WorldWideScience

Sample records for vocational competency tests

  1. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  2. Forming Artistic-Design Competency of Vocational Design Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falco, Vera P.; Fedorov, Vladimir A.; Dorozhkin, Evgenij M.; Merkushova, Nina I.; Bakanach, Olga V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the problem under study is based on the necessity to achieve effectiveness of the learning process aimed at forming a competent specialist and ensuring the quality of training of vocational teacher of a certain subject (design). The aim of the article is to provide theoretical substantiation, to elaborate and to test the…

  3. Soft Skill Competencies, Hard Skill Competencies, and Intention to Become Entrepreneur of Vocational Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicta Prihatin Dwi Riyanti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of soft skill competencies and hard skill competencies to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. Hard skill entrepreneurial competencies are competencies that are needed to running business. Meanwhile for soft skill competencies are competencies related to aspects of personality and cognitive style. Population in this research is vocational graduates in Jakarta and Jogjakarta. The sampling technique used is incidental sampling. We used measuring instruments as follow: the intention to become entrepreneur of Shapero & Sokol (in Riyanti, 2009. soft skill competencies of Spencer & Spencer (1993 and hard skill competencies of Chou. Shen. Hsiou & Chen. 2010. The regression analysis of the 258 respondents showed significant effect of soft skill competencies (initiative. self-confidence and assertiveness to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. There are significant effect hard skill competencies (human resources capability competency and production capability competency to the intention to be entrepreneur. Based on the results. we suggested that the learning process should be more emphasis on direct practice so that more competencies can be formed on vocational school graduates.

  4. Vocational English-as-a-Second Language Competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Sara C.

    This collection of competency statements deals with the English-as-a-second-language (ESL) skills that vocational students should master before entering the world of work. Addressed in the individual sections of the volume are the following topics: specific occupational terminology, safety language, on-the-job language, job-seeking language,…

  5. Developing Vocational Competences during Secondary School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behle, Heike

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Using the example of an amalgamated secondary school qualification (International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme--IBCP), in which both vocational education and training (VET) and academic subjects are taught, the paper aims to discuss the use of skills and knowledge gained during the IBCP for post-secondary school activities.…

  6. Modeling the Development of Vocational Competence: A Psychometric Model for Economic Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Viola Katharina; Winther, Esther; Festner, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the development of vocational competence through economic vocational educational training (VET) from a theoretical and psychometric perspective. Most assessment and competence models tend to adopt a state perspective toward assessments of competence and carve out different structures of competence for diverse vocational…

  7. Modeling the Development of Vocational Competence: A Psychometric Model for Economic Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Viola Katharina; Winther, Esther; Festner, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the development of vocational competence through economic vocational educational training (VET) from a theoretical and psychometric perspective. Most assessment and competence models tend to adopt a state perspective toward assessments of competence and carve out different structures of competence for diverse vocational…

  8. Competency Profiles for Vocational Education. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This document contains a brief report describing the development of validated competency profiles for business, home economics, and industrial education at the University of Missouri-Columbia, as well as a set of the profiles. The profiles are used to evaluate students' levels of mastery of competencies in the content areas of each course. Two…

  9. Key Competences in vocational education and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ole Dibbern; Kruse, Katrine

    This article presents and discusses how key competences in the school based learning are embedded in the VET curricula during the last five years. It gives an overview of how their role has developed in light of the comprehensive Danish VET reform agreed in 2014 and implemented since August 2015....

  10. The competence-based didactic approach in initial vocational education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skubic-Ermenc Klara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines a didactic and curricular model that was developed to support the implementation of a competence-based approach, today prevailing in the European (initial vocational education and training (VET. It starts by presenting contemporary developments in the Slovenian VET, and then continues with a study of some of the underlying pedagogical concepts influencing the contemporary educational practice. The concept of competence, as it relates to the Slovenian VET, is discussed, and the new didactic model is presented in terms of its conceptualisation, realisation and evaluation. The model is built around the concepts of the competence- based didactic unit, and has been produced to help teachers support students in developing the ability to integrate knowledge, skills and attitudes, so that they are able to solve complex and unpredictable professional tasks and challenges. The article concludes with a discussion on the methodological limitations of the evaluation, and its transferability to other contexts.

  11. Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, Terry

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  12. Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Edwina

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  13. Soft Skill Competencies, Hard Skill Competencies, and Intention to Become Entrepreneur of Vocational Graduates (P.119-132

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedicta Prihatin Dwi Riyanti

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of soft skill competencies and hard skill competencies to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. Hard skill entrepreneurial competencies are competencies that are needed to running business. Meanwhile for soft skill competencies are competencies related to aspects of personality and cognitive style. Population in this research is vocational graduates in Jakarta and Jogjakarta. The sampling technique used is incidental sampling. We used measuring instruments as follow:  the intention to become entrepreneur of Shapero & Sokol (in Riyanti, 2009. soft skill competencies of Spencer & Spencer (1993 and hard skill competencies of Chou. Shen. Hsiou & Chen. 2010. The regression analysis of the 258 respondents showed significant effect of soft skill competencies (initiative. self-confidence and assertiveness to the intention to become entrepreneur in the vocational school graduates. There are significant effect hard skill competencies (human resources capability competency and production capability competency to the intention to be entrepreneur. Based on the results. we suggested that the learning process should be more emphasis on direct practice so that more competencies can be formed on vocational school graduates.Keywords: entrepreneur,competency,intention

  14. Competence assessment for vocational school students based on business and industry chamber to improve graduate entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samsudi, Widodo, Joko; Margunani

    2017-03-01

    Vocational school's skill competence assessment is an important phase to complete learning process at vocational school. For vocational school this phase should be designed and implemented not only to measure learning objective target, but also to provide entrepreneurship experience for the graduates. Therefore competence assessment implementation should be done comprehensively in cooperation with Business and Industry Chamber. The implementation of skill competence aspect covering materials, methods, strategies, tools and assessors, need to be designed and optimized with respect to vocational school together with Business and Industry Chamber. This aims to measure the learning objective target and produce improved entrepreneurship graduates. 4M-S strategy in students' skill competence assessment could be done to ensure that the material, method, tool and assessor have been well designed and implemented in both institutions: vocational school and Business and Industry Chamber to improve entrepreneurship graduates.

  15. Teacher interpersonal behaviour and student motivation in competence-based vocational education : Evidence from Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Misbah, Z.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Maulana, J.; Mulder, M.

    2015-01-01

    Competence-based education requires changing teacher roles probably affecting teacher–student interactions and student motivation. This study examines how students (N = 1469) from competence-based and less-competence-based vocational schools perceive their teachers' interpersonal behaviour and its r

  16. Development of Plurilingual Competencies through Vocationally Oriented Language Learning in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movchan, Larysa

    2014-01-01

    The article tackles the problem of developing plurilingual competencies through vocationally oriented foreign language in Sweden. The author analyses the pedagogical conditions of realization of plurilingual education at upper-secondary schools, vocational and higher education establishments and the aspects of teacher education for this purpose.…

  17. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

    This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

  18. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Auto Body Repair. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

    This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on auto body repair. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 7 instructional areas: use of basic repair tools; metal bumping (theory and practice); metal refinishing (theory and practice); panel replacement; glass work; spot…

  19. Commonalities in the Professional Education Competencies of Selected Community College Vocational Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Donald Gene

    To determine the nature of common professional education competencies of community college vocational teachers, 160 teachers from four western states and from program areas of agriculture, health, home economics, and service occupations were administered a professional education competency questionnaire. Analysis of data revealed that there was no…

  20. Integrating Authentic Assessment with Competence-Based Learning in Vocational Education: The Protocol Portfolio Scoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Straetmans, Gerard J. J. M.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how competence-based learning (CBL) can be organised in vocational education by integrating elements from a holistic instructional design model with recent ideas on assessment. A curriculum based on this model is pre-eminently suitable for an assessment approach emphasising that proof of competence is gathered by having…

  1. Identifying and Validating Essential Job Entry Level Competencies for Vocational Agriculture in Wyoming. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Carl L.; Durkee, James R.

    This document reports on a project designed to identify and validate the essential competencies needed by agriculture students in order to enter and advance successfully in agricultural occupations in Wyoming. Competency lists and validation studies were collected from other states. A group of vocational agriculture teachers developed a list of…

  2. Air Conditioning, Refrigeration and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardman, Thomas

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  3. Testing the Twofold Multidimensionality of Academic Self-Concept: A Study with Chinese Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Lan; Arens, A. Katrin; Watkins, David A.

    2016-01-01

    In order to extend previous research on the twofold multidimensionality of academic self-concept (i.e. its domain-specific structure and separation into competence and affect components), the present study tests its generalisability among vocational students from mainland China. A Chinese version of self-description questionnaire I was…

  4. Vocational Hypothesis Testing in Career Decision-Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blustein, David L.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1987-01-01

    Examined vocational hypothesis testing by applying Snyder's hypothesis-testing research paradigm to a vocational task in two experiments. Subjects (N=106) were asked to evaluate the appropriateness of a specific occupation for themselves. Subjects tended to exhibit confirmatory hypothesis-testing strategies when relevant occupations were…

  5. ADL abilities and vocational competencies: Blue-collar workers aged 45 years and over.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuchi, E

    1995-01-01

    A questionnaire composed of 55 items that addressed activities of daily living (ADL) abilities and 13 basic vocational competencies, such as memory and muscular power, was completed by 48 nondisabled male workers aged ≥45 years. The workers were all engaged in the manufacturing industry. All respondents found the following five tasks easy to do: wring a towel, put arms through sleeves, open and shut a door, turn a tap on and off, and open and shut a sliding door. Among basic vocational competencies, the highest performance, with but a small standard deviation, occurred with the muscular power competency; a low performance with a large standard deviation (P=0.05) occurred with concentration. No age difference was discerned in planning ability, cooperativeness, muscular power, staying power, manual adeptness, and sense of equilibrium, whereas in learning ability, agility, and concentration, people aged ≥65 years showed significantly lower performance (P=0.05). The characteristics of vocational competencies in manufacturing industry workers aged ≥45 years were fond to be linked to ADL abilities, and the effectiveness of the ADL abilities survey, prepared on an experimental basis, was confirmed for the evaluation of vocational competencies.

  6. Minimum Competency Testing and the Handicapped.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wildemuth, Barbara M.

    This brief overview of minimum competency testing and disabled high school students discusses: the inclusion or exclusion of handicapped students in minimum competency testing programs; approaches to accommodating the individual needs of handicapped students; and legal issues. Surveys of states that have mandated minimum competency tests indicate…

  7. Correspondence of Children's Anticipated Vocations, Perceived Competencies, and Interests: Results from an Italian Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prime, Dominic R.; Nota, Laura; Ferrari, Lea; Schultheiss, Donna E. Palladino; Soresi, Salvatore; Tracey, Terence J. G.

    2010-01-01

    Relations among anticipated vocations, self-assessments of competence, and interests in sample of 190 Italian children were examined. Children were asked what activities they liked, those they thought they were good at, and what job they expected when they grew up. The responses were coded into RIASEC Holland codes and agreement across the three…

  8. Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  9. Beyond Competence: An Essay on a Process Approach to Organising and Enacting Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billett, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    The competency-based approach to vocational education is premised on narrow and dated conceptions of human functioning, performance and development. Its adoption is more driven by administrative concerns about measurable outcomes than educational processes and outcomes. Informed by educational science and earlier debates, this article discusses…

  10. The relationship between learning environment and career competencies of students in vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.M. Gundy; dr. Frans Meijers; Marinka Kuijpers

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on which aspects of the learning environment, aimed at fostering career learning, correspond with the development of career competencies among students (aged 12-19 years) enrolled in prevocational and secondary vocational education in The Netherlands. Aspects of the learning env

  11. Testing the model for testing competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

    2003-05-01

    The pilot study to demonstrate the utility of the CBRDM in the practice setting was successful. Using a matrix evaluation tool based on the model's competencies, evaluators were able to observe specific performance behaviors of senior nursing students and new graduates at either the novice or competent levels. The study faced the usual perils of pilot studies, including small sample size, a limited number of items from the total CBRDM, restricted financial resources, inexperienced researchers, unexpected barriers, and untested evaluation tools. It was understood from the beginning of the study that the research would be based on a program evaluation model, analyzing both processes and outcomes. However, the meager data findings led to the desire to continue to study use of the model for practice setting job expectations, career planning for nurses, and curriculum development for educators. Although the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing no longer has funding, we hope that others interested in role differentiation issues will take the results of this study and test the model in other practice settings. Its ability to measure higher levels of competency as well as novice and competent should be studied, i.e., proficient, expert, and advanced practice. The CBRDM may be useful in evaluating student and nurse performance, defining role expectations, and identifying the preparation necessary for the roles. The initial findings related to the two functions as leader and teacher in the care provider and care coordinator roles led to much discussion about helping students and nurses develop competence. Additional discussion focused on the roles as they apply to settings such as critical care or primary health care. The model is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and career planning.

  12. Vocational Pedagogical Competencies of a Professor in the Secondary Vocational Education System: Approbation of Monitoring Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in the majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  13. The Model of Monitoring of Vocational Pedagogical Competences of Professors in Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  14. Students’ personal professional theories in competence-based vocational education: the construction of personal knowledge through internalisation and socialisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap, Harmen; De Bruijn, Elly; Van der Schaaf, Marieke; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2009-01-01

    Schaap, H., De Bruijn, E., Van der Schaaf, M. F., & Kirschner, P. A. (2009). Students' personal professional theories in competence-based vocational education: the construction of personal knowledge through internalisation and socialisation. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 61(4), 481-494

  15. Students’ personal professional theories in competence-based vocational education: the construction of personal knowledge through internalisation and socialisation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap, Harmen; De Bruijn, Elly; Van der Schaaf, Marieke; Kirschner, Paul A.

    2009-01-01

    Schaap, H., De Bruijn, E., Van der Schaaf, M. F., & Kirschner, P. A. (2009). Students' personal professional theories in competence-based vocational education: the construction of personal knowledge through internalisation and socialisation. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 61(4), 481-494

  16. Assessment of intercultural competence of vocational teachers in Croatia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Višnja Rajić; Tomislav Rajić

    2015-01-01

    Due to the changes in society and the new era of “super-diversity” (Vertovec, 2007) in European countries, intercultural competence is gaining importance both in everyday life situations and teacher training...

  17. CAREER MANAGEMENT COMPETENCY AMONG VOCATIONAL SKILLED MILITARY RETIREES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Normah Zakaria

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of transition skills training for military retirees are to prepare them towards their retirement plan. Ability to be employed with ease after retirement indicates that the retiree is competent in planning and implementing his plan on employment post military service.  This study aimed to gauge the effectiveness of the skills training attended by military retirees and to examine whether there is any difference in the career management competencies of the military retirees if they are  trained by different training centres and /or if they enrolled into different training areas.  A quantitative study using survey exploration was carried out on 380 low-ranking military retirees. This study used a set of questionnaire adapted from Career Competencies Indicator by Haase and Francis-Smythe (2007. The results indicated that the level of competencies among military retirees were at moderate or middle level. Further, the study revealed that there were variation in competency results obtained by retirees training in different training centres as well as in different areas of skills.  This study is hoped to be used by training centers and department of military retiree welfare to prepare for a more effective program to assist military retirees boost up their competence and confidence in acquiring skills for post retirement employment.

  18. Essential competencies analysis of a training model development for non-formal vocational teachers under the office of the non-formal and informal education in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Chayanopparat Piyanan; Charungkaittikul Suwithida; Ratana-Ubol Archanya

    2016-01-01

    Non-formal vocational education provides practical experiences in a particular occupational field to non-formal semi-skilled learners. Non-formal vocational teachers are the key persons to deliver particular occupational knowledge. The essential competencies enhancement for non-sformal vocational teachers will improve teaching performance. The question of the research is what the essential competencies for the nonformal vocational teachers are. The research method was 1) to review related lit...

  19. Emotional competence (intelligence) and vocational choice among candidates for the ordained ministry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Richard A; Mortensen, Ralph A; Gorsuch, Richard L; Malony, H Newton

    2013-01-01

    This research examined the ways in which vocational interests of United Methodist candidates for ordained ministry are related to Emotional Competence (EC) as measured by Inventory of Religious Activities and Interests (IRAI) ministry interests and 16PF personality scales. Results show two primary clusters of ministry interests that are related to EC. Recommendations include ways that supervisors, mentors, and pastor-staff-parish relations committees can use this information to enable pastors to grow in their EC skills.

  20. Communicative Competence Development in the Course of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. S. Abolina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper, devoted to the communicative competence development, regards it as the key element of professional competence. Modern specialists in any sphere of professional activity need the necessary information and communication skills (i.e. the ability to use the principles of busyness communication for planning and analysis, goal-setting, choosing strategies, understanding the partners’ intentions and modifying the communication ways. The author highlights the labor market requirements to communication skills of the higher school graduates, and insists on introducing the theoretical and practical methods of communication competence development into the educational curricula. The paper specifies the aspects of perception and reflection in interpersonal contacts, and describes the group training methods with the main emphasis on such collective forms as role plays, group discussions, and training sessions. The outlines of the training program in business communication are given along with its approbation results including the improvements in students’ self-assessment, group communication, feelings, moods, activity, self-control in conflict situations, etc. 

  1. 高职学生职业能力标准与测评研究%Study on Vocational Students’Professional Competency Standards and Evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓群; 肖为民

    2014-01-01

    高职学生的职业能力标准是高职院校组织教学的主要依据,制定该标准有利于提升高职院校人才培养质量。高职学生职业能力标准主要包括实践操作技能标准、智力标准和职业品德标准三部分。建立职业能力标准的过程中,应该依据国家颁布的职业技能鉴定规范,在广泛调研的基础上,与行业企业专家共同制定。对高职学生进行职业能力测评时可采取观察法、问卷调查法、情境模拟法等。%Vocational college studenst’competency standards are based primarily on vocational colleges teaching organization, to develop the standards will help improve the quality of personnel training vocational colleges. Vocational students' professional competencies include practical skills standards, intellectual standards and professional ethics standards in three parts. Establish standards of professional competence in the process, should be based on the National Occupational Skill Testing norms promulgated on the basis of extensive research, and industry experts to develop business. When vocational students can take vocational ability evaluation observation, questionnaires, situational simulation method.

  2. Using an instrument to analyse competence-based study programmes; experiences of teachers in Dutch vocational education and training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wesselink, R.; Dekker - Groen, A.M.; Biemans, H.J.A.

    2010-01-01

    Competence-based education is becoming increasingly popular. Competencies are used more and more as the starting point for designing curricula and instructional methods, especially in vocational education and training, to realize authentic and self-steering study programmes. Despite its popularity

  3. Enhancing Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Nigeria for Sustainable Development: Competency-Based Training (CBT) Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okoye, K. R. E.; Michael, Ofonmbuk Isaac

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to examine the concept of Competency-Based Training (CBT) as a veritable mode of delivery of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and at the same time highlights some of the strengths and weaknesses of implementing competency-base training. The characteristics, principles and benefits of CBT were also x-rayed.…

  4. DEVELOPING A TEACHING FACTORY LEARNING MODEL TO IMPROVE PRODUCTION COMPETENCIES AMONG MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STUDENTS IN A VOCATIONAL SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadang Hidayat Martawijaya

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a learning model that can provide vocational senior high school students with an authentic industrial working experience in the manufacturing and production sector in the very same school that they are enrolled.  An appropriate in-school industrial experience is expected to improve students’ competences and skills. A four stage research and development method was used, involving preliminary study, development, testing and model validation. The study uses both qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques to produce a six steps teaching factory learning model (TF-6M Model. Data was gathered from teachers (n= 8 of a school in Indonesia and students of class XI (n=132 who formed the experimental and the control groups in the model validation stage, and student of class XII for the preliminary study (n=35 and development test (n=98. The focus group discussion (FGD reveals that the production teacher believes that the TF-6M model can be used to improve students’ competences. Data from students shows that TF-6M Model increases students’ competences, is preferred by students, increases their time spent at work, and improves their soft and hard skills, motivation, sense of responsibility and work ethics.

  5. Minimum Competency Testing--Grading or Evaluation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Madhu Suri

    The consequences of the minimum competency testing movement may bring into question the basic assumptions, goals, and expectations of our school system. The intended use of these tests is the assessment of students; the unintended consequence may be the assessment of the school system. There are two ways in which schools may fail in the context of…

  6. A Review of Twenty Years of Competency-Based Training in the Australian Vocational Education and Training System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erica

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the author reflects, both as an academic researcher and as a senior practitioner, on the experience of competency-based training (CBT) in the Australian vocational education and training system. She seeks to draw conclusions about the Australian experience using a typology drawn from the academic literature which focuses on the…

  7. Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

    2013-01-01

    In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

  8. The concept of competence in the development of vocational education and training in selected EU member states: a critical analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, M.; Weigel, T.M.; Collins, K.M.

    2007-01-01

    This contribution follows the descriptive review of Weigel, Mulder and Collins regarding the use of the competence concept in the development of vocational education and training in England, France, Germany and the Netherlands. The purpose of this contribution is to review the critical analyses

  9. Home Economics Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of home economics education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how…

  10. Professional Competence and Basic Ability-Oriented Game Theory Analysis of China's Higher Vocational College English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jian

    2012-01-01

    To strengthen the professional competence and basic ability is the objective requirements of the Chinese higher vocational college English teaching, while the positioning of the teaching objectives is partial to a "prisoner's dilemma" in game situations that any party will result in. To get rid of the "dilemma", we have to…

  11. Agricultural Education. Missouri's Show-Me Standards and Vocational Education Competencies. Cross Reference. Main Report [and] Mini Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    These two documents deal with the relationship between Missouri's Show-Me Standards (the standards defining what all Missouri students should know upon graduation from high school) with the vocational competencies taught in secondary-level agricultural education courses. The first document, which is a database documenting the common ground that…

  12. Students' Personal Professional Theories in Competence-Based Vocational Education: The Construction of Personal Knowledge through Internalisation and Socialisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaap, H.; de Bruijn, E.; Van der Schaaf, M. F.; Kirschner, P. A.

    2009-01-01

    Competence-based vocational education is based on a constructivist learning paradigm, where the development of students' personal professional knowledge is emphasised. However, there is a lack of insight into how students construct their own professional knowledge and what the content and nature of personal professional knowledge is. This article…

  13. What's Happening in Minimum Competency Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frahm, Robert; Covington, Jimmie

    An examination of the current status of minimum competency testing is presented in a series of short essays, which discuss case studies of individual school systems and state approaches. Sections are also included on the viewpoints of critics and supporters, teachers and teacher organizations, principals and students, and the federal government.…

  14. The Emerging Legal Issue of Competency Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, David G.

    1979-01-01

    As more states adopt minimum competency testing (MCT) programs, MCT is becoming the subject of much debate among educators and in the courts. MCT has been attacked by those who claim it discriminates against Blacks and non-English-speaking minorities. Also raised in the MCT debate is the question of educational malpractice. (RLV)

  15. Essential competencies analysis of a training model development for non-formal vocational teachers under the office of the non-formal and informal education in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chayanopparat Piyanan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-formal vocational education provides practical experiences in a particular occupational field to non-formal semi-skilled learners. Non-formal vocational teachers are the key persons to deliver particular occupational knowledge. The essential competencies enhancement for non-sformal vocational teachers will improve teaching performance. The question of the research is what the essential competencies for the nonformal vocational teachers are. The research method was 1 to review related literature, 2 to collect a needs assessment, and 3 to analyse the essential competencies for non-formal vocational teachers. The population includes non-formal vocational teachers at the executive level and nonformal vocational teachers. The results from the essential competencies analysis found that the essential competencies for non-formal vocational teachers consist of 5 capabilities including 1 Adult learning design capability, 2 Adult learning principle application capability, 3 ICT searching capability for teaching preparation, 4 Instructional plan development capability and 5 Instructional media development capability.

  16. Minimal Competency Testing: The Need for a Broader Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, Bernard

    1979-01-01

    Citing William Spady's distinction between capacity and competence, the author asserts that current competency tests mainly measure academic (capacity) not life (competency) skills. He then considers problems inherent in delineating, teaching, and testing essential practical living competencies and presents some alternatives. Part of a theme issue…

  17. The Structural and Functional Model of Development of Profession-Oriented and Specialized Competences of Students at Vocational and Pedagogical Higher Educational Establishments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzanov, Boris N.; Tarasyuk, Olga V.; Bashkova, Svetlana A.; Ustakova, Daria A.; Sotskova, Svetlana I.

    2016-01-01

    The topicality of the problem under study is based on requirements of the society and the shortage of teachers of vocational education on the labour market, aimed at successful vocational and pedagogical activities by means of the needed level of development of profession-oriented and specialized competences through self-development and…

  18. Vocational High School Effectiveness Standard ISO 9001: 2008 for Achievement Content Standards, Standard Process and Competency Standards Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeni Ratih Pratiwi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Efektivitas Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Berstandar ISO 9001:2008 terhadap Pencapaian Standar Isi, Standar Proses dan Standar Kompetensi Lulusan Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in the effectiveness of the achievement of the content standards, process standards, and competency standards in vocational already standard ISO 9001: 2008 with CMS that has not been standardized ISO 9001: 2008 both in public schools and private schools. Data collection using the questionnaire enclosed Likert scale models. Analysis of data using one-way ANOVA using SPSS. The results showed: (1 there is no difference in effectiveness between public SMK ISO standard ISO standards with private SMK (P = 0.001; (2 there are differences in the effectiveness of public SMK SMK ISO standards with ISO standards have not (P = 0.000; (3 there are differences in the effectiveness of public SMK ISO standards with private vocational yet ISO standards (P = 0.000; (4 there are differences in the effectiveness of the private vocational school with vocational standard ISO standard ISO country has not (P = 0.015; (5 there are differences in the effectiveness of the private vocational bertandar ISO with private vocational yet standardized ISO (P = 0.000; (6 there was no difference in the effectiveness of public SMK has not been standardized by the ISO standard ISO private SMK yet. Key Words: vocational high school standards ISO 9001: 2008, the standard content, process standards, competency standards Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan efektivitas pencapaian standar isi, standar proses, dan standar kompetensi lulusan pada SMK yang sudah berstandar ISO 9001:2008 dengan SMK yang belum berstandar ISO 9001:2008 baik pada sekolah negeri maupun sekolah swasta. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuisioner tertutup model skala likert. Analisis data menggunakan ANOVA one way menggunakan program SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 ada perbedaan

  19. Higher vocational college student cadre competency cultivation%高职院校学生干部胜任力培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁谌

    2015-01-01

    This article starts from the angle of competency, the higher vocational colege student cadres as the research object, the construction of student cadre competency model in higher vocational coleges, student cadre competence promotion countermeasures, in order to improve the student organization work performance.%本文从胜任力的角度,以高职院校学生干部为研究对象,构建高职院校学生干部胜任力模型,提出学生干部胜任力提升对策,以提高学生组织工作绩效.

  20. Testing competing forms of the Milankovitch hypothesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaufmann, Robert K.; Juselius, Katarina

    2016-01-01

    We test competing forms of the Milankovitch hypothesis by estimating the coefficients and diagnostic statistics for a cointegrated vector autoregressive model that includes 10 climate variables and four exogenous variables for solar insolation. The estimates are consistent with the physical...... mechanisms postulated to drive glacial cycles. They show that the climate variables are driven partly by solar insolation, determining the timing and magnitude of glaciations and terminations, and partly by internal feedback dynamics, pushing the climate variables away from equilibrium. We argue...... that the latter is consistent with a weak form of the Milankovitch hypothesis and that it should be restated as follows: Internal climate dynamics impose perturbations on glacial cycles that are driven by solar insolation. Our results show that these perturbations are likely caused by slow adjustment between land...

  1. Validation of a Short Form of an Indecision Test: The Vocational Assessment Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picard, France; Frenette, Éric; Guay, Frédéric; Labrosse, Julie

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to validate the scores of a short form of a new instrument, "l'Épreuve de décision vocationnelle, forme scolaire" (EDV-9S; vocational assessment test), which measures six indecision-related problems (lack of self-knowledge, lack of readiness, lack of method in decision making, lack of information,…

  2. Validation of a Short Form of an Indecision Test: The Vocational Assessment Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picard, France; Frenette, Éric; Guay, Frédéric; Labrosse, Julie

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to validate the scores of a short form of a new instrument, "l'Épreuve de décision vocationnelle, forme scolaire" (EDV-9S; vocational assessment test), which measures six indecision-related problems (lack of self-knowledge, lack of readiness, lack of method in decision making, lack of information,…

  3. Procedures for Identifying and Selecting a Minimum Competency Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wildemuth, Barbara

    1979-01-01

    Describes the steps that a school district should follow in the first stages of implementing a minimum competency testing program: preparatory activities, defining the project, identifying existing tests, evaluating tests, developing a local test, and sharing knowledge. (Author)

  4. Reflection on the Final-term Intensive Reading Test in a Secondary Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈平

    2009-01-01

    This article begins with a brief description of a final-term intensive reading test for students in a secondary vocational school in Shaosing then it argues about the test's validity and reliability.Most significantly,it discusses the backwash effect of the textbook-based test in students' learning process.Finally,a conclusion is drawn that a final achievement test like this is valid,reliable and applicable to vocational students.Consequently,the textbook-based test is recommended for secondary vocational student8(SVS)in their EFL learning.

  5. Exploring the Validity and Robustness of a Competency Self-Report Instrument for Vocational and Higher Competence-Based Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khaled, A.E.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Tobi, H.; Biemans, H.J.A.; Oonk, C.; Mulder, M.

    2014-01-01

    Research on the effectiveness of competence-based education (CB-education) across educational contexts and levels requires a new evaluation measurement. This study explores the face validity, construct validity, and robustness of a competency self-report instrument that is aligned with contemporary

  6. Teamwork Competency Test (TWCT): a step forward on measuring teamwork competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Aguado García, David; Rico, Ramón; Sánchez-Manzanares, Miriam; Salas, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    The Teamwork Knowledge, Skill, Ability Test (TWKSAT), designed to assess teamwork competencies, has been widely used in both applied and academic contexts. However, studies have brought to light a number of reliability problems in the test. In this article, we describe 3 studies that (a) examined the functioning of the TWKSAT (N 135); (b) investigated a new measure, the Teamwork Competency Test, including its metric properties (N 120); and (c) analyzed the convergent and predictive valid...

  7. Basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing: development and psychometric testing of a competence scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakanmaa, Riitta-Liisa; Suominen, Tarja; Perttilä, Juha; Ritmala-Castrén, Marita; Vahlberg, Tero; Leino-Kilpi, Helena

    2014-03-01

    To develop a scale to assess basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing. In this study, basic competence denotes preliminary competence to practice in an intensive care unit. There is a need for competence assessment scales in intensive care nursing practice and education. The nursing care performed in the intensive care unit is special by its nature and needs to be assessed as such. At this moment, however, there is no tested, reliable and valid scale in this field. A multi-phase, multi-method development and psychometric testing of the scale was conducted. The scale was developed in three phases. First, following a literature review and Delphi study, the items were created. Second, the scale was pilot tested twice by nursing students (n1 = 18, n2 = 56) and intensive care nurses (n1 = 12, n2 = 54), and revisions were made. Third, reliability and construct validity were tested by graduating nursing students (n = 139) and intensive care nurses (n = 431). The Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Competence Scale (ICCN-CS-1) is a self-assessment test consisting of 144 items. Basic competence is divided into patient-related clinical competence and general professional competence. In addition, basic competence is comprised of knowledge base, skill base, attitude and value base and experience base. ICCN-CS-1 is a reliable and tolerably valid scale. The ICCN-CS-1 is a promising scale for use among nursing students and nurses. Future research is needed to evaluate its construct validity further and to assess its suitability for completion during intensive care unit's orientation programmes and nursing students' clinical practice in an intensive care unit. The ICCN-CS-1 can be used for basic competence assessment in professional development discussions in intensive care units, in mentor evaluation situations during nursing students' clinical practice and in intensive care nursing education. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  8. SYSTEM AND ACTIVITY APPROACH TO THE PROBLEMS SOLUTION OF COMPUTER COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena E. Neupokoeva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The scientific specification of system and activity approach in relation to conditions of the educational process aimed at the development of computer competence is presented in the article. The task of efficiency increase of training process in information technologies of future teachers of vocational education in area of economy and management is set in the present research. Thus the attention of authors is focused on involving the trainees’ creative potential as much as possible through the application of model of the operated creative process.Results. Research was conducted at the Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University; the main methods of research are a method of supervision, questioning and conversation. By results of research, the specifying steps to areas of technology of the organization of educational process, approaches and techniques are made; didactic materials and manuals that led to increase of results of educational process which main objective is an improvement of quality of formation of computer competence are developed.Scientific novelty. Though separate elements of this research have already appeared in scientific literature, but in such combination, in relation to this technique of the organization of educational process, with use of the user computer hermeneutics (the term is for the first time used in such definition researches have not been conducted yet.Practical significance. The practical importance of work originates in a problem of development of computer competence of future teachers of professional education and plays a key role in the development of continuous education in the conditions of a general computerization and large-scale development of a global network. 

  9. Minimal Competency Testing: Issues and Procedures. An Annotated Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wildemuth, Barbara M., Comp.

    Due to the current legislative trend toward competency-based education, and the accompanying minimal competency testing, a variety of local school districts and state education agencies are concurrently developing programs to meet the standards set by their state's legislation. This selective bibliography was compiled in order to aid those…

  10. The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

    2012-01-01

    In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

  11. Valuing Assessment in Teacher Education - Multiple-Choice Competency Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Dona L.; Itter, Diane

    2014-01-01

    When our focus is on assessment educators should work to value the nature of assessment. This paper presents a new approach to multiple-choice competency testing in mathematics education. The instrument discussed here reflects student competence, encourages self-regulatory learning behaviours and links content with current curriculum documents and…

  12. Combination Welding Technical Terms. English-Thai Lexicon. Introduction to Combination Welding. Thai Version. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Masako T.

    This English-Thai lexicon and program introduction for combination welding is one of eight documents in the Multicultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series. It is intended for use in postsecondary, adult, and preservice teacher and administrator education. The first two sections provide Thai equivalencies of English…

  13. Effectiveness of daily living abilities (DLA) as a tool for evaluating vocational competencies: study of non-disabled workers aged 45 and over.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuchi, E; Murakami, K

    1995-05-01

    A questionnaire survey was conducted on 28-55 items of daily living abilities (DLA) linked to 13 basic vocational competencies such as memory, learning, planning, judgement, muscular power and concentration covering a total of 505 non-disabled blue collar male workers aged 45 and over. Results of the survey were as follows, (1) The 457 subjects were grouped into five groups ranging from normal to unsound groups according to the degree of DLA; (2) The reduction of DLA has directionality to two factors, memory and muscular power; (3) DLA provide clues for aging; (4) Among basic vocational competencies, muscular power showed the highest performance with a small standard deviation, while concentration scored low points with a large standard deviation (p learning ability, agility and concentration (p < .05); Since the findings showed various characteristics of vocational competencies and the aging process precisely in blue collar workers aged 45 and over, we assumed that the DLA survey is one of the alternatives for evaluating workers vocational competencies.

  14. How to investigate the goal orientations of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education: choosing the right instrument.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopman, M.; Teune, P.J.; Beijaard, D.

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the psychometric properties of three instruments: a semi-structured interview, a questionnaire and a sorting task. The central question is which instrument is most suitable to investigate the goal orientations of students in competence-based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education. Th

  15. Explaining Health and Social Care Students' Experiences of Meaningfulness in Vocational Education: The Importance of Life Goals, Learning Support, Perceived Competence, and Autonomous Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Støen Utvaer, Britt Karin

    2014-01-01

    The experience of meaning in a learning situation is a stated goal of Knowledge Promotion Reform in Norway. This study, guided by self-determination theory, examines how pursuing intrinsic and extrinsic life goals relates to the experience of meaning in vocational education. The study also examines how learning support, perceived competence, and…

  16. Towards competence-based technical-vocational education and training in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Solomon, Getachew Habtamu

    2016-01-01

    In the human development effort, different countries are underscoring the role of technical-vocational education and training (TVET) in providing relevant knowledge and skills to improve productivity, increase access to employment opportunities and raise the standard of living. It is in recognition

  17. Integrating Vocational Interests, Competencies, and Interpersonal Dispositions in Middle School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodano, Sandro M.

    2011-01-01

    Vocational interests and interpersonal dispositions have been well researched in adults from the perspectives of Holland's RIASEC (1997) model of interests and the Interpersonal Circumplex (IPC), respectively. Few studies have applied either model to children and no studies have examined their overlap in children. A vector fitting procedure was…

  18. Integrating Vocational Interests, Competencies, and Interpersonal Dispositions in Middle School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodano, Sandro M.

    2011-01-01

    Vocational interests and interpersonal dispositions have been well researched in adults from the perspectives of Holland's RIASEC (1997) model of interests and the Interpersonal Circumplex (IPC), respectively. Few studies have applied either model to children and no studies have examined their overlap in children. A vector fitting procedure was…

  19. Towards competence-based technical-vocational education and training in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Solomon, Getachew Habtamu

    2016-01-01

    In the human development effort, different countries are underscoring the role of technical-vocational education and training (TVET) in providing relevant knowledge and skills to improve productivity, increase access to employment opportunities and raise the standard of living. It is in recognition

  20. Nurse Competence Scale--psychometric testing in a Norwegian context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wangensteen, Sigrid; Johansson, Inger S; Nordström, Gun

    2015-01-01

    The aim was to test the construct validity of the Nurse Competence Scale. The Nurse Competence Scale has been used in hospital settings for various purposes in several countries. Despite this, confirmatory factor analyses are scarcely reported. The present study is based on re-analyses of data from 2007 (i.e. psychometric testing) and 593 newly graduated nurses working in various contexts were included. Confirmatory as well as exploratory factor analyses (Principal Component Analysis) were carried out. The original 7-factor model of the Nurse Competence Scale (73 items) was not confirmed. The exploratory factor analyses resulted in a Norwegian Nurse Competence Scale consisting of 46 items in the following competence categories: Planning and delivery of care, Teaching functions, Professional leadership, Research utilization and nursing values and Professional awareness. The results underline the needs for psychometric testing of an instrument after translation processes. The instrument is suitable for describing and comparing nurse competence for various reasons. It may also be helpful in creating competence development programs at an individual as well as at an organizational level. Further studies with a broader sample are recommended.

  1. 高职教师专业能力标准的探讨%Discussion of Vocational Teachers’ Professional Competency Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯志辉

    2014-01-01

    《高职教师专业能力标准》阐明了高职教育教师应具备的素质、知识、能力的核心要素,彰显了高职教育的本质特征与高职教育教师的特殊性,体现了高职教育教师“学生为本”、“师德为先”、“双师素质”“终身学习”四大特色,其构建符合国家有关高职教育的法规、法律、政策,体现出政府和公众对高职教育教师的希望,对引领高职教育教师专业发展具有针对性、实效性和可操作性。%Standards of Vocational Teachers’ Professional Competency clarifies the vocational edu-cation teachers should possess the following core elements of qualities ,knowledge and capacity ,and re-veals the essential characteristics of vocational education and the specificity of vocational education teachers ,reflecting four characteristic of vocational education teachers , as follows :“student -cen-tered” ,“ethics first” ,“double quality” ,“ lifelong learning” .Its construction of higher vocational edu-cation is in line with the relevant national regulations ,laws and policies ,manifesting the expectations from the government and the public for vocational education teachers ,which has the pertinence ,practi-cability and operability for leading the higher vocational education teachers ’ professional development .

  2. Development and psychometric testing of the Ascent to Competence Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Michelle A; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Pitt, Victoria

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports the development and psychometric testing of the Ascent to Competence Scale, an instrument designed to measure nursing students' perceptions of the quality of their clinical placement experience. The key purpose of clinical placements is to facilitate students' learning and progress toward the attainment of competence. The attainment of competence requires personal commitment and active involvement of students; support and guidance of clinical and academic staff; and clinical environments that are welcoming and inclusive of students. The items for the Ascent to Competence Scale were identified following a critical review of the literature. Content and face validity were established by an expert panel. During 2010 the instrument was tested with third year nursing students (n=88) from one Australian university. Exploratory factor analysis with promax oblique rotation was used to determine construct validity and Cronbach's coefficient alpha determined the scale's internal consistency reliability. The final scale demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency (alpha 0.98). Exploratory factor analysis yielded a three-component structure termed "Being welcomed"; "Belongingness" and "Learning and competence". Each subscale demonstrated high internal consistency: 0.89; 0.96; and 0.95 respectively. The Ascent to Competence Scale provides a fresh perspective on clinical placements as it allows for the relationship between belongingness, learning and competence to be explored. The scale was reliable and valid for this cohort. Further research in different contexts would be valuable in extending upon this work. The Ascent to Competence Scale profiled in this paper will be of benefit to both educational and healthcare institutions. The use of a quantified yardstick, such as the Ascent to Competence Scale, is important in evaluating the efficacy of programs, placements and partnerships between higher education and health services. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd

  3. 语言-/跨文化交际能力在职业行动能力中的作用%Functions of Cultivating Linguistic-/Intercultural Competence on Vocational Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯梅

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, we've known gradually of curricular mode of learning field from German voca- tional education, meanwhile, action-oriented teaching is implemented, which all revolve around the devel- opment of vocational competence. Linguistic-/intercultural competence is one important element of voca- tional action competence. This article analyses the functions of linguistic-/intercultural competence on voca- tional competence and explores the approaches of developing students' vocational competence through im- Droving their linmaistic-/intercultural competence.%在高职外语教学中,语言-/跨文化交际能力是职业行动能力的重要环节。分析了语言-/跨文化交际能力在职业行动能力中的作用,探讨了提升学生语言-/跨文化交际能力.进而发展职业行动能力的途径。

  4. 基于胜任素质模型的高职学生就业能力培养%Vocational Students' Employability Training Based on Competency Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庚

    2014-01-01

    高职学生的就业能力培养是一项系统工程,依据企业人力资源管理中胜任素质模型,培养符合企业需要的应用型技术人才,对于提高高职教育人才培养质量,提高高职学生的就业能力具有重要的促进作用。%Vocational students' employability training is a systematic project, according to human resource manage-ment competency model, develops applications in line with business needs and technical personnel, to improve the quality of vocational education training personnel, improving the employability of vocational students have important role in promoting.

  5. On an Approach to Testing and Modeling Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shavelson, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    E. L. Thorndike contributed significantly to the field of educational and psychological testing as well as more broadly to psychological studies in education. This article follows in his testing legacy. I address the escalating demand, across societal sectors, to measure individual and group competencies. In formulating an approach to measuring…

  6. On an Approach to Testing and Modeling Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shavelson, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    E. L. Thorndike contributed significantly to the field of educational and psychological testing as well as more broadly to psychological studies in education. This article follows in his testing legacy. I address the escalating demand, across societal sectors, to measure individual and group competencies. In formulating an approach to measuring…

  7. Development and Testing of the Nurse Manager EBP Competency Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuman, Clayton J; Ploutz-Snyder, Robert J; Titler, Marita G

    2017-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of an instrument to measure nurse manager competencies regarding evidence-based practice (EBP). The Nurse Manager EBP Competency Scale consists of 16 items for respondents to indicate their perceived level of competency on a 0 to 3 Likert-type scale. Content validity was demonstrated through expert panel review and pilot testing. Principal axis factoring and Cronbach's alpha evaluated construct validity and internal consistency reliability, respectively. Eighty-three nurse managers completed the scale. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 16-item scale with two subscales, EBP Knowledge ( n = 6 items, α = .90) and EBP Activity ( n = 10 items, α = .94). Cronbach's alpha for the entire scale was .95. The Nurse Manager EBP Competency Scale is a brief measure of nurse manager EBP competency with evidence of validity and reliability. The scale can enhance our understanding in future studies regarding how nurse manager EBP competency affects implementation.

  8. 浅谈高职生英语语用能力的培养%The analysis on cultivating of the vocational students’ pragmatic competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭奉红

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of learning a language is to be able to communicate smoothly and properly. The quality of the students in vocational college is lower relatively, and English is a poor subject for them. But they must go into society and work independently after graduation, thus the objective of teaching English in vocational college should be to cultivate students’ pragmatic competence. The paper describes the necessity of cultivating vocational students’ pragmatic competence, the meaning of pragmatic competence and the way of cultivating vocational students’ pragmatic competence.%学习一门语言的根本目标就是能够运用该语言进行顺畅的交流和得体的交际。高职院校的学生生源素质相对较低,英语更是他们的薄弱学科,而他们毕业后就要面临踏上社会,独立工作,因此,对于高职院校学生的英语教学目标更应该是培养学生的英语语用能力,而不仅仅是要教给他们英语语法知识。本文论述了培养高职生英语语用能力的必要性,语用能力的内涵,以及培养高职生英语语用能力的途径。

  9. Evaluation Study of Core Competence of Higher Vocational College Library%高职院校图书馆核心竞争力评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛

    2012-01-01

    紧密结合高职院校自身性质和发展特点,从高职院校图书馆核心竞争力内涵出发,提出高职院校图书馆核心竞争力评价指标体系,包括核心资源的配置、创新与开发能力、行业文化服务、团队文化塑造四大类指标,以期促进高职院校图书馆形成核心竞争力。%Based on the connotation of core competence of higher vocational college library and closely combining its own nature and development characteristics of higher vocational college,This paper puts forward evaluation index system of core competence,containing the configuration of core resource,the ability of innovation and development,the service of industry culture and the establishing of team culture,in order to make higher vocational college form the core competence.

  10. 中职学生职业能力培养模式研究%On Secondary Vocational Students' Professional Competence Training Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘桢

    2014-01-01

    Vocational students' comprehensive professional competence determines the quality and effectiveness of edu-cation and teaching, to design a training model of professional competence based training is an effective method of voca-tional education characteristics and quality of protection;article will train as the standard of professional competence tal-ent training model, based on professional competence training curriculum design, teaching methods and school-enterprise cooperation reform and other content for the study, and through the practice of analyzing these factors influence the culture of professional competence.%中职学生的综合职业能力的培养决定了教育教学的质量和效果,设计一种基于职业能力培养的人才培养模式是保障职业教育特点和质量的有效方法;本文将以职业能力培养为本位的人才培养模式、基于职业能力培养的课程设计、教学方法改革和校企合作等内容为研究对象,并通过实践分析以上因素对职业能力培养的影响。

  11. The Prewriting of Unsuccessful Writers on Timed Writing Competence Tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiste, Katherine Beaty; O'Shea, Judith

    1990-01-01

    Examines the characteristics of prewriting activities of unsuccessful writers who took the Alberta Universities' Writing Competence Test. Finds that the students' limited and ineffective use of prewriting strategies interferes with their ability to generate and develop ideas in writing a timed essay. (KEH)

  12. Minimum Competency Testing: A Report of Four Regional Conferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Barbara Soloth, Ed.

    Summaries are presented of the problems and issues of minimum competency testing which were discussed at four regional conferences for political and educational practitioners. The Education Commission of the States sponsored the conferences, but took no official position of support or opposition. Section 1 compares the legislative, practitioner,…

  13. The Reliability of Results from National Tests, Public Examinations, and Vocational Qualifications in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Qingping; Opposs, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    National tests, public examinations, and vocational qualifications in England are used for a variety of purposes, including the certification of individual learners in different subject areas and the accountability of individual professionals and institutions. However, there has been ongoing debate about the reliability and validity of their…

  14. Impact of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on Situational Judgement Test performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schripsema, Nienke R; van Trigt, Anke M; Borleffs, Jan C C; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2017-01-01

    Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree progra

  15. Construction of Vocational Competency Model for Counselors of Higher Vocational College and the Empirical Analysis%高职院校辅导员职业胜任力模型构建及实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于舒

    2016-01-01

    以辽宁省15所高职院校辅导员为研究对象,运用胜任力冰山模型理论,采用文献查阅法、案例分析法、问卷调查法,构建高职院校辅导员职业胜任力模型,包括四个维度:职业态度、个人素质、专业知识及技能水平,并建立高职院校辅导员能力等级考核测评指标体系。%This study constructed the professional competency model for higher vocational college counselors by regarding the counselors of 15 higher vocational colleges in Liaoning province as the research objects and using the methods of literature review, case analysis, and questionnaire investigation, on the basis of the theory of competency iceberg model. The model includes four dimensions that are professional attitudes, personal qualities, professional knowledge and skills level. And the grade appraisal and evaluation index system for higher vocational college counselors has been established.

  16. Investigating mechanisms for missing responses in competence tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Köhler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Examinees working on competence tests frequently leave questions unanswered. As the missing values usually violate the missing at random condition, they pose a threat to drawing correct inferences about person abilities. In order to account appropriately for missing responses in the scaling of competence data, the mechanism resulting in missing responses needs to be modeled adequately. So far, studies have mainly focused on the evaluation of different approaches accounting for missing responses, making assumptions about the underlying missing mechanism. A deeper understanding of how and why missing responses occur can provide valuable information on the appropriateness of these assumptions. In the current study we investigate whether the missing tendency of a person depends on the competence domain assessed, or whether it can be considered a rather person-specific trait. Furthermore, we examine how missing responses relate to ability and other personality variables. We conduct our analyses separately for not-reached and omitted items, using data from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS. Based on an IRT approach by Holman and Glas (2005, we investigate the missing process in the competence domains information and communication technologies, science, mathematics, and reading, which were assessed in three age cohorts (fifth-graders: N = 5,193, ninth-graders: N = 15,396, adults: N = 7,256. Results demonstrate that persons’ missing propensities may, to some extent, be regarded as person-specific. The occurrence of omissions and not-reached items mainly depends on persons’ competencies, and is different for people with a migration background and for students attending different school types, even after controlling for competencies. Our findings should be considered in approaches aiming at accounting for missing responses in the scaling competence data.

  17. Towards Competence-based Practices in Vocational Education – What Will the Process Require from Teacher Education and Teacher Identities?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Säde-Pirkko Nissilä

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Competence-based education refers to the integration of knowledge, skills, attitudes and interactivity as the intended outcomes of learning. It makes use of lifelong learning and lifelike tasks in realistic settings and requires the cooperation of teachers. This research was prompted by the desire to explain why collegial cooperation often seems to be problematic in schools and universities. Are there certain social structures or behavioural patterns that influence the cooperative culture in teacher communities? The research material was collected in 2013 and 2014 in Oulu, Finland. The target groups were both newly qualified and experienced vocational teachers at all educational levels (N=30. The data collection methods were open questions in interviews and questionnaires. The research approach and analysis methods were qualitative. The theoretical background is in humanistic-cognitive and experiential learning as well as in dynamic epistemic conceptions. The findings show that the prevailing model in teacher communities is individualistic, discipline-divided and course-based, especially among older teachers. The obstacles refer to teachers’ self-image and a deeply rooted fear of criticism or revelation of incompetence. The promoters of cooperation were connected to the changing practices and desire of sharing with colleagues.

  18. Testing the Predictive Validity of the IELTS Test on Omani English Candidates’ Professional Competencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moza Abdullah Said Al-Malki

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has investigated the relationship between IELTS testing and Omani English teacher trainees’ professional competencies by adopting a quantitative method for data collection. A total number of 94 graduate freshmen Omani English teachers’ IELTS, CGPA and their teaching professional competencies are collected. The results reveal a moderate significant relationship between IELTS and CGPA but a weak relationship between IELTS and teaching competencies.  This study could contribute to the growing body of literature that aims to assess the construct validity of IELTS, and attempts to do so in the new terrain of teaching competencies. This study puts forwards recommendations for IELTS proficiency test in the Omani context. Keywords: International English Language Testing System, English Language proficiency, Professional competencies, Rusaq College of Applied Sciences

  19. Vocational English teaching research on cultivating students' vocational core competencies%培养学生职业核心能力的高职英语教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋琳琳

    2016-01-01

    培养学生的职业核心能力是实现学生优质就业的重要途径,也是实现人的全面发展和终身发展的根本手段,关系到学生的前途和未来,改革高职英语教学与职业核心能力的培养是相互促进、相辅相成的。要将职业核心能力的培养和高职英语教学有机地结合起来,从而既能提高学习效率,又能提高学生的就业、创业能力,同时带动其他职业核心能力的提升。%The vocational core competence cultivation is an important way to achieve quality employment of students, and also the realization of the fundamental means of comprehensive development and lifelong development, which is related to student's future. College English teaching reform and vocational core competence training are inseparably interconnected. The combination of them can improve learning efficiency, employment ability, entrepreneurship ability, and promote the upgrading of other professional core competencies.

  20. Discussion on Cultivation of Vocational College Students' Intercultural Pragmatic Competence%论高职高专学生跨文化语用能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铮

    2013-01-01

    The level of vocational college students' intercultural pragmatic competence is not very high. They usually commit pragmatic failure in intercultural communication. According to the characteristics of vocational education, several suggestions are put forward in this essay.%  高职高专学生的跨文化语用能力不高,在跨文化交际中频频出现语用失误现象。在如何培养他们的跨文化语用能力方面,本文根据高职高专教育的特点,提出了几点建议。

  1. 基于国际交流的高职师资跨文化交际能力培养%On Vocational College Teachers’ Intercultural Communicative Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄益琴; 许国梁

    2014-01-01

    This paper defines the components of vocational college teachers’ crosscultural communicative competence in the international exchange and cooperation. It examines the current status of the faculty intercultural competence, thus suggesting that vocational college teachers’ communicative competence can be advanced through elevating their profiles in verbal and noverbal communication, western cultural knowledge, special learning in English, crosscultural empathy, innovative theories and culture shock settlement.%基于高职国际交流与合作的视角,界定了师资的跨文化交际能力及其构成要素,分析了师资跨文化交际能力的现状,继而指出了培养途径为:提升语言和非语言交际能力、提升西方文化知识水平、提升用英语构建的专业知识水平、提升跨文化移情能力学习、创新跨文化交际理论和提升化解文化冲突的能力等措施。

  2. Aerodynamic Drag Reduction Technologies Testing of Heavy-Duty Vocational Vehicles and a Dry Van Trailer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ragatz, Adam [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Thornton, Matthew [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-10-01

    This study focused on two accepted methods for quantifying the benefit of aerodynamic improvement technologies on vocational vehicles: the coastdown technique, and on-road constant speed fuel economy measurements. Both techniques have their advantages. Coastdown tests are conducted over a wide range in speed and allow the rolling resistance and aerodynamic components of road load force to be separated. This in turn allows for the change in road load and fuel economy to be estimated at any speed, as well as over transient cycles. The on-road fuel economy measurements only supply one lumped result, applicable at the specific test speed, but are a direct measurement of fuel usage and are therefore used in this study as a check on the observed coastdown results. Resulting coefficients were then used to populate a vehicle model and simulate expected annual fuel savings over real-world vocational drive cycles.

  3. A Study of Developing Occupational Competence in Business English of Higher Vocational Education%试论高职商务英语专业职业能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴芳

    2011-01-01

    高职商务英语职业能力是由专业能力、方法能力、社会能力构成的。构建高职商务英语专业的职业能力体系必须具备优质的师资、良好的课程设计、充足的校内外实训基地、合理的评估方法以及双证融通。%Occupational competence in Business English of Higher Vocational Education composes professional competence,methodological competence and social competence.The construction of occupational competence system in Business English of Higher Vocational Education can be based on qualified teachers,course design,on-and-outside campus practice training,assessment methods,course-certificate integration.

  4. Impact of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on Situational Judgement Test performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schripsema, Nienke R; van Trigt, Anke M; Borleffs, Jan C C; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke

    2017-05-01

    Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116). This choice was used as a proxy for vocational interest. In addition, all graduate-entry applicants for academic year 2015-2016 (n = 213) were included to examine the effect of previous academic experience on performance. We used MANCOVA analyses with Bonferroni post hoc multiple comparisons tests for applicant performance on a six-scenario SJT. The MANCOVA analyses showed that for all scenarios, the independent variables were significantly related to performance (Pillai's Trace: 0.02-0.47, p < .01). Vocational interest was related to performance on three scenarios (p < .01). Graduate-entry applicants outperformed all other groups on three scenarios (p < .01) and at least one other group on the other three scenarios (p < .01). Female applicants outperformed male applicants on three scenarios (p < .01) and age was positively related to performance on two scenarios (p < .05). A good fit between applicants' vocational interests and SJT scenario was related to better performance, as was previous academic experience. Gender and age were related to performance on SJT scenarios in different settings. Especially the first effect might be helpful in selecting appropriate candidates for areas of health care in which more professionals are needed.

  5. 76 FR 50164 - Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 72 and 75 RIN 2060-AQ06 Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency... Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing rule. EPA published in the Federal... Program (PGVP) and the minimum competency requirements for Air Emission Testing Bodies (AETBs), and...

  6. 英语翻转课堂促进幼师职业核心能力培养刍议%On the promotion of English flipped classroom in preschool educators’vocational core competences cultivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林学梅

    2016-01-01

    With the high-speed development of information technology and the advent of knowledge-based economy sci-oety,the cultivation of students'vocational core competences in higher vocational colleges is of greater importance. The college English training goals are highly unified to the demands of vocational core competences.With the combination of microlecture re-sources and flipped classroom to establish a new English teaching mode-microlecture based “English flipped classroom”,has positive effects on cultivating higher vocational preschool educators’vocational core competences.%高职院校对学生职业核心能力的培养随着信息技术的高速发展以及知识经济社会的到来而愈发重要。大学英语培养目标与职业核心能力的培养需求高度统一。文章结合微课资源和翻转课堂模式建立起的新型英语教学模式———基于微课的英语翻转课堂,对高职幼师职业核心能力的培养有着积极作用。

  7. 关于高职院校公共课教师胜任力模型的研究%Research on the competency model of public teachers of Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 王洋

    2013-01-01

    Through the establishment of the open class teachers in Sichuan Province vocational competency model, to launch investigations into the competency of public courses in Higher Vocational Colleges Teachers part of Sichuan Province, showed that the competency of Sichuan Province public teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges to better requirements.But has not reached the ideal state teachers' construction, the need to strengthen the training, improve the public education of Higher Vocational College Teachers' competency.%  通过建立四川省高职院校公开课教师胜任力模型,对四川省部分高职院校公共课教师开展胜任力情况的调查,表明四川省高职院校公共课教师胜任力基本达到较好的要求。但还没有达到师资建设的理想状态,需要加强各方面的培训,提高高职院校公共课教师胜任力。

  8. Challenges Of The Recognition Of Competences Acquired Informally And Non-Formally By Vocational Education And Training Teachers: Reflections Based On The EU’s Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Planas

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Vocational Education and Training (VET Teachers have usually had a characterized by complex and diversified learning process. A large number of VET teachers have mixed professional pathways – both teaching and working outside the educational system. This mixed experience is considered in the VET centres as a guarantee of better teaching, because the teachers are more familiar with working life. The socioeconomic networking activities of VET centres highlight the as social networking capacity. For this reason the recognition of competences acquired non-formally or informally by VET teachers takes a central place in the careers of VET teachers. Would it be useful to incorporate this mechanism of recognition in the “trans-national standards of teachers’ education for VET?” For several decades now there has been in the EU context a debate on the mechanisms for recognition of competences acquired non-formally or informally. The speaker intends to discuss the recognition of the competences acquired by VET teachers in non-formal and informal ways based on the experience of recognition of prior learning in the EU.

  9. Testing competing forms of the Milankovitch hypothesis: A multivariate approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Robert K.; Juselius, Katarina

    2016-02-01

    We test competing forms of the Milankovitch hypothesis by estimating the coefficients and diagnostic statistics for a cointegrated vector autoregressive model that includes 10 climate variables and four exogenous variables for solar insolation. The estimates are consistent with the physical mechanisms postulated to drive glacial cycles. They show that the climate variables are driven partly by solar insolation, determining the timing and magnitude of glaciations and terminations, and partly by internal feedback dynamics, pushing the climate variables away from equilibrium. We argue that the latter is consistent with a weak form of the Milankovitch hypothesis and that it should be restated as follows: internal climate dynamics impose perturbations on glacial cycles that are driven by solar insolation. Our results show that these perturbations are likely caused by slow adjustment between land ice volume and solar insolation. The estimated adjustment dynamics show that solar insolation affects an array of climate variables other than ice volume, each at a unique rate. This implies that previous efforts to test the strong form of the Milankovitch hypothesis by examining the relationship between solar insolation and a single climate variable are likely to suffer from omitted variable bias.

  10. Constitution and Development of Higher Vocational Counselors'Counseling Competence%高职辅导员心理辅导能力的构成及培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐娟

    2015-01-01

    Higher vocational counselors'counseling skills include communication ability,observa-tion ability,the ability to identify,problem solving skills,relationship building skills.The train-ing of counselors'counseling ability is the need of carrying on the students'mental health educa-tion,and also the need of promoting counselors'own mental health.Specific training methods de-pend on the counselors'own subjective effort,safeguards in higher vocational colleges,and the guidance and support of the competent department of education.%高职辅导员心理辅导能力包括沟通能力、观察能力、甄别能力、解决问题能力、辅导关系构建能力。培养辅导员的心理辅导能力是对学生进行心理健康教育的需要,也是促进辅导员自身心理健康的需要。具体培养途径有赖于辅导员自身的主观努力、高职院校的监督保障及教育主管部门的引导扶持。

  11. Empirical Analysis on the Factors Affecting the Entrepreneurial Competencies of Higher Vocational Students%高职学生创业能力影响因素实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖贻杰

    2015-01-01

    运用交叉分析等方法,从创业能力与个人因素、家庭因素、学校教育因素等的相关性角度对高职学生创业能力的影响因素进行分析,结果表明,不同性别的高职学生创业能力存在显著差异,高职学生的创业兴趣、创业认知、创业态度均与创业能力呈显著相关关系;家庭所在地、家庭人均年收入与高职学生创业能力的强弱存在显著关系;创业课程、创业培训、创业活动、创业氛围等都与高职学生创业能力的强弱存在显著关系。要提高创业能力,高职学生自身要提高创业认知、增强创业兴趣,家庭要支持学生创业并在力所能及的范围内给予学生经济帮助,高职院校要加强创业教育、营造创业氛围、加强创业教育教师队伍建设。%Through cross analysis and other methods, the influencing factors of higher vocational students’ entrepreneurial competencies are analyzed from the perspective of the relationship between entrepreneurial competencies and individual factors, family factors, school education factors, and The results showed that there were significant differences among the different gender of higher vocational students’ entrepreneurial competencies, that the students’ entrepreneurial interest, entrepreneurial cognition, entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial ability were significantly related, that family area, family per capita annual income and higher vocational students’ entrepreneurial competencies is significantly relatied, and that entrepreneurship courses, entrepreneurship training, entrepreneurship activity, entrepreneurial atmosphere and higher vocational students’ entrepreneurial competencies have a significant relationship. To this end, to improve the entrepreneurial competencies of higher vocational students, higher vocational students themselves should enhance the entrepreneurial awareness and entrepreneurial interest, the families of

  12. Research Note-Testing for Gerontological Competencies: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galambos, Colleen; Curl, Angela L.; Woodbury, Karen

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on the pilot delivery of an evaluation method to gauge student learning of gerontological competencies. Using a pretest and posttest design, data were collected on 46 students over 3 classes. Results indicated significant improvement in how students rated or perceived their competencies skill level between pretest and posttest…

  13. Exploration on the Training Model of Higher Vocational Students' Intercultural Communicative Competence%高职学生跨文化交际能力培养模式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴颖

    2014-01-01

    With the continuous deepening of economic globaliza-tion, higher vocational stu dents' intercultural communicative competence is increasingly important. Starting from the demand of intercultural communicative competence in higher vocational education, this paper analyzed the principles of its training, and further explored the multi-dimensional and three-dimensional training model of intercultural communicative competence.%随着经济全球化的不断深入,高职学生跨文化交际能力越发重要。本文从高职教育对跨文化交际能力的需求入手,分析了培养原则,深入探究了多维度、立体化的跨文化交际能力培养模式。

  14. Vocational Education Home Economics Education Teacher Handbook Grades 7-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for the competency-based secondary home economics curriculum in North Carolina. The guide is organized in two sections. The first section consists of an overview of the North Carolina Standard Course of Study and the competency-based curriculum. Information on…

  15. How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

    2009-01-01

    Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

  16. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS’ MEDIA COMPETENCE: TEST RESULTS ANALYSI

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Fedorov

    2011-01-01

    Ascertaining levels of media competence (development in the field of media culture) of students is based on the classification of indicators developed by the author. In accordance with this classification, audience is invited to a basic blocks of questions and tasks. The gargets are: to detect the levels of motivational indicators of audience’s media competence (genre, thematic, psychological, therapeutic, emotional, cognitive, moral, intellectual, creative and aesthetic reasons which the aud...

  17. Application of Computer Software to the Idaho Proficiency Math Test Competencies. A Unit of Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spadafore, Thomas Jeffrey

    The history of competency testing and legal issues related to it are reviewed briefly in light of the responsibility of school districts for providing remediation programs for students who have failed the test. The mathematics competencies of the state of Idaho are identified and keyed to four sets of readily available, secondary level Apple…

  18. Vocational High School Students’ Sense of Self-Efficacy and Test Anxiety Regarding Biology Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Serdar KÖKSAL

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Self-regulation perspective on motivation provides an important model to study on motivation in biologyeducation. Motivational part of the Pintrich’s model as one of the most studied models has self-efficacy andtest-anxiety factors as two dominant factors reflecting positive and negative sides of the model in terms ofnumber of relationship with other factors in the model. In the study, two hundred thirteen vocational highschool students were included and survey technique was used for examining the factors across grade level inthe study. Two subscales of MSLQ were applied to collect data. The data was analyzed by using MANOVAand Pearson-product moment correlation via SPSS 13. The results showed self-efficacy and test anxietyscores differed significantly between ninth and tenth graders. Again, they were correlated negatively at thesame levels.

  19. ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS’ MEDIA COMPETENCE: TEST RESULTS ANALYSI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Fedorov

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ascertaining levels of media competence (development in the field of media culture of students is based on the classification of indicators developed by the author. In accordance with this classification, audience is invited to a basic blocks of questions and tasks. The gargets are: to detect the levels of motivational indicators of audience’s media competence (genre, thematic, psychological, therapeutic, emotional, cognitive, moral, intellectual, creative and aesthetic reasons which the audience contact with media texts; to identify the level of the user / contact rate (frequency of contacts with various kinds of media, user skills in relation to the media; to identify the level of cognitive / information index (knowledge of terminology, history and theory of media culture of university students’ media competence.

  20. An Investigation on the Core Competence of Vocational College Students%高职院校学生核心能力的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙成正

    2015-01-01

    Core competence is the ability which can be sustainably developed accompanying human life.Comprehen-sive quality based on the core competence has become the main factor of enrollment and promotion in enterprises. When the graduates of the class of 2010 went back school to apply for graduation procedures,the author conducted a questionnaire survey on their understanding,mastering and training of core competence,as well as the relation of employment and core competence.The result shows that:some core competence,especially the mastering of some easy core competence,such as self-study ability,communication skills and so on,rely on the efforts of students themselves mainly,while the core competence uneasy to master should be trained in colleges,such as information processing capability,mathematics application ability,and so on.Most of students believe that the colleges should pay attention to the training of core competence,but with an unsatisfactory attitude for the current cultivation of col-leges.Therefore,colleges should promote the quality of campus cultural construction,put emphasis on the cultivation of humanistic qualities,change their teaching idea,so as to train the core competence of vocational college students.%核心能力是伴随人终生的可持续发展能力,以核心能力为主体的综合素质已经成为企事业单位录取、提升员工的主要考核因素。利用安徽财贸职业学院2010级毕业生返校办理毕业手续的机会,对学生核心能力的了解、掌握、培养及就业与核心能力的关系等问题进行了调查研究。结果显示:部分核心能力尤其是掌握较好的核心能力,如自我学习能力、与人交流能力等主要靠学生的自我努力来完成,而掌握不好的能力,如信息处理能力、数学应用能力等主要通过学院培养。大部分学生认为学院应重视培养核心能力,但对学院目前的培养状况不满意。因此,学院要提升校园文化

  1. The discussion of higher vocational logistics professional course cohesion system based on the position competency%基于岗位胜任力的中高职物流专业课程衔接体系探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海华

    2014-01-01

    With the development of social economy, for the application of talent should adhere to the principle of men, and post competency is the direct embodiment of the principle. Post competency is a unit or organization to distinguish the specific jobs and environment performance levels of personal characteristics, different professional post competency is the existence of differences. Based on post competency to build the effective cohesion and higher vocational technical secondary school is the important content of vocational education system, also is the key to improve the quality of vocational education. This article takes post competency theory as the guide, discusses the physics major in vocational curriculum mode, in order to give some reference to higher vocational logistics professional education, higher vocational logistics professional the good teaching effect.%随着社会经济的发展,对于人才的应用应坚持人尽其才原则,而岗位胜任力就是该原则的直接体现。岗位胜任力是某一个单位或者组织区分在特定职业岗位和环境下的绩效水平的个人特征,不同职业岗位的胜任力是存在差异的。基于岗位胜任力来建立中职和高职的有效衔接是职业教育体系的重要内容,也是提高职业教育质量的关键所在。本文通过以岗位胜任力理论作为指导,探讨中高职物理专业课程衔接方式,以期为中高职物流专业教育提供一定的参考,实现高职物流专业的良好教学效果。

  2. 基于职业能力的中高职课程体系衔接研究与实践%Vocational Curriculum System Based on the Convergence of Professional Competence Research and Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈幼芬

    2014-01-01

    构建基于职业能力渐进提升的中高职衔接一体化人才培养方案、中高职课程体系衔接和课程教学内容衔接,探索基于岗位职业能力递进培养的中高职衔接培养体系,建立中职学生的学历提升和技术技能提升的渠道,增强其的可持续发展能力,促进综合职业能力进一步提升。%Constructed based on the convergence of integrated vocational training plan gradual improvement of professional competence, the vocational curriculum system and teaching content convergence convergence, the ability to explore career progression based on job training in the vocational training system convergence, the establishment of vocational students academic upgrading and technical skills upgrading channels, enhance their capacity for sustainable development, and promote comprehensive vocational ability to further improve.

  3. Assessment of Students' Media Competence: Test Results Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Federov, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    Ascertaining levels of media competence (development in the field of media culture) of students is based on the classification of indicators developed by the author. In accordance with this classification, audience is invited to a basic blocks of questions and tasks. The targets are: to detect the levels of motivational indicators of audience's…

  4. Construction of Competency-based Vocational Education Student Assessment System%基于能力本位的高职教育学生考评体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊涛; 张永军

    2012-01-01

    Draw on the concept of the Australian vocational education competency based, by the competence evaluation of mechanisms professional student as an example, from building principles and concrete measures to try to build the student evaluation system compatible with the present stage of higher vocational education teaching, focusing on assessment and evaluation of students' ability.%借鉴澳大利亚能力本位职业教育理念,以机制专业学生能力考评为例,从构建原则和具体措施方面尝试构建与我国现阶段高职教育教学相适应的学生考评体系,注重学生能力考核与评价.

  5. 76 FR 50129 - Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Parts 72 and 75 RIN 2060-AQ06 Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency... Verification Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing final rule, which...

  6. Testing University Learners' Interlanguage Pragmatic Competence in a Chinese EFL Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Lan; Wannaruk, Anchalee

    2016-01-01

    Speech acts are the major concern of interlanguage pragmatists. The present study aimed to 1) examine the reliability and validity of an interlanguage pragmatic (ILP) competence test on speech acts in a Chinese EFL context, and 2) investigate EFL learners' variations of ILP competence by language proficiency. Altogether 390 students participated…

  7. From the Analysis of Work-Processes to Designing Competence-Based Occupational Standards and Vocational Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spöttl, Georg

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore methodological and institutional challenges on application of the work-process analysis approach in the design and development of competence-based occupational standards for Lithuania. Design/methodology/approach: The theoretical analysis is based on the review of scientific literature and the analysis of…

  8. Psychometric testing of an instrument measuring core competencies of nursing students: an application of Mokken scaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perng, Shoa-Jen; Watson, Roger

    2013-01-01

    Assessing the core competencies of nursing students provides information about students' learning outcomes for educational evaluation and improvement. The aim of this study was to develop the Nursing Students Core Competencies scale to measure 8 core competencies of nursing students in Taiwan. The study employed factor analysis and Mokken scaling analysis for psychometric testing of this instrument between a group of nursing graduates and their evaluators. The results indicated that the Nursing Students Core Competencies scale has demonstrated evidence of internal consistency, structural validity, unidimensionality, and a hierarchy of items for students' self-assessment and instructor's rating. The use of Mokken scaling analysis extends the knowledge of developing competence assessment tools; it can be used to reveal the domains or items of competency nursing students perceive that are easy or difficult, providing information for curricular design.

  9. Discussion about the Application of Competency-based Education in Higher Vocational English Teaching%能力本位教育在高职英语教学中的应用探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冰尧

    2016-01-01

    随着近年来我国教育不断改革与发展,教育界开始逐渐强调专业技能教育和能力本位教育,尤其是在高职教育中,更加注重对能力本位的教育。将能力本位教育应用到在高职英语教学过程中用,可以有效促进教师在教学模式和教学方法上进行不断创新,对传统教育模式进行突破、完善,从而达到有效提高高职英语教学质量的目的。%With the reform and development of education in our country in recent years, education begins to emphasize professional skills education and competency-based education, and schools especially pay more attention to the competency-based education in the process of higher vocational education. If teachers apply the competency-based education in the higher vocational English teaching, they can effectively promote the innovation of teaching mode and method and break through the traditional education mode, thus effectively improving the quality of higher vocational English teaching.

  10. Development and psychometric testing of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Fan-Ko; Chiang, Chun-Ying; Chen, Wei-Jen; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Huang, Hui-Man; Lin, Hung-Yen

    2014-08-01

    Suicide caring competence is important for family caregivers to care their relatives with suicidal tendencies. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan. A 20-item SCCS was tested on 165 family caregivers. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that five subscales with 19 items best fit the data. The Cronbach's α and test-retest reliability of the SCCS was 0.90 and 0.81, respectively. The SCCS demonstrated acceptable construct validity and reliability. Nurses can use the SCCS to assess the suicide caring competence of family caregivers.

  11. 福建省高等职业教育培养学生“关键能力”初探%An Inquiry into Fujian Province Higher Vocational Education to Training Students'Key Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨淑琴

    2012-01-01

      从关键能力基本内涵出发,以福建省福州市中小企业经理人为研究对象,从企业人才需求的观点来探讨福建高等职业教育培养学生“关键能力”的需求,提出如何培养福建省高等职业教育学生“关键能力”的建议。%  Based on the basic connotation of Key Competence, this article was about the inquiry into what Key Competence meant for managers in 51 medium-sized and small enterprises in Fuzhou, Fujian province. It was also a survey of the requirements they do to carry out Key Competence. It suggest us how to training the Key Competence in higher vocational education in Fujian.

  12. A Study of Regional Economic Development demand in Pearl River Delta and Vocational Competence Training of Higher Vocational Enlish%珠三角区域经济产业结构需求与高职英语职业能力培养体系对接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波娜

    2015-01-01

    本文基于珠三角经济产业结构下的高职英语职业能力培养与区域经济对接的必要性分析,从高职英语培养目标,课程内容设置,实践教学,双师型教师队伍和教学评价等方面,深入的探讨如何构建与珠三角区域产业结构需求对接的高职英语职业能力培养体系。%Based on the demand of regional economic development in Pearl River Delta and vocational competence training of Higher Vocational English, and from the perspective of training target, the setup of curriculum content, practical teaching, the construction of "double-type" teachers, and teaching evaluation. This purpose of this paper intends to how to construct vocational competence Training system of Higher Vocational English combining with the demand of regional economic development.

  13. Implicit theories of intelligence, perceived academic competence, and school achievement: testing alternative models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonida, Eleftheria; Kiosseoglou, Grigoris; Leondari, Angeliki

    2006-01-01

    In the present study 3 alternative causal models concerning the relationships between implicit theories of intelligence, perceived academic competence, and school achievement were tested. The direction of changes in implicit theories and perceived competence during early adolescence also was examined. A total of 187 fifth and sixth graders were tested and retested a year later, when they were sixth and seventh graders, respectively. Cross-lagged regression analyses indicated that school achievement determined the adoption of a particular implicit theory through the mediation of perceived competence. Implicit theories were found to change toward the adoption of more incremental beliefs and perceived academic competence declined; however, high achievers, as compared with their low- and middle-level classmates, adopted more incremental beliefs and had significantly higher perceived competence.

  14. Clinical utility of the Hopkins Competency Assessment Test on an inpatient geropsychiatry unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Kirsten M; Lund, Brian C; McAdams, Jimmie D; Yates, William R

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the clinical use of routine administration of the Hopkins Competency Assessment Test on an inpatient geropsychiatry unit. The purpose was to determine whether the Hopkins Competency Assessment Test results influenced the psychiatrist's capacity assessment or confidence in that determination. The test was administered to all patients admitted voluntarily during an 18-week period. The attending psychiatrist determined treatment consent capacity and rated confidence in that determination, before and after review of the test results. Fifty seven patients were assessed. After review of the test results, the psychiatrist's capacity rating changed in only 2 (3.5%) cases. However, the test increased the psychiatrist's confidence ratings, particularly among the patients with cognitive impairment. The Hopkins Competency Assessment Test is not suited for routine administration among geropsychiatry inpatients. However, the test may serve a role as a supplementary tool for assessing treatment consent capacity among patients with evidence of cognitive impairment.

  15. Vocational Education Thoughts of Zhang Jian, Huang Yanpei and Tao Xingzhi and Their Inspirations to the Cultivation of Career Competence of Higher Vocational College Students%张謇、黄炎培、陶行知职教思想与高职生职业素质的培育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程莉

    2012-01-01

    从张謇、黄炎培和陶行知三位教育家关于职业素质的阐释出发,提出了培育高职生职业素质必须立德为纲、敬业为基、实践为本的观点。%Based on an introduction to career competence defined respectively by Zhang Jian,Huang Yanpei and Tao Xingzhi,three famous educators in modern China,the paper suggests that cultivating career competence of higher vocational college students should be practice-oriented,and be based upon moral fostering and professional dedication.

  16. LOGICAL CONDITIONS ANALYSIS METHOD FOR DIAGNOSTIC TEST RESULTS DECODING APPLIED TO COMPETENCE ELEMENTS PROFICIENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Freyman

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Subject of Research.Representation features of education results for competence-based educational programs are analyzed. Solution importance of decoding and proficiency estimation for elements and components of discipline parts of competences is shown. The purpose and objectives of research are formulated. Methods. The paper deals with methods of mathematical logic, Boolean algebra, and parametrical analysis of complex diagnostic test results, that controls proficiency of some discipline competence elements. Results. The method of logical conditions analysis is created. It will give the possibility to formulate logical conditions for proficiency determination of each discipline competence element, controlled by complex diagnostic test. Normalized test result is divided into noncrossing zones; a logical condition about controlled elements proficiency is formulated for each of them. Summarized characteristics for test result zones are imposed. An example of logical conditions forming for diagnostic test with preset features is provided. Practical Relevance. The proposed method of logical conditions analysis is applied in the decoding algorithm of proficiency test diagnosis for discipline competence elements. It will give the possibility to automate the search procedure for elements with insufficient proficiency, and is also usable for estimation of education results of a discipline or a component of competence-based educational program.

  17. Competency-based Vocational College Skilled Creative Talents Cultivation Countermeasures%基于胜任力的高职院校技能型创新人才培养对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇强

    2012-01-01

    胜任力理论作为对人力资源评价的新型工具,在各类人才测评和培养中已得到广泛应用。本文在分析了技能型创新人才内涵基础上,从胜任力、胜任力模型等基本理论入手,对高职院校技能型创新人才培养存在的问题予以分析,提出了基于胜任力的高职院校技能型创新人才培养对策。%Competency theory as a new tool for the evaluation of human resources, has been widely used in all kinds of talent evaluation and culture. On the foundation of the creative talents of skilled connotation, starting from the basic theory of competency, competency model to analyze the problem exists on the the vocational colleges skilled innovative talents, proposed competency-based vocational colleges skilled innovative talent cultivation countermeasures.

  18. The Development of Vocational Teaching Staff:Based on Professional Competence%浅论职业能力导向下的高职师资队伍建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚亚力

    2015-01-01

    The establishment of vocational teaching staff with strong professional capacity,method ability and so-cial skills is a crucial factor for improving the quality of teaching of higher vocational education and meeting social-economic demands for talents.Taking connotation of professional capacity of vocational teaching staff as the start-ing point,this paper conducts a deep analysis of current situations of the development of vocational academic staff. It is concluded that three methods will help build up a highly -qualified vocational academic staff team:firstly,to establish the vocational teaching staff training system,part -time teachers management system,and highly -quali-fied vocational teaching staff recruitment system;secondly,to create a good working environment of promoting voca-tional skills and foster cultural atmosphere which emphasizes skills competitions to promote training;thirdly,to im-prove the integration of teaching and research,develop an excellent academic team including teaching,research and social service staff,and also deepen school -enterprise cooperation to promote the development of professional competence of teachers.%建设一支专业能力、方法能力和社会能力过硬的高职院校师资队伍,是提高高等职业教育教学质量和满足社会经济发展对人才需求的关键。以高职院校教师职业能力的内涵为切入点,对当前高职院校师资队伍建设的现状进行深入分析,通过建立高职教师培训培养机制、兼职教师管理制度和高职教师人才引进机制;创建提升职业能力的良好工作环境、营造参与技能竞赛的文化氛围;强化教学科研融合、创建教学、科研、社会服务的优秀教师团队以及深化校企合作促进教师职业能力发展的三大举措,提升高职院校师资队伍建设水平。

  19. Achievement Goals as Mediators of the Relationship between Competence Beliefs and Test Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putwain, David W.; Symes, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    Background: Previous work suggests that the expectation of failure is related to higher test anxiety and achievement goals grounded in a fear of failure. Aim: To test the hypothesis, based on the work of Elliot and Pekrun (2007), that the relationship between perceived competence and test anxiety is mediated by achievement goal orientations.…

  20. Promoting STI testing among senior vocational students in Rotterdam, the Netherlands: effects of a cluster randomized study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfers Mireille

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Adolescents are a risk group for acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs. In the Netherlands, senior vocational school students are particular at risk. However, STI test rates among adolescents are low and interventions that promote testing are scarce. To enhance voluntary STI testing, an intervention was designed and evaluated in senior vocational schools. The intervention combined classroom health education with sexual health services at the school site. The purpose of this study was to assess the combined and single effects on STI testing of health education and school-based sexual health services. Methods In a cluster-randomized study the intervention was evaluated in 24 schools, using three experimental conditions: 1 health education, 2 sexual health services; 3 both components; and a control group. STI testing was assessed by self reported behavior and registrations at regional sexual health services. Follow-up measurements were performed at 1, 3, and 6-9 months. Of 1302 students present at baseline, 739 (57% completed at least 1 follow-up measurement, of these students 472 (64% were sexually experienced, and considered to be susceptible for the intervention. Multi-level analyses were conducted. To perform analyses according to the principle of intention-to-treat, missing observations at follow-up on the outcome measure were imputed with multiple imputation techniques. Results were compared with the complete cases analysis. Results Sexually experienced students that received the combined intervention of health education and sexual health services reported more STI testing (29% than students in the control group (4% (OR = 4.3, p Conclusions Despite a low dose of intervention that was received by the students and a high attrition, we were able to show an intervention effect among sexually experienced students on STI testing. This study confirmed our hypothesis that offering health education to vocational students

  1. GRAMMATICAL MISTAKES IN RELATION TO ENGLISH COMPETENCY TEST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ayu Gde Sosiowati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The research aims at finding out the freshmen’s ability on English grammar. This is very important activity so that the English department knows their level of ability so that the teaching materials can be determined. The test is about structure, taken from TOEFL. The theory used is the theory English Language Teaching, especially Testing by Harmer (2001, in which the test is used as diagnostic test. The result of the test will provide the information about three crucial points on grammar that must be developed. This will help the related teacher to decide what items should be taught so that by the end of the semester, at least most of the students can reach the level of Intermediate, that is the level in which the students are capable of doing conversations on routines, u nderstanding lectures, understanding English TV programs (http://www.embassyenglish.com/student-life/yourlevel-of-english cited on 19 January 2015.

  2. 高职学生核心能力的培养研究与实践%Research and Practice on the Cultivation of Higher Vocational Students' Core Competence of Occupation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠杰

    2014-01-01

    高职院校肩负着培养高等技术应用型人才的根本任务,高素质高技能是对高职人才的基本要求。其中,职业核心能力的培养是一个重要方面,文章在明确核心能力含义的基础上,结合本院实际做法,提出了培养职业核心能力的方法和途径。%Higher vocational colleges shoulder the fundamental task of cultivating talents in advanced technology application. High skill is the basic requirement for higher vocational students. The cultivation of core competence of occupation is an important aspect. Based on the explicit meaning of core competence, combined with the actual practice of our college, this paper puts forward some methods and ways to cultivate the core competence of the occupation.

  3. Testing Intercultural Competence in (International) English: Some Basic Questions and Suggested Answers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camerer, Rudi

    2014-01-01

    The testing of intercultural competence has long been regarded as the field of psychometric test procedures, which claim to analyse an individual's personality by specifying and quantifying personality traits with the help of self-answer questionnaires and the statistical evaluation of these. The underlying assumption is that what is analysed and…

  4. Validation of a Standardized Multiple-Choice Multicultural Competence Test: Implications for Training, Assessment, and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillem, Angela R.; Bartoli, Eleonora; Bertsch, Kristin N.; McCarthy, Maureen A.; Constant, Kerra; Marrero-Meisky, Sheila; Robbins, Steven J.; Bellamy, Scarlett

    2016-01-01

    The Multicultural Counseling and Psychotherapy Test (MCPT), a measure of multicultural counseling competence (MCC), was validated in 2 phases. In Phase 1, the authors administered 451 test items derived from multicultural guidelines in counseling and psychology to 32 multicultural experts and 30 nonexperts. In Phase 2, the authors administered the…

  5. Competence of Testing and Calibrating Laboratories, Procedure to Facilitate the Process.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonne Jacqueline Valdés Peña

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available As an investigation in the field of Laboratories competence, the proposal of a an evaluation procedure and another one to facilitate the competence process of calibrating and testing labs, permitted to identify the main causes that influence on this process using basic quality tools such as: brain storming, cause-effect diagram, Pareto diagram and surveys. The result of one stratific pattern for organism compiled the 94 % of the laboratories surveyed it is showed the need of focussing the efforts on the categories: Personnel, managers´ training about the standards for competence, selection of responsible quality personnel, training of lab technicians; Methods, home auditing Program and documented procedures that assure the quality results. Based on these causes are stated the reasons that create the basis to Laboratories competence in Sancti Spíritus, that until this moment is missing a methodological instrument to face this process.

  6. Testing the Validity of Some Theoretical Signs of Vocational Decision-Making Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    1975-01-01

    The validity of some theoretically derived vocational diagnostic signs was examined to learn if a person's self-knowledge, occupational knowledge, and decision-making ability were predictable. The positive results imply some practical applications and the need for further theoretical investigation. (Author)

  7. A Test of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities and Work Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Palmer, Eric J.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the validity of J. L. Holland's (1997) theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National Association of School Psychologists, each of whom completed a demographic data form, the Self-Directed Search-Revised (SDS-R; J. L. Holland, 1994) and a…

  8. A Test of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities and Work Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Palmer, Eric J.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the validity of J. L. Holland's (1997) theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National Association of School Psychologists, each of whom completed a demographic data form, the Self-Directed Search-Revised (SDS-R; J. L. Holland, 1994) and a…

  9. Testing of a measurement model for baccalaureate nursing students' self-evaluation of core competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

    2009-11-01

    Testing of a measurement model for baccalaureate nursing students' self-evaluation of core competencies. This paper is a report of a study to test the psychometric properties of the Self-Evaluated Core Competencies Scale for baccalaureate nursing students. Baccalaureate nursing students receive basic nursing education and continue to build competency in practice settings after graduation. Nursing students today face great challenges. Society demands analytic, critical, reflective and transformative attitudes from graduates. It also demands that institutions of higher education take the responsibility to encourage students, through academic work, to acquire knowledge and skills that meet the needs of the modern workplace, which favours highly skilled and qualified workers. A survey of 802 senior nursing students in their last semester at college or university was conducted in Taiwan in 2007 using the Self-Evaluated Core Competencies Scale. Half of the participants were randomly assigned either to principal components analysis with varimax rotation or confirmatory factor analysis. Principal components analysis revealed two components of core competencies that were named as humanity/responsibility and cognitive/performance. The initial model of confirmatory factor analysis was then converged to an acceptable solution but did not show a good fit; however, the final model of confirmatory factor analysis was converged to an acceptable solution with acceptable fit. The final model has two components, namely humanity/responsibility and cognitive/performance. Both components have four indicators. In addition, six indicators have their correlated measurement errors. Self-Evaluated Core Competencies Scale could be used to assess the core competencies of undergraduate nursing students. In addition, it should be used as a teaching guide to increase students' competencies to ensure quality patient care in hospitals.

  10. Talk about the selection and assessment of vocational college student cadres from the perspective of competence%从胜任力特征角度谈高职院校学生干部的选拔与考核

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘寅伯

    2014-01-01

    Research on competency began in the seventy's of last century, focused on the research and practice mainly concentrated in the enterprise, provides the theory support for the development of decision, the protection of corporate human resources. In recent years, the domestic scholars will introduce into the research of the competency of students cadres in colleges and universities and the establishment of the college student cadres competency model. Higher vocational college as an important part of higher education, the student management work in colleges and universities are different. This article launches the discussion about the selection and assessment process of higher vocational colleges student cadre from competency perspective, in order to work for the students in higher vocational colleges, to train the students' cadres especially bring new perspective, to provide new ideas for the future development of student affairs in higher vocational colleges.%关于胜任力特征的研究始于上世纪七十年代,研究与实践的重点主要集中在企业当中,为企业的发展决策、人力资源保障提供理论支持。近年来,国内学者将胜任力特征引入高校学生干部队伍建设研究中并建立了普通高等院校学生干部胜任力特征模型。高职院校作为高等教育的重要环节,学生管理工作的开展与普通高校存在差异性。本文从胜任力特征角度展开关于高职院校学生干部选拔与考核过程的讨论,以期为高职院校学生工作尤其是学生干部的培养带来新的视角,为今后高职院校学生工作的开展提供新的思路。

  11. A Competency Model for Process Dynamics and Control and Its Use for Test Construction at University Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskinen, Päivi H.; Steimel, Jochen; Gräfe, Linda; Engell, Sebastian; Frey, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    This study examined students' competencies in engineering education at the university level. First, we developed a competency model in one specific field of engineering: process dynamics and control. Then, the theoretical model was used as a frame to construct test items to measure students' competencies comprehensively. In the empirical…

  12. Army Enlisted Personnel Competency Assessment Program: Phase III Pilot Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    Their contributions and active input played a significant role in the production of the final product and they share credit for the outcome. Of...Chain of Command 2 1 1 1 50% 100% Troop Leading Procedures 2 1 1 0 50% 0% Risk Management 2 1 1 1 50% 100% Principles of Discipline 2 1 2 1 100% 100...will make it easier to embed new items into an operational test to collect the necessary pilot data. Finally, we used a relatively unsystematic

  13. A Comparison Study of Students’ Performance in Pre and Post Result of A Mathematics Competency Test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khashi’ie Najiyah Safwa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to compare the performance of Engineering Technology (ET students’ in a Pre and Post Mathematics Competency Test during their first year of study at the Faculty of Engineering Technology (FTK, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM. This article also aims to examine the student’s understanding in the area of Mathematics, particularly in Algebra, Trigonometry and Functions. A total of 176 first year students from the Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology (JTKM were chosen to answer the Mathematics Competency Test. The pre-test was held in the first week of the semester, while the post-test was held during the second semester. The results showed that the students’ performance in post-test was better compared to that pre-test. However, statistical analysis on students’ performance by each question showed that most of the students did not understand the basic concepts in Algebra, Trigonometry and Functions.

  14. Testing competing measures of profitability for mobile resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrette, Maryse; Wu, Gi-Mick; Brodeur, Jacques; Giraldeau, Luc-Alain; Boivin, Guy

    2009-01-01

    Optimal diet theory often fails to predict a forager's diet choice when prey are mobile. Because they escape or defend themselves, mobile prey are likely to increase the forager's handling time, thereby decreasing its fitness gain rate. Many animals have been shown to select their prey so as to maximize either their fitness gain or their fitness gain rate. However, no study has yet compared directly these two measures of profitability by generating testable predictions about the choice of the forager. Under laboratory conditions, we compared these two measures of profitability, using the aphid parasitoid Aphidius colemani and its host, Myzus persicae. Fitness gain was calculated for parasitoids developing in each host instar by measuring life-history traits such as developmental time, sex ratio and fecundity. Fitness gain rate was estimated by dividing fitness gain by handling time, the time required to subdue the host. Fourth instar aphids provided the best fitness gain to parasitoids, whereas second instar aphids were the most profitable in terms of fitness gain rate. Host choice tests showed that A. colemani females preferred second instar hosts, suggesting that their decision maximizes fitness gain rate over fitness gain. Our results indicate that fitness gain rate is a reliable predictor of animal's choice for foragers exploiting resources that impose additional time cost due to their mobility.

  15. Policy Studies: Teacher Competency Assessment and R&D Needs in Educational Testing and Evaluation. Research into Practice Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Eva; Herman, Joan

    This report summarizes the results of two educational policy studies: (1) an analysis of current problems in teacher competency testing; and (2) an exploration of educational testing and evaluation research and development needs. In the first study, information on teacher competency testing was gathered from a literature review and meetings with…

  16. CB language competences testing methods in the class of tourism management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Hmoudova Dagmar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Computer-based testing is a method of administering tests in which the responses are electronically recorded, assessed, or preferably both. The assessment is a testing tool which checks student´s knowledge, measures their progress and gathers information from students. The most important attributes to consider when creating an assessment in computerbased environment is threefold; the structure and types of questions included, deployment and setting options, and grading assessments and availability of multiple attempts. The paper focuses on computer-based testing methods applied in online English language course of Tourism Management in the Blackboard LMS. The aim of the presented paper is to monitor and assess the bachelor students´ proficiency of key language competences progress. The key language competences defined by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR are tested with a special view on students´ individual learning styles.

  17. Vocational Choices of Men and Women: A Comparison of Predictors from the SDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    Several predictors of occupational choice derived from a theory of careers (Holland, 1973) were examined. Hypotheses that a person's competencies, activities, self-estimates, interests, and vocational choices can be organized by a six-category typology to understand and predict subsequent choice were tested. Samples of 894 men and 989 women took…

  18. Assortative mating after divorce : a test of two competing hypotheses using marginal models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gelissen, J.P.T.M.

    2004-01-01

    We analyze data from 927 remarried men and women to examine the association between spouses' educational attainment, social class, and age in their first and current union. Applying marginal homogeneity models, we test two competing hypotheses: current unions of remarried people are more homogamous

  19. Preparedness for Tertiary Chemistry: Multiple Applications of the Chemistry Competence Test for Diagnostic and Prediction Purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potgieter, Marietjie; Davidowitz, Bette

    2011-01-01

    The development of the Chemistry Competence Test was prompted by the extensive curriculum changes in the South African school system after democracy was established in 1994. As chemists, we were concerned that there might be a lack of articulation between secondary and tertiary levels, since we anticipated that curriculum changes would have an…

  20. Construct Validation of Bachman and Palmer's (1996) Strategic Competence Model over Time in EFL Reading Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phakiti, Aek

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on a large-scale study that aims to validate the theory of strategic competence proposed by Bachman and Palmer (1996) through the use of structural equation modeling (SEM). The present study examines the relationship of test-takers' long-term strategic knowledge (i.e., trait strategies) and actual strategy use (i.e., state…

  1. Detecting and Correcting for Rater-Induced Differences in Standardized Patient Tests of Clinical Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrahamowicz, Michal; And Others

    1990-01-01

    In standardized patient-based tests of clinical competence, patients are used to present the clinical problem and to rate the actions taken by the student. This approach is evaluated by a microanalysis of 1 case used in a fourth year clinical examination of 98 medical students at the University of Manitoba. (MLW)

  2. Review Sessions and Results: Competency Testing in the Capstone Business Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parente, Diane H.; Brown, Randy C.; Warner, Alfred G.

    2005-01-01

    Capstone is defined in the dictionary as "putting the final stone in place." Business Policy or Strategic Management is typically the capstone class in a business management degree program. As such, there are prerequisite requirements in terms of courses and specific knowledge. We have implemented a competency test for the capstone class and…

  3. 76 FR 20536 - Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY 40 CFR Part 75 RIN 2060-AQ06 Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing Correction In rule document 2011-6216 appearing on pages 17288-17325 in...

  4. Testing a Model of Undergraduate Competence in Employability Skills and Its Implications for Stakeholders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Denise

    2014-01-01

    Despite the development of employability skills being firmly entrenched in higher education's strategic agenda worldwide; recent graduates' standards in certain skills are not meeting industry expectations. This paper presents and tests a model of undergraduate competence in employability skills. It highlights those factors which impact on…

  5. Testing a Model of Undergraduate Competence in Employability Skills and Its Implications for Stakeholders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Denise

    2014-01-01

    Despite the development of employability skills being firmly entrenched in higher education's strategic agenda worldwide; recent graduates' standards in certain skills are not meeting industry expectations. This paper presents and tests a model of undergraduate competence in employability skills. It highlights those factors which impact…

  6. Lawyers and Courts as Architects of Educational Policy: The Case of Minimal Competence Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Jon E.; Glass, Gene V.

    1979-01-01

    The authors critique legal arguments which have been used by attorneys, especially Merle S. McClung of the Center for Law and Education, in opposing minimum competency testing programs in the schools. The arguments mainly concern the 14th Amendment, racial discrimination, and the denial of due process. (SJL)

  7. 基于岗位群的高职商务英语专业职业素养提升%Professional Competence Improvement for Higher Vocational Business English Majors Based on Job Group Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭明霞

    2013-01-01

    A higher vocational education aims at cultivating higher skill talents, who are not only of high skills but also of high quality and higher competence. Business English Specialty of higher vocational college should be clearly aware of job requirements, and improves students’professional competence through reform on course teaching, skills training, out-class activities and specialty culture construction, and assessment.%  高职教育培养的是高端技能型人才,这里所指的“高端”不仅仅是高的技术与技能,还包括高素质、高素养等重要内涵。高职商务英语专业应该明确岗位群职业素养要求,从日常课程教学、项目实训、第二课堂、专业文化建设、考评方法改革等方面全面提升学生的综合职业素养。

  8. 高职高专物流管理专业职业核心能力培养的探索%Exploration on the Training of Professional Core Competence of Logistics Management in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昊平; 李选芒

    2011-01-01

    With the development of economic society and vocational education, strengthening the training of professional core competence for higher vocational students has become more and more important. Logistics management profession should be employment-oriented, and the core of whichis the training of professional core competence, strengthen the practicality, openness and occupation of teaching links, and conveys high-quality skilled talents with "fine operation, being able to management, understanding business" who meet the needs of social development for logistics industry.%随着经济社会和职业教育的发展,高职学生加强职业核心能力的培养已显得越来越重要.物流管理专业以就业为导向、职业核心能力培养为核心,加强教学环节的实践性、开放性和职业性,为物流行业输送符合社会发展需要的"精操作、能管理、懂经营"高素质技能型人才.

  9. 高职商务英语专业学生跨文化交际能力的培养研究%The Study on the Business English Majors'Intercultural Communication Competence in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶春玲

    2016-01-01

    Intercultural communication competence (ICC)has become increasingly important.According the higher vocational business English syllabus needs,more attention should be paid to the development of the students'ICC.Based on the analysis of the significance intercultural communication,the author pust forward strategies and the approaches according to competence and difficulties in developing the students'ICC in higher vocational business English learning.%跨文化交际能力是高职商务英语教学大纲中重要的内容,本文对高职商务英语学习中培养学生跨文化交际能力的意义和面临的困难进行了分析,并基于此,探讨了高职商务英语专业学生跨文化交际意识的培养策略及方法。

  10. Assessment of Advanced Life Support competence when combining different test methods--reliability and validity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, C; Lippert, F; Hesselfeldt, R

    2007-01-01

    Summary Robust assessment of Advanced Life Support (ALS) competence is paramount to the credibility of ALS-provider certification and for estimating the learning outcome and retention of ALS competence following the courses. The Euro- pean Resuscitation Council (ERC) provides two sets of MCQs and...... Correlation Coefficients between 0.766 and 0.977. Inter-rater agreements on pass/fail decisions were not perfect. The one MCQ test was significantly more difficult than the other. There were no significant differences between CASTests....

  11. Competency-based classification of COMLEX-USA cognitive examination test items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langenau, Erik; Pugliano, Gina; Roberts, William

    2011-06-01

    The Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) currently assesses osteopathic medical knowledge via a series of 3 progressive cognitive examinations and 1 clinical skills assessment. In 2009, the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners created the Fundamental Osteopathic Medical Competencies (FOMC) document to outline the essential competencies required for the practice of osteopathic medicine. To measure the distribution and extent to which cognitive examination items of the current series of COMLEX-USA assess knowledge of each of the medical competencies included in the FOMC document. Eight graduate medical education panelists with expertise in competency-based assessment reviewed 1046 multiple-choice examination items extracted from the 3 COMLEX-USA cognitive examinations (Level 1, Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation, and Level 3) used during the 2008-2009 testing cycle. The 8 panelists individually judged each item to classify it as 1 of the 6 fundamental osteopathic medical competencies described in the FOMC document. Panelists made 8368 judgments. The majority of the sample examination items were classified as either patient care (3343 [40%]) or medical knowledge (4236 [51%]). Panelists also reported these 2 competencies as being the easiest to define, teach, and assess. The frequency of medical knowledge examination items decreased throughout the COMLEX-USA series (69%, 43%, 40%); conversely, items classified as interpersonal and communication skills, systems-based practice, practice-based learning and improvement, and professionalism increased throughout the 3-examination series. Results indicate that knowledge of each of the 6 competencies is being assessed to some extent with the current COMLEX-USA format. These findings provide direction for the enhancement of existing examinations and development of new assessment tools.

  12. Criterion-Referenced Test (CRT) Items for Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Diane, Ed.

    These criterion-referenced test (CRT) items for air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration are keyed to the Missouri Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Competency Profile. The items are designed to work with both the Vocational Instructional Management System and Vocational Administrative Management System. For word processing and…

  13. Possibilities of the ErgoScope high fidelity work simulator in skill assessment, skill development and vocational aptitude tests of physically disabled persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izsó, Lajos; Székely, Ildikó; Dános, László

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper - based on the extensive experiences of the authors gained by using one particular work simulator - is to present some promising possibilities of the application of this (and any other similar) work simulator in the field of skill assessment, skill development and vocational aptitude tests of physically disabled persons. During skill assessment and development, as parts of the therapy, the focus is on the disabled functions. During vocational aptitude tests, however, the focus is already on the functions that remained intact and therefore can be the basis of returning to work. Some factual examples are provided to realize the proposed possibilities in practice.

  14. On the Development of Teacher Competence Standards of Electronic Technology Majors in Secondary Vocation Schools---A Research Based on the Development Mode of IBSTPI Teacher Competency Standards%论中职电子技术类专业教师能力标准的开发--一项基于IBSTPI教师能力标准开发模式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    计宏炜

    2015-01-01

    The electronic technology is one of key development directions of vocational schools in recent years .So, the development of professional teacher competency standards and its logical thinking is very important .By a theo-retical analysis of teacher competency standards , the author believes that the competence structure of this major should be a competence system based on the improvement of universal and academic competence of students and taking vocational competence as its core .The paper combines with the development mode of abroad IBSTPI teacher competency standards ,constructs the framework of teaching competency standards for Electronic Technology majors .%电子技术是近些年来中职学校发展的重点方向之一,制定该专业教师能力标准和开发的逻辑思路显得尤为重要。通过对教师能力标准开发进行理论分析认为,该专业的能力结构应当是以提高学生普适性能力和学科能力为基础、职业能力为核心的能力体系。结合国外IBSTPI教师能力标准开发模式,构建了电子技术类专业的教师教学能力标准框架。

  15. 计算机类专业高职学生职业能力提升策略研究%Research on the Strategies to Enhance Professional Competence for Vocational School Students Majoring in Computer Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑丹青

    2014-01-01

    运用《霍兰德职业倾向测验量表》,对高职院校计算机类专业学生调查分析表明学生的职业倾向主要是社会型、艺术型和企业型。因此,针对高职院校学生职业倾向和个性特征,提出根据学生的个性特征,结合专业特性,增加拓展知识领域的课程,实施分阶段分层次的教学模式,并在教学中,开展个性化教学,关注对学生进行职业引导。%The "Holland vocational aptitude test scale" survey on vocational school students majoring in computer science showed that students' career tendencies are mainly social, artistic and business oriented. A phased, hierarchical teaching model is proposed based on student’s vocational orientation and personality traits. The model is tailored to different majors and different student professional orientation, with additional courses to broaden knowledge base. The model emphasizes individualized teach-ing with a purpose to provide students with vocational guidance.

  16. Relationship between Reading Proficiency, Strategic Competence, and Reading Comprehension Test Performance: A Study of Iranian EFL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghafournia, Narjes; Afghari, Akbar

    2013-01-01

    The study scrutinized the interaction between reading proficiency and strategic competence via reading comprehension test performance of Iranian EFL learners. The further concern was to scrutinize the extent to which strategic competence affected the participants' test performance. The participants were 506 postgraduate students who took a reading…

  17. 高职图书馆馆员资源管理研究--基于胜任力视角%Research on the Librarian Resource Management in the Library of Higher Vocational College---Based on the Perspective of Competence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈美娟

    2015-01-01

    从胜任力视角进行高职图书馆馆员资源管理,有利于提高馆员工作效率,提升高职图书馆核心竞争力。基于胜任力视角构建了高职图书馆馆员资源管理系统,提出了系统的构建方法与实施步骤。%Complementing the librarian resource management in the library of higher vocational college library from the perspective of competency is beneficial to improving librarian’s working efficiency and enhancing the core competitiveness of the library of higher vocational college. Based on the perspective of competency, this paper establishes a librarian resource management system in the library of higher vocational college, and puts forward the methods and implementation steps for establishing the system.

  18. The Structure of Vocational Interests in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iliescu, Dragos; Ispas, Dan; Ilie, Alexandra; Ion, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Using data provided by the Self-Directed Search (SDS) on a sample of 1,519 participants comprising 3 subsamples containing high school students, university students, and working adults, the authors examine the structure of vocational interests in Romania. Three competing structural models of vocational interests (Holland's circumplex model and…

  19. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  20. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  1. Feasibility of an Assessment Tool for Children's Competence to Consent to Predictive Genetic Testing: a Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Irma M; Troost, Pieter W; Lindeboom, Robert; Christiaans, Imke; Grisso, Thomas; van Goudoever, Johannes B; Lindauer, Ramón J L

    2015-12-01

    Knowledge on children's capacities to consent to medical treatment is limited. Also, age limits for asking children's consent vary considerably between countries. Decision-making on predictive genetic testing (PGT) is especially complicated, considering the ongoing ethical debate. In order to examine just age limits for alleged competence to consent in children, we evaluated feasibility of a standardized assessment tool, and investigated cutoff ages for children's competence to consent to PGT. We performed a pilot study, including 17 pediatric outpatients between 6 and 18 years at risk for an autosomal dominantly inherited cardiac disease, eligible for predictive genetic testing. The reference standard for competence was established by experts trained in the relevant criteria for competent decision-making. The MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) served as index test. Data analysis included raw agreement between competence classifications, difference in mean ages between children judged competent and judged incompetent, and estimation of cutoff ages for judgments of competence. Twelve (71 %) children were considered competent by the reference standard, and 16 (94 %) by the MacCAT-T, with an overall agreement of 76 %. The expert judgments disagreed in most cases, while the MacCAT-T judgments agreed in 65 %. Mean age of children judged incompetent was 9.3 years and of children judged competent 12.1 years (p = .035). With 90 % sensitivity, children younger than 10.0 years were judged incompetent, with 90 % specificity children older than 11.8 years were judged competent. Feasibility of the MacCAT-T in children is confirmed. Initial findings on age cutoffs are indicative for children between the age of 12 and 18 to be judged competent for involvement in the informed consent process. Future research on appropriate age-limits for children's alleged competence to consent is needed.

  2. A new scale for disaster nursing core competencies: Development and psychometric testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Thobaity, Abdulellah; Williams, Brett; Plummer, Virginia

    2016-02-01

    All nurses must have core competencies in preparing for, responding to and recovering from a disaster. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), as in many other countries, disaster nursing core competencies are not fully understood and lack reliable, validated tools. Thus, it is imperative to develop a scale for exploring disaster nursing core competencies, roles and barriers in the KSA. This study's objective is to develop a valid, reliable scale that identifies and explores core competencies of disaster nursing, nurses' roles in disaster management and barriers to developing disaster nursing in the KSA. This study developed a new scale testing its validity and reliability. A principal component analysis (PCA) was used to develop and test psychometric properties of the new scale. The PCA used a purposive sample of nurses from emergency departments in two hospitals in the KSA. Participants rated 93 paper-based, self-report questionnaire items from 1 to 10 on a Likert scale. PCA using Varimax rotation was conducted to explore factors emerging from responses. The study's participants were 132 nurses (66% response rate). PCA of the 93 questionnaire items revealed 49 redundant items (which were deleted) and 3 factors with eigenvalues of >1. The remaining 44 items accounted for 77.3% of the total variance. The overall Cronbach's alpha was 0.96 for all factors: 0.98 for Factor 1, 0.92 for Factor 2 and 0.86 for Factor 3. This study provided a validated, reliable scale for exploring nurses' core competencies, nurses' roles and barriers to developing disaster nursing in the KSA. The new scale has many implications, such as for improving education, planning and curricula. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Energy and Power--Math. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

    A curriculum alignment chart is presented that translates mathematics goals/indicators into related vocational skills for the energy and power course in the secondary vocational education curriculum. The chart contains three columns that correlate (1) vocational education performance indicators, (2) vocational education competency and mathematics…

  4. Is Blended e-Learning as Measured by an Achievement Test and Self-Assessment Better than Traditional Classroom Learning for Vocational High School Students?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chi-Cheng; Shu, Kuen-Ming; Liang, Chaoyun; Tseng, Ju-Shih; Hsu, Yu-Sheng

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of blended e-learning on electrical machinery performance (achievement test and self-assessment). Participants were two classes of 11th graders majoring in electrical engineering and taking the electrical machinery class at a vocational high school in Taiwan. The participants were randomly…

  5. A test of the California competency-based differentiated role model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

    2003-01-01

    To address the incongruence between the expectations of nursing service and education in California, the Education Industry Interface Task Force of the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing developed descriptions to assist employers and educators in clearly differentiating practice and educational competencies. The completion of the Competency-Based Role Differentiation Model resulted in the need to test the model for its utility in the service setting, in education, and for career planning for nurses. Three alpha demonstration sites were selected based on representative geographical regions of California. The sites were composed of tri-partnerships consisting of a medical center, an associate degree in nursing program, and a baccalaureate nursing program. Observers rated senior students and new graduates in medical-surgical units on their behaviors in teacher and leadership care provider and care coordinator roles. The alpha demonstration study results were as expected. That is, senior students practice predominantly at a novice level in teacher and management/leadership care provider functions and new graduates practice predominately at the competent level. New graduates are more likely to take on novice and competent care coordinator roles. The CBRDM may be useful for practice and education settings to evaluate student and nurse performance, to define role expectations, and to identify the preparation necessary for the roles. It is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and carrier planning.

  6. An Ontological Approach to Test Student's Competences in Meta-Subject Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Gavrilina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Student’s meta-subject (cross-curriculum competences are a part of his/her metacompetences that include also metacognitive and meta-creative competences. By the metasubject competences the Federal State Educational Standard means student’s learning outcomes as a result of the universal learning activities to ensure gained knowledge of key competences being a basis of ability to study, as well as learning outcomes of cross-curriculum concepts (meta-concepts. The aim of the paper is to assess student’s learning outcomes when having a meta-concept based curriculum.The offered approach uses a cognitive student’s card (CSC, which formalizes his/her understanding of some fragment of the subject semantic net (SSN and, theoretically, coincides with this fragment. The assessment for the student’s knowledge of the conceptual constituents of this fragment of SSN is controlled by comparison of the SSN sub-graph corresponding to this fragment with the graph which is defined by the corresponding CSC.Since both so-called meta-subjects and traditional subjects can provide a meta-subject learning proficiency we consider two approaches to test student’s knowledge of meta-concepts. The first one is based on the meta-subject ontology while the other one uses the ontologies of traditional subjects.The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation supported (project 2014- 14-579-0144 this work.

  7. How to Cultivate Students’ Vocational Core Competencies in Business English Teaching%如何在商务英语教学中培养职业核心能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵紫波

    2014-01-01

    高等职业教育的目标和宗旨是培养学生的职业核心能力。如何以能力本位为教学目标,模拟真实的项目情境,让学生根据情境和背景环境进行必要的思考、策划和决策是能否使学生真正掌握职业核心能力的关键所在,本文拟对此进行探讨。%The goals and tenets of higher vocational education are to cultivate students’ professional core competencies. How to set the competency-based teaching goals in the teaching process and simulate real project situations to enable students to think, plan and do the decision-making in terms of the necessary context and background are critical to enable students to truly master key professional core competencies. This article carries on the related discussion in this paper.

  8. Do Pre-Entry Tests Predict Competencies Required to Excel Academically in Law School?: An Empirical Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wamala, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Prospective students of law are required to demonstrate competence in certain disciplines to attain admission to law school. The grounding in the disciplines is expected to demonstrate competencies required to excel academically in law school. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relevance of the law school admission test to…

  9. 基于职业能力培养的市场营销课程教学改革%Research on Teaching Reform in Marketing Course Based on Vocational Competency Cultivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔玉华

    2012-01-01

    职业能力培养是市场营销课程适应市场、服务企业、创新人才培养模式的需要。从市场营销课程内容的改革、教学方法的改革、考试的改革以及教学中应当把握的原则4个方面,提出了市场营销课程改革必须从知识传授型向职业技能型转变,从课堂为中心向社会实践为中心转变,变教师为教练,变封闭学习为开放学习的建议。%Vocational competency cultivation is the needs of marketing course adapting to the market, serving enter-prises, and innovating talent cultivation model. This paper proposes that teaching reform in marketing course should be from knowledge initiating to vocational skills, from classroom - centered to practice - centered, from teachers to coaches, from closed -end learning to open learning through the research on the reform of course content, the re- form of teaching method, the reform of examination and the teaching principles.

  10. The Cultivating Core Competence Strategy of Higher Vocational Business English Major Students%浅析高职高专商务英语专业学生核心竞争力培育策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓红

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of Business English profession Heilongjiang Agricultural Engineering Vocational College to foster vocational business English major students core competitiveness,the author sums up the three cultivating strategy of the core competitiveness of Business English major students which are the formulation of programs,practical students management system and perfect practice teaching system.So to provide practical operation channel for Business English major students cultivate core competence theory,and provide solutions for business English professional cultivation.%从培育高职高专商务英语专业学生核心竞争力出发,结合黑龙江农业工程职业学院商务英语专业现状,归纳总结培育商务英语专业学生核心竞争力的三大策略,立足人才培方案的制定,以切实可行的学生管理体系为保障,配以完善的实践教学体系,从而为培育商务英语专业学生核心竞争力理论提供实践操作途径,商务英语专业培育实践应用性人才提供方案。

  11. Analysis of clinical competence of student nurses of higher vocational col eges%高职护理实习生临床能力视野投向分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苗茂云; 张向锋; 张国胜

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨高职护理实习生临床能力现状,为提升高职护理实习生临床能力提供参考依据。方法:采用临床能力评价表,对145名带教老师和116名高职护理实习生进行临床能力评价,包括5项一级指标和23项二级指标。结果:高职护理实习生临床能力一级指标得分均在中等至良好水平,实习学生对5项临床能力的评价均高于带教老师的评价。带教老师评价得分最高的4项分别是关爱患者、专业态度、组织纪律和团结协作能力,得分最低的4项分别是诊断能力、外语能力、计划能力和科研能力;实习学生评价得分最高的4项分别是组织纪律、评估能力、关爱患者和专业态度,得分最低的4项分别是自主学习、科研能力、评判性思维能力和外语能力。结论:高职护理实习生职业价值观良好,外语能力和科研能力薄弱,需要提升专业发展能力和健康教育能力。%Objective:To explore the current status of clinical competence of student nurses of higher nursing vocational colleges in or-der to provide a reference for improving the clinical competence of student nurses. Methods:The clinical competence questionnaire consis-ting of 5 primary items and 23 secondary items was used to evaluate the clinical competence of 145 clinical teachers and 116 student nur-ses. Results:The clinical competence of student nurses of higher nursing vocational colleges reached medium to good level. The evaluation of student nurses on 5 kinds of clinical competences was higher than the evaluation of clinical teachers. The evaluation scores in the top 4 of the clinical teachers were caring,professional attitude,discipline and cooperation ability,the lowest scores of evaluation were diagnosis a-bility,English,planning ability and research ability;the evaluation scores in the top 4 of the student nurses were discipline,assessment,ca-ring and professional attitude,the lowest

  12. Testing Basic Competency in Knee Arthroscopy Using a Virtual Reality Simulator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Mads Emil; Andersen, Morten Jon; Hansen, Claus Ol

    2015-01-01

    was set at a total z-score of 15.5 points, resulting in two of the novices passing the test and a single experienced surgeon failing the test. CONCLUSIONS: By combining four procedures on a virtual reality arthroscopy simulator, it was possible to create a valid, reliable, and feasible test of basic......BACKGROUND: Diagnostic knee arthroscopy is a common procedure that orthopaedic residents are expected to learn early in their training. Arthroscopy requires a different skill set from traditional open surgery, and many orthopaedic residents feel less prepared for arthroscopic procedures. Virtual...... reality simulation training and testing provide an opportunity to ensure basic competency before proceeding to supervised procedures in patients. METHODS: Twenty-six physicians (thirteen novices and thirteen experienced arthroscopic surgeons) were voluntarily recruited to perform a test consisting of five...

  13. Competency Testing for Pediatric Cardiology Fellows Learning Transthoracic Echocardiography: Implementation, Fellow Experience, and Lessons Learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Jami C; Geva, Tal; Brown, David W

    2015-12-01

    There is currently great interest in measuring trainee competency at all levels of medical education. In 2007, we implemented a system for assessing cardiology fellows' progress in attaining imaging skills. This paradigm could be adapted for use by other cardiology programs. Evaluation consisted of a two-part exercise performed after years 1 and 2 of pediatric cardiology training. Part 1: a directly observed evaluation of technical skills as fellows imaged a normal subject (year 1) and a patient with complex heart disease (year 2). Part 2: fellows interpreted and wrote reports for two echocardiograms illustrating congenital heart disease. These were graded for accuracy and facility with communicating pertinent data. After 5 years of testing, fellows were surveyed about their experience. In 5 years, 40 fellows were tested at least once. Testing identified four fellows who underperformed on the technical portion and four on the interpretive portion. Surveys were completed by 33 fellows (83 %). Most (67 %) felt that intermittent observation by faculty was inadequate for assessing skills and that procedural volume was a poor surrogate for competency (58 %). Posttest feedback was constructive and valuable for 90, and 70 % felt the process helped them set goals for skill improvement. Overall, fellows felt this testing was fair and should continue. Fellow performance and responses identified programmatic issues that were creating barriers to learning. We describe a practical test to assess competency for cardiology fellows learning echocardiography. This paradigm is feasible, has excellent acceptance among trainees, and identifies trainees who need support. Materials developed could be easily adapted to help track upcoming ACGME-mandated metrics.

  14. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  15. Testing a Dual Cascade Model Linking Competence and Symptoms over 20 Years from Childhood to Adulthood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obradovic, Jelena; Burt, Keith B.; Masten, Ann S.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the unique longitudinal effects linking academic competence, social competence, and internalizing symptoms from childhood to adulthood. A multimethod and multi-informant approach was used to assess psychopathology and competence in 205 participants during four developmental periods. Social competence in childhood had a…

  16. The Musical Ear Test, A New Reliable Test for Measuring Musical Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallentin, Mikkel; Nielsen, Andreas Hojlund; Friis-Olivarius, Morten; Vuust, Christian; Vuust, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports results from three experiments using the Musical Ear Test (MET), a new test designed for measuring musical abilities in both musicians and non-musicians in an objective way with a relatively short duration (less than 20 min.). In the first experiment we show how the MET is capable of clearly distinguishing between a group of…

  17. The Team -building of Instructors in Higher Vocational Colleges in the Horizon of Competence%胜任力视域下的高职院校辅导员团队建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洁瑾

    2013-01-01

      从团队胜任力的角度出发,利用 BEI(关键事件访谈)研究方法构建高职院校辅导员团队胜任素质的基本模型,依据模型提出优化辅导员团队成员构成、构建辅导员团队培训体系、建立辅导员团队绩效考核机制、构建辅导员团队文化、打造学习型辅导员团队的团队建设策略,以期实现辅导员团队的高绩效。%From the angle of team competence, this paper constructs a basic team competence model for in -structors in higher vocational colleges by the study method of BET (Behavioral Events Technology ).In this paper, team -building strategies such as the optimization of the instructor team , the construction of training system and performance evaluation mechanism of the instructor team , the construction of team culture and the building of a learning -type instructor team are suggested to achieve high performance .

  18. A Brief Research on Higher Vocational Education Teaching and Cultivation of Professional Core Competencies%高职专业课程教学与职业核心能力培养初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于国锋

    2011-01-01

    本文在分析高职道路桥梁工程技术专业人才培养目标和职业核心能力,认为在专业教学过程中应重视专业能力培养和职业核心能力的融合,主张采用渗透策略,从课程培养目标、课程内容、课程教学方法和考核方式等多方面进行改革,全面提高教学质量。%Based on the analysis of the Road and Bridge Engineering Technology Specialty in higher vocational education talents training target and professional core competencies, the specialized teaching process should pay attention to professional ability training and occupation core competence integration, advocate the use of penetration strategy, from curriculum training target, content, curriculum teaching methods and assessment methods and other aspects of reform, so as to improve the teaching quality.

  19. Test-Enhanced Learning in Competence-Based Predoctoral Orthodontics: A Four-Year Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freda, Nicolas M; Lipp, Mitchell J

    2016-03-01

    Dental educators intend to promote integration of knowledge, skills, and values toward professional competence. Studies report that retrieval, in the form of testing, results in better learning with retention than traditional studying. The aim of this study was to evaluate test-enhanced experiences on demonstrations of competence in diagnosis and management of malocclusion and skeletal problems. The study participants were all third-year dental students (2011 N=88, 2012 N=74, 2013 N=91, 2014 N=85) at New York University College of Dentistry. The 2013 and 2014 groups received the test-enhanced method emphasizing formative assessments with written and dialogic delayed feedback, while the 2011 and 2012 groups received the traditional approach emphasizing lectures and classroom exercises. The students received six two-hour sessions, spaced one week apart. At the final session, a summative assessment consisting of the same four cases was administered. Students constructed a problem list, treatment objectives, and a treatment plan for each case, scored according to the same criteria. Grades were based on the number of cases without critical errors: A=0 critical errors on four cases, A-=0 critical errors on three cases, B+=0 critical errors on two cases, B=0 critical errors on one case, F=critical errors on four cases. Performance grades were categorized as high quality (B+, A-, A) and low quality (F, B). The results showed that the test-enhanced groups demonstrated statistically significant benefits at 95% confidence intervals compared to the traditional groups when comparing low- and high-quality grades. These performance trends support the continued use of the test-enhanced approach.

  20. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  1. The Functions and the Open Management Model of the Training Base and Its Effects on Training the Students' Vocational Competence%实训基地的功能和开放式管理模式及其对培养学生职业能力的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金龙国

    2012-01-01

    Training the students' vocational competence is one of the basic functions of the training base in higher vocational colleges, and it is also the ultimate goal of the training base construction and management. The paper takes the construction and management of the productive training base in Qingdao Technical College as an example, and discusses the functions and the open management model of the training base in higher vocational colleges and its effects on training the students" vocational competence. It's proven by the practice that the features of "productive" and "practical" in our training base and the open management model of open to the whole college, open to the whole members, and open at any time" can really bring the training base into full play and can train the students' vocational competence.%培养学生职业能力是高职院校实训基地的基本功能之一,也是实训基地建设和管理的终极目标。以青岛职业技术学院校内生产性实训基地建设及管理为例,探讨了高职院校实训基地的功能、开放式管理模式及其对培养学生职业能力的作用。实践证明,青岛职业技术学院实训基地的"生产性"、"致用性"特色及"向全院开放、向全员开放、向全时段开放"的开放式管理模式对积极发挥实训基地功能和培养学生的职业能力,确实起到积极作用。

  2. The Reconsruction of the Practice System of Accounting Programs Based on Vocational Competency in Higher Vocational Education%基于职业能力的高职会计实践教学体系的重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈安

    2012-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the necessity of the construction of practice system of accounting programs of higher vocational eduction, the paper probes into the reconstruction of accounting programs from the curriculum, practice system and the design of practice projects, aiming to expand the practice resources and improve the practice mechanism.%文章通过分析高职会计专业构建实践教学体系的必要性入手,分析会计职业能力的内涵,从会计课程体系、实训项目体系、实训项目教学设计三个方面探索了现代高职会计实践教学体系的构建,拓展会计实践教学的实训资源,完善构建实践教学体系的机制。

  3. Test-enhanced learning versus errorless learning in aphasia rehabilitation: testing competing psychological principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, Erica L; Schwartz, Myrna F; Rawson, Katherine A; Garvey, Kelly

    2015-07-01

    Because individuals with acquired language disorders are frequently unable to reliably access the names of common everyday objects (i.e., naming impairment), rehabilitation efforts often focus on improving naming. The present study compared 2 rehabilitation strategies for naming impairment, reflecting contradictory prescriptions derived from different theoretical principles. The prescription derived from psychological research on test-enhanced learning advocates providing patients opportunities to retrieve target names from long-term memory (i.e., retrieval practice) in the course of treatment. In contrast, the errorless learning approach derived from cognitive rehabilitation research eschews retrieval practice in favor of methods that minimize naming errors, and thus the potential for error learning, in the course of treatment. The present study directly compared these approaches and showed that, despite superior (and errorless) performance during errorless treatment, treatment that prioritized retrieval practice produced greater retention 1-day and 1-week following treatment. These findings have implications for clinical practice, as well as theoretical accounts of lexical access and test-enhanced learning.

  4. Evaluation of social competencies in chemical engineering: Application and results of the pilot test (academic year 2012-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Suñé Grande

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria Química has a long tradition in the deployment of social competencies in engineering curricula through Integrated Projects (IP carried out in structured teams. Social competencies are taught and practiced during the development of the IPs. We conceptually introduce a methodology for a 360o assessment of the students’ social competencies, as a tool to foster the improvement of their competency levels. In this article we analyze the results of the pilot test where the aforementioned methodology has been implemented in the Bachelor studies of Chemical Engineering. The results indicate that it is possible to objectively obtain the student’s competency level discriminating among different social competencies, as well as among different students in the same team. The application of this tool fosters the development of specific educative actions to help the students with low competency profile, to reach acceptable levels for a successful insertion in the labor market.

  5. The Influence of Vocational Interest Inventories: Some Implications for Psychological Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    The impact of psychological testing on the public is explored. Topics discussed include a review of the controversy over interest inventories, what has been learned from the research and from the political activity that was enacted relative to employment/admission testing, and some ideas for increasing the ability to cope more readily with current…

  6. A Bermuda Triangle? A Case Study of the Disappearance of Competence-Based Vocational Training Policy in the Context of Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Inge; Dutson, Judith

    1995-01-01

    Observations of job training of special needs students were analyzed in terms of operational demands, staffing levels, resources, and trainee interaction. The competence approach often disappeared in the face of more pressing concerns; it serves to legitimate a political response rather than solve an educational problem. (SK)

  7. Geometry of the q-exponential distribution with dependent competing risks and accelerated life testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Fode; Shi, Yimin; Wang, Ruibing

    2017-02-01

    In the information geometry suggested by Amari (1985) and Amari et al. (1987), a parametric statistical model can be regarded as a differentiable manifold with the parameter space as a coordinate system. Note that the q-exponential distribution plays an important role in Tsallis statistics (see Tsallis, 2009), this paper investigates the geometry of the q-exponential distribution with dependent competing risks and accelerated life testing (ALT). A copula function based on the q-exponential function, which can be considered as the generalized Gumbel copula, is discussed to illustrate the structure of the dependent random variable. Employing two iterative algorithms, simulation results are given to compare the performance of estimations and levels of association under different hybrid progressively censoring schemes (HPCSs).

  8. THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE TEST DEVICES FOR COMPETENCE MEASUREMENT OF FUTURE SENIOR VOCATIONAL SCHOOL TEACHERS IN FISHING VESSEL NAUTICAL EXPERTISE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliza Merina dkk

    2015-06-01

    Abstrak. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengembangkan sebuah perangkat tes kognitif yang valid dan reliabel untuk pengukuran kompetensi profesional calon-calon guru SMK Keahlian NKPI melalui prosedur yang benar. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah riset dan pengembangan. Prosedur yang dilalui dalam penelitan ini yaitu : identifikasi tujuan pengukuran, pengembangan spesifikasi tes, penulisan butir soal, penelaahan butir tes (uji validitas, uji coba tes 1, analisa butir tes 1, uji reliabilitas, uji coba tes 2, analisa butir tes 2, dan perakitan bentuk akhir tes. Pada awal pembuatan spesifikasi tes dan penulisan butir, jumlah butir yang dikembangkan berjumlah 65 butir tes. Seiring proses pengembangan tes dilakukan, jumlah butir tes mengalami degradasi (penurunan. Setelah melalui tahap telaah butir (uji validitas yang dilakukan oleh 3 orang ahli di bidang NKPI, butir tes mengalami pengurangan 5 butir tes sehingga tersisa 60 butir tes untuk dirakit menjadi perangkat tes uji coba 1. Setelah uji coba 1 dilakukan dilanjutkan dengan analisis butir 1 yang dilakukan sesuai teori ujian klasik yang terdiri dari tingkat kesukaran, daya diskriminasi butir, dan efektivitas distraktor. Dari analisis tersebut, jumlah butir soal pun mengalami pengurangan hingga tersisa 29 butir tes untuk dirakit menjadi perangkat tes uji coba 2. Dari hasil uji coba 1 pun dilakukan uji reliabilitas menggunakan pendekatan konsistensi internal (internal consistency yaitu dengan perhitungan reliabilitas Kuder Richardson (KR20. Diperoleh nilai koefisien reliabilitas sebesar 0,71 yang menunjukkan bahwa perangkat tes tergolong reliabel. Uji coba 2 dilakukan dan diteruskan dengan analisa butir 2, kembali lagi butir soal mengalami pengurangan hingga tersisa 19 butir tes untuk dirakit menjadi perangkat tes bentuk akhir. Kata Kunci : pengembangan tes, pengukuran kompetensi, nautika kapal penangkaan ikan

  9. Competing Sentence Test (CST Results in Patients With Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoreh Jalaei

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: As the cerebrovascular diseases (CVD are among the most common anomalies that are directly or indirectly affecting the auditory cortex, studying in this area is important. We tried to evaluate the function of CANS in a group of 50-70 years old cerebrovascular accident (CVA patients with no hearing complaint by competing sentences test (CST as a dichotic speech test. Method and Material: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted at Loghman-e-Hakim hospital between 22, august 1999 and 20, July 2000 in a group of 30 normal 50-70 years old persons and a group of 40 patients with CVA including 30 patients with abnormal CT scan and 10 patients with normal CT scan. Results: The results point out the mean scores of CST in the normal group were at normal range (80-100% in both ears. And mean scores of CST decreased in the patients groups. There were significant difference between mean scores of CST in the patients with CVA and control groups. Conclusion: CST seems to be a valuable test in the CANS test batteries for the cerebrovascular diseases.

  10. Development and Validation of a Test Instrument for the Assessment of Basic Motor Competencies in Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, Christian; Gerlach, Erin; Seelig, Harald

    2015-01-01

    A central aim of Physical Education (PE) is the promotion of basic motor competencies ("Motorische Basiskompetenzen" [MOBAK]). These are the necessary prerequisites for developing a physically active lifestyle. Valid test instruments are needed for the evaluation of the effect of PE. For this purpose, we developed a test instrument for…

  11. Language Learner Strategies and Linguistic Competence as Factors Affecting Achievement Test Scores in English for Specific Purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurkovic, Violeta

    2010-01-01

    The article examines the effect of two factors on achievement test scores in English as a foreign language for specific purposes in higher education: preexisting linguistic competence and frequency of use of language learner strategies. The rationale for the analysis of language learner strategies as a factor affecting achievement test outcomes is…

  12. Designing and Testing an Inventory for Measuring Social Media Competency of Certified Health Education Specialists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernhardt, Jay M; Stellefson, Michael; Weiler, Robert M; Anderson-Lewis, Charkarra; Miller, M David; MacInnes, Jann

    2015-01-01

    Background Social media can promote healthy behaviors by facilitating engagement and collaboration among health professionals and the public. Thus, social media is quickly becoming a vital tool for health promotion. While guidelines and trainings exist for public health professionals, there are currently no standardized measures to assess individual social media competency among Certified Health Education Specialists (CHES) and Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES). Objective The aim of this study was to design, develop, and test the Social Media Competency Inventory (SMCI) for CHES and MCHES. Methods The SMCI was designed in three sequential phases: (1) Conceptualization and Domain Specifications, (2) Item Development, and (3) Inventory Testing and Finalization. Phase 1 consisted of a literature review, concept operationalization, and expert reviews. Phase 2 involved an expert panel (n=4) review, think-aloud sessions with a small representative sample of CHES/MCHES (n=10), a pilot test (n=36), and classical test theory analyses to develop the initial version of the SMCI. Phase 3 included a field test of the SMCI with a random sample of CHES and MCHES (n=353), factor and Rasch analyses, and development of SMCI administration and interpretation guidelines. Results Six constructs adapted from the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology and the integrated behavioral model were identified for assessing social media competency: (1) Social Media Self-Efficacy, (2) Social Media Experience, (3) Effort Expectancy, (4) Performance Expectancy, (5) Facilitating Conditions, and (6) Social Influence. The initial item pool included 148 items. After the pilot test, 16 items were removed or revised because of low item discrimination (r.90), or based on feedback received from pilot participants. During the psychometric analysis of the field test data, 52 items were removed due to low discrimination, evidence of content redundancy, low R-squared value, or

  13. Designing and Testing an Inventory for Measuring Social Media Competency of Certified Health Education Specialists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alber, Julia M; Bernhardt, Jay M; Stellefson, Michael; Weiler, Robert M; Anderson-Lewis, Charkarra; Miller, M David; MacInnes, Jann

    2015-09-23

    Social media can promote healthy behaviors by facilitating engagement and collaboration among health professionals and the public. Thus, social media is quickly becoming a vital tool for health promotion. While guidelines and trainings exist for public health professionals, there are currently no standardized measures to assess individual social media competency among Certified Health Education Specialists (CHES) and Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES). The aim of this study was to design, develop, and test the Social Media Competency Inventory (SMCI) for CHES and MCHES. The SMCI was designed in three sequential phases: (1) Conceptualization and Domain Specifications, (2) Item Development, and (3) Inventory Testing and Finalization. Phase 1 consisted of a literature review, concept operationalization, and expert reviews. Phase 2 involved an expert panel (n=4) review, think-aloud sessions with a small representative sample of CHES/MCHES (n=10), a pilot test (n=36), and classical test theory analyses to develop the initial version of the SMCI. Phase 3 included a field test of the SMCI with a random sample of CHES and MCHES (n=353), factor and Rasch analyses, and development of SMCI administration and interpretation guidelines. Six constructs adapted from the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology and the integrated behavioral model were identified for assessing social media competency: (1) Social Media Self-Efficacy, (2) Social Media Experience, (3) Effort Expectancy, (4) Performance Expectancy, (5) Facilitating Conditions, and (6) Social Influence. The initial item pool included 148 items. After the pilot test, 16 items were removed or revised because of low item discrimination (r.90), or based on feedback received from pilot participants. During the psychometric analysis of the field test data, 52 items were removed due to low discrimination, evidence of content redundancy, low R-squared value, or poor item infit or outfit

  14. Comparing the effectiveness of competing tests for reducing colorectal cancer mortality: a network meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmunzer, B Joseph; Singal, Amit G; Sussman, Jeremy B; Deshpande, Amar R; Sussman, Daniel A; Conte, Marisa L; Dwamena, Ben A; Rogers, Mary A M; Schoenfeld, Philip S; Inadomi, John M; Saini, Sameer D; Waljee, Akbar K

    2015-03-01

    Comparative effectiveness data pertaining to competing colorectal cancer (CRC) screening tests do not exist but are necessary to guide clinical decision making and policy. To perform a comparative synthesis of clinical outcomes studies evaluating the effects of competing tests on CRC-related mortality. Traditional and network meta-analyses. Two reviewers identified studies evaluating the effect of guaiac-based fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT), flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS), or colonoscopy on CRC-related mortality. gFOBT, FS, colonoscopy. Traditional meta-analysis was performed to produce pooled estimates of the effect of each modality on CRC mortality. Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to indirectly compare the effectiveness of screening modalities. Multiple sensitivity analyses were performed. Traditional meta-analysis revealed that, compared with no intervention, colonoscopy reduced CRC-related mortality by 57% (relative risk [RR] 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.33-0.58), whereas FS reduced CRC-related mortality by 40% (RR 0.60; 95% CI, 0.45-0.78), and gFOBT reduced CRC-related mortality by 18% (RR 0.82; 95% CI, 0.76-0.88). NMA demonstrated nonsignificant trends favoring colonoscopy over FS (RR 0.71; 95% CI, 0.45-1.11) and FS over gFOBT (RR 0.74; 95% CI, 0.51-1.09) for reducing CRC-related deaths. NMA-based simulations, however, revealed that colonoscopy has a 94% probability of being the most effective test for reducing CRC mortality and a 99% probability of being most effective when the analysis is restricted to screening studies. Randomized trials and observational studies were combined within the same analysis. Clinical outcomes studies demonstrate that gFOBT, FS, and colonoscopy are all effective in reducing CRC-related mortality. Network meta-analysis suggests that colonoscopy is the most effective test. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Cultivation of Vocational College Students' professional competence and core competence in the scientific and technological society%科技社会下高职院校学生职业素养和核心能力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昀姗

    2016-01-01

    The education and teaching of the higher vocational school,it is necessary to pay attention to the cultivation of practical ability, but also pay attention to the improve the cultivation of professional quality and comprehensive ability,in the design of good basic courses,specialized courses and training class at the same time according to the teaching outline requirements,through elective class to provide life skills,public relations etiquette, vocational guidanceliterature and art courses, at the same time, a variety of ways to the lectures, theme class meeting,special education, student activities and campus culture,to make up for the lack of classroom teaching,efforts to enhance the students'basic quality and ability.%高职学校的教育教学中,既要注重实际操作能力的培养,又要重视职业素养的养成和综合能力的提高,在按教学大纲要求设计好基础课、专业课、实训课的同时,通过选修课堂提供生活技能、公关礼仪、职业指导、文学艺术等课程,同时,以专题讲座、主题班会、特殊教育月、学生活动、校园文化等多种方式,弥补课堂教学的不足,着力全面提升学生的基本素质和综合能力。

  16. Efficiency analysis of competing tests for finding differentially expressed genes in lung adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Rick; Patel, Satish; Hu, Hai; Lyons-Weiler, James

    2008-01-01

    In this study, we introduce and use Efficiency Analysis to compare differences in the apparent internal and external consistency of competing normalization methods and tests for identifying differentially expressed genes. Using publicly available data, two lung adenocarcinoma datasets were analyzed using caGEDA (http://bioinformatics2.pitt.edu/GE2/GEDA.html) to measure the degree of differential expression of genes existing between two populations. The datasets were randomly split into at least two subsets, each analyzed for differentially expressed genes between the two sample groups, and the gene lists compared for overlapping genes. Efficiency Analysis is an intuitive method that compares the differences in the percentage of overlap of genes from two or more data subsets, found by the same test over a range of testing methods. Tests that yield consistent gene lists across independently analyzed splits are preferred to those that yield less consistent inferences. For example, a method that exhibits 50% overlap in the 100 top genes from two studies should be preferred to a method that exhibits 5% overlap in the top 100 genes. The same procedure was performed using all available normalization and transformation methods that are available through caGEDA. The 'best' test was then further evaluated using internal cross-validation to estimate generalizable sample classification errors using a Naïve Bayes classification algorithm. A novel test, termed D1 (a derivative of the J5 test) was found to be the most consistent, and to exhibit the lowest overall classification error, and highest sensitivity and specificity. The D1 test relaxes the assumption that few genes are differentially expressed. Efficiency Analysis can be misleading if the tests exhibit a bias in any particular dimension (e.g. expression intensity); we therefore explored intensity-scaled and segmented J5 tests using data in which all genes are scaled to share the same intensity distribution range

  17. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  18. 五年制高职英语口语交际能力的培养研究%A Study on Improvement of Students'English Communicative Competence in Five-year System Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛丽萍; 李燕; 叶少敏

    2014-01-01

    五年制高职英语教育具有职业性和专业性的特点,其中口语教学是英语教学中的一个重要环节,本文根据高职五年制学生的认知特点和学习发展需要,探讨如何提高学生的英语口语及整体英语水平和交际能力,从而使他们在竞争激烈的求职与工作中更具实力。%English education in five-year system higher vocational education is aimed to the application and profession, in which oral English teaching is one of the most important parts. The researcher analyzes how to improve students' oral English proficiency and communicative competence;thus making them more strength in the fierce competition in their future workplace.

  19. Metacognitive Strategies Promoting Competencies of Business English Major Graduates in Higher Vocational College%元认知策略提升高职商务英语毕业生的胜任力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张健

    2012-01-01

    The solid stability among motivation,beliefs,and strategies exists in Metacognitive Strategy Training.It is obvious that motivation and beliefs have a good effect on strategies.The paper mainly explored the measures of Metacognitive Strategies Training,affected during the course of Business English teaching,to inspire the students' study life and to enhance the competencies of graduates from Business English major in higher vocational college.Well begun,half done.%动机、观念、策略之间的关系在元认知策略培养中具有较高的稳定性,动机影响观念和策略;观念也影响策略。本文重点探索了如何在高职商务英语教学中有效推行元认知策略的途径,从而激发高职生商务英语学习生命,进一步提升毕业生的工作胜任力。

  20. Vocational computer applications teaching based on competency-based%能力本位的高职计算机应用基础课程教学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦勇; 刘乃瑞; 李燕萍

    2013-01-01

      高职计算机应用基础课程主要目的是把学生培养成高技能的应用型人才,课程教学需要认识到教学理念缺乏灵活性、学生层次存在差异、教学内容和考评指标单一等不足,采用能力本位的思想解决教学上的缺陷,提高专业岗位的计算机应用能力。%The main purpose of vocational fundamentals of computer application course is to develop students to become efficient office applied talents, teaching need to recognize that teaching the concept of a lack of flexibility, student-level differences, lack of teaching contents and evaluation indicators of a single, using competency-based thinking to solve the defects and improve on the teaching of computer application ability of professional positions.

  1. Current and desired competency levels of secondary agricultural teachers in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbert, Chanda Dehron

    The purpose of this study was to identify the competencies needed by secondary agricultural teachers in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Specifically, this study identified competencies needed to help make teachers more effective while working with special needs students. The objectives of the study were to: (1) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with handicapped students enrolled in agricultural and vocational education programs; (2) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with economically disadvantaged students enrolled in agricultural and vocational education programs; (3) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with academically challenged students enrolled in agricultural and vocational programs; and (4) evaluate the self-perceived competency levels of secondary agricultural education teachers and their desired competency levels. A 50% simple random sample of secondary agricultural teachers from the Directory for Agricultural Education in Pennsylvania, 1999--2000 was used. The design for the study was a descriptive study. The data collection instrument used was divided into five different areas: personal characteristics, professional role and development, instructional role, knowledge statements, and student leadership and organization. Subjects were asked to rate their present and desired levels of competency in the categories using a Likert-type scale. The competency scale was as follows: 1 = not competent; 2 = slightly competent, 3 = competent; 4 = very competent; 5 = extremely competent. There were 153 questionnaires mailed to the secondary agricultural education teachers. A total of 96 teachers responded to the questionnaire. Frequencies and distributions were used to describe demographic variables. T-test and analysis of variance were used to determine relationships between

  2. The Entrance test of physics and Workbook in teaching of physics at secondary vocational school within long-term pedagogical research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerlínová, Věra

    2017-01-01

    Within the long-term pedagogical research ongoing since the school year 2008/2009 to 2015/2016 at the secondary vocational school in Bohumín was through of Entrance test of physics, which included curriculum of the sixth to ninth year of elementary school, regularly finding out, in which parts of Entrance test - Unit conversions, International System of Units, Properties of matter, Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electricity and Magnetism, Optics, Atoms and Universe - pupils of the 1st years of secondary vocational school, technical and non-technical, reach a higher number of correct answers, in which dominates the wrong answers and which parts of the test pupils are better left out completely. It turned out that the results of these tests are very informative not only for theoretical and practical teaching, but also technical and other science subjects. The results of the Entrance tests are also a valuable source of information for continuous innovation Workbook of Physics - Mechanics for the 1st year of secondary vocational schools [1] - whose the first version began during the school year 2007/2008 and which was tested within pre-research in school years 2008/2009, 2009/2010 and within research in school year 2010/2011. On the basis of feedbacks getting from research the Workbook is regularly expanded, innovated and updated. The Workbook consists of parts dedicated to physical concepts, physical tasks, proposals to physical experiments, pupils comments from viewed video projection and documentary films, examples from the world of science and technology, examples from practice and real life, physical terminology in English, quizzes, competitions, interesting things and links related to discussed curriculum. The Workbook is divided into thematic sections, chapters and subchapters similar as physics textbooks for pupils of the 1st years of Secondary Schools in the Czech Republic. In the Workbook there are included tasks on fill in the words, polynomial tasks with

  3. Cosmetology--Science. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

    This guide is intended to assist vocational educators teaching a course in cosmetology to relate the skills addressed in science courses to a particular vocational education course. The guide consists of a curriculum alignment chart that cross-references vocational performance indicators to science skills/competencies. The science competency…

  4. Teacher Performance of the State Vocational High School Teachers in Surabaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusumaningtyas, Amiartuti; Setyawati, Endang

    2015-01-01

    This research talked about Analysis of Teacher Performance Through Competence, Compensation, and Job Satisfaction of the State Vocational High School Teachers in Surabaya. State Vocational High School Teacher is a professional educator with major duties to educate, teach, build, direct, coach, assess and evaluate learners on the vocational high…

  5. Factors Influencing Assessment Quality in Higher Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baartman, Liesbeth; Gulikers, Judith; Dijkstra, Asha

    2013-01-01

    The development of assessments that are fit to assess professional competence in higher vocational education requires a reconsideration of assessment methods, quality criteria and (self)evaluation. This article examines the self-evaluations of nine courses of a large higher vocational education institute. Per course, 4-11 teachers and 3-10…

  6. Factors influencing assessment quality in higher vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baartman, L.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Dijkstra, A.

    2013-01-01

    The development of assessments that are fit to assess professional competence in higher vocational education requires a reconsideration of assessment methods, quality criteria and (self)evaluation. This article examines the self-evaluations of nine courses of a large higher vocational education inst

  7. 自立型日语人才培养目标研究——基于核心能力的高职教育视角%rhe Study of the Training Targets of the Independent Japanese Talents: Based on the Core Competency in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张辉

    2012-01-01

    By analyzing the meaning and the current situation of core competency in vocational colleges, and based on the market demand for talents, "independent thinking and the personal PDCA" should be at the heart of the competencies for Japanese-majored students. On the basis of that, "independent Japanese talents" should be the training target for vocational colleges, that is "independent thinking and the personal PDCA" plus "Japanese specialty competency" plus "the trade commonly competency".%对核心能力内涵、高职院校核心能力培养现状及市场人才需求的分析表明,高职院校学生核心能力培养的重点是独立思考能力和自我PDCA能力。因此,自立型日语人才培养目标为:拥有目语专业能力、行业通用能力、独立思考能力和自我PDCA能力的应用性人才。

  8. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  9. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  10. Multiple Intelligence Scores of Science Stream Students and Their Relation with Reading Competency in Malaysian University English Test (MUET)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razak, Norizan Abdul; Zaini, Nuramirah

    2014-01-01

    Many researches have shown that different approach needed in analysing linear and non-linear reading comprehension texts and different cognitive skills are required. This research attempts to discover the relationship between Science Stream students' reading competency on linear and non-linear texts in Malaysian University English Test (MUET) with…

  11. Testing the Efficacy of "INSIGHTS" on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L.; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Rodriguez, Eileen T.

    2010-01-01

    A prevention trial tested the efficacy of "INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament" as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers…

  12. 借鉴澳大利亚能力本位思想的中高职课程衔接设计--以网络专业为例%Curriculum of Competency-Based Linkage System between Secondary and Higher Vocational Education--A Case Study of Network Major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭锡泉; 余明辉

    2013-01-01

    分析澳大利亚职业教育衔接的机制,把能力本位的课程设计思想应用到中高职课程衔接中,通过开发能力标准,以能力组合来设计课程,有效避免了中高职课程内容的重叠,也使中高职人才培养规格的层次差异得以体现。%This article has analyzed the mechanism of curriculum linkage system between secondary and higher vocational education in Australia. It has also talked about the concept of competency-based curriculum design in linkage system between secondary and higher vocational courses. Through design of competency standard and curriculum based on ability combination, the course overlap will be effectively avoided, which could bring about the level differences of talent training in higher vocational education and secondary schools.

  13. Communicative competence and theory of mind in autism: a test of relevance theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Happé, F G

    1993-08-01

    Sperber and Wilson's (1986) relevance theory makes explicit the role of the comprehension of intentions in human communication. Autistic people have been hypothesized to suffer from a specific and characteristic impairment in the ability to attribute such mental states (e.g., beliefs, intentions); a lack of "theory of mind". According to relevance theory, then, autistic people should have specific difficulties with the use of language for communication. Relevance theory allows precise predictions about the levels of communicative competence that should be possible with either no, first-order only, or second-order theory of mind ability. Three experiments are reported which tested predictions following from the analysis of figurative language in terms of relevance and theory of mind, in able autistic and normal young subjects. The results lend support to relevance theory. In addition, the findings suggest that some autistic subjects are eventually able to attribute mental states. Lastly, the results demonstrate close links between social and communicative understanding in autism and normal development.

  14. 职业核心能力与职业技能并重的高职课堂教学模式创新策略──以外贸类课程教学为例%Classroom Teaching Model Innovation Strategies of Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Paying Equal Attention to Vocational Core Competencies and Professional Skills--Taking Foreign Trade Courses Teaching as the Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮建女; 佘雪锋

    2015-01-01

    Integration of vocational core competence and skills keeps up with the times, embodys the talents cultivation Concept in modern vocational education. So, It is necessary to innovate classroom teaching modes in higher Vocational Colleges from the point of view of integration of core competence and skills: designs the more open-minded activities, promotes the innovation of classroom teaching structure; improves classroom teaching skills, optimizes the classroom teaching process; keep up with technological progress, innovate teaching method. In order to guarantee the implementation of the above innovations, it is needed to build a perfect classroom teaching team, construct learning management platform on which the information can be exchanged and shared, and optimize the classroom teaching evaluation.%注重职业核心能力培养,突出职业技能提升,是现代职业教育人才培养的基本理念。鉴于此,有必要设计更为开放的学习活动,推进课堂教学结构创新;提升课堂教学技艺,优化课堂教学过程;紧跟技术进步,创新教学方法。为保障教学模式创新的实施,需要打造精良的课堂教学团队,构建信息化交互和共享学习管理平台,优化课堂教学评价。

  15. The Analysis of Vocational Aptitude Changing with Age

    OpenAIRE

    Wada, Masayuki; OGAWA, Kazuo; Akagi, Fumio; Osaki, Hirokazu; Kikuchi, Susumu

    1980-01-01

    The assumption that vocational aptitude changed with age and with the kind of occupation was examined from the tendency of the fitted curve for the score of the aptitude test. 9 vocational aptitudes were measured by the general vocational aptitude test by Japan Labor Ministry. Subjects were 382 male workers (design engineers, turners, welders, can manufacturing workers, and crane operators) of from 20 to 59 years old, and 348 male and female students (junior high school, vocational school, an...

  16. Testing the Efficacy of INSIGHTS on Student Disruptive Behavior, Classroom Management, and Student Competence in Inner City Primary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClowry, Sandra Graham; Snow, David L; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine S; Rodriguez, Eileen T

    2010-03-01

    A prevention trial tested the efficacy of INSIGHTS into Children's Temperament as compared to a Read Aloud attention control condition in reducing student disruptive behavior and enhancing student competence and teacher classroom management. Participants included 116 first and second grade students, their parents, and their 42 teachers in six inner city schools. Teachers completed the Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory (SESBI) and the Teacher's Rating Scale of Child's Actual Competence and Social Acceptance (TRS) at baseline and again upon completion of the intervention. Boys participating in INSIGHTS, compared with those in the Read Aloud program, showed a significant decline in attentional difficulties and overt aggression toward others. Teachers in INSIGHTS, compared to those in the attention control condition, reported significantly fewer problems managing the emotional-oppositional behavior, attentional difficulties, and covert disruptive behavior of their male students. They also perceived the boys as significantly more cognitively and physically competent.

  17. The Development Of Career Competence Instrument Based On Computer Assisted Testing For Students Of Junior High Schools In Jakarta, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Gantina Komalasari, M.Psi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by results of theoretical studies and empirical facts about the importance of student’s career competence achievement, as well as the study of government policies on the mandate for the assessment in the specialization program/career counseling of Junior High School students. The research was aimed at developing student’s career competence standardized instrument based on Computer Assisted Testing (CAT which is effective as a support system of specialization program/career counseling in junior high schools. The study employed the standardized instrument development procedure (Anwar, 2010. The study population was all Grade IX students of Junior High School of Jakarta in the academic year of 2015/2016. The research sample was gained by using multistage cluster random sampling technique. Members of the research sample were 466 junior high school students representing the five regions of Jakarta. The data collection was performed by using Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale. The data were then analyzed by using validity and reliability tests. Operational data analysis was performed by using IBM SPSS version 20.0 for Windows. The results show that: first, all statements of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale are valid because the Sig. (2-tailed < α (0.05; second, the reliability of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale is in the high category because the reliability index reached r = 0.880. The final version of Junior High School Student’s Career Competence Scale consists of 43 items.

  18. 基于交际测试的高职实用英语课程考核体系构建%A study on the Construction of Testing System of Practical English Course in Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Communicative Testing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2012-01-01

    As a public foundation course in higher vocational colleges, practical English course is carrying out reform according to the demands for both adapting to the talents training objective of "taking service as its aim as well as taking employment as its orientation" and talents training mode of "school-enterprise cooperation as well as working and learning combination" . As the traditional language testing cannot measure students' English learning competence, the course reform aims at the reforms of testing and evaluation methods. Guided by communicative testing theory, the main objective of new course reform is to change the standards and contents of practical English course testing system for higher vocational colleges. Students' language competence and comprehensive qualities are assessed to promote their development and the evolution of teaching reform and course construction.%实用英语作为高职的一门主要公共基础课程,按照以适应“以服务为宗旨,以就业为导向”人才培养目标和“校企合作、工学结合”人才培养模式要求进行改革。传统的考核方式不能全面衡量学生的英语学习能力,课程改革势必涉及考核及评价方式的改变。以交际测试理论为指导,对高职实用英语课程考核的标准和内容进行改革实践成为课程考核改革主要目标。通过对学生语言能力和综合素质进行评价,有效促进学生的发展,促进教学改革和课程的发展。

  19. Testing of UK Populations of Culex pipiens L. for Schmallenberg Virus Vector Competence and Their Colonization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Manley

    Full Text Available Schmallenberg virus (SBV, an arboviral pathogen of ruminants, emerged in northern Europe during 2011 and has subsequently spread across a vast geographic area. While Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae have been identified as a biological transmission agent of SBV, the role of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae as potential vectors has not been defined beyond small-scale field collections in affected areas. Culex pipiens L. are one of the most widespread mosquitoes in northern Europe; they are present on farms across the region and have previously been implicated as vectors of several other arboviruses. We assessed the ability of three colony lines of Cx. pipiens, originating from geographically diverse field populations, to become fully infected by SBV using semi-quantitative real-time RT-PCR (sqPCR.Two colony lines of Cx. pipiens were created in the UK ('Brookwood' and 'Caldbeck' from field collections of larvae and pupae and characterised using genetic markers. A third strain of Cx. pipiens from CVI Wageningen, The Netherlands, was also screened during experiments. Intrathoracic inoculation of the Brookwood line resulted in infections after 14 days that were characterised by high levels of RNA throughout individuals, but which demonstrated indirect evidence of salivary gland barriers. Feeding of 322 individuals across the three colony lines on a membrane based infection system resulted in no evidence of full dissemination of SBV, although infections did occur in a small proportion of Cx. pipiens from each line.This study established two novel lines of Cx. pipiens mosquitoes of UK origin in the laboratory and subsequently tested their competence for SBV. Schmallenberg virus replication and dissemination was restricted, demonstrating that Cx. pipiens is unlikely to be an epidemiologically important vector of the virus in northern Europe.

  20. The career interest test. A brief, standardized assessment of interests for use in educational and vocational guidance = El test de intereses profesionales. Un instrumento de diagnóstico breve y estandarizado para su uso en orientación educativa y profesional

    OpenAIRE

    Athanasou, James A

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the Career Interest Test (Version 3.0), which is a 63-item forced choice, individually- or group-administered assessment of seven vocational interest categories: Outdoor, Practical, Scientific, Creative, Business, Office and People Contact interests It is designed for use in educational and vocational contexts as a practical guide to adolescent career planning. The Career Interest Test is now made freely available for professional use and is also available for free on-l...

  1. Developing and Testing the Short-Form Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument for Assessing Cultural Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garvan, Gerard J; Garvan, Cynthia W; Behar-Horenstein, Linda S

    2016-10-01

    The importance of educating dental students in cultural competence has been widely emphasized, but there is a need to assess cultural competence in a consistent and reliable way. The aims of this study were to determine latent constructs for the initial measure of cultural competence for oral health providers, the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument (KEPI), and to determine how well these factors related to previously identified latent constructs. Data were collected in surveys of dental students and from dental hygiene, dental assisting, and dental faculty members in 44 academic dental institutions from 2012 to 2015. There were a total of 1,786 respondents to the surveys; response rates to individual surveys ranged from 35% to 100%. There were 982 (55%) female and 804 (45%) male respondents, 286 (16%) underrepresented minority (URM) and 1,500 (84%) non-URM respondents, and 339 (19%) faculty and 1,447 (81%) student respondents. Three latent constructs were identified. Female respondents scored significantly higher on the culture-centered practice and efficacy of assessment factors, while URM respondents had significantly higher scores on all three of the KEPI factors. Measurements indicated that the long-form KEPI could be shortened by ten questions and still have three meaningful measurements. Continued research in assessing other health care providers' cultural competence is needed to expand the KEPI to measure providers' cultural competence with patients with minority sexual orientation and gender identity issues and those with physical disabilities, mental illness, and autism to advance patient-centric communication.

  2. Testing the Lexical Competence of German in Slovak-German and German(Austrian-Czech/Slovak Adolescent Bilinguals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pallay Jozef

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper builds on our previous work in the field of bilingual education and/ or the process of natural bilingualisation of Slovak-German bilinguals in Slovak educational diasporas (educational islands in Austria. Starting point of psycholinguistic testing based on classic American Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test ( PPVT -III in its revised and German version presented in this paper is the thesis of initial lagging behind of linguistic (lexical, grammatical competence level of language L2 of bilingual children from preschool age in relation to various sociolinguistic variables, which, however, with age may, under certain favourable conditions nearly equal competence of monolinguals and in the area of reception of language even exceed it. For testing the reception levels of German mental lexicon we used two approximately equally large groups of respondents in a bilingual secondary grammar school in Bratislava and Vienna. The hypothesis of our research was that bilingual Austrian-Czech/Slovak bilinguals from Austria would achieve significantly better results than the Slovak-German bilinguals from Slovakia. The test results, however, surprisingly disproved our hypothesis and want to contribute to the debate on setting minimum standards of language competence of bilinguals as well as on optimisation of conditions of bilingual or monolingual education of not only Slovaks abroad.

  3. CBI主题依托模式下高职学生职业英语口语能力发展研究*--以药学专业学生为例%Research on Development of Oral Workplace English Competence of Higher Vocational College Students in CBI Theme-based Mode*-Taking Students Majoring in Pharmacy for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎素薇

    2015-01-01

    Through three-year teaching practice,the influence of CBI theory-based teaching mode,"watching,lis-tening,thinking,learning,speaking and doing",on cultivation of autonomous learning ability of higher vocational col-lege students and development of oral workplace English competence of the students is discussed. At present,the students of higher vocational colleges generally have weak oral workplace English competence,that is,insufficient learn-ing motivation,poor learning strategy,inadequate workplace cognitive competence,weak proficiency of workplace Eng-lish,etc. The development of oral workplace English competence of vocational college students relies on building of workplace cognitive competence;the development of verbal,nonverbal and intercultural oral workplace English com-petence is a powerful guarantee for accuracy,appropriateness,normalization and effectiveness of oral workplace English of the learners,which is unmatchable by traditional language rule input-oriented teaching mode.%通过三年的教学实践,探索基于CBI理念的主题依托教学模式———“看、听、思、学、说、做”,对培养高职学生自主学习能力和对学生职场英语口语能力发展的影响,当前高职高专学生职场英语口语能力普遍不强,即学习动机不足、学习策略欠佳、职场认知能力不足、职场英语运用能力不强等。高职学生职场英语口语能力的发展有赖于职场认知能力的构建,职场英语口语语言、非语言和跨文化能力的发展是学习者职场英语口语的准确性、得体性、规范性和有效性的有力保障,是传统的以语言规则输入为主的教学模式所不能比拟的。

  4. 实训助中职物流学生能力上位——基于本校物流专业仓储实训教学改革的探索及总结%Effect of Practical Training in the Upgrading of Student Competence in Middle School Vocational Education: A Case Analysis Based Exploration and Summary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴燮坤

    2011-01-01

    The paper explores the professional practical training program implemented by Guangzhou Vocational School of Business & Trade to study its necessity and significance in strengthening the practical competence of the students as well as the specific paths and methods for its implementation.%结合本校物流专业主干课程—仓储作业实务教学探讨中职物流专业开展职业实训,增强实操技能水平的意义、必要性与方法途径.

  5. Vocational Teaching Cube System of Engineering Graphics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangDaofu; LiuShenli

    2003-01-01

    Based on long-time research on vocational teaching cube theory in graphics education and analyzing on the intellectual structure in the process of reading engineering drawing, the graphics intellectual three-dimensional model, which is made up of 100 cubes, is founded and tested in higher vocational graphics education. This system serves as a good guidance to the graphics teaching.

  6. Agribusiness Management. The Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    These materials in agribusiness management for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum were designed for use in the following areas: Animal Science; Plant Science; Agricultural Mechanics; and Natural Resources and Aquaculture. Each unit of this competency-based guide contains title of unit, unit length, grade level, objectives, teacher…

  7. Development and Psychometric Testing of the Caregiver Communication Competence Scale in Patients With Dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Hui-Chen; Yang, Ya-Ping; Huang, Mei-Chih; Wang, Jing-Jy

    2016-01-01

    Appropriate communication skills are essential for understanding patient needs, particularly those of patients with dementia. Assessing health care providers' competence in communicating with patients with dementia is critical for planning a communication education program. However, no formally established scale can be used. The purpose of the current study was to develop a valid and reliable instrument for determining the communication competence of health care providers with patients with dementia. Through use of a literature review and previous clinical experience, an initial 28-item scale was developed to assess the frequency of use of each item by health care providers. Fourteen items were extracted and three factors were distinguished. Results indicated that the internal consistency reliability of the 14-item scale was 0.84. Favorable convergent and discriminant validities were reached. The communication competence scale provides administrators or educators with a useful tool for assessing communication competence of health care providers when interacting with patients with dementia so a suitable education program can be planned and implemented.

  8. Pilot-testing an applied competency-based approach to health human resources planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomblin Murphy, Gail; MacKenzie, Adrian; Alder, Rob; Langley, Joanne; Hickey, Marjorie; Cook, Amanda

    2013-10-01

    A competency-based approach to health human resources (HHR) planning is one that explicitly considers the spectrum of knowledge, skills and judgement (competencies) required for the health workforce based on the health needs of the relevant population in some specific circumstances. Such an approach is of particular benefit to planners challenged to make optimal use of limited HHR as it allows them to move beyond simply estimating numbers of certain professionals required and plan instead according to the unique mix of competencies available from the existing health workforce. This kind of flexibility is particularly valuable in contexts where healthcare providers are in short supply generally (e.g. in many developing countries) or temporarily due to a surge in need (e.g. a pandemic or other disease outbreak). A pilot application of this approach using the context of an influenza pandemic in one health district of Nova Scotia, Canada, is described, and key competency gaps identified. The approach is also being applied using other conditions in other Canadian jurisdictions and in Zambia.

  9. Minimum Competency Testing Programs and Handicapped Students: Perspectives on Policy and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosewater, Ann

    Intended for federal, state, and local policymakers, the document looks at the actual policies and practices of local and state education agencies in carrying out their minimum competency requirements, with particular emphasis on the mandates of P.L. 94-142 (the Education for All Handicapped Children Act) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act…

  10. The Relationship between Social Anxiety and Social Support in Adolescents: A Test of Competing Causal Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calsyn, Robert J.; Winter, Joel P.; Burger, Gary K.

    2005-01-01

    This study compared the strength of competing causal models in explaining the relationship between perceived support, enacted support, and social anxiety in adolescents. The social causation hypothesis postulates that social support causes social anxiety, whereas the social selection hypothesis postulates that social anxiety causes social support.…

  11. Development of a competency-based formative progress test with student-generated MCQs: Results from a multi-centre pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagener, Stefan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Progress tests provide students feedback on their level of proficiency over the course of their medical studies. Peer-assisted learning and competency-based education have become increasingly important in medical education. Although progress tests have been proven to be useful as a longitudinal feedback instrument, there are currently no progress tests that have been created in cooperation with students or that focus on competency in medical education.In this study, we investigated the extent to which students can be included in the development of a progress test and demonstrated that aspects of knowledge related to competency can be represented on a competency-based progress test.Methods: A two-dimensional blueprint for 144 multiple-choice questions (MCQs covering groups of medical subjects and groups of competency areas was generated by three expert groups for developing the competency-based progress test. A total of 31 students from seven medical schools in Germany actively participated in this exercise. After completing an intensive and comprehensive training programme, the students generated and reviewed the test questions for the competency-based progress test using a separate platform of the ItemManagementSystem (IMS. This test was administered as a formative test to 469 students in a pilot study in November 2013 at eight medical schools in Germany. The scores were analysed for the overall test and differentiated according to the subject groups and competency areas.Results: A pool of more than 200 MCQs was compiled by the students for pilot use, of which 118 student-generated MCQs were used in the progress test. University instructors supplemented this pool with 26 MCQs, which primarily addressed the area of scientific skills. The post-review showed that student-generated MCQs were of high quality with regard to test statistic criteria and content. Overall, the progress test displayed a very high reliability. When the

  12. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  13. Research on the Curriculum System Construction of Hotel Management Major in Higher Vocational Colleges Based on Career Competency Model%基于职业胜任力模型的高职酒店管理专业课程体系构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏瑛

    2016-01-01

    Career competency model of hotel management major in higher vocational colleges is raised to meet the needs of enterprise diversification on the basis of improving students’ quality and innovation ability. Based on industry survey, the model analyzes the five elements: professional character, professional ability, professional quality, professional networking and social ability. With the characteristics of higher vocational education, it designs normal courses and outstanding professional ability courses as a core curriculum system of hotel management major in higher vocational colleges to provide the foundation for implementing professional teaching reform further.%高职酒店管理专业职业胜任力模型是基于提升学生品质修养、提高创新能力、适应企业多元化需求而提出的。该模型的构建以行业调查为依据,分析了职业品质、职业能力、职业素养、职业社交和社会能力五个要素,结合高职教育的特点,设计实现了以常态课程和卓越职业能力课程为核心的高职酒店管理专业课程体系,为进一步实施专业教学改革奠定了课程基础。

  14. Competence is Competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bramming, Pia

    2004-01-01

    The article will address competence, its' diffusion, application, and the consequence of this application within the field of Human Resource Management (HRM). The concept competence-in-practice will be presented and in conclusion the article will consider implications and possibilities of compete...

  15. Investigation and Countermeasures of the Status of English Pragmatic Competence of Higher Vocational non-English Major Students%对非英语专业高职大学生英语语用能力现状的调查及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文峰

    2011-01-01

    大学生英语的语用能力是反映学生语言学习素质的重要表现,笔者针对高职院校非英语专业大学生的语用能力状况进行调查和分析,旨在为大学外语的教学改革提供参考。%College students' pragmatic competence is an important reflection of their language learning quality.Aiming to provide references for the teaching reform of college English, the writer investigates and analyzes the status of English pragmatic competence of higher vocational non-English major students.

  16. Multiple States of Financially Distressed Companies : Tests using a Competing-risks Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nongnit Chancharat

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the determinants of multiple states of financial distress by applying a competing-risksmodel. It investigates the effect of financial ratios, market-based variables and company-specific variables,including company age, size and squared size on three different states of corporate financial distress: activecompanies; distressed external administration companies; and distressed takeover, merger or acquisitioncompanies. A sample of 1,081 publicly listed Australian non-financial companies over the period 1989 to2005 using a competing-risks model is used to determine the possible differences in the factors of enteringvarious states of financial distress. It is found that specifically, distressed external administration companieshave a higher leverage, lower past excess returns and a larger size; while distressed takeover, merger oracquisition companies have a lower leverage, a higher capital utilisation efficiency and a larger size comparedto active companies. Comparing the results from both the single-risk model and the competing-risks modelreveals the need to distinguish between financial distress states.

  17. Technical and Vocational Education and Training - Curricula Reform Demand in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruque A. Haolader

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This case study investigates the Diploma-in-Engineering (Electronics Technology curriculum in Bangladesh. It includes student assessment approach and learning/ teaching outcomes, and compares them with Germany’s initial vocational training in the Dual System. The required data was collected through a selfdesigned test and a questionnaire. The test measured mainly students’ technical competencies, particularly in the case of practical relevant tasks. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used to analyze the data. A comparison between the polytechnic students and vocational school trainees in Germany at different cognitive levels was made. The findings show that the polytechnic students in Bangladesh perform poorly. It was found that the differences in the categories of Apply and Understand were bigger than the difference in the category of Remember. Furthermore, this study investigated and found that the student assessment approaches in Bangladesh and Germany differ greatly regarding their theoretical requirements and practical relevance. The Diploma curriculum mainly focuses on theoretical matters. Germany’s learning field based curriculum in vocational schools focuses on practice oriented learning and teaching, and fosters the trainees’ knowledge transfer capability. The current TVET reform in Bangladesh that introduces CBTandA, among others, may address these issues and help Bangladeshi TVET graduates to compete in an international labour market.

  18. 基于民办高职学生岗位核心能力培养的思政教学实效性研究%Research on the Effectiveness of Ideological and Political Education Based on Private Vocational School Students' Post Core Competencies Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾雪凤

    2016-01-01

    Combined with private vocational education guidance, integrate fostering job core competence in ideological and political course teaching, for the status of traditional ideological and political education, proposed changes in teaching con-cepts, teaching content and innovative teaching methods, teaching reform reform of assessment methods, in order for the com-munity to train qualified with the core competencies of the private post graduate vocational talents to help students have better employment and entrepreneurship.%结合民办高职教育的就业导向,在思政课教学中融入岗位核心能力的培育,针对传统思政教学的现状,提出转变教学理念,优化教学内容,创新教学方式,改革考核方式的教学改革,以期为社会培养合格的具备岗位核心能力的民办高职毕业生人才,帮助学生更好地就业、创业。

  19. The European Dimensions of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sós Tamás

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research examined the connection between vocational education, training and the world of work, and the social situation in Hungary in a European outlook. The accentual issues of the analysis disclosing the problem are: youth unemployment, the tendencies of secondary vocational education, proportions of enrollment and the features of training tendencies, the growing number of early dropouts, the effect of family background on student performance. This work tried to find the answer to the question: What variations have the changes in the regulations of vocational training, encouraging dual education brought on in the connection between trainers and work places? The research did not prove that the central vocational training system would be more effective than a varied, flexible, permeable, transparent decentralized operation with parts built on each other. The introduction of the complex exam overshadowed the evaluation of the competency areas, and fits less to the modularity of the framework curricula. With the legal regulation of vocational training in force the modular system has become a formality. Taking prior knowledge into account has become more difficult. The efficiency of professional structural decisions is questionable, it has not triggered the extension of employment among career starters, and does not mean a guarantee of finding a job either. Creating the motivation of economic role players may bring on steps forward to take up bigger tasks in vocational training. The research has confirmed the importance of improving the basic competency areas when planning vocational training, of life-long learning, of practice orientation, and also of the continuous connection with the labor market.

  20. Do mosquitoes transmit the avian malaria-like parasite Haemoproteus? An experimental test of vector competence using mosquito saliva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-López, Rafael; Martínez-de la Puente, Josué; Gangoso, Laura; Yan, Jiayue; Soriguer, Ramón C; Figuerola, Jordi

    2016-11-28

    The life-cycle of many vector-borne pathogens includes an asexual replication phase in the vertebrate host and sexual reproduction in the insect vector. However, as only a small array of parasites can successfully develop infective phases inside an insect, few insect species are competent vectors for these pathogens. Molecular approaches have identified the potential insect vectors of blood parasites under natural conditions. However, the effectiveness of this methodology for verifying mosquito competence in the transmission of avian malaria parasites and related haemosporidians is still under debate. This is mainly because positive amplifications of parasite DNA in mosquitoes can be obtained not only from sporozoites, the infective phase of the malaria parasites that migrate to salivary glands, but also from different non-infective parasite forms in the body of the vector. Here, we assessed the vectorial capacity of the common mosquito Culex pipiens in the transmission of two parasite genera. A total of 1,560 mosquitoes were allowed to feed on five house sparrows Passer domesticus naturally infected by Haemoproteus or co-infected by Haemoproteus/Plasmodium. A saliva sample of the mosquitoes that survived after 13 days post-exposure was taken to determine the presence of parasite DNA by PCR. Overall, 31.2% mosquito's head-thorax and 5.8% saliva samples analysed showed positive amplifications for avian malaria parasites. In contrast to Haemoproteus DNA, which was not found in either the body parts or the saliva, Plasmodium DNA was detected in both the head-thorax and the saliva of mosquitoes. Parasites isolated from mosquitoes feeding on the same bird corresponded to the same Plasmodium lineage. Our experiment provides good evidence for the competence of Cx. pipiens in the transmission of Plasmodium but not of Haemoproteus. Molecular analyses of saliva are an effective method for testing the vector competence of mosquitoes and other insects in the transmission of

  1. An empirical test of competing theories of hazard-related trust: the case of GM food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allum, Nick

    2007-08-01

    Few scholars doubt the importance of trust in explaining variation in public perception of technological risk. Relatively little, however, is known about the particular types of judgments that people use in granting or withholding trust. This article presents findings from an empirical study that explores several dimensions of trust relevant for citizens' judgments of scientists involved in the development of GM food. The relationship between particular dimensions of trust and perceptions of GM food risk is also explored, using structural equation modeling. Results suggest that trust judgments based on the perception of shared values are most important in relation to GM food risk, but that judgments about scientists' technical competence are also important.

  2. Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Edward W.

    Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

  3. In What Ways is the New Jersey County Vocational School Admissions Criteria a Predictor of Student Success on State Mandated Tests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Scott; Ramaswami, Soundaram

    2013-01-01

    Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) at the secondary-school level has undergone transformation, especially in the last 25 to 30 years brought about by the implementation of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1984. Earlier, the VTE education focus was to prepare students for entry-level jobs that did not require a…

  4. Relationship of Vocational Satisfaction to the Correspondence of Job Reinforcement and Vocational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Robert R.; Weiss, David J.

    The Theory of Work Adjustment proposes that vocational satisfaction is a function of the correspondence between the reinforcers in the work environment and the individual's vocational needs. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the means and variances of measures of satisfaction for groups differing in degree of need-reinforcer correspondence.…

  5. Comparison of the Vocational Card Sort, the SDS, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    1979-01-01

    The Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), a combination of a Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and an action plan, was evaluated. High school girls took each of the tests. The VEIK failed to surpass the influence of its components. (Author/BEF)

  6. 人力资源胜任力模型在高职院校工商管理类专业人才培养中的研究及运用%The Research and Application of Human Resource Competency Model in Specialized Training of Students Major in Business Management of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭芳华

    2015-01-01

    The human resources competency model plays an important role in business operations for companies at large and al-ways takes employees of good performance as company valuable assets.On the other hand,as long as the higher vocational col-leges are mentioned as the water pool of human resources,the training goal of students should be regarded as the key point be-cause the constructions of human resources competency model.It is commonly used in enterprises should be in cooperation with the creative ability of current students at school for future employees.The paper compares the human resources competency model constructed in enterprises of the remote regions in West China and the graduates in higher vocational colleges,and then the author enumerates the problems to analyze their causes and find out solutions.%对于用人单位发展而言,人才是最重要的动力来源,胜任力模型的构建在企业中具有重要地位。而高职院校,作为企业人力资源的蓄水池,学生的培养目标是关键问题-高职院校学生的职业胜任力模型的构建不仅关系到学生的就业出口,同时关系到企业的创造价值的核心能力。本文主要对比了西部偏远地区企业对于高职毕业生的人力资源胜任力模型和高职院校毕业生胜任力的差异,并提出了解决的办法。

  7. Motor competence assessment in children: convergent and discriminant validity between the BOT-2 Short Form and KTK testing batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fransen, Job; D'Hondt, Eva; Bourgois, Jan; Vaeyens, Roel; Philippaerts, Renaat M; Lenoir, Matthieu

    2014-06-01

    This study investigated convergent and discriminant validity between two motor competence assessment instruments in 2485 Flemish children: the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency 2 Short Form (BOT-2 Short Form) and the KörperKoördinationsTest für Kinder (KTK). A Pearson correlation assessed the relationship between BOT-2 Short Form total, gross and fine motor composite scores and KTK Motor Quotient in three age cohorts (6-7, 8-9, 10-11 years). Crosstabs were used to measure agreement in classification in children scoring below percentile 5 and 15 and above percentile 85 and 95. Moderately strong positive (r=0.44-0.64) associations between BOT-2 total and gross motor composite scores and KTK Motor Quotient and weak positive correlations between BOT-2 Short Form fine motor composite and KTK Motor Quotient scores (r=0.25-0.37) were found. Levels of agreement were fair to moderate. Therefore, some proof of convergent and discriminant validity between BOT-2 Short Form and KTK was established in this study, underlining the notion that the evaluation of motor competence should not be based upon a single assessment instrument.

  8. Competence to consent to voluntary psychiatric hospitalization: a test of a standard proposed by APA. American Psychiatric Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, B C; Appelbaum, P S; Grisso, T

    1998-09-01

    In the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court's 1990 decision in Zinermon v. Burch, renewed attention has been given to capacities patients must have to be considered competent to consent to voluntary hospitalization. An American Psychiatric Association (APA) task force suggested that strong policy interests support the establishment of a low threshold for competence in this situation. The study examined whether, as previous research suggested, patients would have difficulty meeting even this lenient standard. One hundred voluntarily hospitalized psychiatric patients were read two brief paragraphs, one explaining the purposes of psychiatric hospitalization and and the other explaining policies for discharge. The paragraphs' readability measured about eighth-grade level. After each paragraph, participants were read two sets of questions, one testing recall of the presented information and the other testing recognition of the information in a true-false format. The scores of patients grouped by selected demographic and clinical variables were compared. The vast majority of patients were able to comprehend the information that the APA task force suggested was relevant to their decision. However, a subgroup of patients who were initially admitted involuntarily had significantly poorer performance and may constitute a group who need special educational efforts focused on the consequences of voluntary admission.

  9. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  10. Measuring Teachers' Competencies in Constructing Classroom-Based Tests in Nigerian Secondary Schools: Need for a Test Construction Skill Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agu, Ngozi N.; Onyekuba, Chika; Anyichie, Aloysius C.

    2013-01-01

    Classroom-based achievement tests have been extensively used in Nigerian secondary schools especially after the introduction of continuous assessment in 1985. These achievement tests have been criticized by over the years for lack of proper psychometric properties of a test. These views bother on teachers' possession or non possession of…

  11. Constructing a Criterion-Referenced Test for Measuring the Statistical Competencies of the Postgraduate Students in Education Colleges in Yemeni Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qasem, Mamun Ali Naji; Altrairy, Abdulrhman; Govil, Punita

    2012-01-01

    This research has aimed at constructing Criterion Referenced Test to measure the statistical competencies of the Post-graduate Students in Education Colleges in Yemeni Universities, at examining the validity of the test's grades (the descriptive validity and the Domain Selection Validity), at examining the test's grades Reliability according to…

  12. Skilled but Unaware of It: CAT Undermines a Test Taker's Metacognitive Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortner, Tuulia M.; Weisskopf, Eva; Gerstenberg, Friederike X. R.

    2013-01-01

    We investigated students' metacognitive experiences with regard to feelings of difficulty (FD), feelings of satisfaction (FS), and estimate of effort (EE), employing either computerized adaptive testing (CAT) or computerized fixed item testing (FIT). In an experimental approach, 174 students in grades 10 to 13 were tested either with a CAT or a…

  13. Analysis of SCL-90 Test in Higher Vocational College Freshmen%高职大学新生SCL-90的结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王品; 陈金环; 张朝清

    2015-01-01

    本研究采用症状自评量表(SCL-90问卷),分别对2011级、2012级、2013级新入校高职大学生进行心理健康状况调查。结果表明:大学新生中度以上心理问题检出率为4.2%,主要表现为强迫、人际关系敏感、焦虑和抑郁。不同性别、不同入校年度的大学新生心理问题各异,入校新生心理问题不容忽视。%This study tested the higher vocational college fresh-men of grade 2011, 2012 and 2013 with the method of SCL-90 psychology evaluation test in this research. The results revealed that:There was 4.2 percent of students scored above 3 on one or more sub-scales. The most common mental health problems were paranoia, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety and depression. The psychological disorders were different in sex and entrance time, so they can not be ignored every year.

  14. The role of competence and value beliefs in students' daily emotional experiences : A multilevel test of a transactional model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahmed, W.; Minnaert, A.E.M.G.; Van der Werf, M.P.C.; Kuyper, H.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the mutual influence of relatively stable personal competence and value beliefs and lesson specific appraisals of competence and value on daily emotional experiences of students in the classroom context. Personal competence and value beliefs were measured by means of questionnair

  15. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  16. Rater agreement of a test battery designed to assess adolescents' resistance training skill competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Lisa; Reynolds, John; Faigenbaum, Avery D; Smith, Jordan J; Harries, Simon; Lubans, David R

    2015-01-01

    The study aim was to assess rater agreement of the Resistance Training Skills Battery (RTSB) for adolescents. The RTSB provides an assessment of resistance training skill competency and includes six exercises. The RTSB can be used to assess performance and progress in adolescent resistance training programmes and to provide associated feedback to participants. Individual skill scores are based on the number of performance criteria successfully demonstrated and an overall resistance training skill quotient (RTSQ) is created by summing the six skill scores. The eight raters had varying experience in movement skill assessment and resistance training and completed a 2-3h training session in how to assess resistance training performance using the RTSB. The raters then completed an assessment on six skills for 12 adolescents (mean age=15.1 years, SD=1.0, six male and six female) in a randomised order. Agreement between seven of the eight raters was high (20 of the 21 pairwise correlations were greater than 0.7 and 13 of the 21 were greater than 0.8). Correlations between the eighth rater and each of the other seven raters were generally lower (0.45-0.78). Most variation in the assigned RTSB scores (67%) was between cases, a relatively small amount of the variation (10%) was between raters and the remainder (23%) was between periods within raters. The between-raters coefficient of variation was approximately 5%. The RTSB can be used reliably by those with experience in movement skill assessment and resistance training to assess the resistance skill of adolescents. Copyright © 2013 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Vocationalism in Higher Education: Explanations from Social Theory. ASHE Annual Meeting 1980 Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roemer, Robert E.

    Three social theories (status-competition theory, functionalism, and legitimation theory) are considered as explanations of a growing vocationalism in higher education. Vocationalism is used to refer to an increasing interest among undergraduate students in pursuing studies that lead directly to occupational competence. Status-competition theory…

  18. Quality Assurance in the Teaching and Examination of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, E. Ethel

    2007-01-01

    The vital role of Vocational and Technical Education in the production of skilled and competent manpower for economic, industrial and social development cannot be achieved if an efficient and effective teaching and examination is not maintained. Therefore, this paper examines the objectives of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, factors…

  19. 高职院校公共英语教学中跨文化非语言交际能力的培养%The Cultivation of Cross-culture Nonverbal Communicative Competence in Public English Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石婷

    2014-01-01

    The cultivation of language ability has the top priority in public English teaching in higher vocational colleges ,but in the process of cultural communication between Chinese and westerners , the nonverbal factors also play an important role .The lack of nonverbal communicative competence is a barrier to effective communication .The author sums up some problems and puts forward some sugges-tions based on the analysis of the actual situation of students in higher vocational colleges .%高职公共英语课堂中将语言能力的培养放在首位,但是在中西方文化交际过程中,非语言也起着至关重要的作用。非语言交际能力的欠缺成为有效沟通的障碍。作者通过分析高职院校学生的实际情况,总结出存在的若干问题,并尝试提出几点建议。

  20. Construction of Intercultural Communication Competence Cultivation Framework for Higher Vocational College Students---From the Ecological Perspective%生态视角下高职学生跨文化交际能力培养框架的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕

    2015-01-01

    To improve students' overall cultural accomplishments and intercultural communication awareness is one of the targets of the new English Curriculum Requirements for Higher Vocational and Technical Education. From the ecological perspective, this paper proposes the intercultural communication competence cultivation framework of higher vocational college students which includes intercultural communication knowledge, awareness and communication skills. And thus the paper presents the practicing strategies from aspects such as teaching materials, methods and evaluation etc.%提高学生的综合文化素养和跨文化交际意识是新的《高等职业教育英语课程教学基本要求》的目标要求。文章从生态视角构建涵盖跨文化知识、跨文化意识以及跨文化交际技能的高职学生跨文化交际能力培养框架,并从教材、教法和评价等方面提出了框架践行策略。

  1. The effects of Georgia's Choice curricular reform model on third grade science scores on the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phemister, Art W.

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice reading curriculum on third grade science scores on the Georgia Criterion Referenced Competency Test from 2002 to 2008. In assessing the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice curriculum model this causal comparative study examined the 105 elementary schools that implemented Georgia's Choice and 105 randomly selected elementary schools that did not elect to use Georgia's Choice. The Georgia's Choice reading program used intensified instruction in an effort to increase reading levels for all students. The study used a non-equivalent control group with a pretest and posttest design to determine the effectiveness of the Georgia's Choice curriculum model. Findings indicated that third grade students in Non-Georgia's Choice schools outscored third grade students in Georgia's Choice schools across the span of the study.

  2. A Review of Peter Senge's Examination of Learning Organizations: Implications for Vocational Special Needs Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wonser, Renee L.; Damme, Susan R.

    1993-01-01

    Total quality management fits naturally with service to vocational-technical special needs students. Conception of the institution as a learning organization requires core competencies: shared vision, personal mastery, mental models, team learning, and systems thinking. (JOW)

  3. Instrumentos de inteligência e interesses em orientação profissional Intelligence and interests tests in vocational guidance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Godoy

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O uso de instrumentos psicometricamente ajustados ao contexto em que serão utilizados é fundamental para a confiabilidade de processos de avaliação psicológica. Em situações de orientação profissional, tal preceito tem igual importância, uma vez que a análise de diferentes construtos deve levar o sujeito a melhor se conhecer, proporcionando uma escolha adequada da profissão. O objetivo desse estudo foi correlacionar diferentes instrumentos de avaliação de interesses profissionais e inteligência, aplicados a 312 participantes de um programa de orientação profissional, com média de idade de 16,13 anos (DP = 2,07. Os resultados mostraram algumas correlações significativas entre BPR-5 e LIP, por um lado, e entre o INV e Angelini de outro. Novos estudos com amostras maiores e mais heterogêneas geograficamente são sugeridos, a fim de se obter mais evidências de validade, principalmente para os instrumentos ainda não aprovados pelo Conselho Federal de Psicologia.The use of psychometrically adjusted instruments to the context in which they will be used is important to trust the psychological assessments process. In professional counseling situations, such use has the same importance, since different constructs analyses must provide a better self-knowledge, facilitating an adequate professional choice. The goal of this study was to correlate different intelligence and vocational interests instruments, answered by 312 students from a vocational counseling process, with age average 16.13 years old (SD = 2.07. Results showed significant correlations between BPR-5 and LIP, in one hand, and between INV and Angelini, in the other. New studies with larger and more geographically heterogeneous samples are suggested, aiming to get more validity evidences, mainly to the not approved instruments by the Federal institution that regulates psychological test use.

  4. Interactional Competence across Proficiency Levels: How Do Learners Manage Interaction in Paired Speaking Tests?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galaczi, Evelina D.

    2014-01-01

    Paired speaking tasks are now commonly used in both pedagogic and assessment contexts, as they elicit a wide range of interactional skills. The current study aims to offer an investigation of the interaction co-constructed by learners at different proficiency levels who are engaged in a paired speaking test, and to provide insights into the…

  5. 76 FR 17287 - Protocol Gas Verification Program and Minimum Competency Requirements for Air Emission Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-28

    ... Reconsideration, clearly labeled as such, to the Office of the Administrator, U.S. EPA, Room 3000, Ariel Rios... ] 4. Recordkeeping/Reporting 5. ISO 17025 6. Credit/Invoice Cancellation 7. Gas Type Codes 8. Use of... emission test reports, when such reports are requested. 5. ISO 17025 Background The Agency proposed to...

  6. 能力本位的高职会计专业课程体系设计%Design of Curriculum System for Higher Vocational Accounting Major Based on Competence Standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵红英

    2012-01-01

    In the core position is always the training course.This article explores the contemporary vocational accounting curriculum design and implementation.In order to convert experience training to strategy training,we should set up curriculum type in accordance with professional basic skills,vocational core skills, career advancement skills, career development skills.%课程始终处于人才培养的核心地位。本文探索当代高职会计课程体系的设计和实施。提出按照职业基础技能、职业核心技能、职业提升技能、职业拓展技能设置课程类型以实现经验型人才培养向策略型人才培养的转换。

  7. How do physicians become medical experts? A test of three competing theories: distinct domains, independent influence and encapsulation models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Violato, Claudio; Gao, Hong; O'Brien, Mary Claire; Grier, David; Shen, E

    2017-07-12

    The distinction between basic sciences and clinical knowledge which has led to a theoretical debate on how medical expertise is developed has implications for medical school and lifelong medical education. This longitudinal, population based observational study was conducted to test the fit of three theories-knowledge encapsulation, independent influence, distinct domains-of the development of medical expertise employing structural equation modelling. Data were collected from 548 physicians (292 men-53.3%; 256 women-46.7%; mean age = 24.2 years on admission) who had graduated from medical school 2009-2014. They included (1) Admissions data of undergraduate grade point average and Medical College Admission Test sub-test scores, (2) Course performance data from years 1, 2, and 3 of medical school, and (3) Performance on the NBME exams (i.e., Step 1, Step 2 CK, and Step 3). Statistical fit indices (Goodness of Fit Index-GFI; standardized root mean squared residual-SRMR; root mean squared error of approximation-RSMEA) and comparative fit [Formula: see text] of three theories of cognitive development of medical expertise were used to assess model fit. There is support for the knowledge encapsulation three factor model of clinical competency (GFI = 0.973, SRMR = 0.043, RSMEA = 0.063) which had superior fit indices to both the independent influence and distinct domains theories ([Formula: see text] vs [Formula: see text] [[Formula: see text

  8. Body shape shifting during growth permits tests that distinguish between competing geometric theories of metabolic scaling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirst, Andrew G.; Glazier, Douglas S.; Atkinson, David

    2014-01-01

    the size dependence of metabolism is derived from material transport across external surfaces, or through internal resource-transport networks. We show that when body shape changes during growth, these models make opposing predictions. These models are tested using pelagic invertebrates, because...... these animals exhibit highly variable intraspecific scaling relationships for metabolic rate and body shape. Metabolic scaling slopes of diverse integument-breathing species were significantly positively correlated with degree of body flattening or elongation during ontogeny, as expected from surface area...

  9. Designing Strategy and Competence-targeted Analysis of Assessment and Diagnostic Materials for the Master’s Studies Tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Dorofeev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes technique, design process, and examples of assessment and diagnostic materials for the written tests for applicants to be admitted to Master’s studies. Their development is based on the objectives of the learning outcomes (LO gained in the course of bachelor, specialist, and master study programmes. The objective is characterised both by category of acquired knowledge, from the fact-gathering one to the meta-knowledge, and by necessary level of activities, which realise gained reproductive-to-creative knowledge, abilities, and skills, and show desirable human personalities appropriate for these activities, i.e. human’s competence.The paper offers and analyses a task option aimed at revealing competence of heterogeneous test for entrance trials. The test includes problems of three levels, which are different in structural complexity and activity in their solution: from reproduction and interpretation of data to the analysis and synthesis of the new information contents with creative elements. It demands that a future graduate has to possess certain personal qualities, be qualified and psychologically ready for the learning activity with a research component.Thus the paper gives examples of tasks with text and graphic interfaces and their benchmark (model solutions. The tasks are formulated on a case technique as a problem situation in the substantive area of the future professional activity. The maximum score assessment is based both on the number of attributive didactic points and on the necessary level of activity. To assess the fulfilled tasks the paper offers a technique that takes into consideration how the result is approximated to the benchmark solution.In developing a substantive ground of the test tasks the paper proposes to use the programmes of propaedeutic disciplines and a local issue of the coursework design. As to drawing up tasks and control of their fulfilment the offer is to involve the faculty staff in

  10. Study protocol of psychometric properties of the Spanish translation of a competence test in evidence based practice: The Fresno test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villafafila-Ferrero Rosa

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are few high-quality instruments for evaluating the effectiveness of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP curricula with objective outcomes measures. The Fresno test is an instrument that evaluates most of EBP steps with a high reliability and validity in the English original version. The present study has the aims to translate the Fresno questionnaire into Spanish and its subsequent validation to ensure the equivalence of the Spanish version against the English original. Methods and design The questionnaire will be translated with the back translation technique and tested in Primary Care Teaching Units in Catalonia (PCTU. Participants will be: (a tutors of Family Medicine residents (expert group; (b Family Medicine residents in their second year of the Family Medicine training program (novice group, and (c Family Medicine physicians (intermediate group. The questionnaire will be administered before and after an educational intervention. The educational intervention will be an interactive four half-day sessions designed to develop the knowledge and skills required to EBP. Responsiveness statistics used in the analysis will be the effect size, the standardised response mean and Guyatt's method. For internal consistency reliability, two measures will be used: corrected item-total correlations and Cronbach's alpha. Inter-rater reliability will be tested using Kappa coefficient for qualitative items and intra-class correlation coefficient for quantitative items and the overall score. Construct validity, item difficulty, item discrimination and feasibility will be determined. Discussion The validation of the Fresno questionnaire into different languages will enable the expansion of the questionnaire, as well as allowing comparison between countries and the evaluation of different teaching models.

  11. Study on the Impacts of Core Specialized Courses Preposition on Core Competency and Vocational Willingness of Midwifery Students%专业核心课程前置对助产学生核心胜任力及职业意愿的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖书娟; 石静; 王静; 李敏

    2015-01-01

    为分析助产专业核心课程前置对学生专业核心胜任力及职业意愿的影响,采用助产士核心胜任力量表对助产专业课程前置试验班及常规对照班学生进行核心胜任力评价,同时使用自制问卷收集其一般资料、成为助产士的意愿及核心课程理论成绩,分析试验组与对照组上述指标的差异性.路径分析模型结果显示,助产专业核心课程前置有利于提高学生专业核心胜任力以及增强学生职业选择成为助产士的意愿.%To analyze the impacts of core specialized courses preposition on the core competency and career willingness of midwifery students, this study evaluated the core competency of students both of core experimental class with core specialized courses preposition and conventional comparative class by using the "midwife core competency scale", meanwhile collected their demographic data and the willingness of being a midwife and the scores of core courses by using self-developed questionnaire, and then analyzed the difference between two groups in the indexes mentioned above. The results through pathway analyzing showed, the core courses preposition of midwifery specialty will improve the core professional competency and the vocational willingness to be midwife of students majoring midwifery specialty.

  12. 高职生考试焦虑状况及影响因素分析%Study on Test Anxiety and Influence Factors of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申鲁军; 杨磊; 罗艳艳

    2016-01-01

    为考察应对方式、心理弹性对高职生考试焦虑的影响,分析应对方式的中介作用,对596名高职生进行考试焦虑问卷(TAS)、特质应对方式问卷(TCSQ)、心理弹性量表(CD-RISC)测评。结果显示,高职生考试焦虑的检出率是49.329%,考试焦虑的性别差异具有显著统计学意义,但年级差异不具有显著统计学意义;消极应对方式与考试焦虑呈显著正相关;积极应对方式、心理弹性与考试焦虑呈显著负相关;应对方式对心理弹性与考试焦虑起部分中介作用。其结论是:心理弹性不仅对考试焦虑产生直接影响,而且通过应对方式间接影响考试焦虑,可以通过培养积极的应对方式和提高心理弹性能力来缓解高职生的考试焦虑。%To explore the effect of coping style and resilience on test anxiety of higher vocational college students and analyze the mediating role of copying style between them, this paper used the Chinese version of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), trait coping style questionnaire (TCSQ )and test anxiety scale (TAS) to test the selected 596 higher vocational college students. Results showed that the detection rate of test anxiety was 49.329%. There was not a significant difference among grade, but significantly different in gender. There was significant positive correlation between passive coping and test anxiety, there was significant negative correlation between test anxiety and active coping, resilience; coping style was a part of the mediating role between resilience and test anxiety. Conclusion is that the resilience not only affects test anxiety of higher vocational college students directly, but also affects the test anxiety indirectly through coping style, and the test anxiety level of higher vocational college students can be reduced by developing positive coping style and improving resilience.

  13. Amnesic H.M.'s performance on the language competence test: parallel deficits in memory and sentence production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKay, Donald G; James, Lori E; Hadley, Christopher B

    2008-04-01

    To test conflicting hypotheses regarding amnesic H.M.'s language abilities, this study examined H.M.'s sentence production on the Language Competence Test (Wiig & Secord, 1988). The task for H.M. and 8 education-, age-, and IQ-matched controls was to describe pictures using a single grammatical sentence containing prespecified target words. The results indicated selective deficits in H.M.'s picture descriptions: H.M. produced fewer single grammatical sentences, included fewer target words, and described the pictures less completely and accurately than did the controls. However, H.M.'s deficits diminished with repeated processing of unfamiliar stimuli and disappeared for familiar stimuli-effects that help explain why other researchers have concluded that H.M.'s language production is intact. Besides resolving the conflicting hypotheses, present results replicated other well-controlled sentence production results and indicated that H.M.'s language and memory exhibit parallel deficits and sparing. Present results comport in detail with binding theory but pose problems for current systems theories of H.M.'s condition.

  14. Discounting of Reward Sequences: a Test of Competing Formal Models of Hyperbolic Discounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noah eZarr

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Humans are known to discount future rewards hyperbolically in time. Nevertheless, a formal recursive model of hyperbolic discounting has been elusive until recently, with the introduction of the hyperbolically discounted temporal difference (HDTD model. Prior to that, models of learning (especially reinforcement learning have relied on exponential discounting, which generally provides poorer fits to behavioral data. Recently, it has been shown that hyperbolic discounting can also be approximated by a summed distribution of exponentially discounted values, instantiated in the µAgents model. The HDTD model and the µAgents model differ in one key respect, namely how they treat sequences of rewards. The µAgents model is a particular implementation of a parallel discounting model, which values sequences based on the summed value of the individual rewards whereas the HDTD model contains a nonlinear interaction. To discriminate among these models, we ascertained how subjects discounted a sequence of three rewards, and then we tested how well each candidate model fit the subject data. The results show that the parallel model generally provides a better fit to the human data.

  15. An empirical test of Birkett’s competency model for management accountants : A confirmative study conducted in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bots, J.M.; Groenland, E.A.G.; Swagerman, D.

    2009-01-01

    In 2002, the Accountants-in-Business section of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) issued the Competency Profiles for Management Accounting Practice and Practitioners report. This “Birkett Report” presents a framework for competency development during the careers of management accoun

  16. An empirical test of Birkett’s competency model for management accountants : A confirmative study conducted in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bots, J.M.; Groenland, E.A.G.; Swagerman, D.

    2009-01-01

    In 2002, the Accountants-in-Business section of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) issued the Competency Profiles for Management Accounting Practice and Practitioners report. This “Birkett Report” presents a framework for competency development during the careers of management accoun

  17. How antipsychotics impact the different dimensions of Schizophrenia: a test of competing hypotheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Tiago Reis; Levine, Stephen Z; Reichenberg, Avi; Kahn, Rene; Derks, Eske M; Fleischhacker, Wolfgang W; Rabinowitz, Jonathan; Kapur, Shitij

    2014-08-01

    The clinical expression of schizophrenia is generally reported to be expressed by three to five different factors (i.e. positive, negative, disorganization, excitability, anxiety-depression symptoms). It is often claimed that antipsychotic medications are particularly helpful for positive symptoms, but not for the others, suggesting a differential efficacy for different aspects of the disorder. We formally tested this claim. Using Structural Equation Modeling in two large [1884 patients] clinical trials in schizophrenia, we compared the model of a common general effect of antipsychotics to models whereby the antipsychotics have multiple and differential effects on the different factors of the illness. We validated the generalizability of the model in further trials involving antipsychotics in chronic [1460 patients] and first-episode patients [1053 patients]. Across different populations, different trials and different antipsychotics - the best-fitting model suggests that symptom response in schizophrenia is underpinned by a single general effect with secondary and minor lower-order effects on specific symptom domains. This single-factor model explained nearly 80% of the variance, was superior to the assumption of unique efficacy for specific domains; and replicated across antipsychotics and illness stages. Despite theoretical and pharmacological claims the differential efficacy of antipsychotics on the various dimensions of schizophrenia is not supported in the prevailing data. The implication of this finding for the measurement of treatment response and our understanding of the neurobiology of antipsychotic action, for clinical practice and for future drug development are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.

  18. The use of the Color Trails Test in the assessment of driver competence: preliminary report of a culture-fair instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkin-Frankston, Seth; Lebowitz, Brian K; Kapust, Lissa R; Hollis, Ann M; O'Connor, Margaret G

    2007-06-01

    Studies have shown that the Trail Making Test (TMT) predicts real-world driving performance in individuals who have cognitive deficits. However, because this test requires knowledge of the Latin alphabet, the TMT may not be appropriate for individuals who are illiterate or for those whom English is not their primary language. Because the Color Trails Test (CTT) is not influenced by knowledge of the alphabet, the CTT may be a culture-fair alternative to the TMT. To date, the utility of the CTT in the evaluation of driver competence has not been established. In the current study, individuals referred for a comprehensive driving assessment underwent testing with the TMT and CTT. The results suggest that the CTT and the TMT provide similar information regarding road-test outcome. Thus, the CTT may be a culture-fair alternative to the TMT in the assessment of driver competence.

  19. 论高职商务德语口译教学中跨文化交际能力的培养策略%A Study on the Strategies of Cultivating Cross-cultural Communication Competence through Business German Interpretation Teaching in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛菲

    2015-01-01

    随着国际互联网和信息高速公路的建立及国际经济文化交流的日益频繁,越来越多的德资企业选择投资中国,为了使学生更加顺利地在德企就业,提高高职德语学生的口译能力和跨文化交际意识变得越来越重要,本文重点研究如何提高学生对文化差异的敏感性及提高高职学生跨文化交际能力的培养策略。%With the establishment of the international internet and information superhighway, the intercourses of economic trade and cul-tural communication have become more and more frequent. An increasing number of German companies now choose to invest in China. To work successfully in German companies, the German students of vocational colleges are required to strengthen the interpreting compe-tence and foster cross-cultural communicative awareness. Therefore, this thesis discusses the strategies on how to cultivate and improve the students' sensitivity of cultural difference and cross-cultural communication competence.

  20. Development and Implementation of Continuing Vocational Pedagogic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Zhukov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to organizing and ensuring the effectiveness of continuing vocational education. The author describes the general theoretical idea of a lifelong education that no longer raises any doubts and objections. The continuing education is regarded as a versatile process affecting psychological, social and professional spheres, and requiring therefore the integrative – i. e. personal, social and competence approach.Referring to the expertise of Kemerovo region, the author considers the functional aspects of continuing vocational teacher training. The main emphasis is on the advantages of the network cooperation of institutions representing different educational levels and structures. Such cooperation involves the qualitative changes of content, as well as economics and management of vocational education. The experimental project of the network lead-up for vocational training masters is described. 

  1. The Relationship of Safe and Participatory School Environments and Supportive Attitudes toward Violence: Evidence from the Colombian Saber Test of Citizenship Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diazgranados, Silvia; Noonan, James

    2015-01-01

    In Colombia, reducing levels of interpersonal and community violence is a key component of the country's approach to citizenship education. In this study, we use data collected during the 2005 Saber test of Citizenship Competencies to examine the relationship of school environments and individual students' supportive attitudes toward…

  2. "It's Important for Them to Know Who They Are": Teachers' Efforts to Sustain Students' Cultural Competence in an Age of High-Stakes Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoch, Melody

    2017-01-01

    This article examines how four urban elementary teachers designed their literacy instruction in ways that sought to sustain students' cultural competence--maintaining their language and cultural practices while also gaining access to more dominant ones--amid expectations to prepare students for high-stakes testing. A large part of their teaching…

  3. Objectively-Measured Impulsivity and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Testing Competing Predictions from the Working Memory and Behavioral Inhibition Models of ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raiker, Joseph S.; Rapport, Mark D.; Kofler, Michael J.; Sarver, Dustin E.

    2012-01-01

    Impulsivity is a hallmark of two of the three DSM-IV ADHD subtypes and is associated with myriad adverse outcomes. Limited research, however, is available concerning the mechanisms and processes that contribute to impulsive responding by children with ADHD. The current study tested predictions from two competing models of ADHD--working memory (WM)…

  4. A Study to Determine the Academic Progression between Economically Disadvantaged Students and Their Economically Advantaged Peers on Georgia's Statewide Criteria Referenced Competency Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, Tonya

    2009-01-01

    This quantitative study implemented a non-experimental design that was descriptive, ex-post facto, and longitudinal. This study is examining economically disadvantaged students (EDS) with comparison to non-economically disadvantaged students (non-EDS) and their academic performance on Georgia's Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT).…

  5. Factors Affecting Teachers' Competence in the Field of Information Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambunan, Hamonangan

    2014-01-01

    The development of learning technology today, have a direct impact on improving teachers' information technology competence. This paper is presented the results of research related to teachers' information technology competence. The study was conducted with a survey of some 245 vocational high school teachers. There are two types of instrument…

  6. Gender Competence of the Modern Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auhadeeva, Ludmila A.; Yarmakeev, Iskander E.; Aukhadeev, Aver E.

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses improvements in education and modern teacher's gender training in terms of a competence-based approach as a basic strategy of general and vocational education development in Russia. The article substantiates the relevance of teachers' gender training and the necessity to use the gender approach in their professional…

  7. The Origins of Competency-Based Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodge, Steven

    2007-01-01

    This article attempts to trace the origins of competency-based training (CBT), the theory of vocational education that underpins the National Training Framework in Australia. A distinction is made between societal and theoretical origins. This paper argues that CBT has its societal origins in the United States of America during the 1950s, 60s and…

  8. On some Issues in the Accelerated CAT-ASVAB (Computerized Adaptive Testing-Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-11-01

    Committee," by Bruce Bloxom, 23 May 1986 [7] Stocking, Martha. "A Progress Report on a LOGIST -based On-line Calibration Method," presentation at ONR...34Recommended Time Limits for ASVAB 8a Power Tests," by Martin F. Wiskoff, 14 Dec 1979 -15- [13] Sympson, James Bradford and Better, Rebecca Danon ...based. Two assumptions which are known to be wrong are the three-parameter logistic form of IRCs, and unidimensionality of the item pool of a given

  9. Developing Strategic Leadership for Administrators: Private Vocational College Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumnongya, Areeya; Sirisuthi, Chaiyuth; Chansirisira, Pacharawit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to study and define a number of factors measuring quality and efficiency in administrators of private vocational college, and to test and evaluate the efficiency of the strategic leadership program. Twelve factors and 83 indicators were identified as vital for strategic leadership for private vocational college…

  10. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  11. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  12. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  13. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  14. Cause Analysis of English Writing Apprehension of Secondary Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    English writing apprehension is an inevitable problem in secondary vocational schools.In the paper,the author analyzes causes in terms of second language proficiency,self-efficacy,first language writing competence and other factors,ultimately,gives teachers some practical proposals.

  15. Vocational Education and Training in Denmark. Short Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education and training in Denmark has embarked on a process of modernisation aiming at, primarily, increasing flexibility, and individualisation, quality and efficiency. Assessment and recognition of informal and non-formal learning, competence-based curricula, innovative approaches to teaching, and increased possibilities for partial…

  16. Education in Values and Moral Education in Vocational Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludecke-Plumer, Sigrid

    2007-01-01

    On the assumption that education in values and moral education are necessary, moral competence (to make judgments) and the structure and development of the faculty of moral judgment should not be disregarded, even in the vocational education system. The main features of Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development are described as a basis for…

  17. Exploring Professional Development Practices for Vocational Education and Training Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kim

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the practice of professional development within the Vocational Education and Training (VET) arena. The study object was to gain the perceptions held by a selected group of VET educators in the tourism and hospitality sector of the professional teaching/training competencies required for effective practice. The study was…

  18. VICA--Polishing the Image of Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, June

    1976-01-01

    The National Leadership Conference and Skill Olympics sponsored by the Vocational Industrial Clubs of America (VICA) demonstrates job skill competency in the building trades, health occupations, automotive technology, electricity/electronics, and personal services. VICA community service projects and leadership training at the local level also…

  19. Cause Analysis of English Writing Apprehension of Secondary Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    English writing apprehension is an inevitable problem in secondary vocational schools.In the paper,the author analyzes causes in terms of second language proficiency,selfefficacy,first language writing competence and other factors,ultimately,gives teachers some practical proposals.

  20. Career Guidance and Student Success in Dutch Higher Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    te Wierik, Mark L. J.; Beishuizen, Jos; van Os, Willem

    2015-01-01

    To enhance student success, a growing number of vocational education and training institutions in the Netherlands are nowadays implementing new career guidance practices in their competence-based approaches to learning. Based on individual-level data of undergraduate first-year full-time students from a Dutch university of applied sciences, this…

  1. 浅析跨文化交际能力在高职生职业素质构建中的作用%The Affects of Cross-Cultural Communicative Competence on the Construct of Occupation Qualities of High Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彭

    2015-01-01

    Higher Vocational Education has the mission to foster high-quality and skilled students, which make the construct of students’occupation qualities very important. With the speeding-up process of global economic integration, the market keeps changing, which give the students’occupation qualities something new. This article first will survey the current situation of the students’cross-culture communicative competence and their occupation qualities in the case of Hefei College of Finance and Economics, then analyses the affects of cross-cultural communicative competence on the construct of occupation qualities. At last, the essay will propose some strategies on the building of cross-cultural communicative competence as well as on the con⁃struction of occupation qualities.%高等职业教育肩负着培养高素质、技能型专门人才的使命,这样的使命让高职生职业素质的构建变得十分重要。随着全球经济一体化进程的加速,市场不断变化,赋予高职生职业素质新的含义。该文以合肥财经职业学院为例,现就高职生的跨文化交际能力和职业素质的现状进行调查,然后分析跨文化交际能力与高职生职业素质构建之间的关系,最后不仅就高职生跨文化交际能力培养提出策略,更对高职生职业素质构建提出可行的方法。

  2. Vocational Guidance for Everyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Describes some of the current problems of vocational guidance, summarizes relevant knowledge and theory in the field, and offers some practical plans for a coordinated, theoretically compatible group of vocational programs, services, and experiences for a high school. (Author/JM)

  3. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  4. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  5. Research on the Cultivation Approach of Professional Core Competence in Vocational Colleges from the Perspective of New Professionalism%新职业主义视角下职业学校职业核心能力培养途径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑文君; 吴铜虎

    2015-01-01

    Under the influence of traditional professional ideology, the curriculum of vocational colleges in our country is too"professional", which emphasizes the students' position ability and professional skill but neglects the cultivation of professional core ability, causing disconnection between vocational education and life ideal, professional technical training and professional core ability. Eventually, students lack social competitiveness, which is not conducive to the sustainable development. With the reference of the advanced ideas of new professionalism, the study assured professional core abilities according to the professional characteristics ,constructed curriculum system according to the professional core ability, reformed teaching mode and methods and explored education path to solve the above problems, so as to realize the common development between professional post ability of vocational education and professional core competence. .%在传统职业主义理念的影响下,我国职业院校的课程设置过于“职业性”,过分强调学生的岗位能力与职业技能,而忽视了职业核心能力的培养,造成职业教育与生活理想的脱节,专业技术培养与职业核心能力的脱节,最终学生缺少社会竞争力,不利于其可持续发展。借鉴新职业主义的先进理念,根据专业特点确定职业核心能力,根据职业核心能力建设课程体系,改革教学模式与方法,拓展培养路径可以解决上述问题,从而实现职业教育专业岗位能力与职业核心能力的共同发展。

  6. 新语言交际能力模型(CLA)对高职英语测试模式的启示%Enlightenments on the English testing pattern from CLA in higher vocational colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏波

    2011-01-01

    English language test is an important part of English teaching, which is an essential way to promote the teaching and learning of English. In order to meet the needs of applied personnel training in higher vocational colleges, English language test should be the focus shifted to examine the English language proficiency of students, and to design a pattern for testing comprehensive English language proficiency. In this paper, Bachman' s new communicative Language Ability (CLA) as the theoretical basis has been touched on, and three implications of testing pattern in higher vocational colleges have been put forward.%英语测试是英语教学的一个重要组成部分,是推动英语教与学一个重要途径。为了适应高职应用型人才培养的需要,应把英语测试的重点转移到考查学生的英语综合应用能力上,设计出一种重点考查学生的英语综合应用能力的英语测试模式。以Bachman提出的新语言交际能力模型(CLA)为理论基础,提出了CLA对高职英语测试模式的三点启示。

  7. The Application of Problem-Based Learning Strategy to Increase High Order Thinking Skills of Senior Vocational School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suprapto, Edy; Fahrizal; Priyono; Basri, K.

    2017-01-01

    This research is to apply and develop a strategy of problem-based learning to increase the ability of higher order thinking skills of senior vocational schools students. The research was done due to a fact that the quality of outputs of the senior vocational schools has not met the competency needed by the stakeholders in the field, that has made…

  8. What makes teacher teams in a vocational education context effective? A qualitative study of managers' view on team working

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Truijen, K.J.P.; Sleegers, P.J.C.; Meelissen, Martina R.M.; Nieuwenhuis, Loek

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important

  9. What makes teacher teams in a vocational education context effective? A qualitative study of managers' view on team working

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Truijen, K.J.P.; Sleegers, P.J.C.; Meelissen, M.R.M.; Nieuwenhuis, A.F.M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important con

  10. What Makes Teacher Teams in a Vocational Education Context Effective?: A Qualitative Study of Managers' View on Team Working

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truijen, K. J. P.; Sleegers, P. J. C.; Meelissen, M. R. M.; Nieuwenhuis, A. F. M.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: At a time when secondary vocational education is implementing competence-based education (CBE) on a large scale, to adapt to the needs of students and of the labour market in a modern society, many vocational schools have recognised that interdisciplinary teacher teams are an important condition for this implementation. In order to…

  11. The cultivation of intercultural communicative competence in Chinese-foreign cooperation class English teaching in vocational colleges%高职中外合作班英语教学中跨文化交际能力的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈彬彦

    2015-01-01

    As China's cooperation with the rest of the world is increasingly close and frequent communication, more and more people are learning English, in order to better learning English, learning western culture related to English is also very important. Chinese-foreign cooperation class however in the current higher vocational English teaching, the teachers and students only focus on four aspects of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills, and neglect the infiltration of western culture learning. The status quo, the author of this paper, from two aspects of students and teachers put forward some solutions and strategies, and provides some references for the higher vocational English teaching.%随着中国与世界各国的合作也交流日益密切与频繁,越来越多的人学习英语,为了更好地学习英语,学习跟英语相关的西方文化也非常重要.然而在目前的高职中外合作班的英语教学中,教师和学生只注重学习听说读写四个方面的技能,而忽视了西方文化的渗透学习.本文针对这种现状,从学生和教师两个方面提出了一些解决方法和策略,为高职英语的教学提供一些参考.

  12. The Delicate Dance: The Assessment Implications of Awarding Students Vocational Qualifications within University Degrees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Erica; Bush, Tony

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the implications for assessment of embedding qualifications from the vocational education and training (VET) sector within university qualifications. As VET qualifications are now all competency based, assessment in the two sectors is quite different, since universities have generally eschewed competency-based training and…

  13. 影响高职高专英语听力技能提高的原因及对策%Factors Affecting the Improvement of English Listening Competency of Students in Higher Vocational and Technical Colleges .and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云霞

    2012-01-01

    Cultivating students' comprehensive competencies in listening, speaking, writing, and translation is the chief objective of English learning. A fairly good command of English listening skills is not only a key step for the improvement of the other four competencies, namely, speaking, writing, and translation, but also a guarantee for language learners' communicative competence development. Therefore; in order to meet social demands for talent cultivation and in order to foster a sustainable development path for language learners, it is imperative that great im- portance be attached to the cultivation and improvement of students' listening competency.%英语学习的目的在于培养学生的听、说、读、写、译五种综合能力。具备良好的听力技能不仅是提高说、读、写、译四种学习技能的关键步骤和重要环节,更是实现语言学习者良好交际的保证。为了适应社会发展对人才的需求,也为了将来学生在工作、生活和学习中的可持续发展,在英语教学中必须重视学生听力能力的培养与提高。

  14. Mathematical Competences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westphael, Henning; Mogensen, Arne

    2013-01-01

    In this article we present the notion of Mathematical competences as a tool to describe the mathematically gifted students.......In this article we present the notion of Mathematical competences as a tool to describe the mathematically gifted students....

  15. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  16. Structure and Profiles of Basic Motor Competencies in the Third Grade-Validation of the Test Instrument MOBAK-3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, Christian; Seelig, Harald

    2016-11-21

    Basic motor competencies are defined as motor performance dispositions that evolve from specific requirements in sports and exercise. After validating the MOBAK-1 instrument for first graders, we developed the MOBAK-3 for the assessment of basic motor competencies in third graders. We investigated the factorial and diagnostic validity of this instrument in a sample of 323 children (age: M = 9.2 years, SD = .39; sex: boys, n = 158, girls, n = 165). A confirmatory factor analysis verified the theoretical structure with the two factors Locomotion and Object Control. By means of latent class analysis, we identified five latent classes that were connected with external criteria. We concluded that the MOBAK-3 effectively evaluates the basic motor competencies of 8- to 10-year-old students.

  17. Math Exit Competencies Handbook for Selected Kentucky Postsecondary Industrial Education Programs: Air Conditioning, Autobody, Automechanics, Carpentry, Drafting, Electricity, Electronics, Graphic Arts, Machine Shop, Masonry, Welding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louisville Univ., KY. Dept. of Occupational and Career Education.

    This handbook is intended to assist postsecondary Kentucky vocational education instructors in determining the mathematics competencies that they should address in their courses. The competency listings and resource information included in the handbook are based on information obtained from 109 postsecondary vocational instructors throughout the…

  18. Competing Values in the Culinary Arts and Hospitality Industry: Leadership Roles and Managerial Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggs, Michael W.; Hughey, Aaron W.

    2011-01-01

    It is important that education and training programmes align with the needs of the professions they are designed to support. The culinary arts and hospitality industry is a vocational area that needs to be examined more closely to ensure that the skills and competencies taught are those that will actually be needed when students matriculate from…

  19. Competing Values in the Culinary Arts and Hospitality Industry: Leadership Roles and Managerial Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riggs, Michael W.; Hughey, Aaron W.

    2011-01-01

    It is important that education and training programmes align with the needs of the professions they are designed to support. The culinary arts and hospitality industry is a vocational area that needs to be examined more closely to ensure that the skills and competencies taught are those that will actually be needed when students matriculate from…

  20. Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienengräber, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence Kohlberg…

  1. Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienengräber, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence Kohlberg…

  2. The Influence of Teachers' Career Guidance Profiles on Students' Career Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittendorff, Kariene; Beijaard, Douwe; den Brok, Perry; Koopman, Maaike

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we examine the relationship between different career guidance styles of vocational education teachers and vocational education students' career competencies (i.e. career reflection, career exploration and networking). Questionnaires on students' perceptions of the career guidance of their teachers during career conversations, and…

  3. The Influence of Teachers' Career Guidance Profiles on Students' Career Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittendorff, Kariene; Beijaard, Douwe; den Brok, Perry; Koopman, Maaike

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we examine the relationship between different career guidance styles of vocational education teachers and vocational education students' career competencies (i.e. career reflection, career exploration and networking). Questionnaires on students' perceptions of the career guidance of their teachers during career conversations, and…

  4. Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienengräber, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence…

  5. The Place of Vocational Pedagogy in Pedagogical Science System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Ronzhina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to defining the place of professional pedagogy in the system of pedagogic sciences. It is justified by the goal-setting idea that implies the competent personality development in the process of vocational training and life long self-development. The need for vocational pedagogy was caused by the social demand for the unified successive system of vocational training. The pedagogic problems can be divided according to the goal setting into the two main categories: integration into the social and natural environment (socialization, and integration in professional environment (professionalism. Therefore, pedagogy incorporates two main spheres: the general and vocational pedagogy, in which the other types of pedagogic knowledge are specified. In compliance with the goal setting, the pedagogic issues of teacher training are also divided into two groups: 1 training teachers for socialization system– the goal of pedagogic training; 2 training teachers for professional system – the goal of vocational teacher training. Such division is rather formal as every educational establishment within the framework of the federal educational standards provides up-bringing, general education, personal and civil growth, etc. However, the author demonstrates the specificity of general and vocational education in accordance with the set goals. 

  6. The Place of Vocational Pedagogy in Pedagogical Science System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Ronzhina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to defining the place of professional pedagogy in the system of pedagogic sciences. It is justified by the goal-setting idea that implies the competent personality development in the process of vocational training and life long self-development. The need for vocational pedagogy was caused by the social demand for the unified successive system of vocational training. The pedagogic problems can be divided according to the goal setting into the two main categories: integration into the social and natural environment (socialization, and integration in professional environment (professionalism. Therefore, pedagogy incorporates two main spheres: the general and vocational pedagogy, in which the other types of pedagogic knowledge are specified. In compliance with the goal setting, the pedagogic issues of teacher training are also divided into two groups: 1 training teachers for socialization system– the goal of pedagogic training; 2 training teachers for professional system – the goal of vocational teacher training. Such division is rather formal as every educational establishment within the framework of the federal educational standards provides up-bringing, general education, personal and civil growth, etc. However, the author demonstrates the specificity of general and vocational education in accordance with the set goals. 

  7. Ideal Effect of Self-Learning Process of Adaptation of Graduate Nurses to Face Test Competence in Poltekkes Ministry of Health Makassar, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nur

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the implementation of the rules on liability competency testing for prospective nurses, any nursing college graduates are required to take the exam. The low yield competence test is a real picture of the low academic performance of students. Various factors are thought to have an important influence on the issue. The purpose of this study to see the effect of your ideal self, academic goals, motivation, and GPA to the adaptation process of learning graduates in the face of national competency test in polytechnic Ministry of Health Makassar. This study was observational analytic correlation cross-sectional approach to the new graduate nurses as 107 samples from 192 populations obtained by systematic random sampling. The research was conducted from June to November 2016 at the Department of Nursing of Ministry of Health of Makassar. The results showed that the ideal self correlation with academic goals (r = -0152, p = 0.119, academic goals with the adaptation process (r = 0.040, p = 0.681, the ideal self with academic motivation (r = -0073, p = 0.458 , the ideal self with the adaptation process (r = -0299, p = 0.002, with the goal of academic motivation (r = 0566, p = 0.000, academic motivation in the process of adaptation (r = 0158, p = 0.104, with the academic skills the adaptation process (r = -0.134, p = 0.169. The conclusion that the ideal self is too high to lower the capacity of the adaptation process of learning graduates to prepare for a test of competence nor vice versa. Academic motivation has a strong enough influence on the process of learning adaptation prospective graduate nurses.

  8. Integrating authentic assessment with competency based learning: the Protocol Portfolio Scoring.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sluijsmans, Dominique; Straetmans, Gerard; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen

    2009-01-01

    Sluijsmans, D. M. A., Straetmans, G., & Van Merriënboer, J. (2008). Integrating authentic assessment with competency based learning: the Protocol Portfolio Scoring. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 60(2), 157-172.

  9. Teachers’ individual action theories about competence-based education: the value of the cognitive apprenticeship model

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Seezink, A., Poell, R. F., & Kirschner, P. A. (2009). Teachers' individual action theories about competence-based education: The value of the cognitive apprenticeship model. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 61, 203-215.

  10. On Improving Higher Vocational College Education Quality Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiang; Chen, Yan; Zhang, Jie; Wang, Yi

    Teaching quality assessment is a judgment process by using the theory and technology of education evaluation system to test whether the process and result of teaching have got to a certain quality level. Many vocational schools have established teaching quality assessment systems of their own characteristics as the basic means to do self-examination and teaching behavior adjustment. Combined with the characteristics and requirements of the vocational education and by analyzing the problems exist in contemporary vocational school, form the perspective of the content, assessment criteria and feedback system of the teaching quality assessment to optimize the system, to complete the teaching quality information net and offer suggestions for feedback channels, to make the institutionalization, standardization of the vocational schools and indeed to make contribution for the overall improvement of the quality of vocational schools.

  11. Modifying Defining Issues Test (DIT) as a Tool for Assessing Secondary Students' Social-Emotional Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ee, Jessie

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of an alternative instrument to assess the social-emotional competence (SEC) of secondary school students in Singapore. The instrument was used in a larger study to explore an approach to infuse social-emotional learning in the curriculum for children in school. The design of this research instrument is based on the…

  12. Operationalizing TIGER NI Competencies for Online Assessment of Perceived Competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Kathy M; Dee, McGonigle; Hebda, Toni

    2012-01-01

    Competencies in nursing informatics (NI) are needed by every nurse. The TIGER Initiative published a set of NI competencies for every nurse in 2009. A research project focused on using these competencies is underway. A systematic instrument-development process is used to adapt these competencies for use in an online instrument. Results of a modified Delphi method, content-validity assessment, and pilot testing are related. Plans for ongoing research are shared.

  13. Vocational Core Competencies Training Using in Computer Teaching%浅析计算机专业课程教学中融入职业核心能力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐芳

    2011-01-01

    Corporate demand for talent in addition to professional skills,professional qualities have higher requirements,which is often more students into the workplace after a lack of ability,this paper analyzes the current vocational college students the actual situation,proposed computer science teaching in the core of the professional abilities of students of specific implementation plans to enable students to teamwork,communication skills,self-management capabilities to be effectively improved.%企业对人才的需求除专业技能外,对职业素养也有较高的要求,而这往往是学生步入职场后较为缺乏的能力,本文分析了高职院校目前的生源实际情况,提出在计算机专业课程教学中对学生核心职业能力的培养的具体实施方案,使学生的团队合作、沟通能力、自我管理等能力得到有效提升。

  14. Brain Damage in Deaf Vocational Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Marc; Vernon, McCay

    1986-01-01

    Screening of 54 deaf vocational clients by the Bender-Gestalt and other tests indicated the likely presence of significantly more brain damage than among the hearing population with a particularly high correlation between low IQ and brain damage in the deaf population. (DB)

  15. Repeated testing improves achievement in a blended learning approach for risk competence training of medical students: results of a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spreckelsen, C; Juenger, J

    2017-09-26

    Adequate estimation and communication of risks is a critical competence of physicians. Due to an evident lack of these competences, effective training addressing risk competence during medical education is needed. Test-enhanced learning has been shown to produce marked effects on achievements. This study aimed to investigate the effect of repeated tests implemented on top of a blended learning program for risk competence. We introduced a blended-learning curriculum for risk estimation and risk communication based on a set of operationalized learning objectives, which was integrated into a mandatory course "Evidence-based Medicine" for third-year students. A randomized controlled trial addressed the effect of repeated testing on achievement as measured by the students' pre- and post-training score (nine multiple-choice items). Basic numeracy and statistical literacy were assessed at baseline. Analysis relied on descriptive statistics (histograms, box plots, scatter plots, and summary of descriptive measures), bootstrapped confidence intervals, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), and effect sizes (Cohen's d, r) based on adjusted means and standard deviations. All of the 114 students enrolled in the course consented to take part in the study and were assigned to either the intervention or control group (both: n = 57) by balanced randomization. Five participants dropped out due to non-compliance (control: 4, intervention: 1). Both groups profited considerably from the program in general (Cohen's d for overall pre vs. post scores: 2.61). Repeated testing yielded an additional positive effect: while the covariate (baseline score) exhibits no relation to the post-intervention score, F(1, 106) = 2.88, p > .05, there was a significant effect of the intervention (repeated tests scenario) on learning achievement, F(1106) = 12.72, p blended learning approach can be improved significantly by implementing a test-enhanced learning design, namely repeated testing. As

  16. Leadership Competences Among Managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Baczynska

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this paper is to present the results of a survey conducted among managers (N=38 in the framework of the project “Development of the Bounded Leadership Theory”. The research juxtaposes two types of variables: (1 leadership competencies outlined in Kozminski’s theory (i.e. anticipatory, visionary, value-creating, mobilizing, self-reflection with (2 three psychological predispositions of leaders, such as intelligence, personality and ability to influence others. The tested predispositions represented three groups: non-variable traits, or permanent characteristics (intelligence, partially variable characteristics (personality and variable characteristics (influence tactics. Methodology: A total of 38 middle and senior managers, students of the MBA programme at Kozminski University, took part in the survey. Participants flled out a preliminary version of the Leadership Competence Questionnaire, as well as tests pertaining to intelligence, personality and influence tactics. The hypotheses were tested using Spearman’s rho correlation. The research has brought interesting results relating to the correlation between the fve tested competencies and leadership predispositions. Findings: Permanent and partly stable characteristics do not correlate with leadership competencies, i.e. a high score in leadership competencies is not necessarily synonymous with high intelligence levels or positive personality traits. Correlations have been observed between mobilization skills and influence tactics in the surveyed sample, i.e. legitimacy and personal appeals that leaders have recourse to and, in the case of value-creating competencies, an interesting correlation with legitimacy. Originality: The study constitutes an important contribution to the extant literature, as – first and foremost – it represents a new approach to the understanding of leadership competencies. Secondly, it reveals correlations between complex skills, i

  17. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  18. 高职院校培养学生跨文化交际能力的探索与实践--以影片《推手》的跨文化教学为例%Exploration and Practice on Intercultural Communicative Competence Cultivation for Students in Higher Vocational Colleges:Taking Intercultural Teaching of Film Pushing Hands as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧; 尹衍杰

    2014-01-01

    随着世界全球化进程的飞速发展,社会对跨文化交际能力强的人才需求不断增长。培养学生自觉的跨文化意识、提高学生的跨文化交际能力已成为高职高专教育的培养目标之一。电影作为独特的文化载体,自身承载着丰富的语言和文化信息,能带给观看者经久不忘的文化体验。因此,在外语教学过程中,教师将电影纳入外语教学体系,运用文化体验和体验式学习的理论成果,通过有效的教学设计,可以使电影教学成为培养和提高学生跨文化交际能力的有效途径,从而达到外语教学的最终目标。%With the acceleration of globalization ,the social need for the talents with strong inter-cultural communicative competence has been increasing all the way .Cultivating the students’ inter-cultural awareness and improving their intercultural communicative competence has become one of the cultivation aims in higher vocational education .Film ,as a unique cultural carrier ,offers a wealth of information about language and culture .It can give the viewers enduring cultural experience .There-fore ,in foreign language teaching and learning ,on condition that the teachers put film teaching into the teaching system of foreign language education and utilize the theoretical achievement of cultural experience and experiential learning ,film teaching can become an effective way in cultivating and im-proving the students'intercultural communicative competence and help to achieve the ultimate goal of foreign language teaching .

  19. Opportunities for vocational training and training in investment project management in Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Vanya Antonova

    2015-01-01

    Possessing the necessary knowledge, skills and competences in the area of project management is a compulsory condition and major prerequisite for achieving professional management. In the article there are studied the possibilities for vocational education and training in the area of project management, specifically the management of investment projects. The analysis is built on types of institution, encompassing both the system of vocational education and training (including professional sec...

  20. An Analysis of Teacher's Professional Development of Higher Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫艳萍

    2016-01-01

    Teachers are the backbones of any educational institutions. They not only play vital roles in students'development;they also directly affect the stature of their respective scholastic organizations. Highly qualified instructors produce competent and well-rounded students—learners who are more than ready to face the quirks and challenges of the labor force. This paper primarily discusses the following questions:What is teacher's professional development? What is higher vocational teacher's professional development? And how can scholastic institutions promote it? The conclusion states that the characteristics of high-er vocational education directly influence the higher vocational teacher's professional development;therefore, it must be nur-tured and promoted for the development of all the stakeholders of learning institutions–students, teachers, management staff, the learning institution itself, and the nation as a whole.

  1. Handbook on Marketing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, William R.

    Compiled after interviews with vocational educators at urban and rural joint vocational schools, comprehensive high schools, and career centers considered to be successful at marketing vocational education locally in Ohio, this handbook contains information on successful marketing activities that other local educators can undertake. Section I…

  2. FACTORS AND CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE ECONOMISTS BY MEANS OF NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadiia М. Boliubash

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article factors and conditions of formation of professional competence of future economists revealed by the author are considered in case of introduction of network technologies on the basis of information Moodle environment into the system of traditional vocational training. The author has given the characteristic of the designated conditions, made their theoretical substantiation, has opened the importance of their use in vocational training of the future experts and has carried out the scientific substantiation of diagnostics of levels of formation of professional competence. The relevance of the research is caused by needs of society in introduction of the newest information technology into the vocational education.

  3. Competency assessment of nursing staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, Lynn

    2006-01-01

    Changes in the healthcare industry have created great challenges for leaders of acute-care organizations. One of the greatest challenges is ensuring a competent nursing staff to care for patients within this changing environment (Boylan & Westra, 1998). Patients are more acutely ill and have shorter lengths of stay, placing greater demands on nurses who must demonstrate competency in caring for increasingly complex patients in a continually changing healthcare environment. Competency is defined as "the knowledge, skills, ability and behaviors that a person possesses in order to perform tasks correctly and skillfully" (O'Shea, 2002, p. 175). Competency assessment involves more than a checklist and a test. Hospitals are required to assess, maintain, demonstrate, track, and improve the competence of the staff. Competency assessment is an ongoing process of initial development, maintenance of knowledge and skills, educational consultation, remediation, and redevelopment. Methods to assess competencies include competency fairs, Performance Based Development System and online programs. Certain key people should be involved in the development of competencies. The department managers can give input related to department-specific competencies. Experienced staff members can provide valuable insight into the competencies that need to be assessed. Educators should be involved for providing the input for the methods used to validate competencies. Competencies are an important part of the work world. They are a part of a continual process to help ensure that the organization provides a high-quality care to its customers and patients.

  4. Outsourcing competence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.; Delen, G.; van Vlijmen, B.

    2011-01-01

    The topic of this paper, competences needed for outsourcing, is organized by first providing a generic competence scheme, which is subsequently instantiated to the area of sourcing and outsourcing. Sourcing and outsourcing are positioned as different areas of activity, neither one of which is

  5. Methodology for vocational psychodiagnostics of senior schoolchildren using information technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanovskaya, I. M.; Kosheleva, A. N.; Kiselev, P. B.; Davydova, Yu. A.

    2017-01-01

    The article identifies the role and main problems of vocational psychodiagnostics in modern socio-cultural conditions. It analyzes the potentials of information technologies in vocational psychodiagnostics of senior schoolchildren. The article describes the theoretical and methodological grounds, content and diagnostic potentials of the computerized method in vocational psychodiagnostics. The computerized method includes three blocks of sub-tests to identify intellectual potential, personal qualities, professional interests and values, career orientations, as well as subtests to analyze the specific life experience of senior schoolchildren. The results of diagnostics allow developing an integrated psychodiagnostic conclusion with recommendations. The article contains options of software architecture for the given method.

  6. Timespacing competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Helle Pia; Mogensen, Naja Dahlstrup

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on Kramsch’s (2009) conceptualization of the multilingual subject and the symbolic self, in this paper, we explore how multilingual children re-signify three intertwined myths about the bilingual student, linguistic diversity and language competence, when, in the researcher-generated acti......Drawing on Kramsch’s (2009) conceptualization of the multilingual subject and the symbolic self, in this paper, we explore how multilingual children re-signify three intertwined myths about the bilingual student, linguistic diversity and language competence, when, in the researcher....... By perceiving competences from a subjective child perspective, we learn how children do what we call timespacing competence. On that basis, we suggest paying attention to how children themselves timespace competence by focusing (more consistently) on the subjective, social, spatial and temporal dimensions...

  7. Competencies assessment using fuzzy logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matej Jevšček

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Research Question: Competencies evaluation is complex. The question is how to evaluate a competency which was assessed with 360° feedback, in one result using fuzzy logic tools so the result represents an actual competency development in an individual. Purpose: The purpose and goal of the study is to determine a possible process of competency evaluation that would enable creating a single competency assessment using fuzzy logic methods. Method: The theoretical part examines the current state and terminology of competencies and fuzzy logic. The empirical part consists of a quantitative research study. Data from the survey questionnaire was used for model testing. Results: An example of an »Initiative« competency evaluation model is created and tested in the research study. Testing confirmed that evaluation using fuzzy logic is efficient. Organization: The study directly affects the development of the HR function in organizations. It enables an easier and more oriented competency evaluation. Society: The study enables easier orientation in competencies development that can improve the social order as well as social responsibility and the environment indirectly. Originality: The study presents a new competency evaluation model using fuzzy logic. Limitations/Future Research: The study is restricted to one competency and certain assessors. Further research could explore the model with several assessors of the same rank.

  8. Distance Education of Vocational High Schools in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuğçe GÜNTER

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of vocational high schools is to teach qualified, high self-sufficient, self-confident, technical staff who have critical and mathematical thinking competence and who can utilize science and technology efficiently. However, because of the limitations of traditional education, students can not take enough education attendance. In this context; along with the advances in science and technology area, “Web- Based Distance Education Programme”, which provides equal education conditions to students, is developed. This programme has got great progresses in abroad, and has also started to practice in Turkish Vocational High Schools. It is determined that some Vocational High Schools have applied Web-Based Distance Education in Medical Documentation and Secretarial (MDS and Medical Laboratory Techniques (MLT Associate Degree Programmes which are also existed in Bülent Ecevit University (BEU Ahmet Erdoğan Health Services Vocational High School. It is observed that the universities, that implemented distance education in these associate degree programmes, have higher technical infrastructure and they design a constructivism-based modules. It is considered that this distance education programme for MDS and MLT Associate Degree Programmes in certain Vocational Schools, can also be implemented for students in Medical Documentation and Secretarial (MDS and Medical Laboratory Techniques (MLT which continues education by computers and overhead projector that is slightly different from traditional education.

  9. Dropout in vocational education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    For the last ten years drop out of vocational education has increased strongly in Denmark. Only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme on upper secondary level, complete it. Like in other European countries the low completion rates has caused considerable alarm on the political...... level (Lamb and Markussen 2011). Continuing high dropout rates will make it very hard for the government to reach its target for educational completion, and the government has launched a series of measures to increase retention including the obligation for all colleges to make plans for retention...

  10. How Competency-Based Training Locks the Working Class out of Powerful Knowledge: A Modified Bernsteinian Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelahan, Leesa

    2007-01-01

    This paper argues that competency-based training in vocational education and training in Australia is one mechanism through which the working class is denied access to powerful knowledge represented by the academic disciplines. The paper presents a modified Bernsteinian analysis to argue that vocational education and training students need access…

  11. Identify Administrative Support Necessary to Implement CBVE. Self-Instructional Competency-Based Professional Teacher Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oen, Urban T.

    This publication is part of a series of self-instructional teacher training manuals designed to assist vocational-technical educators or industrial trainers to develop and implement competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs in a school or industrial setting. The manual consists of the following sections: cover page that contains the…

  12. Competence Building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borrás, Susana; Edquist, Charles

    on the one hand, and the real world of innovation policy-making on the other, typically not speaking to each other. With this purpose in mind, this paper discusses the role of competences and competence-building in the innovation process from a perspective of innovation systems; it examines how governments...... and public agencies in different countries and different times have actually approached the issue of building, maintaining and using competences in their innovation systems; it examines what are the critical and most important issues at stake from the point of view of innovation policy, looking particularly...

  13. Is interoceptive awareness really altered in somatoform disorders? Testing competing theories with two paradigms of heartbeat perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Manuela; Egloff, Boris; Witthöft, Michael

    2012-08-01

    Alterations in the perception of body signals (i.e., interoceptive awareness [IA]) are considered crucial for the development and maintenance of somatoform disorders (SFDs). However, competing theories come to different conclusions about whether IA is increased or decreased in SFDs. The present study investigated IA in 23 patients with SFDs (as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) and in 27 healthy controls. IA was reliably assessed with two well-established heartbeat perception paradigms (heartbeat discrimination task and mental tracking task). The results of both paradigms showed no evidence for increased IA in patients with SFDs. Correlational analyses revealed that having a higher number of somatoform symptoms was significantly linked to lower (rather than higher) IA in SFDs. These findings are in line with recent cognitive approaches to SFDs that stress the importance of biased schema-guided processing of interoceptive information. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

  14. Do Job Demands of Chinese Manufacturing Employees Predict Positive or Negative Outcomes? A Test of Competing Hypotheses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Janelle H; Sinclair, Robert R; Shi, Junqi; Wang, Mo

    2015-12-01

    Karasek's job demands-control (JDC) model posits that job control can buffer against the harmful effects of demands experienced by employees. A large volume of JDC research has obtained support for the main effects of demands and control, but not the interactive effects. Recent research on the challenge-hindrance stressors framework, however, found that work stressors may not always be deleterious, suggesting alternative hypotheses about the effects of demands and control. The present study therefore examined competing hypotheses concerning the effects of job demands on occupational health outcomes. Using a sample of 316 employees in a Chinese manufacturing company, we found that, consistent with the challenge-hindrance framework, production demands were challenge stressors associated with favourable outcomes (i.e. job satisfaction and psychological well-being). In addition, results showed that the interactive role of job control depended on the nature of outcome variables. Future recommendations and implications of findings are discussed.

  15. 高职高专英语教育出版传播受众的媒介素养教育--安徽新闻出版职业学院学生英语媒介素养调查与思考%Media literacy education of higher professional publishing audience in higher vocational English education--Investigation and thinking of English students’ competence of Anhui News and Publishing Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯薇育

    2014-01-01

    以笔者任课学院的高职高专学生为对象,进行英语媒介素养教育问卷调查,并结合目前我国英语教育行业出版传播的发展现状,分析高职高专学生开展英语媒介素养教育的必要性,综合该层次学生英语学习中排斥性和困难性的特点,依据传播学原理,从个体因素层面和外部因素层面提出面向高职高专学生英语媒介素养教育的方法。%Making a study of the questionnaire survey on the education of media literacy on the English subject for the students of the higher vocational college in Anhui News and Publishing Vocational College, combined with analysis of the present situation in the publishing and communication industry of the English education area--especially for the higher vocational colleges, this essay points out that it is necessary for the teachers of the higher vocational colleges to carry out the education of media literacy on the English subject. By giving an explanation of the two features of the students’ learning in the higher vocational college, which can be concluded as exclusion as well as difficulty, it puts forward proposals on how to give the students of the higher vocational colleges an effective method of the education practiced by the students themselves from the factor of individual difference as well as the education directed by the teachers from the factor of external function.

  16. Assessing Competence in Pediatric Cardiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Apul E.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    In response to the need to assure physician competence, a rating scale was developed at the University of Minnesota Medical School for use in evaluating clinical competence in pediatric cardiology. It was tested on first- and second-year specialists. Development and testing procedures are described. (JT)

  17. Assessing Competence in Pediatric Cardiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Apul E.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    In response to the need to assure physician competence, a rating scale was developed at the University of Minnesota Medical School for use in evaluating clinical competence in pediatric cardiology. It was tested on first- and second-year specialists. Development and testing procedures are described. (JT)

  18. Production competence revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szász, Levente; Demeter, Krisztina; Boer, Harry

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to seek remedy to two major flaws of the production competence literature, which concern: the way the production competence construct is operationalized and the way its effects on performance are measured. Design/methodology/approach – The paper proposes...... to measure production competence as the two-dimensional operational level construct it actually is, and to use Slack’s (1994) importance performance matrix to study its business level performance effects. The three hypotheses developed are tested using a subsample of the International Manufacturing Strategy...... Survey database, which includes 465 manufacturing companies from 21 countries. Findings – The study offers additional empirical support for production competence theory. Going beyond supporting existing theory, the results give more detailed insight by indicating that low operational performance on even...

  19. An Experimental Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Selected Techniques and Resources on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahler, Alan A.

    The study was designed to test new instructional techniques in vocational agriculture, determine their effectiveness on student achievement, and compare individual and group instructional techniques. Forty-eight randomly selected Iowa high school vocational agriculture programs with enrollments of 35 students or more, were selected for testing the…

  20. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  1. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  2. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  3. Competency-based Training: Evidence of a Failed Policy in Training Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornford, Ian R.

    2000-01-01

    Examines whether competency-based training is working in practice in Australian vocational education and whether it is producing superior skill performance. Explores the ideological nature of the competency-based training policy framework and the nature of related research commissioned by government agencies. Reviews the empirical evidence that…

  4. An Analysis of the Competency-Based Secondary Mathematics Curriculum in Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egodawatte, Gunawardena

    2014-01-01

    In education, there is a growing interest in the concept of "competency" especially in vocational training and professional development. The concept is strongly associated with the ability to apply knowledge and skills in effective ways in unanticipated situations. In Sri Lanka, a new competency-based mathematics curriculum was…

  5. Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

  6. Model Competency-Based Instruction Project 1981-1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sade, Patricia A.

    As an illustration of competency-based instruction in action, this publication contains a curriculum guide, sample lesson plans, and an explanation of how these materials were derived and implemented in a public school district Comprehensive Employment and Training Act vocational education program in Springfield, Missouri. The model contains a…

  7. Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Charlotte

    Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

  8. Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

  9. An evaluation of patient self-testing competency of prothrombin time for managing anticoagulation: pre-randomization results of VA Cooperative Study #481--The Home INR Study (THINRS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolor, Rowena J; Ruybalid, R Lynne; Uyeda, Lauren; Edson, Robert G; Phibbs, Ciaran; Vertrees, Julia E; Shih, Mei-Chiung; Jacobson, Alan K; Matchar, David B

    2010-10-01

    Prior studies suggest patient self-testing (PST) of prothrombin time (PT) can improve the quality of anticoagulation (AC) and reduce complications (e.g., bleeding and thromboembolic events). "The Home INR Study" (THINRS) compared AC management with frequent PST using a home monitoring device to high-quality AC management (HQACM) with clinic-based monitoring on major health outcomes. A key clinical and policy question is whether and which patients can successfully use such devices. We report the results of Part 1 of THINRS in which patients and caregivers were evaluated for their ability to perform PST. Study-eligible patients (n = 3643) were trained to use the home monitoring device and evaluated after 2-4 weeks for PST competency. Information about demographics, medical history, warfarin use, medications, plus measures of numeracy, literacy, cognition, dexterity, and satisfaction with AC were collected. Approximately 80% (2931 of 3643) of patients trained on PST demonstrated competency; of these, 8% (238) required caregiver assistance. Testers who were not competent to perform PST had higher numbers of practice attempts, higher cuvette wastage, and were less able to perform a fingerstick or obtain blood for the cuvette in a timely fashion. Factors associated with failure to pass PST training included increased age, previous stroke history, poor cognition, and poor manual dexterity. A majority of patients were able to perform PST. Successful home monitoring of PT with a PST device required adequate levels of cognition and manual dexterity. Training a caregiver modestly increased the proportion of patients who can perform PST.

  10. Applied Research on the Construction of the Textbook-based Test Item Bank for the Course of English in Vocational Colleges%高职英语课程性试题库建设的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹园艳; 李志萍

    2012-01-01

    科学的测试是提高教学质量的必要保证,因此建立科学合理的测试系统非常必要。在分析建设高职英语课程性试题库必要性的基础上,探讨试题库的命题策略,以重庆电子工程职业学院的实例阐述试题库的实际应用效果,并提出在试题库建设中应注意的问题。%Scientific tests provide essential guarantee for the improvement of the quality of teaching, so the establish ment of a scientific and effective test system is indeed necessary. Based on the analysis of the necessity of the con struction of the textbookbased test item bank for the course of English in vocational colleges, this essay probes into its test design strategies. Besides, this essay also expounds its practical application in Chongqing College of Electron ic Engineering as well as pointing out the problems in its construction which should be paid attention to.

  11. PLURILINGUAL COMPETENCE, STYLES AND VARIATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyrki Kalliokoski

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores plurilingual competence in respect to language proficiency, language education and pluri- and multilingualism. The notion of communicative competence was introduced by Hymes (1972 as a reaction to chomskyan view of language as an autonomous system. Hymes’ notion of communicative competence originally included plurilingualism. The concept of communicative competence was quickly adopted to applied linguistics but the idea of a linguistic repertoire consisting of the competencies of linguistic varieties was not imported to SLA or language testing. The Hymesian perspective to plurilingualism as an essential dimension of communicative competence was revived in the Common European Framework (CEFR. However,the practice of applying the CEFR has mostly neglected the dimension on plurilingualism and plurilingual competence. The focus in the use of the CEFR has been on the different areas of language skills within one single language at a time, while the application of plurilingual practices has gained very little attention. The Hymesian notion of communicative competence has lived on in the sociolinguistic research tradition, especially within interactional sociolinguistics. The present paper relates the notion of plurilingual competence to its hymesian origin, to recent trends in plurilingual and pluricultural education, and to the sociolinguistic study of style and linguistic variation in multilingual communities. The article uses Finnish L2 data to show how plurilingual competence is used as an interactional resource.From the perspective of language learning, plurilingual competence enables speakers with different linguistic backgrounds to use their shared linguistic repertoire in order to ensure smooth interaction and achieve mutual understanding.

  12. A work-family conflict/subjective well-being process model: a test of competing theories of longitudinal effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Russell A; Wayne, Julie Holliday; Ford, Michael T

    2014-11-01

    In the present study, we examine competing predictions of stress reaction models and adaptation theories regarding the longitudinal relationship between work-family conflict and subjective well-being. Based on data from 432 participants over 3 time points with 2 lags of varying lengths (i.e., 1 month, 6 months), our findings suggest that in the short term, consistent with prior theory and research, work-family conflict is associated with poorer subjective well-being. Counter to traditional work-family predictions but consistent with adaptation theories, after accounting for concurrent levels of work-family conflict as well as past levels of subjective well-being, past exposure to work-family conflict was associated with higher levels of subjective well-being over time. Moreover, evidence was found for reverse causation in that greater subjective well-being at 1 point in time was associated with reduced work-family conflict at a subsequent point in time. Finally, the pattern of results did not vary as a function of using different temporal lags. We discuss the theoretical, research, and practical implications of our findings. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Points in the set-up of tests for fMRI. Toward the delineation of language-competent areas in clinical practice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takashima, Hisaharu; Ejima, Mitsuhiro; Takeyama, Mamoru; Yamaguchi, Masami; Sato, Yoshino [Tokyo Women' s Medical Coll. (Japan). Hospital

    2001-06-01

    This hospital has performed fMRI of language-competent areas of the brain to identify the language-dominant hemisphere and obtain the configuration of the focus in the language-dominant side of the brain. Until now, signals have been detected in only two of fifteen patients who were diagnosed by language tests of a last-syllable word chain. In the present experiment, we tried to have subjects select the type of test. The result was that changes in signals were detected in eight of ten patients. Although the set-up of tests for fMRI is said to hold significant value, clear-cut studies to back this up have rarely been seen. Because clinical medicine treats patients who have difficulty in communication or suffer from aphasia, it is important to take into consideration individual variations and to set up a test suitable for, or achievable by, these individuals. The present method enabled us to avoid failure in examination caused by unsuccessful tests. (author)

  14. The Test Scheme Design of Higher Vocational Practical Writing Course Based on the Procedural Examination%基于过程性考核的高职应用写作课程考试方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶磊

    2014-01-01

    The procedural examination of higher vocational practical writing course is a comprehensive evaluation system that integrating writing training and practice project with course examination.Ability testing and comprehensive quality testing,diversified evaluation and the whole evaluation are basic principles,and learning attitudes and class skill training and assessment of comprehensive practice are the main module.Students’writing skills and the comprehensive quality will be tested together.%高职应用写作课程的过程性考核是将写作训练和实践项目与课程考核融为一体,边教边学边做边考核,同时将学习态度要素包含于内的综合评价体系。方案设计以能力测试、综合素质测试、多元化评价、全程性评价为基本原则,以学习态度、课时技能训练和综合实践考核为主要模块,不仅考核学生写作技能的获得,也考核其综合素质的提升。

  15. 中德跨文化冲突处理能力测试的开发%Developing the Competence Test of Managing Cultural Conflicts between Germany and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔文静

    2016-01-01

    The competence of managing cross-cultural conflicts is an important part of cross-cultural competence, and in a global-ized world, it has become one of the core competences. Training the competence of managing cross-cultural conflicts needs the help of professional tests to assess the competence. Cross-cultur-al competence is related to cultural context, accordingly, cross-cultural competence tests should be developed under the specific context. The Chinese test based on the cases of Sino-German cooperation is suitable for the Chinese to evaluate the competence of managing cross-cultural conflicts when work-ing with Germans.%跨文化冲突处理能力是跨文化能力的重要组成部分,在全球化背景下,逐渐成为人才的核心竞争力之一。培养跨文化冲突处理能力需要借助专业测试对该项能力进行评估。跨文化能力同文化语境相关,因此跨文化能力测试应根据具体语境开发设计。以中德合作中的冲突案例为基础开发的中文测试适用于评估中国人在与德国人共事过程中的冲突处理能力。

  16. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  17. Employing Evidence Evidence: Does it Have a Job in Vocational Libraries?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brad Jones

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective - Evidence-based librarianship (EBL springs ffrom medical and academic origins. As librarians are tertiary educated (only occasionally with supplementary qualifications covering research and statistics EBL has an academic focus. The EBL literature has significant content from school and university perspectives, but has had little, if any, vocational content. This paper suggests a possible Evidence Based Librarianship context for vocational libraries. Methods - A multidisciplinary scan of evidence based literature was undertaken, covering medicine and allied health, librarianship, law, science and education. National and international vocational education developments were examined. The concept and use of evidence in vocational libraries was considered. Results - Library practice can generally benefit from generic empirical science methodologies used elsewhere. Different areas, however, may have different concepts of what constitutes evidence and appropriate methodologies. Libraries also need to reflect the evidence used in their host organisations. The Australian vocational librarian has been functioning in an evidence based educational sector: national, transportable, prescriptive, competancy based and outcomes drived Training Packages. These require a qualitatively different concept of evidence compared to the other educational sectors as they reflect pragmatic, economic, employability outcomes. Conclusions - Vocational and other librarians have been doing research but need to be more systematic about design and analysis. Librarians need to develop 'evidence literacy' as one of their professional evaluation skills. Libraries will need to utilise evidence relevant to their host organisations to esablish and maintain credibility, and in the vocational sector this is set in a competency based framework. Competancy based measures are becoming increasingly relevant in school and university(including medical education.

  18. Causes of test anxiety:Investigation of five-year vocational nursing students%五年制高职护生考试焦虑现状及原因调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何平

    2011-01-01

    Objective This article was to prevent and cure test anxiety through spot check of test anxiety and its causes in five-year vocational nursing students.Methods We investigated 150 participants by Diagnostic Test Anxiety Questionnaire and Causes and Manifestations of Test Anxiety Self-Examiuation Questionnaire, and analyzed the results.Results 57.3 % of students were found in anxiety.There were significant differences among grades in results of moderate and severe anxiety ( P < 0.05 ).There was no significant difference among grades in the overall level ( P > 0.05 ).The primary cause of test anxiety was the fear of other people's evaluation.Conclusion The educators should pay attention to test anxiety of nursing students and promote counseling and psychological services.%目的 通过对五年制高职护生考试焦虑现状及原因的抽样调查,为预防和治疗护生考试焦虑提供第一手资料.方法 采用和对150名护生进行问卷调查,并对其结果进行统计分析.结果 焦虑检出率为57.3%,中重度焦虑年级间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);年级整体水平上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);"担心他人对自己的评价"的学生占总体的32.70%,为首要原因.结论 五年制护生考试焦虑的现状应引起教育者的重视,建议多开展心理辅导和咨询活动.

  19. Professional competence of social workers’: management methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Dudaryov

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In the article the problem of social workers’ professional competence is actualized. It is proved that finding ways to optimize the specialists for social welfare system professional training is in line with common didactic problems of the high school pedagogies. The theoretical analysis of Ukrainian and foreign scientists’ works connected with the aspects of social workers’ professional competence is done. The definition of «competence» and «professional competence» is given. The main components of social workers’ professional competence are defined. These are: motivation (psychological readiness to professional activity; value and semantic (orientation, values, meanings; cognitive and professional (general culture, literacy, vocational education; action and professional (work with people at different social levels, work with information, achievement, etc.; auto­psychological (personal and professional reflection; regulatory (emotional and volitional self­regulation. The general structure and content criteria of social worker’s professional competence are under analysis. The characteristic of innovative forms and methods of social workers’ professional competence management (such as case­study, socio­psychological training is given. The causes for social workers’ successful training in high school are defined. The conclusions of the study are made and promising areas for future studies of the issues related to the subject under consideration are defined.

  20. Assessment of Clinical Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newble, David I.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews current approaches to the examination of medical students' clinical competence, mentioning differences in approaches adopted in Australia, Great Britain, and North America. Test methods used in examination are discussed critically and their separate strengths and weaknesses are highlighted. Newer approaches involving multiple methods and…

  1. Evolution of subsidiary competences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Pedersen, Torben; Dhanaraj, Charles

    of competitive advantage of nations, we hypothesize the contingencies under which heterogeneity in host environments influences subsidiary competence configuration. We test our model with data from more than 2,000 subsidiaries in seven Western European countries. Our results provide new insights on the evolution...

  2. Evolution of subsidiary competences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Pedersen, Torben; Dhanaraj, Charles

    of competitive advantage of nations, we hypothesize the contingencies under which heterogeneity in host environments influences subsidiary competence configuration. We test our model with data from more than 2,000 subsidiaries in seven Western European countries. Our results provide new insights on the evolution...

  3. Satisfaction with Knowledge and Competencies: A Multi-Country Study of Employers and Business Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Azevedo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study critically discusses findings from a research project involving four European countries. The project had two main aims. The first was to develop a systematic procedure for assessing the balance between knowledge and competencies acquired in higher, further and vocational education and the specific needs of the labor market. The second aim was to develop and test a set of meta-level quality indicators aimed at evaluating the linkages between education and employment. The project was designed to address the lack of employer input concerning the requirements of business graduates for successful workplace performance and the need for more specific industry-driven feedback to guide administrative heads at universities and personnel at quality assurance agencies in curriculum development and revision. Approach: The project was distinctive in that it combined different partners from higher education, vocational training, industry and quality assurance. Project partners designed and implemented an innovative approach, based on literature review, qualitative interviews and surveys in the four countries, in order to identify and confirm key knowledge and competency requirements. This study presents this step-by-step approach, as well as survey findings from a sample of 900 business graduates and employers. In addition, it introduces two Partial Least Squares (PLS path models for predicting satisfaction with work performance and satisfaction with business education. Results: Survey findings revealed that employers were not very confident regarding business graduates’ abilities in key knowledge areas and in key generic competencies. In subsequent analysis, these graduate abilities were tested and identified as important predictors of employers’ satisfaction with graduates’ work performance. Conclusion: The industry-driven approach introduced in this study can serve as a guide to assist different types of educational

  4. A Study on the Integration of Higher Vocational Statistics Course Reform with Professional Certificate Test%高职院校统计课程改革与职业资格考试融合研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶军

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the reform of statistic curriculum,we should adjust teaching didactical contents and blend relevant intellectual content and technical requirement about qualification certificate test in statistics into the course (shortening form "Class card fusion"). In this way, we can establish the system that combining occupational qualification certificate test with professional teaching. To realize the combination between working and learning in advanced vocational teaching work, so that the students can obtain high-quality professional qualification certificate smoothly and quickly.%从改革统计课程入手,调整教学内容,把与统计从业资格证书考试相关的知识内容与技能要求融入到课程中(简称"课证融合"),建立起职业资格证书考试与专业教学衔接的课程体系,从而在高职教学工作中实现工学结合,使学生能顺利地、高质量地获得职业资格证书。

  5. Requirements for competence modelling in professional learning: experience from the water sector

    OpenAIRE

    Éva Rátky; Stracke, Christian M.; Charalampos Thanopoulos; Cleo Sgouropoulou

    2010-01-01

    Competence Models are proved as critical instruments for human resources management and development, and of determined for both the labour market (employers) for the selection of the employees and training providers for the enhancement of the vocational training opportunities. The concept of competence modeling is still under development and considerable efforts are focused on the creation of new Competence Models and their application to a broad range of professional learning sectors. The sc...

  6. Assessment of Competence in Clinical Reasoning and Decision-Making under Uncertainty: The Script Concordance Test Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaekers, Stephan; Kremer, Wim; Pilot, Albert; van Beukelen, Peter; van Keulen, Hanno

    2010-01-01

    Real-life, complex problems often require that decisions are made despite limited information or insufficient time to explore all relevant aspects. Incorporating authentic uncertainties into an assessment, however, poses problems in establishing results and analysing their methodological qualities. This study aims at developing a test on clinical…

  7. Exploring the Misrepresentation of Nigerian Women in Technical and Vocational Education in Polytechnic Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akor, Robert; Bakar, Ab Rahim Bin; Hamzah, Azim B. Hj.; Rashid, Abdullah Bin Mat

    2014-01-01

    Nigerian government is making frantic efforts to drive her economy by laying emphasis on technical and vocational education to enable her compete favorably in the global market. Emphasis of government is in Polytechnic education where skills for self-reliant and economic growth are a priority. However, women are not embracing this opportunity by…

  8. Corn Production. A Unit for Teachers of Vocational Agriculture. Production Agriculture Curriculum Materials Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.

    Designed to provide instructional materials for use by vocational agriculture teachers, this unit contains nine lessons based upon competencies needed to maximize profits in corn production. The lessons cover opportunities for growing corn; seed selection; seedbed preparation; planting methods and practices; fertilizer rates and application;…

  9. Employer Engagement with the Vocational Education and Training System in Australia. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanwick, John

    2009-01-01

    This paper is a review of literature on employer engagement with vocational education and training (VET). The main conclusion is that the major form of engagement is through the competency-based training system, which is manifested through training packages. Another way employers are encouraged to engage with VET is through competition amongst…

  10. The Inculcation of Generic Skills among Juveniles through Technical and Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan-Mohamed, Wan Azlinda; Yunus, Mohamed Hafis

    2009-01-01

    Generic skills are skills which contribute towards individual's effective and successful participation in the workplace. For juveniles, Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) is one of the platforms that provide them generic skills which enable them to compete for job market. The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of generic…

  11. Internationalisation of Vocational Education and Training: An Adapting Curve for Teachers and Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ly Thi

    2013-01-01

    Competency-based training and training packages are mandatory for Australian vocational education and training (VET). VET qualifications are designed to provide learners with skills, knowledge, and attributes required for Australian workplaces. Yet, toward the end of December 2011, there were 171,237 international student enrolments in the…

  12. Breeding Livestock. A Unit for Teachers of Vocational Agriculture. Production Agriculture Curriculum Materials Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryan, Robert C.

    Designed to provide instructional materials for use by vocational agriculture teachers, this unit on breeding livestock contains materials for use in teaching the importance of breeding, the physiology of livestock breeding, reproductive processes, sire selection, and breeding systems. Lessons on each of these competencies contain the following:…

  13. Teaching Entrepreneurship in Vocational Education Viewed from the Regional and Field Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvi, Taina

    2012-01-01

    Very little research has been conducted on the teaching of entrepreneurship, in particular in vocational education. Entrepreneurship is included in the national curriculum of many European countries, but there is concern over the competence of its teachers and their training in entrepreneurship (European Commission 2009, 14). This article explores…

  14. Teaching Entrepreneurship in Vocational Education Viewed from the Regional and Field Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvi, Taina

    2012-01-01

    Very little research has been conducted on the teaching of entrepreneurship, in particular in vocational education. Entrepreneurship is included in the national curriculum of many European countries, but there is concern over the competence of its teachers and their training in entrepreneurship (European Commission 2009, 14). This article explores…

  15. 从BEC测试机制探讨高职商务英语教学模式%Exploring the Higher Vocational College Business English Teaching Model through BEC Testing Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽芬

    2012-01-01

    As an authority certificate which is used to evaluate people' s business English level by many industries over the world, Business English Certificate (BEC)is recognized widely by domestic government, enterprise, school and so on at the same time. Business English Certificate meets the needs of period economic development with its pursuit to practicality and rationality. Its requirement to ability level becomes a training target in many higher vocational colleges business English teaching. However, the traditional business English teaching can not achieve this goal naturally. Analyzing the primary problem of the business English teaching model, exploring the challenges and opportunities to this model that are aroused by BEC testing mechanism, seeking their meeting point, so as to search a new model that is a fusion of the teaching, learning and using for the higher vocational colleges business English teaching through BEC testing mechanism.%剑桥商务英语证书(BEC)作为全球各行业评价个体商务英语水平的一个权威证明,正在得到国内政府、企业、学校等领域的广泛认可。BEC所追求的实践性与合理性迎合了时代经济发展的需要,其所要求的能力水平成为众多高职院校商务英语教学的培养目标,而传统的商务英语教学并不能自然实现这种目标,分析商务英语教学模式存在的主要问题,探讨BEC测试机制给这种模式带来的挑战与机遇,寻求其中的契合点,通过BEC测试机制为高职商务英语教学探寻一种"教、学、用"为一体的新型模式。

  16. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  17. Legal Scholarship as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, David

    2001-01-01

    Explores the more purely theoretical side of the legal scholar's vocation, using Max Weber's text on the scholar's role titled "Science as a Vocation." Discusses the consequences of the tension between law schools' generalist "pretensions" and increasingly specialist character, and Weber's fact/value distinction. (EV)

  18. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of…

  19. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of people,…

  20. Vocational Indecision and Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Assessed the vocational decision-making problems of rehabilitation clients (N=60). Revealed that decision-making problems of clients can be grouped into three areas: employment readiness, self-appraisal, and decision-making readiness. Suggested that vocationally decided and undecided subjects differ significantly in the extent to which they have…

  1. Career Management Skills Among Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Normah; Yamin, Azlin; Maarof, Rosmawati

    2017-08-01

    Career management skills are important elements that should be present in each individual, because career selection process is crucial for school leavers. The phenomenon of students who are less knowledgeable about career at the end of school is among the main reasons they choose a career that does not fit. The situation is very worrying and poses various negative implications such as work stress and frequent swapping of jobs. In fact, research has found that most vocational students have a low level of career management. Therefore, this study is aimed to identify career management skills that students possess. The research design was a survey using a quantitative approach with a number of samples, n = 480. Data was analysed using statistical software, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The results show that students’ overall career management skills are moderate. To develop human capital with the right competence, career management skills are critical requirements that can fill the gaps in industry.

  2. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  3. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  4. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  5. The rational thinking of vocational education connotation%对高等职业教育内涵的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成荣

    2012-01-01

    Profound grasp of the connotation of higher vocational education is a logical starting point for research and development of vocational education. It includes six aspects, such as vocational education is start from vocational, vocational education is an innovative education, vocational education is the whole process education, vocational education is open education, vocational education is competency -based education, vocational education is employment - oriented, Which is the new thinking of the connotation of higher vocational education in the new era.%深刻把握高等职业教育的内涵是研究和发展职业教育的逻辑起点。本文从职业教育是从职业出发的教育、高等职业教育是创新型教育、高职教育是全程性教育、高职教育是开放性教育、高职教育是能力本位的教育、高职教育是就业导向型教育6个方面,全面论述对高等职业教育内涵的理性思考和认识。

  6. A two-minute paper-and-pencil test of symbolic and nonsymbolic numerical magnitude processing explains variability in primary school children's arithmetic competence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Nosworthy

    Full Text Available Recently, there has been a growing emphasis on basic number processing competencies (such as the ability to judge which of two numbers is larger and their role in predicting individual differences in school-relevant math achievement. Children's ability to compare both symbolic (e.g. Arabic numerals and nonsymbolic (e.g. dot arrays magnitudes has been found to correlate with their math achievement. The available evidence, however, has focused on computerized paradigms, which may not always be suitable for universal, quick application in the classroom. Furthermore, it is currently unclear whether both symbolic and nonsymbolic magnitude comparison are related to children's performance on tests of arithmetic competence and whether either of these factors relate to arithmetic achievement over and above other factors such as working memory and reading ability. In order to address these outstanding issues, we designed a quick (2 minute paper-and-pencil tool to assess children's ability to compare symbolic and nonsymbolic numerical magnitudes and assessed the degree to which performance on this measure explains individual differences in achievement. Children were required to cross out the larger of two, single-digit numerical magnitudes under time constraints. Results from a group of 160 children from grades 1-3 revealed that both symbolic and nonsymbolic number comparison accuracy were related to individual differences in arithmetic achievement. However, only symbolic number comparison performance accounted for unique variance in arithmetic achievement. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed which include the use of this measure as a possible tool for identifying students at risk for future difficulties in mathematics.

  7. Effects of video-feedback on the communication, clinical competence and motivational interviewing skills of practice nurses: a pre-test posttest control group study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noordman, Janneke; van der Weijden, Trudy; van Dulmen, Sandra

    2014-10-01

    To examine the effects of individual video-feedback on the generic communication skills, clinical competence (i.e. adherence to practice guidelines) and motivational interviewing skills of experienced practice nurses working in primary care. Continuing professional education may be necessary to refresh and reflect on the communication and motivational interviewing skills of experienced primary care practice nurses. A video-feedback method was designed to improve these skills. Pre-test/posttest control group design. Seventeen Dutch practice nurses and 325 patients participated between June 2010-June 2011. Nurse-patient consultations were videotaped at two moments (T0 and T1), with an interval of 3-6 months. The videotaped consultations were rated using two protocols: the Maastrichtse Anamnese en Advies Scorelijst met globale items (MAAS-global) and the Behaviour Change Counselling Index. Before the recordings, nurses were allocated to a control or video-feedback group. Nurses allocated to the video-feedback group received video-feedback between T0 and T1. Data were analysed using multilevel linear or logistic regression. Nurses who received video-feedback appeared to pay significantly more attention to patients' request for help, their physical examination and gave significantly more understandable information. With respect to motivational interviewing, nurses who received video-feedback appeared to pay more attention to 'agenda setting and permission seeking' during their consultations. Video-feedback is a potentially effective method to improve practice nurses' generic communication skills. Although a single video-feedback session does not seem sufficient to increase all motivational interviewing skills, significant improvement in some specific skills was found. Nurses' clinical competences were not altered after feedback due to already high standards. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. 原漢族群、家庭背景與高中職入學考試基測成績、教育分流:以臺東縣為例 Aboriginals and Hans, Family Background and Their Relationship with the Basic Competence Test, and Educational Tracking: A Study in Taitung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    李佩嬛 Pei-Huan Lee

    2011-03-01

    socioeconomic status attainment was far higher than that of Aboriginal students. The enrollment rate of Aboriginal students in private vocational schools (deemed the least optimal educational tracking measure for future status attainment was far higher than that of Han students. Despite the fact that Aboriginal students were granted an additional one-third on their original scores on the Basic Competence Test, Aboriginal student scores were still much lower than Han students; and so was the future status attainment following their educational tracking. It was found that their disadvantageous family background is the main factor explaining their lower academic performance.

  9. Development and pilot testing the Family Conference Rating Scale: A tool aimed to assess interprofessional patient-centred communication and collaboration competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dojeiji, Sue; Byszewski, Anna; Wood, Tim

    2015-01-01

    There is a paucity of evidence-based literature on the essential communication and collaboration skills to guide health care teams in conducting and assessing their performance in the Family Conference (FC). The authors developed and collected validity evidence for a rating scale of team FC performance, the Family Conference Rating Scale (FCRS). In phase 1, essential FC communication and collaboration skills were identified through a review of existing communication tools and literature on team functioning; a draft 34-item scale was developed. In phase 2, the scale was narrowed to a 6-category, 9-point scale with descriptors of expected behaviours through an iterative process: testing of the scale on 10 FC transcripts by two experts, soliciting feedback from a focus group of seven health care providers, and testing by non-experts on 49 live FCs. In phase 3, scores on the revised scale were validated by 10 health care providers from different disciplines by rating three videos of FCs of variable quality. Raters were able to detect inter-video variation in FC quality. The reliability of the FCRS was 0.95 and the inter-rater reliability, 0.68. The FCRS may enhance the ability of health professions educators to teach and assess interprofessional patient-centred communication and collaboration competencies.

  10. Ridges and rivers: a test of competing hypotheses of Amazonian diversification using a dart-poison frog (Epipedobates femoralis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lougheed, S C; Gascon, C; Jones, D A; Bogart, J P; Boag, P T

    1999-09-22

    Mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b sequence data from a dart-poison frog, Epipedobates femoralis, were used to test two hypotheses of Amazonian diversification: the riverine barrier and the ridge hypotheses. Samples were derived from sites located on both banks of the Rio Juruá and on both sides of the Iquitos Arch in western Amazonia. The phylogeographic structure was inconsistent with predictions of the riverine barrier hypothesis. Haplotypes from opposite river banks did not form monophyletic clades in any of our phylogenetic analyses, nor was the topology within major clades consistent with the riverine hypothesis. Further, the greatest differentiation between paired sites on opposite banks was not at the river mouth where the strongest barrier to gene flow was predicted to occur. The results instead were consistent with the hypothesis that ancient ridges (arches), no longer evident on the landscape, have shaped the phylogeographic relationships of Amazonian taxa. Two robustly supported clades map onto opposite sides of the Iquitos Arch. The mean haplotypic divergence between the two clades, in excess of 12%, suggests that this cladogenic event dates to between five and 15 million years ago. These estimates span a period of major orogenesis in western South America and presumably the formation of these ancient ridges.

  11. An empirical test of the aggregation model of coexistence and consequences for competing container-dwelling mosquitoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fader, Joseph E; Juliano, Steven A

    2013-02-01

    We investigated the aggregation model of coexistence as a potential mechanism explaining patterns of coexistence between container mosquitoes Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti in southern Florida, USA. Aedes aegypti coexists with the invasive A. albopictus in many locations despite being an inferior resource competitor under most conditions. In agreement with aggregation theory we observed significant intraspecific aggregation of A. albopictus in all six field sites sampled in southern Florida in 2009. Quantitative results suggest that larval distributions of A. albopictus across containers are sufficiently aggregated to permit persistence of the inferior competitor A. aegypti. We tested whether observed levels of A. albopictus aggregation would significantly improve A. aegypti population performance in a controlled laboratory competition experiment manipulating A. albopictus aggregation while holding mean densities constant. We quantified A. aegypti's estimated rate of population change for replicate, multi-container cohorts in response to increasing A. albopictus aggregation across the cohorts. Aedes albopictus aggregation treatments produced J statistics for aggregation that spanned the range observed in the field study. We demonstrate a positive linear relationship between intraspecific aggregation of the superior competitor A. albopictus and estimated rate of population change for cohorts of the inferior A. aegypti. Thus, aggregation of A. albopictus at levels comparable to those observed in nature appears to be sufficient to reduce significantly the competitive impact of A. albopictus on multi-container cohorts of A. aegypti, and may therefore contribute to local coexistence of these competitors.

  12. Construction of Vocational Software Testing Professional Training Program Based on Push Down Model ——A Example of Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology%高职院校软件测试专业基于倒推模式的人才培养方案的构建——以兰州石化职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽景; 周立民; 宋贤钧; 任泰明

    2011-01-01

    Explore and practice new era of professional training programs are vocational schools an important part of the reform and innovation. Learn professional demonstration of the software during the construction of successful practices, through a lot of market research, used to push down the theory, according to market demand and job competencies, build professional core curriculum, and professionalism of the training program throughout the entire process of personnel training to achieve the comprehensive development of highly skilled, professional building and the new school in the process gained valuable experience.%探索和实践专业人才培养方案是新时期高职院校改革和创新的重要内容。借鉴我院软件专业示范性建设期间的成功做法,通过大量的市场调研,采用倒推理论,根据市场需求和岗位能力要求,构建专业核心课程体系,并将职业素养的培养贯穿整个人才培养方案的全过程,实现了高技能人才的全面发展,并在新专业的建设和办学过程中积累了宝贵经验。

  13. Religious competence as cultural competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Definitions of cultural competence often refer to the need to be aware and attentive to the religious and spiritual needs and orientations of patients. However, the institution of psychiatry maintains an ambivalent attitude to the incorporation of religion and spirituality into psychiatric practice. This is despite the fact that many patients, especially those from underserved and underprivileged minority backgrounds, are devotedly religious and find much solace and support in their religiosity. I use the case of mental health of African Americans as an extended example to support the argument that psychiatric services must become more closely attuned to religious matters. I suggest ways in which this can be achieved. Attention to religion can aid in the development of culturally competent and accessible services, which in turn, may increase engagement and service satisfaction among religious populations. PMID:22421686

  14. A virtual reality-based vocational training system (VRVTS) for people with schizophrenia in vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Mayie M Y; Man, David W K

    2013-03-01

    Employment provides schizophrenic patients with a positive identity and hope. Cognitive impairments have been suggested to slow down the progress in work rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of VR as a cognitive intervention for enhancing vocational outcomes. 95 inpatients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to a virtual reality-based vocational training group (VRG), a therapist-administered group (TAG) and a conventional group (CG). Twenty-five of them in each group had completed the study. Their performances were evaluated, before and after interventions, by Brief Neuropsychological Cognitive Examination, Digit Vigilance Test, Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale. Patients in the VRG were found to perform better than patients in the TAG and CG in cognitive functioning, as shown by the WCST-percentage of error (F (2, 72)=7.146, p<0.001) and the WCST-percentage of conceptual level response (F (2, 72)=8.722, p<0.001). The post-hoc test revealed that the VRG showed a better performance than both the TAG (p=0.03) and the CG (p<0.001) in the WCST-percentage of error. The VRG also showed a better performance than patients in both the TAG (p=0.01) and the CG (p<0.001) in the WCST-percentage of conceptual level response. The VRG also showed a better self-efficacy score than CG. Both VRG and TAG showed a better work performance as reflected by the on-site tests. Further studies on the use of VR in schizophrenia rehabilitation and for vocational success are discussed.

  15. Examining Factors Predicting Students' Digital Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatlevik, Ove Edvard; Guðmundsdóttir, Gréta Björk; Loi, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors predicting lower secondary school students' digital competence and to explore differences between students when it comes to digital competence. Results from a digital competence test and survey in lower secondary school will be presented. It is important to learn more about and investigate what…

  16. 某高职学院护理专业学生考试焦虑状况调查分析%Test anxiety investigation of nursing students in a vocational college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜江; 曾臻; 范大志; 唐晓武; 杨婷; 潘发明

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高职护生考试焦虑状况,为降低护生焦虑水平提供理论依据.方法 采用考试焦虑程度自我评定测验问卷、家庭关怀度指数问卷(APGAR)、社会支持评定量表对668名在读高职护生进行调查.结果 高职护生考试焦虑总评分34.38±15.10,其中处于镇定水平的学生占总体的26.0%,轻度焦虑为58.7%,中度焦虑为14.7%,重度焦虑为0.6%.考试焦虑程度在年级、自感学习压力、家庭关怀、自己学习情况以及与同学关系之间的差异均存在统计学意义;在父亲文化程度、家庭经济状况及家庭居住地之间的差异均无统计学意义.考试焦虑水平与自感学习压力、自己学习情况、家庭关怀程度、社会支持、主观支持、支持利用度、与同学关系、年龄等因素相关;多元逐步回归分析显示,年龄、自感学习压力、自己学习情况以及家庭关怀情况与考试焦虑程度相关.结论 该校高职护生考试焦虑不容乐观.校方应给以关注,及时地给以心理干预及情感关怀.%Objective To evaluate [he examination anxiety status of nursing students in higher vocational school and provide theoretical basis for decreasing the students anxiety level. Methods The Serf - evaluation Questionnaire for Test Anxiety Level, APGAR and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) were used to test 668 nursing students. Results The mean of score was (34. 38 ± 15. 10). Among the students,26.0% people were stabilization ,58.7% were light, 14.7% were middle and 0.6% were serious. Of all the test anxiety influencing factors, differences in grades,learning pressure,family care, learning achievement and the relationship with the students are statistically significant. But differences in the father's educational, socioeconomic status and living environment are not statistically significant. Test anxiety had correlation with learning pressure, learning achievement, family care, social support

  17. Assessment of intercultural competence in the FL classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Saška Horvat

    2011-01-01

    Acquiring intercultural competence is an important objective of foreign language learning. Problems occur because current testing still focuses on checking grammar skills, listening comprehension and writing skills, whereas intercultural competence assessment does not favour traditional testing and numerical grading. Developing and Assessing Intercul tural Competence, published in 2007 in European Centre for Modern Languages in Graz, introduces ways of assessing various competences/components...

  18. Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides

    2017-03-01

    An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career. The authors of this article examine whether this results in a trade-off between short-term gains and long-term losses by considering differences in the labour market careers of vocationally and generally educated respondents in the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Their results suggest that early labour market benefits of vocational specialisation decrease over time; the authors relate this to its lower ability to equip secondary school students - future employees - with skills for lifelong learning.

  19. Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides

    2017-04-01

    An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career. The authors of this article examine whether this results in a trade-off between short-term gains and long-term losses by considering differences in the labour market careers of vocationally and generally educated respondents in the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Their results suggest that early labour market benefits of vocational specialisation decrease over time; the authors relate this to its lower ability to equip secondary school students - future employees - with skills for lifelong learning.

  20. Competencies in Geriatric Nursing: Empirical Evidence from a Computer-Based Large-Scale Assessment Calibration Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspar, Roman; Döring, Ottmar; Wittmann, Eveline; Hartig, Johannes; Weyland, Ulrike; Nauerth, Annette; Möllers, Michaela; Rechenbach, Simone; Simon, Julia; Worofka, Iberé

    2016-01-01

    Valid and reliable standardized assessment of nursing competencies is needed to monitor the quality of vocational education and training (VET) in nursing and evaluate learning outcomes for care work trainees with increasingly heterogeneous learning backgrounds. To date, however, the modeling of professional competencies has not yet evolved into…

  1. Between General Education and Vocational Training or What Claims Future has on Us

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušana Findeisen

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Dušana Findeisen deals with the relationship between general education and vocational training in the future. White qualifications needed on the labour market in 15 years are not easily predictable, it is possible to predict with certainty only the kind of people needed and which basic qualifications are to be included among the educational goals to be attained by school population and adults. Among basic qualifications or competencies are ranging: managing thinking processes, communication competence, competence of playing an active role in community, attitude towards environment. Further, the author points out the need for different didactic processes and evaluation ensuring a balance of various elements of education and "producing" well balanced people. General education should penetrate "narrow gauge" vocational training of adults, since enterprises do not search only for good professionals but also for people able to adapt and to develop along with them.

  2. Testing a Technology Integration Education Model for Millennial Preservice Teachers: Exploring the Moderating Relationships of Goals, Feedback, Task Value, and Self-Regulation among Motivation and Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, Denise D.; Piper, Randy T.

    2016-01-01

    The technology integration education model is a 12 construct model that includes 8 primary constructs and 4 moderator constructs. By testing the relationships among two primary constructs (motivation and technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge competencies) and four moderator constructs (goals, feedback, task value, and self-regulation),…

  3. Continued professional competence and portfolios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Michelle; Delarose, Teresa; King, Cecil A; Leske, Jane; Sapnas, Kathryn G; Schroeter, Kathryn

    2007-01-01

    It is traditionally assumed that licensure of healthcare professionals means that they are minimally competent. Many nursing specialty organizations offer examinations and other processes for certification, suggesting that certification is associated with continued competency. Can standardized examination for certification and continuing education for recertification ensure continued competency? Continuing education and testing provide a limited picture of an individual's knowledge and/or skill acquisition in a limited area at one point in time. However, portfolios promote critical thinking, self-assessment, and individual accountability. A portfolio is a portable mechanism for evaluating competencies that may otherwise be difficult to assess. This article summarizes some of the literature addressing portfolios, including aspects of portfolio development process, the value of portfolios versus continuing education for competency assessment, evidence associated with portfolio usage, and suggestions for organizing nursing portfolios.

  4. Experiences with HIV testing, entry, and engagement in care by HIV-infected women of color, and the need for autonomy, competency, and relatedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinlivan, E Byrd; Messer, Lynne C; Adimora, Adaora A; Roytburd, Katya; Bowditch, Natasha; Parnell, Heather; Seay, Julia; Bell, Lynda; Pierce, Jonah K

    2013-07-01

    Self-determination theory examines the needs of people adopting new behaviors but has not been applied to the adoption of HIV healthcare behaviors. The current study applied self-determination theory to descriptions of healthcare behaviors adopted by ethnic minority women after an HIV diagnosis. Women of color were asked to describe their experiences with HIV testing, entry, and engagement-in-care in qualitative interviews and focus groups. Participants were mostly African-American (88%), over 40 years old (70%), had been diagnosed for more than 6 years (87%) and had disclosed their HIV infection to more than 3 people (73%). Women described unmet self-determination needs at different time points along the HIV Continuum of Care. Women experienced a significant loss of autonomy at the time of HIV diagnosis. Meeting competency and relatedness needs assisted women in entry and engagement-in-care. However, re-establishing autonomy was a key element for long-term engagement-in-care. Interventions that satisfy these needs at the optimal time point in care could improve diagnosis, entry-to-care, and retention-in-care for women living with HIV.

  5. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  6. [Vocational and occupational counseling of handicapped patients--a comprehensive social federal responsibility].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedon, W; Albrecht, H J

    1989-11-01

    The extensive vocational and employment information and counselling possibilities available in the framework of our social services system in the FRG, are aimed at attaining optimum vocational integration of the disabled clients. The legal foundations are in particular to be found in the Social Code and the rehabilitation adjustment act. Servicing some 80% of all disabled clients in this field, the Federal Employment Institute is the main financially responsible administration in vocational rehabilitation. The services and benefits provided are based on the employment promotion act and the directive of the Institute's governing body concerning industrial and vocational rehabilitation of disabled persons (AReha). Successful vocational counselling outcomes presuppose client participation; counselling contacts are free of charge to the rehabilitee, and are sought on a voluntary basis. The local employment office's medical and/or psychological services will in many cases by called in by the counsellor. If these services do not arrive at a satisfactory proposal either, vocational assessment and work testing measures in vocational training or retraining centers are indicated. Vocational preparation may in addition be useful, e.g. in the form of promotional courses and/or pre-rehabilitation courses. The catalogue of services and benefits available is complex and adjustable to individual needs. The rehabilitation measures provided invariably are aimed at achieving entry into long-term employment. When necessary, the disabled clients are followed-along by the counsellors until this goal is attained.

  7. The Failure of Vocational Training in Tibetan Areas of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shiyong

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available China has undergone profound economic change and growth since economic reforms began in the late 1970s. Although associated policies provided many business opportunities in Tibetan areas of China, Tibetans remain poorly equipped to respond to and take advantage of these opportunities. The reasons for this are complex, difficult to assess, and include political, social, cultural, and environmental factors. An examination of current educational practice with a focus on vocational education in Tibetan areas of the PRC suggests that poor education is key to explaining the inability of Tibetans to compete economically with non-Tibetan migrants.

  8. Preventing Poor Vocational Functioning in Psychosis Through Early Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegelstad, Wenche Ten Velden; Bronnick, Kolbjorn S; Barder, Helene Eidsmo; Evensen, Julie Horgen; Haahr, Ulrik; Joa, Inge; Johannessen, Jan Olav; Langeveld, Johannes; Larsen, Tor Ketil; Melle, Ingrid; Opjordsmoen, Stein; Rund, Bjørn Rishovd; Rossberg, Jan Ivar; Simonsen, Erik; Vaglum, Per Wiggen; McGlashan, Thomas H; Friis, Svein

    2017-01-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that early detection of psychosis improves long-term vocational functioning through the prevention of negative symptom development. Generalized estimating equations and mediation analysis were conducted to examine the association between employment and negative symptoms over ten years among patients in geographic areas characterized by usual detection (N=140) or early detection (N=141) of psychosis. Improved vocational outcome after ten years among patients in the early-detection area was mediated by lower levels of negative symptoms during the first five years. Regardless of symptoms, rates of full-time employment or study were lower among patients in the usual-detection versus the early-detection area. Patients from an early-detection area attained lower negative symptom levels earlier compared with patients from a usual-detection area, which seemed to have facilitated vocational careers.

  9. Autonomy, competence, and social relatedness in task interest within project-based education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnaert, Alexander; Boekaerts, Monique; de Brabander, Cornelis

    2007-10-01

    To prepare students for instructive collaboration, it is necessary to have insight into students' psychological needs and interest development. The framework of self-determination theory was used to conduct a field experiment involving 114 students in vocational education. These students followed a practical business course which required they work in small learning groups. During the course, students were asked to complete the Quality of Working in Groups Instrument, an online measure of how strong autonomy, competence, social relatedness, and task interest are fulfilled. SEM showed that students' psychological needs were jointly and uniquely related to task interest over time. The significance of this on-line test for the assessment of interest within project-based education is discussed.

  10. Ability Training and Countermeasures Analysis of the EngLish Level A Test for the Higher Vocational College Students%高职高专学生英语A级考试的能力培养及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐音

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, with the rapid development of China's economy, the need of the applied talents has been urgent and strong.Therefore, higher vocational colleges enacted the training objectives into training technical talents who have foreign exchange ability. At the same time, "Practical English Test for Colleges" has been identified as detection means of higher vocational college students' English application ability, and associate it with diploma. The Ministry of Education also took the exam by one of the rigid index ratio as evaluation in higher vocational colleges. In view of ability training of higher vocational students in listening, grammar, reading, translation, writing five aspects, attach with countermeasures analysis.%近年来,随着我国经济的迅猛发展,对应用型人才的迫切需要愈加强烈。故此高职高专院校将培养目标制定成培养有一定外语交流能力的技术型人才。同时,“高等学校英语应用能力考试”已被多所院校认定为检测高职高专学生英语应用能力的手段,并把此考试通过与否和毕业文凭关联起来。教育部还把该项考试通过率作为评估高职高专院校的硬性指标之一。本文针对高职高专学生在听力、语法、阅读、翻译、写作五方面的能力培养,附之相应的对策分析。

  11. Strong Vocational Interest Blank Introversion Extraversion and Occupational Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansson, Charles B.

    1970-01-01

    Item responses for the Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB) were contrasted for a group of introverts and extraverts. A scale was constructed for the SVIB to measure a dimension of occupational introversion extraversion (OIE). Test retest reliability of the OIE was ofthe same magnitude as the other SVIB scales. Occupations were then ranked on…

  12. Assessment of intercultural competence in the FL classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saška Horvat

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Acquiring intercultural competence is an important objective of foreign language learning. Problems occur because current testing still focuses on checking grammar skills, listening comprehension and writing skills, whereas intercultural competence assessment does not favour traditional testing and numerical grading. Developing and Assessing Intercul tural Competence, published in 2007 in European Centre for Modern Languages in Graz, introduces ways of assessing various competences/components of intercultural competence.

  13. 基于能力评价的高校考试方法改革探讨%Empirical Study of University's Testing Methods Reform Based on Competence Assessment Programs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵冬阳; 张旭辉; 李自荣

    2011-01-01

    基于能力、能力测评的定义以及能力测评项目(CAPs),结合高校考试的功能,提出采用能力测评计划(CAPs)替代传统单一的考试方式,使考试从知识导向变为能力导向。通过对高校学生的问卷调查,对能力测评计划与传统单一的考试方式在测定学生能力获得方面的数据进行了统计分析。通过比较和类推这两种高校考试模式,验证了能力测评计划在能力测评方面的作用以及改革高校考试方式的意义。%Using just one single assessment method is not sufficient to determine competence acquisition. Because examination is crucial way of university education assessment in China, Chinese universities examination have deficiency in assessment of college student's competence acquisition. This article argues for implementing university traditional testing methods reform by Competence Assessment Programs (CAPs) alternative for traditional testing methods based on literature review and empirical, transition knowledge orientation toward competence orientation.

  14. Vocatives and discourse markers in textualinteractive grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Penhavel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the class of Vocatives and the class of Discourse Markers as proposed within Textualinteractive Grammar, and we try to demonstrate that Vocatives can work as Discourse Markers.

  15. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  16. An Educational–Vocational Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalervo Friberg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Changes in student-affective entry characteristics were examined in an educational−vocational intervention at Finnish comprehensive school. The conceptual framework constructed from attitudes as learned dispositions (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975 and self-determination (Deci & Ryan, 1985 was tested in a longitudinal study. A person-based survey questionnaire was designed, piloted, and validated. Spearman−Brown reliability was calculated. In the first observation, 669 (Time One Cohort, and in the second, 649 (Time Two Cohort subjects (girls and boys of mean ages of 14.5 and 16.0 years took the Web-based survey. The tested hypotheses were (a variables of self-determination, self-regulation, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation would emerge as attitudinal domains in work−life orientation; (b the experiences during the implementation of a work−life orientation program would decrease the effects of seventh-grade student background factors at the end of the program in the ninth grade, and (c work−life orientation would be effective and have efficacy in changing student attitudes in relation to further education and occupations. Three factors emerged in the Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis. The factors Independence, Self-Direction, and Flexibility were used as the dependents in repeated measures in a general linear model. The factor means were subjected to a paired samples t test. There was development toward stronger Independence and Flexibility in the case of both genders. The boys had gained the girls’ seventh-grade lead at the end of the program. Self-Direction did not show any changes. Empirical findings tentatively supported the program’s efficacy in changing entry characteristics.

  17. Developing schemas for assessing personal and social competences among unskilled young people

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarkrog, Vibe; Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-01-01

    competences. The schema was developed in cooperation with practitioners, i.e. representatives from workplaces, from municipal youth guidance centres, and from VET colleges. Based on the experiences accrued in developing the schema, the article discusses how personal and social competences can be assessed......Personal and social competences are crucial parts of VET competences. As part of a development project preparing unskilled young people for vocational education and training, a research project was conducted with the aim of developing a schema for assessing and grading personal and social...

  18. Requirements for competence modelling in professional learning: experience from the water sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éva Rátky

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Competence Models are proved as critical instruments for human resources management and development, and of determined for both the labour market (employers for the selection of the employees and training providers for the enhancement of the vocational training opportunities. The concept of competence modeling is still under development and considerable efforts are focused on the creation of new Competence Models and their application to a broad range of professional learning sectors. The scope of this inquiry is to contribute to this research field by setting the basis for the design and development of a Competence Model for the Water Sector.

  19. 基于高职学生跨文化交际能力调查的课堂教学创新--以商务英语专业为例%Classroom Teaching Innovation Based on a Survey of Higher Vocational College Students’Intercultural Communication Competence--The Case of Business English Specialty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐小波

    2015-01-01

    为推动课堂教学创新,采用问卷调查为主、访谈为辅的方式,对浙江省内高职商务英语专业学生的跨文化交际能力与英语语言能力及相关问题进行测试调查。调查显示,学生自评英语语言能力要差于英语考级成绩;学生具备良好的跨文化交际态度和基础知识,但缺乏中层与核心跨文化交际知识,同时跨文化交际技能较差,进而导致跨文化交际能力的不足。研究发现,学生英语听说读写译能力越好,其跨文化交际能力越强。研究结论表明,可从编制高职跨文化教学大纲和教材,开发高职跨文化教学模块和课程,采取多种跨文化教学方法和策略,利用网络文化教学平台和资源,提升教师跨文化教学能力和水平等几方面创新课堂教学。%To promote the classroom-teaching innovation, this paper investigated students’ intercultural communication competence in relation to their English language skills and some other related problems. It is found that the students’ self-reported English language skills are poorer than what their College English Test scores predict. Students seem to have good intercultural communication attitudes and knowledge, but they are not familiar with mid-level and core knowledge of intercultural communication and not good at intercultural communication skills which may contribute to unsuccessful intercultural communication competence. The results also show that intercultural communication competence is positively associated with listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation skills of English. Thus, for innovating classroom teaching, it is suggested to prepare cross-cultural teaching syllabus and textbooks, develop cross-cultural teaching module and curriculum, take many cross-cultural teaching methods and strategies, use network culture teaching platform and resources, and improve teachers' cross-cultural teaching ability and level and so on.

  20. Vocational Education and Equality of Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Benjamin; Feinberg, Walter

    1990-01-01

    Examines the concepts of equality of opportunity and equality of educational opportunity and their relationship to vocational education. Traces the history of vocational education. Delineates the distinction between training and education as enumerated in Aristotelian philosophy. Discusses the role vocational education can play in the educative…

  1. Connecting Mathematics Teaching with Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalby, Diane; Noyes, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    For many vocational students in England, mathematics is now a compulsory part of their programme, yet the inclusion of an academic subject within a vocational course presents challenges. In this paper, an analysis of a series of case studies of vocational student groups in Further Education colleges in England shows how contrasting practices in…

  2. Vocation as the Quest for Authentic Existence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kenneth B.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the concept of vocation and demonstrates that vocation is the organizing, existential principle of the concept of work. Presents a critical examination of Green's (1968) delineation of job and work and asserts that vocation as the quest for authentic existence is the unifying concept that gives grounding to Green's notion of work. (NB)

  3. Representing Swiss Vocational Education and Training Teachers' Domain-Specific Conceptions of Financial Literacy Using Concept Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leumann, Seraina

    2017-01-01

    Issues related to financial matters are an integral component of the curricula in vocational education and training in Switzerland. However, the differences between students' competences are caused not only by the curricula but by multiple factors. One key factor is teachers' characteristics that support successful learning processes. Teachers'…

  4. The use of computed tomography scans and the Bender Gestalt Test in the assessment of competency to stand trial and criminal responsibility in the field of mental health and law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosotho, Nathaniel Lehlohonolo; Timile, Ino; Joubert, Gina

    computed tomography and the Bender Gestalt Test are some of the tests used routinely for the assessment of alleged offenders referred under Sections 77 and 78 of the Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977. An exploratory retrospective study was conducted at the Free State Psychiatric Complex. The aim of this study was to identify the extent to which the Bender Gestalt Test results and the computed tomography scans are associated with outcomes in the assessment of competency to stand trial and criminal responsibility in individuals referred to the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC) observation unit. This was a cross-sectional study and the entire population of patients admitted in 2013 was included in the study. The clinical and demographic data were obtained from patient files. The majority of participants were black, males, single and unemployed. The most common diagnosis was schizophrenia. The current study showed no statistically significant association between the Bender Gestalt Test Hain's scores and the outcome of criminal responsibility and competency to stand trial. Similarly, the study also showed no statistically significant association between the presence of a brain lesion and the outcome of criminal responsibility and competency to stand trial. It was also concluded that as CT scans are expensive, patients should be referred for that service only when there is a clear clinical indication to do so. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. 基于岗位技能需求的高职《软件测试》课程建设%The Curriculum Construction of Software Testing in High Vocational Colleges Based on the Job Skill Requirements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡双

    2016-01-01

    随着互联网信息时代的到来,软件测试这个不常见的专业逐渐浮现在人们的眼前,软件测试是一种电子信息技术,是使用人工操作或者软件自动运行的方式来检验它是否满足规定的需求或弄清预期结果与实际结果之间差别的过程。它是帮助识别开发完成的计算机的正确性、完成度和质量的软件过程。然而,由于现代人们对与软件测试专业的认识还不够完善,导致国家以及各大高等学校在《软件测试》课程的设置上不够重视,社会虽然急需软件测试专业方面的人才,却没有培养软件测试专业人才的地方。因此,加强人们对于《软件测试》课程的了解刻不容缓。文章具体探讨了基于岗位技能需求的高职《软件测试》课程建设的相关问题。%With the advent of the era of Internet information, software testing this unusual profession gradually emerge in the eyes of people, software testing is a kind of electronic information technology, is to use manual operation or software automatically run to verify whether it meet the requirements of rules or make clear expected results with the actual result of the difference between process. It is to help identify the correctness of the development of computer, ifnish and quality of software process. However, due to the modern people to software testing professional knowledge is not enough perfect, the cause of the country and the major institutions of higher learning in the curriculum of software testing set up seriously enough, although social need software testing professional talents, but has no place in the training of specialists in the ifeld of software testing. Therefore, to strengthen people for the understanding of the course of the software testing is urgently needed. The article discussed the speciifc job skills based on the needs of higher vocational education of the curriculum of the construction of the software test

  6. Competency model and standards for media education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard TULODZIECKI

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In Germany, educational standards for key school subjects have been developed as a consequence of the results of international comparative studies like PISA. Subsequently, supporters of interdisciplinary fields such as media education have also started calling for goals in the form of competency models and standards. In this context a competency standard model for media education will be developed with regard to the discussion about media competence and media education. In doing so the development of a competency model and the formulation of standards is described consequently as a decision making process. In this process decisions have to be made on competence areas and competence aspects to structure the model, on criteria to differentiate certain levels of competence, on the number of competence levels, on the abstraction level of standard formulations and on the tasks to test the standards. It is shown that the discussion on media education as well as on competencies and standards provides different possibilities of structuring, emphasizing and designing a competence standard model. Against this background we describe and give reasons for our decisions and our competency standards model. At the same time our contribution is meant to initiate further developments, testing and discussion.

  7. Strategies for Translating Vocative Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga COJOCARU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the linguistic and cultural elements of vocative texts and the techniques used in translating them by giving some examples of texts that are typically vocative (i.e. advertisements and instructions for use. Semantic and communicative strategies are popular in translation studies and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages in translating vocative texts. The advantage of semantic translation is that it takes more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, while communicative translation attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original text in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. Focus is laid on the strategies used in translating vocative texts, strategies that highlight and introduce a cultural context to the target audience, in order to achieve their overall purpose, that is to sell or persuade the reader to behave in a certain way. Thus, in order to do that, a number of advertisements from the field of cosmetics industry and electronic gadgets were selected for analysis. The aim is to gather insights into vocative text translation and to create new perspectives on this field of research, now considered a process of innovation and diversion, especially in areas as important as economy and marketing.

  8. COMMUNICATION COMPONENT FORMATION OF TEACHERS’ COMPETENCE IN THE MENTORING PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera T. Sopegina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the integration process and special pedagogical competence in solving production and pedagogical challenges in the educational organizations and production enterprises engaged in the training of mentors.Methods. The methods involve the analysis of psycho-pedagogical and methodological literature on the issue; analysis of the Federal State Educational Standards and professional standards; modeling of processes.Results and scientific novelty. The problems of formation of communicative competence in the preparation of teachers are considered. The characteristic of the formation levels of mentoring such as «mentor-formal»; «mentor-theoretician», a «mentor-coach»; «mentor-adviser»; «mentor-professional» are given. The pedagogical potential of the phenomenon of «mentoring» is disclosed; an innovative way of mentoring within the competence approach is shown. The integrative activity of the teacher in solving production and pedagogical problems is analysed.Practical significance. The results can be used by trainers and mentors in the formation of communicative competence of students. The implementation of integration model of pedagogical and production tasks will provide the formation of communicative competence as part of vocational training. Using the obtained results can improve the effectiveness of vocational teacher education.

  9. DEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR DESIGNING TESTABLE COMPONENT STRUCTURE OF DISCIPLINARY COMPETENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir I. Freyman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to present new methods of quality results assessment of the education corresponding to requirements of Federal State Educational Standards (FSES of the Third Generation developed for the higher school. The urgency of search of adequate tools for quality competency measurement and its elements formed in the course of experts’ preparation are specified. Methods. It is necessary to consider interference of competency components such as knowledge, abilities, possession in order to make procedures of assessment of students’ achievements within the limits of separate discipline or curriculum section more convenient, effective and exact. While modeling of component structure of the disciplinary competence the testable design of components is used; the approach borrowed from technical diagnostics. Results. The research outcomes include the definition and analysis of general iterative methodology for testable designing component structure of the disciplinary competence. Application of the proposed methodology is illustrated as the example of an abstract academic discipline with specified data and index of labour requirement. Methodology restrictions are noted; practical recommendations are given. Scientific novelty. Basic data and a detailed step-by-step implementation phase of the proposed common iterative approach to the development of disciplinary competence testable component structure are considered. Tests and diagnostic tables for different options of designing are proposed. Practical significance. The research findings can help promoting learning efficiency increase, a choice of adequate control devices, accuracy of assessment, and also efficient use of personnel, temporal and material resources of higher education institutions. Proposed algorithms, methods and approaches to procedure of control results organization and realization of developed competences and its components can be used as methodical base while

  10. Cultural competence models and cultural competence assessment instruments in nursing: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Zuwang

    2015-05-01

    The author reviewed cultural competence models and cultural competence assessment instruments developed and published by nurse researchers since 1982. Both models and instruments were examined in terms of their components, theoretical backgrounds, empirical validation, and psychometric evaluation. Most models were not empirically tested; only a few models developed model-based instruments. About half of the instruments were tested with varying levels of psychometric properties. Other related issues were discussed, including the definition of cultural competence and its significance in model and instrument development, limitations of existing models and instruments, impact of cultural competence on health disparities, and further work in cultural competence research and practice. © The Author(s) 2014.

  11. Developing competence based qualification system in the nuclear energy sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ceclan, Mihail [European Commission, Petten (Netherlands). Inst. for Energy and Transport

    2016-04-15

    The Institute for Energy and Transport of the Joint Research Centre, European Commission, developed a strategy and road map for ECVET implementation. The JRC road map for European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) implementation has reached the stage of Competence-Based Qualification System development. The Competence-Based Qualification System can help bridge the gap between Human Resources demand and supply in the nuclear market by structuring qualifications in small independent parts. This very specific ECVET feature of a qualification, facilitates the process of competences accumulation and the lifelong learning, mobility and flexible learning pathways. New developments are presented about the Competence-Based Qualification System development for the nuclear energy sector.

  12. MODERN MODELS AND METHODS OF DIAGNOSIS OF METHODOLOGY COMPETENT TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loyko V. I.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is development of models and methods of diagnostics of methodical competence of a teacher. According to modern views, methodical thinking is the key competence of teachers. Modern experts consider the methodical competence of a teacher as a personal and professional quality, which is a fundamentally important factor in the success of the professional activity of teachers, as well as a subsystem of its professional competence. This is due to the fact that in today's world, a high level of knowledge of teachers of academic subjects and their possessing of learnt basics of teaching methods can not fully describe the level of professional competence of the teacher. The authors have characterized the functional components of methodical competence of the teacher, its relationship with other personalprofessional qualities (first - to the psychological and educational, research and informational competence, as well as its levels of formation. Forming a model of methodical competence of the teacher, the authors proceeded from the fact that a contemporary teacher high demands: it must be ready to conduct independent research, design-learning technologies, forecasting results of training and education of students. As a leading component of the methodical competence of the teacher is his personal experience in methodological activities and requirements of methodical competence determined goals and objectives of methodical activity, the process of the present study, the formation of patterns of methodical competence of the teacher preceded the refinement of existing models methodical activity of scientific and pedagogical staff of higher education institutions and secondary vocational education institutions. The proposed model of methodical competence of the teacher - the scientific basis of a system of monitoring of his personal and professional development, and evaluation criteria and levels of her diagnosis - targets system of

  13. Linguistic Competence in English and Exposure Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Marisol

    2008-01-01

    This study examines Linguistic Competence in English Language (LCE) as a general indicator of Communicative Competence. A test and a questionnaire were administered to 1838 undergraduate freshmen from five major institutes of higher education in Aguascalientes, Mexico. The results of the test are analysed in their association with main features of…

  14. Perceptions of competence, implicit theory of ability, perception of motivational climate, and achievement goals: a test of the trichotomous conceptualization of endorsement of achievement motivation in the physical education setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cury, F; Da Fonséca, D; Rufo, M; Sarrazin, P

    2002-08-01

    To test and extend the conceptualization of the endorsement of achievement goals in the physical education setting Mastery, Performance-approach, and Performance-approach goals, Perception of the physical education competence, Implicit theory about sport ability, and Perception of the motivational climate were assessed among 682 boys attending five French schools. Analysis indicated that (1) Performance-approach goals were positively associated with perception of physical education Competence, Entity beliefs about sport ability, the Performance dimension of the motivational climate, and negatively associated with Incremental beliefs about sport ability. (2) Mastery goals were positively associated with perception of physical education Competence, Incremental beliefs about sport ability, the Mastery dimension of the motivational climate, and negatively associated with the Performance dimension of the motivational climate. Also, (3) Performance-avoidance goals were positively associated with Entity beliefs about sport ability and the Performance dimension of the motivational climate; these goals were negatively associated with Incremental beliefs about sport ability and perception of physical education Competence. These results clearly attested to the validity of the trichotomous model in the physical education setting.

  15. Examining Factors Predicting Students’ Digital Competence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ove Edvard Hatlevik

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine factors predicting lower secondary school students’ digital competence and to explore differences between students when it comes to digital competence. Results from a digital competence test and survey in lower secondary school will be presented. It is important to learn more about and investigate what characterizes students’ digital competence. A sample of 852 ninth-grade Norwegian students from 38 schools participated in the study. The students answered a 26 item multiple-choice digital competence test and a self-report questionnaire about family background, motivation, and previous grades. Structural equation modeling was used to test a model of the hypothesised relationship between family background, mastery orientation, previous achievements, and digital competence. The results indicate variation in digital competence among the ninth-graders. Further, analyses showed that students’ conditions at home, i.e., language integration and cultural capital, together with mastery orientation and academic achievements predict students digital competence. This study indicates that that there is evidence of digital diversity between lower secondary students. It does not seem like the development of digital competence among the students happens automatically. Students’ family background and school performance are the most important factors. Therefore, as this study shows, it is necessary to further investigate how schools can identify students’ level of competence and to develop plans and actions for how schools can help to try to equalize differences.

  16. Comparative Analysis of Future Cooks’ Training in Vocational Institutions in Ukraine and Abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kankovsky Ihor

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with comparative analysis of conceptual approaches and content of cooks’ training in Ukraine, European countries, the USA and Eastern Partnership countries. It has been found out that national vocational education is grounded on education standards and activity-based approach to forming the training content, subject-based structure of curricula and, surely, needs to become competency-based. It has been revealed that in Eastern Partnership countries there is a normative base of cooks’ vocational training and it is accorded with the competency-based approach. However, such states as the Russian Federation, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan implement study programs for training cooks in traditional institutions of formal vocational training of Post-Soviet type. At the same time, the training of future cooks in European countries is mainly oriented toward the concept of continuing education and is variable, multilevel, wide-profile, at most approximated to the needs of catering trade. The level-based curricula and dual system of cooks’ training in vocational schools of France, Austria and Italy have been characterized. In addition, the authors have defined the common feature of professional practical training of cooks in culinary schools in the USA, that is its organization under the conditions of real production that ensures a wide professional competency of future cooks, their acquiring knowledge and skills needed for professional activity. It has been concluded that positive aspects of foreign experience may assist in defining prognostic directions for the development of cooks’ vocational training in Ukraine.

  17. Reconstructing Vocational Education and Training for the 21st Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Hyland

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The unfavorable comparisons between English and European vocational education and training (VET systems made in the Wolf Report—and indeed in many national reviews of VET in Britain since the Royal Commission on Technical Education reported in 1884—point toward the low status of vocational pursuits in the United Kingdom compared with that in Continental Europe and elsewhere. In the light of these cultural differences, it is unlikely that structural, funding, or curriculum reforms alone will succeed in enhancing VET provision without corresponding changes in the value foundation of vocational studies. The reconstruction of VET requires a re-orientation of its foundational values if the reforms proposed by Wolf and others are to have any chance of lasting success. By the same token—although European and other national systems have their own peculiar problems—the global policy agenda concerned only with cognitive outcomes expressed as behaviorist skills and competences is, arguably, unlikely to meet the key challenges. A reconstructed model of VET needs to foreground the values, craft, and aesthetic features of vocationalism if the perennial problems are to be dealt with adequately. A reconstruction plan is suggested below, informed and inspired by the concept of “mindfulness”—non-judgmental, present-moment attention, and awareness—drawn from Buddhist contemplative traditions. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs in areas such as psychology, psychotherapy, medical science, and education have grown exponentially over the last decade or so, and interesting work is now emerging in relation to the value of mindfulness in workplace training.

  18. Vocational behavior analysis in psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Estrella LÓPEZ PÉREZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The European Higher Education Area (EHEA is supporting gain relevance of vocational guidance into the frame of University Education. In order to a better planning of this guidance we need to know his contents evaluating student vocational interests of each center. The aim of the study is to analyze the indicators of Psychology students vocational behavior and his evolution and comparing those results with data of another students population. Methodology. The 329 psychology students participants from the University of Salamanca (248 in the second year and 81 in the fifth answered the questionnaire of university biodata (Rocabert, 2005. In all cases we took a significance level of ? = 0.05 carrying out samples comparison tests using U de Mann-Whitney techniques and contingency analysis. Results: The present study found significant differences between second and fifth psychology grade students and with general university population data collected by Rocabert, Descals and Gomez (2007. In general, psychology students begin their degrees with a high level interest and motivated; they are making decisions based on the academic specialty they want to work in. However, for last year students group (fith year students we detected a lower satisfaction in their studies, more difficulties in deciding what they want to do and a greater demand of information in order to choose the advisablest option for them. Conclusions. Despite the high motivation of psychology students, the nearer is his integration into the job market the higher is the need of guidance to help them to take decisions concerning specialization or the professional world.

  19. Assessing teamwork competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrelles Nadal, Cristina; Paris Mañas, Georgina; Sabrià Bernadó, Betlem; Alsinet Mora, Carles

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, organizations of all types have undergone major changes, and teamwork is one of them. This way of working generates greater profits for an organization. This article aims to assess the teamwork competence of the employees of various Spanish companies in order to determine how effective the team members are in their professional actions. We contacted 55 teams from different organizations and obtained a non-probabilistic sample comprised of 55 participants (subjects tested) and 218 observers (evaluators: coordinators and co-workers). The instrument used for data collection was the Teamwork Rubric (Torrelles, 2011) and data analysis was based on 360º feedback. 80% of the teams analyzed obtained median scores for teamwork competence that were greater than 3, whereas 20% obtained scores between 2 and 3. The results showed that the workers in the companies studied had not fully acquired teamwork competence. It is necessary to find training solutions to improve their level of acquisition, particularly the dimensions of performance and regulation.

  20. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  1. Effects of video-feedback on the communication, clinical competence and motivational interviewing skills of practice nurses: a pre-test posttest control group study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordman, J.; Weijden, T. van der; Dulmen, S. van

    2014-01-01

    Aims: To examine the effects of individual video-feedback on the generic communication skills, clinical competence (i.e. adherence to practice guidelines) and motivational interviewing skills of experienced practice nurses working in primary care. Background: Continuing professional education may be

  2. Effects of video-feedback on the communication, clinical competence and motivational interviewing skills of practice nurses: a pre-test posttest control group study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordman, J.; Weijden, T.T. van der; Dulmen, S. van

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: To examine the effects of individual video-feedback on the generic communication skills, clinical competence (i.e. adherence to practice guidelines) and motivational interviewing skills of experienced practice nurses working in primary care. BACKGROUND: Continuing professional education may be

  3. Dementia and legal competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filaković, Pavo; Erić, Anamarija Petek; Mihanović, Mate; Glavina, Trpimir; Molnar, Sven

    2011-06-01

    execution, language difficulties, loosing perception of time and space, changes in mood and behaviour, personality alterations, loss of interests and initiative). Towards more accurate determination of legal competency the psychometric tests are being used. The appliance of these tests must be guided with basic question during evaluation: "For what is or is not he/she capable?" In prediction of possible dementia development, the modern diagnostic procedures are used as help for potentially demented individuals in order to plan own affairs and by oneself determine future guardian. This ensures the maximal respect and protection of rights among persons with dementia in order to independently manage life one step ahead of progressive illness. Finally, it is to be distinguished medical concept of legal capacity which is universal and judicial concept which is restricted by rules of national legal system differing from country to country.

  4. Innovative Approaches to Vocational Education Teachers′ Training Within the Educational Space of European Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marynchenko Yevhenii

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the main approaches to content, forms and methods of training future teachers of vocational education in Europe. It has been found that the structure and content according to national traditions and European standards have led to success of European vocational education. It has been proved that training is practiceoriented, has a solid fundamental basis and is interdisciplinary, effectively contributes to the forming of a professional outlook. We have identified common trends in training teachers of vocational education: flexible training programs based on a broad concept of competence and establishment of closer links between education institutions and research laboratories; greater attention to quality control through a large diversity in the education content; increasing autonomy of education institutions that widens their perspectives, obligatory research and innovation projects within training of future vocational education teachers, diversity of forms and methods of professional training that develops creative innovative thinking, the importance of using ICTs in the training. All these aspects prove innovative nature of European education and great opportunities for training future vocational education teachers′ readiness for creative professional activity.

  5. Health informatics competencies - underpinning e-health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grain, Heather; Hovenga, Evelyn

    2011-01-01

    There is a widespread consensus that we have an urgent need to improve our workforce capacity in all aspects associated with the skills and knowledge required for successful e-health and health informatics developments, associated change management and systems implementation strategies. Such activities aim to support various health reform policy initiatives. This paper considers the work being undertaken by many researchers around the globe to define the range of skills and knowledge requirements to suit this purpose. A number of requirements and areas of specialisation are detailed. This is followed by descriptions for competencies in general and more specifically descriptions of a set of high level agreed Health Informatics competencies. Collectively these competencies provide a suitable framework useful for the formal recognition of Health Informatics, including e-health, as a nationally recognised study discipline. Nationally agreed competencies for this discipline enables all education and training efforts to be consistently implemented and to fit with the Australian Qualifications Framework covering both the Vocational Education and Training (VET) and Higher Education sectors.

  6. Emotional Competencies in Geriatric Nursing: Empirical Evidence from a Computer Based Large Scale Assessment Calibration Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspar, Roman; Hartig, Johannes

    2016-01-01

    The care of older people was described as involving substantial emotion-related affordances. Scholars in vocational training and nursing disagree whether emotion-related skills could be conceptualized and assessed as a professional competence. Studies on emotion work and empathy regularly neglect the multidimensionality of these phenomena and…

  7. Workplace-Based Competence Measurement: Developing Innovative Assessment Systems for Tomorrow's VET Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achtenhagen, Frank; Winther, Esther

    2014-01-01

    As a consequence of the large-scale assessment studies (TIMMS; PISA) in compulsory schooling, attention is now being given to the modelling and measurement of competencies in initial vocational education and training. This new output-led perspective of teaching/training and learning/working processes demands new approaches to research. Using the…

  8. Can Competency-Based Training Fly?: An Overview of Key Issues for "Ab Initio" Pilot Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franks, Peter; Hay, Stephen; Mavin, Tim

    2014-01-01

    Competency-based training (CBT) for pilots was formally introduced in 1999 by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) for training leading to the issue of aeroplane private and commercial pilot licences. This initiative followed the Australian government's introduction of CBT policy for vocational and workplace training in the late 1980's.…

  9. Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Catering Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

    This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in the catering industry. It is designed for use with a variety of levels of learners (secondary, postsecondary, adult) in both school and non-school educational settings. Focusing on two levels of employment, food caterer…

  10. Essential competencies for the education of nursing assistants and care helpers in elderly care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeseburg, Barth; Hilberts, Rudi; Roodbol, Petrie F

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Dutch health care system faces huge challenges with regard to the demand on elderly care and the competencies of professionals required to meet this demand. However, a recent study showed that the curricula in vocational education for nursing assistants and care helpers remains inade

  11. Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

    2007-01-01

    A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

  12. How Can Teachers' Entrepreneurial Competences Be Developed? A Collaborative Learning Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peltonen, Katariina

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of collaborative learning in the development of teachers' entrepreneurial competences in the school context at primary, secondary and vocational levels of education. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on an interpretative and collaborative learning approach to teachers'…

  13. Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cave, Julie; And Others

    This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

  14. Assessment Criteria for Competency-Based Education: A Study in Nursing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care…

  15. Implementation of Innovations in Higher Education: The Case of Competency-Based Training in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boahin, Peter; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

    2012-01-01

    A notable trend in recent years has been the introduction of competency-based training (CBT) in vocational education and training systems in many countries. Several CBT training programmes in Ghana have been accredited and quality assured. This article explores the perception of both students and lecturers towards CBT and examines factors that…

  16. Implementation of innovations in higher education : the case of competency-based training in Ghana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boahin, Peter; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

    2012-01-01

    A notable trend in recent years has been the introduction of competency-based training (CBT) in vocational education and training systems in many countries. Several CBT training programmes in Ghana have been accredited and quality assured. This article explores the perception of both students and le

  17. Essential competencies for the education of nursing assistants and care helpers in elderly care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeseburg, Barth; Hilberts, Rudi; Roodbol, Petrie F

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Dutch health care system faces huge challenges with regard to the demand on elderly care and the competencies of professionals required to meet this demand. However, a recent study showed that the curricula in vocational education for nursing assistants and care helpers remains inade

  18. ‘Assessing the assessment’ : Development and use of quality criteria for Competence Assessment Programmes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baartman, L.K.J.

    2008-01-01

    Competence-based (vocational) education has gained a firm foothold in our society, causing assessment practices to change accordingly, along with ideas of what constitutes good assessment. The subject of this thesis is the (1) development, (2) validation and (3) practical use of a framework of quali

  19. A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

    2013-01-01

    In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

  20. A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

    2013-01-01

    In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…