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Sample records for vocational interest survey

  1. High Interest Scales on the Strong Vocational Interest Blank and the Kuder Occupational Interest Survey Using Holland's Occupational Codes. Research Report No. 1-75.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westbrook, Franklin D.

    This study compared the arrays of high interest occupations produced by the Strong Vocational Interest Blank, T-399 and the Kuder Occupational Interest Survey, Form DD when the instruments were administered to the same Subjects. Holland type Summary Codes were devised from the arrays of occupations and were analyzed by correlated t tests and…

  2. High Scales On the Strong Vocational Interest Blank and the Kuder Occupational Interest Survey Using Holland's Occupational Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westbrook, Franklin D.

    1975-01-01

    The study compared the arrays of high-interest occupations produced by the Strong and the Kuder. A frequency percentage count showed 85 percent of the pairs of summary codes had two identical characteristics, and some support was found for Holland's hexagon. The implications for further studies comparing the two instruments are discussed. (Author)

  3. The Structure of Vocational Interests in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iliescu, Dragos; Ispas, Dan; Ilie, Alexandra; Ion, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Using data provided by the Self-Directed Search (SDS) on a sample of 1,519 participants comprising 3 subsamples containing high school students, university students, and working adults, the authors examine the structure of vocational interests in Romania. Three competing structural models of vocational interests (Holland's circumplex model and…

  4. Regional gray matter correlates of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeder David H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have identified brain areas related to cognitive abilities and personality, respectively. In this exploratory study, we extend the application of modern neuroimaging techniques to another area of individual differences, vocational interests, and relate the results to an earlier study of cognitive abilities salient for vocations. Findings First, we examined the psychometric relationships between vocational interests and abilities in a large sample. The primary relationships between those domains were between Investigative (scientific interests and general intelligence and between Realistic (“blue-collar” interests and spatial ability. Then, using MRI and voxel-based morphometry, we investigated the relationships between regional gray matter volume and vocational interests. Specific clusters of gray matter were found to be correlated with Investigative and Realistic interests. Overlap analyses indicated some common brain areas between the correlates of Investigative interests and general intelligence and between the correlates of Realistic interests and spatial ability. Conclusions Two of six vocational-interest scales show substantial relationships with regional gray matter volume. The overlap between the brain correlates of these scales and cognitive-ability factors suggest there are relationships between individual differences in brain structure and vocations.

  5. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  6. 基于霍兰德职业类型理论的大学生职业兴趣调查与分析%The Survey and Analysis of College Students' Vocational Interest Based on the Theory of Holland Vocational Interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋文琤

    2016-01-01

    根据霍兰德职业类型理论以福建江夏学院学生为样本进行职业兴趣倾向调查,分析了样本的总体职业兴趣倾向、倾向水平,并以性别和专业为因子进行方差分析。研究发现,大学生职业兴趣倾向的顺序排名(从高到低)为企业型、社会型、常规型、艺术型、研究型与现实型;性别和专业对于大学生的职业兴趣倾向的分布有显著影响;大多数学生的兴趣分化水平不高。在此基础上,提出了针对政府与学校的生涯教育、企业招聘和学生个体生涯发展的建议。%According to the of Holland's vocational theory,we survey students'vocational interest of Fujian Jiangxia University,analyzes the overall sample's tendency and level,and analysis of variance for gender and major.Results show that the order of the college students'vocational interest (from high to low) is enterprising,social,conventional,artistic,investigative and realistic.Gender and major have significant impact on the distribution of college students'vocational interest.The level of college students'vocational interest is low tendency group (24.1%),medium level group (70.4%),high level group (5.5%).On this basis,we present some suggestions for school career education,enterprise recruitment,the government and the students themselves.

  7. 西藏大学学生职业兴趣调查%The vocational interest survey of Tibet University’s students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢俊利; 杨延飞

    2013-01-01

    本文选取西藏大学的在校大学学生,采用非结构式访谈和职业兴趣问卷测评,就西藏大学的大学生对职业兴趣的关注程度、职业兴趣的表现及存在的问题进行了探讨,期望对西藏大学学生职业规划和指导的开展有所帮助。%This paper selects the College students of Tibet University, Using structured interviews and career interest questionnaire evaluation, mainly discussing their attention of the degree of Vocational interest, Interest in the performance and problems, expecting to help career planning and guidance of the Tibet University students.

  8. The Structure of Vocational Interests in Filipino Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primavera, Michele T.; Church, A. Timothy; Katigbak, Marcia S.; Bruna, Lisa; White, Joy R.; Peradilla, Imelda

    2010-01-01

    The structure of vocational interests was investigated in Filipino high school students (N = 503), who rated their interest in 303 culture-relevant occupational titles and 93 major fields of study. Item-level principal components analyses identified general interest, prestige, and sex-type dimensions, rather than Prediger's (1982) People/Things…

  9. Personality, Vocational Interests, and Work Values of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Borges, Nicole J.; Hartung, Paul J.

    2009-01-01

    Interests, personality, and values figure prominently in work motivation, yet little research has examined the combined influence of these factors on vocational behavior. The present study therefore examined relationships among these variables in a sample of 282 medical students (169 women, 113 men) who responded to the Strong Interest Inventory,…

  10. Personality, Vocational Interests, and Work Values of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Borges, Nicole J.; Hartung, Paul J.

    2009-01-01

    Interests, personality, and values figure prominently in work motivation, yet little research has examined the combined influence of these factors on vocational behavior. The present study therefore examined relationships among these variables in a sample of 282 medical students (169 women, 113 men) who responded to the Strong Interest Inventory,…

  11. Structure of Vocational Interests for Korean College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tak, Jinkook

    2004-01-01

    The primary purpose of this research was to examine the vocational structure for Korean college students based on Holland's hexagon theory. The secondary purpose of this research was to provide validity data for using the Korean Strong Interest Inventory in Korea. With a sample of 829 Korean college students, using the Strong Interest Inventory…

  12. Strong Vocational Interest Blank Introversion Extraversion and Occupational Membership

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    Johansson, Charles B.

    1970-01-01

    Item responses for the Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB) were contrasted for a group of introverts and extraverts. A scale was constructed for the SVIB to measure a dimension of occupational introversion extraversion (OIE). Test retest reliability of the OIE was ofthe same magnitude as the other SVIB scales. Occupations were then ranked on…

  13. vocational interest, counselling, socio- economic status and age as ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    Dept of Educational Psychology and Curriculum Studies. Faculty of ... Modified Bakare Vocational interest inventory, the instrument on counselling, the instrument on ... eventually drop out or learn very little (UNICEF 2004). When they drop ... In fact, people who acknowledge the importance of education have become aware ...

  14. The Relations of Vocational Interests and Mathematical Literacy: On the Predictive Power of Interest Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warwas, Jasmin; Nagy, Gabriel; Watermann, Rainer; Hasselhorn, Marcus

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the relationships of vocational interests and mathematical literacy both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Extending previous research, the results of Holland's RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional) scale scores are compared with results from a reductionist approach using…

  15. The relationship between personality traits and vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gideon P. de Bruin

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This This study examined the relationship between vocational interests and basic personality traits. The interest fields of the 19-Field-Interest Inventory were related to the second order factors of the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire by means of a factor extension analysis. The results showed that extroverts tend to be interested in fields related to social contact and the influencing of other people. Emotionally sensitive individuals tend to be interested in the arts and languages. Independent individuals tend to be interested in creative thinking. The implications of the findings for career counselling are discussed. Opsomming Hierdie studie het ondersoek ingestel na die verband tussen beroepsbelangstellings en basiese persoonlikheidstrekke. Die 19 belangstellingsvelde van die 19-Veld-belangstellings-vraelys is aan die hand van ’n faktorverlengingsontleding met die tweede orde faktore van die 16-Persoonlikheids-faktorvraelys in verband gebring. Die resultate dui daarop dat ekstroverte geneig is omin veldewat sosiale kontak en die beinvloeding vanmense behels, belang te stel. Emosioneel sensitiewe individue is geneig om in kunssinnge en taal verwante velde belang te stel. Onafhanklike individue is geneig om in kreatiewe denke belang te stel. Die implikasies van die resultate vir loopbaanvoorligting word bespreek.

  16. Multidimensional Item Response Theory Models in Vocational Interest Measurement: An Illustration Using the AIST-R

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetzel, Eunike; Hell, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    Vocational interest inventories are commonly analyzed using a unidimensional approach, that is, each subscale is analyzed separately. However, the theories on which these inventories are based often postulate specific relationships between the interest traits. This article presents a multidimensional approach to the analysis of vocational interest…

  17. Multidimensional Item Response Theory Models in Vocational Interest Measurement: An Illustration Using the AIST-R

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetzel, Eunike; Hell, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    Vocational interest inventories are commonly analyzed using a unidimensional approach, that is, each subscale is analyzed separately. However, the theories on which these inventories are based often postulate specific relationships between the interest traits. This article presents a multidimensional approach to the analysis of vocational interest…

  18. Vocational Interests and Career Goals: Development and Relations to Personality in Middle Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschi, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Cross-sectional research implies a close relation of vocation interests, goals, and traits, yet little is known about their reciprocal development over time. This longitudinal study examined development of Things/People (T/P) and Data/Ideas (D/I) vocational interests and career goals in relation to Big Five personality traits among 292 Swiss…

  19. Are You Interested? A Meta-Analysis of Relations between Vocational Interests and Employee Performance and Turnover

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Iddekinge, Chad H.; Roth, Philip L.; Putka, Dan J.; Lanivich, Stephen E.

    2011-01-01

    A common belief among researchers is that vocational interests have limited value for personnel selection. However, no comprehensive quantitative summaries of interests validity research have been conducted to substantiate claims for or against the use of interests. To help address this gap, we conducted a meta-analysis of relations between…

  20. Examining Conformity to Masculinity Norms as a Function of RIASEC Vocational Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahalik, James R.; Perry, Justin C.; Coonerty-Femiano, Aimee; Catraio, Christine; Land, Lee N.

    2006-01-01

    The authors examined how college men's conformity to an array of masculinity norms varied as a function of their vocational interests to better understand the gendered context of men's vocational development. Three hundred ten mostly Caucasian and heterosexual college men completed the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory, and their answer to…

  1. Career self-efficacy, career outcome expectations and vocational interests among Japanese university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Tomoko

    2004-08-01

    The Social Cognitive Career Model proposes that career interests arise from beliefs about capability to execute a course of activity (self-efficacy), and beliefs about the consequences of performing particular activities (outcome expectations). In our study, 301 Japanese university students were given questionnaires including the Vocational Preference Inventory and scales assessing Career Self-efficacy and Career-outcome Expectations. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated both self-efficacy and outcome expectations were significantly related to vocational interests. Outcome expectations accounted for significant incremental variance in explaining interests across six of Holland's vocational environments. Implications of social cognitive theory for career development and interventions among Japanese university students are discussed.

  2. A Survey of Vocational Interest and Self-efficacy in Students Mayored in Nurse%护理专业大学生职业兴趣与自我效能感调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江景华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate vocational interests and self-ef icacy in nursing students. Methods 102 senior graduates mayored in Nurse from three medical col eges in Shandong were randomly selected as the research object. Hol and Vocational Interest Tests and General Self-ef icacy Scale was used and result of dif erent genders was compared. Results ①Enterprise-based and social dimension of nursing students showed significant gender dif erences, and the actual type, research and artistic type dimension showed no statistical dif erence.②Self-ef icacy of female col ege nursing students was significantly higher than male students, the dif erence was statistical y significant. Conclusion The nursing students of dif erent genders have dif erent career interests and self-ef icacy show significant dif erences.%目的调查了解护理专业大学生职业兴趣与自我效能感。方法随机抽取选取山东省三所医学院校护理专业102名大四毕业生为研究对象,采用Hol and职业兴趣测验和一般自我效能感量表,并对不同性别的大学生进行比较。结果①不同性别的护理专业大学生在社会型和企业型维度表现出显著的性别差异,实际型、研究型和艺术型维度未见统计学差异。②护理专业大学生中,女大学生的自我效能感要显著高于男大学生,差异具有统计学意义。结论护理专业大学生不同性别存在不同的职业兴趣,并表现出显著性差异的自我效能感。

  3. Clinical Judgment And The Strong Vocational Interest Blank

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    Sinnett, E. Robert; And Others

    1972-01-01

    Forty subjects (highly qualified and experienced in clinical judgment) were used to psychologically scale the extent to which SVIB scores and profiles supported an expressed vocational choice. Moderately high agreement was demonstrated across judges, although they differed considerably in the weights assigned to scores and configural patterns.…

  4. Integrating Vocational Interests, Competencies, and Interpersonal Dispositions in Middle School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodano, Sandro M.

    2011-01-01

    Vocational interests and interpersonal dispositions have been well researched in adults from the perspectives of Holland's RIASEC (1997) model of interests and the Interpersonal Circumplex (IPC), respectively. Few studies have applied either model to children and no studies have examined their overlap in children. A vector fitting procedure was…

  5. The HEXACO and Five-Factor Models of Personality in Relation to RIASEC Vocational Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Derek A.; Tokar, David M.

    2012-01-01

    The current study extended the empirical research on the overlap of vocational interests and personality by (a) testing hypothesized relations between RIASEC interests and the personality dimensions of the HEXACO model, and (b) exploring the HEXACO personality model's predictive advantage over the five-factor model (FFM) in capturing RIASEC…

  6. Vocational Interests and Big Five Traits as Predictors of Job Instability

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    Wille, Bart; De Fruyt, Filip; Feys, Marjolein

    2010-01-01

    Although empirical research on this topic is scarce, personality traits and vocational interests have repeatedly been named as potential individual level predictors of job change. Using a long-term cohort study (N = 291), we examined RIASEC interest profiles and Big Five personality scores at the beginning of the professional career as predictors…

  7. Mapping Associations between Interests and Personality: Toward a Conceptual Understanding of Individual Differences in Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Brandon A.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

    2004-01-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that previously reported associations between personality traits and vocational interests can be accounted for by associations between lower order personality traits and interests. Personality traits were explored using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (P. T. Costa & R. R. McCrae, I992b), which measures the…

  8. Integrating Vocational Interests, Competencies, and Interpersonal Dispositions in Middle School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodano, Sandro M.

    2011-01-01

    Vocational interests and interpersonal dispositions have been well researched in adults from the perspectives of Holland's RIASEC (1997) model of interests and the Interpersonal Circumplex (IPC), respectively. Few studies have applied either model to children and no studies have examined their overlap in children. A vector fitting procedure was…

  9. Examining the Application of Holland's Theory to Vocational Interests and Choices of Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mei

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the applicability of Holland's career development theory in cross-cultural settings by examining vocational interests of Chinese college students and the relationship between those interests and their career choices. One hundred sixty five Chinese college students complete a Chinese version of the Self-Directed Search and a…

  10. Vocational Interests and Big Five Traits as Predictors of Job Instability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wille, Bart; De Fruyt, Filip; Feys, Marjolein

    2010-01-01

    Although empirical research on this topic is scarce, personality traits and vocational interests have repeatedly been named as potential individual level predictors of job change. Using a long-term cohort study (N = 291), we examined RIASEC interest profiles and Big Five personality scores at the beginning of the professional career as predictors…

  11. Examining the Application of Holland's Theory to Vocational Interests and Choices of Chinese College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mei

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the applicability of Holland's career development theory in cross-cultural settings by examining vocational interests of Chinese college students and the relationship between those interests and their career choices. One hundred sixty five Chinese college students complete a Chinese version of the Self-Directed Search and a…

  12. Vocational Interests and Performance: A Quantitative Summary of Over 60 Years of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nye, Christopher D; Su, Rong; Rounds, James; Drasgow, Fritz

    2012-07-01

    Despite early claims that vocational interests could be used to distinguish successful workers and superior students from their peers, interest measures are generally ignored in the employee selection literature. Nevertheless, theoretical descriptions of vocational interests from vocational and educational psychology have proposed that interest constructs should be related to performance and persistence in work and academic settings. Moreover, on the basis of Holland's (1959, 1997) theoretical predictions, congruence indices, which quantify the degree of similarity or person-environment fit between individuals and their occupations, should be more strongly related to performance than interest scores alone. Using a comprehensive review of the interest literature that spans more than 60 years of research, a meta-analysis was conducted to examine the veracity of these claims. A literature search identified 60 studies and approximately 568 correlations that addressed the relationship between interests and performance. Results showed that interests are indeed related to performance and persistence in work and academic contexts. In addition, the correlations between congruence indices and performance were stronger than for interest scores alone. Thus, consistent with interest theory, the fit between individuals and their environment was more predictive of performance than interest alone.

  13. Vocational interests and career indecision among psychosis-prone college students.

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    Poreh, A M; Schullen, C

    1998-10-01

    This study investigated the relationship between scores on scales that purport to measure psychosis-proneness and scores on vocational interests, identity, and differentiation scales in a sample of 233 college students who completed the Perceptual Aberration and Magical Ideation scales, the Strong Campbell Interest Inventory, and the Career Decision Scale. The present findings are consistent with prior work indicating a sex-related association of scores on measures of psychosis-proneness and vocational interests. A positive correlation between scores on vocational indecision and measures of psychosis-proneness was also found, suggesting that both men and women who score high on psychosis-proneness find it difficult to formulate long-term career goals. Finally, there was no significant correlation between scores on measures of psychosis-proneness and Holland's Vocational Differentiation Index. Present results are discussed in light of previously reported sex differences among psychosis-prone adults and diagnosed schizophrenics. The implications of the findings for vocational counselors are also addressed.

  14. INTERESTING TASKS, INDEPENDENCE OR IMPORTANCE TO SOCIETY? - THE VOCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS OF GENERATION Y

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten Wüst

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a profession is complex and often affects many areas of one’s future life. In a representative study we analyzed data of 4,447 German adolescents, aged seventeen, who were interviewed in the years between 2000 and 2013. The aim of the study was to identify the effects of gender, school type, personality and leisure activities on vocational expectations and career-choice stages of generation Y. Especially, it was of interest which effect remained as a generational time effect after controlling for the named variables. For the analysis we used descriptive statistics with rank orders and mean values as well as linear and logistic regression analyses. Engagement in different leisure activities, gender and form of education all greatly affect the perceived importance of profession characteristics. While young women and students from German grammar schools rank “stimulating tasks” first, young men and students from all other school forms feel that a “secure position” is the most important. Also, personality factors influence the perceived importance of vocational features, with agreeable and extravert adolescents rating “contact to others”, “importance to society”, “helping others” and similar features significantly higher. After controlling for the named variables, there remained a significant correlation between the survey year and the term “secure position” which became less important, and the terms “working conditions”, “importance for society” and “helping others” all three of which became more important. A trend towards a higher valuation of one’s individual social responsibility can thus be noticed.

  15. Relative Importance of Interest and Ability in Vocational Decision Making

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    Sharf, Richard

    1970-01-01

    Seventy six college students rated each of 100 occupations either high or low with respect to their interest and ability in each one. Pairings for specific occupations were presented to each subject in a forced choice format. Self rated interest was found to be significantly more important than self rated ability in choosing between two…

  16. Stability of vocational interests among high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullis, R L; Mullis, A K; Gerwels, D

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the stability of adolescents' career interests using the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII). Students at a Midwestern high school were administered the SCII twice over a three-year period, and comparisons were made on Occupational Themes and Basic Interests. Significant differences in mean scores were found by gender and parental occupation, and these differences were relatively stable. The findings are discussed in relation to previous research and Holland's theory, and the implications are addressed.

  17. Correspondence of Children's Anticipated Vocations, Perceived Competencies, and Interests: Results from an Italian Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prime, Dominic R.; Nota, Laura; Ferrari, Lea; Schultheiss, Donna E. Palladino; Soresi, Salvatore; Tracey, Terence J. G.

    2010-01-01

    Relations among anticipated vocations, self-assessments of competence, and interests in sample of 190 Italian children were examined. Children were asked what activities they liked, those they thought they were good at, and what job they expected when they grew up. The responses were coded into RIASEC Holland codes and agreement across the three…

  18. Analyzing Individual Differences in Vocational, Leisure, and Family Interests: A Multitrait-Multimethod Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudron, Jean-Philippe; Vautier, Stephane

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the latent structure of individual differences in vocational, leisure, and family interests. The participants consisted of 302 French adults who rated their like or dislike for activities based on Holland's RIASEC typology and presented in three life domains: work, family and leisure. The multitrait-multimethod model…

  19. AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group Proceedings (Chicago, Illinois, March 24-28, 1997).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Diane H., Ed.

    This proceedings consists of five research papers presented during the 1997 annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The papers were presented during the sessions of the AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group. "Predictors of Occupational Choice among Rural Youth: Implications for Career Education and…

  20. The Congruence of Vocational Interests and the Workplace Environment: Reducing the Language Teacher Shortage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Peter B.

    2012-01-01

    There is a shortage of second/foreign language (S/FL) teachers in many parts of the world, and the rates of attrition are cause for alarm in North America. Canadian and US teachers' (N = 323) were administered the Self-Directed Search vocational interest inventory and the Coping in Stressful Situations scale. Results from this quantitative study…

  1. Impact of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on Situational Judgement Test performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schripsema, Nienke R; van Trigt, Anke M; Borleffs, Jan C C; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2017-01-01

    Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree progra

  2. Sky surveys of interest for cataclysmic variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szkody, Paula

    2016-07-01

    interval. Current followup of interesting systems occurs with HST, XMM, Chandra and NuSTAR. Future followup will involve JWST, WFIRST and Euclid. Examples, advantages and problems with these surveys will be presented and discussed.

  3. Analyzing the Relationship of Strengths to Personality Preferences and Vocational Interests Utilizing Clifton StrengthsFinder, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, and Strong Interest Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenck, Paulette M.

    2009-01-01

    Throughout the history of vocational psychology, career counselors have constantly searched for, devised, and implemented practices and techniques to best prepare clients for the world of work. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between strengths to personality preference and vocational interests utilizing the Myers-Briggs…

  4. The relationship between vocational interests and intelligence: Do findings generalize across different assessment methods?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENÉ T. PROYER

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to further explore the relationship between vocational interests and intelligence. There is some evidence in literature on the stable relationships between vocational interests and intelligence (cf. Ackerman & Heggestad, 1997. It should be noted that the majority of the previous studies have only used questionnaires for the assessment of vocational interests. Thus, it is of interest whether the results are also stable when different assessment methods are used. Therefore, a nonverbal test was used in this study together with two questionnaires. Additionally, tests for general intelligence, verbal, numeric, and spatial ability, and memory were used. A sample of N = 138 persons was tested in a computerized setting. Results indicate that there is a positive relation between Realistic and Investigative interests and spatial ability. This result was found for both the questionnaires as well as the nonverbal test. Therefore, it can be assumed that this relation is stable for different assessment methods. The data is discussed with respect to current literature.

  5. 12 CFR 906.5 - Monthly interest rate survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Monthly interest rate survey. 906.5 Section 906... OPERATIONS OPERATIONS Monthly Interest Rate Survey (MIRS) § 906.5 Monthly interest rate survey. The Finance Board conducts its Monthly Survey of Rates and Terms on Conventional One-Family Non-farm Mortgage...

  6. You Do What You Are: The Relationship between the Scale of Creative Attributes and Behavior and Vocational Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Kathryn E.; Kneipp, Lee B.

    2009-01-01

    Previous research has found relationships between measures of creativity and Vocational Interests, especially the artistic type. To partially examine the validity of a new self-report measure of creativity, 115 college students were administered the Vocational Preference Inventory (Form C) (VPI-C; Holland, 1985; Lowman & Schurman, 1982) and the…

  7. Impact of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on Situational Judgement Test performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schripsema, Nienke R; van Trigt, Anke M; Borleffs, Jan C C; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2017-05-01

    Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116). This choice was used as a proxy for vocational interest. In addition, all graduate-entry applicants for academic year 2015-2016 (n = 213) were included to examine the effect of previous academic experience on performance. We used MANCOVA analyses with Bonferroni post hoc multiple comparisons tests for applicant performance on a six-scenario SJT. The MANCOVA analyses showed that for all scenarios, the independent variables were significantly related to performance (Pillai's Trace: 0.02-0.47, p < .01). Vocational interest was related to performance on three scenarios (p < .01). Graduate-entry applicants outperformed all other groups on three scenarios (p < .01) and at least one other group on the other three scenarios (p < .01). Female applicants outperformed male applicants on three scenarios (p < .01) and age was positively related to performance on two scenarios (p < .05). A good fit between applicants' vocational interests and SJT scenario was related to better performance, as was previous academic experience. Gender and age were related to performance on SJT scenarios in different settings. Especially the first effect might be helpful in selecting appropriate candidates for areas of health care in which more professionals are needed.

  8. Validity of Vocational Aspirations and Interest Inventories: Extended, Replicated, and Reinterpreted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Found classified vocational aspirations of 467 male and 250 female Navy recruits superior to Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Predictions for subjects with coherent vocational aspirations were very predictive over short time interval. Hypothesized links between coherence of vocational aspirations and Identity Scale, NEO Personality Inventory…

  9. 刍议高职学生学习兴趣的培养%Humble Opinion on Training Learning Interest of Higher Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宜君

    2012-01-01

    This paper conducted a survey of more than five hundred students' learning situation in higher vocational colleges,and found that a lack of learning interest was the primary reason for lacking of vocational students' learning motivation.This paper also analyzed the influential factors of the learning interest,and formulated incentive mechanisms to promote students' learning.%本文基于对五百多位高职生学习状况的调查,发现高职学生学习动力不足的首要原因是学生缺乏学习兴趣,分析了影响学生学习兴趣的原因,并探讨了培养、激发学生学习兴趣的各种方式、方法。

  10. Efficacy Expectations and Vocational Interests as Mediators between Sex and Choice of Math/Science College Majors: A Longitudinal Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapan, Richard T.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Path analysis of data from 101 students before college and after declaring majors demonstrated the importance of math self-efficacy beliefs and vocational interests in predicting math/science majors. The more extroverted and those with artistic interests were less likely to major in math/science. Aspirations had solidified before college,…

  11. Construction Surveying, 3-27. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

    This short course on construction surveying was developed from military curriculum materials for use in technical and vocational education programs. Students completing the course should be able to perform engineering surveys related to area and route surveying (knowledge of basic survey techniques is a prerequisite). The course is divided into…

  12. Convergence of conventional and behavior-based measures: Towards a multimethod approach in the assessment of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENÉ T. PROYER

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of different techniques for the assessment of vocational interests. In an empirical study (n = 264 a questionnaire, a nonverbal test, several objective personality tests, and a semi-projective test were applied in one single session in a computerized setting. All tests enable the assessment of vocational interests with regard to the theory of vocational interests by Holland (1997. Results showed that highest correlations to a Holland-type questionnaire were found for the questionnaire and the nonverbal test. In general, the objective personality tests were less homogenous and showed lower correlations to questionnaires. Nevertheless, all different measures showed potential for the assessment of vocational interests. Improvements in the test material and scoring methods of the newly constructed tests are discussed and a model for the combined use of different assessment methods is presented. Future research directions and a discussion on the role of a multimethod assessment strategy in practice are given.

  13. Personality Traits, Vocational Interests, and Career Exploration: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between American and Hong Kong Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Weiqiao; Cheung, Fanny M.; Leong, Frederick T. L.; Cheung, Shu Fai

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the pattern of relationships among personality, vocational interests, and career exploration within an integrated framework between 369 American and 392 Hong Kong university students. The first hypothesis predicted differential contributions of the universal and indigenous personality dimensions based on the Cross-cultural…

  14. Vocational Interest as a Correlate of Re-Entry of Girls into School in Edo State, Nigeria: Implications for Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alika, Ijeoma Henrietta; Egbochuku, Elizabeth Omotunde

    2012-01-01

    The study investigated the relationship between vocational interest socio-economic status and re-entry of girls into school in Edo State. The research design adopted was correlational because it sought to establish the relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable. A sample size of 306 girls who re-enrolled in institutes…

  15. Kuder Occupational Interest Survey Profiles of Reentry Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tittle, Carol K.; Denker, Elenor R.

    1977-01-01

    The Kuder Occupational Interest Survey was administered to 202 women considering reentry into education. It was found that the KOIS does differentiate between women and individual interests are reflected for this sample of women. It was concluded that examination of male-normed scales is very useful in counseling. (Author)

  16. How Informative Are Interest Rate Survey-based Forecasts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus A. Feitosa

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the information content of survey-based predictions for the Brazilian short-term interest rate. We perform vector autoregression analysis to test for the dynamic relationship between market expectations of interest rates and spot interest rates, and a single regression forecasting approach. Empirical results suggest that surveys may be useful in assessing market expectations (contain relevant information and in building Central Bank credibility. Within an inflation targeting framework they are crucial in order to receive timely feedback on market sentiment regarding the conduct of monetary policy.

  17. Administration and Supervision of Area Vocational-Technical Schools in Tennessee. Topics of Interest: Volume I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel Clifton, Ed.

    This document includes seven papers aimed at administrators of postsecondary schools, especially in Tennessee. Topics which are addressed are the problems and concerns of supervision; informal power structure in vocational education; program articulation; effective use of advisory councils in area vocational-technical schools; occupational…

  18. The Impact of Gender on Interest in Science Topics and the Choice of Scientific and Technical Vocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buccheri, Grazia; Abt Gürber, Nadja; Brühwiler, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Many countries belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) note a shortage of highly qualified scientific-technical personnel, whereas demand for such employees is growing. Therefore, how to motivate (female) high performers in science or mathematics to pursue scientific careers is of special interest. The sample for this study is taken from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006. It comprises 7,819 high performers either in sciences or mathematics from representative countries of four different education systems which generally performed well or around the OECD average in PISA 2006: Switzerland, Finland, Australia, and Korea. The results give evidence that gender specificity and gender inequity in science education are a cross-national problem. Interests in specific science disciplines only partly support vocational choices in scientific-technical fields. Instead, gender and gender stereotypes play a significant role. Enhancing the utility of a scientific vocational choice is expected to soften the gender impact.

  19. 浅谈提高中职学生学习兴趣%Students' Learning Interest in Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟磊

    2011-01-01

    Vocational school training highly qualified technical personnel should first improve students' interest in learning,clear learning objectives,and enhance self-confidence.Teachers should improve their quality and change teaching methods.%中职学校培养高素质技术人才要提高学生的学习兴趣,明确学习目的,增强自信心。教师要提高素质,改进教学方法。

  20. Evaluation of the hexagonal and spherical model of vocational interests in the young people in Serbia and Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hedrih Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to validate Holland’s hexagonal and Tracey’s spherical model of vocational interests in young adults in Serbia and Bulgaria. To this end, 1250 participants, 560 from Serbia and 690 from Bulgaria, filled in Serbian and Bulgarian versions of the Personal Globe Inventory (PGI, Tracey, 2002. Hubert and Arabie’s randomization test of hypothetical orders, multidimensional scaling with fixed coordinates, Myors test and exploratory factor analysis were used. The results showed that the hexagonal and spherical models well explained the structure of vocational interests in both samples. The level of fit of the hexagonal model to the data obtained by using the PGI was generally higher than those established in the studies that used other Holland-based instruments. Furthermore, the levels of fit of both hexagonal and spherical model were in the same range like those obtained in previous studies in other countries. The results also pointed out a remarkable similarity in the structure of vocational interests in the Bulgarian and Serbian samples. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179002

  1. Vocational interests assessed at the end of high school predict life outcomes assessed 10 years later over and above IQ and Big Five personality traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoll, Gundula; Rieger, Sven; Lüdtke, Oliver; Nagengast, Benjamin; Trautwein, Ulrich; Roberts, Brent W

    2017-07-01

    Vocational interests are important aspects of personality that reflect individual differences in motives, goals, and personal strivings. It is therefore plausible that these characteristics have an impact on individuals' lives not only in terms of vocational outcomes, but also beyond the vocational domain. Yet the effects of vocational interests on various life outcomes have rarely been investigated. Using Holland's RIASEC taxonomy (Holland, 1997), which groups vocational interests into 6 broad domains, the present study examined whether vocational interests are significant predictors of life outcomes that show incremental validity over and above the Big Five personality traits. For this purpose, a cohort of German high school students (N = 3,023) was tracked over a period of 10 years after graduating from school. Linear and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the predictive validity of RIASEC interests and Big Five personality traits. Nine outcomes from the domains of work, relationships, and health were investigated. The results indicate that vocational interests are important predictors of life outcomes that show incremental validity over the Big Five personality traits. Vocational interests were significant predictors of 7 of the 9 investigated outcomes: full-time employment, gross income, unemployment, being married, having children, never having had a relationship, and perceived health status. For work and relationship outcomes, vocational interests were even stronger predictors than the Big Five personality traits. For health-related outcomes, the results favored the personality traits. Effects were similar across gender for all outcomes-except 2 relationship outcomes. Possible explanations for these effects are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. Assessing Vocational Interests in the Basque Country Using Paired Comparison Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elosua, Paula

    2007-01-01

    This article proposes the Thurstonian paired comparison model to assess vocational preferences and uses this approach to evaluate the Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprise, and Conventional (RIASEC) model in the Basque Country (Spain). First, one unrestricted model is estimated in the Structural Equation Modelling framework using…

  3. AERA Vocational Education Special Interest Group Proceedings (San Diego, California, April 13-17, 1998).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackman, Diane H., Ed.

    This document contains six research papers: "Articulation Practices among Secondary and Postsecondary Vocational-Technical Education Programs" (Bob R. Stewart, Sandra Eckert-Stewart); "What Message Are We Sending to Counselors about Their Role in Tech Prep?" (Paula Puckett); "From School-to-Work: Secretaries' and Machinists' Representations of…

  4. Stability of vocational interests among the intellectually gifted from adolescence to adulthood: a 15-year longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubinski, D; Benbow, C P; Ryan, J

    1995-02-01

    A sample of 162 intellectually gifted adolescents (top 1%) were administered the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory at age 13. Fifteen years later, they were administered the Strong again. This study evaluated the intra- and interindividual temporal stability of the 6 RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) themes and the Strong's 23 Basic Interest Scales. Over the 15-year test-retest interval, RIASEC's median interindividual correlation for the 6 themes was .46; the median of all 162 intraindividual correlations was .57. Configural analyses of the most dominant theme at age 13 revealed that this theme was significantly more likely than chance to be either dominant or adjacent to the dominant theme at age 28--following RIASEC's hexagonal structure. For intellectually gifted individuals, it appears to be possible to forecast salient features of their adult RIASEC profile by assessing their vocational interests during early adolescence, but some RIASEC themes seem more stable than others.

  5. Level of Differentiation of Vocational Interests Profiles: Comparative Study by Age and Schooling in a Brazilian Sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Porto Noronha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Vocational interests can be defined as standards of preference, aversion or indifference to professional activities, but little is known about the factors involved in their development. From this perspective, this study attempted to clarify which variable, age or schooling, better fit comparisons of profile differentiation index. To this end, we analyzed the Escala de Aconselhamento Profissional (Professional Counseling Scale responses of 6,824 Brazilian students between 14 and 50 years old with various levels of education. Differentiation of the interest profile was observed by subtraction between dimensions with lower and higher scores. Normality of the distributions was verified and then Analysis of Variance and Tukey’s post hoc test were conducted in relation to groups of age and schooling. The results suggest that schooling is a more appropriate variable to compare the differentiation of interests. The implications and limitations of this study are discussed, and suggestions for future studies are given.

  6. 大学生职业兴趣量表编制%Development of vocational interest scale of university students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健美; 王鹏; 陈国鹏

    2010-01-01

    Objective To develop a Vocational Interest Scale of University Students which fits the contemporary current university students, and it could give directions to university students when they were choosing a vocation. Methods Taking Holland's theory as the guide and taking 65 items of Self-Directed Search (SDS) for reference, then adding 28 items which standed for contemporary current university students' ideas of vocational interest to develop original Vocational Interest Scale of University Students. Results The formal scale included 7 tendency(subscales) and 61 items,7 subscales were technology tendency, administration tendency, business trade tendency ,art tendency ,investigation tendency,transaction tendency. The reliability of the scale was very good, the Cronbach's coefficients and spit-half reliability were over 0.7. The factor analysis abstracted 7 factors and the total variance explained reached 45%. The factor analysis results indicated that the scale had a good structure.Conclusion This scale make vocational interest as measuring object and could be a useful tool to give directions to university students who are choosing some vocation.%目的 编制适合当代大学生的职业兴趣量表,并能对大学生就业指导起到一定的参考作用.方法 以Holland理论为借鉴和指导,参考自我导向搜索测验量表(SDS)中的项目65个,并融入代表当代大学生职业兴趣观念的自编项目28个,编制成为原始的大学生职业兴趣量表.通过探索性因素分析的方法 对原始量表结构进行调整,并对项目进行删减,最终形成大学生职业兴趣量表.结果 编制了包括7个倾向(分量表),即技术技能倾向、管理组织倾向、商贸经营倾向、艺术创造倾向、自然户外倾向、科学研究倾向、一般事务倾向,61个项目的 大学生职业兴趣量表.该量表的信度较为理想,内部一致性信度、分半信度基本均在0.7以上,量表的因素分析结果 提取了7

  7. Gender-related individual differences and the structure of vocational interests: the importance of the people-things dimension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippa, R

    1998-04-01

    In 3 studies (respective Ns = 289, 394, and 1,678), males and females were assessed on Big Five traits, masculine instrumentality (M), feminine expressiveness (F), gender diagnosticity (GD), and RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) vocational interest scales. Factor analyses of RIASEC scores consistently showed evidence for D.J. Prediger's (1982) People-Things and Ideas-Data dimensions, and participants' factor scores on these dimensions were computed. In all studies Big Five Openness was related to Ideas-Data but not to People-Things. Gender was strongly related to People-Things but not to Ideas-Data. Within each sex, GD correlated strongly with People-Things but not with Ideas-Data. M, F, and Big Five measures other than Openness tended not to correlate strongly with RIASEC scales or dimensions. The results suggest that gender and gender-related individual differences within the sexes are strongly linked to the People-Things dimension of vocational interests.

  8. Domestic and Foreign Research on Vocational Interest Theory%国内外职业兴趣理论研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景毅

    2016-01-01

    Vocational interest is an important branch of interest researches, based on all kinds of interest theory, different vocational interest theories will be produced. In this paper, from the meaning of vocational interest, the research significance, history of the development of the questionnaire, influencing factors and training strategy, two professional interest measurement tools in seven aspects of study on vocational interest were reviewed, and the author puts forward views and suggestions for the further research.%职业兴趣是兴趣研究的重要分支,基于各种兴趣理论的研究产生出不同的职业兴趣理论。文章从职业兴趣的含义、研究意义、测量问卷的发展历史、影响因素、培养策略、工具等六个方面对职业兴趣研究进行了综述,并对进一步的研究提出了建议。

  9. Technical Education and Vocational Training in Central Africa. Feasibility Survey of the Regional Development of Rapid Vocational Training: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, and Gabon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organization for Rehabilitation through Training, Geneva (Switzerland).

    This final report is the result of a survey requested by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and undertaken by the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT) of four countries (Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, and Gabon) and a conference on vocational training sponsored by the Economic and Customs…

  10. 1987 Follow-up Survey on Chapters 5 and 6 Impact on Area Vocational-Technical Schools and Selected School Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittenhafer, Clarence A., Comp.; Winters, Thomas R., Comp.

    A study was made of the impact of Chapter 5 and 6 Regulations and Chapter 339 Standards, which increase graduation requirements, on vocational education in Pennsylvania. The target group for the 1987 follow-up mail survey was the vocational director or administrator in each of the 73 area vocational-technical schools (AVTSs) and 60 randomly…

  11. Culture and vocational interests: the moderating role of collectivism and gender egalitarianism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott-Holland, Catherine J; Huang, Jason L; Ryan, Ann Marie; Elizondo, Fabian; Wadlington, Patrick L

    2013-10-01

    In some cultures, individuals are free to pursue careers that match their personalities. In others, familial and societal expectations regarding career paths may restrict the links between individual personality and interests. Gender role expectations also may vary across cultures and may be associated with gender differences in interests. Past meta-analytic research has shown some career interests are related to personality traits (Barrick, Mount, & Gupta, 2003; Larson, Rottinghaus, & Borgen, 2002), but the cross-cultural variation of these relationships has not been sufficiently explored. Interest and personality data were obtained from an archival data set of 391,485 individuals from 20 countries. Results indicated that in cultures with high in-group collectivism, connections between personality traits and occupational interests may be less pronounced. Cultural gender egalitarianism moderated the level of gender differences in interests, unexpectedly demonstrating that gender differences may be wider in egalitarian cultures. Implications for career guidance in multicultural settings are discussed.

  12. The Moderating Effect of Private Self-Consciousness on the Stability of Vocational Interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schomburg, Allison M.; Tokar, David M.

    2003-01-01

    Undergraduates (n=108) completed the Self-Directed Search twice in 12 weeks. Higher private self-consciousness was related to more stable interest scores on the Enterprising scale, but not on the other five scales. (Contains 31 references.) (SK)

  13. A Follow-Up Analysis of Agricultural Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandya, Himanshu; Curtis, Samuel M.

    1978-01-01

    A followup survey of Pennsylvania eighth grade students previously inventoried for agricultural interest indicated that those students who later enrolled in high school vocational agriculture courses had shown higher interest scores on the inventory. Both sets of data are compared, with implications for vocational agriculture counseling. (MF)

  14. Holland in Iceland Revisited: An Emic Approach to Evaluating U.S. Vocational Interest Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einarsdottir, Sif; Rounds, James; Su, Rong

    2010-01-01

    An emic approach was used to test the structural validity and applicability of Holland's (1997) RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) model in Iceland. Archival data from the development of the Icelandic Interest Inventory (Einarsdottir & Rounds, 2007) were used in the present investigation. The data…

  15. An Idiothetic Examination of Vocational Interests and Their Relation to Career Decidedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tracey, Terence J. G.; Darcy, Maria

    2002-01-01

    Examines individuals' deviation from Holland's normative circular RIASEC model of organizing interests and determines if deviation is related to career indecision, career certainty, and perceptions of competence. Results revealed that deviation from the normative structure was associated with less career certainty and more career indecision.…

  16. Vocational Interests in China: An Evaluation of the Personal Globe Inventory-Short

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yu; Kube, Erin; Wang, Yuzhong; Tracey, Terence J. G.

    2013-01-01

    A diverse Chinese sample of 2567 high school and college students was utilized to examine the structural validity of the PGI-S (Tracey, 2010) with respect to the fit to the circumplex structure, the theoretical model underlying the RIASEC types and the eight PGI (Tracey, 2002) interest types. The randomization test of hypothesized order relations…

  17. Does Gender-Specific Differential Item Functioning Affect the Structure in Vocational Interest Inventories?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beinicke, Andrea; Pässler, Katja; Hell, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    The study investigates consequences of eliminating items showing gender-specific differential item functioning (DIF) on the psychometric structure of a standard RIASEC interest inventory. Holland's hexagonal model was tested for structural invariance using a confirmatory methodological approach (confirmatory factor analysis and randomization…

  18. The Psychological and Vocational Interest Patterns of Donald Super and John Holland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinrach, Stephen G.

    1996-01-01

    Super and Holland are the two most prominent theorists in the field of career development. This article offers a glimpse into the psychological make up of these theorists; it presents comparative data about the theorists' interests, values, and personalities based on the results of four psychometric instruments. (LSR)

  19. The Influence of Vocational Interest Inventories: Some Implications for Psychological Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    The impact of psychological testing on the public is explored. Topics discussed include a review of the controversy over interest inventories, what has been learned from the research and from the political activity that was enacted relative to employment/admission testing, and some ideas for increasing the ability to cope more readily with current…

  20. An Empirical Examination of the Composition of Vocational Interest in Business Colleges: MIS vs. Other Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downey, James

    2011-01-01

    Given the diminishing number of Management Information Systems (MIS) majors, an understanding of the factors which influence student choice of major is crucial. It has been noted in many previous studies that interest in a major and career significantly influences the student's choice of college major; indeed, in most studies, it is the strongest…

  1. Holland in Iceland Revisited: An Emic Approach to Evaluating U.S. Vocational Interest Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einarsdottir, Sif; Rounds, James; Su, Rong

    2010-01-01

    An emic approach was used to test the structural validity and applicability of Holland's (1997) RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional) model in Iceland. Archival data from the development of the Icelandic Interest Inventory (Einarsdottir & Rounds, 2007) were used in the present investigation. The data…

  2. Computer Based Report for the Strong Vocational Interest Blank for Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.

    1971-01-01

    Interest inventories are among the most complex tests to report because of the large number of scores reported. The major purpose of the SVIB W report described here is to present results clearly and in such a way as to alleviate the need for further explanation. (Author/BY)

  3. Does Gender-Specific Differential Item Functioning Affect the Structure in Vocational Interest Inventories?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beinicke, Andrea; Pässler, Katja; Hell, Benedikt

    2014-01-01

    The study investigates consequences of eliminating items showing gender-specific differential item functioning (DIF) on the psychometric structure of a standard RIASEC interest inventory. Holland's hexagonal model was tested for structural invariance using a confirmatory methodological approach (confirmatory factor analysis and randomization…

  4. An Idiothetic Examination of Vocational Interests and Their Relation to Career Decidedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tracey, Terence J. G.; Darcy, Maria

    2002-01-01

    Examines individuals' deviation from Holland's normative circular RIASEC model of organizing interests and determines if deviation is related to career indecision, career certainty, and perceptions of competence. Results revealed that deviation from the normative structure was associated with less career certainty and more career indecision.…

  5. Forest Landowner Education Interests and Delivery Preferences: A Retrospective Look at Survey Results and Actual Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zobrist, Kevin W.; Rozance, Mary Ann

    2015-01-01

    This article presents survey data on education interests and delivery preferences of small forest landowners in Washington and compares it to actual program participation over 6 years. The survey was conducted in late 2007 to guide development and implementation of a Extension forestry program. The survey found broad interest across many topics…

  6. Forest Landowner Education Interests and Delivery Preferences: A Retrospective Look at Survey Results and Actual Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zobrist, Kevin W.; Rozance, Mary Ann

    2015-01-01

    This article presents survey data on education interests and delivery preferences of small forest landowners in Washington and compares it to actual program participation over 6 years. The survey was conducted in late 2007 to guide development and implementation of a Extension forestry program. The survey found broad interest across many topics…

  7. Interest in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery among otorhinolaryngologists: a survey in The Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pinxteren, S.A. van; Lohuis, P.J.; Ingels, K.J.A.O.; Nolst Trenite, G.J.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the interest of Dutch otorhinolaryngologists in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery (FPRS). METHODS: We conducted a 22-question survey among otorhinolaryngology physicians and residents concerning their experience with and interest in FPRS. The response rate was 71%

  8. Labour Market Outcomes of Vocational Education in Europe: Evidence from the European Union Labour Force Survey. Research Paper No 32

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report focuses on the outcomes of vocational education and, in particular, on the transition from education to work in the current employment situation for young adults in the European Union. Using anonymised microdata from the EU labour force survey 2009 ad hoc module, this is one of the first studies to undertake a large cross-country…

  9. 职业院校女学生体育课兴趣培养研究%Vocational College Female Students' Interest Development in Physical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵丽霞

    2015-01-01

    体育教学是职业院校教育的重要组成部分,肩负着提高学生身体素质,促进学生心理健康发展的重任,通过体育教学研究发现,当前职业院校女学生体育课学习兴趣低,对体育教学不认可,体育锻炼参加意识较差,本文采用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法就职业院校女学生体育课兴趣的影响因素进行调查研究,指出了当前造成女学生体育课兴趣较低的原因,并针对这些影响因素提出了一些合理化建议,希望为提高职业院校女学生体育课学习兴趣提供一些参考。%Physical education is an important part of education in vocational schools, shoulder to improve student fitness, and promote the healthy development of students 'mental responsibility, through the teaching of PE found that the current low PE vocational college female students' interest in learning, teaching does not endorse sports , poor sense of participating in physical exercise, we use the literature, expert interviews, questionnaires, mathematical statistics to investigate and study the factors affecting vocational college female students 'interests in physical, pointed out the cause of female students' sports in-terests lower reasons for these factors and made some reasonable suggestions, hoping to provide some reference for impro-ving vocational colleges PE female students' interest in learning.

  10. The career interest test. A brief, standardized assessment of interests for use in educational and vocational guidance = El test de intereses profesionales. Un instrumento de diagnóstico breve y estandarizado para su uso en orientación educativa y profesional

    OpenAIRE

    Athanasou, James A

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the Career Interest Test (Version 3.0), which is a 63-item forced choice, individually- or group-administered assessment of seven vocational interest categories: Outdoor, Practical, Scientific, Creative, Business, Office and People Contact interests It is designed for use in educational and vocational contexts as a practical guide to adolescent career planning. The Career Interest Test is now made freely available for professional use and is also available for free on-l...

  11. The students' interest for 2012 and 2013 cohort in construction engineering vocational education program Universitas Negeri Semarang in choosing the subject specialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julianto, Eko Nugroho; Salamah, Ummu

    2017-03-01

    On the 2012 curriculum, Vocational Education Program Universitas Negeri Semarang allowed the students to choose subjects for their specialization according to their ability. The subject specialization was given at the 6th semester to provide students in performing field work experience. Each course has its own enthusiasts specialization, students have certain considerations in selecting the course. The consideration of each of them is different from one another because they have their own talents, interests, aspirations and perceptions or a different view in assessing a subject specialization offered by Construction Engineering Vocational Education Program. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of interest caused by intrinsic and extrinsic factors on 2012 and 2013 students' cohort in selecting subjects of specialization. This research is descriptive with quantitative approach, which is carried out to determine the magnitude of the interest students in choosing courses of specialization. Research conducted at the Civil Engineering Department Universitas Negeri Semarang, with research subjects that students PTB forces in 2012 and 2013, with a total sample of 87 students. The results showed that the interest of the student of 2012 and 2013 in selecting subjects of specialization is equal to 68.06% with the criteria are interested in contributions from intrinsic factors indicate the yield at 35.48% and 64.52% extrinsic factors.

  12. Assessment for Learning: Capturing the Interest of Diverse Students on an Academic Writing Module in Postgraduate Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, P.; Mooney, S.

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses the complexities surrounding the teaching of a critical thinking and academic writing module on a vocational postgraduate programme. Students enrolled on this programme are strongly industry focused and often fail to see the relevance of such a module, despite the fact that most are international students with English as…

  13. Assessment for Learning: Capturing the Interest of Diverse Students on an Academic Writing Module in Postgraduate Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, P.; Mooney, S.

    2017-01-01

    This article discusses the complexities surrounding the teaching of a critical thinking and academic writing module on a vocational postgraduate programme. Students enrolled on this programme are strongly industry focused and often fail to see the relevance of such a module, despite the fact that most are international students with English as…

  14. THE IMPORTANCE OF SCHOOL GUIDANCE ACTIVITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE NECESSITY OF KNOWING THE VOCATIONAL INTERESTS IN A DYNAMIC EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Elena, GHEORDUNESCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Strategy Europe 2020 aims to ensure an economic growth: smart, more efficient throught investment in education, reseatch and innovation; durable, by decisive orientation to a new economy with low-emisions of carbon dioxide and favorable to inclusion, by focusing on creating jobs and redcuing poverty. The priorites of the strategy will be achieved through five objectives, one which is linked to emplyment, namely: employment rate of 75% for population aged between 20 and 64 years. Providing such rate of occupancy implies policies at microeconomical level, but we consider also at individual level. So the young, future employees must be properly trained, and have the right to be able to handle a job. Current realities show that employers are interested in having by their side in accomplishing their goals, employees who are proactive, who improvise, who can cope with various demands in which they are involved, and respond positively to companies. They require a career choice to meet the vocational interests. Based on these issues, this paper aims to analyze the importance of knowing the vocational interests in school orientation by highlighting the correlation between the selected profile and personality of each. However, in this paper we try to show that school guidance is an early process and that if they knew their vocational interests, young people would be more decisive in the choice of future profession. We believe that, if the counseling activites and school oriantation would be conducted in a professiona way, youth might focus on those occupations which best define them and also could access appropriate university programs with favorable effects on employment levels.

  15. 浅谈中职学生物理兴趣培养%A Brief Discussion on the Cultivation of Secondary Voca-tional Students' Interest in Physics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In view of the current dilemmas of secondary vocational students' physics learning, this paper interprets how to cultivate students' learning interest and improve their learning activeness.%  针对当前进入中职学校的学生物理成绩普遍较差、学习兴趣不高所导致的学生难学、教师难教的困境,阐述了如何培养学生的学习兴趣,提高学习的积极性。

  16. Improvements in primary care skills and knowledge with a vocational training program – a pre–post survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djalali S

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Sima Djalali, Ryan Tandjung, Thomas Rosemann, Stefan Markun Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Background: Facing the upcoming shortage of primary care physicians (PCPs, medical and governmental organizations have recently made major investments to foster vocational training programs in Switzerland, designed to provide context-specific training for trainees in primary care practices. Less is known about the impact of these programs on the skills and specific knowledge of trainees. We aimed to evaluate the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland’s largest Canton.Methods: We undertook a pretest–posttest study and surveyed physicians before and after participating in the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Swiss Canton of Zurich. All trainees who participated in the program from 2013 until the end of 2015 were eligible. Primary outcome was the proportion of trainees being confident about their professional, organizational, examination and management skills before and after completing vocational training. Secondary outcomes were the proportion of trainees stating knowledge gain in entrepreneurship and the proportion of trainees being motivated to pursue a career as PCP.Results: Data of 47 trainees participating in the vocational training between 2013 and 2015 were eligible. In total, 35 (74.5% participated in the T1 survey and 34 (72.3% in the T2 survey. At T2, significantly more trainees (T1: 11%−89%, T2: 79%−100% stated to be at least “slightly confident” about their skills (p<0.05 for each individual skill. Knowledge gain in entrepreneurship was highly expected and experienced by the trainees (55%−77% of respondents in case of medicine-specific contents, but hardly expected in case of general business contents (≤47% of respondents. Concerning trainees’ motivation to pursue a career as PCP

  17. 打击不良中介,保障高职生权益%Fight Against Unscrupulous Intermediary and Protect the Interest of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘波

    2012-01-01

    Quite a few higher vocational college students who choose to do a part-time job to less- en the burden of their families are frequently cheated by unscrupulous intermediaries. Why their rights and interests are infringed is analysed, countermeasures to protect their rights and interests are proposed so that the rights and interests of students who work part-time can be effectively as- sured.%不少高职生选择外出打工以减轻家庭负担,找兼职经常被不良中介所骗。分析了兼职高职生权益受侵的原因,提出了维权的对策和措施,以有效保障打工学生的合法权益。

  18. 贵州省高校在校本科生职业兴趣的结构研究%Structure Research on Vocational Interest of Undergraduates of Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余良; 杨静

    2011-01-01

    对贵州省高校在校本科生职业兴趣的结构进行研究,目的在于验证霍兰德职业兴趣调查表在贵州高校在校本科生中的结构,以探究霍兰德职业兴趣理论在不同文化背景下的可适用性。运用系统聚类法、多维尺度法作结构验证。得出结论:六种职业兴趣类型呈不规则的六边形结构,其顺序为I-RASEC;霍兰德职业兴趣理论不完全适用于贵州省高校本科生。%Objective:to examine the structure of Vocational Interest of undergraduates of Guizhou and to research the applicability of Holland's RIASEC typology of vocational interest in different culture.Methods:Hierarchical Cluster Analysis and Multidimensional Scaling are used to analyse the structure of Vocational Interest.Results:the six types of Vocational Interest show irregular Hexagon,and ranged in IRASEC;The holland's Vocational Interest test is not fully applicable to undergraduates of Guizhou.

  19. The Development of the STEM Career Interest Survey (STEM-CIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kier, Meredith W.; Blanchard, Margaret R.; Osborne, Jason W.; Albert, Jennifer L.

    2014-06-01

    Internationally, efforts to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers have been on the rise. It is often the goal of such efforts that increased interest in STEM careers should stimulate economic growth and enhance innovation. Scientific and educational organizations recommend that efforts to interest students in STEM majors and careers begin at the middle school level, a time when students are developing their own interests and recognizing their academic strengths. These factors have led scholars to call for instruments that effectively measure interest in STEM classes and careers, particularly for middle school students. In response, we leveraged the social cognitive career theory to develop a survey with subscales in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. In this manuscript, we detail the six stages of development of the STEM Career Interest Survey. To investigate the instrument's reliability and psychometric properties, we administered this 44-item survey to over 1,000 middle school students (grades 6-8) who primarily were in rural, high-poverty districts in the southeastern USA. Confirmatory factor analyses indicate that the STEM-CIS is a strong, single factor instrument and also has four strong, discipline-specific subscales, which allow for the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics subscales to be administered separately or in combination. This instrument should prove helpful in research, evaluation, and professional development to measure STEM career interest in secondary level students.

  20. The Practice of Higher Vocational Class Interest Teaching%高职英语课堂趣味性教学的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉梅

    2012-01-01

    This article puts forward effective ways to solve the problems of poor higher vocational students' English foundation and the difficult teaching situation through the discussion about how to improve English class interest teaching. It is aimed firstly to avoid the students'disliking of learning English, and secondly to improve higher vocational English teaching quality, assure that the teaching is carried out smoothly, and promote all-round development of students.%本文通过对如何实施高职英语课堂趣味性教学的探讨,提出解决高职学生英语基础差.高职英语教学难状况的有效办法,以此避免学生厌学英语学习,提高高职英语教学质量,保证教学的顺利进行,促进学生的全面发展。

  1. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  2. The zero lower bound on nominal interest rates and monetary policy effectiveness: A survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.A. Uilersma

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis paper surveys the literature on monetary policy at the zero lower bound on nominal interest rates. Certain crucial insights regarding expectations have been neglected in recent research in this field. Taking this into account, the interactions between demand, confidence and supply s

  3. 浅谈如何培养高职学生的应用文写作兴趣%How to develop higher vocational students' interest in practical writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹曼莉

    2012-01-01

    Practical writing ability is one of the essential vocational skills, which higher vocational students neither pay attention on nor are interested in. Developing higher vocational students' interest in practical writing is the effective method of improving practical writing ability. Teachers should constantly explore the methods and ways to develop higher vocational students' interest in practical writing on the basis of higher vocational students' characteristics.%应用文写作力能是未来从业必备的职业技能之一,而高职学生对于应用文写作普遍不够重视,更提不起兴趣。培养高职学生对应用文写作的兴趣是提高学生应用文写作能力的有效方法。教师要根据高职院校学生特点,不断探索培养高职学生应用文写作兴趣的方法和途径。

  4. To Stimulate and Develop Secondary Vocational School Students' English Learning Interest.%中职生英语学习兴趣的激发和培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆玲

    2012-01-01

    中职生英语基础差,对英语学习不感兴趣,因此,如何激发和培养中职生的英语学习兴趣日益重要,根据教育学和心理学有关培养学生学习兴趣的有关理论,针对中职学生特点,结合教学实践,就如何培养中职生的英语学习兴趣进行有益的探索。%Recent years,the quality of secondary vocational school students is growing poorer and poorer because of the ever-increasing enrollment of high school.Especially,their English is very poor,and they lack interest in learning English.According to the theories of education and psychology on learning interest,the author has some trials on how to stimulate and develop students' English learning interest.

  5. Trends in Vocational Education in the Arts 1980. Fast Response Survey System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Douglas A.; Farris, Elizabeth

    A study examined the nature and extent of vocational arts education programs throughout the 50 states. During the study, data were sought concerning those programs designed to prepare students for occupations in 14 arts areas: dance; vocal music; instrumental music; theater; radio, television, and video; cinematography; photography; graphic arts;…

  6. Homonegativity in the Technical and Vocational Track: A Survey of Secondary School Students in Flanders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aerts, Saskia; Dewaele, Alexis; Cox, Nele; Van Houtte, Mieke

    2014-01-01

    Students from the technical and vocational track in Flanders have more homonegative attitudes than other students. We investigate what explains this track difference and if the homonegativity is reflected in more bullying experiences by lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) students in these tracks. The results show that sex-role ideology and religion…

  7. The Impact of Gender on Interest in Science Topics and the Choice of Scientific and Technical Vocations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buccheri, Grazia; Gurber, Nadja Abt; Bruhwiler, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Many countries belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) note a shortage of highly qualified scientific-technical personnel, whereas demand for such employees is growing. Therefore, how to motivate (female) high performers in science or mathematics to pursue scientific careers is of special interest. The sample…

  8. Career interest and perceptions of nephrology: A repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Michael N; Maynard, Sharon; Porter, Ivan; Kincaid, Hope; Jain, Deepika; Aslam, Nabeel

    2017-01-01

    Interest in nephrology careers among internal medicine residents in the United States is declining. Our objective was to assess the impact of the presence of a nephrology fellowship training program on perceptions and career interest in nephrology among internal medicine residents. A secondary objective was to identify commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology among internal medicine residents. This was a repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents before (Group 1) and 3 years after (Group 2) the establishment of nephrology fellowship programs at two institutions. The primary outcome was the percentage of residents indicating nephrology as a career interest in Group 1 vs. Group 2. Secondary outcomes included the frequency that residents agreed with negative statements about nephrology. 131 (80.9%) of 162 residents completed the survey. 19 (14.8%) residents indicated interest in a nephrology career, with 8 (6.3%) indicating nephrology as their first choice. There was no difference in career interest in nephrology between residents who were exposed to nephrology fellows during residency training (Group 2) and residents who were not (Group 1). The most commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology were: nephrology fellows have long hours/burdensome call (36 [28.1%] of residents agreed or strongly agreed), practicing nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (35 [27.6%] agreed or strongly agreed), and nephrology has few opportunities for procedures (35 [27.3%] agreed or strongly agreed). More residents in Group 2 agreed that nephrology is poorly paid (8.9% in Group 1 vs. 20.8% in Group 2, P = 0.04), whereas more residents in Group 1 agreed that nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (40.0% in Group 1 vs. 18.1% in Group 2, P = 0.02). The initiation of a nephrology fellowship program was not associated with an increase in internal medicine residents' interest in nephrology careers. Residents endorsed several negative

  9. A Survey on Current English Learning Condition of Senior Vocational School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AI Shan-shan

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed to investigate the relationship of students’English proficiency level and participation condition.70 students from National Senior Commercial & Industrial Vocational School participated in this study. The analysis method was one-way ANOVA, that is, one-way analysis of variance. The results showed that strategy and emotion participation influenced students’English proficiency level largely. In the end, the results were discussed and some pedagogical implications and sugges⁃tions for further study were also presented.

  10. Cognitive Vocational Physical Education and Train Vocational Students' Interest in Sports%认知高职体育教育观念 培养高职学生体育课兴趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雄

    2012-01-01

    Physical education is the school culture to meet the requirements of the development of the new situation is an important content of education, school sports today directly affects the development of the new century, the quality of con struction personnel, vocational Physical Education teaching position on the wells, which isworth the concern of our Voca tional physical education teacher, how to implement the physical education content, and to cultivate students' interest in learning, professorship sports teachers face a challenge today, let us explore this topic together.%体育教育是学校培养适应新形势发展要求的一项重要教育内容,今天学校的体育工作直接影响着新世纪建设人才素质的发展,高职体育教育在教学中的重要地位就凸显出来,这是值得我们高职体育老师关注的问题,如何落实体育教育内容,培养学生的学习兴趣,成为当下所有高职体育老师面对的又一个挑战,今天就让我们大家一起来探讨一下这一课题。

  11. INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS LEARNING MODELS FOR SURVEYING AND MAPPING OF VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunar Rochmadi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify a learning involving the world of work, to formulate the learning model, and to evaluate the learning model. This study used a qualitative approach for design and development research, consisting of the development and validation steps. The study concludes as follows. (1 the learning through partnerships having been conducted in all vocational high schools were industrial practice and vocational practice examination. (2 the constraints of learning through partnerships were mainly the far distance and the industry schedules that did not always match with the school’s. (3 the model development could be done by improving the learning quality by industrial practices in the private companies and with adding the learning model by industry visits, guest teaching, and up-to-date technology training. (4 the implementation of the developed model showed the feasibility and the effectiveness to prepare the students with the competencies required by the world of work. (5 the learning models through partnerships that could be practiced were guest teaching, orientation for industrial practice, industrial practices, students’ industry visits, up-to-date technology training, and vocational practice examination.

  12. Are people with chronic diseases interested in using telehealth? A cross-sectional postal survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Louisa; Thomas, Clare; Gregory, Alison; Yardley, Lucy; O'Cathain, Alicia; Montgomery, Alan A; Salisbury, Chris

    2014-05-08

    There is growing interest in telehealth-the use of technology to support the remote delivery of health care and promote self-management-as a potential alternative to face-to-face care for patients with chronic diseases. However, little is known about what precipitates interest in the use of telehealth among these patients. This survey forms part of a research program to develop and evaluate a telehealth intervention for patients with two exemplar chronic diseases: depression and raised cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The survey was designed to explore the key factors that influence interest in using telehealth in these patient groups. Thirty-four general practices were recruited from two different regions within England. Practice records were searched for patients with (1) depression (aged 18+ years) or (2) 10-year risk of CVD ≥20% and at least one modifiable risk factor (aged 40-74 years). Within each general practice, 54 patients in each chronic disease group were randomly selected to receive a postal questionnaire. Questions assessed five key constructs: sociodemographics, health needs, difficulties accessing health care, technology-related factors (availability, confidence using technology, perceived benefits and drawbacks of telehealth), and satisfaction with prior use of telehealth. Respondents also rated their interest in using different technologies for telehealth (phone, email and Internet, or social media). Relationships between the key constructs and interest in using the three mediums of telehealth were examined using multivariable regression models. Of the 3329 patients who were sent a study questionnaire, 44.40% completed it (872/1740, 50.11% CVD risk; 606/1589, 38.14% depression). Overall, there was moderate interest in using phone-based (854/1423, 60.01%) and email/Internet-based (816/1425, 57.26%) telehealth, but very little interest in social media (243/1430, 16.99%). After adjusting for health needs, access difficulties, technology

  13. Primitive running: a survey analysis of runners' interest, participation, and implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothschild, Carey E

    2012-08-01

    Running is a sport that has continued to see growth in numbers over the years. Recently, there has been a movement promoting running barefoot and in light, "minimalist" shoes. Advocates of barefoot running believe that a more primitive style of running may result in fewer running-related injuries and even possibly improve performance. To identify the current interest level and participation in barefoot or minimalist shod running, an electronic survey was developed and dispersed to 6,082 runners. The survey instrument examined demographics, motivating factors, used resources, perceived barriers, and expectations in runners who add barefoot or in minimalist shod running to their training. Seven hundred eighty-five (13%) runners completed the survey. Six hundred and thirty (75.7%) indicated they were at least somewhat interested in running barefoot or in minimalist shoes. One hundred seventy-two (21.9%) runners had previously tried barefoot running, whereas 239 (30.4%) had previously tried minimalist shoes. The primary motivating factor for those running barefoot or in minimalist shoes (n = 283) was to prevent future injury (n = 97, 34.3%). Advice from friends (n = 68, 24.5%) or books (n = 68, 24.5%) was the most commonly used resource in transitioning to barefoot or minimalist shod running. Fear of possible injury (n = 424, 54%) was the most prevalent perceived barrier in transitioning to barefoot or minimalist shod running. An overwhelming 671 (85.5%) indicated that they were at least somewhat likely to continue with or to add barefoot or minimalist shod running if provided sufficient instruction. Runners who are men, of younger age, and who consider themselves elite runners are somewhat more likely to be interested in barefoot or minimalist shod running.

  14. Instrumentos de inteligência e interesses em orientação profissional Intelligence and interests tests in vocational guidance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Godoy

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O uso de instrumentos psicometricamente ajustados ao contexto em que serão utilizados é fundamental para a confiabilidade de processos de avaliação psicológica. Em situações de orientação profissional, tal preceito tem igual importância, uma vez que a análise de diferentes construtos deve levar o sujeito a melhor se conhecer, proporcionando uma escolha adequada da profissão. O objetivo desse estudo foi correlacionar diferentes instrumentos de avaliação de interesses profissionais e inteligência, aplicados a 312 participantes de um programa de orientação profissional, com média de idade de 16,13 anos (DP = 2,07. Os resultados mostraram algumas correlações significativas entre BPR-5 e LIP, por um lado, e entre o INV e Angelini de outro. Novos estudos com amostras maiores e mais heterogêneas geograficamente são sugeridos, a fim de se obter mais evidências de validade, principalmente para os instrumentos ainda não aprovados pelo Conselho Federal de Psicologia.The use of psychometrically adjusted instruments to the context in which they will be used is important to trust the psychological assessments process. In professional counseling situations, such use has the same importance, since different constructs analyses must provide a better self-knowledge, facilitating an adequate professional choice. The goal of this study was to correlate different intelligence and vocational interests instruments, answered by 312 students from a vocational counseling process, with age average 16.13 years old (SD = 2.07. Results showed significant correlations between BPR-5 and LIP, in one hand, and between INV and Angelini, in the other. New studies with larger and more geographically heterogeneous samples are suggested, aiming to get more validity evidences, mainly to the not approved instruments by the Federal institution that regulates psychological test use.

  15. 提高高职注册生学习兴趣的思考%Thinking of Improving Learning Interest of Enrolled Students in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张涵

    2012-01-01

    Enrolled student is a new learning group with universal study-weariness. They have their own learning characteristics which are different from those of common students. In order to improve the learning interest of this group and realize the teaching goal of higher vocational education, we try to investigate the reason why study-weariness appears in enrolled students. Using AIDA formula in marketing theory, this paper puts forward suggestions to improve learning in- terest of enrolled students from improving students' attention to teachers, stimulating learning interest with emotion, stimulating classroom learning desire of students and stimulating self- learning action through cooperation between college and enterprise.%注册生是一个新的学习群体,有着不同于以往普招学生的学习特点,厌学现象较为普遍.为了更好地提升这一群体学习兴趣,实现高职教育教学目标,通过调研,了解注册生产生厌学情绪的原因,运用营销理论中的"爱达"公式,从提高学生对教师的关注度(attention)、运用情感激发学习兴趣(interest)、激发学生课堂学习欲望(desire)、校企联合激发学生自主学习行为(action)等,提出提高注册生学习兴趣的建议.

  16. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey: The First National Survey of State Health Agency Employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, Katie; Leider, Jonathon P; Harper, Elizabeth; Castrucci, Brian C; Bharthapudi, Kiran; Liss-Levinson, Rivka; Jarris, Paul E; Hunter, Edward L

    2015-01-01

    Public health practitioners, policy makers, and researchers alike have called for more data on individual worker's perceptions about workplace environment, job satisfaction, and training needs for a quarter of a century. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS) was created to answer that call. Characterize key components of the public health workforce, including demographics, workplace environment, perceptions about national trends, and perceived training needs. A nationally representative survey of central office employees at state health agencies (SHAs) was conducted in 2014. Approximately 25,000 e-mail invitations to a Web-based survey were sent out to public health staff in 37 states, based on a stratified sampling approach. Balanced repeated replication weights were used to account for the complex sampling design. A total of 10,246 permanently employed SHA central office employees participated in PH WINS (46% response rate). Perceptions about training needs; workplace environment and job satisfaction; national initiatives and trends; and demographics. Although the majority of staff said they were somewhat or very satisfied with their job (79%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 78-80), as well as their organization (65%; 95% CI, 64-66), more than 42% (95% CI, 41-43) were considering leaving their organization in the next year or retiring before 2020; 4% of those were considering leaving for another job elsewhere in governmental public health. The majority of public health staff at SHA central offices are female (72%; 95% CI, 71-73), non-Hispanic white (70%; 95% CI, 69-71), and older than 40 years (73%; 95% CI, 72-74). The greatest training needs include influencing policy development, preparing a budget, and training related to the social determinants of health. PH WINS represents the first nationally representative survey of SHA employees. It holds significant potential to help answer previously unaddressed questions in public health

  17. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey: The First National Survey of State Health Agency Employees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellers, Katie; Leider, Jonathon P.; Harper, Elizabeth; Castrucci, Brian C.; Bharthapudi, Kiran; Liss-Levinson, Rivka; Jarris, Paul E.; Hunter, Edward L.

    2015-01-01

    Context: Public health practitioners, policy makers, and researchers alike have called for more data on individual worker's perceptions about workplace environment, job satisfaction, and training needs for a quarter of a century. The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS) was created to answer that call. Objective: Characterize key components of the public health workforce, including demographics, workplace environment, perceptions about national trends, and perceived training needs. Design: A nationally representative survey of central office employees at state health agencies (SHAs) was conducted in 2014. Approximately 25 000 e-mail invitations to a Web-based survey were sent out to public health staff in 37 states, based on a stratified sampling approach. Balanced repeated replication weights were used to account for the complex sampling design. Setting and Participants: A total of 10 246 permanently employed SHA central office employees participated in PH WINS (46% response rate). Main Outcome Measures: Perceptions about training needs; workplace environment and job satisfaction; national initiatives and trends; and demographics. Results: Although the majority of staff said they were somewhat or very satisfied with their job (79%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 78-80), as well as their organization (65%; 95% CI, 64-66), more than 42% (95% CI, 41-43) were considering leaving their organization in the next year or retiring before 2020; 4% of those were considering leaving for another job elsewhere in governmental public health. The majority of public health staff at SHA central offices are female (72%; 95% CI, 71-73), non-Hispanic white (70%; 95% CI, 69-71), and older than 40 years (73%; 95% CI, 72-74). The greatest training needs include influencing policy development, preparing a budget, and training related to the social determinants of health. Conclusions: PH WINS represents the first nationally representative survey of SHA employees. It

  18. Career interest and perceptions of nephrology: A repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Michael N.; Porter, Ivan; Kincaid, Hope; Jain, Deepika; Aslam, Nabeel

    2017-01-01

    Background Interest in nephrology careers among internal medicine residents in the United States is declining. Our objective was to assess the impact of the presence of a nephrology fellowship training program on perceptions and career interest in nephrology among internal medicine residents. A secondary objective was to identify commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology among internal medicine residents. Methods This was a repeated cross-sectional survey of internal medicine residents before (Group 1) and 3 years after (Group 2) the establishment of nephrology fellowship programs at two institutions. The primary outcome was the percentage of residents indicating nephrology as a career interest in Group 1 vs. Group 2. Secondary outcomes included the frequency that residents agreed with negative statements about nephrology. Results 131 (80.9%) of 162 residents completed the survey. 19 (14.8%) residents indicated interest in a nephrology career, with 8 (6.3%) indicating nephrology as their first choice. There was no difference in career interest in nephrology between residents who were exposed to nephrology fellows during residency training (Group 2) and residents who were not (Group 1). The most commonly endorsed negative perceptions of nephrology were: nephrology fellows have long hours/burdensome call (36 [28.1%] of residents agreed or strongly agreed), practicing nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (35 [27.6%] agreed or strongly agreed), and nephrology has few opportunities for procedures (35 [27.3%] agreed or strongly agreed). More residents in Group 2 agreed that nephrology is poorly paid (8.9% in Group 1 vs. 20.8% in Group 2, P = 0.04), whereas more residents in Group 1 agreed that nephrologists must take frequent/difficult call (40.0% in Group 1 vs. 18.1% in Group 2, P = 0.02). Conclusions The initiation of a nephrology fellowship program was not associated with an increase in internal medicine residents’ interest in nephrology

  19. 广西沿海地区大学生自信与职业兴趣关系初探%A Study on the Interrelation Between Students' Self-confidence and Their Vocational Interest in Guangxi Coastal Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙一兰; 何光耀; 邬德利

    2012-01-01

    With 582 students being selected as subjects, the present paper implements a study on students' self-confidence and their vocational interest and the interrelation between them by means of students' self-confidence questionnaire and students' vocational interest questionnaire. The following points can be revealed: Students in Guangxi coastal areas are most confident about their bodies; the occupations they are most interested in are related with society; students' self-confidence is closely interrelated with their vocational interest; hence self-confidence, this relatively stable personality can be employed to expand students' vocational interest.%自信作为一种起中介作用的人格变量,对学生的认知、情感和各种社会行为均有重要影响。采用大学生自信问卷和大学生职业兴趣问卷对大学生的自信、职业兴趣及二者关系进行调查。结果表明:广西沿海地区大学生对自己的身体最为自信,他们最感兴趣的职业类型为社会型。大学生自信与其职业兴趣关系密切,可通过自信这种相对稳定的人格特质来拓展学生的职业兴趣。

  20. A national survey of policies on disclosure of conflicts of interest in biomedical research

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCrary, S. V.; Anderson, C. B.; Jakovljevic, J.; Khan, T.; McCullough, L. B.; Wray, N. P.; Brody, B. A.

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Conflicts of interest pose a threat to the integrity of scientific research. The current regulations of the U.S. Public Health Service and the National Science Foundation require that medical schools and other research institutions report the existence of conflicts of interest to the funding agency but allow the institutions to manage conflicts internally. The regulations do not specify how to do so. METHODS: We surveyed all medical schools (127) and other research institutions (170) that received more than $5 million in total grants annually from the National Institutes of Health or the National Science Foundation; 48 journals in basic science and clinical medicine; and 17 federal agencies in order to analyze their policies on conflicts of interest. RESULTS: Of the 297 institutions, 250 (84 percent) responded by March 2000, as did 47 of the 48 journals and 16 of the 17 federal agencies. Fifteen of the 250 institutions (6 percent)--5 medical schools and 10 other research institutions--reported that they had no policy on conflicts of interest. Among the institutions that had policies, there was marked variation in the definition and management of conflicts. Ninety-one percent had policies that adhered to the federal threshold for disclosure ($10,000 in annual income or equity in a relevant company or 5 percent ownership), and 9 percent had policies that exceeded the federal guidelines. Only 8 percent had policies requiring disclosure to funding agencies, only 7 percent had such policies regarding journals, and only 1 percent had policies requiring the disclosure of information to the relevant institutional review boards or to research subjects. Twenty journals (43 percent) reported that they had policies requiring disclosure of conflicts of interest. Only four federal agencies had policies that explicitly addressed conflicts of interest in extramural research, and all but one of the agencies relied primarily on institutional discretion. CONCLUSIONS

  1. Surgeon-industry conflict of interest: survey of North Americans' opinions regarding surgeons consulting with industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiPaola, Christian P; Dea, Nicolas; Noonan, Vanessa K; Bailey, Christopher S; Dvorak, Marcel F S; Fisher, Charles G

    2014-04-01

    Surgeon-industry conflict of interest (COI) has become a source of considerable interest. Professional medical societies, industry, and policy makers have attempted to regulate potential COI without consideration for public opinion. The objective of this study was to report on the opinions of individuals representing the general public regarding surgeon-industry consulting relationships. Web-based survey. Survey was administered using a "spine Web site," and opinions are collected on surgeon-industry consulting and regulation. Associations among responses to similar questions were assessed to ensure validity and subgroup analysis performed for respondent age, sex, education, insurance, employment, and patient status. Six hundred ten of 642 surveys had complete data. The sample population comprised more females and was older and more educated than the American population. About 80% of respondents felt it was ethical and either beneficial or of no influence to the quality of health care if surgeons were consultants for surgical device companies. Most felt disclosure of an industry relationship was important and paying surgeons royalties for devices, other than those they directly implant, would not affect quality of care. Respondents support multidisciplinary surgeon-industry COI regulation and trust doctors and their professional societies to head this effort. Despite the known potential negative impact of surgeon-industry COI on patient care, this study revealed that this does not seem to be reflected in the opinion of the general public. The respondents felt that disclosure is deemed one of the most important means of self-regulation and COI management, which is in agreement with current trends of most spine societies and journals that are increasing the stringency of disclosure policies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Pilot survey of NICU nurses' interest in the neonatal nurse practitioner role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Lynn B; Vargo, Lyn E; Reavey, Daphne A; Hunter, Kim S

    2005-02-01

    This descriptive, qualitative pilot study explored the interest and perceptions of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses regarding the neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) role. Motivating factors to become an NNP, challenges facing NNPs, and rewards of the NNP role from the perspectives of NICU nurses were explored. The convenience sample was obtained using 2 survey techniques. The first sample group included nurses who were employed in Level III NICUs located within 2 major Midwestern cities. In order to confirm the data and to expand the scope, the second sample group was recruited from NICU nurses who were attending a regional educational conference. All participants were currently employed NICU nurses and were therefore potential NNP students. Combining the participants of both enrollment techniques resulted in a potential of 696 subjects. A simple self-administered survey was used to collect data. Narrative data were qualitatively analyzed. Demographic data and categorical items were quantified. This study achieved a total 30% response rate (n = 209). Of the total participants, only 32% of Level III NICU nurses were interested in becoming an NNP. Analysis of the data revealed 6 major categories (themes) of reasons why nurses were not interested in the NNP role. The themes most often mentioned by the participants were (1) obligations to family and/or work (46%) and (2) too much responsibility in the NNP role (30%). The data also revealed several different rewards and challenges for those in the NNP role as well as factors that may motivate nurses to become an NNP. Given the current NNP shortage, an increase in the supply of NNPs for the workforce is imperative. Current enrollment in NNP academic programs does not appear to be meeting the demand. Exploring the factors that influence enrollment in NNP programs from the perspective of potential NNP students is the first step towards increasing the supply of NNPs. The majority of participants were not interested

  3. Interest in dental implantology and preferences for implant therapy: a survey of Victorian dentists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, M C; Kao, Plh; Lee, N; Sivathasan, D; Vong, C W; Zhu, J; Polster, A; Darby, I

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to gauge dentists' interest, knowledge and training in implantology, and to compare their treatment preferences with current literature. Subsequently, this information may be used to evaluate implantology education pathways. A cross-sectional postal survey of 600 randomly selected dentists registered with the Dental Practice Board of Victoria was conducted. Respondents were asked about background, interest and training in implantology, and implant treatment preferences. Results were analysed according to primary practice location, decade of graduation and attendance at continuing professional development (CPD) programmes. One hundred and seventy-six questionnaires were included for analysis. In general, dentists rate their implant knowledge, interest and enjoyment in restoring implants favourably. No differences were found between city and country practitioners, and different graduation decades. The level of CPD significantly influenced treatment preferences. Practitioners were generally unwilling to treat patients taking bisphosphonates, or to perform grafting procedures. Most dentists provide common services to treat peri-implant conditions. Direct-to-fixture is the most popular fixture-abutment connection. Overall, there is a high level of implant knowledge corresponding to current evidence in the literature. Level of CPD attendance is the most important factor in dentists' willingness to provide more implant therapy options. © 2016 Australian Dental Association.

  4. Validation of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation From the Perspective of Physical Therapists: International Delphi Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaech Moll, Veronika M; Escorpizo, Reuben; Portmann Bergamaschi, Ruth; Finger, Monika E

    2016-08-01

    The Comprehensive ICF Core Set for vocational rehabilitation (VR) is a list of essential categories on functioning based on the World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), which describes a standard for interdisciplinary assessment, documentation, and communication in VR. The aim of this study was to examine the content validity of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for VR from the perspective of physical therapists. A 3-round email survey was performed using the Delphi method. A convenience sample of international physical therapists working in VR with work experience of ≥2 years were asked to identify aspects they consider as relevant when evaluating or treating clients in VR. Responses were linked to the ICF categories and compared with the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for VR. Sixty-two physical therapists from all 6 WHO world regions responded with 3,917 statements that were subsequently linked to 338 ICF categories. Fifteen (17%) of the 90 categories in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for VR were confirmed by the physical therapists in the sample. Twenty-two additional ICF categories were identified that were not included in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for VR. Vocational rehabilitation in physical therapy is not well defined in every country and might have resulted in the small sample size. Therefore, the results cannot be generalized to all physical therapists practicing in VR. The content validity of the ICF Core Set for VR is insufficient from solely a physical therapist perspective. The results of this study could be used to define a physical therapy-specific set of ICF categories to develop and guide physical therapist clinical practice in VR. © 2016 American Physical Therapy Association.

  5. Loss of interest, depressed mood and impact on the quality of life: Cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gattaz Wagner F

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Depressive symptoms and chronic disease have adverse effects on patients' health-related quality of life (H-RQOL. However, little is known about this effect on H-RQOL when only the two core depressive symptoms - loss of interest and depressed mood - are considered. The objective of this study is to investigate H-RQOL in the presence of loss of interest and depressed mood at a general medical outpatient unit. Methods We evaluated 553 patients at their first attendance at a general medical outpatient unit of a teaching hospital. H-RQOL was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36. Depressed mood and loss of interest were assessed by the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD-Patient Questionnaire. A physician performed the diagnosis of chronic diseases by clinical judgment and classified them in 13 possible pre-defined categories. We used multiple linear regression to investigate associations between each domain of H-RQOL and our two core depression symptoms. The presence of chronic diseases and demographic variables were included in the models as covariates. Results Among the 553 patients, 70.5% were women with a mean age of 41.0 years (range 18-85, SD ± 15.4. Loss of interest was reported by 54.6%, and depressed mood by 59.7% of the patients. At least one chronic disease was diagnosed in 59.5% of patients; cardiovascular disease was the most prevalent, affecting 20.6% of our patients. Loss of interest and depressed mood was significantly associated with decreased scores in all domains of H-RQOL after adjustment for possible confounders. The presence of any chronic disease was associated with a decrease in the domain of vitality. The analysis of each individual chronic disease category revealed that no category was associated with a decrease in more than one domain of H-RQOL. Conclusion Loss of interest and depressed mood were associated with significant decreases in H

  6. 高职金融专业复利型人才培养模式的构建%On the Construction of Compounding Interest Personnel Training Mode for Higher Vocational Education of Financial Professionals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖旗平

    2012-01-01

    Human capital theory provides a theoretical basis for higher vocational financial personnel training. Ac- cording to the characteristics of financial talent and the formation process, and financial personnel career growth path, combined with positioning of higher vocational training financial professionals, a common feature has been analysis of the model of compound interest and financial personnel training mode, Compounding interest person- nel training mode for higher vocational education of financial professionals is proposed.%人力资本理论为高职金融人才培养提供了理论依据。根据金融人才的特点和形成过程以及金融人才职业成长路径,结合高职金融专业人才培养的定位,分析复利模型与金融人才培养模式共同特征,提出高职金融专业复利型人才培养模式。

  7. Vocation and avocation: leisure activities correlate with professional engagement, but not burnout, in a cross-sectional survey of UK doctors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonvik Hallgeir

    2011-08-01

    correlation with Avocation/Leisure activities. Popular Culture and High Culture did not differ in their influence on Vocation/engagement, although there was a suggestion that Depersonalization was correlated with more interest in Popular Culture and less interest in High Culture. Conclusion In this cross-sectional study there is evidence, even after taking into account a wide range of individual difference measures, that doctors with greater Avocation/Leisure activities also have a greater sense of Vocation/Engagement. In contrast, being BurnedOut did not relate to Avocation/Leisure activities (but did relate to many other measures. Osler was probably correct in recommending to doctors that, 'While medicine is to be your vocation, or calling, see to it that you also have an avocation'.

  8. Reporting of financial and non-financial conflicts of interest by authors of systematic reviews: a methodological survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anouti, Sirine; Al-Gibbawi, Mounir; Abou-Jaoude, Elias A; Hasbani, Divina Justina; Guyatt, Gordon; Akl, Elie A

    2016-01-01

    Background Conflicts of interest may bias the findings of systematic reviews. The objective of this methodological survey was to assess the frequency and different types of conflicts of interest that authors of Cochrane and non-Cochrane systematic reviews report. Methods We searched for systematic reviews using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Ovid MEDLINE (limited to the 119 Core Clinical Journals and the year 2015). We defined a conflict of interest disclosure as the reporting of whether a conflict of interest exists or not, and used a framework to classify conflicts of interest into individual (financial, professional and intellectual) and institutional (financial and advocatory) conflicts of interest. We conducted descriptive and regression analyses. Results Of the 200 systematic reviews, 194 (97%) reported authors' conflicts of interest disclosures, typically in the main document, and in a few cases either online (2%) or on request (5%). Of the 194 Cochrane and non-Cochrane reviews, 49% and 33%, respectively, had at least one author reporting any type of conflict of interest (p=0.023). Institutional conflicts of interest were less frequently reported than individual conflicts of interest, and Cochrane reviews were more likely to report individual intellectual conflicts of interest compared with non-Cochrane reviews (19% and 5%, respectively, p=0.004). Regression analyses showed a positive association between reporting of conflicts of interest (at least one type of conflict of interest, individual financial conflict of interest, institutional financial conflict of interest) and journal impact factor and between reporting individual financial conflicts of interest and pharmacological versus non-pharmacological intervention. Conclusions Although close to half of the published systematic reviews report that authors (typically many) have conflicts of interest, more than half report that they do not. Authors reported individual conflicts of interest

  9. Investigation on the Status Quo of Migrant Workers’ Motivation for Vocational Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhua; HE; Lu; ZUO

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of migrant workers’motivation for training is of significant importance to promote the vocational training effectiveness.The survey study of 626 migrant workers in Guangdong province identified that occupational development motivation is the most intensive,followed by the social environment and job responsibility while cognitive interest and interrelationship are among the least.Therefore,the authors suggest that appropriate guidance should be conducted to facilitate migrant workers’motivation in vocational training participation,and vocational training design and management should be delivered on the basis of motivation features.

  10. Measures to Develop Vocational and Technical School Students' Interest in Learning Mathematics%培养职业技术学校学生对数学学习兴趣的措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐平华

    2014-01-01

    At present, with the deepening of education reform, the number of vocational and technical schools of growing, expanding, but now they like learning is not optimistic, especially students interested in mathematics learning deficiencies, which not only hinders the mathematics classroom teachers teaching, it will affect access to and improve the professionalism of their professional abilities. In this article, the author on the status of vocational and technical school students to learn mathematics to analyze current and proposed proposals and measures for students' interest in learning mathematics, designed to provide a reference for vocational and technical school mathematics education.%当前,随着教育体制改革的深化,我国职业技术学校数量不断增多,规模不断扩大,但是学生学习现状却不容乐观,尤其是学生对数学的学习兴趣不足,这不仅有碍于教师的数学课堂教学,更会影响其职业能力的获得以及职业素养的提高。在本文中,笔者就当前职业技术学校学生数学学习现状进行分析,并提出了培养学生数学学习兴趣的建议及措施,旨在为职业技术学校数学教育教学提供参考。

  11. Increasing Interest in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in the Third-Year Clerkship: Results from a Post-Clerkship Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Erin; Hollar, David; Lindsey, Anthony

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors aimed to determine whether a structured clinical experience in child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) during the third-year psychiatry clerkship would impact interest in pursuing careers in psychiatry and CAP. Methods: The authors constructed and administered a post-rotation survey, the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry…

  12. Eliciting Survey Cooperation: Incentives, Self-Interest, and Norms of Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kropf, Martha E.; Blair, Johnny

    2005-01-01

    Given the weaker ties to community as noted by scholars such as Robert Putnam, survey researchers should not be surprised by a decline in survey participation over the past 10 years. This research analyzes the use of incentives coupled with introductory themes emphasizing cooperation and helpfulness--cooperative norms in American society--to…

  13. Survey of CAM interest, self-care, and satisfaction with health care for type 2 diabetes at group health cooperative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Ryan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Very little research has explored the factors that influence interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM treatments. We surveyed persons with sub-optimally controlled type 2 diabetes to evaluate potential relationships between interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM treatments, current self-care practices, motivation to improve self-care practices and satisfaction with current health care for diabetes. Methods 321 patients from a large integrated healthcare system with type 2 diabetes, who were not using insulin and had hemoglobin A1c values between 7.5-9.5%, were telephoned between 2009-2010 and asked about their self-care behaviors, motivation to change, satisfaction with current health care and interest in trying naturopathic (ND care for their diabetes. Responses from patients most interested in trying ND care were compared with those from patients with less interest. Results 219 (68.5% patients completed the survey. Nearly half (48% stated they would be very likely to try ND care for their diabetes if covered by their insurance. Interest in trying ND care was not related to patient demographics, health history, clinical status, or self-care behaviors. Patients with greater interest in trying ND care rated their current healthcare as less effective for controlling their blood sugar (mean response 5.9 +/- 1.9 vs. 6.6 +/- 1.5, p = 0.003, and were more determined to succeed in self-care (p = 0.007. Current CAM use for diabetes was also greater in ND interested patients. Conclusions Patients with sub-optimally controlled type 2 diabetes expressed a high level of interest in trying ND care. Those patients with the greatest interest were less satisfied with their diabetes care, more motivated to engage in self-care, and more likely to use other CAM therapies for their diabetes.

  14. Survey on Psychological Adaptation of Higher Vocational New Students%高职新生心理健康影响因素的统计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2015-01-01

    In order to investigate psychological adaptation situation of higher vocational new students and the influential factors, and to provide suitable psychological adjustment to the freshmen, 617 higher vocational freshmen of Anhui Vocational Institute of Industry and Economy were surveyed by using the questionnaire designed the researcher and Symptom check list-90 (SCL-90). The result showed that the factor scores of SCL-90 obtained by the higher vocational freshmen were higher than those of domestic ordinary people. There was a significant difference between them. Moreover, there were also significant differences in terms of the factor score by gender, major, one child, class leaders, poverty, and left-behind children.%为了解高职新生心理健康状况及其影响因素,更好地对新生的入学适应心理进行护理,采用自行设计的一般资料调查表和心理健康自评量表(SCL-90)对安徽工业经济职业技术学院 617 例新生进行调查,研究其心理健康水平及影响因素.结果显示:高职新生 SCL-90因子得分均高于国内正常人的水平,并且均具有显著性差异,在性别、专业、是否独生子女、是否班干部、是否贫困、是否有留守经历等方面差异显著.

  15. 论“90后”高职院校学生体育兴趣的培养%On the Cultivation of"Post-90s"Higher Vocational College Students' Interest in Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒新建

    2013-01-01

    This paper elaborates on the definition and the role of interest in sports, analyzes the physiological and psychological characteristics of "post-90s" students, and explores the effective ways of cultivating "post-90s" higher vocational college students' interest in sports, with a view to arousing the enthusiasm of "post-90s" students taking P.E. classes in higher vocational colleges adequately, enhancing the teaching quality of P.E. classes, developing the students' comprehensive quality, and cultivating their lifelong consciousness of physical exercises.%本文阐述了体育兴趣的概念及体育兴趣在体育教学中的作用,分析了“90后”学生的生理和心理方面的特点,探讨了培养“90后”高职院校学生体育兴趣的有效方法,以期充分调动“90后”高职院校学生上体育课的积极性,提高体育课教学质量,改善学生的综合素质,培养他们终身体育锻炼的意识。

  16. Studies of the Use of the Kuder Occupational Interest Survey with Mature Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denker, Elenor R.; Tittle, Carol K.

    Due to the increase of re-entry women in college, investigation of interest inventories for this particular population has become essential. Four studies involving 239 mature women are reported which examine the effect of changing instructions on expressed interests; the expressed satisfaction of mature women with KOIS results; the extent of…

  17. Educating vocationally trained family physicians: a survey of graduates from a postgraduate medical education programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Wayne K; Dovey, Susan M

    2016-06-01

    INTRODUCTION Since 1991 the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand has offered postgraduate qualifications specifically designed to educate general practitioners (GPs) about their unique work environment. AIM To determine motivations and impacts of postgraduate education for practising GPs. METHODS Survey of the 100 graduates of the University of Otago, Dunedin postgraduate general practice programme. Ninety five living graduates were approached and 70 (73.7%) responded. Quantitative data about disposition of respondents before enrolling and after completion of the programme were analysed using chi-square and paired t-tests. Free text responses about motivations, impacts and outcomes of the program were thematically analysed. RESULTS 64 GPs graduated with a postgraduate diploma and 36 with a masters degree in general practice. Although the mean number of graduates was 3.5 and 2.0 (respectively), annual enrolments averaged 25.1. Most graduates (60.9%) were aged in their 40s when they started studying and most (94.3%) had a spouse and/or children at home. DISCUSSION This voluntary postgraduate medical education complements traditional medical training but has low external value despite personal, practising and professional benefits. Graduates valued engagement above completion of a qualification. KEYWORDS Medical education; general practitioners; scholarship; professionalism.

  18. Relevance of clerkship characteristics in changing students' interest in family medicine: a questionnaire survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herwig, Anna; Viehmann, Anja; Thielmann, Anika; Gesenhues, Stefan; Weltermann, Birgitta

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Exposure to family medicine (FM) can serve to promote students' interest in this field. This study aimed at identifying clerkship characteristics which decrease or increase students' interest in FM. Design This cross-sectional questionnaire study analysed students' clerkship evaluations between the years 2004 and 2014. Descriptive statistics were used to compare four predefined groups: (1) high interest in FM before and after the clerkship (Remained high), (2) poor interest before and after the clerkship (Remained low), (3) poor interest before the clerkship which improved (Increased) and (4) high interest before the clerkship which decreased (Decreased). Setting Students' evaluations of FM clerkships in the fourth of 6 years of medical school. Participants All questionnaires with complete answers on students' interest in FM and its change as a result of the clerkship (2382 of 3963; 60.1%). The students' mean age was 26 years (± 3.9), 62.7% (n=1505) were female. Outcome measure The outcome was a change in students' interest in FM after completing the clerkship. Results Interest in FM after the clerkship was as follows: 40.1% (n=954) Remained high, 5.5% (n=134) Remained low, 42.1% (n=1002) Increased and 12.3% (n=292) Decreased. Students with decreased interest had performed a below-average number of learning activities (4 vs 6 activities). A total of 45.9% (n=134 of 292) of the students with decreased interest reported that the difficulty of the challenge was inadequate for their educational level: 81.3% (n=109) felt underchallenged and 18.7% (n=25) overchallenged. Conclusions In more than 50% of cases, the clerkship changed the students' interest in FM. Those with decreased interest were more frequently underchallenged. We observed an increase in FM if at least six learning activities were trained. Our findings stress the importance of well-designed FM clerkships. There is a need for standardised educational strategies which enable teaching

  19. A Historical Survey of an Everlasting Debate: The Nature of Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Ozsoy

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The concept of interest has been discussed from various perspectives so far and it will be probably continued to be discussed. Contrary to the economists like Alfred Marshall, who argued for the necessity of interest for savings and capital accumulation; some other economists like J.M.Keynes, who characterized it as a barrier to capital accumulation, have been seen as well. Besides the views asserting that interest is a just and beneficial tool for the economic system to stand, some other opinions contending that it is unjust and leads to some costs more than benefits have been put into words as well. Although interest has been criticized throughout the history, it maintained its existence. At the present time, it is applied almost in every country. In this study, most of the philosophic, economic and religious interest-related thoughts from antiguity to the present will be analyzed within the framework of their arguments on the nature of interest, namely, its justness, costs and benefits. Our target is to find an answer to the question of what the nature of interest is by making use of the arguments of the thoughts in question.

  20. A Historical Survey of an Everlasting Debate: The Nature of Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Özsoy

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The concept of interest has been discussed from various perspectives so far and it will be probably continued to be discussed. Contrary to the economists like Alfred Marshall, who argued for the necessity of interest for savings and capital accumulation; some other economists like J.M.Keynes, who characterized it as a barrier to capital accumulation, have been seen as well. Besides the views asserting that interest is a just and beneficial tool for the economic system to stand, some other opinions contending that it is unjust and leads to some costs more than benefits have been put into words as well. Although interest has been criticized throughout the history, it maintained its existence. At the present time, it is applied almost in every country. In this study, most of the philosophic, economic and religious interest-related thoughts from antiguity to the present will be analyzed within the framework of their arguments on the nature of interest, namely, its justness, costs and benefits. Our target is to find an answer to the question of what the nature of interest is by making use of the arguments of the thoughts in question.

  1. Interest and satisfaction of dentists in practicing periodontics: A survey based on treatment of gingival recession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishakha Grover

    2012-01-01

    Conclusion: The results elucidated that periodontists had better interest and satisfaction in practicing periodontics, and were more inclined towards surgical correction of gingival recession as compared to non-periodontists.

  2. A Social Neuroscientific Model of Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Sullivan, Brandon A.; Luciana, Monica

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the separate literatures of a neurobiologically based approach system and vocational interests are reviewed and integrated into a social neuroscientific model of the processes underlying interests, based upon the idea of selective approach motivation. The authors propose that vocational interests describe the types of stimuli that…

  3. Interest and preferences for using advanced physical activity tracking devices: results of a national cross-sectional survey

    OpenAIRE

    Alley, Stephanie; Schoeppe, Stephanie; Guertler, Diana; Jennings, Cally; Duncan, Mitch J; Vandelanotte, Corneel

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Pedometers are an effective self-monitoring tool to increase users' physical activity. However, a range of advanced trackers that measure physical activity 24 hours per day have emerged (eg, Fitbit). The current study aims to determine people's current use, interest and preferences for advanced trackers. Design and participants A cross-sectional national telephone survey was conducted in Australia with 1349 respondents. Outcome measures Regression analyses were used to determine wh...

  4. 中兽医专业高职高专学生信心培养和兴趣激发%Raising confidence and stimulating interest of TCVM major students in higher vocational education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫新城; 王晓丹; 周平平; 马爱团; 霍海伟

    2009-01-01

    In order to improve study confidence and interests of the traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM) students and to advance the quality of education, the author investigated the reason and countermeasure of this actuality. We think the reasons are the students are short of study confidence and interests because of bad performance record on admission, deficiency of apprehension of higher vocational education and the stronger philosophy nature of traditional Chinese veterinary medicine foundation knowledge; the method of clearing new starting point, revealing major superiority, strengthening practice teaching, applying encourage appreciation and setting up expectation and etc could help students to get confidence, stimulate study interests, elevate study enthusiasm and it is important to raise students of traditional Chinese veterinary medicine major in higher vocational education.%为了提高中兽医专业高职高专学生的学习信心和兴趣,提高教学质量,对影响学生信心培养的原因和对策进行了研究.分析认为,学生入学成绩差、对职业教育的认识欠缺和中兽医知识的哲学性强是导致当前中兽医专业高职高专学生学习信心不足、缺乏学习兴趣的主要原因;在教学过程,通过明确教学新起点、展现中兽医专业优势、加强实践教学、采用鼓励性评价和设置期望等方式帮助学生培养学习信心和学习兴趣,提高学习积极性,取得了良好的效果.

  5. Adaptation of the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Career Interest Survey (STEM-CIS) into Turkish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koyunlu Unlu, Zeynep; Dokme, Ilbilge; Unlu, Veli

    2016-01-01

    Problem Statement: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education has recently become a remarkable research topic, especially in developed countries as a result of the skilled workforce required in the fields of the STEM. Considering that professional tendencies are revealed at early ages, determining students' interest in STEM…

  6. Interest groups: a survey of empirical models that try to assess their influence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Potters, J.J.M.; Sloof, R.

    1996-01-01

    Substantial political power is often attributed to interest groups. The origin of this power is not quite clear, though, and the mechanisms by which influence is effectuated are not yet fully understood. The last two decades have yielded a vast number of studies which use empirical models to assess

  7. A cross-sectional survey on the attitudes and interests of rural population towards expanded pharmacist prescribing in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Umair; Arief, Mohammad; Ahmad, Akram; Malik, Sadiqa; Gogoi, Lakhya Jyoti; Kalita, Manabendra; Saleem, Fahad; Hassali, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad

    2017-04-01

    Background Shortage of qualified medical doctors and little or no access to basic medicines and medical facilities are the major rural health concerns in India. Expanding the role of pharmacists to provide prescribing services could improve rural health outcomes. Objective To assess the attitudes of rural population towards pharmacist prescribing and their interest in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services. Setting Rural population of Assam, India. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted for a period of 2 months from March to April 2016 in the State of Assam, India. A multi-stage sampling was used to recruit (n = 410) eligible participants. Main outcome measure Rural population attitudes towards, and interests in using, pharmacist prescribing services. Results The attitudes of participants were generally positive towards pharmacist prescribing. A large proportion of participants (81.5%) agreed that pharmacists should have a prescribing role in rural India. Participants indicated their interest in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services, with greater interests in receiving medications in emergency situations (79.7%) and getting a treatment plan for their medical problem (75.6%). Participants with low income and tertiary education had better attitudes and showed more interest towards expanded pharmacist prescribing services (p < 0.05). Conclusions Most participants had positive attitudes towards pharmacist prescribing and were interested in using expanded pharmacist prescribing services.

  8. Barriers to Office-Based Mental Health Care and Interest in E-Communication With Providers: A Survey Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Minnie; Vigod, Simone N; Hensel, Jennifer M

    2016-08-01

    With rising availability and use of Internet and mobile technology in society, the demand and need for its integration into health care is growing. Despite great potential within mental health care and growing uptake, there is still little evidence to guide how these tools should be integrated into traditional care, and for whom. To examine factors that might inform how e-communication should be implemented in our local outpatient mental health program, including barriers to traditional office-based care, patient preferences, and patient concerns. We conducted a survey in the waiting room of our outpatient mental health program located in an urban, academic ambulatory hospital. The survey assessed (1) age, mobile phone ownership, and general e-communication usage, (2) barriers to attending office-based appointments, (3) preferences for, and interest in, e-communication for mental health care, and (4) concerns about e-communication use for mental health care. We analyzed the data descriptively and examined associations between the presence of barriers, identifying as a social media user, and interest level in e-communication. Respondents (N=68) were predominantly in the age range of 25-54 years. The rate of mobile phone ownership was 91% (62/68), and 59% (40/68) of respondents identified as social media users. There was very low existing use of e-communication between providers and patients, with high levels of interest endorsed by survey respondents. Respondents expressed an interest in using e-communication with their provider to share updates and get feedback, coordinate care, and get general information. In regression analysis, both a barrier to care and identifying as a social media user were significantly associated with e-communication interest (P=.03 and P=.003, respectively). E-communication interest was highest among people who both had a barrier to office-based care and were a social media user. Despite high interest, there were also many concerns

  9. Psychiatrists' attitudes towards autonomy, best interests and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: a questionnaire survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Jacinta O A; Doll, Helen A; Fitzpatrick, Raymond; Stewart, Anne; Hope, Tony

    2008-12-17

    The compulsory treatment of anorexia nervosa is a contentious issue. Research suggests that psychiatrists have a range of attitudes towards patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, and towards the use of compulsory treatment for the disorder. A postal self-completed attitudinal questionnaire was sent to senior psychiatrists in the United Kingdom who were mostly general adult psychiatrists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, or psychiatrists with an interest in eating disorders. Respondents generally supported a role for compulsory measures under mental health legislation in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa. Compared to 'mild' anorexia nervosa, respondents generally were less likely to feel that patients with 'severe' anorexia nervosa were intentionally engaging in weight loss behaviours, were able to control their behaviours, wanted to get better, or were able to reason properly. However, eating disorder specialists were less likely than other psychiatrists to think that patients with 'mild' anorexia nervosa were choosing to engage in their behaviours or able to control their behaviours. Child and adolescent psychiatrists were more likely to have a positive view of the use of parental consent and compulsory treatment for an adolescent with anorexia nervosa. Three factors emerged from factor analysis of the responses named: 'Support for the powers of the Mental Health Act to protect from harm'; 'Primacy of best interests'; and 'Autonomy viewed as being preserved in anorexia nervosa'. Different scores on these factor scales were given in terms of type of specialist and gender. In general, senior psychiatrists tend to support the use of compulsory treatment to protect the health of patients at risk and also to protect the welfare of patients in their best interests. In particular, eating disorder specialists tend to support the compulsory treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa independently of views about their decision-making capacity, while

  10. Psychiatrists' attitudes towards autonomy, best interests and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: a questionnaire survey

    OpenAIRE

    Stewart Anne; Fitzpatrick Raymond; Doll Helen A; Tan Jacinta OA; Hope Tony

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The compulsory treatment of anorexia nervosa is a contentious issue. Research suggests that psychiatrists have a range of attitudes towards patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, and towards the use of compulsory treatment for the disorder. Methods A postal self-completed attitudinal questionnaire was sent to senior psychiatrists in the United Kingdom who were mostly general adult psychiatrists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, or psychiatrists with an interest in ea...

  11. Psychiatrists' attitudes towards autonomy, best interests and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: a questionnaire survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stewart Anne

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The compulsory treatment of anorexia nervosa is a contentious issue. Research suggests that psychiatrists have a range of attitudes towards patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, and towards the use of compulsory treatment for the disorder. Methods A postal self-completed attitudinal questionnaire was sent to senior psychiatrists in the United Kingdom who were mostly general adult psychiatrists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, or psychiatrists with an interest in eating disorders. Results Respondents generally supported a role for compulsory measures under mental health legislation in the treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa. Compared to 'mild' anorexia nervosa, respondents generally were less likely to feel that patients with 'severe' anorexia nervosa were intentionally engaging in weight loss behaviours, were able to control their behaviours, wanted to get better, or were able to reason properly. However, eating disorder specialists were less likely than other psychiatrists to think that patients with 'mild' anorexia nervosa were choosing to engage in their behaviours or able to control their behaviours. Child and adolescent psychiatrists were more likely to have a positive view of the use of parental consent and compulsory treatment for an adolescent with anorexia nervosa. Three factors emerged from factor analysis of the responses named: 'Support for the powers of the Mental Health Act to protect from harm'; 'Primacy of best interests'; and 'Autonomy viewed as being preserved in anorexia nervosa'. Different scores on these factor scales were given in terms of type of specialist and gender. Conclusion In general, senior psychiatrists tend to support the use of compulsory treatment to protect the health of patients at risk and also to protect the welfare of patients in their best interests. In particular, eating disorder specialists tend to support the compulsory treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa

  12. 大学生科系类别与职业兴趣的匹配性研究--以上饶师范学院为例%A Study on the Matching between Academic Disciplines and Vocational Interests of College Students---a case study of Shangrao Normal University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童腮军; 王勤

    2015-01-01

    The matching between academic disciplines and vocational interests has a direct effect on the learning motivation and the future vocational trend of college students .The study interviews 859 college students by applying Holland Vocational Interest theory . The result shows that the grade of realistic type in vocational interest is the highest ,while that of social type is the lowest .The matching degrees between academic disciplines and vocational interests vary among different subjects .For example ,the matching degree between engineering disciplines and vocational interests is the highest ,and that between art disciplines and vocational inter-ests is the lowest .Only by dealing with multiple relations between professional interests and future career ,can people improve ,to a certain extent ,the matching degree between academic disciplines and vocational interests of college students .%科系类别与职业兴趣的匹配程度的高低直接影响大学生的学习动机和未来的职业倾向。文章运用霍兰德职业兴趣量表对859名在校大学生进行问卷调查,结果表明大学生职业兴趣类型现实型得分最高,而社会型得分最低;不同科系类别与职业兴趣的匹配程度高低不一,如工学学科的科系类别与职业兴趣类型匹配程度最高,而艺术学学科匹配程度最低。唯有处理好专业兴趣与未来职业等多重关系,才能从一定程度上提高大学生科系类别与职业兴趣的匹配程度。

  13. Robust resilience and substantial interest: a survey of pharmacological cognitive enhancement among university students in the UK and Ireland.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilina Singh

    Full Text Available Use of 'smart drugs' among UK students is described in frequent media reports as a rapidly increasing phenomenon. This article reports findings from the first large-scale survey of pharmacological cognitive enhancement (PCE among students in the UK and Ireland. Conducted from February to September 2012, a survey of a convenience sample of 877 students measured PCE prevalence, attitudes, sources, purposes and ethics. Descriptive and logistic regression statistical methods were used to analyse the data. Lifetime prevalence of PCE using modafinil, methylphenidate or Adderall was under 10%, while past regular and current PCE users of these substances made up between 0.3%-4% of the survey population. A substantial majority of students was unaware of and/or uninterested in PCE; however about one third of students were interested in PCE. PCE users were more likely to be male, British and older students; predictors of PCE use included awareness of other students using PCEs, ADHD symptomatology, ethical concerns, and alcohol and cannabis use. The survey addresses the need for better evidence about PCE prevalence and practices among university students in the UK. We recommend PCE-related strategies for universities based on the survey findings.

  14. Vocational technical secondary school football teaching middle school students' interest in training strategy analysis%职业中专足球教学中学生兴趣培养策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔治彪

    2016-01-01

    现阶段,校园足球已成为足球运动的重要组成部分,在体育教育中占据重要地位。该文围绕职业中专足球教学,有针对性地提出了几点学生足球兴趣培养的策略,以供参考。%At present, the campus football has become an important part of football sports, has an important role in physical education. Based on vocational technical secondary school football teaching, and puts forward some of the students' interest in football training strategy, for your reference.

  15. The Application of Socratic Teaching Method in the Interesting English Teaching of Higher Vocational Colleges%苏格拉底法在高职英语趣味教学中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周石匀; 戴颖; 李云杰

    2015-01-01

    Socratic teaching method has attracted great attention in English Teaching in China.This passage analyzes the es-sence,steps and characteristics of"Socratic Method"and describes the practical application in higher vocational interesting English teaching as well as finally puts forward the problems which should pay attention to and improve by using this method.%苏格拉底法在国内英语教学中引起了重视。本文分析了“苏格拉底问答法”的实质、步骤和特点,叙述在高职英语趣味教学中的实践运用,最后提出运用该方法所要注意和改进的问题。

  16. A Glimpse of Cultivation of Interest of Physical Education for Students in Middle Vocational School%管窥中职学校学生体育兴趣的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉文

    2012-01-01

    在中职学校体育课教学中培养学生对体育活动的兴趣不仅是完成教学任务的前提,也是为学生今后的身体健康打下良好的基础。合理开发学生学习的内在潜质、有效培养学生的体育爱好、提高学生的体育能力、并与其他学科有效地结合,促进学生全面发展。针对中职学校学生的特点,找出潜在于学生心底的体育竞技因素,对其进行研究和利用,通过兴趣培养把学生吸引到体育锻炼中来。%In the teaching of physical education in secondary vocational schools, training students " interest in sports is not only the premise of completing the teaching task, but also lays a good foundation for the health of the students in the future. We should make rational development of inherent potentials of student learning and effectively train the physical hobbies for students and improve the physical ability of the students and effectively integrate with other disciplines to promote the overall development of the students. Aiming at the characteristics of the students in secondary vocational schools, we should find out the athletic factors latent in the heart of students and make a study and use of it and attract the students to physical exercise through the cultivation of interest.

  17. Are medical students interested in sexual health education? A nationwide survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, D; Nieder, T O; Dekker, A; Martyniuk, U; Herrmann, L; Briken, P

    2016-09-01

    The majority of medical students and medical healthcare providers do not feel comfortable when addressing sexual problems. It was suggested that more courses in sexual health are needed at medical schools to overcome this shortcoming. To assess medical students' interest in and attitude about sexual health education at medical schools in Germany, a 13-item online questionnaire was developed. The link to the questionnaire was distributed at all medical schools in Germany. In total, 3264 medical students (69.9% female) from all 37 medical schools in Germany participated. Students from all universities indicated that contents related to sexual health are taught at their university. The majority (n=1809; 62.1%) answered that courses in sexual health should be mandatory. The types of educational experiences that were viewed as most appropriate were lectures (n=2281, 78.3%) and seminars without patient contact (n=1414, 48.5%). Students were most interested in child sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infections. It should be ensured that all medical students have acquired basic knowledge in diagnosing and treating frequent sexual problems at the end of their medical studies. Suggestions are made about how to improve current efforts of sexual health education at medical schools.

  18. Neglected Aspects and Truncated Appraisals in Vocational Counseling: Interpreting the Interest-Efficacy Association from a Broader Perspective--Comment on Armstrong and Vogel (2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubinski, David

    2010-01-01

    Invited commentary on Armstrong and Vogel's (2009) article on interpreting the interest-efficacy association stimulated an appraisal from a broader perspective. Like empirical research, scale development, and theorizing emanating from social cognitive career theory (SCCT), their conclusion about the importance of assessing both interests and…

  19. Survey on Vocational College Students' Belief Education%论高职院校学生信仰教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑爱红

    2012-01-01

    Due to the quality of students decline, complexity culture and lack of faith education strength, higher vocational college students' belief is experiencing weakness, confusion, shake or tracing. Higher vocational colleges should construct a belief education system with higher vocational characteristics, actively cultivate the scientific view of life, view of value, shape the scientific rationality to the beliefs of the senior skilled talents for socialist construction with Chinese characteristics, to provide powerful spiritual prop.%由于生源素质下降、文化多元复杂以及自身信仰教育实力不足等原因,高职院校学生信仰正在经历着乏力、迷茫、动摇或探寻的过程。高职院校应构建具有中国特色的信仰教育体系,积极培育科学的人生观、价值观,塑造富有理性、科学向上信仰的高级技能型人才。

  20. Best Interest of the Child and Parental Alienation: A Survey of State Statutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Amy J L; Asayan, Mariann; LaCheen-Baker, Alianna

    2016-07-01

    State statutes regarding the best interests of the child (BIC) in deciding disputed custody were reviewed and independently coded with respect to three issues (i) the child's preference and any limits (ii) parental alienation and (iii) psychological maltreatment. Results revealed that many states allowed for the child's preferences to be considered and none qualified that preference when undue influence has occurred; parental alienation as a term was not found in any state statutes but 70% of the states included at least one BIC factor relevant to its core construct of the parent supporting the child's relationship to the other parent; and many states included a history of domestic violence or child abuse but only three states explicitly mentioned psychological maltreatment. These findings highlight yet another way in which the BICS factors lack specificity in ways that could negatively impact children caught in their parents' conflict.

  1. A Survey Report of Career Interests of Normal College Students%高师大学生职业兴趣现状调查--以陇东学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓娜; 安广秦; 何兴艳

    2013-01-01

    为了解高师大学生职业兴趣的现状,采用陈社育于1997年依据霍兰德的职业兴趣量表修订的基于中国国情的职业兴趣问卷,运用问卷调查法和数据统计法,对110名在校大学生实施调查。结果显示,高师大学生职业兴趣在性别、生源地、学科方面差异非常显著,在年级方面差异不显著。由此可以得出结论:大学生职业兴趣呈现多元化发展。%To understand the present conditions of vocational interests of normal college students ,the research adopts the career interests questionnaire based on the situation of China as a survey tool , which was developed by Chen Sheyu on the theory of Holland in 1997 .By the survey method and statistical analysis ,the study investigates 100 col-lege students in Longdong University .The result shows that:The career interests of normal college students have a clear difference in the aspects of gender ,origin of students ,and discipline ,except the grade .So the conclusion could been drawn that the career interest of college students has been developed diversely .

  2. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  3. Changes in Clark-Trow Subcultures from 1976 to 2006: Implications for Addressing Undergraduates' Leisure Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendel, Darwin D.; Harrold, Roger

    2007-01-01

    Unrest in the early 1970s stimulated a need to understand undergraduates' motivations. The Clark-Trow Typology (Clark & Trow, 1966) examined student behavior (i.e., academic, collegiate, vocational, and non-conformist) according to identification with the institution and involvement with ideas. The Student Interest Survey included questions based…

  4. Minnesota Pharmacists and Medical Cannabis: A Survey of Knowledge, Concerns, and Interest Prior to Program Launch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Joy; Arneson, Tom; St. Peter, Wendy

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To assess Minnesota pharmacists’ preparedness for the state’s medical cannabis program in terms of professional competency in policies and regulations and in pharmacotherapy, as well as their concerns and perceptions about the impact on their practice. The secondary objective was to identify pharmacists’ perceptions about ways to reduce potential gaps in knowledge. Methods A Web-based 14-item questionnaire was distributed to all pharmacists whose email addresses were registered with the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy. Results Pharmacists reported limited knowledge of Minnesota state-level cannabis policies and regulations and felt that they were inadequately trained in cannabis pharmacotherapy. Most pharmacists were unprepared to counsel patients on medical cannabis and had many concerns regarding its availability and usage. Only a small proportion felt that the medical cannabis program would impact their practice. Pharmacists’ leading topics of interest for more education included Minnesota’s regulations on the medical cannabis program, cannabis pharmacotherapy, and the types and forms of cannabis products available for commercialization. Preferred modes of receiving information were electronic-based, including email and online continuing education credit. Since the survey’s completion, educational presentations have been provided to pharmacists and health professionals in Minnesota. Conclusion Pharmacists need more training and education on the regulatory and clinical aspects of cannabis in preparation for their work with patients in the medical cannabis program. PMID:27904305

  5. A Survey of Large Molecules of Biological Interest toward Selected High Mass Star Forming Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remijan, A.; Shiao, Y.-S.; Friedel, D. N.; Meier, D. S.; Snyder, L. E.

    2004-01-01

    We have surveyed three high mass Galactic star forming regions for interstellar methanol (CH3OH), formic acid (HCOOH), acetic acid (CH3COOH), methyl formate (HCOOCH3), methyl cyanide (CH3CN), and ethyl cyanide (CH3CH2CN) with the BIMA Array. From our observations, we have detected two new sources of interstellar HCOOH toward the hot core regions G19.61-0.23 and W75N. We have also made the first detections of CH3CH2CN and HCOOCH3 toward G19.61-0.23. The relative HCOOH/HCOOCH3 abundance ratio toward G19.61-0.23 is 0.18 which is comparable to the abundance ratios found by Liu and colleagues toward Sgr B2(N-LMH), Orion and W51(approximately 0.10). We have made the first detection of HCOOCH3 toward W75N. The relative HCOOH/HCOOCH3 abundance ratio toward W75N is 0.26 which is more than twice as large as the abundance ratios found by Liu and colleagues. Furthermore, the hot core regions around W75N show a chemical differentiation between the O and N cores similar to what is seen toward the Orion Hot Core and Compact Ridge and W3(OH) and W3(H2O). It is also apparent from our observations that the high mass star forming region G45.47+0.05 does not contain any compact hot molecular core and as a consequence its chemistry may be similar to cold dark clouds. Finally, the formation of CH3COOH appears to favor HMCs with well mixed N and O, despite the fact that CH3COOH does not contain a N atom. If proved to be true, this is an important constraint on CH3COOH formation and possibly other structurally similar biomolecules.

  6. Professional Development Needs Assessment Survey of Inservice Clients of the Center for Vocational Professional Personnel Development at the Pennsylvania State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, Mary J.; Elliott, Franklin E.; Foster, Pamela M.; Covington, Myrna A.; King, Marsha G.; Liou, Kun-I Tony

    The Center for Vocational Professional Personnel Development conducted a needs assessment in order to plan and deliver staff development workshops in the 34 vocational schools served in Pennsylvania's central region. Respondents from the 30 participating schools were 30 administrators and 600 teachers (371 vocational and 144 academic teachers and…

  7. 高职大学生社会支持现状的调查研究%Survey on Social Support Status Quo of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2014-01-01

    采用肖水源的社会支持量表,以618名高职大学生为研究对象,调查分析了高职大学生社会支持现状,结果表明:是独生子的高职大学生客观支持得分显著高于非独生子的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生,非独生子的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于独生子,是班干部的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持利用度得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生支持总分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持总分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生。结论:高职大学生的社会支持呈现一定的特点,受其生源地、是否为独生子女、是否为班干部等因素的影响。对高职大学生开展心理健康教育时,要充分考虑其社会支持程度的差异性,鼓励其积极主动获取社会支持。%This survey employs Xiao Shuiyuan’s social support scaling method and uses 618 higher vocational col-lege students as research objects to survey and analyze social support status quo of college students. The result shows that the objective support score of higher vocational college students who are only child is higher than non -only child significantly;the subjective support score of higher vocational college students whose origins are cities is much higher than those from rural areas;the subjective support score of the non - only child is far higher than the only - child;the subjective support score of class leaders is even higher than those who are not class leaders;the support availability score of class leaders is significantly higher than those who are not class leaders;the total sup-port score of those from cities is higher than those from rural areas;the total support score of class leaders is

  8. Analysis of the level of knowledge and interest in the subject of e-business among students of the Higher State Vocational School in Tarnów

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Pokrzyk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article refers to the commonly used concept of e-business. Describes the following terms: e-commers, B2B and B2C. The main purpose of writing was to show the relevance of business enterprise on the web. To confirm this we used the results of a survey conducted among the students of PWSZ in Tarnów. The survey provided information about the student’s knowledge of internet business. The results of the survey confirmed the validity of the preparation and organization of a conference under the title of “eBusiness Camp” and also we encountered topics on which students would like to expand their knowledge.

  9. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  10. Surgeon-industry conflict of interest: survey of opinions regarding industry-sponsored educational events and surgeon teaching: clinical article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiPaola, Christian P; Dea, Nicolas; Dvorak, Marcel F; Lee, Robert S; Hartig, Dennis; Fisher, Charles G

    2014-03-01

    Conflict of interest (COI) as it applies to medical education and training has become a source of considerable interest, debate, and regulation in the last decade. Companies often pay surgeons as faculty for educational events and often sponsor and give financial support to major professional society meetings. Professional medical societies, industry, and legislators have attempted to regulate potential COI without consideration for public opinion. The practice of evidence-based medicine requires the inclusion of patient opinion along with best available evidence and expert opinion. The primary goal of this study was to assess the opinion of the general population regarding surgeon-industry COI for education-related events. A Web-based survey was administered, with special emphasis on the surgeon's role in industry-sponsored education and support of professional societies. A survey was constructed to sample opinions on reimbursement, disclosure, and funding sources for educational events. There were 501 completed surveys available for analysis. More than 90% of respondents believed that industry funding for surgeons' tuition and travel for either industry-sponsored or professional society educational meetings would either not affect the quality of care delivered or would cause it to improve. Similar results were generated for opinions on surgeons being paid by industry to teach other surgeons. Moreover, the majority of respondents believed it was ethical or had no opinion if surgeons had such a relationship with industry. Respondents were also generally in favor of educational conferences for surgeons regardless of funding source. Disclosures of a surgeon-industry relationship, especially if it involves specific devices that may be used in their surgery, appears to be important to respondents. The vast majority of respondents in this study do not believe that the quality of their care will be diminished due to industry funding of educational events, for surgeon

  11. Students' Experiences of Autonomy, Competence, Social Relatedness and Interest within a CSCL Environment in Vocational Education: The Case of Commerce and Business Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnaert, Alexander; Boekaerts, Monique; de Brabander, Cornelis; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine

    2011-01-01

    To prepare students for effective workplace learning, it is necessary to have insight into the contextual characteristics that affect students' developing interest. Aiming at students to become self-regulated learners, teachers should act as mindful coaches, encouraging their students to monitor the quality of collaborative group work. A field…

  12. Students' Experiences of Autonomy, Competence, Social Relatedness and Interest Within a CSCL Environment in Vocational Education : The Case of Commerce and Business Administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minnaert, Alexander; Boekaerts, Monique; de Brabander, Cornelis; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine

    2011-01-01

    To prepare students for effective workplace learning, it is necessary to have insight into the contextual characteristics that affect students' developing interest. Aiming at students to become selfregulated learners, teachers should act as mindful coaches, encouraging their students to monitor the

  13. On the Stimulation of Secondary Vocational Students' In-terest in Chinese Language Learning%激发中职学生对语文课程的学习兴趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳涛

    2014-01-01

    Interest is a person's psychological feature to acquire certain knowledge through recognition and research, as well as an autonomous motivation encouraging and facilitating students' learning. It is an imperative issue to make secondary vocational students regain their learning interest and improve the teaching quality. This paper discusses the following measures:to infiltrate Chinese language learning into every aspect of students' life and change the traditional teaching mode;to properly adjust teaching contents, thus making them close to the society and life;learning is everywhere, including classroom environment arrangement and teachers' words and behaviors.%兴趣是一个人倾向于认识、研究获得某种知识的心理特征,是鼓舞和推动学生学习的自觉动机。让中职学生重拾学习的兴趣,提高教学质量,是迫切需要研究、解决的问题。将语文学习渗透到学生生活的方方面面,改变传统的教学模式;适当地对教学内容进行增减,关注社会,关注生活;学习无处不在,包括教室环境布置以及教师的言传身教。

  14. Impact Of Online Advertising On Consumer Attitudes And Interests Buy Online Survey On Students Of Internet Users In Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Aqsa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The rapid development of technology today makes Internet users continues to increase. This is supported by the ease of internet users access the internet either through a PC laptop mobile phones tablets and other media. The increase in Internet users this makes the internet into a proper promotion using online advertising. With a wide reach and touch the various layers of the Internet media communities may be appropriate advice for company promotion. However an increasing number of Internet users especially in the city of Makassar is not accompanied by an increase in the number of online purchases. Based on that it is necessary to examine how the effect of online advertising on consumer buying behavior and online as well as how to control the behavior and subjective norms influence the attitudes and interests of consumers buy online. This study aims to analyze and test the effect of online advertising on consumer attitudes and purchase interest online a survey conducted on students of Internet users in the city of Makassar. The study was conducted on students of public and private universities in the city of Makassar. The method used was a quantitative analysis using the technique of purposive sampling method with a sample of 340 people. Testing this hypothesis using structural equation modeling SEM. The results showed that online advertising has an influence on consumer buying behavior and online. Dimensions interactivity of online advertising provides the highest influence on the attitudes and interests of consumers purchasing online.

  15. 浅析如何激发中职生体育课学习的兴趣%On How to Stimulate Secondary Vocational Students' In-terest in Learning PE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林富凛

    2013-01-01

    体育课是当前广大中职生在教育中所接受的一门重要课程。如何坚持“健康第一”的指导思想,促进学生健康成长,激发学生运动兴趣,培养学生树立终身体育锻炼意识为标准开展体育课教学,对于中职生提高身体素质起到了重要的作用。然而,就笔者的工作经验来看,目前,中职生体育课学习的兴趣并不浓厚。笔者在简要介绍当前中职生体育课学习兴趣不浓的原因的基础上,就如何激发中职生体育课学习进行阐述。%Physical education class is important in secondary vo-cational education. There are many factors which may influence the teaching result, improving students' physical fitness. The first is to keep the mind about health first. The second is to keep the standards on arousing students' interest in doing sports and keep the mind about doing exercise all their life. However, according to the author's teaching exercise, students' learning interest is not e-nough. The author states the reason why students are not inter-ested in doing sport and explain how to arouse students' interest in learning.

  16. Survey on Depression and Related Factors of Vocational Colloge Freshmen%高职新生抑郁状况及其相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红萍

    2015-01-01

    Objective:The prevalence of depressive symptoms among vocational colloge freshmen was studied to provide a scientific reference for mental health education for vocational colloge freshmen . Method:4587 freshmen from a vocational colloge were collectively studied ,using Self‐rating Depression Scale to survey the prevalence of depressive symptoms among freshmen .Result :916 freshmen (19 .9% ) were tested positive for depressive symptom ;Significant difference in depressive symptoms existed be‐tween gender and family structure .Depressive symptom score among female students was significantly higher than that among male students (t=5 .09 ,P<0 .05) ,depressive symptom score among students from incomplete family was significantly higher than that from complete family (t= 2 .17 ,P< 0 .05) . Conclusion :T he study indicates that incidence rate of depressive symptoms among vocational institute freshmen was quite common ,and the prevalence is influenced by two factors ,including gender and fami‐ly structure .Mental health education should be strengthen among vocational colloge freshmen ,especially for the female and students from incomplete family ,so as to eliminate their depressive symptoms and im‐prove social adaptability .%目的:了解高职新生抑郁状况,为高职新生心理健康教育提供科学依据。方法:对某高职院校全体新生4587人实施抑郁自评量表和学生基本信息调查。结果:高职新生中916人存在抑郁状况,占调查总人数的19,9%;新生抑郁状况存在于性别和家庭结构两因素上,差异具有统计学意义。其中,女生抑郁得分显著高于男生( t=5.09,P<0.05),非完整家庭的学生抑郁得分显著高于完整家庭的学生( t=2.17,P<0.05)。结论:高职新生抑郁状况较为普遍,其中性别和家庭结构是主要影响因素,学校应加强对高职新生的心理健康辅导,尤其要关注女生和非完整家庭的学

  17. U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Proceedings, Bowling Green, Kentucky, May 27-29, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuniansky, Eve L.

    2008-01-01

    States are developed in carbonate rocks and karst areas. These aquifers and the springs that discharge from them, serve as major water-supply sources and as unique biological habitats. Commonly, there is competition for the water resources of karst aquifers, and urban development in karst areas can impact the ecosystem and water quality of these aquifers. The concept for developing a Karst Interest Group evolved from the November 1999 National Ground-Water Meeting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Water Resources Division. As a result, the Karst Interest Group was formed in 2000. The Karst Interest Group is a loose-knit grass-roots organization of USGS employees devoted to fostering better communication among scientists working on, or interested in, karst hydrology studies. The mission of the Karst Interest Group is to encourage and support interdisciplinary collaboration and technology transfer among USGS scientists working in karst areas. Additionally, the Karst Interest Group encourages cooperative studies between the different disciplines of the USGS and other Department of Interior agencies and university researchers or research institutes. The first Karst Interest Group workshop was held in St. Petersburg, Florida, February 13-16, 2001, in the vicinity of karst features of the Floridan aquifer system. The proceedings of that first meeting, Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4011 are available online at: http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/karst/ The second Karst Interest Group workshop was held August 20-22, 2002, in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, in close proximity to the carbonate aquifers of the northern Shenandoah Valley. The proceedings of the second workshop were published in Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4174, which is available online at the previously mentioned website. The third workshop of the Karst Interest Group was held September, 12-15, 2005, in Rapid City, South Dakota, which is in close proximity to karst features

  18. On Cultivation of Secondary Vocational Students' Curiosity and Interest in Chemistry%培养中职学生对化学的求知欲和兴趣感浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国耀

    2014-01-01

    in the face of a new idea on"Schooling Is Useless" due to difficult employment for vocational technical secondary school studentsand considering the learning motivation and declining desire , it is necessary to change the learning motivation. Today's secondary students knowledge structure and study habits are greatly uneven. Home learning environment have changed dramatically. Secondary vocational chemistry teachers face heavy working pressure. The situa-tion is not optimistic. However, it is determined to make full use of class time, the school learning time, and try to inspire and cultivate the students' curiosity and interest in learning and space as much time as possible out of the classroom to let students to learn by them. Cultivation of students' interest in learning is to change passive learning into active learn-ing.%面对社会上对职业中专学生就业难而产生的“读书无用论”,再看中职学生面临学习动机和欲望日益下降的严峻现状,有必要改变学习的动力。今天中职的学生知识结构、学习习惯存在很大程度的参差不齐;家庭学习环境也发生了巨变,中职化学教师所面临的工作压力很大,处境不容乐观。然而,下决心充分利用课堂时间、校内学习时间,极力激发和培养学生的求知欲和学习兴趣,把课堂尽可能多的时间挤出来让学生“当家作主”。真正把培养学生学习兴趣、变被动学习为主动求知落到实处。

  19. 上海市中高职院校英语口语教学现状调查与分析——以上海市商贸职教集团成员学校为例%A Survey on Oral English Teaching in Secondary and Higher Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢永业

    2012-01-01

    本调查通过对上海商贸职教集团成员学校英语口语教学现状的信息采集与整理,指出中高职学校在英语口语的教学方面存在着诸如学习情感、教学方法、教学资源及教学评价等方面的问题,并就培养学生的学习兴趣、夯实语言知识基础、关注学习者差异、改进教学方法与评价方式及关注中高职教学内容的衔接等方面提出了针对性建议。%The survey conducted in the secondary and higher vocational schools in Shanghai vocational education group for Commerce and Trade shows that there are such problems as students' lack of interest and motivation, teaching methods, teaching resources, and assessment, etc. in learning oral English. Based on concerned language learning theory and the problems above, this paper presents some advice on how to foster students' interest, strengthen basic knowledge, pay attention to students; diversity, improve teaching and assessment methods so that better effects can be achieved.

  20. Vocational Preparation Teacher Manual. Missouri LINC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Steve; And Others

    This document defines the role and responsibilities of Missouri's vocational preparation teachers as they work with disadvantaged and handicapped students in vocational education programs and offers advice on how they can fulfill their role and responsibilities. Following the introduction is the questionnaire used in a survey of vocational…

  1. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  2. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  3. Patient interest in and familiarity with anti-aging therapies: A survey of the general dermatology clinic population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darland, Allison M; Chubb, Heather A; Sachs, Dana L; Helfrich, Yolanda R

    2017-08-03

    The appearance of aging skin is a common complaint among dermatology patients. There is an expanding market for anti-aging therapies, but little information is available regarding which patients utilize these treatments and patient preferences regarding treatment. To describe the patient population utilizing anti-aging therapies, assess patient familiarity with treatment options, and learn where treatment information is most often obtained. Three hundred patients were surveyed in the University of Michigan General Dermatology Clinic. Fifty-three percent of the general dermatology patient population has used an anti-aging treatment in the past; 66% reported interest in the future use. Interest is high among all genders, ages, and incomes. Most subjects obtained treatment information from magazines, but subjects were more likely to pursue treatment if information was obtained from a dermatologist. Demographics of anti-aging therapy are changing, and a wide variety of patients pursue treatment. Patients are largely unfamiliar with most treatment options and are more likely to pursue treatment after receiving treatment information from a dermatologist. The information presented in this study is helpful to both dermatologists and marketers of anti-aging products. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Vocational Indecision: More Evidence and Speculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Holland, Joan E.

    1977-01-01

    Samples of 1,005 high school juniors and 692 college juniors were assessed with measures of personality, decision-making ability, interests, and vocational attitude. Comparisons of undecided and decided students indicate they are alike on most measures, but substantial and significant differences were found for the Identity and Vocational Attitude…

  5. 高职大学生社会兼职状况调查与创业教育引导——基于广州某高职学院的问卷调查%Survey on Status of Vocational College Students Doing Part-time Jobs and Entrepreneurship Education Guidance --Based on A Survey of Vocational College Students in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳大胜

    2012-01-01

    社会兼职是大学生充实业余生活的重要选择,也可能是获取创业必要经验和能力的重要途径。文章通过对广州某高职学院大学生的社会兼职现状抽样调查,分析发现其创业经验和能力的收获甚微。因此,建议加强创业教育,完善创业教育引导机制,从而提高高职大学生创业能力。%For college students, social part-time activity is an important part for the enrichment of their life. It is also an important way to accumulate the necessary entrepreneurial experience and ability which is needed for students to open a career. Through a sample survey on students of a vocational college in Guangzhou, this paper analyzes students' social part-time status and comes to a conclusion that they have gained little entrepreneurial experience and capacity. In this sense, this paper suggests that in order to improve vocational college students' entrepreneurial capacity, entreprenenrship education must be strengthened, especially the guiding mechanism of entrepreneurship education.

  6. Medical practitioners in outpatient care: who is interested in participating in EBM courses? Results of a representative postal survey in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Thorsten; Stroebel, Angelika; Raspe, Heiner

    2005-10-01

    We surveyed the attitudes of medical practitioners towards evidence-based medicine (EBM) and characterized those with an interest in participating in EBM courses. A random sample of 900 outpatient care doctors stratified by level and field of specialization was surveyed by means of a postal questionnaire. Importance of knowledge on information management, a positive attitude towards EBM and not yet doing critical appraisal were significant predictors of interest in participating in EBM courses. Low participation rates of outpatient care doctors in EBM courses are not due to attitudinal or general motivational problems. Although possible predictors of interest in participation could be specified, further factors contributing to actual participation need to be identified.

  7. Effectiveness Evaluation Data for Major City Secondary Education Systems in the United States; Volume IV: Survey of Class of '70 Graduates Vocational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eninger, M. U.

    Vocational education administrators must think of themselves as managers of manpower development systems and apply tools of management to achieve their objectives. To do this a theoretical model, called the Manpower Conversion Equation, was developed from which six basic vocational education objectives could be generated deductively. The model…

  8. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  9. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  10. Facilitating Out-of-Home Caregiving Through Health Information Technology: Survey of Informal Caregivers’ Current Practices, Interests, and Perceived Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piette, John D; Jenchura, Emily C; Asch, Steven M; Rosland, Ann-Marie

    2013-01-01

    Background Many patients with chronic conditions are supported by out-of-home informal caregivers—family members, friends, and other individuals who provide care and support without pay—who, if armed with effective consumer health information technology, could inexpensively facilitate their care. Objective We sought to understand caregivers’ use of, interest in, and perceived barriers to health information technology for out-of-home caregiving. Methods We conducted 2 sequential Web-based surveys with a national sample of individuals who provide out-of-home caregiving to an adult family member or friend with a chronic illness. We queried respondents about their use of health information technology for out-of-home caregiving and used multivariable regression to investigate caregiver and care-recipient characteristics associated with caregivers’ technology use for caregiving. Results Among 316 out-of-home caregiver respondents, 34.5% (109/316) reported using health information technology for caregiving activities. The likelihood of a caregiver using technology increased significantly with intensity of caregiving (as measured by number of out-of-home caregiving activities). Compared with very low intensity caregivers, the adjusted odds ratio (OR) of technology use was 1.88 (95% CI 1.01-3.50) for low intensity caregivers, 2.39 (95% CI 1.11-5.15) for moderate intensity caregivers, and 3.70 (95% CI 1.62-8.45) for high intensity caregivers. Over 70% (149/207) of technology nonusers reported interest in using technology in the future to support caregiving. The most commonly cited barriers to technology use for caregiving were health system privacy rules that restrict access to care-recipients’ health information and lack of familiarity with programs or websites that facilitate out-of-home caregiving. Conclusions Health information technology use for out-of-home caregiving is common, especially among individuals who provide more intense caregiving. Health care

  11. Cervical screening uptake, political interest and voter turnout: a population-based survey of women in England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macedo, Ana; Waller, Jo; Patnick, Julietta; Marlow, Laura

    2012-12-01

    To examine the relationship between cervical screening uptake and political engagement, and to test whether political engagement and voting behaviour mediate the association between age and cervical screening uptake. A population-based survey of women in England in 2010. Women aged 26-64 took part in home-based computer-assisted interviews (n = 890). Women were classified as 'up to date' or 'overdue/never been screened' for cervical screening. Most women (81%) were up-to-date with screening; 19% were overdue. Age and marital status were associated with screening status. Women who were not registered to vote, had not voted in previous general elections, and those who showed less interest in elections and lower intention to engage in political activities were more likely to be overdue for screening. In multivariate analyses (adjusting for all significant measures) 'being on the electoral register' was the only significant independent predictor of screening status. 'Being on the electoral register' was also the only measure of voting behaviour that mediated the association between age and screening status. We found limited evidence for the hypothesis that falling attendance for cervical screening could be associated with a broader phenomenon of disillusionment as indexed by reported voting behaviour and other measures of political engagement. Alternative explanations should be considered in order to better understand falling cervical screening uptake, particularly among younger women.

  12. CORRELATION BETWEEN INTERESTS, FLAIRS AND VOCATIONAL PREFERENCES WITH THE PROFESSIONAL CAREER ELECTION WHEN GRADUATED FROM THE TECHNOLOGIC AGRICULTURE COLLEGE, MEXICO / LA CORRELACIÓN ENTRE LOS INTERESES, APTITUDES Y PREFERENCIAS VOCACIONALES CON LA CARRERA QUE ELIGEN AL EGRESAR LOS ALUMNOS DEL CENTRO DE BACHILLERATO TECNOLÓGICO AGROPECUARIO, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa De León Mendoza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available An activity required in the educational field is the vocational counseling, which is considered fundamental because of the importance on the future of the students. Nevertheless there are only a few researches that meassure the correlation between the dominant areas identified by the career adviser and with the professional career election taken by the student at the end of high scholl degree.The methodology used in this research allow the vocational counseling or career adviser to provide the student with information of the specific area attached to their interests and flairs. The results of this research work, demonstrate that there is a correlation between the interests, skills and specific areas identified in the student, with the race which elects the graduation of his high school.

  13. Survey of the Difficulties and Interests of Students and Teachers of Elementary and High Schools Related to Microbiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Palmieri

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available The microorganisms  are present in several topics of the science curriculum  as cytology, ecology, public health,  biochemical cycles, genetics and biotechnology that sometimes cause difficulties to students and teachers  in classroom.  The  use of interactive educational resources in sciences centers  can represent a helpful  tool  in the  approach  of this  subject  and  also provide  a better understanding of it.   The present project  made a survey of the  major  doubts  and  interests of students and  teachers  related  to Microbiology.  This  survey had  the  objective of supplying  subsidies  for the  elaboration of interactive activities  that will be part of a thematic space  on Microbiology  to  be implanted by  the  Scientific Dissemination Coordination  of the  CBME,  in  order  to  complement  its  educational activities.    In the total,  114 students of elementary school (ES,  85 students of high school (HS and 18 teachers  of Sciences and Biology of Sao Carlos, SP, had participated. The survey was made through  the application of three  types of questionnaires.  The  students questionnaires were composed by open and  multiple- choice questions  related  to the  theirs  science curricula;  the teachers  questionnaire was composed  by open and  multiple-choice  questions,  related  to the  approach  in the  teaching  of this  subject.  Of the students of ES, only 41,8% were able to differentiate between  animal  and plant cell; when identifying diseases and its pathogens, 42,7% associated pneumonia  erroneously to its causative  agent; in the virus characterization, 50% mentioned  it as an unicellular being.  Of the students of HS, 40% do not associate the bacteria  to food production and 26% do not associate  fungus to decomposition;  25 to 30% of the students misled when associating  protozoa  with  its major  diseases.  The

  14. Topographic and Hydrographic GIS Datasets for the Afghanistan Geological Survey and U.S. Geological Survey 2014 Mineral Areas of Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeWitt, Jessica D.; Chirico, Peter G.; Malpeli, Katherine C.

    2015-11-18

    Mineral extraction and associated industries play an important role in the Afghan economy, particularly in the “transitional era” of declining foreign aid and withdrawal of foreign troops post 2014. In addition to providing a substantial source of government revenue, other potential benefits of natural resource development include boosted exports, employment opportunities, and strengthened industrialization (Joya, 2012). Continued exploration and investment in these industries has resulted in large economic improvements since 2007, when this series of studies was initiated. At that time, the “Preliminary Non-Fuel Mineral Resource Assessment of Afghanistan” was completed by members of the U.S. Geological Survey and Afghanistan Geological Survey (Peters and others, 2007). The assessment published a series of country-wide datasets, including a digital elevation model (DEM), elevation contours, hydrography, transportation routes, geophysics, and cultural datasets (Peters and others, 2007). It also delineated 20 mineralized areas for further study using a geologic-based methodology. A second data product, “Summaries of Important Areas for Mineral Investment and Production Opportunities of Nonfuel Minerals in Afghanistan,” was released by Peters and others in 2011. This work highlighted geologic, geohydrologic, and hyperspectral studies that were carried out in specific Areas of Interest (AOIs) to assess the location and characteristics of mineral resources. Also included in the 2011 publication is a collection of appendixes and inventories of Geographic Information System (GIS) datasets for each of the 24 identified AOIs. A third data product was released in 2013 (Casey and Chirico, 2013), publishing datasets for five different AOIs, two subareas, and one AOI extension. Each dataset contains vector shapefiles of the AOI boundary, streams, roads, and contours at 25-, 50-, and 100-meter (m) intervals, as well as raster files of the AOI’s DEM and hillshade.

  15. Topographic and hydrographic GIS datasets for the Afghan Geological Survey and U.S. Geological Survey 2013 mineral areas of interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Brittany N.; Chirico, Peter G.

    2013-01-01

    Afghanistan is endowed with a vast amount of mineral resources, and it is believed that the current economic state of the country could be greatly improved through investment in the extraction and production of these resources. In 2007, the “Preliminary Non-Fuel Resource Assessment of Afghanistan 2007” was completed by members of the U.S. Geological Survey and Afghan Geological Survey (Peters and others, 2007). The assessment delineated 20 mineralized areas for further study using a geologic-based methodology. In 2011, a follow-on data product, “Summaries and Data Packages of Important Areas for Mineral Investment and Production Opportunities of Nonfuel Minerals in Afghanistan,” was released (Peters and others, 2011). As part of this more recent work, geologic, geohydrologic, and hyperspectral studies were carried out in the areas of interest (AOIs) to assess the location and characteristics of the mineral resources. The 2011 publication included a dataset of 24 identified AOIs containing subareas, a corresponding digital elevation model (DEM), elevation contours, areal extent, and hydrography for each AOI. In 2012, project scientists identified five new AOIs and two subareas in Afghanistan. These new areas are Ahankashan, Kandahar, Parwan, North Bamyan, and South Bamyan. The two identified subareas include Obatu-Shela and Sekhab-ZamtoKalay, both located within the larger Kandahar AOI. In addition, an extended Kandahar AOI is included in the project for water resource modeling purposes. The dataset presented in this publication consists of the areal extent of the five new AOIs, two subareas, and the extended Kandahar AOI, elevation contours at 100-, 50-, and 25-meter intervals, an enhanced DEM, and a hydrographic dataset covering the extent of the new study area. The resulting raster and vector layers are intended for use by government agencies, developmental organizations, and private companies in Afghanistan to assist with mineral assessments, monitoring

  16. Interesting Interest Points

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanæs, Henrik; Dahl, Anders Lindbjerg; Pedersen, Kim Steenstrup

    2012-01-01

    on spatial invariance of interest points under changing acquisition parameters by measuring the spatial recall rate. The scope of this paper is to investigate the performance of a number of existing well-established interest point detection methods. Automatic performance evaluation of interest points is hard......Not all interest points are equally interesting. The most valuable interest points lead to optimal performance of the computer vision method in which they are employed. But a measure of this kind will be dependent on the chosen vision application. We propose a more general performance measure based...... position. The LED illumination provides the option for artificially relighting the scene from a range of light directions. This data set has given us the ability to systematically evaluate the performance of a number of interest point detectors. The highlights of the conclusions are that the fixed scale...

  17. U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Proceedings, Carlsbad, New Mexico, April 29-May 2, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuniansky, Eve L.; Spangler, Lawrence E.; Kuniansky, Eve L.; Spangler, Lawrence E.

    2014-01-01

    , state, and local agencies have a strong interest in the study of karst terrains. Many of the major springs and aquifers in the United States have developed in carbonate rocks, such as the Floridan aquifer system in Florida and parts of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina; the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system in parts of Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma; and the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system in west-central Texas. These aquifers, and the springs that discharge from them, serve as major water-supply sources and as unique ecological habitats. Competition for the water resources of karst aquifers is common, and urban development and the lack of attenuation of contaminants in karst areas can impact the ecosystem and water quality of these aquifers. The concept for developing a platform for interaction among scientists within the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) working on karst-related studies evolved from the November 1999 National Ground-Water Meeting of the USGS. As a result, the Karst Interest Group (KIG) was formed in 2000. The KIG is a loose-knit, grass-roots organization of USGS and non-USGS scientists and researchers devoted to fostering better communication among scientists working on, or interested in, karst science. The primary mission of the KIG is to encourage and support interdisciplinary collaboration and technology transfer among scientists working in karst areas. Additionally, the KIG encourages collaborative studies between the different mission areas of the USGS as well as other federal and state agencies, and with researchers from academia and institutes. The KIG also encourages younger scientists by participation of students in the poster and oral sessions. To accomplish its mission, the KIG has organized a series of workshops that are held near nationally important karst areas. To date (2014) six KIG workshops, including the workshop documented in this report, have been held. The workshops typically include oral and poster sessions on selected karst

  18. Investigation on the Status Quo of Migrant Workers’ Motivation for Vocational Training

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jianhua; ZUO, Lu

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of migrant workers’ motivation for training is of significant importance to promote the vocational training effectiveness. The survey study of 626 migrant workers in Guangdong province identified that occupational development motivation is the most intensive, followed by the social environment and job responsibility while cognitive interest and interrelationship are among the least. Therefore, the authors suggest that appropriate guidance should be conducted to facilitate ...

  19. High School Vocational Counseling Role in Leveraging Students` Professional Inclinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Brătucu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The experience of many countries with a well-educated workforce highlights the important role of vocational counselling services for advantageous youth professional orientation. Researchers manifest in their turn, a growing interest to study the role of vocational counselling, from the perspective of increasing the efficiency of investment in education and strengthening the capacity of enterprises to meet the challenges of the knowledge economy. In Romania, high school students have access to career guidance services, but there is little information on the extent to which they use or how useful they consider these services. Many times, there is a social conformism among high school graduates, which determines them to choose professions valued at a certain moment, without making a personal judgment. The aim of this paper is to analyse, as a good practice, the role of high school graduate vocational counselling in developing professional skills, in order to help them make the right career decision. In order to monitor the high school students` opinions on the vocational guidance and their perceptions of the integration in the labour market, a market research study has been conducted. This is a survey conducted on a sample of 2,364 high school students in their final year of study (twelve grade. The research has shown that a reduced percentage of the interviewed high school students have knowledge about the vocational guidance activity. From those who have used these services, most of them were satisfied. The study also highlighted the fact that the most important criteria for getting a job are the skills acquired during studies.

  20. Current Situation Analysis for Oral English Learning of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire, this paper makes survey and analysis on the current oral English learning situation of the vocational college students, and explores the methods and approaches to improve the vocational college students ’oral English communication ability.

  1. Promoting Vocational Exploration and Decision Making among High School and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1978-01-01

    This review surveys vocational exploration and decision making among high school and college students. Findings indicate educational institutions need to evaluate their collective ability to help students in vocational exploration and decision making. (MFD)

  2. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB): Validation for Civilian Occupations Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-01

    LONGITUDINAL SURVEY OF YOUTH (NLSY) DATA DTIC ELECTE H bAUG 16 0 oUnG CaH ~~~~ •u;•U °"’ca•Lauri Steel U American Institutes for Research M P.O. Box 1113 A...AFHRL staff: Dr. Thomas W. Watson for his valuable support and advice in his role as the Laboratory Contract Monitor for the project; Drs. William E...14 subtest scores (rather than composites) were related to gender and, within gender , whether they were related to occupation. Four vectors were

  3. An Investigation into English Teaching Methods in Secondary Vocational Schools in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUAN Shi-qing

    2016-01-01

    New requirements in English teaching were brought up under vocational curriculum reform in Zhejiang province. The work presented in this paper mainly focus on three aspects of the following:Teaching methods in class, the students’knowledge background and learning motivation. Methods used in this investigation are known as questionnaires as well as interview. Total 182 students from two Vocational Schools in Hangzhou city were surveyed in random manner, aiming at the students’knowl-edge background, learning motivation and teachers’teaching methods. Interview was used as supplementary information. It’s in order to get an entire grasp of the present situation of English teaching Methods in secondary vocational schools and to find out an effective way to solve the problems. After that, as a result of the Investigation indicates that problems still exist in second-ary vocational schools. Suggestions are to put forward some effective strategies and approaches that will improve English teach-ing quality in secondary vocational schools;what is more, according to students’choices and interests, situational teaching and layered teaching could be implemented in order to improve students’English ability.

  4. Survey of Higher Vocational College Students' Internet Use and Addiction%大专生网络使用及成瘾状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芳

    2012-01-01

    By surveying 1200 higher vocational college students' Internet use and addiction,the article discovers that surfing the Internet has already become college students' major recreation.The college students' use of Internet is more for entertainment than for instrument.Most of the students can use the Internet reasonably,but 4%-5% of the students overuse the Internet and have developed Internet addiction.The educators should conduct preventative education of Internet addiction to the students,effectively interfere the students with Internet addiction,and build up the online education platform so as to exert Internet's positive effects by eliminating its negative influence.%该文通过对1200名高职高专在校学生的网络使用情况和网络成瘾状况的调查,发现上网已经成为大学生业余生活的主要活动方式,学生对网络的使用娱乐性大于工具性,绝大多数学生能健康地使用网络,约4%-5%的学生存在过度使用网络而成瘾的症状。教育者要对学生进行网络成瘾的预防性教育,并通过对已经网络成瘾的学生进行有效的干预和建设网络教育平台,消除网络的负面影响,发挥它正面的积极作用。

  5. U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Proceedings, Carlsbad, New Mexico, April 29-May 2, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuniansky, Eve L.; Spangler, Lawrence E.; Kuniansky, Eve L.; Spangler, Lawrence E.

    2014-01-01

    strong interest in the study of karst terrains.Many of the major springs and aquifers in the United States have developed in carbonate rocks, such as the Floridan aquifer system in Florida and parts of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina; the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system in parts of Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma; and the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system in west-central Texas. These aquifers, and the springs that discharge from them, serve as major water-supply sources and as unique ecological habitats. Competition for the water resources of karst aquifers is common, and urban development and the lack of attenuation of contaminants in karst areas can impact the ecosystem and water quality of these aquifers.The concept for developing a platform for interaction among scientists within the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) working on karst-related studies evolved from the November 1999 National Ground-Water Meeting of the USGS. As a result, the Karst Interest Group (KIG) was formed in 2000. The KIG is a loose-knit, grass-roots organization of USGS and non-USGS scientists and researchers devoted to fostering better communication among scientists working on, or interested in, karst science. The primary mission of the KIG is to encourage and support interdisciplinary collaboration and technology transfer among scientists working in karst areas. Additionally, the KIG encourages collaborative studies between the different mission areas of the USGS as well as other federal and state agencies, and with researchers from academia and institutes. The KIG also encourages younger scientists by participation of students in the poster and oral sessions.To accomplish its mission, the KIG has organized a series of workshops that are held near nationally important karst areas. To date (2014) six KIG workshops, including the workshop documented in this report, have been held. The workshops typically include oral and poster sessions on selected karst-related topics and research, as well

  6. 高职学生自主学习能力现状调查及分析--以武汉软件工程职业学院为例%Survey and Analysis on Vocational College Students’ Independent Learning Ability---Taking Wuhan Vocational College of Software and Engineering as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红

    2015-01-01

    Based on the data of the Survey of Vocational College Students’ Independent Learning Ability , the paper makes analysis from the following four aspects :motivation , study strategy ,self‐control ,and information ability ,and puts forward some teaching sug‐gestions .%本文针对《高职学生自主学习能力现状问卷调查》的统计结果,从学习动机、学习策略、自我管理、信息能力四个方面进行了分析,并提出了相应的教学建议。

  7. John Holland's Vocational Typology and Personality Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Robert; Blake, Rex

    1999-01-01

    The literature provides evidence of links between measures of personality and vocational interests as theorized by Holland. Personality and interest assessments offer critical information for predicting career success. Personality assessment reflects the individual viewed by an observer and interest measurement reflects the individual's…

  8. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  9. 体育锻炼对职业高中学生身心健康的影响调查分析%Survey on Health Effects of Physical Exercise amongst Students in Vocational High Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗凤英

    2014-01-01

    为了探索体育课程对职业高中学生身心健康健康的作用与影响,采用问卷调查法,把被调查的126名职中学生分成两组,经常参加体育锻炼组和非经常参加体育锻炼组。调查的结果显示,分析健康的四项指标在两组之间均达到极显著性的差异(P<0.01),可见体育锻炼能有效的改善职中学生的健康,体育课程对职中学生的身心健康具有重要的作用。%In order to explore the health effects of P.E. curriculum on vocational high school students, by method of questionnaire, 126 vocational school students were divided into two groups, one for those who often take part in physical exercise and the other for non-exercise students. The survey results showed that differences between the four indicators of health are significant at the 0.01 between the two groups (P < 0.01); therefore, visible physical exercise can effectively improve the vocational school students' health, and sports programs play an important role in physical and mental health of vocational high school students.

  10. A Survey on the Vocational College Students’ Cognition Attitude of Traditional Culture in Southern Jiangsu Province%苏南地区高职生对传统文化认知态度调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 蒋蓉

    2013-01-01

    近年来,随着我国改革开放的不断深入,文化多元化趋势也日益凸显,对高职院校的内在精神结构和文化品质产生了严重的冲击。通过对苏南地区五所高职院校的调查发现,在校高职生对中国传统文化的认知程度还比较低,但是他们对传统文化的生存和发展比较关心,说明他们具有较强的责任心和民族荣誉感。逐步引导在校高职生传承中国传统文化,既有利于他们树立正确的文化观,同时也能增强思想政治教育的实效性。%In recent years, with the deepening of reform and opening-up, the trend of cultural diversity has become increasingly prominent, giving dramatic impact on the internal mental structure and cultural quality of vocational colleges. The survey of five vocational colleges in the southern areas of Jiangsu Province founds that, vocational students lack the traditional Chinese cultural awareness, but they show concern for the survival and development of traditional culture.They have a strong sense of responsibility and the sense of national honor. Guiding vocational college students to inherit Chinese traditional culture step by step helps students to establish a correct view of culture, and at the same time enhances the effectiveness of college ideological and political education.

  11. “诱导教学法”对提高高职院校学生武术选项课学习兴趣的实验研究%The experimental study of“induction teaching method"to improve vocational college students’ learning interest inthe optional course of martial arts teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫拼物

    2012-01-01

      兴趣是影响学生学习情绪和效果的重要的非智力结构构成要素之一,是使教学成果趋优的一种积极的心理倾向。本研究在查阅大量的文献资料基础上,大胆的提出一种新的高校体育课教学方法——诱导教学法,并通过语言诱导在武术选项课中的教学实验,论证诱导教学法能有效提高高职院校学生武术选项课兴趣的假设,揭示诱导教学法提高高职院校学生武术选项课兴趣的机制,从而提出有效提高高职院校学生武术选项课兴趣的途径和方法。%  Interest is one of the important non-intellectual structure elements to affect students' mood and the effect, is a positive psychological tendency of the teaching achievement optimization. In this study, consults the massive literature material foundation, put forward a kind of new PE teaching method in colleges--induction teaching method, and through the induced language in the optional course of martial arts in the teaching experiment, demonstrates induction teaching method can effectively improve the vocational college students' optional course of martial arts interest hypothesis, revealing induction teaching method to improve higher vocational college students' optional course of martial arts interest mechanism, thus put forward the way and method to effectively improve the vocational college students' interest in optional course of martial arts.

  12. U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Proceedings, San Antonio, Texas, May 16–18, 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuniansky, Eve L.; Spangler, Lawrence E.

    2017-05-15

    karst hydrogeologic systems. As a result, numerous federal, state, and local agencies have a strong interest in the study of karst terrains.Many of the major springs and aquifers in the United States have developed in carbonate rocks, such as the Floridan aquifer system in Florida and parts of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina; the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system in parts of Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma; and the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system in west-central Texas. These aquifers, and the springs that discharge from them, serve as major water-supply sources and form unique ecological habitats. Competition for the water resources of karst aquifers is common, and urban development and the lack of attenuation of contaminants in karst areas due to dissolution features that form direct pathways into karst aquifers can impact the ecosystem and water quality associated with these aquifers.The concept for developing a platform for interaction among scientists within the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) working on karst-related studies evolved from the November 1999 National Groundwater Meeting of the USGS. As a result, the Karst Interest Group (KIG) was formed in 2000. The KIG is a loose-knit, grass-roots organization of USGS and non-USGS scientists and researchers devoted to fostering better communication among scientists working on, or interested in, karst science. The primary mission of the KIG is to encourage and support interdisciplinary collaboration and technology transfer among scientists working in karst areas. Additionally, the KIG encourages collaborative studies between the different mission areas of the USGS as well as with other federal and state agencies, and with researchers from academia and institutes.To accomplish its mission, the KIG has organized a series of workshops that have been held near nationally important karst areas. To date (2017) seven KIG workshops, including the workshop documented in this report, have been held. The workshops

  13. Factors influencing the career interest of medical graduates in obstetrics and gynaecology in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Christy Y Y; Cheung, Charleen S Y; Hui, Annie S Y

    2016-04-01

    The trend of declining interest of medical graduates in pursuing obstetrics and gynaecology as a career has been observed in many overseas studies. This study aimed to evaluate the career interest of the most recent medical graduates in Hong Kong, especially their level of interest in obstetrics and gynaecology, and to identify key influential factors for career choice and career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology. All medical graduates from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and the University of Hong Kong who attended the pre-internship lectures in June 2015 were invited to participate in this cross-sectional questionnaire survey. The main outcome measures were the level of career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology, the first three choices of specialty as a career, key influential factors for career choice, and key influential factors for career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology. Overall, 73.7% of 323 new medical graduates participated in the study and 233 questionnaires were analysed. The median score (out of 10) for the level of career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology was 3. There were 37 (16.2%) participants in whom obstetrics and gynaecology was among their first three choices, of whom 29 (78.4%) were female. Obstetrics and gynaecology ranked as the eighth most popular career choice. By factor analysis, the strongest key influential factor for career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology was clerkship experience (variance explained 28.9%) and the strongest key influential factor for career choice was working style (variance explained 26.4%). The study confirmed a low level of career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology among medical graduates and a decreasing popularity of the specialty as a career choice. The three key influential factors for career interest in obstetrics and gynaecology and career choice were working style, clerkship experience, and career prospects.

  14. 江苏省高职医学检验技术专业岗位需求的调查研究%Job demand survey of vocational medical laboratory technology in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪文玲; 王莉; 陆璐; 汪平; 孙薇; 骆峻

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查江苏省高职医学检验技术专业岗位需求,以构建高职医学检验技术专业的课程体系。方法采用重点单位约谈法、个人访谈法、问卷调查法等调查江苏省医学检验专业相关行业单位128家,调查内容包括人才需求情况、需求变化的原因、高职人才需求状况及岗位技能要求,对调查结果进行资料收集和数据分析。结果3年制高职检验专业需求情况为三级医院需求很少,而基层医疗机构和相关的医疗机构和公司需求较为旺盛。主要工作岗位为临床检验技术方向及病理检验技术方向,此外,输血与输血技术方向、检验试剂及仪器营销方向、男科实验室操作技术方向都有需求。结论根据调查结果,确定高职医学检验的专业培养目标和特色专业方向,提出构建“临床检验专业基础平台+特色专业方向模块”的课程体系的设想。%Objective To study the job demand of vocational medical laboratory technology in Jiangsu Province ,and as a basis to build curriculum system of vocational medical laboratory technology .Methods We surveyed 128 medical laboratory related institu‐tions in Jiangsu Province ,the survey included the demand for talent ,changing needs of reasons ,demand for vocational talent and job skill requirements ,data of the survey results were collected and analyzed .Results Demand for vocational talents for tertiary hospi‐tals were small ,while the primary health care institutions and relevant private medical institutions and companies were exuberant . The main jobs were clinical testing technology direction and pathological examination technical direction .In addition ,blood transfu‐sion and transfusion technology direction ,testing reagents and equipment marketing direction and technical for andrology laboratory direction also were needed .Conclusion According to the survey results ,we determine educational objectives ,basic

  15. Survey on depression and anxiety of nursing students in vocational school%高职护生抑郁和焦虑的现况调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋新跃

    2015-01-01

    Objective Through a survey about higher vocational nursing students in school during thedepression and anxiety situation , explore effective interventions .Methods Of stratified cluster sampling method was used, in nursing specialty students in higher vocational colleges using self-rating depression scale and self-rating anxiety scale , teenage life events scale screening for depression and anxiety , and an analysis of the relevant factors.Results Of vocational nursing students 'depression and anxiety influence factors , professional attitude , the attitude, the professional confidence of three independent variables related to depression (P<0.05), life events and occurrence of depression and anxiety were significantly related (P<0.001).Conclusions In higher vocational nursing students in school during the widespread psychological problems such as anxiety and depression;higher vocational colleges shall be based on the relevant factors affecting the adoption of effective interventions , promoting the mental health of nursing students .%目的:通过现况调查,了解高职护生在校期间抑郁和焦虑的情况,探讨有效的干预措施。方法采用分层整群抽样的方法,在某高职院校护理专业学生中,使用抑郁自评量表、焦虑自评量表、青少年生活事件量表进行抑郁和焦虑情况筛查,并对相关影响因素进行分析。结果高职护生的抑郁和焦虑的影响因素中,专业态度、实习态度、专业自信三个自变量与抑郁的发生相关(P<0.05),生活事件与抑郁和焦虑的发生有显著相关( P<0.001)。结论高职护生在校期间焦虑和抑郁等心理问题普遍存在;高职院校应根据相关影响因素采取有效的干预措施,促进护生的心理健康。

  16. Parental Influence on College and Vocational Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venerable, Wilbur R.

    1974-01-01

    Reports on a survey made of 300 freshmen college students on the amount of perceived parental influence on college and vocational choice. Although students surveyed indicated that they made their own decisions, most said that they sought parental advice on important issues. (Author/PC)

  17. High Rates of Pregnancy among Vocational School Students: Results of Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview Survey in Chiang Rai, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manopaiboon, Chomnad; Kilmarx, Peter H.; van Griensven, Frits; Chaikummao, Supaporn; Jeeyapant, Supaporn; Limpakarnjanarat, Khanchi; Uthaiworavit, Wat

    2003-01-01

    Examined prevalence of and factors associated with pregnancy and abortion among vocation school students in northern Thailand. Age, current contraceptive use, early initiation of sexual intercourse, alcohol and drug use, and sexual coercion were associated with self or partner pregnancy. High rates of pregnancy and abortion indicate the need for…

  18. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  19. Disclosure of funding sources and conflicts of interest in phase III surgical trials: survey of ten general surgery journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridoux, Valérie; Moutel, Grégoire; Schwarz, Lilian; Michot, Francis; Herve, Christian; Tuech, Jean-Jacques

    2014-10-01

    Discussions regarding disclosure of funding sources and conflicts of interest (COI) in published peer-reviewed journal articles are becoming increasingly more common and intense. The aim of the present study was to examine whether randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in leading surgery journals report funding sources and COI. All articles reporting randomized controlled phase III trials published January 2005 through December 2010 were chosen for review from ten international journals. We evaluated the number of disclosed funding sources and COI, and the factors associated with such disclosures. From a review of 657 RCT from the ten journals, we discovered that presence or absence of a funding source and COI was disclosed by 47 % (309) and 25.1 % (165), respectively. Most articles in "International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)-affiliated journals" did not disclose COI. Disclosure of funding was associated with a journal impact factor >3 (51.7 vs 41.6 %; p journal being ICMJE-affiliated (49.3 vs 40 %; p journal not being affiliated with ICMJE (36.9 vs 21.3 %; p < 0.001). Of the published studies we investigated, over half did not disclose funding sources (i.e., whether or not there was a funding source), and almost three quarters did not disclose whether COI existed. Our findings suggest the need to adopt best current practices regarding disclosure of competing interests to fulfill responsibilities to readers and, ultimately, to patients.

  20. A survey of smoking prevalence and interest in quitting among social and community service organisation clients in Australia: a unique opportunity for reaching the disadvantaged.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Jamie; Bonevski, Billie; Paul, Christine

    2011-10-26

    Social and community service organisations (SCSOs) are non-government, not-for-profit organisations that provide welfare services to disadvantaged individuals. SCSOs hold considerable potential for providing smoking cessation support to disadvantaged smokers. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of smoking, interest in quitting and interest in receiving cessation support amongst clients accessing SCSOs. Clients seeking financial or material assistance from three SCSOs in NSW, Australia, between February and October 2010 were invited to complete a 60-item general health touch screen computer survey. This included questions about smoking status, past quit attempts and interest in receiving support to quit smoking from SCSO staff. A total of 552 clients were approached to participate during the study period, of which 383 provided consent and completed the survey (69% consent rate). Daily smoking was reported by 53.5% of participants. Occasional smoking (non-daily smoking) was reported by a further 7.9% of participants. Most participants had tried to quit smoking in the past (77%) and had made an average of two quit attempts (SD = 3.2) lasting longer than 24 hours in the previous 12 months. More than half of all participants (52.8%) reported that they would like help from SCSO staff to quit smoking. For those interested in receiving help, the preferred types of help were access to free NRT (77%), cash rewards (52%) and non-cash rewards (47%) for quitting, and to receive support and encouragement from SCSO staff to quit (45%). Smoking rates among clients accessing SCSO are substantially higher than the general population rate of 15.1%. A substantial proportion of clients are interested in quitting and want support from the SCSO to do so.

  1. A survey of smoking prevalence and interest in quitting among social and community service organisation clients in Australia: a unique opportunity for reaching the disadvantaged

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Christine

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Social and community service organisations (SCSOs are non-government, not-for-profit organisations that provide welfare services to disadvantaged individuals. SCSOs hold considerable potential for providing smoking cessation support to disadvantaged smokers. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of smoking, interest in quitting and interest in receiving cessation support amongst clients accessing SCSOs. Methods Clients seeking financial or material assistance from three SCSOs in NSW, Australia, between February and October 2010 were invited to complete a 60-item general health touch screen computer survey. This included questions about smoking status, past quit attempts and interest in receiving support to quit smoking from SCSO staff. Results A total of 552 clients were approached to participate during the study period, of which 383 provided consent and completed the survey (69% consent rate. Daily smoking was reported by 53.5% of participants. Occasional smoking (non-daily smoking was reported by a further 7.9% of participants. Most participants had tried to quit smoking in the past (77% and had made an average of two quit attempts (SD = 3.2 lasting longer than 24 hours in the previous 12 months. More than half of all participants (52.8% reported that they would like help from SCSO staff to quit smoking. For those interested in receiving help, the preferred types of help were access to free NRT (77%, cash rewards (52% and non-cash rewards (47% for quitting, and to receive support and encouragement from SCSO staff to quit (45%. Conclusions Smoking rates among clients accessing SCSO are substantially higher than the general population rate of 15.1%. A substantial proportion of clients are interested in quitting and want support from the SCSO to do so.

  2. 高职院校图书馆阅读推广活动开展情况调查研究 ——以常州科教城5所高职院校图书馆为例%Survey Research on the Development Situation of Reading Promotion Activities in the Library of Higher Vocational College ——Taking the Libraries of Five Higher Vocational Colleges in Changzhou Science and Education Town as the Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德桥

    2015-01-01

    通过对常州科教城5所高职院校图书馆阅读推广活动现状的调查,研究了作为阅读推广主体之一的高职院校图书馆在国家大力倡导全民阅读及现代职教加快发展的大环境下开展阅读推广工作的成效与存在问题,为高职院校图书馆阅读推广活动的持续发展提供了参考和借鉴.%Through the survey on the current situation of the reading promotion activities carried out by the libraries of five higher vocational colleges in Changzhou Science and Education Town, this paper studies the working effects and existing problems of the library of higher vocational college,being as one of the main bodies in reading promotion, under the macro-environment of that the country vigorously advocates the reading promotion and the modern vocational education rapidly develops, providing the reference to the sustainable development of the reading promotion activities conducted by the libraries of higher vocational colleges.

  3. 高职生顶岗实习劳动权益受侵表征及救济路径%On the Features of Labor Rights and Interests Damage in Post Practice of Higher Vocational College Students and the Relief Channels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴壁葵

    2016-01-01

    由于高职生在顶岗实习期间“亦工亦学”的身份特征,高职实习生是否与用工单位形成法律意义上的劳动关系难以界定,目前我国《劳动法》等调整劳动关系的法律规范也没有明确高职实习生参与顶岗实习活动的劳动者主体资格,因而保障高职生顶岗实习期间的劳动报酬权、劳动休息权、劳动保障权等劳动权益是全面实现高等职业教育人才培养目标的应有之义。基于现实情况,高职生顶岗实习中权益受侵的救济有两个维度,一是原于公力的救济,即立法救济和司法救济;二是依靠私力的救济,即签订三方实习协议、商业保险的追加、建立劳动权益保障预警机制。%By reason of vocational college student’s employee-student dual identity during post practice, it is hard to define if these interns have established legal employment relationship with the employing units. Current China’s Labor Law and other legal norm for adjusting labor relationship do not give a clear regulation for vocational college student to clear the labor subject qualification during post practice. Hence, how to guarantee vocational college student’s labor rights and interests, such as labor right to labor rewards, right to rest, right of labor insurance, and to provide legal advocacy channels for those being infringed on labor rights is urgent subject for comprehensive realization of particular talent cultivation of higher vocational education. Based on the current state, there are two relief channels: The first is legislative and judicial relief, the second is to sign the tripartite intern agreement, add to commercial insurance, and establish labor rights and interests security and early warning mechanism.

  4. 如何从激发学习兴趣开始培养高职生英语自主学习能力%How to train vocational students the ability of Autonomous Learning by stimulating interests in English learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张靓

    2011-01-01

    如何激发学生的学习兴趣是众多英语教师一直在努力解决的问题,尤其是在高职院校。教师应该从多角度出发提高学生的学习兴趣,充分调动学生的积极性和主动性,从而培养学生自主学习的能力。%How to stimulate students' interests in learning is the problem many English teachers have been trying to solve, especially in the higher vocational colleges. Teachers should improve students' interests in learning from many perspectives,and fully mobilize the enthusiasm and initiative of students,to train students' ability of Autonomous Learning.

  5. Survey and analysis on employment tendency of English major students in higher vocational colleges in Gansu province%甘肃高职英语类专业学生就业倾向调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玲

    2012-01-01

      Based on the survey and interview, the employment tendency of English Major students in higher vocational colleges of Gansu Province has been analyzed. The tendency of taking English teaching as profession and seeking jobs in Gansu Province are influenced not only by the students’ background, but also by traditional concept. Under the fierce job competition, higher vocational colleges should help students change their employment attitudes, make their employment tendency conform to the social and economic development of Gansu Province and create more employment opportunities for them.%  以问卷和访谈形式调查分析了甘肃高职英语类专业学生的就业倾向,以教师职业和省内就业为倾向受生源地和传统观念影响。在就业竞争激烈的形势下,建议高职院校帮助学生积极转变就业观念,拓宽就业渠道,适应地方社会、经济发展

  6. 社会对高职院校毕业生能力需求的调查与分析%Survey of Capacity Requirements of Vocational College Graduates from Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志刚; 陈磊

    2011-01-01

    Surveys of some one hundred employing units show that what enterprises greatly value in vocational college graduates is their professional ethics and dedication and what they eagerly hope is for colleges to make greater efforts to cultivate students' comprehensive abilities and professional skills. 80% employers make a point of recruiting those whose specialty matches the job. Vocational colleges must lay emphasis on education of students' outlook on employment and life, upgrade their professional morality, improve their comprehensive quality and professional skills and broaden school -- enterprise cooperation.%通过对百家用人单位的调查,发现企业在招聘时最看重高职毕业生的职业道德和敬业精神,企业最希望学校能在学生综合素质和专业技能方面加大培养力度。高职院校应加强学生择业观和人生观教育,提高职业道德素养;开展素质拓展,全方位提高学生综合素质;拓宽校企合作空间,提升学生专业技能。

  7. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  8. Empirical Study on Factors Influencing Students’ Learning Quality in Higher Vocational Schools---Based on Survey on Students of Nine Higher Vocational Schools in Tianjin%高职院校学生学习质量影响因素的实证研究--基于对天津九所高职院校学生的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红彩; 王宇苓

    2015-01-01

    Through the survey on factors influencing learning quality with 1500 students of nine higher vocational schools participating in the survey ,it is found that teachers ,students themselves ,edu‐cation and teaching management ,and school support are important factors influencing students’ learn‐ing quality in higher vocational schools .Students’ figurability and psychological basis ,as well as their ways of thinking and learning ,are deep internal factors ,while teachers ,education and teaching man‐agement and school support exert their influence through students themselves .Schools should pay atten‐tion to developing and maintaining students’ confidence in learning and their initiative ,enhancing teachers’ ability of education and teaching and their personal qualities ,creating good learning environ‐ment and atmosphere ,and carrying out specific education for students from different source places and different majors ,so as to effectively improve students’ learning quality in higher vocational schools .%通过对天津市9所高职院校1500名学生学习质量影响因素的调查,发现教师因素、学生自身、教学管理、校园支持,尤其是学生自身是影响高职学生学习质量的重要因素。学生自身的可塑性和心理基础,以及学生的思维方式和学习方式是深层次的内部因素,而教师、教学管理和校园支持都要通过学生自身发挥作用。学校要注重培养和维持学生的学习自信心和主动性,提高教师的教育教学能力和个人素养,营造良好的学习环境和氛围,对于不同生源、不同专业的学生进行有针对性的教育,以有效提高高职学生的学习质量。

  9. Evaluation of transition in Dutch senior secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lazonder, A.W.; Jong, F.P.C.M. de

    1999-01-01

    Survey responses from 55 Dutch agricultural vocational schools show that administrators believe that transition, the ability of students to change between training modes or qualification levels easily, has enhanced the flexibility of the qualification system developed under recent national reforms.

  10. 任务结构情境对领导者职业兴趣与领导有效性关系的作用研究%The Study of the Moderating Effects of Task Structure on the Relationship between Leaders'Vocational Interest and Leadership Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛贤; 宋合义; 陈曦

    2013-01-01

    根据职业兴趣理论与基于情境的领导素质理论,以领导者职业兴趣为自变量,任务结构情境因素为调节变量,领导绩效为因变量,采用多元层次回归的统计方法,考察任务结构情景对中层领导者职业兴趣和领导绩效关系的调节作用。研究结果表明,任务结构对艺术取向、经营取向和研究取向与领导绩效之间的关系有显著的调节作用。在任务结构高的情况下,组织应该优先选拔具有艺术取向或经营取向的个体担任领导者岗位;在任务结构低的情况下,组织应该优先选拔具有研究取向的个体担任领导者岗位。研究表明结合情境因素能更好地解释领导者素质对领导有效性的作用,同时也对领导选拔与实践提出指导建议。%Based on vocational interests theory and traits theory of situational leadership , this paper studied the moderating effects of task structure on the relationship between leaders'vocational interest and leadership performance though the statis-tical method of Hierarchical Multiple Regression by regarding vocational interest of the leader as the independent variable , task structure as moderator , leadership performance as the dependent variable.The results showed that task structure has a significant moderating effects on the relationship between artistic -orientation , business-orientation , research-orienta-tion and leadership performance.In the context of high task structure , the organization should give the artistic orientation or business-oriented individuals priority to be in leader positions;in the context of low task structure , the organization should give the research -oriented individual priority to be a leader.This study showed that situational factor can explain the effects between leader ’ s traits and performance better , which contributes to make some suggestions for the leader -selec-tion and leader -practice.

  11. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  12. Birth Order Effects on Holland Type, Occupational Interests, and Values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartung, Paul J.; Leong, Frederick T. L.; Grotti, Shannon D.; Goh, David; Gaylor, Michael

    This investigation examined in two different samples, whether only children differ significantly from firstborn and later-born children in terms of their vocational personality type as described in Holland's RIASEC model, occupational interests, and work values. Literature on family configuration and vocational behavior is reviewed, and current…

  13. Vocational Teacher Stress and Internal Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Elaine

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 235 Virginia vocational teachers examined 6 internal characteristics that would affect stress: role preparedness, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, illness symptoms, locus of control, and self-esteem. Role preparedness, illness symptoms, and self-esteem were significant contributors in explaining teacher stress. (SK)

  14. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  15. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  16. Students in higher vocational colleges of the sense of social responsibility:investigation report----Based on the survey of 650 undergraduates in 6 Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学生社会责任感现状调查报告--基于在杭六所高职院校650名学生的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓峰

    2014-01-01

    The sense of social responsibility of undergraduates can become a main force of socialism construction personnel, conducive to social development is of great significance. Evaluation of the current situation of the social responsibility of higher vocational students is not a sense of. Taking personal responsibility, sense of responsibility, others the sense of social responsibility and ways of training content, based on the Zhejiang 6 in Hangzhou occupation colleges 650 students in 2013, a preliminary analysis of the survey results, from the self responsibility, responsibility to others, the sense ofsocial responsibility and social responsibility of Higher Vocational Students’ overall evaluation of four aspects of the preliminary statistics and analysis.%高职学生社会责任感的培养对能否成为有利于社会发展的人才、社会主义事业建设的主力军有重大意义。目前对高职学生社会责任感的现状评价不一。以个人责任感、他人责任感、全社会责任感和培养途径为内容,在2013年对浙江6所在杭职业院校650名学生进行调查,对调查结果进行初步分析,从自我责任感方面、他人责任感方面、全社会责任感方面和对高职学生社会责任感总体评价四个方面进行初步统计和分析。

  17. 高职传媒策划专业实习调研报告——以南京城市职业学院为例%Survey report on the internship of media and plan major students in higher vocational education——take the case of Nanjing City Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李跃

    2012-01-01

    重视学生实践能力的培养,为社会经济建设培养生产第一线的高等应用型人才,是高职教育的核心任务。广告类专业作为一门应用性极强的学科,实践教学尤为重要。该调查意在通过对南京城市职业学院在校的传策专业(广告方向)学生的问卷调查,了解广告专业学生对专业实习以及实践教学的态度,并尝试着揭示高职广告教育在专业实践教学方案设计及规划方面存在的部分问题。%The core task of higher vocational colleges is to fix their attention on the training of their students' practical ability and bring to the social and economic construction some high-level talents of applied competence who will work in the forefront of production.As an application discipline,advertising attaches great importance to practice teaching.This investigation,through the survey made on the students of the media and plan major (advertising),intends to find out the attitude of these students towards specialty practice and practice teaching.It also tries to reveal some advertising teaching problems existing in designing the specialty practice teaching program in higher vocation colleges.

  18. Meta-analyses of Big Six Interests and Big Five Personality Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Lisa M.; Rottinghaus, Patrick J.; Borgen, Fred H.

    2002-01-01

    Meta-analysis of 24 samples demonstrated overlap between Holland's vocational interest domains (measured by Self Directed Search, Strong Interest Inventory, and Vocational Preference Inventory) and Big Five personality factors (measured by Revised NEO Personalty Inventory). The link is stronger for five interest-personality pairs:…

  19. 高职院校学生抑郁状况及其影响因素的研究%A survey on the depression prevalence and its influencing factors in vocational college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪仕钢; 姚应水; 祁秦; 黄志伟; 陈燕; 尚效贤; 康耀文; 贺连平; 臧洪艳; 聂淼

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解高职学生抑郁的基本状况,探讨抑郁的相关影响因素.方法:采用方便整群抽样的方法对淮南和芜湖两所高职院校共3 867名高职学生进行问卷调查,主要内容包括一般情况调查表、抑郁自评量表(SDS).结果:本研究显示,高职学生抑郁情绪的检出率为36.0%,不同性别、性格、饮食习惯、社会支持的高职学生抑郁情绪检出率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic回归分析发现,女性、外向的性格、不偏食、较好的社会支持是高职学生抑郁发生的保护因素.结论:抑郁情绪在高职学生中检出率较高.学校应该有针对性地开展高职学生的心理健康教育、危机干预等工作,提高学生的心理健康水平和压力承受能力.%Objective:To investigate the primary status of depression prevalence in students from certain vocational colleges and the influential factors associated with this disorder. Methods: By convenient clustered sampling,we conducted a survey on 3867 students from two vocational colleges in Huainan and Wuhu,Anhui province, through self-written questionnaires that included general demographic information and Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS). Results-. Detectable depressive mood appealed prevalent in 36. 0% of the total participants, and the disorder symptoms were statistically different in respect of dissimilar sexes,personalities,food habits and availability of social supports(P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis suggested that the protective factors for depressive disorders were involved in females,extroverted personalities,food preferences free and a-vailable network of social support. Conclusion: Depressive mood symptoms seem prevalent higher in vocational college students, for which college authorities are advised to supply the students with targeted mental health education and crisis intervention to boost their mental health level and stress tolerance.

  20. Analysis on Vocational Education and Social Mobility of New Generation Migrant Workers:A Case Study of Shijiazhuang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongyan; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Based on survey data of current situations of new generation migrant workers vocational education and its influence on social mobility in Shijiazhuang City, the author believes that there are many drawbacks in vocational education of new generation migrant workers, including low participationt and varied training environment of enterprises. In addition, the influence of vocational education of migrant workers on social mobility is not very satisfactory. Finally, it presents countermeasures for improving vocational education, to promote social mobility of new generation migrant workers.

  1. The Application of Data Mining in the Tracking Survey of Graduates of High Vocational College%数据挖掘技术在高职毕业生跟踪调查中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨克玉; 刘斌

    2014-01-01

    随着职业院校的不断发展以及技术的进步,数据挖掘分析已经在教育行业得到越来越多的应用。利用近几年的毕业生调查数据,经过数据清理及集成,运用EXCEL为数据挖掘分析的工具,采用了关联和聚类算法,找到了毕业生就业规律,相应地提出了提高人才培养质量和就业质量的对策和方法,最终让数据分析的成果为高职院校的改革发展提供了科学的依据。%With the advancement of technology and continuous development of vocational colleges, data mining has been adapt⁃ed more frequently in education. Based on the survey data in recent years, we clear and integrate the data. Applying EXcellto the analysis of data mining and adopting association and clustering algorithm, we find the employment law of graduates. Corre⁃spondingly, we put forward the strategy and method of improving the quality of personnel training and the quality of employ⁃ment so that the result of data analysis can provide scientific gauge for the reformation and development of high vocational colleg⁃es.

  2. 警察类高职大学生心理健康相关因素的调查分析%Survey and Analysis of Mental Health-related Factors in Police Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师玮玮

    2011-01-01

    A questionnaire survey was investigated and analyzed about personality traits,anxiety,depression and other factors that closely related to mental health in police vocational college students.The results shows that: for the police vocational college students of personality characteristics,except there were significant differences between 20-22 years old group and the norm in N(neuroticism) dimension,other dimensions of personality characteristics had no significant differences with the norm;student anxiety detection rate was 17.9 percent,severe depression detection rate was 8 percent;the significantly different of parts of personality characteristics of students and scores of well-being scores was found between the students who whether existing anxiety or in the students who had different levels of depression.%运用问卷调查的方式对警察类高职大学生心理健康紧密相关的人格特征、幸福感、焦虑、抑郁等因素进行调查和分析的结果表明:警察类高职大学生在人格特征方面,除20~22岁组在N(神经质)维度上与常模有显著差异外,其他各维度与常模无显著差异;学生存在焦虑情况的检出率为17.9%,存在重度抑郁情况检出率为8%;有无焦虑状态和不同抑郁水平的学生人格特征部分维度得分及幸福感得分差异显著。

  3. A Survey on the Career Selection Anxiety of Rural Graduates from Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校农村毕业生择业焦虑调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金蓓蕾

    2014-01-01

    为研究高职院校应届农村毕业生择业焦虑的现状、成因及对策,以 SAS 焦虑自评量表和自编问卷为工具,随机抽取5所高职院校应届毕业生447人,调查发现:影响农村毕业生择业焦虑的主要因素是就业环境、职业预期、求职技能,其余依次为职业能力、求职资源、一般能力。据此,提出五点应对策略:加强对农村毕业生就业指导和职业生涯规划教育、择业心理辅导、社会-家庭支持和社会实践与实习指导,以缓解农村毕业生的择业焦虑。%This article randomly selected 447 graduates from 5 higher vocational colleges as subjects by using the SAS Self Rating Anxiety Scale and Self-Questionnaire Survey to study the status, factors and countermeasures of anxiety about career selections of rural graduates in higher vocational colleges. It found that the major factors involve employment environment and occupation expectation, followed by job skills, abilities, job resources and general capabilities. It thus put forward such suggestions as intensifying educational work on employment guidance and career planning, facilitating the mental tutorship for career selections, and making full use of social and family support to relieve rural graduates’ anxiety in career selections.

  4. 中职学生学习情况的调查及思考%Survey and thinking of the learning of the secondary vocational students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓宏霞

    2012-01-01

    Based on the investigation of the learning of the secondary vocational students in the school,this paper analyzes the results of learning motivation,learning psychology and learning method to propose opinions,and explores that the teacher dominance and student-centered teaching principles so that the quality of their majors learn obtaining improving.%以在校中职学生为研究对象,使用问卷调查的方式对在校中职学生学习情况进行了研究分析,着重针对中职生学习动机、学习心理、学习方法等因素的调查结果,提出思考意见,探索以学生为主体,教师为主导,促进和提高他们的专业学习质量。

  5. 高职院校课程考试改革探索%Survey of Examination Reform of Courses for Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶志娟

    2014-01-01

    课程考试改革是高职院校人才培养模式改革的重要内容,目前课程考试存在考试内容过分依附于教材、考核方式过分依赖于笔试、考核能力偏重于记忆力、评价结果过于看重考试的分数等问题,必须树立以能力测试为中心的现代考试理念,构建以职教特色为核心的课程考试体系,完善以服务学生为宗旨的考试管理体制。%The curriculum examination reform is an important part of the mode reform of talent cultiva-tion in higher vocational colleges .At present ,some problems have arisen in the curriculum examination as follows :the content of examination overly depends on textbooks ;the ways of testing overly rely on writ-ten examination ;the testing ability puts more emphasis on students'memory ;the evaluation results focus too much on the marks .As a result ,the authors point out in this paper that the modern examination con-cept centering around skill testing must be set up and the curriculum examination system with the charac-teristic of vocational education must be established to improve the examination management system dedica-ted to serving students .

  6. A Survey on Foreign Language Learning Style among Freshmenin Vocational College%高职新生外语学习风格调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申鑫

    2012-01-01

    本研究通过问卷形式,对155名高职新生的感知学习风格进行调查,以了解学生外语学习风格总体倾向,不同民族、性别、专业及外语学习年限不同学生学习风格的差异,并分析其学习风格与外语学习成绩间的相关性。此研究目的是帮助高职外语教师了解学生感知学习风格偏好,使教师在教学过程中因材施教并指导学生重塑外语学习风格,以便提高高职学生外语学习效率。%This study probes into the perceptional learning style preference of the freshmen in Xinjiang Education Institute. 155 vocational college students were investigated through a questionnaire, with the purpose of exploring their foreign language learning style preference and the learning style differences among nationality groups, sex groups and groups of lon- ger-shorter learning time for foreign language, and analyzing the correlation between their learning style and foreign lan- guage achievement. Based on the investigation results, the paper recommends the foreign language teachers in vocational college teach students in accordance with their learning style and help students remold their learning style to improve their foreign language learning efficiency.

  7. THE EFFECT OF EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION USE ON CONDOM USE: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY AMONG STUDENTS OF JIMMA TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING COLLEGE, JIMMA, ETHIOPIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tesfaye Mohammed

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The effect of a combined message to adolescents of promoting condom use with emergency contraception as back-up is not known. Objective: This study was aimed to assess the effect of emergency contraception use on condom use among students of Jimma Technical and Vocational Training College. Materials and Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted from May-June 2011 on 422 Jimma Technical and Vocational Training College students who were available in the campus compound during data collection period. Data was collected by using self administered structured questionnaire, analyzed using SPSS soft ware version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA. Chi square test was calculated with 95% confidence intervals; Pvalues less than 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Results: Out of 422 respondents, 338 (80.1% have heard about emergency contraceptives and friends were the main sources of information for 169 (50% of respondents. The correct recommended time when to take emergency contraceptive pills after unprotected sexual intercourse were known by 164 (48.6%, whereas 175 (51.8% knew the correct recommend dose and frequency. Condom was used as a preferred method by 327 (77.4% of respondents to prevent unwanted pregnancy due to its double purpose, that is preventing both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Conclusion: The result of this study showed that there was more awareness about condom than ECPS among the respondents and majority of the respondents had positive attitude about condom instead of ECPS because of its double benefit. Whereas partners trust and increase in sexual pleasure were the main reasons to prefer ECPS to condom.

  8. U.S. Geological Survey Subsidence Interest Group conference, Edwards Air Force Base, Antelope Valley, California, November 18-19, 1992; abstracts and summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, Keith R.; Galloway, Devin L.; Leake, Stanley A.

    1995-01-01

    with this unprecedented increase in pumpage, substantial amounts of land subsidence were observed in several areas of the United States, most notably in Arizona, California, and Texas. Beginning in 1955, under the direction of Joseph Poland, the Geological Survey began the "Mechanics of Aquifers Project," which focused largely on the processes that resulted in land subsidence due to the withdrawal of ground water. This research team gained international renown as they advanced the scientific understanding of aquifer mechanics and land-subsidence theory. The results of field studies by members of this research group not only verified the validity of the application of Terzaghi's consolidation theory to compressible aquifers, but they also provided definitions, methods of quantification, and confirmation of the interrelation among hydraulic head declines, aquifer-system compaction, and land subsidence. In addition to conducting pioneering research, this group also formed a "center of expertise," providing a focal point within the Geological Survey for the dissemination of technology and scientific understanding in aquifer mechanics. However, when the "Mechanics of Aquifers Project" was phased out in 1984, the focal point for technology transfer no longer existed. Interest among various state and local agencies in land subsidence has persisted, and the Geological Survey has continued to participate in a broad spectrum of cooperative and Federally funded projects in aquifer mechanics and land subsidence. These projects are designed to identify and monitor areas with the potential for land subsidence, to conduct basic research in the processes that control land subsidence and the development of earth fissures, as well as to develop new quantitative tools to predict aquifer-system deformation. In 1989 an ad hoc "Aquifer Mechanics and Subsidence Interest Group" (referred to herein as the "Subsidence Interest Group") was formed

  9. Vocational Guidance for Everyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Describes some of the current problems of vocational guidance, summarizes relevant knowledge and theory in the field, and offers some practical plans for a coordinated, theoretically compatible group of vocational programs, services, and experiences for a high school. (Author/JM)

  10. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  11. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  12. Relationships between vocational training centres and industrial SMEs in the Basque Country: A Regional Innovation System approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eneka Albizu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this document is to analyse the reach of the relation between vocational training (VT centres and industrial SMEs in the Basque Country (Spain, and its influence on innovation processes developed by companies.Design/methodology/approach: We employ the conceptual framework offered by the Regional Innovation System (RIS perspective and the information supplied, on the one hand, by relevant actors within the vocational training system, through in-depth interviews, and, on the other, by the response of industrial SMEs to a survey.Findings: The results obtained suggest that vocational training centres are an agent of significance within the RIS, contributing through its main lines of action (formal education, continuous training and company services to improving the competitiveness of companies and to stimulating their innovation processes.Research limitations: Although this paper has described the nature of the main mechanisms of relation between VT centres and industrial SMEs, there is a need for ongoing research to analyse the contribution of the educational system to innovation processes in industrial SMEs. For this purpose it would be interesting to measure how the skills of qualified workers and technicians coming from the VT system mesh with company innovation processes.Originality/value: The results of this study highlight a positive relationship between vocational training and innovation.

  13. Gaps in Political Interest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robison, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    sought to measure respondents’ general interest in politics by asking them how often they follow public affairs. In this article, we uncover novel sources of measurement error concerning this question. We first show that other nationally representative surveys that frequently use this item deliver......Political interest fundamentally influences political behavior, knowledge, and persuasion (Brady, Verba, & Schlozman, 1995; Delli Carpini & Keeter, 1996; Luskin, 1990; Zukin, Andolina, Keeter, Jenkins, & Delli Carpini, 2006). Since the early 1960s, the American National Election Studies (ANES) has...... drastically higher estimates of mass interest. We then use a survey experiment included on a wave of the ANES’ Evaluating Government and Society Surveys (EGSS) to explore the influence of question order in explaining this systemic gap in survey results. We show that placing batteries of political...

  14. Methodology for vocational psychodiagnostics of senior schoolchildren using information technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanovskaya, I. M.; Kosheleva, A. N.; Kiselev, P. B.; Davydova, Yu. A.

    2017-01-01

    The article identifies the role and main problems of vocational psychodiagnostics in modern socio-cultural conditions. It analyzes the potentials of information technologies in vocational psychodiagnostics of senior schoolchildren. The article describes the theoretical and methodological grounds, content and diagnostic potentials of the computerized method in vocational psychodiagnostics. The computerized method includes three blocks of sub-tests to identify intellectual potential, personal qualities, professional interests and values, career orientations, as well as subtests to analyze the specific life experience of senior schoolchildren. The results of diagnostics allow developing an integrated psychodiagnostic conclusion with recommendations. The article contains options of software architecture for the given method.

  15. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  16. How to Develop Students' Interest in learning C Language in Higher Vocational Colleges%如何培养高职学生学习C语言的兴趣

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张传学

    2013-01-01

    Beginners generally reflect that the C language is difficult to learn, the students are not interested in this course. The passage is combining several years teaching experience of C language, analyzing the main problems existing in the teaching, and putting forward how to develop students' interest in learning C language, change from passive teaching to active learning.%高职学生(初学者)普遍C语言反映难学,学生对这门课的兴趣并不大,该文结合几年来C语言的教学实践,分析了在教学中存在的主要问题,提出如何培养学生学习C语言的兴趣,变被动教为主动学.

  17. 中职学校计算机课堂教学与学习兴趣调控%Regulating the Computer Classroom Teaching and Learning Interest in Secondary Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海英

    2014-01-01

    要重视对学生兴趣的激发、诱导和培养,使学生将好学和乐学贯穿于计算机课堂教学的始终。%Teachers should pay attention to excite students’interest, stimulate induction and culture,all the students are willing to learn and learn through the computer classroom teaching.

  18. 浅论高职学生英语学习兴趣的培养与课堂活动实践%Discussion about Cultivate the Interests of English-learning of Higher Vocational Students and Classroom Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石燕萍

    2011-01-01

    College students' interest in English learning can be developed through classroom activities. And students' enhanced interest in English learning can promote them to participate in classroom activities. They are mutual beneficial. To foster college students' interest in English learning, teachers should firstly build harmonious rapport with them, design activities based on certain principles and students' actual needs, and provide versatile forms of teaching.%课堂活动能培养学生英语学习兴趣,反之,增强的英语学习兴趣又对学生参与课堂活动起着促进作用。二者相辅相成。培养高职学生的英语学习兴趣,设计课堂活动首先需建立良好的师生关系,为学生参与课堂活动打下良好的基础;其次高职英语课堂,设计活动应以提高学生的交际能力为主线,应始终围绕学生展开,充分考虑学生的需求;最后设计课堂活动,丰富教学形式。

  19. 高职英语教师信息技术素养调查研究%The Survey on ICT Literacy of English Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武晓燕; 凌来芳

    2011-01-01

    In terms of the ICT requirements for English teachers in IT-based education,ICT literacy has become one of the important indicators in teachers' professional development.Therefore,we conducted a survey among some English teachers in higher vocational colleges in Zhejiang Province,with the aim of having knowledge of their ICT literacy,finding out their current problems and putting forward some suggestions.%教育信息化对英语教师的信息技术素养提出了一定的要求,信息技术ICT素养已成为教师专业发展的一个重要指标。针对浙江省高职院校英语教师的信息技术素养现状进行了调查研究,发现其存在的问题并提出了一些针对性建议。

  20. 民办高职院校《职业生涯发展教育课程》的调查与分析%The Survey and Analysis about Career Development Education Course in Private Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付立平; 武桂玲

    2014-01-01

    AbstractCareer development education course is the main channel for students’ career planning and career guidance, which has a profound impact on students’ future career development and employment success.Through the survey found, the career development course of private vocational colleges in Shanghai has a series of problems in course conception, course standardization, teaching content, teaching methods, teaching facultyand etc. In order to optimize teaching level of career development course, teaching authorities should focus on changing the course conception, building a comprehensive course organization and implementation system, building a entire course process model, reformingthe teaching methods and improving the professional level of teachers.%通过调查发现,上海市民办高职院校职业生涯发展教育课程在认知理念、课程规范化、教学内容、教学方法、师资力量等方面存在一系列问题。为了优化职业生涯发展教育课程教学,教学主管部门应着力转变课程的认知理念,建立覆盖全面的课程组织实施体系,构建课程全程化模式,改革教学方法并提升师资的专业化水平。

  1. 民办高职院校《职业生涯发展教育课程》的调查与分析%The Survey and Analysis about Career Development Education Course in Private Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付立平; 武桂玲

    2014-01-01

    通过调查发现,上海市民办高职院校职业生涯发展教育课程在认知理念、课程规范化、教学内容、教学方法、师资力量等方面存在一系列问题。为了优化职业生涯发展教育课程教学,教学主管部门应着力转变课程的认知理念,建立覆盖全面的课程组织实施体系,构建课程全程化模式,改革教学方法并提升师资的专业化水平。%Career development education course is the main channel for students’ career planning and career guidance, which has a profound impact on students’ future career development and employment success.Through the survey found, the career development course of private vocational colleges in Shanghai has a series of problems in course conception, course standardization, teaching content, teaching methods, teaching facultyand etc. In order to optimize teaching level of career development course, teaching authorities should focus on changing the course conception, building a comprehensive course organization and implementation system, building a entire course process model, reformingthe teaching methods and improving the professional level of teachers.

  2. Study on Protection of Rights and Interests for Vocational College Students during Internship%职业院校学生顶岗实习权益保障研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳萍

    2015-01-01

    顶岗实习是职业院校校企合作、工学结合人才培养模式的重要形式。由于立法的缺失,顶岗实习期学生权益受损情况较为普遍,并且权益受损后救济途径不明确,存在法律适用的困惑和归责的障碍。为有效保障学生顶岗实习权益,首先要加强立法保护,其次是构建全新的学生顶岗实习权益保障制度,包括建立实习劳动基准制度、完善实习指导制度、健全实习劳动伤害事故的法律保护制度、推行实行协议制度、建立实习监督机制。%Internship is an important form of talent training mode of school -enterprise cooperation and the occupation -study combination. It is very common for the internship students to face the violation of rights and interests due to the lack of legislation, unclear relief channel after violation, and the confusion for law application and the obstacles of imputation as well. To effectively protect students’ rights and interests, the legislative must be strengthened firstly; and secondly new regulations must be set up to protect students’ rights and interests, including building internship labor standard system, perfecting internship guidance system and the legal protection system of internship labor injury accidents, implementing protocol system, and establishing internship supervi⁃sion mechanism.

  3. Reducing Sex Bias in Interest Measurement at the Item Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunneborg, Patricia W.

    1980-01-01

    Compared Vocational Interest Inventory and Unisex versions of ACT Interest Inventory. Sex-restrictive results occurred. Women preferred Service and Artistic areas, and men Technical, Outdoor, and Scientific areas. Biggest challenge to reducing sex bias in interest tests appears to be women's attraction to People and aversion to Things. (Author/BEF)

  4. 高职民航专业学生英语学习现状调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis on the Present Situation of English Learning for the Students Majoring in Civil Aviation of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃和莉

    2014-01-01

    高职民航专业学生的英语学习有着特殊性,既要以英语语言知识为基础,又要满足行业英语的特点。国内外针对民航专业学生英语学习现状研究的并不是很多。通过对正德职业技术学院民航专业学生学习动机、策略、对课堂和英语考级的评价四个方面调查,发现了存在的问题并给出了相关建议。%English learning is quite particular for the students majoring in Civil Aviation of higher vocational college, which should be based on the language points, and put emphasis on vo-cational English as well. Furthermore, there aren't many surveys on the present situation of English learning. Thus a thorough sur-vey on learning motivation, learning strategy, evaluations on Eng-lish class and Preto-3 and Cet-4 training was carried out among the students majoring in Civil Aviation in Zhengde Polytechnic College. The paper reveals the existing problems and gives in-sights on the English teaching for Civil Aviation students in high-er vocational college.

  5. A Survey on Vocational College Students' Learning Motivation Based on School-Based Study%基于校本研究的高职学生学习动力调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王喜红

    2012-01-01

    Online questionnaires are used to research the three aspects of learning self-efficacy, learning motivation and learning condition satisfaction of vocational college students. 414 valid questionnaires have been recovered. The results indicate that some students have good efficacy and motivation, clear goals, serious attitudes, and know how to make good use of existing resources, whereas other students have low self-assessment, lack clear learning goals, pursue pure after-learning materials, and cannot be motivated by the intrinsic meaning of knowledge itself. It is here suggested that Vocational colleges should pay attention to students' positive motivation, improve teaching assisting conditions, increase specialty experiments to cultivate students' interest and strengthen internship and practice to help the students form their orofessional accomplishments%在网上用问卷的方式对高职学生的学习自我效能、学习动机和对学习条件的满意程度等三个方面进行调查,收回有效答卷414份。结果显示:部分学生的学习效能感和动力良好,有明确目标,有认真的态度,懂得善加利用现有资源;部分学生自我评价偏低,缺乏明确的学习动机。单纯追求学习后物质结果,不能被知识本身的内在意义所激励。建议高职院校注意培养学生积极的学习动机,改善学校教学辅助条件,增加专业实验以培养兴趣,加强实习和实践以形成专业成就感。

  6. Genetic interest assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doughney, Erin

    Genetics is becoming increasingly integrated into peoples' lives. Different measures have been taken to try and better genetics education. This thesis examined undergraduate students at the University of North Texas not majoring in the life sciences interest in genetic concepts through the means of a Likert style survey. ANOVA analysis showed there was variation amongst the interest level in different genetic concepts. In addition age and lecture were also analyzed as contributing factors to students' interest. Both age and lecture were evaluated to see if they contributed to the interest of students in genetic concepts and neither showed statistical significance. The Genetic Interest Assessment (GIA) serves to help mediate the gap between genetic curriculum and students' interest.

  7. Teaching Practice Exploration of Motivating Higher Vocational College Students' Study Interests in English Class%激发高职学生英语学习兴趣之探索——英语课堂教学心得

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建苗

    2011-01-01

    In view of the present situation where many students lack a good foundation of English and have very little enthusiasm for the language,this article puts forward some practical teaching methods so as to motivate students' interests in English learning and%本文针对高职学生英语基础薄弱,对英语的学习缺乏兴趣、学习积极性不高这一现状,经过几年实践教学,总结出一些心得,旨在激发学生学习英语的兴趣,提高学习的积极性。

  8. STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT VOCATIONAL CHOICES. A DESCRIPTION OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN, II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ABE, CLIFFORD; HOLLAND, JOHN L.

    THE AMERICAN COLLEGE SURVEY WAS USED TO ASSESS 12,432 COLLEGE FRESHMEN FROM 31 INSTITUTIONS ON 43 SCALES. FOR EACH VOCATION SELECTED BY 10 OR MORE STUDENTS, THE MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION WERE COMPUTED FOR 117 STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS. THE VOCATIONS WERE CATEGORIZED INTO 13 AREAS, AND SUMMARIES OF STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN EACH AREA WERE…

  9. Examining Differences between Light and Heavier Smoking Vocational Students: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araujo, Vanessa A.; Loukas, Alexandra; Gottlieb, Nell H.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine differences between light and heavier smoking vocational/technical students in tobacco use, related behaviors, and cessation. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting and Methods: Two hundred and four smokers attending two vocational/technical colleges in east Texas, USA, completed an anonymous survey during a regularly scheduled…

  10. The Role of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohiwerei, Franklin Ohiole; Nwosu, Basil Ogomeziem

    2013-01-01

    The researchers tried to ascertain the role of vocational and technical education in the Nigeria economic development using historical survey in analyzing the views of various academic authors in an attempt to inform researchers' on current issues on the field. The research reveals that there was a defect in the curriculum of vocational and…

  11. The Role of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohiwerei, Franklin Ohiole; Nwosu, Basil Ogomeziem

    2013-01-01

    The researchers tried to ascertain the role of vocational and technical education in the Nigeria economic development using historical survey in analyzing the views of various academic authors in an attempt to inform researchers' on current issues on the field. The research reveals that there was a defect in the curriculum of vocational and…

  12. Barriers to participation in vocational orientation programmes among prisoners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorien Brosens

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the barriers to prisoners’ participation in vocational education, as well as the predictors of different types of barriers. Survey data derived from a project in a remand prison in Belgium (N=468 provided the empirical evidence for the analyses. The results indicate that facing situational and informational barriers are most common. Based on the different kinds of barriers, various types of non-participants can be distinguished and multinomial logistic regression analyses are conducted to identify in what way participants of vocational education differ from various types of non-participants. For instance, prisoners with a poor understanding of the Dutch language and those who never/rarely receive visitors participate less in vocational education as they are more likely to be confronted with informational barriers. We conclude this article by discussing paths for future research and implications for policy and practice to anticipate the barriers for those who want to participate in vocational education.

  13. Remembering Donald G. Paterson: Before the Separation between Industrial-Organizational and Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdheim, Jesse; Zickar, Michael J.; Yankelevich, Maya

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the disconnect between industrial-organizational (I-O) and vocational psychology in the context of Donald Paterson's career, an applied psychologist who bridged both disciplines. Paterson's interests in "both" vocational guidance and personnel selection suggest that these fields are interwoven, despite the prevailing gap…

  14. Holland's Vocational Models: A Study of Work Groups and Need Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacey, David W.

    1971-01-01

    This study investigated: (1) the concurrent validity of Holland's theory for employed men; and (2) the pattern of needs associated with occupations exemplifying each of Holland's models. Five vocational scales distributed eight work groups, representative of each of Holland's vocational models, in a comparable fashion according to their interests.…

  15. Vocationalism in Higher Education: Explanations from Social Theory. ASHE Annual Meeting 1980 Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roemer, Robert E.

    Three social theories (status-competition theory, functionalism, and legitimation theory) are considered as explanations of a growing vocationalism in higher education. Vocationalism is used to refer to an increasing interest among undergraduate students in pursuing studies that lead directly to occupational competence. Status-competition theory…

  16. The Study of English Teaching Methods in Secondary Vocational School Based on the Role Letter's Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕政凤

    2013-01-01

    Secondary vocational school students is different from ordinary high school students and university students ,especially in the aspect of English teaching and learning .In view of the special career orientation of secondary vocational school education. English teaching methods in secondary vocational schools should have more practical and targeted. Used the Role Letter ’s Thera-py in English teaching can help students develop interest in learning English and learning initiative consciousness. In this paper I will talk about the important of the Role Letter's Therapy in English teaching of Secondary vocational school ,and how to use it.

  17. Handbook on Marketing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, William R.

    Compiled after interviews with vocational educators at urban and rural joint vocational schools, comprehensive high schools, and career centers considered to be successful at marketing vocational education locally in Ohio, this handbook contains information on successful marketing activities that other local educators can undertake. Section I…

  18. Dropout in vocational education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    For the last ten years drop out of vocational education has increased strongly in Denmark. Only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme on upper secondary level, complete it. Like in other European countries the low completion rates has caused considerable alarm on the political...... level (Lamb and Markussen 2011). Continuing high dropout rates will make it very hard for the government to reach its target for educational completion, and the government has launched a series of measures to increase retention including the obligation for all colleges to make plans for retention...

  19. SURVEY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SURVEY er en udbredt metode og benyttes inden for bl.a. samfundsvidenskab, humaniora, psykologi og sundhedsforskning. Også uden for forskningsverdenen er der mange organisationer som f.eks. konsulentfirmaer og offentlige institutioner samt marketingsafdelinger i private virksomheder, der arbejder...... med surveys. Denne bog gennemgår alle surveyarbejdets faser og giver en praktisk indføring i: • design af undersøgelsen og udvælgelse af stikprøver, • formulering af spørgeskemaer samt indsamling og kodning af data, • metoder til at analysere resultaterne...

  20. Measurement of Vocational Personality Theory in Light of Holland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdogan Tezci

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the current study is to examine the reliability and validity of a 55-item vocational interests scale prepared in light of Holland’s theory. According to Holland, there are six personality types in the workplace: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. People’s vocational personality is measured by looking at their vocational interests in this theory. 310 pre-service teachers from there departments including chemistry education, computer education/instructional technology and music education participated in the study. Results, in general, supported the premises of Holland’s theory. Although the results of confirmatory factor analysis supported the construct validity of the scale, 8 items possessed poor psychometric properties. As expected, there were significant differences among the pre-service teachers in these departments in terms of their vocational interests. The results of correlation and multi-dimensional scaling analyses produced contradictory results with the Holland’s hexagon. Although the propositions of Holland’s theory is not fully supported in the current study, we believe that our scale can be utilized confidently as an instrument to measure people’s vocational personality and help them to choose a career that fits their personality.

  1. Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory (3IP): A New Validation Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerchi, Diego; Magnano, Paola

    2015-11-01

    Interests have been a central focus of counselling psychology (and vocational psychology in particular) for over 100 years. The awareness of professional interests increases self-knowledge and provides occupational information. In career counselling, vocational interests are assessed more frequently than any other vocational construct, though early evaluations (before 13 years old) of professional interests are very rare. The aim of this research is to examine the 3IP construct (Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory; an inventory composed of 65 stylised pictures that represent people in the act of performing a job) in depth, testing more models in addition to the 19 vocational areas proposed in the 3IP manual. Results show that most of the vocational areas can be grouped into 4 second-level areas ("things", "people", "leisure", and "culture"). Moreover, Holland's RIASEC model is tested; an accurate selection of items reveals that this model works well using 24 specific jobs. The research concludes that the inventory has good psychometric qualities which can grow further by mean of the increasing, in a targeted way, of the number of jobs.

  2. Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory (3IP: A New Validation Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Boerchi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Interests have been a central focus of counselling psychology (and vocational psychology in particular for over 100 years. The awareness of professional interests increases self-knowledge and provides occupational information. In career counselling, vocational interests are assessed more frequently than any other vocational construct, though early evaluations (before 13 years old of professional interests are very rare. The aim of this research is to examine the 3IP construct (Iconographic Professional Interests Inventory; an inventory composed of 65 stylised pictures that represent people in the act of performing a job in depth, testing more models in addition to the 19 vocational areas proposed in the 3IP manual. Results show that most of the vocational areas can be grouped into 4 second-level areas (“things”, “people”, “leisure”, and “culture”. Moreover, Holland’s RIASEC model is tested; an accurate selection of items reveals that this model works well using 24 specific jobs. The research concludes that the inventory has good psychometric qualities which can grow further by mean of the increasing, in a targeted way, of the number of jobs.

  3. Vocational choices made by alumni of the Leadership Program for Veterinary Students at Cornell University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, David R.; Parker, John S. L.; McGregor, Douglas D.

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To compare vocational aspirations and outcomes of participants in the 10-week Leadership Program for Veterinary Students at Cornell University. DESIGN Survey. SAMPLE Veterinary students who participated in the program between 1990 and 2013. PROCEDURES Questionnaires that sought information about the career aspirations of participants at the beginning and end of the program were reviewed, along with records documenting the career progression of participants, audio recordings of interviews conducted with students, and notes of vocation-oriented counseling sessions held during each year’s program. RESULTS At the conclusion of the program, 143 of 174 (82%) participants indicated they were more likely than not to undertake research training after completing their veterinary degree, compared with 106 of 174 (61%) at the beginning. Participation also stimulated interest in residency training and industry, but did little to promote interest in careers in government or the military. The percentage of participants who indicated they were more likely than not to pursue additional training in private practice decreased from 97 of 174 (56%) at the beginning of the program to 75 of 174 (43%) at the end. Information on career progression was available for 391 individuals, of whom 177 (45%) were pursuing careers of the kind envisioned by the program. However, 189 (48%) participants had a career in general or specialty clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE The Leadership Program appeared to have a short-term influence on careers anticipated by program participants. However, a substantial proportion pursued careers in clinical practice after graduation. PMID:27654162

  4. Vocational choices made by alumni of the Leadership Program for Veterinary Students at Cornell University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, David R; Parker, John S L; McGregor, Douglas D

    2016-10-01

    OBJECTIVE To compare vocational aspirations and outcomes of participants in the 10-week Leadership Program for Veterinary Students at Cornell University. DESIGN Survey. SAMPLE Veterinary students who participated in the program between 1990 and 2013. PROCEDURES Questionnaires that sought information about the career aspirations of participants at the beginning and end of the program were reviewed, along with records documenting the career progression of participants, audio recordings of interviews conducted with students, and notes of vocation-oriented counseling sessions held during each year's program. RESULTS At the conclusion of the program, 143 of 174 (82%) participants indicated they were more likely than not to undertake research training after completing their veterinary degree, compared with 106 of 174 (61%) at the beginning. Participation also stimulated interest in residency training and industry, but did little to promote interest in careers in government or the military. The percentage of participants who indicated they were more likely than not to pursue additional training in private practice decreased from 97 of 174 (56%) at the beginning of the program to 75 of 174 (43%) at the end. Information on career progression was available for 391 individuals, of whom 177 (45%) were pursuing careers of the kind envisioned by the program. However, 189 (48%) participants had a career in general or specialty clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE The Leadership Program appeared to have a short-term influence on careers anticipated by program participants. However, a substantial proportion pursued careers in clinical practice after graduation.

  5. Survey on psychosomatic symptoms and analysis of relevant factors among nursing students from a vocational college%高职护理学生心理健康现状调查及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连燕舒; 汪平

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解高职护理学生心理健康状况及其影响因素,为高职院校开展学生心理干预工作提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法对1 087名高职护理学生进行症状自评量表(symptom checklist 90,SCL-90)和自编问卷调查.结果 高职护理学生各因子得分与全国常模的差异均有统计学意义,躯体化、强迫、精神病性因子得分低于江苏省大学生常模,而恐怖因子得分高于江苏省大学生常模.五年制高职护理学生的躯体化、敌对、妄想因子得分高于三年制护理高职生,差异有统计学意义.调查共发现高职护理学生任一因子得分≥3分的心理异常者111人,检出率为10.21%.多因素非条件Logistic回归分析显示,心理异常与年级和专业满意度有关.结论 在高职院校学生管理中应加强心理健康教育,尤其是针对专业课程较重的二年级学生和专业思想不稳定的学生进行重点教育.%Objective To analyze the psychosomatic symptoms and related factors in nursing students from a voca-tional college. Methods Cluster random sampling method was taken in selecting 1 087 nursing students, they were asked to compelete Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and related factors survey. Results The SCL-90 factor scores of nursing students were significantly higher than Chinese norms (P<0.05). Their scores of sompulsive, hostility, delusion were significantly higher than Jiangsu norm. Their phobic anxiety was lower than Jiangsu norm, three factor scores of five-year students were significantly higher than three-year students (P<0. 05). The detection rate of positive factor in SCL-90 was 10.21 %. Logistic regression analysis showed that psychosomatic of nursing students was influenced by grade and ma-jor satisfaction. Conclusions The vocational college should implement mental health education of nursing students and the targeted preventive interventions should be taken based on the influencing factors.

  6. Enhancing Job Satisfaction Perspectives: Combining Holland Themes and Basic Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rottinghaus, Patrick J.; Hees, Charles K.; Conrath, Julia A.

    2009-01-01

    Investigations addressing the match between vocational interests and satisfaction have emphasized higher-order dimensions (e.g., Holland themes) and specific occupational scales. Although support exists at these levels of analysis for the hypothesis that congruence between interests and work environments yields satisfaction, limitations of these…

  7. Development of a Navy Job-Specific Vocational Interest Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    repair Electronic Systems Electronics principles Electronics schematics Solid state physics Troubleshooting electronics systems Repair...conditioning systems Heating systems Refrigeration Compressors Ductwork Boilers Furnaces Electronics Systems Electronics principles Electronics

  8. Queries, Influencers and Vocational Interests of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woal, S. Theodore

    1974-01-01

    The study, based on questionnaire results from 207 ninth grade students, investigates: student familiarity with occupations; influencers of their tentative occupational choices; post high school plans; and student queries and concerns pertinent to preparation for entry into a job. (MW)

  9. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  10. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  11. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  12. Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaista MAJID

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to designing a model of vocational training programs for disables. For this purpose desk review was carried out and the vocational training models/programs of Israel, U.K., Vietnam, Japan and Thailand were analyzed to form a conceptual frame work of the model. Keeping in view the local conditions/requirements a model of vocational training program was proposed. The proposed model involved the vocational training plan for the job of cashier for mild group, receptionist for moderate and computer operator for severe group. It specified the type of disability as well involved in the training plan. The model recommended the vocational training of three levels of disability; mild, moderate and severe irrespective to the type. The model consisted of details of structure, objectives, professional support involved, vocational training plan and syllabus/activities, evaluation and on job training etc. International practices regarding VT mixed with the national existing situations were critically analyzed during desk review and finally a plan of VT for disables was proposed. A survey was conducted via a questionnaire to get opinion of the heads and senior vocational instructors of Federal Government vocational training and rehabilitation centers for PWDs. The collected data was statistically analyzed to quantify the suggestions on proposed model. The major findings included that all stakeholders considered VT helpful in rehabilitation of PWDs. All heads and vocational instructors are willing to adopt this model, minimum or no extra funds are needed in its implementation, the vocational teacher employed in the centers can easily manage to adopt this model at their centers because no extra training is required for the staff and they all endorse the VT plan proposed in this model. A vocational training model is required to reduce socio-economic gap and to set professional standards by developing human resources trained in trades. The

  13. Vocational services for traumatic brain injury: treatment definition and diversity within model systems of care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Tessa; Dijkers, Marcel; Fraser, Robert; Cicerone, Keith; Bogner, Jennifer A; Whyte, John; Malec, James; Waldron, Brigid

    2006-01-01

    To examine characteristics and diversity among vocational treatment services in model programs for traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation. Vocational or postacute treatment components of 16 TBI Model System (TBIMS) centers. Vocational director/coordinator from each TBIMS surveyed in semistructured phone interview. Survey of vocational services for people with TBI, with about 100 closed and open-ended questions on vocational assessments; pre- and postjob placement treatments; program philosophies; funding; and integration of cognitive, behavioral, family, and medical rehabilitation interventions. Great diversity was found among the vocational services of the 16 TBIMS. Programs fell into 3 clusters emphasizing medical rehabilitation services, supported employment, or a combination of these with an emphasis on case management. Job coaching was identified as a key intervention, but there was great variability in intensity, availability, and funding of coaching services. Diversity in vocational services appears related to funding differences and "parallel evolution" rather than strong treatment philosophy or scientific evidence base. Multicenter research on effectiveness or establishment of best practices in vocational rehabilitation after TBI must deal with substantial existing variability in treatment models and specific interventions, and must examine the relationship of treatment variations to case-mix factors.

  14. The Survey on Students’Food Safety Quality in Higher Vocational College and the Educational Situation:Taking the students of Yantai Vocational College as an Example%关于高职学生食品安全素养及其教育现状的调查--以烟台职业学院学生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏学超; 闫乃鹤

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the students'quality of food safety,the investigation is intended for higher vocational college students.Based on the investigation,the paper analyzes the food safety quality of higher vocational college students,and points that higher vocational college students have much concern about the food safety,but their awareness of food safety needs to be further improved.Their way of acquiring infor-mation on food safety is distinctive,therefore,the food safety education to vocational students need to re-spect and follow their rules.%针对提高食品安全素养问题,展开了以高职院校学生为对象的调查研究。在调查基础上,分析了高职院校学生群体的食品安全素养状况,指出高职生对食品安全的关注度较高,但食品安全意识有待进一步提高,其获取食品安全信息的途径有自身特点,因此,对其进行食品安全素养教育,也要遵循其特点和规律。

  15. The Roles and Functions of Vocational Education: Some Current Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratzner, Frank C.; Russell, Jill Frymier

    This report examines information from a broad base of literature and research and from three Delphi surveys of the views and opinions of small, highly select groups of knowledgeable educational leaders in order to highlight a number of key issues and arguments related to the appropriate roles and functions of public vocational education. It…

  16. Vocational Indecision in College Graduates. Educational Assessment Center Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunneborg, Patricia W.

    This study compared 127 vocationally undecided college graduates matched by sex, age, and major with graduates who had selected an occupation on a Survey of Graduating Seniors. Undecideds had a significantly lower GPA than decideds, intended noncareer activities following graduation, less often were going to graduate school, and were far less…

  17. Discussion on Development and Suggestion of National Surveying Mapping and Geographic Information Industry Vocational Skills Competition%对全国测绘地理信息行业职业技能竞赛活动开展的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨本廷

    2015-01-01

    In order to promote highly skilled workers development in surveying mapping geographic information in-dustry,the National Surveying Mapping Geographic Information Bureau ,Human Resources and Social Security Ministry , the ACFTU and the CYL Central Committee have co-sponsored the national surveying mapping geographic information industry vocational skills competition three times .It provided an opportunity for the majority of young surveyors to show-case their talents and abilities .The competent authority , surveying units and surveyors attached great importance to and actively participates in the event .In this paper ,the first three national surveying mapping geographic information industry vocational skills competition were summarized and reviewed .Meanwhile,according to the author ’ s own experience,he made recommendations for Surveying Mapping Geographic Information Industry Vocational Skills Competition .%为了推进测绘地理信息行业高技能人才队伍建设,国家测绘地理信息局先后联合人力资源和社会保障部、中华全国总工会、共青团中央共同主办了三届全国测绘地理信息行业职业技能竞赛,为测绘行业广大青年职工提供了展示才华和能力的机会,行业主管部门、各测绘单位及测绘人员对此竞赛活动高度重视并积极参与。本文对前三届全国测绘地理信息行业职业技能竞赛进行了总结与回顾。同时,作者根据自身的工作经验,对测绘地理信息行业职业技能竞赛提出了建议。

  18. 高职非英语专业开设《英美概况》课程分析%On a Public Elective Course--A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for Non-English Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges --From Perspective of Theory of Motivation in Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水英

    2011-01-01

    The establishment of a public elective course A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for non-English majors in higher vocational colleges is essential : it helps to better the existing English teaching for non-English majors in higher vocational colleges ; it helps to strengthen the students' ability of cross-cultural communication and it corresponds with the actual teaching schedule for these students. The current study combines Wallace Lambert and Robert Gardner' s classification of motivation and Dornyei' s three-level framework of motivation in foreign language learning and analyzes how to motivate the non-English majors in higher vocational colleges in the teaching of A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries from three perpectives : the Language Level, the Learner Level and the Learning Situation Level.%将《英美概况》列入高职非英语专业的公共选修课,有利于增强高职学生的外语兴趣,有利于提升高职学生的跨文化交流能力。如何在高职非英语专业中展开《英关概况》教学,建议借鉴外语学习动机理论从语言、学习者、学习情境等三个层面来激发学生学习外语的热情和兴趣。

  19. On a Public Elective Course—A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for Non-English Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges%试论高职非英语专业开设《英美概况》课程——从外语学习动机理论的角度来分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈水英

    2011-01-01

    First,the paper discusses the necessity of the establishment of a public elective course A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries for non-English majors in higher vocational colleges.It is very important to motivate those students in the teaching of the new course.Thus the paper then puts forward some suggestions on how to motivate the non-English majors in higher vocational colleges in the teaching of A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries,based on Wallace Lambert and Robert Gardner's classification of motivation and Dornyei's three-level framework of motivation in foreign language learning.%首先,本文试图去探讨在高职非英语专业开设公共选修课《英美概况》课程的必要性。接着综合应用了Wallace Lambert和Robert Gardner关于外语学习动机的分类理论和Dornyei有关外语学习的三层外语学习动机理论,对在高职非英语专业《英美概况》教学中如何激发学生的学习动机,提出了一些具体的建议。

  20. A Vocational Calling: Exploring a Caring Technology in Elderly Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Nicoll, Katherine

    2010-01-01

    In this article we explore the relationship of care of a group of health care workers in elderly care, through their descriptions of themselves and their work. We have an interest in how relationships of care may be explored and characterised in and across disparate vocational settings. This is a critical response to policy discourses of…

  1. Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Approaches to Job Development. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipsen, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies provide a range of services to help people with disabilities become employed. How services are delivered, however, depends on several factors including client interests and abilities as well as economic opportunities within the local community. For better or worse, rural and urban clients face vastly…

  2. Oversight Report on Nontraditional Vocational Training for Female Inmates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State House of Representatives, Tallahassee.

    In January 1993, Florida's Correctional Education School Authority (CESA) studied the vocational interests of 125 randomly selected female inmates at the 3 female state correctional facilities in Florida. After two additional informal studies, an interim oversight review was conducted to determine the following: whether CESA was in compliance with…

  3. Effects of Orientations to Happiness on Vocational Identity Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschi, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    There is an increased interest in vocational psychology and career counseling regarding the link between career development and well-being, yet, little is known about how different ways to achieve well-being or happiness relate to career development. This study explored the relationship between 3 orientations to happiness (meaning, pleasure, and…

  4. 审视与探索:高职院校特色文化建设的可循之道%Survey and Exploration: The Way of the Cultural Construction with Characteristic in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾亮

    2012-01-01

    China's higher vocational education has changed from scale development to connotation development in the new period. It's significant to set up brand effects of higher vocational colleges and enhance their core competitiveness under the guidance of focusing on the quality of higher vocational education. Culture, as the key to enhance the competitiveness of higher vocational colleges and a soul to promote their connotation development,should possess its own characteristics in order to effectively promote the development of higher vocational educa- tion. the effective ways of cultural comtmction with characteristics in vocational colleges include: return to the unity of the construction of mate- rial culture and spiritual culture, focus on the supreme characteristic of cultural construction and humanities education,emphasize the cultural education, strengthen the integration of regional cultures, and focus on fostering an entrepreneurship culture so as to improve the cultural strength and establish the brand of higher vocational colleges.%中国的高等职业教育已经进入了由规模发展转向内涵发展的新时期。在注重高等职业教育质量发展的引导下树立高职院校的品牌效应和增强核心竞争力显得尤为重要,文化作为提高高职院校核心竞争力和促进内涵发展的灵魂载体,应该形成一定的特色才能有效推动高等职业教育的和谐发展。高职院校特色文化建设的有效途径包括:回归物质文化建设与精神文化建设的统一,注重文化建设中的高等性,注重人文教育,强调文化育人功能,加强与地域性文化的融合,注重创业文化的培育,从而提高自身文化实力以塑造高职院校的品牌。

  5. Making the Case for Specialized Caseloads among Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors Working with Ex-Offenders: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates-Maves, Julie K.; O'Sullivan, Deirdre

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This article outlines findings from a sample of 137 vocational rehabilitation counselors regarding their stigmatizing attitudes, burnout levels, work experience, caseload composition, and working alliance with clients who have a range of disabilities and a criminal history. Method: Electronic surveys were sent to vocational rehabilitation…

  6. Status of Teaching Pre-Vocational Subjects in the Junior Secondary School Level (Agricultural Science and Home Economics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndem, J. U.; Akubue, B. N.

    2016-01-01

    This work assessed the status of teaching pre-vocational subjects in junior secondary school level. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The population of the study was 2,916, while the sample for the study was 215 pre-vocational teachers and agricultural science and home economics students. The study was carried out in Afikpo Education…

  7. 五年制高职生英语学习策略调查——以常德职业技术学院为例%A Survey on English Learning Strategies of 5-year Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴银红

    2010-01-01

    Using "the valuable diagnostic tool" Strategy Inventory for Language Learning(SILL) proposed by Oxford, this paper coducts a statistics analysis on the 5-year vocational college students' language learning strategies. By comparing the differences of strategies using between 5-year vocational college students and university students, the characteristics of 5-year vocational college students' strategies using have been pointed out. 5-year vocational college students'learning strategies using is in medium level. They use social strategies most frequently and affective stategies least frequently. The greatest difficulty in their English learning is vocabulary learning. The study also finds that there are no significant gender differences of their learning strategies. Finally, the appropriate English learning strategies for 5-year vocational college students have been highlighted.%本文根据Oxford编制的语言学习策略量表(SILL),对五年制高职学生的英语学习策略进行统计分析.通过比较五年制高职生和大学生以及普通高职生在学习策略使用上的差异,发现五年制高职学生的总体策略使用水平较低,使用最多的是社交策略,最少的是情感策略.他们英语学习最大的困难在于词汇量的贫乏,五年制高职学生的学习策略没有明显的性别差异,指出适合5年制高职学生的英语学习策略.

  8. Ophthalmic surgical training in Karnataka and Southern India: Present status and future interests from a survey of final-year residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Ajay

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Settings and Design: This study documents a survey of final-year ophthalmology postgraduates on the subject of their surgical training and their future plans after residency. Purpose: This survey aimed to answer the question, "What is the present status of surgical training in ophthalmic training centers?" by obtaining information from students about (1 various methods used in surgical training (2 numbers and types of surgeries performed by them in the training centers (3 their plans after residency. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire containing 21 questions was distributed to 155 students attending an intensive 4-day teaching program. The questions related to orientation training, wet lab training, facilities for training, free surgical camps and detailed information about numbers and types of surgeries observed and performed. Completed questionnaires were collected, and responses analyzed. Results: One hundred and seven completed responses were analyzed. The majority had not received formal orientation training. More than half had undergone wet lab training. Most residents performed their first ophthalmic surgery during the 1 st year of residency and went to the operation theatre multiple times a week. Most of the students planned to undergo further training after residency. More than half of the students found their surgical training to be fair or satisfactory. Conclusions: The number and frequency of ophthalmic surgeries done by residents appear satisfactory, but further efforts from trainers on enhancing the quality and range of surgical training would benefit students and improve their satisfaction.

  9. Forecasting Interest Rates and Inflation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chun, Albert Lee

    the best overall for short horizon forecasts of short to medium term yields and inflation. Econometric models with shrinkage perform the best over longer horizons and maturities. Aggregating over a larger set of analysts improves inflation surveys while generally degrading interest rates surveys. We...

  10. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  11. The role and meaning of vocations in the transition from education to work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    complex, and with growing problems of dropout and low retention rates. Secondary vocational education and training based on a Dual System and occupational labour markets are generally noted for having low levels of youth unemployment and a smooth transition to work. This is assumed to be an effect...... of the central institution of this regime, the vocation (‘Beruf') that provides a close link between education and work and a specific form of socialisation to working life. The Danish system of VET is based on this type of transition regime. Still the drop out rate of secondary vocational education has remained...... discusses some of the properties of this regime and reports the results of two studies on school to work transition that have followed the former vocational student 6 years after they completed their educations. A special interest was given to the role of vocations both considered as social institutions...

  12. Support from Teachers and Trainers in Vocational Education and Training: The Pathways to Career Aspirations and Further Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Claudia; Stalder, Barbara E.; Tschan, Franziska; Häfeli, Kurt

    2014-01-01

    Transition from school to work is a challenging period for young people with learning difficulties. In the dual vocational system of Switzerland, teachers at vocational educational and training (VET)-schools, as well as trainers at VET-companies, provide important support. We were interested in the different pathways from this support to…

  13. Vocational Rehabilitation for Postsecondary Programs That Serve Students Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing. PEPNet Tipsheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faver, Edward

    2011-01-01

    The public Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) program provides services to individuals with disabilities who need help to qualify for, find, or keep a job that is consistent with their strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, interests, and informed choice. This paper provides information on vocational rehabilitation for postsecondary…

  14. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  15. Legal Scholarship as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, David

    2001-01-01

    Explores the more purely theoretical side of the legal scholar's vocation, using Max Weber's text on the scholar's role titled "Science as a Vocation." Discusses the consequences of the tension between law schools' generalist "pretensions" and increasingly specialist character, and Weber's fact/value distinction. (EV)

  16. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of…

  17. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of people,…

  18. Vocational Indecision and Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Assessed the vocational decision-making problems of rehabilitation clients (N=60). Revealed that decision-making problems of clients can be grouped into three areas: employment readiness, self-appraisal, and decision-making readiness. Suggested that vocationally decided and undecided subjects differ significantly in the extent to which they have…

  19. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  20. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  1. First Job Search of Residents in the United States: A Survey of Anesthesiology Trainees' Interest in Academic Positions in Cities Distant from Previous Residences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, Franklin; De Oliveira, Gildasio S; McCarthy, Robert J

    2016-01-15

    We surveyed anesthesiology residents to evaluate the predictive effect of prior residence on desired location for future practice opportunities. One thousand five hundred United States anesthesiology residents were invited to participate. One question asked whether they intend to enter academic practice when they graduate from their residency/fellowship training. The analysis categorized the responses into "surely yes" and "probably" versus "even," "probably not," and "surely no." "After finishing your residency/fellowship training, are you planning to look seriously (e.g., interview) at jobs located more than a 2-hour drive from a location where you or your family (e.g., spouse or partner/significant other) have lived previously?" Responses were categorized into "very probably" and "somewhat probably" versus "somewhat improbably" and "not probable." Other questions explored predictors of the relationships quantified using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (area under the curve) ± its standard error. Among the 696 respondents, 36.9% (N = 256) would "probably" consider an academic practice. Fewer than half of those (P job applicant is whether the applicant or the applicant's family has previously lived in the area.

  2. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  3. Relationship between anticipatory socialization experiences and first-year veterinary students' career interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kedrowicz, April A; Fish, Richard E; Hammond, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to explore first-year veterinary students' anticipatory socialization-life, education, and social experiences that assist in preparation for professional occupations-and determine what relationship exists between those experiences and career interests. Seventy-three first-year veterinary students enrolled in the Careers in Veterinary Medicine course completed the Veterinary Careers survey. Results show that students' anticipatory vocational socialization experiences are significantly related to their stated career interests. The career interests with the highest percentage of students expressing "a great deal of interest" included specialty private practice (37%), research and teaching in an academic setting (33%), and international veterinary medicine (31%). The career interests with the highest percentage of students expressing "no interest at all" included the military (50%), equine private practice (42%), and the pharmaceutical industry (41%). Less than half of the students (42%) stated that they reconsidered their career path after the first semester of veterinary school, but the majority (87%) developed a better understanding of how to pursue a nontraditional career path should they choose to do so.

  4. U.S. Geological Survey Subsidence Interest Group Conference; proceedings of the Technical Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada, February 14-16, 1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, Keith R.; Leake, Stanley A.

    1997-01-01

    Introducation to Papers: This report is a compilation of short papers that are based on oral presentations summarizing the results of recent research that were given at the third meeting of the Subsidence Interest Group held in Las Vegas, Nevada, February 14?16, 1995. The report includes case studies of land subsidence and aquifer-system deformation resulting from fluid withdrawal, geothermal development, and mine collapse. Methods for monitoring land subsidence using Global Positioning System technology for the rapid and accurate measurement of changes in land-surface altitude also are described. The current status of numerical simulation of land subsidence in the USGS is summarized, and several of the short papers deal with the development and application of new numerical techniques for simulation and quantification of aquifersystem deformation. Not all oral presentations made at the meeting are documented in this report. Several of the presentations were of ongoing research and as such, the findings were provisional in nature and were offered at the meeting to stimulate scientific discussion and debate among colleagues. The information presented in this report, although only a subset of the proceedings of the meeting in Las Vegas, should help expand the scientific basis for management decisions to mitigate or control the effects of land subsidence. The short papers describing the results of these studies provide a cross section of ongoing research in aquifer mechanics and land subsidence and also form an assessment of the current technology and 'state of the science.' The analytical and interpretive methods described in this report will be useful to scientists involved in studies of ground-water hydraulics and aquifer-system deformation.

  5. English Teaching Strategies Research——Based on the Vocational High School Art Students’ Learning Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun; Jianxia

    2014-01-01

    Diagnosing learners’ learning style is meaningful for "student一centered" teaching mode and individualized teaching.But the teaching strategies based on the students’ learning style should gain the same attention.Seldom do researchers regard vocational high school art students as their subjects.Using Reid’s Perceptual Learning Style Survey as the research instrument, this paper viewed vocational high school art students as the subjects; the purpose is to find some effective strategies to teach art students of vocational high school well.

  6. English Teaching Strategies Research--Based on the Vocational High School Art Students’Learning Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Jianxia

    2014-01-01

    Diagnosing learners' learning style is meaningful for “student-centered” teaching mode and individualized teaching.But the teaching strategies based on the students' learning style should gain the same attention.Seldom do researchers regard vocational high school art students as their subjects.Using Reid’s Perceptual Learning Style Survey as the research instrument, this paper viewed vocational high school art students as the subjects;the purpose is to find some effective strategies to teach art students of vocational high school well.

  7. 高职医学院校大学生学习动机的现状调查%Survey on the Learning Motives of Students in Medical Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔冠宇

    2012-01-01

    1029 subjects from three medical vocational colleges in Henan Province were surveyed to find out about their learning motives by means of the Working Motivation Inventory (WMI). The results showed that: (1) in term of gender difference regarding intrinsic motives, the male subjects are significantly lower than the females in dimension of the learning enthusiasm, and their scores too are obviously lower than that of their female peers when tested by the intrinsic motive WMI; as for extrinsic motives, the males scored much less than the females in terms of the dependence on others' evaluation, the choice of simple tasks, and extrinsic motives WMI test, yet they showed a greater concern in the pursuit of returns than the females. (2) in term of grade difference, significant differences are found in dimensions of the extrinsic motives like the dependence on others' evaluation and the choice of simple tasks and extrinsic motives WMI test scores; (3) On the difference of only-child and non-only-child students, the only-child students scored a lot higher marks than the non-only-child students in terms of the learning enthusiasm and the intrinsic motives WMI test; as for the extrinsic motives, the only-child students give a much poorer performance in dimensions of dependence on others' evaluation, the choice of simple tasks, and the extrinsic motive WMI test score.%以河南省某地3所高职医学院校的1029名大学生为被试,运用学习动机量表(WMI)进行调查研究.结果表明:(1)在性别比较上,在内生动机上,男生在热衷性维度得分显著低于女生,在内生动机分量表上得分也显著低于女生;在外生动机上,男生在依赖他人评价、选择简单任务和外生动机分量表上得分均显著低于女生,但在追求回报维度上得分显著高于女生.(2)在年级比较上,在内生动机的挑战性和热衷性两个维度的得分上均存在显著差异;在外生动机的依赖

  8. Vocational behavior analysis in psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Estrella LÓPEZ PÉREZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The European Higher Education Area (EHEA is supporting gain relevance of vocational guidance into the frame of University Education. In order to a better planning of this guidance we need to know his contents evaluating student vocational interests of each center. The aim of the study is to analyze the indicators of Psychology students vocational behavior and his evolution and comparing those results with data of another students population. Methodology. The 329 psychology students participants from the University of Salamanca (248 in the second year and 81 in the fifth answered the questionnaire of university biodata (Rocabert, 2005. In all cases we took a significance level of ? = 0.05 carrying out samples comparison tests using U de Mann-Whitney techniques and contingency analysis. Results: The present study found significant differences between second and fifth psychology grade students and with general university population data collected by Rocabert, Descals and Gomez (2007. In general, psychology students begin their degrees with a high level interest and motivated; they are making decisions based on the academic specialty they want to work in. However, for last year students group (fith year students we detected a lower satisfaction in their studies, more difficulties in deciding what they want to do and a greater demand of information in order to choose the advisablest option for them. Conclusions. Despite the high motivation of psychology students, the nearer is his integration into the job market the higher is the need of guidance to help them to take decisions concerning specialization or the professional world.

  9. Surveying and Thinking of College English Teaching in Vocational Colleges from Angles of Students and Teachers —Taking Wuhan Vocational College of Software and Engineering as an Example%教学主体和教学主导双重视角下的高职公共英语教学调查及思考——以武汉软件工程职业学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王九程

    2012-01-01

    本研究以同一份问卷,调查教学主体(学生)和教学主导(教师)对高职公共英语教学的意见,对调查结果进行了对比、思考,总结了口语学习、自主学习、教学评价等6个方面的情况,并就深化公共英语教改,加快教师自我发展、口语教学等方面提出了举措和见解。%By means of the same questionnaire,the research surveys students' and teachers' opinions on College English teaching in vocational colleges,compares and thinks about the results,and makes a summary of such six aspects as oral learning,autonomous learning,and teaching evaluation.Finally,the paper puts forward its measures and thinking on how to deepen teaching reform of College English,accelerate teachers' self-development,improve oral teaching and so on.

  10. An Educational–Vocational Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalervo Friberg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Changes in student-affective entry characteristics were examined in an educational−vocational intervention at Finnish comprehensive school. The conceptual framework constructed from attitudes as learned dispositions (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975 and self-determination (Deci & Ryan, 1985 was tested in a longitudinal study. A person-based survey questionnaire was designed, piloted, and validated. Spearman−Brown reliability was calculated. In the first observation, 669 (Time One Cohort, and in the second, 649 (Time Two Cohort subjects (girls and boys of mean ages of 14.5 and 16.0 years took the Web-based survey. The tested hypotheses were (a variables of self-determination, self-regulation, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation would emerge as attitudinal domains in work−life orientation; (b the experiences during the implementation of a work−life orientation program would decrease the effects of seventh-grade student background factors at the end of the program in the ninth grade, and (c work−life orientation would be effective and have efficacy in changing student attitudes in relation to further education and occupations. Three factors emerged in the Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis. The factors Independence, Self-Direction, and Flexibility were used as the dependents in repeated measures in a general linear model. The factor means were subjected to a paired samples t test. There was development toward stronger Independence and Flexibility in the case of both genders. The boys had gained the girls’ seventh-grade lead at the end of the program. Self-Direction did not show any changes. Empirical findings tentatively supported the program’s efficacy in changing entry characteristics.

  11. 高师化学学生学习兴趣的调查与分析%Survey and Analysis on the Learning Interest of Higher Normal Students Majoring in Chemistry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡益强

    2014-01-01

    Through a survey on freshmen, sophomores and juniors majoring in chemistry education from seven universities in Hu'nan, this paper studied chemistry students' recognition on the importance of chemistry, their learning interest at the high school stage, their learning interest at the university stage, and the cur-rent situation of their love for chemistry, aiming to learn about the current situation of higher normal students' interest in chemistry learning, and provide basis for the improvement of chemistry teaching quality.%通过对湖南七所高校大一、大二、大三化学师范专业的学生进行调查,研究高师化学学生对化学学科的重要性认识、中学阶段的学习兴趣、大学阶段的学习兴趣、现阶段对化学的喜爱程度等状况,旨在了解高师化学学生学习兴趣的现状,为提高化学教学质量提供依据。

  12. Escalas de interesses vocacionais (EIV: construção, validade fatorial e consistência interna Escalas de intereses vocacionales (EIV: construcción, validad factorial y consistencia interna Vocational interests scales (VIS: construction, factorial validity and internal consistency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antônio Pereira Teixeira

    2008-03-01

    escalas para discriminar grupos-criterio. Por lo tanto, hay evidencias de que el instrumento propuesto es válido y fidedigno, pudiendo ser utilizado en futuras investigaciones.An instrument to assess six dimensions of vocational interests, namely, Realistic (R, Investigative (I, Artistic (A, Social (S, Enterprising (E and Conventional (C is established. Items generated to evaluate the proposed dimensions were applied to university and high school students, comprising 857 valid protocols. Principal components analysis was conducted to select the best items. A six component solution compatible with theoretical expectations was obtained for 48 items (6 for each dimension. Reliability estimates (Cronbach's alpha for the scales were: R (0.83, I (0.79, A (0.78, S (0.85, E (0.74, and C (0.80. Separate analyses with university and high school students showed similar results. Mean comparison between contrasting pairs of university courses for each dimension showed that scales may discriminate criterion groups. Results indicate that the instrument is valid and reliable, and may be used in future research.

  13. The Use of Telecommunication to Deliver Services to Rural and Urban Vocational Rehabilitation Clients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipsen, Catherine; Rigles, Bethany; Arnold, Nancy; Seekins, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunication offers a cost-saving alternative to face-to-face vocational rehabilitation (VR) service delivery, yet little is known about the current use. This article describes findings from an exploratory survey of 1,187 counselors, representing 13 VR agencies across the United States. The online survey explored agency, counselor, and client…

  14. The Use of Telecommunication to Deliver Services to Rural and Urban Vocational Rehabilitation Clients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipsen, Catherine; Rigles, Bethany; Arnold, Nancy; Seekins, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunication offers a cost-saving alternative to face-to-face vocational rehabilitation (VR) service delivery, yet little is known about the current use. This article describes findings from an exploratory survey of 1,187 counselors, representing 13 VR agencies across the United States. The online survey explored agency, counselor, and client…

  15. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  16. Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel

    2011-01-01

    maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

  17. Survey of Army Personnel Interested in Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-01

    Demographic prof’de CurrentActive Army Personnel rent Teachers Actie - ifl~ = -Employment Active Actve Active Outside Army Officers Enlted Educaion Base: 607...Base: 607 345 206 301 1144 2380 0^ PA Desire to work with young people 71 69 70 64 70 78 Value or significance of education in society 69 68 68 75

  18. [Relevance of Personality Factors for Successful Vocational Rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arling, V; Slavchova, V; Knispel, J; Spijkers, W

    2016-02-01

    The Main purpose of vocational rehabilitation is occupational reintegration of clients into the job market who have lost their job or whose job is threatened because of a handicap or chronicl illness. With regard to existing evidence for the relevance of personality factors for work performance and job achievement, the present study investigated the influence of participants' personality factors on a successful reintegration after a retraining program in a vocational training center over 2 years. A central research objective was to identify prognostic personality factors for successful vocational integration. In this longitudinal study 15 vocational training centers participated at 3 time points of measurement (T1, T2 and T3). Data gathering was based on rehabilitants' self-reports (standardized questionnaires: SVF, BSW, SPR, CSES) about personality aspects. First data collection started at the beginning (T1) and a second survey was conducted at the end of the training 2 years later (T2). Based on the data at measurement points T1 and T2, 4 prognostic models were computed (binary logistic regression analysis) and evaluated, examining the differenzial influence of several scales and items on direct reintegration after completing the vocational retraining and reintegration status 6 months later (T3). As expected, different variables turned out to be relevant for occupational integration at the end of the training program and 6 months later. Correspondingly other variables appeared to be relevant for occupational reintegration at T1 and at T2. At the end of the vocational training program, approximately 24% of the participants had a job. With respect to direct reintegration, regression analysis revealed that vocational self-efficacy (R(2)=0,175) and self-evaluation were relevant (R(2)=0,383). Approximately 70% of the participants had gotten a job 6 months later. Several stress coping strategies (R(2)=0,170), estimation of the own reintegration prognosis and aspects

  19. An Identification and Analysis of the Existing Needs for Teacher Aides in Programs of Vocational Education in Agriculture and a Suggested Program for Teacher Aide Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durkee, James R.

    This study identified and analyzed the various aspects of the responsibilities and education of teacher aides assigned to work in programs of agricultural vocational education. Vocational agricultural teachers, high school administrators, and state supervisors of agricultural education in the United States were surveyed to obtain information on…

  20. Exploring Vocational Evaluation Practices following Traumatic Brain Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI face many challenges when attempting to return to work (RTW. Vocational evaluation (VE is a systematic process that involves assessment and appraisal of an individual’s current work-related characteristics and abilities. Objective. The aims of this study are to (1 examine demographic and employment characteristics of vocational rehabilitation providers (VRPs, (2 identify the specific evaluation methods that are used in the VE of individuals with TBI, and (3 examine the differences in assessment method practices based upon evaluator assessment preferences. Methods. This exploratory case study used a forty-six-item online survey which was distributed to VRPs. Results. One hundred and nine VRPs accessed the survey. Of these, 74 completed the survey. A majority of respondents were female (79.7%, Caucasian (71.6%, and holding a master’s degree (74.3%, and more than half (56.8% were employed as state vocational rehabilitation counselors (VRCs. In addition, over two-thirds (67.6% were certified rehabilitation counselors (CRCs. Respondents reported using several specific tools and assessments during the VE process. Conclusions. Study findings reveal differences in use of and rationales for specific assessments amongst VRPs. Understanding VRP assessment practices and use of an evidence-based framework for VE following TBI may inform and improve VE practice.

  1. Emotional competence (intelligence) and vocational choice among candidates for the ordained ministry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Richard A; Mortensen, Ralph A; Gorsuch, Richard L; Malony, H Newton

    2013-01-01

    This research examined the ways in which vocational interests of United Methodist candidates for ordained ministry are related to Emotional Competence (EC) as measured by Inventory of Religious Activities and Interests (IRAI) ministry interests and 16PF personality scales. Results show two primary clusters of ministry interests that are related to EC. Recommendations include ways that supervisors, mentors, and pastor-staff-parish relations committees can use this information to enable pastors to grow in their EC skills.

  2. Vocatives and discourse markers in textualinteractive grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Penhavel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the class of Vocatives and the class of Discourse Markers as proposed within Textualinteractive Grammar, and we try to demonstrate that Vocatives can work as Discourse Markers.

  3. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  4. 高等职业学校商务英语专业学生实习就业意向调查、分析及对策——以扬州商务高等职业学校2011级商务英语专业实习生为视角%Survey,Analysis and Countermeasures of Vocational Schools Business English Specialty Students’ Internship Employment Intentions: Based on Survey of Students of Business English Specialty of 2011 in Yangzhou Vocational Business College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕燕

    2012-01-01

    For learning the employment intentions of intern of Business English specialty, the author takes interns of Business English specially of 2011 in vocational school, and makes an investigation on it. The result shows that their employment orientation is not accurate enough, career expectations are unrealistic, entrepreneurial spirit is not enough, interest for the profession is not enough, and puts forward the measure such as adjusting Business English talent training programs, improving the confidence of student's employment, changing the concept of student's employment, carrying out entrepreneurship education, strengthening employment guidance, to achieve successful employment.%为了解商务英语专业实习生就业意向,本人对扬州商务高等职业学校2011级商务英语专业实习生进行调查,并对调查结果进行分析和探讨,发现学生就业定位不够准确,职业期望不切实际,创业精神不够,对所学专业兴趣不够,并提出调整商务英语人才培养方案,提高学生就业信心,转变学生就业观念,开展创业教育,加强就业指导,实现顺利就业的对策.

  5. EDITORIAL: Interesting times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson Honorary Editor, Ken

    1996-01-01

    `May you live in interesting times' - old Chinese curse. First, many thanks to John Avison, the retiring Honorary Editor, for his hard work over the last five years, and the steady development in style and content under his stewardship. I can only hope to live up to the standards that he set. The next five years will take us into a new millenium, an event preceded - in England and Wales at least - by a period of stability, reflection and consolidation in education. Or so we are told - but whether such a self-denying ordinance will actually be maintained by the Government both before and after an election in 1997 remains to be seen. Nevertheless, we shall be thankful for any mercies, however small, that permit forward thinking rather than instant response. One of the things that readers of a journal called Physics Education should be thinking about is the continued decline in the numbers of students studying physics post-16. This is not a purely local phenomenon; most European countries are finding a similar decline. There are exceptions, of course: in Scotland numbers studying physics for Highers are increasing. Is such a decline a good thing or a bad thing? Only a minority of post-16 physics students go on to use the bulk of what they have learned in further studies or vocations. Does a knowledge and understanding of physics contribute to the mental well-being and cultural level - let alone material comfort - of any except those who use physics professionally? Is physics defensible as a contribution to the mental armoury of the educated citizen - compared with chemistry, biology - or Latin, say? Or should one rephrase that last question as `Is physics as we teach it today defensible...?' Such questions, and many others no doubt, may well be in the mind of the new Curriculum Officer appointed by the Institute of Physics `to engage in a wide-ranging consultation throughout the entire physics community on the nature and style of post-16 physics programmes, with a

  6. Vocational Education and Equality of Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Benjamin; Feinberg, Walter

    1990-01-01

    Examines the concepts of equality of opportunity and equality of educational opportunity and their relationship to vocational education. Traces the history of vocational education. Delineates the distinction between training and education as enumerated in Aristotelian philosophy. Discusses the role vocational education can play in the educative…

  7. Connecting Mathematics Teaching with Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalby, Diane; Noyes, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    For many vocational students in England, mathematics is now a compulsory part of their programme, yet the inclusion of an academic subject within a vocational course presents challenges. In this paper, an analysis of a series of case studies of vocational student groups in Further Education colleges in England shows how contrasting practices in…

  8. Vocation as the Quest for Authentic Existence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kenneth B.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the concept of vocation and demonstrates that vocation is the organizing, existential principle of the concept of work. Presents a critical examination of Green's (1968) delineation of job and work and asserts that vocation as the quest for authentic existence is the unifying concept that gives grounding to Green's notion of work. (NB)

  9. Availability and Utilization of Ict Facilities for Teaching and Learning of Vocational and Technical Education in Yobe State Technical Colleges.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. V.V Apagu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the availability and utilization, the benefits and challenges of ICT facilities in teaching and learning vocational and technical education in Yobe state technical college. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The study revealed that ICT facilities were lacking in technical colleges. Teachers and Students exposure to ICT facilities was low. The study revealed that some of the benefits of using ICT in technical college include making teaching and learning interesting; helping teacher to be up to date in enhancing the quality of work of both teachers and students. Despite these benefits, the study revealed some of the challenges facing ICT as: irregular power supply; inadequate computer literate teachers; inadequate ICT facilities. It was therefore, recommended that Yobe state government should increase the funding of education sector to cater for ICT programme in technical colleges and there should be periodic training for teachers on ICT computer skills acquisition.

  10. Introduction of a Quality Management System for Vocational Education and Training in Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Podařil

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the quality of vocational education, school, teaching and learning of students should be in the interests of all participants in the education process. The quality of secondary school is the critical element in enhancing the attractiveness of vocational education in Slovakia. Finding an offcial scale that would provide such a information in Slovakia is unfortunately impossible. There is no system for evaluating the quality of vocational education and training (VET at vocational schools. There are no clearly defined criterias, rules or any standards. Speaking of an assessing the level of quality of vocational education on the base of existing outcomes in formal education such as monitoring, final exams, graduation exams is resulting in one-sided evaluation and does not address the systematic coherence and complexivity of this issue. An essential step os to create a functional system of evaluation of VET in Slovakia. The article describes importance of VET which can play a central role in preparing young people for work, developing the skills of adults and responding to the labour market needs of the economy and presents the project Model of the quality evaluation of vocational education and training at secondary vocational schools in Slovakia that is currently ongoing on many secondary vocational schools in western Slovakia and Austria. The aim of the project is to develop and apply an open, flexible and adaptable quality management system. The article not only presents indicators for evaluation but also the way how can be evaluated each of them. The effort of this project is also to create specialized portal with support services that provide transparent, clear and specific information from this area of interest. The introduction of the evaluation framework, the selection of indicators that take established criteria into consideration and assembling of the scale is therefore more than relevant and required

  11. Dialectical roots for interest prohibition theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Bergstra

    2011-01-01

    It is argued that arguments for strict prohibition of interests must be based on the use of arguments from authority. This is carried out by first making a survey of so-called dialectical roots for interest prohibition and then demonstrating that for at least one important positive interest bearing

  12. Abnormalities of Behaviour and Experience in Vocational Education – A Study using the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Stein

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent epidemiological studies show that mental disorders in children, adolescents and young adults are vastly spread and cover a wide range. But concerning the sector of vocational education, there are still only a few findings to this matter. Based on an initial survey (Stein & Ebert, 2010, this article presents findings of a new study gathering data on behavioural abnormalities of young people being in vocational preparation and vocational training. The data was received by questioning teachers and trainers as well as learners themselves. The „Teacher’s Report Form“ (TRF und the „Youth Self Report“ (YSR were applied to a rather large sample in a special needs vocational school and a cooperating vocational centre. The study reveals findings concerning rates of disorders, dominant problem areas, gender-specific differentiation, correlation of diagnosed special needs with the syndrome-scales, occurrence of specific abnormalities in different fields of vocational learning from different perspectives, and cross-informant agreement. These findings are being discussed on the basis of the current situation in vocational education and vocational rehabilitation.

  13. Strategies for Translating Vocative Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga COJOCARU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the linguistic and cultural elements of vocative texts and the techniques used in translating them by giving some examples of texts that are typically vocative (i.e. advertisements and instructions for use. Semantic and communicative strategies are popular in translation studies and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages in translating vocative texts. The advantage of semantic translation is that it takes more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, while communicative translation attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original text in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. Focus is laid on the strategies used in translating vocative texts, strategies that highlight and introduce a cultural context to the target audience, in order to achieve their overall purpose, that is to sell or persuade the reader to behave in a certain way. Thus, in order to do that, a number of advertisements from the field of cosmetics industry and electronic gadgets were selected for analysis. The aim is to gather insights into vocative text translation and to create new perspectives on this field of research, now considered a process of innovation and diversion, especially in areas as important as economy and marketing.

  14. Career Management Skills Among Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Normah; Yamin, Azlin; Maarof, Rosmawati

    2017-08-01

    Career management skills are important elements that should be present in each individual, because career selection process is crucial for school leavers. The phenomenon of students who are less knowledgeable about career at the end of school is among the main reasons they choose a career that does not fit. The situation is very worrying and poses various negative implications such as work stress and frequent swapping of jobs. In fact, research has found that most vocational students have a low level of career management. Therefore, this study is aimed to identify career management skills that students possess. The research design was a survey using a quantitative approach with a number of samples, n = 480. Data was analysed using statistical software, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The results show that students’ overall career management skills are moderate. To develop human capital with the right competence, career management skills are critical requirements that can fill the gaps in industry.

  15. The Role of Vocational Education and Training in the Labour Market Outcomes of People with Disabilities. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polidano, Cain; Mavromaras, Kostas

    2010-01-01

    Low levels of education generally among people with a disability is one of the factors contributing to their lower rate of labour market participation. What role vocational education and training (VET) plays in ameliorating this is the focus of this report. Using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia surveys, the report…

  16. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  17. Achievement Motivation and the Vocational Development of Adolescent Women: A Review and Application of Achievement Motivation Research to Vocational Development Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celkis, Ruta

    Achievement motivation research provides a basis for understanding the processes by which socialization into stereotypical feminine roles shapes the educational and vocational aspirations of adolescent women. Young women are socialized to be interested in pleasing others, motivated to achieve in traditionally feminine areas, and fearful of success…

  18. Do Interests and Cognitive Abilities Help Explain College Major Choice Equally Well for Women and Men?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passler, Katja; Hell, Benedikt

    2012-01-01

    The present study examines whether vocational interests, measured by Holland's RIASEC model, and objectively assessed cognitive abilities, were useful in discriminating among various major categories for a sample of 1990 German university students. Interests and specific abilities, in combination, significantly discriminated among major categories…

  19. An Exploration of Adult Career Interests and Work Values in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tien, Hsiu-Lan Shelley

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between vocational interests and work values among 206 adults in Taiwan. The instruments were the Career Interest Inventory developed based on Holland's RIASEC typology and the Work Value Inventory developed based on Super's theory. The results of multivariate analysis of variance…

  20. The Rehabilitation Counselor Scale: A New Scale for the Revised Strong Interest Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leierer, Stephen J.; Strohmer, Douglas C.; Blackwell, Terry L.; Thompson, Richard C.; Donnay, David A. C.

    2008-01-01

    The vocational interests of rehabilitation counselors were explored by developing an occupational scale for the "Strong Interest Inventory, Revised Edition" (SII; 2004). A sample of 414 rehabilitation counselors who were satisfied with rehabilitation counseling as their profession completed an experimental version of the SII. Based on these data,…

  1. Career Interests and Self-Estimated Abilities of Young Adults with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Sherri; Unkefer, Lesley Craig; Cichy, Bryan Ervin; Peper, Christine; Juang, Ju-Ping

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to ascertain vocational interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities of young adults with disabilities. Results showed that young adults with both low incidence and high incidence disabilities have a wide range of interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities that are comparable to those in the general…

  2. A Survey Research on the Use of English TV Plays in Extracurricular Autonomous Learning of Non -English Major Students in Higher Vocational Colleges---Taking Nanjing Institute of Railway Technology as an Example%英文电视剧在高职高专非英语专业学生课外自主学习中的应用调查研究--以南京铁道职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭祯; 王凯莉

    2016-01-01

    本研究通过问卷和座谈会调查了解了高职高专非英语专业学生课外应用英文电视剧自主学习英语的情况,探讨了如何利用英文电视剧进行有效的课外英语自主学习,并建议为高职高专学生建立以英文电视剧作为英语学习资料的手机客户端。%The research contains a questionnaire survey and an interview survey to learn the use of English TV plays in extra-curricular autonomous learning of non -English major students in higher vocational colleges.It discusses the effective ways of using English TV plays in extracurricular English autonomous learning and suggests that a mobile application should be built which uses English TV plays as English learning material for students in higher vocational colleges.

  3. Vocational teachers and the notion of ’good teaching’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Jensen, Lars Bang

    of the respective teachers. Our research interest becomes the specific role of the vocational teachers and how they see ‘good teaching practice’. We draw upon Bourdieu’s notion of habitus, and doxa to understand the various positions and arguments the teachers explicit in their description of good teaching...... and the connected advanced pedagogical training, meant to improve their teaching (Bourdieu, 1977, 1998). Through such an investigation we potentially outline the problematic and forces connected to implementing a general pedagogical training across various vocational- and professional forms of habitus and connected...... by Bourdieu’s praxeology. The ethnographic inspired design uses documentary analysis, observations and focus group interview (Barbour 2007). The central data will be focus group interviews collected in November 2015. The interview question relates to change in the teachers teaching as a practice. In the paper...

  4. Vocational perspectives and neuromuscular disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andries, F; Wevers, CWJ; Wintzen, AR; Busch, HFM; Howeler, CJ; deJager, AEJ; Padberg, GW; deVisser, M; Wokke, JHJ

    1997-01-01

    The present study analyses the actual occupational situation, vocational handicaps and past labour career of a group of about 1000 Dutch patients suffering from a neuromuscular disorder (NMD). On the basis of the likelihood of a substantial employment history and sufficient numbers of patients, four

  5. Vocationally Oriented Language Learning Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Karin; Kantelinen, Ritva

    2013-01-01

    Vocationally oriented language learning (VOLL) is often seen as a part of English for Specific Purposes/Language for Specific Purposes (ESP/LSP), which it is not in every case. The diverging characteristics and lines of development that these two branches of ELT have undergone are outlined and contrasted. Then, a discussion of the added value of a…

  6. Interest rate derivatives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svenstrup, Mikkel

    This Ph.D. thesis consists of four self-contained essays on valuation of interest rate derivatives. In particular derivatives related to management of interest rate risk care are considered.......This Ph.D. thesis consists of four self-contained essays on valuation of interest rate derivatives. In particular derivatives related to management of interest rate risk care are considered....

  7. Vocational teachers and the notion of ’good teaching’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Jensen, Lars Bang

    2016-01-01

    lines of education. Vocational teachers thus hail from a diverse range of vocational- and educational backgrounds and experience. The pedagogical course envisioned as a universal pedagogical training thus has an intrinsic problematic when facing the differentiated background and vocational training...

  8. Problems in Employment Trend of Higher Vocational Graduates and Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Jianhua; Sheng, Zhichong

    2011-01-01

    Based on analyzing the regional character of higher vocational graduates employment, this paper analyzes the reasons for this employment trend, advances relevant countermeasures for employment of higher vocational graduates, and explores the direction for higher vocational graduates employment.

  9. Calling, Vocational Development, and Well Being: A Longitudinal Study of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Manuel, R. Stephen; Borges, Nicole J.; Bott, Elizabeth M.

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated the relation of calling to the vocational development and well-being of a sample of medical students. Students were surveyed at two time points: prior to beginning the first year of medical school and prior to beginning the third year of medical school. At each time point, calling moderately correlated with positive…

  10. Examining the Role of Transformational Leadership in Technology Adoption: Evidence from Bruneian Technical & Vocational Establishments (TVE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyal, Afzaal H.

    2015-01-01

    This pioneering study discusses the thirty-five Bruneian technical & vocational institutions of top management (principals, deputy principals, senior masters, ICT coordinators and technical administrators) leadership style with the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The study uses a survey approach further to…

  11. Experiences of Rural Vocational Rehabilitation Clients Who Leave the System Prematurely: A Qualitative Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigles, Bethany; Ipsen, Catherine; Arnold, Nancy; Seekins, Tom

    2011-01-01

    Vocational rehabilitation (VR) clients who leave the system prematurely experience worse employment outcomes than clients who stay in services. The authors conducted this study to learn about factors leading to premature exit by rural VR clients. Results will inform survey development for a large longitudinal study on this topic. The authors…

  12. Vocational Training in India and the Duality Principle: A Case for Evidence-Based Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrotra, Santosh; Kalaiyarasan, A.; Kumra, Neha; Ravi Raman, K.

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the notion of the duality principle, as embodied in the German dual system of Vocational Education and Training (VET), within the context of a field survey of skill shortages faced by German and Indian firms operating in India. The study finds that these firms experience problems with the quantity and quality of skills…

  13. Calling, Vocational Development, and Well Being: A Longitudinal Study of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Manuel, R. Stephen; Borges, Nicole J.; Bott, Elizabeth M.

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated the relation of calling to the vocational development and well-being of a sample of medical students. Students were surveyed at two time points: prior to beginning the first year of medical school and prior to beginning the third year of medical school. At each time point, calling moderately correlated with positive…

  14. The Influence Personality and Leader Behaviours Have on Teacher Self-Leadership in Vocational Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Glenn; Kiffin-Petersen, Sandra; Soutar, Geoffrey

    2012-01-01

    Teacher self-leadership includes a set of individual cognitive and behavioural strategies that, when practised together, can lead to improved performance. This study examines the influence personality and leader behaviours have on teacher self-leadership in a vocational education and training setting. Survey data from 418 teachers from an…

  15. The Role of Vocational and Technical Education in the Industrialization of Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustapha, Ramlee B.

    The Industrialized Needs study identified the perceptions of Malaysian educators and employers regarding the role of vocational and technical education (VTE) in the economic development of Malaysia. The first survey used a random sample of 300 (276 responses) from the population of 4,316 VTE educators in public VT schools and polytechnics in…

  16. Learner Success, Retention and Power in Vocational Education: A Snapshot from Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zepke, Nick; Isaacs, Peter; Leach, Linda

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we explore whether power issues enhance and/or inhibit retention of foundation-learners in vocational education in Aotearoa New Zealand. After surveying reasons given for early departure in the retention literature, the paper offers Foucault's notion of governmentality as another possible factor in early departure. The paper explores…

  17. Survey and Research on the Self-enrollment of Higher Vocational Colleges and the Academic Situation of Regularly Enrolled Students: A Case Study on the Self-enrollment of Nanjing Communications Institute of Technology%高职院校自主招生与统招生学业调查及研究——以南京交通职业技术学院自主招生为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宝俊

    2015-01-01

    The self-enrollment of higher vocational colleges is a way of higher vocational colleges to independently organize ex-amination and enrollment authorized by the government, and stu-dents enjoy the same treatment as regularly enrolled students do. Taking the self-enrollment practice of Nanjing Communications Institute of Technology as an ex-ample, this paper made a follow-up survey on the performance and development of self-enrolled stu-dents and regularly enrolled students during 2013~2016, compared their qualities and conclud-ed the data, hoping to provide a data support and empirical basis for the reform of self-enrollment and the improvement of talent cultivation quality in higher vocational colleges.%高职自主招生是国家授权高职院校独立组织考试录取的一种方式,学生入校后与统招的学生同等待遇.本文以南京交通职业技术学院自主招生实践为例,通过对2013~2016年自主招生类学生与统招类学生在学校各个方面的表现及发展情况进行跟踪调查和素质比较,得出数据和结论,以期为高职院校自主招生的改革和完善及提升高职院校人才培养质量提供数据支撑和实证依据.

  18. Role selection by nurses: managerial interests and personal attributes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, H A; Chater, S

    1983-01-01

    The relationship between interest in management roles and personality, demographic, and career background characteristics of 122 female nurses was investigated. The study tested the proposition that women in nursing seek roles within the profession that permit the expression of their personalities. The subjects, first-quarter master's degree students, were classified into management or non-management groups, based upon their scores on the business management scale of the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII). Results of a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) for unequal N's showed significant group differences on seven of the 11 scales of the Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Findings indicated that those who exhibited managerial interests were more practical-minded, sociable, conforming, dominant, expressive, and had more occupational interests than those who did not demonstrate such interest. Women lacking managerial interests showed a greater preference for "feminine," low-status occupations. No significant group differences were found on any of the 19 demographic and career background variables.

  19. The Stages of Vocational/Academic Integration for Vocational Educators. Tip Sheet #5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, Mary J.

    This brief suggests that vocational educators may be unclear as to whether they have accomplished integration of vocational and academic education because of the multistage nature of the process. The three stages suggest a continuum of professional growth, as vocational and academic educators first become aware of limitations of the status quo,…

  20. Identity Change during Vocational Teacher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette

    New vocational teachers cross a boundary when they move from one occupation to a job as teacher. A vocational teacher already has an education when he becomes a teacher. He also has several years of work experience. In Denmark, the educational background is related to the type of vocational schoo...... educations, reduce dropout rates and increase the supply of labor. The theoretical framework is identity theories....

  1. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  2. Vocational teachers' identity formation through boundary crossing

    OpenAIRE

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers’ prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational teachers to teach their subject matter. Drawing on a socio-cultural understanding of identity, and based on twenty semi-structured interviews with voc...

  3. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  4. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  5. Vocational Choices of Men and Women: A Comparison of Predictors from the SDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    Several predictors of occupational choice derived from a theory of careers (Holland, 1973) were examined. Hypotheses that a person's competencies, activities, self-estimates, interests, and vocational choices can be organized by a six-category typology to understand and predict subsequent choice were tested. Samples of 894 men and 989 women took…

  6. Vocational Guidance Books' Assessment of the Social Responsibility of the Press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, Linda

    As literature designed specifically to help young adults make appropriate career decisions, vocational guidance books explain what background, experiences, and personal traits are necessary to succeed in various careers. They are of interest to researchers because of the attitudes they reveal about journalism as a field. A review of 30 journalism…

  7. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  8. The Effects of Framing Vocational Choices on Young Adults' Sets of Career Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Daniel C.; Whitcomb, Kathleen M.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The present paper examines the effects of two decision-framing inductions on young adults' set of career options: first, whether young adults use abilities or interests as the grounds for their vocational choices and, second, whether young adults approach the decision-making task by including all career options to which they feel…

  9. Application of Scaffolding Theory to Higher Vocational Students Class-room Interaction in English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晗

    2013-01-01

      Scaffolding theory is one of the mature teaching methods of constructivism model . The effective interaction between teachers and students is one characteristic of scaffold teaching. This paper aims at combining scaffolding theory with classroom in⁃teraction in teaching higher vocational students English to help students arouse interest and enhance their comprehensive ability in English learning.

  10. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  11. Measuring the Outcomes of Vocational Education and Training. Review of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumbrell, Tom

    Outcome measures are one of three key dimensions of the performance of Australia's vocational education and training (VET) system. The government, employers, students, and the broader community all share an interest in ensuring that Australia's VET system produces skills needed in the labor market. However, each group's views of what constitutes a…

  12. Return to General Education and Vocational Education & Training in Indian Context: Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Tutan; Chattopadhyay, Raghabendra

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Measurement of returns to vocational education has always remained a matter of controversy (Psacharopoulos, 1994; Bennell and Segerstrom, 1998; Ziderman, 1997). Based upon the return evidence many World Bank projects were scrapped (Middleton and Ziderman, 1997, Bennell and Segerstrom, 1998). However, there is again a growing interest for…

  13. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET. These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in VET. Some theoretical consideration in behavioral and cognitive psychology will be discussed derived from the concept of learning content vocational institutions; pedagogical strategies such as demonstration, practice and feedback implemented by the instructors for learning occur. The learners’ preferences based on their characteristics to cater their ability to learn in VET. Learners’ learning styles were investigated to identify their preferences in learning and match with the curriculum and practices in teaching VET. The shift in pedagogical orientation will focus in potential of individual, engage learners in development of their own vocational knowledge and skills. VET instructors and trainers must be able to recognize and adapt their teaching and learning practice in order to response to these needs.

  14. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Licensed practical and licensed vocational ...

  15. On Conquering Psychological Obstacles of Oral English Study in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭辉

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to find better ways to conquer psychological obstacles in oral English learning for vocational college English learners.The approaches are based on the important fact that psychological obstacles have impeded the language learning seriously.This paper describes the status quo of oral English study in vocational colleges,presents the problems existing among college learners,and analyzes them to find subjective and objective reasons.Finally,the analysis of the survey results will help to conquer psychological obstacles of spoken English learning.

  16. 对文科高职新生职业生涯认同与教育需求的调查与研究——以北京青年政治学院为例%Survey and Study on Career Identity and the Demand for Education for Vocational College Students of Liberal Arts ——A Case Study of Beijing Youth Politics College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁晓鹃

    2012-01-01

    摘要:通过对北京青年政治学院2010级新生进行的职业意识问卷调查及部分学生的深度访谈,了解文科高职院校的学生职业生涯认同与教育需求的现状,探索在目前严峻的就业形势下,文科高职院校如何才能做好职业生涯规划教育,以提高学生的个人竞争力。%The questionnaire survey on the career awareness of the freshmen of Grade 2010 from Beijing Youth Polities College and the interview in depth with parts of students presents the current situation of the career identity and demand for education for vocational college students of liberal arts, and explores how vocational colleges of liberal arts improve their career planning education to improve students individual competitiveness in the severe employment situation.

  17. Reforming Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Kondrup, Sissel

    The systems of vocational education and training are facing a number of challenges in many European countries. The share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes....... Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy (OECD 2015). These trends...... means that the challenges are twofold. First, the VET systems are required to offer double qualifications, which give access not only to skilled employment, but also to higher education (Deissinger et.al 2013). Secondly, the VET systems are met by diverse demands to be social inclusive and exclusive...

  18. A Study on Teacher Autonomy in English Language Teacher’s Profes-sional Development in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Lan

    2016-01-01

    Teacher professional development (TPD), which is related with teacher education, has been the topic of vital signifi-cance in the world educational reform. There are diverse modes and approaches of teacher development, among which, teacher autonomy (TA) is a new concept. It is relatively new and has received insufficient attention in China, especially in vocational col-leges. The related research of this kind on English teachers in vocational colleges is far from enough. Based on this situation, some investigations were conducted on the topic of TA among 5 vocational colleges in Kunming, Yunnan Province. By utilizing questionnaires and interviews as the main investigation tools, the present author conducted the survey of the current situation of the English teachers’professional development and the existing problems, aiming at exploring the effective ways of promoting English language teachers’(autonomy) development in the context of vocational colleges.

  19. 高职学生网络使用状况调查及实验对照分析%The control survey of internet use and experiment of higher vocational students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁海军

    2014-01-01

    以民办高职学生为研究对象,探讨网络成瘾学生的心理特征、适应性以及与学习倦怠的关系,引导高职学生健康使用网络,为网络使用偏离矫正提供相关依据.对386名学生的网络生存状况进行调研;采用实验对照,对40名网络成瘾学生和40名非成瘾学生进行测评.结果表明,学生网络成瘾的发生几率为10.36%,男生、理工科专业学生网络成瘾发生几率较高.网络成瘾学生与非成瘾学生在人际关系、学习适应、校园生活、情绪适应等方面存在显著差异.学生的网络成瘾倾向与学习倦怠呈正相关.%In private higher vocational students as the research object , mainly discusses the psychological characteristics,the relationship between internet addiction students adaptability and learning burnout,guide the network using the college students' health,as internet use deviation correction and provide relevant basis. Research network survival status of 386 students.Experimental control,carried on the evaluation to the 40 IAD students and 40 non addicted students. The results show that the incidence of internet addiction of students was 10.36%,male, science and engineering students internet addiction incidence higher. IAD students and non IAD students in the interpersonal relationship , learning adaptation , emotional adaptation , campus life , there are significant differences.The students internet addiction tendency associated with learning burnout.

  20. Understanding Interest Rate Volatility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Volker, Desi

    This thesis is the result of my Ph.D. studies at the Department of Finance of the Copenhagen Business School. It consists of three essays covering topics related to the term structure of interest rates, monetary policy and interest rate volatility. The rst essay, \\Monetary Policy Uncertainty...... and Interest Rates", examines the role of monetary policy uncertainty on the term structure of interest rates. The second essay, \\A Regime-Switching A ne Term Structure Model with Stochastic Volatility" (co-authored with Sebastian Fux), investigates the ability of the class of regime switching models...... with and without stochastic volatility to capture the main stylized features of U.S. interest rates. The third essay, \\Variance Risk Premia in the Interest Rate Swap Market", investigates the time-series and cross-sectional properties of the compensation demanded for holding interest rate variance risk. The essays...

  1. Reconstructing Vocational Education and Training for the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Hyland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The unfavorable comparisons between English and European vocational education and training (VET systems made in the Wolf Report—and indeed in many national reviews of VET in Britain since the Royal Commission on Technical Education reported in 1884—point toward the low status of vocational pursuits in the United Kingdom compared with that in Continental Europe and elsewhere. In the light of these cultural differences, it is unlikely that structural, funding, or curriculum reforms alone will succeed in enhancing VET provision without corresponding changes in the value foundation of vocational studies. The reconstruction of VET requires a re-orientation of its foundational values if the reforms proposed by Wolf and others are to have any chance of lasting success. By the same token—although European and other national systems have their own peculiar problems—the global policy agenda concerned only with cognitive outcomes expressed as behaviorist skills and competences is, arguably, unlikely to meet the key challenges. A reconstructed model of VET needs to foreground the values, craft, and aesthetic features of vocationalism if the perennial problems are to be dealt with adequately. A reconstruction plan is suggested below, informed and inspired by the concept of “mindfulness”—non-judgmental, present-moment attention, and awareness—drawn from Buddhist contemplative traditions. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs in areas such as psychology, psychotherapy, medical science, and education have grown exponentially over the last decade or so, and interesting work is now emerging in relation to the value of mindfulness in workplace training.

  2. Aspergers – Different, Not Less: Occupational Strengths and Job Interests of Individuals with Asperger's Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenz, Timo; Heinitz, Kathrin

    2014-01-01

    Rooted in the neurodiversity approach, this study provides an overview of the strengths and interests of individuals with Asperger's Syndrome. We interviewed136 individuals with Asperger's Syndrome and 155 neurotypical individuals via an online survey with regards to (a) demography, (b) occupational strengths, (c) general self-efficacy, (d) occupational self-efficacy, and (e) the job interest profile according to Holland. The vocational and educational fields of the individuals with Asperger's in the sample are more diverse than and surpass those classical fields stated in research and biographical literature. The comparison of both groups in cross-tables showed that the indicated strengths differ in several areas (ΦCramer = .02–.47), which means that a specific strength profile can be derived, and this profile goes beyond the clinical view of the diagnostic criteria. Individuals with Asperger's indicate lower self-efficacy, both general and occupational. Furthermore, a high concentration of individuals with Asperger's can be found in the areas I (Investigative) and C (Conventional) of Holland's RIASEC model. PMID:24950060

  3. Aspergers--different, not less: occupational strengths and job interests of individuals with Asperger's Syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timo Lorenz

    Full Text Available Rooted in the neurodiversity approach, this study provides an overview of the strengths and interests of individuals with Asperger's Syndrome. We interviewed 136 individuals with Asperger's Syndrome and 155 neurotypical individuals via an online survey with regards to (a demography, (b occupational strengths, (c general self-efficacy, (d occupational self-efficacy, and (e the job interest profile according to Holland. The vocational and educational fields of the individuals with Asperger's in the sample are more diverse than and surpass those classical fields stated in research and biographical literature. The comparison of both groups in cross-tables showed that the indicated strengths differ in several areas (ΦCramer = .02-.47, which means that a specific strength profile can be derived, and this profile goes beyond the clinical view of the diagnostic criteria. Individuals with Asperger's indicate lower self-efficacy, both general and occupational. Furthermore, a high concentration of individuals with Asperger's can be found in the areas I (Investigative and C (Conventional of Holland's RIASEC model.

  4. Aspergers--different, not less: occupational strengths and job interests of individuals with Asperger's Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenz, Timo; Heinitz, Kathrin

    2014-01-01

    Rooted in the neurodiversity approach, this study provides an overview of the strengths and interests of individuals with Asperger's Syndrome. We interviewed 136 individuals with Asperger's Syndrome and 155 neurotypical individuals via an online survey with regards to (a) demography, (b) occupational strengths, (c) general self-efficacy, (d) occupational self-efficacy, and (e) the job interest profile according to Holland. The vocational and educational fields of the individuals with Asperger's in the sample are more diverse than and surpass those classical fields stated in research and biographical literature. The comparison of both groups in cross-tables showed that the indicated strengths differ in several areas (ΦCramer = .02-.47), which means that a specific strength profile can be derived, and this profile goes beyond the clinical view of the diagnostic criteria. Individuals with Asperger's indicate lower self-efficacy, both general and occupational. Furthermore, a high concentration of individuals with Asperger's can be found in the areas I (Investigative) and C (Conventional) of Holland's RIASEC model.

  5. Survey of sleep status of female medical students in a higher vocational school and related factors%某高职女医学生睡眠状况调查及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东芳; 郑全庆

    2013-01-01

    目的了解某高职在校女医学生的睡眠状况及睡眠质量相关影响因素。方法采用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数( PSQI )和自制女大学生睡眠状况调查问卷,对1037名女医学生进行横断面调查研究。结果有24.34%的女医学生睡眠质量差,PSQI总分的平均分为5.74±2.51,PSQI总分已超过了正常人群的(2.67±1.07),不同年级的PSQI总分的差异有统计学意义(F=1.22,P<0.05)。女医学生中85.63%的入睡时间为22点至24点;86.50%的学生睡眠时间为6至8小时;89.97%的学生有课堂瞌睡现象;49.57%的学生认为睡眠会影响学习工作,学生自评影响经期睡眠的主要因素为痛经,经期心理反应,经血量多;影响经前期睡眠因素的主要因素为情绪波动46.87%,腹脘胀气30.95%;自评经期后的睡眠质量优于经期前的睡眠质量(χ2=302.83,P<0.05);多因素非条件Logistic回归分析显示影响睡眠的主要因素为年级、睡眠时间规律性、睡眠时间、上网、应激事件和通宵否。结论该高职院校女医学生的睡眠质量差,作息时间不符合科学规律,生活事件及特殊生理时期对睡眠产生影响,该院校在校女医学生的睡眠质量亟待提高。%Objective To understand the sleep status of female medical students in a higher vocational school and related influencing factors.Methods With Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index ( PSQI ) and a questionnaire focusing on homemade female students sleep condition, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 1 037 female medical students .Results Of female medical students , 24.34%had poor sleep quality, and the average PSQI score was 5.74 ±2.51, which was higher than that of normal population (2.67 ±1.07). There was difference in PSQI score among different grades (F=1.22,P<0.05).Students who slept at 22 to 24 o'clock occupied 85.63%, and 86.50%of students had sleep

  6. Factors associated with vocational reintegration among the Thai lower limb amputees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dajpratham, Piyapat; Tantiniramai, Suchat; Lukkapichonchut, Pranee; Kaewnaree, Siriluck

    2008-02-01

    Vocational reintegration is an important goal in the rehabilitation process. The amputees had to take time to adjust themselves to their new condition after lower limb amputation and that might have an impact on their vocation. As yet, there has been no information regarding vocational reintegration among the lower limb amputees in Thailand. To study the rate of vocational reintegration, factors associated with vocational reintegration among the lower limb amputees. The postal survey with the questionnaires to 1,300 amputees who received the lower limb prostheses between 2001 and 2005 was conducted. The participants were divided into two groups namely the employed and unemployed groups. The Chi-Square and the Independent Sample T Test were used to compare the difference between the two groups. The multiple variables analysis by stepwise logistic regression was used to determine the associated factors. Three hundred and nine questionnaires were completed among 321 returned questionnaires (response rate 24.7%). Two hundred and forty seven males and 62 females with age ranging from 18-82 years old participated. The rate of vocational reintegration was 66.7%. Demographically, the employed group had less diabetes mellitus (p = 0.001), higher educational level (p = 0.004), were younger at the time of amputation (p reintegration were etiologies of amputation from the blast injury from mines and congenital problems (OR 3.3), educational level from secondary school (OR 2.3), at least satisfactory to good wearing comfort (OR 1.16), and younger at the time of amputation (OR 0.97) respectively. This information can assist the rehabilitation personnel to encourage the vocational reintegration among the Thai lower limb amputees.

  7. A Sample Vocational Group Guidance Study Based on Ginzberg ve His Associates' Developmental Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay Ayas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted on 12 (6 male 6 female 8th grade students of a primary school in Ankara. The age of the students varied between 14 and 16. Students participated in the study valuntarily after the school counsellor had informed them about it. Sessions were completed in six weeks. Vocational maturity inventory which was developed by Kuzgun and Bacanlı (2005 was administered to group member before and after the program in order to assess the effectiveness of the program. It was found that 6 of the group members did not reach due level of vocational maturity in the pretest, in other words their vocational maturity was low (below 143 points. Three (those between 143-155 points reached the expected vocational maturity level, yet they needed to increase it in order to make a more appropriate vocational decision. The other three  group members (those above 155 points were the ones who had reached the expected vocational maturity.Posttest results showed that two of the group members had not reached the targeted vocational maturity.  One of these students stated that since he would work at the building sector in which his father was working the sessions had not picked up much of his interest and it was observed that he had not attended to two of the group activies. This may be considered as the reason why he did not benefitted from group works.Lack of improvement in other group member's maturity level may be the result of the fact that he will not continue his education after primary school and his reluctance to attend to activities in group sessions. After the implementation of the program, a significant difference was observed between pretest and posttest scores. Mean vocational maturity inventory scores before the program was 145.83 while it increased to 153.25. This finding shows that the study had an important influence on the improvement of vocational maturity by raising group members' vocational maturity inventory scores.

  8. A sample vocational group guidance study based on Ginzberg and his associates' developmental theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay Ayas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted on 12 (6 male 6 female 8th grade students of a primary school in Ankara. The age of the students varied between 14 and 16. Students participated in the study valuntarily after the school counsellor had informed them about it. Sessions were completed in six weeks. Vocational maturity inventory which was developed by Kuzgun and Bacanlı (2005 was administered to group member before and after the program in order to assess the effectiveness of the program. It was found that 6 of the group members did not reach due level of vocational maturity in the pretest, in other words their vocational maturity was low (below 143 points. Three (those between 143-155 points reached the expected vocational maturity level, yet they needed to increase it in order to make a more appropriate vocational decision. The other three groups members (those above 155 points were the ones who had reached the expected vocational maturity.Posttest results showed that two of the group members had not reached the targeted vocational maturity. One of these students stated that since he would work at the building sector in which his father was working the sessions had not picked up much of his interest and it was observed that he had not attended to two of the group activities. This may be considered as the reason why he did not benefitted from group works.Lack of improvement in other group member's maturity level may be the result of the fact that he will not continue his education after primary school and his reluctance to attend to activities in group sessions. After the implementation of the program, a significant difference was observed between pretest and posttest scores. Mean vocational maturity inventory scores before the program was 145.83 while it increased to 153.25. This finding shows that the study had an important influence on the improvement of vocational maturity by raising group members' vocational maturity inventory scores.

  9. Middle School Engagement with Mathematics Software and Later Interest and Self-Efficacy for STEM Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocumpaugh, Jaclyn; San Pedro, Maria Ofelia; Lai, Huei-yi; Baker, Ryan S.; Borgen, Fred

    2016-09-01

    Research suggests that trajectories toward careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) emerge early and are influenced by multiple factors. This paper presents a longitudinal study, which uses data from 76 high school students to explore how a student's vocational self-efficacy and interest are related to his or her middle school behavioral and affective engagement. Measures of vocational self-efficacy and interest are drawn from STEM-related scales in CAPAExplore, while measures of middle school performance and engagement in mathematics are drawn from several previously validated automated indicators extracted from logs of student interaction with ASSISTments, an online learning platform. Results indicate that vocational self-efficacy correlates negatively with confusion, but positively with engaged concentration and carelessness. Interest, which also correlates negatively with confusion, correlates positively with correctness and carelessness. Other disengaged behaviors, such as gaming the system, were not correlated with vocational self-efficacy or interest, despite previous studies indicating that they are associated with future college attendance. We discuss implications for these findings, which have the potential to assist educators or counselors in developing strategies to sustain students' interest in STEM-related careers.

  10. Middle School Engagement with Mathematics Software and Later Interest and Self-Efficacy for STEM Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocumpaugh, Jaclyn; San Pedro, Maria Ofelia; Lai, Huei-yi; Baker, Ryan S.; Borgen, Fred

    2016-12-01

    Research suggests that trajectories toward careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) emerge early and are influenced by multiple factors. This paper presents a longitudinal study, which uses data from 76 high school students to explore how a student's vocational self-efficacy and interest are related to his or her middle school behavioral and affective engagement. Measures of vocational self-efficacy and interest are drawn from STEM-related scales in CAPAExplore, while measures of middle school performance and engagement in mathematics are drawn from several previously validated automated indicators extracted from logs of student interaction with ASSISTments, an online learning platform. Results indicate that vocational self-efficacy correlates negatively with confusion, but positively with engaged concentration and carelessness. Interest, which also correlates negatively with confusion, correlates positively with correctness and carelessness. Other disengaged behaviors, such as gaming the system, were not correlated with vocational self-efficacy or interest, despite previous studies indicating that they are associated with future college attendance. We discuss implications for these findings, which have the potential to assist educators or counselors in developing strategies to sustain students' interest in STEM-related careers.

  11. General view of university students “Marmara University Vocational School of Health Services Case”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akyurt Nuran

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the attitude towards the socio-economic conditions and demographic characteristics and the university life of medical students. To determine the students’ sociodemographic characteristics “Personal Information Form” was used developed by researchers according to literature. The form contains expressions of the students such as the economic situation, future concerns, finding a job, university life, social & recreational activities, build up relationships with people and parents education level. Target group of the study were 349 students from Marmara University Vocational School of health. The environment of the survey was limited to the students studying in all programs at Marmara University Vocational School of Health. The research was carried out with students at Marmara University Vocational School of Health in the fall semester of 2014-2015.

  12. IDENTIFYING RELATIONSHIP INVOLVING LEARNING STYLES AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS AMONG VOCATIONAL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between students’ learning styles and problem solving skills among students in Building Construction Course at Vocational School. This study also investigated the differences between the students’ type of learning styles and their ability to solve the problem using their creative thinking. A survey was carried out on 68 vocational students in Building Construction Course from two Vocational Schools. Felder-Soloman’s Index of Learning Styles (ILS and elements of creative thinking in problem solving for Vocational Education were the tools used in this study. Creative thinking in problem solving elements was categorized from the subject specification used in Building Construction curriculum. In brief, the ILS have five dimension; Processing, Perception, Input, Understanding and Perception. The results show that the Input style dominates the learning styles of Building Construction’s students in Vocational School and manipulating idea is the dominant creative thinking elements to solve the problem which students preferred. In conclusion, type of students’ learning styles will influence how they can cater their learning to improve their academic achievement and how they can use their creativity to solve the problem in actual situation in Building Construction work. However, learning styles are not main indicator to predict how students excellent are.

  13. Putting a Vocational Focus Back into Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Gregory C.

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, rehabilitation has been closely associated with vocational potential and return to work post-injury, or the maintenance of work attendance following the onset of chronic disease. Indeed, so close was the association that the terms "rehabilitation" and "vocational rehabilitation" were virtually synonymous. Over…

  14. Applying a Typology to Vocational Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=1,005), college juniors (N=692), employed adults (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a 1 year interval (N=624). The aspirational data were…

  15. Data Available for Studying Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, David B.

    The Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) data base was created as a result of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1976. VEDS statistics were to be collected in the form of state-aggregate data (that is, state-level data is submitted by each state, based upon records and data collected by the state for this and other purposes); and VEDS data,…

  16. Vocational Teaching Cube System of Engineering Graphics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangDaofu; LiuShenli

    2003-01-01

    Based on long-time research on vocational teaching cube theory in graphics education and analyzing on the intellectual structure in the process of reading engineering drawing, the graphics intellectual three-dimensional model, which is made up of 100 cubes, is founded and tested in higher vocational graphics education. This system serves as a good guidance to the graphics teaching.

  17. Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centro De La Comunidad, Inc., New London, CT.

    During its second year, the Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project recruited eighth and ninth grade Hispanic youth for a four-week cycle, after-school, career exploratory program at Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical School, Groton, Connecticut. A series of career education workshops was the other major project activity. Supportive…

  18. Bringing Realism Into the Vocational Typing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Alan C.

    1978-01-01

    Based on "Typing 2," Gregg's new second-year vocational typing book for high schools, this article discusses ways to use the textbook and what the teacher can do to support the spirit of realism, purpose, and efficiency that the author feels should dominate the vocational typing course. (TA)

  19. Gasoline Engine Mechanics. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in gasoline engine mechanics in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of small-engine mechanics; program content (curriculum framework and student performance…

  20. Fashion Marketing. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Instructional Development and Services.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in fashion marketing in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: program content (job duties of wholesale and retail clothing salespersons and curriculum framework and student…

  1. Leadership Skills among Technical and Vocational Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Nurazyan Zahidah; Jizat, Nor Atikah Md.; Zakaria, Normah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of leadership skills among technical and vocational educator are to prepare them towards effective organization. Effective leadership is widely accepted as being a key constituent in achieving organization improvement and to examine. This study aimed to gauge the leadership skills among technical and vocational educators effectiveness…

  2. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  3. Vocational Teachers' Identity Formation through Boundary Crossing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers' prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational…

  4. Vocational Teachers between Educational Institutions and Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze discursively how the relationship between educational institutions and workplaces materializes in the position of a vocational teacher. Several studies have pointed out that the role of vocational teachers is changing as a result of current educational reforms, which can be understood in terms of bringing…

  5. The Dutch vocational education and training system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.M.C.

    2014-01-01

    The Dutch educational system is highly stratified from secondary education onwards3, and this also applies to MBO. Each MBO course can be followed in two different learning pathways, called the vocationally educating learning pathway (beroepsopleidende leerweg: BOL) and the vocationally guiding lear

  6. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy and talent…

  7. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  8. Vocation in Theology and Psychology: Conflicting Approaches?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Recent contributions in the fields of psychology, sociology, and theology reveal opposing attitudes about the subject of calling or vocation with regard to one's work. Whereas psychologists have rediscovered the concept, theologians increasingly show reluctance to accept a vocational view of work. In offering an alternative perspective, this…

  9. 20 CFR 638.503 - Vocational training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational training. 638.503 Section 638.503 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.503 Vocational training. (a)...

  10. Survey on menses and health care during menstrual period in female students in Shaanxi higher vocational college%陕西高职女生月经及经期保健知识调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾彤; 于学文

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解陕西高职院校女生月经及经期保健情况,为进一步做好学生生殖健康教育提供资料支持。方法采用随机整群抽样的方法选择陕西某高职院校590名大一女生进行月经情况及月经保健知识问卷调查。结果该组大学生的平均月经初潮年龄为14.11±1.42岁;89.3%的学生月经周期及75.3%的学生经期在正常范围内。在对月经的认知方面,认为在月经期可以适当运动、认为经期可以淋浴的城市来源学生要优于农村来源学生,差异均有统计学意义(χ2值分别为80.531、45.859,均P<0.05)。有64.1%的学生在月经来潮期间会出现不同程度的痛经,仅有28.8%的人在月经异常时向医护人员求助。结论针对女大学生的月经状况特点,应加强对女大学生月经相关知识的健康教育,对提高女大学生的学习生活质量有重要意义。%Objective To understand the basic menstruation information and health care during menstrual period of the female students in higher vocational college , so as to provide data support for better health care education .Methods A cross-sectional investigation of menstruation and menstrual health care was conducted among 590 female freshmen by random cluster sampling .Results The average age of menarche was 14.11 ±1.42.The menstrual cycle of 89.3% students and menstruation of 75.3% students were normal .Students from urban had better knowledge about menstruation health care on proper activity and shower than those from the countryside , and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 value was 80.531 and 45.859, respectively, both P<0.05).There were 64.1%of students suffering from different degrees of primary dysmenorrhea , but only 28.8% of them would seek medical help when menstruation was abnormal . Conclusion The healthcare education on menstruation among female students should be strengthened to improve students

  11. 20 CFR 725.710 - Objective of vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Objective of vocational rehabilitation. 725... OF THE FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.710 Objective of vocational rehabilitation. The objective of vocational rehabilitation is...

  12. Some Practical Remedies for Providing Vocational Guidance for Everyone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    After describing some current problems in vocational guidance and summarizing relevant knowledge and theory in the field, this paper presents some practical plans, materials, and ideas for providing more useful vocational assistance to people of all ages. The paper reviews such prominent vocational guidance approaches as vocational information and…

  13. Hands-on creativity in Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    This presentation poses the question: what conception of the phenomenon of creativity is best suited to the field of vocational education? VET (Vocational Education and Training) aims to prepare people for employment in craft and industry. In this field, there is an ever-growing requirement...... for creativity and innovation. In response, it is my concern that an understanding of creativity be developed with vocational education and training in mind. It is not enough to import models from other areas, where the distinction between ideas and production or creativity and execution is often relatively hazy...... and therefore not well suited for VET comprising production, handcraft and industry. In Europe, vocational education schemes are considered the solid base on which almost all kinds of industry and craft depend. If Europe is to retain its innovative capacity, then vocational education, especially the capacity...

  14. The Effects of Vocational Training on Labor Force Experience. An Analysis of the Tennessee Area Vocational Technical School System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    To analyze the differential benefits from vocational training, a study was made involving 1,701 former students selected at random from 19 area vocational-technical schools in Tennessee. Major objectives of the study were to determine: (1) economic justification of vocational training, (2) wage differences among the vocationally trained and…

  15. Students' Meaning-Making and Sense-Making of Vocational Knowledge in Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijlsma, Nienke; Schaap, Harmen; de Bruijn, Elly

    2016-01-01

    Meaning-making and sense-making are generally assumed to be part of students' personal vocational knowledge development, since they contribute to both students' socialisation in a vocation and students' personalisation of concepts, values and beliefs regarding that vocation. However, how students in vocational education acquire meaning and make…

  16. 高职高专《英美国家概况》的多模态教学初探%The Teaching of A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries Based on Multimodality in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀芬

    2011-01-01

    本文在多模态的教学理念指导下,探讨《荚美国家概况》教学的相关问题。%A Survey of Major English-Speaking Countries is a combination of both language and cuhure learning, it plays a role in promoting students' cross-cultural communication skills. In order to change the ineffective teaching status, this paper attempts a new teaching paradigm based on Multimodality, which receives much success.

  17. Work Esteem And Re-Branding Of Technical Education And Vocational Training From The Perspective Of Parents, Teachers And Apprentice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadijah Alavi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Several issues were raised from the study of technical and vocational education: low pay, no career path for their future, unable to get admission to university, and finally technical education and vocational training are perceived to be for school dropouts and special needs students (the disabled (Ahmad Esa , 2010; Ramlee, 1999; Wancott, 2000; Gray, 1997; Stone, 1993; Kang and Bishop, 1986. Although various efforts have been undertaken by several agencies to encourage technical education and vocational training to the public, students and parents still prefer academic education to vocational education. Why does this phenomenon still exist despite the publicity given by many agencies? Do parents, students, teachers and school counselors, and various related parties understand the system of vocational education? Aren’t there sufficient promotion arranged? Aren’t there enough "success stories" of those doing technical education and vocational training brought to light by local media? This qualitative study was conducted in two zones, namely, the north (Kedah and central zone (Selangor, two schools were chosen from each zone; one school in the city (Kajang and one from the rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to get the views of  parents and teachers. The results showed that there was a positive response from parents and teachers about the work reputation and re-branding of technical education and vocational training. Technical and vocational fields are no longer targeted for weak students; on the other hand this study has shown that parents believe that girls too can become successful mechanics. Now parents and teachers are encouraging students to pursue their field of interest, and no longer judge them based on test results per se to take up tertiary education. The path of technical education and vocational training can be advanced to university level and continued abroad. There are suggestions that opportunity should also be given to

  18. 高职学生英语听力困难消减之三维驱动路径--基于认知语言学视角%Listening Problems Survey on Vocational College Students and the Reduction Path of Three dimensional Drives---Based on the Perspective of Cognitive Linguistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吾雅平

    2016-01-01

    The survey shows English listening problems commonly exist in vocational colleges. Viewing from the overall distribution, most problems lie in the layer of emotional filtration while others lie in the layers of linguistic cognition and studying management. Viewing from the individual distribution, the three biggest problems reported are anxiety and fear resulted from continuous setbacks and self-confidence sufferings, not being able to focus attention long, and being short of vocabulary. Using students’ self-retrospection reports for reference, the article analyzes their psychological course of linguistic cognition. Therefore, the problem reduction path of three dimensional drives was demonstrated. They are emotional filtration drive, linguistic cognition drive and studying management drive.%调研显示高职学生英语听力困难普遍存在。从整体分布看,困难最多在情感过滤层,其次是语言认知层和学习管理层;从单向分布看,报告最多的三项困难是自信心持续受挫导致紧张恐惧、注意力不能长久集中、词汇量不足。结合自省报告分析学生听力认知心理过程,并努力探寻困难消减的三维驱动路径,即情感过滤驱动、语言认知驱动和学习管理驱动。

  19. 当前高职非英语专业学生英语网络自主学习状况调查——以江苏某省级示范性高职院校为例%Survey of Autonomous English Learning for Non-English Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廉东昌

    2012-01-01

    With the help of questionnaires,the thesis surveyed the degree of acceptance of English autonomous learning and the difficulties for non-English majors of the higher vocational colleges.It turned out that those students had a mild acceptance of autonomous English learning,and the acceptance degree was directly related to students' English level.Students with low English level had difficulties in the whole process of autonomous English learning,while students with higher or middle levels had comparatively fewer difficulties.The main reasons are the lack of insufficient autonomous learning hardware,the evaluation approach for the course and the teaching approaches.%通过调查问卷的形式,对高职非英语专业学生英语网络自主学习的认同度、自主学习困难等进行了调查。调查结果显示,高职非英语专业学生对英语网络自主学习的总体认同度处于居中水平,认同度高低与学生英语成绩紧密相关,低分组绝大多数学生在自主学习的各环节均有学习困难,高分组和中等组则相对较少,引起网络自主学习困难的主要因素是自主学习硬件条件不足、课程考核方法限制、教师教学方法限制等。根据调查结果,笔者提出了相关的应对策略。

  20. 高职国际商务岗位群素质能力需求调查分析--以长江三角洲主要城市为例%Analysis on the Qualities and Abilities Requirements for International Business Posts Oriented Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges--Based on the Survey of Seven Major Cities in the Yangtze Delta Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿协萍

    2015-01-01

    对长江三角洲主要城市的企业关于高职国际商务岗位群素质能力需求进行调查分析的结果显示,企业关注求职者英语应用能力、沟通表达能力、业务操作能力等专业素质,更关注求职者心理素质、协作精神和工作态度等职业素养。高职国际商务专业课程建设应强化基础知识教育,夯实学生技能发展根基;推进产教深度融合,增强学生实务操作能力;强化职业素养教育,提升学生职业发展潜力。%Survey of qualities and abilities requirements for International Business posts oriented majors in major cities in the Yangtze River Delta Areas shows that businesses concern not only about occupational qualities like English competence, communication skills and business operation, but also about professionalism like psychological qualities, cooperative spirit, and attitudes towards work for job applicants. Suggestions for courses construction in International Business majors in vocational colleges are that fundamental knowledge which is the base for development of students’ skills must be strengthened, the in-depth integration of production and teaching which aims at improving students’ practical operation skills must be promoted, professionalism which aim to improve students’ career development potential must be reinforced.

  1. Structure of Interests in Japan: Application of the Personal Globe Inventory Occupational Scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Lirong; Watanabe, Naotaka; Tracey, Terence J. G.

    2006-01-01

    Japanese college students (N = 2,492) completed the translated Personal Globe Inventory (PGI: T. J. G. Tracey, 2002b) Occupational Title scales, and the structural validity of vocational interests was examined. Support was provided for the RIASEC (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional), octant, and spherical…

  2. Building Evidence of Validity: The Relation between Work Values, Interests, Personality, and Personal Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuty, Melanie E.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

    2013-01-01

    The current study used work values components (WVC) to examine the relationship between work values, vocational interests, personality, and personal values. Most intercorrelations between work values and other constructs were in the small effect range. Overall correlations between scale scores provided evidence of convergent and discriminant…

  3. Middle School Engagement with Mathematics Software and Later Interest and Self-Efficacy for STEM Careers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocumpaugh, Jaclyn; San Pedro, Maria Ofelia; Lai, Huei-yi; Baker, Ryan S.; Borgen, Fred

    2016-01-01

    Research suggests that trajectories toward careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) emerge early and are influenced by multiple factors. This paper presents a longitudinal study, which uses data from 76 high school students to explore how a student's vocational self-efficacy and interest are related to his or her middle…

  4. Career Interests of Students in Psychology Specialties Degrees: Psychometric Evidence and Correlations with the RIASEC Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Aristides I.; Rodrigues, Rosa I.; da Costa Ferreira, Paula

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we present the development of a vocational interest scale for university students studying psychology. Three dimensions were extracted through principal component analysis, namely, organizational, educational, and clinical psychology. A second study with confirmatory factor analysis replicated the same three factors obtained in the…

  5. Building Evidence of Validity: The Relation between Work Values, Interests, Personality, and Personal Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuty, Melanie E.; Hansen, Jo-Ida C.

    2013-01-01

    The current study used work values components (WVC) to examine the relationship between work values, vocational interests, personality, and personal values. Most intercorrelations between work values and other constructs were in the small effect range. Overall correlations between scale scores provided evidence of convergent and discriminant…

  6. Social Cognitive Career Theory and the Prediction of Interests and Choice Goals in the Computing Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lent, Robert W.; Lopez, Antonio M., Jr.; Lopez, Frederick G.; Sheu, Hung-Bin

    2008-01-01

    We tested the fit of the social cognitive choice model [Lent, R.W., Brown, S.D., & Hackett, G. (1994). "Toward a unifying social cognitive theory of career and academic interest, choice, and performance [Monograph]." "Journal of Vocational Behavior," 45, 79-122] to the data across gender, educational level, and type of university among students in…

  7. Autonomy, competence, and social relatedness in task interest within project-based education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minnaert, Alexander; Boekaerts, Monique; de Brabander, Cornelis

    2007-01-01

    To prepare students for instructive collaboration, it is necessary to have insight into students' psychological needs and interest development. The framework of self-determination theory was used to conduct a field experiment involving 114 students in vocational education. These students followed a

  8. Career Interests of Students in Psychology Specialties Degrees: Psychometric Evidence and Correlations with the RIASEC Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Aristides I.; Rodrigues, Rosa I.; da Costa Ferreira, Paula

    2016-01-01

    In this study, we present the development of a vocational interest scale for university students studying psychology. Three dimensions were extracted through principal component analysis, namely, organizational, educational, and clinical psychology. A second study with confirmatory factor analysis replicated the same three factors obtained in the…

  9. Interests, Aspirations, Self-Estimates, and the Self-Directed Search.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottfredson, Gary D.

    2002-01-01

    Self-beliefs are not measures of ability and skill but they are correlated with interests and activities and are useful predictors of occupational choices. Holland's theory of vocational personalities provides a framework compatible with Social Cognitive Career Theory and goal theory; the Self-Directed Search is a viable means of assessing…

  10. Barriers and facilitators of return to work for individuals with strokes: perspectives of the stroke survivor, vocational specialist, and employer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culler, Kathleen H; Wang, Ying-Chih; Byers, Katherine; Trierweiler, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify factors that facilitated or acted as a barrier to return to work (RTW) for stroke survivors. We applied 3 approaches to identify the factors. First, we conducted qualitative interviews with 10 stroke survivors about their RTW experience post stroke. Second, we surveyed 21 vocational specialists about barriers and facilitators of RTW based on their clinical practice. Last, we interviewed 7 employers who had experience in interviewing individuals with disabilities or had the authority to make hiring decisions. Descriptions of barriers and facilitators to RTW from these 3 perspectives were illustrated. Identified components were mapped based on the ICF framework. From stroke survivors' perspectives, factors affecting employment after stroke include neurological (motor, cognition, communication), social, personal, and environmental factors. Vocational specialists described similar barriers and facilitators of RTW as the stroke survivors but emphasized personal factors such as flexibility and being realistic in vocational goals. The employers explained that the candidate's disability plays no role in the hiring process and indicated that all applicants must meet the essential job requirements. Some employers described the benefits of having the support of vocational rehabilitation staff and being able to interact with the vocational rehabilitation specialists during the hiring process. The interaction allows the employer to gather initial information (consented to by the job applicant) about the applicants from the vocational rehabilitation service and to be educated about any specific needs related to the applicant's medical issues.

  11. FWS Interest Simplified

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — These boundaries are simplified from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Real Estate Interest data layer containing polygons representing tracts of land (parcels) in...

  12. FWS Interest Simplified

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — These boundaries are simplified from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Real Estate Interest data layer containing polygons representing tracts of land (parcels) in...

  13. Interest Rates and Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Coopersmith

    2011-01-01

    A relation between interest rates and inflation is presented using a two component economic model and a simple general principle. Preliminary results indicate a remarkable similarity to classical economic theories, in particular that of Wicksell.

  14. Debenture Interest Rates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Interest rates to be paid on debentures issued with respect to a loan or mortgage insured by the Federal Housing Commissioner under the provisions of the National...

  15. Vocational Training in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BALCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available European Union requires some standards in all areas. Today, the importance of training qualified individuals which holds an important place in the development of countries increases and certain standards are adopted creating common European Union tools in the field of vocational and technical education. In this study, vocational education and training policies system and the standards adopted by the European Union are discussed. Furthermore, this study was accepted as a European Union project in 2010 and the results obtained from the Leonardo Da Vinci Life Learning European Union project called “Web Based Basic Vocational Training” between the years 2010-2012 were presented. Since the partners of these projects are Turkey, Spain and Germany, the structure of vocational education, institutions of public and private vocational education and the diplomas and certificates entitled after these educations are included. As Turkey is on its way to become a European Union member, a number of advices are presented for Turkey to reach its destination about vocational education standards that European Union has aimed. The purpose of the study is not only to be a guide for the young who want to get professional training in the countries that are European Union members or candidates about how and where to have education opportunities but also to give a chance for trainers and training managers, participating in vocational training, so as to glimpse different practices from different countries and compare these practices between the countries of European Union and their countries. The study is also very important as it has the opportunities for training managers to see if their countries' vocational education is close enough to vocational education in European Union.

  16. MAX and Survey Linkages

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — CMS is interested in linking MAX files with survey data, including four surveys conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) - the National Health...

  17. MAX and Survey Linkages

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — CMS is interested in linking MAX files with survey data, including four surveys conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) - the National Health...

  18. Behavioral Disorders in Vocational Schools for Special Education. A Pilot-study using the Teacher‘s Report Form and the Youth Self Report

    OpenAIRE

    Roland Stein; Harald Ebert

    2010-01-01

    Up until now emotional and behavioral disorders in Vocational Schools were only rarely subject of research. Yet it is probable that these disorders might represent a serious field of problems in such schools. Within the scope of a Pilot Study we explored the pupils of a large Special Educational Vocational school in Bavaria, Germany using Teacher’s Report Form (TRF) and Youth Self Report (YSR) of the Achenbach Scales (CBCL). We were interested in the occurrence of emotional and behavioral dis...

  19. Perception of Genetic Testing for Deafness and Factors Associated with Interest in Genetic Testing Among Deaf People in a Selected Population in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adedokun, Babatunde O; Yusuf, Bidemi O; Lasisi, J Taye; Jinadu, A A; Sunmonu, M T; Ashanke, A F; Lasisi, O Akeem

    2015-12-01

    Understanding the perceptions of genetic testing by members of the deaf community may help in planning deafness genetics research, especially so in the context of strong adherence to cultural values as found among native Africans. Among Yorubas in Nigeria, deafness is perceived to be caused by some offensive actions of the mother during pregnancy, spiritual attack, and childhood infections. We studied attitudes towards, and acceptance of genetic testing by the deaf community in Nigeria. Structured questionnaires were administered to individuals sampled from the Vocational Training Centre for the Deaf, the religious Community, and government schools, among others. The main survey items elicited information about the community in which the deaf people participate, their awareness of genetic testing, whether or not they view genetic testing as acceptable, and their understanding of the purpose of genetic testing. There were 150 deaf participants (61.3 % males, 38.7 % females) with mean age of 26.7 years ±9.8. A majority of survey respondents indicated they relate only with other members of the deaf community (78 %) and reported believing genetic testing does more good than harm (79.3 %); 57 % expressed interest in genetic testing. Interest in genetic testing for deafness or in genetic testing in pregnancy was not related to whether respondents relate primarily to the deaf or to the hearing community. However, a significantly higher number of male respondents and respondents with low education reported interest in genetic testing.

  20. Status and Importance/Support for Supervised Occupational Experience Programs (SOEP) as Perceived by New York Vocational Agriculture Teachers and Their Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkey, Arthur L.; Sutphin, H. Dean

    A study examined the status of agricultural supervised occupational experience programs (SOEP) in the state of New York and also the attitudes of agricultural teachers and their building administrators toward SOEP. Two separate survey instruments were used to gather data for the study--one survey was mailed to 333 secondary vocational agriculture…

  1. Study on Ecological Ethics Education Survey in Shanwei Vocational and Technical College%高校生态伦理教育调查分析——以汕尾职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗桂云

    2015-01-01

    Ecological ethics education is not only the need of the development of the Time, but also the survival need of young college students. In this paper, we made a survey among the students in Shanwei Polytechnic about the mast er of the knowledge of envirnment protection, the level of environmental consciousness and the environmental behavio r habit. According to the results of investigation, we analyzed the problems and reasons existing in the ecological ethic s education in colleges. And then we proposed that we should strengthen ecological ethics education from the followin g three aspects: giving full play to the government's role, optimizing the ecological ethics education envirnment by "tr ipartite linkage" and improving moral cultivation of ecological ethics.%生态伦理教育是时代发展的需要,也是青年大学生内在的生存需求.通过对汕尾职业技术学院大学生生态环保知识的掌握情况、环保意识水平及环保行为习惯进行实证调查和结果分析,分析高校生态伦理教育中存在的问题和原因,提出了从充分发挥政府的推动作用,"三方联动"优化生态伦理教育环境,加强生态伦理道德修养等三个方面加强生态伦理教育的观点.

  2. IMAGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khadijah Alavi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools. This study was conducted in two zones, namely North (Kedah and central zone (Selangor. Two schools were chosen from each zone, one from the city (Kajang and the other one from rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to obtain the views of parents and teachers. Purposive sampling was selected for the focus group discussions in schools with the participation of PTA members, i.e., parents, teachers, career counselors teachers. The results showed that there were two main themes, namely, positive and negative image of technical education and vocational training among parents and teachers. However, the negative image remained resilient among parents and teachers, especially in deciding on career paths in technical and vocational fields. The researcher also identified several new issues, for example, wastage of manpower in the country, among them due to the weak prerequisite set in selecting students in technical and vocational education system; Students who do not meet the Malay Language (Bahasa Melayu prerequisite are unable to continue studying skills at higher certificate level. Students of Islamic studies and Arabic Language, students with academic excellence and girls who are interested in technical education and vocational training should be considered as a highly skilled workforce in the future. Some implications of this study were presented as suggestion in formulating policies to improve the image of technical education and vocational training.

  3. Re-Engineering Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) for Sustainable Development in North Central Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofoluwe, Abayomi Olumade

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to re-engineer vocational and technical education for sustainable development in the North Central Geo-Political Zone in Nigeria. The research design adopted was a survey inferential type. Stratified random was used to select 36 schools out of 98 schools while 920 students out of 3680 students were sampled. The data…

  4. L2 Reading in Thailand: Vocational College Students' Application of Reading Strategies to Their Reading of English Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasemsap, Bharani; Lee, Hugo Yu-Hsiu

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to explore the application of reading strategies to the reading of English texts by Thai vocational college students. Data were collected via questionnaire surveys, think-aloud experiments and semi-structured interviews. The research results reveal different typologies of reading strategies adopted by lower and higher level English…

  5. Transitions of Young Migrants to Initial Vocational Education and Training in Germany: The Significance of Social Origin and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beicht, Ursula; Walden, Günter

    2017-01-01

    The topic of the present paper is how successful young people from a migration background in Germany are in making the transition to initial vocational education and training (VET). Particular emphasis is placed on interactions with social origin and gender. The analyses are based on the 2011 BIBB Transitional Study, a representative survey of…

  6. Procedural Influence on Internal and External Assessment Scores of Undergraduate Vocational and Technical Education Research Projects in Nigerian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    A. C., John; Manabete, S. S.

    2015-01-01

    This study sought to determine the procedural influence on internal and external assessment scores of undergraduate research projects in vocational and technical education programmes in the university under study. A survey research design was used for the conduct of this study. The population consisted of 130 lecturers and 1,847 students in the…

  7. EXPECTATIONS OF SELECTED ASPECTS OF A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE PROGRAM AS EXPRESSED AT THE LOCAL SCHOOL LEVEL IN NEW YORK STATE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HERNDON, LEO PRICE

    A MAIL SURVEY WAS USED TO DETERMINE (1) WHAT KEY LOCAL PEOPLE FELT SHOULD CONSTITUTE SELECTED ASPECTS OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, YOUNG FARMERS, ADULT FARMERS, AND RELATED AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, AND (2) WHETHER DIFFERENCES IN MEANS OF AGREEMENT WERE AFFECTED BY CLASS GROUPING, ENROLLMENT SIZE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT, AND…

  8. Re-Engineering Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) for Sustainable Development in North Central Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofoluwe, Abayomi Olumade

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to re-engineer vocational and technical education for sustainable development in the North Central Geo-Political Zone in Nigeria. The research design adopted was a survey inferential type. Stratified random was used to select 36 schools out of 98 schools while 920 students out of 3680 students were sampled. The data…

  9. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for Poverty ... with a population of 140 million people is battling with food insecurity, poverty and youth ... in education curricula, agricultural education and the rural poor was discussed.

  10. The "Rubella Bulge" and Vocational Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyks, Hollis W.

    1980-01-01

    The increased numbers and additional handicaps of deaf students born in the 1963-65 rubella epidemic require not more postsecondary programs, but rather strengthened programs and rehabilitation approaches to vocational and independent living skill training. (Author/CL)

  11. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...... training has served as a lever for the gradual expansion of the policy field into both general and higher education and for the establishment of a European discourse on Lifelong Learning. In the article, Ball's concept of "policy as discourse" is used to identify the changing spaces of possibility within...... EC vocational training policy (Ball, What is policy? Texts, trajectories and toolboxes. Discourse, 13(2), 1993)....

  12. Vocational Information-Seeking Behavior: Another View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.

    1984-01-01

    Used an unobtrusive measure to examine vocational information-seeking behavior (VISB) patterns in three groups of noncollege-bound youths (N=95). Results showed no meaningful relationship between VISB and certainty of choice or Holland type. (JAC)

  13. Interest Check List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Employment Security (DOL), Washington, DC.

    The original edition of the Department of Labor Interest Check List aims at helping students decide what kinds of work they would like and lists activities that are found in a broad range of industries and occupations. The student is advised to read each of approximately 175 items and indicate how he feels about the activity described by placing a…

  14. Spousal Conflicts of Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Shana R.

    2005-01-01

    Romantic relationships bud and sometimes bloom in the school district workplace. When those relationships involve a sitting member of a school board or an administrator with responsibility for managing other employees, questions about a conflict of interest will be raised. Most states have laws prohibiting a public official from taking official…

  15. Pronounced Practice & Learners’ Interest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈作棋

    2009-01-01

    <正>The present s tudy presents a detailed report of the project implemented to solve the problem that most of my students don’t like doing the oral practice I assign them to do after class. It is hypothesized that learners’ interest in pronunciation after class will be increased by a better organization in this

  16. Vocational Education in Tourism: Conceptual Framework Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Shchuka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the basic concepts that define the essence of the system of vocational education and helps to analyze the problem of tourism staffing support. According to authors’ hypothesis, the personnel problem is related to the imperfection of the tourism conceptual framework. As of all enterprises of travel industry only travel agencies and accommodation facilities work with tourists, the author proves that personnel training for these businesses is the major objective of vocational training in tourism.

  17. The computer paradigm in vocational guidance

    OpenAIRE

    Fogliatto, Hermelinda

    1999-01-01

    The technological advances in last decades have transformed the external resources of Vocational Counseling, Occupational Information and assessment of clients. Most computer systems follow a behaviorist-cognitive approach. However, the use of vocational counseling software is not exclusive to one conceptual approach. Computers are introduced in education from primary school; counselors and other educators are expected to use those systems. The attitude of counselors ranges from enthusiastic ...

  18. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes...... attempt to summarise the various effects that the colleges have in two relevant figures, namely retention rates of students and employment rates among students who have completed training programmes....

  19. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design proces...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  20. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design process...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  1. Forecasting interest rates with shifting endpoints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Van Dijk, Dick; Koopman, Siem Jan; Wel, Michel van der

    2014-01-01

    We consider forecasting the term structure of interest rates with the assumption that factors driving the yield curve are stationary around a slowly time-varying mean or ‘shifting endpoint’. The shifting endpoints are captured using either (i) time series methods (exponential smoothing) or (ii......) long-range survey forecasts of either interest rates or inflation and output growth, or (iii) exponentially smoothed realizations of these macro variables. Allowing for shifting endpoints in yield curve factors provides substantial and significant gains in out-of-sample predictive accuracy, relative...... to stationary and random walk benchmarks. Forecast improvements are largest for long-maturity interest rates and for long-horizon forecasts....

  2. Medical sociology as a vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosk, Charles L

    2014-12-01

    This article extends Weber's discussion of science as a vocation by applying it to medical sociology. Having used qualitative methods for nearly 40 years to interpret problems of meaning as they arise in the context of health care, I describe how ethnography, in particular, and qualitative inquiry, more generally, may be used as a tool for understanding fundamental questions close to the heart but far from the mind of medical sociology. Such questions overlap with major policy questions such as how do we achieve a higher standard for quality of care and assure the safety of patients. Using my own research, I show how this engagement takes the form of showing how simple narratives of policy change fail to address the complexities of the problems that they are designed to remedy. I also attempt to explain how I balance objectivity with a commitment to creating a more equitable framework for health care. © American Sociological Association 2014.

  3. Survey and analysis of mental health status and coping styles in students from vocational-technical colleges%高职院校学生心理健康状况调查及应对方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚效贤; 姚应水; 陈燕; 黄志伟; 祁秦; 倪仕钢; 康耀文; 聂淼; 臧洪艳; 贺连平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mental health status, important types of psychological problems and coping styles affecting the mental health in academy undergraduates. Methods : We conducted a survey on 3 867 students from two specialized institutions using symptom checklist-90 ( SCL-90 ) and trait coping style questionnaire( TCSQ ). Results: As compared with the National Norms for Youth, the total average score for the subjects on SCL-90 appeared higher regarding the factors of interpersonal sensitivity, depression, hostility, phobic anxiety and psychoticism, which suggested statistical difference ( P < 0. 05 ). Although the total average scores on SCL-90 and related factor scoring were negatively correlated with the active coping styles( P < 0. 01 ),yet positively with the negative coping ones( P <0. 01 ). Conclusion:The mental health status in academy undergraduates seems not so optimistic. Now that the positive coping style is conducive to keeping the mental health in good condition and negative one may produce an adverse effect on the mental health,we suggest that school authorities should take effective measures aiming at the specific problems to improve the mental health levels of this population.%目的:了解专科院校大学生的心理健康状况、心理问题的主要类型以及应对方式对心理健康的影响.方法:采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)及特质应对问卷对两所专科院校3 867名不同专业大学生进行调查.结果:本次调查对象SCL-90的总均分及人际敏感、抑郁、敌对、恐怖、精神病性等因子分高于全国青年常模,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);SCL-90的总均分及其因子分与积极应对方式呈负相关(P<0.01),与消极应对方式呈正相关(P<0.01).结论:专科院校大学生心理健康状况不容乐观;积极应对方式有利于保持心理健康,而消极应对方式则对心理健康造成不良影响,学校应采取有针对性的心理健康教育措施,以提高学生心理健康水平.

  4. Human Resources Development: Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training. Report VIII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The report presents responses from 57 member States of the International Labor Organization (ILO) to 16 questions as part of the preparation for placing an item entitled "Human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training" on the agenda of the 59th (1974) Session of the ILO Conference. For each of the questions, the question…

  5. Relationship of Vocational Satisfaction to the Correspondence of Job Reinforcement and Vocational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Robert R.; Weiss, David J.

    The Theory of Work Adjustment proposes that vocational satisfaction is a function of the correspondence between the reinforcers in the work environment and the individual's vocational needs. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the means and variances of measures of satisfaction for groups differing in degree of need-reinforcer correspondence.…

  6. Comparison of the Vocational Card Sort, the SDS, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    1979-01-01

    The Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), a combination of a Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and an action plan, was evaluated. High school girls took each of the tests. The VEIK failed to surpass the influence of its components. (Author/BEF)

  7. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  8. Occupational Home Economics. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Accessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains home economics occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in child care, custom sewing, or food service. Access skills are defined as those skills needed to access vocational education…

  9. Student and Parent Images of Vocational Education Offerings: Declining Enrollment in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    To investigate factors that influence a student not to enroll in a high school vocational curriculum, a study sought to determine the following: (1) what relationships exist between the high school students' sex, race, socioeconomic status, and curriculum choice and the students' image of vocational education; and (2) what image of vocational…

  10. Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilboe, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

  11. Playing to Learn——The Incorporation of Role-play Exercises into Vocational English Language Classes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡陈红

    2012-01-01

    The following paper investigates the increase in the use of role-play exercises within secondary vocational English teaching.This paper also discusses how to use role-play to stimulate students’ interest in English learning and maximize English teaching efficiency.

  12. Vocational Education in Life Science, Recreation and Agriculture; Course Options and Suggested Courses of Study for New Hampshire High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Hampshire Agricultural Teachers' Association.

    Developed by teacher educators in cooperation with state supervisors of agricultural education, this curriculum guide is for use by teachers, teacher educators, guidance departments, and school administrators. The 4-year curriculum was designed for vocational agriculture students in grades nine through 12 interested in occupations in production…

  13. Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools vs. Canadian Community Colleges: A Comparison of Information Accessibility and Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Norman L.; Smith, Catherine; Davidson, Barry S.; Tanner, Tyrone; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2008-01-01

    Recent reforms in Polish education, Canadian interest in cooperative education, and differences in government involvement in Polish vs. Canadian education motivate the current comparative study of Polish post-secondary vocational schools (PVSs) and Canadian community colleges (CCs). While PVSs and CCs may initially appear equivalent (e.g., both…

  14. EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL STUDENTS WITH HEARING IMPAIREMENTS: EMPLOYERS’ PERSPECTIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Fazlinda Ab Halim; Ab. Rahim Bakar; Ramlah Hamzah; Abdullah Mat Rashid

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to explore the employers’ requirement for employability skills of the technical and vocational students who are hearing impaired. The research instrument used was adapted from the Secretary's Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills (SCANS) which consists of thirty nine items. The employability skills surveyed include basic skills, thinking skills, personal qualities, sourcing skills, information skills, interpersonal skills, system skills and technology skills. The instrument...

  15. Situational interest in engineering design activities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dohn, Niels Bonderup

    2013-01-01

    of a descriptive interpretative analysis of qualitative data from classroom observations and informal interviews. The analysis was complemented by a self-report survey to validate findings and determine prevalence. The analysis revealed four main sources of interest: designing inventions, trial......The aim of the present mixed-method study was to investigate task-based situational interest of sixth grade students (n=46), between 12 and 14 years old, during an eight-week engineering design programme in a Science & Technology-class. Students’ interests were investigated by means......-and-error experimentation, achieved functionality of invention, and collaboration. These sources differ in terms of stimuli factors, such as novelty, autonomy (choice), social involvement, self-generation of interest, and task goal orientation. The study shows that design tasks stimulated interest, but only to the extent...

  16. Situational Interest in Engineering Design Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonderup Dohn, Niels

    2013-08-01

    The aim of the present mixed-method study was to investigate task-based situational interest of sixth grade students (n = 46), between 12 and 14 years old, during an eight-week engineering design programme in a Science & Technology-class. Students' interests were investigated by means of a descriptive interpretative analysis of qualitative data from classroom observations and informal interviews. The analysis was complemented by a self-report survey to validate findings and determine prevalence. The analysis revealed four main sources of interest: designing inventions, trial-and-error experimentation, achieved functionality of invention, and collaboration. These sources differ in terms of stimuli factors, such as novelty, autonomy (choice), social involvement, self-generation of interest, and task goal orientation. The study shows that design tasks stimulated interest, but only to the extent that students were able to self-regulate their learning strategies.

  17. Innovation and social interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vratuša-Žunjić Vera

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on socially and historically structured circumstances surrounding and moral problems involved in the pragmatic definition of innovation as 'novelty proven useful by its users'. Contending conceptions and strategies of innovation of the organization of social relations in dialectical social systems are compared and socially and historically contextualized in the so-called 'transition countries' on the new Eastern border of the European Union. The conclusion is that the cited pragmatic definition of innovation may be misused for an apology of morally dubious new ends and means in the narrow interest of particular groups of users, often at the expense and against the interest of a majority of other individuals and social groups.

  18. Managing conflicts of interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sade, Robert M; Akins, Cary W; Weisel, Richard D

    2015-04-01

    The more extensive conflict of interest information will permit reviewers and editors to ensure the accuracy, balance,and lack of bias of papers accepted for publication.Therefore, a brief conflict statement will be published on the cover page and a more extensive description will be published at the end of the paper to allow concerned readers to make their own judgments about the quality of the information reported.

  19. 基于五年制高职生学习心理特点的专业课教学改革探讨%On the Teaching Reform of the Specialized Curricula Based on the Learning Psychological Characteristics of Five-year System Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚剑

    2014-01-01

    五年制高等职业教育的发展,使高职院校以普通高中毕业生为主要生源的格局发生了很大变化,来自中等职业学校的学生将成为高职院校的主要生源之一。调查发现,五年制高职生存在学习动力不足、学习压力大、缺乏学习兴趣等问题。针对五年制高职生存在的不良学习心理特征,专业课教学要在转变教学理念、创新教学方式、创新学业考核方式等方面下工夫。%With the development of five year system education in higher vocational colleges ,the great changes have taken place in higher vocational colleges in which ordinary high school graduates are the main source of students .Nowadays ,students from the middle occupational schools will be-come the main sources .The survey finds that there exist problems for five-year vocational students such as lack of learning motivation ,learning pressure ,lack of interest in learning problems .Accord-ing to those unhealthy psychological features in five-year system higher vocational education , the teaching reform of specialized curricula should be carried out in teaching ideas ,teaching mode ,inno-vation of academic assessment methods ,etc .

  20. FACTORS OF INFLUENCE ON THE ENTREPRENEURIAL INTEREST: AN ANALYSIS WITH STUDENTS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RELATED COURSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Guilherme Bonfim

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research was to analyze the entrepreneurial interest of students in information technology related courses. A literature review was performed, from which four hypotheses were announced, affirming that the student interest in entrepreneurial activity is influenced by (1 the perceived vocation of the area, (2 the ownership of a company, (3 the perceived social support from friends and family, and (4 the entrepreneurial skills mastery. A field study was developed, with data collected from the 171 students of higher education institutions from Fortaleza. The data were analyzed by using statistical techniques of descriptive analysis, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis. It was found that: (1 students, in general, have a moderate predisposition to engage in entrepreneurial activities; (2 the entrepreneurial interest is influenced by the perceived entrepreneurial vocation of the area, the social support, and the perceived strategic entrepreneurial skills mastery.