WorldWideScience

Sample records for vme-based cards designed

  1. VME-based remote instrument control without ground loops

    CERN Document Server

    Belleman, J; González, J L

    1997-01-01

    New electronics has been developed for the remote control of the pick-up electrodes at the CERN Proton Synchrotron (PS). Communication between VME-based control computers and remote equipment is via full duplex point-to-point digital data links. Data are sent and received in serial format over simple twisted pairs at a rate of 1 Mbit/s, for distances of up to 300 m. Coupling transformers are used to avoid ground loops. The link hardware consists of a general-purpose VME-module, the 'TRX' (transceiver), containing four FIFO-buffered communication channels, and a dedicated control card for each remote station. Remote transceiver electronics is simple enough not to require micro-controllers or processors. Currently, some sixty pick-up stations of various types, all over the PS Complex (accelerators and associated beam transfer lines) are equipped with the new system. Even though the TRX was designed primarily for communication with pick-up electronics, it could also be used for other purposes, for example to for...

  2. Method card design dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wölfel, Christiane; Merritt, T.

    2013-01-01

    . The card-based tools are explained in terms of five design dimensions including the intended purpose and scope of use, duration of use, methodology, customization, and formal/material qualities. Our analysis suggests three design patterns or archetypes for existing card-based design method tools...

  3. Method card design dimensions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wölfel, Christiane; Merritt, T.

    2013-01-01

    . The card-based tools are explained in terms of five design dimensions including the intended purpose and scope of use, duration of use, methodology, customization, and formal/material qualities. Our analysis suggests three design patterns or archetypes for existing card-based design method tools...... and highlights unexplored areas in the design space. The paper concludes with recommendations for the future development of card-based methods for the field of interaction design.......There are many examples of cards used to assist or provide structure to the design process, yet there has not been a thorough articulation of the strengths and weaknesses of the various examples. We review eighteen card-based design tools in order to understand how they might benefit designers...

  4. VME-based data acquisition system for the India-based Neutrino Observatory prototype detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhuyan, M. [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India); Chandratre, V.B. [Electronics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Dasgupta, S. [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India); Datar, V.M. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Kalmani, S.D.; Lahamge, S.M.; Mondal, N.K.; Nagaraj, P.; Pal, S.; Rao, S.K.; Redij, A. [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India); Samuel, D., E-mail: samuel@tifr.res.in [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India); Saraf, M.N.; Satyanarayana, B.; Shinde, R.R.; Upadhya, S.S. [Department of High Energy Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India)

    2012-01-01

    The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) collaboration has proposed to build a 50 kton Iron-Calorimeter (ICAL) to study neutrino oscillations. About 28,800 Resistive Plate Chambers will be used as active detector elements in this experiment. Preliminary studies are currently underway and as a part of it, a prototype detector was developed which now serves as a cosmic-ray telescope and as a test-bench to study the indigenously built RPCs. A VME-based data acquisition system was designed for this prototype system. Modern software tools were used in the designing of the DAQ software. The design and development of this DAQ system are discussed.

  5. Re-Designing Business Card Advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaub, Laura

    2001-01-01

    Discusses ways to turn information from a business card into an advertisement to be placed in a student publication. Addresses visual interest, typography, and other design issues. Includes several sample advertisements and a classroom activity involving redesigning a business card into an advertisement. (RS)

  6. Developing ideation cards for mixed reality game design

    OpenAIRE

    Wetzel, Richard; Rodden, Tom; Benford, Steve

    2016-01-01

    Mixed reality games (MRGs) pose new challenges but also opportunities to designers. In order to make the design space of MRGs easily accessible and enable collaborative design in a playful manner we have developed Mixed Reality Game Cards. These ideation cards synthesize design knowledge about MRGs and are inspired by a variety of other successful ideation cards. We describe six studies, illustrate the iterative development of our cards, and reflect how the structure of our cards might influe...

  7. Designing minimum data sets of health smart card system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohtaram Nematollahi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Nowadays different countries benefit from health system based on health cards and projects related to smart cards. Lack of facilities which cover this technology is obvious in our society. This paper aims to design Minimum Data Sets of Health Smart Card System for Iran. Method: This research was an applied descriptive study. At first, we reviewed the same projects and guidelines of selected countries and the proposed model was designed in accordance to the country’s needs, taking people’s attitude about it by Delphi technique. A data analysis in study stage of MDS(Minimum Data Sets of Health Smart Card in the selective countries was done by comparative tables and determination of similarities and differences of the MDS. In the stage of gaining credit for model, it was accomplished with descriptive statistics to the extent of absolute and relative frequency through SPSS (version 16. Results: MDS of Health Smart Card for Iran is presented in the patient’s card and health provider’s card on basisof studiesin America, Australia, Turkey and Belgium and needs of our country and after doing Delphi technique with 94 percent agreement confirmed. Conclusion: Minimum Data Sets of Health Smart Card provides continuous care for patients and communication among providers. So, it causes a decrease in the complications of threatening diseases. Collection of MDS of diseases increases the quality of care assessment

  8. Design of an MRI quadrature-data acquisition card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A design of a quadrature-data acquisition card based on peripheral component interconnect (PCI) bus for mini-type magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system is reported. It uses two high speed analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) to sample the MRI signals and two static random access memories (SRAMs) to store the data which will be read to the computer by PCI bus after sampling. All the logic control signals on the card are generated by the field programmable gate array (FPGA). The software Foundation3.1 is used to design the FPGA and achieve useful result after simulating and implementing. The card has some merits that normal commercial cards do not have. For example, the sampling parameters can be varied according to different pulse sequences.

  9. Weavy: interactive card-weaving design and construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Yuki; Mitani, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Card weaving is a simple, easy weaving method, but designing patterns is typically laborious and requires knowledge, experience, and skill. The Weavy system helps users design and weave original patterns with or without repeating elements. In the latter case, the system automatically considers constraints such as the number of yarn colors and the cards' rotation direction. Following Weavy's construction guide, users weave the pattern they've created. Researchers exhibited Weavy at the ACM Siggraph 2013 Studio and ran a small workshop for children in Japan. In both cases, the participants quickly learned how to use Weavy and enjoyed designing and weaving objects.

  10. A design of FPGA based intelligent data handling interfacing card.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandaraj D

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing demand in the custom built logic for avionics systems, FPGA is used in this proposed interfacing card design. This FPGA based intelligent data handling card (IDHC for the IVHM system, will interface the data from aircraft subsystems to the aircraft digital data bus. This IDHC interfacing card is based on the Virtex-5 FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array, which provides flexibility by re-programming, so that it can be configured to the required functionality. Fault detection can be done within the FPGA and only the anomalies passed to the computer, so that the bus bandwidth can be utilized effectively and also excessive wiring can be eliminated, that would have been required for multiple individual systems. The work concentrates on designing the schematic using OrCAD.

  11. Applying Formal Methods to the Design of Smart Card Software

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Butler, Michael; Hartel, Pieter; Longley, Mark; Jong, de Eduard

    1997-01-01

    The goal of this work is the design of a language for the implementation of smart card applications, specifically an operating system, as high integrity software. The integrity of a piece of software is demonstrated by proving various properties of the software. The language must therefore exclude a

  12. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FPGA BASED SIGNAL PROCESSING CARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priya Gupta

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the design of FPGA based signal processing card. An on board real time digital signal processing system is designed using FPGA. The platform can decode process of various kinds of digital and analog signals simultaneously. The design trend in this card is towards small size, high integration and fast real time processing. For the optimum performance a 16 bit 1 MSPS ADC is used which is interfaced with FPGA to make all the data processing on board in real time. This card can be used in many signal processing based applications like audio signal processing, audio compression, digital image processing, video compression, speech processing, speech recognition, digital communications by interfacing several separate board using inbuilt I/O’s, each with a number of input channels that will communicate with each other in real time over a high speed communication link. The resulting images can be displayed directly on LCD or OLED panel displays using I/O’s peripherals. The project introduces many challenging issues, which are being addressed in turn with different prototype designs. These issues are the ADC performance, interfacing the ADCs to the FPGA, implementing the flexible processing algorithms and high speed interconnection between the boards.

  13. Design and Implementation of an Electronic Identification Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Flores‐Escalante

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present an “Electronic Identification Card” (EIC. This EIC is designed to provide a high degree of security foruser authentication using biometrics, cryptography and steganography. The EIC encrypts the user's personal information as wellas his fingerprint and then embed it in a photograph of the user's face. Two factors of authentication are used in the process:“something the user knows” and “something the user has”, in order to provide layers of security to shield the card. The EIC givesthe flexibility to operate in database systems, storage media like chips for smart cards or digital passports. We also developedschemes to authenticate users through the EIC, like remote authentication by a Web interface and the authentication in a localmachine.

  14. Design and Use of Task Cards in the Reciprocal Style of Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iserbyt, Peter; Byra, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Task cards are instructional tools that combine a picture of a skill with written instructions about how to perform the skill. This article provides practical guidelines for developing research-based task cards for use in physical education classes. Fitness-related motor skills are used as examples to clarify design principles for task cards. The…

  15. FBCT fast intensity measurement using TRIC cards

    CERN Document Server

    Allica, J C; Belohrad, D; Jensen, L; Lenardon, F; SØby, L

    2015-01-01

    At the CERN PS complex, precise fast intensity measurements are very important in order to optimize the transfer efficiencies between the different accelerators. Over the last two years a complete renovation has been ongoing, where the old electronics, based on analogue integrators, have been replaced by a fully digital system enclosed in a single VME based card. This new system called TRIC (Transformer Integration Card) is based on a 12 bit, 212 MS/s ADC and an FPGA for the signal processing. Also located on the same board one finds a 250 V/1.5 W DCDC converter used to generate precise calibration pulses.

  16. Dominant Design or Multiple Designs: The Flash Memory Card Case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. de Vries (Henk); J.P.M. de Ruijter (Joost); N. Argam (Najim)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractLiterature suggests that in battles between competing designs, ultimately one design will emerge as dominant to the detriment of the others. Various factors and forces have been identified to explain this phenomenon. Yet, sometimes no dominant design emerges at all and multiple competing

  17. Characterisation of Reticon and Hamamatsu photodiode array and the subsequent development of high performance VME-based detector systems optimised for energy dispersive EXAFS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bogg, D.; Dent, A.J.; Derbyshire, G.E.; Farrow, R.C.; Ramsdale, C.A.; Salvini, G. [Daresbury Lab., Warrington (United Kingdom). CCLRC

    1997-06-21

    Energy dispersive EXAFS is an established and successful technique employed at Daresbury Laboratory for the study of dynamic experiments. At the heart of this technique is an in house developed high-performance VME-based detector system using a photodiode array. This system originally used a Reticon RL1024S array but extensive investigation of three other photodiode arrays namely the Reticon 512T, 512SB and the Hamamatsu S3904 has enabled their characterisation and the subsequent development of optimised drive and signal processing electronics. This has provided two further systems which exhibit improved signal to noise, excellent linearity and increased operational speed. (orig.).

  18. Design and implementation of a smart card based healthcare information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kardas, Geylani; Tunali, E Turhan

    2006-01-01

    Smart cards are used in information technologies as portable integrated devices with data storage and data processing capabilities. As in other fields, smart card use in health systems became popular due to their increased capacity and performance. Their efficient use with easy and fast data access facilities leads to implementation particularly widespread in security systems. In this paper, a smart card based healthcare information system is developed. The system uses smart card for personal identification and transfer of health data and provides data communication via a distributed protocol which is particularly developed for this study. Two smart card software modules are implemented that run on patient and healthcare professional smart cards, respectively. In addition to personal information, general health information about the patient is also loaded to patient smart card. Health care providers use their own smart cards to be authenticated on the system and to access data on patient cards. Encryption keys and digital signature keys stored on smart cards of the system are used for secure and authenticated data communication between clients and database servers over distributed object protocol. System is developed on Java platform by using object oriented architecture and design patterns.

  19. Towards testability in smart card operating system design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartel, Pieter H.; Cordonnier, V.; de Jong, Eduard K.; Quisquater, J.J.

    1994-01-01

    The operating system of a smart card is a safety critical system. Distributed in millions, smart cards with their small 8-bit CPU support applications where transferred values are only protected by the strength of a cryptographic protocol. This strength goes no further than the implementation of the

  20. McCARD for Neutronics Design and Analysis of Research Reactor Cores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Hyung Jin; Park, Ho Jin; Kwon, Soonwoo; Seo, Geon Ho; Hyo Kim, Chang

    2014-06-01

    McCARD is a Monte Carlo (MC) neutron-photon transport simulation code developed exclusively for the neutronics design and analysis of nuclear reactor cores. McCARD is equipped with the hierarchical modeling and scripting functions, the CAD-based geometry processing module, the adjoint-weighted kinetics parameter and source multiplication factor estimation modules as well as the burnup analysis capability for the neutronics design and analysis of both research and power reactor cores. This paper highlights applicability of McCARD for the research reactor core neutronics analysis, as demonstrated for Kyoto University Critical Assembly, HANARO, and YALINA.

  1. Analysis and design of a smart card based authentication protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kuo-Hui YEH; Kuo-Yu TSAI; Jia-Li HOU

    2013-01-01

    Numerous smart card based authentication protocols have been proposed to provide strong system security and robust individual privacy for communication between parties these days. Nevertheless, most of them do not provide formal analysis proof, and the security robustness is doubtful. Chang and Cheng (2011) proposed an efficient remote authentication protocol with smart cards and claimed that their proposed protocol could support secure communication in a multi-server environment. Unfortunately, there are opportunities for security enhancement in current schemes. In this paper, we identify the major weakness, i.e., session key disclosure, of a recently published protocol. We consequently propose a novel authentication scheme for a multi-server envi-ronment and give formal analysis proofs for security guarantees.

  2. Design of eight-channel ADC card for GHz signal conversion

    CERN Document Server

    Habib, Samer Bou; Jalmuzna, Wojciech; Jezynski, Tomasz

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the design of an eight-channel ATCA card suited for direct analog-to-digital conversion of 1.3 GHz signals with a maximum ADC clock frequency of 500 MHz. The undersampling operation is used for signal conversion. This card was designed for the needs of the LLRF system of the FLASH and XFEL accelerators. The designed module consists of a main ATCA board with eight ADCs, FPGA unit, memory, power supply and diagnostic circuits. The main ATCA card allows connecting a daughter board with IPMI, CPU and fast interfaces for communication purposes. This paper describes such issues as system organization allowing acquisition of data at such high data rates, circuit synchronization by high-quality clock signals, CPU and connectivity features, 20-layer PCB design and techniques used for high-frequency signals transmission and matching.

  3. Smart Cards and Card Operating Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartel, Pieter H.; Bartlett, J.; de Jong, Eduard K.

    The operating system of an IC card should provide an appropriate interface to applications using IC cards. An incorrect choice of operations and data renders the card inefficient and cumbersome. The design principles of the UNIX operating system are most appropriate for IC card operating system

  4. A Simple Application and Design of Genetic Algorithm in Card Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾鹏程

    2016-01-01

    According to traditional card problem solving which is based on the idea of genetic algorithm(GA), a set of algorithms is designed to find final solution. For each process in genetic algorithm, including choices of fitness function, parameters deter-mination and coding scheme selection,classic algorithm is used to realize the various steps, and ultimately to find solution of problems.

  5. Verified by Visa and MasterCard SecureCode: Or, How Not to Design Authentication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdoch, Steven J.; Anderson, Ross

    Banks worldwide are starting to authenticate online card transactions using the '3-D Secure' protocol, which is branded as Verified by Visa and MasterCard SecureCode. This has been partly driven by the sharp increase in online fraud that followed the deployment of EMV smart cards for cardholder-present payments in Europe and elsewhere. 3-D Secure has so far escaped academic scrutiny; yet it might be a textbook example of how not to design an authentication protocol. It ignores good design principles and has significant vulnerabilities, some of which are already being exploited. Also, it provides a fascinating lesson in security economics. While other single sign-on schemes such as OpenID, InfoCard and Liberty came up with decent technology they got the economics wrong, and their schemes have not been adopted. 3-D Secure has lousy technology, but got the economics right (at least for banks and merchants); it now boasts hundreds of millions of accounts. We suggest a path towards more robust authentication that is technologically sound and where the economics would work for banks, merchants and customers - given a gentle regulatory nudge.

  6. The effect of wild card designations and rare alleles in forensic DNA database searches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tvedebrink, Torben; Bright, Jo-Anne; Buckleton, John S; Curran, James M; Morling, Niels

    2015-05-01

    Forensic DNA databases are powerful tools used for the identification of persons of interest in criminal investigations. Typically, they consist of two parts: (1) a database containing DNA profiles of known individuals and (2) a database of DNA profiles associated with crime scenes. The risk of adventitious or chance matches between crimes and innocent people increases as the number of profiles within a database grows and more data is shared between various forensic DNA databases, e.g. from different jurisdictions. The DNA profiles obtained from crime scenes are often partial because crime samples may be compromised in quantity or quality. When an individual's profile cannot be resolved from a DNA mixture, ambiguity is introduced. A wild card, F, may be used in place of an allele that has dropped out or when an ambiguous profile is resolved from a DNA mixture. Variant alleles that do not correspond to any marker in the allelic ladder or appear above or below the extent of the allelic ladder range are assigned the allele designation R for rare allele. R alleles are position specific with respect to the observed/unambiguous allele. The F and R designations are made when the exact genotype has not been determined. The F and R designation are treated as wild cards for searching, which results in increased chance of adventitious matches. We investigated the probability of adventitious matches given these two types of wild cards.

  7. Design and Implementation of IC Card System%IC卡考勤系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱高中

    2011-01-01

    IC卡考勤管理系统是基于IC卡对员工基本信息进行管理的,设计出了一种对人员考勤监控的系统.其中包括信息初始值设置部分、数码管显示电路、复位电路、接触式IC卡模块电路等.通过接触式IC卡模块对员工的基本信息进行写入与读出,并利用矩阵键盘对员工初始信息进行设置,根据不同的出勤情况在数码管上进行不同的显示.该设计具有操作简单、成本较低即可实现员工出勤的考勤情况,方便企业的管理等优点.经过测试,本系统可以显示员工的基本信息.%IC card attendance management system, based on the basic information of the staff in IC card to manage, is the design of a monitoring system on staff attendance, including setting part of information of the initial value, digital control circuit, reset circuit, contacfless IC card module circuit. Based on the basic information on the staff written and read in the contact IC card roodtile, and the information matrix keyboard to set the initial employees, depending on the attendance there will be a different display in the digital control. The design is simple, low cost, effective to the staff attendance and convenient to facilitate enterprise management. After testing, the system can display basic information about employees.

  8. Design of the EuCARD High-Field Model Dipole Magnet FRESCA2

    CERN Document Server

    Milanese, A; Durante, M; Manil, P; Perez, J C; Rifflet, J M; de Rijk, G; Rondeaux, F

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on the design of FRESCA2, a dipole magnet model wound with Nb3Sn Rutherford cable. This magnet is one of the deliverables of the High Field Magnets work package of the European FP7-EuCARD project. The nominal magnetic flux density of 13 Tesla in a 100 mm bore will make it suitable for upgrading the FRESCA cable test facility at CERN. The magnetic layout is based on a block coil, with four layers per pole. The mechanical structure is designed to provide adequate pre-stress, through the use of bladders, keys and an aluminum alloy shrinking cylinder.

  9. Information presentation features and comprehensibility of hospital report cards: design analysis and online survey among users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Uwe; Emmert, Martin; Dickel, Jochen; Meszmer, Nina; Kolb, Benjamin

    2015-03-16

    Improving the transparency of information about the quality of health care providers is one way to improve health care quality. It is assumed that Internet information steers patients toward better-performing health care providers and will motivate providers to improve quality. However, the effect of public reporting on hospital quality is still small. One of the reasons is that users find it difficult to understand the formats in which information is presented. We analyzed the presentation of risk-adjusted mortality rate (RAMR) for coronary angiography in the 10 most commonly used German public report cards to analyze the impact of information presentation features on their comprehensibility. We wanted to determine which information presentation features were utilized, were preferred by users, led to better comprehension, and had similar effects to those reported in evidence-based recommendations described in the literature. The study consisted of 5 steps: (1) identification of best-practice evidence about the presentation of information on hospital report cards; (2) selection of a single risk-adjusted quality indicator; (3) selection of a sample of designs adopted by German public report cards; (4) identification of the information presentation elements used in public reporting initiatives in Germany; and (5) an online panel completed an online questionnaire that was conducted to determine if respondents were able to identify the hospital with the lowest RAMR and if respondents' hospital choices were associated with particular information design elements. Evidence-based recommendations were made relating to the following information presentation features relevant to report cards: evaluative table with symbols, tables without symbols, bar charts, bar charts without symbols, bar charts with symbols, symbols, evaluative word labels, highlighting, order of providers, high values to indicate good performance, explicit statements of whether high or low values indicate

  10. Information Presentation Features and Comprehensibility of Hospital Report Cards: Design Analysis and Online Survey Among Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Background Improving the transparency of information about the quality of health care providers is one way to improve health care quality. It is assumed that Internet information steers patients toward better-performing health care providers and will motivate providers to improve quality. However, the effect of public reporting on hospital quality is still small. One of the reasons is that users find it difficult to understand the formats in which information is presented. Objective We analyzed the presentation of risk-adjusted mortality rate (RAMR) for coronary angiography in the 10 most commonly used German public report cards to analyze the impact of information presentation features on their comprehensibility. We wanted to determine which information presentation features were utilized, were preferred by users, led to better comprehension, and had similar effects to those reported in evidence-based recommendations described in the literature. Methods The study consisted of 5 steps: (1) identification of best-practice evidence about the presentation of information on hospital report cards; (2) selection of a single risk-adjusted quality indicator; (3) selection of a sample of designs adopted by German public report cards; (4) identification of the information presentation elements used in public reporting initiatives in Germany; and (5) an online panel completed an online questionnaire that was conducted to determine if respondents were able to identify the hospital with the lowest RAMR and if respondents’ hospital choices were associated with particular information design elements. Results Evidence-based recommendations were made relating to the following information presentation features relevant to report cards: evaluative table with symbols, tables without symbols, bar charts, bar charts without symbols, bar charts with symbols, symbols, evaluative word labels, highlighting, order of providers, high values to indicate good performance, explicit statements

  11. Design of a card reader supports many protocols%支持多协议的读卡器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢轲; 宋发兴; 陈建行; 米兰

    2013-01-01

    针对目前市场上流行的大多数只提供单一应用的读卡器,设计了一种能够同时支持ISO7816、ISO14443TYPEA以及ISO14443 TYPEB等多种协议的读卡器.该读卡器采用ATMEGA64L为主控制器,MFRC531为13.56 M射频读写芯片,TDA8007为接触式CPU IC卡读写芯片,设计了基于JTAG的调试电路以及与主机通信的RS232通信电路.根据实际需求设计加载驱动程序完成了接触式CPU卡的上电激活以及复位应答的异步接收、射频卡的查询与防冲突等功能,配合以一种专用卡座,能够实现对包括MIFARE ONE卡、接触式CPU IC卡以及二代身份证等多种类型卡的操作.%Whereas most card readers available in the market are for single application and can only operate one type card,this paper designs a card reader which can support many protocols at the same time,such as ISO7816,ISO14443 TYPEA,ISO 14443TYPEB and so on. The circuit is designed with ATMEGA64L as the controller, MFRC531 as the chip which can operate 13. 56 M radio frequency(RF) card,TDA8007 as the chip which can operate contact CPU IC card,debug circuitry based JTAG and RS232 communication circuit. It also design driver program to complete contact CPU card on the electrical activation, answer to reset asynchronous receiver, RF card queries and anti-collision. It has been implemented that operating many types of cards such as MIFARE ONE card,contact CPU IC card,2nd generation ID card and so on using these boards and an applicable card socket.

  12. Learning to design rehabilitation devices through the H-CARD course: project-based learning of rehabilitation technology design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Nick; Hussain, Asif; Burdet, Etienne

    2012-01-01

    The aging population and the wish to improve quality of life, as well as the economic pressure to work longer, call for intuitive and efficient assistive and rehabilitation technologies. Therefore, we have developed a project based education paradigm in the design of assistive and rehabilitation devices. Using a miniature wireless sensing and feedback platform, the multimodal interactive motor assessment and training environment (MIMATE), students from different engineering backgrounds were able to develop innovative devices implementing rehabilitative games in the short span of a one-term course. We describe here this novel H-CARD course on the human-centered design of assistive and rehabilitative devices.

  13. Design of Distributed Card Clothing Data Management System in Carding Machine%分布式梳棉机针布数据管理系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐智敏; 张开利

    2012-01-01

    Design of distributed card clothing data management system in carding machine was discussed. Based on Web card clothing data management system, distributed card clothing data management system was designed. Busi ness operation was realized in front stage and data structure was supplied in backage. J2EE three frame based on Web was adopted, I. E. Client layer .middle layer and information system layer. Tracking test was done on co-design function and card clothing configuration was optimized. The result shows that functions was combined in the system, including card clothing data and carding machine processing inquiry,card clothing match and design,card clothing parameter sta tistical analysis and card clothing sell. It is considered that product development time can be shortened and market com petitiveness of enterprises can be increased by using the system.%探讨分布式梳棉机针布数据管理系统的设计.基于Web的针布数据管理系统,设计了分布式梳棉机针布数据管理系统,前台实现业务操作,后台提供数据结构.采用了基于Web的J2EE三层框架,即客户层、中间层、信息系统层.对协同设计功能做了跟踪测试,优化了针布配置.得出:该系统集针布参数和梳棉机工艺参数的查询、针布配套、针布的设计及针布参数统计分析、针布的销售等于一体.认为:该系统可以缩短产品开发时间,提高企业市场竞争力.

  14. 基于SPI的SD卡驱动软件设计%Design of SD Card Drive Software Based on SPI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨怀德; 朴希南

    2012-01-01

    SD卡是一种基于半导体闪存的新的存储介质,广泛地应用在便携式设备上。按照SD卡规范的描述,SD卡提供了两种通信协议:SD模式和SPI模式,驱动可以选择任意一种模式来实现。目前基于SPI的SD卡驱动研究还比较少.研究基于SPI总线模式的SD卡驱动软件设计并分析SD卡的初始化过程和读写过程。%SD card is a flash memory storage media based on new semiconductor, widely used in portable devices. Described in accordance with SD card specification, SD card provides two communica- tion protocols: SD mode and SPI mode, the driver can choose either mode to achieve. Current SPI-based SD card-driven research is still relatively small, on the basis of the SPI bus mode designs SD card driver software and analyses the initialization and read-write process of SD card.

  15. Asymmetric hollow POF coupler design for portable optical access card system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehsan, Abang Annuar; Shaari, Sahbudin; Abd Rahman, Mohd Kamil

    2009-05-01

    An optical code generating device using plastic optical fiber (POF) coupler for portable optical access card system is presented. The code generating device constructed using asymmetric hollow POF coupler design provides a unique series of output light intensities which are successively used as an optical code. Each coupler will be assigned with a unique optical code based on the asymmetrical waveguide design. Non-sequential ray tracing simulation of various coupler designs showed a linear relationship between the tap-off ratio (TOFR) and the waveguide tap width. The results for the simulated and fabricated 1x2 asymmetric couplers show the same linear characteristics between the TOFR and the tap width. The simulated devices show a TOFR variation from 18.6% to 49.9% whereas the TOFR for the fabricated metal-based devices varies from 10.7% up to 47.7%, for a tap width of 500 μm to 1 mm. The insertion loss for the 1x2 asymmetric coupler at the tap line varies from 12.7 dB to 21.2 dB whereas for the bus line, the average insertion loss is about 12 dB.

  16. Optical link card design for the phase II upgrade of TileCal experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Carrio, F; Ferrer, A; Gonzalez, V; Higon, E; Marin, C; Moreno, P; Sanchis, E; Solans, C; Valero, A; Valls, J

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the design of an optical link card developed in the frame of the R&D activities for the phase 2 upgrade of the TileCal experiment. This board, that is part of the evaluation of different technologies for the final choice in the next years, is designed as a mezzanine that can work independently or be plugged in the optical multiplexer board of the TileCal backend electronics. It includes two SNAP 12 optical connectors able to transmit and receive up to 75 Gb/s and one SFP optical connector for lower speeds and compatibility with existing hardware as the read out driver. All processing is done in a Stratix II GX field-programmable gate array (FPGA). Details are given on the hardware design, including signal and power integrity ana lysis, needed when working with these high data rates and on firmware development to obtain the best performance of the FPGA signal transceivers and for the use of the GBT protocol.

  17. Playing cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    Mrs. Zahia Marzouk, vice-president of the Alexandria Family Planning Association and a living legend of Egyptian family planning, does not believe in talking about problems. She is far too busy learning from people and teaching them. Her latest brainstorm is a set of playing cards designed to help girls and women to read and learn about family planning at the same time. The 5 packs of cards, representing familiar words and sounds, and each with a family planning joker, took Mrs. Marzouk 6 months to design and paint by hand. They have now been printed, packed into packets provided by UNICEF, and distributed to some 2000 literacy groups in factories and family planning clinics. Each woman who succeeds in learning to read is encouraged to teach 4 others. They then go to the family planning clinic to be examined and gain a certificate. For the teacher who has made them proficient there is a special prize. Girls at El Brinth village outside Alexandria are pictured playing cards at the family planning center where they are learning various skills including how to read.

  18. A tailored 200 parameter VME based data acquisition system for IBA at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility - Hardware and software

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfman, Mikael; Ros, Linus; Kristiansson, Per; Nilsson, E. J. Charlotta; Pallon, Jan

    2016-03-01

    With the recent advances towards modern Ion Beam Analysis (IBA), going from one- or few-parameter detector systems to multi-parameter systems, it has been necessary to expand and replace the more than twenty years old CAMAC based system. A new VME multi-parameter (presently up to 200 channels) data acquisition and control system has been developed and implemented at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility (LIBAF). The system is based on the VX-511 Single Board Computer (SBC), acting as master with arbiter functionality and consists of standard VME modules like Analog to Digital Converters (ADC's), Charge to Digital Converters (QDC's), Time to Digital Converters (TDC's), scaler's, IO-cards, high voltage and waveform units. The modules have been specially selected to support all of the present detector systems in the laboratory, with the option of future expansion. Typically, the detector systems consist of silicon strip detectors, silicon drift detectors and scintillator detectors, for detection of charged particles, X-rays and γ-rays. The data flow of the raw data buffers out from the VME bus to the final storage place on a 16 terabyte network attached storage disc (NAS-disc) is described. The acquisition process, remotely controlled over one of the SBCs ethernet channels, is also discussed. The user interface is written in the Kmax software package, and is used to control the acquisition process as well as for advanced online and offline data analysis through a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI). In this work the system implementation, layout and performance are presented. The user interface and possibilities for advanced offline analysis are also discussed and illustrated.

  19. A tailored 200 parameter VME based data acquisition system for IBA at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility – Hardware and software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elfman, Mikael, E-mail: Mikael.Elfman@nuclear.lu.se; Ros, Linus; Kristiansson, Per; Nilsson, E.J. Charlotta; Pallon, Jan

    2016-03-15

    With the recent advances towards modern Ion Beam Analysis (IBA), going from one- or few-parameter detector systems to multi-parameter systems, it has been necessary to expand and replace the more than twenty years old CAMAC based system. A new VME multi-parameter (presently up to 200 channels) data acquisition and control system has been developed and implemented at the Lund Ion Beam Analysis Facility (LIBAF). The system is based on the VX-511 Single Board Computer (SBC), acting as master with arbiter functionality and consists of standard VME modules like Analog to Digital Converters (ADC’s), Charge to Digital Converters (QDC’s), Time to Digital Converters (TDC’s), scaler’s, IO-cards, high voltage and waveform units. The modules have been specially selected to support all of the present detector systems in the laboratory, with the option of future expansion. Typically, the detector systems consist of silicon strip detectors, silicon drift detectors and scintillator detectors, for detection of charged particles, X-rays and γ-rays. The data flow of the raw data buffers out from the VME bus to the final storage place on a 16 terabyte network attached storage disc (NAS-disc) is described. The acquisition process, remotely controlled over one of the SBCs ethernet channels, is also discussed. The user interface is written in the Kmax software package, and is used to control the acquisition process as well as for advanced online and offline data analysis through a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI). In this work the system implementation, layout and performance are presented. The user interface and possibilities for advanced offline analysis are also discussed and illustrated.

  20. Christmas cards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国勤

    2002-01-01

    Every December,millions of Christmas cards go through the post offices.There're pictures of stars,snow or Christmas tree on the cards. In these days it's hard to think of a Christmas without cards,yet 150 years ago there were no cards at all.Here's jus! one story about the Christmas cards.Some boys of those days who were at boarding school had to write a special piece of English at Christmas time。

  1. HDL Design for 1 Zetta Bits Per Second (1 Zbps Multichannel 64:1 LVDS Data Serializer & De-Serializer ASIC Array Card Design for 6th Sense and Future Ultra High Wireless and Mobile Communication Protocol Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. N. V. M SASTRY

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Aim is to HDL Design & Implementation for Exa Bit Rate Multichannel 64:1 LVDS Data Serializer & De-Serializer ASIC Array Card for Ultra High Speed Wireless Communication Products like Network On Chip Routers, Data Bus Communication Interface Applications, Cloud Computing Networks , Zetta bit Ethernet at Zetta Bit Rate Of Data Transfer Speed. Basically This Serializer Array Converts 64 bit parallel Data Array in to Serial Array Form on Transmitter Side and Transmission Done through High Speed Wireless Serial Communication Link and also Converts this Same Serial Array Data into Parallel Data Array on the Receiver Side by De-Serializer Array ASIC without any noise, also measure Very High Compressed Jitter Tolerance & Eye Diagram, Bit Error Rate through Analyzer. This LVDS Data SER-De-SER mainly used in High Speed Bus Communication Protocol Transceivers, Interface FPGA Add On Cards. The Process Of Design is Implemented through Verilog HDL / VHDL, Programming & Debugging Done Latest FPGA Board.

  2. Card Reader

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lan Xinzhen

    2012-01-01

    Huo Haizhong,a farmer in Zhuning Village,Shanxi Province,holds a special card in his hand,a card that will help his future.It's not a credit card,nor a debit card or spccial membership-it's a farmer's card,a large note card where Huo records informarion about crop yield,farm animals and his family's income.It's also a place where Huo can jot down problems on his farm and make suggestions to the local government.The farmer's card is being promoted across Zuoquan County.The county began promoting the card in 2008 on a trial basis,and now all 204 villages under its administration have introduced the card.

  3. Design and Development of Card-Sized Virtual Keyboard Using Permanent Magnets and Hall Sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demachi, Kazuyuki; Ohyama, Makoto; Kanemoto, Yoshiki; Masaie, Issei

    This paper proposes a method to distinguish the key-type of human fingers attached with the small permanent magnets. The Hall sensors arrayed in the credit card size area feel the distribution of the magnetic field due to the key-typing movement of the human fingers as if the keyboard exists, and the signal is analyzed using the generic algorithm or the neural network algorism to distinguish the typed keys. By this method, the keyboard can be miniaturized to the credit card size (54mm×85mm). We called this system `The virtual keyboard system'.

  4. Payment Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kantnerová Liběna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the use of payment cards in retail in the Czech Republic from the side of clients (buyers and the side of sellers. Questionnaires for clients examine satisfaction with cards and the service connected with them. Sellers’ satisfaction with the profit and function of cards is analyzed. The data indicated that 92% of the 352 respondents in South Bohemia had a payment card and more than 35% had more than one card. In retail, 70% of sellers had a payment terminal.

  5. 基于Android平台的安全TF卡设计%Design of Secure TF Card based on Android Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关磊; 周玉洁

    2012-01-01

    安全TF卡是一款便于携带、支持公钥基础设施(PKI)的身份认证产品,它同时具有安全认证和存储的功能,在移动终端、手机银行、数字版权保护方面有着广泛的应用前景。文中提出了一种基于安全芯片的安全TF卡设计方法,简要介绍了TF卡的系统设计框架和程序开发流程,并针对Android平台,创新性地采用文件读写的方式完成上位机和TF主控制器之间的通信,通过优化通信协议大大提升了数据传输的速率和稳定性,最后介绍了利用JNI技术进行Android演示程序开发的要点。%Secure TF card, as a portable security product, could support public key infrastructure(PKI). In combination of secure authentication and storage function, it has broad application prospects in many fields including mobile terminal, mobile bank and DRM. This paper proposes a design method for secure TF card based on a secure chip, and briefs the hardware framework and program design flow of the whole system. And then it is applied to the Android platform by innovatively using the method of read-and-write files to connect the mobile phone and the TF controller. This method enormously raises the transmission speed and stability of the TF card. Finally this paper gives the critical points in the design of Android Demo program by using JNI.

  6. Design and Analysis of High-Performance Smart Card with HF/UHF Dual-Band RFID Tag and Memory Functions

    OpenAIRE

    Gi-Hyun Hwang; Dae-Ki Kang

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a novel design of high-performance smart card with HF/UHF dual-band RFID tag to overcome frequency interference problem. Firstly, we have designed and tested a UHF RFID tag using a simulation software system. In the smart card hardware design stage, we connect a HF antenna and a UHF antenna and place them in one inlay sheet. Using a spectrum analyzer, we systematically adjust the antenna pattern to detect the optimal patterns that fit the impedance of the RFID chip...

  7. Playing the Smart Card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuzack, Christine A.

    1997-01-01

    Enhanced magnetic strip cards and "smart cards" offer varied service options to college students. Enhanced magnetic strip cards serve as cash cards and provide access to services. Smart cards, which resemble credit cards but contain a microchip, can be used as phone cards, bus passes, library cards, admission tickets, point-of-sale debit…

  8. Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator Designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet

    CERN Document Server

    Kirby, G A; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Gentini, L; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J C; de Rijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Härö, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

    2015-01-01

    Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

  9. Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet

    CERN Document Server

    Kirby, G; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J; DeRijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; Ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Haro, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

    2014-01-01

    Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

  10. The design of “holographic” transverse section of subgrade by Card/1%基于Card/1软件的路基横断面设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新兵; 张聚文

    2012-01-01

    采用具备深层开放、方便灵活等特点的Card/1软件对路基横断面进行“信息化”设计,基于CardScript脚本语言和QPR函数对软件进行二次开发,从横断面线数据库中获取相关信息,实现了路基防护、排水及其他有关工程数量清单文件以及路基防护工程工点设计图的自动生成.此方法能有效简化横断面设计及相关工程数量统计过程中的重复工作,大幅度提高工作效率,减轻设计人员的劳动强度.%Card/1 is flexible and easy to perform "information" design on the subgrade transverse section in the paper. The software is redeveloped based on CardScript scripting language and QPR function. The relevant infor mation is acquired from a Cross - sectional database which has realized the subgrade protection, drainage, other inventory files about the number of projects as well as the automatic generation of the blue print for the roadbed protection works and worksites. This method can efficiently simplify the repetitive work in the process of desig ning transverse section and counting the number of relevant projects, which improves the work efficiency substan tially and relieves the labor intensity of designers.

  11. Wallet Card

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CMS Office of Information Products and Data Analysis, OIPDA, produces the CMS Wallet Card as a quick reference statistical summary on annual CMS program and...

  12. 银行ATM智能发卡管理系统设计%Bank ATM smart card management system design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊; 邓绍涛

    2013-01-01

    In order to address the growing demand for the non-cash business directly through a bank ATM,component-based application development model is adopted to design a bank ATM smart card management system,the software reusability and new business it carry comparing to the traditional ATM are obviously the advantages.%为了解决直接通过银行ATM办理非现金业务的日益增长的需求,本文基于组件的应用程序开发模型,设计了一个由软件组件的银行ATM智能发卡管理系统,具有软件复用性及相比于传统ATM的一系列崭新业务优势.

  13. Design of Wireless Handheld Magnetic Card Terminal%无线手持磁条卡信息终端设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林耀荣; 李想

    2011-01-01

    A wireless handheld magnetic card terminal is designed, which is based on the lightweight TCP/IP protocol stack LwIP. The wireless handheld magnetic card terminal is composed of ARM MCU, GPRS MODEM MC39i, magnetic card interface, keyboard and LCD module. The users' ID information on a magnetic card is read with the wireless handheld magnetic card terminal, and sent to the central server through GPRS network. The wireless handheld magnetic card terminal has the characteristics of low cost, small volume and low power consumption. It can be used in a variety of applications, such as bonus points enquiry terminal system and hospital information enquiry system.%基于小型TCP/IP协议栈LwIP开发了一个无线手持磁条卡信息终端.无线手持磁条卡信息终端由ARM单片机,GPRS无线MODEM MC39i,磁条卡接口芯片,键盘和LCD模块等组成.无线手持磁条卡信息终端利用磁条卡接口读取磁卡上的用户ID信息,并通过GPRS无线网络与中心服务器互联,进行后台处理.开发的无线手持磁条卡信息终端具有成本低、体积小、功耗低等特点,可以用于会员消费积分查询、医疗就诊查询等应用系统中.

  14. Design and Implementation of an Out-Patient Bank & Medical Card System%门诊银医一卡通系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文波; 王亚萍; 綦悦含

    2015-01-01

    The bank and medical card realized the connection between the information system of banks and hospitals. With use of the specialized bank and medical card or an ordinary bank card, a package of medical service solutions were provided for the hospital and patients in reliance on multi-channels including the bank self-help terminal, online bank and telephone bank. This paper introduced the design principle, network structures, function design and implementation of an out-patient bank and medical card system in the hospital.%银医一卡通是将银行的信息系统与医院的信息系统进行连接,通过签约银行专门的银行医疗卡或者普通银行卡,依托银行自助终端、网上银行、电话银行等渠道,为医院及患者提供一揽子医疗服务解决方案。本文介绍了我院门诊银医一卡通系统的设计原则,系统的网络结构及功能的设计与实现过程。

  15. Smart Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Floarea NASTASE

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Reforms in electronic business have presented new opportunities to use smart card technology as an enabling tool. The network-centric applications, where resources are located throughout the Internet and access to them is possible from any location, require authenticated access and secured transactions. Smart cards represent an ideal solution: they offers an additional layer of electronic security and information assurance for user authentication, confidentiality, non-repudiation, information integrity, physical access control to facilities, and logical access control to an computer systems.

  16. Design of SD Memory Card Interface Based on Nios II Softcore%基于Nios II软核处理器的SD卡接口设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鹏

    2013-01-01

    随着FPGA的低成本化和整合资源的不断增强,FPGA在整个嵌入式市场中的份额在不断增加。基于FPGA的NiosII软核以其高度的设计灵活性和完全可定制性在现今电子产品设计及工业控制中扮演着重要的角色。此外,以SD卡为代表的大容量存储卡成为消费电子类产品最重要的存储媒体。基于NiosII软核处理器来读写SD卡的接口设计在诸多电子系统中的使用也愈来愈多。文中给出了基于NiosII软核处理器的SD卡接口设计方案,并介绍了NiosII的驱动架构,给出SD存储卡在NiosII软核上的驱动程序设计。%With low-cost FPGA and its growing integration of resources,the share of FPGA in the entire embedded market continues to increase. FPGA-based Nios II soft core for its high degree of design flexibility and full customizability plays an important role in today's electronic products and industrial control design. In addition,the SD mass storage card becomes the most important media in consumer electronics products. SD card reader interface design based on the Nios II soft core processor is more and more used in many electronic systems. In this paper,proposed the Nios II soft core processor based SD card interface design and Nios II driver architecture. In addition, presented the design of the SD memory card driver based on Nios II soft core.

  17. Smart Cards and remote entrusting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aussel, Jean-Daniel; D'Annoville, Jerome; Castillo, Laurent; Durand, Stephane; Fabre, Thierry; Lu, Karen; Ali, Asad

    Smart cards are widely used to provide security in end-to-end communication involving servers and a variety of terminals, including mobile handsets or payment terminals. Sometime, end-to-end server to smart card security is not applicable, and smart cards must communicate directly with an application executing on a terminal, like a personal computer, without communicating with a server. In this case, the smart card must somehow trust the terminal application before performing some secure operation it was designed for. This paper presents a novel method to remotely trust a terminal application from the smart card. For terminals such as personal computers, this method is based on an advanced secure device connected through the USB and consisting of a smart card bundled with flash memory. This device, or USB dongle, can be used in the context of remote untrusting to secure portable applications conveyed in the dongle flash memory. White-box cryptography is used to set the secure channel and a mechanism based on thumbprint is described to provide external authentication when session keys need to be renewed. Although not as secure as end-to-end server to smart card security, remote entrusting with smart cards is easy to deploy for mass-market applications and can provide a reasonable level of security.

  18. Skill Cards for Open-Ended Gameboards, Set A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Reading Association, Newport Beach, CA. California Reading Association.

    These skill cards and answer cards were designed for open ended game boards but may be used with any open ended game to reinforce reading skills. There are twelve sets in the packet. Each set contains twenty skill cards and one answer card. The topics for the sets are: long vowel substitution, short vowel substitution, consonant digraph…

  19. 77 FR 4822 - Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative: Designation of an Approved Native American Tribal Card...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... Section 7209 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA), Public Law 108-458... known as the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) at U.S. land and sea ports of entry. See 73 FR... Caribbean Sea, except Cuba.'' This definition applies to 8 CFR 212.1 and 235.1. Upon the designation by...

  20. Sustainable design training cards as a way to promote active learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasling, Karen Marie; Ræbild, Ulla

    2017-01-01

    for a collaborative project with a company and two freelance designers. The theoretical framework the paper builds upon takes overall departure in a constructivist learning tradition and focuses on active learning as a way to approach the reflective practitioner (Schön, 1987, 1983). In novel or non-routine situations...

  1. Learning via Game Design: From Digital to Card Games and Back Again

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchetti, Emanuela; Valente, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we consider the problem of making design of digital games accessible to primary school children and their teachers, and we argue for the need of digital games that are easy to alter by young learners. We know from previous research projects that digital games do not enable children to express their creativity at full, in contrast…

  2. A Case Study of Engaging Hard-to-Reach Participants in the Research Process: Community Advisors on Research Design and Strategies (CARDS)®.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Betty L; Thomas, Gay R; Bowers, Barbara J

    2017-02-01

    Lack of diversity among study participants in clinical research limits progress in eliminating health disparities. The engagement of lay stakeholders, such as patient or community advisory boards (CABs), has the potential to increase recruitment and retention of underrepresented groups by providing a structure for gathering feedback on research plans and materials from this target population. However, many CABs intentionally recruit prominent stakeholders who are connected to or comfortable with research and academia and thus may not accurately represent the perspectives of underrepresented groups who have been labeled hard-to-reach, including racial minorities and low-income or low-literacy populations. We developed a partnership between the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Nursing and two community centers to deliberately engage hard-to-reach people in two lay advisory groups, the Community Advisors on Research Design and Strategies (CARDS)®. Community center staff recruited the CARDS from center programs, including parenting and childcare programs, women's support groups, food pantries, and senior meal programs. The CARDS model differs from other CABs in its participants, processes, and outcomes. Since 2010, the CARDS have met monthly with nurses and other researchers, helping them understand how research processes and the language, tone, appearance, and organization of research materials can discourage people from enrolling in clinical studies. We have successfully used the CARDS model to bring hard-to-reach populations into the research process and have sustained their participation. The model represents a promising strategy for increasing the diversity of participants in clinical research. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Campus Card Tricks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fickes, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Examines the development of an innovative student identification card system that includes off-campus banking and credit card functions. Finding solutions to bank objections, credit card company rule problems, and software difficulties are discussed. (GR)

  4. Investigation of High-Level Synthesis tools’ applicability to data acquisition systems design based on the CMS ECAL Data Concentrator Card example

    CERN Document Server

    HUSEJKO, Michal; RASTEIRO DA SILVA, Jose Carlos

    2015-01-01

    High-Level Synthesis (HLS) for Field-Programmable Logic Array (FPGA) programming is becoming a practical alternative to well-established VHDL and Verilog languages. This paper describes a case study in the use of HLS tools to design FPGA-based data acquisition systems (DAQ). We will present the implementation of the CERN CMS detector ECAL Data Concentrator Card (DCC) functionality in HLS and lessons learned from using HLS design flow.The DCC functionality and a definition of the initial system-level performance requirements (latency, bandwidth, and throughput) will be presented. We will describe how its packet processing control centric algorithm was implemented with VHDL and Verilog languages. We will then show how the HLS flow could speed up design-space exploration by providing loose coupling between functions interface design and functions algorithm implementation.We conclude with results of real-life hardware tests performed with the HLS flow-generated design with a DCC Tester system.

  5. Investigation of High-Level Synthesis tools’ applicability to data acquisition systems design based on the CMS ECAL Data Concentrator Card example

    Science.gov (United States)

    HUSEJKO, Michal; EVANS, John; RASTEIRO DA SILVA, Jose Carlos

    2015-12-01

    High-Level Synthesis (HLS) for Field-Programmable Logic Array (FPGA) programming is becoming a practical alternative to well-established VHDL and Verilog languages. This paper describes a case study in the use of HLS tools to design FPGA-based data acquisition systems (DAQ). We will present the implementation of the CERN CMS detector ECAL Data Concentrator Card (DCC) functionality in HLS and lessons learned from using HLS design flow. The DCC functionality and a definition of the initial system-level performance requirements (latency, bandwidth, and throughput) will be presented. We will describe how its packet processing control centric algorithm was implemented with VHDL and Verilog languages. We will then show how the HLS flow could speed up design-space exploration by providing loose coupling between functions interface design and functions algorithm implementation. We conclude with results of real-life hardware tests performed with the HLS flow-generated design with a DCC Tester system.

  6. Design of PCI Express Interface Card Based on Nios Ⅱ%基于NiosⅡ的PCI Express接口卡的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭晴晴; 孟令军; 尹维汉; 李鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a design of PCI Express interface card based on Nios H is presented. The composition theory of Nios Q soft - core processor and the process of LVDS signal processing and application PCIE bus communication arc introduced. Each functional module and the specific of the design principium are given a detailed discussion. Functional realization of the system was tested one by one. The test results show that the stable interface card can complete the data transfer effectively.%根据NiosⅡ软核处理器的组成原理,提出了一种基于 NiosⅡ的PCI- Express(简称PCIE)接口卡的设计方法,研究了系统对LVDS信号的处理和应用PCIE总线接口通信的过程;详细讨论了系统各功能模块的实现原理,并对各模块进行了实际的分析和测试,测试结果表明该接口卡性能稳定,可以有效地完成数据传输.

  7. FRENCH PROTOCOL CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 74683-79494

    2000-01-01

    Senior officials, holders of FRENCH PROTOCOL cards (blue cards) due to expire on 31.12.2000, are requested to return these cards and those of family members, for extension to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-015 Should the three spaces for authentication on the back of the card be full, please enclose two passport photographs for a new card. In the case of children aged 14 and over, an attestation of dependency and a school certificate should be returned with the card.

  8. FRENCH PROTOCOL CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2000-01-01

    Senior officials, holders of FRENCH PROTOCOL cards (blue cards) due to expire on 31.12.2000, are requested to return these cards and those of family members, for extension to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-015 Should the three spaces for authentication on the back of the card be full, please enclose two passport photographs for a new card. In the case of children aged 14 and over, an attestation of dependency and a school certificate should be returned with the card.

  9. FRENCH PROTOCOL CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division du Personnel

    1999-01-01

    Senior officials, holders of FRENCH PROTOCOL cards (blue cards) due to expire on 31.12.1999, are requested to return these cards and those of family members, for extension to:Bureau des cartes, bâtiment 33.1-025Should the 3 spaces for authentication on the back of the card be full, please enclose 2 passport photographs for a new card.In the case of children aged 14 and over, an attestation of dependency and a school certificate should be returned with the card.Personnel DivisionTel. 79494/74683

  10. 基于网络的高精度数据采集卡设计%Design of High-precision Data Acquisition Card Based on LAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕实诚; 宋晓波; 王晶

    2012-01-01

    为了实现数据采集卡高精度和网络传输的要求,提出了一种基于网络的高精度数据采集卡的设计方法.硬件方面,采用ARM为主控CPU,扩展了网络接口芯片,实现了数据采集卡的网络接口功能;采用16位高精度AD转换器AD976,实现了高精确度数据采集的要求;采用FPGA内部逻辑控制AD转换器的时序和模拟开关的切换,并辅以扩展FIFO缓存采样数据的方法实现了8路模拟量的扫描测量,保证了模块的采样率;数字量测量采用光电隔离技术,保证了模块工作的可靠性;软件方面,设计了嵌入式Linux数据采集电路驱动程序和网络通信程序.实现了上位机通过网络接口对模拟量和数字量的采集功能.实际测试表明,数据采集卡采集精确度优于0.05%.%In order to achieve the requirements of high-precision and network transmission in data acquisition card,we propose a design of high-precision data acquisition card based on LAN.In terms of hardware,it uses ARM as the host CPU and expands the LAN interface chip.It achieved the features of LAN interface of data acquisition card and high-precision of data acquisition card by high-precision 16-bit AD converter AD976; by using FP-GA internal logic to control ADC for sampling and the channels for switching,supplemented by extended FIFO buffer,it achieved the 8-channels scanning measurement of analog signals and ensured the sampling rate of the module; the measurement of digital signals adopts the photoelectric isolation and ensured the reliability of the module.In terms of software,the embedded Linux driver of data acquisition circuit and the network communications application are designed.It achieved the function that a host computer collections analog signals and digital signals through theLAN interface.According to testing,the design of module is reasonable and meets all of the requirements.Acquisition accuracy of the data acquisition card is 0.05%.

  11. 基于PLC的梳理机自调匀整系统的设计%Design of Auto- leveller System for Carding Equipment Based on PLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周自强; 潘毅; 张伟强

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a general technique scheme that used for carding machine of non - woven product line. An improved weighing mechanism is designed for acquiring the real time data of cotton sheet. The auto - leveller system based on the FX - PLC and GT100 touch screen as hardware. A fuzzy control algorithm is used to control the speed of roller by frequency - changing technology. Thus automatic controlling for longitudinal u-niformity of cotton sheet from carding machine is implemented.%设计了一种用于非织布生产线上梳理机自调匀整系统,采用了一种改进的棉网称重机构,利用三菱PLC和GT100触摸屏作为硬件平台,应用模糊控制方法对输棉帘的速度进行变频调速控制,从而实现了梳理机输出棉网纵向均匀度的自动控制.

  12. 22 CFR 50.9 - Card of identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Card of identity. 50.9 Section 50.9 Foreign... of United States Nationality of a Person Abroad § 50.9 Card of identity. When authorized by the Department, consular offices or designated nationality examiners may issue a card of identity for travel...

  13. CMS Wallet Card

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The CMS Wallet Card is a quick reference statistical summary on annual CMS program and financial data. The CMS Wallet Card is available for each year from 2004...

  14. Introduction of Smart Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Smart Card PrimerA smart card is a device that includes an embedded integrated circuit chip (ICC) that can be either a secure microcontroller or equivalent intelligence with internal memory or a memory chip alone.

  15. CERNET Interface Card

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    Homegrown networking technology pre-dating the internet. This is a CERNnet card developed and built at CERN. There was a lot of space on the card between the components, so the engineers decided to put their portraits on it.

  16. Print a Bed Bug Card - (Single Cards)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Two sets of business-card-sized lists of tips for recognizing bed bugs and the signs of an infestation, including a photo of bed bugs to assist identification. One card is for general use around home or office, the other for travelers.

  17. Calibration of TOB+ Thermometer's Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Banitt, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Motivation - Under the new upgrade of the CMS detector the working temperature of the trackers had been reduced to -27 Celsius degrees. Though the thermal sensors themselves (Murata and Fenwal thermistors) are effective at these temperatures, the max1542 PLC (programmable logic controller) cards, interpreting the resistance of the thermal sensors into DC counts usable by the DCS (detector control system), are not designed for these temperatures in which the counts exceed their saturation and therefor had to be replaced. In my project I was in charge of handling the emplacement and calibration of the new PLC cards to the TOB (tracker outer barrel) control system.

  18. 基于GPRS接口的双模式RFID门禁读卡器设计%DuaI Mode RFID Entrance Guard Card Design Based on GPRS Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季秀霞; 陈晗阳

    2014-01-01

    In order to reaIize remote monitoring and inteI igent management for specify Iocation.The duaI mode RFID access card reader design based on GPRS interface is introduced.Which reads RF signaI from the externaI antenna and outputs to MCU after processing,MCU obtains the tag identification information and outputs to the computer what connected with internet through GPRS interface.The main controI moduIe is AT89S52,generates and sends radio frequency signaI,reads and writes and processes tag card information based on RC531 chip,eIectronic tag data outputs through GPRS interface based on SIM900 chip,and supports two modes of TypeA and TypeB.The resuIts of appIication show that,the entrance guard card design has a certain practicaIity and popuIarization vaIue.%为了实现某特定场所的远程监控和智能化管理,设计了一种GPRS接口的双模式RFID门禁读卡器。通过读取来自外接天线接收的无源标签卡射频信号,经过处理后输出给单片机,单片机处理信息后得出标签卡的身份信息,通过GPRS接口输出给连接在Internet上的计算机。系统以AT89S52单片机作为主控单元,射频信号的产生、发送和电子标签卡信息的读写与处理以芯片RC531为主,电子标签数据的GPRS接口输出以芯片SIM900为主,并支持TypeA和TypeB两种模式。应用结果表明,该门禁读卡器设计具有一定的实用性和推广价值。

  19. Computer Data Punch Cards

    CERN Multimedia

    Those card are printed with minimal layout aids for the formatting of FORTRAN programs, plus extra guidelines every ten columns suggesting a generic tabular data layout. A punch card is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital information represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions. Punched cards were used for specialized unit record machines, organized into semiautomatic data processing systems, used punched cards for data input, output, and storage. Furthermore many new digital computers started to used punched cards.

  20. Improving the Security of CardSpace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alrodhan WaleedA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available CardSpace (formerly known as InfoCard is a digital identity management system that has recently been adopted by Microsoft. In this paper we identify two security shortcomings in CardSpace that could lead to a serious privacy violation. The first is its reliance on user judgements of the trustworthiness of service providers, and the second is its reliance on a single layer of authentication. We also propose a modification designed to address both flaws. The proposed approach is compatible with the currently deployed CardSpace identity metasystem and should enhance the privacy of the system whilst involving only minor changes to the current CardSpace framework. We also provide a security and performance analysis of the proposal.

  1. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR/SOC

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015), in order to fill in a 'fiche individuelle' form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format. The French card in their possession. An A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done...

  2. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Cards.Service@cern.ch

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently replacing all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits («attestations de fonctions») held by members of the personnel and their families. These cards are replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may no longer be used after 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015) between 8h30 and 12h30, in order to fill in a «fiche individuelle» form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, the French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested...

  3. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel are asked to go to the cards office (33/1-015), taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, The French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested to take these items to the c...

  4. THE ROMANIAN CARD MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    POPESCU LUIGI

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the Romanian card market in the last decade, based on the statistic data, against other Eastern European Countries and its perspectives in the next years. The use of cards is important for banks, due to the significant interests and tax gained this way, but Romanian market is still underdeveloped because of the population behavior in the payment area and due to the lack of the card acceptance infrastructure at the merchants for a long period of time. In Romania, there are still many cards with a cash-withdrawals function, but the Romanian card industry has a great potential, because it was underdeveloped. The crisis was an opportunity on the market cards because the credit products have dropped significantly and banks had to develop other banking products, realized the importance of the cards and began to invest in infrastructure.

  5. Design and Implementation of 2.4GHz Wireless Mesh Network Card Based on FSK Modulation%基于FSK调制方式的2.4GHz无线Mesh网卡的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗耀荣; 黄建青; 林凡

    2015-01-01

    针对目前广受关注的无线Mesh网络及其应用特点,从硬件角度提出了一种基于FSK调制方式的2.4GHz无线Mesh网卡的实现,并主要针对无线Mesh网卡的设计与实现方法进行详细阐述。最后,通过测试几项射频关键指标数据,对Mesh网卡的性能指标问题进行验证。%According to popular wireless mesh network and its application features, a 2.4GHz wireless mesh network card based on FSK modulation was implemented on hardware platform. The design and implementation method of the card were elaborated. Finally, several key RF indicator data were tested to verify the performance of the mesh network card.

  6. Research and Design of GPS Route Recorder on SD Card%基于SD卡的GPS轨迹记录仪研究设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐文达

    2011-01-01

    Have the STC12LE5A60S2 MCU as the core, the recorder can achieve the record of parameters, such as the running track, by the connecting of GPS module card, SD card, LCD and voice module. And the recorder' s composition, function and the design idea of its hardware and software are elaborated and explained. This recorder can record real-time running track of vehicles or ships. According to the setting of position and velocity, this recorder can also provides real-time detection and automated voice prompts. The setting of position, velocity and voice information can be modified conveniently, and which can be exchange with PC through the USB communication. In addition to that, the recorded information can be used for the reproduction and analysis of the vehicles and ship's process of moving. This recorder has large storage capacity, without loss of data even if power off, and easy to use.%以STC12LE5A60S2单片机为核心,通过连接GPS接收模块、SD( Secure Digital Memory Card)卡、显示及语音等模块实现对行车轨迹等参数的记录.对该记录仪的组成部件、功能及其软件和硬件的设计思想进行了阐述和说明.该记录仪可在行驶的过程中实时记录下车辆、船舶的行驶轨迹.根据设置的位置和速度信息,可实时检测并自动语音提示,设置位置、速度信息及语音信息方便修改,并能通过USB通信总线与PC机进行数据交换,记录的信患可用于车辆、船舶行驶过程的重现和分析.具有存储容量大,断电不丢失数据,使用方便等优点.

  7. Jeu de cartes or Jeu Descartes: Business Cards in a French Course for the Professions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gegerias, Mary

    This paper discusses the use of French business cards in a college-level French language and culture course for professionals. Among other assignments, students were each given a different card and asked to speak about the design of their card, the business represented, idiomatic expressions and historical allusions on the card, and the use of…

  8. Multimedia Design Principles in the Psychomotor Domain: The Effect of Multimedia and Spatial Contiguity on Students' Learning of Basic Life Support with Task Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iserbyt, Peter; Mols, Liesbet; Elen, Jan; Behets, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    This study adds to the literature by introducing multimedia research in the psychomotor area. In this study, 87 freshman students in pedagogy used task cards to learn Basic Life Support (BLS), a psychomotor skill consisting of nine lifesaving actions to be performed in a specific order. Task cards are printed materials and are often implemented…

  9. CERN access cards

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2007-01-01

    Holders of CERN access cards are reminded that the card is an official document. It is important to carry it with you at all times when you are on the site. This applies also to those on standby duty who are called out for emergency interventions. As announced in Weekly Bulletin 13/2006, any loss or theft of access cards must be declared to the competent external authorities.

  10. An Investigation of VME-based DAQ System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANGXiao-qing; CAOXiao-ping

    2003-01-01

    The aim of a nuclear physics experiment is to gather data about nuclear interactions. The data acquisition system formats and stores this information in a way which can be retrieved for later analysis.

  11. Shuffling with ordered cards

    CERN Document Server

    Butler, Steve

    2010-01-01

    We consider a problem of shuffling a deck of cards with ordered labels. Namely we split the deck of N=k^tq cards (where t>=1 is maximal) into k equally sized stacks and then take the top card off of each stack and sort them by the order of their labels and add them to the shuffled stack. We show how to find stacks of cards invariant and periodic under the shuffling. We also show when gcd(q,k)=1 the possible periods of this shuffling are all divisors of order_k(N-q).

  12. Print a Bed Bug Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Two sets of business card-sized lists of tips for prevention of bed bug infestations, one for general use around home, the other for travelers. Print a single card or a page of cards for distribution.

  13. Punch card programmable microfluidics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korir, George; Prakash, Manu

    2015-01-01

    Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series of holes in punched paper tapes, we demonstrate independent control of 15 on-chip pumps with enhanced mixing, normally-closed valves and a novel on-demand impact-based droplet generator. We demonstrate robustness of operation by encoding a string of characters representing the word "PUNCHCARD MICROFLUIDICS" using the droplet generator. Multiplexing is demonstrated by implementing an example colorimetric water quality assays for pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate content in different water samples. With its portable and robust design, low cost and ease-of-use, we envision punch card programmable microfluidics will bring complex control of microfluidic chips into field-based applications in low-resource settings and in the hands of children around the world.

  14. Punch card programmable microfluidics.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Korir

    Full Text Available Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series of holes in punched paper tapes, we demonstrate independent control of 15 on-chip pumps with enhanced mixing, normally-closed valves and a novel on-demand impact-based droplet generator. We demonstrate robustness of operation by encoding a string of characters representing the word "PUNCHCARD MICROFLUIDICS" using the droplet generator. Multiplexing is demonstrated by implementing an example colorimetric water quality assays for pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate content in different water samples. With its portable and robust design, low cost and ease-of-use, we envision punch card programmable microfluidics will bring complex control of microfluidic chips into field-based applications in low-resource settings and in the hands of children around the world.

  15. 基于MF-RC500射频卡读写系统设计%Design of RF Card Read-write System Based on MF-RC500

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭国法; 淡丹; 张开生

    2015-01-01

    针对射频卡的读写系统,采用STC89S52为主控芯片,研究了MF-RC500的射频卡读写系统设计方法,通过RS232为数据传输接口连接上位机以及键盘来构建一种适用于各个应用场合的非接触式IC卡读写系统,程序中利用单片机的低功耗模式达到系统节能降耗的目的。实验表明,基于MF-RC500射频卡读写系统设计运行稳定,切实可行。%TO radio frequency (RF) card read-write system,the main control chip of STC89S52 is adopted and the design method of RF card read-write system based on MF-RC500 is researched. Through RS232 interface for data transmission to connect PC and keyboard ,a kind of non-contact IC card read-write system adapting to the various applications is built ,using low power mode of microcontroller to achieve the purpose of system energy saving. Experiments show that the RF card reader based on MF-RC500 system running well, is feasible.

  16. 基于PCI的ARINC429总线接口卡设计%Design of ARINC429 Bus Interface Card Based on PCI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈骞; 刘文波; 李开宇

    2012-01-01

    为了实现计算机与使用ARINC429总线的航空机载设备进行数据通信,设计了基于PCI总线的ARINC429总线接口卡.上位机应用软件使用LabVIEW编写,下位机程序使用硬件描述语言Verilog编写.PCI接口芯片采用CH365,用FPGA内部嵌入的RAM实现双口RAM功能.经过实际测试,设计的板卡达到预期设计要求.系统操作界面友好、结构简单、工作稳定可靠,具有很好的应用前景.%In order to achieve data communications between computer and airborne equipment using ARINC429 bus, an ARINC429 bus interface card based on PCI is designed. Application software of host is written in Lab-WIEW and programs of slave are written in Yerilog that is a hardware description language. Dual-port RAM is realized by embedded RAM of the FPGA and using CH365 as the PCI interface chip. Expectations are implemented after actual tests. This system has a great application value for its user, which has friendly interface, simple structure and stability.

  17. EuCARD final project report

    CERN Document Server

    Koutchouk, J P

    2014-01-01

    After four years of activity, EuCARD has most of its objectives fulfilled, with some new objectives added and a few others on excellent tracks while requiring additional time. The management has been active in reinforcing the collaborative links between partners and projects, contributing to the preparation of FP7-EuCARD2, initiating FP7-HiLumi-LHC Design Study, to favour sustained collaborations beyond EuCARD. An out-of-contract network has been successfully launched on laser plasma acceleration, to combine forces between accelerator, laser and plasma communities. Communication and dissemination activities have led to two highlights: Accelerating News, an accelerator R&D newsletter initiated by EuCARD and now common to all FP7 accelerator projects (over 1000 subscribers) and a series of monographs on accelerator sciences that is progressively finding its public. The scientific networks have more than fulfilled their initial objectives: roadmaps are defined for neutrino facilities, submitted to the Europe...

  18. Student Perceptions in the Design of a Computer Card Game for Learning Computer Literacy Issues: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordaki, Maria; Papastergiou, Marina; Psomos, Panagiotis

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work was twofold. First, an empirical study was designed aimed at investigating the perceptions that entry-level non-computing majors--namely Physical Education and Sport Science (PESS) undergraduate students--hold about basic Computer Literacy (CL) issues. The participants were 90 first-year PESS students, and their perceptions…

  19. 基于AS5643协议的Mil-1394仿真卡设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Mil-1394 Simulation Card Based on AS5643 Protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少锋; 田泽; 杨峰; 赵彬; 王宣明

    2013-01-01

    s:The simulation card is an important part of modern ground simulation system,Mil-1394 simulation card plays an crucial role in the airborne military 1394 bus network ground simulation system. Combined with the SAE AS5643 protocol that has been widely used in military and aerospace field,systematically introduce a Mil-1394 bus simulation card solution,describe the hardware and logic structure of Mil-1394 simulation card,and also the software design in detail,and has made abundant experiments as well as data analysis. The re-sult indicates that this card achieved a high speed and performance,can meet the application requirements of this simulation system.%仿真卡是现代地面仿真系统的重要组成部分,Mil-1394仿真卡则在机载军用1394总线网络地面仿真系统中发挥着非常重要的作用。结合军用航空领域广泛应用的SAEAS5643协议,文中系统性地介绍了一种Mil-1394总线仿真卡的解决方案,叙述了其硬件和逻辑构架,详细阐述了仿真卡的软件设计,并进行了大量的仿真实验和数据分析。实验结果充分表明该仿真卡达到了较高的传输速率,功能完备,性能良好,全面满足地面仿真系统的应用需求。

  20. REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs has informed the Organization that it is shortly to replace all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits ('attestations de fonctions') now held by members of the personnel and their families. Between 2 July and 31 December 2001, these cards are to be replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. A 'personnel office' stamped photocopy of the old cards may continue to be used until 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015), between 8:30 and 12:30, in order to fill a 'fiche individuelle' form (in black ink only), which has to be personally signed by themselves and another separately signed by members of their family, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format (signed on the back) The French card in their possession an A4 photocopy of the same Fre...

  1. 刷卡式空调预付费控制系统的设计%The Design of Card-swiping Type Air Conditioning Prepayment Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿艳香; 庞丽雯; 刘孟研; 袁劲博; 许其艳; 丁银

    2014-01-01

    为了使人们的生活更加舒适便捷,设计了一种以MSP430单片机为核心配合射频识别技术的空调预付费控制系统。系统以超低功耗的MSP430单片机为核心,从而简化了外围硬件电路的设计,包含射频读写模块、LED显示模块、键盘模块等多个组成部分。采用IAR5.0软件完成软件的编程与硬件的调试,进而实现了刷卡计费,键盘键值、余额显示等功能。%In order to make people’s life more comfortable and convenient, a air-conditioning prepayment control system with MSP430 SCM(single chip microcomputer) as the core and coordinated by RFID(radio frequency identification technology) is designed. This system takes MSP430 SCM as the core with ultra low power consumption to simplify the peripheral hardware circuit design, including RF R/W module,LED display module, keyboard module and other components. The software’s programming and hardware’s debugging are fulfilled by using IAR 5 software to realize the credit card billing,the value keying with keyboard, balance display and other functions.

  2. Design and Application of IETM on the Portable Job Card System%IETM技术在便携式工卡系统中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向芬芬; 叶明; 丁娇

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of aircraft manufacturingf an interactive electronic Job Card system on Windows 7 OS hardware plat-form is researched and designed, Based on IETM technology, the system is dedicated to be utilized as assembly guidelines for a certain type of mechanical and electrical equipment. The study is composed of three parts: background knowledge of system design, framework, the software and hardware development. In addition, XML and SQL Database technology are both applied in order to meet GJB6600 standard. The impli-cations of this system put the latest research achievements into use, which can not only redue the staff's labor intensity,but also greatly im-prove the efficiency ofdigitization manufacturing in the field of aviation.%从飞机制造的角度出发,以IETM技术为基础,以带Windows 7操作系统的便携式终端为硬件平台,研究开发应用于某机机载机电设备装配指导的交互式电子工卡系统.文中主要介绍了系统设计的背景知识、开发架构和软硬件实现方法,结合XML和SQL数据库技术创作符合GJB6600标准的应用系统.该系统的成功研制和投入使用可将电子信息技术的最新研究成果用于生产实践,既可有效地减轻生产一线工作人员的劳动强度,又能极大地提高飞机数字化制造效率.

  3. Signal processing for smart cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quisquater, Jean-Jacques; Samyde, David

    2003-06-01

    In 1998, Paul Kocher showed that when a smart card computes cryptographic algorithms, for signatures or encryption, its consumption or its radiations leak information. The keys or the secrets hidden in the card can then be recovered using a differential measurement based on the intercorrelation function. A lot of silicon manufacturers use desynchronization countermeasures to defeat power analysis. In this article we detail a new resynchronization technic. This method can be used to facilitate the use of a neural network to do the code recognition. It becomes possible to reverse engineer a software code automatically. Using data and clock separation methods, we show how to optimize the synchronization using signal processing. Then we compare these methods with watermarking methods for 1D and 2D signal. The very last watermarking detection improvements can be applied to signal processing for smart cards with very few modifications. Bayesian processing is one of the best ways to do Differential Power Analysis, and it is possible to extract a PIN code from a smart card in very few samples. So this article shows the need to continue to set up effective countermeasures for cryptographic processors. Although the idea to use advanced signal processing operators has been commonly known for a long time, no publication explains that results can be obtained. The main idea of differential measurement is to use the cross-correlation of two random variables and to repeat consumption measurements on the processor to be analyzed. We use two processors clocked at the same external frequency and computing the same data. The applications of our design are numerous. Two measurements provide the inputs of a central operator. With the most accurate operator we can improve the signal noise ratio, re-synchronize the acquisition clock with the internal one, or remove jitter. The analysis based on consumption or electromagnetic measurements can be improved using our structure. At first sight

  4. Genetics Blood Card Use

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — SOP guiding collection of blood for genetics analysis. Provides stepwise instructions and guidance on how to collect DNA sample using a whole blood blot card

  5. 基于PCI-1750 I/O卡的测试枪自动检测系统设计%Design of contact cassette test system based on data acquisition card PCI-1750

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵智峰

    2013-01-01

    In order to increase the production capacity, Realize the function of auto test contact cassette off line, we designed the auto test system based on data acquisition PCI-1750 card. Using language of VB.net , we can control the cylinder movement and test the sensor state lively through the function library in control card.%  为了方便线下维修测试枪,提高设备的利用率,设计了基于PCI数据采集控制卡的系统控制方案.通过VB.net 调用数据采集控制卡中的函数库,手动或自动控制气缸运动,测试传感器状态,从而实现测试枪的手动和自动检测。

  6. Jefferson Lab's Trim Card II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trent Allison; Sarin Philip; C. Higgins; Edward Martin; William Merz

    2005-05-01

    Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) uses Trim Card I power supplies to drive approximately 1900 correction magnets. These trim cards have had a long and illustrious service record. However, some of the employed technology is now obsolete, making it difficult to maintain the system and retain adequate spares. The Trim Card II is being developed to act as a transparent replacement for its aging predecessor. A modular approach has been taken in its development to facilitate the substitution of sections for future improvements and maintenance. The resulting design has been divided into a motherboard and 7 daughter cards which has also allowed for parallel development. The Trim Card II utilizes modern technologies such as a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and a microprocessor to embed trim card controls and diagnostics. These reprogrammable devices also provide the versatility to incorporate future requirements.

  7. 基于FAT32文件系统和SD卡的陶瓷窑炉测温仪设计%Design of thermoscope of ceramic kiln based on FAT32 file system and SD card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石长华; 谢恩

    2014-01-01

    本文设计了一种新型陶瓷窑炉温度数据采集的SD卡存储方案。该方案选用与8051单片机完全兼容的高性能单片机STC12LE5A60S2作为主控制器,采用FAT32文件系统将窑炉温度数据存储在SD卡中。同时,本文介绍了SD卡与STC12LE5A60S2芯片SPI总线通信接口原理,讨论了相关的设置、硬件连接和软件设计,实现了对SD卡的读写,解决了梭式陶瓷窑炉测温仪只能显示实时温度不能存储历史温度数据的问题。%A new kind of SD Card storage scheme is designed to collect the temperature data of a ceramic kiln. We choose as the main control STC12LE5A60S2, a high-performance single-chip microcomputer that is completely compatible to 8051 single-chip microcomputer. The temperature data of a ceramic kiln can be stored in SD Card by means of FAT32 File System. We introduce the principles of SPI trunk communication interface of SD Card and STC12LE5A60S2 chip, and we discuss the relevant set, hardware connection and software design, through which we are able to read and write on SD Card and simultaneously we solve the problem that the thermoscope of a shut-tle-shaped ceramic kiln can show the actual temperature but cannot store the historic temperature data.

  8. Design and Implementation of a Bank Credit Card Management System Based On .NET Technique%基于.NET的某银行信用卡管理系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐洪峰

    2015-01-01

    随着银行信用卡业务的迅速发展,使用信用卡的人群越来越多,导致了银行对信用卡的日常管理工作和统计分析工作不断加重.系统采用B/S结构和.NET技术,在开发过程中以需求分析为基础,采取 UML 设计思想,对系统的角色和功能进行了详细划分,明确了用户可交互功能,并对每个功能模块进行了详细的设计.系统实施后,在某市级银行的应用中取得了一定的成效,并为将来改进信用卡管理系统提供了新的视野.%With the rapid development of credit card business, more and more people begin to use credit cards, which cause banks to the credit card management and statistical analysis workload increasing. The system uses B/S architecture and .NET technology and in the development process is based on the analysis of the demand, taking the idea of UML design. The role and functions of the system were clearly divided. The functions interacted with users were determined and each module of the function were well designed. The research of the credit card management system has not only achieved certain results in the practical application of the city banks, but also provided a new research perspective on credit management information system in the future.

  9. A Comparison of Card-sorting Analysis Methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nawaz, Ather

    2012-01-01

    the recurrent patterns found and thus has consequences for the resulting website design. This paper draws an attention to the choice of card sorting analysis and techniques and shows how it impacts the results. The research focuses on how the same data for card sorting can lead to different website structures...

  10. Elements--A Card Game of Chemical Names and Symbols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevcik, Richard S.; Hicks, O'Dell; Schultz, Linda D.; Alexander, Susan V.

    2008-01-01

    "Elements" is a competitive card game designed to help middle school students recognize and correlate the names and symbols of the most significant chemical elements. Each student is required to construct his or her own decks of playing cards--one with the names of the chemical elements and one with their corresponding symbols--and compete against…

  11. Elements--A Card Game of Chemical Names and Symbols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevcik, Richard S.; Hicks, O'Dell; Schultz, Linda D.; Alexander, Susan V.

    2008-01-01

    "Elements" is a competitive card game designed to help middle school students recognize and correlate the names and symbols of the most significant chemical elements. Each student is required to construct his or her own decks of playing cards--one with the names of the chemical elements and one with their corresponding symbols--and compete against…

  12. 基于SD卡的BMS海量历史数据存储系统设计%Design of BMS's high-capacity history data store system based on SD card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建建; 齐铂金; 李巧平

    2011-01-01

    Power battery is one of key parts in electrical vehicle. In order to obtain the on-site status data of power battery and provide a reference for optimizing the control parameters, this pater designed a 2G-capacity BMS on-site data storage system with SD memory card. It communicated with SD card in high speed SPI and used hierarchical driver model of SD card. The data was saved in FAT32 format, which could keep compatible with PC operating system. The experiment shows that the system has good real-time capability and high reliability.%动力电池是电动汽车的核心部件之一.为了获取动力电池随车工作时的状态数据,从而为优化控制参数提供参考,本文利用SD存储卡设计了一种2 G容量的电池管理系统(Battery Management System,BMS)随车数据存储系统.该系统采用高速SPI方式与SD卡通信,并使用精简的层次化SD卡驱动模型;数据采用与PC机操作系统相兼容的FAT32文件格式存储.实验表明,该系统实时性好,可靠性高.

  13. 串行通信接口卡驱动及测试软件设计和实现%Design and Implementation of Driver and Testing Software for Serial Communication Interface Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    竹武林; 范惠林; 庞帅

    2011-01-01

    分析了Windows操作系统访问设备驱动的过程,介绍了串行接口卡和UART控制器ST16C550的内部寄存器;在VC++集成开发环境下,编写了处理IOCTL码的函数,实现了接口卡的驱动,在此基础上将对寄存器读写在应用层做了封装,编译成动态链接库,作为驱动的应用程序接口;以模块化方法设计了测试软件,介绍了软件的结构和驱动程序的加载及调用接口函数的步骤,在线程中实现了数据的接收;驱动和测试软件成功应用到串口卡的功能测试中.%The process of accessing the device driver in the Windows operating system is analyzed, the serial communication interface card and its UART controller ST16C550 are introduced. The functions of processing IOCTL code were implemented in the VC++ integrated developing environment, which constitute the card driver. On the basis, read and write of registers were enveloped and compiled to dynamic link library as application program interface. Modularization method was applied to design the test software. Then, the software structure, card driver loading and procedure of calling interface function are presented. And the receiving of data is accomplished in the thread. The driver and test software were applied in function test of the serial interface card.

  14. CMS Tracker Readout Prototype Front-End Driver PCI Mezzanine Card (Mk1) (connector side)

    CERN Multimedia

    J.Coughlan

    1998-01-01

    The tracking system of the CMS detector at the LHC employs Front End Driver (FED) cards to digitise, buffer and sparsify analogue data arriving via optical links from on detector pipeline chips. This paper describes a prototype version of the FED based upon the popular commercial PCI bus Mezzanine Card (PMC) form factor. The FED-PMC consists of an 8 channel, 9 bit ADC, card, providing a 1 MByte data buffer and operating at the LHC design frequency of 40 MHz. The core of the card is a re-programmable FPGA which allows the functionality of the card to be conveniently modified. The card is supplied with a comprehensive library of C routines.The PMC form factor allows the card to be plugged onto a wide variety of processor carrier boards and even directly into PCI based PCs. The flexibility of the FPGA based design permits the card to be used in a variety of ADC based applications.

  15. 中药材扑克牌式趣味学习卡的设计与应用%Design and Application of Poker-like Funny Learning Card for Chinese Herbal Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小方; 欧阳辉; 傅国强; 曾鸿鹄; 敖梅英

    2012-01-01

    目的:为提高中医药教学水平提供借鉴.方法:通过品种选编、图片采集、知识整理、样品制作等,设计制作扑克牌式学习卡,将常用中药材的实物彩图与知识要点印制成扑克牌形式的趣味学习卡,作为《中药材》等课程教学用品,并在《中药材》课堂进行应用与测评.结果:学习卡共设计5辑,每辑含4副扑克牌式学习卡,分别为原植物彩图、药材彩图、中文知识要点、英文知识要点.初样在实际教学应用中效果较好,通过扑克游戏和趣味记忆让学生掌握知识.结论:中药材扑克牌式趣味学习卡设计美观大方,简便易用,知识性与趣味性强,寓教于乐,能有效地促进教学效果,是教学良好的辅助工具,在中医药教学中具有开创性和启发性.%OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for improving teaching level of Chinese Herbal Medicine. Poker-like funny learning cards printed with pictures and knowledge tips of common used can be applied as study facilities, it is designed and applied to enhance learning enthusiasm of students. METHODS: Design process included species selection, picture collection, knowledge tips compilation, learning card samples preparation and so on. The color graph and knowledge point of Chinese herbal medicine were made into poker-like funny learning card as realia of course of Chinese Herbal Medicine. The learning card was applied and tested in the class of Chinese Herbal Medicine. RESULTS: There were 5 series of learning cards, each series contained 4 pokers: the original plant color graph, medicinal materials color graph, Chinese knowledge points, English knowledge points. The applied samples achieved good effect in the teaching practice, and students can master the knowledge easily with poker games and interesting memory methods. CONCLUSIONS: The design of poker-like funny learning card for Chinese Herbal Medicine is artistic, graceful, concise and convenient. The cards are full of

  16. NCDC Punched Card Reference Manuals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Documentation for using and reading punched cards kept at the National Weather Records Center (NWRC, previous name for NCDC and NCEI). Many of these punched card...

  17. Disruption - Access cards service

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    We would like to inform you that between 10 November and 15 December 2014, the access cards service in Building 55 will be disrupted, as the GS Department has decided to improve the facilities for users of this building. During the work, you will find the registration, biometric registration and dosimeter exchange services on the second floor of Building 55 and the vehicle sticker service on the ground floor along with the access cards service. We thank you for your understanding and apologise for any inconvenience caused.

  18. A lumbar disc surgery predictive score card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finneson, B E

    1978-06-01

    A lumbar disc surgery predictive score card or questionnaire has been developed to assess potential candidates for excision of a herniated lumbar disc who have not previously undergone lumbar spine surgery. It is not designed to encompass patients who are being considered for other types of lumbar spine surgery, such as decompressive laminectomy or fusion. In an effort to make the "score card" usable by almost all physicians who are involved in lumbar disc surgery, only studies which have broad acceptance and are generally employed are included. Studies which have less widespread use such as electromyogram, discogram, venogram, special psychologic studies (MMPI, pain drawings) have been purposely excluded.

  19. The Design and Application of the Transfusion Warning Card in the Intra-venous Administration Center%静脉用药调配中心输液警示卡的设计与应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付梦丽

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨静脉用药调配中心输液警示卡的设计与应用。方法该院静脉用药调配中心根据静脉用药需求制订了警示卡,在审方过程中,药师将医院采购新药物的使用方法和注意事项,以及输液使用时的注意事项及时地填写到PIVAS临床输液警示卡上。结果警示卡的使用保证了患者的输液质量,提高了患者对医护工作的满意度。结论警示卡将用药过程中的一些注意事项标出,变事后管理为预见性管理,对于临床输液的注意事项起到了积极的宣教作用,这样不仅提高了护士的药物知识,还可以提高护理的工作效率,降低不良反应的发生,从而有效提高输液过程中的安全控制,保证输液安全。%Objective To study the design and application of the venous transfusion warning card in the center of intra-venous drug use. Methods In our hospital, the intravenous drug allocation center according to the demand of intravenous medication developed a caution card, in the process of the trial, the pharmacist will purchase new drug use method and matters needing attention, and matters needing attention when used by infusion in time to fill out the PIVAS infusion warn-ing card. Results The use of the warning card to ensure the quality of the patient's transfusion, improve the patient's satis-faction with health care work. Conclusion Warning card will be course of medication in some note mark, after the change of management is the preview of management, for clinical transfusion note to the positive role in education. This will not only improve the nurses knowledge of drugs, but also can improve the efficiency of nursing work, reduced the occurrence of low adverse reaction, so as to effectively improve the safety in the process of transfusion control to ensure safe transfusion.

  20. Authoring of digital games via card games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2014-01-01

    propose a new scenario in which trading card games help making sense and re-design computer games, to support players express themselves aesthetically and in a highly creative way. Our aim is to look for a middle ground between players becoming programmers and simply editing levels. The main contributions...

  1. Authoring of digital games via card games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2014-01-01

    Literature and previous studies show that creative play is easy to emerge when children interact with tangible, low-tech toys and games than with digital games. This paradoxical situation is linked to the long-standing problem of end-users (or players) authoring of digital contents and systems. We...... propose a new scenario in which trading card games help making sense and re-design computer games, to support players express themselves aesthetically and in a highly creative way. Our aim is to look for a middle ground between players becoming programmers and simply editing levels. The main contributions...... are to show how card games can represent digital games, how playful play can emerge in card games and digital games, and to begin defining a new way to express game behavior without the use of universal programming languages....

  2. Binarizing Business Card Images for Mobile Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Das, Nibaran; Sarkar, Ram; Nasipuri, Mita; Kundu, Mahantapas

    2010-01-01

    Business card images are of multiple natures as these often contain graphics, pictures and texts of various fonts and sizes both in background and foreground. So, the conventional binarization techniques designed for document images can not be directly applied on mobile devices. In this paper, we have presented a fast binarization technique for camera captured business card images. A card image is split into small blocks. Some of these blocks are classified as part of the background based on intensity variance. Then the non-text regions are eliminated and the text ones are skew corrected and binarized using a simple yet adaptive technique. Experiment shows that the technique is fast, efficient and applicable for the mobile devices.

  3. Design and Application of Smart Card System for Out-Patient%门诊“一卡通”系统的设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高云飞

    2012-01-01

    门诊“一卡通”系统就是以记录患者唯一ID号标识的医疗卡为主线,贯穿患者来院就诊从建卡、充值、挂号、就诊、交费、结算到检验、检查结果打印、药房取药等门诊全部流程,实现“先交费、后结算”的就诊模式,优化了就医流程,缩短了患者就诊时间,提高了患者的满意度.%The smart card system for Out-Patient mainly contains the medical card with private ID of patients who consulting treatment in the hospital. It runs through the whole process from card building, recharging, registration, hospital visiting, payment and settlement to test and checking result printing as well as medicine taking, etc. As a result, it realizes the visiting model of "payment first, settlement later", and optimizes the visiting process, which reduces the visiting time and greatly improves the patients' satisfaction.

  4. Store Security. Credit Card Fraud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brockway, Jerry

    The manual, intended for use by adults and not in the high school classroom situation, presents material directed toward assisting in the reduction of credit card crime. This teaching guide is organized in three sections which deal with the nature of and major reasons for credit card fraud, the types of hot card runners, and methods of reducing…

  5. Smart Icon Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Icons are frequently used in the music classroom to depict concepts in a developmentally appropriate way for students. SmartBoards provide music educators yet another way to share these manipulatives with students. This article provides a step-by-step tutorial to create Smart Icon Cards using the folk song "Lucy Locket."

  6. The Eggen Card Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvis, G.

    2014-06-01

    (Abstract only) Olin Eggen, noted astronomer (1919-1998), left to us all his raw observation records recorded on 3x5 cards. This project is to make all this data available as an online resource. History and progress of the project will be presented. Project details available at: https://sites.google.com/site/eggencards/home.

  7. Evolution of optically nondestructive and data-non-intrusive credit card verifiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumriddetchkajorn, Sarun; Intaravanne, Yuttana

    2010-04-01

    Since the deployment of the credit card, the number of credit card fraud cases has grown rapidly with a huge amount of loss in millions of US dollars. Instead of asking more information from the credit card's holder or taking risk through payment approval, a nondestructive and data-non-intrusive credit card verifier is highly desirable before transaction begins. In this paper, we review optical techniques that have been proposed and invented in order to make the genuine credit card more distinguishable than the counterfeit credit card. Several optical approaches for the implementation of credit card verifiers are also included. In particular, we highlight our invention on a hyperspectral-imaging based portable credit card verifier structure that offers a very low false error rate of 0.79%. Other key features include low cost, simplicity in design and implementation, no moving part, no need of an additional decoding key, and adaptive learning.

  8. Implementing a High-Assurance Smart-Card OS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karger, Paul A.; Toll, David C.; Palmer, Elaine R.; McIntosh, Suzanne K.; Weber, Samuel; Edwards, Jonathan W.

    Building a high-assurance, secure operating system for memory constrained systems, such as smart cards, introduces many challenges. The increasing power of smart cards has made their use feasible in applications such as electronic passports, military and public sector identification cards, and cell-phone based financial and entertainment applications. Such applications require a secure environment, which can only be provided with sufficient hardware and a secure operating system. We argue that smart cards pose additional security challenges when compared to traditional computer platforms. We discuss our design for a secure smart card operating system, named Caernarvon, and show that it addresses these challenges, which include secure application download, protection of cryptographic functions from malicious applications, resolution of covert channels, and assurance of both security and data integrity in the face of arbitrary power losses.

  9. REMINDER REPLACEMENT OF FRENCH CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Cards.Service@cern.ch

    2001-01-01

    The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is currently replacing all diplomatic cards, special cards and employment permits («attestations de fonctions») held by members of the personnel and their families. These cards are replaced by secure, computerized equivalents. The old cards may no longer be used after 31 December 2001. For the purposes of the handover, members of the personnel must go personally to the cards office (33/1-015) between 8h30 and 12h30, in order to fill in a «fiche individuelle» form, taking the following documents for themselves and members of their families already in possession of a French card : A recent identity photograph in 4.5 cm x 3.5 cm format, the French card in their possession, an A4 photocopy of the same French card, certified by the cards office as being a true copy. Those members of the personnel whose cards (and/or cards belonging to members of their families) are shortly due to expire, or have recently done so, are also requested...

  10. Wire Scanner Motion Control Card

    CERN Document Server

    Forde, S E

    2006-01-01

    Scientists require a certain beam quality produced by the accelerator rings at CERN. The discovery potential of LHC is given by the reachable luminosity at its interaction points. The luminosity is maximized by minimizing the beam size. Therefore an accurate beam size measurement is required for optimizing the luminosity. The wire scanner performs very accurate profile measurements, but as it can not be used at full intensity in the LHC ring, it is used for calibrating other profile monitors. As the current wire scanner system, which is used in the present CERN accelerators, has not been made for the required specification of the LHC, a new design of a wire scanner motion control card is part of the LHC wire scanner project. The main functions of this card are to control the wire scanner motion and to acquire the position of the wire. In case of further upgrades at a later stage, it is required to allow an easy update of the firmware, hence the programmable features of FPGAs will be used for this purpose. The...

  11. Design and Application of the Campus Mobile Phone One Card System Based on NFC Technology%基于NFC技术的校园手机一卡通系统设计及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燕; 宋璇; 熊博磊

    2015-01-01

    针对传统卡片式校园一卡通系统缺乏人机交互功能,提出基于NFC技术的校园手机一卡通系统。首先,设计由校园一卡通应用平台、校园一卡通管理平台以及运营商/银行服务平台组成的三层网络结构;其次,为防止传输数据被窃听或篡改,设计NFC安全通信的加密方案;最后,针对校园的使用环境以及NFC技术的不同工作模式,介绍校园手机一卡通的三个典型应用子系统:移动支付子系统、身份认证子系统及数字图书馆子系统。同时,分析NFC校园手机一卡通的技术特点及优势,并为建设数字化智能校园提供一种新思路。%In view of the lack of human-computer interaction function in traditional campus one card system, a campus mobile phone one card system based on NFC technology is proposed in this paper. Firstly,the network structure is designed as three layers,including the application platform,the management platform and the operator/bank service platform. Secondly,in order to prevent the data transmitted from being eavesdropped or tampered,the NFC encryption scheme is designed for secure communication. Finally,for the campus environment and the different working modes of NFC technology,here three typical application subsystems of the campus mobile phone one card system are introduced,including the subsystems of mobile payment,the identity authentication and the book reading. At the same time,this article summarizes the characteristics and advantages of the NFC mobile phone campus one card techniques. Furthermore,this paper provides a new way for the construction of digital intelligent campus.

  12. 数控机床基于PCI总线的同步位置检测卡设计%Design of a synchronous Position Measurement Card of CNC Based on PCI Bus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学鹏; 张东升; 栾宗涛

    2014-01-01

    提出一种基于PCI总线的数控机床多轴同步位置检测卡,以此解决在高速进给状态下的同步位置检测问题。以具有较高传输速率的PCI总线作为总线接口,以单片机作为板上主控制器,以双端口RAM作为共享空间,用状态机实现同步位置检测功能。设计出数据采集模块和控制电路,并且开发了获取硬件设备的应用程序。%A multi-axis synchronous position measurement card in CNC was developed to settle the problem of synchronous position measurement at high speed. an alternative was proposed to design the position meas-urement card, in which the PCI bus with high data transferring speed was adopted as the bus of the synchro-nous position measurement system, a MCU was used as the main controller, a dual-port RAM was applied to provide the necessary sharing space for collecting the position data, and status machine was adopted to re-alize the synchronous position measurement function. The data-collecting module and controller module was designed. Application program acquiring hardware device resources was also developed.

  13. Yanbu Vocational Campus Card Attendance System Research and Design%盐步职校校园一卡通考勤系统的研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦玉君

    2013-01-01

      该文以盐步职校校园一卡通考勤系统的软件开发与研究的实际课题成果作为参考,提出了校园一卡通考勤系统进行软件设计的新方案,构建了基于B/S结构模式的考勤管理系统的网络和硬件平台,设计并实现了考勤信息的收集、管理、查询、统计、输出、备份等功能。%This paper uses the research achievement of Yanbu Vocational School campus card checking attendance system soft-ware development as a reference, puts forward a new scheme of the design of School campus card checking attendance system software, builds the Network and hardware platform of attendance management system based on the model of B/S, designs and implements the attendance information collection, management, query, statistics, output, backup, etc.

  14. System Design Based on PMD-1208 LS Data Acquisition Card%PMD-1208 LS数据采集卡系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方霞; 张燕; 赵娟娟

    2013-01-01

    Introduce a set of PC data acquisition system based on PMD-1208LS data acquisition card and LabVIEW,the system adopts the PMD-1208LS data acquisition card,through the USB interface PC machine is linked together,using LabVIEW software platform to establish the temperature data acquisition system and data transmission,so as to realize the signal from acquisition to display ( waveform display and data list display) ,storage and playback. The data acquisition system uses the MCC producting data acquisition card PMD-1208LS to realize high speed data real-time transmission and processing. In the PC using virtual instrument can share hardware and soft-ware resources,fast and convenient to set up all kinds of digital signal processing system,and by means of the function of the computer to finish data processing,storage and graphical display,etc. After the test,reached the data acquisition,processing,storage and playback basi-cally,and easy to use and intuitive.%介绍了一套基于PMD-1208LS数据采集卡和基于LabVIEW的PC数据采集系统,系统采用PMD-1208LS数据采集卡,通过USB接口与PC机相连,利用软件平台LabVIEW建立温度数据采集系统并进行数据传输,以实现信号从采集到显示(波形显示和数据列表显示)、存储和回放。该数据采集系统采用美国MCC公司生产的数据采集卡PMD-1208LS实现数据的高速实时传输与处理。在PC机上运用虚拟仪器能共享硬件和软件资源,快速、方便地组建各种数字信号处理系统,并可借助计算机的功能,进行数据处理、存储以及图形化显示等。经过实验检测,基本达到了数据采集、处理、存储和回放的目的,并且使用方便、直观。

  15. Print a Bed Bug Card - (Page of Cards)

    Science.gov (United States)

    For mass distribution: two sets of business-card-sized lists of tips for recognizing bed bugs and signs of an infestation, including a photo of bed bugs to assist identification. One card is for general use around home or office, the other for travelers.

  16. SISTEM PENCATATAN KEHADIRAN BERBASIS JAVA CARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidya Octarina

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research are to prevent jockey in exams, reduce the occurrence of error in attendance record at practicum or exams, and reduce error in filling students' attendance status to the attendance system. Three main parts of software development method are used; analysis, design, and literature method. Current system survey, analysis of the survey findings, identify the information, and identifying system requirements are implemented in analysis method. The design method that is used in this research is Unified Modeling Language (UML. The using of attendance recording system that uses Java Card-based application makes students identity card has a new function as the tool to make attendance. Conclusion of the research has shown that it can prevent identity fraud, minimize the time wasted in attendance system, reduce the printing paper, and reduce tagging errors eligibility status exam of students.

  17. Scheme Design of the Real-time Detection System for Crack of Anvil Based on Sound Card%基于声卡的顶锤破裂实时检测系统方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘栋; 任天平

    2015-01-01

    实时数据采集与处理是金刚石六面顶压机顶锤破裂实时检测报警系统设计的一个关键问题。经过可行性分析,结合现场工作环境,提出一种基于工控机声卡的实时检测处理方案。传感器信号通过信号调理电路输入工控机声卡中;采用C++编写程序驱动声卡完成数据采集及A/D转换;利用MATLAB强大的信号分析能力及工具箱函数,完成信号分析及识别算法设计,并封装成COM组件;采用C++多线程技术及OLE技术完成信号的实时分析处理,进而输出报警信息。该方案有良好的实时性,同时在其他工业场合也有一定的借鉴意义。%Real⁃time data acquisition and process is a key issue for the design of the real⁃time detection system for crack of anvil of the cubic synthetic diamond press. After viability assessment, combining with the working environment, a real⁃time detection and process scheme based on the sound card of IPC was presented. Sensor signals was entered into IPC sound card through the signal condi⁃tioning circuit. The sound card driving program was realized by C++ to implement data acquisition and A/D conversion. Signal analy⁃sis and identification algorithms design were realized by the strong signal analysis ability and toolbox function of MATLAB, then they were encapsulated into COM component. The real⁃time signal analysis and process was accomplished with the multi⁃thread technology of C++and OLE technology, and then alarm information was output. The scheme not only owns good real⁃time response, but also has cer⁃tain model significance in other industrial applications.

  18. Technical Concept Command Center Library Document (CARDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-25

    have concentrated on the reuse of software code. This type of reuse has limited impact. The reuser ofter, has to struggle to insert components into a...lost to the reuser . To achieve broad spectrum reuse, CARDS advocates library-centered domain-specific reuse. A domain-specific library is built around...mathematical calculations. reuse library - A library specifically designed, built, and maintained to house reusable components. reuser - One who implements a

  19. 基于居民健康卡的健康评估系统的设计与实现%Health Evaluation System Based on Residents' Health Card: Design and Implementation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘昌霖; 应俊; 何史林; 陈广飞; 周丹

    2013-01-01

    目的:利用居民健康卡中的门诊和检查数据,为居民提供对自身健康状况的评估和对多种疾病患病风险的预测.方法:基于浏览器/服务器(B/S)架构,以Sun公司的Java server pages(JSP)和Java规范中的Struts框架为主要开发工具,设计居民健康评估系统.结果:完成了健康评估系统的整体架构和功能模块的设计,实现了对居民健康状况和疾病风险的评估.结论:通过该系统的应用,可使居民健康卡中的大量数据得到合理利用,方便居民对健康状况进行管理,预防慢性疾病的发生,从而有效提高居民健康水平,遏制医疗经费的过快增长.%Objective To evaluate residents' health status and disease risk by the use of the outpatient data and examination data in Residents' Health Card. Methods A health evaluation system was designed based on B/S (Browser/Server) architecture with the use of JSP (Java server pages) and Struts framework as the main development tools. Results The design and implementation of the health evaluation system were completed, including overall structure and function module. Conclusion The application of this system can make full use of the large number of data recorded in Residents' Health Card and make it much easier to manage residents' health condition which results in the decrease of chronic disease, the improvement of health and the slowdown of medical expenses.

  20. Electronic payments using payment cards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waaij, B.D. van der; Siljee, B.I.J.; Broekhuijsen, B.J.; Ponsioen, C.; Maas, A.; Aten, R.M.; Hoepman, J.H.; Loon, J.H. van; Smit, M.

    2009-01-01

    A method of making a payment uses a mobile communication device (1) and a payment card (2), both the mobile communication device (1) and the payment card (2) being provided with a respective near field communication unit (11, 21) and at least the mobile communication device (1) being provided with a

  1. Electronic payments using payment cards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waaij, B.D. van der; Siljee, B.I.J.; Broekhuijsen, B.J.; Ponsioen, C.; Maas, A.; Aten, R.M.; Hoepman, J.H.; Loon, J.H. van; Smit, M.

    2009-01-01

    A method of making a payment uses a mobile communication device (1) and a payment card (2), both the mobile communication device (1) and the payment card (2) being provided with a respective near field communication unit (11, 21) and at least the mobile communication device (1) being provided with a

  2. Dual Card,Double Happiness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    As Christmas Day and New Year Day draw near, why not treat yourself with a smart digital gizmo. Then, the Samsung Dual-card Cellphone is what you are longing for. Samsung B5712C, the first dual-card model released by Samsung,

  3. It's All in the Cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Jim

    2002-01-01

    Describes how the author learned by watching low-achieving students play intricate card games such as "Magic" that they can learn, can remember, and certainly can master information. Realizes that these cards were advanced learning tools, multifaceted texts using color, symbols, images, texts, and metaphor to help create a world of information.…

  4. The c-cards game

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea

    2005-01-01

    C-cards are an easy-to-reify, graphical formalism capable of expressing computational systems, discrete both in time and in space. The main goal of the project aims at scaling-down the learning complexity of Computer Science core contents. We argue that our cards present many dimensions of flexib...... of flexibility, resulting in a highly customizable learning object, that gives teachers and pedagogues freedom with respect to reification and deployment strategies. The correlation between the c-cards game and children's soft skills is also discussed.......C-cards are an easy-to-reify, graphical formalism capable of expressing computational systems, discrete both in time and in space. The main goal of the project aims at scaling-down the learning complexity of Computer Science core contents. We argue that our cards present many dimensions...

  5. 基于二代身份证储值就医卡自助办理及充值系统的设计实现%Design and Implementation of Self-service Transaction and Deposit System of Medical Card Based on Second-generation ID

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖飞; 郭雪清; 黄正东; 王光华; 张伟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To settle the waiting problem of patients at the medical card transaction and deposit counters. Methods Based on flow and work mode of rechargeable-prepaid medical card system in clinic and emergency department , the self-service transaction and deposit system of medical card based on the second-generation ID card was designed and realized. Results Waiting for edical card transaction and deposit of the patietns was avoided. Conclusion Application of the system significanlty raises the efficiency of the medical service.%目的 解决人工窗口办卡、充值时的患者排队问题.方法 基于门、急诊部实施的储值就诊卡系统流程及工作模式,设计实现基于二代身份证的储值就医卡自助办理及充值系统.结果 该系统的应用消除了人工窗口办卡、充值时的患者排队现象.结论 该系统的实施应用显著提高了医疗工作效率.

  6. Implementation of Java Card Virtual Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘嵩岩; 毛志刚; 叶以正

    2000-01-01

    Java card is a new system for programming smart cards, which is based on the Java language and Virtual Machine. Java card programs (applets)run in Java Card Runtime Environment (JCRE) including the Java Card Virtual Machine (JCVM), the framework, the associated native methods and the API (Application Programming Interface). JCVM is implemented as two separate pieces:off-card VM (Virtual Machine) and on-card VM. The stack model and heap memory structure used by on-card VM and exception handling are introduced. Because there are limited resources within smart card environment, and garbage collection is not supported in JCVM, the preferred way to exception handling does not directly involve the use of throw, although the throw keyword is supported. Security is the most important feature of smart card. The Java card applet security feature is also discussed.

  7. 基于移动物联网的校园平安卡RFID天线设计与安装%Design and Installation of Campus Security Card RFID Antenna Based on Mobile Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马良花; 刘晓亮; 韩云

    2016-01-01

    Radio Frequency Identification[1](即无线射频识别,简称RFID)技术是一种自动识别技术,通过空间耦合方式无接触地传递射频信号,并对所传递的信号进行数据采集处理,以达到自动识别的目的,具有无源性、无线性、读写快、存储大等优势。本文设计的校园平安卡的天线就是采用了先进的RFID技术,在学校门口安装RFID天线设备,用于向校门两侧发射“无线射频信号”,学生佩戴校园平安卡进出学校时,平安卡对接收到的信号进行分析后,通过移动物联网向家长手机发送“已进校”或“已离校”等的短信通知,保障家长和学生的联系,从而保证学生的安全。%Radio Frequency Identification(RFID) is an automatic identification technology through the space coupling method without exposure of the transmission of radio frequency signal. The signal data acquisition and processing helps to achieve the purpose of automatic identification, with passivity, no linear, fast read-write, mass storage, and so on. This paper designs a safe campus card antenna using advanced RFID technology, installing RFID antenna device at the school gate for transmitting a radio frequency signal to both sides of the gate. Students wear a safe campus cards going in and out of school, then the card analyzes the received signal and send SMS notifications through mobile Internet of things to their parents, ensuring the connection of the parents and students and the safety of students.

  8. 基于高校校园卡识别的太阳能防盗锁设计与开发%Design and Development of Solar Anti-theft Lock Based on the College Campus Card Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵林; 王志坤

    2014-01-01

    本研究立足目前国内太阳能自然资源利用现状,研发一种太阳能电池板可自动追光的基于校园卡识别的新型太阳能防盗锁,在高校学生公寓中推广。该门锁利用太阳能作为电源,将单片机技术、RFID技术应用于门锁,产生了IC卡智能门锁。该门锁系统节能环保且成本低廉,主控制器采用STC89C52RC,读卡芯片采用MF RC500,具有软硬件设计简单,安全可靠,操作方便等特点,可广泛应用于高校学生公寓楼,该系统已通过实验验证,运行情况良好。%Aiming at the current domestic solar energy natural resources utilization , this study develops a new solar anti -theft lock with the solar panels that can be automatically spotlighted based on campus card identification .The single-chip microcomputer tech-nology and RFID technology are applied in this door lock system with the solar energy as power supply so as to form an IC card intelli -gence door lock system .The system has the features of energy conservation , environmental protection and low cost .The main controller is STC89C52RC and the reading card chip adopts the MF RC 500 chip which has the advantages of simple software and hardware de-sign, safe, reliable and convenient operation and etc ., it can be widely applied in the university students'apartment buildings , the sys-tem is validated through the experiment and runs in good condition .

  9. Punch Card Programmable Microfluidics

    CERN Document Server

    Korir, George

    2014-01-01

    Small volume fluid handling in single and multiphase microfluidics provides a promising strategy for efficient bio-chemical assays, low-cost point-of-care diagnostics and new approaches to scientific discoveries. However multiple barriers exist towards low-cost field deployment of programmable microfluidics. Incorporating multiple pumps, mixers and discrete valve based control of nanoliter fluids and droplets in an integrated, programmable manner without additional required external components has remained elusive. Combining the idea of punch card programming with arbitrary fluid control, here we describe a self-contained, hand-crank powered, multiplex and robust programmable microfluidic platform. A paper tape encodes information as a series of punched holes. A mechanical reader/actuator reads these paper tapes and correspondingly executes a series of operations onto a microfluidic chip coupled to the platform in a plug-and-play fashion. Enabled by the complexity of codes that can be represented by a series ...

  10. School health report card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presswood, Rebecca F

    2005-09-01

    School nurses all across the nation perform valuable screenings every year for the students in their schools. These screenings identify abnormalities that have the potential to affect their education. With skill and determination, a variety of health screenings are performed and the results communicated with the parents of the children. A health "report card" is a proposed method of communicating vital health screening information, including the height, weight, and BMI of every student. This is directly related to the epidemic of childhood obesity. Current life styles promote minimal exercise and increased consumption of food that has minor nutritional value. It is time to identify affected children and become engaged in resolving this health crisis, by teaching this nation's children behaviors that will result in optimal health.

  11. Explaining intention to use the Islamic credit card: an extension of the TRA model

    OpenAIRE

    Hanudin, Amin

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Purpose – The Islamic credit card is a type of banking product offered by Islamic banks. Given the importance to the Islamic credit card to Islamic banks, the study is aimed at identifying the factors determining the Malaysian bank customers’ behavioral intention to use the Islamic credit card. Design/methodology/approach – Drawing upon the Theory of Reasoned Action (the TRA model), this study proposes a modified model to examine the acceptance factors of attitude, subjective ...

  12. Caquexia cardíaca

    OpenAIRE

    A. Miján de la Torre; E. Martín de la Torre; de Mateo Silleras, Beatriz

    2006-01-01

    La insuficiencia cardíaca de carácter crónico (ICC), en especial si afecta al corazón derecho, ocasiona con frecuencia malnutrición. Si esta es grave y se unen otros componentes, puede producirse caquexia cardíaca. Esta se asocia a mayor morbilidad y menor supervivencia de los pacientes que la padecen. Las causas de la caquexia cardíaca son diversas, en general asociadas a mantener balance energético negativo, surgiendo cada vez mayor evidencia que apoya un origen multifactorial de la m...

  13. The c-cards game

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea

    2005-01-01

    C-cards are an easy-to-reify, graphical formalism capable of expressing computational systems, discrete both in time and in space. The main goal of the project aims at scaling-down the learning complexity of Computer Science core contents. We argue that our cards present many dimensions of flexib...... of flexibility, resulting in a highly customizable learning object, that gives teachers and pedagogues freedom with respect to reification and deployment strategies. The correlation between the c-cards game and children's soft skills is also discussed....

  14. Payment Cards Market Competition Heats Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGPEI

    2005-01-01

    China is widely recognized to be one of the domestic payment card markets with greatest potential. According to statistics from the People's Bank of China, the country's central bank, the number of bank cards in China had risen to 76z million as of the end of 2004, a figure that included 663 million debit cards and 98 million credit cards.

  15. Patron ID Cards Made Easy and Cheap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peischl, Tom

    1978-01-01

    Four major problems of academic library identification cards are expense, distribution, timeliness, and validation. By moving from a commercially produced plastic library card to a locally produced paper IBM-type card, this library solved these four library card problems. (Author)

  16. Turning a Private Label Bank Card into a Multi-function Campus ID Card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Thomas G.; Norwood, Bill R.

    1991-01-01

    This article describes the development at Florida State University of the Seminole ACCESS card, which functions simultaneously as a bank automated teller machine card, a student identification card, and a debit card. Explained are the partnership between the university and the bank charge card center, funding system, technologies involved, and…

  17. From EuCARD to EuCARD-2

    CERN Multimedia

    Chaudron, M

    2013-01-01

    The one word that best describes the spirit of the EuCARD ’13 event (see here) that took place from 10 to 14 June at CERN is "collaboration". The event brought together more than 180 accelerator specialists from all over the world to celebrate the conclusion of the EuCARD project and to kick off its successor, EuCARD-2.   EuCARD-2 brings a global view to particle accelerator research in order to address challenges for future generations of accelerators. The project officially began on 1 May 2013 and will run for four years. With a total budget of €23.4 million, including an €8 million EU contribution, it will build upon the success of EuCARD and push it into an even more innovative regime. EuCARD-2 aims to significantly enhance multidisciplinary R&D for European accelerators and will actively contribute to the development of a European Research Area in accelerator science. This will be accomplished by promoting complementary expertise, cross-d...

  18. Development, Validation and Summative Evaluation of Card Pairing Games for Selected Math 8 Topics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald O. Ocampo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional classroom situation where students are taught predominantly of lecture-discussion method put the classroom in a mathophobic atmosphere. Oftentimes, students exposed to this classroom atmosphere lead to math anxiety and eventually hate the subject and the teacher. Addressing this, varied interactive strategies to create an atmosphere of discourse has been developed and promoted. The use of instructional games has been viewed as one strategy that promotes active learning inside the classroom. Instructional games support constructivist learning and social learning. This study is aimed at developing, validating and evaluating card pairing games for specific topics in Math 8. The Research and Development model ( R& D was used. The card pairing games was validated by subject experts and experts in developing games. In evaluating the card pairing games, the Quasi-Experimental Pretest-Posttest design was used. There are six card pairing games developed for specific topics in Math 8; the card pairing game is highly valid based on the result of the validation; Students exposed to card pairing game become more intact (homogeneous; Students exposed to card games enhance academic performance. It is recommended to test the effectiveness of card pairing games to other group of students; Encourage math teachers to use the developed math card pairing games for classroom instruction; Develop other card pairing game for specific topics in math.

  19. 基于虚拟样机技术的电动切卡机创新设计及仿真优化%Innovation design and simulation optimizing of electric card-cut machine based on virtual prototyping technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾相武; 胡树根

    2012-01-01

    Aiming at realizing the optimal design of the electric card-cut machine,firstly,the method of innovation design was applied in function principle solution of mechatrnnics product, the function scheme was obtained. Then Pro/E and AMAMS software were used for three dimensional modeling, the virtual prototyping technology was used to do the analysis of kinematics and dynamics, the parameter optimization of design scheme was done, and the optimization result was obtained, the design objective was realized. The research results show that the method combined with innovation design and virtual prototyping technology is very effective for product optimization design.%为了实现电动切卡机产品的优化设计,首先运用机电产品创新设计的方法,对该产品进行了功能原理求解,获得了功能方案,然后利用Pro/E和ADAMS软件对该方案进行了三维建模,最后应用虚拟样机技术进行了运动学和动力学仿真分析,并对该设计方案进行了参数优化,获得了最优结果,实现了设计目标.研究结果表明:运用创新设计方法和虚拟样机技术相结合的方案进行产品的优化设计是非常有效的.

  20. All Cards On the Table

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Foreign-funded banks were allowed to issue bank cards after securing renminbi business for Chinese citizens last December, ushering in toe-to-toe competition between Chinese and foreign banks The China Banking Regulatory Commission(CBRC) began

  1. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring : - a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) - the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to: Bureau des cartes, bât 33.1-009/1-011. HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  2. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring: ­ a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) ­ the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-011 Members of the personnel will be notified by HR Division as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsability in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  3. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring : a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication)to: Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-011. Members of personnel will be notified by HR Division as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  4. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines; Human Resources Division; Tel. 79494-74683

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2000, need to change them. Those concerned should bring: - a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) - the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to: Bureau des cartes, bldg 33.1-009/1-011. HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  5. UK Punched Card Reference Manuals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Documentation for using and reading punched cards kept at the UK Met Office. Includes five Marine and one upper air manual, dated from 1953-1981.

  6. Press rate card: Paralympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This catalogue provides a general overview of the press rate card programme, in an effort to make it as user-friendly as possible for the accredited written and photographic press and non-rights-holding broadcasters.

  7. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division

    2001-01-01

    Members of the personnel and their families, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS due to expire during the year 2001, need to change them. Those concerned should bring : a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back) the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to Bureau des cartes, building 33/1-009/1-015. Members of the personnel will be notified by the Social and Statutary Conditions Group, HR Division as soon as the new cards are available. Be careful: If you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.

  8. Bankruptcy Reform and Credit Cards

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Michelle J. White

    2007-01-01

    .... Personal bankruptcy filings fell to 600,000 in 2006. This paper explores why personal bankruptcy rates rose, and will argue that the main reason is the growth of "revolving debt"--mainly credit card debt...

  9. OPENING HOURS FOR CARDS OFFICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    Due to the extra workload generated by the global renewal of French cards and in order to preserve the level of service offered by the cards office, please note that this office will in future be open every morning from 8.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. until further notice. The service can be contacted by telephone during the same hours. Thank you for your understanding.

  10. FEC-CCS A common Front-End Controller card for the CMS detector electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Kloukinas, Kostas; Drouhin, F; Ljuslin, C; Marchioro, A; Murer, E; Paillard, C; Vlasov, E

    2007-01-01

    The FEC-CCS is a custom made 9U VME64x card for the CMS Off-Detector electronics. The FEC-CCS card is responsible for distributing the fast timing signals and the slow control data, through optical links, to the Front-End system. Special effort has been invested in the design of the card in order to make it compatible with the operational requirements of multiple CMS detectors namely the Tracker, ECAL, Preshower, PIXELs, RPCs and TOTEM. This paper describes the design architecture of the FEC-CCS card focusing on the special design features that enable the common utilization by most of the CMS detectors. Results from the integration tests with the detector electronics subsystems and performance measurements will be reported. The design of a custom made testbench for the production testing of the 150 cards produced will be presented and the attained yield will be reported.

  11. A SECURE MESSAGE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR COMPUTER NETWORKS EMPLOYING SMART CARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geylani KARDAŞ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we introduce a mobile system architecture which employs smart cards for secure message transmission in computer networks. The use of smart card provides two security services as authentication and confidentiality in our design. The security of the system is provided by asymmetric encryption. Hence, smart cards are used to store personal account information as well as private key of each user for encryption / decryption operations. This offers further security, authentication and mobility to the system architecture. A real implementation of the proposed architecture which utilizes the JavaCard technology is also discussed in this study.

  12. 振动信号多通道同步整周期数据采集卡设计%Design of Vibration Signal's Multi-channel Integer Period Synchronous Acquisition Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨世锡; 梁文军; 于保华

    2013-01-01

    对汽轮发电机组转子的振动信号进行整周期采集有利于提高频谱分析的精度、提高设备状态监测的水平.研究了整周期采集技术,提出了一种基于现场可编程门阵列(field programmable gate array,简称FPGA)的转子振动信号多通道同步整周期数据采集卡的设计方案.该方案采用FPGA技术设计了基于键相倍频法的整周期采集控制算法,对两片高速A/D转换芯片进行整周期采集控制,采用乒乓操作的方式将A/D转换数据保存在双口RAM中,以PC104总线协议与主机进行通信.测试结果表明,该采集卡可以准确实现多通道信号的同步整周期采集及键相信号频率测量,且具有体积小、集成度高、采集频率广泛和频率测量精度高等特点,可以广泛应用于转子振动信号的数据采集领域.%If the rotor vibration signals of the turbine are collected in the way of integer period, it would be helpful to improve the precision of spectrum analysis, so as to improve the level of condition monitoring for machinery. Based on a thorough research of the integer period acquisition technology, a design of data acquisition card based on FPGA (field programmable gate array) is proposed, the card is of small size and compact type, and has the ability to collect multi-channel signals in the way of integer period synchronously. The design uses FPGA to realize the integer period acquisition control algorithm, based on the key phase and multi-frequency method, and to control two pieces of high speed A/D conversion chips to collect multichannel signals synchronously in the way of integer period. The ping-pong operation way is used to store those A/D conversion data into RAM memory, and the PC104 bus agreement is used to communicate with the host machine. Test results show that, the data acquisition card can accurately collect multi-channel periodic signals synchronously in the way of integer period, and measure the frequency of the key

  13. 31 CFR 587.408 - Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....S. financial institutions. 587.408 Section 587.408 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... Credit extended and cards issued by U.S. financial institutions. Section 587.201 on dealing in property..., debit cards, or other credit facilities issued by a U.S. financial institution to a person designated...

  14. How Not to Strike it Rich: Semantics, Pragmatics, and Semiotics of a Massachusetts Lottery Game Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butters, Ronald R.

    2004-01-01

    In 2001, the Massachusetts State Lottery Commission released for sale a new "instant lottery ticket" "scratch-and-play" game card named "Caesars [sic] Palace[R]" (played by scratching the surface of each card at designated spots to reveal hidden numbers or images). It offered ten grand prizes of $1,000,000 each and a…

  15. The Design and Realization of Consumption System Based on the CPU Card for Electric Vehicle Charging Post%电动汽车充电桩基于CPU卡的消费系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹婷婷; 朱振军; 林永君

    2012-01-01

    针对用户对电动汽车充电桩的应用需求,选用CPU卡为计费工具,并根据其COS系统建立了适用的卡上文件系统,基于用户的消费流程及CPU卡的通讯协议编写实现用户刷卡充电的程序。最终通过嵌入式Linux系统下调试验证其可行性。%According to the customer application needs for charging machine, this paper discusses building the applicable card file system depending on the COS with using the CPU card as the metering tool, developing the program based on consumption progress and CPU card communication protocol to realize charging with card for customers,as well as verifying the applicability through debugging the developed program in embedded Linux system.

  16. 3D multiplayer virtual pets game using Google Card Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herumurti, Darlis; Riskahadi, Dimas; Kuswardayan, Imam

    2017-08-01

    Virtual Reality (VR) is a technology which allows user to interact with the virtual environment. This virtual environment is generated and simulated by computer. This technology can make user feel the sensation when they are in the virtual environment. The VR technology provides real virtual environment view for user and it is not viewed from screen. But it needs another additional device to show the view of virtual environment. This device is known as Head Mounted Device (HMD). Oculust Rift and Microsoft Hololens are the most famous HMD devices used in VR. And in 2014, Google Card Board was introduced at Google I/O developers conference. Google Card Board is VR platform which allows user to enjoy the VR with simple and cheap way. In this research, we explore Google Card Board to develop simulation game of raising pet. The Google Card Board is used to create view for the VR environment. The view and control in VR environment is built using Unity game engine. And the simulation process is designed using Finite State Machine (FSM). This FSM can help to design the process clearly. So the simulation process can describe the simulation of raising pet well. Raising pet is fun activity. But sometimes, there are many conditions which cause raising pet become difficult to do, i.e. environment condition, disease, high cost, etc. this research aims to explore and implement Google Card Board in simulation of raising pet.

  17. Passive microfluidic array card and reader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dugan, Lawrence Christopher [Modesto, CA; Coleman, Matthew A [Oakland, CA

    2011-08-09

    A microfluidic array card and reader system for analyzing a sample. The microfluidic array card includes a sample loading section for loading the sample onto the microfluidic array card, a multiplicity of array windows, and a transport section or sections for transporting the sample from the sample loading section to the array windows. The microfluidic array card reader includes a housing, a receiving section for receiving the microfluidic array card, a viewing section, and a light source that directs light to the array window of the microfluidic array card and to the viewing section.

  18. Compulsive buying and credit card misuse among credit card holders: The roles of self-esteem, materialism, impulsive buying and budget constraint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Asiah Omar

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study aims to examine the factors that influence credit card misuse among working adults in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The relationship among self-esteem, materialism, impulsive buying, budget constraint, compulsive buying and credit card misuse are explored in this study. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 186 questionnaires was collected via convenience sampling from credit card users of working adults in Malaysia. A structural equation model that assesses the relationship between the proposed variables is tested using AMOS 20. Findings: The findings reveal that budget constraints, impulsive buying and materialism have a statistically significant influence on compulsive buying. In terms of credit card misuse, it is influenced negatively by self-esteem while positively by compulsive buying. Originality/value: Despite vast research on compulsive buying and credit card misuse, very few studies have examined it in the non-Western context.

  19. 基于一卡通的高等院校财务报账流程再造设计%The Reengineering Design of Colleges and Universities’ Financial Reimbursement Procedure:Based on the One-card Campus Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2015-01-01

    Financial reimbursement is a basic financial operation for institutions of higher learning;however,there exist many problems in the traditional financial reimbursement procedure such as lack of data sharing, poor timeliness of information transmission,financial information asymmetry,redundant links and repetitive work.Arguably,such problems are mainly caused by the reimbursement produce. An optimized solution is first establishing the financial service management system based on the one-card campus platform so as to achieve the interconnection among various departments and the comprehensive sharing of data. Then,the reengineering scheme of financial reimbursement procedure should be designed on the one-card campus platform by turning to the theory of business process reengineering so as to achieve remote web-based reimbursement,cashless reimbursement,electronic endorsement,compatibility of electronic invoice with paper bills,intelligent voucher generation as well as real-time information push and query.%财务报账是高等院校运作的基础性财务工作,高校传统财务报账流程存在诸多问题:如数据缺乏共享,信息传递时效性差,财务信息不对称,环节冗余,重复性劳动多等等。流程问题是造成高校普遍存在“报账难”现象的根本原因。为解决这一问题,基于一卡通平台建立了高校财务服务管理系统构架,以实现高校各部门系统的互联互通,数据充分共享;在一卡通系统平台基础上,根据业务流程再造理论,进行了高校财务报账流程再造方案设计,实现了报账网络远程化操作、无现金报账、电子签批、电子发票与纸质票据兼容、凭证智能化生成、信息实时推送及查询的财务报账新模式。

  20. 基于PCI-1712数据采集卡的骨质疏松治疗仪上位软件设计%Software Design of the Osteoporosis Treatment Therapy Based on PCI-1712 Data Acquisition Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王树东; 宋国辉; 高学洪; 周盛成; 王恒星; 何巍

    2012-01-01

    This article introduce a superior performance of multi-function high-speed acquisition card PCI-1712, and apply to the actual project osteoporosis treatment therapy control system. The paper mainly describe the system architecture and the software architecture and the design method in the VB environment, and the software realize remote control of the device, a variety of waveform output, data collection, data preservation functions and waveform display. The actual running shows that the control system is running stable, reliable, and present intelligent features, belong to the field of advanced medjcal products, with good prospects.%介绍了一款性能优越的多功能高速采集卡PCI-1712,并运用到实际项目骨质疏松治疗仪的控制系统中.主要阐述了系统的结构和在VB环境下软件的结构和设计方法,软件实现了对设备的远程控制、各种波形输出、数据的采集、数据的保存与波形显示等功能.实际运行表明,系统稳定、可靠、并呈现智能化特性,属于医疗领域先进产品,有着很好的发展前景.

  1. 基于GPRS的非接触式IC卡蒸汽预付费终端设计%Design of Steam Prepaid Terminal Based on GPRS and Contactless IC Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宗方

    2016-01-01

    以MSP430为控制核心,射频卡作为预付费载体,设计蒸汽预付费终端,具有人机交互功能,通过GPRS与上位机通信。终端可采集温度、压力、流量实现对饱和或过热蒸汽的流量补偿。介绍了蒸汽预付费系统总体结构,蒸汽预付费终端的功能、设计方案、硬件电路和软件流程。调试结果表明,蒸汽预付费终端工作稳定可靠,数据安全性高,实时性强,操作简单,界面友好。%Steam prepaid terminal takes MSP430 control er as the core of control,RF card as the prepaid carrier,commu-nicating with upper computer through GPRS.The terminal col ect temperature,pressure and flow at the same time realize the flow compensation of saturated steam or superheated steam,it provides human-computer interaction function.Giving a brief introduction of steam prepaid system overal structure,then mainly introduces the functions of steam prepaid terminal,designs scheme,hardware circuit,and some software processes.

  2. Design of Transmission Line Fault Location System Based on High Speed Data Acquisition Card%基于高速数据采集卡的输电线路故障定位系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张运周

    2014-01-01

    In order to make the transmission line in a short time with minimal manpower, troubleshooting, design a set of transmission lines fault location system based on high speed data acquisition card with single terminal traveling wave . The system is composed of high speed data acquisition device and system analysis software. The system can eliminate the hidden trouble, reduce the power outage, reduce outage time, improve the reliability of power supply.%为了使输电线路在短时间内以最小的人力、物力排除故障,设计了一套基于高速数据采集卡的输电线路单端行波在线故障定位系统。系统由高速数据采集装置和系统分析软件构成,可消除输电线路隐患、缩小停电范围、减少停电时间,提高供电可靠性。

  3. Reminder: Swiss and French cards

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Communication from the HR Department to members of personnel holding an employment or association contract, above 50% and for more than 3 months, with the Organization. The HR Department would like to remind all members of personnel concerned that they are obliged to: • hold a valid Swiss  Légitimation card AND a valid French card (“Titre de séjour spécial” or “attestation de fonctions”) at all times during the exercise of their functions in the Organization; • return these documents as soon as their functions in the Organization cease. Not following these rules could be prejudicial to the Organization and appropriate measures may be taken towards the member of personnel concerned. Information and procedures concerning Swiss and French cards (first application, renewal, theft/loss, etc.) are available in the Admin e-guide. Users and Unpaid Associates must contact the Users Office HR Department Tel.: 729...

  4. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders ofSWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)the expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to:Bureau des cartes, Bât 33.1-009/1-011.HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  5. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:-\ta recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)-\tthe expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to:Bureau des cartes, bât 33.1-009/1-011.HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  6. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    HR DIVISION

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:a recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)the expired (or due to expire) card and a photocopy (for certified authentication)to: Bureau des cartes, building 33/1-025Members of personnel will be notified by HR Division as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organization will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  7. Swiss and French cards - Reminder

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2011-01-01

    Communication from the HR Department to members of personnel holding an employment or association contract, above 50% and for more than 3 months, with the Organization. The HR Department would like to remind all members of the personnel concerned that they are obliged to: hold a valid Swiss Légitimation card AND a valid French card (“Titre de séjour spécial” or “attestation de fonctions”) at all times during the exercise of their functions in the Organization; return these documents as soon as their functions in the Organization cease. Not following these rules could be prejudicial to the Organization and appropriate measures may be taken with respect to the member of the personnel concerned. Information and procedures concerning Swiss and French cards (first application, renewal, theft/loss, etc.) are available in the Admin e-guide: https://cern.ch/admin-eguide/cartes/proc_cartes_home.asp Users and Unpaid Associates must ...

  8. RENEWAL OF SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des Ressources Humaines

    2000-01-01

    Members of the personnel, holders of SWISS LEGITIMATION CARDSdue to expire during the year 2000, need to change them.Those concerned should bring:-\ta recent passport photo (with NAME and first name on the back)-\tthe expired (or due to expire) card and a recto-verso photocopy on A4 size paper (for certified authentication) to:Bureau des cartes, bât 33.1-009/1-011.HR Division will notify members of personnel as soon as the new cards are available.Be careful: if you are in possession of expired cards (Swiss or French), or if you present non-certified copies, the Organisation will not take any responsibility in case of difficulties with the customs authorities or the police.Human Resources DivisionTel. 79494-74683

  9. Learning via Game Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchetti, Emanuela; Valente, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    game into a trading card game, to investigate the potential of the approach: as expected, students participating to the study shifted between playing and design thinking. The card-based model introduced in this paper works full circle: it enables learners to go from digital games to cards and back...

  10. The SMile Card: a computerised data card for multiple sclerosis patients. SMile Card Scientific Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancardi, G L; Uccelli, M M; Sonnati, M; Comi, G; Milanese, C; De Vincentiis, A; Battaglia, M A

    2000-04-01

    The SMile Card was developed as a means for computerising clinical information for the purpose of transferability, accessibility, standardisation and compilation of a national database of demographic and clinical information about multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In many European countries, centres for MS are organised independently from one another making collaboration, consultation and patient referral complicated. Only the more highly advanced clinical centres, generally located in large urban areas, have had the possibility to utilise technical possibilities for improving the organisation of patient clinical and research information, although independently from other centres. The information system, developed utilising the Visual Basic language for Microsoft Windows 95, stores information via a 'smart card' in a database which is initiated and updated utilising a microprocessor, located at each neurological clinic. The SMile Card, currently being tested in Italy, permits patients to carry with them all relevant medical information without limitations. Neurologists are able to access and update, via the microprocessor, the patient's entire medical history and MS-related information, including the complete neurological examination and laboratory test results. The SMile Card provides MS patients and neurologists with a complete computerised archive of clinical information which is accessible throughout the country. In addition, data from the SMile Card system can be exported to other database programs.

  11. NCDC Punched Card Inventory - 1950s

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Index of foreign weather data available on punched cards held at the Joint Punched Card Library in Asheville NC, produced in the late 1950s, and also station/data...

  12. Antibiotic 'Report Card' Drills Guidelines into Dentists

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160702.html Antibiotic 'Report Card' Drills Guidelines Into Dentists Seeing their ... HealthDay News) -- Dentists are less likely to prescribe antibiotics for patients after seeing a "report card" on ...

  13. Trasplante cardíaco

    OpenAIRE

    Lázaro, Raúl José Burgos; Pocovi, Sebastián Ramis; Cabeza, Paloma Martínez; Fernández, Jesús López; Mejuto, Evaristo Castedo; García, Santiago Serrano-Fiz; Montero, Carlos García; Basterrechea, Juan Ugarte

    2011-01-01

    El trasplante cardíaco es el tratamiento más eficaz y consolidado de los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca grado D. El número de trasplantes registrados en el mundo es superior a 80.000, y en España, hasta diciembre de 2009 estaban registrados 6.048 trasplantes, con un máximo de 353 trasplantes en el año 2000. En este artículo se revisan las indicaciones y contraindicaciones, criterios de selección y mantenimiento del donante, técnica quirúrgica, complicaciones y resultados. La superviv...

  14. 76 FR 3180 - Market Test of Gift Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ... advantage of cross-selling opportunities with greeting cards. The test will expand to up to 3,000 additional... the mails for sending gift cards, the Postal Service asserts that selling gift cards at Postal Service... costs of selling the product, the value of types of cards, card packaging and card locations to...

  15. 75 FR 70753 - Market Test Involving Greeting Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... companies will use the product to increase the sale of greeting cards, and customers will have a simpler...: Submit comments electronically via the Commission's Filing Online system at http://www.prc.gov . Those... participating businesses will produce and distribute pre-approved envelopes according to specific design...

  16. An Educational Card Game for Learning Families of Chemical Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariscal, Antonio Joaquin Franco; Martinez, Jose Maria Oliva; Marquez, Serafin Bernal

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes an educational card game designed to help high school students (grade 10, 15-16 years old) "understand," as opposed to memorize, the periodic table. The game may also be used to identify different chemical elements found in daily life objects. As an additional value, students learn the names and symbols of the displayed…

  17. An Educational Card Game for Learning Families of Chemical Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariscal, Antonio Joaquin Franco; Martinez, Jose Maria Oliva; Marquez, Serafin Bernal

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes an educational card game designed to help high school students (grade 10, 15-16 years old) "understand," as opposed to memorize, the periodic table. The game may also be used to identify different chemical elements found in daily life objects. As an additional value, students learn the names and symbols of the displayed…

  18. Optimised to Fail: Card Readers for Online Banking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimer, Saar; Murdoch, Steven J.; Anderson, Ross

    The Chip Authentication Programme (CAP) has been introduced by banks in Europe to deal with the soaring losses due to online banking fraud. A handheld reader is used together with the customer’s debit card to generate one-time codes for both login and transaction authentication. The CAP protocol is not public, and was rolled out without any public scrutiny. We reverse engineered the UK variant of card readers and smart cards and here provide the first public description of the protocol. We found numerous weaknesses that are due to design errors such as reusing authentication tokens, overloading data semantics, and failing to ensure freshness of responses. The overall strategic error was excessive optimisation. There are also policy implications. The move from signature to PIN for authorising point-of-sale transactions shifted liability from banks to customers; CAP introduces the same problem for online banking. It may also expose customers to physical harm.

  19. Engineering software development with HyperCard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darko, Robert J.

    1990-01-01

    The successful and unsuccessful techniques used in the development of software using HyperCard are described. The viability of the HyperCard for engineering is evaluated and the future use of HyperCard by this particular group of developers is discussed.

  20. Development of an Active SERCOS Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu,Yanqiang; Huan,Ji

    2004-01-01

    SERCOS is a data exchange protocol between CNCcontroller and digital drives. The author developed an Active SERCOS Card based on PC ISA bus. With this card, we can control digital drives with SERCOS interfaces without any detailed knowledge of SERCOS. This paper introduces the hardware and software architectures of the card.

  1. Security of Visa card and MasterCard for e-transaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2009-01-01

    With the rapidly growth of information and technology, e-business is becoming a buzz word. It has been brought enormous benefits. But there are still hidden dangers for these businesses. The security of payment card is essential for e-transactions. So it is vital for businesses to protect the security of payment card. MasterCard and Visa Card are two types of card that are widely used by most people for online transaction (Davis. & Bensmati, 2003).

  2. Palmistry, tarot cards, and psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pejic, Nicholas G

    2008-01-01

    The author summarizes his experience with palm and Tarot card readers in New Orleans. The history, practice, and psychodynamics of palmistry and Tarot are explored. It's postulated that these practices are forms of archaic psychotherapy, which employ supportive treatment and placebo. These tactics are used to elicit hope for its clients.

  3. Towards an open sound card

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dimitrov, Smilen; Serafin, Stefania

    2011-01-01

    The architecture of a sound card can, in simple terms, be described as an electronic board containing a digital bus interface hardware, and analog-to-digital (A/D) and digital-to-analog (D/A) converters; then, a soundcard driver software on a personal computer's (PC) operating system (OS) can con...

  4. Towards an open sound card

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dimitrov, Smilen; Serafin, Stefania

    2011-01-01

    The architecture of a sound card can, in simple terms, be described as an electronic board containing a digital bus interface hardware, and analog-to-digital (A/D) and digital-to-analog (D/A) converters; then, a soundcard driver software on a personal computer's (PC) operating system (OS) can con...

  5. Comparing Candidate Hospital Report Cards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burr, T.L.; Rivenburgh, R.D.; Scovel, J.C.; White, J.M.

    1997-12-31

    We present graphical and analytical methods that focus on multivariate outlier detection applied to the hospital report cards data. No two methods agree which hospitals are unusually good or bad, so we also present ways to compare the agreement between two methods. We identify factors that have a significant impact on the scoring.

  6. "Voyager": An Educational Card Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David Ryan

    2003-01-01

    "Voyager" is an educational card game involving scientific satellites, developed for use in schools with children aged 9 to 13 years. The idea of the game is to improve pupils' knowledge about the large number of scientific satellites there are in space in a fun way, while also practising numeracy skills. Several copies of the game were…

  7. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FARE COLLECTION TERMINAL FOR MOBILE TICKETING BASED ON RFID-SIM CARD%基于RFID-SIM卡移动手机票检票终端的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光普

    2012-01-01

    Mobile ticketing is such a system that it uses RFID-SIM card as the secure storage and verification module, realise the purchasing and choosing of mobile phone tickets through mobile phone display screen, mobile wireless communications and non-contact communication technology, and completes ticketing function with mobile ticketing fare collection terminals. In this paper we describe the key software technology implemented by fare collection terminal device in light of mobile ticketing vending and fare collection system, the types of mobile phone ticket and the function of fare collection terminals, and design a system platform supporting mobile ticketing vending and fare collection application. The research results in the paper have been achieved and reached the practical application in a variety of situations.%移动手机票是以RFID-SIM卡作为安全存储和验证模块,通过手机显示屏、移动无线通信和非接触通信技术等来实现手机票的购买和选票,结合手机票检票终端完成票务功能.针对移动手机票售检票系统的组成、手机票类型和检票终端的功能,描述了检票终端设备实现的软件关键技术,并设计了支持手机票售检票应用的系统平台.该研究成果现已实现,并在多种场合达到实际应用.

  8. 某型飞行模拟器火控控制台设计与实现%Design and Implementation of a Filght Simulator Fire Control Console Based on Data Acquisition Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞宇; 孙永维; 李洋; 许冰

    2012-01-01

    In order to strengthen man machine interactive experience of a certain type of filght simulator fire control system and improve the quality of flight training, a fire control console based on the data acquisition card was designed. Using language of VC+ +6. 0, the function library can be programmed to acquisition switch states and analog signal voltage, also, it can output flags for digital display circuit to display the data. Actual application shows that the fire control console has good stability, high speed responsibility, which can accurately emulates operational program of fire control system and meet the demand of certain type aircraft fire control system training.%为增强某型飞行模拟器火控系统的人机交互体验,提高飞行模拟训练质量,设计实现了一种基于数据采集卡的某型飞行模拟器火控控制台;通过VC++6.0调用数据采集卡的函数库,采集控制台开关量状态和旋钮输出模拟信号电压值,并输出模拟器内部部分标志位供控制台数字显示电路进行数据显示;实际应用表明,该控制台稳定性好、响应速度快,可准确模拟火控系统操作程序,满足了某型飞机火控系统的训练需要.

  9. A Compound Pass Card Design Based on RFID and Contactless Mifare 1%基于RFID与非接触式Mifare1复合通行卡设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周世晶; 田涛

    2016-01-01

    Under the condition of the highway connected into a net , there may be a variety of paths from the entrance to export .A compound pass card base on RFID and Mifare 1 are designed to accurately identify the path of the actual driving .RFID is used to record the path information received during driving , and the Mifare 1 is used to record the toll information like entrance and vehicle information .The information is read at the exit to accurately i-dentify the drive path , thus providing the basis for reasonable collection and correctly charge the highway tolls for the highway administration .%在高速公路连接成网的情况下, 从入口到出口有多种路径可能. 为准确识别实际的行车路径, 提出了一种基于RFID技术与Mifare 1的复合通行卡解决方案, 通过RFID技术记录车辆在行驶过程中接收到的路径信息, 以Mifare 1记录入口地址及车辆型号等收费信息, 在出口处一并读取并上传收费系统, 从而实现精确的路径识别, 为高速公路管理部门正确收取通行费用与合理拆账提供依据.

  10. Preventing the threat of credit-card fraud: Factors influencing cashiers' identification-checking behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downing, Christopher; Howard, E Henry; Goodwin, Christina; Geller, E Scott

    2016-01-01

    Two studies examined factors influencing cashiers' identification (ID)-checking behavior in order to inform the development of interventions to prevent credit-card fraud. In both studies, research assistants made credit purchases in various stores and noted the cashiers' ID-checking behavior. In the first study, the store type, whether the cashier swiped the credit/debit card, the amount of the purchase, and whether the credit/debit card was signed significantly influenced ID-checking behavior. In the second study, an A-B-A design was used to evaluate the impact of a "Check my ID" prompt placed on the credit/debit card. The prompt increased cashiers' ID-checking behavior from 5.9% at Baseline to 10.3% during the Intervention. When the prompt was removed, the cashiers' ID-checking behavior decreased to 7.2%. Implications for further intervention research to prevent credit-card fraud are discussed.

  11. Self-esteem, money attitude, credit card usage, and compulsive buying behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megawati Simanjuntak

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to analyze the impact of self-esteem, money attitude, and credit card usage behaviour on compulsive buying behaviour of working women. The study usescross sectional design with electronic survey methods (e-survey involves 60 working women that use credit card. The Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis are used as statistical tools. The result indicates that power prestige, anxiety, retention-time, and credit card usage behaviour significantly correlate to compulsive buying behaviour. Furthermore, compulsive buying behaviour is positively influenced by credit card usage behaviour. This paper suggests the Indonesian government to provide consumers education on aspects of financial planning and using credit card properly. 

  12. 一种智能卡文件防插拔写入方法的设计%Design of Anti-Plugging Method for Smart Card File Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈荣军; 李飞; 谢舜道; 谭洪舟

    2013-01-01

    为解决一般防插拔写入方法使用空间和写入次数多、造成用户写入数据耗时过长的问题,提出一种高效、可靠、快速的文件防插拔写入方法,并在自行设计的智能卡操作系统上的实现.通过查询状态机的状态跳转,进行数据写入、数据恢复、备份数据写入、目标区域写入等一系列的过程最终完成防插拔写入.该方法具有高度的独立性,可应用于各种写入场景,对其他模块的正常工作不造成影响,易于实现.通过在临时区进行数据组合,减少了写入次数,提高了写入效率,同时通过优化状态机,减少了状态机跳转,提高了方法的执行效率.实际应用表明,该设计具有写入速度快,占用内存空间小的特点,达到设计要求.%In order to solve the problem of consuming too much time and memory by the general anti-plug file writing method, this paper puts forward a kind of efficient, reliable, fast anti-plug file writing method, and implements it in a smart card operating system designed by authors. By querying the state machine whether to write data, or recovery data, or backup data, or write target area and finally finish the anti-plugging writingis decided. The method has a high degree of independence, can be applied to a variety of writing scene, has no effect on the other modules,and is easy to realize. It can reduce the times of writing and improve the writing efficiency by combining data in temporary region. At the same time, by optimizing state machine, it can reduce the states, improve efficiency in the implementation of the mechanism. The practical application shows that, the design write data faster, occupies less memory space, which meet the design requirements.

  13. Segmentation of Camera Captured Business Card Images for Mobile Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Nasipuri, Mita

    2011-01-01

    Due to huge deformation in the camera captured images, variety in nature of the business cards and the computational constraints of the mobile devices, design of an efficient Business Card Reader (BCR) is challenging to the researchers. Extraction of text regions and segmenting them into characters is one of such challenges. In this paper, we have presented an efficient character segmentation technique for business card images captured by a cell-phone camera, designed in our present work towards developing an efficient BCR. At first, text regions are extracted from the card images and then the skewed ones are corrected using a computationally efficient skew correction technique. At last, these skew corrected text regions are segmented into lines and characters based on horizontal and vertical histogram. Experiments show that the present technique is efficient and applicable for mobile devices, and the mean segmentation accuracy of 97.48% is achieved with 3 mega-pixel (500-600 dpi) images. It takes only 1.1 se...

  14. Voice over internet protocol with prepaid calling card solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunadi, Tri

    2001-07-01

    The VoIP technology is growing up rapidly, it has big network impact on PT Telkom Indonesia, the bigger telecommunication operator in Indonesia. Telkom has adopted VoIP and one other technology, Intelligent Network (IN). We develop those technologies together in one service product, called Internet Prepaid Calling Card (IPCC). IPCC is becoming new breakthrough for the Indonesia telecommunication services especially on VoIP and Prepaid Calling Card solutions. Network architecture of Indonesia telecommunication consists of three layer, Local, Tandem and Trunck Exchange layer. Network development researches for IPCC architecture are focus on network overlay hierarchy, Internet and PSTN. With this design hierarchy the goal of Interworking PSTN, VoIP and IN calling card, become reality. Overlay design for IPCC is not on Trunck Exchange, this is the new architecture, these overlay on Tandem and Local Exchange, to make the faster call processing. The nodes added: Gateway (GW) and Card Management Center (CMC) The GW do interfacing between PSTN and Internet Network used ISDN-PRA and Ethernet. The other functions are making bridge on circuit (PSTN) with packet (VoIP) based and real time billing process. The CMC used for data storage, pin validation, report activation, tariff system, directory number and all the administration transaction. With two nodes added the IPCC service offered to the market.

  15. Design and Application of the Phone APP of Campus Smart Card System Based on NFC Technology%基于NFC技术的校园一卡通系统的手机APP设计与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯乐

    2015-01-01

    针对移动互联网的发展,移动支付技术的普及,将传统的校园一卡通系统与近距离无线通信(NFC)技术相结合,分析NFC校园手机一卡通的技术特点及优势,利用手机APP程序将校园一卡通系统中的支付模式转变,提高了校园一卡通系统应用的便捷性和效率.并为建设数字化智能校园提供一种新思路.%According to the development of mobile Internet and the popularity of mobile payment technology, the traditional campus smart card is combined with the near-field communication (NFC) technology to analyze the technical characteristics and advantages of NFC campus phone smart card. The payment model in campus smart card is transformed by the mobile phone APP. It improves the convenience and efficiency of the application of campus smart card system and provides a new way of thinking for constructing digital intelligent campus.

  16. Development of Visualization Software for McCARD Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chang Je; Lee, Byungchul; Shim, Hyung Jin; Yoeng Choi, Kwang; Roh, Chang Hyun

    2014-06-01

    In order to confirm geometrical modeling of input file of the McCARD (Monte Carlo Code for Advanced Reactor Design and analysis) code, a 2D visualization program with a 3D modeling has been developed. It requires lots of mathematical operations and advanced technologies for design graphical program of complicated geometries. The software is coded with the visual C++ language and run under the Windows PC environment.

  17. 基于SM3算法的动态口令卡的设计与实现%DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DYNAMIC PASSWORD CARD BASED ON SM3 ALGORITHM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑强; 高能; 张令臣

    2013-01-01

    在身份认证领域,动态口令技术由于其良好的安全性和操作的简易性,越来越受到用户的信任和青睐.国内现有的动态口令产品普遍采用国外的SHA系列算法,对信息安全的本土化造成潜在的威胁.实现国有密码算法自主技术产品的研发,将使密码产品的安全性得到更好的保障.选用基于时间同步的动态口令认证技术,采用国有密码SM3算法,完成了一种动态口令卡的设计和实现.通过仿真实验与测试表明,该卡达到了降低功耗,增强动态口令安全性的设计要求,具有较强的应用价值.%Due to its excellent security and simplicity in operation, dynamic password technique has own the trust and favour by increasing customers in identity authentication realm. Existing domestic dynamic password products generally adopt foreign SHA series algorithm, which is a potential menace to the localisation of information security. To realise independent development of technical products of state-owned cryptographic algorithms will better safeguard the security of cryptographic products. This paper presents the design and implementation of a dynamic password card, which adopts time synchronisation-based technique in dynamic password authentication and uses state-owned SM3 cryptographic algorithm. With simulative experiments and test, it is demonstrated that our implementation achieves the design target of low power dissipation and the enhanced high security in password, and is of high applied value.

  18. Valutazione economica dello studio CARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona de Portu

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: cardiovascular diseases (CVD are the major component of premature mortality, generate disability and are a relevant source of cost. The growing incidence of CVD is associated with lifestyle and other modifiable risk factors. Prevention and preclinical detection of CVD reduce morbidity and mortality. Type 2 diabetes is associated with a substantially increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Objective: the aim of the study was to evaluate the health economic consequence of medical therapy with atorvastatin for primary prevention of major cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes in Italy. Materials and method: in order to reach our objective we drew clinical information from the CARDS study. This economic evaluation was carried out conducting a cost/effectiveness analysis from the perspective of National Health Service (NHS. The analysis was applied to a time horizon in conformity with the observational period adopted in the CARDS study (3.9 years. An incremental cost/effectiveness ratio (ICER was calculated and is expressed as cost per life years gained (LYG. In order to test the robustness of the results, a one-way sensitivity analysis was performed. Results: the total cost of atorvastatin therapy over 3.9 years amounts to around 1.5 million of euros per 1,000 patients. The total cost of adding atorvastatin to standard care in people treated for primary prevention of major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes as those involved in the CARDS study would entail an additional cost of about 1,2 million of euros per 1,000 patients treated per 3.9 years, with an incremental cost/effectiveness ratio (ICER equivalent to 36,566 euros per patient per LYG. Discussion: the current study is the first economic evaluation of CARDS study to the Italian situation. The results of the current study show that hypolipemic therapy with atorvastatin 10 mg in diabetic individuals is to be considered cost effective.

  19. Chinese Green Cards Go Ahead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGHUA

    2005-01-01

    THE otherwise happy and fulfilling life of Canadian Louise Cadieux is marred by the nagging worry that she may not be able to get to her octogenarian mother in Canada at short notice, should the need arise.Louise is currently language consultant at the French Edition of China Today,and has lived and worked in China for 10 years. She explains, """"I hold an annually extendable Foreigners' Residential Card,

  20. Rh-flash acquisition card

    CERN Document Server

    Bourrion, O

    2003-01-01

    The rh-flash card main purpose is to convert and store the image of the analog data present at input into an output buffer, namely in a given timing window besides a stop signal (like a digital oscilloscope). It is conceived in VME format 1U wide with an additional connector. Novelty of this card is its ability to sample at a high frequency, due to flash coders, and this at a high repetition rate. To do that the card allows the storage of the data considered 'useful' and that is done by storing only the data exceeding a certain threshold. This can be useful for instance for viewing peaks in a spectrum, and obtaining their relative location. The goal is to stock and process the data sampled before and after the arrival of a stop signal (what entails a storage depth). A threshold is defined and any peak exceeding its level will really be stored in the output buffer which is readable through the VME bus. The peak values will be stored as well as m preceding and n subsequent values (both programmable). Obviously,...

  1. Feocromocitoma cardíaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo L. Knop

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Los feocromocitomas cardíacos primarios (FCP son sumamente infrecuentes. Hasta el presente son menos de 50 los casos comunicados en el mundo. Presentamos el caso de un tumor intrapericárdico, que resultó ser un feocromocitoma primario, en una mujer de mediana edad, cuyo signo principal fue hipertensión arterial severa (HTAs. Los estudios diagnósticos por imágenes corroboraron la presencia de un tumor intrapericárdico como único hallazgo y los estudios bioquímicos de catecolaminas y sus metabolitos excretados por orina reafirmaron el diagnóstico etiológico. El tumor fue resecado quirúrgicamente sin complicaciones mediante cirugía cardíaca convencional con circulación extracorpórea (CEC y paro cardíaco con cardioplejía. Siete meses después de la operación, la paciente se encuentra asintomática y normotensa.

  2. Almancada ve Türkçede Davetiye Örneklerinin Biçim, İçerik ve Dil İşlevi Açısından Karşılaştırmalı Olarak İncelenmesi Comparative Analysis of Invitation Card Samples in Terms of Design, Text Type and Linguistic Function in German and Turkish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faik ÖMÜR

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, some samples that are selected from the wedding circumcision and baptism invitation cards in German and Turkish out of the ones related to special days, that carry religious and national features, and that play a significant place in one’s individual and social life are analyzed. Some of these cards are selected among collected invitation cards and the rest from the most frequently used cards on the internet. Texts, laconic statements and other statements in Turkish cards are translated into German. The lines in the texts carry verse caharacteristics; therefore, they cannot be translated word for word stylistically. For that reason, considering cohesion and meaning equivalance, the translation is given as a table. Since there are not many studies conducted on invitation cards in Turkish and German, this study is thought to fill a significant gap. The scope of the invitation cards is limited to specific issue and standpoint. The study is handled in terms of socio-cultural and sociolinguistic point. Invitation cards that have the feature of pragmatic text are analyzed in terms of content, style and linguistic function. The study consists of four parts. In the first part, invitation card text definitions are given. In the second part, Turkish circumcision and wedding invitation card and German baptism and wedding invitation card samples are selected. In the third part, sample cards are compared in terms of design, text type, language and content. In the last part, the similarities and differences between these cards in terms of cultural, intercultural, economic, foreign language teaching, literary aspect, historical development and change are put forth. Bu çalışmada insanın bireysel ve sosyal hayatında önemli bir yere sahip olan, dini ve milli özellikler taşıyan belirli günlerle ilgili davetiyelerden Almancada ve Türkçede evlenme, sünnet ve vaftiz davetiyelerinden seçilmiş bazı örnekler karşılaştırmalı olarak

  3. Providing contact cards for relatives following bereavement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, K; Pearson, N

    This article describes the implementation of a Welsh Assembly Government policy to improve customer service and provide an opportunity for relatives to seek further information about the death of a loved one in an acute hospital setting. A new relative-centred pathway has been developed. It offers a single point of contact for recently bereaved relatives and provides an opportunity to discuss any concerns or anxieties in relation to the care and/or treatment in the final hours of their loved one's life. The pathway includes a contact card with the name and number of a designated person and is a more informal, empathetic and person-centred service than the formal complaint process.

  4. The Calorimeter Trigger Processor Card: the next generation of high speed algorithmic data processing at CMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svetek, A.; Blake, M.; Cepeda Hermida, M.; Dasu, S.; Dodd, L.; Fobes, R.; Gomber, B.; Gorski, T.; Guo, Z.; Klabbers, P.; Levine, A.; Ojalvo, I.; Ruggles, T.; Smith, N.; Smith, W. H.; Tikalsky, J.; Vicente, M.; Woods, N.

    2016-02-01

    The CMS Level-1 upgraded calorimeter trigger requires a powerful, flexible and compact processing card. The Calorimeter Trigger Processor Card (CTP7) uses the Virtex-7 FPGA as its primary data processor and is the first FPGA based processing card in CMS to employ the ZYNQ System-on-Chip (SoC) running embedded Linux to provide TCP/IP communication and board support functions. The CTP7 was built from the ground up to support AXI infrastructure to provide flexible and modular designs with minimal time from project conception to final implementation.

  5. C-cards in Music Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    Music and Computer Science share a dual nature: theory and practice relate in complex ways, and seem to be equally central for learners; for this no standard teaching approach for children has yet emerged in either of these two areas. Computational cards is a tabletop game, where cards act...... of the card; if the action is to generate a sound, then the circuit will effectively became a music machine....

  6. Optical smart card using semipassive communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, I; Green, Shlomo; Dimkov, Ilan

    2006-03-15

    An optical secure short-range communication system is presented. The mobile unit (optical smart card) of this system utilizes a retroreflector with an optical modulator, using light from the stationary unit; this mobile unit has very low power consumption and can be as small as a credit card. Such optical smart cards offer better security than RF-based solutions, yet do not require physical contact. Results from a feasibility study model are included.

  7. C-cards in Music Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    2005-01-01

    The paper proposes a new way of introducing music to classes of 8 to 10 years old pupils, by adopting a recent educational tool for teaching Computer Science. Our proposal builds in fact on computational cards (or c-cards), a playful and intuitive mind-tool, that has been applied to a variety...... of Computer Science concepts. Here a simple extension to c-cards is presented, that enables pupils to build and play with tangible musical machine....

  8. Falla cardíaca (primera parte)

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Anatomía y función del corazón/¿Qué es la falla cardíaca?/Causas de falla cardíaca/¿Cómo prevenir la falla cardíaca?/¿Qué es un factor de riesgo?/¿Cuáles son los síntomas y signos de la falla cardiaca?/¿Cómo se diagnostica la falla cardiaca?

  9. Augmenting C-cards with music actions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karl Kristoffer; Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    2006-01-01

    The paper proposes a new way of introducing music to classes of 8 to 10 years old pupils, by adopting a recent educational tool for teaching Computer Science. Our proposal builds in fact on computational cards (or c-cards), a playful and intuitive mind-tool, that has been applied to a variety...... of Computer Science concepts. Here a simple extension to c-cards is presented, that enables pupils to build and play with tangible musical machine....

  10. Developing JAVA Card Application with RMI API

    Science.gov (United States)

    JunWu, Xu; JunLing, Liang

    This paper describes research in the use of the RMI to develop Java Card applications. the Java Card RMI (JCRMI), which is based on the J2SE RMI distributed-object model. In the RMI model a server application creates and makes accessible remote objects, and a client application obtains remote references to the server's remote objects, and then invokes remote methods on them. In JCRMI, the Java Card applet is the server, and the host application is the client.

  11. Evaluation of the Effects of Social Cue Cards for Preschool Age Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, Amberly; Connell, James E.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and investigate the effects of Social Cue Cards on the social communication skills of three preschool age children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Using a multiple-baseline across-participants design, Social Cue Cards were implemented and direct observations of participants' identified target…

  12. The "Negative" Credit Card Effect: Credit Cards as Spending-Limiting Stimuli in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lie, Celia; Hunt, Maree; Peters, Heather L.; Veliu, Bahrie; Harper, David

    2010-01-01

    The "credit card effect" describes a finding where greater value is given to consumer items if credit card logos are present. One explanation for the effect is that credit cards elicit spending behavior through associative learning. If this is true, social, economic and historical contexts should alter this effect. In Experiment 1, Year…

  13. Adaptive Signal Processing Testbed: VME-based DSP board market survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingram, Rick E.

    1992-04-01

    The Adaptive Signal Processing Testbed (ASPT) is a real-time multiprocessor system utilizing digital signal processor technology on VMEbus based printed circuit boards installed on a Sun workstation. The ASPT has specific requirements, particularly as regards to the signal excision application, with respect to interfacing with current and planned data generation equipment, processing of the data, storage to disk of final and intermediate results, and the development tools for applications development and integration into the overall EW/COM computing environment. A prototype ASPT was implemented using three VME-C-30 boards from Applied Silicon. Experience gained during the prototype development led to the conclusions that interprocessor communications capability is the most significant contributor to overall ASPT performance. In addition, the host involvement should be minimized. Boards using different processors were evaluated with respect to the ASPT system requirements, pricing, and availability. Specific recommendations based on various priorities are made as well as recommendations concerning the integration and interaction of various tools developed during the prototype implementation.

  14. IC Card Auto Thread Picking System Design and Implementation Based on Computer Vision%基于机器视觉的IC卡自动挑线系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓静; 梁鹏; 吴伟文

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the requirement of smart IC card auto thread picking mechanism, this paper proposes a smart IC card auto thread picking based on machine vision by using C++and OpenCV. The system accesses IC card image by using CCD camera. Image is transformed to PC machine and processed. The robot is controlled by processed results. System is composed by prepro-cess module, edge detection module and edge feature extraction module. The experimental results show that our proposed sys-tem can pick up thread picking automatic.%针对智能IC卡自动挑线的需求,采用C++和OpenCV,提出一种基于机器视觉的IC卡自动挑线系统。该系统利用CCD摄像机摄取现场IC卡图像,图像传送到PC机上,在PC上对图像进行处理并根据检测的结果发出控制信号,系统一共有以下功能:图像预处理、边缘检测、边缘特征提取(顶点、夹角以及特征点等),实验结果表明,系统可以实现实时的挑线辅助工作。

  15. Application of Wide Needling Flat Card Clothing%宽植针盖板针布的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜立新; 陈天红

    2012-01-01

    Application effect of wide needling flat card clothing was discussed. Design and modification of wide needling flat card clothing were introduced. In same test condition .comparison test was carried out by adopting wide needling flat card clothing and traditional flat card clothing respectively. The result shows that neps and impurities in card sliver indexes can be improved in a certain when adopting wide needling flat card clothing,the carding effect is better. It is considered that card sliver quality is improved because throwover of wide needling flat card clothing is increased.%探讨宽植针盖板针布的应用效果.介绍了宽植针盖板针布的设计以及改进,在试验条件相同的情况下,分别采用宽植针盖板针布和传统盖板针布进行试验.结果表明:采用宽植针盖板针布时,生条的棉结、杂质指标均有一定的改善,梳理效果较好.认为宽植针盖板针布上梳理面的增加使生条质量得到改善.

  16. 48 CFR 413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... purchase card. 413.301 Section 413.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE....301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. USDA policy and procedures on use of the Governmentwide commercial purchase card are established in Departmental Regulation Series 5000....

  17. Improved reader for magnetically-encoded ID cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, T. T.

    1979-01-01

    Hybrid demodulator in electronic card reader for magnetically encoded identification cards, accommodates variations in insertion speeds, yet is simpler and less expensive than equivalent all-digital circuits.

  18. The Ornery American: Orson Scott Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oatman, Eric

    2008-01-01

    This article profiles Orson Scott Card, the winner of this year's Margaret A. Edwards Award for his outstanding contributions to teen literature, specifically for Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow (1999, both Tor), a companion tale. Card, the magician behind both of these best sellers, is one of the nation's most prolific--and contentious--authors.…

  19. An Excel-lent Card Trick

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zullo, Holly S.

    2011-01-01

    Card tricks based on mathematical principles can be a great way to get students interested in exploring some important mathematical ideas. In this article, the author discusses a simple spreadsheet implementation that shows students why the card trick works and allows them to explore several variations. As an added bonus, students are introduced…

  20. A Simulation of Coevolution Using Playing Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatina, Robert

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a simulation of a coevolutionary "arms race" and introduce a way of teaching it that lets students use the theory of natural selection to explain the outcomes of the simulation. The simulation uses the numerical cards from an UNO[R] playing card deck to represent the speeds of individuals in populations of…

  1. The Ornery American: Orson Scott Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oatman, Eric

    2008-01-01

    This article profiles Orson Scott Card, the winner of this year's Margaret A. Edwards Award for his outstanding contributions to teen literature, specifically for Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow (1999, both Tor), a companion tale. Card, the magician behind both of these best sellers, is one of the nation's most prolific--and contentious--authors.…

  2. C-cards in Music Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    2005-01-01

    The paper proposes a new way of introducing music to classes of 8 to 10 years old pupils, by adopting a recent educational tool for teaching Computer Science. Our proposal builds in fact on computational cards (or c-cards), a playful and intuitive mind-tool, that has been applied to a variety...

  3. In Brief: Arctic Report Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2009-11-01

    The 2009 annual update of the Arctic Report Card, issued on 22 October, indicates that “warming of the Arctic continues to be widespread, and in some cases dramatic. Linkages between air, land, sea, and biology are evident.” The report, a collaborative effort of 71 national and international scientists initiated in 2006 by the Climate Program Office of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), highlights several concerns, including a change in large-scale wind patterns affected by the loss of summer sea ice; the replacement of multiyear sea ice by first-year sea ice; warmer and fresher water in the upper ocean linked to new ice-free areas; and the effects of the loss of sea ice on Arctic plant, animal, and fish species. “Climate change is happening faster in the Arctic than any other place on Earth-and with wide-ranging consequences,” said NOAA administrator Jane Lubchenco. “This year“s Arctic Report Card underscores the urgency of reducing greenhouse gas pollution and adapting to climate changes already under way.”

  4. C-cards in Music Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Lyon, Kirstin Catherine

    Music and Computer Science share a dual nature: theory and practice relate in complex ways, and seem to be equally central for learners; for this no standard teaching approach for children has yet emerged in either of these two areas. Computational cards is a tabletop game, where cards act...... as computational elements. Computing machines can be defined, physically built and animated by disposing cards on a table, and moving objectified symbols on top of them, following formal rules. We provide each card with one associated action. The action is performed each time a peg lands on one of the four ports...... of the card; if the action is to generate a sound, then the circuit will effectively became a music machine....

  5. Implementing Temperature Supervision for the ALICE CRU Card Using the Onboard Microcontroller

    CERN Document Server

    Perez Bernabeu, Ruben

    2017-01-01

    We report on the first implementation of the thermal supervisory firmware for the onboard microcontroller on the ALICE CRU card. The Common Readout Unit (CRU) is a custom PCI Express FPGA card developed by “Centre Physique des Particules de Marseille” in collaboration of LHCb and ALICE. While the main effort has been focused on the development of the FPGA firmware that implements all the communication needs, there are several independent design tasks identified to ensure the safe operation of the CRU card under all possible conditions. One such task is to implement a robust local (on-board) temperature monitoring and safeguarding subsystem based on ATmega128 microcontroller. It will autonomously prevent the thermal damage of the card even if the remote HW monitoring and controlling functions (integrated in DCS) failed for any reason. Consequently, our main goal in this project will be implementing the temperature supervision using the onboard microcontroller.

  6. Design, Construction and Testing of the Digital Hadron Calorimeter (DHCAL) Electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Adams, C; Bilki, B; Butler, J; Corriveau, F; Cundiff, T; Drake, G; Francis, K; Guarino, V; Haberichter, B; Hazen, E; Hoff, J; Holm, S; Kreps, A; DeLurgio, P; Monte, L Dal; Mucia, N; Norbeck, E; Northacker, D; Onel, Y; Pollack, B; Repond, J; Schlereth, J; Smith, J R; Trojand, D; Underwood, D; Velasco, M; Walendziak, J; Wood, K; Wu, S; Xia, L; Zhang, Q; Zhao, A

    2016-01-01

    A novel hadron calorimeter is being developed for future lepton colliding beam detectors. The calorimeter is optimized for the application of Particle Flow Algorithms (PFAs) to the measurement of hadronic jets and features a very finely segmented readout with 1 x 1 cm2 cells. The active media of the calorimeter are Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) with a digital, i.e. one-bit, readout. To first order the energy of incident particles in this calorimeter is reconstructed as being proportional to the number of pads with a signal over a given threshold. A large-scale prototype calorimeter with approximately 500,000 readout channels has been built and underwent extensive testing in the Fermilab and CERN test beams. This paper reports on the design, construction, and commissioning of the electronic readout system of this prototype calorimeter. The system is based on the DCAL front-end chip and a VME-based back-end.

  7. 基于身份证识别技术的供电营业厅深化服务系统设计及应用%Design and Application of Enhanced Service System Based on ID Card Identification Technology for Power Supply Service Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文芳; 曹天广

    2016-01-01

    In order to further improve the service level , State Grid Hefei Power Supply Company designs and applies the enhanced service system based on ID card identification technology for power supply serv -ice station .With this system , the power company can discern the legitimacy and effectiveness of the ID card, read and input the customer information automatically , and ID number can be associated with cus-tomer number together .In addition , the power company can form an accurate database of customer infor-mation, improve the service efficiency .Customers can quickly and easily handle many types of services via ID cards.This system has won wide acclaim from customers .%为进一步提升优质服务水平,国网合肥供电公司设计并应用了基于身份证识别技术的供电营业厅深化服务系统。通过该系统,可以辨别身份证的合法性和有效性、自动读取并录入客户信息,同时将身份证号与客户编号相关联,形成了准确的客户信息数据库,提高了服务效率,实现了客户通过身份证即可快速便捷地办理多类业务,赢得了客户的广泛好评。

  8. Toronto Smog Summit Report Card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This 'report card' provides a summary of actions taken, and progress achieved by the federal government, the provincial government and the City of Toronto, respectively, in response to various previous commitments regarding air quality, sustainable transportation, climate and atmospheric research, investing in green infrastructure (federal government), environmental assessment regulations, transboundary air pollution, improved monitoring and reporting regulations. Ratings also cover efforts in imposing emissions caps on the electric industry, emissions reduction trading system, toll-free public air pollution hotline, regulation of ozone depleting substances (provincial government), public education campaign on smog reduction, energy efficiency initiatives, corporate smog alert response plan, and a number of other environmental issues (City of Toronto).

  9. Relativistic Hydrodynamics on Graphic Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Gerhard, Jochen; Bleicher, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    We show how to accelerate relativistic hydrodynamics simulations using graphic cards (graphic processing units, GPUs). These improvements are of highest relevance e.g. to the field of high-energetic nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC and LHC where (ideal and dissipative) relativistic hydrodynamics is used to calculate the evolution of hot and dense QCD matter. The results reported here are based on the Sharp And Smooth Transport Algorithm (SHASTA), which is employed in many hydrodynamical models and hybrid simulation packages, e.g. the Ultrarelativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics model (UrQMD). We have redesigned the SHASTA using the OpenCL computing framework to work on accelerators like graphic processing units (GPUs) as well as on multi-core processors. With the redesign of the algorithm the hydrodynamic calculations have been accelerated by a factor 160 allowing for event-by-event calculations and better statistics in hybrid calculations.

  10. Trasplante cardíaco

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitri Novitzky

    2007-01-01

    En 1985, en el Tampa General Hospital se inició el Programa de Trasplante Cardíaco. Hasta la fecha se realizaron 815 trasplantes en 795 pacientes, 17 de los cuales fueron sometidos a un retrasplante. La sobrevida actuarial al mes es del 94,5%, al año del 87%, a los 3 años alcanza el 81%, a los 5 años el 74% y a los 10 años el 52%.El Medical Review Board se reúne semanalmente para un seguimiento de la presentación de pacientes y la selección de los candidatos adecuados para el programa. Dentro...

  11. Card - Electronic Money. Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Rodica TIRLEA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This type of coin and appeared as a result of the needs for a proper management of the financial resources available in the market, but also to improve the payments system in our country. The card is an alternative to the conventional instruments of payment is a payment instrument with and without cash by means of which the holder disposes of the current account. It is a standardized, secure information and individualized, through which you can perform operations of cash withdrawal, payment for the goods or services purchased, payment obligations by the public administration authorities and funds transfers between accounts, other than those ordered and executed by financial institutions, carried out through the electronic payment instrument.

  12. 基于“银医一卡通”的就诊流程设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Medical Process Based on Bank-hospital One-card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨旋; 顾仕杰

    2015-01-01

    围绕医院挂号就诊环节,重构医疗支付流程,将银行与医院搭建的“银医一卡通”应用平台与杭州市民卡“智慧医疗”平台相结合,改善了病人就医流程,分担了医院收费窗口压力,实现了真正意义上的先诊疗后结算,为医院带来了显著的经济效益和社会效益。%Based on the hospital registration and diagnosing aspects, this article focuses on the reconstruction of medical payment process. It will combine the Bank-medical card application platform which founded by banks and hospitals together with Hangzhou citizen card intelligent medical platform, improve the processes of hospitalizing for the patients, relieve the pressure of hospital charging windows, and implement the real sense of treatment before settlement. The brand-new medical payment process will obviously bring the hospital remarkable economic benefits and positive social impact.

  13. A Solution for Using Social Security Cards as Patient ID Cards and its Implementation%社保卡作为就诊卡使用的解决方案及实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕丽; 刘长兴; 刘国伟

    2015-01-01

    Patients with provincial medical insurance need to apply for a Patient ID (Identiifcation) Card for registration and receiving treatment in each designated hospital. And then the medical fees have to be purchased via their Social Security Cards. As a consequence, one person may hold multiple Patient ID Cards, which causes great inconvenience for patients. In view of this, a solution is designed and put forward in this paper to replace the Patient ID Card with the Social Security Card. Through development of interfaces between Social Security Cards and the HIS (Hospital Information System) and between the HIS and bank transaction, the Social Security Card can also be used as Patient ID Cards. Meanwhile, the remaining amount of money in the nosocomial Patient ID Cards will be automatically transferred to corresponding Social Security Cards.%目前省直医保患者到不同定点医院就医,均需办理各个医院的就诊卡方可挂号、就诊,然后再使用社会保障卡进行费用结算,造成一人多卡,不利于管理和方便就医。为解决这一问题,本文设计了社保卡作为医院就诊卡使用的解决方案,开发了社保卡与医院信息系统(HIS)的接口、HIS与银行交易的接口,实现了社保卡同时具有社保卡和院内就诊卡两种功能,并且原院内就诊卡余额也自动转到社保卡中。

  14. Optical Verification Laboratory Demonstration System for High Security Identification Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javidi, Bahram

    1997-01-01

    Document fraud including unauthorized duplication of identification cards and credit cards is a serious problem facing the government, banks, businesses, and consumers. In addition, counterfeit products such as computer chips, and compact discs, are arriving on our shores in great numbers. With the rapid advances in computers, CCD technology, image processing hardware and software, printers, scanners, and copiers, it is becoming increasingly easy to reproduce pictures, logos, symbols, paper currency, or patterns. These problems have stimulated an interest in research, development and publications in security technology. Some ID cards, credit cards and passports currently use holograms as a security measure to thwart copying. The holograms are inspected by the human eye. In theory, the hologram cannot be reproduced by an unauthorized person using commercially-available optical components; in practice, however, technology has advanced to the point where the holographic image can be acquired from a credit card-photographed or captured with by a CCD camera-and a new hologram synthesized using commercially-available optical components or hologram-producing equipment. Therefore, a pattern that can be read by a conventional light source and a CCD camera can be reproduced. An optical security and anti-copying device that provides significant security improvements over existing security technology was demonstrated. The system can be applied for security verification of credit cards, passports, and other IDs so that they cannot easily be reproduced. We have used a new scheme of complex phase/amplitude patterns that cannot be seen and cannot be copied by an intensity-sensitive detector such as a CCD camera. A random phase mask is bonded to a primary identification pattern which could also be phase encoded. The pattern could be a fingerprint, a picture of a face, or a signature. The proposed optical processing device is designed to identify both the random phase mask and the

  15. Insuficiencia cardíaca y diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Thierer

    2006-01-01

    La prevalencia de la insuficiencia cardíaca y la diabetes continúa creciendo. Ambas están fuertemente asociadas. La diabetes es un fuerte predictor de aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca. Las razones son la presencia de enfermedad coronaria y los trastornos metabólicos vinculados con la resistencia a la insulina que generan disfunción contráctil. Los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca que son diabéticos tienen peor evolución. Los Betabloqueantes, vasodilatadores y los inhibidores de la en...

  16. PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    Reminder The period of validity of CERN cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards. Relations with the Host States Service http://www.cern.ch/relations/ Tel. 72848

  17. Loyalty Card Promotional Activity in Budget Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Teng, Fei

    2010-01-01

    Loyalty card is one of the most commonly used promotional activities in business. Thus far, there are some research has been done on luxury hotel, but very few researches are on budget hotel. So, the purpose of the thesis is finding out the Swedish customers’ attitude and behavior towards budget hotel’s loyalty card; getting to know what factors influence Swedish customers’ response towards the loyalty card and budget hotels. In the thesis, the main research problem is “How do Swedish custome...

  18. SD card projects using the PIC microcontroller

    CERN Document Server

    Ibrahim, Dogan

    2010-01-01

    PIC Microcontrollers are a favorite in industry and with hobbyists. These microcontrollers are versatile, simple, and low cost making them perfect for many different applications. The 8-bit PIC is widely used in consumer electronic goods, office automation, and personal projects. Author, Dogan Ibrahim, author of several PIC books has now written a book using the PIC18 family of microcontrollers to create projects with SD cards. This book is ideal for those practicing engineers, advanced students, and PIC enthusiasts that want to incorporate SD Cards into their devices. SD cards are che

  19. Student ID Cards: What You Should Know About Them

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Jonathan; McGuire, Agnes C.

    1973-01-01

    Discusses the usefulness of photo ID cards for school security purposes, library control, student activities, and bus transportation control. Examines ways in which card costs can be reduced and the pros and cons of producing the cards at the school or of letting the work out. Problems involving card abuse and student rights are also considered.…

  20. Thermal transfer structures coupling electronics card(s) to coolant-cooled structure(s)

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Milnes P; Graybill, David P; Iyengar, Madhusudan K; Kamath, Vinod; Kochuparambil, Bejoy J; Parida, Pritish R; Schmidt, Roger R

    2014-12-16

    Cooling apparatuses and coolant-cooled electronic systems are provided which include thermal transfer structures configured to engage with a spring force one or more electronics cards with docking of the electronics card(s) within a respective socket(s) of the electronic system. A thermal transfer structure of the cooling apparatus includes a thermal spreader having a first thermal conduction surface, and a thermally conductive spring assembly coupled to the conduction surface of the thermal spreader and positioned and configured to reside between and physically couple a first surface of an electronics card to the first surface of the thermal spreader with docking of the electronics card within a socket of the electronic system. The thermal transfer structure is, in one embodiment, metallurgically bonded to a coolant-cooled structure and facilitates transfer of heat from the electronics card to coolant flowing through the coolant-cooled structure.

  1. Carded Tow Real-Time Color Assessment: A Spectral Camera-Based System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furferi, Rocco; Governi, Lapo; Volpe, Yary; Carfagni, Monica

    2016-08-31

    One of the most important parameters to be controlled during the production of textile yarns obtained by mixing pre-colored fibers, is the color correspondence between the manufactured yarn and a given reference, usually provided by a designer or a customer. Obtaining yarns from raw pre-colored fibers is a complex manufacturing process entailing a number of steps such as laboratory sampling, color recipe corrections, blowing, carding and spinning. Carding process is the one devoted to transform a "fuzzy mass" of tufted fibers into a regular mass of untwisted fibers, named "tow". During this process, unfortunately, the correspondence between the color of the tow and the target one cannot be assured, thus leading to yarns whose color differs from the one used for reference. To solve this issue, the main aim of this work is to provide a system able to perform a spectral camera-based real-time measurement of a carded tow, to assess its color correspondence with a reference carded fabric and, at the same time, to monitor the overall quality of the tow during the carding process. Tested against a number of differently colored carded fabrics, the proposed system proved its effectiveness in reliably assessing color correspondence in real-time.

  2. Carded Tow Real-Time Color Assessment: A Spectral Camera-Based System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocco Furferi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important parameters to be controlled during the production of textile yarns obtained by mixing pre-colored fibers, is the color correspondence between the manufactured yarn and a given reference, usually provided by a designer or a customer. Obtaining yarns from raw pre-colored fibers is a complex manufacturing process entailing a number of steps such as laboratory sampling, color recipe corrections, blowing, carding and spinning. Carding process is the one devoted to transform a “fuzzy mass” of tufted fibers into a regular mass of untwisted fibers, named “tow”. During this process, unfortunately, the correspondence between the color of the tow and the target one cannot be assured, thus leading to yarns whose color differs from the one used for reference. To solve this issue, the main aim of this work is to provide a system able to perform a spectral camera-based real-time measurement of a carded tow, to assess its color correspondence with a reference carded fabric and, at the same time, to monitor the overall quality of the tow during the carding process. Tested against a number of differently colored carded fabrics, the proposed system proved its effectiveness in reliably assessing color correspondence in real-time.

  3. Carded Tow Real-Time Color Assessment: A Spectral Camera-Based System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furferi, Rocco; Governi, Lapo; Volpe, Yary; Carfagni, Monica

    2016-01-01

    One of the most important parameters to be controlled during the production of textile yarns obtained by mixing pre-colored fibers, is the color correspondence between the manufactured yarn and a given reference, usually provided by a designer or a customer. Obtaining yarns from raw pre-colored fibers is a complex manufacturing process entailing a number of steps such as laboratory sampling, color recipe corrections, blowing, carding and spinning. Carding process is the one devoted to transform a “fuzzy mass” of tufted fibers into a regular mass of untwisted fibers, named “tow”. During this process, unfortunately, the correspondence between the color of the tow and the target one cannot be assured, thus leading to yarns whose color differs from the one used for reference. To solve this issue, the main aim of this work is to provide a system able to perform a spectral camera-based real-time measurement of a carded tow, to assess its color correspondence with a reference carded fabric and, at the same time, to monitor the overall quality of the tow during the carding process. Tested against a number of differently colored carded fabrics, the proposed system proved its effectiveness in reliably assessing color correspondence in real-time. PMID:27589765

  4. Cellular vacuoles induced by Mycoplasma pneumoniae CARDS toxin originate from Rab9-associated compartments.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coreen Johnson

    Full Text Available Recently, we identified an ADP-ribosylating and vacuolating cytotoxin in Mycoplasma pneumoniae designated Community Acquired Respiratory Distress Syndrome (CARDS toxin. In this study we show that vacuoles induced by recombinant CARDS (rCARDS toxin are acidic and derive from the endocytic pathway as determined by the uptake of neutral red and the fluid-phase marker, Lucifer yellow, respectively. Also, we demonstrate that the formation of rCARDS toxin-associated cytoplasmic vacuoles is inhibited by the vacuolar ATPase inhibitor, bafilomycin A1, and the ionophore, monensin. To examine the ontogeny of these vacuoles, we analyzed the distribution of endosomal and lysosomal membrane markers during vacuole formation and observed the enrichment of the late endosomal GTPase, Rab9, around rCARDS toxin-induced vacuoles. Immunogold-labeled Rab9 and overexpression of green fluorescent-tagged Rab9 further confirmed vacuolar association. The late endosomal- and lysosomal-associated membrane proteins, LAMP1 and LAMP2, also localized to the vacuolar membranes, while the late endosomal protein, Rab7, and early endosomal markers, Rab5 and EEA1, were excluded. HeLa cells expressing dominant-negative (DN Rab9 exhibited markedly reduced vacuole formation in the presence of rCARDS toxin, in contrast to cells expressing DN-Rab7, highlighting the importance of Rab9 function in rCARDS toxin-induced vacuolation. Our findings reveal the unique Rab9-association with rCARDS toxin-induced vacuoles and its possible relationship to the characteristic histopathology that accompanies M. pneumoniae infection.

  5. 基于遗传算法的茶叶理条机参数优化设计%Optimization Design of Tea Carding Machine Parameters Based on Genetic Algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小勇; 李兵; 曾晨; 李尚庆

    2016-01-01

    To reduce noise and vibration in working process, improve transmission performance of the machine and tea processing quality, genetic algorithms and Matlab toolbox were used to establish an optimal mathematical model of the planetary gear mechanism of the tea carding machine. The objective function and constraints were firstly set, the optimal parameters were calculated by matlab genetic algorithm toolbox and then verified by validation tests. The optimization results showed that the minimum transmission angle , working stroke , Polar angle were 71.1°, 122 mm and 3.6°, respectively. When tea carding machine was performed under optimal parameters, the noise decreased by 2 dB and the stripping tea rate increased by 2%. The study has significant importance for improving performance of tea carding machine and extending machine life.%为了降低茶叶理条机在工作过程中的噪音与振动,提高机器的传动性能与茶叶的加工质量,运用遗传算法和 Matlab 工具箱,建立理条机传动机构的参数优化数学模型,编制目标函数与约束条件,然后通过Matlab 遗传算法工具箱对参数进行优化计算并进行验证试验。优化后各参数为:理条机最小传动角为71.1°,工作行程为122 mm;极位夹角为3.6°,在优化参数下,噪音减低2 dB,茶叶成条率提高了2%。该研究为提高茶叶理条机的工作性能与延长机器的使用寿命具有重要意义。

  6. CREDIT CARD OWNERSHIP AND DEBT STATUS IN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    YIING JIA LOKE; Yen, Steven T; Andrew K.G. Tan

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the role of socio-demographic and credit consumption tendencies in affecting credit card ownership and debt status. Based on a sample of 938 individuals from three major cities in Malaysia, card holders' debt status is measured in relation to credit card expenditure, which in turn is categorized into convenience users, low-risk credit revolvers and high-risk credit revolvers. While socio-demographic factors play significant roles in determining card ownership, card holders...

  7. Analysis of OPACITY and PLAID Protocols for Contactless Smart Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    of contactless technologies, such as RFID . Contactless smart cards contain a re-writable smart card microchip that is used to read or write via...technology: comparing and contrasting rfid and rf-enabled smart cards ,” [6] P. Oswal and M. Foong, “ RFID vs contactless smart cards - an unending debate...AND PLAID PROTOCOLS FOR CONTACTLESS SMART CARDS by Koh Ho Kiat Lee Yong Run September 2012 Thesis Co-Advisors

  8. Smart Card Identification Management Over A Distributed Database Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olatubosun Olabode

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: An effective national identification system is a necessity in any national government for the proper implementation and execution of its governmental policies and duties. Approach: Such data can be held in a database relation in a distributed database environment. Till date, The Nigerian government is yet to have an effective and efficient National Identification Management System despite the huge among of money expended on the project. Results: This article presents a Smart Card Identification Management System over a Distributed Database Model. The model was implemented using a client/server architecture between a server and multiple clients. The programmable smart card to store identification detail, including the biometric feature was proposed. Among many other variables stored in the smart card includes individual information on personal identification number, gender, date of birth, place of birth, place of residence, citizenship, continuously updated information on vital status and the identity of parents and spouses. Conclusion/Recommendations: A conceptualization of the database structures and architecture of the distributed database model is presented. The designed distributed database model was intended to solve the lingering problems associated with multiple identification in a society.

  9. 75 FR 55392 - Employment Network Report Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Employment Network Report Card AGENCY: Social Security Administration (SSA). ACTION: Notice of Webinar and National Teleconference Call listening sessions--announcing two opportunities for SSA to...

  10. Credit: Educational Loans, Money Management, Credit Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nation's Schools and Colleges, 1974

    1974-01-01

    Brief notes discuss current developments such as a bank loan program for parents with university-age children; a high school student-run credit union; and charging education fees with credit cards. (JF)

  11. Notification: Purchase Card and Convenience Check Audit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Project #OA-FY13-0116, April 11, 2013. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Inspector General, is beginning the fieldwork phase of its audit of the agency’s purchase card and convenience check programs.

  12. Card Sorts, State Tests, and Meaningful Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauvot, Jennifer B.; Benson, Sharon L. D.

    2008-01-01

    This article shares card-sorting activities that involve state-mandated test items to use with prospective and practicing mathematics teachers to teach about accountability measures while exploring reform-minded mathematics instruction recommendations. (Contains 2 figures.)

  13. Population Genetics Simulated with Playing Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, P. T. P.

    1975-01-01

    Describes how to use playing cards as simulators to demonstrate several aspects of allelism and allele frequency in a gene pool. They provide an "unexpected" result, promote group discussion and may stimulate students to devise variations for comparison. (BR)

  14. FRENCH CARDS - NEW PROCEDURE FOR INITIAL APPLICATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division would like to remind members of personnel that they are obliged to submit an application form for a French card as soon as they have a permanent address in either Switzerland or in France and they are actually living there. Following the rationalization of our administrative procedures, as of October 1st, 2002, the initial application procedure for a French card will now be as follows: The member of personnel should complete an application form. If necessary, an application form must also be completed for family members. These forms must then be transferred via e-mail to the appropriate Divisional Administrative Officer (DAO) who will forward them to the Cards Service. In parallel, the member of personnel should submit the necessary supporting documents to the Cards Service. The application form (Word format only), the procedural details, the necessary supporting documents as well as the conditions of issue are available here.   Human Resources Division Tel. 74469

  15. Credit cards: weapons for domestic violence

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kim, Christine

    2015-01-01

      "15 Although debt is not a recent invention,16 over the past twenty years, credit cards and other consumer products have become easier to obtain, making coerced debt a more viable instrument for abusers...

  16. Test-retest reliability of the Saladin card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbett, Amanda; Maples, W C

    2004-10-01

    Test-retest reliability is a measure of the confidence that results will be identical when the same patient is measured with an instrument in the same manner on more than one occasion. Using the Saladin Near Point Balance Card--an instrument designed to test various near visual findings, including visual acuity, phorias, AC/A ratios, dynamic retinoscopy, fixation disparity, associated phorias, fixation disparity curves, as well as accommodative and vergence facilities--28 first- and second-year optometry students were evaluated on two occasions by one clinician, with the tests separated by approximately two weeks. Subjects were required to demonstrate 20/20 distance visual acuity and at least 100 sec of arc stereopsis. A total of 38 findings were compared, which included near horizontal and vertical phorias, associated phoria, and fixation disparity curves. Twenty-two findings were performed through the subjects' habitual prescription and the remaining findings were taken through the lens indicated by MEM retinoscopy. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the Saladin Near Point Balance Card had acceptable test-retest reliability. If reliability can be demonstrated, this instrument could be used in clinical situations to diagnose visual departures from normal. All but two of the 38 tests performed demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability. Coefficients of repeatability and 95% limits of agreement were calculated. The Saladin Near Point Balance Card demonstrated acceptable test-retest reliability. Since it is light-weight, portable, easily and quickly administered, and reliable, the Saladin card can be used by clinicians who are performing screenings or examinations in non-clinical situations, such as nursing homes or schools.

  17. Use score card to boost quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-10-01

    Keeping a score card can identify problem areas and track improvements. When specific goals are reached, staff are given rewards such as thank-you letters, tokens, or pizza parties. Staff are kept informed about the results of the score card through bulletin board postings, staff meetings, and the hospital Intranet. Data are collected with manual entry by nursing staff, chart review by performance improvement, and a computerized program.

  18. Prototype ALICE front-end card

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    This circuit board is a prototype 48-channel front end digitizer card for the ALICE time projection chamber (TPC), which takes electrical signals from the wire sensors in the TPC and shapes the data before converting the analogue signal to digital data. A total of 4356 cards will be required to process the data from the ALICE TPC, the largest of this type of detector in the world.

  19. Médicarte software developed for the Quebec microprocessor health card project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, G; Tremblay, L; Durant, P; Papillon, M J; Bérubé, J; Fortin, J P

    1995-01-01

    software was developed for each of the four groups of health care providers involved. In addition we designed an application to interface with existing pharmaceutical software. For practical reasons and to make it possible to differentiate between the different access profiles, the information stored on the card is divided in several blocks: Identification, Emergency, History (personal and family), Screening Tests, Vaccinations, Drug Profile, General follow-up, and some Specific follow-ups (Pregnancy, Ophthalmology, Kidney failure, Cardiology, Pediatrics, Diabetes, Pneumology, Specific parameters). Over 14,000 diagnoses and symptoms are classified with four levels of precision, the codification being based on the ICPC (International Classification for Primary Care). The software contains different applications to assist the clinician in decision making. A "Drug Advisor" helps the prescriber by detecting possible interactions between drugs, giving indications (doses) and contraindications, cautions, potential side-effects and therapeutic alternatives. There is also a prevention module providing recommendations for vaccination and periodic examinations based on the patient's age and sex. The pharmaceutical, vaccination, and screening tests data banks are updated every six months. These sections of the software are accessible to access card holders at any times, even without a patient card, and constitute in themselves an interesting clinical tool. We developed a software server (SCAM) allowing the different applications to access the data in a memory card regardless of the type of memory card used. Using a single high level command language, this server provides a standardized utilization of memory cards from various manufacturers. It ensures the compatibility of the applications using the card as a storage medium. (abstract truncated)

  20. Comprehensive aerological reference data set (CARDS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eskridge, R.E.; Polansky, A.C.; Alduchov, O.A. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Asheville, NC (United States). National Climatic Data Center] [and others

    1997-11-01

    The possibility of anthropogenic climate change has reached the attention of Government officials and researchers. However, one cannot study climate change without climate data. The CARDS project will produce high-quality upper-air data for the research community and for policy-makers. The authors intend to produce a dataset which is: easy to use, as complete as possible, as free of random errors as possible. They will also attempt to identify biases and remove them whenever possible. In this report, they relate progress toward their goal. They created a robust new format for archiving upper-air data, and designed a relational database structure to hold them. The authors have converted 13 datasets to the new format and have archived over 10,000,000 individual soundings from 10 separate data sources. They produce and archive a metadata summary of each sounding they load. They have researched station histories, and have built a preliminary upper-air station history database. They have converted station-sorted data from their primary database into synoptic-sorted data in a parallel database. They have tested and will soon implement an advanced quality-control procedure, capable of detecting and often repairing errors in geopotential height, temperature, humidity, and wind. This unique quality-control method uses simultaneous vertical, horizontal, and temporal checks of several meteorological variables. It can detect errors other methods cannot.

  1. "InFection Four": Development of a Youth-Informed Sexual Health Card Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilliam, Melissa; Jagoda, Patrick; Heathcock, Stephen; Sutherland, Ainsley

    2014-01-01

    Games may be useful tools for learning and communicating about sexual and reproductive health. This article discusses the collaborative design and subsequent evaluation of a narrative-based card game. This game was created in a workshop based on positive youth development, which allowed youth to be involved as game designers and game players.…

  2. "InFection Four": Development of a Youth-Informed Sexual Health Card Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilliam, Melissa; Jagoda, Patrick; Heathcock, Stephen; Sutherland, Ainsley

    2014-01-01

    Games may be useful tools for learning and communicating about sexual and reproductive health. This article discusses the collaborative design and subsequent evaluation of a narrative-based card game. This game was created in a workshop based on positive youth development, which allowed youth to be involved as game designers and game players.…

  3. Trasplante cardíaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitri Novitzky

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En 1985, en el Tampa General Hospital se inició el Programa de Trasplante Cardíaco. Hasta la fecha se realizaron 815 trasplantes en 795 pacientes, 17 de los cuales fueron sometidos a un retrasplante. La sobrevida actuarial al mes es del 94,5%, al año del 87%, a los 3 años alcanza el 81%, a los 5 años el 74% y a los 10 años el 52%.El Medical Review Board se reúne semanalmente para un seguimiento de la presentación de pacientes y la selección de los candidatos adecuados para el programa. Dentro de las varias Organ Procurement Organizations of the Region, la institución de terapia hormonal para el donante y el receptor está ampliamente aceptada. En el Tampa General Hospital también se le administra levotiroxina al receptor, en la sala de operaciones y en la sala de cuidados intensivos en la situación de un bajo volumen minuto. La mayoría de los trasplantes se efectúan en pacientes con estado 1A o 1B. La inmunosupresión es indicada por especialistas cardiólogos, lo mismo que la realización de la biopsia endomiocárdica con el fin de ajustar la medicación inmunosupresora. En esta revisión se presentan los resultados generales del programa, la selección de pacientes, los procedimientos quirúrgicos, la inmunosupresión y la asistencia que requieren los ventrículos

  4. Magic cards: a new augmented-reality approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demuynck, Olivier; Menendez, José Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Augmented reality (AR) commonly uses markers for detection and tracking. Such multimedia applications associate each marker with a virtual 3D model stored in the memory of the camera-equipped device running the application. Application users are limited in their interactions, which require knowing how to design and program 3D objects. This generally prevents them from developing their own entertainment AR applications. The Magic Cards application solves this problem by offering an easy way to create and manage an unlimited number of virtual objects that are encoded on special markers.

  5. FRENCH CARDS - NEW PROCEDURE FOR INITIAL APPLICATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division would like to remind members of personnel that they are obliged to submit an application form for a French card as soon as they have a permanent address in either Switzerland or in France and they are actually living there. Following the rationalization of our administrative procedures, as of October 1st, 2002, the initial application procedure for a French card will now be as follows: The member of personnel should complete an application form. If necessary, an application form must also be completed for family members. These forms must then be transferred via e-mail to the appropriate Divisional Administrative Officer (DAO) who will forward them to the Cards Service. In parallel, the member of personnel should submit the necessary supporting documents to the Cards Service. Users are requested to apply for a French card through the Users Office. The application form (Word format only), the procedural details, the necessary supporting documents as well as the conditions of issue a...

  6. 基于PCI9118数据采集卡的车削力测量系统设计%The Design of the Cutting Force Measuring System Based on PCI 9118 Data Acquisition Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭浩泽

    2015-01-01

    采用基于应变片式测力仪、PCI9118数据采集卡及Visual Basic编程语言的车削力测量系统,实现了对采集来的切削数据的向间标定系数的基于一元线性回归方程的计算,并分析了数据的相关性;通过实际加工测量,利用标定系数得到了实际切削力的大小,求出了3个方向的关于进给量和背吃刀量的切削力经验公式,为车削加工提供了参考数据。%By using the cutting force measuring system based on strain gage type cutting dynamometer, PCI 9118 data acquisition card and Visual Basic programming language, this paper realizes the monadic linear regression equation based calculation of the interphase calibration coefficient of the collected cutting data, and analyzes the correlation of the data, and th ough the actual processing measurement, obtains the size of the actual cutting force by using the calibration coefficient, establishes the cutting force experience formulas of the cutting feed and back cutting depth on the three directions,providing the reference data for the lathe work.

  7. An observational study assessing completion time and accuracy of completing the tactical combat casualty care card by combat medic trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Therien, Sean P; Andrews, James E; Nesbitt, Michael E; Mabry, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Prehospital care documentation is crucial to improving battlefield care outcomes. Developed by United States Army Ranger Special Operations Combat Medics (SOCMs), the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is currently fielded to deployed units to record prehospital injury data. This study documents length of time and accuracy of U.S. Army Combat Medic trainees in completing the minimum preestablished required fields on the TCCC card, establishing a baseline for point-of-injury cards. This was a prospective observational study in which U.S. Army combat medic trainees were timed while recording data on the TCCC card in both the classroom and simulated combat environment. We hypothesized that trainees could complete the TCCC card in less than 1 minute with 90% or greater accuracy. We enrolled 728 U.S. Army Combat Medic trainees in the study during May?June 2011 at Fort Sam Houston, TX. We observed an average TCCC card completion time of less than 1 minute with greater than 90% accuracy in the unstressed classroom environment but an increase to nearly 2 minutes on average and a decrease to 85% accuracy in the simulated combat environment. RESULTS imply that the TCCC card is well designed to quickly and accurately record prehospital combat injury information. Further investigation and future studies may compare other prehospital data collection methods with the TCCC card in terms of timely and accurate data collection. 2014.

  8. CRC-cards for Product Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvam, Lars; Riis, Jesper; Hansen, Benjamin Loer

    2003-01-01

    , transportation, service and decommissioning. A main challenge when building product models is to collect and document the product related data, information and knowledge in a structured way. CRC cards are index cards (or computerized versions of these) which are used to record proposed classes, the behavior......This paper describes the CRC (class, responsibility, collaboration) modelling process for building product models. A product model is normally represented in an IT system which contains data, information and knowledge on industrial products and their life cycle properties e.g. manufacturing...... of the classes, their responsibilities, and their relationship to other classes (collaboration). CRC modelling gives an effective, low-tech method for domain-experts, programmers and users to work closely together to identify, structure, understand and document a product model. CRC cards were originally...

  9. Trasplante cardíaco Heart transplant

    OpenAIRE

    M. Ubilla; Mastrobuoni, S.; A. Martín Arnau; Cordero, A; E. Alegría; J. J. Gavira; M. J. Iribarren; T. Rodríguez-Fernández; Herreros, J; Rábago, G

    2006-01-01

    El trasplante cardíaco es considerado actualmente como el tratamiento de elección en la insuficiencia cardíaca terminal refractaria a tratamiento médico o quirúrgico. Debido a factores como la mayor esperanza de vida de la población y el manejo más eficaz de los síndromes coronarios agudos, cada vez hay un número mayor de personas que padecen fallo cardíaco. Se estima que la prevalencia de la enfermedad en países desarrollados está en torno al 1%; de éstos, un 10% está en una etapa avanzada y...

  10. Barber's Point, Oahu, Hawaii Drift Card Study 2002-2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Drift cards were be released from Barber's Point, Oahu, approximately once a month during the two year span to get an idea of the distribution of card drift under...

  11. Credit and Debit Card Usage and Cash Flow Management Control ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    understanding on the impact of use of debit and credit cards on customers‟ ... credit cards in developing countries which are yet to advance in technology. ... Their study attributed the expectations of future financial positions as a major.

  12. Consumers' use of and satisfaction with store cards

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Credit is fast replacing cash and personal cheques amongst contemporary ... Factors that may influence consumers to adopt store cards .... cards impairs the intelligent choice of consumer goods and services ...... Food service organizations.

  13. RENEWAL OF CRIMINAL LAW AGAINST ABUSE OF CREDIT CARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Nugraha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The use of credit cards for payment in lieu of cash since the introduction of the first credit card ever more widely known and used by people.   On the early introduction of this credit card, the wearer is limited to certain circles. However, a few decades later the credit card industry primarily enter the end of the Decade of the 1970s, has penetrated almost throughout all parts of the world, including Indonesia.   A credit card is issued by most commonly used by the public and apply the current International consists of a range of brands, among others, a very popular one is Visa and Master Card are each issued by the credit card company international and Master Card International.In practice many found the works in banking that may be subject to sanctions as set forth in the book of the law of criminal law (Criminal Code.

  14. Entendiendo la insuficiencia cardíaca

    OpenAIRE

    Guadalajara Boo,José Fernando

    2006-01-01

    La insuficiencia cardíaca es una enfermedad de la que existen múltiples definiciones y el concepto es adoptado en forma arbitraria por cada autor, de tal manera que la terminología es tan confusa actualmente que los autores de los megaestudios en el tratamiento médico de insuficiencia cardíaca, evitan denominar así a la enfermedad que van a tratar y sólo se concretan a indicar que la fracción de expulsión es < de 40 o de 35%. En este escrito, el objetivo es el denominar puntualmente los conce...

  15. Entendiendo la insuficiencia cardíaca

    OpenAIRE

    Guadalajara Boo,José Fernando

    2006-01-01

    La insuficiencia cardíaca es una enfermedad de la que existen múltiples definiciones y el concepto es adoptado en forma arbitraria por cada autor, de tal manera que la terminología es tan confusa actualmente que los autores de los megaestudios en el tratamiento médico de insuficiencia cardíaca, evitan denominar así a la enfermedad que van a tratar y sólo se concretan a indicar que la fracción de expulsión es < de 40 o de 35%. En este escrito, el objetivo es el denominar puntualmente los conce...

  16. PCI Based Read-out Receiver Card in the ALICE DAQ System

    CERN Document Server

    Carena, W; Dénes, E; Divià, R; Schossmaier, K; Soós, C; Sulyán, J; Vascotto, Alessandro; Van de Vyvre, P

    2001-01-01

    The Detector Data Link (DDL) is the high-speed optical link for the ALICE experiment. This link shall transfer the data coming from the detectors at 100 MB/s rate. The main components of the link have been developed: the destination Interface Unit (DIU), the Source Interface Unit (SIU) and the Read-out Receiver Card (RORC). The first RORC version is based on the VME bus. The performance tests show that the maximum VME bandwidth could be reached. Meanwhile the PCI bus became very popular and is used in many platforms. The development of a PCI-based version has been started. The document describes the prototype version in three sections. An overview explains the main purpose of the card: to provide an interface between the DDL and the PCI bus. Acting as a 32bit/33MHz PCI master the card is able to write or read directly to or from the system memory from or to the DDL, respectively. Beside these functions the card can also be used as an autonomous data generator. The card has been designed to be well adapted to ...

  17. Development of a personal electronic health record card in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybynok, V O; Kyriacou, P A; Binnersley, J; Woodcock, A

    2010-01-01

    In most emergency situations, health professionals rely on patients to provide information about their medical history. However, in some cases patients might not be able to communicate this information, and in most countries, including the UK an on-line integrated patient record system has not been adopted. Therefore, in order to address this issue the ongoing project MyCare Card (MyC(2), www.myc2.org) has been established. The aim of this project is to design, implement and evaluate a prototype patient held electronic health record card. One of the tasks involved in the project was to develop a Graphical User Interface (GUI) software, which provides access to the data stored on the card. The requirements for this software had to be established via questionnaire surveys and end user evaluations, conducted simultaneously with the software development. This paper is addressing development of the MyCare Card GUI software. It also overviews the hardware and open-source software solutions selected for the MyCare Card implementation.

  18. How report cards on physicians, physician groups, and hospitals can have greater impact on consumer choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinaiko, Anna D; Eastman, Diana; Rosenthal, Meredith B

    2012-03-01

    Public report cards with quality and cost information on physicians, physician groups, and hospital providers have proliferated in recent years. However, many of these report cards are difficult for consumers to interpret and have had little impact on the provider choices consumers are making. To gain a more focused understanding of why these reports cards have not been more successful and what improvements could be made, we interviewed experts and surveyed registrants at the March 2011 AHRQ National Summit on Public Reporting for Consumers in Health Care. We found broad agreement that public reporting has been disconnected from consumer decisions about providers because of weaknesses in report card content, design, and accessibility. Policy makers have an opportunity to change the landscape of public reporting by taking advantage of advances in measurement, data collection, and information technology to deliver a more consumer-centered report card. Overcoming the constraint of limited public funding, and achieving the acceptance of providers, is critical to realizing future success.

  19. The Multidimensional Card Selection Task: A new way to measure concurrent cognitive flexibility in preschoolers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podjarny, Gal; Kamawar, Deepthi; Andrews, Katherine

    2017-07-01

    Most executive function research examining preschoolers' cognitive flexibility, the ability to think about something in more than one way, has focused on preschoolers' facility for sequentially switching their attention from one dimension to another (e.g., sorting bivalent cards first by color and then by shape). We know very little about preschoolers' ability to coordinate more than one dimension simultaneously (concurrent cognitive flexibility). Here we report on a new task, the Multidimensional Card Selection Task, which was designed to measure children's ability to consider two dimensions, and then three dimensions, concurrently (e.g., shape and size, and then shape, size, and color). More than half of the preschoolers in our sample of 107 (50 3-year-olds and 57 4-year-olds) could coordinate three dimensions simultaneously and consistently across three test trials. Furthermore, performance on the Multidimensional Card Selection Task was related, but not identical, to performance on other cognitive tasks, including a widely used measure of switching cognitive flexibility (the Dimensional Change Card Sort). The Multidimensional Card Selection Task provides a new way to measure concurrent cognitive flexibility in preschoolers, and opens another avenue for exploring the emergence of early cognitive flexibility development. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. CARDHOLDERS' ATTITUDE AND BANK CREDIT CARD USAGE IN MALAYSIA: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aizzat Mohd. Nasurdin

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The study is aimed at validating attributes that influence the differences in attitudes among active and inactive cardholders. By focusing on relevant attributes that have been identified, it is believed that credit card issuing banks can position themselves effectively via their marketing strategies to activate their existing cardholders' usage rate as well as to attract new active cardholders. Thirteen important attributes were used to measure credit cardholders' attitude. These attributes include acceptance level, credit limit, interest-free repayment period, annual fee, application approval period, ancillary functions, handling of cardholders' complaints, issuing bank image, gift/bonus to new applicants, card design, leaflet to describe the card,and advertising by the issuing bank. Acceptance level, credit limit, interest free repayment period, ancillary functions, handling of cardholders' complaints, bank image, and bank advertising were found to be the most important attributes that influenced cardholders' attitudes in distinguishing active from inactive cardholders. Based on the results of the study, several suggestions are forwarded to credit card issuing banks as a step to stimulate credit cardholders' usage level. Among these are to work closer with various retailers to promote the credit card payment mode, to provide adequate credit limit to cardholders, to extend interest free repayment period from 20 days to 30 days, to implement strategic alliances with firms involved in travelling, entertainment, insurance, and telecommunications and, to advertise more so as to create a brand name for the issuing bank.

  1. Racionalidade e métodos: estudo BREATHE - I registro brasileiro de insuficiência cardíaca Rationale and design: BREATHE registry - I brazilian registry of heart failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Diversos registros locais buscam de forma isolada retratar características clínicas de pacientes internados com Insuficiência Cardíaca (IC em hospitais e comunidades brasileiras. De forma geral, a análise desses dados sugere que existam diferenças importantes na etiologia, nos fatores de descompensação, no tratamento e no prognóstico de pacientes com IC nas diferentes regiões brasileiras. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar as características demográficas, clínicas, prognósticas de 1.200 pacientes admitidos com diagnóstico clínico de insuficiência cardíaca descompensada em um grupo de 60 hospitais representativos das diferentes regiões brasileiras. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional transversal (registro com seguimento longitudinal de doze meses (visitas de admissão, alta hospitalar, três meses, seis meses e doze meses após inclusão, em que pacientes admitidos em hospitais da rede pública e privada com quadro clínico primariamente de IC definida serão estudados. RESULTADOS: Os resultados serão apresentados logo após o término da coleta, avaliação da qualidade e análise estatística dos dados. CONCLUSÕES: A análise dos resultados deste registro multicêntrico permitirá um planejamento mais adequado do aporte de recursos financeiros, pessoais e tecnológicos para a área da saúde, bem como o planejamento de medidas preventivas mais eficazes na IC descompensada.BACKGROUND: Several local registries have sought to individually depict clinical characteristics of patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF in Brazilian hospitals and communities. Overall, the analysis of these data suggests that there are important differences in etiology, decompensation factors, treatment and prognosis of patients with HF in different Brazilian regions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the demographic, clinical and prognostic characteristics of 1,200 patients admitted with a clinical diagnosis of decompensated HF in a group of 60 hospitals

  2. Comparison of the performance and security of free and open source smart card offcard APIs

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Chifura, A

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available for correspondence: TEL/FAX 0406022464 Conference Topic: Network Services Sub Topics: E-Commerce, Web services Abstract The increase in internet connectivity has created new avenues for smart cards to be used as identity tokens in distributed on... web based smart card applications. References [1] Eric Rocco, “The Internet and Service Delivery: Great Expectations”, available from. http:// www.culpepper.com/eBulletin/1996/153rocco.asp [2] Nicole Shillington & Travers Waker, “The design...

  3. Sample Development on Java Smart-Card Electronic Wallet Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Cristian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, are highlighted concepts as: complete Java card application, life cycle of an applet, and a practical electronic wallet sample implemented in Java card technology. As a practical approach it would be interesting building applets for ID, Driving License, Health-Insurance smart cards, for encrypt and digitally sign documents, for E-Commerce and for accessing critical resources in government and military field. The end of this article it is presented a java card electronic wallet application.

  4. Card sorting to evaluate the robustness of the information architecture of a protocol website

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wentzel, J.; Müller, F.; Jong, de N.; Gemert-Pijnen, van J.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives A website on Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, MRSA-net, was developed for Health Care Workers (HCWs) and the general public, in German and in Dutch. The website’s content was based on existing protocols and its structure was based on a card sort study. A Human Centered Design

  5. Research Notes. Archimedes: Analysis of a HyperCard Reference Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottaviani, J. S.

    1995-01-01

    Presents a study of Archimedes as a HyperCard reference tool at the University of Michigan, and compares uses to similar projects. Results from studied points (i.e., system design and use statistics) support Archimedes: the system sees more use during reference hours when a librarian is unavailable, and user time is comparable to time spent with a…

  6. Using the Biology Card Sorting Task to Measure Changes in Conceptual Expertise during Postsecondary Biology Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissonnette, Sarah A.; Combs, Elijah D.; Nagami, Paul H.; Byers, Victor; Fernandez, Juliana; Le, Dinh; Realin, Jared; Woodham, Selina; Smith, Julia I.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

    2017-01-01

    While there have been concerted efforts to reform undergraduate biology toward teaching students to organize their conceptual knowledge like experts, there are few tools that attempt to measure this. We previously developed the Biology Card Sorting Task (BCST), designed to probe how individuals organize their conceptual biological knowledge.…

  7. Development of the Biology Card Sorting Task to Measure Conceptual Expertise in Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Julia I.; Combs, Elijah D.; Nagami, Paul H.; Alto, Valerie M.; Goh, Henry G.; Gourdet, Muryam A. A.; Hough, Christina M.; Nickell, Ashley E.; Peer, Adrian G.; Coley, John D.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

    2013-01-01

    There are widespread aspirations to focus undergraduate biology education on teaching students to think conceptually like biologists; however, there is a dearth of assessment tools designed to measure progress from novice to expert biological conceptual thinking. We present the development of a novel assessment tool, the Biology Card Sorting Task,…

  8. The system of emergency cards for primary actions in accident at radioactive material transport in Russia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ananiev, V.V. [Div. of the Decommission of Nuclear and Radiation-Hazardous Object of the Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ermakov, S.V.; Ershov, V.N.; Stovbur, V.I. [FGUP ' ' Emergency Response Centre of Minatom of Russia' ' , St-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Shvedov, M.O. [Div. of Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2004-07-01

    In the paper are reviewed the current and new designed system of the emergency cards for consignments of radioactive materials in Russian Federation, within the framework of a uniform state system of warning and liquidation of consequences of extraordinary situations and functional subsystem of warning and liquidation of accident situations of Federal Agency for Atomic Energy.

  9. Development of the Biology Card Sorting Task to Measure Conceptual Expertise in Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Julia I.; Combs, Elijah D.; Nagami, Paul H.; Alto, Valerie M.; Goh, Henry G.; Gourdet, Muryam A. A.; Hough, Christina M.; Nickell, Ashley E.; Peer, Adrian G.; Coley, John D.; Tanner, Kimberly D.

    2013-01-01

    There are widespread aspirations to focus undergraduate biology education on teaching students to think conceptually like biologists; however, there is a dearth of assessment tools designed to measure progress from novice to expert biological conceptual thinking. We present the development of a novel assessment tool, the Biology Card Sorting Task,…

  10. Card Games and Algebra Tic Tacmatics on Achievement of Junior Secondary II Students in Algebraic Expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okpube, Nnaemeka Michael; Anugwo, M. N.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated the Card Games and Algebra tic-Tacmatics on Junior Secondary II Students' Achievement in Algebraic Expressions. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted the pre-test, post-test control group design. A total of two hundred and forty (240) Junior Secondary School II students were…

  11. GARBAGE: A Card Game That Simulates the Trade-Off between Competition and Concern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiagarajan, Sivasailam

    1991-01-01

    Describes a simulation card game involved with the dumping of hazardous wastes that was designed to explore the trade-off between industrial competition and social concern. Steps of play are described for the game, which is called GARBAGE, and debriefing techniques are suggested, including an affective phase and a cognitive phase. (LRW)

  12. The dynamics of development on the Dimensional Change Card Sorting task

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bers, B.M.C.W.; Visser, I.; van Schijndel, T.J.P.; Mandell, D.J.; Raijmakers, M.E.J.

    2011-01-01

    A widely used paradigm to study cognitive flexibility in preschoolers is the Dimensional Change Card Sorting (DCCS) task. The developmental dynamics of DCCS performance was studied in a cross-sectional design (N = 93, 3 to 5 years of age) using a computerized version of the standard DCCS task. A

  13. The dynamics of development on the Dimensional Change Card Sorting task

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bers, B.M.C.W.; Visser, I.; van Schijndel, T.J.P.; Mandell, D.J.; Raijmakers, M.E.J.

    2011-01-01

    A widely used paradigm to study cognitive flexibility in preschoolers is the Dimensional Change Card Sorting (DCCS) task. The developmental dynamics of DCCS performance was studied in a cross-sectional design (N = 93, 3 to 5 years of age) using a computerized version of the standard DCCS task. A mod

  14. Assessing a Couple's Relationship and Compatibility Using the MARI[R] Card Test and Mandala Drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frame, Phyllis G.

    2006-01-01

    This paper illustrates the use of the MARI[R] Card Test, a transpersonal assessment tool which includes archetypal designs and color choices, as well as the drawing of a white and black mandala, or circle picture, for assessing the compatibility of two people in a committed relationship. In an informal pilot research study, 22 couples were given…

  15. Cryptanalysis And Further Improvement Of A Biometric-Based Remote User Authentication Scheme Using Smart Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Ashok Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Recently, Li et al. proposed a secure biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smart cards to withstand the security flaws of Li-Hwang's efficient biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smart cards. Li et al.'s scheme is based on biometrics verification, smart card and one-way hash function, and it also uses the random nonce rather than a synchronized clock, and thus it is efficient in computational cost and more secure than Li-Hwang's scheme. Unfortunately, in this paper we show that Li et al.'s scheme still has some security weaknesses in their design. In order to withstand those weaknesses in their scheme, we further propose an improvement of their scheme so that the improved scheme always provides proper authentication and as a result, it establishes a session key between the user and the server at the end of successful user authentication.

  16. Waste, Fraud, and Abuse in Agency Travel Card Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-20

    7 The four banks providing card services under SmartPay2 contracts are Citibank , GE Capital Financial, JP Morgan Chase, and U.S. Bancorp. 8...determine whether a card should be issued; • utilize effective systems, techniques, and technologies to prevent and identify card misuse; and • close

  17. 77 FR 75410 - Request for Information Regarding Credit Card Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... PROTECTION Request for Information Regarding Credit Card Market AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial... Financial Protection (Bureau) to conduct a review (Review) of the consumer credit card market, within the... the public about a number of aspects of the consumer credit card market, which are described...

  18. Multipurpose Smart Cards in Transportation: Benefits and Barriers to Use

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Noreen

    2000-01-01

    Smart cards are the technology that allows certain functions to occur. Although the technology evolved in the 1980's, it was only used for simple functions like pay phones. In the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in the use and scope of smart cards. Smart cards have been used to hold health records, allow electronic signatures and act as electronic purses.

  19. On Cyclic Plans for Scheduling a Smart Card Personalisation System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieberg, T.

    An industrial case study for scheduling the personalisation of smart cards is presented and analysed. Smart cards are personalised in several machines that are served by an underlying conveyor belt connecting these. As there are usually a very high number of smart cards to be personalised, the focus

  20. Teaching with Documents. It's in the Cards: Archives and Baseball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernon, John, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the history of baseball cards and their use in the classroom as historical documents. Includes five exercises which deal with trading cards and the game itself. Provides a blown-up version of a 1950's Minnie Minoso baseball card to be used with one of the exercises. (GEA)

  1. 48 CFR 213.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... purchase card. 213.301 Section 213.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 213.301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. (1) “United States... accordance with 201.603-3(b) also may use the Governmentwide commercial purchase card to make a purchase...

  2. 48 CFR 2413.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... purchase card. 2413.301 Section 2413.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND... Acquisition Methods 2413.301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. (c) HUD's procedures concerning the use of the government-wide commercial purchase card are contained in its Handbook on the...

  3. 48 CFR 13.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... purchase card. 13.301 Section 13.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION... Governmentwide commercial purchase card. (a) Except as provided in 32.1108(b)(2), the Governmentwide commercial purchase card is authorized for use in making and/or paying for purchases of supplies, services,...

  4. 48 CFR 1313.301 - Governmentwide commercial purchase card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... purchase card. 1313.301 Section 1313.301 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE....301 Governmentwide commercial purchase card. The Department's procedures for the use and control of the Governmentwide commercial purchase card are set forth in CAM 1313.301....

  5. Instant Feedback for Learner Training: Using Individual Assessment Cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovelock, Clive

    2002-01-01

    Describes individual assessment cards devised by an English-as-a-Foreign-Language teacher in Japan. This system consists of giving each student her own individual assessment card at the beginning of each lesson. The focus of the information recorded on the card relates to the process of learning English. (Author/VWL)

  6. 26 CFR 49.4251-4 - Prepaid telephone cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., sells 1,000 cards it calls prepaid telephone cards to R, a convenience store owner, for $7,000. C..., R is a transferee reseller. Because R's customers will purchase other than for resale, they will be holders. Each card sold by R provides its holder, R's customer, with a fixed amount of...

  7. Precautionary Borrowing and the Credit Card Debt Puzzle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Druedahl, Jeppe; Jørgensen, Casper Nordal

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the credit card debt puzzle using a generalization of the buffer-stock consumption model with long-term revolving debt contracts. Closely resembling actual US credit card law, we assume that card issuers can always deny their cardholders access to new debt, but that they cannot...

  8. CarD: a new RNA polymerase modulator in mycobacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stallings, Christina L; Glickman, Michael S

    2011-01-01

    Mycobacteria CarD is an essential RNAP binding protein that regulates many transcripts including rRNA. This article will review our present state of knowledge regarding CarD and compare the known functions of CarD with other RNAP binding proteins in E. coli, emphasizing how this information can guide future investigations.

  9. Meeting Mathematics Standards with a Deck of Playing Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Deborah A.; McDonald, Shirley A.; Bothman, Susan M.

    2010-01-01

    The activities contained in this document have been presented at several conference sessions. Participants engaged in hands-on activities for Grades 3 through 8 that utilized a deck of playing cards to meet mathematics content and process standards. Activities included variations of card games, but with a mathematical twist, and other card-based…

  10. Text Region Extraction from Business Card Images for Mobile Devices

    CERN Document Server

    Mollah, Ayatullah Faruk; Das, Nibaran; Sarkar, Ram; Nasipuri, Mita; Kundu, Mahantapas

    2010-01-01

    Designing a Business Card Reader (BCR) for mobile devices is a challenge to the researchers because of huge deformation in acquired images, multiplicity in nature of the business cards and most importantly the computational constraints of the mobile devices. This paper presents a text extraction method designed in our work towards developing a BCR for mobile devices. At first, the background of a camera captured image is eliminated at a coarse level. Then, various rule based techniques are applied on the Connected Components (CC) to filter out the noises and picture regions. The CCs identified as text are then binarized using an adaptive but light-weight binarization technique. Experiments show that the text extraction accuracy is around 98% for a wide range of resolutions with varying computation time and memory requirements. The optimum performance is achieved for the images of resolution 1024x768 pixels with text extraction accuracy of 98.54% and, space and time requirements as 1.1 MB and 0.16 seconds resp...

  11. Coping Card Usage can Further Reduce Suicide Reattempt in Suicide Attempter Case Management Within 3-Month Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying-Chuan; Hsieh, Ling-Yu; Wang, Ming-Yu; Chou, Cheng-Hsiang; Huang, Min-Wei; Ko, Huei-Chen

    2016-02-01

    This randomized controlled trial was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of using crisis coping cards (n = 32) in the case management of suicide prevention compared with case management without the use of coping cards (n = 32) over a 3-month intervention period. The generalized estimating equation was used to examine the interaction effect between treatments and time on suicide risk, depression, anxiety, and hopelessness. Results indicated that subsequent suicidal behaviors, severity of suicide risk, depression, anxiety, and hopelessness were reduced more in the coping card intervention group compared to the case management only group. Moreover, for the survival curves of time to suicide reattempt, the coping card group showed a significantly longer time to reattempt than the case management only group at 2-month and 3-month intervention periods.

  12. Development and effectiveness of an educational card game as supplementary material in understanding selected topics in biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Arnel F

    2014-01-01

    The complex concepts and vocabulary of biology classes discourage many students. In this study, a pretest-posttest model was used to test the effectiveness of an educational card game in reinforcing biological concepts in comparison with traditional teaching methods. The subjects of this study were two biology classes at Bulacan State University-Sarmiento Campus. Both classes received conventional instruction; however, the experimental group's instruction was supplemented with the card game, while the control group's instruction was reinforced with traditional exercises and assignments. The score increases from pretest to posttest showed that both methods effectively reinforced biological concepts, but a t test showed that the card game is more effective than traditional teaching methods. Additionally, students from the experimental group evaluated the card game using five criteria: goals, design, organization, playability, and usefulness. The students rated the material very satisfactory.

  13. "It's in the Cards": The Contribution of Illustrated Metaphor Cards to Exploring Values Within Narratives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnieli-Miller, Orit; Nissim, Geffen; Goldberg, Miriam

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we present the use of illustrated metaphorical cards as a technique to enrich the qualitative narrative interview. We examine the advantages of incorporating a projective tool to assist in constructing and understanding personal narratives of people living with severe mental illness. We interviewed 25 participants-staff and members of a clubhouse in Israel (an international community model of rehabilitation in mental health)-and sought to understand their stories focused on personal and organizational values. The findings revealed that, in most cases, the cards contributed to data collection by enhancing the interviewees' ability for expression and by facilitating richer, more comprehensive stories and descriptions. This in turn enhanced the researcher's ability to understand the messages and stories presented. The research conclusions discuss the cards' potential contribution to improving data collection and analysis. The cards became an additional channel for expressing participants' experiences, emotions, and unique voice. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. Pengaruh Games Memorize Card Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa pada Operasi Hitung Bilangan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detta Anastasya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Kemampuan dasar matematika sangatlah penting untuk siswa Sekolah Dasar (SD. Salah satunya adalah kemampuan melakukan operasi hitung bilangan. Kondisi di lapangan menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar siswa Sekolah Dasar (SD tentang operasi hitung bilangan masih rendah. Hal ini terjadi karena aktivitas siswa di sekolah pada umumnya masih dibatasi oleh guru, sehingga membuat anak-anak menjadi cepat bosan saat pembelajaran berlangsung. Oleh karena itu, diperlukannya suatu suasana pembelajaran yang baru dengan berbantuan media sehingga dapat membuat pembelajaran menjadi menyenangkan serta membuat siswa lebih aktif. Salah satu media pembelajaran yang akan digunakan adalah Games Memorize Card. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat perbedaan hasil belajar siswa sebelum dan sesudah penggunaan Games Memorize Card serta pengaruh Games Memorize Card terhadap hasil belajar siswa. Adapun subjek dari penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas III SD XYZ di Kabupaten Tangerang. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pra-eksperimen dengan menggunakan one group pretest-posttest design. Instrumen yang akan digunakan di dalam penelitian ini berupa tes. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu uji Wilcoxon dan menghitung nilai N-Gain. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa penggunaan Games Memorize Card mampu meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas III SD pada operasi hitung bilangan.Basic math skill is very important for elementary school students. One of them is ability to do number arithmetic operations. Based on the fact show that elementary school students learning outcomes about number arithmetic operations still low. This case happen because activity at school in general still limited by teacher, so that make children become easily bored when learning be held. Therefore, need a new learning environment with assisted media so it can make learning becomes fun and make students active. One of the media that will be used is

  15. Insuficiencia cardíaca y diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Thierer

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La prevalencia de la insuficiencia cardíaca y la diabetes continúa creciendo. Ambas están fuertemente asociadas. La diabetes es un fuerte predictor de aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca. Las razones son la presencia de enfermedad coronaria y los trastornos metabólicos vinculados con la resistencia a la insulina que generan disfunción contráctil. Los pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca que son diabéticos tienen peor evolución. Los Betabloqueantes, vasodilatadores y los inhibidores de la enzima convertidora ejercen una influencia favorable, en tanto que el uso de glitazonas todavía es controversial. La insuficiencia cardíaca puede a su vez generar diabetes, debido a la activación del sistema nervioso simpático y al efecto del tratamiento. La comprensión adecuada de estos hechos es fundamental para tomar decisiones correctas y mejorar la suerte de los pacientes.

  16. Evaluation of Ammunition Data Cards (REDACTED)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-29

    is in accordance with MIL-STD-1168, the Ammunition- Data Repository Program User Manual, and contracts. a. Ensure onsite Government representatives...into current open and future contracts, the Quality Assurance Letter of Instruction, and Letters of Delegation. 4. Train JMC onsite Government ...Surveillance Plan for the ammunition data card process. 6. For manufacturing facilities with DCMA onsite Government representatives, develop methods to

  17. Looking at Debit and Credit Card Fraud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porkess, Roger; Mason, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This article, written jointly by a mathematician and a barrister, looks at some of the statistical issues raised by court cases based on fraud involving chip and PIN cards. It provides examples and insights that statistics teachers should find helpful. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)

  18. FT 3 Flight Test Cards for Export

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marston, Michael L.

    2015-01-01

    These flight test cards will be made available to stakeholders who participated in FT3. NASA entered into the relationship with our stakeholders, including the FAA, to develop requirements that will lead to routine flights of unmanned aircraft systems flying in the national airspace system.

  19. Repeated extraction of DNA from FTA cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Ferrero, Laura; Børsting, Claus;

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of DNA using magnetic bead based techniques on automated DNA extraction instruments provides a fast, reliable and reproducible method for DNA extraction from various matrices. However, the yield of extracted DNA from FTA-cards is typically low. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible ...

  20. Integration through a Card-Sort Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Kris; Ricca, Bernard P.

    2015-01-01

    Learning to compute integrals via the various techniques of integration (e.g., integration by parts, partial fractions, etc.) is difficult for many students. Here, we look at how students in a college level Calculus II course develop the ability to categorize integrals and the difficulties they encounter using a card sort-resort activity. Analysis…

  1. Integration through a Card-Sort Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Kris; Ricca, Bernard P.

    2015-01-01

    Learning to compute integrals via the various techniques of integration (e.g., integration by parts, partial fractions, etc.) is difficult for many students. Here, we look at how students in a college level Calculus II course develop the ability to categorize integrals and the difficulties they encounter using a card sort-resort activity. Analysis…

  2. Artist Trading Cards: Connecting with Other Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovio, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    Creating and exchanging Artist Trading Cards (ATCs) has been a rapidly growing trend. These miniature works of art are fun to make--and even more fun to share. The intrigue of developing these handmade treasures begins with the intent of creating art simply for the love of art. In this article, the author describes how her students made their…

  3. Christmas Card Arrives 93 Years Late

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马加芬

    2008-01-01

    A postcard featuring a color drawing of Santa Claus and a young girl was mailed in 1914, but its jour- ney was slower than Christmas. It just arrived in northwest Kansas. The Christmas card was dated Dec. 23, 1914, and mailed to Ethel Martin of Oberlin, apparently from her cousins in Alma, Neb.

  4. One ID Card for the Entire Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridenour, David P.; Ferguson, Linda M.

    1986-01-01

    The implementation by Indiana State University of a machine-readable photo ID system for their food services prompted an investigation into the available alternatives and requirements for a more efficient all-University ID card system. The new ID system is described. (AUTHOR/MLW)

  5. CARISPLAN Procedure Manual: Institutional Author Record Card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America, Port-of-Spain (Trinadad). Caribbean Documentation Centre.

    This manual outlines the prescribed format and content of an institutional author record card, which forms the basis of the CARISPLAN (Caribbean Information System for Economic and Social Planning) Institutional Author Authority File used in conjunction with the databases of the United Nations (UN) Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA).…

  6. Looking at Debit and Credit Card Fraud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porkess, Roger; Mason, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This article, written jointly by a mathematician and a barrister, looks at some of the statistical issues raised by court cases based on fraud involving chip and PIN cards. It provides examples and insights that statistics teachers should find helpful. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)

  7. Melting Metal on a Playing Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Many of us are familiar with the demonstration of boiling water in a paper cup held over a candle or a Bunsen burner; the ignition temperature of paper is above the temperature of 100°C at which water boils under standard conditions. A more dramatic demonstration is melting tin held in a playing card. This illustration is from Tissandier's book on…

  8. Artist Trading Cards: Connecting with Other Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovio, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    Creating and exchanging Artist Trading Cards (ATCs) has been a rapidly growing trend. These miniature works of art are fun to make--and even more fun to share. The intrigue of developing these handmade treasures begins with the intent of creating art simply for the love of art. In this article, the author describes how her students made their…

  9. From Cards To Digital Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea; Marchetti, Emanuela

    2017-01-01

    This study is based on an iterative, participatory design investigation that we are conducting in order to create digital games that could be flexibly re-designed by players, without requiring programming knowledge. In particular we focus on digital game development, both design and implementation......, for primary school pupils and their teachers. We propose a scenario where digital game development is mediated by tinkering with paper prototypes similar to board games. We address the problems of making sense and expressing rules of a digital game without programming. Analysis of our latest participatory...... workshop offers evidence that a board game can work as a tangible model of the computation happening in a digital game. Children understand the practice of designing games mainly as manipulation of features and behaviors of the visual elements of a game. We attempt at looking beyond visual programming...

  10. Concepção de bancada e montagem de experimento para a análise in vitro de próteses cardíacas mitrais Design conception and experimental setup for in vitro evaluation of mitral prosthetic valves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovandir Bazan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Uma vez que a maioria das complicações relacionadas ao funcionamento das próteses de válvulas cardíacas é decorrente de distúrbios de escoamento, a sua caracterização hidrodinâmica é um auxílio útil no projeto de novas próteses. Simulações do escoamento pulsátil em próteses cardíacas começaram há cerca de 40 anos, por meio do desenvolvimento de diferentes bancadas do sistema circulatório humano, melhorando a interpretação dos resultados clínicos. Um novo projeto de um sistema duplicador de pulsos foi desenvolvido na Escola Politécnica da USP para estudar próteses de válvulas cardíacas. OBJETIVO: Apresentar a concepção da nova bancada experimental de fluxo pulsátil para ensaios hidrodinâmicos de próteses de válvulas cardíacas e o plano de montagem de um experimento cujo foco é o ensaio de próteses mitrais. MÉTODOS: Sua concepção é baseada na revisão do estado da arte desses estudos e na experiência obtida nas bancadas do sistema circulatório, particularmente aquela usada no Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, em São Paulo, Brasil. RESULTADOS: Neste projeto, um servomotor elétrico controlado por computador emite, por meio de um pistão hidráulico, um pulso para o modelo da câmara do ventrículo esquerdo, onde as válvulas cardíacas são acomodadas. Para caracterizar, no futuro, a operação dinâmica das próteses de válvulas mitrais, foi montado um experimento para proporcionar medições de vazão volumétrica, pressão instantânea e campos de velocidade nessas válvulas. Acessos ópticos estão convenientemente previstos no projeto, tornando possível o uso, no futuro, de um sistema LDA. CONCLUSÕES: A fim de melhorar a análise das tensões hidrodinâmicas e a previsão de hemólise, os resultados experimentais podem ser utilizados para ajustar um modelo numérico usando 'Computational Fluid Dynamics' (CFD.BACKGROUND: Since most complications related to the operation of

  11. A View on Wear Mechanism of Metallic Card Clothing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Liang; WANG Wen-qiang; NI Huai-sheng

    2008-01-01

    The wear mechanism of metallic card clothing,used in textile industry, was analyzed. A fast wear test for metallic card clothing racks was developed, which was used as collecting the wear metal particles. The failure type of card clothing was analyzed by the mean of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ferro-spectrum technology. The results show that the main wear mechanism of metallic card clothing is low load and high repetition interval fatigue wear caused by friction force between fiber and metal wire teeth.The appropriate quenching microstmcture, which improves the wear resistance of the metallic card clothing rack is also discussed.

  12. RISK MANAGEMENT AND PREVENTION OF FRAUD IN CARD TRANSACTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CODRUTA DANIELA PAVEL

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Credit institutions issuing and accepting cards have responsibility for identifying, evaluating and mitigation fraud and activities with potentially risk. Risk management is necessary to avoid losses that may occur both directly through fraud and indirectly through loss of customer confidence regarding safety card operations. The risk management in cards activities aims to identifying those events which by their appearance would produce adverse effects on the activity, possible generating financial loss and find solutions to avoid them and reduce their effect.Credit card fraud refers to any situation where a person deliberately uses: card obtained through illegal methods, a counterfeit card, a valid card code, in order to obtain cash, goods or undue services.

  13. Astronomy and Space Technologies, WILGA 2012; EuCARD Sessions

    CERN Document Server

    Romaniuk, R S

    2012-01-01

    Wilga Sessions on HEP experiments, astroparticle physics and accelerator technology were organized under the umbrella of the EU FP7 Project EuCARD – European Coordination for Accelerator Research and Development. This paper is the first part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with photonics and electronics applications in astronomy and space technologies. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown by young researchers from different technical universities from this country during the Jubilee XXXth SPIE-IEEE Wilga 2012, May Edition, symposium on Photonics and Web Engineering. Topical tracks of the symposium embraced, among others, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for photonics, sensory and nonlinear optical fibers, object oriented design of hardware, photonic metrology, optoelectronics and photonics applications, photonics-electronics co-design, optoelectronic and electronic systems for astronomy and high energy physics experiments, JE...

  14. Mineral Supertrumps: A new card game to assist learning of mineralogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spandler, C.

    2015-12-01

    Mineralogy is considered one of the cornerstone subjects of geoscience curriculum. It provides the basic information from which we can understand the composition and behaviour of Earth and planetary materials, yet many students struggle to obtain adequate comprehension and knowledge of mineralogy during tertiary degree programs. Here, I introduce a new card game called "Mineral Supertrumps" that can be used to assist teaching of mineralogy at secondary and tertiary level. The card game is easy to learn and play, and is designed to promote active learning in a group environment. The game involves 3 to 6 people, and is similar to the "Top Trumps™" card games. The pack consists of 54 mineral cards, and 6 supertrump cards. Each mineral card includes information about the mineral such as the generic chemical formula, the classification, crystal system, the geological environment where the mineral is commonly found or formed, as well as information in the five playing categories (or trumps) of Hardness, Specific Gravity, Cleavage, Crustal Abundance, and Economic Value. The first three playing categories relate to distinct physical properties of the mineral, while last two categories rate the importance of the mineral in terms of abundance in the Earth's crust and value to modern societies. Results of a formal evaluation of the game by students in the second year of a tertiary geology program indicate that the game has clear benefits for learning about mineralogy. The majority of students enjoyed playing the game and considered it to be effective for enhancing learning about mineral properties and their application to other Earth Science disciplines. Therefore, inclusion of "Mineral Supertrumps" into Earth Science curriculum at secondary or tertiary level has the potential to redress the difficulties students face in learning of mineralogy, while requiring little to no adjustment to existing teaching programs.

  15. Efficacy and efficiency: self-designed versus instructor-designed study tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, E B; Hassanein, R S

    1992-03-01

    During the course of their education, occupational therapy students learn to administer complex structured assessments. For easier administration of these assessments, students design note cards, which then replace cumbersome test manuals during administration. This study considered whether students could learn test administration with equal efficiency and efficacy if given test administration note cards rather than having to design their own. The results showed that the subjects using instructor-designed cards earned written test and practical examination scores similar to those of the subjects using self-designed cards. The subjects using instructor-designed cards spent significantly less (p = .003) total time in study than did the subjects using self-designed cards. The difference in time between the two groups was attributable to the time spent designing note cards. Therefore, distribution of instructor-designed note cards appears to offer equally effective and significantly more efficient learning when compared with that produced when students design their own cards. The differences in efficacy and efficiency were similar for students of different learning styles (as classified by Witkin's field-dependence/field-independence continuum) [corrected].

  16. Enhancing Privacy for Biometric Identification Cards

    CERN Document Server

    Balanoiu, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Most developed countries have started the implementation of biometric electronic identification cards, especially passports. The European Union and the United States of America struggle to introduce and standardize these electronic documents. Due to the personal nature of the biometric elements used for the generation of these cards, privacy issues were raised on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, leading to civilian protests and concerns. The lack of transparency from the public authorities responsible with the implementation of such identification systems, and the poor technological approaches chosen by these authorities, are the main reasons for the negative popularity of the new identification methods. The following article shows an approach that provides all the benefits of modern technological advances in the fields of biometrics and cryptography, without sacrificing the privacy of those that will be the beneficiaries of the new system.

  17. The topology of card transaction money flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanin, Massimiliano; Papo, David; Romance, Miguel; Criado, Regino; Moral, Santiago

    2016-11-01

    Money flow models are essential tools to understand different economical phenomena, like saving propensities and wealth distributions. In spite of their importance, most of them are based on synthetic transaction networks with simple topologies, e.g. random or scale-free ones, as the characterisation of real networks is made difficult by the confidentiality and sensitivity of money transaction data. Here, we present an analysis of the topology created by real credit card transactions from one of the biggest world banks, and show how different distributions, e.g. number of transactions per card or amount, have nontrivial characteristics. We further describe a stochastic model to create transactions data sets, feeding from the obtained distributions, which will allow researchers to create more realistic money flow models.

  18. Enhancing Privacy for Biometric Identification Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Most developed countries have started the implementation of biometric electronic identification cards, especially passports. The European Union and the United States of America struggle to introduce and standardize these electronic documents. Due to the personal nature of the biometric elements used for the generation of these cards, privacy issues were raised on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, leading to civilian protests and concerns. The lack of transparency from the public authorities responsible with the implementation of such identification systems, and the poor technological approaches chosen by these authorities, are the main reasons for the negative popularity of the new identification methods. The following article shows an approach that provides all the benefits of modern technological advances in the fields of biometrics and cryptography, without sacrificing the privacy of those that will be the beneficiaries of the new system

  19. Dual Resolution Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Dual Resolution Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 30 is being distributed for use in development and testing of fingerprint compression and fingerprint matching systems. The database allows the user to develop and evaluate data compression algorithms for fingerprint images scanned at both 19.7 ppmm (500 dpi) and 39.4 ppmm (1000 dpi). The data consist of 36 ten-print paired cards with both the rolled and plain images scanned at 19.7 and 39.4 pixels per mm. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  20. NOD1CARD Might Be Using Multiple Interfaces for RIP2-Mediated CARD-CARD Interaction: Insights from Molecular Dynamics Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradhan, Sukanta Kumar; De, Sachinandan

    2017-01-01

    The nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-containing protein 1 (NOD1) plays the pivotal role in host-pathogen interface of innate immunity and triggers immune signalling pathways for the maturation and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Upon the recognition of iE-DAP, NOD1 self-oligomerizes in an ATP-dependent fashion and interacts with adaptor molecule receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) for the propagation of innate immune signalling and initiation of pro-inflammatory immune responses. This interaction (mediated by NOD1 and RIP2) helps in transmitting the downstream signals for the activation of NF-κB signalling pathway, and has been arbitrated by respective caspase-recruitment domains (CARDs). The so-called CARD-CARD interaction still remained contradictory due to inconsistent results. Henceforth, to understand the mode and the nature of the interaction, structural bioinformatics approaches were employed. MD simulation of modelled 1:1 heterodimeric complexes revealed that the type-Ia interface of NOD1CARD and the type-Ib interface of RIP2CARD might be the suitable interfaces for the said interaction. Moreover, we perceived three dynamically stable heterotrimeric complexes with an NOD1:RIP2 ratio of 1:2 (two numbers) and 2:1. Out of which, in the first trimeric complex, a type-I NOD1-RIP2 heterodimer was found interacting with an RIP2CARD using their type-IIa and IIIa interfaces. However, in the second and third heterotrimer, we observed type-I homodimers of NOD1 and RIP2 CARDs were interacting individually with RIP2CARD and NOD1CARD (in type-II and type-III interface), respectively. Overall, this study provides structural and dynamic insights into the NOD1-RIP2 oligomer formation, which will be crucial in understanding the molecular basis of NOD1-mediated CARD-CARD interaction in higher and lower eukaryotes. PMID:28114344

  1. MCNP6 Fission Multiplicity with FMULT Card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilcox, Trevor [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fensin, Michael Lorne [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hendricks, John S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; James, Michael R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McKinney, Gregg W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18

    With the merger of MCNPX and MCNP5 into MCNP6, MCNP6 now provides all the capabilities of both codes allowing the user to access all the fission multiplicity data sets. Detailed in this paper is: (1) the new FMULT card capabilities for accessing these different data sets; (2) benchmark calculations, as compared to experiment, detailing the results of selecting these separate data sets for thermal neutron induced fission on U-235.

  2. Economic evaluation of the CARDS study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona de Portu

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: cardiovascular diseases (CVD are the major component of premature mortality, generate disability and are a relevant source of cost. The growing incidence of CVD is associated with lifestyle and other modifiable risk factors. Prevention and preclinical detection of CVD reduce morbidity and mortality. Type 2 diabetes is associated with a substantially increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Objective: the aim of the study was to evaluate the health economic consequence of medical therapy with atorvastatin for primary prevention of major cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes in Italy. Materials and method: in order to reach our objective we drew clinical information from the CARDS study. This economic evaluation was carried out conducting a cost/effectiveness analysis from the perspective of National Health Service (NHS. The analysis was applied to a time horizon in conformity with the observational period adopted in the CARDS study (3.9 years. An incremental cost/effectiveness ratio (ICER was calculated and is expressed as cost per life years gained (LYG. In order to test the robustness of the results, a one-way sensitivity analysis was performed. Results: the total cost of atorvastatin therapy over 3.9 years amounts to around 1.5 million of euros per 1,000 patients. The total cost of adding atorvastatin to standard care in people treated for primary prevention of major cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes as those involved in the CARDS study would entail an additional cost of about 1,2 million of euros per 1,000 patients treated per 3.9 years, with an incremental cost/effectiveness ratio (ICER equivalent to 36,566 euros per patient per LYG. Discussion: the current study is the first economic evaluation of CARDS study to the Italian situation. The results of the current study show that hypolipemic therapy with atorvastatin 10 mg in diabetic individuals is to be considered cost effective.

  3. Implement Security using smart card on Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amish Kumar Aman

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Cloud is a concept of accessing the data from theirown datacenters such that the chances ofeavesdropping have been reduced and storage costis reduced. Here in this paper we are giving a briefsurvey of various cloud based techniqueimplemented so far. Although there are varioustechniques implemented so far for the cloudcomputing but here we are giving a survey of notonly cloud based techniques but also the concept ofsmart cards for the authentication between onecloud to another cloud.

  4. Repeated extraction of DNA from FTA cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Ferrero, Laura; Børsting, Claus

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of DNA using magnetic bead based techniques on automated DNA extraction instruments provides a fast, reliable and reproducible method for DNA extraction from various matrices. However, the yield of extracted DNA from FTA-cards is typically low. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible...... to repeatedly extract DNA from the processed FTA-disk. The method increases the yield from the nanogram range to the microgram range....

  5. Repeated extraction of DNA from FTA cards

    OpenAIRE

    Stangegaard, Michael; Ferrero, Laura; Børsting, Claus; Frank-Hansen, Rune; Hansen, Anders Johannes; Morling, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of DNA using magnetic bead based techniques on automated DNA extraction instruments provides a fast, reliable and reproducible method for DNA extraction from various matrices. However, the yield of extracted DNA from FTA-cards is typically low. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible to repeatedly extract DNA from the processed FTA-disk. The method increases the yield from the nanogram range to the microgram range.

  6. Some security strategies for smart cards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ros, F [Gemalto, St Cyr en Val, BP 6021, 45060 Orlans Cedex (France); Harba, R [LESI, Polytech' Orlans-LESI, 12 rue de Blois, 45067 Orleans Cedex 2 (France)

    2007-07-15

    This paper details current developments at Gemalto in the field of security. It focuses on two different security processes for ID cards. The first one consists in adding observable security features in the ID image to allow quick visual verification and serves mainly to detect counterfeit attempts. The second consists in watermarking ID images during the pre personalization step by a secret key stored in the chip. The interest of the different approaches is demonstrated with several real ID images.

  7. Repeated extraction of DNA from FTA cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael; Ferrero, Laura; Børsting, Claus

    2011-01-01

    Extraction of DNA using magnetic bead based techniques on automated DNA extraction instruments provides a fast, reliable and reproducible method for DNA extraction from various matrices. However, the yield of extracted DNA from FTA-cards is typically low. Here, we demonstrate that it is possible...... to repeatedly extract DNA from the processed FTA-disk. The method increases the yield from the nanogram range to the microgram range....

  8. THE CARD - CURRENCY WITH AND WITHOUT CASH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoara Mihaela

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Use by individuals and businesses resulting in reduced cash cards in circulation, the corresponding increase in transfer payments and payments accounts also limit exchange risks and make effective use of currency. As a result, we have the effect of reducing cash in circulation. These advantages are also available for businesses and for banks and leads to favorable effects on import-export business. Following this, banks can diversify our products, so to meet customers' new products.

  9. Design and implementation of uSD card based mobile context data collection and reporting system%基于uSD卡的移动情境数据采集和汇报系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锦锋; 陈灿峰; 汤跃忠

    2011-01-01

    This paper presented a uSD card based mobile context data collection and reporting system. Mobile devices used uSD card to communicate with external sensor nodes, and reported the collected internal and external context data to the remote context repository. It proposed a centralized context data sensing and reporting schedule algorithm to eliminate the redundancy among the context data from different mobile devices and improved the collection accuracy by using the collaboration of mobile devices. To handle the heterogeneity of the sensor packet formats, defined an XML-based sensor packet description language. Designed and implemented a connectivity management module to support the transparent and dynamic switch among available communication methods. Built a mixed-reality PacMan game on the presented mobile context data collection and reporting system. The result of the game' s trial shows that the presented system has good performance in real-time and usability.%提出了一种基于uSD卡的移动情境数据采集和汇报系统.移动设备利用uSD卡与外部传感器节点通信,并将来自于内部和外部的情境数据汇报给远程数据库.提出了一种集中式的情境数据采集汇报调度算法,通过移动设备之间的协作来去除不同移动设备所汇报情境数据间的冗余,并提高情境数据采集的精度.定义了基于XML的传感器数据包描述语言,以克服外部传感器数据包的异构性.设计并实现了连接管理模块,支持在多种通信方式之间的透明动态切换.基于提出的情境数据收集和共享系统设计并实现了混合现实的PacMan游 戏,游戏的试运行结果表明,本系统具有较好的实时性和可用性.

  10. LHC card games: bringing about retrocausality?

    CERN Document Server

    Silagadze, Z K

    2010-01-01

    The model of Nielsen and Ninomiya claims that "the SSC (Superconducting Supercollider) were stopped by the US Congress due to the backward causation from the big amounts of Higgs particles, which it would have produced, if it had been allowed to run". They also proposed to play a card game and if the "close LHC" card is drawn (with probability $\\sim 10^{-6}$), really close LHC on the eve of Higgs particle discovery to avoid more severe bad luck. Crazy? Probably. But paraphrasing Salvador Dali, if you believe that you and me are smarter in physics than Nielsen and Ninomiya, don't read this article, just go right on in your blissful idiocy. Therefore, I will try to make sense of backward causation. It turns out that not only the backward causation makes perfect sense in some models of possible reality, but that Nielsen and Ninomiya really have a chance to close LHC by a card game. The only thing they need is to be smart enough to manage to develop their theory up to the level of brilliance beginning from which ...

  11. Memory of Quark Matter Card Game

    CERN Document Server

    Csörgő, J; Csörgő, T

    2013-01-01

    Scientists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC, BNL) recently discovered, that the hottest known form of matter is not a gas, but acts like a fluid. Furthermore, this fluid of quarks expands and flows much more perfectly than water or any other well known fluid. This aspect of the RHIC discovery can be introduced even to primary levels of physics education, noting that the usual solid to liquid to gas sequence of phase transitions now are known to be followed by a transition to a nearly perfect fluid, a liquid of quarks, at the largest temperatures made by humans. The educational games described herein were invented by middle school students, members of a Science Club in Hungary. The games were invented for their entertainment, the educational applications in teaching high energy particle and nuclear physics to laypersons are quite unexpected but most welcomed. This manuscript describes games with a deck of cards called Quark Matter cards, where each card represents an elementary particle. The games ...

  12. Quantum key distribution using card, base station and trusted authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Peterson, Charles Glen; Rosenberg, Danna; McCabe, Kevin Peter; Tyagi, Kush T; Dallman, Nicholas

    2015-04-07

    Techniques and tools for quantum key distribution ("QKD") between a quantum communication ("QC") card, base station and trusted authority are described herein. In example implementations, a QC card contains a miniaturized QC transmitter and couples with a base station. The base station provides a network connection with the trusted authority and can also provide electric power to the QC card. When coupled to the base station, after authentication by the trusted authority, the QC card acquires keys through QKD with a trusted authority. The keys can be used to set up secure communication, for authentication, for access control, or for other purposes. The QC card can be implemented as part of a smart phone or other mobile computing device, or the QC card can be used as a fillgun for distribution of the keys.

  13. Quantum key distribution using card, base station and trusted authority

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordholt, Jane E.; Hughes, Richard John; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Peterson, Charles Glen; Rosenberg, Danna; McCabe, Kevin Peter; Tyagi, Kush T.; Dallmann, Nicholas

    2017-06-14

    Techniques and tools for quantum key distribution ("QKD") between a quantum communication ("QC") card, base station and trusted authority are described herein. In example implementations, a QC card contains a miniaturized QC transmitter and couples with a base station. The base station provides a network connection with the trusted authority and can also provide electric power to the QC card. When coupled to the base station, after authentication by the trusted authority, the QC card acquires keys through QKD with a trust authority. The keys can be used to set up secure communication, for authentication, for access control, or for other purposes. The QC card can be implemented as part of a smart phone or other mobile computing device, or the QC card can be used as a fillgun for distribution of the keys.

  14. Credit card spending limit and personal finance: system dynamics approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjana Pejić Bach

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Credit cards have become one of the major ways for conducting cashless transactions. However, they have a long term impact on the well being of their owner through the debt generated by credit card usage. Credit card issuers approve high credit limits to credit card owners, thereby influencing their credit burden. A system dynamics model has been used to model behavior of a credit card owner in different scenarios according to the size of a credit limit. Experiments with the model demonstrated that a higher credit limit approved on the credit card decreases the budget available for spending in the long run. This is a contribution toward the evaluation of action for credit limit control based on their consequences.

  15. EuCARD 2010 Accelerator Technology in Europe

    CERN Document Server

    Romaniuk, R S

    2010-01-01

    Accelerators are basic tools of the experimental physics of elementary particles, nuclear physics, light sources of the fourth generation. They are also used in myriad other applications in research, industry and medicine. For example, there are intensely developed transmutation techniques for nuclear waste from nuclear power and atomic industries. The European Union invests in the development of accelerator infrastructures inside the framework programs to build the European Research Area. The aim is to build new infrastructure, develop the existing, and generally make the infrastructure available to competent users. The paper summarizes the first year of activities of the EU FP7 Project Capacities EuCARD –European Coordination of Accelerator R&D. Several teams from this country participate actively in this project. The contribution from Polish research teams concerns: photonic and electronic measurement – control systems, RF-gun co-design, thin-film superconducting technology, superconducting transpo...

  16. Hoarding and community in Star Wars Card Trader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Groskopf

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Transitioning collectibles from the physical to the digital sphere changes the culture of collecting by increasing the accessibility of trading partners and adding digital limitations on personal interaction. In this analysis, I examine the collecting game Star Wars Card Trader (2015 and its culture of mass hoarding—the collecting of vast quantities of a single, valueless digital object—through which players reintroduce elements of personality, camaraderie, and nonrivalrous collecting into a system designed primarily for anonymous profitable acquisition. Via an analysis of player behaviors both within the game itself and in online venues, I argue that mass hoarding—a user invention—acts as the central community-building behavior in this digital realm. Mass hoarding is thus a clear indication that even in the digital realm, human personalities and relationships are vital to the construction of collecting as a pastime that is more complex than an investment opportunity.

  17. Hoarding and community in Star Wars Card Trader

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Groskopf

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Transitioning collectibles from the physical to the digital sphere changes the culture of collecting by increasing the accessibility of trading partners and adding digital limitations on personal interaction. In this analysis, I examine the collecting game Star Wars Card Trader (2015 and its culture of mass hoarding—the collecting of vast quantities of a single, valueless digital object—through which players reintroduce elements of personality, camaraderie, and nonrivalrous collecting into a system designed primarily for anonymous profitable acquisition. Via an analysis of player behaviors both within the game itself and in online venues, I argue that mass hoarding—a user invention—acts as the central community-building behavior in this digital realm. Mass hoarding is thus a clear indication that even in the digital realm, human personalities and relationships are vital to the construction of collecting as a pastime that is more complex than an investment opportunity.

  18. Development of the readout system for waveguide multilayer optical card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Min-fen; LIANG Zhong-cheng; WANG Ren-zhou; DONG Xiang-mei; ZHANG Pei-ming; CHEN Jia-bi

    2008-01-01

    Waveguide multilayer optical card(WMOC)is a novel storage device of three-dimensional optical information.An ad-vancod readout system fitting for the WMOC is introduced in this paper.The hardware mainly consists of the light source for reading,WMOC,motorized stages addressing unit,microscope imaging unit,CCD detecting unit and PC controlling & processing unit.The movement of the precision motorized stage is controlled by the computer through Visual Basic(VB) language in software.A control panel is also designed to get the layer address and the page address through which the position of the motorized stages call be changed.The WMOC readout system is easy to manage and the readout result is directly displayed on computer monitor.

  19. Pediatric Palliative Care Pilot Curriculum: Impact of "Pain Cards" on Resident Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Michael D; Maurer, Scott H; Wood, Gordon J

    2016-11-01

    Prior research has shown that less than 40% of pediatric program directors believe their graduating residents competent in palliative care. While many curricula have been developed to address this need, few have demonstrated improved comfort and/or knowledge with palliative care principles. The purpose of this study was to test a pocket card educational intervention regarding resident knowledge and comfort with palliative care principles. Pocket reference cards were created to deliver fundamentals of pediatric palliative care to resident learners; didactics and case studies emphasized principles on the cards. Self-reported comfort and objective knowledge were measured before and after the curriculum among residents. Of 32 post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) residents, 23 (72%) completed the pre-test survey. The post-test was completed by 14 PGY2 residents (44%) and 16 of 39 PGY3/4 residents (41%). There was improvement in comfort with communication, as well as pain and symptom management among the residents. Knowledge of palliative care principles improved in part, with only a few survey questions reaching statistical significance. 100% of respondents recommended the cards be provided to their colleagues. This longitudinal curriculum, designed specifically for pediatric residents, was built into an existing training program and proved to be popular, feasible, and effective at improving comfort with basic palliative care principles. © The Author(s) 2015.

  20. ACS sampling system: design, implementation, and performance evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Marcantonio, Paolo; Cirami, Roberto; Chiozzi, Gianluca

    2004-09-01

    By means of ACS (ALMA Common Software) framework we designed and implemented a sampling system which allows sampling of every Characteristic Component Property with a specific, user-defined, sustained frequency limited only by the hardware. Collected data are sent to various clients (one or more Java plotting widgets, a dedicated GUI or a COTS application) using the ACS/CORBA Notification Channel. The data transport is optimized: samples are cached locally and sent in packets with a lower and user-defined frequency to keep network load under control. Simultaneous sampling of the Properties of different Components is also possible. Together with the design and implementation issues we present the performance of the sampling system evaluated on two different platforms: on a VME based system using VxWorks RTOS (currently adopted by ALMA) and on a PC/104+ embedded platform using Red Hat 9 Linux operating system. The PC/104+ solution offers, as an alternative, a low cost PC compatible hardware environment with free and open operating system.

  1. Concretization and animation of Finite Automata with c-cards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    to classes of 10 to 12 years old, and in general to students with a limited mathematical background. Our approach builds on {\\em computational cards} (or c-cards), a project aiming at scaling-down the learning complexity of computer science core contents, by presenting symbol manipulation via a t......-cards is given and its educational implication discussed: the mapping provides a mean to concretize and animate automata. The algorithm works with both deterministic and non-deterministic finite automata....

  2. Biometrics and ID Cards — Enablers for Personal Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisen, Andreas

    The electronic ID card is a modernization and security project of the German Government. On the one hand, the multifunctional card is intended to boost security and the convenience of e-government and e-business applications. On the other hand, the new biometric ID card should allow citizens to use it as a travel document in the Schengen area and for specific destinations outside the European Union also in the future.

  3. Configuration of SoC FPGA, Booting of HPS and running Bare Metal Application from SD card.

    CERN Document Server

    Zahid Rasheed, Awais

    2016-01-01

    First, a hardware design is created using Qsys in Quartus 16.0. Creation of the hardware design consists of configuring Hard Processor System (HPS) inside FPGA and adding necessary hardware blocks to the design. After generating the Qsys design, it is then instantiated in top level module in Verilog or VHDL. After setting up all pin assignments and adding all necessary files in the design, project is compiled to have a complete hardware design. Second part comprises full software design in correspondence with the hardware design and booting the HPS from SD card. Software includes enabling the different bridges used by HPS to communicate with FPGA, configuring FPGA from HPS and embedded application itself. Finally, everything is added in the SD card to get a complete automatic bare metal application running on the host board without any configuration what so ever.

  4. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismail, Shafinar; Bakri, Mohamed Hariri; Zulkepli, Jafri; Adnan, Azimah; Azizi, Amsyar

    2014-12-01

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry.

  5. The problems of using credit card and some possible solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付佶

    2012-01-01

      The credit card was first used in the 1920s,in the United States,and it has increased steadily. It becomes a worldwide payment method. The credit card provides two basic benefits. The first one is It provides the convenient to the holders for the credit card owners can carry a card instead of a large sum of cash. Moreover,the card-holders are able to purchase some products with this kind of card for it allows the owners to borrow money from bank at some future cost.(Sha Yang 2006)However,because of the imperfect of credit card system(Yingjiu Li 2005), unrealistic optimism in consumer credit card adoption(Sha yang 2006)and APR Trap (Steve Sildon2008),all of these problems cause lots of problems for cardholders. This presentation will consider about the three problems which will bring the trouble to the consumers,and then it will focus on some possible solutions to address these problems for individual users. Finally,the presentation will present some way to make money with credit card.

  6. Mathematical card magic fifty-two new effects

    CERN Document Server

    Mulcahy, Colm

    2013-01-01

    Mathematical card effects offer both beginning and experienced magicians an opportunity to entertain with a minimum of props. Featuring mostly original creations, Mathematical Card Magic: Fifty-Two New Effects presents an entertaining look at new mathematically based card tricks. Each chapter contains four card effects, generally starting with simple applications of a particular mathematical principle and ending with more complex ones. Practice a handful of the introductory effects and, in no time, you'll establish your reputation as a ""mathemagician."" Delve a little deeper into each chapter

  7. Determinants of debit cards acceptance: An empirical investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismail, Shafinar; Adnan, Azimah; Azizi, Amsyar [Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka 75300 (Malaysia); Bakri, Mohamed Hariri [Faculty of Technology Management And Technopreneurship, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka 76100 (Malaysia); Zulkepli, Jafri [Faculty of Quantitative Science, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok Kedah (Malaysia)

    2014-12-04

    These days, most of the Malaysians realize that the consumption of debit card will help them to reduce the household debt. Thus, it is important to analyse the acceptance of debit cards for further enhancement and expanding its market share in Malaysia. In addition, there is lacked of research being conducted on the determinants affecting the acceptance of debit cards among Malaysians. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the acceptance of debit cards. This study focuses on payment methods, consumer attitude, and safety of debit card in acceptance of debit cards. Questionnaires were distributed to the 300 respondents. The sampling procedure adopted was stratified random sampling. The data obtained were analysed using SPSS 20.0 which involves scale reliability, descriptive and regression analysis. The result indicates that payment methods, consumer attitude and safety are the determinants of debit cards acceptance. Safety is the best predictor as most of the customers are confidents to use debit cards because of the security being developed around these debit card transactions. The analyses presented in this study can be used by policymakers and managers as a guide to promote banking products and services. The findings achieved in this study will be of interest for practitioners and academics concerned with developments of the Malaysian banking industry.

  8. Volume of Requests for Internet Medicare Replacement Cards

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This dataset provides monthly volumes at the national level from federal fiscal year 2008 onwards for Internet Medicare Replacement Card. The dataset includes only...

  9. 智能卡的安全体系研究%Research on the security system of smart card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李奕

    2015-01-01

    With the development of EMV migration in our country, the financial IC card instead of a magnetic stripe card upgrade are accelerating; And mobile payment is on the rise, will promote the popularity of more than one card application and development of these trends are that the security of smart card cause attention increasingly. In this paper, from the viewpoint of the Java card, smart card security system of three lines of defence, one is to provide the security mechanism of standard specification, the second is a smart card chip integrated with various sensors and protection layer, guarantee the reliability of the card to run the physical environment, three is a smart card OS has increased a lot in the design of safety check code, and make full use of the chip layer provides various security module. Three lines of defence mutual echo, organic combination, for the operation of the smart card provides a tight security system.%随着我国EMV迁移的发展,金融IC卡取代磁条卡的升级换代正在加速进行;而移动支付的持续升温,又将推动一卡多应用的普及与发展,这些趋势都使智能卡的安全日益引发关注。本文从Java卡的角度研究智能卡安全体系的三道防线,一是标准规范提供的安全机制,二是智能卡芯片中集成有各种传感器以及保护层,保证卡片运行物理环境的可靠性,三是智能卡OS在设计时增加了很多安全校验代码,并充分利用芯片层提供的各种安全模块。三道防线相互呼应,有机结合,为智能卡的运行提供了一个严密的安全体系。

  10. Caquexia cardíaca Cardiac cachexia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Miján

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia cardíaca de carácter crónico (ICC, en especial si afecta al corazón derecho, ocasiona con frecuencia malnutrición. Si esta es grave y se unen otros componentes, puede producirse caquexia cardíaca. Esta se asocia a mayor morbilidad y menor supervivencia de los pacientes que la padecen. Las causas de la caquexia cardíaca son diversas, en general asociadas a mantener balance energético negativo, surgiendo cada vez mayor evidencia que apoya un origen multifactorial de la misma. Entre otros, factores neurohormonales, inflamatorios, inmunológicos y metabólicos se superponen en el paciente con ICC, pudiendo producir afectación y deterioro de diversos órganos o sistemas, incluyendo la caquexia cardíaca. Esta puede definirse de diversos modos que, en general, concretan una reducción de peso en un tiempo definido o de estructuras corporales, ya que esta entidad afecta tanto a la masa magra o celular activa, como a los tejidos adiposo y óseo "osteoporosis. De todos ellos, el deterioro más acusado puede observarse en el tejido muscular esquelético, tanto a nivel estructural como funcional, no quedando exento el corazón de su afectación. Respecto del tratamiento, este debe basarse en la evidencia científica disponible. La valoración del estado nutricional de todo paciente con ICC es obligada, debiendo intervenir nutricionalmente ante MEP o riesgo de desarrollarla. En esta situación, mas si existe caquexia cardíaca, es necesaria una modificación de la dieta oral en energía y calidad de la misma, debiendo valorar la indicación de nutrición artificial específica complementaria o alternativa. Asimismo, cada vez adquiere mayor fuerza causal el papel beneficioso del ejercicio físico moderado, así como de la modulación por determinados fármacos de las alteraciones metabólicas e inflamatorias observadas en la caquexia cardíaca, que incluyen una respuesta favorable a nivel funcional y estructural del paciente con ICC

  11. Trasplante cardíaco Heart transplant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ubilla

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available El trasplante cardíaco es considerado actualmente como el tratamiento de elección en la insuficiencia cardíaca terminal refractaria a tratamiento médico o quirúrgico. Debido a factores como la mayor esperanza de vida de la población y el manejo más eficaz de los síndromes coronarios agudos, cada vez hay un número mayor de personas que padecen fallo cardíaco. Se estima que la prevalencia de la enfermedad en países desarrollados está en torno al 1%; de éstos, un 10% está en una etapa avanzada y por tanto son potenciales receptores de un trasplante cardíaco. El problema está en que aún no es posible ofrecer esta modalidad terapéutica a todos los pacientes que la requieren. Por consiguiente, se hace necesario optimizar los resultados del trasplante cardíaco mediante la selección de pacientes, selección y manejo de los donantes, manejo perioperatorio y control de la enfermedad por rechazo del injerto. Desde el primer trasplante efectuado en diciembre de 1967, numerosos avances y cambios se han producido, lo que ha permitido aumentar la supervivencia y calidad de vida de quienes han recibido un nuevo corazón. A continuación se revisarán los aspectos más relevantes del trasplante cardíaco y los desafíos que enfrenta en la actualidad.A heart transplant is at present considered the treatment of choice in cases of terminal cardiac insufficiency refractory to medical or surgical treatment. Due to factors such as the greater life expectancy of the population and the more efficient management of acute coronary syndromes, there is an increasing number of people who suffer from heart failure. It is estimated that the prevalence of the disease in developed countries is around 1%; of this figure, some 10% are in an advanced stage and are thus potential receptors of a heart transplant. The problem is that it is still not possible to offer this therapeutic form to all of the patients that require it. Consequently, it is necessary to

  12. Comparison of fixation disparity curve parameters obtained with the Wesson and Saladin fixation disparity cards

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ngan, Janice; Goss, David A; Despirito, Joseph

    2005-01-01

    This study compared fixation curve parameters with two commercially available fixation disparity cards, one that has been available for several years, the Wesson card, and a new one, the Saladin card...

  13. 77 FR 4054 - Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: TSA Customer Comment Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-26

    ... a customer comment card to collect passenger comments at airports, including complaints, compliments.... The card is being used by TSA at airports to collect customer comments, including complaints... OMB Review: TSA Customer Comment Card AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration, DHS. ACTION:...

  14. Testing Of The Muon Port Card And Related Electronics For The Cms Endcap Muon Trigger System

    CERN Document Server

    Pawloski, G J

    2004-01-01

    This thesis is related to the design of the level one endcap muon trigger system for the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This system is designed to use muon measurements to help reduce a computationally overwhelming 40 MHz signal of collision data (∼40 TBytes/sec) to a manageable 33kHz (∼33GBytes/sec) [1]. The main focus of this thesis will be on the validation of one of the electronics boards in the trigger device chain. This board is used to pick the 3 most interesting muons out of 18 measured in a single crossing. Referred to as the Muon Port Card, this card will be located on the periphery of the detector and can be tested through a VME back plane.

  15. CERN Access Cards and Access Authorisations

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    From the 01/05/2003, all problems relating to access cards and refusal of access to any zone, building or experiment within CERN must be addressed to the Centrale de Surveillance des Accès (CSA building 120) on 78877 or send an e-mail to Access.Surveillance@cern.ch. The responsibles for CERN access control have put into place a procedure with the CSA, Service Enregistrement and the Technical Control Room, to make sure that all problems get resolved in a proper and timely manner.

  16. Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs 2 (MFCP2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs 2 (MFCP2) (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 14 is being distributed for use in development and testing of automated fingerprint classification and matching systems on a set of images which approximate a natural horizontal distribution of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) fingerprint classes. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  17. The importance of health literacy in the development of ‘Self Care’ cards for community pharmacies in Ireland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coughlan D

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: ‘Self Care’ cards play a significant role in delivering health education via community pharmacies in Australia and New Zealand. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate whether such an initiative could have a similar impact in an Irish context. The secondary objective was to understand the importance of health literacy to this initiative.Methods: Ten cards were developed for the Irish healthcare setting and trialed as a proof of concept study. The pilot study ran in ten community pharmacies in the greater Cork area for a six-month period. Using a mixed methods approach (Questionnaires & focus group staff and patient reactions to the initiative were obtained. Concurrent to the pilot study, readability scores of cards (Flesch-Kincaid, Fry, SMOG methods and the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM health literacy screening tool was administered to a sample of patients.Results: 88.7% of patient respondents (n=53 liked the concept of the ‘Self Care’ cards and 83% of respondents agreed that the use of the card was beneficial to their understanding of their ailment. Focus groups with Pharmacy staff highlighted the importance of appropriate training for the future development of this initiative. An emerging theme from designing the cards was health literacy. The pilot ‘Self Care’ cards were pitched at too high a literacy level for the general Irish public to understand as determined by readability score methods. It was found that 19.1% of a sample population (n=199 was deemed to have low health literacy skills.Conclusion: The ‘Self Care’ initiative has the potential to be Pharmacy’s contribution to health education in Ireland. The initiative needs to be cognizant of the health literacy framework that equates the skills of individuals to the demands placed upon them.

  18. Unique in the shopping mall: On the reidentifiability of credit card metadata

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Radaelli, Laura; Singh, Vivek Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Large-scale data sets of human behavior have the potential to fundamentally transform the way we fight diseases, design cities, or perform research. Metadata, however, contain sensitive information. Understanding the privacy of these data sets is key to their broad use and, ultimately, their impa...... sets that provide coarse information at any or all of the dimensions provide little anonymity and that women are more reidentifiable than men in credit card metadata....

  19. The AX-PET demonstrator-Design, construction and characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beltrame, P. [CERN, PH Department, CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Bolle, E. [University of Oslo, NO-0317 Oslo (Norway); Braem, A. [CERN, PH Department, CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Casella, C., E-mail: Chiara.Casella@cern.ch [Institute for Particle Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Chesi, E. [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Clinthorne, N. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); De Leo, R. [INFN, Sezione di Bari, I-70122 Bari (Italy); Dissertori, G.; Djambazov, L. [Institute for Particle Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Fanti, V.; Heller, M.; Joram, C. [CERN, PH Department, CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Kagan, H. [Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Lustermann, W. [Institute for Particle Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Meddi, F. [University of Rome ' La Sapienza' , I-00185 Rome (Italy); Nappi, E. [INFN, Sezione di Bari, I-70122 Bari (Italy); Nessi-Tedaldi, F. [Institute for Particle Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Oliver, J.F. [IFIC (Universidad de Valencia/CSIC), E-46071 Valencia (Spain); Pauss, F. [Institute for Particle Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Rafecas, M. [IFIC (Universidad de Valencia/CSIC), E-46071 Valencia (Spain); and others

    2011-10-21

    Axial PET is a novel geometrical concept for Positron Emission Tomography (PET), based on layers of long scintillating crystals axially aligned with the bore axis. The axial coordinate is obtained from arrays of wavelength shifting (WLS) plastic strips placed orthogonally to the crystals. This article describes the design, construction and performance evaluation of a demonstrator set-up which consists of two identical detector modules, used in coincidence. Each module comprises 48 LYSO crystals of 100 mm length and 156 WLS strips. Crystals and strips are readout by Geiger-mode Avalanche Photo Diodes (G-APDs). The signals from the two modules are processed by fully analog front-end electronics and recorded in coincidence by a VME-based data acquisition system. Measurements with point-like {sup 22}Na sources, with the modules used both individually and in coincidence mode, allowed for a complete performance evaluation up to the focal plane reconstruction of point sources. The results obtained are in good agreement with expectations and proved the set-up to be ready for the next evaluation phase with PET phantoms filled with radiotracers.

  20. 75 FR 32158 - Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Information Collection; SRS Publications Evaluation Card AGENCY... organizations on the extension, with no revision, of a currently approved information collection, SRS Publications Evaluation Card. DATES: Comments must be received in writing on or before August 6, 2010 to...

  1. IR Cards: Inquiry-Based Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Jacqueline; Forster, Tabetha

    2010-01-01

    As infrared spectroscopy (IR) is frequently used in undergraduate organic chemistry courses, an inductive introduction to IR spectroscopy that uses index cards printed with spectra, structures, and chemical names is described. Groups of students are given an alphabetized deck of these "IR cards" to sort into functional groups. The students then…

  2. Fingerprint match-on-card: review and outlook

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Shabalala, MB

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available to traditional biometric systems implemented on PCs’ and servers, smart cards are resource constrained. In addition smart cards do not implement mathematical functions such as trigonometry since they are mainly meant for secure data storage and simple processing...

  3. CARD15 gene and the classification of Crohn's disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Murillo, L; Crusius, JBA; van Bodegraven, AA; Alizadeh, BZ; Pena, AS

    2002-01-01

    An insertion mutation at nucleotide 3020 (3020insC) in the CARD15 gene, originally reported as NOD2, has been strongly associated with Crohn's disease. The CARD15 G2722C missense mutation was also shown to be associated with this disease. We studied 130 Dutch Crohn's disease patients, with a median

  4. IR Cards: Inquiry-Based Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Jacqueline; Forster, Tabetha

    2010-01-01

    As infrared spectroscopy (IR) is frequently used in undergraduate organic chemistry courses, an inductive introduction to IR spectroscopy that uses index cards printed with spectra, structures, and chemical names is described. Groups of students are given an alphabetized deck of these "IR cards" to sort into functional groups. The students then…

  5. 75 FR 81721 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    .... II. Overview of the Debit Card Industry Over the past several decades, there have been significant... slow growth during the 1980s and early 1990s, debit card transaction volume began to grow very rapidly... transactions for hotel stays or car rentals, where the exact amount of the transaction is not known at the time...

  6. Using Library of Congress Playing Cards to Train Student Shelvers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jim

    1996-01-01

    Describes the procedures and benefits of using Library of Congress Playing Card games to teach library staff number sequencing and thereby reduce shelving errors. Appendixes include illustrations of the cards themselves, including table showing which call numbers correspond to various suits and values; training handouts; and two proposed studies.…

  7. Using Playing Cards to Simulate a Molecular Clock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westerling, Karin E.

    2008-01-01

    Changes in DNA base-repair may serve as an indicator of the time elapsed since divergence from a common ancestor. DNA sequences can now be analyzed. The simulation presented in this article allows students to observe the accumulation of changes in a randomly mutating sequence of playing cards. The cards are analogous to DNA nucleotide or protein…

  8. Development of the biology card sorting task to measure conceptual expertise in biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Julia I; Combs, Elijah D; Nagami, Paul H; Alto, Valerie M; Goh, Henry G; Gourdet, Muryam A A; Hough, Christina M; Nickell, Ashley E; Peer, Adrian G; Coley, John D; Tanner, Kimberly D

    2013-01-01

    There are widespread aspirations to focus undergraduate biology education on teaching students to think conceptually like biologists; however, there is a dearth of assessment tools designed to measure progress from novice to expert biological conceptual thinking. We present the development of a novel assessment tool, the Biology Card Sorting Task, designed to probe how individuals organize their conceptual knowledge of biology. While modeled on tasks from cognitive psychology, this task is unique in its design to test two hypothesized conceptual frameworks for the organization of biological knowledge: 1) a surface feature organization focused on organism type and 2) a deep feature organization focused on fundamental biological concepts. In this initial investigation of the Biology Card Sorting Task, each of six analytical measures showed statistically significant differences when used to compare the card sorting results of putative biological experts (biology faculty) and novices (non-biology major undergraduates). Consistently, biology faculty appeared to sort based on hypothesized deep features, while non-biology majors appeared to sort based on either surface features or nonhypothesized organizational frameworks. Results suggest that this novel task is robust in distinguishing populations of biology experts and biology novices and may be an adaptable tool for tracking emerging biology conceptual expertise.

  9. Disritmias cardíacas e anestesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Nacur Lorentz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: As disritmias são complicações relativamente comuns no período perioperatório, devendo ser diagnosticadas e adequadamente tratadas pelo anestesiologista quando houver indicação para tal. Este artigo foi elaborado com o objetivo de revisar os aspectos mais relevantes das disritmias cardíacas para o anestesiologista, bem como estabelecer relação de causa e efeito entre os fármacos utilizados no período perioperatório e as disritmias. CONTEÚDO: São apresentados neste artigo os mecanismos das disritmias, os fármacos que potencialmente causam disritmias, além do diagnóstico e tratamento no período perioperatório. CONCLUSÕES: As disritmias que ocorrem no período perioperatório muitas vezes não demandam tratamento e, em outras tantas, o tratamento pode gerar uma verdadeira iatrogenia. Portanto, o conhecimento das disritmias cardíacas e dos fatores que podem desencadeá-las possibilita ao anestesiologista melhor abordagem perioperatória, evitando tratamentos equivocados ou desnecessários.

  10. 基于“银医一卡通”系统的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Medical Process Based on Bank Hospital One Card System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永丰; 陈文迪; 陈杰; 赵雪雷; 叶晓景; 黄智勇

    2016-01-01

    目的:解决门诊就医中"三长一短"的情况,提高门诊的运行效率,方便患者就诊。方法:采用B/S结构,以Oracle数据库作为服务端,客户端程序使用JAVA开发工具。结果:本系统功能强大,操作界面简洁,易学实用,具有标准化、个性化、智能化等优点。结论:改善了病人就医流程,分担了医院收费窗口压力,为医院带来了显著的经济效益和社会效益。%Objective: To resolve the situation of three long and one short in outpatient, to improve clinic operational efficiency and facilitate patient treatment. Method: The software is developed by using B/S software model that is using oracle database as the server and using JAVA development tools to design the client program. Result: The function of this system is powerful and it can be used easily by the operator. The system is also very intelligent. The software offers the standardized and individualistic template to the operator. Conclusion: improve the processes of hospitalizing for the patients, relieve the pressure of hospital charging windows, the brand new medical payment process will obviously bring the hospital remarkable economic benefits and positive social impact.

  11. 基于员工ID卡的医院智能考勤管理系统开发及应用%Design and Application of Hospital Intelligent Attendance Management System Based on Staff ID' s Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐雄

    2012-01-01

    Objectively means of information to improve hospital attendance management quality, and enhance employee satisfaction. Methods:By using Client / Middleware / Server architecture, PowerBuilder 10,Visual Studio 2010 programming tools and SQL SERVER 2008 database technology, we designed and applied the hospital intelligent attendance management system. Results we realize the staff attendance information collection and statistics of the standardization and systematization; and realize the mobile phone SMS timely informing function of the staff attendance information; and realize the interface between the attendance information and staff bonus software, human resources system. Conclusion:The successful application of hospital intelligent attendance management system, insure that the objectivity and justice of hospital attendance management, improve the staff attendance quality, and gain the praise of the hospital leaders and staff.%目的:通过信息化手段提高医院考勤管理质量,提高员工满意度.方法:采用Client/Middleware/Server体系结构,PowerBuilder10、Visual Studio 2010编程工具以及SQL SERVER 2008数据库技术,开发了医院智能考勤管理系统并加以应用.结果:实现了员工考勤信息采集和统计的规范化、系统化;实现了员工考勤信息手机短信及时告之功能;实现了考勤信息与员工奖金发放软件和人力资源系统的对接.结论:系统的成功实施,保证了医院考勤管理的客观、公正,提高了员工出勤质量,得到了医院领导员工的一致好评.

  12. Anonymous Card Shuffling and its Applications to Parallel Mixnets

    CERN Document Server

    Goodrich, Michael T

    2012-01-01

    We study the question of how to shuffle $n$ cards when faced with an opponent who knows the initial position of all the cards {\\em and} can track every card when permuted, {\\em except} when one takes $K< n$ cards at a time and shuffles them in a private buffer "behind your back," which we call {\\em buffer shuffling}. The problem arises naturally in the context of parallel mixnet servers as well as other security applications. Our analysis is based on related analyses of load-balancing processes. We include extensions to variations that involve corrupted servers and adversarially injected messages, which correspond to an opponent who can peek at some shuffles in the buffer and who can mark some number of the cards. In addition, our analysis makes novel use of a sum-of-squares metric for anonymity, which leads to improved performance bounds for parallel mixnets and can also be used to bound well-known existing anonymity measures.

  13. Vulnerabilities in First-Generation RFID-enabled Credit Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heydt-Benjamin, Thomas S.; Bailey, Daniel V.; Fu, Kevin; Juels, Ari; O'Hare, Tom

    RFID-enabled credit cards are widely deployed in the United States and other countries, but no public study has thoroughly analyzed the mechanisms that provide both security and privacy. Using samples from a variety of RFID-enabled credit cards, our study observes that (1) the cardholder's name and often credit card number and expiration are leaked in plaintext to unauthenticated readers, (2) our homemade device costing around 150 effectively clones one type of skimmed cards thus providing a proof-of-concept implementation for the RF replay attack, (3) information revealed by the RFID transmission cross contaminates the security of RFID and non-RFID payment contexts, and (4) RFID-enabled credit cards are susceptible in various degrees to a range of other traditional RFID attacks such as skimming and relaying.

  14. Perceptual and cognitive characteristics of common playing cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Jay A; Amlani, Alym A; Rensink, Ronald A

    2012-01-01

    We examined the perceptual and cognitive characteristics of the playing cards commonly used in the Western world. Specifically, we measured their visibility, memorability, likability, and verbal and visual accessibility. Based on visibility and memorability, four groups of cards were distinguished: the Ace of Spades, other Aces, number cards, and face cards. Within each of these groups, there were few differences due to value or suit. Based on likability and accessibility, three additional groups were distinguished: the Ace of Hearts, Queen of Hearts, and King of Hearts. Several interesting relations were found between how people remember, like, and access cards; some of these were similar to effects found in studies of visual perception, while others seemed entirely new. Our results demonstrate that rigorous examination of real-world stimuli can shed light on the perception of ordinary objects, as well as help us understand why magic works in the mind.

  15. Library of Cards: Reconnecting the Scholar and the Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mita Williams

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on a presentation I gave at the Access Conference in Toronto, Ontario on September 10th, 2015. Both the presentation and this paper are explorations in three parts. The first part is a short history lesson on the use of paper cards by scholars and librarians, which led to the introduction of the “Scholar’s Box.” The second part asks the question: Can we consider Zotero as the Scholar’s Box of the digital age when it cannot capture important metadata such as linked open data? It is recognized that this is not just a shortcoming of Zotero: research is surprisingly still very difficult to share between scholars, libraries, and writing tools. This is due to an inability to capture the “invisible text” when we copy and paste citations from one application to another. The third part establishes that the digital card is now the dominant design pattern of web and mobile, and notes that these systems are largely restricted to proprietary platforms, which restricts the movement of cards between systems. This paper then suggests how we might transform the historical Scholar’s Box, by using HTML5 index cards from Cardstack.io as a means to bring new forms of sharing on the web, and, in doing so, reconnect the scholar to the library. Cet article est basé sur un exposé que j’ai donné à Access Conference à Toronto le 10 septembre 2015. L’exposé et cet article sont des explorations en trois parties. La première partie est une leçon d’histoire courte sur l’usage des cartes en papier par les spécialistes et les bibliothécaires, qui a mené à l’introduction du “Scholar’s Box”. La seconde partie pose la question: Est-ce que nous pouvons considérer Zotero comme le “Scholar’s Box” de l’âge numérique, même s’il ne peut pas capturer des métadonnées importantes telles que les données liées ouvertes? On reconnaît que ce n’est pas seulement une lacune de Zotero: étonnement, la recherche est

  16. Spelling Practice Intervention: A Comparison of Tablet PC and Picture Cards as Spelling Practice Methods for Students with Developmental Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seok, Soonhwa; DaCosta, Boaventura; Yu, Byeong Min

    2015-01-01

    The present study compared a spelling practice intervention using a tablet personal computer (PC) and picture cards with three students diagnosed with developmental disabilities. An alternating-treatments design with a non-concurrent multiple-baseline across participants was used. The aims of the present study were: (a) to determine if…

  17. Spelling Practice Intervention: A Comparison of Tablet PC and Picture Cards as Spelling Practice Methods for Students with Developmental Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seok, Soonhwa; DaCosta, Boaventura; Yu, Byeong Min

    2015-01-01

    The present study compared a spelling practice intervention using a tablet personal computer (PC) and picture cards with three students diagnosed with developmental disabilities. An alternating-treatments design with a non-concurrent multiple-baseline across participants was used. The aims of the present study were: (a) to determine if…

  18. The Relationship between Components of the Ohio Local School District Report Card and the Outcome of a School Tax Levy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheatley, Vicki Ann

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between components of the local school district report card, school district typology, and the outcome of public school tax levy requests were examined in this study. A correlation research design was used to measure the relationship between the independent variables (performance index, average yearly progress, value added,…

  19. Learning Rates and Known-to-Unknown Flash-Card Ratios: Comparing Effectiveness While Holding Instructional Time Constant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Bethany E.; Skinner, Christopher H.; Black, Michelle P.; Yaw, Jared; Booher, Joshua; Delisle, Jean

    2013-01-01

    Using alternating treatments designs, we compared learning rates across 2 computer-based flash-card interventions (3?min each): a traditional drill intervention with 15 unknown words and an interspersal intervention with 12 known words and 3 unknown words. Each student acquired more words under the traditional drill intervention. Discussion…

  20. Comparison of fixation disparity measured by saladin card and disparometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frantz, Kelly A; Elston, Phillip; Michalik, Emily; Templeman, Carrah D; Zoltoski, Rebecca K

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the fixation disparity (FD) measurements taken with the Saladin Near Point Balance Card (Saladin card) to those made with the Sheedy Disparometer, and to determine if the same clinical norms used with the Disparometer can be applied to the newer Saladin card. Subjects were 44 optometry students (aged 23 to 34 years) without strabismus, amblyopia, or asthenopia during near work. They were randomized to begin at one of three examiners' stations: dissociated near phoria using Modified Thorington card; FD with Saladin card; and FD with Disparometer. Subjects proceeded to each station in turn. FD was measured for each subject through forced vergence demands of 0, 3, 6, and 9 base-in (BI), and 3, 6, 9, 16, and 20 base-out (BO), alternating BI and BO demands. Examiners were masked to subjects' results from the other stations. FD curve (FDC) types were the same with the two instruments in most cases. However, statistically significant differences were found for FDC slopes (p = 0.048), y intercepts (p Saladin card. FD values through BO prisms showed no statistically significant differences but great variability. The two instruments generally produce similar types of FDCs. However, the Disparometer tends to yield more eso/less exo FD measurements compared with the Saladin card. Although the newer Saladin card frequently produces FDC slopes and y intercepts within the expected range (as published for the Disparometer) for asymptomatic subjects, slopes and y intercepts obtained by the Saladin card are not sufficiently similar to those obtained by the Disparometer to warrant use of the same norms. Further study is needed to establish appropriate norms for the Saladin card.

  1. Cobacabana (control of balance by card-based navigation) : A card-based system for job shop control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Land, M.J.

    2009-01-01

    Existing card-based production control systems such as Kanban are mostly dedicated to repetitive production environments. Cards-based systems for job shop control are lacking, while particularly this industry segment shows a need for simple control systems. This paper aims at filling the gap by pres

  2. Cobacabana (control of balance by card-based navigation) : A card-based system for job shop control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Land, M.J.

    Existing card-based production control systems such as Kanban are mostly dedicated to repetitive production environments. Cards-based systems for job shop control are lacking, while particularly this industry segment shows a need for simple control systems. This paper aims at filling the gap by

  3. Comparison of fixation disparity curve parameters obtained with the Wesson and Saladin fixation disparity cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngan, Janice; Goss, David A; Despirito, Joseph

    2005-01-01

    This study compared fixation curve parameters with two commercially available fixation disparity cards, one that has been available for several years, the Wesson card, and a new one, the Saladin card. Fixation disparity curves were measured on 50 subjects with the Wesson fixation disparity card and the Saladin fixation disparity card. The x intercepts were on average more in the base-in direction with the Wesson card than with the Saladin card. The y intercepts were shifted in the exo direction with the Wesson card compared with the Saladin card. The slope with the Wesson card was steeper than the slope obtained with the Saladin card. The distribution of curve types was also different with the two different instruments. Fixation disparity curves measured with these two instruments are different, and separate norms should be used for each fixation disparity measurement method.

  4. Study on Design Specifications and Wear Behavior of MCC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Shou-xing; ZHU Shi-gen

    2006-01-01

    Main design parameters of MCC (metallic card clothing)which include front angle, base width, tooth pitch, and tooth point dimensions are discussed to investigate the carding effect of MCC. Experimental results show that type C machine has the best carding effect, which is not ascribed to single factor control but the integrated design optimization and good performance of wire teeth. In comparison with the teeth design, the wire performance is another important factor that influences the performance of modern high efficient production carding machine.

  5. Novel disulfide bond-mediated dimerization of the CARD domain was revealed by the crystal structure of CARMA1 CARD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tae-ho Jang

    Full Text Available CARMA1, BCL10 and MALT1 form a large molecular complex known as the CARMA1 signalosome during lymphocyte activation. Lymphocyte activation via the CARMA1 signalosome is critical to immune response and linked to many immune diseases. Despite the important role of the CARMA1 signalosome during lymphocyte activation and proliferation, limited structural information is available. Here, we report the dimeric structure of CARMA1 CARD at a resolution of 3.2 Å. Interestingly, although CARMA1 CARD has a canonical six helical-bundles structural fold similar to other CARDs, CARMA1 CARD shows the first homo-dimeric structure of CARD formed by a disulfide bond and reveals a possible biologically important homo-dimerization mechanism.

  6. Research on Security Test of Smart Card COS%智能卡COS安全性测试研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国俊; 董晶晶; 周瑾

    2014-01-01

    Smart card COS is an important software control part,which controls the smart card data communication and storage. Security of smart card COS is an important basis for the healthy and orderly development of information application,therefore,smart card COS must be tested comprehensively. Firstly,describe the structure of smart card COS. Then analyze information assets need to protect and se-curity threat and risks of smart card COS. On the basis,propose security mechanisms need to be considered in the state of design and de-velopment of smart card COS,discuss the way to build the platform of security test and evaluation of smart card. At last,analyze the key technology of security test and evaluation of smart card from security function test and penetration test.%智能卡COS是智能卡中重要的软件控制部分,它控制着智能卡内外部的数据通信和存储。智能卡COS的安全性是信息化应用健康有序进展的重要基础,因此,必须对智能卡COS进行科学全面的测试评价。文中首先描述了智能卡COS的组成结构;然后分析了智能卡COS需要保护的信息资产及其面临的安全威胁,在此基础之上,提出智能卡COS在软件设计实现中需要考虑的安全机制,阐明如何构建智能卡COS安全性测试评价平台;最后,重点从安全功能测试和穿透性测试两个方面阐述了智能卡COS安全测试的关键技术。

  7. Young Generation Attitudes and Awareness Towards the Implementation of Smart Card in Bahrain: An Exploratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel I. Al-Alawi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available SmartCards are one of the latest additions to the continuing list of advancements and innovations in the world of information and communication technology. A SmartCard resembles in size and shape to a normal credit card or bank ATM card, with a microprocessor chip implanted into the plastic card. These cards are used not just as identity cards, like the earliest versions of such cards, but hold a relatively huge amount of editable information including the card holder's bank data, e-purse, finger print, health record, blood type, traffic and license details and other such vital information. The purpose of this study was to present a general overview of SmartCards, a brief history, features and applications of SmartCards and the introduction of SmartCards in the Kingdom of Bahrain. This study collects some information about the features and related issues regarding the SmartCards which are to be issued to the public. A total of 513 questionnaires were distributed to students of the University of Bahrain. The questions asked included questions to check the acceptance of the people to replace their current cards with a SmartCards and their awareness of the new National SmartCard in Bahrain. It also evaluates the efforts taken by the government to create awareness among the public about the usage and features of the SmartCards.

  8. [Text Comprehensibility of Hospital Report Cards].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, U; Kolb, B; Christoph, C; Emmert, M

    2016-12-01

    Objectives: Recently, the number of hospital report cards that compare quality of hospitals and present information from German quality reports has greatly increased. Objectives of this study were to a) identify suitable methods for measuring the readability and comprehensibility of hospital report cards, b) to obtain reliable information on the comprehensibility of texts for laymen, c) to give recommendations for improvements and d) to recommend public health actions. Methods: The readability and comprehensibility of the texts were tested with a) a computer-aided evaluation of formal text characteristics (readability indices Flesch (German formula) and 1. Wiener Sachtextformel formula), b) an expert-based heuristic analysis of readability and comprehensibility of texts (counting technical terms and analysis of text simplicity as well as brevity and conciseness using the Hamburg intelligibility model) and c) a survey of subjects about the comprehensibility of individual technical terms, the assessment of the comprehensibility of the presentations and the subjects' decisions in favour of one of the 5 presented clinics due to the better quality of data. In addition, the correlation between the results of the text analysis with the results from the survey of subjects was tested. Results: The assessment of texts with the computer-aided evaluations showed poor comprehensibility values. The assessment of text simplicity using the Hamburg intelligibility model showed poor comprehensibility values (-0.3). On average, 6.8% of the words used were technical terms. A review of 10 technical terms revealed that in all cases only a minority of respondents (from 4.4% to 39.1%) exactly knew what was meant by each of them. Most subjects (62.4%) also believed that unclear terms worsened their understanding of the information offered. The correlation analysis showed that presentations with a lower frequency of technical terms and better values for the text simplicity were better

  9. submitter Status of the Demonstrator Magnets for the EuCARD-2 Future Magnets Project

    CERN Document Server

    Kirby, G; Badel, A; Bajko, M; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Dhalle, M; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Fleiter, J; Goldacker, W; Haro, E; Himbele, J; Kario, A; Langeslag, S; Lorin, C; Murtzomaki, J; van Nugteren, J; de Rijk, G; Salmi, T; Senatore, C; Stenvall, A; Tixador, P; Usoskin, A; Volpini, G; Yang, Y; Zangenberg, N

    2016-01-01

    EuCARD-2 is a project partly supported by FP7 European Commission aiming at exploring accelerator magnet technology for 20-T dipole operating field. The EuCARD-2 collaboration is liaising with similar programs for high-field magnets in the U.S. and Japan. EuCARD-2 focuses, through the work package 10 “future magnets,” on the development of a 10-kA-class superconducting high-current-density cable suitable for accelerator magnets, for a 5-T stand-alone dipole of 40-mm bore and about 1-m length. After stand-alone testing, the magnet will be inserted in a large bore background dipole, 10-18 T. This paper reports on the design and development of models, which are called Feather0, wound with REBCO Roebel cable. Based on aligned block design to take advantage of the anisotropy of the REBCO tapes, Feather0 is a precursor of Feather2, which should reach the project goals in 2016. Feather0 is planned to be tested both in stand alone and as an insert mounted in the CERN Fresca facility providing 10-T background fiel...

  10. Cryptanalysis And Further Improvement Of A Biometric-Based Remote User Authentication Scheme Using Smart Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Kumar Das

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Recently, Li et al. proposed a secure biometric-based remote user authentication scheme using smartcards to withstand the security flaws of Li-Hwang’s efficient biometric-based remote user authenticationscheme using smart cards. Li et al.’s scheme is based on biometrics verification, smart card and one-wayhash function, and it also uses the random nonce rather than a synchronized clock, and thus it is efficientin computational cost and more secure than Li-Hwang’s scheme. Unfortunately, in this paper we showthat Li et al.’s scheme still has some security weaknesses in their design. In order to withstand thoseweaknesses in their scheme, we further propose an improvement of their scheme so that the improvedscheme always provides proper authentication and as a result, it establishes a session key between theuser and the server at the end of successful user authentication.

  11. Identity and privacy. Unique in the shopping mall: on the reidentifiability of credit card metadata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Radaelli, Laura; Singh, Vivek Kumar; Pentland, Alex Sandy

    2015-01-30

    Large-scale data sets of human behavior have the potential to fundamentally transform the way we fight diseases, design cities, or perform research. Metadata, however, contain sensitive information. Understanding the privacy of these data sets is key to their broad use and, ultimately, their impact. We study 3 months of credit card records for 1.1 million people and show that four spatiotemporal points are enough to uniquely reidentify 90% of individuals. We show that knowing the price of a transaction increases the risk of reidentification by 22%, on average. Finally, we show that even data sets that provide coarse information at any or all of the dimensions provide little anonymity and that women are more reidentifiable than men in credit card metadata.

  12. The Study of Application System for Small and Medium CTI Based on Voice Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong Dong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of computer telecommunications integration (CTI technology, the development of application system for small and medium CTI are updated constantly, but the study of application system for small and medium CTI, we are lack of a stability and unified model. In this paper, the author analyzes the unified structure platform of application system for small and medium CTI based on voice card. Meanwhile, the author introduces a suitable software architecture model and general procedural framework for application system for small and medium CTI based on voice card by using the idea of hierarchical design, which shows the versatility of the architecture. It provided an efficient channel for the development of small and medium CTI.

  13. Superstrumps: the Card Game with a Mission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syd Moore

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The artist interview in this dossier is an example of collaborative work between an artist and a writer. It is a showcase of how popular culture can be re-appropriated. The interviewees are the co-creators of the card game Superstrumps developed to address the issue of stereotyping of women. In the interview, they recount the process of creating the game involving other women from their local community. This exemplifies how a strategy for resisting and reclaiming identities undermined by negative labelling is developed. Their views are strongly shaped by their feminist principles. The interview acknowledges the complex nature of identities, the challenge of media representation and the symbiotic relationship between media and audiences is revealed.

  14. A stack of cards rebuilt with calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazachkov, Alexander; Kireš, Marián

    2017-07-01

    Previous work covers building a tower from a stack of homogeneous rectangular plates, each with a maximum shift in displacement. We suggest using plates shaped as curvilinear triangles bounded by segments of power-law functions. The masses of the plates and the position of their center of mass are calculated and measured experimentally after cutting them out from cardboard and aluminum sheets. A computer simulation of the displacement towers is combined with their live building. Individual maximum shifts of the plates in the stack prove to be much bigger the higher the power coefficient of the boundary curves. The resulting total overhang of such a displacement tower may exceed that of a stack of traditionally used homogeneous rectangular cards.

  15. Authentications of Myanmar National Registration Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myint Myint Sein

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The automatic identification system of Myanmar national registration card (NRC holder is presented in this paper. The proposed system can be handled the identification by the extracted low quality face image and fingerprint image from Myanmar NRC. Both of the facial recognition and fingerprint recognition system are developed for Myanmar citizenship confirmation. Age invariant face recognition algorithm is performed based on combination of DiaPCA (Diagonal principal Component Analysis and KNN (Kth nearest neighbor classifier approaches. An algorithm of the fingerprint recognition is proposed for recognition of the poor quality fingerprint image with fabric background.  Several experiments have been done for confirming the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  16. The ProCard mobile banking system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The mobile banking involves the use of some mobile telecommunication devices (such phones or PDAs - Personal Digital Assistants in order to complete, in a secure manner, banking transactions (like payments, transfers, account information and so on. It doesn't matter where the user is physically located. Also, the hour when the services are requested is not important anymore, because, thanks to the internet banking, the offices are virtually opened 24 hours per day. The ProCard system represents a suite of applications used to perform mobile banking. It was intended to be a universal solution that allows EFT, Internet and mobile banking in a single package. No special software or hardware is required

  17. The Donation-Payment Gift Card Concept: how to give twice with one card

    CERN Document Server

    Crane, R; Sornette, D

    2005-01-01

    Standard economic theory, starting with Adam Smith's invisible hand, holds that those who trade for their own selfish motives of maximizing their private preferences may contribute more to the public wealth than those who claim altruistic motives. Under restrictive conditions, this has been shown to result from a self-organizing mechanism acting at the global system level, which ensures that optimal allocation of resources derives from competition within the rule of law. In a nutshell, according to this view, being competitively selfish adds value for all. But to what degree can doing good add competitive value to products and services? We propose the creation of the Donation-Payment card as a solution to the legal and moral issues plaguing the emerging anonymous, direct-to-consumer, stored-value prepaid (SVP) card market. Our proposal to redirect millions of dollars whose status is in conflict not only improves society and empowers people, but also represents the best free-market solution to the SVP-Cards in...

  18. The swipe card model of odorant recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookes, Jennifer C; Horsfield, Andrew P; Stoneham, A Marshall

    2012-11-12

    Just how we discriminate between the different odours we encounter is not completely understood yet. While obviously a matter involving biology, the core issue isa matter for physics: what microscopic interactions enable the receptors in our noses-small protein switches—to distinguish scent molecules? We survey what is and is not known about the physical processes that take place when we smell things, highlighting the difficulties in developing a full understanding of the mechanics of odorant recognition. The main current theories, discussed here, fall into two major groups. One class emphasises the scent molecule's shape, and is described informally as a "lock and key" mechanism. But there is another category, which we focus on and which we call "swipe card" theories:the molecular shape must be good enough, but the information that identifies the smell involves other factors. One clearly-defined "swipe card" mechanism that we discuss here is Turin's theory, in which inelastic electron tunnelling is used to discern olfactant vibration frequencies. This theory is explicitly quantal, since it requires the molecular vibrations to take in or give out energy only in discrete quanta. These ideas lead to obvious experimental tests and challenges. We describe the current theory in a form that takes into account molecular shape as well as olfactant vibrations. It emerges that this theory can explain many observations hard to reconcile in other ways. There are still some important gaps in a comprehensive physics-based description of the central steps in odorant recognition. We also discuss how far these ideas carry over to analogous processes involving other small biomolecules, like hormones, steroids and neurotransmitters. We conclude with a discussion of possible quantum behaviours in biology more generally, the case of olfaction being just one example. This paper is presented in honour of Prof. Marshall Stoneham who passed away unexpectedly during its writing.

  19. Consensus and conflict cards for metabolic pathway databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background The metabolic network of H. sapiens and many other organisms is described in multiple pathway databases. The level of agreement between these descriptions, however, has proven to be low. We can use these different descriptions to our advantage by identifying conflicting information and combining their knowledge into a single, more accurate, and more complete description. This task is, however, far from trivial. Results We introduce the concept of Consensus and Conflict Cards (C2Cards) to provide concise overviews of what the databases do or do not agree on. Each card is centered at a single gene, EC number or reaction. These three complementary perspectives make it possible to distinguish disagreements on the underlying biology of a metabolic process from differences that can be explained by different decisions on how and in what detail to represent knowledge. As a proof-of-concept, we implemented C2CardsHuman, as a web application http://www.molgenis.org/c2cards, covering five human pathway databases. Conclusions C2Cards can contribute to ongoing reconciliation efforts by simplifying the identification of consensus and conflicts between pathway databases and lowering the threshold for experts to contribute. Several case studies illustrate the potential of the C2Cards in identifying disagreements on the underlying biology of a metabolic process. The overviews may also point out controversial biological knowledge that should be subject of further research. Finally, the examples provided emphasize the importance of manual curation and the need for a broad community involvement. PMID:23803311

  20. Investigating customer racial discrimination in the secondary baseball card market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primm, Eric; Piquero, Nicole Leeper; Piquero, Alex R; Regoli, Robert M

    2011-01-01

    A growing body of literature in a variety of disciplines has appeared over the last 20 years examining customer racial bias in the secondary sports card market; however, consensus on the matter has yet to emerge. In this article, we explore the more subtle ways that a player's race/ethnicity may affect the value of his sports card including a player's skin tone (light- to dark-skinned). Data were obtained for 383 black, Latino, and white baseball players who had received at least one vote for induction into Major League Baseball's Hall of Fame including their career performance statistics, rookie card price, card availability, Hall of Fame status, and skin tone. Findings indicate that card availability is the primary determinant of card value while a player's skin tone has no direct effect. Subsequent analysis demonstrates that a player's race (white/non-white) rather than skin tone did have an effect as it interacts with Hall of Fame status to influence his rookie card price.

  1. Credit Card Risk Behavior on College Campuses: Evidence from Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wesley Mendes-da-Silva

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available College students frequently show they have little skill when it comes to using a credit card in a responsible manner. This article deals with this issue in an emerging market and in a pioneering manner. University students (n = 769 in São Paulo, Brazil’s main financial center, replied to a questionnaire about their credit card use habits. Using Logit models, associations were discovered between personal characteristics and credit card use habits that involve financially risky behavior. The main results were: (a a larger number of credit cards increases the probability of risky behavior; (b students who alleged they knew what interest rates the card administrators were charging were less inclined to engage in risky behavior. The results are of interest to the financial industry, to university managers and to policy makers. This article points to the advisability, indeed necessity, of providing students with information about the use of financial products (notably credit cards bearing in mind the high interest rates which their users are charged. The findings regarding student behavior in the use of credit cards in emerging economies are both significant and relevant. Furthermore, financial literature, while recognizing the importance of the topic, has not significantly examined the phenomenon in emerging economies.

  2. Precautionary Borrowing and the Credit Card Debt Puzzle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Druedahl, Jeppe; Jørgensen, Casper Nordal

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the credit card debt puzzle using a generalization of the buffer-stock consumption model with long-term revolving debt contracts. Closely resembling actual US credit card law, we assume that card issuers can always deny their cardholders access to new debt, but that they cannot...... to simultaneously hold positive gross debt and positive gross assets even though the interest rate on the debt is much higher than the return rate on the assets. Including a risk of being excluded from new borrowing which is positively correlated with unemployment, we are able to simultaneously explain...

  3. Deuton-M Magnetic Tapes and Sheets for Cards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Magnetic stripe is one of the major applications of magnetic materials. As a key component of the present card technologies magnetic stripes play reliable components for electronic data interchange in worldwide electronic payment systems such as financial cards, transit tickets and phone cards, etc. Magnetic stripes are available in various coercivity materials, widths, lengths, structures and colors with each types of transferable, lamination and pressure sensitive magnetic tapes of Deuton-M. Manufacturing process, structure and characteristics of Deuton-M magnetic tape and sheet are described.

  4. Indian Kisan Credit Card Scheme: An Analytical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dharmendra Mehta

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Kisan Credit Card (KCC has now been regarded as the only medium of short-term credit for agriculture. The Kisan Credit Card (KCC scheme was introduced by the Finance Minister in his budget speech in the year 1998-99. From the year 1998-99, the scheme was implemented by public sector commercial banks, RRBs (Regional Rural Banks and cooperative banks in the country. It has emerged as an innovative credit distribution system to meet the production credit requirements of the farmers in a timely and easy manner. The present paper is aimed to study role of Kisan Credit Card in the rural credit facilitation in India.

  5. The Cold Dark Matter Search test stand warm electronics card

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hines, Bruce; /Colorado U., Denver; Hansen, Sten; /Fermilab; Huber, Martin; /Colorado U., Denver; Kiper, Terry; /Fermilab; Rau, Wolfgang; /Queen' s U., Kingston; Saab, Tarek; /Florida U.; Seitz, Dennis; Sundqvist, Kyle; /UC, Berkeley; Mandic, Vuk; /Minnesota U.

    2010-11-01

    A card which does the signal processing for four SQUID amplifiers and two charge sensitive channels is described. The card performs the same functions as is presently done with two custom 9U x 280mm Eurocard modules, a commercial multi-channel VME digitizer, a PCI to GPIB interface, a PCI to VME interface and a custom built linear power supply. By integrating these functions onto a single card and using the power over Ethernet standard, the infrastructure requirements for instrumenting a Cold Dark Matter Search (CDMS) detector test stand are significantly reduced.

  6. REMINDER - PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN (ACCESS) CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2003-01-01

    The period of validity of CERN (access) cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards. Relations with the Host States Service http://www.cern.ch/relations/ Tel. 72848

  7. REMINDER PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN (ACCESS) CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    The period of validity of CERN (access) cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards.Relations with the Host States Service Tel. 72848

  8. REMINDER PERIOD OF VALIDITY OF CERN (ACCESS) CARDS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    The period of validity of CERN (access) cards not bearing an expiry date has been extended from 30 June to 31 December 2002 (see paragraph 17.4 of the Implementation Measures relating to Operational Circular n° 2). Holders of such cards are kindly requested to have their cards renewed either at the Users Office (in the case of Users) or at the Registration Service (all the others) from 1 August 2002 onwards. Relations with the Host States Service http://www.cern.ch/relations/ Tel. 72848

  9. Plain and Rolled Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Plain and Rolled Images from Paired Fingerprint Cards (PC database for purchase)   NIST Special Database 29 is being distributed for use in development and testing fingerprint matching systems. The data consist of 216 ten-print fingerprint card pairs with both the rolled and plains (from a bottom of the fingerprint card) scanned at 19.7 pixels per mm. A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  10. Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs (Volumes 1-5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    NIST Mated Fingerprint Card Pairs (Volumes 1-5) (PC database for purchase)   The NIST database of mated fingerprint card pairs (Special Database 9) consists of multiple volumes. Currently five volumes have been released. Each volume will be a 3-disk set with each CD-ROM containing 90 mated card pairs of segmented 8-bit gray scale fingerprint images (900 fingerprint image pairs per CD-ROM). A newer version of the compression/decompression software on the CDROM can be found at the website http://www.nist.gov/itl/iad/ig/nigos.cfm as part of the NBIS package.

  11. Indian Kisan Credit Card Scheme: An Analytical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dharmendra Mehta

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Kisan Credit Card (KCC has now been regarded as the only medium of short-term credit for agriculture. The Kisan Credit Card (KCC scheme was introduced by the Finance Minister in his budget speech in the year 1998-99. From the year 1998-99, the scheme was implemented by public sector commercial banks, RRBs (Regional Rural Banks and cooperative banks in the country. It has emerged as an innovative credit distribution system to meet the production credit requirements of the farmers in a timely and easy manner. The present paper is aimed to study role of Kisan Credit Card in the rural credit facilitation in India.

  12. Paro Cardíaco en el Embarazo

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Eduardo Sáenz Madrigal; Carlos Adrián Vindas Morera

    2013-01-01

    El paro cardíaco en el embarazo presenta un escenario único en el que están incluidos dos pacientes: la madre y el feto. El manejo de este escenario requiere de un equipo multidisciplinario incluyendo especialistas en anestesia, obstetricia, neonatología, cardiología y en ocasiones cirugía cardíaca. Los protocolos de soporte vital básico y soporte cardíaco avanzado deben ser implementados, sin embargo, dados los cambios anatómicos y fisiológicos que ocurren en el embarazo, algunas modificacio...

  13. An approach to improve the match-on-card fingerprint authentication system security

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Nair, Kishor Krishnan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available -on-Card (TOC), Match-on- Card (MOC), Work-Sharing On-Card (WSOC), and System-on-Card (SOC). Out of these four approaches, the SOC is considered as the most secure and expensive, whereas the TOC is considered as the least secure and least expensive. The MOC...

  14. C-cards: using paper and scissors to understand computer science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Andrea

    2003-01-01

    We define a simple card game, where cards are computational elements; computing machines can be defined, built and animated in a concrete way by disposing cards and moving pegs around them, following formal rules. We discuss how to use this card game as an educational tool, to introduce children ...

  15. 6 CFR 37.25 - Renewal of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation, Verification, and Card Issuance Requirements § 37.25 Renewal of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. (a) In-person renewals. States must require holders of REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards to renew...

  16. 6 CFR 37.23 - Reissued REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation, Verification, and Card Issuance Requirements § 37.23 Reissued REAL ID driver's licenses and identification cards. (a) State... time a REAL ID driver's license or identification card is reissued, to ensure that the...

  17. 6 CFR 37.21 - Temporary or limited-term driver's licenses and identification cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... identification cards. 37.21 Section 37.21 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSES AND IDENTIFICATION CARDS Minimum Documentation, Verification, and Card... may only issue a temporary or limited-term REAL ID driver's license or identification card to...

  18. Design of a Channel Error Simulator using Virtual Instrument Techniques for the Initial Testing of TCP/IP and SCPS Protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horan, Stephen; Wang, Ru-Hai

    1999-01-01

    There exists a need for designers and developers to have a method to conveniently test a variety of communications parameters for an overall system design. This is no different when testing network protocols as when testing modulation formats. In this report, we discuss a means of providing a networking test device specifically designed to be used for space communications. This test device is a PC-based Virtual Instrument (VI) programmed using the LabVIEW(TM) version 5 software suite developed by National Instruments(TM)TM. This instrument was designed to be portable and usable by others without special, additional equipment. The programming was designed to replicate a VME-based hardware module developed earlier at New Mexico State University (NMSU) and to provide expanded capabilities exceeding the baseline configuration existing in that module. This report describes the design goals for the VI module in the next section and follows that with a description of the design of the VI instrument. This is followed with a description of the validation tests run on the VI. An application of the error-generating VI to networking protocols is then given.

  19. 基于Android的QRCode名片系统研究%Research on the QR Code Business Card System Based on Android

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋永生

    2011-01-01

    名片是一种常用的社交工具。在接到别人的纸质名片后,将名片上的信息逐条存入手机通信录中比较繁琐,不及时存储,纸质名片又容易丢失。为了解决这个问题,在Android开源手机平台的基础上,设计并实现QRCode名片系统,让用户可以方便及时地将纸质QRCode名片上的信息存储到入手机通信录中。方便实用。%Business card is a common social tool. When receiving someone else's paper business card, people usually have to store the information on the business card into mobile phone address book timely. It's cumbersome and the paper business card is easy to lose. To solve this problem, designs and realizes a QR Code business card system based on Android which is an open source handset system. The system can help people store the information on the paper QR Code business card into mobile phone address book easily and timely, which is convenient and practical.

  20. 面向二代身份证的图文识别%Text and Image Recognition for the Second-generation ID Card

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪雅敏

    2013-01-01

    现有的身份证验证多依赖人工参与,也有一些自动验证身份证的系统,但这些系统主要针对身份证号码的识别。针对现有识别系统的局限,使用基于滑动窗口搜索的身份证提取方法和基于连通区域分析的人脸图像提取方法,设计了二代身份证图文识别的算法框架,并通过实验验证了算法的有效性。%The existing verification methods of ID card always dependson human intervention .There are some existing systems which can automatically verify the ID card , but they just focus on the identity card number .This article aims to the limitations of the existing ID card recognition system , rescarches the graphic recognition of the ID card, and proposes ID extraction method based on searching by sliding window and face image extraction method based on analyzing connected regions , and designs algorithm framework of character and graphic recogni-tion for the second-generation ID card .The experiment resvlt shows that this algorithm is effective .

  1. Firmware development and testing of the ATLAS IBL Back Of Crate card

    CERN Document Server

    Stramaglia, Maria Elena; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS is one of the four big LHC experiments and currently its Pixel Detector was upgraded with a new innermost 4th layer: the Insertable B-Layer (IBL). The upgrade will result in better tracking efficiency and compensate radiation damages of the Pixel-Detector. Newly developed front-end electronics and the higher than originally planned LHC luminosity required a complete re-design of the Off Detector Electronics consisting of the Back Of Crate card (BOC) and the Read Out Driver (ROD). The main purpose of the BOC card is the distribution of the LHC clock to all Pixel Detector components as well as interfacing the detector and the higher level readout optically. The data-path to the detector is running a 40 MHz bi phase mark (BPM) encoded stream. The 160 MHz 8b10b encoded data path from the detector is phase and word aligned in the firmware and then forwarded to the ROD after decoding. The ROD will send out the processed data which is then forwarded to the higher level readout by the BOC card. An overview of t...

  2. Model-based security analysis of the German health card architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jürjens, J; Rumm, R

    2008-01-01

    Health-care information systems are particularly security-critical. In order to make these applications secure, the security analysis has to be an integral part of the system design and IT management process for such systems. This work presents the experiences and results from the security analysis of the system architecture of the German Health Card, by making use of an approach to model-based security engineering that is based on the UML extension UMLsec. The focus lies on the security mechanisms and security policies of the smart-card-based architecture which were analyzed using the UMLsec method and tools. Main results of the paper include a report on the employment of the UMLsec method in an industrial health information systems context as well as indications of its benefits and limitations. In particular, two potential security weaknesses were detected and countermeasures discussed. The results indicate that it can be feasible to apply a model-based security analysis using UMLsec to an industrial health information system like the German Health Card architecture, and that doing so can have concrete benefits (such as discovering potential weaknesses, and an increased confidence that no further vulnerabilities of the kind that were considered are present).

  3. 76 FR 76475 - Employment Network (EN) Report Card

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Employment Network (EN) Report Card AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Webinar and National Teleconference Call Listening Sessions--Announcing Two Opportunities for SSA to...

  4. Ethics pocket cards: an educational tool for busy clinicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpe, Rebecca L; Levi, Benjamin H; Blackhall, George F; Green, Michael J

    2014-01-01

    The adage "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure" is widely used in healthcare settings and can be applied to the work of institutional clinical ethics committees. The model of clinical ethics consultation, however, is inherently reactive: a crisis or question emerges, and ethics experts are called to help. In an effort to employ a proactive component to the model of clinical ethics consultation (as well as to standardize our educational interventions), we developed ethics pocket cards. The purpose of this article is to: (1) describe the rationale for using ethics pocket cards, (2) provide examples of our cards, and (3) begin a dialogue about the potential uses of ethics pocket cards. In doing so, we hope to explore how such portable, economical devices can advance the goals of ethics consultation as well as the educational aims of ethics committees.

  5. Chronic Bullying Can Show Up in Report Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_163318.html Chronic Bullying Can Show Up in Report Cards Study found ... 2017 MONDAY, Jan. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic bullying can take a toll on kids' grades. That's ...

  6. Satisfaction with Service for Internet Medicare Replacement Cards

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This dataset contains results of Internet Report Card iRequest Survey conducted by mail between April and June 2014 using a brief scannable “report card” style...

  7. Biodegradability of grounded cell phone recharge cards in two Niger ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The biodegradability of four commonly used Global System for Mobile Telecommunication (GSM) ... Negative control consisted of recharge card and sterile soil. ... 0 to day 28 in the biodegradation test systems in rain forest and mangrove soils.

  8. Kolonel Cristian Carde - tõeline klassik / Ingrid Randlaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randlaht, Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    Cristian Cardest, kes on Prantsuse Saumuri sõjaväelise kõrgema ratsakooli Cader Noir pearatsastaja olnud kaheksa aastat ning juhtinud ka Prantsusmaa aegade parimat koolisõidukoondist. Juunikuus Soomes Nummis toimunud Cristian Carde ratsakliinikust

  9. BALANCED SCORE CARD APPROACH FOR BETTER SHARI’AH CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheila Nu Nu Htay

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Islamic financial institutions have emerged due to the non-Shari’ah compliant nature of conventional financial from interest, uncertainty, gambling and prohibited activities from the Islamic perspective. In order to achieve the mission of Shari’ah compliance, organizations such as Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions, Islamic Financial Services Board and countries like Malaysia have provided Shari’ah governance guidelines. However, there are some court-cases regarding non-Shari’ah compliant issues and consequently, this has tarnished the reputation of the Islamic financial institutions. There is no guideline on Shari’ah performance measures available to find out to what extent Islamic financial institutions meet its mission. This study tries to fulfill the needs of the industry by providing the balanced score card for Shari’ah governance. This proposed score card is designed based on the concepts of accountability, responsibility, independence and competency of the Shari’ah board members. It suggests measures how any Islamic financial institutions discharge their fiduciary duty towards shareholders, depositors, participants of Islamic industry. The main drive towards Islamic financial institutions is to provide fair and just financial system free insurance, borrowers and society with the expectation of long-term success of the institutions within the Shari’ah framework. The proposed balanced score card is developed based on the opinions of 7 representatives from Islamic banks and 5 representatives from Takaful (Islamic Insurance Operators. It is expected that this score card can be used as a platform for improving the Shari’ah corporate governance of Islamic financial institutions.

  10. NPS Government Purchase Card Program: An Analysis of Internal Controls

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-18

    monthly AO and CH account statements (GSA, n.d.-d). The government has partnerships with Citibank , JP Morgan Chase, and U.S. Bank (GSA, n.d.-b), and... Citibank to process all types of transactions, including those made with the purchase, travel, and fleet card. However, the DoD’s independent agencies also...purchase card training. Furthermore, DoD annual ethics training is required as well. Initial training with Citibank is required, and NPS also requires that

  11. Army Medical Command Handbook for the Government Purchase Card Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    Mellon Bank, Citibank , JPMorgan Chase and USBank). These banks are contracted to provide federal employees with purchase cards. Such purchase card...Policy in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition, Technology & Logistics) and is responsible for Program Management for the DoD...principal advisor to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics (AT&L), Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for

  12. Forum: House of Cards: Analyzing "Making Skills Everyone's Business "

    Science.gov (United States)

    St. Clair, Ralf

    2015-01-01

    When policy is made in a particular area, not only does one have to decide what to do but why he/she is doing it. Any plan for action is like a house of cards. At the bottom, there are assumptions. They hold up the next layer, which is the definition of the problem. At the top is the response, what is to be done. If any of the lower cards is not…

  13. Towards non-repudiable authentication through biometrics and smart cards

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Msiza, I

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available : Biometrics ? CSIR 2012 Slide 2 ? Biometric Authentication ? Why Fingerprint Recognition? ? Fingerprint Recognition ? Africa Needs to Catch-up Part C: Biometrics & Smart Cards ? Fingerprint Recognition and Smart Cards ? Some Challenges Part D... ? These traits could be their iris, fingerprint, face, voice, gate, and others ? Fingerprint recognition is currently the most popular mode of biometric authentication Why Fingerprint Recognition? ? CSIR 2012 Slide 9 Biometric Recognition ? Africa Needs...

  14. A 3D bus interconnect for network line cards

    OpenAIRE

    Engel, J; Kocak, T

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a 3D bus architecture as a processor-memory interconnection system to increase the throughput of the memory system currently used on line cards. The 3D bus architecture allows multiple processing elements on a line card to access a shared memory. The main advantage of the proposed architecture is to increase the network processor off-chip memory bandwidth while diminishing the latency otherwise caused by the single bus competition.

  15. The Growth Potential of Debit Cards in Singapore

    OpenAIRE

    Heng, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    This paper starts by examining the evolution of the Singapore payments system from a historical perspective by reviewing the institutional evolution, as well as the development and adoption of some of the newest payment instruments. Two major trends in recent Singapore payment history are revealed, i.e. cash and check payments are being displaced by credit and debit card and other electronic mode of payments and usage of debit cards is seeing significant growth. From the literature revie...

  16. The card game 24 and its application to math education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Liping; Yang, Jie; Han, Xue; Velasquez, Loren

    2014-05-01

    The card game 24 is a mathematical game that traditionally engages elementary students to practice their mental computational skills. In this paper, we use probability to formulate and explore the game. We create score of difficulty level for solvable card combination set under various setup of game rules. Based on our findings, we create new playing rules and provide suggestions for different levels of players. Our results may serve as guidelines on introducing the game 24 into the practice of math education.

  17. An Asymmetric Fingerprint Matching Algorithm for Java Card

    OpenAIRE

    Bistarelli, Stefano; Santini, Francesco; Vaccarelli, Anna

    2004-01-01

    A novel fingerprint matching algorithm is proposed in this paper. The algorithm is based on the minutiae local structures, that are invariant with respect to global transformations like translation and rotation. Match algorithm has been implemented inside a smartcard over the Java Card? platform, meeting the individual's need for information privacy and the overall authentication procedure security, since the card owner biometric template never leaves the private support device and the match ...

  18. Formal and Informal Regulations for Credit Card Payment Services

    OpenAIRE

    Guzin Gulsun Akin; Ahmet Faruk Aysan; Gültekin Gollu; Levent Yildiran

    2013-01-01

    The Turkish credit card market has recently undergone two important formal regulations: the interchange fee regulation in 2005 and the interest rate regulation in 2006. Banks started to charge annual fees to cardholders after the interest rate regulation, before which credit card ownership was costless. This practice sparked a widespread public outcry and legislative activity to control annual fees. Consumer unions vigorously called for regulations. They argued that in response to the fall in...

  19. A new service to ensure that PXI cards perform correctly

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2013-01-01

    The PXI (PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation) card is an electronic module used in association with a PC to improve the performance of measurement and automation systems. At CERN, many systems use PXI cards. With the long shutdown providing ideal timing, a new interdepartmental initiative has created a PXI card calibration service. Don’t miss out!   Christine Leroy-Jonckx and Benjamin Ninet (next to the new calibration machine), display their National Instruments diplomas. PXI cards are used in both laboratories and accelerators, for test beds, data acquisition systems, installation testing, etc. “A survey of CERN PXI equipment users carried out in 2011 showed that there were more than 1500 cards and about 50 different models in use,” says Hubert Reymond, responsible for PXI support and promotion at CERN. “As for all electronic systems, the performance of these cards can vary over time. So for some of them, calibration is nece...

  20. FPGA Mezzanine Cards for CERN’s Accelerator Control System

    CERN Document Server

    Alvarez, P R; Lewis, J; Serrano, J; Wlostowski, T

    2009-01-01

    Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) have become a key player in modern real time control systems. They offer determinism, simple design, high performance and versatility. A typical hardware architecture consists of an FPGA interfaced with a control bus and a variable number of digital IOs, ADCs and DACs depending on the application. Until recently the low-cost hardware paradigm has been using mezzanines containing a front end interface plus custom logic (typically an FPGA) and a local bus that interfaces the mezzanine to a carrier. As FPGAs grow in size and shrink in price, hardware reuse, testability and bus access speed could be improved if the user logic is moved to the carrier. The new FPGA Mezzanine Card (FMC) Vita 57 standard is a good example of this new paradigm. In this paper we present a standard kit of FPGA carriers and IO mezzanines for accelerator control. Carriers form factors will be VME, PCI and PCIe. The carriers will feature White Rabbit support for accurate synchronization of distributed...

  1. Increasing Active Student Responding in a University Applied Behavior Analysis Course: The Effect of Daily Assessment and Response Cards on End of Week Quiz Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malanga, Paul R.; Sweeney, William J.

    2008-01-01

    The study compared the effects of daily assessment and response cards on average weekly quiz scores in an introduction to applied behavior analysis course. An alternating treatments design (Kazdin 1982, "Single-case research designs." New York: Oxford University Press; Cooper et al. 2007, "Applied behavior analysis." Upper Saddle River:…

  2. Increasing Active Student Responding in a University Applied Behavior Analysis Course: The Effect of Daily Assessment and Response Cards on End of Week Quiz Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malanga, Paul R.; Sweeney, William J.

    2008-01-01

    The study compared the effects of daily assessment and response cards on average weekly quiz scores in an introduction to applied behavior analysis course. An alternating treatments design (Kazdin 1982, "Single-case research designs." New York: Oxford University Press; Cooper et al. 2007, "Applied behavior analysis." Upper Saddle River:…

  3. Design of evaluation index system of scientific research performance based on the Balanced Score Card and Analytic Hierarchy Process in military medical universities%基于BSC和AHP的军医大学科研绩效评价指标体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙怡; 王振维

    2015-01-01

    目的 军医大学科研绩效评价指标体系的构建、权重确定及实证对比研究.方法 通过文献研究,将平衡计分卡(Balanced Score Card,简称BSC)应用于科研绩效评价指标的设计,初步确立军医大学科研绩效评价指标体系,并采用德尔菲法(Delphi Method)确立最终的评价指标.基于层次分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process,简称AHP)中Saaty权重法设计权重判断表,确定各级指标权重.用数理统计的方法建立群组决策模型,求出综合权重.最后,将三级指标中的部分定性指标定量化,并收集两个科室近两年来的科研绩效数据,对体系的适用性进行评价.结果 构建了一套全面反映军医大学科研绩效的评价指标体系,共有四个维度,一级指标8个,二级指标22个,三级指标50个,并确定了各级指标权重.实证研究显示,在综合水平方面,B科室高于A科室.但在四维度上大家均各有所长,A科室在传统的科研投入产出方面与B科室相比有较大差距;在客户和内部流程两方面分值比较接近;在学习与成长方面,2013年A科室略微落后于B科室,但在2014年反而超越了B科室.结论 基于平衡计分卡和层次分析法原理的指标体系设计集长期指标和短期指标、财务指标和非财务指标、显性指标和隐性指标为一体,定性与定量评价相结合,采用科学有效的咨询、分析和计算方法,结果真实可信.在体系的适用性方面,基于BSC的科研绩效评价体系相较于传统的绩效评价,能更好更全面的反映各科室的科研水平、团队创新能力和可持续发展趋势.%Objective To design an evaluation index system of scientific research performance in military medical universities and determine the weights of these indexs.Methods Through literature study,the Balanced Scorecard Card (BSC) is used to preliminarily design the evaluation index system of scientific research performance in military medical

  4. Smart Cards Applications in the Healthcare System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudiu Oltean

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Current medical system based on medical records and health books is outdated and no longer meets the new requirements. Essential information security in terms of data privacy, integrity and authenticity, is not assured. Healthcare fraud with medical records is quite easy, because there is no security features to prevent this. Obtaining prescription drugs is slowly, the patient is forced in most cases, to go to the pharmacy staff to get their prescription. Another issue is data portability because each clinic can use a proprietary format of medical records, which is not always standardized. Modern and efficient healthcare system can be achieved by introducing smart cards and related software. Their introduction in addition to the portability and data security, reduce costs for both patient and medical institutions. The result will be increase confidence and patient satisfaction in medical institutions. Developed software package includes software applications which manage medical archive to smartcard, in a secure form and a software module which can be used for e-commerce transactions. All developed software application meets current standards for data security. Implementation of such solutions in practice would significantly reduce current costs in healthcare system.

  5. Designing well with others

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Thomas Duus

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Have you ever been sitting in a game-design workshop trying to make a game work when suddenly someone suggested incorporating elements like drawing a card or rolling a die as a contribution to creating a functional design? How did that make you feel? Yes, so did I, but please read a bit...

  6. Card Clothing Matching Selection and Processing Effect of New Carding Machine%新型梳棉机针布配套选型及工艺效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙鹏

    2013-01-01

    探讨新型梳棉机针布配套选型及工艺效果.分析了新型梳棉机锡林、活动盖板、固定盖板、刺辊等针布的梳理作用及其相关具体要求.论述了新型梳棉机针布选型配套原则.通过新型梳棉机针布选型配套应用实例对比,诠释了新型梳棉机几种进口针布和国产针布配套选型的梳理作用和工艺效果.%Card clothing matching selection and processing effect of new carding machine were discussed.Carding effect and related demands were analyzed,including new carding machine cylinder,movable flat,fixed flat,licker-in et al.Selection principle of new carding machine card clothing was discussed.Through contrasting application example of new carding machine card clothing,carding effect and processing effect of several exported card clothing and domestic card clothing on new carding machine are introduced.

  7. Doctor Grube's Playing Cards or The Grube Method Simulation Game for Create-A-Deck of Standard 56-Printer Playing Cards!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grube, Karl W.

    This paper describes how to create a deck of 56 playing cards using historical or educational facts in place of the numbers on the playing cards. Card data also deal with various games and activities to address interest and learning styles. (EH)

  8. Valutazione economica dello studio CARDS: un aggiornamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona de Portu

    2011-05-01

    clinical trial evaluating efficacy of atorvastatin versus placebo in preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular events in a cohort of type II diabetes patients without previous history of coronary events. A cost-effectiveness analysis in the perspective of the National Healthcare System (SSN has been performed, under the hypothesis of the imminent price reduction of atorvastatin, due to the loss of exclusivity. Results: after a median follow up of 3.9 years, the number of patients with at least a major cardiovascular event requiring hospitalization was lower in the atorvastatin arm (5.8% compared to the placebo arm (9.0%; p=0.001. Based on a cohort of 1,000 patients, treatment with atorvastatin permitted to gain 29.28 life years. The incremental cost of adding atorvastatin to the standard therapy amounted to €305,682, and was partially balanced by a cost reduction due to fewer hospitalizations, compared to the placebo arm (€ 168,313. Total direct costs were of €602.186 in the atorvastatin group and of € 464,818 in the placebo group, resulting into an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of € 4,692 for Life Year Gained (LYG. Conclusion: the present study is an update of a previous economic analysis of the CARDS trial. Under the assumed new cost scenario, the cost-effectiveness profile of treating diabetic patients with atorvastatin becomes highly favourable, and leads to a significant reduction of the cost for Life Year Gained compared to the previous findings.

  9. Transforming Mobile Platform with KI-SIM Card into an Open Mobile Identity Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyppönen, Konstantin; Hassinen, Marko; Trichina, Elena

    Recent introduction of Near Field Communication (NFC) in mobile phones has stimulated the development of new proximity payment and identification services. We present an architecture that facilitates the use of the mobile phone as a personalised electronic identity tool. The tool can work as a replacement for numerous ID cards and licenses. Design for privacy principles have been applied, such as minimisation of data collection and informed consent of the user. We describe an implementation of a lightweight version of the of the mobile identity tool using currently available handset technology and off-the-shelf development tools.

  10. Self-reported coping behavior in health and disease: assessment with a card sort game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, C. E.; Peng, C. K.; Lester, N.; Daltroy, L. H.; Goldberger, A. L.

    1998-01-01

    The authors tested the hypothesis that individuals with a variety of severe chronic illnesses and the healthy elderly exhibit a loss of flexibility in their response to a variety of stressors, compared with healthy adults. A card sort game designed to assess self-reported coping behavior under different stressful life situations was used to compare healthy adults with individuals with multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and the elderly. The healthy adults were found to exhibit more variability than any of the illness groups or the elderly. Healthy function is marked by a complex type of variability.

  11. Increasing the impact of health plan report cards by addressing consumers' concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibbard, J H; Harris-Kojetin, L; Mullin, P; Lubalin, J; Garfinkel, S

    2000-01-01

    Most plan report cards that compare the performance of health plans have framed the decision about plan choice as an opportunity to get better-quality care. This study uses a controlled experimental design to examine the effect of reframing the health plan choice decision to one that emphasizes protecting oneself from possible risk. The findings show that framing the health plan decision using a risk message has a consistent and significant positive impact on how consumers comprehend, value, and weight comparative performance information.

  12. The C-RORC PCIe Card and its Application in the ALICE and ATLAS Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Engel, H; Costa, F; Crone, G J; Eschweiler, D; Francis, D; Green, B; Joos, M; Kebschull, U; Kiss, T; Kugel, A; Panduro Vasquez, J G; Soos, C; Teixeira-Dias, P; Tremblet, L; Vande Vyvre, P; Vandelli, W; Vermeulen, J C; Werner, P; Wickens, F J

    2015-01-01

    The ALICE and ATLAS DAQ systems read out detector data via point-to-point serial links into custom hardware modules, the ALICE RORC and ATLAS ROBIN. To meet the increase in operational requirements both experiments are replacing their respective modules with a new common module, the C-RORC. This card, developed by ALICE, implements a PCIe Gen 2 x8 interface and interfaces to twelve optical links via three QSFP transceivers. This paper presents the design of the C-RORC, its performance and its application in the ALICE and ATLAS experiments.

  13. The C-RORC PCIe card and its application in the ALICE and ATLAS experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Borga, A; The ATLAS collaboration; Crone, G; Engel, H; Eschweiler, D; Francis, D; Green, B; Joos, M; Kebschull, U; Kiss, T; Kugel, A; Panduro Vazquez, W; Soos, C; Teixeira-Dias, P; Tremblet, L; Vande Vyvre, P; Vandelli, W; Vermeulen, J; Werner, P; Wickens, F

    2014-01-01

    The ALICE and ATLAS DAQ systems read out detector data via point-to-point serial links into custom hardware modules, the ALICE RORC and ATLAS ROBIN. To meet the increase in operational requirements both experiments are replacing their respective modules with a new common module, the C-RORC. This card, developed by ALICE, implements a PCIe Gen 2 x8 interface and supports twelve optical links via three QSFP transceivers. This paper presents the design of the C-RORC, its performance and its applications in the ALICE and ATLAS experiments.

  14. A Proposal for a Privacy-preserving National Identity Card

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves Deswarte

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose to replace the national identity card, currently used in many countries, by a personal device that allows its user to prove some binary statements about him while minimizing personal information leakage. The privacy of the user is protected through the use of anonymous credentials that, allows him to prove binary statements about himself to another entity without having to disclose his identity or any unnecessary information. The proposed scheme also prevents the possibility of tracing the user, even if he proves several times the same statement (unlinkability property. A tamper-proof smartcard is used to store the personal information of the user thus protecting his privacy and preventing the risks of forgery at the same time. The user identifies himself to the card via biometrics thus forbidding an unauthorized use in the situationwhere the card is stolen or lost. Two implementation proposals of the privacy-preserving identity card are described and discussed, and should be experimented on Java Cards in a near future. Possible extensions are also proposed as future work.

  15. Cipher for smart card using Unicode, length and position

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natang. A. Salgia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Smart cards have become a common thing today. Smart cards with various utilities are used today since they are easy to carry and relatively secured. But due to advancement of technologies, smart cards are becoming increasingly insecure. A paper from certain conference suggested a new encryption algorithm to keep the information secured in smart cards and to overcome forgery attacks. It claims that, on an average, even a supercomputer will take 101084 years to decrypt, which is much higher than the previous proposals. It makes use of the length of the PIN, and the position and the Unicode value of every character in the PIN along with a secret key to create cipher text. Also, final cipher text is formed by combining two different cipher texts, one from date and time and another from PIN and secret key. And only this final cipher text is saved on the smart card making this algorithm further more secured. But few anomalies were noticed in it. Firstly, the cipher text generated using proposed formula for encryption makes securing it using position problematic. Secondly, the formula given in actual paper misses an important step, without which decryption process gives wrong output. With proposed changes these problems are eradicated and the algorithm becomes more difficult to hack.

  16. Biometric authentication for ID cards with hologram watermarks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croce Ferri, Lucilla; Mayerhoefer, Astrid; Frank, Marcus; Vielhauer, Claus; Steinmetz, Ralf

    2002-04-01

    We present an analysis of a new technique for the authentication of ID cardholders, based on the integration of a biometrics-based authentication system with digital watermarks. The chosen biometric authentication method is the dynamic signature verification of the ID cardholder, while we use a specific integrity watermark technique we developed, called Hologram Watermark, to embed and retrieve the off-line data onto an ID card. We take advantage of the fact, that two static biometric features (images of the user's face and signature) are already integral part of ID cards for manual verification and extent the stored biometric information by embedding on-line handwriting features of the signature as holographic watermarks in the overall image information of an ID card. Manipulation of any of the image information can be detected and will further disallow biometric verification of the forger. The Hologram Watermark technique produces content-related data using computer-generated hologram coding techniques. These data are embedded with watermarking techniques into the personal data printed on an ID card. The content-related data in this specific application are the dynamic features of the cardholder's signature. The main goal of this paper is to analyze the suitability of dynamic signature verification in combination with the Hologram Watermark technique, to facilitate automated user authentication based on information transparently embedded in ID cards.

  17. Paro Cardíaco en el Embarazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Eduardo Sáenz Madrigal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El paro cardíaco en el embarazo presenta un escenario único en el que están incluidos dos pacientes: la madre y el feto. El manejo de este escenario requiere de un equipo multidisciplinario incluyendo especialistas en anestesia, obstetricia, neonatología, cardiología y en ocasiones cirugía cardíaca. Los protocolos de soporte vital básico y soporte cardíaco avanzado deben ser implementados, sin embargo, dados los cambios anatómicos y fisiológicos que ocurren en el embarazo, algunas modificaciones en los algoritmos son fundamentales. La evidencia existente acerca del manejo del paro cardíaco en el embarazo es relativamente insuficiente, sin estudios randomizados, por lo tanto las recomendaciones son basadas en pequeños estudios de cohorte y reportes de casos, además de la opinión de los expertos. En esta revisión hablaremos del paro cardíaco en el embarazo, sus implicaciones y el manejo adecuado por parte del equipo multidisciplinario, además del tiempo en el que se debe realizar la cesárea en caso de no retorno de circulación espontánea.

  18. FTA card utility for PCR detection of Mycobacterium leprae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aye, Khin Saw; Matsuoka, Masanori; Kai, Masanori; Kyaw, Kyaw; Win, Aye Aye; Shwe, Mu Mu; Thein, Min; Htoo, Maung Maung; Htoon, Myo Thet

    2011-01-01

    The suitability of the FTA® elute card for the collection of slit skin smear (SSS) samples for PCR detection of Mycobacterium leprae was evaluated. A total of 192 SSS leprosy samples, of bacillary index (BI) 1 to 5, were collected from patients attending two skin clinics in Myanmar and preserved using both FTA® elute cards and 70% ethanol tubes. To compare the efficacy of PCR detection of DNA from each BI class, PCR was performed to amplify an M. leprae-specific repetitive element. Of the 192 samples, 116 FTA® elute card and 112 70% ethanol samples were PCR positive for M. leprae DNA. When correlated with BI, area under the curve (AUC) values of the respective receiver-operating characteristic curves were similar for the FTA® elute card and ethanol collection methods (AUC=0.6). Taken together, our results indicate that the FTA® elute card, which enables the collection, transport, and archiving of clinical samples, is an attractive alternative to ethanol preservation for the detection of M. leprae DNA.

  19. REMINDER - FRENCH CARDS - NEW PROCEDURE FOR INITIAL APPLICATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division would like to remind members of personnel that they are obliged to submit an application form for a French card as soon as they have a permanent address in either Switzerland or in France and they are actually living there. Following the rationalization of our administrative procedures, as of October 1st, 2002, the initial application procedure for a French card will now be as follows: The member of personnel should complete an application form. If necessary, an application form must also be completed for family members. These forms must then be transferred via e-mail to the appropriate Divisional Administrative Officer (DAO) who will forward them to the Cards Service. In parallel, the member of personnel should submit the necessary supporting documents to the Cards Service. Users are requested to apply for a French card through the Users' Office. The application form (Word format only), the procedural details, the necessary supporting documents as well as the conditions of issue ...

  20. Structural Equality Model Study for Credit Card Attitude Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray GİRGİNER

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to search for the validity and reliability of the Credit Card Attitude Scale developed by Girginer and her team (2008 grounding on the scale which had been formed by Hayhoe and his team (1999 with the help of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA. The scale in question had been modified for the high education students living in Turkey. Data of the survey made in 2008 was used in this study, too. Findings of the study exhibited that validity degree of the scale with four dimensions formed by CFA was higher than the validity degree of the scale with five dimensions formed by Explanatory Factor Analysis. Goodness of fit indicators calculated for the structural model took place in the goodness of fit limits. The Structural Equation Model (SEM established with the idea that the attitudes towards credit card usage in anxiety, cognitive and affective dimensions affected credit card usage behaviours, was found to be significant statistically. According to the results of the SEM, anxiety attitudes have the greatest positive effect (0.53 on the behaviours. Also it was found that students have tendency to use more credit cards of different kinds for decreasing their financial risks when their anxieties related with credit card usage get more and more.