WorldWideScience

Sample records for vocational training supporting

  1. Support from Teachers and Trainers in Vocational Education and Training: The Pathways to Career Aspirations and Further Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Claudia; Stalder, Barbara E.; Tschan, Franziska; Häfeli, Kurt

    2014-01-01

    Transition from school to work is a challenging period for young people with learning difficulties. In the dual vocational system of Switzerland, teachers at vocational educational and training (VET)-schools, as well as trainers at VET-companies, provide important support. We were interested in the different pathways from this support to…

  2. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  3. Accommodating Learning Styles: Relevance and Good Practice in Vocational Education and Training--Supporting Documents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Peter; Dalton, Jennifer; Henry, John

    2005-01-01

    This document was produced by the author(s) based on their research for the Australian report, "Accommodating Learning Styles: Relevance and Good Practice in Vocational Education and Training," and contains three parts. Part 1, Research Methodology and Findings (Peter Smith and Jennifer Dalton), contains: (1) Research Questions; (2)…

  4. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  5. Digital Media as Support for Technical Vocational Training: Expectations and Research Results of the Use of Web2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Schulte

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Digital media as support for Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET learning processes have been increasingly tested in recent times. In Germany, for example, the Ministry for Education and Research and others have been supporting projects that develop and evaluate innovative didactical and technological models focussing on “Virtual Learning”, “Learning with Web2.0” or “Mobile Learning”. Above all in vocational education and with regard to the target group of media-affine young people, teachers have high expectations regarding pedagogical purposes and learning efficiency. The present article describes a project on a learning and communication platform that combines the advantages of digital media with the special feature of a cooperation of learning environments within the German Dual TVET System by making use of innovative pedagogical approaches for the shaping of more sustainable occupational learning. The results show examples of how a different (often quite unexpected use of digital media for vocational learning processes by young people is justified.

  6. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  7. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  8. 20 CFR 638.503 - Vocational training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational training. 638.503 Section 638.503 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.503 Vocational training. (a)...

  9. Reforming Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Kondrup, Sissel

    The systems of vocational education and training are facing a number of challenges in many European countries. The share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes....... Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy (OECD 2015). These trends...... means that the challenges are twofold. First, the VET systems are required to offer double qualifications, which give access not only to skilled employment, but also to higher education (Deissinger et.al 2013). Secondly, the VET systems are met by diverse demands to be social inclusive and exclusive...

  10. Vocational Training Today: The Changing Relationship between Training and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducray, Gabriel

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on the changing relationship between training and employment, this article discusses (1) limitations of traditional vocational training policies, (2) the relationship between training and employment today, (3) changes in skills and the effects of structural factors on the employment situation, and (4) a modern vocational training policy.…

  11. Proposed Newcastle Diploma in Vocational Education and Industrial Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Brian

    1970-01-01

    For several years, Newcastle upon Tyne Institute of Education has provided a course toward a Diploma in Advanced Educational Studies (Further Education) and now proposes a full-time, year-long course for persons with training experience toward a Diploma in Vocational Education and Industrial Training. So far the necessary students to support the…

  12. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for Poverty ... with a population of 140 million people is battling with food insecurity, poverty and youth ... in education curricula, agricultural education and the rural poor was discussed.

  13. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...... training has served as a lever for the gradual expansion of the policy field into both general and higher education and for the establishment of a European discourse on Lifelong Learning. In the article, Ball's concept of "policy as discourse" is used to identify the changing spaces of possibility within...... EC vocational training policy (Ball, What is policy? Texts, trajectories and toolboxes. Discourse, 13(2), 1993)....

  14. Vocational Training in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BALCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available European Union requires some standards in all areas. Today, the importance of training qualified individuals which holds an important place in the development of countries increases and certain standards are adopted creating common European Union tools in the field of vocational and technical education. In this study, vocational education and training policies system and the standards adopted by the European Union are discussed. Furthermore, this study was accepted as a European Union project in 2010 and the results obtained from the Leonardo Da Vinci Life Learning European Union project called “Web Based Basic Vocational Training” between the years 2010-2012 were presented. Since the partners of these projects are Turkey, Spain and Germany, the structure of vocational education, institutions of public and private vocational education and the diplomas and certificates entitled after these educations are included. As Turkey is on its way to become a European Union member, a number of advices are presented for Turkey to reach its destination about vocational education standards that European Union has aimed. The purpose of the study is not only to be a guide for the young who want to get professional training in the countries that are European Union members or candidates about how and where to have education opportunities but also to give a chance for trainers and training managers, participating in vocational training, so as to glimpse different practices from different countries and compare these practices between the countries of European Union and their countries. The study is also very important as it has the opportunities for training managers to see if their countries' vocational education is close enough to vocational education in European Union.

  15. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes...... attempt to summarise the various effects that the colleges have in two relevant figures, namely retention rates of students and employment rates among students who have completed training programmes....

  16. The European Dimensions of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sós Tamás

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research examined the connection between vocational education, training and the world of work, and the social situation in Hungary in a European outlook. The accentual issues of the analysis disclosing the problem are: youth unemployment, the tendencies of secondary vocational education, proportions of enrollment and the features of training tendencies, the growing number of early dropouts, the effect of family background on student performance. This work tried to find the answer to the question: What variations have the changes in the regulations of vocational training, encouraging dual education brought on in the connection between trainers and work places? The research did not prove that the central vocational training system would be more effective than a varied, flexible, permeable, transparent decentralized operation with parts built on each other. The introduction of the complex exam overshadowed the evaluation of the competency areas, and fits less to the modularity of the framework curricula. With the legal regulation of vocational training in force the modular system has become a formality. Taking prior knowledge into account has become more difficult. The efficiency of professional structural decisions is questionable, it has not triggered the extension of employment among career starters, and does not mean a guarantee of finding a job either. Creating the motivation of economic role players may bring on steps forward to take up bigger tasks in vocational training. The research has confirmed the importance of improving the basic competency areas when planning vocational training, of life-long learning, of practice orientation, and also of the continuous connection with the labor market.

  17. Vocational Training in the Development Process. The Singapore Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, G. F.

    The planning and implementation of vocational training in Singapore (training primarily intended for school-leavers) is highly directed toward serving labor force development objectives. This paper explains the vocational training infrastructure (a national system, the conduct of which is vested in the Vocational and Industrial Training Board),…

  18. FORCE Containing Vocational Training in Europe. Vademecum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    FORCE Technical Assistance Office, Brussels (Belgium).

    The aim of the FORCE program is to promote the continuing vocational training of workers in Member States of the European Community (EC). FORCE offers assistance at national and EC levels in implementing measures to enhance both the development and quality of continuing training. Measures at the national level comprise the preparation of regular…

  19. Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaista MAJID

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to designing a model of vocational training programs for disables. For this purpose desk review was carried out and the vocational training models/programs of Israel, U.K., Vietnam, Japan and Thailand were analyzed to form a conceptual frame work of the model. Keeping in view the local conditions/requirements a model of vocational training program was proposed. The proposed model involved the vocational training plan for the job of cashier for mild group, receptionist for moderate and computer operator for severe group. It specified the type of disability as well involved in the training plan. The model recommended the vocational training of three levels of disability; mild, moderate and severe irrespective to the type. The model consisted of details of structure, objectives, professional support involved, vocational training plan and syllabus/activities, evaluation and on job training etc. International practices regarding VT mixed with the national existing situations were critically analyzed during desk review and finally a plan of VT for disables was proposed. A survey was conducted via a questionnaire to get opinion of the heads and senior vocational instructors of Federal Government vocational training and rehabilitation centers for PWDs. The collected data was statistically analyzed to quantify the suggestions on proposed model. The major findings included that all stakeholders considered VT helpful in rehabilitation of PWDs. All heads and vocational instructors are willing to adopt this model, minimum or no extra funds are needed in its implementation, the vocational teacher employed in the centers can easily manage to adopt this model at their centers because no extra training is required for the staff and they all endorse the VT plan proposed in this model. A vocational training model is required to reduce socio-economic gap and to set professional standards by developing human resources trained in trades. The

  20. Vocational Training and Social Inclusion. At a Glance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Jo

    2011-01-01

    Social inclusion has become a key focus for public policy in Australia, with governments supporting interventions that aim to improve the lives of those who are disengaged or disadvantaged. One of the key areas of concern is raising the educational levels of individuals. Vocational education and training (VET) has long played an important role in…

  1. Global Reconstructions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avis, James

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, the author examines the wider context within which vocational education and training (VET) is set and the surrounding debates. He considers the prominence of neoliberalism and notions of competitiveness, crisis, skill and knowledge. Despite differences between systems of VET with respect to their reach…

  2. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes....... This makes it difficult to compare the resources used, since some programmes by their nature require more classroom time and equipment than others. It is also far from straightforward to compare college effects with respect to grades, since the various programmes apply very different forms of assessment...

  3. Vocational Counseling and Training for Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Mercedes Vicente Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Deciding on a university degree is undoubtedly a difficult choice. This situation brings about fear of failing and disappointing yourself and others, which is a common feeling among high school students, becoming a source of anxiety and stress. This demonstrates the need for an appropriate vocational and professional guidance. In Cuba, this subject is gaining importance, since a greater number of youngsters have the opportunity to choose from more professions; thus, deciding on one or the other is a problem of great practical and social impact. Vocational guidance and training in the Cuban educational context aims to reaffirm the inclination of youth towards medical studies, where they fully develop their potential, on the basis of consolidating values and feelings, and a high social, moral and unconditional commitment to the practice of the profession. This paper presents various issues that currently affect vocational guidance and the role of each of the major participants in the process itself.

  4. Forming Social Partnership Policy in Vocational Training of Service Sector Specialists in Germany and Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Kredenets Nadiya

    2016-01-01

    The article deals with the problem of forming social partnership policy in vocational training of service sector specialists in Germany and Austria. The foreign and domestic pedagogical experience in establishing an effective system of social partnership in vocational education has been analyzed. The author has considered main factors of social partnership development in vocational education that influence the forming of normative and legal support; a multilevel structure of government manage...

  5. The Effects of Vocational Training on Labor Force Experience. An Analysis of the Tennessee Area Vocational Technical School System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    To analyze the differential benefits from vocational training, a study was made involving 1,701 former students selected at random from 19 area vocational-technical schools in Tennessee. Major objectives of the study were to determine: (1) economic justification of vocational training, (2) wage differences among the vocationally trained and…

  6. A Training System for Export? The German Dual Vocational Training System and Its Transferability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroter, H. Gunter

    1995-01-01

    Problems with vocational education and training in developing countries include insufficient resources and lack of workplace experience. The German dual vocational training system is being promoted as a potential solution. (SK)

  7. An Analysis of Differential Benefits from Vocational Training. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    The objectives of this study were to find out how the characteristics of students and their training affect the rate of return to investment in vocational training, how they affect the earnings of trainees, and how vocational training influences the distribution of income among educational groups. The data were collected in a previous study and…

  8. Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilboe, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

  9. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  10. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  11. The vocational education and training system in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia; Wiborg, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US.......Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US....

  12. The vocational education and training system in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia; Wiborg, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US.......Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US....

  13. Vocational Training in the Textiles and Clothing Industries in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimousis, I.; Zisimopoulos, A.

    This document examines the circumstances under which vocational training in Greece is provided for jobs in the textile and clothing industries. Its objective is to identify guidelines for vocational training for a skilled work force at regional and national levels and to contribute to job mobility between industries. Statistical data,…

  14. Paradoxes in Danish Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Louw, Arnt Vestergaard; Katznelson, Noemi

    2015-01-01

    teaching practices in VET that create unmotivated, weak students and unintentional push-out effects. Further, it is suggested that the marketization of education has a profound effect on the practice in VET such that good education has come to be more associated with retaining all students in the VET......All vocational education and training schools in Denmark are required to launch retention initiatives and report yearly on their efforts to increase retention and the completion rate of their students. This article argues that the structural conditions and incentive structure around VET produces...

  15. Vocational Education and the Training of Industrial Labour in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura Castro, Claudio de

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on issues related to the training of industrial workers in Brazil, this article reports the findings of a study which evaluated the effectiveness of vocational training offered by the National Industrial Apprenticeship Service. (LRA)

  16. Human Resources Development: Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training. Report VIII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The report presents responses from 57 member States of the International Labor Organization (ILO) to 16 questions as part of the preparation for placing an item entitled "Human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training" on the agenda of the 59th (1974) Session of the ILO Conference. For each of the questions, the question…

  17. Forming Social Partnership Policy in Vocational Training of Service Sector Specialists in Germany and Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kredenets Nadiya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of forming social partnership policy in vocational training of service sector specialists in Germany and Austria. The foreign and domestic pedagogical experience in establishing an effective system of social partnership in vocational education has been analyzed. The author has considered main factors of social partnership development in vocational education that influence the forming of normative and legal support; a multilevel structure of government management, powers of employers and trade unions, regional economic development authorities of local government (industrial, commercial, trade, agricultural units, professional orientation of future specialists vocational education institutions and enterprises where specialists are trained; continuous monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; mechanisms of multivariate and multilevel approach to vocational education funding. Based on the analysis of scientific and reference sources the author has concluded that the main feature of vocational education in Germany and Austria is the participation of social partners who make common decisions and bear responsibility for normative and legal support; a multilevel management structure; monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; an optimal combination of theoretical and practical vocational training of future specialists.

  18. Vocational Training Course to TC Secretary-generals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Up to September 2003, three vocational training courses to the secretary-generals of standardization technical committees had already been conducted by Standardization Administration of China (SAC) to meet the reforming and developing requirements in standardization work, and enhance the vocational levels as well as the managing skills of the TC secretary-generals.

  19. Incentive Styles, Asynchronous Online Discussion, and Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shinyi; Chiu, Chou-Kang

    2008-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) is intended to prepare adult learners for careers that are based on practical activities. With the underlying constructivist andragogy, this study intended to examine the effects of computer-mediated group collaboration in vocational education, and how that affects the associated learning outcomes. For…

  20. Non-Wage Benefits of Vocational Training: Employability and Mobility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlby, Roger L.; Schriver, William R.

    In order to investigate the effects of vocational training on labor force participation and unemployment, the researchers compared an experimental group of Tennessee Area Vocational-Technical School (AVTS) graduates with an individually matched control group. On the basis of data collected by questionnaire, the report concluded that vocationally…

  1. 34 CFR 427.1 - What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program? 427...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BILINGUAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM... Program provides financial assistance for bilingual vocational education and training for limited...

  2. Vocational Training of Disadvantaged Youth in the Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corvalan-Vasquez, Oscar

    1983-01-01

    Defines "disadvantaged youth" and reviews vocational training and employment programs designed for them. Finds that these activities tend to favor the relatively privileged rather than those with the greatest need. (SK)

  3. Re-Contextualizing Vocational Didactics in Norwegian Vocational Education and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hæge Nore

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores teachers and trainers didactical practices in different contexts in Norwegian VET: schools and workplaces. With the introduction of e-resources and e-portfolios in VET, learners as well as teachers and trainers experience a more hybrid learning-arena, which claims for a recontextualization of vocational didactics as well as re-defining roles and responsibilities of the actors. The article discuss new forms of boundary crossing, dealing with e-portfolios as boundary objects, increasing learner autonomy, transformative learning outcomes, interaction between actors and designing learning processes in hybrid learning-arenas. Vocational didactics as understood in a teacher-training context are challenged by more actors and new forms of interactivity with technological tools crossing sites. The study is based on a longitudinal study in a national project on quality assessment, interviews with teachers and trainers as well as apprenticeship training offices supported by documentary evidence from three trades: sales, plumbing and industrial mechanics.

  4. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  5. The Dutch vocational education and training system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.M.C.

    2014-01-01

    The Dutch educational system is highly stratified from secondary education onwards3, and this also applies to MBO. Each MBO course can be followed in two different learning pathways, called the vocationally educating learning pathway (beroepsopleidende leerweg: BOL) and the vocationally guiding lear

  6. Vocational Training of Young People in France: A Resource Difficult to Exploit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdier, Eric

    1994-01-01

    Discusses vocational training in France, particularly the widening gap between training and the labor market, the indecisiveness regarding educational strategies, and institutional links between training and employment. (JOW)

  7. Converging Trends amidst Diversity in Vocational Training Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caillods, Francoise

    1994-01-01

    Vocational education and training are indispensable for improving labor mobility, adaptability, and productivity, thus improving companies' competitiveness and redressing labor market imbalances. To adjust to this new environment, most countries are reviewing, adapting, and redesigning their education and training systems. (JOW)

  8. Efficiency and Equity in Vocational Education and Training Policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin

    1994-01-01

    Addresses the question of how to determine the overall effect of the vocational education and training system on efficiency and equity. Suggests criteria to guide allocation of public resources for education and training to meet efficiency and equity goals. (Author/JOW)

  9. Vocational & Industrial Training Board Annual Report 89/90.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairfax County Public Schools, Falls Church, VA. Office of Adult and Community Education.

    During fiscal year (FY) 1989, the Vocational and Industrial Training Board (VITB) in Singapore offered full-time training at seven levels for secondary school leavers. The board's intake of 9,333 participants was 8% below the FY 1988 intake, a fact that was attributed to fewer primary school leavers. The introduction of the Revised Vocational…

  10. Exploring Professional Development Practices for Vocational Education and Training Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kim

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the practice of professional development within the Vocational Education and Training (VET) arena. The study object was to gain the perceptions held by a selected group of VET educators in the tourism and hospitality sector of the professional teaching/training competencies required for effective practice. The study was…

  11. New Blended Learning Strategy Based on Flipped-Learning for Vocational Work-Linked Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Hajji, Mohamed; El Bouzaidi, Rachid Drissi; Douzi, Hassan; Khouya, El Hassane

    2016-01-01

    In a changing Moroccan educational landscape, Addressing teaching development needs is becoming a major issue in vocational work-linked Training. In this context, this paper present a new blended learning strategy based on the flipped classroom, using a social learning platform as support. Through this strategy, we increased the time dedicated to…

  12. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  13. Original article Personality determinants of motivation to undertake vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Godlewska-Werner

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background Recently, at a time of frequent changes in the economic and socio-economic circumstances, knowledge acquired in the course of formal education is insufficient. Especially, the education system is still criticized for a lack of flexibility and strong resistance to change. Therefore, regular participation in various forms of training is required. Employee education and training are becoming an optimal answer to complex business challenges. The aim of this study was to determine which personality traits are responsible for the strength of motivation to undertake vocational training and other educational forms. Participants and procedure The study included 104 staff members of Polish companies (60 women and 44 men. The study used Cattell’s 16 PF Questionnaire and the scales of readiness to undertake training and further education as a measure of the strength of motivation (Kawecka, Łaguna & Tabor, 2010. Results The study showed that openness to change and tension (primary traits had the greatest impact on the intention and planning to take vocational training. Additionally, the intention and planning to take vocational training were found to be associated with mindedness, independence, self-control, and anxiety (secondary traits. Such traits as rule-consciousness [G], social-boldness [H], abstractedness [M], and apprehension [O] (primary traits, were important in some aspects, which could constitute a background for further research and discussion of the results. Conclusions The obtained results lead to the conclusion that some of the individual differences in personality determine the motivation to undertake vocational training.

  14. The Financing of Vocational Education and Training in Portugal. Financing Portrait. CEDEFOP Panorama Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centeno, Luis Gomes; Sarmento, Ana Leonor

    The financing of vocational education and training (VET) in Portugal was examined. The examination focused on the following topics: (1) the economic, political, legal, and administrative contexts of funding; (2) the funding framework for VET in Portugal; (3) initial vocational training (IVT); (4) continuing vocational training (CVT); and (5)…

  15. ECONewFARMERs Building a future for new farmers in ecological farming through vocational training

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, CA; Arslam, M; Basile, S; Castro, M.; C. Coll; Correia, H.; Correia, P.; Guerra, LT; Guiné, R; MacDonald, J.; Radics, L; Soylu, S.; Teixerira, D; Tothova, M; Toth, P.

    2015-01-01

    In 2013 partners from diffreent european countries started a commom inovation tranfer program with rthe support of Leonardo da Vinci 2013-1-PT1-LEO05-15535 "ECONewFARMERs Building a future for new farmers in ecological farming through vocational training". whithin this paper we outline the outcome of the questionnaires filled by stake holders and - based on the results - the training material developed.

  16. Introduction of a Quality Management System for Vocational Education and Training in Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Podařil

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the quality of vocational education, school, teaching and learning of students should be in the interests of all participants in the education process. The quality of secondary school is the critical element in enhancing the attractiveness of vocational education in Slovakia. Finding an offcial scale that would provide such a information in Slovakia is unfortunately impossible. There is no system for evaluating the quality of vocational education and training (VET at vocational schools. There are no clearly defined criterias, rules or any standards. Speaking of an assessing the level of quality of vocational education on the base of existing outcomes in formal education such as monitoring, final exams, graduation exams is resulting in one-sided evaluation and does not address the systematic coherence and complexivity of this issue. An essential step os to create a functional system of evaluation of VET in Slovakia. The article describes importance of VET which can play a central role in preparing young people for work, developing the skills of adults and responding to the labour market needs of the economy and presents the project Model of the quality evaluation of vocational education and training at secondary vocational schools in Slovakia that is currently ongoing on many secondary vocational schools in western Slovakia and Austria. The aim of the project is to develop and apply an open, flexible and adaptable quality management system. The article not only presents indicators for evaluation but also the way how can be evaluated each of them. The effort of this project is also to create specialized portal with support services that provide transparent, clear and specific information from this area of interest. The introduction of the evaluation framework, the selection of indicators that take established criteria into consideration and assembling of the scale is therefore more than relevant and required

  17. Mindfulness, Therapy and Vocational Values: Exploring the Moral and Aesthetic Dimensions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Terry

    2011-01-01

    The devaluation and debilitation of education in general and vocational education and training (VET) in particular has been explored and described in recent years by a wide range of critical commentators. Education stands in dire need of therapy, and this paper suggests a therapeutic process for rejuvenating and enhancing VET through attention to…

  18. Training of Teachers/Trainers in Technical and Vocational Education. UNEVOC Studies in Technical and Vocational Education, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Section for Technical and Vocational Education.

    This document contains nine papers about and from an international roundtable on the training of teachers in technical and vocational education. The first paper, a Final Report of the "International Round Table on Training of Teachers in Technical and Vocational Education (Curitiba, Brazil, 7-10 April 1997)," examines the following:…

  19. Vocational training in contemporary Spain: Policies, Agents and Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulí DÁVILA BALSERA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The vocational training in Spain has reached a late formalization in the educational system. This situation is explained by the economical contexts thatevolve from the agricultural sector to the industrial development of certain zones, which are those who have a better network of vocational schools. In this article three levels of analysis are addressed: the first one, related to the politics and educational legislation, in order to notice the process of formalization; the second one, focused on the relevance of the Church on this sector and, the third one is the role played by the Union Organization during the Franco's regime. In this way, the intervention of the different agents who have contributed to the development of the vocational training in Spain remains clear up to the General Law of Education of 1970.

  20. National Observatory Report on Vocational Education and Training in Moldova.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    The state of vocational education and training (VET) in Moldova was examined. The study focused on the following topics: Moldova's socioeconomic conditions; Moldova's labor market; governance of VET; Moldova's VET system; and anticipation of skill needs and standards. Selected findings were as follows: (1) the educational share of state…

  1. An Overview of Vocational Education and Training in Malta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).

    Data for studies of vocational education and training systems in Malta and five other countries in the region were gathered through an analysis of existing studies and visits to the main stakeholders in the countries. Some of the main conclusions reached by the study of Malta include the following: (1) since the island has limited natural…

  2. Vocational Education and Training in Cyprus. Short Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Cyprus takes over the European Union Presidency in the second half of 2012 in a period of continuing uncertainty due to the world economic crisis. The vocational education and training (VET) system of Cyprus is playing a significant role in dealing with the immediate adverse effects of the crisis on the labour market as well as in laying the…

  3. Computer Usage as Instructional Resources for Vocational Training in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguzor, Nkasiobi Silas

    2011-01-01

    The use of computers has become the driving force in the delivery of instruction of today's vocational education and training (VET) in Nigeria. Though computers have become an increasingly accessible resource for educators to use in their teaching activities, most teachers are still unable to integrate it in their teaching and learning processes.…

  4. Vocational Education and Training in Belgium. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint-Hubert, Roselyne Simon; van Griethuysen, Claire-Anne; Hellemans, Jacques; Verhelpen, Pierre; De Streel, Jean-Marc

    Belgium's vocational education and training (VET) was examined. The following topics were considered: (1) the VET environment (political and administrative structures; the economy; the labor force; unemployment); (2) Belgium's educational system (funding principles; the structure and objectives of basic, secondary, and higher education); (3) the…

  5. Perceptions of Safety Knowledge and Skills in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bani-Salameh, Zakaria

    2016-01-01

    This research aims at investigating the perceptions towards safety knowledge and skills and perceived efficacies among flight attendants onboard. Many studies have reported deficiencies in vocational training among flight attendants to handle specific onboard emergencies, but these findings are not surprising as knowledge and skills that are not…

  6. Vocational Education and Training in Denmark. Short Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education and training in Denmark has embarked on a process of modernisation aiming at, primarily, increasing flexibility, and individualisation, quality and efficiency. Assessment and recognition of informal and non-formal learning, competence-based curricula, innovative approaches to teaching, and increased possibilities for partial…

  7. National Observatory Report on Vocational Education and Training in Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shcherbak, O. I.; Tomashenko, V.; Berizko, M.; Golik, L.; Yanevich, L.; Nichkalo, N.; Simak, A.; Zaytseva, O.

    The state of vocational education and training (VET) in Ukraine was examined. The study focused on the following topics: Ukraine's socioeconomic conditions; Ukraine's labor market; general VET policy and legislation; and Ukraine's VET system. Selected findings were as follows: (1) although Ukraine's socioeconomic situation continues to be…

  8. Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

    2011-01-01

    Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results suggest that welfare reform reduced enrollment in…

  9. The Incidence of Employment Subsidies for Vocational Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albæk, Karsten

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses employment subsidies for vocational training under union wage bargaining. The analysis includes an investigation of the consequences of financing the subsidy by a levy on employment, which is the typical way of financing these types of subsidies in many countries. The paper...

  10. The Evaluation of Vocational Training: A Comparative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tome, Eduardo

    2001-01-01

    Comparison of vocational training evaluation in the United States, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development states, and the European Union identified certain advantages to the U.S. model of microeconometric impact evaluation, including better policy and expenditure of public money. (Contains 49 references.) (SK)

  11. Systemic Change in Vocational Training Institutions in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moallem, Abbas; Moallem, Mahnaz

    1998-01-01

    The Specialized Vocational Training Institutions known as Institut Medico-Professionel (IMPro) in France are faced with increasing demands to provide quality services to adolescents with intellectual disabilities. This article describes the process of organizational changes in IMPro including the model, methods, tools, and techniques used in…

  12. Vocational Training and Professional Development: A Capability Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Marion; Vero, Josiane; Zimmermann, Benedicte

    2012-01-01

    Lifelong learning has become one of the keys to making workers' career paths more secure at both the French and the European policy level. However, the implementation of these policy lines raises delicate questions as to how the responsibility for vocational training should be shared among employees, employers and public institutions. The…

  13. Market Research Manual for Providers of Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamblyn, Annette; Shelton, Diane

    This manual, which is intended for vocational education and training (VET) providers, does the following: explains fundamental market research concepts; highlights situations where market research can help VET providers with their planning and policy development; and illustrates the uses of market research in VET institutions. The following topics…

  14. Opportunities for vocational training and training in investment project management in Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Vanya Antonova

    2015-01-01

    Possessing the necessary knowledge, skills and competences in the area of project management is a compulsory condition and major prerequisite for achieving professional management. In the article there are studied the possibilities for vocational education and training in the area of project management, specifically the management of investment projects. The analysis is built on types of institution, encompassing both the system of vocational education and training (including professional sec...

  15. Teacher Preparation for Vocational Education and Training in Germany: A Potential Model for Canada?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barabasch, Antje; Watt-Malcolm, Bonnie

    2013-01-01

    Germany's vocational education and training (VET) and corresponding teacher-education programmes are known worldwide for their integrated framework. Government legislation unifies companies, unions and vocational schools, and specifies the education and training required for students as well as vocational teachers. Changing from the Diplom…

  16. 38 CFR 21.6001 - Temporary vocational training program for certain pension recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Temporary vocational training program for certain pension recipients. 21.6001 Section 21.6001 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans... Program of Vocational Training for Certain New Pension Recipients General § 21.6001 Temporary vocational...

  17. Vocational Dual Education System: comparison between the German model and the new Spanish vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Rego Agraso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The German dual system of vocational training has been object of transfer in some countries all over the world, among them Spain. Indeed, in this article we try to clarify the key elements in the adapting process of this Dual System to our country, analyzing its chances of success. To do this, we contribute a descriptive study of the main elements of the German Dual System. Then, the focus will be in the changes in our country, from the LOMCE project to the legislation governing apprenticeship and training. As a kind of discussion, we pretend to clarify how cultural and organizational elements of the production system have a strongly influence in the chances of success on the Vocational Training reform policy initiatives. Finally, we completed a series of proposals for action that would contribute to the employment and an increase in the qualification among Spanish young people.

  18. The Conceptual Model of Future Teachers Training to Dual Education in VET (Vocational Education & Training)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zholdasbekova, Saule; Nurzhanbayeva, Zhanat; Karatayev, Galymzhan; Akhmet, Laura Smatullaevna; Anarmetov, Bahitzhan

    2016-01-01

    In the article the author presents the theoretical understanding of research problems of training of the future teachers-organizers of the dual training system in vocational education & training (VET) in the conditions of the credit technology of education. The author's vision of way to solve the problem is discussed in the description of the…

  19. Practitioner Expectations and Experiences with the Certificate IV in Training and Assessment (TAA40104). A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Meyers, Dave; Bateman, Andrea; Bluer, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The Certificate IV in Training and Assessment (TAA40104) is seen as the standard entry-level teaching qualification in the vocational education and training (VET) sector. The qualification is widely accepted and well supported as an essential requirement for VET practitioners. However, it has been criticised in relation to its ability to provide…

  20. Vocational Education and Zakat: The Case Study of Punjab Vocational Training Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal M. KHAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to explore the prospect of teaching Entrepreneurship Education to those who acquire vocational skills at Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC. It is also to explore whether PVTC has promoted entrepreneurship through its vocational training institutes located all over Punjab. This study also deals with the concept of utilization of ‘Zakat' for the purpose of vocational education as a mode for possible replication. The research objective has been to follow the progress of this institution. It has also been to record the successes of this model of a public-private ownership, a model of utilizing the ‘Zakat' to fund education projects, a value based organization, a learning organization and a highly innovative institution. The other objective is to explore the evidence of entrepreneurship education and its effectiveness in PVTC. Literature has been reviewed on vocational training and entrepreneurship education. It also reviews experience and evidence of such practice prevailing in other environment. Combined with this is the review and conceptualization of a model based on ‘zakat'. Research Methodology used is basically qualitative; data has been collected through semi structured intensive interviews and from focus groups of stakeholders. The strategies adopted to collect data in this study are “survey”, “case study” and “grounded theory.” The data collected from semi structured interviews were concluded by thematic analysis, analyzing technique of writing reports from data. NVivo software was utilized for triangulation to reduce the data bias and increase validity by comparing primary and secondary data. The findings of this research have been that the pedagogical skills offered by PVTC's are not effective for entrepreneurial potential development. Work is required for entrepreneurial curriculum development and training of PVTCs' instructors, students and practitioners. The research also reveals

  1. Blended Learning in the Vocational Education and Training System in Tanzania: Understanding Vocational Educators’ Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haruni J. Machumu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In a constructivist world of teaching and learning, opportunities to acquire and develop the knowledge and practical skills necessary to design, establish, and deploy blended learning in vocational education and training (VET programs delivery is a labour-market-driven. The paper examines VET educator’s pleas about the need for the design, adoption and deployment of blended learning in VET programs delivery in Tanzania. A single case study design with an in-depth interview and focus group discussion was conducted with 15 VET educators in three VET colleges in both Morogoro and Dar es Salaam regions. Snowball and purposive sampling were used to obtain sample respondents. For the data analysis, content analysis was employed to condense data obtained from interviews and focus group discussion. It was found that continuous professional development, institutional arrangements, and support should be provided online to facilitate the design, adoption and use of blended learning in VET. We recommend that locally designed blended learning should be relevant to the environment of both students and teachers. In reality, the interplay between blended learning, imparting knowledge and practical skills remain the key focus of future research.

  2. Collaborative Business Planning in Initial Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laine, Kati; Hämäläinen, Raija

    2015-01-01

    There is a growing demand to enhance entrepreneurship. This study aims at producing knowledge that can assist teachers in designing and supporting collaborative learning of entrepreneurship in vocational education. A qualitative case study approach was adopted. The outcome of this study provides a better understanding of the factors that hinder…

  3. Congressional District Schools: Forerunner of Federally Supported Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, John

    1989-01-01

    Before the Smith-Hughes Act, Congressional district agricultural schools in Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia provided an early example of federal support for vocational agriculture. Although agricultural instruction was included, these schools were in reality comprehensive high schools that set precedents for subsequent agricultural curricula. (SK)

  4. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Sustainable Development through Agricultural. Education. ... This paper therefore focused on the ... this backdrop that this paper seeks to highlight the relevance of TVET ... products. 3. Training in basic literacy, numeracy and life skills should.

  5. Pre-Vocational Training in Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses prevocational education in Saudi Arabia: separate schools for boys and girls, primary school curriculum, factors contributing to academic failure and dropout rates, prevocational training centers, educational facilities, program restructuring, and curriculum revitalization. (CT)

  6. 20 CFR 638.600 - Applied vocational skills training (VST) through work projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) The Job Corps Director shall establish procedures for administering applied vocational skills training... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applied vocational skills training (VST..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Applied...

  7. Reconstructing Vocational Education and Training for the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Hyland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The unfavorable comparisons between English and European vocational education and training (VET systems made in the Wolf Report—and indeed in many national reviews of VET in Britain since the Royal Commission on Technical Education reported in 1884—point toward the low status of vocational pursuits in the United Kingdom compared with that in Continental Europe and elsewhere. In the light of these cultural differences, it is unlikely that structural, funding, or curriculum reforms alone will succeed in enhancing VET provision without corresponding changes in the value foundation of vocational studies. The reconstruction of VET requires a re-orientation of its foundational values if the reforms proposed by Wolf and others are to have any chance of lasting success. By the same token—although European and other national systems have their own peculiar problems—the global policy agenda concerned only with cognitive outcomes expressed as behaviorist skills and competences is, arguably, unlikely to meet the key challenges. A reconstructed model of VET needs to foreground the values, craft, and aesthetic features of vocationalism if the perennial problems are to be dealt with adequately. A reconstruction plan is suggested below, informed and inspired by the concept of “mindfulness”—non-judgmental, present-moment attention, and awareness—drawn from Buddhist contemplative traditions. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs in areas such as psychology, psychotherapy, medical science, and education have grown exponentially over the last decade or so, and interesting work is now emerging in relation to the value of mindfulness in workplace training.

  8. Representing Swiss Vocational Education and Training Teachers' Domain-Specific Conceptions of Financial Literacy Using Concept Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leumann, Seraina

    2017-01-01

    Issues related to financial matters are an integral component of the curricula in vocational education and training in Switzerland. However, the differences between students' competences are caused not only by the curricula but by multiple factors. One key factor is teachers' characteristics that support successful learning processes. Teachers'…

  9. A virtual reality-based vocational training system (VRVTS) for people with schizophrenia in vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Mayie M Y; Man, David W K

    2013-03-01

    Employment provides schizophrenic patients with a positive identity and hope. Cognitive impairments have been suggested to slow down the progress in work rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of VR as a cognitive intervention for enhancing vocational outcomes. 95 inpatients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to a virtual reality-based vocational training group (VRG), a therapist-administered group (TAG) and a conventional group (CG). Twenty-five of them in each group had completed the study. Their performances were evaluated, before and after interventions, by Brief Neuropsychological Cognitive Examination, Digit Vigilance Test, Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale. Patients in the VRG were found to perform better than patients in the TAG and CG in cognitive functioning, as shown by the WCST-percentage of error (F (2, 72)=7.146, p<0.001) and the WCST-percentage of conceptual level response (F (2, 72)=8.722, p<0.001). The post-hoc test revealed that the VRG showed a better performance than both the TAG (p=0.03) and the CG (p<0.001) in the WCST-percentage of error. The VRG also showed a better performance than patients in both the TAG (p=0.01) and the CG (p<0.001) in the WCST-percentage of conceptual level response. The VRG also showed a better self-efficacy score than CG. Both VRG and TAG showed a better work performance as reflected by the on-site tests. Further studies on the use of VR in schizophrenia rehabilitation and for vocational success are discussed.

  10. Initial Vocational Training from a Company Perspective: A Comparison of British and German In-House Training Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilz, Matthias

    2009-01-01

    Vocational training and skills are playing an increasingly important role in the developed economies. However, both the vocational education structure and the underlying philosophy and culture of education and training vary from country to country. What is clear, though, is that employers play a crucial role in all cases; this paper explores the…

  11. Making the Hidden Curriculum the Formal Curriculum: Vocational Training in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraak, Andre

    1991-01-01

    Critical analysis of the ideological character of vocational training initiatives implemented in South Africa, 1976-89, and comparison to "new vocationalism" in Great Britain suggest that South African training programs aim to instill capitalist values and stabilize labor relations while doing little to improve Black participation in the…

  12. Perceptions of Vocational Training with Elementary Special Education Students: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Beth A.; Williams, Kashunda L.

    2011-01-01

    The present study sought to determine the perceived utility of initiating vocational training in primary education by implementing a student-operated restaurant. Specifically, this study examined the extent to which vocational education training affected school professionals', parents', and elementary special education students' perceptions of…

  13. Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Peace Education: Solomon Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maebuta, Jack

    2011-01-01

    Technical and vocational education and training programs as a form of peace education are examined in this paper. It explores the notion of educating for a culture of peace through refocusing technical and vocational education and training programs on sustainable community development in the Solomon Islands. It further highlights the policy and…

  14. Repositioning Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for Youths Employment and National Security in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogbunaya, T. C.; Udoudo, Ekereobong S.

    2015-01-01

    The paper focused on repositioning Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for youth's employment and national security in Nigeria. It examined briefly the concepts of technical vocational education and training (TVET), youths, unemployment and national security as well as the effects of unemployment on national security in Nigeria.…

  15. Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Peace Education: Solomon Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maebuta, Jack

    2011-01-01

    Technical and vocational education and training programs as a form of peace education are examined in this paper. It explores the notion of educating for a culture of peace through refocusing technical and vocational education and training programs on sustainable community development in the Solomon Islands. It further highlights the policy and…

  16. Apprenticeship, Vocational Training, and Early Labor Market Outcomes--Evidence from East and West Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riphahn, Regina T.; Zibrowius, Michael

    2016-01-01

    We study the returns to apprenticeship and vocational training for three early labor market outcomes all measured at age 25 for East and West German youths: non-employment (i.e. unemployment or out of the labor force), permanent fulltime employment, and wages. We find strong positive effects of apprenticeship and vocational training. There are no…

  17. Dualism and Vocational Education and Training: Creating the People Who Require Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoellner, Don

    2012-01-01

    Governments in advanced liberal democracies have assigned Vocational Education and Training (VET) a critical role in preparing a productive workforce for the broader economy. This linkage opens the way to use economic theories to expand the understanding of VET. Noted economic theorists have described the use of one economic reductionist technique…

  18. TRENDS IN VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF PHARMACISTS IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana Reva

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In the article there has been substantiated the practicality of analysing trends emerging in the contemporary vocational training system of pharmacists-to-be in higher medical education in Ukraine, which resulted from the requirements of the state to train competitive specialists in pharmacy in the labor market and from the demands of society in ensuring efficient and effective pharmacotherapy along with prevention of the population from the diseases. Methods: In the article there have been used theoretical methods – the method of theoretical and comparative analysis to do the review of the works of scientists on the development of pharmaceutical education in Ukraine for the period of formation and development of its sovereignty; the synthesis method for grouping trends occurring in the modern pharmaceutical industry of Ukraine, which, at present, are the reflection in modelling educational process of vocational training of pharmacists in the domestic higher educational institutions. Results: While doing the synthesis of information sources on the development of pharmaceutical education in Ukraine for the period of establishment and development of its sovereignty, there have been specified, substantiated and characterised the leading trends in the development of modern pharmaceutical industry of Ukraine, which, at present, are the reflected in modelling the educational process of vocational training of pharmacists in the domestic higher educational institutions. In the opinion of the author of the article those trends are as follows: 1 strengthening the moral principles of training for the pharmaceutical industry of Ukraine, which are based on ethics to follow in a pharmacist profession, in a communicative interaction with people needing advice of specialists-pharmacists; 2 orientation to European standards of pharmacy, which are based on high standards of customer service, an increase of social responsibility to society for the

  19. Estudy of the values for the employability in vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemente Rodríguez Sabiote

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In a moment of economic crisis where the percentage of unemployed from among 20 to 30 years in Spain is very worrying, the youth should be more prepared that never for its insertion to the labor market, with the desire added of a lasting and worthy employment. Because of these reflections is born our desire to carry out an empirical investigation relating tothe Regulated vocational training adolescents employability of the Province of Granada whose studies be on the verge of finalizing and whose labor expectations are uncertain. But, ¿This youth is prepared to agree to this market?, ¿The form in which the life be planted is facilitated it or is complicated it?, ¿What importance they have the demands of the employers for this collective one? Through our investigation we observe up to what point affects and even what point they are prepared to agree to the labor market and we propose a series of interesting educational and pedagogical applications for the centers of vocational training.

  20. The Reforming of Vocational Teacher Training Colleges in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çavuşoğlu, Abdullah; Günay, Durmuş

    In Turkey, for many decades college level technical education has been in the form of two main tracks: namely the "Faculty of Engineering" and the "Faculty of Technical Education". The Faculties of Engineering are very similar to engineering schools and colleges around the world; they train engineering students. The "Faculties of Technical Education" are similar to the "Schools of Applied Sciences" that many European countries have. The graduates of these schools are either employed at high schools as teachers at technical or vocational high schools, self employed or employed at other governmental organizations as technical staff. Due to the employability problems that the graduates of these schools have faced in recent years and the suggestions made by the The Council of the Higher Education of Turkey (CoHE), Turkish parliament has recently took a decision to close down these colleges and open new colleges called "Faculty of Technology" in November of 2009. According to the CoHE, these new faculties will train engineering students. The graduates of these faculties can also become teachers at the technical or vocational high schools if they get teaching certificate. This paper discusses the content, outlook, and prospects of this recent reform.

  1. A new Model of Vocational Education and Training in Brasov County

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan, M.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to describe the vocational system and its benefits from both the economic and social perspective, and analyze its implementation in Romania, the German Vocational School Kronstadt being the first vocational school in our country. The results of the research at the Schaeffler Romania company, the top economic agent that provides the practical training for many students involved in this educational system, have emphasized the specific contributions of vocational education and training which are beneficial not only for students but also for the company itself, as well as for the entire society.

  2. Game play in vocational training and engineering education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjarne A. Foss

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Educational games may create a new and improved learning culture by drawing advantage of the new knowledge and skills of today’s students obtained from extensive use of interactive game software. This paper presents a design basis and online learning resources taking advantage of game-related features like a high degree of interactivity, attractive graphics, a dynamical virtual universe, and an incentive system to promote prolonged and more advanced use. The educational resources, denoted PIDstop, are targeted towards the engineering domain. Feedback from over 2000 users clearly indicates that PIDstop has a positive learning effect. Training packages for vocational training of Automation Technicians is emphasized in this paper. Such learning resources must have a limited mathematical complexity; hence, the representation should be rather descriptive. Evaluation of learning resources to assess the actual learning effect is important, and a two-step procedure based on formative and summative evaluation is proposed for this purpose.

  3. Investigation on the Status Quo of Migrant Workers’ Motivation for Vocational Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhua; HE; Lu; ZUO

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of migrant workers’motivation for training is of significant importance to promote the vocational training effectiveness.The survey study of 626 migrant workers in Guangdong province identified that occupational development motivation is the most intensive,followed by the social environment and job responsibility while cognitive interest and interrelationship are among the least.Therefore,the authors suggest that appropriate guidance should be conducted to facilitate migrant workers’motivation in vocational training participation,and vocational training design and management should be delivered on the basis of motivation features.

  4. Occupational safety training and practices in selected vocational training institutions and workplaces in Kampala, Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kintu, Denis; Kyakula, Michael; Kikomeko, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Several industrial accidents, some of them fatal, have been reported in Uganda. Causes could include training gaps in vocational training institutions (VTIs) and workplaces. This study investigated how occupational safety training in VTIs and workplaces is implemented. The study was carried out in five selected VTIs and workplaces in Kampala. Data were collected from instructors, workshop technicians, students, workshop managers, production supervisors, machine operators and new technicians in the workplaces. A total of 35 respondents participated in the study. The results revealed that all curricula in VTIs include a component of safety but little is practiced in VTI workshops; in workplaces no specific training content was followed and there were no regular consultations between VTIs and industry on safety skills requirements, resulting in a mismatch in safety skills training. The major constraints to safety training include inadequate funds to purchase safety equipment and inadequate literature on safety.

  5. Still a Perfect Model? The Gender Impact of Vocational Training in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haasler, Simone R.; Gottschall, Karin

    2015-01-01

    Reconstructing the parallel structure of "dual" and "school-based" vocational routes reveals the close connection between the German vocational training system and the segmentation of the labour market by gender. The example of jobs in childcare and pre-primary education shows that the legacy of semi-professionalism in these…

  6. Attitudes of Irish dental graduates to vocational training.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McKenna, G

    2010-05-01

    Vocational training (VT) is a mandatory 12 month period for UK dental graduates after graduation. Graduates of Irish Dental Schools are eligible to enter the general dental service in Ireland or obtain an NHS performers list number in the UK immediately after qualification. Reports would suggest that some graduates of Irish Dental Schools are choosing to take part in VT in the UK and find the experience beneficial. This study aimed to record the uptake of VT amongst recent graduates from University College Cork and to document their experiences. It was designed to compare the attitudes and experiences of graduates of Irish Dental Schools who undertook VT compared with those who entered the general dental service.

  7. DoD Needs to Improve Vocational Training Efforts to Develop the Afghan National Security Forces Infrastructure Maintenance Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    level (apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman ) in each facility maintenance trade and stated that training will continue until the students demonstrate...11A performance standard for a vocational skill level could be an apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman . A vocation type for

  8. Neoliberal Economic Markets in Vocational Education and Training: Shifts in Perceptions and Practices in Private Vocational Education and Training in Melbourne, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasura, Rinos

    2014-01-01

    This article argues that the adoption of the competitive Vocational Education and Training (VET) markets in Australia resulted in shifts in institutional perceptions and practices. Using situated experiences and perspectives from quality assurance auditors, training managers, international students and VET teachers from seven commercial for-profit…

  9. Technical Education and Vocational Training in Central Africa. Feasibility Survey of the Regional Development of Rapid Vocational Training: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, and Gabon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organization for Rehabilitation through Training, Geneva (Switzerland).

    This final report is the result of a survey requested by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and undertaken by the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT) of four countries (Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, and Gabon) and a conference on vocational training sponsored by the Economic and Customs…

  10. Advanced cardiac life support training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despott, Edward J; Schreiber, Florian

    2010-01-01

    The OMED/ESGE consensus statements of the International Symposium on Sedation in Endoscopy, Athens, September 2009, in keeping with guidelines and position statements published by other societies, underline the need for sedation providers to be adequately trained in dealing with scenarios involving patients in respiratory and/or cardiovascular distress. This training should prepare the sedation provider with the necessary acumen to prevent, recognize and remedy sedation-related emergencies. Life support training that adheres to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) guidelines should be a mandatory component of this instruction that should be governed by formal assessment and quality assurance reappraisal.

  11. 77 FR 41391 - Final Priority; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... Network, including Regional Technical Assistance and Continuing Education (TACE) Centers to disseminate... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Final Priority; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation and...

  12. Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

    2013-01-01

    In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

  13. Enhancing Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Nigeria for Sustainable Development: Competency-Based Training (CBT) Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoye, K. R. E.; Michael, Ofonmbuk Isaac

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to examine the concept of Competency-Based Training (CBT) as a veritable mode of delivery of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and at the same time highlights some of the strengths and weaknesses of implementing competency-base training. The characteristics, principles and benefits of CBT were also x-rayed.…

  14. 34 CFR 428.1 - What is the Bilingual Vocational Instructor Training Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... training programs for limited English proficient individuals. (Authority: 20 U.S.C. 2441(b)) ... Program? 428.1 Section 428.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education... TRAINING PROGRAM General § 428.1 What is the Bilingual Vocational Instructor Training Program?...

  15. Employer Engagement with the Vocational Education and Training System in Australia. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanwick, John

    2009-01-01

    This paper is a review of literature on employer engagement with vocational education and training (VET). The main conclusion is that the major form of engagement is through the competency-based training system, which is manifested through training packages. Another way employers are encouraged to engage with VET is through competition amongst…

  16. Internationalisation of Vocational Education and Training: An Adapting Curve for Teachers and Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ly Thi

    2013-01-01

    Competency-based training and training packages are mandatory for Australian vocational education and training (VET). VET qualifications are designed to provide learners with skills, knowledge, and attributes required for Australian workplaces. Yet, toward the end of December 2011, there were 171,237 international student enrolments in the…

  17. Innovative Approaches to Vocational Education Teachers′ Training Within the Educational Space of European Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marynchenko Yevhenii

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the main approaches to content, forms and methods of training future teachers of vocational education in Europe. It has been found that the structure and content according to national traditions and European standards have led to success of European vocational education. It has been proved that training is practiceoriented, has a solid fundamental basis and is interdisciplinary, effectively contributes to the forming of a professional outlook. We have identified common trends in training teachers of vocational education: flexible training programs based on a broad concept of competence and establishment of closer links between education institutions and research laboratories; greater attention to quality control through a large diversity in the education content; increasing autonomy of education institutions that widens their perspectives, obligatory research and innovation projects within training of future vocational education teachers, diversity of forms and methods of professional training that develops creative innovative thinking, the importance of using ICTs in the training. All these aspects prove innovative nature of European education and great opportunities for training future vocational education teachers′ readiness for creative professional activity.

  18. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  19. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  20. Bridging the Gap between Work and Education in Vocational Education and Training: A study of Norwegian Apprenticeship Training Offices and E-portfolio Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hæge Nore

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gap between work and education, they seem to maintain a system of two parallel learning arenas. However, the article summarizes the innovative effects of these transformations as supportive structures for expansive apprenticeship. The study is based on data from a national project on quality assessment, which is supported by documentary evidence from e-portfolios in three different trades: plumbing, industrial mechanics and sales.

  1. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  2. Use of Support Personnel in Vocational Rehabilitation, A Training Guide. Report of the Committee on Effective Utilization of the Rehabilitation Counselor and Supporting Staff. Rehabilitation Service Series Number 69-13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Harry; Wolfe, Richard R.

    This study investigates the use of specialized staff in less than a professional capacity to support the work of the rehabilitation counselor and the on-going relationship with a client. It specifically concerned the implications of using rehabilitation aides, definitions of the roles and functions of rehabilitation aides, qualification…

  3. The Role of Vocational Education and Training in the Labour Market Outcomes of People with Disabilities. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polidano, Cain; Mavromaras, Kostas

    2010-01-01

    Low levels of education generally among people with a disability is one of the factors contributing to their lower rate of labour market participation. What role vocational education and training (VET) plays in ameliorating this is the focus of this report. Using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia surveys, the report…

  4. RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PANORAMA OF MODERNIZATION OF TRAINING TEACHERS OF CONTINUOUS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Dorozhkin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Nowadays, there is no evidence-based strategy of upgrade of system of preparation of pedagogical personnel for continuous professional education in the Russian Federation. At the same time, scientists recognize that smoothly running regular high-quality replenishment of education by the skilled heads and teachers having fundamental psychology and pedagogical knowledge and being specialists in one of economic industries has crucial importance for successful development of post-industrial society. Hence, the need for creation of multichannel system of professional and pedagogical preparation has emerged.The aim of the present publication is to provide the complex overview of problems of reforming of professional pedagogical education and to show possible ways of their decision.Methods. The methodological basis of the study involves the concept of professional development of an individual; the thesis on the integration of the system-based, process and project approaches; the principles for the development of professional pedagogical education. Panoramic approach to the discussed problems of modernization of professional and pedagogical school has defined the logic of our research.Results. Psychological and pedagogical problems of professional education are analysed. Multidimensional metaprofessional qualities of teachers of vocational school are considered. The conceptual model of vocational structure of preparation of pedagogical personnel is developed for the system of continuous professional education.The debatable aspect of the research is reflected in the project of a psychological and pedagogical platform – the autonomous modular educational program including massive open online courses, management systems of educational process, supports of innovative infrastructure of education, humanitarian technologies of high education.Practical significance. The vocational structure of training of teachers of vocational

  5. Perceived Social Support and Locus of Control as the Predictors of Vocational Outcome Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isik, Erkan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of vocational outcome expectation to social support which is an environmental factor and locus of control which is a personal factor. With this purpose, using Social Cognitive Career Theory as the theoretical framework, 263 undergraduate students completed Vocational Outcome Expectations…

  6. A Review of Twenty Years of Competency-Based Training in the Australian Vocational Education and Training System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erica

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the author reflects, both as an academic researcher and as a senior practitioner, on the experience of competency-based training (CBT) in the Australian vocational education and training system. She seeks to draw conclusions about the Australian experience using a typology drawn from the academic literature which focuses on the…

  7. QUALITY PERCEPTIONS IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION – THE PERSPECTIVE OF TRAINING WHILE PROVIDING A SERVICE

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The present article is intended to evaluate the quality of training and initial vocational qualification of young people, of professional courses secondary levels, with school accreditation and professional qualification of level IV. In that sense, it´s intended to know the perspective of students of professional courses in various areas of knowledge, their perceptions and expectations about the quality observed in a vocational education organization in Alentejo – Portugal through...

  8. AN EVALUATION OF LEARNING OUTCOMES OF WORKPLACE TRAINING OF STUDENTS IN VOCATIONAL COLLEGES

    OpenAIRE

    Adigüzel, Oktay Cem

    2009-01-01

    In our education life, most of us do not question sufficiently what, how much, and how we learn and what we need to learn. Education life in schools might be limited to certificates received without answering these questions fully. It seems difficult to expect success without answering these question in practical training at industrial institutions which are important for vocational education,. In vocational and technical education,it is important to reach an overlap between the learning ou...

  9. The Contribution of Vocational Training to Employment, Job-Related Skills and Productivity: Evidence from Madeira

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budria, Santiago; Telhado-Pereira, Pedro

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we analyse the transition to the labor market of participants in vocational training in Madeira in Portugal. The analysis is in two stages. First, we investigate how the employment status at different dates (1 month, 1 year, and 2 years after the completion of the training program) depends on relevant variables, such as age, gender,…

  10. Despite Its Many Benefits, Vocational Education and Training Lacks Esteem. Briefing Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2011

    2011-01-01

    While the benefits of education have been widely researched, little attention has been paid to the specific benefits of vocational education and training (VET). These benefits are shared by individuals and enterprises as well as the economy and society more generally. Training provided by an enterprise increases workers' satisfaction and increases…

  11. A Skills beyond School Review of Switzerland. OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazekas, Mihaly; Field, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of a changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? This report…

  12. A Skills beyond School Review of the Slovak Republic. OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazekas, Mihály; Kurekova, Lucia Mytna

    2016-01-01

    Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. What type of training is needed to meet the needs of changing economies? How should the programmes be funded? How should they be linked to academic and university programmes? How can employers and unions be engaged? The country…

  13. Community Integration for Disabled People. A New Approach to Their Vocational Training and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momm, Willi; Koenig, Andreas

    1989-01-01

    Community-based rehabilitation for disabled people has proved to have serious shortcomings, especially in terms of vocational training. The broader concept of community integration programs involves disabled people and local institutions in training and employment efforts to integrate the disabled into normal community life. (SK)

  14. Government-Funded Students and Courses, 2015. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2016

    2016-01-01

    This publication provides a summary of 2015 and time-series data relating to students, programs, subjects, training providers and funding in Australia's government-funded vocational education and training (VET) system (broadly defined as all activity delivered by government providers and government-funded activity delivered by community education…

  15. Evaluating Vocational Educators' Training Programs: A Kirkpatrick-Inspired Evaluation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravicchio, Fabrizio; Trentin, Guglielmo

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article is to describe the assessment model adopted by the SCINTILLA Project, a project in Italy aimed at the online vocational training of young, seriously-disabled subjects and their subsequent work inclusion in smart-work mode. It will thus describe the model worked out for evaluation of the training program conceived for the…

  16. Vocational Education and Training and Employer Engagement: An Industry-Led Sectoral System in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Johnny

    2010-01-01

    The overall objective of this paper is to determine, through a qualitative case study of the Dutch sectoral training system, factors associated with successful employer engagement. As well as examining the key features of the Dutch approach to vocational education and training (VET), the article makes a number of specific arguments: (1) employer…

  17. A comparative study of classroom and online distance modes of official vocational education and training.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Vicente López Soblechero

    Full Text Available The study discussed in this paper had two principal objectives. The first was to evaluate the distance model of official vocational education and training offered by means of a virtual learning platform. The second was to establish that both on-site classroom and online distance modes of vocational education and training can be seen as complementary in terms of responding to the majority of modern educational needs. We performed a comparative study using data and results gathered over the course of eleven academic years for 1,133 of our students enrolled in an official vocational education and training program, leading to the awarding of a certificate as an Administrative Management Expert. The classes were offered by the Alfonso de Avellaneda Vocational Education and Training School, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, Spain. We offered classes both in traditional classroom mode and through online distance learning. This paper begins with a descriptive analysis of the variables we studied; inferential statistical techniques are subsequently applied in order to study the relationships that help form the basis for the conclusions reached. This study's results provide evidence that a broad offering of vocational education and training opportunities will facilitate access to such learning for students who require it, regardless of their age, employment status, or personal circumstances, with the online distance mode playing a fundamental role while also yielding results equivalent to those observed for classroom instruction.

  18. A comparative study of classroom and online distance modes of official vocational education and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López Soblechero, Miguel Vicente; González Gaya, Cristina; Hernández Ramírez, Juan José

    2014-01-01

    The study discussed in this paper had two principal objectives. The first was to evaluate the distance model of official vocational education and training offered by means of a virtual learning platform. The second was to establish that both on-site classroom and online distance modes of vocational education and training can be seen as complementary in terms of responding to the majority of modern educational needs. We performed a comparative study using data and results gathered over the course of eleven academic years for 1,133 of our students enrolled in an official vocational education and training program, leading to the awarding of a certificate as an Administrative Management Expert. The classes were offered by the Alfonso de Avellaneda Vocational Education and Training School, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, Spain. We offered classes both in traditional classroom mode and through online distance learning. This paper begins with a descriptive analysis of the variables we studied; inferential statistical techniques are subsequently applied in order to study the relationships that help form the basis for the conclusions reached. This study's results provide evidence that a broad offering of vocational education and training opportunities will facilitate access to such learning for students who require it, regardless of their age, employment status, or personal circumstances, with the online distance mode playing a fundamental role while also yielding results equivalent to those observed for classroom instruction.

  19. HANARO user support and training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Shin Ae; Kim, K. Y.; Kim, B. K. (and others)

    2008-06-15

    This project is aimed to support external users for the effective use of HANARO. The total number of projects selected as the beneficiary of the supporting program by MEST was 21 including this project in this year. We supported 2,339 hr measurements for the 31 requests of the 14 projects selected on the field of neutron beam utilization. In the field of materials and nuclear fuel irradiation test the 3 projects were selected and supported for 80 samples. In the fields of neutron activation analysis and radioisotope production the number of selected and supported projects were 1 and 2 respectively. In order to broaden potential user base, maximize instrument utilization, and enhance cooperation with industries, universities and institutes, practice-oriented HANARO user training courses were held for neutron beam utilization and materials and nuclear fuel irradiation fields. In the fields of neutron activation analysis 3 times training courses were held for the university students. The online neutron beam time allocation system was developed and applied successfully for the HRPD in this year. We are planing to apply this system to other neutron beam instruments in the near future. This project is a kind of the user-based supporting program for the maximize of HANARO utilization. The development products and the ideas and suggestions of users obtained through this projects will be collected and applied to the development of next new facilities. Also, by using the 'HANARO utilization and research information management system(HANARO4U)' we construct the research network among users at industries, universities and institutes. This network is expected to increase HANARO utilization and enhance productivity of the facilities.

  20. Comparative Analysis of Future Cooks’ Training in Vocational Institutions in Ukraine and Abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kankovsky Ihor

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with comparative analysis of conceptual approaches and content of cooks’ training in Ukraine, European countries, the USA and Eastern Partnership countries. It has been found out that national vocational education is grounded on education standards and activity-based approach to forming the training content, subject-based structure of curricula and, surely, needs to become competency-based. It has been revealed that in Eastern Partnership countries there is a normative base of cooks’ vocational training and it is accorded with the competency-based approach. However, such states as the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan implement study programs for training cooks in traditional institutions of formal vocational training of Post-Soviet type. At the same time, the training of future cooks in European countries is mainly oriented toward the concept of continuing education and is variable, multilevel, wide-profile, at most approximated to the needs of catering trade. The level-based curricula and dual system of cooks’ training in vocational schools of France, Austria and Italy have been characterized. In addition, the authors have defined the common feature of professional practical training of cooks in culinary schools in the USA, that is its organization under the conditions of real production that ensures a wide professional competency of future cooks, their acquiring knowledge and skills needed for professional activity. It has been concluded that positive aspects of foreign experience may assist in defining prognostic directions for the development of cooks’ vocational training in Ukraine.

  1. Economic Modelling and the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training

    OpenAIRE

    Meagher, G.A.; B.R. Parmenter

    1996-01-01

    In 1994, the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) was established by agreement between the Commonwealth, State and Territory governments. Central to the agreement is the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training (VET) which is organized around the four main themes of responsiveness, quality, accessibility and efficiency. To promote efficiency in the allocation of training resources, ANTA and a number of State government agencies responsible for VET planning take into ac...

  2. Studying Girls’ Opportunities to the Variation of the Field in Qom Vocational Training

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This study has been done to review of the girls’ opportunity to the variation of the field in Qom vocational training branch. The sample consisted of 318 female students of vocational training in the 2010-2011 school years which selected in random, cluster, class and a structured questionnaire was completed by them with 0.78 as reliability coefficient. The study shows that only 33.4 percent of girls in the industry have the opportunity to select their profession. There is a 95 percent of conf...

  3. The Role of Marketing in Adult Permanent Vocational Training in the Context of the Current Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geanina COLAN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of permanent vocational training is important in sustaining thevocational conversion of the working class. A change of views and mentality isdesirable regarding vocational training, in the sense that people need to be moreaware of the importance of permanent learning, more motivated in order tobroaden their horizon and more willing to develop their professional skills. Thelabour market in Romania has suffered important changes due to the economictransition process, which has been materialized especially on the level ofreducing the number of active workers and of employees, thus maintaining arelatively constant rate of unemployment and affecting the labour marketingespecially by a limited number of jobs.

  4. The Reasons for the Interruption of Vocational Training in Estonian Vocational Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beilmann, Mai; Espenberg, Kerly

    2016-01-01

    Dropping out of school before achieving any qualification is a serious problem both at an individual and societal level. This study provides an insight into the lives of young people who have dropped out or are at a risk of dropping out of vocational schools in Estonia and gives an overview of the reasons behind the interruption of their studies.…

  5. The Phoenix: Vocational Education and Training in Singapore. International Comparative Study of Leading Vocational Education Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Marc S.

    2012-01-01

    This is the first in a series of reports from the Center on International Education Benchmarking (CIEB) exploring the leading vocational and technical education systems from around the world to draw out what makes these systems great and what other countries can learn from them. This first report was based on a visit of several days to Singapore…

  6. Re-Contextualizing Vocational Didactics in Norwegian Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nore, Haege

    2015-01-01

    This article explores teachers and trainers didactical practices in different contexts in Norwegian VET: schools and workplaces. With the introduction of e-resources and e-portfolios in VET, learners as well as teachers and trainers experience a more hybrid learning-arena, which claims for a re-contextualization of vocational didactics as well as…

  7. Research on Strengthening and Improving Social Vocational Skills Training Mechanism%加强完善社会职业技能培训机制的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜树杰; 李炜; 侯晓静

    2016-01-01

    vocational skill training is an important constituent part of labor and social protection work and takes the important responsibility for strengthening the worker qualities and promoting eco‐nomic and social development .To strengthen and improve the social vocational skill training mechanism shall face and solve the problems existing in the current vocational skill training work . During the process of strengthening the fundamental capability establishment of vocational skill training and impro‐ving the modern vocational skill training mechanism ,it shall be highlighted to accelerate the modern vo‐cational education ,support and help the vocational education development so as to ensure every student to become talented and excellent .%职业技能培训是劳动和社会保障工作的重要组成部分,承担着增强劳动者的素质和促进经济与社会发展的重任。加强和完善社会职业技能培训机制应正视和解决当前职业技能培训工作中存在的问题,在加强职业技能培训基础能力建设,健全完善现代职业技能培训机制的探索中把加快发展现代职业教育摆在更加突出的位置,更好支持和帮助职业教育发展,为人人成才,人人出彩提供保障。

  8. Forms of School Experience in France's Vocational Training Track Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capdevielle-Mougnibas, Valérie; Courtinat-Camps, Amélie

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the existing relations between the social background, the cognitive skills, the sense of schooling experience, the relation to learning and the professional project in the construction of the meaning of their course choice for French boys living in working-class families and guided to vocational studies. It presents the…

  9. Oversight Report on Nontraditional Vocational Training for Female Inmates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State House of Representatives, Tallahassee.

    In January 1993, Florida's Correctional Education School Authority (CESA) studied the vocational interests of 125 randomly selected female inmates at the 3 female state correctional facilities in Florida. After two additional informal studies, an interim oversight review was conducted to determine the following: whether CESA was in compliance with…

  10. Towards competence-based technical-vocational education and training in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Solomon, Getachew Habtamu

    2016-01-01

    In the human development effort, different countries are underscoring the role of technical-vocational education and training (TVET) in providing relevant knowledge and skills to improve productivity, increase access to employment opportunities and raise the standard of living. It is in recognition

  11. Vocational education and training (VET) as a career path for young people

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kersh, Natasha; Juul, Ida

    This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the issues of perceptions and motivations of young people towards Vocational Education and Training (VET) in England and Denmark. It specifically focuses on factors that facilitate their either positive or negative attitudes. Complex...... in Knowledge Economies and Societies (LLAKES)....

  12. Report on the Vocational Education and Training in Bosnia and Herzegovina. National Observatory Country Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabucar, Abdulah; Gakovic, Aleksandra; Hadrovic, Armin; Prohaska, Donald; Dokic, Gordana; Vlasic, Marija; Markotic, Mario; Mandic, Milena; Merlo, Mira; Praso, Murat; Jovic, Nebojsa; Leto, Ramiz; Sarajcic, Sahrudin; Mulac, Salih; Vlasic, Silvio; Numic, Suada; Licina, Svetozar; Gakovic, Vojislav

    The state of the vocational education and training (VET) system in Bosnia and Herzegovina was reviewed to identify needed changes in policy and practice. The analysis focused on the following topics: (1) existing socioeconomic conditions; (2) existing labor market policies and employment patterns, unemployment, and employability; (3) modernization…

  13. Exploring Technical Vocational Education and Training Systems in Emerging Markets. A Case Study on Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur-Mensah, Nana; Alagaraja, Meera

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore trends and changes in technical vocational education and training (TVET) in emerging economies as a national human resource development (NHRD) approach and its practical applications using Ghana as an example. Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach was used to develop an in-depth…

  14. Operating a Microwave Radiation Detection Monitor. Module 10. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

    This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on operating a microwave radiation detection monitor. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) testing the…

  15. Using Air-Purifying Respirators. Module 9. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

    This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using air-purifying respirators. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) describing how air flows through an…

  16. Leonardo da Vinci, One Year on...a Different Look at Vocational Training in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Magazine, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the success of the Leonardo da Vinci program, a European laboratory of innovation in vocational training, a priority focus of investment in human resources and intelligence, and a way to mobilize innovative forces beyond national boundaries. Trends identified by the program focus on new information and communication technologies. (JOW)

  17. Equal Opportunities and Vocational Training. The Problems of Evaluation. CEDEFOP Flash 2/89.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sensi, D.; Pierret, M.

    1989-01-01

    The educational authorities of the Member States of the European Economic Community have begun to study the evaluation of vocational training programs. The study first will probe two strategic questions: (1) evaluation--to what end and by whom should evaluation be made?; and (2) what should be evaluated? The first program slated to be evaluated is…

  18. Learning Control: Sense-Making, CNC Machines, and Changes in Vocational Training for Industrial Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berner, Boel

    2009-01-01

    The paper explores how novices in school-based vocational training make sense of computerized numerical control (CNC) machines. Based on two ethnographic studies in Swedish schools, one from the early 1980s and one from 2006, it analyses change and continuity in the cognitive, social, and emotional processes of learning how to become a machine…

  19. Obtaining Heat Stress Measurements. Module 15. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

    This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on obtaining heat stress measurements. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming and describing the…

  20. Internship in Vocational Education and Training: Stakeholders' Perceptions of Its Organisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akomaning, Edward; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2011-01-01

    Polytechnic education in Ghana is an offshoot of technical and vocational education and training, which makes internship a sine qua non for its students. The implementation of internships in the departments of hotel catering and institutional management in Ghanaian polytechnics is examined in this study. The perceptions of the stakeholders suggest…

  1. Vocational Education and Training Manager Discursive Practices at the Frontline: Alternative Possibilities in a Victorian Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Annette

    2011-01-01

    This article looks at how the neoliberal reform process is affecting the professional identity of frontline managers in the Australian vocational education and training sector. The article examines how frontline managers are required to negotiate their working practices between their understandings and experiences as educators and the new…

  2. Marketization in the Dutch vocational education and training sector: hybrids and their behaviour

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Honingh, M.; Karsten, S.

    2007-01-01

    Significant educational reforms have resulted in Dutch schools for vocational education and training having to operate in a complex, more market-oriented environment, as if they were entrepreneurial organizations while remaining in the public sector. That makes these schools hybrid organizations. To

  3. Vocational Training in India and the Duality Principle: A Case for Evidence-Based Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrotra, Santosh; Kalaiyarasan, A.; Kumra, Neha; Ravi Raman, K.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the notion of the duality principle, as embodied in the German dual system of Vocational Education and Training (VET), within the context of a field survey of skill shortages faced by German and Indian firms operating in India. The study finds that these firms experience problems with the quantity and quality of skills…

  4. Adult Learning and Vocational Training in the Informal Sector in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakke-Seeck, Sigvor; And Others

    Because a growing proportion of the world's working population is in the informal sector (in work areas generally outside the sphere of state protection), planners of vocational training for adults must pay closer attention to those concepts of teaching and learning that have relevance for the informal sector, and they must develop strategies for…

  5. Our Vocational Training Can Guarantee You the Job of a Lifetime. Consumer Bulletin No. 13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federal Trade Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Consumer Protection.

    This guidebook cautions the potential vocational school student about the possibilities of false claims, poor training, and unreliable job promises from commercial trade, technical business, and correspondence schools. It points out what sort of things to look for and which claims to take seriously. Defenses against an aggressive sales pitch are…

  6. Report on the Vocational Education and Training System in Hungary. National Observatory Country Report, 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocz, Tamas Kopeczi

    An intrinsic part of the transition to a modern market economy in Hungary has been the restructuring of the vocational education and training (VET) system. A positive side effect of the socioeconomic transition is the emergence of human resources development (HRD). The transition process has been successful in the school-based education system,…

  7. The Indian Vocational Education and Training (VET) System: Status, Challenges, and Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotamraju, Pradeep

    2014-01-01

    India is at the cusp of becoming an economic powerhouse. For that to happen, however, the country needs to alter its workforce education system by reengineering the Indian Vocational Education and Training (VET) System. India's VET strategy includes creating basic work-centered common curriculum for the unskilled; developing a more flexible…

  8. Using Precision Rotameters. Module 6. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

    This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using precision rotameters. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming the parts of a low-flow precision…

  9. Post-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Pathways and Partnerships. Institutional Management in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Rapid growth of tertiary education is partly due to the expansion of post-secondary vocational education and training (PSV). A well developed post-secondary PSV system and links between universities and VET institutions improve skills and employment opportunities. What is post-secondary PSV and how does it relate to other components of the…

  10. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  11. Effects of Welfare Reform on Vocational Education and Training. NBER Working Paper No. 16659

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dave, Dhaval M.; Reichman, Nancy E.; Corman, Hope; Das, Dhiman

    2011-01-01

    Exploiting variation in welfare reform across states and over time and using relevant comparison groups, this study estimates the effects of welfare reform on an important source of human capital acquisition among women at risk for relying on welfare: vocational education and training. The results indicate that welfare reform reduced enrollment in…

  12. Exploring Technical Vocational Education and Training Systems in Emerging Markets. A Case Study on Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur-Mensah, Nana; Alagaraja, Meera

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore trends and changes in technical vocational education and training (TVET) in emerging economies as a national human resource development (NHRD) approach and its practical applications using Ghana as an example. Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach was used to develop an in-depth…

  13. The Cuban Vocational Education and Training System and Its Current Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Stefan; Penton, Felipe A. Hernandez; Marin, Anna Lidia Beltran; Romero, Osvaldo

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of the article is to inform about the Cuban Vocational Education and Training System. Based on the analyse of different studies, on expert interviews and on field experiences the authors give a clear overview of the Cuban VET-System. This description is embedded in the presentation of the general education system in Cuba and in a…

  14. Globalization and Its Impact on Technical-Vocational Education and Training in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustapha, Ramlee; Abdullah, Abu

    In Malaysia, vocational education and training (VET) is accorded a high priority in the nation's industrialization agenda. With the vision of becoming an industrialized nation in 2020, Malaysia must prepare a well-educated, skilled, and competitive workforce. The government has placed human resource development as a major emphasis and strategic…

  15. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  16. Vocational Training for Liushou Women in Rural China: Development by Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Hongxia; Liu, Zhiwen; Li, Ling

    2015-01-01

    As industrialisation and urbanisation aggressively take hold in China, all possible labour pools are being tapped to meet the market demands. Liushou women, or women who stay behind in rural areas as their spouses join the massive migrant workforce, are one such labour pool. Vocational training has been adopted by the Chinese state as a…

  17. Focus on the Future of Vocational Education & Training: Scenario Planning Project. An ANTA National Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Ron

    The future of vocational education and training (VET) in Australia was explored in a project that was designed to identify emerging issues in VET, identify challenges and opportunities for strategic thinking about the future of VET, and establish a basis for ongoing consideration of strategic issues. The major project activities were as follows:…

  18. The Literacy Practices of Vocational Training in Carpentry and Automotive Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkinson, Jean; Mackay, James

    2016-01-01

    Prior studies indicate that vocational students' literacy practices are more demanding than is generally recognised. Employing a view of literacy acquisition as socialisation, we investigated the literacy practices of trades training in Carpentry and Automotive Technology, by interviewing tutors and examined course books and student writing. A…

  19. The Role of Cultural Context in Continuing Vocational Training: A Study on Auto Repairmen in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbas, Oktay

    2011-01-01

    This study analysed how auto repairmen working in micro-enterprises undertake continuing vocational training in relation to cultural context. The study was conducted in Kirikkale, a city in central Anatolia in Turkey. To this end, the descriptive research technique of structured interview was used. Interviews with 33 auto repairmen were recorded…

  20. Trading Places: The Impact and Outcomes of Market Reform in Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Damon

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate, from a national perspective, the impact and outcomes of market reform in vocational education and training (VET), particularly the introduction of competitive tendering and "user choice". It does so by examining the structure, composition and dynamics of contestable or "quasi-markets"…

  1. Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions: Technical-Vocational Education and Training Students in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buli, Bereket Mamo; Yesuf, Wasihun Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine factors that could explain the difference in entrepreneurial intention (EI) among technical-vocational education and training (TVET) program students. Centered on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the paper aims to contribute to the understanding of factors that affect EIs of students and offer…

  2. Learning Control: Sense-Making, CNC Machines, and Changes in Vocational Training for Industrial Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berner, Boel

    2009-01-01

    The paper explores how novices in school-based vocational training make sense of computerized numerical control (CNC) machines. Based on two ethnographic studies in Swedish schools, one from the early 1980s and one from 2006, it analyses change and continuity in the cognitive, social, and emotional processes of learning how to become a machine…

  3. Measuring the Outcomes of Vocational Education and Training. Review of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumbrell, Tom

    Outcome measures are one of three key dimensions of the performance of Australia's vocational education and training (VET) system. The government, employers, students, and the broader community all share an interest in ensuring that Australia's VET system produces skills needed in the labor market. However, each group's views of what constitutes a…

  4. The Role of Family in Vocational Education and Training Choices: A Case Study in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dormeier Freire, Alexandre; Giang, Hong Trinh

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the role of family in vocational education and training (VET) choices, using primary qualitative data collected in the commune of Hung An, Vietnam. The authors demonstrate that, next to issues relating to income, it is family characteristics that are the predominant influence on an individual's choice of the VET track,…

  5. The Contribution of Vocational Education and Training to the Integration of Refugee Returnees in Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Le Bach; Morgan, W. J.

    2001-01-01

    Reviews major developments in Vietnam over the past decade as it moves from a socialist to a market economy. Examines the labor market, the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system and its role in helping returned exiles find employment. Concludes there was limited success in reintegration of returnees. (CAJ)

  6. 77 FR 41387 - Applications for New Awards; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... research in refereed journals. The number of products (e.g., new or improved tools, methods, discoveries... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Applications for New Awards; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation...

  7. The Social Benefits of Initial Vocational Education and Training for Individuals in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabates, Ricardo; Salter, Emma; Obolenskaya, Polina

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the social benefits of initial vocational education and training (VET) for individuals in different European contexts. Drawing on data from the European Community Household Panel, results show that initial VET is associated with positive changes in social outcomes for individuals across Europe. Health benefits were mainly…

  8. Vocational Education and Training--An Engine for Economic Growth and a Vehicle for Social Inclusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) has in recent years enjoyed a revival for two major reasons. Firstly, it is regarded as a suitable means of promoting economic growth. Secondly, it is seen as a potentially powerful tool for fostering social inclusion. In this review, these assumed effects are critically examined on the basis of the vastly…

  9. Participation in Formal Technical and Vocational Education and Training Programmes Worldwide: An Initial Statistical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2006

    2006-01-01

    There is a common perception that technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is diversifying and expanding in terms of its supply and demand. Practitioners and policymakers often believe that educational systems are offering a wider array of programmes at different levels and in various fields of study. They also assume that these…

  10. Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET): Understanding the Nigerian Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dike, Victor Ebipuruonwu

    2013-01-01

    The descriptive mixed-methods study explores and describes the challenges and prospects of the growth and development of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) schools and science-based technology education in Nigeria. It is not understood how Nigerians in the United States perceive the impacts of governmental policies on education…

  11. Rural Internal Migrants Navigating Apprenticeships and Vocational Training: Insights from Cambodia and Laos

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Chea (Lyda); R.B.C. Huijsmans (Roy)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractThe policy phrase Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is rapidly gaining ground across Southeast Asia (and beyond). TVET is centrally about ‘skills’ development and considered an important policy component in smoothening young people’s ‘school-to-work transition’.

  12. Internship in Vocational Education and Training: Stakeholders' Perceptions of Its Organisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akomaning, Edward; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2011-01-01

    Polytechnic education in Ghana is an offshoot of technical and vocational education and training, which makes internship a sine qua non for its students. The implementation of internships in the departments of hotel catering and institutional management in Ghanaian polytechnics is examined in this study. The perceptions of the stakeholders suggest…

  13. Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions: Technical-Vocational Education and Training Students in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buli, Bereket Mamo; Yesuf, Wasihun Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine factors that could explain the difference in entrepreneurial intention (EI) among technical-vocational education and training (TVET) program students. Centered on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the paper aims to contribute to the understanding of factors that affect EIs of students and offer…

  14. Towards Quality Technical Vocational Education and Training (Tvet) Programmes in Nigeria: Challenges and Improvement Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayonmike, Chinyere Shirley; Okwelle, P. Chijioke; Okeke, Benjamin Chukwumaijem

    2015-01-01

    Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is widely recognized as a vital driving force for the socio-economic growth and technological development of nations. In achieving the goals and objectives of TVET in Nigeria, the quality of the programme needs to be improved and sustained. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the challenges…

  15. Measuring Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Efficiency: Developing a Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guimei; Clayton, John

    2016-01-01

    The growing demand for an increasingly skilled competitive workforce and the associated demand for change and responsiveness in the provision of technical vocational education and training (TVET) has led to the development of stronger links between New Zealand and the People's Republic of China. A collaborative model programme project aims to…

  16. Towards competence-based technical-vocational education and training in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Solomon, Getachew Habtamu

    2016-01-01

    In the human development effort, different countries are underscoring the role of technical-vocational education and training (TVET) in providing relevant knowledge and skills to improve productivity, increase access to employment opportunities and raise the standard of living. It is in recognition

  17. Classroom preoccupations: the shadow of the past in Dutch vocational training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Daalen, R.

    2013-01-01

    This paper outlines the relevance of history for the understanding of everyday life at a lower vocational training school (VMBO) in Amsterdam in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Ideas, symbols and culture of the past remain alive as social memories, and they are employed and reconstruct

  18. Exposure to respirable dust and crystalline silica in bricklaying education at Dutch vocational training centers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizer, D.; Spee, T.; Lumens, M.E.G.L.; Kromhout, H.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Construction workers are educated at vocational training centers before they begin their working lives. Future bricklayers and their instructors are exposed to respirable dust and possibly to hazardous respirable crystalline silica from trial mortar. METHODS: Thirty-six personal air samp

  19. Innovation in European Vocational Education and Training: Network Learning in England, Finland and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikkila, Eila

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a comparative study of innovation in vocational education and training (VET) in three innovative European countries: England, Finland and Germany. The focus is on innovation emerging from VET practitioners' (directors, teachers, project coordinators, etc.) participation in inter-organisational networks with local,…

  20. General Education vs. Vocational Training: Evidence from an Economy in Transition. NBER Working Paper No. 14155

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malamud, Ofer; Pop-Eleches, Cristian

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the relative benefits of general education and vocational training in Romania, a country which experienced major technological and institutional change during its transition from Communism to a market economy. To avoid the bias caused by non-random selection, we exploit a 1973 educational reform that shifted a large proportion…

  1. The Financing of Vocational Education and Training in Italy. Financing Portrait. CEDEFOP Panorama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allulli, Giorgio; D'Agostino, Sandra

    This document details the sources and distribution of financing of vocational education and training (VET) in Italy. Part 1 presents basic information on the political, economic, legislative, and administrative contexts of financing VET. Part 2 describes the sources and distribution mechanisms of funds for the following forms of initial vocational…

  2. Teaching Reflections about the Architectural Design of the Vocational Training Centers in Granada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Luis; Gallego, José L.; Rodríguez, Antonio V.

    2016-01-01

    If the specificity of the architectural space is considered as a measuring element in the education scope to value the prominence of teaching throughout history, it is worth mentioning that the configuration of the vocational training center as a first-rate education scenario that arrives half century of delay with respect to schools, has few…

  3. Theories Supporting Transfer of Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamnill, Siriporn; McLean, Gary N.

    2001-01-01

    Reviews theories about factors affecting the transfer of training, including theories on motivation (expectancy, equity, goal setting), training transfer design (identical elements, principle, near and far), and transfer climate (organizational). (Contains 36 references.) (SK)

  4. Interactive Naval Gunfire Support Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-01

    OVERCOMING INERTIA: WINNING THE TRAINING WAR "Nothing on earth consumes a man more quickly than the passion of resentment." This was written by Friedrich ... Nietzche in Ecce Homo over a hundred years ago, but very aptly describes the attitude about training. Many times deficiencies in training are perceived

  5. Investigation on the Status Quo of Migrant Workers’ Motivation for Vocational Training

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jianhua; ZUO, Lu

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of migrant workers’ motivation for training is of significant importance to promote the vocational training effectiveness. The survey study of 626 migrant workers in Guangdong province identified that occupational development motivation is the most intensive, followed by the social environment and job responsibility while cognitive interest and interrelationship are among the least. Therefore, the authors suggest that appropriate guidance should be conducted to facilitate ...

  6. IMAGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadijah Alavi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools. This study was conducted in two zones, namely North (Kedah and central zone (Selangor. Two schools were chosen from each zone, one from the city (Kajang and the other one from rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to obtain the views of parents and teachers. Purposive sampling was selected for the focus group discussions in schools with the participation of PTA members, i.e., parents, teachers, career counselors teachers. The results showed that there were two main themes, namely, positive and negative image of technical education and vocational training among parents and teachers. However, the negative image remained resilient among parents and teachers, especially in deciding on career paths in technical and vocational fields. The researcher also identified several new issues, for example, wastage of manpower in the country, among them due to the weak prerequisite set in selecting students in technical and vocational education system; Students who do not meet the Malay Language (Bahasa Melayu prerequisite are unable to continue studying skills at higher certificate level. Students of Islamic studies and Arabic Language, students with academic excellence and girls who are interested in technical education and vocational training should be considered as a highly skilled workforce in the future. Some implications of this study were presented as suggestion in formulating policies to improve the image of technical education and vocational training.

  7. Mobile and Online Learning Journal: Effects on Apprentices' Reflection in Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauroux, Laetitia; Könings, Karen D.; Zufferey, Jessica Dehler; Gurtner, Jean-Luc

    2014-01-01

    While learning journals (LJs) have been shown to support self-regulated learning strategies, reflection and learning outcomes in academic contexts, few studies have investigated their relevance in vocational education. A mobile and online learning journal (MOLJ) was developed to support reflection on workplace experiences. However, acceptance of…

  8. Study on the Needs of Continuing Vocational Training for Social Workers in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preslava Dimitrova

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The occupation of the social worker in modern times is challenged by the dynamically changing economic and social environment, growing requirements to their qulifications and competences and the needs of gaining new skills and permanen development and improvement. The aim of the presented study of defining the needs for continuing vocational training of specialists providing social services is to provide recommendations regarding the need of training for skills contributing to the increase in the degree of correspondence between labor supply and demand on the labor market, contributing to the improvement of the quality of the labor force in the country as a competitive factor with an increasing importance for successful economic development. The investigation and the specific examples discussed can be a solid basis for future studies and development of models for improvement the system of continuing and vocational training for acquiring the needed knowledge, skills and competences for effective work.

  9. Developing a Virtual Reality-Based Vocational Rehabilitation Training Program for Patients with Schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohn, Bo Kyung; Hwang, Jae Yeon; Park, Su Mi; Choi, Jung-Seok; Lee, Jun-Young; Lee, Ji Yeuon; Jung, Hee-Yeon

    2016-11-01

    Maintaining employment is difficult for patients with schizophrenia because of deterioration of psychosocial and cognitive functions. Such patients usually require vocational rehabilitation training, which is both demanding and costly. In this study, we developed a virtual reality-based vocational rehabilitation training program (VR-VRTP) for such patients and evaluated its feasibility as an alternative to traditional rehabilitation programs. We developed the VR-VRTP to include various situations commonly encountered in two types of occupations: convenience store employee and supermarket clerk. We developed practical situations, as well as a system for providing feedback, to ensure patients would not lose interest during training. Nine participants each performed the VR-VRTP repeatedly per week for a total of 8 weeks. At baseline and after training, all participants were evaluated using the following clinical and neuropsychological tests: Manchester Scale, Clinical Global Impression, Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Zung Depression Rating Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Stroop Test, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (RCFT), and Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). After training, patient scores improved on the PSP, general symptoms on the Manchester Scale, AVLT, and delayed recall on the RCFT. The Manchester positive symptom score showed a trend of improvement. No significant changes were observed for other measures. The VR-VRTP may improve general psychosocial function and memory, potentially influencing real-world vocational performance. These findings provide preliminary evidence regarding the utility of the VR-VRTP in patients with schizophrenia.

  10. The Failure of Vocational Training in Tibetan Areas of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shiyong

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available China has undergone profound economic change and growth since economic reforms began in the late 1970s. Although associated policies provided many business opportunities in Tibetan areas of China, Tibetans remain poorly equipped to respond to and take advantage of these opportunities. The reasons for this are complex, difficult to assess, and include political, social, cultural, and environmental factors. An examination of current educational practice with a focus on vocational education in Tibetan areas of the PRC suggests that poor education is key to explaining the inability of Tibetans to compete economically with non-Tibetan migrants.

  11. Studying Girls’ Opportunities to the Variation of the Field in Qom Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Jandaghi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been done to review of the girls’ opportunity to the variation of the field in Qom vocational training branch. The sample consisted of 318 female students of vocational training in the 2010-2011 school years which selected in random, cluster, class and a structured questionnaire was completed by them with 0.78 as reliability coefficient. The study shows that only 33.4 percent of girls in the industry have the opportunity to select their profession. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (38.6 and 28.2 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions on their opportunities. In agricultural field, only 43.4 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the agricultural sector (48.8 and 38.0 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. In service sector, only 51.7 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the service sector (46.5 and 57.2 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Overall, only 9.3% of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (6.1 and 12.5 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Also, the possibility to prepare vocational training students for employment in the labor market, the possibility of the role played by vocational training in providing employment for young people – the influence of the future course for students on course selection – students’ interests in course selection and the possibility of keeping on the education in students interested fields in university are all high

  12. HR policies and practices in vocational education and training institutions: understanding the implementation gap through the lens of discourses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Runhaar, P.R.; Runhaar, H.

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) institutions face serious challenges, like educational innovations and upcoming teacher shortages, which require them to invest in their human capital. However, the implementation of human resources (HR) policies and practices often stagnates. Using the Dutch

  13. HR policies and practices in vocational education and training institutions. Understanding the implementation gap through the lens of discourses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Runhaar, P.R.; Runhaar, H.A.C.

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) institutions face serious challenges, like educational innovations and upcoming teacher shortages, which require them to invest in their human capital. However, the implementation of human resources (HR) policies and practices often stagnates. Using the Dutch

  14. HR policies and practices in vocational education and training institutions. Understanding the implementation gap through the lens of discourses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Runhaar, P.R.; Runhaar, H.A.C.

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) institutions face serious challenges, like educational innovations and upcoming teacher shortages, which require them to invest in their human capital. However, the implementation of human resources (HR) policies and practices often stagnates. Using the

  15. Challenges for the work-based learning in vocational education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    Dual systems of vocational education and training that build on the tradition of apprenticeship, have many attractive qualities, seen from a political perspective. VET systems that comprise a significant amount of work-based training, provide a valuable alternative for young people who chose...... not to pursue an academic career. Countries with strong apprenticeship systems tend to have less youth unemployment and a smoother transition to the labour market than others. Furthermore, from a learning perspective, the out-comes of work-based training and informal learning are enhanced when they are combined...

  16. Challenges for work-based learning in vocational education and training in the Nordic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    2015-01-01

    Dual systems of vocational education and training that build on the tradition of apprenticeship, have many attractive qualities, seen from a political perspective. VET systems that comprise a significant amount of work-based training, provide a valuable alternative for young people who chose...... not to pursue an academic career. Countries with strong apprenticeship systems tend to have less youth unemployment and a smoother transition to the labour market than others. Furthermore, from a learning perspective, the outcomes of work-based training and informal learning are enhanced when they are combined...

  17. Work Esteem And Re-Branding Of Technical Education And Vocational Training From The Perspective Of Parents, Teachers And Apprentice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadijah Alavi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Several issues were raised from the study of technical and vocational education: low pay, no career path for their future, unable to get admission to university, and finally technical education and vocational training are perceived to be for school dropouts and special needs students (the disabled (Ahmad Esa , 2010; Ramlee, 1999; Wancott, 2000; Gray, 1997; Stone, 1993; Kang and Bishop, 1986. Although various efforts have been undertaken by several agencies to encourage technical education and vocational training to the public, students and parents still prefer academic education to vocational education. Why does this phenomenon still exist despite the publicity given by many agencies? Do parents, students, teachers and school counselors, and various related parties understand the system of vocational education? Aren’t there sufficient promotion arranged? Aren’t there enough "success stories" of those doing technical education and vocational training brought to light by local media? This qualitative study was conducted in two zones, namely, the north (Kedah and central zone (Selangor, two schools were chosen from each zone; one school in the city (Kajang and one from the rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to get the views of  parents and teachers. The results showed that there was a positive response from parents and teachers about the work reputation and re-branding of technical education and vocational training. Technical and vocational fields are no longer targeted for weak students; on the other hand this study has shown that parents believe that girls too can become successful mechanics. Now parents and teachers are encouraging students to pursue their field of interest, and no longer judge them based on test results per se to take up tertiary education. The path of technical education and vocational training can be advanced to university level and continued abroad. There are suggestions that opportunity should also be given to

  18. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  19. Influence of motivation on academic performance of students undertaking vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier J. Maquilón Sánchez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Vocational training in Spain is not longer an option for those students who do not reach the right level to attend secondary school, and has turned into a professional alternative of high quality and with high levels of employability. The analysis of the motivations that foster student learning is very useful in order to design intervention proposals which may improve the quality of student learning. This research study is a response to this approach. We present a theoretical review of the basics of motivation and its relationship with learning, followed by an empirical study of considerable length, whose results are striking: both mid-level and higher level vocational course students require supervision and specific training in all aspects related to motivation and learning strategies.

  20. Between General Education and Vocational Training or What Claims Future has on Us

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušana Findeisen

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Dušana Findeisen deals with the relationship between general education and vocational training in the future. White qualifications needed on the labour market in 15 years are not easily predictable, it is possible to predict with certainty only the kind of people needed and which basic qualifications are to be included among the educational goals to be attained by school population and adults. Among basic qualifications or competencies are ranging: managing thinking processes, communication competence, competence of playing an active role in community, attitude towards environment. Further, the author points out the need for different didactic processes and evaluation ensuring a balance of various elements of education and "producing" well balanced people. General education should penetrate "narrow gauge" vocational training of adults, since enterprises do not search only for good professionals but also for people able to adapt and to develop along with them.

  1. On the Motivation Mechanism of Training Higher VocationalStudents’Soft Power%略论高职学生软实力培养的动力机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛宝志

    2016-01-01

    培养高职生软实力是当前高职教育的重要使命。高职院校不仅要构建高职生软实力培养的内部动力系统,充分发挥目标引导力、制度激励力、实践推动力和环境渗透力,而且要利用政府、企业、社会和家庭的力量,完善高职生软实力培养的外部动力系统,为高职生软实力培育提供政策支持、企业助力、社会影响和家庭教育。%Training the soft power of higher vocational students is the important mission of higher vocational e-ducation . Higher vocational colleges should not only build the inner power system of training the soft power of higher vocational students,giving full play to the target guidance,system motivation,practical impetus and environment penetration,but also make good use of the power of the government,enterprises,society and family to improve the external power system of training the soft power of higher vocational students,which can provide policy support, corporate power,social influence and family education for training the soft power of higher vocational students.

  2. Transitions and Diversity in Didactics: An Exploration Searching for Implications for Vocational Education and Training

    OpenAIRE

    Lázaro Moreno Herrera

    2015-01-01

    Depending on the perspective and even language, the concept of didactics is defined in different ways. The debate about conceptualization, particularly concerning the equivalence in English of what in other languages, specifically Germanic and Latin languages, is termed ‘didactics’, is well documented in the research literature. There is a claim in this article concerning the need to transcend the language discussion; it is indeed necessary, especially for Vocational Education & training (VET...

  3. Vocational Training for Industry in the Northern Plains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern Natural Gas Co., Omaha, NE. Dept. of Area Development.

    This study of the Northern Plains States (Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin) post secondary educational facilities for training craftsmen and operatives for manufacturing and related industries was conducted by means of a questionnaire survey. For each occupation in which training was offered, schools were requested…

  4. Review of IT Training of the Professional Accountants in Romania from Undergraduate and Graduate Studies and Continuous Vocational Training Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianina Mihai

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Accounting was the first organizational activity to be taken into consideration when IT technologies emerged, due to its very well regulated nature, which allowed an easy algorithm creation process. Next to the Accounting departments, the corresponding profession was strongly affected ever since IT technologies were first used in this field of activity, from the replacement of execution-level accountants in the beginning, up to the complete dependency of IT in the present, as now it is not possible anymore to perform the accounting profession without involving and using IT tools and applications. In this context, we consider IT skills to be essential for every professional accountant. In Romania, the learning process of these skills must be provided by universities, which are the main entities involved in the superior training of professional accountants and also by continuous vocational training programs, which are conceived and coordinated by professional organizations. In this article, we propose an analysis of the extent to which Romanian Universities provide IT training, both from a bachelor and graduate point of view, with the help of Curriculum for the only available specialization in the Accounting domain, Accounting and Management Information Systems (AMIS. We also propose to study the extent to which this training can be obtained and improved by the means of the continuous vocational training programs.

  5. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women through vocational trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabasum Nazir

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women in Kashmir valley in the year 2010-12. A sample of 400 rural women out of 800 covered under different vocational training courses of Kvks was selected by random sampling method for data collection. A structured interview schedule was prepared and was pretested on 10 percent of the respondents before final use. The study revealed that majority of the respondents (46.75% became independent, (30.5% respondents had reduced their dependency and a small number of respondents (22.75% did not feel any change in their dependency. The findings revealed that majority of the, respondents developed their leadership qualities, can make self assessment, got economic freedom, developed their psychological confidence and became able to take decisions. Thus vocational trainings given through kvks plays a positive role for the empowerment of rural women who have undergone through trainings and adopted the recommendations of the given practices. The findings of the study also revealed that majority of the women respondents had increased their psychological confidence and decreased their sub-ordination and cent percent of the women respondents agreed that vocational trainings given by Krihi Vigyan Kenderas provided an opportunity for women to enhance their economy and improve the socio economic status of rural women. More than half of the respondents revealed that they earn profit by adopting these skills and have increased their income and became socially, economically and psychologically empowered. The training of cutting and tailoring, knitting, fruit and vegetable preservation and tilla work has increased the economic status of trainees and also of their families. The positive change in their living status was also visible. Hence training programmes organized by KVKs especially for rural women for their empowerment plays a positive role.

  6. Cognitive model supported tactical training simulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doesburg, W.A. van; Bosch, K. van den

    2005-01-01

    Simulation-based tactical training can be made more effective by using cognitive software agents to play key roles (e.g. team mate, adversaries, instructor). Due to the dynamic and complex nature of military tactics, it is hard to create agents that behave realistically and support the training lead

  7. COMPANY-BASED VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING: CASE STUDIES OF SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRIES IN JAPAN AND SWEDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etsuo Yokoyama

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze the motives, functioning, and results of vocational education and training in two companies in the shipbuilding industry in two different countries (Japan and Sweden in different time periods. The institutional framework differs substantially in the two cases and, partly as a consequence, the responses to challenges in securing an adequate supply often varied. However, our results indicate that not only was training important for supplying the companies with skilled labor, but also that it was crucial to creating career ladders for workers. This helped to develop company loyalty, which was important for retaining skilled workers.

  8. Technical and Vocational Teaching and Training in Gabon: How Future Teachers Build Their Vocational Identity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nze, Jean Sylvain Bekale; Ginestie, Jacques

    2012-01-01

    The professionalism of teachers is based on three levels of expertise: mastering academic knowledge, mastering the teaching of this knowledge and mastering the role played by teachers in schools. For each of these levels, each student during the teacher training courses has his own understanding. This understanding influences their perception of…

  9. New approach to training support vector machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Faming; Chen Mianyun; Wang Zhongdong

    2006-01-01

    Support vector machine has become an increasingly popular tool for machine learning tasks involving classification, regression or novelty detection. Training a support vector machine requires the solution of a very large quadratic programming problem. Traditional optimization methods cannot be directly applied due to memory restrictions. Up to now, several approaches exist for circumventing the above shortcomings and work well. Another learning algorithm, particle swarm optimization, for training SVM is introduted. The method is tested on UCI datasets.

  10. Impact Assessment of a Vocational Training Program for Persons with Disabilities in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Matthew Waldron

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a vocational training programme in enabling 261 persons with disabilities to find employment in Bangladesh.Methods: A qualitative method, which employed interviews and focus group discussions, assessed the effect of the training programme on key individual, societal and physical factors set out by the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (2001.Results: 157 persons with disabilities (60% secured employment after training. Of these, 74% reported that they were able to provide a better livelihood for their families, 92% reported increased social acceptance, and 83% reported improvement in overall quality of life. Of those who did not find employment, 15% cited issues related to the training course, 6% mentioned discriminatory attitudes of potential employers and 12% had problems related to physical access. Conclusions and Implications: These results suggest that the vocational training programme improved the (reentry of persons with disabilities into employment, which in turn aided their rehabilitation. However, discriminatory attitudes towards them at the workplace were reported.doi: 10.5463/dcid.v23i3.81

  11. Effects of Demographic Characteristics, Educational Background, and Supporting Factors on ICT Readiness of Technical and Vocational Teachers in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alazzam, Abu-Obaideh; Bakar, Ab Rahim; Hamzah, Ramlah; Asimiran, S.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine ICT readiness and the effects of demographic characteristics, educational background, and support factors on the ICT readiness of technical and vocational teachers in Malaysia. The questionnaire was administered to 329 technical and vocational teachers who are teaching engineering subjects in Malaysian…

  12. Get a vocation: keeping on top of studies Reducing the drop-out rate in vocational upper secondary education and training

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    European business life is in constant need of a skilled labour force; however, in some sectors there is starting to be a shortage of people with good skills. One of the problems is the drop-out rate in vocational upper secondary education and training. The Finnish Ministry of Education commissioned a study in 2006–2007 on reducing the number of drop-outs, GET A VOCATION – KEEPING ON TOP OF STUDIES. 14 education providers whose educational institutions had a low drop-out percent...

  13. Assessment of prior learning in adult vocational education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarkrog, Vibe; Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2015-01-01

    the assessment is based on a scholastic perception of the students’ needs for training, reflecting one of the most important challenges in APL: how can practical experience be transformed into credits for the knowledge parts of the programs? The study shows that by combining several APL methods and comparing...... the teachers’ assessments the teachers respond to the issues of validity and reliability. However, validity and reliability might be even further strengthened, if the competencies are well defined, if the education system is aware ofsecuring a reasonable balance between knowing how, knowing that, and knowing...... why, and if the teachers are adequately trained for the assessment procedures....

  14. TABADO: "Evaluation of a smoking cessation program among Adolescents in Vocational Training Centers": Study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinet Yves

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most of the efforts to reduce teenagers' tobacco addiction have focused on smoking prevention and little on smoking cessation. A smoking cessation program (TABADO study, associating pharmacologic and cognitive-behavioural strategy, on a particularly vulnerable population (vocational trainees, was developed. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the program which was offered to all smokers in a population aged 15 to 20 years in Vocational Training Centers (VTC. This paper presents the TABADO study protocol. Methods The study is quasi-experimental, prospective, evaluative and comparative and takes place during the 2 years of vocational training. The final population will be composed of 2000 trainees entering a VTC in Lorraine, France, during the 2008-2009 period. The intervention group (1000 trainees benefited from the TABADO program while no specific intervention took place in the "control" group (1000 trainees other than the treatment and education services usually available. Our primary outcome will be the tobacco abstinence rate at 12 months. Discussion If the program proves effective, it will be a new tool in the action against smoking in populations that have been seldom targeted until now. In addition, the approach could be expanded to other young subjects from socially disadvantaged backgrounds in the context of a public health policy against smoking among adolescents. Trial registration Clinical trial identification number is NTC00973570.

  15. Assessment of vocational opportunities and continuing job placement for persons with mental disabilities: factors indicating levels of necessary support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Yoshiko; Kikuchi, Emiko; Watanabe, Shu

    2008-01-01

    We determined primary factors in allocating support for vocational opportunities and continuing job placement for clients with mental disabilities. The study analyzed 29 items regarding work attitudes and vocational skills for 70 clients as assessed by the Tokyo Metropolitan Rehabilitation Center for the Physically and Mentally Disabled. The evaluations were performed using the situational assessment approach with a 3-point support scale system assigned through observation of behavior. The results of these evaluations placed 35 clients in employment groups (A and B) and 35 clients in a sheltered workshop group (C). The data was analyzed by multivariate analysis. Predictions of success and functional differences among the groups were indicated by the data. Differences were found among the three groups in work attitudes and skills such as "self-direction" and "directions for social participation". Out of the 35 clients currently employed, 11 were recognized as needing ongoing assistance from supported employment offices. For the supported employment group (B), the major work attitudes and skills for which they required continuous services for maintaining stable jobs were 'emotional stability' and 'learning of working skills and accomplishment of work.' In a previous study, the major differences between the competitive employment group (A) and the sheltered workshop group (C) were in areas of 'responsibilities,' 'goals for life,' 'motivation for the work and understanding of contents for work,' and 'safety during work.' Our study supports these findings. In addition, transition from the sheltered workshop to supported employment required training to improve skills and support for 'responsibilities,' 'goals for life,' 'participation in leisure activities and community-based activities,' and 'preparation and cleaning for work.'

  16. Computer Education in the Vocational Teacher Training Centre at Eindhoven.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houben, J. W. M. A.; Verbunt, J. A.

    1985-01-01

    Teachers from The Netherland's 26 higher technical colleges in need of a teaching qualification (called an "informatica") were able to obtain it by in-service training, organized and offered by universities. Types of courses offered and policy describing information technology activities to be developed in the country by 1989 are…

  17. Alienating Curriculum Work in Australian Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodge, Steven

    2016-01-01

    Competency-based training (CBT) is a curriculum model employed in educational sectors, professions and industries around the world. A significant feature of the model is its permeability to control by interests outside education. In this article, a "Neoliberal" version of CBT is described and analysed in the context of Australian…

  18. QUALITY OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING THROUGH PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen\tCHAŞOVSCHI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It appears that, during the process of continuous training, there is a growing need from VET providers of a reliable and easy to use tool ensuring the quality of the services provided. Product life cycle active management, including the use of suitable PLM software, is or may be a tool for monitoring and controlling product portfolio of an educational institution. It can be recommended not only for reasons of quality assurance, but also to facilitate the development of products for greater transparency in strategic business areas, and not least, to maintain competitiveness of VET providers. The Q-PLM project analysed the core of the product life cycle management in other sectors, identified the relevant variables that have an impact on the life cycle of VET provision and, on this basis, developed the beta version of a IT tool (software for product life cycle management addressed to VET providers, and a user manual for product life cycle management. The Q-PLM software makes possible the identification of the training products lifecycle, the life cycle stages, the key success factors and indicators for the training products lifecycle, separately for each training program and for each college.

  19. Computer Education in the Vocational Teacher Training Centre at Eindhoven.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houben, J. W. M. A.; Verbunt, J. A.

    1985-01-01

    Teachers from The Netherland's 26 higher technical colleges in need of a teaching qualification (called an "informatica") were able to obtain it by in-service training, organized and offered by universities. Types of courses offered and policy describing information technology activities to be developed in the country by 1989 are…

  20. Quality in Vocational Education and Training: An Essentially Contested Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoellner, Don

    2015-01-01

    Quality's appeal resides in the genetics of Australia's national training system and its early 1990s development. Deploying Bacchi's application of contested concepts, problem representation and their place in public policy development and implementation, it is argued that quality plays an important systemic transactional function. In addition to…

  1. Utilisation of 2nd generation web technologies in master level vocational teacher training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péter Tóth

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The Masters level Opportunities and Technological Innovation in Vocational Teacher Education project (project site: http://motivate.tmpk.bmf.hu/ aims to develop the use and management of virtual learning environments in the area of vocational teacher training, drawing on a well established international partnership of institutions providing both technical and educational expertise. This paper gives an overall picture of the first results and products of the collaboration. We touch upon the goals, the assessments and the learning process of using “Multimedia and e-Learning: e-learning methods and tools” module in details. The main cooperative and collaborative devices are presented in virtual learning environment. The communication during collaborative learning, the structured debate on forum and the benefits of collaborative learning in VLE are interpreted at the end of this paper.

  2. QUALITY ASSURANCE COURSES IN VET (VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TOURISM ORGANISED BY THE CENTRE FOR TOURISM TRAINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA IRIMIEA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Quality Assurance Courses in VET (Vocational Education and Training for Tourism Organised by the Centre for Tourism Training. The article seeks to give utterance to the findings of the pilot course on quality assurance designed and organised by the Centre for Tourism Training (CTT as part of the AQUA.TS European Lifelong Learning project. The CTT has become involved in research and exchange of experience in the field of quality assurance driven by the educational policy-related background set out by the European documents and tools, including EQARF, EQAVET, the principles of lifelong learning and adult education. The main theoretic background to the present paper was assured by the European Commission documents regarding quality assurance in VET, while the experience and good practices acquired by the CTT have profoundly marked its quality assurance–oriented policy. Against this background, The Centre for Tourism Training (CTT of the Faculty of Geography, University Babes-Bolyai, Romania, delivered a pilot training course on Quality Assurance in VET during 16 March and 10 April 2015. The training consisted of a theoretical knowledge-building module (16.03. 2015 – 27.03. 2015 and a practical module (30.03.2015 -10.04.2015, the latter focused on the use of the AQUA.TS TOOLKIT, an IT device aimed at the self-evaluation of the quality of performance of trainers and training providers, whose efficiency was tested during the organised training program.

  3. QUALITY OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING THROUGH PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen CHAŞOVSCHI; Mariana VLAD

    2015-01-01

    It appears that, during the process of continuous training, there is a growing need from VET providers of a reliable and easy to use tool ensuring the quality of the services provided. Product life cycle active management, including the use of suitable PLM software, is or may be a tool for monitoring and controlling product portfolio of an educational institution. It can be recommended not only for reasons of quality assurance, but also to facilitate the development of products for greater tr...

  4. Communicative Competence Development in the Course of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Abolina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper, devoted to the communicative competence development, regards it as the key element of professional competence. Modern specialists in any sphere of professional activity need the necessary information and communication skills (i.e. the ability to use the principles of busyness communication for planning and analysis, goal-setting, choosing strategies, understanding the partners’ intentions and modifying the communication ways. The author highlights the labor market requirements to communication skills of the higher school graduates, and insists on introducing the theoretical and practical methods of communication competence development into the educational curricula. The paper specifies the aspects of perception and reflection in interpersonal contacts, and describes the group training methods with the main emphasis on such collective forms as role plays, group discussions, and training sessions. The outlines of the training program in business communication are given along with its approbation results including the improvements in students’ self-assessment, group communication, feelings, moods, activity, self-control in conflict situations, etc. 

  5. Appealing Features of Vocational Support Services for Hispanic and non-Hispanic Transition Age Youth and Young Adults with Serious Mental Health Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Rosalie A Torres; Delman, Jonathan; McKay, Colleen E; Smith, Lisa M

    2015-10-01

    Transition age youth and young adults (TAYYAs) diagnosed with serious mental health conditions (SMHCs) are at greater risk of being unemployed compared to their peers without SMHCs. Job counseling and job placement services are the greatest predictor of competitive employment, yet we have limited knowledge about what TAYYAs believe they need to obtain gainful employment. In person, qualitative interviews were conducted with 57 non-Hispanic and Hispanic TAYYAs with SMHCs enrolled in three vocational support programs in MA (Vocational Rehabilitation, Individual Placement and Support; the Clubhouse Model as described by the International Center for Clubhouse Development). Six themes emerged from the data: three themes were identified as social capital (supportive relationships, readily available workplace supports, and vocational preparation), two themes related to human capital (effective educational supports and work experience), and one theme related to cultural capital (social skills training). Unique features (Spanish-speaking staff and/or familiar in Latino culture, familial-like staff support) were frequently noted by Hispanic TAYYAs.

  6. Community Safety and Recidivism in Australia: Breaking the Cycle of Reoffending to Produce Safer Communities through Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahn, Susanne

    2011-01-01

    This article links community safety with recidivism and argues that reintegration of offenders is a community responsibility. The paper discusses the role of vocational training for incarcerated offenders as a tool to reduce recidivism. Training and subsequent employment for released offenders are factors that assist them to become contributing…

  7. Photovoltaic energy conversion in vocational training. Training program for electrical engineering; Photovoltaik in der beruflichen Ausbildung. Lernprogramm. Berufsfeld Elektrotechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    ISET is an application-orientated research institute for designing electric systems for renewable energy use, rational energy use, andwater treatment. ISET focuses on environmentally acceptable an sustainable use of energy and water and the saving of natural resources. This training program was developed by ISET in cooperation with the department of vocational training of Gesamthochschule Kassel University and is based on two diploma dissertations. It is available on CD-ROM and presents the fundamentals of photovoltaic energy conversion for vocational training in the field of electrical engineering. [German] Das ISET ist ein anwendungsorientiertes Forschungsinstitut zur Gestaltung der elektrischen Systemtechnik fuer die Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien, der rationellen Energieverwendung und der Wasserbehandlung. Wir setzen uns fuer einen umweltvertraeglichen und nachhaltigen Umgang mit Energie und Wasser zur Erhaltung der natuerlichen Lebensgrundlagen ein. Bei der Entwicklung des Lernprogrammes hat das ISET die technisch-wissenschaftliche Betreuung uebernommen. Das Lernprogramm wurde im Rahmen von zwei Diplomarbeiten an der Universitaet Gesamthochschule Kassel, Fachbereich Berufs- und Fachdidaktik, entwickelt und wird in Form einer CD-ROM angeboten. Die curriculare und didaktische Entwicklung eines Lerngebietes zur Photovoltaik fuer die Berufsausbildung im Berufsfeld Elektrotechnik waren Schwerpunkt der Arbeiten. (orig./AKF)

  8. Assessment of Prior Learning in Adult Vocational Education and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibe Aarkrog

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals about the results of a study of school-based Assessment of Prior Learning of adults who have enrolled as students in a VET college in order to qualify for occupations as skilled workers. Based on examples of VET teachers’ methods for assessing the students’ prior learning in the programs for gastronomes, respectively child care assistants the article discusses two issues in relation to Assessment of Prior Learing: the encounter of practical experience and school-based knowledge and the validity and reliability of the assessment procedures. Through focusing on the students’ knowing that and knowing why the assessment is based on a scholastic perception of the students’ needs for training, reflecting one of the most important challenges in Assessment of Prior Learning: how can practical experience be transformed into credits for the knowledge parts of the programs? The study shows that by combining several Assessment of Prior Learning methods and comparing the teachers’ assessments the teachers respond to the issues of validity and reliability. However, validity and reliability might be even further strengthened, if the competencies are well defined, if the education system is aware of securing a reasonable balance between knowing how, knowing that, and knowing why, and if the teachers are adequately trained for the assessment procedures.

  9. The Impact of Student Support Services on Students Enrolled for National Certificate Vocational in Motheo District, Free State, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maimane, Joseph Ramathibela

    2016-01-01

    The Department of Higher Education and Training introduced the national certificate vocational (NCV) in Further Education and Training colleges in January 2007. The entry requirement for this qualification is Grade 9. However, this qualification has attracted students with grades between Grades 9 and 12. Students enrolling for the NCV…

  10. Extension of general practice training from three to four years: experiences of a vocational training programme in Southern Ireland.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dowling, Stephanie

    2009-05-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the experiences of trainees taking part in an extended (four-year) general practice training programme introduced in the South Eastern region of the Republic of Ireland to replace the previous traditional (three-year) programme. In a qualitative design, eight homogeneous focus groups were held to determine the value of the additional year of training. The first cohort of trainees was interviewed towards the start and at the end of their fourth year. Trainees finishing the following year were also interviewed, as were graduates from the final three-year programme. GP trainers and the four members of the programme directing team comprised two further independent focus groups. Trainees reported that the integration of hospital posts and general practice attachments over the four years was particularly beneficial. The exposure to a variety of different general practices and the opportunity to take part in specialty clinics were considered extremely useful. The fourth year of training was felt to be less pressurised than previous years. Professional and personal development was enhanced; improved readiness to practise and confidence were noted. Perceived disadvantages of extended training included a lack of acknowledgment for doctors in their fourth year and excessive emphasis placed on research during the final year of training. The addition of an extra year of vocational training improves professional and personal development and changes the learning experience for doctors. Doctors felt more confident and ready to enter independent practice at the end of the fourth year of training.

  11. Bridging the Gap between Work and Education in Vocational Education and Training. A Study of Norwegian Apprenticeship Training Offices and E-Portfolio Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nore, Haege; Lahn, Leif Christian

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gap between work and education,…

  12. Vocational training for students with a drop out risk: An alternative educational approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klara Rokkones

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A dropout discourse has emerged; highlighting the economic risk that leaving secondary school before graduation poses to those who drop out and to society as a whole. Many initiatives aim to reduce the dropout rate. One such project, “The Third Way”, was established in 2012 with the aim of reducing dropouts in one secondary school among students on a vocational track - particularly in the programs Restaurant and food-processing and Health care, childhood and youth development. We have followed this project for two years through classroom observation and interviews with teachers and school management. "The Third Way" works at the interfaces of students, teachers, schools, and in cooperation with workplaces connected to the students’ vocational training in practical studies. Based on our analyses we see that flexibility among all actors in alternative vocational education, both in school and workplace practice, is crucial for the reduction of dropout rates. By adapting the curriculum within these alternative structures, we see that at-risk students have an increased likelihood of finishing their secondary education.

  13. Technical and Vocational Education and Training - Curricula Reform Demand in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruque A. Haolader

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This case study investigates the Diploma-in-Engineering (Electronics Technology curriculum in Bangladesh. It includes student assessment approach and learning/ teaching outcomes, and compares them with Germany’s initial vocational training in the Dual System. The required data was collected through a selfdesigned test and a questionnaire. The test measured mainly students’ technical competencies, particularly in the case of practical relevant tasks. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used to analyze the data. A comparison between the polytechnic students and vocational school trainees in Germany at different cognitive levels was made. The findings show that the polytechnic students in Bangladesh perform poorly. It was found that the differences in the categories of Apply and Understand were bigger than the difference in the category of Remember. Furthermore, this study investigated and found that the student assessment approaches in Bangladesh and Germany differ greatly regarding their theoretical requirements and practical relevance. The Diploma curriculum mainly focuses on theoretical matters. Germany’s learning field based curriculum in vocational schools focuses on practice oriented learning and teaching, and fosters the trainees’ knowledge transfer capability. The current TVET reform in Bangladesh that introduces CBTandA, among others, may address these issues and help Bangladeshi TVET graduates to compete in an international labour market.

  14. Sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices diagnosed already before entering vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Golińska-Zach

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hairdressers are occupationally exposed to many allergenic and irritating substances. Additionally, hairdressing apprentices are exposed to the same allergens as professional hairdressers, due to the fact that vocational training starts in the beginning of the education. This study was undertaken to investigate early occurrence of sensitization to occupational allergens in hairdressing apprentices before the onset of the vocational training. Material and Methods: Three hundred and seven hairdressing apprentices were assessed using a questionnaire and skin prick tests (SPTs to common and occupational allergens. The level of total and serum specific immunoglobulin E (IgE to occupational allergens was evaluated and spirometry was performed. Results: At least one skin and/or respiratory and/or conjunctival symptom was reported by 29.9% of subjects. Among subjects with at least one symptom, 28.2% of them were atopic whereas among 43.4% of them total IgE level was elevated. Atopy was found in 20% cases. In the case of one apprentice, positive SPT for paraphenylenediamine was found. Nearly 33% of apprentices had elevated total IgE level and 5 of them had specific IgE for occupational allergens. Conclusions: The study revealed that hairdressing apprentices might be sensitized to occupational allergens even before the beginning of vocational training, due to prior non-professional exposure to hairdressing agents. Furthermore, many of them report skin, respiratory and conjunctival symptoms, often connected with chronic disease diagnosis. Thus, candidates for hairdressers should be examined thoroughly before the start of the education and tests for allergy to hairdressing substances are indicated. Med Pr 2016;67(5:567–575

  15. Social Exchange in Dutch Schools for Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomsen, Maren; Karsten, Sjoerd; Oort, Frans J.

    2015-01-01

    In this study we examined the role of trust as a mediator in social exchange between teachers and their school, particularly between perceived procedural justice and perceived organizational support, on the one hand, and teachers' affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behaviour, on the other hand. A model was developed…

  16. Introducing active learning pedagogy into a technical and vocational education and training academy in Kurdistan, Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, Martina; Ladefoged, Svend Erik

    2017-08-01

    This article focuses on a teaching methodology project which investigated issues of teaching quality at a technical and vocational education and training (TVET) academy in Kurdistan, Northern Iraq. The academy was established in 2012 to provide unemployed youth with TVET, particularly workplace-relevant training. A needs analysis showed that the academy's teachers were mainly skilled in technical content areas rather than in pedagogy. Perhaps as a result, predominantly teacher-centred approaches to teaching were observed. However, teaching and learning in TVET, by its very definition, must consider active learning and practical training as core to its vocational purpose. Moreover, technical and pedagogical skills are intrinsically linked, since a teacher cannot effectively pass on technical skills without the necessary pedagogical skills to do so. It is on this premise that the authors of this article based their project, which was designed for the purpose of upgrading the teachers' pedagogical skills to incorporate more active learning strategies and practical work. Comparison of observation logs and feedback sessions at the conclusion of their project provided evidence that whilst some of the teachers' pedagogical skills had shifted towards using more dynamic teaching strategies, interviews strongly indicated that there was also some reluctance to incorporate active learning. In their conclusion, the authors suggest that the insights gained from this project could be further empirically examined in a larger, multi-institutional study.

  17. Open and Innovative Tools and Services for Vocational Education and Training in Quality Assurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu Moldovan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the employment of the Student Response System at the “Petru Maior” University of Tîrgu Mureş, achievements of the project entitled “Disseminating Open and Innovative Tools and Services for Vocational Education and Training in Quality Assurance” (acronym Do-IT financed by European Commission. The recent developments and results obtained during pilot testing of new pedagogical models and services, in Do-IT project, targeting engaging engineering education in Romania are presented.

  18. Vocational education and training (VET) as a career path for young people

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kersh, Natasha; Juul, Ida

    This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the issues of perceptions and motivations of young people towards Vocational Education and Training (VET) in England and Denmark. It specifically focuses on factors that facilitate their either positive or negative attitudes. Complex...... interdependencies between the labour market, young people’s occupational choices, and career routes have been a focus of policy concern, discussions and research across European countries. VET, as a pathway for young people to a career, has been and continues to be open to wide interpretation and debate...

  19. Analysis of General Personality Characteristics of High School Students Who Take and Do not Take Vocational Music Training according to Personality Inventory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihan Yağışan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The authorities claim that music training helps children and young people gain insight and actualize themselves and it contributes to their self-expression, self-confidence and socialization process. As known, music education that children and adolescences get varies for several reasons, and particularly the aims, the ways, and the intensity of courses differ according to the school types. From this context, the students of the high schools of fine arts getting vocational musical training and the students of general high schools not getting the vocational training were investigated by means of a general personality inventory, and a research was conducted to examine whether or not music education supports the personality development of the high school students. In the study, 140 students attending the last grade of high schools of fine arts, 140 students attending last grade of general high schools with total amount of 280 were randomly selected. The students were administered a 168 item personality inventory to determine their characteristics of ‘social, personal and general adaptation’ levels. Following findings were obtained as a result of the survey: When the total scales “general adaptation”, “social adaptation” and “personal adaptation” levels, including the sub-scales of ‘family affairs, social affairs, social norms, anti-social tendencies’, ‘self-actualization, emotional decisiveness, neurotic tendencies and psychotic symptoms’, were examined, the scores of students who get vocational music training were found significantly higher than the students who do not get it. The results of the study show that music training supports the personality development of adolescences positively.

  20. Analysis of General Personality Characteristics of High School Students Who Take and Do not Take Vocational Music Training according to Personality Inventory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihan Yağışan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The authorities claim that music training helps children and young people gain insight and actualize themselves and it contributes to their self-expression, self-confidence and socialization process. As known, music education that children and adolescences get varies for several reasons, and particularly the aims, the ways, and the intensity of courses differ according to the school types. From this context, the students of the high schools of fine arts getting vocational musical training and the students of general high schools not getting the vocational training were investigated by means of a general personality inventory, and a research was conducted to examine whether or not music education supports the personality development of the high school students. In the study, 140 students attending the last grade of high schools of fine arts, 140 students attending last grade of general high schools with total amount of 280 were randomly selected. The students were administered a 168 item personality inventory to determine their characteristics of ‘social, personal and general adaptation’ levels. Following findings were obtained as a result of the survey: When the total scales “general adaptation”, “social adaptation” and “personal adaptation” levels, including the sub-scales of ‘family affairs, social affairs, social norms, anti-social tendencies’, ‘self-actualization, emotional decisiveness, neurotic tendencies and psychotic symptoms’, were examined, the scores of students who get vocational music training were found significantly higher than the students who do not get it. The results of the study show that music training supports the personality development of adolescences positively.

  1. The Impact of SENAI's Vocational Training Programme on Employment, Wages, and Mobility in Brazil: What Lessons for Sub Saharan Africa?

    OpenAIRE

    Stephan Klasen; Carlos Villalobos Barría

    2014-01-01

    The paper investigates to what extent the Brazilian SENAI system of vocational training could be a role model for easing the substantial challenges African countries face to tackle rising urbanization, high youth unemployment, and a skills gap. We first discuss relevant features of the SENAI and associated training systems as they developed over time. Subsequently, we show that the SENAI system offers opportunities for further training across the educational and race distribution as well as h...

  2. Informing Policy and Practice in Australia's Vocational Education and Training Sector: Reflections and Futures. Proceedings of the 25th Anniversary Forum of the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 21, 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Penelope, Ed.; Loveder, Phil, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    To mark the occasion of its 25th anniversary, the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) brought together policy, industry and academic leaders to reflect on the role that research and statistics have played in the development of Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector. This publication includes the original…

  3. Vocational Colleges Students,Vocational Skills Training Path Analysis%高职院校学生职业技能的培养路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林山

    2014-01-01

    Strengthening vocational college students vocational skills training ,is an important measure to implement the Party Central Committee ’s “to accelerate the development of modern vocational education”decision deploy,is important for promoting economic restructuring and upgrading,expanding employment and improving people’s livelihood. Currently,vocational college students vocational skills training targeting is not clear,and business needs do not match,incentive mechanism is not perfect protection and other issues,so they need to improve their understanding,deepen the curriculum,teaching mode and practice teaching reform,improve policy measures to create “double”teachers.%加强高职院校学生职业技能培养,是落实党中央“加快发展现代职业教育”决策部署的重要举措,对于促进经济转型升级、扩大就业和改善民生具有重要意义。当前,高职院校职业技能人才培养存在目标定位不够清晰、与企业需求不相匹配、激励保障机制尚不健全等问题,亟需提高思想认识,深化课程建设、教学模式和实践教学改革,完善政策措施,打造“双师型”教师队伍。

  4. Skill shortages in health: innovative solutions using vocational education and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilpatrick, S I; Johns, S S; Millar, P; Le, Q; Routley, G

    2007-01-01

    This article reports findings of a project funded by the Australian National Council for Vocational Education Research. The project explores solutions to current and projected skills shortages within the health and community services sector, from a vocational education and training perspective. Its purpose is to locate, analyse and disseminate information about innovative models of health training and service delivery that have been developed in response to skill shortages. The article begins with a brief overview of Australian statistics and literature on the structure of the national health workforce and perceived skill shortages. The impact of location (state and rurality), demographics of the workforce, and other relevant factors, on health skill shortages is examined. Drawing on a synthesis of the Australian and international literature on innovative and effective models for addressing health skill shortages and nominations by key stakeholders within the health sector, over 70 models were identified. The models represent a mixture of innovative service delivery models and training solutions from Australia, as well as international examples that could be transposed to the Australian context. They include the skill ecosystem approach facilitated by the Australian National Training Authority Skill Ecosystem Project. Models were selected to represent diversity in terms of the nature of skill shortage addressed, barriers overcome in development of the model, healthcare specialisations, and different customer groups. Key barriers to the development of innovative solutions to skills shortages identified were: policy that is not sufficiently flexible to accommodate changing workplace needs; unwillingness to risk take in order to develop new models; delays in gaining endorsement/accreditation; current vocational education and training (VET) monitoring and reporting systems; issues related to working in partnership, including different cultures, ways of operating

  5. An assessment of partnerships between technical vocational education and training and its stakeholders in the development of Ethiopian SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Killian MUNZWA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the Ethiopian Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET in terms of policy, strategies, curriculum, implementation, practice and challenges faced on the ground by both the TVET program and the nation in meeting the skills needs of industry and human capital development in general as enunciated in the goals of ESDP III, (Ministry of Education, 2005. In doing this the paper reviews the skills needs of industry against the capacity of the institutions of higher education’s capacity to meet these needs. It is in this context that the appropriateness of the curriculum and its implementation in respect of the TVET goals is scrutinized (Ministry of Education, 2008. Furthermore, government policies and strategies in the identification and selection of appropriate candidates for the TVET program and the incorporation of stakeholders are examined. In this assessment issues of collaboration by stakeholders in the provision of training resources and facilities are assessed, especially financing and human resource requirements in respect of staffing levels and requisite technical skills and supportive equipment and other resources. Policies and organizational structures in the identification, mobilization and distribution of such resources are also examined. To this end any opportunities that may exist for the retention and further training of the TVET graduates already employed by the industry are also reviewed. An important aspect of this evaluation is to identify and understand the kind of relationships and partnerships that exist between the TVET colleges, and government. Similarly an assessment is done concerning curriculum implementation, practice and delivery.

  6. Relationships between vocational training centres and industrial SMEs in the Basque Country: A Regional Innovation System approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eneka Albizu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this document is to analyse the reach of the relation between vocational training (VT centres and industrial SMEs in the Basque Country (Spain, and its influence on innovation processes developed by companies.Design/methodology/approach: We employ the conceptual framework offered by the Regional Innovation System (RIS perspective and the information supplied, on the one hand, by relevant actors within the vocational training system, through in-depth interviews, and, on the other, by the response of industrial SMEs to a survey.Findings: The results obtained suggest that vocational training centres are an agent of significance within the RIS, contributing through its main lines of action (formal education, continuous training and company services to improving the competitiveness of companies and to stimulating their innovation processes.Research limitations: Although this paper has described the nature of the main mechanisms of relation between VT centres and industrial SMEs, there is a need for ongoing research to analyse the contribution of the educational system to innovation processes in industrial SMEs. For this purpose it would be interesting to measure how the skills of qualified workers and technicians coming from the VT system mesh with company innovation processes.Originality/value: The results of this study highlight a positive relationship between vocational training and innovation.

  7. An Empirical Study on English Listening Strategy Training in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宜凝

    2013-01-01

      The present research aims to find out (1) What is the present situation of listening strategy use in vocational colleges? (2) How does the listening strategy training affect listening achievements on control class and experimental class? 169 students from Clinical Medicine Department in Grade 2011 from Liuzhou Medical College located in Guangxi participate in the research. The results show:(1)The listening strategies use frequency of surveyed students is low and the use of nota-taking strategy is better than that of selective attention strategy. Moreover, the awareness of strategy use is somewhat weak.(2)Listening strategy training can greatly improve the listening achievements of the low-proficiency students, while the effect to the intermediate group ranks in the second place, followed by the high-proficiency group.

  8. Factors Influencing Farmers’ Willingness to Participate in the New Vocational Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shiyong; YU; Jia; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Probit model is applied to analyze some key factors influencing farmers’ willingness to participate in the new vocational training for farmers based on 683 questionnaires from 8 districts in Chongqing. The results show that individual and family factors significantly affect farmers’ participation will. These factors are age,family scale and years of education. Age is the most important factor,family scale is of secondary importance and years of education are the third one. Meanwhile,years of education positively affect farmers’ participation willingness;there is a negative correlation among age,family scale and this willingness. Organizer,rural economic development level and training experience have no significant influence on this willingness.

  9. Vocational Education in Tourism: Conceptual Framework Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Shchuka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the basic concepts that define the essence of the system of vocational education and helps to analyze the problem of tourism staffing support. According to authors’ hypothesis, the personnel problem is related to the imperfection of the tourism conceptual framework. As of all enterprises of travel industry only travel agencies and accommodation facilities work with tourists, the author proves that personnel training for these businesses is the major objective of vocational training in tourism.

  10. Integrated or dual vocational training focused on the operations of a nuclear power plant; La formacion profesional integrada y/o dual enfocada a la operativa de una central nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roca, F.

    2014-10-01

    Dual vocational training is understood to be all the mixed employment and training actions and initiatives, the purpose of which in the vocational qualification of workers in a system alternating a job in a company with the training activity received in the framework of the vocational training system for employment of the educational system. The dual vocational training that results from this mixed strategy is provided via the following modality: Shared training between the training center and the company, which consists of coparticipation to varying degrees in the teaching and learning processes in the company and the training center. (Author)

  11. 德国"双元制"职业教育的最新进展%The Latest Development in the Dual System of Vocational Training in Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹林全

    2002-01-01

    本文介绍了德国"双元制"职业教育的最新进展情况,首先描述了"双元制"的历史由来和结构体系,然后分析了职业教育的总体情况,最后提出了职业教育现代化改革过程中的试验计划.%This article gives a brief introduction to the dual system of vocational in Germany . It presents the structure of the training system which combines the advantages of training in a company and education in a vocational school. It also concerns the general situation of vocational training , including the number of trainees, the popular training occupations and the cost of the training . Finally , the pilot projects for innovations in vocational training are specifically recommended .

  12. The Study of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Needs of Dairy and Cooking Oil Producing Companies in Tehran Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbari, Lotfali

    2015-01-01

    Education is not merely provision of information from trainer to learner, but the point is that this person requires practical educations for some of its tasks. By considering industrialization of manufacturing processes, economic development cannot happen without considering the Technical and vocational education and training (TVET). Since the…

  13. Value of Vocational Education and Training in a Non-Metropolitan Community. Project Summary. CRLRA Discussion Paper Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toms, Jon; Falk, Ian; Kilpatrick, Sue

    A project has been designed to identify how a non-metropolitan community consolidates and develops sustainable social and economic activity. For many authors, the political position reiterating vocational education and training (VET) as the pivotal contributor to building national economic sustainability is framed in terms of human capital…

  14. 38 CFR 21.8012 - Vocational training program for certain children of Vietnam veterans-spina bifida and covered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... program for certain children of Vietnam veterans-spina bifida and covered birth defects. 21.8012 Section...-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects General § 21.8012 Vocational training program for certain children of Vietnam veterans—spina bifida and covered birth defects. VA will provide an evaluation to...

  15. An Analysis of Vocational Rehabilitation Services for Consumers with Hearing Impairments Who Received College or University Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutin, Daniel L.; Wilson, Keith

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive ability of vocational rehabilitation services for deaf and hard of hearing consumers who received college and university training. The RSA-911 database for fiscal year 2004 was analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of 21 services in leading to competitive employment. A model predicting…

  16. What influences the quality of educational encounters between trainer and trainee in vocational training for general practice?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boendermaker, PM; Ket, P; Dusman, H; Schuling, J; Van der Vleuten, CPM; Tan, LHC

    2002-01-01

    This study of educational encounters between a trainer and a trainee in vocational training for general practice investigates the quality of the encounter. The study focuses on the relation between the quality of the encounter and elements such as presence of feedback, duration, use of media, etc. A

  17. The concept of competence in the development of vocational education and training in selected EU member states: a critical analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, M.; Weigel, T.M.; Collins, K.M.

    2007-01-01

    This contribution follows the descriptive review of Weigel, Mulder and Collins regarding the use of the competence concept in the development of vocational education and training in England, France, Germany and the Netherlands. The purpose of this contribution is to review the critical analyses

  18. Refugees and Access to Vocational Education and Training across Europe: A Case of Protection of White Privilege?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadderton, Charlotte; Edmonds, Casey

    2015-01-01

    This small-scale, highly original study connects themes which are rarely explored in relation to each other, particularly in a European context: vocational education and training (VET), refugees and race equality in order to explore how VET policies impact on racial equality, and the ways racial structures in Europe impact on VET. It begins to…

  19. Reflections on the Emancipatory Potential of Vocational Education and Training Practices: Freire and Rancière in Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tur Porres, Gisselle; Wildemeersch, Danny; Simons, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the issue of emancipation in education practices in general and in vocational education and training (VET) in particular. The principal aim is to contribute to the discussion of particular traditions of emancipation in education in connection with VET practices. The exploration of ongoing educational debates on VET…

  20. Region VI Inservice Training for Vocational-Technical Personnel (Arlington, Texas, October 7-10, 1975). Conference Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    This conference report contains a collection of thirteen papers delivered at the Region VI (New Mexico, Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Oklahoma) inservice training conference, which focused on special needs groups (i.e., those with academic, socioeconomic, or physical handicaps that prevent them from succeeding in regular vocational programs).…

  1. Gender Planning and Vocational Education, and Technical Training in Palestine: An Initial Framework. Gender and Society Working Paper #4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahleh, Lamis Abu

    Gender planning and vocational education and technical training (VETT) in Palestine were examined through the following: review of available literature and policy-oriented reports, discussions with educators in the field, and roundtable discussion in which representatives of the Palestinian Ministry of Education and Ministry of Labor and experts…

  2. Proceedings of the International Round Table on Vocational Training and Employment (Turin, Italy, June 17-20, 1991).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Istituto per lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale dei Lavoratori, Rome (Italy).

    Eleven papers are presented from the International Round Table on Vocational Training and Employment. Introductory materials are the program and list of participants. The papers are as follows: "Evolution de la Formation Professionnelle en Afrique et Contribution du Ciadfor au Cours de la Derniere Decennie" (in French); "Educacion, Empleo y…

  3. Structural Elaboration of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Systems in Developing Countries: The Cases of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurer, Markus

    2012-01-01

    While technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is re-emerging on the agenda of many development agencies and governments of developing countries alike, there remains a serious lack of theoretically grounded literature on how skills formation systems in developing countries change over time, and how these transformations are…

  4. Facilitating and Nurturing Creativity in Pre-Vocational Dancers: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Debbie E.; Nordin-Bates, Sanna M.; Chappell, Kerry A.

    2012-01-01

    This is a case study investigation into creativity involving young dancers and faculty members on the UK government-funded pre-vocational contemporary dance training programme. Qualitative research techniques were used to gather and interpret data on how individuals nurtured and viewed creativity at an individual level, as well as how the…

  5. Vocational Education and Training in Tanzania and Zimbabwe in the Context of Economic Reform. Education Research Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennell, Paul; Bendera, Shane; Kanyenze, Godfrey; Kimambo, Emrode; Kiwia, Sixtus; Mbiriyakura, Tichafa; Mukyanuzi, Faustin; Munetsi, N.; Muzulu, Jo; Parsalaw, Willy; Temu, John

    Developments in vocational education and training (VET) in Tanzania and Zimbabwe since the 1980s were examined in the context of economic reform. Formal VET provision in each country's public and private sectors was reviewed, and case studies of one firm in each country's manufacturing and tourism industries were conducted. The research identified…

  6. Using a Swinging Vane Anemometer to Measure Airflow. Module 14. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

    This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on using a swinging vane anemometer to measure airflow. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) naming each…

  7. Technical Vocational Education and Training for Micro-Enterprise Development in Ethiopia: A Solution or Part of the Problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondo, Tendayi; Dafuleya, Gift

    2010-01-01

    Technical vocational education and training (TVET) programmes have recently received increased attention as an area of priority for stimulating growth in developed and developing countries. This paper considers the situation in Ethiopia where the promotion of micro and small-sized enterprises (MSEs) has been central to the development and…

  8. The "Academization" of the German Qualification System: Recent Developments in the Relationships between Vocational Training and Higher Education in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolter, Andrä; Kerst, Christian

    2015-01-01

    The traditional German model of skill formation was based on the rather strict segmentation between vocational training and higher education. However, during recent years this differentiation has slowly dissolved, partly by politically motivated developments to increase the permeability between both sectors and partly as a result of latent changes…

  9. Transitions of Young Migrants to Initial Vocational Education and Training in Germany: The Significance of Social Origin and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beicht, Ursula; Walden, Günter

    2017-01-01

    The topic of the present paper is how successful young people from a migration background in Germany are in making the transition to initial vocational education and training (VET). Particular emphasis is placed on interactions with social origin and gender. The analyses are based on the 2011 BIBB Transitional Study, a representative survey of…

  10. Facilitating and Nurturing Creativity in Pre-Vocational Dancers: Findings from the UK Centres for Advanced Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Debbie E.; Nordin-Bates, Sanna M.; Chappell, Kerry A.

    2012-01-01

    This is a case study investigation into creativity involving young dancers and faculty members on the UK government-funded pre-vocational contemporary dance training programme. Qualitative research techniques were used to gather and interpret data on how individuals nurtured and viewed creativity at an individual level, as well as how the…

  11. Using an instrument to analyse competence-based study programmes; experiences of teachers in Dutch vocational education and training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wesselink, R.; Dekker - Groen, A.M.; Biemans, H.J.A.

    2010-01-01

    Competence-based education is becoming increasingly popular. Competencies are used more and more as the starting point for designing curricula and instructional methods, especially in vocational education and training, to realize authentic and self-steering study programmes. Despite its popularity

  12. A. Makarenko pedagogical system in the aspect of modern approaches to the training of vocational school’s teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Віта Григорівна Данькевич

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The actual importance of A. Makarenko pedagogical ideas is depicted in the article. They were laid in the basis of the bringing up and the education. The modern approaches to the training of vocational school’s teachers in the system of multilevel professional pedagogical education, specifically in Anton Makarenko Kiyv Professional Pedagogical College are shown

  13. Understanding Policy Intentions Is Critical for Successful Policy Implementation within the Technical and Vocational Education and Training College's Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebele, Ntlantla

    2015-01-01

    Public policy implementation is frequently regarded as problematic globally and reasons for these vary. In particular, the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) sector has been criticized for lack of delivery and most of the criticism is directed towards the non-implementation of government policy. In South Africa managers of TVET…

  14. Cultural Literacy and Student Engagement: The Case of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui, Sammy King Fai; Cheung, Hoi Yan

    2015-01-01

    Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is often seen to be constraining and focused on specific skill development for specific occupations. This goal is at odds with the demands of a knowledge economy that requires more general educational outcomes for an uncertain and unpredictable labour market. For this reason, Hui (2012) has…

  15. Technical Vocational Education and Training for Micro-Enterprise Development in Ethiopia: A Solution or Part of the Problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondo, Tendayi; Dafuleya, Gift

    2010-01-01

    Technical vocational education and training (TVET) programmes have recently received increased attention as an area of priority for stimulating growth in developed and developing countries. This paper considers the situation in Ethiopia where the promotion of micro and small-sized enterprises (MSEs) has been central to the development and…

  16. Refugees and Access to Vocational Education and Training across Europe: A Case of Protection of White Privilege?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadderton, Charlotte; Edmonds, Casey

    2015-01-01

    This small-scale, highly original study connects themes which are rarely explored in relation to each other, particularly in a European context: vocational education and training (VET), refugees and race equality in order to explore how VET policies impact on racial equality, and the ways racial structures in Europe impact on VET. It begins to…

  17. What Sense Can We Make of the Possibility of Vocational Didactics? An Approach from the Spanish School-Based System Complemented by Non-Formal Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Marhuenda-Fluixá

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Our contribution attempts to review the development of the field of didactics in Spain in the past 35 years and its contribution to the development and improvement of vocational education and training. We intend to show that the concern of didactics is an issue of great concern (and dispute in Southern Europe, for which we will use Spain as an example. We will particularly analyse from a didactical approach (taking didactics as a normative applied discipline well established in academia the possibilities that a traditionally school-based discipline has to improve the development of vocational education practice in and out of schools, for young and adult people, in terms of pedagogical innovation.

  18. Multidirectional transparent support for overground gait training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallery, H; Lutz, P; von Zitzewitz, J; Rauter, G; Fritschi, M; Everarts, C; Ronsse, R; Curt, A; Bolliger, M

    2013-06-01

    Gait and balance training is an essential ingredient for locomotor rehabilitation of patients with neurological impairments. Robotic overhead support systems may help these patients train, for example by relieving them of part of their body weight. However, there are only very few systems that provide support during overground gait, and these suffer from limited degrees of freedom and/or undesired interaction forces due to uncompensated robot dynamics, namely inertia. Here, we suggest a novel mechanical concept that is based on cable robot technology and that allows three-dimensional gait training while reducing apparent robot dynamics to a minimum. The solution does not suffer from the conventional drawback of cable robots, which is a limited workspace. Instead, displaceable deflection units follow the human subject above a large walking area. These deflection units are not actuated, instead they are implicitly displaced by means of the forces in the cables they deflect. This leads to an underactuated design, because the deflection units cannot be moved arbitrarily. However, the design still allows accurate control of a three-dimensional force vector acting on a human subject during gait. We describe the mechanical concept, the control concept, and we show first experimental results obtained with the device, including the force control performance during robot-supported overground gait of five human subjects without motor impairments.

  19. 高职C语言程序设计实训探讨%C program Language Training of Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹文梁

    2011-01-01

    The vocational education located in the practical training and skill type talents,for the first time to learn C language program design of computer specialty in Vocational Students' practice is very necessary.This paper introduces the C program language training purpose and goal,training content,training requirements and assessment methods.%高职教育定位于培养实用型、技能型的高级专门人才,对初次学习C语言程序设计的高职计算机专业学生进行实训是非常必要的。对C语言程序设计实训的目的与预期目标、实训内容、实训要求以及实训的考核方式等内容进行了探讨。

  20. Training of support afferentation in postmenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazanova, O M; Kholodina, N V; Nikolenko, E D; Payet, J

    2017-05-02

    We have recently shown a diminishing of the Menopause Index in old-aged women who underwent special training directed at the enhancement of support afferentation by increasing the plantar forefoot sensitivity (Bazanova et al., 2015). Based on these results we hypothesized, that purposeful training of support afferentation through stimulation of plantar graviceptors by Aikido practice will decrease excessive postural and psychoemotional tension not only in rest condition, but during cognitive and manual task performance too. Fluency of cognitive and motor task performance, EEG alpha power as an index of neuronal efficiency of cognitive control, amount of alpha power suppression as a visual activation measure and EMG power of forehead muscles as a sign of psychoemotional tension were compared in three groups of post-menopausal women: i) 8years training with forefeet support afferentation with Aikido practice (A), ii) 8years fitness training (F) and iii) no dedicated fitness training for past 8years (N). Simultaneous stabilometry, EEG, and frontal EMG recording were performed in sitting and standing up position in eyes closed and eyes open condition. Recording done at rest and while performing cognitive and finger motor tasks. We compared studied parameters between groups with one- and two-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs) with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons, followed by post hoc two-tailed unpaired t-tests. The fluency of tasks performance, EMG and alpha-EEG-activity displayed similar values in all groups in a sitting position. Center of pressure (CoP) sway length, velocity and energy demands for saving balance increased when standing up, more in group N than in groups F and A (all contrasts p values0.89). Post hoc t-tests showed increased fluency in standing in both Aikido (p0.77). Fluency in motor task and alpha EEG power decreased, but frontal EMG power increased in response to standing in untrained women (group N) and did not change in F group

  1. The relationship between learning styles and motivation to transfer of learning in a vocational training programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Olivos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although there is ample research about Kolb's learning styles, few studies have examined their relationship with motivations to transfer, a concept used to assess whether the content and competencies learned through professional training activities are transferred to the workplace context. Ninety-six students (M = 24.58 years old; 99% males from three vocational training institutes participated in laboratory activities at the Renewable Energy Research Institute of the University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain. They completed a self-administered questionnaire that included the Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory; two scales adapted to measure student motivation to transfer their learning from training experiences; and a scale of satisfaction with the activities. A correlation analysis showed positive and moderately strong correlations (r = .708; p < .01 between motivations to transfer and “the relevance of the activities to academic performance”. A discriminant analysis between transfer and learning styles revealed that the “Student training motivation” item resulted in a distinct difference between assimilators and convergers, explaining 97.1% of the model variance (Wilks’ λ = .459; χ2 = 21.028; Sig. = .002 and classifying 56.4% of the cases. A discussion is presented as to the implications of these results for the theory of learning styles and the ways in which the design of the educational activities described in the study can be improved.

  2. Research and Practice of Agricultural Vocational Colleges in Serving Entrepreneurial Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; LIU; Lijun; DING; Zhi; WU

    2013-01-01

    As the vocational colleges shoulder the responsibilities of personnel training, scientific research and the social services, the agricultural vocational colleges, undertake the responsibilities of supporting "three agriculture" and speeding up the new countryside construction. Therefore, agricultural vocational colleges shall take the responsibility of providing the employment training to returned migrant workers is the obligation of agricultural vocational colleges and they are bound to be the camp for providing entrepreneurship training to returned farmers. Relying on its own characteristics and research strengths, the Jiangsu Animal Husbandry & Veterinary College has conducted rewarding research and practices on carrying out entrepreneurship training for farmers.

  3. Improvements in primary care skills and knowledge with a vocational training program – a pre–post survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djalali S

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Sima Djalali, Ryan Tandjung, Thomas Rosemann, Stefan Markun Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Background: Facing the upcoming shortage of primary care physicians (PCPs, medical and governmental organizations have recently made major investments to foster vocational training programs in Switzerland, designed to provide context-specific training for trainees in primary care practices. Less is known about the impact of these programs on the skills and specific knowledge of trainees. We aimed to evaluate the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland’s largest Canton.Methods: We undertook a pretest–posttest study and surveyed physicians before and after participating in the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Swiss Canton of Zurich. All trainees who participated in the program from 2013 until the end of 2015 were eligible. Primary outcome was the proportion of trainees being confident about their professional, organizational, examination and management skills before and after completing vocational training. Secondary outcomes were the proportion of trainees stating knowledge gain in entrepreneurship and the proportion of trainees being motivated to pursue a career as PCP.Results: Data of 47 trainees participating in the vocational training between 2013 and 2015 were eligible. In total, 35 (74.5% participated in the T1 survey and 34 (72.3% in the T2 survey. At T2, significantly more trainees (T1: 11%−89%, T2: 79%−100% stated to be at least “slightly confident” about their skills (p<0.05 for each individual skill. Knowledge gain in entrepreneurship was highly expected and experienced by the trainees (55%−77% of respondents in case of medicine-specific contents, but hardly expected in case of general business contents (≤47% of respondents. Concerning trainees’ motivation to pursue a career as PCP

  4. Project BEST Vocational English as a Second Language Curriculum: Communication Skills in Training and Employment in Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Barbara; Pankratz, David

    Information is provided on the Vocational English as a Second Language (VESL) component of Oakton Community College's Project BEST (Building Energy Systems Technology), a bilingual vocational training program designed to teach limited English proficient students of Polish or Hispanic origin the basics of heating, refrigeration, and air…

  5. Effects of Desktop Virtual Reality Environment Training on State Anxiety and Vocational Identity Scores among Persons with Disabilities during Job Placement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Andre Lamont

    2013-01-01

    This study examined how desktop virtual reality environment training (DVRET) affected state anxiety and vocational identity of vocational rehabilitation services consumers during job placement/job readiness activities. It utilized a quantitative research model with a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design plus some qualitative descriptive…

  6. The Role of Vocational Education and Training in Palestine in Addressing Inequality and Promoting Human Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randa Hilal

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available UNESCO's new emphasis on vocational education and training as transformative, and concerns in particular with equity and sustainable human development, has been strongly influenced by a recent literature on VET and human development that has a particular focus on the most marginalised, especially young women, and is concerned with how their aspirations, agency and achievement of wellbeing can be promoted in the face of wide-ranging structural obstacles. This article seeks to further develop that account through an even stronger emphasis on VET in the context of extreme poverty, inequality and marginalisation as faced in Palestine. VET in Palestine serves many of the poorest and most disenfranchised in Palestinian society in a context of profound structural obstacles to wellbeing achievement. Our analysis show a very positive story of how VET has helped highly disadvantaged young Palestinians, particularly young women, to make progress on their human development.

  7. The Reintegration of Vocational Psychology and Counseling Psychology: Training Issues for a Paradigm Shift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robitschek, Christine; DeBell, Camille

    2002-01-01

    In the past 20 years, there have been numerous calls for a reinvigoration of vocational psychology. Now, as vocational psychology has grown again within counseling psychology, the authors argue that what is needed is not a reinvigoration but rather a new paradigm that reintegrates vocational psychology and the rest of counseling psychology. The…

  8. The role of the market in the building of Vocational Training models: the mercantilization of the system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A. Cerrón Jorge

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available That Vocational Training gives an answer to the necessities of the labour market is a fact. However, the growth of capitalism has turned Vocational Training either into somethig you can buy and sell, the development of the law allowing for the entrance of private capital in the training, or into a structure at the service of the market, perpetuating in this way a system of relations in which the formative and the validation processes of professional competences are more important than the integral and global development of a person. So, the development of national and supranational systems and proposals based directly or indirectly on benefit rather than on the improvement of moral conditions of the community is stressed.

  9. The Role of Perceived Barriers and Relational Support in the Educational and Vocational Lives of Urban High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Maureen E.; Blustein, David L.; Chaves, Anna; Grossman, Jennifer M.; Gallagher, Laura A.

    2003-01-01

    Drawing on developmental contextual theory, the authors examined the relationship of perceived barriers and support with school engagement and vocational attitudes among 9th-grade urban high school students in 2 studies. Study 1 (N=174) showed that both perceived barriers and perceived support from family kin were associated with youths'…

  10. Study on Physical Training and Nutritional Support of Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuhua Wu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces the concepts of nutritional support and methods of physical training in detail. Finally, it summarizes the relationship between physical training and nutritional support. Physical training is inseparable from energy supply and the source of sport energy is from nutritional support. Various nutrition supplies is closely related to physical recovery of athletes.

  11. Effectiveness of Dysphagia Training for Adult Learning Disabilities Support Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tredinnick, Gerlind; Cocks, Naomi

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of a 1-day dysphagia training package delivered to support workers who work with adults with a learning disability. Thirty-eight support staff took part in this study. Twenty-five support staff received training, and 13 did not receive training and therefore acted as a control group. Three questionnaires…

  12. Exploration on the Integration of Vocational Skills and Vocational Training Teaching%探讨职业技能鉴定和高职实训教学的融合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹华斌

    2011-01-01

    This paper combined with the current shortcomings in professional qualification certification of vocational schools,superficial analyzed how to better integrate vocational education training teaching and vocational skills.%本文结合目前职业院校职业资格认证工作中存在的一些不足之处,粗浅分析职业教育实训教学和职业技能鉴定工作如何更好的融合。

  13. Research of Secondary Vocational Logistics Training Model%中职物流人才培养模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧才学

    2012-01-01

    As the global integration and regional development of today's economic, modern logistics industry is booming andhas become a new economic growth point. At the same time, China's logistics talent is very scarce in the 21st century, lo- gistics personnel is listed as one of 12 categories of personnel shortage. The key of speeding up skilled logistics personnel training is vocational education. This paper attempts to analyze the problems of logistics vocational skills training, determine the objectives of logistics vocational training, explore an actual right vocational training model for logistics personnel training, and provide some operational advice.%随着世界经济一体化和区域化的发展。现代物流产业正在蓬勃兴起,并已成为国民经济新的增长点。然而,目前我国物流人才却十分匮乏,21世纪,物流人才被列为12类紧缺人才之一。、加快物流技能人才的培养.关键在职业教育.文章试图分析中职物流技能人才培养中存在的问题.确定中职物流人才的培养目标,探索适合中职学校实际情况的人才培养模式,为物流技能人才的培养提供操作性建议。

  14. LIFELONG VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN KOREA: THE VISION AND TASKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Sun Chung

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The ideal TVET from the HRD perspectives should assist the acquisition of knowledge and qualities in individuals for their career pursuits, which are the most commonly, recognized objectives of lifelong learning. Korean government during economic development era has failed to provide detailed information about the change in future labour demand has caused difficulties for education and training providers to adjust themselves. In its transformation to an advanced, knowledge-based economy, Korea must analyze its education system – not only from the supply side, but also from the demand side. A knowledge-based society is marked by an increase in the economic value of knowledge, a shortened life cycle of knowledge, an explosive increase in knowledge, and the increasing relative importance of knowledge workers. In order to cope with these changes, HRD should be facilitated throughout the course of one's life by means of the systematization of lifelong learning, equalization of opportunities in lifelong learning, localization of lifelong learning, creation  of a data base for lifelong learning, and networking among lifelong learning systems as facilitated through the Lifelong Education Law. It is clear that Korea’s VET has greatly contributed to economic and social developments in the past, but with the advent of the knowledge based economy and unprecedented global competition, Korea is facing really profound changes and is in need of a paradigmatic shift in vocational education and training.

  15. 78 FR 35808 - Proposed priority-Rehabilitation Training: Rehabilitation Long-Term Training Program-Vocational...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... employment, and train consumers to use such technology; (6) The curriculum will teach students to identify... internship experiences, and the required service obligation; (2) Educate potential students about the terms...) Ensure that all students complete an internship in a State VR agency as a requirement for program...

  16. Supported employment and compensatory strategies for enhancing vocational outcome following traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreutzer, J S; Wehman, P; Morton, M V; Stonnington, H H

    1988-01-01

    Epidemiological research clearly indicates that traumatic head injury has reached epidemic proportions. Incidence rates for head injury are greater than those for cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injury combined. Many victims suffer from long-term impairments in functional, neurological, medical, neuropsychological and linguistic status. Emotional and behavioural problems are common as well. Additionally, family problems often ensue as a consequence of the victim's dependency and concomitant emotional changes. Investigations of post-injury vocational status indicate that unemployment rates within the first 7 years post-injury range as high as 70% for those with moderate and severe injuries. Researchers have demonstrated that the emotional and neuropsychological changes arising from injury are the greatest contributors to reduced employability. Relatively high unemployment rates strongly suggest that traditional approaches to physical and vocational rehabilitation have been entirely inadequate. To complement existing services and enhance employment outcome, two approaches have been developed and refined for use with victims of head injury. Supported employment is a unique approach which assists the client to select, obtain and maintain suitable employment on the basis of his/her interests and abilities. Compensatory strategies have been developed to help the individual offset intellectual problems which would otherwise interfere with learning job skills and maintaining production levels. Often, compensatory strategies are used in the context of a comprehensive supported employment programme. The greater use of supported employment and compensatory strategies is likely to enhance employment outcomes for those with traumatic head injury. Nevertheless, additional research is needed to more clearly identify the types of techniques which work best for each unique set of problems.

  17. Institutional theory and the policy problem of vocational education and training and its development: the Egyptian case

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This thesis extends analysis of the policy problem of Egyptian Vocational Education and Training (VET) beyond the current supply/demand mismatch perspective and into a broader institutional analytic framework. It critically deploys concepts from Whitley‘s institutional framework (1999) and Wood and Frynas‘ (2006) Segmented Business Systems (SBS) archetype to the problem, complementing them with historical and political dimensions. These illustrate the continuities and discontinuities in key i...

  18. The Research on the Status, Rehabilitation, Education, Vocational Development, Social Integration and Support Services Related to Intellectual Disability in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lihui; Qiu, Zhuoying; Wong, Daniel; Hernandez, Lucy Wong; Zhao, Qianlei

    2010-01-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a prevalent form of non-progressive cognitive impairment. The objectives of this articles are: to analyze the changes of ID in China, including its definition, prevalence, rehabilitation, education, vocational development, social life and support services; to review and to compare the issues of intellectual…

  19. [Vocational training for persons with psychiatric illnesses in Gütersloh BTZ. Occupational rehabilitation by training comprehensive key qualifications with concomitant social adjustment services, but without independent training centers--can it be done?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haug-Benien, R

    1999-11-01

    Gütersloh BTZ has practiced vocational training for the mentally handicapped since August 1995. The main goal is to place the clients into employment in the regular workforce. This is done by intensive vocational training yet without having workshops attached to the institution itself. Gütersloh BTZ is comparable to other training centres in Germany like those in Hamburg, Duisburg, Köln, Dortmund, Paderborn, Straubing, Wiesloch and Schleusingen. They are similar in terms of personnel key, financial support for participants and standards of quality. The main difference between Gütersloh BTZ and other training centres is the absence of attached workshops. In Gütersloh training takes place on the job in the regular labour market like industrial firms, craftsmen establishments and service agencies. The "heart" of Gütersloh BTZ's concept is the reference group. It consists of not more than 8 participants. Two social workers are assigned to each group and provide intensive attention from the participant's first day in BTZ to aftercare on the regular job. The individual rehabilitation aim can only be achieved by establishing a tailor-made concept of support. This calls for a broad range of media, flexible methods and individual aims. In addition to the individual orientated concept, pedagogical group-work with three to five participants plays an important role in the work. Here the emphasis is on close relationship. Incentive, start, duration and contents of internships in agencies and firms are to a high degree individually structured. A flexible graduated plan helps the participants to progress from a trial practicum to a long-term practicum and finally to a regular (and subsidized) job in an agency. The Gütersloh BTZ's quota of successful placement into the regular labour market as well as into subsidized jobs is similar to those in other BTZs in Germany. Participants who can't be placed in a job have to achieve a defined perspective of life and an alternative

  20. The Role of Social Partners in the Development of Vocational Training in a Market Economy at the Enterprise Level. Synthesis Report of Subgroup B Meeting, 7-8 March, 1997, Warsaw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gieorgica, Pawel; Luttringer, Jean-Marie

    Vocational training should be a subject of social dialogue at the enterprise level, since enterprises have an essential role in developing continuing vocational training of their employees and are concerned about initial training. European social partners agree that states, enterprises, and individuals have responsibilities in initial vocational…

  1. TAP 3: Training Program Support Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-08-01

    The Training Accreditation Program (TAP) establishes objectives and criteria against which DOE nuclear facility training is evaluated to determine readiness for accreditation. TAP 3 has been developed to assist the contractor in preparing the initial Self-Evaluation Report, Training Program Accreditation Plan, and the CSER (contractor self-evaluation report).

  2. EuroTraining - Supporting University Programmes in Nanoelectronics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ivan Ring; Bruun, Erik

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes how the EuroTraining project supports a timely introduction of new nanoelectronics university programmes in Europe. The provisions include training courses, training material and training roadmaps describing the structure and content of nanoelectronics curricula. In order...... to facilitate the European integration of the new curricula courses based on the ECTS system are offered and training material free of copyright and IPR is emphasized....

  3. How to organize a maths e-book for vocational training schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damiano Trombini

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the educational planning in order to realize a maths e-book which might be used by teachers in vocational training schools. Along with the analysis of the advantages and the efficiency that a teacher could obtain adopting this type of multimedia technology, this paper will also analyze how to organize and insert into an e-book resources which allow to implement instructional strategies such as flipped classroom, cooperative learning, peer tutoring and all the aspects relating to the learning evaluation. Come organizzare un e-book per l’insegnamento della matematica nelle classi prime di istituti ad indirizzo professionaleLo scopo di questo saggio è quello di esaminare la progettazione didattica per la realizzazione di un e-book per l’insegnamento della matematica nelle classi prime di istituti secondari di secondo grado ad indirizzo professionale. Unitamente all’analisi dei vantaggi e dell’efficacia che un docente potrebbe ottenere nell’avvalersi di questo tipo di tecnologia multimediale, si analizzeranno le modalità di organizzazione e inserimento nell’e-book di risorse che permettano di implementare strategie didattiche come la flipped classroom, cooperative learning e il peer tutoring, nonché gli aspetti che riguardano la valutazione dell’apprendimento.

  4. Examining Barriers to Internationalisation Created by Diverse Systems and Structures in Vocational Education and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Joy Shaw

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In a global society, all educational sectors need to recognise internationalism as a core, foundational principle. Whilst most educational sectors are taking up that challenge, vocational education and training (VET is still being pulled towards the national agenda in terms of its structures and systems, and the policies driving it, disadvantaging those who graduate from VET, those who teach in it, and the businesses and countries that connect with it. This paper poses questions about the future of internationalisation in the sector. It examines whether there is a way to create a VET system that meets its primary point of value, to produce skilled workers for the local labour market, while still benefitting those graduates by providing international skills and knowledge, gained from VET institutions that are international in their outlook. The paper examines some of the key barriers created by systems and structures in VET to internationalisation and suggests that the efforts which have been made to address the problem have had limited success. It suggests that only a model which gives freedom to those with a direct vested interest, students, teachers, trainers and employers, to pursue international co-operation and liaison will have the opportunity to succeed.

  5. Vocational Support Approaches in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Synthesis Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholas, David B.; Attridge, Mark; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Clarke, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    This synthesis-based analysis identifies and reviews studies evaluating vocational resources for adults with autism spectrum disorder. It is based on a larger systematic review of intervention studies in autism spectrum disorder, from which a critical interpretive synthesis was conducted on studies related to vocation and autism spectrum disorder.…

  6. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TOURISM. SPECIFIC ASPECTS WHICH INFLUENCE THE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THE QUALITY OF THEIR LEARNING EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA IRIMIEA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Vocational Education and Training for Tourism. Specific Aspects which Influence the Students’ Perception of the Quality of Their Learning Experience. Quality in education has been defined in various ways, each definition representing a different approach. Karl Popper defines human rationality by the adequacy of one’s action to a specific situation. Furthermore, the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu argues that the actions that people undertake are based on their previous life experiences and on their social and professional status. Vocational Education and Training (VET addresses young people and adults whose social status can influence their level of satisfaction with the quality of the educational process. The present article seeks to present the results of a questionnaire-based survey applied to the students who have attended the travel agent and tourism manager courses at the Centre for Tourism Training of the Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca. The data illustrate the strong influence of the variable age and previous educational experience on the subjects' satisfaction regarding some aspects of the training activities.

  7. Evaluation of the Relationship between Critical Thinking Skills and Affective Control in Child Training Students of the Female Technical and Vocational College in the City of Broujerd

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeili, Zohreh; Bagheri, Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    This study is a descriptive-correlational study with the purpose of evaluating the relationship between critical thinking skills and affective control in child training students of the female technical and Vocational College in the city of Broujerd. Statistical population of this study consisted of all students in the field of child training of…

  8. Visions and Options: A Report on Five Forums Introducing the Research Consortium on Building Vocational Education and Training Provider Capability. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Robinson, Pauline

    2008-01-01

    This publication outlines the outcomes of forums held in 2005 to introduce the consortium research program which has investigated ways of building vocational education and training (VET) provider capability. It found a range of issues were of concern to participants as they considered how registered training organisations might position themselves…

  9. Using participatory action research to improve vocational skills training for marginalised youth in Uganda : Experiences from an early school-leavers' project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tukundane, Cuthbert; Zeelen, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    Although vocational education and training is considered to be a good option for improving livelihood opportunities for marginalised youth in developing countries, it often suffers from an image problem. This situation affects the quality of entrants, instruction and skills acquisition in training

  10. The Impact on Vocational Training of Studies. Analysing and Forecasting Trends in Occupations. Case Studies in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark. CEDEFOP Document.

    Science.gov (United States)

    European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).

    This report describes a study to verify the impact on vocational training policies of research and development work carried out in the field of anticipation of educational and training needs, labor market forecasts, and skills analysis. Section I provides background. Section II presents the framework of the study. Section III includes the full…

  11. Intelligent agent supported training in virtual simulations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heuvelink, A.; Bosch, K. van den; Doesburg, W.A. van; Harbers, M.

    2009-01-01

    Simulation-based training in military decision making often requires ample personnel for playing various roles (e.g. team mates, adversaries). Usually humans are used to play these roles to ensure varied behavior required for the training of such tasks. However, there is growing conviction and evide

  12. Vocational teachers and the notion of ’good teaching’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Jensen, Lars Bang

    2016-01-01

    lines of education. Vocational teachers thus hail from a diverse range of vocational- and educational backgrounds and experience. The pedagogical course envisioned as a universal pedagogical training thus has an intrinsic problematic when facing the differentiated background and vocational training...

  13. ON IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF VOCATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. SIDOROV

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to improving the content of vocational and technological and methodical preparation of the future teachers of technology. The author tells the technology training of students of electro- physical and electrochemical methods of processing of construction materials, which utilizes the integration of natural sciences, engineering and technological disciplines, developed using the existing set of teaching and laboratory facilities. Settings allow students to study the complex physical processes experimental study of the problem. The paper also shows a feature of the organization of a laboratory practical work in the form of educational and research work of students, to teach them to perform the volume of independent work using scientific methods of theoretical and experimental studies. The role of these methods is important for the development of creative thinking of students, forming engineering design knowledge and skills, as well as the skills of independent research, which provides, in turn, higher cognitive and creative activity of students. The author presents the results of his pedagogical experiment. Thus, the introduction in the educational process UIRS going involvement of students in research work, which becomes an important part in the preparation of research methodology equips their scientific and technical thinking, develops an interest in creativity, it helps provide them with in-depth knowledge, and the ability to apply them in practice. The research work of students includes research activities not only in the educational process, but also to participate in the circles of the department in the scientific work of the laboratory.

  14. A comparative study of vocational education and occupational safety and health training in China and the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Baisheng; Huang, Xin; Xue, Fei; Chen, Jiang; Liu, Xiaobing; Meng, Yangyang; Huang, Jinxin

    2017-01-16

    In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established. However, there exist some defects in OSH. In the UK, the employer will not only pay attention to employees' physiological health, but also to their mental health. The UK's VET is characterized by classification and grading management, which helps integrate OSH into the whole education system. China can learn from the UK in the development of policies, VET and OSH training.

  15. AXIOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING (THE EXAMPLE OF BACHELOR PROGRAMS IN THE FIELD OF THE GARMENT INDUSTRY PRODUCTS DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyudmila V. Rosnovskaya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to review and study the significance of an axiological component and its mechanisms implementation for bachelor vocational training in the field of designing garment industry products.Methods. The methods involve theoretical analysis of philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature, as well as modeling and classification methods.Scientific novelty and results. An independent axiological component based on structural and content analysis of a clothes designer’s professional work is identified; the content of this component is justified and determined. The substantive characteristics of clothes designer professional competencies are determined in terms of the axiological component. The education objectives aimed at forming the axiological component of Bachelors’ of garment design competencies are classified in correlation with the functions of training. Activity-related information and specifications necessary for values related to actual practice are identified, including channels and mechanisms of translation values in the vocational education process. A model of the educational situation is elaborated, which is proposed to be used as an orientation basis for designing specific educational situations, adequate to this or that kind of value experience. The dialogue activity is shown as the most favorable environment and a form of student activities organization in the development of emotionally-valuable experience.Practical significance. The article is supposed to be used while the training process for the garment industry and the fashion industry staff.

  16. Knowledge Attitude and Behavior of Medical Technology Vocational Training School Students About Genetically Modified Organisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safak Taner Gursoy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To determine The Medical Technology Vocational Training School (MTVTS students’ the knowledge about the effects of GMO on human health and environment and to evaluate their attitude and behavior has been aimed. METHODS: All of the second class students of the year 2006-2007 of MTVTS were included (N=161 in the study, response rate was 92%. The survey questionare included questions on knowledge, the risk perception and attitute about GMOs. The legal framework in Turkey about GMOs, the rationale for GMO production, the labeling for GMO and the students’ perception of their knowledge was evaluated through 14 items with Likert scale. After the questionaire, the students received an informative brochure on GMOs. RESULTS: The open-ended question asking to define GMOs was answered by 59,2% of the students among which 35,6% defined as “additive”, 34,5% as “food with hormones”. The risk perceived for GMOs was the forth following cigarette smoking, stres, and environmental pollution in the ranking according to the risk score means. Sex has been the only determinant effecting this scoring for GMOs where girls perceived the risk greater. If family was one of the information sources about GMOs, the perceived risk was increased (p=0,000. Among the students 81,6% thought that GMO should not be grown in Turkey, 77,7% think that GMO was sold however. The leading topic of ambivalence is the state of self knowledge on GMO. The low income group are less concerned about consuming GMO for themselves or for their children (respectively p==0.003 ve p=0,012. CONCLUSION: Health workers are assigned with an important role to inform the public for healthy eating. However although the the risk perception of the study group for GMOs is high, their knowledge is low. Training activities to supply this deficiency should be implemented. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(6.000: 503-508

  17. Vigorously Promote the Peasant Workers' Vocational Skills Training%大力促进农民工职业技能培训

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周利兵

    2015-01-01

    The weak position of rural migrant workers in essence is the lack of human capital, especially for the education of less, low level of education, skills, professional quality is poor, weak ability to learn."Labor shortage" and "skilled worker shortage" coexist at the same time, fully reflects the serious shortage skilled skilled migrant workers in our country.Vigorously promote the peasant workers ' vocational skills training, to help support the transformation and upgrading of industrial structure and realize the comprehensive rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, help migrant workers stable employment in the city and settled in the city, will help carry forward Chinese traditional spirit, craftsmen modern industrial workers, promote the realization of "China", "China to create", help to eliminate social exclusion between classes, realizes the social integration and social solidarity.In order to vigorously promote the peasant workers ' vocational skills training, must adhere to government-led, increase special training funds, and detailed management, adopt various training modes, hierarchical classification training in stages.In addition, to strengthen the construction of information platform, realize the effective integration and reasonable sharing information resources, makes the migrant workers is convenient, quick access to vocational skills training information. Energized to training institutions, to strengthen the construction of teachers ' team, ensure the training effect, to realize the positive role of training and employment.%农民工的弱势地位本质上在于人力资本的欠缺,突出表现为受教育年限少、学历水平低、技能职业素质差、学习能力偏弱. "民工荒"与"技工荒"同时共存,充分反映了我国熟练技能型农民工严重供给不足. 大力促进农民工职业技能培训,有助于支撑产业结构转型升级与实现中华民族全面复兴,有助于农民工群体在城市稳定就业及落户城市,

  18. Sexual orientation, gender identity and non-discrimination - The Albanian labor legislation and its effects on employment and vocational training potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albana Shtylla

    2013-01-01

    The Constitution of the Republic of Albania, the Albanian labour legislation and the legislation generally, are inspired in accordance with the non-discrimination principles, objectives and definitions of international acts, promoting and expressing protection of human rights and freedoms in general, and in particular in the field of employment and vocational training. This paper will analyze, if the sexual orientation, is one of the causes of discrimination for employment and vocational training, in Albanian legislation, especially how it is expressed this issue on the Constitution of the Republic of Albania, the Albanian Labour Code, the Albanian law “On the protection against discrimination” ect.

  19. A System for Providing Relevant Metrics Education for Vocational Teachers in Kentucky. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosby, Richard K.

    A project conducted in four vocational regions of Kentucky developed a system for providing vocational teachers with relevant metrics education and developed and identified materials to support and enhance the system. Ten occupational training areas selected as a focus of the project were air conditioning, auto body, auto mechanics, diesel…

  20. Promotion Research of Vocational Skills Competition for the Employment Entrepreneurship Training of Vocational Students%职业技能竞赛对高职学生就业创业能力培养的促进研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 于晓红

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of summarizing the skills competition experience of inside and outside the universities, this paper highlights the promoting role of skills competition on employment entrepreneurship training of vocational students, provides fresh case for the study of higher vocational education, but also provides a theoretical reference for the effective implementation of vocational skills competition.%本文在总结以往学院参加和组织的院内外技能大赛经验的基础之上,突出职业技能竞赛对高职学生就业创业能力培养的促进作用,为高等职业教育研究提供鲜活的案例,也为职业技能竞赛的有效开展提供理论上的参考。

  1. A systematic review of income generation interventions, including microfinance and vocational skills training, for HIV prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Caitlin E; Fonner, Virginia A; O'Reilly, Kevin R; Sweat, Michael D

    2014-01-01

    Income generation interventions, such as microfinance or vocational skills training, address structural factors associated with HIV risk. However, the effectiveness of these interventions on HIV-related outcomes in low- and middle-income countries has not been synthesized. The authors conducted a systematic review by searching electronic databases from 1990 to 2012, examining secondary references, and hand-searching key journals. Peer-reviewed studies were included in the analysis if they evaluated income generation interventions in low- or middle-income countries and provided pre-post or multi-arm measures on behavioral, psychological, social, care, or biological outcomes related to HIV prevention. Standardized forms were used to abstract study data in duplicate and study rigor was assessed. Of the 5218 unique citations identified, 12 studies met criteria for inclusion. Studies were geographically diverse, with six conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, three in South or Southeast Asia, and three in Latin America and the Caribbean. Target populations included adult women (N = 6), female sex workers/bar workers (N = 3), and youth/orphans (N = 3). All studies targeted females except two among youth/orphans. Study rigor was moderate, with two group-randomized trials and two individual-randomized trials. All interventions except three included some form of microfinance. Only a minority of studies found significant intervention effects on condom use, number of sexual partners, or other HIV-related behavioral outcomes; most studies showed no significant change, although some may have had inadequate statistical power. One trial showed a 55% reduction in intimate partner violence (adjusted risk ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.23-0.91). No studies measured incidence/prevalence of HIV or sexually transmitted infections among intervention recipients. The evidence that income generation interventions influence HIV-related behaviors and outcomes is inconclusive. However, these

  2. ONLINE PLATFORM AND TRAINING METHODOLOGY IN MOBIVET 2.0: THE OPTIMUM TOOL FOR SELF-DIRECTED LEARNERS AND TRAINERS IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin IONITESCU

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a summary of the activities and the results with an impact in vocational education and training from the implementation of the MOBIVET 2.0 project. The project envisaged that the future of teaching would rapidly vacate the classroom and become heavily involved in distance-learning using Multimedia/Internet. The revolution from the classroom lecturer’s “talk and chalk” to independent Mobile E-Learning requires a completely new and different didactical approach. Education process gets more focused on the availability and mobility needs of the students and more adapted to the changes in technology, as mobile devices become more versatile, software changes every few months and the wireless transfer rates increase. This process requires new teaching methodologies, training of trainers to keep them updated and validation of the best practices in the educational field. An online Learning Management System was implemented, a wide range of devices were used, ranging from desktop computers, to laptops, tablets and smartphones (with different Operating Systems, browsers and screen sizes and resolutions to develop and test a number of seven courses in different study areas. Teachers and students from vocational education and training (VET were assisted in the process and this lead to the development of a “VET Teachers manual in using Mobile Web 2.0 tools and applications in online training and tutoring”, an “online training and tutoring methodology” and a “self-evaluation methodology”, with step-by-step guidance for users. The technical testing and the piloting activities in the project revealed that by using mobile technologies in teaching, the availability of information increases and thus educational activities better serve their purpose for the students. Also, the use of laptops, smartphones and tablets was preferred by the participants over the desktop computers in a ratio of 3:1, thus emphasizing the need for

  3. Business Simulations Applied in Support of ERP Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conroy, George

    2012-01-01

    This quantitative, quasi-experimental study examined the application of a business simulation against training in support of an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system. Defining more effective training strategies is a critical concern for organizational leaders and stakeholders concerned by today's economic challenges. The scope of this…

  4. Mobile Contextualized learning games for decision support training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klemke, Roland; Börner, Dirk; Suarez, Angel; Schneider, Jan; Antonaci, Alessandra

    2015-01-01

    This interactive workshop session introduces mobile serious games as situated, contextualized learning games. Example cases for mobile serious games for decision support training are introduced and discussed. Participants will get to know contextualization techniques used in modern mobile devices

  5. Mobile Contextualized learning games for decision support training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klemke, Roland

    2014-01-01

    This interactive workshop session introduces mobile serious games as situated, contextualized learning games. Example cases for mobile serious games for decision support training are introduced and discussed. Participants will get to know contextualization techniques used in modern mobile devices a

  6. 基于胜任素质模型的高职学生就业能力培养%Vocational Students' Employability Training Based on Competency Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庚

    2014-01-01

    高职学生的就业能力培养是一项系统工程,依据企业人力资源管理中胜任素质模型,培养符合企业需要的应用型技术人才,对于提高高职教育人才培养质量,提高高职学生的就业能力具有重要的促进作用。%Vocational students' employability training is a systematic project, according to human resource manage-ment competency model, develops applications in line with business needs and technical personnel, to improve the quality of vocational education training personnel, improving the employability of vocational students have important role in promoting.

  7. Hybrid qualifications. Increasing the value of vocational education and training in the comtext of Lifelong Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Lindvig, Katrine

    The aim of this second report is to present the results of an empirical study of the perceptions and views of the key stakeholders (teachers, learners, employers, policy-makers) in relation to hybrid qualifications (vocational and general qualifications). A special attention is given to the new h...

  8. Attractiveness of Initial Vocational Education and Training: Identifying What Matters. Research Paper No 39

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Stereotypes prevail: many Europeans still opt for a vocational educational pathway as second choice when deciding about a future career. Despite being high on European and national policy agendas for more than a decade, and despite all efforts made, VET is no more attractive in most countries today than it was some years ago. Building on a system…

  9. Return to General Education and Vocational Education & Training in Indian Context: Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Tutan; Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Measurement of returns to vocational education has always remained a matter of controversy (Psacharopoulos, 1994; Bennell and Segerstrom, 1998; Ziderman, 1997). Based upon the return evidence many World Bank projects were scrapped (Middleton and Ziderman, 1997, Bennell and Segerstrom, 1998). However, there is again a growing interest for…

  10. Using Blogging and Laptop Computers to Improve Writing Skills on a Vocational Training Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsden, Nick; Piggot-Irvine, Eileen

    2012-01-01

    The action research project described in this paper was part of an initiative to bring about change in the way courses are delivered in the vocational trades area at UNITEC New Zealand. We decided to focus on students' writing on a new Level 3 course--the Certificate in Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (C.A.M.E.) in which all participants had…

  11. 高职院校辅导员专业化培训的现状分析及对策建议--基于对广东五所高职院校的问卷调查%Current status and countermeasures of professional training of counselors in higher vocational colleges--Based on questionnaire investigation on five higher vocational colleges in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈楚瑞

    2013-01-01

      Based on the questionnaire survey of counselors in five vocational colleges in Guangdong Province, the team found that professional counselors in training process has shorter training time, narrow training content, single training methods, aiming at the problem is not strong and so on, and put forward the training content of innovation, establish professional training system of scientific supporting innovative training methods, to establish"interchange"flexible training methods, to further enhance the vocational college counselors ideological and political quality and management ability of student, to promote an active role in promoting the specialization, occupation development.%  基于对广东省五所高职院校辅导员的问卷调查,课题组发现辅导员专业化培训过程中存在着培训时间较短、培训内容狭窄、培训方式单一、针对性不强等问题,提出了创新培训内容,建立科学配套的专业化培训体系;创新培训方法,建立“立体交叉”灵活多样的培训方式等对策建议,为进一步提升高职院校辅导员队伍的思想政治素质和学生管理能力,促进其专业化、职业化发展起到积极地推动作用。

  12. Professional Knowledge of Child Support Staff: Evidence from the New Jersey Child Support Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chien-Chung; Blake, Allison; Edwards, Richard L.; Liu, Chieh-Wen; Nolan, Robert B.; Rusen, Barbara; Thompson, Dina

    2010-01-01

    Child support enforcement (CSE) has experienced dramatic changes in the last decade; however, it is not clear whether child support staff is fully aware of the development. Using data from the New Jersey child support training program (n = 530), this article aims to evaluate the professional knowledge of child support staff. The results show that…

  13. "Not All of Us Finns Communicate the Same Way Either": Teachers' Perceptions of Interculturality in Upper Secondary Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Itkonen, Tuija; Talib, Mirja-Tytti; Dervin, Fred

    2015-01-01

    This article examines teachers' perspectives on interculturality and diversity within the context of upper secondary vocational education and training (VET) in Finland. Increasing diversity in VET education challenges teachers' sense of interculturality and their readiness to interact with and treat the "other" fairly. Compared to other…

  14. Are Graduates Preferred to Those Completing Initial Vocational Education and Training? Case Studies on Company Recruitment Strategies in Germany, England and Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hippach-Schneider, Ute; Weigel, Tanja; Brown, Alan; Gonon, Philipp

    2013-01-01

    The German and Swiss economies value skilled work highly and initial vocational education and training (IVET) has been the predominant traditional pathway into such work. However, concerns about a more "knowledge-based society" and the "academic shift in the labour market" are starting to undermine the status associated with…

  15. Apprentice or Student? The Structures of Construction Industry Vocational Education and Training in Denmark and Sweden and their Possible Consequences for Safety Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grytnes, Regine; Grill, Martin; Pousette, Anders

    2017-01-01

    There is a notable difference in occupational injury rates in the two Scandinavian countries, Sweden and Denmark, with the latter having a 40% higher rate of fatal occupational injuries in the construction industry. This study explored differences in the vocational education and training (VET) sy...... promote various forms of safety learning among students....

  16. From the Reality of Work to Grounded Work-Based Learning in German Vocational Education and Training: Background, Concept and Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gessler, Michael; Howe, Falk

    2015-01-01

    The "Riga Conclusions" of the European Ministries of Education of 22 June 2015 for the orientation of vocational education and training in Europe are promoting work-based learning as one of five "medium-term deliverables" for the next five years. But: How should and can work-based teaching and learning be designed? Our approach…

  17. Individual Learning on Environmental Vocational Education and Training Courses Does Not Always Lead to the Workplace Application of Knowledge and Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Fiona; Oltean-Dumbrava, Crina; Kara-Zaitri, Chakib; Newbury, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Empirical research on three commercial environmental vocational education and training programmes revealed distinct personal, teaching and work-based presage factors, which influenced individual learning and learning transfer to the workplace. The extent to which behaviour change and learning transfer occurred depended on a diverse range of…

  18. Introduction of Core Based Subjects in the Curriculum of Technical and Vocational Institutions in Ghana: Assessment of Its Effect on Practical Training Sessions

    Science.gov (United States)

    William, Otu

    2015-01-01

    Technical education among other things focuses on training the skill manpower needs of the youth in most countries of which Ghana is no exception. This study looks at Ghana Education Service technical and vocational sector reform programme introduced in 2010 with emphasis on the introduction of compulsory core based subjects and its effect on…

  19. Orienting Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development: A Discussion Paper. UNESCO-UNEVOC Discussion Paper Series. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This discussion paper presents an overview of key concepts, trends and issues in the field of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for sustainable development. It examines interlinkages between the world of work and environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainable development, as well as ways in which TVET can be…

  20. The Joint CEDEFOP/ETF Project on 'Scenarios and Strategies for Vocational Training and Lifelong Learning in Europe': A Contribution to the Debate on the Future of Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellin, Burkart

    A project in Europe is working to improve the quality of work, promote equal opportunities, combat exclusion and poverty; promote lasting economic growth and a European Union economic policy; and promote sustainable development and quality of life. In order to achieve these goals, three main objectives for vocational education and training (VET)…

  1. Individual Learning on Environmental Vocational Education and Training Courses Does Not Always Lead to the Workplace Application of Knowledge and Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Fiona; Oltean-Dumbrava, Crina; Kara-Zaitri, Chakib; Newbury, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Empirical research on three commercial environmental vocational education and training programmes revealed distinct personal, teaching and work-based presage factors, which influenced individual learning and learning transfer to the workplace. The extent to which behaviour change and learning transfer occurred depended on a diverse range of…

  2. Identify Administrative Support Necessary to Implement CBVE. Self-Instructional Competency-Based Professional Teacher Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oen, Urban T.

    This publication is part of a series of self-instructional teacher training manuals designed to assist vocational-technical educators or industrial trainers to develop and implement competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs in a school or industrial setting. The manual consists of the following sections: cover page that contains the…

  3. De La Salle Vocational Supportive Life Skills Learning Program Off Campus. Operational Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaus, Charles, Ed.

    Serving as a course planning guide and field aide, this handbook describes the philosophy, policies, and procedures of the De La Salle Vocational off-campus community-based day treatment center designed to effect the reshaping of basic values and attitudes of youngsters who are identified by the courts as maladjusted. Separate sections explain the…

  4. Final priorities; Rehabilitation Services Administration--Capacity Building Program for Traditionally Underserved Populations--vocational rehabilitation training institute for the preparation of personnel in American Indian Vocation Rehabilitation Services projects. Final priorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-14

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces two priorities under the Capacity Building Program for Traditionally Underserved Populations administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA). The Assistant Secretary may use one or more of these priorities for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later years. Priority 1 establishes a new vocational rehabilitation (VR) training institute for the preparation of personnel in American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services (AIVRS) projects (the Institute). Priority 2 requires a partnership between a four-year institution of higher education (IHE) and a two-year community college or tribal college. This partnership is designed to successfully implement the VR training Institute established in Priority 1. In addition, the partnership agreement required under Priority 2 provides a brief description of how the partnership will be managed, the partners' roles and responsibilities and a strategy for sustaining the partnership after the Federal investment ends.

  5. Vocational outcomes for persons with severe physical disabilities: Design and implementation of workplace supports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inge, Katherine J.; Strobel, Wendy; Wehman, Paul; Todd, Jennifer; Targett, Pam

    2000-01-01

    Clearly, the need for a skilled labor pool is great in today's economy. Yet, many people with significant disabilities are struggling to find jobs with the majority of them unemployed or underemployed [6]. There is a need to develop strategies that can effectively empower these individuals to become part of the nation's labor force. This article describes one model project that used person-centered career plans, supported employment, and on-the-job assistive technology assessment and training to assist 21 individuals to become competitively employed. Customers worked an average of 15.66 months earning an average of $7,271 in total wages. They were hired by both small and large businesses to do a variety of tasks to include data entry, customer service, clerical assistance, as well as food prep. While the findings are preliminary, the results indicate that individuals with severe physical disabilities can maintain employment by combining supported employment and assistive technology within the workplace.

  6. Ergonomic analysis of work activity for the purpose of developing training programs: the contribution of ergonomics to vocational didactics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouellet, Sylvie

    2012-01-01

    Questions related to job skills and the teaching situations that best promote skill development are investigated by specialists in various fields, notably among them, ergonomists. This paper presents the findings of an ergonomic intervention study whose aim was to develop a meat-deboning training program by taking into account both the training content to be constructed and the working conditions that might facilitate or hinder skill development. One-on-one interviews and group discussions, on-the-job and videotape playback observations, as well as self-confrontation interviews were carried out. Activity analysis revealed major variability in work methods. The reasoning behind the experienced workers' actions and the experiential job knowledge they had developed were brought to light and served to develop the training content. The determining factors in the choice of work methods were identified, allowing adjustments to be made to the working conditions that might hinder skill development. The ergonomic process that implied taking working conditions into account in our study may make a significant contribution to vocational didactics, which is based on the cognitive analysis of work for the purpose of improving the effectiveness of job-skills training.

  7. International Standards in Vocational Education and Training for Financial Services Sector to Ensure Sustainable Development and Environmental Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigova Maria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the Triple E Project developed by EBTN for the purpose to work out qualifications standards for finance services sector in the focus of sustainable development and environmental safety. The Triple E is based on the three instruments – European qualification framework and concept of learning outcomes (EQF, credit system (ECVET and quality assurance (EQAVET for vocational education and training. These three systems are the building blocks of European policy in vocational education and qualifications system with the task to strengthen the integration processes in the European educational area. They also take into account the concept of UNESCO in the field of education and sustainable development. Besides, the article traces the history of relations between educational providers, employers and public authorities in the Russian Federation in the context of setting requirements for learning outcomes and qualifications. The concepts of qualification, velocity of changes in educational standards, the establishment of a national system of qualifications of the Russian Federation, the emergence of professional standards are carefully analyzed. Current and potential problems in the assessment of qualifications are referred to. It is stressed that the volume of open data in the area of professional development, education and labor should be increased and the quality thereof significantly improved.

  8. The Composition and Training Strategies of Higher Vocational College Teachers' Education Capacity and Teaching Abilities%高职教师教育教学能力构成及培训策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江涛

    2012-01-01

    高等职业教育的内涵建设在于不断提升教育教学质量,而教师教育教学能力是影响教学质量的关键因素。通过文献研究,从三方面构建高职教师教育教学能力的组成体系:基本教学能力、专业教学能力和教学科研能力,探讨教师教育教学能力培训的策略:树立开放的学习与培训理念,开展教师教育教学能力培训与测评工作,制度设计上的企业实践与培训支持。%Contents and software construction of Higher Vocational Education is to continuously improve the quality of education and teaching, which is crucially affected by teachers' education capacity and teaching abilities. Relied on research of literature, this thesis builds an integral system of Higher Vocational Education teachers' education capacity and teaching abilities from three aspects: the basic teaching ability, professional teaching ability, teaching and research capacity. In addition, it probes the following training strategies of vocational college teachers' education capacity and teaching abilities: establishing open learning and training philosophy, carrying out the training and evaluation of teachers' education capacity and teaching abilities, business practices and training support in terms of the system design.

  9. EMPOWERING NIGERIAN YOUTHS THROUGH TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR ENHANCING NATIONAL SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caleb Chidozie Chinedu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Nigerian government had initiated several youth empowerment programmes through TVET, but a lot of these programmes lack structure and their impact not felt by the nation’s youths. This is evident in the substantial number of youth that still lack work skills-which often results to unemployment, insecurity, loss of lives and properties and chaos. The study therefore, sought to investigate, TVET empowerment skills required by youths as a means for enhancing national security. Descriptive survey research design was used and data was obtained using a structured questionnaire known as the Empowerment Skill Inventory Checklist (ESIC. Eighty five TVET lecturers in post-secondary vocational institutions took part in the study. Findings revealed that youths require vocational skills in areas such as horticulture, business, engineering and construction works. Also recommended techniques and strategies for career development that include specific skills such as business skills, financial management skills, basic computation skills, communication skills and adaptation skills.

  10. Training of Meta-cognitive Strategy in English Reading Teaching of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘业胜

    2012-01-01

    English teaching strategy has undergone a gradually rational process.In second language teaching,meta-cognitive strategy plays an important role in improving reading teaching.This paper mainly focuses on meta-cognitive strategies and English reading teaching significance,and puts forward some ideas on how to use meta-cognitive strategies to improve the effects of reading teaching based on higher vocational English teaching.

  11. "Who am I supposed to let down?": The caring work and emotional practices of vocational educational training teachers working with potential drop-out students

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lippke, Lena

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – Because of high drop-out rates among the students entering vocational education in Denmark retention of students has become pivotal to Danish educational policy. Thus vocational educational training (VET) colleges have been asked to work on implementing different kinds of retention...... the VET system and policy makers within education. Handling both the possibilities and the pitfalls of emotional practices requires that teachers are not left alone feeling responsible for the fate of their students. Originality/value – The paper contributes with descriptions of how emotions can...

  12. On the Definition for Personnel Training Aim of Higher Vocational Education%论高等职业教育人才培养目标的定义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓福田

    2012-01-01

    Since higher vocational education becomes more and more flourishing and characteristic after its thirty years develop- ment,the definition for the aim of personnel training is more and more inconsonant. In this text, the author tried to examine it from congruent relationship between higher vocational education and social talented person,species relationship between higher vocational education and higher education, then defined the aim of higher personnel training of vocational education as "technology oriented higher special talent" by means of semantic analysis to the aim of personnel training.%高等职业教育经过三十年的发展。规模越来越大,特色越来越鲜明,但是人才培养目标的定义却越来越不统一。文章从高等职业教育与社会人才的对应关系和与高等教育属种关系等方面进行审视,通过对人才培养目标的语义分析.把高等职业教育人才培养目标的定义表述为“技能型高级专门人才”。

  13. The model of the first-year students’ adaptation to vocational training: the example of foreign language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galishninkova Elena M.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of adaptation of the first-year students to professional activity by means of foreign language. To design the adaptation model, we developed four-block questionnaires to determine students’ readiness for adaptation. The experiment resulted in the three groups of students with high, average and low levels of adaptation. Students with low level of adaptation become the target of our research. To remove the difficulties in studying a foreign language by the third group of students, an adaptation model was elaborated. Further, we identified the conditions for the effective implementation of the adaptation model of students to vocational training. In our view, these pedagogical conditions promote a more “sparing” transition of students to their main function as first-year students and increase the level of foreign language learning as well as improve the educational indicators.

  14. Medical Support for ISS Crewmember Training in Star City, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chough, Natacha; Pattarini, James; Cole, Richard; Patlach, Robert; Menon, Anil

    2017-01-01

    Medical support of spaceflight training operations across international lines is a unique circumstance with potential applications to other aerospace medicine support scenarios. KBRwyle's Star City Medical Support Group (SCMSG) has fulfilled this role since the Mir-Shuttle era, with extensive experience and updates to share with the greater AsMA community. OVERVIEW: The current Soyuz training flow for assigned ISS crewmembers takes place in Star City, Russia. Soyuz training flow involves numerous activities that pose potential physical and occupational risks to crewmembers, including centrifuge runs and pressurized suit simulations at ambient and hypobaric pressures. In addition, Star City is a relatively remote location in a host nation with variable access to reliable, Western-standard medical care. For these reasons, NASA's Human Health & Performance contract allocates full-time physician support to assigned ISS crewmembers training in Star City. The Star City physician also treats minor injuries and illnesses as needed for both long- and short-term NASA support personnel traveling in the area, while working to develop and maintain relationships with local health care resources in the event of more serious medical issues that cannot be treated on-site. The specifics of this unique scope of practice will be discussed. SIGNIFICANCE: ISS crewmembers training in Star City are at potential physical and occupational risk of trauma or dysbarism during nominal Soyuz training flow, requiring medical support from an on-duty aerospace medicine specialist. This support maintains human health and performance by preserving crewmember safety and well-being for mission success; sharing information regarding this operational model may contribute to advances in other areas of international, military, and civilian operational aerospace medicine.

  15. Medical Support for ISS Crewmember Training in Star City, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chough, Natacha; Pattarini, James; Cole, Richard; Patlach, Robert; Menon, Anil

    2017-01-01

    Medical support of spaceflight training operations across international lines is a unique circumstance with potential applications to other aerospace medicine support scenarios. KBRwyle's Star City Medical Support Group (SCMSG) has fulfilled this role since the Mir-Shuttle era, with extensive experience and updates to share with the greater AsMA community. OVERVIEW: The current Soyuz training flow for assigned ISS crewmembers takes place in Star City, Russia. Soyuz training flow involves numerous activities that pose potential physical and occupational risks to crewmembers, including centrifuge runs and pressurized suit simulations at ambient and hypobaric pressures. In addition, Star City is a relatively remote location in a host nation with variable access to reliable, Western-standard medical care. For these reasons, NASA's Human Health & Performance contract allocates full-time physician support to assigned ISS crewmembers training in Star City. The Star City physician also treats minor injuries and illnesses as needed for both long- and short-term NASA support personnel traveling in the area, while working to develop and maintain relationships with local health care resources in the event of more serious medical issues that cannot be treated on-site. The specifics of this unique scope of practice will be discussed. SIGNIFICANCE: ISS crewmembers training in Star City are at potential physical and occupational risk of trauma or dysbarism during nominal Soyuz training flow, requiring medical support from an on-duty aerospace medicine specialist. This support maintains human health and performance by preserving crewmember safety and well-being for mission success; sharing information regarding this operational model may contribute to advances in other areas of international, military, and civilian operational aerospace medicine.

  16. Features of influence of inservice training on a physical condition and health of pupils of vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Topylko N.J.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Negative influence of hypokinesia is considered on the morphological and functional state, capacity and health of students. 50 students (first course, age - 15-16 years and 50 students of school are inspected (10 class, age - 15-16 years. A necessity is marked for strengthening of role of physical education on the initial stage of studies in vocational school. Importance is rotined athletic-health-improvement employments for the increase of capacity and improvement morphological and functional the states of organism of students.

  17. Countering Macro-structure in the Location of Area Vocational Training Centers: Implications for Emerging Rural Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelock, Gerald C.; And Others

    Vocational education programs/facilities in Alabama's 67 counties were examined to determine the degree of Vocational Education Act (VEA) success in achieving equitable distribution of vocational education facilities and programs and to explore the implications of ignoring the usual community structural prerequisites to locating an Area Vocational…

  18. The Peripheralisation of the Danish Vocational Education System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Karin Topsø

    2013-01-01

    In the past decade, the Vocational Education Training System (VET) in Denmark has undergone a downturn in which fewer and fewer students apply for and complete a vocational education. Choosing a vocational education has become synonymous with choosing the losing team. The result is a drastic drop...... in metropolitan areas and support a migration flow of young educated people from rural municipalities toward metropolitan areas....... in the supply of vocationally trained labour. This is especially problematic for labour markets in non-metropolitan areas, where a number of production- and service- firms are still located. At the same time more and more youth are choosing and completing academic education programs, which target work places...

  19. Training to Support Standardization and Improvement of Configuration Management Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dauber, V.; Scheffer, N.; Schoenfelder, C.

    2015-07-01

    In recent years AREVA has conducted several measures to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of configuration management-related activities within a nuclear power plant (NPP) new build as well as modernization projects, thereby further strengthening its commitment to achieving the highest level of safety in nuclear facilities. This paper describes a new training course that shall support the standardization and improvement of configuration management activities. Recommendations will be given that should be considered when designing and developing comparable training programs to support change processes within engineering units. (Author)

  20. Development of an E-Learning instructional model for vocational training in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Triyono, Bruri M.; Köhler, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to produce an E-learning instructional model for vocational schools (VS) in Indonesia by implementing a system of E-learning instructional design that allows teachers to develop and teach their own e-learning lessons. This study reports a design-based research and development activity which was performed over three years, 2012-2014. In the first year, assessment and development of criteria for E-learning & instructional design in VS and its indicators were performed. The se...

  1. Overcoming the Gender Contradictions in the System of Higher Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. A. Lukinskaya

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the research results relating to the peculiarities of gender interaction in the higher vocational education, defined as being inconsistent and contradictory. The methodological basis incorporates the studies by the Russian and foreign scientists taking the androgyny as the optimal model of gender interaction. The authors present their model of gender behavior integrating the best traits of feminine and masculine behavior in professional sphere, and based on the analysis of such concepts of gender pedagogy as gender asymmetry, the gender stereotype, the gender display, and their manifestations in educational process. 

  2. Project DAVES: An Exploratory Study of Social Presence, E-Mentoring, and Vocational Counseling Support in Community College Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrum, Lynne; English, Mary C.; Galizio, Lyndsie M.

    2012-01-01

    A FIPSE-funded project was designed to provide support and training to community college faculty electronically, and to develop a model to offer innovative, interactive strategies to support their students' academic and career needs. The goal of the mentoring/coaching program has been to support instructors in their online efforts, provide…

  3. 34 CFR 403.140 - What activities does the Secretary support under the State Assistance for Vocational Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION... special prevocational education programs. (5) Career intern programs. (6) Model programs for school dropouts. (7) The assessment of students' needs in relation to vocational education and jobs. (8) Guidance...

  4. Planetary gear train ring gear and support structure investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valco, Mark J.

    1992-01-01

    Most helicopter transmissions utilize a planetary gear train as the final speed reduction stage. Due to weight constraints these transmissions have high power-to-weight ratios and relatively flexible structures. This investigation addresses the analysis of planetary gear trains with the ring gear mounted on a flexible support structure. The approach utilizes recent advances in automated contact methods for nonlinear finite element analysis. Rather than using a line of action spring to model gear pair mesh stiffness, finite element models of complete gears are developed, and the elastic gear members are engaged and rolled through mesh. The procedure includes detailed gear tooth geometry with profile modifications. A nonlinear approach is required due to large displacements associated with gear rotation and nonlinear boundary conditions associated with the gear tooth surface contact. The updated Lagrangian formulation and the MARC K-4.1 automated contact features are applied in the analysis. The ring gear support structure is modeled by an elastic foundation linking the ring gear to a rigid support. Calculation of gear pair deflections, stresses, transmission error, and mesh stiffness through the gear meshing cycle are demonstrated for external and internal spur gear pairs and a planetary gear train. Issues relating to the accuracy of the nonlinear finite element contact method, gear mesh stiffness, transmission error, and the planetary gear train elastic support structure are discussed.

  5. Exploring differential effects of supervisor support on transfer of training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijman, D.J.J.M.; Nijhof, W.J.; Wognum, A.A.M.; Veldkamp, B.P.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this article is to provide further insight into the relationship between supervisor support and transfer of training, by taking into account the effects of other transfer‐influencing factors in a systemic approach of the transfer process. Design/methodology/approach – A rev

  6. Training with inspiratory pressure support in patients with severe COPD.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hul, A. van 't; Gosselink, R.; Hollander, P.; Postmus, P.; Kwakkel, G.

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluates the effects of training with noninvasive ventilatory support in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a randomised, controlled, observer-blinded trial. Twenty-nine patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and with a ventilatory limited exercise

  7. 试论当前高职师资培训的困境与对策%An Exploration on Dilemma and Strategies as to Vocational Teacher Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李臣娟

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: Exploiting teachers'proficiency and improving their working competency proves the cru- cial segment for improving vocational colleges' teaching quality and realizing target of vocational talent cultivation , while teachers'training is the effective approach and paramount section in swift stimulating teachers' proficiency and competency, thus enhancing teachers' training has become ur- gent for vocational education. With the analysis on the dilemma of Chinese teachers'training, es- say promoted related strategies on consolidating teachers'training.%开发教师的潜能、提高教师的业务能力是提高高职院校教学质量、实现高职教育人才培养目标的关键,而师资培训正是快速激发教师潜能、提高教师业务能力的有效方法和重要环节。当前加强师资培训已成为高职教育发展的迫切需要,文章通过对我国师资培训的困境进行分析,对如何加强高职师资培训提出了相应的对策。

  8. Vocational education and training and innovation%职业教育和培训与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hubert Ertl; Peter Sloane

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines vocational education and training referring to processes of innovation, arguing that innovation has to be accompanied by education, which itself is marked by innovation processes. The article reveals developments that lead to modernisation pressures in post-modern societies and challenge education and training systems considerably. Against this background, it takes a closer look at the German system of vocational education and training. Based on a short analysis of the specific principles and structures of the German system, its main crises and reforms over the last three decades are presented. It is revealed that every crisis has led to innovations and reforming processes which changed the system to certain extents. Within this context, the arguably most important step of reform in recent years,more detail. The basic ideas and principles of this curricular innovation are described, and the challenges posed by this concept are discussed critically.%本文主要论述了职业教育和培训与创新过程的关系,认为创新需与教育结合,而教育本身也在经理创新的过程,指出了导致后现代科学现代化压力的发展趋势及其对教育和培训体系的挑战.针对这种现状,文章重点考察了德国职业教育和培训体系,分析了德国体系的特点和结构以及近三十年来的主要危机与改革的措施.文章指出每次危机的发生都带动了创新和改革的发展,特别介绍了今年来最重要的改革发展步骤,即所谓的"实地学习概念",文中详细介绍了教学模块创新的基本思想和原则.

  9. The Effectiveness of Staff Support: Evaluating Active Support Training Using a Conditional Probability Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felce, David; Bowley, Clare; Baxter, Helen; Jones, Edwin; Lowe, Kathy; Emerson, Eric

    2000-01-01

    Active Support, a package of procedures which includes activity planning, support planning, and training on providing effective assistance, was evaluated in five community residences serving 19 adults with severe mental retardation. Findings indicated that the likelihood of a resident engaging in activity significantly increased following staff…

  10. The legal protection of migrant workers to vocational training%论农民工职业培训权的法律保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马良君

    2011-01-01

    For making up the obstacles of legal oversight of migrant workers' right of vocational training,we have to overcome the legal insufficient,to enhance the rule level,to construct the supervision of law and perfect judicial relief system in order to effectively protect the right of the migrant workers in the implementation of vocational training.%要弥补造成农民工职业培训权实现障碍的法律上的疏漏,完善法律规定、提高规范层级、构建法律监督与救济制度,以切实保障农民工职业培训权的落实。

  11. Reflections on Constructing Tracking Evaluation System about Secondary Vocational Teacher Training Quality%中职师资培训质量跟踪评价体系构建的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李斌; 何应森

    2015-01-01

    Based on comprehension of the concept of training quality and tracking assessment, the paper interprets the connotation of tracking assessment for secondary vocational teachers’training. According to the idea of integral training and necessity of completeness for evaluation system, the contents of assessment are as follows: follow-up management and service guidance, knowledge and skills transference of the trainees, feedback of sending units, training program monitoring and support by educational administrative department. In addition, the base of effectiveness examination for training quality is to set up tracking assessment system for training quality.%基于对培训质量和跟踪概念的理解,诠释中职师资培训质量跟踪评价的内涵。根据完整性培训理念和培训评价体系在完备性上的要求,把培训机构的后续管理与服务指导、受训教师在工作中知识和技能的迁移情况、派送单位的反馈以及教育行政主管部门对培训项目开展的监控和支持作为设计评价的主要内容。

  12. Enhancing quality of vocational training outcome to satisfy the labor market demands in Kuwait by using Quality Function Deployment method (QFD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riyadh Mohammed Ali Hamza

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a system to enhance the quality of vocational training programs in Kuwait state by using the concept of Quality Function Deployment (QFD.Approach: The approach starts by investigating the private sector of the labor market. The interviewing of a sample group of the private sector companies was done to know their expectation of the performance of vocational training outcomes. Then, QFD was applied to find the technical requirements, which will help in satisfying the market’s expectations to design a new program that leads to enhancement of the quality of the outcome of the Vocational Training. The house of quality technique allows prioritizing the technical descriptors based on the technical difficulty, target value, absolute weight, and relative weight.Findings: The first priority that found from applying the QFD  is the parameter “Practice to Be Willing in Learning- Applying New Technologies” because of its highest relative weight 195 points followed by the parameter “Understanding The Need to Learn New Skills” which has a relative weight of 165 points. The second priority is the parameter “Simulation Activities” because it has a relative weight of 152 points followed by the parameter “Managing Tasks and Meeting Deadlines” which has a relative weight of 146 points. The third priority is the parameter “Using IT Skills to Complete Activities” because of it has a relative weight is 132 points followed by the parameter “Time Management Activities” which has a relative weight is 112 points.Research limitation: The research limitation is in the changing of the current curriculum program. Practical implications: The practical implication is to modify the students’ vocational training curriculum, by adapting new technologies and application sequences of activities and solution strategies within the time limit.Value: The value of this paper is to explain how a studying

  13. Get a Vocation: Keeping on Top of Studies--Reducing the Drop-Out Rate in Vocational Upper Secondary Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jappinen, Aini-Kristiina

    2009-01-01

    The Finnish Ministry of education commissioned a study in 2006-07 on reducing the number of drop-outs, "Get a vocation--keeping on top of studies". The aim of the study was to establish the good practices and operating models underpinning reduction in drop-outs. The study indicates that an educational institution that fosters commitment…

  14. From the Reality of Work to Grounded Work-Based Learning in German Vocational Education and Training: Background, Concept and Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Gessler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The "Riga Conclusions" of the European Ministries of Education of 22 June 2015 for the orientation of vocational education and training in Europe are promoting work-based learning as one of five "medium-term deliverables" for the next five years. But: How should and can work-based teaching and learning be designed? Our approach was developed within the German Dual VET System. Therefore it is not surprising that the work reality is for us the major principle for designing curricula and learning settings. As a starting point for developing didactical measures in the field of vocational education and training it is crucial in this approach to identify practices, routines and experiences of skilled workers that are experts for what they are doing. What are those people doing when handling a task, how are they acting, what work objects and tools are they operating with, and what requirements do they have to be aware of? To answer these kinds of questions, the real work in practice must be explored. A useful approach for doing this is a vocational work process analysis. The next step comprises developing a workbased learning project for the classroom. These two steps, vocational work process analysis and work-based learning projects, build the core of the article and enable a grounded work-based learning. Additional the changing priorities of curriculum design in the last century are introduced to reach a better understanding of the background and the actual work-oriented focus in German Dual VET. Our key proposition is: If work-based learning in vocational schools is wanted, the gap between the reality of work and the formal learning settings has to be closed.

  15. PRINCIPALS OF ORGANISATION OF STUDYING TRAINING USING ICT IN THE VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larysa M. Olifira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with training as a form of education process organization. The main principles and organization forms are in the scope of the article. The role and the place of training in the sphere of management competence of education managers on the ICT basis are analyzed.

  16. Sectoral Perspectives on the Benefits of Vocational Education and Training. Research Paper No. 22

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The report confirms the importance of training for the European Union (EU) industrial policy. It demonstrates that sectors where training is firmly integrated in human resource practices have higher productivity gains. Such economic benefits are not only realised through developing workers' skills, but also thanks to higher job satisfaction and…

  17. Public Vocational Training in Japan: the Experience and Inspiration as a Quasi-market Mechanism%日本的公共职业训练:准市场机制的实践与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘国翰; 阳盛益; 张建伟

    2012-01-01

    The public vocational training in Japan is a typical quasi-market mechanism. This mechanism includes the de- manders and providers of public vocational training, and the contents of public vocational training. Although the central govern- ment and local governments are leading force of the public vocational training, enterprises, enterprise alliances, social socie- ties, foundations, unions, NPOs, commissioned public training agencies, etc. can provide public vocational training service for citizens, too. The public vocational training in Japan has inspiration value on 4 aspects : ( 1 ) to build a common law on the public vocational training, (2) to build a series of independent institutes to provide public vocational training, ( 3 ) the providers of public vocational training should be diversified, (4) limited competition among providers of public vocational training.%日本的公共职业训练是一种典型的准市场机制。这个准市场机制包括公共职业训练的需求方、公共职业训练的供给方、以及公共职业训练的课程体系。虽然中央和地方各级政府是公共职业训练的主导力量,但是企业、企业联盟、社团法人、财团法人、工会、非营利社会组织以及委托训练机构等都能够向社会提供公共职业训练。日本的公共职业训练对我国的启示包括:建立统一的法律法规;建立独立的、提供公共职业训练的事业机构;提供公共职业训练的机构应该多元化;有限的市场竞争。

  18. Explaining Health and Social Care Students' Experiences of Meaningfulness in Vocational Education: The Importance of Life Goals, Learning Support, Perceived Competence, and Autonomous Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Støen Utvaer, Britt Karin

    2014-01-01

    The experience of meaning in a learning situation is a stated goal of Knowledge Promotion Reform in Norway. This study, guided by self-determination theory, examines how pursuing intrinsic and extrinsic life goals relates to the experience of meaning in vocational education. The study also examines how learning support, perceived competence, and…

  19. Robust support vector machine-trained fuzzy system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forghani, Yahya; Yazdi, Hadi Sadoghi

    2014-02-01

    Because the SVM (support vector machine) classifies data with the widest symmetric margin to decrease the probability of the test error, modern fuzzy systems use SVM to tune the parameters of fuzzy if-then rules. But, solving the SVM model is time-consuming. To overcome this disadvantage, we propose a rapid method to solve the robust SVM model and use it to tune the parameters of fuzzy if-then rules. The robust SVM is an extension of SVM for interval-valued data classification. We compare our proposed method with SVM, robust SVM, ISVM-FC (incremental support vector machine-trained fuzzy classifier), BSVM-FC (batch support vector machine-trained fuzzy classifier), SOTFN-SV (a self-organizing TS-type fuzzy network with support vector learning) and SCLSE (a TS-type fuzzy system with subtractive clustering for antecedent parameter tuning and LSE for consequent parameter tuning) by using some real datasets. According to experimental results, the use of proposed approach leads to very low training and testing time with good misclassification rate.

  20. Review and Prospective of Higher Vocational Colleges Teachers Training%高职高专教师培训回顾与前瞻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉杰

    2015-01-01

    Since 1990,our country has set up and run some higher vocational colleges.Thus,the teacher continuing training in the higher vocational education are developing very fastly.Therefore,the student-teacher ratio reaches over 1:30.The teachers’ training task is extremely large.The foreign training effects are relatively limited.After all,through carrying out teachers further education of higher vocational colleges,our country obviously improves teaching team quality.%从1990年试办高职以来,我国高职高专教师继续教育经历了快速发展的历程,但是生师比在1:30以上,教师培训任务艰巨、国外培训影响较小。通过实施高职高专教师继续教育,我国高职高专师资队伍素质得到明显提升。

  1. Application Form of Dance Training in Vocational Teaching%形体舞蹈训练在中职教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佩婧

    2015-01-01

    Vocational teaching dance, physical training is essential an element, it is not only beneficial to enhance the coordination of the student body movements, but also help to improve teaching effectiveness. Thus, the importance of physical training in dance teaching in vocational work. Combined with the actual situation in Taiyuan City Shanxi Province senior technical schools, introduced physical training in dance teaching role, and on this basis, analyze their specific applications, hoping to improve the effectiveness of vocational dance teaching help.%在中职舞蹈教学中,形体训练是必不可少的一项内容,它不仅有利于增强学生形体动作的协调性,还有利于提高教学效果。由此可见,形体训练在中职舞蹈教学工作中十分重要。结合山西省太原市高级技工学校的实际情况,介绍了形体训练在舞蹈教学中的重要作用,并在此基础上对其具体应用进行了分析,希望能对提高中职舞蹈教学效果有所帮助。

  2. Construction of Public Training base in Vocational Economics and Management%高职院校经管类公共实训基地建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新仁; 朱雪兰

    2012-01-01

    高职院校经管类公共实训基地是高职院校为培养高技能人才提供实训条件的实践性教学平台,具有资源共享,形式开放的特点。本文从经管类公共实训基地建立思路为切入点,从实训基地建立原则及建立形式及经管类公共实训基地运行与管理等方面进行初步的探析。%Practical teaching platform of public training base in vocational colleges vocational colleges provide training con- ditions for training highly skilled personnel, resource sharing, open characteristics of the form. This article from the economies and management of public training base ideas as a starting point to establish the principles and the establishment of the reliminary robe into the form and administer class operation and management of public training base from the training base.

  3. Demonstration system for renewable power supply in the Bernburg/Roschwitz vocational training schools. Final report; Demonstrationsanlage von regenerativen Energien fuer die Berufsbildenden Schulen Bernburg/Roschwitz. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuerich; Strauss

    2002-03-01

    The vocational schools of the district of Bernburg, which have about 1000 students, have become a training center for renewable energy and environmental protection. The project 'SOLARIUS' is used especially for training heating systems experts, technical facilities experts and electrical engineering experts. Other schools are interested in using the systems for demonstration and teaching purposes, too. The system comprises a 12 m{sup 2} solar collector system for space and water heating; an 1.4 kWp PV system for electric power generation and power supply to the public grid; a 0.6 kW wind power system to support the PV system on cloudy but windy days; 5 kW air-to-water heat pumps for demonstration and also for auxiliary heating. [German] Die Berufsbildenden Schulen des Landkreises Bernburg, seit 1999 verantwortlich fuer die zentrale Ausbildung von zirka 1000 Lehrlingen der verschiedensten Berufsgruppen, haben sich zu einem Berufsschulzentrum fuer regenerative Energie und Umweltschutz entwickelt. Fachlehrer riefen das Projekt 'SOLARIUS' ins Leben, das vor allem in der Ausbildung von Heizungs- und Sanitaermonteuren sowie Elektrotechnikern genutzt wird. Verschiedene Gymnasien und Sekundarschulen haben ihr Interesse bekundet, die Demonstrationsanlage als Anschauungsobjekt zu nutzen. Folgende Anlagenkomponenten sollen bei der Demoanlage zum Einsatz gelangen: - 12 m{sup 2} Solarkollektoren zur Warmwasserbereitung und zur Heizungsunterstuetzung. - 1,4 kWp Photovoltaikanlage zur Energieerzeugung fuer elektrische Verbraucher in der Demoanlage bzw. zur Einspeisung in das oeffentliche Netz. - 0,6 kW Windkraftanlage zusaetzliche Unterstuetzung der Photovoltaikanlage bei sonnenschwachen, aber windstarken Tagen. - 5 kW Luft-/Wasser-Waermepumpen fuer demonstrativen Zweck und zur Heizungsunterstuetzung. Zur Zeit werden Heizung und Warmwasserbereitung der Berufsschule aus dem Fernwaermenetz der Stadtwerke Bernburg ueber eine Hausanschlussstation gespeist. Durch

  4. Social Support at the Workplace, Motivation to Transfer and Training Transfer: A Multilevel Indirect Effects Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massenberg, Ann-Christine; Spurk, Daniel; Kauffeld, Simone

    2015-01-01

    Supervisor support, peer support and transfer motivation have been identified as important predictors of training transfer. Transfer motivation is thought to mediate the support-training transfer relationship. Especially after team training interventions that include all team members (i.e. whole-team training), individual perception of these…

  5. Social Support at the Workplace, Motivation to Transfer and Training Transfer: A Multilevel Indirect Effects Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massenberg, Ann-Christine; Spurk, Daniel; Kauffeld, Simone

    2015-01-01

    Supervisor support, peer support and transfer motivation have been identified as important predictors of training transfer. Transfer motivation is thought to mediate the support-training transfer relationship. Especially after team training interventions that include all team members (i.e. whole-team training), individual perception of these…

  6. The Data Management Skills Support Initiative: Synthesising Postgraduate Training in Research Data Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Molloy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will describe the efforts and findings of the JISC Data Management Skills Support Initiative (‘DaMSSI’. DaMSSI was co-funded by the JISC Managing Research Data programme and the Research Information Network (RIN, in partnership with the Digital Curation Centre, to review, synthesise and augment the training offerings of the JISC Research Data Management Training Materials (‘RDMTrain’ projects.DaMSSI tested the effectiveness of the Society of College, National and University Libraries’ Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model (SCONUL, 2011, and Vitae’s Researcher Development Framework (‘Vitae RDF’ for consistently describing research data management (‘RDM’ skills and skills development paths in UK HEI postgraduate courses.With the collaboration of the RDMTrain projects, we mapped individual course modules to these two models and identified basic generic data management skills alongside discipline-specific requirements. A synthesis of the training outputs of the projects was then carried out, which further investigated the generic versus discipline-specific considerations and other successful approaches to training that had been identified as a result of the projects’ work. In addition we produced a series of career profiles to help illustrate the fact that data management is an essential component – in obvious and not-so-obvious ways – of a wide range of professions.We found that both models had potential for consistently and coherently describing data management skills training and embedding this within broader institutional postgraduate curricula. However, we feel that additional discipline-specific references to data management skills could also be beneficial for effective use of these models. Our synthesis work identified that the majority of core skills were generic across disciplines at the postgraduate level, with the discipline-specific approach showing its value in engaging the audience and

  7. The Data Management Skills Support Initiative: Synthesising Postgraduate Training in Research Data Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Molloy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will describe the efforts and findings of the JISC Data Management Skills Support Initiative (‘DaMSSI’. DaMSSI was co-funded by the JISC Managing Research Data programme and the Research Information Network (RIN, in partnership with the Digital Curation Centre, to review, synthesise and augment the training offerings of the JISC Research Data Management Training Materials (‘RDMTrain’ projects.DaMSSI tested the effectiveness of the Society of College, National and University Libraries’ Seven Pillars of Information Literacy model (SCONUL, 2011, and Vitae’s Researcher Development Framework (‘Vitae RDF’ for consistently describing research data management (‘RDM’ skills and skills development paths in UK HEI postgraduate courses.With the collaboration of the RDMTrain projects, we mapped individual course modules to these two models and identified basic generic data management skills alongside discipline-specific requirements. A synthesis of the training outputs of the projects was then carried out, which further investigated the generic versus discipline-specific considerations and other successful approaches to training that had been identified as a result of the projects’ work. In addition we produced a series of career profiles to help illustrate the fact that data management is an essential component – in obvious and not-so-obvious ways – of a wide range of professions.We found that both models had potential for consistently and coherently describing data management skills training and embedding this within broader institutional postgraduate curricula. However, we feel that additional discipline-specific references to data management skills could also be beneficial for effective use of these models. Our synthesis work identified that the majority of core skills were generic across disciplines at the postgraduate level, with the discipline-specific approach showing its value in engaging the audience and

  8. Development of an existential support training program for healthcare professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henoch, Ingela; Strang, Susann; Browall, Maria; Danielson, Ella; Melin-Johansson, Christina

    2015-12-01

    Our aim was to describe the developmental process of a training program for nurses to communicate existential issues with severely ill patients. The Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for the development and evaluation of complex interventions was used to develop a training program for nurses to communicate about existential issues with their patients. The steps in the framework were employed to describe the development of the training intervention, and the development, feasibility and piloting, evaluation, and implementation phases. The development and feasibility phases are described in the Methods section. The evaluation and implementation phases are described in the Results section. In the evaluation phase, the effectiveness of the intervention was shown as nurses' confidence in communication increased after training. The understanding of the change process was considered to be that the nurses could describe their way of communicating in terms of prerequisites, process, and content. Some efforts have been made to implement the training intervention, but these require further elaboration. Existential and spiritual issues are very important to severely ill patients, and healthcare professionals need to be attentive to such questions. It is important that professionals be properly prepared when patients need this communication. An evidence-based training intervention could provide such preparation. Healthcare staff were able to identify situations where existential issues were apparent, and they reported that their confidence in communication about existential issues increased after attending a short-term training program that included reflection. In order to design a program that should be permanently implemented, more knowledge is needed of patients' perceptions of the quality of the healthcare staff's existential support.

  9. Military Service and Military Vocational Training Effects on Post-Service Earnings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    of military training at one point in the analysis (Little et al, 1979). Since only one of these studies fully analyzed wage differentials existing...by the MIL USER group with $9480. Later analysis will supply some rationale for this difference. A factorthat may have influenced wage differentials was...The multiple regression analysis did demonstrate a significant F statistic of <.OS for other training group wage differentials .) With due regard to

  10. Implementation of Web 2.0 Technological Tools in Vocational Education and Training in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Jesús Gallego Arrufat

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In todayʼs information and knowledge society, information and knowledge technologies (IKT reach all sectors of society. Their use in business activities has greatly expanded, with most companyadministrative processes now performed using technological tools. This makes it necessary to acquire new vocational skills (information literacy, decision-making, problem-solving and learning to learn, for example and methods of working (collaborative and team work.Educational innovation consists of those changes introduced into educational practices, changes introduced through the incorporation of technological media, which are giving rise to the use of newteaching and learning strategies, and new roles for teachers and students.For this study, we are using a mixed methodology, as some authors affirm, also called multimethod:qualitative and quantitative. In this educational innovation, we are implementing the following tools: Learning Management System with Moodle, a free virtual platform hosted in an external server; and Google Apps, a set of applications that allow communication, collaboration and state-of-the-art infrastructures. All these resources are currently free-of-charge and within the reach of any educational institution.

  11. THE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING CENTERS: AN ALTERNATIVE TO LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Palop-Esteban

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an educational proposal of a technical nature but with bases rooted in popular education (Freire, 1970. It aims to provide lights on how vocational education, could have a link to the local development of the territory. Local development has its maximum exponents in the fields of the recovery of the endogenous sources and in the articulation of the associative network (Herrera, 2009, with the consequent benefit of enhancing participatory instruments that improve the democratic exchanges of territory. The educative centers may have a privileged territory view, converge in the same few elements, actors and actresses key, also if the Centre has the role of formative work development from the articulation of the productive elements, we have a resource of excellent characteristics for local development. The proposal is therefore, the linkage of the Centers for education and work with a perspective of local development, especially in areas with low social structuring communities, i.e., high rates of unemployment, schooling, economic difficulties, etc. These scenarios are very common in urban peripheries both in Europe and in America, but these fields, can also be found in certain rural communities, Latin American, although with different characteristics. The incidence in the local promotion, in these cases, will have a special responsibility, since the work by the unfinished schooling and educational inclusion, without doubt, work for community development (Torrent, 2012.

  12. 职业训练的效益评估--以企业内训为例%Evaluation of Effectiveness in Vocational Training-A case study of enterprise training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐秀燕; 张慧慈; 萧德瑛; 巫勇贤

    2015-01-01

    For the past few years, the evaluation of effectiveness in vocation training has been taken seriously gradually, such as the American Society for Training and Development ( ASTD), and Talent Quality-management System ( TTQS) .The concern is whether employees can apply the newly learned knowledge or technology to their work and to increase the tangible asset in their organ-ization.This study evaluates training effectiveness for 65 companies between May 2014 and June 2014 in Taiwan, collects training effectiveness of 65 corporation executives and 429 employees after training, and reveals that employees have changed significantly in the following areas, including ob-taining the new knowledge or new technology after training, applying the training content in prac-tice, and improving job performance.The results are in accordance with those of the executives'e-valuation.Executives consider that the employees have the greatest performance after training in the following areas, including obtaining the new knowledge or new technology after training, applying the training content in practice, and improving job performance, enhancing problem solving capaci-ty.Executives think that training has positive effects and improvements, including achievement of business goals, organizational performance, and operating costs, in addition to improving employee's performance.Overall, employees and executives hold positive and supportive attitudes towards the results of the training programs.They are willing to continue to participate in training programs to strengthen the organizational competitiveness.%近年来,职业训练训后评估逐渐被重视,例如美国训练与发展协会( ASTD)及台湾人才发展质量管理系统( TTQS)等,皆关注参训者于训练时所习得的新知识或技术是否能应用于职场中,以利直接提升企业的实质效益。本研究于2014年5~6月份期间,协助台湾地区65家事业单位进行

  13. The Temporal Effect of Training Utility Perceptions on Adopting a Trained Method: The Role of Perceived Organizational Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madera, Juan M.; Steele, Stacey T.; Beier, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    The current study examined the temporal effect of perceived training utility on adoption of a trained method and how perceived organizational support influences the relationship between perceived training utility perceptions and adoption of a trained method. With the use of a correlational-survey-based design, this longitudinal study required…

  14. The vocational training of occupational therapists and the Undergraduate Course at the University of Brasília, Ceilândia College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Giovana Furlan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Health training has been discussed in the educational field, guiding curriculum changes for undergraduate courses according to the current public policies, mainly the National Health System and the new Curriculum Guidelines. Professional formation based on the active pursuit of knowledge, ensuring integrality and humanization of health care, is objectified. In this perspective, this article presents a literature review on the scientific production related to health training, specifically the training of occupational therapists, and examines how the political pedagogical project of the occupational therapy undergraduate course of the University of Brasília – Ceilândia College (UnB-FCE contemplates and prioritizes vocational training guided by current trends. We found 14 scientific articles addressing the reformulation of the curricula of undergraduate courses, favoring interdisciplinarity and practical activities in social infrastructure. The teaching practice and the student body posture interfere in the educational process, with the challenge of developing communicative, affective and relational skills in contrast with the current teaching model. The undergraduate program in occupational therapy of UnB-FCE is recent, and it aims at vocational training under the new proposed model. It is organized in relation to the fields of professional practice and human functionality, and it prioritizes the local community development through teaching, research, and extension projects associated with the health services of the Federal District.

  15. 中职学生职业能力培养模式研究%On Secondary Vocational Students' Professional Competence Training Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘桢

    2014-01-01

    Vocational students' comprehensive professional competence determines the quality and effectiveness of edu-cation and teaching, to design a training model of professional competence based training is an effective method of voca-tional education characteristics and quality of protection;article will train as the standard of professional competence tal-ent training model, based on professional competence training curriculum design, teaching methods and school-enterprise cooperation reform and other content for the study, and through the practice of analyzing these factors influence the culture of professional competence.%中职学生的综合职业能力的培养决定了教育教学的质量和效果,设计一种基于职业能力培养的人才培养模式是保障职业教育特点和质量的有效方法;本文将以职业能力培养为本位的人才培养模式、基于职业能力培养的课程设计、教学方法改革和校企合作等内容为研究对象,并通过实践分析以上因素对职业能力培养的影响。

  16. Review of the Research on the Vocational Training of Migrant Workers in China%我国农民工职业培训问题研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传威; 刘唐宇

    2015-01-01

    随着学者对农民工职业培训的关注,他们开始在学术期刊上发表论文阐述自己的观点。这些研究主要集中于农民工职业培训的必要性、农民工职业培训存在的问题、农民工职业培训的需求、农民工职业培训的效果、农民工职业培训的模式及农民工职业培训的对策等。虽然研究取得了一定的成就,但仍然存在一些问题。该文对现有的关于农民工职业培训的研究进行述评归纳总结。%As scholars pay attention to the vocational training of migrant workers,they publish their views on academic journals. The researches mainly focus on the necessity of the vocational training of migrant workers,the existing problems of the vocational training of migrant workers,the needs of the vocational train⁃ing of migrant workers,the effect of the vocational training of migrant workers,the patterns of the vocation⁃al training of migrant workers and the countermeasures of the vocational training of migrant workers. Al⁃though the researches have made some achievements,but there are still some problems. This paper summa⁃rizes the existing researches of the vocational training of migrant workers.

  17. The Effect of Counselling-Based Training on Online Peer Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lekka, Foteini; Efstathiou, Giorgos; Kalantzi-Azizi, Anastasia

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the current study is to investigate the impact of counselling-based training on online peer support by comparing the interventions of trained peer supporters as opposed to non-trained peer supporters. Two independent raters analysed 746 support posts published during a period of one year at the "Student to Student" online peer…

  18. 职教集团化办学助推高技能型人才培养质量%Vocational Group High Schools Boost Skilled Personnel Training Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙桂芳

    2014-01-01

    加快发展现代职业教育,就是要主动适应中国经济升级版的需要。职业院校是技能型人才主要只要培养基地。这样的人才类型决定了必须以校企合作的方式共同参与培养。随着我国经济社会的不断发展,企业对技能型人才需求愈来愈多,对技能型人才的质量要求也越来越高,组建职教集团化办学是解决技能型人才匮乏和质量的有效途径,发挥职业院校和企业优势互补的办学模式,更好促进职业院校和企业人才供需的对接。%Accelerate the development of modern vocational education, is the need to take the initiative to adapt to an up-graded version of the Chinese economy. Vocational schools are mainly skilled personnel as long as the training base. Such personnel must determine the type of joint participation by way of school-enterprise cooperation culture. With the continuous development of China's economy and society, business demand for skilled personnel more and more skilled personnel for in-creasingly high quality requirements, the formation of the Group of vocational schools is an effective way to solve the short-age of skilled personnel and quality, vocational schools and enterprises play complementary school system, promote better vocational schools and enterprises docking talent supply and demand.

  19. Vocational Rehabilitation: Supporting Ill or Disabled Individuals in (to Work: A UK Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Frank

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Work is important for one’s self-esteem, social standing and ability to participate in the community as well as for the material advantages it brings to individuals and their families. The evidence suggests that the benefits of employment outweigh the risks of work and are greater than the risks of long-term unemployment or sickness absence. Individuals may be born with physical or intellectual disadvantages (e.g., cerebral palsy, or they may be acquired during childhood or adult life. Some progressive conditions may present in childhood or adolescence (e.g., some muscular dystrophies and these need to be distinguished from those presenting later in life (e.g., trauma, stroke. Vocational rehabilitation (VR thus takes three forms: preparing those with a disability, health or mental health condition for the world of work, job retention for those in work and assisting those out of work into new work. Important components of VR consist of the attributes of the individual, the skills/knowledge of their health professionals, the knowledge and attitudes of actual or potential employers and the assistance that is provided by the state or other insurance facility. Charities are playing an increasing role.

  20. Vocational Rehabilitation: Supporting Ill or Disabled Individuals in (to) Work: A UK Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Andrew

    2016-07-16

    Work is important for one's self-esteem, social standing and ability to participate in the community as well as for the material advantages it brings to individuals and their families. The evidence suggests that the benefits of employment outweigh the risks of work and are greater than the risks of long-term unemployment or sickness absence. Individuals may be born with physical or intellectual disadvantages (e.g., cerebral palsy), or they may be acquired during childhood or adult life. Some progressive conditions may present in childhood or adolescence (e.g., some muscular dystrophies) and these need to be distinguished from those presenting later in life (e.g., trauma, stroke). Vocational rehabilitation (VR) thus takes three forms: preparing those with a disability, health or mental health condition for the world of work, job retention for those in work and assisting those out of work into new work. Important components of VR consist of the attributes of the individual, the skills/knowledge of their health professionals, the knowledge and attitudes of actual or potential employers and the assistance that is provided by the state or other insurance facility. Charities are playing an increasing role.

  1. Vocational Rehabilitation: Supporting Ill or Disabled Individuals in (to) Work: A UK Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Work is important for one’s self-esteem, social standing and ability to participate in the community as well as for the material advantages it brings to individuals and their families. The evidence suggests that the benefits of employment outweigh the risks of work and are greater than the risks of long-term unemployment or sickness absence. Individuals may be born with physical or intellectual disadvantages (e.g., cerebral palsy), or they may be acquired during childhood or adult life. Some progressive conditions may present in childhood or adolescence (e.g., some muscular dystrophies) and these need to be distinguished from those presenting later in life (e.g., trauma, stroke). Vocational rehabilitation (VR) thus takes three forms: preparing those with a disability, health or mental health condition for the world of work, job retention for those in work and assisting those out of work into new work. Important components of VR consist of the attributes of the individual, the skills/knowledge of their health professionals, the knowledge and attitudes of actual or potential employers and the assistance that is provided by the state or other insurance facility. Charities are playing an increasing role. PMID:27438864

  2. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Apprentices and Trainees. December Quarter, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

    2012-01-01

    This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the December quarter 2011. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.71 (March 2012 estimates). The most recent figures in this publication are estimated (those for training activity from the June quarter…

  3. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Apprentices and Trainees. June Quarter, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

    2012-01-01

    This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the June quarter 2012. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.73 (September 2012 estimates). The most recent figures in this publication are estimated (those for training activity from the December…

  4. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Apprentices and Trainees. December Quarter, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011

    2011-01-01

    This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the December quarter 2010. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.67 (March 2011 estimates). The most recent figures in this publication are estimated (those for training activity from the June quarter…

  5. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Apprentices and Trainees. September Quarter, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011

    2011-01-01

    This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the September quarter 2010. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.66 (December 2010 estimates). The most recent figures in this publication are estimated (those for training activity from the March…

  6. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Apprentices and Trainees. March Quarter, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011

    2011-01-01

    This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the March quarter 2011. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no. 68 (June 2011 estimates). The most recent figures in this publication are estimated (those for training activity from the September…

  7. Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Apprentices & Trainees, September Quarter 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the September quarter 2014. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no. 82 (December 2014 estimates). There were 341,300 apprentices and trainees in-training as at 30 September 2014, a decrease of 18.4%…

  8. Continuing Vocational Training in Local Government in Portugal, 2000-05--What Has Changed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrito, Belmiro Gil; Simao, Ana Margarida Veiga; Alves, Mariana Gaio; Almeida, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    Local government in Portugal had a good opportunity to modernise through the Programa de Formacao para as Autarquias Locais (Foral) [Training programme for local authorities], implemented between 2000 and 2005. Substantial financial resources were made available through the programme to retrain local government human resources in order to improve…

  9. The Role of Organized Labor in the Vocational Training and Placement of Hard-Core Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Labor Relations and Research Center.

    This is a report of a training project conducted in Massachusetts to explore mechanisms through which organized labor might involve itself more fully in new and existing programs for preventing and controlling youth crime. Specifically, the objectives were: (1) to explore the problem of the young offender, (2) to explore what is being done for the…

  10. Vocational Agriculture Training Program: Safe Tractor and Farm Machinery Operation. Special Paper No. 8. Second Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobbitt, Frank; Doss, Howard

    The publication was prepared for the United States Office of Education for use by teachers who direct agricultural training programs in safe tractor operation and safe farm machinery operation that comply with the United States Department of Labor regulations on hazardous occupations in agriculture. Upon successful completion of these training…

  11. Russia Develops Educational Standards for Higher Vocational Training in the Technology and Entrepreneurship Specialty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatchev, A. A.; Lavrov, N. N.

    2004-01-01

    This article offers insight into what Russian educators are facing on a daily basis as they try and find and pursue the best course of action as they attempt to create a curriculum that will address the major needs of Russian society now and in the immediate future. It presents issues related to training teachers of technology and entrepreneurship…

  12. Vocational Training for Professionals in the Field of Equal Opportunities for Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido, Julio Fernandez; Higuera, Luis Aramburu-Zabala

    2001-01-01

    Describes the development of job profiles for equal opportunity officers and advisers in Spain and recognition of these occupations in the National Classification of Occupations. Discusses standardized training for these positions and the development of a certificate of occupational proficiency. (SK)

  13. Fostering Financial Independence Self-Efficacy in AFDC Recipients Participating in a Vocational Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houser, Rick; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Developed motivation training program which systematically employed four methods for changing self-efficacy (performance accomplishment, verbal persuasion, emotional arousal, vicarious learning/modeling) among 183 recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children who were referred to Hawaii's Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Programs.…

  14. Vocational Training for Women "Returners": One Half of the Sky Can Be Interesting to the Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Magazine, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the difficulties facing women who are trying to return to the labor market and who are in need of training. Suggests that age, sex, personal circumstances, and existing qualification profiles do not determine once and for all what a person can and may do. (JOW)

  15. Reclaiming the Disengaged: Reform of New Zealand's Vocational Education and Training and Social Welfare Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strathdee, Rob

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses Habermas' theory of the state and his idea of legitimation crisis to critically evaluate recent reforms in New Zealand designed to engage young people (16-24 years of age) in paid employment and/or education and training. The paper identifies three broad strategies adopted by the state to reclaim the disengaged and hence, resolve…

  16. Estimation model of training support system for Finite Element Analysis and implementation of training scenario as knowledge patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitsuhiro Murayama

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an arrangement method of FEA modeling knowledge by using a design pattern methodology, and deals with an estimation method of FEA training scenario. The prototype support system and its training knowledge can be arranged and classified in several patterns, while the mechanics of a beam structure has been picked up as an example of training subject. Essential evaluation problems were prepared for checking the synthetic achievement and the effectivity of training support system onto any beginners of the code called MARC/MENTAT has been investigated. Through the simulation with the prototype training support system, an evaluation model as the synthetic achievement test for any training scenario was shown with the degree vector. Observing the reusability of training programs, the compression rate of iterated common operations was estimated for the prototype training support system.

  17. Education and training to support the use of clinical telehealth: A review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edirippulige, S; Armfield, N R

    2017-02-01

    Introduction Despite a growing literature base, substantial investment, and policy changes within governments, the integration of telehealth into routine clinical care has been limited. The availability of appropriate systematic education and training for practitioners has been highlighted as necessary for strong adoption. However, the availability and nature of telehealth-related education and training for practitioners is not understood. By reviewing the literature, we aimed to describe the delivery of education and training in telehealth, with particular focus on content, modes of delivery, types of institutions, and target clinician groups. Methods We performed searches using PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC. We included studies that were focused on the delivery of telehealth-related academic or vocational education and training. We extracted information pertaining to country, programs and their participants, and tabulated the results. Results Altogether 388 articles were identified, of which nine studies were selected for final review. Programs from five countries were represented and articles were spread across telemedicine and clinically oriented journals. Education and training in telehealth has been provided as both university level and vocational courses using conventional classroom based delivery methods and e-learning. Reported curriculum items included terminology, clinical applications, the evidence-base, and technological aspects. Conclusions Published evidence in peer-reviewed literature on telehealth education and training is limited. According to this review, a number of topics relating to telehealth have been covered by existing education programs both within tertiary and professional development levels.

  18. International experiences of training and support of students with disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melnik Y.V.,

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on practices of higher inclusive education in universities of the USA, Canada and Russian Federation and provides their complex assessment. The authors explore modern effective practices of training and support of students with disabilities. The universities are evaluated according to the results of monitoring of accommodations for the disabled carried out in 2015-2016. This evaluation includes assessments made by experts during their visits to the universities as well as an overview of the development of inclusive education practices in each university and, in particular, of the measures aimed at making higher education more accessible to students with disabilities. The authors argue for the necessity of establishing new and developing already existing resource training centers in the Russian regions and discuss the issues concerning the possible use of a single base of educational, information, research and methodological resources to ensure equal access to education and effective learning for students with disabilities.

  19. On Innovation of School-Based Teacher Training in Higher Vocational Colleges%试论高职高专教师校本培训创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐丽玲

    2012-01-01

    Higher vocational training should be based on school and job practice, with emphasis on training value and training efficency. According to the school teaching reform practice, different types of teachers' characteristics and different features of the specialty, school-based training target should be designed, training contents and training form should be selected and innovated. To strengthen higher vocational training, teacher-oriented principle should be adhered to, analysing teachers'professional development target, creating a stimulating atmosphere, realising the concept of learning as working and working as learning, exerting oneself to solve difficult problems to promote innovation of training strategy.%高职高专校本培训要立足学校与岗位实际,注重培训价值与培训效率提升;根据学校教学改革实际、不同类型教师特点以及不同专业特色设计校本培训目标、选择培训内容与培训形式并不断创新;加强高职高专校本培训,要“以教师为本”,分解教师专业发展目标,营造激励氛围,实现工作学习化与学习工作化,着力解决培训中的难点问题,促进培训策略的不断创新。

  20. The Building of Effective Vocational Training System for Furniture Company%家具企业有效培训体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解悠悠; 吴智慧

    2013-01-01

    家具行业的培训工作处于起步阶段,未建立培训制度、师资力量薄弱等问题一直影响着培训的效果,制约着家具行业人才的发展。科学、系统、完善、有效的企业培训体系是提高培训质量的根本所在,有效的培训体系必须是一个系统工程,需要在健全的培训制度与严格的培训质量管控的基础与保证上,逐步建立起培训需求分析;培训项目开发、培训计划制定;培训课程开发;培训教学工作与培训效果评估这五大板块。%The training of furniture industry is just beginning, such problems as do not establish training system and be weak in training materials restrict training effect and the development of the industry. Scientific, systematic, effective vocational training system is the essence to improve the quality of training and must be a system. It must be on the basis of a sound training system and strict training quality control, gradually establish a training needs analysis; training project development; training plan; training course development; training and teaching and training effect evaluation.

  1. Benchmarks of support in internal medicine residency training programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfsthal, Susan D; Beasley, Brent W; Kopelman, Richard; Stickley, William; Gabryel, Timothy; Kahn, Marc J

    2002-01-01

    To identify benchmarks of financial and staff support in internal medicine residency training programs and their correlation with indicators of quality. A survey instrument to determine characteristics of support of residency training programs was mailed to each member program of the Association of Program Directors of Internal Medicine. Results were correlated with the three-year running average of the pass rates on the American Board of Internal Medicine certifying examination using bivariate and multivariate analyses. Of 394 surveys, 287 (73%) were completed: 74% of respondents were program directors and 20% were both chair and program director. The mean duration as program director was 7.5 years (median = 5), but it was significantly lower for women than for men (4.9 versus 8.1; p =.001). Respondents spent 62% of their time in educational and administrative duties, 30% in clinical activities, 5% in research, and 2% in other activities. Most chief residents were PGY4s, with 72% receiving compensation additional to base salary. On average, there was one associate program director for every 33 residents, one chief resident for every 27 residents, and one staff person for every 21 residents. Most programs provided trainees with incremental educational stipends, meals while oncall, travel and meeting expenses, and parking. Support from pharmaceutical companies was used for meals, books, and meeting expenses. Almost all programs provided meals for applicants, with 15% providing travel allowances and 37% providing lodging. The programs' board pass rates significantly correlated with the numbers of faculty fulltime equivalents (FTEs), the numbers of resident FTEs per office staff FTEs, and the numbers of categorical and preliminary applications received and ranked by the programs in 1998 and 1999. Regression analyses demonstrated three independent predictors of the programs' board pass rates: number of faculty (a positive predictor), percentage of clinical work

  2. Vocational Education and Equality of Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Benjamin; Feinberg, Walter

    1990-01-01

    Examines the concepts of equality of opportunity and equality of educational opportunity and their relationship to vocational education. Traces the history of vocational education. Delineates the distinction between training and education as enumerated in Aristotelian philosophy. Discusses the role vocational education can play in the educative…

  3. Mnemonic Training Reshapes Brain Networks to Support Superior Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dresler, Martin; Shirer, William R; Konrad, Boris N; Müller, Nils C J; Wagner, Isabella C; Fernández, Guillén; Czisch, Michael; Greicius, Michael D

    2017-03-08

    Memory skills strongly differ across the general population; however, little is known about the brain characteristics supporting superior memory performance. Here we assess functional brain network organization of 23 of the world's most successful memory athletes and matched controls with fMRI during both task-free resting state baseline and active memory encoding. We demonstrate that, in a group of naive controls, functional connectivity changes induced by 6 weeks of mnemonic training were correlated with the network organization that distinguishes athletes from controls. During rest, this effect was mainly driven by connections between rather than within the visual, medial temporal lobe and default mode networks, whereas during task it was driven by connectivity within these networks. Similarity with memory athlete connectivity patterns predicted memory improvements up to 4 months after training. In conclusion, mnemonic training drives distributed rather than regional changes, reorganizing the brain's functional network organization to enable superior memory performance. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Perfection of vocational and applied training of operative workers of law enforcement authorities of Ukraine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergienko J.P.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A research aim is perfection of the professionally-applied training of operative workers of law enforcement authorities of Ukraine on the basis of recognition of specific of professional activity. 250 students and operative workers of Kyiv and Kyiv region took part in research. The questions of perfection of professional capacity facilities of general, special physical and psychophysiological preparedness were examined in this research. A structure and model of preparation are experimentally well-proven and indicated, the role of intercommunications of physical capacity and psychophysiological is exposed.

  5. An investigation into the usage of mobile phones among technical and vocational educational and training students in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herring Shava

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs are gaining popularity in South Africa; this includes the use of mobile phones and the Internet. Mobile phones also seem to be popular with the student cohort of the South African population, especially for communication purposes. Empirical evidence affirms the importance of mobile phones to this cohort, including the need to research further how these groups use and experience such devices.Objectives: This study seeks to provide an understanding of how mobile phone features, the motivation to use and time spent on a mobile phone influence behavioural intention to use mobile phones among a sample of technical and vocational educational and training (TVET students in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.Method: A survey was carried out with 161 TVET students through a self-administered questionnaire completed by each respondent. Pre-testing and pilot testing of measures were conducted using a sample of final-year students using mobile phones who fit the same characteristics as the intended sample. To arrive at findings, data analysis was undertaken through the Chi-square test.Results: Descriptive results of the study reveal that the majority of mobile phones owned by TVET students were in the category of smartphones, bearing modern features that facilitate instant messaging, exchange of data and information as well as speedy access to information via the Internet.Conclusion: Inferential results of the study indicate that the more features a mobile phone has, the higher the desire to make use of the phone for communication purposes. Furthermore, motivation and time were found to play insignificant roles in influencing student utilisation of mobile phones for communication purposes.

  6. Development of severe accident management and training support system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeong, Kwang Sub; Kim, Ko Ryo; Jung, Won Dae; Ha, Jae Joo

    2001-04-01

    Recently, the overall severe accident management strategy is under development according to the logical flow of severe accident management guidelines in some foreign countries. In Korea, the basis of severe accident management strategy is established due to the development of Korean severe accident guideline. In the straining system, the professional information as well as the general information for severe accident should be provided to the related personnel and the function of prior simulation for plant behavior according to strategy execution should be required. Korean severe accident management guideline is chosen as the basis logic for development of support system for decision-support and training related with execution of severe accident strategy. The training simulator is developed for prior expectation of plant behavior and the severe accident computer code, MELCOR, is utilized as the engine, and it is possible to operate equipments necessary for execution of severe accident management guidelines. And also, the graphical interface is developed to provide the plant status and provide status change of major equipments dynamically.

  7. The Research of Linkage of the Training Targets of Secondary and Higher Vocational Education from the perspective of System Theory%系统论视阈下中高职培养目标的衔接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芳; 余家军

    2013-01-01

    Both of secondary vocational education and higher vocational education belong to the vocational education category . However, in practice, the training target system is disjointed between the secondary and higher vocational education .The setting of training goals during the linkage of secondary and higher vocational education influences the subsequent specialty setting , cur-riculum system, teaching process, teaching training, etc..Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the intrinsic reason why the train-ing target system cannot connect and make the training targets according to the system theory after setting the training targets ac -curately, multilateral participants'communication and mediation and considering the requirement of human comprehensive devel -opment for the purpose of the effective linkage of secondary and higher vocational education .%  中职教育与高职教育同属职业教育范畴,但在职业教育的实践中却出现了中高职的脱节、断层现象,而中高职衔接中培养目标的准确定位对于后续专业设置、课程体系、教学过程、教师培养、评价机制等具有十分重要的影响作用。针对目前中高职教育培养目标无法有效衔接的内在原因,基于系统论,从中高职培养目标的准确定位、各方参与者的沟通协调及人的全面发展需要等方面着手制定培养目标,促使中高职教育有效衔接。

  8. Reform of cruise tourism talents cultivation in vocational colleges from the perspective of Australian vocational education and training%从澳大利亚VET谈高职国际邮轮人才培养模式改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雨

    2016-01-01

    国内教育界为了迎合目前我国迅猛发展的邮轮产业,逐渐加强了对邮轮教育和邮轮专业人才培养的关注度,但多数高职院校邮轮相关专业的人才培养模式尚不成熟,未能适应行业发展和专业改革的需求。澳大利亚VET是被公认为具有世界先进水平的职业教育体系,本文结合其高效企校合作、以行业为主导、以能力为本位等办学特色,提出了对当今我国高职邮轮人才培养模式改革的启示。%Cruise industry in China has entered a rapid developing period. The huge demand of the cruise market has brought forward higher and more urgent requirements in terms for cruise talents cultivating. Teaching levels of cruise talent training in vocational colleges are generally low in China and need a reform. On the basis of an analysis of characteristics of Australian VET, such as: the core of vocational education system is occupational qualifications; the leading force of development and reform of vocational education is the industries and enterprises; advanced assessment practices. Referring the experience of Australia, it is essential for China to rise the establishment of modern cruise talents cultivating model.

  9. training for self-learning ability for Vocational art students%职教美术生自主学习能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓晖

    2013-01-01

    在我国深化改革扩大开放、建立市场经济体制的新形势下,美术教育应与职业教育密切结合,成为一种就业教育、能力教育、适应于职业变化的终身教育。发展美术职业教育应加强观念创新、制度创新,确立新的培养模式。更好的和社会接轨,从而优化美术职业教育。%In the new situation of deepening reform and opening up, establishing market economy institution, art ed-ucation and vocational education should be closely integrated into a career education, ability education, life-long education adapt to career change. The development of Art vocational education should strengthen concept innovation, system innova-tion, and establish new training mode.And it should do better to fit social standards, in order to optimize art vocational ed-ucation.

  10. Evaluation of a newly developed media-supported 4-step approach for basic life support training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sopka Saša

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective The quality of external chest compressions (ECC is of primary importance within basic life support (BLS. Recent guidelines delineate the so-called 4“-step approach” for teaching practical skills within resuscitation training guided by a certified instructor. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether a “media-supported 4-step approach” for BLS training leads to equal practical performance compared to the standard 4-step approach. Materials and methods After baseline testing, 220 laypersons were either trained using the widely accepted method for resuscitation training (4-step approach or using a newly created “media-supported 4-step approach”, both of equal duration. In this approach, steps 1 and 2 were ensured via a standardised self-produced podcast, which included all of the information regarding the BLS algorithm and resuscitation skills. Participants were tested on manikins in the same mock cardiac arrest single-rescuer scenario prior to intervention, after one week and after six months with respect to ECC-performance, and participants were surveyed about the approach. Results Participants (age 23 ± 11, 69% female reached comparable practical ECC performances in both groups, with no statistical difference. Even after six months, there was no difference detected in the quality of the initial assessment algorithm or delay concerning initiation of CPR. Overall, at least 99% of the intervention group (n = 99; mean 1.5 ± 0.8; 6-point Likert scale: 1 = completely agree, 6 = completely disagree agreed that the video provided an adequate introduction to BLS skills. Conclusions The “media-supported 4-step approach” leads to comparable practical ECC-performance compared to standard teaching, even with respect to retention of skills. Therefore, this approach could be useful in special educational settings where, for example, instructors’ resources are sparse or large-group sessions

  11. PROPOSED INTERVENTIONS FOR THE TECHNICAL INDUSTRIAL AND VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE TRAINING (TIVET SECTOR IN KENYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maina Maringa

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a brief overview of TIVET in Kenya (history and present, the laws governing TIVET, and its structure and challenges today. A robust review of various relevant concepts that are in use in TVET is presented and solutions to identified shortcomings of the Kenyan TIVET system proposed. The Develop a Curriculum, (DACUM and the Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID methods of developing demand led and competency based occupational profiles and arising curricula are recommended for adoption in the country’s TIVET system. It is further recommended that On-Job-Training is introduced in addition to the creation of strong linkages with industry in order to increase relevance to and absorption of TIVET graduates in industry. The paper touches on the issues of specification and sourcing of equipment and identifies possible source markets. More study is recommended in order to obtain a complete and comprehensive assessment of TIVET in the country.

  12. The contributions of the elderly care at the hiperdia program, for vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Jéssica Rodrigues de França

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to report descriptively the lived experience in basic health unit by academics, and describe the practices in the elderly HIPERDIA program, contributing to the training of the academic. The preparation of this study embasou in the descriptive approach with a qualitative approach, developed at the Basic Health Unit in the Municipality of Parnamirim (RN. Given the experiences, one can understand the care with these elderly patients with chronic diseases, enabling the formation of a more qualified professional to draw up specific intervention strategies. The study finds that allowed for the formation of nursing academic, curricular and extracurricular internship is of great importance, since it enables the joining of theory and practice through activities that are held during stages.  

  13. Engagement, Conduct of Life and Dropouts in the Danish Vocational Education and Training (VET) System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    This study provides support for the idea that school engagement is a central concept when trying to understand the dropout process. One of the strengths of this concept is that it involves understanding dropping out as a process, rather than as an event. However, the concept of school engagement also presents a number of problems. It tends to be…

  14. 浅谈高职院校会计实训课程体系建设%On Higher Vocational College Accounting Training Course System Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓晓燕

    2014-01-01

    高职院校肩负着为社会培养技能型、应用型会计人才的重任,实习实训是其实现此目标最为有效的途径。由于校外实习基地具有诸多局限性,校内模拟实训成为了解决问题的关键。高职院校在培养会计专业人才时,应该以企业需求为导向,教学过程中理论结合实际,大力开展会计实训课程建设,培养学生掌握从事中小企业及其他经济组织会计所需要的财务知识和会计实务操作技能,养成操作规范、严谨细致的会计职业素养,切切实实贯彻实训教学政策。%Vocational colleges shoulder the responsibility of training skilled, applied accounting personnel for the society, practical training is the most effective way to achieve this goal. As the practice bases has many limitations, internal simulation training has become a key to solving the problem. Vocational training institutions in the accounting professionals should be demand-oriented enterprises, the process of teaching theory with practice, vigorously carry out construction accounting tra-ining courses, training students to master SMEs and other economic organizations engaged in accounting and financial knowledge needed accounting practice skills, develop operating specifications, rigorous and meticulous accounting profes-sionalism. Surly and implementing practical teaching policy.

  15. Application of Career Anchor Theory in Higher Vocational Teachers’ Training%职业锚理论在高职教师培训中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栗娟

    2013-01-01

    职业锚是人们选择和发展职业时围绕的中心,与职业发展的定位密切相关。从职业锚的概念和类型出发,对高职教师培训中应用职业锚理论的必要性进行分析,并基于职业锚理论,提出高职教师培训的新思路:了解培训对象的职业锚,确立明确的培训目标;充分考虑培训对象的职业锚,提高培训师资质量;以人为本,创新培训模式;以职业锚为导向,健全培训效果评价机制。%Career anchor is the center when people do the occupation choice and make it developed, and it’s closely related to the orientation of the occupation development. Based on the concept and types of career anchor, the author analyzed the necessity of application of career anchor theory in higher vocational teachers’s training, and then put forward some new ideas for higher vocational teachers’ chaining:understand the career anchor of the teacher to be trained, and establish the training objectives;take the career anchor of the teacher to be trained into account, and improve the quality of lecturers;innovate the training model in people-oriented;strengthen the eval-uation mechanism of training effect in career anchor-oriented.

  16. Understanding the Initial Impact of Early Support and Key Working Training through the Voices of Trainers, Training Participants, and Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Ana Teresa; Lindsay, Geoff

    2016-01-01

    An exploratory study is reported of the delivery of the Early Support and Key Working (ES&KW) training program in England for multiagency professionals and parents. This qualitative study examined how ES&KW training principles and content relate to contemporary pillars in early childhood intervention; how this training is structured to…

  17. A computer-supported method to reveal and assess Personal Professional Theories in vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Bogaart, Antoine C.M.; Bilderbeek, Richardus; Schaap, Harmen; Hummel, Hans G.K.; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces a dedicated, computer-supported method to construct and formatively assess open, annotated concept maps of Personal Professional Theories (PPTs). These theories are internalised, personal bodies of formal and practical knowledge, values, norms and convictions that professiona

  18. Enhancing Job-Site Training of Supported Workers With Autism: A Reemphasis on Simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Perry Lattimore, L; Parsons, Marsha B.; Reid, Dennis H; Ahearn, William

    2006-01-01

    Currently recommended practice in supported work emphasizes training job skills to workers with severe disabilities while on the job. Early behavioral research indicated that skills needed in natural environments could also be trained in simulated settings. We compared job-site plus simulation training for teaching job skills to supported workers with autism to provision of training exclusively on the job. Job-site training occurred in a small publishing company during the regular work routin...

  19. 基于PDCA理论的高职工商管理学生职业能力培养研究%Vocational Ability Training Model Based on PDCA Theory for Business Management Students in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡昆; 卞迎河

    2016-01-01

    职业能力的培养需要精细化与重复训练,将工商管理学生职业能力的培养贯穿于专业课程教学的全过程,按照PDCA管理环原理设计课程的教学流程。改革后的教学工作包括:确定职业能力培养目标,建立包含职业能力各要素在内的课程考核标准,设计包含职业能力要素的实训任务,实施精细化的训练,自我评价与小组评价,总结训练成果及存在问题,将改善方案带入下一阶段的任务及训练。通过实证研究,调查数据显示: PDCA模式下学生的职业能力各项指标测评数值高于传统模式。%Vocational ability training should be carried out by refined and repeated practices through the whole pro-cess of major course teaching. This study proposed a new model based on PDCA theory which broke the regular modes concerning key abilities such as professional spirit shaped by ideological and political works, job skills by major course teaching, comprehensive ability by replacement internship and management ability by books. After the refor-mation, the teaching works should include:targeting the training objectives, establishing standards of the professional ability in curriculum checks, designing the training tasks, implementing the refined practices, self-evaluating and group-evaluating the processes, summarizing the training results and problems, improving the program into the next phase of the task and training. Through cyclic practical training, key elements should be integrated into contents of major courses, the studentsˊvocational ability will improve stably.

  20. Analysis of the Training of Modern Higher Vocational Music Education%论现代高职音乐教育师资力量的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶晶

    2015-01-01

    Higher vocational education is an important component of education cause in our country , and closely re-lated to employment .Academic research focus on the cultivation of students ’ professional quality .In recent years , music education is more and more paid attention to .The beginning of a good career need good comprehensive quali-ty.As the terminal of contact with students , music teachers in higher vocational colleges , affect the improvement of students ’ comprehensive quality .This paper analyzed the higher vocational colleges and music education research And discussed emphatically music education faculty development train of thought in the higher vocational educa -tion.%高职教育是我国教育事业的重要组成部分,与就业紧密相关。对于学生职业素质的培养一直是学界研究的重点,音乐教育作为德育的重要途径,也越来越受到重视,一个良好职业生涯的开端需要良好的综合素养。高职院校的音乐教师作为与学生接触的终端,对学生综合素质的提高有着直接的影响。本文对高职院校音乐教育的相关研究进行了简单分析,重点讨论了在高职教育中,音乐教育师资力量的发展思路。

  1. Profiling the Psychological Training and Support Needs of Oncology Staff, and Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Level 2 Psychological Support Training Program Workshop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laffan, Amanda J; Daniels, Jo; Osborn, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The importance of training non-psychology healthcare professionals to offer psychological support to people with cancer is becoming increasingly recognized. This small-scale pilot project sought to identify the training and support needs of oncology staff and to evaluate the effectiveness of a Level 2 Psychological Support Training Program workshop. Semi-structured interviews with five members of multidisciplinary oncology staff identified that training needs were primarily around communication skills, recognizing and dealing with emotions, offering support and empathy, and self-care. Pre and post-training questionnaires developed with these themes in mind revealed that the Level 2 Training Program workshops run in this network of hospitals are effective in increasing participants' levels of perceived knowledge and confidence across each of these domains. Recommendations are made for further enhancing this effectiveness.

  2. Educating vocationally trained family physicians: a survey of graduates from a postgraduate medical education programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Wayne K; Dovey, Susan M

    2016-06-01

    INTRODUCTION Since 1991 the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand has offered postgraduate qualifications specifically designed to educate general practitioners (GPs) about their unique work environment. AIM To determine motivations and impacts of postgraduate education for practising GPs. METHODS Survey of the 100 graduates of the University of Otago, Dunedin postgraduate general practice programme. Ninety five living graduates were approached and 70 (73.7%) responded. Quantitative data about disposition of respondents before enrolling and after completion of the programme were analysed using chi-square and paired t-tests. Free text responses about motivations, impacts and outcomes of the program were thematically analysed. RESULTS 64 GPs graduated with a postgraduate diploma and 36 with a masters degree in general practice. Although the mean number of graduates was 3.5 and 2.0 (respectively), annual enrolments averaged 25.1. Most graduates (60.9%) were aged in their 40s when they started studying and most (94.3%) had a spouse and/or children at home. DISCUSSION This voluntary postgraduate medical education complements traditional medical training but has low external value despite personal, practising and professional benefits. Graduates valued engagement above completion of a qualification. KEYWORDS Medical education; general practitioners; scholarship; professionalism.

  3. The Effectiveness of Problem-based Learning Approach on Students’ Skills in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Specifically on Programming Course Using a Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) Simulator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    using a Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) simulator. The study will use data from the German-Malaysian Institute in Malaysia. The findings of this study will provide a general guideline for educators in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions in implementing Problem......Industry has a great need for highly skilled technicians that graduate from Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET). In a study started at Aalborg University (AAU) the purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of the (PBL) approach on students’ skills, in particular on programming course...

  4. 当前大学生职业技能培训的状况及问题分析%Analysis of the Situation and Problems of Contemporary College Students' Vocational Skills Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱冬

    2014-01-01

    针对当今大学生职业技能培训的现状及问题,提出了开展大学生职业技能培训的对策,以期提高大学生的就业竞争力,解决大学生就业困难的问题。%According to the present situation and problems of vocational skills training of today's college students, some strategies of training students' vocational skills are put forward to enhance the employment ability and competitiveness of college students to solve employment problems.

  5. Analysis team building of vocational training teachers%高职高专实训教师队伍建设浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许霞

    2015-01-01

    随着社会进步,科技的发展,高职高专院校面对越来越严峻的就业形式,因此就需要高职高专院校培养一大批拥有一定专业知识,具备生产第一线熟练实践技能的技术应用型人才,而不仅仅是拥有扎实理论基础的从事科研设计的学术型人才。人才培养任重道远。应用型人才培养注重实训教学,而实训教学的关键组成部分为实训教师又称“双师型”教师,因此提升实训教师职业素质、建设优质师资队伍是高质量实训教学的关键因素,关系到高职高专院校顺利实现教学目标。文章针对“双师型”教师队伍建设目前存在的问题进行着重分析并进一步深入探讨。%With social progress and development of technology, vocational colleges face of increasingly severe forms of employment, and therefore requires a large number of vocational schools in training must have professional knowledge, with the first production line of skilled practical skills the technical talents, rather than have a solid theoretical foundation engaged in academic research design talents. Talents done. Application of Talent focus on training teaching, training teaching the key component for the training of teachers known as"Double Teachers", therefore the training to enhance the professional quality, construction quality of teachers is the key to high-quality training of teaching factors related to the smooth realization of vocational colleges teaching objectives. Aiming at "Double" Teachers currently focuses on the problems and further explored.

  6. Sensitivity of Support Vector Machine Classification to Various Training Features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuling Bian

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Remote sensing image classification is one of the most important techniques in image interpretation, which can be used for environmental monitoring, evaluation and prediction. Many algorithms have been developed for image classification in the literature. Support vector machine (SVM is a kind of supervised classification that has been widely used recently. The classification accuracy produced by SVM may show variation depending on the choice of training features. In this paper, SVM was used for land cover classification using Quickbird images. Spectral and textural features were extracted for the classification and the results were analyzed thoroughly. Results showed that the number of features employed in SVM was not the more the better. Different features are suitable for different type of land cover extraction. This study verifies the effectiveness and robustness of SVM in the classification of high spatial resolution remote sensing images.    

  7. 高职院校拓展训练课程教学体系的构建%Expand training teaching system in Higher Vocational Colleges Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温丙帅

    2012-01-01

      Through analysis of vocational colleges in China ,”sports and health courses the status quo ,physical education ,there is a sin-gle form of teaching ,students’ interest is not very high ,active low participation ,the student’s psychological endurance capacity and professional ability to adapt to quality need to beto comprehensively strengthen to become a prominent problem ,and to carry out the ex-pansion of training courses to supplement vocational school ,with the significance and feasibility .Vocational Colleges to expand the text from the teaching objectives ,course content ,curriculum implementation methods ,assessment and evaluation of training courses teach-ing system .%  对我国目前高职院校《体育与健康》课程现状进行了分析。教学形式单一、学生兴趣不高、主动参与率低、学生的心理承受能力和职业适应能力差是体育课教学中亟待解决的问题,因此在高职院校开展拓展训练课程进行补充,具有现实意义及可行性。应从教学目标、教学内容、课程实施方法、考核评价等方面构建高职院校拓展训练课程教学体系。

  8. 论如何将企业培训模式引入高职教学课堂%On How to Bring the Training Modes of Enterprises into the Teaching Classroom of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘浩

    2015-01-01

    本文从高职教学与企业培训的特点出发,阐述了高职教学目前采用的教学方法及不足,然后介绍了企业培训模式的一些特点,这些特点对高职教学的现有方式方法是非常有效的补充。接下来本文重点阐述了如何在高职教学中引入企业的培训模式和方法,主要阐述了一些基本层面的内容,希望对高职教学内容的设计有所帮助。%Beginning from the characteristics of teaching of higher vocational colleges and enterprise training, this paper expounds the teaching methods and disadvantages of higher vocational teaching, and then introduces some characteristics of the enterprise training model, which are very effective supplements to the present ways of the higher vocational teaching. Next, this paper focuses on how to bring the training modes and ways of enterprises into higher vocational teaching, which mainly expounds the content in some basic level. And hope that it helps to design the teaching content in higher vocational colleges.

  9. Sexual orientation, gender identity and non-discrimination - The Albanian labor legislation and its effects on employment and vocational training potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albana Shtylla

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Albania is undergoing an important moment in its integration process to European Union. In this context, the Albanian legislation should compare with the best international standards, in guaranteeing the implementation of the rule of law, democratic principals, the citizen’s equity and the observance of fundamental human rights and freedoms. The promotion, protection and the guaranteeing of the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, including the LGBT person’s rights, must have the same attention and consideration, irrespective of the fact that the individual is being part of a social minor group, or part of the majority of the society. The community of the Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Transgender (LGBT in Albania, based on the legislation in force, should enjoy equal rights and freedoms like all other members of the society. The Constitution of the Republic of Albania, the Albanian labour legislation and the legislation generally, are inspired in accordance with the non-discrimination principles, objectives and definitions of international acts, promoting and expressing protection of human rights and freedoms in general, and in particular in the field of employment and vocational training. This paper will analyze, if the sexual orientation, is one of the causes of discrimination for employment and vocational training, in Albanian legislation, especially how it is expressed this issue on the Constitution of the Republic of Albania, the Albanian Labour Code, the Albanian law “On the protection against discrimination” ect.

  10. Research on the Training Environment Construction for Express Specialty in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职快递专业实训环境建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋扬

    2016-01-01

    高职教育作为一种以职业为导向的专业教育,重点培养学生具备职业岗位所需要的基本技能,快递行业是近几年来发展最快的行业之一,又是劳动密集型行业,实训环节必不可少。本文探讨了如何构建与培养岗位技能相适应的高职快递专业实训环境。%As career oriented professional education, higher vocational education focuses on cultivating students with basic skills to get jobs. Express delivery industry is one of the fastest growing industries in recent years, and it is a labor-intensive industry, so practical training is indispensable. This paper discusses how to build and develop an express specialty practical training environment that meets the job skills in higher vocational colleges.

  11. 高职院校学生"职业化"培训的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice of Vocational College Students' Professional Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柳乡

    2016-01-01

    如何满足企业的员工职业素质要求是当前高职院校面临的挑战."职业化"培训体系的探索与融入教学体系,并通过全方位的员工思维与行为体验训练,让"职业化"理念全方位渗透于学习生活中,最终实现学校到企业的无缝对接.%How to meet the requirements of enterprise staff's professional quality is the challenge of the vocational colleges. Exploration and integration into the teaching system of professional training system, lets the concept of "professional" in all aspects of study and life through a full range of staff thinking and behavior experience training, so as to realize the school to the enterprise seamless.

  12. Implementing the European Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training (EQAVET at National Level: Some Insights from the PEN Leonardo Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzanne Gatt

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available EQAVET, the quality assurance tool in vocational and educational training, was developed in response to the need for a supply of a trained workforce for labour market needs. Implementation of EQAVET at national level, however, remains a challenge. The research reported here focused on the implementation of QA processes by VET providers in 4 countries: Malta, Italy, Turkey, and Sweden. Data was collected through a questionnaire with 62 VET providers. Responses showed that there is an overall commitment to quality. There is, however, little knowledge of EQAVET across the countries, with the exception of Malta. None the less, all VET providers have implemented some aspects of EQAVET, even if not always intentionally. The situation is, however, far from EQAVET being fully implemented. Reflections are made on whether the EQAVET model specifically or qualification assurance principles assurances should be promoted across Europe.

  13. IonLab. A remote-controlled experiment for academic and vocational education and training on extraction chromatography and ion exchange

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, Wolfgang; Fournier, Claudia; Vahlbruch, Jan-Willem; Walther, Clemens [Leibniz Univ., Hannover (Germany). Inst. for Radioecology and Radiation Protection (IRS)

    2016-07-01

    As a major contribution to modern web-based education and training in nuclear chemistry we have built and operated a remote-controlled experiment - IonLab - as part of the integrated EUFP7 project CINCHII. The setup is suitable for teaching basics on extraction chromatography and ion exchange using radionuclides. We describe separation of the beta emitting nuclides Sr-90 and Y-90 followed by radiometric detection, but the experiment is easily adapted to other separation schemes. This approach is aimed at institutions in academic or vocational education who need to convey the skills of handling radioactive (or otherwise dangerous, e.g. biotoxic) substances without appropriately licensed laboratory space for teaching. This camera-monitored remote controlled lab experiment has proved to be much closer to a real hands-on training and superior to a mere computer simulation.

  14. 失地农民职业技能培训的政府责任探究%Farmers' Vocational Skill Training to Explore the Government Responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘丽丹

    2011-01-01

    Land-lost farmers employment problem is becoming more and more serious, which has affected the social stability and economic development. The government should pay high attention to the farmers' vocational skills training, clear farmers' skill training in%失地农民就业问题越来越突出,已影响到社会稳定和经济发展。政府应高度重视失地农民职业技能培训问题,明确在失地农民技能培训中的职能和责任,改善绩效是理想政府的职能和责任。

  15. Training telescope operators and support astronomers at Paranal

    CERN Document Server

    Boffin, Henri M J; Anderson, Joe; Pino, Andres; de Wit, Willem-Jan; Girard, Julien H V

    2016-01-01

    The operations model of the Paranal Observatory relies on the work of efficient staff to carry out all the daytime and nighttime tasks. This is highly dependent on adequate training. The Paranal Science Operations department (PSO) has a training group that devises a well-defined and continuously evolving training plan for new staff, in addition to broadening and reinforcing courses for the whole department. This paper presents the training activities for and by PSO, including recent astronomical and quality control training for operators, as well as adaptive optics and interferometry training of all staff. We also present some future plans.

  16. Training telescope operators and support astronomers at Paranal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boffin, Henri M. J.; Gadotti, Dimitri A.; Anderson, Joe; Pino, Andres; de Wit, Willem-Jan; Girard, Julien H. V.

    2016-07-01

    The operations model of the Paranal Observatory relies on the work of efficient staff to carry out all the daytime and nighttime tasks. This is highly dependent on adequate training. The Paranal Science Operations department (PSO) has a training group that devises a well-defined and continuously evolving training plan for new staff, in addition to broadening and reinforcing courses for the whole department. This paper presents the training activities for and by PSO, including recent astronomical and quality control training for operators, as well as adaptive optics and interferometry training of all staff. We also present some future plans.

  17. 基于职业素养创新电子实训教学改革%Vocational Quality Based Innovation and Reform of Electronics Practical Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭占苗

    2015-01-01

    电子实训是作为一门综合性和应用性很强的实践课程,是西安航空职业技术学院电子类专业学生的主要实训课程,通过采取"职业素养导向、任务驱动、工位化管理、项目化教学"的工作过程电子实训模式,以企业作业标准来要求学生;以职业素养培养为核心,进行"做前有所知、做有所依、做中有思、做毕有果"的四位一体化组织教学,从而提高学生的职业素养以适应职场的变化.%Electronic training is considered as a comprehensive and practical course, which is the key training course for electronic majors at our college. In the course of teaching, we mainly take the Vocational quality oriented, task driven, position management, project oriented teaching mode to cultivate students' ability on manufacturer's stan-dard. On the Premise that developing students'vocational quality cultivation as the core task, we have taken effec-tive teaching methods that students master theoretical knowledge, complete the training task and learn to think inde-pendently in the process of electronic training, thereby improving their ability to adapt to the changing workplace.

  18. Regional Development and Vocational Training. The Problems of Evaluation. Colloquium (Limoges, France, June 18-19, 1990).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierret, M.

    1990-01-01

    This paper summarizes the proceedings of a conference held to discuss evaluation in vocational education. The agenda included welcome speeches and the introductory address by Robert Savy, President of the Regional Council of Limousin (France); an opening session with statements from representatives of the Commission of the European Communities…

  19. It's off to Work We Go: Attitude toward Disability at Vocational Training Programs at Jewish Summer Camps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Baglieri and Shapiro (2012) argue that considering attitudes toward disability is an important step toward building a more inclusive society. This study examines attitudes toward disability of staff members of vocational and independent living skills programs for young adults with disabilities in four Jewish summer camps. McDermott and Varenne's…

  20. Austerity and Modernisation, One Nation Labour--Localism, the Economy and Vocational Education and Training in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avis, James

    2014-01-01

    The paper addresses national and global questions concerned with neoliberalism, social democracy and social justice. It explores a number of themes that arise from the British Labour Party's policy review and its rebranding as One Nation Labour (ONL). In particular it addresses ONL's approach to the economy, localism and vocational education and…

  1. Improving Systems Providing Education and Training throughout Life. Flexible Access to Technical and Vocational Education throughout Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartram, John D.

    A large majority of the world's people are denied access to learning. The link between technical and vocational education (TVE) and individual and workplace economic productivity is well documented. Many countries are experiencing combinations of increasing populations of young people and high unemployment rates. Existing traditions of training…

  2. On the Mergence ways of Career Humanistic Quality and Vocational Skills Training in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校职业人文素质教育与职业技能培养相融路径探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温雪秋

    2014-01-01

    Vocational humanistic education and vocational skills training are two complementary aspects of personnel training in vocational colleges. In order to change the current phenomenon of"value skills, underrate humanities,"we must change the educational philosophy, optimize the curriculum, upgrade the teacher quality, construct a campus culture environment, achieve the mergence of career humanistic quality and vocational skills training,so as to promote the overall development of students, achieve the training objectives and meet the needs of the community.%职业人文教育与职业技能培养是高职院校人才培养相辅相成的两个方面。要改变高职教育“重技能、轻人文”的现状,必须从转变教育理念、优化课程设置、提升师资队伍、营造校园文化环境等方面着手,实现职业人文素质教育与职业技能培养的融合、渗透,促进学生的全面发展,实现人才培养目标、满足社会需求。

  3. Fast Training of Support Vector Machines Using Error-Center-Based Optimization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L. Meng; Q. H. Wu

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a new algorithm for Support Vector Machine (SVM) training, which trains a machine based on the cluster centers of errors caused by the current machine. Experiments withvarious training sets show that the computation time of this new algorithm scales almost linear with training set size and thus may be applied to much larger training sets, in comparison to standard quadratic programming (QP) techniques.

  4. 基于协调发展的中高职培养目标衔接的探析%Explore and Analyze the Joint of Training Objective based on Harmonious Development of Secondary and Higher Vocational : Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盖馥

    2011-01-01

    It needs to do the harmonious development well of secondary and higher vocational colleges by establishing Chinese characteristic modern vocational education system.The main problem of their harmonious development is the joint of training objective of secondary and higher vocational colleges.However,the presents situation of training objective urgently needs to begin from the angle of system,and needs reorintation.Therefore,it should change idea, reintegrate the value orintation or training objective ,find out the correct connecting point,analyze it from professional ability,and confirm the dipartite degree of the ability training.On based of it,it makes integrated design for training objective of vocational education,and determine the training objective of secondary and higher vocational colleges by segments.%建立具有中国特色的现代职业教育体系要做好中高职协调发展。中高职协调发展的首要问题就是要做好中高职培养目标的衔接,而当前的中高职培养目标的现状迫切需要从系统的角度出发,对其重新定位。因此,要转变理念,重新整合中高等职业教育培养目标的价值取向,找准对接口;从职业能力分析入手,确定能力培养区分度;在此基础上,对职业教育培养目标进行一体化设计,分段确定中职和高职的培养目标。

  5. 高职大学生社会支持现状的调查研究%Survey on Social Support Status Quo of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2014-01-01

    采用肖水源的社会支持量表,以618名高职大学生为研究对象,调查分析了高职大学生社会支持现状,结果表明:是独生子的高职大学生客观支持得分显著高于非独生子的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生,非独生子的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于独生子,是班干部的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持利用度得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生支持总分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持总分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生。结论:高职大学生的社会支持呈现一定的特点,受其生源地、是否为独生子女、是否为班干部等因素的影响。对高职大学生开展心理健康教育时,要充分考虑其社会支持程度的差异性,鼓励其积极主动获取社会支持。%This survey employs Xiao Shuiyuan’s social support scaling method and uses 618 higher vocational col-lege students as research objects to survey and analyze social support status quo of college students. The result shows that the objective support score of higher vocational college students who are only child is higher than non -only child significantly;the subjective support score of higher vocational college students whose origins are cities is much higher than those from rural areas;the subjective support score of the non - only child is far higher than the only - child;the subjective support score of class leaders is even higher than those who are not class leaders;the support availability score of class leaders is significantly higher than those who are not class leaders;the total sup-port score of those from cities is higher than those from rural areas;the total support score of class leaders is

  6. Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ketelaar, Evelien; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Boshuizen, Els

    2012-01-01

    Ketelaar, E., Den Brok, P., Beijaard, D., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2012). Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 64(3), 295-315. doi:10.1080/13636820.2012.691534

  7. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  8. Activities for the Education and Vocational Training of Migrant Workers and Their Families in the European Community. Contribution to the Standing Conference of European Ministers of Education from the European Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France).

    Two major areas of concern related to the education and vocational training of migrant workers and their families are concentrated on in this report: the implementation of action programmes, and the preparation and application of community instruments. Specific regulations and directives of the Council are summarized, showing the intent to…

  9. Some Issues of Micro and Small Enterprises in Wolaita Soddo Town of SNNPR, Ethiopia and Implication for Technical and Vocational Education and Skills Training: Leather Sector in Extra Emphasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginja, Tamirat Gibon

    2016-01-01

    Technical and Vocational Education & skills Training (TVET) and Micro & Small Enterprises (MSEs) are so significant sectors in socio-economic development journey of a country. This Article was aimed at investigating empirically the challenges that Micro and Small Enterprises facing and the extent of business development services provided…

  10. Taking autonomous recruitment as an opportunity to reform and innovate the mode of talents training in higher vocational colleges%以自主招生为契机改革创新高职人才培养模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱亮; 吴君民

    2016-01-01

    Autonomous enrollment reform of higher vocational colleges can provide a new method for the selection of innovative talents,and it is an important supplement to the college entrance examination.Higher vocational colleges implement the appropriate independent recruitment separation from examination,improve the efficiency of selecting ealents and promote the cultivation of talents in higher vocational education.With the deepening of autonomous re-cruitment,in the formulation of policy higher vocational colleges should define the criteria for the selection of talents, establish corresponding aim for students,higher vocational college should develop and implement training mode for higher vocational talents under the background of independent recruitment to promote the reform of the implementation of quality education and training creative talents,and promote the development of higher vocational education.%高校的自主招生改革为选拔创新人才提供新方法,是高校招生考试的一种重要补充。高职院校的自主招生适当实行了招考分离,提高了选材效率,对高职院校人才培养工作起到了促进作用。随着自主招生不断深入,高职院校在制定招生政策时,应明确定位人才选择的标准,制定相应的培养目标,制定和实施适合自主招生背景下的高职人才培养模式,以改革推进素质教育实施和创新人才培养,促进高职教育高水平发展。

  11. Vocational education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koudahl, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Paper præsenteret ved World Conference on Learning, Teaching and Administration 29. – 31. Oktober 2010 i Cairo, Egypten......Paper præsenteret ved World Conference on Learning, Teaching and Administration 29. – 31. Oktober 2010 i Cairo, Egypten...

  12. Academic Vocational Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Søren; Keller, Hanne Dauer; Stegeager, Nikolaj

    2010-01-01

    of such educational investment in terms of improved workplace efficiency remain obscure both with respect to the organization and the individual. Academically acquired knowledge is generally admitted not to affect work-related outcomes to any significant extent. The three authors of this paper are all involved...

  13. Academic Vocational Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Søren; Keller, Hanne Dauer; Stegeager, Nikolaj

    2010-01-01

    Danish society puts a high value on education which is traditionally seen as a crucial vehicle for development in all spheres of social and economic life. Large sums are spent on work-related adult learning, an important example being academically based masters programs. Yet, the actual effects o...

  14. Outcomes of a Social and Vocational Skills Support Group for Adolescents and Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillier, Ashleigh; Fish, Tom; Cloppert, Patricia; Beversdorf, David Q.

    2007-01-01

    Adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently experience social isolation and vocational failure. Although social skills groups are vital, relatively few model programs have been developed for this age group. This article reviews the model and evaluation of the Aspirations program, an 8-week social and vocational…

  15. Bioinformatics Training: A Review of Challenges, Actions and Support Requirements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, M.V.; Watson, J.; Attwood, T.;

    2010-01-01

    As bioinformatics becomes increasingly central to research in the molecular life sciences, the need to train non-bioinformaticians to make the most of bioinformatics resources is growing. Here, we review the key challenges and pitfalls to providing effective training for users of bioinformatics...... services, and discuss successful training strategies shared by a diverse set of bioinformatics trainers. We also identify steps that trainers in bioinformatics could take together to advance the state of the art in current training practices. The ideas presented in this article derive from the first...

  16. THE NEW VIEW AT THE QUALITY OF ASSESSMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCE AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF STUDENTS OF SECONDARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alsu Raufovna Kamaleeva

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In article the problem of selection of the new adapted training technologies and methods of estimation of integrative qualities of students within requirements of new educational standards of secondary professional education is analyzed. As a method of a research the theoretical analysis of specialized literature on the pedagogical technologies applied in domestic practice to estimation of results of training of students was used. The point of view of domestic and foreign scientists on understanding of the term «pedagogical technology» is presented. Stages of development of pedagogical technology and levels of an assessment of its efficiency without use are described and when using information and communication technologies. In detail the technique of formation of universal educational actions is considered; the through technology focused on a formation degree assessment at students of competences; a method of the prolonged estimation by means of mark and rating system; method of calculation of absolute progress and indicator of full assimilation of a training material. On through technology and a method of the prolonged estimation results of an empirical research are given. Material of article will be useful to teachers of disciplines of a natural-science and professional cycle in system of secondary professional education.

  17. 浅析高职物流专业人才培养模式创新%Logistics Talent Training Mode Innovation of Technical and Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周洁; 张明明

    2012-01-01

    为适应区域经济发展对物流业人才的需求,高职院校应适时地对物流管理专业人才的培养进行准确定位,“以就业为导向”作为人才培养宗旨。从物流人才的需求规模与岗位能力的要求出发,合理确定高职物流人才培养方向与培养目标,创新人才培养模式,创新课程体系、教学模式、教学方式和手段以及评价考核模式,从而提高高职教育物流人才培养水平。推动物流产业持续、快速、协调发展。%To meet the logistics talent requirement for regional economic development, setting accurate training goals in time, taking the vacatlon-oriented principle, and starting from the market demand and competence requirement, technical and vocational colleges need to set rational training orientation and objectives, create new talent-training patterns, curriculum system, teaching models and techniques, and performance appraisal patterns to increase training level of logistics talents and advance sustained, rapid and coordinated development.

  18. A Study of Regional Economic Development demand in Pearl River Delta and Vocational Competence Training of Higher Vocational Enlish%珠三角区域经济产业结构需求与高职英语职业能力培养体系对接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波娜

    2015-01-01

    本文基于珠三角经济产业结构下的高职英语职业能力培养与区域经济对接的必要性分析,从高职英语培养目标,课程内容设置,实践教学,双师型教师队伍和教学评价等方面,深入的探讨如何构建与珠三角区域产业结构需求对接的高职英语职业能力培养体系。%Based on the demand of regional economic development in Pearl River Delta and vocational competence training of Higher Vocational English, and from the perspective of training target, the setup of curriculum content, practical teaching, the construction of "double-type" teachers, and teaching evaluation. This purpose of this paper intends to how to construct vocational competence Training system of Higher Vocational English combining with the demand of regional economic development.

  19. Teaching and learning in the Danish Vocational Education and Training system from a student’s perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Arnt Louw

    2011-01-01

    is organized as well as what makes students thrive and learn in the learning environment and what blocks this thriving and learning. The paper is based on empirical studies of the teaching, the social positions and positioning in the classroom, pupil-identities and the processes of in- and exclusion among...... the students. The purpose of the project is to point to successful learning processes and to shed light on the challenges the students as well as the teachers face in relation to the student’s requirement of professional vocational skills. The paper will investigate the term: strangeness to the vocations...... as a concept that might shed light on the learning processes and the different possibilities different students has and occupy in the social space of the learning environment in VET. The paper is based on a 5 week anthropological field study, where I was enrolled as a student at the foundational course...

  20. Relationship marketing and disadvantaged health care segments: using internal marketing to improve the vocational rehabilitation process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peltier, James W; Scovotti, Carol

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of vocational rehabilitation (VR) is to provide disabled individuals with the training and support services needed to assimilate into the workforce. This study incorporates concepts developed in the relationship marketing and internal marketing literature to determine the factors that influence overall satisfaction of vocational training services. Results underscore the importance of social and structural bonds that develop among the multiple stakeholders involved in the VR process. Satisfaction is also influenced by the design and equipment used in the facilities and the efficiency of initiating VR services. A highly reliable instrument to measure VR participant satisfaction is presented.