WorldWideScience

Sample records for vocational agriculture objectives

  1. Agribusiness Management. The Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    These materials in agribusiness management for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum were designed for use in the following areas: Animal Science; Plant Science; Agricultural Mechanics; and Natural Resources and Aquaculture. Each unit of this competency-based guide contains title of unit, unit length, grade level, objectives, teacher…

  2. Factors Concerning Students' Perceptions of Teaching Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, W. Wade; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the degree to which high school senior vocational agriculture students perceived vocational agriculture teachers' roles and responsibilities as encouraging or discouraging them to pursue a career in agricultural education. (JOW)

  3. Should I Take French, Physics, or Vocational Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, William; Goecker, Allan

    1974-01-01

    Studies at the Purdue School of Agriculture indicated students who had completed high school vocational agriculture were more likely to complete requirements for a baccalaureate degree in agriculture than those not having vocational agriculture. Agriculture college-bound students should emphasize agriculture, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and…

  4. High Technology in the Vocational Agriculture Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, William G.

    While many aspects of high technology may be directly applicable in the vocational agricultural classroom, the primary thrust of high technology into such programs, at least in the short range, will be centered around the microcomputer. Because of its cost and availability, the microcomputer will continue to play an ever increasing role in…

  5. Mathematics in agriculture and vocational education for agricultures

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents some of the results from a research study about mathematics in agriculture and agricultural education. The purpose of the study is to investigate the role of mathematics as a professional knowledge, and how to organize vocational secondary school education so that students receive the math knowledge and skills they need for their future profession. The study is done from a curricula theoretical perspective with concepts from Bernstein (2000). The re...

  6. 20 CFR 725.710 - Objective of vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Objective of vocational rehabilitation. 725... OF THE FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.710 Objective of vocational rehabilitation. The objective of vocational rehabilitation is...

  7. Congressional District Schools: Forerunner of Federally Supported Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, John

    1989-01-01

    Before the Smith-Hughes Act, Congressional district agricultural schools in Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia provided an early example of federal support for vocational agriculture. Although agricultural instruction was included, these schools were in reality comprehensive high schools that set precedents for subsequent agricultural curricula. (SK)

  8. Experimental Evaluation of Field Trips on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaslin, Norval L.

    To determine the effect of field trips on student achievement in each of four subject matter areas in vocational agriculture, 12 schools offering approved programs were randomly selected and divided into a treatment group and a control group. Uniform teaching outlines and reference materials were provided to each group. While no field trips were…

  9. Energy and Agriculture. A Basic Core Curriculum for Teaching Energy to Vocational Agriculture Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James; French, Byron

    This core curriculum contains five units of material for teaching energy to vocational agriculture students. Energy uses and the benefits of energy conservation are covered in a unit on the impact of energy on agriculture. Discussed next are tractor performance and Nebraska tractor test data for selecting and evaluating tractors for maximum fuel…

  10. Agricultural Mechanics--A Stimulus to Vocational Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almazan, Isais, Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Through the study of agricultural mechanics or farm shop, students are able to discover their mechanical aptitudes and also develop a sense of satisfaction that comes with the experience of personal accomplishments at the Victoria-Stroman High School. Adults are encouraged to participate in the Specialist Program which is sponsored by the…

  11. Education, Employment and Income of High School Vocational Agriculture Graduates. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quesada, R. M.; Seaver, S. K.

    In order to evaluate vocational agriculture education in 21 Connecticut high schools for the purposes of developing or updating curriculums, this study intended to: (1) determine employment rates of vocational agriculture graduates in agricultural areas, (2) determine post-secondary educational attainment levels, (3) determine variables affecting…

  12. Corn Production. A Unit for Teachers of Vocational Agriculture. Production Agriculture Curriculum Materials Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.

    Designed to provide instructional materials for use by vocational agriculture teachers, this unit contains nine lessons based upon competencies needed to maximize profits in corn production. The lessons cover opportunities for growing corn; seed selection; seedbed preparation; planting methods and practices; fertilizer rates and application;…

  13. Breeding Livestock. A Unit for Teachers of Vocational Agriculture. Production Agriculture Curriculum Materials Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryan, Robert C.

    Designed to provide instructional materials for use by vocational agriculture teachers, this unit on breeding livestock contains materials for use in teaching the importance of breeding, the physiology of livestock breeding, reproductive processes, sire selection, and breeding systems. Lessons on each of these competencies contain the following:…

  14. Research and Practice of Agricultural Vocational Colleges in Serving Entrepreneurial Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; LIU; Lijun; DING; Zhi; WU

    2013-01-01

    As the vocational colleges shoulder the responsibilities of personnel training, scientific research and the social services, the agricultural vocational colleges, undertake the responsibilities of supporting "three agriculture" and speeding up the new countryside construction. Therefore, agricultural vocational colleges shall take the responsibility of providing the employment training to returned migrant workers is the obligation of agricultural vocational colleges and they are bound to be the camp for providing entrepreneurship training to returned farmers. Relying on its own characteristics and research strengths, the Jiangsu Animal Husbandry & Veterinary College has conducted rewarding research and practices on carrying out entrepreneurship training for farmers.

  15. A Study of Factors Associated with the Vocational Development of High School Agricultural Occupations Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byler, Bennie L.; Hemp, Paul E.

    Among the most crucial problems facing young people today are decisions in the process of vocational development. This study was designed to determine if there are differences in certain aspects of vocational development among the groups of high school agriculture students who plan to enter on-farm agricultural occupations, those who plan to enter…

  16. An Experimental Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Selected Techniques and Resources on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahler, Alan A.

    The study was designed to test new instructional techniques in vocational agriculture, determine their effectiveness on student achievement, and compare individual and group instructional techniques. Forty-eight randomly selected Iowa high school vocational agriculture programs with enrollments of 35 students or more, were selected for testing the…

  17. Identifying and Validating Essential Job Entry Level Competencies for Vocational Agriculture in Wyoming. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Carl L.; Durkee, James R.

    This document reports on a project designed to identify and validate the essential competencies needed by agriculture students in order to enter and advance successfully in agricultural occupations in Wyoming. Competency lists and validation studies were collected from other states. A group of vocational agriculture teachers developed a list of…

  18. INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE, A RESEARCH REPORT OF A GRADUATE STUDY. RESEARCH SERIES IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BENDER, RALPH E.; STARLING, JOHN T.

    TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN OHIO HIGH SCHOOLS, 15 PILOT SCHOOLS AND 8 CONTROL SCHOOLS WERE STUDIED. PRETESTS ADMINISTERED TO STUDENTS IN OCTOBER 1963 WERE AN AGRICULTURAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST, A BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES TEST, THE CALIFORNIA SHORT-FORM TEST OF MENTAL…

  19. Modeling Intention to Use Information Technology (IT Among Agricultural Teachers in Agricultural Vocational Schools in Kurdistan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Sulaimany

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available : The purpose of this descriptive – co-relational study was to determine factors influencing intention to use IT among agricultural vocational teachers using Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB in Kurdistan province. Data was collected using researcher-made questionnaire. The validity was confirmed using a panel of experts and reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha yielding 0.7 for all sections. The population consisted of agricultural vocational teachers in Kurdistan province (N =71. All teachers participated in the study. Regression analysis revealed that self-efficacy, subjective norms, and attitude towards using IT explained 58% variance in intention to use IT. The result of this study has implications for agricultural vocational system in Kurdistan province in that attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy should be further enhanced if teachers are to continue using IT in their educational activities.

  20. A SUMMARY OF STUDIES IN ACHIEVEMENT OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE GRADUATES IN COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MCCLELLAND, JOHN B.

    TWENTY-SEVEN STUDIES ARE INCLUDED IN THIS SYNTHESIS OF RESEARCH ON THE APPROPRIATENESS OF HIGH SCHOOL VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS GOING ON TO AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES. MOST OF THE STUDIES INVOLVED STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE TREATMENT. THE STUDIES ARE ORGANIZED INTO SECTIONS--(1) COMPREHENSIVE, (2) ACHIEVEMENT IN LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES, (3)…

  1. Program and Curriculum Guide for Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness in South Dakota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Dakota State Univ., Brookings. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    The guide is designed for use by agricultural instructors, administrators, supervisors, school boards, and others who are involved in planning instructional programs for vocational agriculture/agribusiness education in high schools and adult education. Part 1 details information pertaining to the administrative aspects of program development,…

  2. Record Book for Supervised Occupational Experience Programs in Vocational Agriculture Placement. Missouri Agricultural Education Series, Volume 11, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    Copies of twelve recordkeeping forms are provided in this record book designed for use by vocational agriculture students in a supervised occupational experience program (SOEP). The forms are organized into three sections: (1) receipts and expenditures (money received, money paid out, cash flow, financial statement, and profit and loss statement);…

  3. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  4. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  5. CURRICULUM MATERIALS, DESCRIPTION AND PRICE LIST OF MATERIALS DEVELOPED BY THE OHIO VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CURRICULUM MATERIALS SERVICE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio Vocational Agriculture Instructional Materials Service, Columbus.

    PAMPHLETS, SLIDES, TAPES, MANUALS, AND AN EXAMINATION ARE INCLUDED IN THIS CATALOG OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR USE BY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS IN HIGH SCHOOL AND ADULT FARMER PROGRAMS. THE MATERIALS WERE DEVELOPED BY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS, CURRICULUM SPECIALISTS, TECHNICAL SPECIALISTS, AND AUDIOVISUAL PERSONNEL AND ARE…

  6. Educational Reform in Management Courses of Agricultural & Forestry Higher Vocational Schools from the Perspective of Microblog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liuhe; JIN

    2014-01-01

    At present there are many socialized microblog platforms.With powerful mobility,real-time information,fragment of information dissemination,and innovation of interaction,the microblog has become a socialized interaction mode in recent years.Since microblog is very popular with students of agricultural and forestry higher vocational schools,with the rising and development of network education,the microblog as a new information platform will be used by more and more teachers in education.From the perspective of microblog,this paper studied educational reform in management courses of agricultural and forestry higher vocational schools,in the hope of providing certain reference and help for current education practice of agricultural and forestry management courses.

  7. Status of Teaching Pre-Vocational Subjects in the Junior Secondary School Level (Agricultural Science and Home Economics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndem, J. U.; Akubue, B. N.

    2016-01-01

    This work assessed the status of teaching pre-vocational subjects in junior secondary school level. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The population of the study was 2,916, while the sample for the study was 215 pre-vocational teachers and agricultural science and home economics students. The study was carried out in Afikpo Education…

  8. Mr. Vo-Ag Teacher--I Am Different:--An Analysis of Agribusiness Students In Vocational Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, John F.

    1972-01-01

    Sharp differences have been found between students in farm and non-farm vocational agriculture programs, and student's place of residence appears to be the most critical variable in designing agribusiness programs. (SB)

  9. The Mode Reform of Cultivating Marketing Talents in Agricultural Vocational Colleges Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Enterprises——A Case Study of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We conduct survey on the characteristics of demand of agricultural enterprises for agricultural marketing talents from the following 6 aspects:the professional marketing talents needed urgently by the agricultural enterprises,the amount of demand of agricultural enterprises for the marketing talents,the jobs offered by the agricultural enterprises,the educational background of agricultural marketing talents favored by the agricultural enterprises,the requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the work experience of agricultural marketing talents,and the quality requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the agricultural marketing talents.We analyse the problems existing in the cultivation mode of marketing talents in agricultural vocational colleges as follows:the feature of major is not outstanding;the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent;it is disconnected with the practical needs of agricultural enterprises;the cultivation form of practical ability is simple.On the basis of this,taking Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology as an example,we advance the new mode of cultivating inter-disciplinary talents integrating "marketing technique+technique marketing",and establish characteristic agricultural course combo system on the basis of vocational position orientation.In the meantime,we propose that we should conduct close college-enterprise cooperation with the local leading agricultural enterprises.This cultivation mode reform of talents is favorable for the agricultural enterprises,especially small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises to foster "marketable" agricultural marketing talents,elevate the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises,serve the local economy,and promote the development of modern agriculture,and China’s agriculture,farmer,and countryside.

  10. An Identification and Analysis of the Existing Needs for Teacher Aides in Programs of Vocational Education in Agriculture and a Suggested Program for Teacher Aide Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durkee, James R.

    This study identified and analyzed the various aspects of the responsibilities and education of teacher aides assigned to work in programs of agricultural vocational education. Vocational agricultural teachers, high school administrators, and state supervisors of agricultural education in the United States were surveyed to obtain information on…

  11. Vocational Education in Life Science, Recreation and Agriculture; Course Options and Suggested Courses of Study for New Hampshire High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Hampshire Agricultural Teachers' Association.

    Developed by teacher educators in cooperation with state supervisors of agricultural education, this curriculum guide is for use by teachers, teacher educators, guidance departments, and school administrators. The 4-year curriculum was designed for vocational agriculture students in grades nine through 12 interested in occupations in production…

  12. A DETERMINATION OF NEEDED ADJUSTMENTS AND EXTENSIONS IN THE CURRICULAR PATTERNS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAYLOR, ROBERT E.

    TO MORE EFFECTIVELY MEET PREPARATORY TRAINING NEEDS IN NONFARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, THE ADJUSTMENTS AND EXTENSIONS NEEDED IN HIGH SCHOOL AND POST-HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULAR PATTERNS OF AGRICULTURAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION WERE IDENTIFIED. COMMITTEE MEETINGS, AREA SEMINARS, AND A NATIONAL CONFERENCE WERE CALLED WHICH SUMMARIZED, INTERPRETED, AND…

  13. EXPECTATIONS OF SELECTED ASPECTS OF A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE PROGRAM AS EXPRESSED AT THE LOCAL SCHOOL LEVEL IN NEW YORK STATE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HERNDON, LEO PRICE

    A MAIL SURVEY WAS USED TO DETERMINE (1) WHAT KEY LOCAL PEOPLE FELT SHOULD CONSTITUTE SELECTED ASPECTS OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, YOUNG FARMERS, ADULT FARMERS, AND RELATED AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, AND (2) WHETHER DIFFERENCES IN MEANS OF AGREEMENT WERE AFFECTED BY CLASS GROUPING, ENROLLMENT SIZE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT, AND…

  14. A Study of the Self-Perceived Teaching Effectiveness of Female and Male Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness Teachers in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Susan Fayette

    The self-perceived teaching effectiveness of female and male vocational agriculture/agribusiness teachers in the United States was studied. The population for the study consisted of all female teachers of vocational agriculture/agribusiness in the United States (325) and an equal number of randomly selected male teachers of vocational…

  15. Multi-Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming In Agricultural Production Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.M.I.U. Herath

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Modern agriculture is characterized by a series of conflicting optimization criteria that obstruct the decision-making process in the planning of agricultural production. Such criteria are usually net profit total cost total production etc. At the same time the decision making process in the agricultural production planning is often conducted with data that accidentally occur in nature or that are fuzzy not deterministic. Such data are the yields of various crops the prices of products and raw materials demand for the product the available quantities of production factors such as water labor etc. In this paper a fuzzy multi-criteria mathematical programming model is presented. This model is applied in a region of 10 districts in Sri Lanka where paddy is cultivated under irrigated and rain fed water in the two main seasons called Yala and Maha and the optimal production plan is achieved. This study was undertaken to find out the optimal allocation of land for paddy to get a better yield while satisfying the two conflicting objectives profit maximizing and cost minimizing subjected to the utilizing of water constraint and the demand constraint. Only the availability of land constraint is considered as a crisp in nature while objectives and other constraints are treated as fuzzy. It is observed that the MOFLP is an effective method to handle more than a single objective occurs in an uncertain vague environment.

  16. Agricultural Pesticides. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Kenneth M.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The proper use of agricultural pesticides is the major emphasis on the unit of instruction developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer and adult farmer classes. Seven lessons are included in the unit covering topical areas related to the utilization of pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and the…

  17. Agricultural Education. Missouri's Show-Me Standards and Vocational Education Competencies. Cross Reference. Main Report [and] Mini Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    These two documents deal with the relationship between Missouri's Show-Me Standards (the standards defining what all Missouri students should know upon graduation from high school) with the vocational competencies taught in secondary-level agricultural education courses. The first document, which is a database documenting the common ground that…

  18. Fuels and Lubricants. An Instructional Unit for High School Teachers of Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowder, John; Carpenter, Bruce

    Designed as a 2-week course of study in the agricultural mechanics curriculum to be taught at the junior and senior high school level, unit on fuels and lubricants is divided into eight major performance objectives. Each objective is subdivided into the areas of content, suggested teaching and learning activities, resources, and evaluation. Topics…

  19. Prospects for China's Rural Vocational Education and the Role of Higher Agricultural Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganzi, Peng; Xianguang, Liu

    The 1980s saw significant development in China's rural vocational education and the continuation of some problems. Most Chinese secondary (92 percent) and postsecondary (82 percent) students are educated in the countryside. However, only 60 percent of vocational high school students are educated there. There is insufficient enrollment at many…

  20. Precision genetics for complex objectives in animal agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahrenkrug, S C; Blake, A; Carlson, D F; Doran, T; Van Eenennaam, A; Faber, D; Galli, C; Gao, Q; Hackett, P B; Li, N; Maga, E A; Muir, W M; Murray, J D; Shi, D; Stotish, R; Sullivan, E; Taylor, J F; Walton, M; Wheeler, M; Whitelaw, B; Glenn, B P

    2010-07-01

    Indirect modification of animal genomes by interspecific hybridization, cross-breeding, and selection has produced an enormous spectrum of phenotypic diversity over more than 10,000 yr of animal domestication. Using these established technologies, the farming community has successfully increased the yield and efficiency of production in most agricultural species while utilizing land resources that are often unsuitable for other agricultural purposes. Moving forward, animal well-being and agricultural sustainability are moral and economic priorities of consumers and producers alike. Therefore, these considerations will be included in any strategy designed to meet the challenges produced by global climate change and an expanding world population. Improvements in the efficiency and precision of genetic technologies will enable a timely response to meet the multifaceted food requirements of a rapidly increasing world population.

  1. Status and Importance/Support for Supervised Occupational Experience Programs (SOEP) as Perceived by New York Vocational Agriculture Teachers and Their Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkey, Arthur L.; Sutphin, H. Dean

    A study examined the status of agricultural supervised occupational experience programs (SOEP) in the state of New York and also the attitudes of agricultural teachers and their building administrators toward SOEP. Two separate survey instruments were used to gather data for the study--one survey was mailed to 333 secondary vocational agriculture…

  2. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  3. Thoughts on the Development Trend of Modern Agriculture and Agricultural Vocational Education%关于现代农业发展趋势与农业职业教育的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦; 何荣誉; 刘芳

    2014-01-01

    现代农业发展离不开农业职业教育,农业职业教育必须面向现代农业发展。文章通过详细分析湖南现代农业的发展趋势,指出培养技术技能型人才、造就新型职业农民是现代农业职业教育面临的新任务,并对农业职业教育如何服务现代农业提出了建议。%The development of modern agriculture cannot do without agriculture vocational education, and agricultural voca-tional education must meet the needs of the development of modern agriculture.Through detailed analysis of Hunan modern agri-cultural development trend, this paper points out that the training of technical talents, and cultivating the new type professional farmers is a new task for modern agriculture vocational education, and it also puts forward suggestions to agricultural occupation education on how to service modern agriculture .

  4. Technologies of the '80s: Their Impact on Vocational Agriculture Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffe, J. A., Ed.; And Others

    This report is one of seven that identify major new and emerging technological advances expected to influence major vocational education program areas and to describe the programmatic implications in terms of skill-knowledge requirements, occupations most directly affected, and the anticipated diffusion rate. Chapter 1 considers technology as…

  5. An Evaluation of Farm Management and Agricultural Marketing Microcomputer-Assisted Instruction in Training Vocational Agriculture Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trede, Larry D.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    A study found that there is a significant difference in student achievement when teaching farm management and agricultural marketing concepts and problem solving with microcomputer-assisted instruction as compared to the lecture-discussion teaching method; and that there is little difference in achievement when comparing teachers' knowledge and…

  6. Problems Existing in Agricultural Vocational Education and Its Countermeasures in Liaoning%辽宁农业职业教育存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董宁

    2015-01-01

    Looking from education background of vocational technology in Liaoning, the agricultural vocational education is weak. In the article, it analyzed the main problems existing in agricultural vocational education in Liaoning from the aspects of enrollment, funding, teaching and production practice, professional setting, teaching staff and teaching material, and raised related countermeasures, in order to promote the development of agricultural vocational education in Liaoning.%从辽宁职业技术教育大背景看,农业职业技术教育仍属薄弱环节。从招生、资金、教学与生产实践、专业设置、师资队伍、教材等方面,深入分析辽宁农业职业教育存在的主要问题,并提出相应的对策,为促进辽宁农业职业教育更好发展提供参考。

  7. The Study on Integration of Vocational Education BetweenNiddle and High Vocational School in Management of Agricultural Economy%农业经济管理专业中高职教育衔接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国政; 姜桂娟; 李春青

    2014-01-01

    In practice, the integration vocational education between middle and high vocational school has signifi-cance for training the new rural construction and modern agricultural management applied professionals. This article will be analyzed the management of agricultural economy a few problems and puts forward some policy Suggestions in integration vocational education between middle and high vocational school.%实行中、高职专业教育衔接贯通,搭建现代农经专业人才培养中高职直通式立交桥,对于培养新农村建设与现代农业管理应用性专业人才具有重要意义。本文分析了农业经济管理专业中高职教育衔接贯通存在的几个问题,并提出了相应的政策建议。

  8. Science IA (Agriscience). A Science Credit for Agriculture: Integrating Academic and Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel C.

    Because college-bound students often had trouble fitting agricultural education courses into their schedules, and because science teachers rejected the idea of giving a science credit for 2 years of agricultural education, a new integrated course was created in Tennessee. It is now called Science IA (Agriscience). It is taught by a teacher with an…

  9. Vocational Agriculture Training Program: Safe Tractor and Farm Machinery Operation. Special Paper No. 8. Second Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobbitt, Frank; Doss, Howard

    The publication was prepared for the United States Office of Education for use by teachers who direct agricultural training programs in safe tractor operation and safe farm machinery operation that comply with the United States Department of Labor regulations on hazardous occupations in agriculture. Upon successful completion of these training…

  10. Technical Update for Vocational Agriculture Teachers in Secondary Schools. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    A project provided ongoing opportunities for teachers in Iowa to upgrade their expertise in agribusiness management using new technology; production, processing, and marketing agricultural products; biotechnology in agriculture; and conservation of natural resources. The project also modeled effective teaching methods and strategies. Project…

  11. The Agricultural Vocational Education in Germany and its Implication to China%德国农业职业教育的特点及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海峰

    2012-01-01

    This paper is aimed at exploring the agricultural vocational education in Germany and its implication to China.The agricultural vocational education in Germany has contributed to the success of German agricultural undertakings through training a large number of high-quality 'agricultural workers'.The German agricultural vocational education is offered at three levels: primary training,continuous education and in-service education.It is characterized by specialized management,practical talent training,legalized working credentials,teachers' authentication and standardized quality appraisal system.Compared with German education,problems can be identified in Chinese agricultural vocational education,whose solution can be obtained through drawing on the German experience.%德国农业职业教育培养了大批高素质"农业工人",造就了高度发达的德国农业。德国农业职业教育分为初级培训、继续教育、在职教育三个层次,其特点是管理组织专业化、人才培养实用化、从业资格法律化、师资认证严格化、质量体系评价标准化。相比较中国的农业职业教育还存在一些问题,因此可以借鉴德国的成功经验进行改革。

  12. Lesson Plans for Teaching Basic Vocational Agriculture. Section III. Introduction to Soil Management and Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCully, James S., Jr., Comp.

    This publication, one of five sections, was developed for use in first and second year basic agriculture courses in secondary schools in Mississippi. The five lessons focus on the measurement and description of property and the classification of land. The purposes of the lessons are to (1) introduce the units and methods used to measure distance…

  13. Software engineering techniques applied to agricultural systems an object-oriented and UML approach

    CERN Document Server

    Papajorgji, Petraq J

    2014-01-01

    Software Engineering Techniques Applied to Agricultural Systems presents cutting-edge software engineering techniques for designing and implementing better agricultural software systems based on the object-oriented paradigm and the Unified Modeling Language (UML). The focus is on the presentation of  rigorous step-by-step approaches for modeling flexible agricultural and environmental systems, starting with a conceptual diagram representing elements of the system and their relationships. Furthermore, diagrams such as sequential and collaboration diagrams are used to explain the dynamic and static aspects of the software system.    This second edition includes: a new chapter on Object Constraint Language (OCL), a new section dedicated to the Model-VIEW-Controller (MVC) design pattern, new chapters presenting details of two MDA-based tools – the Virtual Enterprise and Olivia Nova, and a new chapter with exercises on conceptual modeling.  It may be highly useful to undergraduate and graduate students as t...

  14. Opportunities and Ideas of Vocational Education in Agriculture from the View of Modern Agriculture%现代农业视角下农业职业教育的机遇与思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦; 单武雄

    2014-01-01

    At first, it described the developing situation of modern agriculture in Hunan province simply. Then, it indicated that the development of agriculture industry and its related industries turned into a new period, in which it should change the mode of production, rely on advancement of agricultural technology and improvement of agricultural labor’s quality, enhance the efficiency of agricultural production. Therefore, in order to meet the developing requirements of modern agriculture, the vocational education in agriculture faces some new opportunities, such as requiring great number of new type agricultural professional, adjusting structure of agriculture related majors, etc.. In the end, it put forward some suggestions for developing vocational education in agriculture in next stage, including establishing a concept of service for development of modern agriculture, constructing vocational education system in modern agriculture, strengthening adjustment of structure for agriculture related majors and training talents, increasing training degree for new type of professional farmers.%简要阐述了湖南省现代农业的发展形势,指出农业行业及相关产业的发展进入了转变生产方式,依靠农业技术进步和提高农业劳动者素质,提升农业生产效率的时期。为适应现代农业发展需要,农业职业教育发展面临新型农业职业人才需求量大、涉农专业结构调整等新机遇。据此,提出下一阶段的农业职业教育发展应树立服务现代农业发展的理念,构建现代农业职业教育体系,加强涉农专业结构调整和人才培养,加大新型职业农民培训力度。

  15. Based on Perceptron Object Classification Algorithms for Processing of Agricultural Field Images

    OpenAIRE

    Ganchenko, V.; Doudkin, A.; Pawlowski, T.; Petrovsky, A.; Sadykhov, R.

    2012-01-01

    Neural network algorithms of object classification are considered in the paper applying to disease area recognition of agricultural field images. The images are presented as reduced normalized histograms. The classification is carried out for RGB-and HSV-space by using of a multilayer perceptron.

  16. Food Supply Security and Import Substitution as the Key Strategic Objectives of the Modern Agricultural Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoly Ivanovich Altukhov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A crucially new social- and economic situation has shaped up by now in the rural areas and agricultural sphere; in its many instances such situation does not fit in the national agricultural policy in effect called upon to be a long-term instrument for economic adjustment of the agro-food market and state support of the agricultural sphere, most significantly, its foundation — the farming sector. Ensuring of food supply security by import substitution in the age of the national farm product markets globalization is possible in the macro-economic conditions promoting the development of the agricultural sector. The main reason that retards this sector development is inequitable cross-sector exchange at sacrifice of the agricultural industry. The article sets forward and approbates the author’s method of simple assessment procedure of how the price cross-sector relations and state financial support (in the form of subsidies of the agricultural enterprises influence their profitability generation. Further to the assessment, the following conclusions have been made: — in view of the tangible contribution of the agricultural sector to the country economy, this sector is self-reliant for its own development, i.e. the state is reasonably in a position to increase expenses for eliminating negative consequences of inequitable crosssector exchange; — the amount of expenses for state financial support is supposed to enable the agricultural commodity producers to generate profitability to the level that can stimulate the farm workers’ labour efficiency and build up a system of affordable credit facilities for the objects of techno-engineering modernization necessary to produce competitive products. — the issue of improving the competitiveness of agricultural production should be addressed in the first place at the federal level. Among the essential factors to increase the competitiveness of specific types of domestic food products and

  17. Object Detection for Agricultural and Construction Environments Using an Ultrasonic Sensor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvorak, J S; Stone, M L; Self, K P

    2016-04-01

    This study tested an ultrasonic sensor's ability to detect several objects commonly encountered in outdoor agricultural or construction environments: a water jug, a sheet of oriented strand board (OSB), a metalfence post, a human model, a wooden fence post, a Dracaena plant, a juniper plant, and a dog model. Tests were performed with each target object at distances from 0.01 to 3 m. Five tests were performed with each object at each location, and the sensor's ability to detect the object during each test was categorized as "undetected," "intermittent," "incorrect distance," or "good." Rigid objects that presented a larger surface area to the sensor, such as the water jug and OSB, were better detected than objects with a softer surface texture, which were occasionally not detected as the distance approached 3 m. Objects with extremely soft surface texture, such as the dog model, could be undetected at almost any distance from the sensor. The results of this testing should help designers offuture systems for outdoor environments, as the target objects tested can be found in nearly any agricultural or construction environment.

  18. Tree-Fruit Production. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryan, Robert C.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    Designed as a guide for teachers in planning and conducting young and adult farmer classes, the unit covers the basic areas of tree-fruit production. The format of the 10-lesson unit allows for the utilization of the problem-solving and discussion methods of teaching. The major objective of the unit is to develop the ability to effectively…

  19. Thoughts on Deepening Integration of Production and Education in Agricultural Vocational Colleges%农业职业院校深化产教融合的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴薇; 王云江

    2014-01-01

    The integration of production and education as well as school-enterprise cooperation is one of the most important parts of vocational education, and also the core mission and direction of vocational college school-running. Through the analysis of the current situation that domestic and foreign vocational education deepen the integration of production and education, and the under⁃standing of this problem in agricultural vocational colleges, the paper puts forward that the integration mode should take school-en⁃terprise cooperation as the key point, talents training as the backing, and school and enterprise achieving win-win as the goal to pro⁃mote reform of agricultural professional talents training mode and optimize training approach and improve students’skills and em⁃ployment ability.%产教融合、校企合作是职业教育最重要的环节之一,也是职业院校办学的核心使命和办学方向。通过对国内外职业教育深化产教融合现状分析,以及对农业职业院校深化产教融合的认识,提出农业职业院校产教融合模式应以校企合作为重点,以人才培养为依托,以校企双赢为目标,推进涉农专业人才培养模式改革和培养途径优化,切实提高学生的技能水平和就业质量。

  20. Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA Agriculture Resource Directory offers comprehensive, easy-to-understand information about environmental stewardship on farms and ranches; commonsense, flexible approaches that are both environmentally protective and agriculturally sound.

  1. Research on Objective Orientation about Entrepreneurship Education of Higher Vocational College%高职院校创业教育目标定位研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱卫国; 周群华

    2012-01-01

    The object of entrepreneurship education is the starting point of developing entrepreneurship education activity among higher vocational colleges,the economic and social factors,higher vocational college training goals factors and the students' all-round development of the individual factors should be took into consideration when higher vocational colleges establish entrepreneurship education goals.Only by basing on this can higher vocational colleges explore entrepreneurship education objetive orientation and the effective ways to reach the goals of entrepreneurship education.%创业教育的目标是高职院创业教育开展的出发点,高职院确立创业教育的目标定位应考虑经济社会因素、高职院培养目标因素和学生个体全面发展因素等,并在此基础上探索高职院创业教育的目标定位和达成教育目标的有效途径。

  2. Leadership and Personal Development Abilities Possessed by High School Seniors Who Are Members in Superior and Non-Superior FFA Chapters, and by Seniors Who Were Never Enrolled in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, S. Clifton; Newcomb, L. H.

    1984-01-01

    A study of the leadership and personal development abilities of four groups of high school seniors, some of whom were members of Future Farmers of America (FFA) and some who were never enrolled in vocational agriculture, found that FFA involvement resulted in more leadership abilities. (JOW)

  3. Research on the Path to the Services of Libraries of Agricultural Vocational Colleges to"Agriculture, Rural Area and Farmers"%农业高职院校图书馆服务“三农”路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀; 周继; 朱敏; 赵红杰

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the advantages of libraries of agricultural vocational colleges in serving"Agriculture, Rural Area and Farmers" and puts forward feasible path to this goal, namely, enhancing the construction of information resources in agriculture, equipping agricultural technical personnel with knowledge of information retrieval, carrying out farming-skill training programs in the countryside, providing farmers with multi-level consulting service and popularizing the information of new technology and new achievements.%分析了农业高职院校图书馆服务“三农”的优势,提出了农业高职院校图书馆为“三农”服务的路径:加强农业信息资源建设;为农技人员开展信息检索和知识培训;送科技下乡;开展多层次咨询服务;做好新技术、新成果的信息推广。

  4. 基于学生视角浅议中职涉农专业发展%Discussion on the Development of Agriculture-related Specialties in Secondary Vocational Education Based on the Perspective of Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立斌; 张冰洁

    2014-01-01

    本文通过对近几年《中国教育统计年鉴》中相关数据进行统计分析后,从学生视角出发对中职涉农专业招生数量、生师比、生源结构、学生流失率、价值取向等方面进行分析,找出现存问题,并针对存在的问题从扩大中职涉农专业培养对象、建立高素质师资队伍、解决学生出口难等方面提出解决性措施,以更好地促进中职涉农专业的可持续发展。%After analyzing the relevant data from the recent years of "Chinese Education Statistical Yearbook" , then based on the perspective of students, the paper tries to analyze the enrollment number, the ratio of students to teachers, the source structure, dropout rate, value orientation, finds out some problems about the development of Agriculture-related Specialties in Secondary Vocational Education. In order to promote the sustainable development of Agriculture-related Specialties, this paper puts forward some corresponding countermeasures, such as expanding the professional training object, establishing high quality teacher troop, solving students' export difficulties.

  5. Directions and Objectives of Hunan's Agricultural Development in the Early of the New Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@2000 is the beginning of the new millennium from which on Hunan's agriculture will meet with a new challenge and chance. Hunan will carry out 12 central agricultural engineering projects in the early stage of the new century to promote the adjustment and optimilization of the province's industries for agricultural production and development, speed up the new technological revolution to prosper agriculture with science and technology, accelerate agriculture's opening to the outside world in depth and richen farmers through their income increase from both high crop yield and favourable marketing price. These 12 projects are as follows:

  6. 高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学改革研究%Study on Curriculum Teaching Reform of Agricultural Products Futures Trading in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭礼

    2016-01-01

    《农产品期货交易》课程是一个新兴和热门的课程,具有很强的学习意义与实用价值。文章首先阐述农产品期货人才知识构成及需求特点以及对《农产品期货交易》课程进行概述,然后分析了当前高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学存在的主要问题,最后提出了高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学改革的建议,希望能为该课程的高职教学改革提供一些参考。%The rapid development of agricultural products futures for higher vocational agricultural products futures education provides opportunities for development.The agricultural products futures trading is a new and popular course,has a strong learning significance and practical value.Article firstly in this paper,the agricultural products futures talents knowledge structure and demand characteristics as well as to the “law of produce futures trading”course are summarized,and then analyzes the current higher vocational colleges of agricultural products futures trading,main problems of curriculum teaching,and finally puts forward the higher vocational colleges of the curriculum teaching reform in agricultural futures trading advice,hoping to provide some references for the curriculum of higher vocational teaching reform.

  7. Department of Energy programs and objectives: energy conservation in agricultural production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-12-01

    This document describes the current Department of Energy agriculture research program as it relates to the research recommendations submitted by a 1976 workshop on energy conservation in agricultural production. In-depth discussions on fertilizers, irrigation, crop drying, fuel substitution, crop and animal production systems, greenhouses, materials handling, and transport systems are included. (MCW)

  8. An Empirical Study on the Reform of Training Pattern of the Combination of the Logistics Management Specialty in Higher Vocational Education Based on Agricultural Talents---Taking Hunan Vocational College of Commerce as an Example%基于工学结合的高职物流管理专业涉农人才培养模式改革实证研究--以湖南商务职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢虎军

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural higher vocational logistics management professional talents training has been influenced by various factors cause is not well developed in line with market demand and business professionals. Hunan Vocational College of Commerce from the training objectives, the reform of talents cultivation, curriculum combination of talent training mode and the construction of their teachers in several aspects of there form constructs the training model of work study combination of higher vocational logis-tics management professional talents based on agriculture. Through the survey of graduates an empirical study on the feasibility of the model.%高职物流管理专业涉农人才的培养一直以来受到来自各方面因素的影响导致不能很好地培养出符合市场和企业需求的专业人才。湖南商务职业技术学院从人才培养目标、人才培养课程设置改革、基于工学结合的人才培养模式以及双师型教师队伍建设几个方面进行改革,构建了基于工学结合的高职物流管理专业涉农人才培养模式。通过对毕业生跟踪调查实证研究了该模式的可行性。

  9. Domestic Agricultural Subsidies’ Impacts on National Security Objectives Relative to the SOUTHCOM AOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-12

    Agriculture and Trade Policy, ―Summary of Corn Prices and Yields for 2007,‖ http://www. agobservatory.org/library.cfm? refid =88122 (accessed November...commentaries.cfm? refid =100395 (accessed November 22, 2008). 30 Fitzgerald, 39. 31 Ibid. 32 Douglas A. Irwin, ―GATT Turns 60,‖ CATO Institute (April 9...library.cfm? refid =88122 (accessed January 29, 2008). 52 Timothy Wise, ―Barking Up the Wrong Tree: Agricultural Subsidies, Dumping and Policy Reform

  10. Research on Strategies of the Development of Rural Vocational Education Under the Perspective of Agriculture,Rural Areas and Peasantry%“三农”视域下农村职业教育发展策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓华

    2013-01-01

    “三农”问题的难以解决,从另一个侧面反映了农村职业教育的落后与服务“三农”能力的低下。农村职业教育要树立大职业教育观,把自身发展放在城乡一体化的大背景下去思考,明确服务“三农”的办学宗旨,提升服务“三农”的办学能力,完善服务“三农”的内容体系,从而实现农村职业教育的健康、可持续发展。%Issues concerning on agriculture ,rural areas and peasantry are difficult to solve ,reflected on the other side of the backward of rural vocational education and its low capability to service agriculture ,rural areas and peasantry .Rural vocational education need to establish the sense of high vo-cational education ,put thought of the development of the rural vocational education into the background of the integration of urban and rural areas ,by clearing the educational mission to service for agriculture , rural areas and peasantry ,improving the educational capability to service for agriculture ,rural areas and peasantry ,completing the service for content system of agriculture , rural areas and peasantry , to promote its health and sustainable development .

  11. Learning and Innovation in Agriculture and Rural Development: The Use of the Concepts of Boundary Work and Boundary Objects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tisenkopfs, T.; Kunda, I.; Sumane, S.; Brunori, G.; Klerkx, L.W.A.; Moschitz, H.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The paper explores the role of boundary work and boundary objects in enhancing learning and innovation processes in hybrid multi-actor networks for sustainable agriculture (LINSA). Design/Methodology/Approach: Boundary work in LINSA is analysed on the basis of six case studies carried out i

  12. Object-Oriented Agricultural System Modeling: Component-Driven Nutrient Dynamics and Crop Yield Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Challenges in agro-ecosystem conservation management have created demand for state-of-the-art, integrated, and flexible modeling tools. For example, agricultural system modeling tools are needed which are robust and fast enough to be applied on large watershed scales, but which are also able to sim...

  13. 区域性农业中职院校内涵式发展路径选择——以宁夏农业学校为例%The Choice of Approaches to the Connotative Development of Regional Agricultural Vocational Schools: A Case Study of Ningxia Agricultural Vocation School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁金英

    2011-01-01

    内涵式发展是区域性农业中职院校做大做强的必由之路,必须从科学确定办学定位、切实稳定办学规模、不断提高办学质量和加强师资队伍建设等方面入手,在为地方新农村建设和现代农业发展培养好大量实用型、技能型人才的同时,同步实现院校自身的改革发展。%The connotative development is an approach indispensable to building effective schools of agricultural vocation.The connotative development must involve the reform of the school operation in its efforts to train the practical,skillful talents for local rural construction through the proper positioning of school as an institute of vocational education,the stabilization of school size,the improvement of education quality and the upgrading of professional qualification and teaching performance of staff.

  14. Agricultural Vocational Education Development Research under the Background of Modern Agriculture--Take Hu'nan Province as an example%现代农业背景下的农业职业教育发展研究--以湖南省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦

    2014-01-01

    This paper through the development of modern agriculture situation in Hunan Province, looking for development opportunities under the background of modern agricultural development of vocational education, professional development of Hunan agricultural proposed tasks and requirements.%文章通过对湖南省现代农业发展形势分析,寻找现代农业发展背景下职业教育的发展机遇,提出了湖南农业职业发展的任务和要求。

  15. Single-objective vs. multi-objective autocalibration in modelling total suspended solids and phosphorus in a small agricultural watershed with SWAT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasolomanana, Santatriniaina Denise; Lessard, Paul; Vanrolleghem, Peter A

    2012-01-01

    To obtain greater precision in modelling small agricultural watersheds, a shorter simulation time step is beneficial. A daily time step better represents the dynamics of pollutants in the river and provides more realistic simulation results. However, with a daily evaluation performance, good fits are rarely obtained. With the Shuffled Complex Evolution (SCE) method embedded in the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), two calibration approaches are available, single-objective or multi-objective optimization. The goal of the present study is to evaluate which approach can improve the daily performance with SWAT, in modelling flow (Q), total suspended solids (TSS) and total phosphorus (TP). The influence of weights assigned to the different variables included in the objective function has also been tested. The results showed that: (i) the model performance depends not only on the choice of calibration approach, but essentially on the influential parameters; (ii) the multi-objective calibration estimating at once all parameters related to all measured variables is the best approach to model Q, TSS and TP; (iii) changing weights does not improve model performance; and (iv) with a single-objective optimization, an excellent water quality modelling performance may hide a loss of performance of predicting flows and unbalanced internal model components.

  16. A systematic comparison of different object-based classification techniques using high spatial resolution imagery in agricultural environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Manchun; Ma, Lei; Blaschke, Thomas; Cheng, Liang; Tiede, Dirk

    2016-07-01

    Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA) is becoming more prevalent in remote sensing classification, especially for high-resolution imagery. Many supervised classification approaches are applied to objects rather than pixels, and several studies have been conducted to evaluate the performance of such supervised classification techniques in GEOBIA. However, these studies did not systematically investigate all relevant factors affecting the classification (segmentation scale, training set size, feature selection and mixed objects). In this study, statistical methods and visual inspection were used to compare these factors systematically in two agricultural case studies in China. The results indicate that Random Forest (RF) and Support Vector Machines (SVM) are highly suitable for GEOBIA classifications in agricultural areas and confirm the expected general tendency, namely that the overall accuracies decline with increasing segmentation scale. All other investigated methods except for RF and SVM are more prone to obtain a lower accuracy due to the broken objects at fine scales. In contrast to some previous studies, the RF classifiers yielded the best results and the k-nearest neighbor classifier were the worst results, in most cases. Likewise, the RF and Decision Tree classifiers are the most robust with or without feature selection. The results of training sample analyses indicated that the RF and adaboost. M1 possess a superior generalization capability, except when dealing with small training sample sizes. Furthermore, the classification accuracies were directly related to the homogeneity/heterogeneity of the segmented objects for all classifiers. Finally, it was suggested that RF should be considered in most cases for agricultural mapping.

  17. 江苏农业高等职业教育生源危机与对策探究%Study on the Crisis and Countermeasures of Agricultural Vocational Education Student’s Source in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智水; 顾卫兵

    2013-01-01

    In Jiangsu province, the decreasing number of high school education enrollment and the students in school, as well as the implementation of vocational colleges enrollment system, brings about the crisis that the number and quality of students of agricultural higher vocational education is declining, which has become a hot is-sues with social common concern. Based on the analysis of performance of student source crisis, and the positive and negative factors the crisis brings to Agricultural Higher Vocational Education, the article rationally put forward specific, practical and operational countermeasures.%江苏高中阶段教育招生人数和在校生人数的逐年减少,以及江苏在高职院校中开始实施的注册入学制度,对弱质性的农业高等职业教育的发展造成的生源数量减少和生源质量下降的危机,已成为全社会共同关注的热点问题。通过对生源危机的表现、生源危机对江苏农业高等职业教育带来的正反两方面影响因素的分析,理性地提出了具体、实用、具有可操作性的对策建议。

  18. Discussion on Training of the Agricultural Product Broker in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校培养新型农产品经纪人探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐明

    2015-01-01

    高职院校在服务社会领域可以发挥师资队伍、专业课程、实训平台、校企合作等资源优势,为“互联网+”时代的新型农产品经纪人提供电子商务、连锁经营及物流配送、法律政策、外语等实用技能培训,提供农产品交易线上线下营销策划推广及展会服务。同时,高职院校在发挥服务社会功能过程中,教学科研方向与产业实践紧密结合,在产业实践的引领推动下,人才培养整体水准得以提升。%Higher vocational colleges can make full use of their advantages in faculties,specialized courses, training platform and the cooperation between colleges and the enterprises. Furthermore,they provide practi⁃cal skills training for new agricultural product brokers in the Internet+era on some aspects,such as e-com⁃merce,chain operations and logistics distribution,laws and policies,foreign languages;they offer exhibition services as well as marketing planning and promotion of online and offline commodities trading. At the same time,in the course of social service,the subjects of teaching and scientific research should be com⁃bined with industry practice,which may promote the overall level of talent training.

  19. Optimal Use of Agricultural Water and Land Resources through Reconfiguring Crop Planting Structure under Socioeconomic and Ecological Objectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian Tan

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Many economic, social and ecological problems can be attributed to the scarcity and mismanagement of water and land resources. In this study, a multi-objective fuzzy–robust programming (MOFRP method was developed for supporting the optimal use of land and water resources in agriculture. MOFRP improved existing methods through taking ecological services of crop cultivation into account. It was also capable of reflecting fuzziness in preferences, priorities and parameters that were largely neglected in previous agricultural decision making. This method was applied to address a case in arid northwestern China. Optimal plans of crop cultivation reconfiguration were generated for sustaining local development under economic, ecological and social objectives as well as physical restraints in water and land resources. Compared to the status quo, the optimized plan would increase economic and ecological benefits by 12.2% and 18.8%, respectively. The efficiency of irrigation water could also be enhanced with the economic and ecological benefits per unit water being raised and the water consumption per unit land being reduced. The comparisons of the MOFRP model to four alternatives validated that it was capable of achieving satisfactory benefits and reducing system-violation risks without neglecting valuable uncertain information and ecological services of crops. The proposed method was also applicable to other multi-objective management problems under uncertainty without loss of generality.

  20. 提高农业中专学校养蚕学实践教学的对策%Strategies of Improving the Practice Teaching of "Sericultural Science" in Secondary Agricultural Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦茁萍

    2012-01-01

    To cultivate high-quality entrepreneurial sericulture professional and technical personnel,is the important content in the teaching of agricultural occupational college.Through the analysis of the existing problems in practice teaching of "Sericultural Science" in agricultural secondary school,this paper explores the countermeasures of improving the practice teaching of "Sericultural Science" in secondary agricultural vocational school.%为社会培养高素质的创业型蚕桑专业技术人才,是农业职业院校教学的重要内容。通过分析农业中专学校养蚕学实践教学存在问题,探讨提高农业中专学校养蚕学实践教学的对策。

  1. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization, industrialization, informationization and ecological development. In this process, it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method, this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then, it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective ...

  2. 基于协调发展的中高职培养目标衔接的探析%Explore and Analyze the Joint of Training Objective based on Harmonious Development of Secondary and Higher Vocational : Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盖馥

    2011-01-01

    It needs to do the harmonious development well of secondary and higher vocational colleges by establishing Chinese characteristic modern vocational education system.The main problem of their harmonious development is the joint of training objective of secondary and higher vocational colleges.However,the presents situation of training objective urgently needs to begin from the angle of system,and needs reorintation.Therefore,it should change idea, reintegrate the value orintation or training objective ,find out the correct connecting point,analyze it from professional ability,and confirm the dipartite degree of the ability training.On based of it,it makes integrated design for training objective of vocational education,and determine the training objective of secondary and higher vocational colleges by segments.%建立具有中国特色的现代职业教育体系要做好中高职协调发展。中高职协调发展的首要问题就是要做好中高职培养目标的衔接,而当前的中高职培养目标的现状迫切需要从系统的角度出发,对其重新定位。因此,要转变理念,重新整合中高等职业教育培养目标的价值取向,找准对接口;从职业能力分析入手,确定能力培养区分度;在此基础上,对职业教育培养目标进行一体化设计,分段确定中职和高职的培养目标。

  3. Innovative Programs in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Developmental programs resulting from the increased emphasis on off-farm agricultural occupations and considered innovative by state wupervisors of agricultural education are described: (1) 17 high school vocational agriculture programs in horticulture, agricultural mechanics, forestry and conservation, agriculture and distribution, cooperative…

  4. "互联网+"背景下农业职业教育教学改革研究%Study on the Agricultural Vocational Education Teaching Reform under the Background of "The Internet Plus"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国胜; 沈杨

    2015-01-01

    农业从业人员的需求以及现代农业生产模式的变化,给传统农业的转型带来了挑战和机遇. 现有的农业职业教育模式不适应"互联网+"时代农业产业转型的要求,教学方法无法适应学生发展的需求,教学平台建设难以支撑教学改革的需求. 基于目前农业职业教育的现状,从转变教学观念与推进自主学习,优化专业结构与更新教学内容,创新教学模式与改进教学方法,加强实践体验与创新创业能力培养,改造提升实训基地与建设虚拟仿真实训平台等几个方面提出"互联网+"背景下农业职业教育教学改革的基本路径,全面提升人才培养质量.%The demand of agricultural professionals and the change of modern agricultural production pattern have brought challenges and opportunities to the transformation of traditional agriculture. The existing model of agricultural vocational education is not suited to the requirements of transition of agricultural industry, neither is the existing method of teaching suited to the need of students' development, and the existing construction of teaching platform is difficult to support the need of teaching reform under the background of "The Internet Plus". Based on the current status of agricultural vocational education, we discussed from the aspects of chan-ging teaching ideas and promoting independent learning, optimizing the structure of specialty and updating course content, innovating teaching mode and improving teaching methods, strengthening practical experience and inno-vating the ability of innovation and entrepreneurship, transforming and upgrading practical training base and con-structing virtual simulation training platform, and put forward the basic path of implementing agricultural voca-tional education teaching reform under the background of "The Internet Plus", which will contribute to cultiva-ting more high-level new professional farmers complied with the "The Internet Plus

  5. Assuring the Quality of Agricultural Learning Repositories: Issues for the Learning Object Metadata Creation Process of the CGIAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zschocke, Thomas; Beniest, Jan

    The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Re- search (CGIAR) has established a digital repository to share its teaching and learning resources along with descriptive educational information based on the IEEE Learning Object Metadata (LOM) standard. As a critical component of any digital repository, quality metadata are critical not only to enable users to find more easily the resources they require, but also for the operation and interoperability of the repository itself. Studies show that repositories have difficulties in obtaining good quality metadata from their contributors, especially when this process involves many different stakeholders as is the case with the CGIAR as an international organization. To address this issue the CGIAR began investigating the Open ECBCheck as well as the ISO/IEC 19796-1 standard to establish quality protocols for its training. The paper highlights the implications and challenges posed by strengthening the metadata creation workflow for disseminating learning objects of the CGIAR.

  6. Reformation of talent cultivating mode of automobile specialty in agricultural vocational college%农业职业院校汽车专业人才培养模式改革探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔勇

    2014-01-01

    农业职业院校是培养农业人才的摇篮,培养的汽车专业人才应能满足新形势下农业产业和农村市场的需求。目前农业职业院校汽车人才的培养模式存在着定位不明确,缺少农业特色等问题。为适应新形势下的农业产业,农业职业院校应对现有的教学模式进行改革,培养适应农业发展的汽车专业人才。%Agricultural vocational college is the cradle to cultivate agricultural talent. The automobile professional learning here should meet the demand of agricultural industry and rural market existing in the new circumstances. Nowadays the unclear orientation and shortage of agricultural characteristics should be improved in the cultivating mode of automobile talent in the college. In order to ift the agricultural industry in the new circumstances, the college should reform the existing teaching mode so as to provide the society with the automobile professional adapting to the agricultural development.

  7. 高等农业职业教育发展的问题与对策——基于江苏的思考%Higher Agricultural Vocational Education Development: Problem- solution Discussion Based on Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱其志; 臧大存; 董海燕; 张小华

    2012-01-01

    More high quality and skilled agricultural talents are needed for the modernization of agriculture, whose cultivation depends on the healthy and sustainable development of higher agricultural vocational education. Based on the analysis on the current situation of Jiangsu higher agricultural vocational education, this study offered the measures and paths for its improvement: placing more emphasis and input to HAVE and producing stronger education attraction for the public, vitalizing the college operation through optimizing the specialty setup and improving practical training and publicly releasing the achievement of comprehensive reform demonstration zone construction of HAVE.%农业现代化需要更多的高素质技能型农业专门人才,这离不开高等农业职业教育的健康、持续发展。基于江苏高等农业职业教育发展现状,加强高等农业职业教育发展的途径和举措在于:加大投入,重视高等农业职业教育,进一步增强办学吸引力;优化专业结构,改善实习实训条件,进一步增强办学活力;加强宣传,开展高等农业职业教育综合改革示范区建设,进一步提高办学水平。

  8. Thinkings on Hunan Agricultural Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设视角下的湖南农业高职教育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚琼湘; 单武雄; 朱巽

    2013-01-01

    The construction of beautiful countryside is an important part of "Four-modernization and Two-oriented"strategy in Hunan. As the major force of cultivating builders of beautiful countryside, Hunan agricultural higher vocational education should initiatively adapt the construction of beautiful countryside, make a clear orientation, reform the talents cultivation model, deepen the major reformation and curriculum system reformation, proactively concern students' career development and foster beautiful countryside builders with high qualities, so as to increase the attraction of Hunan agricultural higher vocational education.%美丽乡村建设是湖南“四化两型”战略的重要内容,作为培养美丽乡村建设者的主要力量,湖南农业高职教育应主动适应美丽乡村建设,明确湖南农业高职教育定位;改革人才培养模式,深化专业改革和课程体系改革;主动关注学生的职业发展,培养高素质的美丽乡村建设接班人,增强湖南农业高职教育的吸引力。

  9. On Cultural Strategies for Serving"Three Rural Issues"in Agricultural Vocational College%试论农业高职学院为“三农”服务的文化策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴学军

    2011-01-01

    According to the trio-dimension conception of culture in the cultural anthropological research,the social service function of agricultural vocational college,a relatively independent cultural system,is characterized by hierarchy and graduality.From the dimensions of material,institution and spirit,the paper discussed the social service function of agricultural vocational college and proposed three cultural strategies for serving "Three Rural Issues",namely,acculturation-mergence strategy,integration-promotion strategy and innovation-leading strategy.%根据文化人类学对文化的三分传统,农业高职学院作为一个相对独立的文化体系,其社会服务职能具有层次性和渐进性。从"物质"、"制度"和"精神"三维度对农业高职学院服务职能进行探讨,可以总结出农业高职学院为"三农"服务的三大文化策略,即"适应-融入"策略、"整合-提升"策略和"创新-引领"策略。

  10. Relationship of Perceived Sex Bias and the Decision of Women to Teach Production Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ries, Ann E.; McCracken, J. David

    A study sought to determine whether the perception of sex bias influences a woman's decision to teach vocational agriculture. Separate questionnaires were administered to female secondary vocational agriculture students, female university students enrolled in agricultural education, and female vocational agriculture teachers. Each of the…

  11. Urban Agriculture Program Planning Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemp, Paul E.; Ethridge, Jim

    Urban agriculture may be defined as those areas of agriculture that are practiced in metropolitan settings, plus knowledge and skills in agricultural subject areas which lead to vocational proficiency and improved quality of life or effective citizenship. Agriculture areas that are especially significant in urban settings include ornamental…

  12. The Effects of Vocational Training on Labor Force Experience. An Analysis of the Tennessee Area Vocational Technical School System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    To analyze the differential benefits from vocational training, a study was made involving 1,701 former students selected at random from 19 area vocational-technical schools in Tennessee. Major objectives of the study were to determine: (1) economic justification of vocational training, (2) wage differences among the vocationally trained and…

  13. Learning Objectives of Students and Its Influencing factors in Secondary Vocational Schools%中职生成才目标及其影响因素调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查吉德

    2014-01-01

    调查表明,中职生成才目标呈多样性特点,多数学生将为升学做准备、管理人才、营销人才、技术型人才作为首选成才目标,少量学生将技能型人才、工程型人才、研发人才作为首选成才目标,另有14.41%的学生不清楚自己的成才目标。中职生的成才目标受多种因素影响,学校发展水平、学校类型、专业类别、学习年限、性别、生源地、学习基础、家庭经济环境、入学原因等因素对学生成才目标的选择均有显著影响。建议增加职业教育的多样性,满足学生多样化成才需求;考虑多因素影响,构建职业教育人才培养目标体系;加快构建现代职业教育体系,满足学生升学要求;加强职业指导,帮助学生明确成才目标。%Investigation shows that,the learning objectives of secondary vocational students are diverse.Most students will prepare to enter higher school,be management personnel,marketing personnel and technical personnel,and a small num-ber of students will prepare to be skilled personnel,engineering personnel and R & D personnel.Besides,another 14.41% students do not know their learning objectives.Multiple factors affect students to choose their learning objectives including level of school development,school type,subject,learning time,gender,living place,academic performance,fami-ly economic environment and learning motivation.So the paper suggests to increase the diversity of vocational education to meet the needs of students’diverse learning objectives,consider multiple factors to build the system of vocational edu-cation training objectives,accelerate the construction of modern vocational education system to meet the students’needs to enter higher schools,and strengthen vocational guidance to help students to clear their learning objectives.

  14. Improving the Quality Control and Evaluation Mechanism to Boost Quality of 'reaching of Agricultural Vocational College%建全质量监控评价机制提高农职院校育人质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李克俭; 司文会

    2012-01-01

    The training of a large number of employment-oriented high-quality and higil-skilled entrepreneurial talents in agricultural production front-fine is the fundamental task of the agricultural vocational colleges. Significance of comprehensively promote the implementation of the teaching quality monitoring and evaluation mechanism was analyzed. It was pointed out this mechanism should be constructed and improved. Corresponding measures were put forward, such as strengthening the construction of manager teams and creating harmony circumstance, etc. This will supply reference for further strengthening the construction of quality management system of modern agricultural vocational education.%以就业为导向,培养大批高素质、高技能创业型农业生产一线人才,是农业高职院校的根本任务。文章分析了全面推进和实施教学质量监控与评价机制的意义,指出了要建立健全高职院校教学质量监控与评价机制,并提出了相应的有效措施,如加强质量监控与评价管理者队伍建设、营造监控评价的和谐氛围等,以期为进一步加强现代农业高等职业教育质量管理体系建设提供参考。

  15. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for Poverty ... with a population of 140 million people is battling with food insecurity, poverty and youth ... in education curricula, agricultural education and the rural poor was discussed.

  16. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  17. OBJECT BASED AGRICULTURAL LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION MAP OF SHADOWED AREAS FROM AERIAL IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. T. Alberto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Aerial image and LiDAR data offers a great possibility for agricultural land cover mapping. Unfortunately, these images leads to shadowy pixels. Management of shadowed areas for classification without image enhancement were investigated. Image segmentation approach using three different segmentation scales were used and tested to segment the image for ground features since only the ground features are affected by shadow caused by tall features. The RGB band and intensity were the layers used for the segmentation having an equal weights. A segmentation scale of 25 was found to be the optimal scale that will best fit for the shadowed and non-shadowed area classification. The SVM using Radial Basis Function kernel was then applied to extract classes based on properties extracted from the Lidar data and orthophoto. Training points for different classes including shadowed areas were selected homogeneously from the orthophoto. Separate training points for shadowed areas were made to create additional classes to reduced misclassification. Texture classification and object-oriented classifiers have been examined to reduced heterogeneity problem. The accuracy of the land cover classification using 25 scale segmentation after accounting for the shadow detection and classification was significantly higher compared to higher scale of segmentation.

  18. A Scalable Context-Aware Objective Function (SCAOF) of Routing Protocol for Agricultural Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPAL).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yibo; Chanet, Jean-Pierre; Hou, Kun-Mean; Shi, Hongling; de Sousa, Gil

    2015-08-10

    In recent years, IoT (Internet of Things) technologies have seen great advances, particularly, the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL), which provides a powerful and flexible routing framework that can be applied in a variety of application scenarios. In this context, as an important role of IoT, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can utilize RPL to design efficient routing protocols for a specific application to increase the ubiquity of networks with resource-constrained WSN nodes that are low-cost and easy to deploy. In this article, our work starts with the description of Agricultural Low-power and Lossy Networks (A-LLNs) complying with the LLN framework, and to clarify the requirements of this application-oriented routing solution. After a brief review of existing optimization techniques for RPL, our contribution is dedicated to a Scalable Context-Aware Objective Function (SCAOF) that can adapt RPL to the environmental monitoring of A-LLNs, through combining energy-aware, reliability-aware, robustness-aware and resource-aware contexts according to the composite routing metrics approach. The correct behavior of this enhanced RPL version (RPAL) was verified by performance evaluations on both simulation and field tests. The obtained experimental results confirm that SCAOF can deliver the desired advantages on network lifetime extension, and high reliability and efficiency in different simulation scenarios and hardware testbeds.

  19. A Scalable Context-Aware Objective Function (SCAOF of Routing Protocol for Agricultural Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yibo Chen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, IoT (Internet of Things technologies have seen great advances, particularly, the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL, which provides a powerful and flexible routing framework that can be applied in a variety of application scenarios. In this context, as an important role of IoT, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs can utilize RPL to design efficient routing protocols for a specific application to increase the ubiquity of networks with resource-constrained WSN nodes that are low-cost and easy to deploy. In this article, our work starts with the description of Agricultural Low-power and Lossy Networks (A-LLNs complying with the LLN framework, and to clarify the requirements of this application-oriented routing solution. After a brief review of existing optimization techniques for RPL, our contribution is dedicated to a Scalable Context-Aware Objective Function (SCAOF that can adapt RPL to the environmental monitoring of A-LLNs, through combining energy-aware, reliability-aware, robustness-aware and resource-aware contexts according to the composite routing metrics approach. The correct behavior of this enhanced RPL version (RPAL was verified by performance evaluations on both simulation and field tests. The obtained experimental results confirm that SCAOF can deliver the desired advantages on network lifetime extension, and high reliability and efficiency in different simulation scenarios and hardware testbeds.

  20. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning; WANG; Fang; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization,industrialization,informationization and ecological development. In this process,it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method,this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then,it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective of rural vocational education,arrangement of specialized disciplines,key development tasks,and establishment of diversified investment system.

  1. 农业高职院校校企合作人才培养模式的实践研究%Practical Research on University-enterprise Cooperation Personnel Training Mode of Agricultural Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永梅; 马兰

    2013-01-01

    University-enterprise cooperation and work-integrated learning mode was an effective way to cultivate high-quality skilled talents ,through long-term and effective cooperation ,the high quality education resources of vocational colleges and material resources of enterprises could be make a full use ,and achieved multiple purpo-ses and mutual benefits .The significance ,targets and implementing methods of university-enterprise coopera-tion and work-integrated learning personnel training mode were discussed for agricultural vocational colleges , and the final results were reviewed briefly .%校企合作工学结合是培养高素质技能型人才的一条有效途径,通过学校和企业长期有效的合作,可以使高职院校的优质教育资源与企业的物质资源得到充分利用,在社会上形成一举多得、互利共赢的局面。该文探讨了农业高职院校校企合作、工学结合人才培养模式的意义、目标及实施办法,并对最终效果进行了简要阐述。

  2. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  3. Agricultural Education Curricula in the Middle School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rexrode, Carl L.

    1980-01-01

    Defining the terms middle school and curriculum, the author then gives suggestions for planning the agricultural education curriculum for middle schools. Important responsibilities of the vocational agriculture teacher are discussed. (SK)

  4. 服务三农背景下农村职业学校发展存在的问题及策略初探——来自X职业学校的案例研究%Problems and Strategies of Vocational Education in Rural Area under the Background of Service for "Rural area,Agriculture and Farmer"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建梁; 魏体丽

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education in rural area is the focus of vocational education development of China, but the main body of the vocational education vocational school still confront with many difficulties which confined it' s service for "rural area ,agriculture and farmer" . This paper will find out the problems of vocational school in ru- ral area through ?empirical research in a vocational school named X of rural area. The problems are : the fund are too low ,and it' s improper for use ; the recruit became difficult gradually; the subjects setting is not scientific; the teachers are not excellent enough; graduates' employment has not a high quality. To solve these problems , the researcher gave some suggestions as follows: the responsibility of the government should be enforced to transfer the fund from province government to the vocational school; subjects setting should be scientific and proper ; vocation- al education should be more attractive to solve the problem of recruitment; teacher quality should be increased.%农村职业教育是我国当前职业教育发展的重点,但农村职业教育的主体——农村职业学校还面临着这样那样的困难,严重制约着服务三农作用的发挥。通过对X职业学校的实地调研,探索农村职业学校存在的问题,并针对这些问题提出促进农村职业学校发展的相应策略。

  5. Developing Modern Vocational Education and Cultivating New Professional Farmers%发展现代职业教育培育新型职业农民

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伟

    2014-01-01

    To foster the development of modern vocational education is not only an objective need for the social and economic development in China, but also a requirement for the national vocational education. The top priorities in developing vocational education are to establish a modern vocational education system and to clarify the relationship of the external and internal influencing factors. The development of modern agricultural vocational education system is one part of the whole vocational education system. Faced with the serious problem of the structural shortage of agricultural labor force, to develop a modern agricultural vocational education, to cultivate a great number of new-type professional farmers, and to construct an education and training system for them are important tasks for agricultural vocational colleges.%加快发展职业教育是我国社会经济发展的客观需要,也是国家对职业教育提出的要求。建立现代职业教育体系,理顺职业教育的内外关系,是当前职业教育发展的首要任务之一。现代农业职业教育体系建设是整个执教体系的一部分。面对农业劳动力的结构性短缺的严峻问题,发展现代农业职业教育、培养大量新型职业农民,构建新型职业农民培育制度体系,是农业职业类院校的一项重要任务。

  6. Route Analysis of Vocational Education Connection under the Background of Agricultural Industry Transformation and Upgrading in Zhejiang%浙江省农业产业转型升级背景下的职业教育对接路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴业东

    2012-01-01

    分析了浙江省农业产业转型升级的模式,以及农业产业与职业教育对接的机理,进而提出对接路径,强调涉农院校应立足于职业教育与产业的对接和融合,在农业产业链提升的过程中进行专业建设、中高职的合理衔接,加快进行体制和机制创新,加快进行产教结合和校企合作,为区域农业产业发展培养复合型、高素质技能型人才.%The transformation and upgrading mode of agricultural industry in Zhejiang Province was analyzed, as well as agricultural industry and vocational education connection mechanism, the connection pathway was put forward. Agricultural colleges should focus on connection between vocational education and industry. During agriculture industry chain upgrading process, specialty construction and vocational education should be reasonably connected, mechanism innovation, collaboration between college and enterprise should be speeded, which will culture compound, high-quality talents for regional agricultural industry development.

  7. Agricultural Productivity and Farm Financing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, F. Vernon

    1975-01-01

    The author, president of the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of New Orleans, in remarks to the first general session of the Agricultural Education Division of the American Vocational Association, paints a bright picture of agricultural productivity, financial challenge, and agricultural commitment in the mid-South. (Author/EA)

  8. Skill Sheets for Agricultural Machinery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    This set of 21 skill sheets for agricultural machinery was developed for use in high school and vocational school agricultural mechanics programs. Each sheet covers a single operational procedure for a piece of agricultural machinery, and includes: (1) a diagram, (2) a step-by-step operational procedure, (3) abilities or understandings taught, (4)…

  9. On Course Objectives for Judicial Police Major in Higher Vocational Education%论司法警察类高等职业教育课程目标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐为霞; 孙延庆

    2011-01-01

    Class curriculum of the judicial police in higher vocational education is divided into four modules: general education, legal education, vocational education and professional education. The goal of general education module is to train students to become real person. The goal of legal education is to train students to be law - abiding citizens. The goal of vocational education is to train students to become qualified police. The goal of professional education is to train students to have practical expertise.%司法警察类高等职业教育课程目标分为四个模块,即通识教育模块,目标是将学员培养成真正的人;法律教育模块,目标是将学员培养成守法公民;职业教育模块,目标是将学员培养成合格警察;专业教育模块,目标是将学员培养成实用专才。

  10. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives for Secondary Vocational Education--Based on the Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives%中等职业教育教学目标分类构想--基于布卢姆教学分类法的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金星霖

    2014-01-01

    布卢姆的教学目标分类理论一直在学界受到认可,其结构的合理性不容置疑。但中等职业教育有其自身的特点,有必要提出符合中职校特色的教学目标系统。因此,在吸收布卢姆教学目标分类理论合理内涵的基础上,将中职教学目标按学生发展导向分为三类:学业定向、岗位定向、发展定向。每类大目标下按认知、态度、技能三个因素设置子目标,最终形成中等职业教育教学目标分类体系的构想。%The Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives has been recognized for a long time, it’s rationality is beyond question. But for, secondary vocational education, it has it’s own characteristics, so there should be a special taxonomy of educational objectives for secondary vocational education. Based on the Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, the educational objectives for secondary vocational education should be divided into three directions that are accordant with students’ development, namely:the direction of academic study, vocation and development.

  11. 高职农产品质量检测专业校内实训基地功能探析--以辽宁农业职业技术学院农产品质量检测专业为例%Function Analysis on Practical Training Base for Agricultural Product Quality and Security Detecting Major in Vocational Technical College---Take Agricultural Product Quality and Security Detecting Major in Liaoning Agricultural College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟秋喜

    2013-01-01

    实训基地建设对高职院校培养高素质创新型人才具有重要意义。以辽宁农业职业技术学院农产品质量检测专业为例,根据实训基地各功能与人才培养任务直接相关的程度,对创新教育视野下高职院校校内实训基地功能进行了探讨。%Practical training base construction is of great significance to cultivation of high quality and creative talent for vocation al technical college. This paper takes agricultural product quality and security detecting major in Liaoning Agricultural College as an ex ample,according to the correlation of training base functions and talent cultivation,makes discussion on practical training base function in creative education view for vocational technical college.

  12. Students of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra as Object of the Research Results in Developing Foreign Language Writing Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľubomíra MORAVCOVÁ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Writing in the foreign language is one of the most important language skills students develop and improve at the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra. Strong writing skills are essential to their future success, whether they are related to writing general reports on agricultural issues at home or in the world as well as to working-out some research papers aimed at agriculture, but also at some other areas of the business world. We have to state that writing is perhaps one of the most difficult skills students can develop and improve at our University. They learn how to write effectively, they are encouraged to develop an awareness of themselves as students - writers and essay authors. This paper deals with the essay writing analysis in teaching foreign languages at the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra, particularly from the point of their final results. The research was carried out in the Department of Languages and we present in our paper the results students achieved in writing essays in the two compared years, 2007 and 2010.

  13. A Follow-Up Analysis of Agricultural Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandya, Himanshu; Curtis, Samuel M.

    1978-01-01

    A followup survey of Pennsylvania eighth grade students previously inventoried for agricultural interest indicated that those students who later enrolled in high school vocational agriculture courses had shown higher interest scores on the inventory. Both sets of data are compared, with implications for vocational agriculture counseling. (MF)

  14. The Use of Teacher Aides in Agricultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durkee, James

    1970-01-01

    Approximately 80 percent of the vocational agriculture teachers, high school administrators, teacher educators, and state supervisors of agricultural education indicated a need for teacher aides in vocational agriculture in response to a national survey. Duties of aides are outlined and a preservice education program is recommended. (DM)

  15. 城镇化进程中农业转移人口的职业教育研究%On Vocational Education for Transfer of Agricultural Population in the Process of Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹承龙; 胡善珍; 藕海云

    2014-01-01

    promoting urbanization can achieve the effective transfer of agricultural surplus labor. It not only solves the issues of agriculture,farmer and rural area,but also provides the intrinsic motivation for Chinese eco-nomic growth. Currently,transfer of agricultural population to citizens is slow,and the urbanization level is low. Therefore,the paper proposes some vocational education ways,for example,promoting quality-oriented education for community residents in rural area,introducing the ordering training of enterprise,cultivating regional skilful craftsman,and improving professional skills of high school graduates and junior high school graduates. These ways will continuously enhance transfer of economy and promote social economy.%推进城镇化建设,实现农村剩余劳动力的有效转移,不仅能够解决我国的“三农”问题,而且为我国经济持续增长提供了内在动力。然而,当前农业人口向市民转化进程缓慢,城镇化质量不高。究其原因,农业转移人口缺乏竞争性的职业技能。为此,要通过提升农村社区居民素质教育、企业订单式培训、培养区域能工巧匠、加强“两后生”职业技能培养等多种职业教育途径,提高农业转移人口的综合素质和技能水平,促进新型城镇化的快速发展和社会经济的稳步增长。

  16. 现代职业教育体系下我国高职人才培养目标定位的理性思考与现实选择%Rational Thinking and Realistic Choice of Talents Training Objectives Positioning of Higher Vocational Education in China under the Modern Vocational Education System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳恩剑

    2015-01-01

    我国高职教育人才培养目标定位经历了探索、定型和完善三个时期。现代职业教育体系要求我国高职院校人才培养目标定位为高端技能型人才,主要特征是职业道德高、专业技能高、知识水平较高、迁移能力强、创新能力强、可持续发展能力强,培养途径在于校企一体化的办学理念、现代学徒制的培养模式、教学做一体的教学模式以及教师与师傅分工合作的师资队伍。%The training objectives positioning of higher vocational education in China experienced exploration, stereotypes and improving periods. Modern vocational education system required that the personnel training objectives of higher vocational colleges should be defined as high-skilled personnel, its main features are high ethical, high professional skills, high level of knowledge, strong migration ability, strong innovation ability, and strong sustainable development ability. Its training ways are by the educational philosophy of school-enterprise integration, the training mode of modern apprenticeship, the teaching mode of teaching-learning-doing integration, the teaching staff of division of labor and master.

  17. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  18. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  19. 专业理论与专业技能同步教学方式在农类高职教育中的应用研究%Synchronous Teaching Mode of Professional Theory and Professional Skills in Higher Agricultural vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇飞; 吴万生; 赵凤艳

    2011-01-01

    就专业理论与专业技能同步教学方式在农类高等职业教育中进行的应用实验结果,论述了“理实一体化”“项目式教学方式”和“模块化教学方式”的适用范围与效果,建立了农类高职教育实践教学新模式。%Through synchronous teaching methods of professional theory and professional skills applying on agricultural higher vocational education, the writer discusses scopes of application and effects on project type of teaching methods, modular of teaching methods,integration on theory and practice, and sets up the new practical teaching models on agriculture higher vocational education.

  20. 农科教融合训研创一体--温州科技职业学院创新创业型人才培养的实践探索%Integration of Agriculture, Science and Education, Oneness of Training, Research and Innovation--Practical Exploration of Cultivating Innovative and Entrepreneurial Talents of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朱云

    2015-01-01

    温州科技职业学院通过实施“农科教融合·训研创一体”教学新模式,以体面就业为导向,建成一批集实训教学、研究开发、创新创业为一体的实训基地,通过多学科交叉的体验学习平台,培养学生用创新创业思维与行动解决社会问题的能力,有效提升学生的专业实践能力和创新创业能力。%Higher agricultural and vocational education has taken off with rapid development of senior vocational education in recent years to contribute to talent cultivation, three agricultures and construction of new rural areas. However, some issues such as mismatch of practical teaching and position competences, discordance of scientific research strengths and talent cultivation, weak innovation and entrepreneurial capabilities of students still exist in higher agricultural and vocational education. To cultivate high-quality applied innovative and entrepreneurial talents with good techniques, operation and management skills as well as entrepreneurship in the context of Internet Plus., Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology aspires towards training innovative and entrepreneurial talents by exploration for “Integration of Agriculture, Science and Education, Oneness of Training, Research and Innovation” enterprising education in practice.

  1. Academic, Industry and Student Perspectives on the Inclusion of "Vocational Knowledge" in a "Learning and Teaching Academic Standards Statement" for Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acuña, Tina Botwright; Kelder, Jo-Anne; Able, Amanda J.; Guisard, Yann; Bellotti, William D.; McDonald, Glenn; Doyle, Richard; Wormell, Paul; Meinke, Holger

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the perspective of industry stakeholders in a national project to develop a Learning and Teaching Academic Standards (LTAS) Statement for the Agriculture discipline. The AgLTAS Statement will be aligned with the Science LTAS Statement published in 2011 and comprise a discourse on the nature and extent of the Agriculture…

  2. Vocational Training in the Development Process. The Singapore Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, G. F.

    The planning and implementation of vocational training in Singapore (training primarily intended for school-leavers) is highly directed toward serving labor force development objectives. This paper explains the vocational training infrastructure (a national system, the conduct of which is vested in the Vocational and Industrial Training Board),…

  3. 提高农业职业教育质量是实现农业产业化的关键%To Improve the Quality of Agricultural Vocational Education is the Key to the Industrialization of Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜森有

    2012-01-01

    The industrialization of agriculture requires agricultural growth to modern intensive change from the traditional extensive, whose core is the intensive of knowledge and technology. The key is to improve the scientific and cultural quality of the agricultural employees. Only to train a large number of technical and managerial personnel, to boost farmers" scientific and cultural qualities substantially, It can continue to improve agricultural production and operating efficiency in order to promote the benign operation and development of agricultural industrialization. This is the fundamental way to achieve the industrialization of agriculture.%农业产业化要求农业增长方式由传统的粗放型向现代的集约型转变,而农业增长方式由粗放型向集约型转变的核心是知识和技术的集约,关键是提高农业从业人员的科技文化素质。只有培养大量的科技与管理人才,大幅度提高农民的科技文化素质,才能不断提高农业生产和经营效益,才能促进农业产业化的良性经营发展,而大力发展农业职业教育正是提高新型农民与农业从业人员素质、实现农业产业化的根本途径。

  4. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  5. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  6. 涉农高职学生思想政治教育过程矛盾分析研究%Research on Contradiction Analysis of Ideological and Political Education Process of Agricultural Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓林; 杨红梅

    2016-01-01

    The process of ideological and political education in agricultural higher vocational colleges is the development of students'ideological and political morality according to certain social requirements on students'ideological and political morality , influencing students'morality with aim ,plan and organization by educators ,so as to impel students'inner ideological activity to form certain ideological and political morality .%涉农高职学生思想政治教育过程是教育者根据一定社会的思想政治品德要求和学生的思想政治品德形成与发展的规律,对学生施加有目的、有计划、有组织的教育影响,促使学生产生内在的思想矛盾运动,以形成一定社会所期望的思想政治品德的过程。

  7. Teacher Education in Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Dale W.

    1977-01-01

    Urging continued high priority support to preservice and inservice professional development, especially in the area of agricultural education, the author responds to a letter from the Joint Committee on Vocational Education for the State of California indicating the committee's consideration of support reduction for teacher education in vocational…

  8. The necessity and possibility of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction%农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翊覃

    2012-01-01

      新形势下,我国农业现代化的推进和“三农”问题的解决需要大批具有一定理论基础和技术,又具有一定管理生产能力的高素质劳动者,而在大农业背景下的农林高职教育所具有的职能和目标人才培养的特点则符合这一要求,这就使得农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设成为可能,而且非常必要。本文就农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性做一探讨。%  Under the new situation, the promotion of agriculture modernization in our country and the solving of"three farming"problems need high-quality workers with large quantities of certain theoretical foundation and technology, also has management production capacity, and the function of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry under the background of big agriculture and the characteristics of personnel training target is consistent with the requirements, this makes higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction becomes possible and necessary. The paper discusses the possibility and necessity of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction.

  9. Common Core Curriculum for Vocational Education. Category D: Administration and Supervision. D-1: Fiscal Management of a Vocational Education Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, William

    This module on fiscal management of a vocational education program is one of a set of eight on administration and supervision and is part of a larger series of thirty-four modules constituting a core curriculum for use in the professional preparation of vocational educators in the areas of agricultural, business, home economics, and industrial…

  10. Automatic identification of agricultural terraces through object-oriented analysis of very high resolution DSMs and multispectral imagery obtained from an unmanned aerial vehicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz-Varela, R A; Zarco-Tejada, P J; Angileri, V; Loudjani, P

    2014-02-15

    Agricultural terraces are features that provide a number of ecosystem services. As a result, their maintenance is supported by measures established by the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). In the framework of CAP implementation and monitoring, there is a current and future need for the development of robust, repeatable and cost-effective methodologies for the automatic identification and monitoring of these features at farm scale. This is a complex task, particularly when terraces are associated to complex vegetation cover patterns, as happens with permanent crops (e.g. olive trees). In this study we present a novel methodology for automatic and cost-efficient identification of terraces using only imagery from commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) cameras on board unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Using state-of-the-art computer vision techniques, we generated orthoimagery and digital surface models (DSMs) at 11 cm spatial resolution with low user intervention. In a second stage, these data were used to identify terraces using a multi-scale object-oriented classification method. Results show the potential of this method even in highly complex agricultural areas, both regarding DSM reconstruction and image classification. The UAV-derived DSM had a root mean square error (RMSE) lower than 0.5 m when the height of the terraces was assessed against field GPS data. The subsequent automated terrace classification yielded an overall accuracy of 90% based exclusively on spectral and elevation data derived from the UAV imagery.

  11. Evaluation of transition in Dutch senior secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lazonder, A.W.; Jong, F.P.C.M. de

    1999-01-01

    Survey responses from 55 Dutch agricultural vocational schools show that administrators believe that transition, the ability of students to change between training modes or qualification levels easily, has enhanced the flexibility of the qualification system developed under recent national reforms.

  12. On Evolvement of Connotation of Occupational Ability and Setting of Higher Vocational Curriculum Objectives%职业能力内涵的发展与高职课程目标的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向丽

    2011-01-01

    The focus of occupational ability has shifted from special skills under CBE mode to professional competence, methodological ability, social ability and ability of personality under German dual mode. The objectives of higher vocational curricular should reflect the requirement of comprehensive occupational ability. The paper proposes directing the cultivation of methodological and social ability with representative objectives, prescribing the development of professional ability with action objectives, promoting students' ability of personality with generative objectives.%职业能力的内涵经历了从“CBE”模式下强调专项技能,到德国“双元制”模式下着重专业能力、方法能力、社会能力和个性能力的发展过程。我国高职教育的课程目标应反映综合职业能力的要求。可从以下三方面着手开发高职课程目标:以表现性目标方式规范方法能力与社会能力的培养,以行为目标方式明确学生专业能力的发展要求,以生成性目标方式促进学生个性能力的养成。

  13. Information technology and innovative drainage management practices for selenium load reduction from irrigated agriculture to provide stakeholder assurances and meet contaminant mass loading policy objectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quinn, N.W.T.

    2009-10-15

    Many perceive the implementation of environmental regulatory policy, especially concerning non-point source pollution from irrigated agriculture, as being less efficient in the United States than in many other countries. This is partly a result of the stakeholder involvement process but is also a reflection of the inability to make effective use of Environmental Decision Support Systems (EDSS) to facilitate technical information exchange with stakeholders and to provide a forum for innovative ideas for controlling non-point source pollutant loading. This paper describes one of the success stories where a standardized Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodology was modified to better suit regulation of a trace element in agricultural subsurface drainage and information technology was developed to help guide stakeholders, provide assurances to the public and encourage innovation while improving compliance with State water quality objectives. The geographic focus of the paper is the western San Joaquin Valley where, in 1985, evapoconcentration of selenium in agricultural subsurface drainage water, diverted into large ponds within a federal wildlife refuge, caused teratogenecity in waterfowl embryos and in other sensitive wildlife species. The fallout from this environmental disaster was a concerted attempt by State and Federal water agencies to regulate non-point source loads of the trace element selenium. The complexity of selenium hydrogeochemistry, the difficulty and expense of selenium concentration monitoring and political discord between agricultural and environmental interests created challenges to the regulation process. Innovative policy and institutional constructs, supported by environmental monitoring and the web-based data management and dissemination systems, provided essential decision support, created opportunities for adaptive management and ultimately contributed to project success. The paper provides a retrospective on the contentious planning

  14. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  15. Agricultural Production Experiences at School for the Urban Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietz, Allen J.

    1980-01-01

    In vocational agriculture at Sycamore High School in Illinois, urban students start their vocational education with a basic understanding of production, which is the foundation for all agricultural industry. Future Farmers of America chapter-operated and school-owned facilities provide the resources to make these experiential programs possible.…

  16. Agriculture Cooperative Training--"Learning by Doing."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Lewis E., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    A vocational agriculture instructor describes the Agricultural Cooperative Training (ACT) program at Nottoway (Virginia) Senior High School for on-the-job training in agribusiness and agricultural production. Especially important are student and site selection, ACT guidelines, a parent-student-employer-school written agreement, and the student…

  17. [Theme: Economic Literacy Through Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    In a series of articles, the authors indicate that in building a vocational agriculture program, developing students' abilities to deal with the economic impact of agricultural production should receive high priority. Discusses banking, taxes, economic principles, farm business management, and marketing as they relate to agriculture. (JOW)

  18. Theme: The Future for Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pals, Douglas A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss the 1984 report of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, the use of computers, adult education in agriculture, new curricula and approaches, teacher preparation, the National Vocational Agricultural Teachers Association, museum living history programs, postsecondary agricultural education, and…

  19. Agriculture--Agriculture Science--Seed Germination. Kit No. 51. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Samuel

    An instructor's manual and student activity guide on seed germination are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of agriculture. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home economics,…

  20. Agriculture--Agriculture Science--Seed Germination. Kit No. 51. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Samuel

    An instructor's manual and student activity guide on seed germination are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of agriculture. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home economics,…

  1. Agricultural cropland mapping using black-and-white aerial photography, Object-Based Image Analysis and Random Forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogels, M. F. A.; de Jong, S. M.; Sterk, G.; Addink, E. A.

    2017-02-01

    Land-use and land-cover (LULC) conversions have an important impact on land degradation, erosion and water availability. Information on historical land cover (change) is crucial for studying and modelling land- and ecosystem degradation. During the past decades major LULC conversions occurred in Africa, Southeast Asia and South America as a consequence of a growing population and economy. Most distinct is the conversion of natural vegetation into cropland. Historical LULC information can be derived from satellite imagery, but these only date back until approximately 1972. Before the emergence of satellite imagery, landscapes were monitored by black-and-white (B&W) aerial photography. This photography is often visually interpreted, which is a very time-consuming approach. This study presents an innovative, semi-automated method to map cropland acreage from B&W photography. Cropland acreage was mapped on two study sites in Ethiopia and in The Netherlands. For this purpose we used Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA) and a Random Forest classification on a set of variables comprising texture, shape, slope, neighbour and spectral information. Overall mapping accuracies attained are 90% and 96% for the two study areas respectively. This mapping method increases the timeline at which historical cropland expansion can be mapped purely from brightness information in B&W photography up to the 1930s, which is beneficial for regions where historical land-use statistics are mostly absent.

  2. Object-Based Land Use Classification of Agricultural Land by Coupling Multi-Temporal Spectral Characteristics and Phenological Events in Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knoefel, Patrick; Loew, Fabian; Conrad, Christopher

    2015-04-01

    Crop maps based on classification of remotely sensed data are of increased attendance in agricultural management. This induces a more detailed knowledge about the reliability of such spatial information. However, classification of agricultural land use is often limited by high spectral similarities of the studied crop types. More, spatially and temporally varying agro-ecological conditions can introduce confusion in crop mapping. Classification errors in crop maps in turn may have influence on model outputs, like agricultural production monitoring. One major goal of the PhenoS project ("Phenological structuring to determine optimal acquisition dates for Sentinel-2 data for field crop classification"), is the detection of optimal phenological time windows for land cover classification purposes. Since many crop species are spectrally highly similar, accurate classification requires the right selection of satellite images for a certain classification task. In the course of one growing season, phenological phases exist where crops are separable with higher accuracies. For this purpose, coupling of multi-temporal spectral characteristics and phenological events is promising. The focus of this study is set on the separation of spectrally similar cereal crops like winter wheat, barley, and rye of two test sites in Germany called "Harz/Central German Lowland" and "Demmin". However, this study uses object based random forest (RF) classification to investigate the impact of image acquisition frequency and timing on crop classification uncertainty by permuting all possible combinations of available RapidEye time series recorded on the test sites between 2010 and 2014. The permutations were applied to different segmentation parameters. Then, classification uncertainty was assessed and analysed, based on the probabilistic soft-output from the RF algorithm at the per-field basis. From this soft output, entropy was calculated as a spatial measure of classification uncertainty

  3. Nepal: Vocational Educator's Role in Elementary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitt, Thomas R.

    1974-01-01

    The innovative vocational education program of the elementary grades in the developing country of Nepal focuses on "self-help" within the "practical arts" (agriculture, trade and industrial, and home science fields) and emphasizes application of subject matter to students' daily lives, integration of skills into the curriculum, and occupational…

  4. On the Cultivation of Cold Chain Logistics Characteristics of Agricultural Products Logistics Management Professionals in Higher Vocational Education---Taking Hunan Vocational Col ege of Commerce as an Example%高职物流管理专业农产品冷链物流特色人才培养研究--以湖南商务职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢虎军

    2014-01-01

    湖南省是一个农产品生产和消费大省,近年来该省的农产品冷链物流发展非常迅猛。而农产品冷链物流专业人才的匮乏和人才培养的现状远远满足不了市场的需求和企业对专业人才的要求。文章在分析湖南省生鲜农产品生产现状和农产品冷链物流人才培养现状的基础之上,以湖南商务职业技术学院为例提出了对物流管理专业农产品冷链物流特色人才培养模式的研究。%Hunan province is an a gricultural production and consumption of a large province, agricultural products cold chain logistics development in the province is very fast in re-cent years. But the agricultural products cold chain logistics professional talent shortage and talent training present situation far not meet the need of market demand and business profes-sionals. Based on the analysis of present situation of fresh a-gricultural products in Hunan province development status of production and agricultural products cold chain logistics per-sonnel, taking Hunan Vocational College of Commerce as an example the research on the training mode of logistics man-agement specialty agricultural products cold chain logistics tal-ents.

  5. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  6. Vocational Education in Tourism: Conceptual Framework Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Shchuka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the basic concepts that define the essence of the system of vocational education and helps to analyze the problem of tourism staffing support. According to authors’ hypothesis, the personnel problem is related to the imperfection of the tourism conceptual framework. As of all enterprises of travel industry only travel agencies and accommodation facilities work with tourists, the author proves that personnel training for these businesses is the major objective of vocational training in tourism.

  7. Equine Management and Production. Vocational Agriculture Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, James A.

    This basic core of instruction for equine management and production is designed to assist instructors in preparing students for successful employment or management of a one- or two-horse operation. Contents include seven instructional areas totaling seventeen units of instruction: (1) Orientation (basic horse production; handling and grooming;…

  8. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  9. An Evaluation of the Romanian Fruits and Vegetables Producers Access to Different Types of Common Agricultural Policy Instruments. Is there Any Real Consistency with the Policy Objectives?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicu MARCU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Fruits and vegetables sectors are considered to be strategic in the European Union due to their contribution to a better human health. Among others positive effects, their intake increase reduce mortality and obesity, assuring in the same time harmonised development for young children. The present study thus focused to reveal the consistency of the measure implemented in the Common Agricultural Policy to support fruits and vegetables production in Romania in liaison with the policy objectives. The country is one of the main ten important European producers of horticultural products in terms of production volumes and acreage. Results showed that over the last seven years (2007-2014, the sectorial production drawbacks have not been ameliorated very much. Both sectors are dominated by small-size farms that can produce only seasonally and mainly for short-market chains. In the same time, the greenhouses area shrink to levels that made the country extremely dependent to imports especially for tomatoes. The analysis of the pillar one payments schemes revealed that the fruits and vegetables producers could have access to only one payment that was half from European averages. Moreover, almost half of the producers had low sizes that left them outside the eligible criteria. The measures designed for the second pillar also penalized producers through the selection criteria. These results showed that for Romania there was not a real consistency between the actual policy measures and the objectives assumed by policy makers. The future measures (2014-2020 seem to correct these negative findings being better tailored to the situation of the local fruits and vegetables producers.

  10. Object-oriented Analysis, Research on Design and Programming Skills of Vocational Software Technology Professional Students%高职软件技术专业学生的面向对象分析、设计和编程能力培养的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯向科; 邓莹; 彭勇

    2011-01-01

    The study by researching object-oriented software development processes and software engineer job, vocational reconstruction of object-oriented software technology, professional courses, propose targeted capacity-building object-oriented program.%本研究通过调研面向对象的软件开发流程和软件工程师岗位要求,重构高职软件技术专业的面向对象课程,提出针对性的面向对象能力培养方案。

  11. On New Vocational Farmers' Cultivation Strategy%实施新型职业农民培养的战略对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云海

    2015-01-01

    In the critical transitional period of transforming traditional agriculture to modern agriculture, Chi-na needs a large number of new vocational farmers with high quality. The present stage witnessed the problem of disadvantageous quality of the new vocational farmers, which does not accord with the development of modern ag-riculture. Therefore, the state should enhance the improvement of new vocational farmers ' quality to meet the needs of modern agricultural development by making new strategies, resetting the cultivation objectives and con-tents, adopting a series of effective scientific measures and increasing the financial and efforts input.%我国农业处于传统农业向现代农业变革的重要时期,而现代农业需要大量高素质的新型职业农民. 现阶段我国新型职业农民素质偏低,与现代农业发展不相适应. 为此,国家应该从战略角度,通过制定培养目标、内容,采用一系列科学有效措施,加大资金和精力投入力度,切实提高新型职业农民职业素养,满足现代农业发展需要.

  12. Multiple Learning Strategies Project. Dietetic Assistant. [Regular Vocational. Vol. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noffze, Elaine; And Others

    This instructional package is one of two designed for regular vocational students on the vocational area of dietetic assistant. The eighty-nine learning modules are organized into three units: nutrition; menu planning and food ordering; and housekeeping and safety. Each module includes these elements: a performance objective page telling what will…

  13. Multiple Learning Strategies Project. Medical Assistant. [Regular Vocational. Vol. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varney, Beverly; And Others

    This instructional package, one of four designed for regular vocational students, focuses on the vocational area of medical assistant. Contained in this document are twenty-six learning modules organized into three units: language; receptioning; and asepsis. Each module includes these elements: a performance objective page telling what will be…

  14. An Analysis of Differential Benefits from Vocational Training. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    The objectives of this study were to find out how the characteristics of students and their training affect the rate of return to investment in vocational training, how they affect the earnings of trainees, and how vocational training influences the distribution of income among educational groups. The data were collected in a previous study and…

  15. Vocational Training in the Textiles and Clothing Industries in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimousis, I.; Zisimopoulos, A.

    This document examines the circumstances under which vocational training in Greece is provided for jobs in the textile and clothing industries. Its objective is to identify guidelines for vocational training for a skilled work force at regional and national levels and to contribute to job mobility between industries. Statistical data,…

  16. The Influence of Science Applications in Agriculture Courses on Attitudes of Illinois Guidance Counselors at Model Student-Teaching Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, James E.; Osborne, Edward W.

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 16 guidance counselors in schools serving as agricultural education student teaching sites showed they had positive attitudes about agriculture and agricultural sciences but believed agricultural education was too vocational. Those in schools with applied sciences in agriculture gave high ratings to the quality of agriculture programs.…

  17. 构建中-高-本零距离衔接的铜仁大职教思考%Thoughts on Buildingthe Zero Distance Connection of VocationalSchools, Vocational College and Universitiesin TongrenVocationalEducation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓川

    2015-01-01

    Tongren is a typical agricultural area in Guizhou Province. The government pays high attention to vocational education, so the reis aqualified university, two vocational colleges (including one national key vocational colleges), and fourteen vocational schools in Tongren, which has trained large number of talents for local economic development. This paper discussed how to integrate Tongren vocational education resources, and how the university was the guide for vocational colleges and vocational schools. Therefore, it put forward in the building the zero distance connection of vocational schools, vocational colleges and universities in Tongren vocational education.%要提升职教办学水平,就必须整合铜仁职业教育资源,发挥好本科对高职高专及中职的带动作用,构建中-高-本零距离衔接的大职教体系,其对策主要有:以本科院校为龙头,形成中-高-本贯通的职业技术教育集团学校;激活行业企业的参与度,把集团化办学从学校联盟向校企联合体转型,健全职业教育整体发展的体系,促进职业教育良性发展。

  18. 高职涉农专业学生“三转变”教育模式的实践与思考%The Practice and Thought of "Three-change" Educational Form for Higher Vocational Students in Agriculture Related Major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彤

    2012-01-01

    "Three-change" education is designed ideological and political education mode for higher vocational students in agriculture related major."Three-change" means that in grade one senior high students change higher vocational students,in grade two the emphasis of theory basis change the improvement of practical ability,and in grade three Dinggang internship change active employment.It is qualified with pertinence,actual effect and professionalism,which is the effective approach for students' ideological and political education work.%"三转变"教育是针对高职涉农专业学生而设计的思想政治教育模式。"三转变"即一年级由高中生向高职生转变,二年级由夯实理论基础向提高实践能力转变,三年级由顶岗实习向主动就业转变。它具有针对性、实效性和专业性等特点,是学生思想政治教育工作的有效途径。

  19. Agricultural Chemicals and Radiation. Ag Ed Environmental Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulloch, Rodney W.

    The document is designed to be used as a resource in teaching vocational agriculture high school students about the environment. Agricultural chemicals are the major focus, with some attention to radiation. The importance of safety in agricultural chemical use is stressed, with descriptions of the pesticide label; protective clothing; respiratory…

  20. Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Adult Agricultural Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christmas, Oren L.; Warmbrod, J. Robert

    A study examined the institutional factors the influence whether or not adult agricultural education programs are offered in high schools. All Ohio secondary schools that offered vocational agriculture programs in agricultural production or farm business management during 1985-1986 (a total of 260 schools) were included in the study. Data were…

  1. DEVELOPING CURRICULUM MATERIALS FOR COOPERATIVE EXPERIENCE PROGRAMS IN AGRICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS INSTITUTE 1966 WORKSHOP REPORT (JUNE 6-JULY 15, 1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater. Research Foundation.

    THIRTY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS FROM 11 STATES DEVELOPED THESE CURRICULUM MATERIALS FOR A 2-YEAR HIGH SCHOOL COOPERATIVE EXPERIENCE PROGRAM FOR OCCUPATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL SALES AND SERVICE, AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY, AND HORTICULTURE. A RATIONALE FOR CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, AN EXPLANATION OF THE CURRICULUM, AND AN EXPLANATION OF THE…

  2. Vocational Guidance for Everyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Describes some of the current problems of vocational guidance, summarizes relevant knowledge and theory in the field, and offers some practical plans for a coordinated, theoretically compatible group of vocational programs, services, and experiences for a high school. (Author/JM)

  3. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  4. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  5. On Institutionalizing and Reconstructing the Objective of the Legalization of Agricultural Science and Technology%论农业科技法制目标的重构及其制度化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亮国

    2014-01-01

    In China,the objective of the legalization of agricultural science and technology is to increase cereal production greatly. It brought some adverse effects. Some agricultural sciences and technologies that are negative to environment were used and the methods of traditional agricultural production were lost. The quality and safety of agricultural products are very low and the environment and resources of agriculture were damaged. Based on the idea of sustainable development, the objective of the legalization of agricultural science and technology should be shifted to the model of"ecology and production coordinated".%我国农业科技立法及政策性文件表明当下我国农业科技法制的目标为“产量确保型”。其对产量的过分强调招致环境负面型农业科技的普遍适用及传统生态型农业生产方式的灭失,以至于农产品尤其是食用农产品质量安全隐患严重,农业环境资源破坏严重等问题。本文基于可持续发展理念下农业的多功能性,提出我国农业科技法制的目标应转向“生态产量协调型”,并在技术控制主义理念指导下使该目标获得制度化。

  6. Current and desired competency levels of secondary agricultural teachers in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbert, Chanda Dehron

    The purpose of this study was to identify the competencies needed by secondary agricultural teachers in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Specifically, this study identified competencies needed to help make teachers more effective while working with special needs students. The objectives of the study were to: (1) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with handicapped students enrolled in agricultural and vocational education programs; (2) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with economically disadvantaged students enrolled in agricultural and vocational education programs; (3) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with academically challenged students enrolled in agricultural and vocational programs; and (4) evaluate the self-perceived competency levels of secondary agricultural education teachers and their desired competency levels. A 50% simple random sample of secondary agricultural teachers from the Directory for Agricultural Education in Pennsylvania, 1999--2000 was used. The design for the study was a descriptive study. The data collection instrument used was divided into five different areas: personal characteristics, professional role and development, instructional role, knowledge statements, and student leadership and organization. Subjects were asked to rate their present and desired levels of competency in the categories using a Likert-type scale. The competency scale was as follows: 1 = not competent; 2 = slightly competent, 3 = competent; 4 = very competent; 5 = extremely competent. There were 153 questionnaires mailed to the secondary agricultural education teachers. A total of 96 teachers responded to the questionnaire. Frequencies and distributions were used to describe demographic variables. T-test and analysis of variance were used to determine relationships between

  7. Vocational perspectives after spinal cord injury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schonherr, MC; Groothoff, JW; Mulder, GA; Eisma, WH; Schönherr, M.C.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To give insight into the vocational situation several years after a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and describe the personal experiences and unmet needs; to give an overview of health and functional status per type of SCI and their relationship with employment status. Design: Descript

  8. Secondary Vocational Horticulture Programs--An Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Michael F.; Smith, Charles W.

    1983-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine characteristics of secondary horticulture teachers, the structure of horticulture departments, funding sources, nature and scope of facilities, types of supervised occupational experience programs in which horticulture students participated, and curriculum characteristics of vocational horticulture…

  9. Theoretical intersubjectivity interpretation of the objective of vocational education idea%教育方针和职业技术教育目的性的主体间性理论解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    畅国帏

    2014-01-01

    引入胡塞尔、海德格尔的现象学的主体间性概念和理论,通过应用这种哲学思想对我国以往的教育方针进行回顾和探讨,并应用主体间性思想对职业技术教育的总体目的性进行解读,提出了教师和学生对立关系哲学层面的超越可能性,探讨了这种带有总体目的性的职业技术教育在教育方针指导下教育意义的回归。%s: Through the introduction of the philosophical thinking of some concepts and ideas of Husserl and Heidegger's phenomenology, by applying the concepts and theory of inter-subjectivity, and through reviewing the by past education ideas of China, and also through applying intersubjectivity concept to interpret the overall aim of vocational and technical education, the paper proposed the philosophical possibility of overstepping the opposites as teachers and students. And this overall-purpose-aimed vocational education returning to origin meaning of education under the national education policy is discussed.

  10. Agricultural Processing and Marketing. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA.

    A vocational guidance project was conducted in Virginia to identify a valid list of tasks/competencies for three levels of agricultural processing and marketing (AG-PAM) courses for secondary students. These competencies were then to be presented in a competency-based instructional resource guide for such courses. The project developers followed…

  11. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  12. Land-Use Mapping in a Mixed Urban-Agricultural Arid Landscape Using Object-Based Image Analysis: A Case Study from Maricopa, Arizona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher S. Galletti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Land-use mapping is critical for global change research. In Central Arizona, U.S.A., the spatial distribution of land use is important for sustainable land management decisions. The objective of this study was to create a land-use map that serves as a model for the city of Maricopa, an expanding urban region in the Sun Corridor of Arizona. We use object-based image analysis to map six land-use types from ASTER imagery, and then compare this with two per-pixel classifications. Our results show that a single segmentation, combined with intermediary classifications and merging, morphing, and growing image-objects, can lead to an accurate land-use map that is capable of utilizing both spatial and spectral information. We also employ a moving-window diversity assessment to help with analysis and improve post-classification modifications.

  13. General Prospectus of Agricultural Education for Young Men and Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Dublin (Ireland).

    Designed to acquaint young men and women with the agricultural education programs currently available in Ireland's institutions of vocational and higher education, this prospectus describes the educational requirements, facilities, and programs under the auspices of Ireland's Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Specifically, this document…

  14. Core IV Materials for Metropolitan Agriculture/Horticulture Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemp, Paul; And Others

    This core curriculum guide consists of materials for use in presenting a 13-unit vocational agriculture course geared toward high school students living in metropolitan areas. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: employment in agricultural occupations, supervised occupational experience, leadership in…

  15. Handbook on Marketing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, William R.

    Compiled after interviews with vocational educators at urban and rural joint vocational schools, comprehensive high schools, and career centers considered to be successful at marketing vocational education locally in Ohio, this handbook contains information on successful marketing activities that other local educators can undertake. Section I…

  16. Methodology for updating terrain object data from remote sensing data. The application of Landsat TM data with respect to agricultural fields.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, L.L.F.

    1994-01-01

    This thesis describes some methods for updating the thematic and geometrical data of terrain objects that are contained in a Geographic Information System (GIS). The updating is based on the application of digital interpretation techniques on high resolution satellite data. The potential for updatin

  17. Vocational Pedagogical Competencies of a Professor in the Secondary Vocational Education System: Approbation of Monitoring Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in the majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  18. The Model of Monitoring of Vocational Pedagogical Competences of Professors in Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  19. The importance of vocational ethics in paramedic education, vocational ethics course for paramedics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pakdemirli Ahu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethics are rules of behaviors which morally good or bad. Bioethics is the study of ethics about by advances in biology and medicine. Health care providers should have knowledge about health professional ethics principles, public officials’ ethical behavior principles and ethical principles concerned about other legislation. They should find the required information to make logical, objective and accurate decisions where they may face with ethical problems in their professional life. Unfortunately in our country there isn’t any special vocational ethics course designed for paramedics. Our aim is to design a Vocational Ethics Course for Paramedics which includes all issues of bioethics.

  20. Present Situation and Development Trend of Agricultural Heavy Object Handling Machinery%农业重量物装卸机械应用现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于路路; 张强; 刘宪军

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzed the application and research status of the agricultural heavy object handling machinery widely used both at home and abroad,introduced their characteristics,pointed out the existing problems and forecasted their development trend.%分析了目前国内外普遍采用的重量物装卸机械的应用及研究现状,介绍了它们各自的特点,并指出存在的问题,展望了未来农业重量物装卸机械的发展趋势.

  1. Agricultural Diversification and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Secondary, Postsecondary, and Continuing Education Agriculture Programs in Iowa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Dept. of Agriculture, Des Moines.

    These instructional materials on agricultural diversification and marketing were developed for use by Iowa's vocational and technical agricultural instructors and extension personnel. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The…

  2. Enhancing women’s participation in agricultural education in Afghanistan through distance education by the National Agricultural Education College (NAEC) Afghanistan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sabri, Ayesha; Abdulrahimzai, S.; Witteveen, L.M.; Lie, R.; Meulen, Suzanne

    2017-01-01

    Agriculture dominates the Afghan economy, providing an income to 61% of the households. 44% of the labour force is engaged in agriculture and women make up to 65% of this labour force. One of the priorities of the Afghan government is to develop agricultural high-school education, vocational

  3. Analysis on Modular Curriculum Setting and Higher Multiple Skilled Entrepreneurship Talent Training of Agriculture Related Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职涉农专业模块化课程设置与复合高技能型创业人才培养探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚宏伟; 张玉俊; 马林霞; 张开慧

    2015-01-01

    This paper systematically analyzed start-up prospects of higher multiple skilled entrepreneurship talent of the agriculture related majors in higher vocational colleges,proposed modular curriculum was the most effective way to cultivate such talents and directly determine the quality of their training,finally pointed out that the training of such talents would face the main problems and the main safeguard measures.The analysis has certain theory significance and outstanding practical value.%系统分析了高职涉农专业复合高技能型创业人才创业前景,提出模块化课程是培养此类人才的有效途径并直接决定其培养质量,最后指出此类人才培养面临的主要问题和主要保障措施,具有一定理论意义和突出的实践价值。

  4. Agricultural intensification : saving space for wildlife?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baudron, F.

    2011-01-01

    Key words: agricultural frontier; smallholder; intensification; semi-arid area; wildlife; conservation agriculture; cotton; Zimbabwe. Increasing agricultural production and preventing further losses in biodiversity are both legitimate objectives, but they compete strongly in the developing world. I

  5. Dropout in vocational education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    For the last ten years drop out of vocational education has increased strongly in Denmark. Only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme on upper secondary level, complete it. Like in other European countries the low completion rates has caused considerable alarm on the political...... level (Lamb and Markussen 2011). Continuing high dropout rates will make it very hard for the government to reach its target for educational completion, and the government has launched a series of measures to increase retention including the obligation for all colleges to make plans for retention...

  6. 基于职业技能大赛的高职文秘专业课程设置研究--以云南农业大学热带作物学院为例%A Study of Vocational Skill Competition -based Curriculum of Secretary Major in Vocational Colleges:College of Tropical Crops,Yunnan Agricultural University as a Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付琼芝

    2015-01-01

    基于职业技能大赛的高职文秘专业课程以“三模块、二能力、多活动”培养为核心,树立“能力本位”的课程观。即以“技能大赛”为驱动,构建以“基础课、核心课、拓展课教学模块为主导,以专业核心能力和关键职业能力训练为重点,多种课外活动为支撑”的课程体系,强化学生职业技能,全方位训练学生综合素质能力,注重对学生动手操作能力和创新意识的培养。其意义在于可使教学内容和教学设计具有较强的针对性和实用性,对学生动手操作能力和创新意识的培养提供有力保障,使学生对综合素质以及团队合作精神的要求有明确认识。%Vocational skill competition-based curriculum of secretary courses in vocational colleges focu-ses on training of three modules,two capabilities,multi-activities,aiming to establish a competency-based concept.That is:to establish a course system,driven by skill competition,dominated by the teaching modules of basic courses,core courses and expanding courses,emphasized on professional core competencies,and supported by extra-curricular activities.It is of significance to strengthen students'professional skills,promote students'comprehensive abilities,lay emphasis on training students'opera-tional skills and innovative awareness in order to make teaching contents and teaching design more practi-cal and pertinent,and make clear the comprehensive quality and team work spirit to students.

  7. Development and Implementation of Continuing Vocational Pedagogic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Zhukov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to organizing and ensuring the effectiveness of continuing vocational education. The author describes the general theoretical idea of a lifelong education that no longer raises any doubts and objections. The continuing education is regarded as a versatile process affecting psychological, social and professional spheres, and requiring therefore the integrative – i. e. personal, social and competence approach.Referring to the expertise of Kemerovo region, the author considers the functional aspects of continuing vocational teacher training. The main emphasis is on the advantages of the network cooperation of institutions representing different educational levels and structures. Such cooperation involves the qualitative changes of content, as well as economics and management of vocational education. The experimental project of the network lead-up for vocational training masters is described. 

  8. Vocational training in contemporary Spain: Policies, Agents and Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulí DÁVILA BALSERA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The vocational training in Spain has reached a late formalization in the educational system. This situation is explained by the economical contexts thatevolve from the agricultural sector to the industrial development of certain zones, which are those who have a better network of vocational schools. In this article three levels of analysis are addressed: the first one, related to the politics and educational legislation, in order to notice the process of formalization; the second one, focused on the relevance of the Church on this sector and, the third one is the role played by the Union Organization during the Franco's regime. In this way, the intervention of the different agents who have contributed to the development of the vocational training in Spain remains clear up to the General Law of Education of 1970.

  9. Statistics of Certain Manual Training, Agricultural, and Industrial Schools, 1913-1914. Bulletin, 1915, No. 19. Whole Number 644

    Science.gov (United States)

    United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1915

    1915-01-01

    This bulletin presents the statistics of 479 manual training schools, agricultural schools, and industrial, trade, and vocational schools for 1914. At present these are divided into four groups: (1) public manual-training high schools; (2) agricultural schools (State agricultural high schools, district agricultural high schools, country…

  10. 7 CFR 624.2 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 624.2 Section 624.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WATER RESOURCES EMERGENCY WATERSHED PROTECTION § 624.2 Objective. The objective of the EWP...

  11. 7 CFR 1778.3 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 1778.3 Section 1778.3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANTS § 1778.3 Objective. The objective of...

  12. 7 CFR 1777.3 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 1777.3 Section 1777.3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) SECTION 306C WWD LOANS AND GRANTS § 1777.3 Objective. The objective of the Section 306C WWD...

  13. 7 CFR 1775.63 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objectives. 1775.63 Section 1775.63 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Solid Waste Management Grants § 1775.63 Objectives. The objectives...

  14. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  15. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  16. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  17. 民国时期的农村职业教育及其当代启示%On Rural Vocational Education in the Period of the Republic of China and Its Contemporary Enlightenments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹏

    2016-01-01

    Rural vocational education is an important part of vocational education. The education object refers to farmers, education contents are agricultural education mainly, and it has great significance for vocational education and social development in rural areas. Rural vocational education births and develops in complex social environment in the period of the Republic of China, and it has important and relatively independent position in the history of China. It has great progress in the system, policy and practice of vocational education level, and has strong westernization color, high degree of attention, practice-oriented nature. We should learn from the lessons of the Republic of China’s rural vocational education, changing the concept of development, strengthening vocational education legal construction, pay attitiong to pragmatic, protect rural vocational education, encourage diversity in school to promote the current development of rural vocational education.%农村职业教育是职业教育的重要组成部分,其教育对象专指农民,教育内容以农业教育为主,对职业教育及农村社会发展具有重要意义。民国时期的农村职业教育产生并发展于复杂社会环境,在我国农村职业教育史上占有重要位置且相对独立,并在职业教育的制度、政策建设及实践层面有较大进步,具有西化色彩浓、重视程度高、注重实践教育等特点。应吸取和借鉴民国时期农村教育的经验教训,转变发展观念,加强职业教育法制建设,注重实效,保障农村职业教育投入,促进多元办学,以推动当前的农村职业教育发展。

  18. Medical sociology as a vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosk, Charles L

    2014-12-01

    This article extends Weber's discussion of science as a vocation by applying it to medical sociology. Having used qualitative methods for nearly 40 years to interpret problems of meaning as they arise in the context of health care, I describe how ethnography, in particular, and qualitative inquiry, more generally, may be used as a tool for understanding fundamental questions close to the heart but far from the mind of medical sociology. Such questions overlap with major policy questions such as how do we achieve a higher standard for quality of care and assure the safety of patients. Using my own research, I show how this engagement takes the form of showing how simple narratives of policy change fail to address the complexities of the problems that they are designed to remedy. I also attempt to explain how I balance objectivity with a commitment to creating a more equitable framework for health care. © American Sociological Association 2014.

  19. Agriculture: Newsroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agriculture Newsroom. News releases, reports, and other documents from around EPA that are of interest or direct importance to the environmental management or compliance efforts of the agricultural community.

  20. Examining Differences between Light and Heavier Smoking Vocational Students: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araujo, Vanessa A.; Loukas, Alexandra; Gottlieb, Nell H.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine differences between light and heavier smoking vocational/technical students in tobacco use, related behaviors, and cessation. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting and Methods: Two hundred and four smokers attending two vocational/technical colleges in east Texas, USA, completed an anonymous survey during a regularly scheduled…

  1. Self-Evaluation Manual. Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction Secondary Vocational Program Evaluation Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klitzke, Elizabeth; And Others

    The purpose of this self-evaluation manual is to provide the procedures and instrumentation through which vocational education program personnel may evaluate or re-evaluate the value and effectiveness of their program. The manual is based upon statewide goals and objectives of vocational education as determined in 1983 by the project advisory…

  2. Quality Assurance in the Teaching and Examination of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, E. Ethel

    2007-01-01

    The vital role of Vocational and Technical Education in the production of skilled and competent manpower for economic, industrial and social development cannot be achieved if an efficient and effective teaching and examination is not maintained. Therefore, this paper examines the objectives of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, factors…

  3. Higher Vocational Education and Social Mobility: Educational Participation in Australia and England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Sue; Bathmaker, Ann-Marie; Gale, Trevor; Hodge, Steven; Parker, Stephen; Rawolle, Shaun

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the issue of social mobility in relation to the recent expansion of higher vocational education (HIVE) by non-university providers. The post-school vocational education sector has become the object of policies to widen access to higher education to ensure greater social mobility and provide second chance education to those…

  4. An Empirical Research on the Employment Competitiveness of Agricultural Majors Students in Vocational Colleges%高等职业技术学院涉农专业大学生就业竞争力的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李听

    2015-01-01

    涉农专业具有实用性、独特性等特点,其整体就业率一直稳定保持在较高水平,但存在就业岗位层次偏低等问题。问卷调查和数理统计分析发现,涉农专业大学生在就业心态、就业指导教育、求职技能等方面存在问题。针对这些问题,提出了以提升学生核心竞争力为核心、优化专业设置和细化培养方向为基础、完善科学就业理论和实践指导为手段、培养学生良好就业心态为保证、加强就业创业平台建设为抓手的就业竞争力培养模式。%The agricultural specialties in the system of higher education has its characteristics of practicality,unique-ness,whose overall employment rate has been stable at a high level,but with some problems such as low-level jobs and so on.Through the questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics analysis, found that agricultural college students in employment mentality, employment guidance education problems, job skills, etc.The paper researches centering with these probles,and puts forward a training mode of employment competitiveness which taking student’ s core competitiveness promotion as the core,specialties setting optimization and training direction segmentation as the base,employment theories perfection and practice guidance as the methods,good employment attitude as a guar-antee,and employment and entrepreneurship platform enhancement as the tool.

  5. Designing A Model of Vocational Training Programs for Disables through ODL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaista MAJID

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to designing a model of vocational training programs for disables. For this purpose desk review was carried out and the vocational training models/programs of Israel, U.K., Vietnam, Japan and Thailand were analyzed to form a conceptual frame work of the model. Keeping in view the local conditions/requirements a model of vocational training program was proposed. The proposed model involved the vocational training plan for the job of cashier for mild group, receptionist for moderate and computer operator for severe group. It specified the type of disability as well involved in the training plan. The model recommended the vocational training of three levels of disability; mild, moderate and severe irrespective to the type. The model consisted of details of structure, objectives, professional support involved, vocational training plan and syllabus/activities, evaluation and on job training etc. International practices regarding VT mixed with the national existing situations were critically analyzed during desk review and finally a plan of VT for disables was proposed. A survey was conducted via a questionnaire to get opinion of the heads and senior vocational instructors of Federal Government vocational training and rehabilitation centers for PWDs. The collected data was statistically analyzed to quantify the suggestions on proposed model. The major findings included that all stakeholders considered VT helpful in rehabilitation of PWDs. All heads and vocational instructors are willing to adopt this model, minimum or no extra funds are needed in its implementation, the vocational teacher employed in the centers can easily manage to adopt this model at their centers because no extra training is required for the staff and they all endorse the VT plan proposed in this model. A vocational training model is required to reduce socio-economic gap and to set professional standards by developing human resources trained in trades. The

  6. Competence assessment for vocational school students based on business and industry chamber to improve graduate entrepreneurship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samsudi, Widodo, Joko; Margunani

    2017-03-01

    Vocational school's skill competence assessment is an important phase to complete learning process at vocational school. For vocational school this phase should be designed and implemented not only to measure learning objective target, but also to provide entrepreneurship experience for the graduates. Therefore competence assessment implementation should be done comprehensively in cooperation with Business and Industry Chamber. The implementation of skill competence aspect covering materials, methods, strategies, tools and assessors, need to be designed and optimized with respect to vocational school together with Business and Industry Chamber. This aims to measure the learning objective target and produce improved entrepreneurship graduates. 4M-S strategy in students' skill competence assessment could be done to ensure that the material, method, tool and assessor have been well designed and implemented in both institutions: vocational school and Business and Industry Chamber to improve entrepreneurship graduates.

  7. Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad S. Allahyari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79. Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1 Holistic organizations (2 Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

  8. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  9. 7 CFR 632.2 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objectives. 632.2 Section 632.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL ABANDONED MINE PROGRAM General § 632.2 Objectives. (a) The...

  10. Clustering of agricultural enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Beranová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural business is a very specific branch which is characterized by very low financial performance while this characteristic is given mainly by external factors as market pricing of agricultural commodities on one side, and production costs of agricultural commodities on the other side. This way, agricultural enterprises recognize negative values of gross margin in the Profit and Loss Statement but positive value of operating profit after even there are items of costs which are deducted. These results are derived from agricultural production subsidies which are recognized as income in the P/L Statement. In connection with this fact, the government subsidies are a substantial component of financial performance of agricultural enterprises.Primary research proceeded on the statistical sample of one hundred agricultural companies, has shown that also other specifics influencing financial performance of these businesses exist here. In order to determine the influences, the cluster analysis has been applied at using more than 10 variables. This approach has led to construction of clusters (groups of agricultural business entities with different characteristics of the group. The objective of this paper is to identify the main determinants of financial performance of agricultural enterprises and to determine their influences under different economic characteristics of these business entities. For this purpose, the regression analysis has been subsequently applied on the groups of companies coming out from the cluster analysis. Besides the operating profit which is the main driving force of financial performance measured with the economic value added (EVA in agricultural enterprises, also capital structure and cost of capital have been observed as very strong influences on financial performance but these factors have different directions of their influence on the economic value added under different financial characteristics of agricultural

  11. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  12. Legal Scholarship as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, David

    2001-01-01

    Explores the more purely theoretical side of the legal scholar's vocation, using Max Weber's text on the scholar's role titled "Science as a Vocation." Discusses the consequences of the tension between law schools' generalist "pretensions" and increasingly specialist character, and Weber's fact/value distinction. (EV)

  13. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of…

  14. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of people,…

  15. Vocational Indecision and Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Assessed the vocational decision-making problems of rehabilitation clients (N=60). Revealed that decision-making problems of clients can be grouped into three areas: employment readiness, self-appraisal, and decision-making readiness. Suggested that vocationally decided and undecided subjects differ significantly in the extent to which they have…

  16. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  17. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  18. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  19. Forming Social Partnership Policy in Vocational Training of Service Sector Specialists in Germany and Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kredenets Nadiya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of forming social partnership policy in vocational training of service sector specialists in Germany and Austria. The foreign and domestic pedagogical experience in establishing an effective system of social partnership in vocational education has been analyzed. The author has considered main factors of social partnership development in vocational education that influence the forming of normative and legal support; a multilevel structure of government management, powers of employers and trade unions, regional economic development authorities of local government (industrial, commercial, trade, agricultural units, professional orientation of future specialists vocational education institutions and enterprises where specialists are trained; continuous monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; mechanisms of multivariate and multilevel approach to vocational education funding. Based on the analysis of scientific and reference sources the author has concluded that the main feature of vocational education in Germany and Austria is the participation of social partners who make common decisions and bear responsibility for normative and legal support; a multilevel management structure; monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; an optimal combination of theoretical and practical vocational training of future specialists.

  20. Agricultural Programs at the Post High School Level; Special Report Prepared for the Pacific Regional Seminar in Agricultural Education (Olympia, May 15-19, 1967).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensel, James W.

    A general overview of post-high school education in agriculture is presented to show the wide variety of programs and their curricular structure for use by school administrators. Representative agricultural programs in community colleges, junior colleges, vocational and technical schools, area schools, and in specialized technical training…

  1. A Comparison of Certain Knowledges in Agriculture Needed by Workers in Farming, in Grain Elevator Businesses, and in Agricultural Equipment Businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiscus, Keith Eugene

    Questionnaires to determine the vocational and technical education needed by prospective workers in farming and in grain elevator and agricultural equipment businesses were administered to 20 workers in each of the jobs of (1) farm manager, (2) grain elevator manager, operator, salesman, and deliveryman, and (3) agricultural equipment manager,…

  2. A Conceptual Definition of Vocational Rehabilitation Based on the ICF : building a shared global model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Escorpizo, Reuben; Reneman, Michiel F.; Ekholm, Jan; Fritz, Julie; Krupa, Terry; Marnetoft, Sven-Uno; Maroun, Claude E.; Guzman, Julietta Rodriguez; Suzuki, Yoshiko; Stucki, Gerold; Chan, Chetwyn C. H.

    Background The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a conceptual framework and classification system by the World Health Organization (WHO) to understand functioning. The objective of this discussion paper is to offer a conceptual definition for vocational

  3. The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

    2012-01-01

    The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the use of…

  4. The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

    2012-01-01

    The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the…

  5. Vocational Education and Training in Belgium. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint-Hubert, Roselyne Simon; van Griethuysen, Claire-Anne; Hellemans, Jacques; Verhelpen, Pierre; De Streel, Jean-Marc

    Belgium's vocational education and training (VET) was examined. The following topics were considered: (1) the VET environment (political and administrative structures; the economy; the labor force; unemployment); (2) Belgium's educational system (funding principles; the structure and objectives of basic, secondary, and higher education); (3) the…

  6. Exploring Professional Development Practices for Vocational Education and Training Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kim

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the practice of professional development within the Vocational Education and Training (VET) arena. The study object was to gain the perceptions held by a selected group of VET educators in the tourism and hospitality sector of the professional teaching/training competencies required for effective practice. The study was…

  7. Examining Education Qualifications for Australian Vocational Education Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kim Marianne

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses the practice of professional development within the vocational education and training (VET) arena. The study objective was to explore appropriate education qualifications for Australian VET practitioners in the tourism and hospitality sector required for effective teaching practice. The study was conducted utilising…

  8. The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

    2012-01-01

    The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the…

  9. Enhance Academic Study in Vocational Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ling

    2010-01-01

    The increase in international trade and the information technology boom led us to begin to face the previously unthinkable of academic shortage towards vocational education. The main objective of this paper is to present the problem and find ways to solve it. The main finding included lack of investment from society and high degree involvement of…

  10. 7 CFR 1944.653 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Objective. 1944.653 Section 1944.653 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Preservation Grants § 1944.653 Objective. The objective of the...

  11. 7 CFR 14.3 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 14.3 Section 14.3 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DETERMINING THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF CERTAIN PAYMENTS FOR FEDERAL TAX PURPOSES § 14.3 Objective. The objective of the determinations made under part 14 is to provide maximum...

  12. 7 CFR 634.2 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 634.2 Section 634.2 Agriculture Regulations... AGRICULTURE LONG TERM CONTRACTING RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM General § 634.2 Objective. The RCWP is designed to... quality standards or water quality goals. The objective is to be achieved in the most...

  13. 7 CFR 1948.52 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Objectives. 1948.52 Section 1948.52 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... § 1948.52 Objectives. The objective of the program is to help areas impacted by coal or...

  14. 7 CFR 1822.262 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 1822.262 Section 1822.262 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE..., Procedures, and Authorizations § 1822.262 Objective. The basic objective of RHS loans is to assist public...

  15. Learning Motivation Theory Application in Computer Teaching of Agricultural and Forestry Vocational School%学习动机理论在农林类中职学校计算机教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘喜军

    2011-01-01

    学习动机是指推动学生学习的动力,在学习中激发和维持外在动机的措施包括设立明确且适当的学习目标、及时反馈学生的学习结果,对学习结果进行适当的评价、多用正强化、慎用负强化。本文根据榆林林棱《计算机操作基础》课程开设的实际情况,结合学习动机理论,对教学过程中采取的各种措施按照学习动机原理加以剖析,并对不符合原理要求的措施提出改进意见。%The motivation is to promote student motivation to learn,learning to stimulate and maintain the extrinsic motivation measures included the establishment of clear and appropriate learning objectives,learning outcomes of students timely feedback on the proper evaluation of learning outcomes,the use of positive reinforcement,caution negative reinforcement. Based on the Yulin forest school"computer operating foundation"courses offered by the actual situation,combined with motivation theory,the process of teaching the various measures taken in accordance with the principle motivation to analyze,and do not meet the principles of the measures required to suggest improvements.

  16. 浅谈高职数控技术专业基础英语与专业英语课程目标衔接%Brief Discussion on the Curriculum Objective Connection of Fundamental English and Professional English of Computerized Numerical Control Specialty of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张媛媛

    2015-01-01

    curriculum objective is the general guideline of a curriculum and guides its implementa‐tion .As a starting point ,this paper connects the characteristics of computerized numerical control spe‐cialty and makes a contrasting analysis of factors and features of fundamental and professional English curriculum of computerized numerical control specialty of higher vocational colleges .It is targeted to in‐tegrate the curriculum objectives of the two courses in terms of English language in order to realize the ultimate objectives of cultivating the students’ English implementation ability in the occupation and post of computerized numerical control specialty and paving a favorable language foundation for the students’ job-hunting and their future jobs .%课程目标是课程总的纲领,对课程实施具有导向作用。本文从课程目标入手,结合数控技术专业特点,对高职数控技术专业基础英语与专业英语课程目标的要素、特征进行了对比与分析,以期从英语语言层面上优化整合两门课程的课程目标,实现培养学生在数控技术专业职业、岗位中的英语实际运用能力和交际能力的终极目的,为学生就业及未来工作打下良好的语言基础。

  17. Vocational Education and Zakat: The Case Study of Punjab Vocational Training Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal M. KHAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to explore the prospect of teaching Entrepreneurship Education to those who acquire vocational skills at Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC. It is also to explore whether PVTC has promoted entrepreneurship through its vocational training institutes located all over Punjab. This study also deals with the concept of utilization of ‘Zakat' for the purpose of vocational education as a mode for possible replication. The research objective has been to follow the progress of this institution. It has also been to record the successes of this model of a public-private ownership, a model of utilizing the ‘Zakat' to fund education projects, a value based organization, a learning organization and a highly innovative institution. The other objective is to explore the evidence of entrepreneurship education and its effectiveness in PVTC. Literature has been reviewed on vocational training and entrepreneurship education. It also reviews experience and evidence of such practice prevailing in other environment. Combined with this is the review and conceptualization of a model based on ‘zakat'. Research Methodology used is basically qualitative; data has been collected through semi structured intensive interviews and from focus groups of stakeholders. The strategies adopted to collect data in this study are “survey”, “case study” and “grounded theory.” The data collected from semi structured interviews were concluded by thematic analysis, analyzing technique of writing reports from data. NVivo software was utilized for triangulation to reduce the data bias and increase validity by comparing primary and secondary data. The findings of this research have been that the pedagogical skills offered by PVTC's are not effective for entrepreneurial potential development. Work is required for entrepreneurial curriculum development and training of PVTCs' instructors, students and practitioners. The research also reveals

  18. Agricultural Education in England and the Dictates of the Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Errington, A.; Harrison-Mayfield, L.

    1995-01-01

    British agricultural colleges recently became independent corporations and their traditional market is changing as the economy is restructured. A survey of rural residents in four counties (n=1,352) supports a broader role for the colleges, such as serving as rural business centers that provide vocational education, training, and services to rural…

  19. Agriculture Sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Agriculture sectors comprise establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, and harvesting fish and other animals. Find information on compliance, enforcement and guidance on EPA laws and regulations on the NAICS 111 & 112 sectors.

  20. Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The four geophysical methods predominantly used for agricultural purposes are resistivity, electromagnetic induction, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and time domain reflectometry (TDR). Resistivity and electromagnetic induction methods are typically employed to map lateral variations of apparent so...

  1. Vocational Dual Education System: comparison between the German model and the new Spanish vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Rego Agraso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The German dual system of vocational training has been object of transfer in some countries all over the world, among them Spain. Indeed, in this article we try to clarify the key elements in the adapting process of this Dual System to our country, analyzing its chances of success. To do this, we contribute a descriptive study of the main elements of the German Dual System. Then, the focus will be in the changes in our country, from the LOMCE project to the legislation governing apprenticeship and training. As a kind of discussion, we pretend to clarify how cultural and organizational elements of the production system have a strongly influence in the chances of success on the Vocational Training reform policy initiatives. Finally, we completed a series of proposals for action that would contribute to the employment and an increase in the qualification among Spanish young people.

  2. Agriculture: About EPA's National Agriculture Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA's National Agriculture Center (Ag Center), with the support of the United States Department of Agriculture, serves growers, livestock producers, other agribusinesses, and agricultural information/education providers.

  3. Commonalities in the Professional Education Competencies of Selected Community College Vocational Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Donald Gene

    To determine the nature of common professional education competencies of community college vocational teachers, 160 teachers from four western states and from program areas of agriculture, health, home economics, and service occupations were administered a professional education competency questionnaire. Analysis of data revealed that there was no…

  4. THE PROCESS AND PRODUCT OF T AND I HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES, THE PRODUCT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ENINGER, MAX U.

    THE OBJECTIVES WERE--(1) TO DESCRIBE THE OCCUPATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND RELATED EXPERIENCES OF TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL GRADUATES OF 1953, 1958, AND 1962, AND (2) TO COMPARE THE EXPERIENCES FOR VOCATIONAL AND ACADEMIC GRADUATES OF THE SAME CLASSES AND SCHOOLS. DATA WERE COLLECTED BY QUESTIONNAIRES FROM 5,327 VOCATIONAL GRADUATES AND 1,780 ACADEMIC…

  5. The Development of Productivity Practical Management Model at Automotive Mechanical Technology Skill Program in Semarang Vocational Schools, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadromi; Rachman, Maman; Soesanto; Kartana, Tri Jaka

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop automotive Mechanical Technology Skill Program (TMO) in Vocational School. The Research and Development (R&D) object was done in SMK 1, 4 and 7 Semarang, Indonesia. The result was achieved productivity Practical Management Final Model at TMO skill Program in Vocational school named momanticproter.…

  6. Gene banks pay big dividends to agriculture, the environment, and human welfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. C. Johnson

    2008-01-01

    Nearly a century after the pioneering American apple tree purveyor Johnny Appleseed traveled from town to town planting nurseries in the Midwestern United States, Frans Nicholas Meijer left his Netherlands home to pursue a similar vocation as an "agricultural explorer" for the US Department of Agriculture. Over the course of his career, Meijer, who...

  7. Poultry Production for Agricultural Science I Core Curriculum. Instructor's Guide. Volume 19, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timko, Joseph J.; Stewart, Bob R.

    This unit is designed to aid teachers in lesson planning in the secondary agricultural education curriculum in Missouri. Intended to be taught to ninth-grade students of vocational agriculture, the unit contains six lessons for developing competencies needed in poultry production. The lessons are as follows: (1) the importance of the poultry…

  8. Poultry Production for Agricultural Science I Core Curriculum. Instructor's Guide. Volume 19, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timko, Joseph J.; Stewart, Bob R.

    This unit is designed to aid teachers in lesson planning in the secondary agricultural education curriculum in Missouri. Intended to be taught to ninth-grade students of vocational agriculture, the unit contains six lessons for developing competencies needed in poultry production. The lessons are as follows: (1) the importance of the poultry…

  9. AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS TECHNOLOGY, A SUGGESTED TWO-YEAR POST HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM AND COURSE OUTLINES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HALTERMAN, JERRY; AND OTHERS

    DATA REVEALED BY STUDIES OF AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS TRAINING NEEDS CONDUCTED IN SEVERAL STATES PROMPTED THE DESIGN OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS SERIES TO ASSIST STATE AND LOCAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION LEADERS IN DEVELOPING PROGRAMS TO PREPARE YOUTH AND ADULTS FOR EMPLOYMENT AND ADVANCEMENT IN OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS. THIS DOCUMENT, THE…

  10. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  11. Research Frontiers of Agricultural Economics and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang L.X.

    2004-01-01

    @@ Introduction The focus of research on Agricultural Economics and Management (AEM) has been switching from developed countries to developing countries. In important international journals on AEM such as "American Journal of Agricultural Economics" and "Agricultural Economics", the research objectives mainly focus on AEM problems in developing countries, e.g. the effects of globalization and liberalization on agricultural production in developing countries, and problems in agricultural resources and environmental protections in developing countries.

  12. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education. Basic Core Curriculum Project, Horticulture I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James, Ed.

    This secondary horticulture curriculum guide is one of a set of three designated as the basic core of instruction for horticulture programs in Kansas. Units of instruction are presented in thirteen sections: (1) Orientation and Careers, (2) Leadership and Future Farmers of America, (3) Supervised Occupational Experience Program, (4) Plant…

  13. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education. Basic Core Curriculum Project, Horticulture II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James, Ed.

    This second horticulture guide is one of a set of three designated as the basic core of instruction for horticulture programs in Kansas. Units of instruction are presented in eight sections: (1) Leadership, (2) Supervised Occupational Experience, (3) Plant Propagation, (4) Soil and Plant Growth Media, (5) Fertilizers, (6) Greenhouse, (7) Plant…

  14. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education. Basic Core Curriculum Project, Horticulture III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James, Ed.

    This secondary horticulture curriculum guide is one of a set of three designated as the basic core of instruction for horticulture programs in Kansas. Units of instruction are presented in eight sections: (1) Human Relations, (2) Business Operations, (3) Greenhouse, (4) Retail Flowershop Operation, (5) Landscape Nursery, (6) Lawn Maintenance, (7)…

  15. Effectiveness Evaluation Data for Major City Secondary Education Systems in the United States; Volume IV: Survey of Class of '70 Graduates Vocational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eninger, M. U.

    Vocational education administrators must think of themselves as managers of manpower development systems and apply tools of management to achieve their objectives. To do this a theoretical model, called the Manpower Conversion Equation, was developed from which six basic vocational education objectives could be generated deductively. The model…

  16. Object and Objective Lost?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopdrup-Hjorth, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the erosion and problematization of ‘the organization’ as a demarcated entity. Utilizing Foucault's reflections on ‘state-phobia’ as a source of inspiration, I show how an organization-phobia has gained a hold within Organization Theory (OT). By attending to the history...... of this organization-phobia, the paper argues that OT has become increasingly incapable of speaking about its core object. I show how organizations went from being conceptualized as entities of major importance to becoming theoretically deconstructed and associated with all kinds of ills. Through this history......, organizations as distinct entities have been rendered so problematic that they have gradually come to be removed from the center of OT. The costs of this have been rather significant. Besides undermining the grounds that gave OT intellectual credibility and legitimacy to begin with, the organization-phobia...

  17. Vocatives and discourse markers in textualinteractive grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Penhavel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the class of Vocatives and the class of Discourse Markers as proposed within Textualinteractive Grammar, and we try to demonstrate that Vocatives can work as Discourse Markers.

  18. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  19. 7 CFR 1951.253 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Objectives. 1951.253 Section 1951.253 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE....253 Objectives. (a) (b) Borrowers must graduate to other credit at reasonable rates and terms...

  20. 7 CFR 4285.1 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objective. 4285.1 Section 4285.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL... Program § 4285.1 Objective. This subpart sets forth the policies and procedures and delegates...

  1. 7 CFR 1944.51 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Objective. 1944.51 Section 1944.51 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Housing Application Packaging Grants § 1944.51 Objective. This subpart...

  2. 7 CFR 1944.401 - Objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Objective. 1944.401 Section 1944.401 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) HOUSING Self-Help Technical Assistance Grants § 1944.401 Objective. This subpart...

  3. Vocational Education and Equality of Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Benjamin; Feinberg, Walter

    1990-01-01

    Examines the concepts of equality of opportunity and equality of educational opportunity and their relationship to vocational education. Traces the history of vocational education. Delineates the distinction between training and education as enumerated in Aristotelian philosophy. Discusses the role vocational education can play in the educative…

  4. Connecting Mathematics Teaching with Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalby, Diane; Noyes, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    For many vocational students in England, mathematics is now a compulsory part of their programme, yet the inclusion of an academic subject within a vocational course presents challenges. In this paper, an analysis of a series of case studies of vocational student groups in Further Education colleges in England shows how contrasting practices in…

  5. Vocation as the Quest for Authentic Existence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kenneth B.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the concept of vocation and demonstrates that vocation is the organizing, existential principle of the concept of work. Presents a critical examination of Green's (1968) delineation of job and work and asserts that vocation as the quest for authentic existence is the unifying concept that gives grounding to Green's notion of work. (NB)

  6. [Relevance of Personality Factors for Successful Vocational Rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arling, V; Slavchova, V; Knispel, J; Spijkers, W

    2016-02-01

    The Main purpose of vocational rehabilitation is occupational reintegration of clients into the job market who have lost their job or whose job is threatened because of a handicap or chronicl illness. With regard to existing evidence for the relevance of personality factors for work performance and job achievement, the present study investigated the influence of participants' personality factors on a successful reintegration after a retraining program in a vocational training center over 2 years. A central research objective was to identify prognostic personality factors for successful vocational integration. In this longitudinal study 15 vocational training centers participated at 3 time points of measurement (T1, T2 and T3). Data gathering was based on rehabilitants' self-reports (standardized questionnaires: SVF, BSW, SPR, CSES) about personality aspects. First data collection started at the beginning (T1) and a second survey was conducted at the end of the training 2 years later (T2). Based on the data at measurement points T1 and T2, 4 prognostic models were computed (binary logistic regression analysis) and evaluated, examining the differenzial influence of several scales and items on direct reintegration after completing the vocational retraining and reintegration status 6 months later (T3). As expected, different variables turned out to be relevant for occupational integration at the end of the training program and 6 months later. Correspondingly other variables appeared to be relevant for occupational reintegration at T1 and at T2. At the end of the vocational training program, approximately 24% of the participants had a job. With respect to direct reintegration, regression analysis revealed that vocational self-efficacy (R(2)=0,175) and self-evaluation were relevant (R(2)=0,383). Approximately 70% of the participants had gotten a job 6 months later. Several stress coping strategies (R(2)=0,170), estimation of the own reintegration prognosis and aspects

  7. Better definition of vocational services is critical within substance user treatment programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankertz, Laura; Magura, Stephen

    2004-01-01

    Vocational rehabilitation in substance user treatment programs is often poorly defined; programs rarely provide adequate descriptions of the vocational services they offer. There is no standardization in the content of vocational counseling, in the format of its delivery, or in the qualifications of staff that deliver it. Thus, the type, intensity, and quality of vocational services can vary widely among programs, as well as over time within a given program due to vocational staff turnover. However, current demands for greater accountability in social services pose a challenge to this state of affairs. There is no evidence that vocational services as currently delivered in treatment programs are either effective or even reasonably efficient. Note that "programs are increasingly called on to justify their existence, their expenditure of funds and their achievement of objectives. Behind the call for accountability is an awareness of the gap between almost unlimited social need and limited resources" (Weiss, 2004). It is difficult to achieve accountability for ill-defined and variable vocational services.

  8. Effect of an Experiential and Work-Based Learning Program on Vocational Identity, Career Decision Self-Efficacy, and Career Maturity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esters, Levon T.; Retallick, Michael S.

    2013-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the effect of an agriculturally-based experiential and work-based learning program, Science With Practice (SWP), on the vocational identity, career decision self-efficacy, and career maturity of undergraduate agriculture and life sciences students. The SWP experience helped clarify students' career interests and…

  9. Strategies for Translating Vocative Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga COJOCARU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the linguistic and cultural elements of vocative texts and the techniques used in translating them by giving some examples of texts that are typically vocative (i.e. advertisements and instructions for use. Semantic and communicative strategies are popular in translation studies and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages in translating vocative texts. The advantage of semantic translation is that it takes more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, while communicative translation attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original text in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. Focus is laid on the strategies used in translating vocative texts, strategies that highlight and introduce a cultural context to the target audience, in order to achieve their overall purpose, that is to sell or persuade the reader to behave in a certain way. Thus, in order to do that, a number of advertisements from the field of cosmetics industry and electronic gadgets were selected for analysis. The aim is to gather insights into vocative text translation and to create new perspectives on this field of research, now considered a process of innovation and diversion, especially in areas as important as economy and marketing.

  10. Production Structure of Agriculture in Huai’an City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the data in 1990-2009 Huai’an Statistical Yearbook and Jiangsu Statistical Yearbook,production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is analyzed.Result shows that economic efficiency of planting industry is significantly lower than that of other industry types of agriculture;and the production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is unbalanced and needs further optimization.The reasons for the imbalance in industrial structure are various,such as the relatively low quality of agricultural employees,the backward marketing of planting,and the lack of standardization management.Finally,corresponding suggestions are put forward,including developing education,conducting vocational training,improving the human capital stock of Huai’an City,cultivating the leading enterprises for agricultural product processing,and realizing the scale agglomeration effect of agricultural production in planting industry.

  11. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  12. Low-Carbon Agriculture Development Core Objectives: Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change%低碳农业发展核心目标:减缓和适应气候变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新民

    2012-01-01

    Mitigation and adaptation of human action on climate change in two complementary measures. Chinese agriculture on climate change mitigation and adaptation are equally important: on the one hand, agriculture in the mitigation of climate change has a unique role; on the other hand, agricultural adaptation to climate change is more realistic and urgent than the mitigation of climate change. Actively developing modern agriculture to realize low carbon emission reduction promotion department, Chinese agriculture ecological system can be used as a very important carbon sinks into the global promotion measures, measures for CO2 emission reduction. China's low carbon agriculture in mitigating and adapting to climate change has great potential.%减缓和适应是人类应对气候变化行动中两种相辅相成的措施.中国农业在应对气候变化中,减缓和适应同等重要:一方面,农业在减缓气候变化中具有独特的作用;另一方面,农业适应气候变化比减缓气候变化更为现实的迫切.积极发展低碳现代农业实现减排增汇,中国农业生态系统可以作为一种非常重要的固碳增汇措施,纳入全球CO2械排措施中去.中国低碳农业在减缓和适应气候变化中具有巨大潜力.

  13. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  14. 7 CFR 1210.330 - Policy and objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... PROMOTION PLAN Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan Research and Promotion § 1210.330 Policy and objective... research, development, advertising, and promotion in order to: (a) Strengthen watermelons'...

  15. FINANCING MECHANISMS OF AGRICULTURE IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BUMBESCU SORINA SIMONA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to highlight the importance of the agriculture financing ways, existing an interdependence relationship between the stage of agriculture development and its funding mechanisms. This article presents in a complex way, the general theoretical framework of the agriculture financing, and the practical methods of agriculture finance from bank loans to European programs and projects, the impact of EU funds on agriculture. The research leads to two important categories of tangible results; on one hand it highlights the most important and used ways to finance the Romanian agriculture, and on the other hand, there is analised the impact of EU funds on rural development, their absorption.

  16. CORRELATION BETWEEN INTERESTS, FLAIRS AND VOCATIONAL PREFERENCES WITH THE PROFESSIONAL CAREER ELECTION WHEN GRADUATED FROM THE TECHNOLOGIC AGRICULTURE COLLEGE, MEXICO / LA CORRELACIÓN ENTRE LOS INTERESES, APTITUDES Y PREFERENCIAS VOCACIONALES CON LA CARRERA QUE ELIGEN AL EGRESAR LOS ALUMNOS DEL CENTRO DE BACHILLERATO TECNOLÓGICO AGROPECUARIO, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa De León Mendoza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available An activity required in the educational field is the vocational counseling, which is considered fundamental because of the importance on the future of the students. Nevertheless there are only a few researches that meassure the correlation between the dominant areas identified by the career adviser and with the professional career election taken by the student at the end of high scholl degree.The methodology used in this research allow the vocational counseling or career adviser to provide the student with information of the specific area attached to their interests and flairs. The results of this research work, demonstrate that there is a correlation between the interests, skills and specific areas identified in the student, with the race which elects the graduation of his high school.

  17. Vocational perspectives and neuromuscular disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andries, F; Wevers, CWJ; Wintzen, AR; Busch, HFM; Howeler, CJ; deJager, AEJ; Padberg, GW; deVisser, M; Wokke, JHJ

    1997-01-01

    The present study analyses the actual occupational situation, vocational handicaps and past labour career of a group of about 1000 Dutch patients suffering from a neuromuscular disorder (NMD). On the basis of the likelihood of a substantial employment history and sufficient numbers of patients, four

  18. Vocationally Oriented Language Learning Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Karin; Kantelinen, Ritva

    2013-01-01

    Vocationally oriented language learning (VOLL) is often seen as a part of English for Specific Purposes/Language for Specific Purposes (ESP/LSP), which it is not in every case. The diverging characteristics and lines of development that these two branches of ELT have undergone are outlined and contrasted. Then, a discussion of the added value of a…

  19. On the Factors Affecting Effective English Teaching in Vocational Colleges--A Case Study of GUET Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈毅; 韦宛彤

    2016-01-01

    Based on the previous researches, this thesis explores the present situation of effective English teaching in GUET Vocational College, by taking students from grade 2015 as study objects, and focusing on factors of students, English teachers, textbooks, and evaluation system, then points out the existing problems and analyzes the reasons based on the results of the questionnaires, and finally puts forward some practical solutions, trying to offer some suggestions for effective English teach-ing in the college.

  20. 7 CFR 1775.33 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objectives. 1775.33 Section 1775.33 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Technical Assistance and Training Grants § 1775.33 Objectives. The objectives of the program are to: (a) Identify and evaluate solutions to water and waste problems in...

  1. 7 CFR 1782.2 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Objectives. 1782.2 Section 1782.2 Agriculture... (CONTINUED) SERVICING OF WATER AND WASTE PROGRAMS § 1782.2 Objectives. Loan and grant servicing is provided by Rural Development in order to assist recipients in complying with the established objectives...

  2. 7 CFR 1951.202 - Objectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Objectives. 1951.202 Section 1951.202 Agriculture... and Grants § 1951.202 Objectives. The purpose of loan and grant servicing functions is to assist recipients to meet the objectives of loans and grants, repay loans on schedule, comply with agreements,...

  3. 7 CFR 1250.506 - Policy and objective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy and objective. 1250.506 Section 1250.506 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... and Regulations General § 1250.506 Policy and objective. (a) It shall be the policy of the Egg Board...

  4. The Requirement for Vocational Skills in the Engineering Industry in the Areas of Modena and Vienna. Synthesis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Mario; Mereu, Maria Grazia; Tagliaferro, Claudio; Markowitsch, Jorg; Neuberger, Robert

    Requirements for vocational skills in the engineering industry in Modena, Italy, and Vienna, Austria, were studied. In Modena, employees of a representative sample of 90 small, medium, and large firms in the mechanical processing, agricultural machinery, and sports car manufacturing sectors were interviewed. In Vienna, data were collected through…

  5. Vocational teachers and the notion of ’good teaching’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Jensen, Lars Bang

    2016-01-01

    lines of education. Vocational teachers thus hail from a diverse range of vocational- and educational backgrounds and experience. The pedagogical course envisioned as a universal pedagogical training thus has an intrinsic problematic when facing the differentiated background and vocational training...

  6. Problems in Employment Trend of Higher Vocational Graduates and Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Jianhua; Sheng, Zhichong

    2011-01-01

    Based on analyzing the regional character of higher vocational graduates employment, this paper analyzes the reasons for this employment trend, advances relevant countermeasures for employment of higher vocational graduates, and explores the direction for higher vocational graduates employment.

  7. An R & D Agenda to Respond to Future Needs in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    This is the final report from a three-year project to develop and provide information to assist in setting national priorities for research and development in vocational education. The major objective of the third year was to obtain a more future-oriented perspective on needed research and development. To accomplish this objective, papers and…

  8. Report of an Evaluation of the Vocational-Technical Program in South Dakota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Dakota State Advisory Council on Vocational and Technical Education, Pierre.

    The results of an evaluation study made to determine how well South Dakota has met vocational-technical education objectives and goals are provided. The three sections of the report are as follows: Section I: Presentation, Analysis, Interpretation of Data and Evaluation of Outcome Objectives (15 tables and 4 charts); Section II: Part A.…

  9. The Stages of Vocational/Academic Integration for Vocational Educators. Tip Sheet #5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, Mary J.

    This brief suggests that vocational educators may be unclear as to whether they have accomplished integration of vocational and academic education because of the multistage nature of the process. The three stages suggest a continuum of professional growth, as vocational and academic educators first become aware of limitations of the status quo,…

  10. Identity Change during Vocational Teacher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette

    New vocational teachers cross a boundary when they move from one occupation to a job as teacher. A vocational teacher already has an education when he becomes a teacher. He also has several years of work experience. In Denmark, the educational background is related to the type of vocational schoo...... educations, reduce dropout rates and increase the supply of labor. The theoretical framework is identity theories....

  11. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  12. Vocational teachers' identity formation through boundary crossing

    OpenAIRE

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers’ prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational teachers to teach their subject matter. Drawing on a socio-cultural understanding of identity, and based on twenty semi-structured interviews with voc...

  13. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  14. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  15. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET. These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in VET. Some theoretical consideration in behavioral and cognitive psychology will be discussed derived from the concept of learning content vocational institutions; pedagogical strategies such as demonstration, practice and feedback implemented by the instructors for learning occur. The learners’ preferences based on their characteristics to cater their ability to learn in VET. Learners’ learning styles were investigated to identify their preferences in learning and match with the curriculum and practices in teaching VET. The shift in pedagogical orientation will focus in potential of individual, engage learners in development of their own vocational knowledge and skills. VET instructors and trainers must be able to recognize and adapt their teaching and learning practice in order to response to these needs.

  16. Commodity Agriculture, Civic Agriculture and the Future of U.S. Farming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyson, Thomas A.; Guptill, Amy

    2004-01-01

    Commodity agriculture and civic agriculture represent two distinct types of farming found in the U.S. today. Commodity agriculture is grounded on the belief that the primary objectives of farming should be to produce as much food/fiber as possible for the least cost. It is driven by the twin goals of productivity and efficiency. Civic…

  17. The Importance of Agriculture Science Course Sequencing in High Schools: A View from Collegiate Agriculture Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelus, Robin P.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of Agriculture Science course sequencing in high schools, as a preparatory factor for students enrolled in collegiate agriculture classes. With the variety of courses listed in the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) for Agriculture Science, it has been possible for counselors,…

  18. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Licensed practical and licensed vocational ...

  19. Reforming Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Kondrup, Sissel

    The systems of vocational education and training are facing a number of challenges in many European countries. The share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes....... Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy (OECD 2015). These trends...... means that the challenges are twofold. First, the VET systems are required to offer double qualifications, which give access not only to skilled employment, but also to higher education (Deissinger et.al 2013). Secondly, the VET systems are met by diverse demands to be social inclusive and exclusive...

  20. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  1. Agriculture of the Podlaskie voivodeship after integration to the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zofia Tomczonek

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the changes in the agriculture of the Podlaskie voivodeship between 2002-2010. During the period of time chosen for the analysis the number of agricultural holdings decreased by 13.4%, while the average area of arable land in the agricultural holdings increased to 10.29 ha (in the holdings above 1 ha – 14.77 ha. 86.6% of the holdings were involved only in agricultural activity, and 2.4% in activity other than agricultural activity, but directly linked with the agricultural holding. Almost a half of the holdings (46.7% stated that agricultural activity was their main source of income. There were 2033 ecological holdings functioning in 2010. The holdings became better equipped in terms of machines and agricultural devices. There were also positive changes in farmers’ education level and vocational preparation.

  2. Re-Contextualizing Vocational Didactics in Norwegian Vocational Education and Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hæge Nore

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores teachers and trainers didactical practices in different contexts in Norwegian VET: schools and workplaces. With the introduction of e-resources and e-portfolios in VET, learners as well as teachers and trainers experience a more hybrid learning-arena, which claims for a recontextualization of vocational didactics as well as re-defining roles and responsibilities of the actors. The article discuss new forms of boundary crossing, dealing with e-portfolios as boundary objects, increasing learner autonomy, transformative learning outcomes, interaction between actors and designing learning processes in hybrid learning-arenas. Vocational didactics as understood in a teacher-training context are challenged by more actors and new forms of interactivity with technological tools crossing sites. The study is based on a longitudinal study in a national project on quality assessment, interviews with teachers and trainers as well as apprenticeship training offices supported by documentary evidence from three trades: sales, plumbing and industrial mechanics.

  3. Object crowding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Julian M; Tjan, Bosco S

    2011-05-25

    Crowding occurs when stimuli in the peripheral fields become harder to identify when flanked by other items. This phenomenon has been demonstrated extensively with simple patterns (e.g., Gabors and letters). Here, we characterize crowding for everyday objects. We presented three-item arrays of objects and letters, arranged radially and tangentially in the lower visual field. Observers identified the central target, and we measured contrast energy thresholds as a function of target-to-flanker spacing. Object crowding was similar to letter crowding in spatial extent but was much weaker. The average elevation in threshold contrast energy was in the order of 1 log unit for objects as compared to 2 log units for letters and silhouette objects. Furthermore, we examined whether the exterior and interior features of an object are differentially affected by crowding. We used a circular aperture to present or exclude the object interior. Critical spacings for these aperture and "donut" objects were similar to those of intact objects. Taken together, these findings suggest that crowding between letters and objects are essentially due to the same mechanism, which affects equally the interior and exterior features of an object. However, for objects defined with varying shades of gray, it is much easier to overcome crowding by increasing contrast.

  4. Performance Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-12-01

    objectives may direct students’ learning (Duchastel and Merrill, 1973; Kapfer , 1970; Kibler et al., 1974), since such objectives may provide...matter learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 62(1): 67-70 (1971). Kapfer , P. G. Behavioral objectives and the curriculum processor. Educational

  5. 397 Empirical Assessment of Agricultural Development in Manzini ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Agricultural development and other policy instruments adopted by Swaziland in the past have ... holdings following the traditional agricultural practices have improved and agricultural ... and analytical definition of the objectives and concepts formulated to meet ..... An empirical analysis of the role of agriculture in accelerated.

  6. 高职院校图书馆职业特色建设研究%A Study on Vocational Feature Construction of Library of Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓应

    2015-01-01

    The essence of vocational education is crossover realization of education activities. Under the general law of service of university library, library of higher vocational college has the particularity of function and behavior of vocational education. We should respect the vocational feature and law, abide by the education and teaching rule in order to meet the need of object of higher vocational education of development in an all-around way.%职业教育,以跨界实现教育活动为本质。高职院校图书馆在具有大学图书馆服务的一般规律下,还具有职业教育功能上和行为上的特殊性,因此,应该尊重职业特色及行业规律,遵守教育与教学规律,满足高职教育对象全面发展的需要。

  7. Value and Development Countermeasures for Modern Agriculture in Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weidong; JIN

    2013-01-01

    With advance of urbanization and industrialization, modern agricultural development in Chinas economic developed areas (CEDAs) is greatly restricted by traditional concept. To speed up the development of modern agriculture in CEDAs, this paper takes Suzhou City as an example from theories supporting modern agricultural development. It demonstrates agriculture in CEDAs plays an important role in adjusting supply of agricultural and sideline products, reserving rural labor employment, protecting ecological environment, increasing farmers income, and passing on agricultural culture. It contends that CEDAs should take reserving basic farmland as prerequisite; take adequate supply of primary agricultural products, protection of living environment, maintenance of agricultural landscape, and inheritance of farming culture as objectives; establish perfect modern agricultural system through firmly setting up modern agricultural value concept; increase local public finance input; increase agricultural functional value from technical and management levels, to realize increase of farmers income, promote sustainable development of agriculture, promote integrated urban and rural development, as well as harmonious development of human and nature.

  8. BIODYNAMIC AGRICULTURE - ECO-FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselka Vlahova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodynamic agriculture is undoubtedly the oldest organized agricultural movement in the world. It is considered as an organic agricultural farming approach and determined as the oldest organized alternative agricultural movement in the world. In 1924 Rudolf Steiner – an Austrian natural scientist and philosopher, carried out a series of eight lectures in Koberwitz, currently Kobierzyce- Poland, where he formulated his visions on changes in agriculture and revealed his spiritual and scientific concepts about the connection between nature and agriculture by determining the important role of agriculture for the future of humanity and thus he became known as “the father of anthroposophy”. The great ecological effect of the application of the biodynamic agriculture is expressed in soil preservation and preservation of the living organisms in the soil, as well as maintenance of the natural balance in the vegetable and animal kingdom.

  9. 中职学校体育教学与学生个性发展的研究——以广西玉林农业学校为例%Reseaech on Physical Education Teaching and Student' s Personality Development in Higher Vocational College ——Taking Guangxi Yulin Agricultural School as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李发姣; 章著

    2012-01-01

    本文针对有关影响中职学生个性发展的内外部因素进行调查。调查发现:教学氛围、教学手段与方法、个人性格及认识等主客观因素对学生个性发展有着密切的关联。在新课标的指导下,充分发挥学生的个性是学校体育教育教学改革的重要内容之一。本文创新提出体育教学促进学生个性发展的措施,为中职体育教学目标的顺利实现,提供理论参考。%This paper investigates the internal and external factors influencing personality development of higher vocational college students. The result shows that teaching environment, method and way, personality and cognition have clsoe relationship on student' s personality development. Under the guidline of new curriculum standard, fully play student' s personality is one of the important part of school physical education teaching reform. This paper puts forward the measurements for promoting student' s personality development and providing theoretical reference for fulifilling the pyhsical education teaching of higher vocational college.

  10. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  11. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  12. Urban Agriculture Guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, A.J.; Jansma, J.E.; Dekking, A.J.G.; Klieverik, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The Urban Agriculture Guide describes the experiences, learning moments, tips and tricks of those involved in the initiatives of urban agriculture and an indication is provided of what is required to develop urban agriculture further in the Netherlands

  13. Putting a Vocational Focus Back into Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Gregory C.

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, rehabilitation has been closely associated with vocational potential and return to work post-injury, or the maintenance of work attendance following the onset of chronic disease. Indeed, so close was the association that the terms "rehabilitation" and "vocational rehabilitation" were virtually synonymous. Over…

  14. Applying a Typology to Vocational Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=1,005), college juniors (N=692), employed adults (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a 1 year interval (N=624). The aspirational data were…

  15. Vocational Indecision: More Evidence and Speculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Holland, Joan E.

    1977-01-01

    Samples of 1,005 high school juniors and 692 college juniors were assessed with measures of personality, decision-making ability, interests, and vocational attitude. Comparisons of undecided and decided students indicate they are alike on most measures, but substantial and significant differences were found for the Identity and Vocational Attitude…

  16. Data Available for Studying Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, David B.

    The Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) data base was created as a result of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1976. VEDS statistics were to be collected in the form of state-aggregate data (that is, state-level data is submitted by each state, based upon records and data collected by the state for this and other purposes); and VEDS data,…

  17. Vocational Teaching Cube System of Engineering Graphics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangDaofu; LiuShenli

    2003-01-01

    Based on long-time research on vocational teaching cube theory in graphics education and analyzing on the intellectual structure in the process of reading engineering drawing, the graphics intellectual three-dimensional model, which is made up of 100 cubes, is founded and tested in higher vocational graphics education. This system serves as a good guidance to the graphics teaching.

  18. Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centro De La Comunidad, Inc., New London, CT.

    During its second year, the Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project recruited eighth and ninth grade Hispanic youth for a four-week cycle, after-school, career exploratory program at Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical School, Groton, Connecticut. A series of career education workshops was the other major project activity. Supportive…

  19. The Structure of Vocational Interests in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iliescu, Dragos; Ispas, Dan; Ilie, Alexandra; Ion, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Using data provided by the Self-Directed Search (SDS) on a sample of 1,519 participants comprising 3 subsamples containing high school students, university students, and working adults, the authors examine the structure of vocational interests in Romania. Three competing structural models of vocational interests (Holland's circumplex model and…

  20. Vocational Preparation Teacher Manual. Missouri LINC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Steve; And Others

    This document defines the role and responsibilities of Missouri's vocational preparation teachers as they work with disadvantaged and handicapped students in vocational education programs and offers advice on how they can fulfill their role and responsibilities. Following the introduction is the questionnaire used in a survey of vocational…

  1. Bringing Realism Into the Vocational Typing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Alan C.

    1978-01-01

    Based on "Typing 2," Gregg's new second-year vocational typing book for high schools, this article discusses ways to use the textbook and what the teacher can do to support the spirit of realism, purpose, and efficiency that the author feels should dominate the vocational typing course. (TA)

  2. Gasoline Engine Mechanics. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in gasoline engine mechanics in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of small-engine mechanics; program content (curriculum framework and student performance…

  3. Fashion Marketing. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Instructional Development and Services.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in fashion marketing in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: program content (job duties of wholesale and retail clothing salespersons and curriculum framework and student…

  4. Leadership Skills among Technical and Vocational Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Nurazyan Zahidah; Jizat, Nor Atikah Md.; Zakaria, Normah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of leadership skills among technical and vocational educator are to prepare them towards effective organization. Effective leadership is widely accepted as being a key constituent in achieving organization improvement and to examine. This study aimed to gauge the leadership skills among technical and vocational educators effectiveness…

  5. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  6. Vocational Teachers' Identity Formation through Boundary Crossing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers' prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational…

  7. Vocational Teachers between Educational Institutions and Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze discursively how the relationship between educational institutions and workplaces materializes in the position of a vocational teacher. Several studies have pointed out that the role of vocational teachers is changing as a result of current educational reforms, which can be understood in terms of bringing…

  8. The Dutch vocational education and training system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.M.C.

    2014-01-01

    The Dutch educational system is highly stratified from secondary education onwards3, and this also applies to MBO. Each MBO course can be followed in two different learning pathways, called the vocationally educating learning pathway (beroepsopleidende leerweg: BOL) and the vocationally guiding lear

  9. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy and talent…

  10. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  11. Vocation in Theology and Psychology: Conflicting Approaches?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Recent contributions in the fields of psychology, sociology, and theology reveal opposing attitudes about the subject of calling or vocation with regard to one's work. Whereas psychologists have rediscovered the concept, theologians increasingly show reluctance to accept a vocational view of work. In offering an alternative perspective, this…

  12. A Social Neuroscientific Model of Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Sullivan, Brandon A.; Luciana, Monica

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the separate literatures of a neurobiologically based approach system and vocational interests are reviewed and integrated into a social neuroscientific model of the processes underlying interests, based upon the idea of selective approach motivation. The authors propose that vocational interests describe the types of stimuli that…

  13. 20 CFR 638.503 - Vocational training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational training. 638.503 Section 638.503 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.503 Vocational training. (a)...

  14. Agricultural Business Sales and Marketing. Instructor's Guide. Volume 16, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    This curriculum guide, intended for junior and senior students of vocational agriculture, contains nine units designed to develop competencies needed in agribusiness. Each unit contains 3 to 11 lessons on topics that include the nature of agribusiness, human relations in agribusiness, verbal and written communication, selling and salesmanship,…

  15. Agricultural SWOT analysis and wisdom agriculture design of chengdu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Chen, Xiangyu; Du, Shaoming; Yin, Guowei; Yu, Feng; Liu, Guicai; Gong, Jin; Han, Fujun

    2017-08-01

    According to the status of agricultural information, this paper analyzed the advantages, opportunities and challenges of developing wisdom agriculture in Chengdu. By analyzed the local characteristics of Chengdu agriculture, the construction program of Chengdu wisdom agriculture was designed, which was based on the existing agricultural informatization. The positioning and development theme of Chengdu agriculture is leisure agriculture, urban agriculture and quality agriculture.

  16. Some Practical Remedies for Providing Vocational Guidance for Everyone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    After describing some current problems in vocational guidance and summarizing relevant knowledge and theory in the field, this paper presents some practical plans, materials, and ideas for providing more useful vocational assistance to people of all ages. The paper reviews such prominent vocational guidance approaches as vocational information and…

  17. Exploring Vocational Evaluation Practices following Traumatic Brain Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI face many challenges when attempting to return to work (RTW. Vocational evaluation (VE is a systematic process that involves assessment and appraisal of an individual’s current work-related characteristics and abilities. Objective. The aims of this study are to (1 examine demographic and employment characteristics of vocational rehabilitation providers (VRPs, (2 identify the specific evaluation methods that are used in the VE of individuals with TBI, and (3 examine the differences in assessment method practices based upon evaluator assessment preferences. Methods. This exploratory case study used a forty-six-item online survey which was distributed to VRPs. Results. One hundred and nine VRPs accessed the survey. Of these, 74 completed the survey. A majority of respondents were female (79.7%, Caucasian (71.6%, and holding a master’s degree (74.3%, and more than half (56.8% were employed as state vocational rehabilitation counselors (VRCs. In addition, over two-thirds (67.6% were certified rehabilitation counselors (CRCs. Respondents reported using several specific tools and assessments during the VE process. Conclusions. Study findings reveal differences in use of and rationales for specific assessments amongst VRPs. Understanding VRP assessment practices and use of an evidence-based framework for VE following TBI may inform and improve VE practice.

  18. Hands-on creativity in Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    This presentation poses the question: what conception of the phenomenon of creativity is best suited to the field of vocational education? VET (Vocational Education and Training) aims to prepare people for employment in craft and industry. In this field, there is an ever-growing requirement...... for creativity and innovation. In response, it is my concern that an understanding of creativity be developed with vocational education and training in mind. It is not enough to import models from other areas, where the distinction between ideas and production or creativity and execution is often relatively hazy...... and therefore not well suited for VET comprising production, handcraft and industry. In Europe, vocational education schemes are considered the solid base on which almost all kinds of industry and craft depend. If Europe is to retain its innovative capacity, then vocational education, especially the capacity...

  19. Agile Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    German, Senta; Harris, Jim

    2017-01-01

    In this article, the authors argue that the art-historical canon, however it is construed, has little relevance to the selection of objects for museum-based teaching. Their contention is that all objects are fundamentally agile and capable of interrogation from any number of disciplinary standpoints, and that the canon of museum education,…

  20. Students' Meaning-Making and Sense-Making of Vocational Knowledge in Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijlsma, Nienke; Schaap, Harmen; de Bruijn, Elly

    2016-01-01

    Meaning-making and sense-making are generally assumed to be part of students' personal vocational knowledge development, since they contribute to both students' socialisation in a vocation and students' personalisation of concepts, values and beliefs regarding that vocation. However, how students in vocational education acquire meaning and make…

  1. Effective Factors in Achieving Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahereh Sharghi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The indiscriminate use of chemical inputs led to severe degradation of resources in Iran. Therefore, considering the increasing population and growing demand of agricultural products, it seems necessary to achieve a sustainable agriculture. In this study, sustainable agriculture refers to a kind of agriculture which is ecologically appropriate, economically justifiable, and socially desirable. Approach: There were two objectives for this study .The first objective of this study was to identify the effective factors in achieving sustainable agriculture. The second objective was to categorize the effective factors in achieving sustainable agriculture. In this study the Delphi technique has been used. Sustainable agriculture expert researchers of statistical and related issues were 56 scholars selected from the experts in the research centers of Tehran and Yazd provinces. The instruments used in data collection were three series of questionnaires sent to the researchers via email, fax and mail. Results: Findings have shown that the researchers have identified effective factors in achieving sustainable agriculture in Iran as the sections of Infrastructure, policy-making, economy, society, participation, research, extension and education. From the 35 factors exposed to the researchers, the factors of attainment of researches related to sustainable agriculture by agricultural research institutions in Iran, Interaction and participation of researchers, extension educators, farmers and policy-makers of sustainable agriculture, attempt to give priority to those who are the most appropriate from the standpoint of practically creating interactive, logical as well as flexible planning system between different sections dealing with sustainable agriculture have gained the agreement of 100% researchers. Conclusion: The important conclusion is that the communication between extension, farmers and policymaker should be strengthened. So

  2. Research on Development Status and Countermeasures of Agricultural Cleaner Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the study,the connotation and objectives of agricultural cleaner production were introduced firstly,and then the development status of agricultural cleaner production in China was analyzed,and the problems existing in the development of agricultural cleaner production were pointed out.From the strategy of agricultural sustainable development,the necessity and feasibility of implementing agricultural cleaner production in China were discussed.Finally,some related countermeasures were put forward according...

  3. Employing Evidence Evidence: Does it Have a Job in Vocational Libraries?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brad Jones

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective - Evidence-based librarianship (EBL springs ffrom medical and academic origins. As librarians are tertiary educated (only occasionally with supplementary qualifications covering research and statistics EBL has an academic focus. The EBL literature has significant content from school and university perspectives, but has had little, if any, vocational content. This paper suggests a possible Evidence Based Librarianship context for vocational libraries. Methods - A multidisciplinary scan of evidence based literature was undertaken, covering medicine and allied health, librarianship, law, science and education. National and international vocational education developments were examined. The concept and use of evidence in vocational libraries was considered. Results - Library practice can generally benefit from generic empirical science methodologies used elsewhere. Different areas, however, may have different concepts of what constitutes evidence and appropriate methodologies. Libraries also need to reflect the evidence used in their host organisations. The Australian vocational librarian has been functioning in an evidence based educational sector: national, transportable, prescriptive, competancy based and outcomes drived Training Packages. These require a qualitatively different concept of evidence compared to the other educational sectors as they reflect pragmatic, economic, employability outcomes. Conclusions - Vocational and other librarians have been doing research but need to be more systematic about design and analysis. Librarians need to develop 'evidence literacy' as one of their professional evaluation skills. Libraries will need to utilise evidence relevant to their host organisations to esablish and maintain credibility, and in the vocational sector this is set in a competency based framework. Competancy based measures are becoming increasingly relevant in school and university(including medical education.

  4. Study on the Reform of Teaching System and Teaching Content of Chemistry in Agriculture Higher Vocational Colleges%高职农业类专业化学课程教学体系和教学内容改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉梅; 王丽君; 王量

    2015-01-01

    通过近几年来高职农业类专业化学教学内容的研究,构建以未来职业岗位需要的能力为中心的化学课程新体系,满足专业人才培养目标和规格的要求。可供教师在高职化学教学中借鉴此教学体系的构建。%In the paper, the author tries to construct a new chemistry curriculum system which focuses on training students’ professional ability needed in the future to meet the requirements of the target and specifications of professional talents cultivation. This teaching system can be used as reference for chemistry teaching in the higher vocational colleges.

  5. Trusted Objects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CAMPBELL,PHILIP L.; PIERSON,LYNDON G.; WITZKE,EDWARD L.

    1999-10-27

    In the world of computers a trusted object is a collection of possibly-sensitive data and programs that can be allowed to reside and execute on a computer, even on an adversary's machine. Beyond the scope of one computer we believe that network-based agents in high-consequence and highly reliable applications will depend on this approach, and that the basis for such objects is what we call ''faithful execution.''

  6. Object theatre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryöppy, Merja; Heiberg, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    possibilities to emerge. We present a study in which the Object Theatre approach is applied to redesign socially shared everyday products that are located in public places. This project demonstrates how Object Theatre offers a broad perspective form which to explore and present product interactions....... In particular, it emphasises the understanding of a product by relating and changing perspectives, and takes into account context of use and diverse social settings....

  7. The Effects of Vocational High School Teachers' Perceived Trust on Organizational Silence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saglam, Aycan Çiçek

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this research is to reveal the effects of vocational school teachers' perceived organizational trust on organizational silence. For this purpose, at first teachers' perception on sub-dimensions of organizational silence and organizational trust, which are respectively "acquiescent silence," "defensive silence,"…

  8. Effect of Rehabilitation Technology Services on Vocational Rehabilitation Outcomes of Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Chung-Yi; Tansey, Timothy N.; Chan, Fong; Strauser, David; Frain, Michael P.; Arora, Simran

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the effect of rehabilitation technology interventions on the employment or job retention outcomes of individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) served by the state-federal vocational rehabilitation program using a case-control study design. Participants: Data for this study were extracted from the Rehabilitation Services…

  9. Leadership Styles of Lecturer's Technical and Vocational in Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razak, Nur Afifah Binti Abdul; Jaafar, Siti Norain Bt; Hamidon, Nur Izeanty Binti; Zakaria, Normah Binti

    2015-01-01

    Leadership style is a way of using the power of a leader held as a tool to influence the students and to achieve the objectives in the classroom and affect the election approaches in teaching and learning process. The purpose of this research is to study the style of lecturer's leadership in UTHM Technical and Vocational (TVeT). The study focuses…

  10. Vocational Education/JTPA Teamwork: Four Working Co-op Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Neil; Kaleda, Paul

    1986-01-01

    Examines a proposal utilizing a series of models that enable Service Delivery Areas to provide eligible in-school youth with JTPA (Job Partnership Training Act) services through the schools' vocational co-op programs. Describes goals, delivery system, accomplished objectives, and benefits to the student, service delivery area, school district,…

  11. A Conceptual Definition of Vocational Rehabilitation Based on the ICF : building a shared global model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Escorpizo, Reuben; Reneman, Michiel F.; Ekholm, Jan; Fritz, Julie; Krupa, Terry; Marnetoft, Sven-Uno; Maroun, Claude E.; Guzman, Julietta Rodriguez; Suzuki, Yoshiko; Stucki, Gerold; Chan, Chetwyn C. H.

    2011-01-01

    Background The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a conceptual framework and classification system by the World Health Organization (WHO) to understand functioning. The objective of this discussion paper is to offer a conceptual definition for vocational reha

  12. Krachtvoer: Effect evaluation of a Dutch healthful diet promotion curriculum for lower vocational schools

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martens, M.K.; Assema, P. van; Paulussen, T.G.W.M.; Breukelen, G. van; Brug, J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioural effects of a school-based healthful diet promotion intervention implemented in lower vocational schools. Design: A cluster-randomised pre-test-post-test experimental design was used, and data were collected by means of written questionna

  13. On Syllabus Design for the Specialty of Electromechanical Equipment Maintenance and Management in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    We carried out researches on the syllabus design for the specialty of electromechanical equipment maintenance & management in vocational college. Our researches involve the following aspects: (1) The training objective of the specialty; (2) the curriculum system; (3) The teaching methodology; and (4) Field training.

  14. Postconcussive Complaints, Anxiety, and Depression Related to Vocational Outcome in Minor to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Horn, Harm J.; Spikman, Jacoba M.; Jacobs, Bram; van der Naalt, Joukje

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the relation of postconcussive complaints, anxiety, and depression with vocational outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) of various severities and to assess sex differences. Design: A prospective cross-sectional cohort study. Setting: Level I trauma center.

  15. Towards Quality Technical Vocational Education and Training (Tvet) Programmes in Nigeria: Challenges and Improvement Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayonmike, Chinyere Shirley; Okwelle, P. Chijioke; Okeke, Benjamin Chukwumaijem

    2015-01-01

    Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is widely recognized as a vital driving force for the socio-economic growth and technological development of nations. In achieving the goals and objectives of TVET in Nigeria, the quality of the programme needs to be improved and sustained. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the challenges…

  16. Vocational Education and Training and Employer Engagement: An Industry-Led Sectoral System in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Johnny

    2010-01-01

    The overall objective of this paper is to determine, through a qualitative case study of the Dutch sectoral training system, factors associated with successful employer engagement. As well as examining the key features of the Dutch approach to vocational education and training (VET), the article makes a number of specific arguments: (1) employer…

  17. Journal of Integrative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Integrative Agriculture (JIA), formerly Agricultural Sciences in China (ASC), founded in 2002, is an official publication of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). JIA seeks to publish those papers that are influential and will significantly advance scientific understanding in agriculture fields worldwide.

  18. Theme: Agricultural Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeds, Jacquelyn P.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Six theme articles attempt to define and advocate agricultural literacy, review the status of K-8 agricultural literacy programs in states, discuss an Oklahoma study of agricultural literacy, clarify the meaning of sustainable agriculture, and describe the Future Farmers of America's Food for America program for elementary students. (SK)

  19. Sustainable agriculture - selected papers

    OpenAIRE

    Krasowicz, Stanisław; Wrzaszcz, Wioletta; Zegar, Jozef St.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of research on socially sustainable agriculture. Features of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability of private farms in the light of selected criteria. Subsistence agricultural holdings and the sustainable development of agriculture. Sustainable farms in the light of the FADN data. Description of organic holdings in Poland.

  20. Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geophysical methods continue to show great promise for use in agriculture. The term “agricultural geophysics” denotes a subdiscipline of geophysics that is focused only on agricultural applications. The Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics was compiled to include a comprehensive overview of the geoph...

  1. Editorial: Principles of Integrated Agricultural Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapid changes occurring in the agricultural environment are placing increased demands on producers. To respond to these demands, farmers need to manage their systems by reducing risk, while retaining management flexibility. Integrated agricultural systems have the potential to meet these objectives....

  2. Occupational pesticide exposure among Kenyan agricultural workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ohayo-Mitoko, G.J.A.

    1997-01-01

    This study was part of the Kenyan component of a multi-centre epidemiologic survey, the East African Pesticides Project. The general objective was to assess the health hazards posed by pesticide handling, storage and use in agricultural estates and small farms in selected rural agricultural communit

  3. Agricultural Geophysics: Past, present, and future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geophysical methods are becoming an increasingly valuable tool for agricultural applications. Agricultural geophysics investigations are commonly (although certainly not always) focused on delineating small- and/or large-scale objects/features within the soil profile (~ 0 to 2 m depth) over very lar...

  4. On Conquering Psychological Obstacles of Oral English Study in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭辉

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to find better ways to conquer psychological obstacles in oral English learning for vocational college English learners.The approaches are based on the important fact that psychological obstacles have impeded the language learning seriously.This paper describes the status quo of oral English study in vocational colleges,presents the problems existing among college learners,and analyzes them to find subjective and objective reasons.Finally,the analysis of the survey results will help to conquer psychological obstacles of spoken English learning.

  5. Vocational Training in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BALCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available European Union requires some standards in all areas. Today, the importance of training qualified individuals which holds an important place in the development of countries increases and certain standards are adopted creating common European Union tools in the field of vocational and technical education. In this study, vocational education and training policies system and the standards adopted by the European Union are discussed. Furthermore, this study was accepted as a European Union project in 2010 and the results obtained from the Leonardo Da Vinci Life Learning European Union project called “Web Based Basic Vocational Training” between the years 2010-2012 were presented. Since the partners of these projects are Turkey, Spain and Germany, the structure of vocational education, institutions of public and private vocational education and the diplomas and certificates entitled after these educations are included. As Turkey is on its way to become a European Union member, a number of advices are presented for Turkey to reach its destination about vocational education standards that European Union has aimed. The purpose of the study is not only to be a guide for the young who want to get professional training in the countries that are European Union members or candidates about how and where to have education opportunities but also to give a chance for trainers and training managers, participating in vocational training, so as to glimpse different practices from different countries and compare these practices between the countries of European Union and their countries. The study is also very important as it has the opportunities for training managers to see if their countries' vocational education is close enough to vocational education in European Union.

  6. A comparative study of classroom and online distance modes of official vocational education and training.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Vicente López Soblechero

    Full Text Available The study discussed in this paper had two principal objectives. The first was to evaluate the distance model of official vocational education and training offered by means of a virtual learning platform. The second was to establish that both on-site classroom and online distance modes of vocational education and training can be seen as complementary in terms of responding to the majority of modern educational needs. We performed a comparative study using data and results gathered over the course of eleven academic years for 1,133 of our students enrolled in an official vocational education and training program, leading to the awarding of a certificate as an Administrative Management Expert. The classes were offered by the Alfonso de Avellaneda Vocational Education and Training School, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, Spain. We offered classes both in traditional classroom mode and through online distance learning. This paper begins with a descriptive analysis of the variables we studied; inferential statistical techniques are subsequently applied in order to study the relationships that help form the basis for the conclusions reached. This study's results provide evidence that a broad offering of vocational education and training opportunities will facilitate access to such learning for students who require it, regardless of their age, employment status, or personal circumstances, with the online distance mode playing a fundamental role while also yielding results equivalent to those observed for classroom instruction.

  7. A comparative study of classroom and online distance modes of official vocational education and training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López Soblechero, Miguel Vicente; González Gaya, Cristina; Hernández Ramírez, Juan José

    2014-01-01

    The study discussed in this paper had two principal objectives. The first was to evaluate the distance model of official vocational education and training offered by means of a virtual learning platform. The second was to establish that both on-site classroom and online distance modes of vocational education and training can be seen as complementary in terms of responding to the majority of modern educational needs. We performed a comparative study using data and results gathered over the course of eleven academic years for 1,133 of our students enrolled in an official vocational education and training program, leading to the awarding of a certificate as an Administrative Management Expert. The classes were offered by the Alfonso de Avellaneda Vocational Education and Training School, located in the city of Alcalá de Henares near Madrid, Spain. We offered classes both in traditional classroom mode and through online distance learning. This paper begins with a descriptive analysis of the variables we studied; inferential statistical techniques are subsequently applied in order to study the relationships that help form the basis for the conclusions reached. This study's results provide evidence that a broad offering of vocational education and training opportunities will facilitate access to such learning for students who require it, regardless of their age, employment status, or personal circumstances, with the online distance mode playing a fundamental role while also yielding results equivalent to those observed for classroom instruction.

  8. Agricultural Pilot's Audiological Profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foltz, Lucas

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The agricultural airplane pilot are daily exposed to intense noises, being susceptible to the noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL and its auditory and extra auditory effects. Objective: To analyze the audiological profile of this population, verifying the work's influence on its hearing. Method: It was realized a retrospective, individual, observational, and cross-sectional study through the data obtained by means of a questionnaire and audiometric thresholds of 41 agricultural pilots. To the statistical analysis were utilized the chi-square, Spearman, and Wilcoxon tests with significance level of 5%. Results: It was verified that 95,1% of the pilots use PPE ( personal protective equipment during flight and 58,5% have contact with pesticides. More than half of individuals referred to feel auditory and extra auditory symptoms, being the buzz the more frequent (29,1%. It has the occurrence of 29,3% of NIHL suggestive hearing loss and 68,3% of normality, taking this presence of unilateral notch in 24,4% and bilateral notch in 31,7%. It was found correlation statistically significant in the associations between time of service and the average of the acute frequencies in the right ear (p=0038, and in the left ear (p=0,010. It has a statistical tendency in the association between audiometric configuration and contact with pesticides (p=0,088. Conclusion: The hearing loss prevalence in this study was showed high. More than half of the sample has normal audiometric thresholds with notch configuration. Such data lead to the conclusion that the agricultural pilots, even with PPE use, they still suffer with the damages caused by noise, needing best proposals of hearing loss prevention.

  9. Fashion Objects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Bjørn Schiermer

    2009-01-01

    This article attempts to create a framework for understanding modern fashion phenomena on the basis of Durkheim's sociology of religion. It focuses on Durkheim's conception of the relation between the cult and the sacred object, on his notion of 'exteriorisation', and on his theory of the social...... symbol in an attempt to describe the peculiar attraction of the fashion object and its social constitution. However, Durkheim's notions of cult and ritual must undergo profound changes if they are to be used in an analysis of fashion. The article tries to expand the Durkheimian cult, radically enlarging...... it without totally dispersing it; depicting it as held together exclusively by the sheer 'force' of the sacred object. Firstly, the article introduces the themes and problems surrounding Durkheim's conception of the sacred. Next, it briefly sketches an outline of fashion phenomena in Durkheimian categories...

  10. Cost-effectiveness of 40-hour versus 100-hour vocational rehabilitation on work participation for workers on sick leave due to subacute or chronic musculoskeletal pain : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beemster, Timo T.; van Velzen, Judith M.; van Bennekom, Coen A. M.; Frings-Dresen, Monique H. W.; Reneman, Michiel F.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Although vocational rehabilitation is a widely advocated intervention for workers on sick leave due to subacute or chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain, the optimal dosage of effective and cost-effective vocational rehabilitation remains unknown. The objective of this paper is to

  11. Online Web portal of competence-based training opportunities for Organic Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. Thanopoulos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A number of Information and Communication Technology (ICT tools such as web portals, learning portals and course management platforms have been developed and used in order to support EU-funded research and training projects in the area of Organic Agriculture (OA. This tools transfer the technological infrastructure needed in order to facilitate specific tasks, such as the organization of educational, research and information content, like the competences, learning opportunities, certificates and vocational opportunities. This paper presents the case of the CerOrganic Web portal (http://portal.cerorganic.eu, which is used for providing access to resources related to vocational education and training in the context of OA.

  12. Professional Competence and Basic Ability-Oriented Game Theory Analysis of China's Higher Vocational College English Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jian

    2012-01-01

    To strengthen the professional competence and basic ability is the objective requirements of the Chinese higher vocational college English teaching, while the positioning of the teaching objectives is partial to a "prisoner's dilemma" in game situations that any party will result in. To get rid of the "dilemma", we have to…

  13. The "Rubella Bulge" and Vocational Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyks, Hollis W.

    1980-01-01

    The increased numbers and additional handicaps of deaf students born in the 1963-65 rubella epidemic require not more postsecondary programs, but rather strengthened programs and rehabilitation approaches to vocational and independent living skill training. (Author/CL)

  14. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...... training has served as a lever for the gradual expansion of the policy field into both general and higher education and for the establishment of a European discourse on Lifelong Learning. In the article, Ball's concept of "policy as discourse" is used to identify the changing spaces of possibility within...... EC vocational training policy (Ball, What is policy? Texts, trajectories and toolboxes. Discourse, 13(2), 1993)....

  15. Vocational Information-Seeking Behavior: Another View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.

    1984-01-01

    Used an unobtrusive measure to examine vocational information-seeking behavior (VISB) patterns in three groups of noncollege-bound youths (N=95). Results showed no meaningful relationship between VISB and certainty of choice or Holland type. (JAC)

  16. Objective becoming

    CERN Document Server

    Skow, Bradford

    2015-01-01

    Bradford Skow presents an original defense of the 'block universe' theory of time, often said to be a theory according to which time does not pass. Along the way, he provides in-depth discussions of alternative theories of time, including those in which there is 'robust passage' of time or 'objective becoming': presentism, the moving spotlight theory of time, the growing block theory of time, and the 'branching time' theory of time. Skow explains why the moving spotlight theory is the best of these arguments, and rebuts several popular arguments against the thesis that time passes. He surveys the problems that the special theory of relativity has been thought to raise for objective becoming, and suggests ways in which fans of objective becoming may reconcile their view with relativistic physics. The last third of the book aims to clarify and evaluate the argument that we should believe that time passes because, somehow, the passage of time is given to us in experience. He isolates three separate arguments thi...

  17. 高职教师PCK发展的实践研究--以高职教师公开课为例%Practice and Research on the PCK Development of High-er Vocational Teachers:A Case Study on the Open Less-ons of Higher Vocational Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白艳群

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the higher vocational perspective, with the open lessons of higher vocational teachers as the objective of study, this paper explains the meaning of PCK, analyzes the PCK situation of higher vocational teachers in their open lessons, holds that the research on higher vocational teachers' PCK is important, and proposes strategies for the PCK development of higher voca-tional teachers.%本文从高职视角出发,以高职教师的公开课为研究对象,阐述了PCK的内涵,分析了高职教师公开课上的PCK情况,认为高职教师PCK研究具有重要意义,并提出了高职教师PCK发展的策略。

  18. The computer paradigm in vocational guidance

    OpenAIRE

    Fogliatto, Hermelinda

    1999-01-01

    The technological advances in last decades have transformed the external resources of Vocational Counseling, Occupational Information and assessment of clients. Most computer systems follow a behaviorist-cognitive approach. However, the use of vocational counseling software is not exclusive to one conceptual approach. Computers are introduced in education from primary school; counselors and other educators are expected to use those systems. The attitude of counselors ranges from enthusiastic ...

  19. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes...... attempt to summarise the various effects that the colleges have in two relevant figures, namely retention rates of students and employment rates among students who have completed training programmes....

  20. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design proces...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  1. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design process...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  2. EXPERT SYSTEMS - DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE TOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NAN Anca-Petruţa

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Because of the fact that specialty agricultural assistance is not always available when the farmers need it, we identified expert systems as a strong instrument with an extended potential in agriculture. This started to grow in scale recently, including all socially-economic activity fields, having the role of collecting data regarding different aspects from human experts with the purpose of assisting the user in the necessary steps for solving problems, at the performance level of the expert, making his acquired knowledge and experience available. We opted for a general presentation of the expert systems as well as their necessity, because, the solution to develop the agricultural system can come from artificial intelligence by implementing the expert systems in the field of agricultural insurance, promoting existing insurance products, farmers finding options in depending on their necessities and possibilities. The objective of this article consists of collecting data about different aspects about specific areas of interest of agricultural insurance, preparing the database, a conceptual presentation of a pilot version which will become constantly richer depending on the answers received from agricultural producers, with the clearest exposure of knowledgebase possible. We can justify picking this theme with the fact that even while agricultural insurance plays a very important role in agricultural development, the registered result got from them are modest, reason why solutions need to be found in the scope of developing the agricultural sector. The importance of this consists in the proposal of an immediate viable solution to correspond with the current necessities of agricultural producers and in the proposal of an innovative solution, namely the implementation of expert system in agricultural insurance as a way of promoting insurance products. Our research, even though it treats the subject at an conceptual level, it wants to undertake an

  3. Discussion on Foundational Chemistry Curriculum Reform in Higher Vocational Education Based on Action Orientation%基于行动导向的高职《基础化学》课程改革探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝辉

    2015-01-01

    针对目前高职农林专业《基础化学》课程教学的现状,从课程定位、课程目标、课程内容及课程教学资源库建设等方面出发,建立了《基础化学》行动导向的课程体系,并对该课程的实施及其保障机制进行了探讨,取得了很好的教学效果,对高职《基础化学》课程教学质量的提高有一定的借鉴作用。%According to the teaching status of Foundational Chemistry of agriculture and forestry specialty in higher vocational education, a new curriculum system based on action orientation, which included the curriculum orientation, curriculum objectives, curriculum content and the construction of teaching resources library, was established.The implementation of the curriculum and its safeguard mechanism were discussed. Good teaching effects were achieved.It could play a certain reference role for improving the quality of Foundational Chemistry teaching in vocational education.

  4. Regional gray matter correlates of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeder David H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have identified brain areas related to cognitive abilities and personality, respectively. In this exploratory study, we extend the application of modern neuroimaging techniques to another area of individual differences, vocational interests, and relate the results to an earlier study of cognitive abilities salient for vocations. Findings First, we examined the psychometric relationships between vocational interests and abilities in a large sample. The primary relationships between those domains were between Investigative (scientific interests and general intelligence and between Realistic (“blue-collar” interests and spatial ability. Then, using MRI and voxel-based morphometry, we investigated the relationships between regional gray matter volume and vocational interests. Specific clusters of gray matter were found to be correlated with Investigative and Realistic interests. Overlap analyses indicated some common brain areas between the correlates of Investigative interests and general intelligence and between the correlates of Realistic interests and spatial ability. Conclusions Two of six vocational-interest scales show substantial relationships with regional gray matter volume. The overlap between the brain correlates of these scales and cognitive-ability factors suggest there are relationships between individual differences in brain structure and vocations.

  5. The effectiveness of rehabilitation on pain-free farming in agriculture workers with low back pain in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesh, Shankar; Chhabra, Deepak; Kumari, Nitika

    2016-10-17

    Studies have shown that farming is associated with many agricultural workers experiencing low back pain (LBP). The rehabilitation of these workers should facilitate their functioning, activities and level of participation in an adequate way. The objectives of this study were to identify the health components associated with LBP and to evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions in returning agricultural workers with LBP to their vocation using the International Classification of Function (ICF) -based tools. Thirty-one full time agricultural workers from 3 different Indian states were prospectively assessed using the ICF core set for LBP. ICF core sets permitted analysis of limitations of function from both the participant and rehabilitation team's perspectives. Each ICF category was rated using an ICF qualifier. The components identified were linked to the ICF categorical profile and assessment sheet. The clinicians identified the global, service program and cycle goals based on ICF. The participants' functioning was followed over a 4-month period. After intervention, the participants were able to undergo their routine activities without increases in pain. However, on returning to active farming, participants noted few improvements in the components d410 (changing basic body position), d415 (maintaining body position), d430 (lifting and carrying objects), d465 (moving around using equipment), d850 (remunerative employment) and d859 (work and employment, other specified and unspecified). The results of the study conclude that the current interventions for LBP are not effective in returning agriculture workers with LBP in India to pain-free farming. There is an urgent need to individualize the health needs of agriculture workers.

  6. Surviving Objects

    OpenAIRE

    Murjas, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Surviving Objects (2012) is a devised multi-media practice-as-research performance based on extensive interviews conducted with my elderly mother and recorded on a hand-held device. Our conversations concern her experiences as a child refugee following violent deportation by the Soviet Army from Eastern Poland to Siberia (1941), and her subsequent route, via Persia, to a British-run refugee camp in Northern Rhodesia, where she remained for 6 years before arriving in the UK. In order to aid my...

  7. Human Resources Development: Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training. Report VIII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The report presents responses from 57 member States of the International Labor Organization (ILO) to 16 questions as part of the preparation for placing an item entitled "Human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training" on the agenda of the 59th (1974) Session of the ILO Conference. For each of the questions, the question…

  8. Relationship of Vocational Satisfaction to the Correspondence of Job Reinforcement and Vocational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Robert R.; Weiss, David J.

    The Theory of Work Adjustment proposes that vocational satisfaction is a function of the correspondence between the reinforcers in the work environment and the individual's vocational needs. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the means and variances of measures of satisfaction for groups differing in degree of need-reinforcer correspondence.…

  9. Comparison of the Vocational Card Sort, the SDS, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    1979-01-01

    The Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), a combination of a Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and an action plan, was evaluated. High school girls took each of the tests. The VEIK failed to surpass the influence of its components. (Author/BEF)

  10. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  11. Occupational Home Economics. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Accessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains home economics occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in child care, custom sewing, or food service. Access skills are defined as those skills needed to access vocational education…

  12. Student and Parent Images of Vocational Education Offerings: Declining Enrollment in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    To investigate factors that influence a student not to enroll in a high school vocational curriculum, a study sought to determine the following: (1) what relationships exist between the high school students' sex, race, socioeconomic status, and curriculum choice and the students' image of vocational education; and (2) what image of vocational…

  13. Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilboe, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

  14. Studying Girls’ Opportunities to the Variation of the Field in Qom Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Jandaghi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been done to review of the girls’ opportunity to the variation of the field in Qom vocational training branch. The sample consisted of 318 female students of vocational training in the 2010-2011 school years which selected in random, cluster, class and a structured questionnaire was completed by them with 0.78 as reliability coefficient. The study shows that only 33.4 percent of girls in the industry have the opportunity to select their profession. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (38.6 and 28.2 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions on their opportunities. In agricultural field, only 43.4 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the agricultural sector (48.8 and 38.0 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. In service sector, only 51.7 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the service sector (46.5 and 57.2 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Overall, only 9.3% of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (6.1 and 12.5 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Also, the possibility to prepare vocational training students for employment in the labor market, the possibility of the role played by vocational training in providing employment for young people – the influence of the future course for students on course selection – students’ interests in course selection and the possibility of keeping on the education in students interested fields in university are all high

  15. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  16. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  17. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  18. Agriculture: Land Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land Use and agriculture. Information about land use restrictions and incentive programs.Agricultural operations sometimes involve activities regulated by laws designed to protect water supplies, threatened or endangered plants and animals, or wetlands.

  19. Urban Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Margaret

    1991-01-01

    John Bourne High School in Queens, New York, offers an agricultural program enrolling more than 400 students. The curriculum includes agricultural career exploration, plant and animal science, summer land laboratories, and a special education component. (SK)

  20. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban

  1. National Agriculture Imagery Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. A primary goal of the NAIP...

  2. Agriculture: Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Climate change affects agricultural producers because agriculture and fisheries depend on specific climate conditions. Temperature changes can cause crop planting dates to shift. Droughts and floods due to climate change may hinder farming practices.

  3. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  4. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  5. The Natural Reproduction and Economic Reproduction of Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the perspective of Marx’s materialism,the thesis expounds the natural reproduction and economic reproduction of agriculture,and analyzes the relationship between the two production processes.The natural reproduction of agriculture,the contradicted unification of agricultural organism and natural environment,conforms to natural law and has the specific objective environmental requirements.The economic reproduction of agriculture is the process of people’s production and labor which takes keeping the life vitality of agricultural organism as objective,including the reproduction of agricultural productivity and the reproduction of agricultural production relations.The agricultural productivity comprises social productivity and natural productivity.The process of agricultural economic reproduction must conform to the objective natural law and economic law.The relationship of agricultural natural reproduction and economic reproduction is that the agricultural natural reproduction process is intertwined with economic reproduction process;the variation trend of agricultural natural reproduction ability and economic reproduction ability is identical;the agricultural economic reproduction dominates over the natural reproduction.

  6. Innovations in urban agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban agriculture, including food security, income generation and environmental management.

  7. The assessment of labour surplus in agricultural farms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Marcysiak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Polish agriculture is characterised by high labour surplus in agricultural farms. The aim of the study is showing the methods used for assessment of labour surplus in agricultural farms. The assessment was made considering two criteria: objective and subjective.

  8. Objective thermomechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Fülöp, Tamás

    2015-01-01

    An irreversible thermodynamical theory of solids is presented where the kinematic quantities are defined in an automatically objective way. Namely, auxiliary elements like reference frame, reference time and reference configuration are avoided by formulating the motion of the continuum on spacetime directly, utilizing the Weyl-Matolcsi description of spacetime. This restricts the range of definable kinematic quantities heavily. Solids are distinguished from fluids by possessing not only an instantaneous metric tensor but a relaxed metric, too, that represents the natural geometric structure of the solid. The comparison of the instantaneous metric to the relaxed one is the basis of the definition of the elastic state variable, the elastic deformedness tensor. Thermal expansion is conceived as the temperature dependence of the relaxed metric. As opposed to this reversible type of change, plasticity means an irreversible change in the relaxed metric, and is describable via a plastic change rate tensor. The relat...

  9. Connecting Secondary Education to Higher Vocational Education Smoothly and Accelerating the Construction of Modern Vocational Education System%畅通中高职衔接加快建设现代职业教育体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾志刚; 吴建平

    2013-01-01

    畅通中高职教育衔接,促进中高职教育的协调发展,是建设现代职业教育体系基本目标和特定要求。目前,中高职衔接不畅通主要表现在招考渠道不畅通、人才培养目标衔接不畅通、课程体系及教学内容衔接不畅通等方面。应采取有效措施,解决存在的问题,确保中高职教育衔接的畅通。同时,要通过强化政府职责、加强行业指导、创新集团化办学、构建职教和普教的立交桥等举措,建立畅通中高职衔接的长效机制。%Connecting secondary education to higher vocational education smoothly ,promoting secondary and higher vocational education development coordinatly ,is the basic objective and specific requirements of building a modern vocational education system.Currently ,secondary and higher vocational education is not smooth ,recruitment channel is not smooth ,personnel train-ing objectives is not smooth ,curriculum system and teaching content and other aspects are not smooth.We should take effective measures to solve the existing problems ,secondary and higher vocational education to ensure the connection smooth.At the same time ,by strengthening the responsibility of government to strengthen the industry guidance ,innovate group running schools ,build overpasses of vocational education and general education ,establish long -term mechanism in connecting secondary education to higher vocational education smoothly.

  10. The Business English Teaching in Vocational Technology College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2013-01-01

    The vocational business English teaching should adapt to the requirments of enterprise, focus on the practical applica⁃tion of business English, and empolder a teaching mode with vocational characteristics.

  11. Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poor, Charles R.

    1975-01-01

    Reviews historical development of organized vocational rehabilitation programming for the spinal cord injured in the United States. Significant factors that affect vocational rehabilitation outcomes with spinal cord injured persons are listed and discussed. (Author)

  12. Bilingual Vocational Education for Youths with Limited English Proficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Mary Jo

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Bilingual Vocational Education Program for Refugee Youth in Richmond, Virginia. Presents data that support the concept of mainstreaming refugee youth with limited English proficiency into public vocational education programs using the assistance of bilingual aides. (Author)

  13. Effective Management of Wastages in Vocational Education for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gold

    2012-07-26

    Jul 26, 2012 ... Abstract. This paper focused on the management of wastages in vocational Education for sustainable ... A number of strategies were proffered to curb wastages in vocational ..... CHEEBAL Global Prints, Ltd. Offiong A.A., Okon ...

  14. Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice and Postulated Value Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laudeman, Kent A.; Griffeth, Paul

    1978-01-01

    The validity of Holland's vocational personality types and their relationship to value dimensions were examined in light of Holland's theory of vocational choice. The results generally supported Holland's postulated personality typologies and value dimensions. (Author/JKS)

  15. Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice and Postulated Value Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laudeman, Kent A.; Griffeth, Paul

    1978-01-01

    The validity of Holland's vocational personality types and their relationship to value dimensions were examined in light of Holland's theory of vocational choice. The results generally supported Holland's postulated personality typologies and value dimensions. (Author/JKS)

  16. Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ketelaar, Evelien; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Boshuizen, Els

    2012-01-01

    Ketelaar, E., Den Brok, P., Beijaard, D., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2012). Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 64(3), 295-315. doi:10.1080/13636820.2012.691534

  17. Scope of space agriculture research

    OpenAIRE

    Yamashita, Masamichi; Hashimoto, Hirofumi; Tomita-Yokotani, Kaori; Katayama, Naomi; Nose, Akihiro; Takeda, Hiroshi; Mitsuhashi, Jun; Sasaki, Masami; Wada, Hidenori; 山下, 雅道; 橋本, 博文; 富田-横谷, 香織; 片山, 直美; 野瀬, 昭博; 武田, 弘

    2009-01-01

    Engineering target of space agriculture is to create bio-regenerative life support system that enables to send human to distant Mars for astrobiological exploration. Even manned space activities are driven by national prestige, manned Mars exploration might be realized under multinational cooperation and coordination. In such project, commonly shared objective should be defined clearly. Participant member should be complimentary each others in their contribution. They should be equal partner,...

  18. Introduction to Agronomy, Grain Crops, Weeds and Controls. A Learning Activity Pac in Agricultural Education Courses in Wisconsin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Div. of Instructional Services.

    This learning activity pac contains information to help the teachers of high school vocational agriculture in the instructional area of agronomy. Each of the two main sections, grain crops and weeds and controls, includes teacher and student units for the section lessons. Teacher units include special instructions--equipment needed (film…

  19. A Spatial Data Model Desing For The Management Of Agricultural Data (Farmer, Agricultural Land And Agricultural Production)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taşkanat, Talha; İbrahim İnan, Halil

    2016-04-01

    Since the beginning of the 2000s, it has been conducted many projects such as Agricultural Sector Integrated Management Information System, Agriculture Information System, Agricultural Production Registry System and Farmer Registry System by the Turkish Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and the Turkish Statistical Institute in order to establish and manage better agricultural policy and produce better agricultural statistics in Turkey. Yet, it has not been carried out any study for the structuring of a system which can meet the requirements of different institutions and organizations that need similar agricultural data. It has been tried to meet required data only within the frame of the legal regulations from present systems. Whereas the developments in GIS (Geographical Information Systems) and standardization, and Turkey National GIS enterprise in this context necessitate to meet the demands of organizations that use the similar data commonly and to act in terms of a data model logic. In this study, 38 institutions or organization which produce and use agricultural data were detected, that and thanks to survey and interviews undertaken, their needs were tried to be determined. In this study which is financially supported by TUBITAK, it was worked out relationship between farmer, agricultural land and agricultural production data and all of the institutions and organizations in Turkey and in this context, it was worked upon the best detailed and effective possible data model. In the model design, UML which provides object-oriented design was used. In the data model, for the management of spatial data, sub-parcel data model was used. Thanks to this data model, declared and undeclared areas can be detected spatially, and thus declarations can be associated to sub-parcels. Within this framework, it will be able to developed agricultural policies as a result of acquiring more extensive, accurate, spatially manageable and easily updatable farmer and

  20. Theoretical and practical aspects of accounting agricultural land

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryk Galyna Volodymyrivna

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The role of agricultural land as an important object of accounting is showed. The features of agricultural land as the main means of agricultural sector and as a major biological asset are characterized. The state of the current system of synthetic and analytical accounting of agricultural land are reflected, the proposals to adapt this accounting information for management are analyzed. The need of accounting agricultural land to the disclosure of qualitative indicators are established, the possibility and feasibility of tax rules to them are suggested. Directions for improvement of accounting agricultural land to ensure rational land using and uniform taxation.

  1. The Dualism of Asymmetric Information in Agricultural Insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuemei Yang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Asymmetric information objectively exists in the insurance market, especially in agricultural insurance, which has a great impact on the insurance contract and market operation. This paper designs two game models to analyse the dualism of asymmetric information in agricultural insurance and its reasons of forming. We find that, the particularity of agricultural production, the agricultural risk diversification and the benefits’ spillover of the agricultural insurance are the main causes of asymmetric information. Therefore, this paper puts forward that establishment of appropriate agricultural insurance mode, optimization of insurance policy design and increasing investment in science and technology, increasing farmers’ insurance consciousness and establishing supervision system

  2. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  3. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    , about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...... between agricultural science and ethics....

  4. The European Dimensions of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sós Tamás

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research examined the connection between vocational education, training and the world of work, and the social situation in Hungary in a European outlook. The accentual issues of the analysis disclosing the problem are: youth unemployment, the tendencies of secondary vocational education, proportions of enrollment and the features of training tendencies, the growing number of early dropouts, the effect of family background on student performance. This work tried to find the answer to the question: What variations have the changes in the regulations of vocational training, encouraging dual education brought on in the connection between trainers and work places? The research did not prove that the central vocational training system would be more effective than a varied, flexible, permeable, transparent decentralized operation with parts built on each other. The introduction of the complex exam overshadowed the evaluation of the competency areas, and fits less to the modularity of the framework curricula. With the legal regulation of vocational training in force the modular system has become a formality. Taking prior knowledge into account has become more difficult. The efficiency of professional structural decisions is questionable, it has not triggered the extension of employment among career starters, and does not mean a guarantee of finding a job either. Creating the motivation of economic role players may bring on steps forward to take up bigger tasks in vocational training. The research has confirmed the importance of improving the basic competency areas when planning vocational training, of life-long learning, of practice orientation, and also of the continuous connection with the labor market.

  5. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  6. The Analysis of Vocational Aptitude Changing with Age

    OpenAIRE

    Wada, Masayuki; OGAWA, Kazuo; Akagi, Fumio; Osaki, Hirokazu; Kikuchi, Susumu

    1980-01-01

    The assumption that vocational aptitude changed with age and with the kind of occupation was examined from the tendency of the fitted curve for the score of the aptitude test. 9 vocational aptitudes were measured by the general vocational aptitude test by Japan Labor Ministry. Subjects were 382 male workers (design engineers, turners, welders, can manufacturing workers, and crane operators) of from 20 to 59 years old, and 348 male and female students (junior high school, vocational school, an...

  7. Explore the Demand of Agricultural Modernization to Agricultural Special Talents%农业现代化对农业专项人才的需求探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢立峰

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural modernization needs agricultural colleges and universities to train high-quality agricultural technol-ogical innovation. According to modern agricultural demand for talent, agricultural colleges to market-oriented agriculture, for rural economic development and social progress, and constantly deepen educational reform, agricultural modernization cultivate innovative talents. This paper describes the characteristics of agricultural modernization, the characteristics of mod-ern agricultural special talent, a brief analysis of the status of agricultural special talents of vocational education, and then put forward the corresponding change initiatives.%农业现代化建设需要农业院校培养出高素质的农业科技创新人才.根据现代农业对人才的需求,农业院校要面向农业市场,面向农村经济建设和社会进步,不断深化教育教学改革,为农业现代化发展培养创新人才.本文阐述了农业现代化的特点、现代农业专项人才的特点,简要分析了农业专项人才职业教育的现状,进而提出了相应的农业专项人才职业教育的变革举措.

  8. Schools and Work: Developments in Vocational Education. Cassell Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffey, David

    This book assesses the developing vocational functions of schools in Britain, identifies vocational values and policies, and discovers gaps in provision. Chapter 1 gives a summary analysis of school structural and curricular developments between medieval times and the reign of Victoria that were inspired by vocational or economic influences or had…

  9. 20 CFR 229.81 - Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation... Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation. The DIB O/M is not payable for any month in which the disabled employee refuses, without good reason, to accept vocational rehabilitation services...

  10. A Theory-Ridden, Computerless, Impersonal Vocational Guidance System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    Beginning with a brief summary of the need for practical vocational guidance systems, the author explains his Self Directed Search for Educational and Vocational Planning (SDS), which was developed to provide a cheap, practical, vocational guidance system having a high degree of scientific validty and client effectiveness. The SDS is a…

  11. Institutionalization of Higher Vocational Education in China: A Neoinstitutionalist Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Jie

    2013-01-01

    From the perspective of neoinstitutionalism, higher vocational education has become an emerging institution in Chinese society. Its development over three decades entails a trend of institutionalization of higher vocational education. In such a process, higher vocational education is gaining legitimacy and experiencing isomorphic changes. Various…

  12. History of Adult Vocational Education in New Brunswick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton (Canada).

    This paper traces the development of adult vocational education in New Brunswick from its beginning in 1918 to the present. Highlights summarize the adult vocational history before confederation and to World War I, when the first Vocational Education Act was passed in 1918. The paper then summarizes the events of World War I and the Depression…

  13. Vocational Profiles and Internship Quality among Portuguese VET Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamboa, Vitor; Paixão, Maria Paula; de Jesus, Saúl Neves

    2014-01-01

    The provision of workplace-based experiences (internships) is an important component of the training program for students attending vocational education courses. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between internship quality and students vocational development, considering students' vocational profiles, in a sample of 346…

  14. Working Partnerships: A Joint Venture in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    Joint Ventures in Vocational Education projects link participating businesses with secondary vocational programs in a cooperative relationship. These are voluntary arrangements between vocational programs and a public or private sector agency that combine the energies and resources of the partners to enrich various aspects of the vocational…

  15. Recent Research on Labor Market Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    This paper synthesizes the results of recent research on the labor market outcomes associated with participation in secondary vocational education. It is based on 10 studies conducted with national data and reported since passage of the 1976 amendments to the Vocational Education Act of 1963. Despite the problems of analyzing vocational outcomes…

  16. The Vocational Baccalaureate: A Gateway to Higher Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gendron, Benedicte

    2009-01-01

    Access to the baccalaureate and higher education in France has become more democratic. The introduction of the vocational baccalaureate has been part of this process, but remains a modest step forward given the very low take-up of vocational baccalaureate courses. If vocational education pathways in France are to become true gateways to higher…

  17. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  18. The Relative Good of Work: Reconsidering Vocation Eschatologically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vos, Pieter

    2017-01-01

    Vocation, interpreted as the calling of every individual believer to serve God in ordinary life, has been an important feature of Protestantism. However, not only has the notion of vocation gradually disappeared from the late modern understanding of work and profession, the identification of vocation and work has also been criticized by…

  19. Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munley, Patrick H.

    1975-01-01

    Stage resolution attitudes, derived from the first six stage crises outlined by Erikson, were explored as variables influencing problems in vocational choice and vocational maturity. Findings indicated students who made adjusted vocational choices and developed mature career attitudes had also been more successful resolving the first six…

  20. Working Partnerships: A Joint Venture in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    Joint Ventures in Vocational Education projects link participating businesses with secondary vocational programs in a cooperative relationship. These are voluntary arrangements between vocational programs and a public or private sector agency that combine the energies and resources of the partners to enrich various aspects of the vocational…

  1. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  2. Professional Identities of Vocational High School Students and Extracurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, Bilge Aslan; Altintas, Havva Ozge

    2017-01-01

    Vocational high schools are one of the controversial topics, and also the hardly touched fields in educational field. Students' profiles of vocational schools, their visions, and professional identity developments are not frequently reflected in the literature. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to research whether vocational high school…

  3. Financing Technical and Vocational Education: Modalities and Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    German Foundation for International Development (DSE), Bonn (Germany).

    The two papers in this document explain various options and modalities for UNEVOC (International Project on Technical and Vocational Education) Member States' financing of their individual systems of technical and vocational education and disseminating experiences in this area. "Financing Vocational Education and Training in Developing…

  4. The potential of standards-based agriculture biology as an alternative to traditional biology in California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellu, George Sahr

    Over the past five decades, several waves of educational reform have influenced K-12 science course offerings and classroom instruction in public education. The effectiveness of educational policies has been increasingly measured by standardized tests. The focus on test scores, content standards, and performance standards (which is a product of recent educational policies) has influenced course offerings and the depth and breadth of curriculum coverage (Linn, 2000). For the better part of the last hundred years, vocational education and traditional education have followed two separate tracks in terms of objectives, policies, and values (Hillison, 1996). Educational reform policies have had varying influences on school programs. For example, elective courses such as Career Technical Education (CTE) courses---which are not considered core academic courses---have been negatively influenced by current educational reform. In the past three decades, there has been gradual movement toward merging vocational and traditional education. It has been difficult for policies from both sides to merge because of differences in objectives for both tracks. Traditional courses have been guided by federal policies, such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and Common Core State Standards (CCSS) while the Carl D. Perkins Act (Perkins Act) has shaped CTE courses. It appears that several of the requirements of the Perkins Act meet expectations of traditional education policies. However, there is no direct metric for measuring the contribution of CTE courses toward increased achievement in science as measured by standardized tests. As such, CTE courses will continue to lose resources in order to support courses that prepare students for standardized tests. In order to address some of these challenges over the last three decades, agriculture educators have developed integrated science courses as a means for increasing science achievement scores for agriculture education students in K-12 public

  5. The Effects of Vocational Leadership Development for Individuals Who Participated in the Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leimbach, Gale John

    The effects of vocational leadership development were studied for 23 Fellows enrolled in the 1992 Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute (OVELI). A literature review focused on four components: leadership styles, educational leadership development, vocational leadership development, and visionary leadership development. The Leadership…

  6. Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

  7. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE VS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz KUSZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the correlation between the need to modernise agriculture and sustainable development. Modernisation of agriculture aiming only at increasing the efficiency of production, if implemented in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, enabled reduction in the negative external effects. Modernisation of agriculture is supposed to ensure productivity growth without imposing any threats to the natural environment and the well-being of animals, reduced impoverishment in rural areas as well as to ensure food security, growth in the profitability of farms, improvement to the efficiency of use of natural resources. Therefore, in the near future, the agriculture – environment relation will be subject to change taking into account, on the one hand, concern about the natural environment, and, on the other, pressure on increasing the efficiency of production. The above challenges will be addressed by the need to implement efficient and, at the same time, environmentally-friendly production technologies and relevant legal instruments which oblige agricultural producers to protect the natural environment.

  8. "Othering" agricultural biotechnology: Slovenian media representation of agricultural biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajc, Jožica; Erjavec, Karmen

    2014-08-01

    While studies on media representations of agricultural biotechnology mostly analyse media texts, this work is intended to fill a research gap with an analysis of journalistic interpretations of media representations. The purpose of this project was to determine how news media represent agricultural biotechnology and how journalists interpret their own representations. A content and critical discourse analysis of news texts published in the Slovenian media over two years and in-depth interviews with their authors were conducted. News texts results suggest that most of the news posts were "othering" biotechnology and biotechnologists: biotechnology as a science and individual scientists are represented as "they," who are socially irresponsible, ignorant, arrogant, and "our" enemies who produce unnatural processes and work for biotechnology companies, whose greed is destroying people, animals, and the environment. Most journalists consider these representations to be objective because they have published the biotechnologists' opinions, despite their own negative attitudes towards biotechnology.

  9. Vocational and Technical Education Master's Employment-oriented Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋琳

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,as China's rapid economic development,vocational and technical education has been gradually recognized by the society.As highly educated people,vocational and technical education graduate is an important force in the development of vocational education.But in reality,their employment orientation deviate from the trend of the profession and only a small part of them do related work after graducation.Combined with the current development status of vocational education,the article analysis the reasons of this problem and give policy recommendations,so as to create a good environment for vocational and technical education talented people.

  10. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students...... interviews with students from the Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy program and concepts developed by Bernstein and Bourdieu, the article analyzes how these aspects might affect the development of new vocational didactics. We know that it is not easy to change the culture of educational institutions...

  11. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    from backgrounds with no tradition for education. Despite historical changes, the education as vocational college teacher also struggles with the interplay between theory and practice in the program and great diversity among vocational college teachers. Based on empirical data from focus group......A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students......, and the analysis uncovers several factors that are expected to hamper the development processes....

  12. Vocation in theology-based nursing theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundmark, Mikael

    2007-11-01

    By using the concepts of intrinsicality/extrinsicality as analytic tools, the theology-based nursing theories of Ann Bradshaw and Katie Eriksson are analyzed regarding their explicit and/or implicit understanding of vocation as a motivational factor for nursing. The results show that both theories view intrinsic values as guarantees against reducing nursing practice to mechanistic applications of techniques and as being a way of reinforcing a high ethical standard. The theories explicitly (Bradshaw) or implicitly (Eriksson) advocate a vocational understanding of nursing as being essential for nursing theories. Eriksson's theory has a potential for conceptualizing an understanding of extrinsic and intrinsic motivational factors for nursing but one weakness in the theory could be the risk of slipping over to moral judgments where intrinsic factors are valued as being superior to extrinsic. Bradshaw's theory is more complex and explicit in understanding the concept of vocation and is theologically more plausible, although also more confessional.

  13. Vocational Counseling and Training for Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Mercedes Vicente Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Deciding on a university degree is undoubtedly a difficult choice. This situation brings about fear of failing and disappointing yourself and others, which is a common feeling among high school students, becoming a source of anxiety and stress. This demonstrates the need for an appropriate vocational and professional guidance. In Cuba, this subject is gaining importance, since a greater number of youngsters have the opportunity to choose from more professions; thus, deciding on one or the other is a problem of great practical and social impact. Vocational guidance and training in the Cuban educational context aims to reaffirm the inclination of youth towards medical studies, where they fully develop their potential, on the basis of consolidating values and feelings, and a high social, moral and unconditional commitment to the practice of the profession. This paper presents various issues that currently affect vocational guidance and the role of each of the major participants in the process itself.

  14. Wellbeing and smoking at Danish vocational schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Susan; Rod, Morten Hulvej; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    Background School dropout and health risk behavior represent major problems among students attending vocational education in Denmark and many other countries. Modifications to the social environment may promote educational attainment as well as the health and wellbeing of young people. However......, there is a need for more evidence-based intervention programs. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a settings-based intervention (Shaping the Social) at vocational schools on student wellbeing and smoking. Methods We employed a non-randomized controlled trial of 5794 students (mean age 21...... years; 81% male) in 10 (four intervention and six comparison) large vocational schools in Denmark. The intervention integrated social activities with professional learning and focused on four themes: introduction activities; daily class meetings; scheduled breaks; creating a pleasant non-smoking...

  15. Association of burnout with stress, coping strategies and vocational satisfaction in Chilean clinical dental students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Pérez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Dental students are particularly affected by stress, which can lead to ‘burnout syndrome’ by association with other psychological factors. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of perceived stress, coping strategies, and vocational satisfaction on the severity of burnout in Chilean dental students in the clinical years. Method: The study population was comprised of clinical dental students of five Chilean dental schools. The following variables were considered: age, gender, year of study, burnout, coping strategies, perceived stress, and vocational satisfaction. Statistical analysis included descriptive measures, correlation tests, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: The final sample included 244 students. Three (1.23% students did not have burnout in any of its factors and 38 (15.57% had severe levels in all three factors. There was a statistically significant greater ‘emotional exhaustion’ in 4th year students. There was a statistically significant correlation of the three factors of burnout with ‘social withdrawal’ coping strategy, high levels of perceived stress, and low levels of present and future vocational satisfaction. Conclusion: Most students presented moderate and high levels of burnout. This situation is associated with dysfunctional coping strategies, high levels of perceived stress, and low levels of present and future vocational satisfaction.

  16. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  17. Ukraine Agricultural Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The agri-food sector is an important part of the Ukrainian economy. Agriculture could make an even larger contribution to economic growth and the vitality of rural areas in Ukraine than is currently the case. Ukraine has the agro-climatic potential to be a major player on world agricultural markets. Agricultural competitiveness in Ukraine also suffers from inadequate systems to test and do...

  18. Organic Agriculture and Nanotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    Jahanban, Leila; Davari, Mohammadreza

    2014-01-01

    Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. On the other hand, nanotechnology is a rapidly developing domain of research and practice, the terminology is in a state of flux and usage is evolving. Nano-applications are being applied across the entire agriculture and food sectors. In agriculture, for example, nano-pesticides and nano-sensors are changing ...

  19. Financing Sustainable Agriculture Under Climate Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Ji-kun; WANG Yang-jie

    2014-01-01

    Agriculture is facing great challenge in meeting global food security and is expected to face even greater challenge under climate change. The overall goal of this paper is to examine how ifnance can be used to achieve the joint objectives of development, mitigation of and adaptation to climate change in agriculture in developing world based on literature review. The results show that agriculture is much under invested and foreign aid also has not increased appropriately to assist developing countries to maintain sustainable agriculture under climate change. There are a wide range of areas in mitigation of and adaptation to climate change that need substantial investment. Major areas and successful cases mitigation of and adaptation to climate change in agriculture that have worked in developing countries are examined. A list of areas that have worked, could work and be scaled up or transferred is identiifed and discussed. This study concludes that mainstreaming agricultural mitigation and adaptation into agricultural development programs, enhancing local capacity, and considering different stakeholders’ needs are major experiences for successfully ifnancing sustainable agriculture under climate change.

  20. Agriculture - reconciling ancient tensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Atkinson

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making in agriculture has tended to be driven by factors other than environmental concerns. This may be changing, and perhaps the emphases of the two creation accounts in Genesis (responsible management or 'dominion', and active care may become more important. The paper examines a number of current developments in agriculture (synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetic manipulation, and organic versus industrial methodologies and discusses the issues they raise for agricultural productivity and the human communities dependent on farming. The questions raised are complex; we are faced with establishing a new paradigm for agricultural practice.

  1. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...

  2. Malawi - Conservation Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The randomized control trial impact evaluation tests different strategies for communicating information about agricultural technologies to smallholder maize farmers...

  3. Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdo Bašić

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available After becoming self-standing state one of new needs of Croatia important for agricultural profession, farmers, policy makers and public needs was regionalization of agriculture. It is the analyse of state of agroecological conditions in agrosphere and based on results identification and territorial separation of agricultural regions as parts of agrosphere with similar conditions for plant and animal growing and similar farming systems. On this track within a special project we fi nished an inventory of agrosphere, result of which is Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture presented in this paper. Following wise message of old Chinese proverb cited above, the starting approach is the MFCAL concept (Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land, which means that apart from very important and primary economic, agriculture and agricultural land (soil in human life play other roles (functions of similar importance; environmental, social, cultural and spatial, as well as the role of shaping the cultural landscape as a factor of rural development. As well, we respect the point of view prevailing in EU that all natural resources used in agriculture but at the fi rst place soil as a major one, need sustainable use and efficient protection. Using the data on Land resource potential based primarily on data of General Soil Map of Croatia (GSM in a scale of 1:50 000 and results of our research in the period 2000 – 2003, the agrosphere of Croatia is divided in three agricultural regions; Pannonian with four, Mountain with two and Adriatic with three subregions.

  4. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes....... This makes it difficult to compare the resources used, since some programmes by their nature require more classroom time and equipment than others. It is also far from straightforward to compare college effects with respect to grades, since the various programmes apply very different forms of assessment...

  5. Questioning Styles in Vocational College English Classrooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒立志

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of TBLT reform in Higher Vocational Colleges from the perspective of questioning styles.It employs three methods to collect data:classroom observation,semi-structured interviews and focus group discussion with eight English teachers and their 384 non-English major students from three Higher Vocational Colleges in Guangdong.The results indicated that the teachers assigned students different tasks to perform in class.They seemed to be adopting the TBLT approach,but their English classes were not totally different from the teacher-centered grammar-focused lessons,the student-centered or communicative lessons.

  6. Annual National Leadership Development Seminar for State Directors of Vocational Education (4th, Las Vegas, Nev., September 14-17, 1971). Comprehensive Personnel Development for Vocational-Technical Education. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazarian, Edward N., Ed.; Ward, Darrell, L., Ed.

    The proceedings of this seminar, attended by state directors and other leaders in vocational and technical education from 41 states, the District of Columbia, Saipan and Puerto Rico, contain presentations by 18 leaders from industry, government, and education. Specific objectives were to: (1) provide a forum for presentations concerning personnel…

  7. Wildlife Conservation and Management Curriculum Guide for Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness. Vocational Education Research. Bulletin No. 1853.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette.

    This document contains teacher's materials for an 8-unit course in wildlife conservation and management for 11th and 12th graders. The units are as follows: Making Observations and Records of Wildlife; Habitat Analysis and Evaluation; Collection and Preservation of Biological Materials; Wildlife Population Analysis; Identifying and Controlling…

  8. Agricultural uses of waste heat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pile, R.S.; Behrends, L.L.; Burns, E.R.; Maddox, J.J.; Madewell, C.E.; Mays, D.A.; Meriwether, J.

    1977-11-16

    A major concern of the Tennessee Valley Authority is to ensure efficient use of Tennessee Valley resources in achieving optimum economic development without degrading the environment. As part of this effort, TVA is exploring many uses for waste heat. Activities to develop ways to use waste heat in agricultural production are described. Primary objectives are to: (1) identify potential agricultural uses of waste heat, (2) develop and test technologies and management criteria for more productive uses, (3) demonstrate technologies in commercial-scale production facilities, and (4) provide technical assistance for commercial application. Waste heat research and development projects under investigation or being planned by TVA independently or cooperatively include: (1) controlled environment greenhouses, (2) biological ecycling of nutrients from livestock manures, (3) soil heating and irrigation, and (4) environmental control for livestock housing. (MHR)

  9. The effects of school systems, teacher internal characteristics, and students on vocational teacher stress

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    Job stress is a multidimensional phenomenon. The researcher sought to examine variables that cause vocational teachers to experience stress in their teaching occupations and to evaluate the effects of these related stressors. This research evaluated the relationships between school systems and vocational teacher stress, teacher internal characteristics and vocational teacher stress, and students and vocational teacher stress. It also analyzed vocational teacher stre...

  10. Effectiveness of Agricultural Extension Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali AL-Sharafat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Jordans agricultural extension service is seriously under-staffed and its effectiveness is consequently compromised. Reservations are being expressed about the performance and capability of the agricultural extension system in Jordan. The performance of this sector has been disappointing and has failed to transfer agricultural technology to the farmers. The main objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of Jordans agricultural extension services. Approach: The effect of extension services on olive productivity in the study area was investigated. A total number of 60 olive producers were selected to be interviewed for this study. This number was enough to achieve the study objectives. The interviewed producers were distributed almost equally within olive production locations in the study area. The sample obtained through the simple random sampling technique. The two groups had been chosen and distributed randomly into an experimental group (30 farmers; 10 for each source of extension service and control group (30 farmers. The experimental group received extension services and the control group received no extension services. Two interview-cum-structured questionnaires were designed and used to collect information and data for this study. The first instrument was designed for farmers who received extension services and the second from farmers who received no extension services. Another questionnaire was designed for administrators of extension organizations concerned with providing extension services to farmers. To find the differences that may exist between two studied groups, One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA, t-test and LSD test via Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS were used. The average net profit obtained from an area of one dynamo of olive farm was the main item to be considered in determining the effectiveness of agricultural extension activities. Results and Conclusion: The results of

  11. Home Economics Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of home economics education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how…

  12. The Research on the Status, Rehabilitation, Education, Vocational Development, Social Integration and Support Services Related to Intellectual Disability in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Lihui; Qiu, Zhuoying; Wong, Daniel; Hernandez, Lucy Wong; Zhao, Qianlei

    2010-01-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a prevalent form of non-progressive cognitive impairment. The objectives of this articles are: to analyze the changes of ID in China, including its definition, prevalence, rehabilitation, education, vocational development, social life and support services; to review and to compare the issues of intellectual…

  13. An Educational–Vocational Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalervo Friberg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Changes in student-affective entry characteristics were examined in an educational−vocational intervention at Finnish comprehensive school. The conceptual framework constructed from attitudes as learned dispositions (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975 and self-determination (Deci & Ryan, 1985 was tested in a longitudinal study. A person-based survey questionnaire was designed, piloted, and validated. Spearman−Brown reliability was calculated. In the first observation, 669 (Time One Cohort, and in the second, 649 (Time Two Cohort subjects (girls and boys of mean ages of 14.5 and 16.0 years took the Web-based survey. The tested hypotheses were (a variables of self-determination, self-regulation, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation would emerge as attitudinal domains in work−life orientation; (b the experiences during the implementation of a work−life orientation program would decrease the effects of seventh-grade student background factors at the end of the program in the ninth grade, and (c work−life orientation would be effective and have efficacy in changing student attitudes in relation to further education and occupations. Three factors emerged in the Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis. The factors Independence, Self-Direction, and Flexibility were used as the dependents in repeated measures in a general linear model. The factor means were subjected to a paired samples t test. There was development toward stronger Independence and Flexibility in the case of both genders. The boys had gained the girls’ seventh-grade lead at the end of the program. Self-Direction did not show any changes. Empirical findings tentatively supported the program’s efficacy in changing entry characteristics.

  14. ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENCY OF INVESTMENT IN THE EU AGRICULTURAL FUNDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Krstić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is understanding of the importance of financial support for agricultural development and achieved results. The aim is an assessment of the importance of the European Union funds intended for agricultural and rural development. In accordance with the purpose and objectives of the research, we analyze the efficiency of investment in the European Union agricultural funds. Also, the interdependence between agriculture expenditures from the European Union funds and results achieved in agriculture in the European Union countries is examined in this paper. Homogeneity of the European Union countries, according to agricultural expenditures and agricultural results is analyzed. The results of this research highlight the importance of financial support provided from the European Union funds for agricultural and rural development.

  15. The Urban Agriculture Circle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, J.E.; Chambers, Joe; Sabas, Eva; Veen, E.J.

    2015-01-01

    The lack of inclusion of urban agriculture in city planning directly affects the success of initiatives in this sector, which subsequently could impede fu-ture innovations. The poor representation of urban agriculture in planning can be attributed to a lack of understanding about its multi-functiona

  16. Agricultural Technology Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Board of Education, Raleigh. Agricultural Technology Education Section.

    Agricultural education programs available through North Carolina's newly created system of industrial education center, technical institutes, and community colleges are described. The information is for use by administrators, and teachers of adult agricultural courses and counselors of high school dropouts and graduates. It describes the need for…

  17. Legislature Abolishes Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      China's 2,600-year-old agricultural tax will be rescinded as of Jan. 1,2006, after China's top legislature voted on December 27 to adopt a motion on the regulations revoking the agricultural tax.……

  18. Good Wetland Agricultural Practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hengsdijk, H.; Zingstra, H.L.

    2009-01-01

    Within the Guiding Agriculture Wetland Interaction (GAWI) project the Driver!Pressure!State! Impact!Response (DPSIR) approach has been adopted to describe and analyse agriculture!wetland interactions. The DPSIR approach provides a consistent framework to analyse the complex causal chain among

  19. Agricultural lung diseases.

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkhorn, S R; Garry, V F

    2000-01-01

    Agriculture is considered one of the most hazardous occupations. Organic dusts and toxic gases constitute some of the most common and potentially disabling occupational and environmental hazards. The changing patterns of agriculture have paradoxically contributed to both improved working conditions and increased exposure to respiratory hazards. Animal confinement operations with increasing animal density, particularly swine confinement, have contributed significantly to increased intensity an...

  20. Biomass Resources: Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluts, Ingeborg N.; Brinkman, Marnix L. J.; de Jong, Sierk A.; Junginger, H. Martin

    2017-01-01

    Bioenergy is the single largest source of renewable energy in the European Union (EU-28); of this, 14% was produced from agricultural feedstocks in 2012. This chapter provides an overview of the current use (for bioenergy) and future potential of agricultural feedstocks for (amongst others)

  1. Conservation Agriculture in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á. Kertész

    2014-03-01

    Yield performance and stability, operating costs, environmental policies and programs of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP, and climate change will likely be the major driving forces defining the direction and for the extension of CA in Europe. The role of agriculture in climate change mitigation in the EU is discussed in the paper.

  2. Theme: Marketing Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staller, Bernie L.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Consists of six articles on marketing agricultural education. Topics include (1) being consumer conscious, (2) cooperating with agribusiness, (3) preparing students for postsecondary education, (4) allowing concurrent enrollments, (5) saving the failing agricultural program, and (6) refocusing the curriculum toward agrimarketing. (CH)

  3. Theme: Urban Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellibee, Margaret; And Others

    1990-01-01

    On the theme of secondary agricultural education in urban areas, this issue includes articles on opportunities, future directions, and implications for the profession; creative supervised experiences for horticulture students; floral marketing, multicultural education; and cultural diversity in urban agricultural education. (JOW)

  4. Driving Web 2.0 Tool Adoption in Agricultural Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantina Costopouloul

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The new opportunities for collaboration, participatory content creation and communication offered through the advancements of Web 2.0, such as social networking, blogs, wikis, video sharing and other, are creating new learning models. In turn, tutors cannot ignore this trend and have to bear the responsibility of incorporating Web 2.0 tools in formal, informal, work-based and vocational education and approach their students in a very familiar and favourable way. In this context, this paper tries to highlight the need for enhancing tutors’ skills and drive Web 2.0 tool adoption in educational practice. Thus, it draws upon the successful example of a European project regarding agricultural tutors’ training on Web 2.0 tools. The challenge for all agricultural tutors is how to integrate Web 2.0 tools into current curricula and education.

  5. Formative Evaluation of English in Vocational Colleges from a Humanis-tic Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Hui

    2016-01-01

    The existing summative evaluation method cannot reveal all the relevant facts about students’learning, potentially leading students to only pay attention to memorizing fragmented language knowledge instead of improving their communicative competence. Therefore, the formative evaluation method should be used to supplement the current summative evaluation meth-od in College English teaching in vocational institutes. When using formative evaluation, plans and objectives need to be de-signed, tools for evaluation selected, information collected regularly, and plans adjusted accordingly.

  6. Vocational trainees’ views and experiences regarding the learning and teaching of communication skills in general practice

    OpenAIRE

    Van Nuland, Marc; Thijs, Gaby; Royen, Paul,; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goedhuys, Jo

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To explore the views and experiences of general practice (GP) vocational trainees regarding communication skills (CS) and the teaching and learning of these skills. METHODS: A purposive sample of second and third (final) year GP trainees took part in six focus group (FG) discussions. Transcripts were coded and analysed in accordance with a grounded theory approach by two investigators using Alas-ti software. Finally results were triangulated by means of semi-structured telephone in...

  7. Validation of the ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation from the perspective of patients with spinal cord injury using focus groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiachini, Beatrice; Cremascoli, Sonia; Escorpizo, Reuben; Pistarini, Caterina

    2016-01-01

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation is an application of the ICF of the World Health Organization with the purpose of identifying problems and resources relevant for people in a vocational rehabilitation given a health condition. The objective of the study was to validate the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation from the perspective of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). The specific aims were to explore the aspects of functioning and health important to patients with SCI regarding return to work and to examine to what extent these aspects are represented by the current version of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation. Focus group interviews were conducted. The sampling of patients followed the maximum variation strategy. Sample size satisfied saturation criterion. The focus groups were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. The meaning condensation procedure was used for the data analysis. After qualitative data analysis, the resulting concepts were linked to ICF categories according to established linking rules. Twenty-four SCI patients participated in seven focus groups. Sixty-three ICF categories out of 90 ICF categories contained in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation were reported by the patients. Forty-two additional categories that are not covered in the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation were found but adding the health condition-specific ICF Core Set for SCI in long-term context, only 11 categories were not covered. The existing version of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation was confirmed almost entirely by the focus groups to explore the vocational situation of patients with SCI. Implications for Rehabilitation Validation of the ICF Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation as a useful tool to facilitate social reintegration and rehabilitation of patients

  8. Study Weariness of Vocational College Students and Reform of the Teaching Mode in Nursing Basic Technology Course☆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei-Cheng Cai; Hai-Fang Xi

    2015-01-01

    Objective: As part of an investigation and analysis of the study weariness of nursing vocational college students, the authors attempted to reform the teaching mode of a Nursing Basic Technolo-gy course to solve the problem of study weariness in vocational college students. Methods: The authors designed student questionnaires to investigate study weariness in 128 nurs-ing vocational college students. Results: Of the 128 students, 58 were tired of study, accounting for 45. 3%; 40 students often had weariness, accounting for 31. 3%; and 71 students had moderate or severe weariness, accounting for 55. 5%. Seventy-five students played on their mobile phone when they were tired of studying. Conclusions: The study weariness of vocational college students is a common phenomenon that has been developing rapidly. There are many factors that cause study weariness of professional college students. The students believe that the traditional teaching method is the main reason for study weariness. Reform of the teaching mode in a Nursing Basic Technology course effectively solved the learning problems of vocational college students. Teaching experiments for reform may have marked effects, and they are worthy of promoting.

  9. Study Weariness of Vocational College Students and Reform of the Teaching Mode in Nursing Basic Technology Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei-Cheng Cai; Hai-Fang Xi

    2015-01-01

    Objective:As part of an investigation and analysis of the study weariness of nursing vocational college students,the authors attempted to reform the teaching mode of a Nursing Basic Technology course to solve the problem of study weariness in vocational college students.Methods:The authors designed student questionnaires to investigate study weariness in 128 nursing vocational college students.Results:Of the 128 students,58 were tired of study,accounting for 45.3%;40 students often had weariness,accounting for 31.3%;and 71 students had moderate or severe weariness,accounting for 55.5%.Seventy-five students played on their mobile phone when they were tired of studying.Conclusions:The study weariness of vocational college students is a common phenomenon that has been developing rapidly.There are many factors that cause study weariness of professional college students.The students believe that the traditional teaching method is the main reason for study weariness.Reform of the teaching mode in a Nursing Basic Technology course effectively solved the learning problems of vocational college students.Teaching experiments for reform may have marked effects,and they are worthy of promoting.

  10. Identifying International Agricultural Concepts for Secondary Agricultural Education Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conner, Nathan W.; Gates, Hailey; Stripling, Christopher T.

    2017-01-01

    The globalization of the agriculture industry has created an emerging need for agricultural education in the United States to take a more globalized approach to prepare students for future careers in agriculture. The purpose of this study was to identify international agricultural concepts for secondary agricultural education curriculum. A Delphi…

  11. The Reorganization of Agricultural Extension Toward Sustainable Agricultural Development in Eastern Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jadalla. A. E. Omar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The specific objectives of Sustainable agricultural development are to enhance food security; to increase productivity and competitiveness of the sector; to deepen linkages with other sectors; to create new sources of growth for the sector; and to conserve and utilize natural resources in a sustainable basis. The agricultural extension services can play a crucial role in providing this network of information on sustainable agricultural education. Thus, the role of agricultural extension is very important to support Sustainable agricultural development which is moving from production to a wider set of sustainability and environmental objectives may need to change their extension approach. To fulfill this objective, a sample of 46 Managers, Deputy Directors, respondents was selected through simple of sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research .A questionnaire was used to collect the data and Analysis of descriptive statistics. Results: According to factor analysis, the implications for sustainable agricultural development were categorized into two groups consisting: (a The Decentralization (b The Pluralism. That decentralization is high with Delegate the local committees (local leaders, farmers’ organizations and agricultural credit organizations for the dissemination of sustainable agricultural development programs and for the collection of taxes and financial charges from the farmers due to the extension services and loans of 67.4�0.While 69.6 �0of Managers and Deputy Directors mentioned that high performance of Pluralism is Providing training for farmers organizations’ staff. To achieve this participation, extension organizations would need to formally of decentralization and Pluralism or transfer the control of specific program planning and management functions to the system levels of local Agricultural extension, Private sector organizations, Farmers organizations and Education organizations where

  12. Study on Building the Practical Teaching Objective System of Ideological and Political Theory Course in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校思想政治理论课实践教学目标体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧勇芬

    2012-01-01

    The practical teaching objective system is the core and key of the practical teaching system in ideological and political theory course. To set the goal of the practical teaching system in ideological and political theory course,it must fit and meet the double needs,social development and student's individual development. The practical teaching objective of the ideological and political theory course is a collection. From the space point,it is hierarchical and multidimensional for it consists of five objec- tives, psychological quality objective, moral quality objective, ideological quality objective, political quality objective and profes- sional quality objective;and from time point,it is sequential and phased for it is formed by the immediate term objective,medium term objective and long--term objective and they are followed by progression.%构建高职院校思想政治理论课实践教学目标体系,必须适应和满足社会发展及学生个体发展的双重需要。高职院校思想政治理论课实践教学目标体系是一个集合体,从空间上看,由心理素质目标、道德素质目标、思想素质目标、政治素质目标和职业素质目标构成,具有层次性和多维性;从时间上看,由依次递进的近期目标、中期目标和远期目标构成,具有顺序性争阶段性。

  13. Perspectives on Vocational Behavior, 1986: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaney, Robert B.; Russell, Joyce E. A.

    1987-01-01

    Based on perspectives of counseling psychology and industrial/organizational psychology, this article reviews publications relevant to vocational behavior that appeared during 1986. Of the over 700 articles and 70 books or book chapters located, slightly less than one-half are reviewed. (Author/NB)

  14. Global Reconstructions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avis, James

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, the author examines the wider context within which vocational education and training (VET) is set and the surrounding debates. He considers the prominence of neoliberalism and notions of competitiveness, crisis, skill and knowledge. Despite differences between systems of VET with respect to their reach…

  15. John Holland's Vocational Typology and Personality Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Robert; Blake, Rex

    1999-01-01

    The literature provides evidence of links between measures of personality and vocational interests as theorized by Holland. Personality and interest assessments offer critical information for predicting career success. Personality assessment reflects the individual viewed by an observer and interest measurement reflects the individual's…

  16. Diagnostic Scheme for Specifying Vocational Assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    The validity of some theoretically-derived vocational diagnostic signs was examined to learn if a person's self-knowledge, occupational knowledge, and decision-making ability were predictable. Diverse samples of high school juniors (N = 1005), college juniors (N = 692), and employed adults (N = 140) were administered the Self-Directed Search (the…

  17. Vocational Rehabilitation for Women with Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stace, Sheila

    1987-01-01

    Women with disabilities have limited access to the labor market owing to the double disadvantage of being both disabled and female. The current rehabilitation system is inadequate to meet this population's needs. Further research, broader action programs, changes in vocational rehabilitation, and active measures against discrimination are needed.…

  18. Achieving Sex Equity via Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetsch, David L.; Gulledge, Earl N.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the women's rights movement and discusses the evolution of society's attitudes toward women. Discusses the goals and methods of Okaloosa-Walton Junior College Sex Equity Plan, a vocational education program for achieving sex equity. Highlights five major components: education, student recruitment, self-paced, self-directed instruction, job…

  19. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  20. Evaluating Vocational Programs: A Three Dimensional Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Sharaf N.; Nejad, Mahmoud

    The traditional methods of assessing the academic programs in the liberal arts are inappropriate for evaluating vocational and technical programs. In traditional academic disciplines, assessment of instruction is conducted in two fashions: student evaluation at the end of a course and institutional assessment of its goals and mission. Because of…