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Sample records for vocational studies department

  1. The Implications of Theory Z for Departments of Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Linda S.

    1983-01-01

    Describes the Theory Z management approach as postulated by William G. Ouchi and presents steps to be considered by postsecondary departments of vocational education attempting to implement this approach. (NRJ)

  2. [Florida State Department of Education] Division of Vocational Education Dissemination and Diffusion Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This dissemination and diffusion handbook for the Florida State Department Division of Vocational Education is divided into ten chapters. Chapter 1 describes the functions of the dissemination and diffusion (D&D) section of the division of vocational education. Identifying the procedures and processes to be followed, chapter 2 focuses on the…

  3. Development of Vocational Secondary School Students Competitiveness for Studies in the European Area of Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Dementjeva

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT OF THE PROMOTION THESIS DEVELOPMENT OF VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ COMPETITIVENESS FOR STUDIES IN THE EUROPEAN AREA OF HIGHER EDUCATION The promotion thesis „Development of Vocational Secondary School Students’ Competitiveness for Studies in the European Area of Higher Education” in the field of general pedagogy of pedagogical science has been worked out by Olga Dementjeva under the supervision of Dr. chem. Professor Andrejs Rauhvargers at the Depart...

  4. Obstacles Faced by Heads of Departments and Faculty Members in the Jordanian Public Universities in the Implementation of Vocational and Technical Education Programs from Their Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammad, Heba Ibraheem; Airout, Mostafa Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to find out the obstacles faced by heads of departments and faculty members at Jordanian public universities in the implementation of vocational and technical education programs from their perspective, and to find out the effect of gender, experience, and academic rank on their perspective. To achieve the aim of the…

  5. Developing Strategic Leadership for Administrators: Private Vocational College Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumnongya, Areeya; Sirisuthi, Chaiyuth; Chansirisira, Pacharawit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to study and define a number of factors measuring quality and efficiency in administrators of private vocational college, and to test and evaluate the efficiency of the strategic leadership program. Twelve factors and 83 indicators were identified as vital for strategic leadership for private vocational college…

  6. Data Available for Studying Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, David B.

    The Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) data base was created as a result of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1976. VEDS statistics were to be collected in the form of state-aggregate data (that is, state-level data is submitted by each state, based upon records and data collected by the state for this and other purposes); and VEDS data,…

  7. Self-Evaluation Manual. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction Secondary Vocational Program Evaluation Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klitzke, Elizabeth; And Others

    The purpose of this self-evaluation manual is to provide the procedures and instrumentation through which vocational education program personnel may evaluate or re-evaluate the value and effectiveness of their program. The manual is based upon statewide goals and objectives of vocational education as determined in 1983 by the project advisory…

  8. Vocational Education and Zakat: The Case Study of Punjab Vocational Training Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal M. KHAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to explore the prospect of teaching Entrepreneurship Education to those who acquire vocational skills at Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC. It is also to explore whether PVTC has promoted entrepreneurship through its vocational training institutes located all over Punjab. This study also deals with the concept of utilization of ‘Zakat' for the purpose of vocational education as a mode for possible replication. The research objective has been to follow the progress of this institution. It has also been to record the successes of this model of a public-private ownership, a model of utilizing the ‘Zakat' to fund education projects, a value based organization, a learning organization and a highly innovative institution. The other objective is to explore the evidence of entrepreneurship education and its effectiveness in PVTC. Literature has been reviewed on vocational training and entrepreneurship education. It also reviews experience and evidence of such practice prevailing in other environment. Combined with this is the review and conceptualization of a model based on ‘zakat'. Research Methodology used is basically qualitative; data has been collected through semi structured intensive interviews and from focus groups of stakeholders. The strategies adopted to collect data in this study are “survey”, “case study” and “grounded theory.” The data collected from semi structured interviews were concluded by thematic analysis, analyzing technique of writing reports from data. NVivo software was utilized for triangulation to reduce the data bias and increase validity by comparing primary and secondary data. The findings of this research have been that the pedagogical skills offered by PVTC's are not effective for entrepreneurial potential development. Work is required for entrepreneurial curriculum development and training of PVTCs' instructors, students and practitioners. The research also reveals

  9. Study on the cohesion and coherence in English teaching between junior middle school and vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范佳

    2012-01-01

      English in junior middle school is the basis of English in vocational school. As the current situation of vocational school students' English is unsatisfactory after they graduate from junior middle school and the study on the cohesion and coherence in English teaching between junior middle school and vocational school is a little. According to the current situation,this paper aims to search the ways of connecting junior middle school English teaching and vocational school English teaching. We can find the relationship between junior middle school English teaching and vocational school English teaching and the ways to help the vocational school students learn English wel .

  10. Team Visitation Guidelines. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction Secondary Vocational Program Evaluation Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klitzke, Elizabeth; And Others

    The guidelines contained in this manual were written to outline the role of the visiting team members and the team leader and to familiarize the team with the details necessary to conduct a comprehensive external evaluation of Wisconsin secondary vocational programs. The responsibilities of school personnel are also spelled out so that team…

  11. A Longitudinal Study on Internship Effectiveness in Vocational Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Chin-Sheng; Yang, Jen-te; Cheng, Shu-yun; Su, Chiakai

    2013-01-01

    A cooperative education experience (or internship placement) is an essential component of the curricula of vocational higher education. The efficacy of internship placements has become one of the major concerns facing those who develop education curricula. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore the relationships among the…

  12. Vocational and Technical Education Master's Employment-oriented Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋琳

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,as China's rapid economic development,vocational and technical education has been gradually recognized by the society.As highly educated people,vocational and technical education graduate is an important force in the development of vocational education.But in reality,their employment orientation deviate from the trend of the profession and only a small part of them do related work after graducation.Combined with the current development status of vocational education,the article analysis the reasons of this problem and give policy recommendations,so as to create a good environment for vocational and technical education talented people.

  13. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  14. Perceptions of Vocational Training with Elementary Special Education Students: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Beth A.; Williams, Kashunda L.

    2011-01-01

    The present study sought to determine the perceived utility of initiating vocational training in primary education by implementing a student-operated restaurant. Specifically, this study examined the extent to which vocational education training affected school professionals', parents', and elementary special education students' perceptions of…

  15. On the Standardization Construction of Vocational Education Department of Locomotive Depot%对机务段职教科标准化建设的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗茵蓓

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the current problems of education and training of locomotive system and construction of vocational education department and dissects the causes of problems.It puts forward standardization construction scheme of vocational education department of locomotive depot from five aspects , specifically , infrastructure management , equipment and facility , training organization , training teachers and contents.%通过对机务系统教育培训工作和职教科建设情况的研究,分析目前存在的不足,对问题产生的原因进行了剖析,从而对机务段职教科基础管理、设备设施、培训组织、培训师资、培训内容等五个方面提出了标准化建设方案。

  16. Holland's Vocational Models: A Study of Work Groups and Need Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacey, David W.

    1971-01-01

    This study investigated: (1) the concurrent validity of Holland's theory for employed men; and (2) the pattern of needs associated with occupations exemplifying each of Holland's models. Five vocational scales distributed eight work groups, representative of each of Holland's vocational models, in a comparable fashion according to their interests.…

  17. A Study of Factors Associated with the Vocational Development of High School Agricultural Occupations Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byler, Bennie L.; Hemp, Paul E.

    Among the most crucial problems facing young people today are decisions in the process of vocational development. This study was designed to determine if there are differences in certain aspects of vocational development among the groups of high school agriculture students who plan to enter on-farm agricultural occupations, those who plan to enter…

  18. Feasibility Study of Impact of the Proposed National Vocational Education Data Reporting and Accounting System (VEDS) Forms on Reporting Systems for Secondary Vocational Education in Wisconsin. Project Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poehlmann, M. M.

    A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of implementing a reporting system, the National Vocational Education Reporting and Accounting System (VEDS), for secondary vocational education in Wisconsin. As proposed by the National Center for Educational Statistics, the VEDS system is a comprehensive information collection package to provide…

  19. An Explore into Modes of Entrepreneurship Education in Higher Vocational Colleges:A Case Study to Department of Commerce in Guangzhou City Polytechnic%高职院校分阶段、多层次创业教育模式探索——以广州城市职业学院商贸系实践为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余彦蓉; 燕艳

    2012-01-01

    Although studies of entrepreneurship education in higher vocational colleges have been carried on, there is no comparatively mature theory system or frame of it. Based on the practice of entrepreneurship education in Guangzhou City Polytechnic, considering SELM of Sun Yat - sen University, this paper explains the content, teaching methods as well as evaluating norms of entrepreneurship education. It also explores into modes of entrepreneurship education in higher vocational colleges periodically through phases.%高职院校创业教育研究虽已进入起步阶段,但还未形成相对成熟的理论体系和框架,本文以广州城市职业学院的创业教育实践为基础,借鉴中山大学基于全球商业竞争的创业教育模式(SELM),阐述创业教育开展的具体内容、教学方法、教学评估指标,探索了分阶段、多层次的高职院校创业教育模式。

  20. A Portrait of Rural America: Conditions Affecting Vocational Education Policy. Vocational Education Study Publication No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Stuart

    The monograph is an attempt to describe conditions existing today in rural America that can affect the operation and impact of vocational education in rural areas and, thus, should exercise an influence on policy making. It identifies statistical patterns and characteristics common to rural areas, both within regions and those that cut across…

  1. The Phoenix: Vocational Education and Training in Singapore. International Comparative Study of Leading Vocational Education Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Marc S.

    2012-01-01

    This is the first in a series of reports from the Center on International Education Benchmarking (CIEB) exploring the leading vocational and technical education systems from around the world to draw out what makes these systems great and what other countries can learn from them. This first report was based on a visit of several days to Singapore…

  2. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  3. Vocational Knowledge in Rural Children: A Study of Individual Differences and Predictors of Occupational Aspirations and Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt-Wilson, Sarah; Welsh, Marilyn C.

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have identified individual differences in vocational knowledge or its association with career aspirations or expectations of children. We investigated whether individual differences in grade, gender, academic achievement, and SES predict levels of vocational knowledge, and further examined the relationship between vocational knowledge…

  4. On the Factors Affecting Effective English Teaching in Vocational Colleges--A Case Study of GUET Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈毅; 韦宛彤

    2016-01-01

    Based on the previous researches, this thesis explores the present situation of effective English teaching in GUET Vocational College, by taking students from grade 2015 as study objects, and focusing on factors of students, English teachers, textbooks, and evaluation system, then points out the existing problems and analyzes the reasons based on the results of the questionnaires, and finally puts forward some practical solutions, trying to offer some suggestions for effective English teach-ing in the college.

  5. The Comparison of Self-Efficacy Belief Levels on Anatomy Education between the Undergraduate Students from Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department and the Associate Students from Vocational School of Health Services in Western Black Sea Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Derya; Colak, Tuncay; Colak, Serap; Gungor, Tugba; Yener, Deniz M.; Aksu, Elif; Guzelordu, Dilsat; Sivri, Ismail; Colak, Enis; Ors, Abdullah

    2017-01-01

    Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation (PTR) undergraduate degree departments and Vocational School of Health Services (VSHS) associate degree departments train healthcare professionals, which is important for both continuance of human health and treatment of various illnesses. Anatomic structures underlie the illnesses that these departments treat…

  6. Collaborative learning in multicultural classrooms: a case study of Dutch senior secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tielman, Kennedy; Brok, Perry den; Bolhuis, Sanneke; Vallejo, Bertha

    2011-01-01

    Abstract This research presents a descriptive study regarding collaborative learning in a multicultural classroom at a vocational education school in The Netherlands. The study bridges two domains of research: research on culturally diverse learning environments - which has mostly concerned primary

  7. Department

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-09-20

    Sep 20, 2016 ... Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Kibabii University. 2. Department .... be seen that average rainfall exhibited a cyclic pattern with a reducing trend under both scenarios .... Department of Meteorology, University.

  8. The Study of Blended Learning on a Vocational High School in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Ting Chou

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available With the contributions of computer technology, digital learning has evolved into a stage of mobile learning. However, school classes require teachers to perform face-to-face humanized lectures. Digital learning remains to function as a tool for assisted teaching. Few studies have investigated what proportions digital learning should occupy in teaching activities. In this study, to investigate the optimal proportion of face-to-face instructions and digital learning, we conducted a one-semester teaching experiment on two classes of students in the informatics department in a public vocational high school in Taipei City. In addition, the Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance was adopted for the statistical analysis to determine the optimal blending proportions. Our results indicate that optimal effects are achieved at a time ratio of 2:1 of traditional face-to-face teaching to digital learning.

  9. [An examination of the relationships among career decision-making self-efficacy, vocational motives, and vocational indecision: a study of women's junior college students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, T

    2001-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine a causal model leading to the tendency of women's junior college students to delay vocational decisions. The model assumes that Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (CDMSE) determines vocational motives, which in turn affect the tendency. A questionnaire was administered to 431, 199 first-year and 232 second-year, women's junior college students. CDMSE was measured with self-efficacy for self-appraisal and occupational information-gathering, and vocational motives were self-improvement, interpersonal, and status motives. Results showed that self-efficacy for self-appraisal influenced self-improvement motive for both first-year and second-year students. Self-improvement motive and the self-efficacy then influenced vocational indecision among second-year students. Self-efficacy for information-gathering influenced vocational indecision among first-year students. These findings suggest that college vocational guidance should take self-efficacy and vocational motives into account.

  10. REPORT ON NEW YORK STATE DATA FROM A NATIONAL FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL T AND I VOCATIONAL GRADUATES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ENINGER, MAX U.

    A NATIONAL FOLLOWUP STUDY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL VOCATIONAL GRADUATES FROM 100 SELECTED SCHOOLS WAS MADE TO (1) DESCRIBE THE POST-HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF A GROUP OF TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL VOCATIONAL COURSE GRADUATES FROM THE CLASSES OF 1953, 1958, AND 1962, (2) COMPARE VOCATIONAL COURSE GRADUATES FROM COMPREHENSIVE HIGH…

  11. Vocational identity and psychological adjustment: a study in French adolescents and emerging adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lannegrand-Willems, Lyda; Perchec, Cyrille; Marchal, Clotilde

    2016-02-01

    The aim of the present research was to study vocational identity in French adolescent and emerging adult students by using a French adaptation of the Vocational Identity Status Assessment (VISA), and to analyze the links between vocational identity formation and negative and positive psychological adjustment. Participants were 1077 French students who completed self-report scales about vocational identity, depression and satisfaction with life. The French version of the VISA showed good psychometric properties and six identity statuses were derived by means of cluster analysis: achievement, foreclosure, moratorium, searching moratorium, diffused diffusion and carefree diffusion. The main findings show that diffused diffusion and moratorium represent the dark sides of identity because of their negative psychological adjustment, and that the two processes of reconsideration of commitment were differently associated with psychological adjustment. These findings demonstrate that clinical interventions should be adapted to the individual's identity profile.

  12. INTEGRATING VOCATIONAL STREAM IN SECONDARY SCHOOL: A QUALITATIVE CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Hisyam Mohd. Hashim

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Vocational stream is a new set-up in the education system of developing countries especially for countries with low population and limited area of land. Nevertheless, this countries are working on providing vocational education to their citizen particularly for their youngsters in secondary school. There are few important elements or items that can be used as guidence in a certain implementation that might be the basics of the implementation. The qualitative methodology (Inteviews, Documents analysis and observation are used. Research findings show that there are some items that can be adopted as the Guidelines On International Best Practices In Integrating Vocational Education In Secondary School especially for the vocational streamed school. It is also found that, it is still too soon for the implementation of vocational stream in the existing secondary schools if the basic requirements for it are not being formed or improved. It is suggested that, the implementation of International Best Practices in Integrating TVET in the Secondary School which was also being suggested previously for other developing countries by model pathway of voational stream student.

  13. The Development of Technical and Vocational Education in Indonesia--A Case Study in Quality Improvement. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakri, Mohamad

    After its independence in 1969, Indonesia studied and analyzed its previous colonial system of technical and vocational education (TVE) and took steps to overcome the shortcomings. TVE was required to provide expansion of work opportunities and industrial development to promote national development. Until 1989, attention was given to further…

  14. A Sample Vocational Group Guidance Study Based on Ginzberg ve His Associates' Developmental Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay Ayas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted on 12 (6 male 6 female 8th grade students of a primary school in Ankara. The age of the students varied between 14 and 16. Students participated in the study valuntarily after the school counsellor had informed them about it. Sessions were completed in six weeks. Vocational maturity inventory which was developed by Kuzgun and Bacanlı (2005 was administered to group member before and after the program in order to assess the effectiveness of the program. It was found that 6 of the group members did not reach due level of vocational maturity in the pretest, in other words their vocational maturity was low (below 143 points. Three (those between 143-155 points reached the expected vocational maturity level, yet they needed to increase it in order to make a more appropriate vocational decision. The other three  group members (those above 155 points were the ones who had reached the expected vocational maturity.Posttest results showed that two of the group members had not reached the targeted vocational maturity.  One of these students stated that since he would work at the building sector in which his father was working the sessions had not picked up much of his interest and it was observed that he had not attended to two of the group activies. This may be considered as the reason why he did not benefitted from group works.Lack of improvement in other group member's maturity level may be the result of the fact that he will not continue his education after primary school and his reluctance to attend to activities in group sessions. After the implementation of the program, a significant difference was observed between pretest and posttest scores. Mean vocational maturity inventory scores before the program was 145.83 while it increased to 153.25. This finding shows that the study had an important influence on the improvement of vocational maturity by raising group members' vocational maturity inventory scores.

  15. A sample vocational group guidance study based on Ginzberg and his associates' developmental theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay Ayas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted on 12 (6 male 6 female 8th grade students of a primary school in Ankara. The age of the students varied between 14 and 16. Students participated in the study valuntarily after the school counsellor had informed them about it. Sessions were completed in six weeks. Vocational maturity inventory which was developed by Kuzgun and Bacanlı (2005 was administered to group member before and after the program in order to assess the effectiveness of the program. It was found that 6 of the group members did not reach due level of vocational maturity in the pretest, in other words their vocational maturity was low (below 143 points. Three (those between 143-155 points reached the expected vocational maturity level, yet they needed to increase it in order to make a more appropriate vocational decision. The other three groups members (those above 155 points were the ones who had reached the expected vocational maturity.Posttest results showed that two of the group members had not reached the targeted vocational maturity. One of these students stated that since he would work at the building sector in which his father was working the sessions had not picked up much of his interest and it was observed that he had not attended to two of the group activities. This may be considered as the reason why he did not benefitted from group works.Lack of improvement in other group member's maturity level may be the result of the fact that he will not continue his education after primary school and his reluctance to attend to activities in group sessions. After the implementation of the program, a significant difference was observed between pretest and posttest scores. Mean vocational maturity inventory scores before the program was 145.83 while it increased to 153.25. This finding shows that the study had an important influence on the improvement of vocational maturity by raising group members' vocational maturity inventory scores.

  16. Enhance Academic Study in Vocational Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ling

    2010-01-01

    The increase in international trade and the information technology boom led us to begin to face the previously unthinkable of academic shortage towards vocational education. The main objective of this paper is to present the problem and find ways to solve it. The main finding included lack of investment from society and high degree involvement of…

  17. Vocational rehabilitation case manager factors associated with vocational rehabilitation service program outcomes for people with disabilities in Taiwan - an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yun-Tung; Lin, Yi-Jiun

    2017-02-01

    Purpose The aim of this study is to explore whether/which vocational rehabilitation case manager (VRCMer) factors were significantly associated with the vocational rehabilitation service (VRS) program outcomes in Taiwan. Method This study used the 2011 VRS Program for People with Disabilities Database in a metropolitan city in Taiwan (N = 466) to do a secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression. Results This study found that the employment rate and stable employment rate created by the 2011 VRS program in a metropolitan city in Taiwan were 48.7% and 42.1%, respectively. For the predictors of employment/stable employment, "occurrences of the services provided by the VRCMer" variable was definitely dominant. In addition, "level of the disability" was the second-ranking predictor, and was significantly negatively correlated with both employment and stable employment outcomes. Conclusions Vocational rehabilitation case manager factors in this study were significantly correlated with VRS program outcomes for people with disabilities in Taiwan after controlling for the clients' socio-demographic variables. The results indicate that greater input by VRCMers for people with disabilities equates to better employment outcomes in metropolitan Taiwan. Implications for Rehabilitation This is the first study to build an inferential statistical model in attempt to explain and predict the association between vocational rehabilitation case manager factors and vocational rehabilitation service program outcomes for people with disabilities in Taiwan. In cases of severe disability, a vocational rehabilitation case manager should seek out more in-kind and in-cash resources, and choose a suitable job coach to cooperate in assisting the client to become employed. Based on the findings, government has to continue implementing opportunities for people with disabilities to attain higher and better quality educational levels, for increasing their employment rate

  18. Depart

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2017-01-26

    Jan 26, 2017 ... Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, ... informal automobile workshops in virtually every open space in Nigerian cities that ..... plantation to encourage a green society and.

  19. A comparative study of classroom and online distance modes of official vocational education and training.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Vicente López Soblechero

    Full Text Available The study discussed in this paper had two principal objectives. The first was to evaluate the distance model of official vocational education and training offered by means of a virtual learning platform. The second was to establish that both on-site classroom and online distance modes of vocational education and training can be seen as complementary in terms of responding to the majority of modern educational needs. We performed a comparative study using data and results gathered over the course of eleven academic years for 1,133 of our students enrolled in an official vocational education and training program, leading to the awarding of a certificate as an Administrative Management Expert. The classes were offered by the Alfonso de Avellaneda Vocational Education and Training School, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, Spain. We offered classes both in traditional classroom mode and through online distance learning. This paper begins with a descriptive analysis of the variables we studied; inferential statistical techniques are subsequently applied in order to study the relationships that help form the basis for the conclusions reached. This study's results provide evidence that a broad offering of vocational education and training opportunities will facilitate access to such learning for students who require it, regardless of their age, employment status, or personal circumstances, with the online distance mode playing a fundamental role while also yielding results equivalent to those observed for classroom instruction.

  20. A comparative study of classroom and online distance modes of official vocational education and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López Soblechero, Miguel Vicente; González Gaya, Cristina; Hernández Ramírez, Juan José

    2014-01-01

    The study discussed in this paper had two principal objectives. The first was to evaluate the distance model of official vocational education and training offered by means of a virtual learning platform. The second was to establish that both on-site classroom and online distance modes of vocational education and training can be seen as complementary in terms of responding to the majority of modern educational needs. We performed a comparative study using data and results gathered over the course of eleven academic years for 1,133 of our students enrolled in an official vocational education and training program, leading to the awarding of a certificate as an Administrative Management Expert. The classes were offered by the Alfonso de Avellaneda Vocational Education and Training School, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, Spain. We offered classes both in traditional classroom mode and through online distance learning. This paper begins with a descriptive analysis of the variables we studied; inferential statistical techniques are subsequently applied in order to study the relationships that help form the basis for the conclusions reached. This study's results provide evidence that a broad offering of vocational education and training opportunities will facilitate access to such learning for students who require it, regardless of their age, employment status, or personal circumstances, with the online distance mode playing a fundamental role while also yielding results equivalent to those observed for classroom instruction.

  1. Challenges and Reforms in Vocational Education: Aspects of Inclusion and Exclusion. Studies in Vocational and Continuing Education, Volume 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolz, Stefanie, Ed.; Gonon, Philipp, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    In this collected edition, globalization and its consequences on vocational education systems are described and, at the same time, combined with the question of whether new phenomena of inclusion but also of exclusion are produced. Inclusion and exclusion are differentiations that predominate in all kinds of (vocational education) systems,…

  2. Training of Teachers/Trainers in Technical and Vocational Education. UNEVOC Studies in Technical and Vocational Education, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Section for Technical and Vocational Education.

    This document contains nine papers about and from an international roundtable on the training of teachers in technical and vocational education. The first paper, a Final Report of the "International Round Table on Training of Teachers in Technical and Vocational Education (Curitiba, Brazil, 7-10 April 1997)," examines the following:…

  3. Department

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2017-05-25

    May 25, 2017 ... Department of Animal production Federal University of Technology Minna – Niger state,. Nigeria ... principles by poultry farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. The ma .... usually incur by broiler and layer farmers ... A multi-stage sampling technique .... their birds under intensive care, which is ... husbandry system.

  4. Vocation, motivation and approaches to learning: a comparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Arquero, Jose Luis; Fernandez-Polvillo, Carmen; Hassall, Trevor; Joyce, John

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The individual characteristics of students can have a strong influence on the success of the adopted innovations in terms of their transferability and sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to compare the motivations and approaches to learning on degrees with differing vocational components. Design/methodology/approach – Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and approaches to learning framework were used as theoretical background. Questionnaires were used to generate dat...

  5. Get a Vocation: Keeping on Top of Studies--Reducing the Drop-Out Rate in Vocational Upper Secondary Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jappinen, Aini-Kristiina

    2009-01-01

    The Finnish Ministry of education commissioned a study in 2006-07 on reducing the number of drop-outs, "Get a vocation--keeping on top of studies". The aim of the study was to establish the good practices and operating models underpinning reduction in drop-outs. The study indicates that an educational institution that fosters commitment…

  6. Studying Girls’ Opportunities to the Variation of the Field in Qom Vocational Training

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This study has been done to review of the girls’ opportunity to the variation of the field in Qom vocational training branch. The sample consisted of 318 female students of vocational training in the 2010-2011 school years which selected in random, cluster, class and a structured questionnaire was completed by them with 0.78 as reliability coefficient. The study shows that only 33.4 percent of girls in the industry have the opportunity to select their profession. There is a 95 percent of conf...

  7. Get a vocation: keeping on top of studies Reducing the drop-out rate in vocational upper secondary education and training

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    European business life is in constant need of a skilled labour force; however, in some sectors there is starting to be a shortage of people with good skills. One of the problems is the drop-out rate in vocational upper secondary education and training. The Finnish Ministry of Education commissioned a study in 2006–2007 on reducing the number of drop-outs, GET A VOCATION – KEEPING ON TOP OF STUDIES. 14 education providers whose educational institutions had a low drop-out percent...

  8. 高职院校酒店管理专业艺术素质教育的研究与实践--以湖南艺术职业学院社文系酒店管理专业声乐课为例%Study and Practice of Vocational Colleges Hotel Management Professional Artistic Quality Education--Take Hu'nan Vocational College of Art, Social and Cultural Department Hotel Management Professional Voice Lessons as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敖淳

    2016-01-01

    In the international background of tourism industry has become the world's most dynamic and potential of the lar-gest industry, accounting for 9%of global GDP, 10%of the global employment rate, China has defined the"construction of a world tourism power"strategic objectives, and up to the national strategic level. So, how to cultivate outstanding hotel man-agement professional all kinds of personnel has become a popular and serious issue. This article will focus on hotel manage-ment training program in Vocational Colleges in artistic quality and the importance of arts education in the vocal music teaching area has made a number of issues raised and resolved.%在旅游业已然成为当今世界最具发展活力和潜力的第一大产业,占到全球GDP的9%、全球就业率的10%的国际大背景下,我国已经明确了“建设世界旅游强国”的战略目标,并将其上升到国家战略层面。那么,如何培养出优秀的酒店管理专业的各类人才成为了一个热门且严峻的课题。本文将针对高职院校酒店管理人才培养方案中艺术素质的重要性及艺术教育版块中的声乐教学做出了一些问题的提出和解决。

  9. Collaborative Learning in Multicultural Classrooms: A Case Study of Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tielman, Kennedy; den Brok, Perry; Bolhuis, Sanneke; Vallejo, Bertha

    2012-01-01

    This research presents a descriptive study regarding collaborative learning in a multicultural classroom at a vocational education school in The Netherlands. The study bridges two domains of research: research on culturally diverse learning environments--which has mostly concerned primary and general secondary education--and studies on…

  10. The Impact of Study Abroad Experiences on Vocational Identity among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronholz, Julia F.; Osborn, Debra S.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine preliminary findings regarding the effect of a study abroad experience on vocational identity and career decision-making as defined by Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) theory (Sampson et al., 2004). The results revealed that a study abroad experience significantly impacts college students'…

  11. Collaborative Learning in Multicultural Classrooms: A Case Study of Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tielman, Kennedy; den Brok, Perry; Bolhuis, Sanneke; Vallejo, Bertha

    2012-01-01

    This research presents a descriptive study regarding collaborative learning in a multicultural classroom at a vocational education school in The Netherlands. The study bridges two domains of research: research on culturally diverse learning environments--which has mostly concerned primary and general secondary education--and studies on…

  12. A SUMMARY OF STUDIES IN ACHIEVEMENT OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE GRADUATES IN COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MCCLELLAND, JOHN B.

    TWENTY-SEVEN STUDIES ARE INCLUDED IN THIS SYNTHESIS OF RESEARCH ON THE APPROPRIATENESS OF HIGH SCHOOL VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS GOING ON TO AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES. MOST OF THE STUDIES INVOLVED STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE TREATMENT. THE STUDIES ARE ORGANIZED INTO SECTIONS--(1) COMPREHENSIVE, (2) ACHIEVEMENT IN LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES, (3)…

  13. The Impact of Study Abroad Experiences on Vocational Identity among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kronholz, Julia F.; Osborn, Debra S.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine preliminary findings regarding the effect of a study abroad experience on vocational identity and career decision-making as defined by Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) theory (Sampson et al., 2004). The results revealed that a study abroad experience significantly impacts college students'…

  14. Study on Learning Motivation of Higher Vocational Colleges Students in Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Dong-ze

    2015-01-01

    Learning motivation occupies an important position in non-intelligence factors,as it plays a pivotal role in university students’ successful completion of their studies and strengthening of professional knowledge base.However,the present university students generally lack motivation in higher education.This research used questionnaire method,which is a questionnaire random sample in 500 students of learning motivation from four comprehensive higher vocational colleges of Tianjin,and explores the sta⁃tus quo of learning motivation in higher vocational students of Tianjin.The result shows:The learning motivation level of higher vocational colleges students is above middle level;Male on the learning motivation total level is significantly higher than female;Rural students in the learning motivation on the aggregate level is significantly higher than that of urban students;Look from the different grades,sophomore students have lowest level of learning motivation;Freshmen learning motivation is at highest level.

  15. A Phenomenological Study Exploring the Educational, Vocational and Social Experiences of College Educated Individuals Who Are Visually Impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Mary-Anne M.

    2010-01-01

    Students who are visually impaired have significantly lower educational and vocational success rates than their nondisabled peers (Hasazi, Johnson, Hasazi, Gordon, & Hull, 1989; Nagle, 2001). A qualitative phenomenological study was conducted to explore the educational, vocational and social experiences of college educated individuals who were…

  16. Developmental trajectories and reciprocal associations between career adaptability and vocational identity : A three-wave longitudinal study with adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Negru-Subtirica, Oana; Pop, Eleonora Ioana; Crocetti, Elisabetta

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this longitudinal study was two-fold. First, we investigated patterns of stability and change in career adaptability and vocational identity in adolescents. Second, we examined reciprocal associations between career adaptability and vocational identity. In addressing both research aim

  17. On Conquering Psychological Obstacles of Oral English Study in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭辉

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to find better ways to conquer psychological obstacles in oral English learning for vocational college English learners.The approaches are based on the important fact that psychological obstacles have impeded the language learning seriously.This paper describes the status quo of oral English study in vocational colleges,presents the problems existing among college learners,and analyzes them to find subjective and objective reasons.Finally,the analysis of the survey results will help to conquer psychological obstacles of spoken English learning.

  18. Exploring Technical Vocational Education and Training Systems in Emerging Markets. A Case Study on Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur-Mensah, Nana; Alagaraja, Meera

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore trends and changes in technical vocational education and training (TVET) in emerging economies as a national human resource development (NHRD) approach and its practical applications using Ghana as an example. Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach was used to develop an in-depth…

  19. Teaching Natural Resource Management-Teaching Techniques and Difficulties in Greek Vocational Lyceum: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koutsoukos, Marios; Mouratidis, Antonios

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to investigate the teaching techniques applied, as well as the difficulties, with which educators in teaching Natural Resource Management are confronted. For research purposes, a case study was conducted on teaching Natural Resource Management in the Third Grade of Vocational Lyceum (EPAL) in Northern Greece. It was…

  20. Teachers' Perceptions about the School Principals' Ethical Leadership Behaviours: A Study from Turkish Vocational High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katranci, Ihsan; Sungu, Hilmi; Saglam, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    The importance of ethical dimension of leadership is a fact accepted by everyone. In spite of this, very few empirical studies have been carried out on this issue in the field of educational administration considering the significance of ethical values in leadership. This study was carried out to investigate vocational high school teachers'…

  1. Exploring Technical Vocational Education and Training Systems in Emerging Markets. A Case Study on Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur-Mensah, Nana; Alagaraja, Meera

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore trends and changes in technical vocational education and training (TVET) in emerging economies as a national human resource development (NHRD) approach and its practical applications using Ghana as an example. Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach was used to develop an in-depth…

  2. The Role of Cultural Context in Continuing Vocational Training: A Study on Auto Repairmen in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbas, Oktay

    2011-01-01

    This study analysed how auto repairmen working in micro-enterprises undertake continuing vocational training in relation to cultural context. The study was conducted in Kirikkale, a city in central Anatolia in Turkey. To this end, the descriptive research technique of structured interview was used. Interviews with 33 auto repairmen were recorded…

  3. Abnormalities of Behaviour and Experience in Vocational Education – A Study using the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Stein

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent epidemiological studies show that mental disorders in children, adolescents and young adults are vastly spread and cover a wide range. But concerning the sector of vocational education, there are still only a few findings to this matter. Based on an initial survey (Stein & Ebert, 2010, this article presents findings of a new study gathering data on behavioural abnormalities of young people being in vocational preparation and vocational training. The data was received by questioning teachers and trainers as well as learners themselves. The „Teacher’s Report Form“ (TRF und the „Youth Self Report“ (YSR were applied to a rather large sample in a special needs vocational school and a cooperating vocational centre. The study reveals findings concerning rates of disorders, dominant problem areas, gender-specific differentiation, correlation of diagnosed special needs with the syndrome-scales, occurrence of specific abnormalities in different fields of vocational learning from different perspectives, and cross-informant agreement. These findings are being discussed on the basis of the current situation in vocational education and vocational rehabilitation.

  4. Calling, Vocational Development, and Well Being: A Longitudinal Study of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Manuel, R. Stephen; Borges, Nicole J.; Bott, Elizabeth M.

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated the relation of calling to the vocational development and well-being of a sample of medical students. Students were surveyed at two time points: prior to beginning the first year of medical school and prior to beginning the third year of medical school. At each time point, calling moderately correlated with positive…

  5. Testing the Twofold Multidimensionality of Academic Self-Concept: A Study with Chinese Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lan; Arens, A. Katrin; Watkins, David A.

    2016-01-01

    In order to extend previous research on the twofold multidimensionality of academic self-concept (i.e. its domain-specific structure and separation into competence and affect components), the present study tests its generalisability among vocational students from mainland China. A Chinese version of self-description questionnaire I was…

  6. SUPPLY AND DEMAND FACTORS AFFECTING VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PLANNING, A METHODOLOGICAL STUDY IN SANTA CLARA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    PODESTA, EDWARD A.

    A PILOT STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DEVELOP A DESCRIPTIVE INVENTORY OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION INSTRUCTORS AND TO EVALUATE PRELIMINARY DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURES FOR A REGIONAL OR NATIONAL AUDIT. A QUESTIONNAIRE, DISTRIBUTED TO ALL PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL AND JUNIOR COLLEGE INSTRUCTORS IN 3,050 INSTITUTIONS, PRODUCED A 55.3 PERCENT RESPONSE RATE. SURVEY…

  7. Calling, Vocational Development, and Well Being: A Longitudinal Study of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Manuel, R. Stephen; Borges, Nicole J.; Bott, Elizabeth M.

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated the relation of calling to the vocational development and well-being of a sample of medical students. Students were surveyed at two time points: prior to beginning the first year of medical school and prior to beginning the third year of medical school. At each time point, calling moderately correlated with positive…

  8. Participation in Formal Technical and Vocational Education and Training Programmes Worldwide: An Initial Statistical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2006

    2006-01-01

    There is a common perception that technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is diversifying and expanding in terms of its supply and demand. Practitioners and policymakers often believe that educational systems are offering a wider array of programmes at different levels and in various fields of study. They also assume that these…

  9. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  10. Review of IT Training of the Professional Accountants in Romania from Undergraduate and Graduate Studies and Continuous Vocational Training Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianina Mihai

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Accounting was the first organizational activity to be taken into consideration when IT technologies emerged, due to its very well regulated nature, which allowed an easy algorithm creation process. Next to the Accounting departments, the corresponding profession was strongly affected ever since IT technologies were first used in this field of activity, from the replacement of execution-level accountants in the beginning, up to the complete dependency of IT in the present, as now it is not possible anymore to perform the accounting profession without involving and using IT tools and applications. In this context, we consider IT skills to be essential for every professional accountant. In Romania, the learning process of these skills must be provided by universities, which are the main entities involved in the superior training of professional accountants and also by continuous vocational training programs, which are conceived and coordinated by professional organizations. In this article, we propose an analysis of the extent to which Romanian Universities provide IT training, both from a bachelor and graduate point of view, with the help of Curriculum for the only available specialization in the Accounting domain, Accounting and Management Information Systems (AMIS. We also propose to study the extent to which this training can be obtained and improved by the means of the continuous vocational training programs.

  11. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  12. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  13. Vocational Education in Life Science, Recreation and Agriculture; Course Options and Suggested Courses of Study for New Hampshire High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Hampshire Agricultural Teachers' Association.

    Developed by teacher educators in cooperation with state supervisors of agricultural education, this curriculum guide is for use by teachers, teacher educators, guidance departments, and school administrators. The 4-year curriculum was designed for vocational agriculture students in grades nine through 12 interested in occupations in production…

  14. Secondary Vocational Horticulture Programs--An Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Michael F.; Smith, Charles W.

    1983-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine characteristics of secondary horticulture teachers, the structure of horticulture departments, funding sources, nature and scope of facilities, types of supervised occupational experience programs in which horticulture students participated, and curriculum characteristics of vocational horticulture…

  15. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  16. Vocational Study and Public Service Motivation: Disentangling the Socializing Effects of Higher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Anne Mette

    2012-01-01

    Most studies of Public Service Motivation investigate differences in motivation between public and private sector employees, but how these differences emerge and evolve in a pre-entry setting is still puzzling. Based on cross-sectional survey data with 3,521 Danish students enrolled in different...... vocational studies and at different stages (years) of their educational programs, this article investigates the socializing effects of higher education into different levels of public service motivation. The analysis demonstrates that students’ levels of public service motivation at different stages...... of their educational programs depends on the field of study: The level of public service motivation among students in vocational studies aimed at jobs with core public service delivery stays the same during education, whereas the level of public service motivation among students in other fields increases substantively...

  17. National study of emergency department observation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiler, Jennifer L; Ross, Michael A; Ginde, Adit A

    2011-09-01

    The objective was to describe patient and facility characteristics of emergency department (ED) observation services in the United States. The authors analyzed the 2007 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). Characteristics of EDs with observation units (OUs) were compared to those without, and patients with a disposition of ED observation were compared to those with a "short-stay" (observational analysis. An estimated 1,746 U.S. EDs (36%) reported having OUs, of which 56% are administratively managed by ED staff. Fifty-two percent of hospitals with ED-managed OUs are in an urban location, and 89% report ED boarding, compared to 29 and 65% of those that do not have an OU. The admission rate is 38% at those with ED-managed OUs and 15% at those without OUs. Of the 15.1% of all ED patients who are kept in the hospital following an ED visit, one-quarter are kept for either a short-stay admission (1.8%) or an ED observation admission (2.1%). Most (82%) ED observation patients were discharged from the ED. ED observation patients were similar to short-stay admission patients in terms of age (median = 52 years for both, interquartile range = 36 to 70 years), self-pay (12% vs. 10%), ambulance arrival (37% vs. 36%), urgent/emergent triage acuity (77% vs. 74%), use of ≥1 ED medication (64% vs.76%), and the most common primary chief complaints and primary diagnoses. Over one-third of U.S. EDs have an OU. Short-stay admission patients have similar characteristics as ED observation patients and may represent an opportunity for the growth of OUs. © 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

  18. Studying Girls’ Opportunities to the Variation of the Field in Qom Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Jandaghi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been done to review of the girls’ opportunity to the variation of the field in Qom vocational training branch. The sample consisted of 318 female students of vocational training in the 2010-2011 school years which selected in random, cluster, class and a structured questionnaire was completed by them with 0.78 as reliability coefficient. The study shows that only 33.4 percent of girls in the industry have the opportunity to select their profession. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (38.6 and 28.2 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions on their opportunities. In agricultural field, only 43.4 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the agricultural sector (48.8 and 38.0 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. In service sector, only 51.7 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the service sector (46.5 and 57.2 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Overall, only 9.3% of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (6.1 and 12.5 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Also, the possibility to prepare vocational training students for employment in the labor market, the possibility of the role played by vocational training in providing employment for young people – the influence of the future course for students on course selection – students’ interests in course selection and the possibility of keeping on the education in students interested fields in university are all high

  19. Study on the Needs of Continuing Vocational Training for Social Workers in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preslava Dimitrova

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The occupation of the social worker in modern times is challenged by the dynamically changing economic and social environment, growing requirements to their qulifications and competences and the needs of gaining new skills and permanen development and improvement. The aim of the presented study of defining the needs for continuing vocational training of specialists providing social services is to provide recommendations regarding the need of training for skills contributing to the increase in the degree of correspondence between labor supply and demand on the labor market, contributing to the improvement of the quality of the labor force in the country as a competitive factor with an increasing importance for successful economic development. The investigation and the specific examples discussed can be a solid basis for future studies and development of models for improvement the system of continuing and vocational training for acquiring the needed knowledge, skills and competences for effective work.

  20. TABADO: "Evaluation of a smoking cessation program among Adolescents in Vocational Training Centers": Study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinet Yves

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most of the efforts to reduce teenagers' tobacco addiction have focused on smoking prevention and little on smoking cessation. A smoking cessation program (TABADO study, associating pharmacologic and cognitive-behavioural strategy, on a particularly vulnerable population (vocational trainees, was developed. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of the program which was offered to all smokers in a population aged 15 to 20 years in Vocational Training Centers (VTC. This paper presents the TABADO study protocol. Methods The study is quasi-experimental, prospective, evaluative and comparative and takes place during the 2 years of vocational training. The final population will be composed of 2000 trainees entering a VTC in Lorraine, France, during the 2008-2009 period. The intervention group (1000 trainees benefited from the TABADO program while no specific intervention took place in the "control" group (1000 trainees other than the treatment and education services usually available. Our primary outcome will be the tobacco abstinence rate at 12 months. Discussion If the program proves effective, it will be a new tool in the action against smoking in populations that have been seldom targeted until now. In addition, the approach could be expanded to other young subjects from socially disadvantaged backgrounds in the context of a public health policy against smoking among adolescents. Trial registration Clinical trial identification number is NTC00973570.

  1. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  2. Organizing vocational rehabilitation through interorganizational integration--a case study in Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wihlman, Ulla; Lundborg, Cecilia Stålsby; Holmström, Inger; Axelsson, Runo

    2011-01-01

    This study describes and analysis five years of experiences from organising an interorganisational project on vocational rehabilitation. A qualitative case study approach was used based on interviews, focus group discussions and documents. The aim was to analyse how and why the project was organised in the way it was in relation to theories of integration, organisational change and learning. The results show that the vocational rehabilitation project was initiated mainly for financial reasons. It was organised as a mechanistic system with the aim of producing different activities, where financial control and support from all the levels of the organisations involved was important. A new bureaucracy between the different authorities involved was built up, where the vertical (top-down) integration was more important than the horizontal. The result was scattered islands of interprofessional work in different teams, but without contacts between them. The project did not influence the processes or workflows of the organisations involved in the project, which would be important from a service-user perspective. It may therefore be questionnable to organise the development of interorganisational integration for vocational rehabilitation in a separate project organisation. Instead, interorganisational networks with focus on interconnections of processes and workflows may be more flexible and adaptable. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. A STUDY ON THE NECESSITY OF VOCATIONAL CAREER COUNSELING IN EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Gabriela SECARĂ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A person’s fulfillment may be achieved only when the three levels: personal, family and professional interweave. In the dynamic society in which we live, the trend is to emphasize only one of these levels, in the prejudice of the others. Therefore, the term “workaholic” is very often used. This, namely having a job to consume almost all our time, is often associated with the idea of career.The concept of vocational career has recently appeared in Romania, along with the transition to a society founded on performance. A strong emphasis is laid on vocational career in multinational companies as the managers cover all the necessary stages when hiring an individual, their choice being founded on the convenient profile of the employee, suitable for the company needs. Thus, vocational motivation appears as a gain for both parts. The respect towards the employee is shown through the company concern for his career development. It is what is called in the specialty literature the paternalist model of welfare, promoted by David Guest. The reciprocity within a company will bring forth the desire of assertion, of improvement and implicitly of performance. In general, the choice of a career in a field or another is a subjective motivation, dictated by certain factors at a given time. The study carried out in this article is based on the administration of questionnaires in the attempt to discover which are the motivations of pupils and students in choosing a university, a profession, if such choice is based on judicious information or influence of subjective factors. Also, the role that skills and qualities of each plays in choosing the career path is not negligible, aiming to whether individuals are aware of their professional profile. The importance of vocational counselor in educational institutions, schools, universities is of great significance because it is a professional who can guide pupils and students objectively in choosing a future

  4. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  5. Study Weariness of Vocational College Students and Reform of the Teaching Mode in Nursing Basic Technology Course☆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei-Cheng Cai; Hai-Fang Xi

    2015-01-01

    Objective: As part of an investigation and analysis of the study weariness of nursing vocational college students, the authors attempted to reform the teaching mode of a Nursing Basic Technolo-gy course to solve the problem of study weariness in vocational college students. Methods: The authors designed student questionnaires to investigate study weariness in 128 nurs-ing vocational college students. Results: Of the 128 students, 58 were tired of study, accounting for 45. 3%; 40 students often had weariness, accounting for 31. 3%; and 71 students had moderate or severe weariness, accounting for 55. 5%. Seventy-five students played on their mobile phone when they were tired of studying. Conclusions: The study weariness of vocational college students is a common phenomenon that has been developing rapidly. There are many factors that cause study weariness of professional college students. The students believe that the traditional teaching method is the main reason for study weariness. Reform of the teaching mode in a Nursing Basic Technology course effectively solved the learning problems of vocational college students. Teaching experiments for reform may have marked effects, and they are worthy of promoting.

  6. Study Weariness of Vocational College Students and Reform of the Teaching Mode in Nursing Basic Technology Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei-Cheng Cai; Hai-Fang Xi

    2015-01-01

    Objective:As part of an investigation and analysis of the study weariness of nursing vocational college students,the authors attempted to reform the teaching mode of a Nursing Basic Technology course to solve the problem of study weariness in vocational college students.Methods:The authors designed student questionnaires to investigate study weariness in 128 nursing vocational college students.Results:Of the 128 students,58 were tired of study,accounting for 45.3%;40 students often had weariness,accounting for 31.3%;and 71 students had moderate or severe weariness,accounting for 55.5%.Seventy-five students played on their mobile phone when they were tired of studying.Conclusions:The study weariness of vocational college students is a common phenomenon that has been developing rapidly.There are many factors that cause study weariness of professional college students.The students believe that the traditional teaching method is the main reason for study weariness.Reform of the teaching mode in a Nursing Basic Technology course effectively solved the learning problems of vocational college students.Teaching experiments for reform may have marked effects,and they are worthy of promoting.

  7. An Empirical Study on English Listening Strategy Training in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宜凝

    2013-01-01

      The present research aims to find out (1) What is the present situation of listening strategy use in vocational colleges? (2) How does the listening strategy training affect listening achievements on control class and experimental class? 169 students from Clinical Medicine Department in Grade 2011 from Liuzhou Medical College located in Guangxi participate in the research. The results show:(1)The listening strategies use frequency of surveyed students is low and the use of nota-taking strategy is better than that of selective attention strategy. Moreover, the awareness of strategy use is somewhat weak.(2)Listening strategy training can greatly improve the listening achievements of the low-proficiency students, while the effect to the intermediate group ranks in the second place, followed by the high-proficiency group.

  8. Job matching: An interdisciplinary scoping study with implications for vocational rehabilitation counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nützi, Marina; Trezzini, Bruno; Medici, Lorenzo; Schwegler, Urban

    2017-02-01

    Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine. The literature search covered studies in English and German published between 1945 and 2015. A total of 312 studies were selected and analyzed. Of these, 205 were assigned to IOP, 45 to VP, 31 to both IOP and VP, and 17 to RTW research. Fourteen studies were allocated to both RTW and VP research, representing the field of vocational rehabilitation counseling. IOP and VP studies predominantly investigated the effects of JM on work-related outcomes, such as job satisfaction, tenure, or career development. RTW research focused on the development of mainly generic JM tools for job placement of persons with disabilities. Limited cross-fertilization between IOP and VP and the RTW context became evident. Unlike in IOP and VP, there is a dearth of JM research in the RTW context. Integrating the broad organizational and occupational JM knowledge from IOP and VP with the biopsychosocial framework of RTW could provide a sound basis for developing JM applications in vocational rehabilitation counseling that promote sustainable work reintegration of persons with disabilities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. An Empirical Study on the Design of Metaphor Teaching Mode in Chinese Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳红

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to enlarge students’ BE vocabulary with metaphor teaching mode in the higher vocational colleges and seek for a new way for BE vocabulary teaching on the basis of traditional teaching methods.The author will teach the students the basic knowledge and theories of metaphor systematically and train them to use the metaphorical method to memorize BE vocabularies.If the re-search is effective,we can popularize the method.Meanwhile,the conclusion of the thesis has some reference for other English for Specific Purposes(ESP).

  10. Card Sort Technique in Vocational Guidance/Career Counseling: Pilot Study about Career Values

    OpenAIRE

    ACAR, Tülin; Yalçın DEMİR; Fidan KORKUT; Özlem HASKAN; KABALCI, Tuğba; Kutsal, Dilşad; İlker Mustafa PEKİN; Turhan, Esra

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and to pilot a not-test technique for assessing career and work values. This instrument was developed during a Career Counseling course taught by one of the authors of this paper. The first stage of development was the generation of a master list of career and work values, as reflected in the current literature related to theories and vocational research. From this master list 38 career values were selected resulting in the final deck that was used i...

  11. Demonstrating Innovations in Vocational Education: Initial Application Submitted to the Office of Education, Department of Health, Education and Welfare: Plan and Operation Grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EHOVE Board of Education, Milan, OH.

    The purpose of this proposed project is to demonstrate innovations in a joint vocational school which would serve public and non-public schools in Erie, Huron, and the eastern portion of Ottawa counties. The objectives of the proposed activities were to (1) emphasize a correlated curriculum developed around the "world of work" between…

  12. Vocational reintegration after a lower limb amputation : a qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruins, M.; Geertzen, J.H.; Groothoff, J.W.; Schoppen, T.

    2003-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to describe the process of job reintegration, to obtain more detailed information about workplace adjustments, and to assess the positive and negative experiences of amputees (in the Netherlands) who returned to paid work after their lower limb amputation. The study

  13. Vocational reintegration after a lower limb amputation: A qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruins, Ria; Bruins, M.; Geertzen, J.H.B.; Groothoff, J.W.; Schoppen, T.

    2003-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to describe the process of job reintegration, to obtain more detailed information about workplace adjustments, and to assess the positive and negative experiences of amputees (in the Netherlands) who returned to paid work after their lower limb amputation. The study

  14. Vocational reintegration after a lower limb amputation : a qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruins, M.; Geertzen, J.H.; Groothoff, J.W.; Schoppen, T.

    The objectives of this study were to describe the process of job reintegration, to obtain more detailed information about workplace adjustments, and to assess the positive and negative experiences of amputees (in the Netherlands) who returned to paid work after their lower limb amputation. The study

  15. A Study of the Self-Perceived Teaching Effectiveness of Female and Male Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness Teachers in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Susan Fayette

    The self-perceived teaching effectiveness of female and male vocational agriculture/agribusiness teachers in the United States was studied. The population for the study consisted of all female teachers of vocational agriculture/agribusiness in the United States (325) and an equal number of randomly selected male teachers of vocational…

  16. Students' vocational choices and voluntary action: A 12-nation study

    OpenAIRE

    Haski-Leventhal, Debbie; Cnaan, Ram; Handy, Femida; Brudney, Jeffrey; Holmes, Kirsten; Hustinx, Lesley; Kang, ChulHee; Kassam, Meenaz; Meijs, Lucas; Ranade, Bhagyashree; Yamauchi, Naoto; Yeung, Anne Birgitta; Zrinscak, Sinisa

    2008-01-01

    textabstractPrevious research on student involvement suggested that business and engineering students manifest lowest rates of voluntary action. Similarly, it was thought that social science students are the most involved in voluntary action, with students of natural sciences and humanities in the middle. However, there were very few studies that empirically compared these assertions. Furthermore, these assertions were not investigated from cross-cultural perspectives. Based on a study of stu...

  17. A Tentative Study on Teaching Arts in Vocational English Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Juan

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, it is a vigorously-developing project to improve teaching arts in English class. As a result, this article focuses on how to improve English teaching efficiency, how to improve English teaching quality, how to encourage students to participate in studying activities actively as well as how to deal with teaching links at class.

  18. Who Should Study Music Education? A Vocational Personality Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevik, Beste; Perkmen, Serkan; Alkan, Mahir; Shelley, Mack

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of the current study was to examine the utility and usefulness of Holland's Theory of Personalities in Work Environments to understand the match between personality and the desire for music education. The participants included 99 pre-service music teachers in Turkey. The findings revealed that the pre-service music teachers were,…

  19. Who Should Study Music Education? A Vocational Personality Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevik, Beste; Perkmen, Serkan; Alkan, Mahir; Shelley, Mack

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of the current study was to examine the utility and usefulness of Holland's Theory of Personalities in Work Environments to understand the match between personality and the desire for music education. The participants included 99 pre-service music teachers in Turkey. The findings revealed that the pre-service music teachers were,…

  20. Who Should Study Music Education? A Vocational Personality Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevik, Beste; Perkmen, Serkan; Alkan, Mahir; Shelley, Mack

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of the current study was to examine the utility and usefulness of Holland's Theory of Personalities in Work Environments to understand the match between personality and the desire for music education. The participants included 99 pre-service music teachers in Turkey. The findings revealed that the pre-service music teachers…

  1. A STUDY OF THE OCCUPATIONAL STATUS OF THE YOUNG ADULT DEAF OF THE SOUTHWEST AND THEIR NEED FOR SPECIALIZED VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION FACILITIES. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BLAKE, GARY D.; KRONENBERG, HENRY H.

    AN INTERVIEW-QUESTIONNAIRE STUDY WAS MADE TO INVESTIGATE THE OCCUPATIONAL STATUS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF YOUNG DEAF ADULTS, AND WHETHER FURTHER VOCATIONAL PREPARATION WOULD ENHANCE THEIR VOCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES. ON-THE-JOB DIFFICULTIES WERE REVIEWED. THE MAJORITY OF THOSE INTERVIEWED SAW A NEED FOR POST-SCHOOL TRAINING. SEVERAL TYPES OF PROGRAMS…

  2. [Rehabilitation counselors' vocational fields of activity: empirical findings of an exploratory study in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niehaus, M; Marfels, B; Bauer, J

    2013-10-01

    In the light of far-reaching demographic and sociopolitical changes, the demand for rehabilitation counseling experts increases. Internationally scientific research has long recognised the importance of professional support for successful vocational rehabilitation of people with illnesses and disabilities. In Germany, however, there has been a lack of systematic research in this field. The present exploratory study aims to fill this gap by investigating the status quo of rehabilitation counselors' vocational fields of activity in Germany. The study was conducted anonymously as an online-survey. An international questionnaire which covers a wide range of tasks that can play a role in the day-to-day work of rehabilitation counseling experts was used. Within the project it was translated into German and adapted to the German rehabilitation system. 217 rehabilitation counselors completed the survey. Socio-demographic information and information concerning the participant's working biography were evaluated descriptively. To analyze the questionnaire data, principal component analysis was undertaken. The majority of respondents indicated to be performing tasks from different fields of activity in their daily routine. The essential and main field of activity though appeared to be the individual work with the client. Managerial tasks on an organizational level turned out to be less important. Furthermore, it became clear that the terms the respondents used to name their qualification and their current job title varied in a confusing way. This implicates that it was not always possible to infer from the job title of a person to their actual vocational tasks. Moreover, the participants expressed that they see a need for action concerning their vocational training as well as their professional tasks. German rehabilitation counseling experts can be characterized as "generalists" who cover different fields of activity in their daily routine. Their main activity is the

  3. The Study of English Teaching Methods in Secondary Vocational School Based on the Role Letter's Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕政凤

    2013-01-01

    Secondary vocational school students is different from ordinary high school students and university students ,especially in the aspect of English teaching and learning .In view of the special career orientation of secondary vocational school education. English teaching methods in secondary vocational schools should have more practical and targeted. Used the Role Letter ’s Thera-py in English teaching can help students develop interest in learning English and learning initiative consciousness. In this paper I will talk about the important of the Role Letter's Therapy in English teaching of Secondary vocational school ,and how to use it.

  4. Leadership for Sustaining Pedagogical Innovations in ICT Implementation: A Case Study of a Taiwanese Vocational High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yih-Shyuan; Chen, Yu-Horng; Wu, Shun-Jyh; Tang, Fang-Kai

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a case study of a vocational high school in Taiwan. The main purpose of the present study is to investigate the key determinants of a school's success in initiating and sustaining pedagogical innovations in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) implementation, with a specific focus on the effect of leadership approaches in…

  5. Resource Index: Vocation. For Personal Study/Reflection and for Congregational Study/Resourcing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Voorhis, Richard, Comp.; Pedley, Donald M., Comp.

    This publication, aimed at persons in pastoral work in religious settings, reviews a large number of works on the topics of vocation, the meaning of work, unemployment, and underemployment. It provides suggestions for pastors and others to use in working with the unemployed and with persons at transitional periods. It is also suitable for persons…

  6. A Comparative Study of Foreign Language Anxiety and Motivation of Academic- and Vocational-Track High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hui-ju; Chen, Chien-wei

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate EFL learner language anxiety and learning motivation of high school students. Subjects included 155 students from the same private senior high school in central Taiwan, 60 in academic track and 95 in vocational track. The majority of the participants started taking English lessons either before entering elementary…

  7. Vocational Safety Preference of College Men with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canu, Will H.

    2007-01-01

    For college students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is associated with increased accidental injury, mindfulness regarding safety issues in vocational choice may be indicated. In this study, a group of male college students with ADHD-predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-IA) reported placing less emphasis on job safety…

  8. Comparative Study of Vocational Nursing Curriculum and Employer Requirements. Update. Napa Valley College, October 1991-June 1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zylinski, Doris; And Others

    In 1991-92, a project was undertaken at Napa Valley College to update the college's 1990 Comparative Study of Vocational Nursing Curriculum and Employer Requirements, to develop a model articulation program for licensed nurses pursuing associate degrees, and to produce a guide for recruiting and retaining underrepresented groups in vocational…

  9. INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE, A RESEARCH REPORT OF A GRADUATE STUDY. RESEARCH SERIES IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BENDER, RALPH E.; STARLING, JOHN T.

    TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN OHIO HIGH SCHOOLS, 15 PILOT SCHOOLS AND 8 CONTROL SCHOOLS WERE STUDIED. PRETESTS ADMINISTERED TO STUDENTS IN OCTOBER 1963 WERE AN AGRICULTURAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST, A BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES TEST, THE CALIFORNIA SHORT-FORM TEST OF MENTAL…

  10. Using an instrument to analyse competence-based study programmes; experiences of teachers in Dutch vocational education and training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wesselink, R.; Dekker - Groen, A.M.; Biemans, H.J.A.

    2010-01-01

    Competence-based education is becoming increasingly popular. Competencies are used more and more as the starting point for designing curricula and instructional methods, especially in vocational education and training, to realize authentic and self-steering study programmes. Despite its popularity

  11. Dropping out of Vocational Education in the State of Kuwait: A Case Study of Industrial Arts Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alqahtani, Abdulmuhsen Ayedh; Almutairi, Yousef B.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to examine, in retrospect, trainees' perceptions of the reasons some of their peers dropped out of the vocational education at the Industrial Institute-Shuwaikh (IIS), Kuwait. Using the descriptive-analytical method, a reliable questionnaire was developed to achieve this purpose. Results show that: (a) the…

  12. Role Orientation of Department Head in Professional Development in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校系主任在专业建设中的角色定位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈希球

    2012-01-01

    In higher vocational colleges, management organisations are set up according to majors. The department head usually plays the dual role of management and leadership. It is analysed anddiscussed how the department head should define his role in the process of professional construction.%高等职业院校根据专业大类按系科设置管理机构,系主任在系部工作中通常扮演管理和领导的双重角色。本文就系主任在专业建设过程中的几个方面如何进行自身的角色定位做出了分析和探讨。

  13. Examining Differences between Light and Heavier Smoking Vocational Students: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araujo, Vanessa A.; Loukas, Alexandra; Gottlieb, Nell H.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine differences between light and heavier smoking vocational/technical students in tobacco use, related behaviors, and cessation. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting and Methods: Two hundred and four smokers attending two vocational/technical colleges in east Texas, USA, completed an anonymous survey during a regularly scheduled…

  14. Strategic Management for Competitive Advantage: A Case Study of Higher Technical and Vocational Education in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hsun-I; Lee, Cheng-Fei

    2012-01-01

    Higher technical and vocational education institutions in Taiwan face the pressure of an oversupply of student places and fierce competition from domestic and international institutions. To cope with these challenges, higher technical and vocational education institutions that are better equipped to respond to market requirements are expected to…

  15. Strategic Management for Competitive Advantage: A Case Study of Higher Technical and Vocational Education in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hsun-I; Lee, Cheng-Fei

    2012-01-01

    Higher technical and vocational education institutions in Taiwan face the pressure of an oversupply of student places and fierce competition from domestic and international institutions. To cope with these challenges, higher technical and vocational education institutions that are better equipped to respond to market requirements are expected to…

  16. Measurement of Vocational Personality Theory in Light of Holland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdogan Tezci

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the current study is to examine the reliability and validity of a 55-item vocational interests scale prepared in light of Holland’s theory. According to Holland, there are six personality types in the workplace: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. People’s vocational personality is measured by looking at their vocational interests in this theory. 310 pre-service teachers from there departments including chemistry education, computer education/instructional technology and music education participated in the study. Results, in general, supported the premises of Holland’s theory. Although the results of confirmatory factor analysis supported the construct validity of the scale, 8 items possessed poor psychometric properties. As expected, there were significant differences among the pre-service teachers in these departments in terms of their vocational interests. The results of correlation and multi-dimensional scaling analyses produced contradictory results with the Holland’s hexagon. Although the propositions of Holland’s theory is not fully supported in the current study, we believe that our scale can be utilized confidently as an instrument to measure people’s vocational personality and help them to choose a career that fits their personality.

  17. Development of the technical leadership skills scale in vocational and technical high school administrators: Reliability and validity studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökçe ÖZDEMİR

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop a scale for the determination technical leadership skills of vocational and technical high school administrators. For the study, the sample was comprised of a total of 236 vocational education teachers working at nine out of 22 technical and vocational high schools located in the Şahinbey and Şehitkamil districts of Gaziantep Province. The criteria for sample selection were twofold: (1 The selected schools are the longest established in the districts, and (2 the participant teachers had been working with the same school administrators at these schools for at least one year. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA were performed by the researcher in order to determine the construct validity of the scale. EFA results indicated that the scale had three sub-dimensions. The sub-dimensions were “Pedagogical and Social Skills”, “Managerial Skills”, and “Professional Skills”. The final form of the scale consisted of 40 items. Internal consistency coefficients of the scores taken from the sub-dimensions varied between .94 and .95. Research results concluded that the Technical Leadership Skills Scale (TLSS is a valid and reliable measurement instrument to determine technical leadership skills of vocational and technical high school administrators.

  18. The Development of Technical and Vocational Education for Vietnam--A Case Study in Quality Improvement. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Duong

    This report provides a general overview of technical and vocational education in Vietnam, with information on the country's economy, climate, population, and culture. It summarizes the history and present practices of these types of education in the country, and suggests measures to improve the quality of teachers and instructors. Some of the…

  19. Analysis of anxiety influencing factors of computer department students in vocation selecting period%择业期计算机专业学生焦虑成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈贞娥; 唐济生; 张天亮

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨计算机专业应届毕业生择业期焦虑水平的影响因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样,对计算机专业363名应届毕业生,用卡特尔16种人格因素(16PF)问卷、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、应付方式问卷、高校毕业生择业焦虑及原因调查问卷施测.结果 择业期计算机专业学生焦虑水平显著高于全国青年常模(t=6.631,P=0.000).多元逐步回归分析发现,紧张性(标准回归系数0.24928,t=4.72,P=0.000)、择业竞争压力(标准回归系数0.22126,t=4.54,P=0.000)、忧虑性(标准回归系数0.18320,t=3.36,P=0.001)、怀疑性(标准回归系数0.15002,t=3.16,P=0.002)、残缺家庭(标准回归系数0.09474,t=2.17,P=0.031)是影响择业期计算机学生焦虑水平的主要因素.结论 择业期焦虑水平受多种因素的影响,高怀疑、高紧张等不健康个性是择业期焦虑问题的内因,择业竞争压力是促发因素,家庭残缺对学生处事应变能力有不良影响.%Objective To explore the anxiety influencing factors of students of computer department in vocation selecting period.Methods A total of 363 students of computer department in periods of vocational selection were assessed with 16PF, SCL-90, Coping Style Questionnaire,and Vocational Selection Anxiety Questionnaire for University Graduate. Results The anxiety score of students of computer department in vocation selecting period were much higher statisticaly than the Chinese youth norm(t=6.631,P=0.000).The results of multivariable stepwise regression showed that the major factors affecting the anxiety score of the students were anxiousness (stb=0.24928,t=4.72,P<0.000),press of employment compete(stb=0.22126,t=4.54,P<0.000),apprehension(stb=0.18320,t=3.36, P=0.001),vigilance (stb=0.15002,t=3.16, P=0.002), family-incompleteness (stb=0.09474,t=2.17, P=0.031)et al. Conclusion The anxiety score were affected by many factors. Unhealthy personality such as high vigilance and high anxiousness are the

  20. Connecting Mathematics Teaching with Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalby, Diane; Noyes, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    For many vocational students in England, mathematics is now a compulsory part of their programme, yet the inclusion of an academic subject within a vocational course presents challenges. In this paper, an analysis of a series of case studies of vocational student groups in Further Education colleges in England shows how contrasting practices in…

  1. The Effects of Vocational Training on Labor Force Experience. An Analysis of the Tennessee Area Vocational Technical School System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    To analyze the differential benefits from vocational training, a study was made involving 1,701 former students selected at random from 19 area vocational-technical schools in Tennessee. Major objectives of the study were to determine: (1) economic justification of vocational training, (2) wage differences among the vocationally trained and…

  2. The Feasibility Study of Career English Teaching Reform in Higher Voca-tional Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LEI Jing; GUO Feng-ping

    2015-01-01

    It has been proved that traditional public English teaching can‘t meet the society requirements for the high skilled talent⁃ed, while Career English teaching can help students connect English learning with their future career, which better reflects occupa⁃tional and practical characteristics of higher vocational education. The paper puts forwards three feasibilities in Career English teaching reform in order to promote teaching quality of public English teaching in higher vocational colleges further.

  3. The Causality Study of External Environment Analysis (EEA), Internal Environment Analysis (IEA), Strategy Implementation on Study Program Performance at Vocational High School (VHS) in Nias Archipelago, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waruwu, Binahati; Sitompul, Harun; Manullang, Belferik

    2016-01-01

    The purposes of this study are to find out the significant effect of: (1) EEA on strategy implementation, (2) IEA on strategy implementation, (3) EEA on study program performance, (4) IEA on study program performance, and (5) strategy implementation on study program performance of Vocational High School (VHS) in Nias Archipelago. The population of…

  4. 20 CFR 638.503 - Vocational training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational training. 638.503 Section 638.503 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.503 Vocational training. (a)...

  5. 34 CFR 427.1 - What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program? 427...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BILINGUAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM... Program provides financial assistance for bilingual vocational education and training for limited...

  6. The Vocational-Technical Resource Consortia Serving Business and Industry in Ohio. Digest of Study: Operational Procedures for Successful Vocational-Technical Resource Consortia in Serving Business and Industry in Ohio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frasier, James E.; Stanton, William

    This publication reports the development of the vocational-technical resource consortia in Ohio and identifies the operational procedures associated with successful programs. Five exemplary consortia were studied in some depth; however, data were obtained from all of the 23 consortia in the state. The research indicates that the consortium is an…

  7. Behavioral Disorders in Vocational Schools for Special Education. A Pilot-study using the Teacher‘s Report Form and the Youth Self Report

    OpenAIRE

    Roland Stein; Harald Ebert

    2010-01-01

    Up until now emotional and behavioral disorders in Vocational Schools were only rarely subject of research. Yet it is probable that these disorders might represent a serious field of problems in such schools. Within the scope of a Pilot Study we explored the pupils of a large Special Educational Vocational school in Bavaria, Germany using Teacher’s Report Form (TRF) and Youth Self Report (YSR) of the Achenbach Scales (CBCL). We were interested in the occurrence of emotional and behavioral dis...

  8. The Impact on Vocational Training of Studies. Analysing and Forecasting Trends in Occupations. Case Studies in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark. CEDEFOP Document.

    Science.gov (United States)

    European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).

    This report describes a study to verify the impact on vocational training policies of research and development work carried out in the field of anticipation of educational and training needs, labor market forecasts, and skills analysis. Section I provides background. Section II presents the framework of the study. Section III includes the full…

  9. 高职院校图书馆职业特色建设研究%A Study on Vocational Feature Construction of Library of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓应

    2015-01-01

    The essence of vocational education is crossover realization of education activities. Under the general law of service of university library, library of higher vocational college has the particularity of function and behavior of vocational education. We should respect the vocational feature and law, abide by the education and teaching rule in order to meet the need of object of higher vocational education of development in an all-around way.%职业教育,以跨界实现教育活动为本质。高职院校图书馆在具有大学图书馆服务的一般规律下,还具有职业教育功能上和行为上的特殊性,因此,应该尊重职业特色及行业规律,遵守教育与教学规律,满足高职教育对象全面发展的需要。

  10. Female College Students' Vocational Ability Framework Design from Accounting Department%会计学专业女大学生职业能力框架设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张月玲; 王静

    2012-01-01

    Female college students' employment of accounting major meets great challenges, which are caused by traditional gender concept, large graduates number, contradiction between intellectual supply and demand, employment units' benefits consideration, and factors by female college students themselves. This paper attempts to design female college students' vocational ability framework of accounting major from basic knowledge and skill level, potential ability level, and quality level using qualification model and iceberg theory%高校会计学专业女大学生就业情况不容乐观,主要原因来自传统性别观念、毕业生数量攀升、人才需求矛盾、用人单位成本效益考虑及女生自身因素等方面。我们可以运用能力素质模型、冰山理论,从体现一般绩效水平的基本知识与技能层、体现杰出绩效水平的深藏能力层、体现女性特质的能力层三个层面,设计高校会计学专业女大学生职业能力框架结构。

  11. Card Sort Technique in Vocational Guidance/Career Counseling: Pilot Study about Career Values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tülin ACAR

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to develop and to pilot a not-test technique for assessing career and work values. This instrument was developed during a Career Counseling course taught by one of the authors of this paper. The first stage of development was the generation of a master list of career and work values, as reflected in the current literature related to theories and vocational research. From this master list 38 career values were selected resulting in the final deck that was used in testing. This deck of cards was given the name Career Values Cards (MEDEK and administered to a total of 75 high school students. Following administration each of the subjects was asked to complete a MEDEK evaluation form designed to assess reactions to the MEDEK experience. Results of the survey indicated that the MEDEK was an easy-to-use, understandable, and enjoyable technique to increase self-awareness and enhance insight, and a source of important information for students engaged in career counseling and career development by enhancing personal identification of personal career and work values.

  12. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  13. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  14. Study on English MOOC in Vocational Colleges from Educational Ecolo-gy Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    封娇

    2015-01-01

    From the programmed instruction method in the 1960s and 1970s to the emergence of open courses at the beginning of the 21st century and then to the fast growth of massive open online course(MOOC),online education never stops its pace on the road of research and practice with the continuous upgrade of the Internet.As the hot education revolutionary,MOOC has aroused a large number of researchers'attention.So how English MOOC develop in vocational colleges? Is there any education theory contributing to MOOC's development? What's the special MOOC mode for English in vocational colleges? These are the research topics of this thesis.

  15. Study On the Current Situation and Strategies of English Selective Courses---In Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楼科跃

    2016-01-01

    Secondary Vocational English Syllabus requires that English courses for vocational schools should aim to lay a solid foundation for students'professional life ,to further education and lifelong development,to help students to further learn basic knowledge ,to improve their ability of listening,speaking,reading and writing in English,to form the students'a-bility of using English as a tool in career,to foster the students to form the right sensibility,attitude and standpoint of value,so as to promote the body and mind of students developing generally.

  16. A REVIEW OF THE TRANSVERSE MODULES OF THE FORMATIVE CYCLES OF VOCATIONAL STUDIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Solsona Solé

    2015-12-01

    On observing the educational centres which provide higher vocational training courses it is noted that there is a high number of students who do not participate in lifelong learning in a very important aspect of their lives as employability and entrepeneurship as they have the transversal modules of Training and Employment Guidance and Bussiness and Entrepreneurship validated. Therefore, it is proposed to implement a progressive curricular model of the before mentioned modules in the middle and higher vocational training courses, detailing and differentiating the respective professional profiles.

  17. Analysis on Vocational Education and Social Mobility of New Generation Migrant Workers:A Case Study of Shijiazhuang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongyan; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Based on survey data of current situations of new generation migrant workers vocational education and its influence on social mobility in Shijiazhuang City, the author believes that there are many drawbacks in vocational education of new generation migrant workers, including low participationt and varied training environment of enterprises. In addition, the influence of vocational education of migrant workers on social mobility is not very satisfactory. Finally, it presents countermeasures for improving vocational education, to promote social mobility of new generation migrant workers.

  18. Research Applications of the Longitudinal Rehabilitation Study of the Vocational Services Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosciulek, J. F.

    2004-01-01

    Current state and national disability and employment policy program and funding directives, such as the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 and the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, require the state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) program to demonstrate service efficacy in order to maintain and expand program funding…

  19. Breaking Ground: A Study of Gestalt Therapy Theory and Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartung, Paul J.

    In both Gestalt therapy and Holland's theory of vocational choice, person-environment interaction receives considerable emphasis. Gestalt therapy theory suggests that people make contact (that is, meet needs) through a characteristic style of interacting with the environment. Holland identifies six personality types in his theory and asserts that…

  20. A study of effect of music on higher vocational English classroom teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘业胜

    2013-01-01

    Most higher vocational students like listening to music in the classroom,and the curricular of English often troubles students because of its particularity.Therefore,it is meaningful to guide students to transfer their love of music to improving their English learning.This essay tries to explore how to use music to improve the efficiency of classroom teaching.

  1. The Role of Family in Vocational Education and Training Choices: A Case Study in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dormeier Freire, Alexandre; Giang, Hong Trinh

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the role of family in vocational education and training (VET) choices, using primary qualitative data collected in the commune of Hung An, Vietnam. The authors demonstrate that, next to issues relating to income, it is family characteristics that are the predominant influence on an individual's choice of the VET track,…

  2. Geography teachers’ Practices regarding Summative Assessment : A Study of Pre-Vocational Education in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijsterbosch, Erik; van der Schee, Joop; Kuiper, Wilmad; Beneker, T.

    2016-01-01

    To start a teacher professional development programme on the relationship between classroom summative assessment and learning, the current practices and dispositions of geography teachers towards internal school-based examinations in pre-vocational education in the Netherlands were investigated. A q

  3. Entrepreneurship in Vocational Education: A Case Study of the Brazilian Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stadler, Adriano; Smith, Anne M. J.

    2017-01-01

    Vocational entrepreneurship education is associated with specific techniques and teaching methods, including face-to-face student contact and knowledge alignment with labour market needs. The authors argue that entrepreneurship education provides particular benefits in different educational conditions and modes because it allows students to…

  4. Transfer of Knowledge in Technical Vocational Education: A Narrative Study in Swedish Upper Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilbrink, Nina; Bjurulf, Veronica

    2013-01-01

    In vocational education, teaching and learning are expected to take place in the different learning arenas; schools and workplaces. In such a dual school system, the question of transfer is vital, i.e. how to use knowledge learned in previous situations in new situations. This article is an empirical contribution to research concerning transfer,…

  5. A Study of Vocational College English Teaching Based on Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈映丹; 江晶鑫

    2015-01-01

    Piaget has taught us that we learn a great deal about how students think by listening carefully during the class,by paying attention to their own ways of solving problems.If English teachers understand the Vocational College students’ thinking,they will be better able to match teaching methods to students’ abilities.

  6. A Study of Vocational College English Teaching Based on Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈映丹; 江晶鑫

    2015-01-01

    Piaget has taught us that we learn a great deal about how students think by listening carefully during the class,by paying attention to their own ways of solving problems. If English teachers understand the Vocational College students' thinking,they will be better able to match teaching methods to students' abilities.

  7. The purpose and content of vocational curriculum for entrepreneurship education: a case study in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolrasoul Jamshidian

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Since in technical and vocational secondary education, much of the general and special talents related to students’ vocation and life will flourish, and it provides the background to acquire the abilities such as entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial behavior, the purpose of this article is the evaluation of Technical and Vocational Education for Teaching Entrepreneurship. The main purpose of this research is the evaluation of the role of vocational education regarding the goal and content of the curriculum for entrepreneurship education. Materials and Methods: According to statistics, the number of trainers in the educational year 89-90 in Isfahan is 501 and the number of technical vocational trainees at the third grade level is 1439.The method of sampling utilized, is a two-stage cluster. A sample size of 210 people was estimated for trainer community, and one of 303 members for trainees. To collect data from two designed questionnaires, one was used for the trainer community and the other was used for the trainee community. For the validity of questionnaires, the views of teachers, students, and experts in the field of entrepreneurship curriculum were used. A reliability coefficient of 0.91 for trainers and of 0.89 for trainees was calculated. The Analysis of data obtained from research was performed in descriptive and inferential statistic levels. For Descriptive statistics, the indices of abundance, percent of the mean and standard deviation and for inferential statistics, the single-sample t-test, independent T, two-way ANOVA and Tukey test were used. Finding: The results obtained from the research is a proof that that the concepts of entrepreneurship in the curriculum has been developed and compiled. Between the views of the two groups (trainers and trainees regarding the goal and content, there is no difference. The difference between the views of the two groups in the area of content depends on demographic variables of sex

  8. Quality Management in Hospital Departments : Empirical Studies of Organisational Models

    OpenAIRE

    Kunkel, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    The general aim of this thesis was to empirically explore the organisational characteristics of quality systems of hospital departments, to develop and empirically test models for the organisation and implementation of quality systems, and to discuss the clinical implications of the findings. Data were collected from hospital departments through interviews (n=19) and a nation-wide survey (n=386). The interviews were analysed thematically and organisational models were developed. Relationships...

  9. Old Testament Studies: The story of a department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurie le Roux

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Department of Old Testament at the Faculty of Theology, University of Pretoria, has been in existence since 1938 and this article is an attempt to highlight some aspects of its history. The article consists of two main sections. The first discusses the place of the Department in the world, in Africa and at the University. It is stated that the Department always moved with the times and re-invented itself in new contexts. It found a stronghold in the university context, addressed the problems of our times intellectually and consistently maintained international contacts. In the second section, the members of the Department are discussed individually. It will become clear that there is a strange mixture of synchrony and diachrony, of reading the text in its final form and of taking the historical context and growth seriously. Both approaches exist alongside each other and complement each other. It is concluded that the Department�s future lies in its scholarly past � in the intellectual traditions in which it is embedded, and in its ability to adapt to new contexts without losing its total devotion to critical scholarship, the students and the church.Like human beings, a university department can also have a biography. It has a life entrenched in real experiences and is subjected to the same socio-political realities as people. This article briefly tells the life story of one such department, that of the Department of Old Testament at the University of Pretoria. It describes the Department�s academic endeavours, and of the scholars who devoted their lives to the pursuit of Old Testament scholarship and the teaching of theological students from their first year to doctorate level. Over the years the Department had to adjust and re-adjust, but in the end it survived all kinds of pressures and established its place both here and abroad. One of the reasons for its endurance and survival has been the commitment of the members of the

  10. 高职教师PCK发展的实践研究--以高职教师公开课为例%Practice and Research on the PCK Development of High-er Vocational Teachers:A Case Study on the Open Less-ons of Higher Vocational Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白艳群

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the higher vocational perspective, with the open lessons of higher vocational teachers as the objective of study, this paper explains the meaning of PCK, analyzes the PCK situation of higher vocational teachers in their open lessons, holds that the research on higher vocational teachers' PCK is important, and proposes strategies for the PCK development of higher voca-tional teachers.%本文从高职视角出发,以高职教师的公开课为研究对象,阐述了PCK的内涵,分析了高职教师公开课上的PCK情况,认为高职教师PCK研究具有重要意义,并提出了高职教师PCK发展的策略。

  11. True Vertigo Patients in Emergency Department; an Epidemiologic Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shahrami

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Vertigo prevalence is estimated to be 1.8% among young adults and more than 30% in the elderly. 13-38% of the referrals of patients over 65 years old in America are due to vertigo. Vertigo does not increase the risk of mortality but it can affect the patient’s quality of life. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of vertigo patients referred to the emergency department (ED. Methods: In this 6-month retrospective cross-sectional study, the profiles of all vertigo patients referred to the ED of Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from October 2013 to March 2014 were evaluated. Demographic data and baseline characteristics of the patients were recorded and then patients were divided into central and peripheral vertigo. The correlation of history and clinical examination with vertigo type was evaluated and screening performance characteristics of history and clinical examination in differentiating central and peripheral vertigo were determined. Results: 379 patients with the mean age of 50.69 ± 11.94 years (minimum 18 and maximum 86 were enrolled (58.13% female. There was no sex difference in vertigo incidence (p = 0.756. A significant correlation existed between older age and increase in frequency of central cases (p < 0.001. No significant difference was detected between the treatment protocols regarding ED length of stay (p = 0.72. There was a significant overlap between the initial diagnosis and the final decision based on imaging and neurologist’s final opinion (p < 0.001. In the end, 361 (95.3% patients were discharged from ED, while 18 were disposed to the neurology ward. No case of mortality was reported. Conclusion: Sensitivity and specificity of history and clinical examination in differentiating central and peripheral vertigo were 99 (95% CI: 57-99 and 99 (95% CI: 97-99, respectively.

  12. 77 FR 48973 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Vocational and Adult Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Vocational and Adult Education; Perkins... and financial reports for the Office of Vocational Adult Education office (OVAE) Division of...

  13. Promoting STI testing among senior vocational students in Rotterdam, the Netherlands: effects of a cluster randomized study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfers Mireille

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Adolescents are a risk group for acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs. In the Netherlands, senior vocational school students are particular at risk. However, STI test rates among adolescents are low and interventions that promote testing are scarce. To enhance voluntary STI testing, an intervention was designed and evaluated in senior vocational schools. The intervention combined classroom health education with sexual health services at the school site. The purpose of this study was to assess the combined and single effects on STI testing of health education and school-based sexual health services. Methods In a cluster-randomized study the intervention was evaluated in 24 schools, using three experimental conditions: 1 health education, 2 sexual health services; 3 both components; and a control group. STI testing was assessed by self reported behavior and registrations at regional sexual health services. Follow-up measurements were performed at 1, 3, and 6-9 months. Of 1302 students present at baseline, 739 (57% completed at least 1 follow-up measurement, of these students 472 (64% were sexually experienced, and considered to be susceptible for the intervention. Multi-level analyses were conducted. To perform analyses according to the principle of intention-to-treat, missing observations at follow-up on the outcome measure were imputed with multiple imputation techniques. Results were compared with the complete cases analysis. Results Sexually experienced students that received the combined intervention of health education and sexual health services reported more STI testing (29% than students in the control group (4% (OR = 4.3, p Conclusions Despite a low dose of intervention that was received by the students and a high attrition, we were able to show an intervention effect among sexually experienced students on STI testing. This study confirmed our hypothesis that offering health education to vocational students

  14. An observational study of emergency department intern activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jia Ni; Weiland, Tracey J; Taylor, David M; Dent, Andrew W

    2008-05-05

    To describe how intern time is spent, and the frequency of activities performed by interns during emergency department (ED) rotations. Prospective observational study of 42 ED interns from three Melbourne city teaching hospitals during 5 months in 2006. Direct observations were made by a single researcher for 390.8 hours, sampling all days of the week and all hours of the day. Proportion of time spent on tasks and number of procedures performed or observed by interns. Direct patient-related tasks accounted for 86.6% of total intern time, including 43.9% spent on liaising and documentation, 17.5% obtaining patient histories, 9.3% on physical examinations, 5.6% on procedures, 4.8% ordering or interpreting investigations, 3.0% on handover and 4.9% on other clinical activities. Intern time spent on non-clinical activities included 4.2% on breaks, 3.7% on downtime, 1.7% on education, and 1.3% on teaching others. Adjusted for an 8-week term, the ED intern would take 253 patient histories, consult more senior ED staff on 683 occasions, perform 237 intravenous cannulations/phlebotomies, 39 arterial punctures, 12 wound repairs and apply 16 plasters. They would perform chest compressions under supervision on seven occasions, observe defibrillation twice and intubation once, but may not see a thoracostomy. The ED exposes interns to a broad range of activities. With the anticipated increase in intern numbers, dilution of the emergency medicine experience may occur, and requirements for supervision may increase. Substitution of ED rotations may deprive interns of a valuable learning experience.

  15. A Study of Oral English Teaching and Learning in Vocational Colleges from the Perspective of Constructivism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴艳

    2014-01-01

    With the increasing development of China’economy and society, the communication between China and other coun-tries is on the rise, which contribute to the increasing demands of foreign languages especially English. As a result, oral English plays an important role in English learning and it is necessary for learners to improve their oral English. While the traditional teaching models cannot meet the teaching demand now, Constructivist learning theory (CLT), a very important branch of the cognitive theory has arisen a considerable amount of interest as a new teaching method. In the paper, the author try to apply con-structivist learning theory to vocational college oral English teaching in order to explore some oral English teaching models from a constructivist perspective and hopes that this paper can provide some help to apply the CLT to vocational oral English teaching.

  16. The Study on Status of Psychological Well-being for Vocational Students%高职生心理幸福感现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵佳佳; 童秀英; 崔鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    Under the situation of higher vocational education's rapid development, vocational college students as an independent group, studying the well-being, it's of great significant to enhance the well-being of vocational college students, and promote the psychological health of vocational college students. This study attempts to know the status of vocational college students' psychological well-being by the survey and analysis of questionnaire.%在高职教育快速发展的形势下,把高职生作为独立群体,研究其幸福感,对提升高职生的幸福感,促进高职生心理健康具有重要的意义。通过问卷调查的形式,了解和分析性别、年级、专业、成绩等因素及是否为独生子女和学生干部对高职生心理幸福感的影响。

  17. Police department personnel stress resilience training: an institutional case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weltman, Gershon; Lamon, Jonathan; Freedy, Elan; Chartrand, Donald

    2014-03-01

    The objective of this case study was to test the impact in law enforcement personnel of an innovative self-regulation and resilience building program delivered via an iPad (Apple Inc, Cupertino, California) app and personal mentoring. The Stress Resilience Training System (SRTS) app includes training on stress and its effects, HRV coherence biofeedback, a series of HeartMath self-regulation techniques (The Institute of HeartMath, Boulder Creek, California), and HRV-controlled games. The stressful nature of law enforcement work is well established, and the need for meaningful and effective stress resilience training programs is becoming better understood, as it has been in the military. Law enforcement and military service share many stress-related features including psychological stressors connected with the mission, extended duty cycles, and exposure to horrific scenes of death and injury. San Diego (California) Police Department personnel who participated in the study were 12 sworn officers and 2 dispatchers, 10 men and 4 women. The SRTS intervention comprised an introductory 2-hour training session, 6 weeks of individualized learning and practice with the SRTS app, and four 1-hour telephone mentoring sessions by experienced HeartMath mentors spread over a four week period. Outcome measures were the Personal and Organizational Quality Assessment (POQA) survey, the mentors' reports of their observations, and records of participants' comments from the mentoring sessions. The POQA results were overwhelmingly positive: All four main scales showed improvement; Emotional Vitality improved by 25% (P=.05) and Physical Stress improved by 24% (P=.01). Eight of the nine subscales showed improvement, with the Stress subscale, perhaps the key measure of the study, improving by approximately 40% (P=.06). Participant responses were also uniformly positive and enthusiastic. Individual participants praised the program and related improvements in both on-the-job performance and

  18. Effectively Improving English Teachers' Information Literacy in Vocational Colleges through Competition--Take the Foreign Language Department of Wuhu Vocational College of Information Technology as an example%通过竞赛有效提高高职院校英语教师信息素养——以芜湖信息技术职业学院外语系为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婧

    2012-01-01

    近年来,如何提高高职英语教师信息素养已成为高职英语教学改革的热点问题。芜湖信息技术职业学院外语系通过参加全国多媒体课件大赛有效提高了英语教师信息素养。本文以该系为例,对有效提高高职院校英语教师信息培养的途径和方法作一介绍。%Recently, how to improve English teachers' information literacy in vocational colleges has become a hot issue in the reform of vocational college English teaching, the Foreign Language Department of Wuhu Vocational College of Information Technology improves English teachers' information literacy by participating in the national multimedia courseware competition, this paper points out the channels to develop the information literacy and some countermeasures.

  19. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  20. Predictors and course of vocational status, income, and quality of life in people with severe mental illness: a naturalistic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordt, Carlos; Müller, Brigitte; Rössler, Wulf; Lauber, Christoph

    2007-10-01

    Due to high unemployment rates, people with mental illness are at risk of poverty and are deprived of the social and psychological functions of work, such as the provision of social support, structuring of time, and self-esteem, with a negative effect on their perceived quality of life (QoL). Two distinct processes are held responsible for the low work force participation of people with mental illness: 'Social underachievement' and 'social decline'. Social underachievement signifies that, due to early illness onset, the educational attainment of people with mental illness is low and entry to the labor market fails. Social decline, on the other hand, describes the loss of competitive employment after illness onset, followed by prolonged periods of unemployment and difficulties to re-enter the labor market. This study examines how social underachievement and decline are reflected in the course of vocational status, income, and QoL of people with severe mental illness in the years after a psychiatric admission in a naturalistic longitudinal design. A total of 176 participants diagnosed with schizophrenia or affective disorders were interviewed during an index hospitalization in two large psychiatric hospitals in Zurich. Follow-up interviews were conducted 12 and 30 months after. Random coefficient models (multilevel models) were used to examine simultaneously the predictors and course of the variables of interest. A low number of psychiatric hospitalizations, a higher educational degree, a diagnosis of schizophrenia, and years of work experience predicted a higher vocational status. Vocational status decreased in first-admission participants with prolonged hospitalizations during the follow-up period. Income did not change over time and was positively influenced by a higher age of illness onset, competitive employment, higher education, and not having had a longer hospitalization recently. Subjective QoL significantly improved and was rated higher by people with any

  1. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  2. Internship in Vocational Education and Training: Stakeholders' Perceptions of Its Organisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akomaning, Edward; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2011-01-01

    Polytechnic education in Ghana is an offshoot of technical and vocational education and training, which makes internship a sine qua non for its students. The implementation of internships in the departments of hotel catering and institutional management in Ghanaian polytechnics is examined in this study. The perceptions of the stakeholders suggest…

  3. Impact of the Special Education Vocational Education Program (VEP) on Student Career Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ofoegbu, Nelly E.; Azarmsa, Reza

    2010-01-01

    The Vocational Education Program (VEP) was established by the special education department in the Long Beach Unified School District (LBUSD) in an effort to assist students with disabilities to graduate from high school and be gainfully employed. This study investigated the impact of VEP on students' careers success after graduation. The…

  4. Internship in Vocational Education and Training: Stakeholders' Perceptions of Its Organisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akomaning, Edward; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2011-01-01

    Polytechnic education in Ghana is an offshoot of technical and vocational education and training, which makes internship a sine qua non for its students. The implementation of internships in the departments of hotel catering and institutional management in Ghanaian polytechnics is examined in this study. The perceptions of the stakeholders suggest…

  5. A Comparative Study of the Critical Thinking Skills among the Students of Accounting and Software in the Female Technical and Vocational University in the City of Borojerd

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagheri, Mahdi; Nowrozi, Reza Ali

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare the critical thinking skills among the students of accounting and software in the female technical and vocational university in the city of Borojerd. This study is a descriptive-comparative research. The statistical population of this study includes the female students of accounting and software in the…

  6. Factors Concerning Students' Perceptions of Teaching Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, W. Wade; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the degree to which high school senior vocational agriculture students perceived vocational agriculture teachers' roles and responsibilities as encouraging or discouraging them to pursue a career in agricultural education. (JOW)

  7. A STUDY ON THE EMPOWERING TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE TO INCREASE TEACHERS’ EFFECTIVENESS IN VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istanto Wahyu Djatmiko

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is to remind teachers that professional development and quality assurance are required to perform a good working in improving either learning process or school quality. Nowadays, teaching has been officially recognized as a profession. Consequently, teachers must be enforced professionally in their charges. To be professional in carrying their tasks, teachers must continuously improve competency themselves and perform quality assurance in their duties. This study is a literature review related to the importance of professional development and quality assurance in order to increase teachers’ effectiveness in providing learning services in Secondary Vocational Schools. Professional development is the need required by any teachers. Teachers’ professional development in Vocational Secondary School is expected to create changes in attitudes, improve the learning process and promote the students’ learning output and outcomes. In addition, teachers are not only responsible for improving the quality of learning outputs but also for working collaboratively with other teachers to elevate the quality of learning outcomes. It suggests the quality assurance as the key to achieve and to ensure the quality of teaching learning process and also the school’s effectiveness demanded by the stakeholders.

  8. Three-Capital Approach to the Study of Young People who Excel in Vocational Occupations: A Case of WorldSkills Competitors and Entrepreneurship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maia Chankseliani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the entrepreneurial inclinations of young people who achieved excellence in vocational occupations. We propose a three-capital approach to the study of entrepreneurship. Relying on the existing theories and original qualitative and quantitative data analyses, findings from interviews with 30 entrepreneurial and 10 non-entrepreneurial WorldSkills competitors show that psychological capital, social capital and human capital can be combined to explore how young people who excel in vocational occupations develop entrepreneurial mindsets. We show that training for and participation in the largest vocational skills event globally - WorldSkills competition - develops selected aspects of three capitals. However, we also discover that the entrepreneurial motivation precedes competitors' involvement with WorldSkills.

  9. Observational study of food safety practices in retail deli departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubran, M B; Pouillot, R; Bohm, S; Calvey, E M; Meng, J; Dennis, S

    2010-10-01

    In order to improve the safety of refrigerated ready-to-eat food products prepared at retail deli departments, a better understanding of current practices in these establishments is needed. Food employees in deli departments at six chain and three independent retail establishments in Maryland and Virginia were observed, using notational analysis, as they prepared deli products for sale. The frequency of contact with objects and deli products before sale, hand washing and glove changing during preparation, and equipment, utensil, and surface cleaning and sanitizing was determined. Compliance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's 2005 model Food Code recommendations, which must be adopted by the individual state and local jurisdictions that are responsible for directly regulating retail establishments, was also assessed. Observations indicated there were a large number of actions for which hand washing was recommended at independent and chain stores (273 recommended of 1,098 total actions and 439 recommended of 3,073 total actions, respectively). Moreover, 67% (295 of 439) of the actions for which hand washing was recommended at the chain stores and 86% (235 of 273) of those at the independent stores resulted from employees touching non-food contact surfaces prior to handling ready-to-eat food. Compliance with hand washing recommendations was generally low and varied depending on store type with independent stores exhibiting lower compliance than chain stores (5 instances of compliance for 273 recommended actions and 73 instances of compliance for 439 recommended actions, respectively). Potential risk mitigation measures that may reduce the frequency of hand washing actions needed during ready-to-eat food preparation in retail deli departments are discussed. More research is needed to determine the impact of such measures on food safety.

  10. 75 FR 57493 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies... ] object in the possession of the Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada Las... assessment of the human remains was made by the Department of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University...

  11. Procedures and Collaborative Information Seeking: A Study of Emergency Departments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Reddy, Madhu

    2015-01-01

    Information seeking is a central and inherently collaborative activity in the emergency department (ED) which is the common entry point to hospitals for nearly all acute patients. In this paper, we investigate how ED clinicians’ collabo-rative information seeking (CIS) is shaped by the procedures...... that the clinicians follow in the ED. Based on observations in two Danish EDs, we identify four pro-cedures prominent to how CIS is accomplished: the triage procedure, the timeouts, the coordinating nurse, and the recurrent opportunities for information seeking at the whiteboard. We then discuss how CIS activities...

  12. Procedures and Collaborative Information Seeking: A Study of Emergency Departments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertzum, Morten; Reddy, Madhu

    2015-01-01

    Information seeking is a central and inherently collaborative activity in the emergency department (ED) which is the common entry point to hospitals for nearly all acute patients. In this paper, we investigate how ED clinicians’ collabo-rative information seeking (CIS) is shaped by the procedures...... that the clinicians follow in the ED. Based on observations in two Danish EDs, we identify four pro-cedures prominent to how CIS is accomplished: the triage procedure, the timeouts, the coordinating nurse, and the recurrent opportunities for information seeking at the whiteboard. We then discuss how CIS activities...

  13. A STUDY ON THE NECESSITY OF VOCATIONAL CAREER COUNSELING IN EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Gabriela SECARĂ

    2012-01-01

    A person’s fulfillment may be achieved only when the three levels: personal, family and professional interweave. In the dynamic society in which we live, the trend is to emphasize only one of these levels, in the prejudice of the others. Therefore, the term “workaholic” is very often used. This, namely having a job to consume almost all our time, is often associated with the idea of career.The concept of vocational career has recently appeared in Romania, along with the transition to a societ...

  14. COMPANY-BASED VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING: CASE STUDIES OF SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRIES IN JAPAN AND SWEDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etsuo Yokoyama

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyze the motives, functioning, and results of vocational education and training in two companies in the shipbuilding industry in two different countries (Japan and Sweden in different time periods. The institutional framework differs substantially in the two cases and, partly as a consequence, the responses to challenges in securing an adequate supply often varied. However, our results indicate that not only was training important for supplying the companies with skilled labor, but also that it was crucial to creating career ladders for workers. This helped to develop company loyalty, which was important for retaining skilled workers.

  15. 浅谈职校计算机学困生的成因分析及转化策略%Discussion on the Cause of Students with Learning Difficulties in Computer Departments of Vocational Colleges and Transformation Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春香

    2014-01-01

    真正达到课堂教学的理想效果,促进全体学生的发展,还要揭开“学困生”这个“结”。对职校计算机“学困生”的成因作深入探究,并提出转化“学困生”的一些有效性策略。教师对学困生怀着真诚的爱,充分尊重、信任学困生,善于发掘学困生的闪光点,持之以恒、常抓不懈,就能找到启迪学困生心灵的金钥匙,使他们不断进步,成为健康、蓬勃发展的一代新人。%To achieve the ideal effect of classroom teaching ,and promote the development of all students ,it needs to uncover the “knot”of“students with learning difficulties” .Delve into the causes of students with learning difficulties in Computer Departments of vocational colleges ,and put forward some effective strategies to transform“students with learning difficulties” .With sincere love ,full respect and trust to students with learning difficulties ,teachers should be good at exploring the shining point of the students constantly and unremittingly , and they will find the golden key to enlighten the mind of students with learning difficulties ,so that students continue to progress ,to be healthy ,to become a new generation of vigorous development .

  16. The Existing Problems and Countermeasures of Teaching Management for Departments, Level in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校系级教学管理存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁晨

    2011-01-01

    高职院校的系级教学管理是学院教学管理工作建设和发展的要求,也是提高教学质量的重要保证。但在系级教学管理中也存在一些问题,如管理制度不完善,管理队伍不稳定,学生素质不高,实践教学有待拓展,领导重视程度不够等等。面对这些问题,应采取对策:加强与完善系级管理制度,加强人员培训,统一思想,建立激励机制,改善教学条件,推动教学质量不断提高。%The teaching management of departments' level in higher vocational colleges is the requirement of construction and development of teaching management work in colleges, as well as the important guarantee to promote teaching quality. But there exist some problems in teaching management of department level, such as the imperfect management system, the instable management group, the poor students' quality, the shortage of practical teaching, the insufficient leaders' emphasis degree and so on. Facing these problems we should adopt countermeasures to strengthen and perfect management system of departments' level, enhance staff training, unify thought, establish incentive system, and perfect teaching condition to advance the increase of teaching quality.

  17. A Comparative Study of 11 Local Health Department Organizational Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrill, Jacqueline; Keeling, Jonathan W.; Carley, Kathleen M.

    2013-01-01

    Context Although the nation’s local health departments (LHDs) share a common mission, variability in administrative structures is a barrier to identifying common, optimal management strategies. There is a gap in understanding what unifying features LHDs share as organizations that could be leveraged systematically for achieving high performance. Objective To explore sources of commonality and variability in a range of LHDs by comparing intraorganizational networks. Intervention We used organizational network analysis to document relationships between employees, tasks, knowledge, and resources within LHDs, which may exist regardless of formal administrative structure. Setting A national sample of 11 LHDs from seven states that differed in size, geographic location, and governance. Participants Relational network data were collected via an on-line survey of all employees in 11 LHDs. A total of 1 062 out of 1 239 employees responded (84% response rate). Outcome Measures Network measurements were compared using coefficient of variation. Measurements were correlated with scores from the National Public Health Performance Assessment and with LHD demographics. Rankings of tasks, knowledge, and resources were correlated across pairs of LHDs. Results We found that 11 LHDs exhibited compound organizational structures in which centralized hierarchies were coupled with distributed networks at the point of service. Local health departments were distinguished from random networks by a pattern of high centralization and clustering. Network measurements were positively associated with performance for 3 of 10 essential services (r > 0.65). Patterns in the measurements suggest how LHDs adapt to the population served. Conclusions Shared network patterns across LHDs suggest where common organizational management strategies are feasible. This evidence supports national efforts to promote uniform standards for service delivery to diverse populations. PMID:20445462

  18. Sociohistoire des Black Studies Departments Historia Social de los Departamentos de Estudios Negros Black Studies Departments: A Sociohistory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Rolland-Diamond

    2012-06-01

    émédiable du fait de l’évolution politique et sociale du pays vers des positions conservatrices mêlant idéal social de colorblindness (l’indifférence à la couleur de peau et valorisation du progrès individuel.This article examines the historical conditions that shaped the development of Black Studies departments within American universities in the late 1960s and 1970s, focusing on the initial challenges these new institutions faced. It begins by viewing these circumstances in relation to the rise of Black Power ideology on campuses throughout the United States in the late 1960s, highlighting the manner in which ideas of black nationalism aimed at improving ghetto conditions were adapted to university institutions that had remained until then largely unaffected by years of student protests. Based on several case studies, my analysis seeks to highlight the different strategies adopted by students and faculty members to promote the institutional legitimacy of Black Studies departments in a context of conservative backlash during the Nixon presidency. I argue that practical exigencies related to the drive for institutional acceptance and financial viability forced these actors to abandon their nationalist or community orientations and to move towards a more traditional academic outlook—a change that became irreversible within an increasingly conservative national political landscape dominated by ideals of colorblindness and individualism.Este artículo examina las condiciones históricas que permitieron el desarrollo de los departamentos especializados en estudios sobre los afroamericanos en las universidades americanas durante los años 1960 y 1970. El análisis se centra en los desafíos y retos que inicialmente existieron en ese proceso de institucionalización. Concretamente, se analiza el contexto histórico de la llegada de la ideología del Black Power a los campus americanos a finales de 1960 (conjunción de tres factores decisivos; la desilusión causada por

  19. Vocational Teachers between Educational Institutions and Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze discursively how the relationship between educational institutions and workplaces materializes in the position of a vocational teacher. Several studies have pointed out that the role of vocational teachers is changing as a result of current educational reforms, which can be understood in terms of bringing…

  20. Administrative Utility Analysis: Study Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Co., San Juan, Puerto Rico.

    This document summarizes the recommendations made as a result of a study on administrative utility analysis and vocational education programs for Puerto Rico. The major recommendation was that the Area of Vocational and Technical Education (AVTE) in the Puerto Rico Department of Education be restructured at the central organizational level, for…

  1. Level of Differentiation of Vocational Interests Profiles: Comparative Study by Age and Schooling in a Brazilian Sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Porto Noronha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Vocational interests can be defined as standards of preference, aversion or indifference to professional activities, but little is known about the factors involved in their development. From this perspective, this study attempted to clarify which variable, age or schooling, better fit comparisons of profile differentiation index. To this end, we analyzed the Escala de Aconselhamento Profissional (Professional Counseling Scale responses of 6,824 Brazilian students between 14 and 50 years old with various levels of education. Differentiation of the interest profile was observed by subtraction between dimensions with lower and higher scores. Normality of the distributions was verified and then Analysis of Variance and Tukey’s post hoc test were conducted in relation to groups of age and schooling. The results suggest that schooling is a more appropriate variable to compare the differentiation of interests. The implications and limitations of this study are discussed, and suggestions for future studies are given.

  2. The Significance of Social Relationships in Learning to Become a Vocational and Technical Education Teacher: A Case Study of Three Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Adeline Yuen Sze

    2013-01-01

    This article about workplace learning examines the learning of individuals in becoming a Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) teacher in Brunei. Drawing on research findings from a group of student teachers, it presents case study accounts of three individuals to illustrate the importance of social relationships in learning to become a VTE…

  3. Air Conditioning and Refrigeration. Volume XXVI. 1975 Edition of Course of Study Outlines. Middlesex County Vocational and Technical High Schools and Middlesex County Adult Technical Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capizzi, James

    The two courses of study described and outlined here are offered at Burr D. Coe Vocational and Technical High School in East Brunswick, New Jersey, for students wishing to prepare for a career in air conditioning and refrigeration. Section 1 deals with a 4-year high school course, Section 2 with a 1-year course for those who have completed high…

  4. Mobility and Transparency of Vocational Qualifications: An Overview of Studies on the Tourism, Chemical and Healthcare Sectors in Europe. CEDEFOP Panorama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersson, Sten; Richards, Greg; Rolfe, Heather; Skar, Mariann

    Three studies covering the tourism, chemical industry, and healthcare sectors in the European Union investigated patterns of cross-border mobility at the sector level. Special focus was on transparency of vocational qualifications and the relation between transparency and mobility. A serious lack of information on labor force mobility within…

  5. The Significance of Social Relationships in Learning to Become a Vocational and Technical Education Teacher: A Case Study of Three Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Adeline Yuen Sze

    2013-01-01

    This article about workplace learning examines the learning of individuals in becoming a Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) teacher in Brunei. Drawing on research findings from a group of student teachers, it presents case study accounts of three individuals to illustrate the importance of social relationships in learning to become a VTE…

  6. Vocational Profiles and Internship Quality among Portuguese VET Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamboa, Vitor; Paixão, Maria Paula; de Jesus, Saúl Neves

    2014-01-01

    The provision of workplace-based experiences (internships) is an important component of the training program for students attending vocational education courses. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between internship quality and students vocational development, considering students' vocational profiles, in a sample of 346…

  7. Recent Research on Labor Market Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    This paper synthesizes the results of recent research on the labor market outcomes associated with participation in secondary vocational education. It is based on 10 studies conducted with national data and reported since passage of the 1976 amendments to the Vocational Education Act of 1963. Despite the problems of analyzing vocational outcomes…

  8. Professional Identities of Vocational High School Students and Extracurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, Bilge Aslan; Altintas, Havva Ozge

    2017-01-01

    Vocational high schools are one of the controversial topics, and also the hardly touched fields in educational field. Students' profiles of vocational schools, their visions, and professional identity developments are not frequently reflected in the literature. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to research whether vocational high school…

  9. Making the Case for Specialized Caseloads among Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors Working with Ex-Offenders: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates-Maves, Julie K.; O'Sullivan, Deirdre

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This article outlines findings from a sample of 137 vocational rehabilitation counselors regarding their stigmatizing attitudes, burnout levels, work experience, caseload composition, and working alliance with clients who have a range of disabilities and a criminal history. Method: Electronic surveys were sent to vocational rehabilitation…

  10. What makes teacher teams in a vocational education context effective? A qualitative study of managers' view on team working

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Truijen, K.J.P.; Sleegers, P.J.C.; Meelissen, Martina R.M.; Nieuwenhuis, Loek

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important

  11. What makes teacher teams in a vocational education context effective? A qualitative study of managers' view on team working

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Truijen, K.J.P.; Sleegers, P.J.C.; Meelissen, M.R.M.; Nieuwenhuis, A.F.M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important con

  12. Strong Vocational Education--A Safe Way to the Labour Market? A Case Study of the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straková, Jana

    2015-01-01

    Background: In its communications, the European Commission stresses the importance of vocational education and endorses apprenticeship training. Educational systems that have dual tracks of academic alongside vocational learning routes have been shown to generate better labour market outcomes for school leavers and smooth the school-to-work…

  13. What Makes Teacher Teams in a Vocational Education Context Effective?: A Qualitative Study of Managers' View on Team Working

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truijen, K. J. P.; Sleegers, P. J. C.; Meelissen, M. R. M.; Nieuwenhuis, A. F. M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important condition for this implementation. In order to…

  14. 34 CFR 361.65 - Allotment and payment of Federal funds for vocational rehabilitation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES PROGRAM Financing of State Vocational Rehabilitation Programs § 361.65 Allotment and payment of Federal funds for vocational rehabilitation services. (a) Allotment. (1) The... rehabilitation services. 361.65 Section 361.65 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...

  15. 34 CFR 411.1 - What is the Vocational Education Research Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the world economy by developing more fully the academic and occupational skills of all segments of the... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Vocational Education Research Program? 411...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION RESEARCH...

  16. The Effects of Vocational Leadership Development for Individuals Who Participated in the Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leimbach, Gale John

    The effects of vocational leadership development were studied for 23 Fellows enrolled in the 1992 Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute (OVELI). A literature review focused on four components: leadership styles, educational leadership development, vocational leadership development, and visionary leadership development. The Leadership…

  17. Applying a Typology to Vocational Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=1,005), college juniors (N=692), employed adults (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a 1 year interval (N=624). The aspirational data were…

  18. Leadership Skills among Technical and Vocational Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Nurazyan Zahidah; Jizat, Nor Atikah Md.; Zakaria, Normah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of leadership skills among technical and vocational educator are to prepare them towards effective organization. Effective leadership is widely accepted as being a key constituent in achieving organization improvement and to examine. This study aimed to gauge the leadership skills among technical and vocational educators effectiveness…

  19. A Study on Task-based Approach in Vocational College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莹

    2012-01-01

    The traditional teaching approach has long been concerned with imparting know!edge, and many college teachers still opt for this method in their practice In English class teachers choose to emphasize ma the language points, ignoring that English lan- guage mainly functions as a tool of communication. On the other hand, for students the purpose of learning English is to pass the examination. This traditional approach fails to cultivate students" communicative ability in English . In recent years, however, the general shift from a knowledge-based education to an ability-oriented one makes it an imperative to reform the traditional teaching methods. As a new kind of teaching theory and teaching act!vity, task-based approach(TBA) has been introduced and applieded by English teachers in China, especially those engaged in English teaching in higher vocational colleges.

  20. Operational Model for Career Development and Vocational Preparation. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upton, Anne L.; Barrett, Samuel L.

    Three California State Department units (vocational education, pupil personnel services, and career education) and two school districts (Fremont Unified and Huntington Beach Union High) established a consortium to develop demonstration sites for model career development and vocational preparation systems and staff development programs. The…

  1. Stability of vocational interests among the intellectually gifted from adolescence to adulthood: a 15-year longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubinski, D; Benbow, C P; Ryan, J

    1995-02-01

    A sample of 162 intellectually gifted adolescents (top 1%) were administered the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory at age 13. Fifteen years later, they were administered the Strong again. This study evaluated the intra- and interindividual temporal stability of the 6 RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) themes and the Strong's 23 Basic Interest Scales. Over the 15-year test-retest interval, RIASEC's median interindividual correlation for the 6 themes was .46; the median of all 162 intraindividual correlations was .57. Configural analyses of the most dominant theme at age 13 revealed that this theme was significantly more likely than chance to be either dominant or adjacent to the dominant theme at age 28--following RIASEC's hexagonal structure. For intellectually gifted individuals, it appears to be possible to forecast salient features of their adult RIASEC profile by assessing their vocational interests during early adolescence, but some RIASEC themes seem more stable than others.

  2. Study on the Application of Mobile Learning in Higher Vocational Education%移动学习在高职教育中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华传强

    2013-01-01

    As a new way of learning,mobile learning aroused widespread concern,gradually entered the field of higher vocational education and played an effective supporting role access to knowledge for vocational students;Mobile learning in higher vocational education is analyzed in the feasibility of the application,we put forward the concrete application mode,and mainly study relevant strategies on the application of mobile learning in higher vocational education.%移动学习作为一种全新的学习方式引起人们广泛关注,并逐渐进入高职教育领域,对高职学生知识的获取起着有效辅助作用;文章分析了移动学习在高职教育中应用的可行性,提出其具体应用模式,重点研究了移动学习在高职教育中应用的相关策略。

  3. Impact of school and vocational education on smoking behaviour: results from a large-scale study on adolescents and young adults in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setter, C; Peter, R; Siegrist, J; Hort, W

    1998-01-01

    While level of school education has been related to prevalence of cigarette smoking in a number of studies, less information is available on the role of vocational education and related occupational contexts. This study analyses the relative contribution of different types of educational experience to explaining prevalence and intensity of cigarette smoking in a large sample of female and male vocational trainees in Germany. A standardized questionnaire on smoking behaviour and educational performance was applied in 27 educational centers across the country, covering a total of 20,527 respondents (77.3% of the original sample; women: 59.5%, men: 40.5%). Bivariate analysis revealed a high prevalence of current smokers among vocational trainees, both men (51.2%) and women (49.4%). Men were more likely to be heavy smokers, especially with increasing age. In both sexes, prevalence of smoking was particularly high in the following occupational groups: hairdressers, butchers, painters, service personnel (hotels, restaurants), shop assistants/sellers and cooks. Multivariate analysis taking educational level, type of vocational training (occupation), age, sex and urban-rural background into account revealed the highest prevalence odds ratios (POR) of smoking in subjects with the lowest educational level (POR = 5.19 for men and 4.56 for women). Even stronger effects were observed with smoking intensity (> or = 20 cigarettes/day): in men with the lowest educational level the risk of being a heavy smoker was 8.92, and in women 13.54 compared to subjects with a high-school leaving qualification. Poor school education must be considered the relatively strongest predictor of prevalence and intensity of cigarette smoking in a large sample of female and male vocational trainees. Preventive efforts should be directed at specific target groups such as those identified by this study.

  4. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  5. Theoretical Studies on Concealed Courses of Physical Education of Vocational Education%职业教育隐性体育课程的理论研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王富印; 马海霞; 赵冰岩

    2012-01-01

    Concealed course of physical education is a curriculum theory that aims to cultivate the students' mental health and their social adaptability. Physical education at vocational schools serves for vocational education and the students' professional quality. Because of the specialty of the vocational education' s training goals and its ed- ucation objects, with the chance of curriculum reforms, the physical education should make the theoretical and practical studies on concealed courses of vocational education, set the educational idea serving for the students' professional quality, choose the materials and pedagogical contents in accordance with the vocational education, the teaching methods in accordance with the students at vocational education school, adopt various teaching activities, and promote the healthy development of physical education of vocational education.%隐性体育课程是以显性体育课程为载体的,以培养学生健康心理和社会适应能力为目标的教育思想和课程理论。职教体育要为职业教育服务,为学生的职业素质养成服务。职业教育的培养目标和教育对象有其特殊性,学校体育要以课程改革为契机,开展职业教育隐性体育课程的理论与实践研究,树立为学生职业素养服务的教育理念,科学地选择具有职业特点的教材和教学内容,灵活运用适合职业学生的教学方法和手段,开展多种形式的教育教学活动,推动职教体育的健康发展。

  6. Vitamin D status in outpatient department patients: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niru Chhetri

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is very high in our region that is in Eastern Bihar and North Bengal, as is reflected from our study. This is the pattern seen in other parts of our country too. Also, the deficiency is high in the age group 21 to 60 years and females outnumber the male. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(6.000: 2276-2280

  7. Strategies for Translating Vocative Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga COJOCARU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the linguistic and cultural elements of vocative texts and the techniques used in translating them by giving some examples of texts that are typically vocative (i.e. advertisements and instructions for use. Semantic and communicative strategies are popular in translation studies and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages in translating vocative texts. The advantage of semantic translation is that it takes more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, while communicative translation attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original text in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. Focus is laid on the strategies used in translating vocative texts, strategies that highlight and introduce a cultural context to the target audience, in order to achieve their overall purpose, that is to sell or persuade the reader to behave in a certain way. Thus, in order to do that, a number of advertisements from the field of cosmetics industry and electronic gadgets were selected for analysis. The aim is to gather insights into vocative text translation and to create new perspectives on this field of research, now considered a process of innovation and diversion, especially in areas as important as economy and marketing.

  8. A Comparative Study of Higher Vocational Education Systems between China and Japan%中日高等职业教育制度比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹莹

    2012-01-01

    Higher vocational education has become the important composing part of higher education in our country.However,under the situation of gradual decreasing for the number of college entrance examination,the development of higher vocational education in our country faces great difficulty.In order to further promote the development of higher vocational education in our country,firstly it should perfect system.Through comparative study,because of adopting flexible running system,higher vocational education in Japan holds a dominant position and achieves development in fierce market competition,which is worth of using for reference by Chinese higher vocational colleges.%高等职业教育已经成为我国高等教育的重要组成部分,但是,在高考人数逐年减少的情况下,我国高等职业教育的发展面临着很大的困难。要想进一步推进我国高职教育的发展,首先需要在制度方面加以完善。通过比较研究我们发现,日本的高等职业教育由于采取了比较灵活的办学制度,得以在竞争激烈的市场中占据优势并获得发展,值得中国的高职院校加以借鉴。

  9. Overview of Implant Infections in Orthopaedics Department: Retrospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugrul Bulut

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, our aim was to evaluate the antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolated from orthopedic implant infections. Within two years operated 1996 patients in an orthopedics and traumatology clinic were retrospectively investigated. Seventy-six (76/1996, 3.8% orthopedic implant infections were detected. Isolated bacteria and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns were analyzed. The bacteries isolated from implant related infections and antibiotic sensitivity patterns were evaluated retrospectively in our orthopaedics and traumatology clinic. Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant organism (30.3%. Gram negative bacterias were isolated in 65.8% of our patients. No resistance was determined against vancomycin and linezolid in gram positive bacterias. Imipenem, amicasin and cefepim was seen as the most effective antibiotics for gram negative bacterias.

  10. Epidemiological Study of Periocular Dermatitis in a Specialised Hospital Department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Rojo-España

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Contact dermatitis is frequent skin pathology and eyelids are one of the more frequent locations of this pathology. The objective of the present work was to study the population distribution of periocular dermatitis, determine the allergens which most frequently indicate positive in patch tests and in provocative use tests, and analyse the clinical relevance of the positive tests.Patients with periocular dermatitis (N=93 underwent a thorough physical examination and a patch test with standard series. According to clinical suspicions, 76 patients underwent a patch test with specific series. Finally a provocative use test was done for 36 patients with suspected  products  that  the  patients  brought.  The  tests  were classified according their relevance.The most  frequently observed allergen in the  patch tests (with standard and specific series was nickel followed by mercury, and anti-glaucoma drops in the provocative use tests with patients products.Patients’ sex, age, occupation, clinical status, presence of associated periocular symptoms, and presence of atopic or seborrheic dermatitis and/or rosacea did not relate with relevance.We conclude that  a clinical diagnosis may not  always be made with patch tests with standard and specific series due to lack of relevance. It is important to do provocative use tests with the products suspected as allergens in those cases where patch tests with standard and specific series indicated positive for more than one allergen.

  11. A Study on Teacher Autonomy in English Language Teacher’s Profes-sional Development in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Lan

    2016-01-01

    Teacher professional development (TPD), which is related with teacher education, has been the topic of vital signifi-cance in the world educational reform. There are diverse modes and approaches of teacher development, among which, teacher autonomy (TA) is a new concept. It is relatively new and has received insufficient attention in China, especially in vocational col-leges. The related research of this kind on English teachers in vocational colleges is far from enough. Based on this situation, some investigations were conducted on the topic of TA among 5 vocational colleges in Kunming, Yunnan Province. By utilizing questionnaires and interviews as the main investigation tools, the present author conducted the survey of the current situation of the English teachers’professional development and the existing problems, aiming at exploring the effective ways of promoting English language teachers’(autonomy) development in the context of vocational colleges.

  12. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  13. 75 FR 52364 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies, University of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    ... Completion: Department of Anthropology and Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV... of Anthropology & Ethnic Studies, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV. The human remains... in this notice. A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Department of...

  14. Nurses' evaluation of a new formalized triage system in the emergency department - a qualitative study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mette Brehm; Forberg, Jakob Lundager

    2011-01-01

    Formalized triage in the emergency department (ED) is not widely used in Denmark; this study explores the effects of introducing a five-level process triage system in a Danish ED.......Formalized triage in the emergency department (ED) is not widely used in Denmark; this study explores the effects of introducing a five-level process triage system in a Danish ED....

  15. Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students (MASS) in intermediate vocational education schools: design of a controlled before-and-after study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Vlis, Madelon K; Lugtenberg, Marjolein; Vanneste, Yvonne T M; Berends, Wenda; Mulder, Wico; Bannink, Rienke; Van Grieken, Amy; Raat, Hein; de Kroon, Marlou L A

    2017-06-29

    School absenteeism, including medical absenteeism, is associated with early school dropout and may result in physical, mental, social and work-related problems in later life. Especially at intermediate vocational education schools, high rates of medical absenteeism are found. In 2012 the Dutch intervention 'Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students' (MASS), previously developed for pre-vocational secondary education, was adjusted for intermediate vocational education schools. The aim of the study outlined in this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of the MASS intervention at intermediate vocational education schools in terms of reducing students' medical absenteeism and early dropping out of school. Additionally, the extent to which biopsychosocial and other factors moderate the effectiveness of the intervention will be assessed. A controlled before-and-after study will be conducted within Intermediate Vocational Education schools. Schools are allocated to be an intervention or control school based on whether the schools have implemented the MASS intervention (intervention schools) or not (control schools). Intervention schools apply the MASS intervention consisting of active support for students with medical absenteeism provided by the school including a consultation with the Youth Health Care (YHC) professional if needed. Control schools provide care as usual. Data will be collected by questionnaires among students in both groups meeting the criteria for extensive medical absenteeism (i.e. 'reported sick four times in 12 school weeks or for more than six consecutive school days' at baseline and at 6 months follow-up). Additionally, in the intervention group a questionnaire is completed after each consultation with a YHC professional, by both the student and the YHC professional. Primary outcome measures are duration and cumulative incidence of absenteeism and academic performances. Secondary outcome measures are biopsychosocial outcomes of the students. It

  16. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    . Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions......Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational...

  17. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational....... Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions...

  18. Student and Parent Images of Vocational Education Offerings: Declining Enrollment in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    To investigate factors that influence a student not to enroll in a high school vocational curriculum, a study sought to determine the following: (1) what relationships exist between the high school students' sex, race, socioeconomic status, and curriculum choice and the students' image of vocational education; and (2) what image of vocational…

  19. Exploration and Study of German Vocational Education%德国职业教育探索与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍伟

    2012-01-01

    德国具有兼容互通的教育体系和完善成熟的职业教育制度及双元制的职业教育模式。德国职业教育的课程设计、教学方法和考试方法自成体系,职业院校教师的继续教育和培训有法可依、有章可循。德国职业教育有底蕴、有底气、有底牌,在完善职业教育培训的法律体系、打造技能人才全职业生涯成长通道、打造职业院校的校企合作无缝对接和健全完善的职业院校师资培养、进修机制等方面值得我们学习和借鉴。%Abstract: Germany possesses a compatible and communicative educational system, a perfect and mature vocational education system, and a dual-system vocational education mode. The Ger- man vocational education has a complete system including class design, teaching methods and ex- amination methods, thus continuing education and training of vocational college teachers have clear rules to follow. German vocational education has deep cultural background, solid founda- tion and rich content. We can learn from them in many ways such as legal system designed to perfect vocational education training, creating complete career path for skilled talents, forming seamless linkage between vocational schools and enterprises, perfecting teacher cultivation and continuing education mechanism.

  20. Vocational Training in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BALCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available European Union requires some standards in all areas. Today, the importance of training qualified individuals which holds an important place in the development of countries increases and certain standards are adopted creating common European Union tools in the field of vocational and technical education. In this study, vocational education and training policies system and the standards adopted by the European Union are discussed. Furthermore, this study was accepted as a European Union project in 2010 and the results obtained from the Leonardo Da Vinci Life Learning European Union project called “Web Based Basic Vocational Training” between the years 2010-2012 were presented. Since the partners of these projects are Turkey, Spain and Germany, the structure of vocational education, institutions of public and private vocational education and the diplomas and certificates entitled after these educations are included. As Turkey is on its way to become a European Union member, a number of advices are presented for Turkey to reach its destination about vocational education standards that European Union has aimed. The purpose of the study is not only to be a guide for the young who want to get professional training in the countries that are European Union members or candidates about how and where to have education opportunities but also to give a chance for trainers and training managers, participating in vocational training, so as to glimpse different practices from different countries and compare these practices between the countries of European Union and their countries. The study is also very important as it has the opportunities for training managers to see if their countries' vocational education is close enough to vocational education in European Union.

  1. Vocational perspectives and neuromuscular disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andries, F; Wevers, CWJ; Wintzen, AR; Busch, HFM; Howeler, CJ; deJager, AEJ; Padberg, GW; deVisser, M; Wokke, JHJ

    1997-01-01

    The present study analyses the actual occupational situation, vocational handicaps and past labour career of a group of about 1000 Dutch patients suffering from a neuromuscular disorder (NMD). On the basis of the likelihood of a substantial employment history and sufficient numbers of patients, four

  2. 20 CFR 10.520 - How does OWCP determine compensation after an employee completes a vocational rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... employee completes a vocational rehabilitation program? 10.520 Section 10.520 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT CLAIMS FOR... vocational rehabilitation program? After completion of a vocational rehabilitation program, OWCP may...

  3. 34 CFR 403.140 - What activities does the Secretary support under the State Assistance for Vocational Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION... special prevocational education programs. (5) Career intern programs. (6) Model programs for school dropouts. (7) The assessment of students' needs in relation to vocational education and jobs. (8) Guidance...

  4. Towards a Better Understanding of Sickness Absence in Adolescence: A Qualitative Study among Dutch Intermediate Vocational Education Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanneste, Yvonne T M; Feron, Frans J M; van Mook, Marlieke A W; de Rijk, Angelique

    2017-01-01

    An adequate approach to sickness absence can reduce school dropout which is a major problem in Intermediate Vocational Education (IVE). This practice-based study explores the sickness absence reasons and factors influencing reporting the sickness, from a student's perspective. Semistructured interviews were held until saturation. Data were collected and analysed by a multidisciplinary research team including youth health care physicians working with IVE students. The results show that, according to the students, reasons for sickness reporting were health-related or related to problems at home or in school. Students view their sickness absence as necessity, as asking for understanding, or as pardonable. Their views depended on (1) the perception of medical legitimacy, (2) feeling able to take their own responsibility, (3) feeling being taken seriously at school, and (4) the perception that the sickness reporting procedure at school is anonymous and easy. In conclusion, reporting sickness seems more a reaction to a necessity or opportunity than the result of a conscious decision-making process. Personalizing the sickness reporting procedures and demonstrating interest rather than control while discussing the sickness absence with the individual IVE student might very well affect their sickness absence levels.

  5. Levels of crystalline silica dust in dental laboratorium of Dental Health Technology Study Program of Vocational Faculty, Universitas Airlangga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eny Inayati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Silicosis is an occupational lung disease caused by inhaling particles of crystalline silica in a long time. The disease then results in inflammation and defects in lung tissue. Prosthesis construction is usually conducted in dental laboratory using a lot of materials containing crystalline silica, such as gypsum, ceramics, planting material, sandblast and others. Purpose: This research aims to determine levels of crystalline silica dust in the dental laboratory of Dental Health Technology Diploma Study Program, Vocational Faculty, Universitas Airlangga. Method: Three measurement points was determined, namely point 1, point 2 and point 3 in each dental laboratory space (I and II. Suctioning dust was performed at those points using Low Volume Dust Sampler (LVDS. Samples taken were divided into two groups, namely X and Y. Taking dust samples were carried out for 30 minutes. Elements of crystalline silica contained in the dust were quantitatively measured using XR Defractometry tool, while size and morphology of silica were measured using SEM EDX tool. Data obtained were statistically analyzed by paired t test. Result: The results showed significant differences in the levels of the total dust measured and crystalline silica in the form of quartz and cristobalite among those two dental laboratory spaces. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the levels of the total dust and silica quartz dust in the dental laboratory spaces I and II were greater than the Threshold Limit Value (TLV determined.

  6. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MENTAL TOUGHNESS, STRESS, AND BURNOUT AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY WITH SWISS VOCATIONAL STUDENTS (.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Markus; Feldmeth, Anne Karina; Lang, Christin; Brand, Serge; Elliot, Catherine; Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith; Pühse, Uwe

    2015-12-01

    Past research has shown that higher stress is associated with increased burnout symptoms. The purpose of this study was to test whether mental toughness protects against symptoms of burnout and whether mental toughness moderates the relationship between perceived stress and burnout over time. Fifty-four vocational students (M age = 18.1 yr., SD = 1.2; 27 males, 27 females) completed self-report questionnaires twice, 10 mo. apart. Perceived stress, mental toughness, and burnout were measured using the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ), the Mental Toughness Questionnaire (MTQ), and the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM). Students who perceived higher stress and lower mental toughness scores reported higher burnout symptoms. Although no significant interaction effects were found between stress and mental toughness in the prediction of burnout, the graphical inspection of the interactions indicated that among students with high stress, those with high mental toughness remained below the cutoff for mild burnout, whereas an increase in burnout symptoms was observable among peers with low mental toughness.

  7. 高职院校男生文科类课程学习探讨%Analysis on Study Liberal Arts Courses for Boys in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴施意

    2016-01-01

    there is always a big problem of male students in higher vocational colleges in learning liberal arts courses. The psy-chological and physiological characteristics of boys and the different focusing degree of liberal arts teachers result in the declining lib-eral arts learning efficiency for higher vocational college boys. Exploring the causes of such phenomenon, try to give some opinions and methods from the practice angle of liberal arts courses in Higher Vocational Colleges, which will supply some help in liberal arts study for college boys.%高职院校男生文科类课程的学习一直存在很大问题。由于男生的生理心理特点和文科类课程各教师的重视程度不同,造成了男生在高职院校的文科学习效率日趋下降。探究此类现象产生的原因,并尝试从文科类课程学习的实践角度给出一些意见和方法,对高职院校男生的文科学习提供帮助。

  8. Alaska Department of Fish and Game Juneau, Alaska: South Central Moose Population Studies

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A study aiming to delineate populations and subpopulations of moose on the west side of the lower Susitna Valley and to assess their seasonal movement patterns

  9. 34 CFR 429.1 - What is the Bilingual Vocational Materials, Methods, and Techniques Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Bilingual Vocational Materials, Methods, and Techniques Program? 429.1 Section 429.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BILINGUAL...

  10. A Study on the Effects of English Teachers'Nonverbal Behavior on the Classroom Teaching in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡兰珍; 赵志霞

    2015-01-01

    The two main communications between the teacher and students in the classroom teaching are teachers'verbal and nonverbal behavior.The teachers teach students knowledge in words and convey a large amount of information using nonverbal behavior.These nonverbal behavior exert a subtle influence on the students,thus affect the classroom teaching.The English teachers'classroom nonverbal behavior in a higher vocational college in Gansu province was investigated through question-naires.The results indicate that the teachers'behaviors affect the different aspects of students and then influence the effective-ness of teaching on English classroom teaching in higher vocational college.

  11. 高职学生实训学习动机调查的实证研究--以厦门高职工业设计专业为例%An Empirical Study on the Investigation of Students′Learning Motivation in Higher Vocational Colleges:A Case Study of Industrial Design Major in Xiamen Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高岑

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, with the rapid expansion of the scale in the higher vocational education, many deep-seated problems are beginning to highlight, especially that students in the vocational colleges lack of subjective initiative about their learning, relax themselves, can not handle the proportion of theory and practice study well and other issues, which in a considerable degree affect the whole training quality of higher vocational education. This paper attempts to draw on the theory of modern learning motivation, using empirical analysis method to interpret the motivation and reason analysis of vocational college students of industrial design major in the training study. From several aspects that students in higher vocational colleges should have a clear self-identity and get rid of the secular ideas;higher vocational colleges should improve career education and guide students to form a correct concept of employment and have a good career planning;training should improve studentsˊ professional skills, enhance the sense of identity, and promote employment success rate, higher vocational studentsˊcorrect training learning motivation has been shaped in order to find ways of promoting higher vocational college studentsˊlearning enthusiasm and initiative, improving learning methods and learning interests, to solve the problem of higher vocational school studentsˊlearning difficulties caused by the lack of learning motivation, and to achieve the expansion of the scale of higher vocational education and the quality promotion at the same time.%如今高等职业教育的规模迅猛扩张,诸多深层次的问题凸显,尤其是高职在校学生学习主观能动性不足,放松自我要求,实践与理论学习比例拿捏不准等问题在相当大程度上影响着整体高职教育的培养质量。本文试图借鉴现代学习动机理论,运用实证分析方法解读工业设计专业的高职学生在实训学习中呈现的动机及原因分析。从高

  12. 高职院校创业教育改革探索%A study of reforming entrepreneurship education at higher vocational college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓辉

    2011-01-01

    开展创业教育是高职院校培养复合型人才的重要途径,通过建立完善的创业教育课程体系、加强师资队伍建设、加大学生社会实践力度、加强政府相关部门对高职院校创业教育的支持以及鼓励学生参加创业大赛等方法,可以使创业教育真正实现培养人才的目标。%Entrepreneurship education at higher vocational colleges is an important way of cultivating the all-round talents.Establishing a perfect course system of entrepreneurship education,strengthening construction of a teaching team,promoting students to take part in practice work,reinforcing the support from the relevant government departments to entrepreneurship education at higher vocational college,and encouraging students to participate in competition of innovation and entrepreneurship will help to attain the goal of cultivating talents by entrepreneurship education.

  13. Study on relationship between mental health and health risk behaviors among nursing students of secondary vocational ;school%中职护理学生心理健康与健康危险行为的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰; 吴小波; 覃于洪

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究中职护理学生心理健康状况与相关健康危险行为的关系。方法采用分层整群随机抽样方法对重庆某中职卫生学校护理专业2013、2014级1650名中职护理学生进行心理健康状况与健康危险行为调查。结果中职护理学生总体心理问题阳性检出率为32.5%(537/1650);城市生源学生心理健康状况优于农村生源学生,2013级学生心理健康状况优于2014级学生;有心理问题护理学生发生健康危险行为的比例均高于无心理问题学生。不健康饮食、缺乏大强度运动、吸烟、自杀意念、有网络成瘾倾向等健康危险行为是发生心理问题的危险因素。结论心理健康状况与健康危险行为之间有关联,许多健康危险行为是心理问题的危险因素,有关部门应加强对中职护理学生的心理健康教育,积极开展健康危险行为的干预活动,促进中职护理学生身心的健康发展。%Objective To study the relationship between the mental health status and health risk behaviors among nursing students of secondary vocational school. Methods A total of 1 650 nursing students in the grade 2013 and 2014 of a secondary vocational school were performed the investigation by using the stratified cluster random sampling method. Results The total positive detection rate of mental problems in nursing students of secondary vocational school was 32.5%(537/1 650);the mental health status of urban students was better than that of rural students ,which of the grade 2013 students was superior to the grade 2014 students;the proportion of the students with health risk behavior occurrence was higher than that of the students without mental problems. Unhealthy dietary,lack of high intensity exercise,smoking,suicidal idea and internet addiction tendency were the risk factors for mental problem occurrence. Conclusion The mental health status has a relation with health risk behaviors. Many health

  14. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes...... attempt to summarise the various effects that the colleges have in two relevant figures, namely retention rates of students and employment rates among students who have completed training programmes....

  15. Potential and barrier study. Energy efficiency in Norwegian vocational buildings; Potensial- og barrierestudie. Energieffektivisering i norske yrkesbygg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehn, Trond Ivar; Palm, Linn Therese; Bakken, Line; Nossum, Aase; Jordell, Hanne

    2012-07-01

    On behalf of Enova SF, Multiconsult AS and Analyse og Strategi AS conducted an analysis to identify potential and barriers related to commercial buildings energy performance. The aim of this study was to determine what is the potential for energy efficiency for Norwegian vocational buildings that distinguishes between theoretical, technical, financial and real potential. Technical potential is the percentage of the theoretical potential that is technically feasible. Economic potential is the proportion of technical potential that is economically profitable to implement. Economic potential varies with the energy price. Build a small part of the total potential in 2020. In the calculation of the real potential is taken into account induced potential in terms of that, each year, a percentage actually implementing energy conservation measures (energy efficiency ratio 2%), a percentage rehabilitating / upgrading existing buildings (rehab rate 1.5%), and that a proportion of new buildings built better than regulatory requirements (rate 10%). In real potential for energy efficiency is the proportion of the economic potential that is not natural triggered but which is limited by various barriers. In real potential also varies with energy price. Respondents in our study is particularly concerned with the economic barriers, and least concerned the technical barriers. Attitudes and knowledge barriers are also very important. Lack of knowledge the effects and benefits of energy efficiency means that negative attitudes persist and that myths about the lack of profitability continues to exist. Many believe this is due to lack the knowledge and can be the cause of other types of barriers such as economic barriers. It has been analyzed which part of the real potential bounded by the barriers, and which type of institutions in society that can reduce these barriers with various categories of instrument. Main barriers for existing buildings practical barriers, economic barriers and

  16. The Study of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Needs of Dairy and Cooking Oil Producing Companies in Tehran Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbari, Lotfali

    2015-01-01

    Education is not merely provision of information from trainer to learner, but the point is that this person requires practical educations for some of its tasks. By considering industrialization of manufacturing processes, economic development cannot happen without considering the Technical and vocational education and training (TVET). Since the…

  17. Efficacy Expectations and Vocational Interests as Mediators between Sex and Choice of Math/Science College Majors: A Longitudinal Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapan, Richard T.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Path analysis of data from 101 students before college and after declaring majors demonstrated the importance of math self-efficacy beliefs and vocational interests in predicting math/science majors. The more extroverted and those with artistic interests were less likely to major in math/science. Aspirations had solidified before college,…

  18. 38 CFR 1.517 - Disclosure of vocational rehabilitation and education information to educational institutions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rehabilitation and education information to educational institutions cooperating with the Department of Veterans... Disclosure of vocational rehabilitation and education information to educational institutions cooperating with the Department of Veterans Affairs. Requests from educational institutions and...

  19. Vocational Guidance for Everyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Describes some of the current problems of vocational guidance, summarizes relevant knowledge and theory in the field, and offers some practical plans for a coordinated, theoretically compatible group of vocational programs, services, and experiences for a high school. (Author/JM)

  20. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  1. Regional gray matter correlates of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeder David H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have identified brain areas related to cognitive abilities and personality, respectively. In this exploratory study, we extend the application of modern neuroimaging techniques to another area of individual differences, vocational interests, and relate the results to an earlier study of cognitive abilities salient for vocations. Findings First, we examined the psychometric relationships between vocational interests and abilities in a large sample. The primary relationships between those domains were between Investigative (scientific interests and general intelligence and between Realistic (“blue-collar” interests and spatial ability. Then, using MRI and voxel-based morphometry, we investigated the relationships between regional gray matter volume and vocational interests. Specific clusters of gray matter were found to be correlated with Investigative and Realistic interests. Overlap analyses indicated some common brain areas between the correlates of Investigative interests and general intelligence and between the correlates of Realistic interests and spatial ability. Conclusions Two of six vocational-interest scales show substantial relationships with regional gray matter volume. The overlap between the brain correlates of these scales and cognitive-ability factors suggest there are relationships between individual differences in brain structure and vocations.

  2. Organizational factors affecting length of stay in the emergency department: initial observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashkin, Osnat; Caspi, Sigalit; Haligoa, Rachel; Mizrahi, Sari; Stalnikowicz, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Length of stay (LOS) is considered a key measure of emergency department throughput, and from the perspective of the patient, it is perceived as a measure of healthcare service quality. Prolonged LOS can be caused by various internal and external factors. This study examined LOS in the emergency department and explored the main factors that influence LOS and cause delay in patient care. Observations of 105 patients were performed over a 3-month period at the emergency room of a community urban hospital. Observers monitored patients from the moment of entrance to the department until discharge or admission to another hospital ward. Analysis revealed a general average total emergency department LOS of 438 min. Significant differences in average LOS were found between admitted patients (Mean = 544 min, SD = 323 min) and discharged patients (Mean = 291 min, SD = 286 min). In addition, nurse and physician change of shifts and admissions to hospital wards were found to be significant factors associated with LOS. Using an Ishikawa causal diagram, we explored various latent organizational factors that may prolong this time. The study identified several factors that are associated with high average emergency department LOS. High LOS may lead to increases in expenditures and may have implications for patient safety, whereas certain organizational changes, communication improvement, and time management may have a positive effect on it. Interdisciplinary methods can be used to explore factors causing prolonged emergency department LOS and contribute to a better understanding of them.

  3. E - INFORMATION SEARCH STRATEGY BY FACULTY OF SCIENCE DEPARTMENT, NORTH ORISSA UNIVERSITY: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babita Pattanaik

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the internet searching habit and information-seeking behaviour of faculty members of science department of North Orissa University. This is based on the case study method. A structured questionnaire has been formulated and distributed among all the faculty members of science department at North Orissa University (NOU in order to ascertain their web searching habit. The findings of such study would put light on the important data and insight into the current state of practices of faculties in the department and their understanding about information searching process on internet. The outcome and suggestions of the study would be beneficial for them to take appropriate measures to improve their web searching skills.

  4. Extended Teams in vocational education: Slow starters but worth the wait

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mazereeuw, Marco; McKenney, Susan; Wopereis, Iwan

    2015-01-01

    This study was undertaken due to the notorious frustrations of vocational educators and workplace supervisors concerning (mis)alignment between school and work contexts. Extended teams, consisting of vocational teachers and workplace supervisors, were established to share responsibility for the

  5. Why patients self-refer to the Emergency Department: A qualitative interview study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraaijvanger, N.; Rijpsma, D.; Willink, L.; Lucassen, P.L.; Leeuwen, H. van; Edwards, M.J.

    2017-01-01

    RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: There have been multiple studies investigating reasons for patients to self-refer to the Emergency Department (ED). The majority made use of questionnaires and excluded patients with urgent conditions. The goal of this qualitative study is to explore what motives

  6. Theory of secondary vocational English project teaching method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梅

    2016-01-01

    Under the impetus of the rapid development of science and technology and economy,Social productivity level and greatly enhance people's quality of life,education level also got further development.Under the influence of the globalization development trend,English gradually become the most widely used foreign language of people daily life. Secondary vocational English is a public basic course of secondary vocational school students, as an important part of secondary vocational students training plan, has received the widespread attention.In this study, secondary vocational English project teaching method is briefly discussed.

  7. [Patient satisfaction in the outpatient department--a pilot study for customer satisfaction in ENT].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, K; Meyer, J; Jahnke, I; Wollenberg, B; Schmidt, C

    2009-03-01

    Customer satisfaction in German hospitals is becoming more important because of increasing competition in the healthcare market. Because the majority of patients with ear-nose-throat (ENT) problems are treated in an outpatient setting, this competition is not only taking place among hospitals but also among specialists in private practices. To assess patient preferences, reliable and valid questionnaires are necessary, which so far exist only for inpatients. The aim of the study was to develop an instrument with which to discover areas for potential improvement of the outpatient department. The questionnaire was developed according to the guidelines of the EORTC and tested in a prestudy. During the time of observation, 98 patients were available, of whom 79 could be included in the study. The return rate was 71%. Of these patients, 18 were female and 38 male; the median age was 56 years. There were no differences between the study group and the yearly clinic average in terms of age, gender, or ratio of tumor patients. Patients mainly complained about waiting times in the outpatient department and diagnostic units as well as high patient turnover. Concerning positive aspects, patients mentioned the medical competence of the treating physicians; concerning negative aspects, the building infrastructure was noted. The questionnaire showed sufficient psychometric properties and helped find areas for improvement in the outpatient department. However, a complete picture of the department will be feasible only with repeated measures, especially when taking steps to improve the department's processes.

  8. 高职院校深入推行职业资格证书制度的策略研究%Study on Strategies of How to Implement Vocational Qualification System in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶济东

    2012-01-01

    职业资格证书制度在高职院校的推行还存在只重数量、不重质量和职业标准尚未有机融入教学体系等问题。高职院校应该认真反思,避免盲目追求"双证率",做好系统设计,整体推进这一改革,精心挑选适宜的职业资格证书,积极参与新职业标准的开发,构建"双证融通"的课程体系,将职业标准有机融入课程标准,同时将学生的职业资格证书折算成学分并给予奖励。%The paper points out that in higher vocational colleges, students are required to gain at least one vocational qualification certificate before their graduation regardless of their specialty. Thus, the number of student accredited vocational qualification is seen increasing recently, but some of the qualifications may not be what students need or may be irrelevant to the job they are going to do after graduation or their field. Therefore, the paper suggests that higher vocational colleges should reflect on these problems and design a scheme for the implementation of the vocational qual- ification system, offering students guidance on how to choose the right vocational qualification. Meanwhile, they need to take an active part in the development of new occupational standard and reconstruct their curriculum package, integrating the occupational standard into the curriculum standard and rewarding student with credits for obtaining vocational qualification.

  9. Using Cost-Benefit Analysis to Determine Profitability of Secondary Vocational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navaratnam, K. K.; And Others

    A major challenge confronting vocational educators is to justify programs in economic terms. The purpose of this study was to propose and implement a cost-benefit analysis model to determine the economic outcomes of secondary vocational education programs at the local level. For the study, a cost-benefit model for secondary vocational education…

  10. Bridging the Gap between Work and Education in Vocational Education and Training: A study of Norwegian Apprenticeship Training Offices and E-portfolio Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hæge Nore

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gap between work and education, they seem to maintain a system of two parallel learning arenas. However, the article summarizes the innovative effects of these transformations as supportive structures for expansive apprenticeship. The study is based on data from a national project on quality assessment, which is supported by documentary evidence from e-portfolios in three different trades: plumbing, industrial mechanics and sales.

  11. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  12. A Study of Students’ Achievement Evaluation Modes Based on Practical Courses concerning Higher Vocational Gardening Technology Major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jimin MA

    2016-01-01

    True,objective and impartial course and achievement evaluation is the requirement of modern higher vocational education,and can avoid " high scores and low abilities" of students to the maximum. This article focuses on expounding the " two connections and five combinations" dual evaluation modes of higher vocational gardening technology major students’ achievement on practical courses,namely connection between major and industry; connection between achievement and occupation; combination of on-campus and off-campus teachers’ evaluation;combination of process and results evaluation; combination of course evaluation and professional skill appraisal; combination of students’ selfevaluation and teachers’ evaluation; combination of examination paper and non-examination paper evaluation; combination of group and individual evaluation.

  13. The role of information technology in empowering the Technical and Vocational University students in entrepreneurial skills through Futures Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azadeh Vahdani Reshvanlooee

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Today, the tempo and growth of technological evolution has helped outstanding development in the world of science to happen. The emergence of modern technology has influenced the evolution of educational system of universities and higher-education institutions. Thus, the role of universities, with their social responsibilities and commitment, in satisfying the industrial and technological requirements of development must be emphasized. Here, the three missions of a university, that is, education, research, and service rendering in line with the social commitment and responsibilities for industrial and technological development is required to be concentrated and studied. Thanks to the missions they have, universities can serve as the nerve system for human societies because of the fact that they enjoy an endless source of knowledge which industry and technology can benefit from and share. Hence, it appears that one cannot achieve the goals by relying solely on the traditional framework of planning and reconstructing the cause; rather, it is required that modern and efficient approaches be employed to restructure and help gain excellence through establishing an institution where it can, by rendering services and products to the society, generate valuable results for the society. The purpose of the present study was to emphasize the necessity and significance of futures studies and to investigate the role information technology in empowering the technical and vocational university students in their entrepreneurial skills to develop business and work since experience has shown that the success of an organization depends on properly and duly understanding the environmental variables, predicting the threats and opportunities, and preparing the groundwork to achieve the goals set. Moreover, understanding and acquiring the required skills appropriately and overcoming the potential threats in the long term can help provide innovative and desirable

  14. Trauma in elderly patients evaluated in a hospital emergency department in Konya, Turkey: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kara H

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Hasan Kara,1 Aysegul Bayir,1 Ahmet Ak,1 Murat Akinci,1 Necmettin Tufekci,1 Selim Degirmenci,1 Melih Azap21Department of Emergency Medicine, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey; 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Konya Numune Hospital, Konya, TurkeyPurpose: Trauma is a common cause of admission to the hospital emergency department. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cause of admission, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients aged ≥65 years admitted to an emergency department in Turkey because of blunt trauma.Materials and methods: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 568 patients (314 women and 254 men aged ≥65 years who were admitted to an emergency department of a tertiary care hospital.Results: Trauma was caused by low-energy fall in 379 patients (67%, traffic accident in 79 patients (14%, high-energy fall in 69 patients (12%, and other causes in 41 patients (7%. The most frequent sites of injury were the lower extremity, thorax, upper extremity, and head. The femur was the most frequent fracture site. After evaluation in the emergency department, 377 patients (66% were hospitalized. There were 31 patients (5% who died. Risk of hospitalization after trauma was significantly associated with trauma to the lower extremity, thorax, and spine; fractures of the femur and rib; and intracranial injury.Conclusion: Emergency department admission after trauma in patients aged $65 years is common after low-energy falls, and most injuries occur to the extremities. It is important to focus on prevention of falls to decrease the frequency of trauma in the elderly.Keywords: fall, femur, fracture, injury

  15. Factors Effecting Studies in the Department of Industrial Informatics of the Kavala Institute of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Polychronidou

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Information regarding students’ and education institutes’ progress is a barometer for the overall prestige of the education system in Greece. Scientific community, the relative ministries and the society demand the evaluation of students and education institutes. Higher education studies are one of the most important level of education in Greece and compose important time in the lives of young scientists. A long deliberation took place during the last years regarding the time that is consuming for higher education and whether it should be unlimited or it should be limited to an upper limit. Recently, a rule of (2ν+1 for the upper limit of studies has been set by the Greek state. The pass-mark of 10 has been abolished and a deliberation for possible integration and abolishment of departments has started. In this paper, we study data regarding duration of studies in the department of Industrial Informatics of the Kavala Institute of Technology. The goal of this study is to extract important conclusions for the students’ progress and for their evaluation for the department. The final conclusions can become an important tool for the department, in order to make the necessary actions for its better function.

  16. 高职英语反思性教学研究%Reflective teaching in higher vocational English study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓉

    2015-01-01

    反思性教学作为近年来在国内外教育界极为重要的教育理论,在高职英语教学中也占有重要地位,对教师的专业发展有着重要意义.笔者联系自己的教学实践对高职英语反思性教学的内容、重要性、方法途径和注意事项等进行分析,探讨反思性教学在高职英语教学中的运用.%In recent years, the reflective teaching education is an important education theory both at home and abroad, also occupies an important position in the higher vocational English teaching, the teachers' professional development has important significance. Contact the author own teaching practice in higher vocational English content of reflective teaching, importance, methods, approaches and considerations such as analysis, discusses the application of reflective teaching in the higher vocational English teaching.

  17. An Analysis of Differential Benefits from Vocational Training. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    The objectives of this study were to find out how the characteristics of students and their training affect the rate of return to investment in vocational training, how they affect the earnings of trainees, and how vocational training influences the distribution of income among educational groups. The data were collected in a previous study and…

  18. Development of Procedures for Assessing the Impact of Vocational Education Research and Development on Vocational Education (Project IMPACT). Volume 4--A Case Study of Illinois Projects in Horticulture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Colin; Ethridge, James

    As part of Project IMPACT's efforts to identify and develop procedures for complying with the impact requirements of Public Law 94-482, a case study was made of Illinois Projects in Horticulture. Fourteen horticulture projects in high schools and junior colleges were discovered through a previous study, personal interviews with two University of…

  19. Geodetic and Geodynamic Studies at Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy Wut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brzeziński Aleksander

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents current issues and research work conducted in the Department of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy at the Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography at Warsaw University of Technology. It contains the most important directions of research in the fields of physical geodesy, satellite measurement techniques, GNSS meteorology, geodynamic studies, electronic measurement techniques and terrain information systems.

  20. Natural Environment Exploration Approach: The Case Study in Department of Biology, Universitas Negeri Semarang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alimah, Siti; Susilo, Herawati; Amin, Moh

    2016-01-01

    The study reports the evaluation and analysis of the implementation of the Nature Environment Exploration approach in the Department of Biology, Universitas Negeri Semarang State University. The method used was survey method. The results showed that the implementation of the Nature Environment Exploration approach was still far from optimal…

  1. The Status of Environmental Studies in United States and Canadian Geography Departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klee, Gary A.

    1982-01-01

    A 30-item questionnaire was mailed to 325 geography departments (206 returned) to determine status of environmental studies curricula-courses. Areas addressed and discussed include nature of institutions, enrollment trends, environmental courses within geography curricula, academics/career objectives of courses, job placement records, other…

  2. Factors influencing the implementation of the guideline Triage in emergency departments : A qualitative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, M.A.P.; Achterberg, Theo van; Adriaansen, Marian; Mintjes, Joke; Schalk, D.M.J.; Kampshoff, C.S.

    2012-01-01

    This is an exploratory study using a qualitative design including: a questionnaire sent to all emergency departments in the Netherlands (n = 108): four focus group interviews, including nurses and ward managers and in-depth interviews with ward managers and doctors. Based on the results, tailored im

  3. Current Study Situation of Higher Vocational Students and Countermeasures%浅谈高职院校学生学习现状及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏勇

    2014-01-01

    Under the background of vigorous vocational education development in our country, whether the quality of higher vocational students can meet the needs of the market has become an important issue for a school‘s survival and development. In this paper, the current status of China's higher vocational colleges study are analyzed, and the corresponding countermeasures are proposed so as to improve students’ learning initiative and help them get consistence with the social needs in theoretical knowledge and practical skills, and enable them to adapt to the needs of economic development and become highly skilled personnel.%在国家大力发展职业教育的背景下,高职院校培养的学生质量能否满足市场的需求,已成为一个关乎学校生存和发展的重要问题。本文对目前我国高职院校学习的现状进行了分析,并提出了相应的对策,以期达到提高学生学习的主动性,使其获得与社会需求相一致的理论知识和实践技能,才能使他们在走上工作岗位时适应经济发展需要,成为社会需要的高技能型人才。

  4. 新时期社会思潮对高职学生思想影响及对策研究--基于Q校的个案研究%A case study of the influence of social thought in new era on the vocational students and the relative countermeasures based on vocational col lege Q

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红禄; 梁茼

    2014-01-01

    社会思潮的多元化在高校对高职学生的影响是多角度的,并呈现差异化特点。伴随着社会开放程度的加深和互联网络的发展,社会思潮主要借助课堂教学和新媒体等渠道,由不同层面对学生施加现实影响。社会思潮多元化的存在及其特点,以及高职生思维特征等,对于我们研究新时期社会思潮对于大学生的影响具有重要意义。%The diversified social thought has the influence on the vocational students,which is not only multi-perspective,but also differentiated.With the developments of the open society and the internet media,the social thought will exert the real influence on the vocational students depending on the class teaching and the new media.It is so important for us to study the diversification of social thought and its characters that we should emphasize on the motivated ideological and political education and the fostered popularization of Marxism in vocational colleges according to the vocational students’thinking.

  5. Study on Present Development of Academic Research in Higher Vocational Colleges and Necessity of Relying on Scientific and Academic Research to Rejuvenate Higher Vocational Education%高职科研形势分析和实施“科研兴校”战略之必然

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进思

    2012-01-01

    The four major responsibilities of higher vocational education are training qualified workforce, undertaking scientific and academic research project, serving the social development and inheriting and passing on culture. To higher vocational colleges, the paper maintains that training qualified workforce is the core and the most important, while the scientific and academic research is the supporting force, serving social development is the ultimate objective, passing on culture is the fundamental responsibility. After studying the recent development of scientific and academic research in higher vocation colleges, the paper puts forward that the scientific and academic research is growing in importance, con- sidering which researchers and scholars should be motivated to devote themselves to the academic research. Finally, it elaborates on the necessity of relying on scientific and academic research to rejuvenate higher vocational education.%高职教育四大职能:"培养人才、科学研究、社会服务、文化传承",人才培养是核心,科学研究是支撑,社会服务是需要,文化传承是根本,科研工作的重要地位日益明显。为了提高高职教育工作者的科研积极性,文章分析了高职当前科研工作形势,阐述了实施"科研兴校"战略的必然要求。

  6. A Brief Study on the Communicative Language Teaching Used in Vocational College English class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘定勇; 周静

    2013-01-01

    The Communicative Approach is an approach to foreign or second language teaching which emphasizes that the goal of language learning is communicative competence. This paper presents an analytical study of the communicative Language teaching at many levels.

  7. Hospitalization and emergency department visits among seniors receiving homecare: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abernathy Tom

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the recent growth in home health services, data on clinical outcomes and acute health care utilization among older adults receiving homecare services are sparse. Obtaining such data is particularly relevant in Ontario where an increasing number of frail seniors receiving homecare are awaiting placement in long-term care facilities. In order to determine the feasibility of a large-scale study, we conducted a pilot study to assess utilization of acute health care services among seniors receiving homecare to determine associated clinical outcomes. Methods This prospective cohort study followed forty-seven seniors admitted to homecare by two homecare agencies in Hamilton, Ontario over a 12-month period. Demographic information and medical history were collected at baseline, and patients were followed until either termination of homecare services, death, or end of study. The primary outcome was hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included emergency department visits that did not result in hospitalization and death. Rates of hospitalization and emergency department visits without admission were calculated, and univariate analyses were performed to test for potential risk factors. Survival curves for accumulative rates of hospitalization and emergency department visits were created. Results 312 seniors were eligible for the study, of which 123 (39% agreed to participate initially. After communicating with the research nurse, of the 123 who agreed to participate initially, 47 (38% were enrolled in the study. Eleven seniors were hospitalized during 3,660 days of follow-up for a rate of 3.0 incident hospitalizations per 1,000 homecare-days. Eleven seniors had emergency department visits that did not result in hospitalization, for a rate of 3.3 incident emergency department visits per 1,000 homecare-days. There were no factors significantly associated with hospitalization or emergency department visits when adjustment was made

  8. Prospective Study of the Elder Self-Neglect and Emergency Department Use in a Community Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, XinQi; Simon, Melissa A.; Evans, Denis

    2011-01-01

    Purpose This study aims to quantify the relation between elder self-neglect and rate of emergency department utilization in a community-dwelling population. Methods A prospective population-based study is conducted in a geographically-defined community in Chicago of community-dwelling older adults who participated in the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Of the 6,864 participants in the Chicago Health and Aging Project, 1,165 participants were reported to social services agency for suspected elder self-neglect. The primary predictor was elder self-neglect reported to social services agency. The outcome of interest was the annual rate of emergency department utilization obtained from the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Poisson regression models were used to assess these longitudinal relationships. Results The average annual rate of emergency department visits for those without elder self-neglect was 0.6 (1.3) and for those with reported elder self-neglect was 1.9 (3.4). After adjusting for sociodemographics, socioeconomic variables, medical conditions, cognitive and physical function, elders who self-neglect had significantly higher rates of emergency department utilization (RR, 1.42, 95% CI, 1.29–1.58). Greater self-neglect severity (Mild: PE=0.27, SE=0.04, pself-neglect was associated with increased rates of emergency department utilization in this community population. Greater self-neglect severity was associated with a greater increase in the rate of emergency department utilization. PMID:21411263

  9. A question of value: a qualitative study of vocational dental practitioners' views on oral healthcare systems and their future careers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Jennifer E; Clarke, Wendy; Eaton, Kenneth A; Wilson, Nairn H F

    2009-01-01

    New dental graduates in England and Wales spend one year as vocational dental practitioners (VDPs) preparing for independent clinical practice. In recent years, they have entered a state-funded healthcare system undergoing the greatest period of change since the inception of the National Health Service (NHS) and a profession in which there has been a significant shift of care to the private sector. Against this background, the objectives of this study were to investigate VDPs' vision of their future professional career and the influences that will impact on their choice of state-funded (NHS) and/or private dentistry, and to identify what factors may attract graduates to work for the NHS. In 2004/2005, purposive sampling of a range of VDP training schemes across England and Wales was used to select the VDPs from ten schemes to take part in focus groups. To standardise data collection, a topic guide was used. Respondents' views were recorded on tape and field notes. The data were transcribed and analysed using framework methodology. Ninety-nine VDPs from all parts of England and Wales participated in ten focus groups. They identified three main categories of future practice: private, state-funded (NHS), and mixed. Private practice was perceived as providing 'professional independence', 'financial reward', 'time with patients' and 'clinical freedom'. NHS practice was associated with 'providing access to specialist training' and 'gaining clinical experience', often as preparation for private practice. Providing NHS care was attractive for VDPs who valued the ethos of public service. The VDPs considered that NHS practice could be made more attractive to young dentists by a range of factors, involving the funding, culture and philosophy of the system and the degree of fit with their personal and professional vision. They reported that they would welcome 'incentives to work in areas of high need', 'assistance with debt' and a 'culture of valuing NHS dentists'. The

  10. Dentistry – a professional contained career in healthcare. A qualitative study of Vocational Dental Practitioners' professional expectations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eaton Kenneth A

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background New graduates in the UK presently spend one year in training as Vocational Dental Practitioners (VDPs in preparation for primary dental care. There is a growing recognition that the emerging workforce has very different professional expectations to those of earlier generations, with implications for the profession, patients and the performance of health systems. The objectives of this study were to investigate why VDPs' in England and Wales perceive they chose dentistry as a professional career; how they perceive their vision has changed and the implications for their professional career plans, both short- and longterm. Methods Purposive sampling of schemes was undertaken to include urban, rural and metropolitan schemes, schemes in areas with and without dental schools and geographic coverage across England and Wales. All VDPs in these schemes were initiated to participate in this qualitative study using focus groups. A topic guide was utilised to standardise data collection. Informants' views were recorded on tape and in field notes. Data were transcribed and analysed using Framework Methodology. Results A total of 99 VDPs participated in the 10 focus groups. Their choice of dentistry as a professional career was motivated by multiple categories of influence: 'academic', 'healthcare', 'lifestyle', the influence of 'family', 'friends', 'careers advice' and 'work experience'. Consideration of the features of the 'professional job' appears to have been key to their choice of dentistry and the 'active rejection of medicine' as an alternative career. Entry into the profession was proving a challenging process for some but not all VDPs. Informants perceived that their vision had been moderated as a result of 'personal student debt', 'national workforce initiatives', 'limitations on clinical practice' and the 'cost of additional training'. Short term goals focused around 'recovery from the past' and 'preparation for the future

  11. 78 FR 68987 - Guides for Private Vocational and Distance Education Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... CFR Part 254 Guides for Private Vocational and Distance Education Schools AGENCY: Federal Trade... the ``Guides for Private Vocational and Home Study Schools'') in May 1972, and they became effective... private vocational or distance education schools. The Guides provide the basis for voluntary compliance...

  12. Designing Innovative Learning Environments to Foster Communities of Learners for Students in Initial Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boersma, Annoesjka; ten Dam, Geert; Wardekker, Willem; Volman, Monique

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the concept of "community of learners" was used to improve initial vocational education. The framework of a 'community of learners for vocational orientation' that we present offers both a theoretical understanding of teaching-learning processes in initial vocational education and heuristics for the design of innovative…

  13. Designing Innovative Learning Environments to Foster Communities of Learners for Students in Initial Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boersma, Annoesjka; ten Dam, Geert; Wardekker, Willem; Volman, Monique

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the concept of "community of learners" was used to improve initial vocational education. The framework of a 'community of learners for vocational orientation' that we present offers both a theoretical understanding of teaching-learning processes in initial vocational education and heuristics for the design of innovative…

  14. Does the Vocational Focus of Community Colleges Hinder Students' Educational Attainment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roksa, Josipa

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the effects of vocational focus of community colleges on students' educational attainment. By examining different aspects of vocational education and three distinct student outcomes, the results demonstrate variation in the extent to which institutional focus on vocational training influences students' progress through higher…

  15. Examination of Job Satisfaction of the Medical Vocational High School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayraktar, Hatice Vatansever; Güney, Burcu

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the job satisfaction level of Medical Vocational High School teachers and whether it differs according to different variables. The research was organized in accordance with the screening model. The population of the research was composed of vocational course teachers who worked in Medical Vocational High…

  16. Preferences for Deep-Surface Learning: A Vocational Education Case Study Using a Multimedia Assessment Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, Simon; Robertson, Ian

    2010-01-01

    This research tests the proposition that the integration of a multimedia assessment activity into a Diploma of Events Management program promotes a deep learning approach. Firstly, learners' preferences for deep or surface learning were evaluated using the revised two-factor Study Process Questionnaire. Secondly, after completion of an assessment…

  17. Preferences for Deep-Surface Learning: A Vocational Education Case Study Using a Multimedia Assessment Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamm, Simon; Robertson, Ian

    2010-01-01

    This research tests the proposition that the integration of a multimedia assessment activity into a Diploma of Events Management program promotes a deep learning approach. Firstly, learners' preferences for deep or surface learning were evaluated using the revised two-factor Study Process Questionnaire. Secondly, after completion of an assessment…

  18. Financial compensation and vocational recovery: a prospective study of secondary care neck and back patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hestbæk, Lise; Rasmussen, C; Leboeuf-Yde, C

    2009-01-01

    Financial compensation has been shown to be a negative prognostic factor for pain and disability in patients with neck or low back pain. It is unclear whether this association is causal and to what extent it hampers return to work. The objective of this study was to assess the direct influence...... of a financial compensation process on the ability to remain in regular employment in patients with suspected disc herniation....

  19. National targets, process transformation and local consequences in an NHS emergency department (ED): a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vezyridis, Paraskevas; Timmons, Stephen

    2014-06-13

    In the attempt to reduce waiting times in emergency departments, various national health services have used benchmarking and the optimisation of patient flows. The aim of this study was to examine staff attitudes and experience of providing emergency care following the introduction of a 4 hour wait target, focusing on clinical, organisational and spatial issues. A qualitative research design was used and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 clinical, managerial and administrative staff members working in an inner-city emergency department. A thematic analysis method was employed and NVivo 8 qualitative data analysis software was used to code and manage the emerging themes. The wait target came to regulate the individual and collective timescales of healthcare work. It has compartmentalised the previous unitary network of emergency department clinicians and their workspace. It has also speeded up clinical performance and patient throughput. It has disturbed professional hierarchies and facilitated the development of new professional roles. A new clinical information system complemented these reconfigurations by supporting advanced patient tracking, better awareness of time, and continuous, real-time management of emergency department staff. The interviewees had concerns that this target-oriented way of working forces them to have a less personal relationship with their patients. The imposition of a wait-target in response to a perceived "crisis" of patients' dissatisfaction led to the development of a new and sophisticated way of working in the emergency department, but with deep and unintended consequences. We show that there is a dynamic interrelation of the social and the technical in the complex environment of the ED. While the 4 hour wait target raised the profile of the emergency department in the hospital, the added pressure on clinicians has caused some concerns over the future of their relationships with their patients and colleagues. To

  20. Self-referrals in the emergency department: reasons why patients attend the emergency department without consulting a general practitioner first-a questionnaire study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraaijvanger, N.; Rijpsma, D.; Leeuwen, H. van; Edwards, M.J.R.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To influence self-referral, it is crucial to know a patient's motives to directly visit the emergency department (ED). The goal of this study is to examine motives for self-referral to the ED and compare these motives in relation to appropriateness. METHODS: All self-referred patients vi

  1. Drug Utilization Study in Outpatient Ophthalmology Department of Government Medical College Jammu

    OpenAIRE

    Meenakshi Nehru, K. Kohli, B. Kapoor, P. Sadhotra, V. Chopra, R. Sharma

    2005-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to assess the patterns of prescription and drug utilization bymeasuring WHO delineated drug use indicators. This study was conducted in the PostgraduateDepartment of Pharmacology and Therapeutics in collaboration with the Postgraduate Departmentof Ophthalmology Govt. Medical College Hospital, Jammu. Total number of prescriptions analyzedwere 440 , in which total of 822 drugs were prescribed. Analysis of the prescriptions showed thataverage number of drugs per ...

  2. [Do the effects of inpatient vocational therapy and ergotherapy approaches differ in schizophrenic patients? Results of a controlled multicenter study of the german research network on schizophrenia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Längle, Gerhard; Bayer, Wiltrud; Köster, Margitta; Salize, Hans Joachim; Höhl, Werner; Machleidt, Wielant; Wiedl, Karl H; Buchkremer, Gerhard

    2006-01-01

    For some decades, vocational therapy approaches have been an integral part of inpatient psychiatric treatment of patients with schizophrenia. Like most sociotherapeutic measures, they are largely hypothesis-based. So far, their effectiveness has been subjected to very little scientific scrutiny. The results of a multicenter study in which five vocational therapy models were compared with creativity-oriented ergotherapy in a prospective, randomized control group design are presented. Target criteria were job-relevant skills, psychopathology, general level of functioning, quality of life, self-efficacy, and speed of cognitive performance. 227 patients were enrolled in the study, which was carried out within the framework of the German Research Network on Schizophrenia funded by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF). Multicenter analyses in a pre-post comparison revealed only minimum differences between the experimental and the control group over a four-week intervention period. Job-oriented approaches cannot currently be assumed to be superior to creativity-oriented ergotherapy.

  3. Data Analysis in Vocational/Technical (VOTEC) Manpower and Personnel Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-24

    Experimental Group Appendix 7 .......... T Test for Independent Samples Appendix I .......... Mann-Whitney U - Wilcox .. Rank Sum W Test I Appendix...5.000 X~t* Nde S~d dsT 1.341 zkswnOAzs -1.0"~ ý tSo .25:: 111 35 ’~acLabel ’.?2ut rxeqr.rcy 3acmnt ?4prcxnt ewrz.--c 1 4 5.2 .6 6.6 2 7 9.1 11.5 18.0 3 8...6985 - --- Mann-Whitney 0 - Wilcox " Rank Su= w Test 1I 2 B by STUDYGRP STUDY GROUP DESIGNATI0J Mean Rank Ca¢es 34.24 54 STUDYGRP - I COtrTRO’L GROUP

  4. Prospective Teacher Concerns: A Comparative Study of Departments of English Language Teaching and Language and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mustafa naci kayaoğlu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the

  5. Prospective Teacher Concerns: A Comparative Study of Departments of English Language Teaching and Language and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mustafa naci kayaoğlu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Language teachers in Turkey do not take a standard pre-service education as graduates of English Language Teaching (ELT, linguistics, and translation departments all end up with language teaching profession and this, in turn, results in different teaching needs and concerns. The researchers argue that these different concerns may be one of the underlying causes of chronic language education problems in Turkey, in that Turkish Ministry of National Education does not take into consideration the comparative picture of practicing teachers and composes curricula, teaching materials, and compulsory one-shot professional development activities that all reflect “one size fits all” ideology. Therefore, determining the needs and concerns of pre-service language teachers is of vital importance. The current study has arisen from Griffith’s (2012 call for more larger-scale studies on teacher concerns across different contexts via triangulation. The researchers aim at not only investigating teacher concerns but also painting a much detailed comparative picture between ELT and linguistics department prospective teachers. The researchers target convenience sampling, in the full knowledge that this group will not represent the whole population. However, this type of non-probability sampling can serve well when it is easy to gather much informative data. Building on the recent work of Griffiths (2012, the researchers have modified and extended the existing measurement tool of Griffiths (2012 to investigate the issue much deeper and compensate the caveats. They adapted her instrument and asked the participants to add their thoughts as well as deciding their concern level. The results are mainly in line with the referred study in terms of the rating and frequency. The study reveals that there are some differences between the concerns of ELT department students and language and literature department students. While prospective teachers studying at the

  6. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  7. Predictive Value and Psychological Meaning of Vocational Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    1975-01-01

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a one-year interval (N-624). (Author)

  8. Should I Take French, Physics, or Vocational Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, William; Goecker, Allan

    1974-01-01

    Studies at the Purdue School of Agriculture indicated students who had completed high school vocational agriculture were more likely to complete requirements for a baccalaureate degree in agriculture than those not having vocational agriculture. Agriculture college-bound students should emphasize agriculture, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and…

  9. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  10. Incentive Styles, Asynchronous Online Discussion, and Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shinyi; Chiu, Chou-Kang

    2008-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) is intended to prepare adult learners for careers that are based on practical activities. With the underlying constructivist andragogy, this study intended to examine the effects of computer-mediated group collaboration in vocational education, and how that affects the associated learning outcomes. For…

  11. Collaborative learning in a culturally diverse secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drs. Kennedy Aquilino Tielman; Prof. dr. Perry den Brok; Dr. Rutger van de Sande; Dr. S. Bolhuis

    2010-01-01

    Collaborative learning in a culturally diverse secondary vocational education. By K. Tielman (Fontys), P. den Brok (ESoE), S. Bolhuis (Fontys) and R. van de Sande (Fontys) This contribution discusses a descriptive study on the experiences of students and teachers in secondary vocational education

  12. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  13. Affective Factors in Vocational College Students’English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the vocational college students’ experiences in English learning, classroom activities, attitudes to their English learning and achievements. It aims to find out how to make use of their positive personal factors to improve their English achievement so that both vocational college teachers and students may gain some enlightenment from the study.

  14. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  15. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  16. Factors influencing the implementation of the guideline triage in emergency departments: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Maaike A P; van Achterberg, Theo; Adriaansen, Marian J M; Kampshoff, Caroline S; Schalk, Donna M J; Mintjes-de Groot, Joke

    2012-02-01

    The objectives are: (1) to identify factors that influence the implementation of the guideline Triage in emergency departments [2004] in emergency departments in the Netherlands, and (2) to develop tailored implementation strategies for implementation of this guideline. Guideline dissemination is no guarantee for guideline implementation. In 2004 the guideline Triage in Emergency Departments was disseminated in Dutch hospitals. Guideline revision was scheduled in 2008. Prior to the revision, factors which influenced the implementation of the guideline [2004] were studied to be addressed at the implementation of the revised guideline. This is an exploratory study using a qualitative design including: a questionnaire sent to all emergency departments in the Netherlands (n = 108): four focus group interviews, including nurses and ward managers and in-depth interviews with ward managers and doctors. Based on the results, tailored implementation strategies and activities were suggested which target the identified influencing factors. Various factors at individual, social context and organisational level were identified as influencing the implementation of the 2004 version of the guideline, namely: level of knowledge; insight and skills; work preferences; motivation and/or commitment; support; informed doctors; preliminary work and arrangements for implementation; description of tasks and responsibilities; workload and resources. Ward managers, nurses and doctors mentioned similar as well as different factors. Consequently, tailored implementation strategies and activities related to education, maintenance of change, motivation and consensus-building, information, organisation and facilitation were suggested. Nurses, ward managers and doctors broadly indicated similar influencing factors, although the importance of these factors differed for the different groups. For nurses, resistance and lack of resources are most important, ward managers mentioned culture and doctors

  17. 20 CFR 638.600 - Applied vocational skills training (VST) through work projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) The Job Corps Director shall establish procedures for administering applied vocational skills training... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applied vocational skills training (VST..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Applied...

  18. 职业院校教师的基本素质能力%Study on the Basic Quality and Ability of Vocational Colleges' Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓可洪; 周华

    2014-01-01

    The subject of higher occupational education is the vocational college teachers, therefore, only by constructing a team of teachers with high sense of responsibility as well as professional quality and ability could cultivate skilled, innovative and positive talents with high-quality. This paper makes a study on the quality of the vocational school teachers, which consists of the ideological and political quality, occupation moral quality, professional skills, the quality of academic research, physical and mental quality, etc.%职业教育发展的主体是职业院校的教师,只有建设一支具有高度责任感与使命感、过硬的专业素质、精湛的业务能力的教师队伍,才能培养出具有开拓创新、积极上进的高素质技能型人才。一个合格的职校教师素质由内在能力素质和外在形象素质组成,它包括思想政治素质、职业道德素质、专业技能素质、学术研究素质、身心素质等。

  19. 高职高专英语写作教学策略初探%Preliminary Study on Higher Vocational English Writing Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郦英华

    2011-01-01

    English practical writing is one of the most essential skills that they must have during the college study as well as the most important skill they are expected to have in the employment. The traditional English writing teaching has been limited in many ways, so many students fail to have the ability to write practical letters, such as meeting announcement, E-mail, either they fail to have the ability to communicate with others in written form. The article analyses the current situation of the English writing teaching in Vocational College, puts forward the main problems in the English writing teaching in Vocational College. At last some suggestions about the English writing teaching has been given.%英语应用文写作是高职学生在校期间必须掌握的一项语言实用技能。也是高职外语教学的重要内容。本文通过对高职英语写作教学现状的分析,阐述了高职英语写作教学中存在的主要问题.并提出了实用英语写作教学改革的建议和策略。

  20. Study on Writing Task Design in Vocational College English Classes%高职公共英语写作任务设计探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妍一

    2012-01-01

      There are four basic skills when learning English--listening, speaking, reading and writing. As one of the productive skills, writing is always neglected by vocational college students, thus becoming their weakest of the four skills. Considering the teaching environment and the learning habits of vocational college students, this paper studies the design of writing tasks in and after college English classes, aiming to enhance students' interest of writing, develop their ideas and improve the writing skills.%  在英语学习“听、说、读、写”四项语言技能中,高职学生普遍忽视产出性技能“写作”,因此其成为语言技能中最薄弱的环节。本文根据高职学生所处的教学环境和学习特点,运用任务引领教学模式,设计公共英语课内及课外写作任务,以增强学生写作兴趣,拓展思路,提高其写作能力。

  1. The Study on Integration of Vocational Education BetweenNiddle and High Vocational School in Management of Agricultural Economy%农业经济管理专业中高职教育衔接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国政; 姜桂娟; 李春青

    2014-01-01

    In practice, the integration vocational education between middle and high vocational school has signifi-cance for training the new rural construction and modern agricultural management applied professionals. This article will be analyzed the management of agricultural economy a few problems and puts forward some policy Suggestions in integration vocational education between middle and high vocational school.%实行中、高职专业教育衔接贯通,搭建现代农经专业人才培养中高职直通式立交桥,对于培养新农村建设与现代农业管理应用性专业人才具有重要意义。本文分析了农业经济管理专业中高职教育衔接贯通存在的几个问题,并提出了相应的政策建议。

  2. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  3. Emotional Intelligence, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: A Case Study, English Department Students

    OpenAIRE

    Wiwik Andreani.

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the comparison between English Department students emotional intelligence (EQ), their self-esteem and their academic achievement. Twenty-two students participated in the research by answering EQ test and two Self-Esteem questionnaires. The result shows that there is no relation between students GPA and their self-esteem and EQ. This means that academic ability does not correspond to social skills. Though most students have average EQ and self-esteem, one student has High E...

  4. Attitudes of Students Studying In Health Related Departments towards the Elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sercan Özbek YAZICI

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Negative attitudes towards the elderly may cause decreases in quality health service provided to the elderly. In the study, the aim was to determine attitudes of students studying in health related departments towards the elderly and relationships between the attitudes and various variables were analyzed. In a descriptive study, the sample included nursing, physiotherapy, and elderly care students. Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale (KAOP was used to measure attitudes towards the elderly and Stanley Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory (SEI was used to assess the level of students’ self-esteem. The KOAP mean attitude score of the students was 125.6 ± 14.38 and the students had slightly positive attitudes towards the elderly. Students who were at the age of 20 or over and who were living in the city showed more positive attitudes. The students of the Elderly Care Department had the lowest mean score and there was a significant difference between mean KAOP scores of students at Nursing and Elderly Care Department. Also, weak positive correlation was found between the KAOP and SEI mean scores of students. The results implies that the students are required to enhance their positive attitudes towards the elderly. Therefore, students should be provided a training program that improves the positive attitudes

  5. IPOD Study: Management of Acute Left Colonic Diverticulitis in Italian Surgical Departments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartelli, Massimo; Binda, Gian Andrea; Brandara, Francesco; Borasi, Andrea; Feroci, Francesco; Vadalà, Salvatore; Labricciosa, Francesco M; Birindelli, Arianna; Luridiana, Gianluigi; Coccolini, Federico; Di Saverio, Salomone; Catena, Fausto; Ansaloni, Luca; Campanile, Fabio Cesare; Agresta, Ferdinando; Piazza, Diego

    2017-03-01

    In recent years, the emergency management of acute left colonic diverticulitis (ALCD) has evolved dramatically despite lack of strong evidence. As a consequence, management strategies are frequently guided by surgeon's personal preference, rather than by scientific evidence. The primary aim of IPOD study (Italian Prospective Observational Diverticulitis study) is to describe both the diagnostic and treatment profiles of patients with ALCD in the Italian surgical departments. IPOD study is a prospective observational study performed during a 6-month period (from April 1 2015 to September 1 2015) and including 89 Italian surgical departments. All consecutive patients with suspected clinical diagnosis of ALCD confirmed by imaging and seen by a surgeon were included in the study. The study was promoted by the Italian Society of Hospital Surgeons and the World Society of Emergency Surgery Italian chapter. Eleven hundred and twenty-five patients with a median age of 62 years [interquartile range (IQR), 51-74] were enrolled in the IPOD study. One thousand and fifty-four (93.7%) patients were hospitalized with a median duration of hospitalization of 7 days (IQR 5-10). Eight hundred and twenty-eight patients (73.6%) underwent medical treatment alone, 13 patients had percutaneous drainage (1.2%), and the other 284 (25.2%) patients underwent surgery as first treatment. Among 121 patients having diffuse peritonitis, 71 (58.7%) underwent Hartmann's resection. However, the Hartmann's resection was used even in patients with lower stages of ALCD (36/479; 7.5%) where other treatment options could be more adequate. The IPOD study demonstrates that in the Italian surgical departments treatment strategies for ALCD are often guided by the surgeon's personal preference.

  6. Handbook on Marketing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, William R.

    Compiled after interviews with vocational educators at urban and rural joint vocational schools, comprehensive high schools, and career centers considered to be successful at marketing vocational education locally in Ohio, this handbook contains information on successful marketing activities that other local educators can undertake. Section I…

  7. INL Fleet Vehicle Characterization Study for the U.S. Department of Navy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennett, Brion Dale [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Francfort, James Edward [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Smart, John Galloway [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, managing and operating contractor for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory, is the lead laboratory for U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Vehicle Testing. Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC collected and evaluated data on federal fleet operations as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity’s Federal Fleet Vehicle Data Logging and Characterization Study. The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity’s study seeks to collect and evaluate data to validate use of advanced plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) transportation. This report focuses on US Department of Navy's fleet to identify daily operational characteristics of select vehicles and report findings on vehicle and mission characterizations to support the successful introduction of PEVs into the agency’s fleets. Individual observations of these selected vehicles provide the basis for recommendations related to electric vehicle adoption and whether a battery electric vehicle or plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (collectively referred to as PEVs) can fulfill the mission requirements.

  8. Change in risk status during labor in a large Norwegian obstetric department: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippert, Tonje; Nesje, Ellen; Koss, Karen Sofie; Oian, Pål

    2013-06-01

    This study aimed to observe risk status on admission to hospital and change in risk status during labor. A prospective observational study allocating all women into low-risk and high-risk groups on admittance to hospital and during labor based on prespecified risk criteria. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a district hospital. All 6406 deliveries from 2 May 2004 to 30 September 2006. A special form was filled out for all women admitted to the department in labor classifying them as either low or high risk. A change in risk status during labor was also recorded. Risk status (low and high risk) on admittance to hospital and change in risk status during first stage of labor. On admittance, 67% of women with an intended vaginal delivery were low risk. During the first stage of labor, 41% of the low-risk women changed risk status. Use of epidural anesthesia gave rise to 73% of the risk changes during the first stage of labor and use of oxytocin caused 12%. Two-thirds of the women were low risk before labor, and 39% of these remained low-risk at the end of the first stage of labor. The main reason for a change of risk status in the obstetric department was the use of epidural anesthesia. © 2013 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  9. Promotion: Study of the Library of the department of library and information science and book

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Nagode

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The contribution presents basic information about academic libraries and their promotion. Librarians should have promotion knowledge since they have to promote and market their libraries. The paper presents the definition of academic libraries, their purpose, objectives and goals. Marketing and promotion in academic libraries are defined. The history of academic libraries and their promotion are described. The contribution presents results and the interpretation of the research, based on the study of users of the Library of the Department of Library and Information Science and Book studies. A new promotion plan for libraries based on the analysis of the academic library environment is introduced.

  10. Department of

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2014-08-27

    Aug 27, 2014 ... Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management 7(5): 468 – 477, 2014 ... Department of Planning, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology .... Anglican and Presbyterian schools have all been mined; exposing school children to dust and .... the district office of the National Disaster.

  11. Vocational Counseling and Training for Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Mercedes Vicente Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Deciding on a university degree is undoubtedly a difficult choice. This situation brings about fear of failing and disappointing yourself and others, which is a common feeling among high school students, becoming a source of anxiety and stress. This demonstrates the need for an appropriate vocational and professional guidance. In Cuba, this subject is gaining importance, since a greater number of youngsters have the opportunity to choose from more professions; thus, deciding on one or the other is a problem of great practical and social impact. Vocational guidance and training in the Cuban educational context aims to reaffirm the inclination of youth towards medical studies, where they fully develop their potential, on the basis of consolidating values and feelings, and a high social, moral and unconditional commitment to the practice of the profession. This paper presents various issues that currently affect vocational guidance and the role of each of the major participants in the process itself.

  12. Wellbeing and smoking at Danish vocational schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Susan; Rod, Morten Hulvej; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    Background School dropout and health risk behavior represent major problems among students attending vocational education in Denmark and many other countries. Modifications to the social environment may promote educational attainment as well as the health and wellbeing of young people. However......, there is a need for more evidence-based intervention programs. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a settings-based intervention (Shaping the Social) at vocational schools on student wellbeing and smoking. Methods We employed a non-randomized controlled trial of 5794 students (mean age 21...... years; 81% male) in 10 (four intervention and six comparison) large vocational schools in Denmark. The intervention integrated social activities with professional learning and focused on four themes: introduction activities; daily class meetings; scheduled breaks; creating a pleasant non-smoking...

  13. DRUG UTILIZATION STUDY OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN MEDICINE DEPARTMENT IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajat

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available : BACKGROUND: The WHO in 1977 provided the proper definition of Drug Utilization. It has been defined as the marketing, distribution, prescription and use of drugs in society with special emphasis on the resulting medical and social consequences. Urinary tract infection (UTI is caused by pathogenic invasion of the urinary tract which leads to an inflammatory response of the urothelium. Urinary tract infections are common burden in patients with diabetes mellitus. Cystitis, ascending infection leading to pyelonephritis, impaired leucocyte function, recurrent vaginitis, emphysematous complications and renal/perinephric abscesses are well recognized in this group of patients if glycemic control is poor. The present study was undertaken to identify the common pathogens and drug sensitivity pattern of the isolate among patients who attended the medicine outpatients department so as to guide empirical treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prescription pattern of antibiotics in UTI in medicine department in a tertiary care hospital. Study of type of patients along with type of UTI major symptoms, precipitating factors, evaluation of uropathogens. To analyze rationality among the prescriptions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective, observational and analytical study was done to assess the antibiotics prescribed in UTI in medicine department in a tertiary care hospital. Gender distribution, age wise distribution, type of patients (outpatients, inpatients, type of UTI (complicated, uncomplicated, presenting symptoms, lab investigations related to UTI, microorganisms isolated from urine culture, antibiotics prescribed for UTI, precipitating factors for UTI, route of drug administration, adjuvant drugs along with antibiotics for UTI and outcome of the treatment were evaluated. Patients receiving antibiotic therapy in UTI of either gender of age >18 years, visiting medicine department were included. Approval from the institutional ethics committee was

  14. Tourism Destination Management (Case Study in Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan Regency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sony Manggala Putra

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The tourism sector as one of the leading sectors in Pasuruan still faces many obstacles. The constraints associated with conditions that require improvement on tourist destination related to the presence of infrastructure, zoning, the gap between the tourism destination in the West and the East area, up to the level of visitation which has decreased from year to year. The aims of the studi were to describe and analyze Tourism Destination Management conducted by Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati object to become competitive and sustainable tourism destination. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study method locus in the Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan. The results of this study indicate that the tourism destination management of Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati when reviewed in terms of competitiveness, still needs a lot of improvement related to the presence of tourism facilities and the quality of employees as service providers. In terms of sustainability, it shows that the synergy between the regional government and tourism stakeholders need to be improved. The need for the establishment of cooperation with third parties in management of tourism destination in Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati, can be used to optimize the carrying capacity and tourist destination marketing system at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati in order to compete in a competitive and sustainable way Keywords: tourism destination management, competitiveness, sustainability

  15. Dropout in vocational education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    For the last ten years drop out of vocational education has increased strongly in Denmark. Only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme on upper secondary level, complete it. Like in other European countries the low completion rates has caused considerable alarm on the political...... level (Lamb and Markussen 2011). Continuing high dropout rates will make it very hard for the government to reach its target for educational completion, and the government has launched a series of measures to increase retention including the obligation for all colleges to make plans for retention...

  16. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes....... This makes it difficult to compare the resources used, since some programmes by their nature require more classroom time and equipment than others. It is also far from straightforward to compare college effects with respect to grades, since the various programmes apply very different forms of assessment...

  17. Questioning Styles in Vocational College English Classrooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒立志

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of TBLT reform in Higher Vocational Colleges from the perspective of questioning styles.It employs three methods to collect data:classroom observation,semi-structured interviews and focus group discussion with eight English teachers and their 384 non-English major students from three Higher Vocational Colleges in Guangdong.The results indicated that the teachers assigned students different tasks to perform in class.They seemed to be adopting the TBLT approach,but their English classes were not totally different from the teacher-centered grammar-focused lessons,the student-centered or communicative lessons.

  18. A comparative study of vocational education and occupational safety and health training in China and the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Baisheng; Huang, Xin; Xue, Fei; Chen, Jiang; Liu, Xiaobing; Meng, Yangyang; Huang, Jinxin

    2017-01-16

    In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established. However, there exist some defects in OSH. In the UK, the employer will not only pay attention to employees' physiological health, but also to their mental health. The UK's VET is characterized by classification and grading management, which helps integrate OSH into the whole education system. China can learn from the UK in the development of policies, VET and OSH training.

  19. Emotional Intelligence, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: A Case Study, English Department Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwik Andreani

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the comparison between English Department students’ emotional intelligence (EQ, their self-esteem and their academic achievement. Twenty-two students participated in the research by answering EQ test and two Self-Esteem questionnaires. The result shows that there is no relation between students’ GPA and their self-esteem and EQ. This means that academic ability does not correspond to social skills. Though most students have average EQ and self-esteem, one student has High EQ, High Self-esteem and a 2.95 GPA (out of 4. 

  20. What predicts recovery orientation in county departments of mental health? A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Timothy T; Mahoney, Christine B; Adams, Neal; Felton, Mistique; Pareja, Candy

    2010-09-01

    In this pilot study we examined the determinants of recovery orientation among employees and influential stakeholders in a sample of 12 county departments of mental health in California. A two-level hierarchical linear model with random intercepts was estimated. Analyses show that recovery orientation has a U-shaped relationship with the age of staff/influential stakeholders and is negatively related to the difference between the desired level of adhocracy and the current level of adhocracy. Recovery orientation is positively related to the education level of staff/influential stakeholders, satisfying transformational leadership outcomes, and larger mental health budgets per capita. Policy implications are discussed.

  1. Emotional Intelligence, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: A Case Study, English Department Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwik Andreani.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the comparison between English Department students emotional intelligence (EQ, their self-esteem and their academic achievement. Twenty-two students participated in the research by answering EQ test and two Self-Esteem questionnaires. The result shows that there is no relation between students GPA and their self-esteem and EQ. This means that academic ability does not correspond to social skills. Though most students have average EQ and self-esteem, one student has High EQ, High Self-esteem and a 2.95 GPA (out of 4.

  2. Migrating to Moodle: A Case Study Regarding a Department-Wide Implementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konstantinidis, Andreas; Papadopoulos, Pantelis M.; Tsiatsos, Thrasyvoulos

    2008-01-01

    systems. Our main goal was to implement a single, easy-to-operate, easy-to-maintain system, able to support students’ and instructors’ needs in all the courses. Further-more, we present data which describe the pilot study of the Moodle implementation for the first semester and make evident the success......This paper presents the rationale behind the utilization of the Moodle Learning Management System for blended learning in our Informatics Department and examines the steps followed, to replace the prior decentralized course organizational structure which consisted of a multitude of different...

  3. 77 FR 41391 - Final Priority; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... Network, including Regional Technical Assistance and Continuing Education (TACE) Centers to disseminate... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Final Priority; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation and...

  4. Therapeutic conflicts in emergency department patients with multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Markun

    Full Text Available Patients with multimorbidity are an increasing concern in healthcare. Clinical practice guidelines, however, do not take into account potential therapeutic conflicts caused by co-occurring medical conditions. This makes therapeutic decisions complex, especially in emergency situations.The aim of this study was to identify and quantify therapeutic conflicts in emergency department patients with multimorbidity.We reviewed electronic records of all patients ≥18 years with two or more concurrent active medical conditions, admitted from the emergency department to the hospital ward of the University Hospital Zurich in January 2009. We cross-tabulated all active diagnoses with treatments recommended by guidelines for each diagnosis. Then, we identified potential therapeutic conflicts and classified them as either major or minor conflicts according to their clinical significance.166 emergency inpatients with multimorbidity were included. The mean number of active diagnoses per patient was 6.6 (SD±3.4. We identified a total of 239 therapeutic conflicts in 49% of the of the study population. In 29% of the study population major therapeutic conflicts, in 41% of the patients minor therapeutic conflicts occurred.Therapeutic conflicts are common among multimorbid patients, with one out of two experiencing minor, and one out of three experiencing major therapeutic conflicts. Clinical practice guidelines need to address frequent therapeutic conflicts in patients with co-morbid medical conditions.

  5. Therapeutic conflicts in emergency department patients with multimorbidity: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markun, Stefan; Holzer, Barbara M; Rodak, Roksana; Kaplan, Vladimir; Wagner, Claudia C; Battegay, Edouard; Zimmerli, Lukas

    2014-01-01

    Patients with multimorbidity are an increasing concern in healthcare. Clinical practice guidelines, however, do not take into account potential therapeutic conflicts caused by co-occurring medical conditions. This makes therapeutic decisions complex, especially in emergency situations. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify therapeutic conflicts in emergency department patients with multimorbidity. We reviewed electronic records of all patients ≥18 years with two or more concurrent active medical conditions, admitted from the emergency department to the hospital ward of the University Hospital Zurich in January 2009. We cross-tabulated all active diagnoses with treatments recommended by guidelines for each diagnosis. Then, we identified potential therapeutic conflicts and classified them as either major or minor conflicts according to their clinical significance. 166 emergency inpatients with multimorbidity were included. The mean number of active diagnoses per patient was 6.6 (SD±3.4). We identified a total of 239 therapeutic conflicts in 49% of the of the study population. In 29% of the study population major therapeutic conflicts, in 41% of the patients minor therapeutic conflicts occurred. Therapeutic conflicts are common among multimorbid patients, with one out of two experiencing minor, and one out of three experiencing major therapeutic conflicts. Clinical practice guidelines need to address frequent therapeutic conflicts in patients with co-morbid medical conditions.

  6. The relationship between psychosocial job stress and burnout in emergency departments: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Izquierdo, Mariano; Ríos-Rísquez, María Isabel

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship and predictive power of various psychosocial job stressors for the 3 dimensions of burnout in emergency departments. This study was structured as a cross-sectional design, with a questionnaire as the tool. The data were gathered using an anonymous questionnaire in 3 hospitals in Spain. The sample consisted of 191 emergency departments. Burnout was evaluated by the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the job stressors by the Nursing Stress Scale. The Burnout Model in this study consisted of 3 dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy. The model that predicted the emotional exhaustion dimension was formed by 2 variables: Excessive workload and lack of emotional support. These 2 variables explained 19.4% of variance in emotional exhaustion. Cynicism had 4 predictors that explained 25.8% of variance: Interpersonal conflicts, lack of social support, excessive workload, and type of contract. Finally, variability in reduced professional efficacy was predicted by 3 variables: Interpersonal conflicts, lack of social support, and the type of shift worked, which explained 10.4% of variance. From the point of view of nurse leaders, organizational interventions, and the management of human resources, this analysis of the principal causes of burnout is particularly useful to select, prioritize, and implement preventive measures that will improve the quality of care offered to patients and the well-being of personnel. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. U.S. Army Medical Department Journal, July-September 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    8.5 1.7 * endotracheal intubation The scenario was clinically applicable 8.8 1.3 * surgical or needle cricothyrotomy to my field * chest compression...reaction to blood Emergency department Emergency physicians Exsanguinating extremity hemorrhage EMT-P Prehospital esophageal intubation Nurses Heatstroke...midshipmen in an attempt to determine if the instrument was a useful predictor of Campbell studied personalities, vocational interests, subsequent student

  8. The Empirical Study on the Influence of Faculty Management in Higher Vocational Colleges on Organizational Commitment%高职院校教眇币管理文化对组织承诺影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振洪; 王亚南

    2012-01-01

    本研究采用自编的“高职院校教师管理文化调查问卷”和“教师组织承诺量表”对浙江省6所高职院校864名教师进行测量,以了解高职院校教师管理文化对教师组织承诺的影响机制。研究结果表明:高职院校教师管理文化维度同教师组织承诺及其各维度存在不同程度的相关关系,前者对后者亦有显著的预测力。%On the basis of the questionnaire on faculty management cuhure and organizational commitment of teachers, the study is conducted among 864 teachers in 6 higher vocational colleges in Zhejiang province in order to describe the influence of faculty management culture in higher vocational colleges on organizational commitment. It is found that there are relation- ships between dimensions of faculty management culture in higher vocational colleges and those of organizational commitment and the dimensions of faculty management culture in higher vocational colleges may provide prediction for teachers' organizational commitment.

  9. 高职生学习投入状况及对策研究%Research on the Study Engagement Status and Countermeasures of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖艳双; 徐大真

    2012-01-01

      A study engagement questionnaire survey was worked out for 705 Higher Vocational College Students .The results showed that higher vocational college students 'study engagement is at medium level .There is significant statistical difference in home place, academic performance, professional selection and professional satisfaction .However, there is no significant statisti-cal difference in gender, school, family structures and grade.On the basis of the engagement features and differences of the sta -tistical variables, some unique suggestions were put forward with the hope of providing practical guiding for the teaching and tal -ents cultivating.%  采用学习投入问卷对705名高职生进行调查。结果发现:高职生学习投入状况处于中等水平。高职生学习投入总分在居住地、学习成绩、选择专业、专业满意度上存在显著差异,但在性别、学校、家庭结构、年级上不存在显著差异。基于学习投入的特点及各统计变量的差异对高等职业院校的教学工作提出一些针对性建议,以期能对高职生的教学及人才培养工作提供现实的指导意义。

  10. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Yambo Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  11. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Newberry Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  12. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Mt. Shasta Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  13. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Mt. Shasta Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  14. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Eagle Point Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  15. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Yambo Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  16. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Crater Lake Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  17. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Crater Lake Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  18. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Umatilla Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  19. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Newberry Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  20. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Burns Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  1. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Klamath Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  2. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Burns Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  3. 2009 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Southwest Washington Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  4. 2012 Oregon Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Lidar: Panther Creek Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  5. Factors influencing the implementation of the guideline triage in emergency departments: a qualitative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, M.A.M.; Achterberg, T. van; Adriaansen, M.J.M.; Kampshoff, C.S.; Schalk, D.M.; Mintjes-de Groot, A.J.

    2012-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objectives are: (1) to identify factors that influence the implementation of the guideline Triage in emergency departments [2004] in emergency departments in the Netherlands, and (2) to develop tailored implementation strategies for implementation of this guideline.

  6. 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Eagle Point Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  7. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Ochoco Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  8. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Pine Creek Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  9. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Pine Creek Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  10. 2011 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Ochoco Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology & Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) contracted with Watershed Sciences, Inc. to collect high resolution topographic LiDAR data for...

  11. Integrated Thermal Treatment Systems study: US Department of Energy Internal Review Panel report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cudahy, J.; Escarda, T.; Gimpel, R. [and others

    1995-04-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Technology Development (OTD) commissioned two studies to uniformly evaluate nineteen thermal treatment technologies. These studies were called the Integrated Thermal Treatment System (ITTS) Phase I and Phase II. With the advice and guidance of the DOE Office of Environmental Management`s (EM`s) Mixed Waste Focus Group, OTD formed an ITTS Internal Review Panel, composed of scientists and engineers from throughout the DOE complex, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the California EPA, and private experts. The Panel met from November 15-18, 1994, to review and comment on the ITTS studies, to make recommendations on the most promising thermal treatment systems for DOE mixed low level wastes (MLLW), and to make recommendations on research and development necessary to prove the performance of the technologies on MLLW.

  12. Improving patient care through leadership engagement with frontline staff: a Department of Veterans Affairs case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Sara J; Rivard, Peter E; Hayes, Jennifer E; Shokeen, Priti; Gaba, David; Rosen, Amy

    2013-08-01

    Leveraging Frontline Expertise (LFLE) is a patient safety intervention for engaging senior managers with the work-systems challenges faced by frontline workers and ensuring follow-up and accountability for systemic change. A study was conducted to assess the ability to refine, implement, and demonstrate the effectiveness of LFLE, which was designed for and tested in private-sector hospitals, in a Department of Veterans Affairs medical center (VAMC), typically a more hierarchical setting. LFLE was pilot tested in an urban, East coast-based VAMC, which implemented LFLE in its emergency department and operating room, with the medical/surgical ward and ICU serving as controls. A 20-month multimethod evaluation involved interviews, observation, data-tracking forms, and surveys to measure participant perceptions of the program, operational benchmarks of effectiveness, and longitudinal change in safety climate. Implementation showed fidelity to program design. Participating units identified 22 improvement opportunities, 16 (73%) of which were fully or partially resolved. Senior managers' attitudes toward LFLE were more positive than those of frontline staff, whose attitudes were mixed. Perceptions of safety climate deteriorated during the study period in the implementation units relative to controls. LFLE can be implemented in the VA, yield work-system improvements, and increase alignment of improvement aims and actions across hierarchical levels. Yet the results also warn against dangers inherent in adapting improvement programs to new settings. Findings suggest the need for active listening and learning from frontline staff by senior managers and trust building across hierarchical

  13. Syndromic surveillance and heat wave morbidity: a pilot study based on emergency departments in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josseran, Loïc; Caillère, Nadège; Brun-Ney, Dominique; Rottner, Jean; Filleul, Laurent; Brucker, Gilles; Astagneau, Pascal

    2009-02-20

    The health impacts of heat waves are serious and have prompted the development of heat wave response plans. Even when they are efficient, these plans are developed to limit the health effects of heat waves. This study was designed to determine relevant indicators related to health effects of heat waves and to evaluate the ability of a syndromic surveillance system to monitor variations in the activity of emergency departments over time. The study uses data collected during the summer 2006 when a new heat wave occurred in France. Data recorded from 49 emergency departments since July 2004, were transmitted daily via the Internet to the French Institute for Public Health Surveillance. Items collected on patients included diagnosis (ICD10 codes), outcome, and age. Statistical t-tests were used to compare, for several health conditions, the daily averages of patients within different age groups and periods (whether 'on alert' or 'off alert'). A limited number of adverse health conditions occurred more frequently during hot period: dehydration, hyperthermia, malaise, hyponatremia, renal colic, and renal failure. Over all health conditions, the total number of patients per day remained equal between the 'on alert' and 'off alert' periods (4,557.7/day vs. 4,511.2/day), but the number of elderly patients increased significantly during the 'on alert' period relative to the 'off alert' period (476.7/day vs. 446.2/day p waves.

  14. The Role of Research in Academic Psychiatric Departments: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pato, Carlos; Abulseoud, Osama; Pato, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The authors demonstrate the role that research can play in the development of an academic department of psychiatry. Method: The authors explore the challenges and achievements in the transition of one department from a strong clinically- and educationally-centered department to one with an equally strong research focus. Results: The…

  15. Career Development and Vocational Counsel Process Study for Higher Vocational Counselors%高职辅导员职业生涯发展与就业指导工作过程研究--由就业座谈会引发的总结思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹玉红; 李阳阳

    2013-01-01

    In the new situation of college and university graduates employment in China, paying close attention to college students employment situation and career decision situation is very important for students' career development and direction in the future. As the guider of higher vocational college students, higher vocational counselors' vocational counsel work process provokes multi-angle thinking in the aspect of closing to reality and closing to students, and is worth study and deep discussion.%  在我国高等学校毕业生就业的新形势下,关注大学生就业状况,关注大学生的生涯决策状况,对大学生未来的职业发展和方向具有特别重要的意义。高职辅导员作为高职学生职业生涯发展的指导者和引路人,其就业工作过程,从贴近实际,贴近学生的角度,引发了多角度总结和思考,值得研究和深入探讨。

  16. Study on Construction of Innovation and Pioneering Culture at Vocational Colleges%高职院校校园创新创业建构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王良

    2015-01-01

    大众创业、万众创新是当下中国社会发展的迫切需要,近几年,在“以创业带动就业”的重要策略引领下,政府、社会对大学生创业的政策和资金支持越来越大,认可度越来越高。但与本科校相比,高职院校的创新创业成效存在明显差距。高职院校应努力研究探讨实现就业压力向优质创业劳动力转化的途径和方法,建构“课程融通、引领专业、领域宽泛、保障全面”的校园文化环境。%It is an urgent need for Chinese society's development to pay attention to entrepreneurship and innovation venture. Recently, under the leading of the guideline“entrepreneurship driving employment”, government and society have been providing more and more policy and finance support on college students' innovation undertaking and holding higher and higher acceptability. However, comparing with universities and colleges, vocational colleges have huge gaps on innovation and entrepreneurship achievements. Vocational college should study and discuss on methods and ways to transfer the employment pressure into motive force for entrepreneurship talents, constructing campus culture of “combining different curriculum, leading professionals, widening domains and guaranteeing the whole”.

  17. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  18. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  19. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  20. The Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management: Project performance study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-01

    The Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) of the US Department of Energy commissioned Independent Project Analysis, Inc. (IPA) to perform this Project Performance Study to provide a quantitative analysis determining how well EM develops and executes environmental remediation and waste management projects. The approach consisted of collecting detailed data on a sample of 65 completed and ongoing EM projects conducted since 1984. These data were then compared with key project characteristics and outcomes from 233 environmental remediation projects (excluding EM) in IPA`s Environmental Remediation Database and 951 projects In IPA`s Capital Projects Database. The study establishes the standing of the EM system relative to other organizations, and suggests areas and opportunities for improvement.

  1. A randomized study of electronic mail versus telephone follow-up after emergency department visit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezenkwele, Ugo A; Sites, Frank D; Shofer, Frances S; Pritchett, Ellen N; Hollander, Judd E

    2003-02-01

    This study was conducted to determine whether electronic mail (e-mail) increases contact rates after patients are discharged from the emergency department (ED). Following discharge, patients were randomized to be contacted by telephone or e-mail. The main outcome was success of contact. Secondary outcome was the median time of response. There were 1561 patients initially screened. Of these, 444 had e-mail and were included in the study. Half were contacted by telephone and the rest via e-mail. Our telephone contact rate was 58% (129/222) after two calls in a 48-h period and our e-mail contact was 41% (90/222). The telephone was nearly two times better than e-mail. The median time of response was 48 h for e-mail and 18 h for telephone. It is concluded that the telephone is a better modality of contact than e-mail for patients discharged from the ED.

  2. Prospective Multicenter Study of Bronchiolitis: Predictors of an Unscheduled Visit After Discharge From the Emergency Department

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norwood, Agatha; Mansbach, Jonathan M.; Clark, Sunday; Waseem, Muhammad; Camargo, Carlos A.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives There is little evidence about which children with bronchiolitis will have worsened disease after discharge from the emergency department (ED). The objective of this study was to determine predictors of post-ED unscheduled visits. Methods The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of patients discharged from 2004 to 2006 at 30 EDs in 15 U.S. states. Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of bronchiolitis, age bronchiolitis within 2 weeks. Results Of 722 patients eligible for the current analysis, 717 (99%) had unscheduled visit data, of whom 121 (17%; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 14% to 20%) had unscheduled visits. Unscheduled visits were more likely for children age 0.10). Using multivariable logistic regression, independent predictors of unscheduled visits were age bronchiolitis, one of six children had unscheduled visits within 2 weeks of ED discharge. The three predictors of unscheduled visits were age under 2 months, male sex, and previous hospitalization. PMID:20370776

  3. Evaluation of Pediatric Forensic Cases in Emergency Department: A Retrospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanzer Korkmaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Our aim was to evaluate the properties of pediatric forensic cases and to discuss the precautions in order to prevent the occurrence of these forensic events. Methods: The patient files and forensic reports of pediatric (age 0-18 years forensic cases, who were referred to the emergency department in our hospital between January 01, 2009 and December 31, 2011 were retrospectively investigated. Results: A total of 421 forensic pediatric cases with a median age of 9.9±5.5 years were included in the study. Off the cases, 61% (n=257 were male and 47.3% were in 5-14 age group. The type of the events were traffic accident (50.4%, fall (18.3%, stab injuries (10.9%, intoxication (5.9%, pounding (5.0% and other incidents (9.5%. There were nine cases of suicide attempt (all of them were above 14 years of age and four cases of physical abuse (three of them were under 15 years of age. After the observation period, 79.8% of the cases were discharged from the emergency department, whilst 20.2% of cases were hospitalized in one of the clinics. Conclusion: Because most of the cases were traffic accident, this situation show us that these injuries are preventable. Prevention and intervention strategies should be developed for providing a safe environment for children.

  4. Quality of websites of obstetrics and gynecology departments: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezniczek, Günther A; Küppers, Laura; Heuer, Hubertus; Hefler, Lukas A; Buerkle, Bernd; Tempfer, Clemens B

    2015-04-26

    The internet has become an easily accessible and widely used source of healthcare information. There are, however, no standardized or commonly accepted criteria for the quality of Obstetrics and Gynecology websites. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the quality of websites of Obstetrics and Gynecology departments in German-speaking countries and to compare websites nationally and internationally. We scored 672 websites from Germany (n = 566), Austria (n = 57), and Switzerland (n = 49) using the objective criteria: Google search rank (2 items), technical aspects (11 items), navigation (8 items), and content (6 items) for a 26 point score. Scores were compared nationally and internationally. Multivariable regression models assessed good quality scores (≥50% of maximum) as the dependent variables and country, academic affiliation, being member of a healthcare consortium, confessional affiliation, and content management system (CMS) use as independent variables. The mean score of websites was 13.8 ± 3.3. 4.2% were rated as good (≥75% of maximum), 61.8% as fair (≥50% of maximum). German (14.0 ± 3.2) and Swiss (13.8 ± 4.0) websites scored significantly higher compared to Austrian websites (11.6 ± 2.5) (P Obstetrics and Gynecology departments varies widely. We found marked differences depending on country, affiliation, and region.

  5. Meteorological factors, air pollutants, and emergency department visits for otitis media: a time series study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gestro, Massimo; Condemi, Vincenzo; Bardi, Luisella; Fantino, Claudio; Solimene, Umberto

    2017-05-01

    Abstract Otitis media (OM) is a very common disease in children, which results in a significant economic burden to the healthcare system for hospital-based outpatient departments, emergency departments (EDs), unscheduled medical examinations, and antibiotic prescriptions. The aim of this retrospective observational study is to investigate the association between climate variables, air pollutants, and OM visits observed in the 2007-2010 period at the ED of Cuneo, Italy. Measures of meteorological parameters (temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind) and outdoor air pollutants (particulate matter, ozone, nitrous dioxide) were analyzed at two statistical stages and in several specific steps (crude and adjusted models) according to Poisson's regression. Response variables included daily examinations for age groups 0-3, 0-6, and 0-18. Control variables included upper respiratory infections (URI), flu (FLU), and several calendar factors. A statistical procedure was implemented to capture any delayed effects. Results show a moderate association for temperature (T), age 0-3, and 0-6 with P urban environments.

  6. Department of Energy solar process heat program: FY 1991 solar process heat prefeasibility studies activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewett, R.

    1992-11-01

    During fiscal year (FY) 1991, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Process Heat Program implemented a Solar Process Heat Prefeasibility Studies activity. For Program purposes, a prefeasibility study is an engineering assessment that investigates the technical and economic feasibility of a solar system for a specific application for a specific end-user. The study includes an assessment of institutional issues (e.g., financing, availability of insurance, etc.) that impact the feasibility of the proposed solar project. Solar process heat technology covers solar thermal energy systems (utilizing flat plate or concentrating solar collectors) for water heating, water preheating, cooling/refrigeration, steam generation, ventilation air heating/preheating, etc., for applications in industry, commerce, and government. The studies are selected for funding through a competitive solicitation. For FY-91, six projects were selected for funding. As of 31 Aug. 1992, three teams had completed their studies. This paper describes the prefeasibility studies activity, presents the results from the study performed by United Solar Technologies, and summarizes the conclusions from the studies that have been completed to date and their implications for the Solar Process Heat Program.

  7. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  8. Anticipating Future Influences on Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.; And Others

    In a study conducted to identify the major forces that appear likely to influence vocational education in the next three to five years, a general model or conceptual framework was developed and modified by suggestions from a panel of experts. The following were identified as major influences: (1) a gradual decrease in the number of secondary…

  9. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  10. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  11. Efficacy and safety of acupuncture for dizziness and vertigo in emergency department: a pilot cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chih-Wen; Lee, Tsung-Chieh; Hsu, Po-Chi; Chen, Chia-Yun; Chang, Shun-Chang; Chiang, John Y; Lo, Lun-Chien

    2015-06-09

    Dizziness and vertigo account for roughly 4% of chief symptoms in the emergency department (ED). Pharmacological therapy is often applied for these symptoms, such as vestibular suppressants, anti-emetics and benzodiazepines. However, every medication is accompanied with unavoidable side-effects. There are several research articles providing evidence of acupuncture treating dizziness and vertigo but few studies of acupuncture as an emergent intervention in ED. We performed a pilot cohort study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in treating patients with dizziness and vertigo in ED. A total of 60 participants, recruited in ED, were divided into acupuncture and control group. Life-threatening conditions or central nervous system disorders were excluded to ensure participants' safety. The clinical effect of treating dizziness and vertigo was evaluated by performing statistical analyses on data collected from questionnaires of Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) of dizziness and vertigo, and heart rate variability (HRV). The variation of VAS demonstrated a significant decrease (p-value: 0.001 and p-value: 0.037) between two groups after two different durations: 30 mins and 7 days. The variation of DHI showed no significant difference after 7 days. HRV revealed a significant increase in high frequency (HF) in the acupuncture group. No adverse event was reported in this study. Acupuncture demonstrates a significant immediate effect in reducing discomforts and VAS of both dizziness and vertigo. This study provides clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of acupuncture to treat dizziness and vertigo in the emergency department. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT02358239 . Registered 5 February 2015.

  12. INTEROPERABILITY AND STANDARDISATION IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENCE: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. De Waal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The political changes in South Africa have extended its international obligations by actively involving it in the social wellbeing of troubled African states. Under the auspices of the United Nations, this role is manifested in peacekeeping operations and other standard international practices. The ability of African allied forces to train, exercise, and operate efficiently, effectively, and economically together depends on the interoperability of their operational procedures, doctrine, administration, materiel and technology. This implies that all parties must have the same interpretation of ‘interoperability’. In this study, a conceptual model that explains interoperability and standardisation in terms of a systems hierarchy and the systems engineering process is developed. The study also explores the level of understanding of interoperability in the South African Department of Defence in terms of the levels of standardisation and its relationship to the concepts of systems, systems hierarchy, and systems engineering.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die politieke veranderinge in Suid-Afrika het daartoe aanleiding gegee dat verdere internasionale verpligtinge die land opgelê is. Suid-Afrika, in samewerking met mede-Afrika lande en onder toesig van die Verenigde Nasies, moet deur middel van vredesoperasies by onstabiele Afrika lande betrokke raak. Die vermoë om gesamentlik aan vredesopleiding, vredesoefeninge en vredesoperasies op ‘n effektiewe, doeltreffende en ekonomiese wyse deel te neem, vereis dat daar versoenbaarheid tussen onderlinge operasionele prosedures, doktrine, administrasie, materieel en tegnologie is. Dit beteken dat alle partye eens omtrent die begrip ‘versoenbaarheid’ moet wees. In hierdie studie is ‘n konseptuele model wat versoenbaarheid en standaardisasie verduidelik in terme van die stelselhiërargie en die stelselingenieursweseproses ontwikkel. Hierdie studie het ook die vlak van begrip en

  13. Observational study of the capacity and demand of plain-film workflow in a radiology department

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gahan, James, E-mail: james_gahan@hotmail.co [Radiology, Chancellor Wing, St James' Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom)

    2010-08-15

    Objectives: Demand for radiology services in the National Health Service (NHS) is rising. The pressure felt by radiology departments is compounded by growing public expectation, government guidelines, targets, penalties and tight budget restrictions. One widely supported hypothesis is that inefficiency in the NHS is a result of a mismatch between the variances in capacity and demand. In the light of an increasing trend towards evidence-based management the study aims to model, analyse and understand variations in plain-film workflow in a radiology department and evaluate whether the data provide evidence to base future decisions upon. Methods: Retrospective data for a period of 6 months were collected, from the Computer Radiology Information System (CRIS), staff rotas and clinic diaries. Capacity was measured by the planned number of radiographers working within the department. Demand was measured by the daily workload of the department, number of plain-film events, and was subdivided to include referral source. To further analyse the drivers for demand the number of outpatient clinics was also recorded. Descriptive statistical testing was used to understand the variability in the obtained data. Levene's test was undertaken to test the homogeneity of daily variances in clinics and workload. Establishment of correlative relationships was undertaken using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) between chosen variables. Linear regression testing was performed in order to establish the capacity of the number of clinics running to predict the workload, adjusted for GP events, of the department. Results: Mean daily workload, capacity and clinics show variable correlation. Workload and clinics demonstrate relatively high variation; workload; range, max = 178, min = 46, mean = 95.58, standard deviation (SD) = 25.35, coefficient of variation (CV) = 0.27. Clinics; mean = 4.79, SD = 1.63, CV = 0.34. Variances in daily clinics and daily workflow are homogeneous, Levene

  14. [Preparation of sedation-analgesia procedures in spanish paediatric emergency departments: A descriptive study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Míguez Navarro, Concepción; Oikonomopoulou, Niki; Lorente Romero, Jorge; Vázquez López, Paula

    2017-07-24

    The objective of this study was to describe the current practice regarding the preparation of the sedation-analgesia (SA) procedures performed in the paediatric emergency centres in Spain. A multicentre, observational and prospective analytical study was carried out on the SA procedures that were performed on children under 18 years-old in 18 paediatric emergency departments between February 2015 and January 2016. A total of 658 SA procedures were registered in 18 hospitals of Spain, most of them to children older than 24 months. The type of the procedure was: simple analgesia in 57 (8.6%), sedation in 44 (6.7%), SA for a not very painful procedure in 275 (41.8%), and SA for a very painful procedure in 282 (42.9%). Informed consent was requested in 98.6% of the cases. The written form was more frequently preferred in the group of patients that received SA for a very painful procedure (76.6%) in comparison to a painful procedure or to simple analgesia (62.9% and 54.4%, respectively, P<.001). The staff that most frequently performed the SA procedures were the paediatricians of the emergency departments (64.3%), followed by Paediatrics Residents (30.7%). The most frequent reasons for the SA were traumatological (35.9%) and surgical (28.4%). Fasting was observed in 81% of the cases. More than two-thirds (67.3%, n=480) children were monitored, the majority (95.8%) of them using pulse oximetry. The pharmacological strategy used was the administration of one drug in 443 (67.3%) of the cases, mostly nitrous oxide, and a combination of drugs in 215 (32.7%), especially midazolam/ketamine (46.9%). The majority of the SA procedures analysed in this study have been carried out correctly and prepared in accordance with the current guidelines. Copyright © 2017. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  15. 75 FR 32857 - State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 34 CFR Part 361 State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program CFR Correction In Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 300 to 399, revised as of July 1, 2009, on page 267, in Sec. 361.42,...

  16. Teaching vocation versus teaching profession in educational organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faustino Larrosa Martínez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper on training prospective teachers investigates the meaning of teaching vocation and teaching profession within educational organisations, in the context of the knowledge society and in the midst of European convergence. The elements that have influenced and still influence teachers’ professional situations are analysed: tradition, social transformation, advances in research and teachers’ current needs. Then how teaching has evolved as a vocation is studied and the nature and characteristics of teaching as a profession are examined. We conclude that teaching is a vocational profession in an environment of ethical and moral pluralism.

  17. Low Profile, High Impact: Four Case Studies of High School Department Chairs Whose Transactions "Transform" Teachers and Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wettersten, Jill A.

    This paper explores the leadership strategies of four exemplary high school department chairs. It develops a model based on social-exchange theory to show how chairs, as middle managers, must satisfy the expectations of both teachers and administrators. Data were derived from a case study of department chairs identified as exemplary in four…

  18. Continuous improvement, burnout and job engagement: a study in a Dutch nursing department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benders, Jos; Bleijerveld, Hans; Schouteten, Roel

    2016-05-27

    Continuous improvement (CI) programs are potentially powerful means to improve the quality of care. The more positive nurses perceive these programs' effects, the better they may be expected to cooperate. Crucial to this perception is how nurses' quality of working life is affected. We studied this in a nursing department, using the job demands-resources model. We found that two job demands improved, and none of the job resources. Job engagement did not change significantly, while the burnout risk decreased slightly. Overall, the nurses felt the impact to be small yet the changes were in a positive direction. CI can thus be used to improve nurses' working lives and, by restructuring the work processes, the quality of care. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. A study to assess burnout among nurses of maternity department in Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Assam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marami Baishya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout in healthcare workers, especially among nurses, can have an impact on overall healthcare delivery system. For health in general and maternal health in particular, wellbeing of healthcare workers, including nurses, is of paramount importance. Material and methods: This study aimed to assess burnout among nurses working in the maternity department. One hundred nurses of a tertiary care centre, selected by non-purposive convenient sampling, were examined by a standardised questionnaire. Data were analysed by descriptive statistics. Results: Burnout in depersonalisation was moderate while that in emotional exhaustion and personal achievement were of low-levels. Conclusion: Understanding the nature of the problem of burnout can guide in better management.

  20. Business process study simulation for resource management in an emergency department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poomkothammal, Velusamy

    2006-01-01

    Alexandra Hospital conducted a business process reengineering exercise for all its main processes in order to further improve on their efficiencies with the ultimate aim to provide a higher level of services to patients. The goal of the DEM is to manage an anticipated increase in the volume of patients without much increase in resources. As a start, the Department of Emergency (DEM) medicine studied its AS-IS process and has designed and implemented the new TO-BE process. As part of this continuous improvement effort, staff from Nanyang Polytechnic (NYP) has been assigned the task of applying engineering and analytical techniques to simulate the new process. The simulations were conducted to show on process management and resource planning.

  1. Profile of Clients seeking Consultation at Yoga Therapy Department: A Cross sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latha KS

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available It is estimated that between 10% and 30% of the general practice population are mentally or emotionally disturbed. Physical complaints, multiple aches and pains are construed as signs and symptoms of stress. Although yoga is considered as beneficial, any hidden psychiatric morbidity may go undetected and thus untreated. Thus the aim of this study was to obtain an estimate of hidden psychiatric morbidity in clients seeking consultation at the Department of Yoga. Fifty respondents were administered Life Satisfaction Scale and General Health Questionnaire-12. Majority were females, younger, graduates, married and also scored above the cut off on GHQ, suggesting minor psychiatric disorder/distress; reasons for consultation were related to being over weight, stress, aches and pains, poor concentration. A significant number of persons reported of some dissatisfaction in life. The perceived benefits were related to reducing symptoms, stress, weight, relaxation and improvement in concentration and memory.

  2. The Mode Reform of Cultivating Marketing Talents in Agricultural Vocational Colleges Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Enterprises——A Case Study of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We conduct survey on the characteristics of demand of agricultural enterprises for agricultural marketing talents from the following 6 aspects:the professional marketing talents needed urgently by the agricultural enterprises,the amount of demand of agricultural enterprises for the marketing talents,the jobs offered by the agricultural enterprises,the educational background of agricultural marketing talents favored by the agricultural enterprises,the requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the work experience of agricultural marketing talents,and the quality requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the agricultural marketing talents.We analyse the problems existing in the cultivation mode of marketing talents in agricultural vocational colleges as follows:the feature of major is not outstanding;the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent;it is disconnected with the practical needs of agricultural enterprises;the cultivation form of practical ability is simple.On the basis of this,taking Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology as an example,we advance the new mode of cultivating inter-disciplinary talents integrating "marketing technique+technique marketing",and establish characteristic agricultural course combo system on the basis of vocational position orientation.In the meantime,we propose that we should conduct close college-enterprise cooperation with the local leading agricultural enterprises.This cultivation mode reform of talents is favorable for the agricultural enterprises,especially small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises to foster "marketable" agricultural marketing talents,elevate the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises,serve the local economy,and promote the development of modern agriculture,and China’s agriculture,farmer,and countryside.

  3. The Development of Vocational Calling, Identity, and Faith in College Students: A Preliminary Study of the Impact of Study Abroad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller-Perrin, Cindy; Thompson, Don

    2010-01-01

    Living and learning in another country, primary conditions of the study abroad experience, are commonly associated with two fundamental outcomes. The first outcome is an increase in "external" connections, manifested through an increased ability to converse in another language and an increased understanding and sensitivity to another…

  4. Drug utilization study in the otorhinolaryngology department in a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. Sridevi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Drug utilization is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO as the marketing, distribution, prescription, and use of drugs in society, with special emphasis on the resulting medical, social, and economic consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of prescription and then drug utilization in outpatient (OPD of the Department of Otolaryngology in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted at the A.C.S. medical college and hospital, Chennai for a period of 7 months. All the patients who attended the Ear Nose and Throat (ENT OPD were included. The total number who attended the OPD was 10,249 which include 6,956 new cases and 3313 old cases. Results: The antibacterials commonly used were β Lactams (56%, macrolides (14%, fluoroquinolones (12%, aminoglycosides (8%. Among the penicillin group, the commonest drug prescribed was a combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (27%, in cephalosporins was cefixime + clavulanic acid (19%. Aminoglycosides include gentamycin in refractory cases. Fluoroquinolones include ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin. Others Drugs like antihistamines and mucolytics were prescribed in 27%, anti- ulcer drugs in 36% cases, analgesics in 33% cases and herbal medicines in 4%. The average number of drugs used in each prescription was 3.20. All the drugs were prescribed with brand names. The average cost per prescription per day for OPD patients is 37 Rupees. Conclusions: β Lactams were commonly used antibacterials in the otorhinolaryngology department. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2013; 2(3.000: 306-310

  5. Syndromic surveillance and heat wave morbidity: a pilot study based on emergency departments in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filleul Laurent

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The health impacts of heat waves are serious and have prompted the development of heat wave response plans. Even when they are efficient, these plans are developed to limit the health effects of heat waves. This study was designed to determine relevant indicators related to health effects of heat waves and to evaluate the ability of a syndromic surveillance system to monitor variations in the activity of emergency departments over time. The study uses data collected during the summer 2006 when a new heat wave occurred in France. Methods Data recorded from 49 emergency departments since July 2004, were transmitted daily via the Internet to the French Institute for Public Health Surveillance. Items collected on patients included diagnosis (ICD10 codes, outcome, and age. Statistical t-tests were used to compare, for several health conditions, the daily averages of patients within different age groups and periods (whether 'on alert' or 'off alert'. Results A limited number of adverse health conditions occurred more frequently during hot period: dehydration, hyperthermia, malaise, hyponatremia, renal colic, and renal failure. Over all health conditions, the total number of patients per day remained equal between the 'on alert' and 'off alert' periods (4,557.7/day vs. 4,511.2/day, but the number of elderly patients increased significantly during the 'on alert' period relative to the 'off alert' period (476.7/day vs. 446.2/day p Conclusion Our results show the interest to monitor specific indicators during hot periods and to focus surveillance efforts on the elderly. Syndromic surveillance allowed the collection of data in real time and the subsequent optimization of the response by public health agencies. This method of surveillance should therefore be considered as an essential part of efforts to prevent the health effects of heat waves.

  6. Is warfarin usage a risk factor for osteoporotic fractures? A cohort study in the emergency department

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genady Drozdinsky

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background Several studies have examined the association between warfarin sodium use and risk of osteoporotic fractures with conflicting results. Our study addresses this question, for the first time regarding patients attending emergency department (ED. Aims The aim of this study was to retrospectively detect whether there is higher rate of usage of warfarin sodium in patients with osteoporotic fractures attending an ED. Methods This is a retrospective study from patients' computerized charts. All individuals >65 years old who had an osteoporotic fracture and attended an ED in a tertiary hospital were compared with a similar group of elderly individuals >65 years old without an osteoporotic fracture who attended the ED for a cause other than an osteoporotic fracture. Results This study included 328 patients who were evaluated in the years 2005–2016. Overall, 164 individuals with a typical osteoporotic fracture (hip -66 patients (40 per cent, spine- 92 patients (56 per cent, humerus -4 patients (2 per cent, radius -13 patients (8 per cent were identified and compared with a matched group of elderly individuals who were evaluated in the ED for other complaints. Warfarin sodium was used in 61 individuals (19 per cent in the entire cohort, 34 in the fracture group and 27 in the non-fracture group (p=0.324. Conclusion In elderly patients, attending an ED, warfarin sodium use does not seem to be a risk factor for an osteoporotic fracture

  7. [Impact of the labour market on vocational retraining centre participants' return to work: a study on employment agencies level].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hetzel, C; Flach, T; Schmidt, C

    2012-08-01

    This paper is aimed at identifying labour market factors impacting vocational retraining centre participants' return to work on Employment Agencies level and at comparing results to unemployed people's return to work (Social Code Book III). Databases are regional return to work rates of 2006 graduates, selected labour market indicators 2007, and the 2007 labour market classification of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB). The n = 75 Employment Agency districts where 74.5 % of the participants followed-up lived were analyzed using analyses of variance and multiple loglinear regression. Compared to the unemployment context (Social Code Book III), the impact of the labour market is much lower and less complex. In the multiple model, the regional unemployment rate and the regional tertiarization rate (size of the service sector) are found to be significant and superior to the IAB-classification. Hence, participants' return to work is less dependent on labour market conditions than unemployed people's return to work (Social Code Book III). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Building Strong Geoscience Departments: Case Studies and Findings from Six Years of Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iverson, E. A.; Lee, S.; Ormand, C. J.; Feiss, P. G.; Macdonald, H.; Manduca, C. A.; Richardson, R. M.

    2011-12-01

    Begun in 2005, the Building Strong Geoscience Departments project sought to help geoscience departments respond to changes in geosciences research, academic pressures, and the changing face of the geosciences workforce by working as a team, planning strategically, and learning from the experiences of other geoscience departments. Key strategies included becoming more central to their institution's mission and goals; articulating the department's learning goals for students; designing coordinated curricula, co-curricular activities, and assessments to meet these goals; and recruiting students effectively. A series of topical workshops identified effective practices in use in the U.S. and Canada. These practices were documented on the project website and disseminated through a national workshop for teams of faculty, through activities at the AGU Heads and Chairs workshops, and in a visiting workshop program bringing leaders to campuses. The program has now involved over 450 participants from 185 departments. To understand the impact of the program, we engaged in ongoing discussion with five departments of various sizes and institutional types, and facing a variety of immediate challenges. In aggregate they made use of the full spectrum of project offerings. These departments all reported that the project brought an important new perspective to their ability to work as a department: they have a better understanding of how their departments' issues relate to the national scene, have more strategies for making the case for the entire department to college administrators, and are better poised to make use of campus resources including the external review process. These results were consistent with findings from end-of-workshop surveys. Further they developed the ability to work together as a team to address departmental challenges through collective problem solving. As a result of their workshop participation, two of the departments who considered their department to be

  9. Vocational Identity and Ego Identity Status in Korean Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Young Koo, PhD, RN

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: These findings show that nursing students in identity achievement status have secure and clear vocational identities. Further longitudinal and qualitative studies are needed to find out if identity formation among nursing students changes with age.

  10. Vocational Education and the Training of Industrial Labour in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura Castro, Claudio de

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on issues related to the training of industrial workers in Brazil, this article reports the findings of a study which evaluated the effectiveness of vocational training offered by the National Industrial Apprenticeship Service. (LRA)

  11. 行动研究与高职院校英语教师专业发展--以高职院校ESP课程为个案%Action Research and the Professional Development of English Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges:A Case Study on ESP Course for Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁燕

    2014-01-01

    高职教师除了掌握必要的学科内容和教学技能之外,还必须拥有一种“扩展的专业特性”,指教师要通过系统的自我研究,以及研究别的教师和课堂检验的相关理论,用以指导实践,实现专业上的自我发展,这种研究被称为“行动研究”。目前国内行动研究领域的研究成果已经相当丰富,有关行动研究与教师专业发展也得到了研究者们的积极关注。但是,针对行动研究与高职院校英语教师发展的研究相对较少。行动研究强调理论与实践的紧密结合,这与高等职业教育英语教学将“应用性”视为其本质属性的理念相一致。将行动研究引入高等职业教育英语教学,使得行动研究成为高职英语教师应为和可为的一种教学研究与实践,对唤醒专业发展的自觉意识,培育专业精神,更好地推动高职英语教师的专业发展具有重要的意义。因此,本文旨在探讨行动研究对于高职院校英语教师专业发展的必要性和重要性,并且以ESP课程为个案阐述了进行行动研究的基本框架。%In addition to the necessary subject content and teach-ing skills, a higher vocational teacher must also possess an "ex-tended professional feature", namely, the teacher should system-atically make a self-research and research related theories on other teachers and class inspection, so as to guide the practice and realize professional self-development,and this research is ca-lled "action research". At present, the result of domestic action research is quite rich, and issues relevant to action research and professional development of teachers have also been given active attention by researchers. However, there are relatively few studies on action research and the professional development of English teachers in higher vocational colleges. Action research empha-sizes the close combination of theory and practice, which is con-sistent with

  12. EXAMINING PRE-SERVICE PHSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS' DEPARTMENTAL SATISFACTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: VOCATIONAL PERSONALITY APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Perkmen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the current study was to examine the role of vocational personality in physical education pre-service teachers’ satisfaction and academic performance. The Holland’s Theory of Personalities in Work Environments was the theoretical framework for the current study. According to this theory, there are six vocational personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Conventional. The participants consisted of 131 pre-service physical education teachers in Turkey. The findings revealed that social people tended to be satisfied with studying in the department of physical education; however, no significant relationship between social scores and academic performance existed, which means that higher social scores did not contribute to higher levels of academic performance. The best predictor of academic performance was found to be conventional personality type, which suggests that orderly, systematic and precise pre-service teachers tend to show higher levels of academic performance. Based on these results, the department of physical education seems to be an ideal department for those possessing social and conventional personality types.

  13. A pilot study on usability analysis of emergency department information system by nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, M S; Shapiro, J S; Genes, N; Aguilar, M V; Mohrer, D; Baumlin, K; Belden, J L

    2012-01-01

    Employing new health information technologies while concurrently providing quality patient care and reducing risk is a major challenge in all health care sectors. In this study, we investigated the usability gaps in the Emergency Department Information System (EDIS) as ten nurses differentiated by two experience levels, namely six expert nurses and four novice nurses, completed two lists of nine scenario-based tasks. Standard usability tests using video analysis, including four sets of performance measures, a task completion survey, the system usability scale (SUS), and sub-task analysis were conducted in order to analyze usability gaps between the two nurse groups. A varying degree of usability gaps were observed between the expert and novice nurse groups, as novice nurses completed the tasks both less efficiently, and expressed less satisfaction with the EDIS. The most interesting finding in this study was the result of 'percent task success rate,' the clearest performance measure, with no substantial difference observed between the two nurse groups. Geometric mean values between expert and novice nurse groups for this measure were 60% vs. 62% in scenario 1 and 66% vs. 55% in scenario 2 respectively, while there were some marginal to substantial gaps observed in other performance measures. In addition to performance measures and the SUS, sub-task analysis highlighted navigation pattern differences between users, regardless of experience level. This study will serve as a baseline study for a future comparative usability evaluation of EDIS in other institutions with similar clinical settings.

  14. Actions for Promoting Vocational Guidance in Medical Sciences: Student and Faculty Perceptions of their Quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Rosa Vilaboy Pérez

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: there are problems with enrollment in medical science programs due to the lack of proper vocational guidance. Objective: to evaluate a set of actions to promote vocational guidance in 12th-grade students attending senior high schools in Cienfuegos province. Methods: a qualitative and quantitative research was conducted comprising 523 students in the preparatory groups for entering medical school programs in Cienfuegos, 105 faculty members and 20 officials of the Provincial Education Department. The research study was divided into two parts, one devoted to the organization and planning of activities with the students, and the second part focused on their implementation and evaluation. The level of student and faculty satisfaction with the set of actions was analyzed. A Chi-square test of independence was used with a 95% confidence interval. Results: student’s expectations were met. The level of knowledge about the profession increased and the links between ministries and institutions (MINED-MINSAP were strengthened. There was a correspondence between the level of satisfaction of faculty members, students, and the administrators of the senior high schools, but all believed that family involvement should increase. Conclusions: a well-conceived set of actions favors vocational guidance in medical sciences; however, family involvement should increase, as well as the participation of students attending senior high schools distant from the capital city of the province.

  15. Implementation of Industrial Work Practice management at vocational high school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widodo, Joko; Samsudi, Sunyoto

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a management model of entrepreneurship-based Industrial Work Practice (Prakerin) at Vocational High School. This research was planned for three years under Research and Development design. The respondents were public and private Vocational High Schools in Semarang, Salatiga and District of Demak, Central Java, Indonesia. Data were collected through interviews, questionnaires, observation, and documentation. The data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Preliminary study shows that the implementation of Industrial Work Practice at Vocational High School, which has been carried out, was only to prepare the graduates to become an employee of the industry instead of entrepreneur. Further study is needed to develop a management model of entrepreneurship-based Industrial Work Practice at Vocational High School.

  16. 2009 - 2010 Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) Lidar: Deschutes Study Area

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Oregon Department of Geology June 14, 2010 30,161 31,969 10 Oct 12 - 17, 2009; May 29 - June 17, 2010 48,746 50,833 11 Oct 16 - Nov 5, 2009; May 28 - July 3,...

  17. Factors influencing the implementation of the guideline triage in emergency departments: a qualitative study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, M.A.M.; Achterberg, T. van; Adriaansen, M.J.M.; Kampshoff, C.S.; Schalk, D.M.; Mintjes-de Groot, A.J.

    2012-01-01

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objectives are: (1) to identify factors that influence the implementation of the guideline Triage in emergency departments [2004] in emergency departments in the Netherlands, and (2) to develop tailored implementation strategies for implementation of this guideline. BACKGROU

  18. Current use of intraosseous infusion in Danish emergency departments: a cross-sectional study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molin, Rune; Hallas, Peter; Brabrand, Mikkel;

    2010-01-01

    Intraosseous infusion (IOI) is recommended when intravenous access cannot be readily established in both pediatric and adult resuscitation. We evaluated the current use of IOI in Danish emergency departments (EDs).......Intraosseous infusion (IOI) is recommended when intravenous access cannot be readily established in both pediatric and adult resuscitation. We evaluated the current use of IOI in Danish emergency departments (EDs)....

  19. VR closure rates for two vocational models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Virginia V; Jones, Amanda M; Frounfelker, Rochelle; Harding, Brian; Hardin, Teresa; Bond, Gary R

    2008-01-01

    The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment is an evidence-based practice for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. To be financially viable, IPS programs require funding from the state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) system. However, some observers have questioned the compatibility of IPS and the VR system. Using a randomized controlled trial comparing IPS to a well-established vocational program called the Diversified Placement Approach (DPA), we examined rates of VR sponsorship and successful VR closures. We also describe the establishment of an active collaboration between a psychiatric rehabilitation agency and the state VR system to facilitate rapid VR sponsorship for IPS clients. Both IPS and DPA achieved a 44% rate of VR Status 26 closure when considering all clients entering the study. IPS and DPA averaged similar amount of time to achieve VR sponsorship. Time from vocational program entry to Status 26 was 51 days longer on average for IPS. Even though several IPS principles seem to run counter to VR practices, such as zero exclusion and rapid job search, we found IPS closure rates comparable to those for DPA, a vocational model that screens for readiness, provides prevocational preparation, and extensively uses agency-run businesses.

  20. 34 CFR 400.1 - What is the purpose of the Vocational and Applied Technology Education Programs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Technology Education Programs? 400.1 Section 400.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAMS-GENERAL PROVISIONS § 400.1 What is the purpose of the Vocational and Applied Technology Education Programs? (a) The purpose of the Vocational and Applied Technology...

  1. 高职学生英语学习动机多元分析%Multi-analysis of English Study Motivation for Higher Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵凛

    2011-01-01

    在第二语言习得中,学习动机是学习者对第二语言学习的需要或渴望,对学习效果具有重要的影响。通过调研和统计,对高职学生英语学习的动机进行分析和评价,可以总结出高职学生英语学习动机具有多元化的特点,据此可以提出相应的英语教学策略,将会有助于提高学生的学习效率和效果。%In second language acquisition, study motivation is the demand and desire of learners for the second language study, which has an important influence on study effect: Through survey and statistics, this paper analyzes and evaluates English study motivation for higher vocational students, and summarizes that their study motivation is qualified with the characteristics of diversification. Based on this, it can puts forward the corresponding EngliSh teaching strategy, which will be benefit for increasing students' study efficiency and effect.

  2. Resilience skills as emergent phenomena: A study of emergency departments in Brazil and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wachs, Priscila; Saurin, Tarcisio Abreu; Righi, Angela Weber; Wears, Robert Lewis

    2016-09-01

    Although the use of resilience skills (RSs) by emergency department (ED) front-line staff is ubiquitous, the nature and origin of these skills tend to be taken for granted. This study investigates the research question "where do RSs come from"? Case studies in two EDs were undertaken in order to answer the research question: one in Brazil and the other in the United States. The case studies adopted the same data collection and analysis procedures, involving interviews, questionnaires, observations, and analysis of documents. A model for describing RSs as emergent phenomena is proposed. The model indicates that RSs arise from interactions between: work constraints, hidden curriculum, gaps in standardized operating procedures, organizational support for resilience, and RSs themselves. An instantiation of the model is illustrated by a critical event identified from the American ED. The model allows the identification of leverage points for influencing the development of RSs, instead of leaving their evolution purely to chance. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. A Retrospective Analysis of the Burn Injury Patients Records in the Emergency Department, an Epidemiologic Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilgün Aksoy

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Burns can be very destructive, and severely endanger the health and lives of humans. It maybe cause disability and even psychological trauma in individuals. . Such an event can also lead to economic burden on victim’s families and society. The aim of our study is to evaluate epidemiology and outcome of burn patients referring to emergency department. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study was conducted by evaluation of patients’ files and forensic reports of burned patients’ referred to the emergency department (ED of Akdeniz hospital, Turkey, 2008. Demographic data, the season, place, reason, anatomical sites, total body surface area, degrees, proceeding treatment, and admission time were recorded. Multinomial logistic regression was used to compare frequencies’ differences among single categorized variables. Stepwise logistic regression was applied to develop a predictive model for hospitalization. P<0.05 was defined as a significant level. Results: Two hundred thirty patients were enrolled (53.9% female. The mean of patients' ages was 25.3 ± 22.3 years. The most prevalence of burn were in the 0-6 age group and most of which was hot liquid scalding (71.3%. The most affected parts of the body were the left and right upper extremities. With increasing the severity of triage level (OR=2.2; 95% CI: 1.02-4.66; p=0.046, intentional burn (OR=4.7; 95% CI: 1.03-21.8; p=0.047, referring from other hospitals or clinics (OR=3.4; 95% CI: 1.7-6.6; p=0.001, and percentage of burn (OR=18.1; 95% CI: 5.42-62.6; p<0.001 were independent predictive factor for hospitalization. In addition, odds of hospitalization was lower in patients older than 15 years (OR=0.7; 95% CI: 0.5-0.91; p=0.035. Conclusion: This study revealed the most frequent burns are encountered in the age group of 0-6 years, percentage of <10%, second degree, upper extremities, indoor, and scalding from hot liquids. Increasing ESI severity, intentional burn, referring from

  4. The Quality of Patients’ Files Documentation in Emergency Department; a Cross Sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Esmailian

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Emergency departments as one of the most important wards of hospitals, provide the emergency therapeutic care to decrease the mortality and disability rates among patients. The management and evaluation of emergency activities are possible through timely, accurate, and complete registration of information, based on standard rules. Thus, the aim of this research was detecting the observance rate of documentation standards in the emergency department of Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, to find patients’ files documentation failures and eliminate them. Methods: I This was a cross sectional study performed in the emergency department of Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, 2009. For data gathering, a checklist included 23 questions in two parts was used. The first and second parts had 9 and 14 questions to detect observance rate of patients’ characteristics documentation and nurse reports documentation, respectively. Based on Likert scale, the answer of each option includes blank (score 1, illegible (score 2, incomplete (score 3, and complete (score 4. Therefore, the minimum and maximum reachable scores were determined 9-36 in the documentation of patients’ characteristics and 14-56 in the nurse reports. Data was analyzed using SPSS 8 and Chi-squared test and Fisher’s exact test were applied to compare qualitative data. Student’s t-test was used to compare quantitative information, too. P<0.05 was considered as significant. Results: 300 documents were studied in this research. The average of reached score in the quality assessment of patients record completion was 24.66±17 (15-34, (the maximum reachable score was 36. The total score of emergency patients records was 61.8±4.8 (45-74 from total of 92 reachable scores. The average of total reached score for nurse reports was 37.2±3.7 (28-46, (with the maximum reachable score of 56. No significant difference was seen in the accuracy of patients’ documentation according to referring

  5. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  6. DVT presentations to an emergency department: a study of guideline based care and decision making

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lillis, D

    2016-02-01

    Pre-test probability scoring and blood tests for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) assessment are sensitive, but not specific leading to increased demands on radiology services. Three hundred and eighty-five patients presenting to an Emergency Department (ED), with suspected DVT, were studied to explore our actual work-up of patients with possible DVT relating to risk stratification, further investigation and follow up. Of the 205 patients with an initially negative scan, 36 (17.6%) were brought for review to the ED Consultant clinic. Thirty-four (16.6%) patients underwent repeat compression ultrasound with 5 (2.4%) demonstrating a DVT on the second scan. Repeat compression ultrasound scans were performed on 34 (16.6%) patients with an initially negative scan, with essentially the same diagnostic yield as other larger studies where 100% of such patients had repeat scanning. Where there is ongoing concern, repeat above-knee compression ultrasound within one week will pick up a small number of deep venous thromboses.

  7. Review of in vivo static and ELF electric fields studies performed at Gazi Biophysics Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyhan, Nesrin; Güler, Göknur

    2006-01-01

    In vivo effects of Static Electric and ELF Magnetic and Electric fields have been carried out for more than 20 years in the Bioelectromagnetic Laboratory at the Biophysics Department of the Medical Faculty of Gazi University. In this article, the results of in vivo ELF Electric field studies are presented as a review. Static and 50 Hz ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) Electric (E) fields effects on free radical synthesis, antioxidant enzyme level, and collagen synthesis were analyzed on tissues of guinea pigs, such as brain, liver, lung, kidney, spleen, testis, and plasma. Animals were exposed to static and ELF electric fields with intensities ranging from 0.3 kV/m to 1.9 kV/m in vertical and horizontal directions. Exposure periods were 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 days. Electric fields were generated from a specially designed parallel plate capacitor system. The results indicate that the effects of electric fields on the tissues studied depend significantly on the type and magnitude of electric field and exposure period.

  8. Drug Utilization Study in Outpatient Ophthalmology Department of Government Medical College Jammu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meenakshi Nehru, K. Kohli, B. Kapoor, P. Sadhotra, V. Chopra, R. Sharma

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study was undertaken to assess the patterns of prescription and drug utilization bymeasuring WHO delineated drug use indicators. This study was conducted in the PostgraduateDepartment of Pharmacology and Therapeutics in collaboration with the Postgraduate Departmentof Ophthalmology Govt. Medical College Hospital, Jammu. Total number of prescriptions analyzedwere 440 , in which total of 822 drugs were prescribed. Analysis of the prescriptions showed thataverage number of drugs per prescription was 1.87. The maximum number of drugs prescribed werein the form of eye drops (66.18%, followed by ointments (16%, capsules (9.5%, tablet (6.57%,syrup (0.73%, injection (0.73% and lotion (0.24%. The dosage form was indicated for 94%,frequency of drug administration for 98% drugs and duration of treatment for only 75% of the drugsprescribed. The number of antibiotics prescribed was 266 (32.26%, out of these 160 (60.15%antibiotics prescribed in the form of drops, 100 (37.59% as ointment and 6 (2.26% orally. Numberof encounters with anti-inflammatory and antiallergic drugs was 92 (11.2%, mydriatics and cycloplegics64(7.9%, miotics 20 (2.4%, multivitamins 58 (7.05% andothers used were lubricant and miscellaneouseye drops 322 (40%. Common prescription writing errors were minimum and there was no evidence ofpolypharmacy. However, duration of treatment and prescribing by generic name was very low.

  9. The importance of vocational ethics in paramedic education, vocational ethics course for paramedics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pakdemirli Ahu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethics are rules of behaviors which morally good or bad. Bioethics is the study of ethics about by advances in biology and medicine. Health care providers should have knowledge about health professional ethics principles, public officials’ ethical behavior principles and ethical principles concerned about other legislation. They should find the required information to make logical, objective and accurate decisions where they may face with ethical problems in their professional life. Unfortunately in our country there isn’t any special vocational ethics course designed for paramedics. Our aim is to design a Vocational Ethics Course for Paramedics which includes all issues of bioethics.

  10. Emergency department nurses' experiences of occupational stress: A qualitative study from a public hospital in Bangkok, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuwanich, Nuttapol; Sandmark, Hélène; Akhavan, Sharareh

    2015-10-30

    Occupational stress has been a health-related issue among nurses for many decades. Emergency department nurses are frequently confronted with occupational stress in their workplace; in particular, they encounter stressful situations and unpredictable events. These encounters could make them feel more stressed than nurses in other departments. Research considering occupational stress from the perspective of Thai emergency department nurses is limited. This study aimed to explore nurses' perceptions of occupational stress in an emergency department. A qualitative approach was used to gain an understanding of nurses' experiences and perceptions regarding stress in their workplace. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection. Twenty-one emergency department nurses working in a public hospital in Thailand were interviewed, and the data were analyzed using content analysis. The findings comprised three themes: (1) perceived stress, (2) consequences of stress, and (3) stress management. The results of this study can be used by hospital management to help them adopt effective strategies, such as support programs involving co-workers/supervisors, to decrease occupational stress among emergency department nurses. Future research that explores each of the themes found in this study could offer a more comprehensive understanding of nurses' occupational stress in the emergency department.

  11. Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Empirical Study of the Current Management Practices in the Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-21

    Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Empirical Study of the Current Management Practices in the Army 21 September...Managing the Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Empirical Study of the Current Management Practices in the Army 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...Service Supply Chain , Services Acquisition, Service Lifecycle, Contract Management, Project Management, Program Management = = ^Åèìáëáíáçå=oÉëÉ~êÅÜ

  12. Why patients self-refer to the Emergency Department: A qualitative interview study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraaijvanger, Nicole; Rijpsma, Douwe; Willink, Lisa; Lucassen, Peter; van Leeuwen, Henk; Edwards, Michael

    2017-06-01

    There have been multiple studies investigating reasons for patients to self-refer to the Emergency Department (ED). The majority made use of questionnaires and excluded patients with urgent conditions. The goal of this qualitative study is to explore what motives patients have to self-refer to an ED, also including patients in urgent triage categories. In a large teaching hospital in the Netherlands, a qualitative interview study focusing on reasons for self-referring to the ED was performed. Self-referred patients were included until no new reasons for attending the ED were found. Exclusion criteria were as follows: not mentally able to be interviewed or not speaking Dutch. Patients who were in need of urgent care were treated first, before being asked to participate. Interviews followed a predefined topic guide. Practicing cyclic analysis, the interview topic guide was modified during the inclusion period. Interviews were recorded on an audio recorder, transcribed verbatim, and anonymized. Two investigators independently coded the information and combined the codes into meaningful clusters. Subsequently, these were categorized into themes to build a framework of reasons for self-referral to the ED. Characteristic quotes were used to illustrate the acquired theoretical framework. Thirty self-referred patients were interviewed. Most of the participants were male (63%), with a mean age of 46 years. Two main themes emerged from the interviews that are pertinent to the patients' decisions to attend the ED: (1) health concerns and (2) practical issues. This study found that there are 2 clearly distinctive reasons for self-referral to the ED: health concerns or practical motives. Self-referral because of practical motives is probably most suitable for strategies that aim to reduce inappropriate ED visits. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  13. A Prevalence and Management Study of Acute Pain in Children Attending Emergency Departments by Ambulance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Adrian; McCoy, Siobhan; O'Reilly, Kay; Fogarty, Eoin; Dietz, Jason; Crispino, Gloria; Wakai, Abel; O'Sullivan, Ronan

    2016-01-01

    Pain is the most common symptom in the emergency setting and remains one of the most challenging problems for emergency care providers, particularly in the pediatric population. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of acute pain in children attending emergency departments (EDs) in Ireland by ambulance. In addition, this study sought to describe the prehospital and initial ED management of pain in this population, with specific reference to etiology of pain, frequency of pain assessment, pain severity, and pharmacological analgesic interventions. A prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken over a 12-month period of all pediatric patients transported by emergency ambulance to four tertiary referral hospitals in Ireland. All children (ambulance, of which 2,635 (41.4%, 95% confidence interval 40.2-42.3%) had pain as a documented symptom on the ambulance patient care report (PCR) form. Overall 32% (n = 856) of children who complained of pain were subject to a formal pain assessment during the prehospital phase of care. Younger age, short transfer time to the ED, and emergency calls between midnight and 6 am were independently associated with decreased likelihood of having a documented assessment of pain intensity during the prehospital phase of care. Of the 2,635 children who had documented pain on the ambulance PCR, 26% (n = 689) received some form of analgesic agent prior to ED arrival. Upon ED arrival 54% (n = 1,422) of children had a documented pain assessment and some form of analgesic agent was administered to 50% (n = 1,324). Approximately 41% of children who attend EDs in Ireland by ambulance have pain documented as their primary symptom. This study suggests that the management of acute pain in children transferred by ambulance to the ED in Ireland is currently poor, with documentary evidence of only 26% receiving prehospital analgesic agents.

  14. The Reasons for the Interruption of Vocational Training in Estonian Vocational Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beilmann, Mai; Espenberg, Kerly

    2016-01-01

    Dropping out of school before achieving any qualification is a serious problem both at an individual and societal level. This study provides an insight into the lives of young people who have dropped out or are at a risk of dropping out of vocational schools in Estonia and gives an overview of the reasons behind the interruption of their studies.…

  15. Emotional Education in English Teaching in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金秀金

    2008-01-01

    English teaching in vocational colleges must manifest its essence and help students feel the spirit of the language.Looking from the humanism of language,we cannot abandon the humanity attribute of the language,study environment and the humanities concern.Therefore,we must pay more attention to students'emotion,conduct a series of humanities concern throughout the whole teaching process in vocational colleges.

  16. Adolescent alcohol intoxication in the dutch hospital departments of pediatrics: A 2-year comparison study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoof, J.J. van; Lely, N. van der; Bouthoorn, S.H.; Dalen, W.E. van; Pereira, R.R.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To monitor the prevalence of, and the circumstances leading to, adolescent alcohol intoxication admissions in Dutch hospital departments of pediatrics. Methods: Data were collected in 2007 and 2008, using the Dutch Pediatric Surveillance System, in which pediatricians received questionnaire

  17. The design of a corporate identity for a department of medical illustration: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, G

    2001-06-01

    This paper outlines the author's attempt to design and introduce a corporate identity into the Department of Medical Illustration at the South Buckinghamshire NHS Trust. It is intended to furnish the reader with an insight into the process of designing a corporate identity and to relate one department's experience. This may be useful for those who wish to develop a corporate identity of their own or contribute, as a department, towards an identity for their own Trust or other institution. A major change in government policy about the identity of NHS Trusts has meant that use of the department's new logo has had to be abandoned in favour of the new NHS corporate identity.

  18. Drug Utilization Study in Ophthalmology Out‑patient Department of a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and escalation in the pricing of drugs have increased the importance of ... the drug utilization pattern in ophthalmology out‑patient department (OPD) of a Medical. College in India. .... Malaysia; the findings of a household survey. Al Ameen J.

  19. Psychiatric service users, experiences of emergency departments: a CERQual review oaf qualitative studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lotte Groth; Carstensen, Kathrine; Lou, Stina

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Background: There is increased clinical and political attention towards integrating general and psychiatric emergency departments (ED). However, research into psychiatric service users’ experiences regarding general EDs is limited. Aim: To identify and summarize current, qualitative...

  20. 高职学生职业决策自我效能感的特点研究--以盘锦职业技术学院为例%Study on the characteristics of Higher Vocational Students' occupation decision self-efficacy--Taking Panjin Vocational and Technical College as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟微

    2014-01-01

    This study systematically reviews the occupation self-efficacy, self-efficacy and occupation decision-makingself-efficacy concept and theory, at home and abroad on occupation decision-making self-efficacy research achievements. In this study, one or two grade 558 students of Panjin Vocational and Technical College as the research object, through the"university student occupation decision making self efficacy scale"status occupation decision for Higher Vocational Students' self-efficacy were investigated, in this research the author designs gender, grade and students of 3 variables, and to study the effect of these variables on the difference occupation decision of Vocational College Students' self-efficacy.%本研究系统梳理了自我效能感、职业自我效能感以及职业决策自我效能感等概念和理论,并对国内外关于职业决策自我效能感的相关研究成果进行梳理。本研究以盘锦职业技术学院一、二年级558名高职生为研究对象,通过“大学生职业决策自我效能”量表对高职学生的职业决策自我效能感的现状进行了调查,本研究中笔者只设计了性别、年级以及生源等3个变量,并研究这些变量对高职学生职业决策自我效能感的差异影响。

  1. Factors That Influence Students Not To Enroll at the Vanguard Joint Vocational School. Factors That Influence Students Not To Enroll at the Lawrence County Joint Vocational School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    Two research reports provide results of two Ohio studies to investigate factors that influence a student not to enter a high school vocational curriculum. The studies focus on the Vanguard Joint Vocational School (JVS) and five feeder comprehensive high schools and the Lawrence County JVS and seven feeder comprehensive high schools. Both reports…

  2. Effects of vocationally oriented medical rehabilitation for aircraft maintenance personnel--a preliminary study of long-term effects with 5-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holopainen, Kaj; Nevala, Nina; Kuronen, Pentti; Arokoski, Jari P A

    2004-12-01

    Changes in the physical capacity, musculoskeletal symptoms, and perceived work ability of Finnish Air Force maintenance personnel were studied after vocationally oriented medical rehabilitation (VOMR). Twenty persons with chronic musculoskeletal symptoms in their back or neck took part in VOMR courses. The measurements were carried out at the beginning of the rehabilitation course and after two follow-up periods (0.5 and 5 years). The subjects worked most of the time in a bent position and often with their backs twisted and their arms above their shoulders. The severity of low-back pain and the number of days of sick leave decreased significantly (p < 0.05-0.01) during the 5-years follow-up. Also the exercise breaks at work increased (p < 0.01). After half a year of medical rehabilitation the measured range of the cervical spine and the dynamic and endurance strength of the upper and lower extremities was greater (p < 0.05-0.001) than at the beginning of the rehabilitation. There were no statistically significant differences in the use of physical therapy, experienced work strain, physical exercise or maximal oxygen consumption during the follow-up. This is a preliminary follow-up study lasting 5 years showed some significant changes in physical capacity, musculoskeletal symptoms and work ability. However, controlled studies are needed to evaluate these preliminary findings of this kind of rehabilitation model.

  3. Effect of a change management program in a medical device reprocessing department: a mixed methods study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadwick, Judy; Knapp, Mike; Sinclair, Douglas; Arshoff, Larry

    2014-01-01

    Faced with a variety of challenges in relation to performance, quality, staff engagement and morale in the Medical Device Reprocessing Department, managers at St. Michael's Hospital developed and implemented several innovative approaches including combining staff training and performance metrics. The results of these initiatives included a substantial reduction in the departmental budget along with higher productivity, output and quality; better staff morale; an improved relationship between management and the union; and a stronger partnership between the department and its institutional customers.

  4. The effect of medical trainees on pediatric emergency department flow: a discrete event simulation modeling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genuis, Emerson D; Doan, Quynh

    2013-11-01

    Providing patient care and medical education are both important missions of teaching hospital emergency departments (EDs). With medical school enrollment rising, and ED crowding becoming an increasing prevalent issue, it is important for both pediatric EDs (PEDs) and general EDs to find a balance between these two potentially competing goals. The objective was to determine how the number of trainees in a PED affects patient wait time, total ED length of stay (LOS), and rates of patients leaving without being seen (LWBS) for PED patients overall and stratified by acuity level as defined by the Pediatric Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) using discrete event simulation (DES) modeling. A DES model of an urban tertiary care PED, which receives approximately 40,000 visits annually, was created and validated. Thirteen different trainee schedules, which ranged from averaging zero to six trainees per shift, were input into the DES model and the outcome measures were determined using the combined output of five model iterations. An increase in LOS of approximately 7 minutes was noted to be associated with each additional trainee per attending emergency physician working in the PED. The relationship between the number of trainees and wait time varied with patients' level of acuity and with the degree of PED utilization. Patient wait time decreased as the number of trainees increased for low-acuity visits and when the PED was not operating at full capacity. With rising numbers of trainees, the PED LWBS rate decreased in the whole department and in the CTAS 4 and 5 patient groups, but it rose in patients triaged CTAS 3 or higher. A rising numbers of trainees was not associated with any change to flow outcomes for CTAS 1 patients. The results of this study demonstrate that trainees in PEDs have an impact mainly on patient LOS and that the effect on wait time differs between patients presenting with varying degrees of acuity. These findings will assist PEDs in finding a

  5. A pilot cross-sectional study of patients presenting with cellulitis to emergency departments.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Quirke, M

    2014-11-01

    To characterise the Emergency Department (ED) prevalence of cellulitis, factors predicting oral antibiotic therapy and the utility of the Clinical Resource Efficiency Support Team (CREST) guideline in predicting patient management in the ED setting, a prospective, cross-sectional study of consecutive adult patients presenting to 3 Irish EDs was performed. The overall prevalence of cellulitis was 12 per 1,000 ED visits. Of 59 patients enrolled, 45.8% were discharged. Predictors of treatment with oral antibiotics were: CREST, Class 1 allocation (odds ratio (OR) 6.81, 95% Cl =1.5-30.1, p=0.012), patient self-referral (OR= 6.2, 95% Cl 1.9- 20.0, p=0.03) and symptom duration longer than 48 hours (OR 1.2, 95% Cl = 1.0-1.5,p=0.049). In conflict with guideline recommendation, 43% of patients in CREST Class 1 received IV therapy. Treatment with oral antibiotics was predicted by CREST Class 1 allocation, self-referral, symptom duration of more than 48 hours and absence of pre-EO antibiotic therapy.

  6. Hanford site: A guide to record series supporting epidemiologic studies conducted for the Department of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-06

    The primary purpose of this guide is to describe each series of records which pertains to studies of worker health and mortality funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at the Hanford site. Additionally, the guide provides information on the location and classification of the records and how they may be accessed. History Associates Incorporated (HAI) prepared this guide as part of its work as the support services contractor for DOE`s Epidemiologic Records Inventory Project. This introduction briefly describes the Epidemiologic Records Inventory Project, HAI`s role in the project, the history of the DOE and the Hanford site, and Hanford`s organizational structure. It provides information on the methodology used to inventory and describe pertinent records stored in various onsite offices, in Hanford`s Records Holding Area (RHA), and at the Seattle Federal Records Center (SFRC). Other topics include the methodology used to produce the guide, the arrangement of the record Series descrimations, and information on accessing records repositories.

  7. The Role Descriptions of Triage Nurse in Emergency Department: A Delphi Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Ebrahimi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Triage nurses play a pivotal role in the emergency department. However some researchers have attempted to expand triage nurse’s role; remarkable discrepancies exist among scholarly communities. The aim was to develop a role description of triage nurse relying on the experts. Methods. A modified Delphi study consisting of 3 rounds was performed from March to October 2014. In the first round, an extensive review of the literature was conducted. Expert selection was conducted through a purposeful sample of 38 emergency medicine experts. Results. Response rates for the second and third rounds were 37% and 58%. Average age of panelists was (38.42±5.94 years. Thirty-nine out of 54 items reached to the final round. Prioritizing had the higher agreement rate and least agreement on triage related interventions. Conclusion. Triage nursing as a relatively new role for nurses needs significant development to be practiced. Comprehensive educational programs and developmental research are required to support diagnostic and therapeutic interventions in triage practice by nurses.

  8. E-bike injuries: experience from an urban emergency department-a retrospective study from Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papoutsi, Sylvana; Martinolli, Luca; Braun, Christian Tasso; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis K

    2014-01-01

    Background. Between 2005 and 2012, annual sales of E-bikes in Switzerland increased from 1,792 to 52,941. This continuous and rapid transition from human-powered bicycles to an electric bicycle technology may indicate the increasing demand for low-cost transportation technology in combination with a healthy lifestyle. Material and Methods. In the present study, from April 2012 to September 2013, we retrospectively analysed E-bike accidents treated in the Emergency Department of our hospital by focusing on the following parameters: age, gender, time, period, and cause of the accident, as well as injury and outcome. Results. Patients were predominantly male. The mean age of injured E-cyclists was 47.5 years. The main causes of injury were self-accident. Most injuries were to the head/neck. The mean ISS was 8.48. The outcome showed that 9 patients were treated as outpatients, 9 were inpatients, and 5 patients were kept in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Only six patients underwent surgery (S). Discussion. This is the first attempt to evaluate E-bike injuries in Switzerland in an acute hospital setting. Since there is increasing popular preference for E-bikes as means of transportation and injuries to the head or neck are prevalent among E-cyclists, the hazard should not to be underestimated.

  9. Parental responses to child experiences of trauma following presentation at emergency departments: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Victoria; Creswell, Cathy; Butler, Ian; Christie, Hope; Halligan, Sarah L

    2016-11-07

    Parents are often children's main source of support following fear-inducing traumatic events, yet little is known about how parents provide that support. The aim of this study was to examine parents' experiences of supporting their child following child trauma exposure and presentation at an emergency department (ED). Semistructured qualitative interviews analysed using thematic analysis. The setting for this study was two National Health Service EDs in England. 20 parents whose child experienced a traumatic event and attended an ED between August 2014 and October 2015. Parents were sensitive to their child's distress and offered reassurance and support for their child to resume normal activities. However, parental beliefs often inhibited children's reinstatement of pretrauma routines. Support often focused on preventing future illness or injury, reflective of parents' concerns for their child's physical well-being. In a minority of parents, appraisals of problematic care from EDs contributed to parents' anxiety and perceptions of their child as vulnerable post-trauma. Forgetting the trauma and avoidance of discussion were encouraged as coping strategies to prevent further distress. Parents highlighted their need for further guidance and support regarding their child's physical and emotional recovery. This study provides insight into the experiences of and challenges faced by parents in supporting their child following trauma exposure. Perceptions of their child's physical vulnerability and treatment influenced parents' responses and the supportive strategies employed. These findings may enable clinicians to generate meaningful advice for parents following child attendance at EDs post-trauma. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  10. Residential traffic exposure and children's emergency department presentation for asthma: a spatial study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pereira Gavin

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is increasing evidence that residential proximity to roadways is associated with an elevated risk of asthma exacerbation. However, there is no consensus on the distance at which these health effects diminishes to background levels. Therefore the optimal, clinically relevant measure of exposure remains uncertain. Using four spatially defined exposure metrics, we evaluated the association between residential proximity to roadways and emergency department (ED presentation for asthma in Perth, Western Australia. Method The study population consisted of 1809 children aged between 0 and 19 years who had presented at an ED between 2002 and 2006 and were resident in a south-west metropolitan area of Perth traversed by major motorways. We used a 1:2 matched case-control study with gastroenteritis and upper limb injury as the control conditions. To estimate exposure to traffic emissions, we used 4 contrasting methods and 2 independently derived sources of traffic data (video-monitored traffic counts and those obtained from the state government road authority. The following estimates of traffic exposure were compared: (1 a point pattern method, (2 a distance-weighted traffic exposure method, (3 a simple distance method and (4 a road length method. Results Risk estimates were sensitive to socio-economic gradients and the type of exposure method that was applied. Unexpectedly, a range of apparent protective effects were observed for some exposure metrics. The kernel density measure demonstrated more than a 2-fold (OR 2.51, 95% CI 2.00 - 3.15 increased risk of asthma ED presentation for the high exposure group compared to the low exposure group. Conclusion We assessed exposure using traffic data from 2 independent sources and compared the results of 4 different exposure metric types. The results indicate that traffic congestion may be one of the most important aspects of traffic-related exposures, despite being overlooked in many

  11. A prospective, multicenter study of pharmacist activities resulting in medication error interception in the emergency department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patanwala, Asad E; Sanders, Arthur B; Thomas, Michael C; Acquisto, Nicole M; Weant, Kyle A; Baker, Stephanie N; Merritt, Erica M; Erstad, Brian L

    2012-05-01

    The primary objective of this study is to determine the activities of pharmacists that lead to medication error interception in the emergency department (ED). This was a prospective, multicenter cohort study conducted in 4 geographically diverse academic and community EDs in the United States. Each site had clinical pharmacy services. Pharmacists at each site recorded their medication error interceptions for 250 hours of cumulative time when present in the ED (1,000 hours total for all 4 sites). Items recorded included the activities of the pharmacist that led to medication error interception, type of orders, phase of medication use process, and type of error. Independent evaluators reviewed all medication errors. Descriptive analyses were performed for all variables. A total of 16,446 patients presented to the EDs during the study, resulting in 364 confirmed medication error interceptions by pharmacists. The pharmacists' activities that led to medication error interception were as follows: involvement in consultative activities (n=187; 51.4%), review of medication orders (n=127; 34.9%), and other (n=50; 13.7%). The types of orders resulting in medication error interceptions were written or computerized orders (n=198; 54.4%), verbal orders (n=119; 32.7%), and other (n=47; 12.9%). Most medication error interceptions occurred during the prescribing phase of the medication use process (n=300; 82.4%) and the most common type of error was wrong dose (n=161; 44.2%). Pharmacists' review of written or computerized medication orders accounts for only a third of medication error interceptions. Most medication error interceptions occur during consultative activities. Copyright © 2011. Published by Mosby, Inc.

  12. Pediatricians' attitudes and costs of bronchiolitis in the emergency department: a prospective multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Marcos, Luis; Valverde-Molina, José; Pavlovic-Nesic, Svetlana; Claret-Teruel, Gemma; Peñalba-Citores, Ana C; Nehme-Álvarez, Daniel; Korta-Murua, Javier; Sánchez-Etxaniz, Jesus; Alonso-Salas, Maria T; Campos-Calleja, Carmen; Fernández-Villar, Andrés; Rodríguez-Suarez, Julian

    2014-10-01

    How pediatricians manage bronchiolitis and the derived total costs (direct and indirect) in the emergency department (ED) have not been fully characterized. The aim of the present study is to calculate those costs in a European country. A prospective and observational study, including 10 EDs of tertiary hospitals throughout Spain and during the bronchiolitis season 2010-2011, was performed. Every ED recruited children on random days of the week (3 days per week; always including one non-working day per every week). Recruitment aimed at a total sample size of 600 children. Direct (diagnostic procedures, time spent in the ED and medication) and indirect costs (work hours lost by parents, babysitting, travels, and meals) were collected. Comparisons between bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and non-RSV bronchiolitis, as well as costs across severity categories were performed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. A multiple regression model was built to assess the influence of several of the studied factors on the total costs, including a RSV positive test and episode severity as independent variables; and gender, age, attending nursery school, preterm birth, low birth weight, smoker mother during pregnancy, and current smoker father as covariates. From the 664 recruited children, direct mean costs were €213.2 ± 91.8 and indirect ones were €35.9 ± 55.3; the total costs being €249.2 ± 122.9. Costs were significantly higher in children positive to RSV and rose with increased severity. Those associations were maintained in the multiple regression analysis. Although relatively low at the individual level (€249.2, mean total cost) the costs for just the ED expenses of bronchiolitis in Spain would add up to about €20 million per year. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Barriers to participation in vocational orientation programmes among prisoners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorien Brosens

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the barriers to prisoners’ participation in vocational education, as well as the predictors of different types of barriers. Survey data derived from a project in a remand prison in Belgium (N=468 provided the empirical evidence for the analyses. The results indicate that facing situational and informational barriers are most common. Based on the different kinds of barriers, various types of non-participants can be distinguished and multinomial logistic regression analyses are conducted to identify in what way participants of vocational education differ from various types of non-participants. For instance, prisoners with a poor understanding of the Dutch language and those who never/rarely receive visitors participate less in vocational education as they are more likely to be confronted with informational barriers. We conclude this article by discussing paths for future research and implications for policy and practice to anticipate the barriers for those who want to participate in vocational education.

  14. A Study on the Interactive Teaching Mode in Five-year Higher Vocational English Class%五年制高职英语课堂互动式教学模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁超

    2012-01-01

    本文在分析五年制高职英语课堂传统教学模式的基础上,研究和探索一种全新的互动式教学模式,以提高学生运用英语进行交际的能力,达到提高教学效率的目的。%As everybody knows, classroom interaction is a common participation of face-to-face interpersonal interaction activities between a teacher and his students. Successful management of classroom interaction is the key to improving teaching efficiency and effectiveness. Based on the analysis of the traditional teaching model of five-year higher vocational English, this article is for the purpose of studying and exploring one brand-new five-year higher vocational English classroom teaching mode, interactive teaching mode, to achieve the goal of training students' communicative competence in English.

  15. Legal Scholarship as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, David

    2001-01-01

    Explores the more purely theoretical side of the legal scholar's vocation, using Max Weber's text on the scholar's role titled "Science as a Vocation." Discusses the consequences of the tension between law schools' generalist "pretensions" and increasingly specialist character, and Weber's fact/value distinction. (EV)

  16. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of…

  17. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of people,…

  18. Vocational Indecision and Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Assessed the vocational decision-making problems of rehabilitation clients (N=60). Revealed that decision-making problems of clients can be grouped into three areas: employment readiness, self-appraisal, and decision-making readiness. Suggested that vocationally decided and undecided subjects differ significantly in the extent to which they have…

  19. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  20. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  1. Vocational Literacy in Mozambique: Historical Development, Current Challenges and Contradictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Popov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The study analyses the historical development of vocational literacy in basic education and Non-Formal Vocational Education (NFVE in Mozambique, as well as current challenges and contradictions. The theoretical lens of Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT is employed in the study. Methodologically the study was executed through an analysis of oral, printed and e-resources produced by the main stakeholders and also the reflective experiences of the authors in their extensive educational work in the country. The findings reveal poorly developed vocational literacy education in schools and non-formal settings in spite of recurrent political declarations about its importance. There is a strong dependence by formal and particularly NFVE sectors on the technical and financial support provided by international organisations. Vocational literacy courses are characterized by a lack of adequate equipment and poor practice. As a consequence, theoretical or elementary forms of vocational knowledge are dominant in the courses, resulting in the dissatisfaction of both learners and educators. Vocational literacy development proved to be a complex field that faces many challenges and ischaracterised by diverse internal contradictions.

  2. 中职生数学学业韧性研究%Study on Mathematics Academic Resilience in Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈飞

    2015-01-01

    Academic resilience is the process of bringing into play individual psychological charac-teristics and the use of resources to deal with the difficulties in school education and achieve good results. This study, with the students in the secondary vocational schools as the research object, used the “middle school students’ resilience questionnaire” to carry out the research on students who show their academic resilience and those who are in difficulties of mathematics learning. The results showed that: Firstly, the students in difficulties of mathematics learning are not as good as the students who show their academic resilience both in total mark and various dimensions of academic resilience. Secondly, Students in grade three of secondary vocational schools achieve the highest mark followed by the students in grade one in a-cademic resilience, and the students in grade two gets the lowest mark. Thirdly, academic resilience and academic achievement have a high degree of correlation.%学业韧性是个体有效发挥个人心理特征和利用身边的资源来应对学业困境并取得良好结果的过程。以中职生为研究对象,运用《中学生学业韧性问卷》对表现出学业韧性的学生以及处于数学学业困境的学生进行了研究。结果表明:数学学习困难的学生在学业韧性总分和学业韧性的各个维度上都不如学业韧性组的学生,中职三年级学业韧性水平最高,其次是中职一年级,中职二年级学业韧性最低;学业韧性同学业成绩有高度的相关。

  3. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  4. A Narrative Study on the Growth of a Young Higher Vocational English Teacher’s Teaching Reflection%在反思中成长的高职青年英语教师:一项叙事研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹娟

    2016-01-01

    Teaching reflection is an effective way for foreign language teachers to realize their professional development. In this paper, the author applies the narrative case study research method, tracing the relationship between a young higher vocational English teacher’s teaching reflection as well as her professional development. Based on the qualitative narrative research data, the paper finds out that the initiative to reflect the classroom teaching can promote the improvement of the young higher vocational English teacher’s classroom practice competency; the student-centered teaching reflection can motivate the young higher vocational English teacher to actively take action research for the purpose of promoting her teaching and students’learning; this study also discovers that holding a positive emotional attitude is significant basis for the professional development of young higher vocational english teacher.%教学反思是外语教师实现自我专业成长的有效途径。采用叙事性个案研究方法,追踪一高职青年英语教师教学反思与其专业成长的关系。其叙事性研究表明:主动对课堂与教学进行反思能促进高职青年英语教师课堂实践能力的提升;以学生为中心的教学反思能推动高职青年教师积极采取行动研究以促进自己的教学和学生的学习;积极的情感态度是高职青年英语教师专业发展的重要基础。

  5. 高职旅游类专业文明寝室评价指标体系研究%Study on the Evaluation Indexes of Civilized Dormitory of Tourism Specialty Students in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易红燕

    2016-01-01

    Construction of civilized dormitory in vocational college is a routine task. Tourism specialty in vocational college has distinct feature. Specialty cultivation is the core of vocational college education. From the point of tourism specialty cultivation, this study combines specialty cultivation with construction of civilized dormitory, so as to make an investigation of the evaluation indexes of civilized dormitory in vocational college, thus formulate evaluation Indexes of civilized dormitory of tourism specialty students. With the example of 10 dormitories of 2014 Hotel Management classes in Three Gorges Tourism Technical College, it carries out case study on evaluation result of civilized dormitory, consequently, it put forward suggestions.%高职文明寝室建设是一项常规的工作。高职旅游类专业特色明显,专业培养是高职教育的核心。从旅游类专业培养角度,将专业培养融入到文明寝室建设中,以此研究高职文明寝室评价指标体系,建立旅游类专业文明寝室评价指标体系。以三峡旅游职业技术学院2014级酒店管理班10个寝室为例,实证研究了文明寝室的评价结果并提出建议措施。

  6. A cross-sectional study of the self-report of stress among emergency department patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirenberg Ted

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a lack of information about the prevalence of stress and types of stressors experienced by Emergency Department (ED patients. Objective: The present aim is to study the prevalence of stress, types of stressful situations and the relationship with other health issues within the ED population. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed in an ED at a level-1 urban trauma center for four months. An anonymous survey was offered to adult non critically ill patients who were admitted in the ED. They were divided on the basis of gender, age and level of stress and were asked about their demographics, reasons for their ED visit and health issues including stress, tobacco, alcohol and marijuana use, weight concern and health. Chi-square for the categorical variables and unpaired t-tests for continuous variables were conducted. Results: We interviewed 1797 patients, over 66% reported that they felt stressed on at least a weekly basis, and over 45% indicated that they felt stressed more than twice per week. While both young and old were equally stressed, females reported significantly more stress. Family, finances and work are the most frequently cited stressors. Different age groups reported different types of stressors. Overall, those patients reporting being stressed more frequently reported more high risk behaviors including cigarette and marijuana use and health problems including being overweight, being depressed, and having sleeping problems and chronic fatigue. Conclusions: Considering the high frequency of ED patients that report frequent stress and high risk behaviors, their ED visit may be an excellent opportunity to provide a referral or an intervention for stress reduction.

  7. Environmental factors and their association with emergency department hand hygiene compliance: an observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Eileen J; Wyer, Peter; Giglio, James; Jia, Haomiao; Nelson, Germaine; Kauari, Vepuka E; Larson, Elaine L

    2016-05-01

    Hand hygiene is effective in preventing healthcare-associated infections. Environmental conditions in the emergency department (ED), including crowding and the use of non-traditional patient care areas (ie, hallways), may pose barriers to hand hygiene compliance. We examined the relationship between these environmental conditions and proper hand hygiene. This was a single-site, observational study. From October 2013 to January 2014, trained observers recorded hand hygiene compliance among staff in the ED according to the World Health Organization 'My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene'. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyse the relationship between environmental conditions and hand hygiene compliance, while controlling for important covariates (eg, hand hygiene indication, glove use, shift, etc). A total of 1673 hand hygiene opportunities were observed. In multivariable analyses, hand hygiene compliance was significantly lower when the ED was at its highest level of crowding than when the ED was not crowded and lower among hallway care areas than semiprivate care areas (OR=0.39, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.55; OR=0.73, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.97). Unique environmental conditions pose barriers to hand hygiene compliance in the ED setting and should be considered by ED hand hygiene improvement efforts. Further study is needed to evaluate the impact of these environmental conditions on actual rates of infection transmission. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  8. Quality of care in elder emergency department patients with pneumonia: a prospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Daniel R

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The goals of the study were to assess the relationship between age and processes of care in emergency department (ED patients admitted with pneumonia and to identify independent predictors of failure to meet recommended quality care measures. Methods This was a prospective cohort study of a pre-existing database undertaken at a university hospital ED in the Midwest. ED patients ≥18 years of age requiring admission for pneumonia, with no documented use of antibiotics in the 24 hours prior to ED presentation were included. Compliance with Pneumonia National Quality Measures was assessed including ED antibiotic administration, antibiotics within 4 hours, oxygenation assessment, and obtaining of blood cultures. Odds ratios were calculated for elders and non-elders. Logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of process failure. Results One thousand, three hundred seventy patients met inclusion criteria, of which 560 were aged ≥65 years. In multiple variable logistic regression analysis, age ≥65 years was independently associated with receiving antibiotics in the ED (odds ratio [OR] = 2.03, 95% CI 1.28–3.21 and assessment of oxygenation (OR = 2.10, 95% CI, 1.18–3.32. Age had no significant impact on odds of receiving antibiotics within four hours of presentation (OR 1.10, 95% CI 0.84–1.43 or having blood cultures drawn (OR 1.02, 95%CI 0.78–1.32. Certain other patient characteristics were also independently associated with process failure. Conclusion Elderly patients admitted from the ED with pneumonia are more likely to receive antibiotics while in the ED and to have oxygenation assessed in the ED than younger patients. The independent association of certain patient characteristics with process failure provides an opportunity to further increase compliance with recommended quality measures in admitted patients diagnosed with pneumonia.

  9. Setting up and functioning of an Emergency Medicine Department: Lessons learned from a preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Asish

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Tertiary care teaching hospitals remain referral centres for victims of trauma and mass casualty. Often specialists from various disciplines manage these crowded casualty areas. These age old casualty areas are being replaced, throughout the country by Emergency Medicine Departments (EMDs, presumed to be better planned to confront a crisis. We aimed to gather basic data contributive in setting up of an EMD at a tertiary care teaching hospital from the lessons learned from functioning existent systems. Methods: This is primarily a questionnaire-based descriptive study at tertiary care referral centres across the country, which was purposively selected.The study models included one from a hospital without designated EMD and the other four from hospitals with established EMDs. Direct observation and focus group meetings with experienced informants at these hospitals contributed to the data. In the absence of a validated hospital preparedness assessment scale, comparison was done with regard to quantitative, qualitative and corroborative parameters using descriptive analysis. Results: The EMDs at best practice models were headed by specialist in Emergency Medicine assisted by organised staff, had protocols for managing mass casualty incident (MCI, separate trauma teams, ergonomic use of infrastructure and public education programmes. In this regard, these hospitals seemed well organised to manage MCIs and disasters. Conclusion: The observation may provide a preliminary data useful in setting up an EMD. In the absence of published Indian literature, this may facilitate further research in this direction. Anaesthesiologists, presently an approved Faculty in Emergency Medicine training can provide creative input with regard to its initial organisation and functioning, thus widening our horizons in a country where there is a severe dearth of trained emergency physicians.

  10. The Efficacy of Case Management on Emergency Department Frequent Users: An Eight-Year Observational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grover, Casey A; Crawford, Elizabeth; Close, Reb J H

    2016-11-01

    Case management is an effective short-term means to reduce Emergency Department (ED) visits in frequent users of the ED. Our study aimed to assess the long-term efficacy of intensive case management in frequent users of the ED. This was an observational study of ED usage conducted at a community hospital that has an ED case management program in which frequent users of the ED are enrolled and provided with intensive care management to reduce ED use. We identified 199 patients that were enrolled for 6 or more years. Patients averaged 16 visits per person per year in the year prior to enrollment. Patients averaged the following number of visits per person per year after enrollment: year 1 (7.1), year 2 (4.1), year 3 (3.1), year 4 (3.3), year 5 (3.1), year 6 (2.0), year 7 (2.1), and year 8 (1.9), all statistically significant compared to the year prior to enrollment. Twenty-nine patients, despite case management, continued their frequent use, and required a revision to their plan of care. Five patients required a second revision to their plan of care secondary to recurrent ED usage. Persistent use despite case management was primarily due to prescription medication misuse and chronic pain. Case management of ED frequent users seems to be an effective means to reduce ED usage in both the short and long term. Patients with prescription drug misuse or chronic pain may continue to demonstrate frequent use despite case management, and may require revisions to their plan of care. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Hospital admissions for hypertensive crisis in the emergency departments: a large multicenter Italian study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinna, Giuliano; Pascale, Claudio; Fornengo, Paolo; Arras, Sebastiana; Piras, Carmela; Panzarasa, Pietro; Carmosino, Gianpaolo; Franza, Orietta; Semeraro, Vincenzo; Lenti, Salvatore; Pietrelli, Susanna; Panzone, Sergio; Bracco, Christian; Fiorini, Roberto; Rastelli, Giovanni; Bergandi, Daniela; Zampaglione, Bruno; Musso, Roberto; Marengo, Claudio; Santoro, Giancarlo; Zamboni, Sergio; Traversa, Barbara; Barattini, Maddalena; Bruno, Graziella

    2014-01-01

    Epidemiological data on the impact of hypertensive crises (emergencies and urgencies) on referral to the Emergency Departments (EDs) are lacking, in spite of the evidence that they may be life-threatening conditions. We performed a multicenter study to identify all patients aged 18 years and over who were admitted to 10 Italian EDs during 2009 for hypertensive crises (systolic blood pressure ≥220 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥120 mmHg). We classified patients as affected by either hypertensive emergencies or hypertensive urgencies depending on the presence or the absence of progressive target organ damage, respectively. Logistic regression analysis was then performed to assess variables independently associated with hypertensive emergencies with respect to hypertensive urgencies. Of 333,407 patients admitted to the EDs over the one-year period, 1,546 had hypertensive crises (4.6/1,000, 95% CI 4.4-4.9), and 23% of them had unknown hypertension. Hypertensive emergencies (n = 391, 25.3% of hypertensive crises) were acute pulmonary edema (30.9%), stroke (22.0%,), myocardial infarction (17.9%), acute aortic dissection (7.9%), acute renal failure (5.9%) and hypertensive encephalopathy (4.9%). Men had higher frequency than women of unknown hypertension (27.9% vs 18.5%, phypertensive patients, a larger proportion of men than women reported not taking anti-hypertensive drug (12.6% among men and 9.4% among women (phypertensive emergencies than urgencies (OR = 1.34, 95% CI 1.06-1.70), independently of presenting symptoms, creatinine, smoking habit and known hypertension. This study shows that hypertensive crises involved almost 5 out of 1,000 patients-year admitted to EDs. Sex differences in frequencies of unknown hypertension, compliance to treatment and risk of hypertensive emergencies might have implications for public health programs.

  12. Costs of cloud computing for a biometry department. A case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knaus, J; Hieke, S; Binder, H; Schwarzer, G

    2013-01-01

    "Cloud" computing providers, such as the Amazon Web Services (AWS), offer stable and scalable computational resources based on hardware virtualization, with short, usually hourly, billing periods. The idea of pay-as-you-use seems appealing for biometry research units which have only limited access to university or corporate data center resources or grids. This case study compares the costs of an existing heterogeneous on-site hardware pool in a Medical Biometry and Statistics department to a comparable AWS offer. The "total cost of ownership", including all direct costs, is determined for the on-site hardware, and hourly prices are derived, based on actual system utilization during the year 2011. Indirect costs, which are difficult to quantify are not included in this comparison, but nevertheless some rough guidance from our experience is given. To indicate the scale of costs for a methodological research project, a simulation study of a permutation-based statistical approach is performed using AWS and on-site hardware. In the presented case, with a system utilization of 25-30 percent and 3-5-year amortization, on-site hardware can result in smaller costs, compared to hourly rental in the cloud dependent on the instance chosen. Renting cloud instances with sufficient main memory is a deciding factor in this comparison. Costs for on-site hardware may vary, depending on the specific infrastructure at a research unit, but have only moderate impact on the overall comparison and subsequent decision for obtaining affordable scientific computing resources. Overall utilization has a much stronger impact as it determines the actual computing hours needed per year. Taking this into ac count, cloud computing might still be a viable option for projects with limited maturity, or as a supplement for short peaks in demand.

  13. Reducing blood culture contamination in the emergency department: an interrupted time series quality improvement study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Self, Wesley H; Speroff, Theodore; Grijalva, Carlos G; McNaughton, Candace D; Ashburn, Jacki; Liu, Dandan; Arbogast, Patrick G; Russ, Stephan; Storrow, Alan B; Talbot, Thomas R

    2013-01-01

    Blood culture contamination is a common problem in the emergency department (ED) that leads to unnecessary patient morbidity and health care costs. The study objective was to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement (QI) intervention for reducing blood culture contamination in an ED. The authors developed a QI intervention to reduce blood culture contamination in the ED and then evaluated its effectiveness in a prospective interrupted times series study. The QI intervention involved changing the technique of blood culture specimen collection from the traditional clean procedure to a new sterile procedure, with standardized use of sterile gloves and a new materials kit containing a 2% chlorhexidine skin antisepsis device, a sterile fenestrated drape, a sterile needle, and a procedural checklist. The intervention was implemented in a university-affiliated ED and its effect on blood culture contamination evaluated by comparing the biweekly percentages of blood cultures contaminated during a 48-week baseline period (clean technique) and 48-week intervention period (sterile technique), using segmented regression analysis with adjustment for secular trends and first-order autocorrelation. The goal was to achieve and maintain a contamination rate below 3%. During the baseline period, 321 of 7,389 (4.3%) cultures were contaminated, compared to 111 of 6,590 (1.7%) during the intervention period (p < 0.001). In the segmented regression model, the intervention was associated with an immediate 2.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.2% to 3.2%) absolute reduction in contamination. The contamination rate was maintained below 3% during each biweekly interval throughout the intervention period. A QI assessment of ED blood culture contamination led to development of a targeted intervention to convert the process of blood culture collection from a clean to a fully sterile procedure. Implementation of this intervention led to an immediate and sustained

  14. Delayed Complications of Emergency Airway Management: A Study of 533 Emergency Department Intubations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keim, Samuel M

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Airway management is a critical procedure performed frequently in emergency departments (EDs. Previous studies have evaluated the complications associated with this procedure but have focused only on the immediate complications. The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence and nature of delayed complications of tracheal intubation performed in the ED at an academic center where intubations are performed by emergency physicians (EPs.METHODS: All tracheal intubations performed in the ED over a one-year period were identified; 540 tracheal intubations were performed during the study period. Of these, 523 charts (96.9% were available for review and were retrospectively examined. Using a structured datasheet, delayed complications occurring within seven days of intubation were abstracted from the medical record. Charts were scrutinized for the following complications: acute myocardial infarction (MI, stroke, airway trauma from the intubation, and new respiratory infections. An additional 30 consecutive intubations were examined for the same complications in a prospective arm over a 29-day period.RESULTS: The overall success rate for tracheal intubation in the entire study group was 99.3% (549/553. Three patients who could not be orally intubated underwent emergent cricothyrotomy. Thus, the airway was successfully secured in 99.8% (552/553 of the patients requiring intubation. One patient, a seven-month-old infant, had unanticipated subglottic stenosis and could not be intubated by the emergency medicine attending or the anesthesiology attending. The patient was mask ventilated and was transported to the operating room for an emergent tracheotomy. Thirty-four patients (6.2% [95% CI 4.3 - 8.5%] developed a new respiratory infection within seven days of intubation. Only 18 patients (3.3% [95% CI 1.9 - 5.1%] had evidence of a new respiratory infection within 48 hours, indicating possible aspiration pneumonia secondary to airway

  15. Contributions of thinking styles to vocational purpose beyond self-rated abilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li-Fang

    2004-04-01

    The present study predicted vocational purpose from thinking styles, a construct at the interface of intelligence and personality. 233 students majoring in history and computer science from a large research-oriented university in the People's Republic of China completed the Thinking Styles Inventory and the Iowa Vocational Purpose Inventory. The participants also rated their own analytical, creative, and practical abilities. In general, results indicated that thinking styles contributed to vocational purpose beyond self-rated abilities. Specifically, the more creativity-generating and complex thinking styles tended to contribute positively to vocational purpose, whereas the more conforming and simplistic thinking styles tended to contribute negatively to vocational purpose. This article points to the need theoretically for integrating the construct of thinking style into the definition of differential psychology. Practical data argue for a collaborative working relationship between teachers and vocational counselors in institutions of higher education.

  16. Individuals and Leadership in an Australian Secondary Science Department: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melville, Wayne; Wallace, John; Bartley, Anthony

    2007-12-01

    In this article, we consider the complex and dynamic inter-relationships between individual science teachers, the social space of their work and their dispositions towards teacher leadership. Research into the representation of school science departments through individual science teachers is scarce. We explore the representations of four individual teachers to the assertions of teacher leadership proposed by Silva et al. (Teach Coll Rec, 102(4):779-804, 2000). These representations, expressed during regular science department meetings, occur in the social space of Bourdieu's "field" and are a reflection of the "game" of science education being played within the department. This departmentally centred space suggests an important implication when considering the relationship between subject departments and their schools. The development of an individual's representation of teacher leadership and the wider "field" of science education appears to shape the individual towards promoting their own sense of identity as a teacher of science, rather than as a teacher within a school. Our work suggests that for these individuals, the important "game" is science education, not school improvement. Consequently, the subject department may be a missing link between efforts to improve schools and current organizational practices.

  17. Analysis of Sleep Health Problems and Causes for Higher Vocational College Students -Case Study Investigation on a Vocational College in Jiangsu Province%高职生的睡眠健康问题与致因分析--以江苏某职业学院调查为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆鸾

    2015-01-01

    Good sleep is an important guarantee for higher vocational college students to complete theoretical study and skill training.Survey found that higher vocational college students'sleep satisfaction rate is low,sleep time changes obviously,sleep is influenced by many factors,sleep health awareness is weak.The reason is that they need not only complete the "work inte-grated learning"learning tasks,but also face the increasingly serious employment pressure.At the same time,they have the bad habits of the poor self -control.Only clearly understand these factors can we strengthen the sleep management to improve the learning rate and healthy development of higher vocational college students.%健康良好的睡眠是高职生完成理论学习和技能训练的重要保障。然而调查发现,高职生睡眠满意率较低,睡眠时间差异性很大,睡眠的影响因素较多,睡眠健康意识较为薄弱,原因在于高职生既要完成“工学结合”的繁重学习任务,又要面临日益严峻的就业压力,同时还具有贪玩浮躁自控力差等青年人的不良习惯。只有清楚地认识到这些睡眠影响因素,才能加强高职生睡眠管理以促进其学习进步和健康成长。

  18. The Empirical Study on the Pioneering Consciousness of Higher Vocational Students---Taking 6 Higher Vocational Schools in Guangdong as Examples%高职学生创业意识的实证研究--以广东6所高职院校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄娉婷

    2015-01-01

    The survey is done by questionnaires on pioneering consciousness of students in 6 higher vocational schools in Guangdong and 2124 valid questionnaires were collected. The results reveal that students of higher vocational schools have better pioneering consciousness, and that working experience, entrepreneur in the family, grades, sex, the only child or not, subjects for study, living place contribute to the different features in their pioneering consciousness. It is suggested that higher vocational schools should strenghten the students pioneering consciousness, set up related courses on pioneering, enrich the teaching mode, promote the initiative and effectiveness of pioneering education.%采用大学生创业意识调查问卷,对广东6所高职院校学生创业意识水平进行了调研,共回收有效问卷2124份。统计结果表明:高职类学生创业意识水平整体较高,且男女生、是否独生子女、有无工作经历、家庭有无创业者、高低年级、不同学科、不同居住地等不同群体学生的创业意识具有不同特点。各高职院校应充分发挥创业教育的主动性,强化学生创业意识的培养,合理设置创业课程,丰富创业教育形式,提高创业教育实效。

  19. Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaista MAJID

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to designing a model of vocational training programs for disables. For this purpose desk review was carried out and the vocational training models/programs of Israel, U.K., Vietnam, Japan and Thailand were analyzed to form a conceptual frame work of the model. Keeping in view the local conditions/requirements a model of vocational training program was proposed. The proposed model involved the vocational training plan for the job of cashier for mild group, receptionist for moderate and computer operator for severe group. It specified the type of disability as well involved in the training plan. The model recommended the vocational training of three levels of disability; mild, moderate and severe irrespective to the type. The model consisted of details of structure, objectives, professional support involved, vocational training plan and syllabus/activities, evaluation and on job training etc. International practices regarding VT mixed with the national existing situations were critically analyzed during desk review and finally a plan of VT for disables was proposed. A survey was conducted via a questionnaire to get opinion of the heads and senior vocational instructors of Federal Government vocational training and rehabilitation centers for PWDs. The collected data was statistically analyzed to quantify the suggestions on proposed model. The major findings included that all stakeholders considered VT helpful in rehabilitation of PWDs. All heads and vocational instructors are willing to adopt this model, minimum or no extra funds are needed in its implementation, the vocational teacher employed in the centers can easily manage to adopt this model at their centers because no extra training is required for the staff and they all endorse the VT plan proposed in this model. A vocational training model is required to reduce socio-economic gap and to set professional standards by developing human resources trained in trades. The

  20. Patient satisfaction, stress and burnout in nursing personnel in emergency departments: A cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríos-Risquez, M Isabel; García-Izquierdo, Mariano

    2016-07-01

    of the burnout dimensions, namely emotional exhaustion and cynicism. The length of stay of the patients in the emergency department was negatively related to the frequency of nurses experiencing perceived stress as well as the burnout dimension of cynicism. No significant association was observed between experiences of stress and burnout dimensions by nursing professionals and the satisfaction with care received reported by their patients. These findings could be explained by the professional and organizational characteristics of the unit. Finally, the limitations and implications of the study are discussed, as well as future research questions related to research of the associations between occupational stress, burnout and patient satisfaction. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Comparison of balance assessment modalities in emergency department elders: a pilot cross-sectional observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karaman Rowan

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background More than one-third of US adults 65 and over fall every year. These falls may cause serious injury including substantial long-term morbidity (due declines in activities of daily living and death. The emergency department (ED visit represents an opportunity for identifying high risk elders and potentially instituting falls-related interventions. The unique characteristic of the ED environment and patient population necessitate that risk-assessment modalities be validated in this specific setting. In order to better identify elders at risk of falls, we examined the relationship between patient-provided history of falling and two testing modalities (a balance plate system and the timed up-and-go [TUG] test in elder emergency department (ED patients. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional observational study of patients ≥ 60 years old being discharged from the ED. Patient history of falls in the past week, month, 6 months, and year was obtained. Balance plate center of pressure excursion (COP measurements and TUG testing times were recorded. COP was recorded under four conditions: normal stability eyes open (NSEO and closed (NSEC, and perturbed stability eyes open and closed. Correlation between TUG and COP scores was measured. Univariate logistic regression was used to identify the relationship between patient-provided falls history and the two testing modalities. Proportions, likelihood ratios, and receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC curves for prediction of previous falls were reported. Results Fifty-three subjects were enrolled, 11% had fallen in the previous week and 42% in the previous year. There was no correlation between TUG and any balance plate measurements. In logistic regression, neither testing modality was associated with prior history of falls (p > 0.05 for all time periods. Balance plate NSEO and NSEC testing cutoffs could be identified which were 83% sensitive and had a negative likelihood ratio (LR- of 0

  2. A Study on Information Literacy of Higher Vocational College Students by the Literature Bibliometrics Analysis and Counterplan%高职院校学生信息素养研究文献计量学分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪海; 陈亚鸿; 袁新进; 徐秋生; 夏俊

    2011-01-01

    采用文献计量学方法,对《中国期刊全文数据库》和维普资讯(《中文科技期刊数据库》)所收录的有关高职生信息素养研究的在国内公开刊物上发表的论文进行量化统计。着重从国内公开刊物上发文总量、按主题类别进行的发文量统计等讨论发文数量;从核心期刊发文率讨论发文质量;对我国高职生信息素养研究进行回顾和总结,分析了存在的问题并提出相关对策建议,以期促进我国高职院校信息素养教学、科研的进步和发展,提高我国高职院校学生信息素养的水平。%The paper analyzed the "Chinese Journal Full-text Database(CJFD) and the VIP information"(Chinese science and technology periodical database) which included about higher vocational college students' information literacy research in domestic publication published papers statistics to quantify by using the principle of bibliometrics.The paper made a quantitative analysis from the distribution of subject content,amount of paper quantity and the number of paper of core journals.This paper were reviewed and summarized the existing problems and proposes the related countermeasures to higher vocational students′ information literacy studies,aimed to promoting teaching and scientific research of higher vocational colleges in the information literacy,improved higher vocational college students information literacy level.

  3. Study on Employment-oriented English Teaching in Secondary Vocational School%对以就业为导向的中职英语教学的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王柳

    2015-01-01

    English plays a more and more important part in the society,and it has a great effort on people's life.With the trend of economic globalization,people pay more attention to English.Teachers of the secondary vocational schools also pay more atten-tion to English teaching.The secondary vocational schools are aimed at technical personnel,which asks teachers to pay attention to the practicability of English,not just the theoretical explanation.Teachers should train students' practical ability in English.This article mainly studies on the employment-oriented English teaching in secondary vocational schools,and puts forward rele-vant suggestion to promote English teaching in secondary vocational schools.%随着社会的不断发展,英语在社会中的作用越加地重要,对人们的生活有很大的影响.并且在经济全球化的趋势下,人们对于英语的重视也越高.对于中职院校来说,对英语的重视度也越加地高,中职院校主要是培养一些技术性的人才.这导致教师在进行英语的教学中必须要充分地重视其实用性,不能仅仅是进行理论性的灌输讲解,要充分地与学生的就业能力相互融合,从而培养学生的英语实用能力.该文主要是对以就业为导向的中职英语教学进行了研究,并且提出了相关的建议,以此来促进中职英语教学的进步.

  4. 广西沿海地区大学生自信与职业兴趣关系初探%A Study on the Interrelation Between Students' Self-confidence and Their Vocational Interest in Guangxi Coastal Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙一兰; 何光耀; 邬德利

    2012-01-01

    With 582 students being selected as subjects, the present paper implements a study on students' self-confidence and their vocational interest and the interrelation between them by means of students' self-confidence questionnaire and students' vocational interest questionnaire. The following points can be revealed: Students in Guangxi coastal areas are most confident about their bodies; the occupations they are most interested in are related with society; students' self-confidence is closely interrelated with their vocational interest; hence self-confidence, this relatively stable personality can be employed to expand students' vocational interest.%自信作为一种起中介作用的人格变量,对学生的认知、情感和各种社会行为均有重要影响。采用大学生自信问卷和大学生职业兴趣问卷对大学生的自信、职业兴趣及二者关系进行调查。结果表明:广西沿海地区大学生对自己的身体最为自信,他们最感兴趣的职业类型为社会型。大学生自信与其职业兴趣关系密切,可通过自信这种相对稳定的人格特质来拓展学生的职业兴趣。

  5. 移动学习在高职院校的实验研究%Experimental Study of Mobile Learning in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王力维

    2014-01-01

    移动学习是一种基于数字化学习的全新学习模式,它基于移动终端,突破了传统的设备与地点限制,具有广泛的应用前景。本文拟从移动学习的发展历史出发,研究移动学习在高职院校中应用情况的调查实验,希望能够为移动学习模式的推广提供一些参考意见。%Mobile learning is a new learning model based on digital learning, which is based on mobile terminals, breaking the limitations of traditional equipment and locations, with a wide range of applications. This paper from the history of the development of mobile learning, study mobile learning in vocational colleges in the application of experimental investigation, hoping to provide some suggestions for the promotion of mobile learning mode.

  6. Study on Craftsmanship -oriented Higher Vocational Education and Teaching%工匠精神引领下的高职教育教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐伟

    2016-01-01

    通过对工匠精神内涵的阐释,分析了工匠精神与高职教学的关系,论述了高职教学中培养工匠精神的必要性,提出在工匠精神引领下的高职的教学策略与方法。%By explaining the connotation of the spirit of the craftsman , this article analyzes the relationship be-tween the spirit of the craftsman and higher vocational teaching , discusses the necessity of cultivating the spirit of the craftsman in higher vocational teaching , puts forward teaching strategies and methods in higher vocational teaching which led by the spirit of the craftsman.

  7. Interprofessional communication supporting clinical handover in emergency departments: An observation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redley, Bernice; Botti, Mari; Wood, Beverley; Bucknall, Tracey

    2017-08-01

    Poor interprofessional communication poses a risk to patient safety at change-of-shift in emergency departments (EDs). The purpose of this study was to identify and describe patterns and processes of interprofessional communication impacting quality of ED change-of-shift handovers. Observation of 66 change-of-shift handovers at two acute hospital EDs in Victoria, Australia. Focus groups with 34 nurse participants complemented the observations. Qualitative data analysis involved content and thematic methods. Four structural components of ED handover processes emerged represented by (ABCD): (1) Antecedents; (2) Behaviours and interactions; (3) Content; and (4) Delegation of ongoing care. Infrequent and ad hoc interprofessional communication and discipline-specific handover content and processes emerged as specific risks to patient safety at change-of-shift handovers. Three themes related to risky and effective practices to support interprofessional communications across the four stages of ED handovers emerged: 1) standard processes and practices, 2) teamwork and interactions and 3) communication activities and practices. Unreliable interprofessional communication can impact the quality of change-of-shift handovers in EDs and poses risk to patient safety. Structured reflective analysis of existing practices can identify opportunities for standardisation, enhanced team practices and effective communication across four stages of the handover process to support clinicians to enhance local handover practices. Future research should test and refine models to support analysis of practice, and identify and test strategies to enhance ED interprofessional communication to support clinical handovers. Copyright © 2017 College of Emergency Nursing Australasia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Video capsule endoscopy in the emergency department: a prospective study of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meltzer, Andrew C; Ali, M Aamir; Kresiberg, Roderick B; Patel, Gayatri; Smith, Jeff P; Pines, Jesse M; Fleischer, David E

    2013-04-01

    Video capsule endoscopy has been used to diagnose gastrointestinal hemorrhage and other small bowel diseases but has not been tested in an emergency department (ED) setting. The objectives in this pilot study are to demonstrate the ability of emergency physicians to detect blood in the upper gastrointestinal tract with capsule endoscopy after a short training period, measure ED patient acceptance of capsule endoscopy, and estimate the test characteristics of capsule endoscopy to detect acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. During a 6-month period at a single academic hospital, eligible patients underwent video capsule endoscopy (Pillcam Eso2; Given Imaging) in the ED. Video images were reviewed by 4 blinded physicians (2 emergency physicians with brief training in capsule endoscopy interpretation and 2 gastroenterologists with capsule endoscopy experience). A total of 25 subjects with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage were enrolled. There was excellent agreement between gastroenterologists and emergency physicians for the presence of fresh or coffee-ground blood (0.96 overall agreement; κ=0.90). Capsule endoscopy was well tolerated by 96% of patients and showed an 88% sensitivity (95% confidence interval 65% to 100%) and 64% specificity (95% confidence interval 35% to 92%) for the detection of fresh blood. Capsule endoscopy missed 1 bleeding lesion located in the postpyloric region, which was not imaged because of expired battery life. Video capsule endoscopy is a sensitive way to identify upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in the ED. It is well tolerated and there is excellent agreement in interpretation between gastroenterologists and emergency physicians. Copyright © 2012. Published by Mosby, Inc.

  9. Protective sustainability of ecosystems using Department of Energy buffer lands as a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Joanna

    2007-11-01

    State and federal agencies are faced with protecting human health and the environment for a range of hazardous sites, including nuclear waste storage facilities. At some sites, nuclear materials must be stored for the foreseeable future because no technology currently exists for safe treatment and disposal. Using Department of Energy (DOE) lands as a case study, this article examines the meaning of protective sustainability for ecosystems and proposes a tiered approach to such protection with stakeholder participation during all phases. The approach includes: (1) governmental, institutional and public support to maintain the system, (2) agreement on the ecosystem to sustain, (3) agreement on the goods and services that the ecosystem should provide, (4) methods of monitoring the status of the ecosystem (usually involving bioindicators), (5) methods of evaluating the trends and changes within that system, and (6) methods of managing or restoring components of the ecosystem (response and corrective actions). The latter three steps are those normally considered for management and maintenance of healthy ecosystems, and figure prominently in natural resource damage assessment (NRDA). However, the former three are necessary components for sustainability. Regardless of technologies or technical expertise, the ecosystem will not be protected sustainably unless there is governmental, institutional, and public support for its protection, as well as consensus about the features of the ecosystem to be protected. While the selection of a preferred ecosystem at DOE sites will likely occur as part of remediation/restoration/NRDA, decisions about ecosystem services and human use on buffer lands can be revisited periodically. Monitoring is an integral part of evaluating continued health and safety of the ecosystem and its component parts, and such data should then be used to evaluate status and trends. These evaluations, however, will be most useful when they include hypothesis

  10. Use of BPPV processes in Emergency Department Dizziness Presentations: A Population-Based Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerber, Kevin A.; Burke, James F.; Skolarus, Lesli E.; Meurer, William J.; Callaghan, Brian C.; Brown, Devin L.; Lisabeth, Lynda D.; McLaughlin, Thomas J.; Fendrick, A. Mark; Morgenstern, Lewis B.

    2013-01-01

    Objective A common cause of dizziness, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), is effectively diagnosed and cured with the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT) and the canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM). We aimed to describe the use of these processes in Emergency Departments (ED), to assess for trends in use over time, and to determine provider level variability in use. Design Prospective population-based surveillance study Setting EDs in Nueces County, Texas, January 15, 2008 to January 14, 2011 Subjects and Methods Adult patients discharged from EDs with dizziness, vertigo, or imbalance documented at triage. Clinical information was abstracted from source documents. A hierarchical logistic regression model adjusting for patient and provider characteristics was used to estimate trends in DHT use and provider level variability. Results 3,522 visits for dizziness were identified. A DHT was documented in 137 visits (3.9%). A CRM was documented in 8 visits (0.2%). Among patients diagnosed with BPPV, a DHT was documented in only 21.8% (34 of 156) and a CRM in 3.9% (6 of 156). In the hierarchical model (c statistic = 0.93), DHT was less likely to be used over time (odds ratio, 0.97, 95% CI [0.95, 0.99]) and the provider level explained 50% (ICC, 0.50) of the variance in the probability of DHT use. Conclusion BPPV is seldom examined for, and when diagnosed, infrequently treated in this ED population. DHT use is decreasing over time, and varies substantially by provider. Implementation research focused on BPPV care may be an opportunity to optimize management in ED dizziness presentations. PMID:23264119

  11. The Study Report on the Performing Problem of the Teaching Right of Higher Vocational Teachers%高职教师的课程授课权利行使的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐铁骊

    2014-01-01

    The Higher Vocational Education is committed to educative reforms, such as talent training plan, teaching mode, teaching method, and so on. However, the studies related to the teaching right of higher vocational teachers are still insufficient. This paper discusses on the teaching right of higher vocational teachers, and analyzes the current problems inside it, in order to establish scientific education, strengthen publicity and sets up perfect inspection mechanism and evaluation system of teaching right. Consequently , the efficiency of the classroom can be improved, and the specific measures of the teaching right can be ex-ecuted correctly by teachers.%高职教育多年致力于对人才培养方案、教学模式、教学方法等方面的教育改革,但在教师课程授课权利方面的研究较为缺乏。本文对当前高职教育中教师授课权利行使中存在的问题进行了分析,提出了建立科学教育观,加强宣传,建立完善的课堂授课权利行使的检查机制和评价体系,提升课堂效率,教师正确行使课程授课权利的具体措施。

  12. 高职院校学风建设学生主体性激励机制研究%Research on Students'Main Motivation Mechanism in Study Style of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王谦

    2015-01-01

    在高职院校学风建设中,激励机制是推动学生学习的一个重要外部因素.本研究要结合高职院校学生的主体特点,加强学校师德建设,激发学生学习动力,制定合理的奖励制度,优化学校激励环境,将激励机制的功效最大化,以此促进高职院校的学风建设.%In the construction of academic atmosphere in higher vocational colleges, the incentive mechanism is an important external factor to promote students' learning. School should combine the main characteristics of vocational college students,strengthen the construction of teaching morality, stimulate students' learning motivation, formulate reasonable reward system, optimize the school environment excitation, and optimize the inspire mechanism, so as to promote the construction of study style in higher vocational colleges.

  13. An Empirical Study of Group Counseling to Improve Time Management Disposition of Vocational College Students%团体心理辅导改善高职学生时间管理倾向的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    种明慧

    2016-01-01

    The effects of group psychological counseling on vocational college students” time management disposition are studied through experiment. 10 objectives from one vocational college were conducted both pretest and post-test by using Time Management Disposition Scale, the data were processedthen. The results showed group psychological counseling had positive effects on vocational students” time management disposition interventions. Group psychological counseling of time management serves as an effective way to improve the students” time management disposition, which can guide them in their self -management and growth.%通过实验研究探讨团体心理辅导技术改善高职学生时间管理倾向的效果。被试是10名某大专在校学生,采用时间管理倾向量表实施前后测测试,进行数据处理。研究结果表明,团体心理辅导对高职学生时间管理倾向干预有效。时间管理团体辅导是提高高职学生时间管理能力的一种有效途径,能够指导高职学生的自我管理和成长。

  14. 高职学生职业能力标准与测评研究%Study on Vocational Students’Professional Competency Standards and Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓群; 肖为民

    2014-01-01

    高职学生的职业能力标准是高职院校组织教学的主要依据,制定该标准有利于提升高职院校人才培养质量。高职学生职业能力标准主要包括实践操作技能标准、智力标准和职业品德标准三部分。建立职业能力标准的过程中,应该依据国家颁布的职业技能鉴定规范,在广泛调研的基础上,与行业企业专家共同制定。对高职学生进行职业能力测评时可采取观察法、问卷调查法、情境模拟法等。%Vocational college studenst’competency standards are based primarily on vocational colleges teaching organization, to develop the standards will help improve the quality of personnel training vocational colleges. Vocational students' professional competencies include practical skills standards, intellectual standards and professional ethics standards in three parts. Establish standards of professional competence in the process, should be based on the National Occupational Skill Testing norms promulgated on the basis of extensive research, and industry experts to develop business. When vocational students can take vocational ability evaluation observation, questionnaires, situational simulation method.

  15. Use of alarm features in referral of febrile children to the emergency department : an observational study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ierland, Yvette; Elshout, Gijs; Moll, Henritte A.; Nijman, Ruud G.; Vergouwe, Yvonne; van der Lei, Johan; Berger, Marjolein Y.; Oostenbrink, Rianne

    2014-01-01

    Background The diagnostic value of alarm features of serious infections in low prevalence settings is unclear. Aim To explore to what extent alarm features play a role in referral to the emergency department (ED) by GPs who face a febrile child during out-of-hours care. Design and setting Observatio

  16. Is culture associated with patient safety in the emergency department? A study of staff perspectives.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verbeek-van Noord, I.; Wagner, C.; Dyck, C. van; Twisk, J.W.R.; Bruijne, M.C. de

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To describe the patient safety culture of Dutch emergency departments (EDs), to examine associations between safety culture dimensions and patient safety grades as reported by ED staff and to compare these associations between nurses and physicians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducte

  17. Comparing the Leadership Styles of Two Heads of Department at Carnelian School: Comparative Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parascandalo, Marthese

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this dissertation was to compare and contrast the Leadership Styles of two Heads of Department who work at Carnelian Secondary School (anonymized). It augments a previous paper (Parascandalo 2011) which examined the role of the middle leader in secondary schools in educational literature. The investigation by means of two…

  18. An Exploratory Study of the Conflict Management Styles of Department Heads in a Research University Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Christine A.; Algert, Nancy E.

    2007-01-01

    Conflict in the university setting is an inherent component of academic life. Leaders spend more than 40% of their time managing conflict. Department heads are in a unique position--they encounter conflict from individuals they manage and from others to whom they report such as a senior administrator in the position of dean. There are very few…

  19. Relationship between commitment to hospital goals and job satisfaction: a case study of a nursing department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpander, G G

    1990-01-01

    Why is it that people in the same occupation doing similar work in the same department experience different levels of intrinsic satisfaction? This article sheds light on this question and provides hospital administrators with guidelines for improving employee motivation through intrinsic job satisfaction.

  20. Use of Local Health Department Websites: A Study of E-Government Adoption and Diffusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaltonen, Pamela Massie

    2013-01-01

    Two distinct but converging activities have the potential to alter the way local public health departments conduct business. These activities are the emergence of e-government and the addition of preparedness as a basic function of the public health system. Preparedness implies timely collaboration with government entities, community partners and…

  1. Vocational Support Approaches in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Synthesis Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholas, David B.; Attridge, Mark; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Clarke, Margaret

    2015-01-01

    This synthesis-based analysis identifies and reviews studies evaluating vocational resources for adults with autism spectrum disorder. It is based on a larger systematic review of intervention studies in autism spectrum disorder, from which a critical interpretive synthesis was conducted on studies related to vocation and autism spectrum disorder.…

  2. The Problems of Applying Student Centered Syllabus of English in Vocational High Schools in Kendal Regency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faridi, Abdurrachman; Bahri, Seful; Nurmasitah, Sita

    2016-01-01

    This study was descriptive qualitative study aimed to investigate the problems of applying student centered syllabus in vocational high schools in Kendal regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The subjects of the study were twenty English teacher in vocational high schools in Kendal. The data were collected through observations, questionnaires, and…

  3. Pain management via Ultrasound-guided Nerve Block in Emergency Department; a Case Series Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nejati, Amir; Teymourian, Houman; Behrooz, Leili; Mohseni, Gholamreza

    2017-01-01

    Pain is the most common complaint of patients referring to emergency department (ED). Considering the importance of pain management in ED, this study aimed to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of ultrasound-guided nerve blocks in this setting. 46 patients who came to the ED with injured extremities were enrolled in the study and received either femoral, axillary or sciatic nerve block depending on their site of injury (1.5 mg Bupivacaine per kg of patient's weight). Patients were asked about their level of pain before and after receiving the nerve block based on numerical rating scale. The difference between pre and post block pain severity was measured. Both patients and physicians were asked about their satisfaction with the nerve block in 5 tiered Likert scale. 46 patients with the mean age of 37.5 ± 12.5 years (8-82 years) received ultrasound-guided nerve block (84.8% male). 6 Sciatic, 25 axillary, and 15 femoral nerve blocks were performed. Mean pain severity on NRS score at the time of admission was 8.1 ± 1.4, which reduced to 2.04 ± 2.06 after block. 25 (54.3%) patients were highly satisfied (Likert scale 5), 15 (32.6%) were satisfied (Likert scale 4), 3 (6.5%) were neutral and had no opinion (Likert scale 3), 1 (2.1%) was not satisfied (Likert scale 2), and 2 (4.3%) were highly unsatisfied (Likert scale 1). There was no significant difference among the satisfaction scores within the three block locations (p = 0.8). There was no significant difference in physicians' level of satisfaction between the three block locations either (p = 0.9). 1 (2.1%) case of agitation and tachycardia and 1 (2.1%) case of vomiting were observed after the procedure. Ultrasound-guided nerve block of extremities is a safe and effective method that can be used for pain management in the ED. It results in high levels of satisfaction among both patients and physicians.

  4. Hospital admissions for hypertensive crisis in the emergency departments: a large multicenter Italian study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Pinna

    Full Text Available Epidemiological data on the impact of hypertensive crises (emergencies and urgencies on referral to the Emergency Departments (EDs are lacking, in spite of the evidence that they may be life-threatening conditions. We performed a multicenter study to identify all patients aged 18 years and over who were admitted to 10 Italian EDs during 2009 for hypertensive crises (systolic blood pressure ≥220 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥120 mmHg. We classified patients as affected by either hypertensive emergencies or hypertensive urgencies depending on the presence or the absence of progressive target organ damage, respectively. Logistic regression analysis was then performed to assess variables independently associated with hypertensive emergencies with respect to hypertensive urgencies. Of 333,407 patients admitted to the EDs over the one-year period, 1,546 had hypertensive crises (4.6/1,000, 95% CI 4.4-4.9, and 23% of them had unknown hypertension. Hypertensive emergencies (n = 391, 25.3% of hypertensive crises were acute pulmonary edema (30.9%, stroke (22.0%,, myocardial infarction (17.9%, acute aortic dissection (7.9%, acute renal failure (5.9% and hypertensive encephalopathy (4.9%. Men had higher frequency than women of unknown hypertension (27.9% vs 18.5%, p<0.001. Even among known hypertensive patients, a larger proportion of men than women reported not taking anti-hypertensive drug (12.6% among men and 9.4% among women (p<0.001. Compared to women of similar age, men had higher likelihood of having hypertensive emergencies than urgencies (OR = 1.34, 95% CI 1.06-1.70, independently of presenting symptoms, creatinine, smoking habit and known hypertension. This study shows that hypertensive crises involved almost 5 out of 1,000 patients-year admitted to EDs. Sex differences in frequencies of unknown hypertension, compliance to treatment and risk of hypertensive emergencies might have implications for public health programs.

  5. Unrecognized Hypoxia and Respiratory Depression in Emergency Department Patients Sedated For Psychomotor Agitation: Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Deitch

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The incidence of respiratory depression in patients who are chemically sedated in the emergency department (ED is not well understood. As the drugs used for chemical restraint are respiratory depressants, improving respiratory monitoring practice in the ED may be warranted. The objective of this study is to describe the incidence of respiratory depression in patients chemically sedated for violent behavior and psychomotor agitation in the ED. Methods: Adult patients who met eligibility criteria with psychomotor agitation and violent behavior who were chemically sedated were eligible. SpO2 and ETCO2 (end-tidal CO2 was recorded and saved every 5 seconds. Demographic data, history of drug or alcohol abuse, medical and psychiatric history, HR and BP every 5 minutes, any physician intervention for hypoxia or respiratory depression, or adverse events were also recorded. We defined respiratory depression as an ETCO2 of >50 mmHg, a change of 10% above or below baseline, or a loss of waveform for >15 seconds. Hypoxia was defined as a SpO2 of 15 seconds. Results: We enrolled 59 patients, and excluded 9 because of >35% data loss. Twenty-eight (28/50 patients developed respiratory depression at least once during their chemical restraint (56%, 95% CI 42-69%; the median number of events was 2 (range 1-6. Twenty-one (21/50 patients had at least one hypoxic event during their chemical restraint (42%, 95% CI 29-55%; the median number of events was 2 (range 1-5. Nineteen (19/21 (90%, 95% CI 71-97% of the patients that developed hypoxia had a corresponding ETCO2 change. Fifteen (15/19 (79%, 95% CI 56-91% patients who became hypoxic met criteria for respiratory depression before the onset of hypoxia. The sensitivity of ETCO2 to predict the onset of a hypoxic event was 90.48% (95% CI: 68-98% and specificity 69% (95% CI: 49-84%. Five patients received respiratory interventions from the healthcare team to improve respiration [Airway repositioning: (2

  6. Metallurgy Department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde

    The activities of the Metallurgy Department at Risø during 1981 are described. The work is presented in three chapters: General Materials Research, Technology and Materials Development, Fuel Elements. Furthermore, a survey is given of the department's participation in international collaboration...

  7. Tobacco smoking by adult emergency department patients in Australia: a point-prevalence study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiland, Tracey; Jelinek, George A; Taylor, Simone E; Taylor, David McD

    2016-07-15

    Objectives and importance of study: Tobacco smoking is the leading single cause of preventable death. International findings suggest that rates of smoking are higher among emergency department (ED) patients than the general population, suggesting that the ED may be a strategic location in which to initiate smoking cessation programs. We aimed to determine the prevalence of smoking among adult ED patients in Australia, their desire for smoking cessation and preferred methods of cessation. Point-prevalence survey Method: A sample of adult ED patients was recruited from two tertiary referral hospital EDs. Participants were asked whether or not they currently smoked. Smokers were asked 15 additional questions, including about their readiness for smoking cessation. Demographics were collected from patients, and ED presentation characteristics were collected from medical records. Of 443 consecutive ED patients, 348 were eligible and 338 consented to participate. Data for 335 participants were available for analysis and 78 (23.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 19.1, 28.1) reported being current smokers. The mean age of smokers was 42.1 years, and 64.1% were male. Forty-one per cent (31/75) reported difficulty refraining from smoking, 78.1% (57/73) anticipated health problems because of smoking and 69.7% (53/76) had a desire to quit. Overall, 23/61 (37.7% of smokers) had a desire to cease smoking in the next month. The majority (44/73, 60.3%) were willing to undergo brief counselling. Multisession face-to-face counselling was most commonly preferred (22/55, 40.0%) and more than one-third (20/55, 36.4%) preferred group counselling. A session with an ED doctor (6/55, 10.9%) and multiple telephone-delivered interventions (7/55, 12.7%) were least preferred. Smoking is more prevalent among ED patients than statistics reported for the general population. Delivery of appropriate brief interventions suited to the stage of change should be trialled, along with referral from ED to

  8. Suicide Prevention in an Emergency Department Population: The ED-SAFE Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Ivan W; Camargo, Carlos A; Arias, Sarah A; Sullivan, Ashley F; Allen, Michael H; Goldstein, Amy B; Manton, Anne P; Espinola, Janice A; Jones, Richard; Hasegawa, Kohei; Boudreaux, Edwin D

    2017-06-01

    Suicide is a leading cause of deaths in the United States. Although the emergency department (ED) is an opportune setting for initiating suicide prevention efforts, ED-initiated suicide prevention interventions remain underdeveloped. To determine whether an ED-initiated intervention reduces subsequent suicidal behavior. This multicenter study of 8 EDs in the United States enrolled adults with a recent suicide attempt or ideation and was composed of 3 sequential phases: (1) a treatment as usual (TAU) phase from August 2010 to December 2011, (2) a universal screening (screening) phase from September 2011 to December 2012, and (3) a universal screening plus intervention (intervention) phase from July 2012 to November 2013. Screening consisted of universal suicide risk screening. The intervention phase consisted of universal screening plus an intervention, which included secondary suicide risk screening by the ED physician, discharge resources, and post-ED telephone calls focused on reducing suicide risk. The primary outcome was suicide attempts (nonfatal and fatal) over the 52-week follow-up period. The proportion and total number of attempts were analyzed. A total of 1376 participants were recruited, including 769 females (55.9%) with a median (interquartile range) age of 37 (26-47) years. A total of 288 participants (20.9%) made at least 1 suicide attempt, and there were 548 total suicide attempts among participants. There were no significant differences in risk reduction between the TAU and screening phases (23% vs 22%, respectively). However, compared with the TAU phase, patients in the intervention phase showed a 5% absolute reduction in suicide attempt risk (23% vs 18%), with a relative risk reduction of 20%. Participants in the intervention phase had 30% fewer total suicide attempts than participants in the TAU phase. Negative binomial regression analysis indicated that the participants in the intervention phase had significantly fewer total suicide attempts

  9. Study about the Development of Accounting Talents in Higher Vocational Schools based on Market Needs%基于市场需求的高职会计人才培养模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁丽华

    2014-01-01

    当前高职会计毕业生找工作比较困难,尤其是和会计专业对口的工作,会计专业学生就业难的关键问题是学生的动手实践能力弱。用人单位多数要求学生有工作经验,而学校培养学生的能力和社会需求相脱节,结果造成高职培养出的学生既没有本科学生的理论深厚,又没有中职学生的动手能力强,没有突出高职的办学特色等现状。为了培养适合企业需求的技能型人才,高职院校应进行教学改革,修订与市场需求相适应的人才培养方案,加大实践教学力度,加强学生职业道德和全面素质的培养,通过多方面多渠道的培养学生,从而使学生适合日益变化的人才市场的需求。%Currently it is difficult for graduates majoring in accounting from higher vocational schools to find jobs using what they learned at school because they are not competent enough in real working life. Employers prefer those with a strong record, and competencies of graduates do not match with market needs. As a result, graduates from higher vocational schools are weak in both theoretical study and competencies of handling practical work. Higher vocational institutes should reform on education, working out teaching plans catering to labor market and integrating more real cases into daily study. Meanwhile vocational education should focus more on ethics and all-round quality development of students. That is how vocational education graduates are competent in ever-changing labor market.

  10. A description of emergency department-related malpractice claims in The Netherlands: closed claims study 1993-2001.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elshove-Bolk, J.; Simons, M.P.; Cremers, J.; Vugt, A.B. van; Burg, M. van der

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of care provided at emergency departments (ED) in the Netherlands by analysing medical liability insurance claims. METHODS: A retrospective study performed by reviewing records at MediRisk, presently the largest insurer for medical liabilit

  11. Developing Comparative Bibliometric Indicators for Evaluating the Research Performance of Four Academic Nutrition Departments, 1992-1996: An Exploratory Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackermann, Eric George

    This study develops a set of empirically and theoretically sound citation-based bibliometric indicators of scientific research performance and applies them in an exploratory comparative study of the University of Tennessee-Knoxville's (UTK's) Nutrition Department with three of its peer programs at the University of Florida, the University of…

  12. Middle-Level Academic Management: A Case Study on the Roles of the Heads of Department at a Vietnamese University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thi Lan Huong

    2013-01-01

    Middle-level academic managers play a central role in university management; however, their roles are not always clear and straightforward. Although this research subject has been comprehensively investigated in the last 40 years, most studies are western-biased. This study examines the roles of Heads of Department in a newly established…

  13. A study of occupational health and safety measures in the Laundry Department of a private tertiary care teaching hospital, Bengaluru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shashi Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The Laundry Department plays an important role in preventing the spread of infection and continuously supplying clean linen to various departments in any hospital. Objectives of the Study: To identify existing practices and occupational safety and health (OSH measures in the Laundry Department and to assess the use of personal protective equipments (PPEs among health care workers. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a private tertiary care teaching hospital. An observation checklist was developed, which was partially based on occupational hazard checklist of OSHA for Laundry Department. This was field tested and validated for applicability for this study. Results: The potential biological hazards are infections through exposure to aerosols, spills and splashes during various activities, fungal infection due to wet clothes and environment and infections through fomites. The potential physical hazards are injuries due to slips and falls, exposure to heat, humidity, dust, noise, and vibration. The potential chemical hazards are contact dermatitis and allergic asthma due to exposure to detergents, phenyl solution, bleaching powder, and soap oil solution. The potential ergonomic hazards are musculoskeletal diseases and repetitive stress injuries at the shoulder, elbow, and small joints of the hands. PPEs were not used consistently in most areas of the department.

  14. Study of the New Patients of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department in Dongeui Oriental Medical Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Purpose : In order to profits to investigator who want to know acupuncture and moxbustion treatments are available to what symptoms today and how goes on the clinical lecture for oriental medical students, this research was carried out. Methods : The following conclusion were derived from 745 of patients who treated in acupunture & moxibustion department of Dongeui Oriental Medical hospital from the July in 2006 till January in 2007. Results : 1. There were 203(27.25%) persons of Lumbag...

  15. Emergency nurses' perceptions of emergency department preparedness for an ebola outbreak: A qualitative descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pincha Baduge, Mihirika Sds; Moss, Cheryle; Morphet, Julia

    2017-05-01

    Ebola Virus Disease is highly contagious and has high mortality. In 2014, when the outbreak in West Africa was declared a public health emergency, emergency departments in Australia commenced preparation and vigilance for people presenting with ebola like symptoms, to limit spread of the disease. To examine Australian emergency nurses' perceptions regarding their own and their emergency departments' preparedness to manage an ebola outbreak. A qualitative descriptive design was used to collect and analyse data in one metropolitan emergency department in Victoria, Australia. Four focus groups were conducted with 13 emergency nurses. Data were thematically analysed. Major themes emerged from the data: organisational, personal and future preparedness. Participants' believed that both the organisation and themselves had achieved desirable and appropriate preparedness for ebola in their emergency setting. Participants trusted their organisation to prepare and protect them for ebola. Appropriate policies, procedures, and equipment infrastructure were reportedly in place. Nurses' decisions to care for a patient with ebola were informed by professional commitment, and personal responsibilities. Participants were concerned about transmitting ebola to their families, and suggested that more regular training in personal protective equipment would increase confidence and skill in self-protection. Copyright © 2017 College of Emergency Nursing Australasia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. The Attitudes of Social Programs Students in Vocational High Schools Towards the Use of Information Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emel BAHAR

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Adaptation and internalization of innovations in science and technology, business processes and education system in an easy way depend on the attitudes of individuals. In the study, it is intended to determine whether there is a relationship between the arguments such as the subject, college, department, gender, computer usage, internet access facilities of the students' enrolled in social programs of vocational high school and their attitudes towards information technology, or not. The data were obtained by applying questionnaires to 884 students studying in business administration, logistics, marketing, tourism, accounting, Office management and executive assistance programs at Çukurova, Mersin, Kırıkkale and Abant İzzet Baysal Universities. As a result of the research, statistically significant relationships were determined between the attitudes of the students of social sciences toward information technology and their subject, college, department and gender.

  17. On the Improvement of Five-year Higher Vocational Col-lege Students' Cultural Quality: A Case Study on Song- shan Shaolin Vocational College of Martial Arts%论高职五年制学生文化素养的提升——以嵩山少林武术职业学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周华

    2015-01-01

    The target population of five-year higher vocational e-ducation is junior high school graduates whose learning basis is relatively weak and their learning weariness is severe. So how to carry out the education of five-year higher vocational college stu-dents is particularly important. In view of the problems existing in the cultural quality of the students, this paper studies the im-provement countermeasures, hoping to shape their good personal quality and improve the teaching effect.%五年制高职的教育对象是初中毕业生,学习基础相对薄弱,厌学现象严重.那么,如何对五年制学生进行教育的问题显得尤为重要,文章针对五年制学生文化素质素养方面存在的问题及提升的对策进行研究,希望能通过塑造他们良好的个人素养,实现改善教学效果的目的.

  18. Are Graduates Preferred to Those Completing Initial Vocational Education and Training? Case Studies on Company Recruitment Strategies in Germany, England and Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hippach-Schneider, Ute; Weigel, Tanja; Brown, Alan; Gonon, Philipp

    2013-01-01

    The German and Swiss economies value skilled work highly and initial vocational education and training (IVET) has been the predominant traditional pathway into such work. However, concerns about a more "knowledge-based society" and the "academic shift in the labour market" are starting to undermine the status associated with…

  19. Vocational Rehabilitation Services to Persons with H.I.V. (AIDS). Institute on Rehabilitation Issues (16th, Savannah, Georgia). Report from the Study Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corthell, David W.; Oliverio, Michael

    This training manual addresses the vocational rehabilitation (VR) of persons with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and related conditions. It considers the medical, cultural, social, legal, psychological, and economic implications of this condition; and how these factors relate to the vocational…

  20. Military Curricula for Vocational & Technical Education. Basic Electricity and Electronics Individualized Learning System. CANTRAC A-100-0010. Module Eight: Induction. Study Booklet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chief of Naval Education and Training Support, Pensacola, FL.

    This individualized learning module on induction is one in a series of modules for a course in basic electricity and electronics. The course is one of a number of military-developed curriculum packages selected for adaptation to vocational instructional and curriculum development in a civilian setting. Four lessons are included in the module: (1)…