pascale Ehrenfreund, Leiden Observatory 11:50 - Conclusions: Heritage for future lunar missions, International cooperation with India and China, by Gerhard Schwehm, ESA 11:55 - Q&A moderated by Jocelyne Constantin-Landeau, ESA (Individual interviews afterwards)

  13. Rechtsgeschichte – Geschichte der Evolution eines sozialen Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Theres Fögen

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available 1. Historiography is about the observation of changes. Even in a history of the moment, there has to be a before and an after. There is no history without event, without the difference perceived and described as "time". Legal history has to do with changes in the law. The law of some arbitrarily chosen point in time is examined and judged on the basis of what is new, what has changed, and what has remained the same. That has to be recognized and described before looking at the reasons why it has changed, and why it has changed in this particular way rather than in some other way. 2. Historians predominantly use "development" as the paradigm for explaining changes. "Development" means both continuity and change, upholding tradition and breaking with it, structure and event. The paradox of simultaneous identity and alterity is familiar not only to historians, but is the basis of observation of all biological and social phenomena. In the field of natural sciences, the theory of evolution has long been applied to this issue. In the meantime, however, it has also been tested increasingly as means of observing social phenomena. 3. Sociologists (among them Niklas Luhmann, Dirk Baecker, Rudolf Stichweh have paved the way for social sciences based on a theory of evolution. This approach has also found its way into the field of law, especially -- surely no coincidence -- modern business law (Gunther Teubner and Marc Amstutz. Economists have also realised that the market can be described in terms of evolutionary theory (Thorsten Hens, H.H. Nau. Even literary criticism has begun to apply evolutionary theory (Hans-Ulrich Mohr, Gerhard Plumpe. Given the spread of this approach, hopes have been expressed that a universal theory "conceived as a consistent theory of evolution" (Wolfgang Frühwald might alleviate the lack of communication between the natural sciences and the arts. 4. In historiography, on the other hand, including legal history, evolutionary

  14. NARRATIVE: A short history of my life in science A short history of my life in science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manson, Joseph R.

    2010-08-01

    bicycle rides taken with these colleagues and many others through the streets of Göttingen and the surrounding countryside of Niedersachsen. The long series of visits to Göttingen were interrupted by three summers beginning in 1988 at the Institut für Grenzflachenforschung and Vakuumphysik at the Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany working with George Comsa and his group. I had met Comsa in the late 1970s at a scientific meeting in France and we had continued our scientific correspondence ever since, which eventually led to the invitation to visit his lab for an extended stay. Among the very large range of surface-related experiments being carried out in the Comsa group were machines, operated by Bene Poelsema and Rudolf David and the then graduate students Klaus Kern and Peter Zeppenfeld, devoted to He atom scattering from metal and adsorbate-covered surfaces. Once again, it was a great privilege to carry out scientific research in such a stimulating environment. In 1998, with a three-month summer visit, I began a collaboration with Professor Karl-Heinz Rieder at the Institut für Experimentalphysik of the Freie Universität Berlin in Germany. Rieder was a pioneer in the field of surface scattering experiments using helium and other rare gas atomic beams as projectiles and after he moved to the Freie Universität from the IBM Zürich laboratories he continued this work as well as becoming a world leader in the field of single molecule manipulation on surfaces using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). This collaboration resulted in visits to Berlin every summer through 2006 during which we collaborated on several projects involving both atom-surface scattering and STM. The work during this period included interesting collaborative work with many members of the Rieder group including Ludwig Bartels, Daniel Farías, Gerhard Meyer and Saw Hla. It was a great experience to be able to pursue science in such favorable surroundings, and to have, in addition, all the