WorldWideScience

Sample records for vocationally related skills

  1. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  2. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  3. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  4. Occupational Home Economics. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Accessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains home economics occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in child care, custom sewing, or food service. Access skills are defined as those skills needed to access vocational education…

  5. Trade and Technical. Volume II. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Assessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains trade and industrial occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in auto body repair, auto mechanics, building maintenance and custodial work, diesel mechanics, machinist, small engine…

  6. Leadership Skills among Technical and Vocational Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Nurazyan Zahidah; Jizat, Nor Atikah Md.; Zakaria, Normah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of leadership skills among technical and vocational educator are to prepare them towards effective organization. Effective leadership is widely accepted as being a key constituent in achieving organization improvement and to examine. This study aimed to gauge the leadership skills among technical and vocational educators effectiveness…

  7. The Contribution of Vocational Training to Employment, Job-Related Skills and Productivity: Evidence from Madeira

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budria, Santiago; Telhado-Pereira, Pedro

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we analyse the transition to the labor market of participants in vocational training in Madeira in Portugal. The analysis is in two stages. First, we investigate how the employment status at different dates (1 month, 1 year, and 2 years after the completion of the training program) depends on relevant variables, such as age, gender,…

  8. The Vocational Skills Gap for Management Accountants: The Stakeholders' Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassall, Trevor; Joyce, John; Montano, Jose Luis Arquero; Anes, Jose Antonio Donoso

    2003-01-01

    Develops a case study that examines the process of the professional education and training of management accountants. Identifies the relative importance of a specified range of vocational skills needed for a chartered management accountant, and prioritizes areas for development and training based on opinions of employers and students. (Author/LRW)

  9. Soft Skill Competencies, Hard Skill Competencies, and Intention to Become Entrepreneur of Vocational Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicta Prihatin Dwi Riyanti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of soft skill competencies and hard skill competencies to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. Hard skill entrepreneurial competencies are competencies that are needed to running business. Meanwhile for soft skill competencies are competencies related to aspects of personality and cognitive style. Population in this research is vocational graduates in Jakarta and Jogjakarta. The sampling technique used is incidental sampling. We used measuring instruments as follow: the intention to become entrepreneur of Shapero & Sokol (in Riyanti, 2009. soft skill competencies of Spencer & Spencer (1993 and hard skill competencies of Chou. Shen. Hsiou & Chen. 2010. The regression analysis of the 258 respondents showed significant effect of soft skill competencies (initiative. self-confidence and assertiveness to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. There are significant effect hard skill competencies (human resources capability competency and production capability competency to the intention to be entrepreneur. Based on the results. we suggested that the learning process should be more emphasis on direct practice so that more competencies can be formed on vocational school graduates.

  10. Career Management Skills Among Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Normah; Yamin, Azlin; Maarof, Rosmawati

    2017-08-01

    Career management skills are important elements that should be present in each individual, because career selection process is crucial for school leavers. The phenomenon of students who are less knowledgeable about career at the end of school is among the main reasons they choose a career that does not fit. The situation is very worrying and poses various negative implications such as work stress and frequent swapping of jobs. In fact, research has found that most vocational students have a low level of career management. Therefore, this study is aimed to identify career management skills that students possess. The research design was a survey using a quantitative approach with a number of samples, n = 480. Data was analysed using statistical software, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The results show that students’ overall career management skills are moderate. To develop human capital with the right competence, career management skills are critical requirements that can fill the gaps in industry.

  11. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  12. Soft Skill Competencies, Hard Skill Competencies, and Intention to Become Entrepreneur of Vocational Graduates (P.119-132

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicta Prihatin Dwi Riyanti

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of soft skill competencies and hard skill competencies to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. Hard skill entrepreneurial competencies are competencies that are needed to running business. Meanwhile for soft skill competencies are competencies related to aspects of personality and cognitive style. Population in this research is vocational graduates in Jakarta and Jogjakarta. The sampling technique used is incidental sampling. We used measuring instruments as follow:  the intention to become entrepreneur of Shapero & Sokol (in Riyanti, 2009. soft skill competencies of Spencer & Spencer (1993 and hard skill competencies of Chou. Shen. Hsiou & Chen. 2010. The regression analysis of the 258 respondents showed significant effect of soft skill competencies (initiative. self-confidence and assertiveness to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. There are significant effect hard skill competencies (human resources capability competency and production capability competency to the intention to be entrepreneur. Based on the results. we suggested that the learning process should be more emphasis on direct practice so that more competencies can be formed on vocational school graduates.Keywords: entrepreneur,competency,intention

  13. Perceptions of Safety Knowledge and Skills in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bani-Salameh, Zakaria

    2016-01-01

    This research aims at investigating the perceptions towards safety knowledge and skills and perceived efficacies among flight attendants onboard. Many studies have reported deficiencies in vocational training among flight attendants to handle specific onboard emergencies, but these findings are not surprising as knowledge and skills that are not…

  14. Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, Terry

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  15. Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Edwina

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  16. Communication Skills of Anatolian Vocational Health High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevgi Gaskar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This research is conducted to determine the level of communication and influencing skills students studying in classes 9 and 12 in Bursa Anatolian Vocational Health High School. Materials and Methods: The research group consisted of 218 students. Data communication with the inventory collected with a questionnaire containing demographic characteristics of the students. Percentile of the data analysis, Kruskal-Vallis, correlation test was used. Results: The mean score of students’ communicative skills inventory was 164.61+17.20. No significant difference was found between success in school and communication skills with the students’ gender, number of siblings. While there is no difference between free time activities watching TV and communication skills of students, there is a significant difference between the habit of using the computer and communication skills of students between the total score and subscales. Conclusions: Students’ communication skills scores are higher in girls than in boys, school achievement and communication skills scores increased parallel to the increase number of siblings. The habit of reading a book, while the positive affect on the mental score communication skills, scores of all the communication skills of students negative affects the increase in computer usage time. Effect on student reading scores for class communication skills to improve communication skills courses put the quality and increasing the recommend hours. (The Jo­ur­nal of Cur­rent Pe­di­at­rics 2014;1:20-5

  17. Modeling Enrollment in and Completion of Vocational Education: The role of cognitive and non-cognitive skills by program type

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stratton, Leslie S.; Gupta, Nabanita Datta; Reimer, David

    and right censoring. Cognitive skills are captured with math and language exam scores, non-cognitive skills with teacher-assigned grades. We find that all skills are inversely related to enrollment and math scores are positively related to certification for all VET programs. Language skills are, however......We examine the role of cognitive and non-cognitive skills on enrollment in and completion of three types of vocational training (VET): education/health, technical, and business. Using two nine-year panels of Danish youths, estimation proceeds separately by gender, controlling for selection......, inversely related to completion for technical VET and non-cognitive skills are important only for business VET....

  18. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL STUDENTS WITH HEARING IMPAIREMENTS: EMPLOYERS’ PERSPECTIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Fazlinda Ab Halim; Ab. Rahim Bakar; Ramlah Hamzah; Abdullah Mat Rashid

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to explore the employers’ requirement for employability skills of the technical and vocational students who are hearing impaired. The research instrument used was adapted from the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) which consists of thirty nine items. The employability skills surveyed include basic skills, thinking skills, personal qualities, sourcing skills, information skills, interpersonal skills, system skills and technology skills. The instrument...

  19. 高职高专学生动作技能形成影响因素%Relative Factors on Skilled Formation of Higher Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑开梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore higher vocational students'skilled formation conditions and influence factors.Methods:62 higher vocational students were required to finish mirror drawing test,attention dis-tribution,memory span test.In addition,students'scores on four temperaments were measured by tempera-ment type test.Results:Total duration of mirror drawing test was (422.97 ±126.69) seconds,and total numbers of error were (121.51 ±77.84) times.The total duration of male students was significantly less than females'(t=-2.721,P<0.01),and there was no significant difference between male and female in total number of errors.A significant correlation between total duration of mirror drawing test and memory span durations was significantly positive( r=0.317,P<0.05) ,as well as the total number of errors and choleric scores(r=0.292,P<0.05).Conclusion:Memory rate makes a impact on operating speed,and choleric temperament type may affect the accuracy of operating.So it may be possible that speed of operat-ing is promoted by improve memory rate,and accuracy by adjustment of emotion and behavior of persons who belong to temperament type.%目的:探讨高职高专学生技能形成状况及影响技能形成的因素。方法:随机从高职高专一年级中抽取62名学生,采用镜画仪测量技能形成能力;并用注意分配仪、记忆广度测试仪分别测量被试的注意分配能力和记忆广度水平,采用气质类型测试量表测量学生在4种气质类型上的得分。结果:被试使用镜画仪所用总时间为(422.97±126.69)秒,总错误数(121.51±77.84)次;男生所需总时长小于女生,其差异具统计学意义(t=-2.721,P=0.009);总错误数男生多于女生,但其差异不具统计学意义( t=0.512,P=0.610);总时长与记忆广度的计时呈正相关(r=0.396,P<0.01),总错误数与胆汁质得分呈正相关(r=0.642,P<0.05)。结论:短时

  20. Industry 4.0 and digitalization call for vocational skills, applied industrial engineering, and less for pure academics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Bilberg, Arne; Grube Hansen, David

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how the industrial revolution of the future, Industry 4.0, will dramatically increase technological complexity, and how the vocational skills needed in today’s Industry 2.0 and 3.0 will require significant augmentation. Based on statements from policy makers and data from...... empirical studies, the paper concludes that future complex manufacturing facilities will demand much greater vocational skills. Such advanced skills will be necessary for corporations to handle the complex technology related to manufacturing facilities predicted for Industry 4.0....

  1. Industry 4.0 and digitalization call for vocational skills, applied industrial engineering, and less for pure academics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Bilberg, Arne; Grube Hansen, David

    This paper demonstrates how the industrial revolution of the future, Industry 4.0, will dramatically increase technological complexity, and how the vocational skills needed in today’s Industry 2.0 and 3.0 will require significant augmentation. Based on statements from policy makers and data from...... empirical studies, the paper concludes that future complex manufacturing facilities will demand much greater vocational skills. Such advanced skills will be necessary for corporations to handle the complex technology related to manufacturing facilities predicted for Industry 4.0....

  2. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Karaırmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  3. Assessing Employability Skills of Technical-Vocational Students in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ab. R. Bakar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Technical-Vocational Education and Training (TVE system plays important role in providing highly skilled workforce to fulfill the needs of industries. An empirical research of TVE system is necessary to identify effective TVE system to successfully equip students with technical skills that would enable them to fulfill the current work demands and professional expectations. The objective of this paper is to present the findings of TVE system implementation in one of the technical training institution in Malaysia. Research sample has been selected using a simple random method from the third year students. A total of 162 students participated in this research. The result shows that mean score for overall employability skills was quite high. Two aspects of the employability skills, namely, thinking skills and resource management competence and system & technology competence were slightly lower than the mean score. Respondents have slightly higher than the mean scores on basic informational competence interpersonal competence. The mean score of personal quality is the highest among all the aspects of variables of employability skills.

  4. 20 CFR 638.600 - Applied vocational skills training (VST) through work projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) The Job Corps Director shall establish procedures for administering applied vocational skills training... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applied vocational skills training (VST..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Applied...

  5. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  6. Research of the northeast migrant workers vocational skills training related issues%东北农民工职业技能培训的相关问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨利; 宁贵信

    2015-01-01

    通过对东北农民工职业技能培训特殊性进行分析,总结了东北农民工职业技能培训的现状及存在的问题,并结合东北地区自身的发展特点,从完善培训机制、提高培训质量角度出发,提出了东北农民工建设高效务实职业技能培训的对策与建议。%Through the analysis of vocational skills training of migrant workers northeast particularity ,the paper sum-marizes the status of migrant workers in northeast vocational skills training and problems .From the perfect training system to improving the quality of training point of view ,and combined with its own characteristics and development in northeast China , it proposes construction of an efficient and pragmatic northeast of migrant workers vocational skills training countermeasures and suggestions .

  7. Will Skills Save Us? Rethinking the Relationships between Vocational Education, Skills Development Policies, and Social Policy in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines experiences with "skills development" in South Africa to contribute to broader debates about "skills" and the relationships between vocational education and development. Numerous policy interventions and the creation of new institutions and systems for skills development in South Africa are widely seen as…

  8. ENHANCING MASTERY OF PRACTICAL SKILLS IN STUDENTS OF VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION THROUGH ACTIVITY BASED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.I. Odo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The study seeks to understand the issues and challenges related to the implementations of activity-based instructions on vocational and technical education student in Nigeria. A survey was carried out involving vocational and technical education teachers in all six government owned technical colleges in Lagos State of Nigeria. A total of 150 teachers were selected randomly as respondents for the study. A four point scale items were designed to elicit information from the respondents. The findings of the study indicated that the techniques and the strategies adopted by the teachers of vocational education include: demonstration, field trips, projects, experiments and assignments. Various methods to evaluate students outcome include: process-product through systematic observation. It was evident from the study that constantly focusing on activity to make learning fun can actually hamper those students who make good progress without it. Based on the findings the researcher therefore concluded that good vocational and technical education teachers require the right attitude, have years of professional and practical skills and entrepreneurial experience at the workshop floor of industry and good background knowledge of engineering design.

  9. Outcomes of a Social and Vocational Skills Support Group for Adolescents and Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillier, Ashleigh; Fish, Tom; Cloppert, Patricia; Beversdorf, David Q.

    2007-01-01

    Adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently experience social isolation and vocational failure. Although social skills groups are vital, relatively few model programs have been developed for this age group. This article reviews the model and evaluation of the Aspirations program, an 8-week social and vocational…

  10. Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardman, Thomas

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  11. The Inculcation of Generic Skills among Juveniles through Technical and Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan-Mohamed, Wan Azlinda; Yunus, Mohamed Hafis

    2009-01-01

    Generic skills are skills which contribute towards individual's effective and successful participation in the workplace. For juveniles, Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) is one of the platforms that provide them generic skills which enable them to compete for job market. The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of generic…

  12. Finnish WorldSkills Achievers’ Vocational Talent Development and School-to-Work Pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Pylväs

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the perceptions of vocational expertise and school-to-work pathways among WorldSkills Competition (WSC achievers and their co-workers and employers within the Finnish context. At the biennial international WSC, young people (aged 18-to-23 years from over 60 countries demonstrate their skills in more than 40 trades. Individualized training for this competition is provided through the cooperation of vocational institutions (e.g., expert coaches, team leaders and competition panellists and industry (e.g., mentors, sponsors, materials, equipment. Semi-structured thematic interviews (N=51 were conducted in 2013 and 2014 with former Finnish WSC medal or diploma winners (n=18 who had since begun their working lives (1-to-15 years of work experience. Their employers (n=16 and colleagues (n=17 were also interviewed. Results showed that in addition to vocation-specific knowledge and skills, problem-solving skills, creativity, social skills and self-regulatory skills were acknowledged as the most significant elements of vocational expertise. The findings also indicated that formal vocational education combined with deliberate practice and training based on expert mentoring improved the long-term career progress and vocational expertise of the WSC achievers.

  13. Skill shortages in health: innovative solutions using vocational education and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, S I; Johns, S S; Millar, P; Le, Q; Routley, G

    2007-01-01

    This article reports findings of a project funded by the Australian National Council for Vocational Education Research. The project explores solutions to current and projected skills shortages within the health and community services sector, from a vocational education and training perspective. Its purpose is to locate, analyse and disseminate information about innovative models of health training and service delivery that have been developed in response to skill shortages. The article begins with a brief overview of Australian statistics and literature on the structure of the national health workforce and perceived skill shortages. The impact of location (state and rurality), demographics of the workforce, and other relevant factors, on health skill shortages is examined. Drawing on a synthesis of the Australian and international literature on innovative and effective models for addressing health skill shortages and nominations by key stakeholders within the health sector, over 70 models were identified. The models represent a mixture of innovative service delivery models and training solutions from Australia, as well as international examples that could be transposed to the Australian context. They include the skill ecosystem approach facilitated by the Australian National Training Authority Skill Ecosystem Project. Models were selected to represent diversity in terms of the nature of skill shortage addressed, barriers overcome in development of the model, healthcare specialisations, and different customer groups. Key barriers to the development of innovative solutions to skills shortages identified were: policy that is not sufficiently flexible to accommodate changing workplace needs; unwillingness to risk take in order to develop new models; delays in gaining endorsement/accreditation; current vocational education and training (VET) monitoring and reporting systems; issues related to working in partnership, including different cultures, ways of operating

  14. Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Education in Large Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koble, Daniel E., Jr.; And Others

    Intended for use by urban vocational staff members who face public relations problems and need to facilitate the outreach process in their cities, this handbook contains guidelines for organizing the public. First, Sanford's definition of public relations is outlined, followed by an explanation of why vocational education needs public relations.…

  15. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization, industrialization, informationization and ecological development. In this process, it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method, this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then, it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective ...

  16. Vocational trainees' views and experiences regarding the learning and teaching of communication skills in general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Nuland, Marc; Thijs, Gabie; Van Royen, Paul; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goedhuys, Jo

    2010-01-01

    To explore the views and experiences of general practice (GP) vocational trainees regarding communication skills (CS) and the teaching and learning of these skills. A purposive sample of second and third (final) year GP trainees took part in six focus group (FG) discussions. Transcripts were coded and analysed in accordance with a grounded theory approach by two investigators using Alas-ti software. Finally results were triangulated by means of semi-structured telephone interviews. The analysis led to three thematic clusters: (1) trainees acknowledge the essential importance of communication skills and identified contextual factors influencing the learning and application of these skills; (2) trainees identified preferences for learning and receiving feedback on their communication skills; and (3) trainees perceived that the assessment of communication skills is subjective. These themes are organised into a framework for a better understanding of trainees' communication skills as part of their vocational training. The framework helps in leading to a better understanding of the way in which trainees learn and apply communication skills. The unique context of vocational training should be taken into account when trainees' communication skills are assessed. The teaching and learning should be guided by a learner-centred approach. The framework is valuable for informing curricular reform and future research.

  17. The Development of Productivity Practical Management Model at Automotive Mechanical Technology Skill Program in Semarang Vocational Schools, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadromi; Rachman, Maman; Soesanto; Kartana, Tri Jaka

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop automotive Mechanical Technology Skill Program (TMO) in Vocational School. The Research and Development (R&D) object was done in SMK 1, 4 and 7 Semarang, Indonesia. The result was achieved productivity Practical Management Final Model at TMO skill Program in Vocational school named momanticproter.…

  18. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning; WANG; Fang; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization,industrialization,informationization and ecological development. In this process,it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method,this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then,it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective of rural vocational education,arrangement of specialized disciplines,key development tasks,and establishment of diversified investment system.

  19. 高职院校开展高级工职业技能鉴定的实践与思考%Practice and Consideration on Implementing Authentication of Senior Workers’ Vocational Skill in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜建平; 陈在铁; 张峰

    2014-01-01

    To meet the demands of training ‘high skilled talents’ and implementing ‘double certificate system’ of the higher vocational education, and to promote the constructing of local high skilled talents staff and realizing the index system in modernization, the senior workers’ vocational skill authentication was implemented in higher vocational colleges. In the process of practicing the senior workers’ vocational skill authentication in Shazhou Professional Institute of Technology, vocational skill authentication system and encouraging policy were promoted. Professional teachers were organized to develop new senior workers’ vocational skill authentication projects and draw up the related assessment standard. As the modified talent training plan, the senior workers vocational skill training run through the whole teaching process. Construction of the training base and the appraisal examiners were also reinforced. Implementing senior workers vocational skill authentication can improve students' operating skills and employment competence, as well as the construction of double-qualities teaching staff. However, limitation of the senior workers’ vocational skill authentication in higher vocational colleges shouldn’t be ignored. The direction of developing the vocational skill authentication in higher vocational colleges warrants careful consideration.%高等职业院校开展高级工职业技能鉴定既是高等职业教育“双证书制度”和“高端技能型专门人才”培养的要求,也是推动地方高技能人才队伍建设和实现现代化指标体系的时代任务。为了有效开展高级工职业技能鉴定,沙洲职业工学院完善了职业技能鉴定制度与激励政策,组织专业教师参与了高级工考证项目的开发与考核标准的制定,修订人才培养方案,将高级工职业技能的培养融入整个教学过程中,同时加强了实训基地和考评员队伍建设。开展高级工职业技

  20. ENHANCING ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATE SCIENCE, VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Aliyu Deba

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the contribution of entrepreneurship education course towards cultivating entrepreneurial skills of undergraduate Science, Technical and Vocational students. The subjects consist of 309 students from the School of Technology Education. Entrepreneurial skills development assessment questionnaire (ESDAQ was used for data collection. The ESDAQ was validated by experts and internal consistency of 0.80 was obtained using the Cronbach’s Alpha method. The t-test and ANOVA were used for testing hypotheses at the 0.05 significance level. The study reveals that students' participation in the entrepreneurship education during their undergraduate education stimulates the acquisition of entrepreneurial skills. Entrepreneurial skills of technical education students is higher compared to vocational and science students. Diversification of instructional approach in teaching entrepreneurship education was recommended, especially the use of experiential learning methods interchangeably with the conventional style.

  1. Vocational High School Cooperation with PT Astra Honda Motor to Prepare Skilled Labor in Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoto; Widiyanti

    2017-01-01

    SMK Nasional as a secondary vocational education institution contribute in creating skilled labor to meet the needs of the industry. Motorcycle Engineering expertise program at the SMK Nasional in improving the graduate's quality carries out industrial class education with PT Astra Honda Motor (PT AHM); it is intended so that there is a link and…

  2. Vocational trainees’ views and experiences regarding the learning and teaching of communication skills in general practice

    OpenAIRE

    Van Nuland, Marc; Thijs, Gaby; Royen, Paul,; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goedhuys, Jo

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To explore the views and experiences of general practice (GP) vocational trainees regarding communication skills (CS) and the teaching and learning of these skills. METHODS: A purposive sample of second and third (final) year GP trainees took part in six focus group (FG) discussions. Transcripts were coded and analysed in accordance with a grounded theory approach by two investigators using Alas-ti software. Finally results were triangulated by means of semi-structured telephone in...

  3. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL STUDENTS WITH HEARING IMPAIREMENTS: EMPLOYERS’ PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fazlinda Ab Halim

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore the employers’ requirement for employability skills of the technical and vocational students who are hearing impaired. The research instrument used was adapted from the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS which consists of thirty nine items. The employability skills surveyed include basic skills, thinking skills, personal qualities, sourcing skills, information skills, interpersonal skills, system skills and technology skills. The instrument was distributed to 110 industry employers throughout Malaysia. However, only 23 (21% employers returned the survey form. The majority of respondents are from service industry (78.2% including the retail, food service, restaurants and hotel as well as the fashion designing industry. A high percentage of the respondents (65.2% are Human Resource Manager who had one to five years of working experience. Based on the survey, the three top most highly rated skills are, personal qualities (M=4.37, SD=.39, basic skills (M=4.10, SD=.58 and interpersonal skills (M=4.07, SD=.47. Knowing the skills that employers demand from their hearing impaired employees, institutions can provide the appropriate training to prepare their hearing impaired graduates for future employment.

  4. Research on Instructional Principles of Vocational Skills%职业技能教学原则探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓泽民; 姚梅林; 王泽荣

    2012-01-01

    尽管行动教学广泛应用于职业技能教学,但学生难以掌握将来成为一流技能型人才的技能。这种职业技能教学效能低下,难以培养出一流技能型人才的主要原因是没有职业技能教学原则的指导。由于成为一流技能型人才的关键是形成从事职业所要求的技能,而经过技能学习分析得知这种技能取决于相应的职业实践模式,为此通过分析各种职业实践内在特点,提出了职业实践的过程导向、情景导向、效果导向三种基本模式,并据此提出职业技能教学的三原则以及应用于不同专业实践的三种行动教学程序,取得了满意的效果。%Although action-oriented instruction is being used in vcocational skill instruction, the students could hardly get the proper vocational skills which help them to become the first-rate-skilled talents. The main reason for the low efficiency of vocational skill instruction and having difficulty to cultivate the first-rate-skilled talents is lack of guidance of principles of vocational skill instruction. Because the key to be the first-rate-skilled talents is to have proper vocational skills which the profession required and the vocational skills are up to the model of vocational practice, through the analysis of inner-feature of the vocational practice, three basic models of vocational practice are put forward. There are process-oriented model, situation-oriented model and effect-oriented inodel. According to the three basic models of vocational practice, process-oriented principle, situation-oriented principle, effect-oriented principle of vocational skill instruction are put forward. In order to certify the effectiveness of the three basic principles of vocational skill instruction, three procedures of action-oriented instruction on vocational skill are designed and used in different specialties in VAT schools and colleges, and the results are satisfied.

  5. The Impact of Literacy on Vocational Skills Acquisition for Better Community Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adedokun Mary Olufunke

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the impact of literacy on vocational skill acquisition with the aim of                                          making the young people self- reliant, thereby helping them to be more involved in community participation and participate more in community issues. In this study, vocational skill acquisition is used synonymously with apprenticeship scheme. Two local government areas in Oyo state were used for the study with 200 subjects as sample. Three hypotheses were generated for the study and data were collected through a self designed questionnaire tagged “Literacy for vocational skill Acquisition” (LVSA. The collected data were analyzed using t-test statistical tool at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that literacy has a lot of impact on skill acquisition. That being literate would make a person stand tall among equals in vocational skill acquisition and later practice. That literacy would make a person not only functional in the sense of being permanent for application in daily context but in the sense of being adaptable to new and changing circumstances and requirements in their job performance. That there is a significant relationship between literacy and skill acquisition as those who were literate caught up better than those who were not literate and they performed their jobs better than the illiterate ones. The study recommended among others that for people to be really self reliant in the daily performance of their jobs, they must be literate as it is through literacy that necessary information can be gathered for better job performance in the communities.

  6. Addressing the Skills Gap in Saudi Arabia: Does Vocational Education Address the Needs of Private Sector Employers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baqadir, Abdullah; Patrick, Fiona; Burns, George

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the findings of data drawn from doctoral research on the extent to which recent changes in vocational training have addressed a perceived skills gap between the needs of private sector employers and potential workers in Saudi Arabia. While the Saudi government has made efforts to enhance the quality of vocational education,…

  7. The Application of Problem-Based Learning Strategy to Increase High Order Thinking Skills of Senior Vocational School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suprapto, Edy; Fahrizal; Priyono; Basri, K.

    2017-01-01

    This research is to apply and develop a strategy of problem-based learning to increase the ability of higher order thinking skills of senior vocational schools students. The research was done due to a fact that the quality of outputs of the senior vocational schools has not met the competency needed by the stakeholders in the field, that has made…

  8. The Employers' Priorities. Vocational Skills and Capabilities for Management Accountants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassall, Trevor; Joyce, John; Montano, Jose Luis Arquero; Anes, Jose Antonio Donoso

    2001-01-01

    Responses from 214 of 950 British employers of management accountants were analyzed with a weighted importance indicator. Communication and time management skills were most important. Employers thought that entry workers had good information technology skills but oral and written communication was "just acceptable." Also needing…

  9. IDENTIFYING RELATIONSHIP INVOLVING LEARNING STYLES AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS AMONG VOCATIONAL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between students’ learning styles and problem solving skills among students in Building Construction Course at Vocational School. This study also investigated the differences between the students’ type of learning styles and their ability to solve the problem using their creative thinking. A survey was carried out on 68 vocational students in Building Construction Course from two Vocational Schools. Felder-Soloman’s Index of Learning Styles (ILS and elements of creative thinking in problem solving for Vocational Education were the tools used in this study. Creative thinking in problem solving elements was categorized from the subject specification used in Building Construction curriculum. In brief, the ILS have five dimension; Processing, Perception, Input, Understanding and Perception. The results show that the Input style dominates the learning styles of Building Construction’s students in Vocational School and manipulating idea is the dominant creative thinking elements to solve the problem which students preferred. In conclusion, type of students’ learning styles will influence how they can cater their learning to improve their academic achievement and how they can use their creativity to solve the problem in actual situation in Building Construction work. However, learning styles are not main indicator to predict how students excellent are.

  10. Affective, Cognitive and Vocational Skills: The Employers' Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kiong-Hock

    1986-01-01

    Compares public and private sector recruitment behavior in Malaysia, focusing on employers' perspectives of higher education's functions. The public sector values academic records, whereas private industry seeks workers with experience and good affective skills. Both sectors want universities to produce graduates with problem-solving abilities.…

  11. CAREER MANAGEMENT COMPETENCY AMONG VOCATIONAL SKILLED MILITARY RETIREES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Normah Zakaria

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of transition skills training for military retirees are to prepare them towards their retirement plan. Ability to be employed with ease after retirement indicates that the retiree is competent in planning and implementing his plan on employment post military service.  This study aimed to gauge the effectiveness of the skills training attended by military retirees and to examine whether there is any difference in the career management competencies of the military retirees if they are  trained by different training centres and /or if they enrolled into different training areas.  A quantitative study using survey exploration was carried out on 380 low-ranking military retirees. This study used a set of questionnaire adapted from Career Competencies Indicator by Haase and Francis-Smythe (2007. The results indicated that the level of competencies among military retirees were at moderate or middle level. Further, the study revealed that there were variation in competency results obtained by retirees training in different training centres as well as in different areas of skills.  This study is hoped to be used by training centers and department of military retiree welfare to prepare for a more effective program to assist military retirees boost up their competence and confidence in acquiring skills for post retirement employment.

  12. Exploring Home Economics Related Careers. Introduction to Vocations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoggatt, Carolyn, Ed.

    Developed to meet the career educational needs of students enrolled in home economics courses and/or an introductory vocational program, this document (teacher's copy) contains six units of study focusing on the home economics related careers cycles of: child development and care; clothing, textiles and fashion; food services; institutional,…

  13. Possibilities of the ErgoScope high fidelity work simulator in skill assessment, skill development and vocational aptitude tests of physically disabled persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izsó, Lajos; Székely, Ildikó; Dános, László

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper - based on the extensive experiences of the authors gained by using one particular work simulator - is to present some promising possibilities of the application of this (and any other similar) work simulator in the field of skill assessment, skill development and vocational aptitude tests of physically disabled persons. During skill assessment and development, as parts of the therapy, the focus is on the disabled functions. During vocational aptitude tests, however, the focus is already on the functions that remained intact and therefore can be the basis of returning to work. Some factual examples are provided to realize the proposed possibilities in practice.

  14. 浅析技能大赛与经管类专业职业教育改革%To Analyze the Impact of Vocational Students Skills Competition to the Reform of Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉娟

    2012-01-01

    Since the National Vocational Students Skills Competition have been taken for three years, it has improved the quality of vocational education greatly. It is a good method to accelerate the reform of vocational education which related with economic and management. It has been improved the quality of courses, subjects. Practicing and training bases, teaching staff, cooperation of colleges and businesses and students greatly. This article was based on the rich experiences to coach students to attend different levels and kinds of vocational skills competitions and teaching reform practices. Combining the characteristic of economic and management courses, the effect of vocational skills competitions to vocational education was analyzed from to direct the reform, to improve the quality and quantity of practicing and training bases, to foster more teachers who are both familiar with the theory and practice. The practices of colleges have taken to deepen the teaching reform through the students skills competition was to be discussed too.%全国职业院校技能大赛举办四年以来,有效的推动了职业教育质量的提高,对于经管类职业教育改革也提供了有效的抓手,在专业建设、课程改革、实训基地建设、师资队伍建设、校企合作的提升、学生塑造等方面都起到了极大的推动作用.本文立足多年指导学生参加各级技能大赛和教学改革的实践,结合经管类专业特点,从明确改革方向、促进实训基地建设、双师教师培养等方面分析了技能大赛对促进职业教育教学改革的作用,探讨了学院以技能大赛为抓手、深化教学改革的做法.

  15. Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

    This guide is designed to help local school administrators establish a viable public relations program that will open and maintain an effective communication channel between the school and community. The handbook defines public relations, suggests procedures and helpful hints in establishing good public relations programs, and provides resources…

  16. Energy and Power--Math. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

    A curriculum alignment chart is presented that translates mathematics goals/indicators into related vocational skills for the energy and power course in the secondary vocational education curriculum. The chart contains three columns that correlate (1) vocational education performance indicators, (2) vocational education competency and mathematics…

  17. A systematic review of income generation interventions, including microfinance and vocational skills training, for HIV prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Caitlin E; Fonner, Virginia A; O'Reilly, Kevin R; Sweat, Michael D

    2014-01-01

    Income generation interventions, such as microfinance or vocational skills training, address structural factors associated with HIV risk. However, the effectiveness of these interventions on HIV-related outcomes in low- and middle-income countries has not been synthesized. The authors conducted a systematic review by searching electronic databases from 1990 to 2012, examining secondary references, and hand-searching key journals. Peer-reviewed studies were included in the analysis if they evaluated income generation interventions in low- or middle-income countries and provided pre-post or multi-arm measures on behavioral, psychological, social, care, or biological outcomes related to HIV prevention. Standardized forms were used to abstract study data in duplicate and study rigor was assessed. Of the 5218 unique citations identified, 12 studies met criteria for inclusion. Studies were geographically diverse, with six conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, three in South or Southeast Asia, and three in Latin America and the Caribbean. Target populations included adult women (N = 6), female sex workers/bar workers (N = 3), and youth/orphans (N = 3). All studies targeted females except two among youth/orphans. Study rigor was moderate, with two group-randomized trials and two individual-randomized trials. All interventions except three included some form of microfinance. Only a minority of studies found significant intervention effects on condom use, number of sexual partners, or other HIV-related behavioral outcomes; most studies showed no significant change, although some may have had inadequate statistical power. One trial showed a 55% reduction in intimate partner violence (adjusted risk ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.23-0.91). No studies measured incidence/prevalence of HIV or sexually transmitted infections among intervention recipients. The evidence that income generation interventions influence HIV-related behaviors and outcomes is inconclusive. However, these

  18. The Requirement for Vocational Skills in the Engineering Industry in the Areas of Modena and Vienna. Synthesis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Mario; Mereu, Maria Grazia; Tagliaferro, Claudio; Markowitsch, Jorg; Neuberger, Robert

    Requirements for vocational skills in the engineering industry in Modena, Italy, and Vienna, Austria, were studied. In Modena, employees of a representative sample of 90 small, medium, and large firms in the mechanical processing, agricultural machinery, and sports car manufacturing sectors were interviewed. In Vienna, data were collected through…

  19. Use of Video Modeling to Teach Vocational Skills to Adolescents and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Keith D.; Wallace, Dustin P.; Renes, Diana; Bowen, Scott L.; Burke, Ray V.

    2010-01-01

    As part of a collaborative project between a University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities and a local private business, we examined the effects of video modeling to teach vocational skills to four adolescents and young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Video modeling was used to teach the participants to wear a WalkAround[R]…

  20. Industry 4.0 and digitalization call for vocational skills, applied industrial engineering, and less for pure academics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Bilberg, Arne; Grube Hansen, David

    2016-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how the industrial revolution of the future, Industry 4.0, will dramatically increase technological complexity, and how the vocational skills needed in today’s Industry 2.0 and 3.0 will require significant augmentation. Based on statements from policy makers and data from ...

  1. The effects of portfolio-based advice on the development of self-directed learning skills in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kicken, Wendy; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen; Slot, Wim

    2009-01-01

    Kicken, W., Brand-Gruwel, S., Van Merrienboer, J. J. G., & Slot, W. (2009). The effects of portfolio-based advice on the development of self-directed learning skills in secondary vocational education. Educational Technology Research and Development, 57(4), 439 - 460. DOI: 10.1007/s11423-009-9111-3

  2. Vocational Colleges Students,Vocational Skills Training Path Analysis%高职院校学生职业技能的培养路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林山

    2014-01-01

    Strengthening vocational college students vocational skills training ,is an important measure to implement the Party Central Committee ’s “to accelerate the development of modern vocational education”decision deploy,is important for promoting economic restructuring and upgrading,expanding employment and improving people’s livelihood. Currently,vocational college students vocational skills training targeting is not clear,and business needs do not match,incentive mechanism is not perfect protection and other issues,so they need to improve their understanding,deepen the curriculum,teaching mode and practice teaching reform,improve policy measures to create “double”teachers.%加强高职院校学生职业技能培养,是落实党中央“加快发展现代职业教育”决策部署的重要举措,对于促进经济转型升级、扩大就业和改善民生具有重要意义。当前,高职院校职业技能人才培养存在目标定位不够清晰、与企业需求不相匹配、激励保障机制尚不健全等问题,亟需提高思想认识,深化课程建设、教学模式和实践教学改革,完善政策措施,打造“双师型”教师队伍。

  3. Analysis on Modular Curriculum Setting and Higher Multiple Skilled Entrepreneurship Talent Training of Agriculture Related Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职涉农专业模块化课程设置与复合高技能型创业人才培养探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚宏伟; 张玉俊; 马林霞; 张开慧

    2015-01-01

    This paper systematically analyzed start-up prospects of higher multiple skilled entrepreneurship talent of the agriculture related majors in higher vocational colleges,proposed modular curriculum was the most effective way to cultivate such talents and directly determine the quality of their training,finally pointed out that the training of such talents would face the main problems and the main safeguard measures.The analysis has certain theory significance and outstanding practical value.%系统分析了高职涉农专业复合高技能型创业人才创业前景,提出模块化课程是培养此类人才的有效途径并直接决定其培养质量,最后指出此类人才培养面临的主要问题和主要保障措施,具有一定理论意义和突出的实践价值。

  4. Cosmetology--Science. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

    This guide is intended to assist vocational educators teaching a course in cosmetology to relate the skills addressed in science courses to a particular vocational education course. The guide consists of a curriculum alignment chart that cross-references vocational performance indicators to science skills/competencies. The science competency…

  5. The Relative Good of Work: Reconsidering Vocation Eschatologically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vos, Pieter

    2017-01-01

    Vocation, interpreted as the calling of every individual believer to serve God in ordinary life, has been an important feature of Protestantism. However, not only has the notion of vocation gradually disappeared from the late modern understanding of work and profession, the identification of vocation and work has also been criticized by…

  6. Development of the technical leadership skills scale in vocational and technical high school administrators: Reliability and validity studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökçe ÖZDEMİR

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop a scale for the determination technical leadership skills of vocational and technical high school administrators. For the study, the sample was comprised of a total of 236 vocational education teachers working at nine out of 22 technical and vocational high schools located in the Şahinbey and Şehitkamil districts of Gaziantep Province. The criteria for sample selection were twofold: (1 The selected schools are the longest established in the districts, and (2 the participant teachers had been working with the same school administrators at these schools for at least one year. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA were performed by the researcher in order to determine the construct validity of the scale. EFA results indicated that the scale had three sub-dimensions. The sub-dimensions were “Pedagogical and Social Skills”, “Managerial Skills”, and “Professional Skills”. The final form of the scale consisted of 40 items. Internal consistency coefficients of the scores taken from the sub-dimensions varied between .94 and .95. Research results concluded that the Technical Leadership Skills Scale (TLSS is a valid and reliable measurement instrument to determine technical leadership skills of vocational and technical high school administrators.

  7. Vocational Interests and Career Goals: Development and Relations to Personality in Middle Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschi, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Cross-sectional research implies a close relation of vocation interests, goals, and traits, yet little is known about their reciprocal development over time. This longitudinal study examined development of Things/People (T/P) and Data/Ideas (D/I) vocational interests and career goals in relation to Big Five personality traits among 292 Swiss…

  8. Consequences and Policy Implications for University Students Who Have Chosen Liberal or Vocational Education in Canada: Labour Market Outcomes and Employability Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Zeng; Sweet, Robert; Anisef, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Analyses suggest that the Canadian labor market favors vocational over liberal graduates with regard to employment status, income, job security, and job satisfaction. However, findings also indicate a surprising lack of difference between liberal and vocational graduates in their employability skills. Employers were nevertheless more likely to…

  9. Consequences and Policy Implications for University Students Who Have Chosen Liberal or Vocational Education in Canada: Labour Market Outcomes and Employability Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Zeng; Sweet, Robert; Anisef, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Analyses suggest that the Canadian labor market favors vocational over liberal graduates with regard to employment status, income, job security, and job satisfaction. However, findings also indicate a surprising lack of difference between liberal and vocational graduates in their employability skills. Employers were nevertheless more likely to…

  10. Improvements in primary care skills and knowledge with a vocational training program – a pre–post survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djalali S

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Sima Djalali, Ryan Tandjung, Thomas Rosemann, Stefan Markun Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Background: Facing the upcoming shortage of primary care physicians (PCPs, medical and governmental organizations have recently made major investments to foster vocational training programs in Switzerland, designed to provide context-specific training for trainees in primary care practices. Less is known about the impact of these programs on the skills and specific knowledge of trainees. We aimed to evaluate the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland’s largest Canton.Methods: We undertook a pretest–posttest study and surveyed physicians before and after participating in the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Swiss Canton of Zurich. All trainees who participated in the program from 2013 until the end of 2015 were eligible. Primary outcome was the proportion of trainees being confident about their professional, organizational, examination and management skills before and after completing vocational training. Secondary outcomes were the proportion of trainees stating knowledge gain in entrepreneurship and the proportion of trainees being motivated to pursue a career as PCP.Results: Data of 47 trainees participating in the vocational training between 2013 and 2015 were eligible. In total, 35 (74.5% participated in the T1 survey and 34 (72.3% in the T2 survey. At T2, significantly more trainees (T1: 11%−89%, T2: 79%−100% stated to be at least “slightly confident” about their skills (p<0.05 for each individual skill. Knowledge gain in entrepreneurship was highly expected and experienced by the trainees (55%−77% of respondents in case of medicine-specific contents, but hardly expected in case of general business contents (≤47% of respondents. Concerning trainees’ motivation to pursue a career as PCP

  11. Exploration on the Integration of Vocational Skills and Vocational Training Teaching%探讨职业技能鉴定和高职实训教学的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹华斌

    2011-01-01

    This paper combined with the current shortcomings in professional qualification certification of vocational schools,superficial analyzed how to better integrate vocational education training teaching and vocational skills.%本文结合目前职业院校职业资格认证工作中存在的一些不足之处,粗浅分析职业教育实训教学和职业技能鉴定工作如何更好的融合。

  12. Skills Competition Promoting Employment in Vocational Colleges%技能大赛促进职业院校就业工作研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝赵红

    2015-01-01

    National Vocational Skills Competition has become a high -profile one among vocational colleges, supported by the government and recognized by enterprises and society, which is closely related to the employment as the main objective of the vocational college development is to achieve high employment rates, Currently, there are such problems that the quality of employment needs to be improved, talent structural contradictions to be resolved and employment pathway to be expanded. The national contest can help improve the quality of employment, avoid structural contradictions in professional setting, expand employment channels, and enhance employment publicity. Therefore, it is worthy of study to promote the rapid development of the competition and the employment in vocational institutions.%全国职业院校技能大赛现已成为职业院校高规格比赛,得到了政府支持、企业合作和社会认可,而职业院校发展的主要工作目标之一又是实现高就业率,大赛与就业具有密切相关性. 目前,职业院校就业工作存在着就业质量有待提高、人才结构性矛盾突出、就业途径仍需拓展等问题,通过大赛可塑造学生提高就业质量、避免专业设置结构性矛盾、拓展就业途径、增强就业宣传效果. 因此,推动大赛快速发展,促进职业院校的就业工作是值得研究的课题.

  13. Promotion Research of Vocational Skills Competition for the Employment Entrepreneurship Training of Vocational Students%职业技能竞赛对高职学生就业创业能力培养的促进研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 于晓红

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of summarizing the skills competition experience of inside and outside the universities, this paper highlights the promoting role of skills competition on employment entrepreneurship training of vocational students, provides fresh case for the study of higher vocational education, but also provides a theoretical reference for the effective implementation of vocational skills competition.%本文在总结以往学院参加和组织的院内外技能大赛经验的基础之上,突出职业技能竞赛对高职学生就业创业能力培养的促进作用,为高等职业教育研究提供鲜活的案例,也为职业技能竞赛的有效开展提供理论上的参考。

  14. Maintaining Vocational Skills of Individuals with Autism and Developmental Disabilities through Video Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Laarhoven, Toni; Winiarski, Lauren; Blood, Erika; Chan, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    A modified pre/posttest control group design was used to measure the effectiveness of video modeling on the maintenance of vocational tasks for six students with autism spectrum disorder and/or developmental disabilities. Each student was assigned two vocational tasks at their employment settings and their independence with each task was measured…

  15. Relationships between Concept Mapping and Critical Thinking Skills of Vocational Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson-Davis, Shirley

    2012-01-01

    The task of developing vocational nursing students' critical thinking abilities is one of the greatest challenges facing nurse educators today. Licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) must be trained to think critically in order to provide safe patient care. Due to the expanded role and functions in the LVN's scope of practice, LVNs are making…

  16. Three-Capital Approach to the Study of Young People who Excel in Vocational Occupations: A Case of WorldSkills Competitors and Entrepreneurship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maia Chankseliani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the entrepreneurial inclinations of young people who achieved excellence in vocational occupations. We propose a three-capital approach to the study of entrepreneurship. Relying on the existing theories and original qualitative and quantitative data analyses, findings from interviews with 30 entrepreneurial and 10 non-entrepreneurial WorldSkills competitors show that psychological capital, social capital and human capital can be combined to explore how young people who excel in vocational occupations develop entrepreneurial mindsets. We show that training for and participation in the largest vocational skills event globally - WorldSkills competition - develops selected aspects of three capitals. However, we also discover that the entrepreneurial motivation precedes competitors' involvement with WorldSkills.

  17. 高职通信人才学历教育与职业技能的需求分析%Demand Analysis of Higher Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时野坪; 孙鹏娇

    2015-01-01

    Communication higher vocational talent cultivation and academic education and vocational skills training are inseparable, in order to solve the modern apprenticeship out of school enterprise cooperation joint training of personnel communication problems, this paper puts forward the will, vocational and technical education into daily talent of higher vocational colleges training scheme design, and the exploration and research of the.%高职通信人才的培养与学历教育和职业技能的培养密不可分,为了解决现代学徒制下走出校企合作联合培养通信人才的问题,文章提出了将职业技能教育融入到高职院校的日常人才培养方案中的设计,并对其进行了探索和研究。

  18. On Setting Skill Assessment Standard for Students of Electronic Measurement Technology in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职电子测量技术专业技能水平测评标准设计思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨少春

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a standard is planned to set for assessing the skills of the students of electronic measure- ment technology after referring to the national vocational qualification standards. The skills assessment standard is in- tended to set collaboratively by colleges and related enterprises and in accordance with the vocational-education plan. The index of the standard covers three levels of skills -general skills, basic professional skills and professional skills. The detailed scheme of the standard contains the key points of content and requirement, module, project and assessment method. It is hoped that the scheme can have a certain reference value on comprehensive, scientific and standardized evaluation of the higher vocational students' comprehensive skills level.%参照国家职业资格标准、依据人才培养方案、按照校企合作共同制定评价标准的原则,拟设计高职电子测量技术专业技能水平测评标准。该测评标准的评价指标包括三大块:基础技能、专业基础技能、专业技能,以此为基础,从内容、要求、关键点、模块与项目、测评方式等五个方面拟定具体设计方案,以供其他高职院校同类专业参考借鉴。

  19. 高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛发展与赛制完善%On Development and Improvement of Vocational Skills Competition among Students Majored in Automobile in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕天维

    2015-01-01

    At present, theresultsof students' vocational skill competition have become an important indicatorto weigh the comprehensive strength to run a schooland also an important assessment index of thesocial influence. This paper takes students' vocational skill competitionof automobile major as the research object, analyzes the development status of stu-dents' vocational skill competitionin automobilemajor, surveyes the main problems existing instudents' vocational skills competition in automobile major, and combined with the problems, proposes relevant countermeasures and suggestions.%当前,职业技能竞赛成果已经成为衡量高职院校办学综合实力和社会影响力的重要评价指标。以高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛为研究对象,分析了高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛发展情况,调研了高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛现存主要问题,并结合问题提出了有针对性的对策建议。

  20. Research on Strengthening and Improving Social Vocational Skills Training Mechanism%加强完善社会职业技能培训机制的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜树杰; 李炜; 侯晓静

    2016-01-01

    vocational skill training is an important constituent part of labor and social protection work and takes the important responsibility for strengthening the worker qualities and promoting eco‐nomic and social development .To strengthen and improve the social vocational skill training mechanism shall face and solve the problems existing in the current vocational skill training work . During the process of strengthening the fundamental capability establishment of vocational skill training and impro‐ving the modern vocational skill training mechanism ,it shall be highlighted to accelerate the modern vo‐cational education ,support and help the vocational education development so as to ensure every student to become talented and excellent .%职业技能培训是劳动和社会保障工作的重要组成部分,承担着增强劳动者的素质和促进经济与社会发展的重任。加强和完善社会职业技能培训机制应正视和解决当前职业技能培训工作中存在的问题,在加强职业技能培训基础能力建设,健全完善现代职业技能培训机制的探索中把加快发展现代职业教育摆在更加突出的位置,更好支持和帮助职业教育发展,为人人成才,人人出彩提供保障。

  1. 高职院校技能型会计人才培养的思考%The Thinking on Training the Vocational and Skilled Talents of Accounting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁敏

    2011-01-01

    高职教育的培养目标是为社会培养"高素质技能型人才",在会计专业的教学中,重点应结合社会实际,以职业素质、能力的培养为目标,以导向性教学为主体,强化实践性教学,提高学生的学习能力和实际应用能力.培养出掌握职业知识和专业技能,职业道德水平高,有一定的创新能力,具有服务社会和适应相关岗位需要的综合能力的高素质技能型会计人才.%The training goal of vocational education is to train "the talents of high qualities and skills" for the community. In the teaching of accounting specialty, combined with social reality, with professional quality and ability cultivation as cultivating goal, with orientation teaching as the main body, we strengthen the practical teaching and enhance students' learning ability and applied ability. Cultivate skilled accountant talents with high quality who master professional knowledge and professional skills, have high ethical standards, have certain ability to innovate, can serve the community and adapt to the related post requirement.

  2. On Ways of Cultivating Skilled Talents in Vocational Business English Teaching%高职商务英语技能型人才培养途径探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋志豪

    2012-01-01

    高职商务英语技能型人才的培养途径有利于其人才培养目标的更好实现。本文通过对高职商务英语教学现状的描述,从教学理念、教学模式、师资队伍建设等方面提出技能型人才培养途径的建议。%The ways of cultivating skilled talents in vocational business English teaching help to foster the feasibility of talent training objectives.In this paper we analyze the current teaching situation of vocational business English teaching and put forward the suggestions on cultivating skilled talents from the teaching concept,teaching mode,construction of teaching staff in order to improve vocational business English teaching.

  3. De La Salle Vocational Supportive Life Skills Learning Program Off Campus. Operational Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaus, Charles, Ed.

    Serving as a course planning guide and field aide, this handbook describes the philosophy, policies, and procedures of the De La Salle Vocational off-campus community-based day treatment center designed to effect the reshaping of basic values and attitudes of youngsters who are identified by the courts as maladjusted. Separate sections explain the…

  4. A Skills beyond School Review of Switzerland. OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazekas, Mihaly; Field, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of a changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? This report…

  5. A Skills beyond School Review of the Slovak Republic. OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazekas, Mihály; Kurekova, Lucia Mytna

    2016-01-01

    Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country…

  6. Significance of Educational and Vocational Counselling in Low-Skilled People's Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minta, Joanna; Kargul, Józef

    2016-01-01

    In the contemporary world, many people find themselves confused and challenged by unpredictability of life paths, labour market instability and necessary revisions to vocational careers. They may be helped by professional support institutions. For some people, seeking professional help when facing a predicament is evidence of resourcefulness.…

  7. Using Blogging and Laptop Computers to Improve Writing Skills on a Vocational Training Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsden, Nick; Piggot-Irvine, Eileen

    2012-01-01

    The action research project described in this paper was part of an initiative to bring about change in the way courses are delivered in the vocational trades area at UNITEC New Zealand. We decided to focus on students' writing on a new Level 3 course--the Certificate in Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (C.A.M.E.) in which all participants had…

  8. AN EVALUATION OF THE COMMUNICATION SKILLS AND EMPATHIC TENDENCIES OF STUDENTS ATTENDING POLICE VOCATIONAL SCHOOL OF HIGHER EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgür DİNÇER

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to find out whether Police Vocational School of Higher Education students comprehend the duties and responsibilities of being a police correctly and practice what has to be done through correct methods within this context; to e valuate their empathy tendencies and communication skills; to find solutions if they have any shortcomings in communication skills; to make up for their shortcomings in showing empathy or to strengthen their existing skills. The study included a total of 9 09 students attending Samsun 19 Mayıs Police Vocational School of Higher Education. Of these 909 students, 207 (45,6% females and 247 (54,4% males were in their first year while 252 (55,4% males and 203 (%44,6 females were in their second year. The dat a was collected through a 25 - item 5 likert scale developed by Korkut (1996 in order to understand how individuals evaluate their communication skills. The scale is scored from (1 never to (5 always. To find out empathy tendencies, Empathic Tendencies Sc ale developed by Dökmen (1988 was used. The scale is a Likert type scale; it includes 20 questions which are scored from 1 to 5. The lowest score a person can get from the scale is 20 while the highest score is 100. Frequency percentage was used to find o ut the age distribution of the group. Mean and standard deviation were used to present the group’s communication skill levels and independent groups t - test was used to present the state of differentiation based on gender, age and question factor. General c ommunication skills of the research group were below the average communication level score while their empathy tendencies were high. There were significant differences in communication levels in terms of their year of study, gender and their department at high school (P<0,05. As a result, studies of individual development in the education of professional groups which are interlocked with humans will enable an increase in

  9. Brief Report: A Pilot Summer Robotics Camp to Reduce Social Anxiety and Improve Social/Vocational Skills in Adolescents with ASD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaboski, Juhi R.; Diehl, Joshua John; Beriont, Jane; Crowell, Charles R.; Villano, Michael; Wier, Kristin; Tang, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This pilot study evaluated a novel intervention designed to reduce social anxiety and improve social/vocational skills for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intervention utilized a shared interest in robotics among participants to facilitate natural social interaction between individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD)…

  10. A Comparative Study of the Critical Thinking Skills among the Students of Accounting and Software in the Female Technical and Vocational University in the City of Borojerd

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagheri, Mahdi; Nowrozi, Reza Ali

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare the critical thinking skills among the students of accounting and software in the female technical and vocational university in the city of Borojerd. This study is a descriptive-comparative research. The statistical population of this study includes the female students of accounting and software in the…

  11. Nebraska Vocational Agribusiness Curriculum for City Schools. Career Opportunities in Agribusiness. Basic Skill in Agribusiness. A Curriculum Guide. 10th Grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    Designed for use with high school sophomores, this agribusiness curriculum for city schools contains thirty-one units of instruction in the areas of career opportunities in agribusiness and vocational agribusiness skills. Among the units included are (1) Career Selection, (2) Parliamentary Procedure and Public Speaking, (3) Career Opportunities in…

  12. Evaluation of the Relationship between Critical Thinking Skills and Affective Control in Child Training Students of the Female Technical and Vocational College in the City of Broujerd

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeili, Zohreh; Bagheri, Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    This study is a descriptive-correlational study with the purpose of evaluating the relationship between critical thinking skills and affective control in child training students of the female technical and Vocational College in the city of Broujerd. Statistical population of this study consisted of all students in the field of child training of…

  13. 以技能大赛为契机推进中职会计教学%Skills competition as an opportunity, promoting vocational accounting teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琼薇

    2014-01-01

    举办职业院校技能大赛,是我国职教工作的重大设计和创新,也为推进职业教育教学改革指明了方向。通过分析会计技能比赛的特点以及技能大赛对于会计专业教学改革的影响,提出如何依托会计技能竞赛为契机,推进中职会计教学。%Skills competition held in vocational schools, vocational work is our major design and innovation, but also to promote vocational education and teaching reform of the direction. By analyzing the characteristics of accounting skills competition and Skills Competition Reform of Accounting for the impact of proposed how to rely on accounting skills competition as an opportunity to promote vocational accounting teaching.

  14. Brief Report: A Pilot Summer Robotics Camp to Reduce Social Anxiety and Improve Social/Vocational Skills in Adolescents with ASD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaboski, Juhi R.; Diehl, Joshua John; Beriont, Jane; Crowell, Charles R.; Villano, Michael; Wier, Kristin; Tang, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This pilot study evaluated a novel intervention designed to reduce social anxiety and improve social/vocational skills for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intervention utilized a shared interest in robotics among participants to facilitate natural social interaction between individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD)…

  15. Using participatory action research to improve vocational skills training for marginalised youth in Uganda : Experiences from an early school-leavers' project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukundane, Cuthbert; Zeelen, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    Although vocational education and training is considered to be a good option for improving livelihood opportunities for marginalised youth in developing countries, it often suffers from an image problem. This situation affects the quality of entrants, instruction and skills acquisition in training

  16. MS-Related Brain Changes May Affect Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... html MS-Related Brain Changes May Affect Social Skills Study might explain why some multiple sclerosis patients ... level. The participants took tests to gauge their skill in inferring other people's beliefs, desires and intentions. ...

  17. From professional skilled worker to vocational teacher: experiences from lectures and guidence in academic writing among first year students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marit Lindset

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Students pursuing a bachelor’s degree in the Vocational Teacher Education program find that good writing skills are a prerequisite to complete their education. As educators in this program, we experience that many students struggle to master the requirements for academic writing in higher education. For this reason, two teachers from the Vocational Teacher Education bachelor’s degree program in Trondheim undertook a study with the purpose of exploring how first-year students experienced an introductory course in academic writing and different forms of feedback on assignments (written, oral, and digital.Theory: The study relies mainly on Illeris’s Learning Theory.Method: Data collection is based on 24 reflection logs of 12 first-year students during 2014–2015. The analysis is based on Lindseth and Norberg’s phenomenological–hermeneutical method.Result: The findings of the study show that students experience the introductory course in academic writing as absolutely necessary and of great importance for the development of their writing competence. Specifically, responses written directly in the text in addition to a summary are forms of feedback students perceive as important and helpful. Along with oral responses, digital responses are central for developing confidence and motivation to continue working.Conclusion: First-year students express insecurity and vulnerability in regard to the writing process. They experience the writing course as essential and see aspects of written, oral, and digital guidance as important to the process of completing academic assignments in Vocational Teacher Education. Written feedback is perceived as absolutely necessary.

  18. The Function of Tacit Knowledge in Cultivating Vocational Skills%意会知识在职业技能养成中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺俊刚

    2014-01-01

    This paper has analyzed the concept of tacit knowledge, and described the important role of tacit knowledge in cultivating vocational skills from the theoretical and practical aspects. Tacit knowledge can not only improve the teaching quality and vocational competition quality of vocational schools, but enrich the content of vocational courses to promote cultural development of vocational education campuses. Because the proportion of tacit knowledge varies, approaches of cultivating professional skills should be different.%本文分析了意会知识的概念,从理论与实践两个层面阐述了意会知识在职业技能养成中的重要作用。意会知识能有效提高职业院校教学及职业竞赛质量,完善与丰富职业课程内容,促进职业教育校园文化建设。因意会知识所占比例不同,职业技能培养方法应有所不同。

  19. Assessments of "Learning-Related Skills" and "Interpersonal Skills" Constructs within Early Childhood Environments in Singapore"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Sok Mui; Rodger, Sylvia; Brown, Ted

    2010-01-01

    Social skills are necessary for developing successful relationships and promoting learning. "Interpersonal skills" (IPS) are needed for maintaining friendships while "learning-related skills" (LRS) are required for positive classroom behaviours. In this study, we investigated the construct validity of LRS and IPS within two existing assessments:…

  20. Construction and Enlightenment of Finland Vocational Skills Competition System%芬兰职业技能竞赛体系的构建及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓梅

    2015-01-01

    Finland skills competitions are important factors for the country to enhance the attractiveness of vocational education and ensure steady economic growth. Finland skills association organizes national vocational skills competition system including Taitaja, Taitaja PLUS and Taitaja9. It connects with the European skills competition and the world skills competition in the organization structure and competition contents with the characteristic of openness and has an effect on youngsters'future planning. Finland voca?tional skills competition system has realistic enlightenment to the innovation of skills competition in China in the three aspects of pro?moting influence of vocational education, cultivation of employment ability and integration of competition training into professional teaching.%芬兰技能竞赛是国家提升职业教育吸引力、保障经济持续稳定增长的重要因素.芬兰技能协会组织包含Taitaja、Taitaja PLUS、Taitaja9在内的国家职业技能竞赛体系,与欧洲职业技能竞赛及世界技能竞赛在组织结构与赛项内容上层级衔接,具有开放性特征,并对青少年未来规划产生影响.芬兰职业技能竞赛体系在职业教育影响力提升、就业能力培养及竞赛训练融入专业教学等三个方面,对我国技能竞赛创新具有现实的启示作用.

  1. Capital-Skill Complementarity and Rigid Relative Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose Skaksen, Jan; Sørensen, Anders

    2004-01-01

    be countercyclical. The labor market is competitivein the United States and therefore relative wages of skilled labor are expected to becountercyclical. We find that the business cycle development of the two economiesis consistent with capital-skill complementarity.Keywords: capital-skill complementarity, relative......The relative demand for skills has increased considerably in many OECD countriesduring recent decades. This development is potentially explained by capital-skillcomplementarity and high growth rates of capital equipment. When productionfunctions are characterized by capital-skill complementarity......, relative wages and employmentof skilled labor are countercyclical because capital equipment is a quasi-fixed factor in the short run. The exact behavior of the two variables depends onrelative wage flexibility. Relative wages are rigid in Denmark, implying that the employmentshare of skills should...

  2. Impact of Life Skills Training to Improve Cognition on Risk of Sexual Behavior and Contraceptive Use among Voca-tional School Students in Shanghai, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the impact of life skills training that uses participatory teaching method on improving reproductive health cognition of vocational school students of metropolitan, China.Methods Three vocational schools of an urban district in Shanghai were selected as the research sites, with two schools as the intervention groups(group A and group B) and the other as the control(group C). Group A was provided life skills training with core of reproductive health plus peer education, while group B only provided life skills training. All the second grade students were recruited as the subjects. Baselinesurveys were conducted in three schools before the implementation of the intervention, and similar surveys were conducted after two terms of the intervention to test the effectiveness of the intervention. In total, 1 612 subjects, including 810 males and 802 females, were recruited. The effects of the intervention on subjects' cognitions on sexual behavior and condom/contraceptive use were analyzed using mixed model with repeated measures.Results From pretest to posttest, there were significant increase of the proportions of perceiving risks in getting pregnant, infecting STDs and HIV, benefits by learning and using condom, and self-efficacy in contraceptive use, and decrease of the proportions of perceiving barriers for condom use in two intervention groups; while few similar changes in the control group. In mixed modeling analysis, interaction effects of group A × time and group B × time were found on the scores of perceived risks (P<0.000 1), perceived benefits (P<0.000 1), perceived barriers (P=0.001 2 for group A and P=0.003 4 for group B), and perceived self-efficacy (P<0.000 1). The significant difference of the effects between two interventions was only observed on perceived benefits (P<0.000 1).Conclusion Life skills training using participatory approaches is effective in improving students' reproductive health cognition and could be used as an

  3. The HEXACO and Five-Factor Models of Personality in Relation to RIASEC Vocational Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Derek A.; Tokar, David M.

    2012-01-01

    The current study extended the empirical research on the overlap of vocational interests and personality by (a) testing hypothesized relations between RIASEC interests and the personality dimensions of the HEXACO model, and (b) exploring the HEXACO personality model's predictive advantage over the five-factor model (FFM) in capturing RIASEC…

  4. Postconcussive Complaints, Anxiety, and Depression Related to Vocational Outcome in Minor to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Horn, Harm J.; Spikman, Jacoba M.; Jacobs, Bram; van der Naalt, Joukje

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the relation of postconcussive complaints, anxiety, and depression with vocational outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of various severities and to assess sex differences. Design: A prospective cross-sectional cohort study. Setting: Level I trauma center.

  5. Using the internet: skill related problems in users’ online behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Deursen, Alexander Johannes Aloysius Maria; van Dijk, Johannes A.G.M.

    2009-01-01

    This study extends the conventional and superficial notion of measuring digital skills by proposing definitions for operational, formal, information and strategic skills. The main purpose was to identify individual skill related problems that users experience when navigating the Internet. In particu

  6. Research on Higher Vocational Student Professional Skill Quality Cultivation Methods%高职学生业务技能素质养成的方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志强

    2015-01-01

    Aiming to the present situation of higher vocational student professional skill quality, it analyzes the research meaning of current higher vocational student features and its professional skill cultivation method. By the curriculum education cyber gamification, skill base training and professional skill manage-ment culture construction, it can work out the problems of higher vocational student profession skill quality cultivation.%针对高职学生的业务技能素质现况,分析目前高职学生的特点及其业务技能素质养成方法的研究意义;通过课程教育网络游戏化、技能基地训练和业务技能管理文化建设等途径,可以较好地解决高职学生业务技能素质养成的感知、熟知和精准问题。

  7. Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Effects of Optimism, Intrinsic Motivation, and Family Relations on Vocational Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Yun-Jeong; Kelly, Kevin R.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the effects of optimism, intrinsic motivation, and family relations on vocational identity in college students in the United States and South Korea. The results yielded support for the hypothesized multivariate model. Across both cultures, optimism was an important contributing factor to vocational identity, and intrinsic…

  8. Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Effects of Optimism, Intrinsic Motivation, and Family Relations on Vocational Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Yun-Jeong; Kelly, Kevin R.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the effects of optimism, intrinsic motivation, and family relations on vocational identity in college students in the United States and South Korea. The results yielded support for the hypothesized multivariate model. Across both cultures, optimism was an important contributing factor to vocational identity, and intrinsic…

  9. 职教集团化办学助推高技能型人才培养质量%Vocational Group High Schools Boost Skilled Personnel Training Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙桂芳

    2014-01-01

    加快发展现代职业教育,就是要主动适应中国经济升级版的需要。职业院校是技能型人才主要只要培养基地。这样的人才类型决定了必须以校企合作的方式共同参与培养。随着我国经济社会的不断发展,企业对技能型人才需求愈来愈多,对技能型人才的质量要求也越来越高,组建职教集团化办学是解决技能型人才匮乏和质量的有效途径,发挥职业院校和企业优势互补的办学模式,更好促进职业院校和企业人才供需的对接。%Accelerate the development of modern vocational education, is the need to take the initiative to adapt to an up-graded version of the Chinese economy. Vocational schools are mainly skilled personnel as long as the training base. Such personnel must determine the type of joint participation by way of school-enterprise cooperation culture. With the continuous development of China's economy and society, business demand for skilled personnel more and more skilled personnel for in-creasingly high quality requirements, the formation of the Group of vocational schools is an effective way to solve the short-age of skilled personnel and quality, vocational schools and enterprises play complementary school system, promote better vocational schools and enterprises docking talent supply and demand.

  10. The Crisis Discourse of a Wicked Policy Problem: Vocational Skills Training in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrick, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    In 2007 the Rudd Labor government in Australia introduced significant changes to education policy for the nation. The "Skilling Australia's Future" (Rudd et al. "Skilling Australia for the future. Election 2007 policy document," 2007) policy was meant to redress a perceived failure by the previous Howard federal Liberal-National Coalition…

  11. An Assessment of Workplace Skills Acquired by Students of Vocational and Technical Education Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakar, Ab Rahim; Mohamed, Shamsiah; Hamzah, Ramlah

    2013-01-01

    This study was performed to identify the employability skills of technical students from the Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) and Indigenous People's Trust Council (MARA) Skills Training Institutes (IKM) in Malaysia. The study sample consisted of 850 final year trainees of IKM and ITI. The sample was chosen by a random sampling procedure from…

  12. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  13. Predictors of relational skills development on user intimacy preservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otília Zangão

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To understand which variables are predictive of the development of dimensions of relational skills in preserving the user’s privacy. Methods: A descriptive study - correlational of quantitative approach. Available population - students of the degree in nursing from two schools. Data collection tools: questionnaire characterization of the students, the clinical context and an Inventory of Relational Skills of Help. Processing data using the IBM® SPSS® Statistic Software. Procedures performed to comply with the ethical and legal component of nursing research with humans. Results: We have identified three statistically significant predictors: School, Year, Monitoring in Clinical Teaching through the predictors of screening methods (check Forward, Backward selection and Stepwise selection. We did the analysis for each of the dimensions of relational skills, generic skills, empathetic skills, communication skills and contact skills. Conclusions: The variables “year of the course” and “school A or B” are predictors of relational skills and in all aspects of these skills, which means they have explanatory power in the development of relational skills in these students.

  14. 浅谈技能大赛促进中职教学改革%Introduction to skills contest to promote secondary vocational teaching reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝雪芬; 覃志奎

    2014-01-01

    职业技能大赛是依据国家职业技能标准,结合生产和经营工作实际开展的以突出操作技能和解决实际问题能力为重点的、有组织的群众性活动。其目的是通过大赛,将职业教育质量建设转移到服务生产、生活和服务发展上来;通过大赛,鼓励学校教师钻研专业、改革教学、强化技能、提高质量。因此,技能大赛实现人才培养与企业需求的无缝对接,也成为中职学校教育教学改革的“风向标”,构建教学模式,调整专业课程设置,改变教学方法,创新办学机制。%Vocational skills contest is on the basis of national vocational skills standard, carried out in combination with actual production and management work in order to highlight the operation skills and ability to solve a practical problem focused and organized mass activities. Its purpose is through the competition, will be transferred to the vocational education quality construction services, service development, production, living and come up; Through competition, to encourage teachers to delve into professional, teaching reform, strengthening the skills and improve quality. Skills contest, therefore, to realize the seamless docking the talent training and the demand of enterprise, has become a secondary vocational school education teaching reform of "barometer", build the teaching mode, adjust the professional curriculum, change teaching methods, innovation mechanism.

  15. Work-related learning and skill development in Europe: Does initial skill mismatch matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferreira Sequeda, Maria; Künn, Annemarie; de Grip, Andries

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides more insight into the relevance of the assumption of human capital theory that the productivity of job-related training is driven by the improvement of workers’ skills. We analyse the extent to which training and informal learning on the job are related to employee skill developm

  16. Work-related learning and skill development in Europe: Does initial skill mismatch matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferreira Sequeda, Maria; Künn-Nelen, Annemarie; de Grip, Andries

    2017-01-01

    This paper provides more insight into the assumption of human capital theory that the productivity of job-related training is driven by the improvement of workers’ skills. We analyze the extent to which training and informal learning on the job are related to employee skill development and consider

  17. INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF CHEMICAL TEACHING MATERIALS ON MATERIAL BASED THERMOCHEMICAL SOFT SKILLS FOR VOCATIONAL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D. Purnawan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Business and industrial field need workers who have not only good academic achievement but also the ability of hard skills and soft skills.  In order to prepare students who have a good academic skills, hard skills, soft skills it has to be done in all subjects including chemistry expertise to integrate the competencies of Motorcycle Engineering.  The research design uses One Group Pretest Posttest Design imposed on students in class XI SMK 1 Kedung TSM. Validator assessment results indicate that teaching materials developed very feasible for use in learning chemistry.  The result show that the learning device by using the integrated chemistry materials can increase students understanding of the thermo chemistry material with the acquisition of N-gain is at 0.63 or in the medium category.  Group of high-achieving students have the score of N-gain of 0.65, while the medium-achieving students get 0.63 and low-achieving students get 0.61, all have medium category.  Percentage  of students who passes the mastery learning  if mastery learning (KKM > 75 or reach 87 %.  The percentage of students’ soft skills in at least good criteria is at 87.10 %.  Students gave positive responses  90.71 % towards the learning material that is developed.

  18. 从技能竞赛看职业教育教学改革%On Vocational Education Teaching Reform from the Angle of Skills Competition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯小毛; 马凌

    2011-01-01

    本文简单介绍了国家在长期教育改革和发展规划纲要对职业教育的要求,分析了技能竞赛的意义,指出了技能竞赛对提高教学质量、促进教学改革等方面的作用,提出了职业教育教学的几点思考.%This paper briefly introduced the national education reform and development in the long-term planning for vocational education outline requirements. The meaning of skill competition is analyzed and the function of skill competition to the improving of teaching quality and promoting of teaching reform are proposed and the thoughts of vocational teaching are put forward.

  19. 高职英语技能培养的研究与实践%Research and Practice of Vocational English Skills Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尚姣

    2012-01-01

    高职英语技能培养的研究与实践是一个教学改革实验,目的是要在高职进行一系列的教学模式、评价体系以及课堂教学方法的改革.经过一段时间的实践后,最终要达到培养高职学生英语技能,即听、说、读、写、译的目的。%Vocational English skills development research and practice is a teaching reform experiment, aim to made teaching mode in higher vocational evaluation system, and the reform of classroom teaching methods. After a period of practice, and ulfmately to achieve cultivate the students' English language skills - listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation purposes.

  20. Improving the Quality of Education and Teaching in the Vocational Skills Competition%以职业技能大赛提升教育教学质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁露

    2016-01-01

    北京财贸职业学院近年来在职业技能大赛方面积极尝试,围绕比赛开展了多种多样的教育教学探索工作,2014年初次参加了世界职业技能大赛北京赛区选拔赛。本文将就学生参赛的心理辅导、职业技能训练、校企合作指导比赛、构建比赛管理与服务机构等问题进行研究,试图寻找通过大赛,检验教师的职业能力、提高行业影响力的方法,挖掘管理部门提升管理服务水平的规律性,实现顺利完成参赛任务,带动学生职业能力和就业能力提升的目标。%In recent years, Beijing College of Finance And Commerce has made an active trial in vocational skills competitions with a variety of education exploration work focusing on the competitions. In 2014, it turned up ifrst time in the world vocational skills competition Beijing preliminaries. This article will make a study on the psychological counseling to the student participants, vocational skills training, cooperation between school and enterprise,the building of competition management and service organization, in the hope to ifnd the way to check the teachers’professional ability and improve its industry inlfuence;to exploit management department to improve the management level, and ifnally achieve the goal of successful completion of the task and also the promotion of both the students' professional and employment ability key words:vocational skills competition.

  1. Explore Vocational College Highly Skilled Experimental Class Training Model%高职院校高技能实验班培养模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁志刚

    2014-01-01

    高职学生就业难的问题也日渐显现,一个最重要的原因是毕业生职业技能素质低,缺少实践经验。本文提出的建立高职实验班,实行先调研再设置相应课程的理念,满足学生在学校期间积累更多的工作经验、提升技能,解决了学习深度和广度相结合、学习与就业相适应的高技能实用人才模式的问题。%Vocational students appeared increasingly difficult employment issues, one of the most important reasons is the low quality of graduates of vocational skills, the lack of practical experience. Establishment of experimental vocational clas-ses, the implementation of the first survey and then set the appropriate course of philosophy, to meet the students to accumu-late more work experience during school and upgrade their skills to solve the combination of the depth and breadth of learning, learning to adapt to the high employment, proposed solving skills and practical talents mode.

  2. Context-Driven Entrepreneurial Education in Vocational Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharmila Sandirasegarane

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Vocational Education and Training (VET is offered throughout the world to students of various educational backgrounds and career aspirations in an effort to create a skilled workforce. The structure of VET varies greatly across different fields and countries with high-growth, low-growth, and transitional economies. However, a common critique of many vocational institutions is that they focus on skills training without addressing related business systems. Thus, students may not understand the business strategies related to their field, which stifles job readiness and entrepreneurial potential. To counter this, a more context-driven and integrated entrepreneurial approach is proposed for VET. Benefits, disadvantages, and exemplars of various types of vocational and entrepreneurial programs are evaluated to determine how their strengths might be leveraged. Such integrated entrepreneurial and vocational training would more suitably address context-specific market needs via both practical and transferrable skills, thus helping to reduce unemployment, particularly among youth in sub-Saharan Africa.

  3. Essential competencies analysis of a training model development for non-formal vocational teachers under the office of the non-formal and informal education in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Chayanopparat Piyanan; Charungkaittikul Suwithida; Ratana-Ubol Archanya

    2016-01-01

    Non-formal vocational education provides practical experiences in a particular occupational field to non-formal semi-skilled learners. Non-formal vocational teachers are the key persons to deliver particular occupational knowledge. The essential competencies enhancement for non-sformal vocational teachers will improve teaching performance. The question of the research is what the essential competencies for the nonformal vocational teachers are. The research method was 1) to review related lit...

  4. Transferable Skills Representations in a Portuguese College Sample: Gender, Age, Adaptability and Vocational Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Magda

    2012-01-01

    The departing point of this study is the theoretical framework of "Making the Match project" (Evers and Rush in Management Learning 27:275-299, 1996) about how to develop a common language among stakeholders regarding transferable skills. Thus, the paper examines the impact of demographic variables (age and gender) and developmental…

  5. Reform Skill Course Examination Form in Higher Vocational Colleges%试论高职高专技能课考核形式之改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊

    2012-01-01

    技能课是实现高职高专培养目标的主干课程,技能课考核内容和方向是实现培养目标和技能课课程目标的最重要的保证措施之一。应改革技能课考核形式,采用表现性评价方式,运用绝对评分法,制定技能课考核量表,引领技能课教与学的内容和方向,提高学生的职业技能水平。%Skill courses are the main ones to realize the aims of higher vocational education; the content and direction of skill course examination is one of the most important assurance measures to achieve the training goals and curriculum objectives. We should reform examination forms, and apply performance assessment, and apply absolute scoring, and work out skill course evaluation scale, thus leading content and direction of skill courses and promoting students' vocational skill level.

  6. 浅谈高职院校职业技能鉴定的互动与契合%On the Integration of Professional Skill Assessment in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭晓辉

    2011-01-01

    职业教育与职业技能鉴定的互动与契合是高职院校未来发展的一个重要趋势。中国高职院校的教育定位是能力本位,职业技能鉴定和职业资格证书制度的核心是能力培养,高职教育与职业技能鉴定互动与契合的着力点是能力建设,这一思路将影响、推进中国的高等职业教育发展。%The interaction and integration of vocational education and professional skill assessment is an important trend of future development of higher vocational colleges.Vocational education in China is competency-based.The core of professional skill and vocational qualification certificate system is capacity building.Vocational education and vocational skills certification will focus on capacity building.The idea will influence and promote China's higher vocational education.

  7. 技能比赛在教学改革中的作用%The Role of Vocational Skills Competition in Teaching Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨杰

    2015-01-01

    职业技能比赛对于职业院校提高学校教学质量,提高学校师资水平有很大的作用。只有认识到技能教学工作的重要性,以技能训练推动教学改革,通过技能比赛的要求加强学校基础能力建设,学校的教学水平才能有效提高,培养的学生才能受到企业的欢迎。%The vocational skills competition for vocational colleges to improve the quality of school teaching, improve the level of school teachers have very big effect. Only realize the importance of teaching skills, skills training to promote teaching reform, through skills match the requirement of strengthening the basic ability of the school building, school teaching can effectively improve, cultivate the students ability was welcomed by enterprises.

  8. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  9. The Scheme Design of Promoting Professional Teaching Evaluation System with Vocational Skills Competition%以职业技能竞赛形式进行技能教学考核的方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖春红

    2016-01-01

    以职业技能竞赛形式进行技能教学考核是一项考核制度的变革,考核的方案设计紧扣产业发展和岗位需求,根据技能教学的教学目标,以提升学生整体职业素质为目的。以职业技能竞赛作技能教学考核手段的方案设计拥有不同于传统开闭卷形式考试的优势,这一考核方案的实施可以使学生较早地接触行业前沿技术,明确岗位工作的职责和任务,为将来的职业发展打好基础,对强调学生技能水平的职业教育而言具有现实可能性和可操作性。%This is a reform of the examination system in the form of vocational skills competition in professional skill teach-ing evaluation. According to the teaching goal in teaching skills, the design scheme is linked to related industry and position re-quirements closely, to enhance the overall professional quality of students. It is different from the traditional open and close book examinations. The implementation of the evaluation scheme can make students contact with cutting-edge technologies of the industry early, clear job responsibilities and tasks and provide a basis for future career development. It has a realistic possibility and maneuverability for vocational education that emphasizes students' skills.

  10. Developing Vocational Competences during Secondary School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behle, Heike

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Using the example of an amalgamated secondary school qualification (International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme--IBCP), in which both vocational education and training (VET) and academic subjects are taught, the paper aims to discuss the use of skills and knowledge gained during the IBCP for post-secondary school activities.…

  11. 高职院校学生求职技巧初探%Job-seeking Skills of the Students in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马奎杰

    2012-01-01

    Vocational colleges are to develop technologybased compound talents as the main goals of education in higher education. Vocational college graduates, college graduates in the global financial crisis aftermath continue, China's colleges and universities generally enrollment deposit encountered serious difficulties in finding jobs, the vast talent on the market and even graduate students and undergraduates, doctoral students to compete on the same stage even more difficult. But the gra duates of vocational colleges there are age, physical intelligence, to grasp the basic practical skills and other advantages. Students in vocational colleges only to find a way out through extensive job search skills, highlighting the advantages, weaknes ses, stand out in the intense competition in the job.%高职院校是以培养技术型、复合型人才为主要教育目标的普通高等院校。在全球金融危机余波不断、我国高校普遍扩招的今天,高校毕业生遭遇到严重的就业困难,在广阔的人才市场上与本科生甚至是研究生、博士生同台竞争的高职院校毕业生就业更是难上加难。但高职院校的毕业生存在着年龄小、体力智力强、掌握基本实用工作技能等优势。高职院校学生只有通过丰富求职技巧、突出优势来寻找出路,扬长避短,在激烈的求职竞争中脱颖而出。

  12. USE OF MOTIVATION, SAME-AGE-TUTORING AND EVALUATION AND LENGHTY EXAMINATION TO LEARN AND TEACH COMPUTER SKILLS TO VOCATIONAL SCHOOL TEACHERS TO MAKE THEM "COMPUTER TEACHER"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HALİT HAMİ ÖZ

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Because of the restructuring of the health education and services there was a severe shortage of manpower and teachers who were competent in using and/or teaching of computers and information technology. This was the first emperical study explicitly focusing on instructional strategies to influence learners' emotions; focusing on fear, envy, anxiety, sympathy, and pleasure, to teach basic computer skills to the vocational school teachers to a level which they can also teach basic computer skills to their students. A total of 48 (65% of 75 teachers from the study group started to teach basic computer skills to their students in addition to their normal teaching duties when they returned to their previous posts.

  13. Employers’ View on Problems Related to Workforce Skills and Qualification

    OpenAIRE

    Klimplová Lenka

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this exploratory study is to reveal employers’ views on problems related to workforce human capital (skills and qualification). Where do employers themselves view the core of difficulties with ensuring adequately skilled workforce? Do they assign them to technological and organizational changes (a functional concept of job-specific human capital obsolescence), or do they see these problems as a result of other circumstances, such as macro-structural conditions or institutional sett...

  14. The role of information technology in empowering the Technical and Vocational University students in entrepreneurial skills through Futures Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azadeh Vahdani Reshvanlooee

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Today, the tempo and growth of technological evolution has helped outstanding development in the world of science to happen. The emergence of modern technology has influenced the evolution of educational system of universities and higher-education institutions. Thus, the role of universities, with their social responsibilities and commitment, in satisfying the industrial and technological requirements of development must be emphasized. Here, the three missions of a university, that is, education, research, and service rendering in line with the social commitment and responsibilities for industrial and technological development is required to be concentrated and studied. Thanks to the missions they have, universities can serve as the nerve system for human societies because of the fact that they enjoy an endless source of knowledge which industry and technology can benefit from and share. Hence, it appears that one cannot achieve the goals by relying solely on the traditional framework of planning and reconstructing the cause; rather, it is required that modern and efficient approaches be employed to restructure and help gain excellence through establishing an institution where it can, by rendering services and products to the society, generate valuable results for the society. The purpose of the present study was to emphasize the necessity and significance of futures studies and to investigate the role information technology in empowering the technical and vocational university students in their entrepreneurial skills to develop business and work since experience has shown that the success of an organization depends on properly and duly understanding the environmental variables, predicting the threats and opportunities, and preparing the groundwork to achieve the goals set. Moreover, understanding and acquiring the required skills appropriately and overcoming the potential threats in the long term can help provide innovative and desirable

  15. Reflection on Undertaking the Skills Competition in Vocational Colleges%职业院校技能大赛赛事承办及思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万学春

    2015-01-01

    The contents of the skills competition in vocational colleges in China are gradually close to the development direction and reflect the key technological problems of the professional field, and they play a more and more obvious part in the orientation of running a school and professional development. The organization and undertaking of the skills competition is the key to the successful completion of it. The paper discusses the implementation of undertaking a competition and summary after a competition of the provincial selection competition for a nationwide vocational skills competition.%全国职业院校技能大赛的赛项内容逐步顺应了职业领域的发展方向, 体现在职业领域的技术攻关上, 对职业院校的办学方向和专业发展起着促进作用. 技能大赛赛事的组织和承办工作是技能竞赛圆满完成的关键, 本文就全国职业院校技能大赛中某赛项省级选拔赛承办工作的开展及赛后的总结进行探讨.

  16. 提升高职学生茶叶营销职业技能的研究%Research on Improving Tea Marketing Skills for Higher Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田天沐

    2016-01-01

    文章结合茶叶和营销的特点提出可以从市场开拓与营销组合策划、网络营销与电子商务、营销创新等方面提升高职学生茶叶营销职业技能。%This paper puts forward the improvement of higher vocational studentˊs tea marketing skill from market develop-ment and marketing mix planning,internet marketing and e-commerce,marketing innovation by combining the characteristics of tea and marketing.

  17. Relation of Spatial Skills to Calculus Proficiency: A Brief Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cromley, Jennifer G.; Booth, Julie L.; Wills, Theodore W.; Chang, Briana L.; Tran, Nhi; Madeja, Michael; Shipley, Thomas F.; Zahner, William

    2017-01-01

    Spatial skills have been shown in various longitudinal studies to be related to multiple science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) achievement and retention. The specific nature of this relation has been probed in only a few domains, and has rarely been investigated for calculus, a critical topic in preparing students for and in STEM…

  18. Relation of Spatial Skills to Calculus Proficiency: A Brief Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cromley, Jennifer G.; Booth, Julie L.; Wills, Theodore W.; Chang, Briana L.; Tran, Nhi; Madeja, Michael; Shipley, Thomas F.; Zahner, William

    2017-01-01

    Spatial skills have been shown in various longitudinal studies to be related to multiple science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) achievement and retention. The specific nature of this relation has been probed in only a few domains, and has rarely been investigated for calculus, a critical topic in preparing students for and in STEM…

  19. Teacher Leader Human Relations Skills: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roby, Douglas E.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, 142 graduate school teachers working in schools throughout southwestern Ohio assessed their human relation skills. A human relations survey was used for the study, and results were compared with colleagues assessing the teachers in the study. The survey was developed using a Likert-type scale, and was based on key elements affecting…

  20. Teacher Leader Human Relations Skills: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roby, Douglas E.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, 142 graduate school teachers working in schools throughout southwestern Ohio assessed their human relation skills. A human relations survey was used for the study, and results were compared with colleagues assessing the teachers in the study. The survey was developed using a Likert-type scale, and was based on key elements affecting…

  1. Skill-Related Fitness of Undergraduate Kinesiology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaniol, Frank J.; Jarrett, Lindsey M.; Ocker, Liette B.; Bonnette, Randy A.; Melrose, Don R.

    2013-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to investigate the skill-related fitness levels of undergraduate kinesiology majors in relation to the general population of college students of the same age, to investigate whether a difference exists between females and males in overall performance, and to examine the relationship between fitness and kinesiology…

  2. 不同性别医学生职业能力及人际交往能力的调查%Study on vocational skill and interpersonal skill among medical students with different gender

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓利; 李长城; 刘克俭; 崔彩岩; 宋菁; 张裕曾; 刘芸; 鲁翠荣

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨医学生不同性别对其职业能力与人际交往能力的影响.方法 采用《职业生涯规划测验量表》对294例某医学院在校男生及174例在校女生进行问卷调查,对调查结果进行分析.结果 医学院在校男女生职业能力得分区间为60~240分,主要分布在120 ~149分;交往水平得分区间为20 ~ 120分,主要分布在40~ 49分;人际交往得分区间为15 ~56分,主要分布在30~ 34分,经x2检验,男生与女生在职业能力方面差异无统计学意义(x2=8.215,P>0.05).结论 医学生的性别对其职业能力及人际交往无影响.%[Objective]To study the effect of the different gender on medical students' vocational skill and interpersonal skill. [ Methods] Career Planning Scale was adopted to carry out questionnaire survey on 294 cases of male medical students and 174 cases of female medical students. The results were analyzed. [ Results ] The interval of vocational ability score of male and female medical students was 60-240 points, mainly distributed in 120-149 points. The interval of the communication level score of male and female medical students was 20-120 points, mainly distributed in the 40-49 points. The interval of interpersonal communication score of male and female medical students was 15-56 points, mainly distributed in the 30-34 points. There was no significant difference between male and female medical students in vocational skill(x2 = 8. 215, P>0. 05). [ Conclusion]The gender of medical students has no effect on their vocational skill and interpersonal skill.

  3. Workplace skills and the skills gaps related to employee critical thinking ability and science education curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, William A.

    In recent years, business and industry have been vocal critics of education. Critics complain the American workforce, particularly young people, are deficient in workplace skills. A survey of 500 randomly selected Ohio businesses was used to determine opinions of respondents related to workplace skills gaps, rising skill levels, and level and type of critical thinking used on the job by all employees and entry-level employees. Four of 18 science outcomes promoted by the Ohio Department of Education had an application in business and these required critical-thinking skills to complete. These four formed the foundation in the survey because they provided a connection between thinking skills required on the Ohio 12 th Grade Proficiency Test and those required on the job. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to identify correlation between responses. The alpha level was p ≤ .05. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was conducted to identify significant (p ≤ .05) relationships between variables as represented by responses. In addition, one version of the Science Section of the Ohio 12th Grade Proficiency Test was analyzed for use of critical thinking using the SCAN's critical-thinking attributes as a standard. There were several findings related to workplace skills and critical thinking. Only 17.1% of respondents indicated dissatisfaction with the basic academic skill level of their employees. A majority (71.1%) of responding businesses perceived a lack of work ethic as more important than deficient academic skills. Only 17.1% of respondents reported the skill level of their entry-level employees was rising. Approximately 1/3 of responding businesses required no critical thinking at all from their entry-level employees. Small businesses were significantly more likely to require higher levels of critical thinking from their entry level employees than larger businesses. Employers who reported rising skill levels in entry-level employees required all of

  4. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  5. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  6. The Triple Shift: Student-Mothers, Identity Work and Engagement with Low-Status Vocationally Related Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Paul H.

    2017-01-01

    This paper discusses a piece of qualitative research that examined the narratives that a group of learners articulated when they discussed their experiences of studying on a relatively low-status, vocationally related higher education programme. These students were school-based teaching assistants who were undertaking foundation degree study at a…

  7. The Effectiveness of Problem-based Learning Approach on Students’ Skills in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Specifically on Programming Course Using a Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) Simulator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    using a Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) simulator. The study will use data from the German-Malaysian Institute in Malaysia. The findings of this study will provide a general guideline for educators in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions in implementing Problem......Industry has a great need for highly skilled technicians that graduate from Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET). In a study started at Aalborg University (AAU) the purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of the (PBL) approach on students’ skills, in particular on programming course...

  8. 当前大学生职业技能培训的状况及问题分析%Analysis of the Situation and Problems of Contemporary College Students' Vocational Skills Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱冬

    2014-01-01

    针对当今大学生职业技能培训的现状及问题,提出了开展大学生职业技能培训的对策,以期提高大学生的就业竞争力,解决大学生就业困难的问题。%According to the present situation and problems of vocational skills training of today's college students, some strategies of training students' vocational skills are put forward to enhance the employment ability and competitiveness of college students to solve employment problems.

  9. Analytical and critical thinking skills in public relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalibor Jakus

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents more or less independent reasons why analytical and critical thinking skills should be essential part of public relations. Generally, it is considered that the analytical and critical thinking skills are part of public relations, as well as creative thinking, but they should be considered separately and given the codes of ethics of the profession used as initial criteria. For the purpose of the study, in this article is presented the result of the survey in which determine importance of using analytical and critical thinking skills in the implementation of PR projects. The second aim in the survey was to identify the target audience and how they react to the placed information.

  10. 失地农民职业技能培训的政府责任探究%Farmers' Vocational Skill Training to Explore the Government Responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘丽丹

    2011-01-01

    Land-lost farmers employment problem is becoming more and more serious, which has affected the social stability and economic development. The government should pay high attention to the farmers' vocational skills training, clear farmers' skill training in%失地农民就业问题越来越突出,已影响到社会稳定和经济发展。政府应高度重视失地农民职业技能培训问题,明确在失地农民技能培训中的职能和责任,改善绩效是理想政府的职能和责任。

  11. 以技能大赛为契机,促进天津职业院校发展%Take Skill Competition as an Opportunity to Boost the Development of Vocational Colleges in Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦洁

    2015-01-01

    The national vocational college skill competition is one of the national level vocational skill competition program .It leads the reform of vocational college education .Based on the platform of this competition ,completely utilizing its leadership ,influence and anti -driving mechanism to advance the combination of vocational colleges and enterprises and to explore the modern education mechanism of vocational college’s work-and-learn cooperation ,find the training model of cooperation between vo‐cational colleges and enterprises ,realize the all -round reform of vocational education to better service the construction and development of economy .%全国职业院校技能大赛作为国家级职业技能竞赛项目对于职业院校教育教学改革是一种引领。通过全国职业院校技能大赛这个平台,充分发挥其导向、影响力、倒逼机制,促进职业院校和行业企业产教结合,探寻职业院校工学结合的现代教学体制;探索职业教育校企融合的人才培养模式,实现职业教育全方位的教学改革,更好地为经济建设和发展服务。

  12. 职业技能型课程有效教法群的构设%On the Construction of Effective Teaching Method Group of Vocational Skills Curricula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹巧; 李媛; 聂少涛

    2016-01-01

    In order to improve the teaching effectiveness of vocational skills curricula, based on the theories of educational modeling, teaching optimization and effective teaching, the author selects five teaching methods, such as situational teaching method, task driven teaching method, autonomous learning guide teaching method, role-playing teaching method, academic achievements process evaluation method, and follows the order structure of“perception”,“thinking”,“action”and“feedback”, to construct the effective teaching methods group applicable to the teaching of vocational skills curriculum according to the requirements of five key behaviors of effective teaching.%为提高职业技能型课程教学有效性,依据教育建模、教学最优化、有效教学等理论,选用情境教学法、任务驱动教学法、指导自主学习教学法、角色扮演教学法、过程性学业评价法五种教学法,遵循“感知”“思考”“行动”和“反馈”的顺序结构,按照有效教学的五种关键行为要求,构建适用于职业技能型课程教学的有效教法群。

  13. How to Deal With Computer Skills for Vocational Students%浅谈中职学生如何应对计算机技能考证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝国英

    2011-01-01

    随着就业竞争的不断加大,中职学生在专业学习,实习,就业中需要具备较高的计算机理论知识及实践操作技能,我校越来越多学生报考计算机技能证书,本文主要阐述笔者根据多年的教学经验进行了分析和研究,帮助中职学生在备考中对题型、内容进行分析,使考生更好更快的掌握重点、关键知识并顺利通过考试。%With the increasing competition for jobs,vocational students in professional learning, internships,employment in the computer need to have a higher theoretical knowledge and practical skills,more and more students for my school certificate in computer skills,this paper describes based on years of teaching experience in the analysis and research to help vocational students in the pro forma in the right kinds of questions,content analysis,the focus of the candidates better and faster grasp of the key knowledge and successfully pass the exam.

  14. The Practica and Exploration on Secondary Vocational Electrical Skills%中职电工技能的实践与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳红

    2012-01-01

    在中职生的培养过程中,应同时注重实践操作能力的培养和基础理论知识的学习,使两者有效结合并应用于一线生产实际。由于电工技术的特殊性决定了电工实验实训方面占据着整个授课过程的主要部分,抓好学生技能实训。培养学生动手能力就显得比较重要了。本文就电工专业技能实训的现状、任务和特点以及如何做好电工技能实训做些探讨,希望达到指导中职电工技能实训的效果。%In vocational training process, should also focus on practical operation ability and basic theoretical knowledge of learning, so that the two effective first-line combination and applied to actual production. As the specificity determines that the training in electrical engineering laboratory occupies a major part of the teaching process. Do students) job skills training well, develop students' ability becomes more important. In this paper, the status of electrical skills training, tasks and characteristics, and how to do a good job of electrician skills training, hope to get the vocational guidance effect of electrical skills training.

  15. Problematic Issues Related to the Systematic Teaching of Affective Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruff, Frances K.; Roberts, Jane M. E.

    This paper presents a discussion of three problem areas that were delineated during the course of a field test designed to assess the effects of the "Heartsmart Adventures," an interpersonal skills curriculum developed from the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation (FIRO) Theory as described by William C. Schutz. Students and teachers…

  16. Vocational technical and adult education: Status, trends and issues related to electronic delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberg, D.

    1973-01-01

    Data are analyzed, and trends and issues are discussed to provide information useful to the systems designer who wishes to identify and assess the opportunities for large scale electronic delivery in vocational/technical and adult education. Issues connected with vocational/technical education are investigated, with emphasis on those issues in the current spotlight which are relevant to the possibilities of electronic delivery. The current role of media is examined in vocational/technical instruction.

  17. The Relative Influence of the Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit on High School Girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    A new treatment, the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), was developed to increase the number and variety of vocational options a person considers, to increase the variety of information-seeking activity, and to increase the satisfaction a person has with his or her current vocational aspiration. The VEIK is a 15-step self-administered…

  18. 高职院校物流管理专业技能考核模式创新研究%Higher Vocational Colleges Logistics Management Professional Skills Assessment Mode Innovation Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张家鹏

    2014-01-01

    At present our country's higher vocational education has made many achievements,but there is a gap in colleges skills assessment and corporate talent requirements for most of the students in higher vocational.This is a bottleneck for the higher vocational education development.Discussion on China's higher vocational logistics management professional students skill examination mode from an empirical perspective by combining foreign vocational education,hopes to provide a new ideal for the similar professional skill appraisal.%目前我国的高职教育已经取得多项改革成果,但大多数高职院校在学生的技能考核和企业的人才需求上面存在着差距,这就形成了高职教育的发展瓶颈。因此,文中通过结合国外职业教育,从实证角度出发阐述我国高职物流管理专业学生技能考核新模式,希望对类似专业的技能考核提供新的思路。

  19. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  20. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  1. The Impact of Intensive Vocation-Related Course Taking on Employment Outcomes for Individuals Who Are Deaf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cawthon, Stephanie W.; Wendel, Erica M.; Bond, Mark P.; Garberoglio, Carrie Lou

    2016-01-01

    Individuals who are deaf have historically faced significant obstacles to equity in employment. This secondary analysis of data from the second National Longitudinal Transition Study (NLTS2) examined (a) intensive vocation-related courses taken by students who are deaf and (b) their impact on long-term employment outcomes. Deaf students in general…

  2. Are You Interested? A Meta-Analysis of Relations between Vocational Interests and Employee Performance and Turnover

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Iddekinge, Chad H.; Roth, Philip L.; Putka, Dan J.; Lanivich, Stephen E.

    2011-01-01

    A common belief among researchers is that vocational interests have limited value for personnel selection. However, no comprehensive quantitative summaries of interests validity research have been conducted to substantiate claims for or against the use of interests. To help address this gap, we conducted a meta-analysis of relations between…

  3. Blended learning as a solution to practice-related problems in vocational schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Hanne Wacher; Duch, Henriette Skjærbæk; Mark, Lene

    2013-01-01

    Four different types of vocational schools have experimented with blended learning as a way of dealing with problems faced in their students’ theoretical and practical training and the interplay between these. A large part of this has involved the need for differentiated teaching...... as will be illustrated through selected cases. The foci of the cases are: •How can students be part of school-based teaching and learning during periods of practical training? •How can authentic practice be brought into school-based practical training? •How may blended learning assist and support students who...... are otherwise challenged in terms of meeting the prescribed competence goals? Methodologically, scenarios have been employed as a tool for defining the practice-related problems teachers meet in their practice and describing ways in which blended learning may present solutions. Subsequently, the solutions have...

  4. Employers’ View on Problems Related to Workforce Skills and Qualification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimplová Lenka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this exploratory study is to reveal employers’ views on problems related to workforce human capital (skills and qualification. Where do employers themselves view the core of difficulties with ensuring adequately skilled workforce? Do they assign them to technological and organizational changes (a functional concept of job-specific human capital obsolescence, or do they see these problems as a result of other circumstances, such as macro-structural conditions or institutional settings? To answer these questions selected employers in mechanical engineering and information technology sectors in the Czech Republic were interviewed. The results show that the employers see the problems: 1 on the side of workforce – insufficient abilities and skills, exaggerated demands and low motivation; 2 as inadequate capacities and capabilities of the organization itself; 3 at macro-level as institutional shortcomings in the initial educational system and social benefits system. The problems related to workforce skills and qualification cannot be, thus, interpreted only in the functionalist view as job-specific human capital obsolescence, but the formulation of the problems is significantly affected by the institutional framework.

  5. A Closer Look at Social Skills and School Performance: Students' Peer Relations Skills and Assertion Skills as Predictors for Their Written and Oral Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurkowski, Susanne; Hänze, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Students' individual learning is supposed to be based on cognitive and social processes. Therefore, students' social skills are assumed to play an important role for school performance. This study set out to investigate the links between students' peer relations skills and assertion skills and their grades for written performances and oral…

  6. A Closer Look at Social Skills and School Performance: Students' Peer Relations Skills and Assertion Skills as Predictors for Their Written and Oral Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurkowski, Susanne; Hänze, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Students' individual learning is supposed to be based on cognitive and social processes. Therefore, students' social skills are assumed to play an important role for school performance. This study set out to investigate the links between students' peer relations skills and assertion skills and their grades for written performances and oral…

  7. Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

    2013-01-01

    In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

  8. 谈职业技能鉴定工作中信息化建设的作用%Discussion on the Effect of Informatization in Vocational Skill Accreditation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄鑫

    2012-01-01

    With the constantly implementation of national vocational qualification certificate system, the scale of vocational skill accreditation is rapidly expanding. Informatization has become a best way to solve some bottleneck problems in vocational skill accreditation. Through analysis of the important role of informatization in vocational skill accreditation, and according to the development status of informatization in all parts of our country, the insufficiencies of informatization work in vocational skill accreditation are pointed out in this paper. In addition, some proposals are put forward to improve the building-up of official website and online system of examination affairs administration, intelligent examination platform, vocational standards and database of accreditation tests.%随着国家职业资格证书制度的深入落实,职业技能鉴定规模迅速扩大,信息化建设是解决目前鉴定工作所面临瓶颈问题的最有效途径。通过分析职业技能鉴定工作中信息化建设的重要作用,结合国家及各地方的发展现状,指出鉴定工作在信息化建设方面存在的不足,并提出一系列关于加强鉴定工作网建设、在线考务系统和智能化考试平台及职业标准和题库资源建设的建议。

  9. An Alumni Assessment of MIS Related Job Skill Importance and Skill Gaps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkerson, Jerod W.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a job skill survey of Management Information Systems (MIS) alumni from a Northeastern U.S. university. The study assesses job skill importance and skill gaps associated with 104 technical and non-technical skill items. Survey items were grouped into 6 categories based on prior research. Skill importance and skill…

  10. An Alumni Assessment of MIS Related Job Skill Importance and Skill Gaps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkerson, Jerod W.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a job skill survey of Management Information Systems (MIS) alumni from a Northeastern U.S. university. The study assesses job skill importance and skill gaps associated with 104 technical and non-technical skill items. Survey items were grouped into 6 categories based on prior research. Skill importance and skill…

  11. Some Issues of Micro and Small Enterprises in Wolaita Soddo Town of SNNPR, Ethiopia and Implication for Technical and Vocational Education and Skills Training: Leather Sector in Extra Emphasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginja, Tamirat Gibon

    2016-01-01

    Technical and Vocational Education & skills Training (TVET) and Micro & Small Enterprises (MSEs) are so significant sectors in socio-economic development journey of a country. This Article was aimed at investigating empirically the challenges that Micro and Small Enterprises facing and the extent of business development services provided…

  12. Relation between paralinguistic skills and social skills in adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorđević Mirjana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Facial expressions and prosodic acoustic characteristics jointly present paralinguistic features of communication. By analyzing literature, we observe that respondents with intellectual disabilities manifest emphasized difficulties in detecting emotions in tasks of facial and vocal expression. However, we do not know if there are data on how paralinguistic abilities correlate with social skills in adults with intellectual disabilities. This research was conducted in order to determine the relation between the ability of paralinguistic production and paralinguistic understanding, on one side, and social skills on the other side. The sample consisted of 44 adults of both genders with mild (N=22 and moderate intellectual disabilities (N=22, aged between 20 and 50 (M=32.41, SD=9.36. The Paralinguistic scale from the battery for the assessment of communication (The Assessment Battery for Communication, Abaco, Sacco et al., 2008 was used for the assessment of paralinguistic skills, and three subscales of Vineland adaptive behavior scale - teaching form (Sparrow, Cicchetti & Balla, 2006 were used for the assessment of social skills. The results show that the achievement on subscales of Playing and leisure time positively correlated with the ability to understand emotions in communication (r = 0.486, p < 0.05 in respondents with mild intellectual disability. Achievements on the subscales Skills of adapting had a moderate and positive correlation with the ability to understand emotions in communication (r=0.522, p<0.05 in subjects with mild intellectual disability. Statistically significant correlations between the examined variables were not observed in the group of respondents with moderate intellectual disability. We can conclude that in adults with mild intellectual disability the ability to understand emotional paralinguistic elements significantly correlates with the ability to organize social activities and to adapt behavior in social interactions.

  13. Forms of School Experience in France's Vocational Training Track Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capdevielle-Mougnibas, Valérie; Courtinat-Camps, Amélie

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the existing relations between the social background, the cognitive skills, the sense of schooling experience, the relation to learning and the professional project in the construction of the meaning of their course choice for French boys living in working-class families and guided to vocational studies. It presents the…

  14. PBL教学对高职学生软技能的影响研究%On the Impact of PBL Teaching on Vocational Students'Soft Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高国柱

    2014-01-01

    运用自行设计的PBL教学质量问卷,考察PBL教学对高职学生软技能的影响。结果表明,PBL教学能显著提升学生的软技能,特别是学生的自我管理技能;PBL教学中教学准备、问题质量、教师态度、教师行为和学生搜集资料的水平对高职学生人际关系、组织管理技能、自我管理技能、职业情操和认知技能存在不同程度的正相关,并且对它们的变异有不同程度的解释,尤其表现在教学准备和问题质量两方面,证实问题质量是PBL教学的核心。%The self-designed questionnaire about the impact of PBL teaching on vocational students 'soft skills shows that PBL can significantly promote the students'soft skills,especially their self-management skills; teaching preparation,the quality of prob-lems,teachers'attitude,teachers'behavior and students'data collecting abilities in PBL teaching have different levels of positive correlation to the students'interpersonal relationship ,organization and management skills ,self-management skills ,professional sen-timent and cognitive skills;and the former can provide explanation to the variations of the latter in some way .It is proved that the quality of problems is the core of PBL teaching .

  15. Counselling skills to improve Nursing Relational System within the NICU.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannacciulli, C

    2012-05-01

    The relationships amongst healthcare providers, as well as between these and the patients/families they care for, are currently experiencing profound changes in Italian hospitals, and--more generally--in the whole Italian health system, thus reproducing similar changes concomitantly occurring in most Western countries. A growing body of evidence suggests that nurses play a central role in the proper development of a healthy and transparent communication between caregivers and patients/families in all neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). This article discusses the current knowledge in this area, and provides further evidence supporting the introduction in all NICUs of specific educational and training tools for nurses in order to promote the use of counselling skills. The implementation of specific counselling skills can improve the Nursing Relational System within the NICU, ultimately helping in better addressing the parental relational needs in the NICU.

  16. Vigorously Promote the Peasant Workers' Vocational Skills Training%大力促进农民工职业技能培训

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周利兵

    2015-01-01

    The weak position of rural migrant workers in essence is the lack of human capital, especially for the education of less, low level of education, skills, professional quality is poor, weak ability to learn."Labor shortage" and "skilled worker shortage" coexist at the same time, fully reflects the serious shortage skilled skilled migrant workers in our country.Vigorously promote the peasant workers ' vocational skills training, to help support the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure and realize the comprehensive rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, help migrant workers stable employment in the city and settled in the city, will help carry forward Chinese traditional spirit, craftsmen modern industrial workers, promote the realization of "China", "China to create", help to eliminate social exclusion between classes, realizes the social integration and social solidarity.In order to vigorously promote the peasant workers ' vocational skills training, must adhere to government-led, increase special training funds, and detailed management, adopt various training modes, hierarchical classification training in stages.In addition, to strengthen the construction of information platform, realize the effective integration and reasonable sharing information resources, makes the migrant workers is convenient, quick access to vocational skills training information. Energized to training institutions, to strengthen the construction of teachers ' team, ensure the training effect, to realize the positive role of training and employment.%农民工的弱势地位本质上在于人力资本的欠缺,突出表现为受教育年限少、学历水平低、技能职业素质差、学习能力偏弱. "民工荒"与"技工荒"同时共存,充分反映了我国熟练技能型农民工严重供给不足. 大力促进农民工职业技能培训,有助于支撑产业结构转型升级与实现中华民族全面复兴,有助于农民工群体在城市稳定就业及落户城市,

  17. 浅谈高职生人际沟通能力的培养途径%The Pathway to Vocational Students' Interpersonal Communication Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭华华; 刘喻

    2012-01-01

    Vocational college students form a large group of higher education in China. It's important and urgent to pay enough attention to them and their skills in interpersonal communication. The paper analyzes the current problems of vocational students in interpersonal communication and proposes an appropriate solution to prodive some references on this issue.%高职院校学生是我国高等教育中的一个庞大群体,需要关注他们的成长、成才,尤其是如何处理人际关系问题是摆在当前高职院校教育工作者面前的一个重要而紧迫的任务。文中分析了当前高职生在人际沟通中出现的问题及影响因素,提卅了相应的解决途径,期望对当前高职学生人际沟通能力的培养有所启示。

  18. 试论如何提高高职学生的应用写作能力%On How to Improve Vocational College Students' Application Writing Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寸汝花

    2014-01-01

    以培养提高学生应用写作能力为目标,针对当前高职应用写作教学出现的困难和问题进行分析反思,从注重教学实用性,改革教学方式方法,激发学生学习积极性,强化教师素质等方面着手,提出解决问题的策略。%To develop and improve students writing skills for the target application, and analyzed for vocational applied writing to reflect the current difficulties and problems arise, from a focus on teaching practical, the reform of teaching methods to stimulate students' enthusiasm, and strengthen the quality of teachers and other aspects, proposed problem-solving strategy.

  19. Discussion on Teaching Skills of Secondary Vocational Basic Computer Courses%中职计算机基础课程的教学技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘思勤

    2015-01-01

    本文通过分析中职计算机基础课的现状,针对中职学生的学习特点,结合作者的教学实践和经验,探讨出一系列贯穿整个教学过程的,连续的,具可操作性的教学技巧。而这些技巧归根结底还是体现在如何提高学生学习的兴趣,引导学生主动学习的问题上。文章中提出的种种技巧都是经过现实教学验证的,可以显著地提高教学的质量,对中职计算机基础课程的教学有一定的参考价值。%Through the analysis of the functional status of the various basic computer classes for vocational students learning characteristics, combined with the author's teaching practice and experience, to explore a series throughout the teaching pro-cess, continuous, with operability teaching skills. And these skills is reflected in the final analysis on how to improve students' interest in learning, guide students in active learning problems. All kinds of tips are to undergo a proposed verification of the reality of teaching, can significantly improve the quality of teaching, vocational teaching basic computer courses have some reference value.

  20. 高职院校举办技能竞赛若干问题的思考%Thinking on Several Issues of Higher Vocational College Skills Contest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴汉生; 邓永光

    2014-01-01

    It takes higher vocational college certain manpower ,material and financial resources ,time and space to hold skills contest annually ,which is complicated for school management .This paper discusses problems worth studying about how to or‐ganize the contest well ,like the construction of internal skills contest management mechanism ,the setting of competition pro‐ject ,the ways of organization ,the funds management ,etc .Solving these problems will play a significant role in promoting the positive factors from all aspects ,and the teaching reform of higher vocational education .%高职院校每年举办技能竞赛要投入一定的人力、物力、财力和时间、空间等多种资源,是一项复杂的学校管理工作。怎样才能组织好这项活动,有许多问题值得探究,其中包括高职院校内部技能竞赛管理机制的构建、技能竞赛项目的设置、技能竞赛的举办方式以及技能竞赛经费的管理等,解决好这些问题,对于调动各方面的积极因素,发挥技能竞赛对推进高职教育教学改革的助推器作用具有十分重要的意义。

  1. Optimizing the Teaching of Accounting Specialty in Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Skill Competition%以技能大赛为导向优化高职会计专业教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莲; 张莉

    2016-01-01

    To hold national vocational skill competitions is a system innovation of higher vocational educa-tion in our county.By carrying out various forms of skill competitions,classroom teaching and practice teaching are more closely combined together to lead the education and teaching reform in higher voca-tional colleges.Under this background,combining the problems existed in the present stage of the ac-counting professional teaching and research,it is of great significance to optimize the accounting profes-sional teaching in higher vocational colleges oriented by skill competitions.%举办全国高职院校技能大赛,是我国高职教育的一项制度创新。通过各种形式技能竞赛的开展,使课堂教学与实践教学更加紧密地结合起来,引领了高职院校的教育教学改革。正是在这种背景下,结合现阶段会计专业教学中存在的问题,研究以技能大赛为导向优化高职院校会计专业教学具有重要意义。

  2. Analysis of the business English teaching reform based on the job skills training in higher vocational school%基于岗位技能培养的高职商务英语教学改革探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓格红

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the higher vocational colleges should foster the students' skills as the center. Based on this,the English Teaching in higher vocational colleges should be market-oriented employment,the job skills training as the core,modularization teaching system,con-structing language+professional skill,compound talents cultivating the market needs at the.%  高职院校的教学目标应以培养学生的岗位技能为中心。基于此,高职院校的英语专业教学应以市场就业为导向,以岗位技能培养为核心,构建语言+专业+技能的模块化教学体系,培养市场需要的一专多能的复合技能型人才。

  3. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  4. On the Mergence ways of Career Humanistic Quality and Vocational Skills Training in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校职业人文素质教育与职业技能培养相融路径探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温雪秋

    2014-01-01

    Vocational humanistic education and vocational skills training are two complementary aspects of personnel training in vocational colleges. In order to change the current phenomenon of"value skills, underrate humanities,"we must change the educational philosophy, optimize the curriculum, upgrade the teacher quality, construct a campus culture environment, achieve the mergence of career humanistic quality and vocational skills training,so as to promote the overall development of students, achieve the training objectives and meet the needs of the community.%职业人文教育与职业技能培养是高职院校人才培养相辅相成的两个方面。要改变高职教育“重技能、轻人文”的现状,必须从转变教育理念、优化课程设置、提升师资队伍、营造校园文化环境等方面着手,实现职业人文素质教育与职业技能培养的融合、渗透,促进学生的全面发展,实现人才培养目标、满足社会需求。

  5. PENGEMBANGAN SOFT SKILL BERBASIS KARIR PADA SMK DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Utaminingsih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the study was to find and develop the soft skill learning model based careers on Vocational High School (SMK with Tourism Cluster through a set of tryout and validation. The soft skill development based careers was expected to improve Vocational High Schools’ graduates and fulfill the qualifications which were set by BI (Business and Industry. It was relevant to the President’s policy to improve Indonesian workers. The specific purposes of the study were: (1 to formulate the development of soft skill model design based careers on Vocational High School, (2 to find the soft skill development model based the effective careers on Vocational High Schools, (3 to compile the soft skill model guidance. This study used Research and Development approach, then continued to the field study process, developing the model design, tryout and finally, validation. At the introduction study, it was identified the values and soft skills supporting careers in business and industry. Then, those values became the foundation to (1 formulate the model design, and (2 compile the model develop the soft skills collaboratively involving the parties and stakeholders related to Vocational High Schools with Tourism Cluster, (3 create an effective model guidance. From the process of development above, it was obtained the model design and the soft skill development model guidance to improve the graduates’ careers.

  6. Individual Skill Predictors of the School- and Career-Related Adjustment of Adolescents with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinkney, Christopher J.; Murray, Christopher J.; Lind, John R.

    2012-01-01

    In this investigation, the authors examine the relationship between individual skills (i.e., career locus of control [LOC], social skills [SOC], and social problem-solving skills [SPSS]) and the school- and perceived career-related adjustment of 211 students with disabilities. Data pertaining to individual skills were gathered from student…

  7. Action Mechanism of Relation Skills of Villager Autonomy Organizations on Operation Performance of Farmer Households

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhui; WU; Jintao; HE; Huazhong; LI

    2015-01-01

    Through building " relation skills- knowledge acquisition- operation performance",this paper discussed action mechanism of relation skills of villager autonomy organizations on operation performance of farmer households. On the basis of questionnaire survey of 208 farmer households in Guangdong,it studied influence of relation skills of villager autonomy organizations on operation performance of farmer households from hierarchical relation skills and market relation skills,and introduced knowledge acquisition as mediator variables to discuss the influence mechanism. Results indicate that relation skills and knowledge acquisition have positive influence on operation performance of farmer households,knowledge acquisition takes intermediate action on market relation skills and operation performance,while hierarchical relation skills promote improvement of operation performance only through acquisition of explicit knowledge.

  8. The Effects of a Problem Solving Intervention on Problem Solving Skills of Students with Autism during Vocational Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakubova, Gulnoza

    2013-01-01

    Problem solving is an important employability skill and considered valuable both in educational settings (Agran & Alper, 2000) and the workplace (Ju, Zhang, & Pacha, 2012). However, limited research exists instructing students with autism to engage in problem solving skills (e.g., Bernard-Opitz, Sriram, & Nakhoda-Sapuan, 2001). The…

  9. The Effects of a Problem Solving Intervention on Problem Solving Skills of Students with Autism during Vocational Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakubova, Gulnoza

    2013-01-01

    Problem solving is an important employability skill and considered valuable both in educational settings (Agran & Alper, 2000) and the workplace (Ju, Zhang, & Pacha, 2012). However, limited research exists instructing students with autism to engage in problem solving skills (e.g., Bernard-Opitz, Sriram, & Nakhoda-Sapuan, 2001). The…

  10. The Utilisation of Skilled Artisans as Vocational Instructors in Secondary Schools in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whawo, D. Duwovwiji

    1993-01-01

    Investigates the feasibility of hiring skilled craftspeople to teach practical workshop skills in secondary-level prevocational courses in Nigeria. Presents results of a survey of 200 artisans to determine their willingness to teach full- or part-time and minimum salary requirements. Indicates that 85.6% were willing to teach. Discusses…

  11. Student Voice in "Skills for Sustainability": A Missing Component from the Demand Side of Australian Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mike; Sack, Fabian; Piper Rodd, Chelsea

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of the Green Skills Agreement ratified by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 2010 provides the national policy context for this analysis of skills for sustainability. Data from three different but complementary studies provide powerful insight into the attitudes and perceptions of young people who are studying, or…

  12. An Investigation of Professional Skill Status of Teachers in Secondary Vocational Schools%中等职业学校教师专业技能状况的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建芹; 李运萍

    2013-01-01

    通过对河南省6所中等职业学校教师专业技能现状的调查,文章呈现了中等职业学校教师的教学设计技能、课堂教学技能、教学评价技能、教学研究技能等四个方面的专业技能现状及存在的问题,并提出了提高中等职业学校教师专业技能的建议,为教师自身专业成长提供方向,为教师培训提供借鉴,加快教师专业成长。%Through an investigation of professional skills status of teachers in 6 secondary vocational schools of Henan,this article analyzed four aspects and of current professional teaching skill in secondary vocational schools ,i. e.design skill,classroom teaching skill,teaching evaluation skill,and teaching research skill.and discussed some existing problems.It put forward some suggestions to improve the professional skills of teachers in secondary voca -tional schools,offer correct directions for teacher’s professional growth and some reference for teacher ’s training, and prompt teacher’s professional growth.

  13. Children's Expressive Language Skills and Their Impact on the Relation between First-and Second-Language Phonological Awareness Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, J. Marc; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Farver, JoAnn M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the cross-language relations between the phonological awareness (PA) skills of preschool children learning more than one language are dependent upon their first-and second-language oral language skills. Four hundred sixty-six Spanish-speaking language minority children participated in this study.…

  14. Children's Expressive Language Skills and Their Impact on the Relation between First-and Second-Language Phonological Awareness Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, J. Marc; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Farver, JoAnn M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the cross-language relations between the phonological awareness (PA) skills of preschool children learning more than one language are dependent upon their first-and second-language oral language skills. Four hundred sixty-six Spanish-speaking language minority children participated in this study.…

  15. 技能大赛对高职课程资源建设的促进作用%Skills Contest has an Auxo -Action for the Construction of High Vocational Courses Resource

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符熠

    2014-01-01

    Vocational skills contest will guide high vocational school to pay more attention to in-dustry development and it also promotes construction of high vocational courses resource ;Act as the guidance function of course system adjustment and teaching reformation ;Promote the training of high vocational teaching staff “Shuangshi model”;Speed up construction of training base inside and outside the school ;Provide wider platform for schools and enterprises cooperation ;Strengthen students’ ability of employment competition .Skill contest is the wind vane of the curriculum construction of higher voca-tional schools and the touchstone to test the teaching quality of higher vocational schools .%职业技能大赛引导高职院校关注行业发展,推动着高职院校的课程资源建设;对课程体系调整和教学改革起到了引导作用;对加快培养高职“双师型”教师队伍起到了促进作用;加快了校内外实训基地建设步伐;为校企合作提供了更广阔的平台;增强了学生的就业竞争能力。技能大赛是高职院校课程资源建设的风向标,是考验高职院校教学质量的验金石。

  16. Underlying reading-related skills and abilities among adult learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellard, Daryl F; Woods, Kari L; Md Desa, Z Deana; Vuyk, M Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    This exploratory study identified underlying skill and ability differences among subgroups of adolescent and young adult struggling readers (N = 290) overall and in relation to a fluency-based instructional grouping method. We used principal axis factoring of participants' scores on 18 measures of reading-related skills and abilities identified in the research literature to identify a smaller set of generally uncorrelated constructs. The four underlying factors of the 18 measures explained 62.7% of the variance. We labeled these factors Encode/Decode (44.5%), Vocabulary (9.5%), Processing Speed (5.2%), and Working Memory (3.5%). Regression analysis demonstrated Working Memory, Encode/Decode, and Vocabulary collectively predicted 45.9% functional reading as measured by the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System. Alternatively, when measured by the Test of Adult Basic Education, Vocabulary and Encode/Decode predicted 47.1% of variance in reading. Differences in predictive utility of the factors by fluency group suggest approaches to tailoring instruction for each group. Future research might examine the optimal mix of instructional approaches that support the identified factors. © Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2013.

  17. Practice and Investigation into The Examination of Mechanical Processing Skills in Individual Recruitment Directing at Secondary Vocational Graduates In General Colleges and University%普通高校对口招收中职毕业生的技能考试探索与实践--以机械加工专业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包中碧; 钟富平; 马睿

    2015-01-01

    Based on the vocational skill examination of the counterpart in common colleges and universities to recruit graduates from secondary vocational colleges, this paper explores the construction of modern vocational education system and "overpass" training mode for talents with technical skills, selected skill examination as the entry, focus on the practice of "knowledge plus skill"examation admission evaluation method in higher vocational colleges.%以普通高校对口招收中职毕业生技能考试实践为基础,探索构建现代职业教育体系和技术技能人才培养“立交桥”模式,选择技能考试为切入口,重点实践“知识+技能”的高等职业院校考试招生评价办法。

  18. Research on Vocational College Training Base Construction Direction--Based on Skills Competition Analysis%对高职院校实训基地建设方向的研究--基于技能竞赛分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓锋; 吕强

    2014-01-01

    Vocational skill competition as an important content and core of reform of vocational education, follow"serve as pur-pose, principles of employment-oriented", with the results of testing and demonstrating teaching, training and motivating skills, strong soldiers, lead and promote the skills of heavy moral weight function of social values, has become an important sword of voca-tional education reform and development. This paper takes our college management engineering project management training base for example, to optimize the training room through skills competitions to further optimize the appropriate course of practice teach-ing, to build high-quality skilled training personnel training room application of vocational college.%职业技能竞赛作为高职院校职业教育的一项重要内容和改革的核心,遵循“以服务为宗旨、以就业为导向”的原则,具有检验和展示教学成果、培养和激励技能强兵、引领和弘扬重技能重道德社会风气的功能,已成为高职教育改革和发展的重要利剑。本文以我院管理工程学院工程管理实训基地为例,通过技能竞赛来优化本实训室从而进一步优化相应课程的实践教学,进而构建培养高素质技能型应用人才的高职院校实训室。

  19. Biological pharmaceutical professional skills training for higher vocational students%生物制药专业高职学生技能培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙皎; 夏宝平; 肖珩

    2015-01-01

    目前我国正大力发展健康医药产业,技术型人才严重匮乏,为适应新技术、新模式、新业态发展实际,高职院校要以市场为导向,明确人才培养目标,积极采用计算机技术,改革单一的教学模式,以培养出实践能力强、 具有良好职业道德的技能型人才.%At present our country is developing large health and medicine industry, a grave shortage of skilled talents, in order to adapt to new technology, new mode and new business development reality, higher vocational colleges should take the market as the guidance, clear goals of talents cultivation, the active adoption of computer technology, reform the single teaching mode, in order to cultivate cultivate the practice ability, technology skilled talents with good professional ethics.

  20. The Cold Thinking of“Skill Competition”---Vocational Education Business Card%“技能大赛”--职业教育名片之冷思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万义国; 游小青

    2014-01-01

    Expound the important part in the education system of our country's vocational education, emphasizes the?role of vocational skills competition for vocational education. Com-bined with personal practice, analysis of China's vocational skills contest in full swing in the process of present situation and some existing problems, aiming at these problems and putting forward some suggestions and personal opinions, which has some guiding significance in practice.%阐述职业教育在我国教育体系中的重要组成部分,强调职业技能大赛对职业教育的促进作用。结合个人实际,剖析了我国职业教育技能大赛在如火如荼开展过程中的现状及存在的一些问题,针对这些问题提出了个人的一些建议和看法,具有一定的实践指导意义。

  1. A Brief Discussion on the Cultivation of Students' Skills in Secondary Vocational Accounting Major%浅谈中职会计专业学生技能的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢文娟

    2014-01-01

    The accounting major in secondary vocational schools shoulders the responsibility of offering excellent junior accoun-tants for the society. In recent years, impressive achievements have been made by secondary vocational accounting major in China, but there are still many inevitable problems to be solved in the cultivation of students' skills. This paper analyzed the main problems existing in the cultivation of secondary vocational ac-counting majors' skills, and proposed targeted solutions, hoping to provide reference and help for secondary vocational educators.%中职学校的会计专业肩负着为社会提供优秀的初级会计实务人员的任务,虽然近些年来我国中职在会计专业方面取得了不小的成就,但在学生技能培养的过程中还存在诸多不容忽视的问题急需解决。本文主要对我国中职会计专业在学生技能培养过程中面临的主要问题进行了分析,并有针对性地提出解决措施,希望为广大中职教育工作者们提供参考和帮助。

  2. 职业技能竞赛对会计教学改革的引领作用%The Guiding Function of Vocational Skills Competition to Accounting Teaching Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余冠芳

    2015-01-01

    基于高职院校缺乏职业教育理念的现象存在,职业技能竞赛可促进教学模式及实践教学质量考核体系的改革.因此,实施技能竞赛促进实践会计教学项目化改革与教学模式创新,强化个性化教学,同时要以技能竞赛为标尺加强师资队伍建设,进而提高高职会计教学水准.%According to the phenomenon of lacking vocational education idea in higher vocational colleges,vocational skills competition can facilitate the reform of teaching models and practice teaching quality evaluation system.Therefore,vocational skills competition should be held to promote accounting teaching reform and teaching model innovation,strengthen characteristic teaching, and reinforce faculties.

  3. The Influence of Professional Skills Competition on Teaching System Reform in Vocational Colleges%职业技能大赛对职业院校教学体系改革的影响力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭婧

    2012-01-01

    Aimed at training professional skills,this paper discusses the positive role of skills competition in vocational colleges and enterprises.It also presents the necessity of teaching system reform in vocational colleges.Meanwhile,the competition can promote the reform and healthy,harmonious and sustainable development of professional education.%从培养职业技能的目的出发,探讨了技能大赛对职业院校及企业的积极作用,并提出职业院校教学体系改革的必要性。同时,职业技能大赛也促使职业院校进行教学改革,使教学内容与社会需求更好的吻合,保障职业教育健康、协调、可持续的发展。

  4. 基于英语阅读理解的高职学生思辨能力培养%The Study on the Critical Thinking Skills Training of the Vocational College Students on Comprehensive Reading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张居设

    2014-01-01

    文章在简析目前国内外思辨能力培养现状的基础上,分析了英语阅读理解对培养高职学生思辨能力的重要性,并提出了通过改变英语阅读理解目标设置,教学模式,评价与反馈模式的方式来培养高职学生的思辨能力。%Base on the brief analysis of the training status of the critical thinking skills for the vocational college students, this article analyzes the importance of the training of the critical thinking skills for the vo-cational college students, and puts forward to the ways to train it through changing the target, the teaching methods, the evaluation and feedback ways of the comprehensive reading.

  5. 浅析职业技能大赛对职业院校会计专业课程改革的促进作用%Research on Reform of Accounting Professional Curriculum in Vocational Colleges Based on Professional Skills Contest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林璇

    2015-01-01

    职业技能大赛的开展有着积极的意义,它指导了职业院校相关专业的发展,通过职业技能大赛,对会计专业课程中存在的问题有了全面的了解,它为会计专业课程的改革提供了可靠的依据.在此基础上,本文主要研究了职业技能大赛对会计专业课程改革的促进作用,具体体现在课程体系、教学模式、评价体系与教师队伍等方面,通过本文的研究,使会计专业实现了复合型人才的培养.%Vocational skills contest has a positive significance for guiding the development of related major in vocational colleges. The comprehensive understanding of the problems in accounting professional course by professional skills contest, Provides a reliable basis for improvement of the accounting courses. On this basis, this paper mainly studies the improvement of accounting major by professional skills contest, which specifically refers to in the course system, teaching mode, evaluation system and teachers, etc. Through this research, It makes accounting realizeing the cultivation of inter-disciplinary talent.

  6. Maternal Schooling and Health-Related Language and Literacy Skills in Rural Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, Emily R.; LeVine, Sarah E.; Velasco, Patricia M.

    1998-01-01

    A study of 78 women in Tilzapotla, a small Mexican town with an unusually strong commitment to education, examined decontextualized language and literacy skills related to oral and reading comprehension of health information and to speaking skills during a health interview. Length of schooling was related to most skills, but all measured skills…

  7. The Relations of Vocational Interests and Mathematical Literacy: On the Predictive Power of Interest Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warwas, Jasmin; Nagy, Gabriel; Watermann, Rainer; Hasselhorn, Marcus

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the relationships of vocational interests and mathematical literacy both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Extending previous research, the results of Holland's RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional) scale scores are compared with results from a reductionist approach using…

  8. Professional Ethics in Vocational Education Research: An Annotated Bibliography of Related Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuelson, Judith, Comp.

    This 14-item annotated bibliography provides background information on the efforts of several professional groups to define codes of ethics for their members' guidance. It was prepared to aid the members of the American Vocational Education Research Association (AVERA) in their study of ethical principles and guidelines for professional behavior,…

  9. Different aspects of spatial skills and their relation to early mathematics

    OpenAIRE

    Cornu, Véronique; Hornung, Caroline; Schiltz, Christine; Martin, Romain

    2016-01-01

    We aimed at investigating the predictive role of spatial skills for arithmetic and number line estimation in kindergarten children (N = 125). Several studies highlighted the relation between spatial skills and mathematics. However, due to their non-unitary nature, different aspects of spatial skills need to be differentiated to clarify the relative importance of different aspects of spatial skills for mathematics. In the present study, at time 1, a spatial perception task, a spatial visualiza...

  10. The Systematic Training and Strategy on the Students with Professional Skills of the Cohesion between Secondary and Higher Vocational Education%中高衔接技能型人才系统化培养与策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏怡

    2014-01-01

    本文对中高衔接高等职业教育的优势,以及技能型人才培养的重要性做了分析。以建筑工程技术专业为研究对象,阐述了五年制高职技能培养中存在的问题,进行课程体系的分析,提出了实现中高衔接技能型人才系统化培养的目标,制定了相应的技能培养实施性计划,以适合岗位需求,为系统化的培养提供了方法。%This paper firstly analyzes the advantages of the cohesion on secondary and higher vocational education, and the importance of cultivating the students with higher professional skills. The author, by taking the students from architectural engineering technology as the objects of the research, shows the problems of cultivating professional skills in a five-year vocational education system, analyzes the curriculum, proposes the training goals on how to realize the cohesion on secondary and higher vocational education, formulates the covering implementation plan in order to meet job demands, and offers some suggestions on systematic training professional skills.

  11. Using Student Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD Strategy to Improve the Students’ Speaking Skill at Vocational School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumiarsih Rumiarsih

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted in order to describe how Student Teams-Achievement Divisions (STAD Strategy can improve the students’ speaking skill. The researcher used Classroom Action Research (CAR and applied it in the teaching of speaking of XII TKR 2 of SMK Negeri 1 Madiun. The finding of this research indicated that the STAD Strategy was successful in improving the students’ speaking skill. The STAD Strategy employed in this study consisted five steps, namely: (1 forming teams; (2 class presentation; (3 quiz; (4 individual improvement score; and (5 team recognition. The activities in those five steps which were don chronologically improved both in the students’ speaking achievements and the students’ participation during the teaching and learning of speaking. Key Words: speaking skill, student teams-achievement divisions (STAD strategy

  12. The relation between 21st-century skills and digital skills: A systematic literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Laar, Ester; van Deursen, Alexander Johannes Aloysius Maria; van Dijk, Johannes A.G.M.; de Haan, Jos

    2017-01-01

    Innovation starts with people, making the human capital within the workforce decisive. In a fast-changing knowledge economy, 21st-century digital skills drive organizations' competitiveness and innovation capacity. Although such skills are seen as crucial, the digital aspect integrated with 21st-cen

  13. The relation between 21st-century skills and digital skills: A systematic literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Laar, Ester; van Deursen, Alexander Johannes Aloysius Maria; van Dijk, Johannes A.G.M.; de Haan, Jos

    2017-01-01

    Innovation starts with people, making the human capital within the workforce decisive. In a fast-changing knowledge economy, 21st-century digital skills drive organizations' competitiveness and innovation capacity. Although such skills are seen as crucial, the digital aspect integrated with

  14. 基于主体动机研究的高职会计技能竞赛制度研究%Research on the Subject-Motive-based Higher Vocational Competition System of Accounting Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈安

    2016-01-01

    高职院校会计技能竞赛的开展如火如荼,文中从植根于教育的会计技能竞赛的价值观入手,从4个方面详细剖析了各高职院校会计技能竞赛主体的参与动机及其影响,分别是主办机构的动机、承办机构的动机、参赛院校的动机和技术支持企业的动机及其影响。在此基础上,对会计技能竞赛制度化研究作了定义,完善技能竞赛运行机制提出了一些改革建议。%As accounting skills competition of vocational colleges are in full swing, this paper, rooted in the values of education of accounting skills competition, analyzes in detail the motive and influences of the participants of each accounting skills competition at vocational colleges from four aspects. The motivations and influences include those from the hosts, organizers, participating colleges and technical supporting enterprises. Furthermore, on the basis of defining institutionalized accounting skills competition, this paper puts forward some reform proposals on how to im-prove the skills competition mechanism.

  15. 以职业技能竞赛引领专业建设和教学改革的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice on Professional Construction and Teaching Reform Led by Vocational Skills Competition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘克旺

    2011-01-01

    Promote the reform of course content and teaching methods through vocational skills contest, combine the course reform on the content with standard of the skills competition, establish incentive mechanism and long-effect mechanism of the skills competition, build the campus culture,improve teachers' educational skill level and students' core ability of employment competition, cooperate with enterprise to held vocational skills competition, and promote the school-enterprise cooperation.%通过职业技能竞赛推进课程内容和教学方法改革,将课程改革与技能竞赛内容和标准紧密结合,建立技能竞赛激励机制和长效机制,营造校园育人文化,提高教师技能水平和学生就业竞争核心能力,与企业合作举办职业技能竞赛,促进校企合作.

  16. Relations among motor, social, and cognitive skills in pre-kindergarten children with developmental disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Helyn; Carlson, Abby G; Curby, Timothy W; Winsler, Adam

    2016-01-01

    Despite the comorbidity between motor difficulties and certain disabilities, limited research has examined links between early motor, cognitive, and social skills in preschool-aged children with developmental disabilities. The present study examined the relative contributions of gross motor and fine motor skills to the prediction of improvements in children's cognitive and social skills among 2,027 pre-kindergarten children with developmental disabilities, including specific learning disorder, speech/language impairment, intellectual disability, and autism spectrum disorder. Results indicated that for pre-kindergarten children with developmental disabilities, fine motor skills, but not gross motor skills, were predictive of improvements in cognitive and social skills, even after controlling for demographic information and initial skill levels. Moreover, depending on the type of developmental disability, the pattern of prediction of gross motor and fine motor skills to improvements in children's cognitive and social skills differed. Implications are discussed.

  17. [Feedback in relation to training of practical clinical skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, C.S.; Ringsted, Charlotte Vibeke

    2008-01-01

    Feedback has been identified as an essential component of motor learning. However, feedback principles derived from motor learning theories cannot uncritically be applied to clinical skills training because this knowledge is based primarily on the study of very simple motor skills. Research...

  18. Graduate Student Needs in Relation to Library Research Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Shawna; Jacobs, Warren

    2013-01-01

    Traditionally, graduate study includes a research component, requiring library skills to locate relevant literature. Upon matriculation into graduate programs, many students are underprepared in library research skills, making library instruction a priority for the success of graduate students. This qualitative study, utilizing emergent design,…

  19. On the Application of Skill Teaching in Higher Vocational Teaching%高职教学中技能教学环节的实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张澎

    2012-01-01

    高职学生,除了应该掌握好基础知识和基本操作技能,还必须具有一定的分析问题和解决问题的能力。要让学生一毕业就能胜任工作,就必须在教学过程中对学生进行系统的训练。本文以电气专业中电工实训教学过程为例说明在技能教学中应采取的一些教学方法。%Higher vocational college students,in addition to mastering the basic knowledge and basic skills, should have the ability to analyze and solve problems. In order that they can be competent for the job after graduation, we must train the students systematically in the process of teaching. This paper explains some teaching methods in the electrician practical course of electrical engineering.

  20. The Skills Development of Web Design Disciplines of Vocational Schools%浅谈中职学校网页设计学科的技能培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李广荣

    2012-01-01

    本文根据当前中职学生《网页设计》学科特点及学生就业情况为研究出发点,将《网页设计》学科按照社会上职业岗位需求及完成任务的过程分四个阶段进行研究,使学生不但掌握本学科的知识与技能,更有效地提高学生就业的成功率,使学校圆满地完成培养专业人才的目标。%According to the current web design subject characteristics of the vocational students and student employment situation for the study starting point,of web design disciplines study in accordance with the professional job needs in the community and complete the task in four stages,so that students not only grasp the disciplines of knowledge and skills to more effectively improve the success rate of student employment,and make the school satisfactorily completed the goal of the Professional Training.

  1. Skill Upgrading and Rigid Relative Wages: The Case of Danish Manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Anders; Skaksen, Jan Rose

    2003-01-01

    Relative wages have been remarkably rigid for the last two decades in Danish manufacturing despite large shifts in relative employment from unskilled labor towards skilled and educated labor. Assuming capital-skill complementarity and fixed relative wages as a consequence of labor market institutions, we argue that skill upgrading is more pronounced during downturns than upturns. This prediction is supported by a high positive and significant correlation between changes in relative employment...

  2. 高职和本科院校应用技能型人才联合培养策略研究%The Research on Joint Training Strategy for Vocational®ular College in Applications&Skilled Professional

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丽萍

    2015-01-01

    Higher vocational college is the inevitable trend of modern education popularization and the realistic choice of sustain-able development, the higher vocational college students' employment skills and innovation orientation of undergraduate engi-neering, bring the modern education to new problems and opportunities and challenges. Focus on China's regional industrial eco-nomic growth and industry 4 times to jump to the high end application of skilled human resources sustainable growth demands, relying on Higher Vocational and undergraduate colleges"3+2"training mode to explore the integration path of educational ele-ments, and then give and implement a comprehensive ecosystem concept and business leadership model framework of higher vo-cational undergraduate application skills training.%高职本科是现代教育大众化的必然趋势和可持续发展的现实选择,其高职就业技能要求和本科工程创新导向,带给现代教育以全新的问题差距和机遇挑战.聚焦我国区域产业经济提速和工业4.0时代跃升对中高端应用技能型人力资源的持续增长诉求,依托高职和本科院校"3+2"培养模式规划探索教育要素整合路径,进而给出和实施一种综合生态系统理念和业务领导力模型框架的高职本科应用技能型人才联合培养策略.

  3. On Prominent Problems Restricting Training of Skilled Talents in Higher Vocational College%制约高职技能型人才培养的几个突出问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕全国

    2014-01-01

    进入新世纪以来,技能型人才培养是高职人才培养目标所体现出来的基本价值取向。然而,实践中存在的对高职人才培养目标内涵的不同理解,职业资格鉴定制度及校企合作、工学结合的法律法规不完善,实验实训设备的数量、性能不能满足技能型人才培养的需求,教师的思想观念、技能水平、精力投入与技能型人才培养要求有较大的差距等问题,制约了高职技能型人才培养,尤其是高技能人才的培养。%Since the new century, training of skilled talents becomes the basic value orientation of higher vocational talents training goals. However, there is more than one problem restricting the training of vocational technical talents, especially the high-skilled talents. To be specific, the problems are as follows:different understanding of the connotations of training targets of higher vocational talents, the professional qualifica-tion appraisal system, the imperfect laws and regulations of university-enterprise cooperation and work-study combination, the limited number and poor performance of experiment and training equipments that cannot meet the needs of skilled personnel training as well as the large gap between the teachers' ideas, skills, energy investment and skilled talent training requirements.

  4. Academic self-efficacy in study-related skills and behaviours: relations with learning-related emotions and academic success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putwain, Dave; Sander, Paul; Larkin, Derek

    2013-12-01

    Academic self-efficacy, when operationalized as mastery over domain-specific knowledge, has been found to be a predictor of academic achievement and emotions. Although academic emotions are also a predictor of academic achievement, there is limited evidence for reciprocal relations with academic achievement. To examine whether academic self-efficacy, when operationalized as confidence in study-related skills and behaviours, is also a predictor of academic achievement and emotions and to test reciprocal relations between academic emotions and achievement. Two hundred and six first-year undergraduate students. Academic self-efficacy was measured at the beginning of the first semester and learning-related emotions (LREs) at the beginning of the second semester. Academic performance was aggregated across assessments in semester one and semester two. Self-efficacy in study-related skills and behaviours predicted: (1) better semester one academic performance and (2) more pleasant and fewer unpleasant LREs at the beginning of the second semester directly and (3) indirectly through semester one academic performance. Reciprocal relations between academic performance and emotions were supported, but only for pleasant emotions. Self-efficacy in study-related skills was the critical academic self-efficacy variable in this study. It may play an important role in maintaining challenge appraisals to maintain pleasant emotions and better academic performance. Accordingly, practitioners in higher education may wish to consider the value of assessing and developing students' self-efficacy in relation to their independent study skills. © 2012 The British Psychological Society.

  5. The Relation Between Social Experience and Perspective Taking: Assessing Deictic Relational Responding Skills in Social Anxiety Using Relational Frame Theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, A.; Janssen, G.T.L.; Kaarsemaker, M.; Mey, H.R.A. De

    2013-01-01

    Objective: One of the abilities involved in social cognition is perspective taking. According to Relational Frame Theory (RFT), perspective taking skills are based on the derivation of relations of perspective, and are learned and practiced in social interactions. Pronounced deficits in the

  6. Gender-related individual differences and the structure of vocational interests: the importance of the people-things dimension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippa, R

    1998-04-01

    In 3 studies (respective Ns = 289, 394, and 1,678), males and females were assessed on Big Five traits, masculine instrumentality (M), feminine expressiveness (F), gender diagnosticity (GD), and RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) vocational interest scales. Factor analyses of RIASEC scores consistently showed evidence for D.J. Prediger's (1982) People-Things and Ideas-Data dimensions, and participants' factor scores on these dimensions were computed. In all studies Big Five Openness was related to Ideas-Data but not to People-Things. Gender was strongly related to People-Things but not to Ideas-Data. Within each sex, GD correlated strongly with People-Things but not with Ideas-Data. M, F, and Big Five measures other than Openness tended not to correlate strongly with RIASEC scales or dimensions. The results suggest that gender and gender-related individual differences within the sexes are strongly linked to the People-Things dimension of vocational interests.

  7. 高职学生的基础技能研究%On Basic Skills of the Students in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘松林; 谢利民

    2012-01-01

    就所在领域从业人员应具备的基础技能水平与新入行的高职毕业生掌握该技能的程度,对高职教师、校友、企业进行调查。调查发现,口头表达、人际关系、计划和职业写作是基础技能中最重要的技能,高职生毕业时实现程度最高的基础技能是数学、计算机应用和资源管理,计划、决策、领导和口头表达能力是高职毕业生达成度最低的基础技能;高职教师不太重视高职生的基础技能培养。%This paper investigates college teachers, schoolfellows and enterprises on the basic skills of the in-service employees they should possess. It is found that oral communication, interpersonal relation, planning and occupational writing skills are the most important among the basic skills. Maths, computer application and resource management skills achieve highest degree. Plan. decision, leadership and oral communication are the lowest achieved skills of all. Meanwhile, college teachers have paid little attention to the cultivation of these students' basic skills.

  8. The relation between in hand manipulation skills,and visual-motor integration skills with hand writing skills of students of grade one of primery schools in Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minoo Kalantari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Hand writing is one of the most important abilities that children can gain and use as one part of their duties during their schooling. Students should write fluently and fast to have good connection with school works and gain good grades in exams. It is clear that hand writing problems can influence on children’s other abilities, because this skill is declared often as a reflection of intelligence and although what they write is the same, students with bad hand writing gain lower grades than students with nice hand writing. Recognition of sub base items in this problem will be affective in assessment, intermediation and prevention programs for children who are suffering from this problem. This study is designed to appoint the relation between in hand manipulation skills and visual-motor integration skills with hand writing skills of students of grade one of primary schools in Tehran.Material & Methods: This study was a descriptive-analytic (sectional investigation. 139 students had been chosen by accident. Instruments which had been used in this study consisted of visual-motor integration test, hand writing quality checklist, chronometer and nine hole PEG test. After data collection, the results were analyzed.Results: The results indicate that visual- motor integration and in hand manipulation skills both are affective in children’s hand writing skills. Grades of girls and boys in visual-motor integration were significantly different. Mean grade of girls in this test was higher than boys, but these variants in hand manipulation skills were not significantly different. Also there was no significant different in handwriting speed and quality between boys and girls.Conclusion: The results indicate that by assessment of visual- motor integration skills and in hand manipulation skills we may be able to find more exact ways to prevent and treat children who are suffering from hand writing problems.

  9. Aspects of Skill in Understanding High-Order Semantic Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-25

    reading (Curtis. 1980, Frederiksen. 1981a,b. Perfetti & Hogaboam. 1975, Perfetti & Lesgold. 1977. Stanovich, 1980). A principal aim of this research is...Numerous studies of contextual influence on the word-level processes of skilled and less skilled readers have been carried out (Frederiksen, 198lb, Perfetti ...difficulty in using any but the most obvious semantic constraints to identify frequent words and common meanings (Frederiksen, 1981a, Perfetti & Roth, 1981

  10. Strengthen high-end technology skilled personnel training, help to realize dream"vocational education"%加强高端技术技能型人才培养助力实现“职教梦”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙军辉

    2013-01-01

    高端技术技能型人才培养的探索需要站在哲学、社会、教育、科技、管理等高度上进行研究,把“德育为先”、文化素质教育、技能培养模式、高端技术技能型人才评价体系、校企合作模式作为重点研究,建立新型的高端技术技能型人才培养体系,实现高等职业教育的人才培养目标,助力实现“职教梦”。%Exploration of high-end technology skilled talents need to stand on philosophical, social, education, science and technology, management and so on high up, the"moral education ifrst", the cultural quality education, skills, training mode, high-end technology skilled talents evaluation system, university-enterprise cooperation pattern, as the key to establish a new high-end technical skilled personnel training system, realize the talents training goal of higher vocational education, help to realize dream"vocational education".

  11. Study on the Role of Skills Competition to Enhance the Employ Ability of Higher Vocational Students%技能竞赛对提升高职学生就业能力的作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏; 王颖媛

    2015-01-01

    The article points out that the development of skills competition can improve students ' professional knowledge, professional skills,learning interest and enthusiasm,the participation of the pre-match training and competition is focused on improving students various aspects of professional knowledge ,practice ability and operation skills,while increasing their ability to analyze and solve problems,to enhance the students' team cooperation consciousness,so vocational skills contest opened for higher vocational students employment space,an obvious effect on their employment ability.%文章指出,技能竞赛的开展能够提升学生对专业知识、职业技能学习的兴趣和热情,赛前培训和比赛的参与侧重于提高学生各方面的专业知识、实践动手能力、操作技能,同时提升他们分析问题和解决问题的能力,增强了学生团队合作的意识,因此职业技能竞赛为高职学生打开了就业空间,对提升就业能力作用明显.

  12. Project BEST Vocational English as a Second Language Curriculum: Communication Skills in Training and Employment in Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Barbara; Pankratz, David

    Information is provided on the Vocational English as a Second Language (VESL) component of Oakton Community College's Project BEST (Building Energy Systems Technology), a bilingual vocational training program designed to teach limited English proficient students of Polish or Hispanic origin the basics of heating, refrigeration, and air…

  13. 国外赛马(马术)职业技能标准发展及其经验借鉴%On Development and Referential Value of Vocational Skills Standards of Horse Racing (Equestrian) in Foreign Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周东华; 向杨周

    2016-01-01

    With continuous development and expansion of racecourses, jockey clubs and equestrian clubs of horse racing (equestrian) in our country, more and more practitioners of the horse-related industry chain are in need. In fact, besides just a few social equestrian clubs which provide equestrian vocational training, the vast majority of talented persons are systematically trained by colleges and universities which have established majors relating to horse racing (equestrian). In order to train various qualified talented persons meeting the specifications and the requirements of the society for the horse industry, there will be more research on relevant vocational skills standards in a more minute way. Therefore, we need learn from foreign mature standards in setting the Chinese standards to regulate horse racing and equestrian industry so as to make due contributions to the nurture of standardized high-level talents for the development of the horse racing (equestrian) industry, and to promote its healthy, orderly and sustainable development.%着我国赛马(马术)马场、马会、俱乐部的不断发展壮大,马产业链相关的从业人员的需求越来越大。而这些人才的培养除了社会上少数设有马术职业培训的马术俱乐部外,绝大部分人才是通过目前开设有赛马(马术)相关专业的高校进行系统培养的。为了能培养出符合社会需求的规范的合格的各类马业人才,相关的职业技能标准研究会越来越多,越来越精细化。因此,我们需要借鉴国外成熟的标准及经验,来为我国的赛马马术行业定制标准,让我国的赛马马术行业更规范,为培养行业发展所需要的标准化高级马业人才做出应有的贡献,以促进赛马(马术)行业健康、有序、持续发展。

  14. Life skills and subjective well-being of people with disabilities: a canonical correlation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva Cardoso, Elizabeth; Blalock, Kacie; Allen, Chase A; Chan, Fong; Rubin, Stanford E

    2004-12-01

    This study examined the canonical relationships between a set of life skill variables and a set of subjective well-being variables among a national sample of vocational rehabilitation clients in the USA. Self-direction, work tolerance, general employability, and self-care were related to physical, family and social, and financial well-being. This analysis also found that communication skill is related to family and social well-being, while psychological well-being is not related to any life skills in the set. The results showed that vocational rehabilitation services aimed to improve life functioning will lead to an improvement in subjective quality of life.

  15. Student Women’s Internet Skills and its Relation with the Digital Inclusion: New Digital Divides

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Cortés, Rocío; Luisa VEGA CARO; Vico Bosch, Alba

    2016-01-01

    The aims of this research are to know the women´s internet skills, and form different groups of skills of women related with the digital inclusion. To do this, we surveyed 215 Spanish student women aged 20 to 34 using two escales measuring their internet skills and digital inclusion. The findings show four profiles of student women depending on the types of Internet skills and their developmental level (“beginner”, “average”, “advanced” and specialized in e-administration). The skill to creat...

  16. Premature: growth and its relation to oral skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Camila Lehnhart; Berwig, Luana Cristina; Steidl, Eduardo Matias dos Santos; Prade, Leila Sauer; Bolzan, Geovana; Keske-Soares, Márcia; Weinmann, Angela Regina Maciel

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the influence of oral motor skills of premature infants on their oral feeding performance and growth, during neonatal hospitalization. Fifty-one newborns hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit of a hospital in Southern Brazil, between July 2012 and March 2013, were evaluated. The evaluation of oral feeding skills, according to Lau and Smith, was applied after prescription for starting oral feeding. The oral feeding performance was analyzed using the following variables: days taken to start independent oral feeding and hospital discharge. Growth was measured by weight, length, and head circumference, using the curves of Fenton, at birth, first and independent oral feeding, and hospital discharge. At birth, 71% preterm infants were proper for gestational age, most of them were males (53%), with average of 33.6 (±1.5) weeks of gestational age. The gestational age in the assessment did not influence the oral feeding performance of the premature infant and did not differ between levels. Time of transition from tube feeding to oral feeding and hospital stay was shorter when the oral skills were higher. At birth, there was a tendency of low weight and low oral feeding performance. Level IV premature infants in the release of oral feeding presented higher weights. The level of oral skills of the premature infant interfered positively on time of feeding transition from tube to independent oral feeding and hospital stay. Growth, represented by weight gain, was not affected by the level of oral skill.

  17. Assessment of health-related quality of life of clients in vocational rehabilitation : association with depressive symptoms and type of services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferdiana, A.; Post, M. W. M.; Finger, M.; Bultmann, U.; Escorpizo, R.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been frequently used as an outcome measure in disability-related studies, yet little is known about HRQOL in vocational rehabilitation (VR). Aim. To evaluate HRQOL in VR clients and identify factors associated with their HRQOL Design, setting an

  18. 基于技能形成的高职院校竞赛文化研究%Research on the Competition Culture of Higher Vocational College Based on the Skill Formation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉; 李琳叶

    2015-01-01

    In February, 2014, the Premier Li Keqiang particularly stressed the need to develop the vocational education which cultivating talents with technical skills, and form the social atmosphere that "not only academic capacity"in the State Council Executive meeting which on the issue of "arrange accelerating the development of modern vocational education". The higher vocational colleges should foster out the competition culture which based on the students skills forming and perfect personality as common vision through skills competition been normalized, thoroughly and whole-staff-participation in order to set up the correct view of skill competition and make the student transformation from never consciously reacting to investment and participate actively, and play skills contest culture form value and further rich school culture of connotation, powerful upgrade high vocational college of education quality.%2014年2月,国务院总理李克强在以《部署加快发展现代职业教育》为议题的国务院常务会议中特别强调要发展培养技术技能型人才的职业教育,形成"不唯学历凭能力"的社会氛围.高职院校应根据技能的形成机制和规律,更有效地促进高职学生技能的养成,通过将技能竞赛常态化、全程化和全员化,树立正确的技能竞赛观,使学生从不自觉的被动应付转变成主动投入和自觉参与,发挥竞赛文化的技能形成价值,从而培育出以高职学生技能形成和个性完善为共同愿景的高职竞赛文化,并进一步丰富学校文化的内涵,有力提升高职院校的教育质量.

  19. Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides

    2017-03-01

    An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career. The authors of this article examine whether this results in a trade-off between short-term gains and long-term losses by considering differences in the labour market careers of vocationally and generally educated respondents in the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Their results suggest that early labour market benefits of vocational specialisation decrease over time; the authors relate this to its lower ability to equip secondary school students - future employees - with skills for lifelong learning.

  20. Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides

    2017-04-01

    An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career. The authors of this article examine whether this results in a trade-off between short-term gains and long-term losses by considering differences in the labour market careers of vocationally and generally educated respondents in the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Their results suggest that early labour market benefits of vocational specialisation decrease over time; the authors relate this to its lower ability to equip secondary school students - future employees - with skills for lifelong learning.

  1. Minimizing the effect of TBI-related physical sequelae on vocational return.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamee, Shane; Walker, William; Cifu, David X; Wehman, Paul H

    2009-01-01

    This article evaluated the common physical sequelae that affect return to work (RTW) after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We performed a Medline search and evaluation of current TBI rehabilitation texts. The information presented is a combination of published literature and clinical guidelines. The limitations faced by many patients with TBI can best be overcome through clever job search, job redesign, and community linkages with business and industry that are willing to partner in helping the patient with TBI regain employment. The physician plays a key role in communicating suggestions to the vocational specialist. The comorbidities described represent challenges to successful RTW. These problems are recurrent, long-term, and clearly affect job procurement, nature of job, level of required support, and likelihood of job retention. Conversely, these challenges should not be viewed as impenetrable obstacles. With appropriate supports such as compensatory strategies, job coaching, assistive technology, medical management, and job restructuring, successful RTW is viable option. Physicians must focus on employment outcomes in real jobs and not settle for volunteer work, sheltered work, or assessment and planning. Individuals should be placed in real work for real pay. Through close collaboration between the survivor of TBI, the physician, the vocational specialist, and community resources, successful employment for survivors of TBI is possible and must be prescribed a high value.

  2. Musical experience, auditory perception and reading-related skills in children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Banai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The relationships between auditory processing and reading-related skills remain poorly understood despite intensive research. Here we focus on the potential role of musical experience as a confounding factor. Specifically we ask whether the pattern of correlations between auditory and reading related skills differ between children with different amounts of musical experience. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Third grade children with various degrees of musical experience were tested on a battery of auditory processing and reading related tasks. Very poor auditory thresholds and poor memory skills were abundant only among children with no musical education. In this population, indices of auditory processing (frequency and interval discrimination thresholds were significantly correlated with and accounted for up to 13% of the variance in reading related skills. Among children with more than one year of musical training, auditory processing indices were better, yet reading related skills were not correlated with them. A potential interpretation for the reduction in the correlations might be that auditory and reading-related skills improve at different rates as a function of musical training. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Participants' previous musical training, which is typically ignored in studies assessing the relations between auditory and reading related skills, should be considered. Very poor auditory and memory skills are rare among children with even a short period of musical training, suggesting musical training could have an impact on both. The lack of correlation in the musically trained population suggests that a short period of musical training does not enhance reading related skills of individuals with within-normal auditory processing skills. Further studies are required to determine whether the associations between musical training, auditory processing and memory are indeed causal or whether children with poor auditory and

  3. Musical experience, auditory perception and reading-related skills in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banai, Karen; Ahissar, Merav

    2013-01-01

    The relationships between auditory processing and reading-related skills remain poorly understood despite intensive research. Here we focus on the potential role of musical experience as a confounding factor. Specifically we ask whether the pattern of correlations between auditory and reading related skills differ between children with different amounts of musical experience. Third grade children with various degrees of musical experience were tested on a battery of auditory processing and reading related tasks. Very poor auditory thresholds and poor memory skills were abundant only among children with no musical education. In this population, indices of auditory processing (frequency and interval discrimination thresholds) were significantly correlated with and accounted for up to 13% of the variance in reading related skills. Among children with more than one year of musical training, auditory processing indices were better, yet reading related skills were not correlated with them. A potential interpretation for the reduction in the correlations might be that auditory and reading-related skills improve at different rates as a function of musical training. Participants' previous musical training, which is typically ignored in studies assessing the relations between auditory and reading related skills, should be considered. Very poor auditory and memory skills are rare among children with even a short period of musical training, suggesting musical training could have an impact on both. The lack of correlation in the musically trained population suggests that a short period of musical training does not enhance reading related skills of individuals with within-normal auditory processing skills. Further studies are required to determine whether the associations between musical training, auditory processing and memory are indeed causal or whether children with poor auditory and memory skills are less likely to study music and if so, why this is the case.

  4. High School Students' Time Management Skills in Relation to Research Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akcoltekin, Alpturk

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the opinions of high school students relating to time management and present a correlation of their time management skills with demographic variables, as well as examining the relation between their level of research anxiety and time management skills. The study group composed 270 12th-grade students (127 males and…

  5. Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Working Life Skills in Science-Related Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salonen, Anssi; Hartikainen-Ahia, Anu; Hense, Jonathan; Scheersoi, Annette; Keinonen, Tuula

    2017-01-01

    School students demonstrate a lack of interest in choosing science studies and science-related careers. To better understand the underlying reasons, this study aims to examine secondary school students' perceptions of working life skills and how these perceptions relate to the skills of the twenty-first century. The participants in this study were…

  6. Are Social-Cognitive Ability and Narrative Writing Skill Related?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burleson, Brant R.; Rowan, Katherine E.

    1985-01-01

    Reports findings of one study that reanalyzed research data allegedly demonstrating a substantial relationship between social cognitive ability and narrative writing skill, and another that collected original data. Reveals no relationship between social cognitive ability and rated quality of narrative essays. Discusses finding in terms of a…

  7. Home Life Skills: Career Related Junior High Home Economics Courseguide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aanenson, Gail; And Others

    Designed for use in integrating career education into a one-semester junior high school home economics course, this guide contains eleven home life skills activities and eighteen personal development activities to be integrated into units on foods, grooming and clothing, sewing, personal development, and child development. Student worksheets,…

  8. Relations between Dialect Variation, Grammar, and Early Spelling Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terry, Nicole Patton

    2006-01-01

    Relationships among African American English (AAE), linguistic knowledge, and spelling skills were examined in a sample of 92 children in grades one through three whose speech varied in the frequency of morphosyntactic AAE features. Children were separated into groups of high (AAE speakers) and low (standard American English, SAE, speakers) use of…

  9. Dual Tutorial System of Vocational Skills Training for Normal College Students of Preschool Major%双导师制对学前专业师范生职业技能的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李西君

    2012-01-01

    师范生的职业技能水平会直接影响教育对象的成长发展。幼儿阶段是人一生的性格与智能的奠基阶段,良好的性格和智能结构的全面发展均将决定幼儿的未来。师范生职业技能是师范生职前教育不可忽视的能力成分,对它的培养会直接决定师范生的职业素养与就职能力,双导师制尝试对师范生职业技能培养作努力。%Normal students' vocational skill level will directly affect the growth and development of educational objects.The childhood stage is the foundation stage of a person's life personality and intelligence.Good character and all-round development of the intelligence structure will determine the future of young children.Normal students' vocational skills are the composition of competence that can not be ignored in pre-service education.Its culture will directly determine the occupation accomplishment and working ability of normal students.Dual tutorial system attempts to make efforts in skills development of normal students.

  10. Competency-based Vocational College Skilled Creative Talents Cultivation Countermeasures%基于胜任力的高职院校技能型创新人才培养对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇强

    2012-01-01

    胜任力理论作为对人力资源评价的新型工具,在各类人才测评和培养中已得到广泛应用。本文在分析了技能型创新人才内涵基础上,从胜任力、胜任力模型等基本理论入手,对高职院校技能型创新人才培养存在的问题予以分析,提出了基于胜任力的高职院校技能型创新人才培养对策。%Competency theory as a new tool for the evaluation of human resources, has been widely used in all kinds of talent evaluation and culture. On the foundation of the creative talents of skilled connotation, starting from the basic theory of competency, competency model to analyze the problem exists on the the vocational colleges skilled innovative talents, proposed competency-based vocational colleges skilled innovative talent cultivation countermeasures.

  11. The relative labour productivity contribution of different age-skill categories for a developing economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhardus van Zyl

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The article dealt with the estimation, computation and interpretation of the relative productivity contributions of different age-skill categories.Research purpose: The aim of the article was to estimate and compute, (1 relative productivity contributions and (2 relative productivity contribution–employee remuneration cost levels for different age-skill categories.Motivation for the study: The research was deemed necessary given the current debate on relative productivity levels and possible changes to the retirement age in the South African labour market. No real research in this regard has been published regarding the South African labour market situation.Research design, approach and method: A less restrictive production function was used, allowing for the simultaneous estimation and final computation of relative labour contribution levels of different age-skill categories.Main findings: The lower-skilled segment produced significantly smaller productivity contributions and the relative productivity contribution–employee remuneration cost ratios of the 55 years and older age group were superior in the higher-skilled segment but, at the same time, the lowest in the lower-skilled segment.Practical/managerial implications: It is recommended that human resource practitioners (given the perceived rigidity of labour legislation implement and maintain structures that promote higher productivity levels for all age-skill categories in the workplace.Contribution/value-add: An estimation procedure, which can be applied to the measurement of the relative productivity contribution of different age-skill categories, has been established.

  12. 面向技能竞赛的电气自动化技术专业实践教学改革%Practical Teaching Reform of Electrical Automation Technology Based on Vocational Skills Contest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何国荣

    2015-01-01

    Vocational skills contest is a radical innovation and important force in reforming our higher vocational education .With vocational skills contest as the guidance ,a teaching model was put forward for practice teaching reform of electrical automation technology ,which includes a target ,three levels ,two times practice .Through course training ,comprehensive training and pre‐service training we consolidated the knowledge ,strengthened professional skills training and cultivated students'ability in problem‐analysis and solving .We also fostered the students'team spirit ,stimulated students'interest in learning and improved the effect of practice teaching by the reform of assessment .%职业技能竞赛是我国高等职业教育的一项重大创新和推动教学改革的重要力量。以职业技能竞赛为导向,对电气自动化技术专业的实践教学进行改革,提出采用“一个目标,三个层次,两次练习”的教学模式进行实践教学,通过“课程实训,学期综合实训,岗前综合实训”三个层次的实训巩固所学知识、强化训练专业技能、培养学生分析解决问题的能力;通过改革考核方式培养学生的团队精神和凝聚力,激发学生的学习兴趣,提高实践教学效果。

  13. Higher vocational skill appraisal training course teaching problems and countermeasure analysis%高职技能鉴定培训课程教学存在问题及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甲继承

    2014-01-01

    Skill appraisal training course introduction of course is to improve the quality of education in higher vocational colleges in recent years, new measures to promote the teaching reform, to improve the students' employment ability, innovation ability and social adaptation ability, to realize the seamless docking graduates and post demand has the vital significance. Skill appraisal training courses based on the analysis of higher vocational colleges teaching mode on the basis of the advantages and disadvantages, put forward the"3+3"top-level design practical teaching work, outstanding professional ability training as the core of the course software and hardware construction, increase the intensity of the curriculum reform, provides the reference for skills training in higher vocational colleges teaching management.%技能鉴定培训课程引入课堂是近年来高职院校提高教育质量,促进教学改革的新举措,对提高学生的就业能力、创新能力、社会适应能力,实现毕业生与岗位需求无缝对接具有重要的意义。本文在分析高职院校技能鉴定培训课程教学模式存在优点和缺点的基础上,提出“3+3”实践教学工作顶层设计,突出职业岗位能力培养为核心的课程软硬件建设,加大课程改革力度,为高职院校技能培训教学管理提供了借鉴。

  14. 职校生技能满意度与学习动机关系研究%On Relationship of Learning Motivation with Skill Satisfaction of Vocational School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴祥

    2011-01-01

    The paper investigates some vocational school students in Jiangsu province with research tools of satisfaction scale, motivation scale and questionnaire, aiming to find the relationship between learning motivation and skill satisfaction of vocational school students. The investigation shows that there is a slight discrepancy in skill satisfaction between boy students and girl students in vocational schools, that there is a great discrepancy in school satisfaction between different grades of students, and that there is no remarkable discrepancy in learning satisfaction in sexes and grades. The investigation also finds that there is a positive correlation between learning motivation and skill satisfaction.%采用技能满意度量表与学习动机量表对职校生进行问卷调查,主要是为了探讨职校生技能满意度与学习动机的特点及两者之间的关系。研究表明,职校男女生在技能满意度及各维度得分上存在某些差别,但差异性不显著;各年级学生在学校满意度上存在显著性差异,学习动机方面不存在显著的性别与年级差异。技能满意度各维度与学习动机两个维度之间存在显著正相关。

  15. Study on Infl uence of National Skill Competitions to Construction of Double-qualifi ed Teaching Staff in Higher Vocational Colleges%职业技能大赛对高职院校双师型师资队伍建设影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞迪佳; 翟建

    2016-01-01

    高职院校提出的培养高技能人才需要有一支高素质的“双师型”师资队伍。职业技能大赛是高职院校“双师型”师资队伍建设的重要途径。职业技能大赛深化了职业教育教学改革,推动产教融合、校企合作,倒逼高职院校专业建设与教学改革,倒逼高职院校教师提升自身实践技能,对高职院校“双师型”师资队伍建设具有积极推动作用。%Higher vocational colleges proposed training highly skilled talents need to have high-quality and double-qualifi ed teachers. Na-tional skill competitions are an important way of constructing dou-ble-qualifi ed teaching stuff in higher vocational colleges. National Skill Competition can deepen vocational education teaching reform, promoting the integration of production and education and also promoting the cooperation of the school and enterprise. National skill competition can forced specialty construction and teaching re-form of higher vocational colleges and also it can forced higher voca-tional college teachers to enhance their practical skills. Higher Voca-tional College double-qualifi ed teachers construction has a positive role in promoting. It has a positive role in promoting the construction of double-qualifi ed teaching staff in higher vocational colleges.

  16. The genetic and environmental etiologies of the relations between cognitive skills and components of reading ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Micaela E; Keenan, Janice M; Hulslander, Jacqueline; DeFries, John C; Miyake, Akira; Wadsworth, Sally J; Willcutt, Erik; Pennington, Bruce; Olson, Richard K

    2016-04-01

    Although previous research has shown cognitive skills to be important predictors of reading ability in children, the respective roles for genetic and environmental influences on these relations is an open question. The present study explored the genetic and environmental etiologies underlying the relations between selected executive functions and cognitive abilities (working memory, inhibition, processing speed, and naming speed) with 3 components of reading ability (word reading, reading comprehension, and listening comprehension). Twin pairs drawn from the Colorado Front Range (n = 676; 224 monozygotic pairs; 452 dizygotic pairs) between the ages of 8 and 16 (M = 11.11) were assessed on multiple measures of each cognitive and reading-related skill. Each cognitive and reading-related skill was modeled as a latent variable, and behavioral genetic analyses estimated the portions of phenotypic variance on each latent variable due to genetic, shared environmental, and nonshared environmental influences. The covariance between the cognitive skills and reading-related skills was driven primarily by genetic influences. The cognitive skills also shared large amounts of genetic variance, as did the reading-related skills. The common cognitive genetic variance was highly correlated with the common reading genetic variance, suggesting that genetic influences involved in general cognitive processing are also important for reading ability. Skill-specific genetic variance in working memory and processing speed also predicted components of reading ability. Taken together, the present study supports a genetic association between children's cognitive ability and reading ability.

  17. 培养高职卫生院校学生基本实验技能的方法%Training methods of basic experimental skills of students in higher vocational medical colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩丽华

    2014-01-01

    高职的教学中,应加强实验技能的培养,提高他们的实验能力、实践能力,为培养造就高素质的医护人才打下坚实基础。具体培养学生的实验技能的方法。%In higher vocational teaching, we should strengthen the cultivation of experimental skills, improve their experimental ability, practice ability, to lay a solid foundation to cultivate high-quality medical talents. Specific methods to cultivate students' experimental ability.

  18. 探索以培养职业能力为核心的会计实践教学方法%Constructing Practical Accounting Teaching System to Develop Vocational Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季平; 史立英

    2012-01-01

    从会计人员的岗位需求出发,对目前会计专业实践教学中存在的问题进行了分析,探讨以提高职业能力为核心的会计实践教学方法。%The paper presents a thorou teaching system and offers a resolution gh analysis of the problems in current practical accounting to meet the core vocational skills.

  19. Skills Development, Employment and Sustained Growth in Ghana: Sustainability Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Against a backdrop of some two decades of sustained economic growth in Ghana, this paper argues that there are a series of sustainability challenges related to technical and vocational skills development (TVSD) that need to be addressed. This paper analyses several sustainability dimensions of TVSD related to: promoting the sustainability of…

  20. Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

  1. Report of Factors Influencing the Election of Nontraditional Vocational Programs by High School Males. Part I--Related Literature and Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. Douglass Coll.

    A project was conducted to identify some of the factors that influence male high school students to elect nontraditional vocational programs: home economics-related occupations, health occupations, cosmetology, and business and office practices. It was proposed that this information could be used in the career guidance, recruitment, and retention…

  2. What Makes a Course Vocational? School-Based Work-Related Programmes in Canada in Dialogue with a Community of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higham, Jeremy; Farnsworth, Valerie

    2012-01-01

    The paper discusses five work-related secondary school courses in Canada, providing an empirical account through which a new way of conceptualising vocational education is developed. Using a case study approach, we identify the mutually reinforcing dimensions of education--from policy to the course experience--that supported the enactment of an…

  3. Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

  4. Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Pathways and Partnerships. Institutional Management in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Rapid growth of tertiary education is partly due to the expansion of post-secondary vocational education and training (PSV). A well developed post-secondary PSV system and links between universities and VET institutions improve skills and employment opportunities. What is post-secondary PSV and how does it relate to other components of the…

  5. Regenerating Technical and Vocational Education for Sustainable Youth Empowerment in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogbuanya, Tessy; Arimonu, Maxwell Onyenwe

    2015-01-01

    Technical and Vocational Education as enshrined in the Nigeria National Policy on Education is used as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the educational process involving, in addition to general education, the study of technologies and related sciences and the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes, understanding and knowledge…

  6. Predicting Treatment Success in Social Skills Training for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: The UCLA Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ya-Chih; Laugeson, Elizabeth A.; Gantman, Alexander; Ellingsen, Ruth; Frankel, Fred; Dillon, Ashley R.

    2014-01-01

    This study seeks to examine the predictors of positive social skills outcomes from the University of California, Los Angeles Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills, an evidence-based parent-assisted social skills program for high-functioning middle school and high school adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. The…

  7. Predicting Treatment Success in Social Skills Training for Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: The UCLA Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ya-Chih; Laugeson, Elizabeth A.; Gantman, Alexander; Ellingsen, Ruth; Frankel, Fred; Dillon, Ashley R.

    2014-01-01

    This study seeks to examine the predictors of positive social skills outcomes from the University of California, Los Angeles Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills, an evidence-based parent-assisted social skills program for high-functioning middle school and high school adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. The…

  8. Ideas on Vocational Training and Technical Appraisal of Specialties Related to Medical Equipment%医疗设备类职业技能培训与鉴定工作的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭娟; 吴玉春

    2011-01-01

    随着医疗仪器的飞速发展,对从业人员的要求也越来越高。对医疗设备相关专业职业技能培训与鉴定工作提出了几点思考,旨在提高学生的综合技能素质,不断增强其在该行业的就业能力、创业能力和工作能力。%With the rapid development of medical instrument,the requirement on employees is becoming higher and higher.The article brings forth several ideas on vocational training and technical appraisal of specialties related to medical equipment so as to enhance students' comprehensive skill quality,and continuously lift their employment,innovation,and working capabilities in the industry.

  9. Student Women’s Internet Skills and its Relation with the Digital Inclusion: New Digital Divides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío JIMÉNEZ CORTÉS

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research are to know the women´s internet skills, and form different groups of skills of women related with the digital inclusion. To do this, we surveyed 215 Spanish student women aged 20 to 34 using two escales measuring their internet skills and digital inclusion. The findings show four profiles of student women depending on the types of Internet skills and their developmental level (“beginner”, “average”, “advanced” and specialized in e-administration. The skill to create and share content on social networks and skills for e-administration, along with skills to ensure privacy and security on the Internet are associated with a high degree of digital inclusion for student women. The findings showed that the skills for e-administration and the skills to ensure the security and privacy are the most influential in the digital trust. These results suggest the skills to create and share content in social networks sites makes the basic difference between the “advanced” group and the “specialized in e-administration” group. These results raise educational proposals that prioritize skill’s types to improve digital inclusion in other profiles of women and overcoming new digital divides.

  10. Longitudinal Associations Among Reading-Related Skills and Reading Comprehension: A Twin Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erbeli, Florina; Hart, Sara A; Taylor, Jeanette

    2017-06-01

    This study investigated the etiology of longitudinal relations among kindergarten prereading skills, first-grade word level reading skills, and seventh-grade reading comprehension in 265 monozygotic and 459 dizygotic twin pairs (Mage  = 6.29 years in kindergarten) from the Florida Twin Project on Reading. Using a quadvariate Cholesky decomposition, results showed genetic, shared, and nonshared environmental overlap among prereading skills, word level reading skills, and reading comprehension. In addition, genetic and shared environmental overlap was indicated among word level reading skills and reading comprehension, outside the influence of prereading skills. After accounting for overlapping, there remained moderate genetic and nonshared environmental influence specific to reading comprehension. Implications for reading education are discussed. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  11. Construction and Practice of Student's Self - development Platform Based on Skills Competition of Vocational Colleges%谈基于高职院校技能大赛的学生自我发展平台建设与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建明; 左宏伟; 王敬辉

    2012-01-01

    Skills competition in vocational colleges has become a major design and innovation in Chinas vocational education system. It is an important way of cultivating and selecting skilled personnel with comprehensive quality, innovative thinking and practical ability, which can lead the construction and development, teaching reform and technological innovation in related professions of the colleges. The paper starts with the skills competition and makes the statement that the development and construc- tion of students" self- development platform can effectively improve the professionalism and the compre- hensive ability to apply technology, and ultimately enhance their competitiveness in the job market, and provide strong technical support for the development of enterprises.%高职院校技能大赛活动已经成为我国职业教育工作的一项重大制度设计与创新,是我国培养和选拔具备综合素质、创新思维、实践能力的技能型人才的重要途径,并引领职业院校相关专业的建设与发展、教学改革和技术创新。以技能大赛为切入点,开发建设学生自我发展的平台可以有效提高学生的职业素养和综合技术应用能力,最终提高就业竞争力,为企业的发展提供有力的技术支持。

  12. Teaching Skills and Health-Related Fitness through a Preservice Gymnastics Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donham-Foutch, Shae

    2007-01-01

    Children who do not develop a foundation of basic motor skills are less likely to participate in regular physical activity. An excellent way of teaching basic motor skills, as well as health-related fitness, is through gymnastics. Many young teachers, however, think that teaching gymnastics is too challenging and do not know how to incorporate it…

  13. Skill of a global seasonal streamflow forecasting system, relative roles of initial conditions and meteorological forcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Candogan Yossef, N.; Winsemius, H.C.; Weerts, A.; Van Beek, R.; Bierkens, M.F.P.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the relative contributions of initial conditions (ICs) and meteorological forcing (MF) to the skill of the global seasonal streamflow forecasting system FEWS-World, using the global hydrological model PCRaster Global Water Balance. Potential improvement in forecasting skill through be

  14. Cognitive Ability and Continuous Measures of Relative Hand Skill: A Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denny, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    This note re-examines a finding by Crow et al. [Crow, T. J., Crow, L. R., Done, D. J., & Leask, S. (1998). Relative hand skill predicts academic ability: Global deficits at the point of hemispheric indecision. "Neuropsychologia", 36(12), 1275-1281] that equal skill of right and left hands is associated with deficits in cognitive ability. This is…

  15. Development of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoon feeding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel-Hoek, L. van den; Hulst, K. van; Gerven, M.H.J.C van; Haaften, L. van; Groot, S.A. de

    2014-01-01

    Milestones in the typical development of eating skills are considered to be nippling (breast or bottle), eating from a spoon, drinking from a cup, biting and chewing. The purpose of this research was to study the development and consolidation of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoo

  16. Skill of a global seasonal streamflow forecasting system, relative roles of initial conditions and meteorological forcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Candogan Yossef, N.; Winsemius, H.C.; Weerts, A.; Van Beek, R.; Bierkens, M.F.P.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the relative contributions of initial conditions (ICs) and meteorological forcing (MF) to the skill of the global seasonal streamflow forecasting system FEWS-World, using the global hydrological model PCRaster Global Water Balance. Potential improvement in forecasting skill through be

  17. Reciprocal Relations between Student-Teacher Conflict, Children's Social Skills and Externalizing Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skalická, Vera; Stenseng, Frode; Wichstrøm, Lars

    2015-01-01

    Research suggests that the relation between student-teacher conflict and children's externalizing behavior might be reciprocal, and possibly also between student-teacher conflict and children's social skills. Because children with externalizing behavior also tend to display low levels of social skills, we do not know if one or both of these…

  18. Distributive Education 1 - 8726 (Communication Skills Relating to Marketing and Distribution), Department 48: 8726.03.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    An authorized course of instruction for the Quinmester Program in Dade County (Florida) public schools is given for distributive education, communication skills related to marketing and distribution. The objective is to give the student the necessary background in written and oral communication skills. Four blocks define the course. Block I gives…

  19. Positive Teacher and Peer Relations Combine to Predict Primary School Students' Academic Skill Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poskiparta, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2015-01-01

    This study examined cross-lagged associations between positive teacher and peer relations and academic skill development. Reading and math skills were tested among 625 students in kindergarten and Grade 4. Teacher reports of positive affect toward each student and classmate reports of peer acceptance were gathered in Grades 1-3. The results…

  20. Development of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoon feeding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel-Hoek, L. van den; Hulst, K. van; Gerven, M.H.J.C van; Haaften, L. van; Groot, S.A. de

    2014-01-01

    Milestones in the typical development of eating skills are considered to be nippling (breast or bottle), eating from a spoon, drinking from a cup, biting and chewing. The purpose of this research was to study the development and consolidation of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoo

  1. Skill of a global seasonal streamflow forecasting system, relative roles of initial conditions and meteorological forcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Candogan Yossef, N.; Winsemius, H.C.; Weerts, A.; Van Beek, R.; Bierkens, M.F.P.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the relative contributions of initial conditions (ICs) and meteorological forcing (MF) to the skill of the global seasonal streamflow forecasting system FEWS-World, using the global hydrological model PCRaster Global Water Balance. Potential improvement in forecasting skill through

  2. Growth of Cognitive Skills in Preschoolers: Impact of Sleep Habits and Learning-Related Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Eunjoo; Molfese, Victoria J.; Beswick, Jennifer; Jacobi-Vessels, Jill; Molnar, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Research Findings: The present study used a longitudinal design to identify how sleep habits and learning-related behaviors impact the development of cognitive skills in preschoolers (ages 3-5). Sixty- seven children with parental report and cognitive skill assessment data were included. Scores on the Differential Ability Scales (C. Elliott, 1990)…

  3. Positive Teacher and Peer Relations Combine to Predict Primary School Students' Academic Skill Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poskiparta, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2015-01-01

    This study examined cross-lagged associations between positive teacher and peer relations and academic skill development. Reading and math skills were tested among 625 students in kindergarten and Grade 4. Teacher reports of positive affect toward each student and classmate reports of peer acceptance were gathered in Grades 1-3. The results…

  4. The "Rubella Bulge" and Vocational Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyks, Hollis W.

    1980-01-01

    The increased numbers and additional handicaps of deaf students born in the 1963-65 rubella epidemic require not more postsecondary programs, but rather strengthened programs and rehabilitation approaches to vocational and independent living skill training. (Author/CL)

  5. Marketing Skill Training for Students of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Major in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职制冷空调专业学生营销技能培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林永进

    2014-01-01

    The necessity for teaching the knowledge and skills of marketing to engineering majors students is described. For students of refrigeration and air conditioning major in higher vocational colleges, curriculum and teaching content of selling courses is studied and confirmed. And it proposed requirements for instructors. The advantages of marketing skill training for students in graduation practice and order classes is discussed.%阐述了对工科类专业学生传授营销知识和技能的必要性,针对高职空调专业学生,研究确定了营销类课程的设置和教学内容,并提出了对授课教师的要求,讨论了在毕业实习和企业订单班中培养学生营销技能的优势。

  6. Research and Practice on the Improvement of Vocational Students' Language Skills%提高职教学生语言能力的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙祖保

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the connotation of vocational students' quality, this paper analyzes the content of quality education, considering that the basic element of quality education is to improve students'language skills. On this basis, methods of improving students' language skills are presented and some practices on it are made.%从职业教育学生素质的内涵入手,分析了学生素质教育的内容,认为学生素质教育的基础要素是提高学生的语言表达能力。在此基础上,提出了提高学生语言表达能力的方法并进行了实践。

  7. 技能大赛对提升职教师资能力的作用分析%Analysis of Skills Competition in Improving Faculty Ability in Higher Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李跃柏

    2015-01-01

    技能大赛是国家提高职业教育教学质量、牵一发而动全身的具有战略性意义的赛事.职业技能大赛,提升了教师的专业能力,促进了教学模式和方法改革,促进了教师的职业精神和职业素养的提升,有效推动了职业教育发展.%Skills contest is designated by the state to improve teaching quality of vocational education,which has the ex-tremely important strategic significance.Professional skills contest vigorously promotes the teachers' professional ability,promotes the teachers' education teaching mode and method reform,improves the teachers' professional spirit and professional quality and facilitates the development of professional education.

  8. Working memory and language: skill-specific or domain-general relations to mathematics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purpura, David J; Ganley, Colleen M

    2014-06-01

    Children's early mathematics skills develop in a cumulative fashion; foundational skills form a basis for the acquisition of later skills. However, non-mathematical factors such as working memory and language skills have also been linked to mathematical development at a broad level. Unfortunately, little research has been conducted to evaluate the specific relations of these two non-mathematical factors to individual aspects of early mathematics. Thus, the focus of this study was to determine whether working memory and language were related to only individual aspects of early mathematics or related to many components of early mathematics skills. A total of 199 4- to 6-year-old preschool and kindergarten children were assessed on a battery of early mathematics tasks as well as measures of working memory and language. Results indicated that working memory has a specific relation to only a few-but critically important-early mathematics skills and language has a broad relation to nearly all early mathematics skills. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. The Role of Vocational Education in Economic Development in Malaysia: Educators' and Employers' Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustapha, Ramlee B.; Greenan, James P.

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 276 of 300 vocational educators and 53 of 120 employers in Malaysia indicated that both groups believed vocational education contributes to economic development and vocational graduates had good technical skills but needed better employability skills. They wanted more government collaboration with the private sector. (Contains 26…

  10. The Role of Vocational Education in Economic Development in Malaysia: Educators' and Employers' Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustapha, Ramlee B.; Greenan, James P.

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 276 of 300 vocational educators and 53 of 120 employers in Malaysia indicated that both groups believed vocational education contributes to economic development and vocational graduates had good technical skills but needed better employability skills. They wanted more government collaboration with the private sector. (Contains 26…

  11. A Research on the Strategies to Cultivate Higher Vocational College Students' Professional Skills%高职学生职业能力培养的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐彤宝; 刘春兰

    2015-01-01

    "To make a living with competence",possessing certain professional ability is a touchstone for vocational college students waiting to be employed,and it is also a higher demand of the developing society on students,this paper elaborated the connotation of ocational college students' professional skills and analyzed the problems in the cultivation od professional skills, and put forward the strategies to improve higher vocational college students' professional ability.%"以能力求生存",具有一定的职业能力是高职学生就业的试金石,也是社会发展对学生提出了更高的要求,本文通过对高职学生职业能力的细化和内涵的理解,及职业能力培养存在的问题分析,提出了提高高职学生职业能力的策略.

  12. 基于社会流动视角的农民工职业技能培训%Migrant workers vocational skills training based on social mobility perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高丽娟; 韩佳

    2014-01-01

    According to the current situation of migrant workers vocational skills training,and based on the human capital theory,as well as the “Blau - Duncan”model,technology assets theory on sociological theory perspective,this paper to bring forward a theory is that:we should establish a multi-level educational system for migrant workers,guarantee the safety of the vocational skills training funds security mechanism,we can provide upward mobility conditions for migrant workers through these measures.%针对农民工职业技能培训现状,基于人力资本理论、“布劳---邓肯”模型、技术资产理论等社会学相关理论的视角,提出建立多层次的农民工职业技能教育体系,健全农民工职业技能培训资金投入保障机制,为促进农民工群体向上流动提供保障条件。

  13. 高职院校电子商务专业学生沟通能力的培养%Promoting the Communication Skill of Electronic Commerce Major Students in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉琼

    2011-01-01

    The weak communication awareness and ability of electonic commerce major students in higher vocational colleges doesn't match the vocational request of electronic ecommerce post. Students, specialty and enterprise lead to low communication skill especially mote the communication skill of electronic language expression ability. This article discusses about the strategy to procommerce major students in higher vocatinal colleges based on the " threein one" pattern.%高职院校电子商务专业学生的沟通意识和能力整体较弱,这与电子商务类岗位的任职要求不相符。导致电子商务学生沟通能力特别是语言表达能力薄弱的主要原因来自于三方面因素:学生、专业、企业。本文基于“三维一体”模式探讨了提升高职院校电子商务学生沟通能力的培养策略,旨在给电子商务学生、专业在沟通能力培养方面提供参考。

  14. 积极参与职业技能竞赛提升学生就业创新能力%Actively Get Involved in Vocational Skill Competition to Enhance Innovation Ability for Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵钦

    2012-01-01

    Vocational skill competition is a platform which is good for students to enhance their practical application ability and increase their employment opportunities. The college teachers should reinforce their awareness of the importance of various types of vocational skill competitions, lead the students to participate in them actively, and combine the content of competition with practical teaching effectively, so as to achieve the goal of enhancing the students' innovative capacity for employment.%职业技能竞赛是大学生提升实战能力、增加就业机会的有益平台。高校教师需要加强对各类职业技能比赛的认识,带领学生积极参与比赛,将参赛内容与具体教学有效结合,以期达到提升大学生就业创新能力的目标。

  15. 高职院校酒店服务技能大赛存在的问题及建议——以中餐主题宴会设计比赛为例%A Study on Hotel Service Skill Competition for Vocational College——Based on Design of Chinese Banquet Contest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易红燕

    2015-01-01

    高职院校的人才培养目标是高素质技能型专门人才,既有实际服务操作技能又具备一定管理创新能力等综合素养的人才,高职院校酒店服务与管理技能大赛要充分体现这两方面能力. 研究分析了以往高职院校酒店服务技能大赛存在的问题,研究改进对策,设计了比较完善可行的中餐主题宴会设计大赛比赛规程,以期促进酒店服务与管理技能大赛的不断改进.%Talent cultivation objective of vocational colleges is to train well-qualified and skilled special talents with practical service skills as well as management innovation ability. Hotel Service and Management Skill Competition for Vocational College should be designed for testing these abilities. In this essay, the author analyzes the imperfections in Hotel Service and Management Skill Competition for Vocational Colleges and designs better rules for Chinese Banquet Contest in order to improve the quality of Hotel Service and Management Skill Competition for Vocational Colleges.

  16. 把握大赛方向强化技能训练提高教学效果--中职计算机专业技能竞赛与常规项目相结合的教学探究%Grasp the Direction of Competition, Strengthen Skill Training and Improve Teaching Effectiveness--Teaching Inquiry on Secondary Vocational School Computer Skills Competition in Conjunction with the Regular Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎燕

    2015-01-01

    本文主要以大赛为方向,围绕强化技能训练,介绍了中职计算机专业技能竞赛与常规项目相结合的教学方法。%In this paper, take the contest for the direction, around strengthening skills training, introduce vocational teaching methods of combining computer science skills competition and conventional projects.

  17. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  18. A Phenomenological Multi-Case Study About Social Success Skills, Aspirations, and Related Media Experiences

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Darnel Degand

    2015-01-01

      The social success skills valued and ultimately acquired by youth during their formative years can be better understood by examining the social spaces, processes, and interactions that are related...

  19. Effect of Skill Competition on the Development of Higher Vocational Education---Based on the View of Teaching Reform from Higher Vocational Colleges%技能大赛对高职教育发展的影响--基于高职院校教改角度的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董章清

    2014-01-01

    The skills competition promotes the development of higher vocational education,which not only innovate the ideas of vocational education,but also have great effect on the teaching methods and school-enterprise cooperation.However,it also has brought a series of negative effects due to short-term effect.This paper comprehensively analyzes the positive and negative effect of the skills competition, which can avoid the adverse effects,and concludes that the corresponding countermeasures are necessary according to the actual need.%技能大赛促进了高职教育的发展,不仅从理念上对高职教育进行了革新,在教学方式、校企合作方面均产生了较大的影响,然而,由于短期效应的原因,也带来了一系列的负面作用,通过对技能大赛对高职教育带来的正面和负面影响进行综合分析,能够发挥技能大赛的长处,避免其不利影响,进而根据实际需要,研究相应的对策。

  20. Animation Curriculum Group Construction in Secondary Vocational School Based on “Skill Integration”%基于“技能集成”的中职动漫专业课程群建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵惠敏

    2016-01-01

    “技能集成”是指为了完善和实现某一专业技能的系统培养,而将本专业或跨专业课程群中技能知识联系紧密、内在逻辑性强、同属于一个专业培养范畴内的系列技能根据专业培养目标进行重新整合。中职动漫专业的学生需要既有美术方面的技能,又要具备足够的计算机软件应用技能,因此人才培养中需要进行技能集成,课程群建设应以“技能集成”为核心,按照导向性、兼容性、完整性和独立性四原则,并由能力模块来设置课程和分配学时,只有这样才能使中职动漫专业培养出符合市场导向的有用人才。%“Skill integration”is an indispensable process in vocational schools with the target of improving and achieving a systematic develop-ment of a certain professional skill.According to the professional training goal,it re-integrates the closely-linked series of skills with clear inner logic which belong to the same professional training category in or across the curriculum group.Vocational students majoring in anima-tion need both art skills and sufficient computer software application skills.Therefore integrate skills is necessary in personnel training.In curriculum group construction,we should take “skill integration”as the core and follow the four principles of guidance,compatibility,integ-rity and independence.The setting of the curriculum and distribution of school hours should be formulated separately by the students'ability. Only in this way can we cultivate useful personnel to meet the needs of the market.

  1. Knowledge, Skills and Attributes for Academic Reference Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddow, Gaby

    2012-01-01

    A survey of Australian academic reference librarians was conducted as part of an international collaboration seeking to identify the most important knowledge, skills and attributes now and for the next ten years. Librarians working in or managing reference-related services at university and vocational education and training institutions…

  2. Individual Placement and Support supplemented with cognitive remediation and work-related social skills training in Denmark: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Thomas Nordahl; Nielsen, Iben Gammelgaard; Stenager, Elsebeth; Morthorst, Britt Reuter; Lindschou, Jane; Nordentoft, Merete; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2015-06-21

    Individual Placement and Support (IPS) appears to be an effective vocational intervention for obtaining competitive employment for people with severe mental illness. However, no IPS studies or trials have been conducted in Denmark, a country characterized by a specialized labor market with a higher minimum wage and fewer entry-level jobs in comparison with other countries such as the US. Furthermore, long-term job retention and economic self-sufficiency have not been clearly demonstrated. Integrating methods such as cognitive remediation and work-related social skills training may be ways to address these issues. The trial design is an investigator-initiated, randomized, assessor-blinded, multi-center trial. A total of 750 patients with severe mental illness will be randomly assigned into three groups: (1) IPS, (2) IPS enhanced with cognitive remediation and work-related social skills training, and (3) service as usual. The primary outcome is number of hours in competitive employment or education at 18-month follow-up. Secondary and exploratory outcomes are money earned, days to first employment, symptoms, functional level, self-esteem, and self-efficacy at 18-month follow-up. Thirty- and 60-month follow-ups will be register-based. This will be one of the largest randomized trials investigating IPS to date. The trial will be conducted with high methodological quality in order to reduce the risk of bias. If the results of this trial show that IPS, or IPS enhanced with cognitive remediation and work-related social skills training, is superior to service as usual, this will support preliminary evidence. Furthermore, it will show that the method is generalizable to a variety of labor markets and welfare systems and provide important knowledge about the effect of adding cognitive remediation and social skills training to the IPS intervention. ClinicalTrials registration number: NCT01722344 (registered 2 Nov. 2012).

  3. Increased Mindfulness Skills as Predictors of Reduced Trauma-Related Guilt in Treatment-Seeking Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Held, Philip; Owens, Gina P; Monroe, J Richard; Chard, Kathleen M

    2017-08-01

    The present study examined the predictive role of increased self-reported mindfulness skills on reduced trauma-related guilt in a sample of veterans over the course of residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; N = 128). The residential treatment consisted of seven weeks of intensive cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD, as well as additional psychoeducational groups, including seven sessions on mindfulness skills. Increased mindfulness skills describing, acting with awareness, and accepting without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in trauma-related guilt over the course of treatment. Increases in the ability to act with awareness and accept without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in global guilt, R(2) = .26, guilt distress, R(2) = .23, guilt cognitions, R(2) = .23, and lack of justification, R(2) = .11. An increase in the ability to accept without judgment was the only self-reported mindfulness skill that was associated with reductions in hindsight bias, β = -.34 and wrongdoing, β = -.44. Increases in self-reported mindfulness skills explained 15.1 to 24.1% of the variance in reductions in trauma-related guilt, suggesting that mindfulness skills may play a key role in reducing the experience of trauma-related guilt during psychotherapy. Our results provide preliminary support for the use of mindfulness groups as an adjunct to traditional evidence-based treatments aimed at reducing trauma-related guilt, though this claim needs to be tested further using experimental designs. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  4. 高职院校《物流成本管理》课程的技能考核改革研究%Higher Vocational Colleges of the Curriculum of Logistics Cost Management Research Skills Assessment Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈大波

    2016-01-01

    我国高职院校《物流成本管理》课程在技能考核方面存在诸多问题,使得进行课程技能考核改革刻不容缓。本文提出了《物流成本管理》课程技能考核改革的具体方案,即小组模式重点考核法和个人与小组联合考核法,指出了这些方法的基本思路及实施的具体方式,并总结了课程技能考核改革的效果。%There are some problems in the skill examination of logistics cost management course in higher voca-tional schools in China. These problems result in the skill examination reformation of logistics cost management course without a moment's delay. The paper puts forward a concrete scheme in the skill examination reformation of logistics cost management course.The scheme includes the key content examination method in group model and the combined assessment method in groups and individuals.It indicates the basic ideaand the specific implementation ways. At last,it summarizes the effect of the skill examination of logistics cost management course.

  5. 高职院校现代制造技术省级技能实训中心的建设研究%Research on construction of provincial skills training center by using modern manufacturing technology in higher vocational colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王城华

    2013-01-01

    Skills training is an efficient way to enhance the professional skills and the sense of innovation of vocational college students .In view of the practice in the provincial skills training center in Jiujiang Vocational and Technical College ,the importance ,localization ,thought and design are explained .It can provide a reference for similar colleges in constructing skills training center .%技能训练是高职学生提高专业技能、培养创新意识的有效途径。文章结合九江职业技术学院省级技能实训中心建设的实践,对建设技能实训中心的意义、定位、思路、方案设计等进行了系统阐述,为同类学校实训中心建设提供参考。

  6. Individual Learning on Environmental Vocational Education and Training Courses Does Not Always Lead to the Workplace Application of Knowledge and Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Fiona; Oltean-Dumbrava, Crina; Kara-Zaitri, Chakib; Newbury, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Empirical research on three commercial environmental vocational education and training programmes revealed distinct personal, teaching and work-based presage factors, which influenced individual learning and learning transfer to the workplace. The extent to which behaviour change and learning transfer occurred depended on a diverse range of…

  7. Individual Learning on Environmental Vocational Education and Training Courses Does Not Always Lead to the Workplace Application of Knowledge and Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Fiona; Oltean-Dumbrava, Crina; Kara-Zaitri, Chakib; Newbury, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Empirical research on three commercial environmental vocational education and training programmes revealed distinct personal, teaching and work-based presage factors, which influenced individual learning and learning transfer to the workplace. The extent to which behaviour change and learning transfer occurred depended on a diverse range of…

  8. Speaking Skills Competition Model and Vocational College Oral English Teaching%口语技能大赛模式与高职英语口语教学浅论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马燕

    2015-01-01

    从影响教学成功与否的四个重要因素入手,具体分析高职英语口语教学在教学内容设计、教学手段运用、教学主体参与以及课程考核方式等方面存在的问题,深入研究高职英语口语技能大赛的竞赛模式,探索借鉴口语技能大赛的竞赛内容设计、竞赛组织形式、竞赛评分机制,协调师生关系,以解决高职英语口语教学中的问题,做到"以赛促学,以赛促教",有效提高高职学生英语口语表达能力.%From the impact of teaching an important factor in the success of the four start Spoken English Teaching in Higher specific analysis in the design of teaching content, teaching methods used, the existence of the body involved in teaching and curriculum assessment methods and other issues, in-depth study of competition model of Vocational English Skills Competi-tion, to explore oral skills competition contest drawing content design, organization of competitions, contests scoring mechan-ism, coordinating teacher-student relationship, in order to solve the English teaching problems, we have"competition to pro-mote learning, to promote education by competition"to improve vocational students' English skills.

  9. Sit to Talk: Relation between Motor Skills and Language Development in Infancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libertus, Klaus; Violi, Dominic A

    2016-01-01

    Relations between walking skills and language development have been reported in 10- to 14-month-old infants. However, whether earlier emerging motor milestones also affect language skills remains unknown. The current research fills this gap by examining the relation between reaching and sitting skills and later language development, respectively. Reaching and sitting were assessed eight times, starting when infants (N = 29) were around 3 months of age. All assessments were completed and recorded remotely via videoconference using Skype or FaceTime. Subsequently, infants' language and motor skills were assessed via parent questionnaires (Communicative Development Inventories and Early Motor Questionnaire) at 10 and 14 months of age. Results revealed a significant correlation between the emergence of sitting skills and receptive vocabulary size at 10 and 14 months of age. Regression analyses further confirmed this pattern and revealed that the emergence of sitting is a significant predictor of subsequent language development above and beyond influences of concurrent motor skills. These findings suggest that the onset of independent sitting may initiate a developmental cascade that results in increased language learning opportunities. Further, this study also demonstrates how infants' early motor skills can be assessed remotely using videoconference.

  10. 论基于岗位群的技能竞赛对高职电气自动化专业实训教学的作用%The Effect on the Practice Training Teaching of Electrical Automation Specialty in Higher Vocational Education with Skills Competition Based on the Post Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智; 张雅婕; 杨洁

    2015-01-01

    利用岗位群的概念,对高职电气自动化相关岗位的岗位职责和岗位技能需求进行分析和归纳,以此为依据组织和实施本专业的技能竞赛。通过技能竞赛发现教学过程中存在的问题,并利用技能竞赛的方式引导竞赛参与者把岗位群中的核心技能作为实训课程体系构建的依据,以技能竞赛促进教学方法和手段的改革和“双师型”教学队伍的建设。%Using the concept of Post Group and according to the analysis and summary of the electrical automation in higher vocational colleges of related responsibilities and job skill requirements ,it is as a basis for the organization and implementation of the professional skills competition. It enable us to find problems in the teaching process through skills competition. Using the skills competition ,it enable to guide contest participants to consider the core skills of post group as the basis of training course system construction. And it can promote the reform of teaching methods and means and the construction of “double type”teaching team.

  11. The Design on the Training Courses + the Skill Identiifcation + the Skills Competition Practice Teaching Mode of the Biotechnology and Application Major in Higher Vocational School%高职生物技术专业“课程实训+技能鉴定+技能竞赛”实践教学模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾; 贾翠娟; 张伟

    2015-01-01

    Combining with the regional economic development needs, the text give a clear positioning to the major of biological technology and application in higher vocational school. On this basis, the text analysis the problems of the practice teaching system of biotechnology and application major and try to ifnd the reasons. Text explains " the training courses + the skill identiifcation + the skills competition "practice teaching mode and phases implementation plan, which can ascension the students’ professional skills and professional quality of the biotechnology and application major in higher vocational school.%文章结合区域经济发展需求,给予高职生物技术及应用专业明确定位,在此基础上,深入分析当前分析高职生物技术及应用专业实践教学中的问题及产生的原因,阐释“课程实训+技能鉴定+技能竞赛”实践教学模式相关概念,针对此模式现状提出阶段性的实施方案,提升高职生物技术及应用专业学生的专业技能和职业素养。

  12. A Matter of Balance: Motor Control is Related to Children's Spatial and Proportional Reasoning Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Andrea; Möhring, Wenke

    2015-01-01

    Recent research has shown close links between spatial and mathematical thinking and between spatial abilities and motor skills. However, longitudinal research examining the relations between motor, spatial, and mathematical skills is rare, and the nature of these relations remains unclear. The present study thus investigated the relation between children's motor control and their spatial and proportional reasoning. We measured 6-year-olds' spatial scaling (i.e., the ability to reason about different-sized spaces), their mental transformation skills, and their ability to balance on one leg as an index for motor control. One year later (N = 126), we tested the same children's understanding of proportions. We also assessed several control variables (verbal IQ and socio-economic status) as well as inhibitory control, visuo-spatial and verbal working memory. Stepwise hierarchical regressions showed that, after accounting for effects of control variables, children's balance skills significantly increased the explained variance in their spatial performance and proportional reasoning. Our results suggest specific relations between balance skills and spatial as well as proportional reasoning skills that cannot be explained by general differences in executive functioning or intelligence.

  13. Vocations as a source of identity: reciprocal relations between Big Five personality traits and RIASEC characteristics over 15 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wille, Bart; De Fruyt, Filip

    2014-03-01

    Although work is a core part of life, the direction of influence from personality to work has typically been conceived as only unidirectional. The present study aims to contribute to the literature by considering reciprocal relations between personality and occupational characteristics, drawing on current perspectives from personality psychology (i.e., the social investment principle) and using a well-established framework to conceptualize career development (i.e., Holland's RIASEC theory). For this purpose, a longitudinal cohort of college alumni (N = 266) was tracked across a substantial and significant period in their professional career. Big Five personality traits and RIASEC occupational characteristics were assessed at the career start and 15 years later when their careers had unfolded. A combination of observed and latent variable analyses were used to disentangle the longitudinal and reciprocal relations between traits and occupational characteristics. Our results indicate that personality shapes and is shaped by our vocational experiences, suggesting that work can be a source of identity. The implications for theory and research on personality in the industrial and organizational literature are discussed alongside a number of practical implications for organizational and counseling settings.

  14. Research on the Present Status of Double-skilled Teachers Team Construction and the Countermeasures in Vocational Colleges%高职院校“双师型”师资队伍建设现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄祖江

    2012-01-01

    Construction of a high-quality double-skilled teachers team represents the objective of teaching faculty construction in vocational colleges. By discussing on the connotation of double-skilled teachers in vocational colleges, and analyzing the present status of double-skilled teachers team construction in vocational colleges, the article presents strategies for constructing double-skilled teachers team in vocational colleges.%建立一支高素质的“双师型”师资队伍,是高职院校师资队伍建设的目标之一。针对当前高职院校“双师型”师资队伍仍存在结构不合理、缺乏稳定性、引进渠道不畅、制度不完善、缺乏培训等问题,提出更新观念、建立制度、加强培训、培养青年教师、校企合作等对策。

  15. Genetic and Environmental Etiologies of the Longitudinal Relations between Prereading Skills and Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Micaela E.; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Keenan, Janice M.; Pennington, Bruce; DeFries, John C.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Willcutt, Erik; Olson, Richard K.

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the environmental and genetic etiologies of the longitudinal relations between prereading skills and reading and spelling. Twin pairs (n = 489) were assessed before kindergarten (M = 4.9 years), post-first grade (M = 7.4 years), and post-fourth grade (M = 10.4 years). Genetic influences on five prereading skills (print…

  16. Genetic and Environmental Etiologies of the Longitudinal Relations between Prereading Skills and Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Micaela E.; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Keenan, Janice M.; Pennington, Bruce; DeFries, John C.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Willcutt, Erik; Olson, Richard K.

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the environmental and genetic etiologies of the longitudinal relations between prereading skills and reading and spelling. Twin pairs (n = 489) were assessed before kindergarten (M = 4.9 years), post-first grade (M = 7.4 years), and post-fourth grade (M = 10.4 years). Genetic influences on five prereading skills (print…

  17. The effects of school systems, teacher internal characteristics, and students on vocational teacher stress

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    Job stress is a multidimensional phenomenon. The researcher sought to examine variables that cause vocational teachers to experience stress in their teaching occupations and to evaluate the effects of these related stressors. This research evaluated the relationships between school systems and vocational teacher stress, teacher internal characteristics and vocational teacher stress, and students and vocational teacher stress. It also analyzed vocational teacher stre...

  18. 英语课堂中口语技能的教授--以中职英语教学为例%Oral skills in English classroom teaching-- Take vocational English teaching as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋德丽

    2013-01-01

      语言本身就是一种用来进行交流的工具,而口语则是体现出这种语言的交流性的最为重要的一种方式,因此,英语口语的重要性是不言而喻的。但是,我们不难发现,中职学生毕业后还不能具备英语口语的实际性、实用性的交际能力。随着教学新理念的更新,对于中职学校中的英语口语的关注在日益增多,对于中职英语口语教学改革也势在必行并正在得到改善。在本文中,笔者就以中职英语教学为例并以“英语课堂中口语技能的教授”为话题进行浅谈。%The language is a tool for communication, spoken English is one of the most important ways to reflect the language of communication, therefore, the importance of oral English is self-evident. However, it is not difficult to find that the students after graduation can not have practical communicative ability of spoken English. With the renewal of new teaching idea, the attention on secondary vocational school English is increasing, the teaching reform in vocational English also is imperative and being improved. In this paper, the author takes vocational English teaching as an example and discuss the "oral skills in English classroom teaching".

  19. Relations among Early Object Recognition Skills: Objects and Letters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustine, Elaine; Jones, Susan S.; Smith, Linda B.; Longfield, Erica

    2015-01-01

    Human visual object recognition is multifaceted and comprised of several domains of expertise. Developmental relations between young children's letter recognition and their 3-dimensional object recognition abilities are implicated on several grounds but have received little research attention. Here, we ask how preschoolers' success in recognizing…

  20. Development of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoon feeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Engel-Hoek, Lenie; van Hulst, Karen C M; van Gerven, Marjo H J C; van Haaften, Leenke; de Groot, Sandra A F

    2014-05-01

    Milestones in the typical development of eating skills are considered to be nippling (breast or bottle), eating from a spoon, drinking from a cup, biting and chewing. The purpose of this research was to study the development and consolidation of oral motor behavior related to the skill assisted spoon feeding in young infants. The present study longitudinally investigated the development of this skill in 39 healthy children from the start of spoon feeding until the skill was acquired. The Observation List Spoon Feeding with 7 observation items for oral motor behavior and 6 items for abnormal behavior was used. Results showed that infants between 4 and 8 months of age needed 5.7 weeks (SD 2.1), with a range of 8 weeks (from 2 to 10 weeks) to acquire this skill. No significant correlation (p=.109) between age at start spoon feeding and weeks needed to develop the skill was found. During this period oral motor behavior consolidated and abnormal behavior diminished. With this study it is shown that the period in weeks needed to acquire the oral motor behavior for the skill assisted spoon feeding is important in case of feeding problems. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. 校企合作制定高职材料成型专业职业岗位标准的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice of Occupation Quality and Skills for Material Formation and Control Technology Major in Higher Vocational Institutes Based on School-enterprise Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩小峰; 荣丽辉; 高岩

    2011-01-01

    发挥高职院校主导和行业企业的主体作用,运用职业功能分析方法,校企合作开发制定了,进一步明确了以服务为宗旨,就业为导向的办学方向,并在制定高职专业人才培养方案、构建课程体系和开发工学结合课程内容方面发挥重要地支撑作用,高职材料成型与控制技术专业建设工作取得了显著成效.%According to the principle of modularization, layering, professionalization and internationalization, occupation quality and skills for material formation and control technology major in higher vocational institutes was established by the way of vocational function analysis, which developed the self-choice behavior of higher vocational institutes and industry and definited the goal of services and guidance of employment. Occupation quality and skills for material formation and control technology major in higher vocational institutes plays the important support function on establishing the personnel education programme, building courses system and developing work-integrated learning course content. Nowadays, the building work of material formation and control technology major in higher vocational institutes has gained remarkable achievements.

  2. Study on On-campus Job Skills Training Mode for Engineering Specialty of Higher Vocational College%高职工科专业校内顶岗实习实践教学模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海荣

    2013-01-01

    On-campus job skills training aims to combine teaching , learning and working through the real working environment in which students can experience complete and real working process .So far ,great improvements have been made in the construction of on-cam-pus job skills training base in higher vocational colleges ,but teaching level is still low and needs improving ,w hich restrict the improvement of technical talents training level .Accord-ing to current situation of on-campus job skills training of higher vocational colleges ,this es-say analyses the existing problems and puts forward “on-campus” plus “off-campus” job skills training mode ,w hich is expected to solve the existing problems effectively and improve students’ job skills and comprehensive quality .%校内顶岗实习是指学生在校内真实的生产环境中,体验完整的工作过程,实现教学做的统一。目前,高职院校的校内生产性实训基地硬件建设基本到位,但存在实践教学组织水平低,功能发挥不当、开发不力等情况,制约着高职院校技术应用型人才培养水平的提升,本文根据高职院校人才培养实践教学的实际情况,在对顶岗实习存在问题分析与判断的基础上,提出校内顶岗实习+校外顶岗实习的实践教学模式,可有效解决顶岗实习浮于表面的问题,提高学生的职业技能,培养学生的综合素质。

  3. “微博”写作应用于“大学语文”课程改革的探索%The Exploration of Weibo′s Role in Improving Vocational Students′ Written Language Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜繁燕

    2014-01-01

    “微博”成为高职学生普遍热衷的一种写作方式。这种写作对于重建学生的表达欲望,培养他们的观察力感受力,积累写作素材,养成良好的写作习惯等都具有积极的意义。将其引入高职“大学语文”教学,利用它提高学生的书面语言表达能力,是进行课程创新性改革的有益尝试。%As a method of writing, the rising of Weibo becomes popular among vocational students. This kind of writing bears positive significance for retrieving the students′ desire for expressing, cultivating their observation and sensibility, accumulating writing materials, and developing a good habits in writing, etc. Thereby, to introduce Weibo into the course of college Chinese for vocational students, and explore how to take advantage of Weibo to improve the students′ written language skills would ensure that Chinese teaching always keeps pace with the times as well as be a beneficial attempt to promote curricular reform.

  4. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    . Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions......Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational...

  5. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational....... Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions...

  6. Positive teacher and peer relations combine to predict primary school students' academic skill development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poskiparta, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2015-04-01

    This study examined cross-lagged associations between positive teacher and peer relations and academic skill development. Reading and math skills were tested among 625 students in kindergarten and Grade 4. Teacher reports of positive affect toward each student and classmate reports of peer acceptance were gathered in Grades 1-3. The results showed, first, that positive teacher affect toward the student and peer acceptance were reciprocally associated: Positive teacher affect predicted higher peer acceptance, and higher peer acceptance predicted a higher level of positive teacher affect. Second, the effect of positive teacher affect on academic skill development was partly mediated via peer acceptance, while the effect of early academic skills on peer acceptance was partly mediated via positive teacher affect. The results suggest that a warm and supportive teacher can increase a student's peer acceptance, which, in turn, is positively associated with learning outcomes.

  7. Impaired automatization of a cognitive skill in first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagshal, Dana; Knowlton, Barbara Jean; Cohen, Jessica Rachel; Poldrack, Russell Alan; Bookheimer, Susan Yost; Bilder, Robert Martin; Asarnow, Robert Franklin

    2014-02-28

    We studied healthy, first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia to test the hypothesis that deficits in cognitive skill learning are associated with genetic liability to schizophrenia. Using the Weather Prediction Task (WPT), 23 healthy controls and 10 adult first-degree Relatives Of Schizophrenia (ROS) patients were examined to determine the extent to which cognitive skill learning was automated using a dual-task paradigm to detect subtle impairments in skill learning. Automatization of a skill is the ability to execute a task without the demand for executive control and effortful behavior and is a skill in which schizophrenia patients possess a deficit. ROS patients did not differ from healthy controls in accuracy or reaction time on the WPT either during early or late training on the single-task trials. In contrast, the healthy control and ROS groups were differentially affected during the dual-task trials. Our results demonstrate that the ROS group did not automate the task as well as controls and continued to rely on controlled processing even after extensive practice. This suggests that adult ROS patients may engage in compensatory strategies to achieve normal levels of performance and support the hypothesis that impaired cognitive skill learning is associated with genetic risk for schizophrenia.

  8. The relative importance of different perceptual-cognitive skills during anticipation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North, Jamie S; Hope, Ed; Williams, A Mark

    2016-10-01

    We examined whether anticipation is underpinned by perceiving structured patterns or postural cues and whether the relative importance of these processes varied as a function of task constraints. Skilled and less-skilled soccer players completed anticipation paradigms in video-film and point light display (PLD) format. Skilled players anticipated more accurately regardless of display condition, indicating that both perception of structured patterns between players and postural cues contribute to anticipation. However, the Skill×Display interaction showed skilled players' advantage was enhanced in the video-film condition, suggesting that they make better use of postural cues when available during anticipation. We also examined anticipation as a function of proximity to the ball. When participants were near the ball, anticipation was more accurate for video-film than PLD clips, whereas when the ball was far away there was no difference between viewing conditions. Perceiving advance postural cues appears more important than structured patterns when the ball is closer to the observer, whereas the reverse is true when the ball is far away. Various perceptual-cognitive skills contribute to anticipation with the relative importance of perceiving structured patterns and advance postural cues being determined by task constraints and the availability of perceptual information.

  9. Basic and advanced numerical performances relate to mathematical expertise but are fully mediated by visuospatial skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sella, Francesco; Sader, Elie; Lolliot, Simon; Cohen Kadosh, Roi

    2016-09-01

    Recent studies have highlighted the potential role of basic numerical processing in the acquisition of numerical and mathematical competences. However, it is debated whether high-level numerical skills and mathematics depends specifically on basic numerical representations. In this study mathematicians and nonmathematicians performed a basic number line task, which required mapping positive and negative numbers on a physical horizontal line, and has been shown to correlate with more advanced numerical abilities and mathematical achievement. We found that mathematicians were more accurate compared with nonmathematicians when mapping positive, but not negative numbers, which are considered numerical primitives and cultural artifacts, respectively. Moreover, performance on positive number mapping could predict whether one is a mathematician or not, and was mediated by more advanced mathematical skills. This finding might suggest a link between basic and advanced mathematical skills. However, when we included visuospatial skills, as measured by block design subtest, the mediation analysis revealed that the relation between the performance in the number line task and the group membership was explained by non-numerical visuospatial skills. These results demonstrate that relation between basic, even specific, numerical skills and advanced mathematical achievement can be artifactual and explained by visuospatial processing. (PsycINFO Database Record

  10. Emotional competence (intelligence) and vocational choice among candidates for the ordained ministry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Richard A; Mortensen, Ralph A; Gorsuch, Richard L; Malony, H Newton

    2013-01-01

    This research examined the ways in which vocational interests of United Methodist candidates for ordained ministry are related to Emotional Competence (EC) as measured by Inventory of Religious Activities and Interests (IRAI) ministry interests and 16PF personality scales. Results show two primary clusters of ministry interests that are related to EC. Recommendations include ways that supervisors, mentors, and pastor-staff-parish relations committees can use this information to enable pastors to grow in their EC skills.

  11. Children's Expressive Language Skills and Their Impact on the Relation between First-and Second-Language Phonological Awareness Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, J. Marc; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Farver, JoAnn M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the cross-language relations between the phonological awareness (PA) skills of preschool children learning more than one language are dependent upon their first-and second-language oral language skills. Four hundred sixty-six Spanish-speaking language minority children participated in this study.…

  12. The Relation between Chinese Preschoolers' Social-Emotional Competence and Preacademic Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Lixin; Knoche, Lisa L.; Edwards, Carolyn Pope

    2016-01-01

    Research Findings: The current study examines the relations between Chinese preschoolers' social-emotional competence and their preacademic skills, as well as the role of child gender and parental education in such relations. A total of 154 children from the northeastern region of China were involved in the study. Both parents and head teachers of…

  13. The Relation between Chinese Preschoolers' Social-Emotional Competence and Preacademic Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Lixin; Knoche, Lisa L.; Edwards, Carolyn Pope

    2016-01-01

    Research Findings: The current study examines the relations between Chinese preschoolers' social-emotional competence and their preacademic skills, as well as the role of child gender and parental education in such relations. A total of 154 children from the northeastern region of China were involved in the study. Both parents and head teachers of…

  14. The Research on Reformation of Water Conservancy Computer Assistant Design Curriculum Promoted by Skills Competition of the National Higher Vocational Colleges for Water Conservancy%全国水利高职院校技能大赛促进水利工程CAD课程改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢娟

    2012-01-01

    通过全国水利高职院校技能大赛的反思,笔者发现水利工程CAD课程存在很多问题,如课程能力目标不能体现岗位职业能力要求、课程内容未打破传统章节设置、课程考核与岗位要求的相关标准不一致、未重视课后的延续学习等问题.本文针对以上问题对水利工程CAD课程进行相关探索和尝试。%Through the reflection of skills competition of the national higher vocational colleges for water conservancy, the author found that water conservancy CAD curriculum had many problems, such as the ability objectives of curriculum can not reflect the post occupation skills requirements, course content without breaking the traditional set of chapters, curriculum assessment and requirements of related standards was inconsistent, Not paying enough attention to continue learning after class. In view of the above problems this article was conducted related research and exploration on water conservancy CAD curriculum.

  15. Research on Skills Teaching of Accounting in Five-year High Vocational Institutes%五年制高职会计专业技能教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴湘

    2012-01-01

      五年制高职会计专业毕业生应具有较强的专业技能,并要获得会计从业资格证书。这就要求学校突出专业技能教学和学生考证在整个人才培养工作中的重要地位,把会计人员国家职业标准所对应的知识、技能和素质要求贯穿于会计专业核心课程中,实现专业会计教育与行业标准的接轨。%  Learners of the accounting major in five-year high vocational institutes should master stronger professional skills and obtain the accounting qualification certificate, which require the institutes to highlight the importance of professional skills and certificate in personnel training program, merge the knowledge, skill and quality corresponding to the national professional standard into the core courses of the accounting major and unite the accounting education and profession standard.

  16. The development of (non-)symbolic comparison skills throughout kindergarten and their relations with basic mathematical skills

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toll, Sylke W M; Van Viersen, Sietske; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; Van Luit, Johannes E H

    2015-01-01

    Although numerical skills have proven to be important precursors for mathematical proficiency, longitudinal studies on numerical development are rather scarce. The overall goal of the present study is to gain insight in numerical skills, that is non-symbolic and symbolic comparison skills, as

  17. 高职化工专业学生专业技能培养途径探索%On the Approaches to Developing Higher Vocational Chemical Students' Professional Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳学芳

    2015-01-01

    从高职院校化工专业学生专业技能培养的必要性着眼,探讨高职院校化工专业学生专业技能的培养途径。分别从分段式培养、阶梯式培养、课岗课证融合、赛教相长、文化氛围熏陶等五个方面阐述了其培养途径。%This paper highlights the importance of developing higher vocational chemical students' professional skills and probes into the approaches from five aspects: divided-step course, easy-to-difficult course, project of job-seeking and certificate-obtaining, course of teaching-and-competing, and illumination from teaching-to-practicing.

  18. Higher vocational peer psychological counselors group counseling skills training strategy research%高职朋辈心理辅导员团体心理咨询技能培养的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高庆春; 李东

    2012-01-01

    the peer counseling in higher vocational colleges has become the psychological health education process indispensable important form. Strengthen the peer psychological counselor training and guidance, and explore, effective ways, improve its operation skills, exert the function of group psychological counseling, and has important significance.%朋辈心理辅导已成为高职院校心理健康教育过程中不可或缺的重要形式。加强朋辈心理辅导员的培训与指导,探索有效途径,提高其操作技能。发挥团体心理咨询的功能,具有重要意义。

  19. Research and Study on the Model of Skill Competition of Tianjin City Vocational College Education Group%天津城市职业学院职教集团技能竞赛模式的探索与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜慧娟

    2014-01-01

    As a new model of teaching exchange activity ,the skill competition of Tianjin Voca-tional Education Group is the first one in the national teaching models .Under the leadership of the Tian-jin City Vocational College and by competing with the other four branch vocational colleges in the city , the vocational education group makes a internal integration and exchange of teaching resources ,which has become a brand activity .This paper makes a research on the model of group skill competition from the points of promoting the teaching ,the teaching level of teachers and the students ’ skills ,which pro-vides a theoretical analysis for the future development of the internal higher vocational education of the vocational education group .%天津职教集团技能大赛作为一种新型的教学交流活动,在全国教育教学模式中尚属首例。职教集团在天津城市职业学院总院的带领下,通过与市内四个高职教学分院的技能竞赛活动,进行集团内部的教育教学资源整合和交流,已经成为品牌活动。本文从促进教学、促进教师教学水平的提升、促进学生职业技能的提升三方面对集团技能竞赛模式进行了研究,对今后职教集团内部高职教育教学的发展提供理论的分析。

  20. 高职商务英语专业技能达标标准的设计与研究%Design and research of business English professional skills standards in higher vocational Business English major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵伟宁

    2013-01-01

    With the constant changes and developments of global economy and education, the objective and mode of talent training in higher vocational education of our country must keep up with the new pattern of social developments and changes. For those students of vocational colleges majoring in Business English, in order to improve their actual comprehensive ability and employability, the key for educational reform is to draw up a scientific and effective standard for professional skills. The author has worked out a systematic standard for professional skills of business English after many years of exploration and practice in Business English major. The implementation and enforcement have cultivated a great number of qualified and application-oriented personnel in Business English major.%  由于世界经济和教育形式的不断变化与发展,我国高等职业教育的人才培养目标和人才培养模式必须要跟上社会发展变化的新格局。为了提高高职商务英语专业学生的综合实力和就业能力,制订出一套科学有效的专业技能达标标准成为了高职商务英语专业教学改革的关键所在。文章作者经过多年对高职商务英语专业的探索与实践,制定出较为完善的商务英语技能达标标准。通过此标准的实施,培养出了一大批高质量的商务英语高技术技能应用型人才。

  1. Essential competencies analysis of a training model development for non-formal vocational teachers under the office of the non-formal and informal education in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chayanopparat Piyanan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-formal vocational education provides practical experiences in a particular occupational field to non-formal semi-skilled learners. Non-formal vocational teachers are the key persons to deliver particular occupational knowledge. The essential competencies enhancement for non-sformal vocational teachers will improve teaching performance. The question of the research is what the essential competencies for the nonformal vocational teachers are. The research method was 1 to review related literature, 2 to collect a needs assessment, and 3 to analyse the essential competencies for non-formal vocational teachers. The population includes non-formal vocational teachers at the executive level and nonformal vocational teachers. The results from the essential competencies analysis found that the essential competencies for non-formal vocational teachers consist of 5 capabilities including 1 Adult learning design capability, 2 Adult learning principle application capability, 3 ICT searching capability for teaching preparation, 4 Instructional plan development capability and 5 Instructional media development capability.

  2. Factors Influencing the Acquisition of Employability Skills by Students of Selected Technical Secondary School in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dania, Jovinia; Bakar, Ab Rahim; Mohamed, Shamsiah

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of the study was to assess the acquisition of employability skills by vocational students in Malaysia. A total of 214 students participated in the study. We used the SCANS instrument to assess vocational students' employability skills. The overall mean of vocational secondary students' employability skills was 3.81 (SD = 0.34).…

  3. Vocational Skills Training and"Soil and Road Materials"Integration of Theory and Practice Teaching Training Mode%职业技能培训与“土质与筑路材料”理实一体化课程教学培养模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉美

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes the use of the integration of theory and practice of teaching vocational skills training institu-tions craftsmen to the Jiangsu Jiaotong College, for example, the"soil and road materials"course for the analysis of the ob-ject, in the analysis of vocational skills training on the basis of the problems and explore teaching methods and soil and road materials integration of theory and practice training model combining courses to vocational qualification certificate as a stan-dard, and actively carry out vocational skills training and assessment.%本论文提出了采用理实一体化的教学方式提高技工院校的职业技能培训,以江苏省交通技师学院为例,以“土质与筑路材料”这门课程为分析对象,在分析职业技能培训中存在问题的基础上,探索与土质与筑路材料理实一体化课程培养模式相结合的教学方法,以职业资格证书为标准,积极开展职业技能培训与考核。

  4. The Relative Importance of Selected Communication Skills for Adolescents' Interactions with Their Teachers: High School Teachers' Opinions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Vicki A.; Spicer, Lynette

    2003-01-01

    High school teachers (n=143) ranked 14 communication skills according to the perceived order of importance for Grade 10 adolescents' communication with them as teachers. Teachers tended to perceive skills associated with discourse management strategies as relatively more important than other skills. Science teachers ranked turn taking higher than…

  5. Impact of Sport-related Games on High School Students’ Communication Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozturk Ozden Tepekoylu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In Recent studies underline the fact that adolescents are, at many times, likely to experience serious communication problems with their families and close environments. So, the aim of this study is to determine positive impact of sport-related games, which are performed as extracurricular activities, on high school students’ communication skills. In the study, pre, & post-tests was utilized with the control group’s experimental patterns. Two participant groups were made up of totally 30 high school students, 15 of whom would be in the experimental group and the rest of whom were in the control group. The former group was given sport- related 20 applications for 10 weeks during which the latter group would not deal with any extracurricular activities. Meanwhile, before and after the applications, data was collected by means of “The Communication Skills Scale” which was developed by Korkut (1996 and then analysed through “two-way ANCOVA” test techniques. Results clarify that the considerable gap in scores of the students’ pre, & post-tests perception concerning their communication skills are clearly attributed to sport-related games and it was also established that scores of the students in the experimental group were meaningfully higher than ones in the control group. However, perception of communication skills in the both groups was not significantly different by sex of the students. Moreover, the common effect of sex and participation on sport- related games was not found statistically meaningful in terms of communication skills. Consequently, it could be said that sport-related games impact positively communication skills.

  6. 高职市场营销专业学生公共关系能力培养研究与实践%Vocational Marketing Majors'' Public Relations Ability Research and Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雅琴

    2015-01-01

    Public relations is professional core courses of vocational marketing professional, to improve students'' public re-lations marketing ability, we need to understand the important role of public relations and students in modern marketing sys-tem plays an essential PR skills, on this basis, to take the project teaching, namely organizing students to complete six training programs to exercise and enhance its public relations capacity, proven, this achieved good teaching results.%公共关系是高职市场营销的专业核心课程,要提高市场营销学生的公关能力,就需了解公共关系在现代营销体系中发挥的重要作用和学生必备的公关技能,在此基础上,采取项目教学法,即组织学生完成六大实训项目来锻炼和提升其公关能力,实践证明,此举取得了较好的教学效果.

  7. An ideal-typical model for comparing interprofessional relations and skill mix in health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schönfelder, Walter; Nilsen, Elin Anita

    2016-11-08

    Comparisons of health system performance, including the regulations of interprofessional relations and the skill mix between health professions are challenging. National strategies for regulating interprofessional relations vary widely across European health care systems. Unambiguously defined and generally accepted performance indicators have to remain generic, with limited power for recognizing the organizational structures regulating interprofessional relations in different health systems. A coherent framework for in-depth comparisons of different models for organizing interprofessional relations and the skill mix between professional groups is currently not available. This study aims to develop an ideal-typical framework for categorizing skill mix and interprofessional relations in health care, and to assess the potential impact for different ideal types on care coordination and integrated service delivery. A document analysis of the Health Systems in Transition (HiT) reports published by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies was conducted. The HiT reports to 31 European health systems were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis and a process of meaning condensation. The educational tracks available to nurses have an impact on the professional autonomy for nurses, the hierarchy between professional groups, the emphasis given to negotiating skill mix, interdisciplinary teamwork and the extent of cooperation across the health and social service interface. Based on the results of the document analysis, three ideal types for regulating interprofessional relations and skill mix in health care are delimited. For each ideal type, outcomes on service coordination and holistic service delivery are described. Comparisons of interprofessional relations are necessary for proactive health human resource policies. The proposed ideal-typical framework provides the means for in-depth comparisons of interprofessional relations in the health care

  8. Improving empathy and relational skills in otolaryngology residents: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riess, Helen; Kelley, John M; Bailey, Robert; Konowitz, Paul M; Gray, Stacey Tutt

    2011-01-01

    Physician empathy and relational skills are critical factors predicting quality of care, patient safety, patient satisfaction, and decreasing malpractice claims. Studies indicate that physician empathy declines throughout medical training, yet little is published about methods to enhance empathy, especially in surgical residency training. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires competencies in 6 areas, including interpersonal skills and communication. To address this important problem, the first author developed an innovative empathy-relational skills training protocol focusing on the underlying neurobiological mechanisms of empathy and the interpersonal processes that positively affect the patient-doctor relationship. The authors tested the effectiveness of this protocol in a pilot study with 11 otolaryngology residents. Results showed that a brief series of 3 empathy training sessions can significantly improve physicians' knowledge of the neurobiology and physiology of empathy, as well as their self-reported capacity to empathize with patients. A trend toward increased patient satisfaction was observed.

  9. Social cognition in patients at ultra-high risk for psychosis: What is the relation to social skills and functioning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise B. Glenthøj

    2016-09-01

    Conclusion: Significant impairments in social cognition and social skills were found in UHR patients. The patients' social cognitive function was associated with overall functioning and social skills. Negative symptoms appear to play an important role for functioning. Research is needed to investigate how the relations between social cognition, social skills and functioning develop from the UHR state to the stage of manifest illness. Research into how deficits in social cognition and social skills can be ameliorated in UHR patients is warranted.

  10. Bidirectional relations between phonological awareness and letter knowledge in preschool revisited: A growth curve analysis of the relation between two code-related skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerner, Matthew D; Lonigan, Christopher J

    2016-04-01

    Despite the importance of phonological awareness for the development of reading in alphabetic languages, little attention has been paid to its developmental origins. In this study, dual-process, latent growth models were used to examine patterns of bidirectional relations between letter knowledge and phonological awareness during preschool. The sample comprised 358 children (mean age=48.60 months, SD=7.26). Growth models were used to quantify the unique longitudinal relations between the initial level of each skill and growth in the other skill during the preschool year, after controlling for initial level of the same skill, vocabulary, age, and growth in the code-related skill being used as a predictor. Letter-name knowledge and phonological awareness were bidirectionally related; the initial level of each uniquely predicted growth in the other. Initial letter-sound knowledge and phonological awareness growth were not uniquely related, and vocabulary was not related to growth in phonological awareness. These findings extend the evidence of the relation between letter knowledge and phonological awareness to supra-phonemic tasks, indicating that this bidirectional relation begins at an earlier point in the development of phonological awareness than previously reported. In addition, these findings help to rule out general growth in letter knowledge and phonological awareness as an alternative explanation for the bidirectional relation between these two code-related skills. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  12. An Idiothetic Examination of Vocational Interests and Their Relation to Career Decidedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tracey, Terence J. G.; Darcy, Maria

    2002-01-01

    Examines individuals' deviation from Holland's normative circular RIASEC model of organizing interests and determines if deviation is related to career indecision, career certainty, and perceptions of competence. Results revealed that deviation from the normative structure was associated with less career certainty and more career indecision.…

  13. An Idiothetic Examination of Vocational Interests and Their Relation to Career Decidedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tracey, Terence J. G.; Darcy, Maria

    2002-01-01

    Examines individuals' deviation from Holland's normative circular RIASEC model of organizing interests and determines if deviation is related to career indecision, career certainty, and perceptions of competence. Results revealed that deviation from the normative structure was associated with less career certainty and more career indecision.…

  14. A Relational-Cultural Framework: Emphasizing Relational Dynamics and Multicultural Skill Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kristopher G.; Barden, Sejal; Conley, Abigail

    2014-01-01

    Increases in diverse clientele have caused counselor education to enhance its focus on multicultural pedagogy, using the Tripartite Model (TM) to impart multicultural learning. While knowledge and awareness are important, it also is important to enhance skill development in counselors-in-training. Counselor educators have a unique opportunity to…

  15. The Research on the Status, Rehabilitation, Education, Vocational Development, Social Integration and Support Services Related to Intellectual Disability in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lihui; Qiu, Zhuoying; Wong, Daniel; Hernandez, Lucy Wong; Zhao, Qianlei

    2010-01-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a prevalent form of non-progressive cognitive impairment. The objectives of this articles are: to analyze the changes of ID in China, including its definition, prevalence, rehabilitation, education, vocational development, social life and support services; to review and to compare the issues of intellectual…

  16. The Role of Perceived Barriers and Relational Support in the Educational and Vocational Lives of Urban High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Maureen E.; Blustein, David L.; Chaves, Anna; Grossman, Jennifer M.; Gallagher, Laura A.

    2003-01-01

    Drawing on developmental contextual theory, the authors examined the relationship of perceived barriers and support with school engagement and vocational attitudes among 9th-grade urban high school students in 2 studies. Study 1 (N=174) showed that both perceived barriers and perceived support from family kin were associated with youths'…

  17. 基于职业技能大赛的高职文秘专业课程设置研究--以云南农业大学热带作物学院为例%A Study of Vocational Skill Competition -based Curriculum of Secretary Major in Vocational Colleges:College of Tropical Crops,Yunnan Agricultural University as a Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付琼芝

    2015-01-01

    基于职业技能大赛的高职文秘专业课程以“三模块、二能力、多活动”培养为核心,树立“能力本位”的课程观。即以“技能大赛”为驱动,构建以“基础课、核心课、拓展课教学模块为主导,以专业核心能力和关键职业能力训练为重点,多种课外活动为支撑”的课程体系,强化学生职业技能,全方位训练学生综合素质能力,注重对学生动手操作能力和创新意识的培养。其意义在于可使教学内容和教学设计具有较强的针对性和实用性,对学生动手操作能力和创新意识的培养提供有力保障,使学生对综合素质以及团队合作精神的要求有明确认识。%Vocational skill competition-based curriculum of secretary courses in vocational colleges focu-ses on training of three modules,two capabilities,multi-activities,aiming to establish a competency-based concept.That is:to establish a course system,driven by skill competition,dominated by the teaching modules of basic courses,core courses and expanding courses,emphasized on professional core competencies,and supported by extra-curricular activities.It is of significance to strengthen students'professional skills,promote students'comprehensive abilities,lay emphasis on training students'opera-tional skills and innovative awareness in order to make teaching contents and teaching design more practi-cal and pertinent,and make clear the comprehensive quality and team work spirit to students.

  18. On the Head Teacher's Working Skills and Methods in Vocational School%职业学校班主任工作技巧和方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘正宏

    2011-01-01

    At present,vocational education is developing vigorously in China.The head teacher's work is particularly important in cultivating comprehensively developed vocational school graduates.As a vocational school teacher,he should unfold his work in accordance with students' psychological features and help them develop correct value of the life and the world,so as to cultivate a number of secondary professional technicians with healthy mental condition,the spirit of teamwork and good moral quality.%目前,我国正在大力发展职业教育。为了使学生全面发展,成为一名合格的毕业生,学校教育的任务相当迫切,其中班主任工作尤其重要。作为职业学校的班主任,应根据学生的心理特点,开展班主任工作,使之树立正确的人生观、世界观、价值观,成为全面发展的实用型人才。班主任是学生班集体的领导者和组织者,也是素质教育的主要实施者。职业学校的班主任要根据职校生的新特点,培养学生的健康心理、团结协作的精神和爱岗敬业的职业道德,以造就大批合格的中等专业技术人才。

  19. Mothers' Predictions of Their Son's Executive Functioning Skills: Relations to Child Behavior Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    This study examined mothers' ability to accurately predict their sons' performance on executive functioning tasks in relation to the child's behavior problems. One-hundred thirteen mothers and their 4-7 year old sons participated. From behind a one-way mirror, mothers watched their sons perform tasks assessing inhibition and planning skills.…

  20. Is There a Relationship between Improving Human Relation Skills and Levels of Academic Performance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Jolene; Byrne, Susan; Kiedaisch, Jan; Thiele, Nancy; Weber, Gwyn

    This Action Research Project implemented a program for improving human relation skills intended to raise the academic performance level of students. The target population consists of kindergarten, seventh grade (regular/at-risk), and high school (regular/behavior disordered) students. Analysis of both research literature and problem evidence…

  1. Motor Skills Enhance Procedural Memory Formation and Protect against Age-Related Decline

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, N.C.; Genzel, L.K.E.; Konrad, B.N; Pawlowski, M.; Neville, D.; Fernandez, G.; Steiger, A.; Dresler, M.

    2016-01-01

    The ability to consolidate procedural memories declines with increasing age. Prior knowledge enhances learning and memory consolidation of novel but related information in various domains. Here, we present evidence that prior motor experience-in our case piano skills-increases procedural learning

  2. Genetic and Environmental Overlap between Chinese and English Reading-Related Skills in Chinese Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Simpson W. L.; Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Waye, Mary M. Y.; Bishop, Dorothy V. M.

    2014-01-01

    This twin study examined the relative contributions of genes and environment on 2nd language reading acquisition of Chinese-speaking children learning English. We examined whether specific skills-visual word recognition, receptive vocabulary, phonological awareness, phonological memory, and speech discrimination-in the 1st and 2nd languages have…

  3. Delinquency, Social Skills and the Structure of Peer Relations: Assessing Criminological Theories by Social Network Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smangs, Mattias

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the plausibility of the conflicting theoretical assumptions underlying the main criminological perspectives on juvenile delinquents, their peer relations and social skills: the social ability model, represented by Sutherland's theory of differential associations, and the social disability model, represented by Hirschi's…

  4. Moblogging Type and Its Relation with Usability and Development of Knowledge Management Skills for Blind Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafa, Akram Fathy

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the research is to explore the relation of mobile Blogging (Moblogging -MB) on the usability and development of Knowledge Management skills for Blind Students. The research followed a pretest and posttest quasi experimental design. Participants were 17 blind students from the third semester of the academic year 2015 in the course of…

  5. Deconstructing Building Blocks: Preschoolers' Spatial Assembly Performance Relates to Early Mathematical Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdine, Brian N.; Golinkoff, Roberta M.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathryn; Newcombe, Nora S.; Filipowicz, Andrew T.; Chang, Alicia

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on three main goals: First, 3-year-olds' spatial assembly skills are probed using interlocking block constructions (N = 102). A detailed scoring scheme provides insight into early spatial processing and offers information beyond a basic accuracy score. Second, the relation of spatial assembly to early mathematical skills…

  6. Genetic and Environmental Overlap between Chinese and English Reading-Related Skills in Chinese Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Simpson W. L.; Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Waye, Mary M. Y.; Bishop, Dorothy V. M.

    2014-01-01

    This twin study examined the relative contributions of genes and environment on 2nd language reading acquisition of Chinese-speaking children learning English. We examined whether specific skills-visual word recognition, receptive vocabulary, phonological awareness, phonological memory, and speech discrimination-in the 1st and 2nd languages have…

  7. Chilean Family Reminiscing about Emotions and Its Relation to Children's Self-Regulation Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leyva, Diana; Nolivos, Virginia

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: This study examined the relation between Chilean parents' narrative participatory styles (i.e., the way in which parents scaffold children's participation in conversations) and children's self-regulation skills. A total of 210 low-income Chilean parent-child dyads participated in the study. Dyads were videotaped talking about a…

  8. Mothers' Predictions of Their Son's Executive Functioning Skills: Relations to Child Behavior Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    This study examined mothers' ability to accurately predict their sons' performance on executive functioning tasks in relation to the child's behavior problems. One-hundred thirteen mothers and their 4-7 year old sons participated. From behind a one-way mirror, mothers watched their sons perform tasks assessing inhibition and planning skills.…

  9. Preschool Children's Turkish Language Skills Related to Various Variables (Sample of Denizli)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onder, Alev; Gulay, Hulya

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to study 5-6 years old preschool children's Turkish language skills related to various variables (socioeconomic status, profession of fathers, working of mothers, education levels of parents, numbers of siblings, age of children and gender of children) in Denizli. The sample of the research consisted of 223 (114…

  10. On the relation between the signing and reading skills of deaf bilinguals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermans, D.; Ormel, E.A.; Knoors, H.E.T.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we will describe the theoretical underpinning of many bilingual education programs for deaf children: Cummins' Linguistic Interdependence theory. Then, we will review some of the studies that have been conducted on the relation between reading and signing skills, and discuss how diffi

  11. Preschool Twin Study of the Relation between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Prereading Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willcutt, Erik G.; Betjemann, Rebecca S.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Samuelsson, Stefan; Corley, Robin; DeFries, John C.; Byrne, Brian; Pennington, Bruce F.; Olson, Richard K.

    2007-01-01

    Numerous studies have examined the etiology of the association between reading difficulties and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in school-age children, but little is known about the relation between prereading skills and ADHD behaviors prior to the beginning of formal reading instruction. A population-based sample of 809 pairs of…

  12. Polite, Instrumental, and Dual Liars: Relation to Children's Developing Social Skills and Cognitive Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, Jennifer; Yachison, Sarah; Crossman, Angela; Talwar, Victoria

    2017-01-01

    Lying is an interpersonal exercise that requires the intentional creation of a false belief in another's mind. As such, children's development of lie-telling is related to their increasing understanding of others and may reflect the acquisition of basic social skills. Although certain types of lies may support social relationships, other types of…

  13. Moblogging Type and Its Relation with Usability and Development of Knowledge Management Skills for Blind Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostafa, Akram Fathy

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the research is to explore the relation of mobile Blogging (Moblogging -MB) on the usability and development of Knowledge Management skills for Blind Students. The research followed a pretest and posttest quasi experimental design. Participants were 17 blind students from the third semester of the academic year 2015 in the course of…

  14. The Relative Value of Growth in Math Fact Skills across Late Elementary and Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Peter M.; Parker, David C.; Zaslofsky, Anne F.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the importance of growth in math fact skills within the context of overall math proficiency. Data for 1,493 elementary and middle school students were included for analysis. Regression models were fit to examine the relative value of math fact fluency growth, prior state test performance, and a fall…

  15. Sex Differences in the Relation between Math Performance, Spatial Skills, and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganley, Colleen M.; Vasilyeva, Marina

    2011-01-01

    Sex differences have been previously found in cognitive and affective predictors of math achievement, including spatial skills and math attitudes. It is important to determine whether there are sex differences not only in the predictors themselves, but also in the nature of their relation to math achievement. The present paper examined spatial…

  16. Drawing skill is related to the efficiency of encoding object structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perdreau, F.A.G.; Cavanagh, P.

    2014-01-01

    Accurate drawing calls on many skills beyond simple motor coordination. A good internal representation of the target object's structure is necessary to capture its proportion and shape in the drawing. Here, we assess two aspects of the perception of object structure and relate them to participants'

  17. Polite, Instrumental, and Dual Liars: Relation to Children's Developing Social Skills and Cognitive Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, Jennifer; Yachison, Sarah; Crossman, Angela; Talwar, Victoria

    2017-01-01

    Lying is an interpersonal exercise that requires the intentional creation of a false belief in another's mind. As such, children's development of lie-telling is related to their increasing understanding of others and may reflect the acquisition of basic social skills. Although certain types of lies may support social relationships, other types of…

  18. The Development of Narrative Comprehension and Its Relation to Other Early Reading Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Julie S.; van den Broek, Paul; Kremer, Kathleen E.; Kendeou, Panayiota; White, Mary Jane; Lorch, Elizabeth P.

    2008-01-01

    The first goal of this study was to examine young children's developing narrative comprehension abilities using theory-based, authentic measures of comprehension processes. The second goal was to examine the relations among young children's comprehension abilities and other early reading skills. Children ages 4 and 6 listened to or watched two…

  19. Communicative Approach as a Tool for Relating Reading and Writing Skills in Early Childhood Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ololube, Nwachukwu Prince; Briggs, Teinye; Kpolovie, Peter James; Ezindu, Salome Uwaoma

    2010-01-01

    This study dwells upon communicative approach as a tool for relating reading and writing skills in early childhood education in a developing economy. The quantitative data was gathered through the use of structured questionnaires and was analysed using SPSS version 17. This study confirms that teachers in the selected early childhood education…

  20. The Effects of Reflective Activities on Skill Adaptation in a Work-Related Instrumental Learning Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roessger, Kevin M.

    2014-01-01

    In work-related instrumental learning contexts, the role of reflective activities is unclear. Kolb's experiential learning theory and Mezirow's transformative learning theory predict skill adaptation as an outcome. This prediction was tested by manipulating reflective activities and assessing participants' response and error rates during novel…

  1. Drawing skill is related to the efficiency of encoding object structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perdreau, F.A.G.; Cavanagh, P.

    2014-01-01

    Accurate drawing calls on many skills beyond simple motor coordination. A good internal representation of the target object's structure is necessary to capture its proportion and shape in the drawing. Here, we assess two aspects of the perception of object structure and relate them to participants'

  2. Preschool Children's Turkish Language Skills Related to Various Variables (Sample of Denizli)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onder, Alev; Gulay, Hulya

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to study 5-6 years old preschool children's Turkish language skills related to various variables (socioeconomic status, profession of fathers, working of mothers, education levels of parents, numbers of siblings, age of children and gender of children) in Denizli. The sample of the research consisted of 223 (114…

  3. Entry into vocational rehabilitation program following work-related hand injury: Potential candidates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueh-Hsia Chen

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This case-control study aimed to investigate the predictors of return to work (RTW following work-related major forearm, wrist or hand injury at the preparation stage of return to work. Material and Methods: A total of 80 clients were recruited and divided into 2 groups depending on their readiness of RTW. The groups were compared with each other with regard to their demographics, compensation status, hand injury severity, health perception, and time off work (TOW using correlation coefficient. Predictors of RTW were measured by logistic regression analysis. Results: There were no significant differences in demographics and the severity of hand injury between 2 groups. Self-perceived physical functioning (p = 0.04, vitality (p = 0.01, mental health (p = 0.03 and TOW (p = 0.001 were significantly different between Action group and Preparation group. With binary logistic regression analysis, self-perceived vitality (odds ratio (OR = 1.041 and TOW (OR = 0.996 were shown to be strongly predictive of RTW at the preparation stage of return to work. Conclusions: This study has shown that shorter TOW and better self-perceived vitality could predict early readiness for RTW after major work-related forearm, wrist or hand injury.

  4. DoD Needs to Improve Vocational Training Efforts to Develop the Afghan National Security Forces Infrastructure Maintenance Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    level (apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman ) in each facility maintenance trade and stated that training will continue until the students demonstrate...11A performance standard for a vocational skill level could be an apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman . A vocation type for

  5. Fluctuations in running and skill-related performance in elite rugby union match-play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacome, Mathieu; Piscione, Julien; Hager, Jean-Philippe; Carling, Chris

    2017-03-01

    This study investigated end-game and transient changes in running activities and whether these were concomitantly associated with reductions in skill-related performance in senior international rugby union match-play. Altogether, 18 official matches were analysed (322 individual observations) using computerised video-based tracking and event coding (Amisco Pro(®), SUP, Nice, France). In forwards and backs, trivial to small reductions (% difference: -2.1, ±1.3 to -10.0, ±4.0%) in total distance and that covered at high speeds (>18.0 km h(-1)) occurred in the second- versus the first-half while there were trivial differences in skill-related performance measures (-2.3, ±4.5 to 7.5, ±14.0%). In both positions, small to moderate declines (-42, ±10 to -21, ±7%) occurred in high-speed running in the final 10-min and 5-min periods versus mean values for all other 10-min and 5-min periods throughout the game while only small changes (-18, ±51 to 13, ±41%) in skill-related performance were observed. Trivial changes in running and skill-related performance (-11, ±74 to 7, ±39%) were observed in the 5-min period immediately following the most intense 5-minute periods of play compared to mean performance over the other 5-min periods. These findings suggest that international rugby union players were generally able to maintain skill-related performance over the course of match-play even when declines in running performance occurred.

  6. Longitudinal Relations Between Parental Writing Support and Preschoolers' Language and Literacy Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skibbe, Lori E; Bindman, Samantha W; Hindman, Annemarie H; Aram, Dorit; Morrison, Frederick J

    2013-10-01

    Parental writing support was examined over time and in relation to children's language and literacy skills. Seventy-seven parents and their preschoolers were videotaped writing an invitation together twice during one year. Parental writing support was coded at the level of the letter to document parents' graphophonemic support (letter-sound correspondence), print support (letter formation), and demand for precision (expectation for correcting writing errors). Parents primarily relied on only a couple print (i.e., parent writing the letter alone) and graphophonemic (i.e., saying the word as a whole, dictating letters as children write) strategies. Graphophonemic and print support in preschool predicted children's decoding skills, and graphophonemic support also predicted children's future phonological awareness. Neither type of support predicted children's vocabulary scores. Demand for precision occurred infrequently and was unrelated to children's outcomes. Findings demonstrate the importance of parental writing support for augmenting children's literacy skills.

  7. Construction Of Critical Thinking Skills Test Instrument Related The Concept On Sound Wave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabruroh, F.; Suhandi, A.

    2017-02-01

    This study aimed to construct test instrument of critical thinking skills of high school students related the concept on sound wave. This research using a mixed methods with sequential exploratory design, consists of: 1) a preliminary study; 2) design and review of test instruments. The form of test instruments in essay questions, consist of 18 questions that was divided into 5 indicators and 8 sub-indicators of the critical thinking skills expressed by Ennis, with questions that are qualitative and contextual. Phases of preliminary study include: a) policy studies; b) survey to the school; c) and literature studies. Phases of the design and review of test instruments consist of two steps, namely a draft design of test instruments include: a) analysis of the depth of teaching materials; b) the selection of indicators and sub-indicators of critical thinking skills; c) analysis of indicators and sub-indicators of critical thinking skills; d) implementation of indicators and sub-indicators of critical thinking skills; and e) making the descriptions about the test instrument. In the next phase of the review test instruments, consist of: a) writing about the test instrument; b) validity test by experts; and c) revision of test instruments based on the validator.

  8. Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Emergent Literacy: Different Facets of Inattention Relate Uniquely to Preschoolers’ Reading-Related Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, Darcey M.; Lonigan, Christopher J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Although extant studies indicate that there is a strong association between Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and reading ability in elementary school children, knowledge regarding the relation between inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors and emergent literacy in preschool children is less established. This study examined the unique and overlapping relations between measures that assess inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity and emergent literacy skills in preschool children. Method Participants included 204 preschool children (Mean age = 56 months; 50.9% female; 79.8% European American). Behavioral rating scales were completed by teachers and the Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and the Test of Preschool Early Literacy were completed by the preschoolers. Results Across measures, inattention was a unique correlate of emergent literacy skills whereas hyperactivity/impulsivity was not. Both rating scales and the CPT indices of inattention were uniquely associated with emergent literacy skills. Conclusions These results suggest that these measures are assessing different manifestations of inattention that are both unique correlates of early reading skills. PMID:23186142

  9. Inattention, hyperactivity, and emergent literacy: different facets of inattention relate uniquely to preschoolers' reading-related skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, Darcey M; Lonigan, Christopher J

    2013-01-01

    Although extant studies indicate that there is a strong association between attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading ability in elementary school children, knowledge regarding the relation between inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors and emergent literacy in preschool children is less established. This study examined the unique and overlapping relations between measures that assess inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity and emergent literacy skills in preschool children. Participants included 204 preschool children (M age = 56 months, 50.9% female, 79.8% European American). Behavioral rating scales were completed by teachers, and the Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and the Test of Preschool Early Literacy were completed by the preschoolers. Across measures, inattention was a unique correlate of emergent literacy skills, whereas hyperactivity/impulsivity was not. Both rating scales and the CPT indices of inattention were uniquely associated with emergent literacy skills. These results suggest that these measures are assessing different manifestations of inattention that are both unique correlates of early reading skills.

  10. Discussion on Training and Guidance of Skills of Job Search of Higher Vocational Colleges' Graduates%浅谈高职院校毕业生求职技巧的训练与指导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟映荷

    2012-01-01

    In the process of job search, competition to apply for a job for college graduates is more and more fierce, and the various demands are more and more high. To master certain skills of job search can help graduates obtain employment more smoothly. This paper mainly expounds the important role of training and guidance of skills of job search, and puts forward the specific measures, aiming at higher vocational colleges' graduates' present situation and characteristics of job search.%在求职过程中,高校毕业生求职竞争越来越激烈,各方面的要求越来越高,掌握一定的求职技巧可以帮助毕业生更顺利的就业.本文主要阐述求职技巧训练与指导的重要作用,并针对高职院校毕业生的求职特点和现状,提出了求职技巧训练与指导的具体措施.

  11. Identification of Vowel Speech Sounds by Skilled and Less Skilled Readers and the Relation with Vowel Spelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Post, Yolanda V.; Swank, Paul R.; Hiscock, Merrill; Fowler, Anne E.

    1999-01-01

    This study examined the hypothesis that spelling errors involving vowels are linked to difficulties in vowel perception. Second to fourth graders (n=155) were grouped by reading skill and given vowel discrimination and identification tasks. Vowel identification errors were linearly associated with reading skill and with vowel spelling errors.…

  12. Otitis media in childhood in relation to preschool language and school readiness skills among black children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, J E; Burchinal, M R; Jackson, S C; Hooper, S R; Roush, J; Mundy, M; Neebe, E C; Zeisel, S A

    2000-10-01

    To examine whether otitis media with effusion (OME) and associated hearing loss (HL) during the first 5 years of life were related to children's language skills during the preschool years and to school readiness skills at entry to kindergarten. In a prospective study, the ears of 85 black children primarily from low-income families and recruited from community-based childcare programs were repeatedly examined from 6 months to 5 years of age for the presence of OME and from 6 months to 4 years of age for HL when well and ill with OME. Assessments were made annually of the children's child-rearing environments at home and in childcare, and children's language skills between 3 and 5 years of age and readiness skills in literacy and math were evaluated at entry into kindergarten. Children had either bilateral or unilateral OME approximately 30.4% and HL 19.6% of the observation time. OME and associated HL were significantly positively correlated with some measures of expressive language at 3 and 4 years of age; however, these direct relationships were no longer significant when the child's gender, socioeconomic status, maternal educational level, and the responsiveness and support of the home and childcare environments were also considered. Further, both OME and HL were moderately correlated with school readiness skills at entry to school, with children having more OME scoring lower in verbal math problems and with children with more HL scoring lower in math and recognizing incomplete words. These associations continued to remain significant even after partialing out the child and family background factors. There was not a significant relationship between children's early OME history or HL and language skills during the preschool years. However, children with more frequent OME had lower scores on school readiness measures. These associations were moderate in degree, however, and the home environment was more strongly related to academic outcomes than was OME or HL

  13. Stick, Carrot and Skill Acquisition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filges, Trine; Larsen, Birthe

    This paper examines the macroeconomic effects of youth unemployment programmes in the form of vocational training (YUPs), developing a two sector general equilibrium model featuring matching frictions and worker-firm wage bargaining for skilled workers....

  14. Language Proficiency of Migrants: The Relation with Job Satisfaction and Skill Matching

    OpenAIRE

    Hans G. Bloemen

    2014-01-01

    We empirically analyze the language proficiency of migrants in the Netherlands. Traditionally, the emphasis in studying language proficiency and economic outcomes has been on the relation between earnings and indicators for language proficiency, motivated by the human capital theory. Here we analyze whether there is a relation between proficiency of the destination language and job level. A lack of language skills may induce the migrant to work in jobs of a lower level leading to lower job sa...

  15. 20 CFR 220.130 - Work experience as a vocational factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Vocational Considerations § 220.130 Work experience as a vocational factor. (a) General—Work experience means skills and abilities the claimant has acquired through work he... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Work experience as a vocational factor. 220...

  16. 34 CFR 411.1 - What is the Vocational Education Research Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the world economy by developing more fully the academic and occupational skills of all segments of the... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Vocational Education Research Program? 411...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION RESEARCH...

  17. ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF MARKETING MAJOR UNDER THE ANALYSIS OF VOCATIONAL SKILL CONTESTS%职业技能大赛背景下的市场营销专业建设初探--以安徽汽车营销赛项为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅军; 马静

    2014-01-01

    The vocational skill contest is regarded as the measure to deepen vocational education reforms. The vocational skill con-test helps to further the curriculum system reforms, the construction of the faculty and the deep cooperation between colleges and enterprises so as to realize mutual benefit. It can improve conditions of practical training, and meanwhile it can raise the vocational quality and practical abilities for both students and teachers, prompting the construction and development of marketing major.%职业技能大赛是我国职业教育深化改革的措施之一,通过技能大赛,推动了课程体系的改革,有利于师资队伍建设,促进校企深度合作实现校企双赢,改善了实习实训条件,提升师生的职业素养和实践能力,推动了市场营销专业的建设与发展。

  18. Identity Change during Vocational Teacher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette

    New vocational teachers cross a boundary when they move from one occupation to a job as teacher. A vocational teacher already has an education when he becomes a teacher. He also has several years of work experience. In Denmark, the educational background is related to the type of vocational schoo...... educations, reduce dropout rates and increase the supply of labor. The theoretical framework is identity theories....

  19. Examining Relative Age Effects in Fundamental Skill Proficiency in British Children Aged 6-11 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birch, Samantha; Cummings, Laura; Oxford, Samuel W; Duncan, Michael J

    2016-10-01

    Birch, S, Cummings, L, Oxford, SW, and Duncan, MJ. Examining relative age effects in fundamental skill proficiency in British children aged 6-11 years. J Strength Cond Res 30(10): 2809-2815, 2016-The relative age effect (RAE) suggests that there is a clustering of birth dates just after the cutoff used for sports selection in age-grouped sports and that in such circumstances, relatively older sportspeople may enjoy maturational and physical advantages over their younger peers. Few studies have examined this issue in nonselective groups of children, and none have examined whether there is evidence of any RAE in skill performance. The aim of this study was to assess whether there were differences in fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency within children placed in age groups according to the school year. Six FMS (sprint, side gallop, balance, jump, catch, and throw) were assessed in 539 school children (258 boys and 281 girls) aged 6-11 years (mean age ± SD = 7.7 ± 1.7 years). We examined differences in these FMS between gender groups and children born in different quarters of the year after controlling for age and body mass index (BMI). For balance, chronological age was significant as a covariate (p = 0.0001) with increases in age associated with increases in balance. Boys had significantly higher sprint mastery compared with girls (p = 0.012), and increased BMI was associated with poorer sprint mastery (p = 0.001). Boys had higher catching mastery than girls (p = 0.003), and children born in Q1 had significantly greater catching mastery than those born in Q2 (p = 0.015), Q3 (p = 0.019), and Q4 (p = 0.01). Results for throwing mastery also indicated higher mastery in boys compared with girls (p = 0.013) and that children born in Q1 had higher throwing proficiency than those born in Q4 (p = 0.038). These results are important if coaches are basing sport selection on measures of skilled performance, particularly in object-control skills. Categorizing children

  20. Genetic and environmental overlap between Chinese and English reading-related skills in Chinese children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Simpson W L; Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Waye, Mary M Y; Bishop, Dorothy V M

    2014-11-01

    This twin study examined the relative contributions of genes and environment on 2nd language reading acquisition of Chinese-speaking children learning English. We examined whether specific skills-visual word recognition, receptive vocabulary, phonological awareness, phonological memory, and speech discrimination-in the 1st and 2nd languages have distinct or overlapping genetic and environmental origins. A sample of 279 Chinese twin pairs with a mean age of 6 years was tested. Univariate twin analyses were used to identify sources of individual variations in reading abilities and related cognitive-linguistic skills in Chinese and English, respectively. They were used to show both similar and distinctive patterns in these skills across Chinese and English. Bivariate Cholesky decomposition analyses indicated genetic overlaps between all parallel Chinese and English variables, as well as shared environmental overlaps in receptive vocabulary and phonological awareness. The phenotypic correlations between 1st and 2nd language skills previously observed in cross-linguistic studies could be explained by the shared genetic and environmental influences found in this twin study. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  1. Drawing Skill is Related to the Efficiency of Encoding Object Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Perdreau

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Accurate drawing calls on many skills beyond simple motor coordination. A good internal representation of the target object's structure is necessary to capture its proportion and shape in the drawing. Here, we assess two aspects of the perception of object structure and relate them to participants' drawing accuracy. First, we assessed drawing accuracy by computing the geometrical dissimilarity of their drawing to the target object. We then used two tasks to evaluate the efficiency of encoding object structure. First, to examine the rate of temporal encoding, we varied presentation duration of a possible versus impossible test object in the fovea using two different test sizes (8° and 28°. More skilled participants were faster at encoding an object's structure, but this difference was not affected by image size. A control experiment showed that participants skilled in drawing did not have a general advantage that might have explained their faster processing for object structure. Second, to measure the critical image size for accurate classification in the periphery, we varied image size with possible versus impossible object tests centered at two different eccentricities (3° and 8°. More skilled participants were able to categorise object structure at smaller sizes, and this advantage did not change with eccentricity. A control experiment showed that the result could not be attributed to differences in visual acuity, leaving attentional resolution as a possible explanation. Overall, we conclude that drawing accuracy is related to faster encoding of object structure and better access to crowded details.

  2. Exploring relations of wellness and athletic coping skills of collegiate athletes: implications for sport performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Guenthner, Shannon; Hammermeister, Jon

    2007-12-01

    In exploring the relationship between wellness and athletic performance, this study assessed the link between wellness, as defined by a high score on five wellness dimensions of emotional, social, spiritual, intellectual, and physical well-being, with psychological variables thought to be related to athletic performance as measured by athletes' self-report of specific athletic coping skills. 142 collegiate athletes completed a survey composed of the Optimal Living Profile to measure wellness dimensions and the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory to measure specific psychological variables. Analysis indicated that athletes scoring higher on the dimensions of wellness also scored significantly higher on athletic coping skills. Specifically, male athletes who scored higher on wellness also reported higher scores on coachability, concentration, goal setting/mental preparation, and peaking under pressure, and female athletes who scored higher on wellness also reported higher scores in coping with adversity, coachability, concentration, goal setting/mental preparation, and freedom from worry. Various dimensions of wellness seem related to better performance by involving the athletic coping skills of intercollegiate athletes. Implications for coaches and sport psychologists are also discussed.

  3. Drawing skill is related to the efficiency of encoding object structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perdreau, Florian; Cavanagh, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Accurate drawing calls on many skills beyond simple motor coordination. A good internal representation of the target object's structure is necessary to capture its proportion and shape in the drawing. Here, we assess two aspects of the perception of object structure and relate them to participants' drawing accuracy. First, we assessed drawing accuracy by computing the geometrical dissimilarity of their drawing to the target object. We then used two tasks to evaluate the efficiency of encoding object structure. First, to examine the rate of temporal encoding, we varied presentation duration of a possible versus impossible test object in the fovea using two different test sizes (8° and 28°). More skilled participants were faster at encoding an object's structure, but this difference was not affected by image size. A control experiment showed that participants skilled in drawing did not have a general advantage that might have explained their faster processing for object structure. Second, to measure the critical image size for accurate classification in the periphery, we varied image size with possible versus impossible object tests centered at two different eccentricities (3° and 8°). More skilled participants were able to categorise object structure at smaller sizes, and this advantage did not change with eccentricity. A control experiment showed that the result could not be attributed to differences in visual acuity, leaving attentional resolution as a possible explanation. Overall, we conclude that drawing accuracy is related to faster encoding of object structure and better access to crowded details.

  4. Assessing spelling in kindergarten: further comparison of scoring metrics and their relation to reading skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemens, Nathan H; Oslund, Eric L; Simmons, Leslie E; Simmons, Deborah

    2014-02-01

    Early reading and spelling development share foundational skills, yet spelling assessment is underutilized in evaluating early reading. This study extended research comparing the degree to which methods for scoring spelling skills at the end of kindergarten were associated with reading skills measured at the same time as well as at the end of first grade. Five strategies for scoring spelling responses were compared: totaling the number of words spelled correctly, totaling the number of correct letter sounds, totaling the number of correct letter sequences, using a rubric for scoring invented spellings, and calculating the Spelling Sensitivity Score (Masterson & Apel, 2010b). Students (N=287) who were identified at kindergarten entry as at risk for reading difficulty and who had received supplemental reading intervention were administered a standardized spelling assessment in the spring of kindergarten, and measures of phonological awareness, decoding, word recognition, and reading fluency were administered concurrently and at the end of first grade. The five spelling scoring metrics were similar in their strong relations with factors summarizing reading subskills (phonological awareness, decoding, and word reading) on a concurrent basis. Furthermore, when predicting first-grade reading skills based on spring-of-kindergarten performance, spelling scores from all five metrics explained unique variance over the autoregressive effects of kindergarten word identification. The practical advantages of using a brief spelling assessment for early reading evaluation and the relative tradeoffs of each scoring metric are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Stick, Carrot and Skill Acquisition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filges, Trine; Larsen, Birthe

    This paper examines the macroeconomic effects of youth unemployment programmes in the form of vocational training (YUPs), developing a two sector general equilibrium model featuring matching frictions and worker-firm wage bargaining for skilled workers.......This paper examines the macroeconomic effects of youth unemployment programmes in the form of vocational training (YUPs), developing a two sector general equilibrium model featuring matching frictions and worker-firm wage bargaining for skilled workers....

  6. Genetic and Environmental Etiologies of the Longitudinal Relations between Pre-reading Skills and Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Micaela E.; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Keenan, Janice M.; Pennington, Bruce; DeFries, John C.; Wadsworth, Sally J.; Willcutt, Erik; Olson, Richard K.

    2014-01-01

    The present study explored the environmental and genetic etiologies of the longitudinal relations between pre-reading skills and reading and spelling. Twin pairs (n = 489) were assessed before kindergarten (M = 4.9 years), post-1st grade (M = 7.4 years), and post-4th grade (M = 10.4 years). Genetic influences on five pre-reading skills (print knowledge, rapid naming, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and verbal memory) were primarily responsible for relations with word reading and spelling. However, relations with post-4th-grade reading comprehension were due both to genetic and shared environmental influences. Genetic and shared environmental influences that were common among the pre-reading variables covaried with reading and spelling, as did genetic influences unique to verbal memory (only post-4th-grade comprehension), print knowledge, and rapid naming. PMID:25263167

  7. Genetic and environmental etiologies of the longitudinal relations between prereading skills and reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christopher, Micaela E; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Byrne, Brian; Samuelsson, Stefan; Keenan, Janice M; Pennington, Bruce; DeFries, John C; Wadsworth, Sally J; Willcutt, Erik; Olson, Richard K

    2015-01-01

    The present study explored the environmental and genetic etiologies of the longitudinal relations between prereading skills and reading and spelling. Twin pairs (n = 489) were assessed before kindergarten (M = 4.9 years), post-first grade (M = 7.4 years), and post-fourth grade (M = 10.4 years). Genetic influences on five prereading skills (print knowledge, rapid naming, phonological awareness, vocabulary, and verbal memory) were primarily responsible for relations with word reading and spelling. However, relations with post-fourth-grade reading comprehension were due to both genetic and shared environmental influences. Genetic and shared environmental influences that were common among the prereading variables covaried with reading and spelling, as did genetic influences unique to verbal memory (only post-fourth-grade comprehension), print knowledge, and rapid naming. © 2014 The Authors. Child Development © 2014 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  8. Vocational Training Course to TC Secretary-generals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Up to September 2003, three vocational training courses to the secretary-generals of standardization technical committees had already been conducted by Standardization Administration of China (SAC) to meet the reforming and developing requirements in standardization work, and enhance the vocational levels as well as the managing skills of the TC secretary-generals.

  9. Vocational Training Today: The Changing Relationship between Training and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducray, Gabriel

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on the changing relationship between training and employment, this article discusses (1) limitations of traditional vocational training policies, (2) the relationship between training and employment today, (3) changes in skills and the effects of structural factors on the employment situation, and (4) a modern vocational training policy.…

  10. Nursing/LVN Course. Bilingual Vocational Instructional Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Cox, Guadalupe

    This course in licensed vocational nursing, one of a series of bilingual English-Spanish vocational education courses, is designed to teach basic nursing principles needed by nurses' aides to do nursing procedures and skills in the different health care institutions. It covers many areas, including the following: the health care system, personal…

  11. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  12. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  13. Vocational Training in the Textiles and Clothing Industries in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimousis, I.; Zisimopoulos, A.

    This document examines the circumstances under which vocational training in Greece is provided for jobs in the textile and clothing industries. Its objective is to identify guidelines for vocational training for a skilled work force at regional and national levels and to contribute to job mobility between industries. Statistical data,…

  14. Gambling-Related Cognition Scale (GRCS): Are Skills-Based Games at a Disadvantage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lévesque, David; Sévigny, Serge; Giroux, Isabelle; Jacques, Christian

    2017-07-17

    The Gambling-Related Cognition Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004) was developed to evaluate gambling-related cognitive distortions for all types of gamblers, regardless of their gambling activities (poker, slot machine, etc.). It is therefore imperative to ascertain the validity of its interpretation across different types of gamblers; however, some skills-related items endorsed by players could be interpreted as a cognitive distortion despite the fact that they play skills-related games. Using an intergroup (168 poker players and 73 video lottery terminal [VLT] players) differential item functioning (DIF) analysis, this study examined the possible manifestation of item biases associated with the GRCS. DIF was analyzed with ordinal logistic regressions (OLRs) and Ramsay's (1991) nonparametric kernel smoothing approach with TestGraf. Results show that half of the items display at least moderate DIF between groups and, depending on the type of analysis used, 3 to 7 items displayed large DIF. The 5 items with the most DIF were more significantly endorsed by poker players (uniform DIF) and were all related to skills, knowledge, learning, or probabilities. Poker players' interpretations of some skills-related items may lead to an overestimation of their cognitive distortions due to their total score increased by measurement artifact. Findings indicate that the current structure of the GRCS contains potential biases to be considered when poker players are surveyed. The present study conveys new and important information on bias issues to ponder carefully before using and interpreting the GRCS and other similar wide-range instruments with poker players. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  15. Factor structure of essential social skills to be salespersons in retail market: implications for psychiatric rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Leo C C; Tsang, Hector W H

    2005-12-01

    This study continued the effort to apply social skills training to increase vocational outcomes of people with severe mental illness. We planned to identify factor structure of essential social skills necessary for mental health consumers who have a vocational preference to work as salesperson in retail market. Exploratory factor analysis of the results of a 26-item questionnaire survey suggested a five-factor solution: social skills when interacting with customers, problem-solving skills, knowledge and attitudes, flexibility, and skills for conflict prevention, which accounted for 65.1% of the total variance. With the factor solution, we developed a job-specific social skills training program (JSST) to help consumers who want to be salespersons. The structure and session design followed the basic format of a typical social skills training program. The way this JSST is to be used with the work-related social skills training model previously developed by the corresponding author to produce better vocational outcomes of consumers is suggested.

  16. First Steps into Language? Examining the Specific Longitudinal Relations between Walking, Exploration and Linguistic Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudgenoeg-Paz, Ora; Volman, M Chiel J M; Leseman, Paul P M

    2016-01-01

    Recent empirical evidence demonstrates relationships between motor and language development that are partially mediated by exploration. This is in line with the embodied cognition approach to development that views language as grounded in real-life sensorimotor interactions with the environment. This view implies that the relations between motor and linguistic skills should be specific. Moreover, as motor development initially changes the possibilities children have to explore the environment, initial relations between motor and linguistic skills should become weaker over time. Empirical evidence pertaining to the duration and specificity of these relations is still lacking. The current study investigated longitudinal relations between attainment of walking and the development of several linguistic skills, and tested whether exploration through self-locomotion mediated these relations. Linguistic skills were measured at age 43 months, which is later than the age used in previous studies. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) the relations between walking and language found at younger ages will decrease over time (2) exploration through self-locomotion will remain an important predictor of spatial language (3) no relation will be found between walking, exploration and the use of grammatical and lexical categories and between exploration and general vocabulary. Thirty-one Dutch children took part in a longitudinal study. Parents reported about age of attainment of walking. Exploration through self-locomotion was measured using observations of play with a standard set of toys at age 20 months. Receptive vocabulary, spatial language and use of grammatical and lexical categories were measured at age 43 months using (standard) tests. Results reveal that age of walking does not directly predict spatial language at age 43 months. Exploration through self-locomotion does significantly and completely mediate the indirect effect of age of walking on spatial language. Moreover

  17. First steps into language? Examining the specific longitudinal relations between walking, exploration and linguistic skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ora Oudgenoeg-Paz

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent empirical evidence demonstrates relationships between motor and language development that are partially mediated by exploration. This is in line with the embodied cognition approach to development that views language as grounded in real-life sensorimotor interactions with the environment. This view implies that the relations between motor and linguistic skills should be specific. Moreover, as motor development initially changes the possibilities children have to explore the environment, initial relations between motor and linguistic skills should become weaker over time. Empirical evidence pertaining to the duration and specificity of these relations is still lacking. The current study investigated longitudinal relations between attainment of walking and the development of several linguistic skills, and tested whether exploration through self-locomotion mediated these relations. Linguistic skills were measured at age 43 months, which is later than the age used in previous studies. Three hypotheses were tested: (1 the relations between walking and language found at younger ages will decrease over time (2 exploration through self-locomotion will remain an important predictor of spatial language (3 no relation will be found between walking, exploration and the use of grammatical and lexical categories and between exploration and general vocabulary. Thirty-one Dutch children took part in a longitudinal study. Parents reported about age of attainment of walking. Exploration through self-locomotion was measured using observations of play with a standard set of toys at age 20 months. Receptive vocabulary, spatial language and use of grammatical and lexical categories were measured at age 43 months using (standard tests. Results reveal that age of walking does not directly predict spatial language at age 43 months. Exploration through self-locomotion does significantly and completely mediate the indirect effect of age of walking on spatial

  18. First Steps into Language? Examining the Specific Longitudinal Relations between Walking, Exploration and Linguistic Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudgenoeg-Paz, Ora; Volman, M(Chiel). J. M.; Leseman, Paul P. M.

    2016-01-01

    Recent empirical evidence demonstrates relationships between motor and language development that are partially mediated by exploration. This is in line with the embodied cognition approach to development that views language as grounded in real-life sensorimotor interactions with the environment. This view implies that the relations between motor and linguistic skills should be specific. Moreover, as motor development initially changes the possibilities children have to explore the environment, initial relations between motor and linguistic skills should become weaker over time. Empirical evidence pertaining to the duration and specificity of these relations is still lacking. The current study investigated longitudinal relations between attainment of walking and the development of several linguistic skills, and tested whether exploration through self-locomotion mediated these relations. Linguistic skills were measured at age 43 months, which is later than the age used in previous studies. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) the relations between walking and language found at younger ages will decrease over time (2) exploration through self-locomotion will remain an important predictor of spatial language (3) no relation will be found between walking, exploration and the use of grammatical and lexical categories and between exploration and general vocabulary. Thirty-one Dutch children took part in a longitudinal study. Parents reported about age of attainment of walking. Exploration through self-locomotion was measured using observations of play with a standard set of toys at age 20 months. Receptive vocabulary, spatial language and use of grammatical and lexical categories were measured at age 43 months using (standard) tests. Results reveal that age of walking does not directly predict spatial language at age 43 months. Exploration through self-locomotion does significantly and completely mediate the indirect effect of age of walking on spatial language. Moreover

  19. Skills or Competency:Talking from the “Professional Teaching Standards of Secondary Vocational School”%技能还是能力:从《中等职业学校专业教学标准》谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔为

    2015-01-01

    针对《中等职业学校专业教学标准》存在技能与能力使用混乱问题,通过对技能与能力的概念辨析表明,技能是能力构成中的主要成分及形成过程中的中间环节,使用混乱的原因在于技能概念泛化。基于对职业能力的深入研究,分别从理论演绎和工作任务的视角刻画出职业能力观的演变态势:从技能到能力。多角度分析对职业能力概念认知差异的意涵显示,选择技能还是能力所蕴含的价值取向是选择实用主义还是科学规范、当前就业还是职业生涯、短期培训还是学校教育。我国职业学校参差不齐的发展现状决定了技能和能力并重应是当前职业教育教学中对于职业能力认知的理性选择。建议《中等职业学校专业教学标准》的“人才规格”以职业能力理论体系来建构。%Aiming at the confusion of skills and competency in the “Professional Teaching Standards of Secondary Vocational School”, the concept discrimination of them turns out that skills are the main constituent of competency and the intermediate links of competency forming process. The confusion is due to the generalization of skill concept. Based on further research for vocational competency, the evolution trend of the same vocational competency view is depicted from the perspective of theoretical deduction and work assignments: from skills to competency. Multi-angle analysis to the meaning of concept cognitive differences of vocational competency shows that the value orientation implied from choosing skills or competency is to choose pragmatism or scientific norms, current employment or lifelong career, and short-term training or school education. Uneven developing status in vocational schools in China determines that skills and competency should be regarded both as equally important, which is the rational choice for vocational competency cognition to the present vocational education. It is

  20. Reading skill and neural processing accuracy improvement after a 3-hour intervention in preschoolers with difficulties in reading-related skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovio, Riikka; Halttunen, Anu; Lyytinen, Heikki; Näätänen, Risto; Kujala, Teija

    2012-04-11

    This study aimed at determining whether an intervention game developed for strengthening phonological awareness has a remediating effect on reading skills and central auditory processing in 6-year-old preschool children with difficulties in reading-related skills. After a 3-hour training only, these children made a greater progress in reading-related skills than did their matched controls who did mathematical exercises following comparable training format. Furthermore, the results suggest that this brief intervention might be beneficial in modulating the neural basis of phonetic discrimination as an enhanced speech-elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) was seen in the intervention group, indicating improved cortical discrimination accuracy. Moreover, the amplitude increase of the vowel-elicited MMN significantly correlated with the improvement in some of the reading-skill related test scores. The results, albeit obtained with a relatively small sample, are encouraging, suggesting that reading-related skills can be improved even by a very short intervention and that the training effects are reflected in brain activity. However, studies with larger samples and different subgroups of children are needed to confirm the present results and to determine how children with different dyslexia subtypes benefit from the intervention. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. 民办高职学生人际交往能力实证研究%An Empirical Study on the Interpersonal Skills of Students in Private Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬磊

    2014-01-01

    通过对某民办高职院校学生人际交往能力进行问卷调查,结果显示:第一,民办高职学生人际交往能力处于一般水平。第二,在整体人际交往能力和语言表达、社会交往、异性交往能力上女生显著优于男生。第三,在语言表达和待人接物能力上,大一学生显著优于大二学生。第四,在总体人际交往能力和待人接物、异性交往能力上理科学生显著优于文科学生。第五,在总体人际交往能力和待人接物、异性交往能力上非独生子女显著优于独生子女。第六,在整体人际交往能力和语言表达、社会交往、异性交往能力上父母未离异学生显著优于父母离异学生。%Through the questionnaire of interpersonal communication ability of students in private colleges, the results showed:①The interpersonal skills are in the general level of private vocational students. ②The girls’ability on the overall interpersonal skills, language expression, social communication and the communication of the opposite sex significantly better than boys on. ③Freshman in language expression and the way one gets along with people ability was significantly better than the sophomore. ④Science students ability in overall interpersonal skills and the way one gets along with people, and the communication of the opposite sex is significantly better than the students of liberal arts.⑤Non only child was significantly higher than that in general interpersonal skills, and the way one gets along with people ability , and communication of the only child. ⑥Parents divorced students not in the overall interpersonal skills, and language expression, social intercourse, and the communication of the opposite sex abilities significantly better than students whose parents divorced.

  2. 高职院校“双师素质”教师职业技能的系统性分析%Higher Vocational College "double quality" of the teacher occupation skill system analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨公科; 罗惠娜; 伍宏捷

    2012-01-01

    “双师素质”教师是高职院校培养高素质技能型人才的关键。“双师素质”教师的概念经历了“双证书”、“双师素质”和“双师结构”的发展过程,显示出“双师素质”的内涵特征实质是具备理论教学和实践操作的双重素质,特别注重实践性特点。“双师素质”教师的职业技能包括了专业理论知识、专业实践技能、教育教学能力和科研能力四方面,涵盖了教育性、学术性、工艺性或职业性三个专业领域。对于“双师素质”教师职业技能的培养,要根据“双师素质”教师的特点注重理论的广度,加强技能的实践性和操作性培养。%"The double teacher quality" in higher vocational colleges is to cutttvate mgn-quamy skilled talents is the key. "Double teacher quality" concept has experienced"double certificate ", " double quality" and "dual structure" development process, show, "double quality" connotation fea- ture is essentially have the theoretical teaching and practical operation of the dual quality, with parti- cular emphasis on practical characteristics. "Double teacher quality" of the occupation skills include the theory of professional knowledge, professional skills, teaching ability and scientific research abili- ty four respects, covering education, academic, technological or occupation of three areas of speciali- zation. For the "double quality" o{ the teacher occupation skill training, according to the "double teacher quality" characteristic theoretical breadth, strengthen skill practice and operation training.

  3. 将劳动法纳入高职院校职业必修课程体系之必要性探析%Necessity of the Labor Law into Vocational College Vocational Compulsory Curriculum System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方莎

    2012-01-01

    在倡导构建和谐劳动关系的今天,具备法律素质是高职人才培养目标的内在要求,也是应用型人才必备技能之一.文章从高职院校开设劳动法课程之社会背景及高职院校人才培养目标应有内涵、劳动法在职前教育与职后发展中之意义、高职教育要为劳资双赢服务等方面,阐述了将劳动法纳入高职院校职业必修课程体系之必要性。%Today, we promote harmonious labor relations, with the legal quality of the inherent requirements of the talents tra- ining target, also one of the essential skills of the applied talents. Of significance in the development of personnel training ob- jectives of seeial background and vocational colleges should connotation article from vocational colleges opened courses in lab- or law, labor law pre-service education and vocational and vocational education to be a win-win labor-management services and other aspects elaborated labor law into the necessity of the required courses of vocational colleges vocational system.

  4. 职业核心能力与职业技能并重的高职课堂教学模式创新策略──以外贸类课程教学为例%Classroom Teaching Model Innovation Strategies of Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Paying Equal Attention to Vocational Core Competencies and Professional Skills--Taking Foreign Trade Courses Teaching as the Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮建女; 佘雪锋

    2015-01-01

    Integration of vocational core competence and skills keeps up with the times, embodys the talents cultivation Concept in modern vocational education. So, It is necessary to innovate classroom teaching modes in higher Vocational Colleges from the point of view of integration of core competence and skills: designs the more open-minded activities, promotes the innovation of classroom teaching structure; improves classroom teaching skills, optimizes the classroom teaching process; keep up with technological progress, innovate teaching method. In order to guarantee the implementation of the above innovations, it is needed to build a perfect classroom teaching team, construct learning management platform on which the information can be exchanged and shared, and optimize the classroom teaching evaluation.%注重职业核心能力培养,突出职业技能提升,是现代职业教育人才培养的基本理念。鉴于此,有必要设计更为开放的学习活动,推进课堂教学结构创新;提升课堂教学技艺,优化课堂教学过程;紧跟技术进步,创新教学方法。为保障教学模式创新的实施,需要打造精良的课堂教学团队,构建信息化交互和共享学习管理平台,优化课堂教学评价。

  5. ICT-related skills and needs of blind and visually impaired people

    OpenAIRE

    Puffelen, van, Carolina

    2009-01-01

    This study focuses on the relationship between the ICT-related training offered to blind and visually impaired people and their actual, self-reported and demonstrated, competencies for online activities and information processing. The findings of the study can shed light on how people with severe visual disabilities are prepared to access the web for educational, institutional and social participation. The study also gives insight in the validity of instruments to measure ICT-linked skills fo...

  6. Infant brain responses associated with reading-related skills before school and at school age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppänen, P H T; Hämäläinen, J A; Guttorm, T K; Eklund, K M; Salminen, H; Tanskanen, A; Torppa, M; Puolakanaho, A; Richardson, U; Pennala, R; Lyytinen, H

    2012-01-01

    In Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Dyslexia, we have investigated neurocognitive processes related to phonology and other risk factors of later reading problems. Here we review studies in which we have investigated whether dyslexic children with familial risk background would show atypical auditory/speech processing at birth, at six months and later before school and at school age as measured by brain event-related potentials (ERPs), and how infant ERPs are related to later pre-reading cognitive skills and literacy outcome. One half of the children came from families with at least one dyslexic parent (the at-risk group), while the other half belonged to the control group without any familial background of dyslexia. Early ERPs were correlated to kindergarten age phonological processing and letter-naming skills as well as phoneme duration perception, reading and writing skills at school age. The correlations were, in general, more consistent among at-risk children. Those at-risk children who became poor readers also differed from typical readers in the infant ERP measures at the group level. ERPs measured before school and at the 3rd grade also differed between dyslexic and typical readers. Further, speech perception at behavioural level differed between dyslexic and typical readers, but not in all dyslexic readers. These findings suggest persisting developmental differences in the organization of the neural networks sub-serving auditory and speech perception, with cascading effects on later reading related skills, in children with familial background for dyslexia. However, atypical auditory/speech processing is not likely a sufficient reason by itself for dyslexia but rather one endophenotype or risk factor. Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  7. How are adolescents' friendships related with self-acceptance and social skill?

    OpenAIRE

    廣實, 優子

    2004-01-01

    Many researchers have recently argued that adolescents in Japan tend to avoid deep relationships with their friends. The present study classified the adolescent's friendships into three types (surface, close, and defensive friendship) and examined the relation of the types with self-acceptance and social skills. Undergraduates completed a questionnaire, and the data for those who indicated that they had close friends were analyzed (210 males, 177 females). It was revealed that males of surfac...

  8. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  9. 基于岗位技能需求的高职《软件测试》课程建设%The Curriculum Construction of Software Testing in High Vocational Colleges Based on the Job Skill Requirements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡双

    2016-01-01

    随着互联网信息时代的到来,软件测试这个不常见的专业逐渐浮现在人们的眼前,软件测试是一种电子信息技术,是使用人工操作或者软件自动运行的方式来检验它是否满足规定的需求或弄清预期结果与实际结果之间差别的过程。它是帮助识别开发完成的计算机的正确性、完成度和质量的软件过程。然而,由于现代人们对与软件测试专业的认识还不够完善,导致国家以及各大高等学校在《软件测试》课程的设置上不够重视,社会虽然急需软件测试专业方面的人才,却没有培养软件测试专业人才的地方。因此,加强人们对于《软件测试》课程的了解刻不容缓。文章具体探讨了基于岗位技能需求的高职《软件测试》课程建设的相关问题。%With the advent of the era of Internet information, software testing this unusual profession gradually emerge in the eyes of people, software testing is a kind of electronic information technology, is to use manual operation or software automatically run to verify whether it meet the requirements of rules or make clear expected results with the actual result of the difference between process. It is to help identify the correctness of the development of computer, ifnish and quality of software process. However, due to the modern people to software testing professional knowledge is not enough perfect, the cause of the country and the major institutions of higher learning in the curriculum of software testing set up seriously enough, although social need software testing professional talents, but has no place in the training of specialists in the ifeld of software testing. Therefore, to strengthen people for the understanding of the course of the software testing is urgently needed. The article discussed the speciifc job skills based on the needs of higher vocational education of the curriculum of the construction of the software test

  10. Study of the Highly-skilled Talent Training Mode for Business English Major Rural Students:A Case Study of Higher Vocational Colleges in Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min; ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    This paper makes an in-depth study of the reasons for employment problems of Business English major rural students in Anhui Province,and sets forth the appropriate highly-skilled Business English talent training mode and the corresponding recommendations.

  11. Recall of briefly presented chess positions and its relation to chess skill.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanfei Gong

    Full Text Available Individual differences in memory performance in a domain of expertise have traditionally been accounted for by previously acquired chunks of knowledge and patterns. These accounts have been examined experimentally mainly in chess. The role of chunks (clusters of chess pieces recalled in rapid succession during recall of chess positions and their relations to chess skill are, however, under debate. By introducing an independent chunk-identification technique, namely repeated-recall technique, this study identified individual chunks for particular chess players. The study not only tested chess players with increasing chess expertise, but also tested non-chess players who should not have previously acquired any chess related chunks in memory. For recall of game positions significant differences between players and non-players were found in virtually all the characteristics of chunks recalled. Size of the largest chunks also correlates with chess skill within the group of rated chess players. Further research will help us understand how these memory encodings can explain large differences in chess skill.

  12. Skilled Talents Cultivation Based on the University-Enterprise Integration in Higher Vocational Colleges%基于校企共同体的高职院校技能型人才培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈积慧

    2012-01-01

    Higher vocational colleges enjoy favorable elements of specialties,curricular and teaching scheme in collaboration with the actual demand of enterprises,but such problems exist as enterprises' inactive participation,deficient colleges autonomy,loose cooperation,superficial integration of internship and learning,students' lack of skills needed in enterprises,etc.The paper,thus,proposes the college-enterprise integration to be reinforced by local government policy support.%我国高职院校校企合作存在专业、课程、教学计划等与企业的实际需要高度统一且目标一致等优势,但也存在企业参与积极性不高、高校主动性不够、校企合作紧密度低、工学结合层次浅、学生在学校无法学到当前企业一线的各项技能等问题,对此笔者提出"校企共同体"的教育教学模式,另外,不可忽视政府在完善校企合作中的重要作用。

  13. 开发企业岗位技能培训包探索高职院校人才培养新方向%Developing Enterprise Job Skills Training Package to Explore New Orientation of Talent Training in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈天祥

    2012-01-01

    近年来,"用工荒"的厄运,一直困扰着大部分企业。无奈之下,企业只有将目光投向自己的老员工,因为新鲜血液不仅仅只是从外面"挖",也可以从里面"塑"。企业只有通过和学校有机合作,挖掘内部潜力,为老员工"量身定做"技能培训包,才能提升企业整体实力,实现可持续发展。%In recent years,labor shortage has been plaguing the most of the enterprises.In desperation,the enterprises have only to turn their attention to their old employees because the talents can be obtained from both the outside and the inside of them.A enterprise can improve itself wholly and achieve a sustainable development only by providing skills training package for old employees,which needs the cooperation with vocational colleges to dig their internal potentialsman.

  14. 论英美文学教学在提高高职学生基本语言技能中的作用%Application of Teaching of English and American Literature in Enhancing Vocational Students' Basic Language Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵敏科

    2011-01-01

    英美文学是包括高职高专院校在内英语专业的一门必修课,它在学生的英语语言技能训练、语言运用能力的提高、跨文化交际能力的培养以及人文素质的提升等多方面有着至关重要的作用。本文主要从高职高专英语专业学生的听、说、读、写四个方面来阐述英美文学教学所起到的积极作用。%English and American literature is an obligatory course in Higher Vocational Colleges;it has a vital role in erase which includes the students' language skills,language proficiency,and the ability of intercultural communicative and enhance the quality of Humanities.This article mainly focuses on the integrated skills: listening,speaking,reading,and writing to express the British and American literature.

  15. Student Autonomy and Awareness: Vocational Education and Student-Centred Learning in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Zhong; Harris, Ann; Ollin, Ros

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on research into Chinese students' perceptions of a pilot key skills' communication course introduced in three vocational education institutions in China. The course was based on key skills' criteria formulated in 2004 by China's Vocational Qualification Appraisal Committee and produced in response to the changing demands of…

  16. Student Autonomy and Awareness: Vocational Education and Student-Centred Learning in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Zhong; Harris, Ann; Ollin, Ros

    2011-01-01

    This article reports on research into Chinese students' perceptions of a pilot key skills' communication course introduced in three vocational education institutions in China. The course was based on key skills' criteria formulated in 2004 by China's Vocational Qualification Appraisal Committee and produced in response to the changing demands of…

  17. The Change of Planned Happenstance Skills and Its Association with Career-Related Variables during School-to-Work Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, NaYeon; Yaung, Huk; Noh, Hyunkyung; Jang, Sun Hee; Lee, Bora

    2017-01-01

    The current study examined how planned happenstance skills (i.e., curiosity, flexibility, persistence, optimism, and risk-taking) changed during school-to-work transition and how career-related variables were associated with the initial levels and change rates of planned happenstance skills. In a sample of 307 South Korean college students, all…

  18. Older age relates to worsening of fine motor skills: A population based study of middle-aged and elderly persons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y.Y. Hoogendam (Jory); F. van der Lijn (Fedde); M.W. Vernooij (Meike); A. Hofman (Albert); W.J. Niessen (Wiro); A. van der Lugt (Aad); M.A. Ikram (Arfan); J.N. van der Geest (Jos)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction: In a population-based study of 1,912 community-dwelling persons of 45 years and older we investigated the relation between age and fine motor skills using the Archimedes spiral drawing test. Also, we studied the effect of brain volume on fine motor skills. Methods: Particip

  19. The Relation between Fathers' and Children's Communication Skills and Children's Behavior Problems: A Study of Head Start Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Jay; Iglesias Aquiles

    2000-01-01

    Examined relation between fathers' and children's communicative skills and child behavior problems early and late in the Head Start school year. Found that the structural models for externalizing and internalizing behavior confirmed the hypothesis that father communication was linked to child communication skills and child communication was linked…

  20. Colleges of Education Librarians in Nigeria: An Investigation into the Self-Perception of ICT-Related Information Literacy Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baro, Ebikabowei Emmanuel; Eze, Monica Eberechukwu

    2015-01-01

    The authors of this paper investigated the level of information communication technology-related (ICT) information literacy (IL) skills of librarians in Nigerian Colleges of Education (COE) in order to discover the challenges they face in acquiring these skills. A descriptive survey method was adopted using a questionnaire. Study participants…

  1. Promoting the Professional Quality Construction of High-er Vocational Students in the Skill Culture Cultivation:Taking Zhejiang Industry Polytechnic College (Skill Cul-ture Festival) for an Example%在技能文化培育中推进高职学生职业素养建设--以浙江工业职业技术学院“技能文化节”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Higher vocational education should not only have the connotation and characteristics of higher education campus cul-ture, but also highlight the cultivation of students' professional quality as far as possible. Cultivating the skill culture on the basis of learning and mastering the stills and integrating with the occu-pational humane quality, can actively promote the professional quality construction of higher vocational college students.%  高职教育既要具有高等教育校园文化的内涵和共性,又要尽可能突出对学生职业素养的培育。培育以技能的学习和掌握为基础,并与职业人文素质相融合的技能文化,可以积极推进高职学生职业素养建设。

  2. Relative importance of physiological, anthropometric, and skill qualities to team selection in professional rugby league.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbett, Tim J; Jenkins, David G; Abernethy, Bruce

    2011-10-01

    This study investigated the relative importance of physiological, anthropometric, and skill qualities to team selection in professional rugby league. Eighty-six high performance rugby league players underwent measurements of anthropometric (height, body mass, sum of seven skinfolds), physiological (speed, change of direction speed, lower body muscular power, repeated-sprint ability, prolonged high-intensity intermittent running ability, and maximal aerobic power), technical skill (tackling proficiency, draw and pass proficiency), and perceptual skill (reactive agility, pattern recall, pattern prediction) qualities. A linear discriminant analysis was also conducted comparing those players successful in gaining selection into the professional National Rugby League team with those not selected to determine which, if any, of these qualities could predict selection. Players selected to play in the first National Rugby League game of the season were older, more experienced, leaner, had faster 10 m and 40 m sprint times, and superior vertical jump performances, maximal aerobic power, tackling proficiency and dual-task draw and pass ability than non-selected players. Skinfold thickness and dual-task draw and pass proficiency were the only variables that contributed significantly (P team selection in professional rugby league.

  3. Longitudinal Relations Between Parental Writing Support and Preschoolers’ Language and Literacy Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bindman, Samantha W.; Hindman, Annemarie H.; Aram, Dorit; Morrison, Frederick J.

    2013-01-01

    Parental writing support was examined over time and in relation to children’s language and literacy skills. Seventy-seven parents and their preschoolers were videotaped writing an invitation together twice during one year. Parental writing support was coded at the level of the letter to document parents’ graphophonemic support (letter–sound correspondence), print support (letter formation), and demand for precision (expectation for correcting writing errors). Parents primarily relied on only a couple print (i.e., parent writing the letter alone) and graphophonemic (i.e., saying the word as a whole, dictating letters as children write) strategies. Graphophonemic and print support in preschool predicted children’s decoding skills, and graphophonemic support also predicted children’s future phonological awareness. Neither type of support predicted children’s vocabulary scores. Demand for precision occurred infrequently and was unrelated to children’s outcomes. Findings demonstrate the importance of parental writing support for augmenting children’s literacy skills. PMID:25045186

  4. Does testing with feedback improve adult spelling skills relative to copying and reading?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Steven C; Rubin, Benjamin R; Rickard, Timothy C

    2015-12-01

    We examined testing's ability to enhance adult spelling acquisition, relative to copying and reading. Across 3 experiments in which testing with feedback was compared with copying, the spelling improvement after testing matched that following the same amount of time spent copying. A potent testing advantage, however, was observed for spelling words free-recalled. In the fourth experiment, a large testing advantage for both word free recall and spelling was observed, versus reading. Subjects also generally preferred testing and rated it as more effective than copying or reading. The equivalent performance of testing and copying for spelling contrasts with prior work involving children and suggests that retrieval practice may not be the only effective mechanism for spelling skill acquisition. Rather, we suggest that the critical learning event for spelling is focused study on phoneme-to-grapheme mappings for previously unlearned letter sequences. For adults with extensive spelling expertise, focused study is more automatic during both copying and testing with feedback than for individuals with beginning spelling skills. Reading, however, would not be expected to produce efficient focused study of phoneme-to-grapheme mappings, regardless of expertise level. Overall, adult spelling skill acquisition benefits both from testing and copying, and substantially less from reading. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  5. Relative Age Effect: Relationship between Anthropometric and Fitness Skills in Youth Soccer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristotelis GIOLDASIS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between anthropometric and fitness skills in youth soccer players according to their related age. The existence of relative age effect was also examined. Anthropometric as well fitness variables such as height, weight, BMI, body mass, flexibility, balance, reaction time, jumping ability, and endurance of the lower limb were assessed in 347 amateur young players. Participants’ age ranged from 9 to 16 (M= 12.43, SD= 2.17. Analyses of variance indicated many significant differences among players of different birth quartile (from P< .001 to P< .05 for all the skills that were examined. The chi square test that was conducted to assess the distribution of players, showed that for all four different age groups no statistically significant difference was found regarding the birth quartile of players. In countries that training groups include 2 different age categories, anthropometric and fitness differences because of relative age effect are heightened. However, physical and physiological variables are inaccurate in predicting later success of players. Thus talent identification systems should provide equal opportunities for talented but related younger players. It is suggested an on-going talent identification using a multidimensional evaluation form including technical, physiological, physical, tactical, and psychological parameters.

  6. Pragmatic Language Skills of Children with Developmental Disabilities: A Descriptive and Relational Study in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diken, Özlem

    2014-01-01

    Problem Statement: Because communication skills, particularly pragmatic skills, are fundamental for living an independent life in society, these skills are vital to the quality of life of individuals with developmental disabilities (DD) and their families. Studies of the pragmatic skills of individuals with DD can provide important insights into…

  7. Working Memory and Language: Skill-Specific or Domain-General Relations to Mathematics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purpura, David J.; Ganley, Colleen M.

    2014-01-01

    Children's early mathematics skills develop in a cumulative fashion; foundational skills form a basis for the acquisition of later skills. However, non-mathematical factors such as working memory and language skills have also been linked to mathematical development at a broad level. Unfortunately, little research has been conducted to evaluate the…

  8. Global Reconstructions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avis, James

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, the author examines the wider context within which vocational education and training (VET) is set and the surrounding debates. He considers the prominence of neoliberalism and notions of competitiveness, crisis, skill and knowledge. Despite differences between systems of VET with respect to their reach…

  9. Special Education and Vocational Education Compatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, Myrtle E.; Kallman, James R.

    1977-01-01

    The differences in the developmental philosophies of vocational education personnel and special education personnel, and the effects of these differences on students, are discussed. The need to examine specific job skills, to work with groups and modify group-developed materials, and to look at individual students prescriptively are discussed.…

  10. Nepal: Vocational Educator's Role in Elementary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitt, Thomas R.

    1974-01-01

    The innovative vocational education program of the elementary grades in the developing country of Nepal focuses on "self-help" within the "practical arts" (agriculture, trade and industrial, and home science fields) and emphasizes application of subject matter to students' daily lives, integration of skills into the curriculum, and occupational…

  11. RELATIONS BETWEEN MOTORIC ABILITIES AND SPECIFIC MOTORIC BASKETBALL SKILLS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES

    OpenAIRE

    Dejan Milenković; Igor Stanojević

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the relation between motoric and specific motoric basketball skills in physical education classes for elementary school students. The sample was taken from a population of boys and girls in four elementary schools in Niš. Boys (66) and girls (58), have been students of elementary school, 10 years old and all of them have been attending regular physical education classes three times a week. For the assessment of motoric abilities, a set of 12 motoric test...

  12. Conception on the Methods of Promoting Students' Learning of Professional Skills through Higher Vocational Electrical Professional Skills Competition%高职电气专业技能比赛促进学生学习专业技能的方法构思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘四妹

    2013-01-01

    Vocational skills competition has promoted some macroscopic reforms on teaching, curriculum and teaching meth-ods, as well as the construction of teaching staff and practice base. This paper mainly discusses how to apply the positive role of electronic professional skills competition to students' learning, so as to promote students' professional learning.%职业技能比赛已经促进了一些宏观方面的教学改革,课程改革,教学手段改革以及师资队伍建设和实训基地的建设等,本文主要是讨论怎样把电气专业技能比赛的积极作用应用到学生中去,促进大多数不参加比赛的学生学习专业技能,提出了一些途径方法构思。

  13. Gender-related differences in reasoning skills and learning interests of junior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shemesh, Michal

    The purpose of this study was to investigate gender-related differences in the relationship between the development of formal reasoning skills and learning interests during the early adolescent stage. For this purpose, 249 students, from seventh to ninth grade, were assessed for their level of mastery of formal reasoning skills by a test based on videotaped simple experiments. Learning interests were assessed by a written response to an open question. Results showed that adolescent boys develop patterns of formal reasoning before their girl classmates. In addition, boys tend to prefer science and technology subjects, while girls tend to prefer language, social studies, and humanities. Analysis of interactions showed that boys' tendency toward science and technology is positively correlated to their age and development of formal reasoning, while girls' tendency to the above subjects is positively related to their development of formal reasoning capacity, but inversely related to their age. Possible explanations to the above-described findings and suggestions for instructional modes that may increase girls' interest in science and technology are discussed.

  14. Reforming Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Kondrup, Sissel

    The systems of vocational education and training are facing a number of challenges in many European countries. The share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes....... Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy (OECD 2015). These trends...... means that the challenges are twofold. First, the VET systems are required to offer double qualifications, which give access not only to skilled employment, but also to higher education (Deissinger et.al 2013). Secondly, the VET systems are met by diverse demands to be social inclusive and exclusive...

  15. Styles and Logical Structure of Combination of Vocational Students' English Language Skills Training and Level Ⅲ Exam%高职学生英语技能训练与三级考试相结合的方式与逻辑结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华

    2012-01-01

    This article starts from the English skills requirements of vocational high school students and Level Ⅲ Exam requirements,point out that vocational English teaching reform should be combined with Level Ⅲ Exam,focusing on students' abilities,combining with teaching,learnin and doing,adapting them to the future occupational status,English proficiency needs to truly improve the quality of graduates.%文章从对高职学生的英语技能要求和三级考试的能力要求出发,指出高职英语教学改革应当与三级考试相结合,注重学生能力的培养,做到教学做合一,使其适应未来职业岗位对英语能力的需要,真正提高毕业生的质量。

  16. 专业理论与专业技能同步教学方式在农类高职教育中的应用研究%Synchronous Teaching Mode of Professional Theory and Professional Skills in Higher Agricultural vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇飞; 吴万生; 赵凤艳

    2011-01-01

    就专业理论与专业技能同步教学方式在农类高等职业教育中进行的应用实验结果,论述了“理实一体化”“项目式教学方式”和“模块化教学方式”的适用范围与效果,建立了农类高职教育实践教学新模式。%Through synchronous teaching methods of professional theory and professional skills applying on agricultural higher vocational education, the writer discusses scopes of application and effects on project type of teaching methods, modular of teaching methods,integration on theory and practice, and sets up the new practical teaching models on agriculture higher vocational education.

  17. On the Realization of Higher Vocational Students' Selfvalue Based on Vroom's Expectancy Theory:A Case Study on Its Application to Accounting Manual Skills%基于弗鲁姆期望理论的高职学生自我价值的实现——以在会计手工技能中的运用为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝德鸿; 柳艳丽; 胡惠雄

    2012-01-01

    期望理论是一种研究人的动机激励的理论,本文研究期望理论在高职中的应用,把高职学生分成四种类型加以分析,并提出不同的学生采用不同的激励手段。在此基础上发挥会计手工技能的实践性,结合期望理论激励学生。%Expectancy Theory is a study of human motivation theories.This paper studies the application of expectancy theory in higher vocational education.Higher vocational students are divided into four types to be analyzed,and the result that different students adopt different incentive methods is put forward.On the basis of this,accounting manual skill is practiced combined with Expectancy Theory that inspires students.

  18. Vocational and Technical Education Master's Employment-oriented Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋琳

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,as China's rapid economic development,vocational and technical education has been gradually recognized by the society.As highly educated people,vocational and technical education graduate is an important force in the development of vocational education.But in reality,their employment orientation deviate from the trend of the profession and only a small part of them do related work after graducation.Combined with the current development status of vocational education,the article analysis the reasons of this problem and give policy recommendations,so as to create a good environment for vocational and technical education talented people.

  19. Hands-on creativity in Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    This presentation poses the question: what conception of the phenomenon of creativity is best suited to the field of vocational education? VET (Vocational Education and Training) aims to prepare people for employment in craft and industry. In this field, there is an ever-growing requirement...... for creativity and innovation. In response, it is my concern that an understanding of creativity be developed with vocational education and training in mind. It is not enough to import models from other areas, where the distinction between ideas and production or creativity and execution is often relatively hazy...... and therefore not well suited for VET comprising production, handcraft and industry. In Europe, vocational education schemes are considered the solid base on which almost all kinds of industry and craft depend. If Europe is to retain its innovative capacity, then vocational education, especially the capacity...

  20. Common variants in left/right asymmetry genes and pathways are associated with relative hand skill.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William M Brandler

    Full Text Available Humans display structural and functional asymmetries in brain organization, strikingly with respect to language and handedness. The molecular basis of these asymmetries is unknown. We report a genome-wide association study meta-analysis for a quantitative measure of relative hand skill in individuals with dyslexia [reading disability (RD] (n = 728. The most strongly associated variant, rs7182874 (P = 8.68 × 10(-9, is located in PCSK6, further supporting an association we previously reported. We also confirmed the specificity of this association in individuals with RD; the same locus was not associated with relative hand skill in a general population cohort (n = 2,666. As PCSK6 is known to regulate NODAL in the development of left/right (LR asymmetry in mice, we developed a novel approach to GWAS pathway analysis, using gene-set enrichment to test for an over-representation of highly associated variants within the orthologs of genes whose disruption in mice yields LR asymmetry phenotypes. Four out of 15 LR asymmetry phenotypes showed an over-representation (FDR ≤ 5%. We replicated three of these phenotypes; situs inversus, heterotaxia, and double outlet right ventricle, in the general population cohort (FDR ≤ 5%. Our findings lead us to propose that handedness is a polygenic trait controlled in part by the molecular mechanisms that establish LR body asymmetry early in development.

  1. Motor Cortical Networks for Skilled Movements Have Dynamic Properties That Are Related to Accurate Reaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David F. Putrino

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurons in the Primary Motor Cortex (MI are known to form functional ensembles with one another in order to produce voluntary movement. Neural network changes during skill learning are thought to be involved in improved fluency and accuracy of motor tasks. Unforced errors during skilled tasks provide an avenue to study network connections related to motor learning. In order to investigate network activity in MI, microwires were implanted in the MI of cats trained to perform a reaching task. Spike trains from eight groups of simultaneously recorded cells (95 neurons in total were acquired. A point process generalized linear model (GLM was developed to assess simultaneously recorded cells for functional connectivity during reaching attempts where unforced errors or no errors were made. Whilst the same groups of neurons were often functionally connected regardless of trial success, functional connectivity between neurons was significantly different at fine time scales when the outcome of task performance changed. Furthermore, connections were shown to be significantly more robust across multiple latencies during successful trials of task performance. The results of this study indicate that reach-related neurons in MI form dynamic spiking dependencies whose temporal features are highly sensitive to unforced movement errors.

  2. Word reading and reading-related skills in Hebrew-speaking adolescents with Williams syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Yonata; Antebi, Vered

    2004-12-01

    This study investigated word reading and reading-related skills in 17 Hebrew-speaking individuals with Williams syndrome, ages 11-22. Reading of real words was at the third grade level, yet six participants could not read nonce words at all. The relatively high percentage of nonreaders could be a consequence of the special characteristics of Hebrew orthography, which realizes consonants as letters and vowels as diacritic dots and dashes below and above the line. In the group as a whole, reading real and nonce words did not correlate with rapid naming. Yet, contrary to research on dyslexia, word reading correlated with IQ as well as with performance on phonological awareness tasks.

  3. Associations of Emotion-Related Regulation with Language Skills, Emotion Knowledge, and Academic Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Sadovsky, Adrienne; Spinrad, Tracy L.

    2005-01-01

    Research suggests that the development of emotional regulation in early childhood is interrelated with emotional understanding and language skills. Heuristic models are proposed on how these factors influence children’s emerging academic motivation and skills.

  4. Associations of Emotion-Related Regulation with Language Skills, Emotion Knowledge, and Academic Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Sadovsky, Adrienne; Spinrad, Tracy L.

    2005-01-01

    Research suggests that the development of emotional regulation in early childhood is interrelated with emotional understanding and language skills. Heuristic models are proposed on how these factors influence children's emerging academic motivation and skills. (Contains 2 figures.)

  5. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  6. Effect of a vocationally-focused brief cognitive behavioural intervention on employment-related outcomes for individuals with mood and anxiety disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Sean A; Boyd, Geoffrey M; Bieling, Peter; Pike, Shannon; Kazarian-Keith, Dawnna

    2008-01-01

    Despite an increasing emphasis on the importance of vocational success to the quality of life of individuals with mental illness (Bond, Drake, & Becker, 2008), minimal work has examined the impact of cognitive behavioural interventions that focus on vocational stressors. Vocational stressors commonly faced by persons with mental illness include difficulties with work task completion, obtaining employment, and coping with interpersonal stressors (Becker et al., 1998). The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a brief cognitive behavioural therapy group intervention that targets vocational stressors for individuals whose vocational functioning had been significantly impacted by mental illness. Participants included 16 individuals with mood and anxiety disorder diagnoses. After this intervention, it was found that employed persons reported an improved sense of mastery in the completion of work tasks, improved satisfaction with work supervision, and decreased satisfaction with advancement and job security. Unemployed participants reported improved expectancy for employment success.

  7. Relations between Early Reading and Writing Skills among Spanish-Speaking Language Minority Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, J. Marc; Farrington, Amber L.; Lonigan, Christopher J.

    2016-01-01

    Although there is a growing body of literature on the development of reading skills of Spanish-speaking language minority children, little research has focused on the development of writing skills in this population. This study evaluated whether children's Spanish early reading skills (i.e., print knowledge, phonological awareness, oral language)…

  8. Deaf Students' Receptive and Expressive American Sign Language Skills: Comparisons and Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beal-Alvarez, Jennifer S.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents receptive and expressive American Sign Language skills of 85 students, 6 through 22 years of age at a residential school for the deaf using the American Sign Language Receptive Skills Test and the Ozcaliskan Motion Stimuli. Results are presented by ages and indicate that students' receptive skills increased with age and…

  9. Relations between Early Reading and Writing Skills among Spanish-Speaking Language Minority Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, J. Marc; Farrington, Amber L.; Lonigan, Christopher J.

    2016-01-01

    Although there is a growing body of literature on the development of reading skills of Spanish-speaking language minority children, little research has focused on the development of writing skills in this population. This study evaluated whether children's Spanish early reading skills (i.e., print knowledge, phonological awareness, oral language)…

  10. Deaf Students' Receptive and Expressive American Sign Language Skills: Comparisons and Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beal-Alvarez, Jennifer S.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents receptive and expressive American Sign Language skills of 85 students, 6 through 22 years of age at a residential school for the deaf using the American Sign Language Receptive Skills Test and the Ozcaliskan Motion Stimuli. Results are presented by ages and indicate that students' receptive skills increased with age and…

  11. 海峡西岸经济区高职生物制药技术人才需求与培养调查分析%A Survey and Analysis of the High Skill Talent Needs and Training of Bio-pharming of Higher Vocational Education in the West-strait Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林小兰; 李泳宁

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解海峡西岸福建地区高职生物制药技术人才需求和专业知识、专业技能要求,为专业教学改革和人才培养提供依据. 方法 采用书面问卷、个别面谈、电话访谈、E-mail、网站查阅等方法 . 结果 高职生物制药技术专业毕业生就业岗位可概括为药品、食品、保健品生产企业从事生产、管理、研发、质量控制及营销等工作,生物制药专业性和应用性强,人员紧缺. 结论 生物制药技术专业教学改革和人才培养方案构建应以能力为本位,对职业岗位进行能力分解,并体现相关职业资格证书的要求,使学生毕业时确实具备相应的岗位能力.%OBJECTIVE To understand the talent needs,professional knowledge and professional techniques of biopharming in the west-strait Fujian economic zone so as to provide evidence for talent training.METHODS Re-search was carried with questionnaire,face to face interview,telephone interview,Email and reference from the web site.RESULTS Graduate employment opportunities of biopharming of higher vocational educatioin was for such as production,management,research,quality control and marketing of the drugs enterprises,food enterprises and Health-food Enterprises.The high skill talent needs was in shortage.CONCLUSION The teaching reform and the talent training plan of biopharming must take ability as standard and decompose ability of professional post,as well as em-body requirements of the related vocational qualification certificate in order to indeed make graduate obtain the corre-sponding post ability.

  12. A Matter of Balance: Motor Control is Related to Children’s Spatial and Proportional Reasoning Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, Andrea; Möhring, Wenke

    2016-01-01

    Recent research has shown close links between spatial and mathematical thinking and between spatial abilities and motor skills. However, longitudinal research examining the relations between motor, spatial, and mathematical skills is rare, and the nature of these relations remains unclear. The present study thus investigated the relation between children’s motor control and their spatial and proportional reasoning. We measured 6-year-olds’ spatial scaling (i.e., the ability to reason about different-sized spaces), their mental transformation skills, and their ability to balance on one leg as an index for motor control. One year later (N = 126), we tested the same children’s understanding of proportions. We also assessed several control variables (verbal IQ and socio-economic status) as well as inhibitory control, visuo-spatial and verbal working memory. Stepwise hierarchical regressions showed that, after accounting for effects of control variables, children’s balance skills significantly increased the explained variance in their spatial performance and proportional reasoning. Our results suggest specific relations between balance skills and spatial as well as proportional reasoning skills that cannot be explained by general differences in executive functioning or intelligence. PMID:26793157

  13. Reconstructing Vocational Education and Training for the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Hyland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The unfavorable comparisons between English and European vocational education and training (VET systems made in the Wolf Report—and indeed in many national reviews of VET in Britain since the Royal Commission on Technical Education reported in 1884—point toward the low status of vocational pursuits in the United Kingdom compared with that in Continental Europe and elsewhere. In the light of these cultural differences, it is unlikely that structural, funding, or curriculum reforms alone will succeed in enhancing VET provision without corresponding changes in the value foundation of vocational studies. The reconstruction of VET requires a re-orientation of its foundational values if the reforms proposed by Wolf and others are to have any chance of lasting success. By the same token—although European and other national systems have their own peculiar problems—the global policy agenda concerned only with cognitive outcomes expressed as behaviorist skills and competences is, arguably, unlikely to meet the key challenges. A reconstructed model of VET needs to foreground the values, craft, and aesthetic features of vocationalism if the perennial problems are to be dealt with adequately. A reconstruction plan is suggested below, informed and inspired by the concept of “mindfulness”—non-judgmental, present-moment attention, and awareness—drawn from Buddhist contemplative traditions. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs in areas such as psychology, psychotherapy, medical science, and education have grown exponentially over the last decade or so, and interesting work is now emerging in relation to the value of mindfulness in workplace training.

  14. Arithmetical Calculation and Related Neuropsychological Skills in Subjects With Isolated Oral Clefts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Jon W; Conrad, Amy L; Ansley, Timothy; Nopoulos, Peg

    2017-05-04

    The current study examined whether the arithmetical calculation skills of children, adolescents, and young adults with isolated cleft of the lip and/or palate (iCL/P) differ significantly from unaffected control participants. Comparisons of potential neuropsychological predictors of arithmetical calculation were also conducted to determine whether these variables differ significantly for participants with iCL/P. Participants (N = 176; 93 iCL/P and 83 Control) ranged in age from 7 to 26 years old. A standardized battery of achievement and neuropsychological skills was administered. Between group differences on math achievement was assessed through a univariate analysis of covariance. Relationships between neuropsychological measures and math achievement were analyzed separately for participants with iCL/P and controls through hierarchical linear regressions. Arithmetical calculation was significantly lower for the iCL/P group. Rapid naming, sustained attention, and visual-spatial organization were significant predictors for the iCL/P group; rapid naming was the lone variable that was significantly more predictive of arithmetical calculation for the iCL/P group than for control participants. These results suggest that inefficient verbal label retrieval related to short-term memory (STM) deficits underlie the calculation difficulties of individuals with iCL/P. These findings have implications for approaches to remediation, as well as future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  15. RELATIONS BETWEEN MOTORIC ABILITIES AND SPECIFIC MOTORIC BASKETBALL SKILLS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Milenković

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the relation between motoric and specific motoric basketball skills in physical education classes for elementary school students. The sample was taken from a population of boys and girls in four elementary schools in Niš. Boys (66 and girls (58, have been students of elementary school, 10 years old and all of them have been attending regular physical education classes three times a week. For the assessment of motoric abilities, a set of 12 motoric tests was applied: Explosive strength: squat jump, squat jump arms swing and drop jump; Speed: 20m running from a low start, orbiting hand and orbiting leg; Coordination: jumping over the horizontal rope, envelope test and figure „8“ with bending; Accuracy: darts, shooting with the ball at horizontal target and stiletto. For the assessment of specific motoric basketball skills a set of six tests was applied: elevations precision of ball passing with two hands, horizontal precision of  ball passing with two hands, orbiting ball around the body, orbiting ball through the legs (figure „8“, dribble around a central circle of the basketball court and dribble two "small eights" around two adjacent circles of basketball court. In data processing canonical correlation and regression analysis were used. The results showed that motoric abilities significantly contributed to success of specific motoric tests performance both with boys and also with girls.

  16. A method for assessing required course-related skills and prerequisite structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Michael D.; Wang, Jyhwen

    2015-05-01

    Engineering curricula should be dynamic with a goal of constant improvement and refinement. Unfortunately, this is often not the case; courses are developed, altered, and expanded in a piecemeal manner. Namely, as time progresses many programmes end up with courses that are developed and not a developed curriculum. To remedy this shortcoming product, development tools are proposed for the refinement and assessment of an existing curriculum; how these methods could be used for the development of a curriculum is also highlighted. The voice of the customer (VOC) process is used to identify and prioritise desired student skills. The design structure matrix (DSM) is used to assess course prerequisite structure. There is broad agreement between faculty and industry related to which professional skills are the most important. The DSM is shown to be a useful tool in ordering courses and assessing prerequisite structures. The DSM is also shown to be useful in identifying which courses in a curriculum are critical and should be the focus of educational and administrative resources.

  17. Effect of chlorpromazine or sulpiride and alcohol on psychomotor skills related to driving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seppälä, T

    1976-10-01

    A double-blind cross-over trial was conducted with 20 healthy paid volunteers for the evaluation of the subacute effects of chlorpromazine (CPZ) and sulpiride, in oral doses used for anxious outpatients, on psychomotor skills related to driving. Psychomotor performance was measured on the 7th and 14th days of treatment at 30, 90 and 150 min after the intake of 0.5 g/kg of an alcoholic or placebo drink. After the neuroleptics alone, reaction and coordination skills, but not attention, were slightly impaired, CPZ differing significantly from the placebo on the 14th day. Both drugs interacted additively with alcohol. The combined administration of CPZ and alcohol led to inaccuracy, a slowing of reactions and impaired proprioception and coordination. The combination of sulpiride and alcohol increased the error rate in the choice reaction test and impaired coordination in the coordination test driven at a free speed. It is concluded that the psychomotor decrement that occurs after 2 weeks of treatment with small doses of CPZ may effect the ability to control a motor vehicle. The concurrent administration of alcohol during treatment with CPZ or sulpiride may cause some extra risk in traffic or occupational life.

  18. Early Literacy and Numeracy Skills in Bilingual Minority Children: Toward a Relative Independence of Linguistic and Numerical Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonifacci, Paola; Tobia, Valentina; Bernabini, Luca; Marzocchi, Gian Marco

    2016-01-01

    Many studies have suggested that the concept of “number” is relatively independent from linguistic skills, although an increasing number of studies suggest that language abilities may play a pivotal role in the development of arithmetic skills. The condition of bilingualism can offer a unique perspective into the role of linguistic competence in numerical development. The present study was aimed at evaluating the relationship between language skills and early numeracy through a multilevel investigation in monolingual and bilingual minority children attending preschool. The sample included 156 preschool children. Of these, 77 were bilingual minority children (mean age = 58.27 ± 5.90), and 79 were monolinguals (mean age = 58.45 ± 6.03). The study focused on three levels of analysis: group differences in language and number skills, concurrent linguistic predictors of early numeracy and, finally, profile analysis of linguistic skills in children with impaired vs. adequate numeracy skills. The results showed that, apart from the expected differences in linguistic measures, bilinguals differed from monolinguals in numerical skills with a verbal component, such as semantic knowledge of digits, but they did not differ in a pure non-verbal component such as quantity comparison. The multigroup structural equation model indicated that letter knowledge was a significant predictor of the verbal component of numeracy for both groups. Phonological awareness was a significant predictor of numeracy skills only in the monolingual group. Profile analysis showed that children with a selective weakness in the non-verbal component of numeracy had fully adequate verbal skills. Results from the present study suggest that only some specific components of language competence predict numerical processing, although linguistic proficiency may not be a prerequisite for developing adequate early numeracy skills. PMID:27458413

  19. Older drivers' self-assessed driving skills, driving-related stress and self-regulation in traffic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siren, Anu Kristiina; Meng, Annette

    2013-01-01

    -regulation or driver stress and self-regulation behaviour, and possible gender differences in these, have not been obtained in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to gain a better understanding of older drivers' self-regulatory driving and the motivators behind this behaviour, by placing this behaviour...... in the modern traffic psychological framework of the driving task. 888 drivers aged 75 or older completed a structured phone interview about their perceived changes in driving skills, driving-related discomfort, and avoidance of driving situations. The results showed that when reporting change, the participants...... were more likely to report improvement of higher level skills and decline of the lowest level skills. Women were less likely to report improvement and more likely to report decline of skills. Driving situations related to inner states or adverse conditions were more often associated with discomfort...

  20. Brain activity underlying tool-related and imitative skills after major left hemisphere stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Markus; Nitschke, Kai; Beume, Lena; Dressing, Andrea; Bühler, Laura E; Ludwig, Vera M; Mader, Irina; Rijntjes, Michel; Kaller, Christoph P; Weiller, Cornelius

    2016-05-01

    Apraxia is a debilitating cognitive motor disorder that frequently occurs after left hemisphere stroke and affects tool-associated and imitative skills. However, the severity of the apraxic deficits varies even across patients with similar lesions. This variability raises the question whether regions outside the left hemisphere network typically associated with cognitive motor tasks in healthy subjects are of additional functional relevance. To investigate this hypothesis, we explored regions where functional magnetic resonance imaging activity is associated with better cognitive motor performance in patients with left hemisphere ischaemic stroke. Thirty-six patients with chronic (>6 months) large left hemisphere infarcts (age ± standard deviation, 60 ± 12 years, 29 male) and 29 control subjects (age ± standard deviation, 72 ± 7, 15 male) were first assessed behaviourally outside the scanner with tests for actual tool use, pantomime and imitation of tool-use gestures, as well as for meaningless gesture imitation. Second, functional magnetic resonance imaging activity was registered during the passive observation of videos showing tool-associated actions. Voxel-wise linear regression analyses were used to identify areas where behavioural performance was correlated with functional magnetic resonance imaging activity. Furthermore, lesions were delineated on the magnetic resonance imaging scans for voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping. The analyses revealed two sets of regions where functional magnetic resonance imaging activity was associated with better performance in the clinical tasks. First, activity in left hemisphere areas thought to mediate cognitive motor functions in healthy individuals (i.e. activity within the putative 'healthy' network) was correlated with better scores. Within this network, tool-associated tasks were mainly related to activity in supramarginal gyrus and ventral premotor cortex, while meaningless gesture imitation depended more on the

  1. Cut-laceration injuries and related career groups in New Jersey career, vocational, and technical education courses and programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shendell, Derek G; Mizan, Samina S; Marshall, Elizabeth G; Kelly, Sarah W; Therkorn, Jennifer H; Campbell, Jennifer K; Miller, Ashley E

    2012-09-01

    Investigations of young workers, including limited surveys in supervised school settings, suggested their elevated injury risk. This study identified factors contributing to cuts-lacerations among adolescents in New Jersey secondary school career, technical, and vocational education programs. Of 1,772 injuries reported between December 1, 1998, and September 1, 2010, 777 (44%) were cuts-lacerations; analyses focused on 224 reports (n = 182 post-exclusions) submitted after fall 2005 in three career groups-Food, Hospitality & Tourism (FH&T) (n = 71), Manufacturing & Construction (M&C) (n = 84), and Automotive & Transportation (A&T) (n = 27). Most students were "struck by" tools or hard surfaces (n = 93, 51%); 63 cuts were from knives in FH&T. In M&C, most cuts-lacerations were caused by hand-held tools (n = 18) and being "struck against/by" or "caught between hard surfaces" (n = 19). Males reported more cuts-lacerations (n = 145), most commonly among 11th graders (n = 54) and ages 16 to 17 years (n = 79). Fingers (n = 117) were most often injured, usually by cutting tools (n = 83). Training, supervision, and appropriate equipment, and further assessments of "struck by" and "pinch point" hazards, are needed. Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

  2. The Vocational Skills System Based on Business of Supply Chain Financing%基于供应链融资业务的职业技能体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爽

    2011-01-01

    致力于构建供应链融资业务相关职业技能和职业素养体系。这个体系包括制定专项人才培养内容、培养方案、培养和评估标准以及如何建立更严谨和科学的人才管理和激励机制,解决物流企业在供应链融资业务中,专项人才难培训、难评估、难管理的重大基础性问题,实现为物流企业、商业企业和银行降低监管风险,拓展监管效益,完善物流服务网络的多赢局面。%The article is committed to building the professional skills and quality system based on supply chain financing business.The"1-4-2"system include the contents,scheme and valuation standard of training as well as how to build more scientific and precise HR mechanism of management and motivation which is to solve the basic problem of 3-difficulties in HR.Therefore,it can reduce the monitor risks,extent benefit and improve the logistics service network to realize the"multi-win"among the logistic company,business company and bank.

  3. Inquiry on the "Secretarial Practice" Training Phase and the Modular Design to Enhance Communication Skills of Vocational Students%《秘书实务》阶段与模块化实训设计对提升高职生沟通技能的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦晓军

    2012-01-01

    Communication skills are necessary for a professional secretarial staff, and vocational secretarial core curriculum "Secretarial Practice" should be combined with the demand for professionals in the design of the training session, take a road of phased and modular combination training innovation, from the training design, business needs and the professional skills of students,we explore new ideas for enhancing vocational secretarial professionals' communication skills.%沟通是文秘人员一项重要的职业技能,而高职文秘专业核心课程《秘书实务》应当结合专业人才的需求对实训环节进行设计,走阶段与模块化的实训创新之路,从实训设计、企业需求和学生专业技能等方面,探索提升高职文秘专业人才沟通技能新思路。

  4. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET. These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in VET. Some theoretical consideration in behavioral and cognitive psychology will be discussed derived from the concept of learning content vocational institutions; pedagogical strategies such as demonstration, practice and feedback implemented by the instructors for learning occur. The learners’ preferences based on their characteristics to cater their ability to learn in VET. Learners’ learning styles were investigated to identify their preferences in learning and match with the curriculum and practices in teaching VET. The shift in pedagogical orientation will focus in potential of individual, engage learners in development of their own vocational knowledge and skills. VET instructors and trainers must be able to recognize and adapt their teaching and learning practice in order to response to these needs.

  5. A Discussion of the Application of Communicative Language Teaching to English Teaching in Vocational Schools in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊文霞

    2015-01-01

    Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students' communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.

  6. A Discussion of the Application of Communicative Language Teaching to English Teaching in Vocational Schools in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊文霞

    2015-01-01

    Communicative Language Teaching(CLT) has become a driving force in English Language Teaching programs in most parts of the world.It is based on the assumption that students can more easily develop language skills if the language is related to their lives and if they are given sufficient opportunity to practice them with their peers.This approach considers communicative competence as its goal of teaching.In this paper,the author tries to explore the application of Communicative Language Teaching to English teaching in vocational schools in China.To begin with,the author gives a brief introduction to Communicative Language Teaching and vocational education in China,followed by the theoretical framework.Then,the application of CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China is elaborated in detail.Finally,the author gets the conclusion that English teaching in vocational schools must consider training students’ communicative competence as its final target and a difficulty is noted by the author in terms of applying CLT to English teaching in vocational schools in China.

  7. 20 CFR 220.129 - Education as a vocational factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... claimant's ability to meet vocational requirements, for example, reasoning ability, communication skills... to work. (b) How the Board evaluates the claimant's education. The importance of the claimant's... years before the claimant's impairment(s) began, or unused skills and knowledge that were a part of...

  8. VICA--Polishing the Image of Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, June

    1976-01-01

    The National Leadership Conference and Skill Olympics sponsored by the Vocational Industrial Clubs of America (VICA) demonstrates job skill competency in the building trades, health occupations, automotive technology, electricity/electronics, and personal services. VICA community service projects and leadership training at the local level also…

  9. Disentangling fine motor skills' relations to academic achievement: the relative contributions of visual-spatial integration and visual-motor coordination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Abby G; Rowe, Ellen; Curby, Timothy W

    2013-01-01

    Recent research has established a connection between children's fine motor skills and their academic performance. Previous research has focused on fine motor skills measured prior to elementary school, while the present sample included children ages 5-18 years old, making it possible to examine whether this link remains relevant throughout childhood and adolescence. Furthermore, the majority of research linking fine motor skills and academic achievement has not determined which specific components of fine motor skill are driving this relation. The few studies that have looked at associations of separate fine motor tasks with achievement suggest that copying tasks that tap visual-spatial integration skills are most closely related to achievement. The present study examined two separate elements of fine motor skills--visual-motor coordination and visual-spatial integration--and their associations with various measures of academic achievement. Visual-motor coordination was measured using tracing tasks, while visual-spatial integration was measured using copy-a-figure tasks. After controlling for gender, socioeconomic status, IQ, and visual-motor coordination, and visual-spatial integration explained significant variance in children's math and written expression achievement. Knowing that visual-spatial integration skills are associated with these two achievement domains suggests potential avenues for targeted math and writing interventions for children of all ages.

  10. Relative Skills of Soil Moisutre and Vegetation Optical Depth Retrievals for Agricultural Drought Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, E.; Crow, W. T.; Holmes, T. R.; Bolten, J. D.

    2012-12-01

    Soil moisture condition is an important indicator for agricultural drought monitoring. Through the Land Parameter Retrieval Model (LPRM), vegetation optical depth (VOD) as well as surface soil moisture (SM) can be retrieved simultaneously from brightness temperature observations from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E). This study aims to investigate added skills of VOD in addition to SM for agricultural drought monitoring using monthly LPRM-SM and VOD products from 2002 to 2011. First, the lagged rank cross-correlation between Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the SM/VOD retrievals is used to evaluate the skills of the SM and VOD for drought monitoring. Interestingly, the highest rank cross-correlation between NDVI and VOD is found with lag of (+1) month (temporally lagged behind ranks of NDVI by 1 month), while the highest rank cross-correlation coefficient of SM is found with lag (-1) month (temporally precedes the ranks of NDVI by 1 month). Lagged responses of plants to the available water capacity in the root zone may explain this lagged peak of correlation of VOD. In order to understand this finding more systematically, additional analysis on the microwave polarization difference index and vertical/horizontal brightness temperature are conducted. Next, different types of observations (SM, VOD and NDVI) and hydrologic model results (Palmer model) are merged to improve predictive power. We adopt two different merging approaches (simple weighting method and auto-regressive model) to quantify the added skills of those different drought-related indices. The results show that adding more information rather than using solely SM observation increases lag (-1) month cross-correlation coefficient with NDVI. This result indicates that different observations/models have independent information to some degree. Therefore further analysis on error-correlations between the observations/model results is also conducted. This study suggests

  11. Colleges of Education Librarians in Nigeria: An Investigation into the Self-Perception of ICT-Related Information Literacy Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebikabowei Emmanuel Baro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to investigate the level of ICT related IL skills of librarians in COE libraries and to know some challenges librarians face in acquiring IL skills. Descriptive survey method was adopted using questionnaire.The study covered professionals and para-professional librarians in federal, state and private Colleges of Education libraries in the South-South and South-East geo-political zones of Nigeria. The findings revealed that the librarians rated their information literacy skills to be average. A correlation of the overall assessment of the librarians’ IL skills with variables such as institution, gender, years of experience and qualifications revealed differences among the librarians. The study also revealed that the librarians acquired their IL skills through different channels such as friends and colleagues, self-practice, workshops, conferences and seminars, and through on the job training. Only a few indicated that they acquired their IL skills through library schools. Lack of training, irregular power supply, poor Internet connectivity, inadequate facilities (computers, and lack of time were identified as some of the challenges to acquire IL skills.

  12. Weight status and gender-related differences in motor skills and in child care - based physical activity in young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonvin, Antoine; Barral, Jérôme; Kakebeeke, Tanja H; Kriemler, Susi; Longchamp, Anouk; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Puder, Jardena J

    2012-03-09

    Over the last decades, a decline in motor skills and in physical activity and an increase in obesity has been observed in children. However, there is a lack of data in young children. We tested if differences in motor skills and in physical activity according to weight or gender were already present in 2- to 4-year-old children. Fifty-eight child care centers in the French part of Switzerland were randomly selected for the Youp'là bouge study. Motor skills were assessed by an obstacle course including 5 motor skills, derived from the Zurich Neuromotor Assessment test. Physical activity was measured with accelerometers (GT1M, Actigraph, Florida, USA) using age-adapted cut-offs. Weight status was assessed using the International Obesity Task Force criteria (healthy weight vs overweight) for body mass index (BMI). Of the 529 children (49% girls, 3.4 ± 0.6 years, BMI 16.2 ± 1.2 kg/m2), 13% were overweight. There were no significant weight status-related differences in the single skills of the obstacle course, but there was a trend (p = 0.059) for a lower performance of overweight children in the overall motor skills score. No significant weight status-related differences in child care-based physical activity were observed. No gender-related differences were found in the overall motor skills score, but boys performed better than girls in 2 of the 5 motor skills (p ≤ 0.04). Total physical activity as well as time spent in moderate-vigorous and in vigorous activity during child care were 12-25% higher and sedentary activity 5% lower in boys compared to girls (all p children, child care-based physical activity was higher in boys compared to girls. These results are important to consider when establishing physical activity recommendations or targeting health promotion interventions in young children.

  13. Analysis on"Skilled Entrance Examination"Students of Higher Vocational College and Corresponding Teaching Strategies%高职数控专业技能高考生生源调查分析与教学策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武峰

    2013-01-01

    通过对高职数控专业技能高考生进行生源情况调查分析,有针对性地提出了教学策略,完成了机械类专业中、高职协调发展的重要基础性工作。%T hrough analysis on“skilled entrance examination"students of digital control spe-cialty ,corresponding teaching strategies are proposed so that the fundamental work of higher vocational education development especially for mechanical specialty can be completed .

  14. 区域中等职业教育发展影响因素分析%Analysis of the Influencing Factors Related with the Development of Regional Secondary Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋小杰

    2012-01-01

    运用系统论的观点深入研究区域中等职业教育发展的影响因素,分析区域中等职业教育系统内部与外部环境之间的相互依存关系,寻找推动区域中等职业教育不断发展的动力源泉,剖析区域中等职业教育运行机制和实现途径,旨在为区域中等职业教育的发展提供完整的理论分析思路。%This article is in-depth studied on influencing factors related with the development of regional secondary vocational education by applying the system theory,analyzed of the interdependent relationship between the internal and external environment,found the source of power to promote the continuous development of regional secondary vocational education,and dissected the operational mechanism and realization of regional secondary vocational education,in order to provide a complete theoretical analysis thought for the development of regional secondary vocational education.

  15. Exploration of Competition Preparation Strategy of Higher Vocational Electronic Product Design and Production Skills Competition%高职组电子产品设计与制作项目技能大赛的备赛策略探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周平

    2016-01-01

    近年来,随着职业教育的不断发展,越来越多的高职院校开始加大对学生实践能力的提升,学校根据自身的特色制定出一系列的专业技能比赛机制并不断地将这种方式进行延伸,将参加省市级,甚至国家级技能大赛作为展示学校和学生优势的一个重要的形式,电子产品设计与制作项目技能大赛更是新阶段较为常见的技能大赛。文章主要针对电子产品设计与制作项目技能大赛的备赛策略进行一定的探究。%In recent years, with the continuous development of vocational education,more and more high vocational colleges began to increase the promotion of students' practical abilities,the school developed a series of professional skills competition mechanism and constantly to extend,will take part in provincial and even national skills contest as an important form to show the advantages of schools and students,electronic product design and production skills contest is a new phase is common skills con-test.This article mainly explores strategies of electronic product design and production skills contest.

  16. Affective and motivational factors mediate the relation between math skills and use of math in everyday life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda RJ Jansen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on the use of math in everyday life (the propensity to recognize and solve quantitative issues in real life situations. Data from a Dutch nation-wide research on math among adults (N = 521 were used to investigate the question whether math anxiety and perceived math competence mediated the relationship between math skills and use of math in everyday life, taken gender differences into account. Results showed that women reported higher math anxiety, lower perceived math competence, and lower use of math in everyday life, compared to men. Women's skills were estimated at a lower level than men's. For both women and men, higher skills were associated with higher perceived math competence, which in turn was associated with more use of math in everyday life. Only for women, math anxiety also mediated the relation between math skills and use of math in everyday life.

  17. Affective and Motivational Factors Mediate the Relation between Math Skills and Use of Math in Everyday Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, Brenda R J; Schmitz, Eva A; van der Maas, Han L J

    2016-01-01

    This study focused on the use of math in everyday life (the propensity to recognize and solve quantitative issues in real life situations). Data from a Dutch nation-wide research on math among adults (N = 521) were used to investigate the question whether math anxiety and perceived math competence mediated the relationship between math skills and use of math in everyday life, taken gender differences into account. Results showed that women reported higher math anxiety, lower perceived math competence, and lower use of math in everyday life, compared to men. Women's skills were estimated at a lower level than men's. For both women and men, higher skills were associated with higher perceived math competence, which in turn was associated with more use of math in everyday life. Only for women, math anxiety also mediated the relation between math skills and use of math in everyday life.

  18. Factors Related Management Skills of High School Library Directors in the Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-ling Kuo

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:12-34

    This study attempted to determine the factors related to the management skills of high school library directors in Taiwan, R. o. C. There were five dimensions of the Level of Management Skills (LMS, namely, professionalism, communication, library knowledge and skills, administration, and instructional leadership. The sample size was 201 randomly selected high school library directors in Taiwan. Data were collected by mail questionnaire from July to September 1996. Correlation analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between the factors of the library directors' sum of the LMS scores and independent variables. The regression equation was drawn. In the full model of the regression analysis, derived independent variables, "Support, circulation volumes, and the type of school," "Education and effort," and "Continuing professional education activities in library science" explained the greatest amount of unique variance in the dependent variable, the sum of the LMS scores. This study suggested establishing the standards of basic abilities for school library directors, arranging local unions of high school library directors in the country, re-arranging the core courses of the library majors, and emphasizing the role of "instructional consultant"

  19. IDENTIFICATION OF CAREER MANAGEMENT SKILLS RELATED PROBLEMS IN THE STUDY PROCESS OF PODOLOGISTS

    OpenAIRE

    Saulīte, Mārīte; Andersone, Rudīte

    2016-01-01

    Despite the competencies acquired in study process, results of learning, diploma and provided guidance measures podologs as same as other young specialists often lack skills to create successful proffesional career in their field.At this moment in Latvia, specific proffesion, including podologs, career management skill set is not defined. For students of podology learning of mentioned skills is indirectly integrated in educational process, which is reflected by the study program aims, methods...

  20. Relation between Secondary School Administrators' Transformational and Transactional Leadership Style and Skills to Diversity Management in the School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okçu, Veysel

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the relation between secondary school administrators' transformational and transactional leadership style and skills to diversity management in the school, based on branch teachers' perceptions. The relational survey method was used in the study. The sample for the study was comprised of teachers 735 public school teachers…