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Sample records for vocational agriculture courses-ornamental

  1. Factors Concerning Students' Perceptions of Teaching Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, W. Wade; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the degree to which high school senior vocational agriculture students perceived vocational agriculture teachers' roles and responsibilities as encouraging or discouraging them to pursue a career in agricultural education. (JOW)

  2. Agribusiness Management. The Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    These materials in agribusiness management for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum were designed for use in the following areas: Animal Science; Plant Science; Agricultural Mechanics; and Natural Resources and Aquaculture. Each unit of this competency-based guide contains title of unit, unit length, grade level, objectives, teacher…

  3. Should I Take French, Physics, or Vocational Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, William; Goecker, Allan

    1974-01-01

    Studies at the Purdue School of Agriculture indicated students who had completed high school vocational agriculture were more likely to complete requirements for a baccalaureate degree in agriculture than those not having vocational agriculture. Agriculture college-bound students should emphasize agriculture, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and…

  4. High Technology in the Vocational Agriculture Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, William G.

    While many aspects of high technology may be directly applicable in the vocational agricultural classroom, the primary thrust of high technology into such programs, at least in the short range, will be centered around the microcomputer. Because of its cost and availability, the microcomputer will continue to play an ever increasing role in…

  5. Mathematics in agriculture and vocational education for agricultures

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents some of the results from a research study about mathematics in agriculture and agricultural education. The purpose of the study is to investigate the role of mathematics as a professional knowledge, and how to organize vocational secondary school education so that students receive the math knowledge and skills they need for their future profession. The study is done from a curricula theoretical perspective with concepts from Bernstein (2000). The re...

  6. Congressional District Schools: Forerunner of Federally Supported Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillison, John

    1989-01-01

    Before the Smith-Hughes Act, Congressional district agricultural schools in Alabama, Georgia, and Virginia provided an early example of federal support for vocational agriculture. Although agricultural instruction was included, these schools were in reality comprehensive high schools that set precedents for subsequent agricultural curricula. (SK)

  7. Experimental Evaluation of Field Trips on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaslin, Norval L.

    To determine the effect of field trips on student achievement in each of four subject matter areas in vocational agriculture, 12 schools offering approved programs were randomly selected and divided into a treatment group and a control group. Uniform teaching outlines and reference materials were provided to each group. While no field trips were…

  8. Energy and Agriculture. A Basic Core Curriculum for Teaching Energy to Vocational Agriculture Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James; French, Byron

    This core curriculum contains five units of material for teaching energy to vocational agriculture students. Energy uses and the benefits of energy conservation are covered in a unit on the impact of energy on agriculture. Discussed next are tractor performance and Nebraska tractor test data for selecting and evaluating tractors for maximum fuel…

  9. Agricultural Mechanics--A Stimulus to Vocational Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almazan, Isais, Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Through the study of agricultural mechanics or farm shop, students are able to discover their mechanical aptitudes and also develop a sense of satisfaction that comes with the experience of personal accomplishments at the Victoria-Stroman High School. Adults are encouraged to participate in the Specialist Program which is sponsored by the…

  10. Education, Employment and Income of High School Vocational Agriculture Graduates. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quesada, R. M.; Seaver, S. K.

    In order to evaluate vocational agriculture education in 21 Connecticut high schools for the purposes of developing or updating curriculums, this study intended to: (1) determine employment rates of vocational agriculture graduates in agricultural areas, (2) determine post-secondary educational attainment levels, (3) determine variables affecting…

  11. Corn Production. A Unit for Teachers of Vocational Agriculture. Production Agriculture Curriculum Materials Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.

    Designed to provide instructional materials for use by vocational agriculture teachers, this unit contains nine lessons based upon competencies needed to maximize profits in corn production. The lessons cover opportunities for growing corn; seed selection; seedbed preparation; planting methods and practices; fertilizer rates and application;…

  12. Breeding Livestock. A Unit for Teachers of Vocational Agriculture. Production Agriculture Curriculum Materials Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryan, Robert C.

    Designed to provide instructional materials for use by vocational agriculture teachers, this unit on breeding livestock contains materials for use in teaching the importance of breeding, the physiology of livestock breeding, reproductive processes, sire selection, and breeding systems. Lessons on each of these competencies contain the following:…

  13. Research and Practice of Agricultural Vocational Colleges in Serving Entrepreneurial Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; LIU; Lijun; DING; Zhi; WU

    2013-01-01

    As the vocational colleges shoulder the responsibilities of personnel training, scientific research and the social services, the agricultural vocational colleges, undertake the responsibilities of supporting "three agriculture" and speeding up the new countryside construction. Therefore, agricultural vocational colleges shall take the responsibility of providing the employment training to returned migrant workers is the obligation of agricultural vocational colleges and they are bound to be the camp for providing entrepreneurship training to returned farmers. Relying on its own characteristics and research strengths, the Jiangsu Animal Husbandry & Veterinary College has conducted rewarding research and practices on carrying out entrepreneurship training for farmers.

  14. A Study of Factors Associated with the Vocational Development of High School Agricultural Occupations Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byler, Bennie L.; Hemp, Paul E.

    Among the most crucial problems facing young people today are decisions in the process of vocational development. This study was designed to determine if there are differences in certain aspects of vocational development among the groups of high school agriculture students who plan to enter on-farm agricultural occupations, those who plan to enter…

  15. An Experimental Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Selected Techniques and Resources on Instruction in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahler, Alan A.

    The study was designed to test new instructional techniques in vocational agriculture, determine their effectiveness on student achievement, and compare individual and group instructional techniques. Forty-eight randomly selected Iowa high school vocational agriculture programs with enrollments of 35 students or more, were selected for testing the…

  16. Identifying and Validating Essential Job Entry Level Competencies for Vocational Agriculture in Wyoming. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Carl L.; Durkee, James R.

    This document reports on a project designed to identify and validate the essential competencies needed by agriculture students in order to enter and advance successfully in agricultural occupations in Wyoming. Competency lists and validation studies were collected from other states. A group of vocational agriculture teachers developed a list of…

  17. INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE, A RESEARCH REPORT OF A GRADUATE STUDY. RESEARCH SERIES IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BENDER, RALPH E.; STARLING, JOHN T.

    TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN OHIO HIGH SCHOOLS, 15 PILOT SCHOOLS AND 8 CONTROL SCHOOLS WERE STUDIED. PRETESTS ADMINISTERED TO STUDENTS IN OCTOBER 1963 WERE AN AGRICULTURAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST, A BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES TEST, THE CALIFORNIA SHORT-FORM TEST OF MENTAL…

  18. Modeling Intention to Use Information Technology (IT Among Agricultural Teachers in Agricultural Vocational Schools in Kurdistan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Sulaimany

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available : The purpose of this descriptive – co-relational study was to determine factors influencing intention to use IT among agricultural vocational teachers using Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB in Kurdistan province. Data was collected using researcher-made questionnaire. The validity was confirmed using a panel of experts and reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha yielding 0.7 for all sections. The population consisted of agricultural vocational teachers in Kurdistan province (N =71. All teachers participated in the study. Regression analysis revealed that self-efficacy, subjective norms, and attitude towards using IT explained 58% variance in intention to use IT. The result of this study has implications for agricultural vocational system in Kurdistan province in that attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy should be further enhanced if teachers are to continue using IT in their educational activities.

  19. A SUMMARY OF STUDIES IN ACHIEVEMENT OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE GRADUATES IN COLLEGE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MCCLELLAND, JOHN B.

    TWENTY-SEVEN STUDIES ARE INCLUDED IN THIS SYNTHESIS OF RESEARCH ON THE APPROPRIATENESS OF HIGH SCHOOL VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE STUDENTS GOING ON TO AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES. MOST OF THE STUDIES INVOLVED STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE TREATMENT. THE STUDIES ARE ORGANIZED INTO SECTIONS--(1) COMPREHENSIVE, (2) ACHIEVEMENT IN LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES, (3)…

  20. Program and Curriculum Guide for Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness in South Dakota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Dakota State Univ., Brookings. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    The guide is designed for use by agricultural instructors, administrators, supervisors, school boards, and others who are involved in planning instructional programs for vocational agriculture/agribusiness education in high schools and adult education. Part 1 details information pertaining to the administrative aspects of program development,…

  1. Record Book for Supervised Occupational Experience Programs in Vocational Agriculture Placement. Missouri Agricultural Education Series, Volume 11, Number 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    Copies of twelve recordkeeping forms are provided in this record book designed for use by vocational agriculture students in a supervised occupational experience program (SOEP). The forms are organized into three sections: (1) receipts and expenditures (money received, money paid out, cash flow, financial statement, and profit and loss statement);…

  2. CURRICULUM MATERIALS, DESCRIPTION AND PRICE LIST OF MATERIALS DEVELOPED BY THE OHIO VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CURRICULUM MATERIALS SERVICE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio Vocational Agriculture Instructional Materials Service, Columbus.

    PAMPHLETS, SLIDES, TAPES, MANUALS, AND AN EXAMINATION ARE INCLUDED IN THIS CATALOG OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR USE BY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS IN HIGH SCHOOL AND ADULT FARMER PROGRAMS. THE MATERIALS WERE DEVELOPED BY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS, CURRICULUM SPECIALISTS, TECHNICAL SPECIALISTS, AND AUDIOVISUAL PERSONNEL AND ARE…

  3. Educational Reform in Management Courses of Agricultural & Forestry Higher Vocational Schools from the Perspective of Microblog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liuhe; JIN

    2014-01-01

    At present there are many socialized microblog platforms.With powerful mobility,real-time information,fragment of information dissemination,and innovation of interaction,the microblog has become a socialized interaction mode in recent years.Since microblog is very popular with students of agricultural and forestry higher vocational schools,with the rising and development of network education,the microblog as a new information platform will be used by more and more teachers in education.From the perspective of microblog,this paper studied educational reform in management courses of agricultural and forestry higher vocational schools,in the hope of providing certain reference and help for current education practice of agricultural and forestry management courses.

  4. Status of Teaching Pre-Vocational Subjects in the Junior Secondary School Level (Agricultural Science and Home Economics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndem, J. U.; Akubue, B. N.

    2016-01-01

    This work assessed the status of teaching pre-vocational subjects in junior secondary school level. The study adopted descriptive survey method. The population of the study was 2,916, while the sample for the study was 215 pre-vocational teachers and agricultural science and home economics students. The study was carried out in Afikpo Education…

  5. Mr. Vo-Ag Teacher--I Am Different:--An Analysis of Agribusiness Students In Vocational Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, John F.

    1972-01-01

    Sharp differences have been found between students in farm and non-farm vocational agriculture programs, and student's place of residence appears to be the most critical variable in designing agribusiness programs. (SB)

  6. The Mode Reform of Cultivating Marketing Talents in Agricultural Vocational Colleges Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Enterprises——A Case Study of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We conduct survey on the characteristics of demand of agricultural enterprises for agricultural marketing talents from the following 6 aspects:the professional marketing talents needed urgently by the agricultural enterprises,the amount of demand of agricultural enterprises for the marketing talents,the jobs offered by the agricultural enterprises,the educational background of agricultural marketing talents favored by the agricultural enterprises,the requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the work experience of agricultural marketing talents,and the quality requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the agricultural marketing talents.We analyse the problems existing in the cultivation mode of marketing talents in agricultural vocational colleges as follows:the feature of major is not outstanding;the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent;it is disconnected with the practical needs of agricultural enterprises;the cultivation form of practical ability is simple.On the basis of this,taking Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology as an example,we advance the new mode of cultivating inter-disciplinary talents integrating "marketing technique+technique marketing",and establish characteristic agricultural course combo system on the basis of vocational position orientation.In the meantime,we propose that we should conduct close college-enterprise cooperation with the local leading agricultural enterprises.This cultivation mode reform of talents is favorable for the agricultural enterprises,especially small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises to foster "marketable" agricultural marketing talents,elevate the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises,serve the local economy,and promote the development of modern agriculture,and China’s agriculture,farmer,and countryside.

  7. An Identification and Analysis of the Existing Needs for Teacher Aides in Programs of Vocational Education in Agriculture and a Suggested Program for Teacher Aide Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durkee, James R.

    This study identified and analyzed the various aspects of the responsibilities and education of teacher aides assigned to work in programs of agricultural vocational education. Vocational agricultural teachers, high school administrators, and state supervisors of agricultural education in the United States were surveyed to obtain information on…

  8. Vocational Education in Life Science, Recreation and Agriculture; Course Options and Suggested Courses of Study for New Hampshire High Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Hampshire Agricultural Teachers' Association.

    Developed by teacher educators in cooperation with state supervisors of agricultural education, this curriculum guide is for use by teachers, teacher educators, guidance departments, and school administrators. The 4-year curriculum was designed for vocational agriculture students in grades nine through 12 interested in occupations in production…

  9. A DETERMINATION OF NEEDED ADJUSTMENTS AND EXTENSIONS IN THE CURRICULAR PATTERNS OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN AGRICULTURE. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAYLOR, ROBERT E.

    TO MORE EFFECTIVELY MEET PREPARATORY TRAINING NEEDS IN NONFARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, THE ADJUSTMENTS AND EXTENSIONS NEEDED IN HIGH SCHOOL AND POST-HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULAR PATTERNS OF AGRICULTURAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION WERE IDENTIFIED. COMMITTEE MEETINGS, AREA SEMINARS, AND A NATIONAL CONFERENCE WERE CALLED WHICH SUMMARIZED, INTERPRETED, AND…

  10. EXPECTATIONS OF SELECTED ASPECTS OF A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE PROGRAM AS EXPRESSED AT THE LOCAL SCHOOL LEVEL IN NEW YORK STATE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HERNDON, LEO PRICE

    A MAIL SURVEY WAS USED TO DETERMINE (1) WHAT KEY LOCAL PEOPLE FELT SHOULD CONSTITUTE SELECTED ASPECTS OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, YOUNG FARMERS, ADULT FARMERS, AND RELATED AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS, AND (2) WHETHER DIFFERENCES IN MEANS OF AGREEMENT WERE AFFECTED BY CLASS GROUPING, ENROLLMENT SIZE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT, AND…

  11. A Study of the Self-Perceived Teaching Effectiveness of Female and Male Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness Teachers in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Susan Fayette

    The self-perceived teaching effectiveness of female and male vocational agriculture/agribusiness teachers in the United States was studied. The population for the study consisted of all female teachers of vocational agriculture/agribusiness in the United States (325) and an equal number of randomly selected male teachers of vocational…

  12. Agricultural Pesticides. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Kenneth M.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The proper use of agricultural pesticides is the major emphasis on the unit of instruction developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer and adult farmer classes. Seven lessons are included in the unit covering topical areas related to the utilization of pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, and the…

  13. Agricultural Education. Missouri's Show-Me Standards and Vocational Education Competencies. Cross Reference. Main Report [and] Mini Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    These two documents deal with the relationship between Missouri's Show-Me Standards (the standards defining what all Missouri students should know upon graduation from high school) with the vocational competencies taught in secondary-level agricultural education courses. The first document, which is a database documenting the common ground that…

  14. Prospects for China's Rural Vocational Education and the Role of Higher Agricultural Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganzi, Peng; Xianguang, Liu

    The 1980s saw significant development in China's rural vocational education and the continuation of some problems. Most Chinese secondary (92 percent) and postsecondary (82 percent) students are educated in the countryside. However, only 60 percent of vocational high school students are educated there. There is insufficient enrollment at many…

  15. Status and Importance/Support for Supervised Occupational Experience Programs (SOEP) as Perceived by New York Vocational Agriculture Teachers and Their Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkey, Arthur L.; Sutphin, H. Dean

    A study examined the status of agricultural supervised occupational experience programs (SOEP) in the state of New York and also the attitudes of agricultural teachers and their building administrators toward SOEP. Two separate survey instruments were used to gather data for the study--one survey was mailed to 333 secondary vocational agriculture…

  16. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  17. Thoughts on the Development Trend of Modern Agriculture and Agricultural Vocational Education%关于现代农业发展趋势与农业职业教育的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦; 何荣誉; 刘芳

    2014-01-01

    现代农业发展离不开农业职业教育,农业职业教育必须面向现代农业发展。文章通过详细分析湖南现代农业的发展趋势,指出培养技术技能型人才、造就新型职业农民是现代农业职业教育面临的新任务,并对农业职业教育如何服务现代农业提出了建议。%The development of modern agriculture cannot do without agriculture vocational education, and agricultural voca-tional education must meet the needs of the development of modern agriculture.Through detailed analysis of Hunan modern agri-cultural development trend, this paper points out that the training of technical talents, and cultivating the new type professional farmers is a new task for modern agriculture vocational education, and it also puts forward suggestions to agricultural occupation education on how to service modern agriculture .

  18. Technologies of the '80s: Their Impact on Vocational Agriculture Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaffe, J. A., Ed.; And Others

    This report is one of seven that identify major new and emerging technological advances expected to influence major vocational education program areas and to describe the programmatic implications in terms of skill-knowledge requirements, occupations most directly affected, and the anticipated diffusion rate. Chapter 1 considers technology as…

  19. An Evaluation of Farm Management and Agricultural Marketing Microcomputer-Assisted Instruction in Training Vocational Agriculture Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trede, Larry D.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    A study found that there is a significant difference in student achievement when teaching farm management and agricultural marketing concepts and problem solving with microcomputer-assisted instruction as compared to the lecture-discussion teaching method; and that there is little difference in achievement when comparing teachers' knowledge and…

  20. Problems Existing in Agricultural Vocational Education and Its Countermeasures in Liaoning%辽宁农业职业教育存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董宁

    2015-01-01

    Looking from education background of vocational technology in Liaoning, the agricultural vocational education is weak. In the article, it analyzed the main problems existing in agricultural vocational education in Liaoning from the aspects of enrollment, funding, teaching and production practice, professional setting, teaching staff and teaching material, and raised related countermeasures, in order to promote the development of agricultural vocational education in Liaoning.%从辽宁职业技术教育大背景看,农业职业技术教育仍属薄弱环节。从招生、资金、教学与生产实践、专业设置、师资队伍、教材等方面,深入分析辽宁农业职业教育存在的主要问题,并提出相应的对策,为促进辽宁农业职业教育更好发展提供参考。

  1. The Study on Integration of Vocational Education BetweenNiddle and High Vocational School in Management of Agricultural Economy%农业经济管理专业中高职教育衔接研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国政; 姜桂娟; 李春青

    2014-01-01

    In practice, the integration vocational education between middle and high vocational school has signifi-cance for training the new rural construction and modern agricultural management applied professionals. This article will be analyzed the management of agricultural economy a few problems and puts forward some policy Suggestions in integration vocational education between middle and high vocational school.%实行中、高职专业教育衔接贯通,搭建现代农经专业人才培养中高职直通式立交桥,对于培养新农村建设与现代农业管理应用性专业人才具有重要意义。本文分析了农业经济管理专业中高职教育衔接贯通存在的几个问题,并提出了相应的政策建议。

  2. Science IA (Agriscience). A Science Credit for Agriculture: Integrating Academic and Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel C.

    Because college-bound students often had trouble fitting agricultural education courses into their schedules, and because science teachers rejected the idea of giving a science credit for 2 years of agricultural education, a new integrated course was created in Tennessee. It is now called Science IA (Agriscience). It is taught by a teacher with an…

  3. Vocational Agriculture Training Program: Safe Tractor and Farm Machinery Operation. Special Paper No. 8. Second Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobbitt, Frank; Doss, Howard

    The publication was prepared for the United States Office of Education for use by teachers who direct agricultural training programs in safe tractor operation and safe farm machinery operation that comply with the United States Department of Labor regulations on hazardous occupations in agriculture. Upon successful completion of these training…

  4. Technical Update for Vocational Agriculture Teachers in Secondary Schools. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    A project provided ongoing opportunities for teachers in Iowa to upgrade their expertise in agribusiness management using new technology; production, processing, and marketing agricultural products; biotechnology in agriculture; and conservation of natural resources. The project also modeled effective teaching methods and strategies. Project…

  5. The Agricultural Vocational Education in Germany and its Implication to China%德国农业职业教育的特点及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海峰

    2012-01-01

    This paper is aimed at exploring the agricultural vocational education in Germany and its implication to China.The agricultural vocational education in Germany has contributed to the success of German agricultural undertakings through training a large number of high-quality 'agricultural workers'.The German agricultural vocational education is offered at three levels: primary training,continuous education and in-service education.It is characterized by specialized management,practical talent training,legalized working credentials,teachers' authentication and standardized quality appraisal system.Compared with German education,problems can be identified in Chinese agricultural vocational education,whose solution can be obtained through drawing on the German experience.%德国农业职业教育培养了大批高素质"农业工人",造就了高度发达的德国农业。德国农业职业教育分为初级培训、继续教育、在职教育三个层次,其特点是管理组织专业化、人才培养实用化、从业资格法律化、师资认证严格化、质量体系评价标准化。相比较中国的农业职业教育还存在一些问题,因此可以借鉴德国的成功经验进行改革。

  6. Fuels and Lubricants. An Instructional Unit for High School Teachers of Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowder, John; Carpenter, Bruce

    Designed as a 2-week course of study in the agricultural mechanics curriculum to be taught at the junior and senior high school level, unit on fuels and lubricants is divided into eight major performance objectives. Each objective is subdivided into the areas of content, suggested teaching and learning activities, resources, and evaluation. Topics…

  7. Lesson Plans for Teaching Basic Vocational Agriculture. Section III. Introduction to Soil Management and Classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCully, James S., Jr., Comp.

    This publication, one of five sections, was developed for use in first and second year basic agriculture courses in secondary schools in Mississippi. The five lessons focus on the measurement and description of property and the classification of land. The purposes of the lessons are to (1) introduce the units and methods used to measure distance…

  8. Opportunities and Ideas of Vocational Education in Agriculture from the View of Modern Agriculture%现代农业视角下农业职业教育的机遇与思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦; 单武雄

    2014-01-01

    At first, it described the developing situation of modern agriculture in Hunan province simply. Then, it indicated that the development of agriculture industry and its related industries turned into a new period, in which it should change the mode of production, rely on advancement of agricultural technology and improvement of agricultural labor’s quality, enhance the efficiency of agricultural production. Therefore, in order to meet the developing requirements of modern agriculture, the vocational education in agriculture faces some new opportunities, such as requiring great number of new type agricultural professional, adjusting structure of agriculture related majors, etc.. In the end, it put forward some suggestions for developing vocational education in agriculture in next stage, including establishing a concept of service for development of modern agriculture, constructing vocational education system in modern agriculture, strengthening adjustment of structure for agriculture related majors and training talents, increasing training degree for new type of professional farmers.%简要阐述了湖南省现代农业的发展形势,指出农业行业及相关产业的发展进入了转变生产方式,依靠农业技术进步和提高农业劳动者素质,提升农业生产效率的时期。为适应现代农业发展需要,农业职业教育发展面临新型农业职业人才需求量大、涉农专业结构调整等新机遇。据此,提出下一阶段的农业职业教育发展应树立服务现代农业发展的理念,构建现代农业职业教育体系,加强涉农专业结构调整和人才培养,加大新型职业农民培训力度。

  9. Thoughts on Deepening Integration of Production and Education in Agricultural Vocational Colleges%农业职业院校深化产教融合的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴薇; 王云江

    2014-01-01

    The integration of production and education as well as school-enterprise cooperation is one of the most important parts of vocational education, and also the core mission and direction of vocational college school-running. Through the analysis of the current situation that domestic and foreign vocational education deepen the integration of production and education, and the under⁃standing of this problem in agricultural vocational colleges, the paper puts forward that the integration mode should take school-en⁃terprise cooperation as the key point, talents training as the backing, and school and enterprise achieving win-win as the goal to pro⁃mote reform of agricultural professional talents training mode and optimize training approach and improve students’skills and em⁃ployment ability.%产教融合、校企合作是职业教育最重要的环节之一,也是职业院校办学的核心使命和办学方向。通过对国内外职业教育深化产教融合现状分析,以及对农业职业院校深化产教融合的认识,提出农业职业院校产教融合模式应以校企合作为重点,以人才培养为依托,以校企双赢为目标,推进涉农专业人才培养模式改革和培养途径优化,切实提高学生的技能水平和就业质量。

  10. Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA Agriculture Resource Directory offers comprehensive, easy-to-understand information about environmental stewardship on farms and ranches; commonsense, flexible approaches that are both environmentally protective and agriculturally sound.

  11. Leadership and Personal Development Abilities Possessed by High School Seniors Who Are Members in Superior and Non-Superior FFA Chapters, and by Seniors Who Were Never Enrolled in Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, S. Clifton; Newcomb, L. H.

    1984-01-01

    A study of the leadership and personal development abilities of four groups of high school seniors, some of whom were members of Future Farmers of America (FFA) and some who were never enrolled in vocational agriculture, found that FFA involvement resulted in more leadership abilities. (JOW)

  12. Research on the Path to the Services of Libraries of Agricultural Vocational Colleges to"Agriculture, Rural Area and Farmers"%农业高职院校图书馆服务“三农”路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀; 周继; 朱敏; 赵红杰

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the advantages of libraries of agricultural vocational colleges in serving"Agriculture, Rural Area and Farmers" and puts forward feasible path to this goal, namely, enhancing the construction of information resources in agriculture, equipping agricultural technical personnel with knowledge of information retrieval, carrying out farming-skill training programs in the countryside, providing farmers with multi-level consulting service and popularizing the information of new technology and new achievements.%分析了农业高职院校图书馆服务“三农”的优势,提出了农业高职院校图书馆为“三农”服务的路径:加强农业信息资源建设;为农技人员开展信息检索和知识培训;送科技下乡;开展多层次咨询服务;做好新技术、新成果的信息推广。

  13. 高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学改革研究%Study on Curriculum Teaching Reform of Agricultural Products Futures Trading in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭礼

    2016-01-01

    《农产品期货交易》课程是一个新兴和热门的课程,具有很强的学习意义与实用价值。文章首先阐述农产品期货人才知识构成及需求特点以及对《农产品期货交易》课程进行概述,然后分析了当前高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学存在的主要问题,最后提出了高职院校《农产品期货交易》课程教学改革的建议,希望能为该课程的高职教学改革提供一些参考。%The rapid development of agricultural products futures for higher vocational agricultural products futures education provides opportunities for development.The agricultural products futures trading is a new and popular course,has a strong learning significance and practical value.Article firstly in this paper,the agricultural products futures talents knowledge structure and demand characteristics as well as to the “law of produce futures trading”course are summarized,and then analyzes the current higher vocational colleges of agricultural products futures trading,main problems of curriculum teaching,and finally puts forward the higher vocational colleges of the curriculum teaching reform in agricultural futures trading advice,hoping to provide some references for the curriculum of higher vocational teaching reform.

  14. Research on Strategies of the Development of Rural Vocational Education Under the Perspective of Agriculture,Rural Areas and Peasantry%“三农”视域下农村职业教育发展策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓华

    2013-01-01

    “三农”问题的难以解决,从另一个侧面反映了农村职业教育的落后与服务“三农”能力的低下。农村职业教育要树立大职业教育观,把自身发展放在城乡一体化的大背景下去思考,明确服务“三农”的办学宗旨,提升服务“三农”的办学能力,完善服务“三农”的内容体系,从而实现农村职业教育的健康、可持续发展。%Issues concerning on agriculture ,rural areas and peasantry are difficult to solve ,reflected on the other side of the backward of rural vocational education and its low capability to service agriculture ,rural areas and peasantry .Rural vocational education need to establish the sense of high vo-cational education ,put thought of the development of the rural vocational education into the background of the integration of urban and rural areas ,by clearing the educational mission to service for agriculture , rural areas and peasantry ,improving the educational capability to service for agriculture ,rural areas and peasantry ,completing the service for content system of agriculture , rural areas and peasantry , to promote its health and sustainable development .

  15. 区域性农业中职院校内涵式发展路径选择——以宁夏农业学校为例%The Choice of Approaches to the Connotative Development of Regional Agricultural Vocational Schools: A Case Study of Ningxia Agricultural Vocation School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁金英

    2011-01-01

    内涵式发展是区域性农业中职院校做大做强的必由之路,必须从科学确定办学定位、切实稳定办学规模、不断提高办学质量和加强师资队伍建设等方面入手,在为地方新农村建设和现代农业发展培养好大量实用型、技能型人才的同时,同步实现院校自身的改革发展。%The connotative development is an approach indispensable to building effective schools of agricultural vocation.The connotative development must involve the reform of the school operation in its efforts to train the practical,skillful talents for local rural construction through the proper positioning of school as an institute of vocational education,the stabilization of school size,the improvement of education quality and the upgrading of professional qualification and teaching performance of staff.

  16. Agricultural Vocational Education Development Research under the Background of Modern Agriculture--Take Hu'nan Province as an example%现代农业背景下的农业职业教育发展研究--以湖南省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗迈钦

    2014-01-01

    This paper through the development of modern agriculture situation in Hunan Province, looking for development opportunities under the background of modern agricultural development of vocational education, professional development of Hunan agricultural proposed tasks and requirements.%文章通过对湖南省现代农业发展形势分析,寻找现代农业发展背景下职业教育的发展机遇,提出了湖南农业职业发展的任务和要求。

  17. 江苏农业高等职业教育生源危机与对策探究%Study on the Crisis and Countermeasures of Agricultural Vocational Education Student’s Source in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智水; 顾卫兵

    2013-01-01

    In Jiangsu province, the decreasing number of high school education enrollment and the students in school, as well as the implementation of vocational colleges enrollment system, brings about the crisis that the number and quality of students of agricultural higher vocational education is declining, which has become a hot is-sues with social common concern. Based on the analysis of performance of student source crisis, and the positive and negative factors the crisis brings to Agricultural Higher Vocational Education, the article rationally put forward specific, practical and operational countermeasures.%江苏高中阶段教育招生人数和在校生人数的逐年减少,以及江苏在高职院校中开始实施的注册入学制度,对弱质性的农业高等职业教育的发展造成的生源数量减少和生源质量下降的危机,已成为全社会共同关注的热点问题。通过对生源危机的表现、生源危机对江苏农业高等职业教育带来的正反两方面影响因素的分析,理性地提出了具体、实用、具有可操作性的对策建议。

  18. Discussion on Training of the Agricultural Product Broker in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校培养新型农产品经纪人探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐明

    2015-01-01

    高职院校在服务社会领域可以发挥师资队伍、专业课程、实训平台、校企合作等资源优势,为“互联网+”时代的新型农产品经纪人提供电子商务、连锁经营及物流配送、法律政策、外语等实用技能培训,提供农产品交易线上线下营销策划推广及展会服务。同时,高职院校在发挥服务社会功能过程中,教学科研方向与产业实践紧密结合,在产业实践的引领推动下,人才培养整体水准得以提升。%Higher vocational colleges can make full use of their advantages in faculties,specialized courses, training platform and the cooperation between colleges and the enterprises. Furthermore,they provide practi⁃cal skills training for new agricultural product brokers in the Internet+era on some aspects,such as e-com⁃merce,chain operations and logistics distribution,laws and policies,foreign languages;they offer exhibition services as well as marketing planning and promotion of online and offline commodities trading. At the same time,in the course of social service,the subjects of teaching and scientific research should be com⁃bined with industry practice,which may promote the overall level of talent training.

  19. 提高农业中专学校养蚕学实践教学的对策%Strategies of Improving the Practice Teaching of "Sericultural Science" in Secondary Agricultural Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦茁萍

    2012-01-01

    To cultivate high-quality entrepreneurial sericulture professional and technical personnel,is the important content in the teaching of agricultural occupational college.Through the analysis of the existing problems in practice teaching of "Sericultural Science" in agricultural secondary school,this paper explores the countermeasures of improving the practice teaching of "Sericultural Science" in secondary agricultural vocational school.%为社会培养高素质的创业型蚕桑专业技术人才,是农业职业院校教学的重要内容。通过分析农业中专学校养蚕学实践教学存在问题,探讨提高农业中专学校养蚕学实践教学的对策。

  20. Innovative Programs in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Developmental programs resulting from the increased emphasis on off-farm agricultural occupations and considered innovative by state wupervisors of agricultural education are described: (1) 17 high school vocational agriculture programs in horticulture, agricultural mechanics, forestry and conservation, agriculture and distribution, cooperative…

  1. "互联网+"背景下农业职业教育教学改革研究%Study on the Agricultural Vocational Education Teaching Reform under the Background of "The Internet Plus"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国胜; 沈杨

    2015-01-01

    农业从业人员的需求以及现代农业生产模式的变化,给传统农业的转型带来了挑战和机遇. 现有的农业职业教育模式不适应"互联网+"时代农业产业转型的要求,教学方法无法适应学生发展的需求,教学平台建设难以支撑教学改革的需求. 基于目前农业职业教育的现状,从转变教学观念与推进自主学习,优化专业结构与更新教学内容,创新教学模式与改进教学方法,加强实践体验与创新创业能力培养,改造提升实训基地与建设虚拟仿真实训平台等几个方面提出"互联网+"背景下农业职业教育教学改革的基本路径,全面提升人才培养质量.%The demand of agricultural professionals and the change of modern agricultural production pattern have brought challenges and opportunities to the transformation of traditional agriculture. The existing model of agricultural vocational education is not suited to the requirements of transition of agricultural industry, neither is the existing method of teaching suited to the need of students' development, and the existing construction of teaching platform is difficult to support the need of teaching reform under the background of "The Internet Plus". Based on the current status of agricultural vocational education, we discussed from the aspects of chan-ging teaching ideas and promoting independent learning, optimizing the structure of specialty and updating course content, innovating teaching mode and improving teaching methods, strengthening practical experience and inno-vating the ability of innovation and entrepreneurship, transforming and upgrading practical training base and con-structing virtual simulation training platform, and put forward the basic path of implementing agricultural voca-tional education teaching reform under the background of "The Internet Plus", which will contribute to cultiva-ting more high-level new professional farmers complied with the "The Internet Plus

  2. Reformation of talent cultivating mode of automobile specialty in agricultural vocational college%农业职业院校汽车专业人才培养模式改革探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔勇

    2014-01-01

    农业职业院校是培养农业人才的摇篮,培养的汽车专业人才应能满足新形势下农业产业和农村市场的需求。目前农业职业院校汽车人才的培养模式存在着定位不明确,缺少农业特色等问题。为适应新形势下的农业产业,农业职业院校应对现有的教学模式进行改革,培养适应农业发展的汽车专业人才。%Agricultural vocational college is the cradle to cultivate agricultural talent. The automobile professional learning here should meet the demand of agricultural industry and rural market existing in the new circumstances. Nowadays the unclear orientation and shortage of agricultural characteristics should be improved in the cultivating mode of automobile talent in the college. In order to ift the agricultural industry in the new circumstances, the college should reform the existing teaching mode so as to provide the society with the automobile professional adapting to the agricultural development.

  3. 高等农业职业教育发展的问题与对策——基于江苏的思考%Higher Agricultural Vocational Education Development: Problem- solution Discussion Based on Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱其志; 臧大存; 董海燕; 张小华

    2012-01-01

    More high quality and skilled agricultural talents are needed for the modernization of agriculture, whose cultivation depends on the healthy and sustainable development of higher agricultural vocational education. Based on the analysis on the current situation of Jiangsu higher agricultural vocational education, this study offered the measures and paths for its improvement: placing more emphasis and input to HAVE and producing stronger education attraction for the public, vitalizing the college operation through optimizing the specialty setup and improving practical training and publicly releasing the achievement of comprehensive reform demonstration zone construction of HAVE.%农业现代化需要更多的高素质技能型农业专门人才,这离不开高等农业职业教育的健康、持续发展。基于江苏高等农业职业教育发展现状,加强高等农业职业教育发展的途径和举措在于:加大投入,重视高等农业职业教育,进一步增强办学吸引力;优化专业结构,改善实习实训条件,进一步增强办学活力;加强宣传,开展高等农业职业教育综合改革示范区建设,进一步提高办学水平。

  4. Thinkings on Hunan Agricultural Higher Vocational Education from the Perspective of Constructing Beautiful Countryside%美丽乡村建设视角下的湖南农业高职教育思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚琼湘; 单武雄; 朱巽

    2013-01-01

    The construction of beautiful countryside is an important part of "Four-modernization and Two-oriented"strategy in Hunan. As the major force of cultivating builders of beautiful countryside, Hunan agricultural higher vocational education should initiatively adapt the construction of beautiful countryside, make a clear orientation, reform the talents cultivation model, deepen the major reformation and curriculum system reformation, proactively concern students' career development and foster beautiful countryside builders with high qualities, so as to increase the attraction of Hunan agricultural higher vocational education.%美丽乡村建设是湖南“四化两型”战略的重要内容,作为培养美丽乡村建设者的主要力量,湖南农业高职教育应主动适应美丽乡村建设,明确湖南农业高职教育定位;改革人才培养模式,深化专业改革和课程体系改革;主动关注学生的职业发展,培养高素质的美丽乡村建设接班人,增强湖南农业高职教育的吸引力。

  5. On Cultural Strategies for Serving"Three Rural Issues"in Agricultural Vocational College%试论农业高职学院为“三农”服务的文化策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴学军

    2011-01-01

    According to the trio-dimension conception of culture in the cultural anthropological research,the social service function of agricultural vocational college,a relatively independent cultural system,is characterized by hierarchy and graduality.From the dimensions of material,institution and spirit,the paper discussed the social service function of agricultural vocational college and proposed three cultural strategies for serving "Three Rural Issues",namely,acculturation-mergence strategy,integration-promotion strategy and innovation-leading strategy.%根据文化人类学对文化的三分传统,农业高职学院作为一个相对独立的文化体系,其社会服务职能具有层次性和渐进性。从"物质"、"制度"和"精神"三维度对农业高职学院服务职能进行探讨,可以总结出农业高职学院为"三农"服务的三大文化策略,即"适应-融入"策略、"整合-提升"策略和"创新-引领"策略。

  6. Relationship of Perceived Sex Bias and the Decision of Women to Teach Production Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ries, Ann E.; McCracken, J. David

    A study sought to determine whether the perception of sex bias influences a woman's decision to teach vocational agriculture. Separate questionnaires were administered to female secondary vocational agriculture students, female university students enrolled in agricultural education, and female vocational agriculture teachers. Each of the…

  7. Urban Agriculture Program Planning Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemp, Paul E.; Ethridge, Jim

    Urban agriculture may be defined as those areas of agriculture that are practiced in metropolitan settings, plus knowledge and skills in agricultural subject areas which lead to vocational proficiency and improved quality of life or effective citizenship. Agriculture areas that are especially significant in urban settings include ornamental…

  8. Improving the Quality Control and Evaluation Mechanism to Boost Quality of 'reaching of Agricultural Vocational College%建全质量监控评价机制提高农职院校育人质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李克俭; 司文会

    2012-01-01

    The training of a large number of employment-oriented high-quality and higil-skilled entrepreneurial talents in agricultural production front-fine is the fundamental task of the agricultural vocational colleges. Significance of comprehensively promote the implementation of the teaching quality monitoring and evaluation mechanism was analyzed. It was pointed out this mechanism should be constructed and improved. Corresponding measures were put forward, such as strengthening the construction of manager teams and creating harmony circumstance, etc. This will supply reference for further strengthening the construction of quality management system of modern agricultural vocational education.%以就业为导向,培养大批高素质、高技能创业型农业生产一线人才,是农业高职院校的根本任务。文章分析了全面推进和实施教学质量监控与评价机制的意义,指出了要建立健全高职院校教学质量监控与评价机制,并提出了相应的有效措施,如加强质量监控与评价管理者队伍建设、营造监控评价的和谐氛围等,以期为进一步加强现代农业高等职业教育质量管理体系建设提供参考。

  9. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for Poverty ... with a population of 140 million people is battling with food insecurity, poverty and youth ... in education curricula, agricultural education and the rural poor was discussed.

  10. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  11. 农业高职院校校企合作人才培养模式的实践研究%Practical Research on University-enterprise Cooperation Personnel Training Mode of Agricultural Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永梅; 马兰

    2013-01-01

    University-enterprise cooperation and work-integrated learning mode was an effective way to cultivate high-quality skilled talents ,through long-term and effective cooperation ,the high quality education resources of vocational colleges and material resources of enterprises could be make a full use ,and achieved multiple purpo-ses and mutual benefits .The significance ,targets and implementing methods of university-enterprise coopera-tion and work-integrated learning personnel training mode were discussed for agricultural vocational colleges , and the final results were reviewed briefly .%校企合作工学结合是培养高素质技能型人才的一条有效途径,通过学校和企业长期有效的合作,可以使高职院校的优质教育资源与企业的物质资源得到充分利用,在社会上形成一举多得、互利共赢的局面。该文探讨了农业高职院校校企合作、工学结合人才培养模式的意义、目标及实施办法,并对最终效果进行了简要阐述。

  12. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  13. Agricultural Education Curricula in the Middle School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rexrode, Carl L.

    1980-01-01

    Defining the terms middle school and curriculum, the author then gives suggestions for planning the agricultural education curriculum for middle schools. Important responsibilities of the vocational agriculture teacher are discussed. (SK)

  14. 服务三农背景下农村职业学校发展存在的问题及策略初探——来自X职业学校的案例研究%Problems and Strategies of Vocational Education in Rural Area under the Background of Service for "Rural area,Agriculture and Farmer"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建梁; 魏体丽

    2012-01-01

    Vocational education in rural area is the focus of vocational education development of China, but the main body of the vocational education vocational school still confront with many difficulties which confined it' s service for "rural area ,agriculture and farmer" . This paper will find out the problems of vocational school in ru- ral area through ?empirical research in a vocational school named X of rural area. The problems are : the fund are too low ,and it' s improper for use ; the recruit became difficult gradually; the subjects setting is not scientific; the teachers are not excellent enough; graduates' employment has not a high quality. To solve these problems , the researcher gave some suggestions as follows: the responsibility of the government should be enforced to transfer the fund from province government to the vocational school; subjects setting should be scientific and proper ; vocation- al education should be more attractive to solve the problem of recruitment; teacher quality should be increased.%农村职业教育是我国当前职业教育发展的重点,但农村职业教育的主体——农村职业学校还面临着这样那样的困难,严重制约着服务三农作用的发挥。通过对X职业学校的实地调研,探索农村职业学校存在的问题,并针对这些问题提出促进农村职业学校发展的相应策略。

  15. Route Analysis of Vocational Education Connection under the Background of Agricultural Industry Transformation and Upgrading in Zhejiang%浙江省农业产业转型升级背景下的职业教育对接路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴业东

    2012-01-01

    分析了浙江省农业产业转型升级的模式,以及农业产业与职业教育对接的机理,进而提出对接路径,强调涉农院校应立足于职业教育与产业的对接和融合,在农业产业链提升的过程中进行专业建设、中高职的合理衔接,加快进行体制和机制创新,加快进行产教结合和校企合作,为区域农业产业发展培养复合型、高素质技能型人才.%The transformation and upgrading mode of agricultural industry in Zhejiang Province was analyzed, as well as agricultural industry and vocational education connection mechanism, the connection pathway was put forward. Agricultural colleges should focus on connection between vocational education and industry. During agriculture industry chain upgrading process, specialty construction and vocational education should be reasonably connected, mechanism innovation, collaboration between college and enterprise should be speeded, which will culture compound, high-quality talents for regional agricultural industry development.

  16. Agricultural Productivity and Farm Financing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, F. Vernon

    1975-01-01

    The author, president of the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of New Orleans, in remarks to the first general session of the Agricultural Education Division of the American Vocational Association, paints a bright picture of agricultural productivity, financial challenge, and agricultural commitment in the mid-South. (Author/EA)

  17. Skill Sheets for Agricultural Machinery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    This set of 21 skill sheets for agricultural machinery was developed for use in high school and vocational school agricultural mechanics programs. Each sheet covers a single operational procedure for a piece of agricultural machinery, and includes: (1) a diagram, (2) a step-by-step operational procedure, (3) abilities or understandings taught, (4)…

  18. 高职农产品质量检测专业校内实训基地功能探析--以辽宁农业职业技术学院农产品质量检测专业为例%Function Analysis on Practical Training Base for Agricultural Product Quality and Security Detecting Major in Vocational Technical College---Take Agricultural Product Quality and Security Detecting Major in Liaoning Agricultural College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟秋喜

    2013-01-01

    实训基地建设对高职院校培养高素质创新型人才具有重要意义。以辽宁农业职业技术学院农产品质量检测专业为例,根据实训基地各功能与人才培养任务直接相关的程度,对创新教育视野下高职院校校内实训基地功能进行了探讨。%Practical training base construction is of great significance to cultivation of high quality and creative talent for vocation al technical college. This paper takes agricultural product quality and security detecting major in Liaoning Agricultural College as an ex ample,according to the correlation of training base functions and talent cultivation,makes discussion on practical training base function in creative education view for vocational technical college.

  19. 基于学生视角浅议中职涉农专业发展%Discussion on the Development of Agriculture-related Specialties in Secondary Vocational Education Based on the Perspective of Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立斌; 张冰洁

    2014-01-01

    本文通过对近几年《中国教育统计年鉴》中相关数据进行统计分析后,从学生视角出发对中职涉农专业招生数量、生师比、生源结构、学生流失率、价值取向等方面进行分析,找出现存问题,并针对存在的问题从扩大中职涉农专业培养对象、建立高素质师资队伍、解决学生出口难等方面提出解决性措施,以更好地促进中职涉农专业的可持续发展。%After analyzing the relevant data from the recent years of "Chinese Education Statistical Yearbook" , then based on the perspective of students, the paper tries to analyze the enrollment number, the ratio of students to teachers, the source structure, dropout rate, value orientation, finds out some problems about the development of Agriculture-related Specialties in Secondary Vocational Education. In order to promote the sustainable development of Agriculture-related Specialties, this paper puts forward some corresponding countermeasures, such as expanding the professional training object, establishing high quality teacher troop, solving students' export difficulties.

  20. A Follow-Up Analysis of Agricultural Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandya, Himanshu; Curtis, Samuel M.

    1978-01-01

    A followup survey of Pennsylvania eighth grade students previously inventoried for agricultural interest indicated that those students who later enrolled in high school vocational agriculture courses had shown higher interest scores on the inventory. Both sets of data are compared, with implications for vocational agriculture counseling. (MF)

  1. The Use of Teacher Aides in Agricultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durkee, James

    1970-01-01

    Approximately 80 percent of the vocational agriculture teachers, high school administrators, teacher educators, and state supervisors of agricultural education indicated a need for teacher aides in vocational agriculture in response to a national survey. Duties of aides are outlined and a preservice education program is recommended. (DM)

  2. 城镇化进程中农业转移人口的职业教育研究%On Vocational Education for Transfer of Agricultural Population in the Process of Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹承龙; 胡善珍; 藕海云

    2014-01-01

    promoting urbanization can achieve the effective transfer of agricultural surplus labor. It not only solves the issues of agriculture,farmer and rural area,but also provides the intrinsic motivation for Chinese eco-nomic growth. Currently,transfer of agricultural population to citizens is slow,and the urbanization level is low. Therefore,the paper proposes some vocational education ways,for example,promoting quality-oriented education for community residents in rural area,introducing the ordering training of enterprise,cultivating regional skilful craftsman,and improving professional skills of high school graduates and junior high school graduates. These ways will continuously enhance transfer of economy and promote social economy.%推进城镇化建设,实现农村剩余劳动力的有效转移,不仅能够解决我国的“三农”问题,而且为我国经济持续增长提供了内在动力。然而,当前农业人口向市民转化进程缓慢,城镇化质量不高。究其原因,农业转移人口缺乏竞争性的职业技能。为此,要通过提升农村社区居民素质教育、企业订单式培训、培养区域能工巧匠、加强“两后生”职业技能培养等多种职业教育途径,提高农业转移人口的综合素质和技能水平,促进新型城镇化的快速发展和社会经济的稳步增长。

  3. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  4. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  5. 专业理论与专业技能同步教学方式在农类高职教育中的应用研究%Synchronous Teaching Mode of Professional Theory and Professional Skills in Higher Agricultural vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宇飞; 吴万生; 赵凤艳

    2011-01-01

    就专业理论与专业技能同步教学方式在农类高等职业教育中进行的应用实验结果,论述了“理实一体化”“项目式教学方式”和“模块化教学方式”的适用范围与效果,建立了农类高职教育实践教学新模式。%Through synchronous teaching methods of professional theory and professional skills applying on agricultural higher vocational education, the writer discusses scopes of application and effects on project type of teaching methods, modular of teaching methods,integration on theory and practice, and sets up the new practical teaching models on agriculture higher vocational education.

  6. 农科教融合训研创一体--温州科技职业学院创新创业型人才培养的实践探索%Integration of Agriculture, Science and Education, Oneness of Training, Research and Innovation--Practical Exploration of Cultivating Innovative and Entrepreneurial Talents of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王朱云

    2015-01-01

    温州科技职业学院通过实施“农科教融合·训研创一体”教学新模式,以体面就业为导向,建成一批集实训教学、研究开发、创新创业为一体的实训基地,通过多学科交叉的体验学习平台,培养学生用创新创业思维与行动解决社会问题的能力,有效提升学生的专业实践能力和创新创业能力。%Higher agricultural and vocational education has taken off with rapid development of senior vocational education in recent years to contribute to talent cultivation, three agricultures and construction of new rural areas. However, some issues such as mismatch of practical teaching and position competences, discordance of scientific research strengths and talent cultivation, weak innovation and entrepreneurial capabilities of students still exist in higher agricultural and vocational education. To cultivate high-quality applied innovative and entrepreneurial talents with good techniques, operation and management skills as well as entrepreneurship in the context of Internet Plus., Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology aspires towards training innovative and entrepreneurial talents by exploration for “Integration of Agriculture, Science and Education, Oneness of Training, Research and Innovation” enterprising education in practice.

  7. Academic, Industry and Student Perspectives on the Inclusion of "Vocational Knowledge" in a "Learning and Teaching Academic Standards Statement" for Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acuña, Tina Botwright; Kelder, Jo-Anne; Able, Amanda J.; Guisard, Yann; Bellotti, William D.; McDonald, Glenn; Doyle, Richard; Wormell, Paul; Meinke, Holger

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the perspective of industry stakeholders in a national project to develop a Learning and Teaching Academic Standards (LTAS) Statement for the Agriculture discipline. The AgLTAS Statement will be aligned with the Science LTAS Statement published in 2011 and comprise a discourse on the nature and extent of the Agriculture…

  8. 提高农业职业教育质量是实现农业产业化的关键%To Improve the Quality of Agricultural Vocational Education is the Key to the Industrialization of Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜森有

    2012-01-01

    The industrialization of agriculture requires agricultural growth to modern intensive change from the traditional extensive, whose core is the intensive of knowledge and technology. The key is to improve the scientific and cultural quality of the agricultural employees. Only to train a large number of technical and managerial personnel, to boost farmers" scientific and cultural qualities substantially, It can continue to improve agricultural production and operating efficiency in order to promote the benign operation and development of agricultural industrialization. This is the fundamental way to achieve the industrialization of agriculture.%农业产业化要求农业增长方式由传统的粗放型向现代的集约型转变,而农业增长方式由粗放型向集约型转变的核心是知识和技术的集约,关键是提高农业从业人员的科技文化素质。只有培养大量的科技与管理人才,大幅度提高农民的科技文化素质,才能不断提高农业生产和经营效益,才能促进农业产业化的良性经营发展,而大力发展农业职业教育正是提高新型农民与农业从业人员素质、实现农业产业化的根本途径。

  9. 涉农高职学生思想政治教育过程矛盾分析研究%Research on Contradiction Analysis of Ideological and Political Education Process of Agricultural Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓林; 杨红梅

    2016-01-01

    The process of ideological and political education in agricultural higher vocational colleges is the development of students'ideological and political morality according to certain social requirements on students'ideological and political morality , influencing students'morality with aim ,plan and organization by educators ,so as to impel students'inner ideological activity to form certain ideological and political morality .%涉农高职学生思想政治教育过程是教育者根据一定社会的思想政治品德要求和学生的思想政治品德形成与发展的规律,对学生施加有目的、有计划、有组织的教育影响,促使学生产生内在的思想矛盾运动,以形成一定社会所期望的思想政治品德的过程。

  10. Teacher Education in Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Dale W.

    1977-01-01

    Urging continued high priority support to preservice and inservice professional development, especially in the area of agricultural education, the author responds to a letter from the Joint Committee on Vocational Education for the State of California indicating the committee's consideration of support reduction for teacher education in vocational…

  11. The necessity and possibility of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction%农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王翊覃

    2012-01-01

      新形势下,我国农业现代化的推进和“三农”问题的解决需要大批具有一定理论基础和技术,又具有一定管理生产能力的高素质劳动者,而在大农业背景下的农林高职教育所具有的职能和目标人才培养的特点则符合这一要求,这就使得农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设成为可能,而且非常必要。本文就农林高职教育服务社会主义新农村建设的可能性与必要性做一探讨。%  Under the new situation, the promotion of agriculture modernization in our country and the solving of"three farming"problems need high-quality workers with large quantities of certain theoretical foundation and technology, also has management production capacity, and the function of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry under the background of big agriculture and the characteristics of personnel training target is consistent with the requirements, this makes higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction becomes possible and necessary. The paper discusses the possibility and necessity of higher vocational education of agriculture and forestry to serve the new socialist countryside construction.

  12. Common Core Curriculum for Vocational Education. Category D: Administration and Supervision. D-1: Fiscal Management of a Vocational Education Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, William

    This module on fiscal management of a vocational education program is one of a set of eight on administration and supervision and is part of a larger series of thirty-four modules constituting a core curriculum for use in the professional preparation of vocational educators in the areas of agricultural, business, home economics, and industrial…

  13. Evaluation of transition in Dutch senior secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lazonder, A.W.; Jong, F.P.C.M. de

    1999-01-01

    Survey responses from 55 Dutch agricultural vocational schools show that administrators believe that transition, the ability of students to change between training modes or qualification levels easily, has enhanced the flexibility of the qualification system developed under recent national reforms.

  14. An Empirical Study on the Reform of Training Pattern of the Combination of the Logistics Management Specialty in Higher Vocational Education Based on Agricultural Talents---Taking Hunan Vocational College of Commerce as an Example%基于工学结合的高职物流管理专业涉农人才培养模式改革实证研究--以湖南商务职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢虎军

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural higher vocational logistics management professional talents training has been influenced by various factors cause is not well developed in line with market demand and business professionals. Hunan Vocational College of Commerce from the training objectives, the reform of talents cultivation, curriculum combination of talent training mode and the construction of their teachers in several aspects of there form constructs the training model of work study combination of higher vocational logis-tics management professional talents based on agriculture. Through the survey of graduates an empirical study on the feasibility of the model.%高职物流管理专业涉农人才的培养一直以来受到来自各方面因素的影响导致不能很好地培养出符合市场和企业需求的专业人才。湖南商务职业技术学院从人才培养目标、人才培养课程设置改革、基于工学结合的人才培养模式以及双师型教师队伍建设几个方面进行改革,构建了基于工学结合的高职物流管理专业涉农人才培养模式。通过对毕业生跟踪调查实证研究了该模式的可行性。

  15. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  16. Agricultural Production Experiences at School for the Urban Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietz, Allen J.

    1980-01-01

    In vocational agriculture at Sycamore High School in Illinois, urban students start their vocational education with a basic understanding of production, which is the foundation for all agricultural industry. Future Farmers of America chapter-operated and school-owned facilities provide the resources to make these experiential programs possible.…

  17. Agriculture Cooperative Training--"Learning by Doing."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Lewis E., Jr.

    1978-01-01

    A vocational agriculture instructor describes the Agricultural Cooperative Training (ACT) program at Nottoway (Virginia) Senior High School for on-the-job training in agribusiness and agricultural production. Especially important are student and site selection, ACT guidelines, a parent-student-employer-school written agreement, and the student…

  18. [Theme: Economic Literacy Through Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    In a series of articles, the authors indicate that in building a vocational agriculture program, developing students' abilities to deal with the economic impact of agricultural production should receive high priority. Discusses banking, taxes, economic principles, farm business management, and marketing as they relate to agriculture. (JOW)

  19. Theme: The Future for Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pals, Douglas A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss the 1984 report of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, the use of computers, adult education in agriculture, new curricula and approaches, teacher preparation, the National Vocational Agricultural Teachers Association, museum living history programs, postsecondary agricultural education, and…

  20. Agriculture--Agriculture Science--Seed Germination. Kit No. 51. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Samuel

    An instructor's manual and student activity guide on seed germination are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of agriculture. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home economics,…

  1. Agriculture--Agriculture Science--Seed Germination. Kit No. 51. Instructor's Manual [and] Student Learning Activity Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Samuel

    An instructor's manual and student activity guide on seed germination are provided in this set of prevocational education materials which focuses on the vocational area of agriculture. (This set of materials is one of ninety-two prevocational education sets arranged around a cluster of seven vocational offerings: agriculture, home economics,…

  2. Nepal: Vocational Educator's Role in Elementary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitt, Thomas R.

    1974-01-01

    The innovative vocational education program of the elementary grades in the developing country of Nepal focuses on "self-help" within the "practical arts" (agriculture, trade and industrial, and home science fields) and emphasizes application of subject matter to students' daily lives, integration of skills into the curriculum, and occupational…

  3. On the Cultivation of Cold Chain Logistics Characteristics of Agricultural Products Logistics Management Professionals in Higher Vocational Education---Taking Hunan Vocational Col ege of Commerce as an Example%高职物流管理专业农产品冷链物流特色人才培养研究--以湖南商务职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢虎军

    2014-01-01

    湖南省是一个农产品生产和消费大省,近年来该省的农产品冷链物流发展非常迅猛。而农产品冷链物流专业人才的匮乏和人才培养的现状远远满足不了市场的需求和企业对专业人才的要求。文章在分析湖南省生鲜农产品生产现状和农产品冷链物流人才培养现状的基础之上,以湖南商务职业技术学院为例提出了对物流管理专业农产品冷链物流特色人才培养模式的研究。%Hunan province is an a gricultural production and consumption of a large province, agricultural products cold chain logistics development in the province is very fast in re-cent years. But the agricultural products cold chain logistics professional talent shortage and talent training present situation far not meet the need of market demand and business profes-sionals. Based on the analysis of present situation of fresh a-gricultural products in Hunan province development status of production and agricultural products cold chain logistics per-sonnel, taking Hunan Vocational College of Commerce as an example the research on the training mode of logistics man-agement specialty agricultural products cold chain logistics tal-ents.

  4. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  5. Equine Management and Production. Vocational Agriculture Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolph, James A.

    This basic core of instruction for equine management and production is designed to assist instructors in preparing students for successful employment or management of a one- or two-horse operation. Contents include seven instructional areas totaling seventeen units of instruction: (1) Orientation (basic horse production; handling and grooming;…

  6. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  7. The Influence of Science Applications in Agriculture Courses on Attitudes of Illinois Guidance Counselors at Model Student-Teaching Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, James E.; Osborne, Edward W.

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 16 guidance counselors in schools serving as agricultural education student teaching sites showed they had positive attitudes about agriculture and agricultural sciences but believed agricultural education was too vocational. Those in schools with applied sciences in agriculture gave high ratings to the quality of agriculture programs.…

  8. 构建中-高-本零距离衔接的铜仁大职教思考%Thoughts on Buildingthe Zero Distance Connection of VocationalSchools, Vocational College and Universitiesin TongrenVocationalEducation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓川

    2015-01-01

    Tongren is a typical agricultural area in Guizhou Province. The government pays high attention to vocational education, so the reis aqualified university, two vocational colleges (including one national key vocational colleges), and fourteen vocational schools in Tongren, which has trained large number of talents for local economic development. This paper discussed how to integrate Tongren vocational education resources, and how the university was the guide for vocational colleges and vocational schools. Therefore, it put forward in the building the zero distance connection of vocational schools, vocational colleges and universities in Tongren vocational education.%要提升职教办学水平,就必须整合铜仁职业教育资源,发挥好本科对高职高专及中职的带动作用,构建中-高-本零距离衔接的大职教体系,其对策主要有:以本科院校为龙头,形成中-高-本贯通的职业技术教育集团学校;激活行业企业的参与度,把集团化办学从学校联盟向校企联合体转型,健全职业教育整体发展的体系,促进职业教育良性发展。

  9. 高职涉农专业学生“三转变”教育模式的实践与思考%The Practice and Thought of "Three-change" Educational Form for Higher Vocational Students in Agriculture Related Major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周彤

    2012-01-01

    "Three-change" education is designed ideological and political education mode for higher vocational students in agriculture related major."Three-change" means that in grade one senior high students change higher vocational students,in grade two the emphasis of theory basis change the improvement of practical ability,and in grade three Dinggang internship change active employment.It is qualified with pertinence,actual effect and professionalism,which is the effective approach for students' ideological and political education work.%"三转变"教育是针对高职涉农专业学生而设计的思想政治教育模式。"三转变"即一年级由高中生向高职生转变,二年级由夯实理论基础向提高实践能力转变,三年级由顶岗实习向主动就业转变。它具有针对性、实效性和专业性等特点,是学生思想政治教育工作的有效途径。

  10. Agricultural Chemicals and Radiation. Ag Ed Environmental Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulloch, Rodney W.

    The document is designed to be used as a resource in teaching vocational agriculture high school students about the environment. Agricultural chemicals are the major focus, with some attention to radiation. The importance of safety in agricultural chemical use is stressed, with descriptions of the pesticide label; protective clothing; respiratory…

  11. Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Adult Agricultural Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christmas, Oren L.; Warmbrod, J. Robert

    A study examined the institutional factors the influence whether or not adult agricultural education programs are offered in high schools. All Ohio secondary schools that offered vocational agriculture programs in agricultural production or farm business management during 1985-1986 (a total of 260 schools) were included in the study. Data were…

  12. DEVELOPING CURRICULUM MATERIALS FOR COOPERATIVE EXPERIENCE PROGRAMS IN AGRICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS INSTITUTE 1966 WORKSHOP REPORT (JUNE 6-JULY 15, 1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater. Research Foundation.

    THIRTY VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHERS FROM 11 STATES DEVELOPED THESE CURRICULUM MATERIALS FOR A 2-YEAR HIGH SCHOOL COOPERATIVE EXPERIENCE PROGRAM FOR OCCUPATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL SALES AND SERVICE, AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY, AND HORTICULTURE. A RATIONALE FOR CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, AN EXPLANATION OF THE CURRICULUM, AND AN EXPLANATION OF THE…

  13. Vocational Guidance for Everyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Describes some of the current problems of vocational guidance, summarizes relevant knowledge and theory in the field, and offers some practical plans for a coordinated, theoretically compatible group of vocational programs, services, and experiences for a high school. (Author/JM)

  14. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  15. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  16. Agricultural Processing and Marketing. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA.

    A vocational guidance project was conducted in Virginia to identify a valid list of tasks/competencies for three levels of agricultural processing and marketing (AG-PAM) courses for secondary students. These competencies were then to be presented in a competency-based instructional resource guide for such courses. The project developers followed…

  17. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  18. General Prospectus of Agricultural Education for Young Men and Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Dublin (Ireland).

    Designed to acquaint young men and women with the agricultural education programs currently available in Ireland's institutions of vocational and higher education, this prospectus describes the educational requirements, facilities, and programs under the auspices of Ireland's Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Specifically, this document…

  19. Core IV Materials for Metropolitan Agriculture/Horticulture Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemp, Paul; And Others

    This core curriculum guide consists of materials for use in presenting a 13-unit vocational agriculture course geared toward high school students living in metropolitan areas. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: employment in agricultural occupations, supervised occupational experience, leadership in…

  20. Handbook on Marketing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, William R.

    Compiled after interviews with vocational educators at urban and rural joint vocational schools, comprehensive high schools, and career centers considered to be successful at marketing vocational education locally in Ohio, this handbook contains information on successful marketing activities that other local educators can undertake. Section I…

  1. Agricultural Diversification and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Secondary, Postsecondary, and Continuing Education Agriculture Programs in Iowa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Dept. of Agriculture, Des Moines.

    These instructional materials on agricultural diversification and marketing were developed for use by Iowa's vocational and technical agricultural instructors and extension personnel. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The…

  2. Enhancing women’s participation in agricultural education in Afghanistan through distance education by the National Agricultural Education College (NAEC) Afghanistan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sabri, Ayesha; Abdulrahimzai, S.; Witteveen, L.M.; Lie, R.; Meulen, Suzanne

    2017-01-01

    Agriculture dominates the Afghan economy, providing an income to 61% of the households. 44% of the labour force is engaged in agriculture and women make up to 65% of this labour force. One of the priorities of the Afghan government is to develop agricultural high-school education, vocational

  3. Analysis on Modular Curriculum Setting and Higher Multiple Skilled Entrepreneurship Talent Training of Agriculture Related Majors in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职涉农专业模块化课程设置与复合高技能型创业人才培养探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚宏伟; 张玉俊; 马林霞; 张开慧

    2015-01-01

    This paper systematically analyzed start-up prospects of higher multiple skilled entrepreneurship talent of the agriculture related majors in higher vocational colleges,proposed modular curriculum was the most effective way to cultivate such talents and directly determine the quality of their training,finally pointed out that the training of such talents would face the main problems and the main safeguard measures.The analysis has certain theory significance and outstanding practical value.%系统分析了高职涉农专业复合高技能型创业人才创业前景,提出模块化课程是培养此类人才的有效途径并直接决定其培养质量,最后指出此类人才培养面临的主要问题和主要保障措施,具有一定理论意义和突出的实践价值。

  4. Dropout in vocational education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    For the last ten years drop out of vocational education has increased strongly in Denmark. Only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme on upper secondary level, complete it. Like in other European countries the low completion rates has caused considerable alarm on the political...... level (Lamb and Markussen 2011). Continuing high dropout rates will make it very hard for the government to reach its target for educational completion, and the government has launched a series of measures to increase retention including the obligation for all colleges to make plans for retention...

  5. 基于职业技能大赛的高职文秘专业课程设置研究--以云南农业大学热带作物学院为例%A Study of Vocational Skill Competition -based Curriculum of Secretary Major in Vocational Colleges:College of Tropical Crops,Yunnan Agricultural University as a Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付琼芝

    2015-01-01

    基于职业技能大赛的高职文秘专业课程以“三模块、二能力、多活动”培养为核心,树立“能力本位”的课程观。即以“技能大赛”为驱动,构建以“基础课、核心课、拓展课教学模块为主导,以专业核心能力和关键职业能力训练为重点,多种课外活动为支撑”的课程体系,强化学生职业技能,全方位训练学生综合素质能力,注重对学生动手操作能力和创新意识的培养。其意义在于可使教学内容和教学设计具有较强的针对性和实用性,对学生动手操作能力和创新意识的培养提供有力保障,使学生对综合素质以及团队合作精神的要求有明确认识。%Vocational skill competition-based curriculum of secretary courses in vocational colleges focu-ses on training of three modules,two capabilities,multi-activities,aiming to establish a competency-based concept.That is:to establish a course system,driven by skill competition,dominated by the teaching modules of basic courses,core courses and expanding courses,emphasized on professional core competencies,and supported by extra-curricular activities.It is of significance to strengthen students'professional skills,promote students'comprehensive abilities,lay emphasis on training students'opera-tional skills and innovative awareness in order to make teaching contents and teaching design more practi-cal and pertinent,and make clear the comprehensive quality and team work spirit to students.

  6. Vocational training in contemporary Spain: Policies, Agents and Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulí DÁVILA BALSERA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The vocational training in Spain has reached a late formalization in the educational system. This situation is explained by the economical contexts thatevolve from the agricultural sector to the industrial development of certain zones, which are those who have a better network of vocational schools. In this article three levels of analysis are addressed: the first one, related to the politics and educational legislation, in order to notice the process of formalization; the second one, focused on the relevance of the Church on this sector and, the third one is the role played by the Union Organization during the Franco's regime. In this way, the intervention of the different agents who have contributed to the development of the vocational training in Spain remains clear up to the General Law of Education of 1970.

  7. Statistics of Certain Manual Training, Agricultural, and Industrial Schools, 1913-1914. Bulletin, 1915, No. 19. Whole Number 644

    Science.gov (United States)

    United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1915

    1915-01-01

    This bulletin presents the statistics of 479 manual training schools, agricultural schools, and industrial, trade, and vocational schools for 1914. At present these are divided into four groups: (1) public manual-training high schools; (2) agricultural schools (State agricultural high schools, district agricultural high schools, country…

  8. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  9. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  10. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  11. Agriculture: Newsroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agriculture Newsroom. News releases, reports, and other documents from around EPA that are of interest or direct importance to the environmental management or compliance efforts of the agricultural community.

  12. An Empirical Research on the Employment Competitiveness of Agricultural Majors Students in Vocational Colleges%高等职业技术学院涉农专业大学生就业竞争力的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李听

    2015-01-01

    涉农专业具有实用性、独特性等特点,其整体就业率一直稳定保持在较高水平,但存在就业岗位层次偏低等问题。问卷调查和数理统计分析发现,涉农专业大学生在就业心态、就业指导教育、求职技能等方面存在问题。针对这些问题,提出了以提升学生核心竞争力为核心、优化专业设置和细化培养方向为基础、完善科学就业理论和实践指导为手段、培养学生良好就业心态为保证、加强就业创业平台建设为抓手的就业竞争力培养模式。%The agricultural specialties in the system of higher education has its characteristics of practicality,unique-ness,whose overall employment rate has been stable at a high level,but with some problems such as low-level jobs and so on.Through the questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics analysis, found that agricultural college students in employment mentality, employment guidance education problems, job skills, etc.The paper researches centering with these probles,and puts forward a training mode of employment competitiveness which taking student’ s core competitiveness promotion as the core,specialties setting optimization and training direction segmentation as the base,employment theories perfection and practice guidance as the methods,good employment attitude as a guar-antee,and employment and entrepreneurship platform enhancement as the tool.

  13. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  14. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  15. Legal Scholarship as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, David

    2001-01-01

    Explores the more purely theoretical side of the legal scholar's vocation, using Max Weber's text on the scholar's role titled "Science as a Vocation." Discusses the consequences of the tension between law schools' generalist "pretensions" and increasingly specialist character, and Weber's fact/value distinction. (EV)

  16. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of…

  17. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of people,…

  18. Vocational Indecision and Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Assessed the vocational decision-making problems of rehabilitation clients (N=60). Revealed that decision-making problems of clients can be grouped into three areas: employment readiness, self-appraisal, and decision-making readiness. Suggested that vocationally decided and undecided subjects differ significantly in the extent to which they have…

  19. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  20. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  1. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  2. Forming Social Partnership Policy in Vocational Training of Service Sector Specialists in Germany and Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kredenets Nadiya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of forming social partnership policy in vocational training of service sector specialists in Germany and Austria. The foreign and domestic pedagogical experience in establishing an effective system of social partnership in vocational education has been analyzed. The author has considered main factors of social partnership development in vocational education that influence the forming of normative and legal support; a multilevel structure of government management, powers of employers and trade unions, regional economic development authorities of local government (industrial, commercial, trade, agricultural units, professional orientation of future specialists vocational education institutions and enterprises where specialists are trained; continuous monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; mechanisms of multivariate and multilevel approach to vocational education funding. Based on the analysis of scientific and reference sources the author has concluded that the main feature of vocational education in Germany and Austria is the participation of social partners who make common decisions and bear responsibility for normative and legal support; a multilevel management structure; monitoring of labour market needs and dynamic response to its changes; an optimal combination of theoretical and practical vocational training of future specialists.

  3. Agricultural Programs at the Post High School Level; Special Report Prepared for the Pacific Regional Seminar in Agricultural Education (Olympia, May 15-19, 1967).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensel, James W.

    A general overview of post-high school education in agriculture is presented to show the wide variety of programs and their curricular structure for use by school administrators. Representative agricultural programs in community colleges, junior colleges, vocational and technical schools, area schools, and in specialized technical training…

  4. A Comparison of Certain Knowledges in Agriculture Needed by Workers in Farming, in Grain Elevator Businesses, and in Agricultural Equipment Businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiscus, Keith Eugene

    Questionnaires to determine the vocational and technical education needed by prospective workers in farming and in grain elevator and agricultural equipment businesses were administered to 20 workers in each of the jobs of (1) farm manager, (2) grain elevator manager, operator, salesman, and deliveryman, and (3) agricultural equipment manager,…

  5. Agricultural Education in England and the Dictates of the Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Errington, A.; Harrison-Mayfield, L.

    1995-01-01

    British agricultural colleges recently became independent corporations and their traditional market is changing as the economy is restructured. A survey of rural residents in four counties (n=1,352) supports a broader role for the colleges, such as serving as rural business centers that provide vocational education, training, and services to rural…

  6. Agriculture Sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Agriculture sectors comprise establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, and harvesting fish and other animals. Find information on compliance, enforcement and guidance on EPA laws and regulations on the NAICS 111 & 112 sectors.

  7. Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The four geophysical methods predominantly used for agricultural purposes are resistivity, electromagnetic induction, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and time domain reflectometry (TDR). Resistivity and electromagnetic induction methods are typically employed to map lateral variations of apparent so...

  8. Agriculture: About EPA's National Agriculture Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA's National Agriculture Center (Ag Center), with the support of the United States Department of Agriculture, serves growers, livestock producers, other agribusinesses, and agricultural information/education providers.

  9. Commonalities in the Professional Education Competencies of Selected Community College Vocational Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindahl, Donald Gene

    To determine the nature of common professional education competencies of community college vocational teachers, 160 teachers from four western states and from program areas of agriculture, health, home economics, and service occupations were administered a professional education competency questionnaire. Analysis of data revealed that there was no…

  10. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization, industrialization, informationization and ecological development. In this process, it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method, this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then, it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective ...

  11. Gene banks pay big dividends to agriculture, the environment, and human welfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    R. C. Johnson

    2008-01-01

    Nearly a century after the pioneering American apple tree purveyor Johnny Appleseed traveled from town to town planting nurseries in the Midwestern United States, Frans Nicholas Meijer left his Netherlands home to pursue a similar vocation as an "agricultural explorer" for the US Department of Agriculture. Over the course of his career, Meijer, who...

  12. Poultry Production for Agricultural Science I Core Curriculum. Instructor's Guide. Volume 19, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timko, Joseph J.; Stewart, Bob R.

    This unit is designed to aid teachers in lesson planning in the secondary agricultural education curriculum in Missouri. Intended to be taught to ninth-grade students of vocational agriculture, the unit contains six lessons for developing competencies needed in poultry production. The lessons are as follows: (1) the importance of the poultry…

  13. Poultry Production for Agricultural Science I Core Curriculum. Instructor's Guide. Volume 19, Number 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timko, Joseph J.; Stewart, Bob R.

    This unit is designed to aid teachers in lesson planning in the secondary agricultural education curriculum in Missouri. Intended to be taught to ninth-grade students of vocational agriculture, the unit contains six lessons for developing competencies needed in poultry production. The lessons are as follows: (1) the importance of the poultry…

  14. AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS TECHNOLOGY, A SUGGESTED TWO-YEAR POST HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM AND COURSE OUTLINES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    HALTERMAN, JERRY; AND OTHERS

    DATA REVEALED BY STUDIES OF AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS TRAINING NEEDS CONDUCTED IN SEVERAL STATES PROMPTED THE DESIGN OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS SERIES TO ASSIST STATE AND LOCAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION LEADERS IN DEVELOPING PROGRAMS TO PREPARE YOUTH AND ADULTS FOR EMPLOYMENT AND ADVANCEMENT IN OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS. THIS DOCUMENT, THE…

  15. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  16. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education. Basic Core Curriculum Project, Horticulture I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James, Ed.

    This secondary horticulture curriculum guide is one of a set of three designated as the basic core of instruction for horticulture programs in Kansas. Units of instruction are presented in thirteen sections: (1) Orientation and Careers, (2) Leadership and Future Farmers of America, (3) Supervised Occupational Experience Program, (4) Plant…

  17. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education. Basic Core Curriculum Project, Horticulture II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James, Ed.

    This second horticulture guide is one of a set of three designated as the basic core of instruction for horticulture programs in Kansas. Units of instruction are presented in eight sections: (1) Leadership, (2) Supervised Occupational Experience, (3) Plant Propagation, (4) Soil and Plant Growth Media, (5) Fertilizers, (6) Greenhouse, (7) Plant…

  18. Kansas Vocational Agriculture Education. Basic Core Curriculum Project, Horticulture III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albracht, James, Ed.

    This secondary horticulture curriculum guide is one of a set of three designated as the basic core of instruction for horticulture programs in Kansas. Units of instruction are presented in eight sections: (1) Human Relations, (2) Business Operations, (3) Greenhouse, (4) Retail Flowershop Operation, (5) Landscape Nursery, (6) Lawn Maintenance, (7)…

  19. Vocatives and discourse markers in textualinteractive grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Penhavel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the class of Vocatives and the class of Discourse Markers as proposed within Textualinteractive Grammar, and we try to demonstrate that Vocatives can work as Discourse Markers.

  20. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  1. Vocational Education and Equality of Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Benjamin; Feinberg, Walter

    1990-01-01

    Examines the concepts of equality of opportunity and equality of educational opportunity and their relationship to vocational education. Traces the history of vocational education. Delineates the distinction between training and education as enumerated in Aristotelian philosophy. Discusses the role vocational education can play in the educative…

  2. Connecting Mathematics Teaching with Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalby, Diane; Noyes, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    For many vocational students in England, mathematics is now a compulsory part of their programme, yet the inclusion of an academic subject within a vocational course presents challenges. In this paper, an analysis of a series of case studies of vocational student groups in Further Education colleges in England shows how contrasting practices in…

  3. Vocation as the Quest for Authentic Existence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kenneth B.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the concept of vocation and demonstrates that vocation is the organizing, existential principle of the concept of work. Presents a critical examination of Green's (1968) delineation of job and work and asserts that vocation as the quest for authentic existence is the unifying concept that gives grounding to Green's notion of work. (NB)

  4. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning; WANG; Fang; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization,industrialization,informationization and ecological development. In this process,it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method,this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then,it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective of rural vocational education,arrangement of specialized disciplines,key development tasks,and establishment of diversified investment system.

  5. Effect of an Experiential and Work-Based Learning Program on Vocational Identity, Career Decision Self-Efficacy, and Career Maturity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esters, Levon T.; Retallick, Michael S.

    2013-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the effect of an agriculturally-based experiential and work-based learning program, Science With Practice (SWP), on the vocational identity, career decision self-efficacy, and career maturity of undergraduate agriculture and life sciences students. The SWP experience helped clarify students' career interests and…

  6. Strategies for Translating Vocative Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga COJOCARU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the linguistic and cultural elements of vocative texts and the techniques used in translating them by giving some examples of texts that are typically vocative (i.e. advertisements and instructions for use. Semantic and communicative strategies are popular in translation studies and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages in translating vocative texts. The advantage of semantic translation is that it takes more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, while communicative translation attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original text in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. Focus is laid on the strategies used in translating vocative texts, strategies that highlight and introduce a cultural context to the target audience, in order to achieve their overall purpose, that is to sell or persuade the reader to behave in a certain way. Thus, in order to do that, a number of advertisements from the field of cosmetics industry and electronic gadgets were selected for analysis. The aim is to gather insights into vocative text translation and to create new perspectives on this field of research, now considered a process of innovation and diversion, especially in areas as important as economy and marketing.

  7. Production Structure of Agriculture in Huai’an City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the data in 1990-2009 Huai’an Statistical Yearbook and Jiangsu Statistical Yearbook,production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is analyzed.Result shows that economic efficiency of planting industry is significantly lower than that of other industry types of agriculture;and the production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is unbalanced and needs further optimization.The reasons for the imbalance in industrial structure are various,such as the relatively low quality of agricultural employees,the backward marketing of planting,and the lack of standardization management.Finally,corresponding suggestions are put forward,including developing education,conducting vocational training,improving the human capital stock of Huai’an City,cultivating the leading enterprises for agricultural product processing,and realizing the scale agglomeration effect of agricultural production in planting industry.

  8. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  9. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  10. Developing Modern Vocational Education and Cultivating New Professional Farmers%发展现代职业教育培育新型职业农民

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伟

    2014-01-01

    To foster the development of modern vocational education is not only an objective need for the social and economic development in China, but also a requirement for the national vocational education. The top priorities in developing vocational education are to establish a modern vocational education system and to clarify the relationship of the external and internal influencing factors. The development of modern agricultural vocational education system is one part of the whole vocational education system. Faced with the serious problem of the structural shortage of agricultural labor force, to develop a modern agricultural vocational education, to cultivate a great number of new-type professional farmers, and to construct an education and training system for them are important tasks for agricultural vocational colleges.%加快发展职业教育是我国社会经济发展的客观需要,也是国家对职业教育提出的要求。建立现代职业教育体系,理顺职业教育的内外关系,是当前职业教育发展的首要任务之一。现代农业职业教育体系建设是整个执教体系的一部分。面对农业劳动力的结构性短缺的严峻问题,发展现代农业职业教育、培养大量新型职业农民,构建新型职业农民培育制度体系,是农业职业类院校的一项重要任务。

  11. CORRELATION BETWEEN INTERESTS, FLAIRS AND VOCATIONAL PREFERENCES WITH THE PROFESSIONAL CAREER ELECTION WHEN GRADUATED FROM THE TECHNOLOGIC AGRICULTURE COLLEGE, MEXICO / LA CORRELACIÓN ENTRE LOS INTERESES, APTITUDES Y PREFERENCIAS VOCACIONALES CON LA CARRERA QUE ELIGEN AL EGRESAR LOS ALUMNOS DEL CENTRO DE BACHILLERATO TECNOLÓGICO AGROPECUARIO, MÉXICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa De León Mendoza

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available An activity required in the educational field is the vocational counseling, which is considered fundamental because of the importance on the future of the students. Nevertheless there are only a few researches that meassure the correlation between the dominant areas identified by the career adviser and with the professional career election taken by the student at the end of high scholl degree.The methodology used in this research allow the vocational counseling or career adviser to provide the student with information of the specific area attached to their interests and flairs. The results of this research work, demonstrate that there is a correlation between the interests, skills and specific areas identified in the student, with the race which elects the graduation of his high school.

  12. Vocational perspectives and neuromuscular disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andries, F; Wevers, CWJ; Wintzen, AR; Busch, HFM; Howeler, CJ; deJager, AEJ; Padberg, GW; deVisser, M; Wokke, JHJ

    1997-01-01

    The present study analyses the actual occupational situation, vocational handicaps and past labour career of a group of about 1000 Dutch patients suffering from a neuromuscular disorder (NMD). On the basis of the likelihood of a substantial employment history and sufficient numbers of patients, four

  13. Vocationally Oriented Language Learning Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Karin; Kantelinen, Ritva

    2013-01-01

    Vocationally oriented language learning (VOLL) is often seen as a part of English for Specific Purposes/Language for Specific Purposes (ESP/LSP), which it is not in every case. The diverging characteristics and lines of development that these two branches of ELT have undergone are outlined and contrasted. Then, a discussion of the added value of a…

  14. The Requirement for Vocational Skills in the Engineering Industry in the Areas of Modena and Vienna. Synthesis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Mario; Mereu, Maria Grazia; Tagliaferro, Claudio; Markowitsch, Jorg; Neuberger, Robert

    Requirements for vocational skills in the engineering industry in Modena, Italy, and Vienna, Austria, were studied. In Modena, employees of a representative sample of 90 small, medium, and large firms in the mechanical processing, agricultural machinery, and sports car manufacturing sectors were interviewed. In Vienna, data were collected through…

  15. Vocational teachers and the notion of ’good teaching’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Jensen, Lars Bang

    2016-01-01

    lines of education. Vocational teachers thus hail from a diverse range of vocational- and educational backgrounds and experience. The pedagogical course envisioned as a universal pedagogical training thus has an intrinsic problematic when facing the differentiated background and vocational training...

  16. Problems in Employment Trend of Higher Vocational Graduates and Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Jianhua; Sheng, Zhichong

    2011-01-01

    Based on analyzing the regional character of higher vocational graduates employment, this paper analyzes the reasons for this employment trend, advances relevant countermeasures for employment of higher vocational graduates, and explores the direction for higher vocational graduates employment.

  17. The Stages of Vocational/Academic Integration for Vocational Educators. Tip Sheet #5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, Mary J.

    This brief suggests that vocational educators may be unclear as to whether they have accomplished integration of vocational and academic education because of the multistage nature of the process. The three stages suggest a continuum of professional growth, as vocational and academic educators first become aware of limitations of the status quo,…

  18. Identity Change during Vocational Teacher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette

    New vocational teachers cross a boundary when they move from one occupation to a job as teacher. A vocational teacher already has an education when he becomes a teacher. He also has several years of work experience. In Denmark, the educational background is related to the type of vocational schoo...... educations, reduce dropout rates and increase the supply of labor. The theoretical framework is identity theories....

  19. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  20. Vocational teachers' identity formation through boundary crossing

    OpenAIRE

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers’ prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational teachers to teach their subject matter. Drawing on a socio-cultural understanding of identity, and based on twenty semi-structured interviews with voc...

  1. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  2. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  3. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET. These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in VET. Some theoretical consideration in behavioral and cognitive psychology will be discussed derived from the concept of learning content vocational institutions; pedagogical strategies such as demonstration, practice and feedback implemented by the instructors for learning occur. The learners’ preferences based on their characteristics to cater their ability to learn in VET. Learners’ learning styles were investigated to identify their preferences in learning and match with the curriculum and practices in teaching VET. The shift in pedagogical orientation will focus in potential of individual, engage learners in development of their own vocational knowledge and skills. VET instructors and trainers must be able to recognize and adapt their teaching and learning practice in order to response to these needs.

  4. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Licensed practical and licensed vocational ...

  5. Reforming Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Kondrup, Sissel

    The systems of vocational education and training are facing a number of challenges in many European countries. The share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes....... Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy (OECD 2015). These trends...... means that the challenges are twofold. First, the VET systems are required to offer double qualifications, which give access not only to skilled employment, but also to higher education (Deissinger et.al 2013). Secondly, the VET systems are met by diverse demands to be social inclusive and exclusive...

  6. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  7. Agriculture of the Podlaskie voivodeship after integration to the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zofia Tomczonek

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the changes in the agriculture of the Podlaskie voivodeship between 2002-2010. During the period of time chosen for the analysis the number of agricultural holdings decreased by 13.4%, while the average area of arable land in the agricultural holdings increased to 10.29 ha (in the holdings above 1 ha – 14.77 ha. 86.6% of the holdings were involved only in agricultural activity, and 2.4% in activity other than agricultural activity, but directly linked with the agricultural holding. Almost a half of the holdings (46.7% stated that agricultural activity was their main source of income. There were 2033 ecological holdings functioning in 2010. The holdings became better equipped in terms of machines and agricultural devices. There were also positive changes in farmers’ education level and vocational preparation.

  8. BIODYNAMIC AGRICULTURE - ECO-FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselka Vlahova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodynamic agriculture is undoubtedly the oldest organized agricultural movement in the world. It is considered as an organic agricultural farming approach and determined as the oldest organized alternative agricultural movement in the world. In 1924 Rudolf Steiner – an Austrian natural scientist and philosopher, carried out a series of eight lectures in Koberwitz, currently Kobierzyce- Poland, where he formulated his visions on changes in agriculture and revealed his spiritual and scientific concepts about the connection between nature and agriculture by determining the important role of agriculture for the future of humanity and thus he became known as “the father of anthroposophy”. The great ecological effect of the application of the biodynamic agriculture is expressed in soil preservation and preservation of the living organisms in the soil, as well as maintenance of the natural balance in the vegetable and animal kingdom.

  9. 中职学校体育教学与学生个性发展的研究——以广西玉林农业学校为例%Reseaech on Physical Education Teaching and Student' s Personality Development in Higher Vocational College ——Taking Guangxi Yulin Agricultural School as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李发姣; 章著

    2012-01-01

    本文针对有关影响中职学生个性发展的内外部因素进行调查。调查发现:教学氛围、教学手段与方法、个人性格及认识等主客观因素对学生个性发展有着密切的关联。在新课标的指导下,充分发挥学生的个性是学校体育教育教学改革的重要内容之一。本文创新提出体育教学促进学生个性发展的措施,为中职体育教学目标的顺利实现,提供理论参考。%This paper investigates the internal and external factors influencing personality development of higher vocational college students. The result shows that teaching environment, method and way, personality and cognition have clsoe relationship on student' s personality development. Under the guidline of new curriculum standard, fully play student' s personality is one of the important part of school physical education teaching reform. This paper puts forward the measurements for promoting student' s personality development and providing theoretical reference for fulifilling the pyhsical education teaching of higher vocational college.

  10. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  11. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  12. Urban Agriculture Guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, A.J.; Jansma, J.E.; Dekking, A.J.G.; Klieverik, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The Urban Agriculture Guide describes the experiences, learning moments, tips and tricks of those involved in the initiatives of urban agriculture and an indication is provided of what is required to develop urban agriculture further in the Netherlands

  13. Putting a Vocational Focus Back into Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Gregory C.

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, rehabilitation has been closely associated with vocational potential and return to work post-injury, or the maintenance of work attendance following the onset of chronic disease. Indeed, so close was the association that the terms "rehabilitation" and "vocational rehabilitation" were virtually synonymous. Over…

  14. Applying a Typology to Vocational Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=1,005), college juniors (N=692), employed adults (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a 1 year interval (N=624). The aspirational data were…

  15. Vocational Indecision: More Evidence and Speculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Holland, Joan E.

    1977-01-01

    Samples of 1,005 high school juniors and 692 college juniors were assessed with measures of personality, decision-making ability, interests, and vocational attitude. Comparisons of undecided and decided students indicate they are alike on most measures, but substantial and significant differences were found for the Identity and Vocational Attitude…

  16. Data Available for Studying Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, David B.

    The Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) data base was created as a result of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1976. VEDS statistics were to be collected in the form of state-aggregate data (that is, state-level data is submitted by each state, based upon records and data collected by the state for this and other purposes); and VEDS data,…

  17. Vocational Teaching Cube System of Engineering Graphics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangDaofu; LiuShenli

    2003-01-01

    Based on long-time research on vocational teaching cube theory in graphics education and analyzing on the intellectual structure in the process of reading engineering drawing, the graphics intellectual three-dimensional model, which is made up of 100 cubes, is founded and tested in higher vocational graphics education. This system serves as a good guidance to the graphics teaching.

  18. Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centro De La Comunidad, Inc., New London, CT.

    During its second year, the Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project recruited eighth and ninth grade Hispanic youth for a four-week cycle, after-school, career exploratory program at Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical School, Groton, Connecticut. A series of career education workshops was the other major project activity. Supportive…

  19. The Structure of Vocational Interests in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iliescu, Dragos; Ispas, Dan; Ilie, Alexandra; Ion, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Using data provided by the Self-Directed Search (SDS) on a sample of 1,519 participants comprising 3 subsamples containing high school students, university students, and working adults, the authors examine the structure of vocational interests in Romania. Three competing structural models of vocational interests (Holland's circumplex model and…

  20. Vocational Preparation Teacher Manual. Missouri LINC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Steve; And Others

    This document defines the role and responsibilities of Missouri's vocational preparation teachers as they work with disadvantaged and handicapped students in vocational education programs and offers advice on how they can fulfill their role and responsibilities. Following the introduction is the questionnaire used in a survey of vocational…

  1. Bringing Realism Into the Vocational Typing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Alan C.

    1978-01-01

    Based on "Typing 2," Gregg's new second-year vocational typing book for high schools, this article discusses ways to use the textbook and what the teacher can do to support the spirit of realism, purpose, and efficiency that the author feels should dominate the vocational typing course. (TA)

  2. Gasoline Engine Mechanics. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in gasoline engine mechanics in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of small-engine mechanics; program content (curriculum framework and student performance…

  3. Fashion Marketing. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Instructional Development and Services.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in fashion marketing in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: program content (job duties of wholesale and retail clothing salespersons and curriculum framework and student…

  4. Leadership Skills among Technical and Vocational Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Nurazyan Zahidah; Jizat, Nor Atikah Md.; Zakaria, Normah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of leadership skills among technical and vocational educator are to prepare them towards effective organization. Effective leadership is widely accepted as being a key constituent in achieving organization improvement and to examine. This study aimed to gauge the leadership skills among technical and vocational educators effectiveness…

  5. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  6. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  7. Vocational Teachers' Identity Formation through Boundary Crossing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers' prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational…

  8. Vocational Teachers between Educational Institutions and Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze discursively how the relationship between educational institutions and workplaces materializes in the position of a vocational teacher. Several studies have pointed out that the role of vocational teachers is changing as a result of current educational reforms, which can be understood in terms of bringing…

  9. The Dutch vocational education and training system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.M.C.

    2014-01-01

    The Dutch educational system is highly stratified from secondary education onwards3, and this also applies to MBO. Each MBO course can be followed in two different learning pathways, called the vocationally educating learning pathway (beroepsopleidende leerweg: BOL) and the vocationally guiding lear

  10. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy and talent…

  11. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  12. Vocation in Theology and Psychology: Conflicting Approaches?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Recent contributions in the fields of psychology, sociology, and theology reveal opposing attitudes about the subject of calling or vocation with regard to one's work. Whereas psychologists have rediscovered the concept, theologians increasingly show reluctance to accept a vocational view of work. In offering an alternative perspective, this…

  13. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  14. A Social Neuroscientific Model of Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Sullivan, Brandon A.; Luciana, Monica

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the separate literatures of a neurobiologically based approach system and vocational interests are reviewed and integrated into a social neuroscientific model of the processes underlying interests, based upon the idea of selective approach motivation. The authors propose that vocational interests describe the types of stimuli that…

  15. 20 CFR 638.503 - Vocational training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational training. 638.503 Section 638.503 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.503 Vocational training. (a)...

  16. Agricultural Business Sales and Marketing. Instructor's Guide. Volume 16, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    This curriculum guide, intended for junior and senior students of vocational agriculture, contains nine units designed to develop competencies needed in agribusiness. Each unit contains 3 to 11 lessons on topics that include the nature of agribusiness, human relations in agribusiness, verbal and written communication, selling and salesmanship,…

  17. Agricultural SWOT analysis and wisdom agriculture design of chengdu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Chen, Xiangyu; Du, Shaoming; Yin, Guowei; Yu, Feng; Liu, Guicai; Gong, Jin; Han, Fujun

    2017-08-01

    According to the status of agricultural information, this paper analyzed the advantages, opportunities and challenges of developing wisdom agriculture in Chengdu. By analyzed the local characteristics of Chengdu agriculture, the construction program of Chengdu wisdom agriculture was designed, which was based on the existing agricultural informatization. The positioning and development theme of Chengdu agriculture is leisure agriculture, urban agriculture and quality agriculture.

  18. 20 CFR 725.710 - Objective of vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Objective of vocational rehabilitation. 725... OF THE FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.710 Objective of vocational rehabilitation. The objective of vocational rehabilitation is...

  19. Some Practical Remedies for Providing Vocational Guidance for Everyone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    After describing some current problems in vocational guidance and summarizing relevant knowledge and theory in the field, this paper presents some practical plans, materials, and ideas for providing more useful vocational assistance to people of all ages. The paper reviews such prominent vocational guidance approaches as vocational information and…

  20. Hands-on creativity in Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    This presentation poses the question: what conception of the phenomenon of creativity is best suited to the field of vocational education? VET (Vocational Education and Training) aims to prepare people for employment in craft and industry. In this field, there is an ever-growing requirement...... for creativity and innovation. In response, it is my concern that an understanding of creativity be developed with vocational education and training in mind. It is not enough to import models from other areas, where the distinction between ideas and production or creativity and execution is often relatively hazy...... and therefore not well suited for VET comprising production, handcraft and industry. In Europe, vocational education schemes are considered the solid base on which almost all kinds of industry and craft depend. If Europe is to retain its innovative capacity, then vocational education, especially the capacity...

  1. The Effects of Vocational Training on Labor Force Experience. An Analysis of the Tennessee Area Vocational Technical School System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    To analyze the differential benefits from vocational training, a study was made involving 1,701 former students selected at random from 19 area vocational-technical schools in Tennessee. Major objectives of the study were to determine: (1) economic justification of vocational training, (2) wage differences among the vocationally trained and…

  2. Students' Meaning-Making and Sense-Making of Vocational Knowledge in Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijlsma, Nienke; Schaap, Harmen; de Bruijn, Elly

    2016-01-01

    Meaning-making and sense-making are generally assumed to be part of students' personal vocational knowledge development, since they contribute to both students' socialisation in a vocation and students' personalisation of concepts, values and beliefs regarding that vocation. However, how students in vocational education acquire meaning and make…

  3. Study on the Reform of Teaching System and Teaching Content of Chemistry in Agriculture Higher Vocational Colleges%高职农业类专业化学课程教学体系和教学内容改革的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉梅; 王丽君; 王量

    2015-01-01

    通过近几年来高职农业类专业化学教学内容的研究,构建以未来职业岗位需要的能力为中心的化学课程新体系,满足专业人才培养目标和规格的要求。可供教师在高职化学教学中借鉴此教学体系的构建。%In the paper, the author tries to construct a new chemistry curriculum system which focuses on training students’ professional ability needed in the future to meet the requirements of the target and specifications of professional talents cultivation. This teaching system can be used as reference for chemistry teaching in the higher vocational colleges.

  4. Journal of Integrative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Integrative Agriculture (JIA), formerly Agricultural Sciences in China (ASC), founded in 2002, is an official publication of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). JIA seeks to publish those papers that are influential and will significantly advance scientific understanding in agriculture fields worldwide.

  5. Theme: Agricultural Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeds, Jacquelyn P.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Six theme articles attempt to define and advocate agricultural literacy, review the status of K-8 agricultural literacy programs in states, discuss an Oklahoma study of agricultural literacy, clarify the meaning of sustainable agriculture, and describe the Future Farmers of America's Food for America program for elementary students. (SK)

  6. Sustainable agriculture - selected papers

    OpenAIRE

    Krasowicz, Stanisław; Wrzaszcz, Wioletta; Zegar, Jozef St.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of research on socially sustainable agriculture. Features of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability of private farms in the light of selected criteria. Subsistence agricultural holdings and the sustainable development of agriculture. Sustainable farms in the light of the FADN data. Description of organic holdings in Poland.

  7. Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geophysical methods continue to show great promise for use in agriculture. The term “agricultural geophysics” denotes a subdiscipline of geophysics that is focused only on agricultural applications. The Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics was compiled to include a comprehensive overview of the geoph...

  8. Vocational Training in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BALCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available European Union requires some standards in all areas. Today, the importance of training qualified individuals which holds an important place in the development of countries increases and certain standards are adopted creating common European Union tools in the field of vocational and technical education. In this study, vocational education and training policies system and the standards adopted by the European Union are discussed. Furthermore, this study was accepted as a European Union project in 2010 and the results obtained from the Leonardo Da Vinci Life Learning European Union project called “Web Based Basic Vocational Training” between the years 2010-2012 were presented. Since the partners of these projects are Turkey, Spain and Germany, the structure of vocational education, institutions of public and private vocational education and the diplomas and certificates entitled after these educations are included. As Turkey is on its way to become a European Union member, a number of advices are presented for Turkey to reach its destination about vocational education standards that European Union has aimed. The purpose of the study is not only to be a guide for the young who want to get professional training in the countries that are European Union members or candidates about how and where to have education opportunities but also to give a chance for trainers and training managers, participating in vocational training, so as to glimpse different practices from different countries and compare these practices between the countries of European Union and their countries. The study is also very important as it has the opportunities for training managers to see if their countries' vocational education is close enough to vocational education in European Union.

  9. Online Web portal of competence-based training opportunities for Organic Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. Thanopoulos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A number of Information and Communication Technology (ICT tools such as web portals, learning portals and course management platforms have been developed and used in order to support EU-funded research and training projects in the area of Organic Agriculture (OA. This tools transfer the technological infrastructure needed in order to facilitate specific tasks, such as the organization of educational, research and information content, like the competences, learning opportunities, certificates and vocational opportunities. This paper presents the case of the CerOrganic Web portal (http://portal.cerorganic.eu, which is used for providing access to resources related to vocational education and training in the context of OA.

  10. The "Rubella Bulge" and Vocational Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyks, Hollis W.

    1980-01-01

    The increased numbers and additional handicaps of deaf students born in the 1963-65 rubella epidemic require not more postsecondary programs, but rather strengthened programs and rehabilitation approaches to vocational and independent living skill training. (Author/CL)

  11. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...... training has served as a lever for the gradual expansion of the policy field into both general and higher education and for the establishment of a European discourse on Lifelong Learning. In the article, Ball's concept of "policy as discourse" is used to identify the changing spaces of possibility within...... EC vocational training policy (Ball, What is policy? Texts, trajectories and toolboxes. Discourse, 13(2), 1993)....

  12. Vocational Information-Seeking Behavior: Another View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.

    1984-01-01

    Used an unobtrusive measure to examine vocational information-seeking behavior (VISB) patterns in three groups of noncollege-bound youths (N=95). Results showed no meaningful relationship between VISB and certainty of choice or Holland type. (JAC)

  13. Vocational Education in Tourism: Conceptual Framework Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Shchuka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the basic concepts that define the essence of the system of vocational education and helps to analyze the problem of tourism staffing support. According to authors’ hypothesis, the personnel problem is related to the imperfection of the tourism conceptual framework. As of all enterprises of travel industry only travel agencies and accommodation facilities work with tourists, the author proves that personnel training for these businesses is the major objective of vocational training in tourism.

  14. The computer paradigm in vocational guidance

    OpenAIRE

    Fogliatto, Hermelinda

    1999-01-01

    The technological advances in last decades have transformed the external resources of Vocational Counseling, Occupational Information and assessment of clients. Most computer systems follow a behaviorist-cognitive approach. However, the use of vocational counseling software is not exclusive to one conceptual approach. Computers are introduced in education from primary school; counselors and other educators are expected to use those systems. The attitude of counselors ranges from enthusiastic ...

  15. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes...... attempt to summarise the various effects that the colleges have in two relevant figures, namely retention rates of students and employment rates among students who have completed training programmes....

  16. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design proces...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  17. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design process...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  18. Regional gray matter correlates of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeder David H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have identified brain areas related to cognitive abilities and personality, respectively. In this exploratory study, we extend the application of modern neuroimaging techniques to another area of individual differences, vocational interests, and relate the results to an earlier study of cognitive abilities salient for vocations. Findings First, we examined the psychometric relationships between vocational interests and abilities in a large sample. The primary relationships between those domains were between Investigative (scientific interests and general intelligence and between Realistic (“blue-collar” interests and spatial ability. Then, using MRI and voxel-based morphometry, we investigated the relationships between regional gray matter volume and vocational interests. Specific clusters of gray matter were found to be correlated with Investigative and Realistic interests. Overlap analyses indicated some common brain areas between the correlates of Investigative interests and general intelligence and between the correlates of Realistic interests and spatial ability. Conclusions Two of six vocational-interest scales show substantial relationships with regional gray matter volume. The overlap between the brain correlates of these scales and cognitive-ability factors suggest there are relationships between individual differences in brain structure and vocations.

  19. Medical sociology as a vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosk, Charles L

    2014-12-01

    This article extends Weber's discussion of science as a vocation by applying it to medical sociology. Having used qualitative methods for nearly 40 years to interpret problems of meaning as they arise in the context of health care, I describe how ethnography, in particular, and qualitative inquiry, more generally, may be used as a tool for understanding fundamental questions close to the heart but far from the mind of medical sociology. Such questions overlap with major policy questions such as how do we achieve a higher standard for quality of care and assure the safety of patients. Using my own research, I show how this engagement takes the form of showing how simple narratives of policy change fail to address the complexities of the problems that they are designed to remedy. I also attempt to explain how I balance objectivity with a commitment to creating a more equitable framework for health care. © American Sociological Association 2014.

  20. Human Resources Development: Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training. Report VIII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The report presents responses from 57 member States of the International Labor Organization (ILO) to 16 questions as part of the preparation for placing an item entitled "Human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training" on the agenda of the 59th (1974) Session of the ILO Conference. For each of the questions, the question…

  1. Relationship of Vocational Satisfaction to the Correspondence of Job Reinforcement and Vocational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Robert R.; Weiss, David J.

    The Theory of Work Adjustment proposes that vocational satisfaction is a function of the correspondence between the reinforcers in the work environment and the individual's vocational needs. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the means and variances of measures of satisfaction for groups differing in degree of need-reinforcer correspondence.…

  2. Comparison of the Vocational Card Sort, the SDS, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    1979-01-01

    The Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), a combination of a Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and an action plan, was evaluated. High school girls took each of the tests. The VEIK failed to surpass the influence of its components. (Author/BEF)

  3. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  4. Occupational Home Economics. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Accessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains home economics occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in child care, custom sewing, or food service. Access skills are defined as those skills needed to access vocational education…

  5. Student and Parent Images of Vocational Education Offerings: Declining Enrollment in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    To investigate factors that influence a student not to enroll in a high school vocational curriculum, a study sought to determine the following: (1) what relationships exist between the high school students' sex, race, socioeconomic status, and curriculum choice and the students' image of vocational education; and (2) what image of vocational…

  6. Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilboe, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

  7. Studying Girls’ Opportunities to the Variation of the Field in Qom Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Jandaghi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been done to review of the girls’ opportunity to the variation of the field in Qom vocational training branch. The sample consisted of 318 female students of vocational training in the 2010-2011 school years which selected in random, cluster, class and a structured questionnaire was completed by them with 0.78 as reliability coefficient. The study shows that only 33.4 percent of girls in the industry have the opportunity to select their profession. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (38.6 and 28.2 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions on their opportunities. In agricultural field, only 43.4 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the agricultural sector (48.8 and 38.0 which shows a significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. In service sector, only 51.7 percent of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the service sector (46.5 and 57.2 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Overall, only 9.3% of girls have the opportunity to select their educational field. There is a 95 percent of confidence interval for girls’ opportunity ratio in the industrial sector (6.1 and 12.5 which shows a non significant difference of girls’ opinions their opportunities. Also, the possibility to prepare vocational training students for employment in the labor market, the possibility of the role played by vocational training in providing employment for young people – the influence of the future course for students on course selection – students’ interests in course selection and the possibility of keeping on the education in students interested fields in university are all high

  8. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  9. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  10. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  11. Agriculture: Land Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land Use and agriculture. Information about land use restrictions and incentive programs.Agricultural operations sometimes involve activities regulated by laws designed to protect water supplies, threatened or endangered plants and animals, or wetlands.

  12. Urban Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Margaret

    1991-01-01

    John Bourne High School in Queens, New York, offers an agricultural program enrolling more than 400 students. The curriculum includes agricultural career exploration, plant and animal science, summer land laboratories, and a special education component. (SK)

  13. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban

  14. National Agriculture Imagery Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. A primary goal of the NAIP...

  15. Agriculture: Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Climate change affects agricultural producers because agriculture and fisheries depend on specific climate conditions. Temperature changes can cause crop planting dates to shift. Droughts and floods due to climate change may hinder farming practices.

  16. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  17. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  18. Innovations in urban agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban agriculture, including food security, income generation and environmental management.

  19. The Business English Teaching in Vocational Technology College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2013-01-01

    The vocational business English teaching should adapt to the requirments of enterprise, focus on the practical applica⁃tion of business English, and empolder a teaching mode with vocational characteristics.

  20. Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poor, Charles R.

    1975-01-01

    Reviews historical development of organized vocational rehabilitation programming for the spinal cord injured in the United States. Significant factors that affect vocational rehabilitation outcomes with spinal cord injured persons are listed and discussed. (Author)

  1. Bilingual Vocational Education for Youths with Limited English Proficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Mary Jo

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Bilingual Vocational Education Program for Refugee Youth in Richmond, Virginia. Presents data that support the concept of mainstreaming refugee youth with limited English proficiency into public vocational education programs using the assistance of bilingual aides. (Author)

  2. Effective Management of Wastages in Vocational Education for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gold

    2012-07-26

    Jul 26, 2012 ... Abstract. This paper focused on the management of wastages in vocational Education for sustainable ... A number of strategies were proffered to curb wastages in vocational ..... CHEEBAL Global Prints, Ltd. Offiong A.A., Okon ...

  3. Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice and Postulated Value Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laudeman, Kent A.; Griffeth, Paul

    1978-01-01

    The validity of Holland's vocational personality types and their relationship to value dimensions were examined in light of Holland's theory of vocational choice. The results generally supported Holland's postulated personality typologies and value dimensions. (Author/JKS)

  4. Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice and Postulated Value Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laudeman, Kent A.; Griffeth, Paul

    1978-01-01

    The validity of Holland's vocational personality types and their relationship to value dimensions were examined in light of Holland's theory of vocational choice. The results generally supported Holland's postulated personality typologies and value dimensions. (Author/JKS)

  5. Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ketelaar, Evelien; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Boshuizen, Els

    2012-01-01

    Ketelaar, E., Den Brok, P., Beijaard, D., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2012). Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 64(3), 295-315. doi:10.1080/13636820.2012.691534

  6. Introduction to Agronomy, Grain Crops, Weeds and Controls. A Learning Activity Pac in Agricultural Education Courses in Wisconsin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Div. of Instructional Services.

    This learning activity pac contains information to help the teachers of high school vocational agriculture in the instructional area of agronomy. Each of the two main sections, grain crops and weeds and controls, includes teacher and student units for the section lessons. Teacher units include special instructions--equipment needed (film…

  7. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  8. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    , about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...... between agricultural science and ethics....

  9. The European Dimensions of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sós Tamás

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research examined the connection between vocational education, training and the world of work, and the social situation in Hungary in a European outlook. The accentual issues of the analysis disclosing the problem are: youth unemployment, the tendencies of secondary vocational education, proportions of enrollment and the features of training tendencies, the growing number of early dropouts, the effect of family background on student performance. This work tried to find the answer to the question: What variations have the changes in the regulations of vocational training, encouraging dual education brought on in the connection between trainers and work places? The research did not prove that the central vocational training system would be more effective than a varied, flexible, permeable, transparent decentralized operation with parts built on each other. The introduction of the complex exam overshadowed the evaluation of the competency areas, and fits less to the modularity of the framework curricula. With the legal regulation of vocational training in force the modular system has become a formality. Taking prior knowledge into account has become more difficult. The efficiency of professional structural decisions is questionable, it has not triggered the extension of employment among career starters, and does not mean a guarantee of finding a job either. Creating the motivation of economic role players may bring on steps forward to take up bigger tasks in vocational training. The research has confirmed the importance of improving the basic competency areas when planning vocational training, of life-long learning, of practice orientation, and also of the continuous connection with the labor market.

  10. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  11. The Analysis of Vocational Aptitude Changing with Age

    OpenAIRE

    Wada, Masayuki; OGAWA, Kazuo; Akagi, Fumio; Osaki, Hirokazu; Kikuchi, Susumu

    1980-01-01

    The assumption that vocational aptitude changed with age and with the kind of occupation was examined from the tendency of the fitted curve for the score of the aptitude test. 9 vocational aptitudes were measured by the general vocational aptitude test by Japan Labor Ministry. Subjects were 382 male workers (design engineers, turners, welders, can manufacturing workers, and crane operators) of from 20 to 59 years old, and 348 male and female students (junior high school, vocational school, an...

  12. Explore the Demand of Agricultural Modernization to Agricultural Special Talents%农业现代化对农业专项人才的需求探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢立峰

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural modernization needs agricultural colleges and universities to train high-quality agricultural technol-ogical innovation. According to modern agricultural demand for talent, agricultural colleges to market-oriented agriculture, for rural economic development and social progress, and constantly deepen educational reform, agricultural modernization cultivate innovative talents. This paper describes the characteristics of agricultural modernization, the characteristics of mod-ern agricultural special talent, a brief analysis of the status of agricultural special talents of vocational education, and then put forward the corresponding change initiatives.%农业现代化建设需要农业院校培养出高素质的农业科技创新人才.根据现代农业对人才的需求,农业院校要面向农业市场,面向农村经济建设和社会进步,不断深化教育教学改革,为农业现代化发展培养创新人才.本文阐述了农业现代化的特点、现代农业专项人才的特点,简要分析了农业专项人才职业教育的现状,进而提出了相应的农业专项人才职业教育的变革举措.

  13. Schools and Work: Developments in Vocational Education. Cassell Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffey, David

    This book assesses the developing vocational functions of schools in Britain, identifies vocational values and policies, and discovers gaps in provision. Chapter 1 gives a summary analysis of school structural and curricular developments between medieval times and the reign of Victoria that were inspired by vocational or economic influences or had…

  14. 20 CFR 229.81 - Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation... Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation. The DIB O/M is not payable for any month in which the disabled employee refuses, without good reason, to accept vocational rehabilitation services...

  15. A Theory-Ridden, Computerless, Impersonal Vocational Guidance System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    Beginning with a brief summary of the need for practical vocational guidance systems, the author explains his Self Directed Search for Educational and Vocational Planning (SDS), which was developed to provide a cheap, practical, vocational guidance system having a high degree of scientific validty and client effectiveness. The SDS is a…

  16. Institutionalization of Higher Vocational Education in China: A Neoinstitutionalist Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Jie

    2013-01-01

    From the perspective of neoinstitutionalism, higher vocational education has become an emerging institution in Chinese society. Its development over three decades entails a trend of institutionalization of higher vocational education. In such a process, higher vocational education is gaining legitimacy and experiencing isomorphic changes. Various…

  17. History of Adult Vocational Education in New Brunswick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton (Canada).

    This paper traces the development of adult vocational education in New Brunswick from its beginning in 1918 to the present. Highlights summarize the adult vocational history before confederation and to World War I, when the first Vocational Education Act was passed in 1918. The paper then summarizes the events of World War I and the Depression…

  18. Vocational Profiles and Internship Quality among Portuguese VET Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamboa, Vitor; Paixão, Maria Paula; de Jesus, Saúl Neves

    2014-01-01

    The provision of workplace-based experiences (internships) is an important component of the training program for students attending vocational education courses. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between internship quality and students vocational development, considering students' vocational profiles, in a sample of 346…

  19. Working Partnerships: A Joint Venture in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    Joint Ventures in Vocational Education projects link participating businesses with secondary vocational programs in a cooperative relationship. These are voluntary arrangements between vocational programs and a public or private sector agency that combine the energies and resources of the partners to enrich various aspects of the vocational…

  20. Recent Research on Labor Market Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    This paper synthesizes the results of recent research on the labor market outcomes associated with participation in secondary vocational education. It is based on 10 studies conducted with national data and reported since passage of the 1976 amendments to the Vocational Education Act of 1963. Despite the problems of analyzing vocational outcomes…

  1. The Vocational Baccalaureate: A Gateway to Higher Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gendron, Benedicte

    2009-01-01

    Access to the baccalaureate and higher education in France has become more democratic. The introduction of the vocational baccalaureate has been part of this process, but remains a modest step forward given the very low take-up of vocational baccalaureate courses. If vocational education pathways in France are to become true gateways to higher…

  2. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  3. Vocational Training in the Development Process. The Singapore Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, G. F.

    The planning and implementation of vocational training in Singapore (training primarily intended for school-leavers) is highly directed toward serving labor force development objectives. This paper explains the vocational training infrastructure (a national system, the conduct of which is vested in the Vocational and Industrial Training Board),…

  4. The Relative Good of Work: Reconsidering Vocation Eschatologically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vos, Pieter

    2017-01-01

    Vocation, interpreted as the calling of every individual believer to serve God in ordinary life, has been an important feature of Protestantism. However, not only has the notion of vocation gradually disappeared from the late modern understanding of work and profession, the identification of vocation and work has also been criticized by…

  5. Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munley, Patrick H.

    1975-01-01

    Stage resolution attitudes, derived from the first six stage crises outlined by Erikson, were explored as variables influencing problems in vocational choice and vocational maturity. Findings indicated students who made adjusted vocational choices and developed mature career attitudes had also been more successful resolving the first six…

  6. Working Partnerships: A Joint Venture in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    Joint Ventures in Vocational Education projects link participating businesses with secondary vocational programs in a cooperative relationship. These are voluntary arrangements between vocational programs and a public or private sector agency that combine the energies and resources of the partners to enrich various aspects of the vocational…

  7. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  8. Professional Identities of Vocational High School Students and Extracurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, Bilge Aslan; Altintas, Havva Ozge

    2017-01-01

    Vocational high schools are one of the controversial topics, and also the hardly touched fields in educational field. Students' profiles of vocational schools, their visions, and professional identity developments are not frequently reflected in the literature. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to research whether vocational high school…

  9. Financing Technical and Vocational Education: Modalities and Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    German Foundation for International Development (DSE), Bonn (Germany).

    The two papers in this document explain various options and modalities for UNEVOC (International Project on Technical and Vocational Education) Member States' financing of their individual systems of technical and vocational education and disseminating experiences in this area. "Financing Vocational Education and Training in Developing…

  10. The Effects of Vocational Leadership Development for Individuals Who Participated in the Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leimbach, Gale John

    The effects of vocational leadership development were studied for 23 Fellows enrolled in the 1992 Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute (OVELI). A literature review focused on four components: leadership styles, educational leadership development, vocational leadership development, and visionary leadership development. The Leadership…

  11. Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad S. Allahyari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79. Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1 Holistic organizations (2 Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

  12. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE VS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz KUSZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the correlation between the need to modernise agriculture and sustainable development. Modernisation of agriculture aiming only at increasing the efficiency of production, if implemented in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, enabled reduction in the negative external effects. Modernisation of agriculture is supposed to ensure productivity growth without imposing any threats to the natural environment and the well-being of animals, reduced impoverishment in rural areas as well as to ensure food security, growth in the profitability of farms, improvement to the efficiency of use of natural resources. Therefore, in the near future, the agriculture – environment relation will be subject to change taking into account, on the one hand, concern about the natural environment, and, on the other, pressure on increasing the efficiency of production. The above challenges will be addressed by the need to implement efficient and, at the same time, environmentally-friendly production technologies and relevant legal instruments which oblige agricultural producers to protect the natural environment.

  13. Vocational and Technical Education Master's Employment-oriented Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋琳

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,as China's rapid economic development,vocational and technical education has been gradually recognized by the society.As highly educated people,vocational and technical education graduate is an important force in the development of vocational education.But in reality,their employment orientation deviate from the trend of the profession and only a small part of them do related work after graducation.Combined with the current development status of vocational education,the article analysis the reasons of this problem and give policy recommendations,so as to create a good environment for vocational and technical education talented people.

  14. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students...... interviews with students from the Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy program and concepts developed by Bernstein and Bourdieu, the article analyzes how these aspects might affect the development of new vocational didactics. We know that it is not easy to change the culture of educational institutions...

  15. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    from backgrounds with no tradition for education. Despite historical changes, the education as vocational college teacher also struggles with the interplay between theory and practice in the program and great diversity among vocational college teachers. Based on empirical data from focus group......A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students......, and the analysis uncovers several factors that are expected to hamper the development processes....

  16. Vocation in theology-based nursing theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundmark, Mikael

    2007-11-01

    By using the concepts of intrinsicality/extrinsicality as analytic tools, the theology-based nursing theories of Ann Bradshaw and Katie Eriksson are analyzed regarding their explicit and/or implicit understanding of vocation as a motivational factor for nursing. The results show that both theories view intrinsic values as guarantees against reducing nursing practice to mechanistic applications of techniques and as being a way of reinforcing a high ethical standard. The theories explicitly (Bradshaw) or implicitly (Eriksson) advocate a vocational understanding of nursing as being essential for nursing theories. Eriksson's theory has a potential for conceptualizing an understanding of extrinsic and intrinsic motivational factors for nursing but one weakness in the theory could be the risk of slipping over to moral judgments where intrinsic factors are valued as being superior to extrinsic. Bradshaw's theory is more complex and explicit in understanding the concept of vocation and is theologically more plausible, although also more confessional.

  17. Vocational Counseling and Training for Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Mercedes Vicente Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Deciding on a university degree is undoubtedly a difficult choice. This situation brings about fear of failing and disappointing yourself and others, which is a common feeling among high school students, becoming a source of anxiety and stress. This demonstrates the need for an appropriate vocational and professional guidance. In Cuba, this subject is gaining importance, since a greater number of youngsters have the opportunity to choose from more professions; thus, deciding on one or the other is a problem of great practical and social impact. Vocational guidance and training in the Cuban educational context aims to reaffirm the inclination of youth towards medical studies, where they fully develop their potential, on the basis of consolidating values and feelings, and a high social, moral and unconditional commitment to the practice of the profession. This paper presents various issues that currently affect vocational guidance and the role of each of the major participants in the process itself.

  18. Wellbeing and smoking at Danish vocational schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Susan; Rod, Morten Hulvej; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    Background School dropout and health risk behavior represent major problems among students attending vocational education in Denmark and many other countries. Modifications to the social environment may promote educational attainment as well as the health and wellbeing of young people. However......, there is a need for more evidence-based intervention programs. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a settings-based intervention (Shaping the Social) at vocational schools on student wellbeing and smoking. Methods We employed a non-randomized controlled trial of 5794 students (mean age 21...... years; 81% male) in 10 (four intervention and six comparison) large vocational schools in Denmark. The intervention integrated social activities with professional learning and focused on four themes: introduction activities; daily class meetings; scheduled breaks; creating a pleasant non-smoking...

  19. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  20. Ukraine Agricultural Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The agri-food sector is an important part of the Ukrainian economy. Agriculture could make an even larger contribution to economic growth and the vitality of rural areas in Ukraine than is currently the case. Ukraine has the agro-climatic potential to be a major player on world agricultural markets. Agricultural competitiveness in Ukraine also suffers from inadequate systems to test and do...

  1. Organic Agriculture and Nanotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    Jahanban, Leila; Davari, Mohammadreza

    2014-01-01

    Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. On the other hand, nanotechnology is a rapidly developing domain of research and practice, the terminology is in a state of flux and usage is evolving. Nano-applications are being applied across the entire agriculture and food sectors. In agriculture, for example, nano-pesticides and nano-sensors are changing ...

  2. Agriculture - reconciling ancient tensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Atkinson

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making in agriculture has tended to be driven by factors other than environmental concerns. This may be changing, and perhaps the emphases of the two creation accounts in Genesis (responsible management or 'dominion', and active care may become more important. The paper examines a number of current developments in agriculture (synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetic manipulation, and organic versus industrial methodologies and discusses the issues they raise for agricultural productivity and the human communities dependent on farming. The questions raised are complex; we are faced with establishing a new paradigm for agricultural practice.

  3. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...

  4. Malawi - Conservation Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The randomized control trial impact evaluation tests different strategies for communicating information about agricultural technologies to smallholder maize farmers...

  5. Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdo Bašić

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available After becoming self-standing state one of new needs of Croatia important for agricultural profession, farmers, policy makers and public needs was regionalization of agriculture. It is the analyse of state of agroecological conditions in agrosphere and based on results identification and territorial separation of agricultural regions as parts of agrosphere with similar conditions for plant and animal growing and similar farming systems. On this track within a special project we fi nished an inventory of agrosphere, result of which is Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture presented in this paper. Following wise message of old Chinese proverb cited above, the starting approach is the MFCAL concept (Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land, which means that apart from very important and primary economic, agriculture and agricultural land (soil in human life play other roles (functions of similar importance; environmental, social, cultural and spatial, as well as the role of shaping the cultural landscape as a factor of rural development. As well, we respect the point of view prevailing in EU that all natural resources used in agriculture but at the fi rst place soil as a major one, need sustainable use and efficient protection. Using the data on Land resource potential based primarily on data of General Soil Map of Croatia (GSM in a scale of 1:50 000 and results of our research in the period 2000 – 2003, the agrosphere of Croatia is divided in three agricultural regions; Pannonian with four, Mountain with two and Adriatic with three subregions.

  6. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes....... This makes it difficult to compare the resources used, since some programmes by their nature require more classroom time and equipment than others. It is also far from straightforward to compare college effects with respect to grades, since the various programmes apply very different forms of assessment...

  7. Questioning Styles in Vocational College English Classrooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒立志

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of TBLT reform in Higher Vocational Colleges from the perspective of questioning styles.It employs three methods to collect data:classroom observation,semi-structured interviews and focus group discussion with eight English teachers and their 384 non-English major students from three Higher Vocational Colleges in Guangdong.The results indicated that the teachers assigned students different tasks to perform in class.They seemed to be adopting the TBLT approach,but their English classes were not totally different from the teacher-centered grammar-focused lessons,the student-centered or communicative lessons.

  8. Wildlife Conservation and Management Curriculum Guide for Vocational Agriculture/Agribusiness. Vocational Education Research. Bulletin No. 1853.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of Southwestern Louisiana, Lafayette.

    This document contains teacher's materials for an 8-unit course in wildlife conservation and management for 11th and 12th graders. The units are as follows: Making Observations and Records of Wildlife; Habitat Analysis and Evaluation; Collection and Preservation of Biological Materials; Wildlife Population Analysis; Identifying and Controlling…

  9. The effects of school systems, teacher internal characteristics, and students on vocational teacher stress

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    Job stress is a multidimensional phenomenon. The researcher sought to examine variables that cause vocational teachers to experience stress in their teaching occupations and to evaluate the effects of these related stressors. This research evaluated the relationships between school systems and vocational teacher stress, teacher internal characteristics and vocational teacher stress, and students and vocational teacher stress. It also analyzed vocational teacher stre...

  10. Clustering of agricultural enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Beranová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural business is a very specific branch which is characterized by very low financial performance while this characteristic is given mainly by external factors as market pricing of agricultural commodities on one side, and production costs of agricultural commodities on the other side. This way, agricultural enterprises recognize negative values of gross margin in the Profit and Loss Statement but positive value of operating profit after even there are items of costs which are deducted. These results are derived from agricultural production subsidies which are recognized as income in the P/L Statement. In connection with this fact, the government subsidies are a substantial component of financial performance of agricultural enterprises.Primary research proceeded on the statistical sample of one hundred agricultural companies, has shown that also other specifics influencing financial performance of these businesses exist here. In order to determine the influences, the cluster analysis has been applied at using more than 10 variables. This approach has led to construction of clusters (groups of agricultural business entities with different characteristics of the group. The objective of this paper is to identify the main determinants of financial performance of agricultural enterprises and to determine their influences under different economic characteristics of these business entities. For this purpose, the regression analysis has been subsequently applied on the groups of companies coming out from the cluster analysis. Besides the operating profit which is the main driving force of financial performance measured with the economic value added (EVA in agricultural enterprises, also capital structure and cost of capital have been observed as very strong influences on financial performance but these factors have different directions of their influence on the economic value added under different financial characteristics of agricultural

  11. An Educational–Vocational Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalervo Friberg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Changes in student-affective entry characteristics were examined in an educational−vocational intervention at Finnish comprehensive school. The conceptual framework constructed from attitudes as learned dispositions (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975 and self-determination (Deci & Ryan, 1985 was tested in a longitudinal study. A person-based survey questionnaire was designed, piloted, and validated. Spearman−Brown reliability was calculated. In the first observation, 669 (Time One Cohort, and in the second, 649 (Time Two Cohort subjects (girls and boys of mean ages of 14.5 and 16.0 years took the Web-based survey. The tested hypotheses were (a variables of self-determination, self-regulation, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation would emerge as attitudinal domains in work−life orientation; (b the experiences during the implementation of a work−life orientation program would decrease the effects of seventh-grade student background factors at the end of the program in the ninth grade, and (c work−life orientation would be effective and have efficacy in changing student attitudes in relation to further education and occupations. Three factors emerged in the Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis. The factors Independence, Self-Direction, and Flexibility were used as the dependents in repeated measures in a general linear model. The factor means were subjected to a paired samples t test. There was development toward stronger Independence and Flexibility in the case of both genders. The boys had gained the girls’ seventh-grade lead at the end of the program. Self-Direction did not show any changes. Empirical findings tentatively supported the program’s efficacy in changing entry characteristics.

  12. The Urban Agriculture Circle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, J.E.; Chambers, Joe; Sabas, Eva; Veen, E.J.

    2015-01-01

    The lack of inclusion of urban agriculture in city planning directly affects the success of initiatives in this sector, which subsequently could impede fu-ture innovations. The poor representation of urban agriculture in planning can be attributed to a lack of understanding about its multi-functiona

  13. Agricultural Technology Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Board of Education, Raleigh. Agricultural Technology Education Section.

    Agricultural education programs available through North Carolina's newly created system of industrial education center, technical institutes, and community colleges are described. The information is for use by administrators, and teachers of adult agricultural courses and counselors of high school dropouts and graduates. It describes the need for…

  14. Legislature Abolishes Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      China's 2,600-year-old agricultural tax will be rescinded as of Jan. 1,2006, after China's top legislature voted on December 27 to adopt a motion on the regulations revoking the agricultural tax.……

  15. Good Wetland Agricultural Practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hengsdijk, H.; Zingstra, H.L.

    2009-01-01

    Within the Guiding Agriculture Wetland Interaction (GAWI) project the Driver!Pressure!State! Impact!Response (DPSIR) approach has been adopted to describe and analyse agriculture!wetland interactions. The DPSIR approach provides a consistent framework to analyse the complex causal chain among

  16. Agricultural lung diseases.

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkhorn, S R; Garry, V F

    2000-01-01

    Agriculture is considered one of the most hazardous occupations. Organic dusts and toxic gases constitute some of the most common and potentially disabling occupational and environmental hazards. The changing patterns of agriculture have paradoxically contributed to both improved working conditions and increased exposure to respiratory hazards. Animal confinement operations with increasing animal density, particularly swine confinement, have contributed significantly to increased intensity an...

  17. Biomass Resources: Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluts, Ingeborg N.; Brinkman, Marnix L. J.; de Jong, Sierk A.; Junginger, H. Martin

    2017-01-01

    Bioenergy is the single largest source of renewable energy in the European Union (EU-28); of this, 14% was produced from agricultural feedstocks in 2012. This chapter provides an overview of the current use (for bioenergy) and future potential of agricultural feedstocks for (amongst others)

  18. Conservation Agriculture in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á. Kertész

    2014-03-01

    Yield performance and stability, operating costs, environmental policies and programs of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP, and climate change will likely be the major driving forces defining the direction and for the extension of CA in Europe. The role of agriculture in climate change mitigation in the EU is discussed in the paper.

  19. Theme: Marketing Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staller, Bernie L.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Consists of six articles on marketing agricultural education. Topics include (1) being consumer conscious, (2) cooperating with agribusiness, (3) preparing students for postsecondary education, (4) allowing concurrent enrollments, (5) saving the failing agricultural program, and (6) refocusing the curriculum toward agrimarketing. (CH)

  20. Theme: Urban Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellibee, Margaret; And Others

    1990-01-01

    On the theme of secondary agricultural education in urban areas, this issue includes articles on opportunities, future directions, and implications for the profession; creative supervised experiences for horticulture students; floral marketing, multicultural education; and cultural diversity in urban agricultural education. (JOW)

  1. Driving Web 2.0 Tool Adoption in Agricultural Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantina Costopouloul

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The new opportunities for collaboration, participatory content creation and communication offered through the advancements of Web 2.0, such as social networking, blogs, wikis, video sharing and other, are creating new learning models. In turn, tutors cannot ignore this trend and have to bear the responsibility of incorporating Web 2.0 tools in formal, informal, work-based and vocational education and approach their students in a very familiar and favourable way. In this context, this paper tries to highlight the need for enhancing tutors’ skills and drive Web 2.0 tool adoption in educational practice. Thus, it draws upon the successful example of a European project regarding agricultural tutors’ training on Web 2.0 tools. The challenge for all agricultural tutors is how to integrate Web 2.0 tools into current curricula and education.

  2. Identifying International Agricultural Concepts for Secondary Agricultural Education Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conner, Nathan W.; Gates, Hailey; Stripling, Christopher T.

    2017-01-01

    The globalization of the agriculture industry has created an emerging need for agricultural education in the United States to take a more globalized approach to prepare students for future careers in agriculture. The purpose of this study was to identify international agricultural concepts for secondary agricultural education curriculum. A Delphi…

  3. On New Vocational Farmers' Cultivation Strategy%实施新型职业农民培养的战略对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云海

    2015-01-01

    In the critical transitional period of transforming traditional agriculture to modern agriculture, Chi-na needs a large number of new vocational farmers with high quality. The present stage witnessed the problem of disadvantageous quality of the new vocational farmers, which does not accord with the development of modern ag-riculture. Therefore, the state should enhance the improvement of new vocational farmers ' quality to meet the needs of modern agricultural development by making new strategies, resetting the cultivation objectives and con-tents, adopting a series of effective scientific measures and increasing the financial and efforts input.%我国农业处于传统农业向现代农业变革的重要时期,而现代农业需要大量高素质的新型职业农民. 现阶段我国新型职业农民素质偏低,与现代农业发展不相适应. 为此,国家应该从战略角度,通过制定培养目标、内容,采用一系列科学有效措施,加大资金和精力投入力度,切实提高新型职业农民职业素养,满足现代农业发展需要.

  4. Perspectives on Vocational Behavior, 1986: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaney, Robert B.; Russell, Joyce E. A.

    1987-01-01

    Based on perspectives of counseling psychology and industrial/organizational psychology, this article reviews publications relevant to vocational behavior that appeared during 1986. Of the over 700 articles and 70 books or book chapters located, slightly less than one-half are reviewed. (Author/NB)

  5. Global Reconstructions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avis, James

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, the author examines the wider context within which vocational education and training (VET) is set and the surrounding debates. He considers the prominence of neoliberalism and notions of competitiveness, crisis, skill and knowledge. Despite differences between systems of VET with respect to their reach…

  6. John Holland's Vocational Typology and Personality Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Robert; Blake, Rex

    1999-01-01

    The literature provides evidence of links between measures of personality and vocational interests as theorized by Holland. Personality and interest assessments offer critical information for predicting career success. Personality assessment reflects the individual viewed by an observer and interest measurement reflects the individual's…

  7. Diagnostic Scheme for Specifying Vocational Assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    The validity of some theoretically-derived vocational diagnostic signs was examined to learn if a person's self-knowledge, occupational knowledge, and decision-making ability were predictable. Diverse samples of high school juniors (N = 1005), college juniors (N = 692), and employed adults (N = 140) were administered the Self-Directed Search (the…

  8. Vocational Rehabilitation for Women with Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stace, Sheila

    1987-01-01

    Women with disabilities have limited access to the labor market owing to the double disadvantage of being both disabled and female. The current rehabilitation system is inadequate to meet this population's needs. Further research, broader action programs, changes in vocational rehabilitation, and active measures against discrimination are needed.…

  9. Achieving Sex Equity via Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetsch, David L.; Gulledge, Earl N.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the women's rights movement and discusses the evolution of society's attitudes toward women. Discusses the goals and methods of Okaloosa-Walton Junior College Sex Equity Plan, a vocational education program for achieving sex equity. Highlights five major components: education, student recruitment, self-paced, self-directed instruction, job…

  10. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  11. Evaluating Vocational Programs: A Three Dimensional Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Sharaf N.; Nejad, Mahmoud

    The traditional methods of assessing the academic programs in the liberal arts are inappropriate for evaluating vocational and technical programs. In traditional academic disciplines, assessment of instruction is conducted in two fashions: student evaluation at the end of a course and institutional assessment of its goals and mission. Because of…

  12. Vocational Teacher Stress and Internal Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Elaine

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 235 Virginia vocational teachers examined 6 internal characteristics that would affect stress: role preparedness, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, illness symptoms, locus of control, and self-esteem. Role preparedness, illness symptoms, and self-esteem were significant contributors in explaining teacher stress. (SK)

  13. Vocational perspectives after spinal cord injury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schonherr, MC; Groothoff, JW; Mulder, GA; Eisma, WH; Schönherr, M.C.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To give insight into the vocational situation several years after a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and describe the personal experiences and unmet needs; to give an overview of health and functional status per type of SCI and their relationship with employment status. Design: Descript

  14. Dental Assisting Course. Bilingual Vocational Instructional Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Cox, Guadalupe

    This course in dental assisting, one of a series of bilingual English-Spanish vocational education courses, is designed to prepare the student to assist the dentist at the chairside in the dental operatory, to perform reception and clerical functions, and to carry out selected dental laboratory work. The course covers an introduction to the…

  15. Special Education and Vocational Education Compatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, Myrtle E.; Kallman, James R.

    1977-01-01

    The differences in the developmental philosophies of vocational education personnel and special education personnel, and the effects of these differences on students, are discussed. The need to examine specific job skills, to work with groups and modify group-developed materials, and to look at individual students prescriptively are discussed.…

  16. Children's Vocational Development: A Research Rationale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porfeli, Erik J.; Hartung, Paul J.; Vondracek, Fred W.

    2008-01-01

    Vocational development research and interventions have focused primarily on adolescents and young adults. The lack of attention to career development antecedents in children has led to a serious neglect of this period of life when the foundation is laid for career choices and outcomes in later life. A harmful by-product is the frequent preclusion…

  17. Integrating Computer Literacy into the Vocational Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whatley, Myra N.

    In the summer of 1983, a centralized microcomputer laboratory was established on the Sarasota County Vocational Technical Center campus. Computers (IBM PCs, APPLE IIes, and TRS-80s) were installed and the teacher who had written the program proposal was chosen to teach the course of instruction to be offered by the laboratory. When classes began…

  18. Research and Development Needs of Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V., Ed.

    Intended to provide information on applied research and development (R&D) priorities in vocational education and on the type of R&D required for each need, this report is divided into (1) an introduction to the problem and procedures, (2) a content analysis of selected documents, and (3) background papers for selected need areas. Chapter 1…

  19. Anticipating Future Influences on Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.; And Others

    In a study conducted to identify the major forces that appear likely to influence vocational education in the next three to five years, a general model or conceptual framework was developed and modified by suggestions from a panel of experts. The following were identified as major influences: (1) a gradual decrease in the number of secondary…

  20. Cosmetology Reading Strategies. 1980 Vocational Reading Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, L. Jay; And Others

    Cosmetology Reading Strategies is one of five instructional guides in the Reading Strategies in Vocational Education Series. Developed to assist teachers working with students considered disadvantaged because of reading deficiency, the guide contains several strategies, suitable for adaptation, specifically related to cosmetology instruction. Each…

  1. Integrating Science with Technical and Vocational Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Larry; Shreckengast, Craig

    This guide presents learning activities and lesson plans that integrate science with technical and vocational areas. Activities and plans are organized under broad headings such as Environmental Science and Acid Rain Research; Criminal Justice, Chemistry, and Narcotics; Children's Education and Services; Cosmetology; and Health Professions.…

  2. Revised Recommendation Concerning Technical and Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    The UNESCO (United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) revised recommendation setting forth general principles, goals, and guidelines concerning technical and vocational education (adopted by the General Conference at its 18th session in Paris, 19 November 1974) is presented under the following headings: (1) Technical and…

  3. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  4. English Higher Education and Its Vocational Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, Gareth

    2015-01-01

    Distinctions between academic, vocational and professional education inform but do not define the divisions of English higher education. Nevertheless, there are zones where courses, qualifications and institutions are specifically oriented to the world of work. These include most short-cycle higher education, large parts of undergraduate and…

  5. VR closure rates for two vocational models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Virginia V; Jones, Amanda M; Frounfelker, Rochelle; Harding, Brian; Hardin, Teresa; Bond, Gary R

    2008-01-01

    The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment is an evidence-based practice for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. To be financially viable, IPS programs require funding from the state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) system. However, some observers have questioned the compatibility of IPS and the VR system. Using a randomized controlled trial comparing IPS to a well-established vocational program called the Diversified Placement Approach (DPA), we examined rates of VR sponsorship and successful VR closures. We also describe the establishment of an active collaboration between a psychiatric rehabilitation agency and the state VR system to facilitate rapid VR sponsorship for IPS clients. Both IPS and DPA achieved a 44% rate of VR Status 26 closure when considering all clients entering the study. IPS and DPA averaged similar amount of time to achieve VR sponsorship. Time from vocational program entry to Status 26 was 51 days longer on average for IPS. Even though several IPS principles seem to run counter to VR practices, such as zero exclusion and rapid job search, we found IPS closure rates comparable to those for DPA, a vocational model that screens for readiness, provides prevocational preparation, and extensively uses agency-run businesses.

  6. Secondary Vocational Horticulture Programs--An Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Michael F.; Smith, Charles W.

    1983-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine characteristics of secondary horticulture teachers, the structure of horticulture departments, funding sources, nature and scope of facilities, types of supervised occupational experience programs in which horticulture students participated, and curriculum characteristics of vocational horticulture…

  7. Commercial Refrigeration Technology. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    The program guide for commercial refrigeration technology courses in Florida identifies primary considerations for the organization, operation, and evaluation of a vocational education program. Following an occupational description for the job title for refrigeration mechanic, and its Dictionary of Occupational Titles code, are six sections…

  8. Vocational Choice: A Decision Making Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauermann, Henry

    2005-01-01

    We propose a model of vocational choice that can be used for analyzing and guiding the decision processes underlying career and job choices. Our model is based on research in behavioral decision making (BDM), in particular the choice goals framework developed by Bettman, Luce, and Payne (1998). The basic model involves two major processes. First,…

  9. FORCE Containing Vocational Training in Europe. Vademecum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    FORCE Technical Assistance Office, Brussels (Belgium).

    The aim of the FORCE program is to promote the continuing vocational training of workers in Member States of the European Community (EC). FORCE offers assistance at national and EC levels in implementing measures to enhance both the development and quality of continuing training. Measures at the national level comprise the preparation of regular…

  10. Decision-Making Style and Vocational Maturity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Susan D.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1982-01-01

    Examined the relationship between decision-making style, scholastic achievement, and vocational maturity for college students (N=64). Results did not support the hypothesized relationship between rationality and attitudinal and cognitive maturity. Scholastic achievement and lack of dependent decision style were found to be moderately predictive of…

  11. Parental Influence on College and Vocational Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venerable, Wilbur R.

    1974-01-01

    Reports on a survey made of 300 freshmen college students on the amount of perceived parental influence on college and vocational choice. Although students surveyed indicated that they made their own decisions, most said that they sought parental advice on important issues. (Author/PC)

  12. Dual model of vocational education: Austrian example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomić Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dual education, as a form of secondary vocational education means that education and practical training are held on two locations - in school and in a company (organization, factory and that these two institutions jointly participate in the realization of vocational education. The paper presents an account of the functioning of dual education in Austria. In that framework special attention was paid to law regulations in this field, the modes of dual education, progression through the system and the perspectives of the young in the labour market. Among the key features of dual education which are, at the same time, considered the factors of its successfulness, the following stand out: active role of social partners in the conceptualization and realization of vocational education; intensive practical training of high quality; systemic interrelatedness of vocational schools and firms where practical training is provided, the compliance of the offer of educational profiles and the needs of labour market; the system of stimulation for the firms that provide professional training for students, clear legislation and the system of professional qualifications. Yet, the challenges of dual educations are not neglected in the paper.

  13. Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

    2011-01-01

    As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing…

  14. Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

    2011-01-01

    As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing…

  15. Vocational Education Curriculum Development. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlichting, Harley

    A project was conducted at the University of Missouri-Columbia to develop, revise, and complete curriculum materials for nine secondary vocational education programs and specialized areas: forestry, advanced crops, clerical/secretarial, junior high home economics, textile fibers, drafting and design, metals, licensed practical nursing/advanced…

  16. Vocational and Technical Education Reform in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, Abdurrahman

    2006-01-01

    Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…

  17. Developing Vocational Competences during Secondary School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behle, Heike

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Using the example of an amalgamated secondary school qualification (International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme--IBCP), in which both vocational education and training (VET) and academic subjects are taught, the paper aims to discuss the use of skills and knowledge gained during the IBCP for post-secondary school activities.…

  18. Brain Damage in Deaf Vocational Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Marc; Vernon, McCay

    1986-01-01

    Screening of 54 deaf vocational clients by the Bender-Gestalt and other tests indicated the likely presence of significantly more brain damage than among the hearing population with a particularly high correlation between low IQ and brain damage in the deaf population. (DB)

  19. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  20. 77 FR 43560 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... CFR Chapter III American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and...) published on March 14, 2007 (72 FR 11851), provide vocational rehabilitation services to American Indians... projects initially funded in fiscal year (FY) 2007 under the American Indian Vocational...

  1. DEVELOPING THE NATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK: KYRGYZ EXPERIENCE OF QUALIFICATIONS ANALYSIS IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Мasuma I. Bashirova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper reveals the research outcomes concerning the qualifications requirements of the Kyrgyz Republic’s agricultural sector; the significance of the given sector and lack of competent specialists determine the research relevance. The methodology bases of quantitative and qualitative human resources analysis involved a traditional sociological survey and innovative methods of functional analysis. The research findings can be used for balancing the labor marker supply and demand, and ensure, therefore, the effective personnel management in agricultural industry. On the other hand, the above findings can improve the vocational training programs and mechanisms of training quality assessment to align them with the employers’ requirements.

  2. Current and desired competency levels of secondary agricultural teachers in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbert, Chanda Dehron

    The purpose of this study was to identify the competencies needed by secondary agricultural teachers in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Specifically, this study identified competencies needed to help make teachers more effective while working with special needs students. The objectives of the study were to: (1) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with handicapped students enrolled in agricultural and vocational education programs; (2) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with economically disadvantaged students enrolled in agricultural and vocational education programs; (3) determine, verify, and evaluate competencies needed by secondary teachers of agriculture to work with academically challenged students enrolled in agricultural and vocational programs; and (4) evaluate the self-perceived competency levels of secondary agricultural education teachers and their desired competency levels. A 50% simple random sample of secondary agricultural teachers from the Directory for Agricultural Education in Pennsylvania, 1999--2000 was used. The design for the study was a descriptive study. The data collection instrument used was divided into five different areas: personal characteristics, professional role and development, instructional role, knowledge statements, and student leadership and organization. Subjects were asked to rate their present and desired levels of competency in the categories using a Likert-type scale. The competency scale was as follows: 1 = not competent; 2 = slightly competent, 3 = competent; 4 = very competent; 5 = extremely competent. There were 153 questionnaires mailed to the secondary agricultural education teachers. A total of 96 teachers responded to the questionnaire. Frequencies and distributions were used to describe demographic variables. T-test and analysis of variance were used to determine relationships between

  3. Agriculture and private sector

    OpenAIRE

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    2014-01-01

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The pa...

  4. Atoms in Agriculture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborne, Thomas S. [University of Tennessee

    1965-01-01

    Agriculture benefits from the applications of research. Radioactive techniques have been used to study soils, plants, microbes, insects, farm animals, and new ways to use and preserve foodstuffs. Radioactive atoms are not used directly by farmers but are used in research directed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and Atomic Energy Commission, by the agricultural experiment stations of the various states, and by numerous public and private research institutions. From such research come improved materials and methods which are used on the farm.

  5. Organic agriculture in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    Dutch organic agriculture has unique characteristics and peculiarities. It is still a relatively small sector compared to conventional agriculture in the Netherlands. However, its market share is growing and organic agriculture leads the way in terms of sustainability and innovations

  6. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture...

  7. Agricultural Drainage Well Intakes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Locations of surface intakes for registered agriculture drainage wells according to the database maintained by IDALS. Surface intakes were located from their...

  8. Agricultural Producer Certificates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — A Certified Agricultural Producer, or representative thereof, is an individual who wishes to sell regionally-grown products in the public right-of-way. A Certified...

  9. World Agricultural Production

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Agriculture — Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of...

  10. Agriculture: Nurseries and Greenhouses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurseries and Greenhouses. Information about environmental requirements specifically relating to the production of many types of agricultural crops grown in nurseries and greenhouses, such as ornamental plants and specialty fruits and vegetables.

  11. Nonpoint Source: Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agricultural runoff as a nonpoint source category of pollution. Resouces to learn more a bout conservation practices to reduce water quality impacts from storm water run off and ground water infiltration

  12. Agricultural Minerals Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes agricultural minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  13. Agricultural Health and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of injury from working with livestock Risk of electrocution to persons operating large equipment that can contact ... which identifies common agricultural hazards and provides safety solutions for employers and young workers to prevent accidents ...

  14. Collaboration in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss environment, food, agriculture, and renewal resources as they relate to science education, learning partnerships, collaboration in Kyrghyzstan, leadership development, opportunities for collaboration, networking, and the creation of a shared course between agribusiness and biology. (JOW)

  15. Collaboration in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss environment, food, agriculture, and renewal resources as they relate to science education, learning partnerships, collaboration in Kyrghyzstan, leadership development, opportunities for collaboration, networking, and the creation of a shared course between agribusiness and biology. (JOW)

  16. Journal of Agricultural Extension

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mission Statement The mission of the "Journal of Agricultural Extension" is to publish ... diffusion and adoption of innovations; extension communication models and ... Socio-Economic Determinants of Cocoyam Farmer's Strategies for Climate ...

  17. Department of Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

      Topics Animal Health Biotechnology Climate Solutions Conservation Disaster and Emergency Preparedness Employee Services Energy Environment and Natural Resources Ethics Farm Bill Food and Nutrition Food Safety Forestry Housing Assistance Laws and Regulations Organic Agriculture ...

  18. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...... sector. It concentrates on those areas that are of particular focus for DFID policy and strategy....

  19. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    and is financed by consumers, while deficiency payments operate in the so-called low price system and are financed by taxpayers. In the high price system, support is given mainly by means of import regulations, etc., which ensure a relatively high domestic price. In the low price system, support is given by means...... in agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...... of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both systems. During...

  20. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  1. USSR Report, Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    rations for ruminant animals. Its preparation from corn of milky-waxy ripeness, assuming the observance of all of the technological requirements, makes...combines of the agricultural chemicals association or on the kolkhozes and sovkhozes for the preservation of liquid preservatives or special means of...Tatar combine of the agricultural chemicals association, liquid preserv- atives are kept in wide-diameter polytheylene pipes.. A storage unit with

  2. Scoping Agriculture, Wetland Interactions

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is identified as the main cause of wetland degradation and loss. Using a drivers, pressures, state changes, impacts and responses (DPSIR) framework to analyze 90 cases drawn from all parts of the world and all wetland types, this report assesses the character of agriculture - wetlands interactions (AWIs) and their impacts in socio-economic and ecosystem services terms. The report is a technical framework that is used to scope out the relevance and nature of AWIs, identify response...

  3. Research and Practice of“Vocational Class”Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing Linlin; Jia Zhuli

    2015-01-01

    Vocational class” teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual workingprocess.

  4. Research and Practice of “Vocational Class” Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢琳琳; 贾柱立

    2015-01-01

    "Vocational class" teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual working process.

  5. Research on effective teaching methods of higher vocational English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺小飞

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of our country's education, the progress of English teaching in higher vocational colleges is gradually developed. Effective teaching become an important teaching concept and goal of all school courses. This article, analyzes the present situation of English teaching in higher vocational colleges, and points out that the shortcomings in the process of higher vocational English(HVE) teaching. Finally, attempt to explore some effective strategies to improve the quality of HVE teaching.

  6. Investigation of English Learning Motivation in Higher Vocational Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明香

    2013-01-01

      Since China joined WTO in 2001, there has been an increasing demand for professional technicians for the development and construction of economy. English being a tool for inter-countries communication has drawn great attention in higher vocational education. As for higher vocational institute students to learn English well, learning motivation plays a vital part. Therefore, this es⁃say is written to analyze the features of the main types of motivation held by the higher vocational institute students and accordingly offer some suggestions for teachers to improve their teaching quality and efficiency in higher vocational institute.

  7. Theory of secondary vocational English project teaching method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梅

    2016-01-01

    Under the impetus of the rapid development of science and technology and economy,Social productivity level and greatly enhance people's quality of life,education level also got further development.Under the influence of the globalization development trend,English gradually become the most widely used foreign language of people daily life. Secondary vocational English is a public basic course of secondary vocational school students, as an important part of secondary vocational students training plan, has received the widespread attention.In this study, secondary vocational English project teaching method is briefly discussed.

  8. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    from backgrounds with no tradition for education. Despite historical changes, the education as vocational college teacher also struggles with the interplay between theory and practice in the program and great diversity among vocational college teachers. Based on empirical data from focus group...... interviews with students from the Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy program and concepts developed by Bernstein and Bourdieu, the article analyzes how these aspects might affect the development of new vocational didactics. We know that it is not easy to change the culture of educational institutions......, and the analysis uncovers several factors that are expected to hamper the development processes....

  9. Comparison of Sino-German vocational education policy during the period of transition%中德转型时期职业教育政策比较初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝丽娟

    2015-01-01

    本文通过对德国以及我国农业国向工业国转型时期的政策进行梳理,进而归纳出职业教育应以人为本,促进人的长远发展、职业教育应合理结合平等与效率、职业教育应促进经济持续高效发展、职业教育应注重“设计模式”向“内生模式的”转变、职业教育应兼顾质量与数量等五方面的职业教育政策价值选择。%This paper analyzes the Germany, our country agricultural country to industrial country policy during the period of transition, induces the vocational education should be given priority to with people, promoting people's long-term development, vocational education should be a reasonable combination of equality and efficiency, vocational education should promote economic development, vocational education should pay attention to high continuous "design pattern" to "the pattern of" endogenous, vocational education should be both quality and quantity and so on five aspects of the vocational education policy value choice.

  10. Biosurfactants in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Dhara P; Cameotra, Swaranjit S

    2013-02-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and thus several types of biosurfactants have the potential to be commercially produced for extensive applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries. The biosurfactants synthesized by environmental isolates also has promising role in the agricultural industry. Many rhizosphere and plant associated microbes produce biosurfactant; these biomolecules play vital role in motility, signaling, and biofilm formation, indicating that biosurfactant governs plant-microbe interaction. In agriculture, biosurfactants can be used for plant pathogen elimination and for increasing the bioavailability of nutrient for beneficial plant associated microbes. Biosurfactants can widely be applied for improving the agricultural soil quality by soil remediation. These biomolecules can replace the harsh surfactant presently being used in million dollar pesticide industries. Thus, exploring biosurfactants from environmental isolates for investigating their potential role in plant growth promotion and other related agricultural applications warrants details research. Conventional methods are followed for screening the microbial population for production of biosurfactant. However, molecular methods are fewer in reaching biosurfactants from diverse microbial population and there is need to explore novel biosurfactant from uncultured microbes in soil biosphere by using advanced methodologies like functional metagenomics.

  11. [Effects of agricultural activities and transgenic crops on agricultural biodiversity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xi-Tao; Luo, Hong-Bing; Li, Jun-Sheng; Huang, Hai; Liu, Yong-Bo

    2014-09-01

    Agricultural biodiversity is a key part of the ecosystem biodiversity, but it receives little concern. The monoculture, environmental pollution and habitat fragmentation caused by agricultural activities have threatened agricultural biodiversity over the past 50 years. To optimize agricultural management measures for crop production and environmental protection, we reviewed the effects of agricultural activities, including cultivation patterns, plastic mulching, chemical additions and the cultivation of transgenic crops, on agricultural biodiversity. The results showed that chemical pesticides and fertilizers had the most serious influence and the effects of transgenic crops varied with other factors like the specific transgene inserted in crops. The environmental risk of transgenic crops should be assessed widely through case-by-case methods, particularly its potential impacts on agricultural biodiversity. It is important to consider the protection of agricultural biodiversity before taking certain agricultural practices, which could improve agricultural production and simultaneously reduce the environmental impacts.

  12. The importance of vocational ethics in paramedic education, vocational ethics course for paramedics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pakdemirli Ahu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethics are rules of behaviors which morally good or bad. Bioethics is the study of ethics about by advances in biology and medicine. Health care providers should have knowledge about health professional ethics principles, public officials’ ethical behavior principles and ethical principles concerned about other legislation. They should find the required information to make logical, objective and accurate decisions where they may face with ethical problems in their professional life. Unfortunately in our country there isn’t any special vocational ethics course designed for paramedics. Our aim is to design a Vocational Ethics Course for Paramedics which includes all issues of bioethics.

  13. 农业经济转型背景下复合型农经人才培养探讨——基于职业能力的视角%Research on the Cultivation of Compound Talents in Agricultural Economics under the Transformation of Agricultural Economy Based on the Perspective of Professional Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军; 王夷平; 许春艳; 王桂霞

    2015-01-01

    农业经济管理学科人才培养中存在着非农化趋势、专业狭窄等问题,导致培养的农业经济管理人才的职业能力与现代农业职业岗位需要不适应.应对农业经济转型与农业经济管理学科创新发展要求,农业经济管理专业人才培养模式改革需要积聚高校各学科综合优势,并以优质交叉学科资源创建复合型人才培养平台,塑造和培养复合型职业技能人才,以实现农业经济管理学科人才职业能力与职业岗位的直接对接.%The existing problems, like non-agriculturalization trend and narrow specialties in the talents cultivating of discipline of Agricultural Economy Management, resulted in the non-adaptability between professional ability of the talents of Agricultural Economy Management and the vocational post requirements of modern agriculture. Dealing with the requirements of the transformation of agricultural economy and the innovation and development of discipline of Agricultural Economy Management, reforming traditional mode of talent cultivating of discipline of Agricultural Economy Management needs to aggregate the comprehensive advantages of every discipline, construct a platform for cultivating compound talents with high-quality interdisciplinary resources, shape and cultivate compound talents with vocational skills, in order to realize the direct connection between the vocational ability and the vocational posts under the discipline of Agricultural Economy Management.

  14. [Musculoskeletal disorders in agriculture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Christophe; Tourne, Mathias

    2007-06-15

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major area of concern in the occupational world. The agricultural industry is particularly affected: 93 percent of occupational diseases in agriculture are MSD. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in one third of the cases. Shoulder is the second most common location. The most affected occupational areas are meat production, viticulture, market gardening, horticulture and small animal farming. This MSD phenomenon, of multifactorial origin, which has been amplifying for two decades, has led to some consensus in terms of definition and prevention strategy. The aim is to identify, limit or even suppress risk factors through worker training as well as through actions related to work organization. Regarding occupational health and safety in agriculture, two fronts of progress have been mentioned: the creation of a statistic observatory of MSD (disease, occupational area and cost) and the assessment of prevention activities. Finally, a new issue is being discussed: sustainable prevention of MSD.

  15. Data mining in agriculture

    CERN Document Server

    Mucherino, Antonio; Pardalos, Panos M

    2009-01-01

    Data Mining in Agriculture represents a comprehensive effort to provide graduate students and researchers with an analytical text on data mining techniques applied to agriculture and environmental related fields. This book presents both theoretical and practical insights with a focus on presenting the context of each data mining technique rather intuitively with ample concrete examples represented graphically and with algorithms written in MATLAB®. Examples and exercises with solutions are provided at the end of each chapter to facilitate the comprehension of the material. For each data mining technique described in the book variants and improvements of the basic algorithm are also given. Also by P.J. Papajorgji and P.M. Pardalos: Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems, 'Springer Optimization and its Applications' vol. 25, ©2009.

  16. Measuring Agricultural Bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    . For the 15 sample countries, the results indicate that the agricultural price incentive bias, which was generally perceived to exist during the 1980s, was largely eliminated during the 1990s. The results also demonstrate that general equilibrium effects and country-specific characteristics - including trade...... shares and intersectoral linkages - are crucial for determining the sign and magnitude of trade policy bias. The GE-ERP measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on agricultural price incentives. A Monte Carlo procedure confirms that the results are robust...

  17. Agricultural risk management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Mogens; Oksen, Arne; Larsen, Torben U.

    2005-01-01

    A new model for risk management in agriculture is described in the paper. The risk model is constructed as a context dependent process, which includes four main phases. The model is aimed at agricultural advisors, who wish to facilitate and disseminate risk management to farmers. It is developed...... and tested by an action research approach in an attempt to make risk management more applicable on family farms. Our obtained experiences indicate that farmers don’t apply probabilistic thinking and other concepts according to formal decision theory....

  18. Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2000-01-01

    Interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behavior, and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique are examined. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include......: detailed accounting of marketing margins, home consumption, risk, and gender roles in agricultural production. Our results show that agricultural technology improvements benefit both male and female occupants of rural households. Due to economic interactions, agricultural technology improvements...

  19. The Vocational-Liberal Arts Controversy: Looking Backwards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Sue L.

    The liberal arts-vocational education controversy is examined in this article through a series of fictitious letters based on historical facts that present the thoughts of key educational personalities regarding the community college's role in providing vocational education and liberal arts education. Part I, which takes the form of a letter and…

  20. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  1. Vocational Behavior and Career Development, 1983: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Heesacker, Martin

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the literature related to vocational behavior and career development published during 1983, including 445 articles in 42 journals. The review is organized around issues pertinent to the counseling psychology perspective (career development, vocational choice, assessment, intervention) and the industrial/organizational psychology…

  2. Discovery learning and learner autonomy development in secondary vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    It is imperative to cultivate learner autonomy in secondary vocational school and discovery learning is a good choice.The author reviews the definition and principle of discovery learning and learning autonomy,concludes the adaptation of discovery learning from characteristics of vocational students,andfinally illustrates an example in teaching.

  3. Vocational Training Course to TC Secretary-generals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Up to September 2003, three vocational training courses to the secretary-generals of standardization technical committees had already been conducted by Standardization Administration of China (SAC) to meet the reforming and developing requirements in standardization work, and enhance the vocational levels as well as the managing skills of the TC secretary-generals.

  4. Operational Model for Career Development and Vocational Preparation. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upton, Anne L.; Barrett, Samuel L.

    Three California State Department units (vocational education, pupil personnel services, and career education) and two school districts (Fremont Unified and Huntington Beach Union High) established a consortium to develop demonstration sites for model career development and vocational preparation systems and staff development programs. The…

  5. Industrial Machinery Maintenance and Repair. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in industrial machinery maintenance and repair in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of millwrights, maintenance mechanics, and machinery erectors; program…

  6. The Quality Assistance Plan for Vocational Education in Illinois.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Fred C.; McCormick, Eileen R.

    The Quality Assistance Plan (QAP) for Vocational Education in Illinois is a state-funded program for locally initiated, developed, implemented, and evaluated projects that was begun in Fiscal Year 1982. Its purpose is to build the capacity, in each educational setting, for the improvement of vocational education programs. That improvement should…

  7. Crossing Campuses: Level 3 Tutor Visits and Vocational Progression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Kate; Waring, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on a Western Vocational Lifelong Learning Network (WVLLN) initiative aimed at supporting Level 3 vocational tutors in further education (FE) who have moved into a teaching career via professional experience rather than through higher education (HE), but who play a significant role in advising young people about progression to…

  8. Predictive Value and Psychological Meaning of Vocational Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    1975-01-01

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a one-year interval (N-624). (Author)

  9. A Theory Ridden, Computerless, Impersonal Vocational Guidance System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1971-01-01

    The Self-Directed Search for educational and Vocational Planning is a self-administered, self-scored, and self-interpreted vocational counseling tool. It is inexpensive, practical, and has a high degree of scientific validity and client effectiveness. The SDS is based on Holland's theory of personality types. (Author)

  10. Vocational Training Today: The Changing Relationship between Training and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducray, Gabriel

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on the changing relationship between training and employment, this article discusses (1) limitations of traditional vocational training policies, (2) the relationship between training and employment today, (3) changes in skills and the effects of structural factors on the employment situation, and (4) a modern vocational training policy.…

  11. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  12. Nursing/LVN Course. Bilingual Vocational Instructional Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Cox, Guadalupe

    This course in licensed vocational nursing, one of a series of bilingual English-Spanish vocational education courses, is designed to teach basic nursing principles needed by nurses' aides to do nursing procedures and skills in the different health care institutions. It covers many areas, including the following: the health care system, personal…

  13. Multiple Learning Strategies Project. Dietetic Assistant. [Regular Vocational. Vol. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noffze, Elaine; And Others

    This instructional package is one of two designed for regular vocational students on the vocational area of dietetic assistant. The eighty-nine learning modules are organized into three units: nutrition; menu planning and food ordering; and housekeeping and safety. Each module includes these elements: a performance objective page telling what will…

  14. Incentive Styles, Asynchronous Online Discussion, and Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shinyi; Chiu, Chou-Kang

    2008-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) is intended to prepare adult learners for careers that are based on practical activities. With the underlying constructivist andragogy, this study intended to examine the effects of computer-mediated group collaboration in vocational education, and how that affects the associated learning outcomes. For…

  15. Learning in School and Out--General vs. Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achtenhagen, Frank

    The adequate way to discuss problems of vocational education more generally is that taken by Resnick (1987). She feels that the relationship between general and vocational education, and their respective and common aims, problems, and restrictions, must be outlined primarily substantially and not only organizationally. Resnick tries to combine the…

  16. 20 CFR 405.10 - Medical and Vocational Expert System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical and Vocational Expert System. 405.10 Section 405.10 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.10 Medical and Vocational Expert System. (a) General....

  17. Multiple Learning Strategies Project. Medical Assistant. [Regular Vocational. Vol. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varney, Beverly; And Others

    This instructional package, one of four designed for regular vocational students, focuses on the vocational area of medical assistant. Contained in this document are twenty-six learning modules organized into three units: language; receptioning; and asepsis. Each module includes these elements: a performance objective page telling what will be…

  18. Collaborative learning in a culturally diverse secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drs. Kennedy Aquilino Tielman; Prof. dr. Perry den Brok; Dr. Rutger van de Sande; Dr. S. Bolhuis

    2010-01-01

    Collaborative learning in a culturally diverse secondary vocational education. By K. Tielman (Fontys), P. den Brok (ESoE), S. Bolhuis (Fontys) and R. van de Sande (Fontys) This contribution discusses a descriptive study on the experiences of students and teachers in secondary vocational education

  19. Non-Wage Benefits of Vocational Training: Employability and Mobility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlby, Roger L.; Schriver, William R.

    In order to investigate the effects of vocational training on labor force participation and unemployment, the researchers compared an experimental group of Tennessee Area Vocational-Technical School (AVTS) graduates with an individually matched control group. On the basis of data collected by questionnaire, the report concluded that vocationally…

  20. An Analysis of Differential Benefits from Vocational Training. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    The objectives of this study were to find out how the characteristics of students and their training affect the rate of return to investment in vocational training, how they affect the earnings of trainees, and how vocational training influences the distribution of income among educational groups. The data were collected in a previous study and…

  1. The vocational education and training system in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia; Wiborg, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US.......Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US....

  2. Interdisciplinarity in Vocational Guidance: An Action Theory Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valach, Ladislav; Young, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    In addressing the issue of interdisciplinary research in vocational guidance, twelve propositions important for understanding the vocational guidance process as joint, goal-directed action are presented. They address the encounter between client and counsellor leading to relational ethics, the relevance of everyday action theory and methods for…

  3. The vocational education and training system in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia; Wiborg, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US.......Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US....

  4. Discovery learning and learner autonomy development in secondary vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    It is imperative to cultivate learner autonomy in secondary vocational school and discovery learning is a good choice.The author reviews the definition and principle of discovery learning and learning autonomy,concludes the adaptation of discovery learning from characteristics of vocational students,and finally illustrates an example in teaching.

  5. Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Education in Large Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koble, Daniel E., Jr.; And Others

    Intended for use by urban vocational staff members who face public relations problems and need to facilitate the outreach process in their cities, this handbook contains guidelines for organizing the public. First, Sanford's definition of public relations is outlined, followed by an explanation of why vocational education needs public relations.…

  6. Vocational Assessment and Work Preparation Centres for the Disabled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The purpose of this manual is to provide a basic guide for governments and other organizations in developing countries who want to either establish vocational assessment and preparation centers or develop training facilities for disabled persons. Contents include: (1) Establishing a Vocational Assessment and Work Preparation Center, (2) Staffing…

  7. Vocational Hypothesis Testing in Career Decision-Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blustein, David L.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1987-01-01

    Examined vocational hypothesis testing by applying Snyder's hypothesis-testing research paradigm to a vocational task in two experiments. Subjects (N=106) were asked to evaluate the appropriateness of a specific occupation for themselves. Subjects tended to exhibit confirmatory hypothesis-testing strategies when relevant occupations were…

  8. Developing Strategic Leadership for Administrators: Private Vocational College Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumnongya, Areeya; Sirisuthi, Chaiyuth; Chansirisira, Pacharawit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to study and define a number of factors measuring quality and efficiency in administrators of private vocational college, and to test and evaluate the efficiency of the strategic leadership program. Twelve factors and 83 indicators were identified as vital for strategic leadership for private vocational college…

  9. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  10. Factors Influencing Assessment Quality in Higher Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baartman, Liesbeth; Gulikers, Judith; Dijkstra, Asha

    2013-01-01

    The development of assessments that are fit to assess professional competence in higher vocational education requires a reconsideration of assessment methods, quality criteria and (self)evaluation. This article examines the self-evaluations of nine courses of a large higher vocational education institute. Per course, 4-11 teachers and 3-10…

  11. Factors influencing assessment quality in higher vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baartman, L.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Dijkstra, A.

    2013-01-01

    The development of assessments that are fit to assess professional competence in higher vocational education requires a reconsideration of assessment methods, quality criteria and (self)evaluation. This article examines the self-evaluations of nine courses of a large higher vocational education inst

  12. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  13. Learning in School and Out--General vs. Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achtenhagen, Frank

    The adequate way to discuss problems of vocational education more generally is that taken by Resnick (1987). She feels that the relationship between general and vocational education, and their respective and common aims, problems, and restrictions, must be outlined primarily substantially and not only organizationally. Resnick tries to combine the…

  14. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  15. Philosophical and Sociological Overview of Vocational Technical Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Odu Oji

    2012-01-01

    Vocational Technical Education is any kind of education which has the main purpose of preparing one for employment in recognized occupation. The foundation of vocational technical education is based on philosophy which was mainly established for self-employment and self-reliance of the individual(s) who partake in it. Viewing the philosophy and…

  16. Affective Factors in Vocational College Students’English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the vocational college students’ experiences in English learning, classroom activities, attitudes to their English learning and achievements. It aims to find out how to make use of their positive personal factors to improve their English achievement so that both vocational college teachers and students may gain some enlightenment from the study.

  17. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  18. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  19. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  20. Linear Programming for Vocational Education Planning. Interim Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Robert C.; And Others

    The purpose of the paper is to define for potential users of vocational education management information systems a quantitative analysis technique and its utilization to facilitate more effective planning of vocational education programs. Defining linear programming (LP) as a management technique used to solve complex resource allocation problems…

  1. Vocational Training in the Textiles and Clothing Industries in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimousis, I.; Zisimopoulos, A.

    This document examines the circumstances under which vocational training in Greece is provided for jobs in the textile and clothing industries. Its objective is to identify guidelines for vocational training for a skilled work force at regional and national levels and to contribute to job mobility between industries. Statistical data,…

  2. Validity of Vocational Aspirations and Interest Inventories: Extended, Replicated, and Reinterpreted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Found classified vocational aspirations of 467 male and 250 female Navy recruits superior to Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Predictions for subjects with coherent vocational aspirations were very predictive over short time interval. Hypothesized links between coherence of vocational aspirations and Identity Scale, NEO Personality Inventory…

  3. Vocational Education. Report by the Secretary of Education to the Congress, 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    This annual report provides an overview of the status of vocational education during school year 1980-81. It includes final data for school year 1979-80 obtained through the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS), the national vocational education reporting and accounting system. Part 1 of the report describes the status of vocational education…

  4. 34 CFR 427.1 - What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program? 427...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BILINGUAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM... Program provides financial assistance for bilingual vocational education and training for limited...

  5. Energy and Power--Math. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

    A curriculum alignment chart is presented that translates mathematics goals/indicators into related vocational skills for the energy and power course in the secondary vocational education curriculum. The chart contains three columns that correlate (1) vocational education performance indicators, (2) vocational education competency and mathematics…

  6. The Analysis on Emotional Education in Vocational School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰州职业技术学院 730070

    2015-01-01

    In the time of advancing quality education, emotion education has been paid more and more attention. English teaching is both language teaching progress and emotional communication progress. Therefore, emotional education is extremely important and indispensable in vocational school classroom teaching. However, the current application of vocational school emotional education in English classroom teaching is still relatively weak. Based on the theory of emotional education, this paper attempts to explore the methods and strategies of applying emotional education in vocational school English classroom teaching. It has important theoretical significance on promoting the comprehensive development of the vocational school students, improving English teaching effect, promoting the healthy and sustainable development of the vocational school education, and enriching and developing the emotional teaching psychology and cognitive psychology theory.

  7. On Improving Higher Vocational College Education Quality Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiang; Chen, Yan; Zhang, Jie; Wang, Yi

    Teaching quality assessment is a judgment process by using the theory and technology of education evaluation system to test whether the process and result of teaching have got to a certain quality level. Many vocational schools have established teaching quality assessment systems of their own characteristics as the basic means to do self-examination and teaching behavior adjustment. Combined with the characteristics and requirements of the vocational education and by analyzing the problems exist in contemporary vocational school, form the perspective of the content, assessment criteria and feedback system of the teaching quality assessment to optimize the system, to complete the teaching quality information net and offer suggestions for feedback channels, to make the institutionalization, standardization of the vocational schools and indeed to make contribution for the overall improvement of the quality of vocational schools.

  8. Scrapping Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On March 5,in his government report to the annual session of the country's top legislature,the National People's Congress,Premier Wen Jiabao set the goal to reduce the agricultural tax rate by more than one percentage point each year,

  9. Africa, Agriculture, Aid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuyvenhoven, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a world that is developing fast, Africa¿s relative stagnation is a human tragedy that challenges the development profession. Although climate and geography, and their effect on local institutions, are not in Africa¿s favour, inappropriate policies (including neglect of agriculture) and weak insti

  10. Agriculture. Poultry Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for poultry, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task list.…

  11. African agricultural trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Sandrey, Ron

    2015-01-01

    This article starts with a profile of African agricultural trade. Using the pre-release version 9.2 of the GTAP database, we then show that the results for tariff elimination on intra-African trade are promising, but these tariff barriers are not as significant as the various trade-related barriers...

  12. Nanotechnology in Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    An overview is given of the application of nanotechnology to agriculture. This is an active field of R&D, where a large number of findings and innovations have been reported. For example, in soil management, applications reported include nanofertilizers, soil binders, water retention aids, and nut...

  13. Cohabitation: Humans & Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woodington, W.

    2012-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Cohabitation of humans and agriculture can be used to improve building climate, human health and the state of the world. It affects building design and requires new building components. This manual explains w

  14. Governing agricultural sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macnaghten, Philip; Carro-Ripalda, Susana

    2015-01-01

    Although GM crops are seen by their advocates as a key component of the future of world agriculture and as part of the solution for world poverty and hunger, their uptake has not been smooth nor universal: they have been marred by controversy and all too commonly their regulation has been challen

  15. Heroes of Agricultural Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weele, van der C.; Keulartz, F.W.J.

    2009-01-01

    New technology has a prominent place in the theory and practice of innovation, but the association between high tech and innovation is not inevitable. In this paper, we discuss six metaphorical heroes of agricultural innovation, starting with the dominant hero of frontier science and technology. At

  16. Agriculture. Poultry Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for poultry, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task list.…

  17. Agriculture. Beef Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for beef livestock, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task…

  18. [Vibration on agricultural tractors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretti, Alessandro; Delvecchio, Simone; Bonomini, Francesco; di Bisceglie, Anita Pasqua; Colosio, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    In the article, details related to the diffusion of agricultural tractors in Italy are given and considerations about the effects of vibration on operators, the sources of vibration and suggestions to reduce them are presented. The acceleration values observed in Italy amongst 244 tractors and levels of worker exposure are shown by means of histograms. The relevant data variability is discussed.

  19. Heroes of Agricultural Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weele, van der C.; Keulartz, F.W.J.

    2009-01-01

    New technology has a prominent place in the theory and practice of innovation, but the association between high tech and innovation is not inevitable. In this paper, we discuss six metaphorical heroes of agricultural innovation, starting with the dominant hero of frontier science and technology. At

  20. Sustainability through precision agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    As population and standard of living increase in many parts of the world, so will the need for food and other agriculturally-based products. To be sustainable, these increases in production must occur with minimum impact on the environment and with efficient use of production resources, including la...

  1. Teaching Traditional Tropical Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clawson, David L.

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that the teaching of traditional tropical agriculture through the presentation of large numbers of categories or types tends to overemphasize superficial differences at the expense of comprehending the inner essence of life as it exists for the majority of the world's farmers. Offers an alternative approach which claims to foster greater…

  2. Goryachkin's agricultural mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinenova, Vera

    2016-03-01

    The paper contributes to the development of applied mechanics by establishing a new discipline, namely, agricultural mechanics by academician Vasilii Prohorovich Goryachkin (1868-1935) who was an apprentice of Nikolay Yegorovich Zhukovsky and a graduate of the Moscow University (current known as Moscow State University) and the Imperial Higher Technical School.

  3. Beyond conservation agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giller, K.E.; Andersson, J.A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and

  4. USSR Report, Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    evaluation of the phyto- sanitary condition of the fields were not coordinated with the calendar- phenological schedules, some agronomists were unable...During the first year following its introduction, an intensified variation of this agricultural technology enabled the Tambov grain growers to produce

  5. Agricultural nitrate pollution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anker, Helle Tegner

    2015-01-01

    Despite the passing of almost 25 years since the adoption of the EU Nitrates Directive, agricultural nitrate pollution remains a major concern in most EU Member States. This is also the case in Denmark, although a fairly strict regulatory regime has resulted in almost a 50 per cent reduction...

  6. Agricultural lung diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkhorn, S R; Garry, V F

    2000-08-01

    Agriculture is considered one of the most hazardous occupations. Organic dusts and toxic gases constitute some of the most common and potentially disabling occupational and environmental hazards. The changing patterns of agriculture have paradoxically contributed to both improved working conditions and increased exposure to respiratory hazards. Animal confinement operations with increasing animal density, particularly swine confinement, have contributed significantly to increased intensity and duration of exposure to indoor air toxins. Ongoing research has implicated bacterial endotoxins, fungal spores, and the inherent toxicity of grain dusts as causes of upper and lower airway inflammation and as immunologic agents in both grain and animal production. Animal confinement gases, particularly ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, have been implicated as additional sources of respiratory irritants. It has become evident that a significant percentage of agricultural workers have clinical symptoms associated with long-term exposure to organic dusts and animal confinement gases. Respiratory diseases and syndromes, including hypersensitivity pneumonitis, organic dust toxic syndrome, chronic bronchitis, mucous membrane inflammation syndrome, and asthmalike syndrome, result from ongoing acute and chronic exposures. In this review we focus upon the emerging respiratory health issues in a changing agricultural economic and technologic environment. Environmental and occupational hazards and exposures will be emphasized rather than clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods of prevention, from both engineering controls and personal respiratory perspectives, are also addressed.

  7. Governing agricultural sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macnaghten, Philip; Carro-Ripalda, Susana

    2015-01-01

    Although GM crops are seen by their advocates as a key component of the future of world agriculture and as part of the solution for world poverty and hunger, their uptake has not been smooth nor universal: they have been marred by controversy and all too commonly their regulation has been challen

  8. Beyond conservation agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giller, K.E.; Andersson, J.A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and s

  9. A Portrait of Rural America: Conditions Affecting Vocational Education Policy. Vocational Education Study Publication No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Stuart

    The monograph is an attempt to describe conditions existing today in rural America that can affect the operation and impact of vocational education in rural areas and, thus, should exercise an influence on policy making. It identifies statistical patterns and characteristics common to rural areas, both within regions and those that cut across…

  10. The Reasons for the Interruption of Vocational Training in Estonian Vocational Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beilmann, Mai; Espenberg, Kerly

    2016-01-01

    Dropping out of school before achieving any qualification is a serious problem both at an individual and societal level. This study provides an insight into the lives of young people who have dropped out or are at a risk of dropping out of vocational schools in Estonia and gives an overview of the reasons behind the interruption of their studies.…

  11. The Phoenix: Vocational Education and Training in Singapore. International Comparative Study of Leading Vocational Education Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Marc S.

    2012-01-01

    This is the first in a series of reports from the Center on International Education Benchmarking (CIEB) exploring the leading vocational and technical education systems from around the world to draw out what makes these systems great and what other countries can learn from them. This first report was based on a visit of several days to Singapore…

  12. Trade and Technical. Volume II. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Assessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains trade and industrial occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in auto body repair, auto mechanics, building maintenance and custodial work, diesel mechanics, machinist, small engine…

  13. Re-Contextualizing Vocational Didactics in Norwegian Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nore, Haege

    2015-01-01

    This article explores teachers and trainers didactical practices in different contexts in Norwegian VET: schools and workplaces. With the introduction of e-resources and e-portfolios in VET, learners as well as teachers and trainers experience a more hybrid learning-arena, which claims for a re-contextualization of vocational didactics as well as…

  14. Vocational Pedagogical Competencies of a Professor in the Secondary Vocational Education System: Approbation of Monitoring Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in the majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  15. The Model of Monitoring of Vocational Pedagogical Competences of Professors in Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  16. Mindfulness, Therapy and Vocational Values: Exploring the Moral and Aesthetic Dimensions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Terry

    2011-01-01

    The devaluation and debilitation of education in general and vocational education and training (VET) in particular has been explored and described in recent years by a wide range of critical commentators. Education stands in dire need of therapy, and this paper suggests a therapeutic process for rejuvenating and enhancing VET through attention to…

  17. World Wide Comparism of Technical and Vocational Education: Lessons for Nigerian Technical and Vocational Education Sector (I)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayeni, Abiodun Olumide

    2015-01-01

    This paper compared technical/vocational education in: Germany, Australia, Finland, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, and Nigeria, and found that technical/vocational education was given proper attention in countries considered except Nigeria, where it was handled with laissez faire attitude. Set-Up of Technical/Vocational…

  18. Challenges and Reforms in Vocational Education: Aspects of Inclusion and Exclusion. Studies in Vocational and Continuing Education, Volume 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolz, Stefanie, Ed.; Gonon, Philipp, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    In this collected edition, globalization and its consequences on vocational education systems are described and, at the same time, combined with the question of whether new phenomena of inclusion but also of exclusion are produced. Inclusion and exclusion are differentiations that predominate in all kinds of (vocational education) systems,…

  19. Training of Teachers/Trainers in Technical and Vocational Education. UNEVOC Studies in Technical and Vocational Education, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Section for Technical and Vocational Education.

    This document contains nine papers about and from an international roundtable on the training of teachers in technical and vocational education. The first paper, a Final Report of the "International Round Table on Training of Teachers in Technical and Vocational Education (Curitiba, Brazil, 7-10 April 1997)," examines the following:…

  20. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  1. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally competitive production system in terms of cost and quality. Cooperatives seem to be well positioned to coordinate product differentiation at the farm level and to integrate forward into value added processing activities.. Indian agriculture can be balanced and made efficient through proper and better management practices. The present study brings out past and present scenario of agricultural marketing prevailing in India, its challenges and future recommendations. Moreover the opportunities provide by agricultural marketing should be tapped effectively by the marketers.

  2. Practice Research on the Relationship between Vocational Professional Construction and Modernization of Agriculture——Take Agricultural Machinery Use and Maintenance Professional Construction in Our School as an example%中职校专业建设与农业现代化关系的实践研究——以我校农业机械使用与维护专业建设为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解秀锋

    2012-01-01

    This paper starts from our school agricultural maintenance training goal and employment prospects and the district agricultural situation and future planning,analysis of the relationship of professional construction and modernization of agriculture,asked the school farm machinery maintenance professional should be closely combined with the actual development of the district of agricultural modernization,targeted to professional development,in order to cultivate the talent to adapt to our region's agricultural mechanization.%文章从我校农机维护专业的培养目标和就业前景与区农业现状及未来规划出发,浅析专业建设与农业现代化关系,提出我校的农机维护专业应密切结合区农业现代化发展的实际,有针对性地进行专业建设,才能培养适应我区农业机械化的人才。

  3. Researches on Agricultural Cooperative Economic Organization Promoting Agricultural Insurance Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The advantages of cooperative economic organization being the effective carrier of agricultural insurance development are analyzed. Firstly, cooperative economic organization promotes scale management and solves the problem of decentralized operation of small households. Secondly, cooperative economic organization can settle the problem of peasants’ low systematization. Thirdly, cooperative economic organization can largely reduce the costs of agricultural insurance operation. Fourthly, cooperative organization decreases moral risks as well as adverse selection to some extent. Lastly, cooperative organization, to a certain degree, reduces the risks of agricultural production and increases the insurability of agricultural risks. Meanwhile, limitations of agricultural cooperative economic organization being the carrier of agricultural insurance operation are pointed out. Firstly, cooperative economic organization has limited coverage and small size of organization, which is harmful to the diversification of agricultural risks. Secondly, cooperative economic organization lacks capital funds and its development is not standard, which is not perfect for the function exertion as a carrier. Lastly, members of professional cooperative organization have low cultural qualities, which restrict the implementation of agricultural insurance. The modes of farmers’ cooperative economic organization promoting agricultural insurance development are proposed, including mode of agricultural insurance cooperative ( mutual corporation), mode of "leading enterprises (companies) + professional cooperative organization (planting majors) + insurance" and mode of professional cooperatives serving as agricultural insurance agent. Last of all, the promoting role of agricultural insurance in agricultural cooperative economic organization is briefly illustrated.

  4. The rise of Brazilian agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Vink, Nick; Sandrey, Ron

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore some of the possible lessons for South African agriculture from the Brazilian experience. To this end, the article discusses the performance of Brazilian agriculture in terms of land and labour use, production, and exports. This is followed by aspects...... of Brazilian agricultural policies, namely farmer support, the research and technology transfer system and land issues. The implications for South African agriculture can be summarized as the recognition that history, geography, the development path and agricultural policies all matter. The article...... then identifies five important lessons for agricultural development in South Africa....

  5. Vocational behavior analysis in psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Estrella LÓPEZ PÉREZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The European Higher Education Area (EHEA is supporting gain relevance of vocational guidance into the frame of University Education. In order to a better planning of this guidance we need to know his contents evaluating student vocational interests of each center. The aim of the study is to analyze the indicators of Psychology students vocational behavior and his evolution and comparing those results with data of another students population. Methodology. The 329 psychology students participants from the University of Salamanca (248 in the second year and 81 in the fifth answered the questionnaire of university biodata (Rocabert, 2005. In all cases we took a significance level of ? = 0.05 carrying out samples comparison tests using U de Mann-Whitney techniques and contingency analysis. Results: The present study found significant differences between second and fifth psychology grade students and with general university population data collected by Rocabert, Descals and Gomez (2007. In general, psychology students begin their degrees with a high level interest and motivated; they are making decisions based on the academic specialty they want to work in. However, for last year students group (fith year students we detected a lower satisfaction in their studies, more difficulties in deciding what they want to do and a greater demand of information in order to choose the advisablest option for them. Conclusions. Despite the high motivation of psychology students, the nearer is his integration into the job market the higher is the need of guidance to help them to take decisions concerning specialization or the professional world.

  6. Paradoxes in Danish Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Louw, Arnt Vestergaard; Katznelson, Noemi

    2015-01-01

    teaching practices in VET that create unmotivated, weak students and unintentional push-out effects. Further, it is suggested that the marketization of education has a profound effect on the practice in VET such that good education has come to be more associated with retaining all students in the VET......All vocational education and training schools in Denmark are required to launch retention initiatives and report yearly on their efforts to increase retention and the completion rate of their students. This article argues that the structural conditions and incentive structure around VET produces...

  7. Linking good agricultural practices and climate smart agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.; Hengsdijk, H.; Bezlepkina, I.; Groenestein, K.; Klooster, van 't K.

    2013-01-01

    Recently, the concept of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) was introduced to position agriculture and food security in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) with the aim to create cleaner and safer production systems and products has been around for a

  8. Cursos in Educacion Vocacional (Courses in Vocational Education): A Spanish Language Introduction to the Various Areas of Vocational and Technical Education Commonly Available in the Vocational Secondary Schools of Pennsylvania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Philip D., Jr.

    This manual presents an introduction in Spanish to the various areas of vocational and technical education commonly available in the vocational secondary schools of Pennsylvania. It discusses course requirements, future possibilities in the particular vocation, and related jobs. Included among the fields discussed are auto mechanics, electrical…

  9. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Caporali

    Full Text Available In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006, a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. Universities and society as a whole have a responsibility in re-examining current perception of nature, of the world and of human society in the light of natural resources depletion, increasing pollution and social inequalities. The urgency to address sustainability issues is increasingly being reflected in the manner in which institutions of higher education around the world are giving priority to the teaching, research and practice of sustainability. The University of Tuscia is involved in international initiatives concerning teaching and research in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture.

  10. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Caporali

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006, a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. Universities and society as a whole have a responsibility in re-examining current perception of nature, of the world and of human society in the light of natural resources depletion, increasing pollution and social inequalities. The urgency to address sustainability issues is increasingly being reflected in the manner in which institutions of higher education around the world are giving priority to the teaching, research and practice of sustainability. The University of Tuscia is involved in international initiatives concerning teaching and research in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture.

  11. Advanced Agriculture system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shrinivas R. Zanwar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the advanced system which improves agriculture processes like cultivation on ploughed land, based on robotic platform. We have developed a robotic vehicle having four wheels and steered by DC motor. The advanced autonomous system architecture gives us the opportunity to develop a complete new range of agricultural equipment based on small smart machines. The machine will cultivate the farm by considering particular rows and specific column at fixed distance depending on crop. The obstacle detection problem will also be considered, sensed by infrared sensor. The whole algorithm, calculation, processing, monitoring are designed with motors & sensor interfaced with microcontroller. The result obtained through example activation unit is also presented. The dc motor simulation with feedforward and feedback technique shows precise output. With the help of two examples, a DC motor and a magnetic levitation system, the use of MATLAB and Simulink for modeling, analysis and control is designed.

  12. Agricultural and urban pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brehmer, M. L.

    1972-01-01

    The degradation produced by the introduction of agricultural and urban wastes into estuarine systems, with emphasis on the Chesapeake Bay area, is discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) effects of sediment loading and (2) organic and nutrient loading problems. The impact of high turbidity on the biological life of the bay is analyzed. The sources of nutrients which produce over-enrichment of the waters and the subsequent production of phytoplankton are examined.

  13. Risk governance in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bachev, Hrabrin

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies and assesses the efficiency of major modes for risk governance in agriculture on the base of Bulgarian dairy farming. Firstly, the New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics is incorporated and a framework for analysis of the governance of natural, market, private, and social (institutional) risks presented. Next, the pace and challenges of the dairy farming development during the post-communist transition and EU integration is outlined. Third, major types of risk...

  14. Water pollution by agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Moss, Brian

    2007-01-01

    Agriculture disrupts all freshwater systems hugely from their pristine states. The former reductionist concept of pollution was of examining individual effects of particular substances on individual taxa or sub-communities in freshwater systems, an essentially ecotoxicological concept. It is now less useful than a more holistic approach that treats the impacts on the system as a whole and includes physical impacts such as drainage and physical modification of river channels and modification o...

  15. European Agricultural Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Timothy J.

    1997-01-01

    This bulletin is a supplement to the Europe Team's Situation and Outlook Series and expands upon material traditionally presented as an appendix in the annual Europe Report. This report presents an extensive statistical database on European agriculture. The geographic scope covers most of the countrias of Europe, including the 15 member states of the European Union (Austria. Belgium. Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy. Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, a...

  16. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Caporali

    2011-01-01

    In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006), a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. ...

  17. Entomophagy and space agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katayama, N.; Ishikawa, Y.; Takaoki, M.; Yamashita, M.; Nakayama, S.; Kiguchi, K.; Kok, R.; Wada, H.; Mitsuhashi, J.; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.

    Supplying food for human occupants remains one of the primary issues in engineering space habitation Evidently for long-term occupation on a distant planet it is necessary to start agriculture on site Historically humans have consumed a variety of animals and it is required to fill our nutritional need when they live in space Among many candidate group and species of animal to breed in space agriculture insects are of great interest since they have a number of advantages over mammals and other vertebrates or invertebrates About 70-75 of animal species is insects and they play an important role in materials recycle loop of terrestrial biosphere at their various niche For space agriculture we propose several insect species such as the silkworm Bombyx mori the drugstore beetle Stegobium paniceum and the termite Macrotermes subhyalinus Among many advantages these insects do not compete with human in terms of food resources but convert inedible biomass or waste into an edible food source for human The silkworm has been domesticated since 5 000 years ago in China Silk moth has lost capability of flying after its domestication history This feature is advantageous in control of their breeding Silkworm larvae eat specifically mulberry leaves and metamorphose in their cocoon Silk fiber obtained from cocoon can be used to manufacture textile Farming system of the drugstore beetle has been well established Both the drugstore beetle and the termite are capable to convert cellulose or other inedible biomass

  18. Corn Production and Marketing. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The instructional unit designed to develop the effective ability of farmers to produce, harvest, store, and market corn profitably is structured in 11 lessons. The unit was developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer or adult farmer classes. The specific topic areas include varieties of corn, principles of…

  19. Beef Cattle Production. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Bruce; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The unit on beef cattle production is designed primarily for the adult farmer program in Kentucky as an aid to making the beef enterprise more profitable. It is aimed primarily at the commercial producer. The lessons center on some of the more important economic points in beef cattle production. Ten lessons comprise the unit, which can be adapted…

  20. Tree-Fruit Production. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Bryan, Robert C.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    Designed as a guide for teachers in planning and conducting young and adult farmer classes, the unit covers the basic areas of tree-fruit production. The format of the 10-lesson unit allows for the utilization of the problem-solving and discussion methods of teaching. The major objective of the unit is to develop the ability to effectively…