WorldWideScience

Sample records for vocational development social

  1. The Research on the Status, Rehabilitation, Education, Vocational Development, Social Integration and Support Services Related to Intellectual Disability in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lihui; Qiu, Zhuoying; Wong, Daniel; Hernandez, Lucy Wong; Zhao, Qianlei

    2010-01-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a prevalent form of non-progressive cognitive impairment. The objectives of this articles are: to analyze the changes of ID in China, including its definition, prevalence, rehabilitation, education, vocational development, social life and support services; to review and to compare the issues of intellectual…

  2. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  3. The Role of Social Partners in the Development of Vocational Training in a Market Economy at the Enterprise Level. Synthesis Report of Subgroup B Meeting, 7-8 March, 1997, Warsaw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gieorgica, Pawel; Luttringer, Jean-Marie

    Vocational training should be a subject of social dialogue at the enterprise level, since enterprises have an essential role in developing continuing vocational training of their employees and are concerned about initial training. European social partners agree that states, enterprises, and individuals have responsibilities in initial vocational…

  4. A Social Neuroscientific Model of Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Sullivan, Brandon A.; Luciana, Monica

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the separate literatures of a neurobiologically based approach system and vocational interests are reviewed and integrated into a social neuroscientific model of the processes underlying interests, based upon the idea of selective approach motivation. The authors propose that vocational interests describe the types of stimuli that…

  5. Will Skills Save Us? Rethinking the Relationships between Vocational Education, Skills Development Policies, and Social Policy in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines experiences with "skills development" in South Africa to contribute to broader debates about "skills" and the relationships between vocational education and development. Numerous policy interventions and the creation of new institutions and systems for skills development in South Africa are widely seen as…

  6. Development of Balanced Scorecard in Higher Education Institutions: Example of Çanakkale Vocational School of Social Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin ERKUL

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Higher education institutions which must adopt themselves to the rapid changes in the world should measure their performance and connect it to a system in the process of continuous development and improvement. Balanced Scorecard which offers an opportunity to the institutions to evaluate their performance from so many different aspects comes to the fore in performance measurement systems and is widely used. In this study, a Balanced Scorecard which can be used in higher education institutions has been proposed. This study, designed as a case study, has been carried out at the Çanakkale Vocational School of Social Sciences. The data obtained from the primary and secondary sources has been analyzed via the descriptive analysis. First, the current situation of the college has been discussed, then performance dimensions, objectives and measures of the Balanced Scorecard have been identified considering the mission, the vision and SWOT analysis results of the college and the applicability of the Balanced Scorecard have been evaluated. As a result, it is concluded that Balanced Scorecard can be formed in all units of the universities and applied effectively in academic and administrative units.

  7. Forming Social Partnership Policy in Vocational Training of Service Sector Specialists in Germany and Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Kredenets Nadiya

    2016-01-01

    The article deals with the problem of forming social partnership policy in vocational training of service sector specialists in Germany and Austria. The foreign and domestic pedagogical experience in establishing an effective system of social partnership in vocational education has been analyzed. The author has considered main factors of social partnership development in vocational education that influence the forming of normative and legal support; a multilevel structure of government manage...

  8. Reflections on Developing Secondary Vocational Education in High-Poverty Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiang; Chen, Guofeng

    2013-01-01

    Developing vocational education is a necessity for the economic and social development of high-poverty areas in China. But vocational education in impoverished areas lacks social recognition and faces funding shortages, along with difficulties in recruiting students. Vocational high schools themselves also have shortcomings. This article considers…

  9. Reflections on Developing Secondary Vocational Education in High-Poverty Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiang; Chen, Guofeng

    2013-01-01

    Developing vocational education is a necessity for the economic and social development of high-poverty areas in China. But vocational education in impoverished areas lacks social recognition and faces funding shortages, along with difficulties in recruiting students. Vocational high schools themselves also have shortcomings. This article considers…

  10. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  11. Forming Social Partnership Policy in Vocational Training of Service Sector Specialists in Germany and Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kredenets Nadiya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of forming social partnership policy in vocational training of service sector specialists in Germany and Austria. The foreign and domestic pedagogical experience in establishing an effective system of social partnership in vocational education has been analyzed. The author has considered main factors of social partnership development in vocational education that influence the forming of normative and legal support; a multilevel structure of government management, powers of employers and trade unions, regional economic development authorities of local government (industrial, commercial, trade, agricultural units, professional orientation of future specialists vocational education institutions and enterprises where specialists are trained; continuous monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; mechanisms of multivariate and multilevel approach to vocational education funding. Based on the analysis of scientific and reference sources the author has concluded that the main feature of vocational education in Germany and Austria is the participation of social partners who make common decisions and bear responsibility for normative and legal support; a multilevel management structure; monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; an optimal combination of theoretical and practical vocational training of future specialists.

  12. An overview of the social image of Vocational Education: a path towards its appreciation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique García Jiménez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Historically, Vocational Education in Spain has suffered a situation of political oversight that, unlike other industrialized countries, it has been conferred a social discredit that is reflected in the lower levels of enrollment in these teachings, traditionally considered "second class" in comparison to university studies. While it is true, it has been developed in recent decades political initiatives to prestige Vocational Education. We point out, hence, what these initiatives are and characteristics of these teachings which, together with the current economic and social situation have helped to positively transform their social image and, therefore, have contributed to a significant increase in enrollment. Also, in this paper the results of an investigation is presented that allow to think that this evolution of the social image of Vocational Educationis perceived by teachers that, as we shall see, consider that it has made good progress in the dignity of these teachings.

  13. Children's Vocational Development: A Research Rationale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porfeli, Erik J.; Hartung, Paul J.; Vondracek, Fred W.

    2008-01-01

    Vocational development research and interventions have focused primarily on adolescents and young adults. The lack of attention to career development antecedents in children has led to a serious neglect of this period of life when the foundation is laid for career choices and outcomes in later life. A harmful by-product is the frequent preclusion…

  14. Research and Development Needs of Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V., Ed.

    Intended to provide information on applied research and development (R&D) priorities in vocational education and on the type of R&D required for each need, this report is divided into (1) an introduction to the problem and procedures, (2) a content analysis of selected documents, and (3) background papers for selected need areas. Chapter 1…

  15. Vocational Education Curriculum Development. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlichting, Harley

    A project was conducted at the University of Missouri-Columbia to develop, revise, and complete curriculum materials for nine secondary vocational education programs and specialized areas: forestry, advanced crops, clerical/secretarial, junior high home economics, textile fibers, drafting and design, metals, licensed practical nursing/advanced…

  16. Schools and Work: Developments in Vocational Education. Cassell Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffey, David

    This book assesses the developing vocational functions of schools in Britain, identifies vocational values and policies, and discovers gaps in provision. Chapter 1 gives a summary analysis of school structural and curricular developments between medieval times and the reign of Victoria that were inspired by vocational or economic influences or had…

  17. Vocational Training in the Development Process. The Singapore Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, G. F.

    The planning and implementation of vocational training in Singapore (training primarily intended for school-leavers) is highly directed toward serving labor force development objectives. This paper explains the vocational training infrastructure (a national system, the conduct of which is vested in the Vocational and Industrial Training Board),…

  18. Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munley, Patrick H.

    1975-01-01

    Stage resolution attitudes, derived from the first six stage crises outlined by Erikson, were explored as variables influencing problems in vocational choice and vocational maturity. Findings indicated students who made adjusted vocational choices and developed mature career attitudes had also been more successful resolving the first six…

  19. Vocational Training and Social Inclusion. At a Glance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Jo

    2011-01-01

    Social inclusion has become a key focus for public policy in Australia, with governments supporting interventions that aim to improve the lives of those who are disengaged or disadvantaged. One of the key areas of concern is raising the educational levels of individuals. Vocational education and training (VET) has long played an important role in…

  20. Maladaptive social behaviour of students in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koerhuis, Marie-José

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was twofold: Firstly to create a reliable and valid new instrument to measure maladaptive social behaviour (MSB) of students in secondary vocational education, and secondly to assess which school context variables could predict MSB at school. Three data-waves were conducted

  1. Outcomes of a Social and Vocational Skills Support Group for Adolescents and Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillier, Ashleigh; Fish, Tom; Cloppert, Patricia; Beversdorf, David Q.

    2007-01-01

    Adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently experience social isolation and vocational failure. Although social skills groups are vital, relatively few model programs have been developed for this age group. This article reviews the model and evaluation of the Aspirations program, an 8-week social and vocational…

  2. Human Resources Development: Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training. Report VIII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The report presents responses from 57 member States of the International Labor Organization (ILO) to 16 questions as part of the preparation for placing an item entitled "Human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training" on the agenda of the 59th (1974) Session of the ILO Conference. For each of the questions, the question…

  3. Study on the Needs of Continuing Vocational Training for Social Workers in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preslava Dimitrova

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The occupation of the social worker in modern times is challenged by the dynamically changing economic and social environment, growing requirements to their qulifications and competences and the needs of gaining new skills and permanen development and improvement. The aim of the presented study of defining the needs for continuing vocational training of specialists providing social services is to provide recommendations regarding the need of training for skills contributing to the increase in the degree of correspondence between labor supply and demand on the labor market, contributing to the improvement of the quality of the labor force in the country as a competitive factor with an increasing importance for successful economic development. The investigation and the specific examples discussed can be a solid basis for future studies and development of models for improvement the system of continuing and vocational training for acquiring the needed knowledge, skills and competences for effective work.

  4. Brief Report: A Pilot Summer Robotics Camp to Reduce Social Anxiety and Improve Social/Vocational Skills in Adolescents with ASD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaboski, Juhi R.; Diehl, Joshua John; Beriont, Jane; Crowell, Charles R.; Villano, Michael; Wier, Kristin; Tang, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This pilot study evaluated a novel intervention designed to reduce social anxiety and improve social/vocational skills for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intervention utilized a shared interest in robotics among participants to facilitate natural social interaction between individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD)…

  5. Brief Report: A Pilot Summer Robotics Camp to Reduce Social Anxiety and Improve Social/Vocational Skills in Adolescents with ASD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaboski, Juhi R.; Diehl, Joshua John; Beriont, Jane; Crowell, Charles R.; Villano, Michael; Wier, Kristin; Tang, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This pilot study evaluated a novel intervention designed to reduce social anxiety and improve social/vocational skills for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The intervention utilized a shared interest in robotics among participants to facilitate natural social interaction between individuals with ASD and typically developing (TD)…

  6. The Effects of Vocational Leadership Development for Individuals Who Participated in the Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leimbach, Gale John

    The effects of vocational leadership development were studied for 23 Fellows enrolled in the 1992 Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute (OVELI). A literature review focused on four components: leadership styles, educational leadership development, vocational leadership development, and visionary leadership development. The Leadership…

  7. The Paradigm Revolution in Inquiry: Implications for Vocational Research and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guba, Egon G.

    While the rationalistic approach traditionally employed in research and development efforts in the social sciences may be the best method of inquiry to use in the physical sciences, social scientists, and, more particularly, vocational education researchers, would do better to adopt a naturalistic method of research. The naturalist approach to…

  8. Operational Model for Career Development and Vocational Preparation. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upton, Anne L.; Barrett, Samuel L.

    Three California State Department units (vocational education, pupil personnel services, and career education) and two school districts (Fremont Unified and Huntington Beach Union High) established a consortium to develop demonstration sites for model career development and vocational preparation systems and staff development programs. The…

  9. Social Status Identity: Antecedents and Vocational Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Mindi N.; Subich, Linda M.

    2011-01-01

    This study extended the literature on potential antecedents and outcomes of perceived social status, or differential status identity (DSI). Fouad and Brown's DSI was used as a conceptual lens for examining the relation of supports and barriers to an individual's perceived social status and subsequent career indecisiveness and career decision…

  10. Vocational Behavior and Career Development, 1983: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Heesacker, Martin

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the literature related to vocational behavior and career development published during 1983, including 445 articles in 42 journals. The review is organized around issues pertinent to the counseling psychology perspective (career development, vocational choice, assessment, intervention) and the industrial/organizational psychology…

  11. Development and Implementation of Continuing Vocational Pedagogic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Zhukov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to organizing and ensuring the effectiveness of continuing vocational education. The author describes the general theoretical idea of a lifelong education that no longer raises any doubts and objections. The continuing education is regarded as a versatile process affecting psychological, social and professional spheres, and requiring therefore the integrative – i. e. personal, social and competence approach.Referring to the expertise of Kemerovo region, the author considers the functional aspects of continuing vocational teacher training. The main emphasis is on the advantages of the network cooperation of institutions representing different educational levels and structures. Such cooperation involves the qualitative changes of content, as well as economics and management of vocational education. The experimental project of the network lead-up for vocational training masters is described. 

  12. Perceived Social Support and Locus of Control as the Predictors of Vocational Outcome Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isik, Erkan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of vocational outcome expectation to social support which is an environmental factor and locus of control which is a personal factor. With this purpose, using Social Cognitive Career Theory as the theoretical framework, 263 undergraduate students completed Vocational Outcome Expectations…

  13. Higher Vocational Education and Social Mobility: Educational Participation in Australia and England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Sue; Bathmaker, Ann-Marie; Gale, Trevor; Hodge, Steven; Parker, Stephen; Rawolle, Shaun

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the issue of social mobility in relation to the recent expansion of higher vocational education (HIVE) by non-university providers. The post-school vocational education sector has become the object of policies to widen access to higher education to ensure greater social mobility and provide second chance education to those…

  14. Life History Influences on Holland Vocational Type Development. ASHE 1988 Annual Meeting Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, John C.

    The relative influence of selected life history experiences on the development of three vocational types (investigative, social, and enterprising) proposed by J. L. Holland is studied using causal modeling procedures. The lack of explicitness in the developmental postulates of Holland's theory is seen as a major deficiency. Among the principal…

  15. Analysis on Vocational Education and Social Mobility of New Generation Migrant Workers:A Case Study of Shijiazhuang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongyan; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Based on survey data of current situations of new generation migrant workers vocational education and its influence on social mobility in Shijiazhuang City, the author believes that there are many drawbacks in vocational education of new generation migrant workers, including low participationt and varied training environment of enterprises. In addition, the influence of vocational education of migrant workers on social mobility is not very satisfactory. Finally, it presents countermeasures for improving vocational education, to promote social mobility of new generation migrant workers.

  16. Le marché social à vocation economique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalid Louizi

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur analyse le processus de mise en place d’un capital social ayant pour objectif de favoriser l’insertion des personnes en situation d’isolement. L’individu isolé ne profite pas des autres pour améliorer sa situation. Par conséquent, ne disposant d’aucun capital social, la personne isolée ne peut donc augmenter sa chance d’employabilité. Dans cette perspective, nous nous référerons aux travaux de recherche sur le concept de capital social et plus particulièrement à ceux portant sur le rôle des réseaux sociaux. L’hypothèse retenue est de démontrer que la lutte contre le chômage et les exclusions est en grande partie tributaire de l’insertion dans un réseau. Ce dernier produit “la relation” qui est un input nécessaire à la formation du capital social. Ce dernier est le résultat d’un échange d’où notre postulat du marché social à vocation économique.

  17. Vocational Rehabilitation Partnerships: Optimizing the Social Value Return on Investment of Employment Outcomes for People with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos-Olszowy, Lorraine Florence

    2011-01-01

    This applied research project was developed to examine the social value return of investment (SV-ROI) of a community rehabilitation provider (CRP) in order to identify services that may optimize employment outcomes, better understand the associated factors affecting the employment outcomes and retention, and explore how vocational rehabilitation…

  18. A Combined Social Action, Mixed Methods Approach to Vocational Guidance Efficacy Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Justin C.

    2009-01-01

    This article proposes a social action, mixed methods approach to verifying the efficacy of vocational guidance programs. Research strategies are discussed in the context of how the processes and purposes of efficacy research have been conceptualized and studied in vocational psychology. Examples of how to implement this approach in future efficacy…

  19. Vocationalism in Higher Education: Explanations from Social Theory. ASHE Annual Meeting 1980 Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roemer, Robert E.

    Three social theories (status-competition theory, functionalism, and legitimation theory) are considered as explanations of a growing vocationalism in higher education. Vocationalism is used to refer to an increasing interest among undergraduate students in pursuing studies that lead directly to occupational competence. Status-competition theory…

  20. Rescaling Vocational Education: Workforce Development in a Metropolitan Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakes, Richard D.

    2008-01-01

    This article profiles a vocational charter school located in Atlanta as an institutional model for customized industry training in the high-tech production firms located nearby. Social partnerships with business and industry, parents and educators, and elected officials will be illuminated, exhibiting new forms of neoliberalism that reconstitute…

  1. Vocational Literacy in Mozambique: Historical Development, Current Challenges and Contradictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Popov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The study analyses the historical development of vocational literacy in basic education and Non-Formal Vocational Education (NFVE in Mozambique, as well as current challenges and contradictions. The theoretical lens of Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT is employed in the study. Methodologically the study was executed through an analysis of oral, printed and e-resources produced by the main stakeholders and also the reflective experiences of the authors in their extensive educational work in the country. The findings reveal poorly developed vocational literacy education in schools and non-formal settings in spite of recurrent political declarations about its importance. There is a strong dependence by formal and particularly NFVE sectors on the technical and financial support provided by international organisations. Vocational literacy courses are characterized by a lack of adequate equipment and poor practice. As a consequence, theoretical or elementary forms of vocational knowledge are dominant in the courses, resulting in the dissatisfaction of both learners and educators. Vocational literacy development proved to be a complex field that faces many challenges and ischaracterised by diverse internal contradictions.

  2. Vocational Hope and Vocational Identity: Urban Adolescents' Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diemer, Matthew A.; Blustein, David L.

    2007-01-01

    Emancipatory communitarian perspectives advocate for theory, research, and action that address the needs of oppressed groups, such as urban adolescents. Considering the dearth of instruments sensitive to the career development needs of urban adolescents, this study examined the component structure of three indices of career development with 220…

  3. [Development of sociopsychological adaptation of schoolchildren and vocational school pupils].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goncharov, G A; Nadezhdin, D S

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to comparatively analyze the influence of family factors on social and psychological adaptation and achievement motivation in pupils from general education schools and in their coevals from vocational educational schools (VES). An experimental study was conducted in 10th-form pupils from a number of Moscow schools and persons of the same age who were one-year course pupils from a Moscow VES. A total of 242 pupils, including 130 schoolchildren and 112 one-year course pupils from the VES, were examined. The social and psychological adaptation questionnaire developed by K. Rodgers and R. Diamond was used to estimate achievement motivation by the Mehrabian test. The performed study confirmed the negative impact of poor family relations on pupils' sociological and psychological adaptation independently of the type of a general educational establishment. The high maternal educational level had a good effect on the adaptability of schoolchildren, that of boys in particular, whereas the paternal educational status is of the same value to VES pupils. Family relations and maternal and paternal education levels significantly affect the formation of achievement motive in pupils and their social and psychological adaptation as a whole.

  4. Developing Vocational Competences during Secondary School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behle, Heike

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Using the example of an amalgamated secondary school qualification (International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme--IBCP), in which both vocational education and training (VET) and academic subjects are taught, the paper aims to discuss the use of skills and knowledge gained during the IBCP for post-secondary school activities.…

  5. Determination of Self-Development in the Vocational Educational Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. F. Zeer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the concept of vocational educational environment combining vocational training, professional development and professional world. The research is aimed at the self-determination analysis of an individual in the above environment. The authors observe the two existing trends of self-development analysis, corresponding with the subjective activity and culturally historical approaches. The empirical research results involve the students’ subjective individual characteristics and factors influencing the self-development strategy selection. The research findings prove the earlier hypothesis of the self- development phenomenon being determined by the two mutually conditioned factors: personal self-control ability and interrelation of the above mentioned components of the vocational educational environment. The authors make the conclusion that the self-development prospects are determined by the internal and external motivation, professional mobility and striving for success. The determination specificity of professional self- development, identified by the authors, can provide the psychological basis for future specialists training. 

  6. An Analysis of Teacher's Professional Development of Higher Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫艳萍

    2016-01-01

    Teachers are the backbones of any educational institutions. They not only play vital roles in students'development;they also directly affect the stature of their respective scholastic organizations. Highly qualified instructors produce competent and well-rounded students—learners who are more than ready to face the quirks and challenges of the labor force. This paper primarily discusses the following questions:What is teacher's professional development? What is higher vocational teacher's professional development? And how can scholastic institutions promote it? The conclusion states that the characteristics of high-er vocational education directly influence the higher vocational teacher's professional development;therefore, it must be nur-tured and promoted for the development of all the stakeholders of learning institutions–students, teachers, management staff, the learning institution itself, and the nation as a whole.

  7. [Vocational and occupational counseling of handicapped patients--a comprehensive social federal responsibility].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedon, W; Albrecht, H J

    1989-11-01

    The extensive vocational and employment information and counselling possibilities available in the framework of our social services system in the FRG, are aimed at attaining optimum vocational integration of the disabled clients. The legal foundations are in particular to be found in the Social Code and the rehabilitation adjustment act. Servicing some 80% of all disabled clients in this field, the Federal Employment Institute is the main financially responsible administration in vocational rehabilitation. The services and benefits provided are based on the employment promotion act and the directive of the Institute's governing body concerning industrial and vocational rehabilitation of disabled persons (AReha). Successful vocational counselling outcomes presuppose client participation; counselling contacts are free of charge to the rehabilitee, and are sought on a voluntary basis. The local employment office's medical and/or psychological services will in many cases by called in by the counsellor. If these services do not arrive at a satisfactory proposal either, vocational assessment and work testing measures in vocational training or retraining centers are indicated. Vocational preparation may in addition be useful, e.g. in the form of promotional courses and/or pre-rehabilitation courses. The catalogue of services and benefits available is complex and adjustable to individual needs. The rehabilitation measures provided invariably are aimed at achieving entry into long-term employment. When necessary, the disabled clients are followed-along by the counsellors until this goal is attained.

  8. Vocational Education of Handicapped Students: A Guide for Policy Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Sharon; Ward, Michael

    Designed to assist state and local educational agencies and intermeidate educational units in developing administrative policies for the vocational education of handicapped students, the manual address present policy areas and administrative concerns. Guidelines are presented for policy development in the following nine areas (examples of…

  9. A Development Dilemma for Secondary Vocational Education: Instrumentalist Tendencies in Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dong

    2013-01-01

    Human resource development is one of the theories guiding China's development of secondary vocational education. Secondary vocational education has always played a role in human resource training and development from the nation's founding to the present. In Chinese society today, however, there is a clear instrumentalist tendency in secondary…

  10. A Development Dilemma for Secondary Vocational Education: Instrumentalist Tendencies in Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dong

    2013-01-01

    Human resource development is one of the theories guiding China's development of secondary vocational education. Secondary vocational education has always played a role in human resource training and development from the nation's founding to the present. In Chinese society today, however, there is a clear instrumentalist tendency in secondary…

  11. A Development Dilemma for Secondary Vocational Education: Instrumentalist Tendencies in Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dong

    2013-01-01

    Human resource development is one of the theories guiding China's development of secondary vocational education. Secondary vocational education has always played a role in human resource training and development from the nation's founding to the present. In Chinese society today, however, there is a clear instrumentalist tendency in…

  12. Exploring Professional Development Practices for Vocational Education and Training Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kim

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the practice of professional development within the Vocational Education and Training (VET) arena. The study object was to gain the perceptions held by a selected group of VET educators in the tourism and hospitality sector of the professional teaching/training competencies required for effective practice. The study was…

  13. The Impact of Vocational Schooling on Human Capital Development in Developing Countries: Evidence from China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loyalka, Prashant; Huang, Xiaoting; Zhang, Linxiu; Wei, Jianguo; Yi, Hongmei; Song, Yingquan; Ren, Baoping; Shi, Yaojiang; Chu, James; Maani, May; Rozelle, Scott

    2014-01-01

    A number of developing countries currently identify vocational education and training (VET) as a key approach to building human capital. For example, the promotion of VET at the high school level ("vocational high school", which is used here interchangeably with VET throughout the paper) has become a policy priority among emerging…

  14. The Social Benefits of Initial Vocational Education and Training for Individuals in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabates, Ricardo; Salter, Emma; Obolenskaya, Polina

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the social benefits of initial vocational education and training (VET) for individuals in different European contexts. Drawing on data from the European Community Household Panel, results show that initial VET is associated with positive changes in social outcomes for individuals across Europe. Health benefits were mainly…

  15. The Role of Vocational Education in Economic Development in Malaysia: Educators' and Employers' Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustapha, Ramlee B.; Greenan, James P.

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 276 of 300 vocational educators and 53 of 120 employers in Malaysia indicated that both groups believed vocational education contributes to economic development and vocational graduates had good technical skills but needed better employability skills. They wanted more government collaboration with the private sector. (Contains 26…

  16. The Role of Vocational Education in Economic Development in Malaysia: Educators' and Employers' Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustapha, Ramlee B.; Greenan, James P.

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 276 of 300 vocational educators and 53 of 120 employers in Malaysia indicated that both groups believed vocational education contributes to economic development and vocational graduates had good technical skills but needed better employability skills. They wanted more government collaboration with the private sector. (Contains 26…

  17. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  18. Quality of life and social and vocational integration of young people with disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Riaño-Galán

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although some answers are being found to address the challenge of integrating disabled people into the workplace, there is still a long way to go. This paper, developed at a special needs education center by way of a First Vocational Qualification Program (or PCPI in Spanish, presents the design for a person-centered job placement plan. The research aims to offer a model of good practices that will enable other groups and education centers to continue working to improve their students’ integration into the workplace. Lastly, it offers a reflection on what PCPIs have meant up to now for people with disabilities or at risk of social exclusion, and teacher responsibility in light of the new educational model proposed by the new Spanish education law.

  19. Business as a Vocation: Catholic Social Teaching and Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkson, Peter K. A.

    2012-01-01

    Building on "Vocation of the Business Leader," the recently released document from the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, along with input from Catholic business and educational leaders from around the world, this essay examines five pillars on which a Catholic business school should build its mission: foundations; the purpose of…

  20. Business as a Vocation: Catholic Social Teaching and Business Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkson, Peter K. A.

    2012-01-01

    Building on "Vocation of the Business Leader," the recently released document from the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, along with input from Catholic business and educational leaders from around the world, this essay examines five pillars on which a Catholic business school should build its mission: foundations; the purpose of…

  1. Returns to General, Technical, and Vocational Education in Developing Countries: Recent Evidence from Suriname.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Andrew W.; Schenzler, Christopher

    1999-01-01

    Employing a new Surinam data set, estimates private and social returns to technical, vocational, and two general-education tracks (mathematics and language). For both genders, returns to either track exceed returns to general or vocational education. Female returns to the language track exceed those to mathematics; males show the reverse. (36…

  2. An Emancipatory Communitarian Approach to Vocational Development Theory, Research, and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blustein, David L.; McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; Perry, Justin C.

    2005-01-01

    Building on recent calls for a more explicit and intentional endorsement of social justice goals within counseling psychology and vocational psychology, this article proposes Prilleltensky's (1997) emancipatory communitarian approach to psychological practice as a useful framework for vocational theory, practice, and research. Such a framework…

  3. Sociopolitical development, work salience, and vocational expectations among low socioeconomic status African American, Latin American, and Asian American youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diemer, Matthew A; Wang, Qiu; Moore, Traymanesha; Gregory, Shannon R; Hatcher, Keisha M; Voight, Adam M

    2010-05-01

    Structural barriers constrain marginalized youths' development of work salience and vocational expectations. Sociopolitical development (SPD), the consciousness of, and motivation to reduce, sociopolitical inequality, may facilitate the negotiation of structural constraints. A structural model of SPD's impact on work salience and vocational expectations was proposed and its generalizability tested among samples of low-socioeconomic-status African American, Latin American, and Asian American youth, with Educational Longitudinal Study data. Measurement and temporal invariance of these constructs was first established before testing the proposed model across the samples. Across the three samples, 10th-grade SPD had significant effects on 10th-grade work salience and vocational expectations; 12th-grade SPD had a significant effect on 12th-grade work salience. Tenth-grade SPD had significant indirect effects on 12th-grade work salience and on 12th-grade vocational expectations for all three samples. These results suggest that SPD facilitates the agentic negotiation of constraints on the development of work salience and vocational expectations. Given the impact of adolescent career development on adult occupational attainment, SPD may also foster social mobility among youth constrained by an inequitable opportunity structure.

  4. Developing a Virtual Reality-Based Vocational Rehabilitation Training Program for Patients with Schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohn, Bo Kyung; Hwang, Jae Yeon; Park, Su Mi; Choi, Jung-Seok; Lee, Jun-Young; Lee, Ji Yeuon; Jung, Hee-Yeon

    2016-11-01

    Maintaining employment is difficult for patients with schizophrenia because of deterioration of psychosocial and cognitive functions. Such patients usually require vocational rehabilitation training, which is both demanding and costly. In this study, we developed a virtual reality-based vocational rehabilitation training program (VR-VRTP) for such patients and evaluated its feasibility as an alternative to traditional rehabilitation programs. We developed the VR-VRTP to include various situations commonly encountered in two types of occupations: convenience store employee and supermarket clerk. We developed practical situations, as well as a system for providing feedback, to ensure patients would not lose interest during training. Nine participants each performed the VR-VRTP repeatedly per week for a total of 8 weeks. At baseline and after training, all participants were evaluated using the following clinical and neuropsychological tests: Manchester Scale, Clinical Global Impression, Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Zung Depression Rating Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Stroop Test, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (RCFT), and Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). After training, patient scores improved on the PSP, general symptoms on the Manchester Scale, AVLT, and delayed recall on the RCFT. The Manchester positive symptom score showed a trend of improvement. No significant changes were observed for other measures. The VR-VRTP may improve general psychosocial function and memory, potentially influencing real-world vocational performance. These findings provide preliminary evidence regarding the utility of the VR-VRTP in patients with schizophrenia.

  5. Vocational Education and Training--An Engine for Economic Growth and a Vehicle for Social Inclusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) has in recent years enjoyed a revival for two major reasons. Firstly, it is regarded as a suitable means of promoting economic growth. Secondly, it is seen as a potentially powerful tool for fostering social inclusion. In this review, these assumed effects are critically examined on the basis of the vastly…

  6. A Phenomenological Study Exploring the Educational, Vocational and Social Experiences of College Educated Individuals Who Are Visually Impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Mary-Anne M.

    2010-01-01

    Students who are visually impaired have significantly lower educational and vocational success rates than their nondisabled peers (Hasazi, Johnson, Hasazi, Gordon, & Hull, 1989; Nagle, 2001). A qualitative phenomenological study was conducted to explore the educational, vocational and social experiences of college educated individuals who were…

  7. Achievement Motivation and the Vocational Development of Adolescent Women: A Review and Application of Achievement Motivation Research to Vocational Development Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celkis, Ruta

    Achievement motivation research provides a basis for understanding the processes by which socialization into stereotypical feminine roles shapes the educational and vocational aspirations of adolescent women. Young women are socialized to be interested in pleasing others, motivated to achieve in traditionally feminine areas, and fearful of success…

  8. Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienengräber, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence Kohlberg…

  9. Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienengräber, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence Kohlberg…

  10. Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienengräber, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence…

  11. Research on Strengthening and Improving Social Vocational Skills Training Mechanism%加强完善社会职业技能培训机制的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜树杰; 李炜; 侯晓静

    2016-01-01

    vocational skill training is an important constituent part of labor and social protection work and takes the important responsibility for strengthening the worker qualities and promoting eco‐nomic and social development .To strengthen and improve the social vocational skill training mechanism shall face and solve the problems existing in the current vocational skill training work . During the process of strengthening the fundamental capability establishment of vocational skill training and impro‐ving the modern vocational skill training mechanism ,it shall be highlighted to accelerate the modern vo‐cational education ,support and help the vocational education development so as to ensure every student to become talented and excellent .%职业技能培训是劳动和社会保障工作的重要组成部分,承担着增强劳动者的素质和促进经济与社会发展的重任。加强和完善社会职业技能培训机制应正视和解决当前职业技能培训工作中存在的问题,在加强职业技能培训基础能力建设,健全完善现代职业技能培训机制的探索中把加快发展现代职业教育摆在更加突出的位置,更好支持和帮助职业教育发展,为人人成才,人人出彩提供保障。

  12. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  13. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  14. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    . Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions......Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational...

  15. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational....... Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions...

  16. The Development of Vocational Vehicle Drive Cycles and Segmentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, Adam W [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Phillips, Caleb T [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Konan, Arnaud M [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Kelly, Kenneth J [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-09-28

    results of the statistical analysis performed by NREL, review of the logistic model developed to predict cluster membership, and a discussion and detailed summary of the development of the vocational drive cycle weights and representative transient drive cycles for testing and simulation. Additional discussion of known limitations and potential future work are also included in the report content.

  17. A Study of Factors Associated with the Vocational Development of High School Agricultural Occupations Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byler, Bennie L.; Hemp, Paul E.

    Among the most crucial problems facing young people today are decisions in the process of vocational development. This study was designed to determine if there are differences in certain aspects of vocational development among the groups of high school agriculture students who plan to enter on-farm agricultural occupations, those who plan to enter…

  18. Vocational Interests and Career Goals: Development and Relations to Personality in Middle Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschi, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Cross-sectional research implies a close relation of vocation interests, goals, and traits, yet little is known about their reciprocal development over time. This longitudinal study examined development of Things/People (T/P) and Data/Ideas (D/I) vocational interests and career goals in relation to Big Five personality traits among 292 Swiss…

  19. Social-cognitive predictors of vocational outcomes in transition youth with epilepsy: Application of social cognitive career theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Connie; Connor, Annemarie

    2017-08-01

    This study examined the utility of social-cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) as a framework to investigate career self-efficacy, outcome expectations, goals, and contextual supports and barriers as predictors of choice actions among transition-age individuals with epilepsy. Moreover, these SCCT constructs are offered as an operational definition of work participation in this population. Using a quantitative descriptive research design and hierarchical regression analysis (HRA), 90 transition-age individuals with epilepsy, age 18-25, were recruited from affiliates of the Epilepsy Foundation and invited to complete an online survey comprised of a series of self-report social-cognitive measures. The HRA findings indicated that self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and environmental supports were significant predictors of work participation in youth and young adults with epilepsy. The final model accounted for 58% of the variance in work participation, which is considered a large effect size. The research findings provide support for the use of the SCCT framework to identify predictors of work participation and to provide guidance for designing customized vocational rehabilitation services and career development interventions for individuals with epilepsy in the transition from adolescence to adulthood. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. The Effectiveness of the Additional Vocational Education and Staff Development for Industrial Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. S. Kalabina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the course of the Russian economy modernization, developing the effec- tive system of vocational training and further professional training appears to be the main condition for the dynamic competitive advantage of industrial enterprises. The paper inves- tigates the urgent issue of developing the system of additional vocational training and staff development with the reference to the ever-changing institutional logic controlling the em- ployee – employer relations. The paper presents the review of theoretic approaches to the system of additional vocational training, as well as the economic analysis and estimates of return on investment in different forms of vocational training. The methodological approach to the system efficiency estimation is given along with the factors determining the forma- tion and development of vocational training system. Based on the research findings, the recommendations integrating the staff development policy are given aimed at promoting the effectiveness of the employee – employer relations. 

  1. On the Social Functions of Higher Vocational Education%高职教育社会功能探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴云

    2014-01-01

    The social functions of higher vocational education are embodied in industrial upgrade, hi-tech talents demand in economic transformation, social mobility, community development and service, modern view on labor force and edge-cutting technology culture. This study recognizes that further work is needed to promote the social roles of higher vocational education.%高职教育的社会功能表现在满足产业升级、经济转轨对高端人才、高端技术的紧迫需求;促进社会阶层的合理流动;与社区共同成长,为社区服务,推动社区发展;改变传统观念中对体力劳动者的轻视并营建现代技术文化。目前高职教育的社会功能还有待于进一步完善。

  2. Modeling the Development of Vocational Competence: A Psychometric Model for Economic Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Viola Katharina; Winther, Esther; Festner, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the development of vocational competence through economic vocational educational training (VET) from a theoretical and psychometric perspective. Most assessment and competence models tend to adopt a state perspective toward assessments of competence and carve out different structures of competence for diverse vocational…

  3. Curriculum Design Practices of a Vocational Community College in a Developing Context: Challenges and Needs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Albashiry, N.M.; Voogt, J.M.; Pieters, J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Aligning vocational curricula with the labor market needs is a common reported challenge in developing countries. Little is known, however, about how vocational community colleges in such contexts regularly review and redesign their curricula to ensure the quality and relevance of their programs. Fr

  4. The Impact of Vocational Education Research and Development: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel Clifton

    Literature on vocational education research and development (R&D) was reviewed to determine the distribution, utilization, and impact of R&D information and products. The literature indicated both slightly and strongly negative findings on the dissemination of vocational education R&D products. Many of the studies described strategies for product…

  5. Modeling the Development of Vocational Competence: A Psychometric Model for Economic Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Viola Katharina; Winther, Esther; Festner, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the development of vocational competence through economic vocational educational training (VET) from a theoretical and psychometric perspective. Most assessment and competence models tend to adopt a state perspective toward assessments of competence and carve out different structures of competence for diverse vocational…

  6. Development of Plurilingual Competencies through Vocationally Oriented Language Learning in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movchan, Larysa

    2014-01-01

    The article tackles the problem of developing plurilingual competencies through vocationally oriented foreign language in Sweden. The author analyses the pedagogical conditions of realization of plurilingual education at upper-secondary schools, vocational and higher education establishments and the aspects of teacher education for this purpose.…

  7. The Role of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohiwerei, Franklin Ohiole; Nwosu, Basil Ogomeziem

    2013-01-01

    The researchers tried to ascertain the role of vocational and technical education in the Nigeria economic development using historical survey in analyzing the views of various academic authors in an attempt to inform researchers' on current issues on the field. The research reveals that there was a defect in the curriculum of vocational and…

  8. Curriculum Design Practices of a Vocational Community College in a Developing Context: Challenges and Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albashiry, Nabeel M.; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2015-01-01

    Aligning vocational curricula with the labor market needs is a common reported challenge in developing countries. Little is known, however, about how vocational community colleges in such contexts regularly review and redesign their curricula to ensure the quality and relevance of their programs. From a curriculum design (CD) perspective, this…

  9. The Role of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohiwerei, Franklin Ohiole; Nwosu, Basil Ogomeziem

    2013-01-01

    The researchers tried to ascertain the role of vocational and technical education in the Nigeria economic development using historical survey in analyzing the views of various academic authors in an attempt to inform researchers' on current issues on the field. The research reveals that there was a defect in the curriculum of vocational and…

  10. The Impact of Vocational Education Research and Development: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel Clifton

    Literature on vocational education research and development (R&D) was reviewed to determine the distribution, utilization, and impact of R&D information and products. The literature indicated both slightly and strongly negative findings on the dissemination of vocational education R&D products. Many of the studies described strategies…

  11. The Inspiration Given by the Successful Practice of Development of Higher Vocational Education in the Developed Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Gaoling

    2010-01-01

    Higher vocational education is the product of economic development, scientific and technological progress. If the country does not have a well-developed vocational education, it is impossible to make a good advanced science and technology into productive forces, it is also impossible to achieve economy development in a high speed. In turn, powers…

  12. Orienting Technical and Vocational Education and Training for Sustainable Development: A Discussion Paper. UNESCO-UNEVOC Discussion Paper Series. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This discussion paper presents an overview of key concepts, trends and issues in the field of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for sustainable development. It examines interlinkages between the world of work and environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainable development, as well as ways in which TVET can be…

  13. Discovery learning and learner autonomy development in secondary vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    It is imperative to cultivate learner autonomy in secondary vocational school and discovery learning is a good choice.The author reviews the definition and principle of discovery learning and learning autonomy,concludes the adaptation of discovery learning from characteristics of vocational students,andfinally illustrates an example in teaching.

  14. Discovery learning and learner autonomy development in secondary vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    It is imperative to cultivate learner autonomy in secondary vocational school and discovery learning is a good choice.The author reviews the definition and principle of discovery learning and learning autonomy,concludes the adaptation of discovery learning from characteristics of vocational students,and finally illustrates an example in teaching.

  15. Developing Strategic Leadership for Administrators: Private Vocational College Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumnongya, Areeya; Sirisuthi, Chaiyuth; Chansirisira, Pacharawit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to study and define a number of factors measuring quality and efficiency in administrators of private vocational college, and to test and evaluate the efficiency of the strategic leadership program. Twelve factors and 83 indicators were identified as vital for strategic leadership for private vocational college…

  16. Entrepreneurship as a Competitive Development of Vocational Education: Theory and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. G. Mokronosov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the complex of economic processes in the sphere of the higher vocational education. The research is aimed at investigating, clarifying and systemizing the theoretical concepts of entrepreneur- ship in the context of the knowledge economy and rising competitiveness in the market of scientific and educational services. The research methodology basis involves the works of domestic and foreign scholars in the fields of competitive development, entrepreneurship, quasi-markets theories and self- developing organizations. The paper presents the author’s interpretation of the university entrepreneurship as the integrated and systematic process generated by the dramatic changes of socio-economic development, increasing global trends of economy intellectualization, significant proportion of scientific and educational services, and increasing role of modernization in sustaining the state welfare and stability. The university entrepreneurship is regarded as a synthesis of creative, innovative, commercial and managerial activities in the market of scientific and educational services, labor market, industrial and financial markets. The interrelation of economic and social aspects of university business is revealed including the links between the government, universities, scientific educational institutions, business community, households and other subjects of educational service market. The application of the main theoretical principles of the research concerning the higher school business vector is demonstrated by the practical activity of the Russian Vocational Pedagogical University. 

  17. Vocational Study and Public Service Motivation: Disentangling the Socializing Effects of Higher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Anne Mette

    2012-01-01

    Most studies of Public Service Motivation investigate differences in motivation between public and private sector employees, but how these differences emerge and evolve in a pre-entry setting is still puzzling. Based on cross-sectional survey data with 3,521 Danish students enrolled in different...... vocational studies and at different stages (years) of their educational programs, this article investigates the socializing effects of higher education into different levels of public service motivation. The analysis demonstrates that students’ levels of public service motivation at different stages...... of their educational programs depends on the field of study: The level of public service motivation among students in vocational studies aimed at jobs with core public service delivery stays the same during education, whereas the level of public service motivation among students in other fields increases substantively...

  18. Developing Modern Vocational Education and Cultivating New Professional Farmers%发展现代职业教育培育新型职业农民

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伟

    2014-01-01

    To foster the development of modern vocational education is not only an objective need for the social and economic development in China, but also a requirement for the national vocational education. The top priorities in developing vocational education are to establish a modern vocational education system and to clarify the relationship of the external and internal influencing factors. The development of modern agricultural vocational education system is one part of the whole vocational education system. Faced with the serious problem of the structural shortage of agricultural labor force, to develop a modern agricultural vocational education, to cultivate a great number of new-type professional farmers, and to construct an education and training system for them are important tasks for agricultural vocational colleges.%加快发展职业教育是我国社会经济发展的客观需要,也是国家对职业教育提出的要求。建立现代职业教育体系,理顺职业教育的内外关系,是当前职业教育发展的首要任务之一。现代农业职业教育体系建设是整个执教体系的一部分。面对农业劳动力的结构性短缺的严峻问题,发展现代农业职业教育、培养大量新型职业农民,构建新型职业农民培育制度体系,是农业职业类院校的一项重要任务。

  19. Development of the technical leadership skills scale in vocational and technical high school administrators: Reliability and validity studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökçe ÖZDEMİR

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop a scale for the determination technical leadership skills of vocational and technical high school administrators. For the study, the sample was comprised of a total of 236 vocational education teachers working at nine out of 22 technical and vocational high schools located in the Şahinbey and Şehitkamil districts of Gaziantep Province. The criteria for sample selection were twofold: (1 The selected schools are the longest established in the districts, and (2 the participant teachers had been working with the same school administrators at these schools for at least one year. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA were performed by the researcher in order to determine the construct validity of the scale. EFA results indicated that the scale had three sub-dimensions. The sub-dimensions were “Pedagogical and Social Skills”, “Managerial Skills”, and “Professional Skills”. The final form of the scale consisted of 40 items. Internal consistency coefficients of the scores taken from the sub-dimensions varied between .94 and .95. Research results concluded that the Technical Leadership Skills Scale (TLSS is a valid and reliable measurement instrument to determine technical leadership skills of vocational and technical high school administrators.

  20. Their Highest Vocation: Social Justice and the Millennial Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Helen

    2012-01-01

    According to polls, today's "Millennial" college students are the most politically progressive generation in U.S. history. They are deeply concerned about social and economic inequality, they support egalitarian relationships among nations and peoples, and they believe that the government should do whatever it takes to protect the environment.…

  1. Social Exchange in Dutch Schools for Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomsen, Maren; Karsten, Sjoerd; Oort, Frans J.

    2015-01-01

    In this study we examined the role of trust as a mediator in social exchange between teachers and their school, particularly between perceived procedural justice and perceived organizational support, on the one hand, and teachers' affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behaviour, on the other hand. A model was developed…

  2. Their Highest Vocation: Social Justice and the Millennial Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Helen

    2012-01-01

    According to polls, today's "Millennial" college students are the most politically progressive generation in U.S. history. They are deeply concerned about social and economic inequality, they support egalitarian relationships among nations and peoples, and they believe that the government should do whatever it takes to protect the environment.…

  3. The Challenges And Risk Of Development Vocational Education In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadi Mulyadi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The quality of human resources (human resources really depended on good and bad points of the educational agency that prepared him. By paying attention to this link, then the urgency of the quality educational agency had finally become the key strategy in order to gains the height of the quality of human resources. Vocational education that was quality became one of the most important answers for the Indonesian nation towards the demand of the globalisation. The quality of the graduate of Vocational Education that was high, required the adoption action and the adaptation of all the requirements for the work institution/the industry, furthermore reconciled the international standard of manpower, as well as filled the current legislation regulation. Vocational education aimed at increasing intelligence, knowledge, the identity, the noble moral, as well as participants’s skills educated to live independent and followed education further in accordance with the program Vocational education (Permendiknas No. 22 Th. 2006. There were two spectra of the territory that became the aim of Vocational Education, that is preparing participants educated to the world of the work and at the same time the academic world. Therefore, then the Vocational educational curriculum became more complex both planning and his implementation. In the Vocational educational curriculum the achievement was in two spectra of the territory, that his achievement through the application of the curriculum comprehensively. This curriculum it was hoped guaranteed fully the achievement from the aim of Vocational Education. Therefore, in his fact of Vocational Education needed the operational fund that was far more bigger than that was needed by middle education the public.

  4. Vocational Training of Disadvantaged Youth in the Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corvalan-Vasquez, Oscar

    1983-01-01

    Defines "disadvantaged youth" and reviews vocational training and employment programs designed for them. Finds that these activities tend to favor the relatively privileged rather than those with the greatest need. (SK)

  5. Development of Vocational Secondary School Students Competitiveness for Studies in the European Area of Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Olga Dementjeva

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT OF THE PROMOTION THESIS DEVELOPMENT OF VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ COMPETITIVENESS FOR STUDIES IN THE EUROPEAN AREA OF HIGHER EDUCATION The promotion thesis „Development of Vocational Secondary School Students’ Competitiveness for Studies in the European Area of Higher Education” in the field of general pedagogy of pedagogical science has been worked out by Olga Dementjeva under the supervision of Dr. chem. Professor Andrejs Rauhvargers at the Depart...

  6. Finnish WorldSkills Achievers’ Vocational Talent Development and School-to-Work Pathways

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Pylväs

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the perceptions of vocational expertise and school-to-work pathways among WorldSkills Competition (WSC achievers and their co-workers and employers within the Finnish context. At the biennial international WSC, young people (aged 18-to-23 years from over 60 countries demonstrate their skills in more than 40 trades. Individualized training for this competition is provided through the cooperation of vocational institutions (e.g., expert coaches, team leaders and competition panellists and industry (e.g., mentors, sponsors, materials, equipment. Semi-structured thematic interviews (N=51 were conducted in 2013 and 2014 with former Finnish WSC medal or diploma winners (n=18 who had since begun their working lives (1-to-15 years of work experience. Their employers (n=16 and colleagues (n=17 were also interviewed. Results showed that in addition to vocation-specific knowledge and skills, problem-solving skills, creativity, social skills and self-regulatory skills were acknowledged as the most significant elements of vocational expertise. The findings also indicated that formal vocational education combined with deliberate practice and training based on expert mentoring improved the long-term career progress and vocational expertise of the WSC achievers.

  7. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  8. Professional Development Needs Assessment Survey of Inservice Clients of the Center for Vocational Professional Personnel Development at the Pennsylvania State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, Mary J.; Elliott, Franklin E.; Foster, Pamela M.; Covington, Myrna A.; King, Marsha G.; Liou, Kun-I Tony

    The Center for Vocational Professional Personnel Development conducted a needs assessment in order to plan and deliver staff development workshops in the 34 vocational schools served in Pennsylvania's central region. Respondents from the 30 participating schools were 30 administrators and 600 teachers (371 vocational and 144 academic teachers and…

  9. 职业生涯理论视野下的高职学生社会实践探析%Analysis of Students' Social Practice in Higher Vocational Schools from the Perspective of Vocational Career Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐敬洁

    2015-01-01

    目前,大学生社会实践存在诸多问题,如执行力不强、短期化等。究其原因,是缺乏系统理论支撑。本文从职业生涯理论出发,将社会实践与大学生职业教育相结合,提出社会实践阶段论、环境模式论、动态适应论,并提出职业化、阶段化、匹配化、体系化“四化”改进大学生社会实践活动的措施。%Many problems exist in college students' social practice, such as poor executive power, short-term, etc., the reason of which is the shortage of systematic and theoretical support. With vocational career as a starting point, by combining the social practice and vocational education of college students, the stage theory, environment model theory, dynamic adaptation theory are proposed in this paper and some measures as the improvement of students' social practice occupation, stage, matching, system of four modernizations are also put forward, in order to promote the healthy development of students' social practice.

  10. Growing up with a chronic illness: social success, educational/vocational distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslow, Gary R; Haydon, Abigail; McRee, Annie-Laurie; Ford, Carol A; Halpern, Carolyn T

    2011-08-01

    We compared adult educational, vocational, and social outcomes among young adults with and without childhood-onset chronic illness in a nationally representative U.S. sample. We used data from Wave IV (2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. We compared respondents who reported childhood-onset cancer, heart disease, diabetes, or epilepsy with young adults without these chronic illnesses in terms of marriage, having children, living with parents, romantic relationship quality, educational attainment, income, and employment. Multivariate models controlled for sociodemographic factors and adult-onset chronic illness. As compared with those without childhood chronic illness, respondents with childhood chronic illness had similar odds of marriage (odds ratios [OR] = .89, 95% CI: .65-1.24), having children (OR = .99, 95% CI: .70-1.42), and living with parents (OR = 1.49, 95% CI .94-2.33), and similar reports of romantic relationship quality. However, the chronic illness group had lower odds of graduating college (OR = .49, 95% CI: .31-.78) and being employed (OR = .56, 95% CI: .39-.80), and higher odds of receiving public assistance (OR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.39-3.25), and lower mean income. Young adults growing up with chronic illness succeed socially, but are at increased risk of poorer educational and vocational outcomes. Copyright © 2011 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. The Attitudes of Social Programs Students in Vocational High Schools Towards the Use of Information Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emel BAHAR

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Adaptation and internalization of innovations in science and technology, business processes and education system in an easy way depend on the attitudes of individuals. In the study, it is intended to determine whether there is a relationship between the arguments such as the subject, college, department, gender, computer usage, internet access facilities of the students' enrolled in social programs of vocational high school and their attitudes towards information technology, or not. The data were obtained by applying questionnaires to 884 students studying in business administration, logistics, marketing, tourism, accounting, Office management and executive assistance programs at Çukurova, Mersin, Kırıkkale and Abant İzzet Baysal Universities. As a result of the research, statistically significant relationships were determined between the attitudes of the students of social sciences toward information technology and their subject, college, department and gender.

  12. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  13. On Vocational Morality Construction during the Social Transition%社会转型期高职教师师德师风建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费芳

    2012-01-01

    师德是教师的灵魂,关系其职业生涯的成败。改革开放以来我国进入快速发展期,社会发展逐渐转型,受社会转型期内外环境的影响,当前高职院校教师的师德存在诸多问题,分析存在问题的原因并有针对性的进行探讨,可以强化高职院校师德师风,促进高素质高职教师队伍建设。%The morality is the sacred mission of teaching,related to the success of the education.China has entered into the rapid development area since China's reform and opening up,and social development has gradually transformed.The current vocational morality construction exist many issues under the effect of the external environment during the period of social transition.This article analyzes the reasons of problems in Vocational ethics construction and explores the countermeasures to enhance the vocational morality construction.

  14. 高职院校服务区域经济社会发展的动力机制和保障机制探讨--以广州城市职业学院食品营养与检测专业为例%Discussion on the Dynamic Mechanism and Safeguard Mechanism of Higher Vocational Colleges’ Serving Ability to Regional Economic and Social Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张挺; 黎海彬; 刘范一; 郭晓昭; 李永馨

    2014-01-01

    服务区域经济社会发展是高职院校的主要功能之一,动力机制和保障机制建设是推动高职院校服务能力可持续发展的关键。文章介绍了广州城市职业学院食品营养与检测专业服务广州食品行业企业及社区发展的动力机制和保障机制的建设途径、成效、存在问题和改进措施,探讨广州城市职业学院依托专业服务广州区域经济社会发展的动力机制和保障机制。%Serving regional economic and social development is the main function of higher vocational colleges. Dynamic Mechanism and Safeguard Mechanism are the key points to promote higher vocational colleges’ sustainable serving capabilities. This paper introduces the construction ways, effectiveness, problems and improvement measures for food nutrition and testing professional on the food industry enterprises in Guangzhou and community development of the dynamic mechanism and safeguard mechanism. Discussion on the construction of Guangzhou City Polytechnic dynamic mechanism relies on professional services and security mechanisms of regional economic and social development in Guangzhou.

  15. Restrictions and Countermeasures of Rural Vocational Education in Urban-rural Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Developing rural vocational education is of great significance to urban-rural integration: developing rural vocational education is helpful to cultivating new farmers for construction of new socialist countryside,favorable to improving farmers’ ability of finding jobs and starting undertaking, and beneficial to transfer of rural surplus labor and acceleration of urbanization. Restrictions on development rural vocational education mainly include: low value cognition of society and social assessment of rural vocational education; out of balance of cost and expected return of rural vocational education; the quality of supply of rural vocational education failure to satisfy demand of socio-economic development; imperfect rural vocational education system. In view of these,following countermeasures and suggestions are put forward: strengthen propaganda and guidance to build environment of public opinion for rural vocational education; push forward rural vocational compulsory education system to lay social foundation for rural vocational education; reinforce policy support to assist in building rural vocational education system; improve education system to build overall framework of rural vocational education; perfect laws and regulations to establish system and norm for development of rural vocational education.

  16. Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Approaches to Job Development. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipsen, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies provide a range of services to help people with disabilities become employed. How services are delivered, however, depends on several factors including client interests and abilities as well as economic opportunities within the local community. For better or worse, rural and urban clients face vastly…

  17. Vocational Training and Professional Development: A Capability Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Marion; Vero, Josiane; Zimmermann, Benedicte

    2012-01-01

    Lifelong learning has become one of the keys to making workers' career paths more secure at both the French and the European policy level. However, the implementation of these policy lines raises delicate questions as to how the responsibility for vocational training should be shared among employees, employers and public institutions. The…

  18. Transitions of Young Migrants to Initial Vocational Education and Training in Germany: The Significance of Social Origin and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beicht, Ursula; Walden, Günter

    2017-01-01

    The topic of the present paper is how successful young people from a migration background in Germany are in making the transition to initial vocational education and training (VET). Particular emphasis is placed on interactions with social origin and gender. The analyses are based on the 2011 BIBB Transitional Study, a representative survey of…

  19. Analysis on Promoting Social Positioning and Value Orientation of Scientific Research in Higher Vocational Colleges%对提高高职院校科研定位和价值取向的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑琴

    2012-01-01

    The article focuses on the issue of social positioning and value orientation of the scientific research in higher vocational colleges, which discuss the higher vocational talents training target, the intrinsic motivation for self-development of higher vocational colleges, clear the present stage of scientific research in higher vocational positioning. It also talks over the promotion of the scientific research work of higher vocational colleges for the high quality development, strengthen the scientific research management and improve the scientific research level in higher vocational colleges.%文章针对高职院校科研的社会定位和价值取向这一问题,围绕高职人才培养目标,高职院校自我发展的内在动力,明确了现阶段高职科研工作的定位,对促进高职院校科研工作向高效优质方向发展,强化高职院校的科研管理,提高高职院校科研水平进行了探讨.

  20. THE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING CENTERS: AN ALTERNATIVE TO LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Palop-Esteban

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an educational proposal of a technical nature but with bases rooted in popular education (Freire, 1970. It aims to provide lights on how vocational education, could have a link to the local development of the territory. Local development has its maximum exponents in the fields of the recovery of the endogenous sources and in the articulation of the associative network (Herrera, 2009, with the consequent benefit of enhancing participatory instruments that improve the democratic exchanges of territory. The educative centers may have a privileged territory view, converge in the same few elements, actors and actresses key, also if the Centre has the role of formative work development from the articulation of the productive elements, we have a resource of excellent characteristics for local development. The proposal is therefore, the linkage of the Centers for education and work with a perspective of local development, especially in areas with low social structuring communities, i.e., high rates of unemployment, schooling, economic difficulties, etc. These scenarios are very common in urban peripheries both in Europe and in America, but these fields, can also be found in certain rural communities, Latin American, although with different characteristics. The incidence in the local promotion, in these cases, will have a special responsibility, since the work by the unfinished schooling and educational inclusion, without doubt, work for community development (Torrent, 2012.

  1. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  2. 台湾技职教育的发展趋势%The Development Trend of Taiwan Vocational and Technical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄云龙

    2012-01-01

    Technical and vocational education in Talwan at~r years of practice, the formation of the "overpass" type of technical and vocational education system. In order to meet the current economic and social development and interna- tional competition, Taiwan's technical and vocational education is also the emergence of new trends. In this paper, Ta- iwan's technical and vocational education to educational advancement, character and innovation system in order to open schools, multi-diploma system, sehnol-enterprise cooperation, low birth rate problem and so on Taiwan's technical and vocational education trends.%台湾的技职教育经过多年的实践。形成了“立交桥?”式的技职教育体系。为适应当前经济和社会发展及国际化竞争的需要,台湾的技职教育也出现了新的发展趋势。本文就台湾技职教育的升学管道、特色与创新、入学制度、开放办学、多元文凭制度、校企合作、少子化问题等方面浅析台湾技职教育的发展趋势。

  3. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning; WANG; Fang; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization,industrialization,informationization and ecological development. In this process,it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method,this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then,it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective of rural vocational education,arrangement of specialized disciplines,key development tasks,and establishment of diversified investment system.

  4. Learning Outcomes in Vocational Education: A Business Plan Development by Production-Based Learning Model Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusumaningrum, Indrati; Hidayat, Hendra; Ganefri; Anori, Sartika; Dewy, Mega Silfia

    2016-01-01

    This article describes the development of a business plan by using production-based learning approach. In addition, this development also aims to maximize learning outcomes in vocational education. Preliminary analysis of curriculum and learning and the needs of the market and society become the basic for business plan development. To produce a…

  5. Adaptive Vocational Personality Questionnaire Development and Validation of an adaptive personality questionnaire to analyze the vocational behavior of university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo Gómez-Artiga

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study presents a personality evaluation instrument adapted to the vocational setting: the Adaptive Vocational Personality Questionnaire (AVPQ. The questionnaire was developed and tested in a sample of 2160 university students in the final years of their degree programs. The purpose of the study is to validate the questionnaire, providing evidence about its internal structure and its usefulness for predicting scores on a criterion scale. A confirmatory factor analysis combined with a cross-validation design was used: the exploratory sample (n = 879 helped to identify the model with the factorial structure that best fit the relations among the items. As expected, this model had two related but clearly separate factors: Adaptive Personality Characteristics (AC with 9 items and Non-Adaptive Personality Characteristics (NAC with 11 items. The validation sample (n =932 was used to test the generalization capacity of this model, which was satisfactory and showed a good reliability index. Regarding its usefulness in predicting proactive job-search behaviors, the results were also satisfactory. The questionnaire and keys are provided, as well as the criteria for calculating the scores on each scale and on the entire questionnaire.

  6. Social Development: 1 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Social Development: 1 Year Olds Page Content Article Body ... will develop a very specific image of his social world, friends, and acquaintances. He is at its ...

  7. The Development of Productivity Practical Management Model at Automotive Mechanical Technology Skill Program in Semarang Vocational Schools, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadromi; Rachman, Maman; Soesanto; Kartana, Tri Jaka

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop automotive Mechanical Technology Skill Program (TMO) in Vocational School. The Research and Development (R&D) object was done in SMK 1, 4 and 7 Semarang, Indonesia. The result was achieved productivity Practical Management Final Model at TMO skill Program in Vocational school named momanticproter.…

  8. Theory of secondary vocational English project teaching method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梅

    2016-01-01

    Under the impetus of the rapid development of science and technology and economy,Social productivity level and greatly enhance people's quality of life,education level also got further development.Under the influence of the globalization development trend,English gradually become the most widely used foreign language of people daily life. Secondary vocational English is a public basic course of secondary vocational school students, as an important part of secondary vocational students training plan, has received the widespread attention.In this study, secondary vocational English project teaching method is briefly discussed.

  9. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization, industrialization, informationization and ecological development. In this process, it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method, this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then, it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective ...

  10. Education for social development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Education for social development is a life long activity that requires cooperation with donors, governments, and community organizations to solve problems in areas such as agriculture productivity, infant mortality, AIDS, malnutrition, population growth, and drug and alcohol abuse. Education should be a 2-way street with the audience in control, driven by the needs of the individual. Behavioral change is the most important goal in education, because what a person does will liberate him from disease, addiction, hunger, and inequalities. Interpersonal communications are best for teaching complex skills, broadcast media work well for simple ideas, and print media is best suited for detailed material for repeated referral. To design an educational program the audiences needs must be assessed in the following areas: the technical, social/psychological, and environmental. Project implementation must take into consideration political and economic needs of the environment in which it will operate. Evaluation requires testing the product in draft form with a target audience, and getting them involved in the evaluation. If the target group can't understand the message or identify with the image and finds the material unattractive, then it is changed and tested again.

  11. Social Farming Rural Development Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Gheorghe ZUGRAVU

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper follows two main objectives: to understand farmers’ perception and image of social services and to identify communication levers in order to improve the perceived image of social farming. Orientations in terms of communication are product-focused and aim at enhancing the reputation of social farming consequently with impact on rural development. This paper conducted a questionnaire survey of Romanian farmers’ perception toward social agricultural. The empirical study indicated that farmers shown different awareness to social farming.

  12. CURRICULUM MATERIALS, DESCRIPTION AND PRICE LIST OF MATERIALS DEVELOPED BY THE OHIO VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CURRICULUM MATERIALS SERVICE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio Vocational Agriculture Instructional Materials Service, Columbus.

    PAMPHLETS, SLIDES, TAPES, MANUALS, AND AN EXAMINATION ARE INCLUDED IN THIS CATALOG OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR USE BY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS IN HIGH SCHOOL AND ADULT FARMER PROGRAMS. THE MATERIALS WERE DEVELOPED BY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS, CURRICULUM SPECIALISTS, TECHNICAL SPECIALISTS, AND AUDIOVISUAL PERSONNEL AND ARE…

  13. 新时期社会思潮对高职学生思想影响及对策研究--基于Q校的个案研究%A case study of the influence of social thought in new era on the vocational students and the relative countermeasures based on vocational col lege Q

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红禄; 梁茼

    2014-01-01

    社会思潮的多元化在高校对高职学生的影响是多角度的,并呈现差异化特点。伴随着社会开放程度的加深和互联网络的发展,社会思潮主要借助课堂教学和新媒体等渠道,由不同层面对学生施加现实影响。社会思潮多元化的存在及其特点,以及高职生思维特征等,对于我们研究新时期社会思潮对于大学生的影响具有重要意义。%The diversified social thought has the influence on the vocational students,which is not only multi-perspective,but also differentiated.With the developments of the open society and the internet media,the social thought will exert the real influence on the vocational students depending on the class teaching and the new media.It is so important for us to study the diversification of social thought and its characters that we should emphasize on the motivated ideological and political education and the fostered popularization of Marxism in vocational colleges according to the vocational students’thinking.

  14. Calling, Vocational Development, and Well Being: A Longitudinal Study of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Manuel, R. Stephen; Borges, Nicole J.; Bott, Elizabeth M.

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated the relation of calling to the vocational development and well-being of a sample of medical students. Students were surveyed at two time points: prior to beginning the first year of medical school and prior to beginning the third year of medical school. At each time point, calling moderately correlated with positive…

  15. Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  16. Students' personal professional theories in vocational education : developing a knowledge base

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap, H.

    2011-01-01

    Senior secondary vocational education needs to deliver reflective practitioners who possess an adequate knowledge base, who are able to solve complex problems and who have the ability to acquire and develop new knowledge during their further professional career. It is assumed that all types of knowl

  17. Adult Learning and Vocational Training in the Informal Sector in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakke-Seeck, Sigvor; And Others

    Because a growing proportion of the world's working population is in the informal sector (in work areas generally outside the sphere of state protection), planners of vocational training for adults must pay closer attention to those concepts of teaching and learning that have relevance for the informal sector, and they must develop strategies for…

  18. Students' personal professional theories in vocational education : developing a knowledge base

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap, H.

    2011-01-01

    Senior secondary vocational education needs to deliver reflective practitioners who possess an adequate knowledge base, who are able to solve complex problems and who have the ability to acquire and develop new knowledge during their further professional career. It is assumed that all types of knowl

  19. Calling, Vocational Development, and Well Being: A Longitudinal Study of Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Ryan D.; Manuel, R. Stephen; Borges, Nicole J.; Bott, Elizabeth M.

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated the relation of calling to the vocational development and well-being of a sample of medical students. Students were surveyed at two time points: prior to beginning the first year of medical school and prior to beginning the third year of medical school. At each time point, calling moderately correlated with positive…

  20. The Research on Several Critical Issues in the Development of Higher Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Yufei; Zhang, Tingqin

    2008-01-01

    Based on the pondering over the establishment of a large educational concept, the implementation of "two-certificate" system, the training of "Double-Professional title teacher staff and some other issues in the development of the vocational and technical education personnel training mode, this paper discusses the issues about their…

  1. Technical and Vocational Education in Cameroon and Critical Avenues for Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Che, S. Megan

    2007-01-01

    Technical and vocational education (TVE) can influence development and economic progress for post-colonial societies. Some newly independent sub-Saharan African countries attempted curricular transformation that might produce a skilled workforce through widespread access to versions of TVE. In Cameroon, no such post-colonial curricular revolution…

  2. Measuring Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Efficiency: Developing a Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guimei; Clayton, John

    2016-01-01

    The growing demand for an increasingly skilled competitive workforce and the associated demand for change and responsiveness in the provision of technical vocational education and training (TVET) has led to the development of stronger links between New Zealand and the People's Republic of China. A collaborative model programme project aims to…

  3. The Development of Technical and Vocational Education in Indonesia--A Case Study in Quality Improvement. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakri, Mohamad

    After its independence in 1969, Indonesia studied and analyzed its previous colonial system of technical and vocational education (TVE) and took steps to overcome the shortcomings. TVE was required to provide expansion of work opportunities and industrial development to promote national development. Until 1989, attention was given to further…

  4. Effects of Human Resources Development Through Vocational Education Curriculum on the Academic Achievements of the Students in Vocational Schools: The Case of Erzincan University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durmuş ÖZDEMİR

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Qualified and productive labor shortage is one of the main problems in today's business world. This situation shows the importance of vocational and technical education for business life and economy of the countries. Therefore, it is important to note that the vocational education programs should ensure the coherence between students' existing knowledge and expectations of the business world. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of new education program (HRD-VET; Human Resources Development through Vocational Education and Training on the academic success of vocational school students. Differently from the literature, this research is important for the reason that it is performed on either the students studying with former educational program or the students studying new İKMEP educational program. The participants of the study are composed of 167 students studying at Computer Programming program in Erzincan University. In this study, we used comparative method of research technique and the average point of the students' grade is analyzed with t-test. The results of the study illustrated that İKMEP education program has positive effect on student academic success for students who are admitted to the vocational school without entrance exam.

  5. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  6. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  7. Social cognitive development during adolescence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Choudhury, Suparna; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Charman, Tony

    2006-01-01

    Social relationships are particularly important during adolescence. In recent years, histological and MRI studies have shown that the brain is subject to considerable structural development during adolescence...

  8. On Child Bearing and Women' s Vocational Development from Social Gender Perspective ---Based on A Questionaire for Pre-school Children's Parents%从社会性别视角看育儿与妇女的职业发展——基于对一项幼儿父母问卷调查的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和建花; 蒋永萍

    2012-01-01

    The balance between child bearing and work is an important practical question for little kids' parents. Now small children before the age of 6 are over 100,000,000 taking 1/5 of the population of world's small ehilren. Good and reasonable public child service by government and friendly family policy by companies and organizations are the benefits and growth requirements for this huge pre - children group, and essential factors for their parents especially their mothers' social participation and vocational development. In recent years, public kindergarten service' s socialization and marketing result in difficult and expensive infant school entering, and it cannot meet so- cial satisfaction. Under this background, whether Chinese pre - school children' s parents face the difficulty balancing child bearing and work is of practical meaning for us to understand the social environment for child bearing and offer reference to the government.%育儿与工作的平衡是幼儿父母面临的重大生活实际问题。目前,中国0~6岁幼儿人口超过1亿,占世界同龄人口的1/5。政府发展质优价廉的公共托幼服务,单位实施家庭友好政策,不仅是这个庞大的婴幼儿群体的权益所系和成长需要,而且关系到婴幼儿父母,特别是母亲的社会参与和职业发展。最近十几年来,公共托幼服务逐步向社会化、市场化方向深入发展,从而引起了入园难、入园贵,托幼服务不能满足广大人民群众解决后顾之忧需求等系列问题。在这样的背景下,当今中国幼儿的父母是否面临着育儿与工作的平衡的困难?这样的问题对我们了解育儿的社会环境,了解父母在工作与家庭平衡中的困难,并以此为依据为政府提供政策参考有实际意义。

  9. Improving Curriculum Development Practices in a Technical Vocational Community College: Examining Effects of a Professional Development Arrangement for Middle Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albashiry, Nabeel M.; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2015-01-01

    Learning about curriculum development is critical for middle managers of technical vocational institutions in order to assume curriculum leadership in maintaining and enhancing the quality and relevance of their educational programs. This case study reports on the design and effects of a professional development arrangement (PDA), with such a…

  10. Improving Curriculum Development Practices in a Technical Vocational Community College: Examining Effects of a Professional Development Arrangement for Middle Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albashiry, Nabeel M.; Voogt, Joke M.; Pieters, Jules M.

    2015-01-01

    Learning about curriculum development is critical for middle managers of technical vocational institutions in order to assume curriculum leadership in maintaining and enhancing the quality and relevance of their educational programs. This case study reports on the design and effects of a professional development arrangement (PDA), with such a…

  11. Third Annual National Leadership Development Seminar for State Directors of Vocational Education. Articulation of Vocational Education Planning with Comprehensive State Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Darrell L., Comp.; Kazarian, Edward N., Comp.

    More than 100 state directors and other leaders from 45 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico attended a 3-day inservice leadership development seminar to exchange information and examine coordinated state planning as it relates to programing in vocational-technical education. Seminar activities included group work sessions, a…

  12. Technical Education and Vocational Training in Central Africa. Feasibility Survey of the Regional Development of Rapid Vocational Training: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, and Gabon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organization for Rehabilitation through Training, Geneva (Switzerland).

    This final report is the result of a survey requested by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and undertaken by the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT) of four countries (Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, and Gabon) and a conference on vocational training sponsored by the Economic and Customs…

  13. 中高职衔接理念下中职生群体社会适应性探究%To Explore the Group of the Secondary Vocational Students’Social Adaptability in the Concept of Group Cohesion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金泽龙

    2013-01-01

      This paper mainly discusses the concept of higher vocational secondary vocational students to group so-cial adaptability of the relevant circumstances; the study USES the questionnaire method and literature method, using the social adaptability scale, higher vocational secondary education in Guangdong province secondary voca-tional students group as the research object. The results found that:individual social adaptability on the gender, professional, grade, there is a significant difference;there is no difference in students. In improving the higher vo-cational college students' social adaptability should pay attention to several problems:one is to strengthen psycho-logical health education, improve the psychological quality, and correct understanding of self. 2 it is to create a good campus environment. Three is to develop secondary vocational good behavior habits. Four is to improve social adaptation ability of higher vocational students.%  本研究采用问卷调查法与文献法,运用社会适应性量表,以广东省升读高职的中职生群体为研究对象,探讨中高职衔接理念下升入高职的中职生群体社会适应性的相关情况,研究结果发现:个体社会适应性在性别、专业、年级上存在着显著性差异;在生源上不存在差异性。在提高该类高职大学生社会适应性方面要注意几个问题:加强心理健康教育,提高心理素质,正确认识自我;创设良好校园环境;培养中职生良好行为习惯;提升高职生社会适应能力。

  14. Social support in development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mariska Kromhout; Peteke Feijten; Frieke Vonk; Mirjam de Klerk; Anna Maria Marangos; Wouter Mensink; Maaike den Draak; Alice de Boer; m.m.v. Jurjen Iedema

    2014-01-01

    Original title: De Wmo in beweging. Evaluatie Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning 2010-2012 The goal of the Dutch Social Support Act (Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning – Wmo) is to make it possible for people to manage within and outside their homes and to participate in society. Within the framewor

  15. Developing preschool children social aptitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Teresa Brás

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The kindergarten teachers must be aware of the importance of the acquisition of social skills for children, with a view to appropriate adaptation and overcoming the various challenges that will have those throughout existence. This article is the presentation of a research work within the pre-school educational context, in the field of ʻSocial and Personal Educationʼ which may lead to improved social skills within the group of children. In order to accomplish this, after the teaching training with the pre-school class which focussed on the acquisition of social competence, an assessment of the modified social skills within the class was carried out. These activities were included in the preschool lesson planning during the ʻSupervised Teaching Practiceʼ. They were developed based on childrenʼs daily life situations, focussing mainly on using games in the learning contexts. The aim of these games was to motivate and involve the children in order to enhance their balanced social development. The results obtained suggest that the introduction of this type of learning activities may be an asset in Pre-school Education because they develop both childrenʼs social skills and social competence. Moreover, this type of learning activities may also lead to changes in childrenʼs social interaction with both adults and their peers which may favour pro social behaviour.

  16. Improving curriculum development practices in a technical vocational community college: examining effects of a professional development arrangement for middle managers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Albashiry, N.M.; Voogt, J.M.; Pieters, J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Learning about curriculum development is critical for middle managers of technical vocational institutions in order to assume curriculum leadership in maintaining and enhancing the quality and relevance of their educational programs. This case study reports on the design and effects of a

  17. Improving curriculum development practices in a technical vocational community college: examining effects of a professional development arrangement for middle managers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Albashiry, N.M.; Voogt, J.M.; Pieters, J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Learning about curriculum development is critical for middle managers of technical vocational institutions in order to assume curriculum leadership in maintaining and enhancing the quality and relevance of their educational programs. This case study reports on the design and effects of a professiona

  18. A Study on Teacher Autonomy in English Language Teacher’s Profes-sional Development in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Lan

    2016-01-01

    Teacher professional development (TPD), which is related with teacher education, has been the topic of vital signifi-cance in the world educational reform. There are diverse modes and approaches of teacher development, among which, teacher autonomy (TA) is a new concept. It is relatively new and has received insufficient attention in China, especially in vocational col-leges. The related research of this kind on English teachers in vocational colleges is far from enough. Based on this situation, some investigations were conducted on the topic of TA among 5 vocational colleges in Kunming, Yunnan Province. By utilizing questionnaires and interviews as the main investigation tools, the present author conducted the survey of the current situation of the English teachers’professional development and the existing problems, aiming at exploring the effective ways of promoting English language teachers’(autonomy) development in the context of vocational colleges.

  19. Developing stroke-specific vocational rehabilitation: a soft systems analysis of current service provision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Kathryn; Grant, Mary; Terry, Jane

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the existing service provision of stroke-specific vocational rehabilitation (VR) in one English county, in order to facilitate future service development. Method: Using soft systems methodology, services in Health, Social Care, Department of Work and Pensions, the voluntary and private sectors, which were identified as supporting return to work after stroke, were mapped using a mixed-methodology approach. Results: A lack of a sanctioned VR pathway meant access to support relied on brokered provision and tacit knowledge. The timing of an intervention was complex and there was a substantial degree of unmet need for mild stroke patients. VR was seen as “non-essential” due to competing commissioning priorities. Service providers from all sectors lacked training and cross-sector partnerships were tenuous and provider roles unclear. Conclusions: Stroke-specific VR should be delivered by an integrated, cross-sector multi-disciplinary team and integrated commissioning between health and other sectors is necessary. Although early intervention is important, support later on in the recovery process is also necessary. Service providers need adequate training to meet the needs of stroke survivors wishing to return to work and better awareness of best practice guidelines. Business cases which demonstrate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of VR are vital. Implications for Rehabilitation The timeliness of a vocational rehabilitation (VR) intervention is complex; services need to be responsive to the changing needs of the stroke survivor throughout their recovery process and have better mechanisms to ensure re-entry into the stroke pathway is possible. Return to work is a recognised health outcome; health services need to develop better mechanisms for interagency/cross sector working and liaison with employers and not assume that VR is beyond their remit. Therapists and non-health service providers should receive sufficient training to

  20. Development and application of a brief measure of emotional intelligence for vocational high school teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shwu Ming

    2004-12-01

    To develop a psychometrically sound, self-report measure of emotional intelligence and examine the scores of vocational high school teachers by sex and age, 375 Taiwanese vocational high school teachers (186 men, 189 women) completed the 25-item Emotional Intelligence Scale of five domains: Self-awareness, Managing Emotions, Self-motivation, Empathy, and Handling Relationships. Analysis indicated that these teachers reported higher scores on Self-awareness and Empathy but slightly lower on Managing Emotions. The women gave higher self-ratings on Self-awareness and Empathy than the men. There were also significant differences across age groups on Self-awareness, Self-motivation, Empathy and the Total score for the Emotional Intelligence Scale.

  1. Lawmakers: population and social development inseparable. Social development summit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-05-01

    Parliamentarians from around the world endorsed action to promote social development by approving the Copenhagen Statement on Population and Social Development during the International Meeting of Parliamentarians on Population and Social Development held at the National Parliament in Copenhagen, Denmark, March 4-5, 1995. The International Conference of Parliamentarians on Population and Development is a similar meeting held ahead of the International Conference on Population and Development during September 1994 in Cairo, Egypt. Among the key points of the Copenhagen Statement is the recognition of the importance of slowing rapid population growth, eradicating poverty, protecting the environment, creating jobs, and promoting social integration so that people can participate equally and fully in all spheres of social, cultural, economic, and political life. The document also acknowledges the need to promote universal access to education and health care, affirms the 20/20 principle as an useful concept against poverty and in development cooperation, and notes South-South cooperation as a means to promote national and international cooperation. Shin Sakurai, chairman of the Asian Forum of Parliamentarians on Population and Development, presided over the event and led the Japanese delegation of four legislators. The first such national suprapartisan body of lawmakers concerned with population and development, the Japan Parliamentarians Federation for Population was established in 1974. The federation has since been a pioneer in Asia and worldwide in fostering political commitment on population and development, playing an important role in gaining and maintaining support in Japan for multilateral and bilateral assistance in the field. Sakurai stressed in his March 4 address that population problems cannot be resolved without social development.

  2. System Approach Techniques for Developing Bilingual-Vocational and Vocational English as a Second Language Curriculum at the College Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotesky, Arturo A.; Mrowicki, Linda G.

    This paper describes the instructional components of the Bilingual Access Program (BAP) at Elgin Illinois Community College, a federally funded 5-year project established to supplement regular vocational programs as a means to provide language training to limited English-speaking adults so that they leave with additional employable skills related…

  3. Developing schemas for assessing personal and social competences among unskilled young people

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarkrog, Vibe; Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-01-01

    competences. The schema was developed in cooperation with practitioners, i.e. representatives from workplaces, from municipal youth guidance centres, and from VET colleges. Based on the experiences accrued in developing the schema, the article discusses how personal and social competences can be assessed......Personal and social competences are crucial parts of VET competences. As part of a development project preparing unskilled young people for vocational education and training, a research project was conducted with the aim of developing a schema for assessing and grading personal and social...

  4. Study on Present Development of Academic Research in Higher Vocational Colleges and Necessity of Relying on Scientific and Academic Research to Rejuvenate Higher Vocational Education%高职科研形势分析和实施“科研兴校”战略之必然

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进思

    2012-01-01

    The four major responsibilities of higher vocational education are training qualified workforce, undertaking scientific and academic research project, serving the social development and inheriting and passing on culture. To higher vocational colleges, the paper maintains that training qualified workforce is the core and the most important, while the scientific and academic research is the supporting force, serving social development is the ultimate objective, passing on culture is the fundamental responsibility. After studying the recent development of scientific and academic research in higher vocation colleges, the paper puts forward that the scientific and academic research is growing in importance, con- sidering which researchers and scholars should be motivated to devote themselves to the academic research. Finally, it elaborates on the necessity of relying on scientific and academic research to rejuvenate higher vocational education.%高职教育四大职能:"培养人才、科学研究、社会服务、文化传承",人才培养是核心,科学研究是支撑,社会服务是需要,文化传承是根本,科研工作的重要地位日益明显。为了提高高职教育工作者的科研积极性,文章分析了高职当前科研工作形势,阐述了实施"科研兴校"战略的必然要求。

  5. 高职院校图书馆社会化服务模式初探%Probe into the Socialized Service Mode of Higher Vocational College Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏林

    2015-01-01

    阐述了高职院校图书馆开展社会化服务的必要性和现状,结合工作实际,探讨了高职院校图书馆社会化服务模式。%This paper expounds the necessity and current status of carrying out the socialized service by the higher vocational college library,and connecting with the working practice, probes into socialized service mode of higher vocational college library.

  6. 试论高职院校图书馆信息服务社会化%On Higher Vocational College Library Information Service Socialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔婕

    2014-01-01

    文章阐述了高职院校图书馆实现信息服务社会化的重要性,分析了影响高职院校图书馆信息服务社会化的种种因素,提出了实现高职院校图书馆信息服务社会化的途径。%Elaborated College Library Information Service realized the importance of socialization, analyzed the various factors that affect the community library and information services of vocational colleges, proposed ways to achieve library information service socialization vocational colleges.

  7. Development of an E-Learning instructional model for vocational training in Indonesia.

    OpenAIRE

    Triyono, Bruri M.; Köhler, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to produce an E-learning instructional model for vocational schools (VS) in Indonesia by implementing a system of E-learning instructional design that allows teachers to develop and teach their own e-learning lessons. This study reports a design-based research and development activity which was performed over three years, 2012-2014. In the first year, assessment and development of criteria for E-learning & instructional design in VS and its indicators were performed. The se...

  8. On the Cultivation of Higher Vocational Students' Occu-pation Competition in Psycho-social Construction%心理社会构建视阈下高职生职业竞争力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴龙

    2013-01-01

      高等职业教育发展在满足社会建设生产一线需要的同时,也带来高职生就业难的问题。要解决高职生就业难除了制度本身外,关键是高职生自身必须具有一定的职业竞争力。本文从心理社会构建视角对高职生职业竞争力的影响因素进行了具体分析研究,提出比较切实的职业竞争力培养策略。%The development of higher vocational education, on one hand, helps to meet the needs of societal construction;on the other hand, vocational students have found it hard to be em-ployed. The way to solve this problem, besides policy-supporting, is to equip vocational students with a certain amount of competi-tion ability. The paper, therefore, is meant to analyze the relevant factors from the perspective of psycho-social construct so as to come up with some comparatively practical strategies in terms of vocational students' competition ability cultivation.

  9. Aid, social policy, and development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Addison, Tony; Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel; Tarp, Finn

    This paper discusses past and current social policy strategies in the international aid architecture. From the 1990s, aid strategy and policy shifted to put a stronger emphasis on human development. This accelerated with the Millennium Development Goals and will continue under the Sustainable...... Development Goals, which have even more ambitious targets. The paper also assesses some of the concerns associated with the ‘Paris-style’ aid modalities, and discusses major challenges for the future global development agenda....

  10. On Sustainable Development of Practical Oral English Contest for Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李媛媛

    2014-01-01

    English education is an important part of the strategy for sustainable development in our country,so the English language skills contest must take the way of sustainable development.Practical oral English contest has provided vocational college students with a platform to show their language skills.Its content is combined with job requirements in enterprises,intending to cultivate the students’ interpersonal communication skills in the workplace.To promote the growth of the contest,the outdated concept of English teaching must change so as to meet the challenges of the new era.

  11. Rising Expectations, Social Unrest & Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Natarajan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between peace and development holds the key to effective strategies for addressing the roots of social unrest. Rising expectations are the principal driving force for social development. However, the faster and higher aspirations rise, the greater the gap between expectations and reality. That gap promotes a sense of frustration, depravation and aggression leading to social unrest and violence. The opposite is also true: rising economic opportunity can mitigate or eliminate social unrest. The remarkable renunciation of armed struggle by the IRA in North Ireland in mid - 2005 appears inexplicable until the impact of rising incomes and expanding employment opportunities in the Republic of Ireland is also taken into account. A similar approach can be applied to address the problems of violence and social unrest in Kashmir and Palestine. Here too apparently intractable conflicts will lend themselves to be addressed economically. India's recent efforts to provide guaranteed employment to its rural poor are part of a strategy to stem the rising tide of social unrest in impoverished areas resulting from rising expectations among the poor.

  12. Vocational Guidance Books' Assessment of the Social Responsibility of the Press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, Linda

    As literature designed specifically to help young adults make appropriate career decisions, vocational guidance books explain what background, experiences, and personal traits are necessary to succeed in various careers. They are of interest to researchers because of the attitudes they reveal about journalism as a field. A review of 30 journalism…

  13. The employment of high school pupils and vocational school students: medical and social aspects, health risks, approaches to optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Yu. Ivanov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the employment characteristics and its impact on lifestyle and health of adolescents as well as to develop preventive recommendations. The objects of the study are the employment, life quality and health of adolescents working in their spare time. Materials and methods: the surveys were conducted among 575 persons at the age from fourteen till eighteen (senior pupils – 331 people, students of vocational schools – 244 people in Moscow. The life quality was assessed using the standardized questionnaire MOS SF-36. Results. A number of teens working in free time from their study is 37.7 %. The predominance of informal employment was revealed. The structure of employment of senior pupils and vocational school students is represented. In the group of the working adolescents there is a higher prevalence of the behavioral factors of risk (smoking, drinking of alcoholic beverages and addiction to drugs. The effect of the employment of high school pupils on health is shown, health risks due to employment are determined: increase in complaints of headaches and increase in the group of the “frequently ill”. The most evident negative influence of the factor of employment is established in the group of vocational school students: the high risk of back pain, pain in the legs (in healthy individuals, undifferentiated complaints, poor physical form, deterioration of quality of life (in individuals with chronic pathology. In secondary schools and vocational schools there is the need to implement educational programs on health protection of adolescent workers, raise the level of preparedness to enter the labour market, the choice of the work type taking into account health status.

  14. DEVELOPING THE CONCEPTUAL APPROACH TO STANDARDIZATION OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Blinov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes educational standards as the key concept of modern education; their interrelation with the national qualifications system and professional standards being considered. The authors denote the reasons for changing the conceptual approach to the standard developments, and demonstrate the possible ways of educational quality assurance.Diversification and mobility of the modern qualifications along with the fast technological changes affects the educational content and knowledge acquisition, and requires the variable and flexible educational  curricula and management. The global development trends, concerning the educational quality standards, involve their orientation on the learning outcomes, which should be taken into account while developing the Federal State Educational Standards of the fourth generation. The authors reveal the structure of the future standard, outline its implementation stages, and demonstrate the mechanism guaranteeing the regulatory legal provision of professional education. 

  15. The Development of Vocational Teaching Staff:Based on Professional Competence%浅论职业能力导向下的高职师资队伍建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚亚力

    2015-01-01

    The establishment of vocational teaching staff with strong professional capacity,method ability and so-cial skills is a crucial factor for improving the quality of teaching of higher vocational education and meeting social-economic demands for talents.Taking connotation of professional capacity of vocational teaching staff as the start-ing point,this paper conducts a deep analysis of current situations of the development of vocational academic staff. It is concluded that three methods will help build up a highly -qualified vocational academic staff team:firstly,to establish the vocational teaching staff training system,part -time teachers management system,and highly -quali-fied vocational teaching staff recruitment system;secondly,to create a good working environment of promoting voca-tional skills and foster cultural atmosphere which emphasizes skills competitions to promote training;thirdly,to im-prove the integration of teaching and research,develop an excellent academic team including teaching,research and social service staff,and also deepen school -enterprise cooperation to promote the development of professional competence of teachers.%建设一支专业能力、方法能力和社会能力过硬的高职院校师资队伍,是提高高等职业教育教学质量和满足社会经济发展对人才需求的关键。以高职院校教师职业能力的内涵为切入点,对当前高职院校师资队伍建设的现状进行深入分析,通过建立高职教师培训培养机制、兼职教师管理制度和高职教师人才引进机制;创建提升职业能力的良好工作环境、营造参与技能竞赛的文化氛围;强化教学科研融合、创建教学、科研、社会服务的优秀教师团队以及深化校企合作促进教师职业能力发展的三大举措,提升高职院校师资队伍建设水平。

  16. Full and Harmonious Development of Vocational Humanistic Education%全面和谐发展与高职人文教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马跃龙

    2012-01-01

      高等职业教育作为中国高等教育的重要组成部分,肩负着为社会培养高素质、高技能、适应社会发展要求的技术人才的重任。因此,面对社会对高技能人才的大量迫切需求,高职教育的人文环境构建、人才培养目标、培养模式以及教学内容、教学方法、管理模式必须符合社会竞争力要求。但不论怎样,培养"健全的人"的与科学教育融合的人文教育是人类的教育理想,也是高职教育的发展方向。%  Vocational education, as an important part of China's higher education, shoulder social cultivating high-quality, highly skilled task of technical personnel to adapt to the requirements of social development. Therefore, in the face of the community for a large number of highly skilled personnel, the urgent needs of the human environment of the vocational education building, personnel training objectives, training mode, teaching content, teaching methods, management models must comply with the requirements of social competitiveness. But regardless of how the train"sound"and scientific education humanities education is a human ideal of education, but also the direction of the development of vocational education.

  17. Issues in Strategic Planning for Vocational Education: Lessons from Algeria, Egypt, and Morocco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmi, Jamil

    1991-01-01

    Although Algeria, Egypt, and Morocco have followed substantially different development strategies, they exhibit similar signs of crisis in vocational education. An integrated approach to planning that acknowledges social, financial, technological, and economic constraints could help coordinate general and vocational education and specialized…

  18. Quality Assurance in the Teaching and Examination of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, E. Ethel

    2007-01-01

    The vital role of Vocational and Technical Education in the production of skilled and competent manpower for economic, industrial and social development cannot be achieved if an efficient and effective teaching and examination is not maintained. Therefore, this paper examines the objectives of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, factors…

  19. Communicative Competence Development in the Course of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Abolina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper, devoted to the communicative competence development, regards it as the key element of professional competence. Modern specialists in any sphere of professional activity need the necessary information and communication skills (i.e. the ability to use the principles of busyness communication for planning and analysis, goal-setting, choosing strategies, understanding the partners’ intentions and modifying the communication ways. The author highlights the labor market requirements to communication skills of the higher school graduates, and insists on introducing the theoretical and practical methods of communication competence development into the educational curricula. The paper specifies the aspects of perception and reflection in interpersonal contacts, and describes the group training methods with the main emphasis on such collective forms as role plays, group discussions, and training sessions. The outlines of the training program in business communication are given along with its approbation results including the improvements in students’ self-assessment, group communication, feelings, moods, activity, self-control in conflict situations, etc. 

  20. The Significance of Social Relationships in Learning to Become a Vocational and Technical Education Teacher: A Case Study of Three Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Adeline Yuen Sze

    2013-01-01

    This article about workplace learning examines the learning of individuals in becoming a Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) teacher in Brunei. Drawing on research findings from a group of student teachers, it presents case study accounts of three individuals to illustrate the importance of social relationships in learning to become a VTE…

  1. The Significance of Social Relationships in Learning to Become a Vocational and Technical Education Teacher: A Case Study of Three Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Adeline Yuen Sze

    2013-01-01

    This article about workplace learning examines the learning of individuals in becoming a Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) teacher in Brunei. Drawing on research findings from a group of student teachers, it presents case study accounts of three individuals to illustrate the importance of social relationships in learning to become a VTE…

  2. Social Inequality as an Enduring Phenomenon of General and Vocational Education--Characteristics in the Federal Republic of Germany and International Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickolaus, Reinhold; Gschwendtner, Tobias; Geibel, Bernd

    2009-01-01

    This paper seeks to (1) provide an overview, from a macroanalytical perspective, of the characteristics of unequal educational opportunities within an international perspective, (2) set out problems related to social selectivity, in particular within the vocational educational system in Germany and (3) describe examples of the interaction between…

  3. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  4. Structural Elaboration of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Systems in Developing Countries: The Cases of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurer, Markus

    2012-01-01

    While technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is re-emerging on the agenda of many development agencies and governments of developing countries alike, there remains a serious lack of theoretically grounded literature on how skills formation systems in developing countries change over time, and how these transformations are…

  5. Technical Vocational Education and Training for Micro-Enterprise Development in Ethiopia: A Solution or Part of the Problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondo, Tendayi; Dafuleya, Gift

    2010-01-01

    Technical vocational education and training (TVET) programmes have recently received increased attention as an area of priority for stimulating growth in developed and developing countries. This paper considers the situation in Ethiopia where the promotion of micro and small-sized enterprises (MSEs) has been central to the development and…

  6. Technical Vocational Education and Training for Micro-Enterprise Development in Ethiopia: A Solution or Part of the Problem?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondo, Tendayi; Dafuleya, Gift

    2010-01-01

    Technical vocational education and training (TVET) programmes have recently received increased attention as an area of priority for stimulating growth in developed and developing countries. This paper considers the situation in Ethiopia where the promotion of micro and small-sized enterprises (MSEs) has been central to the development and…

  7. 社会工作视角下高职院校学生宿舍文化建设%Vocational College Student Dormitory Culture Construction under the Perspective of Social Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽军

    2015-01-01

    高职院校学生宿舍文化建设是宿舍管理的灵魂和指引,通过剖析其难点,引入社会工作理念,探索其视角下的建设路径,从而研究高职院校学生宿舍文化创新发展方向,为便利宿舍管理奠定坚实的基础。%Vocational college students' dormitory culture is the soul and guidelines dormitory management, by analyzing its difficulties, the introduction of the concept of social work, explore the construction of the path of their Perspective, which studies vocational college students dormitory culture of innovation and development direction for the convenience dormitory management has laid a solid foundation.

  8. Aid, Social Policy, and Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Addison, Tony; Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel; Tarp, Finn

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses past and current social policy strategies in the international aid architecture as an introduction to the UNU-WIDER Special Issue. Beginning in the 1990s, aid strategy and policy shifted to put a stronger emphasis on human development. This accelerated with the Millennium...... Development Goals (MDGs) and will continue under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which have even more ambitious targets. The paper also assesses some of the concerns associated with the ‘Paris-style’ aid modalities, and discusses major challenges for the future global development agenda....

  9. Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel

    2011-01-01

    maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

  10. 我国高等职业教育社会资本投入的现状、问题及对策%On the Situation and Problems of Social Capital Devotion in China's Higher Vocational Education and the Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔玉平; 杨玉洁

    2015-01-01

    In a critical period of development of higher vocational education enterprise in our country, increasing investment amount is around the corner. Because the current financial education spending and household spending still cannot meet the needs of higher vocational education, improving the social capital spending on higher vocational education is imperative. Given that the enthusiasm of current enterprise, social organizations, individuals involved in the higher vocational education is not high, the scale of social donation is too small and not standardized, and so on, a series of incentives, support measures should be taken to promote social capital for the higher vocational education. The diversified investment mode of higher vocational education ,which is "government-led, family share, social investment", could eventually formed.%我国高等职业教育事业处于发展的关键时期,加大投入总量迫在眉睫,但当前财政性教育经费支出及家庭支出仍不能满足高等职业教育发展的需要,吸引社会资本对高等职业教育投入势在必行.鉴于当前企业、社会团体、个人参与高等职业教育积极性不高,社会捐赠规模过小且不够规范等情况,有必要采取一系列激励、扶助措施推动社会资本对高等职业教育的投入,最终形成"政府主导、家庭分担、社会投入"的高等职业教育投资主体多元化格局.

  11. 对我国职业院校学生职业道德发展状况的诊断研究%Large-Scale Diagnosis on the Vocational Ethics Development of Vocational Institution Students in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志群; 杨琳

    2011-01-01

    Vocational ethics education is an important part of vocational education.The paper offers a large-scale diagnostic analysis on the development of the vocational ethics of vocational institution students in China.The research found that students are unable to differientiate vocational identity from work ethics,vocational commitment from organizational commitment;and the commitment and vocational ethics of students of different institutions and specialities have significant difference,which is directly related to the specialty setup,learning content and the work organisation of enterprises.The approach adopted in this paper provides a new view for the development of vocational education research and vocational education management.%职业道德教育是职业教育的重要组成部分。通过对职业院校学生职业道德发展状况进行大尺度诊断(large-scale diagnostic)分析研究,发现我国职校学生尚无法区分职业认同感与工作道德、职业承诺与组织承诺;不同学校、不同专业学生的承诺和职业道德有显著差异,这与职业院校的专业设置、学习内容和实习企业的工作安排有直接关系。本文采用的研究方法为职教研究和职教管理提供了一种新思路。

  12. The Structural and Functional Model of Development of Profession-Oriented and Specialized Competences of Students at Vocational and Pedagogical Higher Educational Establishments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzanov, Boris N.; Tarasyuk, Olga V.; Bashkova, Svetlana A.; Ustakova, Daria A.; Sotskova, Svetlana I.

    2016-01-01

    The topicality of the problem under study is based on requirements of the society and the shortage of teachers of vocational education on the labour market, aimed at successful vocational and pedagogical activities by means of the needed level of development of profession-oriented and specialized competences through self-development and…

  13. Vocational Counseling and Training for Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Mercedes Vicente Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Deciding on a university degree is undoubtedly a difficult choice. This situation brings about fear of failing and disappointing yourself and others, which is a common feeling among high school students, becoming a source of anxiety and stress. This demonstrates the need for an appropriate vocational and professional guidance. In Cuba, this subject is gaining importance, since a greater number of youngsters have the opportunity to choose from more professions; thus, deciding on one or the other is a problem of great practical and social impact. Vocational guidance and training in the Cuban educational context aims to reaffirm the inclination of youth towards medical studies, where they fully develop their potential, on the basis of consolidating values and feelings, and a high social, moral and unconditional commitment to the practice of the profession. This paper presents various issues that currently affect vocational guidance and the role of each of the major participants in the process itself.

  14. The Place of Vocational Pedagogy in Pedagogical Science System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Ronzhina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to defining the place of professional pedagogy in the system of pedagogic sciences. It is justified by the goal-setting idea that implies the competent personality development in the process of vocational training and life long self-development. The need for vocational pedagogy was caused by the social demand for the unified successive system of vocational training. The pedagogic problems can be divided according to the goal setting into the two main categories: integration into the social and natural environment (socialization, and integration in professional environment (professionalism. Therefore, pedagogy incorporates two main spheres: the general and vocational pedagogy, in which the other types of pedagogic knowledge are specified. In compliance with the goal setting, the pedagogic issues of teacher training are also divided into two groups: 1 training teachers for socialization system– the goal of pedagogic training; 2 training teachers for professional system – the goal of vocational teacher training. Such division is rather formal as every educational establishment within the framework of the federal educational standards provides up-bringing, general education, personal and civil growth, etc. However, the author demonstrates the specificity of general and vocational education in accordance with the set goals. 

  15. The Place of Vocational Pedagogy in Pedagogical Science System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Ronzhina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to defining the place of professional pedagogy in the system of pedagogic sciences. It is justified by the goal-setting idea that implies the competent personality development in the process of vocational training and life long self-development. The need for vocational pedagogy was caused by the social demand for the unified successive system of vocational training. The pedagogic problems can be divided according to the goal setting into the two main categories: integration into the social and natural environment (socialization, and integration in professional environment (professionalism. Therefore, pedagogy incorporates two main spheres: the general and vocational pedagogy, in which the other types of pedagogic knowledge are specified. In compliance with the goal setting, the pedagogic issues of teacher training are also divided into two groups: 1 training teachers for socialization system– the goal of pedagogic training; 2 training teachers for professional system – the goal of vocational teacher training. Such division is rather formal as every educational establishment within the framework of the federal educational standards provides up-bringing, general education, personal and civil growth, etc. However, the author demonstrates the specificity of general and vocational education in accordance with the set goals. 

  16. The Role of Vocational Education and Training in Palestine in Addressing Inequality and Promoting Human Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randa Hilal

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available UNESCO's new emphasis on vocational education and training as transformative, and concerns in particular with equity and sustainable human development, has been strongly influenced by a recent literature on VET and human development that has a particular focus on the most marginalised, especially young women, and is concerned with how their aspirations, agency and achievement of wellbeing can be promoted in the face of wide-ranging structural obstacles. This article seeks to further develop that account through an even stronger emphasis on VET in the context of extreme poverty, inequality and marginalisation as faced in Palestine. VET in Palestine serves many of the poorest and most disenfranchised in Palestinian society in a context of profound structural obstacles to wellbeing achievement. Our analysis show a very positive story of how VET has helped highly disadvantaged young Palestinians, particularly young women, to make progress on their human development.

  17. Sociopolitical Development, Work Salience, and Vocational Expectations among Low Socioeconomic Status African American, Latin American, and Asian American Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diemer, Matthew A.; Wang, Qiu; Moore, Traymanesha; Gregory, Shannon R.; Hatcher, Keisha M.; Voight, Adam M.

    2010-01-01

    Structural barriers constrain marginalized youths' development of work salience and vocational expectations. Sociopolitical development (SPD), the consciousness of, and motivation to reduce, sociopolitical inequality, may facilitate the negotiation of structural constraints. A structural model of SPD's impact on work salience and vocational…

  18. The effects of portfolio-based advice on the development of self-directed learning skills in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kicken, Wendy; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen; Slot, Wim

    2009-01-01

    Kicken, W., Brand-Gruwel, S., Van Merrienboer, J. J. G., & Slot, W. (2009). The effects of portfolio-based advice on the development of self-directed learning skills in secondary vocational education. Educational Technology Research and Development, 57(4), 439 - 460. DOI: 10.1007/s11423-009-9111-3

  19. On the Basic Law of the Development of Vocational Education and Cognitive Biases and Practical Path%职业教育发展的基本规律、认知偏差与实践应对论略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朔; 王永莲

    2015-01-01

    职业教育的发展存在固有的基本规律,突出表现在与社会发展及人的发展的相互影响和相互规约,同时在具体的实践活动中职业教育发展的基本规律也有其特殊的呈现方式.然而,人们对职业教育发展规律的认知却出现了一定程度的偏差,如:遮蔽了职业教育规律的特殊性,忽略了职业教育规律的时代性,漠视了职业教育规律发生的间接性.对职业教育发展规律的认知偏差直接影响着职业教育的有序发展.鉴于此,相关主体应共同参与,协同共建,转变认知偏差,正确认识职业教育规律的实现机制,逐步完善与落实现代职业教育体系.%The development of vocational education has its inherent basic law, which can be reflected by the mutual influence between the human development and social development, and has its certain patterns in the specific practices. However, people's awareness of the law of development of vocational education has certain cognitive bias, such as veiling the particularity of vocational education law; overlooking the times of vocational education law and ignoring the indirect vocational education law occurred. The cognitive bias of the law of development of vocational education directly affects its orderly development. In view of this, the relevant parties should participate and build collaboratively, transform the cognitive bias comprehensively, hold a correct understanding of the mechanisms of vocational education law, and gradually improve the modern vocational education system.

  20. Social Work Experience and Development in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibin, Wang

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the experience and limitations of government-run social work and the nonprofessional nature of social work, and suggests that the rapid development of social work and its professionalization are the inevitable results of the reform in the system. The author maintains that under market socialism, social work requires the…

  1. Social Work Experience and Development in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibin, Wang

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the experience and limitations of government-run social work and the nonprofessional nature of social work, and suggests that the rapid development of social work and its professionalization are the inevitable results of the reform in the system. The author maintains that under market socialism, social work requires the…

  2. The Impact of Vocational Education on Poverty Reduction, Quality Assurance and Mobility on Regional Labour Markets--Selected EU-Funded Schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallenborn, Manfred

    2009-01-01

    Vocational education can serve to promote social stability and sustainable economic and social development. The European Union (EU) strategically employs a range of vocational educational schemes to attain these overriding goals. Topical points of focus are selected in line with requirements in the individual partner countries or regions. However,…

  3. Thailand - Country Development Partnership : Social Protection

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2002-01-01

    The Thailand Country Development Partnership for Social Protection (CDP-SP) is a collaborative program of policy development and technical assistance between the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection and the Bank and was launched in July 2001. CDP-SP operates in three key policy areas: labor markets; social insurance; and social assistance and safety nets. This report reviews the objecti...

  4. International Conference on Recent Research and Development in Vocational Education (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 12-19, 1989). Additional Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

    The conference recorded in this document covered a wide variety of themes and consisted of keynote addresses, research presentations, and workshops. The following keynote addresses are include: "Some Recent TAFE National Centre Research and Development in Australian Vocational Education" (Hall); "Vocational Teacher Education:…

  5. International Conference on Recent Research and Development in Vocational Education (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 12-19, 1989). Conference Papers. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

    The conference recorded in this document covered a wide variety of themes and consisted of keynote addresses, research presentations, and workshops. The following workshop presentations are included: "Vocational Education in a Developing Country" (Theron); "From the Technical to the Critical: A New Agenda for Vocational Education…

  6. The Development of a National System of Vocational Qualifications: A Discussion Paper. UNESCO-UNEVOC Discussion Paper Series. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to inform readers about the development of national qualifications systems and to provide guidance for countries aiming to set up or reform their systems. The paper is written in the context of vocational qualifications--that is, qualifications that are designed to prepare people for work or to assess their performance in…

  7. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauta, Margaret M.

    2010-01-01

    This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

  8. The concept of competence in the development of vocational education and training in selected EU member states: a critical analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, M.; Weigel, T.M.; Collins, K.M.

    2007-01-01

    This contribution follows the descriptive review of Weigel, Mulder and Collins regarding the use of the competence concept in the development of vocational education and training in England, France, Germany and the Netherlands. The purpose of this contribution is to review the critical analyses

  9. Re-Engineering Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) for Sustainable Development in North Central Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofoluwe, Abayomi Olumade

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to re-engineer vocational and technical education for sustainable development in the North Central Geo-Political Zone in Nigeria. The research design adopted was a survey inferential type. Stratified random was used to select 36 schools out of 98 schools while 920 students out of 3680 students were sampled. The data…

  10. Vocational Education Manual. Peace Corps/Tunisia. A Handbook for Volunteers. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Reprint R-46.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opper, Howard

    This manual was developed to train Peace Corps volunteers to teach vocational education in Tunisia, although it also has applications to the training of volunteers in other countries. The book is organized into four sections. The first section is an introduction that provides background information on the school system and the Peace Corps…

  11. Critical Issues in Assessment: Let's Take the Mystery out of Assessment for Vocational Preparation, Career Development, and Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leconte, Pamela J.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Assessment of students with disabilities is addressed in the context of career development, vocational education, and transition. Assessment is viewed as humanistic, therapeutic, holistic, and leading to self-determination and self-advocacy. Profiling, a process of linking a database of aptitude, skills, abilities, and instructional methodology,…

  12. The "Academization" of the German Qualification System: Recent Developments in the Relationships between Vocational Training and Higher Education in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolter, Andrä; Kerst, Christian

    2015-01-01

    The traditional German model of skill formation was based on the rather strict segmentation between vocational training and higher education. However, during recent years this differentiation has slowly dissolved, partly by politically motivated developments to increase the permeability between both sectors and partly as a result of latent changes…

  13. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauta, Margaret M.

    2010-01-01

    This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

  14. Re-Engineering Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) for Sustainable Development in North Central Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofoluwe, Abayomi Olumade

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to re-engineer vocational and technical education for sustainable development in the North Central Geo-Political Zone in Nigeria. The research design adopted was a survey inferential type. Stratified random was used to select 36 schools out of 98 schools while 920 students out of 3680 students were sampled. The data…

  15. Social education, human rights and sustainability in community development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio CARIDE GÓMEZ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article places its contributions in a reflection of a pedagogical and social nature about the links that are established between social education, human rights and sustainability in community development. In this regard, in a historical and prospective key, it places emphasis on the need to promote educational actions that, being consistent with the principles of equity and justice, make it possible to build a more democratic, inclusive and cohesive local-global society.A future expectation that must be confined to educational theories and practices where local communities assume the role they play in their own development processes, with an alternative vision to the ways of educating people and themselves on a daily basis, respectful of human and ecological rights. A line of action that coincides with the commitments made at the Global Action Programme on Education for Sustainable Development, adopted by UNESCO, and Resolution A/70/1 adopted by the General Assembly in 2015, Transform our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, guaranteeing lifelong learning for all.In this objective beats a decisive, although not explicit, of a pedagogical-social vocation: to train citizens that, individually and collectively being aware of their role in socio-environmental changes, assume the responsibilities inherent to the values that sustain life in all its diversity. Social education and community development that, by projecting initiatives in different times and social spaces, allows formative opportunities to be expanded beyond the school system and its curricular practices. The Environmental Education and the Local Agenda 21 continue being two references main for the reflection-action educational and community.

  16. Social networks and human development / Redes sociales y desarrollo humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Gallego Trijueque

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is a brief introduction to the concept of social networks and their importance in society. Social networks have been responsible over the centuries to preserve community values, in addition to being facilitators of social interaction in human development processes, through communication and relationships between individuals.

  17. Journal of Social Development in Africa: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Social Development in Africa. ... The journal publishes analyses, findings and recommendations relating to social development in Africa, including .... of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

  18. Essential competencies analysis of a training model development for non-formal vocational teachers under the office of the non-formal and informal education in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chayanopparat Piyanan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-formal vocational education provides practical experiences in a particular occupational field to non-formal semi-skilled learners. Non-formal vocational teachers are the key persons to deliver particular occupational knowledge. The essential competencies enhancement for non-sformal vocational teachers will improve teaching performance. The question of the research is what the essential competencies for the nonformal vocational teachers are. The research method was 1 to review related literature, 2 to collect a needs assessment, and 3 to analyse the essential competencies for non-formal vocational teachers. The population includes non-formal vocational teachers at the executive level and nonformal vocational teachers. The results from the essential competencies analysis found that the essential competencies for non-formal vocational teachers consist of 5 capabilities including 1 Adult learning design capability, 2 Adult learning principle application capability, 3 ICT searching capability for teaching preparation, 4 Instructional plan development capability and 5 Instructional media development capability.

  19. Comprehensive Social Skills Taxonomy: Development and Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, Nancy A; Kinnealey, Moya

    2015-01-01

    We developed a comprehensive social skills taxonomy based on archived children's social skill goal sheets, and we applied the taxonomy to 6,897 goals of children in 6 diagnostic categories to explore patterns related to diagnosis. We used a grounded theory approach to code and analyze social skill goals and develop the taxonomy. Multivariate analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc honestly significant difference test were used to analyze differences in social skill needs among diagnostic groups. We developed a taxonomy of 7 social skill constructs or categories, descriptions, and behavioral indicators. The 7 social skill categories were reflected across 6 diagnostic groups, and differences in social skill needs among groups were identified. This comprehensive taxonomy of social skills can be useful in developing research-based individual, group, or institutional programming to improve social skills. Copyright © 2015 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

  20. Researches on Brand Development Strategy of Higher Vocational College%高等职业院校的品牌发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马必学; 刘晓欢

    2011-01-01

    The paper points out that the brand of a higher vocational college is built up with the public recognition and judgment on its school running level, features of curricular provided and teaching quality. The brand can be an intangible asset to a college. It measures the college's comprehensive capacity. Thus, the paper contends that it is very important for higher vocational colleges to boost their brand. It explains that brand development strategy reflects the requirement and objectives of higher vocational education; it is a direct approach to the internationalization of education and the sustainable development of higher vocational education. The paper finally suggests that the brand development strategy should focus on such essential elements as philosophy culture, faculty building, for school running, curricula development, campus education quality and feature and social service.%高等职业院校品牌是学校在长期发展过程中由办学水平、专业建设、教学质量以及社会评价等在人们心中形成的印象和知名度,是学校的无形资产,是学校综合实力的集中体现。实施品牌发展战略是高等职业教育类型特征的客观要求,是促进教育有序、合理竞争的重要举措,是实现教育国际化,保证高等职业教育可持续发展的必然选择。建设高职院校品牌,要抓住其基本要素,从办学理念、品牌专业、学校文化、名师培养、教育质量、办学特色、社会服务等方面入手。

  1. Students in higher vocational colleges of the sense of social responsibility:investigation report----Based on the survey of 650 undergraduates in 6 Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学生社会责任感现状调查报告--基于在杭六所高职院校650名学生的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢晓峰

    2014-01-01

    The sense of social responsibility of undergraduates can become a main force of socialism construction personnel, conducive to social development is of great significance. Evaluation of the current situation of the social responsibility of higher vocational students is not a sense of. Taking personal responsibility, sense of responsibility, others the sense of social responsibility and ways of training content, based on the Zhejiang 6 in Hangzhou occupation colleges 650 students in 2013, a preliminary analysis of the survey results, from the self responsibility, responsibility to others, the sense ofsocial responsibility and social responsibility of Higher Vocational Students’ overall evaluation of four aspects of the preliminary statistics and analysis.%高职学生社会责任感的培养对能否成为有利于社会发展的人才、社会主义事业建设的主力军有重大意义。目前对高职学生社会责任感的现状评价不一。以个人责任感、他人责任感、全社会责任感和培养途径为内容,在2013年对浙江6所在杭职业院校650名学生进行调查,对调查结果进行初步分析,从自我责任感方面、他人责任感方面、全社会责任感方面和对高职学生社会责任感总体评价四个方面进行初步统计和分析。

  2. Career self-efficacy, career outcome expectations and vocational interests among Japanese university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Tomoko

    2004-08-01

    The Social Cognitive Career Model proposes that career interests arise from beliefs about capability to execute a course of activity (self-efficacy), and beliefs about the consequences of performing particular activities (outcome expectations). In our study, 301 Japanese university students were given questionnaires including the Vocational Preference Inventory and scales assessing Career Self-efficacy and Career-outcome Expectations. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated both self-efficacy and outcome expectations were significantly related to vocational interests. Outcome expectations accounted for significant incremental variance in explaining interests across six of Holland's vocational environments. Implications of social cognitive theory for career development and interventions among Japanese university students are discussed.

  3. Social innovation for People-Centred Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars; P.K., Shajahan

    2013-01-01

    Social innovation is closely related to the people-centred development (PCD) framework of knowledge production. The discussion of PCD in this chapter particularly expands on the feature of empowerment and socio-political mobilization of people in social innovation......Social innovation is closely related to the people-centred development (PCD) framework of knowledge production. The discussion of PCD in this chapter particularly expands on the feature of empowerment and socio-political mobilization of people in social innovation...

  4. 中等职业教育服装表演专业发展刍议%On the development of fashion show in secondary vocational education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁艳

    2016-01-01

    发展中等职业教育,不但有利于社会的团结稳定,有利于解决广大初中后青少年的谋生技能问题,更是满足国家经济结构调整中对大量技术型劳动力需求的重要途径;本文尝试探讨了中职教育服装表演专业面临的困境,并提出了解决困难的一些建议。%The development of secondary vocational education is not only conducive to social stability and unity, also helps to solve the problem of adolescents living skill, also an important way to meet the national economic structure adjustment demand for a large number of skilled labor. This paper explores the dilemma faced by vocational education major of fashion show, and put forward some suggestions to solve the difficulties.

  5. Social networks and the development of social skills in cowbirds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, David J; Gersick, Andrew S; Snyder-Mackler, Noah

    2012-07-05

    The complex interrelationships among individuals within social environments can exert selection pressures on social skills: those behaviours and cognitive processes that allow animals to manipulate and out-reproduce others. Social complexity can also have a developmental effect on social skills by providing individuals with opportunities to hone their skills by dealing with the challenges posed in within-group interactions. We examined how social skills develop in captive, adult male brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) that were exposed to differing levels of 'social complexity' across a 2-year experiment. After each year, subjects housed in groups with dynamic social structure (where many individuals entered and exited the groups during the year) outcompeted birds who had been housed in static groups. Exposure to dynamic structure subsequently led to substantial changes to the social networks of the home conditions during the breeding season. Static groups were characterized by a predictable relationship between singing and reproductive success that was stable across years. In dynamic conditions, however, males showed significant variability in their dominance status, their courting and even in their mating success. Reproductive success of males varied dramatically across years and was responsive to social learning in adulthood, and socially dynamic environments 'trained' individuals to be better competitors, even at an age when the development of many traits important for breeding (like song quality) had ended.

  6. Theories in Social Policy and Development Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    Theories in Social Policy and Development Studies Presentation for the PhD Seminar - Theories, Concepts and Methods in Development Studies and Sociology......Theories in Social Policy and Development Studies Presentation for the PhD Seminar - Theories, Concepts and Methods in Development Studies and Sociology...

  7. SOCIAL: An Integrative Framework for the Development of Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beauchamp, Miriam H.; Anderson, Vicki

    2010-01-01

    Despite significant advances in the field of social neuroscience, much remains to be understood regarding the development and maintenance of social skills across the life span. Few comprehensive models exist that integrate multidisciplinary perspectives and explain the multitude of factors that influence the emergence and expression of social…

  8. Future Directions: Social Development in the Context of Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killen, Melanie; Smetana, Judith G.

    2010-01-01

    Many societies and cultures have become increasingly diverse and heterogeneous over the past decade. This diversity has a direct bearing on social justice in children's and adolescents' social development. Increased diversity can have positive consequences, such as the possibility for increased empathy, tolerance, perspective taking, and the…

  9. The Research on the Vocational Education and Teaching Based on the Concept of Sustainable Development%基于可持续发展理念的职业教育教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许冰冰

    2012-01-01

    The research on the vocational education and teaching based on the concept of sustain- able development is not only the demand in the development of vocational education, but also the need of reality in which the concept of sustainable development is applied to the education and social prac- tice. The cultivation of studentg systematic and designing abilities should be taken as the teaching goal in the vocational education and teaching based on sustainable development. The concept of sustainable development should be integrated into the teaching content and the teaching method of autonomous learning should be used.%基于可持续发展理念的职业教育教学论研究,既是职业教育学科发展的要求,也是可持续发展诉诸教育和社会实践的现实需要。基于可持续发展理念的职业教育教学应以培养学生系统能力和设计能力为教学目标,将可持续发展的理念融入到教学内容中,并采用自主学习的教学方法。

  10. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  11. Development of Ecological Class of Vocational English%高职英语生态课堂的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕岩

    2016-01-01

    针对高职英语教学中存在的教与学的失衡、教师与学生关系的失衡、课堂主体与课堂环境的失衡、课内教学与课外活动的失衡等现象,提出在高职英语教学中构建生态课堂。通过对生态课堂内涵的认知,以及高职英语教学中生态失衡现象的分析,进而指明构建高职英语生态课堂的有效途径,实现高职英语教学各元素和结构的优化与平衡,促进高职英语教学沿着良性、多元、开放、和谐、可持续性方向发展,从而最大化地驱动高职英语教学质量的提升和教学效能的释放,达到最佳的教学效果。%Based on the ecological imbalance phenomena existing in the higher vocational English teaching, such as teaching and learning, the relationship between teachers and students, the main body of the class and the class envi-ronment, inside class teaching and outside class activity, this paper proposes developing the ecological class in higher vocational English teaching.Through the understanding of the connotation of the ecological class,as well as the analy-sis of the ecological imbalance, then it indicates the effective ways to construct the ecological class in the higher vo-cational Englishin order to achieve the optimization and balance of each element and structure of higher vocational English teaching, and to promotehigher vocational English teaching’s development along the benign, pluralistic, open, harmonious and sustainable direction. Thereby, it can drive the improvement of the higher vocational English teaching quality and release the teaching efficiency to the largest extent, and then achieve the best teaching effect.

  12. Capitalizing on Social Media for Career Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escoffery, Cam; Kenzig, Melissa; Hyden, Christel; Hernandez, Kristen

    2017-09-01

    Social media is powerful and has effective tools for career advancement. Health promotion professionals at all stages of their career can employ social media to develop their profile, network with a range of colleagues, and learn about jobs and other career-enhancing opportunities. This article focuses on several social media resources, describes their key functions for career development, and offers strategies for effective use. Steps in using social media include creating a personal profile, sharing products such as newsletters or publications, and locating volunteer and job opportunities. Learning skills to use social media effectively is important to advancing careers and to the expansion of the public health workforce.

  13. Developing Socially Responsible Leaders in Academic Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cauthen, T. W., III

    2016-01-01

    This chapter begins the exploration of what leadership education is through examining the relationship between educational involvement and academic autonomy in the development of socially responsible leaders.

  14. On the Construction and Development of Students’Scientific and Technological Associations in Higher Vocational Colleges%浅谈高职院校学生科技社团的建设与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马婧

    2014-01-01

    高职院校学生科技社团因其专业性与社会需求特性,对高职学生专业学习、综合素质提升以及实习就业等方面有着重要的作用。合理选拔社团成员,完善社团管理制度,积极开展社团活动,与技能大赛相结合,充分利用社会资源支持等,对于高职学生科技社团的建设与发展至关重要。%Students’scientific and technological associations with their characteristics of profession and social demands in higher vocational colleges are important to higher vocational students in their professional learning, improvement of overall quality, and practice and employment, etc. Selecting the members properly, improving and perfecting the management system, holding the activi⁃ties actively, combining with the skills competition and making full use of the support of social resources, are all vital to the con⁃struction and development of students’scientific and technological associations in higher vocational colleges.

  15. Thinking of Higher Vocational Education Development in Anhui and Fujian Province%对皖闽高职教育发展的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光辉

    2012-01-01

    The higher vocational college is an important part of higher education in China. In this paper, it analyses the present situation and the existing problems in higher vocational education in Anhui and Fujian Province, and puts forward some ideas about the development of the higher vocational college, so as to offer references for the development of higher vocational education.%指出了高职院校是我国高等教育的重要组成部分,分析了当前皖闽高职教育现状,从定位、转型、升级等方面探讨了高职教育目前存在的问题,提出了相应的对策与建议,以期为我国高职教育的发展提供参考。

  16. Analysis on the Lack of Professional Self-identity Sense of Vocational College Students under the Social Occupation Category Context%社会职业类别语境下高职生职业认同感缺乏现状探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈琳

    2014-01-01

    高职生职业认同感缺乏主要表现在心理和行为不自信、升本、择业拒绝基层岗位等方面,主要受传统观念、社会思潮、社会发展进程和中国家庭结构等因素影响。增强高职生职业认同感可通过提升高职教育吸引力、构建完备的职业教育体系、完善支持职业教育发展的社会协调机制、增加高职教育社会美誉度来实现。%Psychological and behavioral lack of self-confidence, the pursuit of admitted to undergraduate and refusing to grass-roots posts are the performance of lack of professional self-identity of higher vocational college students.which is mainly affected by the traditional ideas, the bad social thoughts, social development and Chinese family structure. We can enhance the attractiveness of vocational education, construct complete occupation education system, establish social coordination mechanism of supporting the occupation education development, and increase social reputation of higher vocational education to improve students sense of professional self-identity.

  17. Social contract and social integration in adolescent development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilles, W S; Kahle, L R

    1985-10-01

    Eighty-nine subjects from two high schools were tested during the spring of their sophomore and senior years, when their mean ages were 16 years, 1 month, and 18 years, 1 month, respectively. Composites measured social contract with: (a) independence, (b) implicit social contract, societal norms and expectations, and (c) explicit social contracts, rules. Composites and single items measured social integration with: (d) role commitment, (e) social-American Dream, accepting the belief in the American Dream that hard work would lead to social success, (f) self-American Dream, belief that hard work will produce personal satisfaction and success, (g) raw deal, perceptions of being treated unfairly, (h) self-blame, and (i) feelings of hopelessness. The results of the cross-lagged panel correlations generally support the hypothesis that students respond to implicit social contracts through role commitment, which is further expressed by a belief in the American Dream for social fulfillment, while responding to the perception of explicit social contracts by not believing in the benefits of the American Dream for personal fulfillment. These results were interpreted as supporting Dienstbier's theory of moral development.

  18. On Vocational College Aerobics Curriculum Reform to Promote Fitness Industry Socialization%论高职健美操课程改革推进健身产业社会化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖丽新

    2015-01-01

    Accordingly according to the characteristics of curriculum reform in Vocational Colleges Aerobics in higher vocational education, and dynamic course reform according to the development of fitness industry, promote the fitness industry socialization. Provide training base, higher vocational colleges as the fitness industry teacher training, provide the latest scientific research achievements in aspects of the iftness industry; iftness industry can provide part-time employment opportunities for students and reduce the iftness industry labor costs, save costs; the government should strengthen the regulation of iftness industry management market, is conducive to the development of fitness industry development management methods, management methods and other rules and regulations, improve the relevant laws and regulations, set the iftness industry access threshold, the scale formation system.%高职健美操根据职业院校的特色进行相应的课程改革,并根据健身产业的发展进行动态的课程改革,推进健身产业的社会化.高职院校为健身产业提供实训基地、师资培养,为健身产业提供科研方面的最新成果;健身产业可为学生提供业余就业机会,同时降低健身产业的用工成本,节约开支;政府应该加强规范健身产业经营管理市场,制定有利于健身产业发展的经营管理办法、人员管理办法等规章制度,完善相关法律法规,设置健身产业准入门槛,形成体系规模.

  19. Does the Availability of Vocational Qualifications through Work Assist Social Inclusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erica; Smith, Andy

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss whether the availability of qualifications through work-based traineeships in Australia assists social inclusion. Design/methodology/approach: Industry case studies, of the finance and cleaning industries, were undertaken as part of a national research project on quality in traineeships. The two…

  20. Does the Availability of Vocational Qualifications through Work Assist Social Inclusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erica; Smith, Andy

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss whether the availability of qualifications through work-based traineeships in Australia assists social inclusion. Design/methodology/approach: Industry case studies, of the finance and cleaning industries, were undertaken as part of a national research project on quality in traineeships. The two…

  1. The development of Social Pedagogy in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Romm

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The way social pedagogy is developing nowadays has been paved by a centuries-old tradition of social and pedagogical work, historical experience of the theoretical research on the prob- lems of interactions between the man and the environment, and experience of successful problem solution of proper socialization in educational organizations at different stages of social pedagogy (pre- soviet, soviet and modern periods. Modern state of social pedagogy is related to the issues of deter- mining the status of social pedagogy, finding the main methodology parameters, as well as the research-specific issues. This paper  also presents the characteristics of the main concepts of social pedagogy in Russia and the peculiarities of professional work done by social pedagogues.

  2. Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Rural Vocational Education Reform from the Perspective of Social Conflict Theory%社会冲突理论下精准扶贫与农村职业教育改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超凤

    2016-01-01

    In sociology,the content of social conflict theory is mainly reflected in the fields of politics,economics and culture. By the analysis of current rural vocational education from the perspective of Social Conflict theory,we could found that:There has been some conflicts in rural vocational education development,such as the conflicts of unrea-sonable comprehensive government planning,insufficient funds,traditional idea,inactive student and rural vocational education development. To realize the reform of rural vocational education,and coordinate the conflict in unreasona-ble government planning,we should change the function of government and govern it according to the laws;to re-solve the conflict in insufficient funds,the rich should help others and the society should support;to coordinate the conflict in unchanged idea,no child should be left behind and children should be proud of studying;to resolve the problems of inactive student,they should study with more enthusiasm and cooperate with others in group.%在社会学中,社会冲突理论的内容主要体现在政治、经济、文化三大领域。用社会冲突理论剖析目前农村职业教育现状可以发现,我国农村职业教育发展存在着与政府统筹不合理的冲突、资金不充裕的冲突、观念落后的冲突、学生积极性不高的冲突等。必须通过转变政府职能,依法治教,以协调政府统筹不合理方面的冲突;通过富者兼济,社会支持,以协调资金不充足方面的冲突;通过“有教无类”,以学为荣,以协调观念不改变方面的冲突;通过主动学习,小组合作,以协调学生学习不主动方面的冲突,从而推进农村职业教育改革发展,提升农村职业教育质量。

  3. Developing a Social Media Marketing tool

    OpenAIRE

    Valova, Olga

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the thesis is to develop a better, easier to use social media marketing tool that could be utilised in any business. By understanding and analysing how business uses social media as well as currently available social media marketing tools, design a tool with the maximum amount of features, but with a simple and intuitive User Interface. An agile software development life cycle was used throughout the creation of the tool. Qualitative analysis was used to analyse existing ...

  4. Consideration on Connotation Development Strategy of the Vocational Education Model of "City and School Interaction" -Rational Analysis on Connotation Development of Chongqing Vocational Education Base%"城校互动"职教发展模式内涵式发展战略的思考——关于重庆职业教育基地内涵式发展的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹勇; 刘灿国; 陈畅欢

    2009-01-01

    Connotation development is the demand of healthy growth of "city-school interaction" vocational education development model, is the demand of vocational education participating in market competition and demand of enhancing talents quality of regional economic and social development. The connotation development of "city-school interaction" vocational education model should strengthen systematic construction in six aspects: strategical view, governmental policy, quality engineering, cooperation and communication, study and consultation and city atmosphere.%内涵式发展是"城校互动"职教发展模式自身健康成长的需要,是参与职业教育市场竞争的需要,是区域经济社会发展对人才需求质量提高的需要."城校互动"职教发展模式内涵式发展应当加强战略观念、政府支持、质量工程、合作交流、研究咨询、城市氛围等六大系统建设.

  5. 职业教育服务社区机制下高职教育发展%The Development of Higher Vocational Education Under the Mechanism of Vocational Education Service for Community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁辉; 陈明昆

    2016-01-01

    To establish the linkage mechanism between community and vocational colleges is not only an important embodiment of the social service function of modern higher vocational colleges,but also the practical needs of economic structure adj ustment and learning community construction.The essence of vocational education service for community is to integrate and optimize educational resources, to realize the advantages of complementary,resource sharing and multiple integration.The reform of higher vocational education should pay attention to establish a linkage mechanism for communities and local occupation colleges,insist on the concept of large vocational education,form a good occupation training system,open education resources and active docking community needs.%建立社区与职业院校的联动机制,既是现代高职院校社会服务功能的重要体现,也是经济结构调整和学习型社区建设的现实需要。职业教育服务社区的实质是整合和优化优质教育资源,实现优势互补、资源共享及多元融合。高职教育改革应注重建立社区与地方职业院校联动机制,坚持大职业教育观,形成良好的职业培训体系,开放教育资源,主动满足社区需求。

  6. Social capital: its constructs and survey development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enfield, Richard P; Nathaniel, Keith C

    2013-06-01

    This article reports on experiences and methods of adapting a valid adult social capital assessment to youth audiences in order to measure social capital and sense of place. The authors outline the process of adapting, revising, prepiloting, piloting, and administering a youth survey exploring young people's sense of community, involvement in the community, and the development of social capital. They then discuss the trade-offs of defining the often amorphous concepts included in social capital as they select measurement scales. The constructs used in the survey are agency, belonging, engagement, and trust for bonding, bridging, and linking forms of social capital.

  7. Older Women's Career Development and Social Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Bimrose, Jenny; Watson, Mark

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers women's career development and the potential contribution of career development theory, research, practice and policy in advancing a social inclusion agenda. In particular, the paper focuses on older women in the contexts of an ageing population, labour market shortages and Australia's social inclusion agenda. Supporting young…

  8. Epistemological Development in Social Work Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson-Meger, Jennifer

    2014-01-01

    Epistemological development is an important factor in facilitating learner identity and developing critical thinking aptitudes. This qualitative action research study explored undergraduate social work students' epistemological beliefs about knowledge, how knowledge is constructed, and implications for social work education. Data collection…

  9. Older Women's Career Development and Social Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Bimrose, Jenny; Watson, Mark

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers women's career development and the potential contribution of career development theory, research, practice and policy in advancing a social inclusion agenda. In particular, the paper focuses on older women in the contexts of an ageing population, labour market shortages and Australia's social inclusion agenda. Supporting young…

  10. Social and Technological Development in Context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian

    1997-01-01

    This papers studies the processes developing technology and its social "sorroundings", the social networks. Positions in the debate on technological change is discussed. A central topic is the enterprise external development and decision processes and their interplay with the enterprise internal...

  11. Social Justice for Human Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaramillo, Nathalia

    2010-01-01

    The topic of social justice in U.S. teacher education has a long and protracted history that harkens back to the civil rights movement of the mid-20th century, with its attendant legal rulings and constitutional amendments that sought to undo the legacy of discrimination against communities of color, women, and the poor. What is lost,…

  12. Social Justice for Human Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaramillo, Nathalia

    2010-01-01

    The topic of social justice in U.S. teacher education has a long and protracted history that harkens back to the civil rights movement of the mid-20th century, with its attendant legal rulings and constitutional amendments that sought to undo the legacy of discrimination against communities of color, women, and the poor. What is lost,…

  13. Development and application of social learning theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, V; Archbold, J

    This article traces the development of social learning theory over the last 30 years, relating the developments to clinical nursing practice. Particular attention is focused on the contribution of Albert Bandura, the American psychologist, and his work on modelling.

  14. Social Software Engineering Development and Collaboration with Social Networking

    CERN Document Server

    Keyes, Jessica

    2011-01-01

    Although the precepts of software engineering have been around for decades, the field has failed to keep pace with rapid advancements in computer hardware and software. Modern systems that integrate multiple platforms and architectures, along with the collaborative nature of users who expect an instantaneous global reach via the Internet, require updated software engineering methods. Social Software Engineering: Development and Collaboration with Social Networking examines the field through the spectrum of the social activities that now compose it. Supplying an up-to-date look at this ever-evo

  15. Rehabilitation of compensable workplace injuries: effective payment models for quality vocational rehabilitation outcomes in a changing social landscape.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Hanley, Francine; Lewis, Virginia; Howe, Caroline

    2015-01-01

    With social and economic costs of workplace injury on the increase, efficient payment models that deliver quality rehabilitation outcomes are of increasing interest. This paper provides a perspective on the issue informed by both refereed literature and published research material not available commercially (gray literature). A review of payment models, workers' compensation and compensable injury identified relevant peer-reviewed and gray literature that informed our discussion. Fee-for-service and performance-based payment models dominate the health and rehabilitation literature, each described as having benefits and challenges to achieving quality outcomes for consumers. There appears to be a movement toward performance-based payments in compensable workplace injury settings as they are perceived to promote time-efficient services and support innovation in rehabilitation practice. However, it appears that the challenges that arise for workplace-based rehabilitation providers and professionals when working under the various payment models, such as staff retention and quality of client-practitioner relationship, are absent from the literature and this could lead to flawed policy decisions. Robust evidence of the benefits and costs associated with different payment models - from the perspectives of clients/consumers, funders and service providers - is needed to inform best practice in rehabilitation of compensable workplace injuries. Available but limited evidence suggests that payment models providing financial incentives for stakeholder-agreed vocational rehabilitation outcomes tend to improve service effectiveness in workers' compensation settings, although there is little evidence of service quality or client satisfaction. Working in a system that identifies payments for stakeholder-agreed outcomes may be more satisfying for rehabilitation practitioners in workers' compensation settings by allowing more clinical autonomy and innovative practice. Researchers

  16. Features of corporate social responsibility development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Shandova

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the aspects of the formation of social responsibility of Ukrainian companies. The need in the analysis of the factors of development of the business corporate social responsibility concept is caused by a change of interaction between the government, business and society. The result of research represents the corporate social responsibility as a specific company’s reaction to the demands of society to reflect in its actions the interests, values and expectations of stakeholders. The article determines and systematizes the main factors that impact on company’s corporate social responsibility. To the external factors belong the policies of supranational and national governments in the area of corporate social responsibility, the level of economic development, the government support for entrepreneurship, the public opinion about corporate social responsibility and the external pressure of other stakeholders. The internal factors include the economic efficiency of enterprises, the ratio of benefits and costs of corporate social responsibility implementation, personal beliefs of owners and shareholders, the corporate culture of the organization. The research of the factors of corporate social responsibility development will provide the mass distribution of socially responsible business and will contribute to the creation of its own models of social responsibility.

  17. Vocational and Technical Education in Lebanon: Strategic Issues and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karam, Gebran

    2006-01-01

    The current status of the Lebanese vocational and technical education (VTE) system is assessed and the strategic issues and challenges facing it are identified. In addition to the economic and social challenges that are common to many developing countries, the Lebanese system suffers from idiosyncratic problems, which may require innovative and…

  18. [Vocational orientation in medical rehabilitation: development of a practice handbook and a homepage as user-oriented media for rehabilitative practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukasczik, M; Löffler, S; Gerlich, C; Wolf, H-D; Neuderth, S

    2011-06-01

    Vocational orientation in medical rehabilitation has become an important issue in rehabilitation science and practice in Germany. Although a variety of vocationally oriented interventions has been developed in recent years, there is still a lack of consensus with regard to the definition of specific types of interventions as well as relevant criteria (e. g., methods; instruments; duration/frequency; patient groups). Building on preliminary definitions, basic types of vocationally oriented measures/interventions were conceptually modified and refined in the context of a consensual process. 39 experts of various professions were contacted during a 2-stage Delphi survey to evaluate existing definitions of vocationally oriented interventions using key questions. Standardized descriptions of 5 vocationally oriented basic interventions were specified in cooperation with an interdisciplinary panel of experts. Descriptions were published in a workbook and a homepage for researchers and clinicians, which also contain information on the implementation of measures into rehabilitative care as well as good practice examples. The media developed in this project may contribute to the transfer of research results on vocationally oriented rehabilitation into health care practice.

  19. Measuring Social Capital Accumulation in Rural Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teilmann, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    Using a theoretical framework, the study proposes an index that can measure the social capital of local action group (LAG) projects. The index is founded on four indicators: number of ties, bridging social capital, recognition, and diversity, which are aggregated into one social capital index....... The index has been tested in LAG-Djursland, Denmark, and the study further investigates whether the organisational affiliation, project financing, and LAG co-financing can explain the degree of social capital accumulation. Furthermore, the author has tested if there are connections between motivation...... for pursuing development projects similar to those implemented previously and the degree of social capital. The paper concludes that there are indications that projects hosted by municipalities tend to show the most social capital, there is no connection between the amount of project financing and social...

  20. 提升高职院校社会服务能力的策略分析%An Analysis of Strategy to Improve the Social Service Ability of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖飞鹏; 庞晓勤

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing the connotation social service ability of higher vocational colleges,this paper attempts to find out the problems in the construction of the social service ability of higher vocational colleges and the causes,and proposes the strategy to improve social service ability of higher vocational colleges.%通过对高职院校社会服务能力的内涵进行分析,找出当前我国高职院校社会服务能力建设中存在的问题及成因,提出通过树立社会服务的办学思想、多方争取政府部门和企业支持、打造良好的社会服务条件,提升高职院校的社会服务能力。

  1. Inclusive education and social competence development

    OpenAIRE

    Mortimore, T; Zsolnai, A

    2015-01-01

    Students with special educational needs are exposed to the same social and cultural effects as any other child. Their social and emotional development also evolves under those influences and they, too, must adjust to the conditions of their environment. In several cases, however, an inadequate learning environment keeps these children from experiencing and learning social skills and abilities (such as self-confidence and independence). Inclusive education for children with special educational...

  2. The Actuality and Analysis of Vocational Education Validity in Social Transformation%转型期职业教育有效性的现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴祥

    2012-01-01

    1978年改革开放以来的社会转型,促使我国经济社会结构的随之转变。这种转变势必会影响到我国职业教育的方方面面。在新形势下,我国需要在职业教育管理体制、职业教育投入、办学形式、职业学校教育教学等方面不断改革创新,从而提升我国职业教育的有效性,以应对社会转型带来的机遇与挑战。%Social transformation,since reforming and opening up from 1978,changes our country's economic and social structure subsequently.This shift will inevitably affect our vocational education in all aspects.In the new situation,the country needs reform and innovation in management system,investment,approach and teaching of vocational education,which will enhance the effectiveness of professional education in our country and response to the opportunities and challenges from social transformation.

  3. Career Development of Soft Power of Higher Vocational College Student%高职生职业发展软实力问题探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐烨; 曲士英

    2014-01-01

    In the era of boundaryless career ,the standards of individual career paths and success change greatly. It becomes an important aspect of designing the content and structure of career development of soft power. It includes four aspects,such as career development initiative,mental adaptability,lifelong learning ability and social network management capabilities. Universities should pay attention to the whole process of career development of students. Higher vocational students should accumulate from the study and the social practice in order to enhance the soft power.%在无边界职业生涯时代,随着职业生涯发展模式、生涯成功评价标准的变化,高职生职业发展软实力成为影响职业成功及生涯满意度的重要因素。职业发展软实力包含职业生涯主动性、心理适应能力、终身学习能力和社会关系网络管理能力。高校要重视职业发展软实力的全过程开发,高职生要以主体性的角色从学习、实践的积累中增强职业发展软实力。

  4. Social gravities and artistic training paths: the artistic vocation viewed through the prism of the concept of temporal form of causality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Pita Castro

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This contribution is based on a previous research dedicated to the life paths of art school graduates whose empirical data consisted of 13 autobiographical interviews. It cuts these paths into biographical periods and attempts to throw light on the relationships they have between each other. This contribution starts from an observation: in spite of candidates being admitted to an art school and obtaining the same degree, their artistic vocations take several different directions and are highly polarized in terms of social origins. This article brings out this dichotomy through the concept of temporal form of causality. It highlights biographical logics that determine the achievement of the artistic project by articulating archaeological and procedural analysis of the biographies, and it points out a certain number of social gravities that find their origin in the social space and that become significant over the life paths.

  5. Developing an Authentic Base for Teaching Spoken Indonesian in Vocational Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansell, Deryn

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on part of a research project that was generated by an evident need to incorporate cultural knowledge in language learning within the option of a Year 12 vocationally-oriented curriculum. Language-specific research was undertaken to ascertain the intercultural knowledge in communication related to hospitality and to propose a…

  6. Development of an E-Learning Platform for Vocational Education Systems in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schober, Andreas; Müller, Frederik; Linden, Sabine; Klois, Martha; Künne, Bernd

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes an existing web-based learning platform named "Third Place of Learning" (TPL)--"Dritter Lernort". This project's aim is to connect the system of vocational education with digital media by a web-based learning platform. TPL supports student's digital learning by means of interactive examples and exercises.…

  7. Developing an Authentic Base for Teaching Spoken Indonesian in Vocational Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansell, Deryn

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on part of a research project that was generated by an evident need to incorporate cultural knowledge in language learning within the option of a Year 12 vocationally-oriented curriculum. Language-specific research was undertaken to ascertain the intercultural knowledge in communication related to hospitality and to propose a…

  8. Development and Evaluation of a Vocational Experience Curriculum for Educable and Disadvantaged Students. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardin County Board of Education, Elizabethtown, KY.

    A project was designed to measure the effects of integrating basic reading and mathematical instruction with prevocational instruction through the addition of a basic skills resource room, a technical simulation unit, and guidance and counseling to the ninth grade vocational experience program for educable mentally handicapped and disadvantaged…

  9. Development of an Instrument to Measure Consumer Satisfaction in Vocational Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capella, Michele E.; Turner, Ronna C.

    2004-01-01

    Although state agencies are required by law to assess their consumers' satisfaction with vocational rehabilitation (VR), each state uses its own instrument to measure satisfaction. This not only makes comparisons across states impossible but also means that the quality of these instruments varies widely from state to state. As with other…

  10. Developments in Pedagogic Nomenclature in Australian Vocational Education: Evolution of Revolution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Ian

    2009-01-01

    Over recent decades the nomenclature of "innovative" pedagogic approaches in vocational education and training (VET) has undergone a number of changes. In almost all cases "traditional face-to-face" teaching is set as the comparative benchmark and painted in pejorative terms. Using aspects of Basil Bernstein's theoretical…

  11. Vocational Training for Liushou Women in Rural China: Development by Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Hongxia; Liu, Zhiwen; Li, Ling

    2015-01-01

    As industrialisation and urbanisation aggressively take hold in China, all possible labour pools are being tapped to meet the market demands. Liushou women, or women who stay behind in rural areas as their spouses join the massive migrant workforce, are one such labour pool. Vocational training has been adopted by the Chinese state as a…

  12. Human Resource Development through Vocational Education in the United Arab Emirates: The Case of Dubai Polytechnic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Stephen

    2002-01-01

    Data from Dubai Polytechnic and United Arab Emirates government sources indicate that postsecondary private-sector vocational education plays a significant role in the government policy of increasing the proportion of native workers in the labor force. However, private colleges and universities have been hindered by political and economic…

  13. A Study of Vocational College English Teaching Based on Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈映丹; 江晶鑫

    2015-01-01

    Piaget has taught us that we learn a great deal about how students think by listening carefully during the class,by paying attention to their own ways of solving problems.If English teachers understand the Vocational College students’ thinking,they will be better able to match teaching methods to students’ abilities.

  14. A Study of Vocational College English Teaching Based on Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈映丹; 江晶鑫

    2015-01-01

    Piaget has taught us that we learn a great deal about how students think by listening carefully during the class,by paying attention to their own ways of solving problems. If English teachers understand the Vocational College students' thinking,they will be better able to match teaching methods to students' abilities.

  15. Investigation on the Status Quo of Migrant Workers’ Motivation for Vocational Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhua; HE; Lu; ZUO

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of migrant workers’motivation for training is of significant importance to promote the vocational training effectiveness.The survey study of 626 migrant workers in Guangdong province identified that occupational development motivation is the most intensive,followed by the social environment and job responsibility while cognitive interest and interrelationship are among the least.Therefore,the authors suggest that appropriate guidance should be conducted to facilitate migrant workers’motivation in vocational training participation,and vocational training design and management should be delivered on the basis of motivation features.

  16. The Development of Social Stereotyping in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigler, Rebecca S.

    This paper discusses a theory of the formation of social stereotyping and prejudice in children. This intergroup-developmental theory of prejudice has three primary goals: to account for the development of stereotyping and prejudice across multiple domains; to provide a developmental account of social stereotyping, outlining how developmental…

  17. 高等职业教育向职业化发展的思考%On profession-oriented development of higher vocational colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛文娟

    2013-01-01

    The higher occupation education is the main force of high level of technical personnel training, it plays an important role in the development of China's economic construction and social development. This paper reviews the development of higher occupation education, begins from the higher vocational education development's problem and perplexity of higher occupation education, put forward the development of occupation. Through the analysis of the connotation of higher occupation education to develop to professionalism, to think and put forward the train of thought and strategy of the development of occupation.%  高等职业教育是高水平技术人才培养的主力军,它的发展对我国经济建设和社会进步发挥了重要作用。文章回顾了高等职业教育发展历程,由高职教育发展中面临的问题和困惑着手,提出高等职业教育要向职业化发展。通过对高等职业教育向职业化发展内涵的分析,思考并提出职业化发展的思路和策略。

  18. ASPECTS ON SOCIAL ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela NECHITA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Social economy has developed from the need to identify new innovative solutions to some economic, social or environmental problems as well as to meet the requirements of community members, requirements which are often ignored or unsatisfactorily covered by the public or private sector. Social economy is a sector with a major contribution to creating new jobs, sustainable economic growth and optimal income and social welfare distribution. The paper points out certain aspects that can contribute to the increase, promotion and strengthening of this sector of activity in order to become a genuine element of national economy.

  19. 高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛发展与赛制完善%On Development and Improvement of Vocational Skills Competition among Students Majored in Automobile in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕天维

    2015-01-01

    At present, theresultsof students' vocational skill competition have become an important indicatorto weigh the comprehensive strength to run a schooland also an important assessment index of thesocial influence. This paper takes students' vocational skill competitionof automobile major as the research object, analyzes the development status of stu-dents' vocational skill competitionin automobilemajor, surveyes the main problems existing instudents' vocational skills competition in automobile major, and combined with the problems, proposes relevant countermeasures and suggestions.%当前,职业技能竞赛成果已经成为衡量高职院校办学综合实力和社会影响力的重要评价指标。以高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛为研究对象,分析了高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛发展情况,调研了高职汽车专业学生职业技能竞赛现存主要问题,并结合问题提出了有针对性的对策建议。

  20. DoD Needs to Improve Vocational Training Efforts to Develop the Afghan National Security Forces Infrastructure Maintenance Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    level (apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman ) in each facility maintenance trade and stated that training will continue until the students demonstrate...11A performance standard for a vocational skill level could be an apprentice, journeyman, or craftsman . A vocation type for

  1. Development of social behaviour in young zebrafish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena eDreosti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Adult zebrafish are robustly social animals whereas larvae are not. We designed an assay to determine at what stage of development zebrafish begin to interact with and prefer other fish. One week old zebrafish show no social preference whereas most three week old zebrafish strongly prefer to remain in a compartment where they can view conspecifics. However, for some individuals, the presence of conspecifics drives avoidance instead of attraction. Social preference is dependent on vision and requires viewing fish of a similar age/size. In addition, over the same one to three week period larval zebrafish increasingly tend to coordinate their movements, a simple form of social interaction. Finally, social preference and coupled interactions are differentially modified by an NMDAR antagonist and acute exposure to ethanol, both of which are known to alter social behaviour in adult zebrafish.

  2. 基于需求分析的高职商务英语专业课程设置研究%On Curriculum Design of Business English Major in Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Social Demand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜洪芹

    2015-01-01

    Based on Professor Shu Dingfang’ s Needs Analysis model, social needs and learner’ s indi-vidual needs for Business English learning are analyzed in Wuxi higher vocational colleges.When designing Business English major curriculum, four principles should be followed for higher vocational education:to re-fer to “post group model” to meet the local economy development, to deal with the relations among courses of different kinds, to strengthen faculty competence and propel training base construction, and to build a cooper-ative and task-specified team for curriculum design.%依托束定芳教授的需求分析模式,调查无锡地区高职院校商务英语专业学习社会需求及学习者个人需求。高职院校商务英语专业课程设置应遵循四个原则:参照“岗位群模块”以满足地方经济发展需求,处理好不同类别课程之间关系,加强师资力量和实训基地建设,建立明确分工、相互协作的课程设置团队。

  3. Theory and Measures of Self-energy Development of Vocational Students%高职学生自能发展的理论与措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘先法

    2011-01-01

    目前,高职教育十分重视教育的基本功能,注重专业技能的提高,但缺乏对高职学生的整体关心和终身关怀,学生的发展受到很大的制约.要使高职学生从根本上提高,必须提高高职学生的自能发展能力.笔者就高职学生的知识结构、心理缺陷、发展后劲等问题,提出自能发展的概念、自能发展的培养措施等.%At present the vocational education attaches great importance to the basic functions of education. pays attention to improvement of professional skills, but it is lack of overall concem and lifelong care for vocational students, so the development of students has been greatly restricted. To radically improve the development of vocational students, we need to improve the self-energy development of vocational students. Based on the issues in the knawledge structure, psychological defects development potential of vocational students. the writer proposed the concept and measures of self-energy development.

  4. Catalytic models developed through social work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mogens

    2015-01-01

    The article develops the concept of catalytic processes in relation to social work with adolescents in an attempt to both reach a more nuanced understanding of social work and at the same time to develop the concept of catalytic processes in psychology. The social work is pedagogical treatment...... of adolescents placed in out-of-home care and is characterised using three situated cases as empirical data. Afterwards the concept of catalytic processes is briefly presented and then applied in an analysis of pedagogical treatment in the three cases. The result is a different conceptualisation of the social...... work with new possibilities of development of the work, but also suggestions for development of the concept of catalytic processes....

  5. Development of the Social Efficacy and Social Outcome Expectations Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Stephen L.; Wright, Dorothy A.; Jenkins-Guarnieri, Michael A.

    2013-01-01

    The current study developed an 18-item scale measuring individuals' social expectations in relationships related to their efficacy expectations (Subscale 1) and outcome expectations (Subscale 2) based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, using an undergraduate sample ("N" = 486),…

  6. [Mortality as an index of social development].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illanes, J P

    1984-01-01

    The author examines the use of measures of mortality as indicators of social development. Separate consideration is given to general mortality, infant mortality, and life expectancy. He concludes that the Chilean and Latin American mortality data cannot be analyzed separately from the available social data as a whole, and that the traditional health indicators for the measurement of social development continue to be valid. Comments by Ernesto Medina, Dagmar Raczynski, Juan P. Illanes, and Tarsicio Castaneda are included (pp. 107-14), as well as a reply to these comments by the author (pp. 114-6).

  7. 基于可持续发展的高职学生职业素质养成%On Higher Vocational Students’ Vocational Quality Fostering Based on Sustainable Development Concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方华

    2013-01-01

    高职学生职业素质养成是其可持续发展的重要条件。通过对用人单位进行调查,可以发现其需要的高职学生职业素质主要包括思想素质与专业技能素质等,但在实际工作环境中,高职学生的职业素质却存在一定的缺失。因此,在高职教育的过程中还应加强对高职学生职业素质的培养,并坚持人本理念、实践育人、专业化育人、文化育人、"三全"育人和自我育人等原则,从而全面推动高职学生职业素质的养成。%Vocational quality fostering is the important requirement of higher vocational student ’s sustainable development.Surveys on employers reveal that what they want is ideological quality and Specialist Skill and quality,but more or less lacks exist in actual work environment. So strengthen the cultivation of higher vocational students’professional quality and following the principle of Humanistic philosophy,Practice education, Professional education,Culture Education,All three education,Self education in the process of high vocational education is necessary,and will do good to student’s vocational quality fostering.

  8. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  9. 基于高职IT园区提升社会服务%On Increasing Social Service Ability Based on IT Park in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马强

    2011-01-01

    Based on a view of university-industry cooperation in depth, the research focuses on differentiation evaluation about social service ability of IT park in higher vocational college, and regarding a series of work: the discussion of a series of typical IT park, the discussion ability training process about IT professional teachers in higher vocational college based on IT park, the show of some effective strategy that socialized scientific research hatching and redound mechanism, traction and feedback with IT project teaching, relying on school-enterprise composite structures that have multiple enterprise for every college, etc.%基于校企深度合作的视角,分析了高职IT园区社会服务能力的差异化评价问题,结合国内典型的高职IT园区,论述了高职IT专业教师基于IT园区的能力培养过程,提出了社会化的科研孵化与回报机制、lT项目化教学的牵引与反哺、一对多校企组合结构的依托等有效对策。

  10. International Standards in Vocational Education and Training for Financial Services Sector to Ensure Sustainable Development and Environmental Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigova Maria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of the Triple E Project developed by EBTN for the purpose to work out qualifications standards for finance services sector in the focus of sustainable development and environmental safety. The Triple E is based on the three instruments – European qualification framework and concept of learning outcomes (EQF, credit system (ECVET and quality assurance (EQAVET for vocational education and training. These three systems are the building blocks of European policy in vocational education and qualifications system with the task to strengthen the integration processes in the European educational area. They also take into account the concept of UNESCO in the field of education and sustainable development. Besides, the article traces the history of relations between educational providers, employers and public authorities in the Russian Federation in the context of setting requirements for learning outcomes and qualifications. The concepts of qualification, velocity of changes in educational standards, the establishment of a national system of qualifications of the Russian Federation, the emergence of professional standards are carefully analyzed. Current and potential problems in the assessment of qualifications are referred to. It is stressed that the volume of open data in the area of professional development, education and labor should be increased and the quality thereof significantly improved.

  11. A STUDY ON THE EMPOWERING TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND QUALITY ASSURANCE TO INCREASE TEACHERS’ EFFECTIVENESS IN VOCATIONAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istanto Wahyu Djatmiko

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is to remind teachers that professional development and quality assurance are required to perform a good working in improving either learning process or school quality. Nowadays, teaching has been officially recognized as a profession. Consequently, teachers must be enforced professionally in their charges. To be professional in carrying their tasks, teachers must continuously improve competency themselves and perform quality assurance in their duties. This study is a literature review related to the importance of professional development and quality assurance in order to increase teachers’ effectiveness in providing learning services in Secondary Vocational Schools. Professional development is the need required by any teachers. Teachers’ professional development in Vocational Secondary School is expected to create changes in attitudes, improve the learning process and promote the students’ learning output and outcomes. In addition, teachers are not only responsible for improving the quality of learning outputs but also for working collaboratively with other teachers to elevate the quality of learning outcomes. It suggests the quality assurance as the key to achieve and to ensure the quality of teaching learning process and also the school’s effectiveness demanded by the stakeholders.

  12. Developing a Social Media and Marketing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulds, David J.; Mangold, W. Glynn

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the process used and experiences gained in developing a social media and marketing course. As the first known paper on this topic appearing in the marketing education literature, the paper provides educators with a framework for developing similar courses. The course was developed using a sound instructional design model, the…

  13. Developing a Social Media and Marketing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulds, David J.; Mangold, W. Glynn

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the process used and experiences gained in developing a social media and marketing course. As the first known paper on this topic appearing in the marketing education literature, the paper provides educators with a framework for developing similar courses. The course was developed using a sound instructional design model, the…

  14. Creativity and the Child's Social Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabors, Martha L.; Edwards, Linda C.

    1994-01-01

    Presents three teacher-preschooler scenarios illustrating teacher actions that hinder creativity and social development. Discusses the connection between psychosocial and creative development in light of Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Suggests that teachers need to be flexible, consider children's feelings, foster…

  15. The Development of Technical and Vocational Education for Vietnam--A Case Study in Quality Improvement. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Duong

    This report provides a general overview of technical and vocational education in Vietnam, with information on the country's economy, climate, population, and culture. It summarizes the history and present practices of these types of education in the country, and suggests measures to improve the quality of teachers and instructors. Some of the…

  16. 高职大学生社会支持现状的调查研究%Survey on Social Support Status Quo of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2014-01-01

    采用肖水源的社会支持量表,以618名高职大学生为研究对象,调查分析了高职大学生社会支持现状,结果表明:是独生子的高职大学生客观支持得分显著高于非独生子的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生,非独生子的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于独生子,是班干部的高职大学生主观支持得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持利用度得分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生;生源地是城市的高职大学生支持总分显著高于生源地是农村的高职大学生;是班干部的高职大学生支持总分显著高于非班干部的高职大学生。结论:高职大学生的社会支持呈现一定的特点,受其生源地、是否为独生子女、是否为班干部等因素的影响。对高职大学生开展心理健康教育时,要充分考虑其社会支持程度的差异性,鼓励其积极主动获取社会支持。%This survey employs Xiao Shuiyuan’s social support scaling method and uses 618 higher vocational col-lege students as research objects to survey and analyze social support status quo of college students. The result shows that the objective support score of higher vocational college students who are only child is higher than non -only child significantly;the subjective support score of higher vocational college students whose origins are cities is much higher than those from rural areas;the subjective support score of the non - only child is far higher than the only - child;the subjective support score of class leaders is even higher than those who are not class leaders;the support availability score of class leaders is significantly higher than those who are not class leaders;the total sup-port score of those from cities is higher than those from rural areas;the total support score of class leaders is

  17. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  18. Social Development in Hong Kong: Development Issues Identified by Social Development Index (SDI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chua, Hoi-wai; Wong, Anthony K. W.; Shek, Daniel T. L.

    2010-01-01

    Surviving the aftermaths of the Asian Financial Crisis and SARS in 2003, Hong Kong's economy has re-gained its momentum and its economic growth has been quite remarkable too in recent few years. Nevertheless, as reflected by the Social Development Index (SDI), economic growth in Hong Kong does not seem to have benefited the people of the city at…

  19. Socialization and Ethnic Identity Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinreich, Peter

    A study of identity development was carried out in Bristol, England, with Asian, West Indian, and indigenous British adolescents. Ethnic and gender differences in patterns of identification conflict with others were found between minority group boys and girls. Both sexes from both minority groups, however, had substantial identification conflicts…

  20. Language Development in Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Lloyd; Phillips, Rick

    1987-01-01

    Describes a program in a tenth-grade geography class for helping students who speak English as a second language develop better writing skills. Specifically examines the use of English as a second language (ESC) teaching techniques to accomplish this task. (RKM)

  1. 大学生职业兴趣量表编制%Development of vocational interest scale of university students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健美; 王鹏; 陈国鹏

    2010-01-01

    Objective To develop a Vocational Interest Scale of University Students which fits the contemporary current university students, and it could give directions to university students when they were choosing a vocation. Methods Taking Holland's theory as the guide and taking 65 items of Self-Directed Search (SDS) for reference, then adding 28 items which standed for contemporary current university students' ideas of vocational interest to develop original Vocational Interest Scale of University Students. Results The formal scale included 7 tendency(subscales) and 61 items,7 subscales were technology tendency, administration tendency, business trade tendency ,art tendency ,investigation tendency,transaction tendency. The reliability of the scale was very good, the Cronbach's coefficients and spit-half reliability were over 0.7. The factor analysis abstracted 7 factors and the total variance explained reached 45%. The factor analysis results indicated that the scale had a good structure.Conclusion This scale make vocational interest as measuring object and could be a useful tool to give directions to university students who are choosing some vocation.%目的 编制适合当代大学生的职业兴趣量表,并能对大学生就业指导起到一定的参考作用.方法 以Holland理论为借鉴和指导,参考自我导向搜索测验量表(SDS)中的项目65个,并融入代表当代大学生职业兴趣观念的自编项目28个,编制成为原始的大学生职业兴趣量表.通过探索性因素分析的方法 对原始量表结构进行调整,并对项目进行删减,最终形成大学生职业兴趣量表.结果 编制了包括7个倾向(分量表),即技术技能倾向、管理组织倾向、商贸经营倾向、艺术创造倾向、自然户外倾向、科学研究倾向、一般事务倾向,61个项目的 大学生职业兴趣量表.该量表的信度较为理想,内部一致性信度、分半信度基本均在0.7以上,量表的因素分析结果 提取了7

  2. Developing Social Accountability Indicators at Medical Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalilian hamed Hasan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Medical education is constantly discussed by experts due to its close relationship with the public health from the perspectives of relevance, appropriateness and responsiveness to community needs. There is no consistent general model to evaluate the social accountability of medical schools. This study was conducted to develop indicators of social accountability in medical schools. Methods: Criteria and indicators of social accountability were developed during three stages. In the first stage, after a deep review on the Global Consensus on Social Accountability of Medical Schools (GCSA and several papers we developed baseline areas, criteria and indicators. In the second stage, during the first round of the Delphi, the tables draft was sent to twenty medical education experts. Then, comments were collected and classified in the first meeting of the focus group discussions and necessary reforms were implemented in the tables. In the third stage and second round of Delphi, the set of revisions were sent the same selected experts. The suggested reforms were applied after collecting the instructors’ comments in the second focus group discussions. Five members of the focus group discussions were selected based on their relevant knowledge and experience in social accountability issues. Results: Ten areas, twenty-eight criteria and ninety-five indicators were developed after three stages of study with two rounds using the Delphi method and two focus group sessions. To clarify the criteria and indicators, we tried to make the developed indicators and criteria practical so that they could be used in the social accountability evaluation of medical schools. Conclusion: According to the importance and key role of social accountability in the medical schools mission, using comprehensive indicators can result in better accreditation and evaluation of medical schools .This study has prepared applicable and comprehensive indicators for evaluation

  3. Students' Meaning-Making and Sense-Making of Vocational Knowledge in Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijlsma, Nienke; Schaap, Harmen; de Bruijn, Elly

    2016-01-01

    Meaning-making and sense-making are generally assumed to be part of students' personal vocational knowledge development, since they contribute to both students' socialisation in a vocation and students' personalisation of concepts, values and beliefs regarding that vocation. However, how students in vocational education acquire meaning and make…

  4. Social BI. Trends and development needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corneliu Mihai PREDA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to show that the need to implement BI solutions that integrate social networks data is increasingly more acute. Companies need to understand that efficient decision making has to take into account the importance that social medial has nowadays. In addition, the software developing companies have to keep up to date with new trends generated within these communication channels and adapt their solutions to this dynamic environment.

  5. Possibilities of the ErgoScope high fidelity work simulator in skill assessment, skill development and vocational aptitude tests of physically disabled persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izsó, Lajos; Székely, Ildikó; Dános, László

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper - based on the extensive experiences of the authors gained by using one particular work simulator - is to present some promising possibilities of the application of this (and any other similar) work simulator in the field of skill assessment, skill development and vocational aptitude tests of physically disabled persons. During skill assessment and development, as parts of the therapy, the focus is on the disabled functions. During vocational aptitude tests, however, the focus is already on the functions that remained intact and therefore can be the basis of returning to work. Some factual examples are provided to realize the proposed possibilities in practice.

  6. 也谈高职院校图书馆的发展创新%Talking about the Development and Innovation of the Library of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊丽

    2016-01-01

    阐述了高职院校图书馆的发展现状,分析了图书馆创新的重要性和必要性,并为高职院校图书馆的发展与创新提出了针对性的解决措施。%This paper expounds the development status of the library of higher vocational college, analyzes the importance and necessity of library’s innovation, and puts forward some targeted solutions for the development and innovation of the library of higher vocational college.

  7. Disrupted social development enhances the motivation for cocaine in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baarendse, P.J.J.; Limpens, J.H.W.; Vanderschuren, L.J.M.J.

    2014-01-01

    for behavioural development. In particular, social play behaviour during post-weaning development is thought to facilitate the attainment of social, emotional and cognitive capacities. Conversely, social insults during development can cause longlasting behavioural impairments and increase the vulner

  8. Child Social Development in Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godwin S. Ashiabi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In his later writings, Bronfenbrenner revised his ecological theory, resulting in the bioecological model that gave prominence to proximal processes and the relationship between the context and individual characteristics. Drawing on the bioecological model, we hypothesized that (a contextual influences will be mediated by proximal processes, (b proximal processes will have a more powerful impact on children’s development than contextual factors, and (c the effect of contextual and proximal processes will vary as a function of child characteristic and developmental outcome. Data used were from a sample of 28,064 six- to eleven-year-olds in the 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health. A multigroup structural equation model that employed a process-person-context research design was used to analyze the data. In general, support was found for the meditational hypothesis and the hypothesis that the impact of contextual factors and proximal processes varies as a function of person and the developmental outcome. Partial support was found for the hypothesis that proximal processes exert a more powerful effect on development than contextual factors.

  9. Intelligence and its development: Social representations and social identities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel, I.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available From the paradigm of social representations theory, results from an interview- based study are presented. Forty-five Portuguese participants with different educational roles were interviewed individually about their definitions of intelligence and perceived family and school contributions for its development. Content analyses of the answers led to the differentiation of distinct categories, presenting intelligence as a multi-dimensional concept and identifying which specific educational practices are perceived as enhancing its development. Subsequent correspondence analyses shed light on the relationship between the various representational components and individuals’ group membership, as defined by their educational roles. Extracted dimensions and typologies illustrate the socio-cognitive complexities of representations both by disentangling which domains build up an intelligible sense of intelligence for each group of participants and by demonstrating social representations’ function in protecting a positive self-image. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings in educational research and intervention are discussed.

  10. 论高职院校大学生社会责任感的培养机制%Research on the Cultivating Mechanism for College Students’ Social Responsibility in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄芳

    2014-01-01

    Cultivating college students’ social responsibility can not be ignored in higher education, which has greatly close relation with the quality and future of everyone of them, social development, the nation’s future and the destiny of nations. Vocational colleges are one of the important parts in the higher education system. Therefore, they should focus on cultivating students’ skills, and they should also concentrate on develop their social responsibility.%培养大学生的社会责任感是高等教育中不容忽视的一环,这不仅关系到每位大学生的品质和前途,而且关系到社会发展、国家前途和民族命运。高等职业院校是我国高等教育体系中的重要组成部分,在对大学生培养一技之长的同时,也应该对大学生的社会责任感加以教育和培养。

  11. Social Justice Competencies and Career Development Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra; Marshall, Catherine; McMahon, Mary

    2013-01-01

    The recent focus on social justice issues in career development is primarily conceptual in nature and few resources account for the challenges or successes experienced by career development practitioners. The purpose of this article is to report the results of a research study of career practitioners in Canada regarding the competencies they use…

  12. Spiritual Development as a Social Good

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Mona; Tran-Parsons, Uyen

    2013-01-01

    The skill development of equanimity and empathy gained through spiritual growth equips students to examine solutions to complex problems in a diverse, global society. This chapter explores intentional multicultural initiatives designed to foster spiritual development and interfaith engagement as means to navigate difference and social good.

  13. Mediation as a source of social development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpern Ljudmila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author deals with prison as an archaic social institution, which reflects an archaic conception of human being, his needs and duty, but exists in a modern society. Russian prisons are institutions of a male initiations as well as a Russian army. They give a special sort of male socialization, very archaic and military, patriarchal and hierarchal; produce a special kind of society divided on unmixed social groups, casts, and is very violent. Taking into account how many people go through prison in Russia (rotation near 300 people per year, every 4th man got in contact with prison and every 3rd with army and a fact that prison and society are communicating vessels, our prisons, our prisoners and former prisoners are a good reserve of our social underdevelopment, social cruelty, our disability to promote social reforms, to take care about vulnerable group of our population (children, old people and female, because they are not a part of male prison and a military hierarchy. An attempt to modernize prison life, prison condition by different way and especially mediation as a way to make them softer and human is an attempt of social development.

  14. 智利职业教育的改革与发展%Reform and Development of Vocational Education in Chile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张广兵

    2015-01-01

    The vocational education in Chile has experienced the stages of foundation,reform character-ized by decentralization and privatization,and adjustment and further development.The vocational educa-tion in Chile is characterized by highly market -oriented,fully playing the role of private enterprises and companies in vocational education and training,offering training incentives to in -service training through subsidies and tax reduction or rebates,offering public training plan to in -service staff,learning from for-eign vocational education and carrying out international cooperation in vocational education actively.%智利职业教育经历了初创、以权力下放和私有化为特征的改革、调整与深化的发展历程。职业教育的高度市场导向,充分发挥私人企业和公司在职业教育与培训中的作用,以及通过减退税、补贴政策鼓励与支持在职培训,对在职员工提供公共培训计划,积极学习外国职业教育,并积极开展职业教育方面的国际合作是其特色。

  15. Developing a social media platform for nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Jennifer; Kennedy, Maggie

    2015-11-18

    Social media tools provide opportunities for nurses to connect with colleagues and patients and to advance personally and professionally. This article describes the process of developing an innovative social media platform at a large, multi-centre teaching hospital, The Ottawa Hospital, Canada, and its benefits for nurses. The platform, TOH Nurses, was developed using a nursing process approach, involving assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation. The aim of this initiative was to address the barriers to communication inherent in the large number of nurses employed by the organisation, the physical size of the multi-centre hospital and the shift-work nature of nursing. The platform was used to provide educational materials for clinical nurses, and to share information about professional practice. The implications of using a social media platform in a healthcare setting were considered carefully during its development and implementation, including concerns regarding privacy and confidentiality.

  16. Social Upgrading in Developing Country Industrial Clusters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pyke, Frank; Lund-Thomsen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we examine the role of social upgrading in developing country industrial clusters. We argue that while economic growth and productivity enhancement matter, social conditions within clusters are influenced by state monetary, fiscal, and labour policies and regulations, as well...... as by dynamic processes of agency among cluster governance actors. We find that the state's policies and regulations might enable or constrain cluster actors to behave in ways that affect social upgrading or downgrading. These policies and regulations may also be used by the state to directly change social...... conditions in national contexts, including in cluster settings, in order to further the government's overall economic strategy. The conclusion outlines our main findings, and the research and policy implications of our analysis....

  17. 高职教师PCK发展的实践研究--以高职教师公开课为例%Practice and Research on the PCK Development of High-er Vocational Teachers:A Case Study on the Open Less-ons of Higher Vocational Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白艳群

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the higher vocational perspective, with the open lessons of higher vocational teachers as the objective of study, this paper explains the meaning of PCK, analyzes the PCK situation of higher vocational teachers in their open lessons, holds that the research on higher vocational teachers' PCK is important, and proposes strategies for the PCK development of higher voca-tional teachers.%本文从高职视角出发,以高职教师的公开课为研究对象,阐述了PCK的内涵,分析了高职教师公开课上的PCK情况,认为高职教师PCK研究具有重要意义,并提出了高职教师PCK发展的策略。

  18. On Xinjiang Binguan Vocational Education Group Development%新疆兵团职业教育集团化办学发展探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学志

    2011-01-01

    本文对兵团职业教育存在的问题进行梳理,对其现状进行了客观分析,阐述了兵团职业教育集团化办学发展的意义和可行性,提出了推进兵团职业教育集团化办学的建议。%This article sorts out the the problems in Bingtuan vocational education, offers an objective analysis of their situation, elaborates on the meaning and feasibility of the development collectivization of Bingtuan vocational education, and put forward suggestions on the promotion of the collectivization of Bingtuan vocational education.

  19. The sustainable development of higher vocational education in question%略论高职教育中人的可持续发展问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学杰

    2014-01-01

    当前限制高职学生扩展发展空间的是学生缺乏职业技能,潜在素质薄弱。高职教育的发展,既要重视培养学生的技能,也要重要培养学生的素质,促使高职学生成为高素质的高技能人才,保证他们具有可持续发展的能力。这是时代发展的需求,也是高职院校教育可持续发展的必然要求。%Higher vocational students' potential quality is weak, lack of professional skills, which limits the development. The development of higher vocational education should attach importance to cultivate the students' skills, and also important to develop student's quality, make higher vocational students to become qualified high skill talented person, make sure they have the ability of sustainable development. This is the needs of the development of the era is also a necessary requirement for the sustainable development of higher vocational college education.

  20. 以科学方式培训中职生良好行为习惯%Developing Secondary Vocational Students' Good Habits with Scientific Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琨

    2012-01-01

    There exit some problems in secondary vocational students' behaviors and habits.Starting from six behaviors and habits of secondary vocational students,this paper attempts to develop their good habits through scientific and operative methods.%中等职业学校学生的行为习惯存在一定问题,论文从调查中职学生日常六个行为习惯着手,针对其不良习惯,力图通过科学的、可操作的培训方式来训练学生形成良好的行为习惯。

  1. Social Aspects Of Rural Community Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majerová Věra

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A well-balanced relationship between economic and social progress is the main prerequisite of rural community stability. Economic development is influenced by many factors. Some of these are statistically discoverable and quantifiable, while others, which fall within the sphere of social relations and their identification, are more difficult to measure and interpret. Czech rural areas face many problems which arise from their specific features – socio-demographic structure, job possibility of various social groups, provision of the proper level of public services, transport accessibility, etc. However, there is no direct connection between economic factors and mutual relations within the rural community. Values, opinions and the behavioural patterns of people are immediately displayed in a locality, but their character is shaped by the regional and national assumptions of every stage of development. Contributions are drawn from the accessible literature and secondary data of empirical research projects.

  2. How do social norms influence prosocial development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    House, Bailey R

    2017-08-12

    Humans are both highly prosocial and extremely sensitive to social norms, and some theories suggest that norms are necessary to account for uniquely human forms of prosocial behavior and cooperation. Understanding how norms influence prosocial behavior is thus essential if we are to describe the psychology and development of prosocial behavior. In this article I review recent research from across the social sciences that provides (1) a theoretical model of how norms influence prosocial behavior, (2) empirical support for the model based on studies with adults and children, and (3) predictions about the psychological mechanisms through which norms shape prosocial behavior. I conclude by discussing the need for future studies into how prosocial behavior develops through emerging interactions between culturally varying norms, social cognition, emotions, and potentially genes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Research on the Psychological Motivations and Factors of the Social Entrepreneurship in the Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学生公益创业心理动机的特点与影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈湘瑶; 韦小双

    2015-01-01

    公益创业作为一种新的解决社会问题的方式引起人们的广泛关注﹐高职院校学生公益创业动机有别与传统的商业创业动机﹐利他动机是公益创业的核心动机﹐也是高职院校学生参与公益创业的的出发点﹐近年来﹐公益创业动机呈混合化发展趋势﹐高职院校学生公益创业心理动机的影响因素主要体现在内因与外因两个方面﹐内因与外因相互渗透﹐共同影响公益创业的心理动机水平。%Social entrepreneurship is a new way to solve social problems which caused widespread concern. Social Entrepreneurship motives are different from traditional ones. Altruistic motivation is his core motivation. It is also the starting point for vocational students to participate in social entrepreneurship. In recent years, the social entrepreneurship motivation appears mixed development trend. Internal and external factors are the ones which affected social entrepreneurship psychological motivation level in vocational college students.

  4. SYSTEM AND ACTIVITY APPROACH TO THE PROBLEMS SOLUTION OF COMPUTER COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena E. Neupokoeva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The scientific specification of system and activity approach in relation to conditions of the educational process aimed at the development of computer competence is presented in the article. The task of efficiency increase of training process in information technologies of future teachers of vocational education in area of economy and management is set in the present research. Thus the attention of authors is focused on involving the trainees’ creative potential as much as possible through the application of model of the operated creative process.Results. Research was conducted at the Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University; the main methods of research are a method of supervision, questioning and conversation. By results of research, the specifying steps to areas of technology of the organization of educational process, approaches and techniques are made; didactic materials and manuals that led to increase of results of educational process which main objective is an improvement of quality of formation of computer competence are developed.Scientific novelty. Though separate elements of this research have already appeared in scientific literature, but in such combination, in relation to this technique of the organization of educational process, with use of the user computer hermeneutics (the term is for the first time used in such definition researches have not been conducted yet.Practical significance. The practical importance of work originates in a problem of development of computer competence of future teachers of professional education and plays a key role in the development of continuous education in the conditions of a general computerization and large-scale development of a global network. 

  5. Research on Social Support of Vocational College Students%高职学生社会支持的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志芬

    2011-01-01

    Questionnaire investigation on 601 vocational college students showed that female students make a better use of social support;the freshmen are not only have a higher social support,but also they are more adapt at the use of social support than the other grades' students;the students of good academic achievement have more social support and objective support,they also have more feelings and gain more experience from all aspects of support than the others.%选取601名高职学生进行问卷调查,结果显示,女生更善于利用社会支持;一年级学生有更高的社会支持,也更善于利用社会支持;学习成绩良好的学生有更高的社会支持,获得的客观支持更多,更能感受、体验到来自于各个方面的支持。

  6. 基于劳动力转移视角的职业教育发展对策探析%On the Strategy of Developing Vocational Education from the Perspective of Labor Transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张涛

    2012-01-01

    农村剩余劳动力转移是我国社会经济发展的必然趋势,合理有效转移农村剩余劳动力是关系到我国新农村建设和社会稳定的重大战略问题。当前,我国农村剩余劳动力转移面临着受教育水平较低、转移就业缺乏稳定性和有序性等困境。职业教育是提高农村剩余劳动力职业技能,促进农村剩余劳动力向外有效转移的重要渠道。要顺利解决农村劳动力转移就业,必须大力发展职业教育培训。因此,提出以发展职业教育促进劳动力顺利转移的对策,实现职业教育和劳动转移的双向发展。%Transfer of rural surplus labor is an inevitable trend of social-economic development in our country.Operating it efficiently and reasonably matters a great deal to the New Rural Community construction and social stability.Nowadays,rural surplus labor transfer in our country faces with the dilemmas of the lower education level of the labors,the lack of stability and order in transfer.Vocational education is an important way to improve the rural surplus labors' skill and to stimulate surplus labor transfer.To successfully solve employment problem for the transferred labors,we must vigorously develop the vocational education training.Therefore,this thesis tries to put forward the solutions of vocational education to promote labor transfer and to achieve the goal of development of both vocational education and labor transfer.

  7. Psycho-Social Development of Child Labourers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaraudanjoki, Esa

    This paper examines the psychosocial development of Nepalese child laborers. The findings are discussed in relation to the questions of where and how learning occurs, whether transfer or generalizations occur from specific skills to other activities, and what role the socialization process plays in the psychological well-being of the Nepalese…

  8. Social Interaction Development through Immersive Virtual Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beach, Jason; Wendt, Jeremy

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if participants could improve their social interaction skills by participating in a virtual immersive environment. The participants used a developing virtual reality head-mounted display to engage themselves in a fully-immersive environment. While in the environment, participants had an opportunity…

  9. Ongoing development of social cognition in adolescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vetter, N.C.; Leipold, K.; Kliegel, M.; Phillips, L.H.; Altgassen, A.M.

    2013-01-01

    Age differences in social cognition between adolescents and young adults were investigated. Two large groups of adolescents and young adults were given tasks of theory of mind and emotion recognition. In addition, to control for possibly related basic cognitive development, working memory, speed of

  10. Social and Moral Development in Teacher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohlhaver, Dorothy

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the shift of emphasis from the cognitive to the moral and ethical in secondary and higher education. Considers the possibility of a genetic basis for morality and the importance of understanding the social context for transmitting moral values in the academic setting. Suggests techniques for facilitating moral development in…

  11. On internationalization development path of higher vocational education%高等职业教育国际化发展路径的探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建民

    2015-01-01

    目前,我国高等职业教育国际化发展程度普遍较低,面临的发展困境较多。为了探索高等职业教育国际化发展的有效路径,分析了世界经济全球化背景下高等职业教育国际化发展的现实意义,提出了当前形势下高等职业教育国际化发展首先要解决更新国际化教育理念,高职院校国际化办学要明确定位、选准对象。对处于不同发展阶段的高职院校,实施国际化发展要因校而异、各有侧重,走出一条适合各自学校发展、富有特色的国际化发展路径。%At present,internationalization development level of higher vocational education in our coun-try is generally low and is facing quite a lot of development difficulties.In order to explore the effective path of internationalization development of higher vocational education,this paper analyzes the practical significance of internationalization development of higher vocational education in economic globalization background,and puts forward that internationalization development of higher vocational education in the current situation should first renew internationalization education concept and higher vocational colleges should definitize own positions and choose right obj ects in international school running.Higher vocation-al colleges at different development stages should implant internationalization development according to their own situation and focus on their own needs,thus choosing and exploring suitable and distinctive in-ternalization development paths of their owin.

  12. Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

  13. Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

  14. Differences and Similarities in the Use of the Portfolio and Personal Development Plan for Career Guidance in Various Vocational Schools in The Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittendorff, Kariene; Jochems, Wim; Meijers, Frans; den Brok, Perry

    2008-01-01

    In The Netherlands, a growing number of vocational education and training institutes are implementing competence-based approaches to learning, including new career guidance practices. These practices often involve instruments such as portfolios or personal development plans, and are aimed at supporting students in their search for a sense of…

  15. Development Status and Countermeasures of Disabled People's Vocational Education%残疾人职业教育发展现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于莹莹

    2014-01-01

    Disabled people's vocational education is a special form of education, which is an important way to acquire skills and achieve self-development, as well as is of very important significance for disabled people. In recent years, the government has enhanced support for vocational education of disabled people investment, carried out policy support from multi-angles and increased capital investment from multi-channels to the disabled vocational education. Thus, in the face of new development situation and opportunities, the development status and policy innovation should be seriously considered in order to promote the development of the disabled vocational education.%残疾人职业教育是具有特殊性的教育形式,是残疾人掌握技能、实现自我发展的重要途径,对残疾人的发展具有重要的意义。近年来,政府增强了对残疾人职业教育的支持力度,多视角进行政策扶持,多渠道增加资金投入。因此,在面对新的发展形势与机遇时,应认真思考残疾人职业教育发展现状与政策创新,更好地促进我国残疾人职业教育事业的发展。

  16. Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

  17. Towards Inclusive Learning Environments (TILE): Developing the "Roadmap for the Inclusion of Students with Special Educational Needs in Vocational Education and Workplace Settings"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Andy; Bell, Sheena

    2015-01-01

    Twenty years after UNESCO's Salamanca Statement enshrined international action for provision for children, youth and adults with special educational needs within the regular educational system, this article presents the current underpinning international and national UK context for developing inclusion in vocational education and training and…

  18. Learning Processes of Students in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Relations between Goal Orientations, Information Processing Strategies and Development of Conceptual Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman, Maaike; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Teune, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n = 719; 14 schools). Students' preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires.…

  19. “Professional, approachable, and fair” – Students’ perceptions of the vocational education teacher’s authority

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Koski-Heikkinen

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available How do students perceive vocational education teachers and their authority? The purpose of this study was to describe the vocational education teacher’s authority and the basis of authority relationship. Finnish vocational education students (N = 65 were recruited in this study. They were asked to write about vocational education teachers through a method of empathy-based stories. The students depicted the authority relationship by describing a good or unsuccessful teacher’s actions in vocational teaching situations. The data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis method. In the students’ writings, the teacher authority were viewed from four dimensions that were pedagogical skills, professional expertise, social skills, and personal characteristics. Based on the results, a typology of vocational education teacher’s authority was created and presented in this article. The typology can be used in teacher training and as a tool for vocational education teachers to contemplate on their position and to develop a functional authority relationship with vocational education students.

  20. Socially responsible marketing decisions - scale development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Lončarić

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to develop a measurement scale for evaluating the implementation level of the concept of social responsibility in taking marketing decisions, in accordance with a paradigm of the quality-of-life marketing. A new scale of "socially responsible marketing decisions" has been formed and its content validity, reliability and dimensionality have been analyzed. The scale has been tested on a sample of the most successful Croatian firms. The research results lead us to conclude that the scale has satisfactory psychometric characteristics but that it is necessary to improve it by generating new items and by testing it on a greater number of samples.

  1. Social Skills Development for Preschool Children with Visual Impairments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrenkopf, Carol; And Others

    Social skills development of preschool children with visual impairments is discussed. A review of the literature considers the field of child development and social cognition, the effect of blindness on child development, and the effects of blindness on social cognition. Three areas concerning the development of social skills for children with…

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF SERVICE MARKET OF HIGHER EDUCATION AS A PRIORITY DIRECTION OF VOCATIONAL SCHOOL MODERNIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Bedenko

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the analysis of the developed market of higher educational services, various problems in the regional higher education service markets are designated and disproportions in the educational services market are revealed which in case of a suspense pass into the category of barriers to representatives of all interested parties.In the unstable conditions of a social and economic situation in our society, absence of the forecast of economy development, formation of profile structure of specialist training is complicated. Violation of traditional educational communications with employers, weak influence of professional communities on educational system development, backwardness of a labor market complicates reduction of education content in compliance with economic and social sphere requirements, the organization of practical training for students, employment of graduates. New conditions of providing educational services in Russia, such as transition from the state monopoly to a multistructure education system as well as paid education have caused a need of reorganization in the work of educational institutions. Competitive fight for the consumer has toughened requirements to quality and conditions of training service. Creation of an extensive network of the most various non-state educational institutions, penetration of the foreign educational institutions into Russian market which have a rich market experience in the field of professional education, possibility for Russian citizens to get education abroad  have resulted in the fact that consumers of educational services can now make an independent choice of various training programs, depending on its contents, forms and training methods, as well as conditions of their acquisition.

  3. Social development in Costa Rica. The social gap; a matter of economic, political and social definition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Montero Cordero

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available To simultaneously achieve development and equity results from human beings’ generation of capabilities on equal terms; you cannot speak of social development when few receive the utility of the joint effort of many. In Costa Rica the social protection systems are being threatened by the sustainability of public funds, due to low tax burdens, impoverished collections, tax evasion and structurally fixed costs, condemning our economy to social instability and thus the widening the income gap, education, health, ethnicity, services and other elements of development. The errors of inclusion and exclusion are much of the corruption and cronyism that have historically been taking over our democratic systems, issue that confronts us with an inescapable and urgent necessity; improving the skills and abilities of public employees in assertive selection of public policies to mitigate the effects of a globalized and polarized world in the social, political and economic areas.

  4. Support from Teachers and Trainers in Vocational Education and Training: The Pathways to Career Aspirations and Further Career Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Claudia; Stalder, Barbara E.; Tschan, Franziska; Häfeli, Kurt

    2014-01-01

    Transition from school to work is a challenging period for young people with learning difficulties. In the dual vocational system of Switzerland, teachers at vocational educational and training (VET)-schools, as well as trainers at VET-companies, provide important support. We were interested in the different pathways from this support to…

  5. The Effect of the Values Education Programme on 5.5-6 Year Old Children's Social Development: Social Skills, Psycho-Social Development and Social Problem Solving Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dereli-Iman, Esra

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the Values Education Programme (developed for pre-school children) on the children's social skills, psycho-social development, and social problem solving skills. The sample group consisted of 66 children (33 experimental group, 33 control group) attending pre-school. The Values Education Programme…

  6. ICT development for social and rural connectedness

    CERN Document Server

    Alias, Nor Aziah

    2013-01-01

    ICT Development for Social and Rural Connectedness provides an introduction to the concept of 'connectedness', and explores how this socio-psychological term has evolved during the age of the Internet. The book surveys the principles of ICT for development (ICTD), and closely examines how ICT has played a pivotal role in the rural community development of various countries. To highlight the continued benefits of ICT in these regions, the book presents an in-depth case study that analyzes the connectedness within the rural internet centers of Malaysia. The book is intended primarily for researc

  7. Developing Ethical Guidelines for Creating Social Media Technology Policy in Social Work Classrooms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shane R. Brady

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper will discuss social media technology in the context of social work education. While social media technology is prevalent in social work education, most discourse about ethical use of social media in the classroom has taken a prescriptive and overly cautious approach that neglects the context dependent nature that social work educators teach in as well as the overwhelmingly positive potential of social media technology in the classroom. This paper utilizes social constructivist theory and the Competing Values framework to guide the development of an ethical decision making framework for social work educators to use in order to create dynamic classroom policies related to social media technology. The authors strive to make a modest contribution to the existing literature related to social media technology and social work through the development of this new ethical decision making framework and discourse related to social media technology, ethics, and social work education.

  8. Social Capital, culture and theories of development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio De la Peña García

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a critical review of the concept of social capital, focusing on the theoretical underpinnings of the communitarian approach. It argues that this approach has a culturalist bias that omits key issues of inequality, conflict and power, making it a tool that is unlikely to contribute significantly to poverty reduction or development. As an example, it describes the adoption of the concept by the World Bank and provides a case study of rural community organization in Ecuador.

  9. Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ): development and preliminary psychometric evidence of an ICF-based questionnaire for vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Monika E; Escorpizo, Reuben; Bostan, Cristina; De Bie, Rob

    2014-09-01

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) has proven to be a valuable framework for vocational rehabilitation (VR). No reliable and valid ICF-based instruments to capture work functioning is known, hence, the aims of this study were: (1) to outline the process for developing an ICF-based questionnaire, the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) to assess functioning in VR and (2) to report preliminary psychometric evidence. ICF categories were selected from the ICF Core Sets for VR using explorative Rasch-analysis and VR literature review. Questions were worded to assess identified ICF categories. WORQ was translated from English to German. Psychometrics for the German version of WORQ was examined in one VR centre in Switzerland. 44 ICF categories were selected which resulted in 36 questions related to functioning. The psychometric evaluation of WORQ showed high test-retest reliability (Spearman correlation 0.79) (n = 53) and good internal consistency (Cronbachs Alpha 0.88) (n = 74) WORQ showed moderate correlation with Beck Depression Inventory II (Spearman correlation 0.511) and low correlation (Spearman correlation -0.353) with SF-36. WORQ appears to be a reliable, ICF-based questionnaire to evaluate functioning in VR, easy to administer by health or vocational professionals. The additional information gained when using WORQ would contribute to improving interdisciplinary understanding of the patient's situation and therefore support the integrative planning of the return-to-work process or engagement in gainful employment. However, further studies are needed to further examine its use in clinical practice and research, when validated in other patient populations and settings.

  10. DISCUSSION: SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT IN THE NEW DEVELOPMENT STAGE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Social Construction Is the Construction of the Social Modernization Abstract: At present, the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics has developed from the trinity of economy, politics, and culture building to the new unity includin

  11. University social responsibility and sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana R. Casanova

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available University Social Responsibility (USR includes among its major axis to gua-rantee the social responsibility of science due to: the recognition of the uni-versity as a strategic place to establish it and promote it, the evidence does not control power of techno-science, the need to submit scientific activity to moral and social control and responsibility of the university in citizen over-sight of science. The aim of this study, conducted with students from the fourth year of the three major of the Faculty of Biology, was to determinethe knowledge and judgment they have on the social responsibility of the scientist and identify the elements necessary for the future design of a stra-tegy improvement in this important area. The method used was the debate in plenary of six questions that previously were discussed in small groups and the establishment of categories for the analysis of the content of them. The results of the analysis of the different questions showed no appreciable diffe-rences between groups. In conclusion we have assessed that the interest shown by students and the basic knowledge they possess, demonstrated the feasibility of continuing to work on these issues and other related, so that we can achieve true comprehensive training curriculum which embeds the con-tents of the values develop and consolidate.

  12. Development Trend and Existing Problems of the Vocational Rehabilitation Treatment Technology%高职高专康复治疗技术专业发展趋势及存在问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠磊; 韩永达

    2013-01-01

      随着社会经济水平和科学技术的大幅度提升,患者对康复的要求也越来越高,康复凸显了在医疗方面的地位。康复人才的培养越来越受到重视,高职高专康复治疗技术发展迅猛,但也存在一些问题。本文将浅谈高职高专康复治疗技术专业的发展趋势及存在问题。%With a greatly improved level of social economy and science technology, patients of rehabilitation requirements are in-creasingly high, rehabilitation technology is also increasingly prominent position in the medical profession. More and more attention on rehabilitation training of talents, higher vocational rehabilitation treatment technology is developing rapidly, but there are also some problems. In this paper, we will talk about the discussion of development trend and existing problems of the vocational rehabil-itation treatment technology.

  13. Ergonomic analysis of work activity for the purpose of developing training programs: the contribution of ergonomics to vocational didactics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouellet, Sylvie

    2012-01-01

    Questions related to job skills and the teaching situations that best promote skill development are investigated by specialists in various fields, notably among them, ergonomists. This paper presents the findings of an ergonomic intervention study whose aim was to develop a meat-deboning training program by taking into account both the training content to be constructed and the working conditions that might facilitate or hinder skill development. One-on-one interviews and group discussions, on-the-job and videotape playback observations, as well as self-confrontation interviews were carried out. Activity analysis revealed major variability in work methods. The reasoning behind the experienced workers' actions and the experiential job knowledge they had developed were brought to light and served to develop the training content. The determining factors in the choice of work methods were identified, allowing adjustments to be made to the working conditions that might hinder skill development. The ergonomic process that implied taking working conditions into account in our study may make a significant contribution to vocational didactics, which is based on the cognitive analysis of work for the purpose of improving the effectiveness of job-skills training.

  14. Workplace Learning Vocational Education Curriculum Development and Environmental Conditions%工作场所学习职教课程实施的环境条件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光跃; 张萌

    2012-01-01

    基于工作场所学习的职教课程是目前国内多数职业院校采用的一种新的职教课程开发模式,它彻底改变了学科体系的课程结构观,建立起与职业岗位体系相适应的课程体系。但是这种新的课程理念推广应用的效果并不如人意,其主要原因是忽视了这种职教课程的实施环境。因此,有必要对工作场所学习职教课程的结构观,工作场所学习职教课程开发的关键要素以及在本土化实施的边界条件——环境要求进行讨论。%As a new kind of vocational education curriculum development mode,the vocational education courses based on workplace task learning are using by most vocational colleges,which thoroughly changed the discipline system of course structure view and set up curriculum system suitable for the working position.But the new curriculum concept of popularization and application effect is not satisfactory,The main reason is to overlook the vocational education course of implementation of the environment.This article discusses the idea of the high vocational education workplace learning curriculum system,the key factor of development of the workplace learning curriculum and the requires of its boundary condition-environmental requirements.

  15. Development of Procedures for Assessing the Impact of Vocational Education Research and Development on Vocational Education (Project IMPACT). Volume 4--A Case Study of Illinois Projects in Horticulture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Colin; Ethridge, James

    As part of Project IMPACT's efforts to identify and develop procedures for complying with the impact requirements of Public Law 94-482, a case study was made of Illinois Projects in Horticulture. Fourteen horticulture projects in high schools and junior colleges were discovered through a previous study, personal interviews with two University of…

  16. Comparison of social support, coping style and life satisfaction between higher vocational and undergraduate college students%高职与本科学生社会支持应对方式生活满意度比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红; 孟秀红

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高职与本科院校学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度的差异,为探讨学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度之间的关系提供参考依据.方法 使用领悟社会支持量表、特质应对方式问卷和多维学生生活满意度量表,对随机抽取的阜阳市高职、“2+3”五年制高职和本科院校各500名学生进行问卷调查.结果 高职学生和本科学生的社会支持和积极应对得分高于“2+3”五年制高职学生,本科学生的消极应对方式得分高于高职和“2+3”五年制高职学生,高职学生的生活满意度得分高于“2+3”五年制高职和本科学生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).社会支持和积极应对方式与生活满意度存在显著正相关;消极应对方式与生活满意度呈负相关;积极应对方式与社会支持呈正相关,而消极应对方式与社会支持呈负相关.结论 高职与本科院校学生生活满意度存在差异,良好的社会支持和积极的应对方式有助于提升学生的生活满意度.%Objective To investigate whether differences exist in social support, coping style and life satisfaction among the students in different colleges, and to explore the relationships between social support, coping style and life satisfaction. Methods Five hundred students of each college ( Higher vocational, Five-year Higher vocational and undergraduate college) were randomly obtained by means of Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS) , Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) and Multidimensional Student' Life Satisfaction scale ( MSLSS). Results The social support and positive coping style of higher vocational and undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of five-year higher vocational college students. The negative coping style of undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of higher vocational and five-year higher vocational college students. The life

  17. DEVELOPING A TEACHING FACTORY LEARNING MODEL TO IMPROVE PRODUCTION COMPETENCIES AMONG MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STUDENTS IN A VOCATIONAL SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadang Hidayat Martawijaya

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a learning model that can provide vocational senior high school students with an authentic industrial working experience in the manufacturing and production sector in the very same school that they are enrolled.  An appropriate in-school industrial experience is expected to improve students’ competences and skills. A four stage research and development method was used, involving preliminary study, development, testing and model validation. The study uses both qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques to produce a six steps teaching factory learning model (TF-6M Model. Data was gathered from teachers (n= 8 of a school in Indonesia and students of class XI (n=132 who formed the experimental and the control groups in the model validation stage, and student of class XII for the preliminary study (n=35 and development test (n=98. The focus group discussion (FGD reveals that the production teacher believes that the TF-6M model can be used to improve students’ competences. Data from students shows that TF-6M Model increases students’ competences, is preferred by students, increases their time spent at work, and improves their soft and hard skills, motivation, sense of responsibility and work ethics.

  18. Study on the Relationship among Social Anxiety, Social Avoidance, Distress and Mental Health of the Secondary Vocational School Students%中职生社交焦虑、社交回避、苦恼与心理健康关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄吉彪; 汤珺; 赵建新

    2015-01-01

    采用随机抽样法对云南省昆明市和大理市的3所中等职业学校994名在校中职生社交焦虑、社交回避、苦恼与心理健康状况进行调查.结果发现:中职生社交焦虑处于中等偏上水平,社交回避与苦恼处于中等水平;中职生心理健康各项目阳性检出率高;社交焦虑、社交回避、苦恼与心理健康状况分数呈现显著相关性;中职生社交焦虑、社交回避与苦恼对其心理健康有显著预测作用.%Random sampling method was used in the survey of the social anxiety, social avoidance, distress and mental health of 994 secondary vocational school students in three secondary vocational schools in Kunming and Dali in Yunnan Province. The results show that:the secondary vocational school students' social anxiety level is above average, social avoidance and distress are at medium level;vocational school students' mental health has rather high positive testing rate; the scores of social anxiety, avoidance, distress and mental health condition show a clear correlation among each other; secondary vocational school students' social anxiety, social avoidance and distress can do great help in predicting their mental health .

  19. 我国高职教育内涵式发展研究综述%Review of Connotative Development for Higher Vocational Education in Our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周霞霞; 王资

    2016-01-01

    在文献分析的基础上,从了解高等职业教育内涵式发展的概念入手,通过大量的文献研究和比较,评述了高等职业教育内涵式发展研究的现状、主要内容以及未来发展趋势。%Based on the literature analysis, this thesis started from learning the concept of the connotative development of higher vocational education. Through massive literature research and comparison, the thesis remarked the current situations, main contents and future development tendency of higher vocational education connotative development researches.

  20. 从“三维度”浅议高职学生可持续发展能力的培养%On Developing Vocational College Students' Sustainable Development Capacity from "Three Degrees"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈倩

    2016-01-01

    高职院校培养的是生产服务一线的高技能人才,高职学生的可持续发展能力是衡量其是否具有职业竞争力的重要指标,要想在竞争日趋激烈的社会立足,高职学生可持续发展能力的培养势在必行。本文结合高职学生的可持续发展能力,分析了目前在高职学生可持续发展能力培养上存在的问题,从“三维度”的角度对高职学生可持续发展能力的培养提出了要求,即要丰富文化素质、夯实专业知识水平和树立终身学习观念。%Vocational Colleges develop highly skilled personnel serving production line, capacity for sustainable development of vocational students is a measure of whether an important indicator of having professional competence, in order in an incre-asingly competitive society based, sustainable vocational students Training capacity development imperative. Combined with the capacity for sustainable development of vocational students, analysis of the current capacity-building for sustainable de-velopment in the problems of higher vocational students, from the"three dimensions"perspective on the culture of sustainable development of vocational students proposed requirement that to enrich the cultural quality, consolidate the level of expertise and establish the concept of lifelong learning.

  1. “有效环境”下高职学生英语交际能力培养的研究%On Development of Vocational College Students’ Communicative Ability under Effective Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛佳吟

    2014-01-01

    在调查和分析非英语专业高职学生英语口语学习中存在问题的基础上,尝试引入“有效环境”理念,有针对性地从“课堂设计,课外训练,自信心培养”3方面进行教学改革,着力提升学生的口语交际能力,帮助学生提升就业竞争力和适应力,使高职院校培养的人才更加符合经济社会发展需要。%On the basis of investigating and analyzing problems in oral English study of non-English majors in vocational colleges, this paper tries to introduce the concept of“effective environment”which aims to carry out teaching reform in classroom design, extracurricular training and confidence enhancement, to improve students’ oral communicative ability and to help students promote students’ competitiveness and adaptability so that the talents cultivated in vocational colleges will better in line with the demands of economic and social development.

  2. New Blended Learning Strategy Based on Flipped-Learning for Vocational Work-Linked Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Hajji, Mohamed; El Bouzaidi, Rachid Drissi; Douzi, Hassan; Khouya, El Hassane

    2016-01-01

    In a changing Moroccan educational landscape, Addressing teaching development needs is becoming a major issue in vocational work-linked Training. In this context, this paper present a new blended learning strategy based on the flipped classroom, using a social learning platform as support. Through this strategy, we increased the time dedicated to…

  3. Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poor, Charles R.

    1975-01-01

    Reviews historical development of organized vocational rehabilitation programming for the spinal cord injured in the United States. Significant factors that affect vocational rehabilitation outcomes with spinal cord injured persons are listed and discussed. (Author)

  4. Social isolation and brain development in the ant Camponotus floridanus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seid, Marc A.; Junge, Erich

    2016-06-01

    Social interactions play a key role in the healthy development of social animals and are most pronounced in species with complex social networks. When developing offspring do not receive proper social interaction, they show developmental impairments. This effect is well documented in mammalian species but controversial in social insects. It has been hypothesized that the enlargement of the mushroom bodies, responsible for learning and memory, observed in social insects is needed for maintaining the large social networks and/or task allocation. This study examines the impact of social isolation on the development of mushroom bodies of the ant Camponotus floridanus. Ants raised in isolation were shown to exhibit impairment in the growth of the mushroom bodies as well as behavioral differences when compared to ants raised in social groups. These results indicate that social interaction is necessary for the proper development of C. floridanus mushroom bodies.

  5. Peru: The Social Welfare and Rural Development Programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figallo, Flavio

    1994-01-01

    In Peru, the Social Compensation Fund uses various strategies for fighting rural poverty: linking social investment to other development strategies, considering poverty indicators in determining project priorities, developing a productive infrastructure, and involving local institutions in solutions. (SK)

  6. Professional Development of Vocational Teachers in Theory and Practice%职教教师专业发展:理论与实务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢艺泉

    2015-01-01

    The supporting theory of vocational edu cation teachers' professional development consists of three kinds of learning theories:adult learning theory, lifelong learning theory and experiential learning theo-ry. The professional development of vocational education teachers is the practical requirements of the knowl-edge economy society and current situation of teaching staff. Its implementation is composed of eight kinds of professional abilities.%职教教师专业发展的支撑理论由三种学习理论构成,即成人学习理论、终身学习理论和体验学习理论.职教教师专业发展是知识经济社会和职业教育师资队伍现状对职教教师提出的现实要求,其实现由八个方面的专业能力构成.

  7. Thinking on Development Model of Teaching Material Management in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校教材管理的发展模式思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊润慧

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyzes the present situation of the development model of teaching material management in higher vocational colleges and the requirements of the development of higher vocational education to teaching material management, and puts forward the proposal, to change past simple supply type into comprehensive management type and serve for the scientific research and school teaching.%分析了目前高职院校教材管理模式的现状和高职教育发展对教材管理的要求,提出了对高职院校教材管理模式的建议,要改变以往的单纯供应型为综合管理型,为学校的科研,教学服务.

  8. Formation and development of social systems

    OpenAIRE

    Kaluzhsky, Mikhail

    2006-01-01

    An article about the dialectical laws of the genesis of social organization and social systems. The author suggests using a new classification of social relations for the methodological study of the evolution of social systems. The work is based on the methodology of general systems theory and the theory of I.R. Prigogine.

  9. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  10. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  11. Relationship marketing and disadvantaged health care segments: using internal marketing to improve the vocational rehabilitation process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peltier, James W; Scovotti, Carol

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of vocational rehabilitation (VR) is to provide disabled individuals with the training and support services needed to assimilate into the workforce. This study incorporates concepts developed in the relationship marketing and internal marketing literature to determine the factors that influence overall satisfaction of vocational training services. Results underscore the importance of social and structural bonds that develop among the multiple stakeholders involved in the VR process. Satisfaction is also influenced by the design and equipment used in the facilities and the efficiency of initiating VR services. A highly reliable instrument to measure VR participant satisfaction is presented.

  12. Postnatal Testosterone Concentrations and Male Social Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerianne M Alexander

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Converging evidence from over 40 years of behavioral research indicates that higher testicular androgens in prenatal life and at puberty contribute to the masculinization of human behavior. However, the behavioral significance of the transient activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG axis in early postnatal life remains largely unknown. Although early research on nonhuman primates indicated suppression of the postnatal surge in testicular androgens had no measurable effects on the later expression of the male behavioral phenotype, recent research from our laboratory suggests that postnatal testosterone concentrations influence male infant preferences for larger social groups and temperament characteristics associated with the later development of aggression. In later assessment of gender-linked behavior in the second year of life, concentrations of testosterone at 3-4 months of age were unrelated to toy choices and activity levels during toy play. However, higher concentrations of testosterone predicted less vocalization in toddlers and higher parental ratings on an established screening measure for autism spectrum disorder. These findings suggest a role of the transient activation of the HPG axis in the development of typical and atypical male social relations and suggest that it may be useful in future research on the exaggerated rise in testosterone secretion in preterm infants or exposure to hormone disruptors in early postnatal life to include assessment of gender-relevant behavioral outcomes, including childhood disorders with sex-biased prevalence rates.

  13. School-to-Work Transitional Outcomes of a Group of Italian School Dropouts: Challenges for Promoting Social Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sappa, Viviana; Bonica, Laura

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to deal with the role of vocational training in developing social inclusion by analyzing the school-to-work transitional outcomes of early school leavers whose successful experience in vocational training was documented in previous works. Design/methodology/approach: The sample comprises 126 males who enrolled in and…

  14. A study on relationship between social capital and sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabnam Fotovvat

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the relationship between social capital components, social trust, social cohesion, social participation and social security, and sustainable development in city of Salmas, Iran. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale, distributes it among 384 randomly selected people who live in this city. Cronbach alpha has been calculated as 0.92, which is well above the minimum acceptable level. Using regression technique, the study has determined a positive and meaningful relationship between three components of social capital and sustainable development including social cohesion, social participation and social security. However, the study does not confirm the relationship between social trust and sustainable development.

  15. TV and Teens: Television In Adolescent Social Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luker, Richard; Johnston, Jerome

    1988-01-01

    Presents television as an instrument through which adolescents can gain social experience and strengthen social development. Examines the link between watching television and social relationships, discussing how television viewing can provide "blueprints" for behavior in social situations. Lists four steps for using television as a learning tool.…

  16. Figthing Social Exclusion: Between Economic Development and Social Wellbeing

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    Social exclusion is the product of the interaction of a wide range of socio-economic, cultural and institutional problems. In order to be successful, these programs should aim to combine - in the real contexts in which they operate - interventions for economic growth that increase the opportunities for the excluded to benefit from them. This paper describes what social exclusion is, the factors causing it and the effects these have on excluded groups as a whole (economic, cultural, political)...

  17. 高职教师专业发展面临的问题与思考%Problem and thinking about higher vocational teachers'professional development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄越

    2014-01-01

    教师专业发展已成为影响教学质量的重要因素,在当前教育改革中占据重要地位。本文介绍了国内外学者对教师专业化及教师专业发展概念的解释,阐述我国高等职业教育本质、特征和对全面提高高等职业教育质量的重视与迫切性,指出当前高职教师在职前教育及职后专业发展所面临的问题,并提出对问题的思考。%Teacher professional development had occupied an important position in the current education re-form,and had become main factor of the teaching quality.Teacher specialization and teacher professional development which defined by international and domestic academics was introduced.The essence of higher vocational education,and the value and urgency to improve the quality of higher vocational education,was elaborated in this paper.Also the problems of the higher vocational teacher pre-service and post-service professional development was pointed out.At the same time ,the thinking about this questions was raised.

  18. Role Modeling and Role Playing: A Manual for Vocational Development and Employment Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertcher, Harvey; And Others

    This project investigated two major areas: (1) ways in which social science research and employment agency experience could be melded so as to make practical knowledge available to these agencies, and (2) ways of convincing employment agencies to use this knowledge. The manual resulting from the investigation focuses on role modeling and role…

  19. Development and validation of the social emotional competence questionnaire (SECQ)

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Mingming; Ee, Jessie

    2012-01-01

    Reliable and valid measures of children’s and adolescents’ social emotional competence (SEC) are necessary to develop in order to assess their social emotional development and provide appropriate intervention in child and adolescent development. A pool of 25 items was created for the Social Emotional Competence Questionnaire (SECQ) that represented five dimensions of SEC: self-awareness, social awareness, self-management, relationship management and responsible decision-maki...

  20. Development and Validation of the Social Emotional Competence Questionnaire (SECQ)

    OpenAIRE

    Mingming Zhou; Jessie Ee

    2012-01-01

    Reliable and valid measures of children's and adolescents' social emotional competence (SEC) are necessary to develop in order to assess their social emotional development and provide appropriate intervention in child and adolescent development. A pool of 25 items was created for the Social Emotional Competence Questionnaire (SECQ) that represented five dimensions of SEC: self-awareness, social awareness, self-management, relationship management and responsible decision-making. A series of fo...

  1. 高职任务驱动教材开发研究%On the Development of Task-driven Textbooks in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙颖

    2015-01-01

    本文旨在研究高职任务驱动型教材的具体模式,及教材内容的可读性和教材的可用性。对目前市面上任务驱动教材编写模式进行改进,研究出更适合现代高职学生特点的教材。%This paper aims to study vocational specific task-driven teaching mode, and the availability of teaching materials readability and content. Currently on the market for task-driven teaching mode, it improves the writing and develops more suitable modern teaching characteristics for vocational students.

  2. 高职英语技能培养的研究与实践%Research and Practice of Vocational English Skills Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尚姣

    2012-01-01

    高职英语技能培养的研究与实践是一个教学改革实验,目的是要在高职进行一系列的教学模式、评价体系以及课堂教学方法的改革.经过一段时间的实践后,最终要达到培养高职学生英语技能,即听、说、读、写、译的目的。%Vocational English skills development research and practice is a teaching reform experiment, aim to made teaching mode in higher vocational evaluation system, and the reform of classroom teaching methods. After a period of practice, and ulfmately to achieve cultivate the students' English language skills - listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation purposes.

  3. An assessment of partnerships between technical vocational education and training and its stakeholders in the development of Ethiopian SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Killian MUNZWA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the Ethiopian Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET in terms of policy, strategies, curriculum, implementation, practice and challenges faced on the ground by both the TVET program and the nation in meeting the skills needs of industry and human capital development in general as enunciated in the goals of ESDP III, (Ministry of Education, 2005. In doing this the paper reviews the skills needs of industry against the capacity of the institutions of higher education’s capacity to meet these needs. It is in this context that the appropriateness of the curriculum and its implementation in respect of the TVET goals is scrutinized (Ministry of Education, 2008. Furthermore, government policies and strategies in the identification and selection of appropriate candidates for the TVET program and the incorporation of stakeholders are examined. In this assessment issues of collaboration by stakeholders in the provision of training resources and facilities are assessed, especially financing and human resource requirements in respect of staffing levels and requisite technical skills and supportive equipment and other resources. Policies and organizational structures in the identification, mobilization and distribution of such resources are also examined. To this end any opportunities that may exist for the retention and further training of the TVET graduates already employed by the industry are also reviewed. An important aspect of this evaluation is to identify and understand the kind of relationships and partnerships that exist between the TVET colleges, and government. Similarly an assessment is done concerning curriculum implementation, practice and delivery.

  4. Problems and social policy priorities sustainable development of rural territories (on the Republic Komi example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaliy Nikolaevich Lazhentsev

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the concept of term «sustainable development» of rural areas. Social problems of rural development of the republic of Komi are identified. An intra-rural typology creation is performed. An increasing differentiation in the development of rural areas is concluded. Rural settlements in the republic are characterized by low population density and a rare network of settlements. Low level and quality of rural life (low rural incomes, poor living conditions and high unemployment and better living conditions in urban areas adversely affect migration processes of the village. Characteristic features of modern rural labour market are: inconsistency of supply and demand of labour in vocational and qualification angle, seasonality of production and temporary nature of the proposed work, low wages, low competitiveness of the youth labour market, high level of registered unemployment and even higher — of unregistered. Analytical material allowed the authors to determine the direction of social policy for sustainable development of rural areas according to the conditions of the North.

  5. Social Pedagogy in North America: historical background and current developments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Schugurensky

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In North America, the use of the term ‘social pedagogy’ is a relatively new phenomenon, but social pedagogical practices have been used for a long time. The recent interest in the field of social pedagogy can be explained in part by the publication of an unprecedented volume of books and articles in English language, the creation of a new international journal, the simultaneous development of graduate programs in social pedagogy in the UK and the USA, and the establishment of a social pedagogy association that brings together academics and practitioners. In North America, social pedagogy thinking is influenced by the history of the field, by current social pedagogy theory and practice in other parts of the world, and by several traditions that connect education with social change. The paper discusses ten of them: indigenous education, progressive education, social movement learning, community development, public pedagogy, popular education, participatory action research, social economy, participatory democracy, and critical theory. 

  6. 高职院校发展路径选择探究%On Developing Paths of Higher Vocational Colleges ~,Based on Marketing Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艺瀛

    2011-01-01

    随着高等教育市场化进程的不断推进,市场竞争机制引入教育产业内部,高职院校的发展也应该遵循市场规律,积极推行市场营销战略。本文拟运用市场营销理论分析新时期高职院校发展的路径选择问题,通过对当前宏微观营销环境的分析.适当适时引入营销策略,从而促进高职院校的特色化健康发展。%With the marketization of higher education and market competition mechanism being introduced into education industry, higher vocational colleges should follow market law and implement marketing strategy. This paper, by using marketing theory, aims to analyze the developing paths of higher vocational colleges, pointing out that marketing strategy should be introduced to promote the healthy development of higher vocational colleges.

  7. To Realize Sustainable Development of Higher Vocational College Library through Characteristics%高职院校图书馆以特色实现可持续发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧妙华

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of higher vocational college library, popularization of library service is more and more cannot satisfy the need of teaching and learning between teachers and students in higher vocational colleges. Higher vocational college library only close connection with their own reality, accurately grasp the characteristics of higher vocational education, strive to build specialty collections, and actively carry out special services, vigorously develop characteristic talents, go the way of higher vocational characteristic of library development, then they will keep pace with the requirements of the times, meet the needs of the development of higher vocational education.%随着高职院校图书馆的快速发展,大众化的藏书服务越来越不能满足高职院校师生教学和学习的需要,高职院校图书馆只有紧密结合自身实际,准确把握高职教育特点,努力建设特色馆藏,积极开展特色服务,大力培养特色人才,走高职特色的图书馆发展之路,才能跟上时代的要求,适应高等职业教育发展的需要。

  8. Potential Problems in Collectivization Development of Vocational Education of Corps and Countermeasures%兵团职业教育集团化发展可能出现的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯瑞丽; 邵静; 杨学志

    2012-01-01

    Collectivization of vocational education is the important way to break through single education system, improve the overall level and quality of vocational education. In China, the higher vocational education group began to emerge and grow up rapidly since 1990s, but for the development of vocational development of corps, it is still in the stage of exploration. The article analyzed the potential problems in collectivization development of vocational education of corps, and tentatively put forward the countermeasures to provide certain reference for sustained and stable development of collectivization of vocational education of corps.%职业教育集团化是突破单一教育办学体制、提高职业教育整体水平和质量的重要途径.在我国,高职教育集团从上世纪90年代开始出现并迅速成长起来,但兵团职业教育集团的发展尚在探索阶段.本文通过对兵团职业教育集团发展可能出现的问题进行分析,试探性地提出解决的对策,为兵团高职教育集团的持续稳定发展提供一定的参考.

  9. Explore and Practice to Enhance Vocational Teachers' Social Service Capabilities%提升高职教师社会服务能力的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柏青; 解振宇; 王建东

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了黑龙江农业工程职业学院汽车专业与黑龙江省汽车维修检测行业协会、汽车服务企业开展深层次合作,根据地域特点、发挥自身优势,通过系列项目的实施来提升教学团队社会服务能力。文中介绍了近年来的具体做法及取得的一些成效,期望对同类院校在团队建设上有所借鉴。%This article describes the automotive professional Heilongjiang Agricultural Engineering Vocational College Heilongjiang Province vehicle maintenance inspection industry associations,automotive service enterprises to develop deep cooperation,according to the geographical features,play to their advantage through the implementation of a series of projects to improve social service capacity of the teaching team.This paper introduces a specific approach in recent years and achieved some success,expectations of a reference for similar institutions in team building.

  10. Measuring Social Capital Accumulation in Rural Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teilmann, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    Using a theoretical framework, the study proposes an index that can measure the social capital of local action group (LAG) projects. The index is founded on four indicators: number of ties, bridging social capital, recognition, and diversity, which are aggregated into one social capital index. The index has been tested in LAG-Djursland, Denmark,…

  11. Measuring Social Capital Accumulation in Rural Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teilmann, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    Using a theoretical framework, the study proposes an index that can measure the social capital of local action group (LAG) projects. The index is founded on four indicators: number of ties, bridging social capital, recognition, and diversity, which are aggregated into one social capital index. The index has been tested in LAG-Djursland, Denmark,…

  12. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ec. drd. Oana Ghica

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR and Sustainable Development (SD are among the most important concepts applied and/or promoted by companies through specific programmes. Whether they are part of the company\\'s PR strategy or an element of the company\\'s operational system, CSR and SD programmes are becoming a constant part of corporate actions. Considered by some analysts as controversial concepts, studies regarding CSR and SD have increased especially over the last two decades and actions related to them have become both shield and weapon for companies, organizations and governments, depending on the pwpose they are used for.The following article makes a short presentation of the CSR and SD concepts, the relationship between them and benefits they generate, and ends with the case study of the eKOsystem programme launched by Hie Coca-Cola Company - a relevant example of programmes designed to promote and apply both CSR and SD concepts.

  13. The Role of Women in Social Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    WOMEN, a powerful force accounting for some 50 percent of world’s total population, are deeply involved in social development and are actively joining their male counterparts in promoting the progress of mankind. Nonetheless, people seem to be paying increasingly less attention to the aforementioned facts. Therefore, the following question is meant to call people’s attention to the matter. What would happen if women withdraw from economic, political, cultural and family activities? In terms of the economy, it would mean that about one billion people would go on strike due to the fact that some 897 million women across the world are engaged in paid economic activities. The worldwide grain output

  14. A Theory-Ridden, Computerless, Impersonal Vocational Guidance System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    Beginning with a brief summary of the need for practical vocational guidance systems, the author explains his Self Directed Search for Educational and Vocational Planning (SDS), which was developed to provide a cheap, practical, vocational guidance system having a high degree of scientific validty and client effectiveness. The SDS is a…

  15. Institutionalization of Higher Vocational Education in China: A Neoinstitutionalist Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Jie

    2013-01-01

    From the perspective of neoinstitutionalism, higher vocational education has become an emerging institution in Chinese society. Its development over three decades entails a trend of institutionalization of higher vocational education. In such a process, higher vocational education is gaining legitimacy and experiencing isomorphic changes. Various…

  16. History of Adult Vocational Education in New Brunswick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton (Canada).

    This paper traces the development of adult vocational education in New Brunswick from its beginning in 1918 to the present. Highlights summarize the adult vocational history before confederation and to World War I, when the first Vocational Education Act was passed in 1918. The paper then summarizes the events of World War I and the Depression…

  17. Vocational Profiles and Internship Quality among Portuguese VET Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamboa, Vitor; Paixão, Maria Paula; de Jesus, Saúl Neves

    2014-01-01

    The provision of workplace-based experiences (internships) is an important component of the training program for students attending vocational education courses. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between internship quality and students vocational development, considering students' vocational profiles, in a sample of 346…

  18. Professional Identities of Vocational High School Students and Extracurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, Bilge Aslan; Altintas, Havva Ozge

    2017-01-01

    Vocational high schools are one of the controversial topics, and also the hardly touched fields in educational field. Students' profiles of vocational schools, their visions, and professional identity developments are not frequently reflected in the literature. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to research whether vocational high school…

  19. The development of a conceptual framework of social media literacy

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Social media have become increasingly popular because of the combination of both technological developments and social change. However, there are manifest differences in the ways people use social media as well as in the level of their competence. Differences in the skills to master technology and in the use of social media may result in new types of digital inequality. In order to overcome these inequalities, an extensive body of initiatives must deal with enhancing people’s level of social...

  20. Country Social Analysis : Ethnicity and Development in Vietnam - Main Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    This report " Country Social Analysis (CSA) " focused on ethnicity and development in Vietnam is a provocative analysis of marginality in contemporary Southeast Asia. It seeks to understand the macro social and political processes, and provides an analysis of how social, political, and cultural factors influence the opportunities and constraints to more equitable, inclusive development. Th...

  1. Country Social Analysis : Ethnicity and Development in Vietnam - Summary report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    This report " Country Social Analysis (CSA) " focused on ethnicity and development in Vietnam is a provocative analysis of marginality in contemporary Southeast Asia. It seeks to understand the macro social and political processes, and provides an analysis of how social, political, and cultural factors influence the opportunities and constraints to more equitable, inclusive development. Th...

  2. Connections between Temperament and Social Development: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanson, Ann; Hemphill, Sheryl A.; Smart, Diana

    2004-01-01

    This paper critically reviews the literature on the links between temperament and social development in children and adolescents. Social development is broadly defined to include externalizing and internalizing behaviour problems, prosocial behaviour and social competence. It concludes that there are clear links between specific dimensions of…

  3. Research on the professional development of young teachers in higher vocational colleges under the background of integrating vocational education with industry enterprise%“产教融合”背景下高职院校青年教师专业发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国成

    2016-01-01

    青年教师队伍建设是高职院校可持续发展的重要保证,通过对高职院校教师专业发展的独特性和当前对高职院校青年教师专业发展的现状分析,提出了“产教融合”背景下高职院校青年教师专业发展途径。%Young teachers are the promise for the sustainable development of Higher Vocational Colleges.This research shows some significant features on the teacher professional development in vocational colleges and gives an acute analysis of the current professional development of young faculty in higher vocational colleges.It provides several reference points on the young teachers professional development for higher vocational colleges under the background of integrating vocational education with in-dustry enterprise.

  4. 高职院校在全民创新中的社会责任及其实现%Social responsibilities and their realization of higher vocational schools in national innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张嘉楠

    2016-01-01

    This paper concerns with the educational innovation of vocational education 'school-based training and social service .Through literature analysis and case study , this paper clarifies the social responsibilities of higher vocational schools and ways to achieve them under the background of mass entrepreneurship and innovation .Research shows that the social responsibilities of higher vocational schools lie in the following aspects: Firstly, they produce high-quality talents with innovative spirit , practical courage and technical abilities for the society .Secondly , through use of technological and training advantages of higher vocational schools 'talents, innovation and entrepreneurship incubators radiate to the benefit of people in a broader scale .Social responsibilities can be realized in the following ways:constructing the innovation and entrepreneurship education system with five interlinked aspects , trying the innovation and entrepreneurship guidance service system with four integrated modernizations , innovating and modifying key variables in educational activities , realizing the interconnected combination of innovation and entrepreneurship education with professional general education , which will promote vocational education to better serve local economic society .%以高职教育校本培养和服务社会两方面的教育创新为切入口,通过文献分析和案例研究,厘清在“大众创业,万众创新”的大背景下,高职院校的社会责任及其实现途径。研究认为,高职院校的社会责任在于:一是为社会培养富有创新精神、勇于投身实践的创新创业人才和高素质的应用型技能人才;二是通过发挥高职院校的人才技术优势和培训优势,孵化辐射创新创业,以点带面造福于民。社会责任的实现途径在于:构建“五环相扣”的创新创业教育体系,尝试“四化融通”的创新创业指导服务体系,对教育活动中的关键变

  5. How would Vocational Education Lead Contemporary Vocational Education%高职教育如何引领现代职业教育体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宪洲; 佘菖弘

    2012-01-01

    高等职业教育在现代职业教育体系中具有特殊的地位,高职教育的发展动向影响整个职业教育的全局,在现代职业教育体系的办学理念、人才培养模式、社会服务、职业教育科学研究、合作办学诸方面发挥着引领作用。%Vocational education has unique position in the modem vocational education whose developing orientation affect the entire tendency of vocational education and execute system, leading role in schooling concept, talent nourishing mode, social service, educational science research and corporative schooling.

  6. Social software in global software development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    Social software (SoSo) is defined by Farkas as tools that (1) allow people to communicate, collaborate, and build community online (2) can be syndicated, shared, reused or remixed and (3) let people learn easily from and capitalize on the behavior and knowledge of others. [1]. SoSo include a wide...... variety of tools such as: instant messaging, internet forums, mailing lists, blogs, wikis, social network sites, social bookmarking, social libraries, virtual worlds. Though normally rather belonging to the private realm, the use of social software in corporate context has been reported, e.g. as a way...

  7. Social software in global software development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2010-01-01

    Social software (SoSo) is defined by Farkas as tools that (1) allow people to communicate, collaborate, and build community online (2) can be syndicated, shared, reused or remixed and (3) let people learn easily from and capitalize on the behavior and knowledge of others. [1]. SoSo include a wide...... variety of tools such as: instant messaging, internet forums, mailing lists, blogs, wikis, social network sites, social bookmarking, social libraries, virtual worlds. Though normally rather belonging to the private realm, the use of social software in corporate context has been reported, e.g. as a way...

  8. The Cultivation of Vocational Abilities Should be Strengthened in Higher Vocational English Teaching%高职英语教学应突出职业能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕翠玲

    2015-01-01

    The substance of higher vocational education is to cultivate more professional technical personnel to meet social position requirements and national development strategy. As the significant content of entire higher vocational education, higher vocational English teaching not only relates to students' vocational ability and career prospects, but also the competition of comprehensive national power in the future. Therefore, the cultivation of vocational ability in higher vocational English teaching is the difficulty and key point in reforming educational system. Combining the current situation of vocational ability cultivation in higher vocational English teaching, it proposed the effective approaches of how to cultivate students' vocational ability so as to provide educators with reference and communication.%高职教育的主旨是为社会培养更多的专业性技术人才,与社会岗位需求和国家发展战略遥相呼应。高职英语教学作为整个高职教学的重要内容,不仅关系到学生以后的职业能力和就业前景,还和未来国家综合国力的竞争有着密切的关系。因此,重视高职英语教学中职业能力的培养,是教育体制改革的难点和重点。结合高职英语教学中职业能力培养的现状,提出了如何培养学生职业能力的有效途径,以供广大教育工作者借鉴和交流。

  9. The Moderating Effects of Social Support on Relationship between Job Stress and Job Burnout among Teachers in Vocational Colleges%社会支持在高职院校教师工作压力与职业倦怠关系中的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许百华; 汪永光; 李玉明

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨社会支持在高职院校教师工作压力与职业倦怠关系中的作用.方法 采用问卷调查的方式对205名高职教师进行工作压力、社会支持和职业倦怠状况测评.结果 离职教师主要压力来自科研与教学要求、学校管理、学生因素、工作负荷、自身发展和职业保障等六个方面;工作压力与职业倦怠呈明显正相关,社会支持中的主观支持和支持利用度均与职业倦怠呈明显负相关,它们在工作压力与职业倦怠之间起着调节作用.结论 工作压力对高职教师职业倦怠有重要影响;压力越大,出现职业倦怠的可能性也越大,但通过增强主观支持和提高支持利用度可以缓解工作压力的负面作用.%Objective To explore the moderating effect of social support on relationship between job stress and job burnout among teachers in vocational colleges.Methods 205 teachers were surveyed in vocational colleges with the job stress questionnaire,social support questionnaire and job burnout questionnaire.Results The main sources of job stress were from the requirement of teaching and scientific research,college management system,workload,student related factors,self-development and job security among teachers in vocational colleges; the total score of job stress was significantly positive correlated with the total score of job burnout; the score of subjective support and that of availability of support were respectively negative correlated with the total score of job burnout; the effect of job stress on job burnout was moderated by subjective support and availability of support.Conclusion our findings suggest that there is a significant effect of job stress on job burnout among teachers in vocational colleges.There are more hkely to be job burnout with the greater job stress,while this effect may be buffered by the enhancing social support.

  10. Vocational and Technical Education Master's Employment-oriented Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋琳

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,as China's rapid economic development,vocational and technical education has been gradually recognized by the society.As highly educated people,vocational and technical education graduate is an important force in the development of vocational education.But in reality,their employment orientation deviate from the trend of the profession and only a small part of them do related work after graducation.Combined with the current development status of vocational education,the article analysis the reasons of this problem and give policy recommendations,so as to create a good environment for vocational and technical education talented people.

  11. 职业院校女学生体育课兴趣培养研究%Vocational College Female Students' Interest Development in Physical Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵丽霞

    2015-01-01

    体育教学是职业院校教育的重要组成部分,肩负着提高学生身体素质,促进学生心理健康发展的重任,通过体育教学研究发现,当前职业院校女学生体育课学习兴趣低,对体育教学不认可,体育锻炼参加意识较差,本文采用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法就职业院校女学生体育课兴趣的影响因素进行调查研究,指出了当前造成女学生体育课兴趣较低的原因,并针对这些影响因素提出了一些合理化建议,希望为提高职业院校女学生体育课学习兴趣提供一些参考。%Physical education is an important part of education in vocational schools, shoulder to improve student fitness, and promote the healthy development of students 'mental responsibility, through the teaching of PE found that the current low PE vocational college female students' interest in learning, teaching does not endorse sports , poor sense of participating in physical exercise, we use the literature, expert interviews, questionnaires, mathematical statistics to investigate and study the factors affecting vocational college female students 'interests in physical, pointed out the cause of female students' sports in-terests lower reasons for these factors and made some reasonable suggestions, hoping to provide some reference for impro-ving vocational colleges PE female students' interest in learning.

  12. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  13. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  14. A comparison of the pre-education expectations, perceptions developed through the experience, and motivation of the students taking vocational tourism education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeki Akıncı

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality of tourism education provided at vocational schools could be achieved through a two-way interaction between the school and the students. In order for tourism education provided at vocational schools aiming to train mid-level human resources for the tourism sector to be at desired quality, it is of paramount importance to know the levels of expectations, perceptions, and motivation of students, who are the most important elements of education. This study aimed to determine students’ pre-education expectations, perceptions developed in the education process and finally their motivation regarding the tourism education provided. Data were collected through questionnaires consist of a personal information and three scales (motivation, expectation and perception scales for tourism education. In this study, it was detected that the levels of expectations that 423 students receiving associate degree tourism education had prior to tourism education affected the levels of perceptions formed in the process and motivation positively. However, as a result of the fact that the expectations of the students who had high expectations prior to tourism education were not met during their experiences, their perceptions fell compared to the expectation and they had motivation at the rate of the perceptions formed. It was revealed that vocational schools were insufficient to meet student expectations.

  15. Social dimensions and the impact of sustainable transport and mobility on social development.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Chakwizira, J

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This chapter describes the relationship between transport, mobility and society. This is achieved by means of linking the social dimensions and impact of sustainable transport and mobility with approaches, principles and values of social development...

  16. Annual National Leadership Development Seminar for State Directors of Vocational Education (4th, Las Vegas, Nev., September 14-17, 1971). Comprehensive Personnel Development for Vocational-Technical Education. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazarian, Edward N., Ed.; Ward, Darrell, L., Ed.

    The proceedings of this seminar, attended by state directors and other leaders in vocational and technical education from 41 states, the District of Columbia, Saipan and Puerto Rico, contain presentations by 18 leaders from industry, government, and education. Specific objectives were to: (1) provide a forum for presentations concerning personnel…

  17. 职业教育发端与发展的逻辑辨析%Logical Analysis of the Emergence and Development of Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆俊杰

    2015-01-01

    There are some arguments about the emergence and development of vocational education from different logical views such as technical rationality and human rationality, instrumental rationality and value rationality, science culture and humanity culture. These arguments have significant impacts on the policy, school management concept and teaching design. It is not in accordance with the history of the development of vocational education and not in line with the fundamental interests of the students to strip out the vocational education, which is a type of education, from whole education and too much emphasize technology and tool. We must investigate vocational education from concept combining with the technical rationality and human rationality, instrumental rationality and value rationality, and adopt many measures to promote the healthy development of vocational education.%职业教育产生与发展的逻辑向来有技术理性与人文理性、工具理性与价值理性、科技文化与人文文化等不同角度的争论,其争论又对职业教育政策供给、学校管理理念、教育教学设计等产生重大影响.职业教育是教育的一种类型,因此,如果用"白马非马"的思维方式将之从培养人的大教育中剥离出来,并过于强调用技术和工具价值去审视,既不符合职业教育发展的历史实际,又不符合职业教育受教育者的根本利益.在中国现实背景下,必须用技术理性与人文理性、工具理性与价值理性相结合的方式来考量职业教育,并据此采取促进职业教育健康发展的诸多措施.

  18. 高职高专旅游专业人才创新发展探析%The Innovative Development of Higher Vocational Tourism Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    There exists the overall rapid development of Chinese tourism education in the first twelve years of the 21st century. The main body of tourism education has changed from secondary vocational education to higher education. Furthermore, higher vocational education has accounted for more than 60%of higher education. Both the demand and the supply are flourishing in higher vocational tourism education while it is relatively superfluous for undergraduate education. So, higher vocational education must conform to the above development pattern,continue to expand its scale, and enhance the connotation construction. That is, the higher vocational tourism education should promote talent –training goal, reform in major-setup, operational mechanism, school-enterprise corporation, school system, curriculum system, teachers’ training and quality evaluation, etc., enhance the sustainable development ability, and take on the responsibility to culture professional talents who are able, steady and potential for Chinese tourism.%  新世纪我国旅游高等教育整体快速发展,本科旅游教育出现相对过剩,而高职高专旅游教育已占旅游高等教育规模的60%以上,且人才培养供需两旺。基于此,高职高专旅游专业教育必须顺应这一发展格局,继续扩大办学规模,内涵建设上首先要提升人才培养的目标,同时在专业设置、办学体制、校企合作、学制、课程体系、师资培养与质量评价等方面改革创新,增强可持续发展能力,担当好为旅游业培养“用得好、留得住、有潜力”专门人才的重任。

  19. Measuring Social Capital Investment: Scale Development and Examination of Links to Social Capital and Perceived Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xinguang; Wang, Peigang; Wegner, Rhiana; Gong, Jie; Fang, Xiaoyi; Kaljee, Linda

    2015-02-01

    Individuals with greater social capital have better health outcomes. Investment in social capital likely increases one's own social capital, bearing great implications for disease prevention and health promotion. In this study, the authors developed and validated the Social Capital Investment Inventory (SCII). Direct effects of social capital investment on perceived stress, and indirect effects through social capital were examined. 397 Participants from Beijing and Wuhan, China completed surveys. Analyses demonstrated that the SCII has a single factor structure and strong internal consistency. Structural equation modeling showed that individuals who invested more in social capital had greater bonding social capital, and subsequently less perceived stress. Results suggest that disease prevention and health promotion programs should consider approaches to encourage social capital investment; individuals may be able to reduce stress by increasing their investment in social capital. Future research is needed to provide additional empirical support for the SCII and observed structural relationships.

  20. Measuring Social Capital Investment: Scale Development and Examination of Links to Social Capital and Perceived Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegner, Rhiana; Gong, Jie; Fang, Xiaoyi; Kaljee, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with greater social capital have better health outcomes. Investment in social capital likely increases one’s own social capital, bearing great implications for disease prevention and health promotion. In this study, the authors developed and validated the Social Capital Investment Inventory (SCII). Direct effects of social capital investment on perceived stress, and indirect effects through social capital were examined. 397 Participants from Beijing and Wuhan, China completed surveys. Analyses demonstrated that the SCII has a single factor structure and strong internal consistency. Structural equation modeling showed that individuals who invested more in social capital had greater bonding social capital, and subsequently less perceived stress. Results suggest that disease prevention and health promotion programs should consider approaches to encourage social capital investment; individuals may be able to reduce stress by increasing their investment in social capital. Future research is needed to provide additional empirical support for the SCII and observed structural relationships. PMID:25648725

  1. A Social Development Assessment Scale for Mexican Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Aguiar Sierra

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available This work described the design of an instrument able to measure social development for Mexican children and the process of the establishment of its psychometric properties. Theoretical aspects considered for its construction and the process of validating forms for parents and teachers are described in a three stage processes that resulted in a final version of the Social Development Scale that measures, disruptive behavior, social interaction, cooperation, acceptance and attachment as core dimensions associated with the concept of social competence. The importance of assessing social development and competence for education, children rearing and general well being are analyzed and discussed.

  2. Social Policy and Economic Development in the Nordic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kangas, Olli; Palme, Joakim

    between democratization and social policy, drawing attention to the role of the state and non-governmental organizations. Social Policy and Economic Development in Nordic Countries examines Nordic social policies on unemployment, social care, family, education and health care policies, and reviews future......This volume examines the relationship between Nordic social policy and economic development from a comparative perspective. It identifies the driving forces behind the development of the Nordic welfare model and the problems and dilemmas the model is facing at present. The book also traces the link...

  3. Managing Economic Transition. Dimensions of Human Resource Development in Hungary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedek, Andras; Klekner, Peter

    1997-01-01

    Outlines the state of economic transition in Hungary, the status of human resource development, economic and legal reforms, and the social partnership (education, business, government) in vocational training. (SK)

  4. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students...... interviews with students from the Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy program and concepts developed by Bernstein and Bourdieu, the article analyzes how these aspects might affect the development of new vocational didactics. We know that it is not easy to change the culture of educational institutions...

  5. Social Capital: Its Constructs and Survey Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enfield, Richard P.; Nathaniel, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on experiences and methods of adapting a valid adult social capital assessment to youth audiences in order to measure social capital and sense of place. The authors outline the process of adapting, revising, prepiloting, piloting, and administering a youth survey exploring young people's sense of community, involvement in…

  6. Social Capital: Its Constructs and Survey Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enfield, Richard P.; Nathaniel, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on experiences and methods of adapting a valid adult social capital assessment to youth audiences in order to measure social capital and sense of place. The authors outline the process of adapting, revising, prepiloting, piloting, and administering a youth survey exploring young people's sense of community, involvement in the…

  7. Social Capital: Its Constructs and Survey Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enfield, Richard P.; Nathaniel, Keith C.

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on experiences and methods of adapting a valid adult social capital assessment to youth audiences in order to measure social capital and sense of place. The authors outline the process of adapting, revising, prepiloting, piloting, and administering a youth survey exploring young people's sense of community, involvement in the…

  8. Social Studies: A Guide for Curriculum Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indiana State Dept. of Public Instruction, Indianapolis.

    This social studies curriculum guide is designed for grades K-12. Divided into seven sections, the first section offers a brief introduction and calls attention to the laws and rulings in Indiana which affect the teaching of social studies. Section two outlines the guide's rationale which stresses that knowledge must be combined with rational…

  9. Vocational Guidance School System in the Gymnasium of Poland as an Important Condition for Professional Development of a Personality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordakova, Olena

    2014-01-01

    Choice of profession is a long process that begins in early childhood and usually lasts for the whole life. That's why it is so important to build a solid vocational guidance school system that will help students to make weighted decisions about their professional future. This system should perform the following functions: engage students in…

  10. Regional Development and Vocational Training. The Problems of Evaluation. Colloquium (Limoges, France, June 18-19, 1990).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierret, M.

    1990-01-01

    This paper summarizes the proceedings of a conference held to discuss evaluation in vocational education. The agenda included welcome speeches and the introductory address by Robert Savy, President of the Regional Council of Limousin (France); an opening session with statements from representatives of the Commission of the European Communities…

  11. Enhancing Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Nigeria for Sustainable Development: Competency-Based Training (CBT) Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoye, K. R. E.; Michael, Ofonmbuk Isaac

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to examine the concept of Competency-Based Training (CBT) as a veritable mode of delivery of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and at the same time highlights some of the strengths and weaknesses of implementing competency-base training. The characteristics, principles and benefits of CBT were also x-rayed.…

  12. PERSPECTIVES AND CHALLENGES FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Naumova

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of the current state and prospects of social entrepreneurship development in Ukraine based on qualitative and quantitative SWOT analysis, taking into account the synergy between the opportunities and threats, strengths and weaknesses of the object are suggested and conducted in the article. The expert survey method was applied to evaluate the factors are identified through SWOT analysis.The priority areas of social entrepreneurship development in Ukraine had been identified on the basis of the sophisticated matrix of the SWOT- analysis. The overriding objectives of social entrepreneurship development in Ukraine are making public authorities as well as civil society aware of the solutions required for the problems of social entrepreneurship development in Ukraine through media and communications.The adoption of the Act on social entrepreneurship and its support at the national, regional and local level; the formulation and adoption of the special long-term development programmes to promote social entrepreneurship, introduce legislation to set up a specific registration system for social enterprises, including the regularly monitoring of their activities - the measures are necessary to achieve more effective implementation and increasing the scope and scale of social entrepreneurship in Ukraine.The establishment of the education programmes in the field of social entrepreneurship in the universities, organizing and conduction of teaching workshops, trainings, and courses on social entrepreneurship for the wide public - would give new impetus to the development of social entrepreneurship in Ukraine as the source of the citizens' initiatives.

  13. The Vocational Goals and Career Development of Criminally Involved Youth: Experiences That Help and Hinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Jennifer; Domene, José F.

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about the career development of youth with a history of criminal activity and the factors that influence their career development. The ability to secure employment is important in predicting successful outcomes for this population, but unfortunately youth who have been involved in crime are likely to face a myriad of obstacles to…

  14. 以技能大赛为契机,促进天津职业院校发展%Take Skill Competition as an Opportunity to Boost the Development of Vocational Colleges in Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦洁

    2015-01-01

    The national vocational college skill competition is one of the national level vocational skill competition program .It leads the reform of vocational college education .Based on the platform of this competition ,completely utilizing its leadership ,influence and anti -driving mechanism to advance the combination of vocational colleges and enterprises and to explore the modern education mechanism of vocational college’s work-and-learn cooperation ,find the training model of cooperation between vo‐cational colleges and enterprises ,realize the all -round reform of vocational education to better service the construction and development of economy .%全国职业院校技能大赛作为国家级职业技能竞赛项目对于职业院校教育教学改革是一种引领。通过全国职业院校技能大赛这个平台,充分发挥其导向、影响力、倒逼机制,促进职业院校和行业企业产教结合,探寻职业院校工学结合的现代教学体制;探索职业教育校企融合的人才培养模式,实现职业教育全方位的教学改革,更好地为经济建设和发展服务。

  15. Development and Assessment of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Johanna E.; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.; Bahner, Angela D.; Misialek, Leah Hanson

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the development and the initial psychometric evaluation of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale in two studies. In the first study, an exploratory factor analysis (n = 278) revealed a four-factor scale, accounting for 71.4% of the variance, measuring different aspects of social issue advocacy: Political and Social Advocacy,…

  16. Teacher Assertiveness in the Development of Students' Social Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villena Martínez, M. D.; Justicia, F. Justicia; Fernández de Haro, E.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Social competence in school students has been studied extensively in terms of their being socially competent or not. However, there has been little analysis of how teachers contribute to the development of these skills. This research assesses the influence of teachers' assertiveness on the social competence of their students and on…

  17. Social networks for innovation and new product development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenders, R.T.A.J.; Dolfsma, W.

    2016-01-01

    In this article we first provide a brief introduction into social network analysis, focusing on the measures and approaches that are used in the empirical contributions in this special issue. Second, we discuss the role of social networks in new product development. Social networks are inherently

  18. Developing effective leadership competencies in military social workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphries, Jennifer L; Howard, Reginald W

    2014-01-01

    Military social workers are facing transformative times in that demand for military social work has increased and become more complex, challenging, and diverse due to the last 13 years of combat experiences. Developing military social work leaders must be deliberate, continuous, and progressive in order to impact and improve organizational performance in the healthcare delivery system. The transformational leadership model has been proven to be effective in both the military and social service organizations. The strength of this leadership model coincides well with the values of the social work profession. Incorporating leadership development in a clinical Master of Social Work program has the potential to improve service provision and offer strategies for military social workers to effectively manage the ongoing challenges in the field of social work.

  19. Enhancing Vocational Rehabilitation to Promote Employment of the Disabled%对加强职业康复工作促进残疾人就业的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙知寒

    2012-01-01

      Vocational rehabilitation is the main channel of people with disabilities obtaining or maintaining jobs and participating in social life. This article reviewed the emergence and development of vocational rehabilitation in developed countries and China, and the formation and evolution of vocational rehabilitation system were summarized. It also analyzed the reasons why employment of the disabled couldn’t be promoted through vocational rehabilitation. Three suggestions were given:promoting vocational rehabilitation in rehabilitation facilities, amending the flow chart of vocational rehabilitation, and improving the legal policy of vocational rehabilitation.%  开展职业康复工作是帮助残疾人实现就业,促进残疾人社会参与的重要途径。本文回顾了发达国家和我国职业康复的产生发展,对职业康复制度的形成和演进过程进行了总结。在对我国职业康复不能有效促进残疾人就业的原因进行分析之后,提出三方面建议:推进康复机构中的职业康复工作、修订职业康复流程以及完善职业康复的制度保障。

  20. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  1. Developing a Model for the Measurement of Social Inclusion and Social Capital in Regional Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lou

    2006-01-01

    This paper reviews the literature on social inclusion and social capital to develop a framework to guide the selection of items and measures for the forthcoming SA Department of Human Services Survey of Social Inclusion to be held in the region of Northern Adelaide in South Australia. Northern Adelaide is a region with areas of high socio-economic…

  2. Measuring Social Anxiety in 11 Countries Development and Validation of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caballo, V.E.; Salazar, I.C.; Irurtia, M.J.; Arias, B.; Hofmann, S.G.

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on two studies conducted to develop and validate a new self-report measure of social phobia/anxiety - the Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A) (Cuestionario de ansiedad social para adultos, CASO-A). A diary-item recording procedure was used to generate the initial pool

  3. 高职英语教师专业成长“训教思”三维策略研究%Study on "3D" Strategy of Professional Development to Vocational English Teacher

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁敏

    2012-01-01

    随着高职院校建设的全面推进,对教师的专业要求越来越高。对高职英语教学来说,他的成功与否取决于高职英语教师职业能力的高低,但随着高职英语教师专业成长的紧迫性与缺乏专业指导的矛盾日益突出,高职英语教师的专业化成长显得举步维艰。在分析高职英语教师专业化成长的社会氛围不浓、意识淡薄和尚未建立有效机制等现状的基础上。提出了构建具有本土特点的“培训、教研、反思”三维互动作用的“训教思”三维教师成长策略以促进英语教师专业全面发展。%With the overall progress of the construction of the vocational colleges, the teachers' professionalism has become increasingly demanding. For college English teaching, his success depends on the level of vocational English teachers' professional competence. It is increasingly prominent with the contradiction between the urgency and the lack of professional guidance of the vocational college English teachers" professional growth, and college English teachers' professional development steps forward di- mension difficult. In analyzing the status quo of the English teachers' professional development in higher cocational colleges as the social atmosphere of is not strong, weak awareness of themselves, and not yet established an effective mechanism. Building the "3D" strategy with the local characteristics on the interaction among training,teaching and research, and reflection is proposed to promote the English teachers" professional comprehensive growth.

  4. Social entrepreneurship. The contribution of individual entrepreneurs to sustainable development

    OpenAIRE

    Seelos, Christian; Mair, Johanna

    2004-01-01

    Social entrepreneurship is a phenomenon that has resisted attempts to establish a clear definition. A focus on organizational structures and/or what constitutes a worthy social cause has created a diverse set of terminology. Observing the positive social impact of entrepreneurs catering to basic needs, this paper recognizes their unique role in efficiently contributing to the achievement of sustainable development goals. From this perspective, the term "social" can be much better defined. The...

  5. Value of Vocational Education and Training in a Non-Metropolitan Community. Project Summary. CRLRA Discussion Paper Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toms, Jon; Falk, Ian; Kilpatrick, Sue

    A project has been designed to identify how a non-metropolitan community consolidates and develops sustainable social and economic activity. For many authors, the political position reiterating vocational education and training (VET) as the pivotal contributor to building national economic sustainability is framed in terms of human capital…

  6. From Special Tasks to Extensive Roles: The Changing Face of Special Needs Teachers in Finnish Vocational Further Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirttimaa, Raija; Hirvonen, Maija

    2016-01-01

    Following the development of inclusive education in vocational education and training (VET), the discussion about the prevention of marginalisation and dropouts has increased. At the same time, the formal education system has strengthened the position of support services, such as special educational needs (SEN) teachers, social workers and…

  7. A Historial Analysis of Vocational Education: Land-Grant Colleges to California Junior Colleges, 1862-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comm, Walter

    To analyze the history of vocational education and the major influences which have affected its development in the California junior colleges, this study examined the 78 years between the passage of the first Morrill Act and the beginning of World War II. Emphasis was given to legislation and the major social and economic elements that affected…

  8. Tools influencing on business development and population's social protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Alieva

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper raises the issue how to develop public policy instruments that could efficiently target bothdevelopment of entrepreneurship and strengthening of social safety of workers.

  9. Analysis of Teaching Methods Innovation of Legal Professions of Higher Vocational Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Hui

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available With the needs of economic and social development, the legal system of China has been constantly improved. As a result, our country is in increasingly urgent demand for legal professionals. Legal professions of higher vocational colleges are responsible for the training of a variety of application-oriented legal talents for our country, which plays a very important role for the construction of the legal system. However, at present, there are some disadvantages in teaching methods of higher vocational legal professions, such as the imitation of general education while lack of vocational characteristics, the rigid and single teaching methods, and theory divorced from reality. The paper will start from these drawbacks, and will propose such appropriate solutions as the introduction of teaching method of case study, the implementation of "Clinic-style" practical teaching, and the conduction of "Law-article" teaching method, in the hope of offering some help to the development of higher vocational legal professions and cultivating truly practical legal talents with professional capacity, able to take up the mission of the law, and able to make a significant contribution to the legal system construction of the country, in cooperation with this wide range of vocational legal education models.

  10. Social Justice and Career Development: Views and Experiences of Australian Career Development Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra

    2008-01-01

    Career development practice had its origins in social justice reform over 100 years ago. A social justice perspective requires practitioners to examine the environmental context of their work, including the social, economic and political systems that influence people's career development. Achieving socially just outcomes for clients may…

  11. High School Vocational Counseling Role in Leveraging Students` Professional Inclinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Brătucu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The experience of many countries with a well-educated workforce highlights the important role of vocational counselling services for advantageous youth professional orientation. Researchers manifest in their turn, a growing interest to study the role of vocational counselling, from the perspective of increasing the efficiency of investment in education and strengthening the capacity of enterprises to meet the challenges of the knowledge economy. In Romania, high school students have access to career guidance services, but there is little information on the extent to which they use or how useful they consider these services. Many times, there is a social conformism among high school graduates, which determines them to choose professions valued at a certain moment, without making a personal judgment. The aim of this paper is to analyse, as a good practice, the role of high school graduate vocational counselling in developing professional skills, in order to help them make the right career decision. In order to monitor the high school students` opinions on the vocational guidance and their perceptions of the integration in the labour market, a market research study has been conducted. This is a survey conducted on a sample of 2,364 high school students in their final year of study (twelve grade. The research has shown that a reduced percentage of the interviewed high school students have knowledge about the vocational guidance activity. From those who have used these services, most of them were satisfied. The study also highlighted the fact that the most important criteria for getting a job are the skills acquired during studies.

  12. Essential competencies analysis of a training model development for non-formal vocational teachers under the office of the non-formal and informal education in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Chayanopparat Piyanan; Charungkaittikul Suwithida; Ratana-Ubol Archanya

    2016-01-01

    Non-formal vocational education provides practical experiences in a particular occupational field to non-formal semi-skilled learners. Non-formal vocational teachers are the key persons to deliver particular occupational knowledge. The essential competencies enhancement for non-sformal vocational teachers will improve teaching performance. The question of the research is what the essential competencies for the nonformal vocational teachers are. The research method was 1) to review related lit...

  13. General view of university students “Marmara University Vocational School of Health Services Case”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akyurt Nuran

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the attitude towards the socio-economic conditions and demographic characteristics and the university life of medical students. To determine the students’ sociodemographic characteristics “Personal Information Form” was used developed by researchers according to literature. The form contains expressions of the students such as the economic situation, future concerns, finding a job, university life, social & recreational activities, build up relationships with people and parents education level. Target group of the study were 349 students from Marmara University Vocational School of health. The environment of the survey was limited to the students studying in all programs at Marmara University Vocational School of Health. The research was carried out with students at Marmara University Vocational School of Health in the fall semester of 2014-2015.

  14. Theoretical Insights for Developing the Concept of Social Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Skaržauskaitė

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose—Social technologies continue to grow in popularity in society. Even though the term “social technology” is most commonly used to refer to new social media such as Twitter and Facebook, a redefinition of this concept based on the original definition is needed. Nowadays the concept of “social technology” has several aspects, which destabilize the dominant image of technology. It emphasizes the social sciences and the humanities as shapers of society, reconsiders the strength of “soft technologies.” The aim of this paper is to provide rich insight into the concept of social technologies’ and to develop the meaning of social technologies in information and knowledge society by analysing new needs and application forms of social technologies.Findings—the research contributed to the understanding of the concept of social technologies. Based on the analysis and synthesis of the scientific literature, a theoretical framework for defining social technologies was developed.Research limitations/implications—the research is limited in a few aspects. For a deeper understanding of social technologies and for developing technological perspectives in social sciences a broader theoretical, as well as empirical, research is necessary. In order to generalise the research findings, further research should include different dimensions from the perspective of other sciences.

  15. holistic development of adolescents for social intelligence ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-03-31

    Mar 31, 2015 ... (SIS) and Spiritual Personality Inventory (SPI) and analyzed using t-test, product moment ... a systemic model, where multiple biological, psychological and social factors were seen as interlinked. ... time course of disorder.

  16. Social logistics –paths of development

    OpenAIRE

    Kolodziejczyk, P; J. Szoltysek

    2011-01-01

    The paper aims to introduce discussion about a new domain of practical application of logistics the social logistics, which is the third part (after militaristic and commercial) needed for a full view of the contemporary logistics application possibilities.

  17. Relationship between sense of loneliness and social support of vocational college impoverished students%高职贫困生孤独感特点及其与社会支持的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志强

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To research 2 258 vocational collegestudents in Jiangsu Province, and screen 361 impoverished ones, to study the relationship between their loneliness characteristics and social support. METHODS Used questionnaire and individual interview method. RESULTS Vocational college impoverished students' (VCIS) sense of loneliness wasmore obvious than the non—poor; male vocational college impoverished students' emotion loneliness was more obvious than the female; VCIS' objective support was significantly lower than the non—poor ones; the sense of loneliness and social support of VCIS had a significantly negative correlation, and subjective support and usage of support had a significant prediction of the sense of loneliness. CONCLUSION Constructing social support system of VCIS is conductive to maintain their mental health level.%目的 调查江苏2258名高职生,筛选出贫困生361名,研究其孤独感特点及其与社会支持的关系.方法 采用问卷法和个别访谈法.结果 高职贫困生孤独感显著高于高职非贫困生,贫困男生的情绪孤立显著高于贫困女生,高职贫困生的客观支持显著低于高职非贫困生,高职贫困生孤独感和社会支持呈显著负相关,且主观支持和对支持的利用度对高职贫困生孤独感有显著的预测作用.结论 构建高职贫困生社会支持系统,有助于增益其心理健康水平.

  18. Developing social media content strategy for Golla

    OpenAIRE

    Hakola, Elina

    2016-01-01

    Social media environment has changed the way companies and brands communicate with their customers and audiences. Traditionally brands have been able to send marketing messages to the audiences through mass media channels. In social media environment brands can reach audiences globally, and target their messages to smaller niche groups. To gain awareness, brands have to provide the audiences something valuable. Brands have to know their audiences well, so listening and taking part in conve...

  19. THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF AN EVALUATION MODEL FOR VOCATIONAL PILOT PROGRAMS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TUCKMAN, BRUCE W.

    A PROGRESS REPORT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A "CURRICULUM HIERARCHY FOR THE EVALUATION OF COURSE KNOWLEDGE," THE "CHECK" TECHNIQUE, IS PRESENTED. THE TECHNIQUE IS BASED UPON A MODEL WHICH INITIALLY NECESSITATES TRANSLATING THE LEARNING PROCESSES AND OBJECTIVES INTO EASILY IDENTIFIABLE BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES. THE PROCESS OF…

  20. THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF AN EVALUATION MODEL FOR VOCATIONAL PILOT PROGRAMS. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TUCKMAN, BRUCE W.

    THE OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT WERE (1) TO DEVELOP AN EVALUATION MODEL IN THE FORM OF A HOW-TO-DO-IT MANUAL WHICH OUTLINES PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING IMMEDIATE INFORMATION REGARDING THE DEGREE TO WHICH A PILOT PROGRAM ACHIEVES ITS STATED FINAL OBJECTIVES, (2) TO EVALUATE THIS MODEL BY USING IT TO EVALUATE TWO ONGOING PILOT PROGRAMS, AND (3) TO…

  1. Transferable Skills Representations in a Portuguese College Sample: Gender, Age, Adaptability and Vocational Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Magda

    2012-01-01

    The departing point of this study is the theoretical framework of "Making the Match project" (Evers and Rush in Management Learning 27:275-299, 1996) about how to develop a common language among stakeholders regarding transferable skills. Thus, the paper examines the impact of demographic variables (age and gender) and developmental…

  2. Vocational and Technical Training in Less Developed Countries: The Informal Economic Sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herschbach, Dennis R.

    The strategy of expanding the modern industrialized economic sector and the formal education system that developing countries have followed during the past twenty years has recently been questioned. In these countries, the informal economic sector is dominant and includes many more people in small business, crafts, and services. An innovative…

  3. Barbering/Cosmetology, Module 6-10: Bilingual Vocational Language Development Workbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern New Mexico Community Coll., El Rito.

    This vocabulary language development workbook accompanies modules 6-10 in the barbering/cosmetology course of the Bilingual Skills Training Program (CE 028 314-318). For each module the trade-related vocabulary to be learned and practiced is first presented in both English and Spanish. Various types of activities and exercises using both the…

  4. Innovative Work Behaviour in Vocational Colleges: Understanding How and Why Innovations Are Developed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messmann, Gerhard; Mulder, Regina H.

    2011-01-01

    In workplaces, innovative products and processes are required to address emerging problems and challenges. Therefore, understanding of employees' innovative work behaviour, including the generation, promotion, and realisation of ideas as components of this behaviour is important. In particular, what fosters innovation development and what triggers…

  5. Development of Affective Characteristics in Students in Vocational-Technical Nursing Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kintgen-Andrews, Jean

    A study was conducted to determine what progress is made by nursing students during their first two years of study in the development of affective characteristics closely associated with professional level practice. Two affective characteristics associated with professionalism were studied; autonomy and assertiveness. The Inner Directed Scale of…

  6. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    from backgrounds with no tradition for education. Despite historical changes, the education as vocational college teacher also struggles with the interplay between theory and practice in the program and great diversity among vocational college teachers. Based on empirical data from focus group......A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students......, and the analysis uncovers several factors that are expected to hamper the development processes....

  7. Hands-on creativity in Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    This presentation poses the question: what conception of the phenomenon of creativity is best suited to the field of vocational education? VET (Vocational Education and Training) aims to prepare people for employment in craft and industry. In this field, there is an ever-growing requirement...... for creativity and innovation. In response, it is my concern that an understanding of creativity be developed with vocational education and training in mind. It is not enough to import models from other areas, where the distinction between ideas and production or creativity and execution is often relatively hazy...... and therefore not well suited for VET comprising production, handcraft and industry. In Europe, vocational education schemes are considered the solid base on which almost all kinds of industry and craft depend. If Europe is to retain its innovative capacity, then vocational education, especially the capacity...

  8. Career Development and Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, Nicole J.; Savickas, Mark L.

    Career development specialists need to find ways to adapt their knowledge and skills to become agents of social action. Public policy is one area where career development specialists can involve themselves to help bring about social change. This paper attempts to raise the consciousness of Society of Vocational Psychology (SVP) members and to…

  9. 浅谈职业教育教师“工匠型”专业化发展%Discussion on “Craftsman -oriented” Professional Development of Vocational Education Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维娥

    2016-01-01

    目前,努力提高技术技能型人才的质量已得到高职院校普遍重视,但对于人才培养质量提高的关键因素———师资的专业化发展,理念上却比较传统。文本根据职业教育所承担的任务以及目前职业院校师资水平现状,提出提升职业教育教师的专业化水平要像训练“工匠”一样。“工匠型”专业化发展既是职业院校教师从业发展的必然要求,也是提高职业教育质量的关键所在。%currently ,higher vocational colleges have generally attached importance to improve the quality of skilled talents ;however ,as to the key factor of improving the quality of talents - profession‐al development of teachers , it is comparatively traditional in concept . This paper proposes that the process of improving the professional level of vocational education teachers should be like training“craftsman” according to the tasks born by the vocational education and current state of teachers ’ level in vocational schools .“Craftsman-oriented”professional development is not only an inevitable require‐ment for vocational development of teachers in vocational schools but also the key factor for improving vocational education quality .

  10. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  11. 中职护生自我同情和社会支持的相关性研究%Correlation between Self-compassion and Social Support among Secondary Vocational Nursing Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李萍

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查中职护生自我同情和社会支持的水平,并分析两者的相关性。方法:采用一般资料调查表、自我同情量表、社会支持量表,对461名中职护生进行问卷调查。结果:中职护生自我同情总均分(2.94±0.83)分,社会支持总均分(5.46±1.58)分,两者总分及各维度得分之间呈正相关(r=0.450,P<0.01)。结论:中职护生的自我同情和社会支持属于中等水平,两者呈正相关。护理教育者需采取有效措施,提高中职护生的自我同情和社会支持水平。%Objective:To investigate the level of self-compassion and social support among secondary vocational nursing students, and to analyze the correlation between them. Methods:A total of 461 secondary vocational nursing students were investigated by using the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) . Results:The mean score of nursing students' SCS and PSSS was (2.94 ± 0.83) and (5.46 ± 1.58), respectively. Scores of the total scale with were positively correlated with (r=0.450, P<0.01) . Conclusions:The self-compassion and social support of secondary vocational nursing students are at moderate level and are positively correlated with each other. It is necessary to enhance the self-compassion and social support of secondary vocational nursing students.

  12. The Research on the nexus between Social Support and Subjective Well-being of Vocational College Students%高职学生社会支持与主观幸福感关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀华

    2014-01-01

    为了解高职学生社会支持与主观幸福感的关系,为高职学生的主观幸福感干预提供帮助,采用SSRS和GWB问卷,调查了河南400名高职学生。结果表明高低社会支持组学生的主观幸福感差异极显著;社会支持及其各维度与主观幸福感的正相关极其显著;客观支持能显著预测主观幸福感,主观支持和支持利用度的预测作用极其显著。%This study explored the relationship of social support and subjective well-being in 369 vocational college students with questionnaires SSRS and GWB .The results indicted :(1) there was significant difference between high and low social support group in subjective well-being ;(2) vocational college students’ social support is positively relative to their subjective well-being ;(3) objective support ,subjective support and could predict subjective well-being .

  13. 20 CFR 405.10 - Medical and Vocational Expert System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical and Vocational Expert System. 405.10 Section 405.10 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.10 Medical and Vocational Expert System. (a) General....

  14. Reflection on the Expansion of Sustainable Development Space of Vocational Colleges -Concurrently Discuss Countermeasures of the Enrollment Change of Higher Vocational Education%高等职业院校可持续发展空间拓展的思考——兼论高等职业教育生源变化的应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连绪

    2012-01-01

    The crisis of enrollment of vocational colleges is an indisputable fact. It is high time to face the enrollment change and expand the development space. Vocational colleges should change from the state of having diploma education as the main body to the state of stabilizing diploma education and simultaneously energetically developing non-diploma education on the basis of enhancing the quality, striving for unique features and building a modem brand of higher vocational education. They should change from the state of having the "higher" vocational education as the main body to the state of emphasizing "post-high school" vocational education. They should change from the state of having "full-time" education as the main body to the state of combing "classroom learning" and "network learning". They should change from the state of "vocational qualification certificate" serving the diploma education (double certificates, meaning diploma and vocational qualification certificate) to the state of "vocational qualification certificate" serving all the employees. They should also change from the state of educating students for their "development" to the state of educating students for both their "development" and "life".%高职院校生源危机已是不争的事实,应对生源变化、拓展发展空间时不我待。高职院校在提高质量,争创特色,打造现代意义高职品牌的基础上,要将以学历教育为主,向稳定学历教育、大力发展非学历教育的空间拓展;将强调“高等”职业教育为主,向强调“高中后”职业教育为主的空间拓展;将以“全日制”培养为主,向“课堂学习”与“网络学习”结合的空间拓展;将“职业资格证书”为学历教育服务(双证书),向“职业资格证书”为全体就业者服务的空间拓展;将教育为人的“发展”服务,向教育为人的“发展”和“生活”服务空间拓展。

  15. STRATEGIC SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL ECONOMY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Achiței

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to reach its economical and social potential, social economy must have a favorable environment, created through: establishing a strategic framework for development, fiscal and non-fiscal benefits, promoting it as the third sector between public and private, with its own dynamics. Since we are talking about a social business, financing sources are very important for starting or developing investment in the field. Through the article, the authors aim at making an analysis and recommendations for improvement of mechanisms of two financing sources – structural funds and bank loans. We wish to present a practical vision on strategic sustainable development of social economy in Romania, starting from the experience in the field the “Alaturi de Voi” Romania Foundation has had for the past seven years. Our foundation has managed to implement through the European Social Fund two strategic structural funds and to access a bank loan for the development of businesses of social enterprises from Romania.

  16. Social Spending and Aggregate Welfare in Developing and Transition Economies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebregziabher, Fiseha Haile; Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel

    Notwithstanding the unprecedented attention devoted to reducing poverty and fostering human development via scaling up social sector spending, there is surprisingly little rigorous empirical work on the question of whether social spending is effective in achieving these goals. This paper examines...... the impact of government spending on the social sectors (health, education, and social protection) on two major indicators of aggregate welfare (the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index and child mortality), using a panel dataset comprising 55 developing and transition countries from 1990 to 2009. We...

  17. On the Development of Maritime English Listening and Speaking Abilities for Vocational Secondary Schools in Autonomous Learning Mode%论自主学习模式下中职航海英语听说能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁燕君

    2012-01-01

    New requirement for English ability of the maritime English majors in vocational secondary schools is proposed in the new social situation. Students'autonomous learning methods and their speaking and listening abilities directly influence their English abilities. Focusing on the importance of autonomous learning mode and the listening and speaking training for maritime English teaching, summary and analysis is made on the problems in maritime English listening and speaking training, finally, fundamental methods and items need attention are presented for the development of maritime English listening and speaking abilities for vocational secondary schools in autonomous learning mode.%新的社会形势对中职航海专业学生的英语水平提出了新的要求,学生的自主学习方式与听说能力的优劣,直接影响着航海专业学生的英语水平以及学生在航海操作中英语的正常表达。通过从目前航海英语教学中自主学习模式与听说能力训练的重要性入手,就航海英语听说能力训练中的问题进行归纳与分析,提出自主学习模式下培养航海学生英语听说能力的基本方法和注意事项。

  18. Social inclusion and inclusive education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marsela Robo

    2014-07-01

    In line with global debate on social inclusion and exclusion, the author brings the way this debate has now pervaded both the official and development policy discourse in Albania.Social inclusion is considered as one of the priorities of the current government, with poverty reduction as its main focus, which will be ensured not only through economic development. In the end, the article focuses on the role of education as a very important and useful tool for ensuring social inclusion.Social inclusion through education, in particular through vocational education, considered by the author as the only way towards sustainable development of Albanian society.

  19. Wellbeing and smoking at Danish vocational schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Susan; Rod, Morten Hulvej; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    Background School dropout and health risk behavior represent major problems among students attending vocational education in Denmark and many other countries. Modifications to the social environment may promote educational attainment as well as the health and wellbeing of young people. However......, there is a need for more evidence-based intervention programs. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a settings-based intervention (Shaping the Social) at vocational schools on student wellbeing and smoking. Methods We employed a non-randomized controlled trial of 5794 students (mean age 21...... years; 81% male) in 10 (four intervention and six comparison) large vocational schools in Denmark. The intervention integrated social activities with professional learning and focused on four themes: introduction activities; daily class meetings; scheduled breaks; creating a pleasant non-smoking...

  20. Are Rural Development Programmes Socially Inclusive? Social Inclusion, Civic Engagement, Participation, and Social Capital: Exploring the Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortall, Sally

    2008-01-01

    Considerable importance is attached to social exclusion/inclusion in recent EU rural development programmes. At the national/regional operation of these programmes groups of people who are not participating are often identified as "socially excluded groups". This article contends that rural development programmes are misinterpreting the…

  1. Are Rural Development Programmes Socially Inclusive? Social Inclusion, Civic Engagement, Participation, and Social Capital: Exploring the Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortall, Sally

    2008-01-01

    Considerable importance is attached to social exclusion/inclusion in recent EU rural development programmes. At the national/regional operation of these programmes groups of people who are not participating are often identified as "socially excluded groups". This article contends that rural development programmes are misinterpreting the…

  2. Social Work in a Developing Continent: The Case of Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Chitereka

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Social work is a professional approach to ameliorating social problems. It is generally understood as a helping profession that utilizes professionally qualified personnel who use its knowledge base to help people tackle their social problems (Mupedziswa, 2005. Nevertheless, in developing countries, social work is a relatively young profession which was influenced by colonialism in its formation. The type of social work practiced in these countries largely mirrors the one that is being practiced in Britain, France and Portugal among others. Utilizing the continent of Africa as a case study, this article argues that social work practice in Africa tends to be curative or remedial in nature and is not adequately addressing people’s problems. It therefore proposes a paradigm shift from remedial to a social development paradigm if it is to make an impact in the 21st century.

  3. The role of experience in the development of social competencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynette Louw

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The role of experience in the development of managers’ social competencies has been analysed in this research.Research purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the process through which experience contributed towards the development of service-oriented managers’ social competencies.Motivation for the study: Understanding the contribution of experiences to the development of competencies may have important implications for the selection and development of managers within service industries.Research design, approach and method: Following a multiple case study design, face-to-face interviews with service-oriented managers were held, based on the critical incident technique. Data were analysed using the open coding procedures of grounded theory.Main findings: Experience was found to contribute to the development of service-oriented managers’ social competencies, through a process that established an awareness of unfamiliar social competencies, or a reinforcement of the effects of familiar effective social competencies.Practical/managerial implications: The proposed process, the Social Competency Cache Development (SCCD Process, is the practical outcome of the research which offers a tool to facilitate the development of social competencies through conscious leveraging of an individual’s experiences.Contribution/value add: The SCCD Process is recommended as a new avenue to leverage and thereby develop social competencies.

  4. INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF CHEMICAL TEACHING MATERIALS ON MATERIAL BASED THERMOCHEMICAL SOFT SKILLS FOR VOCATIONAL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. D. Purnawan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Business and industrial field need workers who have not only good academic achievement but also the ability of hard skills and soft skills.  In order to prepare students who have a good academic skills, hard skills, soft skills it has to be done in all subjects including chemistry expertise to integrate the competencies of Motorcycle Engineering.  The research design uses One Group Pretest Posttest Design imposed on students in class XI SMK 1 Kedung TSM. Validator assessment results indicate that teaching materials developed very feasible for use in learning chemistry.  The result show that the learning device by using the integrated chemistry materials can increase students understanding of the thermo chemistry material with the acquisition of N-gain is at 0.63 or in the medium category.  Group of high-achieving students have the score of N-gain of 0.65, while the medium-achieving students get 0.63 and low-achieving students get 0.61, all have medium category.  Percentage  of students who passes the mastery learning  if mastery learning (KKM > 75 or reach 87 %.  The percentage of students’ soft skills in at least good criteria is at 87.10 %.  Students gave positive responses  90.71 % towards the learning material that is developed.

  5. Social problems and social work in Ghana: Implications for sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baffoe M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Social Work practice is a helping profession that provides services aimed at assisting societies work better for their people. It is designed to support people burdened with varying degrees of social problems to function better within society. Meaningful and sustainable development cannot take place in societies afflicted with a host of social problems which receive no meaningful interventions. Ghana is beset with a myriad of social problems that call for professional social work interventions. Using Social work education and practice as a backdrop, this article highlights some of the key and emerging social problems in Ghana. It examines the constraints and unique challenges that the profession face in its efforts to help people develop their full potential and improve their lives. Furthermore, the authors discuss social work education and practice interventions that would bring about social change and help people, especially the poor and the marginalized, to appropriately play their part in society. This article concludes with highlights on the implications of social problems and social work interventions for sustainable development in Ghanaian society.

  6. On the Effectiveness of Higher Vocational College Teachers" Involvement in Social Practice%试析高职院校教师社会实践的有效性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成军

    2012-01-01

    从高职教育的“高争性”与“职业性”两个属性出发,分析教师社会实践的功能定位和目标导向。针对价值认同和文化自觉缺失带来的教师社会实践诸多问题。基于教师专业成长需求定位教师社会实践目标,基于校企利益共同体创建教师社会实践平台,基于团队协作丰富教师社会实践内涵,基于文化自觉构建教师社会实践评价体系,是耀高高职院特教师社会实践有数性的路径洗柽.%Based on the two properties of higher vocational education, namely "higher character" and "occupational character", the functional localization and the goal orientation of teachers' social practice have been analyzed. Aiming at various problems with social practice brought about by lack of value identification and cultural consciousness, it is pointed out that the appropriate paths of promoting the effectiveness of higher vocational college teachers" involvement in social practice should be the measures as follows : to clarify teachers" practice goal on the basis of the requirement of teachers" professional growth, to establish the platform of teachers" social practice on the basis of the benefit community of college and enterprise, to enrich the connotation of teachers" social practice on the basis of teamwork, to construct teachers" social practice evaluation system on the basis of cultural consciousness.

  7. Institutional theory and the policy problem of vocational education and training and its development: the Egyptian case

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This thesis extends analysis of the policy problem of Egyptian Vocational Education and Training (VET) beyond the current supply/demand mismatch perspective and into a broader institutional analytic framework. It critically deploys concepts from Whitley‘s institutional framework (1999) and Wood and Frynas‘ (2006) Segmented Business Systems (SBS) archetype to the problem, complementing them with historical and political dimensions. These illustrate the continuities and discontinuities in key i...

  8. The social dimension of regional sustainable development planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenen, Frans H.J.M.

    2005-01-01

    The Lisbon strategy has prioritized socio-economic issues in the European development. Through the Lisbon strategy together with the Gothenburg strategy Europe is striving for a balance between the social, economic and ecological dimension of sustainable development. In research the social dimension

  9. Developing Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning: The American Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias, Maurice J.; Moceri, Dominic C.

    2012-01-01

    Developments in American policy, research and professional development to promote social and emotional learning in schools have drawn on work carried out by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL), encouraged by the popular and political catalyst of Daniel Goleman's work on emotional intelligence. Based on CASEL's…

  10. Spelling in the Social World: A Reconceptualization of Spelling Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veno Eidukonis, Julie Ann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to expand the traditional developmental conceptualization of spelling development into the social realm through microethnography. The overarching research question driving this study is: What are the social processes in literacy learning focusing on spelling development among peers in a first grade classroom? The…

  11. Finnish and Russian Teachers Supporting the Development of Social Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Väyrynen, Sai; Kesälahti, Essi; Pynninen, Tanja; Siivola, Jenny; Flotskaya, Natalia; Bulanova, Svetlana; Volskaya, Olga; Usova, Zoya; Kuzmicheva, Tatyana; Afonkina, Yulia

    2016-01-01

    We argue that a key aspect of inclusive pedagogy is the interaction between the learners, their teachers and the environment. For effective interaction, learners need to develop social competence. This study explores how teachers support the development of the key social skills in schools in Finland and in Russia. The data were collected by…

  12. Developing Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning: The American Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elias, Maurice J.; Moceri, Dominic C.

    2012-01-01

    Developments in American policy, research and professional development to promote social and emotional learning in schools have drawn on work carried out by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL), encouraged by the popular and political catalyst of Daniel Goleman's work on emotional intelligence. Based on CASEL's…

  13. Moral Development and Social Worker Ethical Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groessl, Joan

    2013-01-01

    This study examined both the moral development levels using the Defining Issues Test-2 (DIT--2) and ethical decision-making using the Professional Opinion Scale (POS) of social workers who provide field supervision to students within accredited social work programs in Wisconsin. Using the moral development theory of Kohlberg (1981) which defined…

  14. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  15. Vocational Ability Development of Higher Vocational College Counselor under the New Situation%新形式下高职院校辅导员职业能力发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚震

    2013-01-01

    Higher vocational college counselor is the important power of ideological and political education and students' daily management in higher vocational colleges, and is the key to cultivate higher vocational college students. The level of political instructor team of higher vocational college is important to education quality of higher vocational colleges. In the new situation, it is significant to attach importance to and improve the basic ability of higher vocational college counselors.%高职院校辅导员是高职学校从事思想政治教育和学生日常管理工作的一支重要力量,是高职院校大学生成才的关键之一,高职院校辅导员队伍的水平对高职院校的教育质量有着重要的影响.在新形势下,重视并提高高职院校辅导员的基本能力具有十分重要的意义.

  16. Social Adjustment and Personality Development in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roff, Merrill; And Others

    This book describes a series of studies included in a 5-year program of research on the social adjustment of school children in the third through sixth grades. The sample consists of a total of 40,000 children from Texas and Minnesota, including a small subsample of 5,000 used in a 4-year longitudinal study. Peer acceptance-rejection scores…

  17. Professional Development: Social Skills and Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalongo, Mary Renck

    2006-01-01

    Learning to work and play well with others truly is a lifelong goal with a foundation in the early childhood years. Effective early childhood educators recognize that supporting children's social competence and teaching them academic skills are compatible rather than competing goals; each grows and benefits from advances in the other. Together,…

  18. An Ecological Validation of Social Cognitive Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enright, Robert D.; Sutterfield, Sara J.

    1980-01-01

    Two classrooms of first graders (N=40) were administered Damon's moral judgment measure, Shure and Spivack's social problem solving measure, and the Stanford-Binet vocabulary. Concurrently, two observers in the children's school environment recorded incidences of successful resolutions of interactions, amount of derogation, and the number of times…

  19. Social logistics –paths of development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Kolodziejczyk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to introduce discussion about a new domain of practical application of logistics the social logistics, which is the third part (after militaristic and commercial needed for a full view of the contemporary logistics application possibilities.

  20. The Role of Climate and Socialization in Developing Interfunctional Coordination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wooldridge, Barbara Ross; Minsky, Barbara D.

    2002-01-01

    Develops a model illustrating that two elements of organizational culture--climate and socialization processes--foster acceptance of organizational values and facilitate the development of interfunctional coordination, which in turn influences firm performance. (Contains 42 references.) (JOW)